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1

The Origins of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article attempts to trace the origins of competency-based training (CBT), the theory of vocational education that underpins the National Training Framework in Australia. A distinction is made between societal and theoretical origins. This paper argues that CBT has its societal origins in the United States of America during the 1950s, 60s and…

Hodge, Steven

2007-01-01

2

Origins of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the theories and social factors that contributed to the development of competency-based training (CBT). These include behaviorism (Edward L. Thorndike), scientific management (Frederick Taylor), progressive education (John Dewey), and derivative theories including operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), objectives-based…

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

3

Getting to Grips with Competency-Based Training and Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for the Australian general reader who wants to understand important trends in vocational education and training, this document consists of a description of competency-based training (CBT) and assessment, a short test of readers' CBT understanding, and an annotated bibliography. The introduction states the aims of the document, lists five…

Foyster, John

4

Implementation of Innovations in Higher Education: The Case of Competency-Based Training in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A notable trend in recent years has been the introduction of competency-based training (CBT) in vocational education and training systems in many countries. Several CBT training programmes in Ghana have been accredited and quality assured. This article explores the perception of both students and lecturers towards CBT and examines factors that…

Boahin, Peter; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2012-01-01

5

Discipline, Governmentality and 25 Years of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the many critiques of competency-based approaches to education and training (CBT) is a strain which draws on Foucault's analysis of "disciplinary" power and knowledge. Foucault offered an interpretation of modern institutions, such as prisons, armies and schools, which revealed subtle mechanisms of surveillance and systems of knowledge that…

Hodge, Steven; Harris, Roger

2012-01-01

6

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

7

Competency-Based Training in International Perspective: Comparing the Implementation Processes Towards the Achievement of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article undertakes a comparison of competency-based training (CBT) systems in a number of countries with the purpose of drawing lessons to support Ghana and other countries in the process of CBT implementation. The study focuses on recognition of prior learning and involvement of industry since these features seem crucial in achieving…

Boahin, Peter; Eggink, Jose; Hofman, Adriaan

2014-01-01

8

Competence-Based Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution aims at informing readers about a current education and training design approach which is based on theory building and practical experience. It is about the development of comprehensive competence-based education, which is different from earlier attempts to develop competence-based education. In many education development…

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

9

Competency-Based Training, Global Skills Mobility and the Teaching of International Students in Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, all vocational education and training (VET) qualifications must be based on competency-based training (CBT) and training packages. Yet, since 2005, there has been a major expansion in the number of VET international students in Australia, 85% of whom are from Asia. Given this development, the teaching and learning contexts in which…

Tran, Ly Thi; Nyland, Chris

2013-01-01

10

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) 2 Day TF-CBT Training  

E-print Network

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) 2 Day TF-CBT Training Thursday & Friday May 3, and in a variety of settings. This two day workshop will provide clinicians with training in how to provide TF-CBT and to implement this model. Pre-Training Recommendation: Participants are strongly encouraged to complete the TF-CBT

Qiu, Weigang

11

Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF CBT) 2 Day Training  

E-print Network

Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF CBT) 2 Day Training Trauma-Focused Cognitive participating in treatment. This two day workshop will provide clinicians with training in how to provide TF-CBT Training / Training Fee $225 Pre-Training Requirement: Participants must complete TF-CBT Web course before

Qiu, Weigang

12

School Counsellor Project Competency Based Training and Education System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Manitoba's Frontier School Division hired 18 local native adults to work as school counselors to be trained for over 24 months in a Competency Based Training and Education Program. The program, based on individual and work needs, combined classroom and on-the-job training in a 5-step process: job description, task definition, knowledge and skill…

Castleden, Jaye; And Others

13

Competence and Competency-based Training: What the Literature Says  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review, commissioned by the National Quality Council, provides a historical account of the development of competency-based training in Australia and summarises the issues arising from the range of reviews conducted on elements of the national training system. It also explores the variety of ways in which competence is conceived…

Guthrie, Hugh

2009-01-01

14

Application of Competency-Based Education in Laparoscopic Training  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives: To induce competency-based education/developing a curriculum in the training of postgraduate students in laparoscopic surgery. Methods: This study selected postgraduate students before the implementation of competency-based education (n = 16) or after the implementation of competency-based education (n = 17). On the basis of the 5 competencies of patient care, medical knowledge, practice-based learning and improvement, interpersonal and communication skills, and professionalism, the research team created a developing a curriculum chart and specific improvement measures that were implemented in the competency-based education group. Results: On the basis of the developing a curriculum chart, the assessment of the 5 comprehensive competencies using the 360° assessment method indicated that the competency-based education group's competencies were significantly improved compared with those of the traditional group (P < .05). The improvement in the comprehensive assessment was also significant compared with the traditional group (P < .05). Conclusion: The implementation of competency-based education/developing a curriculum teaching helps to improve the comprehensive competencies of postgraduate students and enables them to become qualified clinicians equipped to meet society's needs.

Xue, Dongbo; Bo, Hong; Zhao, Song; Meng, Xianzhi

2015-01-01

15

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Firefighter Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum, developed by firefighters and educators in West Virginia, is designed for use as a resource for the development of improved firefighter training programs. It consists of an introductory note to the instructor and 140 competency sheets. These sheets deal with tasks in the following areas: general…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

16

Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF CBT) 2 Day Training Spring 2013  

E-print Network

Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF CBT) 2 Day Training Spring 2013 Trauma participating in treatment. This two day workshop will provide clinicians with training in how to provide TF-CBT Training / Training Fee $225 Pre-Training Requirement: Participants must complete TF-CBT Web course before

Qiu, Weigang

17

Competence-Based Education and Training--About Frequently Asked Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article follows the author's previous piece on practical guidelines for the development of comprehensive competence-based education and training (Mulder, 2012). It is about the questions that have been and are still frequently asked in presentations, workshops and classes about the introduction of competence-based education. Here, the author…

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

18

The Problem with CBT (and Why Constructivism Makes Things Worse)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper develops a social realist critique of competency-based training (CBT) by drawing on the philosophy of critical realism and the sociology of Basil Bernstein as complementary modes of analysis. CBT is the mandated model of curriculum in the vocational education and training (VET) sector in Australia. It results in an impoverished…

Wheelahan, Leesa

2009-01-01

19

A Disciplinary Perspective of Competency-Based Training on the Acquisition of Employability Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the changing global economy, employability skills increasingly are the focus of vocational education and training institutions. This paper explores the effect of academic disciplines, students' background characteristics and industry training on the acquisition of employability skills through competency-based training. A significant…

Boahin, Peter; Hofman, Adriaan

2013-01-01

20

Competency-Based Training: Objective Structured Clinical Exercises (OSCE) in Marriage and Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of marriage and family therapy (MFT) has recently engaged in the process of defining core competencies for the profession. Many MFT training programs are adapting their curriculum to develop more competency-based training strategies. The Objective Structured Clinical "Examination" (OSCE) is widely used in the medical profession to assess…

Miller, John K.

2010-01-01

21

Developmental and Adapted Physical Education: A Competency-Based Teacher Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is the competency-based teacher training manual for Project ACTIVE (All Children Totally Involved in Exercising), a program designed for training educators to organize, conduct, and evaluate individualized-personalized physical education programs for handicapped students, prekindergarten through high school. The first three chapters…

Vodola, Thomas M.

22

Competency Based Training Program for Department Chairpersons and Other Resource Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Competency Based Training Program is a three part, three phase package. It contains: (1) a research document; (2) a set of 18 programed units and; (3) cassettes to accompany two specific units. The program phases require that: (1) the participant and a training advisor jointly perform a needs assessment activity and select appropriate units…

Bingen, Frances N.; And Others

23

Competency-based residency training: the next advance in graduate medical education.  

PubMed

The goal of all graduate medical education is to ensure that the graduating physician is competent to practice in his or her chosen field of medicine. The evaluation of a resident's competency to practice, however, has never been clearly defined, nor has the fixed period of time given for residency training in each specialty been shown to be the right amount of time for each individual resident to achieve competency. To better ensure that new physicians have the competencies they need, the author proposes the replacement of the current approach to residents' education, which specifies a fixed number of years in training, with competency-based training, in which each resident remains in training until he or she has been shown to have the required knowledge and skills and can apply them independently. Such programs, in addition to tailoring the training time to each individual, would make it possible to devise and test schemes to evaluate competency more surely than is now possible. The author reviews the basis of traditional residency training and the problems with the current training approach, both its fixed amount of time for training and the uncertainty of the methods of evaluation used. He then explains competency-based residency education, notes that it is possible, indeed probable, that some trainees will become competent considerably sooner than they would in the current required years of training, quotes a study in which this was the case, and explains the implications. He describes the encouraging experience of his neurosurgery department, which has used competency-based training for its residents since 1994. He then discusses issues of demonstrating competency in procedural and nonprocedural fields, as well as the evaluation of competency in traditional and competency-based training, emphasizing that the latter approach offers hope for better ways of assessing competency. PMID:11112714

Long, D M

2000-12-01

24

A comparison of South Australia's driver licensing methods: competency-based training vs. practical examination  

E-print Network

A comparison of South Australia's driver licensing methods: competency-based training vs. practical Australia, 5th Floor CDRC Building, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woodville Road, Woodville SA 5011, Australia b Transport Systems Centre, School of Geoinformatics, Planning and Building, University of South

25

Systematic Approach to Guidance; Planning Paraprofessional Programs. A Competency-Based Staff Development Training Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is part of a competency-based staff development training package which presents a systematic approach to guidance, counseling, and placement. The module acquaints the reader with the history, development, and major issues in the utilization of paraprofessionals. Its main purpose is to help the reader plan, implement, and evaluate a…

McBain, Susan; And Others

26

Illinois Competency Based Education Programs and the Employment and Training Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use by employment skills training operators and educators, this report provides information on competency-based education (CBE) and its use in Illinois. First, some of the main features of CBE programs are outlined, i.e., their emphasis on the interests, needs, and strengths of students and on providing those skills that the student…

Oen, Urban

27

Challenges in Developing Competency-based Training Curriculum for Food Safety Regulators in India  

PubMed Central

Context: The Food Safety and Standards Act have redefined the roles and responsibilities of food regulatory workforce and calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Aims: 1) Identify the competencies needed among the food regulatory workforce in India. 2) Develop a competency-based training curriculum for food safety regulators in the country. 3) Develop training materials for use to train the food regulatory workforce. Settings and Design: The Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, led the development of training curriculum on food safety with technical assistance from the Royal Society for Public Health, UK and the National Institute of Nutrition, India. The exercise was to facilitate the implementation of new Act by undertaking capacity building through a comprehensive training program. Materials and Methods: A competency-based training needs assessment was conducted before undertaking the development of the training materials. Results: The training program for Food Safety Officers was designed to comprise of five modules to include: Food science and technology, Food safety management systems, Food safety legislation, Enforcement of food safety regulations, and Administrative functions. Each module has a facilitator guide for the tutor and a handbook for the participant. Essentials of Food Hygiene-I (Basic level), II and III (Retail/ Catering/ Manufacturing) were primarily designed for training of food handlers and are part of essential reading for food safety regulators. Conclusion: The Food Safety and Standards Act calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Despite having developed a comprehensive competency-based training curriculum by joint efforts by the local, national, and international agencies, implementation remains a challenge in resource-limited setting. PMID:25136155

Thippaiah, Anitha; Allagh, Komal Preet; Murthy, G. V.

2014-01-01

28

An Innovative Child CBT Training Model for Community Mental Health Practitioners in Ontario  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for children has been shown efficacious, but community access to it is often limited by the lack of trained therapists. This study evaluated a child, CBT-focused, 20-session weekly group supervision seminar with a didactic component which was provided to community mental health practitioners by…

Manassis, Katharina; Ickowicz, Abel; Picard, Erin; Antle, Beverley; McNeill, Ted; Chahauver, Anu; Mendlowitz, Sandra; Monga, Suneeta; Adler-Nevo, Gili

2009-01-01

29

A single competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce: discussing the potential value add  

PubMed Central

This brief discusses the policy implications of a research study commissioned by Health Workforce Australia (HWA) within its health workforce innovation and reform work program. The project explored conceptually complex and operationally problematic concepts related to developing a whole-of-workforce competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce and culminated with the production of three reports published by HWA. The project raised important queries as to whether such a concept is desirable, feasible or implementable – in short what is the potential value add and is it achievable? In setting the scene for discussion, the foundation of the project’s genesis and focus of the study are highlighted. A summary of key definitions related to competency-based education and training frameworks and competency-based career frameworks are provided to further readers’ commonality of understanding. The nature of the problem to be solved is explored and the potential value-add for the Australian health workforce and its key constituents proposed. The paper concludes by discussing relevance and feasibility issues within Australia’s current and changing healthcare context along with the essential steps and implementation realities that would need to be considered and actioned if whole-of-workforce frameworks were to be developed and implemented. PMID:25279384

Brownie, Sharon Mary; Thomas, Janelle

2014-01-01

30

A single competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce: discussing the potential value add.  

PubMed

This brief discusses the policy implications of a research study commissioned by Health Workforce Australia (HWA) within its health workforce innovation and reform work program. The project explored conceptually complex and operationally problematic concepts related to developing a whole-of-workforce competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce and culminated with the production of three reports published by HWA. The project raised important queries as to whether such a concept is desirable, feasible or implementable - in short what is the potential value add and is it achievable? In setting the scene for discussion, the foundation of the project's genesis and focus of the study are highlighted. A summary of key definitions related to competency-based education and training frameworks and competency-based career frameworks are provided to further readers' commonality of understanding. The nature of the problem to be solved is explored and the potential value-add for the Australian health workforce and its key constituents proposed. The paper concludes by discussing relevance and feasibility issues within Australia's current and changing healthcare context along with the essential steps and implementation realities that would need to be considered and actioned if whole-of-workforce frameworks were to be developed and implemented. PMID:25279384

Brownie, Sharon Mary; Thomas, Janelle

2014-09-01

31

Competency-based postgraduate training: can we bridge the gap between theory and clinical practice?  

PubMed

The introduction of competency-based postgraduate medical training, as recently stimulated by national governing bodies in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, and other countries, is a major advancement, but at the same time it evokes critical issues of curricular implementation. A source of concern is the translation of general competencies into the practice of clinical teaching. The authors observe confusion around the term competency, which may have adverse effects when a teaching and assessment program is to be designed. This article aims to clarify the competency terminology. To connect the ideas behind a competency framework with the work environment of patient care, the authors propose to analyze the critical activities of professional practice and relate these to predetermined competencies. The use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) and statements of awarded responsibility (STARs) may bridge a potential gap between the theory of competency-based education and clinical practice. EPAs reflect those activities that together constitute the profession. Carrying out most of these EPAs requires the possession of several competencies. The authors propose not to go to great lengths to assess competencies as such, in the way they are abstractly defined in competency frameworks but, instead, to focus on the observation of concrete critical clinical activities and to infer the presence of multiple competencies from several observed activities. Residents may then be awarded responsibility for EPAs. This can serve to move toward competency-based training, in which a flexible length of training is possible and the outcome of training becomes more important than its length. PMID:17525536

ten Cate, Olle; Scheele, Fedde

2007-06-01

32

A Pilot Evaluation of a Brief CBT Training Course: Impact on Trainees' Satisfaction, Clinical Skills and Patient Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports an evaluation of a 10-day training course in cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). The course comprised both formal CBT workshops and clinical case supervision, and was evaluated on measures of trainee satisfaction, trainee- and assessor- rated measures of CBT skill, and clinical outcomes for a subgroup of trainees' patients. The course was well received by trainees and their

David Westbrook; Alison Sedgwick-Taylor; James Bennett-Levy; Gillian Butler; Freda McManus

2008-01-01

33

The development and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for training in global health research.  

PubMed

The Fogarty International Center (FIC) Global Health Fellows Program provides trainees with the opportunity to develop research skills through a mentored research experience, increase their content expertise, and better understand trends in global health research, funding organizations, and pathways to generate support. The Northern Pacific Global Health Fellows Research and Training Consortium, which hosts one of the FIC Global Health Programs, sought to enhance research training by developing, implementing, and evaluating a competency-based curriculum that uses a modular, asynchronous, web-based format. The curriculum has 8 core competencies, 36 learning objectives, and 58 assignments. Nineteen trainees completed their 11-month fellowship, engaged in the curriculum, and provided pre- and post-fellowship self-assessments. Self-assessed scores significantly improved for all competencies. Trainees identified the curriculum as one of the strengths of the program. This competency-based curriculum represents a first step toward creating a framework of global health research competencies on which further efforts could be based. PMID:25371189

Ton, Thanh G N; Gladding, Sophia P; Zunt, Joseph R; John, Chandy; Nerurkar, Vivek R; Moyer, Cheryl A; Hobbs, Nicole; McCoy, Molly; Kolars, Joseph C

2015-01-01

34

[Competency-based training and work world: from grading to employability].  

PubMed

Considered as an element of business discourse, the competence-based education emerges associated with processes of productive restructuring influencing the economy since 1970. These processes arise as a consequence of the crisis of the accumulation model based on mass production and consumption following the principles of taylorism and fordism. In the last decades, the State has been unable to solve the periodic crisis that afflicts late capitalism. Because of this, the State moves away from its economic mission, promotes marketing mechanisms and, in the meantime, it tries to manage the motivational crisis of the population. This challenge forces the State to take interest in the vital world of individuals trying to solve the legitimacy crisis through educational reforms that affect the world of work. The relationship between the vertiginous changes of working world and a new educational formation is explicit. This educational formation must consider (at the same time) the management capacity, learning capacity, teamwork capacity and self-training. Based on this situation, there is a direct relationship between technologic advances, the structural crisis of capitalism and work organization. Besides, the "qualification" term is replaced with "competency-based education". PMID:23258750

Estrada, John H M

2012-06-01

35

The Development of a Competency Based Train-the-Trainer Course for the Certification of Professional Development Center Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based training course was designed to prepare Professional Development Center (PDC) instructors for the certification process. After an exhaustive review of the literature, it was determined that a relevant training course that would specifically reflect the needs of the PDC was not available. The decision was then made to design a…

Rudasill, Susann E.

36

Getting Started in CBT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides answers to three questions about the implementation of computer based training: (1) What kinds of training adapt to CBT? (2) What human resources will you need to adapt training to CBT? and (3) What strategic approach meets your training needs in converting to CBT? (JEG)

Pflaumer, Elizabeth M.

1979-01-01

37

The main purpose of this paper is to illustrate the characteristics of ontologybased authoring tools for Computer Based Training (CBT) systems. It has two major advantages as follows.  

E-print Network

­based authoring tools for Computer Based Training (CBT) systems. It has two major advantages as follows. (A Training (CBT) systems. Task Ontology Makes It Easier To Use Authoring Tools Mitsuru Ikeda, Kazuhisa Seta

Mizoguchi, Riichiro

38

DOE contractor radiation safety CBT (computer based training) course  

SciTech Connect

Westinghouse Hanford Company developed a generic Radiation Worker safety CBT course for Department of Energy contractors. Task analysis concentrated on actual and potential tasks and included visits to fourteen different contractor sites. Team Design and Prototype verification formed the major portion of the development phase. Lesson entry was accomplished using the WISE author system from WICAT Systems, Inc. The course features graded task simulations for both Pretest and Final; fourteen Topics in five Lessons, each Topic keyed to ''Critical Acts'' and Questions in the Pretest and Final; Automatic, Intensive, and Manual modes of instruction available for each Lesson; Practical Problems and Sample Questions associated with each Topic; and provisions for local configuration in several areas. The course is deliverable on IBM PC compatible equipment. 2 refs.

Gardner, P.R.

1986-01-01

39

The CBT Decade: Teaching for Flexibility and Adaptability. An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contribution of competency-based training (CBT) to the development of an adaptable and flexible workforce was examined by analyzing documents and gathering data from teachers, industry representatives, enterprises, and students in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan sites in two Australian states: Victoria and Queensland. The study focused on…

Billett, Stephen; McKavanagh, Charlie; Beven, Fred; Angus, Lawrence; Seddon, Terri; Gough, John; Hayes, Sharon; Robertson, Ian

40

Competency-Based Training: An Assessment of Its Strengths and Weaknesses by New South Wales Vocational Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 72 New South Wales vocational teachers revealed that competency-based training has created perceived pressures to pass students, is difficult to implement with limited resources, encourages modularization, and is hampered by unsatisfactory assessment and standards. Over 61% of the teachers felt that it has hindered or severely hindered…

Cornford, Ian R.

1997-01-01

41

Investigating training, transfer and viewpoint effects resulting from recurrent CBT of X-Ray image interpretation  

Microsoft Academic Search

X-ray screening of passenger bags is an essential task at airport security checkpoints. In this study we investigated how\\u000a well airport security screeners can detect guns, knives, improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and other threat objects in X-ray\\u000a images of passenger bags before and after 3 and 6 months of recurrent (about 20 min per week) computer-based training (CBT).\\u000a Two experiments

Saskia M. Koller; Diana Hardmeier; Stefan Michel; Adrian Schwaninger

2008-01-01

42

Special Study Institute Report: Competency Based Training Criteria for Special Class Teachers. An Alternative Approach to Manpower Development; Guidelines for Special Education and Teacher Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The special study institute report proposed an alternative approach to manpower development guidelines for special education and teacher training programs which centered on the development of measurable competency based training criteria for special class teachers. Briefly reviewed are the background, planning, and design of the institute.…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Div. of Special Education.

43

Workshop-based Training in Trauma-focused CBT: An In-depth Analysis of Impact on Provider Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite evidence that more intensive methods are more effective, many clinical settings continue to train practitioners using\\u000a workshops. To more fully understand the strengths and limitations of workshops, the present investigation studied changes\\u000a in practitioner behavior following a workshop in trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT). A chart review indicated\\u000a no changes in TF-CBT use following the training, although therapists indicated that

Amanda Jensen-Doss; Karen J. Cusack; Michael A. de Arellano

2008-01-01

44

Where does CBT (computer-based training) fit in, now that we know so much. A front end analysis study  

SciTech Connect

Computer-based training (CBT) has now been in existence for over two decades. It has been implemented in both the private sector and government organizations at an exponential rate. Nevertheless, many institutions, particularly educational institutions, have not yet introduced CBT. Our knowledge of what works and what does not, as well as hardware and software advances, has greatly increased in the past few years. This paper addresses many management considerations with respect to CBT. First, we consider the generic environment in which CBT might be used and then issues that affect costs and benefits, including lessons learned by the Cognitive Engineering Design and Research Team (CEDAR) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory in its assessments. The final section gives some ''how-to'' guidelines on increasing the probability of successfully introducing CBT into the training environment. The underlying theme of the paper is that management should be guided by what we now know about costs and benefits in its decisions regarding CBT and fight the lure of ''high tech'' glitter.

Andrews, A.E.; Trainor, M.S.

1987-01-01

45

Effects of a competency-based professional development training on children's physical activity and staff physical activity promotion in summer day camps.  

PubMed

The YMCA of the USA serves more than nine million youth in its summer day camping programs nationwide. In spring 2011, the YMCA of Columbia, SC, with support from the University of South Carolina, adopted a competency-based staff-level training approach in an attempt to align staff behaviors with the YMCA of the USA new physical activity standards for summer camp programs. This chapter presents findings from a multiyear evaluation of a competency-based training approach using a single group design with preassessments and multiple postassessments. Training consisted of participatory exercises and video demonstrations. Data on staff physical activity promotion behaviors were collected using SOSPAN, an instrument that utilizes momentary time sampling to record instances of staff physical activity promotion behaviors consistent with physical activity standards. This chapter describes how a competency-based professional development training may be effective at increasing physical activity promoting and decreasing physical activity discouraging staff behaviors and related child activity levels. PMID:25530241

Weaver, R Glenn; Beets, Michael W; Turner-McGrievy, Gabrielle; Webster, Collin A; Moore, Justin

2014-01-01

46

A Randomized Clinical Trial of Transdiagnostic CBT for Anxiety Disorder by Comparison to Relaxation Training  

PubMed Central

Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders have been gaining increased attention and empirical study in recent years. Despite this, all of the research on transdiagnostic anxiety treatments to date have either not used a control condition, or have relied on no-treatment or delayed-treatment controls, thus limiting inferences about comparative efficacy. The current study was a randomized clinical trial examining the efficacy of a 12-week transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral group treatment in comparison to a 12-week comprehensive relaxation training program. Results from 87 treatment initiators suggested significant and statistically equivalent/non-inferior outcomes across conditions, although relaxation was associated with a greater rate of dropout despite no differences in treatment credibility. No evidence was found for any differential effects of transdiagnostic CBT for any primary or comorbid diagnoses. PMID:22697440

Norton, Peter J.

2012-01-01

47

Eight Competency-Based Modules for Training Paraprofessionals in Applied Gerontology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These modules are intended as a guide for developing short-term training workshops for paraprofessional service providers in aging. They are for use by trainers with some basic familiarity with the topic; use of teams of educators and practitioners as trainers is suggested to bridge the gap between knowledge and practice. A section on "Training

Elgin Community Coll., IL.

48

Designing a Competency-Based New County Extension Personnel Training Program: A Novel Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary county personnel turnover occurs for a multitude of reasons, including the lack of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and job embeddedness and lack of proper training. Loss of personnel can be costly both economically and in terms of human capital. Retention of Extension professionals can be improved through proper training or…

Brodeur, Cheri Winton; Higgins, Cynthia; Galindo-Gonzalez, Sebastian; Craig, Diane D.; Haile, Tyann

2011-01-01

49

CD-ROM (compact disc-read only memory): A delivery medium for CBT (computer-based training)  

SciTech Connect

Computer-based training (CBT) development has evolved from electronic page turners to a sophisticated instructional environment. The use of numerous large image files, large digital audio files, and complex computer-generated graphics files places great demands on a system's capacity for binary storage (disk space). One solution is the use of compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM). The explosive growth of CD-ROM players in the marketplace makes CD-ROM a viable delivery medium for CBT. Recently, a CBT package for radiation protection technicians at Los Alamos National Laboratory was produced on CD-ROM. The course is delivered on a multimedia system consisting of the following: MS DOS-based computer, CD-ROM player, high-resolution video graphics array monitor, scanned color images with graphic overlays, digital audio, and mouse interface. This paper will allow the reader to assess the appropriateness of CD-ROM for a specific project, report on lessons learned from the RPT project, demonstrate that CD-ROM is within reach of the average CBT developer, and provide guidelines for successfully developing CD-ROM based CBT. This paper can serve as a basic primer on how to adapt CD-ROM as a CBT medium. Some of the technical aspects that are discussed are listed here: CD-ROM basics for CBT development, availability of low-cost development environments, file organization, optimization of CD-ROM response times, effective use of digital audio and still frame graphics, and animation with CD-ROM.

Luettgen, A.L.; Houghton, F.K.; Andrews, A.E.

1991-01-01

50

Developing a Competence-Based Addiction Medicine Curriculum in Indonesia: The Training Needs Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indonesia has one of the fastest growing, injecting drugs user-driven, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemics in Asia. Coverage of needle and syringe programs (NSPs), opioid substitution therapy (OST), and antiretroviral treatment (ART) is increasing, but is still low, whereas professional training in addiction medicine is not yet…

Pinxten, W. J. L.; De Jong, C.; Hidayat, T.; Istiqomah, A. N.; Achmad, Y. M.; Raya, R. P.; Norviatin, D.; Siregar, I. M. P.

2011-01-01

51

LINKS from Learning to Life. Competency-Based Skill Integration Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The resource manual was developed by a staff development project that trained both paid staff and volunteer tutors to integrate CASAS (Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System) as an assessment and curriculum tool. It is designed to assist tutors in linking task and skill competencies. The manual begins with an overview of assessment and…

Roth, Cathy

52

Nutrition in the Early Childhood Setting: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to provide the CDA intern with knowledge of how to use nutrition information with children and parents, as well as how to structure and carry out a nutrition program, including mealtime and food preparation activities. Objectives are presented along with suggested activities…

Terrell, Ann

53

Health and Safety: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to help the CDA intern develop the knowledge and skills necessary to provide a safe and healthy environment for preschool children. Objectives are stipulated and activities for each objective are suggested. The importance of protecting young children is explained. Practical…

Migliaro, Ann

54

Effects of a Competency-Based Professional Development Training on Children's Physical Activity and Staff Physical Activity Promotion in Summer Day Camps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The YMCA of the USA serves more than nine million youth in its summer day camping programs nationwide. In spring 2011, the YMCA of Columbia, SC, with support from the University of South Carolina, adopted a competency-based staff-level training approach in an attempt to align staff behaviors with the YMCA of the USA new physical activity standards…

Weaver, R. Glenn; Beets, Michael W.; Turner-McGrievy, Gabrielle; Webster, Collin A.; Moore, Justin

2014-01-01

55

A Bermuda Triangle? A Case Study of the Disappearance of Competence?based Vocational Training Policy in the Context of Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports some findings from an ESRC funded project on the implementation of National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) and competence?based vocational training. The theoretical perspective is informed by interactionist traditions within the sociology of education which bear witness to the importance of ethnographic work on policy implementation in order to explore social contexts and meanings at this level. The paper

Inge Bates; Judith Dutson

1995-01-01

56

The Road Map to Preparedness: A Competency-Based Approach to All-Hazards Emergency Readiness Training for the Public Health Workforce  

Microsoft Academic Search

a SYNOPSIS Facing limited time and budgetary resources, state and local health departments need a practical, competency-based training approach to meet the all-hazards readiness requirements of their employees. The Road Map to Preparedness is a training tool designed to assist health departments in providing comprehensive, agency-tailored readiness instruction to their employees. This tool uses an incen- tive-based, game-like, experiential learning

Cindy L. Parker; Daniel J. Barnett; Ayanna L. Fews; David Blodgett; Jonathan M. Links

57

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Supervise Vocational Education Personnel. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on supervising vocational education personnel is one of six competency-based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It focuses upon the relationships among student learning, teacher performance, teacher motivation, and the effects of the supervisor's behavior on…

Hobart, Barry; And Others

58

Evaluate Staff Performance. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to evaluate staff performance, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview with objectives and required and optional learning activities.…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

59

Direct Curriculum Development. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to direct the curriculum development process, this competency-based module contains an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience consists of an overview, required and optional learning activities, a self-check…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

60

Prepare Vocational Education Budgets. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to prepare vocational education budgets, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and four sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview with objectives and required and optional learning…

Greer, David R.; And Others

61

Direct Program Evaluation. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with background information and hands-on experiences for acquiring the skills necessary to direct a program evaluation, this competency-based learning module contains an introduction and four sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience consists of an overview,…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

62

Competence-Based Training, Vocational Qualifications and Learning Targets: Some Lessons for the Learning and Skills Council.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the status of National and Scottish Vocational Qualifications in the United Kingdom in terms of employer acceptance, role in company training, employee participation, small business usage, and overall employer investment in training. Considers the implications of concerns about the system for the learning targets to be achieved by the new…

Matlay, Harry; Addis, Mark

2002-01-01

63

Providing competency-based family medicine residency training in substance abuse in the new millennium: a model curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This article, developed for the Betty Ford Institute Consensus Conference on Graduate Medical Education (December, 2008), presents a model curriculum for Family Medicine residency training in substance abuse. METHODS: The authors reviewed reports of past Family Medicine curriculum development efforts, previously-identified barriers to education in high risk substance use, approaches to overcoming these barriers, and current training guidelines of

J Paul Seale; Sylvia Shellenberger; Denice Crowe Clark

2010-01-01

64

The Road Map to Preparedness: a competency-based approach to all-hazards emergency readiness training for the public health workforce.  

PubMed

Facing limited time and budgetary resources, state and local health departments need a practical, competency-based training approach to meet the all-hazards readiness requirements of their employees. The Road Map to Preparedness is a training tool designed to assist health departments in providing comprehensive, agency-tailored readiness instruction to their employees. This tool uses an incentive-based, game-like, experiential learning approach to meet the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's nine core competencies for all public health workers while facilitating public health employees' understanding and acceptance of their emergency response roles. A corresponding evaluation tool, the Road Map to Preparedness Evaluation, yields metrically-driven assessments of public health employee readiness competencies. Since its pilot in 2003, the Road Map to Preparedness has met with enthusiastic response from participating health departments in the mid-Atlantic region. In addition to its public health impact, the Road Map offers future promise as a tool to assist organizational emergency response training in private sector and non-public health first-responder agency settings. PMID:16224983

Parker, Cindy L; Barnett, Daniel J; Fews, Ayanna L; Blodgett, David; Links, Jonathan M

2005-01-01

65

Early Childhood/CDA Learning Modules: A Competency-Based Training Program for Classroom Personnel in Preschool Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual for early childhood CDA candidates provides 21 learning modules on the following subjects: field trips, books, parent involvement, setting up the classroom, the role of play, creative expression (art), preschool science, cooking, self-image, large motor development, speaking and listening skills, daily program planning, small…

Beaty, Janice J.

66

Giving Credit where Credit Is Due: Creating a Competency-Based Qualifications Framework for Postsecondary Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national goal of increasing postsecondary credentials, to improve both equity and economic competitiveness, requires a fresh look at how to recognize learning in noncredit workforce education and training. The credit hour has long been the standard academic currency in postsecondary education. Despite its weakness as a measure of learning, in…

Ganzglass, Evelyn; Bird, Keith; Prince, Heath

2011-01-01

67

Training of Geriatric Mental Health Providers in CBT Interventions for Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

With an increasingly wide range of mental health professionals working with older populations, the need for training in effective\\u000a intervention strategies for this population is growing. While the literature describing theoretical developments in intervention\\u000a strategies and controlled trials demonstrating efficacy with respect to older cohorts are on the rise, there is a lack of\\u000a focus on the underpinnings of effective

Nancy A. Pachana; Bob Knight; Michele J. Karel; Judith S. Beck

68

Competency-Based Adult Basic Education Manual for Level I (0-4.9) and Level II (5-8). A Training Manual for CBABE Instruction and Program Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual was developed as a source of information about Competency-Based Adult Basic Education (CBABE) for administrators, counselors, and teachers involved in the implementation of a CBABE program. After section I provides an introduction to Brevard Community College's development of CBABE curricula, section II explains the purposes…

Singer, Elizabeth; And Others

69

Drafting. Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency based drafting curriculum is presented in seven specialization sections with units in each section containing a competency statement, performance objective, learning activities, evaluation, and quiz or problem sheets. Some units also contain answer sheets and/or handout sheets. Sections and number of units presented are (1) basic…

Everly, Al; And Others

70

Promote the Vocational Education Program. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice administrators with the skills necessary to select appropriate program development and implementation, and monitor and evaluate their success, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and four sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview, required and…

Quinn, Karen M.; And Others

71

Provide a Staff Development Program. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to establish and/or facilitate implementation of a staff development program, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview, required and…

Miller-Beach, Audni; And Others

72

Manage the Purchase of Equipment, Supplies, and Insurance. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to manage purchase of equipment, supplies, and insurance, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and four sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview with objectives and required and…

Greer, David R.; And Others

73

Guide the Development and Improvement of Instruction. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to guide the development and improvement of instruction, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview, required and optional learning…

Quinn, Karen M.; And Others

74

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Develop Local Plans for Vocational Education: Part I. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on developing local plans for vocational education (Part I) is one of six competency-based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It reviews legislative requirements for planning and discusses the role of the vocational administrator and other key personnel in the…

Norton, Robert E.; And Others

75

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Establish a Student Placement Service and Coordinate Follow-up Studies. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on establishing a student placement service and coordinating follow-up studies is one of six competency based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It discusses the rationale and objectives for a school-based placement service. Topics discussed include assessing…

Ross, Kristy L.; And Others

76

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Organize and Work with a Local Vocational Education Advisory Council. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on organizing and working with a local advisory council is one of six competency-based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It provides a step-by-step approach to organizing a local advisory council, including gaining board of education approval and developing and…

Ross, Kristy L.; And Others

77

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Appraise the Personnel Development Needs of Vocational Teachers. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on appraising the personnel development needs of vocational teachers is one of six competency based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It reviews the type of observable classroom and laboratory competencies a teacher should possess, the concepts and principles…

Hobart, Barry; And Others

78

Manage Vocational Buildings and Equipment. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to manage vocational buildings and equipment, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and six sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview with objectives and required and optional…

Greer, David R.; And Others

79

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Develop Local Plans for Vocational Education: Part II. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on developing local plans for vocational education (Part II) is one of six competency-based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It focuses on the last five steps of the comprehensive "Vocational Education Program Planning Model" presented in Part I (CE 016 511).…

Norton, Robert E.; And Others

80

Manage Student Recruitment and Admissions. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to manage student recruitment and admissions, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Topics covered in the first learning experience include developing a hypothetical recruitment…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

81

Competency Based Education: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography is a sampling of the types of publications which have appeared recently on the subject of competency based education. Emphasis is given to current (1970-76) materials and to adult career-related competencies. Titles specifically naming some phase of competency-based education are preferred above titles that emphasize performance,…

Cox, Helen, Ed.

