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1

Algorithmic information content, Church-Turing thesis, physical entropy, and Maxwell's demon  

SciTech Connect

Measurements convert alternative possibilities of its potential outcomes into the definiteness of the record'' -- data describing the actual outcome. The resulting decrease of statistical entropy has been, since the inception of the Maxwell's demon, regarded as a threat to the second law of thermodynamics. For, when the statistical entropy is employed as the measure of the useful work which can be extracted from the system, its decrease by the information gathering actions of the observer would lead one to believe that, at least from the observer's viewpoint, the second law can be violated. I show that the decrease of ignorance does not necessarily lead to the lowering of disorder of the measured physical system. Measurements can only convert uncertainty (quantified by the statistical entropy) into randomness of the outcome (given by the algorithmic information content of the data). The ability to extract useful work is measured by physical entropy, which is equal to the sum of these two measures of disorder. So defined physical entropy is, on the average, constant in course of the measurements carried out by the observer on an equilibrium system. 27 refs., 6 figs.

Zurek, W.H.

1990-01-01

2

Computing Beyond the Church-Turing Limit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dershowitz and Gurevich claim to have proven the Church-Turing theorem starting from a set of 4 reasonable postulates. (Bulletin of Symbolic Logic, vol. 14, num. 3, Sept. 2008, pg. 299) But their postulate II assumes fixed vocabulary. Humans, however, change their vocabulary words (and concepts) over time. My Asa H artificial intelligence also changes its vocabulary. (Trans. of the Kansas Acad. of Sci., vol. 109, no. 3/4, pg 159, 2006, www.bioone.org/archive/0022- 8443/109/3/pdf/i0022-8443-109-3-159.pdf) Their postulate I excludes nondeterministic transitions between states. I don't know how often humans flip a coin but my Asa H does employ random transitions under certain circumstances. Perhaps humans and Asa H go beyond the Church-Turing limit. (Trans. Kansas Acad. of Sci., 108, 3/4, pg. 169, 2005)

Jones, Robert

2009-05-01

3

Dissipative quantum Church-Turing theorem.  

PubMed

We show that the time evolution of an open quantum system, described by a possibly time dependent Liouvillian, can be simulated by a unitary quantum circuit of a size scaling polynomially in the simulation time and the size of the system. An immediate consequence is that dissipative quantum computing is no more powerful than the unitary circuit model. Our result can be seen as a dissipative Church-Turing theorem, since it implies that under natural assumptions, such as weak coupling to an environment, the dynamics of an open quantum system can be simulated efficiently on a quantum computer. Formally, we introduce a Trotter decomposition for Liouvillian dynamics and give explicit error bounds. This constitutes a practical tool for numerical simulations, e.g., using matrix-product operators. We also demonstrate that most quantum states cannot be prepared efficiently. PMID:22026760

Kliesch, M; Barthel, T; Gogolin, C; Kastoryano, M; Eisert, J

2011-09-12

4

Dissipative Quantum Church-Turing Theorem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that the time evolution of an open quantum system, described by a possibly time dependent Liouvillian, can be simulated by a unitary quantum circuit of a size scaling polynomially in the simulation time and the size of the system. An immediate consequence is that dissipative quantum computing is no more powerful than the unitary circuit model. Our result can be seen as a dissipative Church-Turing theorem, since it implies that under natural assumptions, such as weak coupling to an environment, the dynamics of an open quantum system can be simulated efficiently on a quantum computer. Formally, we introduce a Trotter decomposition for Liouvillian dynamics and give explicit error bounds. This constitutes a practical tool for numerical simulations, e.g., using matrix-product operators. We also demonstrate that most quantum states cannot be prepared efficiently.

Kliesch, M.; Barthel, T.; Gogolin, C.; Kastoryano, M.; Eisert, J.

2011-09-01

5

Effect of water content on the predictions of the Cloud Rise Module of DELFIC. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The effect of water content on the predictions of the Cloud Rise Module (CRM) of the Defense Land Fallout Information Code, (DELFIC) was examined. Problems with the theory of the CRM were found, especially how it handled the cloud's water content. The source code of the CRM was also found to have some contradictions with its documentation. All of the problems found with the CRM were addressed and a new version of DELFIC was created. This new version was then used to examine the predicted nuclear cloud height and volume for different humidity profiles and surface-water mass loading of the cloud. Increasing the atmospheric humidity resulted in a higher stabilized cloud top altitude and larger volume; increasing the surface water loading resulted in a lower stabilized cloud top and a smaller cloud volume. The effect of soil loading was examined, and found to produce only slight changes in the stabilized cloud top and volume. Results found with the revised CRM were compared to the results found using the original CRM. Both versions followed the same trends as the humidity profiles were changed, but the results found for the surface water loading case were very divergent. The differences in the results of the two versions suggest the results of the revised CRM are more valid.

Minor, B.M.

1988-03-01

6

Going beyond the Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most every writing teacher can relate to the curse of reading yet another incoherent essay, the contents of which resemble an unorganized junk drawer of thoughts. Such essays cry out for a main idea. The remedy is a thesis, and teachers rightly take pains to help students discover this. Yet in spite of this, writing teachers ought to bear in mind…

Smith, Andrew C.

2010-01-01

7

Going beyond the Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most every writing teacher can relate to the curse of reading yet another incoherent essay, the contents of which resemble an unorganized junk drawer of thoughts. Such essays cry out for a main idea. The remedy is a thesis, and teachers rightly take pains to help students discover this. Yet in spite of this, writing teachers ought to bear in mind…

Smith, Andrew C.

2010-01-01

8

Teaching the Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Writing a good thesis provides a successful foundation for composing an essay. Teaching how to do that, however, is quite another matter. Teachers often say to students, "Find a thesis," or "Get a thesis," or "Bring in a thesis statement tomorrow," as if students could order one like a pizza, command it like a pet pooch, or grasp one out of thin…

Carroll, Joyce Armstrong

2012-01-01

9

The Tractable Cognition Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The recognition that human minds/brains are finite systems with limited resources for computation has led some researchers to advance the "Tractable Cognition thesis": Human cognitive capacities are constrained by computational tractability. This thesis, if true, serves cognitive psychology by constraining the space of computational-level…

van Rooij, Iris

2008-01-01

10

The Tractable Cognition Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recognition that human minds\\/brains are finite systems with limited resources for computation has led some researchers to advance the Tractable Cognition thesis: Human cognitive capacities are constrained by computational tractability. This thesis, if true, serves cognitive psychology by constrain- ing the space of computational-level theories of cognition. To utilize this constraint, a precise and workable definition of \\

I. J. E. I. van Rooij

2008-01-01

11

Extended Program Notes for Thesis Guitar Recital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis presents extended program notes for a sixty-minute guitar graduate recital consisting of the following repertoire in order: Benin; Pure; Home; Closure all by Aaron Lebos; Pat Methany’s Uniquity Road; Sonny Rollins’s Airegin; and Aaron Lebos’s Nothing. These works encompass and display a variety of musical influences and styles. The content of this thesis features detailed information on rhythmic,

Aaron Lebos

2011-01-01

12

The Las Vegas Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Following "reflexive ethnography" and utilizing an approach of "performative narrative" and "layered text", this article explores how Bachelor of Arts students in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language program at a public university in Mexico successfully manage the writing of an inductive-oriented thesis in English by resisting…

Sughrua, William

2010-01-01

13

The Las Vegas Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following "reflexive ethnography" and utilizing an approach of "performative narrative" and "layered text", this article explores how Bachelor of Arts students in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language program at a public university in Mexico successfully manage the writing of an inductive-oriented thesis in English by resisting…

Sughrua, William

2010-01-01

14

Economics Senior Thesis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The department of economics at Elon changed its curriculum in 1995 to require an independent senior thesis for all majors. Since that time, this activity has evolved tremendously. In 2009, we changed the curriculum again to require a 2 semester hour Fall seminar component to go along with the 2 semester hours. of independent research each student completes in the Spring of their senior year.

Deloach, Steve

15

Consistency and Inconsistency in PhD Thesis Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a mixed methods investigation of consistency in PhD examination. At its core is the quantification of the content and conceptual analysis of examiner reports for 804 Australian theses. First, the level of consistency between what examiners say in their reports and the recommendation they provide for a thesis is explored, followed by an…

Holbrook, Allyson; Bourke, Sid; Lovat, Terry; Fairbairn, Hedy

2008-01-01

16

Writing and Presenting Your Thesis or Dissertation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This guide has been created to assist students in thinking through the many aspects of crafting, implementing, and defending a thesis or dissertation. This guide focuses on the quasi-political aspects of the thesis or dissertation process.

S. Joseph Levine (Michigan State University)

2011-10-14

17

SOME REMARKS ON THE LOGIC AND EPISTEMOLOGY OF COMPUTATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper focuses on some logical and epistemological aspects of the notion of computation. The first part questions the Church- Turing thesis as a fundamental principle concerning the limits of computation and some of its consequences for Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Science. The second part discusses one of the main presumptions of the traditional conception of computability, namely, its

Joćo de Fernandes Teixeira

18

Can General Relativistic Computers Break the Turing Barrier?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can general relativistic computers break the Turing bar- rier? - Are there final limits to human knowledge? - Limitative results versus human creativity (paradigm shifts). - Godel's logical results in comparison\\/combination with Godel's relativistic results. - Can Hilbert's programme be carried through after all? 1 Aims, perspective The Physical Church-Turing Thesis, PhCT, is the conjecture that whatever phys- ical computing

Istvįn Németi; Hajnal Andréka

2006-01-01

19

1989 lectures in complex systems  

SciTech Connect

This report contains papers on the following topics: Lectures on a Theory of Computation and Complexity over the Reals; Algorithmic Information Content, Church-Turing Thesis, Physical Entroph, and Maxwell's Demon; Physical Measures of Complexity; An Introduction to Chaos and Prediction; Hamiltonian Chaos in Nonlinear Polarized Optical Beam; Chemical Oscillators and Nonlinear Chemical Dynamics; Isotropic Navier-Stokes Turbulence. I. Qualitative Features and Basic Equations; Isotropic Navier-Stokes Turbulence. II. Statistical Approximation Methods; Lattice Gases; Data-Parallel Computation and the Connection Machine; Preimages and Forecasting for Cellular Automata; Lattice-Gas Models for Multiphase Flows and Magnetohydrodynamics; Probabilistic Cellular Automata: Some Statistical Mechanical Considerations; Complexity Due to Disorder and Frustration; Self-Organization by Simulated Evolution; Theoretical Immunology; Morphogenesis by Cell Intercalation; and Theoretical Physics Meets Experimental Neurobiology.

Jen, E. (ed.) (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1990-01-01

20

The Bachelor's Thesis in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The theory-oriented approach to the final thesis in higher education is still dominant at the Master as well as Bachelor level. We believe, however, that at the Bachelor level a practice-oriented approach would be more appropriate. Our research as presented below explores the possibilities of a practice-oriented approach to the Bachelor's thesis…

Meeus, Wil; Van Looy, Linda; Libotton, Arno

2004-01-01

21

The death penalty and the Forfeiture Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opponents of the death penalty argue that judicial executions violate the condemned prisoner's right to life. Death penalty retentionists often attempt to counter this argument by asserting that persons convicted of capital crimes have forfeited their right to life. This paper examines the logic of the Forfeiture Thesis, and a related assumption, the State Authority Thesis, in relation to the

Morton Winston

2002-01-01

22

The Master's Thesis in Applied Psychology Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recommends the inclusion of a master's thesis in industrial and organizational psychology programs. Argues that the thesis serves several critical educational purposes and is relevant to applied psychology. Offers suggestions for increasing the relationship between the educational requirement and the professional tasks. (MJP)|

Shultz, Kenneth S.; Kottke, Janet L.

1996-01-01

23

Joint Online Thesis and Research System (JOTARS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this thesis is to develop a web-enabled database which facilitates research related connections and communication among Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) students, professors and DOD organizations. The proposed name for the prototype website ...

M. L. Cohn

2006-01-01

24

Writing a Structured Abstract for the Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's suggestions on how to improve thesis abstracts. The author describes two books on writing abstracts: (1) "Creating Effective Conference Abstracts and Posters in Biomedicine: 500 tips for Success" (Fraser, Fuller & Hutber, 2009), a compendium of clear advice--a must book to have in one's hand as one prepares a…

Hartley, James

2010-01-01

25

Testing the 'Clash of Civilizations' Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In seeking to understand the root causes of the events of 9\\/11 many accounts have turned to Samuel P. Huntington's provocative and controversial thesis of a 'clash of civilizations', arousing strong debate. Evidence from the 1995-2001 waves of the World Values Study allows us, for the first time, to examine an extensive body of empirical evidence relating to this debate.

Pippa Norris; Ronald Inglehart

26

Beyond Armageddon: Deterrence with less. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines the implications for nuclear deterrence between the United States and the Soviet Union brought about by the dramatic changes in the strategic environment during the 1980s. Specifically, it examines the potential for a new criteria of deterrence at significantly lower levels of strategic weapons. The analysis indicates that a targeting strategy which emphasizes economic and industrial facilities

Kolbas

1991-01-01

27

How I Chose My Thesis Advisor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Professor K. Papadopoulos, or Dennis, who we have all come to him as, has had a profound influence over my career as a scientist as well as my private life. Here I provide a brief account of the events that led me to Dennis as my PhD thesis advisor at University of Maryland and what that has meant to me.

Karimabadi, Homa

2011-01-01

28

The Mcdonaldization thesis and cruise tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the extent to which current trends within the cruiseship sector exemplify the five core principles that underpin the McDonaldization thesis. There are some ships that possess attributes consistent with the core principles: efficiency, calculability, predictability, control, and the “irrationality of rationality”. However, these vessels also exhibit qualities that are, in certain ways, inconsistent with some of these

Adam Weaver

2005-01-01

29

Benchmarking of thesis research: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process of the thesis research in the industrial engineering related master's programmes in Chalmers University of Technology for benchmarking implementation in Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch (IAU-STB), taking into consideration the different conditions of two universities and respective countries of Sweden and Iran. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In this research,

Mohammad Shahalizadeh; Grannaz Amirjamshidi; Solmaz Shahalizadeh

2009-01-01

30

Librarians and Undergraduate Thesis Support: An Annotated Bibliography  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the available literature to explore the assistance librarians can provide to undergraduate thesis writers. The article begins with a discussion of undergraduate thesis requirements, then presents an annotated bibliography of scholarship on librarians'; work with thesis writers, and concludes with issues to consider for librarians planning to provide instruction and support to undergraduate thesis writers.

Sara Harrington

2009-01-01

31

The thesis of stages fourteen years later  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The author indicates the changes and additions he would make to his book ` The Quality of Education in Developing Countries' (1966) if he were re-writing it in 1980. He would make clearer that his primary interest is in a continuum of change, the process of growth of a school system, and that the `stages' are only a convenient non-mathematical artifact to make the thesis more useful to administrators and planners. In the light of more recent developments and experiences, he now gives new stress to the pluralism of objectives at the stage of Meaning, and discusses the political, social, cultural and financial reasons why a country may choose not to take the difficult step from stage III to stage IV. Recent forms of alternative education, particularly those embodying plans for lifelong education, offer some hope of bypassing his thesis of stages. More consideration is given to constraints other than that of teacher qualification, though the difficulty of changing the skills, habits, attitudes and purposes in the teaching profession remain the chief obstacle to qualitative growth. Particular attention is paid to `crash' programmes where processes that are, by their very nature, successive are compressed into simultaneous or almost simultaneous ones. Some implications of the thesis of stages for teacher training are briefly dealt with. Regarding the application of the thesis to secondary education, he maintains that a better model of growth would be one based on the capacity of secondary education to respond to the changing economic and social demands of the community. Finally, he suggests three methods of testing his hypotheses and pleads that more consideration be given to building up a body of educational, theory based on the experience of developing countries over the past three decades.

Beeby, C. E.

1980-12-01

32

Extended Program Notes for Thesis Voice Recital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis presents extended program notes for a sixty–minute vocal graduate recital consisting of the following repertoire for soprano: the arias “Soffri, o cor” and “Dimmi qual prova mai” from Alessandro Scarlatti’s cantata Dal Bel Volto d’Irene; a role study of Zerlina from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni, including her arias “Batti, batti, o bel Masetto” and “Vedrai, carino;”

Katherine P. Smith

2012-01-01

33

Laser damage to spherical targets. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has investigated laser-beam interaction with flat surfaces. Those studies have generated theoretical foundations for cratering, plasma formation and expansion, and electric- and magnetic-field dynamics. This thesis applies previously developed theory to understanding damage to spherical targets of 1 millimeter diameter and smaller. The targets analyzed were irradiated on one side with 300-picosecond iodine laser pulses (6 X 10Ā¹āµ

1985-01-01

34

Alternative American foreign policy for Ukraine. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

American policy makers have largely ignored Ukraine in their global policy planning. This lack of consideration shows a neglect of the potential for conflict in Eastern Europe. American foreign policy toward Ukraine, that is rooted in the START and NPT Treaties, is doomed to fail, and will actually sow the seeds of chaos, unless the United States: (1) comes to understand the motivations that drive Ukrainian foreign policy, and (2) facilitate significant positive alterations to the security and economic environment that has developed since the breakup of the Soviet Union. This thesis examines Western security goals and analyzes the current means available to achieve those goals. The contention of this thesis is that present Western policy pursuits will lead to a regenerated authoritarian Russian superpower that will be a threat to the security of Ukraine and Europe. The potentially dangerous consequences of an authoritarian Russia could be avoided by facilitating the development of a strong and stable Ukraine to act as a balance to Russian power in Eastern Europe. United States, Ukraine, Foreign policy, Nuclear arms negotiations, Economic aid, Russia.

Williams, R.G.

1993-06-01

35

Budgeting for counterproliferation. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

In the Bottom-Up Review conducted in the aftermath of the collapse of the Soviet Union, DOD identified the proliferation of nuclear weapons as the new primary threat to the national security of the U.S. In response to this new threat, the Clinton Administration signaled a shift in emphasis in proliferation policy to include counterproliferation as a major policy goal. This thesis examines proliferation policy from a resource perspective. After a brief history of past U.S. proliferation policy and the Defense Counterproliferation Initiative (DCI), the Administration`s FY 95 budget request for policy support for this new initiative is analyzed. The purpose is to provide insight concerning the extent to which a consensus on resources for this new initiative exists between the executive and legislative branches. The thesis concludes that both the Administration and Congress agree that counterproliferation is an appropriate means to deal with the new threat. The Senate was supportive of the new initiative throughout the budget process, whereas the House was not. However, Congress as a whole increased support for the initiative by appropriating $60 million, almost twice the Administration`s request. There was confusion between the Administration and Congress regarding the proper account for funding the initiative. Consequently, Congress zeroed the Administration`s original request for counterproliferation studies in the OM account, but added back $60 million to the RDTE account for the DCI, indicating that the initiative was more technology oriented and required RDTE funds.

Dunscomb, K.D.

1994-12-01

36

Development of French nuclear forces. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this thesis is to examine how and why the French undertook the development of their own nuclear force and through this examination, argue that the French nuclear force is not just a classic example of stereotypical French chauvinism. It is more in line with a nation realizing its potential in reacting to perceived threats to its national reputation, sovereignty, and security and the changes in the world arena brought about by the nuclear age. In examining how the French nuclear force developed, the various stages of research, development, and deployment are chronologically detailed. This chronology covers policy as well as technological and economic considerations. Based on fairly realistic interpretations of the French experience over the last century, French leaders felt justified in developing their own nuclear capability. It was not a sudden process, but a gradual accumulation of insecurities about French prestige, national survival, and domestic stability that required a firm and reliable solution.

Wisda, M.J.

1987-11-01

37

Quantum Algorithms: Applicable Algebra and Quantum Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classical computer science relies on the concept of Turing machines as a unifying model of universal computation. According\\u000a to the modern Church-Turing Thesis, this concept is interpreted in the form that every physically reasonable model of computation\\u000a can be efficiently simulated on a probabilistic Turing machine. Recently this understanding, which was taken for granted for a long time, has\\u000a required

Thomas Beth; Martin Roetteler

2001-01-01

38

COMPUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF HUMAN THINKING PROCESSES (INVITED PAPER)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human creative thinking is analyzed, in particular through the principle of multiple knowledge. It is claimed that current digital computers, however fast, cannot achieve true human-level intelligence, and that the Church-Turing thesis might be inadequate to encapsulate top human thinking mechanisms. We try to show this by introduc- ing and analyzing a two- and one-processing entity. Formally, we want to

MATJAZ GAMS

39

The Quantum Challenge to Structural Complexity Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nontechnical survey of recent quantum-mechanical discoveries that challenge generally accepted complexity-theoretic versions of the Church-Turing thesis is presented. In particular, the authors construct an oracle relative to which there exists a set that can be recognized in quantum polynomal time (QP), yet any Turing machine that recognizes it would require exponential time even if allowed to be probabilistic, provided

André Berthiaume; Gilles Brassard

1992-01-01

40

Rethinking Neuroethics in the Light of the Extended Mind Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extended mind thesis is the claim that mental states extend beyond the skulls of the agents whose states they are. This seemingly obscure and bizarre claim has far-reaching implications for neuroethics, I argue. In the first half of this article, I sketch the extended mind thesis and defend it against criticisms. In the second half, I turn to its

Neil Levy

2007-01-01

41

Algorithms for scheduling and network problems. Doctoral thesis  

SciTech Connect

In this thesis we develop algorithms for two basic classes of problems in combinatorial optimization: deterministic machine scheduling and network optimization. In the first part of the thesis we consider approximation algorithms for two basic scheduling environments: shop scheduling and parallel machine scheduling. The authors give approximation algorithms for shop scheduling that significantly improve upon the performance of previous algorithms. They then study on-line approximation algorithms for parallel machine scheduling. In the second part of the thesis they present several theoretical and practical results about parallel algorithms for network optimization problems.

Wein, J.M.

1991-09-01

42

THESIS: terrestrial and habitable zone infrared spectroscopy spacecraft  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

THESIS is a concept for a medium class mission designed for spectroscopic characterization of extrasolar planets between 2-14 microns. The concept leverages off the recent first-steps made by Spitzer and Hubble in characterizing the atmospheres of alien gas giants. Under favourable circumstances, THESIS is capable of identifying biogenic molecules in habitable-zone planets, thereby determining conditions on worlds where life might exist. By systematically characterizing many worlds, from rocky planets to gas-giants, THESIS would deliver transformational science of profound interest to astronomers and the general public.

Vasisht, G.; Swain, M. R.; Akeson, R. L.; Burrows, A.; Deming, D.; Grillmair, C. J.; Greene, T. P.

2008-08-01

43

Attitudes on Conducting Thesis Research in a Developing Country.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a survey conducted to study attitudes toward agronomy graduate students conducting thesis research in developing countries. Compares perceptions of executive officers of international program offices and departments of agronomy, and major professors. (TW)

Mason, S. C.; And Others

1987-01-01

44

Utility and Applicability of the Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) Within Navy Higher Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis critically analyzes the Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) within higher education and examines SCORM's limitations within a realistic application environment versus within a theoretical/conceptual platform. The thesis also examin...

I. Z. Zacharopoulos M. B. Kohistany

2004-01-01

45

Acid rain and the environment: an ethical perspective. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examines the acid rain problem and the conflicts in values and interests that it precipitates in order to formulate some suggestions for U.S. policy. The thesis discusses the different sources of acid precursors and their significance, then examines the effects of these pollutants on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. This is followed by a discussion of measures both to mitigate the effects of acid rain and prevent acid rain such as fluidized-bed combustion, timing, and coal washing. Federal funding to implement an Acid Rain Control Program is recommended; such a program should improve industry standards based on the maximum amount of sulfur dioxide that can be released.

Greig, J.W.

1985-01-01

46

Deterring weapons of mass destruction terrorism. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examines terrorist acts involving the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) against unsuspecting civilians by the Aum Shinrikyo and Rajneesh cults. The proliferation of WMD (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) has created a concern that terrorists might use WMD. Despite obvious signs, these groups were not identified as terrorists until after they committed terrorist attacks. This thesis identifies common characteristics of terrorists that have used WMD in the past and generates indicators of non-state actors that might commit WMD terrorism in the future.

LeHardy, F.A.

1997-12-01

47

Nuclear proliferation: Lessons learned from the Iraqi case. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nuclear weapons inspection regime implemented in Iraq following the United Nations coalition victory in Desert Storm is the most intrusive in history. Important conclusions about the current non-proliferation regime can therefore be determined from a study of Iraq's progress. This thesis examines Iraq's efforts to acquire nuclear weapons. The supply side of the equation is also studied, with a

1992-01-01

48

Holism a century ago: The elaboration of Duhem's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Duhem first expounds the holistic thesis, according to which an experimental test always involves several hypotheses, in articles dating from the 1890s. Poincaré's analysis of a recent experiment in optics provides the incentive, but Duhem generalizes this analysis and develops a highly original methodological position. He is led to reject inductivism. I will endeavor to show the crucial role history

Anastasios A. Brenner

1990-01-01

49

"Course Thesis" as End of the Laboratory Experimental Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The "course thesis" is introduced as end of the laboratory experimental program for the students in organic chemistry and consists of two- or three-step synthesis of an organic compound for which good procedures for synthesis are described in the literature. During the second semester, the student searches by himself the parameters and the known synthetical methods for the desired compound beginning with the general chemical encyclopedias and reaching to the original publications. The reaction scheme and the appropriate methods for the preparation of the target compound and its precursors are discussed with a member of the Department as a tutor. All results and information accumulated during the searching and the experimental work are summarized in a small thesis (5-10 pages) written in the style of scientific publication, with a title page, short introduction about the subject, review on the principal synthetic methods, experimental results and the literature sources. The student presents the essence of the thesis at a special Jury in the presence of his collegues and answers questions on the general aspects of the reaction used. The contribution of the thesis is that the student is placed in the real conditions of the research laboratory with self-dependent evaluation of the synthetical methods and all responsability of preparing the target compound.

Dobrev, Alexandre A.

1996-09-01

50

A Supervisor's Roles for Successful Thesis and Dissertation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The success of a thesis or a dissertation for a graduate student relies upon the roles of their supervisor. The student not only needs to be equipped with the knowledge, but also be able to manage others and external factors at the same time. The journey during the period of conducting research is mixed with various tasks. Five supportive roles…

Mhunpiew, Nathara

2013-01-01

51

Intergroup Contact and Ingroup Reappraisal: Examining the Deprovincialization Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|According to the deprovincialization thesis, interethnic contact involves a reappraisal and distancing from the ingroup. Contact can broaden one's horizon by acknowledging and recognizing the value of other cultures and thereby putting the taken-for-granted own cultural standards into perspective. The current research uses data from three surveys…

Verkuyten, Maykel; Thijs, Jochem; Bekhuis, Hidde

2010-01-01

52

Support for Different Roles in Software Engineering Master's Thesis Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Like many engineering programs in Europe, the final part of most Swedish software engineering programs is a longer project in which the students write a Master's thesis. These projects are often conducted in cooperation between a university and industry, and the students often have two supervisors, one at the university and one in industry. In…

Host, M.; Feldt, R.; Luders, F.

2010-01-01

53

The Thesis Black Market: Present State and Background  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The superficial reason for the existence of the thesis black market is the glut of theses and the shortage of publishing space; behind that is the skewed academic assessment system. Today, the following circumstances can be found in virtually all institutions of higher education in China: (1) A master's degree student must, during the two or…

Gang, Wang

2007-01-01

54

Doctorate as genre: supporting thesis writing across campus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly learning advisors provide generic support for doctoral students. The terms ‘genre’ (a category, type or family) and ‘generic’ (ambiguously both ‘of a category’ and ‘non-specific’) are interrogated here in relation to such support. Literary studies scholars divide texts by genre for the purpose of analysis. It is helpful to see the doctoral thesis as a literary genre and discuss

Susan Carter

2011-01-01

55

The fuel efficient missile combat crew routing network. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Missile combat crew vehicles are the highest mileage accumulators within SAC and, in the interest of energy conservation, Vice CINCSAC has initiated a long-term study examining utilization of more fuel efficient crew vehicles. This thesis extends the SAC study by determining if alternate dispatch procedures and routes of travel, using currently assigned vehicles, would result in fuel conservation. A network

E. O. Jr. Jacques; M. G. Woolley

1980-01-01

56

Sponsoring congregations' answer to McGrath Thesis: corporate control.  

PubMed

Fr. Maida refutes McGrath's Thesis and posits that Catholic health care facilities face special corporate, financial, and theological administrative issues. By maintaining corporate control of the institutions they sponsor, religious congregations can determine institutional policies consistent with church teachings. PMID:10245867

Maida, A J

1980-04-01

57

Playing Echo in Eleemosynary: A Creative Thesis Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis, I will explain on paper my creative process of researching, rehearsing, and performing the role of Echo in Eleemosynary. Eleemosynary is a one-act play by playwright Lee Blessing about three women and how their lives intersect and affect each other. I played Echo, the youngest of the three; her mother is Artie and hergrandmother is Dorothea. The

Hayley Barnes

2012-01-01

58

Deterring weapons of mass destruction terrorism. Master`s thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines terrorist acts involving the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) against unsuspecting civilians by the Aum Shinrikyo and Rajneesh cults. The proliferation of WMD (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) has created a concern that terrorists might use WMD. Despite obvious signs, these groups were not identified as terrorists until after they committed terrorist attacks. This

LeHardy

1997-01-01

59

Energy management and control system verification study. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy Management and Control Systems (EMCS) are being installed and operated throughout the Air Force. Millions of dollars have been spent on EMCS, but no study has conclusively proved that EMCS has actually saved the Air Force energy. This thesis used the Regression subprogram of Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to determine if these systems are indeed saving

K. E. Boulware; G. C. Williamson

1983-01-01

60

Understanding the economic power of oil. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oil has become a single global market in which oil price fluctuations now have the ability to rock the world economy. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the changing nature of this threat and by doing so, show that Saudi Arabia, which has acted as the primary stabilizing tool by American foreign policy makers, will no longer suffice

Belanger

1992-01-01

61

The Doctoral Thesis and Supervision: The Student Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The doctoral thesis constitutes both a negotiation of the supervision relationship as well as mastery and skill in participating in a specific community of practice. Two models of supervision are discussed: the technical rationality model with its emphasis on technical aspects of supervision, and the negotiated order model with an emphasis on…

Kiguwa, Peace; Langa, Malose

2009-01-01

62

The Jailing of America's Homeless: Evaluating the Rabble Management Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors of this article test hypotheses derived from Irwin's rabble management thesis. The analysis uses data from 47,592 interviews conducted with jailed adults in 30 U.S. cities as part of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring program. Clearly, homeless persons are overrepresented among those arrested and booked into local jails. Bivariate…

Fitzpatrick, Kevin M.; Myrstol, Brad

2011-01-01

63

Sources and biological effects of nonionizing electromagnetic radiation. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is designed to provide an insight into potential biological effects on humans resulting from exposure to nonionizing electromagnetic radiation emitted by communications and radar equipment. The spectrum considered extends from the extremely low frequency band, which may be employed for communicating with submerged submarines, through the microwave band, which is utilized for satellite communications and radars. The different

Sosnicky

1976-01-01

64

Thesis Supervision in the Social Sciences: Managed or Negotiated?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study of thesis advising of 36 graduate students in education and psychology at 3 British universities investigated supervisory style, nature of supervisor-student meetings, extent of direction offered by the supervisor, nature of interpersonal relationships, and student strategies. The "negotiated order" supervisory model is found…

Acker, Sandra; And Others

1994-01-01

65

The formalisation of work thesis: a critical evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to evaluate critically the popular prejudice that economic development is characterised by a natural and inevitable shift of economic activity from the informal to the formal sphere which culminates in full-employment (the formalisation of work thesis). We show not only that this end-state has never been achieved in most advanced economies but that some

Colin C Williams; Jan Windebank

1999-01-01

66

Social Indicators of Education and the Model Minority Thesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The idea that Asian Americans constitute a "model minority" needing no special help with education or employment is quite widespread, even amongst government officials. This "model minority" thesis has not been investigated empirically, in part because of the lack of a theoretical construct. An interdisciplinary model focusing on educational and…

Macaranas, Federico M.

67

Parallel architecture for real-time simulation. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis is concerned with the development of a very fast and highly efficient parallel computer architecture for real-time simulation of continuous systems. Currently, several parallel processing systems exist that may be capable of executing a complex simulation in real-time. These systems are examined and the pros and cons of each system discussed. The thesis then introduced a custom-designed parallel architecture based upon The University of Alabama's OPERA architecture. Each component of this system is discussed and rationale presented for its selection. The problem selected, real-time simulation of the Space Shuttle Main Engine for the test and evaluation of the proposed architecture, is explored, identifying the areas where parallelism can be exploited and parallel processing applied. Results from the test and evaluation phase are presented and compared with the results of the same problem that has been processed on a uniprocessor system.

Cockrell, C.D.

1989-01-01

68

Publishing a master's thesis: a guide for novice authors.  

PubMed

Publication of original research, clinical experiences, and critical reviews of literature are vital to the growth of the genetic counseling field, delivery of genetic counseling services, and professional development of genetic counselors. Busy clinical schedules, lack of time and funding, and training that emphasizes clinical skills over research skills may make it difficult for new genetic counselors to turn their thesis projects into publications. This paper summarizes and elaborates upon a presentation aimed at de-mystifying the publishing process given at the 2008 National Society of Genetic Counselors Annual Education Conference. Specific topics include familiarizing prospective authors, particularly genetic counseling students, with the basics of the publication process and related ethical considerations. Former students' experiences with publishing master's theses also are described in hopes of encouraging new genetic counselors to submit for publication papers based on their thesis projects. PMID:20076994

Resta, Robert G; McCarthy Veach, Patricia; Charles, Sarah; Vogel, Kristen; Blase, Terri; Palmer, Christina G S

2010-01-14

69

Methodology for analyzing arms control proposals. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this thesis is to develop a method for analyzing arms control proposals. It follows a modified systems analysis paradigm, centering about the use of the BRIK goal-programming nuclear-exchange model. The objectives of deterrence and arms control are discussed, and it is shown that major goals are increasing stability and maximizing second-strike capability. Two arms control proposals, one

1985-01-01

70

Optimization in solar heating/photovoltaic systems. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis is a design of an alternative system which may provide heating to the Naval Postgraduate School swimming pool. Particularly, it is a solar heating/photovoltaic system designed for a better efficiency and less cost of installation and maintenance. Principles of heat transfer, control and fluid dynamics theory are used for the determination of this heating system elements. The feasibility of its installation and use is analyzed.

Vourazelis, D.G.

1990-12-01

71

Intermediate-term forecasting techniques for management. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

In this thesis autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) forecasts are made for the prices of a variety of commodities one year into the future in an attempt to determine if improved budget accuracy is possible for small businesses dependent upon commodities for the production of goods or services. An average forecast error of less than 7% is obtained using commonly available ARIMA computer software employable on inexpensive microcomputers. It is concluded small businesses can affordably obtain more accurate commodity price budgets through the use of ARIMA forecasts.

Herring, D.L.

