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1

Origins of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the theories and social factors that contributed to the development of competency-based training (CBT). These include behaviorism (Edward L. Thorndike), scientific management (Frederick Taylor), progressive education (John Dewey), and derivative theories including operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), objectives-based…

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

2

Discipline, Governmentality and 25 Years of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the many critiques of competency-based approaches to education and training (CBT) is a strain which draws on Foucault's analysis of "disciplinary" power and knowledge. Foucault offered an interpretation of modern institutions, such as prisons, armies and schools, which revealed subtle mechanisms of surveillance and systems of knowledge that…

Hodge, Steven; Harris, Roger

2012-01-01

3

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

4

Competency Based Training. How To Do It--for Trainers. A Guide for Teachers and Trainers on Approaches to Competency Based Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, which is intended for vocational educators/trainers in Australia, explains the principles and techniques of competency-based training (CBT). The following topics are discussed in the first 10 sections: the decision to adopt CBT in Australia; the meaning of competency; teaching and learning to become competent (competency standards as…

Worsnop, Percy J.

5

Competency Based Training. NCVER Research Forum (Adelaide, Australia, November 10, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication reports on a forum on competency based training (CBT) research in Australia. Section 1 contains biographies of presenters and panel members. Section 2 presents an overview of the research and highlights key findings. Summaries follow of each of the five key projects. "The CBT Decade: Teaching for Flexibility and Adaptability"…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).

6

Competency-based training: who benefits?  

PubMed

Competency based training describes progression through training referenced to the demonstrated ability to perform certain tasks. In recent years, this has become the dominant curriculum model. We seek to examine who benefits from a competency based approach to medical education. For the regulators and service, the apparent advantage is in terms of apparent measurable accountability and flexibility. For assessors, the promise of competence based assessments in the workplace to provide a reliable and objective measurement of a trainee's performance has not been demonstrated in practice. For the doctor in training, there is very little evidence to show benefit from competency based training. Competency based training places emphasis on individual skills rather than overall learning experience thus risks diminishing the role of the trainee in the workplace. Any form of medical education that devalues workplace based learning will ultimately harm the profession and, in turn, patient care. PMID:23019588

Brightwell, Alexandra; Grant, Janet

2013-02-01

7

Competency-Based Training, Global Skills Mobility and the Teaching of International Students in Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, all vocational education and training (VET) qualifications must be based on competency-based training (CBT) and training packages. Yet, since 2005, there has been a major expansion in the number of VET international students in Australia, 85% of whom are from Asia. Given this development, the teaching and learning contexts in which…

Tran, Ly Thi; Nyland, Chris

2013-01-01

8

Why CBT Isn't Just for Training Anymore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the market for computer-based training (CBT) programs, the distribution and marketing of these programs, why CBT is different from other training products for corporate customers, evaluating CBT programs, the competition between CBT and video, and corporations wanting customized training programs. (CT)

Gordon, Jack

1986-01-01

9

Introducing competency-based postgraduate medical training: gains and losses  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to explore the gains and losses, from the trainees’ perspective, that occur when replacing process-oriented basic medical training with competency-based training and to explore whether competency-based training can justify a reduction in clinical training. Methods We performed a national cross-sectional survey of attitudes of Danish doctors who had completed either the old process-oriented 18-month training period (n=671) or the new competency-based 12-month training period (n=547). A total of 1218 doctors were included and 792 of them completed an online survey, yielding a response rate of 65%. Results Trainees of the old process-oriented programme (53%) felt more ready to continue medical training than the doctors (84%) who followed the new and shorter competency-based programme. The differences was statistically significant (t (790) = 11.16; p<0.0001). The latter group did not feel the competency-based programme improved the learning environment. Some trainees reported that learning objectives seem to optimize their learning within defined learning frames. They valued a curriculum that should not only contain learning objectives but that should also ensure relevant learning opportunities, providing sufficient time for learning and useful feedback. Conclusions It is unlikely that a competency-based curriculum can justify a significant reduction in the time spent on clinical training. The learning approaches and the amount of time that we dedicate to training are important. Implementation of a new curriculum requires a substantial effort.

Kodal, Troels; Shaughnessy, Allen F.; Qvesel, Dorte

2011-01-01

10

Competency-Based Education and Training. Myths and Realities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proponents of competency-based education and training (CBET) promote it as a way to improve the correspondence between education/training and workplace requirements. CBET's opponents consider it excessively reductionist, narrow, and rigid, as well as theoretically, empirically, and pedagogically unsound. The following are among the issues…

Kerka, Sandra

11

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Firefighter Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum, developed by firefighters and educators in West Virginia, is designed for use as a resource for the development of improved firefighter training programs. It consists of an introductory note to the instructor and 140 competency sheets. These sheets deal with tasks in the following areas: general…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

12

Competency Based Teacher Training Programs for Teachers of the Visually Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a paper presented at the 55th Annual International Convention of the Council for Exceptional Children in 1977, the article examines ways of defining competency-based training for teachers of the visually handicapped, and notes some practical difficulties of establishing competency-based programs. (Author)

Swallow, Rose-Marie

1978-01-01

13

A Disciplinary Perspective of Competency-Based Training on the Acquisition of Employability Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the changing global economy, employability skills increasingly are the focus of vocational education and training institutions. This paper explores the effect of academic disciplines, students' background characteristics and industry training on the acquisition of employability skills through competency-based training. A significant…

Boahin, Peter; Hofman, Adriaan

2013-01-01

14

A structured competency based training programme for junior trainees in emergency medicine: the "Dundee Model"  

PubMed Central

Recent changes in medical training prompted by Modernising Medical Careers and the New Deal requires a more structured, competency based training programme. This paper describes the development of such a programme in an emergency medicine department of a teaching hospital. It describes the process of design and the various aspects incorporated to develop a balanced system of training, appraisal, and assessment. PMID:16373797

Cook, R J; Pedley, D K; Thakore, S

2006-01-01

15

Competency-Based Behavior Consultation Training: An Evaluation of Consultant Outcomes, Treatment Effects, and Consumer Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessments of consultants, clients, and consumer satisfaction were used to examine the effects of a competency-based consultation training program conducted over 4 years. Using a multiple-baseline framework to assess training effects on consultants and single-case study designs to evaluate changes in client behavior, a number of significant…

Lepage, Kathy; Kratochwill, Thomas R.; Elliott, Stephen N.

2004-01-01

16

Competency-Based Training: Objective Structured Clinical Exercises (OSCE) in Marriage and Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of marriage and family therapy (MFT) has recently engaged in the process of defining core competencies for the profession. Many MFT training programs are adapting their curriculum to develop more competency-based training strategies. The Objective Structured Clinical "Examination" (OSCE) is widely used in the medical profession to assess…

Miller, John K.

2010-01-01

17

Competency Based Training Program for Department Chairpersons and Other Resource Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Competency Based Training Program is a three part, three phase package. It contains: (1) a research document; (2) a set of 18 programed units and; (3) cassettes to accompany two specific units. The program phases require that: (1) the participant and a training advisor jointly perform a needs assessment activity and select appropriate units…

Bingen, Frances N.; And Others

18

The Australian Way: Competency-Based Training in the Corporate Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examples from road construction, mining, and other Australian industries show that the corporate sector has responded slowly to the introduction of a national framework for competency-based training. As industry bears more of the costs of training, it has yet to see returns in terms of productivity gains. (SK)

Kellie, Deborah

1999-01-01

19

A Quarter of a Century of CBT: The Vicissitudes of an Idea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1983, a competency-based vocational education (CBVE) program began in Croydon Park College of TAFE, South Australia. This was six years before the Australian State Ministers of Vocational Education and Training decreed competency-based training (CBT) to be the national training imperative. Two reports were produced in 1985 and 1987, based on…

Harris, Roger; Hodge, Steven

2009-01-01

20

A competency-based parent training program for child abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluated an intervention program for child abusers using multiple outcome criteria and extended follow-up. 16 families were given the Parent–Child Interaction Form and the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory and were assigned to either treatment or control groups. All families were supervised by protective services, and none had requested help voluntarily. A treatment program involving group parent training in the clinic

David A. Wolfe; Jack Sandler; Keith Kaufman

1981-01-01

21

Challenges in Developing Competency-based Training Curriculum for Food Safety Regulators in India  

PubMed Central

Context: The Food Safety and Standards Act have redefined the roles and responsibilities of food regulatory workforce and calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Aims: 1) Identify the competencies needed among the food regulatory workforce in India. 2) Develop a competency-based training curriculum for food safety regulators in the country. 3) Develop training materials for use to train the food regulatory workforce. Settings and Design: The Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, led the development of training curriculum on food safety with technical assistance from the Royal Society for Public Health, UK and the National Institute of Nutrition, India. The exercise was to facilitate the implementation of new Act by undertaking capacity building through a comprehensive training program. Materials and Methods: A competency-based training needs assessment was conducted before undertaking the development of the training materials. Results: The training program for Food Safety Officers was designed to comprise of five modules to include: Food science and technology, Food safety management systems, Food safety legislation, Enforcement of food safety regulations, and Administrative functions. Each module has a facilitator guide for the tutor and a handbook for the participant. Essentials of Food Hygiene-I (Basic level), II and III (Retail/ Catering/ Manufacturing) were primarily designed for training of food handlers and are part of essential reading for food safety regulators. Conclusion: The Food Safety and Standards Act calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Despite having developed a comprehensive competency-based training curriculum by joint efforts by the local, national, and international agencies, implementation remains a challenge in resource-limited setting. PMID:25136155

Thippaiah, Anitha; Allagh, Komal Preet; Murthy, G. V.

2014-01-01

22

A single competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce: discussing the potential value add.  

PubMed

This brief discusses the policy implications of a research study commissioned by Health Workforce Australia (HWA) within its health workforce innovation and reform work program. The project explored conceptually complex and operationally problematic concepts related to developing a whole-of-workforce competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce and culminated with the production of three reports published by HWA. The project raised important queries as to whether such a concept is desirable, feasible or implementable - in short what is the potential value add and is it achievable? In setting the scene for discussion, the foundation of the project's genesis and focus of the study are highlighted. A summary of key definitions related to competency-based education and training frameworks and competency-based career frameworks are provided to further readers' commonality of understanding. The nature of the problem to be solved is explored and the potential value-add for the Australian health workforce and its key constituents proposed. The paper concludes by discussing relevance and feasibility issues within Australia's current and changing healthcare context along with the essential steps and implementation realities that would need to be considered and actioned if whole-of-workforce frameworks were to be developed and implemented. PMID:25279384

Brownie, Sharon Mary; Thomas, Janelle

2014-09-01

23

A single competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce: discussing the potential value add  

PubMed Central

This brief discusses the policy implications of a research study commissioned by Health Workforce Australia (HWA) within its health workforce innovation and reform work program. The project explored conceptually complex and operationally problematic concepts related to developing a whole-of-workforce competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce and culminated with the production of three reports published by HWA. The project raised important queries as to whether such a concept is desirable, feasible or implementable – in short what is the potential value add and is it achievable? In setting the scene for discussion, the foundation of the project’s genesis and focus of the study are highlighted. A summary of key definitions related to competency-based education and training frameworks and competency-based career frameworks are provided to further readers’ commonality of understanding. The nature of the problem to be solved is explored and the potential value-add for the Australian health workforce and its key constituents proposed. The paper concludes by discussing relevance and feasibility issues within Australia’s current and changing healthcare context along with the essential steps and implementation realities that would need to be considered and actioned if whole-of-workforce frameworks were to be developed and implemented.

Brownie, Sharon Mary; Thomas, Janelle

2014-01-01

24

A Review of the Child Development Associate Training Projects; National and Texas and Competency-Based Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the historical and theoretical background of the Child Development Project (CDA), started by the Office of Child Development because of an increased demand for quality day care. Competency-based teacher training requires a set of performance goals that includes a list of demonstrated behaviors, skills or knowledge which the…

Cook, Nancy

25

How competency?based training locks the working class out of powerful knowledge: a modified Bernsteinian analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that competency?based training in vocational education and training in Australia is one mechanism through which the working class is denied access to powerful knowledge represented by the academic disciplines. The paper presents a modified Bernsteinian analysis to argue that vocational education and training students need access to disciplinary knowledge using Bernstein’s argument that abstract, conceptual knowledge is

Leesa Wheelahan

2007-01-01

26

[Competency-based training and work world: from grading to employability].  

PubMed

Considered as an element of business discourse, the competence-based education emerges associated with processes of productive restructuring influencing the economy since 1970. These processes arise as a consequence of the crisis of the accumulation model based on mass production and consumption following the principles of taylorism and fordism. In the last decades, the State has been unable to solve the periodic crisis that afflicts late capitalism. Because of this, the State moves away from its economic mission, promotes marketing mechanisms and, in the meantime, it tries to manage the motivational crisis of the population. This challenge forces the State to take interest in the vital world of individuals trying to solve the legitimacy crisis through educational reforms that affect the world of work. The relationship between the vertiginous changes of working world and a new educational formation is explicit. This educational formation must consider (at the same time) the management capacity, learning capacity, teamwork capacity and self-training. Based on this situation, there is a direct relationship between technologic advances, the structural crisis of capitalism and work organization. Besides, the "qualification" term is replaced with "competency-based education". PMID:23258750

Estrada, John H M

2012-06-01

27

The CBT Decade: Teaching for Flexibility and Adaptability. An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contribution of competency-based training (CBT) to the development of an adaptable and flexible workforce was examined by analyzing documents and gathering data from teachers, industry representatives, enterprises, and students in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan sites in two Australian states: Victoria and Queensland. The study focused on…

Billett, Stephen; McKavanagh, Charlie; Beven, Fred; Angus, Lawrence; Seddon, Terri; Gough, John; Hayes, Sharon; Robertson, Ian

28

Workplace based assessment: a step to promote competency based postgraduate training.  

PubMed

There has been an increasing emphasis on defining outcomes of medical education in terms of performance of trainees. This is a step beyond the description of outcomes in terms of competence that encompasses mostly potential abilities rather than the actual performance. The contextual adaptations and behavior judgments of the trainees are best assessed by a program of in-training assessment. Workplace based assessment (WPBA) is one of the modalities, which assesses the trainee in authentic settings. Though Postgraduate (PG) medical training in India is said to be competency-based, most institutions do not have any formative or in-training assessment program for the same. The two cardinal elements of WPBA are direct observation and conducted in work place in addition to provision of feedback to the trainee. The WPBA conforms to the highest (Level 4: Does) of Millers pyramid and also has the potential to assess at all four levels. Some of the tools used for WPBA are: Logbooks, Clinical Encounter Cards (CEC), mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX), Case based discussions, Direct Observation of Procedural Skills (DOPS), Multisource feedback (peers, co-workers, seniors, patients) etc. These can be documented in the form of a portfolio that provides a longitudinal view of experiences and progress of the trainee. The WPBA scores high on validity and educational impact by virtue of being based on direct observation in real situation and contextual feedback. The feasibility and acceptability is enhanced by making appropriate choices of tools, advance planning, building of mutual trust, and training of assessors. Given the established benefits of WPBA in shaping clinical learning, there is an imminent need for including this mode of assessment in our clinical training programs especially PG training. PMID:23942397

Singh, Tejinder; Modi, Jyoti Nath

2013-06-01

29

Developing a higher specialist training programme in renal medicine in the era of competence-based training.  

PubMed

Renal specialty medical training in the UK was reformed in August 2007, with an emphasis placed on competency-based training and the publication of a new curriculum and assessment blueprint. This model of training places additional time demands on both trainees and trainers, with implications for job planning and service delivery. We evaluated the resource requirements and impact on service delivery of implementing a high-quality training programme in renal medicine. Each trainee maintained a portfolio containing details of workplace-based assessments. The change in educational environment led to improved trainee satisfaction. The mean total consultant time involved in implementing the training programme was 0.7 programmed activities (PAs) per trainee per week in the first year, which decreased to 0.5 PAs per trainee per week in the second year. This pilot study indicates that it is possible to integrate successful and high-quality specialty training in a busy clinical environment. The model outlined could form a template for postgraduate specialist training delivery in a variety of medical specialties. PMID:22930878

Kamesh, Lavanya; Clapham, Mike; Foggensteiner, Lukas

2012-08-01

30

Where does CBT (computer-based training) fit in, now that we know so much. A front end analysis study  

SciTech Connect

Computer-based training (CBT) has now been in existence for over two decades. It has been implemented in both the private sector and government organizations at an exponential rate. Nevertheless, many institutions, particularly educational institutions, have not yet introduced CBT. Our knowledge of what works and what does not, as well as hardware and software advances, has greatly increased in the past few years. This paper addresses many management considerations with respect to CBT. First, we consider the generic environment in which CBT might be used and then issues that affect costs and benefits, including lessons learned by the Cognitive Engineering Design and Research Team (CEDAR) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory in its assessments. The final section gives some ''how-to'' guidelines on increasing the probability of successfully introducing CBT into the training environment. The underlying theme of the paper is that management should be guided by what we now know about costs and benefits in its decisions regarding CBT and fight the lure of ''high tech'' glitter.

Andrews, A.E.; Trainor, M.S.

1987-01-01

31

A Randomized Clinical Trial of Transdiagnostic CBT for Anxiety Disorder by Comparison to Relaxation Training  

PubMed Central

Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders have been gaining increased attention and empirical study in recent years. Despite this, all of the research on transdiagnostic anxiety treatments to date have either not used a control condition, or have relied on no-treatment or delayed-treatment controls, thus limiting inferences about comparative efficacy. The current study was a randomized clinical trial examining the efficacy of a 12-week transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral group treatment in comparison to a 12-week comprehensive relaxation training program. Results from 87 treatment initiators suggested significant and statistically equivalent/non-inferior outcomes across conditions, although relaxation was associated with a greater rate of dropout despite no differences in treatment credibility. No evidence was found for any differential effects of transdiagnostic CBT for any primary or comorbid diagnoses. PMID:22697440

Norton, Peter J.

2012-01-01

32

CD-ROM (compact disc-read only memory): A delivery medium for CBT (computer-based training)  

SciTech Connect

Computer-based training (CBT) development has evolved from electronic page turners to a sophisticated instructional environment. The use of numerous large image files, large digital audio files, and complex computer-generated graphics files places great demands on a system's capacity for binary storage (disk space). One solution is the use of compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM). The explosive growth of CD-ROM players in the marketplace makes CD-ROM a viable delivery medium for CBT. Recently, a CBT package for radiation protection technicians at Los Alamos National Laboratory was produced on CD-ROM. The course is delivered on a multimedia system consisting of the following: MS DOS-based computer, CD-ROM player, high-resolution video graphics array monitor, scanned color images with graphic overlays, digital audio, and mouse interface. This paper will allow the reader to assess the appropriateness of CD-ROM for a specific project, report on lessons learned from the RPT project, demonstrate that CD-ROM is within reach of the average CBT developer, and provide guidelines for successfully developing CD-ROM based CBT. This paper can serve as a basic primer on how to adapt CD-ROM as a CBT medium. Some of the technical aspects that are discussed are listed here: CD-ROM basics for CBT development, availability of low-cost development environments, file organization, optimization of CD-ROM response times, effective use of digital audio and still frame graphics, and animation with CD-ROM.

Luettgen, A.L.; Houghton, F.K.; Andrews, A.E.

1991-01-01

33

Designing a Competency-Based New County Extension Personnel Training Program: A Novel Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary county personnel turnover occurs for a multitude of reasons, including the lack of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and job embeddedness and lack of proper training. Loss of personnel can be costly both economically and in terms of human capital. Retention of Extension professionals can be improved through proper training or…

Brodeur, Cheri Winton; Higgins, Cynthia; Galindo-Gonzalez, Sebastian; Craig, Diane D.; Haile, Tyann

2011-01-01

34

COMPETENCY-BASED TRAINING IN SMES: THE ROLE OF E-LEARNING AND E-COMPETENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we examine the training situation of Euro- pean Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), especially in regard to e-learning. While e-learning has been widely presented as the solution for the training needs of SMEs, analyses of the real situation show quite another picture. Some of these analyses are results of the project ARIEL - Analyzing and Reporting the

Ileana Hamburg; Steffi Engert

35

The Complete Guide to Training Delivery: A Competency-Based Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide focuses on 14 instructor competencies identified by the International Board of Standards for Training, Performance, and Instruction. It provides examples, job aids, worksheets, case studies, and sample dialogs and contains actual experiences and critical incidents faced by trainers who participated in the survey study. Strategies to…

King, Stephen B.; King, Marsha; Rothwell, William J.

36

A Bermuda Triangle? A Case Study of the Disappearance of Competence?based Vocational Training Policy in the Context of Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports some findings from an ESRC funded project on the implementation of National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) and competence?based vocational training. The theoretical perspective is informed by interactionist traditions within the sociology of education which bear witness to the importance of ethnographic work on policy implementation in order to explore social contexts and meanings at this level. The paper

Inge Bates; Judith Dutson

1995-01-01

37

Competency-Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the Competency-Based Teacher Education program at Florida A&M University (known as FAMU-CBTE) designed to permit teacher education trainees to become actively involved with youth at every stage of their university training. Theoretical aspects of learning to teach are transmitted through the use of training modules,…

Mohr, Paul B.; And Others

38

Direct Program Evaluation. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with background information and hands-on experiences for acquiring the skills necessary to direct a program evaluation, this competency-based learning module contains an introduction and four sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience consists of an overview,…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

39

Lessons Learned From a Community-Academic Initiative: The Development of a Core Competency-Based Training for Community-Academic Initiative Community Health Workers  

PubMed Central

Objectives Despite the importance of community health workers (CHWs) in strategies to reduce health disparities and the call to enhance their roles in research, little information exists on how to prepare CHWs involved in community–academic initiatives (CAIs). Therefore, the New York University Prevention Research Center piloted a CAI–CHW training program. Methods We applied a core competency framework to an existing CHW curriculum and bolstered the curriculum to include research-specific sessions. We employed diverse training methods, guided by adult learning principles and popular education philosophy. Evaluation instruments assessed changes related to confidence, intention to use learned skills, usefulness of sessions, and satisfaction with the training. Results Results demonstrated that a core competency–based training can successfully affect CHWs’ perceived confidence and intentions to apply learned content, and can provide a larger social justice context of their role and work. Conclusions This program demonstrates that a core competency–based framework coupled with CAI-research–specific skill sessions (1) provides skills that CAI–CHWs intend to use, (2) builds confidence, and (3) provides participants with a more contextualized view of client needs and CHW roles. PMID:22594730

Ruiz, Yumary; Matos, Sergio; Kapadia, Smiti; Islam, Nadia; Cusack, Arthur; Kwong, Sylvia; Trinh-Shevrin, Chau

2012-01-01

40

Providing competency-based family medicine residency training in substance abuse in the new millennium: a model curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This article, developed for the Betty Ford Institute Consensus Conference on Graduate Medical Education (December, 2008), presents a model curriculum for Family Medicine residency training in substance abuse. METHODS: The authors reviewed reports of past Family Medicine curriculum development efforts, previously-identified barriers to education in high risk substance use, approaches to overcoming these barriers, and current training guidelines of

J Paul Seale; Sylvia Shellenberger; Denice Crowe Clark

2010-01-01

41

The Rationale and Methodology for Development of a Competency Based Leadership Education and Training Program in the Navy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous attempts by the U.S. Navy to identify leadership potential within its ranks and to train for such leadership skills have been mostly unsuccessful since the efforts were based upon very subjective perceptions of good leadership qualities. To address this problem, the Navy, with the assistance of Dr. David McClelland, has described a set of…

Scanland, Worth; Pepper, Dorothy

42

The Multinational Transfer of Competency-Based Foster Parent Assessment, Selection, and Training: A Nine-Country Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes transfer of methods of the PRIDE program for foster parent training and assessment from Sweden and Finland, to Hungary, Norway, Poland, and Estonia. Discusses three critical factors: program content, methodology used to accomplish the transfer, and commitment of the transferring organizations and individuals involved. Considers the…

Herczog, Maria; van Pagee, Rob; Pasztor, Eileen Mayers

2001-01-01

43

The multinational transfer of competency-based foster parent assessment, selection, and training: a nine-country case study.  

PubMed

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child mandates (Articles 19 and 20) that alternative care be available to protect children from maltreatment by parents and caregivers. Increasingly, countries around the world have recognized the benefits to child well-being of family-based care as an alternative to institutional care. The special if not extraordinary needs of children separated from parents because of abuse, neglect, and maltreatment and placed with foster families requires a commensurate effort to develop foster families who have special if not extraordinary skills. Methods that are effective and replicable across countries offer significant advantages, reducing investments in policies and practices that otherwise would have to be developed independently, country by country. This case study describes the factors that contributed to the transfer of knowledge in the assessment, selection, and training of foster parents and the impact to date. PMID:11678420

Herczog, M; van Pagée, R; Pasztor, E M

2001-01-01

44

Underpinnings of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: To understand and appropriately implement competency-based education (CBE) to its fullest potential in professional programs, an investigation of its evolution is required. Objective: To reveal the development of the CBE approach now dominating many professional programs in higher education, including Athletic Training Education Programs…

Schilling, Jim F.; Koetting, J. Randall

2010-01-01

45

Competency Based Education: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography is a sampling of the types of publications which have appeared recently on the subject of competency based education. Emphasis is given to current (1970-76) materials and to adult career-related competencies. Titles specifically naming some phase of competency-based education are preferred above titles that emphasize performance,…

Cox, Helen, Ed.

46

The Design of Competency Based Learning Resources for VET Training Packages using learner centred, work centred and attribute focused simulation strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an approach for incorporating simulation strategies into the instructional design of learning resource materials for the Diploma of Accounting. At present Vocational Education and Training (VET) in Australia is on the verge of the implementation of the \\

Homi Azemikhah

47

Competency-Based Horticulture. Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of two competency-based horticulture curriculum guides developed by an Illinois project, this Floriculture guide provides the classroom teacher with specific tasks determined by state industry personnel to be necessary for entry-level job placement. It is intended for horticulture education at the senior high school and two year college level.…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

48

A Competency Based Certification System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Carroll County Competency Based Teacher Certification (CBTC) Project is a cooperative effort of the Carroll County School System and the School of Education, West Georgia College, intended to develop a plan for identifying and measuring teacher competency areas and related teacher behaviors, and the extent to which these teacher behaviors…

Coker, Homer; Coker, Joan G.

49

A Bermuda Triangle? A Case Study of the Disappearance of Competence-Based Vocational Training Policy in the Context of Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observations of job training of special needs students were analyzed in terms of operational demands, staffing levels, resources, and trainee interaction. The competence approach often disappeared in the face of more pressing concerns; it serves to legitimate a political response rather than solve an educational problem. (SK)

Bates, Inge; Dutson, Judith

1995-01-01

50

Competence Models in Technology-Enhanced Competence-Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Throughout the years competence-based management approaches have proved to be a critical tool in human resource management,\\u000a vocational training and performance management. As a result, competence-based approaches are often adopted as the key paradigm\\u000a in both formal or informal education and training programs. Despite this fact, the Technology-enhanced Learning (TeL) research\\u000a community has only recently considered undertaking research towards technology-enhanced

Demetrios Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2008-01-01

51

Case Formulation in TADS CBT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS), a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) manual was developed with the aim of balancing standardization and flexibility. In this article, we describe the manual's case formulation procedures, which served as one major mechanism of flexibility in TADS CBT. We first describe the essential…

Rogers, Gregory M.; Reinecke, Mark A.; Curry, John F.

2005-01-01

52

The Grade Debate. Should We Grade Competency-Based Assessment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent of and attitudes toward competency-based assessment in Australia's technical and further education (TAFE) sector were examined in a five-phase study that included the following activities: preliminary literature review and structured interviews with individuals/groups selected for their expertise in training in public and private…

Thomson, Peter; And Others

53

Auto Body Repair--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student manual is part of the competency based education curriculum for students training in auto body repair. The manual contains learning modules in eight areas; (1) occupational information, (2) trim and accessories, (3) glass, (4) painting and refinishing, (5) metal work, (6) body alignment, (7) frame work, and (8) estimating. Within each…

Radio Corp. of America, Palo Alto, CA. Education Systems.

54

Competency Based Language Education Curriculum Guide. [Tunisian Arabic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed for the Arabic language training of Peace Corps workers in Tunisia, and reflects daily communication needs in that context. An introductory section describes the materials' organization and competency-based approach, and lists the 28 specific competencies targeted and the constructions taught within each…

Choura, Abdessalem

55

The CBT (R)evolution and the Authoring Engines that Drive It.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of developments in computer-based training (CBT) authoring software and reviews the following products: Macromedia's Authorware, Aimtech's CBT Express, Iprax CourseWorks, Intersystem Concepts' Everest, Aimtech's IconAuthor, Innovus Multimedia, Allen Communication's QuestNet+, and Asymetrix's ToolBook II Instructor. A sidebar…

Hefner, Donna

1996-01-01

56

A Competency-Based System for Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet of competency-based instructional materials was developed for use in all sections of North Shore Community College's developmental composition course. Introductory material traces the development of the competency-based system at the college, which stemmed from a need for a more consistent approach in the composition classes. Next, the…

Lewis, Nancy; Sbaratta, Philip

57

Competency-Based Adult Education: Florida Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of program materials serves as an introduction to Florida's Brevard Community College's (BCC's) Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Project, a multi-year project designed to teach adult administrators, counselors, and teachers how to organize and implement a competency-based adult education (CBAE) program; to critique…

Singer, Elizabeth

58

Evaluation of the Sustainability and Clinical Outcome of Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) in a Child Protection Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the sustainability and outcome of Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) as delivered by practitioners in a community-based child protection program who had received training in the model several years earlier. Formerly described as Abuse-Focused CBT, AF-CBT is an evidence-based treatment (EBT) for…

Kolko, David J.; Iselin, Anne-Marie R.; Gully, Kevin J.

2011-01-01

59

Kiswahili Competency Based Manual. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed for Swahili language training of Peace Corps workers in Kenya, and reflects daily communication needs in that context. It consists of a series of topical lessons that contain simple dialogues, a vocabulary list, explanatory grammar notes, several exercises, and cultural notes. Lesson topics include greetings and…

Nzioka, Mary; And Others

60

Competency-Based Education for the Molecular Genetic Pathology Fellow  

PubMed Central

The following report represents guidelines for competency-based fellowship training in Molecular Genetic Pathology (MGP) developed by the Association for Molecular Pathology Training and Education Committee and Directors of MGP Programs in the United States. The goals of the effort were to describe each of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education competencies as they apply to MGP fellowship training, provide a summary of goals and objectives, and recommend assessment tools. These guidelines are particularly pertinent to MGP training, which is a relatively new specialty that operates within a rapidly changing scientific and technological arena. It is hoped that this document will provide additional material for directors of existing MGP programs to consider for improvement of program objectives and enhancement of evaluation tools already in place. In addition, the guidelines should provide a valuable framework for the development of new MGP programs. PMID:19797613

Talbert, Michael L.; Dunn, S. Terence; Hunt, Jennifer; Hillyard, David R.; Mirza, Imran; Nowak, Jan A.; Van Deerlin, Vivianna; Vnencak-Jones, Cindy L.

2009-01-01

61

Innovative Curriculum Revision (Competency-Based).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four year competency based education course for prospective physical education teachers is outlined. This course is divided into blocks and modules. The blocks consist of an arrangement of integrated learning experiences (combined from subjects conventionally separated) and directed toward specific student outcomes. The modules are units of a…

Abercrombie, Betty

62

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide consists of a comprehensive list of competency-based performance objectives dealing with selected skill and knowledge competencies considered basic to the preparation of teacher-educators in residential building construction. Thirteen units of instruction subclassified into forty-one teaching sections are included with…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield. Div. of Adult Vocational and Technical Education.

63

A Competency Based Teacher Certification System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a Competency Based Teacher Certification System is a cooperative effort of the Carroll County System and the School of Education, West Georgia College, supported by a grant from the Georgia State Department of Education. As a step toward solving the problem of recertifying teachers who possess basic credentials and have taught…

Coker, Homer

64

Competency-Based Horticulture: Gardening--Groundskeeping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program in gardening/groundskeeping. It contains a master resource list, a listing of gardening/groundskeeping resources available from various states, and 87 competency task sheets organized into 10…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

65

Cosmetology: Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These task analyses are designed to be used in combination with the "Trade and Industrial Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the cosmetology program in Virginia. The task analysis document contains the task inventory, suggested task sequence lists, and content outlines for the secondary courses…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

66

Competency-Based Teacher Education: A Scenario.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fictitious scenario embodies all the characteristics and dimensions for a fully developed competency-based teacher education program envisioned by the authors. A single program and its implications for students, faculty, and the institution are presented. Specific areas of the program covered 1) a fundamental description of the competency…

Weber, Wilford A.; Cooper, James M.

67

Machine Trades. A Competency Based Articulated Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a competency-based curriculum guide designed to promote articulation in machine trades vocational education programs between and among secondary and postsecondary institutions in the Indian Hills Community College and Merged Area XV high schools in Iowa. The guide is organized in 11 sections. The first six sections provide…

Mein, Jake; And Others

68

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use at Eastern Illinois University in a model curriculum designed to prepare secondary school teachers in the field of residential building, this curriculum guide provides a competency-based preservice construction trades program. The guide is divided into thirteen units as follows: (1) pre-construction planning; (2) structural…

Nelms, Howard F.

69

Not Just Falling over the Line? A Snapshot of Competency-Based Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of competency-based assessment (CBA) under Australia's National Training Framework was evaluated to provide indicators for improvement in CBA policy and practice. The evaluation included three data collection activities: a survey of 258 teachers, trainers, and assessors (response rate, 43%); a survey of 68 Industry Training

Dickson, Michelle; Bloch, Barbara

70

Competence-Based Blended Learning in Building Automation: Towards a EU Curriculum in "Domotica"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competence-based approach was applied to a blended learning on line distance training in the Euroinno EU project aimed at vocational training in building automation. The current paper describes the experience gathered during the learning process and the definition of the curriculum. A number of issues emerged during the sessions concerning…

Sommaruga, L.; De Angelis, E.

2007-01-01

71

The Case for Competency-Based Education. Fastback 118.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activity and interest in competency-based education are growing. As of March 1978, some type of competency-based education requirement had been instituted in 34 states. Many recent changes in American society are affecting competency-based education. For example, today's learners are likely to be lifelong learners, but their learning may be…

Parnell, Dale

72

A competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge using the Essential Bronchoscopist: An initial concept study  

PubMed Central

Background and objective Competency-based training and assessment are increasingly replacing the traditional structure- and process-based model of medical education. The web-based Essential Bronchoscopist (EB) is an open access, laddered, competency-based curriculum of question-answer sets pertaining to basic bronchoscopic knowledge, accessible in five languages. The purpose of this study was to use consensus to evaluate whether question-answer sets (items) from the EB could provide material from which to devise competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge that could be used in countries with different health-care environments. Methods Ten junior and five senior bronchoscopists in Argentina and the USA were asked to identify the material in each of the 186 items of the EB as either ‘not necessary’, ‘necessary’ or ‘absolutely necessary’ for inclusion in a competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge. The kappa statistic was used to analyse inter-rater agreement. Results More than 80% of the 30 participants rated 150 of 186 items as necessary or absolutely necessary. Seventy items were rated as absolutely necessary by more than 50% of participants and as necessary or absolutely necessary by more than 90%. There was no statistically significant difference between items selected, based on level of training or environment of practice. Conclusion Consensus among junior and senior bronchoscopists from two culturally different health-care environments demonstrated that question-answer sets from the EB can be used to provide material for competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge. PMID:18713095

DAVOUDI, Mohsen; QUADRELLI, Silvia; OSANN, Kathryn; COLT, Henri G.