82

Competency-Based Accounting Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how the proposed model (an individualized competency based learning system) can be used effectively to produce a course in accounting principles which adapts to different entering competencies and to different rates and styles of learning. (TA)

Graham, John E.

1977-01-01

83

Statewide CBT Training for Clinicians and Supervisors Treating Youth: The New York State Evidence Based Treatment Dissemination Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, several states have undertaken efforts to disseminate evidence-based treatments to agencies and clinicians in their children's service system. In New York, the Evidence Based Treatment Dissemination Center adopted a unique translation-based training and consultation model in which an initial 3-day training was combined with a year…

Gleacher, Alissa A.; Nadeem, Erum; Moy, Amanda J.; Whited, Andria L.; Albano, Anne Marie; Radigan, Marleen; Wang, Rui; Chassman, Janet; Myrhol-Clarke, Britt; Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton

2011-01-01

84

Evaluation of CBT for increasing threat detection performance in X-ray screening  

E-print Network

Evaluation of CBT for increasing threat detection performance in X-ray screening A. Schwaninger & F is applied to measure training effects resulting from individually adaptive computer based training (CBT). We suggesting that CBT is a very effective tool for increasing effectiveness and efficiency in aviation security

85

Competency-Based Adult Education: A Guide to Classroom Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a 310 Special Demonstration and Teacher Training Project undertaken at Brevard Community College in 1984-85, this training guide for new Competency-Based Adult Education (CBAE) teachers offers information on the CBAE concept, individualized instruction, selection of instructional materials, student orientation, and procedures.…

Guglielmino, Lucy M.; And Others

86

Competency-Based Horticulture: Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program in floriculture. It contains a master resource list, a listing of floriculture resources available from various states, and 89 competency task sheets organized into nine competency areas. These…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

87

Competency-Based Horticulture. Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of two competency-based horticulture curriculum guides developed by an Illinois project, this Floriculture guide provides the classroom teacher with specific tasks determined by state industry personnel to be necessary for entry-level job placement. It is intended for horticulture education at the senior high school and two year college level.…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

88

Competency Based Refresher Nurse Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based course is designed to update the skills and knowledge of inactive nurses desiring to return to active practice. Focus of the course is on organizing and managing patient care using the nursing process; performing nursing procedures, including medication administration; and reintegrating oneself into the professional…

Lombardo, Mary C.

89

Competency Based Assessment: An Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review outlines the assessment activities for competency based education (CBE) in five different disciplines in higher education, and discusses two approaches to assessment in programs leading to degrees in library science and media. Assessment efforts in CBE programs relating to library science and media are emphasized in order to…

McNamara, James E.

90

Competency-Based Behavioral Interviewing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Directors too often rely primarily on their hunches to guide them in employee selection. But what if their hunches are only 30 percent correct? Potentially, one bad hire could be responsible for a noticeable decrease in enrollment and, as a result, the school's net revenue. In this article, the author discusses the Competency-Based Behavioral…

Garrigues, Sarah M.

2012-01-01

91

Working towards Best Practice in Assessment. A Case Study Approach to Some Issues Concerning Competency-Based Assessment in the Vocational Education and Training Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between July and November 1993, a cross-section of Australia's school- and workplace-based vocational education and training programs was studied to identify programs using innovative assessment strategies and materials. As innovative strategies/materials were identified, the study methodology was revised and a case study approach was adopted. The…

Bloch, Barbara; Thomson, Peter

92

A Bermuda Triangle? A Case Study of the Disappearance of Competence-Based Vocational Training Policy in the Context of Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observations of job training of special needs students were analyzed in terms of operational demands, staffing levels, resources, and trainee interaction. The competence approach often disappeared in the face of more pressing concerns; it serves to legitimate a political response rather than solve an educational problem. (SK)

Bates, Inge; Dutson, Judith

1995-01-01

93

Instructional Design Considerations in Converting Non-CBT Materials into CBT Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional designers who are asked to convert existing training materials into computer-based training (CBT) must take special precautions to avoid making the product into a sophisticated page turner. Although conversion may save considerable time on subject research and analysis, courses to be delivered through microcomputers may require…

Ng, Raymond

94

Moroccan Arabic: A Competency Based Curriculum, Beginning & Intermediate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The textbook in introductory and intermediate Moroccan Arabic is designed for the language and cultural training of Peace Corps volunteers in Morocco and is intended for both teacher and student use. The contents and design are based on a competency-based curriculum model. An introductory section presents general principles for use of Arabic…

Peace Corps, Rabat (Morocco).

95

The Grade Debate. Should We Grade Competency-Based Assessment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent of and attitudes toward competency-based assessment in Australia's technical and further education (TAFE) sector were examined in a five-phase study that included the following activities: preliminary literature review and structured interviews with individuals/groups selected for their expertise in training in public and private…

Thomson, Peter; And Others

96

Competency Based Curriculum for Clothing Services and Production Sewing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to meet individual needs and learning levels of high school and postsecondary students enrolled in vocational training for occupations in clothing services and production sewing, this competency-based curriculum teaches skills in alterations, dressmaking, and power sewing machine operations. Skills are organized into 13 units: Awareness…

Blake, Charlotte

97

MADE 2. Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of three competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: job orientation (personal appearance, job opportunities, job interviews, basic skills, training plans, legal requirements, and…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

98

More Power to the Executive? A Preliminary Test of CBT plus Executive Skills Training for Treatment of Late-Life GAD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hypothesized reason for the lower rates of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) response among older as compared to younger anxiety patients is that they are more likely to show age-related deficits in executive skills, which are complex cognitive skills involved in the regulation of negative affect. Following an 8-week baseline period, this pilot…

Mohlman, Jan

2008-01-01

99

A Competency-Based System for Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet of competency-based instructional materials was developed for use in all sections of North Shore Community College's developmental composition course. Introductory material traces the development of the competency-based system at the college, which stemmed from a need for a more consistent approach in the composition classes. Next, the…

Lewis, Nancy; Sbaratta, Philip

100

Competency-Based Adult Education: Florida Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of program materials serves as an introduction to Florida's Brevard Community College's (BCC's) Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Project, a multi-year project designed to teach adult administrators, counselors, and teachers how to organize and implement a competency-based adult education (CBAE) program; to critique…

Singer, Elizabeth

101

A Conceptual Design Model for CBT Development: A NATO Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CBT (computer-based training) can benefit from the modern multimedia tools combined with network capabilities to overcame traditional education. The objective of this paper is focused on CBT development to improve strategic decision-making with regard to air command and control system for NATO staff in virtual environment. A conceptual design for…

Kok, Ayse

2014-01-01

102

Engagement in Trauma-Specific CBT for Youth Post-9/11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Treatment participation was examined among youth enrolled in an evaluation of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for trauma following the 9/11 World Trade Center disaster. Staff at nine agencies serving a predominantly low-income, ethnically diverse population were trained to deliver CBT and structured engagement strategies. A total of 445 youth…

Rodriguez, James; Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton; Gopalan, Geetha; Olin, Serene; McKay, Mary M.; Marcus, Sue M.; Radigan, Marleen; Chung, Michelle; Legerski, Joanna

2013-01-01

103

Evaluation of the Sustainability and Clinical Outcome of Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) in a Child Protection Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the sustainability and outcome of Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) as delivered by practitioners in a community-based child protection program who had received training in the model several years earlier. Formerly described as Abuse-Focused CBT, AF-CBT is an evidence-based treatment (EBT) for…

Kolko, David J.; Iselin, Anne-Marie R.; Gully, Kevin J.

2011-01-01

104

Competence-Based Blended Learning in Building Automation: Towards a EU Curriculum in "Domotica"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competence-based approach was applied to a blended learning on line distance training in the Euroinno EU project aimed at vocational training in building automation. The current paper describes the experience gathered during the learning process and the definition of the curriculum. A number of issues emerged during the sessions concerning…

Sommaruga, L.; De Angelis, E.

2007-01-01

105

Not Just Falling over the Line? A Snapshot of Competency-Based Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of competency-based assessment (CBA) under Australia's National Training Framework was evaluated to provide indicators for improvement in CBA policy and practice. The evaluation included three data collection activities: a survey of 258 teachers, trainers, and assessors (response rate, 43%); a survey of 68 Industry Training

Dickson, Michelle; Bloch, Barbara

106

Competency-Based Teacher Education: A Scenario.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fictitious scenario embodies all the characteristics and dimensions for a fully developed competency-based teacher education program envisioned by the authors. A single program and its implications for students, faculty, and the institution are presented. Specific areas of the program covered 1) a fundamental description of the competency…

Weber, Wilford A.; Cooper, James M.

107

Competency-Based Early Childhood Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the competency-based early childhood preservice program at Iowa's Mount Mercy College, which is for people working with children from birth through age 8, including children with special needs. Program content encompasses five competency areas: child growth and development; developmentally appropriate learning; health, safety,…

Rosberg, Merilee

108

Machine Trades. A Competency Based Articulated Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a competency-based curriculum guide designed to promote articulation in machine trades vocational education programs between and among secondary and postsecondary institutions in the Indian Hills Community College and Merged Area XV high schools in Iowa. The guide is organized in 11 sections. The first six sections provide…

Mein, Jake; And Others

109

Building Construction. Competency-Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed and field-tested over a 2-year period by vocational teachers in West Virginia, this competency-based building construction curriculum contains five units of study: Safety, form carpentry, carpentry, masonry, and plumbing. Each unit is subdivided into several competencies, and for each competency taught the performance objectives,…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

110

Masonry: Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These task analyses are designed to be used in combination with the "Trade and Industrial Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the masonry program in Virginia. The task analysis document contains the task inventory, suggested task sequence lists, and content outlines for the secondary courses Masonry…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

111

Masonry. Teacher's Guide. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the competency based masonry student materials (see note). It is intended for use as a reference and aid in implementing the curriculum. The guide includes these sections: Identification and Validation of Job Titles and Competencies, Functions of the Developmental Committee, Program Organization…

Long, Diana

112

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use at Eastern Illinois University in a model curriculum designed to prepare secondary school teachers in the field of residential building, this curriculum guide provides a competency-based preservice construction trades program. The guide is divided into thirteen units as follows: (1) pre-construction planning; (2) structural…

Nelms, Howard F.

113

Some Issues Concerning Competency Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discussion in this paper resulted from a questionnaire administered to students at a graduate seminar on Competency Based Teacher Education held at the University of Houston in 1973. The following topics are discussed: (a) the role of CBTE in society; (b) the nature of competencies; (c) individualizing and personalizing to meet student needs;…

Daigle, Mary; Molina, Norma

114

Prevocational Exploration Guidance. Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum for prevocational exploration in West Virginia provides experiences at grades 9 and 10 related to exploring careers and educational programs for those careers. The guidance units are designed to assist the counselor in providing activities that relate to ongoing hands-on activities in prevocational business,…

Harrington, Fred; And Others

115

Competency Based Vocational Education Workshop Facilitators Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workshop facilitator's guide is designed to inform professional staff about competency-based vocational education (CBVE) to help eligible persons on public assistance acquire competencies necessary for gainful employment in the following occupational areas: airline reservations and travel services; computer applications; dental care;…

Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Michigan Center for Career and Technical Education.

116

Competence-Based Education for Adult Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses competency-based education and its implications for lifelong learners. Describes the program at Alverno College, the Metropolitan Area Nursing Education Consortium, and the Personalized Learning and Teaching Opportunity (PLATO) program, focusing on the favorable response of adults to the self-discipline required and evidence of an…

Hayenga, E. Sharon; Isaacson, Hope B.

1980-01-01

117

Portable color multimedia training systems based on monochrome laptop computers (CBT-in-a-briefcase), with spinoff implications for video uplink and downlink in spaceflight operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes efforts to use digital motion video compression technology to develop a highly portable device that would convert 1990-91 era IBM-compatible and/or MacIntosh notebook computers into full-color, motion-video capable multimedia training systems. An architecture was conceived that would permit direct conversion of existing laser-disk-based multimedia courses with little or no reauthoring. The project did not physically demonstrate certain critical video keying techniques, but their implementation should be feasible. This investigation of digital motion video has spawned two significant spaceflight projects at MSFC: one to downlink multiple high-quality video signals from Spacelab, and the other to uplink videoconference-quality video in realtime and high quality video off-line, plus investigate interactive, multimedia-based techniques for enhancing onboard science operations. Other airborne or spaceborne spinoffs are possible.

Scott, D. W.

1994-01-01

118

A competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge using the Essential Bronchoscopist: An initial concept study  

PubMed Central

Background and objective Competency-based training and assessment are increasingly replacing the traditional structure- and process-based model of medical education. The web-based Essential Bronchoscopist (EB) is an open access, laddered, competency-based curriculum of question-answer sets pertaining to basic bronchoscopic knowledge, accessible in five languages. The purpose of this study was to use consensus to evaluate whether question-answer sets (items) from the EB could provide material from which to devise competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge that could be used in countries with different health-care environments. Methods Ten junior and five senior bronchoscopists in Argentina and the USA were asked to identify the material in each of the 186 items of the EB as either ‘not necessary’, ‘necessary’ or ‘absolutely necessary’ for inclusion in a competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge. The kappa statistic was used to analyse inter-rater agreement. Results More than 80% of the 30 participants rated 150 of 186 items as necessary or absolutely necessary. Seventy items were rated as absolutely necessary by more than 50% of participants and as necessary or absolutely necessary by more than 90%. There was no statistically significant difference between items selected, based on level of training or environment of practice. Conclusion Consensus among junior and senior bronchoscopists from two culturally different health-care environments demonstrated that question-answer sets from the EB can be used to provide material for competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge. PMID:18713095

DAVOUDI, Mohsen; QUADRELLI, Silvia; OSANN, Kathryn; COLT, Henri G.

2014-01-01

119

An Analysis of the Competency-Based Secondary Mathematics Curriculum in Sri Lanka  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In education, there is a growing interest in the concept of "competency" especially in vocational training and professional development. The concept is strongly associated with the ability to apply knowledge and skills in effective ways in unanticipated situations. In Sri Lanka, a new competency-based mathematics curriculum was…

Egodawatte, Gunawardena

2014-01-01

120

Developing a Competency-Based Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The CompHP Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion was developed as part of the CompHP Project that aimed to develop competency-based standards and an accreditation system for health promotion practice, education, and training in Europe. Method: A phased, multiple-method approach was employed to facilitate consensus…

Battel-Kirk, Barbara; Van der Zanden, Gerard; Schipperen, Marielle; Contu, Paolo; Gallardo, Carmen; Martinez, Ana; Garcia de Sola, Silvia; Sotgiu, Alessandra; Zaagsma, Miriam; Barry, Margaret M.

2012-01-01

121

The Impact of CBT and ACT Models Using Psychology Trainee TherapistsA Preliminary Controlled Effectiveness Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study compares the impact of individualized treatment provided by trainee therapists based on a traditional cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) model. Fourteen therapists were given initial training in CBT and ACT. Outpatients (N = 28) were randomized to either approach, with each therapist treating one client within each model, linked to a functional

Raimo Lappalainen; Tuula Lehtonen; Eerika Skarp; Eija Taubert; Markku Ojanen; Steven C. Hayes

2007-01-01

122

Investigating the relationship between competence and patient outcome with CBT.  

PubMed

Little is understood about the relationship between therapist competence and the outcome of patients treated for common mental health disorders. Understanding the relationship between competence and patient outcome is of fundamental importance to the dissemination and implementation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). The current study extends existing literature by exploring the relationship between CBT competence and patient outcome in routine clinical practice within the framework of the British Government's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme. Participants comprised 43 therapists treating 1247 patients over a training period of one year. Results found little support of a general association between CBT competence and patient outcome; however significantly more patients of the most competent therapists demonstrated a reliable improvement in their symptoms of anxiety than would be expected by chance alone, and fewer experienced no reliable change. Conversely, significantly more patients treated by the least competent therapists experienced a reliable deterioration in their symptoms than would be expected. The implications of these results for the dissemination and implementation of CBT are discussed. PMID:25791437

Branson, Amanda; Shafran, Roz; Myles, Pamela

2015-05-01

123

Aspects of Competence-Based Education as Footholds to Improve the Connectivity Between Learning in School and in the Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in competence-based education have motivated institutions of vocational education and training (VET) to\\u000a improve the links or connectivity between learning in school and learning in the workplace, which has been a problem for decades.\\u000a In previous research, a theoretical framework describing the underlying aspects of competence-based education was developed.\\u000a In this study, three aspects of this framework were

Renate Wesselink; Cees de Jong; Harm J. A. Biemans

2010-01-01

124

CBT-I SEMINAR SO... HOW TO GET FROM  

E-print Network

CBT-I SEMINAR TO SO... HOW TO GET FROM HERE HERE #12;CBT-I SEMINAR FOLLOW UP STEPS INCLUDE CONDUCT CONSIDER JOINING THE AASM SEE THE MOVIE(S) CONSIDER JOINING THE SBSM #12;CBT-I SEMINAR READ MORE BROADLY #12;CBT-I SEMINAR READ MORE BROADLY #12;CBT-I SEMINAR READ MORE BROADLY www

Bushman, Frederic

125

A CBT Approach to Inpatient Psychiatric Hospitalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a psychiatric hospitalization of 5 to 10 days, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) strategies can be used for the management of inpatients and to support the transition to outpatient treatment. This format was chosen after several years of frustration dealing with crisis inpatient care. The use of CBT is well known, and it seemed that an…

Masters, Kim J.

2005-01-01

126

Cyber Security Training and Awareness Through Game Play  

E-print Network

-based training (CBT). To supplement other IA directives [3, 4], in 2004, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD instructed to com- plete a DOD IA awareness CBT. The CBT is a web-enabled slide presentation. It is trivial and awareness problem. CBT offers the user the flexi- bility of self-paced tra

Irvine, Cynthia E.

127

Assessment to Transform Competency-based Curricula  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model. PMID:20221351

Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A.

2009-01-01

128

Mandated Competency-Based Teacher Certification and the Public Interest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to the current lack of an empirical basis for competency-based teacher certification, Georgia has mandated studies leading to the establishment of empirical criteria. In the Carroll County Competency-Based Teacher Certification Project, the instructional behaviors of some 60 certified teachers and the classroom behaviors of the…

Spaulding, Robert L.

129

Competency-Based Major for Nurse's Expanding Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-year project was conducted to develop a competency-based college major aimed at preparing contemporary nurses, both basic preservice and degree completion R.N.'s to deliver family-centered care in acute settings or community health settings. The competency-based major was developed using a conceptual framework that introduces…

O'Neill, Noreen C.

130

Must We Bother with Competency-Based Teacher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic issue of competency-based teacher education (CBTE) is presented. Characteristics of the groups (new occult and old ostrich) representing the two extreme positions are identified. The magnitude of the CBTE movement at the national, state, and institutional level is assessed. States possessing competency-based certification requirements…

Riechard, Donald E.

1976-01-01

131

Competency-Based Adult High School Curriculum Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of program materials serves as an introduction to and overview of Florida's Brevard Community College's (BCC's) Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Project, which was conducted to teach administrators, counselors, and teachers how to organize and implement a competency-based adult education (CBAE) program; to critique…

Singer, Elizabeth

132

Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF CBT) Consultation Calls  

E-print Network

Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF CBT) Consultation Calls Deepen your TF CBT practice the clinician is using TF-CBT, discussion of strategies to engage the child/adolescent and his/her caregiver, and ways to implement the TF-CBT components effectively. This is a proven method to help integrate practice

Qiu, Weigang

133

A new type of transistor: CBT  

Microsoft Academic Search

A transistor called the channel-base transistor (CBT), which is constructed by making channels through the base of the conventional bipolar junction transistors (BJTs), is proposed. In principle, a CBT can be treated as a combination of a BJT and a normally-off junction-type field-effect transistor (E-JFET). Silicon planer CBTs have been fabricated with BJTs on the same wafer for comparison. The

Bao-Wei Kang; Wei Zhao; Li-Min Dong; Yan Situ

1993-01-01

134

Treatment of bulimia nervosa: When CBT fails  

Microsoft Academic Search

Controlled studies have established manual-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the first-line treatment of choice for bulimia nervosa. Nevertheless, its effectiveness is limited. On average, only 50% of patients cease binge eating and purging. Of the remainder, some show partial improvement, whereas a small number derive no benefit at all. In treating nonresponders to CBT one option would be to use

G. Terence Wilson

1996-01-01

135

Evolutionary and competence-based theories of the firm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores evolutionary and competence-based theories of the firm. Evolutionary theories can be regarded as a subset of a wider class of theories, variously described as “capabilities”, “resource-based”, or “competence-based” theories of the firm. These contrast with a different set of contractarian theories, emanating largely from the work of Coase. It is argued that the contractarian theories of the

Geoffrey M. Hodgson

1998-01-01

136

Is Immediate Adjunctive CBT More Beneficial than Delayed CBT in Treating Depression?: A Pilot Study.  

PubMed

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an efficacious first-line therapy for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Due to the limited accessibility of CBT, long wait lists result in delayed treatment, which may affect treatment outcomes. The goal of this pilot study was to obtain preliminary data from a randomized controlled trial to determine whether delayed CBT reduces the effectiveness of the therapy compared to immediate CBT in patients with MDD receiving pharmacotherapy. Patients were randomized to receive immediate CBT (n=18) or to begin CBT after 6 months (n=20) and received 14 weekly sessions, followed by two additional booster sessions. During the active treatment months, patients in the immediate group demonstrated reductions in scores on the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) that were similar to those in the delayed CBT group. However, when the analysis was performed using only data from patients in the delayed group who were still in a depressive episode, there was an overall greater decrease in BDI-II scores in the immediate group vs. the delayed group over the active treatment months, but not specifically at the 6-month endpoint. These findings suggest delays in depression treatment, similar to what occurs with real-world wait list times, may not have a significant impact on the effectiveness of CBT in patients who are already receiving treatment as usual. However, such delays may affect the effectiveness of CBT in those patients who remain depressed during the time delay. A larger trial is necessary to confirm these findings. (Journal of Psychiatric Practice 2015;21:107-113). PMID:25782761

Rizvi, Sakina J; Zaretsky, Ari; Schaffer, Ayal; Levitt, Anthony

2015-03-01

137

Cognitive Bias Modification versus CBT in Reducing Adolescent Social Anxiety: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Social anxiety is a common mental disorder among adolescents and is associated with detrimental long term outcomes. Therefore, this study investigated the efficacy of two possible early interventions for adolescent social anxiety and test anxiety. An internet-based cognitive bias modification (CBM; n?=?86) was compared to a school-based cognitive behavioral group training (CBT; n?=?84) and a control group (n?=?70) in reducing symptoms of social and test anxiety in high socially and/or test anxious adolescents aged 13–15 years. Participants (n?=?240) were randomized at school level over the three conditions. CBM consisted of a 20-session at home internet-delivered training; CBT was a 10-session at school group training with homework assignments; the control group received no training. Participants were assessed before and after the intervention and at 6 and 12 month follow-up. At 6 month follow-up CBT resulted in lower social anxiety than the control condition, while for CBM, this effect was only trend-significant. At 12 month follow-up this initial benefit was no longer present. Test anxiety decreased more in the CBT condition relative to the control condition in both short and long term. Interestingly, in the long term, participants in the CBM condition improved more with regard to automatic threat-related associations than both other conditions. The results indicate that the interventions resulted in a faster decline of social anxiety symptoms, whereas the eventual end point of social anxiety was not affected. Test anxiety was influenced in the long term by the CBT intervention, and CBM lead to increased positive automatic threat-related associations. Trial Registration TrialRegister.nl NTR965 PMID:23691203

de Jong, Peter J.; Nauta, Maaike H.

2013-01-01

138

Core Based Trees (CBT) Multicast Routing Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

CBT is a multicast routing architecture that builds a single delivery tree per group which is shared by all of the group's senders and receivers. Most multicast algorithms build one multicast tree per sender (subnetwork), the tree being rooted at the sender's subnetwork. The primary advantage of the shared tree approach is that it typically offers more favourable scaling characteristics

A. Ballardie

1997-01-01

139

Characteristics and Components of the TADS CBT Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we describe the acute phase of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) developed for and utilized in the Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS). The acute phase of TADS CBT consists of 8 skills that were considered essential to any CBT intervention for adolescent depression (e.g., mood monitoring, increasing pleasant…

Rohde, Paul; Feeny, Norah C.; Robins, Michele

2005-01-01

140

Compact and Flexible Resolution of CBT Multicast Key-Distribution  

E-print Network

Compact and Flexible Resolution of CBT Multicast Key-Distribution Kanta Matsuura1, Yuliang Zheng2 communication among widely-distributed members, we can #12;nd a currently-leading approach based on a CBT (Core group-member joining process. In search of practical use of it, this paper #12;rst analyzes the CBT

Zheng, Yuliang

141

Advanced Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF CBT)  

E-print Network

Advanced Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF CBT) In collaboration with the National on supporting clinicians to build upon basic skills in implementing TF-CBT through interactive small group: incorporating gradual exposure into all TF-CBT components; developing the trauma narrative; implementing

Qiu, Weigang

142

Is internet-based CBT for panic disorder and agoraphobia as effective as face-to-face CBT?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared Panic Online (PO), an internet-based CBT intervention, to best-practice face-to-face CBT for people with panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Eighty-six people with a primary diagnosis of panic disorder were recruited from Victoria, Australia. Participants were randomly assigned to either PO (n=46) or best practice face-to-face CBT (n=40). Effects of the internet-based CBT program were found to

Litza A. Kiropoulos; Britt Klein; David W. Austin; Kathryn Gilson; Ciaran Pier; Joanna Mitchell; Lisa Ciechomski

2008-01-01

143

Competency Based Modular Experiments in Polymer Science and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a competency-based, modular laboratory course emphasizing the synthesis and characterization of polymers and directed toward senior undergraduate and/or first-year graduate students in science and engineering. One module, free-radical polymerization kinetics by dilatometry, is included as a sample. (CS)

Pearce, Eli M; And Others

1980-01-01

144

CNC Turning Technician. A Competency-Based Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum guide for instructing students in using computer numerically controlled (CNC) turning machines is one of a series of instructional guides for the machinist field developed in Oklahoma. Although developed jointly with Baxter Technologies Corporation and oriented toward the Baxter Vo-Tec 2000 Future Builder CNC…

Sloan, Kelly; Hilley, Robert

145

Competency-Based Behavioral Interviewing: How To Prepare and Win!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies derived from experience; skills; knowledge; values; or other distinguishing qualities and motivations can contribute to a person's job performance. Counselors can use competency-based behavioral interviewing to allow a candidate to demonstrate certain skills they have used in the workplace. By using such past experiences, an employer…

Beasley, Steven E.; Washington, Tom

146

Task Listing for Respiratory Therapy Assistant. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional task listing is designed to be used in combination with the "Health Occupations Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the respiratory therapy assistant program in Virginia. The task listing contains three major sections: (1) duty areas; (2) a program description; and (3) a content…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

147

Resource Guide to Competency-Based Vocational Education: Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide for classroom teachers contains annotations of resources representing recent instructional development in competency-based education for health occupations. It is also intended to assist curriculum specialists, administrators, and supervisors in development of performance-based instructional programs. The guide is divided into…

Foster, Phillip R., Comp.

148

Teacher's Guide for Competency Based Core Curriculum for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is intended to acompany the Competency Based Core Curriculum for Health Occupations student materials--see note. Contents include suggested tests and answer keys for student evaluation and a tool and equipment list. A comprehensive bibliography is organized into these topics: dental hygiene, medical laboratory technology,…

Meckley, Richard; And Others

149

Competency-Based Education: A Selected Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an annotated, selected bibliography on competency-based education. Items include books, book chapters, journal articles, conference papers, and ERIC documents, totaling 29 entries in all. The dates on the bulk of materials range from 1974 through 1977; however, a few older items are included. Materials deal with testing,…

Walonick, David

150

A Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some of the major issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The article summarizes a brief literature review on how competency models can be developed and implemented to improve employee performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized…

Gangani, Noordeen; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2006-01-01

151

Competency-Based Nursing Career Ladder Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An open-entry/open-exit competency-based nursing career ladder model was developed to demonstrate the articulation process from high school through licensed vocational nursing (LVN), associate degree nursing (ADN), and baccalaureate degree-level nursing (BSN) programs. The model was based on data obtained from a review of the literature on (1)…

Wilson, Janie Menchaca; And Others

152

Competency-Based Standards: A Boon for Continuing Professional Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professions take different approaches to competency-based continuing education: (1) pharmacy and nursing analyze competence in terms of roles and tasks (performance); (2) law analyzes professional knowledge, skills, and attitudes (attributes); and (3) medicine analyzes attributes in the context of performance of professional tasks, an integrated…

Hager, Paul; Gonczi, Andrew

1991-01-01

153

Health. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on health is divided into ten topics. The topics included are Nutrition, Reproduction, Menstruation, Contraception, Alcohol Abuse, Tobacco, Immunization, Disease, Accident Prevention, and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

154

Implementing the Plan. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on implementing the landscape plan is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The seven sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

155

Student Material for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student welding competency-based education curriculum consists of six units dealing with general areas related to trade occupations and nine units covering specific aspects of working with welding equipment and performing welding operations. Topics covered in the first six units are welding opportunities, human relations, safety, basic…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

156

The Power of Competency-Based Teacher Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on National Program Priorities in Teacher Education (CNPPTE) was established to make recommendations for program development to the U.S. Office of Education Personnel Development and Task Force '72. The recommendations focus on developing the necessary conditions for competency-based teacher education and certification, as well as…

Rosner, Benjamin; And Others

157

A Marriage Proposal: Competency Based Education and Experiential Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how the wedding of competency-based education (CBE), centered on basic skills, and experiential education, advocating that learning requires accompanying experience to be effective, offers creative approach to implementation of CBE. Examples from St. Paul Open School illustrate how minimum competency skills can be incorporated into an…

Reynolds, Sherrod

1981-01-01

158

Tractor Mechanic--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to assist vocational agricultural mechanics students in learning to be tractor mechanics, this curriculum guide contains all the student competency sheets which comprise this competency-based curriculum. These competency sheets are categorized under sixteen instructional units. The first two units cover employment opportunities and…

McCann, Edward W.

159

Principles for Developing Competency-Based Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 US college/university policy agenda, "Making College Affordable: A Better Agenda for the Middle Class," highlighted the role of developing technologies, institutional curriculum-design processes, and new delivery methods as keys to providing quality, affordable postsecondary education. Competency-based education (CBE) is given…

Johnstone, Sally M.; Soares, Louis

2014-01-01

160

Competency Based Educational Administration and Applications to Related Fields.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No group can claim professional standing without explicit statements about what constitutes competence in that field and the means by which competence can be attained and assessed. The definition of competencies is the beginning step in a total competency based program of administrative development. Such definition includes (1) specification of…

McCleary, Lloyd E.

161

TURN ABOUT: A Competency-Based Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project "Turn About" was initiated at Western Washington State College and Everett (Washington) Public Schools, 1971-1972. The major objectives of the program were to enlarge the learning outcomes of elementary school children and improve competency-based undergraduate and graduate teacher education in a portal school. Program leadership…

Western Washington Univ., Bellingham.

162

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Machine Shop. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the student material for the machine shop competency-based education curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. It has been developed to facilitate the learning of skills necessary for a career as a machinist. The tasks in the curriculum are those actually performed on the job. The materials are intended for use…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

163

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Machine Shop. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the machine shop competency-based education curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. It has been developed to facilitate use of the curriculum by instructors of machine shop programs. The teacher's guide contains the following material: an explanation of the curriculum and suggested usage; a…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

164

AN EVALUATION OF A COMPETENCY-BASED FOOD MANAGEMENT PROGRAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to design, implement, and evaluate a Competency-Based Vocational Education Program for eleventh and twelfth grade students enrolled in a high school Foods Management Program.^ The formative and summative data collected for this study consisted of: (1) A Needs Assessment Survey conducted prior to the formulation of the program components; (2) The Instructional Quality Inventory

VIRNESTEAN WILSON TUBBS

1982-01-01

165

Feasibility and usefulness of training assertive community treatment team in cognitive behavioral therapy.  

PubMed

Individuals with Serious mental illness require psychosocial treatments as adjunct to pharmacotherapy to promote recovery. An ACT team was trained in CBT interventions and charts were reviewed to identify sessions where CBT was utilized. Subjects who received at least 3 sessions of CBT went from 10% before training to 44% after training and 54% in the follow up period. All team members including bachelor's level staff provided CBT interventions. Results show that ACT Team members including those at bachelor's level can be trained in CBT and they utilize these interventions after training is completed. PMID:19957105

Pinninti, Narsimha R; Fisher, Jillian; Thompson, Kelly; Steer, Robert

2010-08-01

166

Nurse Educator Pathway Project: a competency-based intersectoral curriculum.  

PubMed

In this paper, we begin by providing an overview of the Educator Pathway Project (EPP), an education infrastructure that was developed in response to emerging critical nursing workplace issues, and the related demand for enhanced workplace education. We then describe the EPP competency-based curriculum designed to prepare nurses as preceptors, mentors, and educators to lead learning with diverse learner groups. This competency-based curriculum was developed through a collaboration of nurse leaders across practice, academic, and union sectors and drew from a widely embraced curriculum development model (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyzyn, 2005). The goal of the curriculum was to prepare nurses through a four-level career pathway model that contextualized practice and education theory to various education-related roles and levels of experience within the practice setting. Over 1,100 nurses participated in this innovative intersectoral nursing initiative. PMID:21126229

Young, Lynne; Frost, Linda J; Bigl, Julie; Clauson, Marion; McRae, Cora; Scarborough, Kathy S; Murphy, Sue; Jillings, Carol; Gillespie, Frank

2010-01-01

167

Parent directed CBT for young anxious children, a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety in children aged 8years and above has been successfully treated with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). However, the efficacy of CBT for anxious children aged 4–7years has not, to date, been fully investigated. This paper piloted a CBT intervention targeting child anxiety that was delivered exclusively to parents of 26 children with anxiety symptoms aged 4–7years. The intervention consisted of

Cathy M. van der Sluis; Corine O. van der Bruggen; Margaret L. Brechman-Toussaint; Michèl A. P. Thissen; Susan M. Bögels

168

Continuity of capping in CbT Paul Brodhead1  

E-print Network

Continuity of capping in CbT Paul Brodhead1 , Angsheng Li2 , and Weilin Li2 January 26, 2008 bound of oracle query bits such that A is computed by equipped with an oracle B, written A bT B. Let CbT study the continuity properties in CbT. We show that for any c.e. bT-degree b = 0, 0 , there is a c.e. b

Brodhead, Katie

169

When Failure Is Not An Option: Designing Competency-Based Pathways for Next Generation Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploration into competency-based innovation at the school, district, and state levels suggests that competency-based pathways are a re-engineering of this nation's education system around learning--a re-engineering designed for success in which failure is no longer an option. Competency-based approaches build upon standards reforms, offering…

Sturgis, Chris; Patrick, Susan

2010-01-01

170

The CB Reader. A Guide to Understanding the Competency-Based Adult Education Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains eleven exemplary articles that focus on topics related to competency-based adult education. Among the articles included are (1) Competency Based Education: Is It Applicable to Adult Education Programs?, by James E. Hertling; (2) What Adult Performance Level Is--and Is Not, by William G. Spady; (3) Competency Based

Parker, James T., Ed.; Taylor, Paul G., Ed.

