Science.gov

Sample records for conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy

  1. Robotic-Assisted Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy Versus Conventional Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Gill, Diana; Locher, Stephen R.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To compare patient characteristics, operative variables, and outcomes of 24 patients who underwent robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) with 44 patients who underwent conventional TLH. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 44 patients with TLH and 24 patients with robotic TLH. Results: Robotic TLH was associated with a shorter hospital stay (1.0 vs 1.4 days, P=0.011) and a significant decrease in narcotic use (1.2 vs 5.0 units, P=0.002). EBL and drop in hemoglobin were not significantly different. The operative time was significantly longer in patients undergoing robotic TLH (142.2 vs 122.1 minutes, P=0.027). However, only need for laparoscopic morcellation, BMI, and uterine weight, not robotic use, were independently associated with increased operative times. Conclusions: Robotic hysterectomy can be performed safely with comparable operative times to those of conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy. Postoperative measures were improved over measures for conventional laparoscopy. PMID:19793478

  2. Single-port access versus conventional multi-port access total laparoscopic hysterectomy for very large uterus

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jinhwa; Kim, Sunghoon; Nam, Eun Ji; Hwang, Sun Mi; Kim, Young Tae

    2015-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of single-port access (SPA) and conventional multi-port access total laparoscopic hysterectomies (TLH) among patients with very large uteri (500 g or more). Methods Fifty consecutive patients who received TLH for large uterine myomas and/or adenomyoses weighing 500 g or more between February 2009 and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. SPA and conventional TLH were each performed in 25 patients. Surgical outcomes, including operation time, estimated blood loss, postoperative hemoglobin change, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative pain, and perioperative complications, were compared between the two groups. Results There were no significant demographic differences between the two groups. All operations were completed laparoscopically with no conversion to laparotomy. Total operation time, uterus weight, estimated blood loss, and postoperative hemoglobin change did not significantly differ between the two groups. Postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter for the SPA-TLH group compared to that of the conventional TLH group (median [range], 3 [2.0-6.0] vs. 4 [3-7] days; P=0.004]. There were no inter-group differences in postoperative pain at 6, 24, and 72 hours after surgery. There was only one complicated case in each group. Conclusion SPA-TLH in patients with large uteri weighing 500 g or more is as feasible as conventional TLH. SPA-TLH is associated with shorter hospital stays compared to that of conventional TLH. PMID:26023674

  3. Hysterectomy - laparoscopic - discharge

    MedlinePLUS

    American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Frequently asked questions, FAQ008, special procedures: Hysterectomy. March 2015. Available at: www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Hysterectomy . Accessed April 10, 2015. ...

  4. Laparoscopic Management of Bleeding After Laparoscopic or Vaginal Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Jabor, Antonin

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To assess the results and contributions of laparoscopy in the management of postoperative bleeding following laparoscopic (LH) or vaginal hysterectomy (VH). Methods: A retrospective study of a 5-year period was carried out on 1167 women who underwent laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy. Ten women with postoperative bleeding following laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy were identified. Results: The overall incidence of bleeding after laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy was 0.85% (10 of 1167). Over the 5-year study period, the incidence fluctuated between 1.1% and 0.4%. Surgical revision was primarily vaginal in 1 woman, followed by laparoscopic control. In 6 patients, laparoscopy was performed immediately. The patients profited from the prompt laparoscopic treatment, because intraabdominal hemorrhage was found and stopped. Of 6 cases of intraperitoneal bleeding, 1 resulted from a blood disorder. The collagen-fibrin agent TachoComb was applied locally, and the patient was postoperatively treated with blood products and coagulation factors. Only bipolar coagulation, TachoComb, and Foley catheter were used to achieve local hemostasis during laparoscopy. The remaining 3 cases where the vaginal cuff was bleeding were managed by vaginal repair and packing without laparoscopy. Conclusion: The laparoscopic approach to postoperative bleeding following laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy is an attractive alternative to the abdominal surgical approach. Bleeding following laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy can be managed by laparoscopy in the majority of patients. Because the abdominal incision is avoided, the recovery time is reduced. PMID:15347110

  5. Laparoscopic Hysterectomy and Prolapse: A Multiprocedural Concept

    PubMed Central

    Mettler, Liselotte; Peters, Goentje; No, Gnter; Holthaus, Bernd; Jonat, Walter; Schollmeyer, Thoralf

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Today, laparoscopic intrafascial hysterectomy and laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy are well-accepted techniques. With our multimodal concept of laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign indications, preservation of the pelvic floor as well as reconstruction of pelvic floor structures and pre-existing prolapse situations can be achieved. Methods: The multimodal concept consists of 3 steps: Intrafascial hysterectomy with preservation of existing structures Technique 1: Primary uterine artery ligationTechnique 2: Classic intrafascial hysterectomyA technique for the stable fixation of the vaginal or cervical stumpA new method of pectopexy to correct a pre-existing descensus situation Results and Conclustion: This well-balanced concept can be used by advanced endoscopic gynecologic surgeons as well as by novices in our field. PMID:24680150

  6. Complications of laparoscopic hysterectomy: the Monash experience.

    PubMed

    Tsaltas, J; Lawrence, A; Michael, M; Pearce, S

    2002-08-01

    A retrospective review of medical records was performed to assess the incidence and type of significant complications encountered during laparoscopic hysterectomy Two hundred and sixty-five consecutive patients were reviewed between the years 1994 and August 2001. Two hundred and thirty-two laparoscopic vaginal hysterectomies and 33 total laparoscopic hysterectomies were performed. The operations were performed at Monash Medical Centre, a Melbourne tertiary public hospital, and two Melbourne private hospitals, by three surgeons. Ten significant complications occurred. There were two cases of ureteric fistula, two bladder injuries, two bowel obstructions, two postoperative haematomas, one case of a bladder fistula and one superficial epigastric artery injury. In-patient stay ranged from two to six days. Our complication and in-patient stay rates are consistent with previously reported rates. PMID:12230068

  7. Laparoscopic Supracervical Hysterectomy Compared With Abdominal, Vaginal, and Laparoscopic Vaginal Hysterectomy in a Primary Care Hospital Setting

    PubMed Central

    2005-01-01

    Objective: This study compares the operative parameters of laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy, laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy, total vaginal hysterectomy, and total abdominal hysterectomy in patients in a small suburban medical center. Methods: This investigation is a Canadian Classification II-2. It was performed in a 238 bed not-for-profit community general hospital. Charts of 117 patients were reviewed. These patients had undergone the following procedures: laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy, laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy, total vaginal hysterectomy, total abdominal hysterectomy; questionnaires completed by the patients were reviewed. All patients had hysterectomies performed by members of the Ob/Gyn department of Alamance Regional Medical Center. Comparisons of intraoperative and postoperative events were made in those patients who consented to the study and who returned their questionnaires. Parameters compared were patient age, weight, preoperative diagnosis, operative time, operative complications, blood loss, uterine weight, length of stay, postoperative complications, return to hospital, return to work, resumption of intercourse, dyspareunia, and bowel or bladder problems. Results: Patient demographics and outcomes are similar. Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy showed lower morbidity and quicker return to normal function, but most findings did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion: The results support the conclusion that the patients in each arm of the study are similar. The operative parameters show a longer operating time for the laparoscopic procedures than for total abdominal hysterectomy and total vaginal hysterectomy, respectively. The other indicators of morbidity show slight advantages of laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy in blood loss, length of stay, and resumption of normal activities. PMID:16121874

  8. Safe vaginal uterine morcellation following total laparoscopic hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Gnthert, Andreas R; Christmann, Corina; Kostov, Plamen; Mueller, Michael D

    2015-04-01

    The minimally invasive approach for hysterectomy with proven benefits and lower morbidity has become the gold standard, even in women with large uterine masses. Most women with a malignant condition present with abnormal vaginal bleeding and/or suspicious imaging such that few are diagnosed by final histopathology after surgery. However, if a malignancy is not diagnosed preoperatively, intraabdominal morcellation for uterus extraction has an increased risk for potential tumor spread and peritoneal metastases, especially in cases of unexpected leiomyosarcoma. We describe a simple method to wrap the uterus in a contained environment with a plastic bag through the posterior vaginal fornix prior to conventional coring morcellation for vaginal extraction in total laparoscopic hysterectomy. We further describe our experience with a risk stratification and treatment algorithm to implement this procedure in daily routine. A video and an illustrating sketch demonstrate the simplicity and safety of the procedure. PMID:25460836

  9. Infection Prevention and Evaluation of Fever After Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Moulton, Laura J.; Jaiyeoba, Oluwatosin

    2015-01-01

    Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication of hysterectomy. Minimally invasive hysterectomy has lower infection rates than abdominal hysterectomy. The lower SSI rates reflect the role and benefit in infection control of having minimal incisions, rather than a large anterior abdominal wall incision. Despite the lower rates, SSI after laparoscopic hysterectomy is not uncommon. In this article, we review pre-, intra-, and postoperative risk factors for infection. Rates of postoperative fever after laparoscopic hysterectomy and when evaluation for infection is warranted in a febrile patient are also reviewed. Database: PubMed was searched for English-only articles using National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MESH) terms and keywords including but not limited to “postoperative,” “surgical site,” “infection,” “fever,” “laparoscopic,” “laparoscopy,” and “hysterectomy.” Conclusions: Reducing hospital-acquired infections such as SSI is one of the more effective ways of improving patient safety. Knowledge and understanding of risk factors for infection following laparoscopic hysterectomy enable the gynecologic surgeon or hospital to implement targeted preventive measures. PMID:26390531

  10. Laparoscopic hysterectomy of large uteri using three-trocar technique

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Wenjie; Chen, Liyou; Du, Weijie; Hu, Jinghui; Fang, Xiangming; Zhao, Xiaofeng

    2015-01-01

    Aim: The uterus with its size exceeds 12 weeks of gestation have been considered a relative contraindication to laparoscopic hysterectomy. With surgical techniques progressed and laparoscopic instruments improved, laparoscopic hysterectomy for large uteri have been performed safely and effectively. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic hysterectomy on uterus more than 800 g using a three-trocar technique on 18 patients. Methods: From June 2011 to June 2013 a total of 18 consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign gynaecological conditions. All of the 18 consecutive cases were successfully completed by laparoscopy with the instruction of the procedure. Results: All of the 18 cases were completed by laparoscopy without major complication. The average time of the surgery was 107 min (65-180), the average blood lost was 225 ml (50-800 ml), the average weight of the uterus was 1105 g (820-1880 g), and the average HGB drop was 0.9 g/dl (0.2-1.9 g/dl). Conclusion: Based on appropriate techniques and careful operate, Laparoscopic hysterectomies for large uteri using three-trocar is safe and feasible to most of the patients. PMID:26131249

  11. Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: Our 5-Year Experience (19982002)

    PubMed Central

    Bonilla, David J.; Mains, Lindsay; Rice, Janet; Crawford, Benjamin

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To review our experience performing total laparoscopic hysterectomy since we first introduced this procedure in 1998. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed for patients undergoing total laparoscopic hysterectomy at Ochsner Clinic Foundation from February 1998 through December 2002. Rates of complications, successful completion, length of hospital stay, readmission, and reoperation were determined for this period. Results: Among 511 patients who underwent attempted total laparoscopic hysterectomy, 487 procedures (95.3%) were completed by laparoscopy. The major intraoperative complication rate was 3.9%, and the major postoperative complication rate was 4.7%. No significant differences were seen in the intraoperative and postoperative complication rates of patients who were morbidly obese (body mass index ?30kg/m2), patients with enlarged uteri (?300g), or patients who underwent concomitant procedures (unilateral or bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and lysis of adhesions). The readmission rate was 4.1%, and the reoperation rate was 2%. None of the variables studied, including age, medical problems, morbid obesity, concomitant procedures, or enlarged uterus, were found to have an association with readmission or reoperation rates. Conclusions: Total laparoscopic hysterectomy can be performed successfully in most patients with benign indications. Morbidity is comparable to that of other types of hysterectomies, and this technique may be a more reasonable approach under some circumstances. PMID:21603347

  12. Single-Port Access Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: A New Dimension of Minimally Invasive Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Liliana, Mereu; Alessandro, Pontis; Giada, Carri; Luca, Mencaglia

    2011-01-01

    The fundamental idea is to have all of the laparoscopic working ports entering the abdominal wall through the same incision. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is an alternative to conventional multiport laparoscopy. Single-access laparoscopy using a transumbilical port affords maximum cosmetic benefits because the surgical incision is hidden in the umbilicus and reduces morbidity of minimally invasive surgery. The advantages of single-access laparoscopic surgery may include less bleeding, infection, and hernia formation and better cosmetic outcome and less pain. The disadvantages and limitations include longer surgery time, difficulty in learning the technique, and the need for specialized instruments. This review summarizes the history of SPAL hysterectomy (single-port access laparoscopy), and emphasizes nomenclature, surgical technique, instrumentation, and perioperative outcomes. Specific gynecological applications of single-port hysterectomy to date are summarized. Using the PubMed database, the English-language literature was reviewed for the past 40 years. Keyword searches included scarless, scar free, single-port/trocar/incision, single-port access laparoscopic hysterectomy. Within the bibliography of selected references, additional sources were retrieved. The purpose of the present article was to review the development and current status of SPAL hysterectomy and highlight important advances associated with this innovative approach. PMID:22442528

  13. Nonmalignant Sequelae of Unconfined Morcellation at Laparoscopic Hysterectomy or Myomectomy.

    PubMed

    Tulandi, Togas; Leung, Annie; Jan, Noran

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate nonmalignant sequelae of unconfined morcellation at hysterectomy and myomectomy. We performed a systematic review following the PRISMA statement key words of "morcellation, uterine leiomyoma, uterine fibroid, laparoscopic myomectomy, laparoscopic total hysterectomy, and laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy" and their combination. Fifty-one articles met the inclusion criteria: 11 articles were related to endometriosis, adenomyosis, and endometrial hyperplasia; 30 articles parasitic myoma; and 9 disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis (DPL) and 1 DPL and endometriosis. We found that laparoscopic hysterectomy or myomectomy with unconfined morcellation is associated with the risk of iatrogenic endometriosis (1.4%), adenomyosis (0.57%), parasitic myoma (0.9%), and rarely DPL. Our study showed that benign sequelae of uterine or myoma morcellation could be found in up to 1% of cases. This is much higher than the prevalence of uterine sarcoma after morcellation. Benign conditions have less consequences than malignancy, yet they are more common and might require another operation. Accordingly, if morcellation is required, confined morcellation should be considered. PMID:26802909

  14. Safe total intrafascial laparoscopic (TAIL) hysterectomy: a prospective cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Hohl, Michael K.

    2010-01-01

    This study directly compares total intrafascial laparoscopic (TAIL) hysterectomy with vaginal (VH) and abdominal (AH) hysterectomy with regard to safety, operating time and time of convalescence. The study is a prospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2), including data from patients of a single university-affiliated teaching institution, admitted between 1997 and 2008 for hysterectomy due to benign uterus pathology. Patient data were collected pre-, intra- and postoperatively and complications documented using a standardised data sheet of a Swiss obstetric and gynaecological study group (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Schweizerische Frauenkliniken, Amlikon/Switzerland). Classification of complications (major complications and minor complications) for all three operation techniques, evaluation of surgeons and comparison of operation times and days of hospitalisation were analysed. 3066 patients were included in this study. 993 patients underwent AH, 642 VH and 1,431 total intrafascial hysterectomy. No statistically significant difference for the operation times comparing the three groups can be demonstrated. The mean hospital stay in the TAIL hysterectomy, VH and AH groups is 5.8??2.4, 8.8??4.0 and 10.4??3.9days, respectively. The postoperative minor complications including infection rates are low in the TAIL hysterectomy group (3.8%) when compared with either the AH group (15.3%) or the VH group (11.2%), respectively. The total of minor complications is statistically significant lower for TAIL hysterectomy as for AH (O.R. 4.52, CI 3.256.31) or VH (O.R. 3.16, CI 2.164.62). Major haemorrhage with consecutive reoperation is observed statistically significantly more frequent in the AH group when compared to the TAIL hysterectomy group, with an O.R. of 6.13 (CI 3.0512.62). Overall, major intra- and postoperative complications occur significant more frequently in the AH group (8.6%) when compared to the VH group (3%) and the TAIL hysterectomy group (1.8%). The incidence of major complications applying the standardised TAIL hysterectomy technique is not related to the experience of the surgeons. We conclude that a standardised intrafascial technique of total laparoscopic (TAIL) hysterectomy using an anatomically developed special uterine device is associated with a very low incidence of minor and major intra- and postoperative complications. The direct comparison of complication rates with either vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy favours the total laparoscopic technique, and therefore, this technique can be recommended as a relatively atraumatic procedure. The operation times are comparable for all three techniques without any statistically significant differences. This technique for laparoscopic hysterectomy is shown to be equally safe when applied by experienced gynaecologic surgeons or by residents in training. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10397-010-0569-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:20700518

  15. Barbed Suture for Vaginal Cuff Closure in Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Medina, Byron Cardoso; Riao, Giovanni; Hoyos, Luis R.; Otalora, Camila

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate whether the use of barbed suture for vaginal cuff closure is associated with a decrease in postoperative vaginal bleeding compared with cuff closure with polyglactin 910 in patients who have undergone laparoscopic hysterectomy. Methods: We performed a cohort study of patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy between January 2008 and July 2012 by the minimally invasive gynecologic surgery division of the Gynecology, Obstetrics and Human Reproduction Department at Fundacin Santa Fe de Bogot University Hospital, Bogot, Colombia. Results: A total of 232 women were studied: 163 were in the polyglactin 910 group, and 69 were in the barbed suture group. The main outcome, postoperative vaginal bleeding, was documented in 53 cases (32.5%) in the polyglactin 910 group and in 13 cases (18.8%) in the barbed suture group (relative risk, 0.57; 95% confidence interval, 0.340.9; P = .03). No statistically significant differences were found in other postoperative outcomes, such as emergency department admission, vaginal cuff dehiscence, infectious complications, and the presence of granulation tissue. Conclusion: In this study an inverse association was observed between the use of barbed suture for vaginal cuff closure during laparoscopic hysterectomy and the presence of postoperative vaginal bleeding. PMID:24680149

  16. Total laparoscopic hysterectomy of very enlarged uterus (3030 g): case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Roviglione, Giovanni; Pesci, Anna; Quintana, Sara; Bruni, Francesco; Clarizia, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    Fibromatosis is the most frequent benign uterine pathology of fertile women, rarely causing anomalous enlargement of the uterus. Traditionally the surgical treatment has been abdominal hysterectomy. However, development of minimally invasive techniques has led to major safeness of the laparoscopic route. We report a case of total laparoscopic hysterectomy performed on a uterus weighting more than 3,000 g and present a review of the literature about the laparoscopic approach to very enlarged uteri. PMID:25097706

  17. Laparoscopically assisted repair of vaginal evisceration after hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Nikolopoulos, Ioannis; Khan, Hasan; Janakan, Gnananandan; Kerwat, Rajab

    2013-01-01

    Vaginal evisceration is a rare condition most commonly associated with previous vaginal surgery. It usually presents with vaginal bleeding, lower abdominal pain and a protruding mass, and requires immediate assessment and surgical management to salvage the prolapsed bowel. Any delay in the treatment may result in bowel ischaemia and perforation which is associated with higher morbidity and mortality. We report a case of spontaneous vaginal evisceration during defaecation in a 56-year-old postmenopausal women 11?months post hysterectomy. This case highlights the benefits of a combined laparoscopic and transvaginal approach in the successful management of this surgical emergency. PMID:23667228

  18. Assessment of selected perioperative parameters in patients undergoing laparoscopic and abdominal supracervical hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Skr?t-Magier?o, Joanna; Kluz, Tomasz; Barna?, Edyta; Sobolewski, Marek; Ra?, Renata; Skr?t, Andrzej

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Subtotal hysterectomy is a method of treatment of patients with mild changes in the uterine body. Laparoscopic methods are increasingly used in surgical gynaecology. One of the limitations of laparoscopy is the proper level of operating surgeon's training, which may be assessed with the use of the learning curve. The aim of the study was to compare data regarding the perioperative period in patients who underwent subtotal hysterectomy with the two methods, and to establish a learning curve for laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy. Material and methods One hundred and twenty-seven patients qualified for subtotal hysterectomy due to mild disturbances in the uterine body participated in the study. The study was conducted at the Clinical Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics of Fryderyk Chopin Provincial Specialist Hospital in Rzeszw in 2012-2013. Results The time of laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy is longer than that of the classical surgical procedure. Uterine myomas are the main indication for subtotal hysterectomy. Laparoscopic operation results in lower blood loss compared to the classical surgical method. The mean age of the patients operated due to mild changes in the uterine body is similar in both groups. Patients who are obese or have undergone Caesarean sections are more frequently qualified for the classical surgery. The study revealed a reduction in time of laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy by ca. 31 minutes (33%). Conclusions Laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy is a method chosen by operating surgeons for patients with a lower perioperative risk. The period of the study made it possible to determine a learning curve for laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy. PMID:26848296

  19. Total laparoscopic hysterectomy via suture and ligation technique

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Hye Won; Lee, Ji Won; Kim, Ho Yeon; Kim, Bo Wook

    2016-01-01

    Objective The term 'total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) with classical suture method' refers to a surgical procedure performed using only sutures and ligations with intracorporeal or extracorporeal ties, without using any laser or electronic cauterization devices during laparoscopic surgery as in total abdominal hysterectomy. However, the method is not as widely used as electric coagulation equipment for TLH because further advances in technology and surgical technique are required and operative time can take longer. In the current study, we evaluated the benefits of the classical suture method for TLH. Methods This study retrospectively reviewed patients who received TLH using the classical suture method from August 2005 to April 2014. The patients' baseline characteristics were analyzed, including age, parity, cause of operation, medical and surgical history. Surgical outcomes analyzed included the weight of the uterus, operative time, complications, changes in hemoglobin level, blood transfusion requirements, and postoperative hospital stay. Results Of 746 patients who underwent TLH with the classical suture method, mean operation time was 96.9 minutes. Mean average decline in hemoglobin was 1.6 g/dL and transfusion rate was 6.2%. Urinary tract injuries were reported in 8 patients. Urinary tract injuries comprised 6 cases of bladder injury and 3 cases of ureter injury. There were no cases of vaginal stump infection, hematoma, bowel injury or abdominal wound complication. All cases involving complications occurred before 2010. Conclusion The classical suture method for TLH presents tolerable levels of complications and blood loss. Advanced surgical skill is expected to decrease operation time and complications. PMID:26866034

  20. Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: Technique and Complications of 830 Cases

    PubMed Central

    Dibble, Suzanne L.; Garnier, Anne-Caroline; Reuland, Mirjam Leuchtenberger

    2007-01-01

    Objective: This study analyses the technique and complications from total laparoscopic hysterectomy. Methods: Retrospective chart abstraction was performed on 830 consecutive patients operated on between 1996 and 2006. Demographic and surgical data were analyzed by ANOVA, chi-square, and Spearman and Pearson correlation techniques were used with significance set at P<0.05. Results: Of 830 consecutive patients, 5 (0.6%) were converted to laparotomy. Patients had a mean age of 50 (11) years, a mean of 1.3 (1.3) pregnancies, and a mean BMI of 27.6 (6.8) kg/m2. The mean surgical duration was 132 (55) minutes, with mean blood loss of 130 (189) mL and average hospital stay of 1.4 (0.9) days. Duration of surgery, blood loss, and hospital stay all decreased with the surgeon's increasing experience. Reoperative complications occurred in 38 patients (4.7%). Urologic injuries were observed in 23 patients (2.6%), with 9 (1.1%) requiring reoperation. Conclusions: This technique for TLH offers the benefits of minimally invasive surgery for patients needing hysterectomy, even those without vaginal capacity and uterine prolapse. PMID:17651556

  1. The use of bidirectional barbed suture in laparoscopic myomectomy and total laparoscopic hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Greenberg, James A; Einarsson, Jon I

    2008-01-01

    Bidirectional barbed suture is a new design that incorporates tiny barbs spaced evenly along the length of the suture cut facing in opposite directions from the midpoint. Unlike the smooth-textured traditional suture, the bidirectional barbs on this new product introduce a new paradigm in which wound tension is evenly distributed across the length of the suture line rather than at the knotted end. No knots are required with bidirectional barbed suture. We present a small case series with bidirectional barbed suture to close myometrial defects in laparoscopic myomectomies and vaginal cuffs in total laparoscopic hysterectomies. On the basis of our early experience, we are optimistic that this new suture material is a potentially valuable tool for gynecologic surgeons. PMID:18619922

  2. Feasibility and Safety of Outpatient Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Lemyre, Madeleine; Couture, Vanessa; Bernier, Gabrielle; Laberge, Philippe Y.

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objective: Ambulatory total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) could lead to significant cost savings, but some fear the effects of what could be premature postsurgical discharge. We sought to estimate the feasibility and safety of TLH as an outpatient procedure for benign gynecologic conditions. Methods: We report a prospective, consecutive case series of 128 outpatient TLHs performed for benign gynecologic conditions in a tertiary care center. Results: Of the 295 women scheduled for a TLH, 151 (51%) were attempted as an outpatient procedure. A total of 128 women (85%) were actually discharged home the day of their surgery. The most common reasons for admission the same day were urinary retention (19%) and nausea (15%). Indications for hysterectomy were mainly leiomyomas (62%), menorrhagia (24%), and pelvic pain (9%). Endometriosis and adhesions were found in 23% and 25% of the cases, respectively. Mean estimated blood loss was 56 mL and mean uterus weight was 215 g, with the heaviest uterus weighing 841 g. Unplanned consultation and readmission were infrequent, occurring in 3.1% and 0.8% of cases, respectively, in the first 72 hours. At 3 months, unplanned consultation, complication, and readmission had occurred in a similar proportion of inpatient and outpatient TLHs (17.2%, 12.5%, and 4.7% versus 18.1%, 12.7%, and 5.4%, respectively). In a logistic regression model, uterus weight, presence of adhesions or endometriosis, and duration of the operation were not associated with adverse outcomes. Conclusion: Same-day discharge is a feasible and safe option for carefully selected patients who undergo an uncomplicated TLH, even in the presence of leiomyomas, severe adhesions, or endometriosis. PMID:25788825

  3. Hysterectomy - vaginal - discharge

    MedlinePLUS

    Vaginal hysterectomy - discharge; Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy - discharge; LAVH - discharge ... you were in the hospital, you had a vaginal hysterectomy. Your surgeon made a cut in your ...

  4. Robotic Radical Hysterectomy Versus Total Laparoscopic Radical Hysterectomy With Pelvic Lymphadenectomy for Treatment of Early Cervical Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Datta, M. Shoma; Liu, Connie; Chuang, Linus; Zakashansky, Konstantin

    2008-01-01

    Background and Objectives: To compare intraoperative, pathologic and postoperative outcomes of robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) to total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) in patients with early stage cervical carcinoma. Methods: We prospectively analyzed cases of TLRH or RRH with pelvic lymphadenectomy performed for treatment of early cervical cancer between 2000 and 2008. Results: Thirty patients underwent TLRH and pelvic lymph-adenectomy for cervical cancer from August 2000 to June 2006. Thirteen patients underwent RRH and pelvic lymph-adenectomy for cervical cancer from April 2006 to January 2008. There were no differences between groups for age, tumor histology, stage, lymphovascular space involvement or nodal status. No statistical differences were observed regarding operative time (323 vs 318 min), estimated blood loss (157 vs 200 mL), or hospital stay (2.7 vs 3.8 days). Mean pelvic lymph node count was similar in the two groups (25 vs 31). None of the robotic or laparoscopic procedures required conversion to laparotomy. The differences in major operative and postoperative complications between the two groups were not significant. All patients in both groups are alive and free of disease at the time of last follow up. Conclusion: Based on our experience, robotic radical hysterectomy appears to be equivalent to total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy with respect to operative time, blood loss, hospital stay, and oncological outcome. We feel the intuitive nature of the robotic approach, magnification, dexterity, and flexibility combined with significant reduction in surgeon's fatigue offered by the robotic system will allow more surgeons to use a minimally invasive approach to radical hysterectomy. PMID:18765043

  5. Endometriosis after Laparoscopic Supracervical Hysterectomy with Uterine Morcellation: A Case Control Study

    PubMed Central

    Schuster, Mitchell W.; Wheeler, Thomas L.; Richter, Holly E.

    2011-01-01

    Study Objective To compare the incidence of new onset endometriosis after laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) with uterine morcellation to traditional routes. Design Single center case-control study Design Classification Canadian Task Force Classification II-2 Setting Single Center case-control study of hysterectomies from January, 2006 through December, 2008. Patients 277 laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomies with morcellation (cases) and 187 transvaginal or abdominal hysterectomies without morcellation (controls) performed from January, 2006 to December 2008. Interventions 464 women underwent hysterectomy, 277 cases via laparoscopic supracervical approach (LSH) with morcellation and 187 performed either transvaginally or abdominally without morcellation. Repeat operative procedures were performed for other benign indications on 16 of 464 (3.5%) prior hysterectomy patients. Measurements and Main Results 102 patients had endometriosis at the time of hysterectomy diagnosed by pathologic evaluation or gross visualization. In those without endometriosis, repeat operative procedures were performed for pain and bleeding in 3.3% (12/362). 60% (3/5) of LSH patients and 28.6% (2/7) of the control group were found to have newly diagnosed endometriosis conferring a rate of 1.4% (3/217) for the LSH group and 1.4% (2/145) in the controls. In patients with endometriosis, repeat operative procedures for pain and/or bleeding occurred in 2.9% (3/102); 3/60 of LSH patients and none in the control group (0/42). Two of these 3 patients undergoing a second surgery had recurrent/continued endometriosis. Conclusion Newly diagnosed endometriosis was noted in 1.4% of patients after hysterectomy with a similar incidence between the LSH and control groups. Reoperation for those with endometriosis at the time of LSH with morcellation was infrequent, but endometriosis was usually found. Further research is needed to delineate risk factors for development of de novo endometriosis after hysterectomy. PMID:22265051

  6. Combined spinal and general anesthesia is better than general anesthesia alone for laparoscopic hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Ghodki, Poonam S.; Sardesai, Shalini P.; Naphade, Ramesh W.

