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1

Origins of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the theories and social factors that contributed to the development of competency-based training (CBT). These include behaviorism (Edward L. Thorndike), scientific management (Frederick Taylor), progressive education (John Dewey), and derivative theories including operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), objectives-based…

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

2

Discipline, Governmentality and 25 Years of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the many critiques of competency-based approaches to education and training (CBT) is a strain which draws on Foucault's analysis of "disciplinary" power and knowledge. Foucault offered an interpretation of modern institutions, such as prisons, armies and schools, which revealed subtle mechanisms of surveillance and systems of knowledge that…

Hodge, Steven; Harris, Roger

2012-01-01

3

Competency Based Training. How To Do It--for Trainers. A Guide for Teachers and Trainers on Approaches to Competency Based Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, which is intended for vocational educators/trainers in Australia, explains the principles and techniques of competency-based training (CBT). The following topics are discussed in the first 10 sections: the decision to adopt CBT in Australia; the meaning of competency; teaching and learning to become competent (competency standards as…

Worsnop, Percy J.

4

Competence-Based Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution aims at informing readers about a current education and training design approach which is based on theory building and practical experience. It is about the development of comprehensive competence-based education, which is different from earlier attempts to develop competence-based education. In many education development…

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

5

Competency-Based Training, Global Skills Mobility and the Teaching of International Students in Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, all vocational education and training (VET) qualifications must be based on competency-based training (CBT) and training packages. Yet, since 2005, there has been a major expansion in the number of VET international students in Australia, 85% of whom are from Asia. Given this development, the teaching and learning contexts in which…

Tran, Ly Thi; Nyland, Chris

2013-01-01

6

Competence-Based Management Training. Report 302.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research study examined what competence-based management training (CBMT) is, how organizations are using it and why, and what impact it has had. It drew on evidence from a survey and case studies conducted among large employers in Britain (United Kingdom). General findings from 377 respondents indicated that the use of competencies was…

Strebler, M. T.; Bevan, S.

7

Competence and Competency-based Training: What the Literature Says  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review, commissioned by the National Quality Council, provides a historical account of the development of competency-based training in Australia and summarises the issues arising from the range of reviews conducted on elements of the national training system. It also explores the variety of ways in which competence is conceived…

Guthrie, Hugh

2009-01-01

8

Competency-Based Education and Training. Myths and Realities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proponents of competency-based education and training (CBET) promote it as a way to improve the correspondence between education/training and workplace requirements. CBET's opponents consider it excessively reductionist, narrow, and rigid, as well as theoretically, empirically, and pedagogically unsound. The following are among the issues…

Kerka, Sandra

9

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Firefighter Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum, developed by firefighters and educators in West Virginia, is designed for use as a resource for the development of improved firefighter training programs. It consists of an introductory note to the instructor and 140 competency sheets. These sheets deal with tasks in the following areas: general…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

10

Training addiction counselors to implement CBT for depression  

PubMed Central

Many clients in publicly funded substance abuse treatment programs suffer from depression yet lack access to effective mental health treatment. This study sought to examine whether addiction counselors could be effectively trained to deliver group CBT for depression and to ascertain client perceptions of the treatment. Five counselors were trained in the therapy and treated 113 clients with depression symptoms. Counselors demonstrated high fidelity to the therapy and client perceptions of the therapy were positive. Our results suggest that training addiction counselors to deliver group CBT for depression is a promising integrated treatment approach for co-occurring depression and substance disorders.

Hepner, Kimberly A.; Hunter, Sarah B.; Paddock, Susan M.; Zhou, Annie; Watkins, Katherine E.

2011-01-01

11

The Problem with CBT (and Why Constructivism Makes Things Worse)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper develops a social realist critique of competency-based training (CBT) by drawing on the philosophy of critical realism and the sociology of Basil Bernstein as complementary modes of analysis. CBT is the mandated model of curriculum in the vocational education and training (VET) sector in Australia. It results in an impoverished…

Wheelahan, Leesa

2009-01-01

12

Competency-Based Geropsychology Training in Doctoral Internships and Postdoctoral Fellowships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opportunities for geropsychology training in doctoral internships and postdoctoral fellowships have slowly grown over the years. There will be a need for more geropsychology training programs as the U.S. population ages concurrent with increased demand for mental health services from older adults. This article provides recommendations for competency-based geropsychology training that derive from the Pikes Peak Model for Training in

Gregory A. Hinrichsen; Antonette M. Zeiss; Michele J. Karel; Victor A. Molinari

2010-01-01

13

Project REACH: A Competency-Based Manual for Camp Director Training. Appendix T. Camp Director Training Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Resulting from a 3 year project to develop and test competency based programs for camp personnel serving the physically handicapped, the document contains a manual for training the camp director. An introductory section gives an explanation of competency based instruction, a description of a module, and an overview of the camp director training

Vinton, Dennis A., Ed.; Farley, Elizabeth M., Ed.

14

Competency-Based Training: Adapting to Warfighter Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Historically USAF Combat Air Forces (CAF) aircrews have trained under an event-based system, maintaining Combat Mission Ready status by accomplishing specified numbers of sortie types and events during the annual training cycle. Advances in training analy...

C. M. Colegrove W. Bennett

2006-01-01

15

A structured competency based training programme for junior trainees in emergency medicine: the "Dundee Model"  

PubMed Central

Recent changes in medical training prompted by Modernising Medical Careers and the New Deal requires a more structured, competency based training programme. This paper describes the development of such a programme in an emergency medicine department of a teaching hospital. It describes the process of design and the various aspects incorporated to develop a balanced system of training, appraisal, and assessment.

Cook, R J; Pedley, D K; Thakore, S

2006-01-01

16

A Disciplinary Perspective of Competency-Based Training on the Acquisition of Employability Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the changing global economy, employability skills increasingly are the focus of vocational education and training institutions. This paper explores the effect of academic disciplines, students' background characteristics and industry training on the acquisition of employability skills through competency-based training. A significant…

Boahin, Peter; Hofman, Adriaan

2013-01-01

17

Competency-Based Assessment and Training. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1979-80, Arizona State University directed a training and curriculum development project that sought to develop a national consortium on community education composed of institutions of higher education, assess current training programs, and develop exemplary curriculum training modules. This report discribes the project and its results. The…

Paddock, Susan C.

18

Sewing: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #31.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module helps the CDA intern present and supervise sewing activities for preschool children. Classroom activities as well as training objectives for the intern are provided. The module emphasizes (1) the values of sewing activities for the preschool child, (2) the kinds of material that can be used in…

Migliaro, Ann

19

Competency Based Training Program for Department Chairpersons and Other Resource Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Competency Based Training Program is a three part, three phase package. It contains: (1) a research document; (2) a set of 18 programed units and; (3) cassettes to accompany two specific units. The program phases require that: (1) the participant and a training advisor jointly perform a needs assessment activity and select appropriate units…

Bingen, Frances N.; And Others

20

Clay: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #32.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module indicates the values of craft activities with clay for preschool children. Classroom activities as well as instructional objectives for the CDA intern are provided. The module emphasizes (1) reasons for using clay in the preschool program, (2) types of clay and clay-like materials, and (3)…

Foster, Cheryl

21

[Competency-based training and work world: from grading to employability].  

PubMed

Considered as an element of business discourse, the competence-based education emerges associated with processes of productive restructuring influencing the economy since 1970. These processes arise as a consequence of the crisis of the accumulation model based on mass production and consumption following the principles of taylorism and fordism. In the last decades, the State has been unable to solve the periodic crisis that afflicts late capitalism. Because of this, the State moves away from its economic mission, promotes marketing mechanisms and, in the meantime, it tries to manage the motivational crisis of the population. This challenge forces the State to take interest in the vital world of individuals trying to solve the legitimacy crisis through educational reforms that affect the world of work. The relationship between the vertiginous changes of working world and a new educational formation is explicit. This educational formation must consider (at the same time) the management capacity, learning capacity, teamwork capacity and self-training. Based on this situation, there is a direct relationship between technologic advances, the structural crisis of capitalism and work organization. Besides, the "qualification" term is replaced with "competency-based education". PMID:23258750

Estrada, John H M

2012-06-01

22

Competency-based training for PMH nurse generalists: inpatient intervention and prevention of suicide.  

PubMed

Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States. Approximately 90,000 psychiatric mental health (PMH) nurse generalists work in hospitals in the United States, mostly on inpatient psychiatric units where the most acutely suicidal patients are hospitalized. Although competencies have been developed for mental health clinicians in assessing and managing suicide risk, there are no standard competencies for PMH nurse generalists. Widely accepted nursing practices do not meet suicide-specific standards of care or evidence-based criteria. Although both the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education Essentials for Baccalaureate Education and the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competencies stress the necessity for comprehensive assessment, safe clinical practices, patient-centered care, evidence-based interventions, and interprofessional communication and collaboration, there are no specific requirements for suicide prevention training in educational and clinical programs. The American Psychiatric Nurses Association has an opportunity to provide leadership in developing, implementing, and evaluating competency-based training for nurses and partner with the national effort to increase the competencies in suicide prevention in the behavioral health workforce. PMID:23950543

Puntil, Cheryl; York, Janet; Limandri, Barbara; Greene, Pamela; Arauz, Eric; Hobbs, Deborah

2013-01-01

23

Monitor Student Progress and Maintain Student Records. Self-Instructional Competency-Based Professional Teacher Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is part of a series of self-instructional teacher training manuals designed to assist vocational-technical educators or industrial trainers to develop and implement competency-based vocational education (CBVE) programs in a school or industrial setting. The manual consists of the following sections: cover page that contains the…

Dimmlich, David; Oen, Urban T., Ed.

24

National Vocational Qualifications, Scottish Vocational Qualifications and Competence-based Education and Training: From de Ville to Beaumont.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the 10-year development of competency-based education and training as manifested in National Vocational Qualifications in Britain. Argues that both promoters and critics are guilty of wild claims and excesses, but suggests that opponents have misinterpreted the original ideas. (SK)

Franklin, Kenneth

1997-01-01

25

An Assessment of Head Start Supplementary Training Programs In Providing Child Development Associate Competency Based Training. Volume I: Executive Summary - National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This executive summary briefly outlines the methodology used and data collected in the National Survey of Head Start Supplementary Training/Child Development Associate (HSST/CDA) Competency Based Training Programs. (HSST/CDA training programs are intended to prepare Head Start classroom staff to meet the competency requirements of the CDA…

Gilman, Ann; Signatur, Diane

26

An Assessment of Head Start Supplementary Training Programs in Providing Child Development Associate Competency Based Training. Volume III: Appendix - National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summary statistics and questionnaires are presented in this appendix to the Final Report of the National Survey of Head Start Supplementary Training/Child Development Associate (HSST/CDA) Competency Based Training Programs. (HSST/CDA training programs are intended to prepare Head Start classroom staff to meet the competency requirements of the CDA…

Gilman, Ann; Signatur, Diane

27

The generality and social validity of a competency-based self-control training intervention for underachieving students.  

PubMed

We evaluated the effectiveness, generality, and social validity of a modified version of a competency-based self-control package developed by Stevenson and Fantuzzo (1984). Three underachieving fifth-grade students were trained to use this intervention to increase their arithmetic proficiency. Results indicated that the intervention produced improved arithmetic performance. Moreover, all possible classes of generalization were evidenced for the participants. Social validity data showed that the children's arithmetic performance either surpassed or approached the mean performance of their higher achieving classmates. Additionally, teachers reported that the intervention was effective, appropriate for classroom use, and easy to implement. PMID:3771419

Stevenson, H C; Fantuzzo, J W

1986-01-01

28

The generality and social validity of a competency-based self-control training intervention for underachieving students.  

PubMed Central

We evaluated the effectiveness, generality, and social validity of a modified version of a competency-based self-control package developed by Stevenson and Fantuzzo (1984). Three underachieving fifth-grade students were trained to use this intervention to increase their arithmetic proficiency. Results indicated that the intervention produced improved arithmetic performance. Moreover, all possible classes of generalization were evidenced for the participants. Social validity data showed that the children's arithmetic performance either surpassed or approached the mean performance of their higher achieving classmates. Additionally, teachers reported that the intervention was effective, appropriate for classroom use, and easy to implement.

Stevenson, H C; Fantuzzo, J W

1986-01-01

29

Randomized Trial of Web-based Training to Promote Counselor Use of CBT Skills in Client Sessions  

PubMed Central

With funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, we delivered a Web training program on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to addiction counselors and supervisors in 54 U.S. addiction units and conducted a randomized controlled trial with 127 counselors in 2006–07. Adequate adherence to CBT practice at pre- and post-training was judged from audiotapes of client sessions using an adequacy rating guide of counseling skills. A web-administered questionnaire assessed demographics, prior training, attitudes, and self-report counseling practices. Logistic regression model findings are described with discussion of dissemination of evidence-based practices, study limitations, and future research needs for empirically-supported training programs.

Larson, Mary Jo; Amodeo, Maryann; LoCastro, Joseph S.; Muroff, Jordana; Smith, Lauren; Gerstenberger, Eric

2014-01-01

30

Online Medical CBT Usage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The website MedicalEducation.nl enables to students to access online medical Computer Based Training material any time and any place. For three types of embedding of CBT material in a medical curriculum, the relation between embedding type and usage statistics are described. The introduction of competition is shown to enhance CBT re-usage.

A. J. M. De Man; P. M. Bloemendaal; S. Eggermont

2007-01-01

31

Competency-Based Mainstream English Language Training Project (MELT) Resource Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource package is the product of seven national demonstration projects funded by the U.S. Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR). The package is intended to assist persons involved with refugee language training in developing programs that address the ORR's English language training goals. The guide is divided into sections addressing the…

Office of Refugee Resettlement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

32

COMPETENCY-BASED TRAINING IN SMES: THE ROLE OF E-LEARNING AND E-COMPETENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we examine the training situation of Euro- pean Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), especially in regard to e-learning. While e-learning has been widely presented as the solution for the training needs of SMEs, analyses of the real situation show quite another picture. Some of these analyses are results of the project ARIEL - Analyzing and Reporting the

Ileana Hamburg; Steffi Engert

33

The Preschool Child's Total Learning Environment: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module focuses on the staff's role in creating and maintaining a child-oriented learning environment for preschool children. An Environment Checklist is provided to help CDA interns assess the richness of their classroom environments before and after completing the training module. Module objectives,…

Pintchovski, Susan; Workman, Stefanie

34

Designing a Competency-Based New County Extension Personnel Training Program: A Novel Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary county personnel turnover occurs for a multitude of reasons, including the lack of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and job embeddedness and lack of proper training. Loss of personnel can be costly both economically and in terms of human capital. Retention of Extension professionals can be improved through proper training or…

Brodeur, Cheri Winton; Higgins, Cynthia; Galindo-Gonzalez, Sebastian; Craig, Diane D.; Haile, Tyann

2011-01-01

35

Blocks in the Early Childhood Program: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module shows interns how to make the most of children's interest in playing with blocks. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A study guide emphasizes (1) values of block play, (2) physical space for block building…

Foster, Cheryl

36

Competency-Based In-Service Training in Recreation for the Aged.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As leisure services facilities have expanded with the growth in numbers of older adults, there has been a corresponding need for personnel trained in recreational work with the aged. From survey responses regarding roles and related functions, competencies for these recreational workers were prioritized and subsequently used as the basis for…

Leitner, Michael Jay

37

Evaluation of a Competency-Based Inservice Training Program for Personnel Serving Disabled Preschoolers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers who have been trained to work with normal young children (early childhood certification) or with older disabled children (special education certification) are unprepared to assume the multiple responsibilities of the teacher of preschool disabled children. Prior to the 1979-1980 academic year, few (if any) formal on-going inservice (or…

Stile, Stephen W.; And Others

38

Cooperative Planning: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module provides guidelines for cooperative curriculum planning involving both children and adults. Objectives are stipulated and activities for achieving each objective are suggested in an assessment checklist format. A study guide emphasizes (1) how to include children in the planning process, (2)…

Emmons, Barbara

39

Nutrition in the Early Childhood Setting: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to provide the CDA intern with knowledge of how to use nutrition information with children and parents, as well as how to structure and carry out a nutrition program, including mealtime and food preparation activities. Objectives are presented along with suggested activities…

Terrell, Ann

40

Understanding How Children Learn: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #36.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to help the CDA intern understand the skills that young children bring to the preschool classroom, and the kinds of classroom activities that help children learn. Objectives are stipulated, activities for each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided.…

Graves, Patricia

41

Establishing Relationships with Parents to Facilitate Communication: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is designed to help the CDA intern establish a positive type of relationship with parents which will lead to effective communication and cooperation between home and school. Objectives are presented along with suggested activities for achieving each objective and an assessment checklist. Also…

Foster, Cheryl

42

Large Muscle Development: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to help the CDA intern learn to assess the child's level of large muscle development and provide appropriate activities to foster motor coordination. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A…

Foster, Cheryl

43

Literature for Preschool Children: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to help the CDA intern learn to appreciate and share children's literature with preschool children. Objectives are stipulated, activities for each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. Also included is a study guide, which outlines (1) the…

Brownrigg, Carolyn

44

Participating in Program Evaluation: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module provides guidelines for program evlauation by the CDA intern. Program evaluation objectives and activities for the intern are outlined. Instructional material in the module emphasizes (1) types of and occasions for program evaluation activities, (2) components of a comprehensive child care…

Eddowes, Ann

45

Large and Small Group Activities: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module, was designed to provide the CDA intern with knowledge of how to establish grouping patterns which meet the program objectives, the teacher's objectives, and the children's needs. Objectives are presented along with suggested activities for achieving each objective, and an assessment…

Migliaro, Ann

46

Enhancing a Positive Self-Concept: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module helps interns establish a preschool center environment that promotes the development of positive self concepts among young children. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A study guide emphasized (1)…

Emmons, Barbara

47

Encouraging the Open Expression of Feelings: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to help the CDA intern develop the knowledge and skills necessary to encourage the open expression of feelings among children in the classroom. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A study…

Foster, Cheryl

48

Music and Creative Movement: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to help the CDA intern increase musical experiences in his or her classroom. Objectives are presented along with suggested activities for achieving each objective, and an assessment checklist. Also provided is a study guide emphasizing the values of musical activities in the…

Brownrigg, Carolyn

49

Collecting, Organizing, and Using Teaching Aids: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to provide the CDA intern with knowledge of how to collect, organize, and use teaching aids. Objectives are presented along with suggested activities for achieving each objective and an assessment checklist. Also provided is a study guide emphasizing children's profiles,…

Emmons, Barbara

50

Providing for Individual Differences: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is designed to help the CDA intern develop the knowledge and skills necessary for establishing an individualized program for young children. Objectives are presented, along with suggested activities for achieving each objective and an assessment checklist. Also provided is a study guide…

Roberts, Margaret

51

Creative Media: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #25. (Revised and with New Material).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to help the CDA intern become aware of the values of a creative media program for young children, develop the knowledge and skills needed to implement an art program, and select media for their process values rather than for their products. Objectives are presented along with…

Graves, Patricia; Migliaro, Ann

52

Health and Safety: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to help the CDA intern develop the knowledge and skills necessary to provide a safe and healthy environment for preschool children. Objectives are stipulated and activities for each objective are suggested. The importance of protecting young children is explained. Practical…

Migliaro, Ann

53

Developing a Competence-Based Addiction Medicine Curriculum in Indonesia: The Training Needs Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indonesia has one of the fastest growing, injecting drugs user-driven, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemics in Asia. Coverage of needle and syringe programs (NSPs), opioid substitution therapy (OST), and antiretroviral treatment (ART) is increasing, but is still low, whereas professional training in addiction medicine is not yet…

Pinxten, W. J. L.; De Jong, C.; Hidayat, T.; Istiqomah, A. N.; Achmad, Y. M.; Raya, R. P.; Norviatin, D.; Siregar, I. M. P.

2011-01-01

54

A Feasibility Study for a Comprehensive Competency-Based Training and Certification System for Child Care Personnel in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Annotated Bibliography. Appendix A. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 196-item annotated bibliography contains components of a competency-based training and certification system for teachers serving children in Pennsylvania day care programs. It is the appendix of a final report sponsored by the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare, Bureau of Child Development. The organizational topics and number of…

Educational Projects, Inc., Washington, DC.

55

A Bermuda Triangle? A Case Study of the Disappearance of Competence?based Vocational Training Policy in the Context of Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports some findings from an ESRC funded project on the implementation of National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) and competence?based vocational training. The theoretical perspective is informed by interactionist traditions within the sociology of education which bear witness to the importance of ethnographic work on policy implementation in order to explore social contexts and meanings at this level. The paper

Inge Bates; Judith Dutson

1995-01-01

56

The Road Map to Preparedness: A Competency-Based Approach to All-Hazards Emergency Readiness Training for the Public Health Workforce  

Microsoft Academic Search

a SYNOPSIS Facing limited time and budgetary resources, state and local health departments need a practical, competency-based training approach to meet the all-hazards readiness requirements of their employees. The Road Map to Preparedness is a training tool designed to assist health departments in providing comprehensive, agency-tailored readiness instruction to their employees. This tool uses an incen- tive-based, game-like, experiential learning

Cindy L. Parker; Daniel J. Barnett; Ayanna L. Fews; David Blodgett; Jonathan M. Links

57

Direct Program Evaluation. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with background information and hands-on experiences for acquiring the skills necessary to direct a program evaluation, this competency-based learning module contains an introduction and four sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience consists of an overview,…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

58

The CBT Advisor: An Expert System Program for Making Decisions about CBT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses structure, credibility, and use of the Computer Based Training (CBT) Advisor, an expert system designed to help managers make judgements about course selection, system selection, cost/benefits, development effort, and probable success of CBT projects. (MBR)

Kearsley, Greg

1985-01-01

59

An Assessment of Head Start Supplementary Training Programs in Providing Child Development Associate Competency Based Training. Volume IV: Case Studies of Eight HSST/CDA Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These case studies describe the design and implementation of eight selected Head Start Supplementary Training/Child Development Associate (HSST/CDA) programs. (HSST/CDA training programs are intended to prepare Head Start classroom staff to meet the competency requirements of the CDA credential.) Each case study, selected for its training methods,…

Gilman, Ann; Signatur, Diane

60

Competency Based Consumer Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended as a tool to help teachers develop a competency-based consumer education curriculum. It first briefly discusses the need for a competency-based approach over a K-14 continuum. The major portion of the document then consists of lists of competencies on a K-14 continuum that are nonsubject specific. They are categorized…

Douma, Elaine L.

61

The Road Map to Preparedness: a competency-based approach to all-hazards emergency readiness training for the public health workforce.  

PubMed Central

Facing limited time and budgetary resources, state and local health departments need a practical, competency-based training approach to meet the all-hazards readiness requirements of their employees. The Road Map to Preparedness is a training tool designed to assist health departments in providing comprehensive, agency-tailored readiness instruction to their employees. This tool uses an incentive-based, game-like, experiential learning approach to meet the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's nine core competencies for all public health workers while facilitating public health employees' understanding and acceptance of their emergency response roles. A corresponding evaluation tool, the Road Map to Preparedness Evaluation, yields metrically-driven assessments of public health employee readiness competencies. Since its pilot in 2003, the Road Map to Preparedness has met with enthusiastic response from participating health departments in the mid-Atlantic region. In addition to its public health impact, the Road Map offers future promise as a tool to assist organizational emergency response training in private sector and non-public health first-responder agency settings.

Parker, Cindy L.; Barnett, Daniel J.; Fews, Ayanna L.; Blodgett, David; Links, Jonathan M.

2005-01-01

62

Fostering Communication and Language Skills in the Early Childhood Setting: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is designed to help CDA interns to understand, assess, and foster the development of children's communication skills. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A study guide emphasizes (1) the nature and use of…

Graves, Patricia

63

Management Functions for the Early Childhood Classroom Teacher: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #35.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to offer guidelines to assist the CDA intern in the development of management functions appropriate for the smooth operation of the classroom learning environment. Objectives are stipulated, activities for each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided…

Eddowes, Anne

64

Giving Credit where Credit Is Due: Creating a Competency-Based Qualifications Framework for Postsecondary Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national goal of increasing postsecondary credentials, to improve both equity and economic competitiveness, requires a fresh look at how to recognize learning in noncredit workforce education and training. The credit hour has long been the standard academic currency in postsecondary education. Despite its weakness as a measure of learning, in…

Ganzglass, Evelyn; Bird, Keith; Prince, Heath

2011-01-01

65

Computer-Assisted Delivery of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Addiction: A Randomized Trial of CBT4CBT  

PubMed Central

Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of a computer-based version of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for substance dependence. Methods This was a randomized clinical trial in which 77 individuals seeking treatment for substance dependence at an outpatient community setting were randomized to standard treatment or standard treatment with biweekly access to computer-based training in CBT (CBT4CBT). Results Treatment retention and data availability were comparable across the treatment conditions. Participants assigned to the CBT4CBT condition submitted significantly more urine specimens that were negative for any type of drugs and tended to have longer continuous periods of abstinence during treatment. The CBT4CBT program was positively evaluated by participants. In the CBT4CBT condition, outcome was more strongly associated with treatment engagement than in TAU; further, completion of homework assignments in CBT4CBT was significantly correlated with outcome and a significant predictor of treatment involvement. Conclusions These data suggest that CBT4CBT is an effective adjunct to standard outpatient treatment for substance dependence and may provide an important means of making CBT, an empirically validated treatment, more broadly available.

Carroll, Kathleen M.; Ball, Samuel A.; Martino, Steve; Nich, Charla; Babuscio, Theresa A.; Nuro, Kathryn F.; Gordon, Melissa A.; Portnoy, Galina A.; Rounsaville, Bruce J.

2008-01-01

66

Competency Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This innovative, individualized program at Madonna College is based on a systems approach to learning. The primary objective of this program is providing the students with specific competency goals and helping them to acquire these goals. The most important component of the program is a selected list of critical competencies based upon a model of…

Madonna Coll., Livonia, MI.

67

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Miscellaneous Dental Instruments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

68

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Sharpening Dental Instruments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

69

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Classification of Instruments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. P. Mink

1981-01-01

70

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Surgical Instruments and Dressings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

71

Underpinnings of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: To understand and appropriately implement competency-based education (CBE) to its fullest potential in professional programs, an investigation of its evolution is required. Objective: To reveal the development of the CBE approach now dominating many professional programs in higher education, including Athletic Training Education Programs…

Schilling, Jim F.; Koetting, J. Randall

2010-01-01

72

Development of Competency-Based Assessment Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Construct validity has been an issue in assessment centers literature. This study developed a model for competency-based assessment centers by integrating competency modeling, training design, assessment centers, and multi-source feedback assessment. Several propositions in conjunction with the model were also developed to help resolve construct…

Chen, Hsin-Chih; Naquin, Sharon S.

2005-01-01

73

An Assessment of Head Start Supplementary Training Programs in Providing Child Development Associate Competency Based Training. Volume II: Final Report - National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final and inclusive report discusses the findings of a national survey of training programs which were intended to prepare Head Start classroom staff to meet the competency requirements of the Child Development Associate (CDA) Credential. Self-administered survey questionnaires for project managers, field supervisors, and trainees were…

Gilman, Ann; Signatur, Diane

74

CBT competence in novice therapists improves anxiety outcomes  

PubMed Central

Objective This study explores the relationships between therapist variables (CBT competence, and CBT adherence) and clinical outcomes of computer-assisted CBT for anxiety disorders delivered by novice therapists in a primary care setting. Methods Participants were recruited for a randomized controlled trial of evidence-based treatment, including computer-assisted CBT, versus treatment as usual. Therapists (Anxiety Clinical Specialists; ACSs) were non-expert clinicians, many of whom had no prior experience in delivering psychotherapy (and in particular, very little experience with CBT). Trained raters reviewed randomly selected treatment sessions from 176 participants and rated therapists on measures of CBT-competence and CBT-adherence. Patients were assessed at baseline and at 6, 12, and 18 month follow-ups on measures of anxiety, depression, and functioning, and an average reliable change index was calculated as a composite measure of outcome. CBT-competence and CBT-adherence were entered as predictors of outcome, after controlling for baseline covariates. Results Higher CBT-competence was associated with better clinical outcomes whereas CBT-adherence was not. Also, CBT-competence was inversely correlated with years of clinical experience and trended (not significantly, though) down as the study progressed. CBT-adherence was inversely correlated with therapist tenure in the study. Conclusions Therapist competence was related to improved clinical outcomes when CBT for anxiety disorders was delivered by novice clinicians with technology assistance. The results highlight the value of the initial training for novice therapists as well as booster training to limit declines in therapist adherence.

Brown, Lily A.; Craske, Michelle G.; Glenn, Daniel E.; Stein, Murray B.; Sullivan, Greer; Sherbourne, Cathy; Bystritsky, Alexander; Welch, Stacy S.; Campbell-Sills, Laura; Lang, Ariel; Roy-Byrne, Peter; Rose, Raphael D.

2013-01-01

75

Statewide CBT Training for Clinicians and Supervisors Treating Youth: The New York State Evidence Based Treatment Dissemination Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, several states have undertaken efforts to disseminate evidence-based treatments to agencies and clinicians in their children's service system. In New York, the Evidence Based Treatment Dissemination Center adopted a unique translation-based training and consultation model in which an initial 3-day training was combined with a year…

Gleacher, Alissa A.; Nadeem, Erum; Moy, Amanda J.; Whited, Andria L.; Albano, Anne Marie; Radigan, Marleen; Wang, Rui; Chassman, Janet; Myrhol-Clarke, Britt; Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton

2011-01-01

76

Competency Based Education: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography is a sampling of the types of publications which have appeared recently on the subject of competency based education. Emphasis is given to current (1970-76) materials and to adult career-related competencies. Titles specifically naming some phase of competency-based education are preferred above titles that emphasize performance,…

Cox, Helen, Ed.

77

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Introduction to Stress from a Psychological Viewpoint.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistance and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. Th...

B. P. Mink

1981-01-01

78

A Bermuda Triangle? A Case Study of the Disappearance of Competence-Based Vocational Training Policy in the Context of Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observations of job training of special needs students were analyzed in terms of operational demands, staffing levels, resources, and trainee interaction. The competence approach often disappeared in the face of more pressing concerns; it serves to legitimate a political response rather than solve an educational problem. (SK)

Bates, Inge; Dutson, Judith

1995-01-01

79

Understanding Parents' Values for Their Children, and Recognizing the Family as a Prime Educator: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to provide guidelines for the CDA intern to use in: (1) becoming aware of and understanding parents' values for their children, (2) recognizing the major role that parents have in their child's education and, (3) helping parents gain more understanding about children and…

Foster, Cheryl

80

Competency Based Refresher Nurse Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based course is designed to update the skills and knowledge of inactive nurses desiring to return to active practice. Focus of the course is on organizing and managing patient care using the nursing process; performing nursing procedures, including medication administration; and reintegrating oneself into the professional…

Lombardo, Mary C.

81

A Competency Based Certification System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Carroll County Competency Based Teacher Certification (CBTC) Project is a cooperative effort of the Carroll County School System and the School of Education, West Georgia College, intended to develop a plan for identifying and measuring teacher competency areas and related teacher behaviors, and the extent to which these teacher behaviors…

Coker, Homer; Coker, Joan G.

82

Competency-Based Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of papers on critical issues in vocational-technical education, this paper discusses four aspects of Competency-Based Vocational Education (CBVE): What is CBVE?, Why CBVE?, V-TECS (Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States)--A System of Curriculum Development, and Problems--Issues. Focus is on Kentucky program development…

Couch, Sue; Henry, Sarah

83

Competency-Based Horticulture. Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of two competency-based horticulture curriculum guides developed by an Illinois project, this Floriculture guide provides the classroom teacher with specific tasks determined by state industry personnel to be necessary for entry-level job placement. It is intended for horticulture education at the senior high school and two year college level.…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

84

Competency-Based Horticulture: Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program in floriculture. It contains a master resource list, a listing of floriculture resources available from various states, and 89 competency task sheets organized into nine competency areas. These…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

85

More Power to the Executive? A Preliminary Test of CBT plus Executive Skills Training for Treatment of Late-Life GAD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hypothesized reason for the lower rates of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) response among older as compared to younger anxiety patients is that they are more likely to show age-related deficits in executive skills, which are complex cognitive skills involved in the regulation of negative affect. Following an 8-week baseline period, this pilot…

Mohlman, Jan

2008-01-01

86

Application of a needs-driven, competencies-based mental health training program to a post-disaster situation: the Grenada experience.  

PubMed

This report outlines an innovative approach to address post-natural disaster mental health needs in a region in which natural disasters are common---the Caribbean. Instead of traditional external vertical psychosocial interventions commonly used in this region, the authors developed and implemented a mental health interventions training program, in the island country of Grenada, which is focused on enhancing the capacity of local community-based health service providers to provide immediate and continued mental healthcare following a natural disaster. Soon after this training, a hurricane stuck the island of Grenada. A review of the self-confidence in the application of this training and the mental health intervention activities of these community health providers demonstrated that they felt able to effectively identify, intervene, and address post-disaster mental health needs within their communities and that their care of individuals affected continued beyond the immediate post-disaster period, suggesting that enhancing the capacity of local community-based health providers to deal with post-natural disaster mental health needs may be a useful model that may be applicable in other jurisdictions. PMID:18822841

Kutcher, Stan; Chehil, Sonia

2008-01-01

87

A Rationale for Competency-Based Programs in Educational Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines some issues associated with emerging educational programs and training concepts and suggests some basic organizing principles for developing competency-based programs for the education of school leaders. The issues discussed include the following: (a) reliability of instructional systems in producing desired outcomes, (b)…

Feldvebel, Alexander M.

