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1

Origins of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the theories and social factors that contributed to the development of competency-based training (CBT). These include behaviorism (Edward L. Thorndike), scientific management (Frederick Taylor), progressive education (John Dewey), and derivative theories including operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), objectives-based…

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

2

Implementation of Innovations in Higher Education: The Case of Competency-Based Training in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A notable trend in recent years has been the introduction of competency-based training (CBT) in vocational education and training systems in many countries. Several CBT training programmes in Ghana have been accredited and quality assured. This article explores the perception of both students and lecturers towards CBT and examines factors that…

Boahin, Peter; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2012-01-01

3

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

4

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

5

Competency Based Training. NCVER Research Forum (Adelaide, Australia, November 10, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication reports on a forum on competency based training (CBT) research in Australia. Section 1 contains biographies of presenters and panel members. Section 2 presents an overview of the research and highlights key findings. Summaries follow of each of the five key projects. "The CBT Decade: Teaching for Flexibility and Adaptability"…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).

6

Competency-based training for patient handling  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technique-training approach has traditionally been used to address the problem of back pain associated with patient handling. This project aimed to investigate whether different levels of safety culture, based on competency-based training, resulted in different behaviour (physical and cognitive) for patient handling tasks. Sixteen healthcare organisations in the UK participated from the acute and primary healthcare sectors. Archival data

Sue Hignett; Emma Crumpton

2007-01-01

7

A Review of Twenty Years of Competency-Based Training in the Australian Vocational Education and Training System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, the author reflects, both as an academic researcher and as a senior practitioner, on the experience of competency-based training (CBT) in the Australian vocational education and training system. She seeks to draw conclusions about the Australian experience using a typology drawn from the academic literature which focuses on the…

Smith, Erica

2010-01-01

8

Competence and Competency-based Training: What the Literature Says  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review, commissioned by the National Quality Council, provides a historical account of the development of competency-based training in Australia and summarises the issues arising from the range of reviews conducted on elements of the national training system. It also explores the variety of ways in which competence is conceived…

Guthrie, Hugh

2009-01-01

9

Task Analysis and Competency Based Training: The Elgin Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From July, 1974 to June, 1977, a federally funded project to develop a competency based training program for human service workers was run at Elgin Mental Health Center, a 750-bed inpatient, state psychiatric facility. During the course of the project, over 500 discrete tasks were identified which such workers perform. Tasks were grouped into…

Mehr, Joseph

10

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Firefighter Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum, developed by firefighters and educators in West Virginia, is designed for use as a resource for the development of improved firefighter training programs. It consists of an introductory note to the instructor and 140 competency sheets. These sheets deal with tasks in the following areas: general…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

11

Assessing Competency-Based Education and Training: A Literature Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A literature review examined what aspects of performance should be assessed, what methods are appropriate, whether competency-based assessments should be graded, whether assessments should be done in the workplace or training institutions, and whose responsibility they are. Competence should be very broadly defined as both technical skills and as…

Toohey, Susan; And Others

1995-01-01

12

Field-Oriented Competency-Based Training in School Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Project ROME-FOCUS (results-oriented management in education--field-oriented, competency utilization system) is a field-oriented, competency-based instructional program for school administrators pursuing the sixth-year degree at Valdosta State College. It represents an effort to develop and execute a training program that focuses on a group of 80…

Licata, Joseph W.; Wilson, Charles M.

13

Training addiction counselors to implement CBT for depression  

PubMed Central

Many clients in publicly funded substance abuse treatment programs suffer from depression yet lack access to effective mental health treatment. This study sought to examine whether addiction counselors could be effectively trained to deliver group CBT for depression and to ascertain client perceptions of the treatment. Five counselors were trained in the therapy and treated 113 clients with depression symptoms. Counselors demonstrated high fidelity to the therapy and client perceptions of the therapy were positive. Our results suggest that training addiction counselors to deliver group CBT for depression is a promising integrated treatment approach for co-occurring depression and substance disorders.

Hepner, Kimberly A.; Hunter, Sarah B.; Paddock, Susan M.; Zhou, Annie; Watkins, Katherine E.

2011-01-01

14

Training Addiction Counselors to Implement CBT for Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many clients in publicly funded substance abuse treatment programs suffer from depression yet lack access to effective mental\\u000a health treatment. This study sought to examine whether addiction counselors could be effectively trained to deliver group\\u000a CBT for depression and to ascertain client perceptions of the treatment. Five counselors were trained in the therapy and treated\\u000a 113 clients with depression symptoms.

Kimberly A. HepnerSarah; Sarah B. Hunter; Susan M. Paddock; Annie J. Zhou; Katherine E. Watkins

2011-01-01

15

Locating the Fault Line: The Intersection of Internationalisation and Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper argues that the Tertiary and Further Education system in Australia has responded to globalisation in two paradoxical ways; the pro-active response of internationalisation and the reactive response of competency-based training. Competency-based training currently has a strangle hold on the TAFE sector and education has become a process…

McKay, Heather

2004-01-01

16

Competence-Based Education and Training--About Frequently Asked Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article follows the author's previous piece on practical guidelines for the development of comprehensive competence-based education and training (Mulder, 2012). It is about the questions that have been and are still frequently asked in presentations, workshops and classes about the introduction of competence-based education. Here, the author…

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

17

Competency-Based Training: Adapting to Warfighter Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Historically USAF Combat Air Forces (CAF) aircrews have trained under an event-based system, maintaining Combat Mission Ready status by accomplishing specified numbers of sortie types and events during the annual training cycle. Advances in training analy...

C. M. Colegrove W. Bennett

2006-01-01

18

Blended Delivery Strategies for Competency-Based Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

With employees located across a wide geographical area, the ability of organizations to provide equitable training programs is costly. Travel funds, enabling employees to attend on-site training events, can be severely limited or even nonexistent. Compounding the problem is the simple fact that travel to a central training location frequently results in longer workdays for employees, causing increased compensation expenses

Elwood F. Holton; Mary Leah Coco; Janis L. Lowe; Jacqueline V. Dutsch

2006-01-01

19

The Australian Way: Competency-Based Training in the Corporate Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examples from road construction, mining, and other Australian industries show that the corporate sector has responded slowly to the introduction of a national framework for competency-based training. As industry bears more of the costs of training, it has yet to see returns in terms of productivity gains. (SK)|

Kellie, Deborah

1999-01-01

20

Competency-based evaluation tools for integrative medicine training in family medicine residency: a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: As more integrative medicine educational content is integrated into conventional family medicine teaching, the need for effective evaluation strategies grows. Through the Integrative Family Medicine program, a six site pilot program of a four year residency training model combining integrative medicine and family medicine training, we have developed and tested a set of competency-based evaluation tools to assess residents'

Benjamin Kligler; Mary Koithan; Victoria Maizes; Meg Hayes; Craig Schneider; Patricia Lebensohn; Susan Hadley

2007-01-01

21

Competency-Based Training: Objective Structured Clinical Exercises (OSCE) in Marriage and Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The field of marriage and family therapy (MFT) has recently engaged in the process of defining core competencies for the profession. Many MFT training programs are adapting their curriculum to develop more competency-based training strategies. The Objective Structured Clinical "Examination" (OSCE) is widely used in the medical profession to…

Miller, John K.

2010-01-01

22

A competency-based parent training program for child abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluated an intervention program for child abusers using multiple outcome criteria and extended follow-up. 16 families were given the Parent–Child Interaction Form and the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory and were assigned to either treatment or control groups. All families were supervised by protective services, and none had requested help voluntarily. A treatment program involving group parent training in the clinic

David A. Wolfe; Jack Sandler; Keith Kaufman

1981-01-01

23

Relationship between Competence-Based Education and Student Reflection on Practice: A UK Case Study of Initial Teacher Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Use of a competency-based framework for initial teacher training in Britain was studied in one institution. Students felt that both competency-based training and reflection on practice generated self-assessment and monitoring. However, time pressures in implementing competence frameworks sometimes limited opportunities for reflection. (SK)|

Burchell, Helen; Westmoreland, Susan

1999-01-01

24

Correctional Officers' Perceptions of the Competency-Based Counseling Training Program in TaiwanA Preliminary Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this exploratory study are to present a model of the competency-based counseling training program with correctional officers in Taiwan and highlight findings from a qualitative exploration. Grounded theory procedures are used to explore 23 correctional officers' perceptions of the training program. This training program results in positive feelings about the significant learning experience, greater theoretical knowledge, and

Peter Jen Der Pan; Shih-Hua Chang; Chi-Wei Lin

2007-01-01

25

[Competency-based training and work world: from grading to employability].  

PubMed

Considered as an element of business discourse, the competence-based education emerges associated with processes of productive restructuring influencing the economy since 1970. These processes arise as a consequence of the crisis of the accumulation model based on mass production and consumption following the principles of taylorism and fordism. In the last decades, the State has been unable to solve the periodic crisis that afflicts late capitalism. Because of this, the State moves away from its economic mission, promotes marketing mechanisms and, in the meantime, it tries to manage the motivational crisis of the population. This challenge forces the State to take interest in the vital world of individuals trying to solve the legitimacy crisis through educational reforms that affect the world of work. The relationship between the vertiginous changes of working world and a new educational formation is explicit. This educational formation must consider (at the same time) the management capacity, learning capacity, teamwork capacity and self-training. Based on this situation, there is a direct relationship between technologic advances, the structural crisis of capitalism and work organization. Besides, the "qualification" term is replaced with "competency-based education". PMID:23258750

Estrada, John H M

2012-06-01

26

Investigating training, transfer and viewpoint effects resulting from recurrent CBT of X-Ray image interpretation  

Microsoft Academic Search

X-ray screening of passenger bags is an essential task at airport security checkpoints. In this study we investigated how\\u000a well airport security screeners can detect guns, knives, improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and other threat objects in X-ray\\u000a images of passenger bags before and after 3 and 6 months of recurrent (about 20 min per week) computer-based training (CBT).\\u000a Two experiments

Saskia M. Koller; Diana Hardmeier; Stefan Michel; Adrian Schwaninger

2008-01-01

27

Competency-based training for PMH nurse generalists: inpatient intervention and prevention of suicide.  

PubMed

Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States. Approximately 90,000 psychiatric mental health (PMH) nurse generalists work in hospitals in the United States, mostly on inpatient psychiatric units where the most acutely suicidal patients are hospitalized. Although competencies have been developed for mental health clinicians in assessing and managing suicide risk, there are no standard competencies for PMH nurse generalists. Widely accepted nursing practices do not meet suicide-specific standards of care or evidence-based criteria. Although both the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education Essentials for Baccalaureate Education and the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competencies stress the necessity for comprehensive assessment, safe clinical practices, patient-centered care, evidence-based interventions, and interprofessional communication and collaboration, there are no specific requirements for suicide prevention training in educational and clinical programs. The American Psychiatric Nurses Association has an opportunity to provide leadership in developing, implementing, and evaluating competency-based training for nurses and partner with the national effort to increase the competencies in suicide prevention in the behavioral health workforce. PMID:23950543

Puntil, Cheryl; York, Janet; Limandri, Barbara; Greene, Pamela; Arauz, Eric; Hobbs, Deborah

28

A Survey of Competency-Based Training of Senior House Officers in Performing Minor Surgical Procedures  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION The aim of this survey was to ascertain the level of competency and training of basic surgical trainees (SHOs) in performing incision and drainage of a perianal abscess (a minor surgical procedure). MATERIALS AND METHODS Questionnaires were sent to SHOs enquiring about preferred methods of incision and drainage and the teaching received to perform this procedure. RESULTS Of respondent SHOs, 10% did not receive teaching when performing their first incision and drainage and over half did not received any feedback from their trainers. A mere 65% received practical supervision. Use of the curette and de-roofing of the abscess are not routine methods used. In addition, 13% reported inadequate incision and drainage, which required a second procedure. CONCLUSIONS Competency-based training in minor surgical procedures benefits not only from didactic teaching, immediate supervision and appraisal but also from frequent practise. This was found to be lacking for incision and drainage of perianal abscesses by basic surgical trainees surveyed in the study.

Leong, Samuel CL; Waghorn, Alison J

2006-01-01

29

Where does CBT (computer-based training) fit in, now that we know so much. A front end analysis study  

SciTech Connect

Computer-based training (CBT) has now been in existence for over two decades. It has been implemented in both the private sector and government organizations at an exponential rate. Nevertheless, many institutions, particularly educational institutions, have not yet introduced CBT. Our knowledge of what works and what does not, as well as hardware and software advances, has greatly increased in the past few years. This paper addresses many management considerations with respect to CBT. First, we consider the generic environment in which CBT might be used and then issues that affect costs and benefits, including lessons learned by the Cognitive Engineering Design and Research Team (CEDAR) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory in its assessments. The final section gives some ''how-to'' guidelines on increasing the probability of successfully introducing CBT into the training environment. The underlying theme of the paper is that management should be guided by what we now know about costs and benefits in its decisions regarding CBT and fight the lure of ''high tech'' glitter.

Andrews, A.E.; Trainor, M.S.

1987-01-01

30

A Randomized Clinical Trial of Transdiagnostic CBT for Anxiety Disorder by Comparison to Relaxation Training  

PubMed Central

Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders have been gaining increased attention and empirical study in recent years. Despite this, all of the research on transdiagnostic anxiety treatments to date have either not used a control condition, or have relied on no-treatment or delayed-treatment controls, thus limiting inferences about comparative efficacy. The current study was a randomized clinical trial examining the efficacy of a 12-week transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral group treatment in comparison to a 12-week comprehensive relaxation training program. Results from 87 treatment initiators suggested significant and statistically equivalent/non-inferior outcomes across conditions, although relaxation was associated with a greater rate of dropout despite no differences in treatment credibility. No evidence was found for any differential effects of transdiagnostic CBT for any primary or comorbid diagnoses.

Norton, Peter J.

2012-01-01

31

CD-ROM (compact disc-read only memory): A delivery medium for CBT (computer-based training)  

SciTech Connect

Computer-based training (CBT) development has evolved from electronic page turners to a sophisticated instructional environment. The use of numerous large image files, large digital audio files, and complex computer-generated graphics files places great demands on a system's capacity for binary storage (disk space). One solution is the use of compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM). The explosive growth of CD-ROM players in the marketplace makes CD-ROM a viable delivery medium for CBT. Recently, a CBT package for radiation protection technicians at Los Alamos National Laboratory was produced on CD-ROM. The course is delivered on a multimedia system consisting of the following: MS DOS-based computer, CD-ROM player, high-resolution video graphics array monitor, scanned color images with graphic overlays, digital audio, and mouse interface. This paper will allow the reader to assess the appropriateness of CD-ROM for a specific project, report on lessons learned from the RPT project, demonstrate that CD-ROM is within reach of the average CBT developer, and provide guidelines for successfully developing CD-ROM based CBT. This paper can serve as a basic primer on how to adapt CD-ROM as a CBT medium. Some of the technical aspects that are discussed are listed here: CD-ROM basics for CBT development, availability of low-cost development environments, file organization, optimization of CD-ROM response times, effective use of digital audio and still frame graphics, and animation with CD-ROM.

Luettgen, A.L.; Houghton, F.K.; Andrews, A.E.

1991-01-01

32

CD-ROM (compact disc-read only memory): A delivery medium for CBT (computer-based training)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-based training (CBT) development has evolved from electronic page turners to a sophisticated instructional environment. The use of numerous large image files, large digital audio files, and complex computer-generated graphics files places great demands on a system's capacity for binary storage (disk space). One solution is the use of compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM). The explosive growth of CD-ROM players

A. L. Luettgen; F. K. Houghton; A. E. Andrews

1991-01-01

33

Creative Solution for Implementation of Experiential, Competency-Based Palliative Care Training for Internal Medicine Residents  

PubMed Central

To graduate internal medicine residents with basic competency in palliative care, we employ a two-pronged strategy targeted at both residents and attending physicians as learners. The first prong provides a knowledge foundation using web-based learning programs designed specifically for residents and clinical faculty members. The second prong is assessment of resident competency in key palliative care domains by faculty members using direct observation during clinical rotations. The faculty training program contains Competency Assessment Tools addressing 19 topics distributed amongst four broad palliative care domains designed to assist faculty members in making the clinical competency assessments. Residents are required to complete their web-based training by the end of their internship year; they must demonstrate competency in one skill from each of the four broad palliative care domains prior to graduation. Resident and faculty evaluation of the training programs is favorable. Outcome-based measures are planned to evaluate long-term program effectiveness.

Shpritz, Deborah W.; Wolfsthal, Susan D.; Zimrin, Ann B.; Keay, Timothy J.; Fang, Hong-Bin; Schuetz, Carl A.; Stapleton, Laura M.; Weissman, David E.

2011-01-01

34

LINKS from Learning to Life. Competency-Based Skill Integration Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The resource manual was developed by a staff development project that trained both paid staff and volunteer tutors to integrate CASAS (Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System) as an assessment and curriculum tool. It is designed to assist tutors in linking task and skill competencies. The manual begins with an overview of assessment and…

Roth, Cathy

35

Developing a Competence-Based Addiction Medicine Curriculum in Indonesia: The Training Needs Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Indonesia has one of the fastest growing, injecting drugs user-driven, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemics in Asia. Coverage of needle and syringe programs (NSPs), opioid substitution therapy (OST), and antiretroviral treatment (ART) is increasing, but is still low, whereas professional training in addiction medicine is not yet…

Pinxten, W. J. L.; De Jong, C.; Hidayat, T.; Istiqomah, A. N.; Achmad, Y. M.; Raya, R. P.; Norviatin, D.; Siregar, I. M. P.

2011-01-01

36

Competency-Based In-Service Training in Recreation for the Aged.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As leisure services facilities have expanded with the growth in numbers of older adults, there has been a corresponding need for personnel trained in recreational work with the aged. From survey responses regarding roles and related functions, competencies for these recreational workers were prioritized and subsequently used as the basis for…

Leitner, Michael Jay

37

An Assessment System for Competence Based Education: The Educational Development, Dissemination, and Evaluation Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides a description of the development and a guide to the use of the assessment resources developed in connection with the Far West Development, Dissemination, and Evaluation (DD&E) Functional Competence Training Program. The document concentrates on a user-oriented description of the content, validation, and use of the final…

Hood, Paul D.; Blackwell, Laird

38

LINKS from Learning to Life. Competency-Based Skill Integration Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The resource manual was developed by a staff development project that trained both paid staff and volunteer tutors to integrate CASAS (Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System) as an assessment and curriculum tool. It is designed to assist tutors in linking task and skill competencies. The manual begins with an overview of assessment and…

Roth, Cathy

39

A Bermuda Triangle? A Case Study of the Disappearance of Competence?based Vocational Training Policy in the Context of Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports some findings from an ESRC funded project on the implementation of National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) and competence?based vocational training. The theoretical perspective is informed by interactionist traditions within the sociology of education which bear witness to the importance of ethnographic work on policy implementation in order to explore social contexts and meanings at this level. The paper

Inge Bates; Judith Dutson

1995-01-01

40

A Feasibility Study for a Comprehensive Competency-Based Training and Certification System for Child Care Personnel in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Annotated Bibliography. Appendix A. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 196-item annotated bibliography contains components of a competency-based training and certification system for teachers serving children in Pennsylvania day care programs. It is the appendix of a final report sponsored by the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare, Bureau of Child Development. The organizational topics and number of…

Educational Projects, Inc., Washington, DC.

41

The Road Map to Preparedness: A Competency-Based Approach to All-Hazards Emergency Readiness Training for the Public Health Workforce  

Microsoft Academic Search

a SYNOPSIS Facing limited time and budgetary resources, state and local health departments need a practical, competency-based training approach to meet the all-hazards readiness requirements of their employees. The Road Map to Preparedness is a training tool designed to assist health departments in providing comprehensive, agency-tailored readiness instruction to their employees. This tool uses an incen- tive-based, game-like, experiential learning

Cindy L. Parker; Daniel J. Barnett; Ayanna L. Fews; David Blodgett; Jonathan M. Links

42

Standard Training Agreements, Individualized Training Plans and Competency-Based Units of Related Instruction: Workshop Handouts and Transparency Masters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These handouts and transparency masters are from workshops conducted throughout South Florida during 1980-81 for Diversified Cooperative Training (DCT) program coordinators and other vocational educators. (The workshops were held to help these persons improve their understanding of, and ability to implement, three essential components of…

Baum, Rosemere; Bradley, Curtis H.

43

Competence-Based Assessment in Professional Education Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the appropriateness of competence-based assessment in professional education validation, considering architectural education in Asia as a case study. Competence-based assessment originated in teacher training and vocational training settings in the USA and the UK. Competence-based assessment has been increasingly adopted by…

Thilakaratne, Ruffina; Kvan, Thomas

2006-01-01

44

Competence-Based Training, Vocational Qualifications and Learning Targets: Some Lessons for the Learning and Skills Council.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the status of National and Scottish Vocational Qualifications in the United Kingdom in terms of employer acceptance, role in company training, employee participation, small business usage, and overall employer investment in training. Considers the implications of concerns about the system for the learning targets to be achieved by the new…

Matlay, Harry; Addis, Mark

2002-01-01

45

Demonstration of the Competency-Based Curriculum for Distributive Education and Distributive Cooperative Training Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A core curriculum, training plans, and implementation guide developed by the project are included in this final report, which describes activities to resolve problems encountered by teachers using the IDECC (Interstate Distributive Education Curriculum Consortium) system designed for distributive education (DE) and diversified cooperative training

Marshall Univ., Huntington, WV. Dept. of Occupational, Adult, and Safety Education.

46

Competence-Based Training, Vocational Qualifications and Learning Targets: Some Lessons for the Learning and Skills Council.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the status of National and Scottish Vocational Qualifications in the United Kingdom in terms of employer acceptance, role in company training, employee participation, small business usage, and overall employer investment in training. Considers the implications of concerns about the system for the learning targets to be achieved by the new…

Matlay, Harry; Addis, Mark

2002-01-01

47

Providing competency-based family medicine residency training in substance abuse in the new millennium: a model curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This article, developed for the Betty Ford Institute Consensus Conference on Graduate Medical Education (December, 2008), presents a model curriculum for Family Medicine residency training in substance abuse. METHODS: The authors reviewed reports of past Family Medicine curriculum development efforts, previously-identified barriers to education in high risk substance use, approaches to overcoming these barriers, and current training guidelines of

J Paul Seale; Sylvia Shellenberger; Denice Crowe Clark

2010-01-01

48

Providing competency-based family medicine residency training in substance abuse in the new millennium: a model curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background This article, developed for the Betty Ford Institute Consensus Conference on Graduate Medical Education (December, 2008), presents a model curriculum for Family Medicine residency training in substance abuse. Methods The authors reviewed reports of past Family Medicine curriculum development efforts, previously-identified barriers to education in high risk substance use, approaches to overcoming these barriers, and current training guidelines of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and their Family Medicine Residency Review Committee. A proposed eight-module curriculum was developed, based on substance abuse competencies defined by Project MAINSTREAM and linked to core competencies defined by the ACGME. The curriculum provides basic training in high risk substance use to all residents, while also addressing current training challenges presented by U.S. work hour regulations, increasing international diversity of Family Medicine resident trainees, and emerging new primary care practice models. Results This paper offers a core curriculum, focused on screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment, which can be adapted by residency programs to meet their individual needs. The curriculum encourages direct observation of residents to ensure that core skills are learned and trains residents with several "new skills" that will expand the basket of substance abuse services they will be equipped to provide as they enter practice. Conclusions Broad-based implementation of a comprehensive Family Medicine residency curriculum should increase the ability of family physicians to provide basic substance abuse services in a primary care context. Such efforts should be coupled with faculty development initiatives which ensure that sufficient trained faculty are available to teach these concepts and with efforts by major Family Medicine organizations to implement and enforce residency requirements for substance abuse training.

2010-01-01

49

Drafting. Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency based drafting curriculum is presented in seven specialization sections with units in each section containing a competency statement, performance objective, learning activities, evaluation, and quiz or problem sheets. Some units also contain answer sheets and/or handout sheets. Sections and number of units presented are (1) basic…

Everly, Al; And Others

50

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. An Overview of Tranquilizers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

51

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Stress and Disease.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. P. Mink

1981-01-01

52

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Miscellaneous Dental Instruments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

53

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Depression.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

54

Competency-Based Horticulture: Turfgrass Maintenance Worker.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program for training turfgrass maintenance workers. It contains a master resource list, a listing of turfgrass maintenance resources available from various states, and 59 competency task sheets…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

55

Competency-Based Achievement System  

PubMed Central

Abstract Problem addressed Family medicine residency programs require innovative means to assess residents’ competence in “soft” skills (eg, patient-centred care, communication, and professionalism) and to identify residents who are having difficulty early enough in their residency to provide remedial training. Objective of program To develop a method to assess residents’ competence in various skills and to identify residents who are having difficulty. Program description The Competency-Based Achievement System (CBAS) was designed to measure competence using 3 main principles: formative feedback, guided self-assessment, and regular face-to-face meetings. The CBAS is resident driven and provides a framework for meaningful interactions between residents and advisors. Residents use the CBAS to organize and review their feedback, to guide their own assessment of their progress, and to discern their future learning needs. Advisors use the CBAS to monitor, guide, and verify residents’ knowledge of and competence in important skills. Conclusion By focusing on specific skills and behaviour, the CBAS enables residents and advisors to make formative assessments and to communicate their findings. Feedback indicates that the CBAS is a user-friendly and helpful system to assess competence.

Ross, Shelley; Poth, Cheryl N.; Donoff, Michel; Humphries, Paul; Steiner, Ivan; Schipper, Shirley; Janke, Fred; Nichols, Darren

2011-01-01

56

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. An Overview of the History of Medicine.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

57

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Introduction to Stress from a Psychological Viewpoint.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistance and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. Th...

B. P. Mink

1981-01-01

58

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Sources of Stress from a Psychological Viewpoint.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. P. Mink

1981-01-01

59

The Design of Competency Based Learning Resources for VET Training Packages using learner centred, work centred and attribute focused simulation strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an approach for incorporating simulation strategies into the instructional design of learning resource materials for the Diploma of Accounting. At present Vocational Education and Training (VET) in Australia is on the verge of the implementation of the \\

Homi Azemikhah

60

Competency-Based Behavioral Interviewing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Directors too often rely primarily on their hunches to guide them in employee selection. But what if their hunches are only 30 percent correct? Potentially, one bad hire could be responsible for a noticeable decrease in enrollment and, as a result, the school's net revenue. In this article, the author discusses the Competency-Based Behavioral…

Garrigues, Sarah M.

2012-01-01

61

Competency-Based Behavioral Interviewing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Directors too often rely primarily on their hunches to guide them in employee selection. But what if their hunches are only 30 percent correct? Potentially, one bad hire could be responsible for a noticeable decrease in enrollment and, as a result, the school's net revenue. In this article, the author discusses the Competency-Based Behavioral…

Garrigues, Sarah M.

2012-01-01

62

Competency Based Refresher Nurse Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based course is designed to update the skills and knowledge of inactive nurses desiring to return to active practice. Focus of the course is on organizing and managing patient care using the nursing process; performing nursing procedures, including medication administration; and reintegrating oneself into the professional…

Lombardo, Mary C.

63

Competency Based Refresher Nurse Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based course is designed to update the skills and knowledge of inactive nurses desiring to return to active practice. Focus of the course is on organizing and managing patient care using the nursing process; performing nursing procedures, including medication administration; and reintegrating oneself into the professional…

Lombardo, Mary C.

64

A Bermuda Triangle? A Case Study of the Disappearance of Competence-Based Vocational Training Policy in the Context of Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Observations of job training of special needs students were analyzed in terms of operational demands, staffing levels, resources, and trainee interaction. The competence approach often disappeared in the face of more pressing concerns; it serves to legitimate a political response rather than solve an educational problem. (SK)|

Bates, Inge; Dutson, Judith

1995-01-01

65

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Medical Terminology: Physical Systems (Respiratory, Endocrine, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

66

A New Approach: Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes competency-based education, discusses the alleged strenghts and weaknesses as presented by its supporters and critics, and points up the impact of competency-based education on the home economist, particularly the home economics educator. (TA)|

Hall, Katherine B.

1976-01-01

67

Competence in Competency-Based Supervision Practice: Construct and Application  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing competent clinical supervision is challenging for the practitioner both in determining supervisee competencies and in conducting the corresponding supervision. Competence, an ethical principle that informs the practice of psychology, refers to requisite knowledge, skills, and values for effective performance. Similar to other health care professions, psychology is increasingly moving towards competency-based approaches in education, training, and performance appraisal. In

Carol A. Falender; Edward P. Shafranske

2007-01-01

68

MADE 2. Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide is one in a series of three competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: job orientation (personal appearance, job opportunities, job interviews, basic skills, training plans, legal requirements,…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

69

Auto Body Repair--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This student manual is part of the competency based education curriculum for students training in auto body repair. The manual contains learning modules in eight areas; (1) occupational information, (2) trim and accessories, (3) glass, (4) painting and refinishing, (5) metal work, (6) body alignment, (7) frame work, and (8) estimating. Within…

Radio Corp. of America, Palo Alto, CA. Education Systems.

70

Competency Based Curriculum for Clothing Services and Production Sewing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to meet individual needs and learning levels of high school and postsecondary students enrolled in vocational training for occupations in clothing services and production sewing, this competency-based curriculum teaches skills in alterations, dressmaking, and power sewing machine operations. Skills are organized into 13 units: Awareness…

Blake, Charlotte

71

Moroccan Arabic: A Competency Based Curriculum, Beginning & Intermediate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The textbook in introductory and intermediate Moroccan Arabic is designed for the language and cultural training of Peace Corps volunteers in Morocco and is intended for both teacher and student use. The contents and design are based on a competency-based curriculum model. An introductory section presents general principles for use of Arabic…

Peace Corps, Rabat (Morocco).

72

Competency Based Curriculum for Clothing Services and Production Sewing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to meet individual needs and learning levels of high school and postsecondary students enrolled in vocational training for occupations in clothing services and production sewing, this competency-based curriculum teaches skills in alterations, dressmaking, and power sewing machine operations. Skills are organized into 13 units: Awareness…

Blake, Charlotte

73

MADE 2. Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of three competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: job orientation (personal appearance, job opportunities, job interviews, basic skills, training plans, legal requirements, and…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

74

Designing CBT Systems with Errors in Mind: Avoidance, Seeding, and Tolerance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study attempts to reconcile viewpoints on the role of errors in the design of computer-based training (CBT) systems. From one perspective, errors are detrimental to learning; from another, they can be beneficial. The results of an experiment are presented and discussed. When a CBT system is designed to allow learners to correct their own…

Quinonez, Ruben; Ryan, Terry; Olfman, Lorne

2007-01-01

75

The CBT (R)evolution and the Authoring Engines that Drive It.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an overview of developments in computer-based training (CBT) authoring software and reviews the following products: Macromedia's Authorware, Aimtech's CBT Express, Iprax CourseWorks, Intersystem Concepts' Everest, Aimtech's IconAuthor, Innovus Multimedia, Allen Communication's QuestNet+, and Asymetrix's ToolBook II Instructor. A sidebar…

Hefner, Donna

1996-01-01

76

Engagement in Trauma-Specific CBT for Youth Post-9/11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Treatment participation was examined among youth enrolled in an evaluation of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for trauma following the 9/11 World Trade Center disaster. Staff at nine agencies serving a predominantly low-income, ethnically diverse population were trained to deliver CBT and structured engagement strategies. A total of 445 youth…

Rodriguez, James; Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton; Gopalan, Geetha; Olin, Serene; McKay, Mary M.; Marcus, Sue M.; Radigan, Marleen; Chung, Michelle; Legerski, Joanna

2013-01-01

77

Kiswahili Competency Based Manual. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed for Swahili language training of Peace Corps workers in Kenya, and reflects daily communication needs in that context. It consists of a series of topical lessons that contain simple dialogues, a vocabulary list, explanatory grammar notes, several exercises, and cultural notes. Lesson topics include greetings and…

Nzioka, Mary; And Others

78

The impact of CBT and ACT models using psychology trainee therapists: a preliminary controlled effectiveness trial.  

PubMed

The present study compares the impact of individualized treatment provided by trainee therapists based on a traditional cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) model. Fourteen therapists were given initial training in CBT and ACT. Outpatients (N = 28) were randomized to either approach, with each therapist treating one client within each model, linked to a functional analysis. Clients treated within an ACT model showed better symptom improvement than the CBT clients, despite the fact that students felt initially less knowledgeable about ACT and were more fearful throughout when it was used. CBT improved client self-confidence more rapidly than ACT, and ACT improved acceptance more than CBT. Both processes predicted better outcomes; acceptance remained predictive when controlling for self-confidence but not vice versa. Overall, therapists with limited training in both models got better results with ACT and the processes of change fit with the ACT model. PMID:17548542

Lappalainen, Raimo; Lehtonen, Tuula; Skarp, Eerika; Taubert, Eija; Ojanen, Markku; Hayes, Steven C

2007-07-01

79

Social phobia: maintenance models and main components of CBT.  

PubMed

Social phobia (SP, or social anxiety disorder, SAD) is among the most common of all psychiatric disorders. SP typically begins early in life and provokes a great deal of impairment and reduction in quality of life. Despite its high prevalence and associated impact, SP has only recently become the focus of clinical research. We review the current CBT literature on SP, focusing on its main components, such as exposure, safety behaviors, cognitive restructuring, post-event processing, attentional retraining and social skills training. We suggest that although CBT for SP is effective, with effect sizes ranging from .6 to 2.6, much room for improvement remains. We conclude by reviewing some new and promising directions in the development of CBT for SP. PMID:20635773

Marom, Sofi; Aderka, Idan M; Hermesh, Haggai; Gilboa-Schechtman, Eva

2009-01-01

80

Professional Development and Competence?based Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid expansion of competence?based education (CBE) through the work of the National Council for Vocational Qualifications (NCVQ) has now, thanks to generous public funding and official endorsement by the Department for Education, penetrated the theory and practice of professional studies in teacher education at both school and post?school levels. The NCVQ model of CBE is criticised and alternatives described.

Terry Hyland

1993-01-01

81

Competency Based Education: A Sociological Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the Competency Based Education (CBE) movement in a small Ohio school district, asking whether it represents radical change or reenforces status-quo social stratification. CBE was a product of the recent public demand for more educational accountability. It is a radical shift from traditional U.S. education insofar as it…

Graham, Thomas E.

