These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Functional characteristics of the continent ileocecal urinary reservoir: mechanisms of urinary continence.  

PubMed

We evaluated urodynamically 14 patients with a continent ileocecal urinary reservoir. Reservoirs were constructed of detubularized right colon alone (4 patients), or augmented with ileum (2) or with a U-shaped ileal patch (8). All reservoirs were placed in the abdomen and used plicated terminal ileum as the efferent continence mechanism. Twelve patients are completely continent with intermittent catheterization at 4 to 8-hour intervals. Two patients suffer mild nighttime incontinence. Mean reservoir volume was 675 ml. Intermittent intestinal contractions were noted in the plicated ileal segment and reservoir but they occurred more frequently in the former and were either synchronous with or preceded those in the reservoir. Mean and maximal contraction pressures were 24 and 47 cm. water, respectively, in the reservoir and 40 and 151 cm. water, respectively, in the plicated ileal segment (p equals 0.043 and less than 0.001, respectively). The highest reservoir contractions occurred in the 2 patients with nocturnal incontinence. The method of construction bore no consistent correlation with mean or maximal contraction pressures, contraction frequency or continence. Careful urodynamic assessment suggests that the ileocecal urinary reservoir is a relatively low pressure, nonrefluxing and continent bladder substitute. The plicated terminal ileal segment acts as an effective sphincter that responds to pressure elevations in the reservoir. Its simple construction and easy catheterization make it an attractive alternative to intussuscepted ileal segments. PMID:2795726

Carroll, P R; Presti, J C; McAninch, J W; Tanagho, E A

1989-10-01

2

Urodynamic evaluation of patients with continent urinary diversion using cecal reservoir and intussuscepted ileocecal valve.  

PubMed

Patients requiring bladder removal for malignant disease have undergone continent urinary diversion employing the ileocecal segment, using the cecum to construct a reservoir and an intussuscepted ileocecal valve as the continence mechanism. Five of these patients have been studied urodynamically and radiographically in the postoperative period. Incontinence was found to be minimal and related only to a prolonged catheterization interval. Passive filling pressure and peristaltic pressure remained low in all patients and was lower than the nipple valve pressure in 4 of 5 patients. A transient increase in reservoir pressure at capacity with peristalsis exceeded the nipple peristaltic pressure in 1 patient and was associated with a small volume of incontinence. This resolved with a shortened catheterization interval. Reflux was not found in any subject studied. These studies indicate that the cecal segment can be used to construct a continent urinary reservoir that provides satisfactory function for the patient while maintaining an acceptable pressure volume relationship. PMID:2353384

Lowe, B A; Woodside, J R

1990-06-01

3

The stapled continent ileocecal urinary reservoir in the surgical management of gynecologic malignancy.  

PubMed

Total cystectomy at the time of radical pelvic surgery for gynecologic malignancies is not uncommon. Many techniques have been developed for urinary diversion including the continent ileocecal urinary reservoir. Twenty-nine patients underwent construction of a continent ileocecal urinary reservoir during the reconstructive phase of an exenterative procedure or for the relief of urinary tract fistula between 1990 and 1993. All procedures were performed using the mechanical stapling devices using metal staples. The right and proximal transverse colon were mobilized to a length of 24 cm. The ileum was divided 8 cm proximal to the ileocecal valve and plicated using the stapling technique. The colonic segment was opened on its antimesenteric border and the reservoir was created by stapling in a fashion to reapproximate the distal ends to each other. The ureters were stented and implanted without tunneling. A large Malecot drain was placed in all the pouches for irrigation of the colonic mucosa in the postoperative period. The ileal stoma was fixed to the anterior abdominal wall as was the anterior surface of the pouch. Operative time ranged from 50 to 150 min for the pouch construction. All patients underwent retrograde contrast study of the pouch 7-10 days postoperatively to verify lack of anastomatic leaks. After recovery, all patients successfully self-catheterized the pouch three to five times daily without difficulty. Of the 29 patients, 17 (59%) had received prior radiation as part of therapy. All patients remained continent at the end of observation. One developed a fistula to the perineum after intraoperative placement of 125I seeds on the pelvic wall. One patient developed pouch stones; endoscopic evaluation of this pouch revealed no evidence of stones at the staple lines and metabolic workup demonstrated hypocitremia as the etiology for the stones. Mean reservoir volume was 550 ml. Mean follow-up is 15.8 months; 5 have expired due to recurrent disease and 19 (83%) remain alive. Only two patients have been admitted for urosepsis due to reflux pyelonephritis. The stapled continent ileocecal reservoir offers benefits to patients undergoing total cystectomy. Using the mechanical stapling devices decreases the operative time and has not resulted in stone formation or pouch leakage. The complications of the procedure are acceptable. PMID:7959282

Dottino, P R; Segna, R A; Jennings, T S; Beddoe, A M; Cohen, C J

1994-11-01

4

Cecal rupture after continent ileocecal urinary diversion during total pelvic exenteration  

SciTech Connect

Continent ureteral diversion at the time of pelvic exenteration avoids an external appliance and allows patients to retain bladder reservoir function. The technical difficulty of this procedure requires meticulous attention to operative and perioperative care, particularly after pelvic irradiation. A patient with recurrent stage IIIB carcinoma of the cervix underwent total pelvic exenteration with reconstructive procedures including low rectal anastomosis, neovagina formation, and ileocecal (Indiana) continent diversion. Early catheterization of the reservoir began 2 weeks postoperatively. One week later cecal rupture occurred, not related to suture line (technical) failure. Because of the high wall tension and reduced compliance in the irradiated cecum, the authors do not recommend catheterization of the urinary reservoir before 4-6 weeks. In order for continent diversion to become the standard diversion in exenteration patients, the major complication rate must remain comparable to that of noncontinent diversion.

Brand, E. (University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver (USA))

1991-09-01

5

Cecal rupture after continent ileocecal urinary diversion during total pelvic exenteration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continent ureteral diversion at the time of pelvic exenteration avoids an external appliance and allows patients to retain bladder reservoir function. The technical difficulty of this procedure requires meticulous attention to operative and perioperative care, particularly after pelvic irradiation. A patient with recurrent stage IIIB carcinoma of the cervix underwent total pelvic exenteration with reconstructive procedures including low rectal anastomosis,

1991-01-01

6

Continent urinary diversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decade continent urinary diversion, especially orthotopic bladder substitution has become increasingly popular following radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. In general, if sphincter sparing surgery is possible, orthotopic bladder substitution is performed, if not then continent catheterisable reservoirs are a viable option. Strict patient selection criteria and improved surgical technique have had a positive influence on outcome, not

Fiona C. Burkhard; Thomas M. Kessler; Rob Mills; Urs E. Studer

2006-01-01

7

[Indiana continent urinary reservoir: report of 15 cases].  

PubMed

Over the last several years, internal reservoir type urinary diversions have become popular. We have already performed Kock continent ileal reservoir for urinary diversion in more than 80 patients. The experience with the Kock pouch prompted us to try a new form of continent urinary reservoir originally reported by Indiana University group. The Indiana pouch is a composite structure using ileum and cecum. The antireflux mechanism is provided with tunneled ureteral implantation along the tenia of the cecum. Plication of the terminal ileal segment along with the ileocecal valve maintains urinary continence. The tubular configuration of the cecum is completely disrupted with either an ileal patch or Heineke-Mikulicz re-configuration to construct a low pressure reservoir. Between October, 1987 and September, 1988, we performed Indiana continent urinary diversion in 15 cases: 13 males and 2 females, from 47 to 73 years old (mean age 61.3 years), 14 bladder cancer patients and 1 bladder sarcoma patient. The initial 8 patients underwent Heineke-Mikulicz type operation and the subsequent 7 patients ileal patch-type operation. Median followup has been 7 months. There were no major early complications but one postoperative death with blood transfusion related graft versus host disease (GVHD). The late complication occurred in 2 patients: 1 stenosis of the pouch due to insufficient detubularization of the cecum and 1 pyelonephritis required no admission. Serum electrolytes and vitamin B12 remained normal in all patients. Patients perform self-catheterization every 3-5 hours during the day and 0-2 times at night for volumes ranging up to 800 ml. With regard to volume capacity and pressure characteristics, the ileal patch type reservoir seemed to be superior to the Heineke-Mikulicz type pouch as a receptacle for urine. Over-all, 12 of 14 patients (86 per cent) have acceptable continence. The remaining 2 patients have significant daytime leakage requiring pads or a cutaneous bag. Followup examination with excretory urography showed no upper tract obstruction and X-rays of the pouch showed no reflux. Indiana pouch is a relatively simple continent urinary reservoir, since the steps of this technique already are familiar to urologists. It may be an alternative form of continent urinary diversion. PMID:2801378

Arai, Y; Nishimura, K; Oishi, K; Nishio, Y; Okada, Y; Yoshida, O; Miyakawa, M; Habuchi, T

1989-05-01

8

METABOLIC CONSEQUENCES OF CONTINENT URINARY DIVERSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeContinent diversion, in particular orthotopic bladder substitution, is a well accepted form of urinary diversion. However, potential metabolic consequences in the early postoperative period as well as long term remain a serious problem.

R. D. MILLS; U. E. STUDER

1999-01-01

9

A continent colonic urinary reservoir: the Florida pouch.  

PubMed

A total of 92 patients underwent continent urinary diversion with an extended, detubularized right colonic segment as the urinary reservoir and the distal ileum as a continent catheterizable efferent system. In this series 65 patients were followed for 6 to 46 months (average 17 months). Our reservoir allows the accommodation of a large volume of urine; urodynamic studies in 28 patients demonstrated a maximum reservoir capacity varying between 550 and 1,200 cc (average 747 cc). Maximal reservoir pressures ranged from 10 to 58 cm. water (average 35 cm. water). Of the 127 ureterocolonic reimplantations 4 ureters were initially reimplanted with a modified Le Duc procedure, 26 ureters were managed subsequently with the Goodwin transcolonic approach and 91 reimplantations were done with a direct (nontunneled) mucosa-to-mucosa anastomosis. The overall success rates with each of the 3 techniques (absence of reflux and obstruction) were 75, 88.6 and 90.1%, respectively. Six megaureters underwent imbrication and direct reimplantation, and 3 of these (50%) became obstructed. Two converted ileal conduits were opened at the antimesenteric edge and were patched to the reservoir while the ureteroileal anastomosis was left undisturbed. One patient (1.5%) died of pulmonary embolism. Medical and surgical complications occurred only in the group who underwent simultaneous cystectomy and the over-all rate of complication was comparable to previous series with ileal conduits. The double row plication of the distal ileum and ileocecal valve allows for easy catheterization every 4 to 6 hours and 63 patients (97%) remain continent between catheterization. Four patients (6%) required reoperation for correction of incontinence or other complications. Our satisfactory experience with these patients makes this technique an excellent approach to achieving continent urinary diversion. PMID:2398560

Lockhart, J L; Pow-Sang, J M; Persky, L; Kahn, P; Helal, M; Sanford, E

1990-10-01

10

Tapered intraluminal versus imbricated extraluminal valve: comparison of two continence mechanisms for urinary diversion.  

PubMed

One of the major limitations of continent intestinal reservoirs currently in use is failure of the efferent continence mechanisms. Unsatisfactory results have been reported in the literature in up to 40% of cases. While progress has been made toward better continence in urinary diversions, evolution of the actual continence mechanisms has been along two rather distinct paths: those with a valve mechanism placed inside the pouch (either by intussusception or surgical insertion), and those with the valve outside to the pouch (by imbrication of an externally located ileal segment). A canine experimental model was used to investigate a type of intraluminal continence mechanism and to compare it to an extraluminal imbricated ileocecal valve. In eight mongrel dogs a reservoir was made out of ascending and transverse colon with two different valve mechanisms--one intraluminal and one extraluminal--connected via separate stomas to the skin. Radiographic, sonographic, endoscopic and urodynamic studies of the pouch and its outlets were performed. Results showed that, in contrast to the extraluminal valve, continence in the intraluminal valve was volume dependent. The valve closing pressure of the intraluminal continence mechanism increased far beyond the values of the extraluminal valve (50.38 vs. 30.12 cm. H2O) at maximum pouch filling. Leakage of the intraluminal valve was observed at significantly higher pouch volumes than in the extraluminal valve (348 cc vs. 215 cc). In view of these results, the volume dependent intraluminal valve mechanism appears superior to an extraluminal type, especially at higher pouch volumes. PMID:2304181

Stenzl, A; Klutke, C G; Golomb, J; Raz, S

1990-03-01

11

21 CFR 876.5270 - Implanted electrical urinary continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5270 Implanted electrical urinary continence device. (a)...

2012-04-01

12

21 CFR 876.5270 - Implanted electrical urinary continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5270 Implanted electrical urinary continence device. (a)...

2013-04-01

13

21 CFR 876.5270 - Implanted electrical urinary continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5270 Implanted electrical urinary continence device. (a)...

2011-04-01

14

21 CFR 876.5270 - Implanted electrical urinary continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5270 Implanted electrical urinary continence device. (a)...

2014-04-01

15

21 CFR 876.5270 - Implanted electrical urinary continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5270 Implanted electrical urinary continence device. (a)...

2010-04-01

16

Anterior repair using Bologna procedure: Long-term results on stress urinary continence  

E-print Network

Title: Anterior repair using Bologna procedure: Long-term results on stress urinary continence using Bologna procedure: Long-term results on stress urinary continence. Summary: During anterior repair for stress urinary continence. inserm-00357077,version1-29Jan2009 #12;2 Anterior repair using Bologna

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

17

Predictors of Urinary and Fecal Continence Status After Stroke  

E-print Network

, psychosocial, and economic impacts for patients and their caregivers can be significant. Urinary and fecal incontinence are among the leading diagnoses ultimately leading to nursing home placement in the United States. Efforts to prevent or reduce.... In addition, enhanced continence status could lead to lower rates of healthcare resource utilization, including decreased need for nursing home admission. This could have a significant cost impact for society and our healthcare delivery system. 9...

Griebling, Tomas Lindor

2008-07-29

18

The Malone antegrade continence enema combined with urinary diversion in adult neurogenic patients: early results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. Patients with neurogenic voiding dysfunction often have coexisting neurogenic bowel problems. Impaired bowel evacuation is a cause of major morbidity and impaired lifestyle for these patients. The Malone antegrade continence enema (ACE) performed synchronously with a urinary continence procedure has been successful in pediatric patients. We report early experience combining the ACE with a urinary continence procedure in adult

Joel M. H. Teichman; Vince J. Rogenes; Douglas B. Barber

1997-01-01

19

Ten Years’ Experience with the Submucosally Embedded in situ Appendix in Continent Cutaneous Diversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To reevaluate the submucosally embedded in situ appendix as continence mechanism in a large single institutional series of ileocecal urinary reservoirs.Material and Methods: Between November 1990 and June 1999 an ileocecal reservoir with appendico–umbilical stoma was created in 118 patients (84 men, 34 women) aged 3.9–82.7 (mean 56.8) years as a primary urinary diversion or after failure of previous

Elmar W. Gerharz; Ulrich N. Köhl; Michael D. Melekos; Roland Bonfig; Karl Weingärtner; Hubertus Riedmiller

2001-01-01

20

In Situ Tunneled Bowel Flap Tubes: 2 New Techniques of a Continent Outlet for Mainz Pouch Cutaneous Diversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Mainz pouch continent cutaneous urinary diversion, introduction of the in situ tunneled appendix as the continent outlet in 1990 has simplified the surgical technique and greatly increased the acceptance of the procedure. Based on the results of long-term animal studies, 2 new techniques of a continent outlet were randomly used with a Mainz pouch 1 procedure (ileocecal pouch) in

A. Lampel; M. Hohenfellner; D. Schultz-Lampel; J. W. Thuroff

1995-01-01

21

The mechanisms of continence in the Indiana pouch: a video-urodynamic study.  

PubMed

The ileocecal reservoir (Indiana pouch) is a large volume, low pressure continent reservoir well suited for urinary diversion. The mechanism of continence is believed to be the result of several factors, including the natural ileocecal valve resistance, resistance produced by the plication of the ileal segment and normal peristalsis of the ileum. We report the results of a video-urodynamic study in patients with an Indiana pouch, aimed at establishing the factors that contribute to continence and their relative significance. Video-urodynamic studies clearly demonstrate that continence in this type of urinary reservoir is dependent upon a synergism of the aforementioned factors in combination with the low intraluminal pressure of the detubularized bowel. Video-urodynamic studies offer an objective demonstration of the reservoir dynamics and its continence mechanisms, and provide an insight into the possible etiology of incontinence. Such studies also offer an objective means for critical comparison of the different continent urinary reservoirs. PMID:2329613

Juma, S; Morales, A; Emerson, L

1990-05-01

22

21 CFR 876.5280 - Implanted mechanical/hydraulic urinary continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5280 Implanted mechanical/hydraulic urinary continence device. (a)...

2010-04-01

23

21 CFR 876.5280 - Implanted mechanical/hydraulic urinary continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5280 Implanted mechanical/hydraulic urinary continence device. (a)...

2012-04-01

24

21 CFR 876.5280 - Implanted mechanical/hydraulic urinary continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5280 Implanted mechanical/hydraulic urinary continence device. (a)...

2011-04-01

25

21 CFR 876.5280 - Implanted mechanical/hydraulic urinary continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5280 Implanted mechanical/hydraulic urinary continence device. (a)...

2014-04-01

26

21 CFR 876.5280 - Implanted mechanical/hydraulic urinary continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5280 Implanted mechanical/hydraulic urinary continence device. (a)...

2013-04-01

27

Urinary diversion via a continent ileal reservoir: Clinical results in 12 patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urinary diversion via a continent ileal reservoir has been performed in 12 patients. An isolated ileal reservoir was constructed using the technique described for patients with a continent ileostomy. The ureters were implanted into an afferent segment provided with a reflux-preventing nipple valve. There were few operative complications and no operative mortality. Late complications involving malfunction of the nipple valves

N. G. Kock; A. E. Nilson; L. O. Nilsson; L. J. Norlén; B. M. Philipson

2002-01-01

28

Patient-reported urinary continence and sexual function after anatomic radical prostatectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. After radical prostatectomy, the rates for recovery of urinary continence and sexual function reported by experienced surgeons are much higher than the patient-reported outcomes from other centers. It is uncertain whether this represents differences in surgical technique or in the collection of data. This study was performed to determine patient-reported rates of continence and potency after radical prostatectomy performed

Patrick C Walsh; Penny Marschke; Deborah Ricker; Arthur L Burnett

2000-01-01

29

Morbidity and Quality of Life in Patients with Orthotopic and Heterotopic Continent Urinary Diversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To evaluate morbidity and quality of life (QOL) in patients with continent urinary diversion.Methods. Morbidity and neobladder function were analyzed in 56 consecutive patients with bladder substitutions. QOL assessment was performed using the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), supplemented with a detailed voiding and continence questionnaire.Results. Mean age was 44.7 years. Mean follow-up was 41 months. Thirty-one men and 25

Philip C Weijerman; Johan R Schurmans; Wim C. J Hop; Fritz H Schröder; J. L. H. Ruud Bosch

1998-01-01

30

[Insufficiency of the efferent segment in continent cutaneous diversion].  

PubMed

Besides common requirements like universal applicability, reproducibility, and low complication rate, functionality and cosmetic aspects are essential in continent cutaneous diversions. Creation of the continence mechanism certainly represents the major surgical challenge in continent cutaneous diversions. Complete continence and ease of catheterization are mandatory for the patient's quality of life.High surgical competence, creativity, and variability are required in cases of revisional surgery for stomal insufficiency. In addition to accurate preoperative clinical, endoscopic, and radiologic evaluation, extensive expertise in the fields of continent urinary diversion and reconstructive urology allows performance of a surgical solution ideally adapted to the patient's individual situation. Between January 1990 and September 2011 we performed urinary diversion in 1,224 patients (mean follow-up 90.3 months). Continent urinary diversion was performed in 717 patients (59%); in 486 patients an ileocecal reservoir with continent cutaneous diversion, in 186 patients an ileocecal neobladder, and in 45 patients a sigma rectum pouch was created. Incontinence rate and stenosis rate in patients with appendico-umbilical stoma (n=219) were 2.3% and 10% and in patients with intussuscepted ileum nipple (n=267) nipple 5.2% and 2.7%. Stenosis usually can be corrected easily by simple excision of the obstructive scarred tissue or by stomal reconfiguration. Outlet failure may result from simple causes like fistula formation between reservoir and efferent segment or skin and nipple gliding or prolapse which can easily be repaired. More complex situations might require creation of a secondary continence mechanism. In our series of 486 patients having undergone continent cutaneous diversion in our department, 14 patients (appendico-umbilical stoma n=5, ileal nipple n=9) suffered from irreversible damage of the continent outlet. In 11 patients creation of a secondary intussuscepted ileal nipple and in 3 patients a modified Managadze procedure was performed.In case of absence of the ileocecal valve (e.g. in primary ileal reservoirs, ileocolonic reservoirs without integrated ileocecal valve) and in case of a preexisting pouch of small capacity we prefer augmentation of the primary reservoirs with an ileocecal cup patch plasty in combination with the submucosally embedded appendix or intussuscepted ileal nipple serving as continent outlet. In our institution this was done in four patients who had undergone primary surgery elsewhere. PMID:22476799

Vergho, D; Kocot, A; Bauer, C; Riedmiller, H

2012-04-01

31

Indiana pouch continent urinary reservoir in patients with previous pelvic irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Little information exists on the use of continent urinary reservoirs in patients with previous pelvic irradiation. We report the use of the Indiana pouch urinary reservoir in ten women with a history of pelvic irradiation for cervical cancer, of whom eight underwent a total pelvic exenteration for recurrent pelvic tumor and two had diversion for radiation-induced vesicovaginal fistula. All ten women achieved daytime continence, with a median time between catheterizations of 4.5 hours and a median pouch capacity of 500 mL. There was no evidence of leakage from the reservoir or significant ureteral reflux or obstruction on postoperative radiographic evaluation. No patient has required reoperation or had significant postoperative complications with the technique described.

Mannel, R.S.; Braly, P.S.; Buller, R.E. (Univ. of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City (USA))

1990-05-01

32

Laparoscopic radical cystectomy with continent urinary diversion (rectosigmoid pouch) performed completely intracorporeally: An intermediate functional and oncologic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTo present our experience with the first series of rectosigmoid pouch creation performed completely laparoscopically for continent urinary diversion after radical cystectomy to treat transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. We evaluated the intermediate functional and oncologic outcomes.

Serdar DeGer; Robert Peters; Jan Roigas; Andreas H. Wille; Ingolf A. Tuerk; Stefan A. Loening

2004-01-01

33

Effect of increased intrareservoir pressure on upper urinary tract function in continent urinary diversion patients assessed by radioisotope renography.  

PubMed

To assess upper urinary tract function and determine an ideal continent reservoir capacity, we investigated the relationship between intrareservoir pressure and functional parameters using radioisotope renography. Forty-three patients for whom ileal reservoir construction was performed by Kock pouch (n = 33) or Hautmann's ileal neobladder (n = 14) approaches between November 1984 and September 1996 were studied. After the reservoir contents were catheterized, (99m)Tc-MAG 3 renoscintigraphy was carried out and time activity curves in the kidney (renogram) and reservoir (reservoirgram) were recorded, while saline solution was poured into the reservoir for monitoring of intrareservoir pressure. Three basic abnormal curves were noted in the excretory phase on renograms: a normal downward curve followed by an upward curve, a continuous upward curve associated with or without a sharp decline after the catheterization of the reservoir contents, and episodes of spike waves. Based on these curves, renograms were classified into five types: normal, high pressure, retention, obstruction, and reflux. Abnormal types were noted with 51 of 65 renal units (78.5%) in the Kock pouch group and 15 of 25 renal units (60.0%) in the neobladder group. This examination method may be useful for evaluating urodynamics in the upper urinary tract of patients with a continent ileal reservoir and provide data on adequate voiding volumes for the individual patient. PMID:10895083

Okuno, T; Coronel, O E; Yanagawa, M; Takeda, K; Kawamura, J

2000-01-01

34

Percutaneous Imaging-Guided Access for the Treatment of Calculi in Continent Urinary Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To describe our long-term experience with percutaneous access to continent urinary reservoirs for calculus removal. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of 13 procedures in 10 patients was performed. In 2 of the 13 procedures, access and calculus removal was performed in a single session. In the other 11 procedures, initial access was obtained using ultrasonography,fluoroscopy, and/or computed tomography. The patients then returned ata later date for a second step where the access was dilated and the calculi were removed. Results: Access was achieved successfully in all cases with no complications. At mean follow-up time of 13.6 months (range 1-94 months) one patient had died of complications unrelated to her continent urinary reservoir. Another patient had been placed on suppressive antibiotics for recurrent calculi. The remaining patients were stone free and without late complication. Conclusions: Percutaneous removal of reservoir calculi can be performed safely, avoiding potential injury to the continence valve mechanism by a direct cystoscopic approach. We propose a two-stage procedure using CT guidance for initial access as the preferred technique.

Davis, Winston Brooks; Trerotola, Scott O.; Johnson, Matthew S.; Patel, Nilesh H.; Namyslowski, Jan; Stecker, Michael S.; McLennan, Gordon; Shah, Himanshu [Department of Radiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana (United States); Bihrle, Richard; Foster, Richard [Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana (United States)

2002-03-15

35

[Long-term results of a series of 39 of Bordeaux-type bladder replacements using ileocecal grafts after total prostatectomy and cystectomy].  

PubMed

A series of 136 bladder replacements using colon tissue was performed after total prostacystectomy for cancer of the bladder. Sixty-four Bordeaux-type ileocecal replacements were performed. The first bladder Bordeaux-type was created in March 1985. The technique involves detubulization of an ileocecal segment using 15 cm of the right colonic segment submucally according to the Goodwin technique. Uretral anastomosis uses the lower most portion of the cecum. Ileocecal anastomosis is performed manually or using a biofragmenting ring with terminoterminal junction as in the last 12 patients. After a follow-up of 1 to 8 years, 39 patients were evaluated for long-term results. The notion of need was obvious. Daytime continence was achieved in all patients. Night-time continence was achieved in 75% including several patients who had nocturnal mictions. Bladder filling occurred at low pressure with peaks from 5 to 20 cm H2O. Bladder capacity varied from 300 to 400 cc. Mean urinary flow was 21 ml/s. No cases of diarrhea were observed. Radiotransparent and asymptomatic bladder stones were seen in two cases. Mean corpuscular volume, vitamin B12 and folic acid levels were normal in 3/4 patients. No cases of elevated chloride were observed and no cases of oxaliuria occurred. Bladder Bordeaux-type construction offers a functional volume similar to the normal bladder with good metabolic tolerance, remarkable good stability over time and no deterioration of the upper urinary system. PMID:7743835

Le Guillou, M; Pariente, J L; Ferrière, J M; Allard, P; Maire, J; Hostyn, B

36

“Oh, that's a bit of a nuisance”: Community-dwelling clients' perspectives of urinary continence health service provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study explored clients' perspectives of urinary continence service provision for community-dwelling people from a primary health care perspective. Design: For this interpretive study, data were collected from 11 clients via in-depth interviews and a questionnaire eliciting demographic details and written comment. A focus group was also held with 7 people belonging to an existing continence self-help group. Results:

Winsome St John; Heather James; Shona McKenzie

2002-01-01

37

Continent appendicocolostomy: a variation of the Mitrofanoff principle in pediatric urinary tract reconstruction.  

PubMed

There are numerous options for continent urinary reconstruction in children. If the appendix is available and the bladder capacity is satisfactory, a Mitrofanoff procedure may be performed using the appendix as a catheterizable tube implanted into the bladder. However, in many patients the bladder is absent or too small for this type of reconstruction. An alternative technique, termed appendicocolostomy, is to implant the appendix under the tenia of a detubularized patch of cecum or sigmoid colon, which becomes part of a continent neobladder or is attached to the bladder itself. This procedure has been used in 12 children and 1 adult undergoing continent reconstruction. Urological diseases included bladder exstrophy (10 patients) and a neuropathic bladder (3). Two patients underwent undiversion of a sigmoid conduit, while in 7 of the remaining patients the bladder was included in the reservoir. In 1 patient histological examination of the tip of the appendix revealed an incidental invasive carcinoid tumor necessitating appendectomy and revision of the reconstruction. Otherwise, no complications have occurred. Three adults were scheduled for this procedure but the appendix was diseased and an alternative form of diversion was necessary. Followup ranged from 2 months to 4 years. All patients are totally dry with a capacity of 300 to 750 cc (mean 475 cc). The appendicocolostomy is a superior form of conduit reconstruction that should be considered when the appendix is available during continent reconstruction. However, in adults the appendix may be fibrotic, precluding its use. Because most boys with exstrophy and a small bladder capacity requiring augmentation cystoplasty must perform intermittent catheterization, attachment of the appendix to the reservoir is an alternative that allows for easier and less painful intermittent catheterization than catheterization of the reconstructed epispadiac penis. PMID:1613848

Elder, J S

1992-07-01

38

Clinical and radiological findings following continent urinary diversion with colonic segment in dog.  

PubMed

In order to assess clinico-radiological findings of urinary diversion, five adult healthy mongrel dogs of both sexes weighing between 25-40 kg and average age of 1.5 years, underwent continent urinary diversion surgery. In this approach fifteen centimeters of the descending colon with preservation of its mesenteric vessels was resected and this segment longitudinally was opened and flushed with an aqueous solution of povidin iodine 0.1% and the remaining colon re-anastomosed by seromuscular sutures. Then two ends of transected ureters were drawn into the resected colon by mosquito hemostatic forceps and simple interrupted sutures were placed between the ureter and the colonic mucosa for uretero-colonic anastomosis. The uretero-colonic part in a cap form transplanted to partially cystectomized bladder with one layer of cushing pattern suture. All animals survived after the operation. Clinically, all dogs were dull and depressed and passed blood tinged urine for first few postoperative days. There was pollakiuria in all of animals distinctly, but urinary incontinence was not observed. At the first few postoperative days, anorexia, nausea and vomiting were seen in three dogs. In all animals, polydipsia were seen and continued until the end of study. Intravenous urograms showed hydronephrosis and upper urinary tracts dilatation in all animals at 25th day but there were signs of improvement at 45th day distinctly. Unilateral ureteral obstruction was observed in two dogs. In regards to clinico-radiological findings can be concluded that this operation has some distinct sequela that some of them may be seen in radiographic assessments. PMID:19090104

Koushyar, S H; Saberi Afshar, F; Ghadiri, A R

2007-09-15

39

Five Year Continence Rates, Satisfaction and Adverse Events of Burch Urethropexy and Fascial Sling Surgery for Urinary Incontinence  

PubMed Central

Purpose To characterize continence, satisfaction, and adverse events in women at least 5 years after a Burch urethropexy or fascial sling with longitudinal follow-up of randomized clinical trial participants at least 5 years post-operatively. Methods 482 (73.6520 (79.4%) of 655 women participated in a randomized surgical trial comparing efficacy of the Burch and sling treatments enrolled in this long-term observational study. Urinary continence status was assessed yearly for a minimum of five years postoperatively. Continence was defined as no urinary leakage on a three-day voiding diary and no self-reported stress incontinence symptoms AND no stress incontinence surgical retreatment. Results Incontinent participants were more likely to enroll in the follow-up study than continent patients (85.5% vs. 52.2%), regardless of surgical group (p <0.0001). Overall the continence rates were lower in the Burch urethropexy group than in the fascial sling group (p=0.002). The continence rates at five years were 24.1% (95% CI 18.5% to 29.7%) compared to 30.8% (24.7% to 36.9%), respectively. Satisfaction at 5 years was related to continence status and higher in women undergoing a sling (83% vs. 73%, p=0.04). Satisfaction declined over time (P=0.001) and remained higher in the sling group (p=0.03). The two groups had similar adverse event rates (10% Burch vs.9 % sling) and similar numbers of participants with adverse events (23 Burch vs. 22 sling). Conclusions Continence rates in both groups declined substantially over five years, yet most women reported satisfaction with their continence status. Satisfaction was higher in continent women and those who underwent fascial sling, despite the voiding dysfunction associated with this procedure. PMID:22341290

Brubaker, L; Richter, H. E.; Norton, P. A.; Albo, M.; Zyczynski, H. M.; Chai, T. C.; Zimmern, P.; Kraus, S.; Sirls, L.; Kusek, J. W.; Stoddard, A.; Tennstedt, S.; Gormley, E. Ann

2013-01-01

40

Effectiveness of a new standardised Urinary Continence Physiotherapy Programme for community-dwelling older women in Hong Kong.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. To examine the effectiveness of a standardised Urinary Continence Physiotherapy Programme for older Chinese women with stress, urge, or mixed urinary incontinence. DESIGN. A controlled trial. SETTING. Six elderly community health centres in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. A total of 55 women aged over 65 years with mild-to-moderate urinary incontinence. INTERVENTIONS. Participants were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n=27) where they received eight sessions of Urinary Continence Physiotherapy Programme for 12 weeks. This group received education about urinary incontinence, pelvic floor muscle training with manual palpation and verbal feedback, and behavioural therapy. The control group (n=28) was given advice and an educational pamphlet on urinary incontinence. RESULTS. There was significant improvement in urinary symptoms in the intervention group, especially in the first 5 weeks. Compared with the control group, participants receiving the intervention showed significant reduction in urinary incontinence episodes per week with a mean difference of -6.4 (95% confidence interval, -8.9 to -3.9; t= -5.3; P<0.001) and significant improvement of quality of life with a mean difference of -3.93 (95% confidence interval, -5.08 to -2.78; t= -6.9; P<0.001) measured by Incontinence Impact Questionnaire Short Form modified Chinese (Taiwan) version. The subjective perception of improvement, measured by an 11-point visual analogue scale, was markedly better in the intervention group (mean, 8.7; standard deviation, 1.0; 95% confidence interval, 8.4-9.1) than in the control group (mean, 1.4; standard deviation, 0.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-1.7; t=33.9; P<0.001). The mean treatment satisfaction in the intervention group was 9.5 (standard deviation, 0.8) as measured by an 11-point visual analogue scale. CONCLUSIONS. This study demonstrated that the Urinary Continence Physiotherapy Programme was effective in alleviating urinary symptoms among older Chinese women with mild-to-moderate heterogeneous urinary incontinence. PMID:25377297

Leong, B S; Mok, N W

2015-02-01

41

Reoperation Rate in Patients with a Continent Urinary Diversion or Neobladder Is Influenced by the Oncological or Functional Indication for Cystectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Continent urinary diversion following a cystectomy has become a standard procedure in suitable patients, because of its potentially favorable aspects. Reports concerning long-term complications necessitating reoperation are mainly based on patients with cystectomy for carcinoma. We reviewed the reoperation rate in patients with a continent diversion for both oncological and interstitial cystitis. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was

Bart B. Nieuwkamer; Rob F. M. Bevers; Henk W. Elzevier; Nico J. D. Nagelkerke; Ron Wolterbeek; Guus A. B. Lycklama à Nijeholt

2009-01-01

42

Neuroanatomy of the External Urethral Sphincter: Implications for Urinary Continence Preservation During Radical Prostate Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence probably is multifactorial and sphincteric nerve injury could be a contributing cause. Controversy still exists regarding the innervation of the external sphincter, and currently pudendal nerve injury is not believed to be an etiological factor in post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence. To understand better the sphincter and its innervation, we undertook an anatomical and histological study of 18 adult

Perinchery Narayan; Badrinath Konety; Khalid Aslam; Sherif Aboseif; Walter Blumenfeld; Emil. Tanagho

1995-01-01

43

Urinary Continence Following Repair of Intermediate and High Urogenital Sinus (UGS) in CAH. Experience with 55 Cases  

PubMed Central

Aim: To evaluate postoperative urinary continence in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) with intermediate (IT) and high urogenital sinus (UGS) who underwent a UGS mobilization maneuver. Methods: We called IT to those that although needing an aggressive dissection to get to the vagina, still have enough urethra proximal to the vaginal confluence. Very low variants are excluded from this analysis. Dissection always started in the posterior wall of the UGS with an aggressive separation from the anterior rectal wall. If the wide portion of the vagina was reached dissection stopped and the UGS opened ventrally widening to the introitus. Nineteen patients were treated using this maneuver (Group 1). When more dissection was required the anterior wall of the UGS was dissected and carefully freed from the low retropubic space. Then the UGS was opened either ventrally or dorsally. Thirty three patients required this approach (Group 2). Combined procedures were used in three patients with high UGS (Group 3). Results: Mean age at the time of the repair and length of the UGS were 12.2?years (4?months–18?years) and 3.75?cm (3–8?cm) for G1; 8?years (5?months–17?years) and 6.34?cm (4–12?cm) in G2 and 8.3?years (2–14?years) and 11.5?cm (11–12?cm) in G3. All patients had been regularly followed. Mean age at last follow up was 14.3, 17, and 9.9?years for Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. All patients continue to void normally and are continent. All patients have two separate visible orifices in the vulva. Only three are sexually active. Conclusion: Urogenital sinus mobilization for vaginoplasty in girls with CAH does not compromise voiding function or urinary continence. PMID:25072036

Bailez, Maria Marcela; Cuenca, Estela Susana; Dibenedetto, Victor

2014-01-01

44

The role of interventional radiology in the management of intra-and extra-Peritoneal leakage in patients who have undergone continent urinary diversion  

SciTech Connect

Purpose. To assess how radiologic intervention altered the hospital course of patients undergoing continent urinary diversion. Methods. Thirty-seven consecutive patients with bladder cancer invading the muscular layer were treated with total cystectomy and construction of a continent urinary reservoir. Eleven of 37 patients suffered early and late anastomotic leakage; six had prolonged extraperitoneal leakage at the urethroenteric anastomosis, three had prolonged intraperitoneal pouch leaks, and two had delayed ureteroenteric leaks. Seven of these patients required radiologic intervention.Results. Intervention in the form of drainage catheter manipulation (n=4), percutaneous nephrostomy (n=4), or ureteral stent placement (n=2) resulted in cessation of leakage without surgical intervention in all seven patients. Intraperitoneal pouch leaks were more difficult to control than extraperitoneal leakage and required longer drainage intervals.Conclusion. Interventional radiologic procedures played a key role in the management of continent urinary diversion complications obviating the need for repeat surgical intervention in all instances.

Bodner, Leonard; Nosher, John L.; Siegel, Randall; Russer, Tadeus [UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Radiology (United States); Cummings, Kenneth; Kraus, Stephen [UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Surgery (United States)

1997-07-15

45

The Standardization of Terminology of Lower Urinary Tract Function in Children and Adolescents: Report From the Standardization Committee of the International Children's Continence Society (ICCS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: We updated the terminology in the ¢eld of pediatric lower urinary tract function. Materials and Methods: Discussions were held in the board of the International Children's Con- tinence Society and an extensive reviewing process was done involving all members of the Interna- tional Children's Continence Society, the urology section of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the European Society of

Tryggve Neveus; Alexander von Gontard; Piet Hoebeke; Kelm Hjlms; Stuart Bauer; Wendy Bower; Troels Munch Jrgensen; Sren Rittig; Johan Van de Walle; Chung-Kwong Yeung; Jens Christian Djurhuus

2006-01-01

46

The effects of birth on urinary continence mechanisms and other pelvic-floor characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the effects of delivery on bladder and anorectal functions.Methods: One hundred forty-nine nulliparas were studied once during pregnancy and again about 9 weeks after delivery by means of questionnaire, clinical examination, perineal sonography, urethral pressure profiles, and recording of intravaginal and intra-anal pressures during pelvic-floor contraction.Results: Stress urinary incontinence was present in 46 patients (31%) during pregnancy

S Meyer; A Schreyer; P De Grandi; P Hohlfeld

1998-01-01

47

Effects of prolonged vaginal distention and beta-aminopropionitrile on urinary continence and urethral structure  

PubMed Central

Purpose To investigate the effects of prolonged vaginal distension and beta-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) on urinary patterns and urethral structure in female virgin rats. Materials and Methods Female virgin rats were randomly divided into 3 groups of 7 rats each. The control group received no intervention; the VD group was treated with prolonged vaginal distension (VD) via balloon inflation; the VD+BAPN group was treated with VD plus i.p. injection of 150 mg/kg of BAPN every 3 days. Three weeks later all rats were subjected to conscious cystometric analysis and then sacrificed for histological analysis of the urethra. Results Conscious cystometry identified 0, 3, and 5 rats in the control, VD, and VD+BAPN groups, respectively, as having abnormal voiding pattern. Urethral collagen content was significantly lower in the VD and VD+BAPN rats when compared to control rats. Urethral elastic fibers were disorganized and shorter in the VD and VD+BAPN rats, and were fragmented, lacking the inter-muscle connections in the VD+BAPN rats. Urethral striated muscle fibers were shorter and more widely spaced in VD and VD+BAPN rats than in control rats. Additionally, those in the VD+BAPN group exhibited an abnormal wavy shape suggestive of lacking architectural support. Conclusions Prolonged vaginal distension caused urodynamic changes and histological abnormalities in the urethra including reduced collagen content, fragmented elastic fibers, as well as sparsely arranged and shortened striated muscle fibers. BAPN appears to interfere with the restoration of collagen and elastic fibers. PMID:21982017

Wang, Guifang; Lin, Guiting; Zhang, Haiyang; Qiu, Xuefeng; Ning, Hongxiu; Banie, Lia; Fandel, Thomas; Albersen, Maarten; Lue, Tom F.; Lin, Ching-Shwun

2011-01-01

48

Medium-term follow-up of the intravaginal slingplasty operation indicates minimal deterioration of urinary continence with time.  

PubMed

An assessment of the medium term efficacy of stress incontinence cure in a group of patients who had undergone the intravaginal slingplasty (IVS) operation is presented. Eighty-five unselected patients, aged 27 to 83 years at the time of surgery, 12 with pure stress symptoms, and 73 with mixed incontinence symptoms underwent the IVS procedure between 31 and 57 months previously (mean 3.9 years). The patients were assessed with the same self-administered semiquantitative questionnaire used in the initial assessment. The results were compared with the original cure rate which was 88% at 1.75 years with another 2.5% more than 70% improved (total 90.5%). The cure rate in the 75 patients assessed at 3.9 years was 81%, with another 8% reporting more than 70% improvement (total 89%). Included in the latter were 2 patients who, though originally designated as failures, gradually achieved almost 100% continence within 2 years of surgery. Deterioration of continence following the IVS operation appears more like the Burch colposuspension than needle suspensions. It is possible to explain deterioration of continence with time in terms of age-related connective tissue laxity of the vaginal hammock. Improvement in 2 women with time can be explained by tightening of the hammock via paraurethral scar contraction with time. Whether the IVS operation improves or deteriorates in the longer term may depend on which process predominates. PMID:10554951

Petros, P P

1999-08-01

49

Continent cutaneous diversion.  

PubMed

Continent urinary diversion requires the creation of a reservoir, ureteric implantation and establishment of a continence mechanism in the efferent segment. This review is a short overview on the history of different techniques in current use. Reservoirs with high volume and low pressure can be fashioned by antimesenteric opening and spherical reconfiguration of the bowel. Previously, techniques for ureteric implantation were simply transferred to continent urinary diversion. Currently the need for antirefluxive ureteric implantation techniques is questioned and there is a trend towards refluxive implantation. To create a continence mechanism, simple and reproducible procedures. e.g. the incorporation of the efferent segment into the pouch wall (e.g. appendix stoma, flap valve T mechanism, serosal-lined extramural tunnel) have been developed. Long-term data for different surgical techniques show excellent continence and acceptable complication rates. PMID:19035898

Fisch, Margit; Thüroff, Joachim W

2008-11-01

50

Modified posterior musculofascial plate reconstruction decreases the posterior vesicourethral angle and improves urinary continence recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of our modified posterior musculofascial plate reconstruction (PMPR) procedure in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Prior to 2010, four operative procedures were used to expedite continence recovery: preserving the fascia covering the levator ani muscle, preserving the bladder neck, securing a functional urethral length by using a lateral-view dissection technique and suspending the vesicourethral anastomosis from the puboprostatic ligaments. Since February, 2010, a running suture between Denonvilliers' fascia (DF) and the median fibrous raphe (MFR, the fibrous tissue that lies immediately underneath the urethra) has also been used. In vesicourethral anastomosis, a double-armed running suture was performed. At the beginning of the anastomosis, the first stitches (at 1 and 11 o'clock positions on the bladder neck) were placed 1-2 cm dorsocephalad to the bladder neck (first through the seromuscular layer and then through the full thickness of the bladder neck). At the 5 and 7 o'clock positions of the urethra, the stitches were placed through the urethral mucosa as well as the the reconstructed musculofascial plate. The bladder shape was evaluated by postoperative cystography and the clinical results were compared between patients undergoing LRP without PMPR (group A) and those undergoing LRP with PMPR (group B). The cystograms demonstrated that the PMPR significantly shortened the vertical length of the bladder and significantly decreased the posterior vesicourethral angle. At 1, 3 and 6 months after LRP, the number of daily used pads was significantly lower in group B compared to that in group A and the time to achieve a pad-free status was significantly shorter in group B. Our modified PMPR procedure significantly improved the recovery of urinary continence following LRP and this improvement may be due in part to changes of the bladder shape. PMID:24649279

Ito, Keiichi; Kenji, Seguchi; Yoshii, Hidehiko; Hamada, Shinsuke; Asakuma, Junichi; Tasaki, Shinsuke; Kuroda, Kenji; Sato, Akinori; Horiguchi, Akio; Asano, Tomohiko

2013-11-01

51

Urinary reconstruction in vertebral, anorectal, cardiac, trachea-esophageal, renal abnormalities and limb defects association with chronic renal failure and penile duplication.  

PubMed

Various urological complications in VATER association require careful management. A 15-year-old boy with VATER association, including a hypoplastic lower urinary tract and diphallia, presented with chronic kidney disease and incontinence after a right loop ureterostomy. In order to acquire urinary continence without renal function impairment, an ileocecal reservoir with umbilical catheterizable stoma was created as a urinary reconstruction. The ectopic posterior penis was resected for cosmetic reasons, and the stump of the hypoplastic urethra was opened at the perineal skin. Clean intermittent self-catheterization through the umbilicus using disabled bilateral limbs was then achieved. This report describes the management of VATER association in a patient with complicated urological anomalies. PMID:25115674

Muramatsu, Masaki; Shishido, Seiichiro; Nihei, Hiroshi; Hamasaki, Yuko; Hyodo, Yoji; Kawamura, Takeshi; Aikawa, Atsushi

2015-01-01

52

Lesson 7a: Continents  

E-print Network

Lesson 7a: Continents Continents [Mabara] A). Continents Mfano: Bara la Afrika / Bara Afrika Bara Antakitika [African continent] [European continent] [South American continent] [North American continent] [Asian continent] [Australian continent] [Antarctica] #12;Lesson 7b: Countries Countries [nchi

53

Yang-monti continent ileovesicostomy: experience with three cases.  

PubMed

Mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy has been the method of choice for dealing with urinary incontinence. However, there may be some cases where some alternate conduits have to be used. Yang-Monti ileovesicostomy is an alternative to Mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy. Three boys who underwent successful Yang-Monti continent ileovesicostomy are reported in this manuscript. In the first case, Mitrofanoff procedure was done for traumatic anorectal and urethral disruption after attempting ureterosigmoidostomy. Later on, on the request of the patient the appendicovesicostomy was excised. The patient presented later with chronic renal failure and bilateral hydroureteronephrosis thus an ileovesicostomy was fashioned. The patient could not be survived due to chronic renal failure related complications. In the second patient with exstrophy of bladder, the ileocecal junction along with appendix had to be resected on account of strangulated inguinal hernia; later on, an ileovesicostomy was performed for small capacity bladder and major degree of vesicoureteric reflux. The third patient with exstrophy of bladder, in whom Mitrofanoff procedure had been performed, presented with stenosis of the appendicovesicostomy. On re-operation the entire channel had disappeared thus necessitated ileovesicostomy. Both of these patients were doing well on follow-up. PMID:22953282

Sarin, Yogesh K

2011-05-01

54

Yang-Monti Continent Ileovesicostomy: Experience with Three Cases  

PubMed Central

Mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy has been the method of choice for dealing with urinary incontinence. However, there may be some cases where some alternate conduits have to be used. Yang-Monti ileovesicostomy is an alternative to Mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy. Three boys who underwent successful Yang-Monti continent ileovesicostomy are reported in this manuscript. In the first case, Mitrofanoff procedure was done for traumatic anorectal and urethral disruption after attempting ureterosigmoidostomy. Later on, on the request of the patient the appendicovesicostomy was excised. The patient presented later with chronic renal failure and bilateral hydroureteronephrosis thus an ileovesicostomy was fashioned. The patient could not be survived due to chronic renal failure related complications. In the second patient with exstrophy of bladder, the ileocecal junction along with appendix had to be resected on account of strangulated inguinal hernia; later on, an ileovesicostomy was performed for small capacity bladder and major degree of vesicoureteric reflux. The third patient with exstrophy of bladder, in whom Mitrofanoff procedure had been performed, presented with stenosis of the appendicovesicostomy. On re-operation the entire channel had disappeared thus necessitated ileovesicostomy. Both of these patients were doing well on follow-up. PMID:22953282

2011-01-01

55

Oscillatory firing of single human sphincteric alpha 2 and alpha 3-motoneurons reflexly activated for the continence of urinary bladder and rectum. Restoration of bladder function in paraplegia.  

PubMed

1. By recording with 2 pairs of wire electrodes from human sacral nerve roots (S3-S5) rhythmic as well as occasional firing was observed in alpha 2 and alpha 3-motoneurons in response to physiologic stimulation of the urinary bladder and the anal canal. The rhythmic firing consisted of periodically occurring impulse trains, most likely produced by true spinal oscillators which drove the motoneurons. 2. Alpha 2-motoneurons, innervating fast fatigue-resistant muscle fibres, were observed to fire with impulse trains of about 2 to 4 action potentials (Ap's). These impulse trains occurred every 110 to 170 msec (5-9 Hz). Alpha 3-motoneurons, innervating slow fatigue-resistant muscle fibres, fired about every 1400 msec (approximately 0.7 Hz) with impulse trains of about 11 to 60 Ap's. Alpha 1-motoneurons, innervating fast fatigue muscle fibres, and gamma-motoneurons were not observed in the continuous oscillatory firing mode. 3. Sphincteric motoneurons were observed most likely in the oscillatory firing mode in response to the sustained stretch (reflex) of the external and sphincter or to retrograde filling of the bladder (urethro-sphincteric guarding reflex), in order to preserve continence. A urethral sphincteric alpha 2-motoneuron increased its mean activity from 0.5 to 18 Ap's/sec during retrograde filling by changing its firing pattern from the occasional spike mode via the transient oscillatory firing mode to the continuous oscillatory mode. Up to a filling of the bladder of 500 ml the mean activity of the stretch receptors, measuring probably mural tension, increased roughly proportionally and the sphincteric motoneuron increased its activity to about 1 Ap/sec in the occasional spike mode. Up to 600 ml, the motoneuron responded in the transient oscillatory mode with mean activities of up to 5 Ap's/sec. With higher bladder fillings, the flow receptors afferents fired additionally, probably according to pressure symptoms, and the motoneuron switched into the continuous oscillatory firing mode and increased its activity up to 18 Ap's/sec at 700 ml. When the bladder was about 800 ml full, the stretch afferent activity decreased, the flow receptor activity increased strongly and the alpha 2-motoneuron activity decreased; the overflow incontinence had probably started. Micturition was not observed, probably because of brain death. 4. It is suggested that one adequate stimulus for an alpha 2-motoneuron of the external anal sphincter to jump into the oscillatory firing mode, was the activity from secondary spindle afferent (SP2) fibres from external anal sphincter muscle spindles.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:1935758

Schalow, G

1991-09-01

56

Continent cecoileal conduit: preliminary report.  