1984-06-01

72

Intelligence database support for Naval arms control. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The database contained in this thesis was put together from unclassified sources. It is stored on computer disk using the Lotus 123 software program and is easily updated and manipulated. This database was created to provide support to U.S. Naval arms control negotiators in the event that the Navy is forced to the negotiating table. This thesis does not advocate naval arms control. However, given the current political climate it is prudent to be prepared for such an eventuality. This assessment utilizes a methodology for determining excess naval forces of the Soviet Union that would be targetable in arms control talks. In order to quantify the excess, we constructed a Soviet naval model that would be adequate to meet Soviet security goals under 'defensive defense' doctrine. Our goal was not to present the Soviet Union with a plan of action but to come up with a reasonable estimate of what their force structure is likely to resemble. Again, it is the methodology which is important here, as specific numbers can easily be changed using the Lotus program to account for classified information or changing developments.

Shirer, R.H.

1991-12-01

73

Understanding the economic power of oil. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Oil has become a single global market in which oil price fluctuations now have the ability to rock the world economy. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the changing nature of this threat and by doing so, show that Saudi Arabia, which has acted as the primary stabilizing tool by American foreign policy makers, will no longer suffice in this capacity. Rather, Saudi Arabia, which has for the most part cooperated with the United States in helping to stabilize oil price and supply disruptions, will become increasingly less cooperative in a much shorter time frame than night be anticipated with regard to oil supplies. This thesis proposes possible avenues for US national security policy by exploring pathways that might further ensure economic security and stability of the Middle East region in light of the new nature of the oil threat. The goal of economic security and stability can only be realized through an understanding of the oil producing nations and their relationships with the international community and world economy.... Oil, Persian Gulf Security Policy, Middle East Oil Reserves.

Belanger, J.C.

1992-12-01

74

Expert system for tutoring intelligence analysts. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Intelligent Computer Aided Instruction (ICAI) allows a computer to perform some of the functions normally performed by a human instructor. This thesis describes the design and implementation of an ICAI system which presents radar principles to a student, tests him, finds out why he made an error, and then corrects the error. To allow the system to be used for different subject domains, the knowledge required to teach was kept separate from the knowledge about the subject domain. During the design phase, the knowledge about teaching was partitioned into eight knowledge bases, the functions of these knowledge bases were described, and their interactions with one another were shown. During the implementation phase, each knowledge base was developed separately before being integrated into the system. Of these eight knowledge bases, the knowledge base that tests the student received the major emphasis. This knowledge base generates a multiple-choice question, finds the answer, and creates plausible incorrect answers to serve as distractors. Although the radar range equation was used to test this knowledge base, this knowledge base performs the same functions with any equation which is entered into the system in its canonical form. Although this thesis establishes the framework for an ICAI system and then demonstrates its feasibility, further research is required before the system can be used in an actual training environment.

Melvin, R.O.

1986-06-01

75

Electronic Thesis Initiative: Pilot Project of McGill University, Montreal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To set up a protocol for electronic thesis and dissertation (ETD) submission for the electronic thesis initiative pilot project at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. Design/methodology/approach: An electronic thesis and dissertation submission protocol was implemented and tested. To test authoring tools, we had 50 students submit…

Park, Eun G.; Zou, Qing; McKnight, David

2007-01-01

76

The conditionality of the substitution thesis on type of urban economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies on the substitution thesis in advanced economies show scattered results: the impact of immigration on the wages and unemployment of lower-educated natives and immigrants varies strongly. In both studies on the substitution thesis itself, as well as studies on the unequal development of urban economies in post-industrialism, there are suggestions that this is because the substitution thesis is conditional

Waal van der J

2009-01-01

77

Using abstraction in explicity parallel programs. Doctoral thesis  

SciTech Connect

It is well-known that writing parallel programs that are both fast and correct is significantly harder than writing sequential ones. In this thesis we introduce a transition-based approach to the design and implementation of parallel programs. This approach is aimed at applications whose complex data and control structures make them hard to parallelize by conventional means. It is based on a programming model with explicit parallelism, and it incorporates data and process parallelism within a uniform framework. The transition-based approach addresses the problem of program synthesis by breaking the development process into four distinct phases, each with explicit correctness and performance requirements. Module interfaces are well-defined so that rigorous correctness arguments can be made when desired. Application-specific scheduling is used to enhance performance, and significant performance tuning of the scheduler can be done in the last phase of development.

Yelick, K.A.

1991-07-01

78

Estimation of Areal Soil Water Content through Microwave Remote Sensing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis the use of microwave remote sensing to estimate soil water content is investigated. A general framework is described which is applicable to both passive and active microwave remote sensing of soil water content. The various steps necessary to estimate areal soil water content are discussed through literature review, laboratory experimental results and results of extensive field experimental

Oevelen van P. J

2000-01-01

79

Complexity, universality and intermediate degrees  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a philosophical account of complexity versus universality. It seems sustainable to equate universal systems to complex systems or at least to potentially complex systems. Post's problem on the existence of (natural) intermediate degrees (between decidable and universal ?01) then finds its analog in the Principle of Computional Equivalence (PCE). In this abstract we address possible driving forces -if any- behind PCE. Both the natural aspects as well as the cognitive ones are investigated. We postulate a principle GNS that we call the Generalized Natural Selection principle that together with the Church-Turing thesis is seen to be equivalent in a sense to a weak version of PCE.

Joosten, Joost J.

2012-09-01

80

7 CFR 3402.6 - Overview of the special international study and/or thesis/dissertation research travel allowance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the special international study and/or thesis/dissertation research travel allowance...the special international study and/or thesis/dissertation research travel allowance...considered for a special international study or thesis/dissertation research travel...

2009-01-01

81

7 CFR 3402.6 - Overview of the special international study and/or thesis/dissertation research travel allowance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the special international study and/or thesis/dissertation research travel allowance...the special international study and/or thesis/dissertation research travel allowance...considered for a special international study or thesis/dissertation research travel...

2010-01-01

82

Effect of electron-density gradients on propagation of radio waves in the mid-latitude trough. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Partial contents of this thesis include: (1) Radio-wave propagation and the mid-latitude trough; (2) Ionospheric measurements; (3) Modification of time-dependent ionospheric model output with latitudinal electron-density profiles from digisonde trough depictions; (4) Ray-tracing simulations to examine ground range; and (5) Effects of three-dimensional gradients in electron density on radio-wave propagation in the trough region. Data is tabulated for geophysical conditions, solar activity level, geomagnetic activity level, conditions for vertical ray refraction to surface, and ray-tracing fixed-input conditions.

Citrone, P.J.

1991-01-01

83

Nuclear proliferation: Lessons learned from the Iraqi case. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear weapons inspection regime implemented in Iraq following the United Nations coalition victory in Desert Storm is the most intrusive in history. Important conclusions about the current non-proliferation regime can therefore be determined from a study of Iraq's progress. This thesis examines Iraq's efforts to acquire nuclear weapons. The supply side of the equation is also studied, with a concentration upon the contributions of NATO nations. The strategic culture of Iraq is discussed, in an effort to discover why Iraq sought nuclear weapons. Finally, policy prescriptions are advanced. The current non-proliferation regime needs to be improved if the spread of nuclear weapons is to be halted, or even slowed. The most promising way to improve this regime is to involve the U.N. Special Commission and the U.N. Security Council in the management of the problem of nuclear proliferation.... Iraq, Strategic culture, Non-Proliferation treaty, International atomic energy agency, Nuclear weapons, Middle east security, Nuclear suppliers group, United Nations.

Dixon, T.A.

1992-12-01

84

Large bilateral reductions in superpower nuclear weapons. Doctoral thesis  

SciTech Connect

Two alternative states with arms control agreements with significant verification provisions are examined. The first, minimum deterrence, reduces each superpowers nuclear weapons to a few hundred each and prohibits strategic defense. The second, zero-nuclear-weapons deterrence, abolishes deployed nuclear weapons; but, the superpowers maintain the capability to assemble and deploy a few hundred nuclear weapons on short notice. Strategic defense is encouraged to decrease the incentive to violate the arms control agreements. The three states are considered the initial conditions and four analyses are performed: potential attack (either a false alarm, an accidental attack, or an intentional attack) stability, major superpower crisis stability, arms procurement stability (the incentives to procure weapons which, although not in violation of the arms control agreements, may be destabilizing), and arms control stability (the incentives to violate the agreements). The thesis results provide insight into strategic behavior in the current and the two alternative states. First, the current and the zero-nuclear-weapons states are generally more stable than minimum deterrence. Second, the effects of uncertainty on procurement decision-making are relatively minor, and, therefore, the value of information is not large. Third, the strategic defense assumption for each state is very important.

Parnell, G.S.

1985-07-01

85

Soviet concepts of ballistic missile defense. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis characterizes the Soviet concept of ballistic missile defense (BMD) in order to better understand and predict future Soviet BMD decision making. The Soviet concept of BMD is fundamentally different from that in the West. Soviet BMD is clearly an integral component of a much larger Soviet strategic defense effort which consists of strategic air defense as well as passive measures, such as mobility, deep underground command and control facilities, and civil defense. As the Soviet military literature demonstrates, Soviet strategic air defense encompasses defense against a continuum of threats -- from aircraft to ballistic missiles to satellites to 'space-strike weapons'. Soviet strategic air defense weapons therefore appear optimized to counter a wide range of airborne threats. In the Soviet view, surface-to-air missiles may be a primary tactical BMD weapon. Additionally, Soviet strategic BMD weapons may be a primary Soviet anti-satellite weapon. Furthermore, manned space platforms play a particularly significant role in Soviet thinking about the future of BMD and space warfare.

Seavey, K.P.

1988-06-01

86

Economic model for seaborne oil trade. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis aims to provide some insights as to how oil prices and oil flows might vary with the carrying capacity of the tanker fleet as affected by political events. It provides an econometric analysis of tanker freight rates in the modern era and proposes a mathematical (quadratic) programming economic model that links the crude oil market to the supply elasticity of the world oil tanker fleet based on a competitive economy. The economic model can be considered as a version of the Walras-Cassel general-equilibrium system which possesses an economically meaningful equilibrium solution in terms of oil prices, freight rates and the pattern of oil distribution. The implementation of the model is completed using the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS). The study concludes with a scenario study showing how the model could be used to examine the importance of South East Asia`s sealanes in world seaborne oil trade. The model shows the economic vulnerability of oil importing nations, especially Japan, the United States, and Western Europe, to a possible closure of South East Asian sealanes.

Kian-Wah, H.

1996-03-01

87

Electronic thesis initiative: pilot project of McGill University, Montreal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To set up a protocol for electronic thesis and dissertation (ETD) submission for the electronic thesis initiative pilot project at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An electronic thesis and dissertation submission protocol was implemented and tested. To test authoring tools, we had 50 students submit their theses or dissertations using one of four style sheets. Word-processed

Eun G. Park; Qing Zou; David McKnight

2007-01-01

88

Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography for Glaucoma (An AOS Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a rapidly evolving, robust technology that has profoundly changed the practice of ophthalmology. Spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT) increases axial resolution 2- to 3-fold and scan speed 60- to 110-fold vs time domain OCT (TD-OCT). SD-OCT enables novel scanning, denser sampling, and 3-dimensional imaging. This thesis tests my hypothesis that SD-OCT improves reproducibility, sensitivity, and specificity for glaucoma detection. Methods OCT progress is reviewed from invention onward, and future development is discussed. To test the hypothesis, TD-OCT and SD-OCT reproducibility and glaucoma discrimination are evaluated. Forty-one eyes of 21 subjects (SD-OCT) and 21 eyes of 21 subjects (TD-OCT) are studied to test retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measurement reproducibility. Forty eyes of 20 subjects (SD-OCT) and 21 eyes of 21 subjects (TD-OCT) are investigated to test macular parameter reproducibility. For both TD-OCT and SD-OCT, 83 eyes of 83 subjects are assessed to evaluate RNFL thickness and 74 eyes of 74 subjects to evaluate macular glaucoma discrimination. Results Compared to conventional TD-OCT, SD-OCT had statistically significantly better reproducibility in most sectoral macular thickness and peripapillary RNFL sectoral measurements. There was no statistically significant difference in overall mean macular or RNFL reproducibility, or between TD-OCT and SD-OCT glaucoma discrimination. Surprisingly, TD-OCT macular RNFL thickness showed glaucoma discrimination superior to SD-OCT. Conclusions At its current development state, SD-OCT shows better reproducibility than TD-OCT, but glaucoma discrimination is similar for TD-OCT and SD-OCT. Technological improvements are likely to enhance SD-OCT reproducibility, sensitivity, specificity, and utility, but these will require additional development.

Schuman, Joel S.

2008-01-01

89

Laboratory simulations of polar stratospheric clouds. Ph.D. Thesis  

SciTech Connect

Polar stratospheric clouds (PSC`s) play a key role in stratospheric ozone depletion, making it important to understand their composition, formation and trace gas interactions. Observations of PSC`s have revealed two distinct particle populations, dubbed PSC I and II. PSC II are made up of particles of water ice, and PSC II formation can be predicted with a knowledge of ice vapor pressure at the low temperatures typical of the polar stratosphere (below 200 K). This thesis presents new measurements of ice vapor pressure at temperatures between 170 and 250 K, extending the range of measured ice vapor pressures by three orders of magnitude. A simple empirical vapor pressure equation is derived which permits prediction of vapor pressures between 170 K and the triple point of water, with an accuracy of about 2 percent. Particles that comprise type I PSC are thought to be nitric acid trihydrate, or NAT. However, recent observations of PSC I particles reveal discrepancies with laboratory data on NAT. To better understand the actual growth of PSC I particles, mixtures of water and nitric acid vapor were condensed under conditions of temperature and pressure which approximated the polar stratosphere more closely than in past studies. The resulting solids contained significantly less HNO3 than that expected of NAT, and showed considerable HNO3 supersaturation with respect to NAT. These measurements provide evidence of a previously unreported compound, nitric acid pentahydrate, which may help explain recent Arctic PSC observations. Hydrogen chloride (HCl) may react on PSCs to liberate ozone depleting chlorine, making it important to understand PSC-HCl interactions. Past investigations into the HCl-H2O-HNO3 system, however, have yielded inconsistent results. The experiments described herein measured the bulk HCl solubility in ice, NAT, and in mixtures of nitric acid and water which may also exist in the stratosphere.

Marti, J.J.

1993-01-01

90

Russian military in the year 2000. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the use of content analysis, this paper attempts to paint a picture of the Russian military in the year 2000 and its impact on the US national security strategy. The research begins by defining the origin of Russian national security policy and how that translates into military policy and doctrine. A framework for evaluating Russian military doctrines is provided

J. F. McIlmail; J. L. Jaworski

1992-01-01

91

Content Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a If you ask Drupal developers what the most powerful feature of Drupal is, many will say it’s Drupal’s ability to create custom\\u000a content types. What is a content type? Think of a content type as a template that you provide to users who author content\\u000a on your site. You may decide that the standard content types that come with Drupal

Todd Tomlinson

92

Indo-Pakistani nuclear issue: A US policy perspective. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines U.S. nonproliferation policy and the problem of nuclear proliferation in India and Pakistan. Its central hypothesis is that the end of the Cold War has created an opportunity to advance U.S. nonproliferation interests and work with both India and Pakistan to reduce the threat of a nuclear confrontation on the Indian Subcontinent. The thesis assesses both the

1992-01-01

93

Supporting the Thesis Writing Process of International Research Students through an Ongoing Writing Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evidence from research suggests writing support is particularly needed for international research students who have to tackle the challenges of thesis writing in English as their second language in Western academic settings. This article reports the development of an ongoing writing group to support the thesis writing process of international…

Li, Linda Y.; Vandermensbrugghe, Joelle

2011-01-01

94

The Focus of Supervisor Written Feedback to Thesis/Dissertation Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written feedback on drafts of a thesis or dissertation is arguably the most important source of input on what is required or expected of thesis-writing students by the academic community. Despite its importance, relatively little is known about what type of information supervisors focus on when giving feedback. This article presents the findings…

Bitchener, John; Basturkmen, Helen; East, Martin

2010-01-01

95

Research Survival Skills: Preparing a Master's Thesis, Field Project or Doctoral Dissertation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is intended to give graduate level special education students (and others) a structure to facilitate completion of a field study/thesis for a master's degree or a dissertation for the doctorate. First, a format for a dissertation/thesis proposal is suggested and guidelines are offered for development of the proposal. The importance of…

Pedron, Nadine A.; Evans, Susan B.

96

Strategies for Finding and Selecting an Ideal Thesis or Dissertation Topic: A Review of Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Choosing an ideal master's thesis or doctoral dissertation topic is probably one of the most important decisions students will make while in graduate school. Some graduate students may spend a year or even longer looking for potential topics before finally selecting one for their thesis or dissertation. There are a number of successful strategies…

Lei, Simon A.

2009-01-01

97

The "Progress of Language" Thesis: Its Relevance for the Development of Readers and Writers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|E. D. Hirsch's "Philosophy of Composition" (in press) reintroduces to communication theorists the "progress of language" thesis first developed, by Henry Bradley and Otto Jespersen around 1900, in the context of oral language. The thesis states that languages--English in particular--tend to become more simplified and flexible over time. This…

Sulzby, Elizabeth

98

"Breaking the Mold" in the Dissertation: Implementing a Problem-Based, Decision-Oriented Thesis Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers lessons from an initiative refashioning the doctoral thesis in an education leadership program. The program serves a practitioner clientele; most are teachers and administrators. The new model for the thesis emphasizes leadership, problem solving, decision making, and organizational improvement. The former model was a…

Archbald, Doug

2010-01-01

99

Source Text Reuse in Engineering Thesis and Dissertation Literature Reviews: A Comparison [Transcript  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using random samples of 125 engineering master's theses and 125 doctoral dissertations from the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database, the author conducted 30 Google searches of random seven word strings from the literature review sections for each thesis\\/dissertation, looking for textual matches to scholarly sources. The author then did a statistical comparison for significance between the thesis and dissertation data

Eckel Edward J

2012-01-01

100

Source Text Reuse in Engineering Thesis and Dissertation Literature Reviews: A Comparison [PowerPoint Presentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using random samples of 150 engineering master's theses and 150 doctoral dissertations from the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database, the author conducted 30 Google searches of random seven word strings from the literature review sections for each thesis\\/dissertation, looking for textual matches to scholarly sources. The author then did a statistical comparison for significance between the thesis and dissertation data

Eckel Edward J

2012-01-01

101

Preventing ballistic missile proliferation: Lessons from Iraq. Master`s thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines the case of Iraq to assess the performance of the missile nonproliferation regime since 1970. By analyzing the methods used by Iraq to obtain missile systems and missile technology, this thesis assesses the ability of the international community to prevent ballistic missile proliferation. Understanding Iraq`s past capabilities as well as its post-war efforts to rebuild weapons programs

Talay

1996-01-01

102

One Size Fits All? Applying the Creative Class Thesis onto a Nordic Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The creative class thesis put forward by Florida [(2002a) The Rise of the Creative Class and How it's transforming Work, Leisure, Community and Everyday Life (New York: Basic Books)] has in recent years been subject to vivid debate and criticism. This article applies the creative class thesis onto a Nordic context in order to examine whether Florida's theory proves fruitful

Kristina Vaarst Andersen; Markus M. Bugge; Hųgni Kalsų Hansen; Arne Isaksen; Mika Raunio

2010-01-01

103

F-layer polar-cap arcs. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Two types of ionospheric anomalies were discovered recently in the polar cap: patches and arcs. Polar-cap arcs are the focus of this study, which seeks correlation between arcs and total election content (TEC) enhancements and amplitude scintillation effects. Simultaneous optical and radio-frequency measurements were taken at Thule AFB and Qanaaq, Greenland, using the All-Sky Imaging Photometer (ASIP) and a specially equipped Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver. Arcs were discovered to produce significant, rapidly varying TEC increases, and small but measurable amplitude scintillation.

Fite, D.D.

1987-09-01

104

Russian military in the year 2000. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Through the use of content analysis, this paper attempts to paint a picture of the Russian military in the year 2000 and its impact on the US national security strategy. The research begins by defining the origin of Russian national security policy and how that translates into military policy and doctrine. A framework for evaluating Russian military doctrines is provided with a chronology of the military reform process and the related doctrinal reforms that has its birth in the 1987 announcement of a defensive-defense. Following from the doctrinal variant framework the new strategic missions of the 1992 draft military doctrine are presented with an analysis that shows they are a clear departure from the past and truly represent a defensive-defense type doctrine. Additionally, a comparison is made with the current military reform ongoing in Russia with the historical precedent of the Russian military reform of 1924-25. A rough outline of the separate branches of the Russian military both present and future is provided based on the ongoing trends in the reform process. This thumbnail sketch of the Russian military then assists in the analysis and conclusion that even after a possible 50% cutback in US military spending, in the year 2000 the Russian military will not pose a threat to US national security. The major caveat to this conclusion is in the realm of nuclear weapons and this issue is therefore discussed in some length....Former Soviet Union, Russia, Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Conventional Forces in Europe treaty (CFE), European Security, New National Security Strategy, Nuclear Weapons, Nuclear Strategy.

McIlmail, J.F.; Jaworski, J.L.

1992-12-01

105

Preventing ballistic missile proliferation: Lessons from Iraq. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examines the case of Iraq to assess the performance of the missile nonproliferation regime since 1970. By analyzing the methods used by Iraq to obtain missile systems and missile technology, this thesis assesses the ability of the international community to prevent ballistic missile proliferation. Understanding Iraq`s past capabilities as well as its post-war efforts to rebuild weapons programs and procurement networks, this thesis provides suggestions for improving the regime`s performance. This thesis finds that (1) prior to 1992, the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) failed in its attempts to prevent proliferation; (2) the existence of the MTCR, while necessary to slow proliferation, is not sufficient to prevent proliferation; and (3) additional enforcement is needed to counter weapons of mass destruction acquisition by resourceful and determined states.

Talay, B.J.

1996-12-01

106

Russian-American cooperation in weapons of mass destruction counterproliferation. Master`s thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines the opportunities and risks associated with a new form of military cooperation between the United States and Russia: joint strategic special operations for counterproliferation contingencies--to seize and secure or to disable or otherwise neutralize weapons of mass destruction (WMD) facilities or WMD-armed terrorists. This thesis compares Russian and U.S. views of the future security environment, looking for

Dabrowski

1996-01-01

107

Economic development in East Asia and a critique of the post-Confucian thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some scholars have put forward what they call a post-Confucian thesis to explain East Asia’s successful economic development.\\u000a The thesis makes two important arguments: first, that Confucianism has enabled East Asian countries to take a different type\\u000a of capitalism and a different path to modernity than did the West; second, that Confucianism has been the source of those\\u000a ethics such

Keedon Kwon

2007-01-01

108

The BeanChannel: Java distributed event model Ph.D. Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis presents a distributed Java event model called BeanChannel. The BeanChannel, targeted mainly for JavaBeans components, combines capabilities of the Java Event Delegation Model, COSS Event Notification Service and the InfoBus. To establish a solid background for introducing the BeanChannel, the first part of the thesis compares CORBA and Java in terms of the underlying object model, security model,

Jan Kleindienst

109

The Effects of Combined Content Enhancements on the Performance of Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students with learning disabilities often have difficulty in secondary content areas. In order to succeed in content areas, teachers need to develop strategies or content enhancements that provide a supportive environment. This thesis discusses the outcomes of a study that used an urban high school resource room geography class to determine the…

Stacey, Julie

110

Lifestyle, medical, and socio-structural content in the portrayal of heart disease in the print media  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis, l examined how cardiovascular disease (CVD) is portrayed in magazines. Analyses of health in the mass media provide insight into the messages that society receives on areas such as disease, wellness, medicine, illness prevention, and health-promoting and health-damaging lifestyles. In this thesis, l reviewed literature on health promotion, population health, and mass media. Through content analysis I

Christina Jane Fuller

2002-01-01

111

Application of a neptune propulsion concept to a manned mars excursion. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

NEPTUNE is a multimegawatt electric propulsion system. It uses a proven compact nuclear thermal rocket, NERVA, in a closed cycle with a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator to power a magnetoplasmadynamic (MPD) thruster. This thesis defines constraints on an externally sourced propulsion system intended to carry out a manned Martian excursion. It assesses NEPTUNE's ability to conform to these constraints. Because an unmodified NEPTUNE system is too large, the thesis develops modifications to the system which reduce its size. The result is a far less proven, but more useful derivative of the unmodified NEPTUNE system.

Finley, C.J.

1993-04-01

112

Surviving Your Dissertation: A Comprehensive Guide to Content and Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The completion of a master's thesis or doctoral dissertation requires discipline, independent initiative, creative thinking, working with others, and the surmounting of self-doubt. This book attempts to facilitate the dissertation process for students. This book is organized around the themes of content and process. The first part of this book…

Rudestam, Kjell Erik; Newton, Rae R.

113

Analysis of Implementation Issues for the Searchable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) in Navy Education and Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The thesis research examines the emergence of Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) architecture currently under development by the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) initiative established by the Department of Defense (DoD). SCORM is a collect...

R. L. Anderson J. L. Granado

2003-01-01

114

India`s nuclear weapons posture: The end of ambiguity. Master`s thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines the future of India`s nuclear weapons posture. Since testing a nuclear device in 1974, India been able to produce weapons material within its civilian nuclear power program. Despite having this nuclear weapons capability, India prefers to maintain an ambiguous nuclear posture. New pressures in the post-cold war era -- the loss of the Soviet Union as a

1996-01-01

115

Origin and evolution of US Naval strategic nuclear policy to 1960. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis treats the impact of the atomic bomb on traditional naval strategy as that strategy had developed under the influence of Captain Alfred T. Mahan, how traditional naval strategy was modified by the development of naval aviation, the lessons of World War II, and the leadership of James Forrestal, and how the adoption of atomic weapons into naval strategic

Kreitlein

1986-01-01

116

The Experienced Meaning of Working with a PhD Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a variation in terms of how researchers perceive the nature of research work. Previous research has mainly looked at the members of academia who already have established themselves in the scholarly community. We aimed at exploring the ways in which doctoral students perceived their thesis project and further, the relations of such perceptions to well-being and study engagement.

Jenni Stubb; Kirsi Pyhältö; Kirsti Lonka

2011-01-01

117

The Experienced Meaning of Working with a PhD Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a variation in terms of how researchers perceive the nature of research work. Previous research has mainly looked at the members of academia who already have established themselves in the scholarly community. We aimed at exploring the ways in which doctoral students perceived their thesis project and further, the relations of such perceptions to well-being and study engagement.

Jenni Stubb; Kirsi Pyhältö; Kirsti Lonka

2012-01-01

118

Development of an Air Force Facilities Energy Information System. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is some doubt about whether or not Air Force Civil Engineering personnel, who are responsible for the planning, construction, operation, and maintenance of all Air Force facilities, have the proper background information to cope with the current energy crisis. This thesis analyzes the results of a survey of over 500 Civil Engineering officers and equivalent civilians on the subject

D. F. Manchester; R. L. Schuldt

1978-01-01

119

The Green Party of Canada in political space and the new middle class thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first academic survey of the members of the Green Party of Canada (GPC) is analysed, and major findings in green literature are discussed. It is shown that the new middle class thesis and Eckersley's education theory do apply to Canadian Greens. The supporters of GPC and other political parties in Canada, Europe and Australia are compared. GPC has more

Cara Camcastle

2007-01-01

120

Soviet Nordic nuclear-weapon free-zone proposal. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines the Soviet proposal and its ramifications for the United States and the West. The central theme running through each Soviet proposal has been removal of American nuclear guarantees. Preservation of US national security interests and hence US ability to extend its forward defense would be gravely threatened by such a NWFZ. However, unilateral agreement on a NWFZ

Lumsden

1990-01-01

121

Reading in Preparation for Writing a PhD Thesis: Case Studies of Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper presents stories of how a group of doctoral students chose the key disciplinary literature that they read in preparation for their thesis-undertaking (RT). The stories were analyzed in light of current understanding of literature reviewing as a situated practice and theory of doctoral education as socio-cognitive apprenticeship. As the…

Kwan, Becky S. C.

2009-01-01

122

The Experienced Meaning of Working with a PhD Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a variation in terms of how researchers perceive the nature of research work. Previous research has mainly looked at the members of academia who already have established themselves in the scholarly community. We aimed at exploring the ways in which doctoral students perceived their thesis project and further, the relations of such…

Stubb, Jenni; Pyhalto, Kirsi; Lonka, Kirsti

2012-01-01

123

Senior Thesis Camp: Partnerships in Practice at the University of Notre Dame  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article describes the process of developing a week long thesis camp for seniors in the College of Arts and Letters at the University of Notre Dame. The library and other university groups worked together to provide the students with workshops, ready access to research assistance, and dedicated space to work on their theses. This inaugural…

Smith, Cheri; Kayongo, Jessica

2011-01-01

124

The Quality of an Action Research Thesis in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The paper seeks to identify the quality characteristics of critical action research and action research theses compared to traditional research thesis writing. Design/methodology/approach: Drawing on the literature and the authors' experience with supervising and examining action research theses, the paper identifies key problem areas in…

Zuber-Skerrit, Ortrun; Fletcher, Margaret

2007-01-01

125

Testing the Protestant Ethic Thesis with Quantitative Historical Data: A Research Note  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We provide a test of the thesis that Protestantism influenced the development of modern capitalism by using quantitative data from 1500 through 1870. Results show that during this period the percentage of a country's population that is Protestant is unrelated to both its level of per capita GDP and the average rate of its annual growth in per…

Sanderson, Stephen K.; Abrutyn, Seth B.; Proctor, Kristopher R.

2011-01-01

126

Proposal for a longitudinal study to assess the hazards of radiation in space flight. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis involves the establishment of a registry of all United States astronuats, past and future, plus non-astronaut controls. The registry will record the incidences of malignant neoplastic disease and diabetes mellitus, and the space radiation exposure received. Data will be carefully analyzed to see if there is a dose-related increase in these diseases related to the exposure to ionizing

Reeves

1985-01-01

127

Police Responses to Restraining Orders in Domestic Violence IncidentsIdentifying the Custody-Threshold Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present analysis examines the extent to which police officers arrest domestic violence offenders who violate restraining orders. The study develops a theoretical framework, referred to as the custody-threshold thesis, that considers the decision to arrest to be a function of the officers' goals to satisfy one of several purposes of custody. Findings from logistic regression modeling show that restraining-order

ROBERT J. KANE

2000-01-01

128

Nuclear proliferation and Latin American Security: Is the bomb' program dead in Brazil. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis addresses the possibility of a Brazilian hidden agenda in order to support one of the most advanced nuclear research and nuclear power programs in Latin America. From the early 1970s to the late 1980s Brazilian military leaders pursued the development of nuclear weapons. With the emergence of democratic regimes during the 1980s, these covert projects were halted or

De Jesus

1994-01-01

129

Political considerations in developing measures of effectiveness for strategic defense. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis develops a Measure of Effectiveness (MOE) for strategic defenses from open source political literature. The doctrines and strategic nuclear force structures of the United States and the Soviet Union are examined to illuminate the primary challenges to the U.S. system of strategic defense for the protection of U.S. retaliatory nuclear forces (counterforce enhancement). The degree of effectiveness that

Cerwonka

1986-01-01

130

No-first-use: Implications for deterrence, alliance cohesion, and nonproliferation. Master`s thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

While a U.S. no first use declaration might help promote some nuclear nonproliferation goals (for example, gaining a larger international consensus to support an indefinite extension of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty), it could also undermine the credibility of U.S. security commitments and erode alliance cohesion. These developments could, in turn, increase the risk of nuclear proliferation. This thesis identifies and

Espinosa

1994-01-01

131

Increasing the Number of Feminist Scientists: Why Feminist Aims Are Not Served by the Underdetermination Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent feminist philosophers of science have argued that feminist values can contribute to rational decisions about which scientific theories to accept. On this view, increasing the number of feminist scientists is important for ensuring rational and objective theory acceptance. The Underdetermination Thesis has played a key role in arguments for…

Intemann, Kristen

2008-01-01

132

Techniques for Conducting Effective Search Interviews with Thesis and Dissertation Candidates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses interviewing techniques in two steps: determining user's knowledge of and expectations for computerized literature searching, including beginning the interview and dealing with misconceptions, and the search strategy. The figure provided illustrates four stages of a thesis proposal and the related literature search purposes as aids in…

Dommer, Jan M.; McCaghy, M. Dawn

1982-01-01

133

Nuclear proliferation and the stability-instability paradox. Master`s thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis tests the theory that nuclear proliferation might enhance strategic stability by making the use of military force between possessors of nuclear weapons unlikely. It discusses the existing literature on deterrence and nonproliferation, emphasizing the stability-instability paradox. The stability-instability paradox offers an alternative to the optimism of deterrence logic, which views nuclear weapons as a beneficial and stabilizing force,

Barretta

1995-01-01

134

Educational Research. A Guide for Preparing a Thesis or Dissertation Proposal in Education. Fifth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist sutdents in preparing a masters thesis or a doctoral dissertation. Part 1 describes the process of preparing a "mini" dissertation proposal, intended to familiarize the student with the dissertation process early in their doctoral program. Part 2 presents examples of dissertation prosposals for: (1) a laboratory…

Gall, Meredith D.; Borg, Walter R.

135

Diversity in collaborative research communities: a multicultural, multidisciplinary thesis writing group in public health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Writing groups for doctoral students are generally agreed to provide valuable learning spaces for Ph.D. candidates. Here an academic developer and the eight members of a writing group formed in a Discipline of Public Health provide an account of their experiences of collaborating in a multicultural, multidisciplinary thesis writing group. We consider the benefits of belonging to such a group

Cally Guerin; Vicki Xafis; Diana V. Doda; Marianne H. Gillam; Allison J. Larg; Helene Luckner; Nasreen Jahan; Aris Widayati; Chuangzhou Xu

2012-01-01

136

Ph.D. Thesis: Quantum Field Theory and Gravity in Causal Sets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is is a copy of dissertation that I have submitted in defense of my ph.d. thesis, with some minor changes that I have made since then. The goal of the project is to generalize matter fields and their Lagrangians from regular space time to causal sets.

Sverdlov, Roman

2009-05-01

137

China's nuclear agenda and the implications for United States foreign policy. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis covers the history of China's nuclear development and examines the changes in its nuclear policies over the past three decades. It examines the issues of China's nuclear and defense strategies, nuclear and defense policies, arms transfers policies, proliferation policies and its foreign policies. Implications for American foreign policy vis-a-vis China's evolving nuclear status are discussed.

Olmo, E.D.

1993-09-01

138

Response to Hewes's "The Influence of Communication Processes on Group Outcomes: Antithesis and Thesis"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to Professor Hewes's "The Influence of Communication Processes on Group Outcomes: Antithesis and Thesis." The author believes that Hewes could have been more helpful to the reader and to those who are apt to find inspiration in the steps he has taken in his essay to promote a "return to basic theorizing…

Gouran, Dennis S.