82

Child Care Occupations/Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based curriculum for child care occupations is composed of 30 tasks. For each task, the following information is provided: task title, task number, behavioral objectives, required resources, learning activities with required resources and/or assignments, and recommended student evaluation. Topics covered include participation in…

Hamilton, Trudy; And Others

83

Indiana Distributive Education Competency Based Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Indiana distributive education competency-based curriculum model is designed to help teachers and local administrators plan and conduct a comprehensive marketing and distributive education program. It is divided into three levels--one level for each year of a three-year program. The competencies common to a variety of marketing and…

Davis, Rod; And Others

84

Competency Based Education: Understanding a Political Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The trend toward competency-based education and competency testing is the work of legislators and politicians, not educators. Some of the latter express serious reservations about it. The minimum competency testing movement is a result of the effort to integrate minorities into the mainstream of society. (JOW)|

Ross, Dorene D.

1982-01-01

85

Masonry. Teacher's Guide. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the competency based masonry student materials (see note). It is intended for use as a reference and aid in implementing the curriculum. The guide includes these sections: Identification and Validation of Job Titles and Competencies, Functions of the Developmental Committee, Program Organization…

Long, Diana

86

Building Construction. Competency-Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed and field-tested over a 2-year period by vocational teachers in West Virginia, this competency-based building construction curriculum contains five units of study: Safety, form carpentry, carpentry, masonry, and plumbing. Each unit is subdivided into several competencies, and for each competency taught the performance objectives,…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

87

Masonry: Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These task analyses are designed to be used in combination with the "Trade and Industrial Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the masonry program in Virginia. The task analysis document contains the task inventory, suggested task sequence lists, and content outlines for the secondary courses…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

88

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide consists of a comprehensive list of competency-based performance objectives dealing with selected skill and knowledge competencies considered basic to the preparation of teacher-educators in residential building construction. Thirteen units of instruction subclassified into forty-one teaching sections are included with…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield. Div. of Adult Vocational and Technical Education.

89

A Competency Based Teacher Certification System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a Competency Based Teacher Certification System is a cooperative effort of the Carroll County System and the School of Education, West Georgia College, supported by a grant from the Georgia State Department of Education. As a step toward solving the problem of recertifying teachers who possess basic credentials and have taught…

Coker, Homer

90

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for use at Eastern Illinois University in a model curriculum designed to prepare secondary school teachers in the field of residential building, this curriculum guide provides a competency-based preservice construction trades program. The guide is divided into thirteen units as follows: (1) pre-construction planning; (2) structural…

Nelms, Howard F.

91

Not Just Falling over the Line? A Snapshot of Competency-Based Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of competency-based assessment (CBA) under Australia's National Training Framework was evaluated to provide indicators for improvement in CBA policy and practice. The evaluation included three data collection activities: a survey of 258 teachers, trainers, and assessors (response rate, 43%); a survey of 68 Industry Training

Dickson, Michelle; Bloch, Barbara

92

Competence-Based Blended Learning in Building Automation: Towards a EU Curriculum in "Domotica"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competence-based approach was applied to a blended learning on line distance training in the Euroinno EU project aimed at vocational training in building automation. The current paper describes the experience gathered during the learning process and the definition of the curriculum. A number of issues emerged during the sessions concerning…

Sommaruga, L.; De Angelis, E.

2007-01-01

93

Not Just Falling over the Line? A Snapshot of Competency-Based Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The implementation of competency-based assessment (CBA) under Australia's National Training Framework was evaluated to provide indicators for improvement in CBA policy and practice. The evaluation included three data collection activities: a survey of 258 teachers, trainers, and assessors (response rate, 43%); a survey of 68 Industry Training

Dickson, Michelle; Bloch, Barbara

94

Using the Internet in Competency Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introduction to the Internet explains what it is, how to use it, and how it can be useful to those with an interest in competency-based education. The Internet is a network of over 14,000 networks as of August 1993, with 1,000 being added per month, and at least 1 million machines and 20 million people connected to it. There are several…

Seguin, Armand

95

Competency-based continuing professional development.  

PubMed

Competence is traditionally viewed as the attainment of a static set of attributes rather than a dynamic process in which physicians continuously use their practice experiences to "progress in competence" toward the attainment of expertise. A competency-based continuing professional development (CPD) model is premised on a set of learning competencies that include the ability to (a) use practice information to identify learning priorities and to develop and monitor CPD plans; (b) access information sources for innovations in development and new evidence that may potentially be integrated into practice; (c) establish a personal knowledge management system to store and retrieve evidence and to select and manage learning projects; (d) construct questions, search for evidence, and record and track conclusions for practice; and (e) use tools and processes to measure competence and performance and develop action plans to enhance practice. Competency-based CPD emphasizes self-directed learning processes and promotes the role of assessment as a professional expectation and obligation. Various approaches to defining general competencies for practice require the creation of specific performance metrics to be meaningful and relevant to the lifelong learning strategies of physicians. This paper describes the assumptions, advantages, and challenges of establishing a CPD system focused on competencies that improve physician performance and the quality and safety of patient care. Implications for competency-based CPD are discussed from an individual and organizational perspective, and a model to bridge the transition from residency to practice is explored. PMID:20662577

Campbell, Craig; Silver, Ivan; Sherbino, Jonathan; Cate, Olle Ten; Holmboe, Eric S

2010-01-01

96

A CBT Approach to Inpatient Psychiatric Hospitalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During a psychiatric hospitalization of 5 to 10 days, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) strategies can be used for the management of inpatients and to support the transition to outpatient treatment. This format was chosen after several years of frustration dealing with crisis inpatient care. The use of CBT is well known, and it seemed that an…

Masters, Kim J.

2005-01-01

97

Revised Test and Evaluation Plan for Determining Screener Training Effectiveness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The efficacy of Computer-Based Training (CBT) programs, potentially useful for security checkpoint screener training, will be evaluated at three different airports. Candidates will be trained with one of three CBT programs or the Air Transport Association...

B. A. Klock J. Rubinstein

2000-01-01

98

Program Evaluation for Competency Based Teacher Education. A Brief Review of Literature and an Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A bibliography and a review of the literature on the evaluation of competency based teacher education programs are presented. The literature review highlights over 150 references which would be helpful to program evaluators with little formal training in evaluation, and covers several aspects of educational evaluation. The general theory of…

Kay, Patricia M.; Schoener, John E.

99

A Competency-Based Medical Student Curriculum Targeting Key Geriatric Syndromes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (UMMSM) has developed and implemented a competency-based undergraduate medical education (UME) curriculum that targets 61 learning objectives for three geriattic syndromes: dementia, falls, and delirium. This curriculum redesign changed the educational focus from what is taught to what is learned. Students complete 13 different competency assessments throughout their four years of training

Maria H. van Zuilen; Osvaldo Rodriguez; Michael J. Mintzer; Miguel A. Paniagua; Marcos N. Milanez; Jorge G. Ruiz; Robert M. Kaiser; Bernard A. Roos

2008-01-01

100

Developing a Competency-Based Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The CompHP Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion was developed as part of the CompHP Project that aimed to develop competency-based standards and an accreditation system for health promotion practice, education, and training in Europe. Method: A phased, multiple-method approach was employed to facilitate consensus…

Battel-Kirk, Barbara; Van der Zanden, Gerard; Schipperen, Marielle; Contu, Paolo; Gallardo, Carmen; Martinez, Ana; Garcia de Sola, Silvia; Sotgiu, Alessandra; Zaagsma, Miriam; Barry, Margaret M.

2012-01-01

101

Towards a competency-based framework for nursing management education.  

PubMed

Defining a competency-based model for nursing management development will help to establish core competencies for nursing managers which will not only strengthen their practice and provide further learning and development opportunities, but will also provide the basis to focus training and professional development efforts. This paper identifies the competencies important for effective nursing management in the public and private health sectors. A total of 420 senior nursing managers in South Africa were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Respondents had to rate the importance of 51 competency items as it pertains to effective nursing management. Self-management, controlling, health/clinical, organizing, people management, planning and ethical/legal competencies were found the most valuable for optimal nursing management. These findings reflect the reality of the nursing management milieu and will be useful in the design and delivery of management development programmes aimed at enhancing nursing management capacity. PMID:21129106

Pillay, Rubin

2010-12-01

102

Aspects of Competence-Based Education as Footholds to Improve the Connectivity Between Learning in School and in the Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in competence-based education have motivated institutions of vocational education and training (VET) to\\u000a improve the links or connectivity between learning in school and learning in the workplace, which has been a problem for decades.\\u000a In previous research, a theoretical framework describing the underlying aspects of competence-based education was developed.\\u000a In this study, three aspects of this framework were

Renate Wesselink; Cees de Jong; Harm J. A. Biemans

2010-01-01

103

Treatment of bulimia nervosa: When CBT fails  

Microsoft Academic Search

Controlled studies have established manual-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the first-line treatment of choice for bulimia nervosa. Nevertheless, its effectiveness is limited. On average, only 50% of patients cease binge eating and purging. Of the remainder, some show partial improvement, whereas a small number derive no benefit at all. In treating nonresponders to CBT one option would be to use

G. Terence Wilson

1996-01-01

104

Evaluation of the sustainability and clinical outcome of Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) in a child protection center  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the sustainability and outcome of Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) as delivered by practitioners in a community-based child protection program who had received training in the model several years earlier. Formerly described as Abuse-Focused CBT, AF-CBT is an evidence-based treatment (EBT) for child physical abuse and family aggression\\/conflict that was included in the National Child

David J. Kolko; Anne-Marie R. Iselin; Kevin J. Gully

2011-01-01

105

Assessment to Transform Competency-based Curricula  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model.

Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A.

2009-01-01

106

Philosophical and Psychological Rationale for Competency-Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In reviewing the development of competency-based teacher education, emphasis was placed on philosophical and psychological rationales and on systems analysis. The philosophical rationale stresses the acquisition of knowledge in teacher education programs. Competency-based teacher education programs broaden this scope to include the application of…

Kaufman, Barry A.

107

Competence-Based VET as Seen by Dutch Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The concept of competence is increasingly the basis for (re)designing VET. In competence-based VET academic disciplines are no longer starting points for curriculum development. Competence needed for working in practice, however, is. Competence-based learning is a dominant trend in VET in several countries because of fewer expected problems in…

Wesselink, Renate; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Mulder, Martin; van den Elsen, Elke R.

2007-01-01

108

Competency?based standards: a boon for continuing professional education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Establishing competency?based standards for professions promises to help solve many of the difficulties currently besetting continuing professional education. This paper explains why this is so by defining competency?based standards, describing their uses and, hence, showing why they have attracted so much attention recently. Likely applications to continuing professional education are suggested. In addition the advantages and limitations of three different

Paul Hager; Andrew Gonczi

1991-01-01

109

Transporting CBT for Childhood Anxiety Disorders into Inner-City School-Based Mental Health Clinics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The systematic expansion of evidence-based cognitive behavioral (CBT) protocols into the schools provides an opportunity for training front-line service providers in the early identification of anxious children and in the delivery of evidence-based treatments to children who might otherwise go without such treatment [Weist, M. D., & Evans, S. W.…

Ginsburg, Golda S.; Becker, Kimberly D.; Kingery, Julie Newman; Nichols, Tanya

2008-01-01

110

Learning to Manage: Transformative Outcomes of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transformative learning theory is a dominant approach to understanding adult learning. The theory addresses the way our perspectives on the world, others and ourselves can be challenged and transformed in our ongoing efforts to make sense of the world. It is a conception of learning that does not focus on the measurable acquisition of knowledge…

Hodge, Steven

2011-01-01

111

Engagement in Trauma-Specific CBT for Youth Post-9/11  

PubMed Central

Treatment participation was examined among youth enrolled in an evaluation of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for trauma following the 9/11 World Trade Center disaster. Staff at nine agencies serving a predominantly low-income ethnically diverse population were trained to deliver CBT and structured engagement strategies. Four hundred and forty-five youth ages 5-19 were eligible for CBT, and 417 (94%) received at least one treatment session. Pretreatment and treatment show rates and overall dose were examined. Treatment participation rates were higher than those typically reported in community studies of children's mental health services. Regression analyses indicated variability across sites in treatment show rates with the highest rates at where services were delivered in schools. However, sites, demographic factors and trauma symptoms accounted for a small amount of variance in treatment participation overall. The study suggests structured engagement strategies, linked to evidence-based treatments may improve treatment participation for youth.

Rodriguez, James; Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton; Gopalan, Geetha; Olin, Serene; McKay, Mary M.; Marcus, Sue M.; Radigan, Marleen; Chung, Michelle; Legerski, Joanna

2012-01-01

112

Efficacy of CBT for benzodiazepine discontinuation in patients with panic disorder: Further evaluation.  

PubMed

Despite its acute efficacy for the treatment of panic disorder, benzodiazepines (BZs) are associated with a withdrawal syndrome that closely mimics anxiety sensations, leading to difficulty with treatment discontinuation and often disorder relapse. An exposure-based cognitive-behavioral treatment for BZ discontinuation, Panic Control Treatment for BZ Discontinuation (CBT) targets the fear of these sensations and has demonstrated efficacy in preventing disorder relapse and facilitating successful BZ discontinuation among patients with panic disorder. In this randomized controlled trial, CBT was compared to taper alone and a taper plus a relaxation condition to control for the effect of therapist contact and support among 47 patients with panic disorder seeking taper from BZs. Based on the primary outcome of successful discontinuation of BZ use, results indicate that adjunctive CBT provided additive benefits above both taper alone and taper plus relaxation, with consistently medium and large effect sizes over time that reached significance at the six month follow-up evaluation. The efficacy of CBT relative to either of the other taper conditions reflected very large and significant effect sizes at that time. These findings suggest that CBT provides specific efficacy for the successful discontinuation from BZs, even when controlling for therapist contact and relaxation training. PMID:20546699

Otto, Michael W; McHugh, R Kathryn; Simon, Naomi M; Farach, Frank J; Worthington, John J; Pollack, Mark H

2010-04-28

113

Characteristics and Components of the TADS CBT Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we describe the acute phase of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) developed for and utilized in the Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS). The acute phase of TADS CBT consists of 8 skills that were considered essential to any CBT intervention for adolescent depression (e.g., mood monitoring, increasing pleasant…

Rohde, Paul; Feeny, Norah C.; Robins, Michele

2005-01-01

114

Problem-based Learning in a Competency-based World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Problem-based learning emphasizes critical thinking and clinical judgment. Competency-based education focuses on clinical competence. A merger of the two in nursing education could generate higher levels of inquiry and more expert clinicians. (SK)|

Bechtel, Gregory A.; Davidhizar, Ruth; Bradshaw, Martha J.

1999-01-01

115

Incorporating Competency-Based Blended Learning in a Chinese Language Classroom: A Web 2.0 Drupal Module Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to create a blended learning environment, based on the concept of competency-based training, in a Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) classroom at an American university. Drupal platform and web 2.0 tools were used as supplements to traditional face-to-face classroom instruction. Students completed various selective tasks and…

Huang, Chung-Kai; Lin, Chun-Yu; Chiang, Yueh-Hui

2010-01-01

116

Write Proposals. Module CG B-2 of Category B--Supporting. Competency-Based Career Guidance Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This module is intended to help guidance personnel in a variety of educational and agency settings plan and develop successful proposals to assist in financing the improvement of existing or future career guidance programs. The module is one of a series of competency-based guidance program training packages focusing upon specific professional and…

Gustafson, Richard A.

117

Incorporating Competency-Based Blended Learning in a Chinese Language Classroom: A Web 2.0 Drupal Module Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to create a blended learning environment, based on the concept of competency-based training, in a Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) classroom at an American university. Drupal platform and web 2.0 tools were used as supplements to traditional face-to-face classroom instruction. Students completed various selective tasks and…

Huang, Chung-Kai; Lin, Chun-Yu; Chiang, Yueh-Hui

2010-01-01

118

Computer-Based Training Technology: Overview and System Selection Criteria.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Selection of computer-based training (CBT) technology is dependent primarily on the intended application. CBT system applications fall into six categories: informational, drill-and-practice, tutorial, simulation, inquiry, and intelligent. The types of har...

R. L. Sinek

1986-01-01

119

What are the components of CBT for psychosis? A Delphi study.  

PubMed

There is strong evidence supporting the implementation of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for people with psychosis. However, there are a variety of approaches to the delivery and conceptual underpinnings within different research groups, and the degree of consensus or disagreement regarding what are the intrinsic components has not been explored. This study uses the Delphi method to try to establish what a group of experts in CBT for psychosis view as important. Experts were invited to participate in 3 rounds of producing and rating statements that addressed areas such as principles, assessment, models, formulation, change strategies, homework, and therapists' assumptions in order to consolidate consensus of opinion. Seventy-seven items were endorsed as important or essential for CBT for psychosis by >80% of the panel. These recommendations should ensure greater fidelity in clinical practice, allow greater evaluation of adherence within clinical trials, facilitate the development of competency frameworks, and be of value in relation to training and dissemination of CBT for psychosis. PMID:19880824

Morrison, Anthony P; Barratt, Sarah

2009-10-30

120

Transporting CBT for Childhood Anxiety Disorders into Inner-City School-Based Mental Health Clinics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The systematic expansion of evidence-based cognitive behavioral (CBT) protocols into the schools provides an opportunity for training front-line service providers in the early identification of anxious children and in the delivery of evidence-based treatments to children who might otherwise go without such treatment [Weist, M. D., & Evans, S. W. (2005). Expanded school mental health: Challenges and opportunities in an

Golda S. Ginsburg; Kimberly D. Becker; Julie Newman Kingery; Tanya Nichols

2008-01-01

121

A Competency Based Curriculum Guide: Ethanol Spark Ignition Engine Conversion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is a competency-based vocational curriculum designed to provide educators with viable ethanol (100 percent alcohol) engine conversion procedures stated in simple terms and set in a flexible educational environment. The curriculum is designed so that educators can form various combinations of instructional activities and resource…

Blair, Brittain A.

122

Managing Competency-Based Preparation of School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article proposes that an a priori approach for developing counselor competencies can be improved by using sixteen steps based on principles from business and industrial management. The result is a proper foundation for the establishment of valid school counselor competencies on which the competency-based preparation program can be built.…

Saylor, Robert H.

1976-01-01

123

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Machine Shop. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the student material for the machine shop competency-based education curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. It has been developed to facilitate the learning of skills necessary for a career as a machinist. The tasks in the curriculum are those actually performed on the job. The materials are intended for use…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

124

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Machine Shop. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the machine shop competency-based education curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. It has been developed to facilitate use of the curriculum by instructors of machine shop programs. The teacher's guide contains the following material: an explanation of the curriculum and suggested usage; a…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

125

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Manufacturing Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based Prevocational Manufacturing Exploration curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. The guide is intended to help instructors give students career exploration activities in the various fields and job categories of manufacturing. The guide is organized into 18 learning…

Thompson, William R.

126

Resource Guide to Competency-Based Vocational Education: Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource guide for classroom teachers contains annotations of resources representing recent instructional development in competency-based education for health occupations. It is also intended to assist curriculum specialists, administrators, and supervisors in development of performance-based instructional programs. The guide is divided into…

Foster, Phillip R., Comp.

127

Competency-Based Education: Beyond Minimum Competency Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book comprised of six chapters, multiple aspects of competency based education (CBE) are discussed contextually by various authors in terms of the current educational climate wherein the primary emphasis is upon learning outcomes rather than the process of learning itself. To illuminate the notion of competence, Chapter 1 presents:…

Nickse, Ruth, Ed.; McClure, Larry, Ed.

128

Social Studies: Ohio's Model Competency-Based Program. [Revised].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This model is designed to provide direction for school districts to develop their own competency-based education programs. It is not intended as an instructional guide. The guide's ultimate purpose is to enhance the quality of social studies learning (history, sociology, geography, economics, government) in Ohio schools. The personnel responsible…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

129

Competency-Based Occupational Programs: Identification, Structuring, and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication presents results of the third phase of a Pensacola Junior College project to develop certain vocational programs as competency-based education. A brief narrative discusses the entire project--especially phase 3, which involved identification and definition of those competencies expected by an employer using input from an advisory…

Pensacola Junior Coll., FL.

130

Mass Screening: An Aid to Competency Based Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death in the adolescent population and is on the rise. This study used a mass screening concept as a pre-test identifier of at risk clients for suicide ideation and depressions; development of a competency-based prevention group treatment program, and the post-testing of the identified at-risk…

Siehl, Peterann M.; Studer, Jeannine

131

Competency-Based Nursing Career Ladder Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An open-entry/open-exit competency-based nursing career ladder model was developed to demonstrate the articulation process from high school through licensed vocational nursing (LVN), associate degree nursing (ADN), and baccalaureate degree-level nursing (BSN) programs. The model was based on data obtained from a review of the literature on (1)…

Wilson, Janie Menchaca; And Others

132

Nursery Propagation. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on nursery propagation is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The four sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

133

CNC Turning Technician. A Competency-Based Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum guide for instructing students in using computer numerically controlled (CNC) turning machines is one of a series of instructional guides for the machinist field developed in Oklahoma. Although developed jointly with Baxter Technologies Corporation and oriented toward the Baxter Vo-Tec 2000 Future Builder CNC…

Sloan, Kelly; Hilley, Robert

134

CNC Turning Technician. A Competency-Based Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based curriculum guide for instructing students in using computer numerically controlled (CNC) turning machines is one of a series of instructional guides for the machinist field developed in Oklahoma. Although developed jointly with Baxter Technologies Corporation and oriented toward the Baxter Vo-Tec 2000 Future Builder CNC…

Sloan, Kelly; Hilley, Robert

135

Student Material for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This student welding competency-based education curriculum consists of six units dealing with general areas related to trade occupations and nine units covering specific aspects of working with welding equipment and performing welding operations. Topics covered in the first six units are welding opportunities, human relations, safety, basic…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

136

Renewing Higher Education: The Competency-Based Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten essays are presented that consider a number of philosophical and technical issues associated with an emerging curriculum strategy known as competency-based education. Among them are: The debate over the relevance of liberal versus practical subjects; faculty renewal; the impact of reform on the student; the validation of excellence; and the…

Peterson, Vance T., Ed.

137

MADE 1. Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of three competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: job orientation (cooperative education work agreements, personal appearance, career opportunities, job applications, job…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

138

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Manufacturing Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based Prevocational Manufacturing Exploration curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. The guide is intended to help instructors give students career exploration activities in the various fields and job categories of manufacturing. The guide is organized into 18 learning…

Thompson, William R.

139

Competency-Based Teacher Education; Progress, Problems, and Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume is an outgrowth of the 1971 conference on competency-based teacher education at the University of Houston. The authors deal with topics which concern the conference participants. The topics include a) change and challenge in teacher education, b) explicit objectives, c) curriculum design, d) evaluation of teaching behavior, e)…

Houston, W. Robert, Ed.; Howsam, Robert B., Ed.

140

Competency-based interviewing – has it gone too far?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a critique of the inflexible use of competency models in organisations and, in particular, to explore the limitations of competency based interviews and stress the need for alternative approaches, e.g. wider use of job sampling, biographically based interviews and ability tests at the recruitment stage. The paper suggests that there

Paul Derek Martin; John Pope

2008-01-01

141

Tractor Mechanic--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed to assist vocational agricultural mechanics students in learning to be tractor mechanics, this curriculum guide contains all the student competency sheets which comprise this competency-based curriculum. These competency sheets are categorized under sixteen instructional units. The first two units cover employment opportunities and…

McCann, Edward W.

142

Competency Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration Consumer and Homemaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based prevocational exploration curriculum is designed to provide occupational information and hands-on experiences pertaining to consumer and homemaking occupations to ninth- and tenth-grade students. The curriculum consists of 45 learning pacs, 43 of which cover one service occupation each. Information for each service…

Reese, Clara; Chenoweth, Roberta

143

Competency-Based Objectives for the Student Teaching Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article examines a competency-based objectives system for evaluating the student teaching experience for majors in speech-language pathology and audiology programs. It is composed of 89 competencies which cover the broad range of knowledge, skill, and value objectives that a student is likely to experience during student teaching. (Author/SW)|

Johnson, Ann Randolph; And Others

1982-01-01

144

Competence-Based Knowledge Structures for Personalised Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competence-based extensions of Knowledge Space Theory are suggested as a formal framework for implementing key features of personalised learning in technology-enhanced learning. The approach links learning objects and assessment problems to the relevant skills that are taught or required. Various ways to derive these skills from domain ontologies…

Heller, Jurgen; Steiner, Christina; Hockemeyer, Cord; Albert, Dietrich

2006-01-01

145

Competence-Based Knowledge Structures for Personalised Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based extensions of Knowledge Space Theory are suggested as a formal framework for implementing key features of personalised learning in technology-enhanced learning. The approach links learning objects and assessment problems to the relevant skills that are taught or required. Various ways to derive these skills from domain ontologies are discussed in detail. Moreover, it is shown that the approach induces

Juergen Heller; Christina Steiner; Cord Hockemeyer; Dietrich Albert

2006-01-01

146

Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project--Final Report. Executive Summary [and] Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project: Final Report on House Bill 1909  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication contains the following: (1) Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project--Final Report. Executive Summary (January 2006); and (2) Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project: Final Report on House Bill 1909 (January 2005). In 2003, the legislature and governor enacted House Bill 1909 to create a pilot project on competency-based transfer…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2006

2006-01-01

147

Feasibility and usefulness of training assertive community treatment team in cognitive behavioral therapy.  

PubMed

Individuals with Serious mental illness require psychosocial treatments as adjunct to pharmacotherapy to promote recovery. An ACT team was trained in CBT interventions and charts were reviewed to identify sessions where CBT was utilized. Subjects who received at least 3 sessions of CBT went from 10% before training to 44% after training and 54% in the follow up period. All team members including bachelor's level staff provided CBT interventions. Results show that ACT Team members including those at bachelor's level can be trained in CBT and they utilize these interventions after training is completed. PMID:19957105

Pinninti, Narsimha R; Fisher, Jillian; Thompson, Kelly; Steer, Robert

2009-12-02

148

Competency-Based Transfer HECB Final Report on the Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project ? House Bill 1909  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2003, the legislature and governor enacted House Bill 1909 to create a pilot project on competency-based transfer between two--and four--year colleges and universities. The legislation directed the Higher Education Coordinating Board (HECB) to select institutions to define transfer requirements in several disciplines on the basis of students'…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2005

2005-01-01

149

[Introduction of CBT for psychosis in inpatient settings].  

PubMed

At present, CBT for psychosis (CBTp) is recommended as an evidence-based psychological therapy for schizophrenia. However, introducing CBTp in inpatient settings in Japan is not an easy task, because, unlike randomized controlled studies, patients are not limited to those who fulfil strict inclusion criteria and many of the therapists are not trained in CBTp. In order to introduce CBTp to our inpatient service, assumptions for addressing symptoms, therapists' skill development, and program development plans must be put in place. Discussing symptoms in the therapeutic relationship should not be viewed by patients as an impediment to discharge. Care must be taken so that psychological models for delusion presented to patients do not contradict information given to them through other psychoeducation. In terms of therapists' skill development, the use of a group program is recommended since they can be manualized and make it easier to train and, therefore, aid in continuously securing multiple staff who are capable of leading the group. It is recommended that group CBTp, which is cost-effective and reproducible, and individual CBTp, where case formulation and a tailored approach are possible, both be developed and provided according to patient's needs. PMID:23789320

Kikuchi, Akiko

2013-01-01

150

Trauma-focused CBT for youth with complex trauma  

PubMed Central

Objectives Many youth develop complex trauma, which includes regulation problems in the domains of affect, attachment, behavior, biology, cognition, and perception. Therapists often request strategies for using evidence-based treatments (EBTs) for this population. This article describes practical strategies for applying Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) for youth with complex trauma. Methods TF-CBT treatment phases are described and modifications of timing, proportionality and application are described for youth with complex trauma. Practical applications include a) dedicating proportionally more of the model to the TF-CBT coping skills phase; b) implementing the TF-CBT Safety component early and often as needed throughout treatment; c) titrating gradual exposure more slowly as needed by individual youth; d) incorporating unifying trauma themes throughout treatment; and e) when indicated, extending the TF-CBT treatment consolidation and closure phase to include traumatic grief components and to generalize ongoing safety and trust. Results Recent data from youth with complex trauma support the use of the above TF-CBT strategies to successfully treat these youth. Conclusions The above practical strategies can be incorporated into TF-CBT to effectively treat youth with complex trauma. Practice implications Practical strategies include providing a longer coping skills phase which incorporates safety and appropriate gradual exposure; including relevant unifying themes; and allowing for an adequate treatment closure phase to enhance ongoing trust and safety. Through these strategies therapists can successfully apply TF-CBT for youth with complex trauma.

Mannarino, Anthony P.; Kliethermes, Matthew; Murray, Laura A.

2013-01-01

151

Improving the Transportability of CBT for Internalizing Disorders in Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research provides strong support for the efficacy and effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment of childhood internalizing disorders. Given evidence for limited dissemination and implementation of CBT outside of academic settings, efforts are underway to improve its transportability so that more children with mental…

Elkins, R. Meredith; McHugh, R. Kathryn; Santucci, Lauren C.; Barlow, David H.

2011-01-01

152

CBT and Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comprehensive Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The overall intention of this project was to enhance awareness, for those involved with persons on the autism spectrum, of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) strategies for treating persons with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The project involved a literature review on autism and the use of CBT strategies for people with autism spectrum…

Kincade, Sharon R.; McBride, Dawn Lorraine

2009-01-01

153

Computer Training and Individual Differences: When Method Matters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews were conducted with 263 licensed users of training software, 68 of whom had used computer-based training (CBT), instructor-led training, and video tutorials. Videos were deemed the least useful. Instructor-led training had the most feedback and media richness, but CBT was an effective low-cost alternative. (SK)

Harp, Candace G.; Taylor, Sandra C.; Satzinger, John W.

1998-01-01

154

Problem-based learning in a competency-based world  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the needed shift in nursing education from an information-driven approach in teaching to a process that promotes higher level thinking and clinical judgement. Strengths and weaknesses of problem-based learning and competency-based education in nursing are presented. Whereas the former focuses on critical thinking and clinical judgement, the latter's emphasis is on clinical competency. The appropriateness of the

Gregory A. Bechtel; Ruth Davidhizar; Martha J. Bradshaw

1999-01-01

155

Competence-based risk perception in the project business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The perceived risk of services is not characterized by being inevitably higher than that of tangible products but rather by the fact that performance risk is bilateral and process-like. The aim of this paper is to explore the nature of this competence-based risk perception during different project transactions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research approach is a qualitative, exploring one.

Zoltán Veres

2009-01-01

156

Incorporating Competency-based Blended Learning in a Chinese Language Classroom: A Web 2.0 Drupal Module Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to create a blended learning environment, based on the concept of competency-based training, in a Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) classroom at an American university. Drupal platform and web 2.0 tools were used as supplements to traditional face-to-face classroom instruction. Students completed various selective tasks and assignments and received instructor's feedback through several online modules. Students

Chung-Kai Huang; Chun-Yu Lin; Yueh-Hui Chiang

2010-01-01

157

Teaching and assessing clinical skills: a competency-based programme in China.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to develop a competency-based clinical skills teaching and assessment programme in China utilizing modern teaching techniques. Medical teachers from three schools agreed on items for inclusion in the complete physical examination of an asymptomatic adult, an outline for an adult and paediatric history, and important interviewing skills. Lesson plans, performance checklists, and written and videotape training materials were developed. Standardized patients were trained at one school to assist with the teaching at that school and with the assessment at all three schools. A national, a provincial, and a local medical school in China were used. Before beginning the new curriculum for students in their first year of clinical training, baseline data were collected on skills of students at various levels of training in the previous curriculum at all three schools. Although in the previous curriculum there was some improvement in clinical skills among advanced compared to more junior students, performance was lower than expected by staff. One year after implementation of the new curriculum, students were evaluated. These students significantly outperformed their counterparts as well as the more senior level students tested the previous year. This project has established a competency-based teaching and assessment programme in China that allows for rapid improvement in the clinical skills of students. Within a short time, a sophisticated group of medical educators has been formed, who now function as consultants to other educators in their own country. Many aspects of this programme are being adapted throughout China and are applicable to medical schools throughout the world. PMID:9231122

Stillman, P L; Wang, Y; Ouyang, Q; Zhang, S; Yang, Y; Sawyer, W D

1997-01-01

158

When Failure Is Not An Option: Designing Competency-Based Pathways for Next Generation Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This exploration into competency-based innovation at the school, district, and state levels suggests that competency-based pathways are a re-engineering of this nation's education system around learning--a re-engineering designed for success in which failure is no longer an option. Competency-based approaches build upon standards reforms,…

Sturgis, Chris; Patrick, Susan

2010-01-01

159

The CB Reader. A Guide to Understanding the Competency-Based Adult Education Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains eleven exemplary articles that focus on topics related to competency-based adult education. Among the articles included are (1) Competency Based Education: Is It Applicable to Adult Education Programs?, by James E. Hertling; (2) What Adult Performance Level Is--and Is Not, by William G. Spady; (3) Competency Based

Parker, James T., Ed.; Taylor, Paul G., Ed.

160

Post-Stroke Depression and CBT with Older People  

Microsoft Academic Search

The empirical evidence as it pertains to Stroke and CBT is at an early stage. There are many issues that remain unresolved\\u000a and there remains a great deal of psychological research that requires to be undertaken, especially as recent metaanalyses\\u000a have concluded that while CBT may improve mood post-stroke, there is insufficient evidence for the routine use of psychotherapy\\u000a for

Ken Laidlaw

161

Improving the Transportability of CBT for Internalizing Disorders in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research provides strong support for the efficacy and effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment\\u000a of childhood internalizing disorders. Given evidence for limited dissemination and implementation of CBT outside of academic\\u000a settings, efforts are underway to improve its transportability so that more children with mental health needs may benefit\\u000a from treatment. Creative modifications to existing treatments aim to

R. Meredith Elkins; R. Kathryn McHugh; Lauren C. Santucci; David H. Barlow

2011-01-01

162

Patient-centered competency-based education in fixed prosthodontics.  