171

Evaluation of the sustainability and clinical outcome of alternatives for families: A cognitive-behavioral therapy (AF-CBT) in a child protection center  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the sustainability and outcome of Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) as delivered by practitioners in a community-based child protection program who had received training in the model several years earlier. Formerly described as Abuse-Focused CBT, AF-CBT is an evidence-based treatment (EBT) for child physical abuse and family aggression/conflict that was included in the National Child Traumatic Stress Network’s initial EBT dissemination efforts in 2002. Seven practitioners participated in a year-long Learning Collaborative in AF-CBT and in similar training programs for 4 other EBTs. The agency’s routine data collection system was used to document the clinical and adjustment outcomes of 52 families presenting with a physically abused child who received their services between 2 and 5 years after the AF-CBT training had ended. Measures of the use of all 5 EBTs documented their frequency, internal consistency, and intercorrelations. Controlling for the unique content of the other four EBTs, the amount of AF-CBT Abuse-specific content delivered was related to improvements on standardized parent rating scales (i.e., child externalizing behavior, anger, anxiety, social competence) and both parent and clinician ratings of the child’s adjustment at discharge (i.e., child more safe, less scared/sad, more appropriate with peers). The amount of AF-CBT General content was related to a few discharge ratings (better child prognosis, helpfulness to parents). These novel data provide suggestive evidence for the sustainability and clinical benefits of AF-CBT in an existing community clinic serving physically abused children and their families, and are discussed in the context of key developments in the treatment model and dissemination literature. PMID:21354619

Iselin, Anne-Marie R.; Gully, Kevin J.

2011-01-01

172

Organize the Vocational Program to Install Competency-Based Instruction. Module K-2. Performance Element Nos. CBI 25, 26, 27, 34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to be utilized as an instructional unit in preservice or inservice vocational teacher education or as a part of a total performance-based teacher education program, this module is one of two modules developed to train vocational personnel how to install and manage competency-based instructional (CBI) programs. These two modules were…

Fardig, Glen; Quinn, Karen

173

Competence-Based Teacher Education: Illusion or Reality? An Assessment of the Implementation Status in Flanders from Teachers' and Students' Points of View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1998, the Flanders' educational government in Belgium has been urging teacher education institutions by decree to implement competences in teacher training programs. Since then, years have gone by, and institutions have acted in order to achieve the competence-based goals. However, have they succeeded in implementing them? This is the…

Struyven, Katrien; De Meyst, Marijke

2010-01-01

174

Trauma-focused CBT for youth with complex trauma  

PubMed Central

Objectives Many youth develop complex trauma, which includes regulation problems in the domains of affect, attachment, behavior, biology, cognition, and perception. Therapists often request strategies for using evidence-based treatments (EBTs) for this population. This article describes practical strategies for applying Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) for youth with complex trauma. Methods TF-CBT treatment phases are described and modifications of timing, proportionality and application are described for youth with complex trauma. Practical applications include a) dedicating proportionally more of the model to the TF-CBT coping skills phase; b) implementing the TF-CBT Safety component early and often as needed throughout treatment; c) titrating gradual exposure more slowly as needed by individual youth; d) incorporating unifying trauma themes throughout treatment; and e) when indicated, extending the TF-CBT treatment consolidation and closure phase to include traumatic grief components and to generalize ongoing safety and trust. Results Recent data from youth with complex trauma support the use of the above TF-CBT strategies to successfully treat these youth. Conclusions The above practical strategies can be incorporated into TF-CBT to effectively treat youth with complex trauma. Practice implications Practical strategies include providing a longer coping skills phase which incorporates safety and appropriate gradual exposure; including relevant unifying themes; and allowing for an adequate treatment closure phase to enhance ongoing trust and safety. Through these strategies therapists can successfully apply TF-CBT for youth with complex trauma. PMID:22749612

Mannarino, Anthony P.; Kliethermes, Matthew; Murray, Laura A.

2013-01-01

175

Effectiveness of Modular CBT for Child Anxiety in Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most randomized controlled trials of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for children with anxiety disorders have evaluated treatment efficacy using recruited samples treated in research settings. Clinical trials in school settings are needed to determine if CBT can be effective when delivered in real world settings. This study evaluated a modular…

Chiu, Angela W.; Langer, David A.; McLeod, Bryce D.; Har, Kim; Drahota, Amy; Galla, Brian M.; Jacobs, Jeffrey; Ifekwunigwe, Muriel; Wood, Jeffrey J.

2013-01-01

176

Improving the Transportability of CBT for Internalizing Disorders in Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research provides strong support for the efficacy and effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment of childhood internalizing disorders. Given evidence for limited dissemination and implementation of CBT outside of academic settings, efforts are underway to improve its transportability so that more children with mental…

Elkins, R. Meredith; McHugh, R. Kathryn; Santucci, Lauren C.; Barlow, David H.

2011-01-01

177

Modifying CBT for Perinatal Depression: What Do Women Want?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evidence for the efficacy of CBT for depression during the perinatal period is mixed. This was a qualitative study that aimed to understand the perinatal-specific needs of depressed women in an effort to inform treatment modifications that may increase the relevance and acceptability of CBT during this period. Stratified purposeful sampling…

O'Mahen, Heather; Fedock, Gina; Henshaw, Erin; Himle, Joseph A.; Forman, Jane; Flynn, Heather A.

2012-01-01

178

Performing Classroom Management Functions with Competency-Based Instruction. Microcomputer Applications for Vocational Teachers: A Competency-Based Approach--Book E.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is the fifth in a series of five competency-based resource guides on microcomputer applications for vocational teachers. The four units of instruction in this handbook are concerned with the content of the 10 competencies included in the category, "Performing Classroom Management Functions with Competency-Based Instruction." Unit…

Roth, Gene; Tesolowski, Dennis

179

Programmatic assessment of competency-based workplace learning: when theory meets practice  

PubMed Central

Background In competency-based medical education emphasis has shifted towards outcomes, capabilities, and learner-centeredness. Together with a focus on sustained evidence of professional competence this calls for new methods of teaching and assessment. Recently, medical educators advocated the use of a holistic, programmatic approach towards assessment. Besides maximum facilitation of learning it should improve the validity and reliability of measurements and documentation of competence development. We explored how, in a competency-based curriculum, current theories on programmatic assessment interacted with educational practice. Methods In a development study including evaluation, we investigated the implementation of a theory-based programme of assessment. Between April 2011 and May 2012 quantitative evaluation data were collected and used to guide group interviews that explored the experiences of students and clinical supervisors with the assessment programme. We coded the transcripts and emerging topics were organised into a list of lessons learned. Results The programme mainly focuses on the integration of learning and assessment by motivating and supporting students to seek and accumulate feedback. The assessment instruments were aligned to cover predefined competencies to enable aggregation of information in a structured and meaningful way. Assessments that were designed as formative learning experiences were increasingly perceived as summative by students. Peer feedback was experienced as a valuable method for formative feedback. Social interaction and external guidance seemed to be of crucial importance to scaffold self-directed learning. Aggregating data from individual assessments into a holistic portfolio judgement required expertise and extensive training and supervision of judges. Conclusions A programme of assessment with low-stakes assessments providing simultaneously formative feedback and input for summative decisions proved not easy to implement. Careful preparation and guidance of the implementation process was crucial. Assessment for learning requires meaningful feedback with each assessment. Special attention should be paid to the quality of feedback at individual assessment moments. Comprehensive attention for faculty development and training for students is essential for the successful implementation of an assessment programme. PMID:24020944

2013-01-01

180

Manual-Guided Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy Training: A Promising Method for Disseminating Empirically Supported Substance Abuse Treatments to the Practice Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

A gap exists between empirically supported substance abuse treatments and those used in community settings. This study examined the feasibility of training substance abuse counselors to deliver cognitive–behavioral treatment (CBT) using treatment manuals. Participants were 29 counselors. Counselors were randomly assigned to receive CBT training or to a control group. Counselor attitudes were assessed pre- and posttraining. In addition, CBT

Jon Morgenstern; Thomas J. Morgan; Barbara S. McCrady; Daniel S. Keller; Kathleen M. Carroll

2001-01-01

181

Effectiveness of Modular CBT for Child Anxiety in Elementary Schools  

PubMed Central

Most randomized controlled trials of cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) for children with anxiety disorders have evaluated treatment efficacy using recruited samples treated in research settings. Clinical trials in school settings are needed to determine if CBT can be effective when delivered in real world settings. This study evaluated a modular CBT program for childhood anxiety disorders in two elementary schools. Forty children (5–12 years old) with anxiety disorders, referred by teachers and school staff, were randomly assigned to modular CBT or a 3-month waitlist. Clinicians worked with individual families as well as teachers and school staff. Evaluators blind to treatment condition conducted structured diagnostic interviews and caregivers and children completed symptom checklists at pre- and posttreatment. The primary study outcome, the Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement scale, yielded a positive treatment response at posttreatment for 95.0% of CBT participants, as compared with only 16.7% of the waitlist participants. CBT also outperformed the waitlist on diagnostic outcomes and caregiver-report measures of anxiety. Treatment effects did not extend beyond anxiety diagnoses and symptoms. Results suggest that modular CBT delivered within the elementary school setting may be effective for the treatment of child anxiety disorders. A replication of the study results with a larger sample is indicated. PMID:23750860

Chiu, Angela W.; Langer, David A.; McLeod, Bryce D.; Har, Kim; Drahota, Amy; Galla, Brian M.; Jacobs, Jeffrey; Ifekwunigwe, Muriel; Wood, Jeffrey J.

2013-01-01

182

Realizing the promise of competency-based medical education.  

PubMed

Competency-based medical education (CBME) places a premium on both educational and clinical outcomes. The Milestones component of the Next Accreditation System represents a fundamental change in medical education in the United States and is part of the drive to realize the full promise of CBME. The Milestones framework provides a descriptive blueprint in each specialty to guide curriculum development and assessment practices.From the beginning of the Outcomes project in 1999, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the larger medical education community recognized the importance of improving their approach to assessment. Work-based assessments, which rely heavily on the observations and judgments of clinical faculty, are central to a competency-based approach. The direct observation of learners and the provision of robust feedback have always been recognized as critical components of medical education, but CBME systems further elevate their importance. Without effective and frequent direct observation, coaching, and feedback, the full potential of CBME and the Milestones cannot be achieved. Furthermore, simply using the Milestones as end-of-rotation evaluations to "check the box" to meet requirements undermines the intent of an outcomes-based accreditation system.In this Commentary, the author explores these challenges, addressing the concerns raised by Williams and colleagues in their Commentary. Meeting the assessment challenges of the Milestones will require a renewed commitment from institutions to meet the profession's "special obligations" to patients and learners. All stakeholders in graduate medical education must commit to a professional system of self-regulation to prepare highly competent physicians to fulfill this social contract. PMID:25295967

Holmboe, Eric S

2015-04-01

183

Human factors in the Naval Air Systems Command: Computer based training  

SciTech Connect

Military standards applied to the private sector contracts have a substantial effect on the quality of Computer Based Training (CBT) systems procured for the Naval Air Systems Command. This study evaluated standards regulating the following areas in CBT development and procurement: interactive training systems, cognitive task analysis, and CBT hardware. The objective was to develop some high-level recommendations for evolving standards that will govern the next generation of CBT systems. One of the key recommendations is that there be an integration of the instructional systems development, the human factors engineering, and the software development standards. Recommendations were also made for task analysis and CBT hardware standards. (9 refs., 3 figs.)

Seamster, T.L.; Snyder, C.E.; Terranova, M.; Walker W.J.; Jones, D.T.

1988-01-01

184

CBT: a new approach for designing color teaching aids for the media industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CBT - Computer Based training, an approach for designing teaching aids was tested in this project and it will be shown how this new teaching instrument can be used for teaching basic color theory and advanced color technology for the media industry. The different types of media were tested in this project and the advantages and disadvantages of CDs, DVDs, online-services tele-teaching facilities in the field of color technology will be pointed out. Examples of CDs and online-activities will be shown and a complete course outline system for different levels will be pointed out starting with apprenticeship level, high school level up to company training and college course training materials. Mainly a lifelong learning approach will be emphasized to give especially SMES (small and medium enterprises) in media industry the possibility to train their professionals properly without too much absence from the company necessary.

Sobotka, Werner; Gloss, Carina; Seiter, Martin

2002-06-01

185

Feasibility and Usefulness of Training Assertive Community Treatment Team in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals with Serious mental illness require psychosocial treatments as adjunct to pharmacotherapy to promote recovery.\\u000a An ACT team was trained in CBT interventions and charts were reviewed to identify sessions where CBT was utilized. Subjects\\u000a who received at least 3 sessions of CBT went from 10% before training to 44% after training and 54% in the follow up period.\\u000a All

Narsimha R. Pinninti; Jillian Fisher; Kelly Thompson; Robert Steer

2010-01-01

186

Online self-administered training for post-traumatic stress disorder treatment providers: design and methods for a randomized, prospective intervention study  

PubMed Central

This paper presents the rationale and methods for a randomized controlled evaluation of web-based training in motivational interviewing, goal setting, and behavioral task assignment. Web-based training may be a practical and cost-effective way to address the need for large-scale mental health training in evidence-based practice; however, there is a dearth of well-controlled outcome studies of these approaches. For the current trial, 168 mental health providers treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were assigned to web-based training plus supervision, web-based training, or training-as-usual (control). A novel standardized patient (SP) assessment was developed and implemented for objective measurement of changes in clinical skills, while on-line self-report measures were used for assessing changes in knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and practice related to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques. Eligible participants were all actively involved in mental health treatment of veterans with PTSD. Study methodology illustrates ways of developing training content, recruiting participants, and assessing knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and competency-based outcomes, and demonstrates the feasibility of conducting prospective studies of training efficacy or effectiveness in large healthcare systems. PMID:22583520

2012-01-01

187

Developing a competency-based curriculum in HIV for nursing schools in Haiti  

PubMed Central

Background Preparing health workers to confront the HIV/AIDS epidemic is an urgent challenge in Haiti, where the HIV prevalence rate is 2.2% and approximately 10 100 people are taking antiretroviral treatment. There is a critical shortage of doctors in Haiti, leaving nurses as the primary care providers for much of the population. Haiti's approximately 1000 nurses play a leading role in HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment. However, nurses do not receive sufficient training at the pre-service level to carry out this important work. Methods To address this issue, the Ministry of Health and Population collaborated with the International Training and Education Center on HIV over a period of 12 months to create a competency-based HIV/AIDS curriculum to be integrated into the 4-year baccalaureate programme of the four national schools of nursing. Results Using a review of the international health and education literature on HIV/AIDS competencies and various models of curriculum development, a Haiti-based curriculum committee developed expected HIV/AIDS competencies for graduating nurses and then drafted related learning objectives. The committee then mapped these learning objectives to current courses in the nursing curriculum and created an 'HIV/AIDS Teaching Guide' for faculty on how to integrate and achieve these objectives within their current courses. The curriculum committee also created an 'HIV/AIDS Reference Manual' that detailed the relevant HIV/AIDS content that should be taught for each course. Conclusion All nursing students will now need to demonstrate competency in HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, skills and attitudes during periodic assessment with direct observation of the student performing authentic tasks. Faculty will have the responsibility of developing exercises to address the required objectives and creating assessment tools to demonstrate that their graduates have met the objectives. This activity brought different administrators, nurse leaders and faculty from four geographically dispersed nursing schools to collaborate on a shared goal using a process that could be easily replicated to integrate any new topic in a resource-constrained pre-service institution. It is hoped that this experience provided stakeholders with the experience, skills and motivation to strengthen other domains of the pre-service nursing curriculum, improve the synchronization of didactic and practical training and develop standardized, competency-based examinations for nursing licensure in Haiti. PMID:18759986

Knebel, Elisa; Puttkammer, Nancy; Demes, Adrien; Devirois, Ruth; Prismy, Mona

2008-01-01

188

Improving the Transportability of CBT for Internalizing Disorders in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research provides strong support for the efficacy and effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment\\u000a of childhood internalizing disorders. Given evidence for limited dissemination and implementation of CBT outside of academic\\u000a settings, efforts are underway to improve its transportability so that more children with mental health needs may benefit\\u000a from treatment. Creative modifications to existing treatments aim to

R. Meredith Elkins; R. Kathryn McHugh; Lauren C. Santucci; David H. Barlow

2011-01-01

189

Post-Stroke Depression and CBT with Older People  

Microsoft Academic Search

The empirical evidence as it pertains to Stroke and CBT is at an early stage. There are many issues that remain unresolved\\u000a and there remains a great deal of psychological research that requires to be undertaken, especially as recent metaanalyses\\u000a have concluded that while CBT may improve mood post-stroke, there is insufficient evidence for the routine use of psychotherapy\\u000a for

Ken Laidlaw

190

Core Based Tree (CBT) Multicast - Architectural Overview and Specification  

Microsoft Academic Search

CBT is a new architecture for local and wide-area IP multicasting, being uniquein its utilization of just one shared delivery tree, as opposed to the source-baseddelivery tree approach of existing IP multicast schemes, such as DVMRP [6] andMOSPF [15].The primary advantages of the CBT approach are that it offers more favourablescaling characteristics in certain situations than do existing multicast algorithms,

Tony Ballardie

1995-01-01

191

Compact and Flexible Resolution of CBT Multicast Key-Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

. In an open network such as the Internet, multicast securityservices typically start with group session-key distribution. Consideringscalability for group communication among widely-distributed members,we can find a currently-leading approach based on a CBT (Core-BasedTree) routing protocol, where Group Key Distribution Centers (GKDCs)are dynamically constructed during group-member joining process.In search of practical use of it, this paper first analyzes the CBT

Kanta Matsuura; Yuliang Zheng; Hideki Imai

1998-01-01

192

The Application of Artificial Intelligence Principles to Teaching and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares and contrasts the use of AI principles in industrial training with more normal computer-based training (CBT) approaches. A number of applications of CBT are illustrated (for example simulations, tutorial presentations, fault diagnosis, management games, industrial relations exercises) and compared with an alternative approach…

Shaw, Keith

2008-01-01

193

Computer-Based Training: Capitalizing on Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-based training (CBT) is a methodology for providing systematic, structured learning; a useful tool when properly designed. CBT has seen a resurgence given the serious games movement, which is at the forefront of integrating primarily entertainment computer-based games into education and training. This effort represents a multidisciplinary…

Bedwell, Wendy L.; Salas, Eduardo

2010-01-01

194

AI in Computer-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, intelligent approaches to CBT are put into several perspectives in an attempt to elucidate the concepts and give them a more realistic (and not only glamorous) footing. The role of expert systems in training is explored and possible routes towards intelligent CBT are outlined. [This paper was first published in "Interactive Learning…

Camstra, Bert

2008-01-01

195

Computer-Based Training: An Institutional Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of issues related to computer-assisted learning (CAL) and computer-based training (CBT) describes approaches to electronic learning; principles underlying courseware development to support these approaches; and a plan for creation of a CAL/CBT development center, including its functional role, campus services, staffing, and equipment…

Barker, Philip; Manji, Karim

1992-01-01

196

Guide to computer-based training  

SciTech Connect

The Guide is intended to (1) describe computer-based training; (2) help you analyze what role the computer might play in your training program; (4) offer you criteria for making decisions about types of systems, hardware, and software; (5) help you determine how you might obtain CBT (computer based training); (6) suggest additional resources for you to investigate; and (7) describe some experiences of DOE contractors and other federal organizations with CBT.

Not Available

1984-01-01

197

Evaluating the Effects of Competency-Based Web Learning on Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of the competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) on the self-directed learning aptitude (SDLA) of college students. Specifically, it seeks to investigate, statistically, the changes in SDLAs at different stages of competency-based web learning (CBWL) over an eight-week period. The sample of…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2007-01-01

198

It's Not a Matter of Time: Highlights from the 2011 Competency-Based Summit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From Anchorage, Alaska, to Orlando, Florida, and from Gray, Maine, to Yuma, Arizona, one hundred competency-based innovators gathered at the Competency-Based Learning Summit in March 2011. Sponsored by the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) and the International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL), the Summit was developed in…

Sturgis, Chris; Patrick, Susan; Pittenger, Linda

2011-01-01

199

When Success Is the Only Option: Designing Competency-Based Pathways for Next Generation Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploration into competency-based innovation at the school, district, and state levels suggests that competency-based pathways are a re-engineering of this nation's education system around learning--a re-engineering designed for success in which failure is no longer viable. This discussion draws on interviews and site visits with innovators…

Sturgis, Chris; Patrick, Susan

2010-01-01

200

A Competency-Based Guided-Learning Algorithm Applied on Adaptively Guiding E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a new algorithm called competency-based guided-learning algorithm (CBGLA), which can be applied on adaptively guiding e-learning. Computational process analysis and mathematical derivation of competency-based learning (CBL) were used to develop the CBGLA. The proposed algorithm could generate an effective adaptively guiding…

Hsu, Wei-Chih; Li, Cheng-Hsiu

2015-01-01

201

Researching the Competence-Based Curriculum: Preface to a Case Study of Four Urban Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory article accompanies three further articles forming a case study research project undertaken to describe the experience of four urban secondary schools implementing a competence-based curriculum for students in their first year of secondary education. The nature of such competence-based curricula is discussed in the context of…

Downey, Christopher; Byrne, Jenny; Souza, Ana

2013-01-01

202

Competency-Based Performance Appraisals: Improving Performance Evaluations of School Nutrition Managers and Assistants/Technicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the research was to develop a competency-based performance appraisal resource for evaluating school nutrition (SN) managers and assistants/technicians. Methods: A two-phased process was used to develop the competency-based performance appraisal resource for SN managers and assistants/technicians. In Phase I, draft…

Cross, Evelina W.; Asperin, Amelia Estepa; Nettles, Mary Frances

2009-01-01

203

Implementing Competency-Based Teacher Education: Future Directions for Vocational Teacher Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide direction for those who contemplate establishing a competency-based program for vocational teachers, this monograph contains major papers developed for the Institute on Competency-Based Teacher Education for Virginia Vocational and Technical Teacher Educators held in Blacksburg, November 23-26, 1975. Also included are two…

Finch, Curtis; And Others

204

Emergence and Outlook of Competence-Based Education in European Education Systems: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution takes stock on the emergence of competence-based education in European Union (EU) countries. The article explains how economic constraints but also educational motives led educational policies and systems in the EU to shift to competence-based education. The related instructional frame and concepts are presented, as are the major…

Tchibozo, Guy

2011-01-01

205

Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

2010-01-01

206

Competency-Based Vocational Education and Self-Paced Learning. Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights the main features and proposed advantages of competency-based vocational education (CBVE) through an examination of three competency-based programs n operation. The programs examined are those of Holland College, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada; Northeast Metro Technical College, White Bear Lake, Minnesota; and…

Watson, Anthony

207

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. After the introduction, which provides a rationale for competency-based instruction in the prevocational curriculum, the following sections are included in the guide: development and validation of…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

208

Competence-based curriculum development for general practice in Germany: a stepwise peer-based approach instead of reinventing the wheel  

PubMed Central

Background Improving postgraduate medical training is one important step to attract more medical students into general practice. Keeping pace with international developments moving to competence-based curricula for general practice training, the aim of this project was to develop and implement such a curriculum in Germany. Methods A five-step, peer-based method was used for the curriculum development process including panel testing and a “test version” of the curriculum for the pilot implementation phase. The CanMEDS framework served as a basis for a new German competence-based curriculum in general practice training. Four curricula from European countries and Canada were reviewed and, following required cultural adaptions, key strengths from these were integrated. For the CanMEDS “medical expertise” element of the curriculum, the WONCA ICPC-2 classification of patient’s “reason for encounters” was also integrated. Results Altogether, 37 participants were involved in the development process representing 12 different federal states in Germany, and including an expert advisor from Denmark. An official “test version” of the curriculum consisting of three parts: medical expertise, additional competencies and medical procedures was established. A system of self-assessment for trainees was integrated into the curriculum using a traffic light scale. Since March 2012, the curriculum has been made freely available online as a “test version”. In 2014, an evaluation is planned using feedback from users of the test model as a further stage of the implementation process. Conclusions The first German competence-based curriculum for general practice training has been developed using a pragmatic peer controlled approach and implementation is being trialed with a “test version” of the curriculum. This model project and its peer-based methodology may support competence-based curriculum development for other medical specialties both inside and outside Germany. PMID:23937795

2013-01-01

209

Criterion validity of a competency-based assessment center in medical education – a 4-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Core competencies have progressively gained importance in medical education. In other contexts, especially personnel selection and development, assessment centers (ACs) are used to assess competencies, but there is only a limited number of studies on competency-based ACs in medical education. To the best of our knowledge, the present study provides the first data on the criterion-related validity of a competency-based AC in medical education. Methods We developed an AC tailored to measure core competencies relevant to medical education (social-ethical, communicative, self, and teaching) and tested its validity in n=30 first-year medical students using 3- to 4-year follow-up measures such as (a) objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) on basic clinical skills (n=26), (b) OSCE on communication skills (n=21), and (c) peer feedback (n=18). The AC contained three elements: interview, group discussion, and role play. Additionally, a self-report questionnaire was provided as a basis for the interview. Results Baseline AC average score and teaching competency correlated moderately with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.41, p=0.03, and r=0.38, p=0.04, respectively). Social-ethical competency in the AC showed a very strong convergent association with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.60, p<0.01). The AC total score also showed a moderate correlation with the overall peer feedback score provided in Year 4 (r=0.38, p=0.06). In addition, communicative competency correlated strongly with the overall peer feedback (r=0.50, p=0.02). We found predominantly low and insignificant correlations between the AC and the OSCE on basic clinical skills (r=?0.33 to 0.30, all p's>0.05). Conclusion The results showed that competency-based ACs can be used at a very early stage of medical training to successfully predict future performance in core competencies. PMID:25219931

Rotthoff, Thomas; Ostapczuk, Martin S.; Kröncke, Klaus D.; Zimmerhofer, Alexander; Decking, Ulrich; Schneider, Matthias; Ritz-Timme, Stefanie

2014-01-01

210

Competency-based medical education in two Sub-Saharan African medical schools  

PubMed Central

Background Relatively little has been written on Medical Education in Sub-Saharan Africa, although there are over 170 medical schools in the region. A number of initiatives have been started to support medical education in the region to improve quality and quantity of medical graduates. These initiatives have led to curricular changes in the region, one of which is the introduction of Competency-Based Medical Education (CBME). Institutional reviews This paper presents two medical schools, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, which successfully implemented CBME. The processes of curriculum revision are described and common themes are highlighted. Both schools used similar processes in developing their CBME curricula, with early and significant stakeholder involvement. Competencies were determined taking into consideration each country’s health and education systems. Final competency domains were similar between the two schools. Both schools established medical education departments to support their new curricula. New teaching methodologies and assessment methods were needed to support CBME, requiring investments in faculty training. Both schools received external funding to support CBME development and implementation. Conclusion CBME has emerged as an important change in medical education in Sub-Saharan Africa with schools adopting it as an approach to transformative medical education. Makerere University and the University of Ibadan have successfully adopted CBME and show that CBME can be implemented even for the low-resourced countries in Africa, supported by external investments to address the human resources gap. PMID:25525404

Kiguli-Malwadde, Elsie; Olapade-Olaopa, E Oluwabunmi; Kiguli, Sarah; Chen, Candice; Sewankambo, Nelson K; Ogunniyi, Adesola O; Mukwaya, Solome; Omaswa, Francis

2014-01-01

211

Computer-Assisted Delivery of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Efficacy and durability of CBT4CBT among cocaine-dependent individuals maintained on methadone  

PubMed Central

Objectives A previous pilot trial evaluating computer-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT4CBT) among 77 heterogeneous substance users (alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, opioids) provided preliminary support for its efficacy in the context of a community-based outpatient clinic. Aims of the present trial were to conduct a more definitive trial in a larger, more homogeneous sample. Methods Randomized clinical trial in which 101 cocaine-dependent methadone maintained individuals were randomized to standard methadone maintenance or methadone maintenance with weekly access to CBT4CBT, with 7 modules delivered within an 8 week trial. Results Treatment retention and data availability were high and comparable across the treatment conditions. Participants assigned to the CBT4CBT condition were significantly more likely to attain three or more consecutive weeks of abstinence from cocaine (36 versus 17%, p<.05, OR=.36). The group assigned to CBT4CBT also had better outcomes on most dimensions, including urine specimens negative for all drugs, but these reached statistical significance only for the completer sample (N=69). Follow-up data collected 6 months after treatment termination were available from 93% of the randomized sample; these indicated continued improvement for those assigned to the CBT4CBTgroup, replicating previous findings regarding its durability. Conclusions This trial replicates earlier findings indicating CBT4CBT is an effective adjunct to addiction treatment with durable effects. CBT4CBT is an easily disseminable strategy for broadening the availability of CBT, even in challenging populations such as cocaine-dependent individuals enrolled in methadone maintenance programs. Clinical trials.gov ID number NCT00350610 PMID:24577287

Carroll, Kathleen M.; Kiluk, Brian D.; Nich, Charla; Gordon, Melissa A.; Portnoy, Galina A.; Marino, Daniel R.; Ball, Samuel A.

2014-01-01

212

Computer-Based Training at a Military Medical Center: Understanding Decreased Participation in Training among Staff and Ways to Improve Completion Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military health care facilities make extensive use of computer-based training (CBT) for both clinical and non-clinical staff. Despite evidence identifying various factors that may impact CBT, the problem is unclear as to what factors specifically influence employee participation in computer-based training. The purpose of this mixed method case…

Lavender, Julie

2013-01-01

213

Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Student Services Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as part of a 310 Special Demonstration and Teacher Training Project undertaken at Brevard Community College, this student services guide contains information to assist adult education administrators, counselors, instructors, and office personnel in meeting the needs of students enrolled in adult/community education schools. Primary…

Singer, Elizabeth; And Others

214

A Competency-Based Program for Electronic Gaming Equipment Repair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program is designed to provide entry-level training to individuals (especially workers displaced from industry) who desire employment as "slot technicians" in the casino industry. The 96-hour course includes both classroom instruction and hands-on experience. Sources for direct purchase of required manuals are provided. The 13 modules consist…

Hardman, James R.

215

Defining and Assessing Competencies for Competency-Based, Outcome-Focused Management Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that competency-based management development programs should shift emphasis from theories and skills to decisions managers must make. Presents a model for defining types of management decisions regarding nontechnical issues. (Contains 16 references.) (SK)

Rausch, Erwin; Sherman, Herbert; Washbush, John B.

2002-01-01

216

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Auto Body Repair. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on auto body repair. This program is designed to run 40 weeks and cover 7 instructional areas: use of basic repair tools; metal bumping (theory and practice); metal refinishing (theory and practice); panel replacement; glass work; spot…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

217

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Combination Welding. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on combination welding. This program is designed to run 28 weeks and cover 11 instructional areas: operation of oxyacetylene equipment, oxyacetylene track torch, related equipment, Beverly shears for strip steel, portable welding equipment,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

218

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Fiberglass Technician. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on fiberglass technician. This program covers 12 instructional areas: orientation, safety, introduction to fiberglass-reinforced plastics, hand lay-up, introduction to equipment operation, chopper operation, gel-coat equipment, finish and…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

219

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Food Service. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on food service. This program is designed to run 24 weeks and cover 15 instructional areas: orientation, sanitation, management/planning, preparing food for cooking, preparing beverages, cooking eggs, cooking meat, cooking vegetables,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

220

Trauma-Focused CBT for Youth who Experience Ongoing Traumas  

PubMed Central

Many youth experience ongoing trauma exposure, such as domestic or community violence. Clinicians often ask whether evidence-based treatments containing exposure components to reduce learned fear responses to historical trauma are appropriate for these youth. Essentially the question is, if youth are desensitized to their trauma experiences, will this in some way impair their responding to current or ongoing trauma? The paper addresses practical strategies for implementing one evidence-based treatment, Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) for youth with ongoing traumas. Collaboration with local therapists and families participating in TF-CBT community and international programs elucidated effective strategies for applying TF-CBT with these youth. These strategies included: 1) enhancing safety early in treatment; 2) effectively engaging parents who experience personal ongoing trauma; and 3) during the trauma narrative and processing component focusing on a) increasing parental awareness and acceptance of the extent of the youths’ ongoing trauma experiences; b) addressing youths’ maladaptive cognitions about ongoing traumas; and c) helping youth differentiate between real danger and generalized trauma reminders. Case examples illustrate how to use these strategies in diverse clinical situations. Through these strategies TF-CBT clinicians can effectively improve outcomes for youth experiencing ongoing traumas. PMID:21855140

Cohen, Judith A.; Mannarino, Anthony P.; Murray, Laura A.

2011-01-01

221

Charge Based Transient Current Testing (CBT) for Submicron CMOS SRAMs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze a transient current testing technique that measures and computes the charge delivered to the circuit during the transient operation. The method was applied to 0.5 ?m CMOS SRAMs that passed various logic tests. Results indicate that charge based testing (CBT) can successfully test submicron ICs since it tolerates large and variable background currents, can be applied to non-fully

B. Alorda; M. Rosales; Jerry M. Soden; Charles F. Hawkins; Jaume Segura

2002-01-01

222

The Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on Depression: The Role of Problem-Solving Appraisal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Many studies have confirmed the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as a treatment for depression. However, the mechanism of CBT for depression reduction is still not well understood. This study explored the mechanism of CBT from the perspective of individuals' problem-solving appraisal. Method: A one-group pretest-posttest…

Chen, Szu-Yu; Jordan, Catheleen; Thompson, Sanna

2006-01-01

223

IP Multicasting: Concepts, Algorithms, and IGMP, RPM, CBT, DVMRP, MOSPF, PIM, MBONE  

E-print Network

IP Multicasting: Concepts, Algorithms, and Protocols IGMP, RPM, CBT, DVMRP, MOSPF, PIM, MBONE such as RPM and CBT. IGMP is also reviewed in this paper. The Multicast Backbone (MBone) is also investigated, and Protocols; IGMP, PRM, CBT, DVMRP, MOSPF, PIM, MBONE http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/~jain/cis788-97/ip

Jain, Raj

224

Processes of Change in CBT of Adolescent Depression: Review and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing body of research supports the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for adolescent depression. The mechanisms through which CBT exerts its beneficial effects on adolescent patients suffering from depression, however, remain unclear. The current article reviews the CBT for adolescent depression process literature. Our review…

Webb, Christian A.; Auerbach, Randy P.; DeRubeis, Robert J.

2012-01-01

225

A Nonrandomized Effectiveness Comparison of Broad-Spectrum Group CBT to Individual CBT for Depressed Outpatients in a Community Mental Health Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Controlled trials have established the efficacy of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for depression. However, the relative effectiveness of individual versus group treatment formats in real-world settings is less well established. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of group CBT (n=157) compared to individual CBT (n=77) for depressed outpatients in a naturalistic setting. Symptom improvements for depression, anxiety, and quality of life

Mark A. Craigie; Paula Nathan

2009-01-01

226

Comparative Effectiveness of CBT Interventions for Co-Morbid Chronic Pain & Insomnia: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Chronic pain is difficult to treat and often precedes or exacerbates sleep disturbances such as insomnia. Insomnia, in turn, can amplify the pain experience. Both conditions are associated with inflammatory processes, which may be involved in the bidirectional relationship between pain and sleep. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for pain and CBT for insomnia are evidence based interventions for, respectively, chronic pain and insomnia. The study objectives were to determine the feasibility of combining CBT for pain and for insomnia and to assess the effects of the combined intervention and the stand alone interventions on pain, sleep, and mood outcomes compared to a control condition. Methods Twenty-one adults with co-occurring chronic pain and chronic insomnia were randomized to either CBT for pain, CBT for insomnia, combined CBT for pain and insomnia, or a wait-list control condition. Results The combined CBT intervention was feasible to deliver and produced significant improvements in sleep, disability from pain, depression and fatigue compared to the control condition. Overall, the combined intervention appeared to have a strong advantage over CBT for pain on most outcomes, modest advantage over both CBT for insomnia in reducing insomnia severity in chronic pain patients. Discussion CBT for pain and CBT for insomnia may be combined with good results for patients with co-occurring chronic pain and insomnia. PMID:22982083

Pigeon, Wilfred R.; Moynihan, Jan; Matteson-Rusby, Sara; Jungquist, Carla R.; Xia, Yinglin; Tu, Xin; Perlis, Michael L.