1974-01-01

88

Secretarial/Clerical Occupations. A Competency Based Articulated Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a competency-based curriculum guide designed to promote articulation in secretarial/clerical occupations training programs between and among secondary and postsecondary institutions in the Indian Hills Community College and Merged Area XV high schools in Iowa. The guide is organized in eight sections. The first six sections…

Poli, Linda; And Others

89

Emergency Medical Technician. Competency Based Education Curriculum. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning with an introductory handbook, this competency-based curriculum contains 13 modules for an 81-hour secondary- or postsecondary-level course for Emergency Medical Technician (EMT). Introductory materials include module component descriptions and information for administering an EMT training program, such as an instructor's schedule, list…

Spotts, Sue Ann

90

Competence Based Educational Metadata for Supporting Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects retains, to a large extent, its initial anticipations and, supported by Educational Metadata, it is still

Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2008-01-01

91

Design for Competence Based Education in Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported are proceedings of a conference on competency based teacher education (CBTE) and the preparation of special educators. Papers on the following topics are included: CBTE and the education of the handicapped (H. Saettler); models for coalitions in special education teacher training (M. Reynolds); principles and practices for designing…

Creamer, John J.; Gilmore, Joseph T.

92

Case Formulation in TADS CBT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS), a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) manual was developed with the aim of balancing standardization and flexibility. In this article, we describe the manual's case formulation procedures, which served as one major mechanism of flexibility in TADS CBT. We first describe the essential…

Rogers, Gregory M.; Reinecke, Mark A.; Curry, John F.

2005-01-01

93

The CBT (R)evolution and the Authoring Engines that Drive It.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of developments in computer-based training (CBT) authoring software and reviews the following products: Macromedia's Authorware, Aimtech's CBT Express, Iprax CourseWorks, Intersystem Concepts' Everest, Aimtech's IconAuthor, Innovus Multimedia, Allen Communication's QuestNet+, and Asymetrix's ToolBook II Instructor. A sidebar…

Hefner, Donna

1996-01-01

94

Evaluation of the Sustainability and Clinical Outcome of Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) in a Child Protection Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the sustainability and outcome of Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) as delivered by practitioners in a community-based child protection program who had received training in the model several years earlier. Formerly described as Abuse-Focused CBT, AF-CBT is an evidence-based treatment (EBT) for…

Kolko, David J.; Iselin, Anne-Marie R.; Gully, Kevin J.

2011-01-01

95

Competency-Based Curriculum, Kentucky Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its firm commitment to competency-based vocational education, Kentucky has gone beyond its V-TECS catalogs to develop modules that will give teachers almost complete flexibility in individualized instruction. Implementation of the model is fully described. (HD)

Bruce, Herbert, Jr.; Carpenter, Bruce

1977-01-01

96

Dissemination Of Evidence-Based CBT Intervention Components: Online Self-Administered Training For Providers Treating Military Deployment-Related PTSD.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study is to design, implement and evaluate a web- based, self-paced training program to provide skills-oriented continuing education for mental health professionals. It is intended to reach a broad range of mental health providers pres...

J. I. Ruzek R. Rosen

2010-01-01

97

Dissemination of Evidence-Based CBT Intervention Components: Online Self- Administered Training for Providers Treating Military Deployment-Related PTSD. Annual Report August 1, 2008-July 31, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study is to design, implement and evaluate a web- based, self-paced training program to provide skillsoriented continuing education for mental health professionals. It is intended to reach a broad range of mental health providers prese...

R. Rosen

2009-01-01

98

Dissemination of Evidence-Based CBT Intervention Components: Online Self-Administered Training for Providers Treating Military Deployment-Related PTSD.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study is to design, implement and evaluate a web- based, self-paced training program to provide skills-oriented continuing education for mental health professionals. It is intended to reach a broad range of mental health providers pres...

J. I. Ruzek R. Rosen

2009-01-01

99

Portable color multimedia training systems based on monochrome laptop computers (CBT-in-a-briefcase), with spinoff implications for video uplink and downlink in spaceflight operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes efforts to use digital motion video compression technology to develop a highly portable device that would convert 1990-91 era IBM-compatible and/or MacIntosh notebook computers into full-color, motion-video capable multimedia training systems. An architecture was conceived that would permit direct conversion of existing laser-disk-based multimedia courses with little or no reauthoring. The project did not physically demonstrate certain critical video keying techniques, but their implementation should be feasible. This investigation of digital motion video has spawned two significant spaceflight projects at MSFC: one to downlink multiple high-quality video signals from Spacelab, and the other to uplink videoconference-quality video in realtime and high quality video off-line, plus investigate interactive, multimedia-based techniques for enhancing onboard science operations. Other airborne or spaceborne spinoffs are possible.

Scott, D. W.

1994-01-01

100

The appropriateness of professional judgement to determine performance rubrics in a graded competency based assessment framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract With the implementation of competency based assessment within the Australian vocational education and training (VET) sector the focus has been on valid and reliable assessments to ensure that there are consistent outcomes across training providers. Underpinning this has being the notion of providing assessment judgements within a dichotomous,reporting framework; that is competent or not yet competent. This study investigated

Andrea Bateman

101

Not Just Falling over the Line? A Snapshot of Competency-Based Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of competency-based assessment (CBA) under Australia's National Training Framework was evaluated to provide indicators for improvement in CBA policy and practice. The evaluation included three data collection activities: a survey of 258 teachers, trainers, and assessors (response rate, 43%); a survey of 68 Industry Training

Dickson, Michelle; Bloch, Barbara

102

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use at Eastern Illinois University in a model curriculum designed to prepare secondary school teachers in the field of residential building, this curriculum guide provides a competency-based preservice construction trades program. The guide is divided into thirteen units as follows: (1) pre-construction planning; (2) structural…

Nelms, Howard F.

103

Competency-Based Teacher Education: A Scenario.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fictitious scenario embodies all the characteristics and dimensions for a fully developed competency-based teacher education program envisioned by the authors. A single program and its implications for students, faculty, and the institution are presented. Specific areas of the program covered 1) a fundamental description of the competency…

Weber, Wilford A.; Cooper, James M.

104

Competence-Based Education for Adult Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses competency-based education and its implications for lifelong learners. Describes the program at Alverno College, the Metropolitan Area Nursing Education Consortium, and the Personalized Learning and Teaching Opportunity (PLATO) program, focusing on the favorable response of adults to the self-discipline required and evidence of an…

Hayenga, E. Sharon; Isaacson, Hope B.

1980-01-01

105

Competency-Based Horticulture: Gardening--Groundskeeping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program in gardening/groundskeeping. It contains a master resource list, a listing of gardening/groundskeeping resources available from various states, and 87 competency task sheets organized into 10…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

106

Indiana Distributive Education Competency Based Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Indiana distributive education competency-based curriculum model is designed to help teachers and local administrators plan and conduct a comprehensive marketing and distributive education program. It is divided into three levels--one level for each year of a three-year program. The competencies common to a variety of marketing and…

Davis, Rod; And Others

107

Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The paper summarizes a literature review on how competency models can improve HR performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized health-care and medical device company, where the model is being…

Gangani, Noordeen T.; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2004-01-01

108

Prevocational Exploration Guidance. Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum for prevocational exploration in West Virginia provides experiences at grades 9 and 10 related to exploring careers and educational programs for those careers. The guidance units are designed to assist the counselor in providing activities that relate to ongoing hands-on activities in prevocational business,…

Harrington, Fred; And Others

109

Machine Trades. A Competency Based Articulated Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a competency-based curriculum guide designed to promote articulation in machine trades vocational education programs between and among secondary and postsecondary institutions in the Indian Hills Community College and Merged Area XV high schools in Iowa. The guide is organized in 11 sections. The first six sections provide…

Mein, Jake; And Others

110

A CBT Approach to Inpatient Psychiatric Hospitalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a psychiatric hospitalization of 5 to 10 days, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) strategies can be used for the management of inpatients and to support the transition to outpatient treatment. This format was chosen after several years of frustration dealing with crisis inpatient care. The use of CBT is well known, and it seemed that an…

Masters, Kim J.

2005-01-01

111

A competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge using the Essential Bronchoscopist: An initial concept study  

PubMed Central

Background and objective Competency-based training and assessment are increasingly replacing the traditional structure- and process-based model of medical education. The web-based Essential Bronchoscopist (EB) is an open access, laddered, competency-based curriculum of question-answer sets pertaining to basic bronchoscopic knowledge, accessible in five languages. The purpose of this study was to use consensus to evaluate whether question-answer sets (items) from the EB could provide material from which to devise competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge that could be used in countries with different health-care environments. Methods Ten junior and five senior bronchoscopists in Argentina and the USA were asked to identify the material in each of the 186 items of the EB as either ‘not necessary’, ‘necessary’ or ‘absolutely necessary’ for inclusion in a competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge. The kappa statistic was used to analyse inter-rater agreement. Results More than 80% of the 30 participants rated 150 of 186 items as necessary or absolutely necessary. Seventy items were rated as absolutely necessary by more than 50% of participants and as necessary or absolutely necessary by more than 90%. There was no statistically significant difference between items selected, based on level of training or environment of practice. Conclusion Consensus among junior and senior bronchoscopists from two culturally different health-care environments demonstrated that question-answer sets from the EB can be used to provide material for competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge.

DAVOUDI, Mohsen; QUADRELLI, Silvia; OSANN, Kathryn; COLT, Henri G.

2014-01-01

112

Competency-Based Vocational Education: What It Means to Industry in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current crisis in education, coupled with the changing work force and changing business needs in the 1990s, poses a challenge for vocational education. Competency-based vocational education needs to evaluate its competencies to see if training graduates to meet them will serve the needs of the new work situation and keep the United States…

Wilson, Patricia A.

113

Transition. Project Prepare: Competency-Based Personnel Preparation in Early Childhood Education Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of nine competency-based training modules for personnel preparation in early childhood special education, this guide focuses on the facilitation of transition services for young children. All modules are adaptable for use with a general audience, direct service personnel, or administrators and are based on the following principles:…

Pisarchick, Sally E.; And Others

114

A Competency Based Special Education Undergraduate Internship at Western Carolina Center for the Mentally Retarded.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a competency based internship program at Western Carolina Center for the Mentally Retarded for undergraduate students in special education at Appalachian State University. Explained are the consumer based approach embodied in applied training programs, the goal of providing practical and reality-based applications of knowledge…

Caldwell, Erin Kent; Brooks, Benjamin L.

115

Competency-Based Education for Guidance and Counseling Personnel: A Catalog of Programs and Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This catalog, describing a number of competency-based programs for the education and training of guidance and counseling personnel, is organized into two sections: educational programs and summary lists of competencies. Five areas of classification according to types of client needs are presented for each section: (1) Using Systematic Planning and…

McBain, Susan L., Comp.; And Others

116

The California Competency Based Program for Credentialing School Administrators. The Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main thrust of California's Ryan Act (1970) has been to terminate credential qualifications by verification of credit received from an institution of higher education and move towards the competency based professional preparation program where institutions are first authorized to offer such programs and then assigned the responsibility to…

Lamb, Gene

117

Assessment to Transform Competency-based Curricula  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model.

Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A.

2009-01-01

118

Philosophical and Psychological Rationale for Competency-Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In reviewing the development of competency-based teacher education, emphasis was placed on philosophical and psychological rationales and on systems analysis. The philosophical rationale stresses the acquisition of knowledge in teacher education programs. Competency-based teacher education programs broaden this scope to include the application of…

Kaufman, Barry A.

119

Student Monitoring Procedures for Competency-Based Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A diverse set of techniques for monitoring student progress within competency-based programs of a public community college are discussed and evaluated. Approaches include placement testing, entry self-testing, computer-generated entry surveying and test generation, computer records management, student manuals, and competency-based transcripts.…

Feasley, Charles E.

1978-01-01

120

Must We Bother with Competency-Based Teacher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic issue of competency-based teacher education (CBTE) is presented. Characteristics of the groups (new occult and old ostrich) representing the two extreme positions are identified. The magnitude of the CBTE movement at the national, state, and institutional level is assessed. States possessing competency-based certification requirements…

Riechard, Donald E.

1976-01-01

121

Woodworking: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #30.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two purposes of this Child Development Associate (CDA) module are to teach CDA interns the value of woodworking activities in the preschool center and to provide them with information about the needed equipment, materials and supplies. Objectives are stipulated, intern activities for each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is…

Brannen, Nina

122

A Resource Guide; "National and Regional Developments in Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) and Competency Based Certification (CBC)."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide on competency based teacher education (CBTE) and competency based certification (CBC) states that the degree of explicitness required in CBTE programs and CBC programs and CBC systems is greater than in traditional programs. A CBTE program must specify (a) what the learner is to do, (b) the degree or level of competency…

Pitman, John C.

123

Cognitive Bias Modification versus CBT in Reducing Adolescent Social Anxiety: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Social anxiety is a common mental disorder among adolescents and is associated with detrimental long term outcomes. Therefore, this study investigated the efficacy of two possible early interventions for adolescent social anxiety and test anxiety. An internet-based cognitive bias modification (CBM; n?=?86) was compared to a school-based cognitive behavioral group training (CBT; n?=?84) and a control group (n?=?70) in reducing symptoms of social and test anxiety in high socially and/or test anxious adolescents aged 13–15 years. Participants (n?=?240) were randomized at school level over the three conditions. CBM consisted of a 20-session at home internet-delivered training; CBT was a 10-session at school group training with homework assignments; the control group received no training. Participants were assessed before and after the intervention and at 6 and 12 month follow-up. At 6 month follow-up CBT resulted in lower social anxiety than the control condition, while for CBM, this effect was only trend-significant. At 12 month follow-up this initial benefit was no longer present. Test anxiety decreased more in the CBT condition relative to the control condition in both short and long term. Interestingly, in the long term, participants in the CBM condition improved more with regard to automatic threat-related associations than both other conditions. The results indicate that the interventions resulted in a faster decline of social anxiety symptoms, whereas the eventual end point of social anxiety was not affected. Test anxiety was influenced in the long term by the CBT intervention, and CBM lead to increased positive automatic threat-related associations. Trial Registration TrialRegister.nl NTR965

de Jong, Peter J.; Nauta, Maaike H.

2013-01-01

124

Characteristics and Components of the TADS CBT Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we describe the acute phase of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) developed for and utilized in the Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS). The acute phase of TADS CBT consists of 8 skills that were considered essential to any CBT intervention for adolescent depression (e.g., mood monitoring, increasing pleasant…

Rohde, Paul; Feeny, Norah C.; Robins, Michele

2005-01-01

125

Competency-Based Learning Packages--A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nontraditional, external degree components of the IPCD (Institute for Personal Career Development) packages are competency based in anticipation of the fulfillment of personal and career objectives rather than for the fulfillment of traditional classroom objectives. (ABM)

Murray, Norman J. M.

1976-01-01

126

Reflective Writing in the Competency-Based Curriculum at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine  

PubMed Central

The Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University is a five-year medical school where the major emphasis is to train physician investigators. In this article we describe our experience with reflective writing in our competency-based medical school, which has reflective practice as one of the nine core competencies. We outline how we use reflective writing as a way to help students develop their reflective practice skills. Reflective writing opportunities, excerpts of student pieces, and faculty and student perspectives are included. We have experienced the value of reflective writing in medical school education and believe elements of our program can be adapted to other training environments.

Isaacson, J Harry; Salas, Renee; Koch, Carl; McKenzie, Margaret

2008-01-01

127

Tutor Clients. Module CG C-2 of Category C--Implementing. Competency-Based Career Guidance Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based guidance program training packages, focuses on specific professional and paraprofessional competencies of guidance personnel. Modules in Category C suggest how to conduct, accomplish, or carry out selected career guidance program activities. The purpose of this module is to help career guidance…

Williams, Freddie L.

128

Aid Professional Growth. Module CG D-2 of Category D--Operating. Competency-Based Career Guidance Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module, one in a series of competency-based guidance program training packages focusing upon professional and paraprofessional competencies of guidance personnel, deals with aiding professional growth. Addressed in the module are the following topics: assessing competencies; determining certification, licensure, and registration…

Ruff, Eldon E.

129

Acceptance of Competency-Based Workplace e-Learning Systems: Effects of Individual and Peer Learning Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current endeavors to integrate competency-based learning approaches with e-learning systems designed for delivery of training to adult learners in the workplace are growing. However, academic efforts in examining learners' perceptions of, and reactions toward, this technology-delivered pedagogical innovation are limited. Drawing together…

Cheng, Bo; Wang, Minhong; Yang, Stephen J. H.; Kinshuk; Peng, Jun

2011-01-01

130

Write Proposals. Module CG B-2 of Category B--Supporting. Competency-Based Career Guidance Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is intended to help guidance personnel in a variety of educational and agency settings plan and develop successful proposals to assist in financing the improvement of existing or future career guidance programs. The module is one of a series of competency-based guidance program training packages focusing upon specific professional and…

Gustafson, Richard A.

131

Competency-Based Teacher Education; Progress, Problems, and Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is an outgrowth of the 1971 conference on competency-based teacher education at the University of Houston. The authors deal with topics which concern the conference participants. The topics include a) change and challenge in teacher education, b) explicit objectives, c) curriculum design, d) evaluation of teaching behavior, e)…

Houston, W. Robert, Ed.; Howsam, Robert B., Ed.

132

Dental Aide: Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task analysis guide is intended to help teachers and administrators develop instructional materials and implement competency-based education in the dental aide program. Section 1 contains a validated task inventory for dental aide. For each task, applicable information pertaining to performance and enabling objectives, criterion-referenced…

Newport News Public Schools, VA.

133

Competency Based Modular Experiments in Polymer Science and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a competency-based, modular laboratory course emphasizing the synthesis and characterization of polymers and directed toward senior undergraduate and/or first-year graduate students in science and engineering. One module, free-radical polymerization kinetics by dilatometry, is included as a sample. (CS)

Pearce, Eli M; And Others

1980-01-01

134

Competency-Based Adult Education Research and Innovation Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains abstracts describing competency-based programs related to the Adult Performance Level (APL) project and adult education. The catalog is divided into two sections: state program implementation and local program implementation. The first section describes programs and research projects currently active in Alabama, California,…

Bureau of Occupational and Adult Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education.

135

An Instruction Support System for Competency-Based Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the Pennsylvania State University Instruction Support System (ISS) designed to meet the needs of large classes for competency-based teacher education (CBTE) programs. The ISS seven-step hierarchical developmental procedure is reported to free the instructor for specialized instruction and evaluation by utilizing a…

Singh, Jane M.; And Others

136

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Energy Efficient Building Construction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum for energy-efficient building construction is intended to educate students in the importance of conserving energy and to provide for developing skills needed in the application of energy-saving techniques that result in energy-efficient buildings. Each of the eight units is based on one to five competencies. For…

Cole, John; And Others

137

Electrical Installation and Maintenance: A Competency-Based Curriculum Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a competency-based community college curriculum for programs in electrical installation and maintenance. The initial curriculum development project involved identifying career opportunities, determining the skills (tasks) required for each job, and analyzing each task for necessary competencies and performance criteria. Project…

Ball, Peggy, Ed.; And Others

138

A Competency-Based Model for Developing Human Resource Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a framework for the design and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for graduate management education. The article also outlines how this model has been implemented at one university in the context of a graduate degree in human resource management. Among the significant challenges discussed are the identification of competencies required for professional success; the identification of the

Glenn M. McEvoy; James C. Hayton; Alan P. Warnick; Troy V. Mumford; Steven H. Hanks; Mary Jo Blahna

2005-01-01

139

Gardener and Landscape Worker. Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This secondary-level, competency-based curriculum contains modules for Gardener and Landscape Worker. A companion teacher's guide is available separately--see note. Each module contains a number of West Virginia-validated Gardener and Landscape Worker tasks/competencies with a performance guide listing the steps needed to perform each task,…

Long, Diana

140

Insects and Diseases. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on insects and diseases is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The five sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

141

Planting Turf. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on planting turf is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The eight sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

142

A Marriage Proposal: Competency Based Education and Experiential Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how the wedding of competency-based education (CBE), centered on basic skills, and experiential education, advocating that learning requires accompanying experience to be effective, offers creative approach to implementation of CBE. Examples from St. Paul Open School illustrate how minimum competency skills can be incorporated into an…

Reynolds, Sherrod

1981-01-01

143

Manufacturing Exploration. Practical Arts. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides curriculum materials for implementing a career exploration class in manufacturing occupations within a Practical Arts Education program for middle/junior high school students. Introductory materials include the program master sequence, a list of manufacturing occupations, an overview of the competency-based instructional…

Keeton, Martha; And Others

144

Competency-Based Admissions Standards in Washington: A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief overview of the purpose and process of establishing competency-based standards for college admissions in the state of Washington. The state's Higher Education Coordinating Board is required by law to establish minimum requirements for admission to Washington's public baccalaureate institutes. The current policy, adopted…

Sherman, Jane C.; Scrima, Douglas P.

145

A Competency Based Curriculum Guide: Ethanol Spark Ignition Engine Conversion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is a competency-based vocational curriculum designed to provide educators with viable ethanol (100 percent alcohol) engine conversion procedures stated in simple terms and set in a flexible educational environment. The curriculum is designed so that educators can form various combinations of instructional activities and resource…

Blair, Brittain A.

146

Implementing the Plan. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on implementing the landscape plan is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The seven sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

147

A Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some of the major issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The article summarizes a brief literature review on how competency models can be developed and implemented to improve employee performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized…

Gangani, Noordeen; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2006-01-01

148

Student Material for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student welding competency-based education curriculum consists of six units dealing with general areas related to trade occupations and nine units covering specific aspects of working with welding equipment and performing welding operations. Topics covered in the first six units are welding opportunities, human relations, safety, basic…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

149

A Competency-Based Teacher Education Program in Elementary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the elementary education program to be initiated at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. It is an individualized, modularized, personalized program consistent with the competency-based mode. Requirements for entrance into the program and the expected skills, knowledge, and attitudes required for program…

State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook.

150

Comprehensive Arts Education. Ohio's Model Competency-Based Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This model Ohio competency-based arts program connects the four arts (dance, drama/theater, music, visual art) to their educational, historical, personal, and social contexts in order to bring relevance and understanding to all students. The document is intended to provide guidance to local Ohio school districts in creating their own arts…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

151

Competency Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration Consumer and Homemaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based prevocational exploration curriculum is designed to provide occupational information and hands-on experiences pertaining to consumer and homemaking occupations to ninth- and tenth-grade students. The curriculum consists of 45 learning pacs, 43 of which cover one service occupation each. Information for each service occupation…

Reese, Clara; Chenoweth, Roberta

152

Prevocational Exploration Communications and Media. Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based communications and media-cluster curriculum is designed for use by teachers and students at the early high school level during the exploration of a variety of occupations. The purpose of the materials is to assist students in assessing whether or not they would like to prepare for these kinds of occupations. The curriculum…

Marshall Univ., Huntington, WV. Dept. of Occupational, Adult, and Safety Education.

153

CBT and Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comprehensive Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overall intention of this project was to enhance awareness, for those involved with persons on the autism spectrum, of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) strategies for treating persons with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The project involved a literature review on autism and the use of CBT strategies for people with autism spectrum disorders…

Kincade, Sharon R.; McBride, Dawn Lorraine

2009-01-01

154

Effectiveness of Modular CBT for Child Anxiety in Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most randomized controlled trials of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for children with anxiety disorders have evaluated treatment efficacy using recruited samples treated in research settings. Clinical trials in school settings are needed to determine if CBT can be effective when delivered in real world settings. This study evaluated a modular…

Chiu, Angela W.; Langer, David A.; McLeod, Bryce D.; Har, Kim; Drahota, Amy; Galla, Brian M.; Jacobs, Jeffrey; Ifekwunigwe, Muriel; Wood, Jeffrey J.

2013-01-01

155

Modifying CBT for Perinatal Depression: What Do Women Want?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evidence for the efficacy of CBT for depression during the perinatal period is mixed. This was a qualitative study that aimed to understand the perinatal-specific needs of depressed women in an effort to inform treatment modifications that may increase the relevance and acceptability of CBT during this period. Stratified purposeful sampling…

O'Mahen, Heather; Fedock, Gina; Henshaw, Erin; Himle, Joseph A.; Forman, Jane; Flynn, Heather A.

2012-01-01

156

Trauma-focused CBT for youth with complex trauma  

PubMed Central

Objectives Many youth develop complex trauma, which includes regulation problems in the domains of affect, attachment, behavior, biology, cognition, and perception. Therapists often request strategies for using evidence-based treatments (EBTs) for this population. This article describes practical strategies for applying Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) for youth with complex trauma. Methods TF-CBT treatment phases are described and modifications of timing, proportionality and application are described for youth with complex trauma. Practical applications include a) dedicating proportionally more of the model to the TF-CBT coping skills phase; b) implementing the TF-CBT Safety component early and often as needed throughout treatment; c) titrating gradual exposure more slowly as needed by individual youth; d) incorporating unifying trauma themes throughout treatment; and e) when indicated, extending the TF-CBT treatment consolidation and closure phase to include traumatic grief components and to generalize ongoing safety and trust. Results Recent data from youth with complex trauma support the use of the above TF-CBT strategies to successfully treat these youth. Conclusions The above practical strategies can be incorporated into TF-CBT to effectively treat youth with complex trauma. Practice implications Practical strategies include providing a longer coping skills phase which incorporates safety and appropriate gradual exposure; including relevant unifying themes; and allowing for an adequate treatment closure phase to enhance ongoing trust and safety. Through these strategies therapists can successfully apply TF-CBT for youth with complex trauma.

Mannarino, Anthony P.; Kliethermes, Matthew; Murray, Laura A.

2013-01-01

157

Improving the Transportability of CBT for Internalizing Disorders in Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research provides strong support for the efficacy and effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment of childhood internalizing disorders. Given evidence for limited dissemination and implementation of CBT outside of academic settings, efforts are underway to improve its transportability so that more children with mental…

Elkins, R. Meredith; McHugh, R. Kathryn; Santucci, Lauren C.; Barlow, David H.

2011-01-01

158

Culturally adapted CBT (CA-CBT) for Latino women with treatment-resistant PTSD: a pilot study comparing CA-CBT to applied muscle relaxation.  

PubMed

We examined the therapeutic efficacy of a culturally adapted form of CBT (CA-CBT) for PTSD as compared to applied muscle relaxation (AMR) for female Latino patients with treatment-resistant PTSD. Participants were randomized to receive either CA-CBT (n = 12) or AMR (n = 12), and were assessed before treatment, after treatment, and at a 12-week follow-up. The treatments were manualized and delivered in the form of group therapy across 14 weekly sessions. Assessments included a measure of PTSD, anxiety, culturally relevant idioms of distress (nervios and ataque de nervios), and emotion regulation ability. Patients receiving CA-CBT improved significantly more than in the AMR condition. Effect size estimates showed very large reductions in PTSD symptoms from pretreatment to posttreatment in the CA-CBT group (Cohen's d = 2.6) but only modest improvements in the AMR group (0.8). These results suggest that CA-CBT can be beneficial for previously treatment-resistant PTSD in Latino women. PMID:21333272

Hinton, Devon E; Hofmann, Stefan G; Rivera, Edwin; Otto, Michael W; Pollack, Mark H

2011-04-01

159

Effectiveness of modular CBT for child anxiety in elementary schools.  

PubMed

Most randomized controlled trials of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for children with anxiety disorders have evaluated treatment efficacy using recruited samples treated in research settings. Clinical trials in school settings are needed to determine if CBT can be effective when delivered in real world settings. This study evaluated a modular CBT program for childhood anxiety disorders in two elementary schools. Forty children (5-12 years old) with anxiety disorders, referred by teachers and school staff, were randomly assigned to modular CBT or a 3-month waitlist. Clinicians worked with individual families as well as teachers and school staff. Evaluators blind to treatment condition conducted structured diagnostic interviews and caregivers and children completed symptom checklists at pre- and posttreatment. The primary study outcome, the Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement scale, yielded a positive treatment response at posttreatment for 95.0% of CBT participants, as compared with only 16.7% of the waitlist participants. CBT also outperformed the waitlist on diagnostic outcomes and caregiver-report measures of anxiety. Treatment effects did not extend beyond anxiety diagnoses and symptoms. Results suggest that modular CBT delivered within the elementary school setting may be effective for the treatment of child anxiety disorders. A replication of the study results with a larger sample is indicated. PMID:23750860

Chiu, Angela W; Langer, David A; McLeod, Bryce D; Har, Kim; Drahota, Amy; Galla, Brian M; Jacobs, Jeffrey; Ifekwunigwe, Muriel; Wood, Jeffrey J

2013-06-01

160

The Writing on the Wall. A Model Integrated Adult Competency-Based Education Program Using State-of-the-Art Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional module is intended to train adult educators in integrating competency-based education (CBE) and state-of-the-art instructional technology in their adult basic education (ABE) classrooms. It is divided into seven instructional units. The following topics are covered in the individual units: the tenets of CBE and its role in ABE,…

Traylor, Judy G.; Ballard, Glenda

161

Characterization of Air Force Training and Computer-Based Training Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper documents the approach used in the development of guidelines designed to aid novice training managers in the computer-based training (CBT) system planning, selection and implementation process. Phase I developed a list of critical factors that ...

P. J. Yee S. A. Young W. J. Walsh

1991-01-01

162

Improving the Transportability of CBT for Internalizing Disorders in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research provides strong support for the efficacy and effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment\\u000a of childhood internalizing disorders. Given evidence for limited dissemination and implementation of CBT outside of academic\\u000a settings, efforts are underway to improve its transportability so that more children with mental health needs may benefit\\u000a from treatment. Creative modifications to existing treatments aim to

R. Meredith Elkins; R. Kathryn McHugh; Lauren C. Santucci; David H. Barlow

2011-01-01

163

Assessing students' performances in a competency-based curriculum.  

PubMed

Brown Medical School embarked on planning a competency-based curriculum in 1989. The curriculum was fully implemented in 1996, effective for the MD class of 2000. To graduate, a student must (1) demonstrate mastery of the medical knowledge base, (2) achieve beginning and intermediate levels of proficiency in nine key abilities, and (3) attain an advanced level in the ability called "problem solving" and three other abilities that the student chooses based on his or her interests. The nine abilities are effective communication; basic clinical skills; using basic science in the practice of medicine; diagnosis, management, and prevention; lifelong learning; self-awareness, self-care, and personal growth; the social and community contexts of health care; moral reasoning and clinical ethics; and problem solving. As a major educational innovation, the new competency-based curriculum has been successfully woven into the fabric of the medical school learning environment. In this article, the authors describe how faculty go about assessing students' performances relative to the nine abilities. PMID:12525418

Smith, Stephen R; Dollase, Richard H; Boss, Judith A

2003-01-01

164

Programmatic assessment of competency-based workplace learning: when theory meets practice  

PubMed Central

Background In competency-based medical education emphasis has shifted towards outcomes, capabilities, and learner-centeredness. Together with a focus on sustained evidence of professional competence this calls for new methods of teaching and assessment. Recently, medical educators advocated the use of a holistic, programmatic approach towards assessment. Besides maximum facilitation of learning it should improve the validity and reliability of measurements and documentation of competence development. We explored how, in a competency-based curriculum, current theories on programmatic assessment interacted with educational practice. Methods In a development study including evaluation, we investigated the implementation of a theory-based programme of assessment. Between April 2011 and May 2012 quantitative evaluation data were collected and used to guide group interviews that explored the experiences of students and clinical supervisors with the assessment programme. We coded the transcripts and emerging topics were organised into a list of lessons learned. Results The programme mainly focuses on the integration of learning and assessment by motivating and supporting students to seek and accumulate feedback. The assessment instruments were aligned to cover predefined competencies to enable aggregation of information in a structured and meaningful way. Assessments that were designed as formative learning experiences were increasingly perceived as summative by students. Peer feedback was experienced as a valuable method for formative feedback. Social interaction and external guidance seemed to be of crucial importance to scaffold self-directed learning. Aggregating data from individual assessments into a holistic portfolio judgement required expertise and extensive training and supervision of judges. Conclusions A programme of assessment with low-stakes assessments providing simultaneously formative feedback and input for summative decisions proved not easy to implement. Careful preparation and guidance of the implementation process was crucial. Assessment for learning requires meaningful feedback with each assessment. Special attention should be paid to the quality of feedback at individual assessment moments. Comprehensive attention for faculty development and training for students is essential for the successful implementation of an assessment programme.