PubMed

Revision of a traditional fixed prosthodontic curriculum was undertaken in response to observed private practice patterns, recent literature in fixed prosthodontics, and an increasingly crowded dental school curriculum. The revision was further motivated by the commitment of the faculty to become patient-centered in all components of instruction. The resultant preclinical and clinical curriculum emphasizes patient care activities and minimizes student-generated laboratory products. This program is characterized as patient-driven, competency-based, and criterion-referenced, and it places heavy reliance on validated pedagogical strategies, which include evaluation of self and peers. The curriculum requires the development of good communication skills with peers, faculty, and commercial laboratories and creates time for the student to develop critical patient care skills without requiring more curriculum time. The new fixed prosthodontic curriculum appears to be consistent with current private general practice, national licensing examinations, and the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine's report to dental education. PMID:9028216

Nimmo, A; Knight, G W

1996-06-01

163

Defining competency-based evaluation objectives in family medicine  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To provide a pragmatic approach to the evaluation of communication skills using observable behaviours, as part of a multiyear project to develop competency-based evaluation objectives for Certification in family medicine. Design A nominal group technique was used to develop themes and subthemes and to identify positive and negative observable behaviours that demonstrate competence in communication in family medicine. Setting The College of Family Physicians of Canada in Mississauga, Ont. Participants An expert group of 7 family physicians and 1 educational consultant, all of whom had experience in assessing competence in family medicine. Group members represented the Canadian context with respect to region, sex, language, community type, and experience. Methods The group used the nominal group technique to derive a list of observable behaviours that would constitute a detailed operational definition of competence in communication skills; multiple iterations were used until saturation was achieved. The group met several times a year, and membership remained unchanged during the 4 years in which the work was conducted. The iterative process was undertaken twice—once for communication with patients and once for communication with colleagues. Main findings Five themes, 5 subthemes, and 106 positive and negative observable behaviours were generated. The subtheme of charting skills was defined using a key-features analysis. Conclusion Communication skills were defined in terms of themes and observable behaviours. These definitions were intended to help assess family physicians’ competence at the start of independent practice.

Laughlin, Tom; Wetmore, Stephen; Allen, Tim; Brailovsky, Carlos; Crichton, Tom; Bethune, Cheri; Donoff, Michel; Lawrence, Kathrine

2012-01-01

164

AI in Computer-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, intelligent approaches to CBT are put into several perspectives in an attempt to elucidate the concepts and give them a more realistic (and not only glamorous) footing. The role of expert systems in training is explored and possible routes towards intelligent CBT are outlined. [This paper was first published in "Interactive Learning…

Camstra, Bert

2008-01-01

165

Characteristics and Components of the TADS CBT Approach  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we describe the Acute phase of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) developed for and utilized in the Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS). The Acute phase of TADS CBT consists of eight skills that were considered essential to any CBT intervention for adolescent depression (e.g., mood monitoring, increasing pleasant activities, identifying cognitive distortions and developing realistic counter-thoughts). In addition, five optional individual CBT skills (e.g., relaxation, affect regulation) can be incorporated into treatment, depending on the needs of the adolescent. We describe each of these individual skills by reviewing the rationale for their inclusion in the treatment protocol and describing the format that is used to teach the skill area. Recommendations are provided for dealing with common challenges that can occur in the teaching of each skill module. It is our hope that clinicians will find this a useful introduction to this particular form of treatment and a practical guide to dealing with clinical problems common to the delivery of any cognitive behavioral intervention with depressed teens.

Rohde, Paul; Feeny, Norah C.; Robins, Michele

2007-01-01

166

Trauma-Focused CBT for Youth who Experience Ongoing Traumas  

PubMed Central

Many youth experience ongoing trauma exposure, such as domestic or community violence. Clinicians often ask whether evidence-based treatments containing exposure components to reduce learned fear responses to historical trauma are appropriate for these youth. Essentially the question is, if youth are desensitized to their trauma experiences, will this in some way impair their responding to current or ongoing trauma? The paper addresses practical strategies for implementing one evidence-based treatment, Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) for youth with ongoing traumas. Collaboration with local therapists and families participating in TF-CBT community and international programs elucidated effective strategies for applying TF-CBT with these youth. These strategies included: 1) enhancing safety early in treatment; 2) effectively engaging parents who experience personal ongoing trauma; and 3) during the trauma narrative and processing component focusing on a) increasing parental awareness and acceptance of the extent of the youths’ ongoing trauma experiences; b) addressing youths’ maladaptive cognitions about ongoing traumas; and c) helping youth differentiate between real danger and generalized trauma reminders. Case examples illustrate how to use these strategies in diverse clinical situations. Through these strategies TF-CBT clinicians can effectively improve outcomes for youth experiencing ongoing traumas.

Cohen, Judith A.; Mannarino, Anthony P.; Murray, Laura A.

2011-01-01

167

Trauma-focused CBT for youth who experience ongoing traumas.  

PubMed

Many youth experience ongoing trauma exposure, such as domestic or community violence. Clinicians often ask whether evidence-based treatments containing exposure components to reduce learned fear responses to historical trauma are appropriate for these youth. Essentially the question is, if youth are desensitized to their trauma experiences, will this in some way impair their responding to current or ongoing trauma? The paper addresses practical strategies for implementing one evidence-based treatment, Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) for youth with ongoing traumas. Collaboration with local therapists and families participating in TF-CBT community and international programs elucidated effective strategies for applying TF-CBT with these youth. These strategies included: (1) enhancing safety early in treatment; (2) effectively engaging parents who experience personal ongoing trauma; and (3) during the trauma narrative and processing component focusing on (a) increasing parental awareness and acceptance of the extent of the youths' ongoing trauma experiences; (b) addressing youths' maladaptive cognitions about ongoing traumas; and (c) helping youth differentiate between real danger and generalized trauma reminders. Case examples illustrate how to use these strategies in diverse clinical situations. Through these strategies TF-CBT clinicians can effectively improve outcomes for youth experiencing ongoing traumas. PMID:21855140

Cohen, Judith A; Mannarino, Anthony P; Murray, Laura K

2011-08-19

168

Conceptual versus Competency Approach in Human Relations Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines how changes in the Carkhuff Human Resources Development (HRD) training model affect the acquisition of defined interpersonal discrimination and communication skills. Compares a competency-based with a conceptual-based training group. Findings support competency-based training as more effective. (Author)|

Cash, Robert W.; Vellema, Clara K.

1979-01-01

169

Implementation of CBT for youth affected by the World Trade Center disaster: matching need to treatment intensity and reducing trauma symptoms.  

PubMed

An implementation study of cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBT) was conducted for traumatized youth in a postdisaster context. Headed by the New York State Office of Mental Health, the study targeted youth (N = 306) ages 5-21 affected by the World Trade Center disaster. They received either trauma-specific CBT or brief CBT skills depending upon the severity of trauma symptoms. Clinicians were trained to deliver these interventions and received monthly consultation. A regression discontinuity design was used to assess optimal strategies for matching need to service intensity. At 6-months postbaseline, both groups had improved. Rate of change was similar despite differences in severity of need. The implications for the implementation of evidence-based treatments postdisaster are discussed. PMID:21171130

2010-11-29

170

Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

2010-01-01

171

Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

2010-01-01

172

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. After the introduction, which provides a rationale for competency-based instruction in the prevocational curriculum, the following sections are included in the guide: development and validation…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

173

On Competence: A Critical Analysis of Competence-Based Reforms in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The origins, accomplishments, problems, and implications of competence-based reforms in higher education are examined. Competence-based education is defined as that form of education that derives a curriculum from an analysis of a prospective or actual role in modern society and that attempts to certify student progress on the bases of…

Grant, Gerald; And Others

174

Competency-Based Performance Appraisals: Improving Performance Evaluations of School Nutrition Managers and Assistants/Technicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of the research was to develop a competency-based performance appraisal resource for evaluating school nutrition (SN) managers and assistants/technicians. Methods: A two-phased process was used to develop the competency-based performance appraisal resource for SN managers and assistants/technicians. In Phase I, draft…

Cross, Evelina W.; Asperin, Amelia Estepa; Nettles, Mary Frances

2009-01-01

175

Processes of Change in CBT of Adolescent Depression: Review and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing body of research supports the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for adolescent depression. The mechanisms through which CBT exerts its beneficial effects on adolescent patients suffering from depression, however, remain unclear. The current article reviews the CBT for adolescent depression process literature. Our review…

Webb, Christian A.; Auerbach, Randy P.; DeRubeis, Robert J.

2012-01-01

176

The Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on Depression: The Role of Problem-Solving Appraisal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Many studies have confirmed the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as a treatment for depression. However, the mechanism of CBT for depression reduction is still not well understood. This study explored the mechanism of CBT from the perspective of individuals' problem-solving appraisal. Method: A one-group pretest-posttest…

Chen, Szu-Yu; Jordan, Catheleen; Thompson, Sanna

2006-01-01

177

Processes of Change in CBT of Adolescent Depression: Review and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A growing body of research supports the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for adolescent depression. The mechanisms through which CBT exerts its beneficial effects on adolescent patients suffering from depression, however, remain unclear. The current article reviews the CBT for adolescent depression process literature. Our review…

Webb, Christian A.; Auerbach, Randy P.; DeRubeis, Robert J.

2012-01-01

178

Competence-based curriculum development for general practice in Germany: a stepwise peer-based approach instead of reinventing the wheel  

PubMed Central

Background Improving postgraduate medical training is one important step to attract more medical students into general practice. Keeping pace with international developments moving to competence-based curricula for general practice training, the aim of this project was to develop and implement such a curriculum in Germany. Methods A five-step, peer-based method was used for the curriculum development process including panel testing and a “test version” of the curriculum for the pilot implementation phase. The CanMEDS framework served as a basis for a new German competence-based curriculum in general practice training. Four curricula from European countries and Canada were reviewed and, following required cultural adaptions, key strengths from these were integrated. For the CanMEDS “medical expertise” element of the curriculum, the WONCA ICPC-2 classification of patient’s “reason for encounters” was also integrated. Results Altogether, 37 participants were involved in the development process representing 12 different federal states in Germany, and including an expert advisor from Denmark. An official “test version” of the curriculum consisting of three parts: medical expertise, additional competencies and medical procedures was established. A system of self-assessment for trainees was integrated into the curriculum using a traffic light scale. Since March 2012, the curriculum has been made freely available online as a “test version”. In 2014, an evaluation is planned using feedback from users of the test model as a further stage of the implementation process. Conclusions The first German competence-based curriculum for general practice training has been developed using a pragmatic peer controlled approach and implementation is being trialed with a “test version” of the curriculum. This model project and its peer-based methodology may support competence-based curriculum development for other medical specialties both inside and outside Germany.

2013-01-01

179

Testing the MBT/CBT continental paleothermometer (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recently developed MBT/CBT (methylation of branched tetraethers/cyclisation of branched tetraethers) proxy is based on the relative abundance of branched glycerol dialkyl tetraether (GDGT) lipids, derived from bacteria that occur ubiquitously in soils and peats. The degree of cyclisation and methylation, expressed in the CBT and MBT indices, show an empirical relation with soil pH, and with both mean annual air temperature and soil pH, respectively. Hence, continental paleotemperatures can be reconstructed based on the combination of these two indices [1]. Straight forward validation of the MBT/CBT proxy by cultivation experiments is not possible, since the exact group of bacteria that produces the branched GDGTs is still unknown. Therefore, we tested the influence of soil pH and temperature on the distribution of branched GDGTs in natural and manipulated environments. Indeed, branched GDGT distributions in geothermally heated soils and along altitude transects vary systematically with temperature. Likewise, branched GDGT distributions in a long term pH-manipulated field experiment track the changes in soil pH. Absolute concentrations of branched GDGTs in the pH-manipulated fields are highest at low pH, and suggest that the branched GDGT-producers may be found in the phylum of Acidobacteria. A large variety of cultures are currently screened for these compounds. Reference: [1] Weijers et al., 2007, GCA 71, 703-713.

Peterse, F.; Schouten, S.; Sinninghe Damste, J. S.

2010-12-01

180

Auto Body Repair--Teacher's Guide. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This instructor's guide is designed to be used as a reference and an aid in implementing the auto body repair curriculum for training auto body repairers, shop estimators, or auto painters. (See note regarding companion student materials.) Introductory sections describe briefly the methods of identification and validation of job titles and…

Radio Corp. of America, Palo Alto, CA. Education Systems.

181

Tashelheet: A Competency-Based Curriculum, Beginning & Intermediate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Peace Corps volunteer language training materials for the Moroccan language Tashelheet are designed for group, individual, or self-instruction. An introductory section gives the learner an overview of language characteristics, the materials, and their design. The main section of the materials is divided into two parts. The first contains 16…

Lamjaimer, Rashid

182

Tamazight: A Competency-Based Curriculum, Beginning & Intermediate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Peace Corps volunteer language training materials for the Moroccan language Tamazight are designed for group, individual, or self-instruction. An introductory section gives the learner an overview of language characteristics, the materials, and their design. The main section of the materials is divided into three parts. The first contains 16…

Azaguagh, Lahcen

183

CBT for Medication Adherence and Depression (CBT-AD) in HIV-Infected Patients Receiving Methadone Maintenance Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

For individuals with HIV who are current or former injection drug users, depression is a common, distressing condition that can interfere with a critical self-care behavior—adherence to antiretroviral therapy. The present study describes the feasibility and outcome, in a case series approach, of cognitive behavioral therapy to improve adherence and depression (CBT-AD) among individuals with HIV and depression undergoing methadone

Nafisseh Soroudi; Giselle K. Perez; Jeffrey S. Gonzalez; Joseph A. Greer; Mark H. Pollack; Michael W. Otto; Steven A. Safren

2008-01-01

184

Evaluative Research Design for a Competency-Based Critical Care Orientation Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using a Time-Series Single Group evaluative research design, this study examined: (1) the degree to which critical care orientees learn the selected cognitive/affective content and psychomotor performance skills of the Critical Care Competency-Based Orien...

F. T. Kennedy

1983-01-01

185

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Fiberglass Technician. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on fiberglass technician. This program covers 12 instructional areas: orientation, safety, introduction to fiberglass-reinforced plastics, hand lay-up, introduction to equipment operation, chopper operation, gel-coat equipment, finish and…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

186

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Clerical Clusters. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on clerical occupations. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 10 instructional areas: beginning typing, typing I, typing II, duplicating, receptionist activities, general office procedures, operation of electronic calculator,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

187

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Maintenance Mechanics. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on maintenance mechanics. This program is designed to run 40 weeks and cover 5 instructional areas: basic electricity (14 weeks); maintenance and repair of heating (4 weeks); maintenance and repair of air conditioning (12 weeks); maintenance…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

188

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Food Service. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on food service. This program is designed to run 24 weeks and cover 15 instructional areas: orientation, sanitation, management/planning, preparing food for cooking, preparing beverages, cooking eggs, cooking meat, cooking vegetables,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

189

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Machine Trades. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on machine trades. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 6 instructional areas: use of measuring tools; benchwork/tool bit grinding; lathe work; milling work; precision grinding; and combination machine work. A duty-task index…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

190

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Machine Trades. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on machine trades. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 6 instructional areas: use of measuring tools; benchwork/tool bit grinding; lathe work; milling work; precision grinding; and combination machine work. A duty-task index…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

191

ADAPT[IT]: Tools for Training Design and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a set of computerized tools that support the instructional design and evaluation of competency-based training programs. Discusses authentic whole-task practice situations; the 4C/ID* methodology; an evaluation tool that supports the subsequent revision of the competency-based training design; and future plans. (Author/LRW)|

de Croock, Marcel B. M.; Paas, Fred; Schlanbusch, Henrik; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2002-01-01

192

Online Training: A New Form of Computer-Based Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continuing development of telecommunication technology has made possible a new form of computer-based training (CBT)—online training (OLT), using computer networks as the primary channel to conduct training activities. OLT provides the flexibility and efficiency of computer-based training as well as the individual attention and support of instructor-guided training. The implementation of OLT can take many forms. Its difficulty depends

Albert H. Huang

1997-01-01

193

Learning Application Suite Creating and Playing SCORM Compatible Web and Computer Based Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the process of developing Web Based Training (WBT) applications, the Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) has become the most common eLearning standard making it possible to integrate eLearning objects from different sources in a common environment, but it is not intended to deliver offline Computer Based Training (CBT) on CD or DVD. CBT should also profit from the

Marco Nordmann; Jens Neumann

2008-01-01

194

Exploratory nondestructive evaluation (NDE) research for advanced materials and processes: Volume 3 -- Interactive multimedia computer based training (IMCBT) for nondestructive evaluation\\/inspection (NDE\\/I) personnel. Final report, 1 July 1995--30 April 1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interactive Multimedia Computer Based Training (IMCBT) for Nondestructive Inspection (NDE\\/I) Personnel: Computer Based Training (CBT) is a highly effective method for industrial training that has been growing in popularity. Text, graphics, sound, movies and animation enhance the learning activity. Interactive Multimedia CBT (IMCBT) allows students to learn in an environment where the training material is presented on a computer workstation

Bossi; B. Knutson; R. Nerenberg; L. Deobald; J. Nelson

1998-01-01

195

Prognostic indices with brief and standard CBT for panic disorder: I. Predictors of outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Despite the growth of reduced therapist-contact cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programmes, there have been few systematic attempts to determine prescriptive indicators for such programmes vis-a` -vis more standard forms of CBT delivery. The present study aimed to address this in relation to brief (6-week) and standard (12-week) therapist-directed CBT for panic disorder (PD) with and without agoraphobia. Higher baseline

JUSTIN A. KENARDY; DEREK W. JOHNSTON; MICHELLE G. NEWMAN; C. BARR TAYLOR; AILEEN THOMSON

2007-01-01

196

Dissemination of CBTI to the Non-Sleep Specialist: Protocol Development and Training Issues  

PubMed Central

Strong evidence supports the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI). A significant barrier to wide dissemination of CBTI is the lack of qualified practitioners. We describe challenges and decisions made when developing a CBTI dissemination program in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). The program targets mental health clinicians from different disciplines (psychiatry, psychology, social work, and nursing) with varying familiarity and experience with general principles of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT). We explain the scope of training (how much to teach about the science of sleep, comorbid sleep disorders, other medical and mental health comorbidities, and hypnotic-dependent insomnia), discuss adaptation of CBTI to address the unique challenges posed by comorbid insomnia, and describe decisions made about the strategy of training (principles, structure and materials developed/recommended). Among these decisions is the question of how to balance the structure and flexibility of the treatment protocol. We developed a case conceptualization-driven approach and provide a general session-by-session outline. Training licensed therapists who already have many professional obligations required that the training be completed in a relatively short time with minimal disruptions to training participants' routine work responsibilities. These “real-life” constraints shaped the development of this competency-based, yet pragmatic training program. We conclude with a description of preliminary lessons learned from the initial wave of training and propose future directions for research and dissemination. Citation: Manber R; Carney C; Edinger J; Epstein D; Friedman L; Haynes PL; Karlin BE; Pigeon W; Siebern AT; Trockel M. Dissemination of CBTI to the non-sleep specialist: protocol development and training issues. J Clin Sleep Med 2012;8(2):209-218.

Manber, Rachel; Carney, Colleen; Edinger, Jack; Epstein, Dana; Friedman, Leah; Haynes, Patricia L.; Karlin, Bradley E.; Pigeon, Wilfred; Siebern, Allison T.; Trockel, Mickey

2012-01-01

197

Identifying the policy implications of competency-based education.  

PubMed

At their 2009 consensus conference, the International CBME Collaborators proposed a number of central tenets of CBME in order to advance the field of medical education. Although the proposed conceptualization of CBME offers several advantages and opportunities, including a greater emphasis on outcomes, a mechanism for the promotion of learner-centred curricula, and the potential to move away from time-based training and credentialing in medicine, it is also associated with several significant barriers to adoption. This paper examines the concepts of CBME through a broad educational policy lens, identifying considerations for medical education leaders, health care institutions, and policy-makers at both the meso (program, institutional) and macro (health care system, inter-jurisdictional, and international) levels. Through this analysis, it is clear that CBME is associated with a number of complex challenges and questions, and cannot be considered in isolation from the complex systems in which it functions. Much more work is needed to engage stakeholders in dialogue, to debate the issues, and to identify possible solutions. PMID:20662582

Taber, Sarah; Frank, Jason R; Harris, Kenneth A; Glasgow, Nicholas J; Iobst, William; Talbot, Martin

2010-01-01

198

20 CFR 670.505 - What types of training must Job Corps centers provide?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...vocational and social skills training. The Secretary provides curriculum...competency-based or individualized training in an occupational area that...long-term employment. (1) Specific vocational training programs offered by...

2013-04-01

199

Training engineering: A parametric approach to computer-based training design  

SciTech Connect

Training engineering, a new model for computer-based training (CBT), has been devised and put into use by the Cognitive Engineering Design and Research Team (CEDAR) at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Training engineering is the application of scientific principles to the design, construction, and operation of efficient training systems. Such an approach is necessary because of the level of complexity CBT design and development has reached with the new advanced technologies. Instructional designers are under pressure to implement these new technologies more rapidly than has been required in the past, yet few models have emerged to aid designers in this process. Training engineering is such a model. It provides techniques for design and development that are derived from successful engineering techniques. This paper begins with a discussion of the engineering approach and then applies this approach to training. Examples from prototype CBT projects at Los Alamos are used throughout to illustrate the training engineering concept. 8 refs.

Trainor, M.S.; Andrews, A.E.

1987-01-01

200

Exploratory Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Research for Advanced Materials and Processes. Volume 3: Interactive Multimedia Computer Based Training (IMCBT) for Nondestructive Evaluation/Inspection (NDE/I) Personnel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Interactive Multimedia Computer Based Training (IMCBT) for Nondestructive Inspection (NDE/I) Personnel: Computer Based Training (CBT) is a highly effective method for industrial training that has been growing in popularity. Text, graphics, sound, movies a...

Bossi B. Knutson R. Nerenberg L. Deobald J. Nelson

1998-01-01

201

Using a competency-based approach to patient education: achieving congruence among learning, teaching and evaluation.  

PubMed

Millions of Americans are living with, and managing, their chronic health problems. Patient education plays an essential role in promoting safe self-management practice. To ensure that patients attain the required abilities, patient education needs to be competency-based. When developing and applying a competency-based patient education lesson/program, each nurse must answer questions concerning essential competencies, optimal teaching methods, best method to evaluate patient achievement, and documentation of evidence. This article describes how the authors used these questions as a guide to achieve congruence among intended learning, instruction, and evaluation to design and implement a patient education program, Managing Heart Failure, at a local hospital. PMID:21791264

Su, Whei Ming; Herron, Bobbi; Osisek, Paul J

2011-09-01

202

Web-based therapist training on cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety disorders: a pilot study.  

PubMed

The need for clinicians to use evidence-based practices (such as cognitive behavior therapy [CBT]) is now well recognized. However, a gap exists between the need for empirically based treatments and their availability. This is due, in part, to a shortage of clinicians formally trained on CBT. To address this problem, we developed a Web-based therapist CBT training program, to increase accessibility to this training. The program uses a two-step approach: an interactive multimedia online tutorial for didactic training on CBT concepts, followed by live remote observation through a videoconference of trainees conducting CBT, with immediate feedback in real time during critical moments to enhance learning through iterative guidance and practice. Thirty-nine clinicians from around the county completed the online didactic training and 22 completed the live remote training. Results found a significant increase in knowledge of CBT concepts and a significant increase in clinical skills, as judged by a blind rater. User satisfaction was high for both the online tutorial and the videoconference training. Utilization of CBT by trainees increased after training. Results support the acceptability and effectiveness of this Web-based approach to training. PMID:23398031

Kobak, Kenneth A; Craske, Michelle G; Rose, Raphael D; Wolitsky-Taylor, Kate

2013-02-11

203

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Suicide Prevention (CBT-SP): Treatment Model, Feasibility, and Acceptability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To describe the elements of a manual-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for suicide prevention (CBT-SP) and to report its feasibility in preventing the recurrence of suicidal behavior in adolescents who have recently attempted suicide. Method: The CBT-SP was developed using a risk reduction and relapse prevention approach and…

Stanley, Barbara; Brown, Gregory; Brent, David A.; Wells, Karen; Poling, Kim; Curry, John; Kennard, Betsy D.; Wagner, Ann; Cwik, Mary F.; Klomek, Anat Brunstein; Goldstein, Tina; Vitiello, Benedetto; Barnett, Shannon; Daniel, Stephanie; Hughes, Jennifer

2009-01-01

204

The relationship between treatment implementation factors and core CBT goals in adolescent substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent substance abuse continues to be a major problem in this country and effective treatments are needed to minimize the negative consequences associated with drug use. Although research has supported the use of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to treat adolescent substance abuse, clinicians know little about which treatment factors are most important to achieving positive outcome. Treatment implementation factors in CBT

Adam L Fried

2007-01-01

205

The Irritable Bowel Syndrome Outcome Study (IBSOS): Rationale and design of a randomized, placebo-controlled trial with 12 month follow up of self- versus clinician-administered CBT for moderate to severe irritable bowel syndrome  

PubMed Central

Irritable bowel syndrome is a common, oftentimes disabling, gastrointestinal disorder whose full range of symptoms has no satisfactory medical or dietary treatment. One of the few empirically validated treatments includes a specific psychological therapy called cognitive behavior therapy which, if available, is typically administered over several months by trained practitioners in tertiary care settings. There is an urgent need to develop more efficient versions of CBT that require minimal professional assistance but retain the efficacy profile of clinic based CBT. The Irritable Bowel Syndrome Outcome Study (IBSOS) is a multicenter, placebo-controlled randomized trial to evaluate whether a self-administered version of CBT is, at least as efficacious as standard CBT and more efficacious than an attention control in reducing core GI symptoms of IBS and its burden (e.g. distress, quality of life impairment, etc) in moderately to severely affected IBS patients. Additional goals are to assess, at quarterly intervals, the durability of treatment response over a 12 month period; to identify clinically useful patient characteristics associated with outcome as a way of gaining an understanding of subgroups of participants for whom CBT is most beneficial; to identify theory-based change mechanisms (active ingredients) that explain how and why CBT works; and evaluate the economic costs and benefits of CBT. Between August 2010 when IBSOS began recruiting subjects and February 2012, the IBSOS randomized 171 of 480 patients. Findings have the potential to improve the health of IBS patients, reduce its social and economic costs, conserve scarce health care resources, and inform evidence-based practice guidelines.

Lackner, Jeffrey M.; Keefer, Laurie; Jaccard, James; Firth, Rebecca; Brenner, Darren; Bratten, Jason; Dunlap, Laura J.; Byroads, Mark

2012-01-01

206

Implementation of MET/CBT 5 for Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Implementation of effective substance abuse treatment programs in community settings is a high priority. The selection of a proven cost-effective model is a first step; however, difficulty arises when the model is imported into a community setting. The Center on Substance Abuse Treatment selected a brief substance abuse treatment program for adolescents, the MET/CBT-5 program, determined to be the most cost effective protocol in the Cannabis Youth Treatment trial, for implementation in two cohorts of Effective Adolescent Treatment grantees. A qualitative investigation of the protocol implementation with nine sites in the second cohort chronicled adaptations made by grantees and prospects for sustainability. The study found that agencies introduced adaptations without seeming to be aware of potential effects on validity. In most sites sessions were lengthened or added to accommodate individual client needs, address barriers to client participation, and provide consistency with current norms of treatment. Implications for fidelity of future implementation projects are addressed.

Riley, Katherine J.; Rieckmann, Traci; McCarty, Dennis

2013-01-01

207

"Cost effectiveness of computer-assisted training in cognitive-behavioral therapy as an adjunct to standard care for addiction"  

PubMed Central

Aim To determine the cost effectiveness, from clinic and patient perspectives, of a computer-based version of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT4CBT) as an addition to regular clinical practice for substance dependence. Participants, Design and Measurements This cost-effectiveness study is based on a randomized clinical trial in which 77 individuals seeking treatment for substance dependence at an outpatient community setting were randomly assigned to treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU plus biweekly access to computer-based training in CBT (TAU plus CBT4CBT). The primary patient outcome measure was the total number of drug-free specimens provided during treatment. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) and cost-effectiveness acceptability curves (CEACs) were used to determine the cost-effectiveness of TAU plus CBT4CBT relative to TAU alone. Results are presented from both the clinic and patient perspectives and are shown to be robust to (i) sensitivity analyses and (ii) a secondary objective patient outcome measure. Findings The per patient cost of adding CBT4CBT to standard care was $39 ($27) from the clinic (patient) perspective. From the clinic (patient) perspective, TAU plus CBT4CBT is likely to be cost-effective when the threshold value to decision makers of an additional drug-free specimen is greater than approximately $21 ($15), and TAU alone is likely to be cost-effective when the threshold value is less than approximately $21 ($15). The ICERs for TAU plus CBT4CBT also compare favorably to ICERs reported elsewhere for other empirically-validated therapies, including contingency management. Conclusions TAU plus CBT4CBT appears to be a good value from both the clinic and patient perspectives.

Olmstead, Todd A.; Ostrow, Cary D.; Carroll, Kathleen M.

2010-01-01

208

The effect of competence-based trust between physicians and administrative executives in healthcare on decision outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Research on strategic decision making has over-emphasized the importance of competence-based trust among the team members. Literature on healthcare is silent on the impact of competence-based trust between the physicians and administrators on decision outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate whether competence-based trust between physician executives and administrators is beneficial to the healthcare organizations.

Satyanarayana Parayitam

2010-01-01

209

Life Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on life science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Life Process, Cells, Levels of Organization, Organ Systems, Food and Oxygen-Photosynthesis, Cycles, Energy, Resources, Cell…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

210

Competency Based Education Curriculum for the Orientation and Safety Program of the Oil and Gas Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based education curriculum for teaching the orientation and safety program for the oil and gas industry in West Virginia is organized into seven units. These units cover the following topics: introduction to oil and gas, first aid, site preparation, drilling operations, equipment familiarity, well completion, and preparation for…

United Career Center, Clarksburg, WV.

211

Student Outcomes: Investigating Competency-Based Curriculum in Adult Basic Education. Research Report No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The outcomes attained by Australian adults enrolled in competency-based Certificate in Adult Foundation Education (CAFE) courses were examined. Special attention was paid to the outcomes achieved by students in the two lowest of the CAFE program's four levels. The main data sources were as follows: literature review; enrollment data from the…

Hazell, Pat

212

Evolution of an Innovation: Development of a Competency-Based Educational Research Course, 1972-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the fall quarter 1972, a total competency-based educational research course was offered at Florida International University. At that time, the course was characterized by prescribed competencies, criterion-referenced evaluation, the absence of tests, credit-no credit grading, self pacing, unlimited recycling to criterion, and individual…

Gay, L. R.

213

Illustrations for a Competency Based Curriculum Guide: Ethanol Spark Ignition Engine Conversion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains 56 illustrations for use in an Illinois-developed competency-based course in ethanol spark ignition engine conversion. Each illustration is related to a specific competency in the course curriculum guide. Illustrations, which include photographs and line drawings, cover some of the following topics: carburetion,…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Adult, Vocational and Technical Education.

214

American Government. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on American government is divided into fourteen topics. The topics included are: definition of "State"; left to right political spectrum; Dictatorship vs. Democracy; Capitalism, Communism,…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

215

Auto Body Repair. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Ormsbee, Robert

216

Competency-Based Occupational Standards: Influences on Australian Speech Pathology Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Speech Pathology Australia developed competency-based occupational standards in response to a national government initiative across all professions and these standards have formed the basis for the accreditation process of speech pathology education programmes in Australia since 1994. This paper presents a critical appraisal of the contribution of a competency framework to curricular design, focussing on both content coverage and teaching

Alison Ferguson

2006-01-01

217

Deserved, Defensible Diplomas: Lessons from High Schools with Competency-Based Graduation Requirements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication presents findings of a study that examined high schools with competency-based graduation systems. Data were obtained from interviews with officials at 29 schools in 17 states. Many of the schools were members of the Coalition of Essential Schools. Four schools are described in detail: Central Park East in New York City, New York;…

Nathan, Joe; And Others

218

Competency Based Curricula Development for the Mining and Related Industries. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report of a curriculum research project conducted to develop a competency based curriculum for the mining and related industries is presented in three parts. First, the activities that took place during the last two months of the project are summarized. Second, an overview of the accomplishments of the project during the entire funding…

Buriak, John P.

219

Dental Assisting. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mattia, Nancy

220

The Design of Competency-Based Performance Assessment in E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the design of competency-based performance assessment in e-learning. Though effort has been invested in designing powerful e-learning environments, relatively little attention has been paid to the design of valid and reliable assessments in such environments, leaving many questions to educational developers and teachers.…

Sluijsmans, Dominique M. A.; Prins, Frans J.; Martens, Rob L.

2006-01-01

221

Lessons Learned from the Competency-Based Curriculum Initiative at Baylor College of Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chronicles development of the Baylor College of Dentistry (Texas) competency-based curriculum and outlines 11 lessons learned concerning strategic planning, external accountability, value of significant and continuing faculty participation, administrative support structures, linking planning and assessment, using multiple assessment methods,…

McCann, Ann L.; Babler, William J.; Cohen, Peter A.

1998-01-01

222

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Laser Technology. September 1980-June 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains materials developed by a project to provide a competency-based curriculum guide for laser technology at the community college level. An abstract of the final report is included. Next, the 17 job competencies determined as necessary to meet the job description of laser technician are listed. A career ladder and…

Fioroni, John J.

223

Organizing and Conducting Staff Development Activities for Vocational Teachers. Competency-Based Administrator Education Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a set of seven instructional materials designed for competency-based vocational education administrator education, this module is intended to assist the learner in developing or reacquiring the necessary skills to administer a quality staff development program. Emphasis is placed on four skills related to meeting teachers' inservice needs:…

Ely, Ron H.; And Others

224

Competency-Based Curriculum Development in Medical Education. An Introduction. Public Health Papers No. 68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for members of the World Health Organization, this guide on competency-based curriculum development in medical education may be applied to programs for other health professions and occupations. An explanation of subject-centered curricula and integrated curricula is offered, and ways in which these models differ from…

McGaghie, William C.; And Others

225

Competency-based curriculum development: An experimental model for social service workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The call for relevance in higher education has opened the doorway from the classroom to the community. Creative methods to provide viable academic exercises within this context are being sought by increasing numbers of faculty and administrators. Competency-based curriculum development is one method being proposed as having strong potential. This article describes a competency design and documentation process that was

George C. Burrill

1977-01-01

226

Building Competency-Based Pathways: Successes and Challenges from Leaders in the Field. A Forum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This forum provided an overview of competency-based pathways to education and described programs that have successfully utilized these pathways to move all students to success in high school and beyond. Speakers highlighted how innovative learning environments that base student advancement upon mastery of measurable learning objectives have been…

American Youth Policy Forum, 2011

2011-01-01

227

Fashion Merchandising. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Williams, Edwina

228

Cosmetology/Hairstyling. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Romano, Marie

229

Lessons Learned from the Competency-Based Curriculum Initiative at Baylor College of Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chronicles development of the Baylor College of Dentistry (Texas) competency-based curriculum and outlines 11 lessons learned concerning strategic planning, external accountability, value of significant and continuing faculty participation, administrative support structures, linking planning and assessment, using multiple assessment methods,…

McCann, Ann L.; Babler, William J.; Cohen, Peter A.

1998-01-01

230

The Virtual Company: Toward a Self-Directed, Competence-Based Learning Environment in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the concept of a Virtual Company--a collaborative, distributed learning environment built on the notions of competence-based, constructivist, open learning, and distance education. It features an authentic, role-playing game that is strongly modeled upon the functional structures of real-life companies. Outlines the set-up of a Virtual…

Westera, Wim; Sloep, Peter B.