2014-01-01

73

Treatment of bulimia nervosa: When CBT fails  

Microsoft Academic Search

Controlled studies have established manual-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the first-line treatment of choice for bulimia nervosa. Nevertheless, its effectiveness is limited. On average, only 50% of patients cease binge eating and purging. Of the remainder, some show partial improvement, whereas a small number derive no benefit at all. In treating nonresponders to CBT one option would be to use

G. Terence Wilson

1996-01-01

74

Competence Based Management Development Provision to SMEs and the Providers' Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A British study of 29 providers of competency-based management training to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and a survey of 591 SMEs revealed that the value of National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) was unclear to both groups. Providers felt NVQs lacked relevance to SMEs and were time consuming. Some SMEs participated only because…

Smith, Alison; Whittaker, John; Clark, John Loan; Boocock, Graham

1999-01-01

75

Competence based management development provision to SMEs and the providers’ perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been recognised that management training and development in SMEs is a relatively poorly researched area and that the influencing factors for SMEs are not well understood. This paper outlines a regional study of the interest in competence based management development amongst SMEs. This is compared with a study of the providers’ approach to management development provision for the

Alison Smith; John Whittaker; John Loan Clark; Graham Boocock

1999-01-01

76

Competency-Based Vocational Education: What It Means to Industry in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current crisis in education, coupled with the changing work force and changing business needs in the 1990s, poses a challenge for vocational education. Competency-based vocational education needs to evaluate its competencies to see if training graduates to meet them will serve the needs of the new work situation and keep the United States…

Wilson, Patricia A.

77

A Competency Based Special Education Undergraduate Internship at Western Carolina Center for the Mentally Retarded.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a competency based internship program at Western Carolina Center for the Mentally Retarded for undergraduate students in special education at Appalachian State University. Explained are the consumer based approach embodied in applied training programs, the goal of providing practical and reality-based applications of knowledge…

Caldwell, Erin Kent; Brooks, Benjamin L.

78

Towards a competency-based framework for nursing management education.  

PubMed

Defining a competency-based model for nursing management development will help to establish core competencies for nursing managers which will not only strengthen their practice and provide further learning and development opportunities, but will also provide the basis to focus training and professional development efforts. This paper identifies the competencies important for effective nursing management in the public and private health sectors. A total of 420 senior nursing managers in South Africa were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Respondents had to rate the importance of 51 competency items as it pertains to effective nursing management. Self-management, controlling, health/clinical, organizing, people management, planning and ethical/legal competencies were found the most valuable for optimal nursing management. These findings reflect the reality of the nursing management milieu and will be useful in the design and delivery of management development programmes aimed at enhancing nursing management capacity. PMID:21129106

Pillay, Rubin

2010-12-01

79

Competency-based education in anesthesiology: history and challenges.  

PubMed

The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education is transitioning to a competency-based system with milestones to measure progress and define success of residents. The confines of the time-based residency will be relaxed. Curriculum must be redesigned and assessments will need to be precise and in-depth. Core anesthesiology faculty will be identified and will be the "trained observers" of the residents' progress. There will be logistic challenges requiring creative management by program directors. There may be residents who achieve "expert" status earlier than the required 36 months of clinical anesthesia education, whereas others may struggle to achieve acceptable status and will require additional education time. Faculty must accept both extremes without judgment. Innovative new educational opportunities will need to be created for fast learners. Finally, it will be important that residents embrace this change. This will require programs to clearly define the specific aims and measurement endpoints for advancement and success. PMID:24158052

Ebert, Thomas J; Fox, Chris A

2014-01-01

80

A Novel CBT Web Course for the Substance Abuse Workforce: Community Counselors' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes (a) a Web-based course for substance abuse counselors on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and (b) the evaluation of a prototype module from the Web-based course to determine the feasibility of the e-learning program for a community-based counselor audience. The course is part of a unique study that trains

Larson, Mary Jo; Amodeo, Maryann; Storti, Susan A.; Steketee, Gail; Blitzman, Geri; Smith, Lauren

2009-01-01

81

Assessment to transform competency-based curricula.  

PubMed

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model. PMID:20221351

Farris, Karen B; Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A

2009-12-17

82

Assessment to Transform Competency-based Curricula  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model. PMID:20221351

Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A.

2009-01-01

83

Engagement in Trauma-Specific CBT for Youth Post-9/11.  

PubMed

Treatment participation was examined among youth enrolled in an evaluation of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for trauma following the 9/11 World Trade Center disaster. Staff at nine agencies serving a predominantly low-income ethnically diverse population were trained to deliver CBT and structured engagement strategies. Four hundred and forty-five youth ages 5-19 were eligible for CBT, and 417 (94%) received at least one treatment session. Pretreatment and treatment show rates and overall dose were examined. Treatment participation rates were higher than those typically reported in community studies of children's mental health services. Regression analyses indicated variability across sites in treatment show rates with the highest rates at where services were delivered in schools. However, sites, demographic factors and trauma symptoms accounted for a small amount of variance in treatment participation overall. The study suggests structured engagement strategies, linked to evidence-based treatments may improve treatment participation for youth. PMID:22754272

Rodriguez, James; Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton; Gopalan, Geetha; Olin, Serene; McKay, Mary M; Marcus, Sue M; Radigan, Marleen; Chung, Michelle; Legerski, Joanna

2012-06-01

84

Competency-Based Education Development Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the project at Western Kentucky University were a) to serve as a data-collection agency for the National Project, b) to assist the Teacher Corps faculty in developing competency-based instruction, and c) to monitor the effectiveness of the competency-based instruction provided by the teacher education faculty. Three indicators to…

Estes, Kenneth A.

85

Seminar on Competency-Based Education. A Position Paper on the Problems and Promises of Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most important aspect of competency-based education is clearly linked to Bloom's mastery learning model: the establishment of behaviors which ought to be learned and adequately performed by public school students. The main components of competency based education are: (1) establishment of student standards; (2) student testing; and (3)…

Porter, John W.

86

Cognitive Bias Modification versus CBT in Reducing Adolescent Social Anxiety: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Social anxiety is a common mental disorder among adolescents and is associated with detrimental long term outcomes. Therefore, this study investigated the efficacy of two possible early interventions for adolescent social anxiety and test anxiety. An internet-based cognitive bias modification (CBM; n?=?86) was compared to a school-based cognitive behavioral group training (CBT; n?=?84) and a control group (n?=?70) in reducing symptoms of social and test anxiety in high socially and/or test anxious adolescents aged 13–15 years. Participants (n?=?240) were randomized at school level over the three conditions. CBM consisted of a 20-session at home internet-delivered training; CBT was a 10-session at school group training with homework assignments; the control group received no training. Participants were assessed before and after the intervention and at 6 and 12 month follow-up. At 6 month follow-up CBT resulted in lower social anxiety than the control condition, while for CBM, this effect was only trend-significant. At 12 month follow-up this initial benefit was no longer present. Test anxiety decreased more in the CBT condition relative to the control condition in both short and long term. Interestingly, in the long term, participants in the CBM condition improved more with regard to automatic threat-related associations than both other conditions. The results indicate that the interventions resulted in a faster decline of social anxiety symptoms, whereas the eventual end point of social anxiety was not affected. Test anxiety was influenced in the long term by the CBT intervention, and CBM lead to increased positive automatic threat-related associations. Trial Registration TrialRegister.nl NTR965 PMID:23691203

de Jong, Peter J.; Nauta, Maaike H.

2013-01-01

87

PSYCHOTHERAPY-BASED SUPERVISION MODELS IN AN EMERGING COMPETENCY-BASED ERA: A COMMENTARY  

Microsoft Academic Search

As psychology engages in a cultural shift to competency-based education and training supervision practice is being transformed to the use of competency frames and the application of benchmark competencies. In this issue, psychotherapy-based models of supervision are conceptualized in a competency framework. This paper reflects on the translation of key components of each psychotherapy-based supervision approach in terms of foundational

CAROL A. FALENDER; EDWARD P. SHAFRANSKE

2010-01-01

88

Competency Based Entrepreneurship Training for Fulton County. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a project that reviewed existing materials on all aspects of entrepreneurship likely to be encountered by independent business persons. In addition to the review of books, periodicals, and newspapers, the project interviewed successful Pennsylvania entrepreneurs. A curriculum guide was synthesized that was relevant to the…

Johnston, Cheryl

89

Learning to Manage: Transformative Outcomes of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transformative learning theory is a dominant approach to understanding adult learning. The theory addresses the way our perspectives on the world, others and ourselves can be challenged and transformed in our ongoing efforts to make sense of the world. It is a conception of learning that does not focus on the measurable acquisition of knowledge…

Hodge, Steven

2011-01-01

90

Maturationally-Constrained Competence-Based Intrinsically Motivated Learning  

E-print Network

Maturationally-Constrained Competence-Based Intrinsically Motivated Learning Adrien Baranes conceptualized as active learning heuristics [8], these two kinds of approaches to intrinsic motivation typically the self-adaptive goal generation algorithm (SAGG), instantiating an intrinsically motivated goal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Carroll County Competency Based Teacher Certification Project. Librarian's Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reference materials, slides, cassettes, books, pamphlets, materials from other states, and articles used in the Carroll County, Georgia, Competency Based Teacher Certification Project, 1973-74, are listed. Brief annotations are included for both the reference materials and articles. (MJM)

Coker, Homer; Coker, Joan G.

92

Incorporating Competency-Based Blended Learning in a Chinese Language Classroom: A Web 2.0 Drupal Module Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to create a blended learning environment, based on the concept of competency-based training, in a Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) classroom at an American university. Drupal platform and web 2.0 tools were used as supplements to traditional face-to-face classroom instruction. Students completed various selective tasks and…

Huang, Chung-Kai; Lin, Chun-Yu; Chiang, Yueh-Hui

2010-01-01

93

What are the components of CBT for psychosis? A Delphi study.  

PubMed

There is strong evidence supporting the implementation of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for people with psychosis. However, there are a variety of approaches to the delivery and conceptual underpinnings within different research groups, and the degree of consensus or disagreement regarding what are the intrinsic components has not been explored. This study uses the Delphi method to try to establish what a group of experts in CBT for psychosis view as important. Experts were invited to participate in 3 rounds of producing and rating statements that addressed areas such as principles, assessment, models, formulation, change strategies, homework, and therapists' assumptions in order to consolidate consensus of opinion. Seventy-seven items were endorsed as important or essential for CBT for psychosis by >80% of the panel. These recommendations should ensure greater fidelity in clinical practice, allow greater evaluation of adherence within clinical trials, facilitate the development of competency frameworks, and be of value in relation to training and dissemination of CBT for psychosis. PMID:19880824

Morrison, Anthony P; Barratt, Sarah

2010-01-01

94

Transporting CBT for Childhood Anxiety Disorders into Inner-City School-Based Mental Health Clinics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The systematic expansion of evidence-based cognitive behavioral (CBT) protocols into the schools provides an opportunity for training front-line service providers in the early identification of anxious children and in the delivery of evidence-based treatments to children who might otherwise go without such treatment [Weist, M. D., & Evans, S. W. (2005). Expanded school mental health: Challenges and opportunities in an

Golda S. Ginsburg; Kimberly D. Becker; Julie Newman Kingery; Tanya Nichols

2008-01-01

95

A Novel CBT Web Course for the Substance Abuse Workforce: Community Counselors' Perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes (a) a Web-based course for substance abuse counselors on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and (b) the evaluation of a prototype module from the Web-based course to determine the feasibility of the e-learning program for a community-based counselor audience. The course is part of a unique study that trains counselor-supervisor teams to increase the transfer of learned skills

Mary Jo Larson; Maryann Amodeo; Susan A. Storti; Gail Steketee; Geri Blitzman; Lauren Smith

2009-01-01

96

The Nature of Study Programmes in Vocational Education: Evaluation of the Model for Comprehensive Competence-Based Vocational Education in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a previous series of studies, a model of comprehensive competence-based vocational education (CCBE model) was developed,\\u000a consisting of eight principles of competence-based vocational education (CBE) that were elaborated for four implementation\\u000a levels (Wesselink et al. European journal of vocational training 40:38–51 2007a). The model thus consisted of 32 cells, all defined by text. It was developed to provide study

Lidwien Sturing; Harm J. A. Biemans; Martin Mulder; Elly de Bruijn

2011-01-01

97

Effectiveness of Modular CBT for Child Anxiety in Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most randomized controlled trials of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for children with anxiety disorders have evaluated treatment efficacy using recruited samples treated in research settings. Clinical trials in school settings are needed to determine if CBT can be effective when delivered in real world settings. This study evaluated a modular…

Chiu, Angela W.; Langer, David A.; McLeod, Bryce D.; Har, Kim; Drahota, Amy; Galla, Brian M.; Jacobs, Jeffrey; Ifekwunigwe, Muriel; Wood, Jeffrey J.

2013-01-01

98

Improving the Transportability of CBT for Internalizing Disorders in Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research provides strong support for the efficacy and effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment of childhood internalizing disorders. Given evidence for limited dissemination and implementation of CBT outside of academic settings, efforts are underway to improve its transportability so that more children with mental…

Elkins, R. Meredith; McHugh, R. Kathryn; Santucci, Lauren C.; Barlow, David H.

2011-01-01

99

Modifying CBT for Perinatal Depression: What Do Women Want?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evidence for the efficacy of CBT for depression during the perinatal period is mixed. This was a qualitative study that aimed to understand the perinatal-specific needs of depressed women in an effort to inform treatment modifications that may increase the relevance and acceptability of CBT during this period. Stratified purposeful sampling…

O'Mahen, Heather; Fedock, Gina; Henshaw, Erin; Himle, Joseph A.; Forman, Jane; Flynn, Heather A.

2012-01-01

100

History of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) in Youth  

PubMed Central

Synopsis CBT represents a combination of behavioral and cognitive theories of human behavior and psychopathology, and a melding of emotional, familial, and peer influences. The numerous intervention strategies that comprise CBT reflect its complex and integrative nature and include such topics as extinction, habituation, modeling, cognitive restructuring, problem-solving, and the development of coping strategies, mastery, and a sense of self-control. CBT targets multiple areas of potential vulnerability (e.g., cognitive, behavioral, affective) with developmentally-guided strategies and traverses multiple intervention pathways. Although CBT is often considered the “first line treatment” for many psychological disorders in youth, additional work is necessary to address treatment non-responders and to facilitate the dissemination of efficacious CBT approaches. PMID:21440849

Benjamin, Courtney L.; Puleo, Connor M.; Settipani, Cara A.; Brodman, Douglas M.; Edmunds, Julie M.; Cummings, Colleen M.

2011-01-01

101

Tractor Mechanic--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to assist vocational agricultural mechanics students in learning to be tractor mechanics, this curriculum guide contains all the student competency sheets which comprise this competency-based curriculum. These competency sheets are categorized under sixteen instructional units. The first two units cover employment opportunities and…

McCann, Edward W.

102

Competency-Based Education: Some Problems and Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article reviews the characteristics generally identified as common to competency-based education and offers planning suggestions for teachers: (1) prestated and published performance objectives, (2) accountability, (3) personalized and individualized instruction, and (4) delivery systems, which provide several modes of instruction pertinent to…

McArdle, Richard; Moskovis, L. Michael

1978-01-01

103

Soils and Fertilizers. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on soils and fertilizers is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The four sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline taking soil samples, testing samples, preparing soil for…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

104

Teacher's Guide for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to facilitate use of the West Virginia floriculture competency-based education (CBE) curriculum by instructors in floriculture programs. The curriculum is organized into 13 learning units, correlated with specific competencies. Each competency includes a learning checklist, learning activities, and evaluative…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

105

Competency-Based Nursing Career Ladder Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An open-entry/open-exit competency-based nursing career ladder model was developed to demonstrate the articulation process from high school through licensed vocational nursing (LVN), associate degree nursing (ADN), and baccalaureate degree-level nursing (BSN) programs. The model was based on data obtained from a review of the literature on (1)…

Wilson, Janie Menchaca; And Others

106

Competency-Based Education--What Is It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task force report defines competency-based education (CBE) as a system of education designed to develop competencies in those who are products of the system. A distinction is made between CBE and performance based education (PBE) in this report. Although the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education Committee on Performance-Based…

Turney, Mildred; And Others

107

A Competency-Based Marriage of School and Model Stores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the trend toward the use of competency-based model/school stores in teaching entry-level job skills to distributive education students. A model/school store curriculum is described and illustrations of model store use in the classroom, laboratory, and in Distributive Education Clubs of America (DECA) are provided. (SH)

Strate, James

1977-01-01

108

SCID: A Competency-Based Curriculum Development Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide structure for developing curriculum for Competency Based Education (CBE), an effective and efficient model, Systematic Curriculum and Instructional Development (SCID), has been devised. SCID has five phases: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. Each of 23 components involves several steps, some optional. Phase…

Norton, Robert E.

109

Mass Screening: An Aid to Competency Based Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death in the adolescent population and is on the rise. This study used a mass screening concept as a pre-test identifier of at risk clients for suicide ideation and depressions; development of a competency-based prevention group treatment program, and the post-testing of the identified at-risk…

Siehl, Peterann M.; Studer, Jeannine

110

High School Art Education Guide. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arranged into 26 sections, this curriculum guide provides high school teachers with a competency based approach to teaching art education. Following a statement of appreciation, the philosophy and goals for art education in Maryland are presented. An excerpt from Edmund Feldman's "Varieties of Visual Experience" discusses aesthetic expression.…

Frederick County Public Schools, MD.

111

Developing a Competency-based Fundamentals of Management Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes steps the authors went through to develop an innovative course in fundamentals of management communication that derives from competency-based instruction. Describes how they reviewed administrative and course parameters; identified instructional modules and generated competencies for each one; and created objectives, achievement levels,…

Murranka, Patricia A.; Lynch, David

1999-01-01

112

Principles for Developing Competency-Based Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 US college/university policy agenda, "Making College Affordable: A Better Agenda for the Middle Class," highlighted the role of developing technologies, institutional curriculum-design processes, and new delivery methods as keys to providing quality, affordable postsecondary education. Competency-based education (CBE) is given…

Johnstone, Sally M.; Soares, Louis

2014-01-01

113

Implementing the Plan. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on implementing the landscape plan is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The seven sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

114

Competence-Based Knowledge Structures for Personalised Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based extensions of Knowledge Space Theory are suggested as a formal framework for implementing key features of personalised learning in technology-enhanced learning. The approach links learning objects and assessment problems to the relevant skills that are taught or required. Various ways to derive these skills from domain ontologies…

Heller, Jurgen; Steiner, Christina; Hockemeyer, Cord; Albert, Dietrich

2006-01-01

115

Teacher's Guide for Competency Based Core Curriculum for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is intended to acompany the Competency Based Core Curriculum for Health Occupations student materials--see note. Contents include suggested tests and answer keys for student evaluation and a tool and equipment list. A comprehensive bibliography is organized into these topics: dental hygiene, medical laboratory technology,…

Meckley, Richard; And Others

116

Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project--Final Report. Executive Summary [and] Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project: Final Report on House Bill 1909  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the following: (1) Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project--Final Report. Executive Summary (January 2006); and (2) Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project: Final Report on House Bill 1909 (January 2005). In 2003, the legislature and governor enacted House Bill 1909 to create a pilot project on competency-based transfer…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2006

2006-01-01

117

Computer Training and Individual Differences: When Method Matters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews were conducted with 263 licensed users of training software, 68 of whom had used computer-based training (CBT), instructor-led training, and video tutorials. Videos were deemed the least useful. Instructor-led training had the most feedback and media richness, but CBT was an effective low-cost alternative. (SK)

Harp, Candace G.; Taylor, Sandra C.; Satzinger, John W.

1998-01-01

118

CBT for Children with Depressive Symptoms: A Meta-Analysis.  

PubMed

Pediatric depression entails a higher risk for psychiatric disorders, somatic complaints, suicide, and functional impairment later in life. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is recommended for the treatment of depression in children, yet research is based primarily on adolescents. The present meta-analysis investigated the efficacy of CBT in children aged 8-12 years with regard to depressive symptoms. We included randomized controlled trials of CBT with participants who had an average age of  ? 12 years and were diagnosed with either depression or reported elevated depressive symptoms. The search resulted in 10 randomized controlled trials with 267 participants in intervention and 256 in comparison groups. The mean age of participants was 10.5 years. The weighted between-group effect size for CBT was moderate, Cohen's d = 0.66. CBT outperformed both attention placebo and wait-list, although there was a significant heterogeneity among studies with regard to effect sizes. The weighted within-group effect size for CBT was large, d = 1.02. Earlier publication year, older participants, and more treatment sessions were associated with a larger effect size. In conclusion, the efficacy of CBT in the treatment of pediatric depression symptoms was supported. Differences in efficacy, methodological shortcomings, and lack of follow-up data limit the present study and indicate areas in need of improvement. PMID:25248459

Arnberg, Alexandra; Ost, Lars-Göran

2014-12-01

119

Reflective Writing in the Competency-Based Curriculum at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine  

PubMed Central

The Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University is a five-year medical school where the major emphasis is to train physician investigators. In this article we describe our experience with reflective writing in our competency-based medical school, which has reflective practice as one of the nine core competencies. We outline how we use reflective writing as a way to help students develop their reflective practice skills. Reflective writing opportunities, excerpts of student pieces, and faculty and student perspectives are included. We have experienced the value of reflective writing in medical school education and believe elements of our program can be adapted to other training environments. PMID:21364819

Isaacson, J Harry; Salas, Renee; Koch, Carl; McKenzie, Margaret

2008-01-01

120

Programmatic assessment of competency-based workplace learning: when theory meets practice  

PubMed Central

Background In competency-based medical education emphasis has shifted towards outcomes, capabilities, and learner-centeredness. Together with a focus on sustained evidence of professional competence this calls for new methods of teaching and assessment. Recently, medical educators advocated the use of a holistic, programmatic approach towards assessment. Besides maximum facilitation of learning it should improve the validity and reliability of measurements and documentation of competence development. We explored how, in a competency-based curriculum, current theories on programmatic assessment interacted with educational practice. Methods In a development study including evaluation, we investigated the implementation of a theory-based programme of assessment. Between April 2011 and May 2012 quantitative evaluation data were collected and used to guide group interviews that explored the experiences of students and clinical supervisors with the assessment programme. We coded the transcripts and emerging topics were organised into a list of lessons learned. Results The programme mainly focuses on the integration of learning and assessment by motivating and supporting students to seek and accumulate feedback. The assessment instruments were aligned to cover predefined competencies to enable aggregation of information in a structured and meaningful way. Assessments that were designed as formative learning experiences were increasingly perceived as summative by students. Peer feedback was experienced as a valuable method for formative feedback. Social interaction and external guidance seemed to be of crucial importance to scaffold self-directed learning. Aggregating data from individual assessments into a holistic portfolio judgement required expertise and extensive training and supervision of judges. Conclusions A programme of assessment with low-stakes assessments providing simultaneously formative feedback and input for summative decisions proved not easy to implement. Careful preparation and guidance of the implementation process was crucial. Assessment for learning requires meaningful feedback with each assessment. Special attention should be paid to the quality of feedback at individual assessment moments. Comprehensive attention for faculty development and training for students is essential for the successful implementation of an assessment programme. PMID:24020944

2013-01-01

121

The Application of Artificial Intelligence Principles to Teaching and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares and contrasts the use of AI principles in industrial training with more normal computer-based training (CBT) approaches. A number of applications of CBT are illustrated (for example simulations, tutorial presentations, fault diagnosis, management games, industrial relations exercises) and compared with an alternative approach…

Shaw, Keith

2008-01-01

122

Computer-Based Training: Capitalizing on Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-based training (CBT) is a methodology for providing systematic, structured learning; a useful tool when properly designed. CBT has seen a resurgence given the serious games movement, which is at the forefront of integrating primarily entertainment computer-based games into education and training. This effort represents a multidisciplinary…

Bedwell, Wendy L.; Salas, Eduardo

2010-01-01

123

AI in Computer-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, intelligent approaches to CBT are put into several perspectives in an attempt to elucidate the concepts and give them a more realistic (and not only glamorous) footing. The role of expert systems in training is explored and possible routes towards intelligent CBT are outlined. [This paper was first published in "Interactive Learning…

Camstra, Bert

2008-01-01

124

Development of CBT for chemotherapy-related cognitive change: results of a waitlist control trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of a brief cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) that is being developed for management of cognitive dysfunction following chemotherapy among breast cancer survivors. Memory and Attention Adaptation Training (MAAT) is a brief CBT designed to improve the quality of life and function among cancer survivors with post-chemotherapy cognitive complaints. Methods An initial, two-group (MAAT versus waitlist, no treatment control), randomized clinical trial (RCT) was conducted. Forty stage I and II female breast cancer survivors (mean age = 50; SD = 6.4) were randomized to conditions and assessed at baseline, post-treatment (8 weeks) and 2-month follow-up assessment points on measures of: (1) self-reported daily cognitive failures; (2) quality of life; and (3) neuropsychological performance. Participants were also assessed for satisfaction with MAAT. Results With education and IQ as covariates, MAAT participants made significant improvements relative to controls on the spiritual well-being subscale of the quality of life measure and on verbal memory, but statistical significance was not achieved on self-report of daily cognitive complaints. However, moderate-to-large effect sizes were observed on these outcomes. Participants gave MAAT high satisfaction ratings. Conclusions Although this initial RCT is a small study, MAAT participants appear to improve on one measure of quality of life and verbal memory performance relative to no treatment controls and rate MAAT with high satisfaction. These data are encouraging and support the continued development and evaluation of MAAT efficacy. PMID:22271538

Ferguson, Robert J.; McDonald, Brenna C.; Rocque, Michael A.; Furstenberg, Charlotte T.; Horrigan, Susan; Ahles, Tim A.; Saykin, Andrew J.

2014-01-01

125

Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

2010-01-01

126

Emergence and Outlook of Competence-Based Education in European Education Systems: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution takes stock on the emergence of competence-based education in European Union (EU) countries. The article explains how economic constraints but also educational motives led educational policies and systems in the EU to shift to competence-based education. The related instructional frame and concepts are presented, as are the major…

Tchibozo, Guy

2011-01-01

127

Competency-Based Teacher Education and Certification Definitions: Synthesis and Schema.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is divided into an introduction and two sections. Each section is divided into two parts: definition and synthesis. Section 1 is devoted to competency-based teacher education. The "definition" part presents 14 definitions of competency-based teacher education that have been culled from various authorities. The "synthesis" part lists…

Roth, Robert A.

128

Evaluating the Effects of Competency-Based Web Learning on Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of the competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) on the self-directed learning aptitude (SDLA) of college students. Specifically, it seeks to investigate, statistically, the changes in SDLAs at different stages of competency-based web learning (CBWL) over an eight-week period. The sample of…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2007-01-01

129

An Evaluation of Competency-Based School Programs in a Learning for Mastery Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Competency-based Middle School Program (grades 6-8) and the Competency-based Secondary School Project (grades 9-11) were funded by the South Carolina State Department of Education under the Elementary Secondary Education Act Title IV-C. These programs were to provide instruction based on the principles of mastery learning in helping middle…

Strasler, Gregg M.; And Others

130

Iowa Department of Education Guidelines for PK-12 Competency-Based Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidelines for developing competency-based pathways in Iowa districts and schools and outlines waiver requirements and procedures. Competency-based pathways provide ways to validate learning of standards that occurs outside the structure of the traditional school and offer flexibility for schools to engage students in…

Iowa Department of Education, 2013

2013-01-01

131

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. After the introduction, which provides a rationale for competency-based instruction in the prevocational curriculum, the following sections are included in the guide: development and validation of…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

132

Researching the Competence-Based Curriculum: Preface to a Case Study of Four Urban Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory article accompanies three further articles forming a case study research project undertaken to describe the experience of four urban secondary schools implementing a competence-based curriculum for students in their first year of secondary education. The nature of such competence-based curricula is discussed in the context of…

Downey, Christopher; Byrne, Jenny; Souza, Ana

2013-01-01

133

Training Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a training management system developed by the Center for Development of Social Services. It is a set of practical, systematic procedures designed to manage and evaluate training programs. It is a complete model that meets the necessary criteria for competency-based training system. The system integrates the complex procedures…

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

134

Criterion validity of a competency-based assessment center in medical education - a 4-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Core competencies have progressively gained importance in medical education. In other contexts, especially personnel selection and development, assessment centers (ACs) are used to assess competencies, but there is only a limited number of studies on competency-based ACs in medical education. To the best of our knowledge, the present study provides the first data on the criterion-related validity of a competency-based AC in medical education. Methods We developed an AC tailored to measure core competencies relevant to medical education (social-ethical, communicative, self, and teaching) and tested its validity in n=30 first-year medical students using 3- to 4-year follow-up measures such as (a) objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) on basic clinical skills (n=26), (b) OSCE on communication skills (n=21), and (c) peer feedback (n=18). The AC contained three elements: interview, group discussion, and role play. Additionally, a self-report questionnaire was provided as a basis for the interview. Results Baseline AC average score and teaching competency correlated moderately with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.41, p=0.03, and r=0.38, p=0.04, respectively). Social-ethical competency in the AC showed a very strong convergent association with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.60, p<0.01). The AC total score also showed a moderate correlation with the overall peer feedback score provided in Year 4 (r=0.38, p=0.06). In addition, communicative competency correlated strongly with the overall peer feedback (r=0.50, p=0.02). We found predominantly low and insignificant correlations between the AC and the OSCE on basic clinical skills (r=?0.33 to 0.30, all p's>0.05). Conclusion The results showed that competency-based ACs can be used at a very early stage of medical training to successfully predict future performance in core competencies. PMID:25219931

Rotthoff, Thomas; Ostapczuk, Martin S.; Kroncke, Klaus D.; Zimmerhofer, Alexander; Decking, Ulrich; Schneider, Matthias; Ritz-Timme, Stefanie

2014-01-01

135

A Competency-Based Program for Electronic Gaming Equipment Repair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program is designed to provide entry-level training to individuals (especially workers displaced from industry) who desire employment as "slot technicians" in the casino industry. The 96-hour course includes both classroom instruction and hands-on experience. Sources for direct purchase of required manuals are provided. The 13 modules consist…

Hardman, James R.

136

Auto Body Repair--Teacher's Guide. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide is designed to be used as a reference and an aid in implementing the auto body repair curriculum for training auto body repairers, shop estimators, or auto painters. (See note regarding companion student materials.) Introductory sections describe briefly the methods of identification and validation of job titles and…

Radio Corp. of America, Palo Alto, CA. Education Systems.

137

Defining and Assessing Competencies for Competency-Based, Outcome-Focused Management Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that competency-based management development programs should shift emphasis from theories and skills to decisions managers must make. Presents a model for defining types of management decisions regarding nontechnical issues. (Contains 16 references.) (SK)

Rausch, Erwin; Sherman, Herbert; Washbush, John B.

2002-01-01

138

Designing a Competency-Based Master of Arts in Management Program for Midcareer Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of designing a competency-based management graduate degree program for midcareer adults includes examining the background of competency-based programs at the designers’ university; the choice of competencies, levels, and categories (personal, people management, analytic, and career-specific skills and management knowledge); and the arrangement of the courses in the program. The design allows outcome evaluation to occur at the individual,

James C. Spee; Teri C. Tompkins

2001-01-01

139

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Food Service. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on food service. This program is designed to run 24 weeks and cover 15 instructional areas: orientation, sanitation, management/planning, preparing food for cooking, preparing beverages, cooking eggs, cooking meat, cooking vegetables,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

140

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Auto Body Repair. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on auto body repair. This program is designed to run 40 weeks and cover 7 instructional areas: use of basic repair tools; metal bumping (theory and practice); metal refinishing (theory and practice); panel replacement; glass work; spot…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

141

Mathematics Improvement Component: Elementary Computer Assisted Instruction Program, Elementary Competency Based Education Program, and Middle School Competency Based Education Program. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mathematics Improvement Component (MIC) was first implemented in the Columbus (Ohio) Public Schools in 1987-88 to assist elementary and middle school pupils who were low achievers in mathematics. Three programs comprised the 1989-90 MIC: the Elementary Computer Assisted Instruction (Elem-CAI) Program, the Elementary Competency Based Education…

Gibbons, Michael

142

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Machine Trades. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on machine trades. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 6 instructional areas: use of measuring tools; benchwork/tool bit grinding; lathe work; milling work; precision grinding; and combination machine work. A duty-task index…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

143

Dissemination of CBTI to the Non-Sleep Specialist: Protocol Development and Training Issues  

PubMed Central

Strong evidence supports the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI). A significant barrier to wide dissemination of CBTI is the lack of qualified practitioners. We describe challenges and decisions made when developing a CBTI dissemination program in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). The program targets mental health clinicians from different disciplines (psychiatry, psychology, social work, and nursing) with varying familiarity and experience with general principles of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT). We explain the scope of training (how much to teach about the science of sleep, comorbid sleep disorders, other medical and mental health comorbidities, and hypnotic-dependent insomnia), discuss adaptation of CBTI to address the unique challenges posed by comorbid insomnia, and describe decisions made about the strategy of training (principles, structure and materials developed/recommended). Among these decisions is the question of how to balance the structure and flexibility of the treatment protocol. We developed a case conceptualization-driven approach and provide a general session-by-session outline. Training licensed therapists who already have many professional obligations required that the training be completed in a relatively short time with minimal disruptions to training participants' routine work responsibilities. These “real-life” constraints shaped the development of this competency-based, yet pragmatic training program. We conclude with a description of preliminary lessons learned from the initial wave of training and propose future directions for research and dissemination. Citation: Manber R; Carney C; Edinger J; Epstein D; Friedman L; Haynes PL; Karlin BE; Pigeon W; Siebern AT; Trockel M. Dissemination of CBTI to the non-sleep specialist: protocol development and training issues. J Clin Sleep Med 2012;8(2):209-218. PMID:22505869

Manber, Rachel; Carney, Colleen; Edinger, Jack; Epstein, Dana; Friedman, Leah; Haynes, Patricia L.; Karlin, Bradley E.; Pigeon, Wilfred; Siebern, Allison T.; Trockel, Mickey

2012-01-01

144

Using tangible user interfaces in computer-based training systems for low-functioning autistic children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the design of a computer-based training (CBT) system for low-functioning autistic children is addressed. The\\u000a emphasis is on ease-of-use and learning efficiency of CBT systems with different interaction styles, namely the WIMP (Window\\u000a Icon Menu Pointing Device) and TUI (Tangible User Interface) interaction styles. Two WIMP-based CBT systems with different\\u000a pointing devices were involved in the study.