PubMed

A continent cecoileal conduit to improve rehabilitation after external urinary diversion is described. The isolated cecum functions as a reservoir. The continence mechanism is constructed by intussuscepting the terminal ileum into the isolated cecum to form a nipple, preventing leakage of urine. The kidneys are protected from cecoureterorenal reflux by ureterocecostomies with submucous tunnels. We have used this technique on 4 patients, 2 of whom need no external urinary pouch since the urostoma is absolutely continent. One patient became incontinent 3 months postoperatively and is wearing a conventional bag and 1 patient died. There is no refluex into the kidneys. The upper urinary tract, which is dilated slightly 4 weeks postoperatively, tends to become normal after a few months. PMID:916088

Zingg, E; Tscholl, R

1977-11-01

57

Prolapsing neoplasms of the terminal ileum simulating enlarged ileocecal valves.  

PubMed

Prolapsing and/or intussuscepting neoplasms of the terminal ileum are an uncommon cause of a prominent ileocecal valve as seen on a barium enema. Because of their varying position, these lesions require several spot films with reflux into the terminal ileum for their detection and accurate diagnosis. Five cases are described and illustrated, four lipomas and one carcinoid. PMID:6770620

Schnur, M J; Seaman, W B

1980-06-01

58

Continents - Asia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Second graders will learn about the seven continents and animals that live in those environments. I have a dream speech Eggleston, Va Welcome to the largest continent, Asia! First, let's see the map of Asia! You will click on this site. Next, while on this site you can answer questions on the worksheet. Then you finish the questions. Finally,close the website by closing the red x in the right hand ...

Brooke Robertshaw

2010-03-26

59

Moving Continents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson students discover that we can measure the motion of the Earth's continental plates by using sensitive Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers from space. If we follow that motion backwards in time, we can predict where the plates came from. The fact that the Eastern "corner" of South America appears to fit exactly into the "corner" of Africa led Alfred Wegener to suggest that the continents drifted. Mineral deposits which are very similar at corresponding places on the two continents lend credence to that view. In this exercise students take a map of the Earth as it might have looked 94 million years ago and measure the average speed of separation of these two continents over time to find out how fast the plates are moving.

60

Massive stone burden in an ileocecal pouch: A preventable condition?  

PubMed Central

The challenges of transition from the pediatric to the adult setting have been reported. We describe a case of massive stone burden in the ileocecal pouch of a patient lost to follow-up after his transfer from a pediatric to an adult institution. Although we successfully managed the patient and retrieved the pouch stones without any complications, several surgical complications may occur in a patient with a history of extensive abdominal surgery and bladder exstrophy. This patient’s late complication might have been prevented with a more efficient transfer from a pediatric to an adult institution. PMID:24940465

Valiquette, Anne Sophie; Barrieras, Diego; McCormack, Michael

2014-01-01

61

Continents and Oceans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will learn and explore the seven continents and five oceans. 1. Explore the 7 continents and 5 oceans Continents and Oceans! 2. Play the quiz on the continents and oceans. Start at Beginner and work your way up to Expert! Continents and Oceans! 3. Look at this map and write down all your seven continents! Continents 4. Go to this website and play the game about continents. Continue playing until ...

kneugent

2012-11-26

62

Lipomatosis of terminal ileum and ileocecal valve: multidetector computed tomography findings.  

PubMed

Intestinal lipomatosis also known as lipohyperplasia is a rare disease. Diffuse infiltration of the fatty tissue mainly in the submucosal layer is characteristic. It is usually asymptomatic and found incidentally. We report a case of lipomatosis in the terminal ileum and ileocecal valve. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with contrast enhancement showed fatty infiltration of the terminal ileum and ileocecal valve. PMID:25763082

Parlak, Selcuk; Okay, Aysun Erdogan; Altin, Levent; Toprak, Ugur; Kuscuoglu, Gizem; Karademir, Mehmet Alp

2014-08-01

63

Lipomatosis of Terminal Ileum and Ileocecal Valve: Multidetector Computed Tomography Findings  

PubMed Central

Intestinal lipomatosis also known as lipohyperplasia is a rare disease. Diffuse infiltration of the fatty tissue mainly in the submucosal layer is characteristic. It is usually asymptomatic and found incidentally. We report a case of lipomatosis in the terminal ileum and ileocecal valve. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with contrast enhancement showed fatty infiltration of the terminal ileum and ileocecal valve. PMID:25763082

Parlak, Selcuk; Okay, Aysun Erdogan; Altin, Levent; Toprak, Ugur; Kuscuoglu, Gizem; Karademir, Mehmet Alp

2014-01-01

64

POTENCY, CONTINENCE AND COMPLICATION RATES IN 1,870 CONSECUTIVE RADICAL RETROPUBIC PROSTATECTOMIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeWe update results in a series of consecutive patients treated with anatomic radical retropubic prostatectomy regarding recovery of erections, urinary continence and postoperative complications.

WILLIAM J. CATALONA; GUSTAVO F. CARVALHAL; DOUGLAS E. MAGER; DEBORAH S. SMITH

1999-01-01

65

Improvement in neurogenic bladder after the antegrade continence enema procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

A child with neurogenic bladder and bowel underwent an antegrade continence enema procedure for fecal incontinence and severe constipation. She subsequently demonstrated an improvement in her neurogenic bladder and urinary incontinence.

Jacqueline Gividen; John G Van Savage

2002-01-01

66

Results of 4 years of experience with bladder replacement using an ileocecal segment with multiple transverse teniamyotomies.  

PubMed

Since 1987, 30 patients with bladder cancer underwent cystoprostatectomy with bladder replacement via ileocecourethrostomy. Multiple transverse teniamyotomies were made in the cecum to assure a large capacity reservoir with low pressures. The particular anatomy and physiology of the cecum, short length of the intestinal segment needed and teniamyotomies are the 3 factors that have allowed for good functional and metabolic results. All patients achieved daytime continence. After 3 years of followup 67% of the patients were continent at night if they voided every 3 or 4 hours and 22% if they voided every 2 or 3 hours, while 11% experienced enuresis. Urodynamic data after 1 year showed a mean capacity of 396 ml. for the new bladder, a mean full filling pressure of 28 cm. water and a mean maximum pressure of 55 cm. water. Post-micturition residual urine volume was consistently less than 55 ml. These results indicate that the ileocecal segment can be enlarged with myotomies through the tenia to produce an adequate capacity and a low pressure bladder replacement without the need for formal detubularization. PMID:8455233

Alcini, E; D'Addessi, A; Racioppi, M; Menchinelli, P; Anastasio, G; Grassetti, F; Destito, A; Giustacchini, M

1993-04-01

67

Comparing the Continents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson plan students will examine a map and globe to compare the physical features of continents. They will play the GeoSpy continents game and manipulate an online map to compare the climates of different continents. Students will conclude by writing paragraphs comparing and contrasting two continents.

68

Female Urinary Incontinence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urinary incontinence is defined by the International Continence Society [1] as the objective demonstration of involuntary loss of urine consequent to bladder and\\/or sphincter dysfunction, and is the cause of social and hygienic problems for both patients and carers. The symptom can correspond to different social and pathophysiological realities. The object of this overview is to offer specialists an update

Philippe Ballanger; Pascal Rischmann

1999-01-01

69

[Urodynamics of the continent neovesical].  

PubMed

The authors present an account of urodynamic findings in 14 patients after replacement of the urinary bladder by a detubulized ileocoecal or ileal segment sutured in the shape of a pouch. An ileocoecal pouch (so-called Mainz pouch) was anastomized in nine patients to the urethra and in three it was led into the umbilicus by an ileal valve. Through this valve the patients are intermittently catheterized. In two patients an ileal neovesica stitched to the urethra was created. After a 1-12-months interval following operation the authors evaluate the urinary flow (average 12 ml/s), the residue after micturition (0-170 ml), the intravesical pressure at rest (mean 17 cm H2O), the compliance of the neovesica (mean 47 ml/cm H2O), the urethral closing pressure (mean 51 cm H2O) and continence. This type of replacement meets the demands of a large-volume, low-pressure reservoir, it has also a satisfactory evacuating ability and ensures satisfactory continence. PMID:2631267

Hanus, T; Jarolím, L

1989-11-01

70

Continents and Oceans  

Microsoft Academic Search

EVER since Wegener published in 1915 his remarkable theory of the drift of the continents and the movement of the poles, most of us have viewed a map of the world with entirely different eyes, and it has become almost instinctive to look for correspondences between the outlines of the continents and relationships between the continents and the oceans.

G. C. Simpson

1929-01-01

71

Lymphangitic spread from the appendiceal adenocarcinoma to the ileocecal valve, mimicking Crohn’s disease  

PubMed Central

Due to the anatomical peculiarity of the appendix, diagnosis of tumors arising from this area can be challenging by clinicoradiologic means. We report a case of a rare primary appendiceal signet ring carcinoma with an uncommon presentation. An 86-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with subacute epigastric pain. Computed tomography demonstrated bowel wall thickening with fat stranding in the ileocecal region. The leading diagnostic consideration was inflammatory bowel disease. Upon colonoscopy, a swollen, distorted ileocecal valve was identified. The remaining colon was otherwise unremarkable. Extensive biopsy sampling of the ileocecal region and colon was performed. A lymphangitic signet ring carcinoma within the ileocecal region was diagnosed on biopsy; there was no dysplasia or carcinoma of the remaining biopsies. By cytomorphology and immunoprofile, a lymphangitic signet ring carcinoma of appendiceal origin was the primary consideration, further confirmed upon subsequent laparotomy. This case represents an unusual pattern of appendiceal tumor spread with localized, lymphangitic involvement, creating a milieu which closely simulates Crohn’s disease on imaging modalities. PMID:25717258

Murdock, Tricia; Lim, Nicholas; Zenali, Maryam

2015-01-01

72

Growing Continents Animation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Watch this animation showing the growth of a continent to help you understand plate tectonics better. Continents can grow by accumulating crustal material along their edges at convergent boundaries. In the animation, a terrane carried by a subducting plate is fused to the edge of a continent. The attachment of terranes such as this contributed to continental growth along the west coast of North America.

2010-01-01

73

[Improving continence by reoperation].  

PubMed

Between 1969 and 1988, 191 children underwent operations for anorectal anomalies in the Pediatric Surgical Department of Mainz University Hospital. Ninety-six had deep and 84 had intermediate or high malformations; the type was unknown in 11. Of these patients 53 had impaired continence and 8 still have a protective colostoma. 37 of the remaining 45 children had check-ups and reoperations (5 were deep types). After reoperation there was full continence in 14 patients, partial continence in 11, persisting incontinence in 11 and one case could not be assessed. Our results recommend reoperation using modern surgical methods of patients with continence. PMID:2577677

Hofmann von Kap-herr, S; Koltai, J L

1989-01-01

74

Urodynamic testing, continence, and the patient with myelomeningocele  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary goal in neurourologic management of patients with myelomeningocele is the preservation of renal function. In addition,\\u000a achieving continence or at least improving urinary incontinence becomes imperative given the impact of continence on quality\\u000a of life. Initial neurourologic and urodynamic examination of children with myelomeningocele is strongly recommended as early\\u000a as possible, ideally on the day of birth or

Thomas M. Kessler; Gustav Kiss; Peter Rehder; Helmut Madersbacher

2007-01-01

75

Factors That Influence Outcomes Of The Mitrofanoff And Malone Antegrade Continence Enema Reconstructive Procedures In Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeSurgical techniques that provide adequate urinary and fecal continence in children with neurogenic bladder and bowel dysfunction are becoming increasingly used. We reviewed our experience and discuss factors that influence outcome.

Travis Clark; John C. Pope; Mark C. Adams; Nancy Wells; John W. Brock

2002-01-01

76

POTENCY, CONTINENCE AND COMPLICATIONS IN 3,477 CONSECUTIVE RADICAL RETROPUBIC PROSTATECTOMIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeWe report results in a series of 3,477 consecutive patients treated with anatomical nerve sparing radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) in terms of recovery of erectile function, urinary continence and postoperative complications.

SHILAJIT D. KUNDU; KIMBERLY A. ROEHL; SCOTT E. EGGENER; J. O. ANN V. ANTENOR; MISOP HAN; WILLIAM J. CATALONA

2004-01-01

77

Continents on the Move  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource presents information about the use of satellites and laser beams to measure the movement of continents in order to confirm the Theory of Plate Tectonics. It explains that observatories are established on two continents and that by knowing the fixed location of the satellite, scientists can calculate the travel time of the laser beam to each observatory and triangulate to arrive at the distance between the observatories. They can then compare the most recent distance to the distance from a year before, and calculate how far the continents have moved during that time

78

Ileocecal reservoir reconstruction after total mesorectal excision: functional results of the long-term follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background The aim of this study is to obtain functional results of the long-term follow-up after TME and ileocecal interposition as rectal replacement. Methods The study included patients operated on between March 1993 and August 1997 who received an ileocecal interposition as rectal replacement. Follow-up was carried out 3 and 5 years postoperatively. For statistical analysis, the paired t-test, rank

C. T. Hamel; J. Metzger; G. Curti; L. Degen; F. Harder; M. O. von Flüe

2004-01-01

79

Synchronous ileocecal neuroendocrine tumor and carotid chemodectoma: diagnosis by 111In pentetreotide SPECT/CT.  

PubMed

We report a case of carotid chemodectoma diagnosed by In pentetreotide SPECT/CT. A 72-year-old woman with an ileocecal neuroendocrine tumor underwent whole-body In pentetreotide scintigraphy for exclusion of distant metastases. Planar scintigraphy demonstrated marked tracer uptake in the ileocecal region and intense focal tracer accumulation within the neck. SPECT/CT demonstrated a space-occupying lesion at the carotid bifurcation. Histopathological evaluation revealed carotid chemodectoma. SPECT/CT is a valuable tool for the evaluation and precise anatomical localization of tracer uptake. In addition, other benign or malignant pathologies accumulating In pentetreotide may mimic neuroendocrine tumor metastases and should be considered particularly in unusual localizations. PMID:24097001

Wisotzki, Christian; Jacobsen, Frank; Salamon, Johannes; Derlin, Thorsten

2014-06-01

80

Availability of selected amino acids in sorghum grain and corn determined in ileocecal cannulated finishing pigs  

E-print Network

; menadione, 22. 5 mg; p aminobenzoic acid, 50 mg; niacin, 45 mg; riboflavin, 10 mg; pyridoxine hydrochloride, 10 mg; thiamine hydrochloride, 10 mg; calcium pantothenate, 30 mg; biotin, 0. 20 mg; folic acid, 0. 90 mg; and vitamin 812, 0. 135 mg. c...AVAILABILITY OF SELECTED AMINO ACIDS IN SORGHUM GRAIN AND CORN DETERMINED IN ILEOCECAL CANNULATED FINISHING PIGS A Thesis by ROBERT ARNOLD EASTER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Easter, Robert Arnold

1972-01-01

81

 Ileocecal patch –low rectal anastomosis in total colectomy: New idea for the prevention of fecal incontinence  

PubMed Central

Background: Total colectomy is used in children with total colonic aganglionosis, Ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The purpose of this study was to maintain ileocecal valve and rectal-sparing surgery for the prevention of fecal incontinence in these children. Methods: From1990 to 2011, 14 children with diagnosis of UC, FAP and Hirschsprung’s disease were operated. Total colectomy was done with the preservation of patch of cecum with ileocecal valve and half of the rectum with ileocecorectal anastomosis. Distal ileum designed as S shape pouch and ileocecal valve were preserved. In Hirschsprung’s disease, posterior rectal myotomy was established. The data were collected and analyzed. Results: The mean age of the patients was 54 months (ranged from 2 months to 18 years). Ten patients were male. Among 14 patients, Hirschsprung’s disease, ulcerative colitis and FAP were seen in 10, 3, and one case, respectively. They were followed up annually. Clinical and endoscopic examinations were performed to evaluate the function of ileocecorectal anastomosis. They followed from 2 to 24 years. At first year, the patients experienced four to six bowel movements during the day and one at night. This frequency decreased over time. The main postoperative complications included recurrent enterocolitis (n=2), perianal fistula (n=2). Only 2 patients were suffering from some degree of fecal soiling. Conclusion: The results show that the Ileocecal patch- low rectal anastomosis in total colectomy leads to low complications and prevent fecal frequency and incontinence. It also increases absorptive function of ileum in children. PMID:24778783

Mehrabi, Valiullah; Mohajerzadeh, Leily; Mirshemirani, Alireza; Khaleghnejad Tabari, Ahmad; Falahi, Azadeh; Abtahi, Shabnam; Kafaei, Marjan

2014-01-01

82

Urinary Diversion  

MedlinePLUS

... and, for some people, provides a sense of security. Urostomy pouch Caring for a Continent Cutaneous Reservoir For a continent cutaneous reservoir, patients learn how to insert a catheter through the ...

83

The chances of a spina bifida patient becoming continent\\/socially dry by conservative therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and one patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction due to myelomeningocele or sacral dysplasia, all older than 10 years of age, with a mean age of 15 years, and under regular urological control for many years were evaluated to discover if they had achieved urinary continence (dry day and night) or the status of socially dry (with

M Knoll; H Madersbacher

1993-01-01

84

Earthquakes Within Continents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page offers an model for explaining earthquakes that occur within continents, namely, the New Madrid seismic zone. The model, known as the Booby Trap, is an example of a complex system. A link to a video depicting the model is also provided.

Seth Stein

85

Urinary Dysfunction  

MedlinePLUS

... PCF Spotlight Glossary African American Men Living with Prostate Cancer Urinary Dysfunction Side Effects Urinary Dysfunction Bowel Dysfunction ... dysfunction is normal following initial therapy for localized prostate cancer. But it’s important to realize that not all ...

86

Technical Note: Improved technique for fitting pigs with steered ileocecal valve cannulas.  

PubMed

Collection of ileal digesta to evaluate AA digestibilities has become increasingly important in swine nutrition research. Steered ileocecal valve cannulation of pigs permits total collection of ileal digesta, while still allowing normal digesta flow during noncollection periods. This technique was modified and used with 64 crossbred barrows in five trials. Our procedural changes included preoperative i.v. administration of a broad-spectrum antibiotic and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug, sharp incision through the muscle layers of the laparotomy wound, use of a heparinized saline lavage solution, replacement of the guide ring with a stylette, and fixing the outer cannula barrel in place with a hose clamp. The current technique involves a right flank laparotomy, parallel and distal to the last rib, with the pig under general anesthesia. A stainless-steel ring (inner ring = 2.0 mm thick, 35.0 mm i.d.) is introduced into the ileal lumen through an enterotomy proximal to the origin of the ileocecal fold. A nylon string attached to this ring is threaded through the ileum and ileocecal valve into the cecum using a silastic stylette, which encases the string. A second stainless-steel ring (outer ring = 2.0 mm thick, 34 mm o.d.) is fixed in place around the ileum, distal to the inner ring and just proximal to the ileocecal valve. A polyurethane cannula barrel (barrel = 100 mm long, 26 mm i.d., 32 mm o.d.; flange = 70 mm o.d.) is introduced into the cecal lumen via an enterotomy through the lateral cecal band and secured in place with two purse-string sutures. The cannula is exteriorized through an incision caudal and proximal to the intial laparotomy site, where it is plugged using a cylindrical stopper (26 mm o.d., 55 mm long) and held in place by a second cannula barrel (barrel = 43 mm length, 33 mm i.d., 41 mm o.d.; flange = 80 mm o.d.). Procedural changes decreased postsurgical complications, as evidenced by decreased seepage around the cannula and fewer and less severe adhesions noted at necropsy. Based on five trials, this technique is a reliable means of collecting ileal digesta for nutrient analyses. PMID:15956465

Radcliffe, J S; Rice, J P; Pleasant, R S; Apgar, G A

2005-07-01

87

Predictors of early continence following robot-assisted radical prostatectomy  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Functional outcomes after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) greatly influence patient quality of life. Data regarding predictors of early continence, especially 1 month following RARP, are limited. Previous reports mainly address immediate or 3-month postoperative continence rates. We examine preoperative predictors of pad-free continence recovery at the first follow-up visit 1 month after RARP. Methods: Between January 2007 and January 2013, preoperative and follow-up data were prospectively collected for 327 RARP patients operated on by 2 fellowship-trained surgeons (AEH and KCZ). Patient and operative characteristics included age, body mass index (BMI), staging, preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate weight, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) score and type of nerve-sparing performed. Continence was defined by 0-pad usage at 1 month follow-up. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to assess for predictors of early continence. Results: Overall, 44% of patients were pad-free 1 month post-RARP. In multivariate regression analysis, age (odds ratio [OR] 0.946, confidence interval [CI] 95%: 0.91, 0.98) and IPSS (OR: 0.953, CI 95%: 0.92, 0.99) were independent predictors of urinary continence 1 month following RARP. Other variables (BMI, staging, preoperative PSA, SHIM score, prostate weight and type of nerve-sparing) were not statistically significant predictors of early continence. Limitations of this study include missing data for comorbidities, patient use of pelvic floor exercises and patient maximal activity. Moreover, patient-reported continence using a 0-pad usage definition represents a semiquantitative and subjective measurement. Conclusion: In a broad population of patients who underwent RARP at our institution, 44% of patients were pad-free at 1 month. Age and IPSS were independent predictors of early continence after surgery. Men of advanced age and those with significant lower urinary tract symptoms prior to RARP should be counselled on the increased risk of urinary incontinence in the early stages. PMID:25737770

Lavigueur-Blouin, Hugo; Noriega, Alina Camacho; Valdivieso, Roger; Hueber, Pierre-Alain; Bienz, Marc; Alhathal, Naif; Latour, Mathieu; Trinh, Quoc-Dien; El-Hakim, Assaad; Zorn, Kevin C.

2015-01-01

88

Urinary Incontinence  

MedlinePLUS

... you have this problem. If you hide your incontinence, you risk getting rashes, sores, skin infections and urinary tract infections. Also, you may ... a list of common causes. Causes of urinary incontinence For women, thinning and drying of the skin in the vagina or urethra, especially after menopause ...

89

The deep structure of continents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lehmann discontinuity at 220-km depth is an important global feature which occurs under both oceans and continents. It is a barrier to penetration by young lithosphere and marks the base of seismicity in regions of continent-continent collision. The strong lateral variation in upper mantle velocities occurs mainly above this depth. Continental roots extend no deeper than about 150-200 km.

Don L. Anderson

1979-01-01

90

Continent cutaneous diversion and external genitalia reconstruction in a child with severe variety urogenital sinus and ambiguous genitalia.  

PubMed

The diagnosis and management of a child with ambiguous genitalia and severe variety of urogenital sinus with a high vesico-vaginal confluence is challenging. This 4-year-old female child had solitary right kidney with ectopic ureter opening in high variety of urogenital sinus with hypo-plastic urinary bladder and incontinence. We describe genitourinary reconstruction with complete functional rehabilitation in this child. This complex problem was managed with continent urinary diversion with Penn pouch and refashioning of external genitalia, rendering continence and near normal female external genitalia. The child and parents are happy with continence and aesthetically normal external genitalia. PMID:25829673

Khemchandani, Sajni I

2015-01-01

91

Continent cutaneous diversion and external genitalia reconstruction in a child with severe variety urogenital sinus and ambiguous genitalia  

PubMed Central

The diagnosis and management of a child with ambiguous genitalia and severe variety of urogenital sinus with a high vesico-vaginal confluence is challenging. This 4-year-old female child had solitary right kidney with ectopic ureter opening in high variety of urogenital sinus with hypo-plastic urinary bladder and incontinence. We describe genitourinary reconstruction with complete functional rehabilitation in this child. This complex problem was managed with continent urinary diversion with Penn pouch and refashioning of external genitalia, rendering continence and near normal female external genitalia. The child and parents are happy with continence and aesthetically normal external genitalia.

Khemchandani, Sajni I.

2015-01-01

92

Factors associated with variations in older people's use of community-based continence services.  

PubMed

Many people who have urinary incontinence and who may benefit from healthcare and professional advice do not currently access UK National Health Service services, even though effective treatments are available in the community. Older people have an increased prevalence of incontinence and a correspondingly increased need for continence services. Therefore, increasing older people's access to continence services has the potential to reduce inequalities and improve quality of life. The present study aimed to identify older people with urinary incontinence living in the community, to describe and compare the characteristics of users and non-users of continence services, and to identify factors which prevent older people seeking help. A cross-sectional postal survey of patients aged over 65 years registered with four general practices in an urban area found an overall prevalence of 39% of older people with urinary incontinence, only 15% of whom had accessed services. Two-thirds of respondents who reported that they experienced urinary leakage several times per week to all the time, and up to two-thirds of those reporting leakage of moderate or large volumes of leakage had not accessed services. The majority of older people are in regular contact with health professionals, and the greatest single influence on use of services was that of being asked whether there were continence problems by a health professional. Being married or having a partner, experiencing less pain generally, and suffering relatively high frequency and volumes of urinary leakage also appeared to be associated independently with continence service use. In conclusion, there appears to be considerable unmet need for continence services. Health professionals should be aware that incontinence is an important health problem for older people, and by asking older people specifically about urinary leakage, they could reduce inequalities in use of services. PMID:14675365

Peters, Tim J; Horrocks, Sue; Stoddart, Helen; Somerset, Maggie

2004-01-01

93

Thermal and Mechanical Models of Continent-Continent Convergence Zones  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thermal regimes of continent-continent convergence zones are modelled by a finite difference technique, assuming that there is some subduction of continental crust. Gravity and heat flow profiles are generated from the thermal models. Subducted crust and slab remain cool except at the upper surface where frictional heating is important. Crustal rocks may be metamorphosed or melted by friction while

Peter Bird; M. Nafi Toksöz; Norman H. Sleep

1975-01-01

94

Thermal and mechanical models of continent-continent convergence zones  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thermal regimes of continent-continent convergence zones are modelled by a finite difference technique, assuming that there is some subduction of continental crust. Gravity and heat flow profiles are generated from the thermal models. Subducted crust and slab remain cool except at the upper surface where frictional heating is important. Crustal rocks may be metamorphosed or melted by friction while

Peter Bird; M. Nafi Toksöz; Norman H. Sleep

1975-01-01

95

Alfred Lothar Wegener: Moving continents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This background information on Alfred Wegener discusses his idea of continental drift. It explains how he came to the conclusion that the continents split apart as outlined in his 1915 book The Origin of Continents and Oceans. The site also provides information about his death in 1930 only a year after the final revision of his book.

96

Formation of an Archaean continent  

Microsoft Academic Search

About 30 percent of the earth is covered by continents, but only about 10 small kernels of these continents - known as Archaean cratons - are continental fragments formed before 2.5 Gyr ago. The Kaapvaal craton of South Africa, which formed and stabilized between 3.7 and 2.7 Gyr ago, is one of the oldest reasonably sized examples of these continental

Maarten J. de Wit; Chris Roering; Rodger J. Hart; Richard A. Armstrong; Cornel E. J. de Ronde; Rod W. E. Green; Marian Tredoux; Ellie Peberdy; Roger A. Hart

1992-01-01

97

Bladder agenesis and incomplete kidney duplication: Ileal reservoir with continent diversion as definitive treatment  

PubMed Central

Bladder agenesis is an extremely rare entity. A 12-year-old female patient presented with urinary incontinence, recurrent urinary tract infections, visible vaginal introitus and urethra, and two holes at the vulvar vestibule. An investigation revealed bladder agenesis. Surgery confirmed the absence of bladder, and ileal reservoir in omega (?) was performed with continent diversion. At the 30-month follow-up, there was no complication in clean intermittent catheterization.

Pacheco-Mendoza, Byron Alexis; González-Ledón, Fernando J.; Díaz-Pardo, Mario; Soto-Blanquel, Juan L.; Castelán-Martínez, Osvaldo Daniel

2015-01-01

98

Bladder agenesis and incomplete kidney duplication: Ileal reservoir with continent diversion as definitive treatment.  

PubMed

Bladder agenesis is an extremely rare entity. A 12-year-old female patient presented with urinary incontinence, recurrent urinary tract infections, visible vaginal introitus and urethra, and two holes at the vulvar vestibule. An investigation revealed bladder agenesis. Surgery confirmed the absence of bladder, and ileal reservoir in omega (?) was performed with continent diversion. At the 30-month follow-up, there was no complication in clean intermittent catheterization. PMID:25844102

Pacheco-Mendoza, Byron Alexis; González-Ledón, Fernando J; Díaz-Pardo, Mario; Soto-Blanquel, Juan L; Castelán-Martínez, Osvaldo Daniel

2015-01-01

99

The Current Role of the Artificial Urinary Sphincter in Male and Female Urinary Incontinence  

PubMed Central

The evolution of the artificial urinary sphincter has affected the current surgical options for urinary incontinence. With its unique features, the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) has been an attractive option for the treatment of urinary incontinence regardless of gender. The current paper discusses the indications, contraindications, types of devices, surgical approaches, outcomes, and complications of the AUS in the treatment of both male and female urinary incontinence. A PubMed review of the available literature was performed and articles reporting implantation of artificial urinary sphincters for urinary incontinence in both male and female patients were evaluated. There was a comparable satisfactory continence rate after the implantation of an AUS (59~97% in males vs. 60~92% in females). In comparison, there were some differences in the indications, contraindications, surgical approaches, outcomes, and complications of the AUS implanted for urinary incontinence in male and female patients. AUS implantation is a safe and effective surgical option for the treatment of urinary incontinence of various etiologies. Continuous evolution of the device has made it an attractive option for the treatment of both male and female urinary incontinence. PMID:23658862

Islah, MAR; Cho, Sung Yong

2013-01-01

100

Anatomy and Physiology of Continence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Webster’s dictionary defines continence as “the ability to retain a bodily discharge voluntarily”. The word has its origins\\u000a from the Latin continere or teuere, which means “to hold”. The anorectum is the caudal end of the gastrointestinal tract, and is responsible for fecal continence\\u000a and defecation. In humans, defecation is a viscero somatic reflex that is often preceded by several

Adil E. Bharucha; Roberta E. Blandon; Peter J. Lunniss; S. Mark Scott

101

Extended Diaper Wearing: Effects on Continence in and out of the Diaper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diaper use is widespread and possibly even increasing across diverse populations in the United States, ranging from infants to very old adults. We found no reports of an experimental analysis of the effect of wearing diapers on the frequency of urinary accidents and the attainment of continence skills (e.g., urinating in the toilet). In this…

Tarbox, Rachel S. F.; Williams, W. Larry; Friman, Patrick C.

2004-01-01

102

The mainz-pouch (mixed augmentation ileum 'n zecum) for bladder augmentation and continent diversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ideal urinary reservoir constructed from bowel material should be a low-pressure system with a high capacity, capable of preventing upper tract deterioration resulting from ureteral obstruction or reflux. It should achieve reliable control of continence and assure easy emptying of the reservoir. In the Mainz-pouch, the combination of cecum and ileum, the latter of which is able to absorb

J. W. Thtiroff; P. Alken; H. Riedmiller; U. Engelmann; G. H. Jacobi; R. Hohenfellner

1985-01-01

103

URINARY SIDEROSIS  

PubMed Central

In diseases which bring about a siderosis of the kidney there are ordinarily present in the urinary sediment cells containing granules of hemosiderin, and often many free granules as well. The finding has proved useful in the diagnosis of hemochromatosis and will probably be of service in the recognition of pernicious anemia, and possibly some other diseases. But in this relation the fact should be emphasized that urinary siderosis, as one may term it, is the indication of a renal condition, not of a disease. PMID:19868284

Rous, Peyton

1918-01-01

104

TVT: on midurethral tape positioning and its influence on continence.  

PubMed

All known original and subsequent publications describing the treatment of stress urinary incontinence by means of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) assert that fixing the tape in a midurethral position is an absolute requirement for restoring continence and avoiding bladder voiding disorders. These studies assume that TVT works by replacing defective pubourethral ligaments inserting at the midurethra. In 20 patients we intraoperatively marked the suburethral position of the tape by metal clips and X-ray-proof string, and documented this postoperatively by X-ray images. In most cases the tape was located in the proximal third of the urethra, which did not cause a higher rate of bladder voiding disorders. All 20 patients became continent through the operation. We do not contest the efficiency of the TVT procedure, but we disprove first, that correctly performed operations always result in the midurethral location of the tape, and secondly that the midurethral position is decisive for its success. PMID:12054178

Kaum, H J; Wolff, F

2002-01-01

105

Urinary incontinence.  

PubMed

Essential facts Urinary incontinence (UI) - the unintentional passing of urine - affects around one in three women. UI can have a significant psychological impact and it may be vastly under-reported. This is because women may be too embarrassed to seek advice, may not want to bother their GP, believe it is part of ageing, or be unaware that treatments are available. PMID:25758492

2015-03-11

106

Microbiomes of Unreactive and Pathologically Altered Ileocecal Lymph Nodes of Slaughter Pigs  

PubMed Central

Microbe-laden dendritic cells are shifted to ileocecal lymph nodes (ICLNs), where microbes are concentrated and an adequate immune response is triggered. Hence, ICLNs are at a crucial position in immune anatomy and control processes of the local immune system. Pathological alterations in ICLNs, such as reactive hyperplasia, lymphadenitis purulenta, or granulomatosa, can harbor a multitude of pathogens and commensals, posing a potential zoonotic risk in animal production. The aim of this study was to characterize the microbial diversity of unreactive ICLNs of slaughter pigs and to investigate community shifts in reactive ICLNs altered by enlargement, purulence, or granulomatous formations. Pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons from 32 ICLNs yielded 175,313 sequences, clustering into 650 operational taxonomic units (OTUs). OTUs were assigned to 239 genera and 11 phyla. Besides a highly diverse bacterial community in ICLNs, we observed significant shifts in pathologically altered ICLNs. The relative abundances of Cloacibacterium- and Novosphingobium-associated OTUs and the genus Faecalibacterium were significantly higher in unreactive ICLNs than in pathologically altered ICLNs. Enlarged ICLNs harbored significantly more Lactobacillus- and Clostridium-associated sequences. Relative abundances of Mycoplasma, Bacteroides, Veillonella, and Variovorax OTUs were significantly increased in granulomatous ICLNs, whereas abundances of Pseudomonas, Escherichia, and Acinetobacter OTUs were significantly increased in purulent ICLNs (P < 0.05). Correlation-based networks revealed interactions among OTUs in all ICLN groups, and discriminant analyses depicted discrimination in response to pathological alterations. This study is the first community-based survey in ICLNs of livestock animals and will provide a basis to broaden the knowledge of microbe-host interactions in pigs. PMID:24141125

Mann, Evelyne; Dzieciol, Monika; Metzler-Zebeli, Barbara U.; Wagner, Martin

2014-01-01

107

Microbiomes of unreactive and pathologically altered ileocecal lymph nodes of slaughter pigs.  

PubMed

Microbe-laden dendritic cells are shifted to ileocecal lymph nodes (ICLNs), where microbes are concentrated and an adequate immune response is triggered. Hence, ICLNs are at a crucial position in immune anatomy and control processes of the local immune system. Pathological alterations in ICLNs, such as reactive hyperplasia, lymphadenitis purulenta, or granulomatosa, can harbor a multitude of pathogens and commensals, posing a potential zoonotic risk in animal production. The aim of this study was to characterize the microbial diversity of unreactive ICLNs of slaughter pigs and to investigate community shifts in reactive ICLNs altered by enlargement, purulence, or granulomatous formations. Pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons from 32 ICLNs yielded 175,313 sequences, clustering into 650 operational taxonomic units (OTUs). OTUs were assigned to 239 genera and 11 phyla. Besides a highly diverse bacterial community in ICLNs, we observed significant shifts in pathologically altered ICLNs. The relative abundances of Cloacibacterium- and Novosphingobium-associated OTUs and the genus Faecalibacterium were significantly higher in unreactive ICLNs than in pathologically altered ICLNs. Enlarged ICLNs harbored significantly more Lactobacillus- and Clostridium-associated sequences. Relative abundances of Mycoplasma, Bacteroides, Veillonella, and Variovorax OTUs were significantly increased in granulomatous ICLNs, whereas abundances of Pseudomonas, Escherichia, and Acinetobacter OTUs were significantly increased in purulent ICLNs (P < 0.05). Correlation-based networks revealed interactions among OTUs in all ICLN groups, and discriminant analyses depicted discrimination in response to pathological alterations. This study is the first community-based survey in ICLNs of livestock animals and will provide a basis to broaden the knowledge of microbe-host interactions in pigs. PMID:24141125

Mann, Evelyne; Dzieciol, Monika; Metzler-Zebeli, Barbara U; Wagner, Martin; Schmitz-Esser, Stephan

2014-01-01

108

The malone antegrade continence enema  

Microsoft Academic Search

The previously reported Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) was used in 21 children for intractable fecal incontinence or constipation. Twelve are completely clean, and three are much improved (71% success rate). However, only four of the 21 have not had some type of complication, either minor or major. Five of the 21 now have a colostomy, and one has abandoned

D. M Griffiths; P. S Malone

1995-01-01

109

Improved results with continent ileostomy.  

PubMed Central

The objective of this study was to determine if recent technical modifications have improved our results with continent ileostomy (Kock pouch). The modifications were that the valve of the pouch was made at least 5 cm in length and was anchored with specially placed, nonabsorbable sutures or staples. The pouch was drained continuously for the first four postoperative weeks, after which it was only gradually allowed to expand. Results from our first 149 patients were compared to those from our last 150 patients, in whom the modified approach was used. The age, sex, indications for operation and types of operation were similar in the early and late groups. No postoperative deaths occurred, and the incidence of continence at dismissal from hospital was near 100% in both groups. However, 15 pouches were excised in the early group as opposed to only five in the late group (p < 0.01). Moreover, the need for revision of the valve by one year was 43% in the early group but only 22% in the late group (p < 0.001). Long-term follow-up showed that complete continence was present in 60% of patients in the early group and 75% of patients in the later group (p < 0.05), although only about 5% of patients in either group wore an ileostomy bag. We concluded that recent technical changes have improved the results after continent ileostomy. PMID:7416829

Dozois, R R; Kelly, K A; Beart, R W; Beahrs, O H

1980-01-01

110

Urological problems or fecal continence during long-term follow-up of patients with anorectal malformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Anorectal malformations comprise a wide spectrum of diseases. The main concerns for the surgeon in correcting these anomalies\\u000a are bowel control, urinary control, and sexual function. The aim of this study was to evaluate fecal continence together with\\u000a additional urinary anomalies in patients with anorectal malformations (ARM) and determine which of them is more troublesome\\u000a for life quality in long-term

Emrah Senel; Fatih Akbiyik; Halil Atayurt; H. Tugrul Tiryaki

2010-01-01

111

Impact of Ileocecal Resection and Concomitant Antibiotics on the Microbiome of the Murine Jejunum and Colon  

PubMed Central

Ileocecal resection (ICR) is a commonly required surgical intervention in unmanageable Crohn’s disease and necrotizing enterocolitis. However, the impact of ICR, and the concomitant doses of antibiotic routinely given with ICR, on the intestinal commensal microbiota has not been determined. In this study, wild-type C57BL6 mice were subjected to ICR and concomitant single intraperitoneal antibiotic injection. Intestinal lumen contents were collected from jejunum and colon at 7, 14, and 28 days after resection and compared to non-ICR controls. Samples were analyzed by16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing and quantitative PCR. The intestinal microbiota was altered by 7 days after ICR and accompanying antibiotic treatment, with decreased diversity in the colon. Phylogenetic diversity (PD) decreased from 11.8 ± 1.8 in non-ICR controls to 5.9 ± 0.5 in 7-day post-ICR samples. There were also minor effects in the jejunum where PD values decreased from 8.3 ± 0.4 to 7.5 ± 1.4. PCoA analysis indicated that bacterial populations 28 days post-ICR differed significantly from non-ICR controls. Moreover, colon and jejunum bacterial populations were remarkably similar 28 days after resection, whereas the initial communities differed markedly. Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes were the predominant phyla in jejunum and colon before ICR; however, Firmicutes became the vastly predominant phylum in jejunum and colon 28 days after ICR. Although the microbiota returned towards a homeostatic state, with re-establishment of Firmicutes as the predominant phylum, we did not detect Bacteroidetes in the colon 28 days after ICR. In the jejunum Bacteroidetes was detected at a 0.01% abundance after this time period. The changes in jejunal and colonic microbiota induced by ICR and concomitant antibiotic injection may therefore be considered as potential regulators of post-surgical adaptive growth or function, and in a setting of active IBD, potential contributors to post-surgical pathophysiology of disease recurrence. PMID:24015295

Speck, K. Elizabeth; Knight, Rob; Helmrath, Michael; Lund, P. Kay; Azcarate-Peril, M. Andrea

2013-01-01

112

Urinary Tract Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Information Clinical Trials Resources and Publications En Español Urinary Tract Health: Condition Information Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content What is urinary tract health? The urinary (pronounced YOOR-uh-ner-ee ) tract? ...

113

[Undiversion in a patient with ileal conduit using cecoileal urinary reservoir, a case report].  

PubMed

A case of urinary undiversion in a 19 year old man with high ileal loop, who at the age of 1 year was inadvertently cystectomized for probable acute urinary retention masquerading as acute abdomen, is reported. The ileo-ceco-colonic segment was isolated and the colon was partially detubularized. After ileocecal intussusception and stabilization to the cecal wall (Hendren), a segment of ileal patch was applied to form an Indiana type pouch. The ileal loop was free from the abdominal wall and its distal end was anastomosed to the terminal ileum of the pouch. Undiversion was completed by connecting the pouch at its dependent portion with the remnant prostatic urethra. At 4 months postoperatively the pouch functions quite satisfactorily as a low pressure and good volume reservoir that empties well without reflux. His erectile and ejaculatory function have also been maintained. PMID:1564831

Kashiwagi, A; Satou, S; Machino, R; Chikaraishi, T; Demura, T; Nomomura, K; Togashi, M; Koyanagi, T

1992-01-01

114

Continents and Oceans on a Map  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the seven continents and four oceans and basic features found on a map? 1. Your teacher will pass out this graphic organizer. As you learn use this organizer to write down all the continents, oceans, and three basic features found on maps. Graphic organizer. 2. Look at this map and on your graphic organizer write down all seven continents. Continents Map. 3. Go to this website and ...

Ms. Houghton

2010-11-04

115

Bony Pelvis Dimensions in Women With and Without Stress Urinary Incontinence  

PubMed Central

AIMS To test the null hypothesis that bony pelvis dimensions are similar in women with and without stress urinary incontinence, both in the postpartum and midlife periods. METHODS Secondary analyses were performed of two case-control studies comparing women with stress urinary incontinence to asymptomatic controls. One study examined primiparas in the first 9–12 months postpartum; the other study involved middle-aged women. Stress urinary incontinence was confirmed by full-bladder stress test. All subjects underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging. The interspinous and intertuberous diameters, subpubic angle and sacrococcygeal joint-to-the inferior pubic point distance were measured from the images independently by two authors. RESULTS In the young cohorts, we compared primiparas with de novo postpartum stress urinary incontinence to both continent primiparas and nulliparas. Postpartum stress urinary incontinence is associated with a wider subpubic angle. There is also a trend towards wider interspinous and intertuberous diameters in the stress-incontinent primiparas as compared to the continent cohorts, although this did not reach statistical significance with our sample sizes. By contrast, no significant differences in bony pelvis dimensions were identified when comparing middle-aged women with stress urinary incontinence and their continent controls. CONCLUSIONS Bony pelvis dimensions are different in women with stress urinary incontinence than in matched continent controls. However, these differences are only identified in young primiparas in the postpartum period, not in middle-aged women. PMID:22674676

Berger, Mitchell B.; Doumouchtsis, Stergios K.; DeLancey, John O.

2012-01-01

116

To A Continent A Reference Guide  

E-print Network

Headwaters To A Continent A Reference Guide to Montana's Water Produced by Susan Higgins-Headwaters To A Continent A Place in the Hydrologic Cycle The Historical Significance of Water in Montana Water Availability as accessible as possible to a variety of users. #12;Montana- Headwaters to a Continent A s the title

Dyer, Bill

117

TRansformation of Oceanic Plateaus Into ContinentS (TROPICS): Collaborative multidisciplinary international research and education program  

E-print Network

C-1 TRansformation of Oceanic Plateaus Into ContinentS (TROPICS): Collaborative multidisciplinary's continents, large areas of thick silica-rich ("granitic") crust, are unique. Understanding the mechanical (accretion) and chemical (differentiation) processes of continent formation, and whether there has been

Menke, William

118

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)  

MedlinePLUS

... Our ePublications > Urinary tract infection fact sheet ePublications Urinary tract infection fact sheet Print this fact sheet Urinary tract ... a doctor find out if I have a urinary tract infection (UTI)? To find out if you have a ...

119

Magnetic Reversals and Moving Continents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a brief review of the role of polar reversals in the development of the Theory of Plate Tectonics from the old continental drift concept of Alfred Wegener. It describes the physical difference between the continents and the ocean floor and also the surprising order of the magnetic bands on the ocean floor and how this led to the idea of sea-floor spreading as postulated by Fred Vines and Drummond Matthews in 1962. The author then goes into more detail and gives examples of Plate Tectonics.

David Stern

120

Mid-continent gas symposium  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the Proceedings of the Society of Petroleum Engineers Mid-Continent Gas Symposium held in Amarillo, Texas, U.S.A. April 28-30, 1996. Presentations given at this meeting covered topics including: Reservoir engineering of natural gas fields, well production, well completion, well stimulation techniques such as waterflooding and hydraulic fracturing of reservoir rock, performance of natural gas wells, and other topics involving resource management and development of natural gas fields. Several papers also discussed fluid flow in reservoir rock: steady state flow, non-Darcy flow (steady state) and transient flow in horizontal, vertical, partially penetrating wells and in fractures.

NONE

1996-09-01

121

Urethral pressure increase on effort originates from within the urethra, and continence from musculovaginal closure.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to determine the contribution of intra-abdominal pressure transmission to urinary continence in the female. Five patients with genuine stress incontinence (GSI) were studied. Pressure transmission was measured in equivalent positions inside and outside the urethra and bladder during the Intravaginal Slingplasty procedure, a surgical operation used for treatment of urinary incontinence, and performed under local anaesthesia. A 6 mm diameter channel was created alongside the urethra. Two separate microtransducer catheters appropriately marked for length were inserted, one inside the urethra, and the other inside the described channel. With the vaginal hammock intact, an average of 10 simultaneous pressure measurements were made intraoperatively in response to coughing and straining in equivalent positions inside the urethra, and directly outside. Significantly higher pressure readings were found inside the urethra (P = 0.0025), indicating that an active component within the urethra may have created this pressure rise. After opening out two suburethral vaginal flaps, large quantities of urine were lost on coughing in all patients. Continence was achieved on tightening the suburethral vagina, indicating that an adequately tight vaginal hammock is a critical element in the continence process. The findings of this study question intraabdominal pressure as a mechanism contributing to continence, but support an alternative mechanism, musculovaginal closure of the urethra. PMID:7581470

Petros, P E; Ulmsten, U

1995-01-01

122

Mapping the Moho beneath the Southern Alps continent-continent collision, New Zealand, using wide-angle reflections  

E-print Network

Mapping the Moho beneath the Southern Alps continent-continent collision, New Zealand, using wide. Okaya, and J. Yu (2004), Mapping the Moho beneath the Southern Alps continent-continent collision, New mantle (7.6­ 7.8 km/s) [Jarchow and Thompson, 1989]. Isostatic constraints demonstrate that in continent-continent

Okaya, David

123

Continent ileovesicostomy after bladder neck closure as salvage procedure for intractable incontinence  

PubMed Central

Introduction We evaluated the success rate of continent vesicostomy using an ileal segment with seroserosally embedded, tapered ileum for bladder augmentation with continent stoma following bladder neck closure (BNC) for severely damaged bladders or persistent urinary incontinence. Material and methods A total of 15 patients were treated for persistent urinary incontinence or non–reconstructible bladder outlet between 2003 and 2012. Underlying diagnosis included post–prostatectomy incontinence (n = 5), recurrent bladder neck stenosis (n = 5), neurogenic bladder (n = 3), urethral tumor recurrence following orthotopic neobladder (n = 1) and post–TVT and colposuspension incontinence (n = 1). All patients underwent open BNC, omental interposition and continent vesicoileostomy. The continent outlet was placed in the lower abdomen using a circumferential subcutaneous and skin plasty to avoid retraction. Data collected included age, underlying diagnosis, stoma site, time to complications and need for subsequent surgical revisions. All patients received a standardized questionnaire at the time of data acquisition and were personally interviewed. Results Median follow–up was 24 months (range: 2–111). Primary BNC was successful in all patients and primary continence rate was 86.7%. Two patients (13.3%) suffered from failure of the continence mechanism, caused by stoma stenosis at skin level and insufficiency of the bladder augmentation and stoma due to local infection. One additional patient developed a mild stomal incontinence without need for further reconstruction. Regardless of the number of revisions, at the last follow–up 93.3% of patients had a functional channel. All complications occurred within the first postoperative year. Conclusions This technique is an effective last resort treatment for patients with non–reconstructible bladder outlet. PMID:24757550

Anheuser, Petra; Rausch, Steffen; Fechner, Guido; Braun, Moritz; Müller, Stefan C.; Steffens, Joachim A.; Kälble, Tilman

2013-01-01

124

Construction of a continent outlet using an ileal valve, an in vivo animal model.  

PubMed

The efficacy of a new continent outlet mechanism using a simple ileal valve in a continent cutaneous urinary diversion was evaluated. In eight mongrel dogs, a 50 cm distal ileal segment was isolated. The distal 41 cm of the isolated segment was opened along the antimesenteric border while the proximal 9 cm was not detubularized. The distal 6 cm part of the non-detubularized segment was tapered over a 30 F catheter and closed with continuous 3/0 polyglactin sutures. In order to create a valve, this 6 cm tapered ileal segment was wrapped anteriorly by the most distal part of the detubularized ileal segment. The remaining part of the detubularized ileal segment was folded into a U configuration. The posterior plate was completed by joining the limbs of the U with running absorbable sutures. Afterwards, the reservoir was closed by folding the ileal plate in half in the opposite direction to which it was opened. The intact proximal 3 cm part of the isolated ileal segment was brought out to the abdominal skin. A pouchogram of the reservoir and video-urodynamic studies were performed to evaluate the efficacy of the continent outlet 18-20 weeks after surgery. Video-urodynamic studies and pouchograms of the reservoirs revealed no leakage from the continent outlet in any dog. Reservoirs had a mean capacity of 413 +/- 51 ml (range 356-447 ml). When the reservoir was filled to maximum capacity, the average total reservoir pressure was 29 +/- 4.7 cm H2O (range 21-45). This procedure, using a single ileal segment for construction of the continent cutaneous urinary diversion, is simple and safe. The ileal valve mechanism serves as a reliable continent outlet system. PMID:12709771

Türkölmez, Kadir; Gö?ü?, Ca?atay; Baltaci, Sümer

2003-07-01

125

Quality of life: the continent ileostomy.  

PubMed Central

Ten patients are presented in whom a continent ileostomy (internal ileal reservoir or Kock Pouch) was constructed. The series is unique in that it includes the first such ileostomy successfully constructed in this country. The other 9 patients, for a variety of reasons, sought conversion from a standard ileostomy with an external appliance, to a continent ileostomy. Eight of 9 were successfully converted. Subsequent loss of continence has occurred in 2 of the patients due to reduction or intususception of the nipple valve. In one of the two, a satisfactory level of continence appears related to adequate pouch size. The second patient is seriously inconvenienced by a varying level of continence in part related to slow development of pouch size. Seven of the 10 attest to a dramatic improvement in life style, and illustrate the high level of patient satisfaction with a continent ileostomy. PMID:1147705

King, S A

1975-01-01

126

Genital and Urinary Tract Defects  

MedlinePLUS

... this page It's been added to your dashboard . Genital and urinary tract defects Genital and urinary tract ... of waste and extra fluids. What problems can genital and urinary tract defects cause? Genital and urinary ...

127

Post-Prostatectomy incontinence and the Artificial Urinary Sphincter: A Long-Term Study of Patient Satisfaction and Criteria for Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeWe investigated patient satisfaction with the artificial urinary sphincter and established criteria for a successful outcome by inquiring about patient perceived satisfaction, continence achieved and comparison with the surgeon office records.

Scott E. Litwiller; Kap B. Kim; Patricia D. Fone; Ralph W. deVere White; Anthony R. Stone

1996-01-01

128

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)  

MedlinePLUS

... about? A: Pee! But if you have a urinary tract infection, or UTI, you're probably thinking about peeing ... a UTI? You may notice signs of a urinary tract infection before anyone else can see there's anything wrong ...