1998-01-01

231

Research and Evaluation in Operational Competency-Based Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a collection of papers presented at a 1974 conference on research and evaluation in operational competency-based teacher education (CBTE) programs. Two conceptual models for research and evaluation of CBTE activities were presented at the conference and the presentations of these models are the first two chapters of this collection: "A…

Dickson, George E., Ed.

1975-01-01

232

Faculty Ratings as Part of a Competency-Based Evaluation Clinic Grading System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a quarterly rating system developed to replace daily grading in a dental school with a competency-based educational model. Presents results from an early administration of the ratings. These results, for 126 students, show excellent face validity and rater consistency and satisfy the school's standard for grade defensibility. (SLD)

Chambers, David W.

1999-01-01

233

Evaluating Assessment Quality in Competence-Based Education: A Qualitative Comparison of Two Frameworks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because learning and instruction are increasingly competence-based, the call for assessment methods to adequately determine competence is growing. Using just one single assessment method is not sufficient to determine competence acquisition. This article argues for Competence Assessment Programmes (CAPs), consisting of a combination of different…

Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Bastiaens, Theo J.; Kirschner, Paul A.; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

2007-01-01

234

Welding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Browning, Terry

235

Building a Competency-Based Curriculum Architecture to Educate 21st-Century Business Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competency-based instruction can be applied to a military setting, an academic program, or a corporate environment with a focus on producing performance-based learning outcomes. In this article, the authors provide theoretical and practical information about underlying characteristics of competencies and explain how the Department of…

Chyung, Seung Youn; Stepich, Donald; Cox, David

2006-01-01

236

Remediating and Enriching Performance Learning. Implementing Competency Based Education in Community Colleges, 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series on implementing competency-based education, this monograph discusses some diagnostic and prescriptive techniques which can be used in the day-to-day management of performance learning to determine which students need remediation or enrichment. Using analogies from detective work, the monograph suggests ways of assessing students'…

Loomis, Katherine A.; And Others

237

Competency-Based Common-Core Curriculum for Criminal Justice Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the competency-based, common-core criminal justice curriculum developed to respond to a need for a curriculum recognized by Arizona criminal justice agencies, community colleges, and universities. It contains the five courses of the core curriculum--Introduction to Criminal Justice, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Rules…

Arizona State Board of Directors for Junior Colleges, Phoenix.

238

Competency-based instruction in critical invasive skills improves both resident performance and patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Correct performance of invasive skills is essential, but residents often undertake such procedures after no or minimal instruction. Methods: We instructed eight postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents in the cadaver laboratory using a competency-based approach (CBI). Each resident had been evaluated before the laboratory during patient encounters. Group instruction in endotracheal tube insertion (ET), venous cutdown (VC), and chest

Marcel Martin; Bhupesh Vashisht; Eldo Frezza; Terri Ferone; Barbara Lopez; Murlidhar Pahuja; Richard K. Spence

1998-01-01

239

A Critical Time for Medical Education: The Perils of Competence-Based Reform of the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the…

Malone, Karen; Supri, Salinder

2012-01-01

240

Earth and Physical Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on earth and physical science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Natural Disasters, Chemical Reaction, Laboratory, States of Matter, Force and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

241

Building Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; a preface; a…

Gudzak, Raymond

242

Retailing. Instructor's Guide Sheets and Instructor's Package, Modules R 1-45. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This package contains instructor's guide sheets and student task assignment sheets for Modules R 1-45 of the competency-based curriculum in retailing developed for use in secondary and postsecondary schools in Kentucky. Some of the topics covered in the modules include the following: retailing--past, present, and future; retailing occupations;…

Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort.

243

School Television for Social Studies: A Competency-Based Matrix, Grades K-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This matrix keys the objectives of the school television programs to the objectives of the grades K-3 competency-based curriculum. Eight programs of the "Out and About" series address science and social studies competency goals and objectives for kindergarten and grade 1. Titles of the lessons are: "Making Friends"; "Keeping Friends"; "Ways to…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

244

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Computer Integrated Manufacturing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in computer-integrated manufacturing. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

245

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Automated Systems/Robotics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in automated systems/robotics. Existing programs were reviewed by the task force and a list of sample competencies was developed and sent to area…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

246

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

247

United States History. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Proejct.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on United States history is divided into twenty-four topics. The topics included are: Backgrounds of American Colonization; Colonial Life; Causes of the American Revolution; Creating a New…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

248

Marine Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Abbott, Alan

249

Barriers and Policy Solutions for Statewide Implementation of Competency-Based Voc Ed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barriers to successful implementation of competency-based vocational education (CBVE) programs include misperceptions about CBVE as well as a lack of funds and support services. These barriers can be overcome with a coordinated effort at the state level. (Author/CH)

Lange, Robert R.; And Others

1986-01-01

250

Summary of Actions Taken by Selected States Involved in Developing Competency-Based Certification Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews actions taken by selected states as they move to implement competency-based teacher education and certification systems (CBTE-CBC). Following a brief discussion of the role of the state in developing CBTE-CBC, three major issues are presented: a) the type of consortium procedures used, b) the manner in which competencies are to…

Pitman, John C.

251

Health Services: Clinical. Medical Laboratory Aide. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This instructors manual consists of materials for use in presenting a course in the occupational area of medical laboratory aide. Included in the first part of the guide are a program master sequence; a master listing of instructional materials, equipment, and supplies; an overview of the competency-based vocational education (CBVE) system; and…

Cave, Julie; And Others

252

Competency-Based Curriculum Development in Medical Education. An Introduction. Public Health Papers No. 68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as a resource for members of the World Health Organization, this guide on competency-based curriculum development in medical education may be applied to programs for other health professions and occupations. An explanation of subject-centered curricula and integrated curricula is offered, and ways in which these models differ from…

McGaghie, William C.; And Others

253

Marine Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Abbott, Alan

254

Introduction to MADE (Careers). Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide is one in a series of competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). It consists of some introductory remarks concerning the course, a lesson plan, a course outline, and four sections of lessons for use in implementing the course. Covered in the individual sections are the…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

255

Cogenerating a Competency-based HRM Degree: A Model and Some Lessons from Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A competency-based degree program in human resource management was co-generated by six groups of stakeholders who synthesized competency models using group decision support software. The program focuses on core human resource processes, general business management, strategic decision making and problem solving, change management, and personal…

Wooten, Kevin C.; Elden, Max

2001-01-01

256

Health Services: Clinical. Respiratory Therapy Aide. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual consists of materials for use in presenting a course in the occupational area of respiratory therapy aide. Included in the first part of the guide are a program master sequence; a master listing of instructional materials, equipment, and supplies; an overview of the competency-based vocational education (CBVE) system; and…

Cave, Julie; And Others

257

Competency-Based Leadership Selection Case Study: Peterborough Regional Health Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the healthcare industry's growing emphasis on accountability and leadership competencies, the Peterborough Regional Health Centre (PRHC) has adopted a Human Resource Strategy that uses a competency-based model to guide the full range of Human Resource activities for its leaders. This article outlines the model that has allowed for the strategic placement of Directors and Managers into positions

Allison Philpot; Rob Devitt; Jane Parr

2002-01-01

258

Supporting Self-Regulated Personalised Learning through Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents two current research trends in e-learning that at first sight appear to compete. Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory (CBKST) provides a knowledge representation framework which, since its invention by Doignon & Falmagne, has been successfully applied in various e-learning systems (for example, Adaptive Learning with…

Steiner, Christina M.; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Albert, Dietrich

2009-01-01

259

Occupational Home Economics Education Series. Catering Services. Competency Based Teaching Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of ten competency based modules developed for vocational home economics teachers, is based on a job cluster in the catering industry. It is designed for use with a variety of levels of learners (secondary, postsecondary, adult) in both school and non-school educational settings. Focusing on two levels of employment, food caterer…

Lowe, Phyllis; And Others

260

Industrial Arts Instructional Tasks/Competencies for Energy and Power. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This instructional task/competency package is designed to help teachers and administrators in developing competency-based instructional materials for an energy and power course. Part 1 contains a description of the industrial arts program and a course description, instructional task/competency list, and content outline for energy and power. The…

George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA.

261

Building Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; a preface;…

Gudzak, Raymond

262

Introduction to MADE (Careers). Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). It consists of some introductory remarks concerning the course, a lesson plan, a course outline, and four sections of lessons for use in implementing the course. Covered in the individual sections are the…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

263

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Computer Integrated Manufacturing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in computer-integrated manufacturing. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

264

Engaging speech pathology students in design and validation of competency based assessment in the workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

COMPASS™: Competency based assessment in speech pathology is an assessment tool designed and developed through a process that included student engagement. This paper will describe why student engagement was initiated, how it was facilitated during project design and validation, and the outcomes of this process. Student opinion regarding the assessment design and process will be described and compared to feedback

Sue McAllister; Michelle Lincoln; Alison Ferguson; Lindy McAllister

265

Conflict-Oriented Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CO-CBT): An Integrative Approach to the Treatment of Bulimia Nervosa Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes an integrative approach to the treatment of Bulimia Nervosa that combines Cognitive Behavioral Treatment\\u000a (CBT) with short-term dynamic treatment, called conflict-oriented cognitive behavioral treatment (CO-CBT). The need to develop\\u000a an integrative model emerges from the lack of focus on the underlying emotional dynamics in the traditional CBT approach.\\u000a This article provides a brief literature review of CBT

Yael Latzer; Tamar Peretz; Sarit Kreutzer

2008-01-01

266

Treating Anxiety Disorders in Inner City Schools: Results from a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing CBT and Usual Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) in inner city schools, when delivered by novice CBT clinicians, and compared to usual care (UC), is unknown. Objective: This pilot study addressed this issue by comparing a modular CBT for anxiety disorders to UC in a sample of 32 volunteer youth (mean age 10.28 years, 63%…

Ginsburg, Golda S.; Becker, Kimberly D.; Drazdowski, Tess K.; Tein, Jenn-Yun

2012-01-01

267

A randomised controlled trial of recovery focused CBT for individuals with early bipolar disorder  

PubMed Central

Background There is increasing evidence for the effectiveness of structured psychological therapies for bipolar disorder. To date however there have been no psychological interventions specifically designed for individuals with early bipolar disorder. The primary objective of this trial is to establish the acceptability and feasibility of a new CBT based intervention (Recovery focused CBT; RfCBT) designed in collaboration with individuals with early bipolar disorder intended to improve clinical and personal recovery outcomes. Methods and design This article describes a single blind randomised controlled trial to assess the feasibility and acceptability of RfCBT compared with treatment as usual. Participants will be recruited from across the North West of England from specialist mental health services and through primary care and self referral. The primary outcome of the study is the feasibility and acceptability of RfCBT as indicated by recruitment to target and retention to follow-up as well as absence of untoward incidents associated with RfCBT. We also intend to estimate the effect size of the impact of the intervention on recovery and mood outcomes and explore potential process measures (self appraisal, stigma, hope and self esteem). Discussion This is the first trial of recovery informed CBT for early bipolar disorder and will therefore be of interest to researchers in this area as well as indicating the wider potential for evaluating approaches to the recovery informed treatment of recent onset severe mental illness in general. Trial registration number ISRCTN43062149

2012-01-01

268

ADAPT IT : Tools for training design and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a set of computerized tools that support the design and evaluation of competency-based training programs.\\u000a The training of complex skills such as air traffic control and process control requires a competency-based approach that focuses\\u000a on the integration and coordination of constituent skills and transfer of learning. At the heart of the training are authentic\\u000a whole-task practice situations.

Marcel B. M. de Croock; Fred Paas; Henrik Schlandbusch; Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer

2002-01-01

269

Can the difficulty level reached in computer-based training predict results in x-ray image interpretation tests?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As scientific studies have shown, the performance of airport security screening officers in x-ray image interpretation depends critically on individual abilities and visual knowledge acquired through class-room, computer-based (CBT) and on-the job training. The effectiveness of adaptive CBT in increasing the efficiency in x-ray image interpretation of screening officers could be verified in several studies. Individually adaptive CBT systems, like

Stefan Michel; Marcia Mendes; Adrian Schwaninger

2010-01-01

270

Competency-based assessment, employment and immigrant background: an exploratory investigation of adult language learners in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research investigating the relationships between immigrants’ linguistic abilities in the target language of the host country and their settlement experiences has done so largely from the perspective of language proficiency. Instead of language proficiency per se, we investigated this relationship from the perspective of a competency-based measure. The Certificate in Spoken and Written English (CSWE) is one such competency-based

John Fitzgerald Ehrich; Sun Hee Ok Kim; Laura Ficorilli

2010-01-01

271

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy versus Temporal Pulse Amplitude Biofeedback Training for Recurrent Headache  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sixty-four headache sufferers were allocated randomly to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), temporal pulse amplitude (TPA) biofeedback training, or waiting-list control. Fifty-one participants (14M/37F) completed the study, 30 with migraine and 21 with tension-type headache. Treatment consisted of 8, 1-hour sessions. CBT was highly effective,…

Martin, Paul R.; Forsyth, Michael R.; Reece, John

2007-01-01

272

CBT4BN versus CBTF2F: Comparison of Online versus Face-To-FaceTreatment for Bulimia Nervosa  

PubMed Central

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is currently the “gold standard” for treatment of bulimia nervosa (BN), and is effective for approximately 40–60% of individuals receiving treatment; however, the majority of individuals in need of care do not have access to CBT. New strategies for service delivery of CBT and for maximizing maintenance of treatment benefits are critical for improving our ability to treat BN. This clinical trial is comparing an Internet-based version of CBT (CBT4BN) in which group intervention is conducted via therapeutic chat group with traditional group CBT (CBTF2F) for BN conducted via face-to-face therapy group. The purpose of the trial is to determine whether manualized CBT delivered via the Internet is not inferior to the gold standard of manualized group CBT. In this two-site randomized controlled trial, powered for non-inferiority analyses, 180 individuals with BN are being randomized to either CBT4BN or CBTF2F. We hypothesize that CBT4BN will not be inferior to CBTF2F and that participants will value the convenience of an online intervention. If not inferior, CBT4BN may be a cost-effective approach to service delivery for individuals requiring treatment for BN.

Bulik, Cynthia M.; Marcus, Marsha D.; Zerwas, Stephanie; Levine, Michele D.; Hofmeier, Sara; Trace, Sara E.; Hamer, Robert M.; Zimmer, Benjamin; Moessner, Markus; Kordy, Hans

2012-01-01

273

Factors Affecting Motivation to Transfer Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of trainees (n=88) in a competency-based occupational safety and health training program found that environmental factors (opportunities to use skills, peer/supervisor support, and supervisor sanctions) were most influential on motivation to transfer training. Training attitudes may be affected by prior experiences when the use of…

Seyler, Dian L.; Holton, Elwood F., III; Bates, Reid A.; Burnett, Michael F.; Carvalho, Manuel A.

1998-01-01

274

A critical time for medical education: the perils of competence-based reform of the curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate\\u000a reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption\\u000a of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the curriculum, move students beyond\\u000a a focus on the memorisation and regurgitation

Karen Malone; Salinder Supri

275

The Determinants and Impact of Customer Base in Modern Information Age: A Competence-Based Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Based on competence-based view and network economics, this study intends to explore the determinants and the impact of customer\\u000a base of Internet-based firms. This study suggests that the types of firm capabilities (technological versus marketing) are\\u000a determined the customer base, and the customer base and firm capabilities impact on firm performance as well. Drawing on website\\u000a traffic data and stock

Bau-Jung Chang

276

Model of a Collaboration Environment for Knowledge Management in Competence-Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the article the authors propose a model of an educational social agents collaboration between students, teacher, and an\\u000a e-learning information system (repository). The system will support the competence-based learning process by means of social\\u000a network creation in order to exchange ontology in the repository environment. The proposed model consists of three integrated\\u000a sub models: (i) knowledge management model, (ii)

Rózewski Przemyslaw; Ciszczyk Magdalena

2009-01-01

277

Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory as a Framework for Intelligent Metacognitive Scaffolding  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a To help learners in acquiring metacognitive skills that are necessary for successfully planning, monitoring, and regulating\\u000a their learning, metacognitive support and scaffolding mechanisms are needed. Competence-based Knowledge Space Theory constitutes\\u000a a theoretical framework mainly used for personalising learning to individual learners’ domain-specific competence. The paper\\u000a outlines how this theoretical framework can be utilized for adaptive metacognitive scaffolding tailored to individual

Christina M. Steiner; Dietrich Albert

278

Effect of CBT on Depressive Symptoms in Methadone Maintenance Patients Undergoing Treatment for Hepatitis C  

PubMed Central

To examine the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBT) to prevent depression among methadone maintenance patients undergoing antiviral treatment for hepatitis C (HCV), 29 patients beginning HCV treatment were randomized to CBT or standard care (SC). Study participants did not meet criteria for major depressive disorder at the time of study recruitment. CBT did not result in less depression-related antiviral treatment failure, better adherence to antiviral treatment, or better HCV RNA outcomes. There were no significant treatment group differences on depressive symptoms over time. The CBT group did display a greater and more consistent decline in both BDI-II and HAM-D scores over time (d=.85 on the BDI-II; d=.72 on the HAM-D).

Ramsey, Susan E.; Engler, Patricia A.; Stein, Michael D.; Brown, Richard A.; Cioe, Patricia; Kahler, Christopher W.; Promrat, Kittichai; Rose, Jennifer; Anthony, Jennifer; Solomon, David A.

2011-01-01

279

EMDR versus CBT for children with self-esteem and behavioral problems: a randomized controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Twenty-six children (average age 10.4 years) with behavioral problems were randomly assigned to receive either 4 sessions of EMDR or CBT prior to usual treatment provided in outpatient and inpatient clinics. To evaluate the effectiveness of treatment, parents and mentors completed a wide variety of self-report instruments

Femy Wanders; Marike Serra; Ad de Jongh

2008-01-01

280

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Adjusting to Multiple Sclerosis (The saMS Trial): Does CBT Work and for Whom Does It Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aims were (a) to test the effectiveness of a nurse-led cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program to assist adjustment in the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS) and (b) to determine moderators of treatment including baseline distress, social support (SS), and treatment preference. Method: Ninety-four ambulatory people with MS…

Moss-Morris, Rona; Dennison, Laura; Landau, Sabine; Yardley, Lucy; Silber, Eli; Chalder, Trudie

2013-01-01

281

Mindfulness Training and Stress Reactivity in Substance Abuse: Results from a Randomized, Controlled Stage I Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stress is important in substance use disorders (SUDs). Mindfulness training (MT) has shown promise for stress-related maladies. No studies have compared MT to empirically validated treatments for SUDs. The goals of this study were to assess MT compared to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in substance use and treatment acceptability, and specificity of MT compared to CBT in targeting stress reactivity.

Judson A. Brewer; Rajita Sinha; Justin A. Chen; Ravenna N. Michalsen; Theresa A. Babuscio; Charla Nich; Aleesha Grier; Keri L. Bergquist; Deidre L. Reis; Marc N. Potenza; Kathleen M. Carroll; Bruce J. Rounsaville

2009-01-01

282

A randomized trial comparing two models of web-based training in cognitive–behavioral therapy for substance abuse counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared training outcomes obtained by 147 substance abuse counselors who completed eight self-paced online modules on cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) and attended a series of four weekly group supervision sessions using Web conferencing software. Participants were randomly assigned to two conditions that systematically varied the degree to which they explicitly promoted adherence to the CBT protocol and the degree

Kenneth R. Weingardt; Michael A. Cucciare; Christine Bellotti; Wen Pin Lai

2009-01-01

283

Advancing Competent Social Work Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Training Child Protective Services (CPS) workers for competency-based practice has received increasing attention in recent years. This article examines and critiques current approaches in CPS training. A new approach using computer-based training (CBT) programs to enhance competency of CPS workers is presented. Implementation issues of CBT, including costs, adequacy of computer technology, resistance to the technology and ethical considerations, are

Patrick Leung; Kam-Fong Monit Cheung; Kay M. Stevenson

1995-01-01

284

Hypermedia for Training: A Software and Instructional Engineering Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an engineering environment oriented to the development of hypermedia applications for training. Training trends are described; requirements for a computer-based training (CBT) strategy are outlined; a hypermedia course structure is examined; microinstructional events (MIEs) are explained; and technology requirements and selection are…

Cortinovis, Renato

1992-01-01

285

Computer-based Training in Medicine and Learning Theories.  

PubMed

Computer-based training (CBT) systems can efficiently support modern teaching and learning environments. In this paper, we demonstrate on the basis of the case-based CBT system CAMPUS that current learning theories and design principles (Bloom's Taxonomy and practice fields) are (i) relevant to CBT and (ii) are feasible to implement using computer-based training and adequate learning environments. Not all design principles can be fulfilled by the system alone, the integration of the system in adequate teaching and learning environments therefore is essential. Adequately integrated, CBT programs become valuable means to build or support practice fields for learners that build domain knowledge and problem-solving skills. Learning theories and their design principles can support in designing these systems as well as in assessing their value. PMID:16160267

Haag, Martin; Bauch, Matthias; Garde, Sebastian; Heid, Jörn; Weires, Thorsten; Leven, Franz-Josef

2005-01-01

286

How to develop a competency-based head nurse orientation program.  

PubMed

The ability to effectively and efficiently develop competent head nurses is a major challenge in today's health care environment. Memorial Hospital of South Bend, IN, a 526-bed tertiary care facility, faced this challenge. As a result, a program was developed that reduced the learning time of newly appointed head nurses. Mentoring and hands-on practical learning strategies were used. This article describes (1) the reasons for developing a competency-based head nurse orientation program, (2) the steps necessary for its implementation, (3) the benefits of such a program, and (4) the results of the program at Memorial Hospital. PMID:10304245

Becker, J; Ellson, S K

287

Low Cost Part-Task Training using Interactive Computer Graphics for Simulation of Operational Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To investigate the effectiveness of this methodology, operations of the S-3A copilot integrated control system (INCOS) panel, involving procedural and simple perceptual motor skills, were selected for subject matter. Computerbased training (CBT) materials...

A. Sassano A. M. Crawford R. Padilla R. E. Hurlock

1976-01-01

288

A randomized controlled trial of CBT therapy for adults with ADHD with and without medication  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies of psychological treatment in adults with ADHD have not controlled for medication status and include either medicated participants or mixed samples of medicated and unmedicated participants. The objective of this study is to examine whether use of medication improves outcome of therapy. Method This was a secondary analysis comparing 23 participants randomized to CBT and Dextroamphetamine vs. 25 participants randomized to CBT and placebo. Both patients and investigators were blind to treatment assignment. Two co-primary outcomes were used: ADHD symptoms on the ADHD-RS-Inv completed by the investigator and improvement in functioning as reported by the patient on the Sheehan Disability Scale. Results Both groups showed robust improvement in both symptoms and functioning, but the use of medication did not significantly improve outcome over and above use of CBT and placebo. Conclusion This study replicates previous work demonstrating that CBT is an effective treatment for ADHD in adults. Within the limits of this pilot, secondary analysis we were not able to demonstrate that medication significantly augments the outcome of CBT therapy for adults with ADHD. The study was funded by GlaxoSmithKline, Clinical Trials Registry #GSK707.

2012-01-01

289

An Open Trial of In-Home CBT for Depressed Mothers in Home Visitation  

PubMed Central

Research has demonstrated that low income mothers participating in home visitation programs have high rates of depression. This study used an open trial design to evaluate In-Home Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (IH-CBT), an evidence-based treatment for depression that is delivered in the home setting and has been adapted to address the needs of low income mothers participating in home visitation. 64 depressed mothers recruited from a home visitation program and who had completed IH-CBT were compared to 241 mothers from the same setting who met identical screening criteria at enrollment but did not receive the treatment. In addition, pre- and post-treatment measures of depression and related clinical features were contrasted in the 64 mothers receiving IH-CBT. There was a significantly greater reduction in depressive symptoms in the IH-CBT group relative to their counterparts who did not receive the treatment. Results from pre-post comparisons showed that treated mothers had decreased diagnosis of major depression, lower reported stress, increased coping and social support, and increased positive views of motherhood at post-treatment. Findings suggest that IH-CBT is a promising approach to addressing maternal depression in the context of home visitation and warrants further study. Public health implications for home visiting programs are discussed.

Putnam, Frank W.; Stevens, Jack; Bosse, Nicole R.; Short, Jodie A.; Bodley, Amy L.; Van Ginkel, Judith B.

2013-01-01

290

Computerised cognitive-behaviour therapy (cCBT) and older people: A pilot study to determine factors that influence willingness to engage with cCBT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore whether older people with depression and\\/or anxiety were potentially willing to engage with computerised cognitive-behaviour therapy (cCBT). Method: A short questionnaire was sent to 60 service users aged 65+ who were identified as having anxiety and\\/or depression. Results: There was a 63.3% response rate for the questionnaire. Almost half of the

Kelly Elsegood; David Powell

2008-01-01

291

Acceptance and Mindfulness Techniques as Applied to Refugee and Ethnic Minority Populations with PTSD: Examples from "Culturally Adapted CBT"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article we illustrate how we utilize acceptance and mindfulness techniques in our treatment (Culturally Adapted CBT, or CA-CBT) for traumatized refugees and ethnic minority populations. We present a Nodal Network Model (NNM) of Affect to explain the treatment's emphasis on body-centered mindfulness techniques and its focus on…

Hinton, Devon E.; Pich, Vuth; Hofmann, Stefan G.; Otto, Michael W.

2013-01-01

292

Randomized Clinical Trial of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) versus Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Mixed Anxiety Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Randomized comparisons of acceptance-based treatments with traditional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders are lacking. To address this gap, we compared acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) to CBT for heterogeneous anxiety disorders. Method: One hundred twenty-eight individuals (52% female, mean age = 38, 33%…

Arch, Joanna J.; Eifert, Georg H.; Davies, Carolyn; Vilardaga, Jennifer C. Plumb; Rose, Raphael D.; Craske, Michelle G.

2012-01-01

293

Parent Involvement in CBT Treatment of Adolescent Depression: Experiences in the Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS) evaluated the short- and long-term effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) alone, fluoxetine alone, and their combination, relative to pill placebo, and the 12-week treatment effects were recently published (TADS Team, 2004). Results showed that treatment that combined CBT with…

Wells, Karen C.; Albano, Anne Marie

2005-01-01

294

The ABCs of CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy): Evidence-Based Approaches to Child Anxiety in Public School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluated a locally developed cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) intervention program in a public elementary school. In the prevention approach, 118 children were randomly assigned either to an 8-week intervention or to a wait-list control. Results of statistical analysis indicated that the manualized CBT intervention did not reduce…

Miller, Lynn D.; Short, Christina; Garland, E. Jane; Clark, Sandra

2010-01-01

295

The Management of Training in Multinational Corporations: Comparative Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Case studies of British and Australian multinational corporations in the food and drink industry investigated how training and development are managed. Competency-based education and industry boards are important elements in both countries. Lack of a training culture in the industry and little innovation in training were observed. (SK)|

Noble, Charles

1997-01-01

296

A pilot study of functional Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (fCBT) for schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a novel cognitive behavioral treatment for decreasing psychotic symptoms and improving social functioning was evaluated in a pilot study. This represents the first treatment outcome study of CBT for psychosis with a manualized, active comparison condition.

Corinne Cather; David Penn; Michael W. Otto; Iftah Yovel; Kim T. Mueser; Donald C. Goff

2005-01-01

297

Meta-review of the effectiveness of computerised CBT in treating depression  

PubMed Central

Background Several computerised cognitive behaviour therapy (cCBT) packages are now available to treat mild to moderate depression with or without anxiety. These have been usually been reviewed alongside cCBT for a wide range of psychological problems. Here, we single out the results of these reviews for the most common mental disorder, mild to moderate depression. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the quality of existing reviews and to enable reliable comparisons of alternative computer packages for the same patient group. Methods A thorough search and analysis of reviews of efficacy of cCBT published between 1999 and February 2011. Results The search yielded twelve systematic reviews from ten studies covering depression. Their methodology is appraised and selected findings are presented here. Conclusions The meta-review supports the efficacy of cCBT for treatment of depression; however there is limited information on different approaches, whose relative cost-effectiveness remains to be demonstrated. Suggestions are made for future studies in the field.

2011-01-01

298

Mother-Child Interactions and Childhood OCD: Effects of CBT on Mother and Child Observed Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This waitlist-controlled study investigates the impact of a group-based cognitive-behavioral therapy with family involvement (CBT-F) on observed mother and child behaviors in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Forty-four children and adolescents with OCD and their mothers were observed during family discussions before and after…

Schlup, Barbara; Farrell, Lara; Barrett, Paula

2011-01-01

299

Community clinic treatment of depressed youth: Benchmarking usual care against CBT clinical trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used a benchmarking strategy to evaluate the effectiveness of community psychotherapy for depressed youth relative to evidence-based treatment in clinical trials. Symptom trajectories of depressed youth treated in community mental health centers (CMHCs) were compared with trajectories of youth treated with cognitive- behavioral therapy (CBT) in clinical trials. Overall, outcomes of CMHC youth more closely resembled those of

V. Robin Weersing; John R. Weisz

2002-01-01

300

Can driver education be improved by computer based training of cognitive skills?  

PubMed

Deficits in cognitive skills, such as hazard perception, appear to have a tremendous influence on accident involvement of younger drivers. However, conventional forms of driver training have largely failed to build skills that extend beyond the provision of a descriptive knowledge of how to drive. Computer based training (CBT) has the potential to provide new ways to deal with this problem. In this study, a CBT module was developed to complement existing driver training programs by addressing critical cognitive skills. The CBT made use of video sequences of potentially hazardous driving situations, including multiple-choice questions with adaptive feedback, to increase levels of elaboration and understanding. To test effects, a sample of learner drivers completed either CBT, paper based training with similar content, or no training at all. A simulator experiment confirmed that CBT participants exhibited earlier glances towards critical cues and relevant areas in the visual field than participants of the other two groups. It is concluded that CBT can potentially assist instruction of cognitive skills necessary for save driving. PMID:23058654

Petzoldt, Tibor; Weiß, Thomas; Franke, Thomas; Krems, Josef F; Bannert, Maria

2012-10-08

301

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Air Conditioning/Refrigeration. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The curriculum guide for air conditioning/refrigeration is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Two separate curricula, one for the vocational-technical level and one for the associate degree level, are presented. The six…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

302

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Nursing Occupations. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for nursing occupations is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Following an introductory section giving the philosophy, background, and recommendations for nursing education, the 82 study units are…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

303

Training Counselors to Work Competently with Individuals and Families with Health and Mental Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A paradigm shift is underway in the training of professional counselors. It involves a shift in orientation from an input-based or traditional model of training to an outcomes-based or competency-based model of training. This article provides a detailed description of both input-based and outcomes-based training and instructional methods. It…

Sperry, Len

2012-01-01

304

Analysis of the Competency-Based High School Diploma Program for CETA Clients. Report IV. Employer Report: Follow-Up.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is the fourth in a series of six descriptive analyses that constitute the final report of the Competency-Based High School Diploma (CBHSD) program for CETA clients from 1977-80. This paper discusses the extent of and circumstances surrounding t...

S. H. McMillan

1980-01-01

305

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Computer Assisted/Computer Integrated Manufacturing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The project described in this report was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in conjunction with area vocational-technical schools, the second year of a competency-based curriculum in computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM). During the project, a task force of teachers from the area schools and the…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

306

Competency-Based Teacher Education (C.B.T.E.): A Basic Strategy to Educational Improvement Worldwide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) is examined as a means of providing a systematic approach to handling educational complexity which will lead to modernizing teacher education. Analysis and discussion are offered on: (1) what CBTE consists of and how it functions; (2) CBTE as an educational reform movement in the United States; (3)…

Sobeih, Nabil Ahmed Amer

307

Air Conditioning, Refrigeration and Heating. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Hardman, Thomas

308

Automotive and Diesel Engine Rebuilding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Salvatore, Gerald

309

Development of competency-based web learning material and effect evaluation of self-directed learning aptitudes on learning achievements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the sample of 38 students. The results of this study indicate

Chi-Cheng Chang

2006-01-01

310

A Guide for Planning Competency-Based Institutional and Home Management Services Education in Home Economics Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to help teachers, especially in South Carolina, develop an effective competency-based vocational education program in occupational home economics, with emphasis on home health aides or homemaker services for the elderly. The course covers the following topics: the aging process (biological aging, psychology of aging,…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

311

Students' personal professional theories in competence?based vocational education: the construction of personal knowledge through internalisation and socialisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence?based vocational education is based on a constructivist learning paradigm, where the development of students' personal professional knowledge is emphasised. However, there is a lack of insight into how students construct their own professional knowledge and what the content and nature of personal professional knowledge is. This article elaborates the concept Personal Professional Theory (PPT): a personal knowledge base in

Harmen Schaap; Elly De Bruijn; Marieke Van der Schaaf; Paul A. Kirschner

2009-01-01

312

Air Conditioning, Refrigeration and Heating. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Hardman, Thomas

313

Trade and Industrial Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of trade and industrial education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

314

Case Study: National Vocational Qualifications and Competence-based Assessment for Technicians--From Sound Principles to Dogma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Misconceptions about competency-based assessment in National Vocational Qualifications include the following: they focus only on workplace performance; they are appropriate only at vocational-technical, not higher/professional levels; they are concerned only with practical skills; and they do not encourage further development. Case study of…

Purcell, Jeanette

2001-01-01

315

Competency-Based Instruction in Business and Management Communication Courses Taught by Association for Business Communication Member Faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the authors surveyed 254 Association for Business Communication members to determine how many used competency-based instruction (CBI) to teach business or management communication. Only 11 % taught such a course at a 4-year institution, primarily to undergraduates. Of those who reported using CBI, most also distributed research-based competencies before assessment, allowed students to test multiple times, provided

David H. Lynch; Patricia Murranka

2002-01-01

316

Business Relations--Media/Modeling. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Racanelli, Meri Gann

317

Development of Instructional Resource Guides for Competency-Based Education in Selected Industrial Arts Areas. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted in Virginia to develop a coordinated, articulated, competency-based curriculum for selected industrial arts areas from an identified common core of competencies. The competencies would include a set of performance objectives, a set of criterion-referenced measures, and a set of instructional resource guides in the…

Thomas Nelson Community Coll., Hampton, VA.

318

Handbook of Guidelines for the Instructional Sequence in a Competency-Based, Field-Oriented Inservice Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A competency-based, field-oriented model of instruction is presented for inservice teachers seeking graduate credit for masters degrees and/or certification through a nontraditional format. The program, entitled Project CLASS (Coordinated Learning Activities for School Staff) involves cooperation by the local school staff and the local college…

Ellis, Margaret W.