Karanya Sitdhisanguan; Nopporn Chotikakamthorn; Ajchara Dechaboon

145

Train better by computer  

SciTech Connect

Computer-based training (CBT) is used in a new approach to training refinery operators. The system was developed at Mobil's U.S. headquarters, with field help. In the early 1980s the authors evaluated the mainframe Plato system from Control Data, considered by most the ''granddad'' of CBT systems. A couple of years later, when the CPM-based micro computers became popular, they traded in Plato for stand-alone desktop that offered most of the same features without the mainframe's cost and connectivity limitations. Their evaluation continued into the mid-1980s after IBM established its PC line which became the corporate hardware standard. CBT is both right for the times and particularly suited to the hydrocarbon processing industry's needs. Mobil has taken significant steps to benefit from all that CBT offers by developing two curricula for operator training. The first, the Fundamentals Series, provides the background needed for any operations assignment. The second curriculum, the Advanced Series, covers specific process unit job training.

Furgang, S.R.

1989-01-01

146

Web-based therapist training on cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety disorders: a pilot study.  

PubMed

The need for clinicians to use evidence-based practices (such as cognitive behavior therapy [CBT]) is now well recognized. However, a gap exists between the need for empirically based treatments and their availability. This is due, in part, to a shortage of clinicians formally trained on CBT. To address this problem, we developed a Web-based therapist CBT training program, to increase accessibility to this training. The program uses a two-step approach: an interactive multimedia online tutorial for didactic training on CBT concepts, followed by live remote observation through a videoconference of trainees conducting CBT, with immediate feedback in real time during critical moments to enhance learning through iterative guidance and practice. Thirty-nine clinicians from around the county completed the online didactic training and 22 completed the live remote training. Results found a significant increase in knowledge of CBT concepts and a significant increase in clinical skills, as judged by a blind rater. User satisfaction was high for both the online tutorial and the videoconference training. Utilization of CBT by trainees increased after training. Results support the acceptability and effectiveness of this Web-based approach to training. PMID:23398031

Kobak, Kenneth A; Craske, Michelle G; Rose, Raphael D; Wolitsky-Taylor, Kate

2013-06-01

147

Implementation of MET/CBT 5 for Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Implementation of effective substance abuse treatment programs in community settings is a high priority. The selection of a proven cost-effective model is a first step; however, difficulty arises when the model is imported into a community setting. The Center on Substance Abuse Treatment selected a brief substance abuse treatment program for adolescents, the MET/CBT-5 program, determined to be the most cost effective protocol in the Cannabis Youth Treatment trial, for implementation in two cohorts of Effective Adolescent Treatment grantees. A qualitative investigation of the protocol implementation with nine sites in the second cohort chronicled adaptations made by grantees and prospects for sustainability. The study found that agencies introduced adaptations without seeming to be aware of potential effects on validity. In most sites sessions were lengthened or added to accommodate individual client needs, address barriers to client participation, and provide consistency with current norms of treatment. Implications for fidelity of future implementation projects are addressed. PMID:18493858

Riley, Katherine J.; Rieckmann, Traci; McCarty, Dennis

2013-01-01

148

A comparison of South Australia's driver licensing methods: competency-based training vs. practical examination  

E-print Network

of the literature on the role of driver experience, gender, time of crash occurrence, and alcohol consumption Australia, Australia Received 14 October 1998; received in revised form 28 February 1999; accepted 5 March

149

Integrating theories and concepts: formulation driven CBT for a client with a diagnosis of schizo-affective disorder.  

PubMed

Therapists working with people who have complex problems associated with psychosis may find it difficult to apply currently available cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) manuals to client's presenting problems. This can lead to activation of negative therapist beliefs about themselves, the client or the therapy and subsequent problems maintaining the therapeutic relationship. This paper describes the integration of a range of models and concepts derived from CBT which were used to assist one such client with complex problems associated with psychosis. As such, it is proposed that taking a flexible, formulation driven approach to therapy can assist therapists to remain client centred and work effectively. The therapy described draws on a number of concepts including those taken from schema focussed therapy, mindfulness and compassionate mind training. Therapist and client summary letters were used as part of the described intervention, but in addition, the client's summary is reproduced in the paper aiming to address the issue of the under reporting in the literature of the client's perspective on therapy. PMID:21882295

Harper, Sean F

2013-01-01

150

Factors Affecting Motivation to Transfer Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of trainees (n=88) in a competency-based occupational safety and health training program found that environmental factors (opportunities to use skills, peer/supervisor support, and supervisor sanctions) were most influential on motivation to transfer training. Training attitudes may be affected by prior experiences when the use of training

Seyler, Dian L.; Holton, Elwood F., III; Bates, Reid A.; Burnett, Michael F.; Carvalho, Manuel A.

1998-01-01

151

The Basis for a Competency-Based Curriculum in Podiatric Medicine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine is exploring the possibility of using a curriculum based on the systematic feed-forward establishment of competency-based terminal performance objectives to replace the cyclic feedback approach of curricular design presently being used. (Author/LBH)

Lemont, Harvey; Gibley, Charles W., Jr.

1978-01-01

152

Occupational Home Economics Education Series. Window Treatment Services. Competency Based Teaching Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of ten competency based modules developed for vocational home economics teachers, is based on a job cluster in window treatment services. It can be used for various types of learners such as the handicapped, slowlearners, high school students, and adults including senior citizens. Focusing on the specific job title of window…

Lowe, Phyllis; And Others

153

Universities as Responsive Learning Organizations through Competency-Based Assessment with Electronic Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities should embrace democratic values. Using electronic portfolios, competency-based assessment can enact them. Rather than preset standards, competencies become boundary objects connecting individual student experience to community conversation about what it means to be educated. This article examines this approach in practice at New…

Cambridge, Darren

2008-01-01

154

Developer, Teacher, Student and Employer Evaluations of Competence-Based Assessment Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how different stakeholders experience the quality of a nationally developed assessment framework for summative, competence-based assessment (CBA) in AVET, which aims to reflect theoretical characteristics of high quality CBAs. The quality of two summative CBAs, based on this national framework, is evaluated along an extensive,…

Gulikers, J.; Biemans, H.; Mulder, M.

2009-01-01

155

Introducing competence-based management development: a case study of a university-hospital partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The British National Health Service (NHS) has experienced a number of changes in management over the last 20 years resulting in management development becoming a greater priority. Consequently, hospitals and other NHS organisations have rapidly introduced competence-based management development programmes for their staff. This paper reports in depth on a case study of a partnership between a hospital trust and

Paul Smith

2000-01-01

156

Educational Accountability: The Issue of Competency-Based Education. Informational Bulletin 77-IB-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a brief discussion of the issues prompting concern with competency-based education (CBE) and an explanation of what it is and why it is so popular, this document goes on to discuss action Wisconsin and other states have taken to implement CBE. Very brief accounts are given of the minimal competency-type programs implemented in Sparta,…

Watchke, Gary A.

157

American Government. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on American government is divided into fourteen topics. The topics included are: definition of "State"; left to right political spectrum; Dictatorship vs. Democracy; Capitalism, Communism,…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

158

Assessment Criteria for Competency-Based Education: A Study in Nursing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of type of assessment criteria (performance-based vs. competency-based), the relevance of assessment criteria (relevant criteria vs. all criteria), and their interaction on secondary vocational education students' performance and assessment skills. Students on three programmes in the domain of nursing and care…

Fastré, Greet M. J.; van der Klink, Marcel R.; Amsing-Smit, Pauline; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J.

2014-01-01

159

Competency-Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration. Marine/Fresh Water.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum is intended to help teachers of prevocational career exploration courses in West Virginia to present information about marine/fresh water occupations. The document is organized into five units: fisheries, life sciences, marine life cultivation, research, and water vehicle operation. Each unit consists of five to 15…

Reese, Clara C.

160

Teacher Corps/Peace Corps Competency Based Elementary Physical Education Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teacher Corps/Peace Corps project in elementary school physical education at Washington State University provided a graduate program which was competency based, field based, and partially individualized. The program attempted to fulfill the organizational goals of the two sponsoring federal agencies (Teacher Corps and Peace Corps). Teacher…

Enberg, Mary Lou

161

Evaluating Assessment Quality in Competence-Based Education: A Qualitative Comparison of Two Frameworks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because learning and instruction are increasingly competence-based, the call for assessment methods to adequately determine competence is growing. Using just one single assessment method is not sufficient to determine competence acquisition. This article argues for Competence Assessment Programmes (CAPs), consisting of a combination of different…

Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Bastiaens, Theo J.; Kirschner, Paul A.; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

2007-01-01

162

Health Services: Clinical. Respiratory Therapy Aide. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual consists of materials for use in presenting a course in the occupational area of respiratory therapy aide. Included in the first part of the guide are a program master sequence; a master listing of instructional materials, equipment, and supplies; an overview of the competency-based vocational education (CBVE) system; and…

Cave, Julie; And Others

163

Teachers' Individual Action Theories about Competence-Based Education: The Value of the Cognitive Apprenticeship Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dutch prevocational secondary schools are reforming their educational programmes to make them more competence-based. This reform has substantial implications for the roles played by teachers. Yet, little empirical research has been conducted on teachers' processes of competence development in vocational settings. This study explores teachers'…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.; Kirschner, Paul A.

2009-01-01

164

United States History. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Proejct.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on United States history is divided into twenty-four topics. The topics included are: Backgrounds of American Colonization; Colonial Life; Causes of the American Revolution; Creating a New…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

165

Dental Assisting. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mattia, Nancy

166

Plumbing and Heating. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mahieu, Louis

167

Potentials and Possibilities. Home Economics High School Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum guide contains activities designed to stimulate critical thinking and develop challenge-resolving skills while strengthening the fundamental precepts of home economics education. The home economics content area has been divided into duties and tasks. In each task, a challenge activity forms the basis for achieving…

Montclair State Coll., Upper Montclair, NJ. Life Skills Center.

168

Perspectives on Competency-Based Professional Development in the USA and Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph describes and analyzes the implementation and impact of performance (competency)-based teacher education (P/CBTE) in both the United States and Australia. The monograph consists of a series of nine papers dealing with the significance of the implementation of P/CBTE, what the movement is and how this type of education works, an…

Harris, Roger McL.

169

Competency Based Competitive Events. Integrating DECA into the DE Instructional Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to be integrated into a competency-based distributive education program, these competitive DECA (Distributive Education Clubs of America) events were developed, utilized, and evaluated by distributive education and cooperative education coordinators in Arkansas. These events are organized under the following occupational categories: food…

Cosgrove, Glenna; Moore, Harold W.

170

Competency Based Education Program. Final Report, June 1, 1978-November 30, 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this competency-based education program is to help interested school districts implement, manage, and evaluate a comprehensive program at the high school level. The final report discusses the definition and collection of selective practices that have potential for further use; targeted development activities, including planning and…

Gourley, Robert N.

171

A New Approach to Competence-based Business Partner Profiles for Collaborative Business Process Management  

E-print Network

for the realization of collaborative networks in near future. Assessment of competences can be seen as integral partA New Approach to Competence-based Business Partner Profiles for Collaborative Business Process of collaborative resource planning and competence management. Our research activities yielded a meta model which

Boyer, Edmond

172

Illustrations for a Competency Based Curriculum Guide: Ethanol Spark Ignition Engine Conversion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 56 illustrations for use in an Illinois-developed competency-based course in ethanol spark ignition engine conversion. Each illustration is related to a specific competency in the course curriculum guide. Illustrations, which include photographs and line drawings, cover some of the following topics: carburetion, compression,…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Adult, Vocational and Technical Education.

173

All Hands on Deck: Ten Lessons from Early Adopters of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived value of postsecondary education to economic competitiveness and individual success is driving innovation in higher education. Competency-based education (CBE) is the latest disruption that seeks to respond to the growing sense of national urgency to boost education attainment. The target audience generally includes those adult…

Book, Patricia A.

2014-01-01

174

Electrical Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Cannone, Richard

175

Teacher's Guide for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Licensed Practical Nurse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the Licensed Practical Nurse Competency-Based Education Curriculum student materials available separately (see note). It contains an explanation of the curriculum and suggested usage, a list of competencies by job title (other occupations which use the same competencies), Licensed Practical Nurse…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

176

Supporting Self-Regulated Personalised Learning through Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents two current research trends in e-learning that at first sight appear to compete. Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory (CBKST) provides a knowledge representation framework which, since its invention by Doignon & Falmagne, has been successfully applied in various e-learning systems (for example, Adaptive Learning with…

Steiner, Christina M.; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Albert, Dietrich

2009-01-01

177

Cogenerating a Competency-based HRM Degree: A Model and Some Lessons from Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based degree program in human resource management was co-generated by six groups of stakeholders who synthesized competency models using group decision support software. The program focuses on core human resource processes, general business management, strategic decision making and problem solving, change management, and personal…

Wooten, Kevin C.; Elden, Max

2001-01-01

178

Fashion Merchandising. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Williams, Edwina

179

Teacher's Guide for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Nursing Assistant. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the Nursing Assistant Competency-Based Education (CBE) Curriculum which is based on a survey of current practices in West Virginia and a neighboring labor market determining the tasks actually performed by people employed as nursing assistants. The guide is divided into eight major sections. Section 1…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

180

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this report was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in conjunction with area vocational-technical schools, the second year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. During the project, a task force of teachers from the area schools and the college…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

181

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

182

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Laser Technology. September 1980-June 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains materials developed by a project to provide a competency-based curriculum guide for laser technology at the community college level. An abstract of the final report is included. Next, the 17 job competencies determined as necessary to meet the job description of laser technician are listed. A career ladder and qualifications…

Fioroni, John J.

183

A Competency-Based Self-Paced Astronomy Course for Liberal Arts Students. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the final report of the activities performed in the development of an introductory astronomy course operated in a competency based mode. The objective was for the course to be completely opposite from one which emphasizes memorization of factual knowledge. Instead, the student was to be involved in activities where he or she…

Talbot, Raymond J., Jr.

184

Printing. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Abram, Roy

185

Competency-Based Instruction for the Modern Office/Word Processing Technology Course. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes and provides materials developed by a project to set up competency-based instruction for designated competency levels in the Modern Office/Word Processing Technology Course in an area vocational school. Following an abstract and a report that details conclusions and recommendations, materials developed by the project are…

LeVan, Jan

186

School Television for Social Studies: A Competency-Based Matrix, Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This matrix keys school films to the social studies competency-based curriculum cbjectives for grade 5. Three television series are included. Emphasis is placed on geography, people, and the economy, but the themes are also related to history and government. The first series, "Across Cultures," focuses on the people of North America, South…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

187

Food Services. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Vastano, Josephine; And Others

188

Life Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on life science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Life Process, Cells, Levels of Organization, Organ Systems, Food and Oxygen-Photosynthesis, Cycles, Energy, Resources, Cell…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

189

Building Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; a preface; a…

Gudzak, Raymond

190

Remediating and Enriching Performance Learning. Implementing Competency Based Education in Community Colleges, 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series on implementing competency-based education, this monograph discusses some diagnostic and prescriptive techniques which can be used in the day-to-day management of performance learning to determine which students need remediation or enrichment. Using analogies from detective work, the monograph suggests ways of assessing students'…

Loomis, Katherine A.; And Others

191

Identification and Development of Competency-Based Curriculum for Water and Wastewater Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken at Kirkwood Community College to develop a full-time and part-time competency based program to educate water and wastewater treatment plant operators. First, a survey was conducted to identify the job tasks performed by the operators, their frequency, importance, and necessity. A questionnaire listing 651 tasks divided…

Kirkwood Community Coll., Cedar Rapids, IA.

192

training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights new nutritional concerns or practices that may influence the adaptation to training. The discussion is based on the assumption that the adaptation to repeated bouts of training occurs during recovery periods and that if one can train harder, the adaptation will be greater. The goal is to maximize with nutrition the recovery\\/adaptation that occurs in all rest

LAWRENCE L. SPRIET; MARTIN J. GIBALA

193

Effect of CBT on Depressive Symptoms in Methadone Maintenance Patients Undergoing Treatment for Hepatitis C  

PubMed Central

To examine the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBT) to prevent depression among methadone maintenance patients undergoing antiviral treatment for hepatitis C (HCV), 29 patients beginning HCV treatment were randomized to CBT or standard care (SC). Study participants did not meet criteria for major depressive disorder at the time of study recruitment. CBT did not result in less depression-related antiviral treatment failure, better adherence to antiviral treatment, or better HCV RNA outcomes. There were no significant treatment group differences on depressive symptoms over time. The CBT group did display a greater and more consistent decline in both BDI-II and HAM-D scores over time (d=.85 on the BDI-II; d=.72 on the HAM-D). PMID:21743837

Ramsey, Susan E.; Engler, Patricia A.; Stein, Michael D.; Brown, Richard A.; Cioe, Patricia; Kahler, Christopher W.; Promrat, Kittichai; Rose, Jennifer; Anthony, Jennifer; Solomon, David A.

2011-01-01

194

A feasibility open trial of internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy (iCBT) among consumers of a non-governmental mental health organisation with anxiety  

PubMed Central

Background. To date the efficacy and acceptability of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatments (iCBT) has been examined in clinical trials and specialist facilities. The present study reports the acceptability, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an established iCBT treatment course (the Wellbeing Course) administered by a not-for-profit non-governmental organisation, the Mental Health Association (MHA) of New South Wales, to consumers with symptoms of anxiety. Methods. Ten individuals who contacted the MHA’s telephone support line or visited the MHA’s website and reported at least mild symptoms of anxiety (GAD-7 total scores ?5) were admitted to the study. Participants were provided access to the Wellbeing Course, which comprises five online lessons and homework assignments, and brief weekly support from an MHA staff member via telephone and email. The MHA staff member was an experienced mental health professional and received minimal training in administering the intervention. Results. All 10 participants completed the course within the 8 weeks. Post-treatment and two month follow-up questionnaires were completed by all participants. Mean within-group effect sizes (Cohen’s d) for the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 Item (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 Item (PHQ-9) were large (i.e., > .80) and consistent with previous controlled research. The Course was also rated as highly acceptable with all 10 participants reporting it was worth their time and they would recommend it to a friend. Conclusions. These results provide support for the potential clinical utility of iCBT interventions and the acceptability and feasibility of employing non-governmental mental health organisations to deliver these treatments. However, further research is needed to examine the clinical efficacy and cost-effectiveness of delivering iCBT via such organisations. PMID:24349897

Kirkpatrick, Terry; Manoukian, Linda; Johnston, Luke; Titov, Nickolai

2013-01-01

195

LONGER-TERM EFFECTIVENESS OF CBT IN TREATMENT OF COMORBID AUD/MDD ADOLESCENTS  

PubMed Central

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a commonly used therapy among persons with major depressive disorder (MDD) and also among those with alcohol use disorders (AUD). However, less is known regarding the efficacy of CBT for treating persons with co-occurring disorders involving both MDD and an AUD. Studies assessing the efficacy of CBT in adolescent populations with co-occurring disorders are particularly sparse, especially studies designed to assess the potential longer-term efficacy of an acute phase trial of CBT therapy in that youthful comorbid population. We recently conducted a first acute phase treatment study involving comorbid AUD/MDD adolescents, which involved the medication fluoxetine as well as manualized CBT therapy. The results of that acute phase study suggested efficacy for CBT therapy but not for fluoxetine for treating the depressive symptoms and the excessive alcohol use of study subjects (Cornelius et al., 2009). The current chapter provides an assessment of the long-term efficacy of CBT for treating comorbid AUD/MDD adolescents, based on results from our own long-term (four-year) follow-up study, which was conducted following the completion of our recent acute phase treatment study. The results of the study suggest long-term efficacy for acute phase CBT/MET therapy for treating both the depressive symptoms and the excessive alcohol use of comorbid AUD/MDD adolescents, but demonstrate no evidence of long-term efficacy for fluoxetine for treating either the depressive symptoms or the excessive alcohol use of that population.

Cornelius, Jack R.; Douaihy, Antoine B.; Kirisci, Levent; Daley, Dennis C.

2013-01-01

196

Evaluating Program Effectiveness or, If the Program is Competency-Based, How Come the Evaluation Is Costing So Much?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concern with competency-based education is not whether it is any different from the more traditional approaches but whether it is worth the considerable effort it involves. There are several aspects of a competency-based program to be considered in its evaluation. The first is whether or not there is a justifiable need for the specified…

Scriven, Michael

197

Training community matrons in basic cognitive behavioural therapy-based techniques for patients with COPD.  

PubMed

People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experience anxiety and depression with a higher prevalence than the general population. Despite this, they are under-represented in mental health services on a national scale, but do regularly have contact with health-care professionals such as community matrons. We aimed to explore the process of CBT-based skills supervision and the practical implications for community matrons using CBT-based techniques with COPD clients as part of their standard practice. Twenty community matrons took part in a 2-day CBT-based skills training programme. Measurements of their knowledge and understanding of CBT-based skills were taken before and following the training. Additionally, they completed written feedback relating to the training. They were then supervised by CBT therapists for 6 months. Written feedback was obtained following this and some supervisors participated in a 1-hour focus group to discuss the process. Community matrons' knowledge and understanding of CBT-based techniques significantly improved following training, although findings did indicate that merely training did not always seamlessly translate into effective practice. Supervisor feedback suggested that it would be beneficial for community matrons to share positive practice of their use of basic CBT-based techniques among peers to maximise the perceived value of this approach. PMID:24902055

Barker, David; Davies, Caroline; Dixon, Brendan; Hodgson, Amanda; Reay, Simon; Barclay, Nicola

2014-06-01

198

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Adjusting to Multiple Sclerosis (The saMS Trial): Does CBT Work and for Whom Does It Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aims were (a) to test the effectiveness of a nurse-led cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program to assist adjustment in the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS) and (b) to determine moderators of treatment including baseline distress, social support (SS), and treatment preference. Method: Ninety-four ambulatory people with MS…

Moss-Morris, Rona; Dennison, Laura; Landau, Sabine; Yardley, Lucy; Silber, Eli; Chalder, Trudie

2013-01-01

199

Defining and assessing competencies for competency-based, outcome-focused management development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that competency-based, outcome-focused management development and education programs might benefit from redirecting the non-technical subjects away from emphasis on theories and skills, to emphasis on the decisions which managers have to make. To do this effectively, there is a need for defining the types of decisions, for organizing the knowledge and skills for making these decisions, and

Erwin Rausch; Herbert Sherman; John B. Washbush

2002-01-01

200

Preliminary Support for a Competency-Based Model of Depression in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation of child depression to competency feedback was explored in five domains: academic, social, physical attractiveness, conduct, and sports. Self-reports of depression and peer nominations of competency were obtained from 1,422 elementary school children. Findings supported 4 hypotheses from a competency-based model of child depression. Peer nominations of competency in various domains were negatively related to depression. Being nominated

David A. Cole

1991-01-01

201

Acceptance and Mindfulness Techniques as Applied to Refugee and Ethnic Minority Populations with PTSD: Examples from "Culturally Adapted CBT"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we illustrate how we utilize acceptance and mindfulness techniques in our treatment (Culturally Adapted CBT, or CA-CBT) for traumatized refugees and ethnic minority populations. We present a Nodal Network Model (NNM) of Affect to explain the treatment's emphasis on body-centered mindfulness techniques and its focus on psychological…

Hinton, Devon E.; Pich, Vuth; Hofmann, Stefan G.; Otto, Michael W.

2013-01-01

202

Staff Expectations and Views of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The role of support workers and other professionals in the psychotherapeutic process has been commented upon but not as yet been systematically investigated. Method: To explore their views and expectations of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for adults with intellectual disabilities, eleven paid support workers and professionals were…

Kroese, Biza Stenfert; Jahoda, Andrew; Pert, Carol; Trower, Peter; Dagnan, Dave; Selkirk, Mhairi

2014-01-01

203

A Randomised Controlled Trial of a CBT Intervention for Anxiety in Children with Asperger Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief CBT intervention for anxiety with children diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (AS). A second interest was to evaluate whether more intensive parent involvement would increase the child's ability to manage anxiety outside of the clinic setting. Methods: Seventy-one children…

Sofronoff, Kate; Attwood, Tony; Hinton, Sharon

2005-01-01

204

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Online versus Clinic-Based CBT for Adolescent Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The study examined the relative efficacy of online (NET) versus clinic (CLIN) delivery of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) in the treatment of anxiety disorders in adolescents. Method: Participants included 115 clinically anxious adolescents aged 12 to 18 years and their parent(s). Adolescents were randomly assigned to NET, CLIN, or…

Spence, Susan H.; Donovan, Caroline L.; March, Sonja; Gamble, Amanda; Anderson, Renee E.; Prosser, Samantha; Kenardy, Justin

2011-01-01

205

CBT: A Clinician's guide to using the five areas approach 100 Cases in Psychiatry  

E-print Network

CBT: A Clinician's guide to using the five areas approach 100 Cases in Psychiatry Culture Personality Disorder and Serious Offending Psychiatry: An Evidence Based Text Pocket Prescriber 2011 Psychiatry by Ten Teachers Self-Harm in Young People: A Therapeutic Assessment Manual Textbook of Clinical

Paxton, Anthony T.

206

Comparability of TOEFL CBT Essay Prompts for Different Native Language Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the writing section of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) computer based test (CBT) is a single-prompt essay test, it is very important to ensure that each prompt is as fair as possible to any subgroups of examinees, such as those with different native language backgrounds. A particular topic of interest in this study is the…

Lee, Yong-Won; Breland, Hunter; Muraki, Eiji

207

Trial of CBT for impulse control behaviors affecting Parkinson patients and their caregivers  

PubMed Central

Objective: To test the effects of a novel cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)–based intervention delivered by a nurse therapist to patients with Parkinson disease (PD) with clinically significant impulse control behaviors (ICB). Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial comparing up to 12 sessions of a CBT-based intervention compared to a waiting list control condition with standard medical care (SMC). A total of 27 patients were randomized to the intervention and 17 to the waiting list. Patients with a Mini-Mental State Examination score of <24 were excluded. The coprimary outcomes were overall symptom severity and neuropsychiatric disturbances in the patients and carer burden and distress after 6 months. Secondary outcome measures included depression and anxiety, marital satisfaction, and work and social adjustment in patients plus general psychiatric morbidity and marital satisfaction in carers. Results: There was a significant improvement in global symptom severity in the CBT intervention group vs controls, from a mean score consistent with moderate to one of mild illness-related symptoms (?2 = 16.46, p < 0.001). Neuropsychiatric disturbances also improved significantly (p = 0.03), as did levels of anxiety and depression and adjustment. Measures of carer burden and distress showed changes in the desired direction in the intervention group but did not change significantly. General psychiatric morbidity did improve significantly in the carers of patients given CBT. Conclusions: This CBT-based intervention is the first to show efficacy in ICB related to PD in terms of patient outcomes. The hoped-for alleviation of carer burden was not observed. The study demonstrates the feasibility and potential benefit of a psychosocial treatment approach for these disturbances at least in the short term, and encourages further larger-scale clinical trials. Classification of evidence: The study provides Class IV evidence that CBT plus SMC is more effective than SMC alone in reducing the severity of ICB in PD, based upon Clinical Global Impression assessment (?2 = 16.46, p < 0.001): baseline to 6-month follow-up, reduction in symptom severity CBT group, 4.0–2.5; SMC alone group, 3.7–3.5. PMID:23325911

Okai, David; Askey-Jones, Sally; Samuel, Michael; O'Sullivan, Sean S.; Chaudhuri, K. Ray; Martin, Anne; Mack, Joel; Brown, Richard G.

2013-01-01

208

Development and Implementation of Health and Wellness CBT for Individuals with Depression and HIV  

PubMed Central

Rates of depression are reported to be between 22–33% in adults with HIV, which is double that of the general population. Depression negatively affects treatment adherence and health outcomes of those with medical illnesses. Further, it has been shown in adults that reducing depression may improve both adherence and health outcomes. To address the issues of depression and non-adherence, Health and Wellness (H&W) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and medication management (MM) treatment strategies have been developed specifically for youth living with both HIV and depression. H&W CBT is based on other studies with uninfected youth and upon research on adults with HIV. H&W CBT uses problem-solving, motivational interviewing, and cognitive-behavioral strategies to decrease adherence obstacles and increase wellness. The intervention is delivered in 14 planned sessions over a 6-month period, with three different stages of CBT. This paper summarizes the feasibility and acceptability data from an open depression trial with 8 participants, 16–24 years of age, diagnosed with HIV and with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) diagnosis of depression, conducted at two treatment sites in the Adolescent Trials Network (ATN). Both therapists and subjects completed a Session Evaluation Form (SEF) after each session, and results were strongly favorable. Results from The Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician (QIDS-C) also showed noteworthy improvement in depression severity. A clinical case vignette illustrates treatment response. Further research will examine the use of H&W CBT in a larger trial of youth diagnosed with both HIV and depression. PMID:24795524

Kennard, B.; Brown, L.; Hawkins, L.; Risi, A.; Radcliffe, J.; Emslie, G.; Mayes, T.; King, J.; Foxwell, A.; Buyukdura, J.; Bethel, J.; Naar-King, S.; Xu, J.; Lee, S.; Garvie, P.; London, C.; Tanney, M.; Thornton, S.

2014-01-01

209

Special Education Administration Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are course materials from a competency based education program in special education administration. It is explained that the Special Education Administration Training Program (SEATP) is designed for continuing education of administrators. Materials are divided into three self contained curriculum areas: fiscal management, personnel…

Watherman, Richard F.; Hollingsworth, Sue Ann

210

Social Competency CBT-Based Group Training for Youth in Alternative School Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The need for alternative educational places for at-risk youth has increased dramatically in the United States with enrolments\\u000a quadrupling in the last 15 years, and demand exceeding available placements. The United States is not alone in this predicament.\\u000a Students from other western countries have a similar need for alternative school placements. Australia, Canada, England, Scotland,\\u000a and Wales all report behavioral

Rachael C. Murrihy

211

Designing the framework for competency-based master of public health programs in India.  

PubMed

Competency in the practice of public health is the implicit goal of education institutions that offer master of public health (MPH) programs. With the expanding number of institutions offering courses in public health in India, it is timely to develop a common framework to ensure that graduates are proficient in critical public health. Steps such as situation assessment, survey of public health care professionals in India, and national consultation were undertaken to develop a proposed competency-based framework for MPH programs in India. The existing curricula of all 23 Indian MPH courses vary significantly in content with regard to core, concentration, and crosscutting discipline areas and course durations. The competency or learning outcome is not well defined. The findings of the survey suggest that MPH graduates in India should have competencies ranging from monitoring of health problems and epidemics in the community, applying biostatistics in public health, conducting action research, understanding social and community influence on public health developing indicators and instruments to monitor and evaluate community health programs, developing proposals, and involving community in planning, delivery, and monitoring of health programs. Competency statements were framed and mapped with domains including epidemiology, biostatistics, social and behavioral sciences, health care system, policy, planning, and financing, and environmental health sciences and a crosscutting domain that include health communication and informatics, health management and leadership, professionalism, systems thinking, and public health biology. The proposed competency-based framework for Indian MPH programs can be adapted to meet the needs of diverse, unique programs. The framework ensures the uniqueness and diversity of individual MPH programs in India while contributing to measures of overall program success. PMID:23169401

Sharma, Kavya; Zodpey, Sanjay; Morgan, Alison; Gaidhane, Abhay; Syed, Zahiruddin Quazi; Kumar, Rajeev

2013-01-01

212

The Management of Training in Multinational Corporations: Comparative Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies of British and Australian multinational corporations in the food and drink industry investigated how training and development are managed. Competency-based education and industry boards are important elements in both countries. Lack of a training culture in the industry and little innovation in training were observed. (SK)

Noble, Charles

1997-01-01

213

Transfer of manualized CBT for social phobia into clinical practice (SOPHO-PRAX): a study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is generally known to be efficacious in the treatment of social phobia when applied in RCTs, namely when the treatment manual is based on the Clark-Wells approach. However, little is known about the efficacy of manualized treatments in routine clinical practice (Phase IV of psychotherapy research). The present study (SOPHO-PRAX) is a continuation of a large multicenter randomized clinical trial (SOPHO-NET) and analyzes the extent to which additional training practitioners in manualized procedures enhances treatment effect. Methods/design Thirty-six private practitioners will be included in three treatment centers and randomly designated to either training in manualized CBT or no specific training. The treatment effects of the therapies conducted by both groups of therapists will be compared. A total of 162 patients (n?=?116 completers; n?=?58 per condition) will be enrolled. Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) will serve as primary outcome measure. Remission from social phobia is defined as LSAS total ?30 points. Data will be collected at treatment begin, after 8, 15, and 25 sessions (50?min each), at treatment completion, as well at 6 and 12?months post-treatment. Discussion The present CBT trial combines elements of randomized controlled trials and naturalistic studies in an innovative way. It will directly inform about the incremental effects of procedures established in a controlled trial into clinical practice. Study results are relevant to healthcare decisions and policy. They may serve to improve quality of treatment, and shorten the time frame between the development and widespread dissemination of effective methods, thereby reducing health cost expenditure. The results of this study will not only inform about the degree to which the new methods lead to an improvement of treatment course and outcome, but also about whether the effects of routine psychotherapeutic treatment are comparable to those of the controlled, strictly manualized treatments of the SOPHO-NET study. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01388231. This study was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (SOPHO-NET: BMBF 01GV0607; SOPHO-PRAX: BMBF 01GV1001). PMID:22647314

2012-01-01

214

Affect Regulation Training (ART) for Alcohol Use Disorders: Development of a Novel Intervention for Negative Affect Drinkers  

PubMed Central

Although negative affect is a common precipitant of alcohol relapse, there are few interventions for alcohol dependence that specifically target negative affect. In this Stage 1a/1b treatment development study, several affect regulation strategies (e.g., mindfulness, prolonged exposure, distress tolerance) were combined to create a new treatment supplement called Affect Regulation Training (ART), which could be added to enhance Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for alcohol dependence. A draft therapy manual was given to therapists and treatment experts before being administered to several patients who also provided input. After two rounds of manual development (Stage 1a), a pilot randomized clinical trial (N = 77) of alcohol-dependent outpatients who reported drinking often in negative affect situations was conducted (Stage 1b). Participants received 12-weekly, 90-minute sessions of either CBT for alcohol dependence plus ART (CBT + ART) or CBT plus a healthy lifestyles control condition (CBT + HLS). Baseline, end-of-treatment, and 3- and 6-month posttreatment interviews were conducted. For both treatment conditions, participant ratings of treatment satisfaction were high, with CBT + ART rated significantly higher. Drinking outcome results indicated greater reductions in alcohol use for CBT + ART when compared to CBT + HLS, with moderate effect sizes for percent days abstinent, drinks per day, drinks per drinking day, and percent heavy drinking days. Overall, findings support further research on affect regulation interventions for negative affect drinkers. PMID:23876455

Stasiewicz, Paul R.; Bradizza, Clara M.; Schlauch, Robert C.; Coffey, Scott F.; Gulliver, Suzy B.; Gudleski, Gregory; Bole, Christopher W.