2009-01-01

139

The Usefulness of an Intensive Preparatory Course for EAL Thesis Writers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, most Australasian universities have experienced significant increases in numbers of international and new immigrant students, including those enrolling at the graduate level. This article describes a non-credit, intensive course for English as an additional language (EAL) students preparing to undertake a thesis or…

Manalo, Emmanuel

2006-01-01

140

The quality of an action research thesis in the social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper seeks to identify the quality characteristics of critical action research and action research theses compared to traditional research thesis writing. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Drawing on the literature and the authors' experience with supervising and examining action research theses, the paper identifies key problem areas in the literature and suggests effective strategies for meeting these challenges and avoiding

Ortrun Zuber-Skerritt; Margaret Fletcher

2007-01-01

141

Legality of nuclear weapons employment under the international humanitarian law of coercion control. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis analyzes the legality of nuclear weapons employment under international humanitarian law. Factual background data are given on present strategic and tactical nuclear arsenals; nuclear war strategies; targeting categories; and principal effects of nuclear weapons, including types of nuclear explosions and combined effects of multiple nuclear detonations, including the potential for environmental disaster. The legal framework is then set

1987-01-01

142

Market-oriented petroleum industry as a prerequisite to Russian economic security. Master`s thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Russian petroleum industry is facing a critical juncture where expedient reform is necessary immediately. The main focus of this thesis is to account for the primary barriers which hamper the free flow of former Soviet petroleum into international markets and to suggest alternatives to current Russian energy policy. A secondary objective is to scrutinize the United States` foreign policy

Yegge

1995-01-01

143

A Critique and Analysis of the Decline-of-Ideology Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The exponents of the decline-of-ideology thesis have failed to provide a serious analysis of the political, economic, and ideological trends of the period. They were wrong in their predictions that Marxism and radical ideologies would lose their power to motivate. They were also wrong in their predictions that the two great ideological systems were converging. Not only did they fail

George Nikolakakos

1979-01-01

144

Capstone, thesis, or practicum?: the state of the practice in IA education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many graduate programs at institutions offering an Information Assurance (IA) specialization have a capstone, thesis or practicum as one of their last courses. These program terminating courses enable schools to: assess the effectiveness of their program, provide opportunities for experiential learning, and provide closure for students as they complete the program. This project attempted to measure the state of the

Jeffrey Livermore; Kathryn Baker; Virginia Krolczyk; Ann Saurbier

2011-01-01

145

Strategic culture and ballistic missile defense: Russia and the United States. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines U.S. and Russian history and current policy debates to advance understanding of: (1) the strategic cultures of these nations, particularly with respect to BMD policies in the recent past; and (2) whether and how their strategic cultures and approaches to BMD are changing and how that may affect future strategic BMD developments and the status of the

1993-01-01

146

US and Soviet strategic command and control: Implications for a protracted nuclear war. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis addresses the relative ability of the command and control systems of the United States and Soviet Union to support a protracted nuclear war. It covers the development and structure of the command and control organizations used to support the respective National Command Authorities. In discussing these organizations, the various systems supporting the command and control apparatus are also

Lippold

1989-01-01

147

Changes in Modern Psychology: A Citation Analysis of the Kuhnian Displacement Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many psychologists believe a Kuhnian revolution—a competitive event between incommensurate paradigms in which a winner displaces losers after chaotic upheaval—has occurred in psychology. Cognitive psychology is said to be displacing behavioral psychology and psychoanalysis, but few published data support this thesis. Social science citation records from the leading journals in cognitive psychology, behavioral psychology, and psychoanalysis between 1979 and 1988

Patrick C. Friman; Keith D. Allen; Mary Louise E. Kerwin; Robert Larzelere

1993-01-01

148

Time to think? Primary school teacher students reflecting on their MA thesis research processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study is to investigate reflective processes which take place in primary school teacher education, especially when conducting research for a masters thesis and reflecting on that process. Written reflection has been studied widely, but the point of view taken in this research seems to be new. This research seeks to answer two questions: (1) What kind

Katriina Maaranen; Leena Krokfors

2007-01-01

149

Content-based retrieval from image databases using sketched queries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Searching multimedia databases using features extracted from the content is currently an active research area. This thesis presents novel feature extraction approaches for content-based image retrieval when the query image is a hand-drawn black and white sketch. To facilitate robust man-machine interfaces, we accept query images with no color and texture attributes. Special attention is given to the scale and

Abdolah Chalechale

2005-01-01

150

Photonic boson sampling in a tunable circuit.  

PubMed

Quantum computers are unnecessary for exponentially efficient computation or simulation if the Extended Church-Turing thesis is correct. The thesis would be strongly contradicted by physical devices that efficiently perform tasks believed to be intractable for classical computers. Such a task is boson sampling: sampling the output distributions of n bosons scattered by some passive, linear unitary process. We tested the central premise of boson sampling, experimentally verifying that three-photon scattering amplitudes are given by the permanents of submatrices generated from a unitary describing a six-mode integrated optical circuit. We find the protocol to be robust, working even with the unavoidable effects of photon loss, non-ideal sources, and imperfect detection. Scaling this to large numbers of photons should be a much simpler task than building a universal quantum computer. PMID:23258411

Broome, Matthew A; Fedrizzi, Alessandro; Rahimi-Keshari, Saleh; Dove, Justin; Aaronson, Scott; Ralph, Timothy C; White, Andrew G

2012-12-20

151

Canada: the decision to procure nuclear-attack submarines and its significance for NATO. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

In June 1987 the Canadian government announced plans to procure 10 to 12 nuclear attack submarines (SSNs). The evidence suggests that, for some Canadians, a primary purpose for this submarine program may not be to enhance the security of NATO, but instead to assert Canada's sovereignty, principally against the United States, in the Arctic region. The thesis discusses this decision and its possible implications for the security of North America and NATO. It is argued that the United States must continue to have unimpeded access to the Arctic region to counter the ever-increasing threat posed by Soviet nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs). Finally, the thesis suggests a possible solution to the current sovereignty debate and a potential strategy for employing these SNN to enhance the security of North America and NATO as a whole.

Guillory, T.

1988-09-01

152

Current developments and prospects for the future: French security policy in a changing world. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis provides an analysis of the effects of recent historical events on the future of French security policy. The end of the Cold War division of Europe, the rebirth of Germany, the growing pressures for major defense cuts, the calls for France to review its nuclear doctrine, abandon its independent policies and rejoin NATO's integrated military structure, and finally, the lessons of the recent Gulf War, are issues that threaten to divide France in a way that has not occurred in several decades. The fundamental question for the decade of the 1990s is how to, or perhaps whether to, preserve the legacy of national independence and grandeur handed down by former President Charles de Gaulle. The thesis concludes that the Gaullist myth of grandeur and independence can no longer be sustained. French security must now be achieved by strengthening ties with NATO, and building a stronger West European defense posture centered around close Franco-German relations.

Graham, J.M.

1991-06-01

153

Limited war, escalation control, and command, control and communications. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis is an unclassified examination from a Western perspective of the concepts of limited war, and escalation control in the context of nuclear conflict and command, control and communications (C3). Limited war and escalation control are intrinsically related. To better understand the relationships betweenlimited war, escalation control and C3, as applied to the question of protracted nuclear war, this thesis considers strategic control from a cybernetic view, using a widely accepted model for the command and control process. US strategic C3 systems are discussed from the perspective of limiting war and controlling escalation. Requirements such as, a viable National Command Authority, effective command and control, positive/negative control, damage control/assessment, a shared concept of limited war, civil defense, and a mechanism to terminate conflict are presented as necessary to control escalation, thus, limiting war.

Waltensperger, G.M.

1986-03-01

154

Protestant Clergy and the Culture Wats: An Empirical Test of Hunter's Thesis  

PubMed Central

This study instead focuses on culture wars among religious elites—clergy—and tests three aspects of the culture wars thesis: (1) whether cultural wars exist at all among religious elites, (2) whether clergy attitudes are polarized on these issues, and (3) whether religious authority or religious affiliation is more salient in creating culture wars cleavages. Using data from a large random sample of Protestant clergy, we find a substantial amount of engagement in culture wars by all types of Protestant clergy. The amount of polarization is more attributable to views of religious authority (i.e., biblical inerrancy) than to religious tradition. Moreover, polarization among clergy is somewhat more evident on culture wars issues than on other social and political issues. These findings are generally supportive of the culture wars thesis and should help return examinations of culture wars back to where they were originally theorized to be waged: among elites.

Uecker, Jeremy E.; Lucke, Glenn

2013-01-01

155

India`s nuclear weapons posture: The end of ambiguity. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examines the future of India`s nuclear weapons posture. Since testing a nuclear device in 1974, India been able to produce weapons material within its civilian nuclear power program. Despite having this nuclear weapons capability, India prefers to maintain an ambiguous nuclear posture. New pressures in the post-cold war era -- the loss of the Soviet Union as a strategic ally, the indefinite extension of the nuclear nonproliferation treaty, the rise of Hindu nationalism, and India`s growing participation in the global economy -- have the potential to derail India`s current nuclear policy. This thesis identifies the domestic and international pressures on India, and assesses the prospects for India to retain its ambiguous policy, renounce the nuclear option, or assemble an overt nuclear arsenal.

Davis, S.D.

1996-12-01

156

A Cross-Country Study on Research Students' Perceptions of the Role of Supervision and Cultural Knowledge in Thesis Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents preliminary findings from a research study in Australia, Malaysia and Iran on students' perceptions of the roles of supervisor and student in the production of their thesis and the contribution of their cultural knowledge to thesis development. The 360 respondents who answered an online survey were studying for their Master's…

McGinty, Suzanne Claire; Koo, Yew Lie; Saeidi, Mahnaz

2010-01-01

157

Learning Cultures in Travel and Tourism: A Critique of Manuela du Bois-Reymond's Trendsetter Learner Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article aims to contribute to the discussion surrounding Manuela du Bois-Reymond's important "trendsetter learner" thesis and, in so doing, to join the wider debate about post-compulsory learning cultures. The article outlines the trendsetter learner thesis and then considers recent criticisms that it has attracted. While the author concurs…

Morrison, Andrew

2011-01-01

158

Learning Cultures in Travel and Tourism: A Critique of Manuela du Bois-Reymond's Trendsetter Learner Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to contribute to the discussion surrounding Manuela du Bois-Reymond's important "trendsetter learner" thesis and, in so doing, to join the wider debate about post-compulsory learning cultures. The article outlines the trendsetter learner thesis and then considers recent criticisms that it has attracted. While the author concurs…

Morrison, Andrew

2011-01-01

159

A Cross-Country Study on Research Students' Perceptions of the Role of Supervision and Cultural Knowledge in Thesis Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents preliminary findings from a research study in Australia, Malaysia and Iran on students' perceptions of the roles of supervisor and student in the production of their thesis and the contribution of their cultural knowledge to thesis development. The 360 respondents who answered an online survey were studying for their Master's…

McGinty, Suzanne Claire; Koo, Yew Lie; Saeidi, Mahnaz

2010-01-01

160

Integrated facility for municipal solid waste disposal, electrical generation, and desalination. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary design was completed for a facility that uses municipal solid waste as fuel for generating electricity and cogeneration steam for a seawater desalination unit. An average city of 100,000 population is the basis of the design. The design showed that heat from the combustion of municipal solid waste will provide nearly 2% of per capita electrical power needs and 7% of fresh water requirements. This thesis proposes a new arrangement of known technologies for use in Public Works.

Hanby, G.F.

1995-12-31

161

Vectorized hidden-surface algorithm implemented on the Cray2 supercomputer. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in scientific computing have prompted the need for supercomputer graphics research. These developments include the requirement to visualize large amounts of data processed by the supercomputer, preferably by real-time image generation. Unfortunately, most currently used graphics algorithms are not optimized for vector computers. This thesis involves the design and implementation of a hidden-surface removal algorithm for the Cray-2

Donehower

1988-01-01

162

Slam simulation base escape model using response surface methodology. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis presents a microcomputer-compatible, base escape nuclear-survivability model specifically designed to compute SAC alert aircraft pre-launch survivability. It computes the number of aircraft surviving from single or multiple bases under Sea Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) attack. The FORTRAN model concentrates on simulating the process from alert to take-off. In particular, it models the statistical variability of crew reaction time,

1986-01-01

163

The Jailing of America’s Homeless: Evaluating the Rabble Management Thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors of this article test hypotheses derived from Irwin’s rabble management thesis. The analysis uses data from 47,592 interviews conducted with jailed adults in 30 U.S. cities as part of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring program. Clearly, homeless persons are overrepresented among those arrested and booked into local jails. Bivariate analysis support a fundamental assertion of the rabble management

Kevin M. Fitzpatrick; Brad Myrstol

2011-01-01

164

Triad or Dyad for the 1990's: A balance of reality. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the United States enters the 1990s, it is essential to review the guidance and policies for our force structures. This thesis focuses its discussion on future force structures for the strategic nuclear forces. The U.S. strategic nuclear force structure has been predicated on the concept of a Triad, which consists of three legs, referred to as land-based, sea-based, and

Klepper

1990-01-01

165

Writing a bachelor thesis generates transferable knowledge and skills useable in nursing practice.  

PubMed

Generic skills or transferable skills have been discussed in terms of whether or not skills learned in one context can be transferred into another context. The current study was aimed to explore nurses' self-perceptions of the knowledge and skills they had obtained while writing a Bachelor's thesis in nursing education, their experience of the extent of transfer and utilization in their current work. Responding nurses (N=42) had all worked from 1 to 1.5years after their final examination and had completed a questionnaire that was structured with open-ended questions. Only five nurses reported that they were unable to use any of the knowledge and skills they had obtained from writing a thesis. A majority of the nurses (37/42) could give many examples of the practical application of the skills and knowledge they had obtained. Our findings indicate that writing a thesis as part of an undergraduate degree program plays a major role in the acquisition and development of knowledge and skills which can subsequently be transferred into and utilized in nursing practice. PMID:23141688

Lundgren, Solveig M; Robertsson, Barbro

2012-11-08

166

The pioneer woman's view of migraine: Elizabeth Garrett Anderson's thesis "Sur la migraine".  

PubMed

This is a presentation of a doctoral thesis of 1870. The author was English but the thesis and the examinations were in French. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, usually referred to as E.G.A., was the first woman in Britain to obtain the title of M.D., but not the first in Europe. Nadeshda Prokofevna Suslova, a Russian, received her M.D. in 1867 in Zurich, the most liberal university at that time, soon to be flooded by female students from Russia. E.G.A. had been applying to the few possible European universities but she settled for Paris after the Empress Eugenie had decided that she should be accepted there. This meant that she could succeed without having to be a Paris resident, just by writing a thesis and passing a series of examinations presided over by Paul Broca. This was important as she was already conducting private and dispensary practice, and could not find a locum (she insisted on a woman). E.G.A. had suffered many setbacks, for being a woman, as such being unacceptable in dissection rooms and operating theatres, and generally in a professional career where women were unheard of. She was finally permitted to receive her medical diploma from the Worshipful Society of Apothecaries of London. She wrote about her thesis: "I have chosen Headache as its subject. I had to find a subject which could be well studied without post-mortem observations, of which I can have but very few in either private or dispensary practice; and I wished also to take a large subject, one that demanded some insight into the harmony that exists between the main physiological functions." Marcia Wilkinson (M.W.), who worked in the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital in London for 35 years, heard there of E.G.A.'s thesis on migraine and sent for it from Paris. In 1966 she translated it into English from the original French, being interested both in the subject and in the person of this resolute and lucid woman. When H. Isler found the French thesis in the British Library he intended to translate it but, after discussion, we decided on a joint effort (95% of the translation is by M.W.; very few details were changed, and some footnotes added for better understanding). We think that E.G.A.'s text is a classic, showing profound understanding, sound practical advice, and also, in its theoretical part, the limits of neurophysiological knowledge in Paris when Brown-Sequard was "charge des cours" there. We may add that in her various examinations she had to answer questions, in French, on the use of footprints by the police, the general nature of fishes, toxic fishes, electric fishes, cod liver oil, and the secretion of tears. She earned much applause from the public, which consisted of male French students, and the overt appreciation of Paul Broca, head examiner, and Dr Wurtz, the Dean of the Faculte de Médecine. The impact of her thesis in the 19th century was modest. It appears to be rather marginal in the German literature of the early 20th century, but it has imprinted the management of migraine at the City of London Migraine Clinic in the last thirty years. The importance of nutrition, regular meals, regular habits, the need to supplement analgesics with antiemetics, and the treatment of the attack with rest, and great quantities of hot tea, were certainly related to E.G.A.'s doctrine. The internationally prevailing recommendation to give antiemetics, and then only analgesics, as well as the combination of both in one tablet, may thus be traced back to E.G.A. via the teachings of M.W. and Nat Blau. PMID:10099853

Wilkinson, M; Isler, H

1999-01-01

167

Analysis of the economic effects of U. S. energy-efficiency standards. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to analyze the economic effects of federally mandated energy efficiency standards on the market for appliances. The analytical focal point of this thesis centers on representative studies and Congressional testimony supplemented by current articles and data. The benefits and costs of energy efficiency standard implementation are examined. Economic assumptions and key determinant factors that drive results such as discount rate selection, provide the basis for objective comparison. The findings of this study support the need for Federal intervention in the home appliance market to alleviate economic market failures.

Snellings, P.W.

1991-06-01

168

Environmental regulations: Impact on the United States petroleum exploration and production industry. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

In the past 20 years environmental regulations have progressed from being nearly nonexistent to a main concern in an oil company's activities. This thesis reviews the more significant environmental regulations, focusing on how these regulations have impacted the U.S. oil and gas exploration and production industry. A brief history of each environmental Act is given. Then the current regulations, stemming from these Acts and their amendments, are reviewed. Also, a brief overview of the common wastes generated in the oil and gas exploration and production industry and the waste management practices used to deal with these wastes are discussed. Finally, the economic impacts of these regulations are reviewed.

Hardin, J.L.

1993-12-01

169

Privatization of utilities in government owned housing: A model approach. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examines the option of privatizing electricity and gas utilities, requiring residents of Navy Family Housing (NFH) to pay for all consumption. To assist in the payment, an Utility Housing Allowance (UHA) would be provided to residents based on the average consumption of local Private Sector Housing (PSH) residents. The goal of this thesis is to determine if implementing an UHA would reduce the overall energy consumption in NFH. Specifically, it determines the historical usage of electricity and gas in the Naval Postgraduate School`s La Mesa housing village (LMV) area and the local PSH areas. It then develops forecasting models for both areas to predict the future consumption of utilities, sets a baseline consumption rate for LMV residents, and identifies the savings that would be generated from implementing the UHA program. After validating the forecasting models and comparing costs under the UHA concept, this study concludes that the UHA concept would save approximately $268,300 annually at LMV alone. Additionally, in meeting the Navy`s Year 2005 goal of reducing energy consumption by 30% per square foot, by implementing an UHA concept, the projected savings in LMV alone are approximately 50% per square foot/month. Although the study focuses on LMV, it is assumed that similar energy inefficiencies are being demonstrated in other NFH areas. Therefore, this study provides the necessary steps to conduct comparative analysis in other NFH areas.

Autrey, J.L.

1997-06-01

170

Environmental cost principle: Gone but not forgotten. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis has not focused on the myriad of environmental laws generating costs for government contractors. Compliance with such laws is not beyond the experience of government cost-reimbursement contracting. This thesis has not detailed the alternative to cost reimbursement; i.e., a contribution action against the United States for cleanup costs. Potential contribution action remains an issue when the contamination is related to the performance of a government contract. At the center of this analysis is the efficacy of the draft environmental cost principle. The draft cost principle forced the consideration of the many prickly issues that must someday be resolved. The draft cost principle is unlikely to return in present form. It may be gone, but it should not be forgotten. The environmental cost issues will resurface. Future attempts to address these issues will benefit from the careful consideration of the latest draft environmental cost principle. The core questions to be answered are what would be the impact of the cost principle on the treatment of various environmental costs, and whether such impact is for the good.

Robb, J.L.

1995-09-30

171

[The thesis of judicialization of health care by the elites: medication for mucopolysaccharidosis].  

PubMed

This paper evaluates the hypothesis that the judicialization of medicine for mucopolysaccharidosis in Brazil is an action promoted by economic elites. Previous studies upholding the thesis of judicialization by elites in the case of other types of medication that are more costly for the Unified Health Service are discussed. An analysis of all 196 processes containing information about judicial processes brought to court between February 2006 and December 2010 that ended by determining that the State should provide such medication free of charge to patients was conducted. There is evidence that attorneys' fees were covered by entities interested in the results of judicialization, such as the distributors or pharmaceutical industries. Patients may also be migrating for diagnosis and treatment to university centers that are a benchmark for medical innovation in the country, as the option for public health services is related to their higher technical and scientific capacity. Therefore, the resort to private lawyers, indicators of social exclusion based on the address of patients and the use of public health services, are not adequate class information to corroborate or refute the thesis of judicialization by the elites. PMID:23670386

Medeiros, Marcelo; Diniz, Debora; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa Doederlein

2013-04-01

172

Germany and the future of nuclear deterrence in Europe. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The dissolution of the Soviet Union and the unification of Germany have fundamentally changed the politics of security in Europe. This thesis analyzes German perspectives on the international security environment and offers judgments about the probable future role of nuclear deterrence in European security. The thesis begins with a survey of the role of nuclear deterrence in the security policy of the Federal Republic of Germany during the period prior to reunification in 1989-1990. This is followed by an analysis of German views on the West European nuclear powers: the United Kingdom and France. German views on the U.S. nuclear presence and U.S. commitments to Europe are then examined. German views on nuclear weapons in the former Soviet Union and the potential for proliferation on Europe's periphery complete the survey. For the short term, Germany will not change its present policies regarding nuclear deterrence in Europe. The German nation is likely to remain preoccupied with the re-unification process for several years, and German politicians are not disposed to seek a debate on nuclear deterrence. The Germans generally consider Britain and France incapable of providing adequate nuclear protection for the Federal Republic in the near term. so the Germans will continue to rely on the United States for a nuclear guarantee. Germany, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), NATO Nuclear Policy, Nuclear Deterrence, Deterrence, Transatlantic Security, European Security, New National Security Strategy, Nuclear Weapons. Nuclear Strategy.

Gunning, E.G.

1992-12-01

173

No-first-use: Implications for deterrence, alliance cohesion, and nonproliferation. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

While a U.S. no first use declaration might help promote some nuclear nonproliferation goals (for example, gaining a larger international consensus to support an indefinite extension of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty), it could also undermine the credibility of U.S. security commitments and erode alliance cohesion. These developments could, in turn, increase the risk of nuclear proliferation. This thesis identifies and examines the relevant competing arguments and discusses the implications of a U.S. no first use pledge regarding three issues: deterrence, alliance cohesion, and nuclear nonproliferation. The thesis concludes that adopting a no first use policy would probably prove beneficial only in the short term and only in one respect. The policy might help the United States meet its stated objectives for the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference. The arguments in favor of adopting a no first use pledge fail to adequately consider the possible long term implications, in particular, the risk that this policy could undermine stability in Europe and the integrity of the global nuclear nonproliferation regime. The potential shortcomings of the arguments on both sides of the no first use debate are highlighted. In view of these shortcomings, recommendations are given to help minimize possible negative political and military effects.

Espinosa, P.E.

1994-12-01

174

Redesign and rehost of the BIG-STICK nuclear war-game simulation. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The strategic nuclear wargame BIG STICK is a two-sided, interactive, computer simulation used by the Air Command and Staff College to assist students in learning about real-world nuclear war planning. Currently, the simulation is played on the Honeywell H6000 mainframe. Shortcomings of the simulation are the user-hostile environment, a rigid input format. The unforgiving and inflexible user interface, and the fixed file system that makes data changes and program enhancements difficult. The purpose of this thesis effort was to redesign and rehost the BIG STICK simulation to the Zenith Z-158 classroom microcomputers. Game sites, fixed and controlled force assets, expected value probabilities, and exercise constraints are now stored in a relational data base designed using the entity-relationship (E-R) model. The user interface was redesigned using general user-friendly program principles and guidelines to provide a screen-oriented environment for students to enter force selection, deployment, targeting, and employment inputs. Reports reflecting the results of student inputs were designed and developed as part of the interface using the PC INGRESS data-base-management system. The actual game-play portion of the simulation was designed using top-down, hierarchical decomposition. Implementation of the design into program code is not included in the scope of this thesis.

Kalili, R.M.

1988-12-01

175

[Albert Schweitzer's MD thesis on Criticism of the medical pathographies on Jesus].  

PubMed

The prominent philosopher, theologian, physician, musicologist and organ soloist Albert Schweitzer (14. 1. 1875-4. 9. 1965) submitted his MD thesis Kritik der von medizinischer Seite veröffentlichten Pathographien uber Jesus (Criticism of the medical pathographies on Jesus) in 1913. Very soon he published this work under the title Die psychiatrische Beurteilung Jesu. Darstellung und Kritik (The psychiatric evaluation of Jesus. Description and criticism) in order to reach a broader audience. Schweitzer's explicit motive for selecting this topic was to influence the theological debate by means of a M. D. thesis on psychiatric pathographies on Jesus. He was confronted with a lot of reproaches. These reproaches contended that his theological opinions had been supporting tendencies to describe Jesus as a mentally ill person or a religious fanatic. In addition, some authors of pathographies on Jesus (De Loosten, Binet-Sanglé, Hirsch, Rasmussen) characterized Jesus as mentally ill, suffering from paranoia. Schweitzer intended to reject the reproaches considering himself and the postulates of the authors of the pathographies. Schweitzer combined in a transdisciplinary way theological, psychiatric and psychopathological arguments. He did this in a very convincing way. Although Schweitzer did not deal with a central or explicit psychiatric question, he implicitly postulated transdisciplinary approaches for proper retrospective pathographies on historic persons. At the age of thirty, Schweitzer decided to finish his academic career and to begin studies in medicine as a preparation for work as a physician in Africa. This decision provoked much lack of understanding in his personal environment. Therefore it may be possible that a very personal motive contributed to the selection of the topic of the MD thesis. Among psychiatric authorities, Albert Schweitzer's interest in the criticisms of psychiatric pathographies and his transdisciplinary approach to this topic encountered rather criticism from a positivistic point of view than understanding. As a reaction to this, Schweitzer postulated some fundamental positions regarding the cultural or social responsibility of science and regarding the interdisciplinary cooperation within the universitas litterarum. These positions precede the way Albert Schweitzer is reconsidered as author in cultural studies and ethicist. The fact that this happened immediately before the beginning of the WWI may show his farsightedness. PMID:20509445

Seidel, Michael

2009-01-01

176

Analysis of the asbestos permissible-exposure-level threshold standard. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examines the reasoning of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) decision to set stringent exposure levels for airborne asbestos in the work place. Technical recommendations from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the Bureau of Mines, and the American conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists were presented to OSHA for consideration. OSHA and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) set industry standards for permissible exposure levels (PEL) of airborne asbestos. Exposure to asbestos poses a health hazard to workers, their families, and consumers of asbestos products. Because it poses an unreasonable risk human life, OSHA has repeatedly lowered the Permissible Exposure Levels and the EPA will ban the manufacture, importation, processing and commercial distribution of asbestos containing products from the United States in phases by 1997. These decisions may have been made too hastily because of the long latency (15-40 years) period before cancer develops, and the added risks that smoking imposes.

Peterson, M.W.

1991-06-01

177

Processing and superplasticity in lithium-containing Al-Mg alloys. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The refined microstructures and superplastic properties resulting from controlled thermomechanical processing of an aluminum-magnesium-lithium-zirconium alloy were evaluated. The processing involved warm rolling at 300 C separately to true strains of 1.9 and 2.6. Increasing the rolling strain enhanced the superplastic ductility of the alloy at 300 C. Elongations in excess of 500 percent without cavitation, and a corresponding strain rate sensitivity coefficient of approximately 0.5, were obtained. TEM investigations of the microstructural characteristics responsible for the mechanical behavior revealed that a more uniformly refined grain structure (2-5 micrometer) evolved by continuous recrystallization in material experiencing the larger rolling strain. It was also concluded that the increase in rolling strain enhances grain refinement both preceding and concurrent with superplastic deformation. Keywords: Superplasticity, Superplastic deformation, Thermomechanical processing, Thesis.

Sanchez, B.W.

1987-03-01

178

Safety in petroleum movement: Is enough being done to protect the environment. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis is an investigation to identify whether sufficient efforts are being taken to provide the highest possible safety in petroleum movement. Current practices and on going initiatives for spill prevention and cleanup are identified. From these efforts, overall trends in spills have been identified. The small percentage of oil spilled, compared to the amount transferred is examined; in addition, long term impact on the environment is analyzed. It is concluded that oil spills are inevitable no matter how much effort is exerted; they are a part of petroleum movements. However, due to the concerted efforts by industry and government, spills should continue to decline via better prevention, and those spills that do occur will be cleaned up more promptly, with less environmental impact. The author recommends that efforts for oil spill reduction need to continue and require constant management attention. In addition, specific recommendations for the oil spill program are also included.

Bialas, B.H.

1991-12-01

179

Nuclear electric generation: Political, social, and economic cost and benefit to Indonesia. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

Indonesia, the largest archipelagic country with a population the fourth biggest in the world, is now in the process of development. It needs a large quantity of energy electricity to meet the industrial and household demands. The currently available generating capacity is not sufficient to meet the electricity demand for the rapidly growing industries and the increasing population. In order to meet the future demand for electricity, new generating capacity is required to be added to the current capacity. Nuclear electricity generation is one possible alternative to supplement Indonesia`s future demand of electricity. This thesis investigates the possibility of developing nuclear electricity generation in Indonesia, considering the political, social, and economic cost and benefit to Indonesia.

Waliyo

1994-12-01

180

Impact of ion propulsion on performance, design, testing and operation of a geosynchronous spacecraft. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis presents the implementation issues of an ion propulsion subsystem (IPS) on a geosynchronous communications satellite. As an example, Ultra High Frequency (UHF) Follow-On class satellite is selected for this study. The issues include: (1) impact of integration of IPS with other subsystems, such as the electrical power subsystem to take care of the heavy demand of power requirements and location of the subsystem with least impact on attitude control and plume impingement on solar arrays, (2) environmental considerations-particulate contamination, electrostatic discharge (ESD), and electromagnetic interference (EMI), and finally risks and benefits. Ion propulsion offers significant advantages over chemical propulsion due to its high specific impulse and the advent of xenon thruster technology, multikilowatt spacecraft, and nickel-hydrogen (Ni-H2) batteries with demonstrated high cycle life have combined to make the ion thruster attractive for North-South Station Keeping (NSSK).

Lugtu, S.D.

1990-06-01

181

Vectorized hidden-surface algorithm implemented on the Cray-2 supercomputer. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments in scientific computing have prompted the need for supercomputer graphics research. These developments include the requirement to visualize large amounts of data processed by the supercomputer, preferably by real-time image generation. Unfortunately, most currently used graphics algorithms are not optimized for vector computers. This thesis involves the design and implementation of a hidden-surface removal algorithm for the Cray-2 vector supercomputer, with the goal of real-time image display. A z-buffer hidden-surface algorithm, written in Pascal, was vectorized and implemented on the Cray-2. Special attention was directed toward the methodology of algorithm and data-structure design to exploit the Cray-2 architecture. Timing studies comparing the vector version to the equivalent scalar version showed that, while tha Pascal vector code produced localized speedups, the vector code was less efficient than the scalar code.

Donehower, R.

1988-12-01

182

US and Soviet strategic command and control: Implications for a protracted nuclear war. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis addresses the relative ability of the command and control systems of the United States and Soviet Union to support a protracted nuclear war. It covers the development and structure of the command and control organizations used to support the respective National Command Authorities. In discussing these organizations, the various systems supporting the command and control apparatus are also covered. This includes the threat warning and attack assessment equipment used to determine strategic and tactical warning and the communications equipment used to alert forces of increased readiness and the conduct of nuclear strikes if required. The technical factors associated with the performance of C3 in a nuclear environment will also be covered. The result is a net assessment of the two command and control systems that highlights the strengths and weaknesses inherent in each. Recommendations to help enhance the United States' position regarding this national security issue are also developed.

Lippold, K.S.

1989-03-01

183

Legality of nuclear weapons employment under the international humanitarian law of coercion control. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis analyzes the legality of nuclear weapons employment under international humanitarian law. Factual background data are given on present strategic and tactical nuclear arsenals; nuclear war strategies; targeting categories; and principal effects of nuclear weapons, including types of nuclear explosions and combined effects of multiple nuclear detonations, including the potential for environmental disaster. The legal framework is then set forth: the sources of humanitarian law (law of war); basic principles of humanitarian law (military necessity, humanity, proportionality, unnecessary suffering, and indiscriminate weapons); sanctions for violations of humanitarian norms; the impact of modern warfare; and a summary of views on the application of humanitarian norms to nuclear weapons. A tripartite analysis of the legality of nuclear weapons use is then made using express international treaty limitations, implied treaty limitations, and limitations from customary humanitarian norms. Pro and con arguments are examined in each area.

Price, R.A.

1987-01-01

184

User-Generated Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pervasive user-generated content takes the traditional idea of user-generated content and expands it off the desktop into our everyday world. The six articles in this special issue give innovative examples of gathering and using such content.

John Krumm; Nigel Davies; Chandra Narayanaswami

2008-01-01

185

Nutrient Content Claims  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Final Rule: Food Labeling; Nutrient Content Claims, Expanded Use of the Nutrient Content Claim, "Lean" January 12, 2007. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

186

Experiment in Using Content Placed on Internet as a Vehicle for Influencing Public Opinion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this thesis we explore the potential for using content placed on the Internet as a vehicle for influencing public opinion. We conducted an experiment with 110 subjects to test whether subtle changes in a headline for a news article, without changing th...

K. Schwab

2003-01-01

187

Correlative comparison of geomagnetic storms and auroral substorms using geomagnetic indeces. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Partial contents include the following: (1) Geomagnetic storm and substorm processes; (2) Magnetospheric structure; (3) Substorm processes; (4) Data description; (5) Geomagnetic indices; and (6) Data period and data sets.

Cade, W.B.

1993-06-01

188

A content analysis of Latina Web content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the digital divide have focused on lack of access to hardware, software, connectivity, and computer skills. Newer studies point to the existence of other factors such as the lack of culturally relevant content. Driven by this issue, this study provides a preliminary map of the “nature” of Web-based content about U.S. Latinas, a community that has traditionally been

Romelia Salinas

2006-01-01

189

PREPARATION OF THE MEDIA STREAMING PROTOCOL FOR LIVE-STREAMING OF MPEG2 CONTENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last years the available bandwidth on the internet and on local area networksincreased significantly. This made the transmission of multimedia content with a higherquality and larger bandwidth requirements possible. Unfortunately, open source codeimplementations of streaming protocols for high quality video sequences are rare.Furthermore, most solutions are optimized for stored multimedia content.The following thesis modified an existing java-based streaming

THOMAS BUCHHOLZ

2000-01-01

190

Nuclear winter and nuclear policy: implications for US and Soviet deterrence strategies. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear weapons were rapidly incorporated into the policies for maintaining the national security objectives of both the Soviet Union and the United States--in spite of poorly understood nuclear-weapons effects. The nuclear winter hypothesis, the basis of which was first proposed in 1982, directed scientific research into the consequences of massive amounts of dust and smoke, from nuclear detonations, on the earth's climate and subsequently on the ecology of the earth. This thesis presents the evolution of the nuclear winter hypothesis in order to elucidate its unique aspects for global devastation and the consensus of plausibility which the hypothesis holds in the scientific community. The hypothesis has aroused a flurry of debate on its implications for nuclear policy. With the historical aspects of the nuclear era as a backdrop, the question of incorporating new scientific information on the consequences of nuclear war into policy is discussed. The observed responses of the U.S. and Soviet Union and the implications for future actions in response to the nuclear winter hypothesis are examined-- leading to the conclusion that the hypothesis will have little or no impact on U.S. and Soviet nuclear policy.

Griffin, G.A.