2012-01-01

227

Feasibility of guided cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) self?help for childhood anxiety disorders in primary care  

PubMed Central

Anxiety disorders in childhood are common, disabling and run a chronic course. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is effective but expensive and trained therapists are scarce. Guided self?help treatments may be a means of widening access to treatment. This study aimed to examine the feasibility of guided CBT self?help in primary care for childhood anxiety disorders, specifically in terms of therapist adherence, patient and therapist satisfaction and clinical gain. Participants were children aged between five and 12 years referred to two primary child and adolescent mental health services (PCAMHSs) in Oxfordshire, UK, who met diagnostic criteria for a primary anxiety disorder. Of the 52 eligible children, 41 anxious children were assessed for anxiety severity and interference before and after receiving CBT self?help delivered via a parent (total therapy time = five hours) by primary mental health workers (PMHWs). Therapy sessions were rated for treatment adherence and parents and PMHWs completed satisfaction questionnaires after treatment completion. Over 80% of therapy sessions were rated at a high level of treatment adherence. Parents and PMHWs reported high satisfaction with the treatment. Sixty?one percent of the children assessed no longer met the criteria for their primary anxiety disorder diagnosis following treatment, and 76% were rated as ‘much’/‘very much’ improved on the Clinical Global Impression–Improvement (CGI–I) scale. There were significant reductions on parent and child report measures of anxiety symptoms, interference and depression. Preliminary exploration indicated that parental anxiety was associated with child treatment outcome. The findings suggest that guided CBT self?help represents a promising treatment for childhood anxiety in primary care. PMID:22477922

2010-01-01

228

Training  

Cancer.gov

CCT provides funding to support training and career development for cancer researchers working at institutions nationwide and also manages intramural training programs offered at NCI laboratories and offices.

229

Train better by computer  

SciTech Connect

Computer-based training (CBT) is used in a new approach to training refinery operators. The system was developed at Mobil's U.S. headquarters, with field help. In the early 1980s the authors evaluated the mainframe Plato system from Control Data, considered by most the ''granddad'' of CBT systems. A couple of years later, when the CPM-based micro computers became popular, they traded in Plato for stand-alone desktop that offered most of the same features without the mainframe's cost and connectivity limitations. Their evaluation continued into the mid-1980s after IBM established its PC line which became the corporate hardware standard. CBT is both right for the times and particularly suited to the hydrocarbon processing industry's needs. Mobil has taken significant steps to benefit from all that CBT offers by developing two curricula for operator training. The first, the Fundamentals Series, provides the background needed for any operations assignment. The second curriculum, the Advanced Series, covers specific process unit job training.

Furgang, S.R.

1989-01-01

230

Training engineering: A parametric approach to computer-based training design  

SciTech Connect

Training engineering, a new model for computer-based training (CBT), has been devised and put into use by the Cognitive Engineering Design and Research Team (CEDAR) at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Training engineering is the application of scientific principles to the design, construction, and operation of efficient training systems. Such an approach is necessary because of the level of complexity CBT design and development has reached with the new advanced technologies. Instructional designers are under pressure to implement these new technologies more rapidly than has been required in the past, yet few models have emerged to aid designers in this process. Training engineering is such a model. It provides techniques for design and development that are derived from successful engineering techniques. This paper begins with a discussion of the engineering approach and then applies this approach to training. Examples from prototype CBT projects at Los Alamos are used throughout to illustrate the training engineering concept. 8 refs.

Trainor, M.S.; Andrews, A.E.

1987-01-01

231

Trauma-Focused CBT and Latino Youth: A Developing Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trauma-Focused CBT and Latino Youth: A Developing Perspective Arturo Zinny, MA, LPC (2012)\\u000aTrauma Learning Community\\u000aBiographical Sketch: Arturo Zinny, MA, LPC (2012) is currently Clinical Coordinator of Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Services at Congreso. Mr. Zinny is a graduate of the Universidad Nacional de Rosario in Rosario, Argentina where he received both is Bachelor and Master’s degrees

Zinny Arturo

2012-01-01

232

CBT and the future of personalized treatment: a proposal.  

PubMed

Over the past several decades, the diagnosis of mental disorders has been characterized by classifying psychopathology into as many discrete diagnoses as can be reliability identified (e.g., APA, 2013). There is increasing evidence, however, that this approach to diagnosis may come at the expense of validity as trivial symptom-level differences are emphasized with little regard for common core mechanisms. Traditionally, cognitive-behavioral (CBT) approaches to treating psychopathology have followed a diagnosis-specific approach such that unique protocols have been developed for most disorders. Recent advances in CBT have suggested that targeting transdiagnostic mechanisms responsible for the development and maintenance of a wider range of psychopathology may be a more efficient approach to treatment than addressing disorder symptoms themselves. In order to create a more personalized treatment package, we propose establishing a profile for each patient that quantifies dysfunction in terms of empirically-supported underlying mechanisms; we further suggest that data from this profile be used to select CBT modules specific to the core mechanisms maintaining an individual patient's symptoms. PMID:25407579

Thompson-Hollands, Johanna; Sauer-Zavala, Shannon; Barlow, David H

2014-11-01

233

Testing the MBT/CBT continental paleothermometer (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recently developed MBT/CBT (methylation of branched tetraethers/cyclisation of branched tetraethers) proxy is based on the relative abundance of branched glycerol dialkyl tetraether (GDGT) lipids, derived from bacteria that occur ubiquitously in soils and peats. The degree of cyclisation and methylation, expressed in the CBT and MBT indices, show an empirical relation with soil pH, and with both mean annual air temperature and soil pH, respectively. Hence, continental paleotemperatures can be reconstructed based on the combination of these two indices [1]. Straight forward validation of the MBT/CBT proxy by cultivation experiments is not possible, since the exact group of bacteria that produces the branched GDGTs is still unknown. Therefore, we tested the influence of soil pH and temperature on the distribution of branched GDGTs in natural and manipulated environments. Indeed, branched GDGT distributions in geothermally heated soils and along altitude transects vary systematically with temperature. Likewise, branched GDGT distributions in a long term pH-manipulated field experiment track the changes in soil pH. Absolute concentrations of branched GDGTs in the pH-manipulated fields are highest at low pH, and suggest that the branched GDGT-producers may be found in the phylum of Acidobacteria. A large variety of cultures are currently screened for these compounds. Reference: [1] Weijers et al., 2007, GCA 71, 703-713.

Peterse, F.; Schouten, S.; Sinninghe Damste, J. S.

2010-12-01

234

Web-Based Therapist Training on Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety Disorders: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

The need for clinicians to use evidence-based practices (such as cognitive behavior therapy [CBT]) is now well recognized. However, a gap exists between the need for empirically based treatments and their availability. This is due, in part, to a shortage of clinicians formally trained on CBT. To address this problem, we developed a Web-based therapist CBT training program, to increase accessibility to this training. The program uses a two-step approach: an interactive multimedia online tutorial for didactic training on CBT concepts, followed by live remote observation through a videoconference of trainees conducting CBT, with immediate feedback in real time during critical moments to enhance learning through iterative guidance and practice. Thirty-nine clinicians from around the county completed the online didactic training and 22 completed the live remote training. Results found a significant increase in knowledge of CBT concepts and a significant increase in clinical skills, as judged by a blind rater. User satisfaction was high for both the online tutorial and the videoconference training. Utilization of CBT by trainees increased after training. Results support the acceptability and effectiveness of this Web-based approach to training. PMID:23398031

Kobak, Kenneth A.; Craske, Michelle G.; Rose, Raphael D.; Wolitsky-Taylor, Kate

2013-01-01

235

Vocational Education for the Handicapped: A Competency-Based Teacher-Training Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A vocational/special education model program with a performance based teacher education format was developed at Florida International University to prepare teachers of vocational education for the handicapped. The required course work (which includes an internship) for both groups of educators (special and vocational) supplements the prescribed…

Rosenberg, Howard; Nathanson, David

1978-01-01

236

Remediating and Enriching Performance Learning. Implementing Competency Based Education in Community Colleges, 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series on implementing competency-based education, this monograph discusses some diagnostic and prescriptive techniques which can be used in the day-to-day management of performance learning to determine which students need remediation or enrichment. Using analogies from detective work, the monograph suggests ways of assessing students'…

Loomis, Katherine A.; And Others

237

Approaching Competency-Based Speech Education: Standards for Appraising and Building Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency-based education can be a viable tool for demonstrating accountability in speech communication instruction. The objectives of speech communication instruction tend to be based more upon the content than upon the everyday communication needs of the students. Rather than continue the approach of basing instruction on assumptions of what…

Schmidt, Wallace V.

238

Dental Assisting. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mattia, Nancy

239

Outcome (Competency) Based Education: An Exploration of Its Origins, Theoretical Basis, and Empirical Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcome based or competency based education (OBE) is so firmly established in undergraduate medical education that it might not seem necessary to ask why it was included in recommendations for the future, like the Flexner centenary report. Uncritical acceptance may not, however, deliver its greatest benefits. Our aim was to explore the…

Morcke, Anne Mette; Dornan, Tim; Eika, Berit

2013-01-01

240

Marketing Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of marketing education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that explain how to…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

241

Competency Based Curriculum Development for Rural Secondary Schools in Alaska: A User's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of 18 months' work, this guide to developing and implementing a competency based curriculum for Alaska's North Slope Borough School District is designed to provide personnel in other rural Alaskan districts with information, materials, and planning procedures that can be replicated and/or adapted. Each portion of the North Slope project…

Evenson, Patricia O.

242

Developing a Competency-Based Curriculum for a Dental Hygiene Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the three-step process used to develop a competency-based curriculum at the Caruth School of Dental Hygiene (Texas A&M University). The process involved development of a competency document (detailing three domains, nine major competencies, and 54 supporting competencies), an evaluation plan, and a curriculum inventory which defined the…

DeWald, Janice P.; McCann, Ann L.

1999-01-01

243

Addressing Affective Performance. Implementing Competency Based Education in Community Colleges, 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a series on implementing competency-based education, this monograph provides guidelines for developing and using affective performance objectives. After the characteristics of affective, cognitive, and psychomotor objectives are summarized, a discussion is presented of the skepticism many instructors feel toward the evaluation of areas…

Dewald, Margaret R.; And Others

244

Exploring Agribusiness and Natural Resources. Competency Based Education Curriculum. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide accompanies a competency-based, prevocational exploration curriculum in agribusiness and natural resources (CE 022 472). The teaching plan was designed to acquaint students with career opportunities in these fields and to expose them to a sample of skills required for success in the various related occupations. Approximately…

Lawrence, Layle D.

245

Health Services: Clinical. Respiratory Therapy Aide. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual consists of materials for use in presenting a course in the occupational area of respiratory therapy aide. Included in the first part of the guide are a program master sequence; a master listing of instructional materials, equipment, and supplies; an overview of the competency-based vocational education (CBVE) system; and…

Cave, Julie; And Others

246

The Effect of Virtual versus Traditional Learning in Achieving Competency-Based Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: By rapid developing of the network technology, the internet-based learning methods are substituting the traditional classrooms making them expand to the virtual network learning environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of virtual systems on competency-based skills of first-year nursing students.…

Mosalanejad, Leili; Shahsavari, Sakine; Sobhanian, Saeed; Dastpak, Mehdi

2012-01-01

247

Articulation of Competency Based Education for Nursing. Final Report, 1974-75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project sought to develop a competency based curriculum for Associate Degree Nursing that would be a logical outgrowth of the principles on which student performance outcomes and measurable exit criteria were based. The report includes the products, processes, and evaluation of each of the following project objectives: identification of the…

Mount Hood Community Coll., Gresham, OR.

248

Assessment Criteria for Competency-Based Education: A Study in Nursing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of type of assessment criteria (performance-based vs. competency-based), the relevance of assessment criteria (relevant criteria vs. all criteria), and their interaction on secondary vocational education students' performance and assessment skills. Students on three programmes in the domain of nursing and care…

Fastré, Greet M. J.; van der Klink, Marcel R.; Amsing-Smit, Pauline; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J.

2014-01-01

249

Exploring Agribusiness and Natural Resources. Competency Based Education Curriculum. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based prevocational exploration curriculum in agribusiness and natural resources is divided into the following eight areas: agricultural business (sales); animal science (health and grooming); horticulture (grafting and budding); agricultural products (grading eggs); plant science (germination); soil science (soil acidity and…

Lawrence, Layle D.

250

School Television for Social Studies: A Competency-Based Matrix, Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This matrix keys school films to the social studies competency-based curriculum cbjectives for grade 5. Three television series are included. Emphasis is placed on geography, people, and the economy, but the themes are also related to history and government. The first series, "Across Cultures," focuses on the people of North America, South…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

251

A Critical Time for Medical Education: The Perils of Competence-Based Reform of the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the…

Malone, Karen; Supri, Salinder

2012-01-01

252

How to Develop PACs. Performance and Competency-based Student Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed for developing performance and competency-based student materials (PACs). The PAC, an instructional tool that focuses on helping students master a specific objective, lends itself to vocational instruction. The first nine sections of the guide, consisting of information to assist teachers in gathering background materials…

Rouse, Bill, Comp.

253

Building a Competency-Based Curriculum Architecture to Educate 21st-Century Business Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency-based instruction can be applied to a military setting, an academic program, or a corporate environment with a focus on producing performance-based learning outcomes. In this article, the authors provide theoretical and practical information about underlying characteristics of competencies and explain how the Department of Instructional…

Chyung, Seung Youn; Stepich, Donald; Cox, David

2006-01-01

254

Welding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Browning, Terry

255

Task Listing for Piano Technology for the Visually Impaired. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task listing was developed for use in Piano Technology, a course offered to visually impaired students at the Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind. The listing is intended to be used with the "Trade and Industrial Education Service Area Resource Guide" in the implementation of competency-based education for this population. The major…

Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Div. of Vocational and Adult Education.

256

A critical time for medical education: the perils of competence-based reform of the curriculum.  

PubMed

Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the curriculum, move students beyond a focus on the memorisation and regurgitation of scientific facts, and better enable them to understand scientific principles and apply them to the practice of medicine. Experience from 40 years' use of competence-based curricula across the world suggests that the uncritical application of this approach to the medical curriculum may not achieve its intended aims. There are valuable lessons to be learnt from the history of competence-based education. By taking on board these lessons, confronting the pitfalls of this approach, and devising new and creative solutions to the problems inherent in this methodology, medical educators can better achieve their aim of providing a strong foundation for the practice of medicine in the twenty-first century. It is only through such a strategy-rather than the uncritical adoption of this educational approach-that we will have real movement and progress both in competence-based education in general, and in its applications to medicine in particular. PMID:20838880

Malone, Karen; Supri, Salinder

2012-05-01

257

Electrical Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Cannone, Richard

258

Introduction to MADE (Careers). Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). It consists of some introductory remarks concerning the course, a lesson plan, a course outline, and four sections of lessons for use in implementing the course. Covered in the individual sections are the…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

259

Plumbing and Heating. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mahieu, Louis

260

Custom Cabinetmaking. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Holmes, Kenneth

261

A Competency-Based Medical Student Curriculum Targeting Key Geriatric Syndromes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (UMMSM) has developed and implemented a competency-based undergraduate medical education (UME) curriculum that targets 61 learning objectives for three geriattic syndromes: dementia, falls, and delirium. This curriculum redesign changed the educational focus from what is taught to what is learned.…

van Zuilen, Maria H.; Rodriguez, Osvaldo; Mintzer, Michael J.; Paniagua, Miguel A.; Milanez, Marcos N.; Ruiz, Jorge G.; Kaiser, Robert M.; Roos, Bernard A.

2008-01-01

262

Distributive Education Competency-Based Curriculum Models by Occupational Clusters. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To meet the needs of distributive education teachers and students, a project was initiated to develop competency-based curriculum models for marketing and distributive education clusters. The models which were developed incorporate competencies, materials and resources, teaching methodologies/learning activities, and evaluative criteria for the…

Davis, Rodney E.; Husted, Stewart W.

263

Experiences with a Competency-Based Educational Approach to Reproductive Biology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based educational program for future physicians studying reproductive biology was developed at the University of Utah College of Medicine. The development took the form of a generic model specifying a linear sequence of steps, namely: assess competency needs, specify competencies, determine competency components and performance…

Brown, Thomas C.; And Others

264

Implementing Competency-Based Assessment of Prior Learning. CAEL Institutional Report. Florida International University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of prior learning for the External Degree Program at Florida International University is described. Efforts in the following areas are presented: (1) implementation and evaluation of the competency-based assessment tool, (2) integration of the assessment process with other processes of the External Degree Program and the entire…

Wylie, Nancy

265

United States History. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Proejct.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on United States history is divided into twenty-four topics. The topics included are: Backgrounds of American Colonization; Colonial Life; Causes of the American Revolution; Creating a New…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

266

Competency-Based Adult Education/English as a Second Language Modules: Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains four Competency-Based Adult Education/English as a Second Language (ESL) lessons in the health content area designed for beginning level students. Each lesson revolves around one central character who, in the course of the four lessons, successfully performs four life-coping skills: (1) calling for a doctor's appointment, (2)…

Marinelli, Diane, Ed.

267

Auto Body Repair. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Ormsbee, Robert

268

Marine Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Abbott, Alan

269

Designing a Competency-Based Master of Arts in Management Program for Midcareer Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a competency-based master's program, students assess their competencies and design an individual learning program, then apply their learning through portfolio assignments in 10 management knowledge courses. Competencies include interpersonal, personnel management, and analytical skills; management knowledge; and career-specific skills.…

Spee, James C.; Tompkins, Teri C.

2001-01-01

270

Building Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; a preface; a…

Gudzak, Raymond

271

Universities as Responsive Learning Organizations through Competency-Based Assessment with Electronic Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities should embrace democratic values. Using electronic portfolios, competency-based assessment can enact them. Rather than preset standards, competencies become boundary objects connecting individual student experience to community conversation about what it means to be educated. This article examines this approach in practice at New…

Cambridge, Darren

2008-01-01

272

Supporting Self-Regulated Personalised Learning through Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents two current research trends in e-learning that at first sight appear to compete. Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory (CBKST) provides a knowledge representation framework which, since its invention by Doignon & Falmagne, has been successfully applied in various e-learning systems (for example, Adaptive Learning with…

Steiner, Christina M.; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Albert, Dietrich

2009-01-01

273

A Systematic Approach to the Development of a Competency-Based Doctor of Pharmacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process used by the University of the Pacific for developing a competency-based PharmD program in 1976 is described. The same procedures can be applied to similar programs for any professional degree in pharmacy. Course content, behavioral objectives, and charges to workshop groups are included. (Author/LBH)

Knapp, Katherine K.; Supernaw, Robert B.

1977-01-01

274

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Laser Technology. September 1980-June 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains materials developed by a project to provide a competency-based curriculum guide for laser technology at the community college level. An abstract of the final report is included. Next, the 17 job competencies determined as necessary to meet the job description of laser technician are listed. A career ladder and qualifications…

Fioroni, John J.

275

All Hands on Deck: Ten Lessons from Early Adopters of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived value of postsecondary education to economic competitiveness and individual success is driving innovation in higher education. Competency-based education (CBE) is the latest disruption that seeks to respond to the growing sense of national urgency to boost education attainment. The target audience generally includes those adult…

Book, Patricia A.

2014-01-01

276

Competency Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education in Virginia. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report contains a three-page narrative and extensive appendixes, including correspondence, surveys, field test evaluation and guide, and the Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education in Virginia developed by the project. The over 200-page curriculum guide presents a suggested master curriculum for a twelve or…

Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA. Dept. of Industrial Arts Education.

277

Commercial Art. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Vassallo, Thomas

278

Earth and Physical Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on earth and physical science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Natural Disasters, Chemical Reaction, Laboratory, States of Matter, Force and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

279

Competency Based Education Curriculum for the Orientation and Safety Program of the Oil and Gas Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum for teaching the orientation and safety program for the oil and gas industry in West Virginia is organized into seven units. These units cover the following topics: introduction to oil and gas, first aid, site preparation, drilling operations, equipment familiarity, well completion, and preparation for…

United Career Center, Clarksburg, WV.

280

Cosmetology/Hairstyling. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Romano, Marie

281

The Management Development Program: A Competency-Based Model for Preparing Hospitality Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The master of management program at Cornell University focused on competency-based development of skills for the hospitality industry through core courses, minicourses, skill benchmarking, and continuous improvement. Benefits include a shift in the teacher role to advocate/coach, increased information sharing, student satisfaction, and clear…

Brownell, Judi; Chung, Beth G.

2001-01-01

282

Integrating Authentic Assessment with Competence-Based Learning in Vocational Education: The Protocol Portfolio Scoring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how competence-based learning (CBL) can be organised in vocational education by integrating elements from a holistic instructional design model with recent ideas on assessment. A curriculum based on this model is pre-eminently suitable for an assessment approach emphasising that proof of competence is gathered by having…

Sluijsmans, Dominique M. A.; Straetmans, Gerard J. J. M.; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2008-01-01

283

Disrupting the Game-Changer: Remembering the History of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the changes and challenges that Competency-based education (CBE) has bought to the higher education arena. Cautions are being offered about the most prominent features of the version being promoted today, particularly its hyper-individualization. CBE's recent prominence is due to better technology, a friendly policy…

Gallagher, Chris W.

2014-01-01

284

Fashion Merchandising. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Williams, Edwina

285

Prognostic indices with brief and standard CBT for panic disorder: I. Predictors of outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Despite the growth of reduced therapist-contact cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programmes, there have been few systematic attempts to determine prescriptive indicators for such programmes vis-a` -vis more standard forms of CBT delivery. The present study aimed to address this in relation to brief (6-week) and standard (12-week) therapist-directed CBT for panic disorder (PD) with and without agoraphobia. Higher baseline

JUSTIN A. KENARDY; DEREK W. JOHNSTON; MICHELLE G. NEWMAN; C. BARR TAYLOR; AILEEN THOMSON

2007-01-01

286

training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights new nutritional concerns or practices that may influence the adaptation to training. The discussion is based on the assumption that the adaptation to repeated bouts of training occurs during recovery periods and that if one can train harder, the adaptation will be greater. The goal is to maximize with nutrition the recovery\\/adaptation that occurs in all rest

LAWRENCE L. SPRIET; MARTIN J. GIBALA

287

Interactive, Computer-Based Training Program for Radiological Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is redesigning its Computer-Based Training (CBT) program for radiological workers. The redesign represents a major effort to produce a single, highly interactive and flexible CBT program that will meet the training needs of a wide range of radiological workers--from researchers and x-ray operators to individuals working in tritium, uranium, plutonium, and accelerator facilities. The new

P. A. Trinoskey; P. I. Camacho; L. Wells

2000-01-01

288

We Don't Train in Vain: A Dissemination Trial of Three Strategies of Training Clinicians in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been little research on the effectiveness of different training strategies or the impact of exposure to treatment manuals alone on clinicians' ability to effectively implement empirically supported therapies. Seventy-eight community-based clinicians were assigned to 1 of 3 training conditions: review of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) manual only, review of the manual plus access to a CBT training Web

Diane E. Sholomskas; Gia Syracuse-Siewert; Bruce J. Rounsaville; Samuel A. Ball; Kathryn F. Nuro; Kathleen M. Carroll

2005-01-01

289

The Irritable Bowel Syndrome Outcome Study (IBSOS): rationale and design of a randomized, placebo-controlled trial with 12 month follow up of self- versus clinician-administered CBT for moderate to severe irritable bowel syndrome.  

PubMed

Irritable bowel syndrome is a common, oftentimes disabling, gastrointestinal disorder whose full range of symptoms has no satisfactory medical or dietary treatment. One of the few empirically validated treatments includes a specific psychological therapy called cognitive behavior therapy which, if available, is typically administered over several months by trained practitioners in tertiary care settings. There is an urgent need to develop more efficient versions of CBT that require minimal professional assistance but retain the efficacy profile of clinic based CBT. The Irritable Bowel Syndrome Outcome Study (IBSOS) is a multicenter, placebo-controlled randomized trial to evaluate whether a self-administered version of CBT is, at least as efficacious as standard CBT and more efficacious than an attention control in reducing core GI symptoms of IBS and its burden (e.g. distress, quality of life impairment, etc.) in moderately to severely affected IBS patients. Additional goals are to assess, at quarterly intervals, the durability of treatment response over a 12 month period; to identify clinically useful patient characteristics associated with outcome as a way of gaining an understanding of subgroups of participants for whom CBT is most beneficial; to identify theory-based change mechanisms (active ingredients) that explain how and why CBT works; and evaluate the economic costs and benefits of CBT. Between August 2010 when IBSOS began recruiting subjects and February 2012, the IBSOS randomized 171 of 480 patients. Findings have the potential to improve the health of IBS patients, reduce its social and economic costs, conserve scarce health care resources, and inform evidence-based practice guidelines. PMID:22846389

Lackner, Jeffrey M; Keefer, Laurie; Jaccard, James; Firth, Rebecca; Brenner, Darren; Bratten, Jason; Dunlap, Laura J; Ma, Changxing; Byroads, Mark

2012-11-01

290

The Irritable Bowel Syndrome Outcome Study (IBSOS): Rationale and design of a randomized, placebo-controlled trial with 12 month follow up of self- versus clinician-administered CBT for moderate to severe irritable bowel syndrome  

PubMed Central

Irritable bowel syndrome is a common, oftentimes disabling, gastrointestinal disorder whose full range of symptoms has no satisfactory medical or dietary treatment. One of the few empirically validated treatments includes a specific psychological therapy called cognitive behavior therapy which, if available, is typically administered over several months by trained practitioners in tertiary care settings. There is an urgent need to develop more efficient versions of CBT that require minimal professional assistance but retain the efficacy profile of clinic based CBT. The Irritable Bowel Syndrome Outcome Study (IBSOS) is a multicenter, placebo-controlled randomized trial to evaluate whether a self-administered version of CBT is, at least as efficacious as standard CBT and more efficacious than an attention control in reducing core GI symptoms of IBS and its burden (e.g. distress, quality of life impairment, etc) in moderately to severely affected IBS patients. Additional goals are to assess, at quarterly intervals, the durability of treatment response over a 12 month period; to identify clinically useful patient characteristics associated with outcome as a way of gaining an understanding of subgroups of participants for whom CBT is most beneficial; to identify theory-based change mechanisms (active ingredients) that explain how and why CBT works; and evaluate the economic costs and benefits of CBT. Between August 2010 when IBSOS began recruiting subjects and February 2012, the IBSOS randomized 171 of 480 patients. Findings have the potential to improve the health of IBS patients, reduce its social and economic costs, conserve scarce health care resources, and inform evidence-based practice guidelines. PMID:22846389

Lackner, Jeffrey M.; Keefer, Laurie; Jaccard, James; Firth, Rebecca; Brenner, Darren; Bratten, Jason; Dunlap, Laura J.; Byroads, Mark

2012-01-01

291

A Competency-Based Approach to Preparing Secondary Level Teachers of Reading: (1) Substance and Content, (2) Philosophy and Rationale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two papers were presented at a two-part session on using a competency-based approach to secondary reading teacher preparation. The philosophy and rationale of a performance based approach to reading are discussed by Richard W. Burnett. Competency-based courses in secondary reading are contrasted with such courses in elementary reading and…

Schnell, Thomas R.; Burnett, Richard W.

292

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy versus Temporal Pulse Amplitude Biofeedback Training for Recurrent Headache  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixty-four headache sufferers were allocated randomly to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), temporal pulse amplitude (TPA) biofeedback training, or waiting-list control. Fifty-one participants (14M/37F) completed the study, 30 with migraine and 21 with tension-type headache. Treatment consisted of 8, 1-hour sessions. CBT was highly effective,…

Martin, Paul R.; Forsyth, Michael R.; Reece, John

2007-01-01

293

What Communication Theories Can Teach the Designer of Computer-Based Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews characteristics of computer-based training (CBT) that make application of communication theories appropriate and presents principles from communication theory (e.g., general systems theory, symbolic interactionism, rule theories, and interpersonal communication theories) to illustrate how CBT developers can profitably apply them to…

Larsen, Ronald E.

1985-01-01

294

Cognitive Behavioral Training and Education for Spaceflight Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cognitive behavioral-training (CBT) is an evidence-based practice commonly used to help treat insomnia, and is part of NASA's countermeasure regimen for Fatigue Management. CBT addresses the life style and habits of individuals that are maladaptive to managing stress and fatigue. This includes addressing learned behavioral responses that may cause stress and lead to an increased sense of fatigue. While the initial cause of onset of fatigue in the individual may be no longer present, the perception and engrained anticipation of fatigue persist and cause an exaggerated state of tension. CBT combined with relaxation training allows the individual to unlearn the maladaptive beliefs and behaviors and replace them with routines and techniques that allow cognitive restructuring and resultant relief from stress. CBT allows for elimination in individuals of unwanted ruminating thoughts and anticipatory anxiety by, for example, training the individuals to practice stressful situations in a relaxed state. As a result of CBT, relaxation can be accomplished in many ways, such as progressive muscle relaxation, meditation and guided imagery. CBT is not therapy, but rather the synthesis of behavioral countermeasures. CBT utilizes progressive relaxation as a means of reinforcing educational and cognitive countermeasures. These countermeasures include: masking, elimination of distracting thoughts, anxiety control, split attention, cognitive restructuring and other advanced psychological techniques.

Moonmaw, Ronald

2011-01-01

295

Computer-Assisted CBT for Child Anxiety: The Coping Cat CD-ROM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empirical data support the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for child anxiety, but there is need and merit in the development and evaluation of cost-effective and transportable CBT approaches. Relatedly, a widely endorsed goal is the dissemination of evidence-based treatments from research clinics to community settings.…

Khanna, Muniya S.; Kendall, Philip C.

2008-01-01

296

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Suicide Prevention (CBT-SP): Treatment Model, Feasibility, and Acceptability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the elements of a manual-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for suicide prevention (CBT-SP) and to report its feasibility in preventing the recurrence of suicidal behavior in adolescents who have recently attempted suicide. Method: The CBT-SP was developed using a risk reduction and relapse prevention approach and…

Stanley, Barbara; Brown, Gregory; Brent, David A.; Wells, Karen; Poling, Kim; Curry, John; Kennard, Betsy D.; Wagner, Ann; Cwik, Mary F.; Klomek, Anat Brunstein; Goldstein, Tina; Vitiello, Benedetto; Barnett, Shannon; Daniel, Stephanie; Hughes, Jennifer

2009-01-01

297

The role of executive functioning in CBT: a pilot study with anxious older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for late life anxiety and depression. The successful use of CBT is assumed to rely on cognitive skills known as executive functions (EF; e.g., hypothesis generation, allocation of attention, self-monitoring) governed by the prefrontal cortex. Because older adults sometimes have executive deficits as a consequence of normal aging, EF may be a

Jan Mohlman; Jack M. Gorman

2005-01-01

298

CHANGES TO AUTOMATIC THOUGHTS AND DYSFUNCTIONAL ATTITUDES IN GROUP CBT FOR DEPRESSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study sought to clarify the role of cognitive change in Cognitive Behavi- oural Therapy (CBT) by examining the relationship between depression outcome and changes to automatic thoughts and dysfunctional attitudes at different points of therapy. Thirty patients suffering from Major Depression (MDD) or Dysthymia attended the 12 sessions of a group CBT program. Multiple regressions found total scores

Michele Furlong; Tian P. S. Oei

2002-01-01

299

Performance and Resource Cost Comparisons for the CBT and PIM Multicast Routing Protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have proposed the Core Based Trees (CBT) and Protocol Independent Multicasting (PIM) protocols to route multicast data on internetworks. In this paper, we compare the simulated performance of CBT and PIM using the OPNET network simula- tion tool. Performance metrics include end-to-end delay, network resource usage, join time, the size of the tables containing multicast routing information, and the

Tom Billhartz; J. Bibb Cain; Ellen Farrey-goudreau; Doug Fieg; Stephen Gordon Batsell

1997-01-01

300

A meta-analysis of CBT for pathological worry among clients with GAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous meta-analyses assessing the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) used general measures of anxiety to assess symptom severity and improvement (e.g., Hamilton Anxiety Ratings Scale or a composite measure of anxiety). While informative, these studies do not provide sufficient evidence as to whether CBT significantly reduces the cardinal symptom of GAD: pathological worry. The

Roger Covin; Allison J. Ouimet; Pamela M. Seeds; David J. A. Dozois

2008-01-01

301

An evaluation of the effectiveness of competency-based code blue education.  

PubMed

Two types of mock code programs were compared. The specific factors investigated were nurse satisfaction, comfort, and retention of knowledge and skills. A sample of 48 nurses initially participated in the mock code program, with 45 nurses participating in the 6-month follow-up evaluation. The study revealed that competency-based and group code blue programs resulted in similar levels of satisfaction, knowledge, and rate of performance of critical elements 6 months after the initial program. PMID:9110704

Granneman, S; Conn, V S

1996-01-01

302

Advanced CBT-I 2014 Thursday-Saturday, April 17-19 2014, Loews Hotel Center City Philadelphia, PA  

E-print Network

Advanced CBT-I 2014 Thursday-Saturday, April 17-19 2014, Loews Hotel Center City Philadelphia, PA Lecture on interpreting PSG reports 230 Lecture on combo Tx (Meds and CBT-I) 330 Lecture on Med Titration

Bushman, Frederic

303

Conflict-Oriented Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CO-CBT): An Integrative Approach to the Treatment of Bulimia Nervosa Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes an integrative approach to the treatment of Bulimia Nervosa that combines Cognitive Behavioral Treatment\\u000a (CBT) with short-term dynamic treatment, called conflict-oriented cognitive behavioral treatment (CO-CBT). The need to develop\\u000a an integrative model emerges from the lack of focus on the underlying emotional dynamics in the traditional CBT approach.\\u000a This article provides a brief literature review of CBT

Yael Latzer; Tamar Peretz; Sarit Kreutzer

2008-01-01

304

Implementation of MET/CBT 5 for Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Implementation of effective substance abuse treatment programs in community settings is a high priority. The selection of a proven cost-effective model is a first step; however, difficulty arises when the model is imported into a community setting. The Center on Substance Abuse Treatment selected a brief substance abuse treatment program for adolescents, the MET/CBT-5 program, determined to be the most cost effective protocol in the Cannabis Youth Treatment trial, for implementation in two cohorts of Effective Adolescent Treatment grantees. A qualitative investigation of the protocol implementation with nine sites in the second cohort chronicled adaptations made by grantees and prospects for sustainability. The study found that agencies introduced adaptations without seeming to be aware of potential effects on validity. In most sites sessions were lengthened or added to accommodate individual client needs, address barriers to client participation, and provide consistency with current norms of treatment. Implications for fidelity of future implementation projects are addressed. PMID:18493858

Riley, Katherine J.; Rieckmann, Traci; McCarty, Dennis

2013-01-01

305

Treating Anxiety Disorders in Inner City Schools: Results from a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing CBT and Usual Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) in inner city schools, when delivered by novice CBT clinicians, and compared to usual care (UC), is unknown. Objective: This pilot study addressed this issue by comparing a modular CBT for anxiety disorders to UC in a sample of 32 volunteer youth (mean age 10.28 years, 63%…

Ginsburg, Golda S.; Becker, Kimberly D.; Drazdowski, Tess K.; Tein, Jenn-Yun

2012-01-01

306

E. In Situ Polymerization of Cyclic Butylene Terephthalate(CBT) Oligomers with Conductive fillers for Thermal Management  

E-print Network

E. In Situ Polymerization of Cyclic Butylene Terephthalate(CBT) Oligomers with Conductive fillers (CBT) oligomers for thermal management. We also acknowledge the support of Cool Polymers in Warwick, RI temperature of CBT by blending it with low molecular weight polyols. For example, the addition of poly

Harmon, Julie P.