2013-01-01

165

Computer-Based Training: Capitalizing on Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-based training (CBT) is a methodology for providing systematic, structured learning; a useful tool when properly designed. CBT has seen a resurgence given the serious games movement, which is at the forefront of integrating primarily entertainment computer-based games into education and training. This effort represents a multidisciplinary…

Bedwell, Wendy L.; Salas, Eduardo

2010-01-01

166

AI in Computer-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, intelligent approaches to CBT are put into several perspectives in an attempt to elucidate the concepts and give them a more realistic (and not only glamorous) footing. The role of expert systems in training is explored and possible routes towards intelligent CBT are outlined. [This paper was first published in "Interactive Learning…

Camstra, Bert

2008-01-01

167

Online self-administered training for post-traumatic stress disorder treatment providers: design and methods for a randomized, prospective intervention study  

PubMed Central

This paper presents the rationale and methods for a randomized controlled evaluation of web-based training in motivational interviewing, goal setting, and behavioral task assignment. Web-based training may be a practical and cost-effective way to address the need for large-scale mental health training in evidence-based practice; however, there is a dearth of well-controlled outcome studies of these approaches. For the current trial, 168 mental health providers treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were assigned to web-based training plus supervision, web-based training, or training-as-usual (control). A novel standardized patient (SP) assessment was developed and implemented for objective measurement of changes in clinical skills, while on-line self-report measures were used for assessing changes in knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and practice related to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques. Eligible participants were all actively involved in mental health treatment of veterans with PTSD. Study methodology illustrates ways of developing training content, recruiting participants, and assessing knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and competency-based outcomes, and demonstrates the feasibility of conducting prospective studies of training efficacy or effectiveness in large healthcare systems.

2012-01-01

168

Computer-based Approaches for Training Interactive Digital Map Displays.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Five variations of computer-based training (CBT) for learning to use functions underlying a digital map interface were compared using 85 Infantry One-Station-Unit Training (OSUT) Soldiers and 67 Infantry Officer Basic Course (IOBC) Soldiers. The variation...

J. L. Dyer H. Singh T. L. Clark

2005-01-01

169

Training Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a training management system developed by the Center for Development of Social Services. It is a set of practical, systematic procedures designed to manage and evaluate training programs. It is a complete model that meets the necessary criteria for competency-based training system. The system integrates the complex procedures…

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

170

Training for Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a framework for competency-based training focused on the importance of training the person responsible for implementing staff development programs. Suggests Kolb's experiential learning model as a vehicle for instilling competencies that overcome difficulties with many traditional, single modality approaches to training. (JOW)

Sims, Ronald R.; And Others

1989-01-01

171

Trauma-Focused CBT for Youth who Experience Ongoing Traumas  

PubMed Central

Many youth experience ongoing trauma exposure, such as domestic or community violence. Clinicians often ask whether evidence-based treatments containing exposure components to reduce learned fear responses to historical trauma are appropriate for these youth. Essentially the question is, if youth are desensitized to their trauma experiences, will this in some way impair their responding to current or ongoing trauma? The paper addresses practical strategies for implementing one evidence-based treatment, Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) for youth with ongoing traumas. Collaboration with local therapists and families participating in TF-CBT community and international programs elucidated effective strategies for applying TF-CBT with these youth. These strategies included: 1) enhancing safety early in treatment; 2) effectively engaging parents who experience personal ongoing trauma; and 3) during the trauma narrative and processing component focusing on a) increasing parental awareness and acceptance of the extent of the youths’ ongoing trauma experiences; b) addressing youths’ maladaptive cognitions about ongoing traumas; and c) helping youth differentiate between real danger and generalized trauma reminders. Case examples illustrate how to use these strategies in diverse clinical situations. Through these strategies TF-CBT clinicians can effectively improve outcomes for youth experiencing ongoing traumas.

Cohen, Judith A.; Mannarino, Anthony P.; Murray, Laura A.

2011-01-01

172

The Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on Depression: The Role of Problem-Solving Appraisal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Many studies have confirmed the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as a treatment for depression. However, the mechanism of CBT for depression reduction is still not well understood. This study explored the mechanism of CBT from the perspective of individuals' problem-solving appraisal. Method: A one-group pretest-posttest…

Chen, Szu-Yu; Jordan, Catheleen; Thompson, Sanna

2006-01-01

173

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. After the introduction, which provides a rationale for competency-based instruction in the prevocational curriculum, the following sections are included in the guide: development and validation of…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

174

A CBC Primer. Report of a Conference: Competency-Based Curricula in General Undergraduate Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet represents a summary of a regional conference and is designed to serve as an introductory discussion of the use of the competency based education concept in general undergraduate programs. Emphasis is placed on essential conditions of competency, current factors affecting higher education, the scope and variety in competency-based

O'Connell, William R., Jr.; Moomaw, W. Edmund

175

Competency-Based Certification: What Are the Key Issues? NEPTE Working Paper #6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a brief overview of competency-based teacher education (CBTE) and competency-based certification (CBC). The notion of requiring teachers to demonstrate certain skills is examined in the light of questions on its long-range validity and utility. The author cautions against overreliance on CBTE and CBC due to a number of these…

Pitman, John C.

176

Researching the Competence-Based Curriculum: Preface to a Case Study of Four Urban Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory article accompanies three further articles forming a case study research project undertaken to describe the experience of four urban secondary schools implementing a competence-based curriculum for students in their first year of secondary education. The nature of such competence-based curricula is discussed in the context of…

Downey, Christopher; Byrne, Jenny; Souza, Ana

2013-01-01

177

Iowa Department of Education Guidelines for PK-12 Competency-Based Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidelines for developing competency-based pathways in Iowa districts and schools and outlines waiver requirements and procedures. Competency-based pathways provide ways to validate learning of standards that occurs outside the structure of the traditional school and offer flexibility for schools to engage students in…

Iowa Department of Education, 2013

2013-01-01

178

Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

2010-01-01

179

A Report on the Region V Conference on Competency Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference report on competency based teacher education in Region 5 contains the full texts of 12 addresses by key conference participants: Personnel Development in Occupational Education in Illinois, Sherwood Dees; One State's (Illinois') Approach to Competency Based Teacher Education, William Reynolds; Planning for Personnel Development…

Applegate, William K.; Weaver, Marita A.

180

Competency-Based Vocational Education: Analysis of an Educational Bandwagon and Implications for Hawaii's Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for administrators and faculty considering the implementation of competency-based vocational education (CBVE), this report addresses the theory and practice of CBVE, the pros and cons of a competency-based approach to instructional organization and delivery, and concerns about CBVE's appropriateness in Hawaii. After…

Polk, Barbara B.

181

Training School Mental Health Providers to Deliver Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  

PubMed Central

Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent mental health difficulties experienced by youth. A well-established literature has identified cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) as the gold-standard psychosocial treatment for youth anxiety disorders. Access to CBT in community clinics is limited, but a potential venue for the provision of CBT for child anxiety disorders is the school setting. The present study examined a subset of data from a larger study in which therapists from a variety of settings, including schools, were trained in CBT for child anxiety (N = 17). The study investigated the relationship between provider- and organizational-level variables associated with training and implementation among school mental health providers. The present findings indicate a positive relationship between provider attitudes and adherence to CBT. Self-reported barriers to implementation were also identified. Integrating CBT into school mental health providers’ repertoires through training and consultation is a critical step for dissemination and implementation of empirically supported psychosocial treatments.

Mychailyszyn, Matthew P.; Edmunds, Julie M.; Khanna, Muniya S.; Downey, Margaret Mary; Kendall, Philip C.

2012-01-01

182

Exploratory nondestructive evaluation (NDE) research for advanced materials and processes: Volume 3 -- Interactive multimedia computer based training (IMCBT) for nondestructive evaluation\\/inspection (NDE\\/I) personnel. Final report, 1 July 1995--30 April 1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interactive Multimedia Computer Based Training (IMCBT) for Nondestructive Inspection (NDE\\/I) Personnel: Computer Based Training (CBT) is a highly effective method for industrial training that has been growing in popularity. Text, graphics, sound, movies and animation enhance the learning activity. Interactive Multimedia CBT (IMCBT) allows students to learn in an environment where the training material is presented on a computer workstation

Bossi; B. Knutson; R. Nerenberg; L. Deobald; J. Nelson

1998-01-01

183

Comparative Effectiveness of CBT Interventions for Co-Morbid Chronic Pain & Insomnia: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Chronic pain is difficult to treat and often precedes or exacerbates sleep disturbances such as insomnia. Insomnia, in turn, can amplify the pain experience. Both conditions are associated with inflammatory processes, which may be involved in the bidirectional relationship between pain and sleep. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for pain and CBT for insomnia are evidence based interventions for, respectively, chronic pain and insomnia. The study objectives were to determine the feasibility of combining CBT for pain and for insomnia and to assess the effects of the combined intervention and the stand alone interventions on pain, sleep, and mood outcomes compared to a control condition. Methods Twenty-one adults with co-occurring chronic pain and chronic insomnia were randomized to either CBT for pain, CBT for insomnia, combined CBT for pain and insomnia, or a wait-list control condition. Results The combined CBT intervention was feasible to deliver and produced significant improvements in sleep, disability from pain, depression and fatigue compared to the control condition. Overall, the combined intervention appeared to have a strong advantage over CBT for pain on most outcomes, modest advantage over both CBT for insomnia in reducing insomnia severity in chronic pain patients. Discussion CBT for pain and CBT for insomnia may be combined with good results for patients with co-occurring chronic pain and insomnia.

Pigeon, Wilfred R.; Moynihan, Jan; Matteson-Rusby, Sara; Jungquist, Carla R.; Xia, Yinglin; Tu, Xin; Perlis, Michael L.

2012-01-01

184

Feasibility of guided cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) self-help for childhood anxiety disorders in primary care  

PubMed Central

Anxiety disorders in childhood are common, disabling and run a chronic course. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is effective but expensive and trained therapists are scarce. Guided self?help treatments may be a means of widening access to treatment. This study aimed to examine the feasibility of guided CBT self?help in primary care for childhood anxiety disorders, specifically in terms of therapist adherence, patient and therapist satisfaction and clinical gain. Participants were children aged between five and 12 years referred to two primary child and adolescent mental health services (PCAMHSs) in Oxfordshire, UK, who met diagnostic criteria for a primary anxiety disorder. Of the 52 eligible children, 41 anxious children were assessed for anxiety severity and interference before and after receiving CBT self?help delivered via a parent (total therapy time = five hours) by primary mental health workers (PMHWs). Therapy sessions were rated for treatment adherence and parents and PMHWs completed satisfaction questionnaires after treatment completion. Over 80% of therapy sessions were rated at a high level of treatment adherence. Parents and PMHWs reported high satisfaction with the treatment. Sixty?one percent of the children assessed no longer met the criteria for their primary anxiety disorder diagnosis following treatment, and 76% were rated as ‘much’/‘very much’ improved on the Clinical Global Impression–Improvement (CGI–I) scale. There were significant reductions on parent and child report measures of anxiety symptoms, interference and depression. Preliminary exploration indicated that parental anxiety was associated with child treatment outcome. The findings suggest that guided CBT self?help represents a promising treatment for childhood anxiety in primary care.

2010-01-01

185

Feasibility of guided cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) self-help for childhood anxiety disorders in primary care.  

PubMed

Anxiety disorders in childhood are common, disabling and run a chronic course. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is effective but expensive and trained therapists are scarce. Guided self-help treatments may be a means of widening access to treatment. This study aimed to examine the feasibility of guided CBT self-help in primary care for childhood anxiety disorders, specifically in terms of therapist adherence, patient and therapist satisfaction and clinical gain.Participants were children aged between five and 12 years referred to two primary child and adolescent mental health services (PCAMHSs) in Oxfordshire, UK, who met diagnostic criteria for a primary anxiety disorder. Of the 52 eligible children, 41 anxious children were assessed for anxiety severity and interference before and after receiving CBT self-help delivered via a parent (total therapy time = five hours) by primary mental health workers (PMHWs). Therapy sessions were rated for treatment adherence and parents and PMHWs completed satisfaction questionnaires after treatment completion. Over 80% of therapy sessions were rated at a high level of treatment adherence. Parents and PMHWs reported high satisfaction with the treatment. Sixty-one percent of the children assessed no longer met the criteria for their primary anxiety disorder diagnosis following treatment, and 76% were rated as 'much'/'very much' improved on the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I) scale. There were significant reductions on parent and child report measures of anxiety symptoms, interference and depression. Preliminary exploration indicated that parental anxiety was associated with child treatment outcome. The findings suggest that guided CBT self-help represents a promising treatment for childhood anxiety in primary care. PMID:22477922

Creswell, Cathy; Hentges, Francoise; Parkinson, Monika; Sheffield, Paul; Willetts, Lucy; Cooper, Peter

2010-03-01

186

Competency-Based Performance Improvement: A Strategy for Organizational Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which focuses on actual practitioners' experiences, outlines a systematic approach to improving individual workers' performance as part of an overall strategy for organizational change. Frameworks are provided for conceptualizing and implementing exemplary training practices. In addition, steps in achieving the practices and pitfalls to…

Dubois, David D.

187

ADAPT[IT]: Tools for Training Design and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a set of computerized tools that support the instructional design and evaluation of competency-based training programs. Discusses authentic whole-task practice situations; the 4C/ID* methodology; an evaluation tool that supports the subsequent revision of the competency-based training design; and future plans. (Author/LRW)

de Croock, Marcel B. M.; Paas, Fred; Schlanbusch, Henrik; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2002-01-01

188

Testing the MBT/CBT continental paleothermometer (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recently developed MBT/CBT (methylation of branched tetraethers/cyclisation of branched tetraethers) proxy is based on the relative abundance of branched glycerol dialkyl tetraether (GDGT) lipids, derived from bacteria that occur ubiquitously in soils and peats. The degree of cyclisation and methylation, expressed in the CBT and MBT indices, show an empirical relation with soil pH, and with both mean annual air temperature and soil pH, respectively. Hence, continental paleotemperatures can be reconstructed based on the combination of these two indices [1]. Straight forward validation of the MBT/CBT proxy by cultivation experiments is not possible, since the exact group of bacteria that produces the branched GDGTs is still unknown. Therefore, we tested the influence of soil pH and temperature on the distribution of branched GDGTs in natural and manipulated environments. Indeed, branched GDGT distributions in geothermally heated soils and along altitude transects vary systematically with temperature. Likewise, branched GDGT distributions in a long term pH-manipulated field experiment track the changes in soil pH. Absolute concentrations of branched GDGTs in the pH-manipulated fields are highest at low pH, and suggest that the branched GDGT-producers may be found in the phylum of Acidobacteria. A large variety of cultures are currently screened for these compounds. Reference: [1] Weijers et al., 2007, GCA 71, 703-713.

Peterse, F.; Schouten, S.; Sinninghe Damste, J. S.

2010-12-01

189

Defining and Assessing Competencies for Competency-Based, Outcome-Focused Management Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that competency-based management development programs should shift emphasis from theories and skills to decisions managers must make. Presents a model for defining types of management decisions regarding nontechnical issues. (Contains 16 references.) (SK)

Rausch, Erwin; Sherman, Herbert; Washbush, John B.

2002-01-01

190

Mathematics Improvement Component: Elementary Computer Assisted Instruction Program, Elementary Competency Based Education Program, and Middle School Competency Based Education Program. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mathematics Improvement Component (MIC) was first implemented in the Columbus (Ohio) Public Schools in 1987-88 to assist elementary and middle school pupils who were low achievers in mathematics. Three programs comprised the 1989-90 MIC: the Elementary Computer Assisted Instruction (Elem-CAI) Program, the Elementary Competency Based Education…

Gibbons, Michael

191

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Combination Welding. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on combination welding. This program is designed to run 28 weeks and cover 11 instructional areas: operation of oxyacetylene equipment, oxyacetylene track torch, related equipment, Beverly shears for strip steel, portable welding equipment,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

192

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Machine Trades. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on machine trades. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 6 instructional areas: use of measuring tools; benchwork/tool bit grinding; lathe work; milling work; precision grinding; and combination machine work. A duty-task index…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

193

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Clerical Clusters. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on clerical occupations. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 10 instructional areas: beginning typing, typing I, typing II, duplicating, receptionist activities, general office procedures, operation of electronic calculator,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

194

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Food Service. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on food service. This program is designed to run 24 weeks and cover 15 instructional areas: orientation, sanitation, management/planning, preparing food for cooking, preparing beverages, cooking eggs, cooking meat, cooking vegetables,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

195

Web-Based Therapist Training on Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety Disorders: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

The need for clinicians to use evidence-based practices (such as cognitive behavior therapy [CBT]) is now well recognized. However, a gap exists between the need for empirically based treatments and their availability. This is due, in part, to a shortage of clinicians formally trained on CBT. To address this problem, we developed a Web-based therapist CBT training program, to increase accessibility to this training. The program uses a two-step approach: an interactive multimedia online tutorial for didactic training on CBT concepts, followed by live remote observation through a videoconference of trainees conducting CBT, with immediate feedback in real time during critical moments to enhance learning through iterative guidance and practice. Thirty-nine clinicians from around the county completed the online didactic training and 22 completed the live remote training. Results found a significant increase in knowledge of CBT concepts and a significant increase in clinical skills, as judged by a blind rater. User satisfaction was high for both the online tutorial and the videoconference training. Utilization of CBT by trainees increased after training. Results support the acceptability and effectiveness of this Web-based approach to training.

Kobak, Kenneth A.; Craske, Michelle G.; Rose, Raphael D.; Wolitsky-Taylor, Kate

2013-01-01

196

"Cost effectiveness of computer-assisted training in cognitive-behavioral therapy as an adjunct to standard care for addiction"  

PubMed Central

Aim To determine the cost effectiveness, from clinic and patient perspectives, of a computer-based version of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT4CBT) as an addition to regular clinical practice for substance dependence. Participants, Design and Measurements This cost-effectiveness study is based on a randomized clinical trial in which 77 individuals seeking treatment for substance dependence at an outpatient community setting were randomly assigned to treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU plus biweekly access to computer-based training in CBT (TAU plus CBT4CBT). The primary patient outcome measure was the total number of drug-free specimens provided during treatment. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) and cost-effectiveness acceptability curves (CEACs) were used to determine the cost-effectiveness of TAU plus CBT4CBT relative to TAU alone. Results are presented from both the clinic and patient perspectives and are shown to be robust to (i) sensitivity analyses and (ii) a secondary objective patient outcome measure. Findings The per patient cost of adding CBT4CBT to standard care was $39 ($27) from the clinic (patient) perspective. From the clinic (patient) perspective, TAU plus CBT4CBT is likely to be cost-effective when the threshold value to decision makers of an additional drug-free specimen is greater than approximately $21 ($15), and TAU alone is likely to be cost-effective when the threshold value is less than approximately $21 ($15). The ICERs for TAU plus CBT4CBT also compare favorably to ICERs reported elsewhere for other empirically-validated therapies, including contingency management. Conclusions TAU plus CBT4CBT appears to be a good value from both the clinic and patient perspectives.

Olmstead, Todd A.; Ostrow, Cary D.; Carroll, Kathleen M.

2010-01-01

197

Factors Affecting Motivation to Transfer Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of trainees (n=88) in a competency-based occupational safety and health training program found that environmental factors (opportunities to use skills, peer/supervisor support, and supervisor sanctions) were most influential on motivation to transfer training. Training attitudes may be affected by prior experiences when the use of training

Seyler, Dian L.; Holton, Elwood F., III; Bates, Reid A.; Burnett, Michael F.; Carvalho, Manuel A.

1998-01-01

198

We Don't Train in Vain: A Dissemination Trial of Three Strategies of Training Clinicians in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been little research on the effectiveness of different training strategies or the impact of exposure to treatment manuals alone on clinicians' ability to effectively implement empirically supported therapies. Seventy-eight community-based clinicians were assigned to 1 of 3 training conditions: review of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) manual only, review of the manual plus access to a CBT training Web

Diane E. Sholomskas; Gia Syracuse-Siewert; Bruce J. Rounsaville; Samuel A. Ball; Kathryn F. Nuro; Kathleen M. Carroll

2005-01-01

199

training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights new nutritional concerns or practices that may influence the adaptation to training. The discussion is based on the assumption that the adaptation to repeated bouts of training occurs during recovery periods and that if one can train harder, the adaptation will be greater. The goal is to maximize with nutrition the recovery\\/adaptation that occurs in all rest

LAWRENCE L. SPRIET; MARTIN J. GIBALA

200

Guidance Principles for Encouraging Self-Discipline: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) module focuses on child guidance strategies that promote children's self control and positive social behavior. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A study guide emphasizes (1) teacher qualities which lead to close, warm,…

Emmons, Barbara

201

Techniques for Observing Children: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is designed to acquaint Child Development Associate (CDA) interns with several techniques used in making observations of children. It is expected that the intern will use the practice exercises in the module not as an end in themselves, but as a springboard for developing regular habits of skillful observation. Objectives are…

Graves, Patricia

202

The Early Childhood Program and the Community: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is designed to help the Child Development Associate (CDA) intern view early childhood programs in relationship to the community as a whole. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A study guide emphasized (1) the importance of community understanding and…

Foster, Cheryl

203

Planned Arrangements and Schedules: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module for Child Development Associate (CDA) trainees offers guidelines for structuring preschool center programs through the use of lesson planning and center scheduling. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A study guide emphasizes that (1) characteristics…

Migliaro, Ann

204

Can the difficulty level reached in computer-based training predict results in x-ray image interpretation tests?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As scientific studies have shown, the performance of airport security screening officers in x-ray image interpretation depends critically on individual abilities and visual knowledge acquired through class-room, computer-based (CBT) and on-the job training. The effectiveness of adaptive CBT in increasing the efficiency in x-ray image interpretation of screening officers could be verified in several studies. Individually adaptive CBT systems, like

Stefan Michel; Marcia Mendes; Adrian Schwaninger

2010-01-01

205

The role of executive functioning in CBT: a pilot study with anxious older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for late life anxiety and depression. The successful use of CBT is assumed to rely on cognitive skills known as executive functions (EF; e.g., hypothesis generation, allocation of attention, self-monitoring) governed by the prefrontal cortex. Because older adults sometimes have executive deficits as a consequence of normal aging, EF may be a

Jan Mohlman; Jack M. Gorman

2005-01-01

206

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Suicide Prevention (CBT-SP): Treatment Model, Feasibility, and Acceptability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the elements of a manual-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for suicide prevention (CBT-SP) and to report its feasibility in preventing the recurrence of suicidal behavior in adolescents who have recently attempted suicide. Method: The CBT-SP was developed using a risk reduction and relapse prevention approach and…

Stanley, Barbara; Brown, Gregory; Brent, David A.; Wells, Karen; Poling, Kim; Curry, John; Kennard, Betsy D.; Wagner, Ann; Cwik, Mary F.; Klomek, Anat Brunstein; Goldstein, Tina; Vitiello, Benedetto; Barnett, Shannon; Daniel, Stephanie; Hughes, Jennifer

2009-01-01

207

Conflict-Oriented Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CO-CBT): An Integrative Approach to the Treatment of Bulimia Nervosa Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes an integrative approach to the treatment of Bulimia Nervosa that combines Cognitive Behavioral Treatment\\u000a (CBT) with short-term dynamic treatment, called conflict-oriented cognitive behavioral treatment (CO-CBT). The need to develop\\u000a an integrative model emerges from the lack of focus on the underlying emotional dynamics in the traditional CBT approach.\\u000a This article provides a brief literature review of CBT

Yael Latzer; Tamar Peretz; Sarit Kreutzer

2008-01-01

208

Agricultural Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of agricultural education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that explain how…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

209

Activities Coordinator. A Competency-Based Curriculum Designed To Prepare Students for Entry-Level Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum was developed to assist instructors in planning and implementing a comprehensive, competency-based activities program to teach students skills for entry-level jobs as activities coordinators in nursing homes or extended-care facilities for older persons. The guide contains instructional units for each task listed on the job…

Vocational Curriculum Resource Center of Maine, Fairfield.

210

PaCBTE Handbook; A Resource for Developing Competency Based Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook reports on some experiences with competency-based teacher education (CBTE) and is designed to serve as an instrument for self-examination and change. Chapter 1 presents 22 generic teaching competencies, which are a result of a reexamination of the 1973 Interim Inventory of 66 Generic Teaching Competencies (Generic 66). Chapter 2…

Craig, Sam B., Jr., Ed.

211

Development of Student Knowledge in Competence-Based Pre-Vocational Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the development of student knowledge in pre-vocational secondary education schools which differ in the manner and extent to which they have implemented characteristics of competence-based education. The implementation of these characteristics was examined using a teacher questionnaire and the…

Koopman, Maaike; Teune, Peter; Beijaard, Douwe

2011-01-01

212

Identification and Development of Competency-Based Curriculum for Water and Wastewater Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken at Kirkwood Community College to develop a full-time and part-time competency based program to educate water and wastewater treatment plant operators. First, a survey was conducted to identify the job tasks performed by the operators, their frequency, importance, and necessity. A questionnaire listing 651 tasks divided…

Kirkwood Community Coll., Cedar Rapids, IA.

213

Continuing Medical Education Reform for Competency-Based Education and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of competency-based education and evaluation for residents and practicing physicians by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), respectively, includes the competency of practice-based learning and improvement. Efforts to implement this and the other competencies…

Nahrwold, David L.

2005-01-01

214

Building Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; a preface; a…

Gudzak, Raymond

215

Engaging speech pathology students in design and validation of competency based assessment in the workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

COMPASS™: Competency based assessment in speech pathology is an assessment tool designed and developed through a process that included student engagement. This paper will describe why student engagement was initiated, how it was facilitated during project design and validation, and the outcomes of this process. Student opinion regarding the assessment design and process will be described and compared to feedback

Sue McAllister; Michelle Lincoln; Alison Ferguson; Lindy McAllister

216

Competency-Based Occupational Standards: Influences on Australian Speech Pathology Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Speech Pathology Australia developed competency-based occupational standards in response to a national government initiative across all professions and these standards have formed the basis for the accreditation process of speech pathology education programmes in Australia since 1994. This paper presents a critical appraisal of the contribution of a competency framework to curricular design, focussing on both content coverage and teaching

Alison Ferguson

2006-01-01

217

Interior Design. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Guarini, Michael

218

The Development of a Competency Based Teacher Education Curriculum Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study had three objectives: (1) design a competency based teacher education curriculum model for vocational-technical education (agriculture, home economics, and vocational-industrial); (2) validate the competencies by field testing them with regular vocational teachers, vocational directors, and state personnel; and (3) field test the…

Wircenski, Jerry L.

219

Pedagogy and Competency-Based Education. Paper No. 3, Series of 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction to this paper considers competency-based education, the goals of education, and the need for some social indicators of how well students are meeting these goals. The main body of the paper looks at competency differences, instructional approaches, and educational research in several areas: focus of new research; natural…

McClelland, David C.; And Others

220

Entrepreneur Program. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The document consists of matrices that describe the relationship of vocational skills to basic communication, mathematics, and science skills within the entrepreneur…

De Maria, Richard

221

Earth and Physical Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on earth and physical science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Natural Disasters, Chemical Reaction, Laboratory, States of Matter, Force and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

222

Student Material for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Nursing Assistant. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second edition of the Nursing Assistant Competency-Based Education (CBE) Curriculum contains the curriculum units and related student guidelines and instructional materials. A discussion of how to use this curriculum precedes the table of contents. The curriculum is divided into twenty-eight units. The first three units include instructional…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

223

Electrical Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Cannone, Richard

224

The Use of Mastery Learning with Competency-Based Grading in an Organic Chemistry Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mastery learning is an instructional method based on the idea that students learn best if they fully understand, or master, one concept before moving on to the next and has been shown to be extremely effective in math and science curricula. Competency-based grading is an evaluative tool that allows the faculty member to determine the level of…

Diegelman-Parente, Amy

2011-01-01

225

Research and Evaluation in Operational Competency-Based Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a collection of papers presented at a 1974 conference on research and evaluation in operational competency-based teacher education (CBTE) programs. Two conceptual models for research and evaluation of CBTE activities were presented at the conference and the presentations of these models are the first two chapters of this collection: "A…

Dickson, George E., Ed.

1975-01-01

226

A Study of Competency Based Teacher Education. Philosophy, Research, Issues, Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the competency based teacher education (CBTE) approach. The individual papers comprising the chapters were written at different times, but collectively they provide a sequential introduction and analysis of the concept. A chapter on definitions provides a system for analyzing a CBTE program by…

Roth, Robert A.

227

Retailing. Instructor's Guide Sheets and Instructor's Package, Modules R 1-45. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This package contains instructor's guide sheets and student task assignment sheets for Modules R 1-45 of the competency-based curriculum in retailing developed for use in secondary and postsecondary schools in Kentucky. Some of the topics covered in the modules include the following: retailing--past, present, and future; retailing occupations;…

Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort.

228

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this report was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in conjunction with area vocational-technical schools, the second year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. During the project, a task force of teachers from the area schools and the college…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

229

Life Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on life science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Life Process, Cells, Levels of Organization, Organ Systems, Food and Oxygen-Photosynthesis, Cycles, Energy, Resources, Cell…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

230

Facilitating the Establishment of Competency-Based Vocational Programs: Florida's Vocational Instructional Materials Acquisition System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Vocational Instructional Materials Acquisition System (VIMAS) was developed in Florida to facilitate the establishment of competency-based vocational programs through dissemination of instructional mateials. VIMAS is a comprehensive system of components which work interdependently from the identification of needs to the dissemination and…

Massey, Romeo M.; Kromhout, Ora M.

231

Dental Assisting. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mattia, Nancy

232

Remediating and Enriching Performance Learning. Implementing Competency Based Education in Community Colleges, 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series on implementing competency-based education, this monograph discusses some diagnostic and prescriptive techniques which can be used in the day-to-day management of performance learning to determine which students need remediation or enrichment. Using analogies from detective work, the monograph suggests ways of assessing students'…

Loomis, Katherine A.; And Others

233

Supporting Self-Regulated Personalised Learning through Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents two current research trends in e-learning that at first sight appear to compete. Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory (CBKST) provides a knowledge representation framework which, since its invention by Doignon & Falmagne, has been successfully applied in various e-learning systems (for example, Adaptive Learning with…

Steiner, Christina M.; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Albert, Dietrich

2009-01-01

234

Agricultural Production: Task Analysis for Livestock Production. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task analysis guide is intended to help teachers and administrators develop instructional materials and implement competency-based education in the agricultural production program. Section 1 contains a validated task inventory for the livestock production portion of agricultural production IV and V. Tasks are divided into six duty areas:…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

235

Adopting a competency-based model: mapping curricula and assessing student progress.  

PubMed

Much attention has been focused on integrating competency-based curricula into educational programs in health management. Achieving the benefits of competency-based curricula requires substantial effort to identify competencies that are both specific and comprehensive, and that reflect consensus among faculty and stakeholders. The objective of this paper is to describe an approach to competency-based curriculum development and monitoring of students' progress toward competency achievement. Our approach identifies 20 competency areas, organized in technical, analytical/conceptual, and interpersonal domains. We demonstrate how individual courses can be mapped to these 20 competency areas and provide survey data on students' and graduates' self-rated competencies. We find the self-rated competencies of new graduates were significantly higher than the self-rated competencies of entering students in 17 of the 20 areas. Our work illustrates an approach to competency-based education that is feasible and helpful for program planning and evaluation. The list of competencies is tractable; the mapping of competencies to didactic coursework and practical experiences is clear and reflects reasonable consensus among faculty and preceptors. Finally, the approach is flexible, as competency areas can be added and removed to be responsive to new research evidence and the changing needs of the field. PMID:19655617

Bradley, Elizabeth H; Cherlin, Emily; Busch, Susan H; Epstein, Andrew; Helfand, Bradley; White, William D

2008-01-01

236

Universities as Responsive Learning Organizations through Competency-Based Assessment with Electronic Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities should embrace democratic values. Using electronic portfolios, competency-based assessment can enact them. Rather than preset standards, competencies become boundary objects connecting individual student experience to community conversation about what it means to be educated. This article examines this approach in practice at New…

Cambridge, Darren

2008-01-01

237

Hotel-Motel Occupations: Hotel-Motel Clerk. Front Office Manager. Competency-Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher's guide and student curriculum are provided for a hotel-motel occupations competency-based education curriculum designed to facilitate the learning of skills for front office clerks and managers. The teacher's guide contains an explanation of the curriculum and suggested usage, a list of competencies by job title, evaluation aids,…

McKinney, L. S.

238

The Design of Competency-Based Performance Assessment in E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the design of competency-based performance assessment in e-learning. Though effort has been invested in designing powerful e-learning environments, relatively little attention has been paid to the design of valid and reliable assessments in such environments, leaving many questions to educational developers and teachers. As…

Sluijsmans, Dominique M. A.; Prins, Frans J.; Martens, Rob L.

2006-01-01

239

The Effect of Virtual versus Traditional Learning in Achieving Competency-Based Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: By rapid developing of the network technology, the internet-based learning methods are substituting the traditional classrooms making them expand to the virtual network learning environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of virtual systems on competency-based skills of first-year nursing students.…

Mosalanejad, Leili; Shahsavari, Sakine; Sobhanian, Saeed; Dastpak, Mehdi

2012-01-01

240

How to Develop PACs. Performance and Competency-based Student Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed for developing performance and competency-based student materials (PACs). The PAC, an instructional tool that focuses on helping students master a specific objective, lends itself to vocational instruction. The first nine sections of the guide, consisting of information to assist teachers in gathering background materials…

Rouse, Bill, Comp.