1987-09-01

191

Entrepreneurial proliferation: Russia`s nuclear industry suits the buyers market. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

The Soviet Union collapsed in December 1991, bringing an end to four decades of the Cold War. A system of tight centralized controls has given way to chaotic freedom and un-managed, entrepreneurial capitalism. Of immediate concern to most world leaders has been the control and safety of over 30,000 Soviet nuclear weapons. After 1991, the Soviet, centralized system of management lost one key structural element: a reliable `human factor` for nuclear material control. The Soviet systems for physical security and material control are still in place in the nuclear inheritor states - Russia, Ukraine, Khazakhnstan, and Belarus - but they do not restrain or regulate their nuclear industry. In the chaos created by the Soviet collapse, the nonproliferation regime may not adequately temper the supply of the nuclear materials of the new inheritor states. This could permit organizations or states seeking nuclear weapons easier access to fissile materials. New initiatives such as the United States Cooperative Threat Reduction program, which draws upon U.S. technology and expertise to help the NIS solve these complex problems, are short-tern tactics. At present there are no strategies which address the long-tern root problems caused by the Soviet collapse.This thesis demonstrates the extent of the nuclear control problems in Russia. Specifically, we examine physical security, material control and accounting regulation and enforcement, and criminal actions. It reveals that the current lack of internal controls make access to nuclear materials easier for aspiring nuclear weapons States.

Whalen, T.D.; Williams, A.R.

1995-06-01

192

Averch-Johnson thesis and the fair rate of return: an exercise in multiobjective programming  

SciTech Connect

The work of Averch and Johnson represents a significant landmark in the theory of regulation. They provided analytical support for the proposition that a monopoly firm subject to rate-of-return regulation may employ an inefficient combination of resources. In this dissertation, a mathematical programming model, namely multiobjective programming, is introduced. It is suggested that reformulation of the original A-J model in terms of this alternative model would improve the decision-making environment of the regulatory agencies. A simplified version of a multiobjective model is then developed to examine the empirical implications of the A-J proposition. A three-input, Hicks-neutral-technical-change, translog production function is adopted for empirical analysis of the production process in the electric-generating industry. The A-J thesis is assumed operative and a log-linear cost is specified in terms of input quantities. By replacing the market cost of capital for the fair-rate-of-return parameter, the fair-rate-to-return constraint is removed from the multiobjective programming model. A series of cost functions, reflecting the cost structure of electric generating units under various market costs of capital, are estimated. These cost functions are minimized subject to some arbitrary levels of production. The results show that there was no factor substitution in the generation of electricity between 1959 and 1963.

Eftedkhari, H.

1985-01-01

193

Preliminary development of a nuclear propulsion officer enlistment supply model. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This study constructs linear forecasting models, for each of the six Navy Recruiting Areas and the Recruiting Command, that attempt to predict future United States Navy Nuclear Propulsion Officer contracts signed in any one of four fiscal year quarters, given estimates of independent supply variables included in the models. The models are developed using stepwise multiple regression analysis with ordinary least squares and are supported by historical data from fiscal years 1981 through 1985. In developing the models, the thesis examines the relationship between the contracts signed in a given quarter and the following supply variables: number of recruiters, annual goals of number of contracts to be signed, military-to-civilian pay ratio, unemployment rate, size of target population (in the form of market share), advertising and marketing costs and seasonal effects, represented by proxy variables. The assumptions of using multiple regression analysis and linear models are examined through a graphical study of the residuals and do not seem to be refuted. Each of the models are corrected for first order autocorrelation. Validation of the forecasting models was attempted by the comparison of predicted contracts signed in a quarter against new contract data obtained for fiscal year 1986. The results of the forecasting comparisons are much worse than expected. Possible causes for the large error percentages in the comparisons are mentioned in this study but not examined in detail.

Serfass, P.T.

1986-09-01

194

Extraction and measurement of multi-level parallelism in production systems. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Production systems provide a flexible and powerful means for expressing and solving problems using high-level reasoning approaches. Unfortunately applications based on the production system paradigm are very compute intensive and therefore execute very slowly on conventional computer architectures. Lack of execution speed therefore limits the use of production systems in many time sensitive and complex tasks. Researchers have demonstrated that increasing the execution speed of production systems through the use of small scale parallel computer architecture is possible, however demonstrated execution speed is still several orders of magnitude below the desired level of performance. Past research indicates that there exists an irrevocable tie between the specific production system application and the level of parallelism inherent in that application. To date, this parallelism has been quantified only in very loose terms based on specific problem decomposition and implementation on a specific parallel architecture. This thesis examines many of the possible approaches to extracting parallelism from production systems and quantifying the level of parallelism in specific applications. This research also investigates previously unexplored aspects of several important decomposition approaches. The software products developed to support this research are Software Tool for Evaluating Parallelism in Production Systems (STEPPS) and a modified version of the C-Language Integrated Production System (CLIPS) called Multi-CLIPS.

Sawyer, G.A.

1990-12-14

195

Systematics of the auroral boundary as indicated by particle precipitation. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examined several ways of grouping data acquired by the DMSP/F7 satellite's electron and ion spectrometers, and used that data to decide the relationship between the latitude of the equatorward boundary of the electron and ion diffuse aurora. The statistical analysis was done with the SPSS computer package and data from the Special Sensor J/4 on board the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F7 (Block 5D) spacecraft. The analytic technique used was bivariate linear regression, with the General Linear Test for the equality of two regression lines being used to compare different regression lines. The analysis of precipitating electrons and ions above the polar regions at about 840 kilometers found that the precipitation at different measured boundaries according to their magnetic local times of occurrence. Three hour wide bins were attempted, and were found to be less desirable than one hour wide bins. It was found that measured boundaries from the two poles can be combined in a single regression line.

Phillips, C.D.

1984-12-01

196

Strategic culture and ballistic missile defense: Russia and the United States. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examines U.S. and Russian history and current policy debates to advance understanding of: (1) the strategic cultures of these nations, particularly with respect to BMD policies in the recent past; and (2) whether and how their strategic cultures and approaches to BMD are changing and how that may affect future strategic BMD developments and the status of the ABM Treaty. The development of BMD strategies, including policies concerning the ABM Treaty, within the framework of the established American and Russian strategic cultures is studied, with due attention to the Soviet experience and legacy in the Russian case. U.S. strategic culture does not seem to have changed significantly with the end of the Cold War, but U.S. BMD priorities have been redefined to reflect a higher priority attached to regional and theater-level defenses. It is apparent that the Soviet experience did have a significant impact on Russian strategic culture. Faced with major changes in its international status, domestic political-military arrangements, and scope of national security concerns, Russian strategic culture is nonetheless moving beyond the old Soviet culture. Future Russian policies regarding the transfer of BMD technology, sharing early warning data, and participating in a global protective system are heavily dependent on domestic political developments. United States, Russia, USSR, Strategic culture, Ballistic missile defense, National strategy, Nuclear strategy, Strategic defense, ABM Treaty, Arms control, Strategic stability.

Becker, M.D.

1993-06-01

197

Market-oriented petroleum industry as a prerequisite to Russian economic security. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

The Russian petroleum industry is facing a critical juncture where expedient reform is necessary immediately. The main focus of this thesis is to account for the primary barriers which hamper the free flow of former Soviet petroleum into international markets and to suggest alternatives to current Russian energy policy. A secondary objective is to scrutinize the United States` foreign policy with respect to the possibility of influencing the augmentation of world petroleum supplies. Preliminary indications suggest that confidence-building measures have been slowly introduced by the Yeltsin administration, but the positive effects have not yet been felt by the petroleum industry. International investment within the Russian petroleum industry has been sluggish at best. Transnational oil companies continue to be reluctant to invest in Russia and the former Soviet Union due to political and economic uncertainty and the high risk of capital loss. The future of the Russian petroleum industry appears promising provided the major barriers (e.g., tax codes, presidential decrees, pipeline construction and maintenance, and capital investment) are directly confronted and not circumvented for political leverage or corrupt economic gains.

Yegge, G.P.

1995-12-01

198

Implementation of a multi-lingual database system - multi-backend database system interface. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The limitations of the traditional Database Management System(DBMS) have become increasingly clear in recent years. Some of these limitations are interface inflexibility for user accesses, mono-lingual restriction in data languages, performance degradations over time, and excessive costs in upgrading. Two complementary approaches to the DBMS design and implementation--the multilingual database system(MLDS) and the multi-backend database system(MBDS)--effectively deal with the limitations of the traditional DBMS approach. MLDS offers a multi-lingual capability to the DBMS environment, thus freeing the user from the limitations and inflexibility of the single-data-model-and-language approach. MBDS, by contrast, is designed to deal with the issues of performance degradation and upgrading costs by providing a parallel-processing capability, and utilizing replicated software and identical hardware for expansion. System upgrades with BDS have been shown to provide an essentially proportional performance gain-to-upgrade-cost ratio. This thesis presents the implementation of an interface between MLDS and MBDS. Specifically, the author presents the procedures which create the template and Descriptor files in MLDS that are required by MBDS. Additionally the integration process tying these two systems together are described.

Holste, S.T.

1986-06-01

199

Magnetic field measurements of the CEBAF (NIST) wiggler using the pulsed wire method. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The Free Electron Laser (FEL) has proven to be a versatile photon source for many applications in science, industry and defense. It is capable of providing wide tunability and high efficiency, but has yet to yield high average power required as a weapon system. The proposed infrared and ultraviolet FELs at the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) have been projected to provide high average power. The first section of this thesis will study the necessity of a FEL for shipboard defense, and state the advantages over other defense systems. The remainder will focus on use of the pulsed wire method for measuring the magnetic field errors of the CEBAF/National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST) wiggler. Data analysis indicates the wiggler will have a net electron beam deflection of x=5.2mm, which is much greater than the electron beam radius of re=0.4mm and the optical mode waist of wo=1mm... Free Electron Laser (FEL), Pulsed Wire Method, High Energy Laser (HEL), Shipboard High Energy Laser, Theater Ballistic Missile Defense (TBMD).

Wallace, S.M.

1992-09-01

200

Development of a fuzzy logic expert system for pile selection. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis documents the development of prototype expert system for pile selection for use on microcomputers. It concerns the initial selection of a pile foundation taking into account the parameters such as soil condition, pile length, loading scenario, material availability, contractor experience, and noise or vibration constraints. The prototype expert system called Pile Selection, version 1 (PS1) was developed using an expert system shell FLOPS. FLOPS is a shell based on the AI language OPS5 with many unique features. The system PS1 utilizes all of these unique features. Among the features used are approximate reasoning with fuzzy set theory, the blackboard architecture, and the emulated parallel processing of fuzzy production rules. A comprehensive review of the parameters used in selecting a pile was made, and the effects of the uncertainties associated with the vagueness of these parameters was examined in detail. Fuzzy set theory was utilized to deal with such uncertainties and provides the basis for developing a method for determining the best possible choice of piles for a given situation. Details of the development of PS1, including documenting and collating pile information for use in the expert knowledge data bases, are discussed.

Ulshafer, M.L.

1989-01-01

201

Study of mid-latitude 5577A CI dayglow emissions. Doctoral thesis  

SciTech Connect

Summary of thesis: The green line (5577angstroms) is a bright, persistent component of the visible airglow. It is produced by an electric quadruple transition from the metastable second excited state (1So) to the first excited state (1D2) of atomic oxygen. These two excited states all lie in the same electron shell of the atom and have the same electron configuration as the ground state of 1s22s22p4, which is the 3P2,1,0. This emission is present in both the daytime and night airglow and in the aurora, and despite a long history of study it is still not fully understood. The emission in the dayglow and the nightglow is relatively homogeneous spatially and global in coverage. In the aurora, the emission is much brighter than the airglow, high structured and very localized being restricted to higher latitudes. The structure of the 5577angstroms emission with altitude and the chemistry responsible for the production of the emission are complex. The vertical structure for the emission has two distinct layers in the airglow each with its own set of production and loss mechanisms. the chemistry for either of these layers is not completely known. The auroral emission is not understood either since it overlaps the upper and lower layer altitudes and it tends to contain some parts of the chemistry of both layers as sources and losses.

Hume, E.E.

1992-01-01

202

New approach for the solution of optimal control problems on parallel machines. Doctoral thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis develops a highly parallel solution method for nonlinear optimal control problems. Balakrishnan's epsilon method is used in conjunction with the Rayleigh-Ritz method to convert the dynamic optimization of the optimal control problem into a static optimization problem. Walsh functions and orthogonal polynomials are used as basis functions to implement the Rayleigh-Ritz method. The resulting static optimization problem is solved using matrix operations which have well defined massively parallel solution methods. To demonstrate the method, a variety of nonlinear optimal control problems are solved. The nonlinear Raleigh problem with quadratic cost and nonlinear van der Pol problem with quadratic cost and terminal constraints on the states are solved in both serial and parallel on an eight processor Intel Hypercube. The solutions using both Walsh functions and Legendre polynomials as basis functions are given. In addition to these problems which are solved in parallel, a more complex nonlinear minimum time optimal control problem and nonlinear optimal control problem with an inequality constraint on the control are solved. Results show the method converges quickly, even from relatively poor initial guesses for the nominal trajectories.

Stech, D.J.

1990-01-01

203

Experimental optimization of cooling-tower-fan control based on field data. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Energy costs continue to play an important role in the decision-making process for building design and operation. Since the chiller, cooling tower fans, and associated pumps consume the largest fraction of energy in a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system, the control of these components is of major importance in determining building energy use. A significant control parameter for the chilled water system is the minimum entering condenser water set point temperature at which the cooling tower fans are cycled on and off, several studies have attempted to determine the optimum value for this minimum set point temperature, but direct measurements are not available to validate these studies. The purpose of this study was to experimentally determine the optimum minimum entering condenser water set point temperature from field data based on minimum energy consumption and to validate a chilled water system analytical model previously developed in earlier work. The total chiller system electrical consumption (chiller and cooling tower fan energy) was measured for four entering condensor water set point temperatures (70, 75, 80, and 85 deg F). The field results were compared to results obtained using an analytical model previously developed in a thesis entitled Optimized Design of a Commercial Building Chiller/Cooling Tower System, written by Joyce.

Herman, D.L.

1991-04-01

204

Hydrodynamics and morphodynamics of shallow tidal channels and intertidal flats. Doctoral thesis  

SciTech Connect

In this thesis, mechanisms which control morphodynamics of shallow tidal embayments are investigated analytically. In the process of exploring these mechanisms (specifically asymmetries in bottom stress), Tau, basis momentum and mass balances which govern flow in these systems are clarified. Temporal asymmetries in Tau are investigated via a new perturbation scheme which quantifies nonlinear processes and combines geometric controls on asymmetry into a single non-dimensional parameter. Implications of spatial asymmetries in Tau are investigated through stability criteria based on a uniform distribution of Tau. Morphologic observations of both tidal channels and intertidal flats are consistent with a uniform distribution of Tau at equilibrium. Investigation of morphodynamic mechanisms leads to scalings of momentum and continuity which diverge from classical models. Scalings for prismatic channels with strong tidal asymmetries indicate friction often dominates acceleration in the momentum equation. The resulting zero-inertia balance gives a time-varying diffusion equation which requires along-channel amplitude to decay. Uniform Tau justifies a new scaling of continuity for exponentially-shaped channels. In such channels, along-channel gradients in tidal velocity are small and are often dominated by gradients in cross-sectional area. The resulting first-order wave equation allows only amplitude, forward propagating waveforms which are independent of channel length. Tidal channels Hydrodynamics, Tidal flats.

Friedrichs, C.T.

1993-02-01

205

The Radical Plasticity Thesis: How the Brain Learns to be Conscious  

PubMed Central

In this paper, I explore the idea that consciousness is something that the brain learns to do rather than an intrinsic property of certain neural states and not others. Starting from the idea that neural activity is inherently unconscious, the question thus becomes: How does the brain learn to be conscious? I suggest that consciousness arises as a result of the brain's continuous attempts at predicting not only the consequences of its actions on the world and on other agents, but also the consequences of activity in one cerebral region on activity in other regions. By this account, the brain continuously and unconsciously learns to redescribe its own activity to itself, so developing systems of meta-representations that characterize and qualify the target first-order representations. Such learned redescriptions, enriched by the emotional value associated with them, form the basis of conscious experience. Learning and plasticity are thus central to consciousness, to the extent that experiences only occur in experiencers that have learned to know they possess certain first-order states and that have learned to care more about certain states than about others. This is what I call the “Radical Plasticity Thesis.” In a sense thus, this is the enactive perspective, but turned both inwards and (further) outwards. Consciousness involves “signal detection on the mind”; the conscious mind is the brain's (non-conceptual, implicit) theory about itself. I illustrate these ideas through neural network models that simulate the relationships between performance and awareness in different tasks.

Cleeremans, Axel

2011-01-01

206

Oil policy in Russia toward selected new independent states. Master thesis  

SciTech Connect

Following the breakdown of the Soviet Union, one of the world`s strongest oil producing industries was divided into a few major oil provinces. The process of change to the former Soviet oil industry including: Russian efforts to maintain control of its former resources, NIS resource development, Western capital investment, and environmental issues in the major oil provinces of the former Soviet Union, is the main focus of this thesis. Free market world oil majors and their counterparts, both in Russia and the New Independent States (NIS), have developed a number of significant alliances that have resulted in several potentially lucrative joint ventures. The coercive tactics that the Russian government resorts to in an effort to prevent its former republics from efficiently developing their reserves, and the position the United States must take to ensure these efforts are stifled will be addressed. A sound grasp of these critical energy issues by American policy makers will result in the development of these vast resources in a manner favorable to U. S. national interests.

Stevens, J.J.

1996-12-01

207

Common interface real-time multiprocessor operating system for embedded systems. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Large real time applications such as aerospace avionics systems, battle management, and factory automation place many demands and constraints on the computing system not found in other applications. Software development is hindered by software dependence on the computer architecture and the lack of portability between systems. This thesis specifies and designs a real time multiprocessor operating system (RTMOS) that implements a consistent programming model, enabling the development of real time parallel software independent of the target architecture. The RTMOS defines the core functionality required to demonstrate the programming model. The RTMOS functional requirements are specified using Structured Analysis and Design Technique (SADT). A hybrid of the Design Approach for Real-Time Software (DARTS) is used to perform the preliminary and detailed designs. The preliminary design is architecture-independent; the detailed design phase maps the design to a specific parallel system, the Intel iPSC/2 hypercube. The modular RTMOS design partitions operating system operations and data structures from hardware-dependent functions for portability.

Rottman, M.S.

1991-03-04

208

Simulation study of a parallel processor with unbalanced loads. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this thesis was twofold: to estimate the impact of unbalanced computational loads on a parallel-processing architecture via Monte Carlo simulation; and second to investigate the impact of representing the dynamics of the parallel-processing problem via animated simulation. It is constrained to the hypercube architecture in which each node is connected in a predetermined topology and allowed to communicate to other nodes through calls to the operating system. Routing of messages through the network is fixed and specified within the operating system. Message-transmission preempts nodal processing causing internodal communications to complicate the concurrent operation of the network. Two independent variables are defined: 1) the degree of imbalance characterizes the nature or severity of the load imbalance, and 2) the degree of locality characterizes the node loadings with respect to node locations across the cube. A SLAM II simulation model of a generic 16 node hypercube was constructed in which each node processes a predetermined number of computational tasks and, following each task, sends a message to a single randomly chosen receiver node. An experiment was designed in which the independent variables, degree of imbalance and degree of locality were varied across two computation-to-IO ratios to determine their separate and interactive effects on the dependent variable, job speedup. ANOVA and regression techniques were used to estimate the relationship between load imbalance, locality, computation-to-IO ratio, and their interactions to job speedup. Results show that load imbalance severely impacts a parallel-processor's performance.

Moore, T.S.

1987-12-01

209

Groundwater transport and fate processes for radionuclides. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis focuses on groundwater transport and fate processes for selected radionuclides. It collates elementary concepts in hydrology, groundwater chemistry, radiological assessment and uncertainty analysis. Basic concepts of advective transport, dispersion and various sorption models are discussed. The advection-dispersion equation, formulated to include radioactive decay and linear equilibrium sorption, is presented with an explanation of terms and essential concepts. An analytical solution to the advection-dispersion equation is presented, which includes sorption and decay and is used in modeling trials to develop a qualitative understanding of the physical processes represented by the model. A numerical contaminant transport code (SUTRA) is then used to compare the linear and Langmuir sorption models when both are fitted to the same sorption isotherm data. Results from study of the literature covering a comparison between the Freundlich equilibrium isotherm and the linear equilibrium isotherm are presented. Time moment analysis of non- equilibrium sorption models is introduced as a quantitative approach to evaluating numerical errors when a linear equilibrium model is used to represent non-equilibrium sorption processes.

Sullivan, K.L.

1994-12-01

210

Methylene chloride sampling with passive dosimeters under steady-state and transient conditions. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis investigates the application of passive charcoal dosimeters to monitor concentrations of methylene chloride vapors. Monitoring the workplace air for methylene chloride vapors requires the collection of air samples in the worker's breathing zone during the work day. The work day exposure usually fluctuates and the air samples must be integrated over periods of several hours or more. This sample integration determines the time-weighted average (TWA) concentration. TWA exposures assist the industrial hygienist in assessing the healthfulness of the occupational environment and are used for compliance purposes by comparison with established 8-hour time-weighted average standards. This study examined the methylene chloride sampling and retention abilities of passive dosimeters and their subsequent TWA determinations. To evaluate their performance, three commercially available dosimeters were exposed to known concentration profiles of methylene chloride. This comparison was done under laboratory conditions to minimize the differences in actual badge exposure. There are five hypotheses to be tested. Each hypotheses tests the central issue: passive dosimetry is an accurate method to sample fluctuating occupational exposures to methylene chloride.

Liebhaber, F.B.

1985-01-01

211

Two nonlinear models of the free-electron laser. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The dynamics of the Free Electron Laser are governed by Maxwell's equations which causes many highly nonlinear regimes to exist in Free Electron Laser Physics. This thesis will examine two such areas and develop simple models to describe the highly dynamic and rich behavior two of these regimes. In the strong-field, high current regime, the Free Electron Laser driving current can be modeled by a single macroparticle representing the trapped electrons. When the trapped electrons act collectively as a macroparticle, solutions which include synchrotron oscillations can be found for the self-consistent pendulum and wave equations. In an FEL oscillator with low single-pass gain, the evolution of the optical wave can lead to sideband development. This phenomenon is studied by applying Maxwell's equations to an oscillator with two optical modes and deriving a two-mode wave and pendulum equation. The two-mode wave and pendulum equations are implemented numerically on computers so that the onset of the sideband can be explored.

Kiel, D.H.

1990-11-01

212

Bernstein and the Explanation of Social Disparities in Education: A Realist Critique of the Socio-Linguistic Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Can an explanation of the origins of social disparities in educational achievement be assisted by a critical examination of Bernstein's sociology? This central question is approached by a consideration of the status of Bernstein's socio-linguistic thesis. The focus is on the nature of the explanations provided. The paper asks: What is the…

Nash, Roy

2006-01-01

213

Identification and removal of trichloroethylene contamination: A case study at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this thesis was to determine the parameters associated with installing monitoring wells to detect trichloroethylene contamination, and to determine what emphasis or weights were placed on the nine National Contingency Plan criteria to select a treatment method that would remove trichloroethylene. The results of this study should help installation restoration project officers understand what parameters should be

Butterfield

1991-01-01

214

Clean Air Act L76(C) conformity determinations and the Department of Defense. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

The modern Clean Air Act is the product of nearly a dozen separate Acts of Congress over the course of the last 40 years. This thesis will explore the concept of general conformity, the guidance DOD has created to assist the services in implementing general conformity, and recent conformity litigation that is likely to affect DOD`s activities now and in the future.

Fall, S.M.

1995-09-30

215

Getting Personal--What Does It Mean? A Critical Discussion of the Personal Dimension of Thesis Supervision in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The argument of the article is that contemporary research into thesis supervision overlooks important didactical features of the supervisory dialogue because of its focus on general pedagogical categories. Entailing this argument I suggest that the personal dimension should be seen not only as a means to enhanced communication between supervisor…

Bengtsen, Soren S. E.

2011-01-01

216

Process improvement to the inspection readiness plan in chemical weapons convention challenge inspections. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis identified current Information Technology initiatives to help improve the Navy`s Inspection Readiness Plan for Chemical Warfare Convention (CWC) Challenge Inspection. The CWC is an intensive inspection. The Challenge Inspection allows for a team of international inspectors to inspect a naval facility suspected of violating the CWC on very short notice. This thesis begins with a review of the CWC Challenge Inspection timeline. It then describes the Navy`s Inspection Readiness Plan for CWC Challenge Inspections as well as the Navy Tiger Team that is sent to naval facilities to assist the Commanding Officer and base personnel during inspections. One of the initiatives evaluated by this analysis is the use of videoconferencing. To ascertain the feasibility of using videoconferencing in the CWC Challenge Inspection process, this thesis reviews the current videoconferencing systems and standards, and the results of a questionnaire that was sent to various naval commands. This thesis concludes with recommendations for inclusion of videoconferencing and various other Information Technology initiatives in the CWC Challenge Inspection process.

Triplett, W.M.

1997-09-01

217

Guide to the Successful Thesis and Dissertation. A Handbook for Students and Faculty. Third Edition, Revised and Expanded.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is designed to help students understand the details of the thesis or dissertation (T/D) process and to provide faculty with an instructional tool to use in seminars on research and with advisees. Ten chapters cover the following areas : (1) the meaning and purpose of the T/D and the characteristics of high-quality student research; (2)…

Mauch, James E.; Birch, Jack W.

218

The Heritage of Herding and Southern Homicide: Examining the Ecological Foundations of the Code of Honor Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examine the ecological foundations of the thesis of a "code of honor" as an explanation for southern homicide. Specifically, they consider the effects of indicators of ethnic groups that migrated from herding economies (the Scotch-Irish), cattle and pig herding, and the relative importance of agricultural production across different…

Baller, Robert D.; Zevenbergen, Matthew P.; Messner, Steven F.

2009-01-01

219

NATO's (North Atlantic Treaty Organization's) theater nuclear weapons and the defense of Europe: past patterns and future prospects. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this research was to analyze and order the controversy and ambiguity surrounding the TNW modernization started by NATO in 1979. To place the GLCM\\/Pershing II deployment within its historical context, this thesis reviews significant events pertaining to NATO since its inception. Three basic questions guided this study: Why did the NATO allies agree in 1979 to modernize

1987-01-01

220

Brotherhood or Brothers in the "Hood"? Debunking the "Educated Gang" Thesis as Black Fraternity and Sorority Slander  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article the author explores the controversial thesis that African American Collegiate Fraternities and Sororities, also known as Black Greek Letter Organizations (BGLOs), are "educated gangs". First, the author examines this polemic as a "truth claim" and compares BGLOs and gangs through: (1) hazing; (2) rape and substance abuse; (3)…

Hughey, Matthew W.

2008-01-01

221

Asymmetry Thesis and Side-Effect Problems in Linear-Time and Branching-Time Intention Logics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we examine the relationships be­ tween beliefs, goals, and intentions. In particu­ lar, we consider the formalization of the Asym­ metry Thesis as proposed by Brat man (1987). We argue that the semantic characterization of this principle determines if the resulting logic is capable of handling other important prob­ lems, such as the side-effect problem of belief-

Anand S. Rao; Michael P. Georgeff

1991-01-01

222

Magnetic reconnection in the presence of sheared plasma flow. Ph.D. Thesis  

SciTech Connect

Classical models of magnetic reconnection consist of a small diffusion region bounded by two slow shocks, across which the plasma is accelerated. Most space plasma current sheets separate two different plasmas, violating symmetry conditions across the current sheet. One form of asymmetry is a sheared plasma flow. In this thesis, the author investigates the magnetic reconnection process in the presence of a shear flow across the current sheet using two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations. The results show that only for sheared flow below the average Alfven velocity of the inflow regions can steady state magnetic reconnection occur. A detailed examination of the Rankine-Hugoniot jump conditions reveals that the two slow shocks of earlier models are replaced by a strong intermediate shock and a weaker slow shock in the presence of shear flow. Both symmetric and asymmetric density profiles are examined. Depending upon the direction of the flow in the adjacent inflow region, the effects from the sheared flow and the effects from the density asymmetry will compete with each other. The results are applied to the dayside and flank regions of the magnetosphere. For tailward flow in the flanks, the two asymmetries compete making the magnetic field transition layer broad with the high speed flow contained within the transition region. For the dayside region, the magnetic field transition region is thin and the accelerated flow is earthward of the sharp current layer (magnetopause). These results are consistent with the data. A velocity shear in the invariant direction was examined under otherwise symmetric conditions. With the magnetic field initially only in the x - y plane, B(z), and consequently field-aligned current, is generated by the initial v(z). The field-aligned current depends on the velocity profiles in all directions. For a velocity sheared in both the z and the y direction, the results show a very localized region of large field-aligned currents.

La Belle-Hamer, A.L.

1994-01-01

223

US foreign policy and the Baltic states. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examines U. S. foreign policy toward the Baltic states from 1918 to 1991 to determine if the U.S. has been realistic in its dealings with small nations. An analysis of U.S. policy indicates that the United States acts hypocritically by accepting compromises on the very moral principals to which it claims to be the protectorate of when domestic political costs are high. The sacrifice of national values degrades the credibility of the moral high ground necessary for U.S. policy. This study reviews the events that occurred during the three major periods in U.S.-Baltic relations: The initial period of Baltic independence following World War I; the Soviet annexation of the Baltics during World War II: and finally the beginning of the second period of Baltic independence during the breakup of the Soviet Union. In all three cases U.S. policy was unclear and contradictory. The Baltic case provides a good example of the tendency for U.S. policy to be paradoxical and ineffective. This study concludes that despite the U.S. policy of nonrecognition of the Soviet annexation of the Baltic states during the Cold War, the United States failed to adhere to its principals when given the opportunity. In the process, it also neglected problems within its borders that required attention perhaps more urgently than those outside. The tendency for U.S. policy to ignore the issues that actually threaten its security internally and placing a higher priority on external matters that do not have a real impact on its standing could likely lead to its inadvertent downfall.

Shuey, K.A.

1996-03-01

224

Catalytic cracking properties of cross-linked montmorillonite (CLM) molecular sieves. [M. S. Thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis was concerned with a systematic study of the catalytic cracking properties of corss-linked montmorillonite (CLM) molecular sieves in comparison with those of a conventional molecular sieve catalyst, i.e., CeY-type zeolite. The relative cracking yields obtained with each catalyst were determined as a function of the critical molecular dimensions of the feed using model compounds. For alkylbenzene feeds with a molecular diameter of < 9 A., i.e., cumene (6.8 A), t-butylbenzene (6.8 A), and m-diisopropylbenzene (7.9 A), intrasorption was allowed in both catalysts and consequently, the relative conversions were similar (C/sub rel/ = 0.8 to 1.2). For feeds with a molecular diameter > 9 A, intrasorption into CeY-type zeolite was either restricted or excluded, while it was fully allowed in the larger pore CLM catalysts. Consequently, relative conversions were sharply higher in favor of the CLM systems (C/sub rel/ = 1.1 to 8). Partially cross-linked montmorillonites with predominant critical pore size of 15 to 19 A, cause higher relative conversions for such large molecules than fully cross-linked montmorillonites. Penetration of tricyclodecane (d/sub min/ = 8.1 A) can occur in the intracrystalline pore systems of both catalysts. As a result, no large differences in cracking yields were found with CLM and CeY-type zeolite catalysts. On the other hand, the relative extent of cracking of dodecahydrotriphenylene with CLM (1.6) catalyst was several orders of magnitude greater than that found with the CeY catalyst. Because of its large critical diameter (12.1 A), the intrasorption of this compound into CeY was sterically excluded while it was fully allowed in the larger pore CLM catalysts. This indicates a great potential future use of DLM catalysts for cracking of heavy oils, which consist primarily of molecular components having critical diameters > 9 A.

McCauley, J.R.

1983-08-01

225

Meteorological investigation of ozone anomalies during the arctic boundary layer experiment (ABLE 3A). Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Partial contents: The Arctic Boundary Layer Experiment (ABLE 3A); Methods of analysis: Isentropic Trajectory; Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS); Parcel-Time Series; Station-Time Series; Cross-Sections; Tropopause Vertical Velocity; Isentropic Potential Vorticity (IPV); Constant Pressure Charts; Skew-T. (Author).

Smarsh, D.A.

1994-08-01

226

Biodegradation of jet fuel in vented columns of water-unsaturated sandy soil. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The effect of soil water content on the rate of jet fuel (JP-4) biodegradation in air-vented, water-unsaturated columns of sandy soil was investigated. The contaminated soil was obtained from a spill site located on Tyndall AFB, Fla. The initial soil loading was 4590 mg of JP-4/kg of dry soil. Three laboratory columns were packed with the contaminated soil, saturated and drained for periods of 81-89 days. Two columns were continuously vented with air, and the third, intended to provide an anaerobic control, was vented with nitrogen. The venting gas flows were maintained between 1 and 2.5 soil pore volume changeouts per day. The total JP-4 removal in the air-vented columns averaged 44% of the mass originally present. Biodegradation and volatilization accounted for 93% and 7% of the total removal, respectively. A maximum biodegradation rate of 14.3 mg of JP-4/kg of moist soil per day was observed at a soil water content of approximately 72% saturation. Soil drainage characteristics indicated that this water content may have corresponded to 100% of the in situ field capacity water content. Theses.

Coho, J.W.

1990-01-01

227

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS* ... had a treatment-emergent blood glucose level of ... a 25% reduction in cholesterol content of the ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

228

Thermal-shock resistance of mullite-based SiC-whisker composites. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of the addition of silicon carbide (SiC) whiskers and zirconia on the material properties and constants of pure mullite was examined. SiC whisker weight percentages of 0, 10, 20, and 30 were examined, and a zirconia content of 36.1 wt.% was studied. A theoretical approach similar to Hasselman's high-E, low-E theory was used to determine the theoretical values

1986-01-01

229

An Investigation of Non-Thesis Master's Program Geography Teacher Candidates' Attitudes towards Teaching Profession regarding Several Socio-Cultural Features  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to examine the attitudes of non-thesis master's degree program: geography teacher candidates towards teaching profession regarding several socio-cultural features. The study was conducted in different universities with 218 geography teacher candidates enrolled in the geography education non-thesis master's degree…

Sezer, Adem; Kara, Hasan; Pinar, Adnan

2011-01-01

230

Bruno Buchberger's PhD thesis 1965: An algorithm for finding the basis elements of the residue class ring of a zero dimensional polynomial ideal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the English translation (by Michael P. Abramson) of the PhD thesis of Bruno Buchberger, in which he introduced the algorithmic theory of Gröbner bases. Some comments by Buchberger on the translation and the thesis are given in an additional short paper in this issue of the Journal of Symbolic Computation.