    2014-01-01

    Context: Spinal anesthesia (SA) was combined with general anesthesia (GA) for achieving hemodynamic stability in laparoscopic hysterectomy. Aims: The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of SA combined with GA in maintaining hemodynamic stability in laparoscopic hysterectomy. The secondary outcomes studied were requirement of inhaled anesthetics, vasodilators, and recovery profile. Settings and Design: We conducted a prospective, randomized study in ASAI/II patients posted for laparoscopic hysterectomy, who were willing to participate in the study. Materials and Methods: Patients were randomly assigned to receive SA with GA (group SGA) or plain GA (group GA). Group SGA received 10 mg bupivacaine (heavy) for SA. GA was administered using conventional balanced technique. Maintenance was carried out with nitrous oxide, oxygen, and isoflurane. Comparison of hemodynamic parameters was carried out during creation of pneumoperitoneum and thereafter. Total isoflurane requirement, need of vasodilators, recovery profile, and regression of SA were studied. Statistical analysis used: Descriptive statistics in the form of mean, standard deviation, frequency, and percentages were calculated for interval and categorical variables, respectively. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied for noting significant difference between the two groups, with chi-square tests for categorical variables and post-hoc Bonferroni test for interval variables. Comparison of heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), SPO2, and etCO2 was done with Student's t-test or Mann–Whitney test, wherever applicable. Results: Patients in group SGA maintained stable and acceptable MAP values throughout pneumoperitoneum. The difference as compared to group GA was statistically significant (P < 0.01). Group GA showed additional requirement of metoprolol (53.33%) and higher concentration of isoflurane (P < 0.001) to combat the increased MAP. Recovery was early and quick in group SGA as against group GA (P = 0.000). There were no adverse/residual effects of SA. Conclusion: The hemodynamic repercussions during pneumoperitoneum can be effectively attenuated by combining SA and GA, without any adverse effects. PMID:25422608

  7. From open radical hysterectomy to robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for early stage cervical cancer: aspects of a single institution learning curve

    PubMed Central

    Zweemer, R. P.; van Baal, W. M.; van de Lande, J.; Dijkstra, J. C.; Verheijen, R. H. M.

    2010-01-01

    We analysed the introduction of the robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy in patients with early-stage cervical cancer with respect to patient benefits and surgeon-related aspects of a surgical learning curve. A retrospective review of the first 14 robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomies and the last 14 open radical hysterectomies in a similar clinical setting with the same surgical team was conducted. Patients were candidates for a laparoscopic sentinel node procedure, pelvic lymph node dissection and open radical hysterectomy (RH) before August 2006 and were candidates for a laparoscopic sentinel node procedure, pelvic lymph node dissection and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (RALRH) after August 2006. Overall, blood loss in the open cases was significantly more compared with the robot cases. Median hospital stay after RALRH was 5days less than after RH. The median theatre time in the learning period for the robot procedure was reduced from 9h to less that 4h and compared well to the 3h and 45min for an open procedure. Three complications occurred in the open group and one in the robot group. RALRH is feasible and of benefit to the patient with early stage cervical cancer by a reduction of blood loss and reduced hospital stay. Introduction of this new technique requires a learning curve of less than 15 cases that will reduce the operating time to a level comparable to open surgery. PMID:20700514

  8. Do New Vessel Sealing Devices and Harmonic Ace Increase Ureteric Injury in Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy?

    PubMed Central

    Trivedi, Prakash; DCosta, Sylvia; Shirkande, Preeti; Wahi, Meenu; Kumar, Shilpi

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To compare the risk of ureteric injury in total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) using new vessel sealing devices (VSDs) and harmonic scalpel with simple scissors, bipolar and suturing. This was an evaluation of 1209 cases, carried out from May 1999 to April 2010. Design and Setting: A retrospective comparative study was carried out at a tertiary gynecological endoscopic unit. Materials and Methods: Out of 1209 patients, who had hysterectomies for various indications, TLH was done in 892 patients, 273 had vaginal hysterectomy and 44 had abdominal hysterectomy. We evaluated the incidence of ureteric injury in these cases. Results: There was no mortality. In the group of vaginal and abdominal hysterectomy, there were no ureteric injuries. In the TLH group, we had 390 cases with simple scissors, bipolar and suturing with no ureteric injury. In 502 cases, new VSDs, e.g., plasma kinetic gyrus, Martin Maxim with Robi grasper, with or without harmonic 5 mm scalpel/ace were used. There were five ureteric injuries, all on the right side (one double ureter): first case was with Martin Maxim and Robi grasper, two with plasma kinetic gyrus 10 mm trissector, one with harmonic scalpel and the last one with scissors. We evaluated the reasons for such ureteric injuries, with experienced laparoscopic surgeons and the best possible set up. There were seven conversions to open surgery out of 892 cases of TLH, more due to poor case selection. PMID:22442518

  9. Tubal ectopic pregnancy two years after laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Ectopic pregnancy after hysterectomy is a very rare condition, but it must be kept in mind in women with history of hysterectomy who present with abdominal pain and ecographic adnexal heterogeneous images. Since first described by Wendeler in 1895, at least 67 ectopic pregnancies (tubal, ovarian and abdominal) have been described in patients subjected to prior hysterectomy. Case presentation We describe the case of a 41-year-old white caucasian woman admitted to the emergency room due to abdominal pain for two days. The ultrasounds scan and the quantification of beta-HCG led to the diagnosis of tubal ectopic pregnancy, although she had been hysterectomized two years before. An emergency laparoscopy was performed for salpingectomy. The pathology report indicated trophoblastic tubal implantation and hematosalpinx. Conclusions Ectopic pregnancy is one of the conditions to be considered in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain in women of child bearing potential, and the absence of the uterus does not rule out its diagnosis. PMID:24886255

  10. A Comparative Study Between Laparoscopically Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy and Vaginal Hysterectomy: Experience in a Tertiary Diabetes Care Hospital in Bangladesh

    PubMed Central

    Jahan, Samsad; Das, Tripti; Mahmud, Nusrat; Khan, Masuda Islam; Akter, Latifa; Mondol, Samiron Kumar; Yasmin, Sharmin; Nahar, Nurun; Habib, Samira Humaira; Saha, Soma; Paul, Debashish; Joarder, Mahjabin

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The study was undertaken to compare the efficiency and outcome of Laparoscopic Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy (LAVH) and Vaginal Hysterectomy (VH) in terms of operative time, cost, estimated blood loss, hospital stay, quantity of analgesia use, intra- and postoperative complication rates and patients recovery. Materials and Methods: A total of 500 diabetic patients were prospectively collected in the study period from January 2005 through January 2009. The performance of LAVH was compared with that of VH, in a tertiary care hospital. The procedures were performed by the same surgeon. Results: There was no significant difference in terms of age, parity, body weight or uterine weight. The mean estimated blood loss in LAVH was significantly lower when compared with the VH group (126.5±39.8 ml and 100±32.8 ml), respectively. As to postoperative pain, less diclofenac was required in the LAVH group compared to the VH group (70.38±13.45 mg and 75.18±16.45 mg), respectively. Conclusions: LAVH, is clinically and economically comparable to VH, with patient benefits of less estimated blood loss, lower quantity of analgesia use, lower rate of intra- and postoperative complications, less postoperative pain, rapid patient recovery, and shorter hospital stay. PMID:26085749

  11. Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting: Palonosetron with Dexamethasone vs. Ondansetron with Dexamethasone in Laparoscopic Hysterectomies

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Anish N. G.; Shankaranarayana, Paniye

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is the most common complication seen following laparoscopic surgery. Our study sought to evaluate the efficacy of the newer drug palonosetron with that of ondansetron, in combination with dexamethasone, for PONV in patients undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomies.? Methods A total of 90 patients, aged between 3050 years old, posted for elective laparoscopic hysterectomies under general anesthesia belonging to the American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status I and II were included in the study. Patients were randomly divided into one of two groups (n=45). Before induction, patients in the first group (group I) received 0.075mg palonosetron with 8mg dexamethasone and patients in the second group (group II) received 4mg ondansetron with 8mg dexamethasone. Postoperatively, any incidences of early or delayed vomiting, requirement of rescue antiemetic, and side effects were recorded. Patients hemodynamics were also monitored. Statistical analysis was done using Students t-test, chi-square test, and Fishers exact test.? Results Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative heart rate, mean arterial pressure, peripheral capillary oxygen saturation were statistically not significant (p>0.050) in either group. In group II, eight patients had nausea in the first two hours and three patients had nausea in the two to six-hour postoperative period. In group I, three patients experienced nausea in the first six hours period. Eight patients in group II had vomited in the first two-hour period compared to one patient in group I (p=0.013). The requirement of rescue antiemetic was greater in group II than group I (20% vs. 4%). No side effects of antiemetic use were observed in either group.? Conclusion The combination of palonosetron with dexamethasone is more effective in treating early, delayed, and long term PONV compared to ondansetron with dexamethasone in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic hysterectomies under general anesthesia. PMID:26366258

  12. Laparoscopic Hysterectomy for Uterine Fibroids: Is it Safe?

    PubMed

    Hinchcliff, Emily M; Cohen, Sarah L

    2016-03-01

    As more complex cases and larger uterine specimens are able to be managed with minimally invasive surgery, the limitations of tissue retrieval with these methods are of increasing concern. Risks of morcellator-related injury, tissue dissemination, or fragmentation must be weighed against increased morbidity of abdominal approach to hysterectomy. In an effort to mitigate the risks of tissue morcellation, containment system use must be considered when fragmenting a specimen, either with power morcellation or a manual technique via the vagina or minilaparotomy. PMID:26670837

  13. Fiber Optical Improvements for a Device Used in Laparoscopic Hysterectomy Surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hernández Garcia, Ricardo; Vázquez Mercado, Liliana; García-Torales, G.; Flores, Jorge L.; Barcena-Soto, Maximiliano; Casillas Santana, Norberto; Casillas Santana, Juan Manuel

    2006-09-01

    Hysterectomy removes uterus from patients suffering different pathologies. One of the most common techniques for performing it is the laparoscopically-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH). In the final stage of the procedure, surgeons face the need to unambiguously identify the vaginal cuff before uterus removal. The aim of this research is to adapt a local source of illumination to a polymer cup-like device adapted to a stainless steel shaft that surgeons nowadays use to manipulate the uterus in LAVH. Our proposal consists in implementing a set of optical fiber illuminators along the border of the cup-like device to illuminate the exact vaginal cupola, using an external light source. We present experimental results concerning temperature increases in quasi adiabatic conditions in cow meat under different light intensity illumination.

  14. Robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy, gonadal biopsy, and orchiopexies in an infant with persistent mullerian duct syndrome.

    PubMed

    Wu, Jonathan A; Hsieh, Michael H

    2014-04-01

    An infant born with hypospadias and no palpable gonads was diagnosed with persistent mullerian duct syndrome (PMDS) based on history, physical examination, laboratory testing, and radiologic imaging. A robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy, right gonadal biopsy, and bilateral orchiopexies were performed without incident. Final pathology confirmed the diagnosis of PMDS. To our knowledge, this is only the second report of PMDS managed through a robot-assisted laparoscopic approach. PMID:24246315

  15. Hysterectomy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... hysterectomy is performed with the help of a robotic machine controlled by the surgeon. In general, it ... in a better outcome than laparoscopy performed without robotic assistance. What are the benefits and risks of ...

  16. Hysterectomy

    MedlinePLUS

    A hysterectomy is surgery to remove a woman's uterus or womb. The uterus is the place where a baby grows when ... by medicine or surgery Uterine prolapse - when the uterus drops into the vagina Cancer of the uterine, ...

  17. Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator in Laparoscopic Nerve-Sparing Radical Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Hao, Min; Wang, Zhilian; Wei, Fang; Wang, Jingfang; Wang, Wei; Ping, Yi

    2016-01-01

    Objective Pelvic autonomic nerve preservation during radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer has become a priority in recent years. This pilot study was undertaken to evaluate laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (L-NSRH) using the Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator (CUSA) in women with cervical cancer. Methods Patients with stage IB1 or IIA1 cervical cancer underwent L-NSRH with pelvic lymphadenectomy. The patients were randomly assigned to receive L-NSRH using a CUSA (CUSA group; n = 24) or using other techniques (non-CUSA group; n = 21). Recovery of bladder function (indwelling catheter time and time to spontaneous voiding) blood loss, duration of hospital stay, lymph node harvesting, and postoperative complications were compared between the 2 groups. Patients were followed for up to 3 years to determine the maintenance of effect. Results All patients underwent L-NSRH successfully. Intraoperative blood loss was significantly less in the CUSA than in the non-CUSA group (P = 0.005). Length of hospital stay (P = 0.006) and indwelling catheter time (P = 0.008) were both significantly reduced in the CUSA group compared with that in the non-CUSA group. The spontaneous voiding rate 10 days postoperatively was 95.8% with CUSA and 85.7% with non-CUSA techniques. Two patients developed postoperative complications in the CUSA group as did 3 patients in the non-CUSA group. These were cases of lymphocyst formation or urinary tract infection. Conclusions Laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy using CUSA was safe and feasible in patients with cervical cancer. Our results provide initial evidence that L-NSRH using CUSA preserves pelvic autonomic nerve function. PMID:26807637

  18. Hysterectomy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... cuts in the belly, in order to perform robotic surgery You and your doctor will decide which ... through the vagina using a laparoscope or after robotic surgery. When a larger surgical cut (incision) in ...

  19. Learning curve analysis of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for gynecologic oncologists without open counterpart experience

    PubMed Central

    Kong, Tae-Wook; Paek, Jiheum; Park, Hyogyeong; Kang, Seong Woo; Ryu, Hee-Sug

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the learning curve of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) for gynecologic oncologists who underwent residency- and fellowship-training on laparoscopic surgery without previous experience in performing abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH). Methods We retrospectively reviewed 84 patients with FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stage IB cervical cancer who underwent LRH (Piver type III) between April 2006 and March 2014. The patients were divided into two groups (surgeon A group, 42 patients; surgeon B group, 42 patients) according to the surgeon with or without ARH experience. Clinico-pathologic data were analyzed between the 2 groups. Operating times were analyzed using the cumulative sum technique. Results The operating time in surgeon A started at 5 to 10 standard deviations of mean operating time and afterward steeply decreased with operative experience (Pearson correlation coefficient=-0.508, P=0.001). Surgeon B, however, showed a gentle slope of learning curve within 2 standard deviations of mean operating time (Pearson correlation coefficient=-0.225, P=0.152). Approximately 18 cases for both surgeons were required to achieve surgical proficiency for LRH. Multivariate analysis showed that tumor size (>4 cm) was significantly associated with increased operating time (P=0.027; odds ratio, 4.667; 95% confidence interval, 1.187 to 18.352). Conclusion After completing the residency- and fellowship-training course on gynecologic laparoscopy, gynecologic oncologists, even without ARH experience, might reach an acceptable level of surgical proficiency in LRH after approximately 20 cases and showed a gentle slope of learning curve, taking less effort to initially perform LRH. PMID:26430662

  20. Safety of laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy for women with anterior wall adherence after cesarean section

    PubMed Central

    Ko, Jung Hwa; Bae, Jaeman; Lee, Won Moo; Koh, A Ra; Boo, Hyeyeon; Lee, Eunhyun; Hong, Jin Hwa

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the safety and surgical outcomes of laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) for women with anterior wall adherence after cesarean section. Methods We conducted a retrospective study of 328 women with prior cesarean section history who underwent LAVH from March 2003 to July 2013. The subjects were classified into two groups: group A, with anterior wall adherence (n=49); group B, without anterior wall adherence (n=279). We compared the demographic, clinical characteristics, and surgical outcomes of two groups. Results The median age and parity of the patients were 46 years (range, 34 to 70 years) and 2 (1 to 6). Patients with anterior wall adherence had longer operating times (175 vs. 130 minutes, P<0.05). There were no significant differences in age, parity, number of cesarean section, body mass index, specimen weight, postoperative change in hemoglobin concentration, or length of hospital stay between the two groups. There was one case from each group who sustained bladder laceration during the vaginal portion of the procedure, both repaired vaginally. There was no conversion to abdominal hysterectomy in either group. Conclusion LAVH is effective and safe for women with anterior wall adherence after cesarean section. PMID:26623415

  1. Cervical Detachment Using Monopolar SupraLoop Electrode versus Monopolar Needle in Laparoscopic Supracervical Hysterectomy (LSH): An Interventional, Comparative Cohort Study

    PubMed Central

    Brucker, S.; Rothmund, R.; Krmer, B.; Neis, F.; Schnfisch, B.; Zubke, W.; Taran, F. A.; Wallwiener, M.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Currently available monopolar loop electrodes are difficult to handle in laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) and are entirely disposable devices, generating additional operating costs. The aim of this interventional study was the comparison of the efficiency and safety of cervical detachment with a newly developed monopolar loop electrode (SupraLoop) with a conventional method of cervical detachment in LSH. Material and Methods: Our study sample included 1598 patients; 1070 patients that underwent LSH with cervical detachment using the monopolar SupraLoop (study group) and 528 patients that underwent LSH with cervical detachment using the monopolar needle (control group). We also assessed cervical detachment time and total device application and cutting time in a subgroup of 49 patients (23 patients from the study group and 26 patients from the control group). Results: Total operation time for LSH was significantly shorter among SupraLoop patients (93??41 minutes) when compared to patients in whom cervical detachment was performed with the needle (105??44 minutes) (p?laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy, and performed better than the needle, offering a significantly shorter operating time and less complications for the hysterectomy compared to the conventional method. PMID:24771898

  2. Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Hysterectomy for Benign Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials.

    PubMed

    Albright, Benjamin B; Witte, Tilman; Tofte, Alena N; Chou, Jeremy; Black, Jonathan D; Desai, Vrunda B; Erekson, Elisabeth A

    2016-01-01

    We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the safety and effectiveness of robotic vs laparoscopic hysterectomy in women with benign uterine disease, as determined by randomized studies. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Controlled-Trials.com from study inception to October 9, 2014, using the intersection of the themes "robotic" and "hysterectomy." We included only randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials of robotic vs laparoscopic hysterectomy in women for benign disease. Four trials met our inclusion criteria and were included in the analyses. We extracted data, and assessed the studies for methodological quality in duplicate. For meta-analysis, we used random effects to calculate pooled risk ratios (RRs) and weighted mean differences. For our primary outcome, we used a modified version of the Expanded Accordion Severity Grading System to classify perioperative complications. We identified 41 complications among 326 patients. Comparing robotic and laparoscopic hysterectomy, revealed no statistically significant differences in the rate of class 1 and 2 complications (RR, 0.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.23-1.89) or in the rate of class 3 and 4 complications (RR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.22-4.40). Analyses of secondary outcomes were limited owing to heterogeneity, but showed no significant benefit of the robotic technquie over the laparoscopic technique in terms of length of hospital stay (weighted mean difference, -0.39 day; 95% CI, -0.92 to 0.14 day), total operating time (weighted mean difference, 9.0 minutes; 95% CI, -31.27 to 47.26 minutes), conversions to laparotomy, or blood loss. Outcomes of cost, pain, and quality of life were reported inconsistently and were not amenable to pooling. Current evidence demonstrates neither statistically significant nor clinically meaningful differences in surgical outcomes between robotic and laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign disease. The role of robotic surgery in benign gynecology remains unclear. PMID:26272688

  3. Postoperative pain relief with epidural buprenorphine versus epidural butorphanol in laparoscopic hysterectomies: A comparative study

    PubMed Central

    Jose, Dona Elsa; Ganapathi, P.; Anish Sharma, N. G.; Shankaranarayana, P.; Aiyappa, D. S.; Nazim, Mohammed

    2016-01-01

    Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of postoperative analgesia with epidural buprenorphine and butorphanol tartrate. Methods: Sixty patients who were scheduled for elective laparoscopic hysterectomies were randomly enrolled in the study. At the end of the surgery, in study Group A 1 ml (0.3 mg) of buprenorphine and in Group B 1 ml (1 mg) of butorphanol tartrate both diluted to 10 ml with normal saline was injected through the epidural catheter. Visual analog pain scales (VAPSs) were assessed every hour till the 6th h, then 2nd hourly till the 12th h. To assess sedation, Ramsay sedation score was used. The total duration of postoperative analgesia was taken as the period from the time of giving epidural drug until the patients first complain of pain and the VAPS is more than 6. Patients were observed for any side effects such as respiratory depression, nausea, vomiting, hypotension, bradycardia, pruritus, and headache. Results: Buprenorphine had a longer duration of analgesia when compared to butorphanol tartrate (586.17 ± 73.64 vs. 342.53 ± 47.42 [P < 0.001]). Nausea, vomiting (13% vs. 10%), and headache (20% vs. 13%) were more in buprenorphine group; however, sedation score and pruritus (3% vs. 6%) were found to be more with butorphanol. Conclusion: Epidural buprenorphine significantly reduced pain and increased the quality of analgesia with a longer duration of action and was a better alternative to butorphanol for postoperative pain relief. PMID:26957696

  4. Prognostic and Safety Roles in Laparoscopic Versus Abdominal Radical Hysterectomy in Cervical Cancer: A Meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Cao, Tiefeng; Feng, Yanling; Huang, Qidan; Wan, Ting

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Objective: Studies comparing the prognostic results between laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) and abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH) in cervical cancer reported contradictory results. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic and safety roles of LRH by pooling studies in a meta-analysis. Materials and Methods: Original articles were searched in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. The survival results (5-year disease-free survival [DFS], 5-year overall survival [OS], and recurrence rate [RR]), safety parameters (intra-, peri-, and postoperative complication rates and postoperative bowel or bladder recovery days), efficiency parameters (pelvic/para-aortic lymph nodes removed), and other parameters (operative time, estimated blood loss, and hospital of stay) between the two approaches were reviewed. Results: For the 2922 cases identified, DFS, OS, and RR did not differ in balanced prognostic factors, including lymph node metastasis, Stage IIB or above, nonsquamous cancer histology, grade G3, lymphovascular space invasion, tumor size ?4?cm, and positive parametrial and vaginal margin rates. Meanwhile, LRH was associated with higher complication rates and a shorter time to the recovery of bowel or bladder function than for ARH. The number of removed pelvic or para-aortic lymph nodes did not significantly differ. Other parameters showed LRH was associated with a longer operative time, less blood loss, and a shorter length of hospital stay. The survival and prognostic results did not differ in balanced prognostic factors. Conclusions: LRH is safe and has lower operative complication rates than ARH. PMID:26584414

  5. A comparison of abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies in Benghazi, Libya.

    PubMed

    Agnaeber, K; Bodalal, Z

    2013-08-01

    We performed a comparative study between abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies using clinical data from Al-Jamhouria hospital (one of the largest maternity hospitals in Eastern Libya). Various parameters were taken into consideration: the rates of each type (and their subtypes); average age of patients; indications; causes; postoperative complications; and duration of stay in the hospital afterwards. Conclusions and recommendations were drawn from the results of this study. In light of the aforementioned parameters, it was found that: (1) abdominal hysterectomies were more common than vaginal hysterectomies (p < 0.001); (2) patients admitted for abdominal hysterectomies are younger than those admitted for vaginal hysterectomies (p < 0.001); (3) the most common indication for an abdominal hysterectomy was menstrual disturbances, while for vaginal hysterectomies it was vaginal prolapse; (4) the histopathological cause for abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies were observed and the most common were found to be leiomyomas and atrophic endometrium; (5)there was no significant difference between the two routes in terms of postoperative complications; (6) patients who were admitted for abdominal hysterectomies spent a longer amount of time in the hospital (p < 0.01). It was concluded that efforts should be made to further pursue vaginal and laparoscopic hysterectomies as a viable option to the more conventional abdominal route. PMID:23919862

  6. Total Vaginal NOTES Hysterectomy: A New Approach to Hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Baekelandt, Jan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of a total hysterectomy performed entirely by transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES). Conventional, reusable laparoscopic instruments were used, inserted through an inexpensive, self-constructed single-port device. Ten total vaginal NOTES hysterectomies (TVNHs) were performed by a single surgeon. The self-constructed single-port device was made by assembling a surgical glove, a wound protector or modified laryngeal mask airway, 1 reusable 10-mm trocar, and 4 reusable 5-mm trocars. This gloveport was inserted into the vagina to create a pneumovagina. The conventional steps of a vaginal hysterectomy were followed, but performed endoscopically with standard reusable endoscopic instruments. The patient and perioperative data were analyzed. No conversion to standard laparoscopy or laparotomy was necessary in any of the 10 patients who underwent a TVNH. Mean operation time was 97 min (range: 60-120); mean drop in hemoglobin level was 1.5 g/dL (range: 0.5-2.4). There were no operative complications, and postoperative pain scores were very low. This first report on a small number of patients demonstrates that TVNH is possible. By incorporating the advantages of endoscopic surgery, TVNH broadens the indications for vaginal hysterectomy and helps overcome its limitations. At the same time, the NOTES approach avoids abdominal wall wounds and trocar-related complications. TVNH is feasible, even when performed with reusable, conventional laparoscopic instruments. This frugally innovative technique also enables surgeons to perform hysterectomies by vNOTES in low resource settings. PMID:26009278

  7. Antiemetic effect of propofol administered at the end of surgery in laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Eu-Gene; Kang, Hyoseok; Choi, Juyoun; Lee, Hyun Jeong

    2014-01-01

    Background Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) commonly occur after general anesthesia, especially in women. In this study, we evaluated the antiemetic efficacy of propofol administered at the end of surgery in highly susceptible patients undergoing a laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. Methods A total of 107 women undergoing a laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy under general anesthesia were enrolled for this prospective, double-blind, randomized study. Fifteen minutes before the end of surgery, all patients received 50 g fentanyl and 1 of following 3 doses; 0.5 mg/kg of propofol (propofol 0.5 group), 1 mg/kg of propofol (propofol 1.0 group), and normal saline (control group). All patients received intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). Emergence time, a visual analog scale for pain and nausea, duration of postanesthesia care unit (PACU) stay, and frequency of antiemetic use were recorded at 0-2, 2-24, and 24-48 hours postoperatively. Results The incidence of nausea significantly lower in the propofol 0.5 and propofol 1.0 groups than in the control group (12.1 vs 14.7 vs 40%). During the first postoperative 2 hours, antiemetics were less frequently administered in the propofol 0.5 and propofol 1.0 groups than in the control group (3.0 vs 5.9 vs 22.5%). Emergence time was slightly longer in the propofol 0.5 and propofol 1.0 groups than in the control group, but there was no significant difference in PACU stay time was observed between the 3 groups. Conclusions The results of this study suggest that low-dose propofol administration at the end of surgery may effectively reduce the incidence of PONV within 2 hours postoperatively in highly susceptible women undergoing a laparoscopiy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy and receiving opioid-based PCA. PMID:24729843

  8. Single-incision versus conventional laparoscopic appendectomy: A case-match study

    PubMed Central

    Joliat, Gatan-Romain; Uldry, Emilie; Schfer, Markus

    2014-01-01

    Background: Three-port laparoscopic appendectomy is considered standard in many countries for the surgical treatment of acute appendicitis. Single-incision laparoscopic technique has been recently introduced and is supposed to minimize the aggression induced by surgery. Regarding appendectomy, comparison with standard laparoscopy, benefits and drawbacks of this novel technique remain to be evaluated. The goal of this study was to assess single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy compared to conventional laparoscopic appendectomy in terms of operation time, length of hospital stay, complication rate, and postoperative antibiotherapy rate. Methods: From February 2011 to December 2011, single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy was proposed to patients admitted to the emergency room of the University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland), diagnosed with uncomplicated acute appendicitis. Preoperative patients information, technical difficulties during the operation, and postoperative follow-ups were recorded. Every patient who underwent single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (n = 20) was matched 1:3 conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (n = 60), controlling for age, gender, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and histopathological findings. Results: No statistically significant differences for median operation time, length of hospital stay, complication rate, and need for postoperative antibiotherapy were found. In 5 out of 20 single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy patients the Endoloop Ligature was judged difficult to put in place. Conclusion: This study suggests that single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy is a feasible and effective operative technique for uncomplicated acute appendicitis.

  9. A randomized comparison of gasless laparoscopic appendectomy and conventional laparoscopic appendectomy

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and cost effectiveness of the gasless laparoscopic appendectomy (GLA) and conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (LA). Methods From Aug 2010 to Feb 2012, 100 patients with a clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis in Shanghai Tongji hospital were included in the study and randomly divided into the LA and GLA groups, fifty in the GLA group and 50 in the LA group. The two groups were comparable in age, gender, body mass index, symptom duration, ASA score, and white blood cell count. Results The mean surgical duration was 70.6 ± 30.8 min in the GLA group and 62.6 ± 22.0 min in the LA group (P = 0.138). The total conversion rate was 8% in the GLA group, while no conversions occurred in the LA group. Postoperative complications did not significantly differ between the two groups. Fentanyl consumption was decreased significantly in the GLA group (P = 0.019) postoperatively. The length of the total hospital stay was 4.36 ± 1.74 days in the GLA group compared with 5.68 ± 4.44 days in the LA group (P = 0.053). There was a significant decrease in the total hospital cost when the GLA group was compared with the LA group (6659 ± 1782 vs. 9056 ± 2680 Yuan, respectively, P < 0.001). Conclusion GLA and conventional LA are comparable in terms of operative duration, complications, and total hospital stay. The obvious advantage of GLA is the significantly reduced hospital cost. The demand for postoperative analgesics may also decrease following GLA. In conclusion, GLA is a safe and feasible procedure in selected patients. Trial registration Chinese Clinical Trial Register ChiCTR-TRC-10001203. PMID:24401566

  10. Conventional laparoscopic and robotic sacrocolpopexy: tips and tricks.

    PubMed

    Lenger, Stacy M; White, Wesley M

    2016-02-01

    The demand for surgical correction of symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse has significantly increased as the general population has aged. In the modern era, patients with bothersome prolapse desire durable corrective surgery that offers tangible improvement in quality of life and is associated with minimal morbidity. Open abdominal sacral colpopexy (ASC) had long been considered the "gold standard" approach to achieve these reconstructive goals but was construed as being overly invasive with prolonged recovery and unacceptable pain. Transvaginal approaches were favored as a less invasive alternative, but durability and the more recent climate of fear engendered by mesh complications has made many surgeons and patients averse to these procedures. Improved laparoscopic dexterity and experience has led to renewed interest in ASC. Laparoscopic ASC achieves the aforementioned reconstructive goals but with decreased pain and faster recovery inherent to minimally invasive surgery. More recently, the widespread advent and adoption of robotics has made minimally invasive ASC more accessible to surgeons through its enabling technology. This article will review our team's robust experience with laparoscopic and robotic ASC with a focus on our patient evaluation, consent process, and our tips and tricks gained through experience. PMID:26448443

  11. Evaluation of conventional laparoscopic versus robot-assisted laparoscopic redo hiatal hernia and antireflux surgery: a cohort study.