307

Mindfulness Training and Stress Reactivity in Substance Abuse: Results from a Randomized, Controlled Stage I Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stress is important in substance use disorders (SUDs). Mindfulness training (MT) has shown promise for stress-related maladies. No studies have compared MT to empirically validated treatments for SUDs. The goals of this study were to assess MT compared to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in substance use and treatment acceptability, and specificity of MT compared to CBT in targeting stress reactivity.

Judson A. Brewer; Rajita Sinha; Justin A. Chen; Ravenna N. Michalsen; Theresa A. Babuscio; Charla Nich; Aleesha Grier; Keri L. Bergquist; Deidre L. Reis; Marc N. Potenza; Kathleen M. Carroll; Bruce J. Rounsaville

2009-01-01

308

A randomized trial comparing two models of web-based training in cognitive–behavioral therapy for substance abuse counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared training outcomes obtained by 147 substance abuse counselors who completed eight self-paced online modules on cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) and attended a series of four weekly group supervision sessions using Web conferencing software. Participants were randomly assigned to two conditions that systematically varied the degree to which they explicitly promoted adherence to the CBT protocol and the degree

Kenneth R. Weingardt; Michael A. Cucciare; Christine Bellotti; Wen Pin Lai

2009-01-01

309

Hypermedia for Training: A Software and Instructional Engineering Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an engineering environment oriented to the development of hypermedia applications for training. Training trends are described; requirements for a computer-based training (CBT) strategy are outlined; a hypermedia course structure is examined; microinstructional events (MIEs) are explained; and technology requirements and selection are…

Cortinovis, Renato

1992-01-01

310

Effects of cancer rehabilitation on problem-solving, anxiety and depression: A RCT comparing physical and cognitive-behavioural training versus physical training  

Microsoft Academic Search

We tested the effects on problem-solving, anxiety and depression of 12-week group-based self-management cancer rehabilitation, combining comprehensive physical training (PT) and cognitive-behavioural problem-solving training (CBT), compared with PT. We expected that PT?+?CBT would outperform PT in improvements in problem-solving (Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised (SPSI-R)), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)), and that more anxious and\\/or depressed participants would

Irene Korstjens; Ilse Mesters; Anne M. May; Ellen van Weert; Johanna H. C. van den Hout; Wynand Ros; Josette E. H. M. Hoekstra-Weebers; Cees P. van der Schans; Bart van den Borne

2011-01-01

311

Identification, modification, and implementation of an evidence-based psychotherapy for children in a low-income country: the use of TF-CBT in Zambia  

PubMed Central

Background The need to address the treatment gap in mental health services in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is well recognized and particularly neglected among children and adolescents. Recent literature with adult populations suggests that evidence-based mental health treatments are effective, feasible, and cross-culturally modifiable for use in LMIC. This paper addresses a gap in the literature documenting pre-trial processes. We describe the process of selecting an intervention to meet the needs of a particular population and the process of cross-cultural adaptation. Methods Community-based participatory research principles were implemented for intervention selection, including joint meetings with stakeholders, review of qualitative research, and review of the literature. Trauma-focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) was chosen as the evidence-based practice for modification and feasibility testing. The TF-CBT adaptation process, rooted within an apprenticeship model of training and supervision, is presented. Clinical case notes were reviewed to document modifications. Results Choosing an intervention can work as a collaborative process with community involvement. Results also show that modifications were focused primarily on implementation techniques rather than changes in TF-CBT core elements. Conclusions Studies documenting implementation processes are critical to understanding why intervention choices are made and how the adaptations are generated in global mental health. More articles are needed on how to implement evidence-based treatments in LMIC. PMID:24148551

2013-01-01

312

A feasibility open trial of internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy (iCBT) among consumers of a non-governmental mental health organisation with anxiety  

PubMed Central

Background. To date the efficacy and acceptability of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatments (iCBT) has been examined in clinical trials and specialist facilities. The present study reports the acceptability, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an established iCBT treatment course (the Wellbeing Course) administered by a not-for-profit non-governmental organisation, the Mental Health Association (MHA) of New South Wales, to consumers with symptoms of anxiety. Methods. Ten individuals who contacted the MHA’s telephone support line or visited the MHA’s website and reported at least mild symptoms of anxiety (GAD-7 total scores ?5) were admitted to the study. Participants were provided access to the Wellbeing Course, which comprises five online lessons and homework assignments, and brief weekly support from an MHA staff member via telephone and email. The MHA staff member was an experienced mental health professional and received minimal training in administering the intervention. Results. All 10 participants completed the course within the 8 weeks. Post-treatment and two month follow-up questionnaires were completed by all participants. Mean within-group effect sizes (Cohen’s d) for the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 Item (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 Item (PHQ-9) were large (i.e., > .80) and consistent with previous controlled research. The Course was also rated as highly acceptable with all 10 participants reporting it was worth their time and they would recommend it to a friend. Conclusions. These results provide support for the potential clinical utility of iCBT interventions and the acceptability and feasibility of employing non-governmental mental health organisations to deliver these treatments. However, further research is needed to examine the clinical efficacy and cost-effectiveness of delivering iCBT via such organisations. PMID:24349897

Kirkpatrick, Terry; Manoukian, Linda; Johnston, Luke; Titov, Nickolai

2013-01-01

313

Simulation - the core of computer based training  

SciTech Connect

If Computer Based Training is not to become a mere schematic representation of a textbook on the screen - the author calls such a thing a {open_quotes}page turning machine{close_quotes} - interactivity between the trainee and the personal computer must be the main feature of CBT. Interactivity means that the trainee can try out things by himself on the screen, in order to learn by doing. The highest standard of interactivity is achieved if simulation is the core of CBT. in Germany, the operators of nuclear power plants have developed their own CBT standards. Simulation of power plant components or systems is the center of the authors multimedia CBT concept. Simulation allows the trainee practically to {open_quotes}look into the simulated system{close_quotes} and to carry out his own experiments. For example: system start-up, power modifications, system shut-down, coping with incidents. Control is implemented over a graphic screen display. The CBT-program acts as an instructor: it explains the task, gives the preliminary conditions and evaluates the experiment which is being carried out. The authors pilot projects comprehend simple simulation programs, e.g. controlling of reactor power by means of the control rods or through injection of boric acid or demineralized water. However, in future, CBT simulations will be more professional: they will be system simulations generated with the tools of the major simulator designers, e.g. the complicated oil hydraulic control of a steam turbine. In future, CBT programs will also provide background information such as full text processing of the corresponding operating manual, three dimensional representations of the system components, corresponding circuit diagrams, etc. Of course, existing standard programs will be used for this purpose and will thus be integrated in CBT.

Haferburg, M. [PreussenElektra Aktiengesellschaft, Hannover (Germany)

1996-11-01

314

Manufacturing Management Systems--User Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Production Control Training Program is a competency-based management training program currently in operation at the Defense Systems Division of Honeywell, Incorporated. Designed with the needs of the adult learner in mind, the program involves pretests and meetings between supervisors and individual staff members to identify individualized…

Hunt, C. L.

315

Clinicians’ Views of Computer-Guided CBT in Adult Mental Health and Factors Related to Referrals   

E-print Network

Objectives: Computer-guided CBT could help to increase much needed access to lowintensity psychological interventions. Evidence for effectiveness has led to the inclusion of certain packages in NICE guidelines but ...

Varley, Melissa C.

316

Developments in Australia's Vocational Education and Training System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's national vocational education and training (VET) system and nationally funded technical and further education colleges were established in the 1970s. In the 1980s, traineeships complementing traditional apprenticeships and competency-based training were instituted. An industry-led training system was established in the 1990s. Total VET…

Robinson, Chris

317

Simulation & Training: Spring 1998 Interest Group Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The proceedings for the Spring of 1998 meeting of the Simulation and Training (S&T) Center are presented in this document. Sixteen presentations are included. Topics of discussion cover information on: 1998 accomplishments and activities; workforce cross-training issues; the National Institute for the Uniform licensing of Power Engineers (NIULPE) including an introduction to NIULPE's certification program and its importance; proposed ASME qualifications of high capacity fossil fuel fired boiler operator (QFO) standards; certification standards; interactive performance-based simulation for cross training power plant personnel; 1999 proposed target projects; EPRI Instrumentation and Control (I&C) activities and S&T Center collaborative opportunities; environmental management standards; utilizing computer-based training (CBT) and distributed learning for employee development; CBT evaluation methods; current S&T Center training courses and proposals for future course development and sponsorship; turbine start-up CBT demonstration; utilizing technology to maximize web capabilities; CBT interoperability and computer-managed instruction; and 1998 Fall Interest Group meeting.

None

1998-08-01

318

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Adjusting to Multiple Sclerosis (The saMS Trial): Does CBT Work and for Whom Does It Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aims were (a) to test the effectiveness of a nurse-led cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program to assist adjustment in the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS) and (b) to determine moderators of treatment including baseline distress, social support (SS), and treatment preference. Method: Ninety-four ambulatory people with MS…

Moss-Morris, Rona; Dennison, Laura; Landau, Sabine; Yardley, Lucy; Silber, Eli; Chalder, Trudie

2013-01-01

319

Recruitment into a guided internet based CBT (iCBT) intervention for depression: Lesson learnt from the failure of a prevalence recruitment strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionInternet based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (iCBT) represents a significant development in the way psychological interventions are delivered. Studies tend to recruit via common media channels leading to criticisms of biased sample sizes and limited generalisability to primary care settings.

Joanne Woodford; Paul Farrand; Michael Bessant; Christopher Williams

2011-01-01

320

Building Operator Certification: Improving Commercial Building Energy Efficiency Through Operator Training and Certification  

E-print Network

Building Operator Certification (BOC) is a competency-based certification for building operators designed to improve the energy efficiency of commercial buildings. Operators earn certification by attending training sessions and completing project...

Putnam, C.; Mulak, A.

2001-01-01

321

Training Counselors to Work Competently with Individuals and Families with Health and Mental Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A paradigm shift is underway in the training of professional counselors. It involves a shift in orientation from an input-based or traditional model of training to an outcomes-based or competency-based model of training. This article provides a detailed description of both input-based and outcomes-based training and instructional methods. It…

Sperry, Len

2012-01-01

322

Group Training of Stress Management vs. Group Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in Reducing Depression, Anxiety and Perceived Stress Among HIV-Positive Men  

PubMed Central

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of group training of stress management with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in reducing depression, anxiety and stress perceived among HIV-positive men. Methods:Inthis semi-experimental study, three groups of HIV-positive men (CBT group, stress management group, and control group) including 15 patients in each group were compared regarding depression, anxiety, and stress using pre-test and post-test tools. Results: Both interventions (CBT and stress management) were effective in reducing depression, anxiety and perceived stress. Evaluating adjustedmean showed the more effectivenessofthe group stressmanagementtraining than CBT. Conclusion: Group stress management training is more effective than group CBT in HIV-positive mentodecreasedepression, anxiety and stress management. Declaration of interest: None. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: http://.irct.ir. Unique identifier: 2012121711782N1 PMID:24644493

Hemmati Sabet, Akbar; Khalatbari, Javad; Abbas Ghorbani, Maryam; Haghighi, Mohammad; Ahmadpanah, Mohammad

2013-01-01

323

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Nursing Occupations. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for nursing occupations is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Following an introductory section giving the philosophy, background, and recommendations for nursing education, the 82 study units are…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

324

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Drafting. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for drafting occupations is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Contents of the guide are divided into eight curriculum levels, and students should be able to enter the program at the appropriate level of…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

325

A Computer-Based Training System for American Antique Chair Styles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A computer-based training (CBT) system was designed to train learners to recognize six styles of 18th century American antique chairs. The project consisted of five phases. The first phase consisted of a needs analysis to determine the training needs for the target population. Three groups of learners were identified: antique sales personnel,…

See, Maha

326

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

327

The University of Nebraska at Omaha/Westside Community Schools Competency Based, Field Oriented Teacher Preparation Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental activities and experiences of the University of Nebraska at Omaha/Omaha Westside Community Schools' five-year teacher preparation program are described. The program is designed to prepare classroom educators in a field-oriented, competency-based program involving a fifth year, partially-paid, pre-teaching experience. Program…

Bunsen, Dale M.

328

Continuing Professional Development Needs of Teachers in Schools for Competence-Based Vocational Education: A Case Study from The Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to help schools for vocational education determine teachers' continuing professional development needs associated with implementing competence-based education programs, so that these schools can develop better attuned HR policies. It investigates which elements from the cognitive apprenticeship model and…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.

2010-01-01

329

The Characteristics of Instructional Materials for Competency-Based Education: Perceptions of Instructors, Administrators, and Instructional Designers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of educators was conducted to determine the relative importance of eight desirable characteristics of competency based education materials and then to apply the results to materials actually in use. Initially, 129 vocational instructors, administrators, and instructional designers were surveyed using a pair-comparison method. Objectives…

Kromhout, Ora M.; Massey, Romeo M.

330

Development and Field Test of Competency Based Instructional Material for a Career Mobility Program for Licensed Practical Nurses. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Associate Degree Nursing Program at Bergen Community College developed and field tested competency-based instructional modules in a program designed to allow licensed practical nurses to qualify to take the certification examination for registered nurses after a year of study. Thirteen licensed practical nurses were enrolled in the first class…

Bergen Community Coll., Paramus, NJ.

331

The Development and Implementation of an Open-Entry/Open-Exit Competency-Based Individualized Nursing Assistant Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to increase retention rates among nursing assistant program students, an open-entry/open-exit competency-based individualized program was implemented in 1990 at a small vocational skills center serving low-socioeconomic adult students. This change was instituted in response to a growing drop-out rate and to difficulties expressed by…

Jones, Sylvester L.

332

Automotive and Diesel Engine Rebuilding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Salvatore, Gerald

333

Management Guide to a Competency-Based Adult Education Program for Administrators, Counselors, Teachers. 1984-1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 310 Special Demonstration Project was conducted in Florida to create a model of competency-based adult education (CBAE) based on the programs currently in existence. This manual, which was produced through the project, presents an overview of CBAE and explains in detail how to operate a CBAE program. The manual is organized in 11 sections. The…

Brevard Community Coll., Cocoa, FL.

334

Integration of Academic and Vocational-Technical Education: An Administrator's Guide. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, which is one in a series of 29 competency-based administrator education learning packages and related supportive materials focusing upon specific professional competencies of vocational administrators, deals with integrating academic and vocational-technical education. The first section discusses the need to integrate academic and…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

335

Trade and Industrial Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of trade and industrial education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

336

Teaching and Learning in a Competence-Based Curriculum: The Case of Four Secondary Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on four case study schools that have adopted innovative competence-based curriculum (CBC) projects in Year 7 for a variety of educational and social reasons. The article discusses the issues and challenges posed by the CBC for teachers in the daily life of the classroom. Philosophical ideas about the purpose of education vary…

Byrne, Jenny; Downey, Christopher; Souza, Ana

2013-01-01

337

Competency-Based Adult Education Classroom Management Guide for Adult Basic Education Curriculum (Level II, 5-8).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Competency-Based Adult Basic Education (CBABE) Classroom Management Guide was developed to aid the Adult Basic Education (ABE) facilitator in implementing a model CBABE Level 5-8 curriculum. First, introductory material provides background on the CBABE project at Brevard Community College (Florida) and the rationale for the development of the…

Singer, Elizabeth

338

A Description of a Student-Staffed, Competency-Based Laboratory for the Assessment of Interpersonal Communication Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based skill development and assessment procedure is used in an interpersonal communication course (SpCom 100) at Golden West College in California. SpCom 100, which offers 18 to 24 sections each semester, includes eight units: the interpersonal process, conversation, self-concept and disclosure, perception, verbal language, nonverbal…

Ratliffe, Sharon A.; Hudson, David D.

339

Competency-Based Approaches: Linking Theory and Practice in Professional Education with Particular Reference to Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paul Hager and I worked on a large number of research projects and publications throughout the 1990s. The focus of this work was on developing a competency-based approach to professional education and assessment. I review this work and its impact over the years. Notwithstanding the fact that most professional associations today have a competency…

Gonczi, Andrew

2013-01-01

340

A Guide to Task Analysis for Competency Based Education. Health Occupations. Task Linkage Project Publication No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through synthesis and review of existing task analysis literature, this guide lists tasks expected to be performed by workers in ten health occupations and presents information for incorporating these tasks into articulated secondary and postsecondary competency based educational programs. Task listings are presented for the following…

Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. School of Education.

341

Customized, Outcome-Based, Relevant Evaluation (CORE) at Lipscomb University: A Competency-Based Education Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, there has been a surge of interest in competency-based degree programs at the postsecondary level. These programs are promising for the future of higher education because they establish clear expectations for what graduates must know and be able to do, and many models have been designed to allow students to learn and earn a degree…

Klein-Collins, Rebecca; Olson, Rick

2014-01-01

342

Commercial Photography and Television Production. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Zelenak, John

343

Recreational Vehicle Maintenance and Repair. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Felice, Michael

344

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for carers of patients with Parkinson's disease: a preliminary randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Objective: Most individuals with Parkinson's disease live in their own homes cared for by a family member. Providing such long term care can be a source of significant stress, with many carers experiencing sleep difficulty, depression, anxiety, loneliness, and other symptoms of psychological strain. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is one of the most widely used psychological treatments in clinical use today, with applications across the full range of clinical conditions. It has been previously used in the management of other carer groups. The present study sought to evaluate the efficacy of CBT in treating psychological distress in a group of Parkinson's disease carers. Method: A total of 30 carers scoring at caseness level on the 28 item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) were randomised to receive either a course of 12–14 sessions of CBT or to a no-treatment control group. Results: Although some change was observed in both groups, significantly greater improvement on the GHQ-28 was observed after three months in the CBT treated group. Similar findings were observed in measures of caregiver strain and subjective burden, with the benefits being maintained over a subsequent three month follow up period. Conclusions: These results offer preliminary support to the value of a CBT approach in the management of psychological morbidity in Parkinson's disease carers. Further larger scale research is needed in the future to examine the generalisability of the findings to a broader range of carers, assess the longer term impact on outcome in carers and those with Parkinson's disease, and explore how CBT can be best delivered in the most cost effective manner. PMID:15774433

Secker, D; Brown, R

2005-01-01

345

Competency-Based Reforms of the Undergraduate Biology Curriculum: Integrating the Physical and Biological Sciences  

PubMed Central

The National Experiment in Undergraduate Science Education project funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is a direct response to the Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians report, which urged a shift in premedical student preparation from a narrow list of specific course work to a more flexible curriculum that helps students develop broad scientific competencies. A consortium of four universities is working to create, pilot, and assess modular, competency-based curricular units that require students to use higher-order cognitive skills and reason across traditional disciplinary boundaries. Purdue University; the University of Maryland, Baltimore County; and the University of Miami are each developing modules and case studies that integrate the biological, chemical, physical, and mathematical sciences. The University of Maryland, College Park, is leading the effort to create an introductory physics for life sciences course that is reformed in both content and pedagogy. This course has prerequisites of biology, chemistry, and calculus, allowing students to apply strategies from the physical sciences to solving authentic biological problems. A comprehensive assessment plan is examining students’ conceptual knowledge of physics, their attitudes toward interdisciplinary approaches, and the development of specific scientific competencies. Teaching modules developed during this initial phase will be tested on multiple partner campuses in preparation for eventual broad dissemination. PMID:23737624

Thompson, Katerina V.; Chmielewski, Jean; Gaines, Michael S.; Hrycyna, Christine A.; LaCourse, William R.

2013-01-01

346

A test of the California competency-based differentiated role model.  

PubMed

To address the incongruence between the expectations of nursing service and education in California, the Education Industry Interface Task Force of the California Strategic Planning Committee for Nursing developed descriptions to assist employers and educators in clearly differentiating practice and educational competencies. The completion of the Competency-Based Role Differentiation Model resulted in the need to test the model for its utility in the service setting, in education, and for career planning for nurses. Three alpha demonstration sites were selected based on representative geographical regions of California. The sites were composed of tri-partnerships consisting of a medical center, an associate degree in nursing program, and a baccalaureate nursing program. Observers rated senior students and new graduates in medical-surgical units on their behaviors in teacher and leadership care provider and care coordinator roles. The alpha demonstration study results were as expected. That is, senior students practice predominantly at a novice level in teacher and management/leadership care provider functions and new graduates practice predominately at the competent level. New graduates are more likely to take on novice and competent care coordinator roles. The CBRDM may be useful for practice and education settings to evaluate student and nurse performance, to define role expectations, and to identify the preparation necessary for the roles. It is useful for all of nursing as it continues to define its levels of practice and their relationship to on-the-job performance, curriculum development, and carrier planning. PMID:12790066

Keating, Sarah B; Rutledge, Dana N; Sargent, Arlene; Walker, Polly

2003-01-01

347

Randomized Clinical Trial of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) versus Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Mixed Anxiety Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Randomized comparisons of acceptance-based treatments with traditional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders are lacking. To address this gap, we compared acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) to CBT for heterogeneous anxiety disorders. Method: One hundred twenty-eight individuals (52% female, mean age = 38, 33%…

Arch, Joanna J.; Eifert, Georg H.; Davies, Carolyn; Vilardaga, Jennifer C. Plumb; Rose, Raphael D.; Craske, Michelle G.

2012-01-01

348

Daytime functioning in older patients suffering from chronic insomnia: Treatment outcome in a randomized controlled trial comparing CBT with Zopiclone  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents data from a randomized controlled trial comparing treatment effects of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), hypnotic treatment (Zopiclone), and placebo in a sample of insomnia patients. Data from the same trial have already demonstrated that CBT was more efficient in improving sleep than Zopiclone. The novel outcomes that are reported here concern daytime functioning.Forty-six older patients (age?55) qualifying

Siri Omvik; Børge Sivertsen; Ståle Pallesen; Bjørn Bjorvatn; Odd E. Havik; Inger Hilde Nordhus

2008-01-01

349

The ABCs of CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy): Evidence-Based Approaches to Child Anxiety in Public School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated a locally developed cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) intervention program in a public elementary school. In the prevention approach, 118 children were randomly assigned either to an 8-week intervention or to a wait-list control. Results of statistical analysis indicated that the manualized CBT intervention did not reduce…

Miller, Lynn D.; Short, Christina; Garland, E. Jane; Clark, Sandra

2010-01-01

350

Affect regulation training (ART) for alcohol use disorders: development of a novel intervention for negative affect drinkers.  

PubMed

Although negative affect is a common precipitant of alcohol relapse, there are few interventions for alcohol dependence that specifically target negative affect. In this stage 1a/1b treatment development study, several affect regulation strategies (e.g., mindfulness, prolonged exposure, distress tolerance) were combined to create a new treatment supplement called affect regulation training (ART), which could be added to enhance cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for alcohol dependence. A draft therapy manual was given to therapists and treatment experts before being administered to several patients who also provided input. After two rounds of manual development (stage 1a), a pilot randomized clinical trial (N=77) of alcohol-dependent outpatients who reported drinking often in negative affect situations was conducted (stage 1b). Participants received 12-weekly, 90-minute sessions of either CBT for alcohol dependence plus ART (CBT+ART) or CBT plus a healthy lifestyles control condition (CBT+HLS). Baseline, end-of-treatment, and 3- and 6-month posttreatment interviews were conducted. For both treatment conditions, participant ratings of treatment satisfaction were high, with CBT+ART rated significantly higher. Drinking outcome results indicated greater reductions in alcohol use for CBT+ART when compared to CBT+HLS, with moderate effect sizes for percent days abstinent, drinks per day, drinks per drinking day, and percent heavy drinking days. Overall, findings support further research on affect regulation interventions for negative affect drinkers. PMID:23876455

Stasiewicz, Paul R; Bradizza, Clara M; Schlauch, Robert C; Coffey, Scott F; Gulliver, Suzy B; Gudleski, Gregory D; Bole, Christopher W

2013-01-01

351

Affect Regulation Training (ART) for Alcohol Use Disorders: Development of a Novel Intervention for Negative Affect Drinkers  

PubMed Central

Although negative affect is a common precipitant of alcohol relapse, there are few interventions for alcohol dependence that specifically target negative affect. In this Stage 1a/1b treatment development study, several affect regulation strategies (e.g., mindfulness, prolonged exposure, distress tolerance) were combined to create a new treatment supplement called Affect Regulation Training (ART), which could be added to enhance Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for alcohol dependence. A draft therapy manual was given to therapists and treatment experts before being administered to several patients who also provided input. After two rounds of manual development (Stage 1a), a pilot randomized clinical trial (N = 77) of alcohol-dependent outpatients who reported drinking often in negative affect situations was conducted (Stage 1b). Participants received 12-weekly, 90-minute sessions of either CBT for alcohol dependence plus ART (CBT + ART) or CBT plus a healthy lifestyles control condition (CBT + HLS). Baseline, end-of-treatment, and 3- and 6-month posttreatment interviews were conducted. For both treatment conditions, participant ratings of treatment satisfaction were high, with CBT + ART rated significantly higher. Drinking outcome results indicated greater reductions in alcohol use for CBT + ART when compared to CBT + HLS, with moderate effect sizes for percent days abstinent, drinks per day, drinks per drinking day, and percent heavy drinking days. Overall, findings support further research on affect regulation interventions for negative affect drinkers. PMID:23876455

Stasiewicz, Paul R.; Bradizza, Clara M.; Schlauch, Robert C.; Coffey, Scott F.; Gulliver, Suzy B.; Gudleski, Gregory; Bole, Christopher W.

2013-01-01

352

Increasing Teacher Access to Ongoing Computer Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Training Modules for Trainers (TMT) Project. Discusses the creation of competency-based materials, observing trainers at work and choosing a feasible model. Lists the titles and descriptions of TMT modules. Describes the purpose of the project as promoting the creative and productive use of computers as instructional tools. (CW)

Carlson, Elizabeth A.; Berger, Carl F.

1988-01-01

353

Contradictions in the Practices of Training for and Assessment of Competency: A Case Study from the Maritime Domain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the contradictions in the current maritime education and training system (MET), which is based on competency-based education, training and assessment, and to theorize the failure to make the training useful. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of education and training in the international…

Emad, Gholamreza; Roth, Wolff Michael

2008-01-01

354

Community clinic treatment of depressed youth: Benchmarking usual care against CBT clinical trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used a benchmarking strategy to evaluate the effectiveness of community psychotherapy for depressed youth relative to evidence-based treatment in clinical trials. Symptom trajectories of depressed youth treated in community mental health centers (CMHCs) were compared with trajectories of youth treated with cognitive- behavioral therapy (CBT) in clinical trials. Overall, outcomes of CMHC youth more closely resembled those of

V. Robin Weersing; John R. Weisz

2002-01-01

355

Mother-Child Interactions and Childhood OCD: Effects of CBT on Mother and Child Observed Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This waitlist-controlled study investigates the impact of a group-based cognitive-behavioral therapy with family involvement (CBT-F) on observed mother and child behaviors in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Forty-four children and adolescents with OCD and their mothers were observed during family discussions before and after…

Schlup, Barbara; Farrell, Lara; Barrett, Paula

2011-01-01

356

Child Maltreatment History and Response to CBT Treatment in Depressed Mothers Participating in Home Visiting.  

PubMed

Child maltreatment contributes to depression in adults. Evidence indicates that such experiences are associated with poorer outcomes in treatment. Mothers in home visiting programs display high rates of depression and child maltreatment histories. In-Home Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (IH-CBT) was developed to treat maternal depression in home visiting. The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effects of child maltreatment history on depression, social functioning, and parenting in mothers participating in a clinical trial of IH-CBT. Ninety-three depressed mothers in home visiting between 2 and 10 months postpartum were randomly assigned to IH-CBT (n = 47) plus home visiting or standard home visiting (SHV; n = 46). Mothers were identified via screening and then confirmation of major depressive disorder diagnosis. Measures of child maltreatment history, depression, social functioning, and parenting were administered at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 3-month follow-up. Results indicated high rates of maltreatment in both conditions relative to the general population. Mixed model analyses found a number of main effects in which experiences of different types of trauma were associated with poorer functioning regardless of treatment condition. Evidence of a moderating effect of maltreatment on treatment outcomes was found for physical abuse and parenting and emotional abuse and social network size. Future research should focus on increasing the effectiveness of IH-CBT with depressed mothers who have experienced child maltreatment. PMID:25395221

Ammerman, Robert T; Peugh, James L; Teeters, Angelique R; Putnam, Frank W; Van Ginkel, Judith B

2014-11-13

357

A Randomised Controlled Trial of a CBT Intervention for Anxiety in Children with Asperger Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief CBT intervention for anxiety with children diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (AS). A second interest was to evaluate whether more intensive parent involvement would increase the child's ability to manage anxiety outside of the clinic setting. Methods: Seventy-one children…

Sofronoff, Kate; Attwood, Tony; Hinton, Sharon

2005-01-01

358

Computerised CBT self-help for depression in Higher Education: Reflections on a pilot  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: This study comprised the second phase of a small-scale exploration of the viability of a computerised CBT intervention for depression within the context of a Higher Education counselling service. Method: The program ‘Beating the Blues’™ (BtB) was offered to students experiencing depression, with measurement of uptake, attrition, satisfaction and effectiveness of the program. Results: Outcomes were calculated alone and

Nicky Mitchell

2009-01-01

359

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Online versus Clinic-Based CBT for Adolescent Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The study examined the relative efficacy of online (NET) versus clinic (CLIN) delivery of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) in the treatment of anxiety disorders in adolescents. Method: Participants included 115 clinically anxious adolescents aged 12 to 18 years and their parent(s). Adolescents were randomly assigned to NET, CLIN, or…

Spence, Susan H.; Donovan, Caroline L.; March, Sonja; Gamble, Amanda; Anderson, Renee E.; Prosser, Samantha; Kenardy, Justin

2011-01-01

360

Constraints on the application of the MBT\\/CBT palaeothermometer at high latitude environments (Svalbard, Norway)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) are membrane lipids of unknown bacteria that are ubiquitous in soil and peat. Two indices based on the distribution of these lipids in soils, the Cyclization of Branched Tetraethers (CBT) and the Methylation of Branched Tetraethers (MBT) indices have been shown to correlate with soil pH, and mean annual air temperature (MAT) and soil

Francien Peterse; Jung-Hyun Kim; Stefan Schouten; Dorthe Klitgaard Kristensen; Nalân Koç; Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté

2009-01-01

361

Performance and Resource Cost Comparisons for the CBT and PIM Multicast Routing Protocols in DIS Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have proposed the core based trees (CBT) and protocol independent multicasting (PIM) protocols to route multicast data on internetworks. The performance of these protocols is examined in the distributed interactive simulation (DIS) environment using the OPNET network simulation tool. The simulation results provide measures of important performance metrics including end-to-end delay, network resource usage, and join time. The size

Tom Billhartz; J. Bibb Cain; Ellen Farrey-goudreau; Doug Fieg; Stephen Gordon Batsell

1996-01-01

362

Staff Expectations and Views of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The role of support workers and other professionals in the psychotherapeutic process has been commented upon but not as yet been systematically investigated. Method: To explore their views and expectations of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for adults with intellectual disabilities, eleven paid support workers and professionals were…

Kroese, Biza Stenfert; Jahoda, Andrew; Pert, Carol; Trower, Peter; Dagnan, Dave; Selkirk, Mhairi

2014-01-01

363

Insomniacs' reported use of CBT components and relationship to long-term clinical outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is considerable evidence for the efficacy of non-pharmacological treatment of insomnia, many of the larger trials have delivered CBT in multicomponent format. This makes it impossible to identify critical ingredients responsible for improvement. Furthermore, compliance with home implementation is difficult to ascertain in psychological therapies, and even more so when trying to differentiate across a range of elements.

Linda Harvey; Stephanie J. Inglis; Colin A. Espie

2002-01-01

364

Beyond NAVMEC: competency-based veterinary education and assessment of the professional competencies.  

PubMed

The implementation of competency-based curricula within the health sciences has been an important paradigm shift over the past 30 years. As a result, one of the five strategic goals recommended by the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium (NAVMEC) report was to graduate career-ready veterinarians who are proficient in, and have the confidence to use, an agreed-upon set of core competencies. Of the nine competencies identified as essential for veterinary graduates, seven could be classified as professional or non-technical competencies: communication; collaboration; management (self, team, system); lifelong learning, scholarship, value of research; leadership; diversity and multicultural awareness; and adaptation to changing environments. Traditionally, the professional competencies have received less attention in veterinary curricula and their assessment is often sporadic or inconsistent. In contrast, the same or similar competencies are being increasingly recognized in other health professions as essential skills and abilities, and their assessment is being undertaken with enhanced scrutiny and critical appraisal. Several challenges have been associated with the assessment of professional competencies, including agreement as to their definition and therefore their evaluation, the fact that they are frequently complex and require multiple integrative assessments, and the ability and/or desire of faculty to teach and assess these competencies. To provide an improved context for assessment of the seven professional competencies identified in the NAVMEC report, this article describes a broad framework for their evaluation as well as specific examples of how these or similar competencies are currently being measured in medical and veterinary curricula. PMID:23709107

Hodgson, Jennifer L; Pelzer, Jacquelyn M; Inzana, Karen D

2013-01-01

365

Trial of CBT for impulse control behaviors affecting Parkinson patients and their caregivers  

PubMed Central

Objective: To test the effects of a novel cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)–based intervention delivered by a nurse therapist to patients with Parkinson disease (PD) with clinically significant impulse control behaviors (ICB). Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial comparing up to 12 sessions of a CBT-based intervention compared to a waiting list control condition with standard medical care (SMC). A total of 27 patients were randomized to the intervention and 17 to the waiting list. Patients with a Mini-Mental State Examination score of <24 were excluded. The coprimary outcomes were overall symptom severity and neuropsychiatric disturbances in the patients and carer burden and distress after 6 months. Secondary outcome measures included depression and anxiety, marital satisfaction, and work and social adjustment in patients plus general psychiatric morbidity and marital satisfaction in carers. Results: There was a significant improvement in global symptom severity in the CBT intervention group vs controls, from a mean score consistent with moderate to one of mild illness-related symptoms (?2 = 16.46, p < 0.001). Neuropsychiatric disturbances also improved significantly (p = 0.03), as did levels of anxiety and depression and adjustment. Measures of carer burden and distress showed changes in the desired direction in the intervention group but did not change significantly. General psychiatric morbidity did improve significantly in the carers of patients given CBT. Conclusions: This CBT-based intervention is the first to show efficacy in ICB related to PD in terms of patient outcomes. The hoped-for alleviation of carer burden was not observed. The study demonstrates the feasibility and potential benefit of a psychosocial treatment approach for these disturbances at least in the short term, and encourages further larger-scale clinical trials. Classification of evidence: The study provides Class IV evidence that CBT plus SMC is more effective than SMC alone in reducing the severity of ICB in PD, based upon Clinical Global Impression assessment (?2 = 16.46, p < 0.001): baseline to 6-month follow-up, reduction in symptom severity CBT group, 4.0–2.5; SMC alone group, 3.7–3.5. PMID:23325911

Okai, David; Askey-Jones, Sally; Samuel, Michael; O’Sullivan, Sean S.; Chaudhuri, K. Ray; Martin, Anne; Mack, Joel; Brown, Richard G.