Bruno Buchberger

2006-01-01

231

Limits of the McDonaldization thesis: eBayization and ascendant trends in post-industrial consumer culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ritzer's McDonaldization thesis holds that McDonald's, with its efficiency, calculability, predictability, and control, is a good model for the forces of modern capitalism that structure both production and consumption. This article argues that while McDonaldization represents a particular collection of forces, there also exists a rising countertrend in post-industrial societies that we call eBayization. Whereas McDonaldization produces homogeneity and predictability,

Aaron Ahuvia; Elif Izberk-Bilgin

2011-01-01

232

Optimization of a compton scatterer for hard x-ray weapons effects simulation in an ICF facility. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examined the optimization of a Compton scatterer for use in simulating hard X-ray effects in the proposed Laboratory Microfusion Facility (LMF). The LMF will produce inertial confinement fusion of deuterium-tritium pellets. The Compton scatterer is designed to reflect the X rays produced from the fusion toward a target. The scatterer should produce the maximum X-ray dose at the

Tinsley

1990-01-01

233

Supporting Education PhD and DEd Students to Become Confident Academic Writers: an Evaluation of Thesis Writers’ Circles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically evaluates the pilot of a Thesis Writers’ Circles program offered to Education PhD and DEd students at the University of Melbourne in semester 2, 2005. The analysis focuses on the needs of those students that were felt to be well-met by this model of support. Broadly, the paper identifies two distinct but inter-related themes: firstly, the challenge

Wendy Larcombe; Anthony McCosker; K. OLoughlin

2007-01-01

234

PROSPECT THEORY, BEHAVIORAL THEORY, AND THE THREAT-RIGIDITY THESIS: COMBINATIVE EFFECTS ON ORGANIZATIONAL DECISIONS TO DIVEST FORMERLY ACQUIRED UNITS  

Microsoft Academic Search

By complementing prospect theory with organization-level behavioral theory and the threat-rigidity thesis, I study how factors unique to an organizational level can interact with the individual-level tendencies predicted by prospect theory. I tested this ap- proach by examining organizational decisions to divest or retain formerly acquired units in a longitudinal setting. The results show that divestiture decisions are influ- enced

KATSUHIKO SHIMIZU

235

Dynamo theory for the interface between the convection zone and the radiative interior of a star. Doctoral thesis  

SciTech Connect

The thesis examines the possibility that the solar dynamo operates in a thin overshoot region between the convection zone and the radiative interior. Of particular interest is understanding the interplay of the magnetic fields and the induced velocity fields in this overshoot layer. A set of model equations in Cartesian geometry, which contain the essential physics for the dynamo were derived and both analytic and numerical solutions to the equations are presented.

DeLuca, E.E.

1986-01-01

236

Analysis of the morality of intention in nuclear deterrence, with special reference to final retaliation. Doctoral thesis  

SciTech Connect

Quite apart from its apparent political obsolescence, the policy of nuclear deterrence is vulnerable to attack for its seemingly obvious immorality. Nuclear war is blatantly immoral, and nuclear deterrence requires a genuine intention to resort to the nuclear retaliation which would precipitate such a war. Therefore, since it is wrong to intend that which is wrong to do, deterrence is immoral. This thesis seeks to examine the nature of the deterrent intention as a means of verifying the soundness of the above deontological argument. This examination is carried out by first suggesting an acceptable notion of intention in general and then, after analysing the views of deterrent intention by other writers, proceeding to demonstrate the uniqueness of that intention. Having done this, and having explored the possibility that deterrence need not contain a genuine intention to retaliate, the thesis moves on to suggest and defend a moral principle which states that endeavours requiring the formation of an immoral intention may nevertheless be moral. Called the Principle of Double Intention (and based on the Principle of Double Effect), it offers a method for the moral assessment of agents who form immoral intentions within larger contexts. By applying this principle to nuclear deterrence, it is demonstrated that agents who undertake such a policy may be morally justified in doing so, provided certain conditions are met. The thesis closes with a refutation of the objection that an agent cannot rationally form an intention (such as that required in deterrence) which he has no reason to carry out.

Zink, J.A.

1990-01-01

237

Evolution and Development of Dual Ingestion Systems in Mammals: Notes on a New Thesis and Its Clinical Implications  

PubMed Central

Traditionally, the development of oral feeding is viewed as a continuous, unitary process in which reflex-dominated sucking behavior gives rise to a more varied and volitional feeding behavior. In contrast, we consider the thesis that the infant develops two separable ingestive systems, one for suckling and one for feeding. First, we apply an evolutionary perspective, recognizing that suckling-feeding is a universal, mammalian developmental sequence. We find that in mammalian evolution, feeding systems in offspring were established prior to the evolution of lactation, and therefore suckling is a separable feature that was added to feeding. We next review an experimental literature that characterizes suckling and feeding as separable in terms of their topography, sensory controls, physiological controls, neural substrates, and experience-based development. Together, these considerations constitute a view of “dual ingestive systems.” The thesis, then, is that suckling is not a simple precursor of feeding but is a complete behavior that emerges, forms, and then undergoes a dissolution that overlaps with the emergence of independent feeding. This thesis guides us to focus differently on the challenges of properly managing and facilitating oral ingestion in infants, especially those born preterm, prior to the developmental onset of suckling.

Alberts, Jeffrey R.; Pickler, Rita H.

2012-01-01

238

The Role of Omega-3 Dietary Supplementation in Blepharitis and Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (An AOS Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose Blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) are common sources of complaints from patients. To evaluate the effect on ocular symptoms, ocular findings, and serum and meibomian gland contents, patients with blepharitis and MGD were prospectively evaluated to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids. Methods In a prospective randomized placebo-controlled masked trial, patients with simple obstructive MGD and blepharitis, who had discontinued all topical medications and tetracyclines, received oral omega-3 dietary supplementation consisting of two 1000-mg capsules 3 times a day. Patients were examined every 3 months for 1 year with the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) objective clinical measures, including tear production and stability, ocular surface and meibomian gland health, and biochemical plasma, red blood cell (RBC), and meibum evaluation. Primary outcome measures were change in tear breakup time (TBUT), meibum score, and overall OSDI score at 1 year. Results At 1 year, the omega-3 group had a 36% and 31% reduction in their omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acid ratios in RBCs and plasma, respectively (P = .3), whereas the placebo group demonstrated no change. At 12 months, the omega-3 group had an improvement in TBUT, OSDI score, and meibum score. Changes in meibum content were observed in the omega-3 group (P = .21); the level of meibum saturated fatty acids decreased. Conclusions This trial demonstrated a decrease in the RBC and plasma ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 in patients taking omega-3 dietary supplementation, as compared to controls, and improvements in their overall OSDI score, TBUT, and meibum score. This is the first demonstration of an induced change in the fatty acid saturation content in meibum as a result of dietary supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids.

Macsai, Marian S.

2008-01-01

239

Determination of Moisture Content  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The moisture (or total solids) content of foods is important to food manufacturers for a variety of reasons. Moisture is an important factor in food quality, preservation, and resistance to deterioration. Determination of moisture content also is necessary to calculate the content of other food constituents on a uniform basis (i.e., dry weight basis). The dry matter that remains after moisture analysis is commonly referred to as total solids.

Nielsen, S. Suzanne

240

Nuclear fuel waste and aboriginal concerns : Canada's nuclear fuel waste management concept public hearings--a content analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examined Aboriginal views on nuclear fuel waste management in Canada and assessed the concerns and issues Aboriginal people are likely to voice at future interactions and deliberations in the next siting phase. A content analysis method was used to examine the entire public record produced during the 1996\\/1997 Federal Environmental Assessment Review Panel hearings held on the Environmental

Ann Marie Farrugia-Uhalde

2003-01-01

241

Effect of water on piloted ignition of cellulosic materials. Annual progress report. Doctoral thesis  

SciTech Connect

This experimental study is an attempt to quantify the effect of water on extinguishment, thermal decomposition, and piloted ignition of wood. In the extinguishment part, cooling of hot porous and non-porous ceramic solids by water droplets was studied. These solids were used to simulate low thermal diffusivity porous and non-porous combustible building materials and were instrumented by several surface and in-depth thermocouples. Temperature measurements in the solid were used to quantify the heat transfer during droplet evaporation. Thermal decomposition of wood in air was also studied as a function of sample moisture content and externally applied radiation prior to the ignition experiments. Simultaneous measurements of weight loss rate; surface, bottom and in-depth temperatures; O2 depletion and production of CO2, CO, total hydrocarbons and water were made. It was found that the presence of moisture delayed the decomposition process and diluted the decomposition products. Piloted ignition experiments were conducted on Douglas fir for four different moisture contents and at different levels of externally applied radiation. It was found that the presence of moisture increases the ignition time, surface temperature and the evolved mass flux at ignition. A single equation was derived to correlate all the ignition data. This correlation accounts for the moisture dependent thermal properties and the heat loss from the sample surface.

Abu-Zaid, M.; Atreya, A.

1989-02-01

242

Content-Construct Confusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The confusion between content validity and construct validity runs rampant in psychology today. Possibly nothing has highlighted this confusion so much as the various efforts to develop guidelines on test validation. Defines content and construct validity and attempts to provide some guidelines to clarify the conten-construct problem. (Author/RK)|

Tenopyr, Mary L.

1977-01-01

243

Creativity, Content, and Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Creativity, content, and policy have multiple relationships. Creativity and disciplinary content are inextricably linked. In dealing with creativity, the first education policy choice is whether to recognize and act on that fact. Care is needed in using the term "creativity" in advocacy contexts, lest the relationship between creativity and…

Hope, Samuel

2010-01-01

244

Hydroponics: Content and Rationale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technology education has the means of becoming the catalyst for integrated content and curricula, especially in core academic areas, such as science and mathematics, where it has been found difficult to incorporate other subject matter. Technology is diverse enough in nature that it can be addressed by a variety of content areas, serving as a…

Ernst, Jeremy V.; Busby, Joe R.

2009-01-01

245

Environmental and strain rate effects on graphite/epoxy composites. Final Report; M. S. Thesis, 1987  

SciTech Connect

The hygrothermal characterization of unidirectional graphite/epoxy composites over a range of strain rates was investigated. Special techniques developed for such hygrothermal characterization are also described. The mechanical properties of the composite material were obtained and analyzed by means of a time-temperature-moisture superposition principle. The results show the following: (1) the embedded gage technique was thoroughly examined and found to be appropriate for both hygrothermal expansion and mechanical strain measurements; (2) all transverse properties were found to decrease with increasing temperature and moisture content; and (3) ultimate transverse properties were found to increase with strain rate at low temperatures but follow an opposite trend at high temperatures compared to dry specimens.

Peimandis, K.

1991-10-01

246

Modeling heavy-metal removal in wetlands (final report). Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

A computer model has been developed to simulate the fate transport of heavy metals introduced to a wetland ecosystem. Modeled water quality variables include plankton biomass and productivity; macrophyte (Nuiumbo lutea) biomass; total phosphorus in the water column; dissolved copper in the water column and sediments; particulate copper in the water column and sediments; and suspended solids. These variables directly affect the modeled rate of copper uptake by macrophytes, and the rate of copper recycling as a function of the decomposition of copper-laden biomass litter. The model was calibrated using total phosphorus and chlorophyll-a data from the Old Woman Creek Wetland in Ohio. Verification of the model was achieved using data on the copper content of the macrophyte Nelumbo lutea. The effects of harvesting copper-laden biomass on the longevity of the wetland ecosystem were also evaluated.

Light, R.N.

1992-05-01

247

A Place for Content Literacy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To help students learn and apply science content, teachers can embed content literacy instruction within science instruction. This involves teaching the content and the literacy skills students need to learn that content, such as vocabulary and c

Misulis, Katherine E.

2011-01-01

248

Sensitive webpage content detection  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Computer-readable media, systems, and methods for sensitive webpage content detection are described. In embodiments, a multi-class classifier is developed and one or more webpages with webpage content are received. In various embodiments, the one or more webpages are analyzed with the multi-class classifier and, in various embodiments, a sensitivity level is predicted that is associated with the webpage content of the one or more webpages. In various other embodiments, the multi-class classifier includes one or more sensitivity categories.

2011-07-05

249

Message Content Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we address the problem of how agents can handle message-based communication. Our approach is to look at ontology-based communication, in which the meaning and intention of messages is specified in message content ontologies. The idea is that agents can share semantics by committing to shared message content ontologies. We discuss a theoretical framework for message-based communication, in

Chris van Aart; Bob Wielinga; Guus Schreiber

250

Creative Contents Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new paradigm is proposed for a network-based community called the “creative contents community”. Typical examples of network\\u000a based communities are bulletin boards and mailing lists, which have a “free talk” communications style but are not always\\u000a productive. In the creative contents community, open and flexible human groups are formed with members having different skills,\\u000a knowledge, viewpoints, etc, enabling them

Toshiyuki Asahi; Hisashi Noda; Daigo Taguchi; Kazuhiro Ishihara

2000-01-01

251

The content digital divide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dear Editor-in-Chief,I would like to describe briefly how the non-profit kindersiteproject is utilizing digital media content in an innovative way toaddress social problems. Firstly to answer who we are; the twofounders are Ziv Avidor, a technology specialist and consultant togovernment and corporations and Joel Josephson, an Internetstrategist and high tech consultant.Our concept is to use content on a wide-scale over

Joel H. Josephson

2004-01-01

252

Trustworthiness of Online Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Some decades ago content on which people base important judgment used to be provided by relatively few, institutional sources\\u000a like Encyclopedias. Since the 1990s the Internet has become an invaluable source of information for a growing number of people.\\u000a While ten years ago web content has also only been provided by a limited number of institutions or individuals, today’s Web

Jan Camenisch; Sandra Steinbrecher; Ronald Leenes; Stefanie PÖtzsch; Benjamin Kellermann; Laura Klaming

253

Laboratory investigations of heterogeneous chemistry important to ozone depletion in the stratosphere. Ph.D. Thesis  

SciTech Connect

Results of laboratory investigations of heterogeneous chemistry important to ozone depletion in the stratosphere are presented. Thermodynamic properties (such as melting points, enthalpies of fusion, etc.) for acids which are present in the stratosphere (HCl, HNO3, and H2SO4) are studied using laboratory-assembled apparatus of electrical conductivity and differential thermal analysis and using a commercial differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Vapor pressures and infrared spectra of liquid and supercooled solutions, and of liquid-solid and solid-solid coexistence mixtures for the HCl/H2O and H2SO4/H2O binary systems are investigated. Equilibrium constants and standard enthalpies of formation for the pure crystalline hydrates of those acids as well as their corresponding liquid compositions are determined from the vapor pressure and calorimetric data. A theoretical approach, which allows determination of vapor pressures for two adjacent hydrates in thermodynamic equilibrium and for the coexistence systems involving a hydrate and ice in a binary system, is presented in terms of chemical equilibrium principles and compared with the experimental data for thermodynamic consistence. Vapor pressures of HNO3 and HCl over H2SO4/HNO3/H2O and H2SO4/HCl/H2O solutions as well as over H2SO4/HNO3/HCl/H2O solutions are also measured in order to predict incorporation of stratospheric acids into the background sulfate aerosols. From the data, the Henry`s law solubility constants for those systems are determined and the equilibrium compositions of aqueous stratospheric aerosols are predicted as a function of ambient temperature and mixing ratios of H2O and HNO3. The results indicate that at the low temperatures characteristic of the stratosphere at high latitudes in the winter and spring, the HNO3 content reaches levels of the order of 10 percent wt in the background sulfate aerosols.

Zhang, R.

1993-12-31

254

Study of Fischer-Tropsch model compounds reacting over ZSM-5. [MS Thesis  

SciTech Connect

The decomposition of three Fischer-Tropsch model compounds (1-decanol, decanal, and n-heptane) over ZSM-5 catalysts ion exchanged with nickel, zinc, and hydrogen was studied. The mechanisms of decomposition and the reaction kinetics of the model compounds were investigated as well as how exchanging the ZSM-5 with different cations affected the mechanisms, kinetics, and product distribution. The mechanism for 1-decanol decomposition was found to be formation of di-n-decyl ether, which then dehydrated to form 1-decene. Decanal was seen to decompose by three different mecanisms: Aldol condensation, cleavage of CO to form n-nonane, and reduction to 1-decanol. Heptane was seen to follow classical carbonium ion chemistry. First order rate constants and activation energies were calculated for n-heptane/Ni-ZSM-5, 1-decanol/Ni-ZSM-5, 1-decanol/H-ZSM-5, decanal/Ni-ZSM-5, and decanal/H-ZSM-5. The activation energies for decomposition were found to be 21 +- 4 Kcal/gmole for 1-decanol to 1-decene; 32 +- 3 Kcal/gmole for n-heptane; and 15 +- 3 Kcal/gmole on Ni-ZSM-5 and 21 +- 1 Kcal/gmole on H-ZSM-5 for decanal decomposing to n-nonane and CO. H-ZSM-5 was determined to be the most active catalyst of the three tested for decomposition of oxygenates. N-ZSM-5 was the most effective catalyst in the cracking of n-heptane. Due to its superior ability to decompose oxygenates, H-ZSM-5 appears to be the best choice for a Fischer-Tropsch liquid up-grading catalyst. For Fischer-Tropsch liquids with high linear alkane contents a small amount of nickel or other dehydrogenation catalyst added to the H-ZSM-5 would probably prove beneficial. 26 references, 12 figures, 8 tables.

Riley, M.G.

1984-08-01

255

The Role of Monsoon Convection in Dehydration of the Lower Tropical Stratosphere. Ph.D. Thesis  

SciTech Connect

Radiosondes, satellites and aircraft have regularly measured a minimum in water vapor mixing ratio in the lower tropical stratosphere around 19 km altitude. The processes responsible for the formation and maintenance of this minimum are examined with the aid of a mesoscale dynamical model including bulk microphysics, radiative transfer and surface processes. The sensitivity of the model to the less certain parameters in the microphysical and radiative parameterizations, as well as sea surface temperature is examined. It is shown that uncertainty in some microphysical parameters can produce variability in the dynamics of simulated convection comparable to that caused by large changes in low level wind shear, as determined by other studies. One theory regarding dehydration of the lower stratosphere proposes that radiative destabilization of elevated cirrus anvils causes overturning, which enhances the growth of ice crystals. These subsequently settle out of the cloud and thereby effect the net removal of water from the region. Results from the eleven simulations using the present model indicate that the radiative destabilization mechanism will not produce the suggested drying. Penetrative convection is too rare, and the few high anvils that do form sublimate rather than precipitate. These results support the work of other authors. The same simulations reveal the importance of buoyancy waves generated by strong convection. These waves promote the formation of very thin ice clouds (approx. 1 ppmm) between 18 and 21 km. Such clouds formed upwind of the convective region in all simulations where ice was allowed to form. When the model permitted ice to precipitate, the result was a decrease of approx. 0.3 ppmm in water at 19 km at the end of a thirty hour simulation. The simulated buoyancy waves have a clear effect on the moisture content of the lower stratosphere.

Potter, B.E.

1994-01-01

256

Dynamical effects of substorms in the middle and lower latitude ionosphere. Ph.D. Thesis  

SciTech Connect

The Earth`s ionosphere, a region of the the upper atmosphere spanning altitudes from approximately 100 to 1000 km, contains a complex pattern of electron densities produced by solar emissions, atmospheric chemistry and dynamical processes. In this dissertation, a plasma disturbance effect is identified in long-term observations, characterized statistically, and analyzed using numerical modeling. Results drawn from the model are subjected to verification using a dedicated observational campaign. The distinctive feature treated is a pattern of diurnal double maxima (DDM) in total electron content (TEC) observations. The observed DDM events have a clear relationship with geomagnetic disturbances known as substorms. A time-dependent ionospheric model is used to simulate observed DDM events over a latitudinal range of +/- 38 deg. (dip latitude), and in two longitude sectors (75 deg. W and 7 deg. E). Modeling results show that TEC DDM patterns can be created by a combined effect of ionospheric F region plasma vertical drifts and highly altitude-dependent chemical loss mechanisms. Modeling studies explore two possible substorm-related dynamical sources for these perturbation: magnetospheric electric field penetration and overshielding effects, or traveling disturbances in the neutral atmosphere. Local time, latitudinal, and longitudinal characteristics of these dynamical perturbations are investigated in order to define global-scale signatures of the ionosphere`s response to substorms. An observational campaign was formulated and conducted to verify model predictions. The techniques included: magnetometer in the auroral zone for indications of substorm activity; incoherent scatter radars, from high to low latitudes near 75 deg. W longitude, to measure ionospheric electron densities, plasma drifts and meridional neutral winds; and all sky CCD cameras and a Fabry-Perot interferometer for 6300 A airglow and neutral winds at a sub-auroral site.

Pi, Xiaoqing

1995-01-01

257

Physician-assisted suicide and public virtue: a reply to the liberty thesis of "the Philosophers' Brief".  

PubMed

The "Philosophers' Brief," penned by six of today's most influential philosophers, was submitted as an amicus curiae brief to the Supreme Court as it prepared to consider the cases of Washington v. Glucksberg and Vacco v. Quill. It set precedent as the first such brief submitted by a group representing itself solely as moral philosophers. The brief became an overnight gold standard statement of the liberal philosophical understanding of the relationship of the State to so-called 'private morality.' The main thesis of the brief is that physician-assisted suicide regards the deeply personal event of death, and that individuals have a constitutionally guaranteed right to make decisions for themselves about the intimate details of their lives. In this article, James DuBois calls this the 'liberty thesis,' and he argues that the brief's application of this principle is both contradictory and impracticable. The contradiction arises as the brief proposes restrictions on the right to physician-assisted suicide--restrictions that require the State to abandon neutrality on intimate value judgments about life's worth. The impracticability arises insofar as the brief fails to leave room for a compelling State interest in promoting a minimal level of public virtue. Ironically, one of the strongest arguments that can be proffered on behalf of a State interest in preserving a minimal level of public virtue stems from its role in safeguarding human liberty. PMID:10597662

DuBois, J M

1999-01-01

258

Alpha omega alpha election and medical school thesis publication: relationship to subsequent publication rate over a twenty-year period.  

PubMed

To determine the importance of academic and research success during medical school upon subsequent academic activity, a computerized literature search was performed using the names of the 79 surviving members of the Yale Medical School Class of 1970. Individuals elected to Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA) during the third year of school had significantly more publications (mean 101.7 +/- 69.6) between 1970 and 1990 than those elected during the fourth year (mean 28.3 +/- 48.0, p = 0.01). Both had significantly more publications than non-AOA members (mean 11.1 +/- 19.4, p = 0.02). Publication of the student's medical school thesis was also associated with a greater number of publications than thesis non-publication (mean 22.1 +/- 37.5 vs 14.4 +/- 30.0, p = 0.005). These studies demonstrate that, at least at the institution studied, election to AOA and publication of the results of a research project were associated with increased publication rates in the medical field over the 20-year period following medical school graduation. PMID:8303911

Chusid, M J; Havens, P L; Coleman, C N

259

Strategic plan for the Persian Gulf region: Options for deterring and/or defeating an emerging threat. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The Persian Gulf region is, in all likelihood, going to remain crucial to American interests through the next several decades. The world depends on the petroleum reserves of the Gulf region to fuel its economic engine. The recent history of the region has been rife with conflict, and the U.S. has had to intervene militarily on several occasions to ensure its vital interests were protected. This thesis examines the strategic circumstances in the Gulf region and ways in which American political, diplomatic, and military policy can help shape the environment to conform to its interests. Several scenarios are developed which attempt to forecast the results of different environments on regional stability. The thesis reaches the conclusion that the United States must take a proactive role if its short- and long-term interests are to be protected. The short-term goal of U.S. policy must be to maintain a balance of power and regional correlation of forces which serves to deter any would-be aggressor nations. In the long run, the United States must seek a comprehensive regional peace. Various methods of achieving these goals are examined....Persian Gulf, Arms Proliferation, Strategic Planning, Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC, Regional Deterrence, Middle East, Arms Control, Scenario Development, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Regional Security Strategy.

Ward, M.W.

1992-12-17

260

Memory and content.  

PubMed

The paper argues that any theory of content has to adopt a "functionalistic core" to concord with the cognitive sciences. This functionalistic core requires that representations are defined as substitutes in functions that describe the flexible behavior to be explained by the representation. The content of a representation can thus only be determined if the representation is "in use", i.e. if it is an argument in such a function. The stored entities in memory are not in use while they are stored, and hence cannot be assigned a specific content. The term "template" is introduced to describe stored entities in memory. The discussion of some implications of this result show that some deep philosophical problems follow from this argument as well as consequences for empirical research on memory. PMID:20739191

Vosgerau, Gottfried

2010-08-23

261

Thought content and feeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the notion of consciousness as prevalent in Psychology. Traditional Psychology does not distinguish between consciousness (awareness of something) and content (the thing itself). Consciousness is usually classified into four groups: (i) sense-data; (ii) relations; (iii) images; and (iv) affects. Introspection has not permitted psychologists to reach any definite conclusions. It is felt that a more useful method would be

Knight Dunlap

1916-01-01

262

Content Area Instructional Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this working paper is to identify research-supported strategies for content that can be integrated effectively to promote the development of biliterate academic literacy by English language learners (ELLs) in middle-school bilingual classrooms. The paper provides a research-based summary of relevant learning needs of adolescent…

Montgomery, Joel R.

2008-01-01

263

Content Evaluation of Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature on the content aspects of database quality, specifically scope, composition, currency, accuracy, consistency, completeness, and source, journal, geographic, language, and time-period coverage. These criteria can be evaluated qualitatively and/or quantitatively to determine the profile of a database, and to ascertain search…

Jacso, Peter

1997-01-01

264

Where's the Content?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although teachers focus on style, fluency, tone, and correct grammar in writing, they rarely emphasize the importance of content. Both the National Commission on Writing in America's Schools and Colleges and the NAEP seem to favor emotional and personal writing, at least at the high school level. Judging from their guidelines, both the SAT and the…

Fitzhugh, Will

2006-01-01

265

The Pursuit of Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses library and information studies curriculum and suggests six areas that need to be addressed in addition to information access and collection development: assessing and filtering content, intermediation between the user and technology, negotiating ethical and regulatory difficulties, designing user-oriented services, managing knowledge…

Sturges, Paul

1999-01-01

266

Magnetic content addressable memories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content Addressable Memories are designed with comparison circuits built into every bit cell. This parallel structure can increase the speed of searching from O(n) (as with Random Access Memories) to O(1), where n is the number of entries being searched. The high cost in hardware limits the application of CAM within situations where higher searching speed is extremely desired. Spintronics

Zhenye Jiang

2009-01-01

267

Integrating Language and Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The definition of "English language classroom" is changing. When students have the opportunity to learn content and language at the same time, disciplinary boundaries overlap. Teachers are rethinking how they design courses, plan lessons, assess students, and collaborate with colleagues to support student learning and facilitate their own…

Nordmeyer, Jon, Ed.; Barduhn, Susan, Ed.

2010-01-01

268

Content Extraction Signatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by emerging needs in online interactions, we dene a new type of digital signature called a 'Content Extraction Signature' (CES). A CES allows the owner, Bob, of a document signed by Alice, to produce an 'extracted signature' on selected extracted portions of the original document, which can be veried to originate from Alice by any third party Cathy, while

Ron Steinfeld; Laurence Bull; Yuliang Zheng

2001-01-01

269

Integrating Language and Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The definition of "English language classroom" is changing. When students have the opportunity to learn content and language at the same time, disciplinary boundaries overlap. Teachers are rethinking how they design courses, plan lessons, assess students, and collaborate with colleagues to support student learning and facilitate their own…

Nordmeyer, Jon, Ed.; Barduhn, Susan, Ed.

2010-01-01

270

Nostalgia: Content, Triggers, Functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven methodologically diverse studies addressed 3 fundamental questions about nostalgia. Studies 1 and 2 examined the content of nostalgic experiences. Descriptions of nostalgic experiences typically featured the self as a protagonist in interactions with close others (e.g., friends) or in momentous events (e.g., weddings). Also, the descriptions contained more expressions of positive than negative affect and often depicted the redemption

Tim Wildschut; Constantine Sedikides; Jamie Arndt; Clay Routledge

2006-01-01

271

Effect on fuel efficiency of parameter variations in the cost function for multivariable control of a turbofan engine. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

In modern turbofan engines, variable geometry has been incorporated to improve some off-design performance. Most control designs ignore this variable geometry and use fuel metering as the primary control input. This thesis investigates the use of variable geometry to control the engine and, thereby, reduce fuel consumption due to transients. Additionally, steady-state trim conditions are altered to reduce the static fuel consumption. The non-linear transient simualtion program is used to analyze the steady-state operating condition and develop small perturbation control limitations. Linear models, both large and reduced order, are used in analyzing the effect of controllers on system response. A computer program was generated to reduce a large order linear model to a usable size for control system development. This analysis shows the reduced-order regime dependent controllers to be viable and to favorably enhance the quest for reducing specific fuel consumption in existing engines.

Dougherty, B.L.

1981-09-01

272

Study of magnetic activity effects on the thermospheric winds in the low ionosphere. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this thesis is to examine the effects of magnetic activity on the low latitude F-region thermospheric winds. The F-region (120-1600 km) is a partially ionized medium where O+ and O are the major ion and neutral species, respectively. The thermospheric winds at these altitudes are driven primarily by pressure gradient forces resulting from the solar heating during the day and cooling at night. For this study, the author used measured Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) winds at Arequipa (16.5 deg S, 71.5 deg W) and measured FPI and incoherent Scatter Radar (ISR) winds at Arecibo (18.6 deg N, 66.8 deg W).

Davila, R.C.

1994-09-01

273

Parallel Ada implementation of a multiple-model Kalman-filter tracking system: a software engineering approach. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The success of the Strategic Defense Initiative depends directly on significant advances in both computer hardware and software development technologies. Parallel architectures and the Ada programming language have advantages that make them candidates for use in SDI command and control computer systems. This thesis examines those advantages in the context of an SDI-type application: implementation of a Kalman-filter tracking system. This research consists of three parts. The first is a set of software engineering guidelines developed for use in creating parallel designs suitable for implementation in Ada. These guidelines cover the design process from initial problem analysis to final detailed design. Methods of problem decomposition are discussed, as are language partitioning strategies. Justification is provided for using the Ada task construct for process boundaries, and Ada multitasking design issues are reviewed. A parallel software design methodology is also described.

Lemanski, W.J.

1989-03-01

274

Survivability of the hardened mobile launcher when attacked by a hypothetical rapidly retargetable ICBM system. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis evaluates the survivability of the hardened mobile launcher system (HML) against a hypothetical enemy ICBM system. The hypothetical system has two key capabilities: it can obtain near real-time intelligence information regarding the HML's location, and it can be retargeted in flight (as necessary) according to the intelligence information. Thus, the hypothetical ICBM threat systems can attack individual HMLs directly rather than rely on a barrage attack against HML bases. Monte Carlo simulation is used to approach the problem. The model is an MBASIC computer program, written and runs on an Apple Macintosh computer. The model simulates the flight of the attacking ICBMs (there may be as few as one or as many as 14 warheads directed at each HML) and the random dispersal tactics of a single HML. The model determines the locations of the detonations and the location of the HML at time of detonation. Based on these locations, probability of kill due to peak-blast overpressure is calculated. A key parameter in the model is intelligence / retargeting cycle time -- the time required to obtain intelligence and retarget accordingly. This time is varied from 1-30 minutes. The model also allows variations in HML speed and hardness and threat system CEP. A subroutine for examining the effects of neutron fratricide on the attacking warheads is included (although the effects were found to be negligible). The thesis concludes that very small intelligence/retargeting cycle times are required for this to be an effective weapon system against the HML. Thus, with today's (or near future) technology, the HML can be considered a very survivable system.

Gearhart, D.J.; Merrow, S.F.

1986-03-01

275

Cognitive Content Engagement in Content-Based Language Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports a study of aspects of pedagogy that can bring about students' cognitive engagement with academic content and, thus, use of the academic language in content-based language lessons in three middle schools in Xi'an, China. Two criteria--academic content level and depth of processing--were used to determine cognitive content…

Kong, Stella; Hoare, Philip

2011-01-01

276

Cognitive Content Engagement in Content-Based Language Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study of aspects of pedagogy that can bring about students' cognitive engagement with academic content and, thus, use of the academic language in content-based language lessons in three middle schools in Xi'an, China. Two criteria--academic content level and depth of processing--were used to determine cognitive content…

Kong, Stella; Hoare, Philip

2011-01-01

277

Math: Basic Skills Content Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents content standards tables for math. [CASAS content standards tables are designed for educators at national, state and local levels to inform the alignment of content standards, instruction and assessment. The Content Standards along with the CASAS Competencies form the basis of the CASAS integrated assessment and curriculum…

CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

278

Thesis and Antithesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Behind every educational concept an opposing notion is waiting for recognition. Despite their avowed objectives, however, academic debates do not always encourage the discussion of opposing views. A review of sessions at the December 2011 Online Educa Conference illustrates that point and others about academic meetings. Opposing viewpoints may be…

Baggaley, Jon

2012-01-01

279

Thesis and antithesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behind every educational concept an opposing notion is waiting for recognition. Despite their avowed objectives, however, academic debates do not always encourage the discussion of opposing views. A review of sessions at the December 2011 Online Educa Conference illustrates that point and others about academic meetings. Opposing viewpoints may be valid in specific situations and eras, however, and dynamic shifts

Jon Baggaley

2012-01-01

280

1997 THESIS ABSTRACTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC) trains students in foreign languages for the Depart- ment of Defense. The majority of the students in the basic courses of instruction are enlisted personnel with less than one year of military service. This study analyzes attrition from the basic language courses in an attempt to clarify an observed increase in attrition

Achilles Anastasopoulos-Lieutenant

1997-01-01

281

A CPV Thesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The viability of a concentrator technology is determined by five interrelated factors: economic benefit, cell performance under concentration, thermal management, optical performance and manufacturability. Considering these factors, the 5- 10x concentration range is ideal for silicon-based receivers because this level of concentration captures the bulk of available economic gains while mitigating technical risk. Significant gains in capital efficiency are forsaken below the 5x concentration level. Above the 10x level of concentration, marginal improvements to economic benefit are achieved, but threats to reliability emerge and tend to erode the available economic benefit. Furthermore, optic solutions that provide for concentration above 10x tend to force a departure from low-profile flat-plate designs that are most adoptable. For silicon based receivers, a 5-10x level of concentration within a traditional module form factor is optimal.

Schultz, David S.; Ghosh, Shondip; Grimmer, Christopher S.; Mack, Hunter

2011-09-01

282

Electron content over Tucuman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Faraday electron (NF) content over Tucuman, Argentina, was determined from ATS 3 and GOES 3 measurements conducted between April 1982 and March 1983 near the maximum of the second highest solar cycle. The NF over Tucuman was found to be characterized by a day-to-day temporal variability, semiannual variation, equatorial anomaly influence, different behaviors during magnetic storms, and occasional postsunset second maximum. In comparison to other stations, including Hamilton (Massachusetts, U.S.), Haifa (Israel), and Ascension Island, it was found that the maximum value of NF has a similar order of magnitude, but occurs later than at other stations. The winter anomaly was observed only at Northern Hemisphere stations.

Ezquer, Rodolfo G.; de Adler, N. Ortiz

1989-07-01

283

Inorganic contents of peats  

SciTech Connect

Peat, the precursor of coal, is composed primarily of plant components and secondarily of inorganic matter derived from a variety of sources. The elemental, mineralogic, and petrographic composition of a peat is controlled by a combination of both its botanical and depositional environment. Inorganic contents of peats can vary greatly between geographically separated peat bogs as well as vertially and horizontally within an individual bog. Predicting the form and distribution of inorganic matter in a coal deposit requires understanding the distribution and preservation of inorganic matter in peat-forming environments and diagenetic alterations affecting such material during late-stage peatification and coalification processes. 43 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Raymond, R. Jr.; Bish, D.L.; Cohen, A.D.

1988-02-01

284

Reverse content indexing  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A method for generating knowledge base entries by using a programmed computer with access to said knowledge base is disclosed. In one embodiment, after information is collected from content providers, the present invention attempts to generate questions which relate to the collected information. Such questions are presented to a non-expert user in view of received information. If the information does not answer the generated questions, the user modifies the questions so that the information becomes the solutions to them. Then these questions and solutions pairs are entered into the knowledge base.