2013-01-01

215

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Air Conditioning/Refrigeration. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for air conditioning/refrigeration is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Two separate curricula, one for the vocational-technical level and one for the associate degree level, are presented. The six…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

216

An Open Trial of In-Home CBT for Depressed Mothers in Home Visitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has demonstrated that low income mothers participating in home visitation programs have high rates of depression.\\u000a This study used an open trial design to evaluate In-Home Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (IH-CBT), an evidence-based treatment\\u000a for depression that is delivered in the home setting and has been adapted to address the needs of low income mothers participating\\u000a in home visitation. 64

Robert T. AmmermanFrank; Frank W. Putnam; Jack StevensNicole; Nicole R. Bosse; Jodie A. Short; Amy L. Bodley; Judith B. Van Ginkel

217

Adding Mindfulness to CBT Programs for Binge Eating: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigated the effectiveness of a combined mindfulness-CBT group therapy program for women with binge eating problems. Questionnaires were completed by group participants pre-program (n = 30), post-program (n = 30) and 3 month follow-up (n = 28). Significant reductions between pre- and post-program scores were found on standardised measures assessing binge eating, dieting, and body image dissatisfaction,

Hannah Woolhouse; Ann Knowles; Naomi Crafti

2012-01-01

218

Combined MI + CBT for Depressive Symptoms and Binge Drinking Among Young Adults: Two Case Studies  

PubMed Central

There are high rates of comorbidity between heavy drinking and depressive symptoms among college students, often resulting in severe alcohol-related consequences. No empirically supported treatment exists that concurrently addresses both of these problems in this population. Research with college students has demonstrated that brief motivational interventions (BMIs) reduce heavy drinking and alcohol-related consequences, and that cognitive behavioral therapy for depression (CBT-D) is effective in reducing depressive symptoms. Thus, a program combining BMI and CBT-D appears ideal for college students with co-occurring binge drinking and depressive symptoms. This manuscript presents the rationale and format of a BMI + CBT-D treatment protocol for this population, and provides a case example of a female college student who received the protocol and experienced improvement in depressive symptoms, a reduction in alcohol use and alcohol-related negative consequences, and an increase in readiness to change alcohol consumption. We discuss theoretical and clinical implications of these findings, and suggest directions for future research. PMID:25170188

Pedrelli, Paola; Borsari, Brian; Palm, Kathleen M.; Dalton, Elizabeth; Fava, Maurizio

2014-01-01

219

Development and Initial Validation of a Client-Rated MET-CBT Adherence Measure  

PubMed Central

Traditional mechanisms for rating adherence or fidelity are labor-intensive. We developed and validated a tool to rate adherence to Motivational Enhancement Therapy—Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (MET-CBT) through anonymous client surveys. The instrument was used to survey clients in 3 methadone programs over 2 waves. Explanatory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses were used to establish construct validity for both MET and CBT. Internal consistency based on Cronbach’s alpha was within adequate range (? > 0.70) for all but 2 of the subscales in one of the samples. Consensus between clients’ ratings (rwg(j) scores) were in the range of 0.6 and higher, indicating a moderate to strong degree of agreement among clients’ ratings of the same counselor. These results suggest that client surveys could be used to measure adherence to MET-CBT for quality monitoring that is more objective than counselor self-report and less resource-intensive than supervisor review of taped sessions. However, additional work is needed to develop this scale. PMID:22933842

Ulaszek, Wendy R.; Lin, Hsiu-Ju; Frisman, Linda K.; Sampl, Susan; Godley, Susan Harrington; Steinberg-Gallucci, Karen L.; Kamon, Jody L.; O'Hagan-Lynch, Margaret

2012-01-01

220

Exploring the Validity and Robustness of a Competency Self-Report Instrument for Vocational and Higher Competence-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the effectiveness of competence-based education (CB-education) across educational contexts and levels requires a new evaluation measurement. This study explores the face validity, construct validity, and robustness of a competency self-report instrument that is aligned with contemporary competence theory and with current educational…

Khaled, Anne E.; Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Tobi, Hilde; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Oonk, Carla; Mulder, Martin

2014-01-01

221

Summary of a Competency Based, Field Centered, Systems Approach to Elementary Teacher Education. Summary of the Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based, field-centered systems approach to elementary school teacher education was designed to bring about specified, measurable outcomes, to have evidence of its effectiveness continually available, and to be adaptive in the light of that evidence. The model was separated into two interdependent parts, the instructional model and the…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

222

A Competency Based, Field Centered, Systems Approach to Elementary Teacher Education. Volume I: Overview and Specifications. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This main volume (SP 002 155-SP 002 180 comprise the appendixes to this volume) explains the ComField (competency based, field centered) Model--a systems approach to the education of elementary school teachers which entails specifications (1) for instruction and (2) for management of the instructional program. In an overview, the ComField Model is…

Schalock, H. Del, Ed.; Hale, James R., Ed.

223

Landscaping and Greenhouse Technology. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Kucharewski, Dennis

224

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

225

The Development of a Competency Based Food Preparations Curriculum for High School Special Needs Students in New Castle County, Delaware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based culinary arts food preparation curriculum for Delaware high school students with special needs was developed during a project that included the following activities: review of the state's existing culinary arts curriculum for regular education students; incumbent worker survey administered to 24 restaurant…

Stewart, Richard Lee

226

Continuing Professional Development Needs of Teachers in Schools for Competence-Based Vocational Education: A Case Study from The Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to help schools for vocational education determine teachers' continuing professional development needs associated with implementing competence-based education programs, so that these schools can develop better attuned HR policies. It investigates which elements from the cognitive apprenticeship model and…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.

2010-01-01

227

Automotive and Diesel Engine Rebuilding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Salvatore, Gerald

228

Air Conditioning, Refrigeration and Heating. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Hardman, Thomas

229

Military Student Attitudes Toward American Preparatory Institute and Competency-Based, Continuous-Progress Instruction. Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on surveys of military student attitudes toward American Preparatory Institute (API), the study provided information about competency-based, continuous-progress high school level instruction at API, a private high school for military adults. Students were predominantly male enlisted military personnel, the mean age was approximately 20…

Summers, Barbara Stodghill

230

Competency-Based Degree Programs in the U.S.: Postsecondary Credentials for Measurable Student Learning and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today the U.S. higher education system is facing a crisis regarding its perceived quality. One model for improving quality is competency-based education, in which an institution clearly defines the specific competencies expected of its graduates. A key challenge is how to help more people, particularly adults, succeed at the post¬secondary level…

Klein-Collins, Rebecca

2012-01-01

231

Designing a Competency-Based Program in Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine for the Professional Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A five-day workshop was successful in fulfilling its prime objective, development of a competency-based curriculum for veterinary public health and preventive medicine (VPH & PM). The model now may be used to re-evaluate and, where necessary, revise existing curriculums. (LBH)

Selby, Lloyd A.; And Others

1976-01-01

232

Competency-Based Approaches: Linking Theory and Practice in Professional Education with Particular Reference to Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paul Hager and I worked on a large number of research projects and publications throughout the 1990s. The focus of this work was on developing a competency-based approach to professional education and assessment. I review this work and its impact over the years. Notwithstanding the fact that most professional associations today have a competency…

Gonczi, Andrew

2013-01-01

233

Recreational Vehicle Maintenance and Repair. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Felice, Michael

234

A Guide to Task Analysis for Competency Based Education. Health Occupations. Task Linkage Project Publication No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through synthesis and review of existing task analysis literature, this guide lists tasks expected to be performed by workers in ten health occupations and presents information for incorporating these tasks into articulated secondary and postsecondary competency based educational programs. Task listings are presented for the following…

Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. School of Education.

235

Development and Field Test of Competency Based Instructional Material for a Career Mobility Program for Licensed Practical Nurses. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Associate Degree Nursing Program at Bergen Community College developed and field tested competency-based instructional modules in a program designed to allow licensed practical nurses to qualify to take the certification examination for registered nurses after a year of study. Thirteen licensed practical nurses were enrolled in the first class…

Bergen Community Coll., Paramus, NJ.

236

Competency-Based Instruction in Business and Management Communication Courses Taught by Association for Business Communication Member Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses from 254 of 990 Association for Business Communication Members revealed that only 11% used competency-based instruction to teach business/management communication. Barriers to use included satisfaction with traditional instruction, lack of knowledge, lack of incentives/resources, difficulty scheduling facilities, and student inability to…

Lynch, David H.; Murranka, Patricia

2002-01-01

237

Assumed-Competence Based on Undervaluing Others as a Determinant of Emotions: Focusing on Anger and Sadness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine whether a new construct "Assumed-Competence based on undervaluing others (AC)" could be a determinant of anger and sadness for contemporary Japanese adolescents. A set of questionnaires was administered to 584 high school students, who rated ACS-2 (Assumed-Competence Scale, second version), Rosenberg's…

Hayamizu, Toshihiko; Kino, Kazuyo; Takagi, Kuniko; Tan, Eng-Hai

2004-01-01

238

Accounting Technology Associate Degree. Louisiana Technical Education Program and Course Standards. Competency-Based Postsecondary Curriculum Outline from Bulletin 1822.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines the curriculum of Louisiana's accounting technology associate degree program, which is a 6-term (77-credit hour) competency-based program designed to prepare students for employment as accounting technicians providing technical administrative support to professional accountants and other financial management personnel.…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

239

Development of a motivational interviewing programme as a prelude to CBT for anxiety following traumatic brain injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief preparatory programme, based on the principles of motivational interviewing (MI), was developed as a way of engaging clients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and preparing them for a cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) programme for anxiety. The MI?+?CBT programme was delivered to a male client in his early 40s with severe TBI at four months post-injury, using a single-subject

Ming-Yun Hsieh; Jennie Ponsford; Dana Wong; Michael Schönberger; Adam McKay; Kerrie Haines

2012-01-01

240

A Delphi study to construct a CanMEDS competence based inventory applicable for workplace assessment  

PubMed Central

Background During workplace based learning students develop professional competences and an appropriate performance. To gain insight in the learning process and to evaluate competences and performance, assessment tools are essential and need to be of good quality. We aimed to construct a competence inventory applicable as an instrument to measure the content validity of workplace based assessment tools, such as portfolio. Methods A Delphi study was carried out based on the CanMEDS Roles Framework. In three rounds, experts (N?=?25–30) were invited to score the key competences per CanMEDS role on relevance (6-point Likert-scale), and to comment on the content and formulation bearing in mind its use in workplace based assessment. A descriptive analysis of relevances and comments was performed. Results Although all competences were scored as relevant, many comments pointed at a lack of concrete, transparent and applicable descriptions of the key competences for the purpose of assessment. Therefore, the CanMEDS roles were reformulated in this Delphi procedure as concrete learning outcomes, observable and suitable for workplace based assessment. Conclusions A competence based inventory, ready for validating workplace based assessment tools, was constructed using a Delphi procedure and based on a clarification and concretisation of the CanMEDS roles. PMID:22973829

2012-01-01

241

Large Scale Cooling in Tertiary Central Europe as inferred by the MBT/CBT Paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth's climate experienced dramatic changes throughout the last 65 Ma. Starting at the Paleocene/Eocene thermal maximum, the global climate underwent a gradual cooling that eventually resulted in the glaciations in the Neogene. Most reconstructions of climate variability are derived from the marine realm using global deep sea oxygen isotope curves or molecular paleotemperature proxies. In contrast, only little information on the changes of the continental climate is available, which is mainly due to a lack of continuous high resolution records and suitable quantitative temperature proxies. The MBT/CBT paleothermometer is a novel temperature proxy based on temperature-driven changes in the branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) content of soil-living bacteria. These changes have been demonstrated to correlate well with ambient air temperature and the MBT/CBT proxy has thus been used to reconstruct paleotemperature records of terrestrial as well as coastal marine sediments (1). In this study, we employed the MBT/CBT paleothermometer on a number of maar lake deposits that - due to their exceptional well preserved organic matter content and finely-laminated sediments - comprise excellent archives of a continental climate. The analysed lacustrine deposits were all situated in the middle European Tertiary volcanic belt and ranged in age from the Early Eocene to the Late Oligocene, allowing for the detailed reconstruction of climate evolution of the Central European continent. Calculated mean annual air temperatures (MAAT) of the Messel oil shale, deposited during the Eocene climate optimum, averaged at 25 °C. This agrees well with previous temperature estimates based on paleontological observations, suggesting a paratropical climate in Eocene Central Europe with an average air temperature of ca. 25-30 °C (2). In contrast, to the green house period of the Early Eocene, the climate of the Oligocene was significantly cooler reflected by low MAAT of 8-15 °C in the lacustrine deposit of Lake Enspel (Westerwald, Germany). These MBT/CBT-derived air temperatures are similar to those previously reconstructed using floral elements of the Enspel deposit (3). Our results thus suggest that the paleotemperature trends of the Central European continent, based on the distribution of branched GDGTs in Tertiary lacustrine deposits, resemble those previously obtained from the marine realm and that the MBT/CBT proxy might be a valuable tool for reconstructing terrestrial paleoclimate records. References (1) Donders et al. (2007) EPSL 281, 215-225 (2) Wilde (1989) Cour. Forsch. Senk 115, 1-213 (3) Herrmann (2007) PhD Thesis, Tübingen University

Bauersachs, T.; Schouten, S.; Schwark, L.

2011-12-01

242

Training Counselors to Work Competently with Individuals and Families with Health and Mental Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A paradigm shift is underway in the training of professional counselors. It involves a shift in orientation from an input-based or traditional model of training to an outcomes-based or competency-based model of training. This article provides a detailed description of both input-based and outcomes-based training and instructional methods. It…

Sperry, Len

2012-01-01

243

A Summary of Initial Efforts in Developing Competency-Based Teacher Training for Social-Emotional Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This five-part document, based on the position that schools should teach social-emotional development, presents a rationale concerning human needs for healthy social-emotional development, presents a rationale for teaching it, and outlines exploratory and respectful behaviors. Part 1 defines the position which stresses the need to increase…

Henderson, Judith E.

244

Beyond NAVMEC: competency-based veterinary education and assessment of the professional competencies.  

PubMed

The implementation of competency-based curricula within the health sciences has been an important paradigm shift over the past 30 years. As a result, one of the five strategic goals recommended by the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium (NAVMEC) report was to graduate career-ready veterinarians who are proficient in, and have the confidence to use, an agreed-upon set of core competencies. Of the nine competencies identified as essential for veterinary graduates, seven could be classified as professional or non-technical competencies: communication; collaboration; management (self, team, system); lifelong learning, scholarship, value of research; leadership; diversity and multicultural awareness; and adaptation to changing environments. Traditionally, the professional competencies have received less attention in veterinary curricula and their assessment is often sporadic or inconsistent. In contrast, the same or similar competencies are being increasingly recognized in other health professions as essential skills and abilities, and their assessment is being undertaken with enhanced scrutiny and critical appraisal. Several challenges have been associated with the assessment of professional competencies, including agreement as to their definition and therefore their evaluation, the fact that they are frequently complex and require multiple integrative assessments, and the ability and/or desire of faculty to teach and assess these competencies. To provide an improved context for assessment of the seven professional competencies identified in the NAVMEC report, this article describes a broad framework for their evaluation as well as specific examples of how these or similar competencies are currently being measured in medical and veterinary curricula. PMID:23709107

Hodgson, Jennifer L; Pelzer, Jacquelyn M; Inzana, Karen D

2013-01-01

245

Purpose, Value and Competence: Contextualising Competence-Based Assessment in the Civil Aviation Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the training and assessment of air traffic controllers illustrated how context, especially of specific occupations, affects the purpose and design of qualifications as well as the value attached to them by recipients and employers. (SK)

Fuller, Alison

1995-01-01

246

Eight years later: outcomes of CBT-treated versus untreated anxious children  

PubMed Central

Background Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorders of childhood, generate significant distress, are considered precursors to diverse psychiatric disorders, and lead to poor social and employment outcomes in adulthood. Although childhood anxiety has a significant impact on a child's developmental trajectory, only a handful of studies examined the long-term impact of treatment and none included a control group. The aim of this study was to conduct a long-term follow-up (LTFU) of anxious children who were treated with Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy (CBT) compared to a matched group of children who were not. Methods Subjects comprised 120 children: a treatment group which included the first 60 consecutive consenting children who were diagnosed with an anxiety disorder and treated with CBT between the years 1997 and 2003 and a control group, 60 matched children who were assessed but not treated with CBT. An “ex-post-facto” design was used to compare the two groups. Results Children showed lower rates of anxiety diagnosis (about 50% for both groups) and significantly improved functioning at LTFU (time effect P < 0.0001; no group difference). Anxiety levels were significantly lower in the nontreatment group at LTFU as compared to initial assessment (P = 0.02), but not in the treatment group, and a significant between-group difference was found (P = 0.01) according to child. An inverse relationship was found between self-efficacy/self-esteem and anxiety outcome ([P = 0.0008] and [P = 0.04], respectively). Conclusions This study supports the assumption that childhood anxiety disorders may improve without treatment and highlights self-efficacy/self-esteem as potential factors in recovery. PMID:25328851

Adler Nevo, Gili W; Avery, David; Fiksenbaum, Lisa; Kiss, Alex; Mendlowitz, Sandra; Monga, Suneeta; Manassis, Katharina

2014-01-01

247

We Don't Train in Vain: A Dissemination Trial of Three Strategies of Training Clinicians in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  

PubMed Central

There has been little research on the effectiveness of different training strategies or the impact of exposure to treatment manuals alone on clinicians' ability to effectively implement empirically supported therapies. Seventy-eight community-based clinicians were assigned to 1 of 3 training conditions: review of a cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) manual only, review of the manual plus access to a CBT training Web site, or review of the manual plus a didactic seminar followed by supervised casework. The primary outcome measure was the clinicians' ability to demonstrate key CBT interventions, as assessed by independent ratings of structured role plays. Statistically significant differences favoring the seminar plus supervision over the manual only condition were found for adherence and skill ratings for 2 of the 3 role plays, with intermediate scores for the Web condition. PMID:15709837

Sholomskas, Diane E.; Syracuse-Siewert, Gia; Rounsaville, Bruce J.; Ball, Samuel A.; Nuro, Kathryn F.; Carroll, Kathleen M.

2008-01-01

248

Absence of seasonal patterns in MBT-CBT indices in mid-latitude soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The degree of methylation and cyclization of bacteria-derived branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) membrane lipids in soils depends on temperature and soil pH. Expressed in the methylation index of branched tetraethers (MBT) and cyclization ratio of branched tetraethers (CBT), these relationships are used to reconstruct past annual mean air temperature (MAT) based on the distribution of branched GDGTs in ancient sediments; the MBT-CBT proxy. Although it was shown that the best correlation of this proxy is with annual MAT, it remains unknown whether a seasonal bias in temperature reconstructions could occur, such as towards a seasonal period of 'optimal growth' of the, as yet, unidentified soil bacteria which produce branched GDGTs. To investigate this possibility, soils were sampled from eight different plots in the USA (Minnesota and Ohio), The Netherlands (Texel) and the UK (Devon) in time series over 1 year and analyzed for their branched GDGT content. Further analyses of the branched GDGTs present as core lipids (CLs; the presumed fossil pool) and intact polar lipids (IPLs; the presumed extant pool) were undertaken for two of the investigated soil plots. The amount of IPL-derived branched GDGTs is low relative to the branched GDGT CLs, i.e. only 6-9% of the total branched GDGT pool. In all soils, no clear change was apparent in the distribution of branched GDGT lipids (either core or IPL-derived) with seasonal temperature change; the MBT-CBT temperature proxy gave similar temperature estimates year-round, which generally matched the mean annual soil temperature. In addition to a lack of coherent changes in relative distributions, concentrations of the branched GDGTs did not show clear changes over the seasons. For IPL-derived GDGTs these results suggest that their turnover time in soils is in the order of 1 year or more. Thus, our study does not provide evidence for seasonal effects on the distribution of branched GDGTs in soils, at least at mid-latitudes, and therefore, no direct evidence for a bias of MBT-CBT reconstructed temperatures towards a certain season of optimal growth of the source bacteria. If, however, there is a slight seasonal preference of branched GDGT production, which can easily be obscured by natural variability due to the heterogeneity of soils, then a seasonal bias may potentially still develop over time due to the long turnover time of branched GDGTs.

Weijers, Johan W. H.; Bernhardt, Beth; Peterse, Francien; Werne, Josef P.; Dungait, Jennifer A. J.; Schouten, Stefan; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

2011-06-01

249

Transdiagnostic versus Diagnosis-Specific CBT for Anxiety Disorders: A Preliminary Randomized Controlled Non-inferiority Trial  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders have been gaining increased attention and empirical study in recent years. Despite this, research on transdiagnostic anxiety treatments has, to date, relied on open trials, or comparisons to waitlist conditions, published benchmarks, or relaxation-based interventions. METHODS The current study was a randomized clinical trial examining the efficacy of a 12-week transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral group treatment in comparison to 12-week diagnosis-specific group CBT protocols for panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. RESULTS Results from 46 treatment initiators suggested significant improvement during treatment, strong evidence for treatment equivalence across transdiagnostic and diagnosis-specific CBT conditions, and no differences in treatment credibility. CONCLUSIONS This study provides evidence supporting the efficacy of transdiagnostic CBT by comparison to current gold-standard diagnosis-specific CBT for social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and panic disorder. Transdiagnostic group CBT has the benefit of potentially easing dissemination and increasing access to evidence based treatments for anxiety without sacrificing efficacy. PMID:22767410

Norton, Peter J.; Barrera, Terri L.

2012-01-01

250

Workplace Training Project, Eugene, Oregon. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Workplace Training Project began as a partnership between Lane Community College in Eugene, Oregon, and four area businesses. Their primary objective was to develop worksite-specific, learner-centered, competency-based workplace curricula in topics such as the following: basic math, fractions and measurement in the workplace, survival math for…

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

251

Aggression Management Training for Youth in Behaviour Schools: A Quasi-Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 16-week, bi-weekly, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based aggression management training course was conducted with a limited sample of behavioural school students in New South Wales. Attendance, withdrawal and suspension rates over the training period were compared to those of a control period. Parent and teacher feedback, assessed at pre-…

Wheatley, Anna; Murrihy, Rachael; van Kessel, Jacobine; Wuthrich, Viviana; Remond, Louise; Tuqiri, Rebekka; Dadds, Mark; Kidman, Antony

2009-01-01

252

Training over the Intranet--A Shockwave Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study explains how the Boeing Company has used the World Wide Web to deliver flight and maintenance computer-based training (CBT) that was originally created on a Macintosh computer and converted to Windows format. The case study begins with a brief discussion of the advantages of using corporate and institutional internal networks…

Snydar, Sean

253

Contradictions in the Practices of Training for and Assessment of Competency: A Case Study from the Maritime Domain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the contradictions in the current maritime education and training system (MET), which is based on competency-based education, training and assessment, and to theorize the failure to make the training useful. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of education and training in the international…

Emad, Gholamreza; Roth, Wolff Michael

2008-01-01

254

Interactive, Computer-Based Training Program for Radiological Workers  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is redesigning its Computer-Based Training (CBT) program for radiological workers. The redesign represents a major effort to produce a single, highly interactive and flexible CBT program that will meet the training needs of a wide range of radiological workers--from researchers and x-ray operators to individuals working in tritium, uranium, plutonium, and accelerator facilities. The new CBT program addresses the broad diversity of backgrounds found at a national laboratory. When a training audience is homogeneous in terms of education level and type of work performed, it is difficult to duplicate the effectiveness of a flexible, technically competent instructor who can tailor a course to the express needs and concerns of a course's participants. Unfortunately, such homogeneity is rare. At LLNL, they have a diverse workforce engaged in a wide range of radiological activities, from the fairly common to the quite exotic. As a result, the Laboratory must offer a wide variety of radiological worker courses. These include a general contamination-control course in addition to radioactive-material-handling courses for both low-level laboratory (i.e., bench-top) activities as well as high-level work in tritium, uranium, and plutonium facilities. They also offer training courses for employees who work with radiation-generating devices--x-ray, accelerator, and E-beam operators, for instance. However, even with the number and variety of courses the Laboratory offers, they are constrained by the diversity of backgrounds (i.e., knowledge and experience) of those to be trained. Moreover, time constraints often preclude in-depth coverage of site- and/or task-specific details. In response to this situation, several years ago LLNL began moving toward computer-based training for radiological workers. Today, that CBT effort includes a general radiological safety course developed by the Department of Energy's Hanford facility and a contamination-control program developed by LLNL. A comprehensive study guide and a post-training practical exam supplement the CBT effort. The ''hands-on'' practical is particularly important in that it gives participants not only the opportunity to demonstrate what they've learned, but to ask questions about their individual work situations. The challenge is how to make the CBT program more facility- and task-specific while, at the same time, making the program more in tune with the education and/or experience levels of individual trainees. To that end, they have designed a CBT program, which they refer to as an ''onion''. That is, the course is layered, going from the general to the more and more specific.

Trinoskey, P.A.; Camacho, P.I.; Wells, L.

2000-01-18

255

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for anxiety in people with dementia: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Many people with dementia experience anxiety, which can lead to decreased independence, relationship difficulties and increased admittance to care homes. Anxiety is often treated with antipsychotic medication, which has limited efficacy and serious side effects. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is widely used to treat anxiety in a range of populations, yet no RCTs on CBT for anxiety in dementia exist. This study aims to develop a CBT for anxiety in dementia manual and to determine its feasibility in a pilot RCT. Methods/design Phase I involves the development of a CBT for anxiety in dementia manual, through a process of (1) focus groups, (2) comprehensive literature reviews, (3) expert consultation, (4) a consensus conference and (5) field testing. Phase II involves the evaluation of the manual with 50 participants with mild to moderate dementia and anxiety (and their carers) in a pilot, two-armed RCT. Participants will receive either ten sessions of CBT or treatment as usual. Primary outcome measures are anxiety and costs. Secondary outcome measures are participant quality of life, behavioural disturbance, cognition, depression, mood and perceived relationship with the carer, and carer mood and perceived relationship with the person with dementia. Measures will be administered at baseline, 15 weeks and 6 months. Approximately 12 qualitative interviews will be used to gather service-users' perspectives on the intervention. Discussion This study aims to determine the feasibility of CBT for people with anxiety and dementia and provide data on the effect size of the intervention in order to conduct a power analysis for a definitive RCT. The manual will be revised according to qualitative and quantitative findings. Its publication will enable its availability throughout the NHS and beyond. Trial registration ISRCTN64806852 PMID:23092336

2012-01-01

256

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

Dimanche, Maurice

257

Employer Engagement with the Vocational Education and Training System in Australia. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a review of literature on employer engagement with vocational education and training (VET). The main conclusion is that the major form of engagement is through the competency-based training system, which is manifested through training packages. Another way employers are encouraged to engage with VET is through competition amongst…

Stanwick, John

2009-01-01

258

The use of narrative strategies based on fairytales as a novel, integrative ingredient in CBT: a case report.  

PubMed

Even though cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is often the recommended treatment for mental health problems, it may present limitations when dealing with existential or moral issues. The aim of this case report is to describe the introduction of narrative techniques based on traditional fairytales in the process of CBT, in order to overcome treatment resistances and to help the patient in dealing with major life crises. In the case presented, the joint use of these two techniques helped the patient to achieve the right self-distance from her problems, allowing her to reach a new, wider perspective and a subjective self-maturation. PMID:24607080

Ruini, Chiara; Ottolini, Fedra

2014-01-01

259

Revised calibration of the MBT-CBT paleotemperature proxy based on branched tetraether membrane lipids in surface soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MBT-CBT proxy for the reconstruction of paleotemperatures and past soil pH is based on the distribution of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (brGDGT) membrane lipids. The Methylation of Branched Tetraether (MBT) and the Cyclisation of Branched Tetraether (CBT) indices were developed to quantify these distributions, and significant empirical relations between these indices and annual mean air temperature (MAT) and/or soil pH were found in a large data set of soils. In this study, we extended this soil dataset to 278 globally distributed surface soils. Of these soils, 26% contains all nine brGDGTs, while in 63% of the soils the seven most common brGDGTs were detected, and the latter were selected for calibration purposes. This resulted in new transfer functions for the reconstruction of pH based on the CBT index: pH = 7.90-1.97 × CBT (r2 = 0.70; RMSE = 0.8; n = 176), as well as for MAT based on the CBT index and methylation index based on the seven most abundant GDGTs (defined as MBT?): MAT = 0.81-5.67 × CBT + 31.0 × MBT? (r2 = 0.59; RMSE = 5.0 °C; n = 176). The new transfer function for MAT has a substantially lower correlation coefficient than the original equation (r2 = 0.77). To investigate possible improvement of the correlation, we used our extended global surface soil dataset to statistically derive the indices that best describe the relations of brGDGT composition with MAT and soil pH. These new indices, however, resulted in only a relatively minor increase in correlation coefficients, while they cannot be explained straightforwardly by physiological mechanisms. The large scatter in the calibration cannot be fully explained by local factors or by seasonality, but MAT for soils from arid regions are generally substantially (up to 20 °C) underestimated, suggesting that absolute brGDGT-based temperature records for these areas should be interpreted with caution. The applicability of the new MBT?-CBT calibration function was tested using previously published MBT-CBT-derived paleotemperature records covering the last deglaciation in Central Africa and East Asia, the Eocene-Oligocene boundary and the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. The results show that trends remain similar in all records, but that absolute temperature estimates and the amplitude of temperature changes are lower for most records, and generally in better agreement with independent proxy data.

Peterse, Francien; van der Meer, Jaap; Schouten, Stefan; Weijers, Johan W. H.; Fierer, Noah; Jackson, Robert B.; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

2012-11-01

260

Competency-based strategies for injury control and prevention curriculums in undergraduate medical education  

PubMed Central

Injury, including unintentional injury and intentional injury, is the leading cause of death in people aged ?44?years. Doctors often treat acute injuries, assist in the rehabilitation process and provide injury prevention guidance to patients. Current undergraduate medical school curriculums lack content and consistency in providing training in this area. A matrix to show the integration of injury control and prevention principles into existing undergraduate medical school curriculums is proposed. PMID:17296681

Phelan, Mary Beth; Falimirski, Mark E; Simpson, Deborah E; Czinner, Mary L; Hargarten, Stephen W

2007-01-01

261

Increasing Access to Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for the Treatment of Mental Illness in Canada: A Research Framework and Call for Action  

PubMed Central

International studies suggest that cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for the treatment of mental disorders results in improved clinical and economic outcomes. In Canada, however, publicly funded CBT is scarce, representing an inequity in service delivery. A research framework to evaluate the Canadian health economic impact of increasing access to CBT is proposed. Canadian data related to the epidemiology of mental disorders, patterns of usual care, CBT effectiveness, resource allocation and costs of care will be required and methodologies should be transparent and outcomes meaningful to Canadian decision-makers. Findings should be delivered by multidisciplinary teams of researchers and health professionals. Barriers to funding reform must be identified and knowledge translation strategies delineated and implemented. Canadian clinical and economic outcomes data are essential for those seeking to provide decision-makers with the evidence they need to evaluate whether CBT represents value for mental health dollars spent. PMID:21286263

Payne, Krista A.; Myhr, Gail

2010-01-01

262

The Role of Perceived Partner Alliance on the Efficacy of CBT-I: Preliminary Findings from the Partner Alliance in Insomnia Research Study (PAIRS).  

PubMed

Despite cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) being effective, barriers to adherence have been documented. Perceived partner alliance has been shown to influence adherence and treatment outcome across a range of other health conditions. The present study examined patients' perceptions regarding the role of their partner in CBT-I and the impact of perceived partner alliance on treatment outcome. Twenty-one patients were interviewed, following CBT-I, to examine the areas where partners were thought to influence the process of CBT-I. The majority of statements made during interviews explicitly mentioned a partner's influence (65%). Additionally, the production of more positive partner statements was associated with better treatment outcome (using the Insomnia Severity Index). The integration of perceived partner alliance into CBT-I is discussed. PMID:24527869

Ellis, Jason G; Deary, Vincent; Troxel, Wendy M

2015-01-01

263

Mechanisms of efficacy of CBT for Cambodian refugees with PTSD: improvement in emotion regulation and orthostatic blood pressure response.  

PubMed

Based on the results of a randomized controlled trial, we examined a model of the mechanisms of efficacy of culturally adapted cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for Cambodian refugees with pharmacology-resistant posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comordid orthostatic panic attacks (PAs). Twelve patients were in the initial treatment condition, 12 in the delayed treatment condition. The patients randomized to CBT had much greater improvement than patients in the waitlist condition on all psychometric measures and on one physiological measure-the systolic blood pressure response to orthostasis (d = 1.31)-as evaluated by repeated-measures MANOVA and planned contrasts. After receiving CBT, the Delayed Treatment Group improved on all measures, including the systolic blood pressure response to orthostasis. The CBT treatment's reduction of PTSD severity was significantly mediated by improvement in orthostatic panic and emotion regulation ability. The current study supports our model of the generation of PTSD in the Cambodian population, and suggests a key role of decreased vagal tone in the generation of orthostatic panic and PTSD in this population. It also suggests that vagal tone is involved in emotion regulation, and that both vagal tone and emotion regulation improve across treatment. PMID:19691545

Hinton, Devon E; Hofmann, Stefan G; Pollack, Mark H; Otto, Michael W

2009-01-01

264

Taking the Time to Improve the Validity of Low-Stakes Tests: The Effort-Monitoring CBT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attractiveness of computer-based tests (CBTs) is due largely to their capability to expand the ways we conduct testing. A relatively unexplored application, however, is actively using the computer to reduce construct-irrelevant variance while a test is being administered. This investigation introduces the effort-monitoring CBT, in which the…

Wise, Steven L.; Bhola, Dennison S.; Yang, Sheng-Ta

2006-01-01

265

Disorder-Specific Effects of CBT for Anxious and Depressed Youth: A Meta-Analysis of Candidate Mediators of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The commonalities between anxiety and depression have been discussed before, but few have delineated the potentially different mechanisms through which treatments work for these populations. The current study conducted a comprehensive review of child and adolescent randomized clinical trials that tested cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for…

Chu, Brian C.; Harrison, Tara L.

2007-01-01

266

CBT for Childhood Anxiety Disorders: Differential Changes in Selective Attention between Treatment Responders and Non-Responders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examined whether treatment response to stepped-care cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) is associated with changes in threat-related selective attention and its specific components in a large clinical sample of anxiety-disordered children. Methods: Ninety-one children with an anxiety disorder were included in the present…

Legerstee, Jeroen S.; Tulen, Joke H. M.; Dierckx, Bram; Treffers, Philip D. A.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Utens, Elisabeth M. W. J.

2010-01-01

267

Randomized Controlled Trial of Clozapine and CBT for First-Episode Psychosis with Enduring Positive Symptoms: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Here we report the results of a pilot study investigating the relative and combined effects of a 12 week course of clozapine and CBT in first-episode psychosis patients with prominent ongoing positive symptoms following their initial treatment. Patients from our early psychosis service who met the inclusion criteria (n = 48) were randomized to one of four treatment groups: clozapine, clozapine plus CBT, thioridazine, or thioridazine plus CBT. The degree of psychopathology and functionality of all participants was measured at baseline then again at 6, 12 and 24 weeks, and the treatment outcomes for each group determined by statistical analysis. A substantial proportion (52%) of those treated with clozapine achieved symptomatic remission, as compared to 35% of those who were treated with thioridazine. Overall, those who received clozapine responded more rapidly to treatment than those receiving the alternative treatments. Interestingly, during the early treatment phase CBT appeared to reduce the intensity of both positive and negative symptoms and thus the time taken to respond to treatment, as well having as a stabilizing effect over time. PMID:22937265

Edwards, J.; Cocks, J.; Burnett, P.; Maud, D.; Wong, L.; Yuen, H. P.; Harrigan, S. M.; Herrman-Doig, T.; Murphy, B.; Wade, D.; McGorry, P. D.