129

Male urinary incontinence and the urinary sheath.  

PubMed

This article addresses the assessment and management of male incontinence with a specific focus on the use of the male external catheter (MEC) or urinary sheath. Education and expertise when dealing with a man with urinary incontinence, as well as a tactful and sensitive attitude towards this embarrassing problem, are essential for a successful outcome. The urinary sheath is often perceived by nurses and patients as a difficult product to master and is prone to failure owing to incorrect fitting and management. With correct usage it can make a great difference to a patient's quality of life and avoid problems often associated with urinary catheters and pads such as urinary infection and skin excoriation. Detailed assessment of the patient as well as his suitability for the MEC is essential for a successful outcome. PMID:24820510

Smart, Clare

130

[Bladder replacement by a continent ileocolonic intestinal reservoir wih antireflux-plasty--experimental study in the dog].  

PubMed

The purpose of this experimental study was to try to develop a continent appliance-free urinary diversion with a non-refluxing urinary reservoir to be emptied by intermittent catheterization. A reliable antireflux plasty can be performed only on the large bowel wall. Continence can only be achieved using small bowel. For these reasons an ileo-colic urinary reservoir was conceived and experienced in 20 beagle dogs of both sexes. The posterior wall of the reservoir is formed by an intestinal plate constructed with two ileal loops. Continence is achieved by intussuscepting the terminal ileum in a retrograde fashion into the reservoir for a distance of 5 cm, thus creating a competent nipple valve between the pouch and the ileostoma. The anterior wall of the reservoir is formed using a colonic plate obtained by dividing the excluded sigmoid colon at the antimesenteric border. A long submucuous tunnel is created in the colon in which to lay the ureter. Thus renal infection and chronic pyelonephritis are avoided. Continence of the stoma is both socially and economically acceptable and improves the quality of life. PMID:6392797

Lamesch, A; Dociu, N

1984-01-01

131

Lower urinary tract reconstruction in association with renal transplantation.  

PubMed

Congenital or acquired dysfunction of the lower urinary tract may result in renal failure. In this group of patients urinary diversion or lower urinary tract reconstruction is mandatory prior to renal transplantation. Avoiding creation of an external stoma offers far more better quality of life to these unfortunate patients. We present three patients in end-stage renal disease. Two of them presented with dysfunction of the lower urinary tract and the third with absence of the bladder. Reconstruction or substitution of their bladders has been performed prior to kidney transplantation. In one patient an artificial urinary sphincter was implanted simultaneously in order to achieve continence, while all the patients have to empty their neobladders or augmented bladders by clean intermittent self-catheterization. In conclusion, dysfunction or absence of the lower urinary tract does not preclude renal transplantation and however abnormal the urinary tract, transplantation can still be performed if low-pressure, high-compliance reservoir can be achieved by means of augmentation or substitution cystoplasty. PMID:9477369

Theodorou, C; Kostakis, A; Bokos, J; Plastiras, D; Vosnides, G

1997-01-01

132

Bladder augmentation and urinary diversion in patients with neurogenic bladder: surgical considerations.  

PubMed

In patients with a neurogenic bladder, the primary goal is preservation of renal function and prevention of urinary tract infection, with urinary continence as the secondary goal. After failure of conservative treatment (clean intermittent catheterisation and pharmacotherapy) urinary diversion should be considered. In this review, the surgical options with their advantages and disadvantages are discussed. In patients with a hyper-reflexive, small-capacity and/or low-compliance bladder with normal upper urinary tract, bladder augmentation (bowel segments/ureter) is an option. To those who are unable to perform clean intermittent catheterisation via urethra, a continent cutaneous stoma can be offered. In patients with irreparable sphincter defects a continent cutaneous diversion is an option. For patients who are not suitable for a continent diversion (incompliant±chronic renal failure), a colonic conduit for incontinent diversion is preferred. Surgical complications specific to urinary diversion include: ureterointestinal stenosis, stomal stenosis, stone formation, bladder perforation, and shunt infection and obstruction. Surgical revision is required in around one third of patients. Careful lifelong follow-up of these patients is necessary, as some of these complications can occur late. PMID:22264521

Stein, Raimund; Schröder, Annette; Thüroff, Joachim W

2012-04-01

133

Detubularized Sigmoid Neobladder Versus Detubularized W-Shaped Ileal Neobladder as a Bladder Substitute after Radical Cystectomy for Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder: A Study of 60 Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To compare the urodynamic parameters, continence rates, and complications between two different continent urinary reservoirs-the sigmoid neobladder (SN) and W-shaped ileal neobladder (IN). Material and Methods: Sixty patients with bladder cancer underwent radical cystectomy and were divided into two groups. The first group comprised 33 patients who underwent detubularized sigmoid neobladder surgery. The second group included 27 patients who

MAHMOUD BASSIOUNY; ASHRAF S. ZAGHLOUL; MAGDY EL SHERBINY; NAGI SABER; HASSAN ABDALLA; AHMAD SHOKRY

2004-01-01

134

Urinary sodium to potassium ratio and urinary stone disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urinary sodium to potassium ratio and urinary stone disease. The relation was investigated of urinary sodium to potassium ratio in first morning voided urine (spot urine) to urinary stone disease in 3,625 men and women aged 25 to 74 years participating in the baseline examination of the Gubbio Population Study. History of urinary stone disease (excretion of stone, and\\/or radiographic

Massimo Cirillo; Martino Laurenzi; Walter Panarelli; Jeremiah Stamler

1994-01-01

135

Comparative Study of Various Forms of Urinary Diversion after Radical Cystectomy in Muscle Invasive Carcinoma Urinary Bladder  

PubMed Central

Objective: To compare the three types of urinary diversion namely Ileal Conduit, MAINZ Pouch II and Ileal Neobladder in terms of patient preference, post-operative hospital stay, early and late complications, continence rates, quality of life and patient satisfaction. Method: From January 2003 to October 2007, 30 patients (28 males and 2 females) of muscle invasive carcinoma urinary bladder (mean age 57.7 years) were operated upon by radical cysto- prostatectomy or anterior pelvic exenteration and urinary diversion was performed by Ileal conduit, Mainz pouch II or Ileal neobladder. The patient preference for the type of diversion was determined pre-operatively after discussing all the three types of urinary diversions. Post-operative hospital stay, early and late complications, continence rates, quality of life and patient satisfaction with the type of diversion were evaluated on follow up. Results: 60% of the patient’s preferred Ileal neobladder, 10% preferred Ileal conduit and 10% preferred Mainz pouch II as their 1st choice diversion; 20% left the decision to the operating surgeon. The mean post-operative hospital stay was 15.0 days in Ileal conduit group, 17.8 days in Mainz pouch II group and 19.7 days in Ileal neobladder group. The mean follow up was 27.7 months. Early complications (within 1 month of surgery) were observed in 46.2% of patients in Ileal conduit group, 38.5% in Mainz pouch II group and 50.0% in Ileal neobladder group. Late complications (after 1 month of surgery) were seen in 61.5% of patients in Ileal conduit group, 46.2% in Mainz pouch II group and 50.0% in Ileal neobladder group. In Mainz pouch II group 92.3% of the patients achieved daytime continence and 84.6% achieved night time continence 3 to 6 months after surgery. In Ileal neobladder group, 75.0% patients achieved day time continence and 50.0% achieved night time continence 3 to 6 months after surgery. Patient satisfaction and overall quality of life was described ‘Good’ by majority of patients in Ileal conduit group and ‘Very Good’ by majority of patients in Mainz pouch II group and Ileal neobladder group. Conclusion: There are inherited advantages and disadvantages to each form of urinary diversion and patient selection is important to identify the most appropriate method of diversion for an individual. PMID:21475504

Sherwani Afak, Y; Wazir, B S; Hamid, Arif; Wani, M S; Aziz, Rafia

2009-01-01

136

Ultrasound Thickness of Bladder Wall in Continent and Incontinent Women and Its Correlation with Cystometry  

PubMed Central

Objective. To compare bladder wall thickness in two kinds of urinary incontinent women—stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overactive bladder (OAB) with urodynamic detrusor overactivity (DO), and to compare them with continent patients by ultrasound, also, correlate with cystometric results in incontinent women. Methods. 91 women were divided into the following groups: continent (n = 31), SUI (n = 30), and DO (n = 30) groups after clinical evaluation and urodynamic test (only in incontinent women). Transvaginal ultrasound was performed to the bladder wall thickness (BWT) measurement. The mean of BWT was calculated and data were analyzed with ANOVA and Turkey's multiple comparison tests. Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) was used to compare two variables. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was performed to study BWT as a diagnostic parameter. Results. BWT in DO group was significantly higher than that in the other groups (P < 0.005). A moderate positive correlation was found between BWT and maximum bladder pressure during involuntary bladder contraction. There was no difference in BWT between SUI and continent groups. DO group had lower first desire to void and cystometric capacity. Maximum bladder pressure at detrusor contraction had a moderate positive correlation with BWT. The ROC revealed an area under the curve of 0.962 (95%?CI, 0.90–1.01). Conclusions. DO patients have increased bladder wall thickness, lower first desire to void, and lower cystometric capacity. There was a moderate correlation between BWT and maximum bladder pressure during involuntary bladder contraction. PMID:25538959

Otsuki, Edney Norio; Oliveira, Emerson; Sartori, Marair Gracio Ferreira; Girão, Manoel João Batista Castelo; Jármy-Di Bella, Zsuzsanna Ilona Katalin

2014-01-01

137

Efficacy of Physiotherapy for Urinary Incontinence following Prostate Cancer Surgery  

PubMed Central

The study enrolled 81 with urinary incontinence following radical prostate-only prostatectomy for prostatic carcinoma. The patients were divided into two groups. The patients in Group I were additionally subdivided into two subgroups with respect to the physiotherapeutic method used. The patients of subgroup IA received a rehabilitation program consisting of three parts. The patients of subgroup IB rehabilitation program consist of two parts. Group II, a control group, had reported for therapy for persistent urinary incontinence following radical prostatectomy but had not entered therapy for personal reasons. For estimating the level of incontinence, a 1-hour and 24-hour urinary pad tests, the miction diary, and incontinence questionnaire were used, and for recording the measurements of pelvic floor muscles tension, the sEMG (surface electromyography) was applied. The therapy duration depended on the level of incontinence and it continued for not longer than 12 months. Superior continence outcomes were obtained in Group I versus Group II and the difference was statistically significant. The odds ratio for regaining continence was greater in the rehabilitated Group I and smaller in the group II without the rehabilitation. A comparison of continence outcomes revealed a statistically significant difference between Subgroups IA versus IB. The physiotherapeutic procedures applied on patients with urine incontinence after prostatectomy, for most of them, proved to be an effective way of acting, which is supported by the obtained results. PMID:24868546

Baku?a, Stanis?aw

2014-01-01

138

North Mid-Continent Regional Lead Organization  

SciTech Connect

The North Mid-Continent Regional Lead Organization (RLO) is one of ten Regional Lead Organizations designated by the National Organization, called the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC). The North Mid-Continent Regional Lead Organization was funded the first of May, 1995. Goals involve transferring off-the-shelf technologies to North Mid-Continent oil operators to increase oil production and reduce the rate of well abandonments in Kansas and Missouri. The Regional Lead Organization plans to stimulate activities for service companies and consultants in the region by emphasizing technology awareness and application of current and newly developed technologies. This paper will describe (1) the North Mid-Continent Regional Lead Organization, (2) the activities it will undertake, (3) the Producer`s Advisory Group (PAG), (4) the facilities and resources at the Resource Center, and (5) the RLO`s plans to stimulate the region`s industry infra-structure.

Schoeling, L.G. [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States)

1995-12-31

139

Urinary incontinence in women.  

PubMed

Urinary incontinence affects women of all ages. History, physical examination, and certain tests can guide specialists in diagnosing stress urinary incontinence, urgency urinary incontinence, and mixed urinary incontinence. First line management includes lifestyle and behavior modification, as well as pelvic floor strength and bladder training. Drug therapy is helpful in the treatment of urgency incontinence that does not respond to conservative measures. In addition, sacral neuromodulation, intravesical onabotulinumtoxinA injections, and posterior tibial nerve stimulation can be used in select patient populations with drug refractory urgency incontinence. Midurethral synthetic slings, including retropubic and transobturator approaches, are safe and efficacious surgical options for stress urinary incontinence and have replaced more invasive bladder neck slings that use autologous or cadaveric fascia. Despite controversy surrounding vaginal mesh for prolapse, synthetic slings for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence are considered safe and minimally invasive. PMID:25225003

Wood, Lauren N; Anger, Jennifer T

2014-01-01

140

Nosocomial urinary tract infection.  

PubMed

Nosocomial urinary tract infection, a common complication in surgical patients, is primarily related to the use of indwelling urinary catheters. Discontinuation of catheter usage within 2 days, whenever possible, is the cornerstone to avoiding these infections. Patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria may be treated with catheter removal only, and do not necessarily require antibiotic therapy. Patients with symptomatic infections should receive effective antimicrobial therapy, but removal of the catheter is also fundamental to clearing the urinary tract of infection. Antibiotic therapy of urinary tract infections is facilitated by the renal concentration of many antibiotics, permitting very high antibiotic concentrations to be achieved in the urine. PMID:19281895

Ksycki, Michael F; Namias, Nicholas

2009-04-01

141

Azathioprine is More Effective than Mesalazine at Preventing Recurrent Bowel Obstruction in Patients with Ileocecal Crohn’s Disease  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with subocclusive Crohn’s disease (CD) who received azathioprine (AZA) therapy had lower re-hospitalization rates due to all causes and for surgical management of CD compared to those treated with mesalazine during a 3-year period. We investigated whether AZA also was effective for prevention of recurrent bowel obstruction. Material/Methods Rates of recurrent bowel occlusion were compared between patients treated with AZA and those treated with mesalazine. We assessed the time interval-off intestinal obstruction as well as the occlusion-free survival for both groups. Results There was a significantly lower cumulative rate of patients with recurrent subocclusion in the AZA group (56%) compared with the mesalazine group (79%; OR 3.34, 95% CI 1.67–8.6; P=0.003), with the number needed to treat in order to prevent 1 subocclusion episode of 3.7 favoring AZA. The occlusion-free time interval was longer in the AZA group compared with the mesalazine group (28.8 vs. 18.3 months; P=0.000). The occlusion-free survival at 12, 24, and 36 months was significantly higher in the AZA group (91%, 81%, and 72%, respectively) than in the mesalazine group (64.7%, 35.3%, and 23.5%, respectively; P<0.05 for all comparisons). Conclusions In an exploratory analysis of patients with subocclusive ileocecal CD, maintenance therapy with AZA is more effective than mesalazine for eliminating or postponing recurrent intestinal obstruction during 3 years of therapy. PMID:25370731

Vidigal, Fernando Mendonça; de Souza, Gláucio Silva; Chebli, Liliana Andrade; da Rocha Ribeiro, Tarsila Campanha; Furtado, Maria Cristina Vasconcellos; Castro, Antonio Carlos Santana; Pinto, André Luis Tavares; do Valle Pinheiro, Bruno; de Lima Pace, Fabio Heleno; de Oliveira, Juliano Machado; de Oliveira Zanini, Karine Andrade; Gaburri, Pedro Duarte; Zanini, Alexandre; Ribeiro, Luiz Cláudio; Chebli, Julio Maria Fonseca

2014-01-01

142

Validity and reliability of a pad test model using a simulated urine leak and healthy continent females.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of a modified pad test to assess urinary incontinence. Urine leakage was simulated using normal saline that was dosed onto super-absorbent incontinence pads, and worn by healthy continent females over two sequential 12-hour time periods. The results indicate that the two x 12-hour pad test provides a reliable assessment of urine leak in female subjects. PMID:17877099

Molloy, Seth S; Nichols, Thomas R; Sexton, William L; Murahata, Richard I

2007-08-01

143

Pediatric overactive bladder and lower urinary tract dysfunctions: diagnosis and treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most common lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction in children is overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). This has been known by numerous other names such as urge syndrome, urgency frequency syndrome, hyperactive bladder syndrome, persistent infantile bladder and detrusor hypertonia. Recently, the International Children's Continence Society has been attempting to standardize the nomenclature; OAB is the accepted terminology today. OAB is

Israel Franco

2008-01-01

144

Urinary infection stones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infection stones make up approximately 15% of urinary stone diseases and are thus an important group. These stones are composed of struvite and\\/or carbonate apatite. The basic precondition for the formation of infection stones is a urease positive urinary tract infection. Urease is necessary to split urea to ammonia and CO2. As a result, ammonia ions can form and at

K.-H. Bichler; E. Eipper; K. Naber; V. Braun; R. Zimmermann; S. Lahme

2002-01-01

145

Urinary Histology Rules Matrix  

Cancer.gov

Urinary Histo Renal Pelvis, Ureter, Bladder, and Other Urinary Histology Coding Rules Matrix C659, C669, C670-C679, C680-C689 (Excludes lymphoma and leukemia M9590-9989 and Kaposi sarcoma M9140) Rule Pathology/Cytology Specimen Histology Behavior Notes

146

Comparions of Snow Cover on Different Continents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is designed to help students gain knowledge in using the MY NASA DATA Live Access Server (LAS) to specify and download a microset of data, then to use the data to estimate percentage of snow cover for each continent. The data used in this lesson come from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP). ISCCP computes fractional snow and ice coverage by scanning the Earth using visible, infrared and microwave imagery. Using the LAS, students will create maps of the snow cover of each continent for a particular date. They will then compare the graphical image with the text file for that map. From that information they will estimate the percentage of snow cover for each continent, and determine the average global snow cover for the selected date. The lesson provides detailed procedure, related links and sample graphs, follow-up questions and extensions, and Teacher Notes. It also includes an Excel file to help with the calculations.

2010-03-14

147

Maintaining continence in people with dementia.  

PubMed

Incontinence is not an inevitable consequence of having dementia, but continence can be an issue. Nurses need to have strategies in place to provide supportive continence care for people with dementia not only in hospitals, care homes and day care services, but also for those living at home alone or with a carer. For this to happen, the patient and home environment need to be assessed. This article explores steps that can be taken to preserve the dignity of people with dementia if they become incontinent. The role of health professionals in hospitals is discussed, as well as changes that can be made in patients' own homes. PMID:23957127

Andrews, June

148

Ambient seismic noise tomography of Australian continent  

Microsoft Academic Search

article i nfo Article history: Imaging using information derived from the cross-correlation of the ambient seismic wavefield at different stations has recently become an important tool in seismology. We here present a continent wide study of the Australian crust based on the exploitation of continuous data from extensive portable broad-band deployments across Australia and the permanent stations. Permanent stations play

Erdinc Saygin; Brian L. N. Kennett

2008-01-01

149

Ambient seismic noise tomography of Australian continent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Imaging using information derived from the cross-correlation of the ambient seismic wavefield at different stations has recently become an important tool in seismology. We here present a continent wide study of the Australian crust based on the exploitation of continuous data from extensive portable broad-band deployments across Australia and the permanent stations. Permanent stations play a valuable role in linking

Erdinc Saygin; Brian L. N. Kennett

2010-01-01

150

Cumulus mergers in the maritime continent region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary We examine a family of tall (up to 20 km) cumulonimbus complexes that develop almost daily over an adjacent pair of flat islands in the Maritime Continent region north of Darwin, Australia, and that are known locally as “Hectors”. Nine cases observed by a rawinsonde network, surface observations (including radiation and soil measurements), the TRMM\\/TOGA radar, and one day

J. Simpson; Th. D. Keenan; B. Ferrier; R. H. Simpson; G. J. Holland

1993-01-01

151

African Universities Tackle the Continent's Agricultural Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pests, population growth, and depleted soil have wreaked havoc on agriculture in Africa, so universities across the continent are rethinking how they teach the topic. Some African universities have been building their own networks and pooling their limited resources to train more agricultural scientists and improve their responsiveness to the…

Lindow, Megan

2009-01-01

152

Role of anorectal sensation in preserving continence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of anal sensation in preserving continence was studied in nine healthy volunteers. Objective assessment of sphincter function by manometry and rectal saline infusion was carried out during topical anaesthesia of the anal canal using 5% lignocaine gel and during lubrication with the same amount of inert gel. Anaesthesia successfully abolished anal sensation and reduced both the amplitude and

M G Read; N W Read

1982-01-01

153

Urinary incontinence - injectable implant  

MedlinePLUS

Injectable implants are injections of material into the urethra to help control urine leakage ( urinary incontinence ) caused by a ... into the tissue next to the sphincter. The implant procedure is usually done in the hospital. Or ...

154

Urinary incontinence - retropubic suspension  

MedlinePLUS

... guideline on the surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence. J Urol . 2010;183:1906-1914. Chapple CR. Retropubic suspension surgery for incontinence in women. In: Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, Novick AC, et ...

155

Urinary Tract Infections  

MedlinePLUS

... more serious infection that reaches the kidneys. Continue Bacteria Are to Blame UTIs are usually caused by ... as soon as possible. Back Continue Battling the Bacteria Only your health care provider can treat urinary ...

156

The management of childhood urinary incontinence.  

PubMed

The International Children's Continence Society (ICCS) has undertaken an enormous effort to standardize both the terminology and management of various aspects of incontinence in children, including enuresis, bladder overactivity, dysfunctional voiding and psychological comorbidities. A number of guidelines have been published to aid those involved in the care of children with lower urinary tract symptoms. This review addresses a number of recommended diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, including urotherapy and pharmacological treatment, with emphasis on a focused medical history, information acquired from bladder diaries and uroflow evaluations. The major role of urotherapy is underlined with supportive pharmacotherapy, when indicated. The article provides both a summary of ICCS guidelines and a brief review of recently published papers related to the contemporary management of childhood incontinence, a health issue still underestimated by both the child's caregivers and healthcare providers. PMID:24615564

Maternik, Michal; Krzeminska, Katarzyna; Zurowska, Aleksandra

2015-01-01

157

Future petroleum potential of Mid-Continent  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the history of the Mid-Continent, numerous estimates have been made of the amounts of oil and natural gas discovered, produced, and yet to be discovered. As of 1981, the Mid-Continent has produced 127.8 tcf of gas and 18.2 billion bbl of oil, while retaining 32 tcf of gas and 1.5 billion bbl of oil in measured reserves. The 1981 US Geological Survey's estimate of reserves yet to be discovered in the Mid-Continent is 44.5 tcf of gas and 4.4 billion bbl of oil. Since these estimates were made, approximately 25% of those reserves have been found. Production has increased over the last several years, but has been at a rate higher than reserve replacement, owing to the drop in footage drilled and in reserves found per foot drilled. The Mid-Continent is a mature petroleum province whose future years will see an overwhelming emphasis on small field exploration and large field exploitation. In the past 5 years, extensions of old reservoirs and the discovery of new reservoirs in old fields have provided 88% of the newly discovered reserves. As the prices of oil and gas rebound from their 1986 levels, they should see a gradual increase in drilling, both in terms of total footage and in total number of wells drilled. They should also expect fewer exploratory wells and the reserve replacement ratio to remain low. Exploration of new frontiers in the Mid-Continent will be extremely slow in the foreseeable future.

Shotwell, J.D.

1987-08-01

158

[Orthotopic replacement of the urinary bladder in females].  

PubMed

Orthotopic cystoplasty for various diseases of the urinary bladder was made in 58 females aged 22 to 78 years (mean age 52.5 +/- 5.8 years) in 1996-2005. Surgery was indicated in muscular-invasive cancer of the bladder (n = 35, 60.3%), microcystis (n = 21, 36.3%), bladder atonia (n = 1, 1.7%), vesicovaginal fistula (n = 1, 1.7%). The reservoir was made of iliac segment in 50 (86,2%) patients, of gastric body - in 8 (13.8%) patients. Postoperative complications arose in 7 (12.1%) patients, late complications occurred in 4 (6.8%). Postoperative lethality was not registered, 12 months later 3 (5.2%) patients died of cancer progressiion. Day continence after ileo- and gastrocystoplasty was 93.3 and 87.8%, night - 45.2 and 32.8%, respectively. Urodynamics was satisfactory. Chronic continence occurred in 3 (5.6%) patients. Satisfactory clinical and functional results of artificial reservoir creation in females support advantages of this method of urine derivation. Gastrocystoplasty is a promising method of urinary bladder replacement. It is important to assess function of the lower urinary tract before operation. Reservoir-vaginal fistula is a new kind of urogenital fistulas. It is treated by transvaginal fistuloraphy. PMID:17315712

Komiakov, B K; Fadeev, V A; Novikov, A I; Gorelov, A I; Zuban', O N; Sergeev, A V; Korokhodkina, M V; Burlaka, O O

2006-01-01

159

Treatment of recurrent stress urinary incontinence in women: comparison of treatment results for different surgical techniques  

PubMed Central

Introduction There is still no consensus on which surgical technique is the most effective for female recurrent stress urinary incontinence after the initial surgery. Aim To compare the long-term treatment outcomes of Burch colposuspension operation, transobturator tape implantation (TOT) and tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedures performed for female recurrent stress urinary incontinence after the initial surgery. Material and methods A retrospective study was performed on 45 women operated on for recurrent stress urinary incontinence after the initial surgery. Depending on the surgical approach, the patients were divided into three groups: group I (n = 19) – Burch colposuspension operation, group II (n = 16) – TOT, and group III (n = 10) – TVT operation was performed. The treatment results were assessed using the UDI-6 (Urogenital Distress Inventory) and IIQ-7 (Incontinence Impact Questionnaire) short form questionnaires. We included one additional question: Is the patient satisfied with the treatment outcome? We classified the urinary continence results after surgery as good when patients were cured or improved, and as bad when the treatment failed. Results Good urinary continence results were observed in 84.2% of patients in group I, 93.8% of patients in group II, and 90% of patients in group III. 68.4% of patients in group I, 81.3% of patients in group II, and 90% of patients in group III were satisfied with the treatment outcomes. Conclusions Burch colposuspension operation, TOT and TVT procedures performed for the female recurrent stress urinary incontinence treatment are effective and show similar good urinary continence results and similar number of patients satisfied with the treatment outcomes. PMID:25097693

Barisiene, Marija; Jankevicius, Feliksas; Januska, Gediminas

2014-01-01

160

[Continent replacement enterocystoplasty using a low-pressure detubularized ileal pouch after radical prostatocystectomy].  

PubMed

Tubular ileal-ileo-caecal or colonic replacement enterocystoplasties induce nocturnal incontinence in more than 70% of cases, partly due to the presence of peristaltic waves responsible for pressures greater than 40 cm of water for low filling volumes. The use of debutularised intestinal grafts considerably attenuates these pressure waves, ensuring excellent diurnal continence and a dramatic reduction in nocturnal incontinence together with protection of the upper urinary tract. The detubularised ileal bladder combines the reliability of all low pressure reservoirs with a simple technique: a 30 cm ileal segment is isolated then opened 2 cm from its anti-mesenteric border. The two limbs of the loop are sutured to each other. The ureters are reimplanted at the summit of each limb according to the mucosal groove procedure and the summit of the pouch is anastomosed to the urethra. This procedure has been used in 10 patients following radical cystectomy for cancer. Seven of these patients underwent clinical, radiological and urodynamic examination 5 months after the operation: all 7 patients were continent during the day. Nocturnal continence was obtained at the cost of getting up one or twice during the night, but incontinence persisted in the other 3 patients. Cystometry did not reveal any pressure waves greater than 25 cm of water for a volume of 500 ml. The detubularised ileal bladder is simple to perform and constitutes a reasonable alternative to traditional tubular enterocystoplasties.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3369843

Boccon-Gibod, L; Leleu, C; Peyret, C; Conquy, S

1988-01-01

161

Orthotopic urinary diversion after radical cystectomy in treatment of muscle invasive bladder cancer.  

PubMed

Surgical treatment of invasive carcinoma of the bladder in males includes total cystectomy removal of the prostate, seminal vesicles, and the distal parts of the urethers and the pelvic lymph node dissection as well. At this moment it is not possible to recommend a particular type of urinary diversion, but today in clinical practice commonly used derivative are ileal orthotopic neobladder as the continent one and ileal conduit as non-continent urinary diversion. Continent urinary diversion after radical cystectomy are the result of the application of technological innovation in surgery, but also knowledge, imagination and skill of well trained urologist. This type of operation significantly improves the quality of life in patients who underwent radical cystectomy, and the proposal is to operate whenever there is a possibility for this type of procedure. Also it is very important, during surgery to respect oncological principles, of complete removal of tumorous tissue and that the functional principle of ensur- ing that the patients have daytime and also nighttime continence later on after the surgery. PMID:25782228

Jovan, Hadži-Djoki?; Vladan, Andrejevi?; Tomislav, Pej?i?; Miodrag, A?imovi?; Uroš, Babi?; Miodrag, Stani?; Zoran, Džami?

2014-01-01

162

Fine-Scale Editing of Continous Volumes using Adaptive Surfaces  

E-print Network

Fine-Scale Editing of Continous Volumes using Adaptive Surfaces Kai Ruhl, Stephan Wenger, Dennis://graphics.tu-bs.de/publications/ruhl2013vmv Contribution First to explore interactive fine-scale editing of continous volumes without

Magnor, Marcus

163

Deep Structure of the Indian Continent  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Indian sub-continent experienced remarkable tectonic and geological events. Breakup of Indian subcontinent from the Gondwana supercontinent possibly due to a large plume, about 130 Myr ago. Paleomagnetic data demonstrates that the Indian continent moved northwards from 65Myr at exceptionally high speeds (18-20cm/year) and subsequently slowed down to 4-5cm/year after its collision with Asia approx 40Myr ago. This super mobility has been explained by an unusually thin Indian lithosphere (~100 km; Kumar et al., 2007) in contradiction with the thick lithosphere that commonly underlies old cratonic nuclei. It is pertinent to note that the thermobarometric estimates on the ultramafic xenoliths from a 65Myr kimberlites of the Central India (Babu et al. 2009) suggest an approximately 175 km thick lithosphere. Also, analysis of heat flow data and P-T estimates on mantle xenoliths from the Dharwar craton reveal low mantle heat flow, 14-20 mW m-2, that indicate a thick lithosphere beneath south India (Roy and Mareschal, 2011). Upper mantle heterogeneities and depth localization of anisotropy structures beneath India are poorly known. In order to solve these issues, we have to follow a multidisciplinary approach to investigate the lithospheric and asthenospheric structure underneath the Indian cratons and the Indian plate. Seismological studies (receiver functions, SKS splitting, anisotropic and surface waves studies of the Indian continent) in conjunction with heat flow, petrological and paleomagnetic data planning to be utilized to image and interpret the 3D-tomographic velocity and anisotropic structure of the whole continent and trace its evolution through time. In this work, we present the high resolution phase velocity maps with azimuthal anisotropy of fundamental and higher mode surface waves propagating across India.

Maurya, Satish; Montagner, Jean-paul; Kumar, Ravi; Kumar, Prakash; Burgos, Gael

2014-05-01

164

Follow-up after urinary diversion.  

PubMed

With modern forms of urinary diversion being widely employed during recent years, the awareness of possible complications and appropriate follow-up strategies gains rising importance and current follow-up strategies are reviewed herewith. Follow-up investigations after urinary diversion have to address possible surgical complications, metabolic changes as well as the risk of secondary malignancies in the incorporated bowel segments. The most important and possible deleterious surgical complication is upper tract dilation and obstruction following ureteroenteric anastomotic stenosis and occurs in 2-30% depending on the surgical technique and evaluated series. The most appropriate follow-up study to detect upper tract dilation is ultrasonography while the associated obstructional component can best be estimated by functional renographic studies (MAG(3) renal scan). The significance of reflux associated with urinary diversion remains controversial although experimental studies and clinical observations suggest a risk of renal functional deterioration associated with reflux which is certainly true in ureterosigmoidostomy following pyelonephritic changes. Possible metabolic changes include hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis and problems related to malabsorption due to bowel resection and incorporation of bowel segments into the urinary tract. The incidence of hyperchloremic acidosis is related to the form of urinary diversion, being higher in continent forms than in incontinent diversions, while hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis is most frequently encountered in ureterosigmoidostomy. While acute complications of metabolic acidosis may encompass hyperventilation as well as severe changes of serum electrolytes and acid base balance leading to cardiac arrhythmias necessitating immediate hospital treatment with intravenous alkalinizing, chronic acidosis may lead to osteopenia through hypocalcemia and stimulation of osteoclastic activity. Metabolic acidosis can be best detected by regular blood gas analysis. To prevent these complications prophylactic administration of alkalinizing agents (e.g. potassium citrate) should be readily performed. Malabsorption of bile acid strongly correlates with the length of ileum resected and can induce both chologenic diarrhea and malabsorption of liposoluble vitamins (A, D, E, K). Vitamin B(12) is exclusively absorbed in the distal ileum, serum levels therefore may be reduced following resection of distal ileum. This will not occur during the first 3-5 years following diversion because B(12) deposits usually will last for this period. Later, however, serum levels of vitamin B(12) should be checked annually while others favor routine substitution of this vitamin. The incidence of cancer occurring at the ureterointestinal anastomosis seems to be highest in patients with ureterosigmoidostomy varying between 2 and 29% with polypoid benign lesions being more frequent. The most common type of tumor is adenocarcinoma which has also been reported in colonic and ileal conduits as well as augmentation cystoplasty using either colon or ileum. Since the time interval between surgery and cancer occurrence is longer than 10 years, the newer forms of continent diversion theoretically also inherit the risk of tumor formation, which, however, has yet to be established because these diversions are only in wide use since 10 years. Currently, annual endoscopic controls are recommended in those patients with diversions where feces and urine are in contact with urothelium starting 5 years after surgery. Although formal guidelines for follow-up after urinary diversion have not yet been established by the working group on oncology of the German urological association, this paper suggests a follow-up strategy addressing surgical complications, metabolic changes and the risk of secondary malignancies. PMID:10592489

Fichtner, J

1999-01-01

165

Spreading continents kick-started plate tectonics.  

PubMed

Stresses acting on cold, thick and negatively buoyant oceanic lithosphere are thought to be crucial to the initiation of subduction and the operation of plate tectonics, which characterizes the present-day geodynamics of the Earth. Because the Earth's interior was hotter in the Archaean eon, the oceanic crust may have been thicker, thereby making the oceanic lithosphere more buoyant than at present, and whether subduction and plate tectonics occurred during this time is ambiguous, both in the geological record and in geodynamic models. Here we show that because the oceanic crust was thick and buoyant, early continents may have produced intra-lithospheric gravitational stresses large enough to drive their gravitational spreading, to initiate subduction at their margins and to trigger episodes of subduction. Our model predicts the co-occurrence of deep to progressively shallower mafic volcanics and arc magmatism within continents in a self-consistent geodynamic framework, explaining the enigmatic multimodal volcanism and tectonic record of Archaean cratons. Moreover, our model predicts a petrological stratification and tectonic structure of the sub-continental lithospheric mantle, two predictions that are consistent with xenolith and seismic studies, respectively, and consistent with the existence of a mid-lithospheric seismic discontinuity. The slow gravitational collapse of early continents could have kick-started transient episodes of plate tectonics until, as the Earth's interior cooled and oceanic lithosphere became heavier, plate tectonics became self-sustaining. PMID:25230662

Rey, Patrice F; Coltice, Nicolas; Flament, Nicolas

2014-09-18

166

Spreading continents kick-started plate tectonics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stresses acting on cold, thick and negatively buoyant oceanic lithosphere are thought to be crucial to the initiation of subduction and the operation of plate tectonics, which characterizes the present-day geodynamics of the Earth. Because the Earth's interior was hotter in the Archaean eon, the oceanic crust may have been thicker, thereby making the oceanic lithosphere more buoyant than at present, and whether subduction and plate tectonics occurred during this time is ambiguous, both in the geological record and in geodynamic models. Here we show that because the oceanic crust was thick and buoyant, early continents may have produced intra-lithospheric gravitational stresses large enough to drive their gravitational spreading, to initiate subduction at their margins and to trigger episodes of subduction. Our model predicts the co-occurrence of deep to progressively shallower mafic volcanics and arc magmatism within continents in a self-consistent geodynamic framework, explaining the enigmatic multimodal volcanism and tectonic record of Archaean cratons. Moreover, our model predicts a petrological stratification and tectonic structure of the sub-continental lithospheric mantle, two predictions that are consistent with xenolith and seismic studies, respectively, and consistent with the existence of a mid-lithospheric seismic discontinuity. The slow gravitational collapse of early continents could have kick-started transient episodes of plate tectonics until, as the Earth's interior cooled and oceanic lithosphere became heavier, plate tectonics became self-sustaining.

Rey, Patrice F.; Coltice, Nicolas; Flament, Nicolas

2014-09-01

167

Achieving continence in children with neurogenic bowel and bladder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bowel and bladder continence is a major developmental accomplishment for a child and his or her family. Children with neurogenic bowel and bladder dysfunction, which occurs with myelomeningocele and other neural tube defects, have a physical inability to attain continence. However, children with these limitations can attain continence when the appropriate modifications to the traditional routines are made. Enabling the

Candace F. Zickler; Virginia Richardson

2004-01-01

168

a rpartition traditionnelle du monde en cinq continents conduit  

E-print Network

Editoria a répartition traditionnelle du monde en cinq continents conduit à opposer l'Asie, où continent à un peuplement supérieur à celui de l'Amérique pour franchir le cap du milliard d'habitants en dépassant le milliard pourrait donner l'impression d'un continent très peuplé. Or, en réalité, la densité de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

169

Basins in arc-continent collisions AMY E. DRAUT  

E-print Network

Chapter 17 Basins in arc-continent collisions AMY E. DRAUTÃ and PETER D. CLIFT Ã U.S. Geological Arc-continent collisions occur commonly in the plate-tectonic cycle and result in rapidly formed and rapidly collapsing orogens, often spanning just 5­15 My. Growth of continental masses through arc-continent

Clift, Peter

170

Dynamics of an ice continent on Titan J. Taylor Perron  

E-print Network

Dynamics of an ice continent on Titan J. Taylor Perron Department of Earth and Planetary Science feature on Titan's leading hemisphere is an elevated ``continent'' composed mainly of water ice continent based on the similarity solution of Halfar [1983] and the approach of Nye [2000]. We find

Perron, Taylor

171

Paleostress field evolution of the Australian continent since the Eocene  

E-print Network

Paleostress field evolution of the Australian continent since the Eocene S. Dyksterhuis, R. D. Mu] Although the low-order present stress field of most continents is fairly well established, information for the Australian continent have been included to model the stress field of a heterogeneous plate. We show

Müller, Dietmar

172

Why are the continents just so...? M. SANDIFORD  

E-print Network

Why are the continents just so...? M. SANDIFORD School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne-term modulation of the density configuration of the continents via stress regimes that are able to induce stress state set by the mid-ocean ridge system. Such a hypothesis requires the continents are weak enough

Sandiford, Mike

173

CCSF Lunch Summary South America: Blueprint for a Green Continent  

E-print Network

CCSF Lunch Summary South America: Blueprint for a Green Continent 17 September 2008 Attendees on hydroe- lectric power. Continent wide, about 25% of the total energy consumed comes from hydropower (see, continent wide, well under 5% of the total energy produced comes from ethanol (see figures at the end)2

Angenent, Lars T.

174

WHITINGS ON THE COASTS OF THE AMERICAN CONTINENTS  

E-print Network

WHITINGS ON THE COASTS OF THE AMERICAN CONTINENTS . By ISAAC GINSBURG FISHERY BULLETIN 96 UNITED the study of these common food fishes occurring on the coasts of the American continents, all the species AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, John L. Farley, Director WHITINGS ON THE COASTS OF THE AMERICAN CONTINENTS By ISAAC

175

Managing Continous Data Feed with Subscriber/Publisher Pattern  

E-print Network

Managing Continous Data Feed with Subscriber/Publisher Pattern Raman Kannan kannan: Behavioral, Scope:Object Publisher Purpose: Behavioral, Scope:Object Intent Allow a continous data generator] of the MVC framework to maintain continous data feed. Motivation Our application scenario is one of providing

Schmidt, Douglas C.

176

Regulating continent growth and composition by chemical weathering  

E-print Network

Regulating continent growth and composition by chemical weathering Cin-Ty Aeolus Lee* , Douglas M, and approved January 28, 2008 (received for review November 25, 2007) Continents ride high above the ocean, the parental magmas of continents were basaltic, which means they must have lost Mg relative to Si during

Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

177

PICARD GROUPS: REAL AND COMPLEX, ALGEBRAIC AND CONTINOUS  

E-print Network

PICARD GROUPS: REAL AND COMPLEX, ALGEBRAIC AND CONTINOUS ULRICH KR¨AHMER Abstract. An algebraic vector bundle on a smooth variety over R or C can also be considered as a continous bundle over the cor of A by ¯A. #12;PICARD GROUPS: REAL AND COMPLEX, ALGEBRAIC AND CONTINOUS 3 Let now M be an invertible A

Kraehmer, Ulrich

178

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... gland) can cause lower urinary tract disease in cats. Although they are much less common causes, FLUTD ... your veterinarian about the best diet for your cat. Many commercial diets are acceptable, but some urinary ...

179

Muscle derived stem cell therapy for stress urinary incontinence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim  The aim of this article is to discuss the potential of muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) for rhabdosphincter regeneration\\u000a and to review the early clinical experiences with its application in patients with stress urinary incontinence.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  In anatomical and functional studies of the human and animal urethra, the middle urethral contained rhabdosphincter is critical\\u000a for maintaining continence. Transplanted stem cells have the

Marc C. Smaldone; Michael B. Chancellor

2008-01-01

180

The Effects of Undergarment Type on the Urinary Continence of Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing trend toward later toilet training of typically developing children. This trend is a problem for caregivers and professionals who work with young children, because it is associated with a number of costs and health risks in child-care settings. Results of a recent study (Tarbox, Williams, & Friman, 2004) suggest that wearing…

Simon, Jennifer L.; Thompson, Rachel H.

2006-01-01

181

Developing an Internationally-Applicable Service Specification for Continence Care: Systematic Review, Evidence Synthesis and Expert Consensus  

PubMed Central

Background Global demographic trends suggest that the incidence of both urinary and faecal incontinence will rise in the coming years, bringing significant health and economic implications for both patients and payers. There is limited organisational evidence to guide payers and providers about service configuration which will deliver efficient guideline-compliant, high-quality patient care. Objectives To create, using evidence from a systematic review, qualitative data and expert consensus an internationally applicable service specification for continence care. Method Evidence was obtained from a systematic and grey literature review of published randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies reporting efficacy of continence service design at the level of the community dwelling patient with either bladder or bowel incontinence, governmental reports and policy frameworks supplemented by data from 47 semi-structured interviews with clinicians, patients, patient-representatives and policy experts from four geographies broadly representative of different healthcare systems. Results A number of themes related to current and potential future organisation of continence care were identified from the data. A modular service specification with eight core components was created including case detection, initial assessment and treatment, case co-ordination, caregiver support, community-based support, specialist assessment and treatment, use of containment products, and use of technology. Within this framework important key recommendations are: ensure robust referral pathways, shift assessment for case coordination to nurses specializing in continence care, promote self-management and technology, use comprehensive assessment tools and service performance targets based on outcome and operational measures. Conclusions This study has defined practice gaps in the provision of continence services and described eight core components of a service specification for incontinence that commissioners and payers of health and social care could consider using to provide high-quality continence care. A shift towards a community-delivered, nurse-led model appears to be associated with clinical and cost-effective care for people with bladder and bowel incontinence. PMID:25121511

Wagg, Adrian S.; Newman, Diane K.; Leichsenring, Kai; van Houten, Paul

2014-01-01

182

Antegrade continence enema (ACE): current practice.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess current status of antegrade continence enema (ACE) procedure taking into account the recent improvement in the technique and outcome. Reviewing our record of 48 patients with ACE procedure performed between January 2002 and May 2007, we found that the underlying diagnoses were idiopathic constipation in 56%, anorectal malformation in 31%, spina bifida in 8% and Hirschsprung's disease in 4%. Mean age of operation was 10.7 years. Appendix was used as stoma in 73% of cases. Stomal stenosis requiring revision was seen in 6% of cases and continence was achieved in 92% of cases. A systematic search of database was performed for the same period. Twenty-four studies describing 676 patients were found. The mean age was 10 years and various sites used for ACE were, right side of abdomen in 71%, umbilicus in 15% and left side of abdomen in 14%. The incidence of open and laparoscopic procedures were 87 and 13%, respectively. Appendix was used for stoma in 76% procedures. Other operative modalities were retubularised colon, retubularised ileum, caecal button and caecostomy tube, etc. The mean volume of enema fluid used was 516 ml. The mean evacuation time was 42 min. Stomal stenosis requiring revision was seen in 13% of cases. Continence was achieved in 93% of cases. There has been significant improvement in the outcome during last 5 years in comparison to the outcome published in late 1990s. Advancements in techniques, better-trained stoma care nurses and better stoma appliances could have played major role in this success. PMID:18408942

Sinha, Chandrasen Kumar; Grewal, Alka; Ward, Harry C

2008-06-01

183

Metabolic Changes after Urinary Diversion  

PubMed Central

Urinary diversion is performed on a regular basis in urological practice. Surgeons tend to underestimate the metabolic effects of any type of diversion. From the patient's perspective, diarrhea is the most bothersome complaint after urinary diversion. This might be accompanied by malabsorption syndromes, such as vitamin B12 deficiency. Electrolyte abnormalities can occur frequently such as hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, or less frequently such as hypokalemia, hypocalcaemia, and hypomagnesaemia. Bone health is at risk in patients with urinary diversion. Some patients might benefit from vitamin D and calcium supplementation. Many patients are also subject to urinary calculus formation, both at the level of the upper urinary tract as in intestinal reservoirs. Urinary diversion can affect hepatic metabolism, certainly in the presence of urea-splitting bacteria. The kidney function has to be monitored prior to and lifelong after urinary diversion. Screening for reversible causes of renal deterioration is an integral part of the followup. PMID:21687576

Van der Aa, Frank; Joniau, Steven; Van Den Branden, Marcel; Van Poppel, Hein

2011-01-01

184

Continents, Super-Continents, Mantle Thermal Mixing, and Mantle Thermal Isolation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Super-continental insulation refers to an increase in the temperature of the mantle below a super-continent due to the heat transfer inefficiency of thick, stagnant continental lithosphere relative to thinner, subducting oceanic lithosphere. Recent studies have reached different conclusions as to the physical viability of this hypothesized effect with some groups arguing for a large heat up (100 degrees) and others

A. Lenardic; M. Jellinek; C. O'Neill; C. M. Cooper; L. Moresi; C. Lee

2010-01-01

185

Are adults content or continent after repair for high anal atresia? A long-term follow-up study in patients 18 years of age and older.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the current state of fecal and urinary continence in an extensive group of adults after operative correction for high anorectal malformations and how they cope with their incontinence. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Normal fecal continence is hardly to be expected after correction for high anorectal malformation; despite this, it is commonly accepted that for most patients fecal continence improves with growing age and that most adult patients have no problems. Until now, however, few long-term follow-up studies in small groups of adults have been performed to assess continence after operative repair for high anorectal malformation. METHODS: Fifty-eight adult patients (median age, 26.0 years; range, 18.1 to 56.9 years) with an operatively corrected high anorectal malformation were evaluated by questionnaire with respect to their current state of fecal and urinary continence and mode of control of defecation. RESULTS: Seven patients have a permanent ileostoma or colostoma. Of the 51 patients with anal defecation, 61% control defecation by themselves, whereas 35% control defecation by using enemas or bowel irrigations, and 4% do not have any control at all. Besides medical therapy, 65% take dietary measures to influence defecation. According to existing scoring methods, 41% reached good and 49% fair control of defecation, whereas only 10% had poor control. Current control of defecation was reached from a median age of 15.0 years (range, 5 to 31 years). CONCLUSION: Conclusively, the authors can say that after correction for high anorectal malformation nobody reached normal fecal continence. Most patients with anal defecation reached good and fair control of defecation, however. Of all 58 patients, 84% are satisfied with their level of cleanliness. PMID:8343000

Hassink, E A; Rieu, P N; Severijnen, R S; vd Staak, F H; Festen, C

1993-01-01

186

Urinary Tract Infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To estimate the annual incidence, cumulative probability of presumed urinary tract infection (UTI) by age, and the social costs.METHODS: Analysis of a random digit dialing survey of 2000 women in the United States.RESULTS: 10.8 percent (95% CI: 9.4, 12.1%) of women aged 18 and older reported at least one presumed UTI during the past 12 months, with the majority

Betsy Foxman; Robin Barlow; Hannah D'Arcy; Brenda Gillespie; Jack D Sobel

2000-01-01

187

Urinary tract infections.  

PubMed

Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) account for approximately 40% of all health care-associated infections. Despite studies showing benefit of interventions for prevention of CAUTI, adoption of these practices has not occurred in many healthcare facilities in the United States. As urinary catheters account for the majority of healthcare-associated UTIs, the most important interventions are directed at avoiding placement of urinary catheters and promoting early removal when appropriate. Alternatives to indwelling catheters such as intermittent catheterization and condom catheters should be considered. If indwelling catheterization is appropriate, proper aseptic practices for catheter insertion and maintenance and use of a closed catheter collection system are essential for preventing CAUTI. The use of antimicrobial catheters also may be considered when the rates of CAUTI remain persistently high despite adherence to other evidence-based practices, or in patients deemed to be at high risk for CAUTI or its complications. Attention toward prevention of CAUTI will likely increase as Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services and other third-party payers no longer reimburse for hospital-acquired UTI. PMID:21315996

Chenoweth, Carol E; Saint, Sanjay

2011-03-01

188

21 CFR 876.5320 - Nonimplanted electrical continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5320 Nonimplanted electrical continence device. (a)...

2010-04-01

189

21 CFR 876.5320 - Nonimplanted electrical continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5320 Nonimplanted electrical continence device. (a)...

2011-04-01

190

21 CFR 876.5030 - Continent ileostomy catheter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5030 Continent ileostomy catheter. (a) Identification. A...

2010-04-01

191

21 CFR 876.5310 - Nonimplanted, peripheral electrical continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5310 Nonimplanted, peripheral electrical continence device. (a)...

2014-04-01

192

21 CFR 876.5310 - Nonimplanted, peripheral electrical continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5310 Nonimplanted, peripheral electrical continence device. (a)...

2013-04-01

193

21 CFR 876.5310 - Nonimplanted, peripheral electrical continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5310 Nonimplanted, peripheral electrical continence device. (a)...

2012-04-01

194

21 CFR 876.5030 - Continent ileostomy catheter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5030 Continent ileostomy catheter. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

195

21 CFR 876.5320 - Nonimplanted electrical continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5320 Nonimplanted electrical continence device. (a)...

2013-04-01

196

21 CFR 876.5320 - Nonimplanted electrical continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5320 Nonimplanted electrical continence device. (a)...

2012-04-01

197

21 CFR 876.5310 - Nonimplanted, peripheral electrical continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5310 Nonimplanted, peripheral electrical continence device. (a)...

2010-04-01

198

21 CFR 876.5030 - Continent ileostomy catheter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5030 Continent ileostomy catheter. (a) Identification. A...

2012-04-01

199

21 CFR 876.5310 - Nonimplanted, peripheral electrical continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5310 Nonimplanted, peripheral electrical continence device. (a)...

2011-04-01

200

21 CFR 876.5030 - Continent ileostomy catheter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5030 Continent ileostomy catheter. (a) Identification. A...

2011-04-01

201

21 CFR 876.5030 - Continent ileostomy catheter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5030 Continent ileostomy catheter. (a) Identification. A...

2014-04-01

202

21 CFR 876.5320 - Nonimplanted electrical continence device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5320 Nonimplanted electrical continence device. (a)...

2014-04-01

203

[Trans-appendicular continent cystostomy in the management of the neurogenic bladder].  