Vora; Sanjay V. (Hillsboro, OR)

2001-08-28

285

Simulation of a solar powered electric vehicle under the constraints of the world solar challenge. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

Development of an effective method for evaluation of alternative energy sources in the automotive industry has always been a necessity for cost efficient design analysis. One viable alternative energy source is electricity. In the present day environment of shrinking fossil fuel supplies and environmental awareness, electric powered vehicles are becoming a low cost, non-polluting, alternative means of transportation. The analysis of reliable electric propulsion can be expensive without a modeling tool for evaluating design strategies before vehicle construction. This thesis explores electricity as an alternative energy source for the automobile of tomorrow. Under the guidelines of the World Solar challenge, a solar powered electric vehicle, using a permanent-magnet brushless dc motor has been modeled and simulated in Simulink (Dynamic System Simulation Software). The simulations were performed with the goal of determining the optimum configuration to efficiently utilize the power supplied from the solar array, batteries, and motor. The simulated vehicle was `driven` over various terrain`s and at various speeds. The results obtained confirm this simulation as an efficient design tool and present an example of an optimum vehicle speed for one particular vehicle configuration.

Roerig, S.J.

1995-03-01

286

Application of modern-control-design methodologies to a multi-segmented deformable-mirror system. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The multi-segmented deformable mirror system is proposed as an element for a portion of a ballistic missile defense system. The size of the mirror required for this defense function requires that the mirror be developed in segments, and then these segments should be phased together to produce one continuous, large optic. The application of multivariable control system synthesis techniques to provide closed-loop wavefront control of the deformable mirror system is the problem discussed in this thesis. The method of H at infinity control system synthesis using loop-shaping techniques was used to develop a controller that meets a robust performance specification. The number and location of sensors was treated as a design variable, and the structured singular value (mu) was used to determine the performance robustness of the deformable mirror system. Decentralized control issues are also addressed through the use of necessary conditions in an effort to determine a suitable decentralized control structure with performance similar to that of the centralized controller.

Vaughan, E.M.

1991-05-23

287

Developing an emission factor for hazardous air pollutants for an F-16 using JP-8 fuel. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The 1990 Clean Air Act amendments drastically changed the legislation of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) or air toxics. Title 3 of the act which specifically addresses HAPs now lists 189 substances which may require regulation as air toxics. Consequently, the reporting of HAP emissions from all Air Force operations will be required in the future. However, the Department of Defense (DoD) does not have methods available to report this information. This thesis develops emission factors for selected HAPs from an F-16 CD aircraft/F110 engine operating on JP-8 fuel. The methodology included: determining which HAPs should be selected, using past aircraft emission studies to estimate HAP concentrations for the F110 engine using JP-8 fuel selecting an emission factor formula to calculate emission factors for each HAP, testing the developed emission factors on an airfield operation. The estimated emission factors for each HAP for the F110 engine are low for all engine modes mainly because the F110 is a newer engine with high combustion efficiency. The resultant emission inventory shows that many HAPs would be classified as major sources under current Title 3 legislation. Thus, it is important to assess airfield operations to ensure they remain in compliance with the upcoming Title 3 legislation.

Van Schaack, D.J.

1994-09-01

288

Muslim oil and gas periphery; the future of hydrocarbons in Africa, southeast Asia and the Caspian. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis is a study of the contemporary political, economic, and technical developments and future prospects of the Muslim hydrocarbon exporters of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Caspian. The established Muslim oil and gas periphery of Africa and Southeast Asia has four members in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and is systemically increasing its production of natural gas. I analyze US government and corporate policies regarding the countries and the major dilemmas of the Muslim hydrocarbon periphery. The first chapter provides a selective overview of global energy source statistics; the policies, disposition and composition of the major hydrocarbon production and consumption players and communities; a selective background of OPEC and its impact on the globe; and a general portrait of how the Muslim periphery piece fits into the overall Muslim oil and gas puzzle. Chapter two analyzes the established Muslim oil and gas periphery of Africa and Southeast Asia asking the following questions: What are the major political, economic, and technical trends and dilemmas affecting these producer nations. And what are the United States` policies and relationships with these producers. Chapter three asks the same questions as chapter two, but with regard to the newly independent states of the Caspian Sea. I probe the regional petroleum exploration and transportation dilemmas in some detail.

Crockett, B.D.

1997-12-01

289

Content Description Model and Framework for Efficient Content Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a content description model and framework for efficient content distribution. The content description\\u000a model employs ideas from Resource Description Framework and External Annotation, which allow flexible descriptions for Web\\u000a content. The model also allows a server to efficiently select any subset of the descriptions of any Web page and deliver them\\u000a to a proxy. The

Chi-hung Chi; Lin Liu; Shutao Zhang

2006-01-01

290

Digital content management: the search for a content management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital content management system is a software system that provides preservation, organization and dissemination services for digital collections. By adapting the systems analysis process, the University of Arizona Library analyzed its needs and developed content management system requirements for finding a suitable information system that addresses the increasing needs of digital content management. Dozens of commercial and open source candidates

Yan Han

2004-01-01

291

Expert-system solution for the quantitative-condition assessment of electrical-distribution systems in the United States Air Force. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with a rapidly decreasing budget, the Air Force is in need of a method to objectively evaluate its aging utility infrastructure assets. This objective evaluation could be used to compare similar facility infrastructure systems for identification of possible problem areas and prioritization of major repair projects. This thesis developed a component model which can be used to objectively evaluate

Paine

1991-01-01

292

A Test of the Homogeneity Thesis of the Culture of Poverty Theory: Characteristics of Disadvantaged Farm Families. Tech. Bul. No. 248, December 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing data derived from a stratified random sample of disadvantaged farm families (DFF) living in 3 northeastern North Carolina counties (N=42, 56, and 32 families from Bertie, Halifax, and Northampton respectively), study objectives were to test the homogeneity thesis of the culture of poverty theory via a comparison of a selected set of…

White, Estelle E.; Clay, Rex J.

293

Social aspects of Attention Deficits Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) A review of the doctoral thesis by Peik Gustafsson: Bio-social aspects of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gustafsson's purpose was to study biological and social factors of importance for the diagnosis ADHD. The focus is on how biological factors are related to ADHD symptoms, how family function is related and how the family reacts when the ADHD symptoms have diminished. The thesis includes four studies described in four different papers and a short summary in Swedish. The

Ingegerd Ericsson

294

Assessment of the fiscal year 1997 Department of Defense budget and program activities for domestic defense against weapons of mass destruction. Master`s thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines Department of Defense involvement in U.S. preparedness to manage the consequences of a nuclear, radiological, biological, or chemical terrorist attack against its cities. It analyzes the establishment and implementation of the Defense Against Weapons of Mass Destruction Act of 1996 which directed the Department of Defense to assist in the training of state and local emergency response

1997-01-01

295

Methylguanidine content in food.  

PubMed

A combination of column chromatography using microcrystalline cellulose and ion-exchange resin, paper chromatography, gas chromatography, and gas chromatogrraphy-mass spectometry was used to determine the content of methylguanidine in various meats of fish and animals, and their processed products. All the samples of fresh fish meat and beef analyzed contained trace amounts (0.2 approximately 0.9 ppm) of methylguanidine. Various types of dried or canned fish also contained trace amounts, while most of the "Bushi-rui," a highly processed dried meat of bonito, mackerel, or sardine contained 21 to 106 ppm of the compound. Two brands of peptone made by digesting meat probably with pepsin and trypsin also contained 12 and 70 ppm of methylguanidine, respectively. Samples of ham, sausage, salami sausage, powdered skim-milk, and a few others did not contain any detectable amount (less than 0.2 ppm). PMID:1017583

Fujinaka, N; Masuda, Y; Kuratsune, M

1976-10-01

296

Image Content Engine (ICE)  

SciTech Connect

The Image Content Engine (ICE) is being developed to provide cueing assistance to human image analysts faced with increasingly large and intractable amounts of image data. The ICE architecture includes user configurable feature extraction pipelines which produce intermediate feature vector and match surface files which can then be accessed by interactive relational queries. Application of the feature extraction algorithms to large collections of images may be extremely time consuming and is launched as a batch job on a Linux cluster. The query interface accesses only the intermediate files and returns candidate hits nearly instantaneously. Queries may be posed for individual objects or collections. The query interface prompts the user for feedback, and applies relevance feedback algorithms to revise the feature vector weighting and focus on relevant search results. Examples of feature extraction and both model-based and search-by-example queries are presented.

Brase, J M

2007-03-26

297

Consumers' willingness to depend on user generated content and producer generated content within e-commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explored factors that influence an individuals' willingness to depend upon information encountered during an online information search. Willingness to depend is identified as a trusting intention: a decision to make oneself vulnerable to a website (Mcknight, Choudhury and Kacmur, 2002). This thesis applied the definition to online information. Two factors were proposed for building trust in online information:

Jania E Bell

2009-01-01

298

Content Independence in Multimedia Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates the role of data management in multimedia digital libraries, and its implications for the design of database management systems. Introduces the notions of content abstraction and content independence. Proposes a blueprint of a new class of database technology, which supports the basic functionality for the management of both content…

de Vries, Arjen P.

2001-01-01

299

Laser photoionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nitrated heterocyclic compounds. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Partial Contents: Laser Desorption-Laser Photoionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry; Basic Principles of TOFMS; Factors Affecting Flight Time; Source of Broadening; Laser Desorption; Theory of Multiphoton Ionization: Application to Mass Spectrometry; Quantum Theory of MPI; Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory; Time-Dependent Coefficients; Probability of a Two-Photon Process; and Attributes of R2PI.

Noyes, R.A.

1993-01-01

300

Multiprocessor memory contention  

SciTech Connect

Caches are frequently incorporated in processor architectures to increase the effective memory speed and to reduce memory contention. However, task switches and the coherency problems of large n-way, mainframe-class multiprocessors lessen the effectiveness of cache architectures for general-purpose applications. A proposed alternative approach is to increase the effective memory bandwidth and decrease memory-access delays through instruction prefetch, operand buffering, highly interleave memory, and multiple-word width processor-memory data paths. This approach was evaluated by comparing cache and noncache system performance, using discrete-event simulation. Since the performance of a multiprocessor architecture is a function of its operating environment was well as its design, the system workload was defined. General-purpose applications, running under multitasking operating systems, were characterized with respect to addressing patterns, paging rates, and frequency of input/output operations. The proposed noncache architecture was found to have performance comparable to that of the cache architectures and obviated then need to solve the cache coherency problem.

Knadler, C.E. Jr.

1989-01-01

301

Vitamin contents of archaebacteria.  

PubMed Central

The levels of six water-soluble vitamins of seven archaebacterial species were determined and compared with the levels found in a eubacterium, Escherichia coli. Biotin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, nicotinic acid, pyridoxine, and lipoic acid contents of Halobacterium volcanii, Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum delta H, "Archaeoglobus fulgidus" VC-16, Thermococcus celer, Pyrodictium occultum, Thermoproteus tenax, and Sulfolobus solfataricus were measured by using bioassays. The archaebacteria examined were found to contain these vitamins at levels similar to or significantly below the levels found in in E. coli. Riboflavin was found at levels comparable to those in E. coli. Pyridoxine was as abundant among the archaebacteria of the methanogenhalophile branch as in E. coli. It was only one-half as abundant in the sulfur-metabolizing branch. "A. fulgidus," however, contained only 4% as much pyridoxine as E. coli. Nicotinic and pantothenic acids were approximately 10-fold less abundant (except for a 200-fold-lower nicotinic acid level in "A. fulgidus"). Nicotinic acid may be replaced by an 8-hydroxy-5-deazaflavin coenzyme (factor F420) in some archaebacteria (such as "A. fulgidus"). Compared with the level in E. coli, biotin was equally as abundant in Thermococcus celer and Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum, about one-fourth less abundant in P. occultum and "A. fulgidus," and 25 to over 100 times less abundant in the others. The level of lipoic acid was up to 20 times lower in H. volcanii, Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum, and Thermococcus celer. It was over two orders of magnitude lower among the remaining organisms. With the exception of "A. fulgidus," lipoic acid, pantothenic acid, and pyridoxine were more abundant in the members of the methanogen-halophile branch of the archaebacteria than in the sulfur-metabolizing branch.

Noll, K M; Barber, T S

1988-01-01

302

Oxidation at intermediate moisture contents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the study of the oxidation rate of methyl linoleate in protein and cellulose systems, a prooxidant effect was found at\\u000a intermediate moisture contents. At low water content, water hydrates metals and hydrogen bonds with peroxides, and an overall\\u000a decrease in the rate of lipid oxidation results. With an increase in the water content to the region with a water

T. P. Labuza; N. D. Heidelbaugh; M. Silver; M. Karel

1971-01-01

303

Adding Content Types and Fields  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Content types are probably one of the most important things to understand about Drupal. In this chapter, I discuss what content\\u000a types are, how you can use them to your advantage, and how to create one. Content types also have fields associated with them,\\u000a and I take an in-depth look at the various fields provided by Drupal. I close the

Robert J. Townsend; Stephanie Pakrul

304

Page content rank: an approach to the web content mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods of web data mining can be divided into several categories according to a kind of mined information and goals that particular categories set: Web structure mining (WSM), Web usage mining (WUM), and Web Content Mining (WCM). The objective of this paper is to propose a new WCM method of a page relevance ranking based on the page content exploration.

Jaroslav Pokornż; Jozef Smizanskż

2005-01-01

305

Computer modeling of high-voltage solar array experiment using the NASCAP\\/LEO (NASA Charging Analyzer Program\\/Low Earth Orbit) computer code. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis predicted interactions between the Interactions Measurement Payload for Shuttle (IMPS) flight experiment and the low-earth-orbit plasma environment. Two interactions (parasitic current loss and electrostatic discharge on the array) may be detrimental to mission effectiveness. They result from the spacecraft's electrical potentials floating relative to plasma ground to achieve a charge-flow equilibrium into the spacecraft. The floating potentials were

Reichl

1987-01-01

306

Luwak: a content management solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To inform librarians about the benefits, costs, and technologies involved in implementing a content management system. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A discussion of how XML is used to separate content from presentation, how this technology is used in a home-grown freeware application, and the results of converting a static website into a database driven one through the use of this

Matt Benzing

2006-01-01

307

Vitamin Content of Camel Milk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: The content of vitamin C, vitamin B2 and fat-soluble vitamins E and A in camel milk was studied. The milk samples were collected from 20 individual camels (Camelus dromedarius) in two different occasions. The study showed that camel milk contains considerably less vitamin A and B2 than cow milk while the content of vitamin E was about the same

Z. FARAH; R. RETTENMAIER; D. ATKINS

308

72: Measuring Soil Water Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major advances in the measurement of soil water content have arisen from electromagnetic (EM) methods that have developed rapidly in the last 20years. Estimates of water content from EM measurements make use of the large relative permittivity of water compared to other soil components. Time domain reflectometry (TDR) and capacitance approaches use \\

G CLARKE TOPP

309

The Pragmatics Of Inferential Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carnap took the content of a particularsentence or set of sentences to consist in the set ofthe consequences of the sentence or set. This claimequates meaning with inferential role, but itrestricts the inferences to deductive or explicativeones. Here I reject a recent proposal by RobertBrandom, where inductive or ampliative inferences arealso meant to confer contents on expressions. I arguethat if

Wolfram Hinzen

2001-01-01

310

CREATION OF SYMPATHETIC MEDIA CONTENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking ground in the enactive view, a recent trend in cog- nitive science, we propose a framework for the creation of sympathetic media content. The notion of sympathetic me- dia content is based on two concepts: synesthetic media and empathic media transmission. Synesthetic media is media that make use of multiple and alternative senses. The approach is to reconsider traditional

Stephane Perrin; Giuseppe Riva; Alvaro Cassinelli

2008-01-01

311

Teaching Content through the Arts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Policymakers sometimes view arts education and experiential learning as distractions from the goal of enabling all students to master rigorous content standards. The three school programs described in this article, however, demonstrate that content standards can be integrated into engaging, motivating curriculums based on the arts and authentic…

Feller, Thomas R., Jr.; Gibbs-Griffith, Brian; D'Acquisto, Linda; Khourey-Bowers, Claudia; Croley, Cynthia B.

2007-01-01

312

Reverse Psychologism, Cognition and Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

The confusion between cognitive states and the content of cognitive states that gives rise to psychologism also gives rise to reverse psychologism. Weak reverse psychologism says that we can study cognitive states by studying content – for instance, that we can study the mind by studying linguistics or logic. This attitude is endemic in cognitive science and linguistic theory. Strong

Terry Dartnall

2000-01-01

313

Content filtering for broadcasting media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In modern digital broadcasting environment, broadcasting content filtering could provide a useful function that a TV viewer can find or store personal desired scenes from programs of multiple channels and it can be done even when one is watching a program from other channel. To achieve the filtering function in live broadcast, real-time processing is needed basically. In this paper, a broadcasting content filtering algorithm is proposed and filtering system requirements for the real-time content filtering are analyzed. To achieve real-time content processing, a buffer control algorithm is proposed as well. The usefulness of the broadcasting content filtering is demonstrated with experiments on a test-bed system.

Jin, Sung Ho; Cho, Jun Ho; Bae, Tae Meon; Ro, Yong Man; Kang, Kyeongok

2004-12-01

314

Content Locality in Distributed Digital Libraries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper introduces the notion of content locality in distributed document collections. Content locality is the degree to which content-similar documents are colocated in a distributed collection. We propose two metrics for measurement of content locali...

C. L. Viles J. C. French

1999-01-01

315

Content for one: developing a personal content management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

You may have browsed or searched one of the large Content Management Systems that store and display useful information; many universities, departments, and library research desks have turned to these to manage both their long-term reference materials and daily-changing data. What if we'd like to manage our own content, but our staff consists of one overworked, time-challenged, long-term-memory-impaired worker: ourself?My

Doug L. Simpson

2005-01-01

316

CDNs Content Outsourcing via Generalized Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content distribution networks (CDNs) balance costs and quality in services related to content delivery. Devising an efficient content outsourcing policy is crucial since, based on such policies, CDN providers can provide client-tailored content, improve performance, and result in significant economical gains. Earlier content outsourcing approaches may often prove ineffective since they drive prefetching decisions by assuming knowledge of content popularity

Dimitrios Katsaros; George Pallis; Konstantinos Stamos; Athena Vakali; Antonis Sidiropoulos; Yannis Manolopoulos

2009-01-01

317

Visual Analysis of Weblog Content  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, one of the advances of the World Wide Web is social media and one of the fastest growing aspects of social media is the blogosphere. Blogs make content creation easy and are highly accessible through web pages and syndication. With their growing influence, a need has arisen to be able to monitor the opinions and insight revealed within their content. In this paper we describe a technical approach for analyzing the content of blog data using a visual analytic tool, IN-SPIRE, developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. We highlight the capabilities of this tool that are particularly useful for information gathering from blog data.

Gregory, Michelle L.; Payne, Deborah A.; McColgin, Dave; Cramer, Nick O.; Love, Douglas V.

2007-03-26

318

9 CFR 317.360 - Nutrient content claims for calorie content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Nutrient content claims for calorie content. 317.360 Section...Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE...Nutrient content claims for calorie content. (a) General requirements. A claim about the calorie or sugar content of a...

2009-01-01

319

9 CFR 381.460 - Nutrient content claims for calorie content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Nutrient content claims for calorie content. 381.460 Section...Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE...Nutrient content claims for calorie content. (a) General requirements. A claim about the calorie or sugar content of a...

2010-01-01

320

9 CFR 317.360 - Nutrient content claims for calorie content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Nutrient content claims for calorie content. 317.360 Section...Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE...Nutrient content claims for calorie content. (a) General requirements. A claim about the calorie or sugar content of a...

2010-01-01

321

9 CFR 381.460 - Nutrient content claims for calorie content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Nutrient content claims for calorie content. 381.460 Section...Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE...Nutrient content claims for calorie content. (a) General requirements. A claim about the calorie or sugar content of a...

2009-01-01

322

BAZTECH: Polish Technical Journal Contents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article describes the development and use of the database BAZTECH: Polish Technical Journal Contents. The database indexes Polish-language scientific and technical journals, and is available free-of-charge on the Internet.

Lidia Derfert-Wolf

2004-01-01

323

Cork hygroscopic equilibrium moisture content  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work is related to the establishment of the curves of cork moisture content in hygroscopic equilibrium (HEM curves),\\u000a which allow to predict the moisture content of cork planks, one of the most important parameters in cork trading and processing.\\u000a HEM curves for 20 °C and 40 °C based on an empirical model related to experimental data, were mathematically treated

L. Gil; P. Cortiēo

1998-01-01

324

Algorithms for Scalable Content Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter, we address how to achieve scalable content distributions. We present two contributions, each of which uses\\u000a a different approach to distribute the content.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a In the first part of this chapter, we consider a terrestrial overlay network and build on top of it a VoD service for fixed\\u000a clients. The goal is to minimize the operational cost of

Ernst W. Biersack; Anwar Al Hamra; Guillaume Urvoy-keller; David Choi; Dimitrios N. Serpanos; Apostolos Traganitis

2003-01-01

325

High temperature Knudsen effusion-mass spectrometric studies of the Y-Ba-Cu-O system. Ph. D. Thesis  

SciTech Connect

The vaporization of copper from YBa2Cu3O(7{minus}x) was studied by Knudsen Effusion Mass Spectrometry (KEMS). The oxygen content at the starting temperature of the vaporization studies was inferred to be 6.24. The vapor pressures yielded activities and chemical potential differences of Cu in equilibrium with YBa2Cu3O(6.24). The residues after the experiments were found by X-ray diffraction to be principally Y2BaCuO5. The relative merits of BaCO3 compared to Ba(NO3)2 as precursor in the synthesis of YBa2Cu3O(7{minus}x) superconductor were examined. Samples of YBa2Cu3O(7{minus}x) were prepared using Y2O3, CuO and either Ba(NO3)2 or BaCO3. These samples were studied using KEMS and SEM-EDAX to determine if levels of carbonate in the sample were reduced by using Ba(NO3)2 as a starting material. The results showed that samples prepared using the nitrate compound were significantly lower in carbonate than the samples prepared using the carbonate.

Myers, D.L.; Wahlbeck, P.G.

1991-01-01

326

Toxicity of polychlorinated diphenyl ethers in hydra attenuata and in rat whole-embryo culture. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Polychlorinated diphenyl ethers (PCDEs) are a class of biaryl compounds that have little commercial application, but appear to be widespread in the environment. They have been found in wood preservative waste dumpsites and in fly ash from municipal waste incinerators. They have been detected in bird eggs and tissues, fish, and other edible marine organisms in the United States, Canada, and Europe. There are limited reports in the extant literature on the toxicity of PCDEs. This study was designed to evaluate the toxicity of selected PCDEs in cultures of Hydra attenuata and post-implantation rat whole embryos. The toxicity of several closely related polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was evaluated in both cultures and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) was evaluated in whole embryo culture. Embryonic growth and development parameters (yolk sac diameter, crown-rump length, somite count, and DNA and protein content) and gross morphology were determined. Findings indicated that these chemicals were neither embryotoxic nor teratogenic. Thus, the PCDEs, which elicit other diverse toxic and biochemical responses in rodents, are relatively inactive in these bioassays for developmental toxicity.

Becker, M.C.

1991-05-01

327

Content Analysis of Defense Budget Rhetoric.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In accordance with federal law, the President is required to present to Congress a budget of the United States government by February of each year. This action marks the beginning of the legislative phase of the federal budget process. This thesis provide...

C. D. Barksdale

2011-01-01

328

CONTENTS  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... to Adalimumab: OTIS Autoimmune Diseases in Pregnancy ... medical history of smoking 20 cigarettes ... treatment of Crohn's disease; both medications ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

329

Psychometrics of A New Questionnaire to Assess Glaucoma Adherence: The Glaucoma Treatment Compliance Assessment Tool (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To report the psychometrics of the Glaucoma Treatment Compliance Assessment Tool (GTCAT), a new questionnaire designed to assess adherence with glaucoma therapy. Methods: We developed the questionnaire according to the constructs of the Health Belief Model. We evaluated the questionnaire using data from a cross-sectional study with focus groups (n = 20) and a prospective observational case series (n=58). Principal components analysis provided assessment of construct validity. We repeated the questionnaire after 3 months for test-retest reliability. We evaluated predictive validity using an electronic dosing monitor as an objective measure of adherence. Results: Focus group participants provided 931 statements related to adherence, of which 88.7% (826/931) could be categorized into the constructs of the Health Belief Model. Perceived barriers accounted for 31% (288/931) of statements, cues-to-action 14% (131/931), susceptibility 12% (116/931), benefits 12% (115/931), severity 10% (91/931), and self-efficacy 9% (85/931). The principal components analysis explained 77% of the variance with five components representing Health Belief Model constructs. Reliability analyses showed acceptable Cronbach’s alphas (>.70) for four of the seven components (severity, susceptibility, barriers [eye drop administration], and barriers [discomfort]). Predictive validity was high, with several Health Belief Model questions significantly associated (P <.05) with adherence and a correlation coefficient (R2) of .40. Test-retest reliability was 90%. Conclusion: The GTCAT shows excellent repeatability, content, construct, and predictive validity for glaucoma adherence. A multisite trial is needed to determine whether the results can be generalized and whether the questionnaire accurately measures the effect of interventions to increase adherence.

Mansberger, Steven L.; Sheppler, Christina R.; McClure, Tina M.; VanAlstine, Cory L.; Swanson, Ingrid L.; Stoumbos, Zoey; Lambert, William E.

2013-01-01

330

Risk assessment of the health liabilities from exposure to toxic metals found in the composted material of Air Force municipal solid waste. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis assesses the risk of the health liabilities from exposure to toxic metals found in the composted material of Air Force municipal solid waste (MSW). The goal is to determine the probability that the composted MSW could be a health hazard if it were used as a soil amendment. The research limited the assessment of the exposure risk to heavy metals found in raw MSW and its resulting compost. The thesis uses reviews of present literature to examine the food and soil ingestion exposure pathways. These pathways are assessed using the heavy metal concentrations found in MSW compost and the soil-plant partition coefficients of vegetables grown in soil mixed with sewage sludge or soil irrigated with sewage sludge or soil irrigated with sewage sludge leachate. The recommendation resulting from this research is that the Air Force should not use MSW composting as part of its future solid waste management plan. This alternative to landfilling contains a chronic health risk that is greater than the Environmental Protection Agency's guideline. If the Air Force would use MSW composting in the future, it may endanger Air Force personnel and others who use the compost created from Air Force MSW. Risk assessment, Heavy metals, Recycling municipal solid waste, Pollution, Composting.

Merrymon, T.L.

1993-09-01

331

Safeguarding Digital Library Contents: Charging for Online Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates the need for mechanisms for charging by digital libraries and other providers of online content, in particular for micropayments, i.e., charging for small amounts. The SSL (Secure Socket Layer) and SET (Secure Electronic Transactions) protocols for charge card payments and the MiniPay micropayment mechanism for charging small amounts…

Herzberg, Amir

1998-01-01

332

Content Management for a Content-Rich Website.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last year the J. Paul Getty Trust's Web presence has evolved from a group of disparate, independently maintained Web sites into a homogeneous consistently branded one. This transformation recently culminated with the implementation of a leading Content Management System (CMS). There were and are many process-changes and challenges in…

Honeysett, Nik

333

7 CFR 58.134 - Sediment content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Methods for determining the sediment content of the milk of individual producers...Examination of Dairy Products. Sediment content shall be based on comparison with applicable...Standardization Branch. (b) Sediment content classification. Milk...

2009-01-01

334

7 CFR 58.134 - Sediment content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Methods for determining the sediment content of the milk of individual producers...Examination of Dairy Products. Sediment content shall be based on comparison with applicable...Standardization Branch. (b) Sediment content classification. Milk...

2010-01-01

335

Optimizing chlorophyll content in soybean  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Traditionally, leaf chlorophyll content has not been among the target traits for improving crop yield. However, current chlorophyll concentrations may be in excess of the amount that would maximize the season integral of photosynthesis in a crop monoculture, such as soybean, that achieves a high lea...

336

STEREOTYPE CONTENT AND SOCIAL DISTANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project examined effects of stereotype content and uniformity on social distance regarding homosexuals. Administration of an adjective checklist and social distance scale to 538 undergraduates resulted in identification of “traits” that change social distance. Those traits that positively correlated with distance at or beyond the .05 level was: “cowardly,” “sly,” “suspicious,” “shrewd,” “stupid,” “impulsive,” and “ignorant.” Traits that correlated

Gregory R. Staats

1978-01-01

337

Issues in Web Content Replication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web content replication began as explicit manual mirroring of Web sites. It has since evolved into user- transparent request distribution among a static set of mirr ors. The next step (especially important for large-scale Web hosting service providers) is dynamic cont ent replication, where object replicas are cre- ated, deleted, or migrated among Web hosts in response to cha nging

Michael Rabinovich

1998-01-01

338

Content-Boosted Collaborative Filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most recommender systems use Collaborative Filtering or Content-based methods to predict new items of interest for a user. While both methods have their own advantages, individually they fail to provide good recommendations in many situations. Incorporating components from both methods, a hybrid recommender system can overcome these shortcomings. In this paper, we present an elegant and effective framework for combining

Prem Melville; Raymond J. Mooney; Ramadass Nagarajan

2001-01-01

339

Information Gateways: Collaboration on Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, informed by discussion of content activities at the 1999 IMesh Workshop, considers implications for subject based gateways of co-operation regarding coverage policy, creation of metadata, and provision of searching and browsing across services. Other possibilities for co-operation include working more closely with information…

Heery, Rachel

2000-01-01

340

Colorado Model Content Standards: Civics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These Colorado state civics content standards summarize the knowledge and skills that are the basis of responsible citizenship whether it is taught in history, geography, or other social studies courses. The guide points out that civics should be a central concern from kindergarten through twelfth grade. It is through systematic instruction in…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

341

Validity in Quantitative Content Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 15 years, educational technologists have been dabbling with a research technique known as quantitative content analysis (QCA). Although it is characterized as a systematic and objective procedure for describing communication, readers find insufficient evidence of either quality in published reports. In this paper, it is argued that…

Rourke, Liam; Anderson, Terry

2004-01-01

342

Content Reading in Science Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science education depends on literacy. But adding reading to a curriculum that is already packed with content, experiments, and activities can be tough. So how can a teacher accomplish this, while ensuring that students have multiple opportunities for valuable inquiry learning? This Idea Bank provides three strategies for integrating reading into…

Singletary, James

2010-01-01

343

RACE AND ONLINE CONTENT CREATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The user-generated Web provides new tools for participation by creating content. Drawing from uses and gratifications and social identity gratifications paradigms, the authors investigated quantitatively the differentiated uses of participatory technologies among diverse racial and ethnic groups of college students. Using qualitative techniques, we also explored the different discourses and meanings these social groups attach to these tools. A survey

Teresa Correa; Sun Ho Jeong

2011-01-01

344

Children's Processing Of Television Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research on cognitive processing of typical television programs has revealed pronounced age differences in children's retention of essential information from portrayals of social behavior, roles, and auitudes. Furthermore, inferences relevant to the meaning of program content and the circumstances under which portrayed actions occur are markedly poorer for preschool and young school-age viewers than for preadolescents and adolescents. Implications

W. Andrew Collins

1983-01-01

345

The Contents of My Backpack  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Mr. Goldman empties his backpack, his philosophy of teaching spills out, along with an interesting assortment of odds and ends. In this article Mr. Goldman describes the contents of his L.L. Bean daypack with two large compartments in the back, a smaller forward compartment, and a little zippered pocket in the very front, along with his…

Goldman, Arthur

2004-01-01

346

Content Reading in Science Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science education depends on literacy. But adding reading to a curriculum that is already packed with content, experiments, and activities can be tough. So how can a teacher accomplish this, while ensuring that students have multiple opportunities for valuable inquiry learning? This Idea Bank provides three strategies for integrating reading into…

Singletary, James

2010-01-01

347

Visual Analysis of Weblog Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, one of the advances of the World Wide Web is social media and one of the fastest growing aspects of social media is the blogosphere. Blogs make content creation easy and are highly accessible through web pages and syndication. With their growing influence, a need has arisen to be able to monitor the opinions and insight revealed

David W. McColgin; Nicholas O. Cramer; Michelle L. Gregory; Deborah A. Payne; Douglas V. Love

2007-01-01

348

Genes associated to sucrose content  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Modern sugarcane cultivars are complex hybrids resulting from crosses among several species of the Saccharum genus. Traditional breeding methods have been extensively employed in different countries along the past decades to develop varieties with increased sucrose yield, and resistant to plagues and diseases. Conventional varietal improvement is, however, limited by the narrow pool of suitable markers. In this sense, molecular genetics is seen as a promising tool to assist in the process of molecular marker identification. The present invention concerns the identification of 348 genes associated with sucrose content in sugarcane plants. The genes were found to be differentially expressed when high sucrose and low sucrose plants and populations of plants were compared and/or when high and low sucrose internodes were compared. The expression data was obtained using cDNA microarray and quantitative PCR technologies. The genes identified can be used to identify, distinguish, characterize and/or develop plants with increased sucrose content. More preferably SEQ ID Nos: 1 to 203 should be useful as molecular markers. SEQ ID Nos: 204 to 228 are given as controls or examples of genes never associated with sucrose content. SEQ ID Nos. 1-203 and SEQ ID Nos. 229 to 373 can be targeted in the development of transgenic or non-transgenic varieties with increased sucrose content.

Souza; Glaucia Mendes (Sao Paulo, BR); Papini-Terzi; Flavia Stal (Sao Paulo, BR); Rocha; Flavia Riso (Sao Paulo, BR); Waclawovsky; Alessandro Jaquiel (Sao Paulo, BR); Vencio; Ricardo Zorzetto Nicollielo (Sao Paulo, BR); Marques; Joselia Oliveira (Sao Paulo, BR); de Maria Felix; Juliana (Campinas, BR); Teixeira; Marcelo Menossi (Campinas, BR); Buckeridge; Marcos (Rua do Matao, BR); Pereira de Souza; Amanda (Rua do Matao, BR); Ulian; Eug nio Cesar (Piracicaba, BR)

2010-06-08

349

Watermarking, steganography and content forensics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic watermarking is about 60 years old. However it was not until the beginning of the early 1990's that watermarking received widespread interest, due to concerns about piracy of digital content. In the subsequent decade, very significant progress has been made both in our theoretical understanding of digital watermarking and in its applications. In this talk we highlight some of

Ingemar J. Cox

2008-01-01

350

Arsenic content of homeopathic medicines  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to test the widely held assumption that homeopathic medicines contain negligible quantities of their major ingredients, six such medicines labeled in Latin as containing arsenic were purchased over the counter and by mail order and their arsenic contents measured. Values determined were similar to those expected from label information in only two of six and were markedly at

Harry D. Kerr; Leon A. Saryan

1986-01-01

351

Open Content in Open Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the challenges and rewards of sharing research content through a discussion of Open Context, a new open access data publication system for field sciences and museum collections. Open Context is the first data repository of its kind, allowing self-publication of research data, community commentary through tagging, and clear…

Kansa, Sarah Whitcher; Kansa, Eric C.