319

Development and Evaluation of Nutrition Education Competencies and a Competency-Based Resource Guide for Preschool-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate nutrition education competencies and a competency-based resource guide, Connecting the Dots...Healthy Foods, Healthy Choices, Healthy Kids (CTD), for preschool-aged children in California. Methods: Nutrition education experts and California Department of Education staff…

Scherr, Rachel E.; Reed, Heather; Briggs, Marilyn; Zidenberg-Cherr, Sheri

2011-01-01

320

Home Economics Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of home economics education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that explain…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

321

Transfer of manualized CBT for social phobia into clinical practice (SOPHO-PRAX): a study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is generally known to be efficacious in the treatment of social phobia when applied in RCTs, namely when the treatment manual is based on the Clark-Wells approach. However, little is known about the efficacy of manualized treatments in routine clinical practice (Phase IV of psychotherapy research). The present study (SOPHO-PRAX) is a continuation of a large multicenter randomized clinical trial (SOPHO-NET) and analyzes the extent to which additional training practitioners in manualized procedures enhances treatment effect. Methods/design Thirty-six private practitioners will be included in three treatment centers and randomly designated to either training in manualized CBT or no specific training. The treatment effects of the therapies conducted by both groups of therapists will be compared. A total of 162 patients (n?=?116 completers; n?=?58 per condition) will be enrolled. Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) will serve as primary outcome measure. Remission from social phobia is defined as LSAS total ?30 points. Data will be collected at treatment begin, after 8, 15, and 25 sessions (50?min each), at treatment completion, as well at 6 and 12?months post-treatment. Discussion The present CBT trial combines elements of randomized controlled trials and naturalistic studies in an innovative way. It will directly inform about the incremental effects of procedures established in a controlled trial into clinical practice. Study results are relevant to healthcare decisions and policy. They may serve to improve quality of treatment, and shorten the time frame between the development and widespread dissemination of effective methods, thereby reducing health cost expenditure. The results of this study will not only inform about the degree to which the new methods lead to an improvement of treatment course and outcome, but also about whether the effects of routine psychotherapeutic treatment are comparable to those of the controlled, strictly manualized treatments of the SOPHO-NET study. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01388231. This study was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (SOPHO-NET: BMBF 01GV0607; SOPHO-PRAX: BMBF 01GV1001).

2012-01-01

322

The promise of competency-based education in the health professions for improving global health  

PubMed Central

Competency-based education (CBE) provides a useful alternative to time-based models for preparing health professionals and constructing educational programs. We describe the concept of ‘competence’ and ‘competencies’ as well as the critical curricular implications that derive from a focus on ‘competence’ rather than ‘time’. These implications include: defining educational outcomes, developing individualized learning pathways, setting standards, and the centrality of valid assessment so as to reflect stakeholder priorities. We also highlight four challenges to implementing CBE: identifying the health needs of the community, defining competencies, developing self-regulated and flexible learning options, and assessing learners for competence. While CBE has been a prominent focus of educational reform in resource-rich countries, we believe it has even more potential to align educational programs with health system priorities in more resource-limited settings. Because CBE begins with a careful consideration of the competencies desired in the health professional workforce to address health care priorities, it provides a vehicle for integrating the health needs of the country with the values of the profession.

2012-01-01

323

A pilot experience with competency-based clinical skills assessment in a surgical clerkship.  

PubMed

This investigation examines a competency-based clinical skills assessment program for surgical clerks using checklists and rating forms for precise measurement of physical exam (PE) skills, physician-patient interaction (PPI) skills, and patient write-up (PW) skills. Analysis of variance demonstrated improvement in PW skills across the academic year when measured by the rating instrument, but this improvement was not detected on traditional subjective rating forms (SRF). PPI skills improved between first rotations across 2 academic years with the addition of orientation to expectations (mean, 79% versus 92%, P = 0.000). Poor correlation was noted between the National Board of Medical Examiners Surgery Subtest scores and PE skills (r = .19), PW skills (r = .20), and PPI skills (r = .15). While the overall ratings given by faculty on SRF correlated with the SRF ratings of PE skills (r = .77) and PPI skills (r = .58), these same faculty ratings correlated poorly with these skills as assessed by checklist (r = .16 and r = .14, respectively). This pilot experience demonstrates that PE skills, PW skills, and PPI skills (1) improve only with orientation to expectations and feedback, (2) correlate poorly with fund of knowledge assessment, and (3) are best assessed with precise measurement (eg, checklist, direct observation), which avoids the halo effect of overall evaluation that occurs with subjective rating forms. PMID:8209937

Dunnington, G L; Wright, K; Hoffman, K

1994-06-01

324

How to develop a competency-based examination blueprint for longitudinal standardized patient clinical skills assessments.  

PubMed

Background: Objective Structured Clinical Exams (OSCEs) with standardized patients (SPs) are commonly used in medical education to assess learners' clinical skills. However, assessments are often discrete rather than intentionally developmentally sequenced. Aims: We developed an examination blueprint to optimize assessment and feedback to learners with purposeful sequence as a series of longitudinally integrated assessments based on performance milestones. Integrated and progressive clinical skills assessments offer several benefits: assessment of skill development over time, systematic identification of learning needs, data for individualized feedback and learning plans, and baseline reference points for reassessment. Methods: Using a competency-based medical education (CBME) framework, we translated pre-determined competency milestones for medical students' patient encounters into a four-year SP-based OSCE examination blueprint. Results: Initial evaluation of cases using the blueprint revealed opportunities to target less frequently assessed competencies and to align assessments with milestones for each year. Conclusions: The examination blueprint can guide ongoing SP-based OSCE case design. Future iterations of examination blueprints can incorporate lessons learnt from evaluation data and student feedback. PMID:23848440

Mookherjee, Somnath; Chang, Anna; Boscardin, Christy K; Hauer, Karen E

2013-07-12

325

Outcome (competency) based education: an exploration of its origins, theoretical basis, and empirical evidence.  

PubMed

Outcome based or competency based education (OBE) is so firmly established in undergraduate medical education that it might not seem necessary to ask why it was included in recommendations for the future, like the Flexner centenary report. Uncritical acceptance may not, however, deliver its greatest benefits. Our aim was to explore the underpinnings of OBE: its historical origins, theoretical basis, and empirical evidence of its effects in order to answer the question: How can predetermined learning outcomes influence undergraduate medical education? This literature review had three components: A review of historical landmarks in the evolution of OBE; a review of conceptual frameworks and theories; and a systematic review of empirical publications from 1999 to 2010 that reported data concerning the effects of learning outcomes on undergraduate medical education. OBE had its origins in behaviourist theories of learning. It is tightly linked to the assessment and regulation of proficiency, but less clearly linked to teaching and learning activities. Over time, there have been cycles of advocacy for, then criticism of, OBE. A recurring critique concerns the place of complex personal and professional attributes as "competencies". OBE has been adopted by consensus in the face of weak empirical evidence. OBE, which has been advocated for over 50 years, can contribute usefully to defining requisite knowledge and skills, and blueprinting assessments. Its applicability to more complex aspects of clinical performance is not clear. OBE, we conclude, provides a valuable approach to some, but not all, important aspects of undergraduate medical education. PMID:22987194

Morcke, Anne Mette; Dornan, Tim; Eika, Berit

2012-09-18

326

Competency-based reforms of the undergraduate biology curriculum: integrating the physical and biological sciences.  

PubMed

The National Experiment in Undergraduate Science Education project funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is a direct response to the Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians report, which urged a shift in premedical student preparation from a narrow list of specific course work to a more flexible curriculum that helps students develop broad scientific competencies. A consortium of four universities is working to create, pilot, and assess modular, competency-based curricular units that require students to use higher-order cognitive skills and reason across traditional disciplinary boundaries. Purdue University; the University of Maryland, Baltimore County; and the University of Miami are each developing modules and case studies that integrate the biological, chemical, physical, and mathematical sciences. The University of Maryland, College Park, is leading the effort to create an introductory physics for life sciences course that is reformed in both content and pedagogy. This course has prerequisites of biology, chemistry, and calculus, allowing students to apply strategies from the physical sciences to solving authentic biological problems. A comprehensive assessment plan is examining students' conceptual knowledge of physics, their attitudes toward interdisciplinary approaches, and the development of specific scientific competencies. Teaching modules developed during this initial phase will be tested on multiple partner campuses in preparation for eventual broad dissemination. PMID:23737624

Thompson, Katerina V; Chmielewski, Jean; Gaines, Michael S; Hrycyna, Christine A; LaCourse, William R

2013-01-01

327

Affect regulation training (ART) for alcohol use disorders: Development of a novel intervention for negative affect drinkers.  

PubMed

Although negative affect is a common precipitant of alcohol relapse, there are few interventions for alcohol dependence that specifically target negative affect. In this stage 1a/1b treatment development study, several affect regulation strategies (e.g., mindfulness, prolonged exposure, distress tolerance) were combined to create a new treatment supplement called affect regulation training (ART), which could be added to enhance cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for alcohol dependence. A draft therapy manual was given to therapists and treatment experts before being administered to several patients who also provided input. After two rounds of manual development (stage 1a), a pilot randomized clinical trial (N=77) of alcohol-dependent outpatients who reported drinking often in negative affect situations was conducted (stage 1b). Participants received 12-weekly, 90-minute sessions of either CBT for alcohol dependence plus ART (CBT+ART) or CBT plus a healthy lifestyles control condition (CBT+HLS). Baseline, end-of-treatment, and 3- and 6-month posttreatment interviews were conducted. For both treatment conditions, participant ratings of treatment satisfaction were high, with CBT+ART rated significantly higher. Drinking outcome results indicated greater reductions in alcohol use for CBT+ART when compared to CBT+HLS, with moderate effect sizes for percent days abstinent, drinks per day, drinks per drinking day, and percent heavy drinking days. Overall, findings support further research on affect regulation interventions for negative affect drinkers. PMID:23876455

Stasiewicz, Paul R; Bradizza, Clara M; Schlauch, Robert C; Coffey, Scott F; Gulliver, Suzy B; Gudleski, Gregory D; Bole, Christopher W

2013-07-20

328

Adding Mindfulness to CBT Programs for Binge Eating: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigated the effectiveness of a combined mindfulness-CBT group therapy program for women with binge eating problems. Questionnaires were completed by group participants pre-program (n = 30), post-program (n = 30) and 3 month follow-up (n = 28). Significant reductions between pre- and post-program scores were found on standardised measures assessing binge eating, dieting, and body image dissatisfaction,

Hannah Woolhouse; Ann Knowles; Naomi Crafti

2012-01-01

329

Isothermal and non-isothermal crystallisation kinetics of pCBT and PBT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crystallisation behaviour of in situ polymerised cyclic butylene terephthalates (pCBT) and poly(butylene terephthalate)s\\u000a (PBT) were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) both under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. The crystallisation\\u000a was analysed by adopting the Avrami, Ozawa and Kissinger methods for the isothermal and non-isothermal crystallisations, respectively.\\u000a An Avrami exponent n between 2 and 3 was found for the pCBTs

B. Lehmann; J. Karger-Kocsis

2009-01-01

330

CBT for Vietnamese Refugees with Treatment-Resistant PTSD and Panic Attacks: A Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the feasibility, acceptability, and therapeutic efficacy of a culturally adapted cognitive–behavior therapy (CBT) for twelve Vietnamese refugees with treatment-resistant posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and panic attacks. These patients were treated in two separate cohorts of six with staggered onset of treatment. Repeated measures Group × Time ANOVAs and between-group comparisons indicated significant improvements, with large effect sizes (Cohen's

Devon E. Hinton; Thang Pham; Minh Tran; Steven A. Safren; Michael W. Otto; Mark H. Pollack

2004-01-01

331

Mother-Child Interactions and Childhood OCD: Effects of CBT on Mother and Child Observed Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This waitlist-controlled study investigates the impact of a group-based cognitive-behavioral therapy with family involvement (CBT-F) on observed mother and child behaviors in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Forty-four children and adolescents with OCD and their mothers were observed during family discussions before and after treatment\\/waitlist. Participants were rated on behavioral dimensions of criticism, overinvolvement, doubt, avoidance, warmth, confidence, positive problem

Barbara Schlup; Lara Farrell; Paula Barrett

2011-01-01

332

A Comparison of Competency-Based Instruction with Conventional Instruction in the Home Economics Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared student learning in secondary consumer and homemaking foods classes using three different methods of teacher preparation. In Method 1, teachers were provided with lists of competencies and workshop training for using the competencies. In Method 2, teachers were provided with lists of competencies and no workshop training; and…

Preston, Janet E.; Kunz, Margie H.

333

The Clinical Skills Inventory: Competence-Based Assessment of Clinical Psychology Student Skill Acquisition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Clinical Skills Inventory (CSI), an instrument designed to evaluate clinical skills acquired by students over the course of training in a doctoral clinical psychology program, is described. Uses of the CSI are: (1) an advising tool by faculty and students to determine individualized learning objectives and to plan training activities and (2)…

Giannetti, Ronald A.; Radecki-Bush, Catherine; Hansen, Nancy D.; Bush, Joseph, P.

334

Homemaker-Home Health Aide Program. A Challenge to Vocational Education. A Modified Competency Based Pilot Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed to be used by vocational educators in planning, developing, coordinating, and implementing homemaker-health aide programs. It is divided into three parts. Covered first are various aspects of program planning, including planning and organization, the role of the adult educator and the adult learner, and…

Holton, Hazel S.

335

The Effectiveness of CBT in 3-7 Year Old Anxious Children: Preliminary Data  

PubMed Central

Introduction: While CBT has been found to be an effective treatment for anxious older children, it has not been empirically validated in children younger than 8 years. In this study we report on an open pilot trial to establish whether a modified form of CBT can benefit young children. Methods: Participants were 37 anxious children aged 37–89 months attending a university anxiety specialty clinic. Symptom severity and functioning were assessed before and after treatment by independent evaluators. Feasibility and acceptability of the intervention were high. Parents attended part of each treatment session and were considered part of the treatment team. Results: Patients exhibited significant improvement from pre – to post-treatment assessments after an average of 8.3 treatment sessions, using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF) ratings. Conclusions: A modified form of CBT with active parent involvement may be a useful tool in treating anxiety disorders in preschool and early school aged children.

Minde, Klaus; Roy, Jason; Bezonsky, Rhona; Hashemi, Alireza

2010-01-01

336

The Competency-Based Curriculum: Developing a Mosaic. Educational Forum Proceedings (Dunbar Senior High School, District of Columbia, April 7-8, 1978).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Included in this publication are presentations and summaries given at a forum designed to provide information about the status of the competency-based curriculum and its implications for competency-based education. On the topic "Instructional Support for CBC: Where the System Is Now," three presenters, James T. Guines, Wilbur A. Millard, and P.…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC.

337

The development of a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for BSN graduates.  

PubMed

Under the current nursing education system in Taiwan, a fair and objective evaluation of group health teaching competency has been lacking for a long time. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for baccalaureate graduates. Action research was the main research methodology used in this study. The research consisted of two phases. In the first phase, a development committee was established. Based on routine discussions, literature reviews and realistic cases, a draft examination model with quasi-clinical situation model content and procedure was developed. Examination Facility Preparations, Simulated Scenarios and Client Recruitments, Examination Result Evaluation (evaluated by teachers) and Learning Guidelines were also prepared. This draft was reviewed twice for expert opinion, a pilot test was done and both the draft and pilot testing were reviewed again before the draft was finalized. The second phase involved refining the examination model by actually practicing the completed draft examination model in a simulated group-teaching setting in order to examine the model's reliability and validity. Fifteen people were involved in this experiment: three nursing personnel each having at least two years' clinical and teaching experience; three nursing students who did not have actual clinical experience and had not taken the course of teaching principles; three senior teachers; and six virtual patients. The responses from the nursing personnel, nursing students, teachers, and virtual patients who participated in the testing were gathered and integrated to refine the model. The model has content, expert and discriminative validity. The reliability of the model was proven by the high consistency in administration and scoring of the model by clinical examiners. This examination model is not only applicable for the proof of students' credit point exemption, but also as an alternative option for examining nursing personnel in traditional nursing education and practice. PMID:19061174

Tai, Chun-Yi; Chung, Ue-Lin

2008-12-01

338

Treating Anxiety Disorders in Inner City Schools: Results from a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing CBT and Usual Care.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) in inner city schools, when delivered by novice CBT clinicians, and compared to usual care (UC), is unknown. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study addressed this issue by comparing a modular CBT for anxiety disorders to UC in a sample of 32 volunteer youth (mean age 10.28 years, 63% female, 84% African American) seen in school-based mental health programs. METHODS: Youth were randomly assigned to CBT (n = 17) or UC (n = 15); independent evaluators conducted diagnostic interviews with children and parents at pre- and post-intervention, and at a one-month follow-up. RESULTS: Based on intent-to-treat analyses, no differences were found in response rates between groups with 50 and 42% of the children in CBT, compared to 46 and 57% in UC no longer meeting criteria for an anxiety disorder at post-treatment and follow-up respectively. Similar improvements in global functioning were also found in both treatment groups. Baseline predictors of a positive treatment response included lower anxiety, fewer maladaptive thoughts, less exposure to urban hassles, and lower levels of parenting stress. Therapist use of more CBT session structure elements and greater competence in implementing these elements was also related to a positive treatment response. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this small pilot failed to show that CBT was superior to UC when delivered by school-based clinicians. Large scale comparative effectiveness trials are needed to determine whether CBT leads to superior clinical outcomes prior to dissemination. PMID:22701295

Ginsburg, Golda S; Becker, Kimberly D; Drazdowski, Tess K; Tein, Jenn-Yun

2012-02-01

339

Treating Anxiety Disorders in Inner City Schools: Results from a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing CBT and Usual Care  

PubMed Central

Background The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) in inner city schools, when delivered by novice CBT clinicians, and compared to usual care (UC), is unknown. Objective This pilot study addressed this issue by comparing a modular CBT for anxiety disorders to UC in a sample of 32 volunteer youth (mean age 10.28 years, 63% female, 84% African American) seen in school-based mental health programs. Methods Youth were randomly assigned to CBT (n = 17) or UC (n = 15); independent evaluators conducted diagnostic interviews with children and parents at pre- and post-intervention, and at a one-month follow-up. Results Based on intent-to-treat analyses, no differences were found in response rates between groups with 50 and 42% of the children in CBT, compared to 46 and 57% in UC no longer meeting criteria for an anxiety disorder at post-treatment and follow-up respectively. Similar improvements in global functioning were also found in both treatment groups. Baseline predictors of a positive treatment response included lower anxiety, fewer maladaptive thoughts, less exposure to urban hassles, and lower levels of parenting stress. Therapist use of more CBT session structure elements and greater competence in implementing these elements was also related to a positive treatment response. Conclusions Findings from this small pilot failed to show that CBT was superior to UC when delivered by school-based clinicians. Large scale comparative effectiveness trials are needed to determine whether CBT leads to superior clinical outcomes prior to dissemination.

Becker, Kimberly D.; Drazdowski, Tess K.; Tein, Jenn-Yun

2012-01-01

340

Development of a motivational interviewing programme as a prelude to CBT for anxiety following traumatic brain injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief preparatory programme, based on the principles of motivational interviewing (MI), was developed as a way of engaging clients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and preparing them for a cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) programme for anxiety. The MI?+?CBT programme was delivered to a male client in his early 40s with severe TBI at four months post-injury, using a single-subject

Ming-Yun Hsieh; Jennie Ponsford; Dana Wong; Michael Schönberger; Adam McKay; Kerrie Haines

2012-01-01

341

Counselor training in several evidence-based psychosocial addiction treatments in private US substance abuse treatment centers  

PubMed Central

Background Given that most addiction counselors enter the field unprepared to implement psychosocial evidence-based practices (EBPs), surprisingly little is known about the extent to which substance abuse treatment centers provide their counselors with formal training in these treatments. This study examines the extent of formal training that treatment centers provide their counselors in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), motivational interviewing (MI), contingency management (CM), and brief strategic family therapy (BSFT). Methods Face-to-face interviews with 340 directors of a nationally representative sample of privately funded US substance abuse treatment centers. Results Although a substantial number of treatment centers provide their counselors with formal training in EBPs that they use with their clients, coverage is far from complete. For example, of those centers that use CBT, 34% do not provide their counselors with any formal training in CBT (either initially or annually), and 61% do not provide training in CBT that includes supervised training cases. Sizable training gaps exist for MI, CM, and BSFT as well. Conclusions The large training gaps found in this study give rise to concerns regarding the integrity with which CBT, MI, CM, and BSFT are being delivered by counselors in private US substance abuse treatment centers. Future research should examine the generalizability of our findings to other types of treatment centers (e.g., public) and to the implementation of other EBPs.

Olmstead, Todd A.; Abraham, Amanda J.; Martino, Steve; Roman, Paul M.

2011-01-01

342

Increasing Teacher Access to Ongoing Computer Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Training Modules for Trainers (TMT) Project. Discusses the creation of competency-based materials, observing trainers at work and choosing a feasible model. Lists the titles and descriptions of TMT modules. Describes the purpose of the project as promoting the creative and productive use of computers as instructional tools. (CW)

Carlson, Elizabeth A.; Berger, Carl F.

1988-01-01

343

Workplace Training Project, Eugene, Oregon. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Workplace Training Project began as a partnership between Lane Community College in Eugene, Oregon, and four area businesses. Their primary objective was to develop worksite-specific, learner-centered, competency-based workplace curricula in topics such as the following: basic math, fractions and measurement in the workplace, survival math for…

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

344

CHoice of Outcome In Cbt for psychosEs (CHOICE): the development of a new service user-led outcome measure of CBT for psychosis.  

PubMed

Outcome measures for cognitive behavior therapy for psychosis (CBTp) have been derived from pharmacological studies, focusing on symptom change rather than outcomes such as distress or fulfillment. This study presents the development and psychometric properties of a new outcome measure (CHoice of Outcome In Cbt for psychosEs [CHOICE]), which reflects more strongly the aims of CBTp and the priorities of service users. Service users who had received CBTp participated in focus groups to discuss their outcome priorities, using a topic guide generated by a panel of experts in CBTp. A qualitative thematic analysis was undertaken to reach consensus on themes and generate items. Response scales were constructed for 3 dimensions: severity, satisfaction, and importance. The resulting questionnaire was piloted with service users who had not received CBTp, stratified by service type, ethnicity, and first language to ensure that it was user friendly and applicable prior to CBTp. The psychometric properties of the measure were then examined in a sample of 152 service users. Twenty-four items, and 2 of the dimensions (severity and satisfaction), were retained in the final measure. A factor analysis revealed a single psychological recovery factor interspersed throughout with both CBTp and recovery items. Test-retest reliability, construct validity, and sensitivity to change following CBTp were confirmed. The CHOICE measure is unique in being the first psychometrically adequate service user-led outcome measure of CBTp. It provides the opportunity to examine the evidence base for CBTp with an assessment approach that prioritizes service user definitions of recovery and CBT aims. PMID:19880823

Greenwood, Kathryn E; Sweeney, Angela; Williams, Sally; Garety, Philippa; Kuipers, Elizabeth; Scott, Jan; Peters, Emmanuelle

2009-10-30

345

The development and evaluation of a competency-based program for patients with a ventricular assist device.  

PubMed

The ventricular assist device (VAD) is a mechanical device that is used to provide long term support either as a bridge or as an alternative to transplantation for patients suffering from end stage heart failure. While in hospital, patients with a VAD have traditionally been taught by an educator nurse with VAD expertise in preparation for discharge. In 2004, our centre implemented a successful competency-based patient education program in post-heart transplant patients and thought that a similar program may provide increased confidence for bedside nurses to actively participate in VAD patient education prior to discharge. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to create a competency-based education program that would provide consistency in patient teaching. A questionnaire was developed and completed by 13 bedside nurses. This pre-test questionnaire indicated the need for a systematic and organized approach to VAD patient teaching. Furthermore, adequate resources, consistency in teaching methods, and feedback were seen to be essential. A pilot competency-based program was designed to lead bedside nurses and patients through a series of learning phases and has successfully been implemented. Since its implementation, the questionnaire has been repeated with results reflecting satisfaction with the revised competency-based program. Our findings and evaluation of the program through pre- and post-testing reflect an increase in organization in our teaching methods and has led to improved confidence and satisfaction for bedside nurses using this program. By redeveloping the current method of VAD education, our goal has been to improve the ways in which we deliver teaching to our patients. It is thought that, as with our experience in the post-heart transplant population, bedside nurses and team members will feel more empowered to provide teaching to patients with a VAD. PMID:22908523

Loughran, Stephanie; Kealy, Jennifer; Shook, Alyssa; Kaan, Annemarie

2012-01-01

346

Contradictions in the Practices of Training for and Assessment of Competency: A Case Study from the Maritime Domain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the contradictions in the current maritime education and training system (MET), which is based on competency-based education, training and assessment, and to theorize the failure to make the training useful. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of education and training in the international…

Emad, Gholamreza; Roth, Wolff Michael

2008-01-01

347

A national survey of health service infrastructure and policy impacts on access to computerised CBT in Scotland  

PubMed Central

Background NICE recommends computerised cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) for the treatment of several mental health problems such as anxiety and depression. cCBT may be one way that services can reduce waiting lists and improve capacity and efficiency. However, there is some doubt about the extent to which the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK is embracing this new health technology in practice. This study aimed to investigate Scottish health service infrastructure and policies that promote or impede the implementation of cCBT in the NHS. Methods A telephone survey of lead IT staff at all health board areas across Scotland to systematically enquire about the ability of local IT infrastructure and IT policies to support delivery of cCBT. Results Overall, most of the health boards possess the required software to use cCBT programmes. However, the majority of NHS health boards reported that they lack dedicated computers for patient use, hence access to cCBT at NHS sites is limited. Additionally, local policy in the majority of boards prevent staff from routinely contacting patients via email, skype or instant messenger, making the delivery of short, efficient support sessions difficult. Conclusions Conclusions: Overall most of the infrastructure is in place but is not utilised in ways that allow effective delivery. For cCBT to be successfully delivered within a guided support model, as recommended by national guidelines, dedicated patient computers should be provided to allow access to online interventions. Additionally, policy should allow staff to support patients in convenient ways such as via email or live chat. These measures would increase the likelihood of achieving Scottish health service targets to reduce waiting time for psychological therapies to 18 weeks.

2012-01-01

348

Absence of seasonal patterns in MBT-CBT indices in mid-latitude soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The degree of methylation and cyclization of bacteria-derived branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) membrane lipids in soils depends on temperature and soil pH. Expressed in the methylation index of branched tetraethers (MBT) and cyclization ratio of branched tetraethers (CBT), these relationships are used to reconstruct past annual mean air temperature (MAT) based on the distribution of branched GDGTs in ancient sediments; the MBT-CBT proxy. Although it was shown that the best correlation of this proxy is with annual MAT, it remains unknown whether a seasonal bias in temperature reconstructions could occur, such as towards a seasonal period of 'optimal growth' of the, as yet, unidentified soil bacteria which produce branched GDGTs. To investigate this possibility, soils were sampled from eight different plots in the USA (Minnesota and Ohio), The Netherlands (Texel) and the UK (Devon) in time series over 1 year and analyzed for their branched GDGT content. Further analyses of the branched GDGTs present as core lipids (CLs; the presumed fossil pool) and intact polar lipids (IPLs; the presumed extant pool) were undertaken for two of the investigated soil plots. The amount of IPL-derived branched GDGTs is low relative to the branched GDGT CLs, i.e. only 6-9% of the total branched GDGT pool. In all soils, no clear change was apparent in the distribution of branched GDGT lipids (either core or IPL-derived) with seasonal temperature change; the MBT-CBT temperature proxy gave similar temperature estimates year-round, which generally matched the mean annual soil temperature. In addition to a lack of coherent changes in relative distributions, concentrations of the branched GDGTs did not show clear changes over the seasons. For IPL-derived GDGTs these results suggest that their turnover time in soils is in the order of 1 year or more. Thus, our study does not provide evidence for seasonal effects on the distribution of branched GDGTs in soils, at least at mid-latitudes, and therefore, no direct evidence for a bias of MBT-CBT reconstructed temperatures towards a certain season of optimal growth of the source bacteria. If, however, there is a slight seasonal preference of branched GDGT production, which can easily be obscured by natural variability due to the heterogeneity of soils, then a seasonal bias may potentially still develop over time due to the long turnover time of branched GDGTs.

Weijers, Johan W. H.; Bernhardt, Beth; Peterse, Francien; Werne, Josef P.; Dungait, Jennifer A. J.; Schouten, Stefan; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

2011-06-01

349

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

350

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

351

Competency-Based Common-Core Curriculum for Emergency Medical Technician Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide contains a listing of all common-core competencies that should be taught in Arizona community colleges in order to prepare students to meet the requirements of basic and refresher emergency medical technician training. Identified through a statewide project, the competencies cover the following topics: introduction to…

Arizona State Board of Directors for Community Colleges, Phoenix.

352

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

Dimanche, Maurice

353

Differential Effectiveness of Behavioral Parent-Training and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Antisocial Youth: A Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extended the findings from previous meta-analytic work by comparing the effectiveness of behavioral parent-training (BPT) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for youth with antisocial behavior problems. Youth demographic variables were also examined as potential moderators of the effectiveness of these 2 types of interventions. Thirty BPT studies and 41 CBT studies met inclusion criteria for this meta-analysis. The weighted mean effect

Michael R. McCart; Paul E. Priester; W. Hobart Davies; Razia Azen

2006-01-01

354

Transdiagnostic versus Diagnosis-Specific CBT for Anxiety Disorders: A Preliminary Randomized Controlled Non-inferiority Trial  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders have been gaining increased attention and empirical study in recent years. Despite this, research on transdiagnostic anxiety treatments has, to date, relied on open trials, or comparisons to waitlist conditions, published benchmarks, or relaxation-based interventions. METHODS The current study was a randomized clinical trial examining the efficacy of a 12-week transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral group treatment in comparison to 12-week diagnosis-specific group CBT protocols for panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. RESULTS Results from 46 treatment initiators suggested significant improvement during treatment, strong evidence for treatment equivalence across transdiagnostic and diagnosis-specific CBT conditions, and no differences in treatment credibility. CONCLUSIONS This study provides evidence supporting the efficacy of transdiagnostic CBT by comparison to current gold-standard diagnosis-specific CBT for social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and panic disorder. Transdiagnostic group CBT has the benefit of potentially easing dissemination and increasing access to evidence based treatments for anxiety without sacrificing efficacy.

Norton, Peter J.; Barrera, Terri L.

2012-01-01

355

Training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Psychiatry Residency: An Overview for Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In January 2001, Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education accredited general psychiatry training programs were charged with the requirement to train residents in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to a level of competence. Programs were given the responsibility to delineate standards for trainees, to determine measures of competence,…

Sudak, Donna M.

2009-01-01

356

Aggression Management Training for Youth in Behaviour Schools: A Quasi-Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 16-week, bi-weekly, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based aggression management training course was conducted with a limited sample of behavioural school students in New South Wales. Attendance, withdrawal and suspension rates over the training period were compared to those of a control period. Parent and teacher feedback, assessed at pre-…

Wheatley, Anna; Murrihy, Rachael; van Kessel, Jacobine; Wuthrich, Viviana; Remond, Louise; Tuqiri, Rebekka; Dadds, Mark; Kidman, Antony

2009-01-01

357

Individual Differences and Learning Performance in Computer-based Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work is in support of a multi-year project to evaluate 'people- centered' aspects of computer-based training (CBT) or technology assisted instruction. The core component of the work will be developing a longitudinal database that will include individ...

A. B. Hyneman D. L. Alderton R. A. Schultz

2011-01-01

358

[Longer-term outcome of CBT for eating disorders in a naturalistic setting].  

PubMed

The efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for adults with eating disorders has been shown in several naturalistic studies. In contrast studies showing longer-term effects in naturalistic outpatient treatment are still lacking. Therefore 99 female patients with the primary DSM-IV diagnosis of an eating disorder were considered in this analysis. Longer-term duration outcome data exist for 53,5% (n=53). EDE-Q, BDI and BSI were used as outcome measures and were given to patients at the beginning, the end and 18 month after the end of treatment. The effect sizes remained fairly steady throughout follow-up. Also the response rates remained the same on average (63,6%), whereupon 25% lost their status of response and 22,7% showed spontaneous remission during long-term evaluation. Although the average longer-term effect sizes of CBT in an outpatient routine health-care service were maintained throughout follow-up, one fourth of the females developed symptomatology again. PMID:22473428

Schnicker, Katja; Legenbauer, Tanja; Hiller, Wolfgang

2012-04-02

359

Interactive, Computer-Based Training Program for Radiological Workers  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is redesigning its Computer-Based Training (CBT) program for radiological workers. The redesign represents a major effort to produce a single, highly interactive and flexible CBT program that will meet the training needs of a wide range of radiological workers--from researchers and x-ray operators to individuals working in tritium, uranium, plutonium, and accelerator facilities. The new CBT program addresses the broad diversity of backgrounds found at a national laboratory. When a training audience is homogeneous in terms of education level and type of work performed, it is difficult to duplicate the effectiveness of a flexible, technically competent instructor who can tailor a course to the express needs and concerns of a course's participants. Unfortunately, such homogeneity is rare. At LLNL, they have a diverse workforce engaged in a wide range of radiological activities, from the fairly common to the quite exotic. As a result, the Laboratory must offer a wide variety of radiological worker courses. These include a general contamination-control course in addition to radioactive-material-handling courses for both low-level laboratory (i.e., bench-top) activities as well as high-level work in tritium, uranium, and plutonium facilities. They also offer training courses for employees who work with radiation-generating devices--x-ray, accelerator, and E-beam operators, for instance. However, even with the number and variety of courses the Laboratory offers, they are constrained by the diversity of backgrounds (i.e., knowledge and experience) of those to be trained. Moreover, time constraints often preclude in-depth coverage of site- and/or task-specific details. In response to this situation, several years ago LLNL began moving toward computer-based training for radiological workers. Today, that CBT effort includes a general radiological safety course developed by the Department of Energy's Hanford facility and a contamination-control program developed by LLNL. A comprehensive study guide and a post-training practical exam supplement the CBT effort. The ''hands-on'' practical is particularly important in that it gives participants not only the opportunity to demonstrate what they've learned, but to ask questions about their individual work situations. The challenge is how to make the CBT program more facility- and task-specific while, at the same time, making the program more in tune with the education and/or experience levels of individual trainees. To that end, they have designed a CBT program, which they refer to as an ''onion''. That is, the course is layered, going from the general to the more and more specific.