    PubMed

    Tolboom, Robert C; Draaisma, Werner A; Broeders, Ivo A M J

    2016-03-01

    Surgery for refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia leads to recurrence or persisting dysphagia in a minority of patients. Redo antireflux surgery in GERD and hiatal hernia is known for higher morbidity and mortality. This study aims to evaluate conventional versus robot-assisted laparoscopic redo antireflux surgery, with the objective to detect possible advantages for the robot-assisted approach. A single institute cohort of 75 patients who underwent either conventional laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic redo surgery for recurrent GERD or severe dysphagia between 2008 and 2013 were included in the study. Baseline characteristics, symptoms, medical history, procedural data, hospital stay, complications and outcome were prospectively gathered. The main indications for redo surgery were dysphagia, pyrosis or a combination of both in combination with a proven anatomic abnormality. The mean time to redo surgery was 1.9 and 2.0 years after primary surgery for the conventional and robot-assisted groups, respectively. The number of conversions was lower in the robot-assisted group compared to conventional laparoscopy (1/45 vs. 5/30, p = 0.035) despite a higher proportion of patients with previous surgery by laparotomy (9/45 vs. 1/30, p = 0.038). Median hospital stay was reduced by 1 day (3 vs. 4, p = 0.042). There were no differences in mortality, complications or outcome. Robotic support, when available, can be regarded beneficial in redo surgery for GERD and hiatal hernia. Results of this observational study suggest technical feasibility for minimal-invasive robot-assisted redo surgery after open primary antireflux surgery, a reduced number of conversions and shorter hospital stay. PMID:26809755

  12. An Economic Analysis of Robotically Assisted Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Wright, Jason D.; Ananth, Cande V.; Tergas, Ana I.; Herzog, Thomas J.; Burke, William M.; Lewin, Sharyn N.; Lu, Yu-Shiang; Neugut, Alfred I.; Hershman, Dawn L.

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To perform an econometric analysis to examine the influence of procedure volume, variation in hospital accounting methodology, and use of various analytic methodologies on cost of robotically assisted hysterectomy for benign gynecologic disease and endometrial cancer. METHODS A national sample was used to identify women who underwent laparoscopic or robotically assisted hysterectomy for benign indications or endometrial cancer from 2006 to 2012. Surgeon and hospital volume were classified as the number of procedures performed before the index surgery. Total costs as well as fixed and variable costs were modeled using multivariable quantile regression methodology. RESULTS A total of 180,230 women, including 169,324 women who underwent minimally invasive hysterectomy for benign indications and 10,906 patients whose hysterectomy was performed for endometrial cancer, were identified. The unadjusted median cost of robotically assisted hysterectomy for benign indications was $8,152 (interquartile range [IQR] $6,01110,932) compared with $6,535 (IQR $5,1278,357) for laparoscopic hysterectomy (P<.001). The cost differential decreased with increasing surgeon and hospital volume. The unadjusted median cost of robotically assisted hysterectomy for endometrial cancer was $9,691 (IQR $7,59112,428) compared with $8,237 (IQR $6,40010,807) for laparoscopic hysterectomy (P<.001). The cost differential decreased with increasing hospital volume from $2,471 for the first 5 to 15 cases to $924 for more than 50 cases. Based on surgeon volume, robotically assisted hysterectomy for endometrial cancer was $1,761 more expensive than laparoscopy for those who had performed fewer than five cases; the differential declined to $688 for more than 50 procedures compared with laparoscopic hysterectomy. CONCLUSION The cost of robotic gynecologic surgery decreases with increased procedure volume. However, in all of the scenarios modeled, robotically assisted hysterectomy remained substantially more costly than laparoscopic hysterectomy. PMID:24785857

  13. Laparoendoscopic single-site versus conventional laparoscopic surgery for ovarian mature cystic teratoma

    PubMed Central

    Park, Jeong-Yeol; Kim, Dae-Yeon; Suh, Dae-Shik; Kim, Jong-Hyeok

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) versus conventional laparoscopic surgery in women with ovarian mature cystic teratoma. Methods A retrospective review of 303 women who underwent LESS (n=139) or conventional laparoscopic surgery (n=164) due to ovarian mature cystic teratoma was performed. Intra- and postoperative outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results There was no intergroup difference in age, body weight, height, body mass index, comorbidities, tumor size, bilaterality of tumor, or the type of surgery. However, more patients in the LESS group had a history of previous abdominal surgery (19.4% vs. 6.7%, P=0.001). Surgical outcomes including operating time (89 vs. 87.8 minutes, P=0.734), estimated blood loss (69.4 vs. 68.4 mL, P=0.842), transfusion requirement (2.2% vs. 0.6%, P=0.336), perioperative hemoglobin level change (1.3 vs. 1.2 g/dL, P=0.593), postoperative hospital stay (2.0 vs. 2.1 days, P=0.119), and complication rate (1.4% vs. 1.8%, P=0.999) did not differ between LESS and conventional groups. Postoperative pain scores measured using a visual analogue scale were significantly lower in the LESS group at 8 hours (P=0.021), 16 hours (P=0.034), and 32 hours (P=0.004) after surgery, and 32 of 139 patients (23%) in the LESS group and 78 of 164 patients (47.6%) in the conventional group required at least one additional analgesic (P<0.001). Conclusion LESS was feasible and showed comparable surgical outcomes with conventional laparoscopic surgery for women with ovarian mature cystic teratoma. LESS was associated with less postoperative pain and required less analgesia. PMID:26217600

  14. Single-Fulcrum Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Uncomplicated Gallbladder Diseases: A Retrospective Comparative Analysis with Conventional Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Ho Kyoung; Choi, Sung Hoon; Lee, Woo Jung

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Single-fulcrum laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SFLC) is a variant type of single incision and multi-port technique that does not use specialized one-port devices or articulating instruments. We retrospectively compared perioperative outcomes of SFLC with those of conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). Materials and Methods Between March 2009 and December 2010, SFLC was performed in 130 patients. Among them, 105 patients with uncomplicated gallbladder disease (no inflammation or no clinical symptoms) and another 105 patients who underwent CLC were selected for this study. Results There was no open conversion. In comparison with CLC, SFLC was performed more often in young (46.412.2 years vs. 52.513.6 years, p=0.001) female patients (80/25 vs. 62/43, p=0.008). The total operation time was longer in SFLC (56.714.1 min vs. 47.517.1 min, p<0.001), but pain scores immediately after operation and at discharge time were lower for SFLC than for CLC (3.11.3 vs. 4.01.9, p<0.001, 2.00.9 vs. 2.40.8, p=0.002). Total cost was lower for SFLC than for CLC (US $ 1801289.9 vs. US $ 2003617.4, p=0.004). There were no differences in hospital stay or complication rates. Conclusion SFLC showed greater technical feasibility and cost benefits in treating uncomplicated benign gallbladder disease than CLC. PMID:24142653

  15. Hysterectomy: a historical perspective.

    PubMed

    Sutton, C

    1997-03-01

    In the relatively long history of man, surgery has been a comparatively recent development; the abdomen was first deliberately opened to remove an ovarian cyst by Ephraim McDowell in Kentucky in 1809. The first abdominal hysterectomy was performed by Charles Clay in Manchester, England in 1843; unfortunately the diagnosis was wrong and the patient died in the immediate post-operative period. The following year, Charles Clay was almost the first to claim a surviving patient, however she died post-operatively and it was not until 1853 that Ellis Burnham from Lowell, Massachusetts achieved the first successful abdominal hysterectomy although again the diagnosis was wrong. Vaginal hysterectomy dates back to ancient times. The procedure was performed by Soranus of Ephesus 120 years after the birth of Christ, and the many reports of its use in the middle ages were nearly always for the extirpation of an inverted uterus and the patients rarely survived. The early hysterectomies were fraught with hazard and the patients usually died of haemorrhage, peritonitis, and exhaustion. Early procedures were performed without anaesthesia with a mortality of about 70%, mainly due to sepsis from leaving a long ligature to encourage the drainage of pus. Thomas Keith from Scotland realized the danger of this practice and merely cauterized the cervical stump and allowed it to fall internally, thereby bringing the mortality down to about 8%. Hysterectomy became safer with the introduction of anaesthesia, antibiotics and antisepsis, blood transfusions and intravenous therapy. During the 1930s, Richardson introduced the total abdominal hysterectomy to avoid serosanguineous discharge from the cervical remnant and the risk of cervical carcinoma developing in the stump. Apart from this innovation, and the transverse incision introduced by Johanns Pfannenstiel in the 1920s, there was little advance in hysterectomy techniques until the advent of endoscopic surgery and the performance of the first laparoscopic hysterectomy by Harry Reich in Kingston, Pennsylvania in 1988. The refinement and increasing safety of laparoscopic hysterectomy suggests that it will be used increasingly in the future, although developments in pharmacology and photodynamic therapy and interventional radiology may reduce the traditional indications for the operation. PMID:9155933

  16. Comparison of the ability of veterinary medical students to perform laparoscopic versus conventional open ovariectomy on live dogs.

    PubMed

    Levi, Ohad; Kass, Philip H; Lee, Lyon Y; Cantrell, Valerie M; Clark, David E; Griffon, Dominique J

    2015-12-01

    Objective-To compare the feasibility of training veterinary medicine students to perform laparoscopic versus conventional open ovariectomy in live dogs. Design-Randomized prospective parallel-group experiment. Population-25 students completing the second year of their veterinary curriculum. Procedures-Students were randomly assigned to 2 groups to receive 14 hours of specific training in either open ovariectomy (n = 13) or laparoscopic ovariectomy (12). Confidence, basic surgical skills, and basic laparoscopic skills were evaluated before and after training, prior to live surgical procedures. Results-Scores related to basic surgical skills were high in both groups and did not improve with either training program. Before live animal surgeries, student confidence and basic laparoscopic skills improved after training in laparoscopic ovariectomy and were higher than after training in open ovariectomy. Surgery time was higher for the students who received training in laparoscopic ovariectomy (129 minutes; range, 84 to 143 minutes), compared with students who received training in open ovariectomy (80 minutes; range, 62 to 117 minutes). On a 55-point scoring system, ovariectomy scores were similar between students who received training in open ovariectomy (34.5; range, 16.5 to 45) and students who received training in laparoscopic ovariectomy (34.5; range, 25 to 44.5). Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-The training programs were effective in improving student confidence and skills in laparoscopic ovariectomy. Results of this study suggested that veterinary medical students, with assistance from an instructor, may be taught to perform laparoscopic ovariectomies with performance equivalent to that for students performing open ovariectomies. PMID:26594811

  17. Single port laparoscopic orchidopexy in children using surgical glove port and conventional rigid instruments

    PubMed Central

    Mahdi, Ben Dhaou; Mohamed, Jallouli; Hayet, Zitouni; Riadh, Mhiri

    2015-01-01

    Purpose We review the literature and describe our technique for laparoendoscopic single-site orchidopexy using a glove port and rigid instruments. We assessed the feasibility and outcomes of this procedure. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed the case records of all children who had undergone laparoendoscopic single-site orchidopexy by use of a surgical glove port and conventional rigid instruments for a nonpalpable intraabdominal testis between January 2013 and September 2014. Results Data from a total of 20 patients were collected. The patients' mean age was 18 months. All cases had a nonpalpable unilateral undescended testis. Fourteen patients (70%) had an undescended testis on the right side and six patients (30%) had an undescended testis on the left side. Seventeen patients underwent primary orchidopexy. Three patients underwent single-port laparoscopic Fowler-Stephens orchidopexy for the first and the second stage. Average operating time was 57 minutes (range, 40 to 80 minutes). No patient was lost to follow-up. At follow-up, 2 testes were found to have retracted out of the scrotum and these were successfully dealt with in a second operation. One testis was hypoplastic in the scrotal pouch. There were no signs of umbilical hernia. Conclusions Single-port laparoscopic orchidopexy using a glove port and rigid instruments is technically feasible and safe for various nonpalpable intraabdominal testes. However, surgical experience and long-term follow-up are needed to confirm the superiority of this technique. PMID:26568797

  18. Single-site multiport combined splenectomy and cholecystectomy with conventional laparoscopic instruments: Case series and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Ozemir, Ibrahim Ali; Bayraktar, Baris; Bayraktar, Onur; Tosun, Salih; Bilgic, Cagri; Demiral, Gokhan; Ozturk, Erman; Yigitbasi, Rafet; Alimoglu, Orhan

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Conventional laparoscopic procedures have been used for splenic diseases and concomitant gallbladder stones, frequently in patients with hereditary spherocytosis since 1990’s. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of single-site surgery with conventional instruments in combined procedures. Presentation of case series Six consecutive patients who scheduled for combined cholecystectomy and splenectomy because of hereditary spherocytosis or autoimmune hemolytic anemia were included this study. Both procedures were performed via trans-umbilical single-site multiport approach using conventional instruments. All procedures completed successfully without conversion to open surgery or conventional laparoscopic surgery. An additional trocar was required for only one patient. The mean operation time was 190 min (150–275 min). The mean blood loss was 185 ml (70–300 ml). Median postoperative hospital stay was two days. No perioperative mortality or major complications occurred in our series. Recurrent anemia, hernia formation or wound infection was not observed during the follow-up period. Discussion Nowadays, publications are arising about laparoscopic or single site surgery for combined diseases. Surgery for combined diseases has some difficulties owing to the placement of organs and position of the patient during laparoscopic surgery. Single site laparoscopic surgery has been proposed to have better cosmetic outcome, less postoperative pain, greater patient satisfaction and faster recovery compared to standard laparoscopy. Conclusion We consider that single-site multiport laparoscopic approach for combined splenectomy and cholecystectomy is a safe and feasible technique, after gaining enough experience on single site surgery. PMID:26708949

  19. Changes in cerebral oxygen saturation and early postoperative cognitive function after laparoscopic gastrectomy: a comparison with conventional open surgery

    PubMed Central

    Jo, Youn Yi; Kim, Jong Yeop; Lee, Mi Geum; Lee, Seul Gi

    2016-01-01

    Background Laparoscopic gastrectomy requires a reverse-Trendelenburg position and prolonged pneumoperitoneum and it could cause significant changes in cerebral homeostasis and lead to cognitive dysfunction. We compared changes in regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2), early postoperative cognitive function and hemodynamic variables in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy with those patients that underwent conventional open gastrectomy. Methods Sixty patients were enrolled in this study and the patients were distributed to receive either laparoscopic gastrectomy (laparoscopy group, n = 30) or open conventional gastrectomy (open group, n = 30). rSO2, end-tidal carbon dioxide tension, hemodynamic variables and arterial blood gas analysis were monitored during the operation. The enrolled patients underwent the mini-mental state examination 1 day before and 5 days after surgery for evaluation of early postoperative cognitive function. Results Compared to baseline value, rSO2 and end-tidal carbon dioxide tension increased significantly in the laparoscopy group after pneumoperitoneum, whereas no change was observed in the open group. No patient experienced cerebral oxygen desaturation or postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Changes in mean arterial pressure over time were significantly different between the groups (P < 0.001). Conclusions Both laparoscopic and open gastrectomy did not induce cerebral desaturation or early postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients under desflurane anesthesia. However, rSO2 values during surgery favoured laparoscopic surgery, which was possibly related to increased cerebral blood flow due to increased carbon dioxide tension and the effect of a reverse Trendelenburg position. PMID:26885301

  20. Transumbilical SILC Using Conventional Laparoscopic Instruments-Initial Experience in a Resource-Limited Setting.

    PubMed

    Wani, Mumtaz; Shahdhar, Muddassir; Sheikh, Umar

    2015-12-01

    In the era of minimal access, single-incision laparoscopic surgery is gaining popularity. Expensive ports, disposable hand instruments and flexible endoscopes have been utilised, but they increase the cost of operation. We report our initial experience of two-trocar single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) in 70 patients using conventional instruments that can be adapted as a novel technique in achieving minimal trauma and aesthetic results in resource-limited hospitals. Between September 2011 and September 2012, 70 consecutive patients underwent an attempted SILC in a single centre. The mean age of the patients was 42years (range 18-65years). There were 12 males and 58 females with a male-to-female ratio of 1:4.8. Transumbilical incision was used to access the abdomen, and two 10-mm ports/trocars were placed through the single incision side by side, maintaining a facial bridge of 5-8mm in between. Gall bladder was manipulated through two strategically placed traction sutures to expose the Callot's triangle. Mean operation time in our series was 42.12min (range 22-90min). There was no need of additional sutures. Bleeding was minimal in nearly all cases. The mean hospital stay was 1.06days (range 1-4days). The post-operative analgesic requirement was one dose in 60.4% patients. Additional port was required in two of our patients. Two patients needed conversion to open surgery. There was no major complication or mortality in our series. This technique of two-trocar SILC using conventional instruments can be adapted as a less invasive surgical procedure in resource-limited hospitals in selected group of patients. Cosmetic result, reduced pain, short hospital stay and the degree of satisfaction appear to be significant with this technique. PMID:26730076

  1. Prospective randomized comparison of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy with new facilitating maneuver vs. conventional four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Aktimur, Recep; Güzel, Kerim; Çetinkünar, Süleyman; Yıldırım, Kadir; Çolak, Elif

    2016-01-01

    Objective: We aimed to investigate the technical feasibility of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) with our new facilitative maneuver and to compare it with the gold standard four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Material and Methods: Operation time, cosmetic score and incisional hernia rates between LC (n=20) and SILC-1 (first 20 consecutive operations with the new technique) and 2 (subsequent 20 operations with the new technique) were compared. Results: The median operation time for LC, SILC-1 and SILC-2 were; 35 min (12–75), 47.5 min (30–70), and 30 min (12–80), respectively (p=0.005). The operation duration was similar in LC and SILC-2 (p=0.277) groups. Wound seroma rate was higher in SILC-1 (45%) and SILC-2 (30%) groups than LC (5%) group (p=0.010). Cosmetic score was similar between all the groups. Hernia rates were 15.8% and 5.3% in the SILC-1 and SILC-2 groups, respectively, while there was no hernia in the LC group. Conclusion: SILC with new facilitating maneuver is comparable with classical four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy in terms of ease, operation time, reproducibility and safety. Besides these advantages, the single-incision access technique must be optimized to provide comparable wound complication and postoperative hernia rates before being recommended to patients. PMID:26985165

  2. An Unusual Presentation of Vallecular Cyst with near Fatal Respiratory Distress and Management Using Conventional Laparoscopic Instruments

    PubMed Central

    Parelkar, Sandesh V.; Patel, Jiwan L.; Sanghvi, Beejal V.; Joshi, Prashant B.; Sahoo, Subrat K.; Sampat, Nandita; Oak, Sanjay N.; Sathe, Nilam

    2012-01-01

    Vallecular cyst is a rare cause of upper airway obstruction in infants and children and presentation like acute stridor with near fatal respiratory distress is extremely rare. It is one of the rare causes of difficult intubation, during which cyst aspiration can improve the access. Vallecular cyst is commonly managed using microlaryngoscope and specialized instruments. We hereby report a method of endoscopic management of these cysts using conventional laparoscopic instruments. PMID:23741591

  3. Conventional single-port laparoscopic appendectomy for complicated appendicitis in children: Efficient and cost-effective

    PubMed Central

    Karaku?, Osman Zeki; Ulusoy, Oktay; Ate?, O?uz; Hakgder, Glce; Olguner, Mustafa; Akgr, Feza Mira

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is gradually gaining popularity among paediatric surgeons for complicated appendicitis. A retrospective study was conducted to compare conventional single port LA, multiport LA and open appendectomy (OA) for complicated appendicitis in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 1995 from December 2014, 1,408 patients (604 girls, 804 boys) underwent surgery for uncomplicated and complicated appendicitis. The patient characteristics, operation times, duration of hospitalization, operative costs, and postoperative complications were recorded. A 10-mm 0 scope with a parallel eye piece and an integrated 6 mm working channel were inserted through an 11-mm conventional umbilical port for single port LA. RESULTS: A total of 314 patients with complicated appendicitis (128 girls, 186 boys) underwent appendectomy. Among these, 102 patients (32.4%) underwent single port LA, 17 patients (5.4%) underwent multiport LA and 195 patients (62.1%) underwent OA. The hospital stay of the single port LA group was significantly less (3.88 1.1) compared with multiport LA (5.41 1.2) and OA groups (6.14 1.1) (P < 0.001). Drain usage, wound infection and adhesive intestinal obstruction rates were significantly high in the OA group. There was no significant difference between the groups in postoperative intraabdominal abscess formation. Single-port LA performed for complicated appendicitis was cheaper compared with the other groups. CONCLUSIONS: The present study has shown that single-port LA for complicated appendicitis can be conducted in a reasonable operative time; it shortens the hospitalization period, markedly reduces postoperative wound infection and adhesive intestinal obstruction rates and does not increase the operative cost. PMID:26917914

  4. Cosmesis and body image after single-port laparoscopic or conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a multicenter double blinded randomised controlled trial (SPOCC-trial)

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Emerging attempts have been made to reduce operative trauma and improve cosmetic results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is a trend towards minimizing the number of incisions such as natural transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC). Many retrospective case series propose excellent cosmesis and reduced pain in SPLC. As the latter has been confirmed in a randomized controlled trial, patient's satisfaction on cosmesis is still controversially debated. Methods/Design The SPOCC trial is a prospective, multi-center, double blinded, randomized controlled study comparing SPLC with 4-port conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4PLC) in elective surgery. The hypothesis and primary objective is that patients undergoing SPLC will have a better outcome in cosmesis and body image 12 weeks after surgery. This primary endpoint is assessed using a validated 8-item multiple choice type questionnaire on cosmesis and body image. The secondary endpoint has three entities: the quality of life 12 weeks after surgery assessed by the validated Short-Form-36 Health Survey questionnaire, postoperative pain assessed by a visual analogue scale and the use of analgesics. Operative time, surgeon's experience with SPLC and 4PLC, use of additional ports, conversion to 4PLC or open cholecystectomy, length of stay, costs, time of work as well as intra- and postoperative complications are further aspects of the secondary endpoint. Patients are randomly assigned either to SPLC or to 4PLC. Patients as well as treating physicians, nurses and assessors are blinded until the 7th postoperative day. Sample size calculation performed by estimating a difference of cosmesis of 20% (alpha = 0.05 and beta = 0.90, drop out rate of 10%) resulted in a number of 55 randomized patients per arm. Discussion The SPOCC-trial is a prospective, multi-center, double-blind, randomized controlled study to assess cosmesis and body image after SPLC. Trial registration (clinicaltrial.gov): NCT 01278472 PMID:21910897

  5. Comparison of efficacy and safety of conventional laparoscopic radical prostatectomy by the transperitoneal versus extraperitoneal procedure

    PubMed Central

    De Hong, Cao; Liang Ren, Liu; Qiang, Wei; Jia, Wang; Ying Chun, Hu; Lu, Yang; Zheng Hua, Liu; Heng Ping, Li; Shi Bing, Yan; Yun Xiang, Li

    2015-01-01

    Worldwide, prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common malignancy in males. We undertook a meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of conventional laparoscopic radical prostatectomy with a transperitoneal (TLRP) approach, versus that of an extraperitoneal (ELRP) approach, for treatment of localized PCa. A comprehensive literature search retrieved 14 publications, with a total of 1715 patients. Meta-analysis of these studies showed that an ELRP approach was associated with a significantly shorter postoperative catheterization time (MD: 1.99; 95% CI: 0.52 to 3.54; P?=?0.008), less blood transfusion rate (OR: 2.05; 95% CI: 1.03 to 4.06; P?=?0.04), shorter intestinal function recovery time (MD: 0.08; 95% CI: 0.52 to 1.09; P?

  6. Robotic versus conventional laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Seon Heui; Lim, Sungwon; Kim, Jin Hee

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Robotic surgery (RS) overcomes the limitations of previous conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). Although meta-analyses have been published recently, our study evaluated the latest comparative surgical, urologic, and sexual results for rectal cancer and compares RS with CLS in patients with rectal cancer only. Methods We searched three foreign databases (Ovid-MEDLINE, Ovid-Embase, and Cochrane Library) and five Korean databases (KoreaMed, KMbase, KISS, RISS, and KisTi) during July 2013. The Cochrane Risk of Bias and the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized were utilized to evaluate quality of study. Dichotomous variables were pooled using the risk ratio (RR), and continuous variables were pooled using the mean difference (MD). All meta-analyses were conducted with Review Manager, V. 5.3. Results Seventeen studies involving 2,224 patients were included. RS was associated with a lower rate of intraoperative conversion than that of CLS (RR, 0.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.15-0.54). Time to first flatus was short (MD, -0.13; 95% CI, -0.25 to -0.01). Operating time was longer for RS than that for CLS (MD, 49.97; 95% CI, 20.43-79.52, I2 = 97%). International Prostate Symptom Score scores at 3 months better RS than CLS (MD, -2.90; 95% CI, -5.31 to -0.48, I2 = 0%). International Index of Erectile Function scores showed better improvement at 3 months (MD, -2.82; 95% CI, -4.78 to -0.87, I2 = 37%) and 6 months (MD, -2.15; 95% CI, -4.08 to -0.22, I2 = 0%). Conclusion RS appears to be an effective alternative to CLS with a lower conversion rate to open surgery, a shorter time to first flatus and better recovery in voiding and sexual function. RS could enhance postoperative recovery in patients with rectal cancer. PMID:26448918

  7. Transvaginal cholecystectomy vs conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder disease: A meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Bin; Xu, Bo; Zheng, Wen-Yan; Ge, Hai-Yan; Wang, Li-Wei; Song, Zhen-Sun; He, Bin

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To compare the results of transvaginal cholecystectomy (TVC) and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC) for gallbladder disease. METHODS: We performed a literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, MetaRegister of Controlled Trials, Chinese Medical Journal database and Wanfang Data for trials comparing outcomes between TVC and CLC. Data were extracted by two authors. Mean difference (MD), standardized mean difference (SMD), odds ratios and risk rate with 95%CIs were calculated using fixed- or random-effects models. Statistical heterogeneity was evaluated with the χ2 test. The fixed-effects model was used in the absence of statistically significant heterogeneity. The random-effects model was chosen when heterogeneity was found. RESULTS: There were 730 patients in nine controlled clinical trials. No significant difference was found regarding demographic characteristics (P > 0.5), including anesthetic risk score, age, body mass index, and abdominal surgical history between the TVC and CLC groups. Both groups had similar mortality, morbidity, and return to work after surgery. Patients in the TVC group had a lower pain score on postoperative day 1 (SMD: -0.957, 95%CI: -1.488 to -0.426, P < 0.001), needed less postoperative analgesic medication (SMD: -0.574, 95%CI: -0.807 to -0.341, P < 0.001) and stayed for a shorter time in hospital (MD: -1.004 d, 95%CI: -1.779 to 0.228, P = 0.011), but had longer operative time (MD: 17.307 min, 95%CI: 6.789 to 27.826, P = 0.001). TVC had no significant influence on postoperative sexual function and quality of life. Better cosmetic results and satisfaction were achieved in the TVC group. CONCLUSION: TVC is safe and effective for gallbladder disease. However, vaginal injury might occur, and further trials are needed to compare TVC with CLC. PMID:25954114

  8. Surgical approach to hysterectomy: introducing the concept of technicity.

    PubMed

    Laberge, Philippe Y; Singh, Sukhbir S

    2009-11-01

    Despite national guidelines recommending that most hysterectomies should be performed vaginally or with laparoscopic assistance, the majority are still performed by laparotomy. Advocating for minimally invasive hysterectomy requires a strategy outlining the benefits and risks of the various approaches. We propose the use of "technicity," an index that has been used in France to compare the performance of hospitals across the country. Technicity is defined by the number of hysterectomies performed vaginally and laparoscopically divided by the total number of hysterectomies performed annually in a single department. We have developed a scoring system to demonstrate the advantages of less invasive surgical approaches, thereby supporting the concept of technicity and its relevance to practice. Using technicity, gynaecologists throughout Canada can monitor their shift towards minimally invasive procedures for hysterectomy, for the benefit of patients and society. PMID:20175344

  9. Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy.