PubMed

The comfort obtained in some cases of neurogenic bladder of the girl, thanks to unsterile self catheterization, and usual absence of septic complications, incite to search for a process which could be used for the boys as well as girls in those cases where urethral catheterization cannot be done. What's more, if the catheterization is easy to achieve even by young children and if the process brings complete dryness, almost perfect conditions of comfort would be achieved. A cystostomy with a continent opening easy to catheterize and associated with a closure of the vesical neck, was the objective. We had the idea to use the appendix in order to create a passage between the skin and the bladder, the tip of the appendix opening into the bladder at the end of an anti-reflux submucosal tunnel and the other end hemmed to the skin. The bladder neck is usually closed in the course of the same operation. From October 1976 to January 1979, 16 children have gone through such a vesicostomy. In two more cases a trans-ureteral cystostomy was created. Five cases were a failure owing to a too small bladder and required a cutaneous diversion. The continence of the vesicostomy is total and the comfort obtained is excellent for the other 13 cases. Some complications result directly from this technique. It concerns more particularly cutaneous fistula (1 case) or with urethral repermeation (2 cases). Other problems, common to all conservative treatments of a neurogenic bladder, are discussed:vesico-renal reflux, dilatation of the upper urinary tract, urinary infections and of course, risk for the renal function. They appear to be related with a small and hypertonic bladder. Obviously these problems must be kept in mind and require a strict selection for the vesicostomy and a strict followup. PMID:7408090

Mitrofanoff, P

1980-01-01

204

A "Stratospheric Drain" over the Maritime Continent  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Evidence is presented from operational rawinsonde data surrounding the maritime continent that the net mass flux near the tropopause is downward over this region, contrary to the behavior of current numerical models. The air is descending year-round, despite mean upward motion below and above the descending layer. This sinking implies the existence of a significant energy-removing process, which is argued to be the injection of cold air by overshooting convective clouds. The mass, energy, and horizontal momentum budgets are examined in reaching these conclusions. The implied cooling effect of convective overshoots can be simulated with a simple, parcel-sorting convective mixing model. The findings contradict the common view that the mean flow enters the stratosphere in this strongly-convecting region, and have important implications for transport of water vapor and other gases into the stratosphere.

Sherwood, Steve

1999-01-01

205

[Urinary calculi and infection].  

PubMed

Infection urinary stones resulting from urease-producing bacteria are composed by struvite and/or carbonate apatite. Bacterial urease splits urea and promotes the formation of ammonia and carbon dioxide leading to urine alkalinization and formation of phosphate salts. Proteus species are urease-producers, whereas a limited number of strains of other Gram negative and positive species may produce urease. Ureaplasma urealyticum and Corynebacterium urealyticum are urease-producers that are not isolated by conventional urine cultures, but require specific tests for identification. Primary treatment requires surgical removal of stones as complete as possible. Extracorporeal and endoscopic treatments are usually preferred, while open surgery is actually limited to few selected cases. Residual stones or fragments should be treated by chemolysis via ureteral catheter or nephrostomy or administration of citrate salts in order to achieve a stone-free renal unit. Postoperatively, recurrent urinary tract infection should be treated with appropriate antibiotic treatment although long-term antibiotic prophylaxis can cause resistance. Urinary acidification has been proposed for the prophylaxis of infection stones, but long-term acidification is difficult to achieve in urine infected by urease-producing bacteria. Urease inhibitors lead to prevention and/or dissolution of stones and encrustations in patients with infection by urea-splitting bacteria, but their use is limited by their toxicity. The administration of citrate salts involves an increase of the value of nucleation pH (pHn), that is the pH value at which calcium and magnesium phosphate crystallization occurs, in a greater way than the corresponding increase in the urinary pH due to its alkalinizing effect and resulting in a reduction of the risk of struvite crystallization. In conclusion prevention of the recurrence of infection stones can be achieved by an integrated approach tailored on the single patient. Complete clearance of the stone must be achieved by primary surgical procedure and residual fragments should be extensively treated. In the case of persistent infection, conservative measures, such as acidification and urease inhibitors or citrate administration, should be adopted to minimize its effect on urinary saturation with respect to struvite. PMID:24874306

Trinchieri, Alberto

2014-01-01

206

The management of adolescents with neurogenic urinary tract and bowel dysfunction.  

PubMed

Most children with neurogenic bladder dysfunction arrive into adolescence with reasonably managed lower urinary tract function only to experience bladder and kidney function deterioration after puberty. The aim of this article is to identify issues that contribute to adverse changes in bladder and renal function during adolescence and to highlight strategies to preserve urinary tract integrity, social continence, patient autonomy, and independence. Surveillance of bladder function requires patient attendance at review appointments and compliance with treatment plans. While encouraging independence and treatment compliance the clinician also needs to consider altered mental concentrating ability and fine motor skills of these patients. A keen eye for imminent loss of patient compliance to treatment protocol should be the mainstay of each encounter during puberty and adolescence. Annual surveillance of adolescent neurogenic bladder patients facilitates early identification of risk factors for urinary tract deterioration. Investigations include renal and bladder ultrasonography, urodynamic study when indicated, substantiated by videocystometry when anatomical status dictates. Serum creatinine should be measured and renal scintigraphy performed when upper urinary tract dilation, renal scarring, or atrophy are suspected. Optimal management of adolescents with neurologic disease of the urinary tract included strategies to reduce elevated detrusor pressure, maintain bladder compliance, and maximize dryness. Antimuscarinic medications, botulinum toxin A, and surgical procedures are enhanced by bowel management regimens and regular nurse or urotherapist patient contact. Caring for the patient as a whole requires discussion of sexuality, fertility status, and behaviors that increase the risk of progressive urinary tract damage. PMID:22460386

de Kort, L M O; Bower, W F; Swithinbank, L V; Marschall-Kehrel, D; de Jong, T P V M; Bauer, S B

2012-09-01

207

Midurethral Slings for Women with Stress Urinary Incontinence  

PubMed Central

Executive Summary Objective The objective of the current review was to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of midurethral slings compared with traditional surgery. Background This assessment was undertaken in order to update and expand upon the health technology & policy assessment of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT, Gynecare Worldwide, a division of Ethicon Inc, a Johnson & Johnson company, Somerville, New Jersey) sling procedure for stress urinary incontinence published by the Medical Advisory Secretariat in February 2004. Since the publication of the 2004 assessment, a number of TVT-like sling alternatives have become available which employ the same basic principles as TVT slings: minimally invasive, midurethral placement, self-fixing, and tension-free. This update will evaluate the efficacy and safety of midurethral slings. Clinical Need Normal continence is controlled by the nervous system and involves co-ordination between bladder, urethra, urethral sphincter, and pelvic floor. Incontinence occurs when the relationship among the above components is compromised, either due to physical damage or nerve dysfunction. (1) Stress urinary incontinence is the most common form of urinary incontinence in women. It is characterized by the “complaint of involuntary leakage on effort or exertion, or on sneezing or coughing” when there is increased abdominal pressure without detrusor (bladder wall) contraction. (2) There are 2 factors which define stress urinary incontinence: a weakening in the support of the proximal urethra, causing urethral hyper-mobility and deficiency in the sphincter, causing urethral leakage. Both factors are thought to coexist. (1) Accurate tests are not available to distinguish these 2 types of stress urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence is estimated to affect about 250,000 Canadian women and 8 million American women aged 65 and over. (3;4) The prevalence of stress urinary incontinence is very difficult to measure because women with stress urinary incontinence may not tell their health practitioner about their symptoms due to embarrassment associated with stress urinary incontinence. A cross-sectional postal survey of 15,904 adults aged 40 and over who were registered with a local GP in Leicestershire, United Kingdom, revealed that 18% to 34% of respondents had symptoms of SUI. (5) Just over 9% reported symptoms “sometimes,” while almost 3% reported symptoms “most of the time.” Stress urinary incontinence was most common for women in their 50s. A more recent study suggests that 24% of women aged 18 to 44 years and 37% of women aged 45 and over have symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. (6) Stress urinary incontinence has been associated with a broad range of psychosocial stress and disablement, such as difficulties with activities of daily living, avoidance of social activities, fear of unpleasant odour, and embarrassment. (7) Economic burden may include the cost of pads, drugs, and devices, and the inability to participate in the work force in severe cases. Midurethral Slings Suburethral slings differ according to several criteria including placement, approach, method of fixation, and sling material. This review will evaluate slings which fulfill all of the following criteria: Midurethral placement (as opposed to bladder neck placement) Self-fixing (no sutures, bone anchors, etc.) Minimally invasive (using local, epidural, or general anesthesia) “Tension-free” placement The different types of midurethral slings available vary according to 3 main parameters: Implant material, i.e., monofilament, multifilament, elastic, non-elastic, smooth, serrated, etc., Delivery instruments, i.e., needles, curved trocars, disposable, reusable, etc., Surgical approach As any one, or any combination of these parameters may vary across the different sling brands, it is difficult to ascribe observed differences in efficacy and safety across slings to any one factor. Review Strategy The literature published between January 2000 and February 20

2006-01-01

208

Collecting patients' views and perceptions of continence services: the development of research instruments.  

PubMed

This paper describes one part of a feasibility study carried out in England which examined the costs, quality and effectiveness of continence services in areas with different approaches to provision. It involved the design of instruments to collect the views and perceptions of patients and an investigation of ways to develop a methodology to implement comparative studies. It is the design and piloting of the questionnaires and the way patients responded that forms the focus of this paper. The main sample group recruited for the study were women who had recently sought formal help with urinary incontinence and were likely to receive conservative treatment or management in the community. They were interviewed and asked to complete four questionnaires at two points in time. A smaller sub-group of disabled women, interviewed only once, were included to compare cost profiles for different client groups. The questionnaires which were developed address the impact of urinary incontinence (using a standard scale), the effectiveness of service provision in terms of patients' clinical history, expectations and hoped-for outcomes, service receipt and its cost, and patients' satisfaction with several aspects of service provision. In total 118 women were interviewed, including 28 disabled women. The study generated a set of survey instruments which might be used for a variety of purposes including audit and future research and which could inform purchaser and provider decisions by using patients' perspectives of quality of life outcomes to enhance service development. PMID:9725733

Clayton, J; Smith, K; Qureshi, H; Ferguson, B

1998-08-01

209

What affects continence after anterior resection of the rectum?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Functional results after anterior rectal resections are commonly considered satisfactory but variable percentages of postoperative incontinence are often reported. Continence was evaluated after 20 low anterior resections (LAR) and 13 high anterior resections (HAR) by means of clinical assessment, anorectal manometry, and evacuation proctography. Whereas all HAR patients had perfect continence, 10 patients (50 percent of the LAR group had

Giacomo Batignani; Iacopo Monaci; Ferdinando Ficari; Francesco Tonelli

1991-01-01

210

OxyContin: Prescription Drug Abuse. CSAT Advisory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, the media have issued numerous reports about the apparent increase in OxyContin abuse and addiction. OxyContin has been heralded as a miracle drug that allows patients with chronic pain to resume a normal life. It has also been called pharmaceutical heroin and is thought to have been responsible for a number of deaths and robberies in…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.

211

[Urinary infection and pyelonephritis].  

PubMed

Actual concepts on urinary tract infection (UTI) and pyelonephritis have changed constantly through the years. A brief historical review has been considered in this paper, with the hope that nowadays concepts may help the clinician towards a better diagnostic and management approach of these still so common clinical disorders. Bacteriological studies were performed in 245 urine samples obtained by three different procedures, in order to evaluate the reability of each technique, which were: different procedures, in order to evaluate the reability of each technique, which were: a) suprapubic puncture; b) single culture obtained by midstream voiding technique, and c) serial cultures in three different samples, also obtained by the latter technique. E. coli was isolated in 91% of the initial diagnosed episode of UTI, and in 87% of the recurrences. Same bacteria, as well as other organisms and mixed flora were isolated from patients with predisposing factors present within the urinary tract (intra UT predisposing factor). Results show that suprapubic tap is the most reliable technique, since bacterial contamination of the sample is avoided. Fifty percent incidence of false positive results was found when a single culture by midstream voiding technique was used. A better correlation between suprapubic puncture and serial cultures obtained by midstream voiding technique was found. Both procedures are recommended. Predisposing factors, mainly within the urinary tract, were found in 68% of the cases with demonstrated UTI. Vesicoureteral reflux was found in 27% from the total number of patients studied, and in 52% of the patients with intra-UT predisposing factors. Suggestions are made in relationship with diagnostic approach and management of patients with UTI, in order to reveal the presence of predisposing factors, since they are the main feature to take into account regarding UTI, location of the site of infection, recurrences, chronic evolution, treatment and prognosis. PMID:465182

de la Cruz París, J

1979-01-01

212

Prosthetic urinary sphincter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A pump/valve unit for controlling the inflation and deflation of a urethral collar in a prosthetic urinary sphincter device is described. A compressible bulb pump defining a reservoir was integrated with a valve unit for implantation. The valve unit includes a movable valve member operable by depression of a flexible portion of the valve unit housing for controlling fluid flow between the reservoir and collar; and a pressure sensing means which operates the valve member to relieve an excess pressure in the collar should too much pressure be applied by the patient.

Helms, C. R.; Smyly, H. M. (inventors)

1981-01-01

213

Urogynecologic conditions: urinary incontinence.  

PubMed

Urinary incontinence (UI), the leakage of urine, is a condition that frequently goes untreated. There are many different types of UI, including stress and urge UI, and the etiology is multifactorial. Diagnosis can be made with a pertinent history, including use of a questionnaire; a pelvic examination; and direct observation. Additional testing can include physical maneuvers to elicit stress leakage and urodynamic studies. Treatment ranges from pelvic floor exercise to surgical support of the pelvic floor for stress UI and, typically, behavioral therapy and/or pharmacotherapy, starting with antimuscarinic drugs, for urge UI. PMID:25756372

Kelley, Robert; Garely, Alan D

2015-03-01

214

[Tension-free vaginal tape operation: the new alternative method of treatment of genuine stress urinary incontinence].  

PubMed

Twenty patients, aged 54.4 +/- 12.6 years, suffering from genuine stress urinary incontinence underwent intravaginal slingplasty. The mechanical support for the urethra provided prolen mesh tape. The aim of the study was the assessment of clinical efficacy of newly introduced method of the treatment of genuine stress urinary incontinence. The diagnosis of urinary incontinence was based on patients' history, Gaudenz questionnaire and the results of urodynamic investigation. The mean time of surgical procedure was 20 minutes. The follow-up which was done after 1.5 to 7 months from the operation revealed that all patients remained continent. Among complications related to the procedure were 2 cases of cystotomy, 1 case of retropubic haematoma and 2 cases of urinary retention. None complication required invasive treatment and influenced the end results of the therapy. PMID:11082982

Rechberger, T; Skorupski, P; Kotarski, J; Michalak, J; Urban, M; Jakowicki, J

2000-09-01

215

Improvement of Continence Rate with Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Post-Prostatectomy: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.  

PubMed

Objective: The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the evidence of the effect of pelvic floor muscle training on urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. Methods: A bibliographic search was conducted in four databases. Studies were grouped according to the intervention program (muscle training versus control and individual home-based versus physiotherapist-guided muscle training). Results: Eight studies were selected for meta-analysis after satisfying the selection criteria. The data show that pelvic floor muscle training improves continence rate in the short (RR = 2.16; p < 0.001), medium (RR = 1.45; p = 0.001) and long term (RR = 1.23; p = 0.019) after surgery. The number of randomized controlled trials and the heterogeneity in the study population and type of pelvic floor muscle training were the main limitations. Conclusion: Programs including at least three sets of 10 repetitions of muscle training daily appear to improve continence rate after radical prostatectomy. Our meta-analysis shows that muscle training programs for urinary incontinence provide similar results to those of physiotherapist-guided programs, therefore being more cost- effective. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID:25427689

Arroyo Fernández, Rubén; García-Hermoso, Antonio; Solera-Martínez, Montserrat; Martín Correa, Ma Teresa; Ferri Morales, Asunción; Martínez-Vizcaíno, Vicente

2014-11-22

216

Icy Continent Mapped from Space with RADARSAT  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Last week, scientists released images from the first high-resolution radar map of Antarctica. Taken over a period of eighteen days in 1997 by a NASA-launched Canadian satellite called RADARSAT, the images have revealed a number of amazing features never seen before. The most important of these is a complex network of ice streams, huge rivers of ice that move ice and snow from the continent's interior to the sea, some moving up to 3,000 feet and one system that sends up to 19 cubic miles of ice to the sea each year. Another hidden feature imaged by RADARSAT was Lake Vostok, a massive fresh water lake laying two miles beneath the surface of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. This site, hosted by NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio, offers a fascinating and often beautiful virtual tour of Antarctica, divided into fifteen stops, featuring images of varying resolution and QuickTime movies. Users can also read the official press release and learn more about the RADARSAT mission with provided links. For further resources on RADARSAT and Antarctica, see the October 27, 1999 Scout Report for Science and Engineering.

217

Urinary infections in children.  

PubMed

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common infection in infants and children. During infancy, boys are more commonly affected than girls and thereafter, female preponderance is found. Presentation varies among different age groups. Clinical features in neonates and young infants are non-specific, manifest as septicemia where a high index of suspicion is needed. Older children typically present as simple or complicated UTI. Rapid diagnosis, institution of early treatment and further evaluation by imaging modalities are of utmost importance. The prevention of recurrent UTI and detection of congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract are major objectives in the management. Use of ultrasound is required to detect underlying congenital abnormalities, whereas voiding cystourethrogram and dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan are useful in the diagnosis of obstructive uropathy and vesicoureteric reflux and renal scar, respectively. The children requiring surgical interventions are to be recognised early to prevent recurrent UTI. The treatment of vesicoureteric reflux by chemoprophylaxis in lower grades and surgical treatment in higher grades are important consideration in prevention of recurrent UTI. This is required to prevent renal parenchymal damage and scarring that can cause hypertension and progressive renal insufficiency in later life. PMID:23881478

Mishra, Om Prakash; Abhinay, Abhishek; Prasad, Rajniti

2013-10-01

218

Nutritional and gastrointestinal complications of the use of bowel segments in the lower urinary tract.  

PubMed

Almost all segments of the gastrointestinal tract have been used as urinary tract substitutes. The specific nutritional and gastrointestinal complications depend on the particular portion of bowel that is removed from the alimentary tract. The use of stomach theoretically may predispose the patient to hypergastrinemia and peptic ulcer disease, hypocalcemia, and iron deficiency or megaloblastic anemia. Resection of a large amount of jejunum causes malabsorption. Limited use of colon segments usually is well tolerated, but loss of large parts of the colon directly decreases available absorptive area, resulting in diarrhea. Resection of the ileum and ileocecal valve can lead to several disease states. One is mixed secretory-osmotic diarrhea. Decreased ileal reabsorption of bile salts results in fat malabsorption and steatorrhea. The presentation of increased amounts of bile salts and fatty acids to the colon decreases water absorption and stimulates active chloride and water secretion, producing a cholera-like high-volume secretory diarrhea. The loss of the ileocecal valve and ileum segment accelerates intestinal transit time, which does not allow for complete digestion and absorption of food. Water and electrolytes remain associated with undigested food particles and may overwhelm the absorptive capacity of the colon, resulting in an osmotic diarrhea. A second problem is vitamin B12 deficiency. Surgical reduction of sites in the terminal ileum for active and exclusive uptake of vitamin B12 might lead to hypovitaminosis. If this is unrecognized, patients may develop irreversible neurologic injury. A third problem is cholelithiasis. Derangements in bile salt metabolism can occur when as little as 10 cm of ileum is resected, and the propensity to form gallstones is increased. Pigment gallstones appear to be the predominant stone associated with ileal resections. The fourth possible problem is urolithiasis, the etiology of which is multifactorial in patients with ileal resections. With decreased availability of bile salts, fat malabsorption occurs. Fatty acids bind with calcium and magnesium to form soaps, resulting in increased levels of free oxalate available for absorption. Moreover, fatty acids directly increase colonic permeability to oxalate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:1949406

Steiner, M S; Morton, R A

1991-11-01

219

[Drug-induced urinary lithiasis].  

PubMed

All urinary calculi should be thoroughly examined. Among 2 000 calculi analyzed by infra-red spectrophotometry, some were found to contain rare constituants and drugs which might be held responsible for urinary stone formation. These included glafenine, triamterene, co-trimoxazole, sulphaguanidine, allopurinol, phenazopyridine, flumequine and anti-acid powders containing aluminium, calcium and magnesium trisilicates and/or carbonates or bicarbonates. Considering that these drugs are widely used, the incidence of drug-induced urinary calculi appears to be very low. PMID:6138768

Reveillaud, R J; Daudon, M

1983-10-29

220

Urinary proteins in children with urinary tract infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to test our hypothesis that the urinary excretion of C-reactive protein (CRP), alpha 1-microglobulin\\u000a (A1M), retinol-binding protein (RBP) and Clara cell protein (CC16) is increased in children with urinary tract infection (UTI)\\u000a and relates to renal damage as measured by acute dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy. Fifty-two children <2 years\\u000a of age with UTI were enrolled

Lena Andersson; Iulian Preda; Mirjana Hahn-Zoric; Lars Å. Hanson; Ulf Jodal; Rune Sixt; Lars Barregard; Sverker Hansson

2009-01-01

221

Proceedings of the 1992 SPE mid-continent gas symposium  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains the proceedings of the mid continent gas symposium. Topics covered included: enhanced recovery; including nitrogen and carbon dioxide injection; well completion; well logging; vehicles run on natural gas.

Not Available

1992-01-01

222

Preferential rifting of continents - A source of displaced terranes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Lithospheric rifting, while prevalent in the continents, rarely occurs in oceanic regions. To explain this preferential rifting of continents, the total strength of different lithospheres is compared by integrating the limits of lithospheric stress with depth. Comparisons of total strength indicate that continental lithosphere is weaker than oceanic lithosphere by about a factor of three. Also, a thickened crust can halve the total strength of normal continental lithosphere. Because the weakest area acts as a stress guide, any rifting close to an ocean-continent boundary would prefer a continental pathway. This results in the formation of small continental fragments or microplates that, once accreted back to a continent during subduction, are seen as displaced terranes. In addition, the large crustal thicknesses associated with suture zones would make such areas likely locations for future rifting episodes. This results in the tendency of new oceans to open along the suture where a former ocean had closed.

Vink, G. E.; Morgan, W. J.; Zhao, W.-L.

1984-01-01

223

Multimetric Macroinvertebrate Indices for Mid-continent US Great Rivers  

EPA Science Inventory

We developed a set of great river macroinvertebrate indices of condition (GRMICs) for the mid-continent great rivers. We used a multiscale (site, reach, landscape) multimetric abiotic stressor gradient to select macroinvertebrate assemblage metrics sensitive to human disturbance ...

224

Equatorial Electrojet Observations in the African Continent  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although Satellite observations in the African sector show unique equatorial ionospheric structures that can severely impact navigation and communication systems, the study of ionospheric disturbances in this region is difficult due to the lack of ground-based instruments. This has created a gap in global understanding of the physics behind the evolution and formation of plasma irregularities in the equatorial region, which imposes limitations on ionospheric density modeling efforts. Therefore, in order to have a more complete global understanding of equatorial ionosphere motion, the international space science community has begun to develop an observational infrastructure in the African sector. This includes the deployment of a number of arrays of small instruments, including the AMBER magnetometer array, through the International Heliophysical Year (IHY) cooperative program with the United Nations Basic Space Science (UNBSS) program. Two AMBER magnetometers have been deployed successfully at Adigrat (~6°N magnetic) in Ethiopia and at Medea in Algeria (28°N magnetic), and became fully operational on 03 August 2008. The remaining two AMBER magnetometers will be deployed soon in Cameroon and Namibia. One of the prime scientific objectives of AMBER is to understand the processes governing electrodynamics of the equatorial ionosphere as a function of latitude, local time, magnetic activity, and season in the African region. The most credible driving mechanism of ionospheric plasma (E × B drift) can be estimated using two magnetometers, one right at the equator and the other about 6 off the equator. Therefore, using the AMBER magnetometer at Adigrat and the INTERMAGNET magnetometer located at Addis Ababa (0.9°N magnetic) in Ethiopia, the equatorial electrojet (E × B drift) activities in that longitudinal sector of the African continent is estimated. The paper also presents the comparison between the estimated vertical drift and the drift values obtained from the vector electric field instrument observation onboard the C/NOFS satellite. The evolution of equatorial ionospheric irregularities will also be presented using data from the growing number of ground- and space-based (on Low-Earth-Orbit (LEO) satellites) GPS receivers in the African region.

Yizengaw, E.; Moldwin, M. B.; Mebrahtu, A.; Damtie, B.; Pfaff, R.; Zesta, E.

2008-12-01

225

Overcoming the Stigma of Complications of Continent Cutaneous Diversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The introduction of continent cutaneous diversions have increased the acceptability and decreased the stigmata associated\\u000a with bladder cancer therapy. The understanding of the complications associated with continent cutaneous diversions is of vital\\u000a importance for individuals caring for bladder cancer patients. The utilization of such techniques requires significant understanding\\u000a of the immediate and long-term complications to allow for appropriate patient selection

Niels-Erik B. Jacobsen

226

Tapered terminal ileum conduit for antegrade continence enemas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Antegrade continence enemas can be used to control fecal incontinence caused by neurogenic bowel. Creating a conduit can become\\u000a a problem when the appendix is unsuitable for use. This paper describes a procedure using a tapered terminal ileum conduit\\u000a for use with antegrade continence enemas in place of the appendix. This procedure has been attempted and successfully completed\\u000a on two

Gregory A. Surfield; David A. Andrews

2005-01-01

227

Imiminofluorescent Studies of Urinary Casts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Immunofluorescent staining of urinary casts of patients with chronic glomerulonephritis or with acute renal failure was performed. Urinary and cast Tamm-Horsfall muco-proteins were purified by a modified McQueen’s method. Rabbits were immunized by both of these materials to obtain antisera. The antigenic specificity of the prepared material was examined by the Ouchterlony gel diffusion method and immunoelectrophoresis. Indirect and direct

Yoshimasa Orita; Nobuko Imai; Naohiko Ueda; Keiko Aoki; Keiko Sugimoto; Akio Ando; Yoshihiro Fujiwara; Sho Hirano; Hiroshi Abe

1977-01-01

228

Urinary Stones of Unusual Etiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vast majority of urinary stones are composed of calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, struvite, uric acid, or cystine. Enumerable\\u000a studies analyzing over 45,000 total calculi have shown urinary stones to be composed of“other” constituents only 0.5-3.5%\\u000a of the time. Although uncommon, these stones can be challenging to both diagnose and to treat. In many cases, accurate diagnosis\\u000a is necessary for

Patrick S. Lowry; Stephen Y. Nakada

229

Making and Breaking of a Continent: Following the Scent of Geodynamic Imprints on the African Continent Using Electromagnetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The African continent inherits a long history of continental accretion and breakup. The stage of "making" a continent goes back to the Archean, when the first continental masses formed cratons which mostly remained stable ever since. Subsequent collision of weaker continental masses was followed by several extension and compression episodes that resulted in the formation of super-continents. After the assemblage of Gondwana, a period of predominantly "breaking" , i.e., the breakup of super-continents, took over. The modern-day African continent exhibits different types of margins; continental rifting occurs side by side with recent collision. Since the late 1960s, magnetotelluric (MT) experiments have played an important role in studies of the electrical conductivity structure of Africa. The early results significantly shaped the MT community's understanding of continental-scale conductivity belts and basic characteristics of cratons and mobile belts on both crustal and lithospheric mantle scales for some decades. Modern MT studies in Africa have generally supported earlier results with high resistivities observed on cratons and low resistivities observed across mobile belts. Advances in instrumentation, data processing and interpretation resulted in higher-resolution images of the lithosphere, which in consequence induce an improved understanding of tectonic processes and geological prerequisites for the occurrence of natural resources. The high electrical conductivity of mobile belts and their relation to reactivated fault and detachment zones were often interpreted to characterize mobile belts as tectonic weak zones, which can accommodate stress and constitute zones along which continents can break. Recent breaking of the African continent can be studied on land across the East African rift; however, the lack of amphibian MT experiments across today's margins does not allow for good resolution of remnants of continental breakup processes. Naturally, the regions and the focus of the MT studies in Africa are diverse, but they all contribute to the story of making and breaking a continent.

Weckmann, Ute

2012-01-01

230

Effects of three-times-per-week versus on-demand tadalafil treatment on erectile function and continence recovery following bilateral nerve sparing radical prostatectomy: results of a prospective, randomized, and single-center study.  

PubMed

Erectile dysfunction (ED) and urinary incontinence after bilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (BNSRP) still remain major causes of morbidity. Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) have a role in the treatment of ED after BNSRP. Several studies in patients with ED and lower urinary tract symptoms demonstrated that PDE5-Is could improve both erectile function and urinary symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of two dosing regimens of 20 mg tadalafil (on-demand and 3 times per week) and to assess the role of tadalafil in recovery of erectile function and continence after BNSRP. We conducted a single-center, prospective, randomized controlled trial of three times per week versus on-demand tadalafil 20 mg and a control group after BNSRP. A total of 129 preoperatively potent and continent patients were included in the study. The patients were evaluated at 6 weeks and 12 months postoperatively for erectile function and continence status. There was no significant difference between all three groups with respect to erectile function at 6 weeks after the surgery. Twelve months after the surgery, the International Index of Erectile Function score was significantly higher in the group using tadalafil 20 mg three times per week. However, there was no significant difference between the treated groups and the control group with respect to the continence status at 12 months after the surgery. There was no correlation between incontinence and ED after the surgery in all groups. Tadalafil 20 mg three times per week is an efficacious and well-tolerated treatment option for ED after BNSRP. Treatment with 20 mg tadalafil either three times per week or on demand cannot improve continence recovery after BNSRP compared with the control group. PMID:25645987

Canat, Lütfi; Güner, Bayram; Gürbüz, Cenk; At??, Gökhan; Ça?kurlu, Turhan

2015-02-01

231

Urinary incontinence and bladder endometriosis: conservative management.  

PubMed

Bladder endometriosis causes urinary symptoms including frequency, dysuria, cyclic haematuria and non-urinary pain symptoms. To our knowledge, the association of bladder endometriosis with urinary incontinence has not been described. We present the first case of bladder endometriosis that caused urinary symptoms including mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). A 34-year-old nulliparous woman was referred to our urogynaecology clinic with a 18-month history of urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A diagnosis of bladder endometriosis was performed on the basis of symptoms and imaging. The patient refused surgery and dienogest was prescribed. At the 12-month follow-up, all endometriosis-related symptoms and questionnaire scores had significantly improved, and there was resolution of the abnormal urodynamic findings. In reproductive-aged women suffering pain symptoms, bladder endometriosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of urinary incontinence and treatment with dienogest may lead to improvement of both urinary and pain symptoms. PMID:25182151

Leone Roberti Maggiore, Umberto; Ferrero, Simone; Salvatore, Stefano

2015-01-01

232

Global tectonic and climatic control of mean elevation of continents, and Phanerozoic sea level change  

E-print Network

Global tectonic and climatic control of mean elevation of continents, and Phanerozoic sea level continents, as well as mean elevation of individual continents, should be at the fundamental level controlled factors in controlling mean elevation of continents. The model is able to account for the positive

Zhang, Youxue

233

The continent ileostomy and the isolated ileal bladder.  

PubMed Central

The histories of 19 patients operated on by Kock's technique are reported. Follow-up extended from 3 years 4 months for the first case to 2 weeks for the last. There was one fatality. Some details of technique, contraindications, and complications and their treatment are discussed. Seventeen patients had a total proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis and 2 had urinary diversion into an isolated ileal reservoir for inoperable carcinoma of the urinary bladder. PMID:944011

Madigan, M. R.

1976-01-01

234

Catheter associated urinary tract infections  

PubMed Central

Urinary tract infection attributed to the use of an indwelling urinary catheter is one of the most common infections acquired by patients in health care facilities. As biofilm ultimately develops on all of these devices, the major determinant for development of bacteriuria is duration of catheterization. While the proportion of bacteriuric subjects who develop symptomatic infection is low, the high frequency of use of indwelling urinary catheters means there is a substantial burden attributable to these infections. Catheter-acquired urinary infection is the source for about 20% of episodes of health-care acquired bacteremia in acute care facilities, and over 50% in long term care facilities. The most important interventions to prevent bacteriuria and infection are to limit indwelling catheter use and, when catheter use is necessary, to discontinue the catheter as soon as clinically feasible. Infection control programs in health care facilities must implement and monitor strategies to limit catheter-acquired urinary infection, including surveillance of catheter use, appropriateness of catheter indications, and complications. Ultimately, prevention of these infections will require technical advances in catheter materials which prevent biofilm formation. PMID:25075308

2014-01-01

235

Wrench faulting initiated by continent-continent collision between the Eratosthenes Seamount and Cyprus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Eratosthenes Seamount (ESM), located in the Eastern Mediterranean south of Cyprus, is considered to represent a continental fragment originating from the former African-Arabian continental margin. In the late Miocene the subduction of the African-Arabian Plate below the Anatolian Plate turned to continent-continent collision when the ESM collided with the island of Cyprus. This altered the tectonic pattern of the entire Eastern Mediterranean. Since the ESM blocks the northward drift of the African Plate south of Cyprus, the northward motion of the African-Arabian Plate (around 1cm/year) has to be compensated along wrench faults. The Baltim Hecateus Line (BHL) separates the ESM on its eastern side from the deep Levantine Basin. The BHL formed as an extensional fault system during the Triassic formation of the Levatine Basin. During the Upper Cretaceous and Eocene so called Syrian Arc inversion the BHL was reactivated. A set of recent multichannel seismic 2D lines (MCS), acquired with the R/V Maria S. Merian (MSM14-2) in 2010, will be presented here. The NW-SE trending lines show a transformal to transpressional nature of the Baltim Hecateus Line. We propose that the BHL converted to a transform fault during the incipient collision of the ESM with the island of Cyprus in order to compensate the northward motion of the African-Arabian Plate. At the eastern rim of the ESM the BHL continues beneath a prominent bathymetric escarpment. Whereas the escarpment matches the trace of the BHL it is covered below the thick Messinian Evaporites south and north of the ESM. Owing to the ductile properties of salt the Messinian evaporites decouple the sub salt sediments from the supra salt sediments. As a result no direct observations of the BHL are possible. However, seismic imaging reveals thrust folds at the western side of the Levantine Basin pointing to a transpressional nature of the BHL. The overlying sediments are thinned as a reaction to the transform motion. Due to a dense spacing of MCS lines perpendicular to the strike of the Baltim Hecateus Line it was possible to trace the line also in the salt covered parts south and north of the ESM.

Ehrhardt, A.; Schnabel, M.; Damm, V.; Huebscher, C. P.

2010-12-01

236

Appendicovesicostomy: a useful adjunct to continent reconstruction of the bladder.  

PubMed

Appendicovesicostomy is a useful adjunct to continent reconstruction of the bladder. During the last 3 years we have used this procedure in 14 children with difficult incontinence due to spina bifida (7), exstrophy/epispadias (5), imperforate anus (1) and urethral agenesis (1). In 4 patients in whom previous operations had failed to achieve continence the bladder neck was closed. In the remaining 10 children, all of whom had difficulty or discomfort catheterizing the native urethra, the bladder neck/urethra was preserved or reconstructed to serve as a vent for elevated bladder pressures. Continence was achieved in all 14 children with no complications related to the appendix. All children in whom the bladder neck/urethra was salvaged preferentially empty via the appendix and remain dry, except when the bladder is overly full. PMID:8483219

Keating, M A; Rink, R C; Adams, M C

1993-05-01

237

Continent-scale linearity of kimberlite-carbonatite magmatism, mid-continent North America  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cretaceous-Tertiary kimberlite-carbonatite magmatism in mid-continent North America extends along a N40°W linear trend from Louisiana to Alberta, and occurs in at least four different pulses (?109-85, 67-64, 55-52, and less than 50 Ma). The lack of spatial age progressions of magmatism consistent with motion of North America over a fixed hot spot, the presence of Sr-Nd-Hf-Pb isotopic and trace-element compositions that show a temporal evolution from lithospheric to asthenospheric melt-sources, and the orientation of the magmatic belt parallel to the western subduction margin of the North American plate, suggest that this linear zone is the surface expression of mantle melting related to the subduction system. We propose that fragmentation of Farallon and Kula plates opened slab windows perpendicular to their convergence direction. In this model, sheet-like mantle upwellings were induced along slab-window margins, and these upwellings underwent low-degree partial melting to produce highly alkalic magmas along the trend parallel to, but ?2000 km east of, the convergent margin. The N40°W trend may reflect melting associated with penetration of the mantle transition-zone by the downgoing oceanic plate(s).

Duke, Genet Ide; Carlson, Richard W.; Frost, Carol D.; Hearn, B. C.; Eby, G. Nelson

2014-10-01

238

MP/H Rules Presentation - Urinary  

Cancer.gov

1 Renal Pelvis, Ureter, Bladder and Other Urinary 2 Equivalent Terms, Definitions, Tables and Illustrations 3 Introduction • Change in groupings – Previous: Kidney, ureter, renal pelvis • Bladder, ureter, renal pelvis – Lower urinary tract – Lined by

239

Arc–Continent Collision: The Making of an Orogen  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a There is no one model, no paradigm, that uniquely defines arc–continent collision. Natural examples and modelling of arc–continent\\u000a collision show that there is a large degree of, and variation in, complexity that depend on a number of key first-order parameters\\u000a and the nature of the main players; the continental margin and the arc–trench complex (the arc–trench complex includes the\\u000a arc

D. Brown; P. D. Ryan; J. C. Afonso; D. Boutelier; J. P. Burg; T. Byrne; A. Calvert; F. Cook; S. DeBari; J. F. Dewey; T. V. Gerya; R. Harris; R. Herrington; E. Konstantinovskaya; T. Reston; A. Zagorevski

240

The Evolution of Surgical Treatment for Female Stress Urinary Incontinence: Era of Mid-Urethral Slings  

PubMed Central

Based on the integral theory, tension-free placement of a mid-urethral sling (MUS) for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) has gained substantial popularity owing to the ease of the procedure and its effectiveness. Published series with long-term follow-up show continence rates after the MUS procedure ranging from 70% to 80%. Complication rates after MUS procedures are usually low. This review aimed to describe the historical change and the current use of the MUS. We discuss the efficacy and complications of various MUS procedures and the current strategies for managing failed slings. PMID:20428423

Lee, Young-Suk; Lee, Ha Na

2010-01-01

241

Management of Stress Urinary Incontinence  

PubMed Central

Although there is renewed interest in conservative therapies for stress urinary incontinence, such as pelvic floor exercises, electrical stimulation, and duloxetine therapy, surgery remains the primary choice in managing this condition. Surgical options include paravaginal defect repair, the Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz procedure, open and laparoscopic Burch urethropexy, and pubovaginal sling procedures. There is a growing trend in the United States toward use of the pubovaginal sling procedure as the primary operation for urinary incontinence due to less invasive techniques. Studies comparing the pubovaginal sling with open urethropexy have shown similar short-term cure rates. More large prospective, randomized studies are needed to assess long-term rates. PMID:16985904

Cornella, Jeffrey L

2004-01-01

242

Urinary Trehalase Activity in Chronic Glomerulonephritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the diagnostic role of urinary trehalase in chronic glomerular disease, urinary trehalase activity and other urinary markers such as N-acetyl-?-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), alanine aminopeptidase (AAP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), ?-glutamyltranspeptidase (?-GTP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), lysozyme and ?2-microglobulin (BMG) were measured in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome and chronic renal failure. Urinary trehalase activity was significantly increased in chronic glomerular

Toshimitsu Niwa; Tomoyuki Katsuzak; Tomoko Yazawa; Noriyuki Tatemichi; Yutaka Emoto; Takashi Miyazaki; Kenji Maeda

1993-01-01

243

[Effect of urinary pH value on the composition of urinary nanocrystals].  

PubMed

The effect of urinary pH value on the composition of urinary nanocrystals was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The differentiation of composition of urinary nanocrystals not only occurred between the people with different urinary pH, but also occurred in the same person when his or her urinary pH changed. At lower urinary pH (such as pH<5.8), most of the urinary components are uric acid, acidic phosphate, calcium oxalate etc. However, most of these components are urate, phosphate, magnesium ammonium phosphate, calcium oxalate etc at higher urinary pH (such as pH>6.2). Combining XRD and FTIR methods, t he compositions o f urinary nanocrystals can b edetermined accurately. It is helpful to exploring the cause of urinary stones. PMID:19385256

Xu, Xiao-Jing; Wan, Mu-Hua; Ouyang, Jian-Ming

2009-01-01

244

Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis of Urinary Tract Stones  

Microsoft Academic Search

B Baacckkggrroouunndd.. Urinary tract stones are common urological disorders. However, there have been few studies of the stone composition in Central Taiwan. Infrared spectroscopy is a simple procedure used to analyze urinary stones. We conducted this study to evaluate the composition of urinary tract stones using infrared spectroscopy. M Meetthhooddss.. Most of the samples (89.8%) were obtained during endourological procedures

Chien-Hsing Lu; Hsueh-Fu Lu; Wen-Chi Chen; Tracy Lee; Hsi-Chin Wu

245

Integrating yoga therapy in the management of urinary incontinence: a case report.  

PubMed

A 63-year-old overweight female prediagnosed of stress urinary incontinence presented with exacerbated events of urine leakage. She was advised a residential lifestyle and behavioral program, primarily consisting of a monitored yoga therapy module, apart from her ongoing anticholinergic medicine, for 21 days. Assessments were based on a frequency volume chart, a bladder diary for the entire duration of treatment, and the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form questionnaire on the days of admission and discharge. A total of 1.9 kg of weight loss was observed during her stay. Usage of pad, as reported in her diary, reduced from 3 to 1 per day. Her International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form score reduced from 16 to 9, indicating better continence. She expressed subjective well-being and confidence in her social interactions. This is probably the first case report demonstrating feasibility of integration of yoga therapy in the management of urinary incontinence. PMID:25539839

Vinchurkar, Suhas Ashok; Arankalle, Dhananjay Vijay

2015-04-01

246

Durability of the Malone antegrade continence enema in pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) is a therapeutic option to treat chronic constipation and fecal incontinence in patients with neurogenic bowel. Previous reports have described the short-term success of this procedure, but no report has described the durability of the procedure during pregnancy. We present the case of a spinal cord injury patient who underwent an uncomplicated pregnancy after

Francis J Wren; Carl T Reese; Ross M Decter

2003-01-01

247

Regulating continent growth and composition by chemical weathering  

PubMed Central

Continents ride high above the ocean floor because they are underlain by thick, low-density, Si-rich, and Mg-poor crust. However, the parental magmas of continents were basaltic, which means they must have lost Mg relative to Si during their maturation into continents. Igneous differentiation followed by lower crustal delamination and chemical weathering followed by subduction recycling are possible solutions, but the relative magnitudes of each process have never been quantitatively constrained because of the lack of appropriate data. Here, we show that the relative contributions of these processes can be obtained by simultaneous examination of Mg and Li (an analog for Mg) on the regional and global scales in arcs, delaminated lower crust, and river waters. At least 20% of Mg is lost from continents by weathering, which translates into >20% of continental mass lost by weathering (40% by delamination). Chemical weathering leaves behind a more Si-rich and Mg-poor crust, which is less dense and hence decreases the probability of crustal recycling by subduction. Net continental growth is thus modulated by chemical weathering and likely influenced by secular changes in weathering mechanisms. PMID:18362343

Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus; Morton, Douglas M.; Little, Mark G.; Kistler, Ronald; Horodyskyj, Ulyana N.; Leeman, William P.; Agranier, Arnaud

2008-01-01

248

Choosing and using disposable body-worn continence pads.  

PubMed

Disposable, body-worn pads are the product most commonly chosen to contain and absorb urine and faeces (Pomfret, 2000). The cost to the NHS of supplying continence pads has been estimated at 80 million pounds per annum (Euromonitor, 1999) and is a huge financial burden on local services. PMID:16052946