Trinoskey, P.A.; Camacho, P.I.; Wells, L.

2000-01-18

360

Adopting e-Learning Standards in Health Care: Competency-based Learning in the Medical Informatics Domain  

PubMed Central

Like many forms of education, health professions education is increasingly competency-based. At the same time, there is growing use of e-learning technologies, which can be linked to competencies via emerging e-learning standards. Health care has been slow to adopt competencies and e-learning standards. We report our efforts to facilitate access to competencies and e-learning content in the medical informatics domain, linked by content-competency associations, based on standards developed by the MedBiquitous Consortium. We demonstrate that such standards can be successfully used and their implementation in other domains is warranted.

Hersh, William R.; Bhupatiraju, Ravi Teja; Greene, Peter S.; Smothers, Valerie; Cohen, Cheryl

2006-01-01

361

Adopting e-learning standards in health care: competency-based learning in the medical informatics domain.  

PubMed

Like many forms of education, health professions education is increasingly competency-based. At the same time, there is growing use of e-learning technologies, which can be linked to competencies via emerging e-learning standards. Health care has been slow to adopt competencies and e-learning standards. We report our efforts to facilitate access to competencies and e-learning content in the medical informatics domain, linked by content-competency associations, based on standards developed by the MedBiquitous Consortium. We demonstrate that such standards can be successfully used and their implementation in other domains is warranted. PMID:17238358

Hersh, William R; Bhupatiraju, Ravi Teja; Greene, Peter; Smothers, Valerie; Cohen, Cheryl

2006-01-01

362

Revised calibration of the MBT-CBT paleotemperature proxy based on branched tetraether membrane lipids in surface soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MBT-CBT proxy for the reconstruction of paleotemperatures and past soil pH is based on the distribution of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (brGDGT) membrane lipids. The Methylation of Branched Tetraether (MBT) and the Cyclisation of Branched Tetraether (CBT) indices were developed to quantify these distributions, and significant empirical relations between these indices and annual mean air temperature (MAT) and/or soil pH were found in a large data set of soils. In this study, we extended this soil dataset to 278 globally distributed surface soils. Of these soils, 26% contains all nine brGDGTs, while in 63% of the soils the seven most common brGDGTs were detected, and the latter were selected for calibration purposes. This resulted in new transfer functions for the reconstruction of pH based on the CBT index: pH = 7.90-1.97 × CBT (r2 = 0.70; RMSE = 0.8; n = 176), as well as for MAT based on the CBT index and methylation index based on the seven most abundant GDGTs (defined as MBT?): MAT = 0.81-5.67 × CBT + 31.0 × MBT? (r2 = 0.59; RMSE = 5.0 °C; n = 176). The new transfer function for MAT has a substantially lower correlation coefficient than the original equation (r2 = 0.77). To investigate possible improvement of the correlation, we used our extended global surface soil dataset to statistically derive the indices that best describe the relations of brGDGT composition with MAT and soil pH. These new indices, however, resulted in only a relatively minor increase in correlation coefficients, while they cannot be explained straightforwardly by physiological mechanisms. The large scatter in the calibration cannot be fully explained by local factors or by seasonality, but MAT for soils from arid regions are generally substantially (up to 20 °C) underestimated, suggesting that absolute brGDGT-based temperature records for these areas should be interpreted with caution.The applicability of the new MBT?-CBT calibration function was tested using previously published MBT-CBT-derived paleotemperature records covering the last deglaciation in Central Africa and East Asia, the Eocene-Oligocene boundary and the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. The results show that trends remain similar in all records, but that absolute temperature estimates and the amplitude of temperature changes are lower for most records, and generally in better agreement with independent proxy data.

Peterse, Francien; van der Meer, Jaap; Schouten, Stefan; Weijers, Johan W. H.; Fierer, Noah; Jackson, Robert B.; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

2012-11-01

363

Computer-based training at Sellafield  

SciTech Connect

British Nuclear Fuel Limited (BNFL) operate the United Kingdom's spent-fuel receipt, storage, and reprocessing complex at Sellafield. Spent fuel from graphite-moderated CO/sub 2/-cooled Magnox reactors has been reprocessed at Sellafield for 22 yr. Spent fuel from light water and advanced gas reactors is stored pending reprocessing in the Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant currently being constructed. The range of knowledge and skills needed for plant operation, construction, and commissioning represents a formidable training requirement. In addition, employees need to be acquainted with company practices and procedures. Computer-based training (CBT) is expected to play a significant role in this process. In this paper, current applications of CBT to the filed of nuclear criticality safety are described and plans for the immediate future are outlined.

Cartmell, A.; Evans, M.C.

1986-01-01

364

A competency-based approach to preparing staff as recreation and youth development leaders.  

PubMed

Youth development professionals and parks and recreation professionals often are charged with providing services to youth. However, the approach of each can be quite different as recreation is a primary focus for recreation professionals and part of many services offered by youth development specialists. Despite the differences, these two groups of professionals can learn a great deal from each other. This article examines youth development and staff training with examples from the field and suggests how youth development professionals can learn from recreation professionals and vice versa. It suggests that parks and recreation professionals can strengthen degree programs, accreditation, certification, and continuing education by incorporating specific youth development competencies established by the National Collaboration for Youth. For their part, youth development professionals can learn from parks and recreation professionals how to enhance recreation programming as part of their services by gaining an understanding of program design, program and activity leadership, and administrative practices. With much debate over whether more education or more experience is a better path for those working with youth, the authors suggest that a combination of both will adhere to the quality of staff. Staff gain further knowledge and skill from academic preparation at the undergraduate and graduate levels, field-based training through jobs and internships, and continuing education courses specializing in youth development competencies and recreation-based competencies set within a youth development environment. PMID:21786414

Barcelona, Robert J; Hurd, Amy R; Bruggeman, Jennifer A

2011-01-01

365

On Site Training for Adult Day Care Program Aides that Meet State Certification Requirements and National Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a practicum that was conducted to develop a training program appropriate for adult day care program aides that would meet Oklahoma state certification requirements and national standards. The training curriculum for use in delivering onsite competency-based training to students studying to become adult day care program…

Medley, Pamilea

366

Alternatives for Paraprofessional Training: Field Based Inservice for Those Who Work with Handicapped Children. A First and Second Year Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report covers the first two years of the 3 year Alternatives for Paraprofessional Training (APT) project. The project addresses the need for training paraprofessionals who currently are working with young handicapped children in rural and urban areas of Texas. APT provides onsite competency based training for paraprofessionals through a…

Evans, Joyce

367

Randomized Controlled Trial of Clozapine and CBT for First-Episode Psychosis with Enduring Positive Symptoms: A Pilot Study.  

PubMed

Here we report the results of a pilot study investigating the relative and combined effects of a 12 week course of clozapine and CBT in first-episode psychosis patients with prominent ongoing positive symptoms following their initial treatment. Patients from our early psychosis service who met the inclusion criteria (n = 48) were randomized to one of four treatment groups: clozapine, clozapine plus CBT, thioridazine, or thioridazine plus CBT. The degree of psychopathology and functionality of all participants was measured at baseline then again at 6, 12 and 24 weeks, and the treatment outcomes for each group determined by statistical analysis. A substantial proportion (52%) of those treated with clozapine achieved symptomatic remission, as compared to 35% of those who were treated with thioridazine. Overall, those who received clozapine responded more rapidly to treatment than those receiving the alternative treatments. Interestingly, during the early treatment phase CBT appeared to reduce the intensity of both positive and negative symptoms and thus the time taken to respond to treatment, as well having as a stabilizing effect over time. PMID:22937265

Edwards, J; Cocks, J; Burnett, P; Maud, D; Wong, L; Yuen, H P; Harrigan, S M; Herrman-Doig, T; Murphy, B; Wade, D; McGorry, P D

2011-03-30

368

Internet-Based CBT for Depression with and without Telephone Tracking in a National Helpline: Randomised Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Telephone helplines are frequently and repeatedly used by individuals with chronic mental health problems and web interventions may be an effective tool for reducing depression in this population. Aim To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6 week, web-based cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) intervention with and without proactive weekly telephone tracking in the reduction of depression in callers to a helpline service. Method 155 callers to a national helpline service with moderate to high psychological distress were recruited and randomised to receive either Internet CBT plus weekly telephone follow-up; Internet CBT only; weekly telephone follow-up only; or treatment as usual. Results Depression was lower in participants in the web intervention conditions both with and without telephone tracking compared to the treatment as usual condition both at post intervention and at 6 month follow-up. Telephone tracking provided by a lay telephone counsellor did not confer any additional advantage in terms of symptom reduction or adherence. Conclusions A web-based CBT program is effective both with and without telephone tracking for reducing depression in callers to a national helpline. Trial Registration Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN93903959

Farrer, Louise; Christensen, Helen; Griffiths, Kathleen M.; Mackinnon, Andrew

2011-01-01

369

Are Attitudes To Ageing and Wisdom Enhancement Legitimate Targets For CBT For Late Life Depression and Anxiety?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a brief overview of demographic change and suggests that as people are living longer and healthier than previous generations, there is a need to consider how well psychotherapy models are suited to the new generation of elders. The paper also outlines the use of gerontological therapies as vehicles for change to enhance treatment outcome for CBT for

Ken Laidlaw

2010-01-01

370

Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel. Level II - Advanced Welders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to help education and training facilities develop and administer competency-based training programs to qualify and certify trainees in accordance with the American Welding Society (AWS) requirements for level II (advanced) welders. Presented first are the scope, objectives, and requirements of the AWS…

American Welding Society, Miami, FL.

371

Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel. Level III - Expert Welders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to help education and training facilities develop and administer competency-based training programs to qualify and certify trainees in accordance with American Welding Society (AWS) requirements for level III (expert) welders. Presented first are the scope/objectives/requirements of the AWS qualification/certification…

American Welding Society, Miami, FL.

372

Commentary: Training in Pediatric Psychology: A Survey of Predoctoral Internship Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the field of professional psychology, there is a growing emphasis on a competency-based approach to the training and evaluation of psychology students (Pe- terson, Peterson, Abrams, & Stricker, 1997). This move- ment has led to such recent events as a major multinational conference, which was held to focus on the identification, training, and assessment of core competencies of psy-

Nadine J. Kaslow; Corinne F. David

2003-01-01

373

Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel. Entry Level Welder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains information to assist education and training facilities in the development and administration of competency-based training that leads to the qualification and certification of trainees in accordance with American Welding Society specifications. The document begins with a description of the scope, objectives, and requirements…

American Welding Society, Miami, FL.

374

Workplace Training Project at Lane Community College. Guide for Instructors and Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed for workplace instructors involved in the Workplace Training Project. The Workplace Training Project was conducted by Lane Community College in Eugene, Oregon, in partnership with four area businesses to develop learner-centered competency-based workplace curricula covering the following topics: basic math, fractions and…

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

375

An Internal Evaluation of a Field-Based Training Component for School Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Project ROME-FOCUS (Field-Oriented Competency Utilization System), a competency-based, field-oriented, training program for school administrators was field tested at Valdosta State College, Valdosta, Georgia, January - May, 1976. An internal evaluation conducted by the instructional staff suggested that principals preferred ROME-FOCUS training to…

Licata, Joseph W.

376

Vocational Education and Training and Conceptions of the Self.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inadequate conceptions of the self underlie vocational education and training policy and instruction. The concept of a socially extended self, a social being who is complex and multifaceted, is incompatible with competency-based approaches to vocational education being used in Australia. (SK)

Blunden, Ralph

1999-01-01

377

Vocational Education and Training in Denmark. Short Description  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Vocational education and training in Denmark has embarked on a process of modernisation aiming at, primarily, increasing flexibility, and individualisation, quality and efficiency. Assessment and recognition of informal and non-formal learning, competence-based curricula, innovative approaches to teaching, and increased possibilities for partial…

Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012

2012-01-01

378

Predicting the outcome of a cognitive-behavioral group training for patients with unexplained physical symptoms: a one-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Although Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is effective for Unexplained Physical Symptoms (UPS), some therapists in clinical practice seem to believe that CBT outcome will diminish if psychiatric comorbidity is present. The result is that patients with a psychiatric comorbidity are redirected from treatment for UPS into treatment for mental health problems. To explore whether this selection and allocation are appropriate, we explored whether CBT outcomes in UPS could be predicted by variables assessed at baseline and used in routine-practice assessments. Methods Patients (n=162) with UPS classified as undifferentiated somatoform disorder or chronic pain disorder were followed up until one year after they had attended a CBT group training. The time-points of the follow-up were at the end of CBT (immediate outcome), three months after CBT (short-term outcome), and one year after CBT (long-term outcome). CBT outcome was measured using the Physical Component Summary of the SF-36, which was the primary outcome measure in the randomized controlled trial that studied effectiveness of the CBT group training. Predictors were: 1.) psychological symptoms (global severity score of SCL-90), 2.) personality-disorder characteristics (sum of DSM-IV axis II criteria confirmed), 3.) psychiatric history (past presence of DSM-IV axis I disorders), and 4.) health-related quality of life in the mental domain (mental component summary of SF-36). The effect of this predictor set was explored using hierarchical multiple regression analyses into which these predictors had been entered simultaneously, after control for: a.) pretreatment primary outcome scores, b.) age, c.) gender, d.) marital status, and e.) employment. Results The predictor set was significant only for short-term CBT outcome, where it explained 15% of the variance. A better outcome was predicted by more psychological symptoms, fewer personality-disorder characteristics, the presence of a psychiatric history, and a better quality of life in the mental domain. Conclusions As the predictors do not seem to predict CBT outcome consistently over time, the need for selection and allocation of patients for CBT is doubtful. It seems that this would unnecessarily deprive patients of effective treatment. Trial registration Nederlands Trial Register, NTR1609

2012-01-01

379

Bacterial GDGTs in Holocene sediments and catchment soils of a high Alpine lake: application of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel proxy for continental mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and soil pH, the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer, is based on the temperature (T) and pH-dependent distribution of specific bacterial membrane lipids (branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers - GDGTs) in soil organic matter. Here, we tested the applicability of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer to sediments from Lake Cadagno, a high Alpine lake in southern Switzerland with a small catchment of 2.4 km2. We analysed the distribution of bacterial GDGTs in catchment soils and in a radiocarbon-dated sediment core from the centre of the lake, covering the past 11 000 yr. The distribution of bacterial GDGTs in the catchment soils is very similar to that in the lake's surface sediments, indicating a common origin of the lipids. Consequently, their transfer from the soils into the sediment record seems undisturbed, probably without any significant alteration of their distribution through in situ production in the lake itself or early diagenesis of branched GDGTs. The MBT/CBT-inferred MAAT estimates from soils and surface sediments are in good agreement with instrumental values for the Lake Cadagno region (~0.5 °C). Moreover, downcore MBT/CBT-derived MAAT estimates match in timing and magnitude other proxy-based T reconstructions from nearby locations for the last two millennia. Major climate anomalies recorded by the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer are, for instance, the Little Ice Age (~14th to 19th century) and the Medieval Warm Period (MWP, ~9th to 14th century). Together, our observations indicate the quantitative applicability of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer to Lake Cadagno sediments. In addition to the MWP, our lacustrine paleo T record indicates Holocene warm phases at about 3, 5, 7 and 11 kyr before present, which agrees in timing with other records from both the Alps and the sub-polar North-East Atlantic Ocean. The good temporal match of the warm periods determined for the central Alpine region with north-west European winter precipitation strength implies a strong and far-reaching influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on continental European T variations during the Holocene.

Niemann, H.; Stadnitskaia, A.; Wirth, S. B.; Gilli, A.; Anselmetti, F. S.; Sinninghe Damsté, J. S.; Schouten, S.; Hopmans, E. C.; Lehmann, M. F.

2012-05-01

380

Successful treatment of OCD with a micronutrient formula following partial response to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) affects 0.5–2% of young people many of whom are resistant to conventional treatments. This case study describes an 18-year-old male with OCD who first underwent cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for a 1-year period with a modest response (his OCD had shifted from severe to moderate). Within a year, his anxiety had deteriorated back to the severe

Julia J. Rucklidge

2009-01-01

381

Internet-Based CBT for Depression with and without Telephone Tracking in a National Helpline: Randomised Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundTelephone helplines are frequently and repeatedly used by individuals with chronic mental health problems and web interventions may be an effective tool for reducing depression in this population.AimTo evaluate the effectiveness of a 6 week, web-based cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) intervention with and without proactive weekly telephone tracking in the reduction of depression in callers to a helpline service.Method155 callers

Louise Farrer; Helen Christensen; Kathleen M. Griffiths; Andrew Mackinnon

2011-01-01

382

The Effectiveness of Internet Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (iCBT) for Depression in Primary Care: A Quality Assurance Study  

PubMed Central

Background Depression is a common, recurrent, and debilitating problem and Internet delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) could offer one solution. There are at least 25 controlled trials that demonstrate the efficacy of iCBT. The aim of the current paper was to evaluate the effectiveness of an iCBT Program in primary care that had been demonstrated to be efficacious in two randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Method Quality assurance data from 359 patients prescribed the Sadness Program in Australia from October 2010 to November 2011 were included. Results Intent-to-treat marginal model analyses demonstrated significant reductions in depressive symptoms (PHQ9), distress (K10), and impairment (WHODAS-II) with medium-large effect sizes (Cohen's d?=?.51–1.13.), even in severe and/or suicidal patients (Cohen's d?=?.50–1.49.) Secondary analyses on patients who completed all 6 lessons showed levels of clinically significant change as indexed by established criteria for remission, recovery, and reliable change. Conclusions The Sadness Program is effective when prescribed by primary care practitioners and is consistent with a cost-effective stepped-care framework.

Williams, Alishia D; Andrews, Gavin

2013-01-01

383

Use of skills learned in CBT for fear of flying: Managing flying anxiety after September 11th  

PubMed Central

Although there is evidence that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in the treatment for fear of flying (FOF), there are no studies that specifically examine which skills taught in treatment are being used by clients after treatment is completed. This study examines whether participants report using skills taught in treatment for FOF after treatment is completed and whether the reported use of these skills is associated with reduced flying anxiety in the face of fear-relevant event, the September 11th terrorist attacks, and over the long-term. One hundred fifteen participants were randomly assigned to and completed eight sessions of individual CBT treatment for FOF. Fifty-five participants were reassessed in June 2002, an average of 2.3 years after treatment. Surveys were also collected from thirty-three individuals who did not receive treatment for FOF. Results indicated that treatment completers were more likely to report using skills taught in treatment than individuals who had not received treatment. In addition, self-reported use of skills among previously treated individuals was associated with lower levels of flying anxiety. These findings suggest that use of skills taught in CBT treatment is associated with reduced flying anxiety in the face of a fear-relevant event and over the long term.

Kim, Simon; Palin, Frances; Anderson, Page; Edwards, Shannan; Lindner, Gretchen

2009-01-01

384

A randomised comparison of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) in disaster-exposed children  

PubMed Central

Background Building on previous research with disaster-exposed children and adolescents, a randomised clinical trial was performed in the treatment of trauma-related symptoms. In the current study two active treatments were compared among children in a broad age range and from a wide diversity of ethnic populations. Objective The primary aim was to compare the effectiveness and efficiency of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR). Design Children (n=52, aged 4–18) were randomly allocated to either CBT (n=26) or EMDR (n=26) in a disaster mental health after-care setting after an explosion of a fireworks factory. All children received up to four individual treatment sessions over a 4–8 week period along with up to four sessions of parent guidance. Blind assessment took place pre- and post-treatment and at 3 months follow-up on a variety of parent-rated and self-report measures of post-traumatic stress disorder symptomatology, depression, anxiety, and behaviour problems. Analyses of variance (general linear model repeated measures) were conducted on the intention-to-treat sample and the completers. Results Both treatment approaches produced significant reductions on all measures and results were maintained at follow-up. Treatment gains of EMDR were reached in fewer sessions. Conclusion Standardised CBT and EMDR interventions can significantly improve functioning of disaster-exposed children.

de Roos, Carlijn; Greenwald, Ricky; den Hollander-Gijsman, Margien; Noorthoorn, Eric; van Buuren, Stef; de Jongh, Ad

2011-01-01

385

Use of skills learned in CBT for fear of flying: managing flying anxiety after September 11th.  

PubMed

Although there is evidence that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in the treatment for fear of flying (FOF), there are no studies that specifically examine which skills taught in treatment are being used by clients after treatment is completed. This study examines whether participants report using skills taught in treatment for FOF after treatment is completed and whether the reported use of these skills is associated with reduced flying anxiety in the face of fear-relevant event, the September 11th terrorist attacks, and over the long-term. One hundred fifteen participants were randomly assigned to and completed eight sessions of individual CBT treatment for FOF. Fifty-five participants were reassessed in June 2002, an average of 2.3 years after treatment. Surveys were also collected from 33 individuals who did not receive treatment for FOF. Results indicated that treatment completers were more likely to report using skills taught in treatment than individuals who had not received treatment. In addition, self-reported use of skills among previously treated individuals was associated with lower levels of flying anxiety. These findings suggest that use of skills taught in CBT treatment is associated with reduced flying anxiety in the face of a fear-relevant event and over the long term. PMID:17391911

Kim, Simon; Palin, Frances; Anderson, Page; Edwards, Shannan; Lindner, Gretchen; Rothbaum, Barbara Olisov

2007-02-23

386

A Project to Initiate a Competency-Based Welding Program in Five Missouri Area Vocational Schools for Students with Special Needs and Varying Abilities. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness of competency-based, individualized instruction as a teaching technique in vocational welding programs for students with varying backgrounds, abilities, and special needs. Five Missouri area vocational schools participated in the project by field testing and evaluating welding instructional…

Evans, Shirley J.; Evans, Gerald

387

Development of Competency-Based Vocational Agricultural Instructional Materials for Handicapped Students Enrolled in Regular Agriculture Programs Other Than Horticulture. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report includes a description of a project to develop and field-test competency-based instructional materials for handicapped students enrolled in regular vocational agriculture programs; a list of project advisory personnel; the clusters of skills identified as appropriate for handicapped students enrolled in courses in dairy production,…

Baggett, Connie D.; And Others

388

Guide to Vocational-Technical Education Program Alternatives: Secondary and Postsecondary. An Introduction. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a supplement to the Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series, this guide overviews the typical vocational programs available and the general kinds of requirements involved that would have implications for program planning and budgeting. Part 1 of three parts defines what is meant by vocational education. The…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

389

A Competency-Based Workshop on Designing Learning Systems for the West Virginia Department of Education, Division of Instructional Learning Systems Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report documents the implementation and evaluation of a one-week competency-based workshop on designing learning systems for coordinators and curriculum development specialists of the West Virginia Department of Education, Division of Instructional Learning Systems. The main objectives of the workshop were: (1) the development of an…

Meehan, Merrill L.; And Others

390

Industrial Electronics and T.V./Computer Repair. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Fagg, Harold

391

NCME Debate--Resolved: That Measurement Issues in Competency-Based Educational Programs Are Not Different From Those in Other Kinds of Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proposition, "That measurement issues in competency-based educational programs (CBE) are not different from those in other kinds of testing (NCBE)" must be declared false. (1) Measurement in CBE focuses on the present while NCBE measurement focuses on information needed for future planning. (2) CBE measurement starts with definitive statements…

Merwin, Jack C.

392

Fiberglass Technician Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Fiberglass Technician. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for fiberglass technician is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English…

Shin, Masako T.

393

Three Views of Competency-Based Teacher Education: II University of Houston. CBTE Applying Systems Theory to Program Design. Fastback 49.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An overview of the competency-based teacher education (CBTE) program at the University of Houston is provided through a "walking tour" of its facilities and a presentation of the program rationale and design. Part 1 presents sketches of brief scenes in the college of education and an elementary school where students complete their field…

Houston, W. Robert; Jones, Howard L.

394

A Competency-Based Clinical Chemistry Course for the Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technician Graduate in a Medical Technology Baccalaureate Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a project that developed a competency-based clinical chemistry course for associate degree medical laboratory technicians (MLT) in a medical technology (MT) baccalaureate program. Content of the course was based upon competencies expected of medical technologists at career-entry as defined in the statements adopted in 1976 by the…

Buccelli, Pamela

395

A Project To Design and Implement a Competency-Based, Computer-Assisted and Computer-Managed Practical Nurse Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An Arkansas project developed a model practical nurse program that offers a nontraditional approach to instruction. Computer-assisted and computer-managed instruction was integrated into the competency-based curriculum, and the model was to be replicated in other licensed practical nurse (LPN) programs. The project was divided into six phases:…

Ozarka Vocational Technical School, Melbourne, AR.

396

Fiberglass Technician Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Fiberglass Technician. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for fiberglass technician is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English…

Shin, Masako T.

397

A Competency-Based Clinical Chemistry Course for the Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technician Graduate in a Medical Technology Baccalaureate Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented is a project that developed a competency-based clinical chemistry course for associate degree medical laboratory technicians (MLT) in a medical technology (MT) baccalaureate program. Content of the course was based upon competencies expected of medical technologists at career-entry as defined in the statements adopted in 1976 by the…

Buccelli, Pamela

398

Exploring the Role of Parent Training in the Treatment of Childhood Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from a randomized clinical trial comparing the relative efficacy of individual cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT), family CBT (FCBT), and a family-based education/support/attention control (FESA) condition were used to examine associations between in-session therapeutic techniques related to parent training (PT) and treatment outcomes. This…

Khanna, Muniya S.; Kendall, Philip C.

2009-01-01

399

Embedding Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Training in Practice: Facilitators and Barriers for Trainee Educational Psychologists (TEPs)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At the national level there has been a call for more therapeutic interventions and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) has been identified as one approach that can be used. The training of educational psychologists (EPs) has been extended to three years and this provides an opportunity to increase the depth of knowledge of particular therapeutic…

Squires, Garry; Dunsmuir, Sandra

2011-01-01

400

Test and Evaluation Plan for Airport Demonstration of Computer-Based Training for Checkpoint Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is the Test and Evaluation Plan (TEP) to evaluate the effectiveness of a Computer-Based Training (CBT) system to enhance screener performance to detect threat objects at the checkpoint. The test and evaluation (T&E) will determine the effect...

E. C. Neiderman

1996-01-01

401

A new way for surgical education — development and evaluation of a computer-based training module  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-based training (CBT) programs teach the material of a specific field and at the same time offer various ways of objectively assessing the knowledge gained. The interactive use of multi-media components such as text, graphics, animation, sound, digital slide shows, and videos as well as quizzes can theoretically facilitate the learning process. The aim of this study was the development

A. Mehrabi; Ch Glückstein; A. Benner; B Hashemi; Ch Herfarth; F Kallinowski

2000-01-01

402

Exploring the Role of Parent Training in the Treatment of Childhood Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from a randomized clinical trial comparing the relative efficacy of individual cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT), family CBT (FCBT), and a family-based education/support/attention control (FESA) condition were used to examine associations between in-session therapeutic techniques related to parent training (PT) and treatment outcomes. This…

Khanna, Muniya S.; Kendall, Philip C.

2009-01-01

403

Strategies for Integrating Computer-Based Training in College Music Theory Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the fall semester of 1993, a curriculum-based computer-based training (CBT) program was used to replace all in-class drills in intervals and chord identification for one section of freshman music theory at the University of Northern Colorado. This study was conducted to determine whether aural skills can be taught as effectively through the…

Hess, George J., Jr.

404

Effectiveness of brief training in cognitive behaviour therapy techniques for palliative care practitioners.  

PubMed

We describe training in CBT techniques for 20 palliative care practitioners delivered as 12 days' equivalent teaching plus skills-building supervision over a six month period. Audiotapes of trainees' interactions with patients during their usual work were rated using a specially devised 'Cognitive First Aid' rating scale (CFARS). The CFARS was highly internally consistent (Cronbach's Alpha 0.93) and inter-rater reliability was high. Trainees showed significant gain in CBT skills competency over six months (p=0.001). After initial training, half the trainees were randomised to discontinue supervision; their measured CBT skill dropped as did their self-reported confidence when reassessed six months later, whereas those who continued in supervision gained further skill and maintained confidence (p=0.007). Palliative care practitioners can be trained in CBT skills by a simple and brief training course and supportive, skills-building supervision. These skills are compatible with national guidelines on delivery of psychological support to patients at all stages of cancer. Supervision is necessary to ensure maintenance of skills and confidence to use them. PMID:17060250

Mannix, Kathryn A; Blackburn, Ivy Marie; Garland, Anne; Gracie, Jennifer; Moorey, Stirling; Reid, Barbara; Standart, Sally; Scott, Jan

2006-09-01

405

Perspective: Competency-based medical education: a defense against the four horsemen of the medical education apocalypse.  

PubMed

Medical education is facing a convergence of challenges that the authors characterize as the four horsemen of the medical education apocalypse: teaching patient shortages, teacher shortages, conflicting systems, and financial problems. Rapidly expanding class sizes and new medical schools are coming online as medical student access to teaching patients is becoming increasingly difficult because of the decreasing length and increasing intensity of hospital stays, concerns about patient safety, patients who are stressed for time, teaching physician shortages and needs for increasing productivity from those who remain, and increasing emphasis on translational research. Further, medical education is facing reductions in funding from all sources, just as it is mounting its first major expansion in 40 years. The authors contend that medical education is on the verge of crisis and that little outside assistance is forthcoming. If medical education is to avoid a catastrophic decline, it will need to take steps to reinvent itself and make optimum use of all available resources. Curriculum materials developed nationally, increased reliance on simulation and standardized patient experiences, and adoption of quality-control methods such as competency-based education are suggested as ways to keep medical education vital in an environment that is increasingly preoccupied with fending off the four horsemen. The authors conclude with a call for a national dialogue about how the medical education community can address the problems represented by the four horsemen, and they offer some potential ways to maintain the vitality of medical education in the face of such overwhelming problems. PMID:19202480

Albanese, Mark; Mejicano, George; Gruppen, Larry

2008-12-01

406

Game-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (GB-CBT): An Innovative Group Treatment Program for Children Who Have Been Sexually Abused  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents theory and rationale for game-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (GB-CBT), an integrative group modality for treating elementary school-aged children who have been sexually abused. GB-CBT incorporates evidence-based elements from cognitive-behavioral therapy, play therapy, and group therapy. The model's curriculum contains topics that have been demonstrated to be effective for treating child sexual abuse, including communication skills, emotional expression skills,

Craig Springer; Justin R. Misurell

2010-01-01

407

Competency Based Curriculum: Reading.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document, produced by a committee of teachers in reading instruction, includes a program description with pertinent extracts from the school district philosophy, as well as major goals and objectives. Curricular objectives state what a student should...

1978-01-01

408

CBT for Insomnia in Patients with High and Low Depressive Symptom Severity: Adherence and Clinical Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: To evaluate whether depressive symptom severity leads to poorer response and perceived adherence to cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) and to examine the impact of CBTI on well-being, depressive symptom severity, and suicidal ideation. Design: Pre- to posttreatment case replication series comparing low depression (LowDep) and high depression (HiDep) groups (based on a cutoff of 14 on the Beck Depression Inventory [BDI]). Participants: 127 men and 174 women referred for the treatment of insomnia. Interventions: Seven sessions of group CBTI. Measurements and Results: Improvement in the insomnia severity, perceived energy, productivity, self-esteem, other aspects of wellbeing, and overall treatment satisfaction did not differ between the HiDep and LowDep groups (p > 0.14). HiDep patients reported lower adherence to a fixed rise time, restricting time in bed, and changing expectations about sleep (p < 0.05). HiDep participants experienced significant reductions in BDI, after removing the sleep item. Levels of suicidal ideation dropped significantly among patients with pretreatment elevations (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Results suggest that pre- to post CBTI improvements in insomnia symptoms, perceived energy, productivity, self-esteem, and other aspects of well-being were similar among patients with and without elevation in depressive symptom severity. Thus, the benefits of CBTI extend beyond insomnia and include improvements in non-sleep outcomes, such as overall well-being and depressive symptom severity, including suicidal ideation, among patients with baseline elevations. Results identify aspects of CBTI that may merit additional attention to further improve outcomes among patients with insomnia and elevated depressive symptom severity. Citation: Manber R; Bernert RA; Suh S; Nowakowski S; Siebern AT; Ong JC. Cbt for insomnia in patients with high and low depressive symptom severity: adherence and clinical outcomes. J Clin Sleep Med 2011;7(6):645-652.

Manber, Rachel; Bernert, Rebecca A.; Suh, Sooyeon; Nowakowski, Sara; Siebern, Allison T.; Ong, Jason C.

2011-01-01

409

A new way for surgical education--development and evaluation of a computer-based training module.  

PubMed

Computer-based training (CBT) programs teach the material of a specific field and at the same time offer various ways of objectively assessing the knowledge gained. The interactive use of multi-media components such as text, graphics, animation, sound, digital slide shows, and videos as well as quizzes can theoretically facilitate the learning process. The aim of this study was the development and evaluation of a CBT-program by surgeons for student training. Using SuperCard, a teaching module for Distal Radius Fracture (DRF) was developed, which contains detailed clinical information. Video clips and vivid animations combine theoretical knowledge with practical experience. Fourth-year medical students (n = 103) were tested after using the module for 90 min. Other students (n = 47) served as the control group. In a 90 min lecture, DRF was discussed. CBT gained in all evaluated criteria (distinctiveness, detailed description, presentation of materials, structure, motivation for learning, time saved learning and memory retention) 15-20% better scores than the lecture. Although 82% of the students stated that their experience with computers was limited or insufficient, 100% found the use of CBT systems useful in student teaching. Most of them suggested the use of such programs as a method of exam preparation/self study (90%) or as a supplement to a lecture (40%). Based on these evaluations, CBT modules are an appropriate future teaching and learning system that is well accepted. In conclusion, the results of this study show that CBT-programs could be a valuable supplement to medical education. In addition, further development of CBT-programs and their use as information systems for surgical residency programs at universities can be suggested. PMID:10714445

Mehrabi, A; Glückstein, C; Benner, A; Hashemi, B; Herfarth, C; Kallinowski, F

2000-03-01

410

Guide to Competency-Based Education for Business and Office Occupations. A Catalog of Bookkeeping/Accounting, Clerical/Secretarial, and Data Processing Skills Which Your Students Need to Get a Job and to Keep It.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide was developed to help administrators develop a competency-based postsecondary curriculum to prepare students for employment in business and office occupations. The content is in five sections. The first one introduces the concepts and techniques of competency-based education and includes some sample forms, such as student…

New Mexico State Dept. of Education; Santa Fe. Div. of Vocational Education.