    PubMed

    Filipi, C J; Fitzgibbons, R J; Salerno, G M; Hart, R O

    1992-10-01

    Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair could represent an attractive alternative to conventional inguinal herniorrhaphy if it can be shown to result in less perioperative morbidity (primarily postoperative pain) or a decreased long-term recurrence rate. The data addressing either of these concerns will be forthcoming in ensuing years. The variations in the laparoscopic approach to the preperitoneal space and the differences in dissection and fixation techniques outlined in this article reflect the fact that the procedure is still evolving, and there is not yet a consensus on the best laparoscopic herniorrhaphy. It is likely that there will not be one laparoscopic technique applicable to all inguinal hernias. Rather, the patient's body habitus and the type of hernia encountered at laparoscopy will persuade the surgeon to use one of several techniques. Once a consensus is reached among surgeons as to the optimal laparoscopic hernia repair(s), it will be possible to begin gathering data concerning perioperative morbidity and recurrence rates. Only then can the question be answered whether laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy has any advantages over the conventional extraperitoneal operation. A multicenter prospective nonrandomized trial has been initiated by our group in an attempt to determine whether laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy has efficacy. The exact technique employed by the individual centers has not been strictly regulated, but general guidelines have been given. It is hoped that this project will provide information on whether laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy is a useful alternative to conventional repair. Most of the laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy techniques described in this article expose the patients to the inherent risks of initial laparoscopic penetration of the abdomen and the long-term possibility of adhesions to the sites where the peritoneum has been breached. Because these risks are not present in a conventional repair, the laparoscopic technique must have other advantages if it truly is to obtain a place in the armamentarium of general surgeons. PMID:1388300

  10. Fast track surgery vs. conventional management in the perioperative care of retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Chaopeng; Xu, Zhenyu; Yi, Xiaoming; Li, Ping; He, Haowei; Zhang, Zhengyu; Shen, Tianyi; Liu, Xiang; Zhou, Yulin; Zhou, Wenquan

    2015-01-01

    Objective: It has been demonstrated that fast track (FT) surgery can accelerate the recovery of the patients in limited urologic procedures, but there are no reports regarding FT surgery within retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy (RLA). This study aims at evaluating the impact of FT surgery on recovery after RLA. Methods: One hundred patients in our centre are randomly assigned to FT group and conventional group. The patients who have undergone RLA receive either conventional care or an FT recovery program. Surgical outcome, complications, gastrointestinal function, visual analogue scale (VAS) general state and VAS pain scores are compared between the two groups. In addition, white blood cell count, serum interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein levels are measured. Patients are discharged home when they meet discharge criteria. Results: Compared with the conventional group, the time of first flatus (18.97±8.45 vs. 37.66±17.17 h), initiation of normal diet (18.76±4.94 vs. 53.15±15.99 h), the time of first ambulation (19.64±6.23 vs. 51.89±18.19 h), length of post-operation hospital stay (2.35±0.87 vs. 5.23±1.62 d), duration of drainage (18.19±5.19 vs. 68.10±18.06 h) and catheter (17.19±4.49 vs. 60.83±25.53 h) are markedly shorter in FT group (P<0.01). Post-operative coughing pain scores at 2 h (1.00±0.61 vs. 1.42±1.18), 12 h (0.96±0.78 vs. 2.00±1.40), 24 h (1.10±0.97 vs. 4.22±1.53) and resting pain scores at 12 h (0.64±0.56 vs. 1.44±0.91), 24 h (0.66±0.63 vs. 1.22±0.86) are consistently lower in the FT group. The level of CRP, IL-6 at 2 h and 24 h post-operation are lower than that of control group, and white blood cell count is lower than conventional group at 24 h after surgery (P<0.01). FT patients have a overall higher level of post-operative VAS general state than conventional groups (P<0.01). Age, sex, tumor size and side, BMI, ASA score, operation time, blood loss and complications are similar in both groups. Conclusions: FT surgery within RLA shortens the length of post-operative hospital stay without increasing the postoperative complication, lowers patients’ VAS pain scores, and reduces inflammatory response intensity and improves the general state. Therefore, FT can be applied feasibly and safely in RLA. PMID:26629135

  11. Oncologic Safety of Laparoscopic Wedge Resection with Gastrotomy for Gastric Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor: Comparison with Conventional Laparoscopic Wedge Resection

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sejin; Kim, You Na; Kim, Hyoung-Il; Cheong, Jae-Ho; Hyung, Woo Jin; Noh, Sung Hoon

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Various laparoscopic wedge resection (LWR) techniques requiring gastrotomy for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) of the stomach have been applied to facilitate tumor resection and preserve the remnant gastric volume. However, there is the possibility of cancer cell dissemination during these procedures. The aim of this study was to assess the oncologic safety of LWR with gastrotomy (LWR-G) compared to LWR without luminal exposure. Materials and Methods Clinicopathologic and operative results of 193 patients who underwent LWR for gastric GIST were retrospectively analyzed from 2003 to 2013. We stratified the patients into two groups: LWR-G and LWR without gastrotomy (LWR-C). Clinicopathologic features, short-term outcomes, and long-term outcomes were compared. Results A total of 26 patients underwent LWR-G, and 167 patients underwent LWR-C. The LWR-G group showed significantly more anterior wall-located (n=10, 38.5%), intraluminal (n=20, 76.9%), and ulcerative (n=13, 50.0%) tumors than the LWR-C group (n=33, 19.8%; n=96, 57.5%; n=46, 27.5%, respectively). Postoperative short-term outcomes did not differ between the two groups. When tumor staging was compared, no statistical difference was noted. There was no recurrence in the LWR-G group, while 2 patients in the LWR-C group experienced recurrence. The two recurrences in the LWR-C group were found in the liver and in the remnant stomach at 63 and 12 months after the operation, respectively. No gastric GIST-related death was recorded in any group during the study period. Conclusions LWR-G for gastric GIST is an oncologically safe procedure even for masses with ulcerations. PMID:26819802

  12. Minimally Invasive Hysterectomy: An Analysis of Different Techniques.

    PubMed

    Ridgeway, Beri M; Buechel, Megan; Nutter, Benjamin; Falcone, Tommaso

    2015-12-01

    To compare conventional minimally invasive (MIS) approaches and newer technology approaches in women undergoing hysterectomy for benign disease. PubMed was searched for all pertinent randomized-controlled trials (RCTs). Selected outcomes were compared using standard meta-analysis methods. Three RCTs compared conventional MIS to robotic-assisted hysterectomy and 5 RCTs compared conventional laparoscopy to single-incision hysterectomy. There were no significant differences in outcomes. A subanalysis comparing conventional to robotic-assisted laparoscopy found an association between conventional laparoscopy and shorter operative time. Newer technology approaches do not confer an advantage over conventional MIS approaches in women undergoing hysterectomy for benign disease. PMID:26457851

  13. Conventional box model training improves laparoscopic skills during salpingectomy on LapSim: a randomized trial

    PubMed Central

    Akdemir, Ali; Ergenoğlu, Ahmet Mete; Yeniel, Ahmet Özgür; Şendağ, Fatih

    2013-01-01

    Objective Box model trainers have been used for many years to facilitate the improvement of laparoscopic skills. However, there are limited data available on box trainers and their impact on skill acquisition, assessed by virtual reality systems. Material and Methods Twenty-two Postgraduate Year 1 gynecology residents with no laparoscopic experience were randomly divided into one group that received structured box model training and a control group. All residents performed a salpingectomy on LapSim before and after the training. Performances before and after the training were assessed using LapSim and were recorded using objective parameters, registered by a computer system (time, damage, and economy of motion scores). Results There were initially no differences between the two groups. The box trainer group showed significantly greater improvement in time (p=0.01) and economy of motion scores (p=0.001) compared with the control group post-training. Conclusion The present study confirmed the positive effect of low cost box model training on laparoscopic skill acquisition as assessed using LapSim. Novice surgeons should obtain practice on box trainers and teaching centers should make efforts to establish training laboratories. PMID:24592096

  14. Minilaparotomy Hysterectomy as a Suitable Choice of Hysterectomy for Large Myoma Uteri: Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Sato, Kenichiro; Fukushima, Yasuyoshi

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to propose minilaparotomy hysterectomy as the suitable choice for large uterus on the basis of our experienced case of performed minilaparotomy hysterectomy to 4,500 g myoma uteri and review published cases about this clinical condition. We presented a 44-year-old woman (gravida 0, virgin) who consulted our hospital because of the chief complaints of abnormal genital bleeding and hypermenorrhea. Transabdominal ultrasonography revealed that abdominal solid tumor reached over the navel. Her tumor was an indication of surgery; to do minilaparotomy hysterectomy with laparoscope was decided because her informed consent was obtained. A 6 cm transverse incision (Maylard incision) was made to the skin above the pubic hairline. At the end of surgery, the length of abdominal wound was 8.5 cm, operating time was 128 min, weight of resected myoma uteri was 4,500 g, and intraoperative blood loss was 895 mL. Blood transfusion was not done; postsurgical course was not a problem without anemia. We propose that a large uterine case in which it is difficult to perform vaginal or laparoscopic hysterectomy should be considered in order to select minilaparotomy hysterectomy up to around 5 kg weight of uterus, and the length of skin incision in minilaparotomy hysterectomy is necessarily <9 cm particularly in large uterus. PMID:26925276

  15. Totally laparoscopic versus conventional ileoanal pouch procedure design of a single-centre, expertise based randomised controlled trial to compare the laparoscopic and conventional surgical approach in patients undergoing primary elective restorative proctocolectomy- LapConPouch-Trial

    PubMed Central

    Antolovic, Dalibor; Kienle, Peter; Knaebel, Hanns-Peter; Schmidt, Jan; Gutt, Carsten N; Weitz, Jrgen; Koch, Moritz; Bchler, Markus W; Seiler, Christoph M

    2006-01-01

    Background Restorative proctocolectomy is increasingly being performed minimal invasively but a totally laparoscopic technique has not yet been compared to the standard open technique in a randomized study. Methods/design This is a two armed, single centre, expertise based, preoperatively randomized, patient blinded study. It is designed as a two-group parallel superiority study. Power calculation revealed 80 patients per group in order to recruit the 65 patients to be analysed for the primary endpoint. The primary objective is to investigate intra-operative blood loss and the need for blood transfusions. We hypothesise that intra-operative blood loss and the need for peri-operative blood transfusions are significantly higher in the conventional group. Additionally a set of surgical and non-surgical parameters related to the operation will be analysed as secondary objectives. These will include operative time, complications, postoperative pain, lung function, postoperative length of hospital stay, a cosmetic score and pre-and postoperative quality of life. Discussion The trial will answer the question whether there is indeed an advantage in the laparoscopic group in regard to blood loss and the need for blood transfusions. Moreover, it will generate data on the safety and potential advantages and disadvantages of the minimally invasive approach. PMID:17125500

  16. Hysterectomy charges: geographic variations United States, 1994.

    PubMed

    Mushinski, M

    1996-01-01

    During 1994 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company claims by group health insureds and their dependents for a vaginal hysterectomy averaged $10,500, for an abdominal hysterectomy (laparotomy), $12,440, and for a laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), $13,840. The distributions of the three surgeries varied by geographic area and state. The East South Central states had the lowest average total charge for each procedure whereas the highest charge for a laparotomy was reported in the Middle Atlantic states; the highest vaginal hysterectomy charge was in the Pacific area, and LAVH average total charge was the highest in New England. Of the three surgeries, the vaginal hysterectomy charges varied the most by state-the average charge in Florida was almost twice that in Oklahoma. Laparotomy charges differed by 59 percent between California and Tennessee, where they were 30 percent above and 19 percent below the U.S. norm, respectively. The total charge for the LAVHs varied by 42 percent and was the highest in California and lowest in North Carolina. Three study states, California, Florida and Illinois, were among the four states with the highest average total charges for each form of hysterectomy. Physicians' fees accounted for 41 percent of vaginal hysterectomy charges, 37 percent of the laparotomy total charges, and 34 percent of the LAVH charges. Of the laparotomies, the physicians' fees differed by 132 percent between the highest in New York and the lowest in Tennessee. For the country as a whole, the average length of stay was 2.17 days for the LAVHs, 2.54 days for a vaginal hysterectomy and 3.43 days for an abdominal hysterectomy. PMID:8744890

  17. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy after hysterectomy: Comparison with conventional treatment and sensitivity of the normal-tissue-sparing effect to margin size

    SciTech Connect

    Ahamad, Anesa; D'Souza, Warren; Salehpour, Mohammad; Iyer, Revathy; Tucker, Susan L.; Jhingran, Anuja; Eifel, Patricia J. . E-mail: peifel@mdanderson.org

    2005-07-15

    Purpose: To determine the influence of target-volume expansion on the reduction in small-bowel dose achieved with use of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) vs. standard conformal treatment of the pelvis after hysterectomy, and to investigate the influence of patient body habitus on the normal-tissue sparing achieved with use of IMRT. Methods and Materials: A clinical target volume (CTV) was contoured on each of 10 planning computed tomography scans of patients who had been treated for cervical or endometrial cancer after a hysterectomy. Treatment planning was based on vaginal CTVs and regional nodal CTVs. To account for internal motion, margins were added to form an initial planning target volume (PTVA) as follows: 0.0 mm were added to the regional nodal CTV; 10 mm were added anteriorly to the vaginal CTV; and 5 mm were added to the vaginal CTV in all other directions. Two further PTVs (PTVB and PTVC) were produced by a 5-mm expansion of PTVA to give PTVB and a further 5-mm expansion to give PTVC. Treatment plans for all 3 PTVs were produced by use of 2 conformal fields (2FC), 4 conformal fields (4FC), or IMRT to deliver 45 Gy to more than 97% of the PTV. The primary goal of IMRT was to spare small bowel. The change in sparing that accompanied the increase in margin size was assessed by comparison of dose-volume histograms that resulted from PTVA, PTVB, and PTVC. Measured patient dimensions were correlated with bowel sparing. Results: Significantly less small bowel was irradiated by IMRT than by 2FC (p < 0.0001) or 4FC (p < 0.0001) for doses greater than 25 Gy. Significantly less rectum was irradiated by IMRT than by 2FC (p < 0.0001) or 4FC (p < 0.0001). Significantly less bladder was irradiated by IMRT than by 2FC (p < 0.0001). However, the magnitude of the sparing achieved by use of IMRT decreased as margins increased. In particular, the volume of small bowel spared by IMRT vs. 2FC or 4FC decreased as margin size increased (p = 0.0002 and p = 0.008 for 2FC and 4FC, respectively). The amount of normal-tissue sparing achieved by use of IMRT vs. 4FC was inversely correlated with patient body mass index. Conclusion: Because the small-bowel sparing achieved with use of IMRT is markedly reduced by relatively small expansions of the target volume, accurate target delineation, highly reproducible patient immobilization, and a clear understanding of internal-organ motion are needed to achieve optimal advantage in the use of IMRT over conventional methods of posthysterectomy pelvic radiation therapy.

  18. Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence in Robotic-Assisted Total Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Kashani, Shabnam; Gallo, Taryn; Sargent, Anita; ElSahwi, Karim; Silasi, Dan-Arin

    2012-01-01

    Study Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the cumulative incidence of vaginal cuff dehiscence in robotic-assisted total hysterectomies in our patients and to provide recommendations to decrease the incidence of vaginal cuff dehiscence. Methods: This was an observational case series, Canadian Task Force Classification II-3 conducted at an academic and community teaching hospital. A total of 654 patients underwent robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy for both malignant and benign reasons from September 1, 2006 to March 1, 2011 performed by a single surgeon. The da Vinci Surgical System was used for robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy. Results: There were 3 cases of vaginal cuff dehiscence among 654 robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomies, making our cumulative incidence of vaginal cuff dehiscence 0.4%. The mean time between the procedures and vaginal cuff dehiscence was 44.3 d (6.3 wk). All patients were followed up twice after surgery, at 3 to 4 wk and 12 to 16 wk. Conclusion: In our study, the incidence of vaginal cuff dehiscence after robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy compares favorably to that of total abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy. Our study suggests that the incidence of vaginal cuff dehiscence is more likely related to the technique of colpotomy and vaginal cuff suturing than to robotic-assisted total hysterectomy per se. With proper technique and patient education, our vaginal dehiscence rate has been 0.4%, which is 2.5 to 10 times less than the previously reported vaginal cuff dehiscence rate in the literature. PMID:23484559

  19. The INCH-Trial: a multicentre randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of conventional open surgery and laparoscopic surgery for incisional hernia repair

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Annually approximately 100.000 patients undergo a laparotomy in the Netherlands. About 15,000 of these patients will develop an incisional hernia. Both open and laparoscopic surgical repair have been proven to be safe. However, the most effective treatment of incisional hernias remains unclear. This study, the INCH-trial, comparing cost-effectiveness of open and laparoscopic incisional hernia repair, is therefore needed. Methods/Design A randomized multi-center clinical trial comparing cost-effectiveness of open and laparoscopic repair of incisional hernias. Patients with a symptomatic incisional hernia, eligible for laparoscopic and open incisional hernia repair. Only surgeons, experienced in both open and laparoscopic incisional hernia repair, will participate in the INCH trial. During incisional hernia repair, a mesh is placed under or on top of the fascia, with a minimal overlap of 5cm. Primary endpoint is length of hospital stay after an incisional hernia repair. Secondary endpoints are time to full recovery within three months after index surgery, post-operative complications, recurrences, mortality and quality of life. Our hypothesis is that laparoscopic incisional hernia repair comes with a significant shorter hospital stay compared to open incisional hernia repair. A difference of two days is considered significant. One-hunderd-and-thirty-five patients are enrolled in each treatment arm. The economic evaluation will be performed from a societal perspective. Primary outcomes are costs per patient related to time-to-recovery and quality of life. The main goal of the trial is to establish whether laparoscopic incisional hernia repair is superior to conventional open incisional hernia repair in terms of cost-effectiveness. This is measured through length of hospital stay and quality of life. Secondary endpoints are re-operation rate due to post-operative complications or recurrences, mortality and quality of life. Discussion The difference in time to full recovery between the two treatment strategies is thought to be in favor of laparoscopic incisional hernia repair. Laparoscopic incisional hernia repair is therefore expected to be a more cost-effective approach. Trial registration Netherlands Trial register: NTR2808 PMID:24499061

  20. Hysterectomy - series (image)

    MedlinePLUS

    The uterus is joined at the cervix to the vagina and by the fallopian or uterine tubes to the ... A hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus, resulting in the ... or the vagina. Hysterectomy may be recommended for: severe, ...

  1. AB121. Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery versus conventional laparoscopic varicocele ligation for varicocele: a meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Mo, Chengqiang; Liu, Jinchao; Tan, Wulin; Yu, Zhou; Chen, Xu; Mao, Xiaopeng; Qiu, Shaopeng

    2014-01-01

    Objective To compare perioperative and postoperative outcomes of laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery and conventional transperitoneal laparoscopic varicocele ligation (CTL-VL) for varicocele. Material and methods PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Library, Chinese biomedicine and China Knowledge Resource Integrated (CNKI) databases were searched for studies released prior to February 2014. References of included studies were also searched to identify additional, potentially relevant studies. We analyzed the data using RevMan 5.1. Results Ten randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and seven non-randomized controlled trials (NRCTs) were included, involving 1,183 patients. LESS group showed longer operative time but shorter hospital stay, shorter time to return to normal activity and lower total postoperative complications incidence. No significant difference was found in terms of blood loss, VAS pain score, pregnancy and improvement of semen parameters. Patients’ satisfaction was significantly better in LESS group. Sensitivity analysis showed similar results to the original analysis, and no evidence of publication bias was showed. Conclusions LESS showed comparable outcomes to that of CTL-VL, but it takes shorter to recover, has fewer postoperative complications and shows advantages in patients’ satisfaction potentially for cosmesis and less pain. More high-quality, multicenter and long-term RCTs are required to verify the findings.

  2. Comparison of laparoscopic versus conventional open cryptorchidectomies on intraoperative and postoperative complications and duration of surgery, anesthesia, and hospital stay in horses.

    PubMed

    Cribb, Nicola C; Koenig, Judith; Sorge, Ulrike

    2015-04-15

    Objective-To compare surgical preparation time, surgery and anesthesia times, hospitalization duration, and intra- and postoperative complications between laparoscopic and conventional open cryptorchidectomy in horses. Design-Retrospective cohort study. Animals-60 horses that underwent cryptorchidectomy. Procedures-Medical records were reviewed to identify horses that had undergone cryptorchidectomy from 1991 to 2012. Thirty horses that underwent laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy (case horses) were matched with 30 control horses that had undergone open cryptorchidectomy (ie, inguinal and parainguinal surgical approaches). Horses were matched according to history of previous surgery, testicle location, and type of closure following removal of an undescended unilateral testicle. Duration of surgery, surgical preparation and anesthesia times, hospitalization duration, and number of intra- and postoperative complications were compared between horses that underwent laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy versus open cryptorchidectomy. Comparisons were also made between horses in terms of whether there was a history of previous failed cryptorchidectomy or unknown location of testicle prior to surgery. Results-Horses that underwent laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy had significantly longer surgery and anesthesia times overall, compared with horses that underwent open cryptorchidectomy. No difference in surgery time was found between case and control horses that had a previous surgical attempt to remove an undescended testicle or in which the testicle location was unknown prior to surgery. Overall, horses undergoing laparoscopy had a nonsignificant increase in intraoperative complications, compared with control horses, and had significantly more postoperative complications. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Horses undergoing laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy had increased surgical preparation time, increased surgery and anesthesia times, and more postoperative complications, compared with horses undergoing open cryptorchictomy. Laparoscopy may be advantageous for a second attempt at cryptorchidectomy or if the testicle location is unknown prior to surgery. PMID:25835173

  3. Implementation of a Robotic Surgical Program in Gynaecological Oncology and Comparison with Prior Laparoscopic Series

    PubMed Central

    Povolotskaya, Natalia; Woolas, Robert; Brinkmann, Dirk

    2015-01-01

    Background. Robotic surgery in gynaecological oncology is a rapidly developing field as it offers several technical advantages over conventional laparoscopy. An audit was performed on the outcome of robotic surgery during our learning curve and compared with recent well-established laparoscopic procedure data. Method. Following acquisition of the da Vinci Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, California, USA), we prospectively analysed all cases performed over the first six months by one experienced gynaecologist who had been appropriately trained and mentored. Data on age, BMI, pathology, surgery type, blood loss, morbidity, return to theatre, hospital stay, and readmission rate were collected and compared with a consecutive series over the preceding 6 months performed laparoscopically by the same team. Results. A comparison of two consecutive series was made. The mean age was somewhat different, 55 years in the robotic versus 69 years in the laparoscopic group, but obesity was a feature of both groups with a mean of BMI 29.3 versus 28.06, respectively. This difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.54). Three subgroups of minimal access surgical procedures were performed: total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingooophorectomy (TH + BSO), total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingooophorectomy plus bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy (TH + BSO + BPLND), and radical hysterectomy plus bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy (RH + BPLND). The mean time taken to perform surgery for TH + BSO was longer in the robotic group, 151.2?min compared to 126.3?min in the laparoscopic group. TH + BSO + BPLND surgical time was similar to 178.3?min in robotic group and 176.5?min in laparoscopic group. RH + BPLND surgical time was similar, 263.6?min (robotic arm) and 264.0?min (laparoscopic arm). However, the numbers in this initial analysis were small especially in the last two subgroups and do not allow for statistical analysis. The rate of complications necessitating intervention (Clavien-Dindo classification grade 2/3) was higher in the robotic arm (22.7%) compared to the laparoscopic approach (4.5%). The readmission rate was higher in the robotic group (18.2%) compared to the laparoscopic group (4.5%). The return to theatre in the robotic group was 18.2% and 4.5% in laparoscopic group. Uncomplicated robotic surgery hospital stay appeared to be shorter, 1.3 days compared to the uncomplicated laparoscopic group, 2.5 days. There was no conversion to the open procedure in either arm. Estimated blood loss in all cases was less than 100?mL in both groups. Conclusion. Robotic surgery is comparable to laparoscopic surgery in blood loss; however, the hospital stay in uncomplicated cases appears to be longer in the laparoscopic arm. Surgical robotic time is equivalent to laparoscopic in complex cases but may be longer in cases not requiring lymph node dissection. The robotic surgery team learning curve may be associated with higher rate of morbidity. Further research on the benefits to the surgeon is needed to clarify the whole picture of this versatile novel surgical approach. PMID:25785195

  4. Regional Expansion of Minimally Invasive Surgery for Hysterectomy: Implementation and Methodology in a Large Multispecialty Group

    PubMed Central

    Andryjowicz, Esteban; Wray, Teresa

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Approximately 600,000 hysterectomies are performed in the US each year, making hysterectomy the second most common major operation performed in women. Several methods can be used to perform this procedure. In 2009, a Cochrane Review concluded “that vaginal hysterectomy should be performed in preference to abdominal hysterectomy, where possible. Where vaginal hysterectomy is not possible, a laparoscopic approach may avoid the need for an abdominal hysterectomy. Risks and benefits of different approaches may however be influenced by the surgeon's experience. More research is needed, particularly to examine the long-term effects of the different types of surgery.” This article reviews the steps that a large multispecialty group used to teach non-open hysterectomy methods to improve the quality of care for their patients and to decrease the number of inpatient procedures and therefore costs. The percentages of each type of hysterectomy performed yearly between 2005 and 2010 were calculated, as well as the length of stay (LOS) for each method. Methods: A structured educational intervention with both didactic and hands-on exercises was created and rolled out to 12 medical centers. All patients undergoing hysterectomy for benign conditions through the Southern California Permanente Medical Group (a large multispecialty group that provides medical care to Kaiser Permanente patients in Southern California) between 2005 and 2010 were included. This amounted to 26,055 hysterectomies for benign conditions being performed by more than 350 obstetrician/gynecologists (Ob/Gyns). Results: More than 300 Ob/Gyns took the course across 12 medical centers. On the basis of hospital discharge data, the total number of hysterectomies, types of hysterectomies, and LOS for each type were identified for each year. Between 2005 and 2010, the rate of non-open hysterectomies has increased 120% (from 38% to 78%) and the average LOS has decreased 31%. PMID:22319415

  5. Niti CAR 27 Versus a Conventional End-to-End Anastomosis Stapler in a Laparoscopic Anterior Resection for Sigmoid Colon Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Kwag, Seung-Jin; Kim, Jun-Gi; Kang, Won-Kyung; Lee, Jin-Kwon

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The Niti CAR 27 (ColonRing) uses compression to create an anastomosis. This study aimed to investigate the safety and the effectiveness of the anastomosis created with the Niti CAR 27 in a laparoscopic anterior resection for sigmoid colon cancer. Methods In a single-center study, 157 consecutive patients who received an operation between March 2010 and December 2011 were retrospectively assessed. The Niti CAR 27 (CAR group, 63 patients) colorectal anastomoses were compared with the conventional double-stapled (CDS group, 94 patients) colorectal anastomoses. Intraoperative, immediate postoperative and 6-month follow-up data were recorded. Results There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of age, gender, tumor location and other clinical characteristics. One patient (1.6%) in the CAR group and 2 patients (2.1%) in the CDS group experienced complications of anastomotic leakage (P = 0.647). These three patients underwent a diverting loop ileostomy. There were 2 cases (2.1%) of bleeding at the anastomosis site in the CDS group. All patients underwent a follow-up colonoscopy (median, 6 months). One patient in the CAR group experienced anastomotic stricture (1.6% vs. 0%; P = 0.401). This complication was solved by using balloon dilatation. Conclusion Anastomosis using the Niti CAR 27 device in a laparoscopic anterior resection for sigmoid colon cancer is safe and feasible. Its use is equivalent to that of the conventional double-stapler. PMID:24851217

  6. Perioperative Complications of Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery Using Three Robotic Arms at a Single Institution

    PubMed Central

    Yim, Ga Won; Kim, Sang Wun; Nam, Eun Ji; Kim, Sunghoon

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate perioperative complications of robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery in gynecology. Materials and Methods Patients who underwent elective robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery between February 2006 and December 2013 were identified. Robotic procedures were performed using the da Vinci robotic system. Patient demographic data and operative outcomes were prospectively collected in a computerized database and extracted for this study. Results Two hundred and ninety eight patients were identified during the study period. One case was converted to conventional laparoscopy due to mechanical failure of the robot system before the procedure and excluded from review. The median age and body mass index of patients were 48 years and 23.0 kg/m2, respectively. The majority (n=130, 43.6%) of operative procedures was radical hysterectomy, followed by endometrial cancer staging (n=112, 37.6%), total hysterectomy (n=39, 13.1%), and myomectomy (n=17, 5.7%). The median operative time, estimated blood loss, and postoperative hospital stay were 208.5 min, 184.8 mL, and 8.9 days, respectively. The overall complication rate was 18.8% and that for only oncologic cases was 16.1%. Intraoperative complications (n=5, 1.7%) consisted of three vessel injuries, one bowel content leakage during an appendectomy during endometrial cancer staging and one case of bladder injury during radical hysterectomy. Early and late postoperative complications were 14.4% and 2.7%, respectively. Five patients (1.7%) experienced grade 3 complications according to Clavien-Dindo classification and therefore needed further intervention. Conclusion Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery is a feasible approach in gynecology with acceptable complications. PMID:25683998

  7. Hysterectomy, endometrial ablation and Mirena® for heavy menstrual bleeding: a systematic review of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Bhattacharya, S; Middleton, L J; Tsourapas, A; Lee, A J; Champaneria, R; Daniels, J P; Roberts, T; Hilken, N H; Barton, P; Gray, R; Khan, K S; Chien, P; O'Donovan, P; Cooper, K G; Abbott, J; Barrington, J; Bhattacharya, S; Bongers, M Y; Brun, J-L; Busfield, R; Clark, T J; Cooper, J; Cooper, K G; Corson, S L; Dickersin, K; Dwyer, N; Gannon, M; Hawe, J; Hurskainen, R; Meyer, W R; O'Connor, H; Pinion, S; Sambrook, A M; Tam, W H; van Zon-Rabelink, I A A; Zupi, E