2011-01-01

268

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Combined Trauma-Focused CBT and Sertraline for Childhood PTSD Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the potential benefits of adding a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, sertraline, versus placebo, to trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) for improving posttraumatic stress disorder and related psychological symptoms in children who have experienced sexual abuse. Method: Twenty-four 10- to 17-year-old…

Cohen, Judith A.; Mannarino, Anthony P.; Perel, James M.; Staron, Virginia

2007-01-01

269

Glacial-interglacial continental temperature variability in the Beringian Arctic: the MBT/CBT record of Lake El'gygytgyn  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009, deep drilling at El'gygytgyn Crater Lake (Far East Russian Arctic) recovered sediments covering the past 3.6 Ma. These sediments provide the first terrestrial Arctic paleoclimate record spanning the Pliocene-Pleistocene from the largest and oldest unglaciated Arctic lake basin. Lake El'gygytgyn sediments thus offer a unique opportunity to examine high-latitude climate variability beyond the 100 Ka interval captured by Greenland ice core records. In this study we utilize an organic geochemical paleothermometer, the MBT/CBT Index based on branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs; Weijers et al., 2007), to examine continental temperature variability during several key time intervals of interest. In particular, we focus on Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 1-6, MIS 9-11, MIS 31 and during the earliest formation of lacustrine sediments in the impact basin in the middle Pliocene. Previous work on Lake El'gygytgyn sediments has identified MIS 11c and MIS 31 as "super" interglacials, which were characterized by significantly warmer temperatures than at present largely based on pollen spectra and modern analog analysis (Melles et al., 2012). Our results show that relative changes in MBT/CBT-derived temperatures display similar overall patterns of glacial-interglacial climate variability noted in temperature reconstructions from Lake El'gygytgyn (Melles et al., 2012) as well as Greenland ice core records, North Atlantic sea surface temperature records (e.g. Lawrence et al., 2010), and the global benthic ?18O stack (Lisiecki and Raymo, 2005). We demonstrate that MBT/CBT is a sensitive proxy for recording temperature variability at Lake El'gygytgyn. Interestingly, while pronounced warming is noted during interglacials, a number of abrupt and short-lived temperature reversals are also observed within these intervals, such as during MIS 5a and MIS 5e. Overall, we find that MBT/CBT temperatures closely track changes in local summer insolation at 67°N, in agreement with numerous other proxy reconstructions from the lake (e.g. Melles et al., 2012). We note that before absolute temperatures can be reconstructed from Lake El'gygytgyn, a site-specific MBT/CBT calibration is required. We are currently investigating this by examining MBT/CBT in surface sediment and sediment trap samples from the lake. Overall, application of the MBT/CBT paleothermometer to Lake El'gygytgyn sediments appears to be a promising technique for generating a high-resolution Plio-Pleistocene continental temperature record from the western Arctic.

Castaneda, I. S.; Finkelstein, D. B.; Phu, V.; Brigham-Grette, J.; Wilkie, K. M.; D'anjou, R. M.; Wei, J. H.; Urann, B. M.

2012-12-01

270

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for anxiety and depression in adults with mild intellectual disabilities (ID): a pilot randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Several studies have showed that people with intellectual disabilities (ID) have suitable skills to undergo cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Case studies have reported successful use of cognitive behavioural therapy techniques (with adaptations) in people with ID. Modified cognitive behavioural therapy may be a feasible and effective approach for the treatment of depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders in ID. To date, two studies have reported group-based manaulised cognitive behavioural treatment programs for depression in people with mild ID. However, there is no individual manualised programme for anxiety or depression in people with intellectual disabilities. The aims of the study are to determine the feasibility of conducting a randomised controlled trial for CBT in people with ID. The data will inform the power calculation and other aspects of carrying out a definitive randomised controlled trial. Methods Thirty participants with mild ID will be allocated randomly to either CBT or treatment as usual (TAU). The CBT group will receive up to 20 hourly individual CBT over a period of 4 months. TAU is the standard treatment which is available to any adult with an intellectual disability who is referred to the intellectual disability service (including care management, community support, medical, nursing or social support). Beck Youth Inventories (Beck Anxiety Inventory & Beck Depression Inventory) will be administered at baseline; end of treatment (4 months) and at six months to evaluate the changes in depression and anxiety. Client satisfaction, quality of life and the health economics will be secondary outcomes. Discussion The broad outcome of the study will be to produce clear guidance for therapists to apply an established psychological intervention and identify how and whether it works with people with intellectual disabilities. Trial registration ISRCTN: ISRCTN38099525 PMID:21492437

2011-01-01

271

Oral Rehydration Therapy and the Control of Diarrheal Diseases. Training for Development. Peace Corps Information Collection & Exchange Training Manual No. T-34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was developed to train Peace Corps volunteers and other community health workers in oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and the control of diarrheal diseases. Using a competency-based format, the manual contains six training modules (organized in 22 sessions) that focus on interrelated health education and technical content areas. Each…

Clark, Mari; And Others

272

Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. PMID:23134815

2012-01-01

273

CBT for depression: a pilot RCT comparing mobile phone vs. computer  

PubMed Central

Background This paper reports the results of a pilot randomized controlled trial comparing the delivery modality (mobile phone/tablet or fixed computer) of a cognitive behavioural therapy intervention for the treatment of depression. The aim was to establish whether a previously validated computerized program (The Sadness Program) remained efficacious when delivered via a mobile application. Method 35 participants were recruited with Major Depression (80% female) and randomly allocated to access the program using a mobile app (on either a mobile phone or iPad) or a computer. Participants completed 6 lessons, weekly homework assignments, and received weekly email contact from a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist until completion of lesson 2. After lesson 2 email contact was only provided in response to participant request, or in response to a deterioration in psychological distress scores. The primary outcome measure was the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9). Of the 35 participants recruited, 68.6% completed 6 lessons and 65.7% completed the 3-months follow up. Attrition was handled using mixed-model repeated-measures ANOVA. Results Both the Mobile and Computer Groups were associated with statistically significantly benefits in the PHQ-9 at post-test. At 3?months follow up, the reduction seen for both groups remained significant. Conclusions These results provide evidence to indicate that delivering a CBT program using a mobile application, can result in clinically significant improvements in outcomes for patients with depression. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN 12611001257954 PMID:23391304

2013-01-01

274

Workplace Training Project at Lane Community College. Guide for Instructors and Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed for workplace instructors involved in the Workplace Training Project. The Workplace Training Project was conducted by Lane Community College in Eugene, Oregon, in partnership with four area businesses to develop learner-centered competency-based workplace curricula covering the following topics: basic math, fractions and…

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

275

An Internal Evaluation of a Field-Based Training Component for School Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project ROME-FOCUS (Field-Oriented Competency Utilization System), a competency-based, field-oriented, training program for school administrators was field tested at Valdosta State College, Valdosta, Georgia, January - May, 1976. An internal evaluation conducted by the instructional staff suggested that principals preferred ROME-FOCUS training to…

Licata, Joseph W.

276

Assessment of Multiple Physician Competencies in Postgraduate Training: Utility of the Structured Oral Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency based medical education involves assessing physicians-in-training in multiple roles. Training programs are challenged by the need to introduce appropriate yet feasible assessment methods. We therefore examined the utility of a structured oral examination (SOE) in the assessment of the 7 CanMEDS roles (Medical Expert, Communicator,…

Jefferies, Ann; Simmons, Brian; Ng, Eugene; Skidmore, Martin

2011-01-01

277

Commentary: Training in Pediatric Psychology: A Survey of Predoctoral Internship Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the field of professional psychology, there is a growing emphasis on a competency-based approach to the training and evaluation of psychology students (Pe- terson, Peterson, Abrams, & Stricker, 1997). This move- ment has led to such recent events as a major multinational conference, which was held to focus on the identification, training, and assessment of core competencies of psy-

Nadine J. Kaslow; Corinne F. David

2003-01-01

278

Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel. Entry Level Welder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains information to assist education and training facilities in the development and administration of competency-based training that leads to the qualification and certification of trainees in accordance with American Welding Society specifications. The document begins with a description of the scope, objectives, and requirements…

American Welding Society, Miami, FL.

279

Virtual Learning Aspects of Curriculum Development in Technical Teacher Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the frame of an international collaboration three competence based modules of teacher training curricula were selected to be harmonized for using virtual learning environments: basic teaching skills, computer mediated skills, and European collaboration. This paper gives an overall picture of VLE usage in Hungary framing the overview of our project results in question. Analyses of tutors' experiences gained throughout

A. Toth; P. Pentelenyi; P. Toth

2006-01-01

280

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for anxiety and depression in adults with mild intellectual disabilities (ID): a pilot randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Several studies have showed that people with intellectual disabilities (ID) have suitable skills to undergo cognitive behavioural\\u000a therapy (CBT). Case studies have reported successful use of cognitive behavioural therapy techniques (with adaptations) in\\u000a people with ID. Modified cognitive behavioural therapy may be a feasible and effective approach for the treatment of depression,\\u000a anxiety, and other mood disorders in ID. To

Angela Hassiotis; Marc Serfaty; Kiran Azam; Andre Strydom; Sue Martin; Charles Parkes; Robert Blizard; Michael King

2011-01-01

281

Internet-Based CBT for Depression with and without Telephone Tracking in a National Helpline: Randomised Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundTelephone helplines are frequently and repeatedly used by individuals with chronic mental health problems and web interventions may be an effective tool for reducing depression in this population.AimTo evaluate the effectiveness of a 6 week, web-based cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) intervention with and without proactive weekly telephone tracking in the reduction of depression in callers to a helpline service.Method155 callers

Louise Farrer; Helen Christensen; Kathleen M. Griffiths; Andrew Mackinnon

2011-01-01

282

Improvement in measures of psychological distress amongst amphetamine misusers treated with brief cognitive–behavioural therapy (CBT)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This trial of cognitive–behavioural therapy (CBT) based amphetamine abstinence program (n=507) focused on refusal self-efficacy, improved coping, improved problem solving and planning for relapse prevention. Measures included the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS), the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) and Amphetamine Refusal Self-Efficacy. Psychiatric case identification (caseness) across the four GHQ-28 sub-scales was compared with Australian normative data. Almost 90% were

G. F. X. Feeney; J. P. Connor; R. Mc D. Young; J. Tucker; A. McPherson

2006-01-01

283

Use of skills learned in CBT for fear of flying: managing flying anxiety after September 11th.  

PubMed

Although there is evidence that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in the treatment for fear of flying (FOF), there are no studies that specifically examine which skills taught in treatment are being used by clients after treatment is completed. This study examines whether participants report using skills taught in treatment for FOF after treatment is completed and whether the reported use of these skills is associated with reduced flying anxiety in the face of fear-relevant event, the September 11th terrorist attacks, and over the long-term. One hundred fifteen participants were randomly assigned to and completed eight sessions of individual CBT treatment for FOF. Fifty-five participants were reassessed in June 2002, an average of 2.3 years after treatment. Surveys were also collected from 33 individuals who did not receive treatment for FOF. Results indicated that treatment completers were more likely to report using skills taught in treatment than individuals who had not received treatment. In addition, self-reported use of skills among previously treated individuals was associated with lower levels of flying anxiety. These findings suggest that use of skills taught in CBT treatment is associated with reduced flying anxiety in the face of a fear-relevant event and over the long term. PMID:17391911

Kim, Simon; Palin, Frances; Anderson, Page; Edwards, Shannan; Lindner, Gretchen; Rothbaum, Barbara Olisov

2008-01-01

284

Mindfulness training improves attentional task performance in incarcerated youth: a group randomized controlled intervention trial  

PubMed Central

We investigated the impact of cognitive behavioral therapy and mindfulness training (CBT/MT) on attentional task performance in incarcerated adolescents. Attention is a cognitive system necessary for managing cognitive demands and regulating emotions. Yet persistent and intensive demands, such as those experienced during high-stress intervals like incarceration and the events leading to incarceration, may deplete attention resulting in cognitive failures, emotional disturbances, and impulsive behavior. We hypothesized that CBT/MT may mitigate these deleterious effects of high stress and protect against degradation in attention over the high-stress interval of incarceration. Using a quasi-experimental, group randomized controlled trial design, we randomly assigned dormitories of incarcerated youth, ages 16–18, to a CBT/MT intervention (youth n = 147) or an active control intervention (youth n = 117). Both arms received approximately 750 min of intervention in a small-group setting over a 3–5 week period. Youth in the CBT/MT arm also logged the amount of out-of-session time spent practicing MT exercises. The Attention Network Test was used to index attentional task performance at baseline and 4 months post-baseline. Overall, task performance degraded over time in all participants. The magnitude of performance degradation was significantly less in the CBT/MT vs. control arm. Further, within the CBT/MT arm, performance degraded over time in those with no outside-of-class practice time, but remained stable over time in those who practiced mindfulness exercises outside of the session meetings. Thus, these findings suggest that sufficient CBT/MT practice may protect against functional attentional impairments associated with high-stress intervals. PMID:24265621

Leonard, Noelle R.; Jha, Amishi P.; Casarjian, Bethany; Goolsarran, Merissa; Garcia, Cristina; Cleland, Charles M.; Gwadz, Marya V.; Massey, Zohar

2013-01-01

285

Mindfulness training improves attentional task performance in incarcerated youth: a group randomized controlled intervention trial.  

PubMed

We investigated the impact of cognitive behavioral therapy and mindfulness training (CBT/MT) on attentional task performance in incarcerated adolescents. Attention is a cognitive system necessary for managing cognitive demands and regulating emotions. Yet persistent and intensive demands, such as those experienced during high-stress intervals like incarceration and the events leading to incarceration, may deplete attention resulting in cognitive failures, emotional disturbances, and impulsive behavior. We hypothesized that CBT/MT may mitigate these deleterious effects of high stress and protect against degradation in attention over the high-stress interval of incarceration. Using a quasi-experimental, group randomized controlled trial design, we randomly assigned dormitories of incarcerated youth, ages 16-18, to a CBT/MT intervention (youth n = 147) or an active control intervention (youth n = 117). Both arms received approximately 750 min of intervention in a small-group setting over a 3-5 week period. Youth in the CBT/MT arm also logged the amount of out-of-session time spent practicing MT exercises. The Attention Network Test was used to index attentional task performance at baseline and 4 months post-baseline. Overall, task performance degraded over time in all participants. The magnitude of performance degradation was significantly less in the CBT/MT vs. control arm. Further, within the CBT/MT arm, performance degraded over time in those with no outside-of-class practice time, but remained stable over time in those who practiced mindfulness exercises outside of the session meetings. Thus, these findings suggest that sufficient CBT/MT practice may protect against functional attentional impairments associated with high-stress intervals. PMID:24265621

Leonard, Noelle R; Jha, Amishi P; Casarjian, Bethany; Goolsarran, Merissa; Garcia, Cristina; Cleland, Charles M; Gwadz, Marya V; Massey, Zohar

2013-01-01

286

Social disinterest attitudes and group cognitive-behavioral social skills training for functional disability in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

The majority of clinical trials of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for schizophrenia have used individual therapy to target positive symptoms. Promising results have been found, however, for group CBT interventions and other treatment targets like psychosocial functioning. CBT for functioning in schizophrenia is based on a cognitive model of functional outcome in schizophrenia that incorporates dysfunctional attitudes (eg, social disinterest, defeatist performance beliefs) as mediators between neurocognitive impairment and functional outcome. In this report, 18 clinical trials of CBT for schizophrenia that included measures of psychosocial functioning were reviewed, and two-thirds showed improvements in functioning in CBT. The cognitive model of functional outcome was also tested by examining the relationship between social disinterest attitudes and functional outcome in 79 people with schizophrenia randomized to either group cognitive-behavioral social skills training or a goal-focused supportive contact intervention. Consistent with the cognitive model, lower social disinterest attitudes at baseline and greater reduction in social disinterest during group therapy predicted better functional outcome at end of treatment for both groups. However, the groups did not differ significantly with regard to overall change in social disinterest attitudes during treatment, suggesting that nonspecific social interactions during group therapy can lead to changes in social disinterest, regardless of whether these attitudes are directly targeted by cognitive therapy interventions. PMID:19628761

Granholm, Eric; Ben-Zeev, Dror; Link, Peter C

2009-09-01

287

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Horticulture Using the V-TECS Catalogues. Final Report, Period Covered: September 17, 1979-June 30, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Illinois project developed competency-based curriculum guides for Gardening/Groundskeeping and Floriculture using the V-TECS (Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States) catalogues. The programs were designed to provide students at the senior high school and two-year college level with entry-level and higher job skills and to provide…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

288

Industrial Electronics and T.V./Computer Repair. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Fagg, Harold

289

Collaborate with the Community. Module CG A-3 of Category A--Guidance Program Planning. Competency-Based Career Guidance Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on community collaboration is intended to help guidance personnel in a variety of educational and agency settings increase their knowledge and skills in linking community-based comprehensive career guidance programs with education and employment initiatives to assist youth and adults. The module is one of a series of competency-based

Gold, Gerard G.

290

A Competency-Based Clinical Chemistry Course for the Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technician Graduate in a Medical Technology Baccalaureate Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a project that developed a competency-based clinical chemistry course for associate degree medical laboratory technicians (MLT) in a medical technology (MT) baccalaureate program. Content of the course was based upon competencies expected of medical technologists at career-entry as defined in the statements adopted in 1976 by the…

Buccelli, Pamela

291

Fiberglass Technician Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Fiberglass Technician. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for fiberglass technician is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English…

Shin, Masako T.

292

A Cost Analysis of a State-Level, Multi-Option Procedure for the Acquisition of Competency-Based Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist the Division of Vocational Education (DVE) of the Florida State Department of Education, the author conducted a cost analysis of state-level models for acquiring competency-based instructional materials in vocational education. Two DVE-developed models of materials acquisition were examined: a centralized, single-option model in which…

Massey, Romeo M.

293

An Analysis of Secondary Teacher Attitudes towards Competency Based Education: Vocational Instructors versus Non-Vocational Instructors. Societal Factors Affecting Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation was conducted to determine whether or not a difference in attitude towards competency-based education exists between vocational instructors and non-vocational instructors. The investigation was conducted by distributing a 15-statement survey to the 140 faculty members at Coconut Creek High School, Coconut Creek, Florida.…

MacFarland, Thomas W.

294

A Field Guide to Competency-Based Adult Education, or How Do You Know Its a CBAE? (With Apologies to Roger Tory Peterson).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two definitions most often used by adult educators to describe competency-based adult education (CBAE) are one posited by Spady (1977) and another formulated by state adult basic education directors. The first, a "prescriptive-consensual" definition, describes conditions of a phenomenon (CBAE) and relies on the experience of acknowledged experts,…

Nickse, Ruth S.

295

Development of Competency-Based Vocational Agricultural Instructional Materials for Handicapped Students Enrolled in Regular Agriculture Programs Other Than Horticulture. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report includes a description of a project to develop and field-test competency-based instructional materials for handicapped students enrolled in regular vocational agriculture programs; a list of project advisory personnel; the clusters of skills identified as appropriate for handicapped students enrolled in courses in dairy production,…

Baggett, Connie D.; And Others

296

Project VOICE (Vocational Occupations for Industrial Communications English): A Competency Based Education Curriculum for the Limited English Proficient in Building Maintenance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for vocational educators of short-term or long-term programs, this manual presents a complete competency-based curriculum in building maintenance for the advanced limited English proficient student. Following instructions on use of the manual and recommended references, a student tracking system and record sheet are provided, which list…

Chaloupka, Diana; Papierniak, Kathleen, Ed.

297

Competency Based Teacher Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Teacher Competency Scale" of 12 items was devised to identify skills considered requisite for effective teaching. The test instrument, though still deemed well designed, is seen to frighten rather than assure and restrict rather than motivate. Therefore, solutions for these affective problems are being sought. (CM)

Resnick, Norman H.; Reinert, Henry R.

1973-01-01

298

A Training Intervention for Supervisors to Support a Work-Life Policy Implementation  

PubMed Central

Background Effective policy implementation is essential for a healthy workplace. The Ryan-Kossek 2008 model for work-life policy adoption suggests that supervisors as gatekeepers between employer and employee need to know how to support and communicate benefit regulations. This article describes a workplace intervention on a national employee benefit, Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), and evaluates the effectiveness of the intervention on supervisor knowledge, awareness, and experience with FMLA. Methods The intervention consisted of computer-based training (CBT) and a survey measuring awareness and experience with FMLA. The training was administered to 793 county government supervisors in the state of Oregon, USA. Results More than 35% of supervisors reported no previous training on FMLA and the training pre-test revealed a lack of knowledge regarding benefit coverage and employer responsibilities. The CBT achieved: (1) a significant learning effect and large effect size of d = 2.0, (2) a positive reaction to the training and its design, and (3) evidence of increased knowledge and awareness regarding FMLA. Conclusion CBT is an effective strategy to increase supervisors' knowledge and awareness to support policy implementation. The lack of supervisor training and knowledge of an important but complex employee benefit exposes a serious impediment to effective policy implementation and may lead to negative outcomes for the organization and the employee, supporting the Ryan-Kossek model. The results further demonstrate that long-time employees need supplementary training on complex workplace policies such as FMLA. PMID:24106648

Laharnar, Naima; Glass, Nancy; Perrin, Nancy; Hanson, Ginger; Kent Anger, W.

2013-01-01

299

Manual de Adiestramiento sobre Terapia de Rehidratacion Oral y Control de las Enfermedades Diarreicas (Oral Rehydration Therapy and the Control of Diarrheal Diseases). Training for Development. Peace Corps Information Collection & Exchange Training Manual No. T-53.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Spanish-language manual was developed to train Peace Corps volunteers and other community health workers in Spanish-speaking countries in oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and the control of diarrheal diseases. Using a competency-based format, the manual contains three training modules (organized in seven sessions) that focus on interrelated…

Clark, Mari; And Others

300

Competence-based Management Development in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: A Multi-Stakeholder Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey data from 551 small businesses and interviews with 12 small businesses, 6 Training and Enterprise Councils, and 29 management training providers in Britain showed that provision of management National Vocational Qualifications to small businesses is too resource intensive, time consuming, and possibly inappropriate. Benefits accrue…

Loan-Clarke, John; Boocock, Grahame; Smith, Alison; Whittaker, John

2000-01-01

301

Guide to Competency-Based Education for Business and Office Occupations. A Catalog of Bookkeeping/Accounting, Clerical/Secretarial, and Data Processing Skills Which Your Students Need to Get a Job and to Keep It.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was developed to help administrators develop a competency-based postsecondary curriculum to prepare students for employment in business and office occupations. The content is in five sections. The first one introduces the concepts and techniques of competency-based education and includes some sample forms, such as student…

New Mexico State Dept. of Education; Santa Fe. Div. of Vocational Education.

302

Controlled Comparison of Family Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Psychoeducation/Relaxation Training for Child Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the efficacy of exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) plus a structured family intervention (FCBT) versus psychoeducation plus relaxation training (PRT) for reducing symptom severity, functional impairment, and family accommodation in youths with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Method: A total of 71…

Piacentini, John; Bergman, R. Lindsey; Chang, Susanna; Langley, Audra; Peris, Tara; Wood, Jeffrey J.; McCracken, James

2011-01-01

303

Training and Dissemination of Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Depression in Adults: A Preliminary Examination of Therapist Competence and Client Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: In this study, the authors examined the feasibility and effectiveness of training community therapists to deliver cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for depression. Method: Participants were therapists (n = 12) and clients (n = 116; mean age = 41 years, 63% women) presenting for treatment of depression at a not-for-profit and designated…

Simons, Anne D.; Padesky, Christine A.; Montemarano, Jeremy; Lewis, Cara C.; Murakami, Jessica; Lamb, Kristen; DeVinney, Sharon; Reid, Mark; Smith, David A.; Beck, Aaron T.

2010-01-01

304

The Effects of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Delivered by Students in a Psychologist Training Program: An Effectiveness Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively little is known about the efficacy of clinically inexperienced student therapists carrying out cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) under supervision during a professional, psychologist training program. The current study evaluated this by collecting pre- and post-treatment data on 591 consecutive patients receiving treatment at the…

Ost, Lars-Goran; Karlstedt, Anna; Widen, Sara

2012-01-01

305

Sleep and Predicted Cognitive Performance of New Cadets during Cadet Basic Training at the United States Military Academy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The amount of sleep being received per day among New Cadets at West Point during Cadet Basic Training (CBT) was investigated. Sleep was measured using actigraphy on a stratified sample of 80 New Cadets. The results indicated that New Cadets slept an avera...

D. B. Miller

2005-01-01

306

Does Maintenance CBT Contribute to Long-Term Treatment Response of Panic Disorder With or Without Agoraphobia? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the possibility that maintenance cognitive behavior therapy (M–CBT) may improve the likelihood of sustained improvement and reduced relapse in a multi-site randomized controlled clinical trial of patients who met criteria for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Method Participants were all patients (N = 379) who first began an open trial of acute-phase CBT. Patients completing and responding to acute-phase treatment were randomized to receive either nine monthly sessions of M-CBT (n = 79) or assessment only (n = 78) and were then followed for an additional 12 months without treatment. Results M–CBT produced significantly lower relapse rates (5.2%) and reduced work and social impairment compared to the assessment only condition (18.4%) at a 21-month follow-up (MFU). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models showed that residual symptoms of agoraphobia at the end of acute-phase treatment were independently predictive of time to relapse during 21-MFU (HR = 1.15, p < .01). Conclusions M–CBT aimed at reinforcing acute treatment gains to prevent relapse and offset disorder recurrence may improve long-term outcome in PD/A. PMID:23127290

White, Kamila S.; Payne, Laura A.; Gorman, Jack M.; Shear, M. Katherine; Woods, Scott W.; Saksa, John R.; Barlow, David H.

2012-01-01

307

Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy training using brief e-mail sessions in the workplace: a controlled clinical trial.  

PubMed

In the present study, we conducted a clinical controlled trial to evaluate the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) training in improving depression and self-esteem in workers. A total of 261 workers were assigned to either an intervention group (n=137) or a waiting-list group (n=124). The intervention group was offered participation in a group session with CBT specialists and three e-mail sessions with occupational health care staff. Between-group differences in the change in Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and Self-Esteem Scale from baseline to three months after the end of training were assessed by analysis of covariance. All subjects in the intervention group completed the group session and 114 (83%) completed the three e-mail sessions. CES-D score decreased by 2.21 points in the intervention group but increased by 0.12 points in the control group, a significant difference of -2.33 points (95% confidence interval: -3.89 to-0.77; p<0.001). The between-group difference in change of self-esteem scores was not significant. Results of the present study suggest that CBT training cooperatively provided by CBT specialists and occupational health care staff using brief e-mail is effective in improving feelings of depression in workers. PMID:20720342

Kojima, Reiko; Fujisawa, Daisuke; Tajima, Miyuki; Shibaoka, Michi; Kakinuma, Mitsuru; Shima, Satoru; Tanaka, Katsutoshi; Ono, Yutaka

2010-01-01

308

Altering the Athletic Training Curriculum: A Unique Perspective on Learning over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The cohort athletic training curriculum features a competency-based approach that allows the student to matriculate through the program in a systematic fashion. This method is desired as it allows for efficient delivery and mastery of the educational content and associated clinical skills. The result may be an inflexible curriculum that…

Potteiger, Kelly; Brown, Christopher David; Kahanov, Leamor

2012-01-01

309

Developing a Comprehensive and Articulated Nuclear Training Curriculum--The Westinghouse Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After conducting a comprehensive evaluation of its curriculum, staff at the Westinghouse Nuclear Training Center in Zion, Illinois, undertook a research and development project aimed at upgrading the center's curriculum to the competency-based format. Included among the main activities of the curriculum development process were the following:…

Widen, William C.

310

Settling In. A Competency-Based Curriculum for U.S. Cultural Orientation. A Teacher's Handbook 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is intended to assist teachers involved in helping Southeast Asian refugees with little or no formal education to gain an understanding of U.S. culture. The guide is divided into the following four parts: an introduction describing the refugee training program that led to the development of the handbook, seven units of core…

Shapiro, Toni, Comp.; Ligon, Fred, Ed.

311

A software model for simulation in computer-based training  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores the requirements for Simulation-Based Training (SBT) and describes the Los Alamos model for an SBT authoring system. Although the use of simulation as an instructional strategy provides realistic training opportunities at high cognitive levels (e.g., evaluation, synthesis, analysis), it is at the expense of complexity beyond the capabilities of available authoring systems to create. Cognitive Systems Engineering (CSE) at Los Alamos is exploring a middle ground between conventional CBT and complex simulations. The CSE model proposes the separation of simulation and courseware as the key to successful SBT development. 1 ref., 2 figs.

Spangenberg, L.M.; Nonno, L.M.; De Vries, J.A. II

1988-01-01

312

Using Fidelity Assessments to Train Frontline Clinicians in the Delivery of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for PTSD in Persons with Serious Mental Illness  

PubMed Central

Objective Despite the growth in empirically supported interventions for the treatment of serious mental illness, these evidence-based practices are often not available to clients seeking services. One barrier to dissemination has been the difficulty of training frontline clinicians. This study was conducted to evaluate whether frontline clinicians could be trained to implement an empirically supported cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) program for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in persons with serious mental illness by providing them with session-by-session feedback on practice cases using a standardized fidelity measure. Method Twenty-five clinicians at five agency sites were trained in the CBT for PTSD program and delivered it to 35 practice cases over a 6-month period. Weekly feedback based on recorded sessions was provided to clinicians using the fidelity scale, with a criterion of competence established to designate “certification” in the program. PTSD and depression symptoms were monitored over the course of treatment for the practice cases. Results Two clinicians dropped out, and of the 23 clinicians, 21 (91%) achieved certification in the CBT program with their first case, and the remaining two (9%) achieved it with their second case. PTSD and depressive symptoms in clients decreased significantly during treatment, suggesting clinical benefits of the program. Conclusions The results support the feasibility of training frontline clinicians in the CBT for PTSD program using regular feedback based on the fidelity measure, and indicate that most clinicians can achieve competence in the model with a single practice case. PMID:22854726

Lu, Weili; Yanos, Philip T.; Gottlieb, Jennifer D.; Duva, Stephanie Marcello; Silverstein, Steven M.; Xie, Haiyi; Rosenberg, Stanley D.; Mueser, Kim T.

2013-01-01

313

To Automate Or Not To Automate, That Is the Question: A Research Framework for the Integration of Computer-Based Training in IS Curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to highly publicized school rankings, an increased number of corporate universities, and the proliferation of distance learning options, IS educators are under considerate pressure to improve their levels of efficiency. Automated learning systems such as Computer-Based Training (CBT) could significantly enhance the efficiency of IS education. However, many researchers and educators are skeptical of the pedagogical effectiveness of automated

WooYoung Chung

314

A Randomized, Controlled Trial of the Efficacy of an Interoceptive Exposure-Based CBT for Treatment-Refractory Outpatients with Opioid Dependence.  

PubMed

Abstract Many patients diagnosed with opioid dependence do not adequately respond to pharmacologic, psychosocial, or combination treatment, highlighting the importance of novel treatment strategies for this population. The current study examined the efficacy of a novel behavioral treatment focusing on internal cues for drug use (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Interoceptive Cues; CBT-IC) relative to an active comparison condition, Individual Drug Counseling (IDC), when added to methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) among those who had not responded to MMT. Participants (N=78) were randomly assigned to receive 15 sessions of CBT-IC or IDC as an adjunct to ongoing MMT and counseling. Oral toxicology screens were the primary outcome. Results indicated no treatment differences between CBT-IC and IDC and a small, significant reduction of self-reported drug use, but no change on toxicology screens. Tests of potential moderators, including sex, anxiety sensitivity, and coping motives for drug use, did not yield significant interactions. Among opioid-dependent outpatients who have not responded to MMT and counseling, the addition of IDC or CBT-IC did not result in additive outcome benefits. These results highlight the need for more potent treatment strategies for opioid dependence, particularly among those who do not fully respond to frontline treatment. PMID:25364993

Otto, Michael W; Hearon, Bridget A; McHugh, R Kathryn; Calkins, Amanda W; Pratt, Elizabeth; Murray, Heather W; Safren, Steven A; Pollack, Mark H

2014-01-01

315

Does Maintenance CBT Contribute to Long-Term Treatment Response of Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: We examined the possibility that maintenance cognitive behavior therapy (M-CBT) may improve the likelihood of sustained improvement and reduced relapse in a multi-site randomized controlled clinical trial of patients who met criteria for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Method: Participants were all patients (N = 379) who…

White, Kamila S.; Payne, Laura A.; Gorman, Jack M.; Shear, M. Katherine; Woods, Scott W.; Saksa, John R.; Barlow, David H.

2013-01-01

316

Psychological Treatment for Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia: A Randomized Controlled Trial to Examine the Role of Therapist-Guided Exposure in situ in CBT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a first-line treatment for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PD/AG). Nevertheless, an understanding of its mechanisms and particularly the role of therapist-guided exposure is lacking. This study was aimed to evaluate whether therapist-guided exposure in situ is associated with more pervasive and…

Gloster, Andrew T.; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Einsle, Franziska; Lang, Thomas; Helbig-Lang, Sylvia; Fydrich, Thomas; Fehm, Lydia; Hamm, Alfons O.; Richter, Jan; Alpers, George W.; Gerlach, Alexander L.; Strohle, Andreas; Kircher, Tilo; Deckert, Jurgen; Zwanzger, Peter; Hofler, Michael; Arolt, Volker

2011-01-01

317

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adherence and Depression (CBT-AD) in HIV-Infected Injection Drug Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Depression and substance use, the most common comorbidities with HIV, are both associated with poor treatment adherence. Injection drug users comprise a substantial portion of individuals with HIV in the United States and globally. The present study tested cognitive behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) in patients with HIV and depression in active substance abuse treatment for injection

Steven A. Safren; Conall M. OCleirigh; Jacqueline R. Bullis; Michael W. Otto; Michael D. Stein; Mark H. Pollack

2012-01-01

318

Applying mastery learning in a clinical skills training program for primary care nurses.  