411

Social disinterest attitudes and group cognitive-behavioral social skills training for functional disability in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

The majority of clinical trials of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for schizophrenia have used individual therapy to target positive symptoms. Promising results have been found, however, for group CBT interventions and other treatment targets like psychosocial functioning. CBT for functioning in schizophrenia is based on a cognitive model of functional outcome in schizophrenia that incorporates dysfunctional attitudes (eg, social disinterest, defeatist performance beliefs) as mediators between neurocognitive impairment and functional outcome. In this report, 18 clinical trials of CBT for schizophrenia that included measures of psychosocial functioning were reviewed, and two-thirds showed improvements in functioning in CBT. The cognitive model of functional outcome was also tested by examining the relationship between social disinterest attitudes and functional outcome in 79 people with schizophrenia randomized to either group cognitive-behavioral social skills training or a goal-focused supportive contact intervention. Consistent with the cognitive model, lower social disinterest attitudes at baseline and greater reduction in social disinterest during group therapy predicted better functional outcome at end of treatment for both groups. However, the groups did not differ significantly with regard to overall change in social disinterest attitudes during treatment, suggesting that nonspecific social interactions during group therapy can lead to changes in social disinterest, regardless of whether these attitudes are directly targeted by cognitive therapy interventions. PMID:19628761

Granholm, Eric; Ben-Zeev, Dror; Link, Peter C

2009-07-23

412

[Treatment effects of combined cognitive behavioral therapy with parent training in hyperkinetic syndrome].  

PubMed

In the past cognitive behavioral treatment concepts failed to demonstrate their clinical effectiveness in the treatment of ADHD children. We combined a cognitive treatment package (CBT) with a special focus on self-instructional and self-management skills with a subsequent parent management training (PMT) in order to reduce academic problems and oppositional/aggressive behavior. 18 children with a diagnosis of ADHD combined type and Oppositional Defiant Disorder participated in the study. In an A-B study design the effects of a 12 weeks treatment phase (6 weeks CBT; 6 weeks PMT) were compared with a preceding 4 weeks baseline. Core symptoms of ADHD, conduct and homework problems were assessed by weekly administration of parent and teacher questionnaires. CBT was effective in reducing the core symptoms of ADHD at home, in school and concerning homework problems. Moreover conduct problems at home and in school were reduced. PMT resulted in a further amelioration of the cited symptoms. We conclude that CBT is an important component in the treatment of ADHD provided that aspects of generalization are considered. PMT is a useful adjunct to CBT due to its effectiveness in situations where children still have problems of self guidance. PMID:12235712

Frölich, Jan; Döpfner, Manfred; Berner, Walter; Lehmkuhl, Gerd

413

Competency, Capability, Complexity and Computers: Exploring a New Model for Conceptualising End-User Computer Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notions of competency have dominated the computer education literature, and have underpinned Competency-Based Training (CBT) in information technology at all levels of education and training. The emergence of counter-narratives underpinned by the capability movement, have as yet had minimal impact on practice in computer education. New discourses…

Phelps, Renata; Hase, Stewart; Ellis, Allan

2005-01-01

414

Submission to the Senate Inquiry into Current and Future Skill Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: This submission considers the very real failures to date to anticipate the potentially very serious shortfalls in both university academics and vocational education teachers in TAFE and related sectors. It then addresses some of the major policy inadequacies, specifically relating to competency based training (CBT) as a underpinning framework, the training packages which have destroyed conventional curriculum and have

Ian Cornford

415

A Training Intervention for Supervisors to Support a Work-Life Policy Implementation  

PubMed Central

Background Effective policy implementation is essential for a healthy workplace. The Ryan-Kossek 2008 model for work-life policy adoption suggests that supervisors as gatekeepers between employer and employee need to know how to support and communicate benefit regulations. This article describes a workplace intervention on a national employee benefit, Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), and evaluates the effectiveness of the intervention on supervisor knowledge, awareness, and experience with FMLA. Methods The intervention consisted of computer-based training (CBT) and a survey measuring awareness and experience with FMLA. The training was administered to 793 county government supervisors in the state of Oregon, USA. Results More than 35% of supervisors reported no previous training on FMLA and the training pre-test revealed a lack of knowledge regarding benefit coverage and employer responsibilities. The CBT achieved: (1) a significant learning effect and large effect size of d = 2.0, (2) a positive reaction to the training and its design, and (3) evidence of increased knowledge and awareness regarding FMLA. Conclusion CBT is an effective strategy to increase supervisors' knowledge and awareness to support policy implementation. The lack of supervisor training and knowledge of an important but complex employee benefit exposes a serious impediment to effective policy implementation and may lead to negative outcomes for the organization and the employee, supporting the Ryan-Kossek model. The results further demonstrate that long-time employees need supplementary training on complex workplace policies such as FMLA.

Laharnar, Naima; Glass, Nancy; Perrin, Nancy; Hanson, Ginger; Kent Anger, W.

2013-01-01

416

Innovative PracticesA New Perspective on Training: Competence-Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamic nature of the field of early childhood special education with the implementation of P.L. 99-457 demands that personnel-preparation trainers rethink approaches to training. This paper will describe a flexible graduate training program that builds competence for professionals to work with young children, aged birth to five, with special needs and their families. This competence-based training program is flexibly

TESS BENNETT; ALMA L. WATSON

1993-01-01

417

The role of schools’ perceived human resource policies in teachers’ professional development activities: a comparative study of innovations toward competence-based education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The change toward competence-based education has implications for teachers as well as school management. This study investigates\\u000a which professional development activities teachers undertake related to this change and how these activities differ among\\u000a schools with various human resource (HR) policies. Two types of HR policy were involved: (1) a government-enforced, national\\u000a system of Integrated Personnel Management and (2) a voluntary,

Audrey Seezink; Rob Poell

2011-01-01

418

Differential Effectiveness of Behavioral Parent-Training and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Antisocial Youth: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Extended the findings from previous meta-analytic work by comparing the effectiveness of behavioral parent-training (BPT) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for youth with antisocial behavior problems. Youth demographic variables were also examined as potential moderators of the effectiveness of these 2 types of interventions. Thirty BPT…

McCart, Michael R.; Priester, Paul E.; Davies, W. Hobard; Azen, Razia

2006-01-01

419

Training and Dissemination of Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Depression in Adults: A Preliminary Examination of Therapist Competence and Client Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: In this study, the authors examined the feasibility and effectiveness of training community therapists to deliver cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for depression. Method: Participants were therapists (n = 12) and clients (n = 116; mean age = 41 years, 63% women) presenting for treatment of depression at a not-for-profit and designated…

Simons, Anne D.; Padesky, Christine A.; Montemarano, Jeremy; Lewis, Cara C.; Murakami, Jessica; Lamb, Kristen; DeVinney, Sharon; Reid, Mark; Smith, David A.; Beck, Aaron T.

2010-01-01

420

Sleep and Predicted Cognitive Performance of New Cadets during Cadet Basic Training at the United States Military Academy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The amount of sleep being received per day among New Cadets at West Point during Cadet Basic Training (CBT) was investigated. Sleep was measured using actigraphy on a stratified sample of 80 New Cadets. The results indicated that New Cadets slept an avera...

D. B. Miller

2005-01-01

421

Controlled Comparison of Family Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Psychoeducation/Relaxation Training for Child Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To examine the efficacy of exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) plus a structured family intervention (FCBT) versus psychoeducation plus relaxation training (PRT) for reducing symptom severity, functional impairment, and family accommodation in youths with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Method: A total of 71…

Piacentini, John; Bergman, R. Lindsey; Chang, Susanna; Langley, Audra; Peris, Tara; Wood, Jeffrey J.; McCracken, James

2011-01-01

422

Summary of Mode Deactivation Therapy, Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Social Skills Training with Two Year Post Treatment Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study summarized two treatment research studies and included recidivism data for two years post discharge for group therapy. The study compared Mode deactivation Therapy (MDT), Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), and Social Skills training (SST), results of the MDT series of studies and the two year post-study recidivism data. The data from the…

Apsche, Jack A.; Bass, Christopher K.; Siv, Alexander M.

2006-01-01

423

Training-associated changes and stability of attention bias in youth: Implications for Attention Bias Modification Treatment for pediatric anxiety.  

PubMed

Attention Bias Modification Treatment (ABMT), an emerging treatment for anxiety disorders, is thought to modify underlying, stable patterns of attention. Therefore, ABMT research should take into account the impact of attention bias stability on attention training response, especially in pediatric populations. ABMT research typically relies on the dot-probe task, where individuals detect a probe following an emotional-neutral stimulus pair. The current research presents two dot-probe experiments relevant to ABMT and attention-bias stability. In Experiment 1, anxious youth receiving 8-weeks of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) were randomly assigned to ABMT that trains attention towards happy faces (n=18) or placebo (n=18). Two additional comparison groups, anxious youth receiving only CBT (n=17) and healthy comparison youth (n=16), were studied. Active attention training towards happy faces did not augment clinician-rated response to CBT; however, individuals receiving training exhibited reductions on self-report measures of anxiety earlier than individuals receiving CBT only. In Experiment 2, healthy youth (n=12) completed a dot-probe task twice while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging. Intra-class correlation demonstrated stability of neural activation in response to attention bias in the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and amygdala. Together, these two studies investigate the ways in which attention-bias stability may impact future work on ABMT. PMID:23200784

Britton, Jennifer C; Bar-Haim, Yair; Clementi, Michelle A; Sankin, Lindsey S; Chen, Gang; Shechner, Tomer; Norcross, Maxine A; Spiro, Carolyn N; Lindstrom, Kara M; Pine, Daniel S

2012-11-10

424

Toward competency-based curricula in patient-centered spiritual care: recommended competencies for family medicine resident education.  

PubMed

Spiritual care is increasingly recognized as an important component of medical care. Although many primary care residency programs incorporate spiritual care into their curricula, there are currently no consensus guidelines regarding core competencies necessary for primary care training. In 2006, the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine's Interest Group on Spirituality undertook a three-year initiative to address this need. The project leader assembled a diverse panel of eight educators with dual expertise in (1) spirituality and health and (2) family medicine. The multidisciplinary panel members represented different geographic regions and diverse faith traditions and were nationally recognized senior faculty. They underwent three rounds of a modified Delphi technique to achieve initial consensus regarding spiritual care competencies (SCCs) tailored for family medicine residency training, followed by an iterative process of external validation, feedback, and consensus modifications of the SCCs. Panel members identified six knowledge, nine skills, and four attitude core SCCs for use in training and linked these to competencies of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. They identified three global competencies for use in promotion and graduation criteria. Defining core competencies in spiritual care clarifies training goals and provides the basis for robust curricula evaluation. Given the breadth of family medicine, these competencies may be adaptable to other primary care fields, to medical and surgical specialties, and to medical student education. Effective training in this area may enhance physicians' ability to attend to the physical, mental, and spiritual needs of patients and better maintain sustainable healing relationships. PMID:20978428

Anandarajah, Gowri; Craigie, Frederic; Hatch, Robert; Kliewer, Stephen; Marchand, Lucille; King, Dana; Hobbs, Richard; Daaleman, Timothy P

2010-12-01

425

Training Habilitators of the Retarded: Project T.H.O.R.; A Viable Alternative to Traditional Courses for Pre-Service Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project THOR (Training Habilitators of the Retarded), a noncategorical competency based teacher training program, is described. The program is said to be developmentally oriented with emphasis on similarities as well as differences among children with labels. The inclusion of a series of vocational education modules into the program is described.…

Feden, Preston D.

426

Developing a Comprehensive and Articulated Nuclear Training Curriculum--The Westinghouse Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After conducting a comprehensive evaluation of its curriculum, staff at the Westinghouse Nuclear Training Center in Zion, Illinois, undertook a research and development project aimed at upgrading the center's curriculum to the competency-based format. Included among the main activities of the curriculum development process were the following:…

Widen, William C.

427

Core competencies: A systems approach for training and organizational development in extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present a rationale for developing core competencies for training and organizational development in extension. Core competencies are defined as “the basic knowledge, attitudes, skills, and observable behaviors that lead to excellence in the workplace.” Competency-based models can be used to create an infrastructure that promotes innovation and continuous learning in every dimension of an extension organization. Competency models

Richard T. Liles; R. David Mustian

2004-01-01

428

ABE/Pre-Vocational Skills Program. A Teacher's Guide and Curriculum for Pre-Clerical Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual is designed for teacher use for a 10-week course to prepare chronically unemployed adults to enter traditional clerical courses or job training programs offered by temporary-employment-agencies. The competency-based curriculum provides adults with basic skills in grammar, usage, reading, writing, listening, mathematics, keyboarding,…

Johnson, Brenda J.

429

Altering the Athletic Training Curriculum: A Unique Perspective on Learning over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The cohort athletic training curriculum features a competency-based approach that allows the student to matriculate through the program in a systematic fashion. This method is desired as it allows for efficient delivery and mastery of the educational content and associated clinical skills. The result may be an inflexible curriculum that…

Potteiger, Kelly; Brown, Christopher David; Kahanov, Leamor

2012-01-01

430

Development of Training Manuals for Interviewing and Public Speaking at St. Louis Community College, Meramec.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the development of training manuals for interviewing and public speaking, topics covered in the Oral Communication course at St. Louis Community College at Meramec (Missouri). There are four major research questions posed: (1) what literature yields regarding the competency-based module, and its use in developing learning…

Grupas, Angela

431

ABE/Pre-Vocational Skills Program. A Teacher's Guide and Curriculum for Pre-Clerical Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed for teacher use for a 10-week course to prepare chronically unemployed adults to enter traditional clerical courses or job training programs offered by temporary-employment-agencies. The competency-based curriculum provides adults with basic skills in grammar, usage, reading, writing, listening, mathematics, keyboarding,…

Johnson, Brenda J.

432

A formative evaluation of a competency-based faculty development program for clinical faculty in an ambulatory setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in medical practice over the past 20 years, have affected the way that medical students and residents are trained. There are many implications of these changes for the development of clinical faculty. Faculty developers must meet three challenges: (a) respond to the current needs of faculty and their departments, (b) incorporate industry trends and discipline standards, and (c) anticipate

Lucia Diane Moorman

2002-01-01

433

Evaluating Continuous Assessment Quality in Competence-Based Education Online: The Case of the E-Folio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universidade Aberta (UAb), being a distance teaching university, is particularly suited to tackle some of the recommendations concerning the assurance of accessibility to education expressed in the "Education and Training 2010" goals. Meanwhile, the University's strategic plan for 2006/2010 decided to implement a fully virtual innovative teaching…

Pereira, Alda; Oliveira, Isolina; Tinoca, Luis; Amante, Lucia; Relvas, Maria de Jesus; Pinto, Maria do Carmo Teixeira; Moreira, Darlinda

2009-01-01

434

Settling In. A Competency-Based Curriculum for U.S. Cultural Orientation. A Teacher's Handbook 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is intended to assist teachers involved in helping Southeast Asian refugees with little or no formal education to gain an understanding of U.S. culture. The guide is divided into the following four parts: an introduction describing the refugee training program that led to the development of the handbook, seven units of core…

Shapiro, Toni, Comp.; Ligon, Fred, Ed.

435

One-Year Follow-up of Family versus Child CBT for Anxiety Disorders: Exploring the Rolesof Child Age and Parental Intrusiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To compare the relative long-term benefit of family-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (FCBT) and child-focused cognitive\\u000a behavioral therapy (CCBT) for child anxiety disorders at a 1-year follow-up. Method Thirty-five children (6–3 years old) randomly assigned to 12–16 sessions of family-focused CBT (FCBT) or child-focused CBT\\u000a (CCBT) participated in a 1-year follow-up assessment. Independent evaluators, parents, and children rated anxiety and parental

Jeffrey J. Wood; Bryce D. McLeod; John C. Piacentini; Marian Sigman

2009-01-01

436

A software model for simulation in computer-based training  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores the requirements for Simulation-Based Training (SBT) and describes the Los Alamos model for an SBT authoring system. Although the use of simulation as an instructional strategy provides realistic training opportunities at high cognitive levels (e.g., evaluation, synthesis, analysis), it is at the expense of complexity beyond the capabilities of available authoring systems to create. Cognitive Systems Engineering (CSE) at Los Alamos is exploring a middle ground between conventional CBT and complex simulations. The CSE model proposes the separation of simulation and courseware as the key to successful SBT development. 1 ref., 2 figs.

Spangenberg, L.M.; Nonno, L.M.; De Vries, J.A. II

1988-01-01

437

Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT) for Panic Disorder: Relationship of Anxiety and Depression Comorbidity with Treatment Outcome  

PubMed Central

Research evaluating the relationship of comorbidity to treatment outcome for panic disorder has produced mixed results. The current study examined the relationship of comorbid depression and anxiety to treatment outcome in a large-scale, multi-site clinical trial for cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for panic disorder. Comorbidity was associated with more severe panic disorder symptoms, although comorbid diagnoses were not associated with treatment response. Comorbid generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) were not associated with differential improvement on a measure of panic disorder severity, although only rates of comorbid GAD were significantly lower at posttreatment. Treatment responders showed greater reductions on measures of anxiety and depressive symptoms. These data suggest that comorbid anxiety and depression are not an impediment to treatment response, and successful treatment of panic disorder is associated with reductions of comorbid anxiety and depressive symptoms. Implications for treatment specificity and conceptual understandings of comorbidity are discussed.

White, Kamila S.; Barlow, David H.; Shear, M. Katherine; Gorman, Jack M.; Woods, Scott W.

2009-01-01

438

To Automate Or Not To Automate, That Is the Question: A Research Framework for the Integration of Computer-Based Training in IS Curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to highly publicized school rankings, an increased number of corporate universities, and the proliferation of distance learning options, IS educators are under considerate pressure to improve their levels of efficiency. Automated learning systems such as Computer-Based Training (CBT) could significantly enhance the efficiency of IS education. However, many researchers and educators are skeptical of the pedagogical effectiveness of automated

WooYoung Chung

439

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adherence and Depression (CBT-AD) in HIV-Infected Injection Drug Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Depression and substance use, the most common comorbidities with HIV, are both associated with poor treatment adherence. Injection drug users comprise a substantial portion of individuals with HIV in the United States and globally. The present study tested cognitive behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) in patients…

Safren, Steven A.; O'Cleirigh, Conall M.; Bullis, Jacqueline R.; Otto, Michael W.; Stein, Michael D.; Pollack, Mark H.

2012-01-01

440

Does Maintenance CBT Contribute to Long-Term Treatment Response of Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: We examined the possibility that maintenance cognitive behavior therapy (M-CBT) may improve the likelihood of sustained improvement and reduced relapse in a multi-site randomized controlled clinical trial of patients who met criteria for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Method: Participants were all patients (N = 379) who…

White, Kamila S.; Payne, Laura A.; Gorman, Jack M.; Shear, M. Katherine; Woods, Scott W.; Saksa, John R.; Barlow, David H.

2013-01-01

441

Psychological Treatment for Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia: A Randomized Controlled Trial to Examine the Role of Therapist-Guided Exposure in situ in CBT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a first-line treatment for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PD/AG). Nevertheless, an understanding of its mechanisms and particularly the role of therapist-guided exposure is lacking. This study was aimed to evaluate whether therapist-guided exposure in situ is associated with more pervasive and…

Gloster, Andrew T.; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Einsle, Franziska; Lang, Thomas; Helbig-Lang, Sylvia; Fydrich, Thomas; Fehm, Lydia; Hamm, Alfons O.; Richter, Jan; Alpers, George W.; Gerlach, Alexander L.; Strohle, Andreas; Kircher, Tilo; Deckert, Jurgen; Zwanzger, Peter; Hofler, Michael; Arolt, Volker

2011-01-01

442

Psychological Treatment for Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia: A Randomized Controlled Trial to Examine the Role of Therapist-Guided Exposure in situ in CBT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a first-line treatment for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PD/AG). Nevertheless, an understanding of its mechanisms and particularly the role of therapist-guided exposure is lacking. This study was aimed to evaluate whether therapist-guided exposure in situ is associated with more pervasive and…

Gloster, Andrew T.; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Einsle, Franziska; Lang, Thomas; Helbig-Lang, Sylvia; Fydrich, Thomas; Fehm, Lydia; Hamm, Alfons O.; Richter, Jan; Alpers, George W.; Gerlach, Alexander L.; Strohle, Andreas; Kircher, Tilo; Deckert, Jurgen; Zwanzger, Peter; Hofler, Michael; Arolt, Volker

2011-01-01

443

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adherence and Depression (CBT-AD) in HIV-Infected Injection Drug Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Depression and substance use, the most common comorbidities with HIV, are both associated with poor treatment adherence. Injection drug users comprise a substantial portion of individuals with HIV in the United States and globally. The present study tested cognitive behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) in patients with HIV and depression in active substance abuse treatment for injection

Steven A. Safren; Conall M. OCleirigh; Jacqueline R. Bullis; Michael W. Otto; Michael D. Stein; Mark H. Pollack

2012-01-01

444

A Randomized Trial Comparing Two Models of Web-Based Training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Substance Abuse Counselors  

PubMed Central

This study compared training outcomes obtained by 147 substance abuse counselors who completed 8 self-paced online modules on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and attended a series of four weekly group supervision sessions using web conferencing software. Participants were randomly assigned to two conditions that systematically varied the degree to which they explicitly promoted adherence to the CBT protocol, and the degree of control that they afforded participants over the sequence and relative emphasis of the training curriculum. Outcomes were assessed at baseline and immediately following training. Counselors in both conditions demonstrated similar improvements in CBT knowledge and self-efficacy. Counselors in the low-fidelity condition demonstrated greater improvement on one of three measures of job-related burnout when compared to the high-fidelity condition. The study concludes that it is feasible to implement a technology-based training intervention with a geographically diverse sample of practitioners, that two training conditions applied to these samples of real-world counselors do not produce statistically or clinically significant differences in knowledge or self-efficacy, and that further research is needed to evaluate how a flexible training model may influence clinician behavior and patient outcomes.

Weingardt, Kenneth R.; Cucciare, Michael A.; Bellotti, Christine; Lai, Wen-Pin

2009-01-01

445

Development of Computer-Based Training to Enhance Resident Physician Management of Inpatient Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Background Treating hyperglycemia promotes better outcomes among inpatients. Knowledge deficits about management of inpatient diabetes are prevalent among resident physicians, which may affect the care of a substantial number of these patients. Methods A computer-based training (CBT) curriculum on inpatient diabetes and hyperglycemia was developed and implemented for use by resident physicians and focuses on several aspects of the management of inpatient diabetes and hyperglycemia: (1) review of importance of inpatient glucose control, (2) overview of institution-specific data, (3) triaging and initial admission actions for diabetes or hyperglycemia, (4) overview of pharmacologic management, (5) insulin-dosing calculations and ordering simulations, (6) review of existing policies and procedures, and (7) discharge planning. The curriculum was first provided as a series of lectures, then formatted and placed on the institutional intranet as a CBT program. Results Residents began using the inpatient CBT in September 2008. By August 2009, a total of 29 residents had participated in CBT: 8 in family medicine, 12 in internal medicine, and 9 in general surgery. Most of the 29 residents confirmed that module content met stated objectives, considered the information valuable to their inpatient practices, and believed that the quality of the online modules met expectations. The majority reported that the modules took just the right amount of time to complete (typically 30 min each). Conclusions Improvement in inpatient diabetes care requires continuous educational efforts. The CBT format and curriculum content were well accepted by the resident physicians. Ongoing assessment must determine whether resident practice patterns are influenced by such training.

Cook, Curtiss B.; Wilson, Rebecca D.; Hovan, Michael J.; Hull, Bryan P.; Gray, Richard J.; Apsey, Heidi A.

2009-01-01

446

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adherence and Depression (CBT-AD) in HIV-infected Injection Drug Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective Depression and substance use, the most common comorbidities with HIV, are both associated with poor treatment adherence. Injection drug users comprise a substantial portion of individuals with HIV in the U.S. and globally. The present study tested cognitive-behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) in patients with HIV and depression in active substance abuse treatment for injection drug use. Method This is a two-arm, randomized controlled trial (N = 89) comparing CBT-AD to enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU). Analyses were conducted for two time-frames: 1) baseline to post-treatment 2) post-treatment to follow-up at 3- and 6-months after intervention discontinuation. Results At post-treatment, the CBT-AD condition showed significantly greater improvement than ETAU in MEMS (electronic pill cap) based adherence (?slope = 0.8873, t (86) = 2.38, p = .02; dGMA-raw = .64), and depression, assessed by blinded assessor [Mongomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (F(1,79) = 6.52, p<.01); d = .55)] and clinical global impression [(F(1,79) = 14.77, p<.001; d = .85)]. After treatment discontinuation, depression gains were maintained, though adherence gains were not. Viral load did not differ across condition, however, the CBT-AD condition had significant improvements in CD4 cell counts over time compared to ETAU (?slope= 2.09, t (76) = 2.20, p = .03; dGMA-raw = .60). Conclusions In patients managing multiple challenges including HIV, depression, substance dependence, and adherence, CBT-AD is a useful way to integrate treatment of depression with an adherence intervention. Continued adherence counseling is likely needed, however, to maintain or augment adherence gains in this population.

Safren, Steven A.; O'Cleirigh, Conall M.; Bullis, Jacqueline R.; Otto, Michael W.; Stein, Michael D.; Pollack, Mark H.

2012-01-01

447

Business Education and Training: A Value-Laden Process. Volume III: Instilling Values in the Educational Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume contains 21 papers that explore value conflicts in all professions: "Ethics and the Development of Work: The Central Maintenance Computer Case" (Harry Hummels); "Too Many Cooks Spoil the Stew--Ethical Preparation of Interdisciplinary Professionals" (Vincent F. Maher); "Value Conflict in 'Competence-Based' Training Incentives" (John…

Natale, Samuel M., Ed.; Fenton, Mark B., Ed.

448

Business Education and Training: A Value-Laden Process. Volume III: Instilling Values in the Educational Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains 21 papers that explore value conflicts in all professions: "Ethics and the Development of Work: The Central Maintenance Computer Case" (Harry Hummels); "Too Many Cooks Spoil the Stew--Ethical Preparation of Interdisciplinary Professionals" (Vincent F. Maher); "Value Conflict in 'Competence-Based' Training Incentives" (John…

Natale, Samuel M., Ed.; Fenton, Mark B., Ed.

449

Physicians as Managers of Health Care Delivery and the Implications for Postgraduate Medical Training: A Literature Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: As increasing demands on health care services are posing new challenges to practicing physicians worldwide, physicians have to extend existing and develop new competencies in various domains of their profession. Management and leadership is one of these domains, and relevant competencies have been incorporated in many new competency-based (postgraduate) training programs. Among trainee physicians and clinical educators, however, good

Jamiu O. Busari; Lizanne Berkenbosch; Judith W. Brouns

2011-01-01

450

Using competence-based and project-related approaches to support students individually - An engineering science experience report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent education of engineers, using the example of satellite geodesy at the Geodetic Institute of the University Karlsruhe (Germany), is still suffering from time pressure as well as from heavy curriculum content loading. Within this education field, where the academic teachers have to fulfill high requests from the new generation of students as well as from industry and from research institutions respectively, advanced satellite geodetic knowledge has to be transferred effectively and sustainably. In order to enable the students to train newest aspects related to satellite geodesy as well as important key competences, e.g. capacity for independent and academic work, reflection and evaluation skills, presentation skills, an innovative teaching concept was developed, tested, and evaluated. This teaching concept makes use of very different teaching techniques like portfolio assignment, project work, input from experts, jig saw, advance and post organizer. The concept will be presented and discussed in detail.

Mayer, M.

2009-04-01

451

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Depression Versus Relaxation Training for Alcohol-Dependent Individuals With Elevated Depressive Symptoms*  

PubMed Central

Objective: A previous pilot study found positive outcomes among alcohol-dependent individuals with elevated depressive symptoms who received cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression (CBT-D; n = 19) compared with a relaxation training control (RTC; n = 16). The current study represents a replication of this pilot study using a larger sample size and a longer follow-up assessment period. Method: Patients entering a partial hospital drug and alcohol treatment program who met criteria for alcohol dependence and elevated depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory score ? 15) were recruited and randomly assigned to receive eight individual sessions of CBT-D (n = 81) or RTC (n = 84). Results: There were significant improvements in depressive and alcohol use outcomes over time for all participants. Compared with RTC, the CBT-D condition had significantly lower levels of depressive symptoms, as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory, at the 6-week follow-up. However, this effect was inconsistent because there were no differences in the Modified Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression between conditions at that time point and there were no significant differences at any other follow-up. No significant between-group differences on alcohol use outcomes were found. Conclusions: The current findings did not replicate the positive outcomes observed in the CBT-D condition in our previous pilot study. Possible explanations for why these findings were not replicated are discussed, as are theoretical and clinical implications of using CBT-D in alcohol treatment.

Brown, Richard A.; Ramsey, Susan E.; Kahler, Christopher W.; Monti, Peter M.; Abrams, David; Dubreuil, Maryella; Gordon, Alan; Miller, Ivan W.

2011-01-01

452

Combining imagination and reason in the treatment of depression: A randomized controlled trial of internet-based cognitive-bias modification and internet-CBT for depression.  

PubMed

Objective: Computerized cognitive-bias modification (CBM) protocols are rapidly evolving in experimental medicine yet might best be combined with Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT). No research to date has evaluated the combined approach in depression. The current randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate both the independent effects of a CBM protocol targeting imagery and interpretation bias (CBM-I) and the combined effects of CBM-I followed by iCBT. Method: Patients diagnosed with a major depressive episode were randomized to an 11-week intervention (1 week/CBM-I + 10 weeks/iCBT; n = 38) that was delivered via the Internet with no face-to-face patient contact or to a wait-list control (WLC; n = 31). Results: Intent-to-treat marginal models using restricted maximum likelihood estimation demonstrated significant reductions in primary measures of depressive symptoms and distress corresponding to medium-large effect sizes (Cohen's d = 0.62-2.40) following CBM-I and the combined (CBM-I + iCBT) intervention. Analyses demonstrated that the change in interpretation bias at least partially mediated the reduction in depression symptoms following CBM-I. Treatment superiority over the WLC was also evident on all outcome measures at both time points (Hedges gs = .59-.98). Significant reductions were also observed following the combined intervention on secondary measures associated with depression: disability, anxiety, and repetitive negative thinking (Cohen's d = 1.51-2.23). Twenty-seven percent of patients evidenced clinically significant change following CBM-I, and this proportion increased to 65% following the combined intervention. Conclusions: The current study provides encouraging results of the integration of Internet-based technologies into an efficacious and acceptable form of treatment delivery. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23750459

Williams, Alishia D; Blackwell, Simon E; Mackenzie, Anna; Holmes, Emily A; Andrews, Gavin

2013-06-10

453

The efficacy of attendance and semi-attendance group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on the anxiety disorders of adolescent girls  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are one of the most psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents that can cause long life functional disability. The first line treatment for this disorder is cognitive behavioral therapy that has primary, secondary and tertiary preventive effect, but is expensive and long time. Today there is some effort to find short term, group, semi-attendance and low cost therapies. METHODS: Subjects were 42 girls (12- 17 y) with at least one anxiety disorder according to DSM-IV-TR with their parents who were divided into two groups randomly: group A which participated in 8 sessions and group B which participated in 4 sessions and the contents of sessions 3, 4, 6, and 7 were recorded on a CD for them. The tests used in this study were: SCARED, CATS, CAIS-C, CAIS-P, conducted before (T0), just after (T1) and three months after the treatment (T2). The collected data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance test using SPSS software package, version 15.0. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between efficacy of semi-attendance group CBT and attendance group CBT in T0, T1 and T2 according to 4 tests (p = 0.311). The difference between the scores of these tests between T0 andT1 and T0 and T2 was significant in both groups (p < 0.001) but the difference between T1 and T2 was not significant. (p = 0.771). CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of semi-attendance group CBT and attendance group CBT is similar and would sustain after 3 months.

Karbasi, Afsaneh; Arman, Soroor; Maracy, Mohamad Reza

2010-01-01

454

Inhibition of P-glycoprotein (ABCB1)- and multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (ABCC1)-mediated transport by the orally administered inhibitor, CBT-1 ®  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cellular expression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport proteins, such as P-glycoprotein (Pgp), multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1), or ABCG2, is known to confer a drug-resistant phenotype. Thus, the development of effective transporter inhibitors could be of value to cancer treatment. CBT-1® is a bisbenzylisoquinoline plant alkyloid currently in development as a Pgp inhibitor. We characterized its interactions with the three major

Robert W. Robey; Suneet Shukla; Elizabeth M. Finley; Robert K. Oldham; Daryl Barnett; Suresh V. Ambudkar; Tito Fojo; Susan E. Bates

2008-01-01

455

Training and Consultation to Promote Implementation of an Empirically Supported Treatment: A Randomized Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective The study evaluated the efficacy of three training modalities and the impact of ongoing consultation after training. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety among youths, an empirically supported treatment, was used as the exemplar. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three one-day workshops to examine the efficacy of training modality: routine training (training as usual), computer training (computerized version of training as usual), and augmented training (training that emphasized active learning). After training, all participants received three months of ongoing consultation that included case consultation, didactics, and problem solving. Methods Participants were 115 community therapists (mean age of 35.9 years; 90% were women). Outcome measures included the Adherence and Skill Checklist, used to rate a performance-based role-play; a knowledge test; and the Training Satisfaction Rating Scale. Results All three training modalities resulted in limited gains in therapist adherence, skill, and knowledge. There was no significant effect of modality on adherence, skill, or knowledge from pretraining to posttraining. Participants were more satisfied with augmented and routine training than with computer training. Most important, number of consultation hours after training significantly predicted higher therapist adherence and skill at the three-month follow-up. Conclusions The findings suggest that training alone did not result in therapist behavior change. The inclusion of ongoing consultation was critical to influencing therapist adherence and skill. Implications for implementation science and mental health services research are discussed.

Beidas, Rinad S.; Edmunds, Julie M.; Marcus, Steven C.; Kendall, Philip C.