241

Automotive Mechanics. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Brown, Desmond

242

Competence-based management and corporate culture: Two theories with common flaws?  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are a number of issues that researchers in the newly emerging perspective of competence-based management (CBM) could consider from the experiences of culture theory, which was hailed in the 1980s as the definitive answer to managing strategically. However, for three main reasons, culture theory is not as useful to practising managers as the hype in the early 1980s led

Dianne Lewis

1998-01-01

243

Commercial Art. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Vassallo, Thomas

244

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

245

Marine Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Abbott, Alan

246

Task Listing for Introduction to Health Occupations. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task listing is designed to be used in combination with the "Health Occupations Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in health occupations programs in Virginia. The task listing contains four major sections: (1) content/concept areas; (2) program and course description; (3) content outline; and (4)…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

247

An Evaluation Report of the Implementation of the Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general objective of the Competency - Based Curriculum (CBC) is to facilitate success in and enjoyment of learning by all students in the District of Columbia public schools. Individual rates of growth and differences in learning styles are provided for by this approach, which assures that skills requisite to successful adult functioning are…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Div. of Research, Planning and Evaluation.

248

Summary of Actions Taken by Selected States Involved in Developing Competency-Based Certification Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews actions taken by selected states as they move to implement competency-based teacher education and certification systems (CBTE-CBC). Following a brief discussion of the role of the state in developing CBTE-CBC, three major issues are presented: a) the type of consortium procedures used, b) the manner in which competencies are to…

Pitman, John C.

249

An Evaluation of the Competency Based Curriculum Summer In-Service Course "Foundations of Curriculum Writing."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1975, the Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) was adopted as a vehicle for achieving excellence in the District of Columbia public schools. A total of 213 elementary and secondary school teachers and 16 instructors participated in the inservice course "Foundations of Curriculum Writing for CBC." The participants were divided into six…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC.

250

Welding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Browning, Terry

251

Empirical Determination of Effectiveness of a Competency Based Program in Distributive Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objective of the Syracuse project was to make an empirical determination of the effectiveness of a competency-based (CB) distributive education program by comparing student achievement in three of its major components with similar traditionally organized courses at Syracuse, Buffalo, and Baruch. The three components were retailing,…

Charters, Margaret; And Others

252

Competency Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education in Virginia. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report contains a three-page narrative and extensive appendixes, including correspondence, surveys, field test evaluation and guide, and the Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education in Virginia developed by the project. The over 200-page curriculum guide presents a suggested master curriculum for a twelve or…

Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA. Dept. of Industrial Arts Education.

253

Moving toward Industrial Excellence in the '80s on the Competency-Based Education Bandwagon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Underscores the problems of misunderstanding and misrepresentation in competency-based education (CBE). Proposes a definition of CBE, acknowledging that it must be adapted to individual colleges. Offers a rationale for adopting a CBE framework and provides an inventory model to facilitate the assessment of the quality of a CBE program. (CAM)

Herrscher, Barton R.

1981-01-01

254

A Competency-Based Testing Program: Program Evaluation from an Instructional Design Point of View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1984 an evaluation team examined the Maryland Functional Testing Program (MFTP), a statewide competency-based, criterion-referenced testing program that was instituted to limit awarding of high school diplomas to those students who had earned scores above cut scores on a series of achievement tests. This article examines the procedures the…

Garber, Herbert

255

Developing Competency Based Teacher Education Resource Modules in Individualizing Instruction and Treatment of Special Reading Difficulties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were (1) to develop and evaluate resource modules in the areas of treating reading difficulties and individualizing instruction to be used in a competency based teacher education program in reading and (2) to determine whether an instructional portion of the reading difficulties module could effectively be implemented in…

Stieglitz, Ezra Louis

256

Experiences with a Competency-Based Educational Approach to Reproductive Biology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based educational program for future physicians studying reproductive biology was developed at the University of Utah College of Medicine. The development took the form of a generic model specifying a linear sequence of steps, namely: assess competency needs, specify competencies, determine competency components and performance…

Brown, Thomas C.; And Others

257

A Competency-Based Medical Student Curriculum Targeting Key Geriatric Syndromes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (UMMSM) has developed and implemented a competency-based undergraduate medical education (UME) curriculum that targets 61 learning objectives for three geriattic syndromes: dementia, falls, and delirium. This curriculum redesign changed the educational focus from what is taught to what is learned.…

van Zuilen, Maria H.; Rodriguez, Osvaldo; Mintzer, Michael J.; Paniagua, Miguel A.; Milanez, Marcos N.; Ruiz, Jorge G.; Kaiser, Robert M.; Roos, Bernard A.

2008-01-01

258

Auto Body Repair. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Ormsbee, Robert

259

Building Competency-Based Pathways: Successes and Challenges from Leaders in the Field. A Forum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This forum provided an overview of competency-based pathways to education and described programs that have successfully utilized these pathways to move all students to success in high school and beyond. Speakers highlighted how innovative learning environments that base student advancement upon mastery of measurable learning objectives have been…

American Youth Policy Forum, 2011

2011-01-01

260

The Management Development Program: A Competency-Based Model for Preparing Hospitality Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The master of management program at Cornell University focused on competency-based development of skills for the hospitality industry through core courses, minicourses, skill benchmarking, and continuous improvement. Benefits include a shift in the teacher role to advocate/coach, increased information sharing, student satisfaction, and clear…

Brownell, Judi; Chung, Beth G.

2001-01-01

261

Student Outcomes: Investigating Competency-Based Curriculum in Adult Basic Education. Research Report No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The outcomes attained by Australian adults enrolled in competency-based Certificate in Adult Foundation Education (CAFE) courses were examined. Special attention was paid to the outcomes achieved by students in the two lowest of the CAFE program's four levels. The main data sources were as follows: literature review; enrollment data from the…

Hazell, Pat

262

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Laser Technology. September 1980-June 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains materials developed by a project to provide a competency-based curriculum guide for laser technology at the community college level. An abstract of the final report is included. Next, the 17 job competencies determined as necessary to meet the job description of laser technician are listed. A career ladder and qualifications…

Fioroni, John J.

263

School Television for Social Studies: A Competency-Based Matrix, Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This matrix keys school films to the social studies competency-based curriculum cbjectives for grade 5. Three television series are included. Emphasis is placed on geography, people, and the economy, but the themes are also related to history and government. The first series, "Across Cultures," focuses on the people of North America, South…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

264

Environmental Control Exploration. Practical Arts. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides curriculum materials for implementing a career exploration class in environmental control occupations within a Practical Arts Education program for middle/junior high school students. Introductory materials include the program master sequence, a list of environmental control occupations, an overview of the competency-based

Keeton, Martha; McKinley, Douglas

265

Occupational Home Economics Education Series. Fast Food Services. Competency Based Teaching Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of ten competency based modules developed for vocational home economics teachers, is based on a job cluster in fast food services. It is designed for a variety of levels of learners (secondary, postsecondary adult) in both school and non-school settings. Focusing on the specific job titles of bus attendant, counter…

Lowe, Phyllis; And Others

266

Lessons Learned from the Competency-Based Curriculum Initiative at Baylor College of Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chronicles development of the Baylor College of Dentistry (Texas) competency-based curriculum and outlines 11 lessons learned concerning strategic planning, external accountability, value of significant and continuing faculty participation, administrative support structures, linking planning and assessment, using multiple assessment methods,…

McCann, Ann L.; Babler, William J.; Cohen, Peter A.

1998-01-01

267

A Critical Time for Medical Education: The Perils of Competence-Based Reform of the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the…

Malone, Karen; Supri, Salinder

2012-01-01

268

Introduction to MADE (Careers). Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). It consists of some introductory remarks concerning the course, a lesson plan, a course outline, and four sections of lessons for use in implementing the course. Covered in the individual sections are the…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

269

Creating a Competency-Based Leadership and Managerial Skills Program: A Model for Smaller Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elements of a competency-based leadership and management skills program include assessment center evaluation, personality and self-assessment measures, experiential learning, development of career plans, meetings with career coaches, and selection of courses to enhance skills to achieve career and life goals. (Contains 23 references.) (SK)

Smith, Jonathan E.; Forbes, J. Benjamin

2001-01-01

270

Designing a Competency-Based Master of Arts in Management Program for Midcareer Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a competency-based master's program, students assess their competencies and design an individual learning program, then apply their learning through portfolio assignments in 10 management knowledge courses. Competencies include interpersonal, personnel management, and analytical skills; management knowledge; and career-specific skills.…

Spee, James C.; Tompkins, Teri C.

2001-01-01

271

United States History. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Proejct.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on United States history is divided into twenty-four topics. The topics included are: Backgrounds of American Colonization; Colonial Life; Causes of the American Revolution; Creating a New…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

272

Competency Based Education Curriculum for the Orientation and Safety Program of the Oil and Gas Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum for teaching the orientation and safety program for the oil and gas industry in West Virginia is organized into seven units. These units cover the following topics: introduction to oil and gas, first aid, site preparation, drilling operations, equipment familiarity, well completion, and preparation for…

United Career Center, Clarksburg, WV.

273

Design Drafting. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Sharkey, Jeff

274

Implementation of MET/CBT 5 for adolescents.  

PubMed

Implementation of effective substance abuse treatment programs in community settings is a high priority. The selection of a proven cost-effective model is a first step; however, difficulty arises when the model is imported into a community setting. The Center on Substance Abuse Treatment selected a brief substance abuse treatment program for adolescents, the MET/CBT-5 program, determined to be the most cost-effective protocol in the Cannabis Youth Treatment trial, for implementation in two cohorts of Effective Adolescent Treatment grantees. A qualitative investigation of the protocol implementation with nine sites in the second cohort chronicled adaptations made by grantees and prospects for sustainability. The study found that agencies introduced adaptations without seeming to be aware of potential effects on validity. In most sites, sessions were lengthened or added to accommodate individual client needs, address barriers to client participation, and provide consistency with current norms of treatment. Implications for fidelity of future implementation projects are addressed. PMID:18493858

Riley, Katherine J; Rieckmann, Traci; McCarty, Dennis

2008-07-01

275

Training community matrons in basic cognitive behavioural therapy-based techniques for patients with COPD.  

PubMed

People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experience anxiety and depression with a higher prevalence than the general population. Despite this, they are under-represented in mental health services on a national scale, but do regularly have contact with health-care professionals such as community matrons. We aimed to explore the process of CBT-based skills supervision and the practical implications for community matrons using CBT-based techniques with COPD clients as part of their standard practice. Twenty community matrons took part in a 2-day CBT-based skills training programme. Measurements of their knowledge and understanding of CBT-based skills were taken before and following the training. Additionally, they completed written feedback relating to the training. They were then supervised by CBT therapists for 6 months. Written feedback was obtained following this and some supervisors participated in a 1-hour focus group to discuss the process. Community matrons' knowledge and understanding of CBT-based techniques significantly improved following training, although findings did indicate that merely training did not always seamlessly translate into effective practice. Supervisor feedback suggested that it would be beneficial for community matrons to share positive practice of their use of basic CBT-based techniques among peers to maximise the perceived value of this approach. PMID:24902055

Barker, David; Davies, Caroline; Dixon, Brendan; Hodgson, Amanda; Reay, Simon; Barclay, Nicola

2014-06-01

276

A randomised controlled trial of recovery focused CBT for individuals with early bipolar disorder  

PubMed Central

Background There is increasing evidence for the effectiveness of structured psychological therapies for bipolar disorder. To date however there have been no psychological interventions specifically designed for individuals with early bipolar disorder. The primary objective of this trial is to establish the acceptability and feasibility of a new CBT based intervention (Recovery focused CBT; RfCBT) designed in collaboration with individuals with early bipolar disorder intended to improve clinical and personal recovery outcomes. Methods and design This article describes a single blind randomised controlled trial to assess the feasibility and acceptability of RfCBT compared with treatment as usual. Participants will be recruited from across the North West of England from specialist mental health services and through primary care and self referral. The primary outcome of the study is the feasibility and acceptability of RfCBT as indicated by recruitment to target and retention to follow-up as well as absence of untoward incidents associated with RfCBT. We also intend to estimate the effect size of the impact of the intervention on recovery and mood outcomes and explore potential process measures (self appraisal, stigma, hope and self esteem). Discussion This is the first trial of recovery informed CBT for early bipolar disorder and will therefore be of interest to researchers in this area as well as indicating the wider potential for evaluating approaches to the recovery informed treatment of recent onset severe mental illness in general. Trial registration number ISRCTN43062149

2012-01-01

277

The Effects of Competency Based Career Development and Performance Management Practices on Service Quality: Some Evidence From Malaysian Public Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a study of the effects of the implementation of two competency based human resource practices (career development and performance management) on service quality in 300 Malaysian public organizations. Results provide clear evidence of significant and positive relationship between competency based career development practice and all service quality dimensions found in Malaysian public organizations. However, there is

Ilhaamie Abdul Ghani Azmi; Zainal Ariffin Ahmad

278

An Evaluation of "Foundations of Competency Based Curriculum"; A Summer In-Service CBC Staff Development Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Foundations of Competency Based Curriculum (CBC)," a one-week inservice course was offered to CBC team members from each Washington, D.C., public school during the summer of 1977. It was designed to assist instructional personnel in acquiring the necessary competencies and skills to plan, initiate, and implement competency based curriculum in…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

279

Predicting uptake of group CBT in a first-episode psychosis cohort.  

PubMed

Many people with psychosis do not engage in psychological treatments when offered. We examined variables that predicted uptake of group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in first-episode psychosis. We assessed all consenting consecutive referrals over a 2-year period. T-tests and logistic regressions examined factors which predicted uptake. The suitability for short-term CBT scale (SSCT) and negative symptoms successfully differentiated engagement and non-engagement. A model combining negative symptoms and the SSCT significantly predicted uptake of group CBT. Attention has not been paid to poor uptake of psychological treatments in psychosis. This may have a greater impact on outcomes than treatment effectiveness. PMID:24365201

Gaynor, Keith; Dooley, Barbara; Lawlor, Elizabeth; Lawoyin, L Richard

2014-01-01

280

Identification, modification, and implementation of an evidence-based psychotherapy for children in a low-income country: the use of TF-CBT in Zambia  

PubMed Central

Background The need to address the treatment gap in mental health services in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is well recognized and particularly neglected among children and adolescents. Recent literature with adult populations suggests that evidence-based mental health treatments are effective, feasible, and cross-culturally modifiable for use in LMIC. This paper addresses a gap in the literature documenting pre-trial processes. We describe the process of selecting an intervention to meet the needs of a particular population and the process of cross-cultural adaptation. Methods Community-based participatory research principles were implemented for intervention selection, including joint meetings with stakeholders, review of qualitative research, and review of the literature. Trauma-focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) was chosen as the evidence-based practice for modification and feasibility testing. The TF-CBT adaptation process, rooted within an apprenticeship model of training and supervision, is presented. Clinical case notes were reviewed to document modifications. Results Choosing an intervention can work as a collaborative process with community involvement. Results also show that modifications were focused primarily on implementation techniques rather than changes in TF-CBT core elements. Conclusions Studies documenting implementation processes are critical to understanding why intervention choices are made and how the adaptations are generated in global mental health. More articles are needed on how to implement evidence-based treatments in LMIC.

2013-01-01

281

A feasibility open trial of internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy (iCBT) among consumers of a non-governmental mental health organisation with anxiety  

PubMed Central

Background. To date the efficacy and acceptability of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatments (iCBT) has been examined in clinical trials and specialist facilities. The present study reports the acceptability, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an established iCBT treatment course (the Wellbeing Course) administered by a not-for-profit non-governmental organisation, the Mental Health Association (MHA) of New South Wales, to consumers with symptoms of anxiety. Methods. Ten individuals who contacted the MHA’s telephone support line or visited the MHA’s website and reported at least mild symptoms of anxiety (GAD-7 total scores ?5) were admitted to the study. Participants were provided access to the Wellbeing Course, which comprises five online lessons and homework assignments, and brief weekly support from an MHA staff member via telephone and email. The MHA staff member was an experienced mental health professional and received minimal training in administering the intervention. Results. All 10 participants completed the course within the 8 weeks. Post-treatment and two month follow-up questionnaires were completed by all participants. Mean within-group effect sizes (Cohen’s d) for the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 Item (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 Item (PHQ-9) were large (i.e., > .80) and consistent with previous controlled research. The Course was also rated as highly acceptable with all 10 participants reporting it was worth their time and they would recommend it to a friend. Conclusions. These results provide support for the potential clinical utility of iCBT interventions and the acceptability and feasibility of employing non-governmental mental health organisations to deliver these treatments. However, further research is needed to examine the clinical efficacy and cost-effectiveness of delivering iCBT via such organisations.

Kirkpatrick, Terry; Manoukian, Linda; Johnston, Luke; Titov, Nickolai

2013-01-01

282

Low Cost Part-Task Training using Interactive Computer Graphics for Simulation of Operational Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To investigate the effectiveness of this methodology, operations of the S-3A copilot integrated control system (INCOS) panel, involving procedural and simple perceptual motor skills, were selected for subject matter. Computerbased training (CBT) materials...

A. Sassano A. M. Crawford R. Padilla R. E. Hurlock

1976-01-01

283

COMPETENCY-BASED BEHAVIORAL ANCHORS AS AUTHENTICATION TOOLS TO DOCUMENT DISTANCE EDUCATION COMPETENCIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study developed a self-assessment instrument to document growth in distance education core competencies in a graduate course in a land-grant institution. Competency-based behavioral anchors served as authentication tools to document student learning. The researchers used naturalistic inquiry to design the data collection instrument and analyze the data using constant-comparative methods. The authenticated results were reported in three areas: individual

Kim E. Dooley; James R. Lindner

284

Treatment engagement and response to CBT among Latinos with anxiety disorders in primary care.  

PubMed

Objective: In the current study, we compared measures of treatment outcome and engagement for Latino and non-Latino White patients receiving a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program delivered in primary care. Method: Participants were 18-65 years old and recruited from 17 clinics at 4 different sites to participate in a randomized controlled trial for anxiety disorders, which compared the Coordinated Anxiety Learning and Management (CALM) intervention (consisting of CBT, medication, or both) with usual care. Of those participants who were randomized to the intervention arm and selected CBT (either alone or in combination with medication), 85 were Latino and 251 were non-Latino White; the majority of the Latino participants received the CBT intervention in English (n = 77). Blinded assessments of clinical improvement and functioning were administered at baseline and at 6, 12, and 18 months after baseline. Measures of engagement, including attendance, homework adherence, understanding of CBT principles, and commitment to treatment, were assessed weekly during the CBT intervention. Results: Findings from propensity-weighted linear and logistic regression models revealed no statistically significant differences between Latinos and non-Latino Whites on symptom measures of clinical improvement and functioning at almost all time points. There were significant differences on 2 of 7 engagement outcomes, namely, number of sessions attended and patients' understanding of CBT principles. Conclusions: These findings suggest that CBT can be an effective treatment approach for Latinos who are primarily English speaking and likely more acculturated, although continued attention should be directed toward engaging Latinos in such interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24660674

Chavira, Denise A; Golinelli, Daniela; Sherbourne, Cathy; Stein, Murray B; Sullivan, Greer; Bystritsky, Alexander; Rose, Raphael D; Lang, Ariel J; Campbell-Sills, Laura; Welch, Stacy; Bumgardner, Kristin; Glenn, Daniel; Barrios, Velma; Roy-Byrne, Peter; Craske, Michelle

2014-06-01

285

Augmenting antidepressant medication with modular CBT for geriatric generalized anxiety disorder: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Objective Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a prevalent psychiatric condition in older adults with deleterious effects on health and cognition. Although selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications have some efficacy as acute treatments for geriatric GAD, incomplete response is the most common outcome of monotherapy. We therefore developed a novel sequential treatment strategy, using personalized, modular cognitive-behavioral therapy (mCBT) to augment SSRI medication. Method In an open label pilot study (N =10), subjects received a sequenced trial of 12 weeks of escitalopram followed by 16 weeks of escitalopram augmented with mCBT. We also examined the maintenance effects of mCBT over a 28-week follow-up period following drug discontinuation and termination of psychotherapy. Results Results suggest that (1) adding mCBT to escitalopram significantly reduced anxiety symptoms and pathological worry, resulting in full remission for most patients and (2) some patients maintained response after all treatments were withdrawn. Conclusion Findings suggest that mCBT may be an effective augmentation strategy when added to SSRI medication and provide limited support for the long-term benefit of mCBT after discontinuation of pharmacotherapy.

Wetherell, Julie Loebach; Stoddard, Jill A.; White, Kamila S.; Kornblith, Sander; Nguyen, Hoang; Andreescu, Carmen; Zisook, Sidney; Lenze, Eric J.

2014-01-01

286

Competent poverty training.  

PubMed

Despite numerous calls to the discipline, attention to poverty and social class remains minimal in psychology even though most human experience is significantly affected by social ranking. As a result, educators lack models for training in the context of poverty. Recent and concerted efforts to define and implement competency-based models for the practice of professional psychology have resulted in the creation of Competency Benchmarks (American Psychological Association, 2011). Here, these Competency Benchmarks frame the integration of best practices in working with poor and working-class clients with what we know about what constitutes good training. The result is a competency-based approach for those who are training psychologists-to-be to work effectively with economically challenged clients. PMID:23280419

Stabb, Sally D; Reimers, Faye A

2013-02-01

287

A Cooperative Program for Developing a Competency-Based Elementary Teacher Preparation Module in Science Education by University and School Personnel. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study designed to develop, evaluate, and revise competency-based materials in science methods education for elementary school teachers. Data were collected and analyzed relative to four questions: What are the outcomes of competency-based instruction in science at Central Michigan University? Do competency-based teacher education…

Oana, Robert G.; Eiszler, Charles F.

288

Manufacturing Management Systems--User Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Production Control Training Program is a competency-based management training program currently in operation at the Defense Systems Division of Honeywell, Incorporated. Designed with the needs of the adult learner in mind, the program involves pretests and meetings between supervisors and individual staff members to identify individualized…

Hunt, C. L.

289

A randomized controlled trial of CBT therapy for adults with ADHD with and without medication  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies of psychological treatment in adults with ADHD have not controlled for medication status and include either medicated participants or mixed samples of medicated and unmedicated participants. The objective of this study is to examine whether use of medication improves outcome of therapy. Method This was a secondary analysis comparing 23 participants randomized to CBT and Dextroamphetamine vs. 25 participants randomized to CBT and placebo. Both patients and investigators were blind to treatment assignment. Two co-primary outcomes were used: ADHD symptoms on the ADHD-RS-Inv completed by the investigator and improvement in functioning as reported by the patient on the Sheehan Disability Scale. Results Both groups showed robust improvement in both symptoms and functioning, but the use of medication did not significantly improve outcome over and above use of CBT and placebo. Conclusion This study replicates previous work demonstrating that CBT is an effective treatment for ADHD in adults. Within the limits of this pilot, secondary analysis we were not able to demonstrate that medication significantly augments the outcome of CBT therapy for adults with ADHD. The study was funded by GlaxoSmithKline, Clinical Trials Registry #GSK707.

2012-01-01

290

Workplace Training at SBS Radio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that at Australia's Special Broadcasting Services Radio, workplace training is an essential requirement for on-air staff but a degree in journalism or communications is an enormous advantage. Describes several in-house accredited competency-based modules in journalism and broadcasting. (RS)

Simons, Lynette

2001-01-01

291

A Framework for a Competency Based Medical Curriculum in Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Background: We recently adopted a competency based curriculum based on the CanMEDs model. This shift required the cross-mapping of all key CanMEDs competencies with the competencies for higher education in Saudi Arabia as per the Saudi National Commission for Academic Accreditation & Assessment (NCAAA) guidelines. Objectives: To formulate competencies for our curriculum and to create a framework aligned with NCAAA, CanMEDs and Saudi Meds. Methods: After finalization of program outcomes, the program goals were cross-mapped with CanMEDs and Saudi Meds competencies and then the CanMEDs competencies were reverse mapped with our outcomes. Finally benchmarking of outcomes with the programs of the Universities of Manitoba and Toronto was done. Results: We were able to cross-map and match major outcomes of our program with both the CanMEDs and the Saudi Meds frameworks, ensuring that the outcomes are in line with NCAAA, CanMEDs and Saud Meds. Also, our program objectives were bench marked with two of the Canadian medical schools. Conclusion: We propose that our framework can be a model for other universities in Saudi Arabia to consider when shifting to a competency based curriculum.

Al Bu Ali, Waleed Hamad; Balaha, Magdy Hassan; Kaliyadan, Feroze; Bahgat, Mohamed; Aboulmagd, Elsayed

2013-01-01

292

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for carers of patients with Parkinson's disease: a preliminary randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Objective: Most individuals with Parkinson's disease live in their own homes cared for by a family member. Providing such long term care can be a source of significant stress, with many carers experiencing sleep difficulty, depression, anxiety, loneliness, and other symptoms of psychological strain. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is one of the most widely used psychological treatments in clinical use today, with applications across the full range of clinical conditions. It has been previously used in the management of other carer groups. The present study sought to evaluate the efficacy of CBT in treating psychological distress in a group of Parkinson's disease carers. Method: A total of 30 carers scoring at caseness level on the 28 item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) were randomised to receive either a course of 12–14 sessions of CBT or to a no-treatment control group. Results: Although some change was observed in both groups, significantly greater improvement on the GHQ-28 was observed after three months in the CBT treated group. Similar findings were observed in measures of caregiver strain and subjective burden, with the benefits being maintained over a subsequent three month follow up period. Conclusions: These results offer preliminary support to the value of a CBT approach in the management of psychological morbidity in Parkinson's disease carers. Further larger scale research is needed in the future to examine the generalisability of the findings to a broader range of carers, assess the longer term impact on outcome in carers and those with Parkinson's disease, and explore how CBT can be best delivered in the most cost effective manner.

Secker, D; Brown, R

2005-01-01

293

The Management of Training in Multinational Corporations: Comparative Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies of British and Australian multinational corporations in the food and drink industry investigated how training and development are managed. Competency-based education and industry boards are important elements in both countries. Lack of a training culture in the industry and little innovation in training were observed. (SK)

Noble, Charles

1997-01-01

294

Competencies: The Competencies Debate in Australian Education and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies are the focal concept in the world of education and training in Australia at this moment in 1993. This book is a collection of papers and has three purposes. First, it aims to provide basic information about education and training. Second, the book aims to explore something of what competency-based education and training looks like in…

Collins, Cherry, Ed.

295

A Computer-Based Training System for American Antique Chair Styles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A computer-based training (CBT) system was designed to train learners to recognize six styles of 18th century American antique chairs. The project consisted of five phases. The first phase consisted of a needs analysis to determine the training needs for the target population. Three groups of learners were identified: antique sales personnel,…

See, Maha

296

Acceptance and Mindfulness Techniques as Applied to Refugee and Ethnic Minority Populations with PTSD: Examples from "Culturally Adapted CBT"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we illustrate how we utilize acceptance and mindfulness techniques in our treatment (Culturally Adapted CBT, or CA-CBT) for traumatized refugees and ethnic minority populations. We present a Nodal Network Model (NNM) of Affect to explain the treatment's emphasis on body-centered mindfulness techniques and its focus on psychological…

Hinton, Devon E.; Pich, Vuth; Hofmann, Stefan G.; Otto, Michael W.

2013-01-01

297

Parent Involvement in CBT Treatment of Adolescent Depression: Experiences in the Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS) evaluated the short- and long-term effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) alone, fluoxetine alone, and their combination, relative to pill placebo, and the 12-week treatment effects were recently published (TADS Team, 2004). Results showed that treatment that combined CBT with…

Wells, Karen C.; Albano, Anne Marie

2005-01-01

298

Randomized Clinical Trial of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) versus Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Mixed Anxiety Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Randomized comparisons of acceptance-based treatments with traditional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders are lacking. To address this gap, we compared acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) to CBT for heterogeneous anxiety disorders. Method: One hundred twenty-eight individuals (52% female, mean age = 38, 33%…

Arch, Joanna J.; Eifert, Georg H.; Davies, Carolyn; Vilardaga, Jennifer C. Plumb; Rose, Raphael D.; Craske, Michelle G.

2012-01-01

299

The ABCs of CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy): Evidence-Based Approaches to Child Anxiety in Public School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated a locally developed cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) intervention program in a public elementary school. In the prevention approach, 118 children were randomly assigned either to an 8-week intervention or to a wait-list control. Results of statistical analysis indicated that the manualized CBT intervention did not reduce…

Miller, Lynn D.; Short, Christina; Garland, E. Jane; Clark, Sandra

2010-01-01

300

Developing a competency-based educational structure within clinical and translational science.  

PubMed

In the emerging field of clinical and translational science (CTS), where researchers use both basic and clinical science research methodologies to move discoveries to clinical practice, establishing standards of competence is essential for preparing physician-scientists for the profession and for defining the field. The diversity of skills needed to execute quality research within the field of CTS has heightened the importance of an educational process that requires learners to demonstrate competence. Particularly within the more applied clinical science disciplines where there is a multi- or interdisciplinary approach to conducting research, defining and articulating the unique role and associated competencies of a physician-scientist is necessary. This paper describes a systematic process for developing a competency-based educational framework within a CTS graduate program at one institution. PMID:23601338

Dilmore, Terri Collin; Moore, Debra W; Bjork, Zuleikha

2013-04-01

301

Affect regulation training (ART) for alcohol use disorders: development of a novel intervention for negative affect drinkers.  

PubMed

Although negative affect is a common precipitant of alcohol relapse, there are few interventions for alcohol dependence that specifically target negative affect. In this stage 1a/1b treatment development study, several affect regulation strategies (e.g., mindfulness, prolonged exposure, distress tolerance) were combined to create a new treatment supplement called affect regulation training (ART), which could be added to enhance cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for alcohol dependence. A draft therapy manual was given to therapists and treatment experts before being administered to several patients who also provided input. After two rounds of manual development (stage 1a), a pilot randomized clinical trial (N=77) of alcohol-dependent outpatients who reported drinking often in negative affect situations was conducted (stage 1b). Participants received 12-weekly, 90-minute sessions of either CBT for alcohol dependence plus ART (CBT+ART) or CBT plus a healthy lifestyles control condition (CBT+HLS). Baseline, end-of-treatment, and 3- and 6-month posttreatment interviews were conducted. For both treatment conditions, participant ratings of treatment satisfaction were high, with CBT+ART rated significantly higher. Drinking outcome results indicated greater reductions in alcohol use for CBT+ART when compared to CBT+HLS, with moderate effect sizes for percent days abstinent, drinks per day, drinks per drinking day, and percent heavy drinking days. Overall, findings support further research on affect regulation interventions for negative affect drinkers. PMID:23876455

Stasiewicz, Paul R; Bradizza, Clara M; Schlauch, Robert C; Coffey, Scott F; Gulliver, Suzy B; Gudleski, Gregory D; Bole, Christopher W

2013-01-01

302

Staff Expectations and Views of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The role of support workers and other professionals in the psychotherapeutic process has been commented upon but not as yet been systematically investigated. Method: To explore their views and expectations of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for adults with intellectual disabilities, eleven paid support workers and professionals were…

Kroese, Biza Stenfert; Jahoda, Andrew; Pert, Carol; Trower, Peter; Dagnan, Dave; Selkirk, Mhairi

2014-01-01

303

Toward an Integrative Model for CBT: Encompassing Behavior, Cognition, Affect, and Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dramatic changes in our science in recent years have profound implications for how psychologists conceptualize, assess, and treat people. I comment on these developments and the contributions to this special series, focusing on how they speak to new directions and challenges for the future of CBT. Discoveries about mind, brain, and behavior that…

Mischel, Walter

2004-01-01

304

Community clinic treatment of depressed youth: Benchmarking usual care against CBT clinical trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used a benchmarking strategy to evaluate the effectiveness of community psychotherapy for depressed youth relative to evidence-based treatment in clinical trials. Symptom trajectories of depressed youth treated in community mental health centers (CMHCs) were compared with trajectories of youth treated with cognitive- behavioral therapy (CBT) in clinical trials. Overall, outcomes of CMHC youth more closely resembled those of

V. Robin Weersing; John R. Weisz

2002-01-01

305

“Without a Net”: CBT Without Medications for an Adult With ADHD  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is currently recognized that attention deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists into adulthood for more than half of affected individuals. ADHD in adulthood is associated with impairments in most adult roles. Medications are considered an effective treatment for the core symptoms of ADHD. Adjunctive psychosocial treatment, primarily cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), is efficacious in cases of residual symptoms and impairments. However, a

J. Russell Ramsay

2012-01-01

306

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Online versus Clinic-Based CBT for Adolescent Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The study examined the relative efficacy of online (NET) versus clinic (CLIN) delivery of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) in the treatment of anxiety disorders in adolescents. Method: Participants included 115 clinically anxious adolescents aged 12 to 18 years and their parent(s). Adolescents were randomly assigned to NET, CLIN, or…

Spence, Susan H.; Donovan, Caroline L.; March, Sonja; Gamble, Amanda; Anderson, Renee E.; Prosser, Samantha; Kenardy, Justin

2011-01-01

307

Training Counselors to Work Competently with Individuals and Families with Health and Mental Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A paradigm shift is underway in the training of professional counselors. It involves a shift in orientation from an input-based or traditional model of training to an outcomes-based or competency-based model of training. This article provides a detailed description of both input-based and outcomes-based training and instructional methods. It…

Sperry, Len

2012-01-01

308

Development and Implementation of Health and Wellness CBT for Individuals with Depression and HIV  

PubMed Central

Rates of depression are reported to be between 22–33% in adults with HIV, which is double that of the general population. Depression negatively affects treatment adherence and health outcomes of those with medical illnesses. Further, it has been shown in adults that reducing depression may improve both adherence and health outcomes. To address the issues of depression and non-adherence, Health and Wellness (H&W) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and medication management (MM) treatment strategies have been developed specifically for youth living with both HIV and depression. H&W CBT is based on other studies with uninfected youth and upon research on adults with HIV. H&W CBT uses problem-solving, motivational interviewing, and cognitive-behavioral strategies to decrease adherence obstacles and increase wellness. The intervention is delivered in 14 planned sessions over a 6-month period, with three different stages of CBT. This paper summarizes the feasibility and acceptability data from an open depression trial with 8 participants, 16–24 years of age, diagnosed with HIV and with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) diagnosis of depression, conducted at two treatment sites in the Adolescent Trials Network (ATN). Both therapists and subjects completed a Session Evaluation Form (SEF) after each session, and results were strongly favorable. Results from The Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician (QIDS-C) also showed noteworthy improvement in depression severity. A clinical case vignette illustrates treatment response. Further research will examine the use of H&W CBT in a larger trial of youth diagnosed with both HIV and depression.