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE The aim of this project was to determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of hysterectomy, first- and second-generation endometrial ablation (EA), and Mirena® (Bayer Healthcare Pharmaceuticals, Pittsburgh, PA, USA) for the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding. DESIGN Individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis of existing randomised controlled trials to determine the short- to medium-term effects of hysterectomy, EA and Mirena. A population-based retrospective cohort study based on record linkage to investigate the long-term effects of ablative techniques and hysterectomy in terms of failure rates and complications. Cost-effectiveness analysis of hysterectomy versus first- and second-generation ablative techniques and Mirena. SETTING Data from women treated for heavy menstrual bleeding were obtained from national and international trials. Scottish national data were obtained from the Scottish Information Services Division. PARTICIPANTS Women who were undergoing treatment for heavy menstrual bleeding were included. INTERVENTIONS Hysterectomy, first- and second-generation EA, and Mirena. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Satisfaction, recurrence of symptoms, further surgery and costs. RESULTS Data from randomised trials indicated that at 12 months more women were dissatisfied with first-generation EA than hysterectomy [odds ratio (OR): 2.46, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.54 to 3.93; p = 0.0002), but hospital stay [WMD (weighted mean difference) 3.0 days, 95% CI 2.9 to 3.1 days; p < 0.00001] and time to resumption of normal activities (WMD 5.2 days, 95% CI 4.7 to 5.7 days; p < 0.00001) were longer for hysterectomy. Unsatisfactory outcomes associated with first- and second-generation techniques were comparable [12.2% (123/1006) vs 10.6% (110/1034); OR 1.20, 95% CI 0.88 to 1.62; p = 0.2). Rates of dissatisfaction with Mirena and second-generation EA were similar [18.1% (17/94) vs 22.5% (23/102); OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.38 to 1.53; p = 0.4]. Indirect estimates suggested that hysterectomy was also preferable to second-generation EA (OR 2.32, 95% CI 1.27 to 4.24; p = 0.006) in terms of patient dissatisfaction. The evidence to suggest that hysterectomy is preferable to Mirena was weaker (OR 2.22, 95% CI 0.94 to 5.29; p = 0.07). In women treated by EA or hysterectomy and followed up for a median [interquartile range (IQR)] duration of 6.2 (2.7-10.8) and 11.6 (7.9-14.8) years, respectively, 962/11,299 (8.5%) women originally treated by EA underwent further gynaecological surgery. While the risk of adnexal surgery was similar in both groups [adjusted hazards ratio 0.80 (95% CI 0.56 to 1.15)], women who had undergone ablation were less likely to need pelvic floor repair [adjusted hazards ratio 0.62 (95% CI 0.50 to 0.77)] and tension-free vaginal tape surgery for stress urinary incontinence [adjusted hazards ratio 0.55 (95% CI 0.41 to 0.74)]. Abdominal hysterectomy led to a lower chance of pelvic floor repair surgery [hazards ratio 0.54 (95% CI 0.45 to 0.64)] than vaginal hysterectomy. The incidence of endometrial cancer following EA was 0.02%. Hysterectomy was the most cost-effective treatment. It dominated first-generation EA and, although more expensive, produced more quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) than second-generation EA and Mirena. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios for hysterectomy compared with Mirena and hysterectomy compared with second-generation ablation were £1440 per additional QALY and £970 per additional QALY, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Despite longer hospital stay and time to resumption of normal activities, more women were satisfied after hysterectomy than after EA. The few data available suggest that Mirena is potentially cheaper and more effective than first-generation ablation techniques, with rates of satisfaction that are similar to second-generation techniques. Owing to a paucity of trials, there is limited evidence to suggest that hysterectomy is preferable to Mirena. The risk of pelvic floor surgery is higher in women treated by hysterectomy than by ablation. Although the most cost-effective strategy, hysterectomy may not be considered an initial option owing to its invasive nature and higher risk of complications. Future research should focus on evaluation of the clinical effectivesness and cost-effectiveness of the best second-generation EA technique under local anaesthetic versus Mirena and types of hysterectomy such as laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy versus conventional hysterectomy and second-generation EA. FUNDING The National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment programme. PMID:21535970

  8. Laparoscopic Ureterolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Aras, Bekir; Ekşi, Mithat; Şener, Nevzat Can; Tugču, Volkan

    2016-01-01

    Background and Objective: The present study retrospectively analyzed the data of 213 patients who underwent laparoscopic ureterolithotomy. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 213 patients, in whom we performed conventional laparoscopic ureterolithotomy from April 2006 and January 2015 based on the diagnosis of an upper or middle ureteral stone. Patients with large ureteral stones (>15 mm) or a history of failed shock-wave lithotripsy or ureteroscopy were included in the study. Although the retroperitoneal approach was preferred for 170 patients, the transperitoneal approach was used in the remaining 43 patients. Results: The mean patient age was 39.3 ± 12.0 years (range, 18–73). The study population was composed of 78 (26.7%) female and 135 (63.3%) male patients. The mean stone size was 19.7 ± 2.5 mm. The mean operative time was 80.9 ± 10.9 minutes, and the mean blood loss was 63.3 ± 12.7 mL. Intraoperative insertion of a double-J catheter was performed in 76 patients. The overall stone-free rate was 99%. No major complication was observed in any patient. However, conversion to open surgery was necessary in 1 patient. Conclusion: With high success and low complication rates, laparoscopic ureterolithotomy is an effective and reliable method that ensures quick recovery and may be the first treatment option for patients with large, impacted ureteral stones, as well as for those with a history of failed primary treatment.

  9. Electromagnetically navigated laparoscopic ultrasound.

    PubMed

    Wilheim, Dirk; Feussner, Hubertus; Schneider, Armin; Harms, Jens

    2003-01-01

    A three-dimensional (3D) representation of laparoscopic ultrasound examinations could be helpful in diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy, but has not yet been realised with flexible laparoscopic ultrasound probes. Therefore, an electromagnetic navigation system was integrated into the tip of a conventional laparoscopic ultrasound probe. Navigated 3D laparoscopic ultrasound was compared with the imaging data of 3D navigated transcutaneous ultrasound and 3D computed tomography (CT) scan. The 3D CT scan served as the "gold standard". Clinical applicability in standardized operating room (OR) settings, imaging quality, diagnostic potential, and accuracy in volumetric assessment of various well-defined hepatic lesions were analyzed. Navigated 3D laparoscopic ultrasound facilitates exact definition of tumor location and margins. As compared with the "gold standard" of the 3D CT scans, 3D laparoscopic ultrasound has a tendency to underestimate the volume of the region of interest (ROI) (Delta3.1%). A comparison of 3D laparoscopy and transcutaneous 3D ultrasonography demonstrated clearly that the former is more accurate for volumetric assessment of the ROI and facilitates a more detailed display of the lesions. 3D laparoscopic ultrasound imaging with a navigated probe is technically feasible. The technique facilitates detailed ultrasound evaluation of laparoscopic procedures that involve visual, in-depth, and volumetric perception of complex liver pathologies. Navigated 3D laparoscopic ultrasound may have the potential to promote the practical role of laparoscopic ultrasonography, and become a valuable tool for local ablative therapy. In this article, our clinical experiences with a certified prototype of a 3D laparoscopic ultrasound probe, as well as its in vitro and in vivo evaluation, is reported. PMID:12931283

  10. The alternatives to hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Hart, R; Magos, A

    1999-06-01

    Hysterectomy is one of the commonest major operations, with 72,362 procedures performed in England in 1993. However, for women with dysfunctional uterine bleeding other less invasive surgical options have been developed. In particular, hysteroscopic endometrial ablation has been shown to be an effective therapy. Prospective randomized trials have shown that hysteroscopic surgery is associated with a shorter operating time, fewer complications, less analgesic requirement, a faster resumption of normal activities and work and savings in treatment costs. Psychological and social functioning also improves with no significant differences compared to hysterectomy. There is, however, a tendency for women randomized to hysterectomy to report higher rates of satisfaction. Several non-hysteroscopic ablative techniques are currently being developed and tested. While attractive, as they do not require significant hysteroscopic skills and will probably prove to have fewer operative risks than hysteroscopic procedures, the results of these procedures are still in the evaluation phase. PMID:10755042

  11. Virtual reality in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Uranüs, Selman; Yanik, Mustafa; Bretthauer, Georg

    2004-01-01

    Although the many advantages of laparoscopic surgery have made it an established technique, training in laparoscopic surgery posed problems not encountered in conventional surgical training. Virtual reality simulators open up new perspectives for training in laparoscopic surgery. Under realistic conditions in real time, trainees can tailor their sessions with the VR simulator to suit their needs and goals, and can repeat exercises as often as they wish. VR simulators reduce the number of experimental animals needed for training purposes and are suited to the pursuit of research in laparoscopic surgery. PMID:15747974

  12. Hysterectomy for heavy menstrual bleeding.

    PubMed

    van der Meij, Eva; Emanuel, Mark Hans

    2016-01-01

    Hysterectomy is the most frequently performed major surgical intervention in gynecology. Although surgically removing the uterus is invasive, it represents the most definitive treatment option for heavy menstrual bleeding. In this article, we will discuss the indications for hysterectomy as a treatment for heavy menstrual bleeding, the different approaches to perform the hysterectomy, the complications which may occur during and after this procedure and finally the outcomes in comparison with other treatment options. PMID:26756830

  13. An audit of indications, complications, and justification of hysterectomies at a teaching hospital in India.

    PubMed

    Pandey, Deeksha; Sehgal, Kriti; Saxena, Aashish; Hebbar, Shripad; Nambiar, Jayaram; Bhat, Rajeshwari G

    2014-01-01

    Objective. Aim of this audit was to analyze indications, complications, and correlation of preoperative diagnosis with final histopathology report of all hysterectomies, performed in a premier teaching hospital. Methods. Present study involved all patients who underwent hysterectomy at a premier university hospital in Southern India, in one year (from 1 January, 2012, to 31 December, 2012). Results. Most common surgical approach was abdominal (74.7%), followed by vaginal (17.8%), and laparoscopic (6.6%) hysterectomy. Most common indication for hysterectomy was symptomatic fibroid uterus (39.9%), followed by uterovaginal prolapse (16.3%). Overall complication rate was 8.5%. Around 84% had the same pathology as suspected preoperatively. Only 6 (5 with preoperative diagnosis of abnormal uterine bleeding and one with high grade premalignant cervical lesion) had no significant pathology in their hysterectomy specimen. Conclusion. Hysterectomy is used commonly to improve the quality of life; however at times it is a lifesaving procedure. As any surgical procedure is associated with a risk of complications, the indication should be carefully evaluated. With the emergence of many conservative approaches to deal with benign gynecological conditions, it is prudent to discuss available options with the patient before taking a direct decision of surgically removing her uterus. PMID:25763395

  14. An Audit of Indications, Complications, and Justification of Hysterectomies at a Teaching Hospital in India

    PubMed Central

    Sehgal, Kriti; Hebbar, Shripad; Nambiar, Jayaram; Bhat, Rajeshwari G.

    2014-01-01

    Objective. Aim of this audit was to analyze indications, complications, and correlation of preoperative diagnosis with final histopathology report of all hysterectomies, performed in a premier teaching hospital. Methods. Present study involved all patients who underwent hysterectomy at a premier university hospital in Southern India, in one year (from 1 January, 2012, to 31 December, 2012). Results. Most common surgical approach was abdominal (74.7%), followed by vaginal (17.8%), and laparoscopic (6.6%) hysterectomy. Most common indication for hysterectomy was symptomatic fibroid uterus (39.9%), followed by uterovaginal prolapse (16.3%). Overall complication rate was 8.5%. Around 84% had the same pathology as suspected preoperatively. Only 6 (5 with preoperative diagnosis of abnormal uterine bleeding and one with high grade premalignant cervical lesion) had no significant pathology in their hysterectomy specimen. Conclusion. Hysterectomy is used commonly to improve the quality of life; however at times it is a lifesaving procedure. As any surgical procedure is associated with a risk of complications, the indication should be carefully evaluated. With the emergence of many conservative approaches to deal with benign gynecological conditions, it is prudent to discuss available options with the patient before taking a direct decision of surgically removing her uterus. PMID:25763395

  15. Laparoscopic repair of urogenital fistulae: A single centre experience

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Sumit; Rizvi, Syed Jamal; Bethur, Santhosh Shivanandaiah; Bansal, Jyoti; Qadri, Syed Javid Farooq; Modi, Pranjal

    2014-01-01

    CONTEXT: Sparse literature exists on laparoscopic repair of urogenital fistulae (UGF). AIMS: The purpose of the following study is to report our experience of laparoscopic UGF repair with emphasis on important steps for a successful laparoscopic repair. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Data of patients who underwent laparoscopic repair of UGF from 2003 to 2012 was retrospectively reviewed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was reviewed as to the aetiology, prior failed attempts, size, number and location of fistula, mean operative time, blood loss, post-operative storage/voiding symptoms and episodes of urinary tract infections (UTI). RESULTS: Laparoscopic repair of 22 supratrigonal vesicovaginal fistulae (VVF) (five recurrent) and 31 ureterovaginal fistulae (UVF) was performed. VVF followed transabdominal hysterectomy (14), lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) (7) and oophrectomy (1). UVF followed laparoscopy assisted vaginal hysterectomy (18), transvaginal hysterectomy (2) and transabdominal hysterectomy (10) and LSCS (1). Mean VVF size was 14 mm. Mean operative time and blood loss for VVF and UVF were 140 min, 75 ml and 130 min, 60 ml respectively. In 20 VVF repairs tissue was interposed between non-overlapping suture lines. Vesico-psoas hitch was done in 29 patients of urterovaginal fistulae. All patients were continent following surgery. There were no urinary complaints in VVF patients and no UTI in UVF patients over a median follow-up of 3.2 years and 2.8 years respectively. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic repair of UGF gives easy, quick access to the pelvic cavity. Interposition of tissue during VVF repair and vesico-psoas hitch during UVF repair form important steps to ensure successful repair. PMID:25336817

  16. [Pyeloplasty: pro laparoscopic].

    PubMed

    Bader, P

    2012-05-01

    With increasing experience and availability of the da Vinci robotic surgery system there has been an extension of the indications from initially exclusively ablative interventions, such as nephrectomy and radical prostatectomy to reconstructive interventions, such as pyeloplasty, bladder augmentation and urinary diversion. Laparocopic pyeloplasty has been established for both adults and children, with results comparable to the open procedure. In comparison the conventional laparoscopic procedure is little cost-intensive and therefore widely used. The available literature has to be analysed to find advantages for the cost-intensive, robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty from which patients can profit. PMID:22526175

  17. Solo surgeon single-port laparoscopic surgery with a homemade laparoscope-anchored instrument system in benign gynecologic diseases.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yun Seok; Kim, Seung Hyun; Jin, Chan Hee; Oh, Kwoan Young; Hur, Myung Haeng; Kim, Soo Young; Yim, Hyun Soon

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to present the initial operative experience of solo surgeon single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) in the laparoscopic treatment of benign gynecologic diseases and to investigate its feasibility and surgical outcomes. Using a novel homemade laparoscope-anchored instrument system that consisted of a laparoscopic instrument attached to a laparoscope and a glove-wound retractor umbilical port, we performed solo surgeon SPLS in 13 patients between March 2011 and June 2012. Intraoperative complications and postoperative surgical outcomes were determined. The primary operative procedures performed were unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (n=5), unilateral salpingectomy (n=2), adhesiolysis (n=1), and laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (n=5). Additional surgical procedures included additional adhesiolysis (n=4) and ovarian drilling (n=1).The primary indications for surgery were benign ovarian tumors (n=5), ectopic pregnancy (n=2), pelvic adhesion (infertility) (n=1), and benign uterine tumors (n=5). Solo surgeon SPLS was successfully accomplished in all procedures without a laparoscopic assistant. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. Our laparoscope-anchored instrument system obviates the need for an additional laparoscopic assistant and enables SPLS to be performed by a solo surgeon. The findings show that with our system, solo surgeon SPLS is a feasible and safe alternative technique for the treatment of benign gynecologic diseases in properly selected patients. PMID:24509292

  18. Laparoscopic Pelvic Lymphadenectomy in the Surgical Treatment of Endometrial Cancer: Results of a Multicenter Study

    PubMed Central

    Jabor, Antonn; Bartos, Pavel; Eim, Josef; Kliment, Lev

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the results and determine the contribution of laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy in the surgical treatment of women with endometrial cancer and compare with the open technique. Methods: A prospective multicenter study was carried out on 120 women who underwent laparoscopic surgery (96 women) and open procedures (24 women) for endometrial cancer between April 1996 and March 2000. Results: Four patients whose laparoscopic surgery was completed by laparotomy were excluded from the study. The other 92 laparoscopic procedures were successfully completed. Laparoscopically assisted surgical staging (LASS) was performed based on the grade of the tumor and the depth of myometrial invasion. Sixty-seven of the patients underwent hysterectomy, bilateral salpingooophorectomy (BSO), and pelvic lymphadenectomy, and 25 women also had para-aortic lymph node sampling dissection. Eleven of these patients had positive pelvic or para-aortic nodes. The mean operating time for the laparoscopic procedure was significantly longer (173.8 min, P < 0.0001) than the time for the open procedure (135.0 min). The rate of complications was similar in both groups. The recovery time was significantly reduced (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: The laparoscopic approach to hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy for early stage endometrial carcinoma is an attractive alternative to the abdominal surgical approach. The advantages of laparoscopically assisted surgical staging are patient related. Because the abdominal incision is avoided, the recovery time is reduced. Laparoscopic pelvic lymph node dissection is a procedure that is appropriate, when applicable. PMID:12113415

  19. Combined laparoscopic-assisted nephrectomy, augmentation ureterocystoplasty and Mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy.

    PubMed

    Harper, L; Abbo, O; Prost, S; Michel, J L; Soubirou, J L; Sauvat, F

    2013-02-01

    Conventional and robotic-assisted laparoscopy is being used for more and more complex urological procedures in children. There have recently been reports of laparoscopic or laparoscopic-assisted appendicovesicostomies in children. We report a case of combined laparoscopic-assisted nephrectomy, augmentation ureterocystoplasty and Mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy in a 5-year-old boy with valve bladder syndrome. PMID:23141002

  20. The Impact of Different Surgical Modalities for Hysterectomy on Satisfaction and Patient Reported Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background There is an ongoing debate regarding the cost-benefit of different surgical modalities for hysterectomy. Studies have relied primarily on evaluation of clinical outcomes and medical expenses. Thus, a paucity of information on patient-reported outcomes including satisfaction, recovery, and recommendations exists. Objective The objective of this study was to identify differences in patient satisfaction and recommendations by approach to a hysterectomy. Methods We recruited a large, geographically diverse group of women who were members of an online hysterectomy support community. US women who had undergone a benign hysterectomy formed this retrospective study cohort. Self-reported characteristics and experiences were compared by surgical modality using chi-square tests. Outcomes over time were assessed with the Jonkheere-Terpstra trend test. Logistic regression identified independent predictors of patient satisfaction and recommendations. Results There were 6262 women who met the study criteria; 41.74% (2614/6262) underwent an abdominal hysterectomy, 10.64% (666/6262) were vaginal, 27.42% (1717/6262) laparoscopic, 18.94% (1186/6262) robotic, and 1.26% (79/6262) single-incision laparoscopic. Most women were at least college educated (56.37%, 3530/6262), and identified as white, non-Hispanic (83.17%, 5208/6262). Abdominal hysterectomy rates decreased from 68.2% (152/223) to 24.4% (75/307), and minimally invasive surgeries increased from 31.8% (71/223) to 75.6% (232/307) between 2001 or prior years and 2013 (P<.001 all trends). Trends in overall patient satisfaction and recommendations showed significant improvement over time (P<.001).There were differences across the surgical modalities in all patient-reported experiences (ie, satisfaction, time to walking, driving and working, and whether patients would recommend or use the same technique again; P<.001). Significantly better outcomes were evident among women who had vaginal, laparoscopic, and robotic procedures than among those who had an abdominal procedure. However, robotic surgery was the only approach that was an independent predictor of better patient experience; these patients were more satisfied overall (odds ratio [OR] 1.31, 95% CI 1.13-1.51) and on six other satisfaction measures, and more likely to recommend (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.39-1.94) and choose the same modality again (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.67-2.57). Abdominal hysterectomy patients were more dissatisfied with outcomes after surgery and less likely to recommend (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.31-0.40) or choose the same technique again (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.25-0.33). Quicker return to normal activities and surgery after 2007 also were independently associated with better overall satisfaction, willingness to recommend, and to choose the same surgery again. Conclusions Consistent with other US data, laparoscopic and robotic hysterectomy rates increased over time, with a concomitant decline in abdominal hysterectomy. While inherent shortcomings of this retrospective Web-based study exist, findings show that patient experience was better for each of the major minimally invasive approaches than for abdominal hysterectomy. However, robotic-assisted hysterectomy was the only modality that independently predicted greater satisfaction and willingness to recommend and have the same procedure again. PMID:25048103

  1. Parasitic myoma after laparoscopic surgery: a mini-review

    PubMed Central

    Erenel, Hakan; Temizkan, Osman; Mathyk, Begm Aydo?an; Karata?, Suat

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this review is to summarize the cases of parasitic myomas after laparoscopic surgery. A literature search was performed using the PubMed database for the period of January 1997 to December 2014. We used the following keywords: laparoscopic hysterectomy, laparoscopic myomectomy, morcellation, parasitic fibroids, parasitic myomas, and leiomyomatosis. A total of 29 articles meeting the selection criteria were included in our review, describing 53 patients who underwent surgery for parasitic myomas. Parasitic myoma is a rare condition resulting from the small fibroid fragments left after morcellation and can be either asymptomatic or symptomatic. Although it is rare, patients should be informed about the risk of this condition after laparoscopic surgery. It is important for surgeons to look for small fibroid fragments during and after morcellation and make an effort to remove every piece of tissue. PMID:26401114

  2. Appraisal of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed Central

    Graves, H A; Ballinger, J F; Anderson, W J

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports the experience of three general surgeons performing 304 laparoscopic cholecystectomies in three private hospitals between October 1989 and November 1990. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy boasts two major advantages over the conventional procedure: the remarkable reduction in postoperative pain and economic benefit, largely due to the patient's early return to work. Revealing a complication rate of 2% and no deaths, this study has shown that this procedure can offer patients these advantages with a medical risk no greater than that accompanying conventional cholecystectomy. Patient safety must be paramount, and it is the responsibility of the surgical community to ensure that all surgeons receive the highest quality training and that the technique is applied appropriately. Images Fig. 3. Fig. 4. Fig. 5. Fig. 6. Fig. 7. PMID:1828140

  3. Laparoscopic Colorectal Resection in the Obese Patient

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Sean T.; Stocchi, Luca

    2011-01-01

    Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is an accepted alternative to conventional open resection in the surgical approach of both benign and malignant diseases of the colon and rectum. Well-described benefits of laparoscopic surgery include accelerated recovery of bowel function, decreased post-operative pain and shorter hospital stay; these advantages could be particularly beneficial to high-risk patient groups, such as obese patients. At present, data regarding the application of the laparoscopic approach to colorectal resection in the obese is equivocal. We evaluate the available evidence to support laparoscopic colorectal resection in the obese patient population. PMID:23204942

  4. [Laparoscopic reoperations].

    PubMed

    Dragomirescu, C; Cop?escu, C; Munteanu, R; Dr?ghici, L

    2001-01-01

    The progress of laparoscopic techniques have made possible video-assisted miniinvasive surgery in patients with indication of reoperation. Knowing that there are many controversies against this type of surgery, the authors tried to formulate their own point of view in this matter by analyzing their experience in such particular cases. In this study there are included both laparoscopic re-operations (or re-laparoscopies), consecutive to video-assisted surgery, and the mini-invasive procedures performed for complications after open surgery. Of the total 3901 laparoscopic operations (in 3714 patients) we performed 34 laparoscopic re-operations for postoperative complications occurred in patients previously operated on in our clinic or in other departments (29 re-laparoscopies and 5 after open surgery) The objective of the study was to verify if the laparoscopic techniques are useful in diagnostic and treatment of the postoperative complications which need surgical re-exploration, and the conclusions have shown that laparoscopy may be appropriate in re-exploration of the surgical patients, if the rules of the operative management is respected and the well defined standards are fulfilled. PMID:12731189

  5. D-light for laparoscopic fluorescence diagnosis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gahlen, Johannes; Laubach, Hans-Heinrich; Stern, Josef; Pressmar, Jochen; Pietschmann, Mathias; Herfarth, Christian

    1999-07-01

    To evaluate the role of ALA induced fluorescence diagnosis in laparoscopic surgery, we induced peritoneal carcinosis in rats by multilocular intraabdominal tumorcell implantation (CC531). The animals were photosensitized by intraabdominal ALA lavage. Laparoscopy was performed with both, conventional white and then blue light (D-Light, KARL STORZ Germany) excitation. Laparoscopy with conventional white light showed peritoneal carcinoma foci from 0.1 to 2 cm in diameter. All macroscopically visible tumors (n equals 142) were fluorescence positive after laparoscopic blue light excitation. In addition, 30 laparoscopic not visible (white light) tumors showed fluorescence and were histologically confirmed as colon carcinoma metastases. We conclude that only ALA induced laparoscopic fluorescence detection after blue light excitation is the adequate method to detect the entire extent of the intraabdominal tumor spread. Fluorescence laparoscopy is essential for laparoscopic staging of colorectal cancer because of a higher rate of cancer foci detection.

  6. Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of a Pharmacokinetic Model-Based Dosing Scheme Versus a Conventional Fentanyl Dosing Regimen For Patient-Controlled Analgesia Immediately Following Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    PubMed

    Jin, Seok-Joon; Lim, Hyeong-Seok; Kwon, Youn-Ju; Park, Se-Ung; Yi, Jung-Min; Chin, Ji-Hyun; Hwang, Jai-Hyun; Kim, Young-Kug

    2016-01-01

    Conventional, intravenous, patient-controlled analgesia, which is only administered by demand bolus without basal continuous infusion, is closely associated with inappropriate analgesia. Pharmacokinetic model-based dosing schemes can quantitatively describe the time course of drug effects and achieve optimal drug therapy. We compared the efficacy and safety of a conventional dosing regimen for intravenous patient-controlled analgesia that was administered by demand bolus without basal continuous infusion (group A) versus a pharmacokinetic model-based dosing scheme performed by decreasing the dosage of basal continuous infusion according to the model-based simulation used to achieve a targeted concentration (group B) following robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy.In total, 70 patients were analyzed: 34 patients in group A and 36 patients in group B. The postoperative opioid requirements, pain scores assessed by the visual analog scale, and adverse events (eg, nausea, vomiting, pruritis, respiratory depression, desaturation, sedation, confusion, and urinary retention) were compared on admission to the postanesthesia care unit and at 0.5, 1, 4, 24, and 48?h after surgery between the 2 groups. All patients were kept for close observation in the postanesthesia care unit for 1 h, and then transferred to the general ward.The fentanyl requirements in the postanesthesia care unit for groups A and B were 110.0??46.4??g and 77.5??35.3??g, respectively. The pain scores assessed by visual analog scale at 0.5, 1, 4, and 24?h after surgery in group B were significantly lower than in group A (all P?laparoscopic prostatectomy in comparison with conventional dosing regimen. PMID:26765479

  7. Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of a Pharmacokinetic Model-Based Dosing Scheme Versus a Conventional Fentanyl Dosing Regimen For Patient-Controlled Analgesia Immediately Following Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Seok-Joon; Lim, Hyeong-Seok; Kwon, Youn-Ju; Park, Se-Ung; Yi, Jung-Min; Chin, Ji-Hyun; Hwang, Jai-Hyun; Kim, Young-Kug

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Conventional, intravenous, patient-controlled analgesia, which is only administered by demand bolus without basal continuous infusion, is closely associated with inappropriate analgesia. Pharmacokinetic model-based dosing schemes can quantitatively describe the time course of drug effects and achieve optimal drug therapy. We compared the efficacy and safety of a conventional dosing regimen for intravenous patient-controlled analgesia that was administered by demand bolus without basal continuous infusion (group A) versus a pharmacokinetic model-based dosing scheme performed by decreasing the dosage of basal continuous infusion according to the model-based simulation used to achieve a targeted concentration (group B) following robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. In total, 70 patients were analyzed: 34 patients in group A and 36 patients in group B. The postoperative opioid requirements, pain scores assessed by the visual analog scale, and adverse events (eg, nausea, vomiting, pruritis, respiratory depression, desaturation, sedation, confusion, and urinary retention) were compared on admission to the postanesthesia care unit and at 0.5, 1, 4, 24, and 48?h after surgery between the 2 groups. All patients were kept for close observation in the postanesthesia care unit for 1 h, and then transferred to the general ward. The fentanyl requirements in the postanesthesia care unit for groups A and B were 110.0??46.4??g and 77.5??35.3??g, respectively. The pain scores assessed by visual analog scale at 0.5, 1, 4, and 24?h after surgery in group B were significantly lower than in group A (all P?laparoscopic prostatectomy in comparison with conventional dosing regimen. PMID:26765479

  8. Laparoscopic appendicectomy.

    PubMed

    Gangal, H T; Gangal, M H

    1987-05-01

    Occasionally the surgeon has to venture into exploratory laparotomy, in order to confirm his assessment and also to treat accordingly. However, laparoscopy has become a means of minimising such situations for the surgeon. Against this background few surgeons have of late, been using the laparoscope for confirming or discounting the particular pathology before proceeding to laparotomy. The laparoscopic procedure needs adequate knowledge, experience and precision in handling the instruments. The recent extensive upsurge in female sterilization via the laparoscope in India has made it possible to develop techniques which are new and different from the ones practiced in developed countries. Compelling occasions on the author leading to successful closure of the trochar perforation of the colon on the spot with the help of a band applicator alone has led to the concept of appendicectomy in practice; More so with the author's modified band applicator. This procedure can readily be mastered by the endoscopic surgeon. PMID:2956086

  9. Laparoscopic Surgery - What Is It?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Laparoscopic Surgery - What is it? Laparoscopic Surgery - What is it? Laparoscopic Surgery - What is it? | ASCRS Alternate Titles: Trocar Used in Surgery WHAT IS LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY? Laparoscopic or “minimally invasive” surgery is ...