2007-01-01

352

Colorado Model Content Standards: Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Colorado Model Content Standards for Science specify what all students should know and be able to do in science as a result of their school studies. Specific expectations are given for students completing grades K-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12. Five standards outline the essential level of science knowledge and skills needed by Colorado citizens to…

Colorado Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

353

Digital Content: Making Learning Relevant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Approximately 15 states are changing their policies to give school districts more flexibility in acquiring content. They have changed laws or policies or have bills pending in state legislatures to redefine "textbooks". Most of those changes are similar to the approach Indiana took in its new law: a "textbook" is not only a book but also…

Levin, Douglas A.

2011-01-01

354

Behavioural economics of digital content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increased use of the Internet for the distribution of digital products allows firms to embrace new business models. These models provide higher levels of product customization. In search of a better match between products and consumers' willingness to pay, many online and mobile content providers have recently started to add new charging methods to their existing pricing strategies. Currently, a

Ranjan Dutta; Sirkka L. Jarvenpaa; Kerem Tomak

2004-01-01

355

THE MANIPULATION OF AFFECTIVE CONTENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the impact of the affective content of imagery scripts used in an imagery paradigm designed to elicit smoking urges in a laboratoty setting. Sixty cigarette smokers were instructed to vividly imagine 10 imagery scripts that described negative affect and explicit smoking urges, positive affect and explicit smoking urges, negative affect alone, positive affect alone, and neutral affect

STEPHEN T. TIFFANY; DAVID J. DROBES

356

9 CFR 381.461 - Nutrient content claims for the sodium content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Nutrient content claims for the sodium content. 381.461 Section 381...461 Nutrient content claims for the sodium content. (a) General requirements. A claim about the level of sodium in a product may only be made on...

2013-01-01

357

9 CFR 317.361 - Nutrient content claims for the sodium content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Nutrient content claims for the sodium content. 317.361 Section 317...361 Nutrient content claims for the sodium content. (a) General requirements. A claim about the level of sodium in a product may only be made on...

2013-01-01

358

9 CFR 317.362 - Nutrient content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Nutrient content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. 317.362...Nutrient content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. (a) General... A claim about the level of fat, fatty acid, and cholesterol in a product may...

2013-01-01

359

9 CFR 381.462 - Nutrient content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Nutrient content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. 381.462...Nutrient content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. (a) General... A claim about the level of fat, fatty acid, and cholesterol in a product may...

2013-01-01

360

From Content Management to E-Learning Content Repositories  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The concept of content in an educational context is very different from the one in other fields such as publishing or electronic\\u000a newspapers, for example. From textbooks to exercises, from software simulations to data sets containing educational data,\\u000a it is necessary to rethink the way these educational resources or “learning objects” are managed. One of the major concerns\\u000a for teachers

Julią Minguillón; Miguel-Angel Sicilia; Brian Lamb

361

The pathology informatics curriculum wiki: Harnessing the power of user-generated content  

PubMed Central

Background: The need for informatics training as part of pathology training has never been so critical, but pathology informatics is a wide and complex field and very few programs currently have the resources to provide comprehensive educational pathology informatics experiences to their residents. In this article, we present the “pathology informatics curriculum wiki”, an open, on-line wiki that indexes the pathology informatics content in a larger public wiki, Wikipedia, (and other online content) and organizes it into educational modules based on the 2003 standard curriculum approved by the Association for Pathology Informatics (API). Methods and Results: In addition to implementing the curriculum wiki at http://pathinformatics.wikispaces.com, we have evaluated pathology informatics content in Wikipedia. Of the 199 non-duplicate terms in the API curriculum, 90% have at least one associated Wikipedia article. Furthermore, evaluation of articles on a five-point Likert scale showed high scores for comprehensiveness (4.05), quality (4.08), currency (4.18), and utility for the beginner (3.85) and advanced (3.93) learners. These results are compelling and support the thesis that Wikipedia articles can be used as the foundation for a basic curriculum in pathology informatics. Conclusions: The pathology informatics community now has the infrastructure needed to collaboratively and openly create, maintain and distribute the pathology informatics content worldwide (Wikipedia) and also the environment (the curriculum wiki) to draw upon its own resources to index and organize this content as a sustainable basic pathology informatics educational resource. The remaining challenges are numerous, but largest by far will be to convince the pathologists to take the time and effort required to build pathology informatics content in Wikipedia and to index and organize this content for education in the curriculum wiki.

Kim, Ji Yeon; Gudewicz, Thomas M.; Dighe, Anand S.; Gilbertson, John R.

2010-01-01

362

Comparative analysis of passive-communications satellites employing the shf and hf spectrum for use in a strategic role. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Passive-communications satellites were instrumental in the evolution of todays satellite communications networks. However, ever since the successful deployment of the first geostationary satellite, research and development into passive-communications satellites has almost come to a halt. In addition to examining the characteristics of the historic passive satellites, this thesis evaluates the capabilities of a new design approach for a passive system. The passive backscatter array, which was initially proposed by Joseph Yater, was intended to provide an effective communications satellite with a large radar cross section. Primary emphasis is placed upon this system's survivability within a nuclear-stressed environment. The effects of a nuclear burst upon the propagation of an electromagnetic signal are evaluated so as to assess systems survivability.

Donadio, G.

1988-03-01

363

Authority of states of use section 401 water quality certification to deny or condition Federal Energy Regulatory Commission licenses. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis discusses a recent United States Supreme Court case that will have a profound influence on the licensure of hydroelectric projects and the related ability of States to protect the quality of their waters. On October 4, 1993, the Supreme Court granted a Writ of Certiorari to resolve a conflict among the state courts of last resort. This case involves two fundamental and competing national interests: the nation's thirst for cheap, dependable power versus its equally strong desire to improve the quality of its water resources. It also involves two underlying regulatory regimes that overlap and conflict with each other in some ways. This case illustrates how those two national interests and their underlying regulatory regimes cannot always be reconciled. It also demonstrates how Congress, with its muddled ways of passing legislation, can create conflicts between federal and state regulatory agencies.

Hart, E.O.

1994-09-01

364

Analysis of the effects of ionospheric sampling of reflection points near-path, for high-frequency single-site-location direction finding systems. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis suggests a method to estimate the current value of an ionospheric parameter. The proposed method is based on the known variability of the observed current values near path and utilizes data derived from ionospheric sampling measurements. Analysis of errors is provided in Single-Site-Location High-Frequency Direction Finding (SSL-HFDF), arising from ionospheric irregularities such as Es (sporadic E), ionospheric tilts, and traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs). The characteristics of Es, tilts and TIDs for mid-latitudes are summarized in tables. The spatial and temporal coherence of ionospheric variabilities and irregularities is analyzed over the electron density. Practical results, measurements, and studies are presented on SSL-HFDF. A survey of characteristics of the ionosphere in the equatorial region is also provided. Finally, some recommendations are given to maximize the applicability of the proposed method.

Filho, C.A.

1990-12-01

365

Design and construction of a c-w Nd:YAG laser using a single elliptical cavity and water-cooled krypton-arc-lamp pumping. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

A continuous-wave neodymium:YAG laser was designed and constructed using a water-cooled krypton arc lamp as the pump source in a single elliptical cavity. Operational testing of the system could not be done due to technical problems with running the arc, but fluorescence measurements on the cavity were made using a tungsten filament lamp. The results were compared with those of previous projects which employed circular cylindrical cavities. The elliptical cavity did not have the highly reflective gold coating present on the other cavities, and was not designed for the tungsten lamp. Despite this, the elliptic cavity's fluorescence output was greater than that recorded for the multi-lamp configurations at the same time input power levels. A detailed description of the design process used and sufficient information to implement recommendations and improve the overall system are given this thesis.

Burkett, B.T.

1984-12-01

366

Content-Based Image Indexing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We formulate the content-based image in- dexing problem as a multi-dimensional nearest-neighbor search problem, and de- velop\\/implement an optimistic vantage-point tree algorithm that can dynamically adapt the indexed search process to the character- istics of given queries. Based on our perfor- mance study, the system typically only needs to touch less than 20 % of the index entries for well

Tzi-cker Chiueh

1994-01-01

367

Content-specific achievement motives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assessment of achievement motives has mostly been realised in a broad manner, disregarding potential differences between content-specific achievement motives (e.g., regarding different school subjects). A sample of N=1084 German high-school students (grades 9 and 10, mean age: 15years) responded to a questionnaire in which the achievement motives “hope of success” and “fear of failure” were assessed (a) in general

Jörn R. Sparfeldt; Detlef H. Rost

2011-01-01

368

Selenium content of game meat  

SciTech Connect

Selenium (Se) content of elk, deer, bison and beef were measured and compared. Samples were obtained from animals grazed on soil known to contain high, but variable amounts of Se. Beef were feedlot grazed and elk, deer, and bison were from captive or semi-captive herds. Selenium content was determined by graphite furnace after high pressure wet microwave digestion of samples. Deer and bison contained more Se than elk or beef. On a dry weight basis, deer contained more Se than bison. Game species contained more Se than beef. Within samples from male elk and deer and elk and bison of both genders, there were interactions between specie and muscle effects. Muscle and gender did not significantly influence Se content. The animals from which these samples were taken were supplemented with feeds grown on high Se containing soils, which was reflected in all values. Se values were twofold higher than those previously reported for meat. Those consuming large quantities of game from areas with high Se soil may need to monitor Se intake to avoid consuming excessive quantities.

Medeiros, L.C.; Belden, R.P. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus (United States) Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie (United States))

1991-03-11

369

Digital content creation and copyright issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the modes of digital content creation for digital libraries and discuss the associated copyright issues with the types of digital content. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Prevalent copyright laws in India in the context of digital content have been studied and issues related to specific types of digital content have been discussed. Findings

G. Mahesh; Rekha Mittal

2009-01-01

370

Content Attended to in Evaluating Television's Credibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determining what aspects of television entertainment program content influence a viewer in his decision about the real/pretend nature of that content was the purpose of this study, in which interviews were conducted with children, adolescents, and adults. Interview responses were coded in categories of content cues, with the coding of content…

Graves, Sherryl B.

371

In support of content theories of art  

Microsoft Academic Search

A content theory of art would identify an artwork with the meaningful or representational content of some concrete artistic vehicle, such as the intentional, expressive, stylistic, and subject matter-related content embodied in, or resulting from, acts of intentional artistic expression by artists. Perhaps surprisingly, the resultant view that an artwork is nothing but content seems to have been without theoretical

John Dilworth

2007-01-01

372

Content management and the production of genres  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I suggest that granularized content management introduces as-yet-unexplored issues to genres of technical communication. I argue that content management, while it can, as advertised, free content and make it easy to reuse that content in multiple genres, that flexibility can create new problems for genres and genre systems, leading to problematic reuse, inflexible genre systems, rigid and

Dave Clark

2007-01-01

373

Content-based Instruction for African Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines content-based instruction for African languages and considers Schleicher's (2000) expatiation of goal-based instruction for African languages. Focuses on the parameters for content-based instruction, the profile of a content-based instructional program, the nature of content-based instruction, the first steps for African languages, and…

Moshi, Lioba

2001-01-01

374

Next generation content networks: trends and challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) [1] have emerged to overcome the inherent limitations of the Internet in terms of user perceived Quality of Service (QoS) when accessing Web content. They offer infrastructure and mechanisms to deliver content and services in a scalable manner, and enhance users' Web experience. However, modern applications do not just perform retrieval or access operations on content

Giancarlo Fortino; Carlo Mastroianni; Mukaddim Pathan; Athena Vakali

2009-01-01

375

Developing Domain Ontologies for Course Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ontologies have the potential to play an important role in instructional design and the development of course content. They can be used to represent knowledge about content, supporting instructors in creating content or learners in accessing content in a knowledge-guided way. While ontologies exist for many subject domains, their quality and…

Boyce, Sinead; Pahl, Claus

2007-01-01

376

Towards content distribution networks with latency guarantees  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the performance of a content distribution network designed to provide bounded content access latency. Content can be divided into multiple classes with different configurable per-class delay bounds. The network uses a simple distributed algorithm to dynamically select a subset of its proxy servers for different classes such that a global per-class delay bound is achieved on content

Chengdu Huang; Tarek F. Abdelzaher

2004-01-01

377

Pricing digital content with DRM mechanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet and file sharing technology (such as P2P network) significantly alleviate the content distribution cost. However, better digital content distribution also means that people can acquire any digital contents easier without purchasing the digital rights. Consequently, digital content providers utilize DRM (Digital Right Management) technology to inhibit the diffusion of pirating. In this paper, we proposed an analytical model

Yung-ming Li; Chia-hao Lin

2007-01-01

378

The Mobile Paradigm for Content Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper looks at the lack of engaging content currently being produced by content developers for mobile devices and some of the reasons behind this phenomenon. It questions the relevance of professional content developers when the most entertaining and useful content to be found on mobiles presently is produced and shared by the users themselves and not commercial organisations. It will examine the fundamental problems underlying this lack of professionally developed content and reflect on lessons from past developments in media that may help to hypothesise about the future development of mobile content and consequently a paradigm for content development.

Bennewith, Chris; Wickers, Richard

379

Caffeine content of decaffeinated coffee.  

PubMed

Caffeine is the most widely consumed drug in the world with coffee representing a major source of intake. Despite widespread availability, various medical conditions necessitate caffeine-restricted diets. Patients on certain prescription medications are advised to discontinue caffeine intake. Such admonition has implications for certain psychiatric patients because of pharmacokinetic interactions between caffeine and certain anti-anxiety drugs. In an effort to abstain from caffeine, patients may substitute decaffeinated for caffeinated coffee. However, decaffeinated beverages are known to contain caffeine in varying amounts. The present study determined the caffeine content in a variety of decaffeinated coffee drinks. In phase 1 of the study, 10 decaffeinated samples were collected from different coffee establishments. In phase 2 of the study, Starbucks espresso decaffeinated (N=6) and Starbucks brewed decaffeinated coffee (N=6) samples were collected from the same outlet to evaluate variability of caffeine content of the same drink. The 10 decaffeinated coffee samples from different outlets contained caffeine in the range of 0-13.9 mg/16-oz serving. The caffeine content for the Starbucks espresso and the Starbucks brewed samples collected from the same outlet were 3.0-15.8 mg/shot and 12.0-13.4 mg/16-oz serving, respectively. Patients vulnerable to caffeine effects should be advised that caffeine may be present in coffees purported to be decaffeinated. Further research is warranted on the potential deleterious effects of consumption of "decaffeinated" coffee that contains caffeine on caffeine-restricted patients. Additionally, further exploration is merited for the possible physical dependence potential of low doses of caffeine such as those concentrations found in decaffeinated coffee. PMID:17132260

McCusker, Rachel R; Fuehrlein, Brian; Goldberger, Bruce A; Gold, Mark S; Cone, Edward J

2006-10-01

380

Arsenic content of homeopathic medicines  

SciTech Connect

In order to test the widely held assumption that homeopathic medicines contain negligible quantities of their major ingredients, six such medicines labeled in Latin as containing arsenic were purchased over the counter and by mail order and their arsenic contents measured. Values determined were similar to those expected from label information in only two of six and were markedly at variance in the remaining four. Arsenic was present in notable quantities in two preparations. Most sales personnel interviewed could not identify arsenic as being an ingredient in these preparations and were therefore incapable of warning the general public of possible dangers from ingestion. No such warnings appeared on the labels.

Kerr, H.D.; Saryan, L.A.

1986-01-01

381

Quantification of daylighting. Master's thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is the policy of the Air Force to consider solar design applications in its new construction where there is a potential for significant savings of fossil fuel-derived energy. The required analysis, however, is often either not performed properly, or not performed at all. There is a requirement for a simplified preliminary analysis of solar applications so that such analyses

Ingram; T. J. IV

1983-01-01

382

Computer Vulnerability Analysis: Thesis Proposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer security professionals and researchers do not have a history of sharing and analyzing computervulnerability information. Scientists and engineers from older or more established fields have long understoodthat publicizing, analyzing, and learning from other people's mistakes is essential to the stepwise refinementof complex systems. Computer scientists, however, have not followed suit. Programmers reinvent classicalprogramming mistakes, contributing to the reappearance of

Ivan Krsul

1997-01-01

383

Parallel incremental compilation. Doctoral thesis  

SciTech Connect

The time it takes to compile a large program has been a bottleneck in the software development process. When an interactive programming environment with an incremental compiler is used, compilation speed becomes even more important, but existing incremental compilers are very slow for some types of program changes. We describe a set of techniques that enable incremental compilation to exploit fine-grained concurrency in a shared-memory multi-processor and achieve asymptotic improvement over sequential algorithms. Because parallel non-incremental compilation is a special case of parallel incremental compilation, the design of a parallel compiler is a corollary of our result. Instead of running the individual phases concurrently, our design specifies compiler phases that are mutually sequential. However, each phase is designed to exploit fine-grained parallelism. By allowing each phase to present its output as a complete structure rather than as a stream of data, we can apply techniques such as parallel prefix and parallel divide-and-conquer, and we can construct applicative data structures to achieve sublinear execution time. Parallel algorithms for each phase of a compiler are presented to demonstrate that a complete incremental compiler can achieve execution time that is asymptotically less than sequential algorithms.

Gafter, N.M.

1990-06-01

384

Investigating Phd Thesis Examination Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a slow but steady accretion of findings on doctoral assessment and examination processes over the past decade and a half. The study of Australian PhD examination reported here draws on the written reports on 301 theses across all discipline areas. Text categories identified in the reports are linked to other data including the…

Holbrook, A.; Bourke, S.; Lovat, T.; Dally, K.

2004-01-01

385

The thesis of leagility revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both postponement and information decoupling have been considered as relevant initiatives in making the agile supply chain a reality. It is commonly argued that the two can be combined into “leagility”, which is the combination of agility with lean capabilities within one supply chain. Based upon a one-year study of agility in the supply chain, this paper indicates that leagility

Remko I. van Hoek

2000-01-01

386

BUBBLING FROM PERFORATED PLATES (thesis)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 6-inch-square column was used to investigate certain operating ; characteristics of perforated plates. The amplitude and frequency of the ; pressure fluctuations in the chamber under the plates were studied. The ; timeaverage pressure drop across a plate and dumping rate of liquid through the ; holes were also investigated. Various gas-liquid systems were used to study the ;

1958-01-01

387

Investigating Phd Thesis Examination Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been a slow but steady accretion of findings on doctoral assessment and examination processes over the past decade and a half. The study of Australian PhD examination reported here draws on the written reports on 301 theses across all discipline areas. Text categories identified in the reports are linked to other data including the…

Holbrook, A.; Bourke, S.; Lovat, T.; Dally, K.

2004-01-01

388

Inverse statistics and information content  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inverse statistics analysis studies the distribution of investment horizons to achieve a predefined level of return. This distribution provides a maximum investment horizon which determines the most likely horizon for gaining a specific return. There exists a significant difference between inverse statistics of financial market data and a fractional Brownian motion (fBm) as an uncorrelated time-series, which is a suitable criteria to measure information content in financial data. In this paper we perform this analysis for the DJIA and S&P500 as two developed markets and Tehran price index (TEPIX) as an emerging market. We also compare these probability distributions with fBm probability, to detect when the behavior of the stocks are the same as fBm.

Ebadi, H.; Bolgorian, Meysam; Jafari, G. R.

2010-12-01

389

48 CFR 519.7010 - Agreement contents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...contents. The contents of the Agreement must contain: (a) Names, addresses (including facsimile, e-mail, and homepage) and telephone numbers of mentor and protƩgƩ firms and the name, telephone number, and position title within both...

2011-10-01

390

48 CFR 519.7010 - Agreement contents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...contents. The contents of the Agreement must contain: (a) Names, addresses (including facsimile, e-mail, and homepage) and telephone numbers of mentor and protƩgƩ firms and the name, telephone number, and position title within both...

2012-10-01

391

Limiting Information Content of Television Signal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author discusses the bandwidth compression and limiting information content of television (TV) signals. Equation is used to determine the information content of stereophonic signals, remote control signals, telemetering signals, and monochrome TV sign...

C. Chou

1967-01-01

392

10 CFR 501.62 - Petition contents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...briefly describe its contents. (2) Identify at...information or any statement based, in whole or in part...specifically identified and their contents briefly described in...incorporate by reference material based on proprietary data...

2013-01-01

393

Estimating Soil Water Content Using Cokriging.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using cokriging, estimates and estimation variances of the gravimetric moisture content (GMC) were made using one and two additional random functions: the bare soil surface temperature and the percent sand content. Various measures of the differences and ...

S. R. Yates A. W. Warrick

1987-01-01

394

Special Report: State of the Content Industry. Content Anywhere, Anytime; Content Management Technology: A Booming Market; Entering the Content Space: Carry Your Lawyer at All Times; Content Unchained: The New Value Web; Arnold on Pricing: Disturbing Trends Ahead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This special report on the electronic content industry covers three interrelated areas: technology, rights/legal issues, and pricing/business models. Articles include: "Content Anywhere, Anytime"; "Content Management Technology: A Booming Market"; "Entering the Content Space: Carry Your Lawyer at All Times"; Content Unchained: The New Value Web";…

Mickey, Bill; Trippe, Bill; Ojala, Marydee; Pack, Thomas; Arnold, Stephen E.

2001-01-01

395

Antiparticle content in the magnetosphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present work we assess the stable and transient antiparticle content of planetary magnetospheres, and subsequently we consider their capture and application to high delta-v space propulsion. We estimate the total antiparticle mass contained within the Earth’s magnetosphere to assess the expediency of such usage. Using Earth’s magnetic field region as an example, we have considered the various source mechanisms that are applicable to a planetary magnetosphere, the confinement duration versus transport processes, and the antiparticle loss mechanisms. We have estimated the content of the trapped population of antiparticles magnetically confined following production in the exosphere due to nuclear interactions between high energy cosmic rays (CR) and constituents of the residual planetary upper atmosphere. The galactic antiprotons that directly penetrate into the Earth’s magnetosphere are themselves secondary by its nature, i.e. produced in nuclear reactions of the cosmic rays passing through the interstellar matter. These antiproton fluxes are modified, dependent on energy, when penetrating into the heliosphere and subsequently into planetary magnetospheres. During its lifetime in the Galaxy, CR pass through the small grammage of the interstellar matter where they produce secondary antiprotons. In contrast to this, antiprotons generated by the same CR in magnetosphere are locally produced at a path length of several tens g/cm2 of matter in the ambient planetary upper atmosphere. Due to the latter process, the resulting magnetically confined fluxes significantly exceed the fluxes of the galactic antiprotons in the Earth’s vicinity by up to two orders of magnitude at some energies. The radiation belt antiparticles can possibly be extracted with an electromagnetic-based “scoop” device. The antiparticles could be concentrated by and then stored within the superimposed magnetic field structure of such a device. In future developments, it is anticipated that the energy of the captured antiparticles (both rest energy and kinetic energy) can be adapted for use as a fuel for propelling spacecraft to high velocities for remote solar system missions.

Gusev, A.; Pugacheva, G.; Pankov, V.; Bickford, J.; Spjeldvik, W.; Jayanthi, U.; Martin, I.

2008-11-01

396

Mapping efficiency and information content  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes two compound measures of mapping quality to support objective comparison of spatial prediction techniques for geostatistical mapping: (1) mapping efficiency - defined as the costs per area per amount of variation explained by the model, and (2) information production efficiency - defined as the cost per byte of effective information produced. These were inspired by concepts of complexity from mathematics and physics. Complexity i.e. the total effective information is defined as bytes remaining after compression and after rounding up the numbers using half the mapping accuracy (effective precision). It is postulated that the mapping efficiency, for an area of given size and limited budget, is basically a function of inspection intensity and mapping accuracy. Both measures are illustrated using the Meuse and Ebergötzen case studies (gstat, plotKML packages). The results demonstrate that, for mapping organic matter (Meuse data set), there is a gain in the mapping efficiency when using regression-kriging versus ordinary kriging: mapping efficiency is 7% better and the information production efficiency about 25% better (3.99 vs 3.14 EUR B?1 for the GZIP compression algorithm). For mapping sand content (Ebergötzen data set), the mapping efficiency for both ordinary kriging and regression-kriging is about the same; the information production efficiency is 29% better for regression-kriging (37.1 vs 27.7 EUR B?1 for the GZIP compression algorithm). Information production efficiency is possibly a more robust measure of mapping quality than mapping efficiency because: (1) it is scale-independent, (2) it can be more easily related to the concept of effective information content, and (3) it accounts for the extrapolation effects. The limitation of deriving the information production efficiency is that both reliable estimate of the model uncertainty and the mapping accuracy is required.

Hengl, T.; Nikoli?, M.; MacMillan, R. A.

2013-06-01

397

Identifying the roles of the separate governmental agencies in countering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction among nonstate actors throughout the counterproliferation continuum. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

The threat posed by nation states and nonstate actors armed with WMD is arguably the greatest, current threat to US national security. Governmental efforts to counter this threat are inherently inefficient due to the current organizational and command and control (C2) structure. This study first groups governmental efforts to counter this threat into ten functional areas which are then collated into a model christened the Counterproliferation Continuum. This model defines the roles of the major, separate governmental agencies in each functional area. The Counterproliferation Continuum demonstrates a linkage between the counterterrorism and nonproliferation/ counterproliferation arenas. Further, this thesis identifies shortfalls in the current organizational and C2 structures and proposes changes to optimize governmental efforts. Rectifying required shortfalls requires the formation of a controlling entity routinely involved in the process and empowered with the ability to coordinate interagency efforts and streamline the flow of information and resources. This study researches options and proposes a C2 organizational and structural regrouping which will more efficiently focus governmental efforts to counter this threat.

Cottrell, S.C.

1997-06-06

398

Systems engineering approach to environmental risk management: A case study of depleted uranium at test area C-64, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

Environmental restoration is an area of concern in an environmentally conscious world. Much effort is required to clean up the environment and promote environmentally sound methods for managing current land use. In light of the public consciousness with the latter topic, the United States Air Force must also take an active role in addressing these environmental issues with respect to current and future USAF base land use. This thesis uses the systems engineering technique to assess human health risks and to evaluate risk management options with respect to depleted uranium contamination in the sampled region of Test Area (TA) C-64 at Eglin Air Force Base (AFB). The research combines the disciplines of environmental data collection, DU soil concentration distribution modeling, ground water modeling, particle resuspension modeling, exposure assessment, health hazard assessment, and uncertainty analysis to characterize the test area. These disciplines are required to quantify current and future health risks, as well as to recommend cost effective ways to increase confidence in health risk assessment and remediation options.

Carter, C.M.; Fortmann, K.M.; Hill, S.W.; Latin, R.M.; Masterson, E.J.

1994-12-01

399

Assessment of the fiscal year 1997 Department of Defense budget and program activities for domestic defense against weapons of mass destruction. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examines Department of Defense involvement in U.S. preparedness to manage the consequences of a nuclear, radiological, biological, or chemical terrorist attack against its cities. It analyzes the establishment and implementation of the Defense Against Weapons of Mass Destruction Act of 1996 which directed the Department of Defense to assist in the training of state and local emergency response agencies involved in consequence management activities. The historical analysis focuses on the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, major terrorist incidents since 1993, international standards, and legislative and executive efforts undertaken to combat terrorism up to 1996. The $150 million Nunn Lugar Domenici amendment to the FY-97 National Defense Authorization Bill is examined in detail from introduction on the Senate floor to eventual passage and enactment. Problems and policy issues associated with resourcing and implementing the resulting Domestic Preparedness Program are treated. Although the DoD was given responsibility for implementing city training, an interagency effort ensued involving the Public Health Service, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Energy, and others. Potential weaknesses may materialize due to several characteristics of the Domestic Preparedness Program, including its novelty and uniqueness, the unorthodox legislative process by which it was established, and its complex organizational structure and temporary nature.

Guenther, G.R.

1997-12-01

400

Power recovery of radiation damaged MOCVD grown indium phosphide on silicon solar cells through argon-ion laser annealing. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis reports the results of a laser annealing technique used to remove defect sites from radiation damaged indium phosphide on silicon MOCVD grown solar cells. This involves the illumination of damaged solar cells with a continuous wave laser to produce a large forward-biased current. The InP/Si cells were irradiated with 1 MeV electrons to a given fluence, and tested for degradation. Light from an argon laser was used to illuminate four cells with an irradiance of 2.5 W/sq cm, producing a current density 3 to 5 times larger than AMO conditions. Cells were annealed at 19 deg C with the laser and at 25 deg C under AMO conditions. Annealing under laser illumination of n/p-type cells resulted in recovery of 48%. P/n type cells lost 4 to 12% of the assumed degradaton. Annealing under AMO conditions resulted in power recovery of 70% in n/p type cells. P/n-type cells recovered approximately 16% of lost power. Results indicate that significant power recovery results from the annealing of defects within n/p type InP/Si solar cells.

Boyer, L.L.

1996-06-01

401

Content-Based Personalization Services Integrating Folksonomies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basic content-based personalization consists in matching up the attributes of a user profile, in which preferences and interests\\u000a are stored, with the attributes of a content object. The Web 2.0 (r)evolution has changed the game for personalization, from\\u000a ‘elitary’ Web 1.0, written by few and read by many, to web content generated by everyone (user-generated content - UGC), since the

Cataldo Musto; Fedelucio Narducci; Pasquale Lops; Marco de Gemmis; Giovanni Semeraro

2009-01-01

402

A General Framework for Web Content Filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web content filtering is a means to make end-users aware of the ‘quality’ of Web resources by evaluating their contents and\\/or\\u000a characteristics against users’ preferences. Although they can be used for a variety of purposes, Web content filtering tools\\u000a are mainly deployed as a service for parental control purposes, and for regulating the access to Web content by users connected

Elisa Bertino; Elena Ferrari; Andrea Perego

2010-01-01

403

Forwarding in a content-based network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an algorithm for content-based forwarding, an essential function in content-based networking. Unlike in traditional address-based unicast or multicast networks, where messages are given explicit destination addresses, the movement of messages through a content-based network is driven by predicates applied to the content of the messages. Forwarding in such a network amounts to evaluating the predicates stored in

Antonio Carzaniga; Alexander L. Wolf

2003-01-01

404

Evaluating Consumer Acceptance for Protected Digital Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper argues that content providers must overcome three hurdles to establish a viable business model for monetizing copyrighted\\u000a digital content on the Internet. First, content providers must change perspectives to view the pirating of their content as\\u000a a competitive threat and not just as theft. This implies they must learn to compete against pirated versions of their own\\u000a products.

Marc Fetscherin

2003-01-01

405

The Rise of Controversial Content in Film  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study looks at the change in controversial content in films during the 20th century. Original films made prior to 1968 and their remakes produced after were compared in the content areas of profanity, nudity, sexual content, alcohol and drug use, and violence. The advent of television, post-war effects and a proposed “Hollywood elite” are discussed as possible causes for

Ashley Haygood

2007-01-01

406

A content analysis of music videos  

Microsoft Academic Search

The music video, as shown on Music Television (MTV), is a contemporary hybrid of rock music and film imagery. This study analyzed a sample of 62 MTV music videos in 23 content categories. Of the content categories studied, frequent occurrences were found in visual abstraction, sex, dance, violence, and crime. MTV sexual and violent content is characterized by innuendo and

Richard L. Baxter; Cynthia De Riemer; Ann Landini; Larry Leslie; Michael W. Singletary

1985-01-01

407

Affective video content representation and modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks into a new direction in video content analysis - the representation and modeling of affective video content . The affective content of a given video clip can be defined as the intensity and type of feeling or emotion (both are referred to as affect) that are expected to arise in the user while watching that clip. The

Alan Hanjalic; Li-qun Xu

2005-01-01

408

Emotional content of true and false memories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many people believe that emotional memories (including those that arise in therapy) are particularly likely to represent true events because of their emotional content. But is emotional content a reliable indicator of memory accuracy? The current research assessed the emotional content of participants’ pre-existing (true) and manipulated (false) memories for childhood events. False memories for one of three emotional childhood

Cara Laney; Elizabeth F. Loftus

2008-01-01

409

What RTI Means for Content Area Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Response to Intervention (RTI) has the potential to have a positive impact on adolescent literacy by requiring content-area teachers to provide Tier 1 literacy instruction. This commentary suggests that content-area teachers can help their students improve their content knowledge and literacy skills by providing discipline-specific strategy…

Lenski, Susan

2012-01-01

410

Utilizing the Mixer Method for Content Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content management is a confusing term used in several contexts. We define content management as the organizing of information (for a specific purpose) available in a system. We present the mixer method that uses servlet technology and the model-view-controller design pattern as a way to accomplish content management in a system. The heart of the mixer method is mixer which

Suru Dissanaike; Pierre Wijkman; Mitra Wijkman

2004-01-01

411

Collaborative online learning of user generated content  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the problem of online classification of user generated content, with the goal of efficiently learning to categorize content generated by individual user. This problem is challenging due to several reasons. First, the huge amount of user generated content demands a highly efficient and scalable classification solution. Second, the categories are typically highly imbalanced, i.e., the number of samples

Guangxia Li; Kuiyu Chang; Steven C. H. Hoi; Wenting Liu; Ramesh Jain

2011-01-01

412

Semantic Similarity in Content-Based Filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In content-based filtering systems, content of items is used to recommend new items to the users. It is usually represented by words in natural language where meanings of words are often ambiguous. We studied clustering of words based on their semantic similarity. Then we used word clusters to represent items for recommending new items by content-based filtering. In the paper

Gabriela Polcicova; Pavol Nįvrat

2002-01-01

413

Malicious content filtering based on semantic features  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a method to filtering malicious contents using semantic features. In conventional content based approach, low-level features such as color and texture are used to filter malicious contents. But, it is difficult to detect them because of semantic gaps between the low-level features and global concepts. In this paper, global concepts are divided into several semantic features. These

Semin Kim; Hyun-seok Min; Jaehyun Jeon; Yong Man Ro; Seungwan Han

2009-01-01

414

Secure content management in authorised domains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Authorised Domains (AD) are introduced by DVB as a means to enable controlled electronic distribution of digital content. The main aim of an AD is to respect both the content provider's and consumer's interest, in the sense that the consumer is free to access and distribute content within the entire AD, while at the same time the rights of the

Heuvel van den S. A. F. A; W. Jonker; F. L. A. J. Kamperman; P. J. Lenoir

2002-01-01

415

Content-targeted advertising using genetic programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content-targeted advertising is an ads placement technique which associates ads to a web page relative to (based on) the content of the web page (web page content). It introduces a challenge about how to settle the conflict of interests by selecting advertisements that are relevant to the users but also profitable to the advertisers and the publishers. This paper proposes

Rizky Delfianto; Masayu Leylia Khodra; Aristama Roesli

2011-01-01

416

Adaptive Content Presentation for the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter we describe techniques for adaptive presentation of content on the Web. We first describe techniques to select and structure the content deemed to be most relevant for the current user in the current interac- tion context. We then illustrate approaches that deal with the problem of how to adaptively deliver this content.