PubMed

This article describes the application of mastery learning in the development and implementation of a clinical skills training program for primary care nurses. The objective of the training program was to equip primary care nurses with the clinical skills to triage and administer bronchodilator therapy to patients presenting to the primary care clinic with acute exacerbations of asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The positive outcomes of this program support the idea that mastery learning is an effective competency-based training method for clinical skills acquisition. However, variations in training duration and dropout rates should be taken into consideration when planning mastery learning-based training programs. PMID:24143886

Tang, Wern Ee; Dong, Lijuan

2013-12-01

319

Who Benefits From CBT for Insomnia in Primary Care? Important Patient Selection and Trial Design Lessons from Longitudinal Results of the Lifestyles Trial  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: Evaluate long-term effects of group interventions on sleep and pain outcomes in a primary care population of older adults with osteoarthritis pain and sleep disturbance. Design: Double-blind, cluster-randomized controlled trial with 18-mo follow-up. Setting: Group Health and University of Washington, Seattle, WA, from 2009 to 2011. Participants: Three hundred sixty-seven adults age 60 y and older, with osteoarthritis pain and insomnia symptoms. Interventions: Six weekly sessions of group cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia and pain (CBT-PI), pain alone (CBT-P), and education-only control (EOC) delivered in patients' primary care clinics. Measurements and Results: There were no significant differences between treatment groups in sleep outcomes at 18 mo. This is a change from published significant 9-mo follow-up results for insomnia severity (Insomnia Severity Index) and sleep efficiency. There were no significant treatment differences in pain at either follow-up. Post hoc analyses of participants with greater insomnia and pain severity at baseline (n = 98) showed significant (P = 0.01) 18-mo reductions in pain comparing CBT-PI versus CBT-P (adjusted mean difference [AMD] = -1.29 [95% confidence interval (CI): -2.24,-0.33]). Moderate, albeit nonsignificant, CBT-PI versus EOC treatment effects for insomnia severity (AMD = -1.43 [95% CI: -4.71, 1.86]) and sleep efficiency (AMD = 2.50 [95% CI: -5.04, 10.05]) were also observed. Possible trial design and methodological considerations that may have affected results are discussed. Conclusions: Results suggest patients with higher levels of comorbid pain and insomnia may be most likely to experience sustained benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy interventions over time, and inclusion of insomnia treatment may yield more clinically meaningful improvements than cognitive behavioral therapy for pain alone. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01142349. Citation: McCurry SM; Shortreed SM; Von Korff M; Balderson BH; Baker LD; Rybarczyk BD; Vitiello MV. Who benefits from CBT for insomnia in primary care? Important patient selection and trial design lessons from longitudinal results of the Lifestyles trial. SLEEP 2014;37(2):299-308. PMID:24497658

McCurry, Susan M.; Shortreed, Susan M.; Von Korff, Michael; Balderson, Benjamin H.; Baker, Laura D.; Rybarczyk, Bruce D.; Vitiello, Michael V.

2014-01-01

320

Using competence-based and project-related approaches to support students individually - An engineering science experience report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent education of engineers, using the example of satellite geodesy at the Geodetic Institute of the University Karlsruhe (Germany), is still suffering from time pressure as well as from heavy curriculum content loading. Within this education field, where the academic teachers have to fulfill high requests from the new generation of students as well as from industry and from research institutions respectively, advanced satellite geodetic knowledge has to be transferred effectively and sustainably. In order to enable the students to train newest aspects related to satellite geodesy as well as important key competences, e.g. capacity for independent and academic work, reflection and evaluation skills, presentation skills, an innovative teaching concept was developed, tested, and evaluated. This teaching concept makes use of very different teaching techniques like portfolio assignment, project work, input from experts, jig saw, advance and post organizer. The concept will be presented and discussed in detail.

Mayer, M.

2009-04-01

321

25th RCOphth Congress, President's Session paper: 25 years of progress in surgical training.  

PubMed

Surgical training in ophthalmology has altered significantly over the last 25 years as a result of changes in technology, teaching methodology, and the recognition of the need for better structure and supervision. Along with this have evolved changes in curriculae and also in service delivery of our rapidly advancing specialty. Initial abandonment of time-based training has now reached the point of a slightly uneasy combination of a time- and competency-based structure, which will find firmer foundations in the near future. Simulation training and recognition of time spent in practising surgical skills will be important issues for future training programmes. PMID:24993323

Benjamin, L

2014-09-01

322

Sleep Disturbances in Individuals with Alcohol-Related Disorders: A Review of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) and Associated Non-Pharmacological Therapies  

PubMed Central

Sleep disturbances are common among alcohol-dependent individuals and are often associated with relapse. The utility of behavioral therapies for sleep disturbances, including cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), among those with alcohol-related disorders is not well understood. This review systematically evaluates the evidence of CBT-I and related behavioral therapies applied to those with alcohol-related disorders and accompanying sleep disturbances. A search of four research databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and CINAHL Plus) yielded six studies that met selection criteria. Articles were reviewed using Cochrane’s Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) scoring system. A majority of the studies demonstrated significant improvements in sleep efficiency among behavioral therapy treatment group(s), including but not limited to CBT-I. While behavioral sleep interventions have been successful in varied populations, they may not be utilized to their full potential among those with alcohol-related disorders as evidenced by the low number of studies found. These findings suggest a need for mixed-methods research on individuals’ sleep experience to inform interventions that are acceptable to the target population. PMID:25288884

Brooks, Alyssa T; Wallen, Gwenyth R

2014-01-01

323

A review on cognitive behavorial therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET) in myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) / chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): CBT/GET is not only ineffective and not evidence-based, but also potentially harmful for many patients with ME/CFS.  

PubMed

Benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) / Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating disease which, despite numerous biological abnormalities has remained highly controversial. Notwithstanding the medical pathogenesis of ME/CFS, the (bio)psychosocial model is adopted by many governmental organizations and medical profes-sio-nals to legitimize the combination of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Graded Exercise Therapy (GET) for ME/CFS. Justified by this model CBT and GET aim at eliminating presumed psychogenic and socially induced maintaining factors and reversing deconditioning, respectively. In this review we invalidate the (bio)psychosocial model for ME/CFS and demonstrate that the success claim for CBT/GET to treat ME/CFS is unjust. CBT/GET is not only hardly more effective than non-interventions or standard medical care, but many patients report that the therapy had affected them adversely, the majority of them even reporting substantial deterioration. Moreover, this review shows that exertion and thus GET most likely have a negative impact on many ME/CFS patients. Exertion induces post-exertional malaise with a decreased physical performan-ce/aerobic capacity, increased muscoskeletal pain, neurocognitive impairment, "fatigue", and weakness, and a long lasting "recovery" time. This can be explained by findings that exertion may amplify pre-existing pa-thophysiological abnormalities underpinning ME/CFS, such as inflammation, immune dysfunction, oxidative and nitrosative stress, channelopathy, defec-tive stress response mechanisms and a hypoactive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. We conclude that it is unethical to treat patients with ME/CFS with ineffective, non-evidence-based and potentially harmful "rehabilitation therapies", such as CBT/GET. PMID:19855350

Twisk, Frank N M; Maes, Michael

2009-01-01

324

Training and Consultation to Promote Implementation of an Empirically Supported Treatment: A Randomized Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective The study evaluated the efficacy of three training modalities and the impact of ongoing consultation after training. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety among youths, an empirically supported treatment, was used as the exemplar. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three one-day workshops to examine the efficacy of training modality: routine training (training as usual), computer training (computerized version of training as usual), and augmented training (training that emphasized active learning). After training, all participants received three months of ongoing consultation that included case consultation, didactics, and problem solving. Methods Participants were 115 community therapists (mean age of 35.9 years; 90% were women). Outcome measures included the Adherence and Skill Checklist, used to rate a performance-based role-play; a knowledge test; and the Training Satisfaction Rating Scale. Results All three training modalities resulted in limited gains in therapist adherence, skill, and knowledge. There was no significant effect of modality on adherence, skill, or knowledge from pretraining to posttraining. Participants were more satisfied with augmented and routine training than with computer training. Most important, number of consultation hours after training significantly predicted higher therapist adherence and skill at the three-month follow-up. Conclusions The findings suggest that training alone did not result in therapist behavior change. The inclusion of ongoing consultation was critical to influencing therapist adherence and skill. Implications for implementation science and mental health services research are discussed. PMID:22549401

Beidas, Rinad S.; Edmunds, Julie M.; Marcus, Steven C.; Kendall, Philip C.

2012-01-01

325

A Computer-based Training Intervention for Work Supervisors to Respond to Intimate Partner Violence  

PubMed Central

Objectives Intimate partner violence (IPV), commonly known as domestic violence is a problem throughout the world. An estimated 36% to 75% of employed abused woman are monitored, harassed and physically assaulted by their partners or ex-partners while trying to get to work and while at work. The objective of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of interactive training to increase knowledge, change perceptions and develop an intention to address domestic violence that spills over into the workplace. Methods Community-based participatory research approaches were employed to develop and evaluate an interactive computer-based training (CBT) intervention, aimed to teach supervisors how to create supportive and safe workplaces for victims of IPV. Results The CBT intervention was administered to 53 supervisors. All participants reacted positively to the training, and there was a significant improvement in knowledge between pre- and post-training test performance (72% versus 96% correct), effect size (d) = 3.56. Feedback from focus groups was more productive than written feedback solicited from the same participants at the end of the training. Conclusion Effective training on the impacts of IPV can improve knowledge, achieving a large effect size, and produce changes in perspective about domestic violence and motivation to address domestic violence in the workplace, based on questionnaire responses. PMID:22953177

Glass, Nancy; Bloom, Tina; Perrin, Nancy

2010-01-01

326

Core Based Trees (CBT)  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the central problems in one-to-many wide-area communications is forming the delivery tree - the collection of nodes and links that a multicast packet traverses. Significant problems remain to be solved in the area of multicast tree formation, the problem of scaling being paramount among these.In this paper we show how the current IP multicast architecture scales poorly (by

Tony Ballardie; Paul Francis; Jon Crowcroft

1993-01-01

327

Models for intensive care training. A European perspective.  

PubMed

The diversity of European culture is reflected in its healthcare training programs. In intensive care medicine (ICM), the differences in national training programs were so marked that it was unlikely that they could produce specialists of equivalent skills. The Competency-Based Training in Intensive Care Medicine in Europe (CoBaTrICE) program was established in 2003 as a Europe-based worldwide collaboration of national training organizations to create core competencies for ICM using consensus methodologies to establish common ground. The group's professional and research ethos created a social identity that facilitated change. The program was easily adaptable to different training structures and incorporated the voice of patients and relatives. The CoBaTrICE program has now been adopted by 15 European countries, with another 12 countries planning to adopt the training program, and is currently available in nine languages, including English. ICM is now recognized as a primary specialty in Spain, Switzerland, and the UK. There are still wide variations in structures and processes of training in ICM across Europe, although there has been agreement on a set of common program standards. The combination of a common "product specification" for an intensivist, combined with persisting variation in the educational context in which competencies are delivered, provides a rich source of research inquiry. Pedagogic research in ICM could usefully focus on the interplay between educational interventions, healthcare systems and delivery, and patient outcomes, such as including whether competency-based program are associated with lower error rates, whether communication skills training is associated with greater patient and family satisfaction, how multisource feedback might best be used to improve reflective learning and teamworking, or whether increasing the proportion of specialists trained in acute care in the hospital at weekends results in better patient outcomes. PMID:24351076

Bion, Julian; Rothen, Hans U

2014-02-01

328

Adult Competency Education Kit. Basic Skills in Speaking, Math, and Reading for Employment. Part H. ACE Competency Based Job Descriptions: #25--Household Appliance Mechanic; #26--Lineworker; #27--Painter Helper, Spray; #28--Painter, Brush; #29--Carpenter Apprentice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fifth of fifteen sets of Adult Competency Education (ACE) Competency Based Job Descriptions in the ACE kit contains job descriptions for Household Appliance Mechanic; Lineworker; Painter Helper, Spray; Painter, Brush; and Carpenter Apprentice. Each begins with a fact sheet that includes this information: occupational title, D.O.T. code, ACE…

San Mateo County Office of Education, Redwood City, CA. Career Preparation Centers.

329

The evolution of pharmacy residency training programs and corresponding standards of accreditation.  

PubMed

Practice-based pharmacy training has a long history, particularly in institutional pharmacy practice. Formal pharmacy residency training programs and accreditation standards were first developed in the early 1960s. Practitioners now practice in a much different environment. Residency programs and accreditation standards have changed dramatically to meet the needs of practitioners, patients, and employers. The authors trace the evolution of programs from general internships through clinical practice and specialty residencies and fellowships and the development of standards and competency-based training. PMID:10143597

Letendre, D E; Brooks, P J; Degenhart, M L

1995-07-01

330

Exploratory nondestructive evaluation (NDE) research for advanced materials and processes: Volume 3 -- Interactive multimedia computer based training (IMCBT) for nondestructive evaluation/inspection (NDE/I) personnel. Final report, 1 July 1995--30 April 1998  

SciTech Connect

Interactive Multimedia Computer Based Training (IMCBT) for Nondestructive Inspection (NDE/I) Personnel: Computer Based Training (CBT) is a highly effective method for industrial training that has been growing in popularity. Text, graphics, sound, movies and animation enhance the learning activity. Interactive Multimedia CBT (IMCBT) allows students to learn in an environment where the training material is presented on a computer workstation and uses student interaction and feedback in the learning process. This technology has been used in the aerospace industry for aircraft maintenance and flight training and is growing in many operation training areas. The cost of development of IMCBT material is significantly more expensive than traditional training material, but an hour of IMCBT material can contain more information than an hour of traditional training material since information is transferred faster and with higher retention. Because IMCBT delivers training at lower cost, the overall benefit of IMCBT has been found to be in the range of 40% to 60% cost savings. The application of IMCBT for NDE/I training did show an overwhelmingly positive acceptance of the incorporation of IMCBT for NDE/I personnel within existing training structures. A CD-ROM package called INSPECT (Interactive Student Paced Eddy Current Training) has demonstrate various advanced aspects of potential IMCBT lessons. The INSPECT CD demonstration was reviewed by Air Force and industry professionals, as well as a group of high school students to gauge novice response. The prototype was found to be appealing and to have significant potential as a useful teaching tool. A large majority of the professional reviewers stated they would like to have complete CBT modules like INSPECT for some aspect of their NDE/I training.

Bossi; Knutson, B.; Nerenberg, R.; Deobald, L.; Nelson, J.

1998-07-01

331

Police Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third and fourth annual reports on law enforcement training in New Jersey ("Police Training: The Key to Professional Police Service," 1964-65 and 1965-66) review the powers, responsibilities, and duties of the Police Training Commission; law enforcement officers trained (including failures and total enrollments); hours of programed and other…

New Jersey State Dept. of Law and Public Safety, Trenton.

332

Authoring Tools for Simulation-Based CBT--an Interim Project Report. Occasional Paper InTER/13/89.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a project which aims to create an authoring environment for simulation-based training in order to illustrate features necessary for: (1) an environment which can be used by teachers/trainers with minimum technical skills; (2) rapid prototyping by all courseware producers; (3) and tools for model building. The paper begins with…

Lewis, R., Ed.; Mace, Terry, Ed.

333

Full scale computer simulators in anesthesia training and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  With the advent of competency-based curriculum, technology such as full scale computer simulators have acquired an increasingly\\u000a important role in anesthesia both in training and evaluation. This article reviews the current role of full scale computer\\u000a simulators in teaching and evaluation in anesthesia.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Source  This review draws from existing anesthesia and medical education literature in order to examine and assess the

Anne K. Wong

2004-01-01

334

Sociocultural Learning Theory in Practice: Implications for Athletic Training Educators  

PubMed Central

Objective: To discuss cognitive and sociocultural learning theory literature related to athletic training instructional and evaluation strategies while providing support for the application of these practices in the didactic and clinical components of athletic training education programs. Data Sources: We searched Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) and Education Abstracts from 1975–2001 using the key words social cognitive, sociocultural learning theory, constructivism, and athletic training education. Current literature in the fields of educational psychology and athletic training education provides the foundation for applying theory to practice with specific emphasis on the theoretic framework and application of sociocultural learning theory strategies in athletic training education. Data Synthesis: Athletic training educators must have a strong fundamental knowledge of learning theory and a commitment to incorporate theory into educational practice. We integrate literature from both fields to generate practical strategies for using sociocultural learning theory in athletic training education. Conclusions/Recommendations: Social cognitive and sociocultural learning theory advocates a constructive, self-regulated, and goal-oriented environment with the student at the center of the educational process. Although a shift exists in athletic training education toward more active instructional strategies with the implementation of competency-based education, many educational environments are still dominated by traditional didactic instructional methods promoting student passivity. As athletic training education programs strive to increase accountability, educators in the field must critically analyze teaching and evaluation methods and integrate new material to ensure that learning is maximized. PMID:12937534

Peer, Kimberly S.; McClendon, Ronald C.

2002-01-01

335

A Data Management System Integrating Web-based Training and Randomized Trials: Requirements, Experiences and Recommendations  

PubMed Central

This article describes a data management system (DMS) developed to support a large-scale randomized study of an innovative web-course that was designed to improve substance abuse counselors’ knowledge and skills in applying a substance abuse treatment method (i.e., cognitive behavioral therapy; CBT). The randomized trial compared the performance of web-course-trained participants (intervention group) and printed-manual-trained participants (comparison group) to determine the effectiveness of the web-course in teaching CBT skills. A single DMS was needed to support all aspects of the study: web-course delivery and management, as well as randomized trial management. The authors briefly reviewed several other systems that were described as built either to handle randomized trials or to deliver and evaluate web-based training. However it was clear that these systems fell short of meeting our needs for simultaneous, coordinated management of the web-course and the randomized trial. New England Research Institute’s (NERI) proprietary Advanced Data Entry and Protocol Tracking (ADEPT) system was coupled with the web-programmed course and customized for our purposes. This article highlights the requirements for a DMS that operates at the intersection of web-based course management systems and randomized clinical trial systems, and the extent to which the coupled, customized ADEPT satisfied those requirements. Recommendations are included for institutions and individuals considering conducting randomized trials and web-based training programs, and seeking a DMS that can meet similar requirements.

Muroff, Jordana; Amodeo, Maryann; Larson, Mary Jo; Carey, Margaret; Loftin, Ralph D.

2014-01-01

336

Transport of branched tetraether lipids from the Tagus River basin to the coastal ocean of the Portuguese margin: consequences for the interpretation of the MBT'/CBT paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs), which are thought to be transported from soil to marine sediment by rivers, have been used to reconstruct the mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and soil pH of the drainage basin using the methylation index of branched tetraethers (MBT, recently refined as MBT') and cyclization index of branched tetraethers (CBT) from coastal marine sediment records. In this study, we trace the brGDGTs from source to sink in the Tagus River basin, the longest river system on the Iberian Peninsula, by determining their concentration and distribution in soils, river suspended particulate matter (SPM), riverbank sediments, marine SPM, and marine surface sediments. The concentrations of brGDGTs in river SPM were substantially higher and their distributions were different compared to those of the drainage basin soils. This indicates that brGDGTs are mainly produced in the river itself. In the marine environment, the brGDGT concentrations rapidly decreased with increasing distance from the Tagus estuary. At the same time, the brGDGT distributions in marine sediments also changed, indicating that marine in situ production also takes place. These results show that there are various problems that complicate the use of the MBT'/CBT for paleoreconstructions using coastal marine sediments in the vicinity of a river. However, if the majority of brGDGTs are produced in the river, it might be possible to reconstruct the environmental (temperature and pH) conditions of the river water using appropriate aquatic calibrations, provided that marine core locations are chosen in such a way that the brGDGTs in their sediments are predominantly derived from riverine in situ production.

Zell, C.; Kim, J.-H.; Balsinha, M.; Dorhout, D.; Fernandes, C.; Baas, M.; Sinninghe Damsté, J. S.

2014-10-01

337

Transport of branched tetraether lipids from the Tagus River basin to the coastal ocean of the Portuguese margin: consequences for the interpretation of the MBT'/CBT paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs), which are transported from soil to marine sediment by rivers, have been used to reconstruct the mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and soil pH of the drainage basin using the methylation index of branched tetraethers (MBT, recently refined as MBT') and cyclization index of branched tetraethers (CBT) from coastal marine sediment records. In this study we are tracing the brGDGTs from source to sink in the Tagus River basin, the longest river system on the Iberian Peninsula, by determining their concentration and distribution in soils, river suspended particulate matter (SPM), riverbank sediments, marine SPM, and marine surface sediments. The concentrations of brGDGTs in river SPM were substantially higher and their distributions were different compared to those of the drainage basin soils. This indicates that brGDGTs are mainly produced in the river itself. In the marine environment, the brGDGT concentrations rapidly decreased with increasing distance from the Tagus estuary. At the same time, the brGDGT distributions in marine sediments also changed, indicating that marine in-situ production also takes place. These results show that there are various problems that complicate the use of the MBT'/CBT for paleoreconstructions using coastal marine sediments in the vicinity of a river. However, if the majority of brGDGTs are produced in the river, it might be possible to reconstruct the environmental (temperature and pH) conditions of the river water using appropriate aquatic calibrations, provided that marine core locations are chosen in such a way that the brGDGTs in their sediments are predominantly derived from riverine in-situ production.

Zell, C.; Kim, J.-H.; Balsinha, M.; Dorhout, D.; Fernandes, C.; Baas, M.; Sinninghe Damsté, J. S.

2014-03-01

338

Transport of branched tetraether lipids from the Tagus River basin to the coastal ocean of the Portuguese margin: Consequences for the interpretation of the MBT'/CBT paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs), which are transported from soil to marine sediment by rivers, have been used to reconstruct the mean annual air temperature(MAAT) and soil pH of the drainage basin using the methylation index of branched tetraethers(MBT, recently refined as MBT') and cyclization index of branched tetraethers (CBT) from coastal marine sediment records. In this study we are tracing the brGDGTs from source to sink in the Tagus River basin, the longest river system on the Iberian Peninsula, by determining their concentration and distribution in soils, river suspended particulate matter (SPM), riverbank sediments, marine SPM, and marine surface sediments. The concentrations of brGDGTs in river SPM were substantially higher and their distributions were different compared to those of the drainage basin soils. This indicates that brGDGTs are mainly produced in the river itself. In the marine environment, the brGDGT concentrations rapidly decreased with increasing distance from the Tagus estuary. At the same time, the brGDGT distributions in marine sediments also changed,indicating that marine in-situ production also takes place. These results show that there are various problems that complicate the use of the MBT'/CBT for paleoreconstructions using coastal marine sediments in the vicinity of a river. However, if the majority of brGDGTs are produced in the river, it might be possible to reconstruct the environmental (temperature and pH) conditions of the river water using appropriate aquatic calibrations, provided that marine core locations are chosen in such a way that the brGDGTs in their sediments are predominantly derived from riverine in-situ production.

Zell, Claudia; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Balinsha, Maria; Dorhout, Denise; Santos Fernandez, Cten; Baas, Marianne; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

2014-05-01

339

Increasing leadership capacity for HIV\\/AIDS programmes by strengthening public health epidemiology and management training in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Increased funding for global human immunodeficiency virus prevention and control in developing countries has created both a challenge and an opportunity for achieving long-term global health goals. This paper describes a programme in Zimbabwe aimed at responding more effectively to the HIV\\/AIDS epidemic by reinforcing a critical competence-based training institution and producing public health leaders. METHODS: The programme used

Donna S Jones; Mufuta Tshimanga; Godfrey Woelk; Peter Nsubuga; Nadine L Sunderland; Shannon L Hader; Michael E St Louis

2009-01-01

340

Training Visions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, "Training" asks the 2011 winners to give their predictions for what training--either in general or specifically at their companies--will look like in the next five to 10 years. Perhaps their "training visions" will spark some ideas in one's organization--or at least help prepare for what might be coming in the next decade or so.

Training, 2011

2011-01-01

341

Emotional and Social Mind Training: A Randomised Controlled Trial of a New Group-Based Treatment for Bulimia Nervosa  

PubMed Central

Objective There is a need to improve treatment for individuals with bulimic disorders. It was hypothesised that a focus in treatment on broader emotional and social/interpersonal issues underlying eating disorders would increase treatment efficacy. This study tested a novel treatment based on the above hypothesis, an Emotional and Social Mind Training Group (ESM), against a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Group (CBT) treatment. Method 74 participants were randomised to either ESM or CBT Group treatment programmes. All participants were offered 13 group and 4 individual sessions. The primary outcome measure was the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) Global score. Assessments were carried out at baseline, end of treatment (four months) and follow-up (six months). Results There were no differences in outcome between the two treatments. No moderators of treatment outcome were identified. Adherence rates were higher for participants in the ESM group. Discussion This suggests that ESM may be a viable alternative to CBT for some individuals. Further research will be required to identify and preferentially allocate suitable individuals accordingly. Trial Registration ISRCTN61115988 PMID:23118850

Lavender, Anna; Startup, Helen; Naumann, Ulrike; Samarawickrema, Nelum; DeJong, Hannah; Kenyon, Martha; van den Eynde, Frederique; Schmidt, Ulrike

2012-01-01

342

A systems approach to computer-based training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the hardware and software systems approach used in the Automated Recertification Training System (ARTS), a Phase 2 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) project for NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC). The goal of this project is to optimize recertification training of technicians who process the Space Shuttle before launch by providing computer-based training courseware. The objectives of ARTS are to implement more effective CBT applications identified through a need assessment process and to provide an ehanced courseware production system. The system's capabilities are demonstrated by using five different pilot applications to convert existing classroom courses into interactive courseware. When the system is fully implemented at NASA/KSC, trainee job performance will improve and the cost of courseware development will be lower. Commercialization of the technology developed as part of this SBIR project is planned for Phase 3. Anticipated spin-off products include custom courseware for technical skills training and courseware production software for use by corporate training organizations of aerospace and other industrial companies.

Drape, Gaylen W.

1994-01-01

343

Concurrent Training.  

E-print Network

??Das Kombinieren von Kraft- und Ausdauertraining bezeichnet man als concurrent Training. Die vorliegende Literaturanalyse beschäftigt sich mit den unterschiedlichen Studiendesigns und Studienergebnissen, die seit der… (more)

Bellante, Andreas

2014-01-01

344

Southern Ductile Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual contains the materials required to conduct the competency-based workplace literacy program that was developed to help employees at a foundry that has evolved from a small, family-owned business into a major foundry group with several automated production systems. The workplace literacy program consists of 24 lessons in…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

345

Training Opportunities  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI), a major research component of the National Institutes of Health and of the Department of Health and Human Services, is pleased to invite applications from qualified candidates for a Cancer Research Training Award (CRTA), with an emphasis on gene- nutrition interaction-cancer prevention. To learn more please read the Cancer Research Training Award (pdf, 118kb) document.

346

Marketing Training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

All of our ideas have been field tested and have proven effective in our environment. Our objectives are: We will share our ideas about marketing training and what we've implemented at Michoud Space Systems. You will go away with at least one new idea or insight about how to more effectively market your training.

Leonard, Eric

1998-01-01

347

Assessor Training Assessor Qualification &  

E-print Network

NVLAP Assessor Training Assessor Qualification & Training Requirements #12;Assessor Training 2009: Qualification & Training Requirements 2 References ·ISO/IEC 17011: Conformity assessment General requirements 2 #12;Assessor Training 2009: Qualification & Training Requirements 3 Assessor Defined ·Lead

348

A Preliminary RCT of CBT-AD for Adherence and Depression among HIV-Positive Latinos on the U.S. –Mexico Border: The Nuevo Día Study  

PubMed Central

We conducted a preliminary RCT among 40 HIV-positive Latinos of Mexican descent on the U.S.-Mexico border who indicated imperfect adherence and depressive symptomatology. Participants were randomly assigned to culturally adapted cognitive-behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) with an alarmed pillbox or usual care. Outcomes were depressive symptoms (self-report and blind clinician ratings), adherence (self-report and electronic pillbox), and biological markers. The intervention, delivered in English and Spanish, proved feasible and acceptable. Generalized estimating equations in intent-to-treat analyses showed some effects of “moderate” to “large” size, with maintenance over time. For example, intervention (vs. control) participants demonstrated at post-intervention a greater drop in BDI scores (OR = - 3.64, p = .05) and greater adherence according to the electronic pillbox (OR = 3.78, p = .03). Biological markers indicated some relative improvement for CD4 count but not VL. The promising results suggest a larger trial to determine efficacy is warranted. PMID:23812892

Simoni, Jane M.; Wiebe, John S.; Sauceda, John A.; Huh, David; Sanchez, Giselle; Longoria, Virginia; Bedoya, C. Andres; Safren, Steven A.

2013-01-01

349

Individualized Assessment and Treatment Program for Alcohol Dependence: Results of an Initial Study to Train Coping Skills  

PubMed Central

Aims Cognitive-behavioral treatments (CBT) are among the most popular interventions offered for alcohol and other substance use disorders, but it is not clear how they achieve their effects. CBT is purported to exert its beneficial effects by altering coping skills, but data supporting coping changes as the mechanism of action are mixed. The purpose of this pilot study was to test a treatment in which coping skills were trained in a highly individualized way, allowing us to determine if such training would result in an effective treatment. Design Participants were assigned randomly to a comprehensive packaged CBT program (PCBT), or to an Individualized Assessment and Treatment Program (IATP). The IATP program employed experience sampling via cellphone to assess coping skills prior to treatment, and provided therapists a detailed understanding of patients' coping strengths and deficits. Setting Outpatient treatment. Participants A total of 110 alcohol dependent men and women. Measurements Participants in both conditions completed experience sampling of situations, drinking and coping efforts prior to, and following, 12 weeks of treatment. Timeline follow-back procedures were also used to record drinking at baseline and posttreatment. Findings IATP yielded higher proportion days abstinent (PDA) at posttreatment (p < .05) than did PCBT, and equivalent heavy drinking days. IATP also elicited more momentary coping responses, and less drinking, in high risk situations, as recorded by experience sampling at posttreatment. Posttreatment coping response rates were associated with decreases in drinking. Conclusions The IATP approach was more successful than PCBT at training adaptive coping responses for use in situations presenting high-risk for drinking. The highly individualized IATP approach may prove to be an effective treatment strategy for alcohol dependent patients. PMID:19712124

Litt, Mark D.; Kadden, Ronald M.; Kabela-Cormier, Elise

2009-01-01

350

Impact of seasonal hydrological variation on the distributions of tetraether lipids along the Amazon River in the central Amazon basin: implications for the MBT/CBT paleothermometer and the BIT index.  

PubMed

Suspended particulate matter (SPM) was collected along the Amazon River in the central Amazon basin and in three tributaries during the rising water (RW), high water (HW), falling water (FW) and low water (LW) season. Changes in the concentration and the distribution of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs), i.e., the methylation index of branched tetraethers (MBT) and the cyclization of brGDGTs (CBT), were seen in the Amazon main stem. The highest concentration of core lipid (CL) brGDGTs normalized to particulate organic carbon (POC) was found during the HW season. During the HW season the MBT and CBT in the Amazon main stem was also most similar to that of lowland Amazon (terra firme) soils, indicating that the highest input of soil-derived brGDGTs occurred due to increased water runoff. During the other seasons the MBT and CBT indicated an increased influence of in situ production of brGDGTs even though soils remained the main source of brGDGTs. Our results reveal that the influence of seasonal variation is relatively small, but can be clearly detected. Crenarchaeol was mostly produced in the river. Its concentration was lower during the HW season compared to that of the other seasons. Hence, our study shows the complexity of processes that influence the GDGT distribution during the transport from land to ocean. It emphasizes the importance of a detailed study of a river basin to interpret the MBT/CBT and BIT records for paleo reconstructions in adjacent marine setting. PMID:23966986

Zell, Claudia; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Abril, Gwenaël; Sobrinho, Rodrigo Lima; Dorhout, Denise; Moreira-Turcq, Patricia; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S

2013-01-01

351

Impact of seasonal hydrological variation on the distributions of tetraether lipids along the Amazon River in the central Amazon basin: implications for the MBT/CBT paleothermometer and the BIT index  

PubMed Central

Suspended particulate matter (SPM) was collected along the Amazon River in the central Amazon basin and in three tributaries during the rising water (RW), high water (HW), falling water (FW) and low water (LW) season. Changes in the concentration and the distribution of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs), i.e., the methylation index of branched tetraethers (MBT) and the cyclization of brGDGTs (CBT), were seen in the Amazon main stem. The highest concentration of core lipid (CL) brGDGTs normalized to particulate organic carbon (POC) was found during the HW season. During the HW season the MBT and CBT in the Amazon main stem was also most similar to that of lowland Amazon (terra firme) soils, indicating that the highest input of soil-derived brGDGTs occurred due to increased water runoff. During the other seasons the MBT and CBT indicated an increased influence of in situ production of brGDGTs even though soils remained the main source of brGDGTs. Our results reveal that the influence of seasonal variation is relatively small, but can be clearly detected. Crenarchaeol was mostly produced in the river. Its concentration was lower during the HW season compared to that of the other seasons. Hence, our study shows the complexity of processes that influence the GDGT distribution during the transport from land to ocean. It emphasizes the importance of a detailed study of a river basin to interpret the MBT/CBT and BIT records for paleo reconstructions in adjacent marine setting. PMID:23966986

Zell, Claudia; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Abril, Gwenael; Sobrinho, Rodrigo Lima; Dorhout, Denise; Moreira-Turcq, Patricia; Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S.

2013-01-01

352

A Competency-Based In-Service Training Program for Distributive Education Coordinators on Their Role as DECA Chapter Advisors. Phase I. Final Report, September 1, 1978 through June 15, 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to accomplish three objectives: (1) identify and validate the tasks performed by distributive education teacher coordinators in the role of Distributive Education Clubs of America (DECA) chapter advisors; (2) identify competencies needed by teacher-coordinators to perform these tasks; and (3) develop instructional modules for…

Berns, Robert G.; Smith, Clifton L.

353

Trains Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Trains magazine is billed as "THE magazine of railroading," covering short line and Class I railroads, along with details on the business side of operations, and details on equipment, policy news, and information on tourist railroads. New users will note that some of the materials here are for subscribers only, but much of the site is available to the general public. The News Wire area is a great place to get caught up with regulatory changes, services modifications, and information about intergovernmental affairs affecting railroad operations. Moving along, the Railroad Reference area features great maps like "Top Intermodal Lines in North America, 2004" and "Norfolk Southern's Predecessors." The Interactive area contains interviews with railroad insiders, a 24-hour train webcam from Rochelle, Illinois, and web exclusives. The site is rounded out by the Tourist Train Guidebook area, which offers up-to-date information on the operations of tourist trains around the United States and Canada.

354

Training | Poster  

Cancer.gov

Data Management Services, Inc. (DMS), has announced the opening of its spring session of software training classes, available to all employees at NCI at Frederick. Classes begin on March 31 and run through June 30.

355

Project Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The training manager of the Aero Engine Division of Rolls Royce Limited describes his graduate level program for retaining and developing mechanical engineers, mathematicians, scientists, and other college graduates. Three diagrams. (LY)

Cooper, Hubert

1970-01-01

356

Train race  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive game, students compute the mean, median, and range of the running times of various trains, then select the one train that will get to the destination on time. Players can select one of three levels of difficulty. During play, if an incorrect value is entered, feedback is immediate. Tips for students are available as well as a full explanation of the key instructional ideas underlying the game.

2007-12-12

357

Training Unpolluters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortage of trained manpower remains a troublesome problem that must be overcome if the national attack on water pollution succeeds. The total number of persons treating waste water in 1967 was 11,300 professionals, 10,300 technicians, 23,500 sewage treatment plant operators, and 50,000 maintenance workers. (BC)

Manpower, 1970

1970-01-01

358

Extreme Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can one learn to lead on the flying trapeze? That's the question prompted by the exotic variations on the theme of experiential learning. By taking employees or executives (or both) out of their work element and putting them through an experience together, training professionals try to create learning that is more meaningful than PowerPoint…

Dolezalek, Holly

2010-01-01

359

Power Trains.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is part of a series designed to teach students about diesel engines. The materials in this power trains guide apply to both on-road and off-road vehicles and include information about chain and belt drives used in tractors and combines. These instructional materials, containing nine units, are written in terms of student…

Kukuk, Marvin; Mathis, Joe

360

and Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the concept of active youth citizenship in the context of education and training across Europe. With the 'Citizens for Europe' programme issued by the Commission of the European Communities (2005), due for implementation in 2007, development of active citizenship in a European Union (EU) environment will be high on political and educational agendas. The conclusion of this

Philippa Trevorrow; Rachel Owens

361

Interval Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regardless of the type of physical activity used, interval training is simply repeated periods of physical stress interspersed with recovery periods during which activity of a reduced intensity is performed. During the recovery periods, the individual usually keeps moving and does not completely recover before the next exercise interval (e.g.,…

President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, Washington, DC.