  10. A Comparative Study of Fast-Track Verus Conventional Surgery in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy and Ileal Conduit Diversion: Chinese Experience

    PubMed Central

    Guan, Xiao; Liu, Longfei; Lei, Xiang; Zu, Xiongbing; Li, Yuan; Chen, Mingfen; Wang, Long; Qi, Lin

    2014-01-01

    Fast-track surgery (FTS), which combines various techniques with evidence-based adjustments, is aimed to reduce postoperative morbidity, attenuate surgical stress response, thereby accelerating recovery and shorting length of stay. To further investigate the effectiveness of fast-track surgery, we compared the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic radical cystectomy and ileal conduit diversion for Chinese bladder cancer patients with FTS or with CS in our hospital. Patients with bladder cancer were included and divided into two consecutive groups: CS group and FTS group. Duration to first flatus and regular diet, postoperative hospital days, hospital expense, incidence of complications and postoperative surgical stress response were compared. There was no significant difference between the two groups in age, sex, BMI and postoperative TNM classification. Compared with the CS group, the FTS group had significantly shorter duration to first flatus, time to regular diet, postoperative hospital days and hospital expense, less complications, lower white blood count (WBC) and serum of C-reactive protein (CRP) on postoperative day 5 and 7. Our study indicates that FTS program is safe and efficacious for Chinese patients undergoing laparoscopic radical cystectomy and ileal conduit diversion. It can accelerate recovery, reduce stress action, shorten postoperative hospitals days and reduce hospital expenses. PMID:25352195

  11. Reconstructive laparoscopic prolapse surgery to avoid mesh erosions

    PubMed Central

    Devassy, Rajesh; Cezar, Cristina; Xie, Meiting; Herrmann, Anja; Tchartchian, Garri; De Wilde, Rudy Leon

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The objective of the study is to examine the efficacy of the purely laparoscopic reconstructive management of cystocele and rectocele with mesh, to avoid the risk of erosion by the graft material, a well known complication in vaginal mesh surgery. Material and methods: We performed a prospective, single-case, non-randomized study in 325 patients who received laparoscopic reconstructive management of pelvic organe prolaps with mesh. The study was conducted between January 2004 and December 2012 in a private clinic in India. The most common prolapse symptoms were reducible vaginal lump, urinary stress incontinence, constipation and flatus incontinence, sexual dysfunction and dypareunia. The degree e of the prolaps was staged according to POPQ system. The approach was purely laparoscopic and involved the use of polypropylene (Prolene) or polyurethane with activated regenerated cellulose coating (Parietex) mesh. Results: The mean age was 55 (3080) years and the most of the patients were multiparous (272/325). The patients received a plastic correction of the rectocele only (138 cases), a cystocele and rectocele (187 cases) with mesh. 132 patients had a concomitant total hysterectomy; in 2 cases a laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy was performed and 190 patients had a laparoscopic colposuspension. The mean operation time was 82.2 (60210) minutes. The mean follow up was 3.4 (35) years. Urinary retention developed in 1 case, which required a new laparoscopical intervention. Bladder injury, observed in the same case was in one session closed with absorbable suture. There were four recurrences of the rectocele, receiving a posterior vaginal colporrhaphy. Erosions of the mesh were not reported or documented. Conclusion: The pure laparoscopic reconstructive management of the cystocele and rectocele with mesh seems to be a safe and effective surgical procedure potentially avoiding the risk of mesh erosions. PMID:26504702

  12. Laparoscopic appendectomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richards, Kent F.; Christensen, Brent J.

    1991-07-01

    The accurate and timely diagnosis of acute appendicitis remains a difficult clinical dilemma. Misdiagnosis rates of up to 40% are not unusual. Laparoscopic appendectomy provides a definitive diagnosis and an excellent method for routine removal of the appendix with very low morbidity and patient discomfort.

  13. A rare case of post-hysterectomy vault site iatrogenic endometriosis.

    PubMed

    Choi, Cha Hien; Kim, Jeong Jin; Kim, Woo Young; Min, Kyeung Whan; Kim, Dong Hoon

    2015-07-01

    A 45-year-old woman with a prior history of hysterectomy due to adenomyosis and leiomyomas was presented at our outpatient gynecology clinic 13 months later with sudden lower pelvic discomfort and vaginal bleeding symptoms. The patient underwent vaginal vault biopsy however diagnosis was still uncertain. Additional evaluation was required due to massive rebleeding incidents. After an emergent explorative laparoscopic operation with total excision of the vault, a diagnosis of vaginal vault endometriosis was made. Our theory is that a possible transplantation of endometrial cells during morcellation of the adenomyotic uterus which then may have progressed to iatrogenic endometriosis of the vaginal vault. Therefore, vault endometriosis must be considered in incidences of delayed massive bleeding occurring in post-hysterectomy patients when other diagnoses have been excluded. PMID:26217604

  14. A rare case of post-hysterectomy vault site iatrogenic endometriosis

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Cha Hien; Kim, Jeong Jin; Min, Kyeung Whan; Kim, Dong Hoon

    2015-01-01

    A 45-year-old woman with a prior history of hysterectomy due to adenomyosis and leiomyomas was presented at our outpatient gynecology clinic 13 months later with sudden lower pelvic discomfort and vaginal bleeding symptoms. The patient underwent vaginal vault biopsy however diagnosis was still uncertain. Additional evaluation was required due to massive rebleeding incidents. After an emergent explorative laparoscopic operation with total excision of the vault, a diagnosis of vaginal vault endometriosis was made. Our theory is that a possible transplantation of endometrial cells during morcellation of the adenomyotic uterus which then may have progressed to iatrogenic endometriosis of the vaginal vault. Therefore, vault endometriosis must be considered in incidences of delayed massive bleeding occurring in post-hysterectomy patients when other diagnoses have been excluded. PMID:26217604

  15. Laparoscopic approach in gastrointestinal emergencies.

    PubMed

    Jimenez Rodriguez, Rosa M; Segura-Sampedro, Juan José; Flores-Cortés, Mercedes; López-Bernal, Francisco; Martín, Cristobalina; Diaz, Verónica Pino; Ciuro, Felipe Pareja; Ruiz, Javier Padillo

    2016-03-01

    This review focuses on the laparoscopic approach to gastrointestinal emergencies and its more recent indications. Laparoscopic surgery has a specific place in elective procedures, but that does not apply in emergency situations. In specific emergencies, there is a huge range of indications and different techniques to apply, and not all of them are equally settle. We consider that the most controversial points in minimally invasive procedures are indications in emergency situations due to technical difficulties. Some pathologies, such as oesophageal emergencies, obstruction due to colon cancer, abdominal hernias or incarcerated postsurgical hernias, are nearly always resolved by conventional surgery, that is, an open approach due to limited intraabdominal cavity space or due to the vulnerability of the bowel. These technical problems have been solved in many diseases, such as for perforated peptic ulcer or acute appendectomy for which a laparoscopic approach has become a well-known and globally supported procedure. On the other hand, endoscopic procedures have acquired further indications, relegating surgical solutions to a second place; this happens in cholangitis or pancreatic abscess drainage. This endoluminal approach avoids the need for laparoscopic development in these diseases. Nevertheless, new instruments and new technologies could extend the laparoscopic approach to a broader array of potentials procedures. There remains, however, a long way to go. PMID:26973409

  16. Laparoscopic approach in gastrointestinal emergencies

    PubMed Central

    Jimenez Rodriguez, Rosa M; Segura-Sampedro, Juan José; Flores-Cortés, Mercedes; López-Bernal, Francisco; Martín, Cristobalina; Diaz, Verónica Pino; Ciuro, Felipe Pareja; Ruiz, Javier Padillo

    2016-01-01

    This review focuses on the laparoscopic approach to gastrointestinal emergencies and its more recent indications. Laparoscopic surgery has a specific place in elective procedures, but that does not apply in emergency situations. In specific emergencies, there is a huge range of indications and different techniques to apply, and not all of them are equally settle. We consider that the most controversial points in minimally invasive procedures are indications in emergency situations due to technical difficulties. Some pathologies, such as oesophageal emergencies, obstruction due to colon cancer, abdominal hernias or incarcerated postsurgical hernias, are nearly always resolved by conventional surgery, that is, an open approach due to limited intraabdominal cavity space or due to the vulnerability of the bowel. These technical problems have been solved in many diseases, such as for perforated peptic ulcer or acute appendectomy for which a laparoscopic approach has become a well-known and globally supported procedure. On the other hand, endoscopic procedures have acquired further indications, relegating surgical solutions to a second place; this happens in cholangitis or pancreatic abscess drainage. This endoluminal approach avoids the need for laparoscopic development in these diseases. Nevertheless, new instruments and new technologies could extend the laparoscopic approach to a broader array of potentials procedures. There remains, however, a long way to go. PMID:26973409

  17. SIMPLIFIED LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY WITH TWO INCISIONS

    PubMed Central

    ABAID, Rafael Antoniazzi; CECCONELLO, Ivan; ZILBERSTEIN, Bruno

    2014-01-01

    Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has traditionally been performed with four incisions to insert four trocars, in a simple, efficient and safe way. Aim To describe a simplified technique of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with two incisions, using basic conventional instrumental. Technique In one incision in the umbilicus are applied two trocars and in epigastrium one more. The use of two trocars on the same incision, working in "x" does not hinder the procedure and does not require special instruments. Conclusion Simplified laparoscopic cholecystectomy with two incisions is feasible and easy to perform, allowing to operate with ergonomy and safety, with good cosmetic result. PMID:25004296

  18. Safe endobag morcellation in a single-port laparoscopy subtotal hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Angioni, Stefano; Pontis, Alessandro; Multinu, Angelo; Melis, Gianbenedetto

    2016-04-01

    Recently, the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published an alert about the risks of uterine tissue morcellation during laparoscopic procedures. In particular, the possible risk of spreading an undiagnosed malignant tumor was emphasized. From then on, a fervent debate in the media has led major scientific societies to express their position on the matter. We present a safe endobag abdominal morcellation in a single port-access laparoscopy subtotal hysterectomy. The endobag abdominal morcellation is feasible and safe; consequently, the development of devices dedicated to intracavitary morcellation in a closed system has been encouraged. PMID:26902985

  19. The history of radical hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Dursun, Polat; Gultekin, Murat; Ayhan, Ali

    2011-07-01

    Carcinoma of the uterine cervix provides one of the few examples in medical history of a method of treatment that was once discarded by most of the medical profession and was later reclaimed. In addition, radical hysterectomy (RH) competed with radical vaginal hysterectomy during the early history of RH. The primitive form of RH was first described by Clark and Reis in 1895. Radical hysterectomy was then described in detail and performed by Wertheim, more than 100 years ago. Afterward, RH was abandoned for the treatment of carcinomas because of the use of radiotherapy; however, RH was then modified and repopularized by Meigs in the 1950s. The surgical principles of this operation have undergone only minor modifications throughout the years and remained the basis of the surgical approach used by gynecologic oncologists today. The history of the treatment of cervical carcinoma and the history of RH are unique in medicine. Because of the efforts of the surgeons and scientists, cervical carcinoma has become rarer, and its mortality rate has decreased, although it is still common in undeveloped countries. The history of the treatment of cervical carcinoma includes 3 Nobel Prize winners and 1 Nobel Prize nominee. We therefore think that knowledge of the historical development of this filed will inspire and contribute to the education of future generations. In this article, the historical development of the surgical treatment of cervical carcinoma, the contributors to this surgical procedure, and the pioneers of the surgical and medical treatment of cervical carcinoma are summarized; pictures and illustrations are also provided. Our aim was to inform the gynecologic oncology community about the pioneers that devoted their professional lives to develop of these techniques. PMID:21427603

  20. Acute Cholecystitis: Video-Laparoscopic Versus Traditional Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Ázaro Filho, Euler M.; Galvão-Neto, Manoel P.; Fortes, Marcos F.; Souza, Elias L.Q.; Alcântara, Rogério S.M; Ettinger, João E.M.T.M.; Regis, Adrian B.; Sousa, Manoela M.; do Carmo, Vinício M.; Santana, Pedro A.; Fahel, Edvaldo

    2001-01-01

    It has been shown that a video-laparoscopic approach is the preferred method for treatment of cholecystitis. However, when we consider acute cholecystitis, many questions must be answered. The aim of this study is to compare video-laparoscopic and conventional surgery in the management of acute cholecystitis. PMID:11394429

  1. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: experience in a district general hospital.

    PubMed Central

    Kirk, S. J.; Kelly, S. B.; Aly, S. A.; Sharma, V. K.; Bateson, P. G.; Panesar, K. J.

    1992-01-01

    In many centres laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the procedure of choice for symptomatic gallbladder stones. By comparison with conventional cholecystectomy it appears to be associated with minimal morbidity, shorter hospital stay, earlier return to work and a better cosmetic result. The present study reviews the results of the first 50 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed at Altnagelvin Area Hospital. PMID:1535742

  2. Randomised Controlled Trial of Day-Case Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy vs Routine Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Sanjay; Ali, Shadan; Ahmad, Shabi; Meena, Kusum; Chandola, H C

    2015-12-01

    Many randomised controlled trials conducted worldwide favours for day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but questions have been raised regarding its application in developing country like ours. Hence, considering it a high time to review current practices, we conducted this trial to report our experience with day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to access its feasibility and safety in our set-up. Data from 65 patients with symptomatic gallstone were randomised to perform laparoscopic cholecystectomy either as day-case procedure or as routine (conventional) procedure. Complication, quality of life, satisfaction, post-operative nausea and vomiting and pain were assessed. Ninety-seven per cent (31/32) of day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients were successfully discharged with mean duration of 8.9??4.54h, which was 3.33??1.45days (72.92??34.8h) in routine (conventional) laparoscopic cholecystectomy group. There was no significant difference in complication, quality of life, satisfaction, post-operative nausea and vomiting and pain between the two groups. Day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe, feasible and beneficial procedure in our set-up. Patient acceptance in terms of quality of life and satisfaction was similar to that of routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:26730057

  3. Laparoscopic treatment of genitourinary fistulae.

    PubMed

    Garza Corts, Roberto; Clavijo, Rafael; Sotelo, Rene

    2012-09-01

    We present the laparoscopic management of genitourinary fistulae, mainly five types of fistulae, vesicovaginal, ureterovaginal, vesicouterine, rectourethral and rectovesical fistula. Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is mostly secondary to urogynecologic procedures in developed countries, abdominal hysterectomy being the main cause of this condition; they represent 84.9% of the genitourinary fistulae (1).Management has been described for this type of fistula, where low success rate (7-12%) has been reported. Ureterovaginal fistulas may occur following pelvic surgery, particularly gynecological procedures, or as a result of vaginal foreign bodies or stone fragments after shock wave lithotripsy, patients typically present with global and persistent urine leakage through the vagina, this causes patient discomfort, distress, and typically protection is used to stay dry, the initial management is often conservative but typically fails. Vesicouterine fistula is a rare condition that only occurs in 1 to 4% of genitourinary fistulas, the primary cause is low segment cesareansection, and clinically presents in three different forms, which will be described. Treatment of this type of fistulae has been conservative,with hormone therapy and surgery, depending on the presenting symptoms. Recto-urinary (rectovesical and rectourethral) fistulae (RUF) are uncommon and can be difficult to manage clinically. Although they may develop in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and perirectal abscesses, rectourethral fistula frequently result as an iatrogenic complication of extirpative or ablative prostate procedures. Rectovesical fistula usually develops following radical prostatectomy, and occurs along the vesicourethral anastomotic line or along the suture line of a posterior "racquet-handle" closure of the bladder. Conservative management consisting of urinary diversion, broad-spectrum antibiotics and parenteral nutrition is often initially attempted but these measures often fail. Timing of repair is often individualized mainly according to the etiology, delay of diagnosis, size of fistula, the first or subsequent repairs, and the general condition of the patient. Different surgical techniques for the management of RUF have been reported. Encouraged by our experience in minimally invasive surgery we present the laparoscopic approach. PMID:22971761

  4. The Role of Hysteroscopic and Robot-assisted Laparoscopic Myomectomy in the Setting of Infertility.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Erin I; Gargiulo, Antonio R

    2016-03-01

    Fibroids, the most common gynecologic condition in women of reproductive age, have traditionally been treated with hysterectomy. As more women delay childbearing, myomectomy becomes an essential component of the gynecologist's armamentarium. Minimally invasive approaches to myomectomy have been shown to decrease morbidity and reduce care-related costs, while improving reproductive outcomes. Hysteroscopic myomectomy is a reproducible and easily learned technique for the treatment of submucosal fibroids. Robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy overcomes most of the technical challenges of laparoscopic myomectomy for intramural and subserosal fibroids. The combined adoption of these technologies will allow more patients with fibroids to benefit from a minimally invasive approach. PMID:26630075

  5. Recent results of laparoscopic surgery in inflammatory bowel disease

    PubMed Central

    Kessler, Hermann; Mudter, Jonas; Hohenberger, Werner

    2011-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel diseases are an ideal indication for the laparoscopic surgical approach as they are basically benign diseases not requiring lymphadenectomy and extended mesenteric excision; well-established surgical procedures are available for the conventional approach. Inflammatory alterations and fragility of the bowel and mesentery, however, may demand a high level of laparoscopic experience. A broad spectrum of operations from the rather easy enterostomy formation for anal Crohns disease (CD) to restorative proctocolectomies for ulcerative colitis (UC) may be managed laparoscopically. The current evidence base for the use of laparoscopic techniques in the surgical therapy of inflammatory bowel diseases is presented. CD limited to the terminal ileum has become a common indication for laparoscopic surgical therapy. In severe anal CD, laparoscopic stoma formation is a standard procedure with low morbidity and short operative time. Studies comparing conventional and laparoscopic bowel resections, have found shorter times to first postoperative bowel movements and shorter hospital stays as well as lower complication rates in favour of the laparoscopic approach. Even complicated cases with previous surgery, abscess formation and enteric fistulas may be operated on laparoscopically with a low morbidity. In UC, restorative proctocolectomy is the standard procedure in elective surgery. The demanding laparoscopic approach is increasingly used, however, mainly in major centers; its feasibility has been proven in various studies. An increased body mass index and acute inflammation of the bowel may be relative contraindications. Short and long-term outcomes like quality of life seem to be equivalent for open and laparoscopic surgery. Multiple studies have proven that the laparoscopic approach to CD and UC is a safe and successful alternative for selected patients. The appropriate selection criteria are still under investigation. Technical considerations are playing an important role for the complexity of both diseases. PMID:21448415

  6. Expanding Patient Options: Minilaparotomy for Hysterectomy

    MedlinePLUS

    Expanding Patient Options: Minilaparotomy for Hysterectomy Covidien Energy Based Devices Concord, California May 26, 2010 Welcome to this OR Live program presented by Covidien energy-based devices. Good evening, and thank ...

  7. Hysterectomy - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus

    MedlinePLUS

    ... XYZ List of All Topics All Hysterectomy - Multiple Languages To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Arabic (???????) Chinese - Simplified (????) Chinese - Traditional (????) French (franais) Hindi (??????) Korean (???) Portuguese (portugus) Russian (???????) Somali (af Soomaali) ...

  8. A Comparison Between Non-Descent Vaginal Hysterectomy and Total Abdominal Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Dibyajyoti, Gharphalia

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Hysterectomy is one of the most common gyneacological surgeries performed worldwide. The vaginal technique has been introduced and performed centuries back, but has been less successful due to lack of experience and enthusiasm among Gynaecologists, due to a misconception that the abdominal route is safer and easier. Aim To evaluate the most efficient route of hysterectomy in women with mobile nonprolapsed uteri of 12 weeks or lesser by comparing the intra and postoperative complications of vaginal and abdominal hysterectomies. Materials and Methods A prospective, randomized controlled trial was performed wherein, 300 consecutive patients requiring hysterectomy for benign diseases were analysed over a period of 2 years (December 2012–November 2014). Group A (n = 150) underwent vaginal hysterectomy (non descent vaginal hysterectomy, NDVH) which was compared with group B (n = 150) who had abdominal hysterectomy. The primary outcome measures were operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative analgesia, hospital stay, postoperative mobility, blood transfusion, wound infection, febrile morbidity and postoperative systemic infections. Secondary outcome measures were conversion of vaginal to abdominal route and re-laparotomy. Results Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. There were no intraoperative complications in either group. Regarding operation duration, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative pain, postoperative blood transfusion, mobilization in post operative ward, postoperative wound infection, febrile morbidity, duration of hospital stay, p-value was significant in vaginal hysterectomy compared to abdominal hysterectomy. Regarding postoperative systemic infections, p-value was not significant. None of the cases in the vaginal group were converted to abdominal route and none of the cases in the whole study group underwent re-laparotomy. Conclusion The present study concludes that patients requiring hysterectomy for benign non prolapse cases may be offered the option of vaginal hysterectomy which has quicker recovery, shorter hospitalization, lesser operative and postoperative morbidity compared to abdominal route. PMID:26894127

  9. Single-port versus conventional multiport access prophylactic laparoscopic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in high-risk patients for ovarian cancer: a comparison of surgical outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Angioni, Stefano; Pontis, Alessandro; Sedda, Federica; Zampetoglou, Theodoros; Cela, Vito; Mereu, Liliana; Litta, Pietro

    2015-01-01

    Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) in carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations is widely recommended as part of a risk-reduction strategy for ovarian or breast cancer due to an underlying genetic predisposition. BSO is also performed as a therapeutic intervention for patients with hormone-positive premenopausal breast cancer. BSO may be performed via a minimally invasive approach with the use of three to four 5 mm and/or 12 mm ports inserted through a skin incision. To further reduce the morbidity associated with the placement of multiple port sites and to improve cosmetic outcomes, single-port laparoscopy has been developed with a single access point from the umbilicus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes associated with reducing the risks of salpingo-oophorectomy performed in a single port, while comparing multiport laparoscopy in women with a high risk for ovarian cancer. Single-port laparoscopyBSO is feasible and safe, with favorable surgical and cosmetic outcomes when compared to conventional laparoscopy. PMID:26170692

  10. Laparoscopic repair of recurrent lateral enterocele and rectocele.

    PubMed

    Solomon, Ellen R; Muffly, Tyler M; Hull, Tracy; Paraiso, Marie Fidela R

    2015-01-01

    It is difficult to determine what types of procedures should be attempted in patients who have recurrent prolapse. We present a case of recurrent lateral enterocele and rectocele after the patient had undergone multiple surgeries for pelvic organ prolapse (POP), including a vaginal hysterectomy, bladder-neck suspension, anterior colporrhaphy, site-specific rectocele repair, apical mesh implant, iliococcygeus vault suspension, and transobturator suburethral sling procedure. With recurrence, the patient underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic sacral colpopexy, tension-free vaginal tape transobturator sling insertion, rectocele repair, and perineorrhaphy with cystoscopy. She then presented with defecatory outlet obstruction and constipation and subsequently was treated with a stapled transanal rectal resection. The patient returned with continued defecatory dysfunction and a recurrent lateral enterocele and rectocele. The recurrence was treated laparoscopically using a lightweight polypropylene mesh. The postoperative period was uneventful. Two years later, the patient reported decreased defecatory symptoms and no further symptomatic prolapse. PMID:25224146

  11. Hysterectomy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... made in either your abdomen or your vagina. Robotic surgery. Your doctor guides a robotic arm to ... made in either your abdomen or your vagina. Robotic surgery. Your doctor guides a robotic arm to ...

  12. [Robotic assisted laparoscopic colposacropexy in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse].

    PubMed

    Moreno Sierra, Jesús; Galante Romo, Isabel; Ortiz Oshiro, Elena; Núñez Mora, Carlos; Silmi Moyano, Angel

    2007-05-01

    Laparoscopic colposacropexy has become a substitute for open surgery in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. In the same way, robotic assisted surgery is a new step in the evolution of the procedure. In this paper we intend to show our surgical technique and preliminary results. From November 2006 to date, 10 patients have undergone this procedure at the Hospital Clinico San Carlos. The main indication for the operation was existence of symptomatic pelvic prolapse. Both patients with or without hysterectomy have been operated, without making significant differences between them. Preoperative evaluation workout included: cystogram, urinary tract ultrasound and urodynamics in all cases; urinary tract MRI was performed only in selected cases. All patients underwent surgery under general anesthesia, with at least three robotic trocars (8 mm) and one conventional trocar for the assistant; 2 accessory trocars were necessary in some cases, mainly at the beginning of the series. Most procedures in our series were associated with a transobturator suburethral sling for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence or prevention of its appearance after prolapse repair. Our results are comparable to those reported in other larger series in terms of operative time, hospital stay and early or late complications. Pending an evaluation on the long term with larger series, we can include robot assisted colposacropexy among the therapeutic options for symptomatic pelvic floor prolapse repair. PMID:17626540

  13. Laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic digestive surgery: Present and future directions

    PubMed Central

    Rodríguez-Sanjuán, Juan C; Gómez-Ruiz, Marcos; Trugeda-Carrera, Soledad; Manuel-Palazuelos, Carlos; López-Useros, Antonio; Gómez-Fleitas, Manuel

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is applied today worldwide to most digestive procedures. In some of them, such as cholecystectomy, Nissen’s fundoplication or obesity surgery, laparoscopy has become the standard in practice. In others, such as colon or gastric resection, the laparoscopic approach is frequently used and its usefulness is unquestionable. More complex procedures, such as esophageal, liver or pancreatic resections are, however, more infrequently performed, due to the high grade of skill necessary. As a result, there is less clinical evidence to support its implementation. In the recent years, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery has been increasingly applied, again with little evidence for comparison with the conventional laparoscopic approach. This review will focus on the complex digestive procedures as well as those whose use in standard practice could be more controversial. Also novel robot-assisted procedures will be updated. PMID:26877605

  14. Laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic digestive surgery: Present and future directions.

    PubMed

    Rodrguez-Sanjun, Juan C; Gmez-Ruiz, Marcos; Trugeda-Carrera, Soledad; Manuel-Palazuelos, Carlos; Lpez-Useros, Antonio; Gmez-Fleitas, Manuel

    2016-02-14

    Laparoscopic surgery is applied today worldwide to most digestive procedures. In some of them, such as cholecystectomy, Nissen's fundoplication or obesity surgery, laparoscopy has become the standard in practice. In others, such as colon or gastric resection, the laparoscopic approach is frequently used and its usefulness is unquestionable. More complex procedures, such as esophageal, liver or pancreatic resections are, however, more infrequently performed, due to the high grade of skill necessary. As a result, there is less clinical evidence to support its implementation. In the recent years, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery has been increasingly applied, again with little evidence for comparison with the conventional laparoscopic approach. This review will focus on the complex digestive procedures as well as those whose use in standard practice could be more controversial. Also novel robot-assisted procedures will be updated. PMID:26877605

  15. [Evolution of peripartal hysterectomy at our department - five years evaluations].