Kennard, B.; Brown, L.; Hawkins, L.; Risi, A.; Radcliffe, J.; Emslie, G.; Mayes, T.; King, J.; Foxwell, A.; Buyukdura, J.; Bethel, J.; Naar-King, S.; Xu, J.; Lee, S.; Garvie, P.; London, C.; Tanney, M.; Thornton, S.

2014-01-01

309

Transfer of manualized CBT for social phobia into clinical practice (SOPHO-PRAX): a study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is generally known to be efficacious in the treatment of social phobia when applied in RCTs, namely when the treatment manual is based on the Clark-Wells approach. However, little is known about the efficacy of manualized treatments in routine clinical practice (Phase IV of psychotherapy research). The present study (SOPHO-PRAX) is a continuation of a large multicenter randomized clinical trial (SOPHO-NET) and analyzes the extent to which additional training practitioners in manualized procedures enhances treatment effect. Methods/design Thirty-six private practitioners will be included in three treatment centers and randomly designated to either training in manualized CBT or no specific training. The treatment effects of the therapies conducted by both groups of therapists will be compared. A total of 162 patients (n?=?116 completers; n?=?58 per condition) will be enrolled. Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) will serve as primary outcome measure. Remission from social phobia is defined as LSAS total ?30 points. Data will be collected at treatment begin, after 8, 15, and 25 sessions (50?min each), at treatment completion, as well at 6 and 12?months post-treatment. Discussion The present CBT trial combines elements of randomized controlled trials and naturalistic studies in an innovative way. It will directly inform about the incremental effects of procedures established in a controlled trial into clinical practice. Study results are relevant to healthcare decisions and policy. They may serve to improve quality of treatment, and shorten the time frame between the development and widespread dissemination of effective methods, thereby reducing health cost expenditure. The results of this study will not only inform about the degree to which the new methods lead to an improvement of treatment course and outcome, but also about whether the effects of routine psychotherapeutic treatment are comparable to those of the controlled, strictly manualized treatments of the SOPHO-NET study. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01388231. This study was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (SOPHO-NET: BMBF 01GV0607; SOPHO-PRAX: BMBF 01GV1001).

2012-01-01

310

Combining Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with Contingency Management for Smoking Cessation in Adolescent Smokers: A Preliminary Comparison of Two Different CBT Formats  

PubMed Central

This pilot study evaluated the optimal format of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to combine with contingency management (CM) in a four-week, high school-based smoking cessation program. Thirty-four adolescent smokers received a standard weekly version of CBT or a frequent brief behavioral intervention. Results indicate a trend toward a higher seven-day point prevalence end-of-treatment abstinence rate and percent days abstinent during treatment in the CBT condition. In addition, significantly more participants in the CBT group completed treatment. These preliminary results suggest that when combined with CM, the standard weekly format of CBT is more acceptable to adolescent smokers.

Cavallo, Dana A.; Cooney, Judith L.; Duhig, Amy M.; Smith, Anne E.; Liss, Thomas B.; McFetridge, Amanda K.; Babuscio, Theresa; Nich, Charla; Carroll, Kathleen M.; Rounsaville, Bruce J.; Krishnan-Sarin, Suchitra

2013-01-01

311

Designing a Competency-Based Program in Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine for the Professional Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A five-day workshop was successful in fulfilling its prime objective, development of a competency-based curriculum for veterinary public health and preventive medicine (VPH & PM). The model now may be used to re-evaluate and, where necessary, revise existing curriculums. (LBH)

Selby, Lloyd A.; And Others

1976-01-01

312

Teaching and Learning in a Competence-Based Curriculum: The Case of Four Secondary Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on four case study schools that have adopted innovative competence-based curriculum (CBC) projects in Year 7 for a variety of educational and social reasons. The article discusses the issues and challenges posed by the CBC for teachers in the daily life of the classroom. Philosophical ideas about the purpose of education vary…

Byrne, Jenny; Downey, Christopher; Souza, Ana

2013-01-01

313

Competency-Based Approaches: Linking Theory and Practice in Professional Education with Particular Reference to Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paul Hager and I worked on a large number of research projects and publications throughout the 1990s. The focus of this work was on developing a competency-based approach to professional education and assessment. I review this work and its impact over the years. Notwithstanding the fact that most professional associations today have a competency…

Gonczi, Andrew

2013-01-01

314

Industrial Arts Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of industrial arts. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that explain how to read…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

315

The Characteristics of Instructional Materials for Competency-Based Education: Perceptions of Instructors, Administrators, and Instructional Designers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of educators was conducted to determine the relative importance of eight desirable characteristics of competency based education materials and then to apply the results to materials actually in use. Initially, 129 vocational instructors, administrators, and instructional designers were surveyed using a pair-comparison method. Objectives…

Kromhout, Ora M.; Massey, Romeo M.

316

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

317

The Competency-Based Degree Program at Oklahoma City University: The Program and the People It Serves.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Competency-Based Degree Program (CBDP) at Oklahoma City University is an effort by a traditional university to serve a new and expanded group of students while maintaining a high level of quality in the services it provides. The CBDP is unique in that it is truly a nontraditional program operating within a traditional university with well…

Westerheide, W. J.; Krueger, Reynold J.

318

Recreational Vehicle Maintenance and Repair. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Felice, Michael

319

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND ASSESSMENT Development of a Competency-Based Assessment Process for Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment. Faculty and student perceptions of the assessment process were generally positive. We were moderately successful in reducing grade inflation. The new process also provides the school with data that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of our curriculum in preparing students for practice. Conclusions. Development and implementation of a competency-based assessment process require a considerable amount of work

Lilian H. Hill; Jeffrey C. Delafuente; Brigitte L. Sicat

320

A Guide to Task Analysis for Competency Based Education. Trade and Technical Programs. Task Linkage Project Publication No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through synthesis and review of existing task analysis literature, this guide lists tasks expected to be performed by workers in nine trade and industrial occupations and presents information for incorporating these tasks into articulated secondary and postsecondary competency based vocational education programs. Task listings are…

Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. School of Education.

321

The Design and Implementation of the Validation of the Competency-Based Curriculum In Language Arts/English and Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The validation of the competency based curriculum (CBC) of the District of Columbia Public Schools, prior to full scale implementation, is described. The CBC includes English, language arts, and science instruction in grades one through nine, and is based upon the demonstrated learning of specific behavioral objectives in the basic skills. The…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

322

Accounting Technology Associate Degree. Louisiana Technical Education Program and Course Standards. Competency-Based Postsecondary Curriculum Outline from Bulletin 1822.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines the curriculum of Louisiana's accounting technology associate degree program, which is a 6-term (77-credit hour) competency-based program designed to prepare students for employment as accounting technicians providing technical administrative support to professional accountants and other financial management personnel.…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

323

Trade and Industrial Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of trade and industrial education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

324

Development of Competency-Based Articulated Automotive Program. Big Bend Community College and Area High Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based automotive mechanics curriculum was developed at Big Bend Community College (Washington) in order to provide the basis for an advanced placement procedure for high school graduates and experienced adults through a competency assessment. In order to create the curriculum, Big Bend Community College automotive mechanics…

Buche, Fred; Cox, Charles

325

The Region V Conference on Competency Based Teacher Education (Midland Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, March 11-13, 1975). Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of a regional conference on Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) held to allow the six States in Region V (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin) to share information about vocational personnel development activities and programs, consists primarily of 12 conference papers: (1) Personnel Development in…

Appelgate, William K.; Weaver, Marita A.

326

The Development of a Competency Based Food Preparations Curriculum for High School Special Needs Students in New Castle County, Delaware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based culinary arts food preparation curriculum for Delaware high school students with special needs was developed during a project that included the following activities: review of the state's existing culinary arts curriculum for regular education students; incumbent worker survey administered to 24 restaurant…

Stewart, Richard Lee

327

Air Conditioning, Refrigeration and Heating. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Hardman, Thomas

328

Students' Personal Professional Theories in Competence-Based Vocational Education: The Construction of Personal Knowledge through Internalisation and Socialisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based vocational education is based on a constructivist learning paradigm, where the development of students' personal professional knowledge is emphasised. However, there is a lack of insight into how students construct their own professional knowledge and what the content and nature of personal professional knowledge is. This article…

Schaap, H.; de Bruijn, E.; Van der Schaaf, M. F.; Kirschner, P. A.

2009-01-01

329

Medical Office Receptionist/Assistant. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Gorman, Dolores

330

Development of Instructional Resource Guides for Competency-Based Education in Selected Industrial Arts Areas. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted in Virginia to develop a coordinated, articulated, competency-based curriculum for selected industrial arts areas from an identified common core of competencies. The competencies would include a set of performance objectives, a set of criterion-referenced measures, and a set of instructional resource guides in the…

Thomas Nelson Community Coll., Hampton, VA.

331

Solar and Energy Conserving Food Technologies: A Training Manual. Training for Development. Peace Corps Information Collection & Exchange Training Manual No. T-17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on experience in the field, this training manual was developed to help Peace Corps trainers plan and implement inservice training programs in solar and other energy conserving food technologies for Peace Corps volunteers and community workers. Using a competency-based format, the manual contains 20 sessions (learning modules) that focus on…

Farallones Inst., Occidental, CA.

332

A test of the California competency-based differentiated role model.  

PubMed

To address the incongruence between the expectations of nursing service and education in California, the Education Industry Interface Task Force of the California Strategic Planning Committee for Nursing developed descriptions to assist employers and educators in clearly differentiating practice and educational competencies. The completion of the Competency-Based Role Differentiation Model resulted in the need to test the model for its utility in the service setting, in education, and for career planning for nurses. Three alpha demonstration sites were selected based on representative geographical regions of California. The sites were composed of tri-partnerships consisting of a medical center, an associate degree in nursing program, and a baccalaureate nursing program. Observers rated senior students and new graduates in medical-surgical units on their behaviors in teacher and leadership care provider and care coordinator roles. The alpha demonstration study results were as expected. That is, senior students practice predominantly at a novice level in teacher and management/leadership care provider functions and new graduates practice predominately at the competent level. New graduates are more likely to take on novice and competent care coordinator roles. The CBRDM may be useful for practice and education settings to evaluate student and nurse performance, to define role expectations, and to identify the preparation necessary for the roles. It is useful for all of nursing as it continues to define its levels of practice and their relationship to on-the-job performance, curriculum development, and carrier planning. PMID:12790066

Keating, Sarah B; Rutledge, Dana N; Sargent, Arlene; Walker, Polly

2003-01-01

333

The promise of competency-based education in the health professions for improving global health.  

PubMed

Competency-based education (CBE) provides a useful alternative to time-based models for preparing health professionals and constructing educational programs. We describe the concept of 'competence' and 'competencies' as well as the critical curricular implications that derive from a focus on 'competence' rather than 'time'. These implications include: defining educational outcomes, developing individualized learning pathways, setting standards, and the centrality of valid assessment so as to reflect stakeholder priorities. We also highlight four challenges to implementing CBE: identifying the health needs of the community, defining competencies, developing self-regulated and flexible learning options, and assessing learners for competence. While CBE has been a prominent focus of educational reform in resource-rich countries, we believe it has even more potential to align educational programs with health system priorities in more resource-limited settings. Because CBE begins with a careful consideration of the competencies desired in the health professional workforce to address health care priorities, it provides a vehicle for integrating the health needs of the country with the values of the profession. PMID:23157696

Gruppen, Larry D; Mangrulkar, Rajesh S; Kolars, Joseph C

2012-01-01

334

Preceptors' views of assessing nursing students using a competency based approach.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical competence assessment in BSc nursing registration education programmes. This research was undertaken in two phases and incorporated both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. In the first phase, two focus groups were conducted with preceptors working in general, mental health and intellectual disability nursing (n=16). In the second phase, a survey was undertaken with preceptors (n=837) in these disciplines. This paper reports on the focus group findings of preceptors' views and experiences of assessing undergraduate nursing degree students using a competency based approach. A semi-structured interview guide was used to focus the discussions. Three higher order categories that emerged included: attitudes to competencies, being a preceptor and competencies in practice. Competing demands in the clinical environment impacted on preceptors' experiences of the assessment process. Difficulties such as the wording of competency documentation and incorporation of skills into the assessment were articulated. The importance of a regional and national review of competency assessment systems to find a common language for student assessment as well as promoting greater student skill development within competency frameworks is recommended. These findings; highlight the importance of making assessments more workable within the current environment and aim to inform future development of competence assessment. PMID:22640780

Cassidy, Irene; Butler, Mary Pat; Quillinan, Bernie; Egan, Geraldine; Mc Namara, Mary C; Tuohy, Dympna; Bradshaw, Carmel; Fahy, Anne; Connor, Maureen O'; Tierney, Catherine

2012-11-01

335

The promise of competency-based education in the health professions for improving global health  

PubMed Central

Competency-based education (CBE) provides a useful alternative to time-based models for preparing health professionals and constructing educational programs. We describe the concept of ‘competence’ and ‘competencies’ as well as the critical curricular implications that derive from a focus on ‘competence’ rather than ‘time’. These implications include: defining educational outcomes, developing individualized learning pathways, setting standards, and the centrality of valid assessment so as to reflect stakeholder priorities. We also highlight four challenges to implementing CBE: identifying the health needs of the community, defining competencies, developing self-regulated and flexible learning options, and assessing learners for competence. While CBE has been a prominent focus of educational reform in resource-rich countries, we believe it has even more potential to align educational programs with health system priorities in more resource-limited settings. Because CBE begins with a careful consideration of the competencies desired in the health professional workforce to address health care priorities, it provides a vehicle for integrating the health needs of the country with the values of the profession.

2012-01-01

336

A pilot experience with competency-based clinical skills assessment in a surgical clerkship.  

PubMed

This investigation examines a competency-based clinical skills assessment program for surgical clerks using checklists and rating forms for precise measurement of physical exam (PE) skills, physician-patient interaction (PPI) skills, and patient write-up (PW) skills. Analysis of variance demonstrated improvement in PW skills across the academic year when measured by the rating instrument, but this improvement was not detected on traditional subjective rating forms (SRF). PPI skills improved between first rotations across 2 academic years with the addition of orientation to expectations (mean, 79% versus 92%, P = 0.000). Poor correlation was noted between the National Board of Medical Examiners Surgery Subtest scores and PE skills (r = .19), PW skills (r = .20), and PPI skills (r = .15). While the overall ratings given by faculty on SRF correlated with the SRF ratings of PE skills (r = .77) and PPI skills (r = .58), these same faculty ratings correlated poorly with these skills as assessed by checklist (r = .16 and r = .14, respectively). This pilot experience demonstrates that PE skills, PW skills, and PPI skills (1) improve only with orientation to expectations and feedback, (2) correlate poorly with fund of knowledge assessment, and (3) are best assessed with precise measurement (eg, checklist, direct observation), which avoids the halo effect of overall evaluation that occurs with subjective rating forms. PMID:8209937

Dunnington, G L; Wright, K; Hoffman, K

1994-06-01

337

Competency-Based Reforms of the Undergraduate Biology Curriculum: Integrating the Physical and Biological Sciences  

PubMed Central

The National Experiment in Undergraduate Science Education project funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is a direct response to the Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians report, which urged a shift in premedical student preparation from a narrow list of specific course work to a more flexible curriculum that helps students develop broad scientific competencies. A consortium of four universities is working to create, pilot, and assess modular, competency-based curricular units that require students to use higher-order cognitive skills and reason across traditional disciplinary boundaries. Purdue University; the University of Maryland, Baltimore County; and the University of Miami are each developing modules and case studies that integrate the biological, chemical, physical, and mathematical sciences. The University of Maryland, College Park, is leading the effort to create an introductory physics for life sciences course that is reformed in both content and pedagogy. This course has prerequisites of biology, chemistry, and calculus, allowing students to apply strategies from the physical sciences to solving authentic biological problems. A comprehensive assessment plan is examining students’ conceptual knowledge of physics, their attitudes toward interdisciplinary approaches, and the development of specific scientific competencies. Teaching modules developed during this initial phase will be tested on multiple partner campuses in preparation for eventual broad dissemination.

Thompson, Katerina V.; Chmielewski, Jean; Gaines, Michael S.; Hrycyna, Christine A.; LaCourse, William R.

2013-01-01

338

A Delphi study to construct a CanMEDS competence based inventory applicable for workplace assessment  

PubMed Central

Background During workplace based learning students develop professional competences and an appropriate performance. To gain insight in the learning process and to evaluate competences and performance, assessment tools are essential and need to be of good quality. We aimed to construct a competence inventory applicable as an instrument to measure the content validity of workplace based assessment tools, such as portfolio. Methods A Delphi study was carried out based on the CanMEDS Roles Framework. In three rounds, experts (N?=?25–30) were invited to score the key competences per CanMEDS role on relevance (6-point Likert-scale), and to comment on the content and formulation bearing in mind its use in workplace based assessment. A descriptive analysis of relevances and comments was performed. Results Although all competences were scored as relevant, many comments pointed at a lack of concrete, transparent and applicable descriptions of the key competences for the purpose of assessment. Therefore, the CanMEDS roles were reformulated in this Delphi procedure as concrete learning outcomes, observable and suitable for workplace based assessment. Conclusions A competence based inventory, ready for validating workplace based assessment tools, was constructed using a Delphi procedure and based on a clarification and concretisation of the CanMEDS roles.

2012-01-01

339

An international survey of training in adult intensive care medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this international survey of training in adult intensive care medicine (ICM) was to characterise current structures, processes, and outcomes to determine the potential for convergence to a common competency-based training programme across national borders. This survey is the first phase of a 3 year project which will use con- sensus methods to build an interna- tional

H. Barrett; J. F. Bion

2005-01-01

340

An Open Trial of In-Home CBT for Depressed Mothers in Home Visitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has demonstrated that low income mothers participating in home visitation programs have high rates of depression.\\u000a This study used an open trial design to evaluate In-Home Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (IH-CBT), an evidence-based treatment\\u000a for depression that is delivered in the home setting and has been adapted to address the needs of low income mothers participating\\u000a in home visitation. 64

Robert T. AmmermanFrank; Frank W. Putnam; Jack StevensNicole; Nicole R. Bosse; Jodie A. Short; Amy L. Bodley; Judith B. Van Ginkel

341

Group membership and staff turnover affect outcomes in group CBT for persistent pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of two contextual factors, group membership and staff turnover, on the outcome of group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for persistent pain were investigated. The data came from end of treatment and 1 month follow-up assessments of 3050 individuals who attended an intensive group programme over 16 years. Intraclass correlations (ICC) showed significant intragroup effects on self-efficacy (ICC=0.16 at

Amanda C. de C. Williams; Henry W. W. Potts

2010-01-01

342

Isothermal and non-isothermal crystallisation kinetics of pCBT and PBT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crystallisation behaviour of in situ polymerised cyclic butylene terephthalates (pCBT) and poly(butylene terephthalate)s\\u000a (PBT) were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) both under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. The crystallisation\\u000a was analysed by adopting the Avrami, Ozawa and Kissinger methods for the isothermal and non-isothermal crystallisations, respectively.\\u000a An Avrami exponent n between 2 and 3 was found for the pCBTs

B. Lehmann; J. Karger-Kocsis

2009-01-01

343

Workplace Training Project, Eugene, Oregon. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Workplace Training Project began as a partnership between Lane Community College in Eugene, Oregon, and four area businesses. Their primary objective was to develop worksite-specific, learner-centered, competency-based workplace curricula in topics such as the following: basic math, fractions and measurement in the workplace, survival math for…

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

344

Treating Anxiety Disorders in Inner City Schools: Results from a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing CBT and Usual Care  

PubMed Central

Background The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) in inner city schools, when delivered by novice CBT clinicians, and compared to usual care (UC), is unknown. Objective This pilot study addressed this issue by comparing a modular CBT for anxiety disorders to UC in a sample of 32 volunteer youth (mean age 10.28 years, 63% female, 84% African American) seen in school-based mental health programs. Methods Youth were randomly assigned to CBT (n = 17) or UC (n = 15); independent evaluators conducted diagnostic interviews with children and parents at pre- and post-intervention, and at a one-month follow-up. Results Based on intent-to-treat analyses, no differences were found in response rates between groups with 50 and 42% of the children in CBT, compared to 46 and 57% in UC no longer meeting criteria for an anxiety disorder at post-treatment and follow-up respectively. Similar improvements in global functioning were also found in both treatment groups. Baseline predictors of a positive treatment response included lower anxiety, fewer maladaptive thoughts, less exposure to urban hassles, and lower levels of parenting stress. Therapist use of more CBT session structure elements and greater competence in implementing these elements was also related to a positive treatment response. Conclusions Findings from this small pilot failed to show that CBT was superior to UC when delivered by school-based clinicians. Large scale comparative effectiveness trials are needed to determine whether CBT leads to superior clinical outcomes prior to dissemination.

Becker, Kimberly D.; Drazdowski, Tess K.; Tein, Jenn-Yun

2012-01-01

345

The development of a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for BSN graduates.  

PubMed

Under the current nursing education system in Taiwan, a fair and objective evaluation of group health teaching competency has been lacking for a long time. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for baccalaureate graduates. Action research was the main research methodology used in this study. The research consisted of two phases. In the first phase, a development committee was established. Based on routine discussions, literature reviews and realistic cases, a draft examination model with quasi-clinical situation model content and procedure was developed. Examination Facility Preparations, Simulated Scenarios and Client Recruitments, Examination Result Evaluation (evaluated by teachers) and Learning Guidelines were also prepared. This draft was reviewed twice for expert opinion, a pilot test was done and both the draft and pilot testing were reviewed again before the draft was finalized. The second phase involved refining the examination model by actually practicing the completed draft examination model in a simulated group-teaching setting in order to examine the model's reliability and validity. Fifteen people were involved in this experiment: three nursing personnel each having at least two years' clinical and teaching experience; three nursing students who did not have actual clinical experience and had not taken the course of teaching principles; three senior teachers; and six virtual patients. The responses from the nursing personnel, nursing students, teachers, and virtual patients who participated in the testing were gathered and integrated to refine the model. The model has content, expert and discriminative validity. The reliability of the model was proven by the high consistency in administration and scoring of the model by clinical examiners. This examination model is not only applicable for the proof of students' credit point exemption, but also as an alternative option for examining nursing personnel in traditional nursing education and practice. PMID:19061174

Tai, Chun-Yi; Chung, Ue-Lin

2008-12-01

346

Development and Initial Validation of a Client-Rated MET-CBT Adherence Measure  

PubMed Central

Traditional mechanisms for rating adherence or fidelity are labor-intensive. We developed and validated a tool to rate adherence to Motivational Enhancement Therapy—Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (MET-CBT) through anonymous client surveys. The instrument was used to survey clients in 3 methadone programs over 2 waves. Explanatory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses were used to establish construct validity for both MET and CBT. Internal consistency based on Cronbach’s alpha was within adequate range (? > 0.70) for all but 2 of the subscales in one of the samples. Consensus between clients’ ratings (rwg(j) scores) were in the range of 0.6 and higher, indicating a moderate to strong degree of agreement among clients’ ratings of the same counselor. These results suggest that client surveys could be used to measure adherence to MET-CBT for quality monitoring that is more objective than counselor self-report and less resource-intensive than supervisor review of taped sessions. However, additional work is needed to develop this scale.

Ulaszek, Wendy R.; Lin, Hsiu-Ju; Frisman, Linda K.; Sampl, Susan; Godley, Susan Harrington; Steinberg-Gallucci, Karen L.; Kamon, Jody L.; O'Hagan-Lynch, Margaret

2012-01-01

347

Contradictions in the Practices of Training for and Assessment of Competency: A Case Study from the Maritime Domain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the contradictions in the current maritime education and training system (MET), which is based on competency-based education, training and assessment, and to theorize the failure to make the training useful. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of education and training in the international…

Emad, Gholamreza; Roth, Wolff Michael

2008-01-01

348

Individual Differences and Learning Performance in Computer-based Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work is in support of a multi-year project to evaluate 'people- centered' aspects of computer-based training (CBT) or technology assisted instruction. The core component of the work will be developing a longitudinal database that will include individ...

A. B. Hyneman D. L. Alderton R. A. Schultz

2011-01-01

349

Coached, Interactive Computer Simulations: A New Technology for Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of a prototype simulation-centered intelligent computer-based training (CBT) system--implemented using expert system technology--which provides: (1) an environment in which trainees can learn and practice complex skills; (2) a computer-based coach or mentor to critique performance, suggest improvements, and provide…

Hummel, Thomas J.

350

The Dietary Effects of Fermented Chlorella vulgaris (CBT®) on Production Performance, Liver Lipids and Intestinal Microflora in Laying Hens  

PubMed Central

Fermented Chlorella vulgaris CBT® was evaluated for its effects on egg production, egg quality, liver lipids and intestinal microflora in laying hens. One hundred and eight Hy-line Brown layers (n = 108), 80 wk of age, were fed a basal diet supplemented with CBT® at the level of 0, 1,000 or 2,000 mg/kg, respectively for 42 d. Egg production was measured daily and egg quality was measured every two weeks. Five eggs from each replicate were collected randomly to determine egg quality. Egg production increased linearly with increasing levels of CBT® supplementation (p<0.05), although there was no significant effect of treatment on feed intake. Egg yolk color (p<0.001) and Haugh unit (p<0.01) improved linearly with increasing dietary CBT®. Hepatic triacylglycerol level was linearly decreased with increasing dietary CBT® (p<0.05). The supplemental CBT® resulted in linear (p<0.001) and quadratic (p<0.01) response in population of cecal lactic acid bacteria. In conclusion, fermented Chlorella vulgaris supplemented to laying hen diets improved egg production, egg yolk color, Haugh unit and positively affected the contents of hepatic triacylglycerol and the profiles of cecal microflora.

Zheng, L.; Oh, S. T.; Jeon, J. Y.; Moon, B. H.; Kwon, H. S.; Lim, S. U.; An, B. K.; Kang, C. W.

2012-01-01

351

Purpose, Value and Competence: Contextualising Competence-Based Assessment in the Civil Aviation Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the training and assessment of air traffic controllers illustrated how context, especially of specific occupations, affects the purpose and design of qualifications as well as the value attached to them by recipients and employers. (SK)

Fuller, Alison

1995-01-01

352

Large Scale Cooling in Tertiary Central Europe as inferred by the MBT/CBT Paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth's climate experienced dramatic changes throughout the last 65 Ma. Starting at the Paleocene/Eocene thermal maximum, the global climate underwent a gradual cooling that eventually resulted in the glaciations in the Neogene. Most reconstructions of climate variability are derived from the marine realm using global deep sea oxygen isotope curves or molecular paleotemperature proxies. In contrast, only little information on the changes of the continental climate is available, which is mainly due to a lack of continuous high resolution records and suitable quantitative temperature proxies. The MBT/CBT paleothermometer is a novel temperature proxy based on temperature-driven changes in the branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) content of soil-living bacteria. These changes have been demonstrated to correlate well with ambient air temperature and the MBT/CBT proxy has thus been used to reconstruct paleotemperature records of terrestrial as well as coastal marine sediments (1). In this study, we employed the MBT/CBT paleothermometer on a number of maar lake deposits that - due to their exceptional well preserved organic matter content and finely-laminated sediments - comprise excellent archives of a continental climate. The analysed lacustrine deposits were all situated in the middle European Tertiary volcanic belt and ranged in age from the Early Eocene to the Late Oligocene, allowing for the detailed reconstruction of climate evolution of the Central European continent. Calculated mean annual air temperatures (MAAT) of the Messel oil shale, deposited during the Eocene climate optimum, averaged at 25 °C. This agrees well with previous temperature estimates based on paleontological observations, suggesting a paratropical climate in Eocene Central Europe with an average air temperature of ca. 25-30 °C (2). In contrast, to the green house period of the Early Eocene, the climate of the Oligocene was significantly cooler reflected by low MAAT of 8-15 °C in the lacustrine deposit of Lake Enspel (Westerwald, Germany). These MBT/CBT-derived air temperatures are similar to those previously reconstructed using floral elements of the Enspel deposit (3). Our results thus suggest that the paleotemperature trends of the Central European continent, based on the distribution of branched GDGTs in Tertiary lacustrine deposits, resemble those previously obtained from the marine realm and that the MBT/CBT proxy might be a valuable tool for reconstructing terrestrial paleoclimate records. References (1) Donders et al. (2007) EPSL 281, 215-225 (2) Wilde (1989) Cour. Forsch. Senk 115, 1-213 (3) Herrmann (2007) PhD Thesis, Tübingen University

Bauersachs, T.; Schouten, S.; Schwark, L.

2011-12-01

353

Internationalisation of Vocational Education and Training: An Adapting Curve for Teachers and Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency-based training and training packages are mandatory for Australian vocational education and training (VET). VET qualifications are designed to provide learners with skills, knowledge, and attributes required for Australian workplaces. Yet, toward the end of December 2011, there were 171,237 international student enrolments in the…

Tran, Ly Thi

2013-01-01

354

Guide to the Administration of Adult Vocational Education. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help secondary and postsecondary vocational-technical administrators plan, implement, and maintain occupational training programs that would meet the needs of adults. Because the educational market is changing, the educational sector must change accordingly. Chapter I of part 1, which focuses on adult education, attempts…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

355

Competency-Based Common-Core Curriculum for Emergency Medical Technician Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains a listing of all common-core competencies that should be taught in Arizona community colleges in order to prepare students to meet the requirements of basic and refresher emergency medical technician training. Identified through a statewide project, the competencies cover the following topics: introduction to…

Arizona State Board of Directors for Community Colleges, Phoenix.

356

Using Rubrics to Support Graded Assessment in a Competency Based Environment. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rubrics are a tool that can be used to provide graded assessment for articulation from vocational education and training (VET) into higher education. By mentoring teachers to use rubrics and interviewing them to determine their experiences in using them, the author explored the potential of rubrics as an assessment tool. Overall, teachers found…

Maxwell, Sherridan

2010-01-01

357

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

Dimanche, Maurice

358

Developing Competency-Based Methods for Near-Real-Time Air Combat Problem Solving Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Air combat scenarios present unique problems where the solution is not obvious. An advanced networked simulation environment can be used to train high-level cognitive air combat skills such as problem solving. A problem in the development of principled an...

B. T. Schreiber D. H. Andrews J. W. Bennett

2002-01-01

359

Mindfulness Training and Stress Reactivity in Substance Abuse: Results from A Randomized, Controlled Stage I Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Background Stress is important in substance use disorders (SUDs). Mindfulness training (MT) has shown promise for stress-related maladies. No studies have compared MT to empirically-validated treatments for SUDs. Goals to assess MT compared to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in substance use and treatment acceptability, and specificity of MT compared to CBT in targeting stress reactivity. Methods 36 individuals with alcohol and/or cocaine use disorders were randomly assigned to receive group MT or CBT in an outpatient setting. Drug use was assessed weekly. After treatment, responses to personalized stress provocation were measured. Results Fourteen individuals completed treatment. There were no differences in treatment satisfaction, or drug use between groups. The laboratory paradigm suggested reduced psychological and physiological indices of stress during provocation in MT compared to CBT. Conclusions This pilot study provides evidence of the feasibility of MT in treating SUDs and suggests that MT may be efficacious in targeting stress.

Brewer, Judson A.; Sinha, Rajita; Chen, Justin A.; Michalsen, Ravenna N.; Babuscio, Theresa A.; Nich, Charla; Grier, Aleesha; Bergquist, Keri L.; Reis, Deidre L.; Potenza, Marc N.; Carroll, Kathleen M.; Rounsaville, Bruce J.

2011-01-01

360

Computer-based and web-based applications for night vision goggle training  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Night vision goggles (NVGs) can enhance military and civilian operations at night. With this increased capability comes the requirement to provide suitable training. Results from field experience and accident analyses suggest that problems experienced by NVG users can be attributed to a limited understanding of NVG limitations and to perceptual problems. In addition, there is evidence that NVG skills are perishable and require frequent practice. Format training is available to help users obtain the required knowledge and skills. However, there often is insufficient opportunity to obtain and practice perceptual skills prior to using NVGs in the operational environment. NVG users need early and continued exposure to the night environment across a broad range of visual and operational conditions to develop and maintain the necessary knowledge and perceptual skills. NVG training has consisted of classroom instruction, hands-on training, and simulator training. Advances in computer-based training (CBT) and web-based training (WBT) have made these technologies very appealing as additions to the NVG training mix. This paper discusses our efforts to develop NVG training using multimedia, interactive CBT and WBT for NVG training. We discuss how NVG CBT and WBT can be extended to military and civilian ground, maritime, and aviation NVG training.