2013-01-01

366

A CBT module with integrated simulation component for software project management education and training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to increasing demand for software project managers in industry, efforts are needed to develop the management-related knowledge and skills of the current and future software workforce. In particular, university education needs to provide to their computer science and software engineering (SE) students not only technology-related skills but, in addition, a basic understanding of typical phenomena occurring in industrial (and

Dietmar Pfahl; Marco Klemm; Günther Ruhe

2001-01-01

367

Development and Implementation of Health and Wellness CBT for Individuals with Depression and HIV.  

PubMed

Rates of depression are reported to be between 22-33% in adults with HIV, which is double that of the general population. Depression negatively affects treatment adherence and health outcomes of those with medical illnesses. Further, it has been shown in adults that reducing depression may improve both adherence and health outcomes. To address the issues of depression and non-adherence, Health and Wellness (H&W) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and medication management (MM) treatment strategies have been developed specifically for youth living with both HIV and depression. H&W CBT is based on other studies with uninfected youth and upon research on adults with HIV. H&W CBT uses problem-solving, motivational interviewing, and cognitive-behavioral strategies to decrease adherence obstacles and increase wellness. The intervention is delivered in 14 planned sessions over a 6-month period, with three different stages of CBT. This paper summarizes the feasibility and acceptability data from an open depression trial with 8 participants, 16-24 years of age, diagnosed with HIV and with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) diagnosis of depression, conducted at two treatment sites in the Adolescent Trials Network (ATN). Both therapists and subjects completed a Session Evaluation Form (SEF) after each session, and results were strongly favorable. Results from The Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician (QIDS-C) also showed noteworthy improvement in depression severity. A clinical case vignette illustrates treatment response. Further research will examine the use of H&W CBT in a larger trial of youth diagnosed with both HIV and depression. PMID:24795524

Kennard, B; Brown, L; Hawkins, L; Risi, A; Radcliffe, J; Emslie, G; Mayes, T; King, J; Foxwell, A; Buyukdura, J; Bethel, J; Naar-King, S; Xu, J; Lee, S; Garvie, P; London, C; Tanney, M; Thornton, S

2014-05-01

368

Development and Implementation of Health and Wellness CBT for Individuals with Depression and HIV  

PubMed Central

Rates of depression are reported to be between 22–33% in adults with HIV, which is double that of the general population. Depression negatively affects treatment adherence and health outcomes of those with medical illnesses. Further, it has been shown in adults that reducing depression may improve both adherence and health outcomes. To address the issues of depression and non-adherence, Health and Wellness (H&W) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and medication management (MM) treatment strategies have been developed specifically for youth living with both HIV and depression. H&W CBT is based on other studies with uninfected youth and upon research on adults with HIV. H&W CBT uses problem-solving, motivational interviewing, and cognitive-behavioral strategies to decrease adherence obstacles and increase wellness. The intervention is delivered in 14 planned sessions over a 6-month period, with three different stages of CBT. This paper summarizes the feasibility and acceptability data from an open depression trial with 8 participants, 16–24 years of age, diagnosed with HIV and with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) diagnosis of depression, conducted at two treatment sites in the Adolescent Trials Network (ATN). Both therapists and subjects completed a Session Evaluation Form (SEF) after each session, and results were strongly favorable. Results from The Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician (QIDS-C) also showed noteworthy improvement in depression severity. A clinical case vignette illustrates treatment response. Further research will examine the use of H&W CBT in a larger trial of youth diagnosed with both HIV and depression. PMID:24795524

Kennard, B.; Brown, L.; Hawkins, L.; Risi, A.; Radcliffe, J.; Emslie, G.; Mayes, T.; King, J.; Foxwell, A.; Buyukdura, J.; Bethel, J.; Naar-King, S.; Xu, J.; Lee, S.; Garvie, P.; London, C.; Tanney, M.; Thornton, S.

2014-01-01

369

Employer Engagement with the Vocational Education and Training System in Australia. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a review of literature on employer engagement with vocational education and training (VET). The main conclusion is that the major form of engagement is through the competency-based training system, which is manifested through training packages. Another way employers are encouraged to engage with VET is through competition amongst…

Stanwick, John

2009-01-01

370

Computer-based training applied to nondestructive examination  

SciTech Connect

Innovation is placing greater demands on Nondestructive Examination (NDE) technicians. Along with increased demands on the technician`s skills comes increased demands on his time. The need to use technicians productively limits the time available for training. It is hypothesized that an interactive Computer Based Training System (CBT) could meet or support these needs. The results of a literature search and survey of available software are presented and a proposed CBT system for training and testing NDE Technicians is modeled. Areas for future investigation are also discussed. It is the purpose of this paper to address the following questions. Is CBT an effective tool for imparting technical knowledge and skills and can it provide meaningful measurements of the student`s proficiency? Does a CBT system exist at this time for training and testing NDE technicians for recertification? If a system is presently under development, what have been the experiences of the organizations that have attempted this development? If such a system exists, what is its nature and what have been the experiences of organizations that have attempted to incorporate the system into their training protocol?

Jackson, C.W. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Orlando, FL (United States); Ragusa, J. Dr. [Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States)

1993-12-31

371

Computer-based training versus traditional lecture: Effect on learning and retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effectiveness of computer-based training (CBT) versus the standard or traditional lecture method. The study was conducted at a large pharmaceutical manufacturing site located in Eastern North Carolina. Subjects were chemical processors in the bulk chemical production division (N=54). All subjects completed a comprehensive hazardous chemicals safety training program, with one treatment group completing the course via

T. Craig Williams; Hyder Zahed

1996-01-01

372

Training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Psychiatry Residency: An Overview for Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2001, Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education accredited general psychiatry training programs were charged with the requirement to train residents in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to a level of competence. Programs were given the responsibility to delineate standards for trainees, to determine measures of competence,…

Sudak, Donna M.

2009-01-01

373

Computer based training for nuclear operations personnel: From concept to reality  

SciTech Connect

Computer Based Training (CBT) can be subdivided into two categories: Computer Aided Instruction (CAI), or the actual presentation of learning material; and Computer Managed Instruction (CMI), the tracking, recording, and documenting of instruction and student progress. Both CAI and CMI can be attractive to the student and to the training department. A brief overview of CAI and CMI benefits is given in this paper.

Widen, W.C.; Klemm, R.W.

1986-04-01

374

Competency-Based Common-Core Curriculum for Emergency Medical Technician Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains a listing of all common-core competencies that should be taught in Arizona community colleges in order to prepare students to meet the requirements of basic and refresher emergency medical technician training. Identified through a statewide project, the competencies cover the following topics: introduction to…

Arizona State Board of Directors for Community Colleges, Phoenix.

375

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

376

Administration by Competency: Illinois State University's Approach to A Competency-Based Program for Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Illinois State University (Normal) program training administrators of career/vocational education programs includes assessment of competencies of general administration, program planning, personnel, public relations, and student services. Through student/advisor consultation one of three delivery systems (class enrollment, internship, and…

Edwards, Charles W.

1974-01-01

377

Training over the Intranet--A Shockwave Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study explains how the Boeing Company has used the World Wide Web to deliver flight and maintenance computer-based training (CBT) that was originally created on a Macintosh computer and converted to Windows format. The case study begins with a brief discussion of the advantages of using corporate and institutional internal networks…

Snydar, Sean

378

An Open Trial of In-Home CBT for Depressed Mothers in Home Visitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has demonstrated that low income mothers participating in home visitation programs have high rates of depression.\\u000a This study used an open trial design to evaluate In-Home Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (IH-CBT), an evidence-based treatment\\u000a for depression that is delivered in the home setting and has been adapted to address the needs of low income mothers participating\\u000a in home visitation. 64

Robert T. AmmermanFrank; Frank W. Putnam; Jack StevensNicole; Nicole R. Bosse; Jodie A. Short; Amy L. Bodley; Judith B. Van Ginkel

379

A Pilot Study of Modified Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Childhood Traumatic Grief (CBT-CTG)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThis pilot study evaluated outcomes for a modified 12-session protocol of cognitive-behavioral therapy for childhood traumatic grief (CBT-CTG) conducted between March 2004 and October 2005. CTG is an emerging condition characterized by a combination of posttraumatic stress and unresolved grief symptoms. This two-module treatment model consisting of sequential trauma- and grief-focused components was shortened from a previously presented 16-session protocol.

JUDITH A. COHEN; ANTHONY P. MANNARINO; VIRGINIA R. STARON

2006-01-01

380

Treatment of panic disorder via the Internet: a randomized trial of CBT vs. applied relaxation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A randomized trial was conducted of two different self-help programs for panic disorder (PD) on the Internet. After confirming the PD-diagnosis with an in-person structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID) interview 22 participants were randomized to either applied relaxation (AR) or a multimodal treatment package based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Overall, the results suggest that Internet-administered self-help plus minimal

Per Carlbring; Lisa Ekselius; Gerhard Andersson

2003-01-01

381

CBT for Vietnamese Refugees with Treatment-Resistant PTSD and Panic Attacks: A Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the feasibility, acceptability, and therapeutic efficacy of a culturally adapted cognitive–behavior therapy (CBT) for twelve Vietnamese refugees with treatment-resistant posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and panic attacks. These patients were treated in two separate cohorts of six with staggered onset of treatment. Repeated measures Group × Time ANOVAs and between-group comparisons indicated significant improvements, with large effect sizes (Cohen's

Devon E. Hinton; Thang Pham; Minh Tran; Steven A. Safren; Michael W. Otto; Mark H. Pollack

2004-01-01

382

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adherence and Depression (CBT-AD) in HIV-Infected Individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate cognitive–behavioral therapy to enhance medication adherence and reduce depression (CBT-AD) in individuals with HIV. Design: A two arm, randomized, controlled, cross-over trial comparing CBT-AD to enhanced treatment as usual only (ETAU). ETAU, which both groups received, included a single-session intervention for adherence and a letter to the patient's provider documenting her or his continued depression. The intervention

Steven A. Safren; Conall OCleirigh; Judy Y. Tan; Sudha R. Raminani; Laura C. Reilly; Michael W. Otto; Kenneth H. Mayer

2009-01-01

383

Estimating the clinical effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy in the clinic: Evaluation of a CBT informed pain management programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses provide evidence for the efficacy of cognitive-behaviourally informed treatment (CBT) programmes for chronic pain. The current study aims to provide practice-based evidence for the effectiveness of CBT in routine clinical settings. Over a 10-year period 1013 pain patients were accepted into a 4 week in-patient pain management programme. Data from more than 800 patients was

Stephen Morley; Amanda Williams; Sumerra Hussain

2008-01-01

384

Interactive, Computer-Based Training Program for Radiological Workers  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is redesigning its Computer-Based Training (CBT) program for radiological workers. The redesign represents a major effort to produce a single, highly interactive and flexible CBT program that will meet the training needs of a wide range of radiological workers--from researchers and x-ray operators to individuals working in tritium, uranium, plutonium, and accelerator facilities. The new CBT program addresses the broad diversity of backgrounds found at a national laboratory. When a training audience is homogeneous in terms of education level and type of work performed, it is difficult to duplicate the effectiveness of a flexible, technically competent instructor who can tailor a course to the express needs and concerns of a course's participants. Unfortunately, such homogeneity is rare. At LLNL, they have a diverse workforce engaged in a wide range of radiological activities, from the fairly common to the quite exotic. As a result, the Laboratory must offer a wide variety of radiological worker courses. These include a general contamination-control course in addition to radioactive-material-handling courses for both low-level laboratory (i.e., bench-top) activities as well as high-level work in tritium, uranium, and plutonium facilities. They also offer training courses for employees who work with radiation-generating devices--x-ray, accelerator, and E-beam operators, for instance. However, even with the number and variety of courses the Laboratory offers, they are constrained by the diversity of backgrounds (i.e., knowledge and experience) of those to be trained. Moreover, time constraints often preclude in-depth coverage of site- and/or task-specific details. In response to this situation, several years ago LLNL began moving toward computer-based training for radiological workers. Today, that CBT effort includes a general radiological safety course developed by the Department of Energy's Hanford facility and a contamination-control program developed by LLNL. A comprehensive study guide and a post-training practical exam supplement the CBT effort. The ''hands-on'' practical is particularly important in that it gives participants not only the opportunity to demonstrate what they've learned, but to ask questions about their individual work situations. The challenge is how to make the CBT program more facility- and task-specific while, at the same time, making the program more in tune with the education and/or experience levels of individual trainees. To that end, they have designed a CBT program, which they refer to as an ''onion''. That is, the course is layered, going from the general to the more and more specific.

Trinoskey, P.A.; Camacho, P.I.; Wells, L.

2000-01-18

385

The Effectiveness of CBT in 3–7 Year Old Anxious Children: Preliminary Data  

PubMed Central

Introduction: While CBT has been found to be an effective treatment for anxious older children, it has not been empirically validated in children younger than 8 years. In this study we report on an open pilot trial to establish whether a modified form of CBT can benefit young children. Methods: Participants were 37 anxious children aged 37–89 months attending a university anxiety specialty clinic. Symptom severity and functioning were assessed before and after treatment by independent evaluators. Feasibility and acceptability of the intervention were high. Parents attended part of each treatment session and were considered part of the treatment team. Results: Patients exhibited significant improvement from pre – to post-treatment assessments after an average of 8.3 treatment sessions, using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF) ratings. Conclusions: A modified form of CBT with active parent involvement may be a useful tool in treating anxiety disorders in preschool and early school aged children. PMID:20467547

Minde, Klaus; Roy, Jason; Bezonsky, Rhona; Hashemi, Alireza

2010-01-01

386

Is there a seasonal bias in MBT-CBT temperature reconstructions? (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on a global survey of bacterial derived branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) membrane lipids in soils, it has been found that the degree of methylation and the degree of cyclisation of branched tetraethers (MBT and CBT, respectively) correlates with annual mean air temperature (MAT) and soil pH. This relation is used in the MBT-CBT proxy to reconstruct past annual MAT based on the distribution of branched GDGTs in ancient sediments. Although in the global soil dataset the best correlation of this proxy is with annual MAT, it remains unknown whether a seasonal bias in reconstructed temperatures could occur, such as towards a season of ‘optimal growth’ of the, as yet, unknown soil bacteria which produce branched GDGTs. To investigate this possibility, eight different soil plots from mid-latitudes in the USA, The Netherlands and the UK have been sampled for one year at regular intervals and analyzed for their branched GDGT content. In addition, for two soils, branched GDGTs present as core lipids (the presumed fossil pool) and intact polar lipids (the presumed extant pool) were analyzed to see if the concentration and distribution of GDGTs in the two pools differ. The results are compared with annual MAT as well as with continuously measured in situ soil temperature to see whether or not seasonally changing temperatures are recorded by these membrane lipids and whether this could lead to a bias in temperatures reconstructed using the MBT-CBT proxy.

Weijers, J.; Bernhardt, B.; Peterse, F.; Werne, J. P.; Dungait, J. A.; Schouten, S.; Sinninghe Damste, J. S.

2010-12-01

387

Combined MI + CBT for Depressive Symptoms and Binge Drinking Among Young Adults: Two Case Studies  

PubMed Central

There are high rates of comorbidity between heavy drinking and depressive symptoms among college students, often resulting in severe alcohol-related consequences. No empirically supported treatment exists that concurrently addresses both of these problems in this population. Research with college students has demonstrated that brief motivational interventions (BMIs) reduce heavy drinking and alcohol-related consequences, and that cognitive behavioral therapy for depression (CBT-D) is effective in reducing depressive symptoms. Thus, a program combining BMI and CBT-D appears ideal for college students with co-occurring binge drinking and depressive symptoms. This manuscript presents the rationale and format of a BMI + CBT-D treatment protocol for this population, and provides a case example of a female college student who received the protocol and experienced improvement in depressive symptoms, a reduction in alcohol use and alcohol-related negative consequences, and an increase in readiness to change alcohol consumption. We discuss theoretical and clinical implications of these findings, and suggest directions for future research. PMID:25170188

Pedrelli, Paola; Borsari, Brian; Palm, Kathleen M.; Dalton, Elizabeth; Fava, Maurizio

2014-01-01

388

Competency?based strategies for injury control and prevention curriculums in undergraduate medical education  

PubMed Central

Injury, including unintentional injury and intentional injury, is the leading cause of death in people aged ?44?years. Doctors often treat acute injuries, assist in the rehabilitation process and provide injury prevention guidance to patients. Current undergraduate medical school curriculums lack content and consistency in providing training in this area. A matrix to show the integration of injury control and prevention principles into existing undergraduate medical school curriculums is proposed. PMID:17296681

Phelan, Mary Beth; Falimirski, Mark E; Simpson, Deborah E; Czinner, Mary L; Hargarten, Stephen W

2007-01-01

389

The Dietary Effects of Fermented Chlorella vulgaris (CBT®) on Production Performance, Liver Lipids and Intestinal Microflora in Laying Hens  

PubMed Central

Fermented Chlorella vulgaris CBT® was evaluated for its effects on egg production, egg quality, liver lipids and intestinal microflora in laying hens. One hundred and eight Hy-line Brown layers (n = 108), 80 wk of age, were fed a basal diet supplemented with CBT® at the level of 0, 1,000 or 2,000 mg/kg, respectively for 42 d. Egg production was measured daily and egg quality was measured every two weeks. Five eggs from each replicate were collected randomly to determine egg quality. Egg production increased linearly with increasing levels of CBT® supplementation (p<0.05), although there was no significant effect of treatment on feed intake. Egg yolk color (p<0.001) and Haugh unit (p<0.01) improved linearly with increasing dietary CBT®. Hepatic triacylglycerol level was linearly decreased with increasing dietary CBT® (p<0.05). The supplemental CBT® resulted in linear (p<0.001) and quadratic (p<0.01) response in population of cecal lactic acid bacteria. In conclusion, fermented Chlorella vulgaris supplemented to laying hen diets improved egg production, egg yolk color, Haugh unit and positively affected the contents of hepatic triacylglycerol and the profiles of cecal microflora. PMID:25049560

Zheng, L.; Oh, S. T.; Jeon, J. Y.; Moon, B. H.; Kwon, H. S.; Lim, S. U.; An, B. K.; Kang, C. W.

2012-01-01

390

Large Scale Cooling in Tertiary Central Europe as inferred by the MBT/CBT Paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth's climate experienced dramatic changes throughout the last 65 Ma. Starting at the Paleocene/Eocene thermal maximum, the global climate underwent a gradual cooling that eventually resulted in the glaciations in the Neogene. Most reconstructions of climate variability are derived from the marine realm using global deep sea oxygen isotope curves or molecular paleotemperature proxies. In contrast, only little information on the changes of the continental climate is available, which is mainly due to a lack of continuous high resolution records and suitable quantitative temperature proxies. The MBT/CBT paleothermometer is a novel temperature proxy based on temperature-driven changes in the branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) content of soil-living bacteria. These changes have been demonstrated to correlate well with ambient air temperature and the MBT/CBT proxy has thus been used to reconstruct paleotemperature records of terrestrial as well as coastal marine sediments (1). In this study, we employed the MBT/CBT paleothermometer on a number of maar lake deposits that - due to their exceptional well preserved organic matter content and finely-laminated sediments - comprise excellent archives of a continental climate. The analysed lacustrine deposits were all situated in the middle European Tertiary volcanic belt and ranged in age from the Early Eocene to the Late Oligocene, allowing for the detailed reconstruction of climate evolution of the Central European continent. Calculated mean annual air temperatures (MAAT) of the Messel oil shale, deposited during the Eocene climate optimum, averaged at 25 °C. This agrees well with previous temperature estimates based on paleontological observations, suggesting a paratropical climate in Eocene Central Europe with an average air temperature of ca. 25-30 °C (2). In contrast, to the green house period of the Early Eocene, the climate of the Oligocene was significantly cooler reflected by low MAAT of 8-15 °C in the lacustrine deposit of Lake Enspel (Westerwald, Germany). These MBT/CBT-derived air temperatures are similar to those previously reconstructed using floral elements of the Enspel deposit (3). Our results thus suggest that the paleotemperature trends of the Central European continent, based on the distribution of branched GDGTs in Tertiary lacustrine deposits, resemble those previously obtained from the marine realm and that the MBT/CBT proxy might be a valuable tool for reconstructing terrestrial paleoclimate records. References (1) Donders et al. (2007) EPSL 281, 215-225 (2) Wilde (1989) Cour. Forsch. Senk 115, 1-213 (3) Herrmann (2007) PhD Thesis, Tübingen University

Bauersachs, T.; Schouten, S.; Schwark, L.

2011-12-01

391

Computer-based training at Sellafield  

SciTech Connect

British Nuclear Fuel Limited (BNFL) operate the United Kingdom's spent-fuel receipt, storage, and reprocessing complex at Sellafield. Spent fuel from graphite-moderated CO/sub 2/-cooled Magnox reactors has been reprocessed at Sellafield for 22 yr. Spent fuel from light water and advanced gas reactors is stored pending reprocessing in the Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant currently being constructed. The range of knowledge and skills needed for plant operation, construction, and commissioning represents a formidable training requirement. In addition, employees need to be acquainted with company practices and procedures. Computer-based training (CBT) is expected to play a significant role in this process. In this paper, current applications of CBT to the filed of nuclear criticality safety are described and plans for the immediate future are outlined.

Cartmell, A.; Evans, M.C.

1986-01-01

392

Oral Rehydration Therapy and the Control of Diarrheal Diseases. Training for Development. Peace Corps Information Collection & Exchange Training Manual No. T-34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was developed to train Peace Corps volunteers and other community health workers in oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and the control of diarrheal diseases. Using a competency-based format, the manual contains six training modules (organized in 22 sessions) that focus on interrelated health education and technical content areas. Each…

Clark, Mari; And Others

393

Computer-based training: Stepping back to go forward  

SciTech Connect

Downsizing, right-sizing, deregulation - these were all terms being heard throughout the nuclear utility industry. Another phrase heard frequently was {open_quotes}do more with less.{close_quotes} Coupled with increased regulatory-required training, conditions existed that required investigation into the way training was being conducted. Florida Power Corporation`s (FPC`s) nuclear operations training set out to determine the most cost-effective method to accomplish the increased training demands without diminishing the quality of instruction. Many technologies were investigated, including videotaped productions, paper-based self-paced courses, and increased class sizes, but none were more promising than computer-based training (CBT).

Pombier, M.K.

1994-12-31

394

Rational-emotive and cognitive-behavior therapy (REBT/CBT) versus pharmacotherapy versus REBT/CBT plus pharmacotherapy in the treatment of major depressive disorder in youth; a randomized clinical trial.  

PubMed

Major depressive disorder is a highly prevalent and debilitating condition in youth, so developing efficient treatments is a priority for mental health professionals. Psychotherapy (i.e., cognitive behavioral therapy/CBT), pharmacotherapy (i.e., SSRI medication), and their combination have been shown to be effective in treating youth depression; however, the results are still mixed and there are few studies engaging multi-level analyses (i.e., subjective, cognitive, and biological). Therefore, the aims of this randomized control study (RCT) were both theoretical - integrating psychological and biological markers of depression in a multi-level outcome analysis - and practical - testing the generalizability of previous results on depressed Romanian youth population. Eighty-eight (N=88) depressed Romanian youths were randomly allocated to one of the three treatment arms: group Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)/CBT (i.e., a form of CBT), pharmacotherapy (i.e., sertraline), and group REBT/CBT plus pharmacotherapy. The results showed that all outcomes (i.e., subjective, cognitive, and biological) significantly change from pre to post-treatment under all treatment conditions at a similar rate and there were no significant differences among conditions at post-test. In case of categorical analysis of the clinical response rate, we found a non-significant trend favoring group REBT/CBT therapy. Results of analyses concerning outcome interrelations are discussed. PMID:25500320

Iftene, Felicia; Predescu, Elena; Stefan, Simona; David, Daniel

2015-02-28

395

Computer-Based Training for Library Staff: A Demonstration Project Using HyperCard. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to demonstrate that computer-based training (CBT) sessions, produced as HyperCard stacks (files), are an efficient and effective component for staff training in libraries. The purpose was successfully met in the 15-month period of development, evaluation, and implementation, and the University of Tennessee (UT)…

Bayne, Pauline S; Rader, Joe C.

396

Commentary: Training in Pediatric Psychology: A Survey of Predoctoral Internship Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the field of professional psychology, there is a growing emphasis on a competency-based approach to the training and evaluation of psychology students (Pe- terson, Peterson, Abrams, & Stricker, 1997). This move- ment has led to such recent events as a major multinational conference, which was held to focus on the identification, training, and assessment of core competencies of psy-

Nadine J. Kaslow; Corinne F. David

2003-01-01

397

Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel. Level II - Advanced Welders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help education and training facilities develop and administer competency-based training programs to qualify and certify trainees in accordance with the American Welding Society (AWS) requirements for level II (advanced) welders. Presented first are the scope, objectives, and requirements of the AWS…

American Welding Society, Miami, FL.

398

Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel. Level III - Expert Welders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help education and training facilities develop and administer competency-based training programs to qualify and certify trainees in accordance with American Welding Society (AWS) requirements for level III (expert) welders. Presented first are the scope/objectives/requirements of the AWS qualification/certification…

American Welding Society, Miami, FL.

399

Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel. Entry Level Welder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains information to assist education and training facilities in the development and administration of competency-based training that leads to the qualification and certification of trainees in accordance with American Welding Society specifications. The document begins with a description of the scope, objectives, and requirements…

American Welding Society, Miami, FL.

400

Assessment of Multiple Physician Competencies in Postgraduate Training: Utility of the Structured Oral Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency based medical education involves assessing physicians-in-training in multiple roles. Training programs are challenged by the need to introduce appropriate yet feasible assessment methods. We therefore examined the utility of a structured oral examination (SOE) in the assessment of the 7 CanMEDS roles (Medical Expert, Communicator,…

Jefferies, Ann; Simmons, Brian; Ng, Eugene; Skidmore, Martin

2011-01-01

401

Vocational Education and Training in Denmark. Short Description  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational education and training in Denmark has embarked on a process of modernisation aiming at, primarily, increasing flexibility, and individualisation, quality and efficiency. Assessment and recognition of informal and non-formal learning, competence-based curricula, innovative approaches to teaching, and increased possibilities for partial…

Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012

2012-01-01

402

New Perspectives on Skill, Learning and Training: A Viewpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A germ cell model of development based on a cognitive view of learning is used to propose that the cognitive skills needed in today's workplace necessitate reconceptualizing skill acquisition, learning, and training. The model is contrasted with the limitations of competency-based, behaviorist approaches. (SK)

O'Donnell, David; Garavan, Thomas N.

1997-01-01

403

Eight years later: outcomes of CBT-treated versus untreated anxious children  

PubMed Central

Background Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorders of childhood, generate significant distress, are considered precursors to diverse psychiatric disorders, and lead to poor social and employment outcomes in adulthood. Although childhood anxiety has a significant impact on a child's developmental trajectory, only a handful of studies examined the long-term impact of treatment and none included a control group. The aim of this study was to conduct a long-term follow-up (LTFU) of anxious children who were treated with Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy (CBT) compared to a matched group of children who were not. Methods Subjects comprised 120 children: a treatment group which included the first 60 consecutive consenting children who were diagnosed with an anxiety disorder and treated with CBT between the years 1997 and 2003 and a control group, 60 matched children who were assessed but not treated with CBT. An “ex-post-facto” design was used to compare the two groups. Results Children showed lower rates of anxiety diagnosis (about 50% for both groups) and significantly improved functioning at LTFU (time effect P < 0.0001; no group difference). Anxiety levels were significantly lower in the nontreatment group at LTFU as compared to initial assessment (P = 0.02), but not in the treatment group, and a significant between-group difference was found (P = 0.01) according to child. An inverse relationship was found between self-efficacy/self-esteem and anxiety outcome ([P = 0.0008] and [P = 0.04], respectively). Conclusions This study supports the assumption that childhood anxiety disorders may improve without treatment and highlights self-efficacy/self-esteem as potential factors in recovery. PMID:25328851

Adler Nevo, Gili W; Avery, David; Fiksenbaum, Lisa; Kiss, Alex; Mendlowitz, Sandra; Monga, Suneeta; Manassis, Katharina

2014-01-01

404

Absence of seasonal patterns in MBT-CBT indices in mid-latitude soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The degree of methylation and cyclization of bacteria-derived branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) membrane lipids in soils depends on temperature and soil pH. Expressed in the methylation index of branched tetraethers (MBT) and cyclization ratio of branched tetraethers (CBT), these relationships are used to reconstruct past annual mean air temperature (MAT) based on the distribution of branched GDGTs in ancient sediments; the MBT-CBT proxy. Although it was shown that the best correlation of this proxy is with annual MAT, it remains unknown whether a seasonal bias in temperature reconstructions could occur, such as towards a seasonal period of 'optimal growth' of the, as yet, unidentified soil bacteria which produce branched GDGTs. To investigate this possibility, soils were sampled from eight different plots in the USA (Minnesota and Ohio), The Netherlands (Texel) and the UK (Devon) in time series over 1 year and analyzed for their branched GDGT content. Further analyses of the branched GDGTs present as core lipids (CLs; the presumed fossil pool) and intact polar lipids (IPLs; the presumed extant pool) were undertaken for two of the investigated soil plots. The amount of IPL-derived branched GDGTs is low relative to the branched GDGT CLs, i.e. only 6-9% of the total branched GDGT pool. In all soils, no clear change was apparent in the distribution of branched GDGT lipids (either core or IPL-derived) with seasonal temperature change; the MBT-CBT temperature proxy gave similar temperature estimates year-round, which generally matched the mean annual soil temperature. In addition to a lack of coherent changes in relative distributions, concentrations of the branched GDGTs did not show clear changes over the seasons. For IPL-derived GDGTs these results suggest that their turnover time in soils is in the order of 1 year or more. Thus, our study does not provide evidence for seasonal effects on the distribution of branched GDGTs in soils, at least at mid-latitudes, and therefore, no direct evidence for a bias of MBT-CBT reconstructed temperatures towards a certain season of optimal growth of the source bacteria. If, however, there is a slight seasonal preference of branched GDGT production, which can easily be obscured by natural variability due to the heterogeneity of soils, then a seasonal bias may potentially still develop over time due to the long turnover time of branched GDGTs.

Weijers, Johan W. H.; Bernhardt, Beth; Peterse, Francien; Werne, Josef P.; Dungait, Jennifer A. J.; Schouten, Stefan; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

2011-06-01

405

Treatment of music performance anxiety via psychological approaches: a review of selected CBT and psychodynamic literature.  

PubMed

Performance anxiety, or stage fright, is anxiety aroused about potential mishaps in performance that expose feared inadequacies before an audience and which evoke feelings of embarrassment and humilation. For affected musicians, performance anxiety can be emotionally devastating, as their career choice in music may be terminated or severely compromised. This paper focuses on the cognitive and psychodynamic literature about music performance anxiety, with the emphasis that for treatment "one size does not fit all." It reviews the factors underlying performance anxiety and those factors which can exacerbate the condition in musicians. The two major clinical treatment modalities within contemporary psychology, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic treatments, are reviewed. While there are more empirical studies of CBT in various populations in the literature, until recently there was an indifference to empirical research by psychodynamic investigators. However, meta-analyses show strong efficacy for psychodynamic psychotherapy (in various disorders, not specifically music performance anxiety), but also that the benefits of psychodynamic psychotherapy may endure longer and increase with time. PMID:21170476

Nagel, Julie J

2010-12-01

406

Revised calibration of the MBT-CBT paleotemperature proxy based on branched tetraether membrane lipids in surface soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MBT-CBT proxy for the reconstruction of paleotemperatures and past soil pH is based on the distribution of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (brGDGT) membrane lipids. The Methylation of Branched Tetraether (MBT) and the Cyclisation of Branched Tetraether (CBT) indices were developed to quantify these distributions, and significant empirical relations between these indices and annual mean air temperature (MAT) and/or soil pH were found in a large data set of soils. In this study, we extended this soil dataset to 278 globally distributed surface soils. Of these soils, 26% contains all nine brGDGTs, while in 63% of the soils the seven most common brGDGTs were detected, and the latter were selected for calibration purposes. This resulted in new transfer functions for the reconstruction of pH based on the CBT index: pH = 7.90-1.97 × CBT (r2 = 0.70; RMSE = 0.8; n = 176), as well as for MAT based on the CBT index and methylation index based on the seven most abundant GDGTs (defined as MBT?): MAT = 0.81-5.67 × CBT + 31.0 × MBT? (r2 = 0.59; RMSE = 5.0 °C; n = 176). The new transfer function for MAT has a substantially lower correlation coefficient than the original equation (r2 = 0.77). To investigate possible improvement of the correlation, we used our extended global surface soil dataset to statistically derive the indices that best describe the relations of brGDGT composition with MAT and soil pH. These new indices, however, resulted in only a relatively minor increase in correlation coefficients, while they cannot be explained straightforwardly by physiological mechanisms. The large scatter in the calibration cannot be fully explained by local factors or by seasonality, but MAT for soils from arid regions are generally substantially (up to 20 °C) underestimated, suggesting that absolute brGDGT-based temperature records for these areas should be interpreted with caution. The applicability of the new MBT?-CBT calibration function was tested using previously published MBT-CBT-derived paleotemperature records covering the last deglaciation in Central Africa and East Asia, the Eocene-Oligocene boundary and the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. The results show that trends remain similar in all records, but that absolute temperature estimates and the amplitude of temperature changes are lower for most records, and generally in better agreement with independent proxy data.

Peterse, Francien; van der Meer, Jaap; Schouten, Stefan; Weijers, Johan W. H.; Fierer, Noah; Jackson, Robert B.; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

2012-11-01

407

The use of narrative strategies based on fairytales as a novel, integrative ingredient in CBT: a case report.  

PubMed

Even though cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is often the recommended treatment for mental health problems, it may present limitations when dealing with existential or moral issues. The aim of this case report is to describe the introduction of narrative techniques based on traditional fairytales in the process of CBT, in order to overcome treatment resistances and to help the patient in dealing with major life crises. In the case presented, the joint use of these two techniques helped the patient to achieve the right self-distance from her problems, allowing her to reach a new, wider perspective and a subjective self-maturation. PMID:24607080

Ruini, Chiara; Ottolini, Fedra

2014-01-01

408

A Comparative Evaluation of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Versus Exercise Therapy (ET) for the Treatment of Body Image DisturbancePreliminary Findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) was compared to a combination of aerobic\\/anaerobic exercise therapy (ET) for the treatment of elevated levels of body image disturbance in college females. CBT consisted of a modification of the 1987 Butters and Cash procedure that was tailored for group intervention; ET consisted of weightlifting and aerobic dancing. Using a counterbalancing procedure, the same therapists conducted both

Erik Fisher; J. Kevin Thompson

1994-01-01

409

The role of perceived partner alliance on the efficacy of CBT-I: preliminary findings from the Partner Alliance in Insomnia Research Study (PAIRS).  

PubMed

Despite cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) being effective, barriers to adherence have been documented. Perceived partner alliance has been shown to influence adherence and treatment outcome across a range of other health conditions. The present study examined patients' perceptions regarding the role of their partner in CBT-I and the impact of perceived partner alliance on treatment outcome. Twenty-one patients were interviewed, following CBT-I, to examine the areas where partners were thought to influence the process of CBT-I. The majority of statements made during interviews explicitly mentioned a partner's influence (65%). Additionally, the production of more positive partner statements was associated with better treatment outcome (using the Insomnia Severity Index). The integration of perceived partner alliance into CBT-I is discussed. PMID:24527869

Ellis, Jason G; Deary, Vincent; Troxel, Wendy M

2015-01-01

410

Manual de Adiestramiento sobre Terapia de Rehidratacion Oral y Control de las Enfermedades Diarreicas (Oral Rehydration Therapy and the Control of Diarrheal Diseases). Training for Development. Peace Corps Information Collection & Exchange Training Manual No. T-53.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Spanish-language manual was developed to train Peace Corps volunteers and other community health workers in Spanish-speaking countries in oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and the control of diarrheal diseases. Using a competency-based format, the manual contains three training modules (organized in seven sessions) that focus on interrelated…

Clark, Mari; And Others

411

A unique interactive cognitive behavioral training program for front-line cancer care professionals.  