    PubMed

    Plov, E; Ma?ov, A; Hammerov, L; Redecha, M

    2014-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency, indications, complications and risk factors associated with peripartum hysterectomy carried out at our clinical department between 1st January 2008 and 31th December 2012. Peripartum hysterectomy was defined as a hysterectomy performed less than 48 hours after delivery. Clinical characteristic and obstetric histories were retrospectively reviewed between 5 years. There were 20 emergency peripartum hysterectomies among 13 660 deliveries at our department. The overall rate of peripartum hysterectomy was 1,46 per 1000 deliveries. The primary indications for hysterectomy were uncontrolled bleeding caused by uterine hypotony (45%), followed by placenta praevia (25%). Other indications were placental abruption (15%), pelvic endometriosis (5%), placenta increta (5%) and uterus myomatosus (5 %). The incidence of peripartum hysterectomy increased 2-fold in cases of placental patology, and 17-fold in cases of uterine hypotony. Overall, 95% of hysterectomy patients required transfusions. PMID:25054951

  16. Ergonomics in laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Supe, Avinash N; Kulkarni, Gaurav V; Supe, Pradnya A

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery provides patients with less painful surgery but is more demanding for the surgeon. The increased technological complexity and sometimes poorly adapted equipment have led to increased complaints of surgeon fatigue and discomfort during laparoscopic surgery. Ergonomic integration and suitable laparoscopic operating room environment are essential to improve efficiency, safety, and comfort for the operating team. Understanding ergonomics can not only make life of surgeon comfortable in the operating room but also reduce physical strains on surgeon. PMID:20814508

  17. Laparoscopic transthoracic liver resection

    PubMed Central

    KRGER, Jaime Arthur Pirola; COELHO, Fabrcio Ferreira; PERINI, Marcos Vincius; HERMAN, Paulo

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Minimally invasive laparoscopic liver surgery is being performed with increased frequency. Lesions located on the anterior and lateral liver segments are easier to approach through laparoscopy. On the other hand, laparoscopic access to posterior and superior segments is less frequent and technically demanding. Aim Technical description for laparoscopic transthoracic access employed on hepatic wedge resection. Technique Laparoscopic transthoracic hepatic wedge resection on segment 8. Conclusion Transthoracic approach allows access to the posterior and superior segments of the liver, and should be considered for oddly located tumors and in patients with numerous previous abdominal interventions. PMID:25626941

  18. Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Nerve-Sparing Radical Hysterectomy for Cervical Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Long, Ying; Yao, De-sheng; Pan, Xin-wei; Ou, Ting-yu

    2014-01-01

    Backgroud and Objective Nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (NSRH) may be associated with lower postoperative morbidity than radical hysterectomy (RH). We aimed to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of abdominal or laparoscopic NSRH and RH for treating cervical cancer through systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were systematically searched for all relevant studies. Data were abstracted independently by two reviewers. A meta-analysis was performed to compare intra- and postoperative outcomes for the two techniques. Results A total of 17 clinical trials were identified. Meta-analysis showed that although operating time was significantly longer for abdominal or laparoscopic NSRH than for RH, NSRH based on laparotomy or laparoscopy proved more effective for postoperative recovery of bladder function. NSRH was also associated with lower bladder dysfunction morbidity and fewer postoperative complications. Two abdominal trials and one laparoscopic study further suggested that NSRH was associated with shorter time to recovery of anal/rectal function. In contrast, RH and NSRH based on laparotomy or laparoscopy were similar in terms of extent of resection, recurrence rate, survival rate, blood loss and frequency of intraoperative complications. The meta-analysis showed that abdominal NSRH was not significantly different from RH in length of hospital stay, while one trial suggested that length of hospital stay was shorter after laparoscopic NSRH than after the corresponding RH. Conclusion NSRH may be a reliable technique for treating early cervical cancer. Available evidence suggests that it is better than RH for postoperative recovery of pelvic organ function and postoperative morbidity, while the two techniques involve similar clinical safety and extent of resection. These results should be considered preliminary since they are based on a relatively small number of controlled trials, most of which were non-randomized. The findings should be verified in larger, well-designed studies. PMID:24748015

  19. Endoluminal release of ureteral ligature after hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Wang, Chih-Jen; Lin, Victor Chia-Hsiang; Huang, Ching-Yu

    2016-01-01

    Iatrogenic ureteral injury is a well-recognized complication of abdominal total hysterectomy. We report a case of a 57-year-old female who underwent abdominal total hysterectomy for a uterine myoma and experienced severe right flank pain postoperatively. The imaging study displayed an obstruction of the right distal ureter. Under ureteroscopy, an extraluminal ligature was released with a holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser. The stenotic segment was immediately relieved. Two months later, the intravenous urogram illustrated patency of the distal ureter with regression of right hydronephrosis. There was no recurrent hydronephrosis during 1 year of follow-up. PMID:25241286

  20. Robot assisted laparoscopic (RAL) gastrectomy: case series and a review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Alimo?lu, Orhan; Atak, ?brahim; Eren, Tun; K?l?, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer type and is the second leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The contemporary treatment is gastrectomy and lymphadenectomy, which can be accomplished by either conventional (open), or laparoscopic surgery. With the advances in technology, there is a paradigm shift from conventional laparoscopy. As a result, single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), and robot assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) have evolved as new treatment options for minimal invasive surgery. Herein five patients who were treated via robot assisted laparoscopic gastrectomy were reported together with review of the literature. PMID:25931874

  1. Robotic single-site combined cholecystectomy and hysterectomy: Advantages and limits

    PubMed Central

    Pluchino, Nicola; Buchs, Nicolas C.; Drakopoulos, Panagiotis; Wenger, Jean Marie; Morel, Philippe; Dllenbach, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Robotic single-site surgery (RSS) represents the latest innovation for clinical use of single incision surgery. Several applications have been reported in urology, general surgery and gynecology with potential application in benign cases as well as in oncology. PRESENTATION OF CASE To further explore potential applications of RSS, we present the first case reported in the literature of combined cholecystectomy and total hysterectomy using the da Vinci Si single-port platform (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA). DISCUSSION A critical description of the procedure with potential advantages and limitations of the current platform for combined surgical procedure is provided. CONCLUSION Robotics may facilitate the widespread diffusion of single incision surgery, overcoming current laparoscopic and LESS limitations. However, the available robotic platform still has technical features that will limit its uptake amongst surgeons and further technological development is needed for a wider diffusion of single incision surgery. PMID:25460464

  2. Prelabor uterine rupture after laparoscopic repair of uterine perforation.

    PubMed

    Tischner, Ilke; Tan, Toh L; Uchil, Dhiraj; Brown, Richard N

    2010-01-01

    Uterine rupture is an established risk of previous uterine trauma. Conventionally this has been considered most likely following prior classical or midline hysterotomies at cesarean section or subsequent to abdominal myomectomy in which the uterine cavity was breached. Although there are reports of such cases after laparoscopic procedures such as myomectomy the incidence is believed to be very small. We present an extreme case of uterine rupture at 27 weeks with a previous laparoscopically repaired uterine perforation. PMID:20226423

  3. Environmental Impacts of Surgical Procedures: Life Cycle Assessment of Hysterectomy in the United States

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    The healthcare sector is a driver of economic growth in the U.S., with spending on healthcare in 2012 reaching $2.8 trillion, or 17% of the U.S. gross domestic product, but it is also a significant source of emissions that adversely impact environmental and public health. The current state of the healthcare industry offers significant opportunities for environmental efficiency improvements, potentially leading to reductions in costs, resource use, and waste without compromising patient care. However, limited research exists that can provide quantitative, sustainable solutions. The operating room is the most resource-intensive area of a hospital, and surgery is therefore an important focal point to understand healthcare-related emissions. Hybrid life cycle assessment (LCA) was used to quantify environmental emissions from four different surgical approaches (abdominal, vaginal, laparoscopic, and robotic) used in the second most common major procedure for women in the U.S., the hysterectomy. Data were collected from 62 cases of hysterectomy. Life cycle assessment results show that major sources of environmental emissions include the production of disposable materials and single-use surgical devices, energy used for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, and anesthetic gases. By scientifically evaluating emissions, the healthcare industry can strategically optimize its transition to a more sustainable system. PMID:25517602

  4. Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication.

    PubMed Central

    Jamieson, G G; Watson, D I; Britten-Jones, R; Mitchell, P C; Anvari, M

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors laparoscopic approach for a Nissen fundoplication is presented. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The technique has been undertaken in 155 patients over 29 months, with 137 patients having been observed for more than 3 months. METHODS: Three hundred sixty degree fundoplication was undertaken using three or four sutures to secure the wrap. Short gastric vessels were not divided, and the anterior wall of the stomach was used to construct the wrap around the esophagus with a large bougie in position. RESULTS: The operation was not completed laparoscopically in 19 patients because a satisfactory wrap could not be achieved. Ten patients undergoing laparoscopic fundoplication underwent a subsequent operation related to the laparoscopic procedure within 6 months, and there was one postoperative death. Seven other patients were readmitted to the hospital several days subsequent to their discharge, four because of pulmonary emboli. Of 137 patients who have been observed for more than 3 months, 133 patients are well and currently are free from reflux symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: In uncomplicated cases, laparoscopic fundoplication has similar advantages to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In spite of the fact that it has not yet achieved the overall usefulness of open fundoplication, it seems likely that laparoscopic fundoplication will be used increasingly in the treatment of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Images Figure 7. Figure 8. PMID:8053735

  5. [Laparoscopic principles of robotic surgery].

    PubMed

    Castillo, Octavio A; Snchez-Salas, Rafael

    2007-05-01

    The evolution of surgical therapy has been vertiginous, from the classical principles of open surgery to laparoscopy and currently to robotic surgery, in which the principles of robotic engineering have been successfully applied to the surgeon's daily work. The development of minimally invasive surgery, initially led by conventional laparoscopy, was a fertile field for the development of surgical techniques with the robot. The use of automatized systems for surgery is not as new as one could think, but the robots today participating in the main operative rooms worldwide are an example of the newest and most advanced available technology. Urology has become the leading surgical speciality in the application of technologies for diagnosis and treatment of its diseases, and robotic surgery is not an exception. We present our vision about the state of the art in automatized surgery, in the setting of its close relationship with conventional laparoscopic surgery, which originated it. PMID:17626527

  6. Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair Surgery Patient Information from SAGES Download PDF Version Find a SAGES Surgeon About ... 2016 Meeting Information Healthy Sooner: Patient Information Contact SAGES Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons 11300 ...

  7. Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Login Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair Patient Information from SAGES Download PDF Version Find a SAGES Surgeon Approximately ... 2016 Meeting Information Healthy Sooner: Patient Information Contact SAGES Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons 11300 ...

  8. Laparoscopic Colon Resection

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Login Laparoscopic Colon Resection Surgery Patient Information from SAGES Download PDF Version Find a SAGES Surgeon About ... 2016 Meeting Information Healthy Sooner: Patient Information Contact SAGES Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons 11300 ...

  9. Laparoscopic Spleen Removal (Splenectomy)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Login Laparoscopic Spleen Removal (Splenectomy) Patient Information from SAGES Download PDF Version Find a SAGES Surgeon What ... 2016 Meeting Information Healthy Sooner: Patient Information Contact SAGES Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons 11300 ...

  10. Gallbladder removal - laparoscopic - discharge

    MedlinePLUS

    ... laparoscopic cholecystectomy will take about 1 to 3 weeks for most people. You may have some of ... pain should ease over several days to a week. A sore throat from the breathing tube. Sucking ...

  11. Unexpected premalignant gynecological lesions in women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy for utero-vaginal prolapse

    PubMed Central

    Elbiaa, Assem A.M.; Farghali, Mohamed M.; Hussain, M.; Omu, A.E.

    2015-01-01

    Aim of the study Aim of the study was to estimate the incidence of unexpected premalignant gynecological lesions in women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy for utero-vaginal prolapse. Material and methods Eighty women with asymptomatic utero-vaginal prolapse were included in this prospective study for vaginal hysterectomy after preoperative preparation and after written informed consent. Women included in this study were screened preoperatively by high vaginal swab, Pap smear, endometrial biopsy and trans-vaginal ultrasound. Surgically removed uteri and ovaries were sent for histopathological examination. Results of histopathological examination as gold standard were compared with conventional gynecological screening methods. Results Histopathological examination of surgically removed uteri and ovaries after vaginal hysterectomy for uterovaginal prolapse showed abnormal findings in 61.25% (49/80) of studied cases (10 chronic cervicitis; 20 cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia-1 [CIN-1]; 5 CIN-2; 2 CIN-3; 10 simple endometrial hyperplasia without atypia and 2 simple serous ovarian cyst). Also, histopathological examination showed premalignant changes in 33.75% (27/80) of studied cases (20 CIN-1; 5 CIN-2 and 2 CIN-3), which mean 50% sensitivity of pre-operative Pap smear to detect premalignant cervical changes. Conclusions Asymptomatic women with utero-vaginal prolapse may have associated premalignant lesions which may not be detected by conventional screening methods, and this should be explained preoperatively for women undergoing surgery, especially if conservative management was considered. PMID:26528108

  12. Pancreatic insulinomas: Laparoscopic management

    PubMed Central

    Antonakis, Pantelis T; Ashrafian, Hutan; Martinez-Isla, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    Insulinomas are rare pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors that are most commonly benign, solitary, and intrapancreatic. Uncontrolled insulin overproduction from the tumor produces neurological and adrenergic symptoms of hypoglycemia. Biochemical diagnosis is confirmed by the presence of Whipples triad, along with corroborating measurements of blood glucose, insulin, proinsulin, C-peptide, ?-hydroxybutyrate, and negative tests for hypoglycemic agents during a supervised fasting period. This is accompanied by accurate preoperative localization using both invasive and non-invasive imaging modalities. Following this, careful preoperative planning is required, with the ensuing procedure being preferably carried out laparoscopically. An integral part of the laparoscopic approach is the application of laparoscopic intraoperative ultrasound, which is indispensable for accurate intraoperative localization of the lesion in the pancreatic region. The extent of laparoscopic resection is dependent on preoperative and intraoperative findings, but most commonly involves tumor enucleation or distal pancreatectomy. When performed in an experienced surgical unit, laparoscopic resection is associated with minimal mortality and excellent long-term cure rates. Furthermore, this approach confers equivalent safety and efficacy rates to open resection, while improving cosmesis and reducing hospital stay. As such, laparoscopic resection should be considered in all cases of benign insulinoma where adequate surgical expertise is available. PMID:26566426

  13. [Nephrectomy - pro laparoscopic].

    PubMed

    Hoda, M R; Fornara, P

    2012-05-01

    Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) is considered as a standard of care for T2 renal masses and T1 tumors not treatable by nephron-sparing surgery. It can be performed transperitoneally, retroperitoneoscopic or hand-assisted. However, the morbidity after laparoscopic nephrectomy has been shown to be lower than the open procedure and patients seem to benefit from early mobilization, less pain medication, shorter hospital stays and an earlier return to normal daily activities. Furthermore, the extent of perioperative activation of the systemic stress response appears to be less during laparoscopic procedures. This has been shown to have evidently beneficial clinical impact on patient's recovery; however, its importance for the oncologic prognosis is somewhat unclear. In addition, the progression-free and overall tumor-specific survival rates for laparoscopic nephrectomy are equivalent to those for open surgery. The experiences with robot-assistance for laparoscopic nephrectomy reported so far show no significant advantages over traditional laparoscopic nephrectomy. However, the problem of high costs of acquisition and operation of robots still remains unsolved. For the future, prospective studies are needed in order to compare the functional and oncological outcomes and cost-effectiveness of different methods of radical nephrectomy. PMID:22526177

  14. Outcomes of total versus subtotal abdominal hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Asnafi, N; Basirat, Z; Hajian-Tilaki, K O

    2010-02-01

    There is still controversy about the best technique for hysterectomy to reduce postoperative adverse effects. This randomized clinical study in Babol, Islamic Republic of Iran, compared some clinical complications and sexual functioning following subtotal (SAH) and total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH). A total of 150 women (50 allocated to SAH and 100 to TAH) were followed up at 6 months postoperatively. Length of hospitalization was 4.40 (SD 1.90) days after SAH and 4.48 (SD 1.67) days after TAH. Haemoglobin level, postoperative fever, symptoms of dyspareunia and frequency of sexual intercourse were not significantly different between the 2 groups of women. SAH did not show any significant benefits over TAH. PMID:20799571

  15. Laparoscopic Repair of Left Lumbar Hernia After Laparoscopic Left Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Milone, Luca; Gumbs, Andrew; Turner, Patricia

    2010-01-01

    Lumbar hernias, rarely seen in clinical practice, can be acquired after open or laparoscopic flank surgery. We describe a successful laparoscopic preperitoneal mesh repair of multiple trocar-site hernias after extraperitoneal nephrectomy. All the key steps including creating a peritoneal flap, reducing the hernia contents, and fixation of the mesh are described. A review of the literature on this infrequent operation is presented. Laparoscopic repair of lumbar hernias has all the advantages of laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. PMID:21333197

  16. Transumbilical pure single-port laparoscopic donor nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Joo Mee; Jeong, Won Jun; Choi, Byung Jo; Yuk, Seung Mo; Hwang, Jeong Kye

    2015-01-01

    Transumbilical single-port laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (SPLDN) is a novel, rapidly evolving, minimally invasive treatment modality for kidney transplantation. This method causes minimal parietal injury, has cosmetic advantages, and allows rapid recovery because of low postoperative pain and short hospital stay. Like other abdominal surgeries, when conducted by experienced laparoscopic surgeons, it can meet the same graft requirements as conventional laparoscopic surgery. Here, we report the first two cases of transumbilical SPLDN at Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea. We used the umbilicus as a common path for laparoscopic procedures and as a route for specimen retrieval. The operating times were 230 and 265 minutes in cases 1 and 2, respectively. No intra- or postoperative complications were noted. In case 1, the wound length was 4 cm and duration of hospitalization was 2 days. In case 2, the wound length was only 2.5 cm, and the duration of hospitalization was only 1 day. PMID:26576409

  17. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for patients who have had previous abdominal surgery.

    PubMed

    Miller, K; Hlbling, N; Hutter, J; Junger, W; Moritz, E; Speil, T

    1993-01-01

    This paper reports 121 laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LC) in patients who had had previous abdominal surgery between June 1990 and August 1992. There were 93 cases with lower abdominal scar (LS) and 28 with upper or umbilicus midline scar (US). For insertion of the laparoscope in the scarred abdomen we use the conventional laparoscopic approach (CLA), the peritoneum perforation under vision approach (PP), and the open laparoscopic approach (OLA). One hundred twenty scarred abdomens were completed successfully. Conversion to an open procedure was required in one case with previous LS, because of injury of the jejunum. One postoperative intraabdominal hematoma was noted and treated with percutaneous catheter drainage. No reoperation was required and no further complications were noted. Patients who had a previous laparotomy had no substantially longer operative time or postoperative hospital stay. Revealing a total complication rate of 1.6%, this study shows that previous abdominal surgery should no longer be considered a contraindication to LC. PMID:8211616

  18. Laparoscopic Splenectomy Coupled with Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Vecchio, Rosario; Marchese, Salvatore; La Corte, Francesco; Cacciola, Rossella Rosaria; Cacciola, Emma

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of laparoscopic surgery performed for coexisting spleen and gallbladder surgical diseases. Methods: Between May 2004 and October 2012, 12 patients underwent concomitant laparoscopic splenectomy and cholecystectomy. Indications for surgery included idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in 5 patients, hereditary spherocytosis in 4 patients, and thalassemia intermedia in 3 patients. Results: The mean operative time was 100 minutes (range, 80160 minutes), and the blood loss ranged from 0 to 150 mL (mean, 50 mL). The mean longitudinal diameter of the spleen was 14 cm. One patient required conversion to open procedure. An accessory spleen was detected and removed in one case. The mean length of hospital stay was 5 days. No deaths or other major intraoperative and/or postoperative complications occurred. Conclusion: Provided that the technique is performed by an experienced surgical team, concomitant laparoscopic splenectomy and cholecystectomy is a safe and feasible procedure and may be considered for coexisting spleen and gallbladder diseases. PMID:24960489

  19. Robotic-assisted Laparoscopic Management of Chemoresistant Myoinvasive Complete Molar Pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Riley, Kristin; Newell, Jordan; Zaino, Richard; Kesterson, Joshua

    2015-01-01

    Postmolar malignant conditions are rare after evacuation of a complete molar pregnancy. Both medical and surgical management have a role in the treatment of persistent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. Treatment decisions must account for the natural history of the disease, previous therapies, site of disease, and the patient's desire for uterine preservation. We report on a woman who presented with chemotherapy-refractory persistent gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). She was found to have isolated, persistent trophoblastic tissue within the uterine myometrium. She underwent a robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy with curative results. Minimally invasive surgical management may be an option for treatment of women with isolated myoinvasive GTD. PMID:26009277

  20. 42 CFR 50.207 - Sterilization by hysterectomy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Sterilization by hysterectomy. 50.207 Section 50.207 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted Family Planning Projects 50.207 Sterilization by hysterectomy. (a) Programs...

  1. 42 CFR 441.255 - Sterilization by hysterectomy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sterilization by hysterectomy. 441.255 Section 441.255 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Sterilizations 441.255 Sterilization by hysterectomy. (a) FFP is not available in expenditures for...

  2. 42 CFR 441.255 - Sterilization by hysterectomy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Sterilization by hysterectomy. 441.255 Section 441.255 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Sterilizations 441.255 Sterilization by hysterectomy. (a) FFP is not available in expenditures for...

  3. 42 CFR 441.255 - Sterilization by hysterectomy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Sterilization by hysterectomy. 441.255 Section 441.255 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Sterilizations 441.255 Sterilization by hysterectomy. (a) FFP is not available in expenditures for...

  4. 42 CFR 441.255 - Sterilization by hysterectomy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sterilization by hysterectomy. 441.255 Section 441.255 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Sterilizations § 441.255 Sterilization by hysterectomy. (a) FFP is not available in expenditures for...

  5. 42 CFR 50.207 - Sterilization by hysterectomy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sterilization by hysterectomy. 50.207 Section 50... GENERAL APPLICABILITY Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted Family Planning Projects § 50.207 Sterilization by hysterectomy. (a) Programs or projects to which this subpart applies shall not perform...

  6. 42 CFR 50.207 - Sterilization by hysterectomy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sterilization by hysterectomy. 50.207 Section 50... GENERAL APPLICABILITY Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted Family Planning Projects § 50.207 Sterilization by hysterectomy. (a) Programs or projects to which this subpart applies shall not perform...

  7. 42 CFR 441.255 - Sterilization by hysterectomy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sterilization by hysterectomy. 441.255 Section 441.255 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Sterilizations § 441.255 Sterilization by hysterectomy. (a) FFP is not available in expenditures for...

  8. Hysterectomy and kidney cancer risk: a meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Karami, Sara; Daugherty, Sarah E; Purdue, Mark P

    2014-01-15

    Recent cohort findings suggest that women who underwent a hysterectomy have an elevated relative risk of kidney cancer, although evidence from past studies has been inconsistent. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of published cohort and case-control studies to summarize the epidemiologic evidence investigating hysterectomy and kidney cancer. Studies published from 1950 through 2012 were identified through a search of PubMed and of references from relevant publications. Meta-analyses were conducted using random-effects models to estimate summary relative risks (SRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for hysterectomy, age at hysterectomy (<45, 45+ years) and time since hysterectomy (<10, 10+ years). The SRR for hysterectomy and kidney cancer for all published studies (seven cohort, six case-control) was 1.29 (95% CI, 1.16-1.43), with no evidence of between-study heterogeneity or publication bias. The summary effect was slightly weaker, although still significant, for cohorts (SRR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.11-1.42) compared with case-control findings (1.37; 95% CI, 1.09-1.73) and was observed irrespective of age at hysterectomy, time since the procedure and model adjustment for body mass index, smoking status and hypertension. Women undergoing a hysterectomy have an approximate 30% increased relative risk of subsequent kidney cancer. Additional research is needed to elucidate the biological mechanisms underlying this association. PMID:23818138

  9. Rhabdomyolysis After Laparoscopic Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Merriam, William G.; Trabulsi, Edouard J.; Byrne, Dolores; Gomella, Leonard

    2007-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Laparoscopic renal surgery has become a widely applied technique in recent years. The development of postoperative rhabdomyolysis is a known but rare complication of laparoscopic renal surgery. Herein, 4 cases of rhabdomyolysis and a review of the literature are presented with respect to pathogenesis, treatment, and prevention of this dire complication. Methods: A retrospective review of over 600 laparoscopic renal operations over the past 8 years was performed. All cases of postoperative rhabdomyolysis were identified. A Medline search was performed to find articles related to the development of postoperative rhabdomyolysis. Cases of rhabdomyolysis developing after laparoscopic renal surgery and common risk factors between cases were identified. Results: The incidence of postoperative rhabdomyolysis in our series is 0.67%. It is similar to the rate reported in other series. Male sex, high body mass index, prolonged operative times, and the lateral decubitus position are all risk factors in its development. Conclusion: The prevention and optimal management of postoperative rhabdomyolysis following laparoscopic renal surgery has yet to be defined. The risk factors we identified should be carefully addressed and minimized. A better understanding of the pathogenesis of rhabdomyolysis will also be a key component in its prevention. PMID:18237506

  10. Laparoscopic surgery in weightlessness

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Campbell, M. R.; Billica, R. D.; Jennings, R.; Johnston, S. 3rd

    1996-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Performing a surgical procedure in weightlessness has been shown not to be any more difficult than in a 1g environment if the requirements for the restraint of the patient, operator, and surgical hardware are observed. The feasibility of performing a laparoscopic surgical procedure in weightlessness, however, has been questionable. Concerns have included the impaired visualization from the lack of gravitational retraction of the bowel and from floating debris such as blood. METHODS: In this project, laparoscopic surgery was performed on a porcine animal model in the weightlessness of parabolic flight. RESULTS: Visualization was unaffected due to the tethering of the bowel by the elastic mesentery and the strong tendency for debris and blood to adhere to the abdominal wall due to surface tension forces. CONCLUSIONS: There are advantages to performing a laparoscopic instead of an open surgical procedure in a weightless environment. These will become important as the laparoscopic support hardware is miniaturized from its present form, as laparoscopic technology becomes more advanced, and as more surgically capable crew medical officers are present in future long-duration space-exploration missions.

  11. Simulation in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    León Ferrufino, Felipe; Varas Cohen, Julián; Buckel Schaffner, Erwin; Crovari Eulufi, Fernando; Pimentel Müller, Fernando; Martínez Castillo, Jorge; Jarufe Cassis, Nicolás; Boza Wilson, Camilo

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays surgical trainees are faced with a more reduced surgical practice, due to legal limitations and work hourly constraints. Also, currently surgeons are expected to dominate more complex techniques such as laparoscopy. Simulation emerges as a complementary learning tool in laparoscopic surgery, by training in a safe, controlled and standardized environment, without jeopardizing patient' safety. Simulation' objective is that the skills acquired should be transferred to the operating room, allowing reduction of learning curves. The use of simulation has increased worldwide, becoming an important tool in different surgical residency programs and laparoscopic training courses. For several countries, the approval of these training courses are a prerequisite for the acquisition of surgeon title certifications. This article reviews the most important aspects of simulation in laparoscopic surgery, including the most used simulators and training programs, as well as the learning methodologies and the different key ways to assess learning in simulation. PMID:25039039

  12. [Laparoscopic colon surgery].

    PubMed

    Waninger, Jrg

    2005-05-19

    Such a wealth of experience with the laparoscopic surgery has since been gained in specialized centers that laparoscopic colon surgery can now be recommended for the treatment of both benign and malignant diseases of the large bowel and rectum. Faster postoperative recovery, a shorter hospital stay and the presumably superior oncological results are not only patient-friendly, but also pass muster in terms of economics. In the future, there will be a greater concentration of such interventions in specialized centers, since only in such facilities can the required quality and further advances be expected. PMID:15957856

  13. Single-port laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid volvulus

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Byung Jo; Jeong, Won Jun; Kim, Say-June; Lee, Sang Chul

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To report our experience with single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) for sigmoid volvulus (SV). METHODS: Between October 2009 and April 2013, 10 patients underwent SPLS for SV. SPLS was performed transumbilically or through a predetermined stoma site. Conventional straight and rigid-type laparoscopic instruments were used. After intracorporeal, segmental resection of the affected sigmoid colon, the specimen was extracted through the single-incision site. Patient demographics and perioperative data were analyzed. RESULTS: SPLS for SV was successful in all 10 patients (4, resection and primary anastomosis; 6, Hartmanns procedure). The median operative time and postoperative hospitalization period were 168 (range, 85-315) min and 6.5 (range, 4-29) d, respectively. No intraoperative complications were noted; there were 2 postoperative complications, including 1 anastomotic leak. CONCLUSION: SPLS was a safe and feasible therapeutic approach for SV, when performed by a surgeon experienced in conventional laparoscopic surgery. PMID:25741145

  14. Complete laparoscopic resection of the rectum using natural orifice specimen extraction

    PubMed Central

    Hisada, Masayuki; Katsumata, Kenji; Ishizaki, Tetsuo; Enomoto, Masanobu; Matsudo, Takaaki; Kasuya, Kazuhiko; Tsuchida, Akihiko

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To investigate how complete laparoscopic anterior resection with natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE), as a novel minimally invasive surgery, compares to conventional laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent complete laparoscopic anterior resection with NOSE and 50 patients who underwent laparoscopic assisted anterior resection by the conventional method between 2011 and 2012 were studied. Selection for complete laparoscopic anterior resection with NOSE was decided on the basis of tumor size, localization of the tumor, and body mass index. Outcomes related to surgery, including operation time, postoperative wound pain, hospital stay after surgery, the number of totally dissected lymph nodes, postoperative complications (suture failure and wound infection), and anal function, were reviewed retrospectively. Anal function was assessed at 3 and 6 mo after surgery using the Wexner fecal incontinence scoring system. RESULTS: Complete laparoscopic resection with NOSE was performed to completion in all 20 patients. There was no patient emergency that required conversion to conventional laparoscopic surgery or open surgery. The comparison between complete laparoscopic resection with NOSE and conventional laparoscopic surgery showed no significant differences in the maximal diameter of the tumor, number of totally dissected lymph nodes, bleeding volume, mean operation time, time to start of oral ingestion, postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative complications. On the other hand, with regard to pain after epidural anesthesia, the total usage of analgesia in this novel surgical technique was 1.85 1.8 times, whereas it was 5.89 2.86 in conventional laparoscopic surgery (P < 0.001). The postoperative pain period was 1.9 1.9 d in this novel surgical technique, whereas it was 3.43 1.41 d in conventional laparoscopic surgery (P < 0.004). In complete laparoscopic surgery with NOSE, the mean postoperative follow-up period was 20 mo (range: 12-30 mo). Neither local recurrence nor remote metastasis was observed during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Complete laparoscopic anterior resection using NOSE does not require any incision and has excellent cosmetic properties, with mitigated postoperative pain. PMID:25469041

  15. Transvaginal Route for Kidney Extraction in Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Berber, Ibrahim; Cakir, Ulkem; Gurkan, Alihan

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare conventional laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy with transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgeryassisted living-donor nephrectomy in terms of feasibility and reproducibility. Methods: A total of 115 consecutive female patients who underwent laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy (n = 70) or transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgeryassisted living-donor nephrectomy (n = 45) were included and compared in terms of operative characteristics, as well as donor and recipient outcomes. Results: No significant difference was observed between the laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy and transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgeryassisted living-donor nephrectomy groups in terms of mean duration of warm and cold ischemia, operation time, length of hospital stay, arterial anastomoses, visual analog scale pain scores, serum creatinine levels, and receiver outcomes, whereas a significantly higher number of venous anastomoses was noted in the laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy group than in the transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgeryassisted living-donor nephrectomy group (P = .029). Conclusions: Transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgeryassisted living-donor nephrectomy seems to be a feasible and reproducible alternative to conventional laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy in female donors provided the viability of the vagina as an organ retrieval route. PMID:25419107

  16. Laparoscopic Paraesophageal Hernia Repair

    PubMed Central

    Medina, Laura; Peetz, Michael; Ratzer, Erick

    1998-01-01

    Background and Objective: Paraesophageal hernias are uncommon yet potentially lethal conditions. Their repair has now been facilitated by laparoscopic technology. We present a series of 20 patients with paraesophageal hernias repaired laparoscopically. Methods: Twenty patients with paraesophageal hernias had laparoscopic repairs. Eighteen patients had primary repair of their hiatal defect. Two required mesh reinforcement. Fifteen patients had a fundoplication procedure performed concomitantly. Results: Long-term follow-up is available on 17 patients. There was no in-hospital morbidity or mortality. Average length of stay was 2.3 days. One patient recurred in the immediate postoperative period. There were no other recurrences. The only death in the series occurred in the oldest patient 18 days postoperatively. He had been discharged from the hospital and died of cardiac failure. No patients have had complications from a paraesophageal hernia postoperatively. Conclusion: Laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hernias is possible. Preoperative work-up should include motility evaluation to assess esophageal peristalsis as the majority of these will need a concomitant anti-reflux procedure. This data helps the surgeon to determine whether or not a complete or partial wrap should be done. Repair of the diaphragmatic defect can be accomplished in the majority of patients without the use of prosthetic material with excellent results. PMID:9876752

  17. Enhanced recovery programme in robotic hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Iavazzo, Christos; Gkegkes, Ioannis D