Andrea Bunt; Giuseppe Carenini; Cristina Conati

2007-01-01

417

Searching multimedia federated content web collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to show that federated content collections are important for providing access to multiple content repositories, including image, video, audio and Web sites. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper presents findings from an analysis of differences in users' Web searching patterns as they access various federated content collections. A dataset of 4,056,374 records submitted to

Amanda Spink; Bernard J. Jansen

2006-01-01

418

Content-based browsing of video sequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel methodology to represent the contents of a video sequence is presented. The representation is used to allow the user to rapidly view a video sequence in order to find a particular point within the sequence and\\/or to decide whether the contents of the sequence are relevant to his or her needs. This system, referred to as content-based browsing,

Farshid Arman; Remi Depommier; Arding Hsu; Ming-Yee Chiu

1994-01-01

419

Is This Content-Based Language Teaching?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the content-based language teaching (CBLT) literature describes the benefits to be gained by integrating content with language teaching aims and rejects the formal separation between "content" and "language" as a pedagogic necessity for language learning. This paper looks at interactions in classrooms in English schools where educational…

Creese, Angela

2005-01-01

420

Personalization of Content in Virtual Exhibitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presentation of content is an important aspect of today's virtual reality applications, especially in domains such as virtual exhibitions. The large amount and variety of exhibits in such applications raise a need for adaptation and personalization of the environment. This paper presents a content personalization framework for Virtual Exhibitions, which is based on a semantic description of content and on

Bill Bonis; John Stamos; Spyros Vosinakis; Ioannis Andreou; Themis Panayiotopoulos

2007-01-01

421

User Attention Based Arousal Content Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The affective content of a video is defined as the expected amount and type of emotion that are contained in a video. Utilizing this affective content will extend the current scope of application possibilities. The dimensional approach to rep- resenting emotion can play an important role in the develop- ment of an affective video content analyzer. The three basic affect

Sutjipto Arifin; Peter Y. K. Cheung

2006-01-01

422

Content Area Reading and Learning: Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book offers strategies to help educators become increasingly effective in teaching various areas in content area reading and learning. The book includes the following chapters: "Content Area Reading: A Historical Perspective" (E. Dishner and M. Olson); "Content Area Reading: Current State of the Art" (T. Bean and J. Readence); "The Role of…

Lapp, Diane; And Others

423

Patterns for E-Learning Content Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Content development plays a key role in e-learning. Designing of content with good interactivity is essential for an effective teaching and learning system. Development of such an interactive content is not an easy task for instructors who lack technical knowledge. It requires a collaborative work among experts from various fields. To overcome…

Jegan, Thayanithy; Eswaran, Chikkannan

2004-01-01

424

Ontology-Based Information Content Security Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an ontology-based information content security analysis framework, which adopts artificial intelligent system designing theory and ontology engineering method to improve information content security surveillance. This framework introduces ICSO (information content security ontology), by which we incorporate disparate and heterogeneous data sources into surveillance system , and an novel reasoning subsystem to utilize ICSO knowledge to support information

Pan Yan; Yanping Zhao; Cao Sanxing

2008-01-01

425

Juno: Reconfigurable Middleware for Heterogeneous Content Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimedia Content distribution is playing an increasingly prominent role in the Internet today, with a proliferation of diverse services and delivery mechanisms. Due to this increasing heterogeneity the management of next generation content networks is becoming increasingly complex. This paper presents Juno, a configurable component-based middleware designed to address the divergent nature of modern content networking. In Juno, functionality is

Gareth Tyson; Andreas Mauthe; Thomas Plagemann; Yehia El-khatib

426

RSS: Lo-Fi Content Syndication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rich Site Summary (RSS) is an XML format designed to let content providers share news headlines and content with other sites without having to create a completely new Web page. Discusses three issues to consider before creating a newsfeed: content integrity, bandwidth issues, and spellcheck. Identifies resources for getting started and the two…

Bannan, Karen J.

2002-01-01

427

Content fingerprinting from an industry perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content recognition technology, particularly digital fingerprinting of audio and video content, has important applications in the distribution of movies and television programming on the Internet. However, the identification process is complex as distributed content is often substantially altered prior to distribution through processes such as cropping, shape transformations, noise, signal distortion and transcoding that make recognition difficult. Fingerprinting has emerged

Craig Seidel

2009-01-01

428

Flexible control of downloaded executable content  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a security architecture that enables system and application a ccess control requirements to be enforced on applications composed from downloaded executable content. Downloaded executable content consists of messages downloaded from remote hosts that contain executables that run, upon receipt, on the downloading principal's machine. Unless restricted, this content can perform malicious actions, including accessing its downloading principal's private

Trent Jaeger; Atul Prakash; Jochen Liedtke; Nayeem Islam

1999-01-01

429

Implicit interaction profiling for recommending spatial content  

Microsoft Academic Search

When individuals request task-relevant spatial content in the form of area maps, GIS applications typically return default maps displaying standard map content. Little effort is made by these applications to present users with personalized maps displaying spatial content tailored to users' specific interests. Maps generated usually contain superfluous information that hinders the user's end goal and is irrelevant in terms

Joe Weakliam; Michela Bertolotto; David C. Wilson

2005-01-01

430

Unsupervised content discovery in composite audio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatically extracting semantic content from audio streams can be helpful in many multimedia applications. Motivated by the known limitations of traditional supervised approaches to content extraction, which are hard to generalize and require suitable training data, we propose in this paper an unsupervised approach to discover and categorize semantic content in a composite audio stream. In our approach, we first

Rui Cai; Lie Lu; Alan Hanjalic

2005-01-01

431

Correlation of Zn2+ content with aflatoxin content of corn.  

PubMed Central

Forty-nine samples from the 1983 Virginia corn harvest were analyzed for aflatoxin, zinc, copper, iron, and manganese content. Values (mean +/- standard deviation) were as follows: aflatoxin, 117 +/- 360 micrograms/kg; zinc, 22.5 +/- 3.4 mg/kg; copper, 2.27 +/- 0.56 mg/kg; iron, 40.8 +/- 18.7 mg/kg; and manganese, 5.1 +/- 1.1 mg/kg. Aflatoxin levels positively correlated with zinc (Spearman correlation coefficient, 0.385; P less than 0.006) and copper levels (Spearman correlation coefficient, 0.573; P less than 0.0001). Based on biochemical data in the literature, we believe that the correlation with zinc is important and that there may be a cause-and-effect relationship between zinc levels in corn and aflatoxin levels which are produced upon infection with Aspergillus flavus or A. parasiticus. Control of aflatoxin contamination in field corn by decreasing the zinc levels may be feasible, but no methods to decrease zinc levels are currently available.

Failla, L J; Lynn, D; Niehaus, W G

1986-01-01

432

Patients' perceptions of hospital discharge informational content.  

PubMed

Ensuring that patients' informational needs have been met prior to hospital discharge sets the stage for successful self-management of recovery at home. This secondary analysis study aims to identify differences in the amount of discharge teaching content needed and received by adult medical-surgical patients on the basis of their sociodemographic characteristics and hospitalization-related factors. The Quality of Discharge Teaching Scale (QDTS) is used to measure patients' perceptions of the amount of discharge-related informational content they needed and received. Eighty-nine percent of patients receive more informational content than they perceived they needed. Nonwhite patients report more content needed than White patients. Patients with prior hospitalizations and cardiac patients report greater amounts of content received. The QDTS content subscales provide a mechanism for assessing patient perceptions of discharge informational needs and discharge content received that can be used for clinical practice and quality monitoring. PMID:18617708

Maloney, Lynn R; Weiss, Marianne E

2008-08-01

433

The content of compound conditioning.  

PubMed

In three experiments using Pavlovian conditioning of magazine approach, rats were trained with a compound stimulus, AB, and were concurrently trained with stimulus B on its own. The reinforcement rate of B, rB, was either 1/2, 2/3, or 2/5 of rAB. After extended training, the conditioning strength of A was assessed using probe trials in which A was presented alone. Responding during A was compared with that during AB, B, and a third stimulus, C, for which rC = rAB - rB. In each experiment, the rats' response rate during A was almost identical to that during C (and during B, when rB = 1/2rAB). This suggests that, during AB conditioning, the rats had learned about rA as being equal to [rAB - rB], and implies that the content of their learning was a linear function of r. The findings provide strong support for rate-based models of conditioning (e.g., Gallistel & Gibbon, 2000). They are also consistent with the associative account of learning defined in the Rescorla and Wagner (1972) model, but only if the learning rate during reinforcement equals that during nonreinforcement. PMID:22250789

Harris, Justin A; Andrew, Benjamin J; Livesey, Evan J

2012-01-16

434

Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Glaucoma: Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of the Optic Nerve Head and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (An AOS Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To demonstrate that video-rate spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) can qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate optic nerve head (ONH) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) glaucomatous structural changes. To correlate quantitative SDOCT parameters with disc photography and visual fields. Methods: SDOCT images from 4 glaucoma eyes (4 patients) with varying stages of open-angle glaucoma (ie, early, moderate, late) were qualitatively contrasted with 2 age-matched normal eyes (2 patients). Of 61 other consecutive patients recruited in an institutional setting, 53 eyes (33 patients) met inclusion/exclusion criteria for quantitative studies. Images were obtained using two experimental SDOCT systems, one utilizing a superluminescent diode and the other a titanium:sapphire laser source, with axial resolutions of about 6 ?m and 3 ?m, respectively. Results: Classic glaucomatous ONH and RNFL structural changes were seen in SDOCT images. An SDOCT reference plane 139 ?m above the retinal pigment epithelium yielded cup-disc ratios that best correlated with masked physician disc photography cup-disc ratio assessments. The minimum distance band, a novel SDOCT neuroretinal rim parameter, showed good correlation with physician cup-disc ratio assessments, visual field mean deviation, and pattern standard deviation (P values range, .0003–.024). RNFL and retinal thickness maps correlated well with disc photography and visual field testing. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this thesis presents the first comprehensive qualitative and quantitative evaluation of SDOCT images of the ONH and RNFL in glaucoma. This pilot study provides basis for developing more automated quantitative SDOCT-specific glaucoma algorithms needed for future prospective multicenter national trials.

Chen, Teresa C.

2009-01-01

435

Adolescent Judgment of Sexual Content on Television: Implications for Future Content Analysis Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies of sexual messages in media utilize content analysis methods. At times, this research assumes that researchers and trained coders using content analysis methods and the intended audience view and interpret media content similarly. This article compares adolescents' perceptions of the presence or absence of sexual content on television to those of researchers using three different coding schemes. Results

Jennifer A. Manganelloa; Vani R. Henderson; Amy Jordanb; Nicole Trentacoste; Suzanne Martinc; Michael Hennessyb; Martin Fishbeinb

2010-01-01

436

21 CFR 101.61 - Nutrient content claims for the sodium content of foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Nutrient content claims for the sodium content of foods. 101.61 Section...61 Nutrient content claims for the sodium content of foods. (a) General requirements. A claim about the level of sodium or salt in a food may only be made...

2013-04-01

437

A BSU-based sports video content analysis framework for content-based streams filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The flowing of a good deal of sports video, the widespread application of Internet and the rapid increase of the users' requirements on demand make content-based sports video streams filtering important and urgent. Sports video content analysis module is the base of the content-based video streams filtering system. In this paper, we propose a novel and general sports video content

Chen Jianyun; Li Yunhao; Lao Songyang; Wu Lingda

2003-01-01

438

9 CFR 381.462 - Nutrient content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. 381.462 Section 381...content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. (a) General requirements...about the level of fat, fatty acid, and cholesterol in a product may only be made on...

2009-01-01

439

9 CFR 317.362 - Nutrient content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. 317.362 Section 317...content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. (a) General requirements...about the level of fat, fatty acid, and cholesterol in a product may only be made on...

2009-01-01

440

9 CFR 381.462 - Nutrient content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. 381.462 Section 381...content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. (a) General requirements...about the level of fat, fatty acid, and cholesterol in a product may only be made on...

2010-01-01

441

9 CFR 317.362 - Nutrient content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. 317.362 Section 317...content claims for fat, fatty acids, and cholesterol content. (a) General requirements...about the level of fat, fatty acid, and cholesterol in a product may only be made on...

2010-01-01

442

Placental water content and distribution.  

PubMed

The percentage of total placental water (%H2O(T)), maternal (%MBV) and fetal (%FBV) blood volumes, non-vascular extracellular (%EW) and intracellular (%IW) water, and villous histology were studied in placentas from 12 normal term pregnancies after a normal vaginal delivery, 19 caesarean sections at term after a normal pregnancy and history of a previous caesarean section and 47 caesarean sections at term or preterm due to pregnancy complications. Values were derived from change in placental dry weight, maternal and fetal haemoglobin content and 51CrEDTA space after incubation of placental fragments. Normal ranges (mean +/- SD) after term vaginal delivery were: H2O(T) 83.9 +/- 0.2%, MBV 10.9 +/- 0.2%, FBV 7.4 +/- 0.9%, EW 57.3 +/- 1.3% and IW 11.2 +/- 0.6%. %H2O(T) was higher after caesarean section; other measurements were not affected. There were no differences between placentas after 33-37 and after 38-42 weeks gestation. Three of eight placentas after rhesus incompatibility had %H2O(T) above the mean +2SD of term placentas and five of 17 IUGR placentas were below the mean -2SD. The remaining placentas following maternal pre-eclampsia, hypertension, or diabetes had no apparent alteration in %H2O(T). A blind histological diagnosis of 'true' oedema was associated with both a significantly high %IW and %H2O(T). Perhaps this is due to alteration in placental cell volume regulation in certain situations. PMID:8208669

Barker, G; Boyd, R D; D'Souza, S W; Donnai, P; Fox, H; Sibley, C P

1994-01-01

443

Content-based analysis of news video  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present a schema for content-based analysis of broadcast news video. First, we separate commercials from news using audiovisual features. Then, we automatically organize news programs into a content hierarchy at various levels of abstraction via effective integration of video, audio, and text data available from the news programs. Based on these news video structure and content analysis technologies, a TV news video Library is generated, from which users can retrieve definite news story according to their demands.

Yu, Junqing; Zhou, Dongru; Liu, Huayong; Cai, Bo

2001-09-01

444

Personalized Content Presentation for Virtual Gallery  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Utilizing Virtual Reality technologies for virtual museum brings new ways of interactive presentation of the contents. In\\u000a addition to interactivity, personalization is an important emerging issue in digital content management especially with virtual\\u000a reality. For the virtual museum or gallery, selection and presentation of personalized content will improve user experience\\u000a in navigating through huge collections like Musée du Louvre or

Wonil Kim; Hanku Lee; Kyoungro Yoon; Hyungseok Kim; Changduk Jung

2006-01-01

445

Audio Content Discovery: An Unsupervised Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatically extracting semantic content from audio streams can be helpful in many multimedia applications. Motivated by\\u000a the known limitations of traditional supervised approaches to content extraction, which are hard to generalize and require\\u000a suitable training data, we propose in this chapter a completely unsupervised approach to content discovery in composite audio\\u000a signals. The approach adopts the ideas from text analysis

Lie Lu; Alan Hanjalic

446

Retrieval of Still Images by Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter summarises the current state of the art in content based image retrieval (CBIR). It discusses the need for image\\u000a retrieval by content, and the types of query which might be encountered. It describes the main techniques currently used to\\u000a retrieve images by content at both primitive and semantic levels, describes the features of some commercial and experimental\\u000a CBIR

John P. Eakins

2000-01-01

447

Heterosis for brain myelin content in mice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biochemical evidence of heterosis (hybrid vigor) for brain myelin content is presented. The concentrations of cerebroside and GM1 ganglioside, two glycolipids known to be abundant in myelin, were higher in the brains of (C57BL\\/6J × DBA\\/2J) F1 hybrids than in the brains of either parental strain. Furthermore, brain water content, which is known to be inversely related to myelin content,

Thomas N. Seyfried; Robert K. Yu

1980-01-01

448

Academic content, research productivity, and tenure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the influence of a Finance doctoral program’s academic content on the research productivity of the graduates\\u000a at the time of the tenure decision. The results of this investigation show that a Finance program’s academic content has no\\u000a influence on the total number of publications of program graduates, but finds a significant relationship between academic\\u000a content and graduate’s

Jorge Brusa; Michael Carter; George E. Heilman

2010-01-01

449

Dandelion: Cooperative Content Distribution with Robust Incentives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online content distribution has increasingly gained pop- ularity among the entertainment industry and the con- sumers alike. A key challenge in online content distributio n is a cost-efficient solution to handle demand peaks. To ad- dress this challenge, we propose Dandelion, a system for ro- bust cooperative (peer-to-peer) content distribution. Da n- delion explicitly addresses two crucial issues in coopera-

Michael Sirivianos; Xiaowei Yang; Stanislaw Jarecki

2007-01-01

450

Web Content Analysis: Expanding the Paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Are established methods of content analysis (CA) adequate to analyze web content, or should new methods be devised to address\\u000a new technological developments? This article addresses this question by contrasting narrow and broad interpretations of the\\u000a concept of web content analysis. The utility of a broad interpretation that subsumes the narrow one is then illustrated with\\u000a reference to research on

Susan C. Herring

451

Personalized video adaptation based on video content analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalized video adaptation is expected to satisfy individual users' needs on video content. Multimedia data mining plays a significant role of video annotation to meet users' preference on video content. In this paper, a comprehensive solution for personalized video adaptation is proposed based on video content mining. Video content mining targets both cognitive content and affective content. Cognitive content refers

Min Xu; Jesse S. Jin; Suhuai Luo

2008-01-01

452

Content-Based Personalization Services Integrating Folksonomies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Basic content-based personalization consists in matching up the attributes of a user profile, in which preferences and interests are stored, with the attributes of a content object. The Web 2.0 (r)evolution has changed the game for personalization, from ‘elitary’ Web 1.0, written by few and read by many, to web content generated by everyone (user-generated content - UGC), since the role of people has evolved from passive consumers of information to that of active contributors.

Musto, Cataldo; Narducci, Fedelucio; Lops, Pasquale; de Gemmis, Marco; Semeraro, Giovanni

453

48 CFR 3001.7001 - Content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Content. 3001.7001 Section 3001.7001 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND SECURITY ACQUISITION REGULATION (HSAR) GENERAL FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Other...

2011-10-01

454

Development of a New Valid, Reliable, and Internationally Applicable Assessment Tool of Residents' Competence in Ophthalmic Surgery (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To test the validity and reliability of a new tool for assessing residents’ competence in ophthalmic surgery. Changing paradigms of ophthalmic education in the United States have influenced worldwide ophthalmic education and necessitated new methods of assessing resident competence. Accordingly, a new tool for assessing residents’ competence in ophthalmic surgery (phacoemulsification) that could be applicable internationally was developed. We hypothesize that this instrument is valid and reliable. Methods: A panel of six international content experts adapted a previously published tool for assessing phacoemulsification. The tool (called the International Council of Ophthalmology’s Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric, or ICO-OSCAR:phaco) was reviewed by 12 international content experts for their constructive comments, which were incorporated to ensure content validity. Ten expert cataract surgery teachers then graded six recorded phacoemulsification surgeries with the ICO-OSCAR:phaco to investigate inter-rater reliability. Results: The coefficient alpha statistic (a measure of reliability/internal consistency) for the ICO-OSCAR:phaco as a whole was 0.92, and 17 of its 20 dimensions had alpha coefficients greater than 0.70. Conclusions: The ICO-OSCAR:phaco is a valid and reliable assessment tool that could be applied internationally to satisfy the global need of new instruments to comply with emerging trends in ophthalmic education. A toolbox of similar surgical competency assessment tools is being developed.

Golnik, C.; Beaver, Hilary; Gauba, Vinod; Lee, Andrew G.; Mayorga, Eduardo; Palis, Gabriela; Saleh, George M.

2013-01-01

455

Secure and Robust Overlay Content Distribution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the success of applications spurring the tremendous increase in the volume of data transfer, efficient and reliable content distribution has become a key issue. Peer-to-peer (P2P) technology has gained popularity as a promising approach to large-scale content distribution due to its benefits including self-organizing, load-balancing, and…

Kang, Hun Jeong

2010-01-01

456

Copyright Protection Scheme for Digital Television Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a copyright protection system aimed at empowering the content provider to dictate the terms for free-to-air digital TV recording. The system proposes embedding copyright instructions into MPEG2 content to be telecasted so that the complying set top boxes would not be able to bypass the terms such as expiry period of recording or prohibition of recording of

Prashan Premaratne; Liyanage C. De Silva; Farzad Safaei

457

Selective Replication for Content Management Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content management applications typically depend on information stored in both relational database tables and operating system files. Often, content providers replicate all or parts of the available database data and associated files to increase application availability, address resource constraints and costs, or better support geographically dispersed and mobile users. This article presents a solution that addresses integrated and selective database

Euthimios Panagos; Alex Delis

2005-01-01

458

The Content of Advertisements in Medical Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine the content of advertisements in medical journals to determine if the images of women are different than those of men. The method for this investigation was content analysis of a stratified random sample of issues of selected medical journals that regularly include picture advertisements. Advertisements were analyzed according to criteria and characteristics derived from

Joellen W. Hawkins; Cynthia S. Aber

1988-01-01

459

Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Social Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Gudmundsdottir, S. & Shulman, L. 1987. Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Social Studies. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research 31, 59?70. The role of teacher's pedagogical content knowledge in social studies is addressed through two case studies: a novice and a veteran teacher. We demonstrate that the important difference between the novice and the expert is manifested in a special kind

Sigrun Gudmundsdottir; Lee Shulman

1987-01-01

460

Measuring the Methane Content of Bituminous Coalbeds.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The methane content of virgin bituminous coalbed can now be measured accurately in the field with exploration core samples from vertical boreholes. The gas content of the coal per unit weight can be used either to design a mine ventilation system or to de...

C. M. McCulloch J. R. Levine F. N. Kissell M. Deul

1975-01-01

461

Understanding Adult ESL Content Standards. CAELA Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The movement for developing and implementing adult English as a Second Language (ESL) content standards is gaining momentum in the United States as more emphasis is placed on learner outcomes, accountability, and professionalism in the field. Additional research is needed to investigate the impact that adult ESL content standards have on…

Young, Sarah

2006-01-01

462

Structure and Content Scoring for XML  

Microsoft Academic Search

XML repositories are usually queried both on structure and content. Due to structural heterogeneity of XML, queries are often interpreted approximately and their answers are returned ranked by scores. Computing answer scores in XML is an active area of research that oscillates between pure content scoring such as the well-known query processing. We propose efficient data structures in order to

Sihem Amer-Yahia; Nick Koudas; Amélie Marian; Divesh Srivastava; David Toman

2005-01-01

463

COGNITION, CONTENT AND THE INNER CODE  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper I argue that this confuses what is cognitive with whatis not. More specifically, it confuses cognitive states with the content of cognitivestates, and tries to generate cognition by internalising the public, communicablesymbolisms that express that content. In one sense, the belief that the earth is roundis a cognitive state, but in another it is a proposition that can

TERRY DARTNALL

464

Course Content and Outcome Guide: Commercial Printreading  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document is a course content and outcome guide for a class in commercial printreading, which covers commercial and civil construction plans and practices. The course outline includes intended outcomes for the class, a brief list of course content and related process skills that will be developed via this course. This document is available for download in Microsoft Word Doc file format.

Goodblatt, Raphael

2012-03-02

465

Web content management by self-organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new method for content management and knowledge discovery using a topology-preserving neural network. The method, termed topological organization of content (TOC), can generate a taxonomy of topics from a set of unannotated, unstructured documents. The TOC consists of a hierarchy of self-organizing growing chains (GCs), each of which can develop independently in terms of size and topics.

Richard T. Freeman; Hujun Yin

2005-01-01

466

30 CFR 47.52 - MSDS contents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Resources 1 2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false MSDS contents. 47.52 Section 47.52 Mineral Resources...COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Ā§ 47.52 MSDS contents. When an operator must prepare an...

2009-07-01

467

30 CFR 47.52 - MSDS contents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false MSDS contents. 47.52 Section 47.52 Mineral Resources...COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Ā§ 47.52 MSDS contents. When an operator must prepare an...

2013-07-01

468

30 CFR 47.52 - MSDS contents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false MSDS contents. 47.52 Section 47.52 Mineral Resources...COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Ā§ 47.52 MSDS contents. When an operator must prepare an...

2010-07-01

469

User generated content: how good is it?  

Microsoft Academic Search

User Generated Content (UGC) is one of the main current trends in the Web. This trend has allowed all people that can access the Internet to publish content in different media, such as text (e.g. blogs), photos or video. This data can be crucial for many applications, in particular for semantic search. It is early to say which impact UGC

Ricardo A. Baeza-yates

2009-01-01

470

An Equilibrium Model of User Generated Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the joint creation and consumption of content on user generated content platforms (e.g., reviews or articles, chat, videos, etc.). On these platforms, users' utilities depend upon the participation of others; hence, users' expectations regarding the participation of others on the site becomes germane to their own involvement levels. Yet these beliefs are often assumed to be fixed.

Dae-Yong Ahn; Jason A. Duan; Carl F. Mela

2011-01-01

471

Preview Cues: Enhancing Access to Multimedia Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe preview cues, a lightweight mechanism to assist exploration of multimedia content. A preview cue provides a preview of the kind of content\\/information associated with an area (as opposed to an instance) of a domain. Preview cues associate media files and their meta data with the label of a topic in a domain. A lightweight gesture such as brushing

Max Wilson; Maria Karam

472

Multicultural Content in Social Work Graduate Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a national survey of Deans and Directors of graduate social work programs and of social work faculty responsible for teaching graduate-level multicultural courses. The findings indicate the use of a combined infusion and designated course model is the most prominent in addressing the CSWE diversity curriculum content requirement. Although there is substantive content on

Cora Ledoux; Frank F. Montalvo

1999-01-01

473

Enhancing Content Literacy in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines content literacy's role in physical education,elaborating on several general and specific strategies that physical educators can use to build both content learning and general literacy skills (e.g., journal writing, posting articles about sports and athletics, and completing peer observations). The paper also suggests ways of assessing…

Buell, Cathy; Whittaker, Andrea

2001-01-01

474

Digital graffiti: public annotation of multimedia content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our physical environment is increasingly filled with multimedia content on situated, community public displays. We are designing methods for people to post and acquire digital information to and from public digital displays, and to modify and annotate previously posted content to create publicly observable threads. We support in-the-moment and on-site \\

Scott Carter; Elizabeth F. Churchill; Laurent Denoue; Jonathan Helfman; Les Nelson

2004-01-01

475

ESTIMATING SOIL WATER CONTENT USING COKRIGING  

EPA Science Inventory

Using cokriging, estimates and estimation variances of the gravimetric moisture content (GMC) were made using one and two additional random functions: the bare soil surface temperature and the percent sand content. Various measures of the differences and quality of the estimates ...

476

Feature analysis for modeling game content quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

One promising avenue towards increasing player entertainment for individual game players is to tailor player experience in real-time via automatic game content generation. Modeling the relationship between game content and player preferences or affective states is an important step towards this type of game personalization. In this paper we analyse the relationship between level design parameters of platform games and

Noor Shaker; Georgios N. Yannakakis; Julian Togelius

2011-01-01

477

Message Content of Alcohol Moderation TV Commercials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This content analysis examines a sample of 203 alcohol-related North American TV commercials dealing with alcohol moderation and driving under the influence (DUI), in order to determine whether the type of ad sponsor has an impact on the message content. Corporate sponsors, such as breweries and distillers, are compared to nonprofit sponsors such as governments and nonprofit organizations. Findings show

Anne M. Lavack

1999-01-01

478

Government mandated blocking of foreign Web content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blocking of foreign Web content by Internet access providers has been a hot topic for the last 18 months in Germany. Since fall 2001 the state of North-Rhine- Westphalia very actively tried to mandate such blocking. This paper will take a tech- nical view on the problems imposed by the blocking orders and blocking content at access or network provider

Maximillian Dornseif

2003-01-01

479

Writing in the Content Areas. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do you spend entirely too much time correcting your students' papers? Do your students' essays and term papers take side trips to nowhere? Is their writing riddled with mechanical errors? Do their lab reports and essays lack specificity and clarity? Writing in the Content Areas, Second Edition is for middle and high school content area teachers…

Benjamin, Amy

2005-01-01

480

48 CFR 1.704 - Content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Content. 1.704 Section 1.704...Determinations and Findings 1.704 Content. Each D&F shall set...regulation upon which the D&F is based. (d) Findings that detail... (e) A determination, based on the findings, that...

2011-10-01

481

48 CFR 1.704 - Content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Content. 1.704 Section 1.704...Determinations and Findings 1.704 Content. Each D&F shall set...regulation upon which the D&F is based. (d) Findings that detail... (e) A determination, based on the findings, that...

2012-10-01

482

Process Versus Content in Eyewitness Metamemory Monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies (Ns = 200, 135, and 187 college undergraduates) contrasted process versus content accounts of eyewitness metamemory monitoring. Subjective vividness, a cue related to memory content, was a better predictor of confidence and accuracy than were cues related to the retrieval process. Participants who were asked to recall, rather than recognize, event details displayed greater insight into accuracy, primarily

Michael D. Robinson; Joel T. Johnson; David A. Robertson

2000-01-01

483

Teaching Content Analysis through "Harry Potter"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Content analysis is a valuable research tool for social scientists that unfortunately can prove challenging to teach to undergraduate students. Published classroom exercises designed to teach content analysis have thus far been predominantly envisioned as lengthy projects for upper-level courses. A brief and engaging exercise may be more…

Messinger, Adam M.

2012-01-01

484

SCORM Best Practices Guide for Content Developers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a best practices guide created specifically for content developers and instructional designers tasked with creating new instructional materials that comply with the Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) or converting existing materials into SCORM-compliant materials. The guide provides a systematic process for using SCORM and tips to make SCORM implementation easier.

2010-05-28

485

Hair Element Content in Learning Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hair samples from 31 learning disabled and 22 normal children were analyzed for content of 14 elements. Significant group differences were determined and a discriminant function was completed which separated the groups with 98 percent accuracy. Elevated lead and cadmium content in the learning disabled group is viewed as being of particular importance.

R. O. Pihl; M. Parkes

1977-01-01

486

Antimatter Content of the Tunguska Meteor  

Microsoft Academic Search

COWAN et al.1 have advanced the hypothesis that the 1908 Tunguska meteor explosion resulted from the anti-matter content of the meteorite. Although their analysis indicates a probable upper limit of 1\\/7 for the anti-matter content of the Tunguska meteor, this result depends to a large extent on the validity of certain assumptions used in the calculations.

Robert V. Gentry

1966-01-01

487

The content analysis of advergames in Hungary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the content of food industry web sites targeting children by advergames with the purpose of granting brand loyalty and trust toward the products of certain companies in Hungary. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Scientific investigation conducted by two independent researchers included the content analysis of a total of 50 advergames integrated in 11

Įgnes Hofmeister-Tóth; Peter Nagy

2011-01-01

488

Seniors' Online Communities: A Quantitative Content Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To examine the contents and characteristics of seniors' online communities and to explore their potential benefits to older adults. Design and Methods: Quantitative content analysis of a full year's data from 14 leading online communities using a novel computerized system. The overall database included 686,283 messages. Results: There…

Nimrod, Galit

2010-01-01

489

Suggestions for Implementing a Content Mastery Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The content mastery center (CMC) model is responsive to the federal requirements of providing access to the general education curriculum for students with disabilities and allowing special education teachers to meet the highly qualified requirement by providing consultation and support services in the content areas. The CMC model has been…

Jenkins, Amelia

2010-01-01

490

Stopping Web Plagiarists from Stealing Your Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article gives tips on how to avoid having content stolen by plagiarists. Suggestions include: using a Web search service such as Google to search for unique strings of text at the individuals site to uncover other sites with the same content; buying a infringement-detection program; or hiring a public relations firm to do the work. There are…

Goldsborough, Reid

2004-01-01

491

Television Ads in Singapore: A Content Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Appraises the information content of Singapore television advertising, and makes a comparison with relevant United States findings. Research reported in this paper is a replication of two empirical studies of the informational content of television advertising in the United States from 1977. (Author/LRW)|

Rehman, Sharaf N.; Aw, Annette; Kennan, William

1999-01-01

492

Drupal Content Management System on Mobile Phone  

Microsoft Academic Search

We will demonstrate how an existing content management system, Drupal, can be used on a personal Web site that is running on a mobile phone. It allows users to easily create and configure a Web site to their mobile devices that is able to take advantage of the wide set of normal functionality of the content management system and the

Jukka K. Nurminen; Johan Wikman; Heikki Kokkinen; Petteri Muilu; Markus Grönholm

2008-01-01

493

Nutrient Content of South African Chickens  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nutrient content of South African chicken, of three genotypes (308 Ross, Cobb, 788 Ross), two treatments (fresh and frozen (spin chilled)), raw and\\/or cooked (dry and moist) and different portions (white and dark meat, skin and separable fat) was determined. Frozen compared to fresh chicken skin had a higher mineral and vitamin A, but lower vitamin E content. Medium-chain

S. M. van Heerden; H. C. Schönfeldt; M. F. Smith; D. M. Jansen van Rensburg

2002-01-01

494

Viral marketing: Motivations to forward online content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the increasing popularity of viral marketing, factors critical to such a new communication medium remain largely unknown. This paper examines one of the critical factors, namely Internet users' motivations to pass along online content. Conceptualizing the act of forwarding online content as a special case of a more general communication behavior, we identify four potential motivations: (1) the need

Jason Y. C. Ho; Melanie Dempsey

2010-01-01

495

Tourist-created content: rethinking destination branding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between tourists' user-generated content on the web and destination branding, as well as to discuss the online strategies used by destination management organizations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research adopts an exploratory study of social media sites and destination brands, relying on qualitative research methods, content analysis and field research.

Ana Marķa Munar

2011-01-01

496

Television Ads in Singapore: A Content Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Appraises the information content of Singapore television advertising, and makes a comparison with relevant United States findings. Research reported in this paper is a replication of two empirical studies of the informational content of television advertising in the United States from 1977. (Author/LRW)

Rehman, Sharaf N.; Aw, Annette; Kennan, William

1999-01-01

497

Sugarcane genes associated with sucrose content  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND -: Sucrose content is a highly desirable trait in sugarcane as the worldwide demand for cost-effective biofuels surges. Sugarcane cultivars differ in their capacity to accumulate sucrose and breeding programs routinely perform crosses to identify genotypes able to produce more sucrose. Sucrose content in the mature internodes reach around 20% of the culms dry weight. Genotypes in the populations

Flįvia S Papini-Terzi; Flįvia R Rocha; Ricardo ZN Vźncio; Juliana M Felix; Diana S Branco; Alessandro J Waclawovsky; Luiz EV Del Bem; Carolina G Lembke; Maximiller DL Costa; Milton Y Nishiyama; Renato Vicentini; Michel GA Vincentz; Eugźnio C Ulian; Marcelo Menossi; Glaucia M Souza

2009-01-01

498

Content Assessment of Selected College Health Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six college health textbooks published between 1980 and 1987 were analyzed to determine the extent of coverage of 10 selected content areas from "Healthy People: The Surgeon General's Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention." Content areas assessed included: motor vehicle accidents, alcohol and drug misuse, teenage pregnancy, sexually…

Huetteman, Julie Doidge

499

Survey of vitamin content of fortified milk.  

PubMed

This paper summarizes work done by 4 different laboratories on the vitamin content of milk. Riboflavin, vitamin A, and vitamin D were assayed in whole, 2%, and skim milks that had been fortified. In general, the adherence to label claim decreased with decreasing fat content. This may be due to methods and stage of vitamin addition prior to processing. PMID:3391970

Tanner, J T; Smith, J; Defibaugh, P; Angyal, G; Villalobos, M; Bueno, M P; McGarrahan, E T; Wehr, H M; Muniz, J F; Hollis, B W

500

Earth Science Content Guidelines Grades K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teams of teachers, other science educators, and scientists selected from a national search for project writers have proposed using the following set of questions to guide the inclusion of earth science content into the kindergarten through grade 12 curriculum. The Essential Questions are organized in a K-12 sequence by six content areas: (1)…

American Geological Inst., Alexandria, VA.