Ruffner, John W.; Woodward, Kim G.

2001-08-01

361

Adopting e-Learning Standards in Health Care: Competency-based Learning in the Medical Informatics Domain  

PubMed Central

Like many forms of education, health professions education is increasingly competency-based. At the same time, there is growing use of e-learning technologies, which can be linked to competencies via emerging e-learning standards. Health care has been slow to adopt competencies and e-learning standards. We report our efforts to facilitate access to competencies and e-learning content in the medical informatics domain, linked by content-competency associations, based on standards developed by the MedBiquitous Consortium. We demonstrate that such standards can be successfully used and their implementation in other domains is warranted.

Hersh, William R.; Bhupatiraju, Ravi Teja; Greene, Peter S.; Smothers, Valerie; Cohen, Cheryl

2006-01-01

362

Cognitive bibliotherapy and memory training for older adults with depressive symptoms.  

PubMed

Objectives: Substantial evidence indicates that depressed participants perform more poorly than nondepressed participants on a number of memory tasks. Cognitive deficits associated with depression (i.e., poor allocation of attention, poor encoding strategies), may help explain why depressed older adults are particularly prone to evidence poorer memory performance. Method: The present study compared the impact of two self-administered treatment protocols, cognitive bibliotherapy for depression plus memory training (CBT + MT) and cognitive bibliotherapy alone (CBT), to a wait-list control condition on measures of memory functioning and depression in a group of older adults experiencing depressive symptoms and memory complaints. Results: Results provide partial support for CBT as a treatment for depressive symptoms; however, memory training augmentation did not produce improvements. Conclusion: Suggestions for improving retention of older adults in self-administered treatments are discussed. PMID:24073847

Scogin, Forrest; Fairchild, J Kaci; Yon, Adriana; Welsh, Douglas L; Presnell, Andrew

2014-07-01

363

Revised calibration of the MBT-CBT paleotemperature proxy based on branched tetraether membrane lipids in surface soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MBT-CBT proxy for the reconstruction of paleotemperatures and past soil pH is based on the distribution of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (brGDGT) membrane lipids. The Methylation of Branched Tetraether (MBT) and the Cyclisation of Branched Tetraether (CBT) indices were developed to quantify these distributions, and significant empirical relations between these indices and annual mean air temperature (MAT) and/or soil pH were found in a large data set of soils. In this study, we extended this soil dataset to 278 globally distributed surface soils. Of these soils, 26% contains all nine brGDGTs, while in 63% of the soils the seven most common brGDGTs were detected, and the latter were selected for calibration purposes. This resulted in new transfer functions for the reconstruction of pH based on the CBT index: pH = 7.90-1.97 × CBT (r2 = 0.70; RMSE = 0.8; n = 176), as well as for MAT based on the CBT index and methylation index based on the seven most abundant GDGTs (defined as MBT'): MAT = 0.81-5.67 × CBT + 31.0 × MBT' (r2 = 0.59; RMSE = 5.0 °C; n = 176). The new transfer function for MAT has a substantially lower correlation coefficient than the original equation (r2 = 0.77). To investigate possible improvement of the correlation, we used our extended global surface soil dataset to statistically derive the indices that best describe the relations of brGDGT composition with MAT and soil pH. These new indices, however, resulted in only a relatively minor increase in correlation coefficients, while they cannot be explained straightforwardly by physiological mechanisms. The large scatter in the calibration cannot be fully explained by local factors or by seasonality, but MAT for soils from arid regions are generally substantially (up to 20 °C) underestimated, suggesting that absolute brGDGT-based temperature records for these areas should be interpreted with caution. The applicability of the new MBT'-CBT calibration function was tested using previously published MBT-CBT-derived paleotemperature records covering the last deglaciation in Central Africa and East Asia, the Eocene-Oligocene boundary and the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. The results show that trends remain similar in all records, but that absolute temperature estimates and the amplitude of temperature changes are lower for most records, and generally in better agreement with independent proxy data.

Peterse, Francien; van der Meer, Jaap; Schouten, Stefan; Weijers, Johan W. H.; Fierer, Noah; Jackson, Robert B.; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

2012-11-01

364

Oral Rehydration Therapy and the Control of Diarrheal Diseases. Training for Development. Peace Corps Information Collection & Exchange Training Manual No. T-34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was developed to train Peace Corps volunteers and other community health workers in oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and the control of diarrheal diseases. Using a competency-based format, the manual contains six training modules (organized in 22 sessions) that focus on interrelated health education and technical content areas. Each…

Clark, Mari; And Others

365

University students’ views about compatibility of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) with their personal, social and religious values (a study from Pakistan)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) in its current form might not be applicable in non Western cultures. Differences between Western and non Western cultures have been reported widely. Psychotherapy was developed in the West and is underpinned by many beliefs which might be specific only to the Western culture. However, in order to modify CBT, we need to understand whether the

Farooq Naeem; Mary Gobbi; Muhammad Ayub; David Kingdon

2009-01-01

366

Effectiveness of computer-based training for improving detection of Improvised Explosive Devices by screeners is highly dependent on the types of IEDS used during training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several previous studies have shown that threat detection performance of X-ray operators can be increased substantially if computer-based training (CBT) is used. This applies particularly to objects that are never or rarely encountered at a security checkpoint as for example Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). However, little is known so far about the importance of using different types of IEDs in

Diana Hardmeier; Moritz Jaeger; Rebekka Schibli; Adrian Schwaninger

2010-01-01

367

An Internal Evaluation of a Field-Based Training Component for School Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project ROME-FOCUS (Field-Oriented Competency Utilization System), a competency-based, field-oriented, training program for school administrators was field tested at Valdosta State College, Valdosta, Georgia, January - May, 1976. An internal evaluation conducted by the instructional staff suggested that principals preferred ROME-FOCUS training to…

Licata, Joseph W.

368

Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel. Level III - Expert Welders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help education and training facilities develop and administer competency-based training programs to qualify and certify trainees in accordance with American Welding Society (AWS) requirements for level III (expert) welders. Presented first are the scope/objectives/requirements of the AWS qualification/certification…

American Welding Society, Miami, FL.

369

Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel. Level II - Advanced Welders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help education and training facilities develop and administer competency-based training programs to qualify and certify trainees in accordance with the American Welding Society (AWS) requirements for level II (advanced) welders. Presented first are the scope, objectives, and requirements of the AWS…

American Welding Society, Miami, FL.

370

Assessment of Multiple Physician Competencies in Postgraduate Training: Utility of the Structured Oral Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency based medical education involves assessing physicians-in-training in multiple roles. Training programs are challenged by the need to introduce appropriate yet feasible assessment methods. We therefore examined the utility of a structured oral examination (SOE) in the assessment of the 7 CanMEDS roles (Medical Expert, Communicator,…

Jefferies, Ann; Simmons, Brian; Ng, Eugene; Skidmore, Martin

2011-01-01

371

75 FR 11561 - Solicitation for a Cooperative Agreement-Training for Executive Excellence: Leadership Style and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Instrumentation Curriculum Development AGENCY: National Institute...applications for the development of a competency based...partnerships in the external environment. DATES: Applications...web- based training environment (e.g. WebEx) or...foundation for the development of the training...

2010-03-11

372

Workplace Training Project at Lane Community College. Guide for Instructors and Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed for workplace instructors involved in the Workplace Training Project. The Workplace Training Project was conducted by Lane Community College in Eugene, Oregon, in partnership with four area businesses to develop learner-centered competency-based workplace curricula covering the following topics: basic math, fractions and…

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

373

Combined Medication and CBT for Generalized Anxiety Disorder With African American Participants: Reliability and Validity of Assessments and Preliminary Outcomes.  

PubMed

Using data from a study of combined cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and venlafaxine XR in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), the current article examines the reliability and convergent validity of scales, and preliminary outcomes, for African American compared with European American patients. Internal consistency and short-term stability coefficients for African Americans (n=42) were adequate and similar or higher compared with those found for European Americans (n=164) for standard scales used in GAD treatment research. Correlations among outcome measures among African Americans were in general not significantly different for African Americans compared with European Americans. A subset of patients with DSM-IV-diagnosed GAD (n=24 African Americans; n=52 European Americans) were randomly selected to be offered the option of adding 12 sessions of CBT to venlafaxine XR treatment. Of those offered CBT, 33.3% (n=8) of the African Americans and 32.6% (n=17) of the European Americans accepted and attended at least one CBT treatment session. The outcomes for African Americans receiving combined treatment were not significantly different from European Americans receiving combined treatment on primary or secondary efficacy measures. PMID:24912462

Markell, Hannah M; Newman, Michelle G; Gallop, Robert; Gibbons, Mary Beth Connolly; Rickels, Karl; Crits-Christoph, Paul

2014-07-01

374

Adult Basic Skills Instructor Training and Experiential Learning Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency-based training workshops based on Kolb's experiential learning theory were held for North Carolina adult basic education teachers; 251 attended 1-day sessions and 91 a week-long summer institute. Topics included interpersonal communication, reading, numeracy, language arts, math, assessment, and program evaluation. (SK)

Marlowe, Mike; And Others

1991-01-01

375

New Perspectives on Skill, Learning and Training: A Viewpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A germ cell model of development based on a cognitive view of learning is used to propose that the cognitive skills needed in today's workplace necessitate reconceptualizing skill acquisition, learning, and training. The model is contrasted with the limitations of competency-based, behaviorist approaches. (SK)

O'Donnell, David; Garavan, Thomas N.

1997-01-01

376

Vocational Education and Training in Denmark. Short Description  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational education and training in Denmark has embarked on a process of modernisation aiming at, primarily, increasing flexibility, and individualisation, quality and efficiency. Assessment and recognition of informal and non-formal learning, competence-based curricula, innovative approaches to teaching, and increased possibilities for partial…

Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012

2012-01-01

377

Adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies: Interactive effects during CBT for social anxiety disorder.  

PubMed

There has been a increasing interest in understanding emotion regulation deficits in social anxiety disorder (SAD; e.g., Hofmann, Sawyer, Fang, & Asnaani, 2012). However, much remains to be understood about the patterns of associations among regulation strategies in the repertoire. Doing so is important in light of the growing recognition that people's ability to flexibly implement strategies is associated with better mental health (e.g., Kashdan et al., 2014). Based on previous work (Aldao & Nolen-Hoeksema, 2012), we examined whether putatively adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies interacted with each other in the prediction of social anxiety symptoms in a sample of 71 participants undergoing CBT for SAD. We found that strategies interacted with each other and that this interaction was qualified by a three-way interaction with a contextual factor, namely treatment study phase. Consequently, these findings underscore the importance of modeling contextual factors when seeking to understand emotion regulation deficits in SAD. PMID:24742755

Aldao, Amelia; Jazaieri, Hooria; Goldin, Philippe R; Gross, James J

2014-05-01

378

Glacial-interglacial continental temperature variability in the Beringian Arctic: the MBT/CBT record of Lake El'gygytgyn  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009, deep drilling at El'gygytgyn Crater Lake (Far East Russian Arctic) recovered sediments covering the past 3.6 Ma. These sediments provide the first terrestrial Arctic paleoclimate record spanning the Pliocene-Pleistocene from the largest and oldest unglaciated Arctic lake basin. Lake El'gygytgyn sediments thus offer a unique opportunity to examine high-latitude climate variability beyond the 100 Ka interval captured by Greenland ice core records. In this study we utilize an organic geochemical paleothermometer, the MBT/CBT Index based on branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs; Weijers et al., 2007), to examine continental temperature variability during several key time intervals of interest. In particular, we focus on Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 1-6, MIS 9-11, MIS 31 and during the earliest formation of lacustrine sediments in the impact basin in the middle Pliocene. Previous work on Lake El'gygytgyn sediments has identified MIS 11c and MIS 31 as "super" interglacials, which were characterized by significantly warmer temperatures than at present largely based on pollen spectra and modern analog analysis (Melles et al., 2012). Our results show that relative changes in MBT/CBT-derived temperatures display similar overall patterns of glacial-interglacial climate variability noted in temperature reconstructions from Lake El'gygytgyn (Melles et al., 2012) as well as Greenland ice core records, North Atlantic sea surface temperature records (e.g. Lawrence et al., 2010), and the global benthic ?18O stack (Lisiecki and Raymo, 2005). We demonstrate that MBT/CBT is a sensitive proxy for recording temperature variability at Lake El'gygytgyn. Interestingly, while pronounced warming is noted during interglacials, a number of abrupt and short-lived temperature reversals are also observed within these intervals, such as during MIS 5a and MIS 5e. Overall, we find that MBT/CBT temperatures closely track changes in local summer insolation at 67°N, in agreement with numerous other proxy reconstructions from the lake (e.g. Melles et al., 2012). We note that before absolute temperatures can be reconstructed from Lake El'gygytgyn, a site-specific MBT/CBT calibration is required. We are currently investigating this by examining MBT/CBT in surface sediment and sediment trap samples from the lake. Overall, application of the MBT/CBT paleothermometer to Lake El'gygytgyn sediments appears to be a promising technique for generating a high-resolution Plio-Pleistocene continental temperature record from the western Arctic.

Castaneda, I. S.; Finkelstein, D. B.; Phu, V.; Brigham-Grette, J.; Wilkie, K. M.; D'anjou, R. M.; Wei, J. H.; Urann, B. M.

2012-12-01

379

Artifacts of the electrode in cochlea implantation and limits in analysis of deep insertion in cone beam tomography (CBT).  

PubMed

Until now more than 250,000 cochlea implantations have been performed worldwide. The surgical procedure is well standardized. A discussion about the kind of postoperative radiological control has started since cone beam tomography (CBT) has been established in ENT and hearing preservation operations have come more into the focus. Further research has been concentrated on the role of CBT and the insertion of the basal turn. The aim of this study was to look for the possibilities of CBT and deep insertion. The second aim was to analyze the artifacts of cochlea implants in CBT. Three human cadaver ears were implanted with a flex soft electrode of MedEl© in a standard operation procedure with round window insertion and a full insertion. Afterwards 72 CBT sets per ear were performed with different X-ray-tube currents (2-10 mA), voltages (72-90 kV), and exposure times (9 and 17 s). On each data set, the radiological diameter of the electrode 9 (basal), electrode 2 (apical), the diameter of the cable next to the electrodes 9 and 2, and the associated diameter of the cochlea next to the electrodes 9 and 2 were evaluated. Additionally, a comparison to the real diameter was done. The mean radiological diameters of the measure point at electrode 9 were: electrode = 1.19 mm; cable = 0.65 mm; cochlea = 1.77 mm. Results for measure point at electrode 2 were: electrode = 0.98 mm; cable = 0.48 mm; cochlea = 1.21 mm. The real diameters were at electrode 9 in lateral view 0.58 mm and in top view 0.63 mm and at electrode 2 in lateral view 0.36 mm and in top view 0.50 mm. Differences between the diameters of the electrode 9 and 2 were highly significant. Interestingly, the real diameter of the electrode is half in comparison to the radiological one. Also in comparison to the diameter of the cable and the associated electrode is nearly half. Nearly 50% artifact exists on radiologic evaluation of the diameter of the electrode. Varying the X-ray adjustments did not lead to optimized results. The difficulties in evaluating a cochlea electrode with CBT could be shown. The high rate of artifacts (50%) makes it extremely difficult to predict the inserted scale, especially when evaluating the intracochlear position in the medial and apical turn of the cochlea. In conclusion, until now CBT allows a relatively safe evaluation of the electrode in the basal turn, whereas in deep insertion it is not really a useful tool to answer the question of insertion trauma, implanted scale, or scale displacements. PMID:21805178

Güldner, C; Wiegand, S; Weiss, R; Bien, S; Sesterhenn, A; Teymoortash, A; Diogo, I

2012-03-01

380

Effectiveness of brief training in cognitive behaviour therapy techniques for palliative care practitioners.  

PubMed

We describe training in CBT techniques for 20 palliative care practitioners delivered as 12 days' equivalent teaching plus skills-building supervision over a six month period. Audiotapes of trainees' interactions with patients during their usual work were rated using a specially devised 'Cognitive First Aid' rating scale (CFARS). The CFARS was highly internally consistent (Cronbach's Alpha 0.93) and inter-rater reliability was high. Trainees showed significant gain in CBT skills competency over six months (p=0.001). After initial training, half the trainees were randomised to discontinue supervision; their measured CBT skill dropped as did their self-reported confidence when reassessed six months later, whereas those who continued in supervision gained further skill and maintained confidence (p=0.007). Palliative care practitioners can be trained in CBT skills by a simple and brief training course and supportive, skills-building supervision. These skills are compatible with national guidelines on delivery of psychological support to patients at all stages of cancer. Supervision is necessary to ensure maintenance of skills and confidence to use them. PMID:17060250

Mannix, Kathryn A; Blackburn, Ivy Marie; Garland, Anne; Gracie, Jennifer; Moorey, Stirling; Reid, Barbara; Standart, Sally; Scott, Jan

2006-09-01

381

Tailored cognitive-behavioural therapy and exercise training improves the physical fitness of patients with fibromyalgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: Patients with fibromyalgia have diminished levels of physical fitness, which may lead to functional disability and exacerbating complaints. Multidisciplinary treatment comprising cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and exercise training has been shown to be effective in improving physical fitness. However, due to the high drop-out rates and large variability in patients' functioning, it was proposed that a tailored treatment approach might

S. Spillekom-van Koulil; W. G. J. M. van Lankveld; F. W. Kraaimaat; T. van Helmond; A. Vedder; H. van Hoorn; A. R. T. Donders; L. Wirken; H. Cats; A. W. M. Evers

2011-01-01

382

CBT-based group therapy intervention for nonepileptic attacks and other functional neurological symptoms: A pilot study.  

PubMed

Despite the high prevalence and disabling nature of nonepileptic attacks (NEAs) and other types of functional neurological symptoms (FNSs), treatment trials are few. Preliminary evidence supports the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) approaches, and CBT-based group therapies have the potential to improve cost-effectiveness and deliverability of treatment. This pilot study was undertaken to evaluate whether CBT-based group therapy would offer a feasible treatment option for patients with NEAs and other FNSs. We evaluated the outcomes of an information and management intervention within a neuropsychiatry service, which included weekly CBT-based group therapy sessions for patients with NEAs and other FNSs. Outcomes pertaining to quality of life and physical and emotional well-being were measured using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale. Data were collected from 16 patients, of whom 10 presented with NEAs. Significant improvements were selectively reported in the 'emotional well-being' (p=0.04) and 'role limitation due to emotional well-being' (p=0.04) subscores of the SF-36. Improvements in overall quality-of-life scores (p=0.22), as well as in HADS anxiety (p=0.34) and depression (p=0.46) scores, did not reach statistical significance. These trends were supported by a positive mean CGI improvement scale score of 2.4, indicating minimal-to-considerable improvement. Group therapy intervention with a CBT-based approach is a feasible treatment option in the management of NEAs and other FNSs, as shown by significant improvements in emotional domains of quality of life in this low power pilot study. PMID:24717763

Conwill, Martin; Oakley, Louise; Evans, Kerry; Cavanna, Andrea E

2014-05-01

383

Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum.

2012-01-01

384

Mindfulness training improves attentional task performance in incarcerated youth: a group randomized controlled intervention trial  

PubMed Central

We investigated the impact of cognitive behavioral therapy and mindfulness training (CBT/MT) on attentional task performance in incarcerated adolescents. Attention is a cognitive system necessary for managing cognitive demands and regulating emotions. Yet persistent and intensive demands, such as those experienced during high-stress intervals like incarceration and the events leading to incarceration, may deplete attention resulting in cognitive failures, emotional disturbances, and impulsive behavior. We hypothesized that CBT/MT may mitigate these deleterious effects of high stress and protect against degradation in attention over the high-stress interval of incarceration. Using a quasi-experimental, group randomized controlled trial design, we randomly assigned dormitories of incarcerated youth, ages 16–18, to a CBT/MT intervention (youth n = 147) or an active control intervention (youth n = 117). Both arms received approximately 750 min of intervention in a small-group setting over a 3–5 week period. Youth in the CBT/MT arm also logged the amount of out-of-session time spent practicing MT exercises. The Attention Network Test was used to index attentional task performance at baseline and 4 months post-baseline. Overall, task performance degraded over time in all participants. The magnitude of performance degradation was significantly less in the CBT/MT vs. control arm. Further, within the CBT/MT arm, performance degraded over time in those with no outside-of-class practice time, but remained stable over time in those who practiced mindfulness exercises outside of the session meetings. Thus, these findings suggest that sufficient CBT/MT practice may protect against functional attentional impairments associated with high-stress intervals.

Leonard, Noelle R.; Jha, Amishi P.; Casarjian, Bethany; Goolsarran, Merissa; Garcia, Cristina; Cleland, Charles M.; Gwadz, Marya V.; Massey, Zohar

2013-01-01

385

Reductions in negative repetitive thinking and metacognitive beliefs during transdiagnostic internet cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) for mixed anxiety and depression.  

PubMed

We explored whether transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) for mixed anxiety and depression effectively reduces repetitive negative thinking (RNT), and whether reductions in RNT and positive metacognitive beliefs mediate symptom improvement during iCBT. Participants with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), major depressive disorder (MDD), or mixed GAD/MDD diagnoses were randomly allocated to a 6-lesson clinician-guided iCBT anxiety and depression program (n = 46) or wait-list control (WLC, n = 53). Depression (PHQ-9), generalized anxiety (GAD-7), RNT (Repetitive Thinking Questionnaire) and positive beliefs about RNT (Positive Beliefs about Rumination Scale) were assessed at pre-, mid-, and post-treatment or matched time points for WLC. Tests of serial indirect effects explored the potential meditating role of RNT and positive belief reductions on the impact of iCBT on depression and anxiety symptoms post-treatment. Results showed that both RNT frequency and positive beliefs about the value of RNT reduced significantly following iCBT compared to WLC, with gains maintained at 3-month follow-up. Reductions between pre- and mid-treatment in positive beliefs and RNT mediated improvements in depression symptoms post-iCBT, and reductions in positive beliefs mediated improvements in GAD symptoms. These findings indicate that iCBT is an effective treatment for RNT and positive metacognitive beliefs. Future dismantling studies are needed to assess the most effective treatment components. PMID:24997439

Newby, Jill M; Williams, Alishia D; Andrews, Gavin

2014-08-01

386

The effects of a brief CBT intervention, delivered by frontline mental health staff, to promote recovery in people with psychosis and comorbid anxiety or depression (the GOALS study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background NICE guidance states that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) should be offered to all patients with psychosis. However, there is a need to improve access to therapeutic interventions. We aim to train frontline mental health staff to deliver brief, structured CBT-based therapies. We have developed and piloted a manualized intervention to support people with psychosis and anxious avoidance or depression to work towards a personal recovery goal. Methods/Design The ‘GOALS Study’ is a pilot randomized controlled trial comparing usual care plus an 8-week intervention with usual care alone. The key objective is to assess clinical feasibility (recruitment and randomization; compliance with the treatment manual; acceptability and satisfaction; progress towards goals). A secondary objective is a preliminary evaluation of efficacy. Sixty-six participants with a diagnosis of psychosis, plus symptoms of depression or anxiety will be recruited from adult mental health services. Those currently refusing medication, in receipt of CBT, or with a primary diagnosis of an organic mental health problem or substance dependency will be excluded. Following informed consent, randomization will be independent of the trial team, at a 50:50 ratio, at the level of the individual and stratified by main problem focus. Following randomization, participants allocated to the intervention group will begin the 8-week intervention with a local, trained member of staff, supervised by the study coordinator. Outcomes will be assessed blind to treatment condition at 0, 12 and 18 weeks post-randomization. The primary outcome measure for the efficacy analysis will be activity levels at 12 weeks. Secondary outcome measures include mood, psychotic symptoms, quality of life and clinical distress. A health economic analysis comparing service use in each condition will also be performed. Recruitment began in March, 2013 and is ongoing until December, 2014. Discussion This is the first trial of the GOALS intervention. The approach is brief and staff can be readily trained in its delivery: there is therefore potential to develop a cost-effective intervention that could be widely disseminated. If the trial proves clinically feasible and demonstrates preliminary evidence of efficacy, a large multi-site trial will be warranted. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN: 73188383. http://public.ukcrn.org.uk/search/StudyDetail.aspx?StudyID=13538

2014-01-01

387

Social Disinterest Attitudes and Group Cognitive-Behavioral Social Skills Training for Functional Disability in Schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

The majority of clinical trials of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for schizophrenia have used individual therapy to target positive symptoms. Promising results have been found, however, for group CBT interventions and other treatment targets like psychosocial functioning. CBT for functioning in schizophrenia is based on a cognitive model of functional outcome in schizophrenia that incorporates dysfunctional attitudes (eg, social disinterest, defeatist performance beliefs) as mediators between neurocognitive impairment and functional outcome. In this report, 18 clinical trials of CBT for schizophrenia that included measures of psychosocial functioning were reviewed, and two-thirds showed improvements in functioning in CBT. The cognitive model of functional outcome was also tested by examining the relationship between social disinterest attitudes and functional outcome in 79 people with schizophrenia randomized to either group cognitive-behavioral social skills training or a goal-focused supportive contact intervention. Consistent with the cognitive model, lower social disinterest attitudes at baseline and greater reduction in social disinterest during group therapy predicted better functional outcome at end of treatment for both groups. However, the groups did not differ significantly with regard to overall change in social disinterest attitudes during treatment, suggesting that nonspecific social interactions during group therapy can lead to changes in social disinterest, regardless of whether these attitudes are directly targeted by cognitive therapy interventions.

Granholm, Eric; Ben-Zeev, Dror; Link, Peter C.

2009-01-01

388

Manual de Adiestramiento sobre Terapia de Rehidratacion Oral y Control de las Enfermedades Diarreicas (Oral Rehydration Therapy and the Control of Diarrheal Diseases). Training for Development. Peace Corps Information Collection & Exchange Training Manual No. T-53.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Spanish-language manual was developed to train Peace Corps volunteers and other community health workers in Spanish-speaking countries in oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and the control of diarrheal diseases. Using a competency-based format, the manual contains three training modules (organized in seven sessions) that focus on interrelated…

Clark, Mari; And Others

389

75 FR 11562 - Solicitation for a Cooperative Agreement-Training for Executive Excellence: The Role of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Correctional CEO Curriculum Development AGENCY: National Institute...applications for the development of a competency based...partnerships in the external environment. DATES: Applications...web- based training environment (e.g. WebEx) or...foundation for the development of the training...

2010-03-11

390

Text Messaging as an Adjunct to CBT in Low-Income Populations: A Usability and Feasibility Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines the development and usability–feasibility testing of an automated text-messaging adjunct to cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression in a public sector clinic serving low-income patients. The text-messaging adjunct is aimed at increasing homework adherence, improving self-awareness, and helping track patient progress. Daily text messages were sent to patients, inquiring about their mood. Additional daily messages corresponded to themes

Adrian Aguilera; Ricardo F. Muñoz

2011-01-01

391

Developing and implementing competence-based recruitment and selection in a social services department – A case study of West Sussex County Council  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports and evaluates how a traditional approach to recruitment and selection in the Social Services Department of West Sussex County Council was superseded by a competency-based approach. The authors discuss the impacts of external and internal changes on the local authority and the need to develop less subjective and more effective methods of recruitment and selection, at all

David Farnham; Amanda Stevens

2000-01-01

392

Provide Systematic Guidance Services. Module LT-C-2 of Category C--Student Services. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of student services. The purpose of the module is to help the administrator develop skill in defining the broad conceptualization of student services,…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

393

A Competency-Based Workshop on Designing Learning Systems for the West Virginia Department of Education, Division of Instructional Learning Systems Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents the implementation and evaluation of a one-week competency-based workshop on designing learning systems for coordinators and curriculum development specialists of the West Virginia Department of Education, Division of Instructional Learning Systems. The main objectives of the workshop were: (1) the development of an…

Meehan, Merrill L.; And Others

394

Identify Financial Resources for Vocational Education. Module LT-H-2 of Category H--Business and Financial Management. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of business and financial management. The purpose of the module is to help administrators identify traditional and alternative funding opportunities for…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

395

An Investigation of the Cost-Benefits and Consumer Outcomes Related to Competency Based Education In a Community College Nursing Program. Final Report, 1973-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three final reports on a competency-based computer-assisted nursing education program at Mt. Hood Community College include the following: (1) the examination and refinement of curricular outcomes; (2) cost analysis of the program relative to nursing education, learner benefits, and effectiveness; and (3) an examination of the relationship between…

Mount Hood Community Coll., Gresham, OR.

396

Adult Competency Education Kit. Basic Skills in Speaking, Math, and Reading for Employment. Part G. ACE Competency Based Job Descriptions: #22--Refrigerator Mechanic; #24--Motorcycle Repairperson.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fourth of fifteen sets of Adult Competency Education (ACE) Competency Based Job Descriptions in the ACE kit contains job descriptions for Refrigerator Mechanic and Motorcycle Repairperson. Each begins with a fact sheet that includes this information: occupational title, D.O.T. code, ACE number, career ladder, D.O.T. general educational…

San Mateo County Office of Education, Redwood City, CA. Career Preparation Centers.

397

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Horticulture Using the V-TECS Catalogues. Final Report, Period Covered: September 17, 1979-June 30, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Illinois project developed competency-based curriculum guides for Gardening/Groundskeeping and Floriculture using the V-TECS (Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States) catalogues. The programs were designed to provide students at the senior high school and two-year college level with entry-level and higher job skills and to provide…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

398

National Conference on Critical Issues in Competency-Based Testing for Vocational-Technical Education (Nashville, Tennessee, April 11-13, 1988). Conference Notebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This notebook contains the following conference presentations: "Identifying and Validating Task Lists by Business and Industry for Test/Test Item Development" (Charles Losh); "Conducting a Task Analysis for Competency-Based Test Item Development" (Brenda Hattaway); "Writing and Reviewing Test Items: Multiple Choice, Matching, Performance" (Ora…

Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States, Decatur, GA.

399

Combination Welding Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Combination Welding. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for combination welding is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English…

Shin, Masako T.

400

Plan for Your Professional Development. Module LT-E-3 of Category E--Professional and Staff Development. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of professional and staff development. The purpose of the module is to help administrators to analyze their professional needs and to devise and implement…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

401

Fiberglass Technician Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Fiberglass Technician. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for fiberglass technician is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English…

Shin, Masako T.

402

Leading and Managing the Competence-Based Curriculum: Conscripts, Volunteers and Champions at Work within the Departmentalised Environment of the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a sub-set of findings from a research project describing the experience of four case study schools which have implemented a competence-based curriculum (CBC) for students in their first year of secondary education. Secondary schools are highly departmentalised environments with organisational structures based primarily around…

Downey, Christopher; Byrne, Jenny; Souza, Ana

2013-01-01

403

Manage Student Recruitment. Module LT-C-1 of Category C--Student Services. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator education learning packages, focuses on specific professional competencies needed by vocational education administrators. The competencies upon which these modules are based were identified and verified through research as being important to the success of local administrators of…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

404

Maintain School Discipline. Module LT-C-3 of Category C--Student Services. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of student services. The purpose of the module is to help the administrator develop skill in creating a climate conducive to discipline and in instituting…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

405

Office Systems Technology Associate Degree. Louisiana Technical Education Program and Course Standards. Competency-Based Postsecondary Curriculum Outline from Bulletin 1822.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines the curriculum of Louisiana's office systems technology associate degree program, which is a 6-term (75-credit hour) competency-based program designed to prepare students for employment as special assistants for business executives and top management. Presented first are a description of the program and a list of the general…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

406

An Analysis of Secondary Teacher Attitudes towards Competency Based Education: Vocational Instructors versus Non-Vocational Instructors. Societal Factors Affecting Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation was conducted to determine whether or not a difference in attitude towards competency-based education exists between vocational instructors and non-vocational instructors. The investigation was conducted by distributing a 15-statement survey to the 140 faculty members at Coconut Creek High School, Coconut Creek, Florida.…

MacFarland, Thomas W.

407

Maintenance Mechanics Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Maintenance Mechanics. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for maintenance mechanics is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English…

Shin, Masako T.

408

Machine Trades Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Machine Trades. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for machine trades is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English machine trades…

Shin, Masako T.

409

Auto Body Repair Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Auto Body Repair. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for auto body repair is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English auto body…

Shin, Masako T.

410

Automotive Mechanics Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Automotive Mechanics. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for automotive mechanics is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English…

Shin, Masako T.

411

Clerical Cluster Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Clerical Cluster. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for the clerical cluster is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English clerical…

Shin, Masako T.

412

Food Service Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Food Service. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for food service is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English food service…

Shin, Masako T.