2012-01-01

456

Inservice Training for Related Service Personnel Serving Medically Fragile Children Ages 0-8. The Medically Fragile Inservice for Related Services Teams Project (M-FIRST). Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Medically Fragile Inservice for Related Services Teams (M-FIRST) project developed, evaluated, and disseminated model inservice practices centering on the provision of competency-based training to school and community personnel working with young medically fragile children in school settings. The M-FIRST goals focused on developing an…

Smith, Gerald M.; And Others

457

Bacterial GDGTs in Holocene sediments and catchment soils of a high-alpine lake: application of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel proxy for continental mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and soil-pH, the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer, is based on the temperature (T) and pH-dependent distribution of specific bacterial membrane lipids (branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers - GDGTs) in soil organic matter. Here, we tested the applicability of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer to sediments from Lake Cadagno, a small high-alpine lake in southern Switzerland with a small catchment of 2.4 km2. We analysed the distribution of bacterial GDGTs in catchment soils and in a radiocarbon-dated sediment core, which covers the entire Holocene. The composition of bacterial GDGTs in soils are almost identical to that in the lake's surface sediments, indicating a common origin of the lipids. Consequently, the transfer of GDGTs from the soils into the sediment record seems undisturbed, probably without any significant alteration through in situ production or early diagenesis. This could be related to the euxinic conditions of Lake Cadagno, which persisted over the entire Holocene. The MBT/CBT-inferred MAAT-estimates from soils and surface sediments are in good agreement with instrumental values for the Lake Cadagno region (~ 0.5 °C). Moreover, downcore MBT/CBT-derived MAAT-estimates match in timing and magnitude other proxy-based T-reconstructions from nearby locations for the last two millennia. Major climate anomalies recorded by the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer are, for instance, the Little Ice Age (~14th to 19th century) and the Medieval Warm Period (~10th to14th century). Together, our observations indicate a high potential to use branched GDGTs in Lake Cadagno sediments for paleo-climate reconstructions. Consistent with other T-records from both the Alps and from the subpolar NE-Atlantic, our lacustrine paleotemperature record indicates Holocene MAAT-variations with T-highs at ~1, 3, 5, 7, and 11 kyr BP. The good temporal match of the warm periods determined for the S-Alpine region with NW-European winter precipitation strength implies a strong and far-reaching influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on continental European Holocene T-variations.

Niemann, H.; Stadnitskaia, A.; Wirth, S. B.; Gilli, A.; Anselmetti, F. S.; Sinninghe Damsté, J. S.; Schouten, S.; Hopmans, E. C.; Lehmann, M. F.

2012-04-01

458

Hybrid Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Versus Relaxation Training for Co-Occurring Anxiety and Alcohol Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective Treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD) is far less effective for those with a co-occurring anxiety disorder. Surprisingly, adding an independent anxiety treatment to AUD treatment does not substantially improve the poor alcohol outcomes of these patients. This may reflect the lack of attention from independent treatments to the dynamic interaction of anxiety symptoms with alcohol use and drinking motivation. On the basis of this view, we assembled a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program designed to both reduce anxiety symptoms and weaken the links between the experience of anxiety and the motivation to drink. Method 344 patients undergoing residential AUD treatment with current social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, or panic disorder were randomly assigned to receive either the CBT or an active comparison treatment, Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training (PMRT). Assessments took place immediately following treatment and 4 months later (n = 247). Results As predicted, the CBT group demonstrated significantly better alcohol outcomes 4 months following treatment than did the PMRT group. Although both groups experienced a substantial degree of anxiety reduction following treatment, there were no significant group differences immediately after treatment and only a slight advantage for the CBT group 4 months after treatment. Conclusions These findings suggest that specific interventions aimed at weakening the association between the experience of anxiety and drinking motivation play an important role in improving the alcohol outcomes of these difficult-to-treat patients beyond that of anxiety reduction alone.

Kushner, Matt G.; Maurer, Eric W.; Thuras, Paul; Donahue, Chris; Frye, Brenda; Menary, Kyle R.; Hobbs, Jennifer; Haeny, Angela M.; Demark, Joani Van

2013-01-01

459

Appliance Repairer. D.O.T. 637.261-018, 723.381-010, 827.261-010. Competency-Based Education. Instructor's Manual. Instructor's Package (Task Assignment Sheets APR-001 through APR-070). Student Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This package contains both an instructor's manual and student materials for a course in appliance repair. The instructor's manual is designed to aid the instructor in the use of the Kentucky Appliance Repairer Competency Based Task Assignment System. Following a description of the field and a list of 77 references, the instructor's manual is…

Murray State Univ., KY.

460

HOW TO IDENTIFY AND ANALYSE PROBLEMS IN GLOBAL SERVICE SUPPLY CHAINS? - CONCEPT OF A COMPETENCE-BASED TOOL FOR THE LOGISTICS CONTROLLING IN INTERNATIONAL NETWORK STRUCTURES OF THE SERVICE SECTOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main contribution of this paper is to show a competence-based tool for the identification and analysis of problems in Global Service Supply Chains (GSSC). For GSSC-Management it is required to systematically identify and analyse logistic service problems occurring in its international network structures. For this reason, a comprehensive concept has been developed based on a sophisticated methodology, which will

Jörn Grapp; Michael Hülsmann

461

Emergency preparedness: addressing a residency training gap.  

PubMed

As the importance of physician involvement and leadership in crisis preparedness is recognized, the literature suggests that few physicians are adequately trained to practice effectively in a large-scale crisis situation. A logical method for addressing the emergency preparedness training deficiency identified across several medical specialties is to include disaster and emergency preparedness training in residency curricula. In this article, the authors outline the development and implementation of an emergency preparedness curriculum for the Johns Hopkins General Preventive Medicine Residency (JHGPMR) from 2004 to 2006. The curriculum consists of two components. The first was developed for the academic year in the JHGPMR and includes didactic lectures, practical exercises to apply new knowledge, and an opportunity to integrate the knowledge and skills in a real-world exercise. The second, developed for the practicum year of the residency, includes Web-based lectures and online content and culminates in a tabletop preparedness exercise. Topics for both components include weapons of mass destruction, risk communication and personal preparedness, aspects of local emergency response planning, and mental health and psychological aspects of terrorism. On the basis of the emergency preparedness training gap that has been identified in the literature, and the success of the three-year experience in implementing a preparedness training curriculum in the JHGPMR, the authors recommend incorporation of competency-based emergency preparedness training for residencies of all specialties, and offer insights into how the described curriculum could be adapted for use in other residency settings. PMID:18316882

Uddin, Sayeedha Ghori; Barnett, Daniel J; Parker, Cindy L; Links, Jonathan M; Alexander, Miriam

2008-03-01

462

A Computer-based Training Intervention for Work Supervisors to Respond to Intimate Partner Violence  

PubMed Central

Objectives Intimate partner violence (IPV), commonly known as domestic violence is a problem throughout the world. An estimated 36% to 75% of employed abused woman are monitored, harassed and physically assaulted by their partners or ex-partners while trying to get to work and while at work. The objective of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of interactive training to increase knowledge, change perceptions and develop an intention to address domestic violence that spills over into the workplace. Methods Community-based participatory research approaches were employed to develop and evaluate an interactive computer-based training (CBT) intervention, aimed to teach supervisors how to create supportive and safe workplaces for victims of IPV. Results The CBT intervention was administered to 53 supervisors. All participants reacted positively to the training, and there was a significant improvement in knowledge between pre- and post-training test performance (72% versus 96% correct), effect size (d) = 3.56. Feedback from focus groups was more productive than written feedback solicited from the same participants at the end of the training. Conclusion Effective training on the impacts of IPV can improve knowledge, achieving a large effect size, and produce changes in perspective about domestic violence and motivation to address domestic violence in the workplace, based on questionnaire responses.

Glass, Nancy; Bloom, Tina; Perrin, Nancy

2010-01-01

463

Competency mapping and analysis for public health preparedness training initiatives.  

PubMed

Competency-based education and assessment initiatives have been completed in a number of health care and health management professions during the past decade. In addition, several competency specification endeavors have been similarly undertaken in relation to the field of public health, including the development of the Council on Linkages between Academia and Public Health Practice competency model and the initial competency modeling Delphi survey completed by the Association of Schools of Public Health. All of these organizations have subsequently had to address the many challenges and barriers to the dissemination and integration of their models into specific educational and professional development practices. As previously addressed by many researchers in the field of competency modeling and deployment, understanding and acceptance of competency-based systems are formidable goals, often rife with controversy. This article describes the processes undertaken by The University of Michigan Center for Public Health Preparedness to integrate competency-based learning and assessment in educational and training initiatives with its many community partners. PMID:16025713

Calhoun, Judith G; Rowney, Rosemarie; Eng, Emilie; Hoffman, Yael

2005-01-01

464

CBT-1 Letter  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... Public Health Service ... MSPAS, PA-C Regulatory Review Officer Office of Prescription Drug Promotion {See appended electronic signature page ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

465

Competency-Based Curriculum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pierre Indian Learning Center is a residential Bureau of Indian Affairs grant school that serves Indian children in Grades 1-8 from 15 tribes in South Dakota, North Dakota, and Nebraska. Recently, the average enrollment of the school has been 165 students, referred by social service agencies or courts because of various family, social, learning,…

Jeanotte, Darrell F.

466

Improving the future of surgical training and education: consensus recommendations from the Association of Surgeons in Training.  

PubMed

In the past decade surgical training in the United Kingdom (UK) has seen radical overhaul with the introduction of formal training curricula, competency based assessment, and a new Core Surgical Training programme. Despite this, and in common with many other countries, numerous threats remain to sustaining high-quality surgical training and education in the modern working environment. These include service delivery pressures and the reduction in working hours. There are numerous areas for potential improvement and dissemination of best training practice, from incentivising training within the National Health Service (NHS) through top-down government initiatives, to individualised information and feedback for trainees at the front-line. This document sets out the current structure of surgical training in the UK, and describes the contribution to the current debate by the Association of Surgeons in Training. Highlighting areas for improvement at national, regional, local and individual levels, the Association proposes 34 action points to enhance surgical training and education. Adoption of these will ensure future practice continues to improve on, and learn from, the longstanding history of training provided under the guidance of the Royal Surgical Colleges. PMID:22449833

Fitzgerald, J E F; Giddings, C E B; Khera, G; Marron, C D

2012-03-24

467

Exploratory nondestructive evaluation (NDE) research for advanced materials and processes: Volume 3 -- Interactive multimedia computer based training (IMCBT) for nondestructive evaluation/inspection (NDE/I) personnel. Final report, 1 July 1995--30 April 1998  

SciTech Connect

Interactive Multimedia Computer Based Training (IMCBT) for Nondestructive Inspection (NDE/I) Personnel: Computer Based Training (CBT) is a highly effective method for industrial training that has been growing in popularity. Text, graphics, sound, movies and animation enhance the learning activity. Interactive Multimedia CBT (IMCBT) allows students to learn in an environment where the training material is presented on a computer workstation and uses student interaction and feedback in the learning process. This technology has been used in the aerospace industry for aircraft maintenance and flight training and is growing in many operation training areas. The cost of development of IMCBT material is significantly more expensive than traditional training material, but an hour of IMCBT material can contain more information than an hour of traditional training material since information is transferred faster and with higher retention. Because IMCBT delivers training at lower cost, the overall benefit of IMCBT has been found to be in the range of 40% to 60% cost savings. The application of IMCBT for NDE/I training did show an overwhelmingly positive acceptance of the incorporation of IMCBT for NDE/I personnel within existing training structures. A CD-ROM package called INSPECT (Interactive Student Paced Eddy Current Training) has demonstrate various advanced aspects of potential IMCBT lessons. The INSPECT CD demonstration was reviewed by Air Force and industry professionals, as well as a group of high school students to gauge novice response. The prototype was found to be appealing and to have significant potential as a useful teaching tool. A large majority of the professional reviewers stated they would like to have complete CBT modules like INSPECT for some aspect of their NDE/I training.

Bossi; Knutson, B.; Nerenberg, R.; Deobald, L.; Nelson, J.

1998-07-01

468

Application of a blended e-learning method in designing a training program for developing professional competences of university teachers: e-CBT Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the number of universities in Taiwan has grown significantly, as well as the number of teachers. The conditions for employing university teachers are based on their professional academic and practical background. Therefore, the affirmation of a university teacher's professional and academic qualifications should be supported by his relevant educational background and publications. However, there is a lack

Ling-Yu Wen; Shun-Fa Hsu; Shiu-Yu Chen; Jun-Yen Wu

2010-01-01

469

Police Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The third and fourth annual reports on law enforcement training in New Jersey ("Police Training: The Key to Professional Police Service," 1964-65 and 1965-66) review the powers, responsibilities, and duties of the Police Training Commission; law enforcement officers trained (including failures and total enrollments); hours of programed and other…

New Jersey State Dept. of Law and Public Safety, Trenton.

470

Full scale computer simulators in anesthesia training and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  With the advent of competency-based curriculum, technology such as full scale computer simulators have acquired an increasingly\\u000a important role in anesthesia both in training and evaluation. This article reviews the current role of full scale computer\\u000a simulators in teaching and evaluation in anesthesia.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Source  This review draws from existing anesthesia and medical education literature in order to examine and assess the

Anne K. Wong

2004-01-01

471

Sociocultural Learning Theory in Practice: Implications for Athletic Training Educators  

PubMed Central

Objective: To discuss cognitive and sociocultural learning theory literature related to athletic training instructional and evaluation strategies while providing support for the application of these practices in the didactic and clinical components of athletic training education programs. Data Sources: We searched Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) and Education Abstracts from 1975–2001 using the key words social cognitive, sociocultural learning theory, constructivism, and athletic training education. Current literature in the fields of educational psychology and athletic training education provides the foundation for applying theory to practice with specific emphasis on the theoretic framework and application of sociocultural learning theory strategies in athletic training education. Data Synthesis: Athletic training educators must have a strong fundamental knowledge of learning theory and a commitment to incorporate theory into educational practice. We integrate literature from both fields to generate practical strategies for using sociocultural learning theory in athletic training education. Conclusions/Recommendations: Social cognitive and sociocultural learning theory advocates a constructive, self-regulated, and goal-oriented environment with the student at the center of the educational process. Although a shift exists in athletic training education toward more active instructional strategies with the implementation of competency-based education, many educational environments are still dominated by traditional didactic instructional methods promoting student passivity. As athletic training education programs strive to increase accountability, educators in the field must critically analyze teaching and evaluation methods and integrate new material to ensure that learning is maximized.

Peer, Kimberly S.; McClendon, Ronald C.

2002-01-01

472

Sociocultural Learning Theory in Practice: Implications for Athletic Training Educators.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: To discuss cognitive and sociocultural learning theory literature related to athletic training instructional and evaluation strategies while providing support for the application of these practices in the didactic and clinical components of athletic training education programs. DATA SOURCES: We searched Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) and Education Abstracts from 1975-2001 using the key words social cognitive, sociocultural learning theory, constructivism, and athletic training education. Current literature in the fields of educational psychology and athletic training education provides the foundation for applying theory to practice with specific emphasis on the theoretic framework and application of sociocultural learning theory strategies in athletic training education. DATA SYNTHESIS: Athletic training educators must have a strong fundamental knowledge of learning theory and a commitment to incorporate theory into educational practice. We integrate literature from both fields to generate practical strategies for using sociocultural learning theory in athletic training education. CONCLUSIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS: Social cognitive and sociocultural learning theory advocates a constructive, self-regulated, and goal-oriented environment with the student at the center of the educational process. Although a shift exists in athletic training education toward more active instructional strategies with the implementation of competency-based education, many educational environments are still dominated by traditional didactic instructional methods promoting student passivity. As athletic training education programs strive to increase accountability, educators in the field must critically analyze teaching and evaluation methods and integrate new material to ensure that learning is maximized. PMID:12937534

Peer, Kimberly S; McClendon, Ronald C

2002-12-01

473

Using a Cross-Study Design to Assess the Efficacy of Motivational Enhancement Therapy-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy 5 (MET/CBT5) in Treating Adolescents with Cannabis-Related Disorders*  

PubMed Central

Objective: To evaluate how adolescents with marijuana problems who received a research-based treatment (five sessions of motivational enhancement therapy plus cognitive behavioral therapy [MET/CBT5]) in an experimental setting would have fared had they received exemplary community-based outpatient treatment. Method: Twelve-month outcomes representing six domains (substance use problems, substance use frequency, emotional problems, illegal activities, recovery, and institutionalization) were assessed for youth who received MET/CBT5 in the Cannabis Youth Treatment study and youth who received outpatient treatment from one of three community-based programs selected for evidence of efficacy. Groups were matched on pretreatment characteristics using a propensity score weighting strategy. Results: Youth who received MET/CBT5 exhibited greater reductions in substance use frequency, substance use problems, and illegal behaviors 12 months after treatment entry than had they entered the community-based outpatient programs. Results showed no evidence that youth who received MET/CBT5 would have fared better with respect to emotional problems, the likelihood of being institutionalized, or achieving a "recovery" status at 12 months had they received community-based treatments. Conclusions: The community-based treatments used in this study have not been assessed relative to "treatment as usual" but were selected as "exemplary" models of adolescent treatment. There is no evidence in this study that these exemplary programs yielded superior 12-month outcomes for the treatment of adolescents with marijuana problems; youth receiving MET/CBT5 experienced greater reductions in substance use and illegal activities. Thus, MET/CBT5 may be a promising treatment for community-based providers to adopt to treat these clients.

Ramchand, Rajeev; Griffin, Beth Ann; Suttorp, Marika; Harris, Katherine M.; Morral, Andrew

2011-01-01

474

Increasing leadership capacity for HIV\\/AIDS programmes by strengthening public health epidemiology and management training in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Increased funding for global human immunodeficiency virus prevention and control in developing countries has created both a challenge and an opportunity for achieving long-term global health goals. This paper describes a programme in Zimbabwe aimed at responding more effectively to the HIV\\/AIDS epidemic by reinforcing a critical competence-based training institution and producing public health leaders. METHODS: The programme used

Donna S Jones; Mufuta Tshimanga; Godfrey Woelk; Peter Nsubuga; Nadine L Sunderland; Shannon L Hader; Michael E St Louis

2009-01-01

475

South Carolina Area Health Education Consortium Disaster Preparedness and Response Training Network: an emerging partner in preparedness training.  

PubMed

The South Carolina Area Health Education Consortium (SC AHEC) was funded in 2003 to train healthcare professionals in disaster preparedness and response. During the 5 years of funding, its Disaster Preparedness and Response Training Network evolved from disaster awareness training to competency-based instruction and performance assessment. With funding from the assistant secretary for preparedness and response (ASPR), a project with implications for national dissemination was developed to evaluate 2 aspects of preparedness training for community-based healthcare professionals. The SC AHEC designed disaster preparedness curricula and lesson plans, using a consensus-building technique, and then (1) distributed sample curricula and resources through the national Area Health Education Center system to assess an approach for providing preparedness training and (2) delivered a standardized preparedness curriculum to key influential thought leaders from 4 states to evaluate the effectiveness and acceptability of the curriculum. As a result of this project, the SC AHEC recommends that preparedness training for community-based practitioners needs to be concise and professionally relevant. It should be integrated into existing healthcare professions education programs and continuing education offerings. The project also demonstrated that although AHECs may be interested and well suited to incorporate preparedness training as part of their mission, more work needs to be done if they are to assume a prominent role in disaster preparedness training. PMID:19202395

Kennedy, Beth; Carson, Deborah Stier; Garr, David

2009-03-01

476

Training Visions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, "Training" asks the 2011 winners to give their predictions for what training--either in general or specifically at their companies--will look like in the next five to 10 years. Perhaps their "training visions" will spark some ideas in one's organization--or at least help prepare for what might be coming in the next decade or so.

Training, 2011

2011-01-01

477

The role of recurrent CBT for increasing aviation security screeners' visual knowledge and abilities needed in x-ray screening  

Microsoft Academic Search

X-ray screeners have to know which items are prohibited and what they look like in x-ray images of passenger bags (knowledge-based factors). In addition, effective x-ray screening requires the abilities to cope with bag complexity, superposition by other objects, and rotation of objects (image-based factors). Knowledge-based factors are expected to be highly dependent on training whereas image-based factors are related

Diana Hardmeier; Franziska Hofer; Adrian Schwaninger

478

Training compliance  

SciTech Connect

Legally mandated training to effect compliance with environmental regulations came into prominence with RCRA. Training and its associated recordkeeping requirements were to be in place by May 18, 1981, but, for the most part, this deadline went unnoticed. Whether the lack of response reflected that fact that the RCRA regulations were extremely confusing or that the training requirements were not taken seriously is hard to determine. Ironically, while RCRA facilities were frequently deficient in meeting the training requirements, it was this specific aspect of the regulations that inexperienced inspectors often targeted and cited. Over the years, through a combination of citations and, more importantly, an increasing appreciation of the benefits of training, the attitude toward regulatory compliance training slowly improved. This paper reflects the attitudes of both management and the workers receiving the training.

Clarke, A.N. (AWARE, Inc., Nashville, TN (US))

1989-02-01

479

Internet administered guided self-help versus individualized e-mail therapy: A randomized trial of two versions of CBT for major depression.  

PubMed

Internet-delivered psychological treatment of major depression has been investigated in several trials, but the role of personalized treatment is less investigated. Studies suggest that guidance is important and that automated computerized programmes without therapist support are less effective. Individualized e-mail therapy for depression has not been studied in a controlled trial. Eighty-eight individuals with major depression were randomized to two different forms of Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), or to a waiting-list control group. One form of Internet treatment consisted of guided self-help, with weekly modules and homework assignments. Standard CBT components were presented and brief support was provided during the treatment. The other group received e-mail therapy, which was tailored and did not use the self-help texts i.e., all e-mails were written for the unique patient. Both treatments lasted for 8 weeks. In the guided self-help 93% completed (27/29) and in the e-mail therapy 96% (29/30) completed the posttreatment assessment. Results showed significant symptom reductions in both treatment groups with moderate to large effect sizes. At posttreatment 34.5% of the guided self-help group and 30% of the e-mail therapy group reached the criteria of high-end-state functioning (Beck Depression Inventory score below 9). At six-month follow-up the corresponding figures were 47.4% and 43.3%. Overall, the difference between guided self-help and e-mail therapy was small, but in favour of the latter. These findings indicate that both guided self-help and individualized e-mail therapy can be effective. PMID:20152960

Vernmark, Kristofer; Lenndin, Jan; Bjärehed, Jonas; Carlsson, Mattias; Karlsson, Johan; Oberg, Jörgen; Carlbring, Per; Eriksson, Thomas; Andersson, Gerhard

2010-02-02

480

The Importance of Measuring Competency-Based Outcomes: Standard Evaluation Measures Are Not Surrogates for Clinical Performance of Internal Medicine Residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite recent emphasis on educational outcomes, program directors still rely on standard evaluation techniques such as tests of knowledge and subjective ratings. Purposes: To assess the correlation of standard internal medicine (IM) residency evaluation scores (attending global evaluations, In-Training examination, and Mini-Clinical Examination Exercise) with documented performance of preventive measures for continuity clinic patients. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 132

Lisa L. Willett; Gustavo R. Heudebert; Katri P. Palonen; F. Stanford Massie; Catarina I. Kiefe; Jeroan J. Allison; Joshua Richman; Thomas K. Houston

2009-01-01

481

[Teacher Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue collects three articles concerning reading-teacher training. "Language, Failure, and Panda Bears" by Patricia M. Cunningham calls attention to dialect difficulties in the classroom and provides ideas for teacher training programs and for public schools to solve this problem. William H. Rupley, in "Improving Teacher Effectiveness in…

Palmatier, Robert A., Ed.

1977-01-01

482

Southern Ductile Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This instructor's manual contains the materials required to conduct the competency-based workplace literacy program that was developed to help employees at a foundry that has evolved from a small, family-owned business into a major foundry group with several automated production systems. The workplace literacy program consists of 24 lessons in…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

483

Southern Ductile Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual contains the materials required to conduct the competency-based workplace literacy program that was developed to help employees at a foundry that has evolved from a small, family-owned business into a major foundry group with several automated production systems. The workplace literacy program consists of 24 lessons in…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

484

Emotional and Social Mind Training: A Randomised Controlled Trial of a New Group-Based Treatment for Bulimia Nervosa  

PubMed Central

Objective There is a need to improve treatment for individuals with bulimic disorders. It was hypothesised that a focus in treatment on broader emotional and social/interpersonal issues underlying eating disorders would increase treatment efficacy. This study tested a novel treatment based on the above hypothesis, an Emotional and Social Mind Training Group (ESM), against a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Group (CBT) treatment. Method 74 participants were randomised to either ESM or CBT Group treatment programmes. All participants were offered 13 group and 4 individual sessions. The primary outcome measure was the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) Global score. Assessments were carried out at baseline, end of treatment (four months) and follow-up (six months). Results There were no differences in outcome between the two treatments. No moderators of treatment outcome were identified. Adherence rates were higher for participants in the ESM group. Discussion This suggests that ESM may be a viable alternative to CBT for some individuals. Further research will be required to identify and preferentially allocate suitable individuals accordingly. Trial Registration ISRCTN61115988

Lavender, Anna; Startup, Helen; Naumann, Ulrike; Samarawickrema, Nelum; DeJong, Hannah; Kenyon, Martha; van den Eynde, Frederique; Schmidt, Ulrike

2012-01-01

485

Training Standardization  

SciTech Connect

The article describes the benefits of and required process and recommendations for implementing the standardization of training in the nuclear power industry in the United States and abroad. Current Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) enable training standardization in the nuclear power industry. The delivery of training through the Internet, Intranet and video over IP will facilitate this standardization and bring multiple benefits to the nuclear power industry worldwide. As the amount of available qualified and experienced professionals decreases because of retirements and fewer nuclear engineering institutions, standardized training will help increase the number of available professionals in the industry. Technology will make it possible to use the experience of retired professionals who may be interested in working part-time from a remote location. Well-planned standardized training will prevent a fragmented approach among utilities, and it will save the industry considerable resources in the long run. It will also ensure cost-effective and safe nuclear power plant operation.

Agnihotri, Newal

2003-09-01

486

Implementing software for managing organizational training and development : Experiences of consulting to a large public sector organization in the State of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the barriers to the implementation of a software system for managing job task analysis and competency-based training in a large organization in the State of Kuwait. Why, in spite of many positive selling points, was this system rejected out-of-hand at an early stage? Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An action research study considers

Stephanie Jones

2009-01-01

487

Effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) manualized program for clinically anxious children: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background In the Netherlands, the prevalence of anxiety disorders is 20%; and children with anxiety are at increased risk for psychopathology throughout adulthood. Recently, a revised version of a cognitive behavioral therapy manualized program called 'Thinking + Doing = Daring' (TDD) was developed for children between 8 and 12 years old with an anxiety disorder. The main aim of this project is to conduct a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) to evaluate the effectiveness of TDD. Methods/Design The CBT program will be tested with a RCT with 120 clinically anxious children (8-12 years old) referred to one of three mental health care agencies. Children will be randomly assigned to the experimental (N = 60, TDD) or to the control condition (N = 60, treatment as usual). The primary outcome measure will be the child's anxiety symptoms level. Secondary outcome measures will be externalizing (e.g. aggression) and internalizing problems (e.g. depression). Two potential mediators of change will be examined in the current study: therapeutic alliance and parenting. Mother and child in both the experimental and control condition will be surveyed at baseline, post treatment and after 6 and 12 months (follow-up). It is hypothesized that children in the experimental condition will show a stronger decrease in anxiety symptoms compared to children that receive treatment as usual. Moreover, we expect that a strong therapeutic alliance and decreases in parental control and rejection will contribute to treatment success. Discussion Early treatment for anxiety problems has the potential to not only result in anxiety reductions, but also to prevent future problems such as substance abuse and psychopathology throughout adulthood. Our results will be immediately relevant to practice, since we are partnering with 'real world' community agencies. If the CBT program proves more effective than treatment as usual, it could be implemented in community mental health care agencies across the Netherlands and beyond. Moreover, it has the potential to make treatment in these community settings shorter, more efficient and therefore cost-effective. Trial registration: Nederlands Trial Register NTR2967

2012-01-01

488

The differential impact of training stress and final examination stress on herpesvirus latency at the United States Military Academy at West Point.  

PubMed

In this study, we searched for evidence for reactivation of three latent herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1), and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), in West Point cadets experiencing two different stressors. Blood samples were obtained from cadets before and after a 6-week training period known as "Cadet Basic Training" (CBT), at a baseline prior to final examinations, and then once again during the week of final examinations. Antibody titers to latent HSV-1, EBV, and HHV-6 were determined as a measure of the steady-state expression of latent virus. EBV virus capsid antigen (VCA) IgG antibody titers were unchanged in blood samples obtained prior to and immediately after CBT. However, EBV antibody titers were significantly higher in the blood sample obtained during examination week than in the baseline period before examination; they were also higher than antibody titers before/after CBT. None of the serum samples were positive for EBV VCA IgM antibodies, indicating that the changes in antibody titers to EBV were not associated with recent EBV infections in the class. No significant changes in antibody titers to HSV-1 or HSV-6 were found over the identical time periods, including examination week. Academic stress but not CBT modulated the steady-state expression of latent EBV, resulting in the reactivation of latent virus. The same stressors, however, did not affect the steady-state expression of latent HSV-1 or HSV-6, at least as measured by changes in antibody titers. The data provide additional evidence of the impact of different psychological stressors on the steady-state expression of latent herpesviruses. PMID:10469525

Glaser, R; Friedman, S B; Smyth, J; Ader, R; Bijur, P; Brunell, P; Cohen, N; Krilov, L R; Lifrak, S T; Stone, A; Toffler, P

1999-09-01

489

[Brachytherapy training].  

PubMed

Treatment technique training needs theoretical and practical knowledge allowing proposing the right treatment for the right patient, but also allowing performing the technical gesture in the best conditions for an optimal result with a maximal security. The evolution of the brachytherapy techniques needs the set up of specific theoretical and practical training sessions. The present article focuses on the importance of the brachytherapy training as well as the different means currently available for the young radiation oncologist community for perfecting their education. National and international trainings are presented. The role of the simulation principle in the frame of brachytherapy is also discussed. Even if brachytherapy is not always an easy technique, its efficacy and its medico-economical impact need to be passed down to motivated students with the implementation of relevant educational means. PMID:23402877

Hannoun-Lévi, J-M; Marchesi, V; Peiffert, D

2013-02-09

490

Train Trouble  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Technology Problem of the Week (tPoW) challenges students to use proportional reasoning to determine the speed of a train that two children in a tunnel evade by running in opposite directions, given only the kids' relative starting position and speed as they run out of the tunnel. It links to the Geometer's Sketchpad sketch "Train Tunnel." Solve and explain your solution; download hints and answer checks. Free registration is required.

Forum, The M.

1999-01-01

491

Individualized Assessment and Treatment Program for Alcohol Dependence: Results of an Initial Study to Train Coping Skills  

PubMed Central

Aims Cognitive-behavioral treatments (CBT) are among the most popular interventions offered for alcohol and other substance use disorders, but it is not clear how they achieve their effects. CBT is purported to exert its beneficial effects by altering coping skills, but data supporting coping changes as the mechanism of action are mixed. The purpose of this pilot study was to test a treatment in which coping skills were trained in a highly individualized way, allowing us to determine if such training would result in an effective treatment. Design Participants were assigned randomly to a comprehensive packaged CBT program (PCBT), or to an Individualized Assessment and Treatment Program (IATP). The IATP program employed experience sampling via cellphone to assess coping skills prior to treatment, and provided therapists a detailed understanding of patients' coping strengths and deficits. Setting Outpatient treatment. Participants A total of 110 alcohol dependent men and women. Measurements Participants in both conditions completed experience sampling of situations, drinking and coping efforts prior to, and following, 12 weeks of treatment. Timeline follow-back procedures were also used to record drinking at baseline and posttreatment. Findings IATP yielded higher proportion days abstinent (PDA) at posttreatment (p < .05) than did PCBT, and equivalent heavy drinking days. IATP also elicited more momentary coping responses, and less drinking, in high risk situations, as recorded by experience sampling at posttreatment. Posttreatment coping response rates were associated with decreases in drinking. Conclusions The IATP approach was more successful than PCBT at training adaptive coping responses for use in situations presenting high-risk for drinking. The highly individualized IATP approach may prove to be an effective treatment strategy for alcohol dependent patients.

Litt, Mark D.; Kadden, Ronald M.; Kabela-Cormier, Elise

2009-01-01

492

Power Trains.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide is part of a series designed to teach students about diesel engines. The materials in this power trains guide apply to both on-road and off-road vehicles and include information about chain and belt drives used in tractors and combines. These instructional materials, containing nine units, are written in terms of student…

Kukuk, Marvin; Mathis, Joe

493

Parent training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent training programmes are a very well replicated, effective treatment for conduct problems. The most effective include a strong element of practising skills, combined with understanding the parents' predicament and helping them alter this. However, they don't always improve behaviour in the school setting, which is an important predictor of poor outcomes. The focus therefore is now on also adding

Stephen Scott

2005-01-01

494

Extreme Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can one learn to lead on the flying trapeze? That's the question prompted by the exotic variations on the theme of experiential learning. By taking employees or executives (or both) out of their work element and putting them through an experience together, training professionals try to create learning that is more meaningful than PowerPoint…

Dolezalek, Holly

2010-01-01

495

Evaluating Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents general systems models (ballistic system, guided system, and adaptive system) and an evaluation matrix to help in examining training evaluation alternatives and in deciding what evaluation is appropriate. Includes some guidelines for conducting evaluation studies using four designs (control group, reversal, multiple baseline, and "before…

Brethower, Karen S.; Rummler, Geary A.

1979-01-01

496

Employment Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document reviews the progress of the Employment Training (ET) initiative for employed adults in Great Britain. The document begins by explaining the changing context in which the project is operating, which includes a downgrading of the alternatives to ET, increased participation in ET, and increased employer involvement in ET. The response…

Further Education Unit, London (England).

497

Model training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Yes, training faculty for online instruction requires immersion in technological tools, but technological baptism is not enough. There is a strong correlation between faculty teaching and student retention. Student retention results from dependable instructor connection and engagement with the student-learner. Come to think of it, is that not what exemplary teaching is supposed to be?“The most important factor for successful

Leslie P Hitch; David Hirsch

2001-01-01

498

Choosing Training?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to help the user enter into the job market by making the most of their existing skills and finding additional training. Section 1, Vocations, Occupations, Careers, looks at the assessment tools used by employers and trainers to prepare people for today's job market. It describes how to develop a personal inventory of skills…

Stephen, Jennifer

499

Gaps in quality of diabetes care in internal medicine residency clinics suggest the need for better ambulatory care training.  

PubMed

To ensure that medical residents will be prepared to deliver consistently high-quality care, they should be trained in settings that provide such care. Residents in internal medicine, particularly, need to learn good care habits in order to meet the needs of patients with diabetes and other common chronic and high-impact illnesses. To assess the strength of such training, we compared the quality of medical care provided in sixty-seven US internal medicine residency ambulatory clinics with the quality of care provided by 703 practicing general internists. We found significant quality gaps in process, intermediate outcome, and patient-experience measures. These inadequacies in ambulatory training for internal medicine residents must be addressed by policy makers and educators-for example, by accelerating the movement toward new residency curricula that emphasize competency-based training. PMID:22232105

Lynn, Lorna; Hess, Brian J; Weng, Weifeng; Lipner, Rebecca S; Holmboe, Eric S

2012-01-01