PubMed

For between one third and one half of all cancer survivors, disturbances in mood and cognition do not end with the conclusion of treatment. Recognizing this problem, the Institute of Medicine emphasized in its 2008 report, the importance of addressing psychosocial issues, such as distress, to providing quality cancer care. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has recognized that there is a severe lack of trained professionals who can address these needs. In response to this need, an interactive training program was developed and implemented to teach frontline cancer care professionals Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) skills. This training includes a structured curriculum, centered around a 3-day training workshop that includes didactic discussion, small group interactive sessions, role playing, post course support, and follow-up evaluation. Four of the planned eight workshops have been conducted thus far and indicate successful recruitment and implementation of a unique training model related to the CBT skills learned. PMID:23090589

Clark, Karen; Greene, Paul; DuHamel, Kate; Loscalzo, Matthew; Grant, Marcia; Glazier, Kim; Redd, William

2012-12-01

412

Embedding Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Training in Practice: Facilitators and Barriers for Trainee Educational Psychologists (TEPs)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the national level there has been a call for more therapeutic interventions and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) has been identified as one approach that can be used. The training of educational psychologists (EPs) has been extended to three years and this provides an opportunity to increase the depth of knowledge of particular therapeutic…

Squires, Garry; Dunsmuir, Sandra

2011-01-01

413

Embedding Cognitive Behavioural Therapy training in practice: facilitators and barriers for trainee educational psychologists (TEPs)  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the national level there has been a call for more therapeutic interventions and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) has been identified as one approach that can be used. The training of educational psychologists (EPs) has been extended to three years and this provides an opportunity to increase the depth of knowledge of particular therapeutic models and their use in educational

Garry Squires; Sandra Dunsmuir

2011-01-01

414

The Promise of Performance. (Competency)-Based Education: An Analytical Review of Literature and Experience. Final Report. SPON;BBB08936  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis, a review of literature and experience on performance-based education, is divided into nine chapters: chapter one, "The Short Form: Best-Guess Working Hypotheses for Competency-Based Education" (a summary of the frame of reference for this study and the recommendations for performance-based education which resulted from the effort);…

Joyce, Bruce R.

415

Development of Competency-Based Vocational Agricultural Instructional Materials for Handicapped Students Enrolled in Regular Agriculture Programs Other Than Horticulture. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report includes a description of a project to develop and field-test competency-based instructional materials for handicapped students enrolled in regular vocational agriculture programs; a list of project advisory personnel; the clusters of skills identified as appropriate for handicapped students enrolled in courses in dairy production,…

Baggett, Connie D.; And Others

416

Guide to Vocational-Technical Education Program Alternatives: Secondary and Postsecondary. An Introduction. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a supplement to the Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series, this guide overviews the typical vocational programs available and the general kinds of requirements involved that would have implications for program planning and budgeting. Part 1 of three parts defines what is meant by vocational education. The…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

417

An Investigation of the Cost-Benefits and Consumer Outcomes Related to Competency Based Education In a Community College Nursing Program. Final Report, 1973-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three final reports on a competency-based computer-assisted nursing education program at Mt. Hood Community College include the following: (1) the examination and refinement of curricular outcomes; (2) cost analysis of the program relative to nursing education, learner benefits, and effectiveness; and (3) an examination of the relationship between…

Mount Hood Community Coll., Gresham, OR.

418

Concentration Competency-Based List of Activities, page 1 To begin each semester, students will work with their field instructors to develop a list of  

E-print Network

for examples of activities and levels of expected performance. The Competency-Based List of Activities may2.1.1: Identify as a professional social worker and conduct oneself accordingly 1) advocate for client access to the services of social work; 2) practice personal reflection and self

Ward, Karen

419

National Conference on Critical Issues in Competency-Based Testing for Vocational-Technical Education (Nashville, Tennessee, April 11-13, 1988). Conference Notebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This notebook contains the following conference presentations: "Identifying and Validating Task Lists by Business and Industry for Test/Test Item Development" (Charles Losh); "Conducting a Task Analysis for Competency-Based Test Item Development" (Brenda Hattaway); "Writing and Reviewing Test Items: Multiple Choice, Matching, Performance" (Ora…

Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States, Decatur, GA.

420

An Analysis of Secondary Teacher Attitudes towards Competency Based Education: Vocational Instructors versus Non-Vocational Instructors. Societal Factors Affecting Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation was conducted to determine whether or not a difference in attitude towards competency-based education exists between vocational instructors and non-vocational instructors. The investigation was conducted by distributing a 15-statement survey to the 140 faculty members at Coconut Creek High School, Coconut Creek, Florida.…

MacFarland, Thomas W.

421

How to Investigate the Goal Orientations of Students in Competence-Based Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Choosing the Right Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the psychometric properties of three instruments: a semi-structured interview, a questionnaire and a sorting task. The central question is which instrument is most suitable to investigate the goal orientations of students in competence-based pre-vocational secondary education. The questionnaire proved most accurate. The…

Koopman, Maaike; Teune, Peter; Beijaard, Douwe

2008-01-01

422

Leading and Managing the Competence-Based Curriculum: Conscripts, Volunteers and Champions at Work within the Departmentalised Environment of the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a sub-set of findings from a research project describing the experience of four case study schools which have implemented a competence-based curriculum (CBC) for students in their first year of secondary education. Secondary schools are highly departmentalised environments with organisational structures based primarily around…

Downey, Christopher; Byrne, Jenny; Souza, Ana

2013-01-01

423

Industrial Electronics and T.V./Computer Repair. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Fagg, Harold

424

Fiberglass Technician Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Fiberglass Technician. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for fiberglass technician is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English…

Shin, Masako T.

425

Plan for Your Professional Development. Module LT-E-3 of Category E--Professional and Staff Development. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of professional and staff development. The purpose of the module is to help administrators to analyze their professional needs and to devise and implement…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

426

The Role of Schools' Perceived Human Resource Policies in Teachers' Professional Development Activities: A Comparative Study of Innovations toward Competence-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The change toward competence-based education has implications for teachers as well as school management. This study investigates which professional development activities teachers undertake related to this change and how these activities differ among schools with various human resource (HR) policies. Two types of HR policy were involved: (1) a…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob

2011-01-01

427

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Combined Trauma-Focused CBT and Sertraline for Childhood PTSD Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the potential benefits of adding a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, sertraline, versus placebo, to trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) for improving posttraumatic stress disorder and related psychological symptoms in children who have experienced sexual abuse. Method: Twenty-four 10- to 17-year-old…

Cohen, Judith A.; Mannarino, Anthony P.; Perel, James M.; Staron, Virginia

2007-01-01

428

Using a CBT-Based Therapeutic Community Program to Facilitate Healthy Relationships among Military Veterans and Their Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors propose a CBT-based Therapeutic Community (TC) program designed to facilitate healthy relationships between military veterans and their families. In many military veteran families, there is a struggle to maintain a healthy and balanced life both outside and inside the household. This struggle affects both spouses and children and is…

Rush-Ossenbeck, Marilyn; West-Olatunji, Cirecie

2014-01-01

429

Physical Activity within a CBT Intervention Improves Coping with Pain in Traumatized Refugees: Results of a Randomized Controlled Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveMany traumatized refugees experience both posttraumatic stress disorder and chronic pain. Based on Mutual Maintenance Theory and the Perpetual Avoidance Model, this study examined the additional effect of physical activity within a biofeedback–based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT–BF) for traumatized refugees.

Alexandra Liedl; Julia Müller; Naser Morina; Anke Karl; Claudia Denke; Christine Knaevelsrud

2011-01-01

430

Enhanced Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT-E) for Eating Disorders: Case Study of a Client With Anorexia Nervosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study involved the treatment of a young adult female, referred to as “Marie,” who presented for treatment seeking help with her eating disorder. Marie evinced symptoms of dietary restriction, amenorrhea, low weight, and low body mass index (BMI); she was subsequently diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. She was treated with 20 sessions of enhanced cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT-E), a relatively

Amy L. Karbasi

2010-01-01

431

CBT for Childhood Anxiety Disorders: Differential Changes in Selective Attention between Treatment Responders and Non-Responders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examined whether treatment response to stepped-care cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) is associated with changes in threat-related selective attention and its specific components in a large clinical sample of anxiety-disordered children. Methods: Ninety-one children with an anxiety disorder were included in the present…

Legerstee, Jeroen S.; Tulen, Joke H. M.; Dierckx, Bram; Treffers, Philip D. A.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Utens, Elisabeth M. W. J.

2010-01-01

432

Distribution of branched tetraether lipids in geothermally heated soils: Implications for the MBT\\/CBT temperature proxy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) membrane lipids occur in soils and peat bogs and are assumed to be produced by anaerobic bacteria. Two indices based on the distribution of these lipids in soils, the Cyclisation of Branched Tetraethers (CBT) and the Methylation of Branched Tetraethers (MBT) index have been shown to linearly relate to pH, and to mean annual

Francien Peterse; Stefan Schouten; Jaap van der Meer; Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté

2009-01-01

433

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Combined Trauma-Focused CBT and Sertraline for Childhood PTSD Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo examine the potential benefits of adding a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, sertraline, versus placebo, to trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) for improving posttraumatic stress disorder and related psychological symptoms in children who have experienced sexual abuse.

JUDITH A. COHEN; ANTHONY P. MANNARINO; JAMES M. PEREL; VIRGINIA STARON

2007-01-01

434

A CBT-based anxiety management workshop in first-episode psychosis.  

PubMed

When co-occurring with psychosis, anxiety can adversely affect social and occupational functioning and can cause debilitating levels of distress. This article describes a single-centre three-phase service development project culminating in the introduction of 1-day anxiety management workshops for service users of an Early Intervention for Psychosis Service (EIPS). The workshops, which were run by a mental health nurse and an assistant psychologist, attracted 12 participants with a first episode of psychosis and co-morbid anxiety. Quantitative and qualitative measures demonstrated a statistically significant reduction (p<0.0005) in subjective anxiety levels following the intervention, and that participants felt they were likely to make use of the skills in the future. It can be concluded that such workshops are not only time-and cost-effective, but also valuable in delivering brief interventions based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to service users with a first episode of psychosis. PMID:25849234

Welfare-Wilson, Alison; Jones, Amy

2015-04-01

435

Predictors of dropout from community clinic child CBT for anxiety disorders.  

PubMed

The aim was to investigate predictors of treatment dropout among 182 children (aged 8-15 years) participating in an effectiveness trial of manual-based 10-session individual and group cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders in community clinics. The dropout rate was 14.4%, with no significant difference between the two treatment conditions. We examined predictors for overall dropout (n=26), early (?session 4, n=15), and late dropout (?session 5, n=11). Overall dropout was predicted by low child and parent rated treatment credibility, and high parent self-rated internalizing symptoms. Low child rated treatment credibility predicted both early and late dropout. High parent self-rated internalizing symptoms predicted early dropout, whereas low parent rated treatment credibility predicted late dropout. These results highlight the importance of addressing treatment credibility, and to offer support for parents with internalizing symptoms, to help children and families remain in treatment. PMID:25637909

Wergeland, Gro Janne H; Fjermestad, Krister W; Marin, Carla E; Haugland, Bente Storm-Mowatt; Silverman, Wendy K; Öst, Lars-Göran; Havik, Odd E; Heiervang, Einar R

2015-04-01

436

Glacial-interglacial continental temperature variability in the Beringian Arctic: the MBT/CBT record of Lake El'gygytgyn  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009, deep drilling at El'gygytgyn Crater Lake (Far East Russian Arctic) recovered sediments covering the past 3.6 Ma. These sediments provide the first terrestrial Arctic paleoclimate record spanning the Pliocene-Pleistocene from the largest and oldest unglaciated Arctic lake basin. Lake El'gygytgyn sediments thus offer a unique opportunity to examine high-latitude climate variability beyond the 100 Ka interval captured by Greenland ice core records. In this study we utilize an organic geochemical paleothermometer, the MBT/CBT Index based on branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs; Weijers et al., 2007), to examine continental temperature variability during several key time intervals of interest. In particular, we focus on Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 1-6, MIS 9-11, MIS 31 and during the earliest formation of lacustrine sediments in the impact basin in the middle Pliocene. Previous work on Lake El'gygytgyn sediments has identified MIS 11c and MIS 31 as "super" interglacials, which were characterized by significantly warmer temperatures than at present largely based on pollen spectra and modern analog analysis (Melles et al., 2012). Our results show that relative changes in MBT/CBT-derived temperatures display similar overall patterns of glacial-interglacial climate variability noted in temperature reconstructions from Lake El'gygytgyn (Melles et al., 2012) as well as Greenland ice core records, North Atlantic sea surface temperature records (e.g. Lawrence et al., 2010), and the global benthic ?18O stack (Lisiecki and Raymo, 2005). We demonstrate that MBT/CBT is a sensitive proxy for recording temperature variability at Lake El'gygytgyn. Interestingly, while pronounced warming is noted during interglacials, a number of abrupt and short-lived temperature reversals are also observed within these intervals, such as during MIS 5a and MIS 5e. Overall, we find that MBT/CBT temperatures closely track changes in local summer insolation at 67°N, in agreement with numerous other proxy reconstructions from the lake (e.g. Melles et al., 2012). We note that before absolute temperatures can be reconstructed from Lake El'gygytgyn, a site-specific MBT/CBT calibration is required. We are currently investigating this by examining MBT/CBT in surface sediment and sediment trap samples from the lake. Overall, application of the MBT/CBT paleothermometer to Lake El'gygytgyn sediments appears to be a promising technique for generating a high-resolution Plio-Pleistocene continental temperature record from the western Arctic.

Castaneda, I. S.; Finkelstein, D. B.; Phu, V.; Brigham-Grette, J.; Wilkie, K. M.; D'anjou, R. M.; Wei, J. H.; Urann, B. M.

2012-12-01

437

A Pharmacodynamic Study of the P-glycoprotein Antagonist CBT-1® in Combination With Paclitaxel in Solid Tumors  

PubMed Central

Background: This pharmacodynamic trial evaluated the effect of CBT-1® on efflux by the ATP binding cassette (ABC) multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein (Pgp/MDR1/ABCB1) in normal human cells and tissues. CBT-1® is an orally administered bisbenzylisoquinoline Pgp inhibitor being evaluated clinically. Laboratory studies showed potent and durable inhibition of Pgp, and in phase I studies CBT-1® did not alter the pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel or doxorubicin. Methods: CBT-1® was dosed at 500 mg/m2 for 7 days; a 3-hour infusion of paclitaxel at 135 mg/m2 was administered on day 6. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained prior to CBT-1® administration and on day 6 prior to the paclitaxel infusion. 99mTc-sestamibi imaging was performed on the same schedule. The area under the concentration–time curve from 0–3 hours (AUC0–3) was determined for 99mTc-sestamibi. Results: Twelve patients were planned and enrolled. Toxicities were minimal and related to paclitaxel (grade 3 or 4 neutropenia in 18% of cycles). Rhodamine efflux from CD56+ PBMCs was a statistically significant 51%–100% lower (p < .0001) with CBT-1®. Among 10 patients who completed imaging, the 99mTc-sestamibi AUC0–3 for liver (normalized to the AUC0–3 of the heart) increased from 34.7% to 100.8% (median, 71.9%; p < .0001) after CBT-1® administration. Lung uptake was not changed. Conclusion: CBT-1® is able to inhibit Pgp-mediated efflux from PBMCs and normal liver to a degree observed with Pgp inhibitors studied in earlier clinical trials. Combined with its ease of administration and lack of toxicity, the data showing inhibition of normal tissue Pgp support further studies with CBT-1® to evaluate its ability to modulate drug uptake in tumor tissue. Discussion: Although overexpression of ABCB1 and other ABC transporters has been linked with poor outcome following chemotherapy efforts to negate that through pharmacologic inhibition have generally failed. This is thought to be a result of several factors, including (a) failure to select patients with tumors in which ABCB1 is a dominant resistance mechanism; (b) inhibitors that were not potent, or that impaired drug clearance; and (c) the existence of other mechanisms of drug resistance, including other ABC transporters. Although an animal model for Pgp has been lacking, recent studies have exploited a Brca1?/?; p53?/? mouse model of hereditary breast cancer that develops sporadic tumors similar to cancers in women harboring BRCA1 mutations. Treatment with doxorubicin, docetaxel, or the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor olaparib brings about shrinkage, but resistance eventually emerges. Overexpression of the Abcb1a gene, the mouse ortholog of human ABCB1, has been shown to be a mechanism of resistance in a subset of these tumors. Treating mice with resistant tumors with olaparib plus the Pgp inhibitor tariquidar resensitized the tumors to olaparib. Although results in this animal model support a new look at Pgp as a target, in this era of “targeted therapies,” trial designs that directly assess modulation of drug uptake, including quantitative nuclear imaging, should be pursued before clinical efficacy assessments are undertaken. Such assessment should be performed with compounds that inhibit tissue Pgp without altering the pharmacokinetics of chemotherapeutic agents. This pharmacodynamic study demonstrated that CBT-1®, inhibits Pgp-mediated efflux from PBMCs and normal liver. PMID:22416063

Kelly, Ronan J.; Robey, Robert W.; Chen, Clara C.; Draper, Deborah; Luchenko, Victoria; Barnett, Daryl; Oldham, Robert K.; Caluag, Zinnah; Frye, A. Robin; Steinberg, Seth M.; Fojo, Tito

2012-01-01

438

Mindfulness training improves attentional task performance in incarcerated youth: a group randomized controlled intervention trial  

PubMed Central

We investigated the impact of cognitive behavioral therapy and mindfulness training (CBT/MT) on attentional task performance in incarcerated adolescents. Attention is a cognitive system necessary for managing cognitive demands and regulating emotions. Yet persistent and intensive demands, such as those experienced during high-stress intervals like incarceration and the events leading to incarceration, may deplete attention resulting in cognitive failures, emotional disturbances, and impulsive behavior. We hypothesized that CBT/MT may mitigate these deleterious effects of high stress and protect against degradation in attention over the high-stress interval of incarceration. Using a quasi-experimental, group randomized controlled trial design, we randomly assigned dormitories of incarcerated youth, ages 16–18, to a CBT/MT intervention (youth n = 147) or an active control intervention (youth n = 117). Both arms received approximately 750 min of intervention in a small-group setting over a 3–5 week period. Youth in the CBT/MT arm also logged the amount of out-of-session time spent practicing MT exercises. The Attention Network Test was used to index attentional task performance at baseline and 4 months post-baseline. Overall, task performance degraded over time in all participants. The magnitude of performance degradation was significantly less in the CBT/MT vs. control arm. Further, within the CBT/MT arm, performance degraded over time in those with no outside-of-class practice time, but remained stable over time in those who practiced mindfulness exercises outside of the session meetings. Thus, these findings suggest that sufficient CBT/MT practice may protect against functional attentional impairments associated with high-stress intervals. PMID:24265621

Leonard, Noelle R.; Jha, Amishi P.; Casarjian, Bethany; Goolsarran, Merissa; Garcia, Cristina; Cleland, Charles M.; Gwadz, Marya V.; Massey, Zohar

2013-01-01

439

Improving training needs assessment processes via the Internet: system design and qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The goal of this research is to demonstrate how web-based applications improve the effectiveness of a very important human resource (HR) function. It proposes a framework of a web-based training needs assessment system for HR professionals to effectively assess employee needs for competency-based training. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - A conceptual framework of a survey-based training needs assessment using the Internet

Yu-hui Tao; Chu-chen Rosa Yeh; Sheng-i Sun

2006-01-01

440

Competency-Based Assessment for Clinical Supervisors: Design-Based Research on a Web-Delivered Program  

PubMed Central

Background Clinicians need to be supported by universities to use credible and defensible assessment practices during student placements. Web-based delivery of clinical education in student assessment offers professional development regardless of the geographical location of placement sites. Objective This paper explores the potential for a video-based constructivist Web-based program to support site supervisors in their assessments of student dietitians during clinical placements. Methods This project was undertaken as design-based research in two stages. Stage 1 describes the research consultation, development of the prototype, and formative feedback. In Stage 2, the program was pilot-tested and evaluated by a purposeful sample of nine clinical supervisors. Data generated as a result of user participation during the pilot test is reported. Users’ experiences with the program were also explored via interviews (six in a focus group and three individually). The interviews were transcribed verbatim and thematic analysis conducted from a pedagogical perspective using van Manen’s highlighting approach. Results This research succeeded in developing a Web-based program, “Feed our Future”, that increased supervisors’ confidence with their competency-based assessments of students on clinical placements. Three pedagogical themes emerged: constructivist design supports transformative Web-based learning; videos make abstract concepts tangible; and accessibility, usability, and pedagogy are interdependent. Conclusions Web-based programs, such as Feed our Future, offer a viable means for universities to support clinical supervisors in their assessment practices during clinical placements. A design-based research approach offers a practical process for such Web-based tool development, highlighting pedagogical barriers for planning purposes. PMID:25803172

Williams, Lauren Therese; Grealish, Laurie; Jamieson, Maggie

2015-01-01

441

Revised calibration of the MBT-CBT paleothermometer based on branched tetraether membrane lipids of soil bacteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recently developed MBT-CBT proxy for the reconstruction of continental air temperature and past soil pH is based on the distribution of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) membrane lipids in soils. The Methylation of Branched Tetraether (MBT) and the Cyclisation of Branched Tetraether (CBT) indices were developed to quantify these distributions and significant empirical relations between these indices and annual mean air temperature (MAT) and/or soil pH were found in a large data set of soils. In this study, we extended the soil dataset to 278 globally distributed surface soils. Of these soils, 26% contains all nine branched GDGTs, while in 63% of the soils the seven most common branched GDGTs were detected, which were selected for calibration purposes. This resulted in new transfer functions for the reconstruction of pH based on the CBT index, as well as for MAT based on the CBT index and adjusted MBT index (MBT'). The new transfer function for MAT has a substantially lower correlation coefficient than the original equation (r2= 0.59 versus r2=0.77). To investigate possible improvement of the correlation, we used our extended global surface soil dataset to statistically derive the indices that best describe the relations of branched GDGT composition with MAT and soil pH. These new indices, however, resulted in only a relatively minor increase in correlation coefficients, while they cannot be explained straightforwardly by physiological mechanisms. The large scatter in the calibration cannot be fully explained by local factors or by seasonality, but MAT for soils from arid regions are generally substantially (up to 20°C) underestimated, suggesting that absolute branched GDGT-based temperature records for these areas should be interpreted with caution. The applicability of the new MBT'-CBT calibration function was tested using previously published MBT-CBT-derived paleotemperature records covering the last deglaciation in Central Africa [2] and East Asia [3], the Eocene-Oligocene boundary [4] and the Paleocene Eocene thermal maximum [5]. The results show that trends remain similar in all records, but that absolute temperature estimates and the amplitude of temperature changes are lower for most records, and generally in better agreement with independent proxy data. REFERENCES [1] Weijers et al., 2007, GCA [2] Weijers et al., 2007, Science [3] Peterse et al., 2011, EPSL [4] Schouten et al., 2008, Geology [5] Weijers et al., 2007, EPSL

Peterse, F.; van der Meer, J.; Schouten, S.; Weijers, J.; Fierer, N.; Jackson, R. B.; Sinninghe Damste, J. S.

2011-12-01

442

Bacterial GDGTs in Holocene sediments and catchment soils of a high Alpine lake: application of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel proxy for continental mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and soil pH, the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer, is based on the temperature (T) and pH-dependent distribution of specific bacterial membrane lipids (branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers - GDGTs) in soil organic matter. Here, we tested the applicability of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer to sediments from Lake Cadagno, a high Alpine lake in southern Switzerland with a small catchment of 2.4 km2. We analysed the distribution of bacterial GDGTs in catchment soils and in a radiocarbon-dated sediment core from the centre of the lake, covering the past 11 000 yr. The distribution of bacterial GDGTs in the catchment soils is very similar to that in the lake's surface sediments, indicating a common origin of the lipids. Consequently, their transfer from the soils into the sediment record seems undisturbed, probably without any significant alteration of their distribution through in situ production in the lake itself or early diagenesis of branched GDGTs. The MBT/CBT-inferred MAAT estimates from soils and surface sediments are in good agreement with instrumental values for the Lake Cadagno region (~0.5 °C). Moreover, downcore MBT/CBT-derived MAAT estimates match in timing and magnitude other proxy-based T reconstructions from nearby locations for the last two millennia. Major climate anomalies recorded by the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer are, for instance, the Little Ice Age (~14th to 19th century) and the Medieval Warm Period (MWP, ~9th to 14th century). Together, our observations indicate the quantitative applicability of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer to Lake Cadagno sediments. In addition to the MWP, our lacustrine paleo T record indicates Holocene warm phases at about 3, 5, 7 and 11 kyr before present, which agrees in timing with other records from both the Alps and the sub-polar North-East Atlantic Ocean. The good temporal match of the warm periods determined for the central Alpine region with north-west European winter precipitation strength implies a strong and far-reaching influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on continental European T variations during the Holocene.

Niemann, H.; Stadnitskaia, A.; Wirth, S. B.; Gilli, A.; Anselmetti, F. S.; Sinninghe Damsté, J. S.; Schouten, S.; Hopmans, E. C.; Lehmann, M. F.

2012-05-01

443

Think It Older. A Guide to a Career in Gerontology. A Comprehensive Model for the Development of Training Coordinators. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken to develop a competency-based educational curriculum to meet the job requirements of nursing home training coordinators. During the project, researchers assessed the current state of the role of nursing home training coordinators and the performance competencies needed by them. In addition, curriculum guidelines were…

Ernst, Nora S.

444

From Pedagogy to Technagogy in Social Work Education: A Constructivist Approach to Instructional Design in an Online, Competency-Based Child Welfare Practice Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article documents the design and pilot delivery of a computer-mediated, competency-based child welfare practice course founded on constructivist instructional principles. It was created in 2003 as part of the University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC) Social Work program’s child welfare specialization stream. Offered to learners via the internet using web-based tools and resources, the course expanded access to the

Gerard Bellefeuille; Robert R. Martin; Martin Paul Buck

2005-01-01

445

How to Investigate the Goal Orientations of Students in Competence-based PreVocational Secondary Education: Choosing the Right Instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the psychometric properties of three instruments: a semi-structured interview, a questionnaire and a sorting task. The central question is which instrument is most suitable to investigate the goal orientations of students in competence-based pre-vocational secondary education. The questionnaire proved most accurate. The interview provided relevant supplementary information on the goals of the students and underlying motives. The

Maaike Koopman; Peter Teune; Douwe Beijaard

2008-01-01

446

Computer Based Training - A Report of a NATO Study Visit to America. A.P. Report 91.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes some of the research projects encountered on a 1979 study visit which investigated the nature and availability of computer-based training (CBT) systems in the United States and Canada, particularly within industrial, occupational and military contexts. An overview of the trip itinerary includes the names of the organizations…

Patrick, J.

447

An Empirical Evaluation of Sonar Courseware Developed with Intelligent Tutoring Software (InTrain[TM]) at Naval Submarine School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With limits on both personnel and time available to conduct effective instruction, the decision is being made increasingly to enhance instructor-led courses with Computer-Based Training (CBT). The effectiveness of this conversion is often unknown and in many cases empirical evaluations are never conducted. This paper describes and discusses the…

Birchard, Marcy; Dye, Charles; Gordon, John

448

Training and Dissemination of Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Depression in Adults: A Preliminary Examination of Therapist Competence and Client Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: In this study, the authors examined the feasibility and effectiveness of training community therapists to deliver cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for depression. Method: Participants were therapists (n = 12) and clients (n = 116; mean age = 41 years, 63% women) presenting for treatment of depression at a not-for-profit and designated…

Simons, Anne D.; Padesky, Christine A.; Montemarano, Jeremy; Lewis, Cara C.; Murakami, Jessica; Lamb, Kristen; DeVinney, Sharon; Reid, Mark; Smith, David A.; Beck, Aaron T.

2010-01-01

449

Controlled Comparison of Family Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Psychoeducation/Relaxation Training for Child Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the efficacy of exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) plus a structured family intervention (FCBT) versus psychoeducation plus relaxation training (PRT) for reducing symptom severity, functional impairment, and family accommodation in youths with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Method: A total of 71…

Piacentini, John; Bergman, R. Lindsey; Chang, Susanna; Langley, Audra; Peris, Tara; Wood, Jeffrey J.; McCracken, James

2011-01-01

450

Differential Effectiveness of Behavioral Parent-Training and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Antisocial Youth: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extended the findings from previous meta-analytic work by comparing the effectiveness of behavioral parent-training (BPT) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for youth with antisocial behavior problems. Youth demographic variables were also examined as potential moderators of the effectiveness of these 2 types of interventions. Thirty BPT…

McCart, Michael R.; Priester, Paul E.; Davies, W. Hobard; Azen, Razia

2006-01-01

451

Core Competencies: A Systems Approach for Training and Organizational Development in Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a rationale for developing core competencies for training and organizational development in extension. Core competencies are defined as "the basic knowledge, attitudes, skills, and observable behaviors that lead to excellence in the workplace." Competency-based models can be used to create an infrastructure that promotes…

Liles, Richard T.; Mustian, R. David

2004-01-01

452

Developing a Comprehensive and Articulated Nuclear Training Curriculum--The Westinghouse Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After conducting a comprehensive evaluation of its curriculum, staff at the Westinghouse Nuclear Training Center in Zion, Illinois, undertook a research and development project aimed at upgrading the center's curriculum to the competency-based format. Included among the main activities of the curriculum development process were the following:…

Widen, William C.

453

D.O.T. In-Service Training: A Prerequisite to CBVE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An inservice training program was implemented at the Erie County Technical School in Pennsylvania to familiarize school shop teachers with the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) so they could use it as a tool to develop relevant competency-based vocational education (CBVE) programs. Addressed during the inservice were the following topics:…

Tauber, Robert

454

Evaluation of a multi-component approach to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) using guided visualizations, cranial electrotherapy stimulation, and vibroacoustic sound.  

PubMed

This pilot study examines the use of guided visualizations that incorporate both cognitive and behavioral techniques with vibroacoustic therapy and cranial electrotherapy stimulation to form a multi-component therapeutic approach. This multi-component approach to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) was used to treat patients presenting with a range of symptoms including anxiety, depression, and relationship difficulties. Clients completed a pre- and post-session symptom severity scale and CBT skills practice survey. The program consisted of 16 guided visualizations incorporating CBT techniques that were accompanied by vibroacoustic therapy and cranial electrotherapy stimulation. Significant reduction in symptom severity was observed in pre- and post-session scores for anxiety symptoms, relationship difficulties, and depressive symptoms. The majority of the clients (88%) reported use of CBT techniques learned in the guided visualizations at least once per week outside of the sessions. PMID:17400144

Rogers, Donna R B; Ei, Sue; Rogers, Kim R; Cross, Chad L

2007-05-01

455

Text Messaging as an Adjunct to CBT in Low-Income Populations: A Usability and Feasibility Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines the development and usability–feasibility testing of an automated text-messaging adjunct to cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression in a public sector clinic serving low-income patients. The text-messaging adjunct is aimed at increasing homework adherence, improving self-awareness, and helping track patient progress. Daily text messages were sent to patients, inquiring about their mood. Additional daily messages corresponded to themes

Adrian Aguilera; Ricardo F. Muñoz

2011-01-01

456

Internet-Based CBT for Depression with and without Telephone Tracking in a National Helpline: Randomised Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundTelephone helplines are frequently and repeatedly used by individuals with chronic mental health problems and web interventions may be an effective tool for reducing depression in this population.AimTo evaluate the effectiveness of a 6 week, web-based cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) intervention with and without proactive weekly telephone tracking in the reduction of depression in callers to a helpline service.Method155 callers

Louise Farrer; Helen Christensen; Kathleen M. Griffiths; Andrew Mackinnon

2011-01-01

457

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for anxiety and depression in adults with mild intellectual disabilities (ID): a pilot randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Several studies have showed that people with intellectual disabilities (ID) have suitable skills to undergo cognitive behavioural\\u000a therapy (CBT). Case studies have reported successful use of cognitive behavioural therapy techniques (with adaptations) in\\u000a people with ID. Modified cognitive behavioural therapy may be a feasible and effective approach for the treatment of depression,\\u000a anxiety, and other mood disorders in ID. To

Angela Hassiotis; Marc Serfaty; Kiran Azam; Andre Strydom; Sue Martin; Charles Parkes; Robert Blizard; Michael King

2011-01-01

458

Distributions of branched GDGTs in a tropical lake system: Implications for lacustrine application of the MBT\\/CBT paleoproxy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) lipids are abundant and ubiquitous in lake sediments, potentially allowing for a paleolimnological application of the so-called MBT\\/CBT proxy (methylation index of branched tetraethers\\/cyclization ratio of branched tetraethers). To investigate the origin and characteristics of these compounds in lacustrine environments, we examined the distributions of GDGTs in soils, river sediments and lake sediments from

Jessica E. Tierney; James M. Russell

2009-01-01

459

Outcomes of an integrated cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) treatment program for co-occurring depression and substance misuse in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThere are high rates of co-occurring depression among young people with substance use disorders. While there is preliminary evidence for the effectiveness of integrated cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) in combination with antidepressants among alcohol and substance dependent adolescents and adults with co-existing depression, no studies have examined the effectiveness of integrated CBT interventions in the absence of pharmacotherapy. The aim

Leanne Hides; Steve Carroll; Lisa Catania; Sue M. Cotton; Amanda Baker; Antonietta Scaffidi; Dan I. Lubman

2010-01-01

460

Long-term outcome of eight clinical trials of CBT for anxiety disorders: Symptom profile of sustained recovery and treatment-resistant groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundFew clinical trials of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders have conducted follow-up beyond one year post-treatment. This paper summarises the long-term outcome of eight clinical trials of CBT for anxiety disorders in terms of diagnostic status, healthcare usage and symptom severity and compares the symptom profile of participants with the best and worst outcomes relative to chronic depression

Robert C. Durham; Cassie Higgins; Julie A. Chambers; John S. Swan; Michael G. T. Dow

461

Reduction of subjective distress in CBT for childhood OCD: nature of change, predictors, and relation to treatment outcome.  

PubMed

Little research has investigated changes in subjective distress during cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders in youth. In the current study, 40 youth diagnosed with primary obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; M age = 11.9 years, 60% male, 80% Caucasian) and 36 parent informants completed separate weekly ratings of child distress for each OC symptom during a 12-session course of CBT. Between-session changes in distress were calculated at the start of, on average throughout, and at the end of treatment. On average throughout treatment, child- and parent-reported decreases in child distress were significant. Baseline OCD severity, functional impairment, and internalizing symptoms predicted degree of change in child distress. Additionally, greater decreases in child distress were predictive of more improved clinical outcomes. Findings advance our understanding of the strengths and limitations of this clinical tool. Future studies should examine youth distress change between and within CBT sessions across both subjective and psychophysiological levels of analysis. PMID:23774008

Kircanski, Katharina; Wu, Monica; Piacentini, John

2014-03-01

462

Task simulation in computer-based training  

SciTech Connect

Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) makes extensive use of job-task simulations in company-developed computer-based training (CBT) courseware. This courseware is different from most others because it does not simulate process control machinery or other computer programs, instead the WHC Excerises model day-to-day tasks such as physical work preparations, progress, and incident handling. These Exercises provide a higher level of motivation and enable the testing of more complex patterns of behavior than those typically measured by multiple-choice and short questions. Examples from the WHC Radiation Safety and Crane Safety courses will be used as illustrations. 3 refs.

Gardner, P.R.

1988-02-01

463

Applying mastery learning in a clinical skills training program for primary care nurses.  