362

Abstract of Training and Training Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report discusses four steps in the systematic development of human resources through training--specifications of training objectives, input control (trainee selection), training procedures, and output control (proficiency measurement). It then considers their implications for conducting training programs and training research. A primary…

Glaser, Robert; Glanzer, Murray

363

FERPA Training Guide FERPA Training Steps  

E-print Network

FERPA Training Guide 1 FERPA Training Steps Graduate committee chairs and co-chairs are encouraged-time FERPA training via TrainTraq (if not previously completed). When trying to access the Graduate Committee Degree Evaluation too, the following screen will display if you have not completed FERPA training

364

Training Handout Reaxys Training Page 1  

E-print Network

Training Handout #12;Reaxys Training Page 1 Table of Contents: Introduction 2 Getting Started 2 Searching with Stereochemistry 44 Reaxys Training Center 46 #12;Reaxys Training Page 2 INTRODUCTION to receive product update bulletins and the bi-monthly Reaxys newsletter. #12;Reaxys Training Page 3 Login

365

Training Opportunities! Sun, Shades, and Training!  

E-print Network

Training Opportunities! Sun, Shades, and Training! June 2014 A Work of Art Postal Plaza Gallery.m. to 4:00 p.m. The OSHA 10-hour General Industry Outreach Training Programs were developed by the OSHA Training Institute with the intent to assist employers in training and introducing employees to the basic

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

366

Practical Training Issues Network Training Steps  

E-print Network

22 1 Practical Training Issues #12;22 2 Network Training Steps Collect/Preprocess Data Select Network Type/Architecture Use Network Select Training Algorithm Initialize Weights & Train Network Analyze of the input space (to avoid extrapolation). · Divide the data into training, validation and testing subsets

Hagan, Martin

367

Training and service in public health, Nigeria field epidemiology and laboratory training, 2008 - 2014.  

PubMed

The health workforce is one of the key building blocks for strengthening health systems. There is an alarming shortage of curative and preventive health care workers in developing countries many of which are in Africa. Africa resultantly records appalling health indices as a consequence of endemic and emerging health issues that are exacerbated by a lack of a public health workforce. In low-income countries, efforts to build public health surveillance and response systems have stalled, due in part, to the lack of epidemiologists and well-trained laboratorians. To strengthen public health systems in Africa, especially for disease surveillance and response, a number of countries have adopted a competency-based approach of training - Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP). The Nigeria FELTP was established in October 2008 as an inservice training program in field epidemiology, veterinary epidemiology and public health laboratory epidemiology and management. The first cohort of NFELTP residents began their training on 20th October 2008 and completed their training in December 2010. The program was scaled up in 2011 and it admitted 39 residents in its third cohort. The program has admitted residents in six annual cohorts since its inception admitting a total of 207 residents as of 2014 covering all the States. In addition the program has trained 595 health care workers in short courses. Since its inception, the program has responded to 133 suspected outbreaks ranging from environmental related outbreaks, vaccine preventable diseases, water and food borne, zoonoses, (including suspected viral hemorrhagic fevers) as well as neglected tropical diseases. With its emphasis on one health approach of solving public health issues the program has recruited physicians, veterinarians and laboratorians to work jointly on human, animal and environmental health issues. Residents have worked to identify risk factors of disease at the human animal interface for influenza, brucellosis, tick-borne relapsing fever, rabies, leptospirosis and zoonotic helminthic infections. The program has been involved in polio eradication efforts through its National Stop Transmission of Polio (NSTOP). The commencement of NFELTP was a novel approach to building sustainable epidemiological capacity to strengthen public health systems especially surveillance and response systems in Nigeria. Training and capacity building efforts should be tied to specific system strengthening and not viewed as an end to them. The approach of linking training and service provision may be an innovative approach towards addressing the numerous health challenges. PMID:25328621

Nguku, Patrick; Oyemakinde, Akin; Sabitu, Kabir; Olayinka, Adebola; Ajayi, Ikeoluwapo; Fawole, Olufunmilayo; Babirye, Rebecca; Gitta, Sheba; Mukanga, David; Waziri, Ndadilnasiya; Gidado, Saheed; Biya, Oladayo; Gana, Chinyere; Ajumobi, Olufemi; Abubakar, Aisha; Sani-Gwarzo, Nasir; Ngobua, Samuel; Oleribe, Obinna; Poggensee, Gabriele; Nsubuga, Peter; Nyager, Joseph; Nasidi, Abdulsalami

2014-01-01

368

Training and Service in Public Health, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training, 2008 - 2014  

PubMed Central

The health workforce is one of the key building blocks for strengthening health systems. There is an alarming shortage of curative and preventive health care workers in developing countries many of which are in Africa. Africa resultantly records appalling health indices as a consequence of endemic and emerging health issues that are exacerbated by a lack of a public health workforce. In low-income countries, efforts to build public health surveillance and response systems have stalled, due in part, to the lack of epidemiologists and well-trained laboratorians. To strengthen public health systems in Africa, especially for disease surveillance and response, a number of countries have adopted a competency-based approach of training - Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP). The Nigeria FELTP was established in October 2008 as an inservice training program in field epidemiology, veterinary epidemiology and public health laboratory epidemiology and management. The first cohort of NFELTP residents began their training on 20th October 2008 and completed their training in December 2010. The program was scaled up in 2011 and it admitted 39 residents in its third cohort. The program has admitted residents in six annual cohorts since its inception admitting a total of 207 residents as of 2014 covering all the States. In addition the program has trained 595 health care workers in short courses. Since its inception, the program has responded to 133 suspected outbreaks ranging from environmental related outbreaks, vaccine preventable diseases, water and food borne, zoonoses, (including suspected viral hemorrhagic fevers) as well as neglected tropical diseases. With its emphasis on one health approach of solving public health issues the program has recruited physicians, veterinarians and laboratorians to work jointly on human, animal and environmental health issues. Residents have worked to identify risk factors of disease at the human animal interface for influenza, brucellosis, tick-borne relapsing fever, rabies, leptospirosis and zoonotic helminthic infections. The program has been involved in polio eradication efforts through its National Stop Transmission of Polio (NSTOP). The commencement of NFELTP was a novel approach to building sustainable epidemiological capacity to strengthen public health systems especially surveillance and response systems in Nigeria. Training and capacity building efforts should be tied to specific system strengthening and not viewed as an end to them. The approach of linking training and service provision may be an innovative approach towards addressing the numerous health challenges. PMID:25328621

Nguku, Patrick; Oyemakinde, Akin; Sabitu, Kabir; Olayinka, Adebola; Ajayi, Ikeoluwapo; Fawole, Olufunmilayo; Babirye, Rebecca; Gitta, Sheba; Mukanga, David; Waziri, Ndadilnasiya; Gidado, Saheed; Biya, Oladayo; Gana, Chinyere; Ajumobi, Olufemi; Abubakar, Aisha; Sani-Gwarzo, Nasir; Ngobua, Samuel; Oleribe, Obinna; Poggensee, Gabriele; Nsubuga, Peter; Nyager, Joseph; Nasidi, Abdulsalami

2014-01-01

369

The development of a pilot training program for peer leaders in diabetes: Process and content  

PubMed Central

Purpose The goal of this study is to describe the process of developing a program that trains peers to facilitate an empowerment-based diabetes self-management support (DSMS) intervention. Methods To guide and advise the development process, we formed a peer leader training (PLT) action committee. The committee was an interdisciplinary group (principal investigator, nurse and dietician certified diabetes educators, nutritionist, physician, and three community members) that met every three months over a one-year period for continuous quality improvement (CQI) meetings. During CQI meetings, the committee reviewed and supervised the curriculum development, provided feedback, and informed modifications and improvements. Results The resulting PLT program is a 46-hour training program with two training sessions conducted per week over a 12-week period. The competency-based training program is based on the theory of experiential learning and consists of three major components including building a diabetes-related knowledge base, developing skills (communication, facilitation, and behavior change), and applying skills in experiential settings. All components are integrated within each training session using a wide range of instructional methods including group brainstorming, group sharing, role-play, peer leader simulations, and group facilitation simulations. Conclusion Through the process described above, we developed a training program that equips peer leaders with the knowledge and skills to facilitate empowerment-based DSMS interventions. Future directions include conducting and evaluating the peer training program. PMID:21220362

Tang, Tricia S.; Funnell, Martha M.; Gillard, Marylou; Nwankwo, Robin; Heisler, Michele

2014-01-01

370

Alignment of Nephrology Training with Workforce, Patient, and Educational Needs: An Evidence Based Proposal  

PubMed Central

Summary Background and objectives Competency-based training programs focus on the product of training rather than the process with the desired attributes and skills set of the specialist directing the training program. These ideal skills and qualities have yet to be formally identified for nephrology training. The objectives of our study were: (1) to define the attributes of a “high quality” nephrologist from the perspectives of the trainer (nephrologist), trainee, and renal patient and (2) identify components and relative frequencies of nephrologists' work practice. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Four substudies were undertaken, utilizing a combined quantitative and qualitative approach: (1) a national nephrology workforce study, (2) in-depth interviews of nephrology patients, (3) in-depth interviews of nephrology trainees, and (4) in-depth interviews of practicing nephrologists. Results Patients value good communication skills above other attributes. Nephrologists and trainees identify particular personal attributes, a holistic and evidence-based approach to patient care, and good clinical skills as paramount. Although nephrologists spend most of their time in clinical practice, substantial time is also spent in research, teaching, and administrative work. Conclusions For the first time, an evidence-based approach has been used to help define qualities desired in a practicing nephrologist. Along with training and assessment in clinical practice, this research supports nephrology training programs incorporating training in basic interventions, research skill acquisition, administration, and teaching. Training toward high standards in advanced communication and the maintenance of a holistic approach to patient care are necessary. PMID:21980186

Brown, Mark

2011-01-01

371

Field Epidemiology Training Programmes in Africa - Where are the Graduates?  

PubMed Central

Background The current shortage of human resources for health threatens the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. There is currently limited published evidence of health-related training programmes in Africa that have produced graduates, who remain and work in their countries after graduation. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that the majority of graduates of field epidemiology training programmes (FETPs) in Africa stay on to work in their home countries--many as valuable resources to overstretched health systems. Methods Alumni data from African FETPs were reviewed in order to establish graduate retention. Retention was defined as a graduate staying and working in their home country for at least 3 years after graduation. African FETPs are located in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe. However, this paper only includes the Uganda and Zimbabwe FETPs, as all the others are recent programmes. Results This review shows that enrolment increased over the years, and that there is high graduate retention, with 85.1% (223/261) of graduates working within country of training; most working with Ministries of Health (46.2%; 105/261) and non-governmental organizations (17.5%; 40/261). Retention of graduates with a medical undergraduate degree was higher (Zimbabwe 80% [36/83]; Uganda 90.6% [125/178]) than for those with other undergraduate qualifications (Zimbabwe 71.1% [27/83]; Uganda 87.5% [35/178]). Conclusions African FETPs have unique features which may explain their high retention of graduates. These include: programme ownership by ministries of health and local universities; well defined career paths; competence-based training coupled with a focus on field practice during training; awarding degrees upon completion; extensive training and research opportunities made available to graduates; and the social capital acquired during training. PMID:20696029

2010-01-01

372

Train Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Running resistance, the combined resistance induced by aerodynamic drag and mechanical friction, absorbs about 16 percent of railroad budget and maintenance costs. In order to study these losses, AT&SF Railroad entered into a joint research project with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Various train configurations were tested when the resulting data was computer analyzed. The Coast-Down Technique was estimated at one percent accuracy. AT&SF is evaluating the data further.

1985-01-01

373

Ear Training  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using these websites, you can practice your ear training skills. There are links for intervals, chords, and short melodic segments. First, you should go to this website to practice intervals. Intervals Begin with the first option (simple intervals up). After mastering this, move to simple intervals down. As you become more advanced, continue down the line of interval options. They will become more difficult as you ...

2009-09-15

374

Making Trains  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity uses Cuisenaire Rods to develop flexibility and fluency with addition facts and to encourage systematic thinking. Several different challenges are posed, all involving making equivalent trains using a given number of rods of different colors. An interactive Flash Cuisenaire applet is provided as an alternative to using real rods. The Teachers' Notes page offers suggestions for implementation, discussion questions, ideas for extension and support, and a link to a related activity, Cuisenaire Counting (cataloged separately).

2005-10-01

375

Education and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics discussed include (1) establishment of a national vocational training service in Nicaragua; (2) vocational training in Senegal; (3) national vocational training week in the Ukraine; and (4) inplant training in the U.S.S.R. (SK)

Social and Labour Bulletin, 1980

1980-01-01

376

A pilot study of a practice management training module for medical residents  

PubMed Central

Background In 2005 a competency based curriculum was introduced in the Dutch postgraduate medical training programs. While the manager’s role is one of the seven key competencies, there is still no formal management course in most postgraduate curricula. Based on a needs assessment we conducted, several themes were identified as important for a possible management training program. We present the results of the pilot training we performed to investigate two of these themes. Methods The topics “knowledge of the healthcare system” and “time management” were developed from the list of suggested management training themes. Fourteen residents participated in the training and twenty-four residents served as control. The training consisted of two sessions of four hours with a homework assignment in between. 50 True/false-questions were given as pre- and post-test to both the test and control groups to assess the level of acquired knowledge among the test group as well as the impact of the intervention. We also performed a qualitative evaluation using evaluation forms and in-depth interviews. Results All fourteen residents completed the training. Six residents in the control group were lost to follow up. The pre- and post-test showed improvement among the participating residents in comparison to the residents from the control group, but this improvement was not significant. The qualitative assessment showed that all residents evaluated the training positively and experienced it as a useful addition to their training in becoming a medical specialist. Conclusion Our training was evaluated positively and considered to be valuable. This study supports the need for mandatory medical management training as part of the postgraduate medical curriculum. Our training could be an example of how to teach two important themes in the broad area of medical management education. PMID:24885442

2014-01-01

377

EHSO TRAINING CLASSES Fire Safety Program Training  

E-print Network

EHSO TRAINING CLASSES Fire Safety Program Training 1. Fire Safety (60 minutes) Instruction includes an actual fire eperience. 2. Fire Extinguisher Training (30 minutes) A practical demonstration on actual burnable liquid fires. This practical extinguisher training is a critical portion of the fire

378

LISTSERV Training Handout 1 Listserv Training  

E-print Network

LISTSERV® Training Handout 1 Listserv® Training For University at Buffalo List Owners #12;LISTSERV® Training Handout 2 University at Buffalo LISTSERV® Training Table of Contents What is a LISTSERV® Page 3 Who can create a LISTSERV?® Page 3 How to create

Sachs, Frederick

379

Media Training  

SciTech Connect

With the LHC starting up soon, the world's media are again turning their attention to CERN. We're all likely to be called upon to explain what is happening at CERN to media, friends and neighbours. The seminar will be given by BBC television news journalists Liz Pike and Nadia Marchant, and will deal with the kind of questions we're likely to be confronted with through the restart period. The training is open for everybody. Make sure you arrive early enough to get a seat - there are only 200 seats in the Globe. The session will also be webcast: http://webcast.cern.ch/

None

2009-12-11

380

Media Training  

ScienceCinema

With the LHC starting up soon, the world's media are again turning their attention to CERN. We're all likely to be called upon to explain what is happening at CERN to media, friends and neighbours. The seminar will be given by BBC television news journalists Liz Pike and Nadia Marchant, and will deal with the kind of questions we're likely to be confronted with through the restart period. The training is open for everybody. Make sure you arrive early enough to get a seat - there are only 200 seats in the Globe. The session will also be webcast: http://webcast.cern.ch/

None

2011-10-06

381

Masonry. Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum for masonry is organized into 12 modules. Each module is comprised of two to nine competency statements. A student competency sheet provided for each competency is organized into this format: module and competency number and name, performance guide (for some competencies), learning activities, and an evaluation. Where appropriate,…

Long, Diana

382

From Taylorism to competence-based production  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the four decades of my professional career, manufacturing has been subdued to a radical change from objectifying to\\u000a subjectifying work. The evolution of the originally prevailing Taylor model with its functionally divided and highly mechanised\\u000a work processes culminated in the 1980s in the rise and fall of computer integrated manufacturing (CIM) contested by the alternative\\u000a approach of human-centred production

Peter Brödner

2007-01-01

383

Competency-based learning in traumatology  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundA multidisciplinary, competencybased trauma teaching program was introduced for final year medical students (n = 67) at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (RPAH) in 1994 to complement the surgical clerkship.

David Hill; Paul Stalley; David Pennington; Michael Besser; William McCarthy

1997-01-01

384

Moving beyond a Competency-Based Internship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The internship, a culminating program experience for aspiring building-level administrators, affords university faculty and mentors rich insight into the transition that occurs when interns pedagogically shift from teacher to building administrator; a transition that intimately connects classroom learning with authentic experience. Grounded in…

Gruenert, Stephen W.; Balch, Bradley V.

2004-01-01

385

Education Reform and Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core purpose of this paper is to describe a new educational paradigm as well as possible directions and tasks for education reform in the 21st century. The present-day education system has failed to nurture the kind of creative people who can play leading roles in development or to produce citizens of a good character and democratic…

Moon, Yong-lin

2007-01-01

386

"Training Floors" and "Training Ceilings": Metonyms for Understanding Training Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines a conceptual framework for mapping and understanding training trends. It uses the metonyms of floors and ceilings to distinguish between different types of training configurations. The argument is made that the ups and downs of employer reports of training activity are a crude basis on which to make judgements about the…

Felstead, Alan; Jewson, Nick

2014-01-01

387

Intelligent tutoring systems research in the training systems division: Space applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) is a mature technology used to teach students in a wide variety of domains. The introduction of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology of the field of CAI has prompted research and development efforts in an area known as Intelligent Computer-Aided Instruction (ICAI). In some cases, ICAI has been touted as a revolutionary alternative to traditional CAI. With the advent of powerful, inexpensive school computers, ICAI is emerging as a potential rival to CAI. In contrast to this, one may conceive of Computer-Based Training (CBT) systems as lying along a continuum which runs from CAI to ICAI. Although the key difference between the two is intelligence, there is not commonly accepted definition of what constitutes an intelligent instructional system.

Regian, J. Wesley

1988-01-01

388

2011 Training Industry Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents "Training" magazine's exclusive analysis of the U.S. training industry, featuring 2011 training expenditures, budgetary allocations, delivery methods, and training priorities. Now in its 30th year, The Industry Report is recognized as the training industry's most trusted source of data on budgets, staffing, and programs. This…

Training, 2011

2011-01-01

389

Interreality for the management and training of psychological stress: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Psychological stress occurs when an individual perceives that environmental demands tax or exceed his or her adaptive capacity. Its association with severe health and emotional diseases, points out the necessity to find new efficient strategies to treat it. Moreover, psychological stress is a very personal problem and requires training focused on the specific needs of individuals. To overcome the above limitations, the INTERSTRESS project suggests the adoption of a new paradigm for e-health - Interreality - that integrates contextualized assessment and treatment within a hybrid environment, bridging the physical and the virtual worlds. According to this premise, the aim of this study is to investigate the advantages of using advanced technologies, in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), based on a protocol for reducing psychological stress. Methods/Design The study is designed as a randomized controlled trial. It includes three groups of approximately 50 subjects each who suffer from psychological stress: (1) the experimental group, (2) the control group, (3) the waiting list group. Participants included in the experimental group will receive a treatment based on cognitive behavioral techniques combined with virtual reality, biofeedback and mobile phone, while the control group will receive traditional stress management CBT-based training, without the use of new technologies. The wait-list group will be reassessed and compared with the two other groups five weeks after the initial evaluation. After the reassessment, the wait-list patients will randomly receive one of the two other treatments. Psychometric and physiological outcomes will serve as quantitative dependent variables, while subjective reports of participants will be used as the qualitative dependent variable. Discussion What we would like to show with the present trial is that bridging virtual experiences, used to learn coping skills and emotional regulation, with real experiences using advanced technologies (virtual reality, advanced sensors and smartphones) is a feasible way to address actual limitations of existing protocols for psychological stress. Trial registration http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01683617 PMID:23806013

2013-01-01

390

Introducing structured caregiver training in stroke care: findings from the TRACS process evaluation study  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the process of implementation of the modified London Stroke Carers Training Course (LSCTC) in the Training Caregivers After Stroke (TRACS) cluster randomised trial and contribute to the interpretation of the TRACS trial results. The LSCTC was a structured competency-based training programme designed to help develop the knowledge and skills (eg, patient handling or transfer skills) essential for the day-to-day management of disabled survivors of stroke. The LSCTC comprised 14 components, 6 were mandatory (and delivered to all) and 8 non-mandatory, to be delivered based on individual assessment of caregiver need. Design Process evaluation using non-participant observation, documentary analysis and semistructured interviews. Participants Patients with stroke (n=38), caregivers (n=38), stroke unit staff (n=53). Settings 10 of the 36 stroke units participating in the TRACS trial in four English regions (Yorkshire, North West, South East and South West, Peninsula). Results Preparatory cascade training on delivery of the LSCTC did not reach all staff and did not lead to multidisciplinary team (MDT) wide understanding of, engagement with or commitment to the LSCTC. Although senior therapists in most intervention units observed developed ownership of the LSCTC, MDT working led to separation rather than integration of delivery of LSCTC elements. Organisational features of stroke units and professionals’ patient-focused practices limited the involvement of caregivers. Caregivers were often invited to observe therapy or care being provided by professionals but had few opportunities to make sense of, or to develop knowledge and stroke-specific skills provided by the LSCTC. Where provided, caregiver training came very late in the inpatient stay. Assessment and development of caregiver competence was not commonly observed. Conclusions Contextual factors including service improvement pressures and staff perceptions of the necessity for and work required in caregiver training impacted negatively on implementation of the caregiver training intervention. Structured caregiver training programmes such as the LSCTC are unlikely to be practical in settings with short inpatient stays. Stroke units where early supported discharge is in place potentially offer a more effective vehicle for introducing competency based caregiver training. LINKED TRACS Cluster randomised controlled trial number ISRCTN49208824. PMID:24736035

Clarke, David J; Hawkins, R; Sadler, E; Harding, G; McKevitt, C; Godfrey, M; Dickerson, J; Farrin, A J; Kalra, L; Smithard, D; Forster, A

2014-01-01

391

Spaced cognitive training promotes training transfer  

PubMed Central

Cognitive training studies yield wildly inconsistent results. One dimension on which studies vary is the scheduling of training sessions (Morrison and Chein, 2011). In this study, we systematically address whether or not spacing of practice influences training and transfer. We randomly assigned 115 fifth grade children to an active control group or one of four training groups who received working memory training based on a “running span” task (Zhao et al., 2011). All groups received the same total amount of training: 20 sessions of training with 60 trials for an average of 20 min per session. The training was spread across 2, 5, 10, or 20 days. The active control group received 20-min sessions of math instruction for 20 sessions. Before and after training participants in all five groups performed a single transfer test that assessed fluid intelligence, the Raven's Progressive Matrices Test. Overall, participants in all four training groups improved significantly on the training task (at least partially), as reflected by increased speed. More importantly, the only training group to show significant improvement on the Raven's was the group who had the greatest amount of spacing (20 days group) during training and improvement in this group was significantly higher than that of the control group. PMID:24782744

Wang, Zuowei; Zhou, Renlai; Shah, Priti

2014-01-01

392

Ergonomics and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship of ergonomics (the study of man in relation to his working environment) and training is examined in the context of physical stress, training time required, man-machine systems, skill and job performance analysis, and training effectiveness. (AG)

Davies, Geoff

1974-01-01

393

No Time to Train.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ways to overcome resistance to investing employee time in training include making training fit the available time, persuading management of the benefits, reexamining assumptions about teaching and learning, and switching from training to performance support. (SK)

Lee, Chris; Zemke, Ron

1995-01-01

394

Assessor Training Assessment Techniques  

E-print Network

NVLAP Assessor Training Assessment Techniques: Communication Skills and Conducting an Assessment listener ·Knowledgeable Assessor Training 2009: Assessment Techniques: Communication Skills & Conducting, truthful, sincere, discrete · Diplomatic · Decisive · Selfreliant Assessor Training 2009: Assessment

395

Why Strength Training?  

MedlinePLUS

... Physical Activity Physical Activity Share Compartir Why strength training? Research has shown that strengthening exercises are both ... person's mental and emotional health. Benefits of Strength Training There are numerous benefits to strength training regularly, ...

396

Training and Organizational Development  

E-print Network

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, (970) 491-1376, Ellen 1 of 5 This office coordinates training and development opportunities for personal and professional and state classified personnel. Customized training and orga- nizational development consulting services

397

Training and Organizational Development  

E-print Network

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, 491-1376, Ellen training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State University training and organizational development consulting services are also available. Class Location: Johnson

Stephens, Graeme L.

398

Training and Organizational Development  

E-print Network

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, 491-1376, Ellen coordinates training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State. Customized training and organizational development consulting services are also available. Class Location

Stephens, Graeme L.

399

Training and Organizational Development  

E-print Network

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, 491-1376, Ellen coordinates training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State. Customized training and organizational development consulting services are also available. Class Locations

Stephens, Graeme L.

400

Assessor Training Nonconformities  

E-print Network

NVLAP Assessor Training Nonconformities #12;Nonconformity ­ nonfulfillment of a specified Assessor Training 2009: Nonconformities 2 Definitions #12;Nonconformities ­ All nonconformities must of the lab. Assessor Training 2009: Nonconformities 3 Implications #12;Specified requirements are defined

401

Training and Organizational Development  

E-print Network

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, (970) 491-1376, Ellen training and development opportunities for personal and professional growth for Colorado State University training and organiza- tional development consulting services are also available. Class Location: Johnson

402

Introduction Model training  

E-print Network

Introduction Model training Experimental results Conclusion Context-Dependent Alignment Models and William Byrne Context-Dependent Alignment Models for SMT #12;Introduction Model training Experimental trees Model training Experimental results Evaluation of alignment quality Translation results Jamie

Byrne, William

403

Training and Organizational Development  

E-print Network

Training and Organizational Development Contact: Ellen Audley Assistant, (970) 491-1376, Ellen 1 of 2 This office coordinates training and development opportunities for personal and professional and state classified personnel. Customized training and organizational development consulting services

Stephens, Graeme L.

404

Staff Training Application  

E-print Network

Staff Training Application =============================================================================== Persons eligible for Staff Training benefit must: 1. Be filling a permanent position (full or part of Charleston Staff Training Application Please indicate the Semester you are applying for (use separate

Kasman, Alex

405

Training Services Organizational Effectiveness  

E-print Network

ULearn Training Services Organizational Effectiveness 612-626-1373 trngsvcs@umn.edu www/material is available in alternative formats upon request. Please contact University of Minnesota Training Services, 260 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Search for Training

Minnesota, University of

406

Solid phase extraction of ultra traces silver(I) using octadecyl silica membrane disks modified by 1,3-bis(2-cyanobenzene) triazene (CBT) ligand prior to determination by flame atomic absorption.  

PubMed

A simple, reliable and rapid method for preconcentration and determination of the ultra trace amount of silver using octadecyl silica membrane disk modified by a recently synthesized triazene ligand, 1,3-bis(2-cyanobenzene)triazene (CBT), and flame atomic absorption spectrometry is presented. Various parameters including pH of aqueous solution, flow rates, the amount of ligand and the type of stripping solvents were optimized. The breakthrough volume was greater than 1800 ml with an enrichment factor of more than 360 and 6.0 ng l(-1) detection limit. The capacity of the membrane disks modified by 5mg of the ligand was found to be 1070 microg of silver. The effects of various cationic interferences on the percent recovery of silver ion were studied. The method was successfully applied to the determination of silver ion in different samples, especially determination of ultra trace amount of silver in the presence of large amount of lead. PMID:19345015

Rofouei, Mohammad Kazem; Payehghadr, Mahmood; Shamsipur, Mojtaba; Ahmadalinezhad, Asieh

2009-09-15

407

Train Smart: Perfect Trainings Every Time.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explains the TrainSmart approach to training, which is based on how the authors believe the brain naturally learns best. Part 1 introduces the five pillars of the TrainSmart Model, which are as follows: (1) engage (engage participants' attention); (2) frame (establish a frame of reference); (3) explore (introduce a conceptual activity);…

Allen, Rich

408

BASF: Training and Advanced Training 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the many government-sponsored training programs and facilities operated by a large German chemical company, in-plant and in their vocational school and laboratories, which provide vocational training and employment opportunities in various trades for school leavers as well as advanced training for skilled workers. (MF)

Heinz, Volker

1979-01-01

409

Terrestrial soil pH and MAAT records based on the MBT/CBT in the southern South China Sea: implications for the atmospheric CO2 evolution in Southeast Asia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Liang Dong1, Li Li1, Qianyu Li1,2, Chuanlun L. Zhang1,3 1State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China 2School of Earth and Environment Sciences, University of Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia 3Department of Marine Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA The methylation index of branched tetraethers (MBT) and/or the cyclization ratio of branched tetraethers (CBT) are derived from the branched glycerol dialkyl Glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) of bacterial origin and are widely used to reconstruct the terrestrial soil pH and mean annual air temperature (MAAT); however, these proxies are less frequently used in the oceanic settings. Here we provide the first high resolution records of soil pH and MAAT since the last glacial maximum based on the sedimentary core of MD05-2896 in the southern South China Sea. The MAAT record exhibited typical glacial and interglacial cycles and was consistent with the winter insolation variation. The pH values were lower (6.4-7) in the glacial time and higher (7-8.4) in the interglacial time. Changes in soil pH allowed the evaluation of changes in soil CO2 based on the atmosphere-soil CO2 balance. The results imply that the lower winter MAAT variation with a lower winter atmospheric CO2 concentration might have resulted in a higher pH in the interglacial period. Our records provide a new insight into the evolution of atmospheric CO2 between glacial and interglacial cycles in East Asia. Key words: South China Sea, MBT/CBT, b-GDGTs, MAAT, pH

Dong, L.; Li, L.; Li, Q.; Zhang, C.

2013-12-01

410

Quantitative training system assessments using General Systems Performance Theory  

E-print Network

3 4 6 9 10 BACKGROUND A. CBT Systems 1. Performance Assessment of CBT Systems 2. Gaming Simulations B. General Systems Performance Theory. . . . . . . . 1. Basic Constructs of GSPT a. The Resource Construct b. Dimensions of Performance c... obtained using the t-test 147 VII Event cardinalities for the 3 target task simulation games . . . . . . 151 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Flow of events in a typical CBT system 2 PCE for an idealized system with 2 DOPs 3 PCE for a non-ideal system...

Kashyap, Sujatha

2012-06-07

411

Between paranoia and creativity: candidates' experience of psychoanalytic training.  

PubMed

There is widespread concern regarding various aspects of psychoanalytic education. A recent paper by Patrick Casement, drawn widely from his long experience as a supervisor both in the U.K. and abroad, implied that the British Psychoanalytical Society is not exempt from these concerns. To investigate this, a semistructured, anonymous questionnaire was devised and sent to all candidates and all recently qualified analysts at the society. Overall there was a 58% response rate, with 77% of candidates and 39% of recently qualified analysts responding. Concerns were expressed about aspects of the training, but on the whole these were balanced by appreciation. Although strong criticism was expressed by a minority, it seems that when something goes wrong for a candidate, this experience is felt keenly by the peer group as well. The results are discussed in the context of the current training and ethos of the British Society, as well as in relation to a more widespread move toward "competency-based" education. The maturational tasks facing both candidates and trainers are also addressed. PMID:21148133

Ward, Anne; Gibson, Walter; Miqueu-Baz, Christine

2010-10-01

412

Assessing Intercultural Training Designs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Training designs are critical to the success of intercultural training programmes. A common typology for classifying intercultural training designs distinguishes among the following dimensions: experiential discovery versus didactic expository and culture-specific versus culture-general training. The purpose of this paper is to assess different…

Graf, Andrea

2004-01-01

413

Japan's superconducting Maglev train  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a Maglev train under the guidance of the Japanese Ministry of Transport. The Maglev train is an advanced train that can run more than 500 km\\/h with a linear synchronous motor (LSM) that has both a superconducting magnet on board and an armature coil in the ground. The Maglev train was tested on the Yamanashi Maglev test

M. Ono; S. Koga; H. Ohtsuki

2002-01-01

414

A Vocational Training Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory describes the training that is taking place in the private sector in the various industries in South Africa, excluding agriculture and domestic service, at a macro level. It focuses on training given or coordinated by industry training boards, regional training centers, certain employer organizations, and certain large employers, as…

Heymans, Susan; Hirschowitz, Ros

415

Creating Training Miracles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which is intended as a comprehensive practical reference source for training professionals, consultants, and managers, examines emerging trends in training and explains how to get training results in the workplace by using various educational strategies and advanced training methods. The following are among the topics discussed:…

Rylatt, Alastair; Lohan, Kevin

416

Training Fishermen at Sea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual is designed to serve as a guide for a one-year course for training fishermen on board training vessels of 100 to 200 gross tons. Fourteen chapters are included to deal with the subjects and problems most frequently faced by skippers and other instructors on training vessels. Chapter titles are (1) The Training Vessel, (2)…

Hermansson, Birgir

417

Interactively Training Pixel Classifiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manual generation of training examples for supervised learn- ing is an expensive process. One way to reduce this cost is to produce training instances that are highly informative. To this end, it would be beneficial to produce training instances inter- actively. Rather than provide a supervised learning algorithm with one complete set of training examples before learning commences, it would

Justus H. Piater; Edward M. Riseman; Paul E. Utgoff

1998-01-01

418

Assessor Training Traceability  

E-print Network

NVLAP Assessor Training Traceability #12;Assessor Training 2009: Traceability 2 Important References ·ILAC P10:2002 ·NVLAP Handbook 150:2006, Annex B Assessor Training 2009: Traceability 2 #12;Assessor Training 2009: Traceability 3 ILAC P10:2002 ·Section 1.4: Characteristics of traceability

419

Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty  

E-print Network

NVLAP Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty #12;Assessor Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 3 Measurement Uncertainty ·Calibration and testing labs performing Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 4 Measurement Uncertainty ·When the nature of the test precludes

420

Professional Training Information Pack  

E-print Network

Intending Professional Training Students Year 2 Information Pack #12;- 1 - Applying for a Professional Training Placement To be allowed to do the Professional Training you must have enrolled on one must talk to Dr J. M. Thompson immediately. General introduction to professional training Students

Davies, Christopher

421

Assessor Training International  

E-print Network

NVLAP Assessor Training International Arrangements #12;Assessor Training 2009: International;Assessor Training 2009: International Arrangements 3 2009 is the 10th anniversary of the signing granted by a signatory to the ILAC Arrangement #12;Assessor Training 2009: International Arrangements 4

422

Assessor Training NVLAP Communications  

E-print Network

NVLAP Assessor Training NVLAP Communications #12;Assessor Training 2009: NVLAP Communications 2 of assessment. ·Will also discuss other tools, such as internal database and webbased. #12;Assessor Training of assessors at lab · Assignments occur quarterly, in sync with renewal cycles. #12;Assessor Training 2009

423

TRAINING PERIOD 2013 Telecommunication  

E-print Network

TRAINING PERIOD 2013 Telecommunication Training title: Development and calibration telecommunication surveillance system. The training candidate will be integrated to the project team, in charge. The proposed training is thus focused on the development and calibration of an experimental multi-channel VHF

Dobigeon, Nicolas

424

Cost-effectiveness of computer-assisted training in cognitive-behavioral therapy as an adjunct to standard care for addiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

AimTo determine the cost-effectiveness, from clinic and patient perspectives, of a computer-based version of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT4CBT) as an addition to regular clinical practice for substance dependence.