Gilbert, Rachel

249

Mantle temperature under drifting deformable continents during the supercontinent cycle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Abstract The thermal heterogeneity of the Earth's mantle under the drifting <span class="hlt">continents</span> during a supercontinent cycle is a controversial issue in earth science. Here, a series of numerical simulations of mantle convection are performed in 3-D spherical-shell geometry, incorporating drifting deformable <span class="hlt">continents</span> and self-consistent plate tectonics, to evaluate the subcontinental mantle temperature during a supercontinent cycle. Results show that the laterally averaged temperature anomaly of the subcontinental mantle remains within several tens of degrees (±50°C) throughout the simulation time. Even after the formation of the supercontinent and the development of subcontinental plumes due to the subduction of the oceanic plates, the laterally averaged temperature anomaly of the deep mantle under the <span class="hlt">continent</span> is within +10°C. This implies that there is no substantial temperature difference between the subcontinental and suboceanic mantles during a supercontinent cycle. The temperature anomaly immediately beneath the supercontinent is generally positive owing to the thermal insulation effect and the active upwelling plumes from the core-mantle boundary. In the present simulation, the formation of a supercontinent causes the laterally averaged subcontinental temperature to increase by a maximum of 50°C, which would produce sufficient tensional force to break up the supercontinent. The regular periodicity of the supercontinent cycles observed in previous 2-D and 3-D simulation models with rigid nondeformable <span class="hlt">continents</span> and without self-consistent plate tectonics is not confirmed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yoshida, Masaki</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">250</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/249811"> <span id="translatedtitle">Petroleum Technology Transfer Council boosts North Mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> technology</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Kansas Tertiary Oil Recovery Project served as one of the primary models for the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council, so it`s fitting this series on regional applications should start with the North Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> organization. The technology transfer program is described.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lyle, D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">251</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70033434"> <span id="translatedtitle">Regulating <span class="hlt">continent</span> growth and composition by chemical weathering</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Continents</span> ride high above the ocean floor because they are underlain by thick, low-density, Si-rich, and Mg-poor crust. However, the parental magmas of <span class="hlt">continents</span> were basaltic, which means they must have lost Mg relative to Si during their maturation into <span class="hlt">continents</span>. Igneous differentiation followed by lower crustal delamination and chemical weathering followed by subduction recycling are possible solutions, but the relative magnitudes of each process have never been quantitatively constrained because of the lack of appropriate data. Here, we show that the relative contributions of these processes can be obtained by simultaneous examination of Mg and Li (an analog for Mg) on the regional and global scales in arcs, delaminated lower crust, and river waters. At least 20% of Mg is lost from <span class="hlt">continents</span> by weathering, which translates into >20% of continental mass lost by weathering (40% by delamination). Chemical weathering leaves behind a more Si-rich and Mg-poor crust, which is less dense and hence decreases the probability of crustal recycling by subduction. Net continental growth is thus modulated by chemical weathering and likely influenced by secular changes in weathering mechanisms. ?? 2008 by The National Academy of Sciences of the USA.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lee, C.-T.A.; Morton, D.M.; Little, M.G.; Kistler, R.; Horodyskyj, U.N.; Leeman, W.P.; Agranier, A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">252</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/43171670"> <span id="translatedtitle">Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange across biomes and <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Understanding the relationships between climate and carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems is critical to predict future levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide because of the potential accelerating effects of positive climate-carbon cycle feedbacks. However, directly observed relationships between climate and terrestrial CO2 exchange with the atmosphere across biomes and <span class="hlt">continents</span> are lacking. Here we present data describing the relationships between net</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chuixiang Yi; Daniel Ricciuto; Runze Li; John Wolbeck; Xiyan Xu; Mats Nilsson; Luis Aires; John D. Albertson; Christof Ammann; M. Altaf Arain; Alessandro C. de Araujo; Marc Aubinet; Mika Aurela; Zoltán Barcza; Alan Barr; Paul Berbigier; Jason Beringer; Christian Bernhofer; Andrew T. Black; Paul V. Bolstad; Fred C. Bosveld; Mark S. J. Broadmeadow; Nina Buchmann; Sean P. Burns; Pierre Cellier; Jingming Chen; Jiquan Chen; Philippe Ciais; Robert Clement; Bruce D. Cook; Peter S. Curtis; D. Bryan Dail; Ebba Dellwik; Nicolas Delpierre; Ankur R. Desai; Sabina Dore; Danilo Dragoni; Bert G. Drake; Eric Dufrêne; Allison Dunn; Jan Elbers; Werner Eugster; Matthias Falk; Christian Feigenwinter; Lawrence B. Flanagan; Thomas Foken; John Frank; Juerg Fuhrer; Damiano Gianelle; Allen Goldstein; Mike Goulden; Andre Granier; Thomas Grünwald; Lianhong Gu; Haiqiang Guo; Albin Hammerle; Shijie Han; Niall P. Hanan; László Haszpra; Bernard Heinesch; Carole Helfter; Dimmie Hendriks; Lindsay B. Hutley; Andreas Ibrom; Cor Jacobs; Torbjörn Johansson; Marjan Jongen; Gabriel Katul; Gerard Kiely; Katja Klumpp; Alexander Knohl; Thomas Kolb; Werner L. Kutsch; Peter Lafleur; Tuomas Laurila; Ray Leuning; Anders Lindroth; Heping Liu; Benjamin Loubet; Giovanni Manca; Michal Marek; Hank A. Margolis; Timothy A. Martin; William J. Massman; Roser Matamala; Giorgio Matteucci; Harry McCaughey; Lutz Merbold; Tilden Meyers; Mirco Migliavacca; Franco Miglietta; Laurent Misson; Meelis Mölder; John Moncrieff; Russell K Monson; Leonardo Montagnani; Mario Montes-Helu; Eddy Moors; Christine Moureaux; Mukufute M Mukelabai; J William Munger; May Myklebust; Zoltán Nagy; Asko Noormets; Walter Oechel; Ram Oren; Stephen G Pallardy; Kyaw Tha Paw U; João S Pereira; Kim Pilegaard; Krisztina Pintér; Casimiro Pio; Gabriel Pita; Thomas L Powell; Serge Rambal; James T Randerson; Corinna Rebmann; Janne Rinne; Federica Rossi; Nigel Roulet; Ronald J Ryel; Jorgen Sagerfors; Nobuko Saigusa; María José Sanz; Giuseppe-Scarascia Mugnozza; Hans Peter Schmid; Guenther Seufert; Mario Siqueira; Jean-François Soussana; Gregory Starr; Mark A Sutton; John Tenhunen; Juha-Pekka Tuovinen; Riccardo Valentini; Christoph S Vogel; Jingxin Wang; Shaoqiang Wang; Weiguo Wang; Lisa R Welp; Xuefa Wen; Sonia Wharton; Matthew Wilkinson; Christopher A Williams; Georg Wohlfahrt; Susumu Yamamoto; Guirui Yu; Roberto Zampedri; Bin Zhao; Xinquan Zhao</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">253</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.es.ucsc.edu/~pkoch/pdfs/Koch%20papers/2004/Barnosky%20et%2004%20Sci%20306-70/Barnosky%20et%2004%20Sci%20306-70.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Assessing the Causes of Late Pleistocene Extinctions on the <span class="hlt">Continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">One of the great debates about extinction is whether humans or climatic change caused the demise of the Pleistocene megafauna. Evidence from paleontology, climatology, archaeology, and ecology now supports the idea that humans contributed to extinction on some <span class="hlt">continents</span>, but human hunting was not solely responsible for the pattern of extinction everywhere. Instead, evidence suggests that the intersection of human</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Anthony D. Barnosky; Paul L. Koch; Robert S. Feranec; Scott L. Wing; Alan B. Shabel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">254</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30250570"> <span id="translatedtitle">Imaging in <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The relationship of vesicoureteric reflex (VUR) and renal scarring was studied in 94 children (188 kidneys) with proved <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection in a district general hospital. There were 61 girls and 33 boys, with nine girls and 17 boys aged less than 1 year, 31 girls and nine boys aged between 1 and 5 years, the remaining 28 children were</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">F V Gleeson; I Gordon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">255</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25196507"> <span id="translatedtitle">Managing <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence: what works?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence is a common condition, which, although not life-threatening, impairs the health-related quality of life of affected individuals. All women complaining of incontinence require a basic assessment and those with complex or refractory symptoms may benefit from urodynamic studies. Initial treatment includes lifestyle advice, behavioral modifications, bladder retraining and pelvic floor muscle training. For those women with persistent stress <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence following conservative therapy, surgical management might be considered. The development of the minimally invasive, retropubic, synthetic, mid-urethral sling procedures has revolutionized stress incontinence surgery and reduced the popularity of 'traditional' procedures, such as colposuspension and autologous fascial sling. In an attempt to reduce further the morbidity, transobturator and single-incision slings have been introduced. While antimuscarinic agents are the mainstay of the current medical management of urgency <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence, a recently developed selective ?3-adrenergic receptor agonist (mirabegron) offers an alternative pharmacological option. Modalities such as intravesical botulinum toxin and neuromodulation (peripheral or sacral) are available to women with refractory urgency incontinence. Finally, when all other options have been explored and proven unsuccessful, inappropriate or not feasible, reconstructive surgery or catheter insertion might be considered as a last resort. The aim of this paper is to review conservative, medical and surgical management for <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence by using the best available evidence in the literature. PMID:25196507</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Giarenis, I; Cardozo, L</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">256</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1295143"> <span id="translatedtitle">Primary amyloidosis of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Six cases of primary amyloidosis of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder are reported. This is a rare clinical entity and is of interest to the urologist because it is usually confused with carcinoma. Conservative treatment is usually adequate, though long-term follow up is recommended. PMID:7752163</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Agarwal, S K; Walmsley, B H; Marley, N J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">257</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23823973"> <span id="translatedtitle">Major odorants released as <span class="hlt">urinary</span> volatiles by <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinent patients.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this study, volatile <span class="hlt">urinary</span> components were collected using three different types of samples from patients suffering from <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence (UI): (1) urine (A); (2) urine + non-used pad (B); and (3) urine + used pad (C). In addition, urine + non-used pad (D) samples from non-patients were also collected as a reference. The collection of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> volatiles was conducted with the aid of a glass impinger-based mini-chamber method. Each of the four sample types (A through D) was placed in a glass impinger and incubated for 4 hours at 37 °C. Ultra pure air was then passed through the chamber, and volatile urine gas components were collected into Tedlar bags at the other end. These bag samples were then analyzed for a wide range of VOCs and major offensive odorants (e.g., reduced sulfur compounds (RSCs), carbonyls, trimethylamine (TMA), ammonia, etc.). Among the various odorants, sulfur compounds (methanethiol and hydrogen sulfide) and aldehydes (acetaldehyde, butylaldehyde, and isovaleraldehyde) were detected above odor threshold and predicted to contribute most effectively to odor intensity of urine incontinence. PMID:23823973</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pandey, Sudhir Kumar; Kim, Ki-Hyun; Choi, Si On; Sa, In Young; Oh, Soo Yeon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">258</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EGUGA..15.2670Y"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mantle temperature under drifting deformable <span class="hlt">continents</span> during the supercontinent cycle</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The thermal heterogeneity of the Earth's mantle under the drifting <span class="hlt">continents</span> during a supercontinent cycle is a controversial issue in earth science. Here, a series of numerical simulations of mantle convection are performed in 3D spherical-shell geometry, incorporating drifting deformable <span class="hlt">continents</span> and self-consistent plate tectonics, to evaluate the subcontinental mantle temperature during a supercontinent cycle. Results show that the laterally averaged temperature anomaly of the subcontinental mantle remains within several tens of degrees (±50 °C) throughout the simulation time. Even after the formation of the supercontinent and the development of subcontinental plumes due to the subduction of the oceanic plates, the laterally averaged temperature anomaly of the deep mantle under the <span class="hlt">continent</span> is within +10 °C. This implies that there is no substantial temperature difference between the subcontinental and suboceanic mantles during a supercontinent cycle. The temperature anomaly immediately beneath the supercontinent is generally positive owing to the thermal insulation effect and the active upwelling plumes from the core-mantle boundary. In the present simulation, the formation of a supercontinent causes the laterally averaged subcontinental temperature to increase by a maximum of 50 °C, which would produce sufficient tensional force to break up the supercontinent. The periodic assembly and dispersal of continental fragments, referred to as the supercontinent cycle, bear close relation to the evolution of mantle convection and plate tectonics. Supercontinent formation involves complex processes of introversion, extroversion or a combination of these in uniting dispersed continental fragments, as against the simple opening and closing of individual oceans envisaged in Wilson cycle. In the present study, I evaluate supercontinent processes in a realistic mantle convection regime. Results show that the assembly of supercontinents is accompanied by a combination of introversion and extroversion processes. The regular periodicity of the supercontinent cycles observed in previous 2D and 3D simulation models with rigid nondeformable <span class="hlt">continents</span> is not confirmed. The small-scale thermal heterogeneity is dominated in deep mantle convection during the supercontinent cycle, although the large-scale, active upwelling plumes intermittently originate under drifting <span class="hlt">continents</span> and/or the supercontinent. Results suggest that active subducting cold plates along continental margins generate thermal heterogeneity with short-wavelength structures, which is consistent with the thermal heterogeneity in the present-day mantle convection inferred from seismic tomography models. References: [1] Yoshida, M. Mantle temperature under drifting deformable <span class="hlt">continents</span> during the supercontinent cycle, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2013, in press. [2] Yoshida, M. and M. Santosh, Mantle convection modeling of supercontinent cycle: Introversion, extroversion, or combination?, 2013, submitted.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yoshida, Masaki</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">259</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Antarctica&pg=7&id=EJ529985"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Continents</span> on the Move or "Where in the World Did Antarctica Come From?"</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Presents an activity in which students trace the movement of the <span class="hlt">continents</span> over the past 600 million years to help them understand how the <span class="hlt">continents</span>' size and position have changed over time. Includes map puzzle pieces. (MKR)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">CSTA Journal, 1995</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">260</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4408390"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infections and Candida albicans</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Introduction <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract candidiasis is known as the most frequent nosocomial fungal infection worldwide. Candida albicans is the most common cause of nosocomial fungal <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections; however, a rapid change in the distribution of Candida species is undergoing. Simultaneously, the increase of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract candidiasis has led to the appearance of antifungal resistant Candida species. In this review, we have an in depth look into Candida albicans uropathogenesis and distribution of the three most frequent Candida species contributing to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract candidiasis in different countries around the world. Material and methods For writing this review, Google Scholar –a scholarly search engine– (http://scholar.google.com/) and PubMed database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/) were used. The most recently published original articles and reviews of literature relating to the first three Candida species causing <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections in different countries and the pathogenicity of Candida albicans were selected and studied. Results Although some studies show rapid changes in the uropathogenesis of Candida species causing <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections in some countries, Candida albicans is still the most important cause of candidal <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections. Conclusions Despite the ranking of Candida albicans as the dominant species for <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract candidiasis, specific changes have occurred in some countries. At this time, it is important to continue the surveillance related to Candida species causing <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections to prevent, control and treat <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract candidiasis in future.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Behzadi, Payam; Behzadi, Elham</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_13 div --> <div id="page_14" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">261</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4310889"> <span id="translatedtitle">First experience with the ATOMS® implant, a new treatment option for male <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Introduction <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence (UI) is defined as any complaint of involuntary urine leakage. A description is provided of our experience with the ATOMS® (Adjustable Transobturator Male System. Agency for Medical Innovations. A.M.I.) adjustable implant in patients with mild to moderate UI. Material and methods A retrospective study was made of the data referring to 13 patients treated with this adjustable system. Demographic and personal data were collected along with information on the etiology, severity, characteristics, duration of UI, complementary tests, surgery times, complications and results obtained. Results The full <span class="hlt">continence</span> (no use of pad) recovery rate at the close of the study was 12/13 (92.3%). Three cases required a single filling during the mean 16 months of follow–up (range 4–32; median 14 months). A complication in the form of perineal hematoma was resolved with conservative treatment and a case of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention was resolved by placing a bladder catheter for the duration of one week. Three patients experienced perineal–scrotal dysesthesias that disappeared spontaneously in the first three months. Conclusions The described adjustable <span class="hlt">continence</span> system has been found to be very effective in males with mild to moderate UI. In our experience, the ATOMS® implant offers excellent results over the middle term with a very low rate of complications that were easily resolved in all cases. PMID:25667760</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cansino, Jose Ramón; Portilla, María Alejandra; Rodriguez, Simón Claudio; Hidalgo, Luis; De la Peña, Javier</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">262</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19760040833&hterms=enzyme+kinetic&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3Denzyme%2Bkinetic"> <span id="translatedtitle">Studies on human <span class="hlt">urinary</span> arylamidases</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Human <span class="hlt">urinary</span> protein was found to contain enzymes that hydrolyze leucyl-, alanyl-, and glycyl-prolyl-beta-naphthylamides. The kinetic constants of these enzymes were determined and their chemical properties studied. The pH optima for the hydrolysis of the various naphthylamides were also determined. Glycyl-prolyl-arylaminade was inhibited by Co(2+) and Mn(2+), while two other arylamidases were slightly activated by Co(2+). p-Chloromercuriphenyl-sulfonate and puromycin significantly inhibited leucyl and alanyl arylamidases. The mean values for 24-hour <span class="hlt">urinary</span> output for leucyl-, alanyl-, and glycyl-prolyl arylamidases in normal human male subjects were 4.32, 9.97, and 2.2 units, respectively.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Raina, P. N.; Ellis, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1975-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">263</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25677229"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tissue-engineered <span class="hlt">urinary</span> conduits.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The role of tissue engineering in the cystectomy population rests on the principle of sparing healthy intestinal tissue while replacing diseased bladder. Over the last 25 years advances in cell biology and material science have improved the quality and durability of bladder replacement in animals. The neo-<span class="hlt">urinary</span> conduit ([NUC]-Tengion) employs autologous fat smooth muscle cells which are seeded onto synthetic, biodegradable scaffolds. This seeded construct is then implanted in the patient and purportedly regenerates native <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tissue to serve as a passive channel connecting the ureters to the skin surface. Preclinical animal studies as well as the first phase I human trial implanting the NUC are reviewed. While the ultimate goal of creating a durable, effective, tissue-engineered conduit is still in its infancy, important technical and experimental strides have been made. PMID:25677229</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kates, Max; Singh, Anirudha; Matsui, Hotaka; Steinberg, Gary D; Smith, Norm D; Schoenberg, Mark P; Bivalacqua, Trinity J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">264</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14521205"> <span id="translatedtitle">CT evaluation of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> lithiasis.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Unenhanced CT has been demonstrated to be the most accurate and efficient diagnostic imaging means to evaluate <span class="hlt">urinary</span> lithiasis, with capability of directing management, and has become well accepted by radiologists, urologists, and emergency department physicians such that it is now the standard of practice. It is the duty of the radiologist to be aware of proper technique and the details of interpretation. The radiologist also has a duty to be aware of the limitations of unenhanced CT for detection and evaluation of various nonstone disorders, particularly with poor patient selection, and to extend the examination if appropriate. Controversies and future developments include cost containment with care for the selection of patients. Further attempts to reduce radiation exposure should be made. Optimal CT technique is not needed in general merely to detect <span class="hlt">urinary</span> lithiasis. A consensus should be developed regarding use of CT in pregnant patients. Further improvements in the digital scout view would be useful for following patients. PMID:14521205</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kenney, Philip J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">265</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25362780"> <span id="translatedtitle">[<span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infections in adults].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infections in adults are frequent and can induce several septic situations. Their economic cost (drugs, microbiologic samples, consultations and/or hospitalizations and stop working) and ecologic cost (second reasons of antibiotic prescription in winter and first in the rest of the year) are important. A better respect of recommendations can improve the outcome of this different infections and decrease their cost. PMID:25362780</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ali, Adel Ben; Bagnis, Corinne Isnard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">266</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15176280"> <span id="translatedtitle">Commissioning <span class="hlt">continence</span> services--turning policy into action.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Incontinence of urine and faeces is a major issue in health care today. The financial cost is enormous with the NHS purchasing an annual 80 m Pounds worth of absorbent products alone (Euromonitor, 1999). But the financial cost is only part of the equation. Incontinence also has a considerable impact on the quality of life of those who experience it. The nature and impact on quality of life varies among individuals. However, where expert services are available cure rates can exceed 50 per cent (Royal College of Physicians, 1995). This suggests that specialist <span class="hlt">continence</span> services have a vital role to play in helping patients improve their incontinence or manage their <span class="hlt">continence</span> problems more effectively. PMID:15176280</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thomas, Sue</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-05-18</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">267</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24533717"> <span id="translatedtitle">Priority pharmacogenetics for the African <span class="hlt">continent</span>: focus on CYP450.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Countries in Africa have a high burden of communicable disease, and are experiencing an increase in noncommunicable diseases due to the effects of globalization, industrialization and urbanization. The costs incurred through adverse drug reactions and nonresponsiveness to therapy further aggravates the situation, and the application of pharmacogenetic principles is likely to provide some relief. Having undertaken an extensive evaluation of CYP450 reports in Africa, our objective was to map out areas of need based on regional disease burdens. The data confirms a paucity of CYP450 reports and illustrates large regions for which no population information exists. There is a dire need to address the health problems of Africa, and wide-scale pharmacogenetic profiling of these populations will add significantly to improving patient care on the <span class="hlt">continent</span>. Priority pharmacogenetics for the African <span class="hlt">continent</span> gives precedence to the profiling of clinically relevant pharmacogenetic biomarkers, and defines the immediate need in the context of disease burden. PMID:24533717</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Alessandrini, Marco; Pepper, Michael S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">268</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003AREPS..31..213D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Madagascar: Heads It's a <span class="hlt">Continent</span>, Tails It's an Island</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Neither geologists nor biologists have a definition that is capable of classifying Madagascar unambiguously as an island or a <span class="hlt">continent</span>; nor can they incorporate Malagasy natural history into a single model rooted in Africa or Asia. Madagascar is a microcosm of the larger <span class="hlt">continents</span>, with a rock record that spans more than 3000 million years (Ma), during which it has been united episodically with, and divorced from, Asian and African connections. This is reflected in its Precambrian history of deep crustal tectonics and a Phanerozoic history of biodiversity that fluctuated between cosmopolitanism and parochialism. Both vicariance and dispersal events over the past 90 Ma have blended a unique endemism on Madagascar, now in decline following rapid extinctions that started about 2000 years ago.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">de Wit, Maarten J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">269</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..16.1383M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Hydration of the lithospheric mantle by the descending plate in a <span class="hlt">continent-continent</span> collisional setting</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">When <span class="hlt">continents</span> collide, can the orogenic crust be thickened by the process of wholesale underthrusting of the descending plate (Zhou & Murphy, 2005)? Actually, thick lithospheric plates collide after complete subduction of the oceanic plate in between. Thus, the role of the lithospheric mantle below the upper plate must be considered to answer this question. As the descending plate, especially its former near-surface region, significantly dehydrates, the hydration of this mantle portion was studied. For this reason, pressure (P) - temperature (T) and T- H2O pseudosections were calculated for an average mantle composition using the computer software PERPLEX (Connolly, 2005). These pseudosections were contoured by isopleths for volumes of amphibole, chlorite, and serpentine. It can be easily recognized from the produced graphs that considerable amounts of amphibole and chlorite can result from addition of some water to the dry ultrabasite. In the P-range 8 to 15 kbar, a maximum of nearly 20 vol.% amphibole and 10 vol.% chlorite forms when only 1.5 wt.% H2O is added at temperatures up to 700°C. This amount of chlorite continuously disappears with rising temperatures up to 800°C and somewhat more. In the given P-range, serpentine forms only below 600°C and H2O contents >2 wt.% added. For example, at 550°C and 5 wt.% H2O hydrous phases amount to about 35 vol.% serpentine, 10 vol.% of each chlorite and amphibole and very little biotite in the studied ultrabasite. As the hydration of the lithospheric mantle below the upper plate would change its rheological properties, the following geodynamic scenario is conceivable: The tip of the descending continental plate hydrates this mantle portion and weakens it. This allows the buoyant tip of this plate to penetrate the lithospheric mantle close to the interface of mantle and overlying crust. As the dehydration of the penetrating continental crust continues by heating, the hydration and weakening of the mantle is also ongoing to cause a significant penetration and, thus, a wholesale thrusting of the descending plate under the other continental plate, eventually with a thin hydrated mantle region in between. For example, pelitic rocks, common in the upper portion of continental crust, can release about 2.5 wt.% H2O between 450 to 650°C at 10-15 kbar (e.g. Massonne et al., 2013). A pile of 3 km of such rocks extending over 300 km perpendicular to the initial orogenic front could supply so much water to produce a 500 m thick weak zone in the mantle with about 20 vol.% amphibole and 10 vol.% chlorite over 3000 km. The termination of the underthrust process can be caused by heating of the frontal portion of the underthrust plate to 650°C and more, which is then not anymore capable to hydrate the lithospheric mantle. Connolly, J.A.D., 2005. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters 236, 524-541. Massonne, H.-J. et al., 2013. Lithos 156-159, 171-185. Zhou, H.-W. & Murphy, M.A., 2005. J. Asian Earth Sci. 25, 445-457</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Massonne, Hans-Joachim</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">270</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2917506"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Biomarkers in Lupus Nephritis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Renal involvement in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in the form of severe lupus nephritis is associated with a significant burden of morbidity and mortality. Conventional laboratory biomarkers in current use have not been very successful in anticipating disease flares, predicting renal histology, or decreasing unwanted outcomes. Since early treatment is associated with improved clinical results, it is thus essential to identify new biomarkers with substantial predictive power to reduce the serious sequelae of this difficult to control lupus manifestation. Indeed, considerable efforts and progress have been made over the last few years in the search for novel biomarkers. Since <span class="hlt">urinary</span> biomarkers are more easily obtainable with much less risk to the patient than repeat renal biopsies, and these may more accurately discern between renal disease and other organ manifestations than their serum counterparts, there has been tremendous interest in studying new candidate urine biomarkers. Below, we review several promising <span class="hlt">urinary</span> biomarkers under investigation, including total proteinuria and microalbuminuria, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> proteomic signatures, and the individual inflammatory mediators interleukin-6, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, CXCL16, IP-10, and tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis. PMID:20127204</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Reyes-Thomas, Joyce; Blanco, Irene</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">271</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AGUFM.U13A0867D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cenozoic Tilting of the Australian <span class="hlt">Continent</span> due to Dynamic Topography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We investigate the possibility of a mantle-dynamic origin to account for the observed pattern of inundation of the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span> in the Cenozoic. Since the Paleocene, the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span> has experienced a series of regional marine incursions and regressions, which are inconsistent with the expected flooding history due to changes in eustatic sea level alone. During this time, the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span> has undergone no major episodes of mountain building or rifting which might account for these patterns of inundation. Since the Eocene, the Australian plate underwent rapid northward motion as the spreading rate at the South East Indian Ridge increased. As it moved northwards, the Australian plate moved away from a dynamic topography low caused by the sinking Gondwanaland slab beneath the South East Indian Ridge, and towards a dynamic topography low caused by subducted slab material in South East Asia. It is thought that these dynamic topography features at the southern and northern extremes of the Australian plate produce an underlying static and long wavelength dynamic feature over which the Australian plate has migrated through the Cenozoic. This dynamic feature should be expressed by an increase in the latitudinal asymmetry of the Australian dynamic signal. Estimates of the dynamic motion of the Australian plate since the Paleocene are made by matching observed patterns of marine incursion with models of marine inundation. Models of inundation are created by backstripping sediment from present-day topography and dynamic motion is quantified by the displacement needed to approximate the observed flooding according to eustatic sea level. We explore the trend of these displacements according to their paleo-position. Preliminary analysis suggests that the <span class="hlt">continent</span> is influenced by a dynamic feature that is both temporally and spatially varying. We attempt to interpret the evolving dynamic topography field of Australia in the context of kinematic and 3-D dynamic models of the Australian region which provide an integrated explanation for the patterns of marine inundation in the Cenozoic.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dicaprio, L.; Gurnis, M.; Muller, R. D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">272</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6526295"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> rift system - a frontier hydrocarbon province</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Geophysical evidence in the Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> has led to delineation of a rift system active during the Proterozoic Y Era. The Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> rift system can be traced by the Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> gravity high and corresponding aeromagnetic anomaly signature from the surface exposure of the Keweenawan Supergroup in the Lake Superior basin southwest in the subsurface through Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas. The aeromagnetic anomaly signature of the rift trend discloses where these sediments have been preserved. Thick accumulations of upper Proterozoic sediments are indicated by both upward continuation of the aeromagnetic profiles across the rift trend and gravity models which incorporate: 1) a deep mafic body to create the narrow gravity high, 2) anomalously thick crust to account for the more regional gravity low, and 3) sedimentary accumulations on the Precambrian surface to explain the small-scale notches which occur within the narrow gravity high. Reflection seismic data are virtually unknown in the rift area; however, data recently acquired by COCORP across the southern end of the feature in Kansas provide evidence of thick stratified sequences in the rift valley. Studies of the East African rift have revealed that the tropical rift valley is an exceptionally fertile environment for deposition and preservation of kerogenous material. The Sirte, Suez, Viking, Dnieper-Donetz, and Tsaidam basins are just a few of the rift basins currently classed as giant producers. The existence of a rift basin trend with thick accumulations of preserved sediments, demonstrably organic rich, introduces the northern Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> US as a new frontier for hydrocarbon exploration.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lee, C.K.; Kerr, S.D. Jr.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">273</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7132865"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> natural gas reservoirs and plays</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Natural gas reservoirs of the mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> states of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Arkansas (northern part) have produced 103 trillion cubic ft (tcf) of natural gas. Oklahoma has produced the most, having a cumulative production of 71 tcf. The major reservoirs (those that have produced more than 10 billion ft[sup 3]) have been identified and organized into 28 plays based on geologic age, lithology, and depositional environment. The Atlas of Major Midcontinent Gas Reservoirs, published in 1993, provides the documentation for these plays. This atlas was a collaborative effort of the Gas Research Institute; Bureau of Economic Geology. The University of Texas at Austin; Arkansas Geological Commission; Kansas Geological survey; and Oklahoma Geological Survey. Total cumulative production for 530 major reservoirs is 66 tcf associated and nonassociated gas. Oklahoma has the highest production with 39 tcf from 390 major reservoirs, followed by Kansas with 26 tcf from 105 major reservoirs. Most of the mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> production is from Pennsylvanian (46%) and Permian (41%) reservoirs; Mississippian reservoirs account for 10% production, and lower Paleozoic reservoirs, 3%. The largest play by far is the Wolfcampian Shallow Shelf Carbonate-Hugoton Embayment play with 25 tcf cumulative production, most of which is from the Hugoton and Panoma fields in Kansas and Guymon-Hugoton gas area in Oklahoma. A total of 53% of the mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> gas production is from dolostone and limestone reservoirs; 39% is from sandstone reservoirs. The remaining 8% is from chert conglomerate and granite-wash reservoirs. Geologically based plays established from the distribution of major gas reservoirs provide important support for the extension of productive trends, application of new resource technology to more efficient field development, and further exploration in the mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> region.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bebout, D.G. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">274</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014BGeo...11.2909Z"> <span id="translatedtitle">Extreme events in gross primary production: a characterization across <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Climate extremes can affect the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, for instance via a reduction of the photosynthetic capacity or alterations of respiratory processes. Yet the dominant regional and seasonal effects of hydrometeorological extremes are still not well documented and in the focus of this paper. Specifically, we quantify and characterize the role of large spatiotemporal extreme events in gross primary production (GPP) as triggers of continental anomalies. We also investigate seasonal dynamics of extreme impacts on continental GPP anomalies. We find that the 50 largest positive extremes (i.e., statistically unusual increases in carbon uptake rates) and negative extremes (i.e., statistically unusual decreases in carbon uptake rates) on each <span class="hlt">continent</span> can explain most of the continental variation in GPP, which is in line with previous results obtained at the global scale. We show that negative extremes are larger than positive ones and demonstrate that this asymmetry is particularly strong in South America and Europe. Our analysis indicates that the overall impacts and the spatial extents of GPP extremes are power-law distributed with exponents that vary little across <span class="hlt">continents</span>. Moreover, we show that on all <span class="hlt">continents</span> and for all data sets the spatial extents play a more important role for the overall impact of GPP extremes compared to the durations or maximal GPP. An analysis of possible causes across <span class="hlt">continents</span> indicates that most negative extremes in GPP can be attributed clearly to water scarcity, whereas extreme temperatures play a secondary role. However, for Europe, South America and Oceania we also identify fire as an important driver. Our findings are consistent with remote sensing products. An independent validation against a literature survey on specific extreme events supports our results to a large extent.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zscheischler, J.; Reichstein, M.; Harmeling, S.; Rammig, A.; Tomelleri, E.; Mahecha, M. D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">275</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014BGD....11.1869Z"> <span id="translatedtitle">Extreme events in gross primary production: a characterization across <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Climate extremes can affect the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, for instance via a reduction of the photosynthetic capacity or alterations of respiratory processes. Yet the dominant regional and seasonal effects of hydrometeorological extremes are still not well documented. Here we quantify and characterize the role of large spatiotemporal extreme events in gross primary production (GPP) as triggers of continental anomalies. We also investigate seasonal dynamics of extreme impacts on continental GPP anomalies. We find that the 50 largest positive (increase in uptake) and negative extremes (decrease in uptake) on each <span class="hlt">continent</span> can explain most of the continental variation in GPP, which is in line with previous results obtained at the global scale. We show that negative extremes are larger than positive ones and demonstrate that this asymmetry is particularly strong in South America and Europe. Most extremes in GPP start in early summer. Our analysis indicates that the overall impacts and the spatial extents of GPP extremes are power law distributed with exponents that vary little across <span class="hlt">continents</span>. Moreover, we show that on all <span class="hlt">continents</span> and for all data sets the spatial extents play a more important role than durations or maximal GPP anomaly when it comes to the overall impact of GPP extremes. An analysis of possible causes implies that across <span class="hlt">continents</span> most extremes in GPP can best be explained by water scarcity rather than by extreme temperatures. However, for Europe, South America and Oceania we identify also fire as an important driver. Our findings are consistent with remote sensing products. An independent validation against a literature survey on specific extreme events supports our results to a large extent.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zscheischler, J.; Mahecha, M. D.; Harmeling, S.; Rammig, A.; Tomelleri, E.; Reichstein, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">276</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://georoc.mpch-mainz.gwdg.de/georoc/Start.asp"> <span id="translatedtitle">GEOROC: Geochemistry of Rocks of the Oceans and <span class="hlt">Continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Maintained by the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, the Geochemistry of Rocks of the Oceans and <span class="hlt">Continents</span> database (GEOROC) contains about 70,000 sample analyses. These include whole rock, mineral, and inclusion data from seven tectonic settings such as convergent margins, oceanic plateaus, and ocean islands. The database can be queried by several criteria including a handy precompiled file compilation, which can be downloaded for further examination.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">277</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.polymtl.ca/si/service/telephonie/WebDocuments/UtilUnityV7.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sige social sur le <span class="hlt">continent</span> amricain Cisco Systems, Inc.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Siège social sur le <span class="hlt">continent</span> américain Cisco Systems, Inc. 170 West Tasman Drive San Jose, CA 95134-1706 Ã?tats-Unis http://www.cisco.com Tél. : +1 408 526-4000 +1 800 553-NETS (6387) Fax : +1 408 527-0883 Guide de l'utilisateur de l'Outil Web Cisco Unity Connection Interface téléphonique Version 7</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Skorobogatiy, Maksim</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">278</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=employee+AND+turnover&pg=4&id=EJ882965"> <span id="translatedtitle">How Do People Make <span class="hlt">Continence</span> Care Happen? An Analysis of Organizational Culture in Two Nursing Homes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose: Although nursing homes (NHs) are criticized for offering poor quality <span class="hlt">continence</span> care, little is known about the organizational processes that underlie this care. This study investigated the influence of organizational culture on <span class="hlt">continence</span> care practices in two NHs. Design and Methods: This ethnographic study explored <span class="hlt">continence</span> care…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lyons, Stacie Salsbury</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">279</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.marine.csiro.au/~mar75h/Marshall_CoE_MC2013_forweb.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">CoE Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> Workshop 4-5 December 2013</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">CoE Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> Workshop 4-5 December 2013 Tropical prediction: the MJO and the Maritime for MJO over Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span>...SST/convection phasing? (TBC) MJO responds better to intra Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> / warm pool?) Explore model improvements for ACCESS and their impact on prediction</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Marshall, Andrew</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">280</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://si-pddr.si.edu/dspace/bitstream/10088/9615/1/ent_Agnarsson_et_al_2009_ShiftingContinents.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Shifting <span class="hlt">continents</span>, not behaviours: independent colonization of solitary and subsocial Anelosimus spider</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Shifting <span class="hlt">continents</span>, not behaviours: independent colonization of solitary and subsocial Anelosimus-6409.2009.00406.x Agnarsson, I., Kuntner, M., Coddington, J. A. & Blackledge, T. A. (2009). Shifting <span class="hlt">continents</span> was a sister relationship of Malagasy fauna to taxa from the African <span class="hlt">continent</span>, and that most Malagasy lineages</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mathis, Wayne N.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_14 div --> <div id="page_15" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">281</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://rses.anu.edu.au/~nick/teachdoc/papers/Shulding_etal_GRL2009.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sunda-Banda arc transition: Incipient <span class="hlt">continent</span>-island arc collision (northwest Australia)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Sunda-Banda arc transition: Incipient <span class="hlt">continent</span>-island arc collision (northwest Australia) A stages of <span class="hlt">continent</span>-arc collision can be studied. We studied along the western limit of the collision be characteristic of young collisional systems at the transition from oceanic subduction to <span class="hlt">continent</span>-arc collision</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rawlinson, Nick</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">282</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gfd.geophys.ethz.ch/~pjt/papers/Rolf2011GRL_PlateTectCont.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Focussing of stress by <span class="hlt">continents</span> in 3D spherical mantle convection with selfconsistent plate tectonics</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Focussing of stress by <span class="hlt">continents</span> in 3D spherical mantle convection with selfconsistent plate; published 16 September 2011. [1] Previous mantle convection studies with <span class="hlt">continents</span> have revealed a firstorder influence of <span class="hlt">continents</span> on mantle flow, as they affect convective wavelength and surface heat loss</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tackley, Paul J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">283</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://seismo.berkeley.edu/~manga/lenardicetal2005.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Continental insulation, mantle cooling, and the surface area of oceans and <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Continental insulation, mantle cooling, and the surface area of oceans and <span class="hlt">continents</span> A. Lenardica May 2005 Abstract It is generally assumed that <span class="hlt">continents</span>, acting as thermal insulation above. If <span class="hlt">continents</span> are produced in subduction settings this could enhance continental growth up to a critical point</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Manga, Michael</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">284</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/58/38/49/PDF/J._geophys._Res._2007_GrignA_-1.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Convection under a lid of finite conductivity: Heat flux scaling and application to <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Convection under a lid of finite conductivity: Heat flux scaling and application to <span class="hlt">continents</span> C of the dichotomy between oceans and <span class="hlt">continents</span>, which imposes heterogeneous thermal boundary conditions and <span class="hlt">continents</span> represented by nondeformable lids of finite thermal conductivity set above the surface</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paris-Sud XI, Université de</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">285</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30416353"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Malone Antegrade <span class="hlt">Continence</span> Enema for Neurogenic and Structural Fecal Incontinence and Constipation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Problems of fecal elimination are commonly encountered by the pediatric urologist and surgeon. The Malone antegrade <span class="hlt">continence</span> enema has been described as a means to administer a large volume enema via a <span class="hlt">continent</span> catheterizable appendicocecostomy, resulting in reliable fecal elimination. Of 22 patients undergoing this procedure 16 reported total <span class="hlt">continence</span> 4 months or longer after surgery. Complications are relatively minor</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Martin A. Koyle; Devonna M. Kaji; Manuel Duque; Jodi Wild</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">286</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://faculty.nps.edu/cpchang/papers/Annual_Cycle_SEA-MC_Monsoon.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Annual Cycle of Southeast Asia -Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> Rainfall and the Asymmetric Monsoon Transition</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Annual Cycle of Southeast Asia - Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> Rainfall and the Asymmetric Monsoon Transition Peninsula and Philippines are in the Asian summer monsoon regime while the Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> experiences part of the Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> where the annual cycle maximum occurs in fall. Analysis of the TRMM data</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chang, Chih-Pei</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">287</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://perso-sdt.univ-brest.fr/~jacdev/ens/the2_collision.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">THEME 2 : MODIFICATIONS DU <span class="hlt">CONTINENT</span> ASIE AU COURS DE LA COLLISION</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">THEME 2 : MODIFICATIONS DU <span class="hlt">CONTINENT</span> ASIE AU COURS DE LA COLLISION 1. La collision Inde questions fondamentales 1) Quelle est la zone de déformation ? Les deux <span class="hlt">continents</span> se déforment grands décrochements dans la déformation Tertiaire du <span class="hlt">continent</span> Asiatique. Fait unique, nous avons pu</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Déverchère, Jacques</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">288</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eebweb.arizona.edu/faculty/saleska/Ecol596L/Readings/vanderEnt1.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Origin and fate of atmospheric moisture over <span class="hlt">continents</span> Rudi J. van der Ent,1</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Origin and fate of atmospheric moisture over <span class="hlt">continents</span> Rudi J. van der Ent,1 Hubert H. G. Savenije the Eurasian <span class="hlt">continent</span> is responsible for 80% of China's water resources. In South America, the Río de la Plata of atmospheric moisture over <span class="hlt">continents</span>, Water Resour. Res., 46, W09525, doi:10.1029/2010WR009127. 1</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Saleska, Scott</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">289</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.theridiidae.com/uploads/6/6/8/0/6680387/agnarssonetal2010_zooscripta_anelosimus.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Shifting <span class="hlt">continents</span>, not behaviours: independent colonization of solitary and subsocial Anelosimus spider</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Shifting <span class="hlt">continents</span>, not behaviours: independent colonization of solitary and subsocial Anelosimus-6409.2009.00406.x Agnarsson, I., Kuntner, M., Coddington, J. A. & Blackledge, T. A. (2010). Shifting <span class="hlt">continents</span> was a sister relationship of Malagasy fauna to taxa from the African <span class="hlt">continent</span>, and that most Malagasy lineages</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Agnarsson, Ingi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">290</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://atmos.seas.harvard.edu/papers/text/2002JD003018.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Toward constraining regional-scale fluxes of CO2 with atmospheric observations over a <span class="hlt">continent</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Toward constraining regional-scale fluxes of CO2 with atmospheric observations over a <span class="hlt">continent</span>: 1 over the <span class="hlt">continent</span>. To provide a global context for these data, we analyzed the GLOBALVIEW marine observations over a <span class="hlt">continent</span>: 1. Observed spatial variability from airborne platforms, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">291</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9738319"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Male and female <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence: treatment in day surgery].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Incontinence isn't itself a disease but the feature of possible <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract alterations or outside of it. Incontinence is frequent above all in the elderly but it can be on charge of both sexes at every age. In Italy, according to recent evaluations, people affected with this disease would be more than 4 millions. Incontinence is therefore an important failure for its health aspects but also for economic and social ones. The problem is to evaluate if incontinence can't be prevented and as consequence needs only an assistance management, or it can be considered a preventable disease able to be cured, as we deeply believe, suggested also by the positive results of new therapeutical procedures, in association with traditional surgery and rehabilitation such as injectables or mini-invasive quick operations such as colpocleisis or percutaneous vaginal colposuspension (PVC), matters of this presentation and always performed according to correct diagnosis and indication. Bovine dermal collagen highly purified, poorly viscous and easily injectable, despite traditional rehabilitation and surgery, is a further procedure, endoscopic and minimally invasive to treat stress incontinence. Collagen is employed to perform a bladder neck plasty, increasing urethrosphincterial competence, to obtain <span class="hlt">continence</span> without the creation of an obstruction. Genital prolapse, that is hysterocolpocele or simple vaginal vault prolapse, has course in high proportion (37%) in elderly (after 80 years). Surgical management of severe failures of <span class="hlt">continence</span> and often also of the voiding function, such as: hyscuria with vesicoureteral reflux, obstinate constipation related to severe genital prolapse with allied rectocele is often hardly performed in elderly owing to the age and general health conditions: colpoclesis is a vaginal surgical approach that can be easily performed by the urologist too, it is an effective alternative to permanent catheterization or maxipad to be offered to the patient to improve her quality of life. In between the above maintained procedures takes place the percutaneous vaginal colposuspension (PVC). It is an original technique made up in our Institute to treat incontinence by the bladder neck resuspension to Cooper ligament according to a complete miniinvasive retropubic tension free transvaginal colposuspension, in local anaesthesia and complementary light narcosis in Day Surgery. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence is today a disturbance easy to be cured thanks to injectables and to miniinvasive surgical procedures as reported in this presentation concerning the most advanced approaches to its management. PMID:9738319</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mantovani, F; Patelli, E; Zanetti, G; Ceresoli, A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">292</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1022035"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infections in children. An update.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infection is a common and frequently recurring condition in children. The susceptibility of the host, the presence of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract abnormalities, and the virulence of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> pathogens are of primary importance in the development of the infection. Renal parenchymal scarring, hypertension, and renal insufficiency are well-established complications of the infection in children. To reduce the risk of renal damage, diagnosis and treatment must be prompt. The diagnosis demands radiologic evaluation of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract in all boys, all children younger than 5 years, all patients with voiding dysfunction, and school-aged girls with recurrent infection to identify those patients with vesicoureteral reflux, obstruction, or other <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract abnormalities. Both voiding cystourethrography and renal ultrasonography are the initial examinations to use to determine the next appropriate study. Children with vesicoureteral reflux or with recurrent <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections should receive prophylactic antibiotic therapy and should be observed closely to prevent renal scarring. PMID:1441497</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zelikovic, I; Adelman, R D; Nancarrow, P A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">293</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3326341"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effect of Increasing Doses of Saw Palmetto on Lower <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract Symptoms: A Randomized Trial</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Context Saw palmetto fruit extracts are widely used for treating lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract symptoms attributed to benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, recent clinical trials have questioned their efficacy, at least at standard doses (320 mg daily). Objective To determine the effect of a saw palmetto extract at up to three times the standard dose on lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract symptoms attributed to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Design Multicenter placebo-controlled randomized trial conducted from June, 2008 through October, 2010. Setting Eleven North American clinical sites. Participants Were men at least 45 years old, with a peak <span class="hlt">urinary</span> flow rate ? 4 ml/sec, an AUA Symptom Index (AUASI) score ? 8 and ? 24, and no exclusions. Interventions One, two, and then three 320 mg daily doses of saw palmetto extract or placebo, with dose increases at 24 and 48 weeks. Main Outcome Measures Primary outcome was the difference in AUASI score from baseline to 72 weeks. Secondary outcomes were measures of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bother; nocturia; uroflow; postvoid residual; prostate-specific antigen; participants’ global assessments; and indices of sexual function, <span class="hlt">continence</span>, sleep quality, and prostatitis symptoms. Results From baseline to 72 weeks, mean AUASI scores decreased from 14.4 to 12.2 points with saw palmetto and from 14.7 to 11.7 points with placebo. The group mean difference in AUASI score change from baseline to 72 weeks between the saw palmetto and placebo groups was 0.79 points favoring placebo (bound of the 95% confidence interval most favorable to saw palmetto was 1.77 points, one-sided P=0.91). Saw palmetto was no more effective than placebo for any secondary outcome. No attributable side effects were identified. Conclusions Increasing doses of a saw palmetto fruit extract did not reduce lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract symptoms more than placebo. (CAMUS study number NCT00603304 http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov) PMID:21954478</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Barry, Michael J.; Meleth, Sreelatha; Lee, Jeannette Y.; Kreder, Karl J.; Avins, Andrew L.; Nickel, J. Curtis; Roehrborn, Claus G.; Crawford, E. David; Foster, Harris E.; Kaplan, Steven A.; McCullough, Andrew; Andriole, Gerald L.; Naslund, Michael J.; Williams, O. Dale; Kusek, John W.; Meyers, Catherine M.; Betz, Joseph M.; Cantor, Alan; McVary, Kevin T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">294</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29248530"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> angiotensinogen loss in chronic proteinuric glomerulonephritis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> angiotensinogen loss, transferrinuria and transferrin clearance, gamma G globulinuria and gamma G clearance, and the selectivity of proteinuria have been evaluated in 10 patients affected by proteinuric renal diseases. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> angiotensinogen concentration appeared to be very small in all cases (0.80±0.63 s.d. ng\\/ml). The absence of correlation between the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> loss of angiotensinogen and the loss and the clearance</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">S. Favaro; B. Baggio; A. Castellani; A. Corsini; A. Antonello; S. Todesco; A. Borsatti</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1972-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">295</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28606157"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Diversion for Incontinence in Women</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">:   <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence is a common condition affecting up to 50% of the female population, but only a third seek medical help.\\u000a Although the majority of these are satisfactorily managed with conservative or conventional surgical treatment, 10%–15% continue\\u000a to remain incontinent despite intervention. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> diversion is a management option for this group. The different techniques\\u000a of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> diversion, their results,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">V. Natarajan; G. Singh</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">296</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3370320"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cranberries and lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection prevention</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections are very common diseases. Recurrent <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections remain challenging to treat because the main treatment option is long-term antibiotic prophylaxis; however, this poses a risk for the emergence of bacterial resistance. Some options to avoid this risk are available, including the use of cranberry products. This article reviews the key methods in using cranberries as a preventive measure for lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections, including in vitro studies and clinical trials. PMID:22760907</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hisano, Marcelo; Bruschini, Homero; Nicodemo, Antonio Carlos; Srougi, Miguel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">297</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29178497"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> NMP22 and renal cell carcinoma</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objectives. To demonstrate the incidence of positive <span class="hlt">urinary</span> nuclear matrix protein 22 (NMP22) values associated with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) of the kidney. Currently, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> NMP22 is used to detect recurrent transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.Methods. From May 1997 to March 1998, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> NMP22 values were obtained from 65 patients who had undergone either computed tomography scanning of the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Samuel Huang; Eugene Rhee; Hetal Patel; Eunhee Park; Jon Kaswick</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">298</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25307986"> <span id="translatedtitle">Female <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence: effective treatment strategies.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence is a dysfunction that tremendously affects women's quality of life, involving social, emotional and economic aspects. Although various treatments for <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence have been described, it is important to know which of them are truly effective. This review seeks to determine the current available therapies for women with stress <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence and overactive bladder syndrome, based on the best scientific evidence. PMID:25307986</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Castro, R A; Arruda, R M; Bortolini, M A T</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">299</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3092501"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sexual function before and after non-surgical treatment for stress <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objectives (1) to describe sexual function in women seeking treatment of stress <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence (SUI); (2) to compare the impact on sexual function of three SUI treatments; and (3) to investigate whether non-surgical treatment of SUI is associated with improved sexual function. Methods Women with SUI were randomized to <span class="hlt">continence</span> pessary, behavioral therapy (pelvic floor muscle training and <span class="hlt">continence</span> strategies), or combination therapy. Sexual function was assessed at baseline and 3-months using short forms of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse-<span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence Sexual Function Questionnaire (PISQ-12) and the Personal Experiences Questionnaire (SPEQ). Successful treatment of SUI was assessed with a patient global impression of improvement. ANOVA was used to compare scores between groups. Results At baseline, sexual function was worse among women with mixed incontinence compared to those with pure SUI. After therapy, successful treatment of SUI was associated with greater improvement in PISQ-12 score (2.26 ± 3.24 versus 0.48 ± 3.76, p=0.0007), greater improvement in incontinence with sexual activity (0.45 ± 0.84 versus 0.01 ± 0.71, p=0.0002), and greater reduction in restriction in sexual activity related to fear of incontinence (0.32 ± 0.76 versus ?0.06 ± 0.78, p=0.0008). Among those successfully treated for SUI, improvement in <span class="hlt">continence</span> during sexual activity was greater in both the combined therapy group (p=0.019) and the behavioral group (p=0.02) compared to the pessary group. Conclusions Successful non-surgical treatment of SUI is associated with improvements in incontinence-specific measures of sexual function. Behavioral therapy may be preferred to pessary for treatment of SUI among women whose incontinence interferes with sexual function. PMID:21572534</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Handa, Victoria L.; Whitcomb, Emily; Weidner, Alison C.; Nygaard, Ingrid; Brubaker, Linda; Bradley, Catherine S.; Paraiso, Marie Fidela R.; Schaffer, Joseph; Zyczynski, Halina M.; Zhang, Min; Richter, Holly E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">300</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3812516"> <span id="translatedtitle">Regenerative medicine based applications to combat stress <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Stress <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence (SUI), as an isolated symptom, is not a life threatening condition. However, the fear of unexpected urine leakage contributes to a significant decline in quality of life parameters for afflicted patients. Compared to other forms of incontinence, SUI cannot be easily treated with pharmacotherapy since it is inherently an anatomic problem. Treatment options include the use of bio-injectable materials to enhance closing pressures, and the placement of slings to bolster fascial support to the urethra. However, histologic findings of degeneration in the incontinent urethral sphincter invite the use of tissues engineering strategies to regenerate structures that aid in promoting <span class="hlt">continence</span>. In this review, we will assess the role of stem cells in restoring multiple anatomic and physiological aspects of the sphincter. In particular, mesenchymal stem cells and CD34+ cells have shown great promise to differentiate into muscular and vascular components, respectively. Evidence supporting the use of cytokines and growth factors such as hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha, vascular endothelial growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor and insulin-like growth factor further enhance the viability and direction of differentiation. Bridging the benefits of stem cells and growth factors involves the use of synthetic scaffolds like poly (1,8-octanediol-co-citrate) (POC) thin films. POC scaffolds are synthetic, elastomeric polymers that serve as substrates for cell growth, and upon degradation, release growth factors to the microenvironment in a controlled, predictable fashion. The combination of cellular, cytokine and scaffold elements aims to address the pathologic deficits to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence, with a goal to improve patient symptoms and overall quality of life. PMID:24179600</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thaker, Hatim; Sharma, Arun K</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_15 div --> <div id="page_16" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">301</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25603747"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effectiveness of a program of therapeutic exercises on the quality of life and lumbar disability in women with Stress <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Stress <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence (SUI) is a common condition and can cause social isolation and decreased quality of life. The literature demonstrates that perineal exercises are effective in promoting <span class="hlt">urinary</span> <span class="hlt">continence</span> and lumbar stability. This uncontrolled (group) pilot study, using a pre-test-post-test design, investigated whether a weekly session of Holistic Gymnastics(®) conducted during a one-year period, could change outcomes in a group of twenty women diagnosed with SUI. In the first and last evaluation, the subjects underwent a clinical examination and were asked to complete two questionnaires, one regarding quality of life and the other about lumbar disability. Improvement in the quality of life was observed in nine out of ten domains. There was also an improvement in lumbar disability. These results suggest that a program with therapeutic exercises can be effective in controlling <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence and improve the quality of life and lumbar disability in woman with SUI. PMID:25603747</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lacombe, Adriana de Carvalho; Riccobene, Virginia Martello; Nogueira, Leandro Alberto Calazans</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">302</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2875701"> <span id="translatedtitle">Approach to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infection (UTI) is the most common infection experienced by humans after respiratory and gastro-intestinal infections, and also the most common cause of both community-acquired and nosocomial infections for patients admitted to hospitals. For better management and prognosis, it is mandatory to know the possible site of infection, whether the infection is uncomplicated or complicated, re-infection or relapse, or treatment failure and its pathogenesis and risk factors. Asymptomatic bacteriuria is common in certain age groups and has different connotations. It needs to be treated and completely cured in pregnant women and preschool children. Reflux nephropathy in children could result in chronic kidney disease; otherwise, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections do not play a major role in the pathogenesis of end-stage renal disease. Symptomatic <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections occur most commonly in women of child-bearing age. Cystitis predominates, but needs to be distinguished from acute urethral syndrome that affects both sexes and has a different management plan than UTIs. The prostatitis symptoms are much more common than bacterial prostatic infections. The treatment needs to be prolonged in bacterial prostatitis and as cure rates are not very high and relapses are common, the classification of prostatitis needs to be understood. The consensus conference convened by National Institute of Health added two more groups of patients, namely, chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis, in addition to acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis. Although white blood cells in urine signify inflammation, they do not always signify UTI. Quantitative cultures of urine provide definitive evidence of UTI. Imaging studies should be done 3-6 weeks after cure of acute infection to identify abnormalities predisposing to infection or renal damage or which may affect management. Treatment of cystitis in women should be a three-day course and if symptoms are prolonged, then a seven day course of antibiotics should be given. Selected group of patients benefits from low-dose prophylactic therapy. Upper <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection may need in-patient treatment. Treatment of acute prostatitis is 30-day therapy of appropriate antibiotics and for chronic bacterial prostatitis a low dose therapy for 6-12 months may be required. It should be noted that no attempt should be made to eradicate infection unless foreign bodies such as stones and catheters are removed and correctable urological abnormalities are taken care of. Treatment under such circumstances can result only in the emergence of resistant organisms and complicate therapy further. PMID:20535247</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Najar, M. S.; Saldanha, C. L.; Banday, K. A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">303</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20535247"> <span id="translatedtitle">Approach to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infection (UTI) is the most common infection experienced by humans after respiratory and gastro-intestinal infections, and also the most common cause of both community-acquired and nosocomial infections for patients admitted to hospitals. For better management and prognosis, it is mandatory to know the possible site of infection, whether the infection is uncomplicated or complicated, re-infection or relapse, or treatment failure and its pathogenesis and risk factors. Asymptomatic bacteriuria is common in certain age groups and has different connotations. It needs to be treated and completely cured in pregnant women and preschool children. Reflux nephropathy in children could result in chronic kidney disease; otherwise, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections do not play a major role in the pathogenesis of end-stage renal disease. Symptomatic <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections occur most commonly in women of child-bearing age. Cystitis predominates, but needs to be distinguished from acute urethral syndrome that affects both sexes and has a different management plan than UTIs. The prostatitis symptoms are much more common than bacterial prostatic infections. The treatment needs to be prolonged in bacterial prostatitis and as cure rates are not very high and relapses are common, the classification of prostatitis needs to be understood. The consensus conference convened by National Institute of Health added two more groups of patients, namely, chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis, in addition to acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis. Although white blood cells in urine signify inflammation, they do not always signify UTI. Quantitative cultures of urine provide definitive evidence of UTI. Imaging studies should be done 3-6 weeks after cure of acute infection to identify abnormalities predisposing to infection or renal damage or which may affect management. Treatment of cystitis in women should be a three-day course and if symptoms are prolonged, then a seven day course of antibiotics should be given. Selected group of patients benefits from low-dose prophylactic therapy. Upper <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection may need in-patient treatment. Treatment of acute prostatitis is 30-day therapy of appropriate antibiotics and for chronic bacterial prostatitis a low dose therapy for 6-12 months may be required. It should be noted that no attempt should be made to eradicate infection unless foreign bodies such as stones and catheters are removed and correctable urological abnormalities are taken care of. Treatment under such circumstances can result only in the emergence of resistant organisms and complicate therapy further. PMID:20535247</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Najar, M S; Saldanha, C L; Banday, K A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">304</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25677232"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mixed <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence: what first?