413

Lake County Area Vocational Center Computer-Managed Instructional System for Competency-Based Vocational Education. Version 1.1. Instructor Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual is designed to familiarize vocational education teachers with the use of computer-managed instruction (CMI) in competency-based vocational education programs. Discussed in the introductory section of the manual are the basic functions of CMI, tips for getting started, daily recordkeeping procedures, weekly timecard…

Parker, Robert; Sands, James

414

Human Service Technician In-Service Modules: Competency Based Instructional Material for Personnel Providing Direct Care Services for Handicapped Individuals. Appendix D of Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency based modules are presented for educating paraprofessionals to work with severely and multiply handicapped persons. Objectives, suggested learning activities, and performance criteria are listed for six modules (sample subtopics in parentheses): human growth and development (prenatal influences); orientation to disability and…

Lohmeier, Barbara; And Others

415

The Role of Schools' Perceived Human Resource Policies in Teachers' Professional Development Activities: A Comparative Study of Innovations toward Competence-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The change toward competence-based education has implications for teachers as well as school management. This study investigates which professional development activities teachers undertake related to this change and how these activities differ among schools with various human resource (HR) policies. Two types of HR policy were involved: (1) a…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob

2011-01-01

416

CBT for depression: a pilot RCT comparing mobile phone vs. computer  

PubMed Central

Background This paper reports the results of a pilot randomized controlled trial comparing the delivery modality (mobile phone/tablet or fixed computer) of a cognitive behavioural therapy intervention for the treatment of depression. The aim was to establish whether a previously validated computerized program (The Sadness Program) remained efficacious when delivered via a mobile application. Method 35 participants were recruited with Major Depression (80% female) and randomly allocated to access the program using a mobile app (on either a mobile phone or iPad) or a computer. Participants completed 6 lessons, weekly homework assignments, and received weekly email contact from a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist until completion of lesson 2. After lesson 2 email contact was only provided in response to participant request, or in response to a deterioration in psychological distress scores. The primary outcome measure was the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9). Of the 35 participants recruited, 68.6% completed 6 lessons and 65.7% completed the 3-months follow up. Attrition was handled using mixed-model repeated-measures ANOVA. Results Both the Mobile and Computer Groups were associated with statistically significantly benefits in the PHQ-9 at post-test. At 3?months follow up, the reduction seen for both groups remained significant. Conclusions These results provide evidence to indicate that delivering a CBT program using a mobile application, can result in clinically significant improvements in outcomes for patients with depression. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN 12611001257954

2013-01-01

417

Game-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (GB-CBT): An Innovative Group Treatment Program for Children Who Have Been Sexually Abused  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents theory and rationale for game-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (GB-CBT), an integrative group modality for treating elementary school-aged children who have been sexually abused. GB-CBT incorporates evidence-based elements from cognitive-behavioral therapy, play therapy, and group therapy. The model's curriculum contains topics that have been demonstrated to be effective for treating child sexual abuse, including communication skills, emotional expression skills,

Craig Springer; Justin R. Misurell

2010-01-01

418

A randomised comparison of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) in disaster-exposed children  

PubMed Central

Background Building on previous research with disaster-exposed children and adolescents, a randomised clinical trial was performed in the treatment of trauma-related symptoms. In the current study two active treatments were compared among children in a broad age range and from a wide diversity of ethnic populations. Objective The primary aim was to compare the effectiveness and efficiency of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR). Design Children (n=52, aged 4–18) were randomly allocated to either CBT (n=26) or EMDR (n=26) in a disaster mental health after-care setting after an explosion of a fireworks factory. All children received up to four individual treatment sessions over a 4–8 week period along with up to four sessions of parent guidance. Blind assessment took place pre- and post-treatment and at 3 months follow-up on a variety of parent-rated and self-report measures of post-traumatic stress disorder symptomatology, depression, anxiety, and behaviour problems. Analyses of variance (general linear model repeated measures) were conducted on the intention-to-treat sample and the completers. Results Both treatment approaches produced significant reductions on all measures and results were maintained at follow-up. Treatment gains of EMDR were reached in fewer sessions. Conclusion Standardised CBT and EMDR interventions can significantly improve functioning of disaster-exposed children.

de Roos, Carlijn; Greenwald, Ricky; den Hollander-Gijsman, Margien; Noorthoorn, Eric; van Buuren, Stef; de Jongh, Ad

2011-01-01

419

Reduction of subjective distress in CBT for childhood OCD: nature of change, predictors, and relation to treatment outcome.  

PubMed

Little research has investigated changes in subjective distress during cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders in youth. In the current study, 40 youth diagnosed with primary obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; M age = 11.9 years, 60% male, 80% Caucasian) and 36 parent informants completed separate weekly ratings of child distress for each OC symptom during a 12-session course of CBT. Between-session changes in distress were calculated at the start of, on average throughout, and at the end of treatment. On average throughout treatment, child- and parent-reported decreases in child distress were significant. Baseline OCD severity, functional impairment, and internalizing symptoms predicted degree of change in child distress. Additionally, greater decreases in child distress were predictive of more improved clinical outcomes. Findings advance our understanding of the strengths and limitations of this clinical tool. Future studies should examine youth distress change between and within CBT sessions across both subjective and psychophysiological levels of analysis. PMID:23774008

Kircanski, Katharina; Wu, Monica; Piacentini, John

2014-03-01

420

The Effectiveness of Internet Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (iCBT) for Depression in Primary Care: A Quality Assurance Study  

PubMed Central

Background Depression is a common, recurrent, and debilitating problem and Internet delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) could offer one solution. There are at least 25 controlled trials that demonstrate the efficacy of iCBT. The aim of the current paper was to evaluate the effectiveness of an iCBT Program in primary care that had been demonstrated to be efficacious in two randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Method Quality assurance data from 359 patients prescribed the Sadness Program in Australia from October 2010 to November 2011 were included. Results Intent-to-treat marginal model analyses demonstrated significant reductions in depressive symptoms (PHQ9), distress (K10), and impairment (WHODAS-II) with medium-large effect sizes (Cohen's d?=?.51–1.13.), even in severe and/or suicidal patients (Cohen's d?=?.50–1.49.) Secondary analyses on patients who completed all 6 lessons showed levels of clinically significant change as indexed by established criteria for remission, recovery, and reliable change. Conclusions The Sadness Program is effective when prescribed by primary care practitioners and is consistent with a cost-effective stepped-care framework.

Williams, Alishia D; Andrews, Gavin

2013-01-01

421

The Effects of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Delivered by Students in a Psychologist Training Program: An Effectiveness Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively little is known about the efficacy of clinically inexperienced student therapists carrying out cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) under supervision during a professional, psychologist training program. The current study evaluated this by collecting pre- and post-treatment data on 591 consecutive patients receiving treatment at the…

Ost, Lars-Goran; Karlstedt, Anna; Widen, Sara

2012-01-01

422

Controlled Comparison of Family Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Psychoeducation/Relaxation Training for Child Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the efficacy of exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) plus a structured family intervention (FCBT) versus psychoeducation plus relaxation training (PRT) for reducing symptom severity, functional impairment, and family accommodation in youths with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Method: A total of 71…

Piacentini, John; Bergman, R. Lindsey; Chang, Susanna; Langley, Audra; Peris, Tara; Wood, Jeffrey J.; McCracken, James

2011-01-01

423

Group Social Skills Training or Cognitive Group Therapy as the Clinical Treatment of Choice for Generalized Social Phobia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focused on determining whether group social skills training (SST) or cognitive-behavioral group therapy (CBT) works best to treat social anxiety in psychiatric patients. Participants were psychiatric outpatients with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) diagnosis of generalized social phobia (GSP). A matching procedure was used to obtain two equivalent samples in both conditions N

Rien van Dam-Baggen; Floris Kraaimaat

2000-01-01

424

Competency Based Curriculum: Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, produced by a committee of teachers in mathematics, includes a program description with pertinent extracts from the school district philosopy, as well as major goals and objectives. Curricular objectives state what a student should know, demonstrate, or be able to do in this study area. The sequence of goals and objectives…

Huntington Beach Union High School District, CA.

425

Competency mapping in quality management of foundation training.  

PubMed

Competency-based curricula focus on outcomes in terms of application of knowledge and acquisition of competencies. The aim of this exercise was to analyse posts and programmes for potential training outcomes. A mapping process against the UK foundation curriculum was designed. Data were gathered from foundation directors using red/amber/green judgements for each post. After submission no correspondence was needed on any programme about educational arrangements, suggesting the process had a significant formative effect as well as assessing outcomes. Certain competencies were problematic across the majority of host providers, allowing programme directors to ensure deficiencies are compensated by planned teaching or simulation training. Widespread difficulty in achieving these competencies raises the question of whether they should be included within the national curricula. Development of competency-based training is a complex, multistep process. However, it is possible to analyse it in a large programme of trainees in the setting of the modern, busy NHS. PMID:21413479

Ruddlesdin, Jennifer; Wentworth, Lauren; Bhat, Sarita; Baker, Paul

2010-12-01

426

A randomised controlled trial of time limited CBT informed psychological therapy for anxiety in bipolar disorder  

PubMed Central

Background Anxiety comorbidity is common in bipolar disorder and is associated with worse treatment outcomes, greater risk of self harm, suicide and substance misuse. To date however there have been no psychological interventions specifically designed to address this problem. The primary objective of this trial is to establish the acceptability and feasibility of a new integrated intervention for anxiety in bipolar disorder designed in collaboration with individuals with personal experience of both problems. Methods and design Single blind randomised controlled trials to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a time limited CBT informed psychological intervention for anxiety in bipolar disorder (AIBD) compared with treatment as usual. Participants will be recruited from across the North West of England from specialist mental health services and through primary care and self referral. The primary outcome of the study is the feasibility and acceptability of AIBD assessed by recruitment to target and retention to follow-up, as well as absence of untoward incidents associated with AIBD. We will also estimate the effect size of the impact of the intervention on anxiety and mood outcomes, as well as calculate preliminary estimates of cost-effectiveness and investigate potential mechanisms for this (stigma, self appraisal and stability of social rhythms). Discussion This is the first trial of an integrated intervention for anxiety in bipolar disorder. It is of interest to researchers involved in the development of new therapies for bipolar disorder as well as indicating the wider potential for evaluating approaches to the treatment of comorbidity in severe mental illness. Trial registration number ISRCTN84288072

2013-01-01

427

Effects of an Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (iCBT) Program in Manga Format on Improving Subthreshold Depressive Symptoms among Healthy Workers: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose of this study was to develop a new Internet-based computerized cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) program in Manga format, the Japanese cartoon, for workers and to examine the effects of the iCBT program on improving subthreshold depression using a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design among workers employed in private companies in Japan. Method All workers in a company (n?=?290) and all workers in three departments (n?=?1,500) at the headquarters of another large company were recruited by an invitation e-mail. Participants who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were randomly allocated to intervention or control groups (N?=?381 for each group). A six-week, six-lesson iCBT program using Manga (Japanese comic) story was developed. The program included several CBT skills: self-monitoring, cognitive restructuring, assertiveness, problem solving, and relaxation. The intervention group studied the iCBT program at a frequency of one lesson per week. Depression (Beck Depression Inventory II; BDI-II) was assessed as a primary outcome at baseline, and three- and six-month follow-ups for both intervention and control groups were performed. Results The iCBT program showed a significant intervention effect on BDI-II (t?=??1.99, p<0.05) with small effect sizes (Cohen's d: ?0.16, 95% Confidence Interval: ?0.32 to 0.00, at six-month follow-up). Conclusions The present study first demonstrated that a computerized cognitive behavior therapy delivered via the Internet was effective in improving depression in the general working population. It seems critical to improve program involvement of participants in order to enhance the effect size of an iCBT program. Trial Registration UMIN Clinical Trials Registry UMIN000006210

Imamura, Kotaro; Kawakami, Norito; Furukawa, Toshi A.; Matsuyama, Yutaka; Shimazu, Akihito; Umanodan, Rino; Kawakami, Sonoko; Kasai, Kiyoto

2014-01-01

428

Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy: An evaluation of therapies provided by trainees at a university psychotherapy training center  

PubMed Central

At the psychotherapy training center at Karlstad University, a study was carried out to examine the levels of symptom change and satisfaction with therapy in a heterogeneous population of clients treated using cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) by less experienced trainee therapists with limited theoretical education. The clients received an average of 11 therapy sessions. The results suggested that CBT performed by less experienced trainee therapists can be effective. According to client estimations, a statistically significant reduction in symptoms, measured using the Symptoms Checklist, was achieved for seven of nine variables (p???.006), as well as a significant increase in satisfaction with life (p???.001). Also, the pre- and posttherapy measurements using the Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale showed a statistically significant improvement in the clients’ condition. According to the therapists’ estimations, 64% (SD?=?32.01) of the clients experienced a significant improvement in their condition. In addition, the results of a survey of client satisfaction demonstrated that the clients were very pleased with the therapy received. Also the therapists were, to a great extent, satisfied with the treatment process itself, including the supervision received, and very satisfied with the client alliance. A correlation analysis between the clients’ perceived level of improvement and therapist satisfaction showed a strong correlation between the two variables (r?=?.50, p?training site was more strongly CBT than psychodynamic interpersonal treatment (p???.001). The CBT subscale score indicated that the therapy was characteristic of CBT, confirming that the interventions used in the therapy belong to the CBT genre.

Hiltunen, Arto J; Kocys, Elo; Perrin-Wallqvist, Renee

2013-01-01

429

Round table discussion on - Development of competency-based two-level curricula in Meteorology (TEMPUS JEP 26005-2005 COMBAT-METEO)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The project in question (http://www.combat-meteo.net/) aims to provide the basis for the reform of the system of higher education in the area of hydrometeorology in the Russian Federation to comply with the Bologna Declaration. In this regard, the project puts the following specific objectives: 1. To develop internationally recognized competency-based two-level (Bachelor / Master) curricula in meteorology by December 2007. 2. To transform existing and to develop new syllabi supported by teaching materials according to the developed two-level curricula by December 2008. 3. To implement the developed competency-based two-level curricula in meteorology at Russian State Hydro-meteorological University and universities-members of Academic Association of Russian Universities in hydrometeorology by September 2009. These objectives are met by the consortium headed by the University of Helsinki (Finland) including the University of Tartu (Estonia), the Academic Association of Russian Universities in Hydrometeorology (Russia), the Faculty of Geography of the Moscow State University (Russia) and the State Environmental University (Ukraine), with the Russian State Hydrometeorological University (Russia) as target institution. The project provides opportunities for retraining of academic and administrative staff from target universities in the consortium EU universities, as well as for bidirectional student mobility. The project results in teaching meteorology in Russia according to competency-based two-level curricula that will start by 01 September, 2009.

Bashmakova, I.; Belotserkovsky, A.; Ivanov, V.; Karlin, L.; Petrosyan, A.; Room, R.; Serditova, N.; Tyuryakov, S.; Zilitinkevich, S.

2009-09-01

430

Development of Training Manuals for Interviewing and Public Speaking at St. Louis Community College, Meramec.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the development of training manuals for interviewing and public speaking, topics covered in the Oral Communication course at St. Louis Community College at Meramec (Missouri). There are four major research questions posed: (1) what literature yields regarding the competency-based module, and its use in developing learning…

Grupas, Angela

431

ABE/Pre-Vocational Skills Program. A Teacher's Guide and Curriculum for Pre-Clerical Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed for teacher use for a 10-week course to prepare chronically unemployed adults to enter traditional clerical courses or job training programs offered by temporary-employment-agencies. The competency-based curriculum provides adults with basic skills in grammar, usage, reading, writing, listening, mathematics, keyboarding,…

Johnson, Brenda J.

432

Altering the Athletic Training Curriculum: A Unique Perspective on Learning over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The cohort athletic training curriculum features a competency-based approach that allows the student to matriculate through the program in a systematic fashion. This method is desired as it allows for efficient delivery and mastery of the educational content and associated clinical skills. The result may be an inflexible curriculum that…

Potteiger, Kelly; Brown, Christopher David; Kahanov, Leamor

2012-01-01

433

Does Maintenance CBT Contribute to Long-Term Treatment Response of Panic Disorder With or Without Agoraphobia? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the possibility that maintenance cognitive behavior therapy (M–CBT) may improve the likelihood of sustained improvement and reduced relapse in a multi-site randomized controlled clinical trial of patients who met criteria for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Method Participants were all patients (N = 379) who first began an open trial of acute-phase CBT. Patients completing and responding to acute-phase treatment were randomized to receive either nine monthly sessions of M-CBT (n = 79) or assessment only (n = 78) and were then followed for an additional 12 months without treatment. Results M–CBT produced significantly lower relapse rates (5.2%) and reduced work and social impairment compared to the assessment only condition (18.4%) at a 21-month follow-up (MFU). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models showed that residual symptoms of agoraphobia at the end of acute-phase treatment were independently predictive of time to relapse during 21-MFU (HR = 1.15, p < .01). Conclusions M–CBT aimed at reinforcing acute treatment gains to prevent relapse and offset disorder recurrence may improve long-term outcome in PD/A.

White, Kamila S.; Payne, Laura A.; Gorman, Jack M.; Shear, M. Katherine; Woods, Scott W.; Saksa, John R.; Barlow, David H.

2012-01-01

434

Personnel Training: Federal and California State Mandates Pertaining to the Vocational Education of Handicapped Youth. Module 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a training curriculum designed to prepare a multidisciplinary team of preservice/inservice personnel to deliver vocational and special education experiences for disabled individuals, this competency-based module focuses on federal and California state mandates pertaining to the vocational education of handicapped youth. Content includes…

Ostertag, Bruce A.; Ackerman, Debra

435

A THEORY ON THE USE OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY (CBT) PLUS EYE MOVEMENT DESENSITIZATION AND REPROCESSING (EMDR) TO REDUCE SUICIDAL THOUGHTS IN CHILDHOOD TRAUMA VICTIMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many victims of childhood trauma struggle with recurrent suicidal thoughts and behaviors even after traditional therapies. We used a combination of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) plus Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) in five patients with histories of childhood trauma and recurrent suicidal thoughts to reduce or eliminate suicidal thoughts, behaviors, and attempts after 3 months to 5 years follow

Kennneth F. Tullis; Cynthia L. Westcott; Traci R. Winton

436

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adherence and Depression (CBT-AD) in HIV-Infected Injection Drug Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Depression and substance use, the most common comorbidities with HIV, are both associated with poor treatment adherence. Injection drug users comprise a substantial portion of individuals with HIV in the United States and globally. The present study tested cognitive behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) in patients…

Safren, Steven A.; O'Cleirigh, Conall M.; Bullis, Jacqueline R.; Otto, Michael W.; Stein, Michael D.; Pollack, Mark H.

2012-01-01

437

Psychological Treatment for Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia: A Randomized Controlled Trial to Examine the Role of Therapist-Guided Exposure in situ in CBT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a first-line treatment for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PD/AG). Nevertheless, an understanding of its mechanisms and particularly the role of therapist-guided exposure is lacking. This study was aimed to evaluate whether therapist-guided exposure in situ is associated with more pervasive and…

Gloster, Andrew T.; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Einsle, Franziska; Lang, Thomas; Helbig-Lang, Sylvia; Fydrich, Thomas; Fehm, Lydia; Hamm, Alfons O.; Richter, Jan; Alpers, George W.; Gerlach, Alexander L.; Strohle, Andreas; Kircher, Tilo; Deckert, Jurgen; Zwanzger, Peter; Hofler, Michael; Arolt, Volker

2011-01-01

438

An Analysis of TOEFL CBT Writing Prompt Difficulty and Comparability for Different Gender Groups. Research Reports. Report 76. RR-04-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation of the comparability of writing assessment prompts was conducted in two phases. In an exploratory Phase I, 47 writing prompts administered in the computer-based Test of English as a Foreign Language[TM] (TOEFL[R] CBT) from July through December 1998 were examined. Logistic regression procedures were used to estimate prompt…

Breland, Hunter; Lee, Yong-Won; Najarian, Michelle; Muraki, Eiji

2004-01-01

439

Does Maintenance CBT Contribute to Long-Term Treatment Response of Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: We examined the possibility that maintenance cognitive behavior therapy (M-CBT) may improve the likelihood of sustained improvement and reduced relapse in a multi-site randomized controlled clinical trial of patients who met criteria for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Method: Participants were all patients (N = 379) who…

White, Kamila S.; Payne, Laura A.; Gorman, Jack M.; Shear, M. Katherine; Woods, Scott W.; Saksa, John R.; Barlow, David H.

2013-01-01

440

Guided and unguided CBT for social anxiety disorder and/or panic disorder via the Internet and a smartphone application: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Smartphone technology presents a novel and promising opportunity to extend the reach of psychotherapeutic interventions by moving selected parts of the therapy into the real-life situations causing distress. This randomised controlled trial will investigate the effects of a transdiagnostic, Internet-administered cognitive behavioural (iCBT) self-help program for anxiety, supplemented with a smartphone application. The effect of added therapist support will also be studied. Methods/Design One hundred and fifty participants meeting diagnostic criteria for social anxiety disorder and/or panic disorder will be evenly randomised to either one of three study groups: 1, smartphone-supplemented iCBT with therapist support; 2, smartphone-supplemented iCBT without therapist support; or 3, an active waiting list control group with delayed treatment. Primary outcome measure will be the Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7-item self-rating scale. Secondary measures include other anxiety, depression and quality of life measures. In addition to pre- and post-treatment measurements, the study includes two mid-treatment (days 24 and 48) and two follow-up assessments (12 and 36 months) to assess rapid and long-term effects. Discussion To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the effectiveness of smartphone-supplemented iCBT for anxiety disorders. Hence, the findings from this trial will constitute great advancements in the burgeoning and promising field of smartphone-administered psychological interventions. Limitations are discussed. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01963806

2013-01-01

441

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adherence and Depression (CBT-AD) in HIV-infected Injection Drug Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective Depression and substance use, the most common comorbidities with HIV, are both associated with poor treatment adherence. Injection drug users comprise a substantial portion of individuals with HIV in the U.S. and globally. The present study tested cognitive-behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) in patients with HIV and depression in active substance abuse treatment for injection drug use. Method This is a two-arm, randomized controlled trial (N = 89) comparing CBT-AD to enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU). Analyses were conducted for two time-frames: 1) baseline to post-treatment 2) post-treatment to follow-up at 3- and 6-months after intervention discontinuation. Results At post-treatment, the CBT-AD condition showed significantly greater improvement than ETAU in MEMS (electronic pill cap) based adherence (?slope = 0.8873, t (86) = 2.38, p = .02; dGMA-raw = .64), and depression, assessed by blinded assessor [Mongomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (F(1,79) = 6.52, p<.01); d = .55)] and clinical global impression [(F(1,79) = 14.77, p<.001; d = .85)]. After treatment discontinuation, depression gains were maintained, though adherence gains were not. Viral load did not differ across condition, however, the CBT-AD condition had significant improvements in CD4 cell counts over time compared to ETAU (?slope= 2.09, t (76) = 2.20, p = .03; dGMA-raw = .60). Conclusions In patients managing multiple challenges including HIV, depression, substance dependence, and adherence, CBT-AD is a useful way to integrate treatment of depression with an adherence intervention. Continued adherence counseling is likely needed, however, to maintain or augment adherence gains in this population.

Safren, Steven A.; O'Cleirigh, Conall M.; Bullis, Jacqueline R.; Otto, Michael W.; Stein, Michael D.; Pollack, Mark H.

2012-01-01

442

Robotic surgery basic skills training: Evaluation of a pilot multidisciplinary simulation-based curriculum  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Simulation-based training improves clinical skills, while minimizing the impact of the educational process on patient care. We present results of a pilot multidisciplinary, simulation-based robotic surgery basic skills training curriculum (BSTC) for robotic novices. Methods: A 4-week, simulation-based, robotic surgery BSTC was offered to the Departments of Surgery and Obstetrics & Gynecology (ObGyn) at the University of Toronto. The course consisted of various instructional strategies: didactic lecture, self-directed online-training modules, introductory hands-on training with the da Vinci robot (dVR) (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA), and dedicated training on the da Vinci Skills Simulator (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA) (dVSS). A third of trainees participated in competency-based dVSS training, all others engaged in traditional time-based training. Pre- and post-course skill testing was conducted on the dVR using 2 standardized skill tasks: ring transfer (RT) and needle passing (NP). Retention of skills was assessed at 5 months post-BSTC. Results: A total of 37 participants completed training. The mean task completion time and number of errors improved significantly post-course on both RT (180.6 vs. 107.4 sec, p < 0.01 and 3.5 vs. 1.3 sec, p < 0.01, respectively) and NP (197.1 vs. 154.1 sec, p < 0.01 and 4.5 vs. 1.8 sec, p = 0.04, respectively) tasks. No significant difference in performance was seen between specialties. Competency-based training was associated with significantly better post-course performance. The dVSS demonstrated excellent face validity. Conclusions: The implementation of a pilot multidisciplinary, simulation-based robotic surgery BSTC revealed significantly improved basic robotic skills among novice trainees, regardless of specialty or level of training. Competency-based training was associated with significantly better acquisition of basic robotic skills.

Foell, Kirsten; Finelli, Antonio; Yasufuku, Kazuhiro; Bernardini, Marcus Q.; Waddell, Thomas K.; Pace, Kenneth T.; Honey, R. John D.'A.; Lee, Jason Y.

2013-01-01

443

Training and Consultation to Promote Implementation of an Empirically Supported Treatment: A Randomized Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective The study evaluated the efficacy of three training modalities and the impact of ongoing consultation after training. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety among youths, an empirically supported treatment, was used as the exemplar. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three one-day workshops to examine the efficacy of training modality: routine training (training as usual), computer training (computerized version of training as usual), and augmented training (training that emphasized active learning). After training, all participants received three months of ongoing consultation that included case consultation, didactics, and problem solving. Methods Participants were 115 community therapists (mean age of 35.9 years; 90% were women). Outcome measures included the Adherence and Skill Checklist, used to rate a performance-based role-play; a knowledge test; and the Training Satisfaction Rating Scale. Results All three training modalities resulted in limited gains in therapist adherence, skill, and knowledge. There was no significant effect of modality on adherence, skill, or knowledge from pretraining to posttraining. Participants were more satisfied with augmented and routine training than with computer training. Most important, number of consultation hours after training significantly predicted higher therapist adherence and skill at the three-month follow-up. Conclusions The findings suggest that training alone did not result in therapist behavior change. The inclusion of ongoing consultation was critical to influencing therapist adherence and skill. Implications for implementation science and mental health services research are discussed.

Beidas, Rinad S.; Edmunds, Julie M.; Marcus, Steven C.; Kendall, Philip C.

2012-01-01

444

Models for intensive care training. A European perspective.  

PubMed

The diversity of European culture is reflected in its healthcare training programs. In intensive care medicine (ICM), the differences in national training programs were so marked that it was unlikely that they could produce specialists of equivalent skills. The Competency-Based Training in Intensive Care Medicine in Europe (CoBaTrICE) program was established in 2003 as a Europe-based worldwide collaboration of national training organizations to create core competencies for ICM using consensus methodologies to establish common ground. The group's professional and research ethos created a social identity that facilitated change. The program was easily adaptable to different training structures and incorporated the voice of patients and relatives. The CoBaTrICE program has now been adopted by 15 European countries, with another 12 countries planning to adopt the training program, and is currently available in nine languages, including English. ICM is now recognized as a primary specialty in Spain, Switzerland, and the UK. There are still wide variations in structures and processes of training in ICM across Europe, although there has been agreement on a set of common program standards. The combination of a common "product specification" for an intensivist, combined with persisting variation in the educational context in which competencies are delivered, provides a rich source of research inquiry. Pedagogic research in ICM could usefully focus on the interplay between educational interventions, healthcare systems and delivery, and patient outcomes, such as including whether competency-based program are associated with lower error rates, whether communication skills training is associated with greater patient and family satisfaction, how multisource feedback might best be used to improve reflective learning and teamworking, or whether increasing the proportion of specialists trained in acute care in the hospital at weekends results in better patient outcomes. PMID:24351076

Bion, Julian; Rothen, Hans U

2014-02-01

445

The GoodNight study--online CBT for insomnia for the indicated prevention of depression: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) delivered through the Internet is effective as a treatment in reducing insomnia in individuals seeking help for insomnia. CBT-I also lowers levels of depression in this group. However, it is not known if targeting insomnia using CBT-I will lower depressive symptoms, and thus reduce the risk of major depressive episode onset, in those specifically at risk for depression. Therefore, this study aims to examine whether Internet delivery of fully automated self-help CBT-I designed to reduce insomnia will prevent depression. Method/design A sample of 1,600 community-dwelling adults (aged 18–64), who screen positive for both subclinical levels of depressive symptoms and insomnia, will be recruited via various media and randomised to either a 9-week online insomnia treatment programme, Sleep Healthy Using The internet (SHUTi), or an online attention-matched control group (HealthWatch). The primary outcome variable will be depression symptom levels at the 6-month post-intervention on the Patient Heath Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). A secondary outcome will be onset of major depressive episodes assessed at the 6-month post-intervention using ‘current’ and ‘time from intervention’ criteria from the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Discussion This trial is the first randomised controlled trial of an Internet-based insomnia intervention as an indicated preventative programme for depression. If effective, online provision of a depression prevention programme will facilitate dissemination. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR), Registration number: ACTRN12611000121965.

2014-01-01

446

RXR Partial Agonist CBt-PMN Exerts Therapeutic Effects on Type 2 Diabetes without the Side Effects of RXR Full Agonists  

PubMed Central

Treating insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in rodents, currently known retinoid X receptor (RXR) agonists induce significant adverse effects. Here we introduce a novel RXR partial agonist CBt-PMN (11b), which shows a potent glucose-lowering effect and improvements of insulin secretion and glucose tolerance without the serious adverse effects caused by RXR full agonists. We suggest that RXR partial agonists may be a new class of antitype 2 diabetes drug candidates.

2012-01-01

447

Water pH and temperature in Lake Biwa from MBT'/CBT indices during the last 282 000 years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We generated a 282 000-year record of water pH and temperature in Lake Biwa, central Japan, by analysing the methylation index (MBT') and cyclisation ratio (CBT) of branched tetraethers in sediments from piston and borehole cores to understand the responses of precipitation and air temperature in central Japan to the East Asian monsoon variability on the orbital timescale. Because water pH in Lake Biwa is determined by phosphorus input driven by precipitation, the record of water pH should indicate changes in summer precipitation in central Japan. The estimated pH showed significant periodicity at 19 and 23 ka (precession) and at 41 ka (obliquity). The variation in the estimated pH agrees with variation in the pollen temperature index. This indicates synchronous variation in summer air temperature and precipitation in central Japan, which contradicts the conclusions of previous studies. The variation in estimated pH was also synchronous with the variation of oxygen isotopes in stalagmites in China, suggesting that East Asian summer monsoon precipitation was governed by Northern Hemisphere summer insolation on orbital timescales. However, the estimated winter temperatures were higher during interglacials and lower during glacials, showing an eccentricity cycle. This suggests that the temperature variation reflected winter monsoon variability.

Ajioka, T.; Yamamoto, M.; Takemura, K.; Hayashida, A.

2014-03-01

448

A review on cognitive behavorial therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET) in myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) / chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): CBT/GET is not only ineffective and not evidence-based, but also potentially harmful for many patients with ME/CFS.  

PubMed

Benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) / Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating disease which, despite numerous biological abnormalities has remained highly controversial. Notwithstanding the medical pathogenesis of ME/CFS, the (bio)psychosocial model is adopted by many governmental organizations and medical profes-sio-nals to legitimize the combination of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Graded Exercise Therapy (GET) for ME/CFS. Justified by this model CBT and GET aim at eliminating presumed psychogenic and socially induced maintaining factors and reversing deconditioning, respectively. In this review we invalidate the (bio)psychosocial model for ME/CFS and demonstrate that the success claim for CBT/GET to treat ME/CFS is unjust. CBT/GET is not only hardly more effective than non-interventions or standard medical care, but many patients report that the therapy had affected them adversely, the majority of them even reporting substantial deterioration. Moreover, this review shows that exertion and thus GET most likely have a negative impact on many ME/CFS patients. Exertion induces post-exertional malaise with a decreased physical performan-ce/aerobic capacity, increased muscoskeletal pain, neurocognitive impairment, "fatigue", and weakness, and a long lasting "recovery" time. This can be explained by findings that exertion may amplify pre-existing pa-thophysiological abnormalities underpinning ME/CFS, such as inflammation, immune dysfunction, oxidative and nitrosative stress, channelopathy, defec-tive stress response mechanisms and a hypoactive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. We conclude that it is unethical to treat patients with ME/CFS with ineffective, non-evidence-based and potentially harmful "rehabilitation therapies", such as CBT/GET. PMID:19855350

Twisk, Frank N M; Maes, Michael

2009-01-01

449

Teacher Training: A Training Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The manual may be used for training PCVs as well as for training host country teachers. Proposes an adaptable, intensive training session to develop effectiveness and understanding of educational principles. Covers objectives, lesson planning, techniques,...

1986-01-01

450

Competency mapping and analysis for public health preparedness training initiatives.  