PubMed

This article describes the application of mastery learning in the development and implementation of a clinical skills training program for primary care nurses. The objective of the training program was to equip primary care nurses with the clinical skills to triage and administer bronchodilator therapy to patients presenting to the primary care clinic with acute exacerbations of asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The positive outcomes of this program support the idea that mastery learning is an effective competency-based training method for clinical skills acquisition. However, variations in training duration and dropout rates should be taken into consideration when planning mastery learning-based training programs. PMID:24143886

Tang, Wern Ee; Dong, Lijuan

2013-12-01

464

Settling In. A Competency-Based Curriculum for U.S. Cultural Orientation. A Teacher's Handbook 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is intended to assist teachers involved in helping Southeast Asian refugees with little or no formal education to gain an understanding of U.S. culture. The guide is divided into the following four parts: an introduction describing the refugee training program that led to the development of the handbook, seven units of core…

Shapiro, Toni, Comp.; Ligon, Fred, Ed.

465

A randomised controlled trial of time limited CBT informed psychological therapy for anxiety in bipolar disorder  

PubMed Central

Background Anxiety comorbidity is common in bipolar disorder and is associated with worse treatment outcomes, greater risk of self harm, suicide and substance misuse. To date however there have been no psychological interventions specifically designed to address this problem. The primary objective of this trial is to establish the acceptability and feasibility of a new integrated intervention for anxiety in bipolar disorder designed in collaboration with individuals with personal experience of both problems. Methods and design Single blind randomised controlled trials to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a time limited CBT informed psychological intervention for anxiety in bipolar disorder (AIBD) compared with treatment as usual. Participants will be recruited from across the North West of England from specialist mental health services and through primary care and self referral. The primary outcome of the study is the feasibility and acceptability of AIBD assessed by recruitment to target and retention to follow-up, as well as absence of untoward incidents associated with AIBD. We will also estimate the effect size of the impact of the intervention on anxiety and mood outcomes, as well as calculate preliminary estimates of cost-effectiveness and investigate potential mechanisms for this (stigma, self appraisal and stability of social rhythms). Discussion This is the first trial of an integrated intervention for anxiety in bipolar disorder. It is of interest to researchers involved in the development of new therapies for bipolar disorder as well as indicating the wider potential for evaluating approaches to the treatment of comorbidity in severe mental illness. Trial registration number ISRCTN84288072 PMID:23414176

2013-01-01

466

A software model for simulation in computer-based training  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores the requirements for Simulation-Based Training (SBT) and describes the Los Alamos model for an SBT authoring system. Although the use of simulation as an instructional strategy provides realistic training opportunities at high cognitive levels (e.g., evaluation, synthesis, analysis), it is at the expense of complexity beyond the capabilities of available authoring systems to create. Cognitive Systems Engineering (CSE) at Los Alamos is exploring a middle ground between conventional CBT and complex simulations. The CSE model proposes the separation of simulation and courseware as the key to successful SBT development. 1 ref., 2 figs.

Spangenberg, L.M.; Nonno, L.M.; De Vries, J.A. II

1988-01-01

467

Effects of an Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (iCBT) Program in Manga Format on Improving Subthreshold Depressive Symptoms among Healthy Workers: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose of this study was to develop a new Internet-based computerized cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) program in Manga format, the Japanese cartoon, for workers and to examine the effects of the iCBT program on improving subthreshold depression using a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design among workers employed in private companies in Japan. Method All workers in a company (n?=?290) and all workers in three departments (n?=?1,500) at the headquarters of another large company were recruited by an invitation e-mail. Participants who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were randomly allocated to intervention or control groups (N?=?381 for each group). A six-week, six-lesson iCBT program using Manga (Japanese comic) story was developed. The program included several CBT skills: self-monitoring, cognitive restructuring, assertiveness, problem solving, and relaxation. The intervention group studied the iCBT program at a frequency of one lesson per week. Depression (Beck Depression Inventory II; BDI-II) was assessed as a primary outcome at baseline, and three- and six-month follow-ups for both intervention and control groups were performed. Results The iCBT program showed a significant intervention effect on BDI-II (t?=??1.99, p<0.05) with small effect sizes (Cohen's d: ?0.16, 95% Confidence Interval: ?0.32 to 0.00, at six-month follow-up). Conclusions The present study first demonstrated that a computerized cognitive behavior therapy delivered via the Internet was effective in improving depression in the general working population. It seems critical to improve program involvement of participants in order to enhance the effect size of an iCBT program. Trial Registration UMIN Clinical Trials Registry UMIN000006210 PMID:24844530

Imamura, Kotaro; Kawakami, Norito; Furukawa, Toshi A.; Matsuyama, Yutaka; Shimazu, Akihito; Umanodan, Rino; Kawakami, Sonoko; Kasai, Kiyoto

2014-01-01

468

To Automate Or Not To Automate, That Is the Question: A Research Framework for the Integration of Computer-Based Training in IS Curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to highly publicized school rankings, an increased number of corporate universities, and the proliferation of distance learning options, IS educators are under considerate pressure to improve their levels of efficiency. Automated learning systems such as Computer-Based Training (CBT) could significantly enhance the efficiency of IS education. However, many researchers and educators are skeptical of the pedagogical effectiveness of automated

WooYoung Chung

469

The Teacher Aide is Special. Workbook for Why Not Competence? A Guide for Training Special Education Aides. Trainees Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for special education teacher aides, the workbook is the basic text for a five module, competency based, inservice training program. The first module focuses on the role of the teacher and the teacher aide as a team in serving handicapped children. The second module stresses the characteristics of normal child development and the…

Semrau, Barbara L.; And Others

470

Specialty training for general practice in the United Kingdom.  

PubMed

This article describes training for general practice (family medicine) in the United Kingdom. Medical graduates now enter a 2-year Foundation Programme before applying for a 3-year specialty training program in general practice. Selection for training is through a competency-based assessment center process. General practice specialty training is orientated around a curriculum founded on the European definition of general practice with exit from training dependent on satisfactory completion of an assessment process comprising a machine-marked applied knowledge test, clinical skills assessment, and workplace-based assessment. Support for trainees during training includes educational and clinical supervision and educational peer support groups but with little support provided in the immediate postqualification period. PMID:18574386

Ahluwalia, Sanjiv; Swanwick, Tim

2008-01-01

471

Does Maintenance CBT Contribute to Long-Term Treatment Response of Panic Disorder With or Without Agoraphobia? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the possibility that maintenance cognitive behavior therapy (M–CBT) may improve the likelihood of sustained improvement and reduced relapse in a multi-site randomized controlled clinical trial of patients who met criteria for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Method Participants were all patients (N = 379) who first began an open trial of acute-phase CBT. Patients completing and responding to acute-phase treatment were randomized to receive either nine monthly sessions of M-CBT (n = 79) or assessment only (n = 78) and were then followed for an additional 12 months without treatment. Results M–CBT produced significantly lower relapse rates (5.2%) and reduced work and social impairment compared to the assessment only condition (18.4%) at a 21-month follow-up (MFU). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models showed that residual symptoms of agoraphobia at the end of acute-phase treatment were independently predictive of time to relapse during 21-MFU (HR = 1.15, p < .01). Conclusions M–CBT aimed at reinforcing acute treatment gains to prevent relapse and offset disorder recurrence may improve long-term outcome in PD/A. PMID:23127290

White, Kamila S.; Payne, Laura A.; Gorman, Jack M.; Shear, M. Katherine; Woods, Scott W.; Saksa, John R.; Barlow, David H.

2012-01-01

472

Exposure-Based CBT for Older Adults After Fall Injury: Description of a Manualized, Time-Limited Intervention for Anxiety.  

PubMed

Fall accidents among older adults can be devastating events that, in addition to their physical consequences, lead to disabling anxiety warranting the attention of mental health practitioners. This article presents "Back on My Feet," an exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) protocol that is designed for older adults with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), subthreshold PTSD, or fear of falling resulting from a traumatic fall. The protocol can be integrated into care once patients have been discharged from hospital or rehabilitation settings back to the community. Following a brief description of its development, the article presents a detailed account of the protocol, including patient evaluation and the components of the eight home-based sessions. The protocol addresses core symptoms of avoidance, physiological arousal/anxiety, and maladaptive thought patterns. Because older patients face different coping challenges from younger patients (for whom the majority of evidence-based CBT interventions have been developed), the discussion ends with limitations and special considerations for working with older, injured patients. The article offers a blueprint for mental health practitioners to address the needs of patients who may present with fall-related anxiety in primary care and other medical settings. Readers who wish to develop their expertise further can consult the online appendices, which include a clinician manual and patient workbook, as well as guidance on additional resources. PMID:25364226

Jayasinghe, Nimali; Sparks, Martha A; Kato, Kaori; Wilbur, Kaitlyn; Ganz, Sandy B; Chiaramonte, Gabrielle R; Stevens, Bradford L; Barie, Philip S; Lachs, Mark S; O'Dell, Michael; Evans, Arthur T; Bruce, Martha L; Difede, JoAnn

2014-11-01

473

Using competence-based and project-related approaches to support students individually - An engineering science experience report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent education of engineers, using the example of satellite geodesy at the Geodetic Institute of the University Karlsruhe (Germany), is still suffering from time pressure as well as from heavy curriculum content loading. Within this education field, where the academic teachers have to fulfill high requests from the new generation of students as well as from industry and from research institutions respectively, advanced satellite geodetic knowledge has to be transferred effectively and sustainably. In order to enable the students to train newest aspects related to satellite geodesy as well as important key competences, e.g. capacity for independent and academic work, reflection and evaluation skills, presentation skills, an innovative teaching concept was developed, tested, and evaluated. This teaching concept makes use of very different teaching techniques like portfolio assignment, project work, input from experts, jig saw, advance and post organizer. The concept will be presented and discussed in detail.

Mayer, M.

2009-04-01

474

One-Year Follow-up of Family versus Child CBT for Anxiety Disorders: Exploring the Rolesof Child Age and Parental Intrusiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To compare the relative long-term benefit of family-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (FCBT) and child-focused cognitive\\u000a behavioral therapy (CCBT) for child anxiety disorders at a 1-year follow-up. Method Thirty-five children (6–3 years old) randomly assigned to 12–16 sessions of family-focused CBT (FCBT) or child-focused CBT\\u000a (CCBT) participated in a 1-year follow-up assessment. Independent evaluators, parents, and children rated anxiety and parental

Jeffrey J. Wood; Bryce D. McLeod; John C. Piacentini; Marian Sigman

2009-01-01

475

Does Maintenance CBT Contribute to Long-Term Treatment Response of Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: We examined the possibility that maintenance cognitive behavior therapy (M-CBT) may improve the likelihood of sustained improvement and reduced relapse in a multi-site randomized controlled clinical trial of patients who met criteria for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Method: Participants were all patients (N = 379) who…

White, Kamila S.; Payne, Laura A.; Gorman, Jack M.; Shear, M. Katherine; Woods, Scott W.; Saksa, John R.; Barlow, David H.

2013-01-01

476

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adherence and Depression (CBT-AD) in HIV-Infected Injection Drug Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Depression and substance use, the most common comorbidities with HIV, are both associated with poor treatment adherence. Injection drug users comprise a substantial portion of individuals with HIV in the United States and globally. The present study tested cognitive behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) in patients…

Safren, Steven A.; O'Cleirigh, Conall M.; Bullis, Jacqueline R.; Otto, Michael W.; Stein, Michael D.; Pollack, Mark H.

2012-01-01

477

Psychological Treatment for Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia: A Randomized Controlled Trial to Examine the Role of Therapist-Guided Exposure in situ in CBT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a first-line treatment for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PD/AG). Nevertheless, an understanding of its mechanisms and particularly the role of therapist-guided exposure is lacking. This study was aimed to evaluate whether therapist-guided exposure in situ is associated with more pervasive and…

Gloster, Andrew T.; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Einsle, Franziska; Lang, Thomas; Helbig-Lang, Sylvia; Fydrich, Thomas; Fehm, Lydia; Hamm, Alfons O.; Richter, Jan; Alpers, George W.; Gerlach, Alexander L.; Strohle, Andreas; Kircher, Tilo; Deckert, Jurgen; Zwanzger, Peter; Hofler, Michael; Arolt, Volker

2011-01-01

478

Altitudinal shifts in the branched tetraether lipid distribution in soil from Mt. Kilimanjaro (Tanzania): Implications for the MBT\\/CBT continental palaeothermometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) lipids in sixteen soil samples from an altitudinal transect on the southeastern slope of Mt. Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) was examined. The degree of methylation and cyclisation (expressed in the so-called MBT and CBT indices) of these GDGTs, derived from unknown soil bacteria, was determined mainly by changes in mean annual air temperature

Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté; Jort Ossebaar; Stefan Schouten; Dirk Verschuren

2008-01-01

479

Emergency preparedness: addressing a residency training gap.  

PubMed

As the importance of physician involvement and leadership in crisis preparedness is recognized, the literature suggests that few physicians are adequately trained to practice effectively in a large-scale crisis situation. A logical method for addressing the emergency preparedness training deficiency identified across several medical specialties is to include disaster and emergency preparedness training in residency curricula. In this article, the authors outline the development and implementation of an emergency preparedness curriculum for the Johns Hopkins General Preventive Medicine Residency (JHGPMR) from 2004 to 2006. The curriculum consists of two components. The first was developed for the academic year in the JHGPMR and includes didactic lectures, practical exercises to apply new knowledge, and an opportunity to integrate the knowledge and skills in a real-world exercise. The second, developed for the practicum year of the residency, includes Web-based lectures and online content and culminates in a tabletop preparedness exercise. Topics for both components include weapons of mass destruction, risk communication and personal preparedness, aspects of local emergency response planning, and mental health and psychological aspects of terrorism. On the basis of the emergency preparedness training gap that has been identified in the literature, and the success of the three-year experience in implementing a preparedness training curriculum in the JHGPMR, the authors recommend incorporation of competency-based emergency preparedness training for residencies of all specialties, and offer insights into how the described curriculum could be adapted for use in other residency settings. PMID:18316882

Uddin, Sayeedha Ghori; Barnett, Daniel J; Parker, Cindy L; Links, Jonathan M; Alexander, Miriam

2008-03-01

480

Personnel Development. A Plan to Produce and Distribute an Instructional Package for Teaching the Concepts of Competency-Based Instruction in Home Economics Pre-service Teacher Education Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described in this final report is the development of a plan to produce and distribute an instructional package for teaching the concepts of competency-based instruction in home economics pre-service education programs in the state of Virginia. Nine Virginia Universities (Virginia Polytechnic Institution and State University, Radford College, James…

Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg.

481

Bacterial GDGTs in Holocene sediments and catchment soils of a high-alpine lake: application of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel proxy for continental mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and soil-pH, the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer, is based on the temperature (T) and pH-dependent distribution of specific bacterial membrane lipids (branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers - GDGTs) in soil organic matter. Here, we tested the applicability of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer to sediments from Lake Cadagno, a small high-alpine lake in southern Switzerland with a small catchment of 2.4 km2. We analysed the distribution of bacterial GDGTs in catchment soils and in a radiocarbon-dated sediment core from the centre of the lake, covering the entire Holocene. The composition of bacterial GDGTs in soils are almost identical to that in the lake's surface sediments, indicating a common origin of the lipids. Consequently, their transfer from the soils into the sediment record is undisturbed, apparently without any significant alteration of their distribution through in situ production or early diagenesis of branched GDGTs. The MBT/CBT-inferred MAAT-estimates from soils and surface sediments are in good agreement with instrumental values for the Lake Cadagno region (~0.5 °C). Moreover, downcore MBT/CBT-derived MAAT-estimates match in timing and magnitude other proxy-based T-reconstructions from nearby locations for the last two millennia. Major climate anomalies recorded by the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer are, for instance, the Little Ice Age (~14th to 19th century) and the Medieval Warm Period (~10th to 14th century). Together, our observations confirm the applicability of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer to Lake Cadagno sediments. Consistent with other T-records from both the Alps and from the subpolar NE-Atlantic, our lacustrine paleotemperature record indicates Holocene MAAT-variations with an apparent cyclicity of ~2 kyr. The good temporal match of the warm periods determined for the S-Alpine region with NW-European winter precipitation strength implies a strong and far-reaching influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on continental European Holocene T-variations.

Niemann, H.; Stadnitskaia, A.; Wirth, S. B.; Gilli, A.; Anselmetti, F. S.; Sinninghe Damsté, J. S.; Schouten, S.; Hopmans, E. C.; Lehmann, M. F.

2011-10-01

482

Robotics Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for training and education in new skill areas. Points out that the right people often do not get the right training. Too often engineers and skilled workers are trained to the exclusion of supervisors and operators. (JOW)

Ettlie, John E.; And Others

1988-01-01

483

Prototype Training Program for the Preparation of Curriculum Consultants for Exceptional Children. Instructor's Manual for Module 2.0: Evaluating/Instruction. Competencies 2.1 through 2.4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part 2 of a series of 13 instructor's manuals for the competency based training of curriculum consultants for exceptional children focuses on the evaluation of instruction. Four competencies are considered: (1) that a curriculum consultant should be capable of implementing varied evaluation techniques for assessing teacher effectiveness (e.g.,…

Meyen, Edward L.; Altman, Reuben

484

Instructional Modules for Training Special Education Teachers: A Final Report on the Development and Field Testing of the CUNY-CBTEP Special Education Modules. Case 30-76. Toward Competence Instructional Materials for Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The City University of New York Competency Based Teacher Education Project (CUNY-CBTEP) in Special Education studied Modularization, focusing on the variables in the instructional setting that facilitate learning from modular materials for a wide range of students. Four of the five modules for the training of special education teachers developed…

City Univ. of New York, NY. Center for Advanced Study in Education.

485

Proposed procedure for exemption from the requirement for segregated ballast tanks (SBT), dedicated clean ballast tanks (CBT), or a crude oil washing (COW) system for existing tank vessels  

SciTech Connect

A proposed procedure for exemption from the requirement for segregated ballast tanks (SBT), dedicated clean ballast tanks (CBT), or a crude oil washing (COW) system for existing tank vessels of 40,000 dwt and over, in domestic trade has been issued by the US Coast Guard under the Port and Tanker Safety Act. Exemption would be allowed if shore-based reception facilities are a preferred method of handling dirty ballast and if such facilities are adequate and readily available. Adoption of the proposal would recognize that in certain trades where existing tank vessels have set loading locations, it is as effective to use shore-based reception facilities for the treatment of oil residues as it is to use SBT, CBT, or COW. The proposal requires, among others, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits for the reception facilities, and contains a provision for revocation of exemptions upon noncompliance with regulations. Comments must be received by 7/7/80.

Not Available

1980-05-22

486

Changing trends in plastic surgery training  

PubMed Central

Background: The currently available training models are being put to scrutiny in India today, both by the residents and the teachers. Plastic surgery specialty was created primarily for reconstructive purposes but the society always perceived it from a cosmetic angle, particularly in the post second world war era. As a result, there is a need to redefine the goals of plastic surgery training in the present times so that the plastic surgeon is “future ready” to meet the needs of society and the market forces. Materials and Methods: The author has reviewed the currently available literature on plastic surgery training from India and the western countries. An attempt has been made to study opinions from the teachers and the trainees. The modules currently available in India and abroad have been analyzed and a suggestion has been made for drafting training programs that would meet the demands of the society as well as prepare the resident both for the aesthetic and reconstructive practice. Conclusions: The plastic surgery training needs to be more vibrant and in tune with the changing times. While maintaining its core nature, the current predominantly reconstructive modules need to incorporate the aesthetic content. The evaluation should be both knowledge and competence based. The teachers need to be educated in the various teaching methods that are more applicable to grown up residents. There is a need to find ways to attract talented people in the academic plastic surgery. PMID:25190909

Sharma, Ramesh Kumar

2014-01-01

487

Exploratory nondestructive evaluation (NDE) research for advanced materials and processes: Volume 3 -- Interactive multimedia computer based training (IMCBT) for nondestructive evaluation/inspection (NDE/I) personnel. Final report, 1 July 1995--30 April 1998  

SciTech Connect

Interactive Multimedia Computer Based Training (IMCBT) for Nondestructive Inspection (NDE/I) Personnel: Computer Based Training (CBT) is a highly effective method for industrial training that has been growing in popularity. Text, graphics, sound, movies and animation enhance the learning activity. Interactive Multimedia CBT (IMCBT) allows students to learn in an environment where the training material is presented on a computer workstation and uses student interaction and feedback in the learning process. This technology has been used in the aerospace industry for aircraft maintenance and flight training and is growing in many operation training areas. The cost of development of IMCBT material is significantly more expensive than traditional training material, but an hour of IMCBT material can contain more information than an hour of traditional training material since information is transferred faster and with higher retention. Because IMCBT delivers training at lower cost, the overall benefit of IMCBT has been found to be in the range of 40% to 60% cost savings. The application of IMCBT for NDE/I training did show an overwhelmingly positive acceptance of the incorporation of IMCBT for NDE/I personnel within existing training structures. A CD-ROM package called INSPECT (Interactive Student Paced Eddy Current Training) has demonstrate various advanced aspects of potential IMCBT lessons. The INSPECT CD demonstration was reviewed by Air Force and industry professionals, as well as a group of high school students to gauge novice response. The prototype was found to be appealing and to have significant potential as a useful teaching tool. A large majority of the professional reviewers stated they would like to have complete CBT modules like INSPECT for some aspect of their NDE/I training.

Bossi; Knutson, B.; Nerenberg, R.; Deobald, L.; Nelson, J.

1998-07-01

488

Standardized web-based CBT of mild to moderate depression: a randomized controlled trial with a long-term follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depression is common but undertreated. Web-based self-help provides a widely accessible treatment alternative for mild to moderate depression. However, the lack of therapist guidance may limit its efficacy. The authors assess the efficacy of therapist-guided web-based cognitive behavioural treatment (web-CBT) of mild to moderate depression. Fifty-four individuals with chronic, moderate depression participated in a randomized wait-list controlled trial, with an

J. Ruwaard; B. Schrieken; M. Schrijver; J. Broeksteeg; J. Dekker; H. Vermeulen; A. Lange

2009-01-01

489

Water pH and temperature in Lake Biwa from MBT'/CBT indices during the last 280 000 years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We generated a 280 000 yr record of water pH and temperature in Lake Biwa, central Japan, by analysing the methylation index (MBT') and cyclisation ratio (CBT) of branched tetraethers in sediments from piston and borehole cores. Our aim was to understand the responses of precipitation and air temperature in central Japan to the East Asian monsoon variability on orbital timescales. Because the water pH in Lake Biwa is determined by phosphorus and alkali cation inputs, the record of water pH should indicate the changes in precipitation and temperature in central Japan. Comparison with a pollen assemblage in a Lake Biwa core suggests that lake water pH was determined by summer temperature in the low-eccentricity period before 55 ka, while it was determined by summer precipitation in the high-eccentricity period after 55 ka. From 130 to 55 ka, the variation in lake pH (summer precipitation) lagged behind that in summer temperature by several thousand years. This perspective is consistent with the conclusions of previous studies (Igarashi and Oba, 2006; Yamamoto, 2009), in that the temperature variation preceded the precipitation variation in central Japan.

Ajioka, T.; Yamamoto, M.; Takemura, K.; Hayashida, A.; Kitagawa, H.

2014-10-01

490

Water pH and temperature in Lake Biwa from MBT'/CBT indices during the last 282 000 years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We generated a 282 000-year record of water pH and temperature in Lake Biwa, central Japan, by analysing the methylation index (MBT') and cyclisation ratio (CBT) of branched tetraethers in sediments from piston and borehole cores to understand the responses of precipitation and air temperature in central Japan to the East Asian monsoon variability on the orbital timescale. Because water pH in Lake Biwa is determined by phosphorus input driven by precipitation, the record of water pH should indicate changes in summer precipitation in central Japan. The estimated pH showed significant periodicity at 19 and 23 ka (precession) and at 41 ka (obliquity). The variation in the estimated pH agrees with variation in the pollen temperature index. This indicates synchronous variation in summer air temperature and precipitation in central Japan, which contradicts the conclusions of previous studies. The variation in estimated pH was also synchronous with the variation of oxygen isotopes in stalagmites in China, suggesting that East Asian summer monsoon precipitation was governed by Northern Hemisphere summer insolation on orbital timescales. However, the estimated winter temperatures were higher during interglacials and lower during glacials, showing an eccentricity cycle. This suggests that the temperature variation reflected winter monsoon variability.

Ajioka, T.; Yamamoto, M.; Takemura, K.; Hayashida, A.

2014-03-01

491

Sleep Disturbances in Individuals with Alcohol-Related Disorders: A Review of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) and Associated Non-Pharmacological Therapies  

PubMed Central

Sleep disturbances are common among alcohol-dependent individuals and are often associated with relapse. The utility of behavioral therapies for sleep disturbances, including cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), among those with alcohol-related disorders is not well understood. This review systematically evaluates the evidence of CBT-I and related behavioral therapies applied to those with alcohol-related disorders and accompanying sleep disturbances. A search of four research databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and CINAHL Plus) yielded six studies that met selection criteria. Articles were reviewed using Cochrane’s Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) scoring system. A majority of the studies demonstrated significant improvements in sleep efficiency among behavioral therapy treatment group(s), including but not limited to CBT-I. While behavioral sleep interventions have been successful in varied populations, they may not be utilized to their full potential among those with alcohol-related disorders as evidenced by the low number of studies found. These findings suggest a need for mixed-methods research on individuals’ sleep experience to inform interventions that are acceptable to the target population. PMID:25288884

Brooks, Alyssa T; Wallen, Gwenyth R

2014-01-01

492

Mechanism of action in CBT (MAC): methods of a multi-center randomized controlled trial in 369 patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia.  

PubMed

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is efficacious for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PD/A). Nevertheless, the active ingredients of treatment and the mechanisms through which CBT achieves its effects remain largely unknown. The mechanisms of action in CBT (MAC) study was established to investigate these questions in 369 patients diagnosed with PD/A. The MAC study utilized a multi-center, randomized controlled design, with two active treatment conditions in which the administration of exposure was varied, and a wait-list control group. The special feature of MAC is the way in which imbedded experimental, psychophysiological, and neurobiological paradigms were included to elucidate therapeutic and psychopathological processes. This paper describes the aims and goals of the MAC study and the methods utilized to achieve them. All aspects of the research design (e.g., assessments, treatment, experimental procedures) were implemented so as to facilitate the detection of active therapeutic components, and the mediators and moderators of therapeutic change. To this end, clinical, behavioral, physiological, experimental, and genetic data were collected and will be integrated. PMID:19876674

Gloster, A T; Wittchen, H U; Einsle, F; Höfler, M; Lang, T; Helbig-Lang, S; Fydrich, T; Fehm, L; Hamm, A O; Richter, J; Alpers, G W; Gerlach, A L; Ströhle, A; Kircher, T; Deckert, J; Zwanzger, P; Arolt, V

2009-11-01

493

Police Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third and fourth annual reports on law enforcement training in New Jersey ("Police Training: The Key to Professional Police Service," 1964-65 and 1965-66) review the powers, responsibilities, and duties of the Police Training Commission; law enforcement officers trained (including failures and total enrollments); hours of programed and other…

New Jersey State Dept. of Law and Public Safety, Trenton.

494

Bacterial GDGTs in Holocene sediments and catchment soils of a high-alpine lake: application of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel proxy for continental mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and soil-pH, the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer, is based on the temperature (T) and pH-dependent distribution of specific bacterial membrane lipids (branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers - GDGTs) in soil organic matter. Here, we tested the applicability of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer to sediments from Lake Cadagno, a small high-alpine lake in southern Switzerland with a small catchment of 2.4 km2. We analysed the distribution of bacterial GDGTs in catchment soils and in a radiocarbon-dated sediment core, which covers the entire Holocene. The composition of bacterial GDGTs in soils are almost identical to that in the lake's surface sediments, indicating a common origin of the lipids. Consequently, the transfer of GDGTs from the soils into the sediment record seems undisturbed, probably without any significant alteration through in situ production or early diagenesis. This could be related to the euxinic conditions of Lake Cadagno, which persisted over the entire Holocene. The MBT/CBT-inferred MAAT-estimates from soils and surface sediments are in good agreement with instrumental values for the Lake Cadagno region (~ 0.5 °C). Moreover, downcore MBT/CBT-derived MAAT-estimates match in timing and magnitude other proxy-based T-reconstructions from nearby locations for the last two millennia. Major climate anomalies recorded by the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer are, for instance, the Little Ice Age (~14th to 19th century) and the Medieval Warm Period (~10th to14th century). Together, our observations indicate a high potential to use branched GDGTs in Lake Cadagno sediments for paleo-climate reconstructions. Consistent with other T-records from both the Alps and from the subpolar NE-Atlantic, our lacustrine paleotemperature record indicates Holocene MAAT-variations with T-highs at ~1, 3, 5, 7, and 11 kyr BP. The good temporal match of the warm periods determined for the S-Alpine region with NW-European winter precipitation strength implies a strong and far-reaching influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on continental European Holocene T-variations.

Niemann, H.; Stadnitskaia, A.; Wirth, S. B.; Gilli, A.; Anselmetti, F. S.; Sinninghe Damsté, J. S.; Schouten, S.; Hopmans, E. C.; Lehmann, M. F.

2012-04-01

495

Increasing leadership capacity for HIV\\/AIDS programmes by strengthening public health epidemiology and management training in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Increased funding for global human immunodeficiency virus prevention and control in developing countries has created both a challenge and an opportunity for achieving long-term global health goals. This paper describes a programme in Zimbabwe aimed at responding more effectively to the HIV\\/AIDS epidemic by reinforcing a critical competence-based training institution and producing public health leaders. METHODS: The programme used

Donna S Jones; Mufuta Tshimanga; Godfrey Woelk; Peter Nsubuga; Nadine L Sunderland; Shannon L Hader; Michael E St Louis

2009-01-01

496

The Peaceful Mind Program: A Pilot Test of a CBT-Based Intervention for Anxious Patients with Dementia  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess feasibility and to conduct a preliminary evaluation of outcomes following Peaceful Mind, a CBT-based intervention for anxiety in dementia, relative to usual care (UC). Design Pilot randomized controlled trial including assessments at baseline, 3 and 6 months Setting Houston, TX Participants 32 outpatients diagnosed with mild (47%) or moderate (53%) dementia receiving care through outpatient clinics at the Veterans Affairs medical center, Baylor College of Medicine, Harris County Hospital District and community day centers for dementia, and their collaterals, who spent at least 8 hours a week with them. Intervention Peaceful Mind included up to 12 weekly in-home sessions (mean = 8.7, SD = 2.27) during the initial 3 months and up to eight brief telephone sessions (mean = 5.4, SD = 3.17) during months 3 to 6, involving self-monitoring for anxiety, deep breathing, and optional skills (coping self-statements, behavioral activation and sleep management). Patients learned skills, and collaterals served as coaches. In UC, patients received diagnostic feedback; and providers were informed of inclusion status. Measurements Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Anxiety subscale, Rating Anxiety in Dementia scale, Penn State Worry Questionnaire-Abbreviated, Geriatric Anxiety Inventory, Geriatric Depression Scale, Quality of Life in Alzheimer’s disease, Patient Health Questionnaire, Client Satisfaction Questionnaire Results Feasibility was demonstrated with regard to recruitment, attrition, and treatment characteristics. At 3 months, clinicians rated patients receiving Peaceful Mind as less anxious, and patients rated themselves as having higher quality of life; collaterals reported less distress related to loved ones’ anxiety. Although significant positive effects were not noted in other outcomes or at 6-month follow-up, the pilot nature of the trial prohibits conclusions about efficacy. Conclusions Results support that Peaceful Mind is ready for future comparative clinical trials. PMID:23567399

Stanley, Melinda A.; Calleo, Jessica; Bush, Amber L.; Wilson, Nancy; Snow, A. Lynn; Kraus-Schuman, Cynthia; Paukert, Amber L.; Petersen, Nancy J.; Brenes, Gretchen A.; Schulz, Paul E.; Williams, Susan P.; Kunik, Mark E.

2012-01-01

497

Training Visions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, "Training" asks the 2011 winners to give their predictions for what training--either in general or specifically at their companies--will look like in the next five to 10 years. Perhaps their "training visions" will spark some ideas in one's organization--or at least help prepare for what might be coming in the next decade or so.

Training, 2011

2011-01-01

498

Use of Branched Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraethers and the MBT/CBT Proxy: a Paleothermometer for the Islands of Hawaii and Oahu  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs), produced by a yet unknown phyla of bacteria, have previously been found to be ubiquitous within soils. Through quantification of abundance of 4 varying types of GDGTs within a soil sample, the methylation of branched tetraethers (MBT) and the cyclization of branched tetraethers (CBT) can be determined. While prior researchers have deduced that CBT closely correlates to paleo-pH of soil and the MBT proxy corresponds to both paleo-temperature and paleo-pH of soils, it has been explicitly and unanimously stated that local calibrations are necessary for application of the MBT/CBT proxy to be viable. Additionally, there is very limited terrestrial paleo-temperature data for the Pacific subtropical gyre. In order to develop a calibrated MBT/CBT proxy for Hawaii, 8 sites of varying elevation (800-1600m a.s.l.) along the Laupahoehoe region of Mauna Kea as well as a diversity of sites around the island of Oahu were chosen and samples of the soil-surface were taken. Sites around Oahu include both the windward and leeward side, accounting for the orographic effect, as well as sites of varying elevations. Analysis and quantification was done using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Preliminary results have thus far confirmed the hypothesized outcome that temperature and pH do in fact have a direct affect on the abundance of GDGTs in Hawaiian surface-soils. Although consistent with previous research in that abundance of GDGTs is linked to both temperature and pH, the results show that effectiveness of the MBT proxy at finding minute changes in temperature in Hawaii is limited, (as previous research has been conducted mainly on higher latitude soils with more variant temperature distributions). Therefore, it is pertinent to use the calibration for mainly larger scale temperature changes. Results of the calibration are currently being applied down-core to detect temperature changes during the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Developing this proxy will aid in upcoming research conducted in Hawaii to determine paleo-temperature change through time and will in turn aid in determining future implications for climate change.

Jenzen, E. T.; Fang, J.; Field, D. B.

2012-12-01

499

YeeU enhances the bundling of cytoskeletal polymers of MreB and FtsZ, antagonizing the CbtA (YeeV) toxicity in Escherichia coli.  

PubMed

All free-living bacteria carry the toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems controlling cell growth and death under stress conditions. YeeU-YeeV (CbtA) is one of the Escherichia coli TA systems, and the toxin, CbtA, has been reported to inhibit the polymerization of bacterial cytoskeletal proteins, MreB and FtsZ. Here, we demonstrate that the antitoxin, YeeU, is a novel type of antitoxin (type IV TA system), which does not form a complex with CbtA but functions as an antagonist for CbtA toxicity. Specifically, YeeU was found to directly interact with MreB and FtsZ, and enhance the bundling of their filamentous polymers in vitro. Surprisingly, YeeU neutralized not only the toxicity of CbtA but also the toxicity caused by other inhibitors of MreB and FtsZ, such as A22, SulA and MinC, indicating that YeeU-induced bundling of MreB and FtsZ has an intrinsic global stabilizing effect on their homeostasis. Here we propose to rename YeeU as CbeA for cytoskeleton bundling-enhancing factor A. PMID:22515815

Masuda, Hisako; Tan, Qian; Awano, Naoki; Wu, Kuen-Phon; Inouye, Masayori

2012-06-01

500

A review on cognitive behavorial therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET) in myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) \\/ chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): CBT\\/GET is not only ineffective and not evidence-based, but also potentially harmful for many patients with ME\\/CFS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) \\/ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating disease which, despite numerous biological abnormalities has remained highly controversial. Notwithstanding the medical pathogenesis of ME\\/CFS, the (bio)psychosocial model is adopted by many governmental organizations and medical profes sio nals to legitimize the combination of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Graded Exercise Therapy (GET) for ME\\/CFS. Justified by

Frank N. M. Twisk; Michael Maes