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Mixed <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence (MUI) is the involuntary loss of urine associated with the sensation of urgency and also with exertion, effort, sneezing, or coughing. The underlying cause of MUI is poorly understood. Without clearly understanding the pathophysiological and anatomical changes associated with MUI, treatment is often misdirected. This review presents an analysis of the most recent studies and pathophysiological mechanisms thought to be associated with MUI-related voiding dysfunction. A suggested algorithm is provided for the workup of these women with a review of medical and surgical treatment options used to treat MUI. PMID:25677232</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bandukwala, Nazia Q; Gousse, Angelo E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">305</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17058673"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Urodynamics of artificial <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Radical cystectomy with creation of orthotopic reservoir from various segments of gastrointestinal tract was made in 120 patients (99 males, 21 females, age 37-74 years) with muscular-invasive cancer of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder (UB) in 1996-2004. Replacement of UB was made according to the Studer and Hautmann method in 38 and 27 patients, respectively. S-cystoplasty was performed in 31 patients. The gastric segment was used for creation of the reservoir in 24 patients. Three patients died. Three to twelve month follow-up recorded the best functional results in patients after Studer cystoplasty. PMID:17058673</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Komiakov, B K; Fadeev, V A; Novikov, A I; Zuban', O N; Atmadzhev, D N; Sergeev, A V; Kirichenko, O A; Burlaka, O O</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">306</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://jaeger.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/msandifo/Publications/Manuscripts/Manuscripts/2010_TAG.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">A slow divorce: tectonic signals in an ancient <span class="hlt">continent</span> Australia is a <span class="hlt">continent</span> of ancient cratonic rocks, at least two-thirds of which formed</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Feature A slow divorce: tectonic signals in an ancient <span class="hlt">continent</span> Australia is a <span class="hlt">continent</span> significantly expressed in its longer-term landscape evolution. A slow divorce Newer research indicates-year-long dalliance with India is coming to an end in a kind of grand plate-tectonic `divorce'. In tectonic terms</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sandiford, Mike</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">307</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5661281"> <span id="translatedtitle">Structural aspects of Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> rift system in Kansas</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Humboldt fault zone and the faulted Abilene anticline are among many prominent north-northeast to south-southwest-trending structures in northeastern Kansas that occur in Paleozoic rocks as a result of renewed movement of faults associated with the Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> rift system (MRS). The Humboldt fault zone consists of a number of anastomosing fault segments with high-angle, normal or reverse displacements of up to 600 m. Most of this movement occurred during the Late Mississippian to Early Pennsylvanian. Domal culminations, some of which bear oil, and rhomboid-shaped grabens, are recognized.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Berendsen, P.; Newell, K.D.; Blair, K.P. (Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (USA))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">308</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19820014753&hterms=continent&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dcontinent"> <span id="translatedtitle">MAGSAT and aeromagnetic data in the North American <span class="hlt">continent</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Problems were encountered in deriving a proper reference field to be subtracted from the aeromagnetic data obtained from Project MAGNET. Field models tried thus far do not seem to eliminate properly the main field. The MAGSAT data in the North American <span class="hlt">continent</span> for the period November 1 to December 22, 1979 are being compiled and compared with MAGNET data. Efforts are being made to eliminate the orbital bias errors. A computer program was developed and successfully tested which computes a topographic profile of the Curie depth isotherm which fits best to the observed vector or scalar field magnetic data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">309</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6771108"> <span id="translatedtitle">[A technique for <span class="hlt">continent</span> feeding jejunostomy (author's transl)].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nutrition is the main problem with inoperable gastroesophageal tumors. In 15 mongrel dogs the topmost jejunal loop was disconnected in a 'y' shape after Roux and diverted outwards, the small intestine anastomosed end-to-side. A sphincter plastic made of autologous small intestine muscles after the Würzburg method was wrapped as a sleeve around the thigh diverted to the epigastrium. The jejunostomy was absolutely <span class="hlt">continent</span>; the dogs could be fed an elementary diet by means of a probe without their loss of weight or malaise. The mobility and the uncomplicated application signify improvement on the gastric fistula and parenteral feeding. PMID:6771108</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kujath, P; Bruch, H P; Schmidt, E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">310</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://georoc.mpch-mainz.gwdg.de/georoc/"> <span id="translatedtitle">GEOROC: Geochemistry of Rocks of the Oceans and <span class="hlt">Continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">GEOROC (Geochemistry of Rocks of the Oceans and <span class="hlt">Continents</span>) is intended to become a global geochemical database containing published chemical and isotopic data as well as extensive metadata for rocks, minerals and melt/fluid inclusions. GEOROC currently covers igneous rocks from island arcs, oceanic islands, and large igneous provinces such as seamounts, oceanic plateaus, submarine ridges, and oceanic and continental flood basalts. It contains thousands of entries for whole rock, mineral, and inclusion geochemical data. The database can be searched by bibliography, tectonic setting, geographic coordinates, chemistry, or petrography. The results of a customized query can be directly downloaded in an Excel compatible (comma delimited text) format.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">311</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://medicine.yale.edu/obgyn/urogyn/151_23938_UI-POP_patient_talk.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Female <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Disorders and Pelvic Organ Prolapse</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">of the bladder ("dropping of bladder") Treated with pelvic floor exercises, medication and/or surgery #12;NormalFemale <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Disorders and Pelvic Organ Prolapse Female <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Disorders and Pelvic Organ Prolapse Richard S. Bercik, M.D. Director, Division of Urogynecology & Reconstruction Pelvic Surgery</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lee, Daeyeol</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">312</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31814273"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prospects for Engineering the <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Congenital abnormalities and acquired disorders can lead to organ damage or loss within the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract. For reconstructive purposes, tissue engineering efforts are currently underway for virtually every type of tissue and organ within the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract. Tissue engineering incorporates the fields of cell transplantation, materials science, and engineering for the purpose of creating functional replacement tissue, and requires personnel</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chester J. Koh; Anthony Atala</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">313</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/35284090"> <span id="translatedtitle">Recurrent <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection in women</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recurrent <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections (UTI) are common among young healthy women even though they generally have anatomically and physiologically normal <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tracts. Women with recurrent UTI have an increased susceptibility to vaginal colonization with uropathogens, which is due to a greater propensity for uropathogenic coliforms to adhere to uroepithelial cells. Risk factors for recurrent UTI include sexual intercourse, use of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thomas M Hooton</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">314</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/000393.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infection in children - aftercare</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Symptoms of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection should begin to improve within 1 to 2 days. ... If diagnosed with a <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection (UTI), your child will take antibiotic medicines by mouth at home. These may come as pills, capsules, or a liquid. ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">315</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://iweb.tntech.edu/cabrown/GenBio2/MaintenanceSystems1020mod.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Human Anatomy III: Respiratory, <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> & Digestive</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">1 Human Anatomy III: Respiratory, <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> & Digestive Systems The Respiratory System Major, along with the lower part of the digestive system #12;6 Basic Anatomy of the <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> System Kidneys lie in an aquatic insect larva Basic Anatomy of the Respiratory System I Air enters through the nose Inside nose</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brown, Christopher A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">316</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=75173"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">URINARY</span> MUTAGENICITY AND COLORECTAL ADENOMA RISK</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Abstract We investigated <span class="hlt">urinary</span> mutagenicity and colorectal adenoma risk in a clinic-based, case-control study of currently nonsmoking cases (n = 143) and controls (n = 156). <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> organics were extracted by C18/methanol from 12-h overnight urine samples, and mutagenici...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">317</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=incontinence+AND+management&id=EJ866150"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence: Management and Treatment Options</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence, defined as the involuntary leakage of urine, is a common health problem in both women and men. Children may also suffer from this condition. Management and treatment of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence depends primarily on the specific type of incontinence and the underlying problem causing the leakage for a given patient. Because…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Griebling, Tomas L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">318</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3912819"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lymphoma of the <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Bladder</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background. Lymphoma of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder (LUB) is rare. Aims. To review the literature on LUB. Methods. Various internet databases were used. Results. LUB can be either primary or secondary. The tumour has female predominance; most cases occur in middle-age women. Secondary LUB occurs in 10% to 25% of leukemias/lymphomas and in advanced-stage systemic lymphoma. Less than 100 cases have been reported. MALT typically affects adults older than 60 years; 75% are female. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is also common and may arise from transformation of MALT. LUB presents with haematuria, dysuria, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> frequency, nocturia, and abdominal or back pain. Macroscopic examination of LUBs show large discrete tumours centred in the dome or lateral walls of the bladder. Positive staining of LUB varies by the subtype of lymphoma; B-cell lymphomas are CD20 positive. MALT lymphoma is positively stained for CD20, CD19, and FMC7 and negatively stained for CD5, CD10, and CD11c. LUB stains negatively with Pan-keratin, vimentin, CK20, and CK7. MALT lymphoma exhibits t(11; 18)(q21: 21). Radiotherapy is an effective treatment for the MALT type of LUB with no recurrence. Conclusions. LUB is diagnosed by its characteristic morphology and immunohistochemical characteristics. Radiotherapy is a useful treatment. PMID:24511310</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Venyo, Anthony Kodzo-Grey</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">319</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2938549"> <span id="translatedtitle">Management of male <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The majority of male <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence seen is secondary to sphincter weakness following prostatic surgery. As there is a rising elderly population and increasing numbers of surgical interventions for prostate cancer, incidence of male incontinence is increasing. Hence, management of male incontinence has become a subject of increased interest for urologists. Various non-surgical and surgical approaches have been suggested for this devastating condition. Non-invasive therapies are suggested for early postoperative and mild incontinence. For surgical treatment the artificial <span class="hlt">urinary</span> sphincter is still labeled the gold standard despite the introduction of several more minimally invasive treatments. However, as yet there is no consensus on the optimal timing and best modality for managing these men. Well designed, centrally funded clinical trials are required to establish which treatment modality to offer and when in the broad spectrum of male incontinence. This review focuses mainly on the management of post-prostatectomy incontinence since the management of other types varies little from the modalities of treatment in women. PMID:20877603</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Moore, Katie C.; Lucas, Malcolm G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">320</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8258772"> <span id="translatedtitle">Spinal morphine anesthesia and <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Spinal anesthetic is a common form of surgical anesthetic used in foot and ankle surgery. Spinal morphine anesthetic is less common, but has the advantage of providing postoperative analgesia for 12 to 24 hr. A number of complications can occur with spinal anesthesia, including <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention that may be a source of severe and often prolonged discomfort and pain for the patient. Management of this problem may require repeated bladder catheterization, which may lead to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections or impairment of urethrovesicular function. This study reviews the incidence of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention in 80 patients (40 after general anesthesia and 40 after spinal anesthesia) who underwent foot and ankle surgery at Saint Joseph's Hospital, Philadelphia, PA. Twenty-five percent of the patients who had spinal anesthesia experienced <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention, while only 7 1/2% of the group who had general anesthesia had this complication. Predisposing factors, treatment regimen, and recommendations for the prevention and management of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention are presented. PMID:8258772</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mahan, K T; Wang, J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_16 div --> <div id="page_17" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">321</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3921771"> <span id="translatedtitle">Stem cells for <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract regeneration</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Regeneration of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder is a complicated task, due to organ dimensions and diseases (cancer, interstitial cystitis) when autologous bladder cells cannot be used. Cancer is the most frequent indication for bladder removal (cystectomy). Stem cells can be used with the guarantee of the sufficient cell number for the in vitro construction of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder wall. Tissue engineering techniques hold great promise for regeneration of dysfunctional <span class="hlt">urinary</span> sphincter. Denervation following surgical procedures or injuries results in weakness of the urethral sphincter and stress <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence. Injectable therapies and the potential of stem cells for sphincter restoration was presented in this review. The aim of this review was to present possibilities of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder regeneration with the use of stem cells and tissue engineering techniques. PMID:24578913</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Drewa, Tomasz; Joachimiak, Romana; Marsza?ek, Andrzej; Gagat, Maciej; Grzanka, Alina</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">322</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3152833"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract Infections Associated with Candida albicans</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">ABSTRACT Objectives: Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen which causes <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract candidiasis in humans. In this research, we tried to find out the frequency of the <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract Infections associated with Candida albicans in patients who referred to Central Laboratory of Dr. Shariati Hospital, during 2 years (April 2006- April 2008). Materials and Methods: According to the archived recorded data, the questionnaires were filled out. At the end of this retrospective research, the statistical tests of Chi Square were operated through SPSS software version 15. Outcomes: The results showed that, the <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract Infections associated with Candida albicans included 6.8% of patients. The remaining 93.2% of <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract Infections had related to bacterial pathogens. Conclusions: The statistical analyses confirmed the significant association between <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract Infections caused by Candida albicans and female gender (P<0.05). PMID:21977170</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Behzadi, Payam; Behzadi, Elham; Yazdanbod, Hodjjat; Aghapour, Roghiyyeh; Akbari Cheshmeh, Mahboubeh; Salehian Omran, Djaafar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">323</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4234472"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Calprotectin and Posttransplant Renal Allograft Injury</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective Current methods do not predict the acute renal allograft injury immediately after kidney transplantation. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> calprotectin for predicting immediate posttransplant allograft injury. Methods In a multicenter, prospective-cohort study of 144 incipient renal transplant recipients, we postoperatively measured <span class="hlt">urinary</span> calprotectin using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) after 4 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months. Results We observed a significant inverse association of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> calprotectin concentrations and eGFR 4 weeks after transplantation (Spearman r?=??0.33; P<0.001). Compared to the lowest quartile, patients in the highest quartile of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> calprotectin had an increased risk for an eGFR less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 four weeks after transplantation (relative risk, 4.3; P<0.001; sensitivity, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.77 to 0.98; specificity, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.31 to 0.66). Higher <span class="hlt">urinary</span> calprotectin concentrations predicted impaired kidney function 4 weeks after transplantation, as well as 6 months and 12 months after transplantation. When data were analyzed using the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> calprotectin/creatinine-ratio similar results were obtained. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> calprotectin was superior to current use of absolute change of plasma creatinine to predict allograft function 12 months after transplantation. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> calprotectin predicted an increased risk both in transplants from living and deceased donors. Multivariate linear regression showed that higher <span class="hlt">urinary</span> calprotectin concentrations and older donor age predicted lower eGFR four weeks, 6 months, and 12 months after transplantation. Conclusions <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> calprotectin is an early, noninvasive predictor of immediate renal allograft injury after kidney transplantation. PMID:25402277</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bistrup, Claus; Marcussen, Niels; Pagonas, Nikolaos; Seibert, Felix S.; Arndt, Robert; Zidek, Walter; Westhoff, Timm H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">324</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4104886"> <span id="translatedtitle">Archean komatiite volcanism controlled by the evolution of early <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The generation and evolution of Earth’s continental crust has played a fundamental role in the development of the planet. Its formation modified the composition of the mantle, contributed to the establishment of the atmosphere, and led to the creation of ecological niches important for early life. Here we show that in the Archean, the formation and stabilization of <span class="hlt">continents</span> also controlled the location, geochemistry, and volcanology of the hottest preserved lavas on Earth: komatiites. These magmas typically represent 50–30% partial melting of the mantle and subsequently record important information on the thermal and chemical evolution of the Archean–Proterozoic Earth. As a result, it is vital to constrain and understand the processes that govern their localization and emplacement. Here, we combined Lu-Hf isotopes and U-Pb geochronology to map the four-dimensional evolution of the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia, and reveal the progressive development of an Archean microcontinent. Our results show that in the early Earth, relatively small crustal blocks, analogous to modern microplates, progressively amalgamated to form larger continental masses, and eventually the first cratons. This cratonization process drove the hottest and most voluminous komatiite eruptions to the edge of established continental blocks. The dynamic evolution of the early <span class="hlt">continents</span> thus directly influenced the addition of deep mantle material to the Archean crust, oceans, and atmosphere, while also providing a fundamental control on the distribution of major magmatic ore deposits. PMID:24958873</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mole, David R.; Fiorentini, Marco L.; Thebaud, Nicolas; Cassidy, Kevin F.; McCuaig, T. Campbell; Kirkland, Christopher L.; Romano, Sandra S.; Doublier, Michael P.; Belousova, Elena A.; Barnes, Stephen J.; Miller, John</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">325</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1015731"> <span id="translatedtitle">Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange across biomes and <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Understanding the relationships between climate and carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems is critical to predict future levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide because of the potential accelerating effects of positive climate carbon cycle feedbacks. However, directly observed relationships between climate and terrestrial CO2 exchange with the atmosphere across biomes and <span class="hlt">continents</span> are lacking. Here we present data describing the relationships between net ecosystem exchange of carbon (NEE) and climate factors as measured using the eddy covariance method at 125 unique sites in various ecosystems over six <span class="hlt">continents</span> with a total of 559 site-years. We find that NEE observed at eddy covariance sites is (1) a strong function of mean annual temperature at mid- and high-latitudes, (2) a strong function of dryness at mid- and low-latitudes, and (3) a function of both temperature and dryness around the mid-latitudinal belt (45 N). The sensitivity of NEE to mean annual temperature breaks down at ~ 16 C (a threshold value of mean annual temperature), above which no further increase of CO2 uptake with temperature was observed and dryness influence overrules temperature influence.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ricciuto, Daniel M [ORNL; Gu, Lianhong [ORNL</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">326</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8536773"> <span id="translatedtitle">Bladder neck preservation following radical prostatectomy: <span class="hlt">continence</span> and margins.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Between December 1991 and January 1994, 134 patients underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy with bladder neck preservation. Forty-nine patients had a positive margin. Number and location of positive margins were analyzed. A tumor was identified at the bladder neck in 10 cases (7.5%). In all 10 patients with bladder neck involvement, a tumor was also identified at multiple other sites. These data suggest that preservation of the bladder neck during radical prostatectomy does not appear to compromise the efficacy of the procedure. Using a self-administered patient questionnaire, we evaluated the effect of bladder neck preservation upon <span class="hlt">continence</span> in 36 patients. At the initial 3-month follow-up, 24 (67%) patients did not wear any pads. Another 7 (19%) wore pads occasionally, while 5 (14%) patients wore pads daily. To date only 1 of the 134 patients has developed an anastomotic stricture. Bladder neck preservation may aid in an earlier return of <span class="hlt">continence</span> following radical prostatectomy and reduces anastomotic strictures. It does not appear to compromise the removal of the cancer. PMID:8536773</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Braslis, K G; Petsch, M; Lim, A; Civantos, F; Soloway, M S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">327</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/425913"> <span id="translatedtitle">Petroleum geology and hydrocarbon exploration in the <span class="hlt">continent</span> of China</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The geological structure of the <span class="hlt">continent</span> of China, which is formed by the amalgamation of three small-sized paleocratons and their peripheral orogenic belts, is very complex. Six big sedimentary basins developed on it: four of them are composite basins on the paleocratons; the other two basins are superimposed on the orogenic belts. In addition, there are a large number of small to middle-sized non-marine sedimentary basins. Up to now, the proved geological reserves in the <span class="hlt">continent</span> of China are: oil, above 16 billion tons; natural gas, 1000 billion cubic meters. Last year, the annual oil output was more than 140 million tons; natural gas output reached 16 billion cubic meters. The six big basins are still the major exploration potential area. On the other hand, a lot of small to middle-sized reservoirs will be discovered in the small to middle-sized non-marine basins and coal-bearing basins in North China. Qiang Tang Basin and coalbed gas are two favorable frontiers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Xiaoguang Tong [China National Oil and Gas Exploration and Development Corp., Beijing (China)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-12-31</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">328</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24958873"> <span id="translatedtitle">Archean komatiite volcanism controlled by the evolution of early <span class="hlt">continents</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The generation and evolution of Earth's continental crust has played a fundamental role in the development of the planet. Its formation modified the composition of the mantle, contributed to the establishment of the atmosphere, and led to the creation of ecological niches important for early life. Here we show that in the Archean, the formation and stabilization of <span class="hlt">continents</span> also controlled the location, geochemistry, and volcanology of the hottest preserved lavas on Earth: komatiites. These magmas typically represent 50-30% partial melting of the mantle and subsequently record important information on the thermal and chemical evolution of the Archean-Proterozoic Earth. As a result, it is vital to constrain and understand the processes that govern their localization and emplacement. Here, we combined Lu-Hf isotopes and U-Pb geochronology to map the four-dimensional evolution of the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia, and reveal the progressive development of an Archean microcontinent. Our results show that in the early Earth, relatively small crustal blocks, analogous to modern microplates, progressively amalgamated to form larger continental masses, and eventually the first cratons. This cratonization process drove the hottest and most voluminous komatiite eruptions to the edge of established continental blocks. The dynamic evolution of the early <span class="hlt">continents</span> thus directly influenced the addition of deep mantle material to the Archean crust, oceans, and atmosphere, while also providing a fundamental control on the distribution of major magmatic ore deposits. PMID:24958873</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mole, David R; Fiorentini, Marco L; Thebaud, Nicolas; Cassidy, Kevin F; McCuaig, T Campbell; Kirkland, Christopher L; Romano, Sandra S; Doublier, Michael P; Belousova, Elena A; Barnes, Stephen J; Miller, John</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-07-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">329</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6858655"> <span id="translatedtitle">Petroleum geology and hydrocarbon exploration in the <span class="hlt">continent</span> of China</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The geological structure of the <span class="hlt">continent</span> of China, which is formed by the amalgamation of three small-sized paleocratons and their peripheral orogenic belts, is very complex. Six big sedimentary basins developed on it: four of them are composite basins on the paleocratons; the other two basins are superimposed on the orogenic belts. In addition, there are a large number of small to middle-sized non-marine sedimentary basins. Up to now, the proved geological reserves in the <span class="hlt">continent</span> of China are: oil, above 16 billion tons; natural gas, 1000 billion cubic meters. Last year, the annual oil output was more than 140 million tons; natural gas output reached 16 billion cubic meters. The six big basins are still the major exploration potential area. On the other hand, a lot of small to middle-sized reservoirs will be discovered in the small to middle-sized non-marine basins and coal-bearing basins in North China. Qiang Tang Basin and coalbed gas are two favorable frontiers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Xiaoguang Tong (China National Oil and Gas Exploration and Development Corp., Beijing (China))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">330</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70019809"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Continents</span> as lithological icebergs: The importance of buoyant lithospheric roots</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An understanding of the formation of new continental crust provides an important guide to locating the oldest terrestrial rocks and minerals. We evaluated the crustal thicknesses of the thinnest stable continental crust and of an unsubductable oceanic plateau and used the resulting data to estimate the amount of mantle melting which produces permanent continental crust. The lithospheric mantle is sufficiently depleted to produce permanent buoyancy (i.e., the crust is unsubductable) at crustal thicknesses greater than 25-27 km. These unsubductable oceanic plateaus and hotspot island chains are important sources of new continental crust. The newest continental crust (e.g., the Ontong Java plateau) has a basaltic composition, not a granitic one. The observed structure and geochemistry of <span class="hlt">continents</span> are the result of convergent margin magmatism and metamorphism which modify the nascent basaltic crust into a lowermost basaltic layer overlain by a more silicic upper crust. The definition of a <span class="hlt">continent</span> should imply only that the lithosphere is unsubductable over ??? 0.25 Ga time periods. Therefore, the search for the oldest crustal rocks should include rocks from lower to mid-crustal levels.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Abbott, D.H.; Drury, R.; Mooney, W.D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">331</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17650041"> <span id="translatedtitle">The place of science in a <span class="hlt">continent</span> at the crossroads.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">I have mentioned it before and I want to repeat it now, that we in Africa share a common history, heritage and basic problems of development. We, therefore, have an inescapable responsibility of pooling our talents and resources in shaping our common destiny. In fulfillment of its mission, AFHES, through its organized con notgresses and this Journal, is an invaluable vessel for enabling us to promote better health for the peoples of this <span class="hlt">continent</span>. Africa is a <span class="hlt">continent</span> endowed with great potential that, for one reason or an notother, has been ignored or misused, resulting in the current crisis now enveloping the <span class="hlt">continent</span>. There is the escalating debt burden, falling agricultural productivity and the ever-increasing population. Efforts to improve the situation are hampered by adverse factors such as malnutrition, HTV/AIDS, malaria and other causes of ill health; wars, poor environmental management and the ever-worrisome problem of refugees. At the sunrise of the 21st Century, we must wake up and reverse the current trend by focusing our resources on priority areas of development. The fight for freedom from the yoke of colonialism and the traumatic experience of apartheid has been won. In some African countries, however, the winning of the fight for freedom has opened up a new fight, a fight that is more fierce and bloody than that which set us free. These include civil strife and internecine wars giving rise to a new black Diaspora, which is far greater than the one experienced during the period of slavery and slave trade. People supposed to build these nations have either been killed or forced into exile. Those intellectually endowed have sought refuge in safer and economically developed countries and, by the same process, also weaken the al notready weak economies of their mother countries. They have, therefore, helped to strengthen the already strong economies of the developed nations. This is indeed, a sad situation that poses a formidable challenge to the future well being of the conti notnent. Civil strife has resulted in the increased numbers of displaced persons and has caused a big setback in the fight against diseases and causes of ill health. In addition, there are new challenges created by emergence of new infections, re-emergence of diseases that had been put under control; and the changing epidemiological patterns and manifestations of existing diseases. Since disease and ill health know no bound notary, we must all be prepared to find solutions to diseases and causes of ill health that continuously haunt this <span class="hlt">continent</span>. As health experts, we are concerned. We should not be responding to health emergencies occasioned by civil strife. We need peace as it will guarantee not only freedom and personal security, but it will also guarantee our future and the future of those to come after us. We are well aware that as is the case with developed nations, the development of our <span class="hlt">continent</span> rests on the utilization of research findings, which must be useful, contextual and must stand the test of time. This is our mission and our hope. Africa is at the crossroads. We must not despair or quit, lest we become irrel notevant both to ourselves and to the rest of mankind. Let African governments give science a chance. As I have said several times before and I am still saying it now, quitters never win and winners never quit. We have no alternative but to be winners! PMID:17650041</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koech, D K</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">332</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFM.T44A..07K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fluid Percolation Within AN Ocean-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> Transition</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Divergent plate boundaries, such as ocean-<span class="hlt">continent</span> transitions (OCT) are the perfect target to study mechanisms activated during extension leading to localisation of deformation. The Platta-Totalp massifs in the Eastern Central Alps (Grison, Switzerland) represent a type example of a zone of exhumed continental mantle and offer a complete stratigraphic sequence of an OCT. A detailed study of the geochemistry and microstructures is undertaken to characterise the deformation in such setting. The mantle rocks are spinel lherzolites and harzburgites, into which gabbros and basaltic dykes were intruded, and are partially covered by ophicarbonates. Previous work across the Platta reveals that mantle rocks close to the <span class="hlt">continent</span> may represent spinel peridotite mixed with (garnet)-pyroxenite layers while the ultramafic rocks at some distance from the <span class="hlt">continent</span> are pyroxenite-poor peridotites that equilibrated in the plagioclase stability field (Muntener et al. 2004). Fieldwork across the mantle sequence shows localization of deformation with metric or centimetric shear-zones. Peridotites in shear-zones close to the <span class="hlt">continent</span> have an ultra-mylonitic texture, and contain amphibole testifying fluid percolation. In a centimetric shear-zone amphibole is observed within a matrix made up of a mixture of pyroxenes, olivine, amphibole and spinel with a grain size from 1 to 8 ?m, and as round grains (grain size from 30 to 50?m) embedded in the fine-grained matrix. The host peridotite, which is also deformed, contains larger grains of amphibole with a grain size up to 400 ?m. The chemical composition of the amphibole changes from large to small grains, increasing in K2O and decreasing in TiO2 (wt%) indicating an evolution of the percolating fluid during the localisation of deformation. Another ultra-mylonite (grain size ~ 5?m) from the same mantle sequence displays unmixed areas of clinopyroxene-amphibole and olivine-orthopyroxene, which are folded together. The chemical composition of the amphibole has a lower TiO2 and K2O content than in the other sample. From the <span class="hlt">continent</span> to the ocean, the clinopyroxene shows a decrease in Na2O for a similar Cr2O3 (wt%) content. However, clinopyroxene compositions indicate a decrease in Al2O3, Na2O, and Cr2O3 (wt%) and homogenisation of the compositions in the fine-grained matrix in the entire sequence suggesting a concordant decrease in temperature. A detailed study of the peridotite textures and geochemistry is combined with analysis of the crystallographic preferred orientation using the EBSD method to determine the deformation mechanisms activated during extension. Mapping of individual porphyroclastic clinopyroxenes and large grains of amphiboles within the host (deformed) peridotite display cumulative misorientation angles up to 35 degrees. Moreover, the patterns of dispersion indicate intra-grain composite deformation leading to a grain size reduction. Our preliminary results indicate fluid percolation and chemical variation during localisation of deformation. This study will constrain the localisation of the deformation related to decreasing temperatures and fluid percolation within extensional setting such as OCT. Ref: Muntener et al. 2004, EPSL, 221, 293-308</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kaczmarek, M.; Reddy, S. M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">333</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22465379"> <span id="translatedtitle">Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span>® as currency: Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span>® use and increased social capital among rural Appalachian drug users.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Studies have shown that position within networks of social relations can have direct implications on the health behaviors of individuals. The present study examines connections between drug use and individual social capital within social networks of drug users (n = 503) from rural Appalachian Kentucky, U.S.A. Respondent driven sampling was used to recruit individuals age 18 and older who had used one of the following drugs to get high: cocaine, crack, heroin, methamphetamine, or prescription opioids. Substance use was measured via self-report and social network analysis of participants' drug use network was used to compute effective size, a measure of social capital. Drug network ties were based on sociometric data on recent (past 6 month) drug co-usage. Multivariate multi-level ordinal regression was used to model the independent effect of socio-demographic and drug use characteristics on social capital. Adjusting for gender, income, and education, daily Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span>(®) use was found to be significantly associated with greater social capital, and daily marijuana use was associated with less social capital. These results suggest that in regions with marked economic disparities such as rural Appalachia, Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span>(®) may serve as a form of currency that is associated with increased social capital among drug users. Interventions focusing on increasing alternate pathways to acquiring social capital may be one way in which to alleviate the burden of drug use in this high-risk population. PMID:22465379</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jonas, Adam B; Young, April M; Oser, Carrie B; Leukefeld, Carl G; Havens, Jennifer R</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">334</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3331592"> <span id="translatedtitle">Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span>® as Currency: Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span>® Use and Increased Social Capital among Rural Appalachian Drug Users</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Studies have shown that position within networks of social relations can have direct implications on the health behaviors of individuals. The present study examines connections between drug use and individual social capital within social networks of drug users (n=503) from rural Appalachian Kentucky, U.S.A. Respondent driven sampling was used to recruit individuals age 18 and older who had used one of the following drugs to get high: cocaine, crack, heroin, methamphetamine, or prescription opioids. Substance use was measured via self-report and social network analysis of participants’ drug use network was used to compute effective size, a measure of social capital. Drug network ties were based on sociometric data on recent (past 6 month) drug co-usage. Multivariate multi-level ordinal regression was used to model the independent effect of sociodemographic and drug use characteristics on social capital. Adjusting for gender, income, and education, daily Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span>® use was found to be significantly associated with greater social capital, and daily marijuana use was associated with less social capital. These results suggest that in regions with marked economic disparities such as rural Appalachia, Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span>® may serve as a form of currency that is associated with increased social capital among drug users. Interventions focusing on increasing alternate pathways to acquiring social capital may be one way in which to alleviate the burden of drug use in this high-risk population. PMID:22465379</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jonas, Adam B.; Young, April M.; Oser, Carrie B.; Leukefeld, Carl G.; Havens, Jennifer R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">335</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21077749"> <span id="translatedtitle">Association of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> cadmium and myocardial infarction</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of individuals 45-79 years old in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (1988-1994) (NHANES III). Myocardial infarction was determined by electrocardiogram (ECG). Our sample included 4912 participants, which when weighted represented 52,234,055 Americans. We performed adjusted logistic regressions with the Framingham risk score, pack-years of smoking, race-ethnicity, and family history of heart attack, and diabetes as covariates. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> cadmium {>=}0.88 {mu}g/g creatinine had an odds ratio of 1.86 (95% CI 1.26-2.75) compared to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> cadmium <0.43 {mu}g/g creatinine. This result supports the hypothesis that cadmium is associated with coronary heart disease. When logistic regressions were done by gender, women, but not men, showed a significant association of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> cadmium with myocardial infarction. Women with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> cadmium {>=}0.88 {mu}g/g creatinine had an odds ratio of 1.80 (95% CI 1.06-3.04) compared to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> cadmium <0.43 {mu}g/g creatinine. When the analysis was restricted to never smokers (N=2187) <span class="hlt">urinary</span> cadmium {>=}0.88 {mu}g/g creatinine had an odds ratio of 1.85 (95% CI 1.10-3.14) compared to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> cadmium <0.43 {mu}g/g creatinine.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Everett, Charles J. [Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 295 Calhoun Street, P.O. Box 250192, Charleston, SC 29425 (United States)], E-mail: everettc@musc.edu; Frithsen, Ivar L. [Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 295 Calhoun Street, P.O. Box 250192, Charleston, SC 29425 (United States)], E-mail: frithse@musc.edu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-02-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">336</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3057761"> <span id="translatedtitle">Predicting Improvement in <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> and Bowel Incontinence for Home Health Patients Using Electronic Health Record Data</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose The purpose of the study was to discover which patient and support system characteristics and interventions documented by home health clinicians were associated with improvement in <span class="hlt">urinary</span> and bowel incontinence contrasting logistic regression and data mining approaches. Subjects and Setting 1,793 patients in this study had 2,072 episodes of care representing all non-maternity patients who were ages 18 or older and receiving skilled home health services in 2004 from a convenience sample of 15 home health agencies. Design This study is a secondary analysis of data from 15 home health agencies' electronic health records. Instruments Data for this study were documented by home care clinicians using the Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS) structured assessment form and the Omaha System interventions, which is a standardized terminology. Results There were 684 patients with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence and 187 with bowel incontinence. By discharge 38% improved in <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence and 45% improved their bowel incontinence. Using logistic regression, no patient or support system characteristics were associated with improvement in either <span class="hlt">urinary</span> or bowel incontinence, only a limited number of interventions were significant. A data mining decision tree was producible only for bowel incontinence, demonstrating a combination of patient and support system factors as well as selected interventions were important in determining whether patients would improve in bowel incontinence. Conclusions Home health patients have complex comorbid conditions requiring home care nurses to have broad, generalized knowledge. Future research is needed to determine if the inclusion of a certified wound, ostomy, and <span class="hlt">continence</span> nurse would improve outcomes. PMID:21287773</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Westra, Bonnie L.; Savik, Kay; Oancea, Cristina; Choromanski, Lynn; Holmes, John H.; Bliss, Donna</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">337</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1442095"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infection in children.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">During 1968-77, 572 consecutive children with one or more positive urine cultures who were referred by their family doctors to one paediatric surgical outpatient clinic were investigated and prospectively recorded. An abnormality requiring treatment was found in 45%. The yield of positive findings and need for operation were greater in those referred after one infection than in those with recurrent infection. Among those under 2 years old 90% had an abnormality. One third of children with vesicoureteric reflux showed renal scarring at the time of first attendance. The results of medical and surgical treatment over five to 15 years of follow up were analysed. They emphasised the importance of culturing the urine whenever there may be <span class="hlt">urinary</span> infection in a child and of investigating immediately those with a positive urine culture. PMID:6430447</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">McKerrow, W; Davidson-Lamb, N; Jones, P F</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">338</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3769118"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Bladder Cancer in Yemen</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objectives The aims of this study are to highlight the clinicopathological features of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder cancer in Yemen, and to describe the histological grading of urothelial neoplasms according to the World Health Organization and International Society of Urologic pathology (WHO/ISUP 1998) classification. Methods This is a descriptive record-based study of 316 cases of bladder cancer diagnosed by two pathologists at the Department of pathology, Sana'a University from 1st January 2005 to 30th April 2009. The diagnoses were made on hematoxylin and eosin stained sections and categorized according to WHO/ISUP 1998 classification. Results Out of 316 <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder cancers, 248 (78%) were urothelial neoplasms, 53 (17%) were squamous cell carcinoma, 7 (2%) were adenocarcinoma, and 3 (1%) were rhabdomyosarcoma. The remaining cases were metastatic carcinomas (n=3), small cell carcinoma (n=1), and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n=1). The urothelial neoplasms observed were carcinoma in situ 4 (2%), papilloma 7 (3%), papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential 26 (11%), papillary urothelial carcinoma of low grade 107 (43%), papillary urothelial carcinoma of high grade 18 (7%), and non-papillary urothelial carcinoma of high grade 85 (34%), with 60 years mean age for males and 58 years for females; along with a male to female ratio of 4:1. The peak incidence was observed in the 61-70 years age group. Conclusion This study documents a high frequency of urothelial neoplasms, mostly papillary urothelial carcinoma of low grade and non-papillary urothelial carcinoma of high grade with male preponderance and peak incidence in 6th decade of age. PMID:24044060</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Al-Samawi, Abdullah Saleh; Aulaqi, Saleh Mansoor</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">339</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23421593"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Zn isotope perspective on the rise of <span class="hlt">continents</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Zinc isotope abundances are fairly constant in igneous rocks and shales and are left unfractionated by hydrothermal processes at pH < 5.5. For that reason, Zn isotopes in sediments can be used to trace the changing chemistry of the hydrosphere. Here, we report Zn isotope compositions in Fe oxides from banded iron formations (BIFs) and iron formations of different ages. Zinc from early Archean samples is isotopically indistinguishable from the igneous average (?(66) Zn ~0.3‰). At 2.9-2.7 Ga, ?(66) Zn becomes isotopically light (?(66) Zn < 0‰) and then bounces back to values >1‰ during the ~2.35 Ga Great Oxygenation Event. By 1.8 Ga, BIF ?(66) Zn has settled to the modern value of FeMn nodules and encrustations (~0.9‰). The Zn cycle is largely controlled by two different mechanisms: Zn makes strong complexes with phosphates, and phosphates in turn are strongly adsorbed by Fe hydroxides. We therefore review the evidence that the surface geochemical cycles of Zn and P are closely related. The Zn isotope record echoes Sr isotope evidence, suggesting that erosion starts with the very large continental masses appearing at ~2.7 Ga. The lack of Zn fractionation in pre-2.9 Ga BIFs is argued to reflect the paucity of permanent subaerial continental exposure and consequently the insignificant phosphate input to the oceans and the small output of biochemical sediments. We link the early decline of ?(66) Zn between 3.0 and 2.7 Ga with the low solubility of phosphate in alkaline groundwater. The development of photosynthetic activity at the surface of the newly exposed <span class="hlt">continents</span> increased the oxygen level in the atmosphere, which in turn triggered acid drainage and stepped up P dissolution and liberation of heavy Zn into the runoff. Zinc isotopes provide a new perspective on the rise of <span class="hlt">continents</span>, the volume of carbonates on <span class="hlt">continents</span>, changing weathering conditions, and compositions of the ocean through time. PMID:23421593</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pons, M-L; Fujii, T; Rosing, M; Quitté, G; Télouk, P; Albarède, F</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">340</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/43798725"> <span id="translatedtitle">Simulation of active tectonic processes for a convecting mantle with moving <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Numerical models are presented that simulate several active tectonic processes. These models include a <span class="hlt">continent</span> that is thermally and mechanically coupled with viscous mantle flow. The assumption of rigid <span class="hlt">continents</span> allows use of solid body equations to describe the <span class="hlt">continents</span>' motion and to calculate their velocities. The starting point is a quasi-steady state model of mantle convection with temperature\\/pressure-dependent viscosity.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Valeriy Trubitsyn; Mikhail Kaban; Walter Mooney; Christoph Reigber; Peter Schwintzer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_17 div --> <div id="page_18" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">341</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/41165491"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effects of Rayleigh number length thickness of <span class="hlt">continent</span> on time of mantle flow reversal</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Numerical experiments are carried out to study the effects of <span class="hlt">continents</span> on the structure of thermal convection in the mantle. The mantle is modelled by a viscous fluid occupying a horizontally extended rectangular 2-D region of aspect ratio 10:1. <span class="hlt">Continents</span> are treated as thick rigid heat-conducting plates placed in the mantle, with free-slip and with no-slip conditions. <span class="hlt">Continents</span> restrict the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A. M. Bobrov; W. Jacoby; V. P. Trubitsyn</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">342</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/24718383"> <span id="translatedtitle">Is heart failure different on the two <span class="hlt">continents</span> (North America and Europe)?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Heart failure is increasing in both North America and Europe. Although many similarities in the disease are apparent between\\u000a the two <span class="hlt">continents</span>, differences do exist. Heart failure with preserved systolic function appears to be increasingly important\\u000a on both <span class="hlt">continents</span>, and is associated more frequently with hypertension, aging, and female sex. Treatment guidelines from\\u000a the two <span class="hlt">continents</span> show more similarities than</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rachel Hughes-Doichev; Mark E. Dunlap</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">343</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25166910"> <span id="translatedtitle">Implementing a clinical practice guideline to manage postpartum <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Postpartum <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention is a common condition in obstetric units. A Clinical Practice Guideline was implemented in a high-risk obstetrical unit to decrease variance of clinical practice, rate of postpartum <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention, and number of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheterizations and increase awareness of this common condition. Guideline implementation met the 4 aims, including a decreased rate of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention. PMID:25166910</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stanley, Angela Y; Conner, Brian T</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">344</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1187974"> <span id="translatedtitle">Asynchronous extinction of late Quaternary sloths on <span class="hlt">continents</span> and islands</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Whatever the cause, it is extraordinary that dozens of genera of large mammals became extinct during the late Quaternary throughout the Western Hemisphere, including 90% of the genera of the xenarthran suborder Phyllophaga (sloths). Radiocarbon dates directly on dung, bones, or other tissue of extinct sloths place their “last appearance” datum at ?11,000 radiocarbon years before present (yr BP) or slightly less in North America, ?10,500 yr BP in South America, and ?4,400 yr BP on West Indian islands. This asynchronous situation is not compatible with glacial–interglacial climate change forcing these extinctions, especially given the great elevational, latitudinal, and longitudinal variation of the sloth-bearing continental sites. Instead, the chronology of last appearance of extinct sloths, whether on <span class="hlt">continents</span> or islands, more closely tracks the first arrival of people. PMID:16085711</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Steadman, David W.; Martin, Paul S.; MacPhee, Ross D. E.; Jull, A. J. T.; McDonald, H. Gregory; Woods, Charles A.; Iturralde-Vinent, Manuel; Hodgins, Gregory W. L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">345</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/6u415u302366q840.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Radiological evaluation of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract in children with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> infection</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective: This article in to study the association of structural abnormalities of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract in children with <span class="hlt">urinary</span>\\u000a tract infection (UTI) using ultrasound examination.Methods : 262 children with culture proven <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection were studied. Antibiotics were given as per sensitivity pattern.\\u000a All children had an ultrasound of the abdomen done within 3 weeks. A micturating cystourethrogram (MCU) was</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">K. Jothilakshmi; Bhoopathy Vijayaraghavan; Sarah Paul; John Matthai</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">346</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012AGUFM.T31E..01L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Clustered and transient earthquake sequences in mid-<span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Earthquakes result from sudden release of strain energy on faults. On plate boundary faults, strain energy is constantly accumulating from steady and relatively rapid relative plate motion, so large earthquakes continue to occur so long as motion continues on the boundary. In contrast, such steady accumulation of stain energy does not occur on faults in mid-<span class="hlt">continents</span>, because the far-field tectonic loading is not steadily distributed between faults, and because stress perturbations from complex fault interactions and other stress triggers can be significant relative to the slow tectonic stressing. Consequently, mid-continental earthquakes are often temporally clustered and transient, and spatially migrating. This behavior is well illustrated by large earthquakes in North China in the past two millennia, during which no single large earthquakes repeated on the same fault segments, but moment release between large fault systems was complementary. Slow tectonic loading in mid-<span class="hlt">continents</span> also causes long aftershock sequences. We show that the recent small earthquakes in the Tangshan region of North China are aftershocks of the 1976 Tangshan earthquake (M 7.5), rather than indicators of a new phase of seismic activity in North China, as many fear. Understanding the transient behavior of mid-continental earthquakes has important implications for assessing earthquake hazards. The sequence of large earthquakes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) in central US, which includes a cluster of M~7 events in 1811-1812 and perhaps a few similar ones in the past millennium, is likely a transient process, releasing previously accumulated elastic strain on recently activated faults. If so, this earthquake sequence will eventually end. Using simple analysis and numerical modeling, we show that the large NMSZ earthquakes may be ending now or in the near future.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liu, M.; Stein, S. A.; Wang, H.; Luo, G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">347</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EGUGA..15.9881B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Moho depth and residual topography of the Antarctic <span class="hlt">continent</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A new Moho depth map for the Antarctic <span class="hlt">continent</span> has been recently assembled (ANTMoho), merging information retrieved from geophysical and geological studies selected from the literature. A large volume of old and new data have been analyzed: from active seismic prospection,including DSS profiles acquired by Soviet Union field experiments, to recent passive seismic receiver function and geological studies. ANTMoho has a reference lateral resolution of 1 degree. The oldest Archean and Proterozoic crust of East Antarctica has a thickness of 36-56 km (with an average of about 41 km). The continental crust of the Transantarctic Mountains, the Antarctic Peninsula and Wilkes Basin has a thickness of 30-40 km (with an average Moho of about 30 km). The youngest rifted continental crust of the West Antarctic Rift System has a thickness of 16-28 km (with an average Moho of about 26 km). The mean Moho depth of the whole model is 33.8 km. We compare this new model to other available for the whole <span class="hlt">continent</span> (Bassin et al., 2000; Block et al., 2009) and study the possible geodynamic consequences calculating the residual topography -- an indicator of dynamic response to large-scale mantle flow. We adopt the semianalytical methodology implemented in the HC code (developed and maintained by Prof. T. Becker). The spatial resolution is limited by the L=127 of the input model. The Transantarctic Mountains appear not to be isostatically compensated, such as the neighboring Wilkes Subglacial Basin. East Antarctica on a large scale does not show significant uncompensated topography. There are however some smaller-scale residual topography features, that correlate with sub-glacial topography and that may indicate some limitation in resolution or laterally-variable crustal density. Better knowledge of crustal structure is therefore an important tool for better understanding of the complex dynamic processes acting at a regional scale.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Baranov, Alexey; Molinari, Irene; Morelli, Andrea; Danesi, Stefania</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">348</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28593201"> <span id="translatedtitle">Use of silver-hydrogel <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheters on the incidence of catheter-associated <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections in hospitalized patients</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background: <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infections (UTIs) account for 40% of all nosocomial infections, and about 80% of these are associated with the use of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheters. They not only contribute to excess morbidity and mortality, but they also significantly add to the cost of hospitalization. Clinical trials with silver-coated <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheters have shown conflicting results. However, recent trials with silver-hydrogel <span class="hlt">urinary</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kwan Kew Lai; Sally A. Fontecchio</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">349</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30439196"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Nitric Oxide Synthase Activity and Cyclic GMP Levels are Decreased with Interstitial Cystitis and Increased with <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract Infections</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">PurposeSince <span class="hlt">urinary</span> nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity correlates with certain disease processes affecting the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract and since nitric oxide increases cyclic GMP levels by activating guanylyl cyclase, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> particulate NOS activity and cyclic GMP levels are evaluated in female patients with interstitial cystitis (IC) and compared with those from female controls and female patients with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections (UTIs).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shannon D. Smith; Marcia A. Wheeler; Harris E. Foster; Robert M. Weiss</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">350</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2891326"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Questionnaire for <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence Diagnosis (QUID): Validity and Responsiveness to Change in Women Undergoing Non-Surgical Therapies for Treatment of Stress Predominant <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Aims The Questionnaire for <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence Diagnosis (QUID), a 6-item <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence (UI) symptom questionnaire, was developed and validated to distinguish stress and urge UI. This study’s objective was to evaluate QUID validity and responsiveness when used as a clinical trial outcome measure. Methods Participants enrolled in a multi-center trial of non-surgical therapy (<span class="hlt">continence</span> pessary, pelvic floor muscle training or combined) for stress-predominant UI completed baseline and 3-month diaries, the <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Distress Inventory (UDI) and QUID. Data from all treatment groups were pooled. QUID internal consistency (Cronbach’s ?) and convergent/discriminant validity (Pearson correlations) were evaluated. Responsiveness to change was assessed with 3-month score outcomes and distribution-based measurements. Results 444 women (mean age 50) were enrolled with stress (N=200) and mixed (N=244) UI; 344 had 3-month data. Baseline QUID Stress and Urge scores (both scaled 0-15, larger values indicating worse UI) were 8.4 ± 3.2 and 4.5 ± 3.3, respectively. Internal consistency of QUID Total, Stress and Urge scores was 0.75, 0.64 and 0.87, respectively. QUID Stress scores correlated moderately with UDI-Stress scores (r=0.68, p<0.0001) and diary stress UI episodes (r=0.41, p<0.0001). QUID Urge scores correlated moderately with UDI-Irritative scores (r=0.68, p<0.0001) and diary urge UI episodes (r=0.45, p<0.0001). 3-month QUID Stress and Urge scores improved (4.1 ± 3.4 and 2.2 ± 2.7, both p<0.0001). QUID Stress score Effect Size (1.3) and Standardized Response Mean (1.2) suggested a large change after therapy. Conclusion The QUID has acceptable psychometric characteristics and may be used as a UI outcome measure in clinical trials. PMID:19787711</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bradley, Catherine S.; Rahn, David D.; Nygaard, Ingrid E.; Barber, Matthew D.; Nager, Charles W.; Kenton, Kimberly S.; Siddiqui, Nazema Y.; Abel, Robert B.; Spino, Cathie; Richter, Holly E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">351</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1499268"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> proteins in four rodent species.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">1. Mean <span class="hlt">urinary</span> protein concentration levels are significantly higher in male Peromyscus leucopus than females (98.4 and 72.4 mg/dl). 2. Only females showed a significant correlation between weight and <span class="hlt">urinary</span> protein concentration (r = 0.75 vs r = 0.03). 