Todd A. Olmstead; Cary D. Ostrow; Kathleen M. Carroll

2010-01-01

425

Training evaluation final report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the area of management training, 'evaluation' refers both to the specific evaluation instrument used to determine whether a training effort was considered effective, and to the procedures followed to evaluate specific training requests. This report recommends to evaluate new training requests in the same way new procurement or new projects are evaluated. This includes examining training requests from the perspective of KSC goals and objectives, and determining expected ROI of proposed training program (does training result in improved productivity, through savings of time, improved outputs, and/or personnel reduction?). To determine whether a specific training course is effective, a statement of what constitutes 'good performance' is required. The user (NOT the Training Branch) must define what is 'required level of performance'. This 'model' will be the basis for the design and development of an objective, performance-based, training evaluation instrument.

Sepulveda, Jose A.

1992-01-01

426

Trains, Trains, and More Trains: All Aboard the Reading Railroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of documents contains samples and ideas for use in library reading programs. Contents include: (1) directions for a big book display; (2) an outline train to be copied; (3) a list of jump rope rhymes and railroad songs; (4) suggested themes and bulletin board ideas for railroad programs; (5) a train maze and puzzle; (6) a game and…

Oklahoma Association of School Library Media Specialists.

427

STS-46 Crew Training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The crew of STS-46, Commander Loren J. Shriver, Pilot Andrew M. Allen, and Mission Specialists Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, Jeffrey A. Hoffman, Claude Nicollier, Marsha S. Ivins, and Franco Malerba are seen at various stages of their training. Footage includes firefighting training, helmet fit and T-38 checkout, bailout training in the weightless environment training facility, and remote manipulator training. The crew uses a computer simulation and the shuttle engineering simulator to practice using the tethered satellite system.

1998-01-01

428

Training Opportunities! Back to School & Back to Training  

E-print Network

Training Opportunities! Back to School & Back to Training September 2013 September 2013 To enroll in any training opportunities, visit http://hr.okstate.edu/training or e-mail osu- trng the Training Services 2013 Training Calendar at http://hr.okstate.edu/training/staff_dvpt13. The University

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

429

Northampton Community College Adult Learner Competencies Implementation. Final Report, 1998-1999 [and] Adult Learner Competencies Implementation Manual for Workshops #1 and #2 and NCC Competencies-Based Lesson Plan "Mini-Bank".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project provided training and guidance to Northampton Community College (NCC) staff in implementing the "new" adult learner skill competencies. Two workshops were held to serve 29 staff in Monroe, Wayne, and Pike counties in Pennsylvania. Among the topics covered were defining and introducing portfolios to adult learners, individualizing…

Sullivan, Judy

430

Training – CTEP-AERS Training Site: TBD  

Cancer.gov

Training Presentation CTEP-AERS Training Site: https://betapps-ctep.nci.nih.gov/ctepaers/public/login Shanda Finnigan CTEP, NCI November, 2013 Two ways to access CTEP-AERS 1) Directly by URL: https://eapps-ctep.nci.nih.gov/ctepaers 2)

431

Training – CTEP-AERS Training Site: TBD  

Cancer.gov

CTEP-AERS vs. AdEERS Training Supplement CTEP-AERS Training Site: https://betapps-ctep.nci.nih.gov/ctepaers/public/login CTEP-AERS Production Site: https://eapps-ctep.nci.nih.gov/ctepaers CTEP Website - CTEP-AERS Page: http://ctep.cancer.gov/protocolDevelopment/electronic_applications/adverse_events.htm

432

[Reinventing specialty training of physicians? Principles and challenges].  

PubMed

In a world undergoing constant change, in the era of globalisation, the training of medical professionals should be under constant review so that it can be tailored to meet the needs of this society in transition. This is all the more true at times of economic uncertainty, such as the current conditions, which have a direct impact on health services. Professionals need new Competencies for new times. Over the last decade initiatives have emerged in various Anglo-Saxon countries which have defined a framework of basic Competencies that all medical specialists should demonstrate in their professional practice. In addition to this, we must respond to the creation of the European Higher Education Area which has implications for specialised training. In Spain, training for medical specialists was in need of an overhaul and the recently passed law (Real Decreto 183/2008) will allow us to move forward and implement, in medical education, initiatives and innovations required in our medical centres, to respond to the new society and bring us in line with international professional education and practice. The way forward is a Competency-based model for medical education with assessment of these Competencies using simple instruments, validated and accepted by all the stakeholders. The institutions involved (hospitals, medical centres and other health care services) should trial different approaches within the general framework established by the current legislation and be conscious of the duty they have to society as accredited training organisations. Accordingly, they should consolidate their teaching and learning structures and the various different educational roles (Director of Studies, Tutors, and other teaching positions), showing the leadership necessary to allow proper implementation of their training programmes. For this, the Spanish Autonomous Regions must develop their own legislation regulating Medical Specialty Training. So, medical professionals should receive training, based on ethical values, behaviours and attitudes that considers humanistic, scientific and technical factors, developing an understanding of the scientific method; ability to put it into practice; skills to manage complexity and uncertainty; a command of scientific, technical and IT terminology to facilitate independent learning; and a capacity for initiative and teamwork, as well as skills for dealing with people and for making an effective, democratic contribution both within health organisations and in the wider society. PMID:21113208

Morán-Barrios, J; Ruiz de Gauna Bahillo, P

2010-01-01

433

Effective training methodology  

SciTech Connect

Training has become an important part of facility operation in the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Ongoing changes in DOE requirements dictate that facilities must react to those changes promptly and effectively. This paper presents training techniques particularly suited to training adults, as contrasted with the educational process that most of the authors are familiar with as a result of their primary, secondary and perhaps college educations. DOE has established the Central Training Academy in Albuquerque for the purpose of providing specialized training to persons throughout the complex. However, much of the training for facility operating personnel must necessarily be conducted at those facilities, either by dedicated trainers or by persons who conduct training as a part-time activity. Techniques outlined in this paper should be of particular interest to persons involved in training at DOE facilities. Training should be designed with recognition that adults have real life experiences, which they often like to share; they also like to actively participate in the learning process. Participatory lecture, demonstration and practical exercise instructional methods are particularly suited to training of adults. Proper questioning techniques can be used to increase involvement and to obtain the feedback required to determine if learning has taken place. Setup of the room used for training and properly designed training aids can enhance the learning experience. Finally, testing should be used at the proper time and should always be designed around training objectives.

Crain, B. Jr. [Science Applications International Corp., Aiken, SC (United States)

1995-12-31

434

Vernier Training Workshops  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Vernier sponsors a number of free workshops for physics teachers nationwide for training with their data-collection and hands-on technology. The opportunities are located in a variety of cities, online training, videos, or personalized professional development.

2004-11-28

435

Training European Trade Unionists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of trade union education in Germany, Italy, Sweden, and the United Kingdom finds training is being adapted to meet new political and economic conditions. Significant national differences appeared in terms of legislation, funding, training, and accreditation. (SK)

Miller, Doug; Stirling, John

1998-01-01

436

Biofeedback Training as Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encourages professionals in helping relationships to explore and experience biofeedback training for voluntary self-regulation. A sample biofeedback training program is described. Observations of participants in biofeedback programs are presented. (Author/BW)

Danskin, David G.; Walters, E. Dale

1975-01-01

437

Crew Strength Training  

NASA Video Gallery

Train to develop your upper and lower body strength in your muscles and bones by performing body-weight squats and push-ups.The Train Like an Astronaut project uses the excitement of exploration to...

438

Urinary Incontinence: Bladder Training  

MedlinePLUS

... a schedule that works for you. Keep in mind that bladder training can take 3 to 12 weeks. During your training program, your doctor may have you keep track of the number of urine leaks you have each day. This ...

439

Genetic Counseling Training  

MedlinePLUS

Genetic Counseling Training Find out the answers the questions you may have about becoming a genetic counselor with these Frequently Asked ... Graduate School Simulated Genetic Counseling Sessions Genetic Counseling Training Programs Applying Interviewing Acceptance Learn More about Genetic ...

440

Expedition 34 Final Training  

NASA Video Gallery

The Expedition 34 crew members conduct final training at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center before their Dec. 19 launch to the International Space Station. Flight Engineers Chris Hadfield, Roman...

441

Importance of Gait Training  

MedlinePLUS

... all lower-limb amputees will bene?t from gait training at some point in their recovery to help ... the supervision of a physical therapist, the initial training is provided by the prosthetist as part of ...

442

2011 -2012 GRADUATE TRAINING  

E-print Network

2011 - 2012 GRADUATE TRAINING IN CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Digitonin fragmented endoplasmic. The faculty has a record of success in research and graduate and postgraduate training in cell and molecular

Jenny, Andreas

443

Surviving Toilet Training  

MedlinePLUS

... Training Workforce Systemwide Systemwide Home Assessment Courts Cultural Competence Domestic Violence Immigration and Child Welfare Laws & Policies ... System reform Training Workforce Systemwide Assessment Courts Cultural competence Domestic violence Immigration and Child Welfare Laws & policies ...

444

Effect of combined cognitive-behavioural therapy and endurance training on cortisol and salivary alpha-amylase in panic disorder.  

PubMed

Current data point to an alteration of both the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-system and the peripheral transmission of catecholamines in anxiety disorders. There is also some evidence for the effect of several components of cognitive-behavioural interventions such as coping and control and for an effect of exercise training on the neuroendocrine stress response in healthy subjects as well as patients suffering from distinct (mental) disorders. This double-blind, controlled study investigated the effect of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in combination with either high-level endurance training or low-level exercise on salivary cortisol (sC) and on levels of salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) in patients suffering from panic disorder (PD) with and without agoraphobia. In comparison to the low-level exercise condition, there were significantly lower sC-levels in the experimental group performing high-level endurance training at a 7-month follow-up. In contrast, there were no group differences in sAA levels during the study period. In this trial, we found evidence for a decelerated effect of endurance-training on HPA-system's functioning in PD. Further studies addressing the alteration of sAA levels in this population might investigate physical exercise different in intensity and duration. PMID:25085607

Plag, Jens; Gaudlitz, Katharina; Schumacher, Sarah; Dimeo, Fernando; Bobbert, Thomas; Kirschbaum, Clemens; Ströhle, Andreas

2014-11-01

445

Train-the-Trainer Program Pesticide Safety Training for  

E-print Network

Train-the-Trainer Program Pesticide Safety Training for Fieldworkers and Pesticide Handlers Two classes are being offered in Coalinga, CA West complete this training will become certified to provide pesticide safety training

Ishida, Yuko

446

Athletic Training Education Program Bachelor of Science in Athletic Training  

E-print Network

Athletic Training Education Program Bachelor of Science in Athletic Training Department of Kinesiology Athletic training is a health care profession practiced by athletic trainers who collaborate with physicians to optimize activity and participation of patients and clients. Athletic training includes

Saldin, Dilano

447

Training for Animal Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Laboratory Animal Welfare Act of 1985 mandates training for a wide spectrum of individuals. A profile of each group of individuals requiring training is presented. These groups include students, animal caretakers, research and animal technicians, investigators, and principal investigators. An educational profile is provided for each group. Their educational needs are described, with examples of available training materials. This

Jean Larson

1988-01-01

448

Communication training for professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the recognition that the quality of communication by clinicians with patients can be influenced by training, a number of approaches to such training have been described in the literature. Some of these different models for communication training are described in this discussion paper, and the reader is challenged to consider the importance of attending to both skills and attitudes

Eoin Tiernan

2003-01-01

449

Foal imprint training  

E-print Network

"Foal imprint training" is widely used in the horse industry. Because the training sessions occur during the period when a foal is "imprinting on its dam", it is assumed the foal will be easier to handle and train later in life. There have been...

Williams, Jennifer Lee

2012-06-07

450

Strategic Issues for Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes 21 short articles on a variety of subjects: Internet for management development, lifelong learning in virtual universities, high performance organizations, National Vocational Qualifications, cost effectiveness and training effectiveness, mind maps, Generation X training, Japanese vocational training, management development in Libya, and…

Pollitt, David, Ed.

1998-01-01

451

Apprenticeship Training: Gasfitter Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents information about the apprenticeship training program of Alberta, Canada, in general and the gasfitter program in particular. The first part of the document discusses the following items: Alberta's apprenticeship and industry training system; the apprenticeship and industry training committee structure; local apprenticeship…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

452

Employment and Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the effectiveness of employment and training programs in Minnesota and discusses the impact of the 1985 Jobs Bill state legislation. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to Minnesota's programs and to studies of employment and training programs conducted nationwide. Chapter 2 studies the use of Job Training Partnership Act funds…

Minnesota State Office of the Legislative Auditor, St. Paul. Program Evaluation Div.

453

TRAINING IN INDUSTRY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS CHAPTER IN A LARGER WORK ON INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY DEALS LARGELY WITH THE NEED TO SPECIFY TRAINING OBJECTIVES THROUGH JOB ANALYSIS, USES OF TESTING IN TRAINEE SELECTION, TRAINING VARIABLES AND LEARNING PROCESSES, TRAINING TECHNOLOGY (MAINLY THE CHARACTERISTICS OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION), THE EVALUATION OF PROFICIENCY, THE VALUE OF…

GLASER, ROBERT

454

Training Alaska Pipeline Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Government, unions, and employers in Alaska are walking a thin line between training enough pipeline workers to meet current demands, and training too many for jobs that may not exist four or five years from now. The article surveys training programs which stress job opportunities for the State's natives. (Author/AJ)

Grace, Michael

1975-01-01

455

Citizenship Rights Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this training manual is to encourage citizenship training for individuals with developmental disabilities when such training is indicated. It is intended to be used by interdisciplinary teams and trainers throughout the service delivery system. The manual begins by outlining a philosophy of service delivery, listing some of the basic…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Human Services, Oklahoma City. Developmental Disabilities Services Div.

456

Cabinetmaker Program. Apprenticeship Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents information about the apprenticeship training program of Alberta, Canada, in general and the cabinetmaking program in particular. The first part of the document discusses the following items: Alberta's apprenticeship and industry training system; the apprenticeship and industry training committee structure; local…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

457

Women's Job Training Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Coalition on Women and Job Training has developed a women's job training agenda that focuses on nine issues related to women's full participation in training and achievement of economic self-sufficiency. The issues highlighted in the agenda are as follows: (1) the need to make long-term economic self-sufficiency the goal of all employment and…

Women Work! The National Network for Women's Employment, Washington, DC.

458

Human Factors in Training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future space missions will be significantly longer than current shuttle missions and new systems will be more complex than current systems. Increasing communication delays between crews and Earth-based support means that astronauts need to be prepared to handle the unexpected on their own. As crews become more autonomous, their potential span of control and required expertise must grow to match their autonomy. It is not possible to train for every eventuality ahead of time on the ground, or to maintain trained skills across long intervals of disuse. To adequately prepare NASA personnel for these challenges, new training approaches, methodologies, and tools are required. This research project aims at developing these training capabilities. By researching established training principles, examining future needs, and by using current practices in space flight training as test beds, both in Flight Controller and Crew Medical domains, this research project is mitigating program risks and generating templates and requirements to meet future training needs. Training efforts in Fiscal Year 08 (FY08) strongly focused on crew medical training, but also began exploring how Space Flight Resource Management training for Mission Operations Directorate (MOD) Flight Controllers could be integrated with systems training for optimal Mission Control Center (MCC) operations. The Training Task addresses Program risks that lie at the intersection of the following three risks identified by the Project: (1) Risk associated with poor task design (2) Risk of error due to inadequate information (3) Risk associated with reduced safety and efficiency due to poor human factors design

Barshi, Immanuel; Byrne, Vicky; Arsintescu, Lucia; Connell, Erin; Sandor, Aniko

2009-01-01

459

Human Factors in Training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future space missions will be significantly longer than current shuttle missions and new systems will be more complex than current systems. Increasing communication delays between crews and Earth-based support means that astronauts need to be prepared to handle the unexpected on their own. As crews become more autonomous, their potential span of control and required expertise must grow to match their autonomy. It is not possible to train for every eventuality ahead of time on the ground, or to maintain trained skills across long intervals of disuse. To adequately prepare NASA personnel for these challenges, new training approaches, methodologies, and tools are required. This research project aims at developing these training capabilities. By researching established training principles, examining future needs, and by using current practices in space flight training as test beds, both in Flight Controller and Crew Medical domains, this research project is mitigating program risks and generating templates and requirements to meet future training needs. Training efforts in Fiscal Year 09 (FY09) strongly focused on crew medical training, but also began exploring how Space Flight Resource Management training for Mission Operations Directorate (MOD) Flight Controllers could be integrated with systems training for optimal Mission Control Center (MCC) operations. The Training Task addresses Program risks that lie at the intersection of the following three risks identified by the Project: 1) Risk associated with poor task design; 2) Risk of error due to inadequate information; and 3) Risk associated with reduced safety and efficiency due to poor human factors design.

Barshi, Immanuel; Byrne, Vicky; Arsintescu, Lucia; Connell, Erin

2010-01-01

460

Training and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some philosophers of education think that there is a pedagogically informative concept of training that can be gleaned from Wittgenstein's later writings: training as initiation into a form of life. Stickney, in "Training and Mastery of Techniques in Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy: A response to Michael Luntley" takes me to task for ignoring this…

Luntley, Michael

2008-01-01

461

Interactively Training Pixel Classifiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

For typical classification tasks, all training data are preparedin advance and are supplied to the classifier all at once. This is unnecessarilyexpensive and incurs overfitting problems, since the individual contributionsof the training instances to the classifier are not known. We address thisby proposing an interactive incremental framework for image classifier construction,where small numbers of training examples are supplied at eachuser

Justus H. Piater; Edward M. Riseman; Paul E. Utgoff

1999-01-01

462

Training for Mass Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on papers and discussions of training experts at the UNESCO Seminar on Instructional Training Techniques for Broadcasters held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in June, 1973, this report surveys in general terms the present situation of communications training, pinpoints deficiencies, and identifies potential trends. This is followed by other…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

463

SEER-Medicare Training  

Cancer.gov

NCI periodically offers SEER-Medicare training for researchers interested in learning more about these data. Information about upcoming training workshops will be posted as available on the SEER-Medicare home page under "Items of Interest". Copies of the slides from the training sessions can be obtained upon request.

464

TRAINING FOR INFORMATION  

E-print Network

June 1998 TRAINING FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY: EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF RESULTS-BASED LEARNING The basic principles of results-based training for information technology (IT) security were discussed in our April 1998 bulletin, Training Require- ments for Information Technology Security

465

Hazardous Waste Management Training  

E-print Network

Hazardous Waste Management Training Persons (including faculty, staff and students) working with hazardous materials should receive annual training that addresses storage, use, and disposal of hazardous before handling hazardous waste. Departments are re- quired to keep records of training for as long

Dai, Pengcheng

466

CAPITAL ASSET DOCUMENT TRAINING  

E-print Network

KUALI CAPITAL ASSET MANAGEMENT DOCUMENT TRAINING Business and Financial Services, Property Management Presented by: Rachel Drenth #12;Sign On to the Training Site · CSU CAP (Campus Administration://padroni.is.colostate.edu:7778/portal/page/portal/CAPQA (THEN CHOOSE QUAL 2) · Non-production Applications: Training Kuali

467

Assessments A Training Manual  

E-print Network

Modern Industrial Assessments A Training Manual Version 2.0 Sponsored by: Produced by: Dr. Michael. Modern Industrial Assessments: A Training Manual, grew from the desires of the United States Department conservation and waste minimization / pollution prevention training courses and information agencies sponsored

468

Training, sharing, finding applications  

E-print Network

Training, sharing, finding applications Cataloguing ant species, Santo expedition, Vanuatu #12 of its mission is to meet the scientific training needs of its Southern partners. The Institute has long Master's grants, 20 in-service training grants and 25 scientific exchange grants. With this system

469

free training paid internships  

E-print Network

free training paid internships academic credit how to grow security? computer students professors should: - Be a sophomore or junior - Have a partner professor - Attend training June 21-July 1, 2011 in computer security during the 2011- 2012 academic year 2011Secure Information Systems Mentoring and Training

470

Training and Organizational Development  

E-print Network

Training and Organizational Development Contacts: Ellen Audley Customer Support, (970) 491.Benedetti@ColoState.EDU Page 1 of 2 This office coordinates training and development opportunities for personal-professional staff and state classi- fied personnel. Customized training and organizational development consulting

Rutledge, Steven

471

Training and Development  

E-print Network

December 2013 Workshops University Center for Training and Development Monday, December 2 Business Intelligence Report Training. 10 ­ 11 am in LN-G112. An introduction to the Business Intelligence reporting Banner. #12;December 2013 Workshops University Center for Training and Development Monday, December 9 BU

Suzuki, Masatsugu

472

SEDONA Training USING SEDONA  

E-print Network

SEDONA Training USING SEDONA SEDONA is a self-service, Web-enabled database application will get an email from SEDONA with a new temporary password. #12;SEDONA Training View the Demo "login." (A dummy Member ID and password have already been entered for you.) SEDONA TRAINING To Do First

473

Training the Physician Investigators  

E-print Network

Training the Physician Investigators of Tomorrow Cleveland ClinicLernerCollegeof Medicine of Case that will set new standards for the training of physician investigators through innovative approaches and the training to successfully pursue a career as a physician investigator. On behalf of the faculty and staff

Rollins, Andrew M.

474

DEVELOPMENT TRAINING POLICY  

E-print Network

1 INTERIM EMPLOYEE DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING POLICY Corporate and Strategic Human Capital DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING POLICY Section 1. Purpose Section 2. Coverage Section 3. Legal Authority and Definitions Section 4. Policy Section 5. Determining Needs and Establishing Training and Development Plans

475

NUFinancials Training Guide  

E-print Network

NUFinancials Training Guide General Navigation in NUFinancials revised 3/27/2012 © 2012. http://cafe.northwestern.edu/security/ Additional Resources Visit the Project Café training website for additional resources http://cafe.northwestern.edu/training/. Where to get help? For assistance, contact NUIT

Shull, Kenneth R.

476

Training Tools Acquisition  

E-print Network

Hardware Training Tools Data Acquisition I/O Cards Development Tools Pic Tutor Software CAD the CPU to "read from the 8255A. Page 1 of 18Engineering and Training Tools 4/11/2011http and Training Tools 4/11/2011http://www.advancedmsinc.com/iocards/8255.htm #12;Figure 3. 8255 A Block Diagram

Lin, Liwei

477

Doctoral Training and Working  

E-print Network

Doctoral Training and Working Conditions in the Max-Planck Society and with contributions from of the working conditions and the satisfaction of MPS PhD students with respect to their training and financial analysis of the third sur- vey, assessing the training and working conditions of a representative sample

478

NUFinancials Training Guide  

E-print Network

NUFinancials Purchasing Training Guide NonCatalogSpecialRequisitionReceiveByDollar Amount Last Training Guide NonCatalogSpecialRequisitionReceiveByDollar Amount Last Updated 11/13/2012 - lks © 2012 Training Guide NonCatalogSpecialRequisitionReceiveByDollar Amount Last Updated 11/13/2012 - lks © 2012

Shull, Kenneth R.

479

Fellowship Training Division of  

E-print Network

Fellowship Training Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism University of Rochester School of an academic institution is to teach and train the next generation of doctors and researchers. While many programs train doctors to take care of endocrinology patients, The Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Goldman, Steven A.

480

NUFinancials Training Guide  

E-print Network

NUFinancials Purchasing Training Guide EnterChartStringsScenarios Last Updated 11/12/2012 - lks also find account codes by description. #12;NUFinancials Purchasing Training Guide EnterProcurement > Create Requsition > Non-catalog > 3. Review and Submit. #12;NUFinancials Purchasing Training Guide Enter

Shull, Kenneth R.

481

Training within and without  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the work and training programmes of Dürr, a worldwide supplier of paint plants to the automotive industry. Describes how training is organized at the Dürr Technical Centre in Germany and how both off-the-job and on-site training programmes can be developed. Explains that Dürr is working towards developing its own NVQs.

Paul Anderson

1996-01-01

482

Abramovo Counterterrorism Training Center  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. government has been assisting the Russian Federation (RF) Ministry of Defense (MOD) for many years with nuclear weapons transportation security (NWTS) through the provision of specialized guard escort railcars and cargo railcars with integrated physical security and communication systems, armored transport vehicles, and armored escort vehicles. As a natural continuation of the NWTS program, a partnership has been formed to construct a training center that will provide counterterrorism training to personnel in all branches of the RF MOD. The Abramovo Counterterrorism Training Center (ACTC) is a multinational, multiagency project with funding from Canada, RF and the U.S. Departments of Defense and Energy. ACTC will be a facility where MOD personnel can conduct basic through advanced training in various security measures to protect Category IA material against the threat of terrorist attack. The training will enhance defense-in-depth principles by integrating MOD guard force personnel into the overall physical protection systems and improving their overall response time and neutralization capabilities. The ACTC project includes infrastructure improvements, renovation of existing buildings, construction of new buildings, construction of new training facilities, and provision of training and other equipment. Classroom training will be conducted in a renovated training building. Basic and intermediate training will be conducted on three different security training areas where various obstacles and static training devices will be constructed. The central element of ACTC, where advanced training will be held, is the 'autodrome,' a 3 km road along which various terrorist events can be staged to challenge MOD personnel in realistic and dynamic nuclear weapons transportation scenarios. This paper will address the ACTC project elements and the vision for training development and integrating this training into actual nuclear weapons transportation operations.

Hayes, Christopher M [ORNL; Ross, Larry [U.S. Department of Energy; Lingenfelter, Forrest E [ORNL; Sokolnikov, Pavel I [ORNL; Kaldenbach, Karen Yvonne [ORNL; Estigneev, Yuri [Eleron; Murievav, Andrey [Eleron

2011-01-01

483

Training Evaluation Overfitting Optimising Data Usage Summary Training and Testing  

E-print Network

Training Evaluation Overfitting Optimising Data Usage Summary Lecture 2 Training and Testing University of Amsterdam #12;Training Evaluation Overfitting Optimising Data Usage Summary 1 Training k-validation 5 Summary #12;Training Evaluation Overfitting Optimising Data Usage Summary 1 Training k

Englebienne, Gwenn

484

Radiological worker training  

SciTech Connect

This Handbook describes an implementation process for core training as recommended in Implementation Guide G441.12, Radiation Safety Training, and as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control Standard (RCS). The Handbook is meant to assist those individuals within the Department of Energy, Managing and Operating contractors, and Managing and Integrating contractors identified as having responsibility for implementing core training recommended by the RCS. This training is intended for radiological workers to assist in meeting their job-specific training requirements of 10 CFR 835. While this Handbook addresses many requirements of 10 CFR 835 Subpart J, it must be supplemented with facility-specific information to achieve full compliance.

NONE

1998-10-01

485

Nutrition Training and Funding Opportunities  

Cancer.gov

Nutrition Training and Funding Opportunities NIH Research Training & Research Career Development http://grants.nih.gov/training/index.htm Research and training opportunities at NIH, range from summer programs for high school students through employment

486

Position Management Training for HCM  

E-print Network

Position Management Training for HCM Training Guide Created 12/14/2012 #12;COPYRIGHT & TRADEMARKS, and Berkeley. #12;Training Guide Page iii Table of Contents POSITION MANAGEMENT TRAINING FOR HCM .......................................................... 1 UNDERSTANDING POSITION MANAGEMENT

Sanders, Seth

487

Human Factors in Training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future space missions will be significantly longer than current Shuttle missions and new systems will be more complex than current systems. Increasing communication delays between crews and Earth-based support means that astronauts need to be prepared to handle the unexpected on their own. As crews become more autonomous, their potential span of control and required expertise must grow to match their autonomy. It is not possible to train for every eventuality ahead of time on the ground, or to maintain trained skills across long intervals of disuse. To adequately prepare NASA personnel for these challenges, new training approaches, methodologies, and tools are required. This research project aims at developing these training capabilities. Training efforts in FY07 strongly focused on crew medical training, but also began exploring how Space Flight Resource Management training for Mission Operations Directorate (MOD) Flight Controllers could be integrated with systems training for optimal Mission Control Center operations. Beginning in January 2008, the training research effort will include team training prototypes and tools. The Training Task addresses Program risks that lie at the intersection of the following three risks identified by the Project: 1) Risk associated with poor task design; 2) Risk of error due to inadequate information; 3) Risk associated with reduced safety and efficiency due to poor human factors design.

Barshi, Immanuel; Byme, Vicky; Arsintescu, Lucia

2008-01-01

488

Adult & Child Training Center Training and Consultation  

E-print Network

in television news, radio and media spanned 28 years. Kim has presented on mental illness recovery at colleges Training Center Coordinator. She has over 40 years of experience providing services to addictions

Zhou, Yaoqi

489

Rules and Policies 1. Training  

E-print Network

Rules and Policies 1. Training Training is scheduled through facility personnel only. A training request form must be filled out and submitted to Beverly Ostrowski. All users must be trained by facility personnel. No outside training is allowed. Anyone training other users or allowing untrained users to use

Minnesota, University of

490

Rules and Policies 1. Training  

E-print Network

Rules and Policies 1. Training Training is scheduled through facility personnel only. A training request form must be filled out and submitted to Dr. Beverly Ostrowski. All users must be trained by facility personnel. No outside training is allowed. Anyone training other users or allowing untrained users

Minnesota, University of

491

Environmental Health and Safety's Laboratory Safety Trainings Title of Training Description Required Training  

E-print Network

Environmental Health and Safety's Laboratory Safety Trainings Title of Training Description Required Training if: Refresher Training is Required Access to Training Contact Info: General Laboratory Safety (Includes Fire Safety, Hazardous Waste and Right to Know) This training is an overview of general

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

492

Improving police officer training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of procedures whereby police agencies can develop a training program which will most accurately\\u000a fulfill the agency's needs, and also a technique to accurarely assess the trainee's progress in the training program. The\\u000a Critical Incidem Job Analysis technique was used to develop the training program, and an assessment center procedure was described\\u000a for the purpose

Wayman C. Mullins

1985-01-01

493

TIME & LABOR TRAINING MANUAL  

E-print Network

1 TIME & LABOR TRAINING MANUAL TIME APPROVAL /2013 #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS TIME APPROVAL - THINGS TO REMEMBER ..................................................................... 3 TIME APPROVAL - QUICK GUIDE

Barrash, Warren

494

Correctional Training. Institution Familiarization. Part II: The Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist training coordinators in the initial institution familiarization training for new employees in correctional institutions, this manual consists of two documents: a training coordinator's guide (Part I - CE 017 285) and this document, the training program (Part II). Four training areas are treated: (1) an introduction consisting…

Bureau of Prisons (Dept. of Justice), Washington, DC.

495

BGSU BLACKBOARD TRAINING TUTORIAL BGSU Blackboard Training 2  

E-print Network

BGSU BLACKBOARD TRAINING TUTORIAL #12;BGSU Blackboard Training 2 T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S 1 BGSU Blackboard Training 3 #12;BGSU Blackboard Training 4 Adding An Item ­ Used to upload different Course BGSU Blackboard Training 5 #12;Once you are done adding your questions to the Test Canvas, click

Moore, Paul A.

496

N Pre-training Training Testing Spontaneous opening 16 4  

E-print Network

N Pre-training Training Testing Spontaneous opening 16 4 Condition Control 4 0 1* 0 Tutored 4 0 3 3. The present report describes a laboratory study of the role of exposure either to trained birds to the height of the tub to provide a perch. Chickadees were pre-trained, trained and tested individ- ually

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

497

Training Opportunities! Jump, Jive, or Dive into June Training!  

E-print Network

Training Opportunities! Jump, Jive, or Dive into June Training! June 2013 June 2013 Skillsoft Training Training Services, in collaboration with OSU's IT department, is proud to announce the availability of Skillsoft online courses. Courses available include online computer software training, health

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

498

49 CFR 236.566 - Locomotive of each train operating in train stop, train control or cab signal territory; equipped.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REPAIR OF SIGNAL AND TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES Automatic Train Stop, Train Control and Cab Signal Systems Rules...of each train operating in automatic train stop, train control, or cab signal territory...

2010-10-01

499

Outsourcing of Training  

SciTech Connect

Several lessons are covered that has been learned at Fluor Daniel Hanford during their outsourcing effort. We have overcome problems because of our joint commitment to success. We continue to work our way through issues as they arise. On the positive side, several good things have happened as a result of outsourcing. Our training provider (EXITECH) has proven to be very responsive to our many different customers. We have been able to establish and support a 6-month training schedule for the first time. This has allowed the different facilities who send workers to training with more flexibility in planning their workers' time away from their jobs. In addition to the master training schedule, each facility on the Hanford Site has its own special or emergent training needs, and EXITECH has been very responsive in meeting these individual facilities' needs. Student and supervisor feedback on the quality and effectiveness of environmental, safety and health training provided by EXITECH has been very positive. Worker and supervisor feedback indicates the ''hands-on'' training serves their needs, and focuses on what they need to know to be able to perform work safely and efficiently. EXITECH strives very hard at presenting training so students can become successful in their training efforts. The workforce has noticed EXITECH's training philosophy is based on shared success with the trainee, not failure. Along the way, FDH has saved money as a result of this outsourcing. During our first year of the contract, we estimated a $400,000 savings. The decision as to outsource training is likely the most important you will make for your organization. In our situation, it fit the business goals we had established in our bid for the Hanford contract. However, if we were to begin again, we would factor some of the valuable lessons learned experienced during the first 16 months of our current outsourcing.

GAMIN, J.E.

1999-06-17

500

Altitude and endurance training.  

PubMed

The benefits of living and training at altitude (HiHi) for an improved altitude performance of athletes are clear, but controlled studies for an improved sea-level performance are controversial. The reasons for not having a positive effect of HiHi include: (1) the acclimatization effect may have been insufficient for elite athletes to stimulate an increase in red cell mass/haemoglobin mass because of too low an altitude (< 2000-2200 m) and/or too short an altitude training period (<3-4 weeks); (2) the training effect at altitude may have been compromised due to insufficient training stimuli for enhancing the function of the neuromuscular and cardiovascular systems; and (3) enhanced stress with possible overtraining symptoms and an increased frequency