PubMed

Competency-based education and assessment initiatives have been completed in a number of health care and health management professions during the past decade. In addition, several competency specification endeavors have been similarly undertaken in relation to the field of public health, including the development of the Council on Linkages between Academia and Public Health Practice competency model and the initial competency modeling Delphi survey completed by the Association of Schools of Public Health. All of these organizations have subsequently had to address the many challenges and barriers to the dissemination and integration of their models into specific educational and professional development practices. As previously addressed by many researchers in the field of competency modeling and deployment, understanding and acceptance of competency-based systems are formidable goals, often rife with controversy. This article describes the processes undertaken by The University of Michigan Center for Public Health Preparedness to integrate competency-based learning and assessment in educational and training initiatives with its many community partners. PMID:16025713

Calhoun, Judith G; Rowney, Rosemarie; Eng, Emilie; Hoffman, Yael

2005-01-01

451

Develop Applications and Proposals for Funding Vocational Education. Module LT-H-3 of Category H--Business and Financial Management. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of business and financial management. The purpose of the module is to help administrators develop skills in the two most common procedures to obtain state…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

452

An Analysis of Open-Entry/Open-Exit Systems of Individualized Competency-Based Vocational Instruction for High School Students within Selected Florida School Districts. Final Report, April 5, 1978-September 30, 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics, problems, and recommendations for developing and improving open-entry/open-exit systems of individualized, competency-based vocational instruction for Florida high school students. A survey instrument was developed to collect relevant data. Those surveyed in the descriptive…

Wilkie, Barbara J.

453

The Peaceful Mind Program: A Pilot Test of a CBT-Based Intervention for Anxious Patients with Dementia  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess feasibility and to conduct a preliminary evaluation of outcomes following Peaceful Mind, a CBT-based intervention for anxiety in dementia, relative to usual care (UC). Design Pilot randomized controlled trial including assessments at baseline, 3 and 6 months Setting Houston, TX Participants 32 outpatients diagnosed with mild (47%) or moderate (53%) dementia receiving care through outpatient clinics at the Veterans Affairs medical center, Baylor College of Medicine, Harris County Hospital District and community day centers for dementia, and their collaterals, who spent at least 8 hours a week with them. Intervention Peaceful Mind included up to 12 weekly in-home sessions (mean = 8.7, SD = 2.27) during the initial 3 months and up to eight brief telephone sessions (mean = 5.4, SD = 3.17) during months 3 to 6, involving self-monitoring for anxiety, deep breathing, and optional skills (coping self-statements, behavioral activation and sleep management). Patients learned skills, and collaterals served as coaches. In UC, patients received diagnostic feedback; and providers were informed of inclusion status. Measurements Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Anxiety subscale, Rating Anxiety in Dementia scale, Penn State Worry Questionnaire-Abbreviated, Geriatric Anxiety Inventory, Geriatric Depression Scale, Quality of Life in Alzheimer’s disease, Patient Health Questionnaire, Client Satisfaction Questionnaire Results Feasibility was demonstrated with regard to recruitment, attrition, and treatment characteristics. At 3 months, clinicians rated patients receiving Peaceful Mind as less anxious, and patients rated themselves as having higher quality of life; collaterals reported less distress related to loved ones’ anxiety. Although significant positive effects were not noted in other outcomes or at 6-month follow-up, the pilot nature of the trial prohibits conclusions about efficacy. Conclusions Results support that Peaceful Mind is ready for future comparative clinical trials.

Stanley, Melinda A.; Calleo, Jessica; Bush, Amber L.; Wilson, Nancy; Snow, A. Lynn; Kraus-Schuman, Cynthia; Paukert, Amber L.; Petersen, Nancy J.; Brenes, Gretchen A.; Schulz, Paul E.; Williams, Susan P.; Kunik, Mark E.

2012-01-01

454

Prototype Training Program for the Preparation of Curriculum Consultants for Exceptional Children. Instructor's Manual for Module 13.0: Advising/Curriculum. Competencies 13.1 through 13.4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part 13 of a series of 13 instructor's manuals for the competency based training of curriculum consultants for exceptional children focuses on the advisory role of the consultant. Four comptencies are considered: (1) that a curriculum consultant should be capable of functioning in an advisory role; (2) that a curriculum consultant should be…

Meyen, Edward L.; Altman, Reuben

455

Use of Branched Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraethers and the MBT/CBT Proxy: a Paleothermometer for the Islands of Hawaii and Oahu  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs), produced by a yet unknown phyla of bacteria, have previously been found to be ubiquitous within soils. Through quantification of abundance of 4 varying types of GDGTs within a soil sample, the methylation of branched tetraethers (MBT) and the cyclization of branched tetraethers (CBT) can be determined. While prior researchers have deduced that CBT closely correlates to paleo-pH of soil and the MBT proxy corresponds to both paleo-temperature and paleo-pH of soils, it has been explicitly and unanimously stated that local calibrations are necessary for application of the MBT/CBT proxy to be viable. Additionally, there is very limited terrestrial paleo-temperature data for the Pacific subtropical gyre. In order to develop a calibrated MBT/CBT proxy for Hawaii, 8 sites of varying elevation (800-1600m a.s.l.) along the Laupahoehoe region of Mauna Kea as well as a diversity of sites around the island of Oahu were chosen and samples of the soil-surface were taken. Sites around Oahu include both the windward and leeward side, accounting for the orographic effect, as well as sites of varying elevations. Analysis and quantification was done using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Preliminary results have thus far confirmed the hypothesized outcome that temperature and pH do in fact have a direct affect on the abundance of GDGTs in Hawaiian surface-soils. Although consistent with previous research in that abundance of GDGTs is linked to both temperature and pH, the results show that effectiveness of the MBT proxy at finding minute changes in temperature in Hawaii is limited, (as previous research has been conducted mainly on higher latitude soils with more variant temperature distributions). Therefore, it is pertinent to use the calibration for mainly larger scale temperature changes. Results of the calibration are currently being applied down-core to detect temperature changes during the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Developing this proxy will aid in upcoming research conducted in Hawaii to determine paleo-temperature change through time and will in turn aid in determining future implications for climate change.

Jenzen, E. T.; Fang, J.; Field, D. B.

2012-12-01

456

Application of a blended e-learning method in designing a training program for developing professional competences of university teachers: e-CBT Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the number of universities in Taiwan has grown significantly, as well as the number of teachers. The conditions for employing university teachers are based on their professional academic and practical background. Therefore, the affirmation of a university teacher's professional and academic qualifications should be supported by his relevant educational background and publications. However, there is a lack

Ling-Yu Wen; Shun-Fa Hsu; Shiu-Yu Chen; Jun-Yen Wu

2010-01-01

457

Training synaesthesia.  

PubMed

Synaesthetic inducers such as graphemes are typically cultural artifacts. Thus, a learning component seems evident in synaesthesia (Simner et al, 2009 Brain 132 57-64). Normally, synaesthetes report to have their experiences since they can remember. Nevertheless, a recent training study suggests that synaesthesia can be mimicked in non-synaesthetes. To date, the role of learning during the development of synaesthesia is still debated. It is not clear whether synaesthesia can be learned or trained at all. To address this question, we compared a non-adaptive and an adaptive training for their effectiveness. We assessed their impact on two types of priming tasks, before and after the training. We found stronger priming in the adaptive training group suggesting that adaptive training is more efficient to mimic synaesthesia. PMID:22308895

Rothen, Nicolas; Wantz, Andrea-Laura; Meier, Beat

2011-01-01

458

Training in intensive care medicine. A challenge within reach.  

PubMed

The medical training model is currently immersed in a process of change. The new paradigm is intended to be more effective, more integrated within the healthcare system, and strongly oriented towards the direct application of knowledge to clinical practice. Compared with the established training system based on certification of the completion of a series or rotations and stays in certain healthcare units, the new model proposes a more structured training process based on the gradual acquisition of specific competences, in which residents must play an active role in designing their own training program. Training based on competences guarantees more transparent, updated and homogeneous learning of objective quality, and which can be homologated internationally. The tutors play a key role as the main directors of the process, and institutional commitment to their work is crucial. In this context, tutors should receive time and specific formation to allow the evaluation of training as the cornerstone of the new model. New forms of objective summative and training evaluation should be introduced to guarantee that the predefined competences and skills are effectively acquired. The free movement of specialists within Europe is very desirable and implies that training quality must be high and amenable to homologation among the different countries. The Competency Based training in Intensive Care Medicine in Europe program is our main reference for achieving this goal. Scientific societies in turn must impulse and facilitate all those initiatives destined to improve healthcare quality and therefore specialist training. They have the mission of designing strategies and processes that favor training, accreditation and advisory activities with the government authorities. PMID:24589154

Castellanos-Ortega, A; Rothen, H U; Franco, N; Rayo, L A; Martín-Loeches, I; Ramírez, P; Cuñat de la Hoz, J

2014-01-01

459

Training Opportunities  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI), a major research component of the National Institutes of Health and of the Department of Health and Human Services, is pleased to invite applications from qualified candidates for a Cancer Research Training Award (CRTA), with an emphasis on gene- nutrition interaction-cancer prevention. To learn more please read the Cancer Research Training Award (pdf, 118kb) document.

460

Precommissioning Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was to determine the feasibility of the Navy providing all or part of precommissioning training. A case study of combat system maintenance management training for the CGN-38 (USS VIRGINIA) and the CGN-39 (USS TEXAS) was made. It was determined ...

C. C. Cordell R. V. Nutter H. Miller

1977-01-01

461

Transport of branched tetraether lipids from the Tagus River basin to the coastal ocean of the Portuguese margin: Consequences for the interpretation of the MBT'/CBT paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs), which are transported from soil to marine sediment by rivers, have been used to reconstruct the mean annual air temperature(MAAT) and soil pH of the drainage basin using the methylation index of branched tetraethers(MBT, recently refined as MBT') and cyclization index of branched tetraethers (CBT) from coastal marine sediment records. In this study we are tracing the brGDGTs from source to sink in the Tagus River basin, the longest river system on the Iberian Peninsula, by determining their concentration and distribution in soils, river suspended particulate matter (SPM), riverbank sediments, marine SPM, and marine surface sediments. The concentrations of brGDGTs in river SPM were substantially higher and their distributions were different compared to those of the drainage basin soils. This indicates that brGDGTs are mainly produced in the river itself. In the marine environment, the brGDGT concentrations rapidly decreased with increasing distance from the Tagus estuary. At the same time, the brGDGT distributions in marine sediments also changed,indicating that marine in-situ production also takes place. These results show that there are various problems that complicate the use of the MBT'/CBT for paleoreconstructions using coastal marine sediments in the vicinity of a river. However, if the majority of brGDGTs are produced in the river, it might be possible to reconstruct the environmental (temperature and pH) conditions of the river water using appropriate aquatic calibrations, provided that marine core locations are chosen in such a way that the brGDGTs in their sediments are predominantly derived from riverine in-situ production.

Zell, Claudia; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Balinsha, Maria; Dorhout, Denise; Santos Fernandez, Cten; Baas, Marianne; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

2014-05-01

462

Southern Ductile Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual contains the materials required to conduct the competency-based workplace literacy program that was developed to help employees at a foundry that has evolved from a small, family-owned business into a major foundry group with several automated production systems. The workplace literacy program consists of 24 lessons in…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

463

Individualized Assessment and Treatment Program for Alcohol Dependence: Results of an Initial Study to Train Coping Skills  

PubMed Central

Aims Cognitive-behavioral treatments (CBT) are among the most popular interventions offered for alcohol and other substance use disorders, but it is not clear how they achieve their effects. CBT is purported to exert its beneficial effects by altering coping skills, but data supporting coping changes as the mechanism of action are mixed. The purpose of this pilot study was to test a treatment in which coping skills were trained in a highly individualized way, allowing us to determine if such training would result in an effective treatment. Design Participants were assigned randomly to a comprehensive packaged CBT program (PCBT), or to an Individualized Assessment and Treatment Program (IATP). The IATP program employed experience sampling via cellphone to assess coping skills prior to treatment, and provided therapists a detailed understanding of patients' coping strengths and deficits. Setting Outpatient treatment. Participants A total of 110 alcohol dependent men and women. Measurements Participants in both conditions completed experience sampling of situations, drinking and coping efforts prior to, and following, 12 weeks of treatment. Timeline follow-back procedures were also used to record drinking at baseline and posttreatment. Findings IATP yielded higher proportion days abstinent (PDA) at posttreatment (p < .05) than did PCBT, and equivalent heavy drinking days. IATP also elicited more momentary coping responses, and less drinking, in high risk situations, as recorded by experience sampling at posttreatment. Posttreatment coping response rates were associated with decreases in drinking. Conclusions The IATP approach was more successful than PCBT at training adaptive coping responses for use in situations presenting high-risk for drinking. The highly individualized IATP approach may prove to be an effective treatment strategy for alcohol dependent patients.

Litt, Mark D.; Kadden, Ronald M.; Kabela-Cormier, Elise

2009-01-01

464

[Brachytherapy training].  

PubMed

Treatment technique training needs theoretical and practical knowledge allowing proposing the right treatment for the right patient, but also allowing performing the technical gesture in the best conditions for an optimal result with a maximal security. The evolution of the brachytherapy techniques needs the set up of specific theoretical and practical training sessions. The present article focuses on the importance of the brachytherapy training as well as the different means currently available for the young radiation oncologist community for perfecting their education. National and international trainings are presented. The role of the simulation principle in the frame of brachytherapy is also discussed. Even if brachytherapy is not always an easy technique, its efficacy and its medico-economical impact need to be passed down to motivated students with the implementation of relevant educational means. PMID:23402877

Hannoun-Lévi, J-M; Marchesi, V; Peiffert, D

2013-04-01

465

Training | Poster  

Cancer.gov

Data Management Services, Inc. (DMS), has announced the opening of its spring session of software training classes, available to all employees at NCI at Frederick. Classes begin on March 31 and run through June 30.

466

Trains Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Trains magazine is billed as "THE magazine of railroading," covering short line and Class I railroads, along with details on the business side of operations, and details on equipment, policy news, and information on tourist railroads. New users will note that some of the materials here are for subscribers only, but much of the site is available to the general public. The News Wire area is a great place to get caught up with regulatory changes, services modifications, and information about intergovernmental affairs affecting railroad operations. Moving along, the Railroad Reference area features great maps like "Top Intermodal Lines in North America, 2004" and "Norfolk Southern's Predecessors." The Interactive area contains interviews with railroad insiders, a 24-hour train webcam from Rochelle, Illinois, and web exclusives. The site is rounded out by the Tourist Train Guidebook area, which offers up-to-date information on the operations of tourist trains around the United States and Canada.

467

Toxic Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental training updates employees on state and federal environmental regulations. It helps to keep companies in compliance with regulations, keeps communities safe from hazardous waste, and keeps employees healthy. (JOW)

Filipczak, Bob

1992-01-01

468

Train race  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive game, students compute the mean, median, and range of the running times of various trains, then select the one train that will get to the destination on time. Players can select one of three levels of difficulty. During play, if an incorrect value is entered, feedback is immediate. Tips for students are available as well as a full explanation of the key instructional ideas underlying the game.

2007-12-12

469

Train Trouble  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Technology Problem of the Week (tPoW) challenges students to use proportional reasoning to determine the speed of a train that two children in a tunnel evade by running in opposite directions, given only the kids' relative starting position and speed as they run out of the tunnel. It links to the Geometer's Sketchpad sketch "Train Tunnel." Solve and explain your solution; download hints and answer checks. Free registration is required.

Forum, The M.

1999-01-01

470

Need for a global obstetric fistula training strategy.  

PubMed

Obstetric fistula is a complication of childbirth that often follows obstructed labor and is almost exclusive to low-resource countries. The original Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD 1990 Study) reported an incidence of 8.68 per 100000 and a prevalence of 51.35 per 100,000 for women aged 15-44 years in low-resource regions. The most cited global prevalence estimate is 2 million women. Although the global burden of obstetric fistula remains unclear, the number of women suffering from the condition is increasing, while surgical treatment remains limited. There are few experienced fistula surgeons and past surgical training approaches have been inconsistent. The Global Competency-Based Fistula Surgery Training Manual developed by FIGO and partners contains a set curriculum and, to ensure its implementation, a global strategy and training program have been developed. This paper describes key elements of the training program and its implementation. The anticipated impact of the training program is a reduction in global morbidity caused by obstetric fistula. PMID:22884819

Rushwan, Hamid; Khaddaj, Sinan; Knight, Louise; Scott, Rachel

2012-10-01

471

Extreme Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can one learn to lead on the flying trapeze? That's the question prompted by the exotic variations on the theme of experiential learning. By taking employees or executives (or both) out of their work element and putting them through an experience together, training professionals try to create learning that is more meaningful than PowerPoint…

Dolezalek, Holly

2010-01-01

472

Training Unpolluters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortage of trained manpower remains a troublesome problem that must be overcome if the national attack on water pollution succeeds. The total number of persons treating waste water in 1967 was 11,300 professionals, 10,300 technicians, 23,500 sewage treatment plant operators, and 50,000 maintenance workers. (BC)

Manpower, 1970

1970-01-01

473

Interval Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regardless of the type of physical activity used, interval training is simply repeated periods of physical stress interspersed with recovery periods during which activity of a reduced intensity is performed. During the recovery periods, the individual usually keeps moving and does not completely recover before the next exercise interval (e.g.,…

President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, Washington, DC.

474

Attribute Trains  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive Java applet helps students learn about sequences and patterns through analysis of attributes. The user analyzes the existing pattern and must complete the "train" by dragging the appropriate shapes into place. The user is required to discern which attribute is used to create the pattern (color, shape, or number) as well as determine how to extend it.

2010-01-01

475

Training Seminars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workers' organizations have to organize their efforts to study working and living conditions of employees in commerce and offices according to their own country's need. In Africa, the first regional seminar for improving the training of union officials and workers' education instructors attracted 20 participants to discuss topics of common…

Labour Education, 1975

1975-01-01

476

Impact of seasonal hydrological variation on the distributions of tetraether lipids along the Amazon River in the central Amazon basin: implications for the MBT/CBT paleothermometer and the BIT index.  

PubMed

Suspended particulate matter (SPM) was collected along the Amazon River in the central Amazon basin and in three tributaries during the rising water (RW), high water (HW), falling water (FW) and low water (LW) season. Changes in the concentration and the distribution of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs), i.e., the methylation index of branched tetraethers (MBT) and the cyclization of brGDGTs (CBT), were seen in the Amazon main stem. The highest concentration of core lipid (CL) brGDGTs normalized to particulate organic carbon (POC) was found during the HW season. During the HW season the MBT and CBT in the Amazon main stem was also most similar to that of lowland Amazon (terra firme) soils, indicating that the highest input of soil-derived brGDGTs occurred due to increased water runoff. During the other seasons the MBT and CBT indicated an increased influence of in situ production of brGDGTs even though soils remained the main source of brGDGTs. Our results reveal that the influence of seasonal variation is relatively small, but can be clearly detected. Crenarchaeol was mostly produced in the river. Its concentration was lower during the HW season compared to that of the other seasons. Hence, our study shows the complexity of processes that influence the GDGT distribution during the transport from land to ocean. It emphasizes the importance of a detailed study of a river basin to interpret the MBT/CBT and BIT records for paleo reconstructions in adjacent marine setting. PMID:23966986

Zell, Claudia; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Abril, Gwenaël; Sobrinho, Rodrigo Lima; Dorhout, Denise; Moreira-Turcq, Patricia; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S

2013-01-01

477

Management Training, Yes! Excellence?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management training programs are a necessity for transportation supervisors. Basic and advanced training programs are available through associations for business officials and university fleet management training programs. (MLF)

Davis, Gary E.

1990-01-01

478

Training Requirements in OSHA Standards and Training Guidelines (Revised).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Introduction (Training Model, Review Commission Implications); Training Guidelines (Determining If Training is Needed, Identifying Training Needs, Identifying Goals and Objectives, Developing Learning Activities, Conducting the Training, Evaluat...

1995-01-01

479

Conventional Training Versus Game-Based Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Game-based training is a promising medium for training effectiveness, particularly in military training environments; however, there are few empirically-supported guidelines on how to best implement this approach. The development of a theoretically-driven...

A. Spiker R. Karp T. Mautone

2006-01-01

480

The development of a pilot training program for peer leaders in diabetes: Process and content  

PubMed Central

Purpose The goal of this study is to describe the process of developing a program that trains peers to facilitate an empowerment-based diabetes self-management support (DSMS) intervention. Methods To guide and advise the development process, we formed a peer leader training (PLT) action committee. The committee was an interdisciplinary group (principal investigator, nurse and dietician certified diabetes educators, nutritionist, physician, and three community members) that met every three months over a one-year period for continuous quality improvement (CQI) meetings. During CQI meetings, the committee reviewed and supervised the curriculum development, provided feedback, and informed modifications and improvements. Results The resulting PLT program is a 46-hour training program with two training sessions conducted per week over a 12-week period. The competency-based training program is based on the theory of experiential learning and consists of three major components including building a diabetes-related knowledge base, developing skills (communication, facilitation, and behavior change), and applying skills in experiential settings. All components are integrated within each training session using a wide range of instructional methods including group brainstorming, group sharing, role-play, peer leader simulations, and group facilitation simulations. Conclusion Through the process described above, we developed a training program that equips peer leaders with the knowledge and skills to facilitate empowerment-based DSMS interventions. Future directions include conducting and evaluating the peer training program.

Tang, Tricia S.; Funnell, Martha M.; Gillard, Marylou; Nwankwo, Robin; Heisler, Michele

2014-01-01

481

Academic affiliated training centers in humanitarian health, Part I: program characteristics and professionalization preferences of centers in North America.  

PubMed

The collaborative London based non-governmental organization network ELRHA (Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance) supports partnerships between higher education institutions and humanitarian organizations worldwide with the objective to enhance the professionalization of the humanitarian sector. While coordination and control of the humanitarian sector has plagued the response to every major crisis, concerns highlighted by the 2010 Haitian earthquake response further catalyzed and accelerated the need to ensure competency-based professionalization of the humanitarian health care work force. The Harvard Humanitarian Initiative sponsored an independent survey of established academically affiliated training centers in North America that train humanitarian health care workers to determine their individual training center characteristics and preferences in the potential professionalization process. The survey revealed that a common thread of profession-specific skills and core humanitarian competencies were being offered in both residential and online programs with additional programs offering opportunities for field simulation experiences and more advanced degree programs. This study supports the potential for the development of like-minded academic affiliated and competency-based humanitarian health programs to organize themselves under ELRHA's regional "consultation hubs" worldwide that can assist and advocate for improved education and training opportunities in less served developing countries. PMID:23351967

Burkle, Frederick M; Walls, Alexa E; Heck, Joan P; Sorensen, Brian S; Cranmer, Hilarie H; Johnson, Kirsten; Levine, Adam C; Kayden, Stephanie; Cahill, Brendan; VanRooyen, Michael J

2013-04-01

482

Sports Training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Practitioners of martial arts have long seen a need for a precise method of measuring the power of a karate kick or a boxer's punch in training and competition. Impax sensor is a piezoelectric film less than one thousandth of an inch thick, yet extremely durable. They give out a voltage impulse when struck, the greater the force of impact, the higher the voltage. The impulse is transmitted to a compact electronics package where voltage is translated into a force-pounds reading shown on a digital display. Impax, manufactured by Impulse Technology, Inc. is used by martial arts instructors, practitioners, U.S. Olympic Committee Training Center, football blocking sleds, and boxers as well as police defensive tactics, providing a means of evaluating the performance of recruits.

1988-01-01

483

Ear Training  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using these websites, you can practice your ear training skills. There are links for intervals, chords, and short melodic segments. First, you should go to this website to practice intervals. Intervals Begin with the first option (simple intervals up). After mastering this, move to simple intervals down. As you become more advanced, continue down the line of interval options. They will become more difficult as you ...

2009-09-15

484

HERA Training Facility Concept.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper presents the results of a study to implement HErmes Robot Arm (HERA) training concepts onto a set of training facilities. Three training centers were found to meet the functional facility requirements: The Robotics Training Facility at ESTEC, th...

C. N. A. Pronk J. J. M. Prins J. L. Dupont P. Simkens J. J. R. Plas A. Uittenbogaard

1992-01-01

485

Education and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics discussed include (1) establishment of a national vocational training service in Nicaragua; (2) vocational training in Senegal; (3) national vocational training week in the Ukraine; and (4) inplant training in the U.S.S.R. (SK)

Social and Labour Bulletin, 1980

1980-01-01

486

Hazmat Training: Recognizing "Gremlins."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents suggestions and benefits of training programs that extend beyond government regulations for hazardous waste management training procedures. Discusses requirements, environmental concerns, identifying employees for training, administrative details that support training needs, and evaluations. (MCO)

Cherniak, Michael J.

1992-01-01

487

Media Training  

SciTech Connect

With the LHC starting up soon, the world's media are again turning their attention to CERN. We're all likely to be called upon to explain what is happening at CERN to media, friends and neighbours. The seminar will be given by BBC television news journalists Liz Pike and Nadia Marchant, and will deal with the kind of questions we're likely to be confronted with through the restart period. The training is open for everybody. Make sure you arrive early enough to get a seat - there are only 200 seats in the Globe. The session will also be webcast: http://webcast.cern.ch/

None

2009-12-11

488

Media Training  

ScienceCinema

With the LHC starting up soon, the world's media are again turning their attention to CERN. We're all likely to be called upon to explain what is happening at CERN to media, friends and neighbours. The seminar will be given by BBC television news journalists Liz Pike and Nadia Marchant, and will deal with the kind of questions we're likely to be confronted with through the restart period. The training is open for everybody. Make sure you arrive early enough to get a seat - there are only 200 seats in the Globe. The session will also be webcast: http://webcast.cern.ch/

489

Media Training  

ScienceCinema

With the LHC starting up soon, the world's media are again turning their attention to CERN. We're all likely to be called upon to explain what is happening at CERN to media, friends and neighbours. The seminar will be given by BBC television news journalists Liz Pike and Nadia Marchant, and will deal with the kind of questions we're likely to be confronted with through the restart period. The training is open for everybody. Make sure you arrive early enough to get a seat - there are only 200 seats in the Globe. The session will also be webcast: http://webcast.cern.ch/

None

2011-10-06

490

An E-mail Delivered CBT for Sleep-Health Program for College Students: Effects on Sleep Quality and Depression Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: We examined the effects of a cognitive behavioral self-help program (Refresh) to improve sleep, on sleep quality and symptoms of depression among first-year college students. Methods: Students in one residence hall (n = 48) participated in Refresh and students in another residence hall (n = 53) participated in a program of equal length (Breathe) designed to improve mood and increase resilience to stress. Both programs were delivered by e-mail in 8 weekly PDF files. Of these, 19 Refresh program participants and 15 Breathe program participants reported poor sleep quality at baseline (scores ? 5 on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI]). Participants completed the PSQI and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) at baseline and post-intervention. Results: Among students with poor sleep (PSQI > 5) at baseline, participation in Refresh was associated with greater improvements in sleep quality and greater reduction in depressive symptoms than participation in Breathe. Among students with high sleep quality at baseline there was no difference in baseline to post-intervention changes in sleep (PSQI) or depressive symptom severity (CES-D). Conclusions: A cognitive behavioral sleep improvement program delivered by e-mail may be a cost effective way for students with poor sleep quality to improve their sleep and reduce depressive symptoms. An important remaining question is whether improving sleep will also reduce risk for future depression. Citation: Trockel M; Manber R; Chang V; Thurston A; Tailor CB. An e-mail delivered CBT for sleep-health program for college students: effects on sleep quality and depression symptoms. J Clin Sleep Med 2011;7(3):276-281.

Trockel, Mickey; Manber, Rachel; Chang, Vickie; Thurston, Alexandra; Tailor, Craig Barr

2011-01-01

491

A pilot study of a practice management training module for medical residents  

PubMed Central

Background In 2005 a competency based curriculum was introduced in the Dutch postgraduate medical training programs. While the manager’s role is one of the seven key competencies, there is still no formal management course in most postgraduate curricula. Based on a needs assessment we conducted, several themes were identified as important for a possible management training program. We present the results of the pilot training we performed to investigate two of these themes. Methods The topics “knowledge of the healthcare system” and “time management” were developed from the list of suggested management training themes. Fourteen residents participated in the training and twenty-four residents served as control. The training consisted of two sessions of four hours with a homework assignment in between. 50 True/false-questions were given as pre- and post-test to both the test and control groups to assess the level of acquired knowledge among the test group as well as the impact of the intervention. We also performed a qualitative evaluation using evaluation forms and in-depth interviews. Results All fourteen residents completed the training. Six residents in the control group were lost to follow up. The pre- and post-test showed improvement among the participating residents in comparison to the residents from the control group, but this improvement was not significant. The qualitative assessment showed that all residents evaluated the training positively and experienced it as a useful addition to their training in becoming a medical specialist. Conclusion Our training was evaluated positively and considered to be valuable. This study supports the need for mandatory medical management training as part of the postgraduate medical curriculum. Our training could be an example of how to teach two important themes in the broad area of medical management education.

2014-01-01

492

Training for Training: Preparing Students for Work in Organizational Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper on the training of industrial and organizational (I/O) trainers, is written for undergraduate psychology curriculum developers, to provide information relevant to the preparation of psychology students for entry level positions in training and development. The eight phases in the development and implementation of a training program are…

Reed, Jeffrey G.

493

Advanced training systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Training is a major endeavor in all modern societies. Common training methods include training manuals, formal classes, procedural computer programs, simulations, and on-the-job training. NASA's training approach has focussed primarily on on-the-job training in a simulation environment for both crew and ground based personnel. NASA must explore new approaches to training for the 1990's and beyond. Specific autonomous training systems are described which are based on artificial intelligence technology for use by NASA astronauts, flight controllers, and ground based support personnel that show an alternative to current training systems. In addition to these specific systems, the evolution of a general architecture for autonomous intelligent training systems that integrates many of the features of traditional training programs with artificial intelligence techniques is presented. These Intelligent Computer Aided Training (ICAT) systems would provide much of the same experience that could be gained from the best on-the-job training.

Savely, Robert T.; Loftin, R. Bowen

1990-01-01

494

Training from the Start.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The time to plan training is in the research and development stage of a new product. Seven major steps are online training, process validation, skills certification, development of manufacturing training instructions, skills verification, transfer training, and offline training and certification. (SK)

Cocheu, Ted

1990-01-01

495

Management Training in Retailing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for prospective members of the new Distributive Industrial Training Board in Great Britain, this training guide concentrates on managerial functions in retailing; the selection of trainees; the planning of in-company and external training programs; scheduling and continuity of training; roles of training personnel; and the use of various…

Veness, C. Rosina

496

Spaced cognitive training promotes training transfer.  

PubMed

Cognitive training studies yield wildly inconsistent results. One dimension on which studies vary is the scheduling of training sessions (Morrison and Chein, 2011). In this study, we systematically address whether or not spacing of practice influences training and transfer. We randomly assigned 115 fifth grade children to an active control group or one of four training groups who received working memory training based on a "running span" task (Zhao et al., 2011). All groups received the same total amount of training: 20 sessions of training with 60 trials for an average of 20 min per session. The training was spread across 2, 5, 10, or 20 days. The active control group received 20-min sessions of math instruction for 20 sessions. Before and after training participants in all five groups performed a single transfer test that assessed fluid intelligence, the Raven's Progressive Matrices Test. Overall, participants in all four training groups improved significantly on the training task (at least partially), as reflected by increased speed. More importantly, the only training group to show significant improvement on the Raven's was the group who had the greatest amount of spacing (20 days group) during training and improvement in this group was significantly higher than that of the control group. PMID:24782744

Wang, Zuowei; Zhou, Renlai; Shah, Priti

2014-01-01

497

Spaced cognitive training promotes training transfer  

PubMed Central

Cognitive training studies yield wildly inconsistent results. One dimension on which studies vary is the scheduling of training sessions (Morrison and Chein, 2011). In this study, we systematically address whether or not spacing of practice influences training and transfer. We randomly assigned 115 fifth grade children to an active control group or one of four training groups who received working memory training based on a “running span” task (Zhao et al., 2011). All groups received the same total amount of training: 20 sessions of training with 60 trials for an average of 20 min per session. The training was spread across 2, 5, 10, or 20 days. The active control group received 20-min sessions of math instruction for 20 sessions. Before and after training participants in all five groups performed a single transfer test that assessed fluid intelligence, the Raven's Progressive Matrices Test. Overall, participants in all four training groups improved significantly on the training task (at least partially), as reflected by increased speed. More importantly, the only training group to show significant improvement on the Raven's was the group who had the greatest amount of spacing (20 days group) during training and improvement in this group was significantly higher than that of the control group.

Wang, Zuowei; Zhou, Renlai; Shah, Priti

2014-01-01

498

National Biocontainment Training Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Biocontainment Training Center (NBTC) provides standards-based theoretical and practical training to trainees and professionals preparing for work in biocontainment laboratories where especially dangerous pathogens will be handled. Training i...

J. LeDuc

2011-01-01

499

National Biocontainment Training Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Biocontainment Training Center (NBTC) provideds standards-based theortical and practical training to trainees and professionals preparing for work in biocontainment laboratories where especially dangerous pathogens will be handled. Training i...

J. LeDuc

2010-01-01

500

Surviving Toilet Training  

MedlinePLUS

... Community Resource Packet » Surviving Toilet Training Surviving Toilet Training Download (PDF - 66 KB) Ver en Español Most children are ready for toilet training sometime between their second and third birthdays. This ...