3. In intraspecific sexual electrophoretic comparisons of P. leucopus and P. maniculatus non-denatured <span class="hlt">urinary</span> protein, four and two common bands were identified, respectively. Males of both species showed an extra protein band. 4. Four common electrophoretically separable denatured <span class="hlt">urinary</span> protein bands were observed between 14,200 and 116,000 mol. wt in male and female P. leucopus and female P. gossypinus. Three of the four major protein bands were also found in P. maniculatus. Male Reithrodontomys megalotis pattern showed none of the major bands. PMID:1499268</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cain, K A; Burns, T A; Stalling, D T</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">352</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cdc.gov/HAI/ca_uti/cauti_faqs.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Catheter-Associated <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract Infections</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Algorithm Use of an Inferred PFGE Algorith Inferred Identification of Pulsed Field Types based on MLST clonal ... place, and is connected to a closed collection system. Alternative methods of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> drainage may be employed ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">353</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16709006"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Imaging of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> lithiasis: "all in one"].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> lithiasis is very common among the general population, with a high prevalence level. In rich countries it is mainly located inside the upper <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract. Helical CToperated with newer devices is the most accurate modality to provide all needed information: diagnosis of stone without contrast medium injection, morphology (size, number) and localization, diagnosis of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> obstruction, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract aspect and all kind of differential diagnosis in emergency. It must be used during follow up to diagnose residual fragments. Multiplanar reconstructions are essential for the clinicians; but diagnosis is interpreted by scrolling axial views with dynamic analysis on computer screen. Low-dose helical CT is today available. Helical CT provides an "all-in-one" examination. It should soon replace combined plain film-ultrasonography performed in an emergency context of renal colic and intravenous urography for pre- and post-treatment assessments. PMID:16709006</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Roy, C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">354</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7783701"> <span id="translatedtitle">Uropontin in <span class="hlt">urinary</span> calcium stone formation.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Normal urine is frequently supersaturated with respect to calcium oxalate. Thus, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> inhibitors of crystallization appear to have an important role in preventing <span class="hlt">urinary</span> stone formation. Uropontin was isolated by monoclonal antibody immunoaffinity chromatography and has the same N-terminal sequence as osteopontin derived from bone. This <span class="hlt">urinary</span> form of osteopontin is a potent inhibitor of calcium oxalate monohydrate crystal growth at concentrations (approximately 0.1 microM) that normally prevail in human urine. Interaction with calcium oxalate monohydrate in vivo was shown by analysis of EDTA extracts of calcium stones. Uropontin is an abundant component of calcium oxalate monohydrate stones and present in only trace quantities in calcium oxalate dihydrate and hydroxyapatite stones. However, the precise role of uropontin in the pathogenesis of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> stone formation is not known and is the subject of ongoing investigations. PMID:7783701</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hoyer, J R</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">355</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19850000359&hterms=prosthetic&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D90%26Ntt%3Dprosthetic*"> <span id="translatedtitle">Development of a Prosthesis for <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Control</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Report describes development and marketing of prosthetic sphincter for <span class="hlt">urinary</span> control. With prosthetic device, patients void bladder every 3 to 4 hours. Periodic voiding keeps bladder muscles exercised and healthy and avoids bladder infections and kidney damage.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tenney, J. B.; Rabinowitz, R.; Tomkiewicz, Z.; Harrison, H. N.; Rogers, D. W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">356</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/j3145724q9266021.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> retention in women and sacral neuromodulation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The remit of this article is to provide an overview of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention in women, taking into account the predisposing factors,\\u000a aetiology, investigations and treatments. The information presented is based on a widespread search of the English literature\\u000a using multiple library sites on the internet and on personal experience. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> retention occurs when there is impaired bladder\\u000a emptying, resulting in</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sohier Elneil</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">357</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24934526"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Mechanisms of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract sterility maintenance].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Physiologically, urine and the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract are maintained sterile because of physical and chemical properties of urine and the innate immune system's action. The <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract is constantly exposed to the invasion of microorganisms from the exterior environment, also because of the anatomical placement of the urethra, in the vicinity of the rectum. Particularly vulnerable to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections (UTI) are women (an additional risk factor is pregnancy), but also the elderly and children. The main pathogens causing UTI are bacteria; in 70-95% of cases it is the bacterium Escherichia coli. Infections caused by viruses and fungi are less common and are associated with decreased immunity, pharmacotherapy, or some diseases. Bacteria have evolved a number of factors that facilitate the colonization of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract: the cover and cell membrane antigens O and K1, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), fimbriae, pile and cilia. On the other hand, the human organism has evolved mechanisms to hinder colonization of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract: mechanisms arising from the anatomical structure of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract, the physicochemical properties of the urine and the activity of the innate immune system, also known as non-specific, which isolates and destroys pathogens using immunological processes, and the mechanisms for release of antimicrobial substances such as Tamm-Horsfall protein, mucopolysaccharides, immunoglobulins IgA and IgG, lactoferrin, lipocalin, neutrophils, cytokines and antimicrobial peptides. This review aims to analyze the state of knowledge on the mechanisms to maintain the sterility of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract used by the human organism and bacterial virulence factors to facilitate the colonization of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract. PMID:24934526</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Okr?g?a, Emilia; Szychowska, Katarzyna; Wolska, Lidia</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">358</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29537369"> <span id="translatedtitle">Elemental distribution analysis of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> crystals</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Various crystals are seen in human urine. Some of them, particularly calcium oxalate dihydrate, are seen normally. Pathological\\u000a crystals indicate crystal formation initiating <span class="hlt">urinary</span> stones. Unfortunately, many of the relevant crystals are not recognized\\u000a in light microscopic analysis of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> deposit performed in most of the clinical laboratories. Many crystals are not\\u000a clearly identifiable under the ordinary light microscopy.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Y. M. Fazil Marickar; P. R. Lekshmi; Luxmi Varma; Peter Koshy</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">359</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31548237"> <span id="translatedtitle">Antimicrobial mechanisms of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract is a key system to maintain the homeostasis of the human body. It is relatively open to the outside environment,\\u000a the perineum, a region highly colonized by bacteria. Bacteria can even be found in urine of healthy individuals. Still, <span class="hlt">urinary</span>\\u000a tract infections are far less frequent than it could be expected under these conditions. The high resistance</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Milan Chromek; Annelie Brauner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">360</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hal.inria.fr/docs/00/89/17/07/PDF/hal-00891707.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">adansonii [12], the study of honey bees from this <span class="hlt">continent</span> remained superficial and</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">adansonii [12], the study of honey bees from this <span class="hlt">continent</span> remained superficial and incomplete description of honey bees from the African <span class="hlt">continent</span> dates back to 1804 when the French entomolo- gist Latreille named a bee from Senegal Apis Original article Mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms in honey bee</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Boyer, Edmond</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_18 div --> <div id="page_19" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">361</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/8t6kudje4n856yjm.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Use of Malone Antegrade <span class="hlt">Continence</span> Enema in Patients With Perineal Colostomy After Rectal Resection</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">PURPOSE  Abdominoperineal resection, with iliac colostomy, remains the gold standard treatment for very low-lying rectal cancer, but it alters patients quality of life. Alternatives to iliac colostomy need to be experimented. Antegrade enemas via a cecal access (Malone operation) obtains a colonic emptying and improves <span class="hlt">continence</span> for incontinent patients. <span class="hlt">Continence</span> and quality of life after abdominoperineal resection and perineal colostomy associated</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Guillaume Portier; Nicolas Bonhomme; Ivan Platonoff; Frank Lazorthes</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">362</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32022661"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">continent</span> ileostomy (Kock's pouch) versus the restorative proctocolectomy (pelvic pouch)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Kock <span class="hlt">continent</span> ileostomy and the ileoanal anastomosis with a pelvic ileal reservoir are each alternatives to conventional ileostomy in patients undergoing proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis and polyposis coli. Problems associated with construction of the nipple valve have been the chief factor limiting the popularity of <span class="hlt">continent</span> ileostomy, but these can be minimized by strict attention to technique. The cumulative</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Leif Hultén; Leif Hult</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">363</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/40445939"> <span id="translatedtitle">Geotectonic evolution of late Cenozoic arc-<span class="hlt">continent</span> collision in Taiwan</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The island of Taiwan is an active orogen formed by the collision between the Luzon arc and the Asian <span class="hlt">continent</span>. The kinematic progression of the arc-<span class="hlt">continent</span> collision can be reconstructed by superimposing the restored paleopositions of Luzon arc upon the precollisional Asian continental margin. The geological history of the collision can be interpreted from the rock records of the mountain</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">L. Teng</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">364</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.mit.edu/~soljacic/trapped-light_Nature.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Observation of trapped light within the radiation <span class="hlt">contin</span>-Chia Wei Hsu1,2</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Observation of trapped light within the radiation <span class="hlt">contin</span>- uum Chia Wei Hsu1,2 , Bo Zhen1 , Jeongwon in a <span class="hlt">contin</span>- uum of radiation modes--that is not due to symmetry incompatibility5­8,10­16 . Such a bound 1 #12</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Soljaèiæ, Marin</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">365</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.agu.org/journals/jb/v086/iB12/JB086iB12p11535/JB086iB12p11535.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Oceans and <span class="hlt">continents</span> - Similarities and differences in the mechanisms of heat loss</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The considered analysis is concerned with an evaluation of the constraints placed on thermal models of the oceans and <span class="hlt">continents</span>, taking into account observations and modern plate tectonic concepts. Particular attention is given to three sets of measurements, related to heat flow, subsidence rates on <span class="hlt">continents</span> and for oceans, and the distribution of area versus age of the ocean floor.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. G. Sclater; Barry Parsons; Claude Jaupart</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">366</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12406587"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> excretion of cyanidin glycosides.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Anthocyanins, which are natural plant pigments from the flavonoid family, represent substantial constituents of the human diet. Several fruits (blackcurrant, blue berries, red grape and elderberry) are rich sources of these efficient antioxidant compounds. The present study was designed to determine the potential bioavailability in humans of the anthocyanins of elderberry, mainly cyanidin-3-glucoside and cyanidin-3-sambubioside, and the influence of the simultaneous ingestion of sucrose on the absorption of anthocyanins. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> samples from 16 healthy volunteers--8 women and 8 men--were collected before and over a period of 6 h with intervals of 1 h after the ingestion of 11 g elderberry concentrate (containing 1.9 g of anthocyanins equivalent to 235 ml of fresh juice) 1 day diluted with water, the other day with 30 g sucrose. Using high-performance liquid chromatography, it was possible to quantify the two main anthocyanins of elderberry excreted unchanged in the urine (0.003-0.012% of the oral dose). The ingestion of sucrose led to a reduced excretion of anthocyanins. PMID:12406587</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mülleder, Ursula; Murkovic, Michael; Pfannhauser, Werner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">367</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..16.7277B"> <span id="translatedtitle">GOCE observations for Mineral exploration in Africa and across <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The gravity anomaly field over the whole Earth obtained by the GOCE satellite is a revolutionary tool to reveal geologic information on a continental scale for the large areas where conventional gravity measurements have yet to be made (e.g. Alvarez et al., 2012). It is, however, necessary to isolate the near-surface geologic signal from the contributions of thickness variations in the crust and lithosphere and the isostatic compensation of surface relief (e.g. Mariani et al., 2013) . Here Africa is studied with particular emphasis on selected geological features which are expected to appear as density inhomogeneities. These include cratons and fold belts in the Precambrian basement, the overlying sedimentary basins and magmatism, as well as the continental margins. Regression analysis between gravity and topography shows coefficients that are consistently positive for the free air gravity anomaly and negative for the Bouguer gravity anomaly (Braitenberg et al., 2013; 2014). The error and scatter on the regression is smallest in oceanic areas, where it is a possible tool for identifying changes in crustal type. The regression analysis allows the large gradient in the Bouguer anomaly signal across continental margins to be removed. After subtracting the predicted effect of known topography from the original Bouguer anomaly field, the residual field shows a <span class="hlt">continent</span>-wide pattern of anomalies that can be attributed to regional geological structures. A few of these are highlighted, such as those representing Karoo magmatism, the Kibalian foldbelt, the Zimbabwe Craton, the Cameroon and Tibesti volcanic deposits, the Benue Trough and the Luangwa Rift. A reconstruction of the pre-break up position of Africa, South and North America is made for the residual GOCE gravity field obtaining today's gravity field of the plates forming West Gondwana. The reconstruction allows the positive and negative anomalies to be compared across the continental fragments, and so helps identify common geologic units that extend across both the now-separate <span class="hlt">continents</span>. Tracing the geologic units is important for mineral exploration, which is demonstrated with the analysis of correlations of the gravity signal with selected classes of mineral occurrences, for instance those associated to Greenstone belts. Alvarez, O., Gimenez M., Braitenberg C., Folguera, A. (2012) GOCE Satellite derived Gravity and Gravity gradient corrected for topographic effect in the South Central Andes Region. Geophysical Journal International, 190, 941-959, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05556.x Braitenberg C., Mariani P., De Min A. (2013) The European Alps and nearby orogenic belts sensed by GOCE, Boll. Bollettino di Geofisica Teorica ed Applicata, doi:10.4430/bgta0105 Braitenberg C. (2014) Exploration of tectonic structures with GOCE in Africa and across-<span class="hlt">continents</span>, J.of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation (in Review). Mariani P., Braitenberg C., Ussami N. (2013). Explaining the thick crust in Parana' basin, Brazil, with satellite GOCE-gravity observations. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 45, 209-223, doi:10.1016/j.jsames.2013.03.008.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Braitenberg, Carla</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">368</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFMEP53A0767W"> <span id="translatedtitle">A model of weathering intensity for the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Regolith encompasses all weathered materials in the zone between the Earth's surface and fresh bedrock at depth. This weathered zone includes the soil, which may constitute the whole of the regolith profile or represent only its upper part. Important hydrological and biogeochemical processes operate within the regolith, including the infiltration and storage of near-surface water and nutrients, which sustain agricultural productivity. The degree to which the regolith is weathered (or its weathering intensity) is intrinsically linked to the factors involved in soil formation including parent material, climate, topography, biota and time. The degree to which the bedrock or sediments are weathered has a significant effect on the nature and distribution of regolith materials. There is commonly a strong correlation between weathering intensity and the degree of soil development as well as the depth of the weathering front. Changes in weathering intensity correspond to changes in the geochemical and physical properties of bedrock, ranging from essentially unweathered parent materials through to intensely weathered and leached regolith where all traits of the original protolith (original unweathered rock) are overprinted or lost altogether. With increasing weathering intensity we see mineral and geochemical convergence to more resistant secondary weathered materials including clay, silica, and various oxides. A weathering intensity index (WII) over the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span> has been developed at a 100 m resolution using two regression models based on airborne gamma-ray spectrometry imagery and the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) elevation data. Airborne gamma-ray spectrometry measures the concentration of three radioelements -- potassium (K), thorium (Th) and uranium (U) at the Earth's surface. The total gamma-ray flux (dose) is also calculated based on the weighted additions of the three radioelements. In general K is leached with increasing weathering whereas Th and U typically show increases due to their association in clays and oxides in the profile. These geochemical relationships underpin the first model prediction. In the case where no gamma-ray data is available or where the bedrock is very low in radioelements (e.g. basalt, quartz-rich sandstone) surface relief is used as surrogate in the second prediction model. The two models are combined to generate a weathering intensity index of the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span>. The weathering intensity index has been developed for erosional landscapes but also provides useful information on deposition processes and materials. The weathering intensity prediction is evaluated with surface geochemistry (compared with geochemical indices) and previous regolith-landform mapping. The use of the weathering intensity index in natural resource management and mineral exploration is discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wilford, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">369</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30251270"> <span id="translatedtitle">Association between <span class="hlt">urinary</span> symptoms at 7 years old and previous <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The association between current micturition habits and previous <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection was analysed among 3553 school entrants aged 7 years by means of a questionnaire. A high incidence of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> infection, confirmed by urine culture, was found (145 (8.4%) in the 1719 girls and 32 (1.7%) in the 1834 boys). There was a significant association between current symptoms that were</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A Hellström; E Hanson; S Hansson; K Hjälmås; U Jodal</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">370</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4161260"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Female <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Microbiome: a Comparison of Women with and without Urgency <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">ABSTRACT Bacterial DNA and live bacteria have been detected in human urine in the absence of clinical infection, challenging the prevailing dogma that urine is normally sterile. Urgency <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence (UUI) is a poorly understood <span class="hlt">urinary</span> condition characterized by symptoms that overlap <span class="hlt">urinary</span> infection, including <span class="hlt">urinary</span> urgency and increased frequency with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence. The recent discovery of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> microbiome warrants investigation into whether bacteria contribute to UUI. In this study, we used 16S rRNA gene sequencing to classify bacterial DNA and expanded quantitative urine culture (EQUC) techniques to isolate live bacteria in urine collected by using a transurethral catheter from women with UUI and, in comparison, a cohort without UUI. For these cohorts, we demonstrated that the UUI and non-UUI <span class="hlt">urinary</span> microbiomes differ by group based on both sequence and culture evidences. Compared to the non-UUI microbiome, sequencing experiments revealed that the UUI microbiome was composed of increased Gardnerella and decreased Lactobacillus. Nine genera (Actinobaculum, Actinomyces, Aerococcus, Arthrobacter, Corynebacterium, Gardnerella, Oligella, Staphylococcus, and Streptococcus) were more frequently cultured from the UUI cohort. Although Lactobacillus was isolated from both cohorts, distinctions existed at the species level, with Lactobacillus gasseri detected more frequently in the UUI cohort and Lactobacillus crispatus most frequently detected in controls. Combined, these data suggest that potentially important differences exist in the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> microbiomes of women with and without UUI, which have strong implications in prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of UUI. PMID:25006228</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pearce, Meghan M.; Hilt, Evann E.; Rosenfeld, Amy B.; Zilliox, Michael J.; Thomas-White, Krystal; Fok, Cynthia; Kliethermes, Stephanie; Schreckenberger, Paul C.; Brubaker, Linda</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">371</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48389688"> <span id="translatedtitle">Study protocol: ICONS: Identifying <span class="hlt">continence</span> options after stroke: A randomised trial</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background  <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence following acute stroke is common, affecting between 40%-60% of people in hospital after a stroke. Despite\\u000a the availability of clinical guidelines for <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence and <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence after stroke, national audit data\\u000a suggest incontinence is often poorly managed. Conservative interventions (e.g. bladder training, pelvic floor muscle training\\u000a and prompted voiding) have been shown to have some effect with</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lois H Thomas; Caroline L Watkins; Beverley French; Christopher Sutton; Denise Forshaw; Francine Cheater; Brenda Roe; Michael J Leathley; Christopher Burton; Elaine McColl; Jo Booth</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">372</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5814807"> <span id="translatedtitle">The ocean-<span class="hlt">continent</span> transition of western Iberia</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The western continental margin of the Iberian peninsular has the characteristic of a rifted non-volcanic continental margin with half-graben and tilted fault blocks seen in several places on multichannel seismic reflection profiles. The ocean-<span class="hlt">continent</span> transition (OCT) is therefore expected to be where thinned continental crust and oceanic crust are juxtaposed, as elsewhere. The authors located the OCT off western Iberia in order to constrain the pre-lift fit of Iberia to North America. This fit is only marginally constrained by sea-floor spreading magnetic anomalies because the Cretaceous constant polarity interval is adjacent to the OCT. Thinned continental crust can be distinguished from oceanic crust by the nature of the lower crustal velocity structure. In 1986-1987, a series of seismic refraction profiles was shot across three parts of the Iberian Abyssal Plain, the OCT can be detected not only from seismic velocities but also by modeling magnetic anomalies. The chosen location of the OCT is consistent with the interpretation of subsequently acquired multichannel profiles. Off Galicia Bank, the OCT, recognized from seismic velocities and multichannel profiles, corresponds to a seabed peridotite ridge, which has been extensively sampled. In the Tagus Abyssal Plain, limited seismic data gives a less clear picture of the OCT.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Whitmarsh, R.B.; Miles, P.R.; Pinheiro, L.M. (Inst. of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Lab., Surrey (United Kingdom)); Boillot, G. (Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie, Villefranchesur-Mer (France)); Recq, M. (Univ. de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest (France))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">373</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4098662"> <span id="translatedtitle">The antegrade <span class="hlt">continence</span> enema procedure and total anorectal reconstruction</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Patients may present with anal incontinence (AI) following repair of a congenital anorectal anomaly years previously, or require total anorectal reconstruction (TAR) following radical rectal extirpation, most commonly for rectal cancer. Others may require removal of their colostomy following sphincter excision for Fournier's gangrene, or in cases of severe perineal trauma. Most of the data pertaining to antegrade <span class="hlt">continence</span> enema (the ACE or Malone procedure) comes from the pediatric literature in the management of children with AI, but also with supervening chronic constipation, where the quality of life and compliance with this technique appears superior to retrograde colonic washouts. Total anorectal reconstruction requires an anatomical or physical supplement to the performance of a perineal colostomy, which may include an extrinsic muscle interposition (which may or may not be ‘dynamized'), construction of a neorectal reservoir, implantation of an incremental artificial bowel sphincter or creation of a terminal, smooth-muscle neosphincter. The advantages and disadvantages of these techniques and their outcome are presented here. PMID:24759342</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zbar, Andrew P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">374</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/272211"> <span id="translatedtitle">Preparation of northern mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> petroleum atlas</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Project will develop a prototype for a digital and hard-copy atlas of petroleum fields and reservoirs in the northern Mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> region. A limited number of reservoirs in Kansas are to be included in the prototype project, but the goal is to expand beyond the prototype atlas to include significant reservoirs representing the major plays in Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota, the Williston basin portion of Montana, the Denver-Julesburg basin of eastern Colorado and southeastern Colorado. Primary products of the prototype atlas will be on-line accessible digital data bases covering two selected petroleum plays in Kansas. `Pages` and data schema for the first field studies of the atlas have been developed and are accessible through the World-Wide-Web. The atlas structure includes access to geologic, geophysical and production information at levels from the regional, to the field to the individual well. Several approaches have been developed that provide efficient and flexible screening and search procedures. The prototype of the digital atlas is accessible through the Kansas Geological Survey Petroleum Research Section (PRS) HomePage (The Universal Resource Locator [URL] is http://www.kgs. ukans.edu/PRS/PRS.html). The DPA HomePage is available directly at http://www.kg.ukans.edu/DPA/dpaHome.html. Technology transfer is underway through the use of monthly electronic updates and the on- line availability of DPA products. Quarterly Progress Reports are posted on the digital Petroleum Atlas HomePage.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gerhard, L.C.; Carr, T.R.; Watney, W.L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-04-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">375</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21805755"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence nursing considerations at the end of life.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence occurs at the end of life either as a consequence of treatment(s) for a urologic health condition or as the result of disease progression. End-of-life <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence conditions include bladder abnormalities (urge, emptying, hesitancy), infection, and/or the need for diversional methods. Alterations in skin integrity may be the result of previous treatment(s) to the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> system and lower abdomen, or from <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence. Treated <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence at the end of life provides dignity and will maintain quality of life. This article describes the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> care needs and options for individuals receiving end-of-life care. PMID:21805755</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Baker, Becky; Ward-Smith, Peggy</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">376</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4147985"> <span id="translatedtitle">Human <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Exosomes as Innate Immune Effectors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Exosomes are small extracellular vesicles, approximately 50 nm in diameter, derived from the endocytic pathway and released by a variety of cell types. Recent data indicate a spectrum of exosomal functions, including RNA transfer, antigen presentation, modulation of apoptosis, and shedding of obsolete protein. Exosomes derived from all nephron segments are also present in human urine, where their function is unknown. Although one report suggested in vitro uptake of exosomes by renal cortical collecting duct cells, most studies of human <span class="hlt">urinary</span> exosomes have focused on biomarker discovery rather than exosome function. Here, we report results from in-depth proteomic analyses and EM showing that normal human <span class="hlt">urinary</span> exosomes are significantly enriched for innate immune proteins that include antimicrobial proteins and peptides and bacterial and viral receptors. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> exosomes, but not the prevalent soluble <span class="hlt">urinary</span> protein uromodulin (Tamm–Horsfall protein), potently inhibited growth of pathogenic and commensal Escherichia coli and induced bacterial lysis. Bacterial killing depended on exosome structural integrity and occurred optimally at the acidic pH typical of urine from omnivorous humans. Thus, exosomes are innate immune effectors that contribute to host defense within the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract. PMID:24700864</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hiemstra, Thomas F.; Charles, Philip D.; Gracia, Tannia; Hester, Svenja S.; Gatto, Laurent; Al-Lamki, Rafia; Floto, R. Andres; Su, Ya; Skepper, Jeremy N.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">377</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20228515"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> infection before and after prostatectomy.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">To determine the prevalence of pre and post prostatectomy related <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection and its correlation with peri-operative events, we studied 120 patients who underwent prostatectomy due to benign prostatic hypertrophy from September 2005 to September 2006. Urine cultures were performed before the operations, after a week, and three months later. Data including prostate volume, prostatic specific antigen (PSA), post voiding residue (PVR) and histopathological reports as well as the duration of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> leak, bladder irrigation, hospitalization, and catheterization were studied. The mean age of the studied patients was 70.5 +/- 8 years. Significant preoperative bacteriuria was revealed in 18 (15%) patients of whom 14(77%) patients developed negative cultures following the operation. Postoperative bacteriuria was detected in 9(7.5%) patients who negative urine cultures preoperatively. Pre and post operative micro-organisms were different in the majority of the cases. The mean PSA was higher in patients with a positive history of infection. Following prostatectomy, patients with positive urine cultures had significantly longer <span class="hlt">urinary</span> leakage, catheterization, and hospital stays compared with those who remained culture negative. We conclude that the incidence of positive urine culture pri-prostatectomy for BPH can be improved by appropriate antibiotic therapy, and the risk factors for postoperative <span class="hlt">urinary</span> infection include preoperative infection, prolonged <span class="hlt">urinary</span> leakage, catheterization, and hospital stay. The elevated PSA may be a risk factor. PMID:20228515</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pourmand, Gholamreza; Abedi, Amir Reza; Karami, Ali Akbar; Khashayar, Patricia; Mehrsai, Abdul Rasoul</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">378</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3627353"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract development and disease</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Congenital Anomalies of the Lower <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract (CALUT) are a family of birth defects of the ureter, the bladder and the urethra. CALUT includes ureteral anomalies such as congenital abnormalities of the ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) and ureterovesical junction (UVJ), and birth defects of the bladder and the urethra such as bladder-exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC), prune belly syndrome (PBS), and posterior urethral valves (PUV). CALUT is one of the most common birth defects and is often associated with antenatal hydronephrosis, vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract obstruction, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections (UTI), chronic kidney disease and renal failure in children. Here, we discuss the current genetic and molecular knowledge about lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract development and genetic basis of CALUT in both human and mouse models. We provide an overview of the developmental processes leading to the formation of the ureter, bladder, and urethra, and different genes and signaling pathways controlling these developmental processes. Human genetic disorders that affect the ureter, bladder and urethra and associated gene mutations are also presented. As we are entering the post-genomic era of personalized medicine, information in this article may provide useful interpretation for the genetic and genomic test results collected from patients with lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract birth defects. With evidence-based interpretations, clinicians may provide more effective personalized therapies to patients and genetic counseling for their families. PMID:23408557</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rasouly, Hila Milo; Lu, Weining</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">379</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://kaplan.earth.huji.ac.il/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Eglinton-Timothy.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Dynamics of Organic Matter Cycling on the <span class="hlt">Continents</span> and in the Oceans T.I. Eglinton</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Dynamics of Organic Matter Cycling on the <span class="hlt">Continents</span> and in the Oceans T.I. Eglinton Geological, occurring both on the <span class="hlt">continents</span> and in the oceans, and exerting hysteresis in the carbon cycle. #12;</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Simon, Emmanuel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">380</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6384965"> <span id="translatedtitle">Highlights of 1983 industry activity in Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> - good signs in difficult times</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Drilling activity in the Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> has suffered from the industry slump. Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> industry activity, however, remains surprisingly strong when compared to the total United States. In 1982, four Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> basins ranked inthe top ten based on total completions. Two provinces - Anadarko basin and Chautauqua platform - ranked in the top ten based on drilling and completion expenditures. Despite mature development of most Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> producing provinces, 1982 exploratory drilling continued strong and yielded good success. Seven Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> provinces ranked in the top ten based on density of wildcat drilling activity. Four provinces ranked in the top ten based on number of wildcats and best success ratios. Coupled with active exploratory drilling both Oklahoma (+ 2.8%) and Kansas (+ 3.8%) increased their annual crude-oil production. Average 1982 oil well initial potentials increased by 30% to 30 bbl/day in Kansas and by 9% to 58 bbl/day in Oklahoma. The increased productive potential coupled with lower drilling costs indicates the potential for improved investment return for Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span> wells. The 1983 drilling and exploratory activity are reviewed to highlight positive factors and trends that support continued healthy industry activity in the Mid-<span class="hlt">Continent</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stark, P.H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_19 div --> <div id="page_20" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">381</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1029710"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Continence</span> in patients with spina bifida: long term results.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">One hundred and forty four questionnaires relating to bladder and bowel control were sent to a random selection of patients with spina bifida throughout the United Kingdom. One hundred and seventeen questionnaires were returned, of which 109 were usable. Twenty eight out of 109 responders had undergone some form of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> diversion, of whom 20 (71%) were reliably dry. The remaining 81 responders emptied their bladders by a variety of techniques including normal voiding, straining, expression, clean intermittent catheterisation, indwelling catheters, or they dribbled urine continuously. Only 31 (38%) of this group were reliably dry. Ninety four of 109 (86%) responders regularly sat on the toilet to evacuate their bowels and most used some aid such as manual evacuation, laxatives, suppositories, or enemas. Fifty five of 104 (53%) responders soiled regularly, 31 (56%) of whom were also wet. Forty seven per cent of dry patients (24/51) were faecally incontinent. Only 25 of 104 (24%) patients responding to all questions were reliably clean and dry. PMID:8129429</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Malone, P S; Wheeler, R A; Williams, J E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">382</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12482993"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nonvascular interventions of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nonvascular intervention of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract is a well-established uroradiologic subspecialty, which is more important for avoiding invasive open surgery in the age of rising demand about the value of less invasive treatment. Various kinds of nonvascular intervention are recently performed under image-guidance and are as follows: percutaneous nephrostomy, percutaneous nephrostolithotomy, percutaneous dilatation of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract, sclerotherapy for renal cysts, percutaneous catheter drainage, percutaneous foreign body retrieval and biopsy. Percutaneous nephrostomy is a basic technique to provide a direct access to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract, which makes it possible to perform other interventional procedures. Although nonvascular intervention may produce some complications, it is generally considered to be less invasive than open surgery and has advantages such as short hospital stay, early return to normal life and therefore economic savings. This review is described to help clinicians easily understand the procedures, indications, techniques, and complications with figures of cases the authors experienced. PMID:12482993</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Park, Byung Kwan; Kim, Seung Hyup; Moon, Min Hoan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">383</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1404662"> <span id="translatedtitle">Alterations in bile following <span class="hlt">urinary</span> intestinal diversion.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In order to determine whether alterations in bile occur which make it more lithogenic when intestinal segments are interposed in the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract, 42 female Sprague-Dawley rats had intestinal and urointestinal manipulations followed by analysis of bile constituents. Timed collections were obtained from the common bile duct which were analyzed for bile acids, phospholipids, cholesterol, bilirubin, volume, osmolality, pH, calcium, chloride, sodium, and potassium. Changes in bile constituents were identified following <span class="hlt">urinary</span> diversion which were specific for the type of diversion and the segment of bowel used, but they were not of sufficient degree to cause significant changes in the lithogenicity of bile. This correlates well with the lack of clinical findings of cholelithiasis in children with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> intestinal diversion. PMID:1404662</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jones, J S; McDougal, W S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">384</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1663226"> <span id="translatedtitle">Drifting <span class="hlt">continents</span> and endemic goitre in northern Pakistan.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Although Baltistan, north east Pakistan, is in a region of iodine deficiency disorders, the distribution of goitre within the district, according to age and sex, has not been clearly defined. To establish the prevalence of the condition and to measure the reported difference in prevalence in the north and south of the district thyroid size was assessed in new patients attending the Aman clinic, Khapalu, and outlying areas between April and September from 1981 to 1986. Samples of potable water collected from villages were analysed for iodine (as iodide) concentrations in Britain. Population weighted prevalences were: in the north in males 20.4%, in females 28.1% and in the south in males 13.9%, in females 21.2%. There was an overall deficiency of iodine in the water (mean iodine (as iodide) concentrations (north) 11.0 nmol/l (1.4 micrograms/l), (south) 11.8 nmol/l (1.5 micrograms/l) (95% confidence interval -0.7 to 0.9). The differences followed the Main Karakoram Thrust, suggesting a geological goitrogen in the north, which might be minerals containing ions such as BF4- and SO3F-, and molybdenite and calcium, which are present in rocks in Baltistan. A new hypothesis for the genesis of endemic goitre is proposed--that is, that <span class="hlt">continents</span> on crustal plates drift across the earth and collide, one plate sliding under the other and melting, giving rise to characteristic mineral assemblages in the overlying rocks. As the minerals weather out they enter the diet of the local population, where in the presence of iodine deficiency they produce or enhance iodine deficiency disorders. Despite the current iodised oil campaign by the Pakistani government with Unicef a long term working iodisation programme is still urgently needed. PMID:2372605</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stewart, A G</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">385</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5578939"> <span id="translatedtitle">Stratigraphy, structure, and extent of the East <span class="hlt">Continent</span> Rift Basin</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The proven existence of pre-Mt. Simon sedimentary rocks named the Middle Run Formation in southwestern Ohio led to the establishment of the Cincinnati Arch Consortium, a joint industry-government partnership to investigate the areal extent, nature, and origin of this new unit. Utilizing available well, seismic, and potential-field data, the consortium has shown that the Middle Run was deposited in a Precambrian rift basin, named the East <span class="hlt">Continent</span> Rift Basin (ECRB). These data indicate the ECRB assemblage consists of a large folded and faulted wedge of interlayered volcanic and sedimentary rocks, unconformably overlain by Cambrian strata. This wedge is estimated to be thickest (up to about 22,000 feet) on the western edge, where it is in fault contact with Grenville Province rocks. To the west, the ECRB may extend as far as central Illinois and postdates the Precambrian Granite-Rhyolite Province rocks. The contact between the ECRB and this older province appears to be in part an angular unconformity and in part block faulted. The northern limit of this basin was not encountered in the study area; this may indicate a connection with the Midcontinent Rift in Michigan. In central Kentucky, the boundary conditions are more complex. It appears that the ECRB is constricted between a large block of the Granite-Rhyolite Province to the west and the Grenville Front on the east. Large Cambrian extensional structures (Rough Creek Graben and Rome Trough) were overprinted on the Granite-Rhyolite and Grenville Provinces. The ECRB may have acted as a stable block between these Cambrian features. The relationships of the ECRB to overlying Paleozoic features may be profound. Indeed, the ECRB may prove to be the reason for the very existence of the Cincinnati and Kankakee Arches.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wickstrom, L.H. (Cincinnati Arch Consortium and Ohio Geological Survey, Columbus, OH (United States))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">386</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/595632"> <span id="translatedtitle">Preparation of northern mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> petroleum atlas</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The prototype Digital Petroleum Atlas (DPA) Project is part of a long-term effort to develop a new methodology to provide efficient and timely access to the latest petroleum data and technology for the domestic oil and gas industry, public sector research organizations and local governmental units. The DPA provides real-time access through the Internet using widely available tools such as World-Wide-Web browsers. The latest technologies and information are published electronically when individual project components are completed removing the lag and expense of transferring technology using traditional paper publication. Active links, graphical user interfaces and database search mechanisms of the DPA provide a product with which the operator can interact in ways that are impossible in the paper publication. Contained in the DPA are forms of publication that can only be displayed in an electronic environment (for example, animated exploration histories through time). Improvement in data and technology access for the domestic petroleum industry represents one of the best and cost-effective options that is available for mitigating the continued decline in domestic production. The prototype DPA concentrated on developing methodologies and computerized procedures to generate and to publish a limited set of field and play studies concentrated in Kansas and to a lesser extent the Northern Mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span>. Access is provided through the DPA to previously existing and new regional, play, field and individual well information. Methodologies, developed in year one of the prototype DPA Project, provide a published product and ongoing technology transfer activity that is continuously updated with the latest information and technology.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gerhard, L.C.; Carr, T.R.; Watney, W.L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-02-13</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">387</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1992Geo....20..975V"> <span id="translatedtitle">Jurassic paleopole controversy: Contributions from the Atlantic-bordering <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Early-early Middle Jurassic and Early Cretaceous mean paleopoles for North America, Europe, South America, and Africa are very well grouped in appropriate continental reconstructions, but the intervening late Middle and Late Jurassic segment of the apparent polar wander path (APWP) is poorly defined and controversial. The available paleopoles, reconstructed for the partial opening of the central Atlantic Ocean, form a scattered grouping with no coherent age patterns, illustrating that they do not constitute a robust data set. Uncertainties in the reconstruction parameters between North America and Europe also play a role. However, excellent paleomagnetic results exist for tectonic elements near the margin of west Gondwana that are unlikely to have been significantly displaced with respect to cratonic Africa and South America. These results have not previously been used for APWP reconstructions, because local rotations are thought to have deflected the paleopoles in many cases. The inclinations of such results, however, can be used to determine a locus of paleopole positions. Paleopole loci for about 150 and 170 Ma were determined from results from Spain, Italy, Lebanon, and the Chilean Andes, and these were rotated with appropriate parameters to give locus intersections in North American coordinates. A late Middle Jurassic (early Callovian) best estimate of the paleopole in North American coordinates is located at about lat 70°N, long 135°E, and a Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian) best estimate is located at about 70°N, 155°E. The resulting Jurassic-Early Cretaceous APWP follows roughly the 70th parallel, passing through the middle of the scattered individual paleopoles from the cratonic parts of the Atlantic-bordering <span class="hlt">continents</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">van der Voo, Rob</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">388</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002AGUFM.U21B..10W"> <span id="translatedtitle">Antarctica and IGY: New Frontiers in "A <span class="hlt">Continent</span> for Science"</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Antarctica was established as a laboratory for cooperative international science during the last IGY, and remains an unparalleled model of successful international research. The scientific foundations established in the IGY have led to significant advances in understanding processes in the solid earth, the atmosphere, the oceans, the cryosphere and the global climate system. It is increasingly clear that deciphering the feedbacks and interactions between these spheres is required to comprehend the earth system as a whole, hence understanding the unique Antarctic geodynamic environment is imperative. Yet, in many respects, Antarctica remains an unexplored frontier of the earth system. The Antarctic geoscience community has begun planning a new era of earth science exploration projected to reach fruition at the time of the IGY golden jubilee (see: http://www.geology.ohio-state.edu/agg-group/). International cooperation will be organized through SCAR (Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research). An `Antarctic Geophysical Decade' will include experiments at unprecedented scales across the <span class="hlt">continent</span>, enabled by new technologies. Coordinated airborne and marine geophysical surveys, drilling (offshore and through the ice sheet to bedrock), deployment of GPS and seismic arrays, topical geological studies, and modeling studies, integrated with the wealth of new and upcoming satellite-derived data, will allow us to make the next leaps forward in understanding questions such as: 1) how changing ice mass loads influence lithospheric stress/strain regimes; 2) how glacial isostatic adjustment and the tectono-thermal structure of the lithosphere control modern ice sheet dynamics; 3) inception, growth and fluctuations of Antarctic ice sheets and interhemispheric a/synchroneity; 4) climate sensitivity to forcing factors such as continental-scale paleogeography, volcanism, erosion/sedimentation; 5) the origin and evolution of subglacial lakes and their life forms; and 6) the mode and tempo of supercontinent assembly and dispersal, and relations to global climate change and biotic evolution through earth history.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wilson, T.; Anandakrishnan, S.; Deconto, R.; Finn, C.; Harwood, D.; Leventer, A.; Ritzwoller, M.; Tulaczyk, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">389</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003AGUFM.S52G..01C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Deep Upwelling Beneath the Northeastern Afro-Arabian <span class="hlt">Continent</span>?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A large low shear-wave velocity anomaly is observed at upper-mantle depths beneath the northeastern Afro-Arabian <span class="hlt">continent</span>, from the Turkana depression, South-West of Ethiopia, to the Red sea and South of Arabia. The question of connection between this anomaly and a source of material rising from the lower mantle is of major concern for understanding how a plume associated with the African superswell could interact with the upper mantle structure in the region. Thanks to the deployment of five broadband stations in Ethiopia and Yemen (INSU-RLBM), complementing several sets of broad-band stations in Arabia, Ethiopia and Djibouti (IRIS, Geoscope, PASSCAL) we address this question by using two broadband seismological tools: 1) higher-mode surface wave tomography and 2) receiver function technique. Higher-mode surface waves tomography shows a clear low shear-wave velocity anomaly down to 400 km depth beneath the Ethiopian plateau and the Afar depression. In a paper by Debayle et al. (2001), no continuity of this anomaly with a deeper low-velocity anomaly is observed beneath Ethiopia. Instead, a deeper low-velocity anomaly (down to ~500-600 km depth) was observed farther north beneath the Red Sea and South of Arabia, suggesting a possible link with lower mantle material rising there. Applying a SVD receiver function technique to a set of broad-band records from Arabia to Ethiopia, including Yemen, we discuss the above suggestion by looking at the seismic discontinuities of the upper-mantle transition zone.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cara, M.; Wittlinger, G.; Debayle, E.; Sieminski, A.; Montagner, J. P.; Lepine, J. C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">390</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3678514"> <span id="translatedtitle">Antibiotic prophylaxis for <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections after removal of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheter: meta-analysis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective To determine whether antibiotic prophylaxis at the time of removal of a <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheter reduces the risk of subsequent symptomatic <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published before November 2012 identified through PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library; conference abstracts for 2006-12 were also reviewed. Inclusion criteria Studies were included if they examined antibiotic prophylaxis administered to prevent symptomatic <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection after removal of a short term (?14 days) <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheter. Results Seven controlled studies had symptomatic <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection after catheter removal as an endpoint; six were randomized controlled trials (five published; one in abstract form) and one was a non-randomized controlled intervention study. Five of these seven studies were in surgical patients. Studies were heterogeneous in the type and duration of antimicrobial prophylaxis and the period of observation. Overall, antibiotic prophylaxis was associated with benefit to the patient, with an absolute reduction in risk of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection of 5.8% between intervention and control groups. The risk ratio was 0.45 (95% confidence interval 0.28 to 0.72). The number needed to treat to prevent one <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection was 17 (12 to 30). Conclusions Patients admitted to hospital who undergo short term <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheterization might benefit from antimicrobial prophylaxis when the catheter is removed as they experience fewer subsequent <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections. Potential disadvantages of more widespread antimicrobial prophylaxis (side effects and cost of antibiotics, development of antimicrobial resistance) might be mitigated by the identification of which patients are most likely to benefit from this approach. PMID:23757735</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">391</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/unusual-cancers-childhood/Patient/page6"> <span id="translatedtitle">Unusual Cancers of the Reproductive and <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... passes through the urethra and leaves the body. Anatomy of the female <span class="hlt">urinary</span> system showing the kidneys, ... deferens and vessels and nerves of the testicles. Anatomy of the male reproductive and <span class="hlt">urinary</span> systems, showing ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">392</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=62173"> <span id="translatedtitle">MX-INDUCED <span class="hlt">URINARY</span> BLADDER EPITHELIAL HYPERPLASIA IN EKER RATS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">MX-INDUCED <span class="hlt">URINARY</span> BLADDER EPITHELIAL HYPERPLASIA IN EKER RATS Epidemiological studies have shown a positive association between chronic exposure to chlorinated drinking water and human cancer, particularly of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder. MX (3- chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydrox...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">393</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19810016146&hterms=continent&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dcontinent"> <span id="translatedtitle">The thermal influence of <span class="hlt">continents</span> on a model-generated January climate</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Two climate simulations were compared. Both climate computations were initialized with the same horizontally uniform state of rest. However, one is carried out on a water planet (without <span class="hlt">continents</span>), while the second is repeated on a planet with geographically realistic but flat (sea level) <span class="hlt">continents</span>. The <span class="hlt">continents</span> in this experiment have a uniform albedo of 0.14, except where snow accumulates, a uniform roughness height of 0.3 m, and zero water storage capacity. Both runs were carried out for a 'perpetual January' with solar declination fixed at January 15.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Spar, J.; Cohen, C.; Wu, P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">394</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.uea.ac.uk/~tpr10qku/docs/SimonPeatman_seminar_20130503.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Scale interaction between the Madden-Julian Oscillation and the diurnal cycle of precipitation over the Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">the Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> Simon Peatman Dr Adrian Matthews, Prof. David Stevens AOC Seminar Friday 3rd May 2013 of precipitation over the Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> Peatman SC, Matthews AJ, Stevens DP. 2013. Propagation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation through the Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> and scale interaction with the diurnal cycle of precipitation. Q. J</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Matthews, Adrian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">395</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://isterre.fr/docrestreint.api/6670/04444a82d4296ec8a727e49b79c8895c008a088b/pdf/2013_GRL_Renard.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Constant dimensionality of fault roughness from the scale of micro-fractures to the scale of <span class="hlt">continents</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">of <span class="hlt">continents</span> François Renard,1,2 Thibault Candela,1,3 and Elisabeth Bouchaud4,5 Received 12 October 2012 of <span class="hlt">continents</span>, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, doi:10.1029/2012GL054143. 1. Introduction [2] In the present study, we-scales. At the scale of the whole Earth's crust, the corrugated shapes of several <span class="hlt">continents</span>, such as the West coast</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">396</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.earthbyte.org/people/dietmar/Pdf/DiCaprio_etal_Australia_tilting_EPSL2009.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Long-wavelength tilting of the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span> since the Late Cretaceous Lydia DiCaprio a,b,</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Long-wavelength tilting of the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span> since the Late Cretaceous Lydia DiCaprio a Discordance paleo-shoreline Global sea level and the pattern of marine inundation on the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span>, downward tilting of the <span class="hlt">continent</span> to the northeast by 300 m since the Eocene. This downward tilting</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Müller, Dietmar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">397</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://idke.ruc.edu.cn/resources/Sigmod%20Record/Ricardo%20Baeza-Yates.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Ricardo Baeza-Yates Speaks Out on CS Research in Latin America, His Multi-<span class="hlt">continent</span> Commute for</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Ricardo Baeza-Yates Speaks Out on CS Research in Latin America, His Multi-<span class="hlt">continent</span> Commute research as we are doing now at Yahoo!. I have heard of telecommuting, but not between <span class="hlt">continents</span>. How do <span class="hlt">continent</span>? SIGMOD Record, December 2007 (Vol. 36, No. 4) 35 #12;Right, I view it as a single lab. In some</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">398</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://jaeger.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/msandifo/Publications/Manuscripts/Manuscripts/2009_AJES_a.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Constraints on the current rate of deformation and surface uplift of the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span> from a new</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Constraints on the current rate of deformation and surface uplift of the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span> from of the current rate of deformation and surface uplift for the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span> are derived by integration of a new seismic database and show that parts of the <span class="hlt">continent</span> are currently experiencing deformation</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sandiford, Mike</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">399</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/16/20/22/PDF/Afrique_glob.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">L'Afrique, un <span class="hlt">continent</span> et ses territoires en mondialisation Frdric Giraut, Universit Joseph Fourier, UMR PACTE & IRD</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">1 L'Afrique, un <span class="hlt">continent</span> et ses territoires en mondialisation Frédéric Giraut, Université Joseph certainement qui touche le plus durement et le plus spécifiquement le <span class="hlt">continent</span> africain, y compris dans son presse lorsqu'ils tentent d'évaluer le niveau de développement et la participation du <span class="hlt">continent</span> à la</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paris-Sud XI, Université de</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">400</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/58/38/52/PDF/J._geophys._Res._2007_GrignA_.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Convection under a lid of finite conductivity in wide aspect ratio models: Effect of <span class="hlt">continents</span> on the</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Convection under a lid of finite conductivity in wide aspect ratio models: Effect of <span class="hlt">continents</span> <span class="hlt">continent</span>-like heterogeneities. Indeed, the presence of a finitely conducting lid on top of a convective ratio models: Effect of <span class="hlt">continents</span> on the wavelength of mantle flow, J. Geophys. Res., 112, B08403, doi</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paris-Sud XI, Université de</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_20 div --> <div id="page_21" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">401</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.earthbyte.org/Resources/Pdf/DiCaprio_etal_Australia_Tilting_Lithosphere_inpress.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mantle dynamics of <span class="hlt">continent</span>-wide Cenzoic subsidence and tilting of Australia1 Lydia DiCaprio1*</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Mantle dynamics of <span class="hlt">continent</span>-wide Cenzoic subsidence and tilting of Australia1 2 Lydia DiCaprio1-scale flooding history of the <span class="hlt">continent</span> to24 mantle convection since 50 Ma. Subduction-driven geodynamic models produce the observed <span class="hlt">continent</span>-wide subsidence with29 300 m of northeast downward tilt since the Eocene</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Müller, Dietmar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">402</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://polarmet.osu.edu/PolarMet/PMGFulldocs/parish_bromwich_mwr_2007.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reexamination of the Near-Surface Airflow over the Antarctic <span class="hlt">Continent</span> and Implications on Atmospheric Circulations at High Southern Latitudes*</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Reexamination of the Near-Surface Airflow over the Antarctic <span class="hlt">Continent</span> and Implications) ABSTRACT Previous work has shown that winds in the lower atmosphere over the Antarctic <span class="hlt">continent</span> are among the mean annual and seasonal airflow patterns over the Antarctic <span class="hlt">continent</span> to compare with previous</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Howat, Ian M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">403</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hal.inria.fr/docs/00/66/53/67/PDF/Echavarri_et_al_all.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">CNTb, a set of scripts for batch processing and statistical analysis of photon correlation spectroscopy data via <span class="hlt">CONTIN</span> inversion</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">spectroscopy data via <span class="hlt">CONTIN</span> inversion I. Echavarri Franco, J. Combet, and F. Schosseler Institut Charles allowing a batch inversion of series of photon correlation spectroscopy data files via <span class="hlt">CONTIN</span> with a single is needed to test the reproducibility and the reliability of <span class="hlt">CONTIN</span> output in difficult experimental</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Boyer, Edmond</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">404</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2626932"> <span id="translatedtitle">Calcifying nanoparticles associated encrusted <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder cystitis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Encrusted cystitis is a subtype of chronic cystitis characterized by multiple calcifications in the form of plaques located in the interstitium of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder mucosa and frequently associated with mucosal ulcers. It is a very rare disease of controversial etiology. Our transmission electron microscopy of the calcified plaques of encrusted cystitis has revealed that the smallest formed particles (elementary units) of these calcifications are electron-dense shells surrounding an electron lucent core, diagnostic of calcifying nanoparticles (previously called nanobacteria). We pioneer the notion that calcifying nanoparticles are the causative agents of encrusted <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder cystitis. PMID:18990947</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jelic, Tomislav M; Roque, Rod; Yasar, Uzay; Tomchin, Shayna B; Serrato, Jose M; Deem, Samuel G; Tierney, James P; Chang, Ho-Huang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">405</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4288837"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Bladder Hemangioma –A Rare <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Bladder Tumor in a Child</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> bladder hemangiomas are rare, accounting for 0.6% of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder tumors. Hemangioma is considered arising from embryonic stem cells of an angioblastic lineage. A 3-year old boy presented with hematuria. He had past operative history of excision of extensive lymphatic malformation involving retroperitoneum, pelvis and upper thigh. Computed tomography scan of abdomen and pelvis with contrast revealed a large soft tissue mass arising from the dome of the bladder. Partial cystectomy was done. Histopathology confirmed the mass as cavernous hemangioma of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder. PMID:25628995</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sanklecha, Vandana; Valand, Arvind</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">406</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25628995"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> bladder hemangioma -a rare <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder tumor in a child.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> bladder hemangiomas are rare, accounting for 0.6% of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder tumors. Hemangioma is considered arising from embryonic stem cells of an angioblastic lineage. A 3-year old boy presented with hematuria. He had past operative history of excision of extensive lymphatic malformation involving retroperitoneum, pelvis and upper thigh. Computed tomography scan of abdomen and pelvis with contrast revealed a large soft tissue mass arising from the dome of the bladder. Partial cystectomy was done. Histopathology confirmed the mass as cavernous hemangioma of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder. PMID:25628995</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jibhkate, Shubhangi; Sanklecha, Vandana; Valand, Arvind</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">407</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29192656"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mechanism of impaired <span class="hlt">urinary</span> concentration in chronic primary glomerulonephritis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Mechanism of impaired <span class="hlt">urinary</span> concentration in chronic primary glomerulonephritis. To define the role of medullary damage and the influence of solute load and blood pressure (BP) in impairing <span class="hlt">urinary</span> concentration, patients with chronic glomerulonephritis were investigated by histological and functional studies. In 59 biopsy specimens, the degree of medullary fibrosis was correlated inversely with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> specific gravity and was significantly</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Giuseppe Conte; Antonio Dal Canton; Giorgio Fuiano; Maurizio Terribile; Massimo Sabbatini; Mario Balletta; Pasquale Stanziale; Vittorio E Andreucci</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">408</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31263626"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse in nulliparous women</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective: To determine differences between vaginally parous and nulliparous women presenting with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse.Methods: Seven hundred forty eight consecutive referrals with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse, 62 of whom were nulliparous, were included in the analysis. Five hundred thirty-seven (72%) had <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence and 235 (31%) had at least stage III pelvic organ prolapse. Each</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Robert L Harris; Geoffrey W Cundiff; Kimberly W Coates; Richard C Bump</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">409</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/4ykytc2yv28ypnrg.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Acute renal damage in infants after first <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common causes of unexplained fever in neonates. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract anomalies and acute renal damage in neonates who presented with first <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection in the first 8 weeks of life. We reviewed the records of 95 infants, who were hospitalised</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Salvatore Cascio; Boris Chertin; Akihiro Yoneda; Udo Rolle; Jeremiah Kelleher; Prem Puri</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">410</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/92/45/02/PDF/1756-3305-7-5.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">RESEARCH Open Access Prevalence and intensity of <span class="hlt">urinary</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">strategies. In Senegal, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> schistosomiasis has been wide- spread and poses a public health problemRESEARCH Open Access Prevalence and intensity of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> schistosomiasis among school children and Cheikh Sokhna1* Abstract Background: <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease that exists in all</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paris-Sud XI, Université de</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">411</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012AGUFM.T13I..05O"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Continent-continent</span> collision at the Pacific/Australian plate boundary: Lithospheric deformation, mountain building, and subsequent scientific endeavors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Continental collision occurs at strike-slip plate boundaries where transform motion and oblique convergence create processes of surficial mountain building and deformation within the deeper crust and lithospheric mantle. The Pacific/Australian transform plate boundary in South Island, New Zealand, is characterized by active oblique <span class="hlt">continent-continent</span> collision with an associated Southern Alps orogen that exhibits both high exhumation rates and rapid strike-slip movement. Beginning in the 1990s, this system was the focus of a decade-long collaborative USA-New Zealand multi-disciplinary study to understand lithospheric structure and processes involved in this transpression. Funded primarily by the NSF Continental Dynamics program and the New Zealand Science Foundation, this project known as SIGHT (South Island Geophysical Transect) with its companion SAPSE (Southern Alps Passive Seismic Experiment) included the following disciplines that involved substantial field observation experiments: seismic reflection, explosion refraction, onshore-offshore wide-angle reflection/refraction, regional and teleseismic passive seismology, magnetotellurics, laboratory petrophysics, gravity, regional geological investigations, and rheological analyses. More than fifty scientists and students from both nations participated in the combined set of studies that have led to over forty-five journal publications, an AGU Monograph, and a dozen graduate theses. Primary results of the project indicate the Pacific-Australian strike-slip plate boundary (Alpine fault) is not vertical but is eastward dipping and rheologically weak based on diverse geophysical data. Most deformation is within the Pacific plate that hosts the Southern Alps orogen. High mantle seismic velocities vertically disposed beneath the orogen suggest Pacific and perhaps Australian mantle lithosphere contribute to a zone of plate-boundary-parallel distributed mantle shortening. The crustal root of the overlying Southern Alps is larger than needed to support surface topography, and is offset from its topographic high, consistent with dynamic thickening of the Pacific crust by the mantle thickening. Teleseismic shear wave splitting is evidence of a wide zone of distributed strain for the mantle portion of the plate boundary. The collective set of results from the South Island projects have led to a number of subsequent studies by various teams, based on follow-up questions, expanded observational expertise, and international collaborative alliances with in particular the New Zealand science community. These studies include a search for the full width of Pacific/Australian distributed mantle strain using marine OBS studies, the transition from strike-slip to plate boundary subduction to the north, the search and discovery of seismic tremor on the Alpine fault, and high resolution geophysical characterization of Alpine fault seismogenesis. The success of geophysically imaging a narrow island using both marine sides led different SIGHT scientists to carry out expanded efforts to study North Island subduction and separately Taiwan mountain building. These efforts benefited and were largely motivated from multi-disciplinary, multi-national collaborations as typically supported by the NSF Continental Dynamics program.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Okaya, D. A.; Stern, T. A.; Davey, F. J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">412</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://web.science.unsw.edu.au/~stevensherwood/Sherwood00.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 27, NO. 5, PAGES 677-680, MARCH 1,2000 A Stratospheric "Drain over the Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">over the Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> Steven C. Sherwood Universities Space ResearchAssociation, Seabrook Indonesiaor the "maritime <span class="hlt">continent</span>." The argument is basedon the observationthat temperatures there match</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sherwood, Steven</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">413</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hal.inria.fr/docs/00/68/70/78/PDF/2009JB006600.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Temperature beneath <span class="hlt">continents</span> as a function of continental cover and convective wavelength</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">demonstrated that mantle global warming can occur in response to continental aggregation, possibly leading numbers of 105 to 107 containing <span class="hlt">continents</span> with sizes ranging from that of Antarctica to Pangea. Results</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Boyer, Edmond</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">414</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/79488"> <span id="translatedtitle">Convective cloud and rainfall processes over the Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> : simulation and analysis of the diurnal cycle</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Maritime <span class="hlt">Continent</span> experiences strong moist convection, which produces significant rainfall and drives large fluxes of heat and moisture to the upper troposphere. Despite the importance of these processes to global ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gianotti, Rebecca L. (Rebecca Louise)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">415</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..16.3520R"> <span id="translatedtitle">Localisation of edge driven convection beneath the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Mantle plumes are frequently invoked to explain the widespread occurrence of intraplate volcanism. However, many volcanic provinces do not conform to this paradigm and, hence, alternative explanations are required for a number of hotspots around the world. To date, these include: (i) lithospheric cracking; (ii) ductile removal of lithosphere via gravitational instability; (iii) glacial rebound; (iv) slab tear; (v) shear induced melting of the asthenosphere; and (vi) edge driven convection (EDC). In the latter case, a variety of studies have shown that a step change, or sharp transition in depth to the base of the lithosphere, drives a small-scale thermally induced convective instability, which can result in dynamic melting of upwelling mantle. However, intraplate volcanic centres in the vicinity of lithospheric steps (e.g. between continental shield regions and young lithosphere) only manifest at isolated locations, and show little tendency to elongate parallel to the lithospheric step, which might be expected for such a phenomenon. The Newer Volcanics Province (NVP) in southeast Australia is the most recent example of intraplate volcanism on the Australian <span class="hlt">continent</span>, with the last eruption dated at approximately 4.5 ka. It comprises over 700 eruption points with an east-west distribution, which is roughly perpendicular to current plate motion. The basaltic plains are generally less than 60 m thick, implying a low eruption volume, whilst topographic response is of the order of 100 m. Evidence for the mantle source of the NVP has so far been equivocal, but a general consensus is emerging that an underlying mantle plume is unlikely. In this study, we present new 3-D teleseismic tomography results, which suggest that the source of the NVP is confined to the upper mantle. Motivated by these results, we use a new and detailed lithospheric thickness model of southeast Australia to examine the influence of out-of-plane variations in thickness on EDC, via geodynamical models. The main lithospheric step occurs to the north of the NVP, but strong variations are evident in the third dimension. Our results show that significant localisation and amplification of mantle upwelling occurs almost directly beneath the NVP, as a result of the out-of plane effects. Moreover, the inclusion of current plate motion in the calculations adds a shear component to the flow, which: (i) further localises the edge-driven cell to the uppermost mantle; and (ii) has the effect of subduing EDC along lithospheric steps that lie approximately parallel to plate motion. These results have significant implications for the study of intraplate volcanism in various parts of the world.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rawlinson, Nicholas; Davies, Rhodri</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">416</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFMEP41C0812C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Quaternary Reorganization of North American Mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> Drainage Systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Identification of ancestral drainage systems in the North American mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> has been a topic of research and debate among geologists since the middle of the 19th Century. Over time our understanding of the significance of Quaternary glaciations in reshaping drainage patterns has grown. The ancestral Teays River, which drained large areas of the central Appalachians and flowed westward across Indiana and western Illinois, was dammed multiple times by Quaternary glaciers before finally being rerouted to the course of the modern central Ohio River. Similarly, the northward-flowing ancestral Pittsburgh River was dammed by pre-Illinoian glaciers; subsequent stream piracy converted this river system into the modern Allegheny, Monongahela and uppermost Ohio Rivers. Deposits and geomorphic features along the westward-flowing lower Wisconsin River indicate that the modern upper Mississippi River and Wisconsin River may have experienced a similar history of ice blockage, stream piracy, and radical rerouting. Coring into the Bridgeport strath terrace along the lower Wisconsin River reveals that the bedrock surface dips to the east, indicating the valley was cut by an eastward-flowing river. We believe the most likely scenario following this interpretation is that an ancestral river flowing along the modern upper Mississippi River valley made a sharp bend at Prairie du Chien, WI, and flowed eastward along the valley occupied by the modern lower Wisconsin River. This river, referred to here as the Wyalusing River, likely flowed northeastward into the Great Lakes (St. Lawrence) drainage until that path was blocked by ice advancing from the northwest. Subsequent stream piracy immediately south of the modern confluence of the Mississippi and Wisconsin Rivers rerouted these streams, converting them to the headwaters of the greater Mississippi drainage. The combined rerouting of these river systems into entirely different drainage basins necessitates significant fundamental changes to the total discharge of the St. Lawrence and Mississippi Rivers. While it is unclear if the Teays River ever flowed into the St. Lawrence drainage or developed as a westward-flowing tributary to the buried Mahomet valley in Illinois, both the ancestral Pittsburgh and Wyalusing Rivers originated as headwaters of the St. Lawrence basin before being rerouted as part of the Mississippi basin. The areas formerly drained by the Pittsburgh and Wyalusing Rivers comprise ~8% of the modern Mississippi River basin, and modern discharge from those areas represent ~14% of the mean annual discharge of the Mississippi River. The transfer of this drainage area and discharge to the Mississippi basin is mirrored by an equivalent loss from the St. Lawrence system during the Quaternary as a direct result of glacially-driven drainage system reorganization.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Carson, E. C.; Rawling, J. E., III; Attig, J. W.; Bates, B. R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">417</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48567455"> <span id="translatedtitle">Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span> and a Regulation Deficiency of the Pharmaceutical Industry: Rethinking State-Corporate Crime</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">On May 10, 2007, three executives of the pharmaceutical company Purdue Pharma pled guilty in federal court to misleading doctors\\u000a and patients about the risk of addiction and potential for abuse of Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span>. Additionally, Purdue Pharma paid over $600\\u000a million in fines and other payments to the United States government and the Commonwealth of Virginia. The drug Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span> was\\u000a first</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">O. Hayden Griffin; Bryan Lee Miller</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">418</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52372726"> <span id="translatedtitle">Arc-<span class="hlt">continent</span> collision: insight from self-consistent numerical modeling</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We performed 2D petrological-thermomechanical numerical modelling of oceanic-continental subduction followed by continental collision associated with closure of a backarc spreading center and accretion of a magmatic arc to the <span class="hlt">continent</span>. The initial model setup represents two <span class="hlt">continents</span> and an oceanic plate between them. The finite difference subduction\\/collision model includes spontaneous slab bending and retreat associated with backarc spreading, dehydration of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Diana Dymkova; Taras Gerya; Shah Wali Faryad; Jean-Pierre Burg</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">419</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31850695"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Concentration Defects and Mechanisms Underlying Nephronophthisis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The cystic kidney disease nephronophthisis (NPHP) is the commonest genetic cause of end-stage renal failure in young people and children. Histologically the disease is characterized by interstitial fibrosis, tubular atrophy with corticomedullary cyst development and disruption of the tubular basement membrane. Affected children present with polydipsia and polyuria, secondary to a <span class="hlt">urinary</span> concentration defect, before these structural changes develop. Recently,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rajesh Krishnan; Lorraine Eley; John A. Sayer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">420</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32645197"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Podocytes in Primary Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background\\/Aim: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome. Although the pathogenesis is not known, recent studies suggest that FSGS may be a podocyte disease. The aim of this study was to look for podocyte injury in this disease, using measurements of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> podocytes. Methods: We examined the first morning urine of the day collected from 71</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Masanori Hara; Toshio Yanagihara; Itaru Kihara</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_21 div --> <div id="page_22" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">421</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57166658"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Mucoprotein Excretion in Physical Exercise</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The average pattern of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> mucoprotein (MP) excretion was assessed in four subjects during 104 workdays. The subjects were performing their usual tasks connected with their jobs. On alternate days they were exposed to an additional treadmill exercise for one hour. On days with treadmill excerise MP excretion was elevated; however, the total excess MP excretion was not significantly different</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Francis N. Dukes-Dobos; Robert G. Keenan; Thomas J. Carlow</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1967-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">422</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32020275"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sexual Dysfunction Associated with <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">208 female patients attending an incontinence clinic gave information about their marital lives and sexual habits. 90 women (43%) maintained that their <span class="hlt">urinary</span> disorder had adversely affected sexual relations. Women with bladder instability had a significantly higher incidence of sexual dysfunction than women with pure stress incontinence.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">John Sutherst; Malcolm Brown</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">423</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/l73k60l872046737.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> retention in females: A review</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Female <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention is a common urological problem with many possible etiologies. Prior treatments attempted to decrease urethral resistance, but current neurourologic investigation has shown that this is rarely needed. Intermittent catheterization, along with diagnosing appropriate etiologic factors is the best management. If the workup reveals no organic etiology, psychological investigation may be needed because many of the patients have</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. S. Wheeler; J. S. Walter</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">424</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32050752"> <span id="translatedtitle">Recurrent Aggressive Angiomyxoma of the <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Bladder</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare neoplasm which predominantly involves the female pelvis and perineum. Forty-four cases have been reported in the world literature, including 10 cases in men. To the best of our knowledge, the first case of recurrent aggressive angiomyxoma of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bladder is presented here. Operative management, radiologic features and pathological findings are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">F. May; A. Luther; W. Mohr; R. Bachor; R. E. Hautmann</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">425</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20040141756&hterms=Urology&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3DUrology"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effects of microgravity on <span class="hlt">urinary</span> osteopontin</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Increased risk of renal stone formation during space flight has been linked primarily to increased calcium excretion from bone demineralization induced by space flight. Other factors contributing to increased risk include increased <span class="hlt">urinary</span> calcium oxalate supersaturation, while <span class="hlt">urinary</span> citrate, magnesium and volume are all decreased. The aim of this study was to increase the predictive value of stone risk profiles for crew members during space flight by evaluating the excretion of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> protein inhibitors of calcium crystallization so that more comprehensive stone risk profiles could relate mineral saturation to the concentrations of inhibitor proteins. Levels of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> osteopontin (uropontin) are reported in a series of 14 astronauts studied before, during, and after space flights. During space flight, a compensatory increase in uropontin excretion was not observed. However, the uropontin excretion of a majority of astronauts was increased during the period after space flight and was maximal at 2 wk after landing. The downward shift in the molecular size of uropontin observed in samples obtained during space flight was shown to result from storage at ambient temperature during flight, rather than an effect of microgravity on uropontin synthesis.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hoyer, J. R.; Pietrzyk, R. A.; Liu, H.; Whitson, P. A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">426</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/47697063"> <span id="translatedtitle">Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy and <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Diversion</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Most reported publications regarding laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) have focused on technical feasibility and perioperative outcomes of the institutions’ initial experiences. Subsequent construction of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> diversion remains a challenging procedure. Recent increasing experience from major medical centers worldwide indicates rising interest and expertise in LRC. We describe the histological and experimental background, surgical technique, surgical outcomes, and future directions of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Osamu Ukimura; Inderbir S. Gill</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">427</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28273665"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infections in patients with diabetes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Results of various epidemiologic studies suggest that bacteriuria and <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection (UTI) occur more commonly in women with diabetes than in women without this disease. Similar findings have been demonstrated for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB), with ASB being a risk factor for pyelonephritis and subsequent decline in renal function. Although ASB is not associated with serious health outcomes in healthy</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ann Stapleton</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">428</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/2816117"> <span id="translatedtitle">Catheter-associated <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nosocomial <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection (UTI) is the most common infection acquired in both hospitals and nursing homes and is usually associated with catheterization. This infection would be even more common but for the use of the closed catheter system. Most modifications have not improved on the closed catheter itself. Even with meticulous care, this system will not prevent bacteriuria. After</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">John W. Warren</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">429</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/35284027"> <span id="translatedtitle">Resistance of bacteria in <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Bacterial infection of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract is a common health problem in young women but also the most common nosocomial infection (>33%) contributing to the mortality of patients, and increasing the duration and cost of hospitalization. Escherichia coli is the most predominant organism and its prevalence varies in different studies. The high consumption of inappropriately prescribed antibiotics, combined with multiple</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Monique Chomarat</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">430</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/Publications.htm?seq_no_115=187224"> <span id="translatedtitle">STABILITY OF <span class="hlt">URINARY</span> METABOLITES OF STRAWBERRY ANTHOCYANINS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ars.usda.gov/services/TekTran.htm">Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The stability of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> metabolites of strawberry anthocyanins was investigated. Healthy adult volunteers consumed 200g of pureed strawberries as a bolus dose and urine was collected and pooled. Urine was acidified with 1/5 the volume of 0.44M TFA, and malvidin-3-galactose was added as an interna...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">431</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/47804141"> <span id="translatedtitle">Anatomical Considerations in <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Stone Disease</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract, all roads lead to the urethra. An understanding of its anatomy, in both the male and female, is important\\u000a for the successful and safe removal of bladder calculi and for the safe passage of both cystoscopes and ureteroscopes.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Louis Eichel; Ralph V. Clayman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">432</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32067748"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pathophysiology and Clinical Aspects of <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Lithiasis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Urine is a complex balanced solution containing dissociated and non-dissociated solutes. Any variation in urine saturation grade (number of crystals dissolved in a volume of urine), <span class="hlt">urinary</span> pH and the concentration of crystallization inhibitors can break the normal existing balance and lead to urolithiasis. In the present article we analyze the principal mechanisms (absorptive, renal, resorptive) of hypercalciuria. It will</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. Vella; M. Karydi; G. Coraci; R. Oriti; D. Melloni</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">433</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18651370"> <span id="translatedtitle">Training and 24-hr <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catecholamine excretion.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We examined the effects of 28 weeks of training on 24-hr <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catecholamine excretion and mood (evaluated using the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes RESTQ-Sport) among seven national young female tennis players. Data were collected after a 1-month rest (September, T (1)), 3 months after T1(T2) and 7 months after T1(T3). Standardized Stress and Standardized Recovery scores and RESTQ-Index were computed. The training load increased by 161 % between T1 and T2 and by 55 % between T2 and T3. The performance (wins/total number of matches) decreased throughout the study. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> catecholamine excretion presented an U-shaped curve with a significant increase in 24-hr <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catecholamine excretions, and epinephrine/norepinephrine ratio from T1 to T2 (T1 vs. T2: epinephrine: + 100 %, p < 0.05; norepinephrine: + 30 %, p < 0.05. Then, at T3, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catecholamine excretions and the epinephrine/norepinephrine ratio decreased significantly to values lower than the values observed at T1. A decrease in RESTQ-Index throughout the study was mainly based on a large increase in the Standardized Stress score. Changes in specific stress and recovery scales of the RESTQ-Sport for athletes and changes in catecholamine values indicated a state of heavy training stress and incomplete recovery at the end of the study. PMID:18651370</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Filaire, E; Rouveix, M; Duclos, M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">434</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=incontinence+AND+management&id=EJ822305"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence: Causes and Methods of Evaluation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article presents the third of a multi-part series offering the most timely educational information, innovative approaches, products and technology solutions as well as coping and stigma-fighting approaches available on the subject of incontinence. Here, the author introduces the types and physiology of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence. The author also…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Griebling, Tomas L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">435</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25416160"> <span id="translatedtitle">Is Streptococcus bovis a <span class="hlt">urinary</span> pathogen?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Streptococcus bovis group (SBG) comprises several microorganisms associated with human infections. They have been associated with bacteremia, endocarditis, biliary tract infection, meningitis, and colorectal cancer, but their role as <span class="hlt">urinary</span> pathogens is not well known. The objective of this investigation was to discover the incidence and clinical significance of the bacteriuria associated with this complex. A retrospective analysis of all adult patients with bacteriuria caused by SBG during the period 1995-2012 was carried out. During the study period, SBG was isolated in 153 adult patients, who had a mean age of 67 years, most of them being women (80 %). Most of our patients (65 %) had some underlying disease, with urologic disease being the most common (37 %), followed by diabetes mellitus (27 %) and neurologic disease (25 %). Among the 88 patients in whom we were able to correctly assess symptoms, 45 % had asymptomatic bacteriuria, 35 % had lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection, and 20 % had upper <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infection. In 14 cases (9 %), SBG was also isolated in blood cultures. Most of the isolates of SBG (72 %) were S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus. All isolates were susceptible to penicillin, 98 % to nitrofurantoin, and 77 % to fosfomycin. Although SBG bacteriuria is uncommon, it should not always be taken as a contaminant, mainly when S. pasteurianus is isolated, because it may cause <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections and, occasionally, sepsis, whereas when S. gallolyticus is isolated from urine, it may be a marker of underlying endocarditis and colorectal cancer. PMID:25416160</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Matesanz, M; Rubal, D; Iñiguez, I; Rabuñal, R; García-Garrote, F; Coira, A; García-País, M J; Pita, J; Rodriguez-Macias, A; López-Álvarez, M J; Alonso, M P; Corredoira, J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">436</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4361165"> <span id="translatedtitle">Psychosomatic Aspects of <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence in Women</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> incontinence in women is a common problem. With increasing age its prevalence and severity of its manifestations increase. Among nursing home residents the frequency is between 43 and 77?%, 6 to 10?% of all admissions to nursing homes are due to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence. The risk for <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence among women with cognitive deficits is 1.5- to 3.4-fold higher than for women without mental disorders. The most common form is stress incontinence (50?%), followed by mixed stress-urge incontinence (40?%) and purely urge incontinence (OAB = overactive bladder, 20?%). With regard to its cause, the latter remains unclarified in about 80?% of the cases. It is often difficult to treat. There are also cases in which urge incontinence is related to traumatic events. In such cases behavioural and psychotherapeutic options may be helpful. Almost inevitably every form of incontinence has psychological consequences: shame and insecurity are often results of uncontrolled loss of urine. Among others, in the long term, they lead to the avoidance of social contacts and possibly to depression and isolation. Consideration of the psychosomatics is important in the therapy for female <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence from three points of view: 1) the efficacy of treatment is better suited to the patient, 2) the treatment costs are lower, 3) the professional satisfaction of the responsible physician increases. PMID:25797959</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Debus, G.; Kästner, R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">437</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21912487"> <span id="translatedtitle">Validity of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> monoamine assay sales under the "spot baseline <span class="hlt">urinary</span> neurotransmitter testing marketing model".</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Spot baseline <span class="hlt">urinary</span> monoamine assays have been used in medicine for over 50 years as a screening test for monoamine-secreting tumors, such as pheochromocytoma and carcinoid syndrome. In these disease states, when the result of a spot baseline monoamine assay is above the specific value set by the laboratory, it is an indication to obtain a 24-hour urine sample to make a definitive diagnosis. There are no defined applications where spot baseline <span class="hlt">urinary</span> monoamine assays can be used to diagnose disease or other states directly. No peer-reviewed published original research exists which demonstrates that these assays are valid in the treatment of individual patients in the clinical setting. Since 2001, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> monoamine assay sales have been promoted for numerous applications under the "spot baseline <span class="hlt">urinary</span> neurotransmitter testing marketing model". There is no published peer-reviewed original research that defines the scientific foundation upon which the claims for these assays are made. On the contrary, several articles have been published that discredit various aspects of the model. To fill the void, this manuscript is a comprehensive review of the scientific foundation and claims put forth by laboratories selling <span class="hlt">urinary</span> monoamine assays under the spot baseline <span class="hlt">urinary</span> neurotransmitter testing marketing model. PMID:21912487</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hinz, Marty; Stein, Alvin; Uncini, Thomas</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">438</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6743162"> <span id="translatedtitle">Clinical study of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> excretion of Ga-67</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Ga-67 <span class="hlt">urinary</span> excretion was examined in 59 patients. The 72-hour <span class="hlt">urinary</span> excretion rate ranged from 4.3 to 67.8% of the injected dose. Within the first 24 hours, 60.9% of the 72-hour <span class="hlt">urinary</span> excretion was excreted. There was no significant difference in the Ga-67 <span class="hlt">urinary</span> excretion rate between males and females, nor between the Ga-67 positive and negative cases. A significant negative correlation was found between the 72-hour Ga-67 <span class="hlt">urinary</span> excretion rate and the unsaturated iron binding capacity. Notably, four patients with hyperferremia, which was considered secondary to leukemia and/or chemotherapy or liver cirrhosis, excreted more than 46.8% of Ga-67 within 72 hours. A significant negative correlation was also found between the 72-hour Ga-67 <span class="hlt">urinary</span> excretion rate and age. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> excretion of Ga-67 may be related to the glomerular filtration rate, which decreases with age.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nakano, S.; Hasegawa, Y.; Ibuka, K.; Hashizume, T.; Noguchi, A.; Kojima, J.; Sasakuma, F.; Ishigami, S. (Center for Adult Diseases, Osaka (Japan))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">439</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3938018"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Burden of <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence and <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Bother Among Elderly Prostate Cancer Survivors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background Data describing <span class="hlt">urinary</span> health in elderly, community-dwelling prostate cancer (PCa) survivors are limited. Objective To elucidate the prevalence of lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract symptoms, <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bother, and incontinence in elderly PCa survivors compared with peers without PCa. Design, setting, and participants A cross-sectional analysis of 5990 participants in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Research Group, a cohort study of community-dwelling men ?65 yr. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis We characterized <span class="hlt">urinary</span> health using self-reported <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence and the American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUA-SI). We compared <span class="hlt">urinary</span> health measures according to type of PCa treatment in men with PCa and men without PCa using multivariate log-binomial regression to generate prevalence ratios (PRs). Results and limitations At baseline, 706 men (12%) reported a history of PCa, with a median time since diagnosis of 6.3 yr. Of these men, 426 (60%) reported <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence. In adjusted analyses, observation (PR: 1.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15–3.21; p = 0.01), surgery (PR: 4.68; 95% CI, 4.11–5.32; p < 0.0001), radiation therapy (PR: 1.64; 95% CI, 1.20– 2.23; p = 0.002), and androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) (PR: 2.01; 95% CI, 1.35–2.99; p = 0.0006) were each associated with daily incontinence. Daily incontinence risk increased with time since diagnosis independently of age. Observation (PR: 1.33; 95% CI, 1.00–1.78; p = 0.05), surgery (PR: 1.25; 95% CI, 1.10–1.42; p = 0.0008), and ADT (PR: 1.50; 95% CI, 1.26–1.79; p < 0.0001) were associated with increased AUA-SI bother scores. Cancer stage and use of adjuvant or salvage therapies were not available for analysis. Conclusions Compared with their peers without PCa, elderly PCa survivors had a two-fold to five-fold greater prevalence of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence, which rose with increasing survivorship duration. Observation, surgery, and ADT were each associated with increased <span class="hlt">urinary</span> bother. These data suggest a substantially greater burden of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> health problems among elderly PCa survivors than previously recognized. PMID:23587870</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kopp, Ryan P.; Marshall, Lynn M.; Wang, Patty Y.; Bauer, Douglas C.; Barrett-Connor, Elizabeth; Parsons, J. Kellogg</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">440</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFMOS23E..06C"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">continent</span>-ocean transition of the Pearl River margin</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Rifted continental margins form by lithospheric extension and break-up. The <span class="hlt">continent</span> to ocean transition (COT) architecture depends on the interplay between tectonic and magmatic processes, and thus, to study the COT variability of different systems is key to understand rifting. We use MCS data and magnetic lineations across the Pearl River margin (PRM) of South China Sea to investigate a previously poorly defined COT. The structure of the PRM presents different amounts of extension allowing the study of conjugate pairs of continental margins and their COT in a relative small region. We reprocessed about 2250 km of MCS data along 4 regional, crustal-scale lines and found that 3 of them possibly display the COT. The time-migrated seismic sections show differences in internal reflectivity, faulting style, fault-block geometry, the seismic character of the top of the basement, in the geometry of sediment deposits, and Moho reflections, that we interpret to represent clear continental and oceanic domains. The continental domain is characterized by arrays of normal faults and associated tilted blocks overlaid by syn-rift sedimentary units. The Moho is imaged as sub-horizontal reflections that define a fairly continuous boundary typically at 8-10 s TWT. Estimation of the thickness of the continental crust using 6 km/s average velocity indicates a ~22 km-thick continental crust under the uppermost slope passing abruptly to ~9-6 km under the lower slope. Comparatively the oceanic crust has a highly reflective top of basement, little-faulting, not discernible syn-tectonic strata, and fairly constant thickness (4-8 km) defined by usually clear Moho reflections. The COT occurs across a ~5-10 km narrow zone. Rifting resulted in asymmetric conjugate margins. The PRM shows arrays of tilted fault blocks covered by abundant syn-rift sediment, whereas the conjugate Macclesfield Bank margin displays abrupt thinning and little faulting. Seismic profiles also show a change in the tectonic structure from NE to SW. On the two NE-most lines, crustal thinning and break-up occur over 20-40 km wide segments. To the SW, continental extension occurred over a comparatively broader ~100-110 km segment of tilted fault-block structure. We interpret, that this 3D structural variability and the narrow COT was caused by the lateral NE to the SW propagation of a spreading center. In the NE, early spreading center propagation during ongoing rifting stopped continental stretching, causing an abrupt break-up and a narrow COT to seafloor spreading. Later arrival of spreading center propagated to the SW, resulted in a comparatively broader segment with fault-block structures of extended continental crust. However, the COT to clear oceanic crust is narrow. Spreading center propagation in the basin is however not a simple phenomena and ridge jumps and abrupt cessation of spreading contributed to form narrow COT that laterally change to highly thinned continental crust segments. We suggest that the tectonic architecture of continental extension and the abrupt COT along the PRM have been controlled by 3D oceanic spreading center propagation to a degree larger than by the local lithospheric structure during rifting.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cameselle, A. L.; Ranero, C. R.; Franke, D.; Barckhausen, U.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_22 div --> <div id="page_23" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">441</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012AGUFM.T31E..06B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Flexural Tectonics in <span class="hlt">Continents</span>: Critical Stress amid Immeasurable Strain</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">With a few notable exceptions, most fatalities from earthquakes in the past millennium have occurred in mid-<span class="hlt">continent</span> regions along the southern edge of the Eurasian plate where earthquakes are not expected due to their infrequency, or absence, in local historical records. Although the spatial density geodetic measurement in many parts of the Indo-Eurasian collision zone is currently poor, geodetically estimated strain rates where these are sufficiently dense (e.g. North America) are now being considered an important option to quantify the stressing rate of regions where seismic productivity is low. Certain assumptions attend the use of surface strain as a measure of seismic productivity: that the observed surface strain rate provides a measure of strain at seismogeninc depths, that none of the observed strain is dissipated in aseismic processes, that currently measured rates are uniform in time, and perhaps most importantly, whether regional strain rate alone is an adequate measure of the failure process. The first of these assumptions can be violated in locations in continental collisional settings, such as India, where flexural stresses prevail. The minimum in-plane northerly directed compressional stress in the Indian plate required to support the Tibetan Plateau is overwhelmed by the flexural stresses caused by the depression of its northern edge. Flexure results in static stresses that vary with depth and latitude, but which, averaged over the entire plate vary negligibly with time, because the rocks of India stream through the >600 km wavelength flexural stress-field at rates of only 2 cm/yr. This theoretical result is consistent with India's mean north-south strain rate observed geodetically, which is less than a few nanostrain each year. The spatial distribution of flexural stress, however, varies spatially as a function of distance from the Himalayan front. Strain rates exceed 2 bars/km in a flexural trough between 1000-1800 km south of the Himalaya, and reverse to extensional surface stresses less than 800 km north of the flexural bulge. The high absolute stress levels that prevail in certain locations (>2 kbar) means that despite India's slow movement northward, existing zones of weakness are critically close to failure, and that the inferred 1 bar/millenium changes in surface stress attributable to India's northward motion (invisible to current geodesy) may be responsible for triggering local seismicity. Variable sediment rates in flexural troughs in the oceanic plate south of India suggest that the in-plane stresses responsible for the amplitude of the continental bulge have not been constant with time in the past several millions of years. It is also possible that anthropogenic loading and unloading of the Indian plate (groundwater withdrawal in the north and reservoir loading in central India) may be adversely perturbing the seismogenic charateristics of the flexural stress field.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bilham, R. G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">442</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9931584"> <span id="translatedtitle">[<span class="hlt">Ileo-cecal</span> segment as stomach substitute].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In clinical practice a long Roux-en-Y reconstruction is most often used for gastric replacement. Among various postgastrectomy symptoms, alcaline reflux is the most disturbing. A great variety of different pouch reconstructions with or without duodenal bypass only control reflux in part. The ileocoecal interposition has been placed between the oesophagus and the duodenum as a gastric substitute in 14 patients without postoperative mortality. This preliminary series demonstrates an excellent control of alcaline reflux and a good quality of life, according to the Eypasch score. Dysphagia or stasis in the distal oesophagus are absent as is gas bloating. This type of reconstruction, which is simpler than some of the pouch reconstructions, probably deserves more attention and may perhaps be perfected by varying the length of ileum and volume of ascending colon to be interposed. PMID:9931584</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Harder, F; von Flüe, M; Hamel, C H; Degen, L; Metzger, J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">443</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25359273"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> metal concentrations among female welders.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">As part of a Canada-wide study of women entering non-traditional trades [Women's Health in Apprenticeship Trades-Metalworkers and Electricians (WHAT-ME)], we examined spot urine samples from women welders in Alberta to determine whether <span class="hlt">urinary</span> metal concentrations exceeded those of the general population, to compare levels to previously published <span class="hlt">urinary</span> concentrations in male welders and to examine the relationship with welding tasks. Women mailed-in urine samples collected close to the time of completing a detailed exposure questionnaire, including welding tasks on their most recent day welding at work. Of 53 welders working in their trade, 45 had <span class="hlt">urinary</span> creatinine >0.3-?3.0g l(-1) and were included in analyses. Seven metals were examined for which both population and male welder <span class="hlt">urinary</span> concentrations were available: cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel, and zinc. Principal component analysis was used to extract three components from natural log transformed creatinine-corrected metal concentrations. Of the 45 women, 17 reported more than one main task. Overall two thirds worked in fabrication, a third on pipe welding, and smaller numbers on repair, in construction or other tasks: manual metal arc welding was reported by 62%, semi-automatic arc welding by 47%, and arc welding with a tungsten electrode by 15%. In multiple regression analyses, little relation was found between <span class="hlt">urinary</span> metals and task or type of welding, except for cadmium where lower levels were seen in those reporting semi-automatic manual welding (after adjustment for age and smoking). The proportion of women welders exceeding the selected general population 95th percentile was high for manganese (96%) and chromium (29%). <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> metal concentrations were similar to those reported for male welders with only manganese, with a geometric mean in women of 1.91 µg g(-1) creatinine, and perhaps copper (11.8 µg g(-1) creatinine), consistently lower in male welders. Although not evident from the task analysis reported here, differences in exposure by sex may be explained by type of welding or by other work practices. A closely comparable cohort of male welders would be necessary to examine this hypothesis more fully. PMID:25359273</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Arrandale, Victoria H; Beach, Jeremy; Cembrowski, George S; Cherry, Nicola M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">444</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3202377"> <span id="translatedtitle">Representations of Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span> in North American newspapers and medical journals</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">BACKGROUND: There are public concerns regarding Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span> (Purdue Pharma, Canada) and charges within the pain medicine community that media coverage of the drug has been biased. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare representations of Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span> in medical journals and North American newspapers in an attempt to shed light on how each contributes to the ‘social problem’ associated with Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span>. METHODS: Using searches of newspaper and medical literature databases, two samples were drawn: 924 stories published between 1995 and 2005 in 27 North American newspapers, and 197 articles published between 1995 and 2007 in 33 medical journals in the fields of addiction/substance abuse, pain/anesthesiology and general/internal medicine. The foci, themes, perspectives represented and evaluations of Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span> presented in these texts were analyzed statistically. RESULTS: Newspaper coverage of Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span> emphasized negative evaluations of the drug, focusing on abuse, addiction, crime and death rather than the use of Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span> for the legitimate treatment of pain. Newspaper stories most often conveyed the perspectives of law enforcement and courts, and much less often represented the perspectives of physicians. However, analysis of physician perspectives represented in newspaper stories and in medical journals revealed a high degree of inconsistency, especially across the fields of pain medicine and addiction medicine. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of negative representations of Oxy<span class="hlt">Contin</span> is often blamed on biased media coverage and an ignorant public. However, the proliferation of inconsistent messages regarding the drug from physicians plays a role in the drug’s persistent status as a social problem. PMID:22059195</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Whelan, Emma; Asbridge, Mark; Haydt, Susan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">445</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3295111"> <span id="translatedtitle">Recurrent <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Infection with Bifidobacterium scardovii</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Bifidobacterium species are difficult to identify and may be underreported or not recovered by many laboratories because of their slow growth. We emphasize the importance of the Gram stain in urine samples and the addition of enriched media and enhanced atmosphere over time for urine cultures with pyuria. This is the first report of a Bifidobacterium scardovii recurrent <span class="hlt">urinary</span> infection in an elderly woman. PMID:22205811</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cittadini, Roxana M.; Almuzara, Marisa N.; Feinsilberg, Alejandro; Famiglietti, Angela M.; Ramírez, Maria Soledad; Vay, Carlos A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">446</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3910826"> <span id="translatedtitle">Biocide Activity against <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Catheter Pathogens</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Antimicrobial effects of essential oils against bacteria associated with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheter infection was assessed. Tests were performed on 14 different bacterial species cultured either planktonically or as biofilms. Biofilms were found to be up to 8-fold more tolerant of the test agents. Higher antimicrobial tolerance was also evident in tests conducted in artificial urine. Eugenol exhibited higher antimicrobial effects against both planktonic cells and biofilms than did terpinen, tea tree oil, and cineole. PMID:24247129</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jordan, Rachael P. C.; Waters, Mark G. J.; Stickler, David J.; Williams, David W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">447</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28273413"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infection: traditional pharmacologic therapies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract infections (UTIs) are common bacterial infections, particularly in women. Antimicrobial therapy is seldom indicated for asymptomatic infection, but antimicrobial therapy is usually indicated for amelioration of symptoms. Management of acute uncomplicated UTI (cystitis) is generally straightforward, with a predictable distribution of uropathogens isolated. First-line treatment of acute uncomplicated UTI has traditionally involved a 3-day regimen of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lindsay E Nicolle</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">448</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29743037"> <span id="translatedtitle">Controversies in childhood <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Management of childhood <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract infections is conceptually straightforward, but controversies persist. Specimens must\\u000a be collected carefully or culture results can be difficult to interpret. Urine culture remains the diagnostic standard but\\u000a does not substitute for careful urinalysis. Radiography studies are designed to define abnormalities predisposing patients\\u000a to pyelonephritis and to assess the extent of renal involvement during infection, but</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Michael A. Linshaw</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">449</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/47630414"> <span id="translatedtitle">Botanical medicines for the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Four important categories of urologic herbs, their history, and modern scientific investigations regarding them are reviewed. Botanical diuretics are discussed with a focus on Solidago spp (goldenrod) herb, Levisticum officinale (lovage) root, Petroselinum crispus (parsley) fruit, and Urtica dioica (stinging nettle) herb. <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> antiseptic and anti-adhesion herbs, particularly Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (uva-uri) leaf, Juniperus spp (juniper) leaf, and Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Eric Yarnell</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">450</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/47677176"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Tract Infections Caused by Aspergillus Species</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">\\u000a <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> tract aspergillosis is uncommon even in the era of increased frequency of invasive mycoses. Experience is largely\\u000a a function of isolated case reports and rare case series or reviews. The majority of cases involve transplant recipients predominantly\\u000a following renal transplantation but is also reported in other immunocompromised states such as AIDS and uncontrolled diabetes\\u000a mellitus. Most cases represent haematogenous</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Geetha Sivasubramanian; Jack D. Sobel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">451</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24247129"> <span id="translatedtitle">Biocide activity against <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheter pathogens.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Antimicrobial effects of essential oils against bacteria associated with <span class="hlt">urinary</span> catheter infection was assessed. Tests were performed on 14 different bacterial species cultured either planktonically or as biofilms. Biofilms were found to be up to 8-fold more tolerant of the test agents. Higher antimicrobial tolerance was also evident in tests conducted in artificial urine. Eugenol exhibited higher antimicrobial effects against both planktonic cells and biofilms than did terpinen, tea tree oil, and cineole. PMID:24247129</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Malic, Sladjana; Jordan, Rachael P C; Waters, Mark G J; Stickler, David J; Williams, David W</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">452</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000GMS...121...95L"> <span id="translatedtitle">What the mantle sees: The Effects of <span class="hlt">continents</span> on mantle heat flow</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The effects of <span class="hlt">continents</span> on mantle heat flow are explored through a synthesis of heat flow data analysis and theoretical modeling. The data employed are from the Canadian Shield and the Canadian Appalachians and consist of both surface heat flow measurements and measurements of crustal heat production. The combined data sets, together with gravity and seismic information, which is used to help constrain crustal structure and composition, suggest that the mantle component of surface heat flow is low, between 10 and 15 mW/m2, and relatively uniform across a large portion of central to eastern Canada. Surface heat flow variations across the region covered can be well accounted for by observed variations in crustal heat production, i.e., no mantle heat flow variations need to be invoked. Laboratory experiments and numerical simulations, that explore the coupling between <span class="hlt">continents</span> and the convecting mantle from a modeling based point of view, show how large, buoyant <span class="hlt">continents</span> can locally constrain heat flux variations in the mantle below. Relative to what occurs in model oceanic regions, the equilibrium thermal condition imposed on the mantle by model <span class="hlt">continents</span> is one of low and nearly uniform heat flux. Such a condition is consistent with the inferences drawn from the Canadian heat flow data. Theoretical models also imply that the local thermal constraint imposed on the mantle by <span class="hlt">continents</span> can cause mantle heat flow to be relatively weakly correlated with tectonic age variations, lithospheric thickness variations, and local mantle flow patterns below tectonothermally stable continental regions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lenardic, A.; Guillou-Frottier, L.; Mareschal, J.-C.; Jaupart, C.; Moresi, L.-N.; Kaula, W. M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">453</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25863192"> <span id="translatedtitle">Biomonitoring Equivalents for interpretation of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> fluoride.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Exposure to fluoride is widespread due to its natural occurrence in the environment and addition to drinking water and dental products for the prevention of dental caries. The potential health risks of excess fluoride exposure include aesthetically unacceptable dental fluorosis (tooth mottling) and increased skeletal fragility. Numerous organizations have conducted risk assessments and set guidance values to represent maximum recommended exposure levels as well as recommended adequate intake levels based on potential public health benefits of fluoride exposure. Biomonitoring Equivalents (BEs) are estimates of the average biomarker concentrations corresponding to such exposure guidance values. The literature on daily <span class="hlt">urinary</span> fluoride excretion rates as a function of daily fluoride exposure was reviewed and BE values corresponding to the available US and Canadian exposure guidance values were derived for fluoride in urine. The derived BE values range from 1.1 to 2.1mg/L (1.2-2.5?g/g creatinine). Concentrations of fluoride in single <span class="hlt">urinary</span> spot samples from individuals, even under exposure conditions consistent with the exposure guidance values, may vary from the predicted average concentrations by several-fold due to within- and across-individual variation in <span class="hlt">urinary</span> flow and creatinine excretion rates and due to the rapid elimination kinetics of fluoride. Thus, the BE values are most appropriately applied to screen population central tendency estimates for biomarker concentrations rather than interpretation of individual spot sample concentrations. PMID:25863192</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Aylward, L L; Hays, S M; Vezina, A; Deveau, M; St-Amand, A; Nong, A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">454</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24742475"> <span id="translatedtitle">Control of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> drainage and voiding.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Urine differs greatly in ion and solute composition from plasma and contains harmful and noxious substances that must be stored for hours and then eliminated when it is socially convenient to do so. The <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract that handles this output is composed of a series of pressurizable muscular compartments separated by sphincteric structures. With neural input, these structures coordinate the delivery, collection, and, ultimately, expulsion of urine. Despite large osmotic and chemical gradients in this waste fluid, the bladder maintains a highly impermeable surface in the face of a physically demanding biomechanical environment, which mandates recurring cycles of surface area expansion and increased wall tension during filling, followed by rapid wall compression during voiding. Afferent neuronal inflow from mucosa and submucosa communicates sensory information about bladder fullness, and voiding is initiated consciously through coordinated central and spinal efferent outflow to the detrusor, trigonal internal sphincter, and external urethral sphincter after periods of relative quiescence. Provocative new findings suggest that in some cases, lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract symptoms, such as incontinence, urgency, frequency, overactivity, and pain may be viewed as a consequence of urothelial defects (either urothelial barrier breakdown or inappropriate signaling from urothelial cells to underlying sensory afferents and potentially interstitial cells). This review describes the physiologic and anatomic mechanisms by which urine is moved from the kidney to the bladder, stored, and then released. Relevant clinical examples of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract dysfunction are also discussed. PMID:24742475</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hill, Warren G</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">455</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3989821"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pharmacology of the lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Pharmacology of the lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract provides the basis for medical treatment of lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract symptoms (LUTS). Therapy of LUTS addresses obstructive symptoms (frequently explained by increased prostate smooth muscle tone and prostate enlargement) in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and storage symptoms in patients with overactive bladder (OAB). Targets for medical treatment include G protein-coupled receptors (?1-adrenoceptors, muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, ?3-adrenoceptors) or intracellular enzymes (5?-reductase; phosphodiesterase-5, PDE5). Established therapies of obstructive symptoms aim to induce prostate smooth muscle relaxation by ?1-blockers or PDE5 inhibitors, or to reduce prostate growth and volume with 5?-reductase inhibitors. Available options for treatment of OAB comprise anitmuscarinics, ?3-adrenoceptor agonists, and botulinum toxin A, which improve storage symptoms by inhibition of bladder smooth muscle contraction. With the recent approval of ?3-antagonists, PDE inhibitors, and silodosin for therapy of LUTS, progress from basic research of lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract pharmacology was translated into new clinical applications. Further targets are in preclinical stages of examination, including modulators of the endocannabinoid system and transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. PMID:24744518</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hennenberg, Martin; Stief, Christian G.; Gratzke, Christian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">456</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25125424"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract symptoms in men.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a highly prevalent and costly condition that affects older men worldwide. Many affected men develop lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract symptoms, which can have a negative impact on their quality of life. In the past, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) was the mainstay of treatment. However, several efficacious drug treatments have been developed, which have transformed BPH from an acute surgical entity to a chronic medical condition. Specifically, multiple clinical trials have shown that ? adrenoceptor antagonists can significantly ameliorate lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract symptoms. Moreover, 5? reductase inhibitors, alone or combined with an ? adrenoceptor antagonist, can reverse the natural course of BPH, reducing the risk of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> retention and the need for surgical intervention. Newer medical regimens including the use of antimuscarinic agents or phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, have shown promise in men with predominantly storage symptoms and concomitant erectile dysfunction, respectively. For men who do not adequately respond to conservative measures or pharmacotherapy, minimally invasive surgical techniques (such as transurethral needle ablation, microwave thermotherapy, and prostatic urethral lift) may be of benefit, although they lack the durability of TURP. A variety of laser procedures have also been introduced, whose improved hemostatic properties abrogate many of the complications associated with traditional surgery. PMID:25125424</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hollingsworth, John M; Wilt, Timothy J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">457</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24744518"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pharmacology of the lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Pharmacology of the lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract provides the basis for medical treatment of lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract symptoms (LUTS). Therapy of LUTS addresses obstructive symptoms (frequently explained by increased prostate smooth muscle tone and prostate enlargement) in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and storage symptoms in patients with overactive bladder (OAB). Targets for medical treatment include G protein-coupled receptors (?1-adrenoceptors, muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, ?3-adrenoceptors) or intracellular enzymes (5?-reductase; phosphodiesterase-5, PDE5). Established therapies of obstructive symptoms aim to induce prostate smooth muscle relaxation by ?1-blockers or PDE5 inhibitors, or to reduce prostate growth and volume with 5?-reductase inhibitors. Available options for treatment of OAB comprise anitmuscarinics, ?3-adrenoceptor agonists, and botulinum toxin A, which improve storage symptoms by inhibition of bladder smooth muscle contraction. With the recent approval of ?3-antagonists, PDE inhibitors, and silodosin for therapy of LUTS, progress from basic research of lower <span class="hlt">urinary</span> tract pharmacology was translated into new clinical applications. Further targets are in preclinical stages of examination, including modulators of the endocannabinoid system and transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. PMID:24744518</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hennenberg, Martin; Stief, Christian G; Gratzke, Christian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">458</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21073808"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Urinary</span> ?-hydroxybutyrate concentrations in 1126 female subjects.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">?-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and its metabolic precursor ?-butyrolactone (GBL) are often implicated in cases of drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA), although definitive confirmation of GHB/GBL ingestion is complicated by GHB's endogenous nature and rapid elimination following ingestion. Multiple studies have attempted to establish a discriminant limit (generally 10 mg/L) above which <span class="hlt">urinary</span> GHB concentrations can be considered consistent with GHB/GBL consumption. To supplement the currently available data, a rapid gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the analysis of GHB (following acidic conversion to GBL) and used to analyze urine samples collected from 1126 women (mean = 0.84 mg/L, median = 0.68 mg/L, range = 0.00-5.5 mg/L). GHB concentrations were shown to be independent of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> pH (within the range 4.6-9.3), age (within the range 18-35 years), body mass index (within the range 13.8-36.3), and race. Adjusting GHB concentrations with respect to <span class="hlt">urinary</span> specific gravity had little effect on the mean value (0.91 mg/L) and range (0.0-7.76 mg/L), although a statistically significant trend of increasing GHB concentration with specific gravity could be observed. Our results can be taken to offer further support for the 10 mg/L discriminant limit for GHB administration in antemortem urine samples. PMID:21073808</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brailsford, Alan D; Cowan, David A; Kicman, Andrew T</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">459</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3568456"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Relationship Between Dietary Phytoestrogens and Development of <span class="hlt">Urinary</span> Incontinence in Midlife Women</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective Because exogenous estrogen treatment has been associated with a higher risk of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> incontinence, our objective was to evaluate the longitudinal relationships of dietary phytoestrogen intakes (isoflavones, coumestans and lignans) and the development of incontinence in midlife women transitioning through menopause. Methods The Study of Women’s health Across the Nation (SWAN) Phytoestrogen Study was developed within SWAN, a community-based, multisite, multi-racial/ethnic, prospective cohort study. SWAN interviewers administered a food consumption assessment at baseline and at follow-up visits 5 and 9. The SWAN Phytoestrogen study created a phytonutrient data base that allowed estimation of usual daily intakes of four isoflavones, four lignans and coumestrol. On an annual self-administered questionnaire, participants reported on frequency and type of incontinence. We used discrete proportional hazards models to evaluate whether estimated daily intake of each phytoestrogen class at the visit previous to the first report of incontinence was associated with the development of monthly or more incontinence compared to remaining <span class="hlt">continent</span>. Results We found no association or patterns of association between developing any, stress or urge incontinence and the reported daily dietary intake of isoflavones, coumestrol, and lignans in the visit previous to the onset of incontinence. Conclusions The results of this longitudinal study provide important information to better understand estrogen-like substances on the <span class="hlt">continence</span> mechanism in midlife women. Our study shows that neither high nor low dietary intakes of isoflavones, coumestrol and lignans prevent stress or urge incontinence. Future studies should evaluate whether serum levels of phytoestrogens or their metabolites impact incontinence symptoms. PMID:23096248</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Waetjen, L. Elaine; Leung, Katherine; Crawford, Sybil L.; Huang, Mei-Hua; Gold, Ellen B.; Greendale, Gail A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">460</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19834702"> <span id="translatedtitle">Photmicrography of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> deposits in stone clinic.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The importance of routine urine deposit study has not been projected satisfactorily in literature. This paper analyses the findings of urine microscopy of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> stone patients who attended the stone clinic. A total number of 800 patients who attended the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> stone clinic during the years 2005-2007 were selected for the study. Each patient had two samples of urine studied; early morning urine (EMU) and random. The patients were classified into different groups as proved stone patients (304), colic patients (289) and crystalluria patients (207). They were further classified as pre-treatment group and post-treatment group. The patients had chemotherapy depending on the biochemical abnormalities. The urine samples were centrifuged and the deposits examined under the low-power and high-power magnifications of the binocular microscope. The appropriate fields were photographed using a micro-photographic camera. 23% of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> samples studied contained deposits (36% of the EMU and 16% of the random samples). The most common deposits were red blood cells (RBC) (17%), pus cells (PC) (13%), calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals (7%), calcium oxalate dihydrate (COD) crystals (11%), uric acid crystals (2%), amorphous phosphates (1%), epithelial cells (13%) and sperms (7%). The unusual deposits included ammonium urate and cystine. Comparison of the results of deposits with those of 473 deposits from other laboratories showed that the present reports showed much more deposits than the outside ones. Deposits were more in the male patients (25%) compared to the females (19%). 83% of the patients with significant deposits had symptoms at the time of collection of sample, while 17% were not symptomatic. Among the patients with crystals, 53% had RBC associated and 49% had PC. RBCs were seen most in the COD crystal group. PC alone were seen in 2% and all were females. Percentage of <span class="hlt">urinary</span> deposits was more in the pre-treatment group (32%) than in the post-treatment group (17%). Extent of crystalluria was more in the colic group (38%) compared to the crystalluria (22%) and stone (13%) groups. It is concluded from the study that accurate assessment of the <span class="hlt">urinary</span> stone patient lies in a proper microscopic evaluation. It is mandatory that EMU should be examined as there is greater chance of identifying crystals and other deposits. Centrifuged deposits showed more deposits and these should be standards in urine examination. Regular urine deposit examination should be performed in all patients coming for follow-up. PMID:19834702</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Marickar, Y M Fazil; Salim, Abiya</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_23 div --> <div id="page_24" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");' href=