    The standard care for endometrial cancer includes total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, peritoneal washings with or without bilateral pelvic and/or paraaortic lymph node dissection/sampling with or without omental biopsy or omentectomy. The aim of this narrative review is to present the advantages of robotic surgery in combination with the enhanced recovery programme to offer better care to patients with endometrial cancer. The authors argue that a well-organised service for robotic hysterectomy should be set up in all hospitals. As part of this, an enhanced recovery programme including the following elements should be implemented: patient education, preoperative carbohydrate drinks, spinal or local analgesia, goal-directed fluid therapy, early feeding and intensive early mobilisation. The enhanced recovery programme includes pre, intra and postoperative changes in patient management. A comprehensive enhanced recovery programme starting in the preoperative setting and extending through to the patient's discharge, combined with robotic approach, could lead to optimal care of patients with endometrial cancer. PMID:26355452

  18. Hemostatic Techniques for Laparoscopic Management of Cornual Pregnancy: Double-Impact Devascularization Technique.

    PubMed

    Afifi, Yousri; Mahmud, Ayesha; Fatma, Alfia

    2016-02-01

    Cornual pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy, accounting for up to 2% to 4% of all ectopic pregnancies, with a mortality range of 2.0% to 2.5%. Hemorrhage is a key concern in the management of such pregnancies. Traditional treatment options include a conservative approach, failing which patients are offered surgical options such as cornual resection at laparotomy, which carries a high risk of hysterectomy. In recent years newer laparoscopic cornual resection or cornuotomy techniques have been used successfully to achieve better outcomes with fewer complications. We present the double-impact devascularization (DID) technique for laparoscopic management of cornual ectopic pregnancies. This technique permits hemostatic control by compression effect, which in turn allows reduction in procedure-related patient morbidity and mortality. We also provide an overview of other reported methods of hemostatic control used in similar laparoscopic procedures. DID appears to be a useful, safe, minimally invasive technique that can be used in both laparoscopic and open surgical procedures. PMID:26383879

  19. Single-port Laparoscopic Reversal of Hartmann's Procedure: Technique and Results.

    PubMed

    Carus, Th; Emmert, A

    2011-01-01

    In general, reversal of Hartmann's procedure is associated with a high morbidity and therefore leads to a low rate of intestinal restoration. Reversal of Hartmann's procedure has to be seen as a complex abdominal operation with the same possible complications as in other colorectal resections. By using the laparoscopic technique, operative access trauma by laparotomy can be minimized. After introducing single-port access into laparoscopic surgery beginning with cholecystectomies and sigmoid resections, we started with the first single-port laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure in January 2010. After excision of the colostoma, mobilization, and reponing into the abdominal cavity, the single-port trocar was placed at the stoma incision without any extra scar. We investigated whether the single-port laparoscopic reversal is as safely feasible as the "conventional" laparoscopic procedure. Till December 2010, single-port reversal operation was performed in 8 patients 2-4 months after Hartmann's procedure because of complicated diverticulitis. No conversion to "conventional" laparoscopic or open procedure was necessary in 1 patient one extra 5?mm trocar was used. The average operation time was 74?min. Except for one wound complication, the postoperative course was uncomplicated. The patients were discharged after 4 to 8 postoperative days. Single-port reversal of Hartmann's procedure has showed as a new method for minimizing the access trauma even further than "conventional" laparoscopic surgery. PMID:22096620

  20. Laparoscopic-Assisted Surgical Procedures.

    PubMed

    Steffey, Michele A

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic-assisted procedures allow a balance between the improved patient recoveries often associated with smaller incisions and the need for appropriate visualization of visceral organs/identification of lesions. The organ systems of small animal veterinary patients that are highly amenable to laparoscopic-assisted procedures include the urinary bladder, the gastrointestinal tract, and the reproductive tracts. Laparoscopic-assisted procedures are especially beneficial in the approach to luminal organs, allowing the organ incision to be exteriorized through the body wall, protecting the peritoneal cavity from contamination from luminal contents. Procedure-specific morbidities and patient selection should be considered when choosing between assisted laparoscopic and open approaches. PMID:26410563

  1. Vaginal route for breast cancer induced hysterectomy with oophorectomy.

    PubMed

    Sheth, S S

    2011-08-01

    A previous history of breast cancer can induce problems in some women, which may necessitate hysterectomy as well as oophorectomy. This study included 20 women with a history of breast cancer with endometrial hyperplasia and recurrent vaginal bleeding or the need for oophorectomy because of metastatic breast cancer along with concomitant hysterectomy. The aim of this study is to show that benign indications for hysterectomy with oophorectomy, arising out of management of breast cancer in the past, can be dealt with by the least invasive approach via the vaginal route, provided vaginal hysterectomy is not contraindicated and the abdomino-pelvic area is free of metastasis. All 20 women had an uneventful postoperative period with rapid recovery, economic benefit and short hospital stay. PMID:21823858

  2. Tubal ligation, hysterectomy and ovarian cancer: A meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine the strength of the association between gynecologic surgeries, tubal ligation and hysterectomy, and ovarian cancer. Methods We searched the PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase databases for all English-language articles dated between 1969 through March 2011 using the keywords ovarian cancer and tubal ligation or tubal sterilization or hysterectomy. We identified 30 studies on tubal ligation and 24 studies on hysterectomy that provided relative risks for ovarian cancer and a p-value or 95% confidence interval (CI) to include in the meta-analysis. Summary RRs and 95% CIs were calculated using a random-effects model. Results The summary RR for women with vs. without tubal ligation was 0.70 (95%CI: 0.64, 0.75). Similarly, the summary RR for women with vs. without hysterectomy was 0.74 (95%CI: 0.65, 0.84). Simple hysterectomy and hysterectomy with unilateral oophorectomy were associated with a similar decrease in risk (summery RR?=?0.62, 95%CI: 0.49-0.79 and 0.60, 95%CI: 0.47-0.78, respectively). In secondary analyses, the association between tubal ligation and ovarian cancer risk was stronger for endometrioid tumors (summary RR?=?0.45, 95%CI: 0.33, 0.61) compared to serous tumors. Conclusion Observational epidemiologic evidence strongly supports that tubal ligation and hysterectomy are associated with a decrease in the risk of ovarian cancer, by approximately 26-30%. Additional research is needed to determine whether the association between tubal ligation and hysterectomy on ovarian cancer risk differs by individual, surgical, and tumor characteristics. PMID:22587442

  3. Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair.

    PubMed

    Morrow, Ellen H; Oelschlager, Brant K

    2013-10-01

    Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair is an operation that allows for relief of gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms with a minimal recovery time and a high degree of satisfaction. It is a difficult and complex operation; however, if the important tenets are adhered to by surgeons with a lot of experience in laparoscopic PEH repair, the results are good. Patient selection is important. Older or frail patients who are asymptomatic should not have an operation, and some who are very symptomatic should probably consider just a reduction of their gastric volvulus and gastropexy. Still, most of the patients will be symptomatic and will be able to tolerate a laparoscopic definitive repair. The important aspects of repair include: complete resection of the hernia sac from the mediastinum, adequate esophageal mobilization, adequate closure of the hiatus, and fundoplication. The most troublesome aspect of the operation is the recurrence rate, which is up to 50% at 5 years of follow-up. Fortunately, most recurrences are asymptomatic and the vast majority of patients still have greatly improved quality of life. PMID:24105283

  4. Pediatric laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery: technical considerations.

    PubMed

    Tomaszewski, Jeffrey J; Casella, Daniel P; Turner, Robert M; Casale, Pasquale; Ost, Michael C

    2012-06-01

    Laparoscopy has become an effective modality for the treatment of many pediatric urologic conditions that need both extirpative and reconstructive techniques. Laparoscopic procedures for urologic diseases in children, such as pyeloplasty, orchiopexy, nephrectomy, and bladder augmentation, have proven to be safe and effective with outcomes comparable to those of open techniques. Given the steep learning curve and technical difficulty of laparoscopic surgery, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RAS) is increasingly being adopted in pediatric patients worldwide. Anything that can be performed laparoscopically in adults can be extended into pediatric practice with minor technical refinements. We review the role of laparoscopic and RAS in pediatric urology and provide technical considerations necessary to perform minimally invasive surgery successfully. PMID:22050504

  5. Transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic ileocecal resection for Crohn's disease in a child.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Mikihiro; Uchida, Keiichi; Otake, Kohei; Okigami, Masato; Okita, Yoshiki; Hiro, Junichiro; Araki, Toshimitsu; Kusunoki, Masato

    2013-02-01

    We report the pediatric case of ileal Crohn's disease in which the patient underwent transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic ileocecal resection. A 14-year-old boy with severe growth disturbance presented with intestinal obstruction. Transanal double-balloon enteroscopy and contrast study during endoscopy revealed a cobble stone appearance and a severe stricture 15?cm in length located slightly proximal to the ileocecal valve. There was no evidence of fistula or abscess formation. Ileocecal resection was performed via an umbilical incision with conventional laparoscopic instruments, and the postoperative course was uneventful. Single-incision laparoscopic ileocecal resection is a good procedure for uncomplicated Crohn's disease patients in childhood. PMID:23347707

  6. Laparoscopic living donor hepatectomy: a review of current status.

    PubMed

    Park, Jeong-Ik; Kim, Ki-Hun; Lee, Sung-Gyu

    2015-11-01

    Over the last two decades, laparoscopic surgery has been adopted in various surgical fields. Its advantages of reduced blood loss, reduced postoperative morbidity, shorter hospital stay, and excellent cosmetic outcome compared with conventional open surgery are well validated. In comparison with other abdominal organs, laparoscopic hepatectomy has developed relatively slowly due to the potential for massive bleeding, technical difficulties and a protracted learning curve. Furthermore, applications to liver graft procurement in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) have been delayed significantly due to concerns about donor safety, graft outcome and the need for expertise in both laparoscopic liver surgery and LDLT. Now, laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy in adult-to-pediatric LDLT is considered the standard of care in some experienced centers. Currently, the shift in application has been towards left lobe and right lobe graft procurement in adult LDLT from left lateral section in pediatric LDLT. However, the number of cases is too small to validate the safety and reproducibility. The most important concern in LDLT is donor safety. Even though a few studies reported the technical feasibility and comparable outcomes to conventional open surgery, careful validating through larger sample sized studies is needed to achieve standardization and wide application. PMID:26449392

  7. Advances in Laparoscopic Surgery.

    PubMed

    Wormser, Chloe; Runge, Jeffrey J

    2016-01-01

    Recently, a new platform of abdominal access, called single-port surgery, has emerged in human and veterinary laparoscopy. The single-port platform enables all laparoscopic instruments, including the telescope, to pass individually through the same abdominal incision. Recently, there have been several published reports documenting the efficacy and safety of single-port procedures in veterinary patients. This article discusses the common single-port devices and instrumentation, as well as procedures now routinely offered in veterinary minimally invasive surgery. PMID:26604155

  8. Peripartum hysterectomy in a tertiary hospital in Western Sydney.

    PubMed

    Shamsa, A; Harris, A; Anpalagan, A

    2015-05-01

    The aim of this study was to review the incidence, indication, management and complications of peripartum hysterectomy (PH) in a tertiary level hospital over a decade. A retrospective review of all cases of PH performed at Westmead Hospital, Western Sydney, 2003-2012, was undertaken. PH was defined as hysterectomy performed after 20 weeks' gestation or any time after delivery but within 6 weeks' postpartum ( Awan et al. 2011 ). There were 56 cases of peripartum hysterectomy of 46,177 births, a rate of 1.22 per 1,000 births. The most common indication for PH was morbid adherence of the placenta (58.2%) followed by uterine atony. Having a history of both caesarean section and placenta praevia is highly associated with a morbidly adherent placenta in the index pregnancy (p = 0.002). The most common complication was coagulopathy followed by febrile illness and urinary tract injury. Our data showed previous caesarean section and placenta praevia to be associated with abnormal placentation, the leading indication for PH. Since there is an association between a planned caesarean hysterectomy and reduced amount of estimated blood loss and blood transfused, the knowledge of placentation and adequate preoperative planning and consideration for elective hysterectomy could be beneficial. The morbidity associated with PH is considerable. PMID:25264917

  9. McCarus Cosmetic Hysterectomy - a patient-centric approach.

    PubMed

    McCarus, Steven D

    2013-09-01

    As patients are diagnosed with a health condition that requires a hysterectomy, surgical recommendations are generally discussed. Surgical options for a variety of procedures have expanded greatly in the past decade because of the development of innovations including, but not limited to, robots, advanced bipolar energy systems, HD cameras, single-site access systems, minilaparoscopic instruments, and novel uterine manipulators. These advances allow the surgeon to consider an expanded variety of procedures that may not only improve patient outcomes but also accommodate patient preferences. However, inherent bias directly related to the surgeon's specific view may influence decisions limiting hysterectomy options offered to patients. As general gynecological surgeons, we are not only empowered but also obligated to provide patients with expanded hysterectomy options that fit the indications and clinical needs of our patients. - Cosmetic minimally invasive surgery improved cosmesis compared with standard trocars. - Cosmetic minimally invasive surgery needs no skin or fascial closure. - McCarus Cosmetic Hysterectomy affords benefits of minimally invasive surgery. - Cosmetic minimally invasive surgery represents the next evolution in minimally invasive surgery. - Cosmetic minimally invasive surgery allows expansion of hysterectomy options for benign disease. PMID:23686798

  10. Comparison of oxycodone and fentanyl for postoperative patient-controlled analgesia after laparoscopic gynecological surgery

    PubMed Central

    Park, Joong-Ho; Lee, Chiu; Shin, Youngmin; Ban, Jong-Seouk; Lee, Ji-Hyang

    2015-01-01

    Background Opioids are widely used in boluses and patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for postoperative pain control. In this study, we compared the effects of oxycodone and fentanyl on postoperative pain in patients with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after laparoscopic gynecological surgery. Methods Seventy-four patients undergoing elective total laparoscopic hysterectomy or laparoscopic myomectomy were randomly assigned to the administration of either fentanyl or oxycodone using IV-PCA (potency ratio 1 : 60). The cumulative dose administered in the patient-controlled mode during the initial 48 hours after the operation was measured. Patients were also assessed for postoperative pain severity, adverse effects, and patient satisfaction. Results No significant differences were observed in patient satisfaction with the analgesia during the postoperative period. Patients in the oxycodone group experienced significantly more dizziness compared to the fentanyl group. Patients in the oxycodone group showed significantly lower consumption of opioid in the patient-controlled mode (10.1 8.5 ml vs. 16.6 12.0 ml, P = 0.013). Conclusions Our data suggest that oxycodone and fentanyl demonstrated similar effects, and therefore oxycodone may be a good alternative to fentanyl in postoperative pain management. Further studies in various clinical settings will be needed to determine the adequate potency ratio. PMID:25844134

  11. Spleen removal - laparoscopic - adults - discharge

    MedlinePLUS

    Recovering from laparoscopic spleen removal usually takes several weeks. You may have some of these symptoms as ... should go away over several days to a week. A sore throat from the breathing tube that ...

  12. [Laparoscopic adrenalectomy using telementoring system].

    PubMed

    Ushiyama, Tomomi; Suzuki, Kazuo; Aoki, Masanobu; Takayama, Tatsuya; Kageyama, Shinji; Ohtawara, Yoshihisa; Fujita, Kimio; Uchikubo, Akinobu

    2003-07-01

    We report on our experience in telementoring during laparoscopic adrenalectomy. An experienced laparoscopic surgeon supervised a less experienced surgeon from a control room about 100 meter away. Mentoring was accomplished over a fiber optic cable employing real-time video imaging, two-way audio communication, OES ImageTrac Video System used to control the laparoscopic image, and a telestrator. The patient was a 52-year-old male with primary aldosteronism due to a left adrenal adenoma 2 cm in diameter. The procedure was successfully performed in 195 minutes with minimal blood loss. The patient recovered without complications and returned home on postoperative day 7. As broadband telecommunication expands, telementoring will become an important method for the training and supporting of laparoscopic surgery. PMID:12910936

  13. Laparoscopic Surgery - What Is It?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... because the instruments are placed so closely together. Robotic surgery or robotic-assisted surgery is a newer variation on minimally ... remainder of the operation is usually performed laparoscopically. Robotic surgery is gaining popularity primarily for rectal operations ...

  14. Laparoscopic Ovarian Surgery in Children and Adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Hye-yon; Park, Sung-ho; Park, Sung-taek

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Although laparoscopy is widely used in gynecologic surgery in adults, few studies have been undertaken to examine its use in young and adolescent patients. This study was conducted to investigate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of benign ovarian disease in children and adolescents. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on 106 patients (age, <20 years) who underwent laparoscopic surgery at Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital from 2006 through 2012. Results: The mean patient age was 17.1 years, and the youngest one was 8. Pathologic analyses revealed that 32 (30.2%) patients had dermoid cyst, 30 (28.3%) had simple cyst, and 15 (14.2%) had endometrioma. Conservative procedures, such as cystectomy (48.1%), aspiration (5.7%), fulguration (4.7%), and detorsion (3.8%), were performed in 65.1% of all cases. A subanalysis revealed that the surgical outcomes of children (age, ?15 years), including operative time, estimated blood loss, postoperative hemoglobin decrease, and postoperative length of hospital stay, were comparable to those of adolescents (age, 1619 years), despite significant differences in mean height between the 2 groups (156.1 10.71 cm in children vs. 162.1 5.14 cm in adolescents; P < .0001). (The age break between the study groups was set at 15 years, because most girls reach their adult height between the ages of 15 and 16 years.) No intra- or perioperative complications were noted. In a comparison study of surgical outcomes in 433 women (age, 2050 years) and the 106 young and adolescent girls in our sample (age, <20 years), those in our patients were not inferior. Conclusion: In children and adolescents, laparoscopic surgery can be successfully performed with conventional instruments designed for use in adults. PMID:25788824

  15. Outpatient laparoscopic interval female sterilization.

    PubMed

    Intaraprasert, S; Taneepanichskul, S; Chaturachinda, K

    1997-05-01

    A 23-year retrospective review of laparoscopic sterilization in Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand, is reported. A total of 9041 cases of outpatient laparoscopic interval female sterilizations were done from January 1973 to December 1995. Intraoperative complications occurred in 35 cases (0.39%) and hospital admissions totalled 65 cases (0.72%). Adnexal injuries were the most frequent complication. There was one case of death from anesthetic complication. Management and prevention of complications are discussed. PMID:9220224

  16. Robot-assisted laparoscopic urological surgery in children.

    PubMed

    Sávio, Luís F; Nguyen, Hiep T

    2013-11-01

    Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) has been proven to be safe and effective for various urological procedures in children, including pyeloplasty, orchiopexy, nephrectomy, and bladder augmentation. The robot system enables delicate and precise movements, which are ideal for the types of reconstructive surgeries that children with urological issues often require, overcoming many of the impediments associated with the conventional laparoscopic approach. RALS helps the relative novice to perform fine surgical techniques and is thought to reduce the learning curve associated with some surgical techniques, such as intracorporeal suturing, owing to the improved freedom of movement of the surgical instruments, the ergonomic positioning of the surgeon, and the 3D vision provided by the robotic system. Given the favourable safety profile and associated benefits of the robot system, including reductions in mean postoperative hospital stay compared with conventional procedures, RALS is becoming more widely adopted by paediatric urologists. PMID:24100517

  17. Adjuvant chemotherapy for endometrial cancer after hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, Nick; Bryant, Andrew; Miles, Tracie; Hogberg, Thomas; Cornes, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Background Endometrial adenocarcinoma (womb cancer) is a malignant growth of the lining (endometrium) of the womb (uterus). It is distinct from sarcomas (tumours of the uterine muscle). Survival depends the risk of microscopic metastases after surgery. Adjuvant (postoperative) chemotherapy improves survival from some other adenocarcinomas, and there is evidence that endometrial cancer is sensitive to cytotoxic therapy. This systematic review examines the effect of chemotherapy on survival after hysterectomy for endometrial cancer. Objectives To assess efficacy of adjuvant (postoperative) chemotherapy for endometrial cancer. Search methods We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library 2010, Issue 3), MEDLINE and EMBASE up to August 2010, registers of clinical trials, abstracts of scientific meetings, reference lists of included studies and contacted experts in the field. Selection criteria Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing adjuvant chemotherapy with any other adjuvant treatment or no other treatment. Data collection and analysis We used a random-effects meta-analysis to assess hazard ratios (HR) for overall and progression-free survival and risk ratios (RR) to compare death rates and site of initial relapse. Main results Five RCTs compared no additional treatment with additional chemotherapy after hysterectomy and radiotherapy. Four trials compared platinum based combination chemotherapy directly with radiotherapy. Indiscriminate pooling of survival data from 2197 women shows a significant overall survival advantage from adjuvant chemotherapy (RR (95% CI) = 0.88 (0.79 to 0.99)). Sensitivity analysis focused on trials of modern platinum based chemotherapy regimens and found the relative risk of death to be 0.85 ((0.76 to 0.96); number needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome (NNT) = 25; absolute risk reduction = 4% (1% to 8%)). The HR for overall survival is 0.74 (0.64 to 0.89), significantly favouring the addition of postoperative platinum based chemotherapy. The HR for progression-free survival is 0.75 (0.64 to 0.89). This means that chemotherapy reduces the risk of being dead at any censorship by a quarter. Chemotherapy reduces the risk of developing the first recurrence outside the pelvis (RR = 0.79 (0.68 to 0.92), 5% absolute risk reduction; NNT = 20). The analysis of pelvic recurrence rates is underpowered but the trend suggests that chemotherapy may be less effective than radiotherapy in a direct comparison (RR = 1.28 (0.97 to 1.68)) but it may have added value when used with radiotherapy (RR = 0.48 (0.20 to 1.18)). Authors conclusions Postoperative platinum based chemotherapy is associated with a small benefit in progression-free survival and overall survival irrespective of radiotherapy treatment. It reduces the risk of developing a metastasis, could be an alternative to radiotherapy and has added value when used with radiotherapy. PMID:21975736

  18. Laparoscopic resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Woohyung; Yoon, Yoo-Seok; Cho, Jai Young; Choi, YoungRok; Shin, Hong Kyung; Jang, Jae Yool; Choi, Hanlim

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma is technically challenging because it involves complicated laparoscopic procedures that include laparoscopic hepatoduodenal lymphadenectomy, hemihepatectomy with caudate lobectomy, and hepaticojejunostomy. There are currently very few reports describing this type of surgery. Between August 2014 and December 2014, 5 patients underwent total laparoscopic or laparoscopic-assisted surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Two patients with type I or II hilar cholangiocarcinoma underwent radical hilar resection. Three patients with type IIIa or IIIb cholangiocarcinoma underwent extended hemihepatectomy together with caudate lobectomy. The median (range) age, operation time, blood loss, and length of hospital stay were 63 years (43-76 years), 610 minutes (410-665 minutes), 650 mL (450-1,300 mL), and 12 days (9-21 days), respectively. Four patients had a negative margin, but 1 patient was diagnosed with high-grade dysplasia on the proximal resection margin. The median tumor size was 3.0 cm. One patient experienced postoperative biliary leakage, which resolved spontaneously. Laparoscopic resection is a feasible surgical approach in selected patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma. PMID:26448923

  19. Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy in children.

    PubMed

    Bertozzi, Mirko; Marchesini, Laura; Tesoro, Simonetta; Appignani, Antonino

    2015-01-01

    The authors report their experience in laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernias in children. From May 2010 to November 2013, 122 patients with inguinal hernia underwent laparoscopic herniorrhaphy (92 males and 30 females). Telescope used was 5 mm, while trocars for the operative instruments were 3 or 2 mm. After introducing the camera at the umbilical level and trocars in triangulation, a 4-0 nonabsorbable monofilament suture was inserted directly through the abdominal wall. The internal inguinal ring was then closed by N or double N suture. All operations were performed in one-day surgery setting. In the case of association of inguinal and umbilical hernia an original technique was performed for positioning and fixing the umbilical trocar and for the primary closure of the abdominal wall defect. The postoperative follow-up consisted of outpatient visits at 1 week and 1, 3, and 6 months. The mean age of patients was 38.5 months. Of all patients, 26 were also suffering from umbilical hernia (19 males and 7 females). A total of 160 herniorrhaphies were performed; 84 were unilateral (66 inguinal hernia, 18 inguinal hernia associated with umbilical hernia), 38 bilateral (30 inguinal hernia, 8 inguinal hernia associated with umbilical hernia). Nine of 122 patients (6 males and 3 females) were operated in emergency for incarcerated hernia. A pre-operative diagnosis of unilateral inguinal hernia was performed in 106 cases. Of these patients, laparoscopy revealed a controlateral open internal inguinal ring in 22 cases (20.7%). The mean operative time was 29.9±15.9 min for the monolateral herniorrhaphies, while in case of bilateral repair the mean operative time was 41.5±10.4 min. The mean operative time for the repair of unilateral inguinal hernia associated with umbilical hernia was 30.1±7.4 while for the correction of bilateral inguinal hernia associated with umbilical hernia 39.5±10.6 min. There were 3 recurrences (1.8%): 2 cases in unilateral repair and 1 case a unilateral recurrence in a bilateral repair. No other complications were seen. Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia in children performed in this experience resulted a safe and effective procedure. PMID:26429119

  20. Exposure of Surgeons to Extremely Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields During Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgeries

    PubMed Central

    Park, Jee Soo; Chung, Jai Won; Kim, Nam Kyu; Cho, Min Soo; Kang, Chang Moo; Choi, Soo Beom; Kim, Deok Won

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The development of new medical electronic devices and equipment has increased the use of electrical apparatuses in surgery. Many studies have reported the association of long-term exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) with diseases or cancer. Robotic surgery has emerged as an alternative tool to overcome the disadvantages of conventional laparoscopic surgery. However, there has been no report regarding how much ELF-MF surgeons are exposed to during laparoscopic and robotic surgeries. In this observational study, we aimed to measure and compare the ELF-MFs that surgeons are exposed to during laparoscopic and robotic surgery. The intensities of the ELF-MFs surgeons are exposed to were measured every 4 seconds for 20 cases of laparoscopic surgery and 20 cases of robotic surgery using portable ELF-MF measuring devices with logging capability. The mean ELF-MF exposures were 0.6??0.1?mG for laparoscopic surgeries and 0.3??0.0?mG for robotic surgeries (significantly lower with P?conventional laparoscopic surgery were lower than 2?mG, which is the most stringent level considered safe in many studies. However, we should not overlook the effects of long-term ELF-MF exposure during many surgeries in the course of a surgeon's career. PMID:25674758

  1. Stereoscopic visualization of laparoscope image using depth information from 3D model.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Atul; Wang, Yen-Yu; Wu, Ching-Jen; Liu, Kai-Che; Wu, Hurng-Sheng

    2014-03-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is indispensable from the current surgical procedures. It uses an endoscope system of camera and light source, and surgical instruments which pass through the small incisions on the abdomen of the patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. Conventional laparoscope (endoscope) systems produce 2D colored video images which do not provide surgeons an actual depth perception of the scene. In this work, the problem was formulated as synthesizing a stereo image of the monocular (conventional) laparoscope image by incorporating into them the depth information from a 3D CT model. Various algorithms of the computer vision including the algorithms for the feature detection, matching and tracking in the video frames, and for the reconstruction of 3D shape from shading in the 2D laparoscope image were combined for making the system. The current method was applied to the laparoscope video at the rate of up to 5 frames per second to visualize its stereo video. A correlation was investigated between the depth maps calculated with our method with those from the shape from shading algorithm. The correlation coefficients between the depth maps were within the range of 0.70-0.95 (P<0.05). A t-test was used for the statistical analysis. PMID:24444752

  2. Mesh-Based Transperineal Repair of a Perineal Hernia After a Laparoscopic Abdominoperineal Resection

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Taek-Gu

    2014-01-01

    A perineal hernia (PH) is formed by a protrusion of intra-abdominal viscera through a defect in the pelvic floor. This is a rare complication after a conventional abdominoperineal resection (APR). However, the risk of a PH may be increased after a laparoscopic resection because this technique can cause fewer postoperative adhesions, predisposing the small bowel to sliding down toward the pelvis. However, only a few case reports describe the transperineal approach for the repair of a PH after a laparoscopic APR. We present a case of a PH after a laparoscopic APR; the PH was repaired with synthetic mesh by using a transperineal approach. A transperineal approach using a mesh to reconstruct the pelvic floor is less invasive and more effective. We suggest that this technique should probably be the first choice for treating an uncomplicated PH that occurs after a laparoscopic APR. PMID:25210690

  3. Laparoscopic excision of Meckel's diverticulum in children: What is the current evidence?

    PubMed Central

    Chan, Kin Wai Edwin; Lee, Kim Hung; Wong, Hei Yi Vicky; Tsui, Siu Yan Bess; Wong, Yuen Shan; Pang, Kit Yi Kristine; Mou, Jennifer Wai Cheung; Tam, Yuk Him

    2014-01-01

    Complications aroused from Meckels diverticulum tend to developed in children. Children presented with abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, intussusception or gastrointestinal bleeding may actually suffered from complicated Meckels diverticulum. With the advancement of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in children, the use of laparoscopy in the diagnosis and subsequent laparoscopic excision of Meckels diverticulum has gained popularity. Recently, single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has emerged as a new technique in minimally invasive surgery. This review offers the overview in the development of MIS in the management of children suffered from Meckels diverticulum. The current evidence in different laparoscopic techniques, including conventional laparoscopy, SILS, the use of special laparoscopic instruments, intracorporeal diverticulectomy and extracorporeal diverticulectomy in the management of Meckels diverticulum in children were revealed. PMID:25386065

  4. Laparoscopic vs. open approach for colorectal cancer: evolution over time of minimal invasive surgery

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background In the late '80s the successes of the laparoscopic surgery for gallbladder disease laid the foundations on the modern use of this surgical technique in a variety of diseases. In the last 20 years, laparoscopic colorectal surgery had become a popular treatment option for colorectal cancer patients. Discussion Many studies emphasized on the benefits stating the significant advantages of the laparoscopic approach compared with the open surgery of reduced blood loss, early return of intestinal motility, lower overall morbidity, and shorter duration of hospital stay, leading to a general agreement on laparoscopic surgery as an alternative to conventional open surgery for colon cancer. The reduced hospital stay may also decrease the cost of the laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer, despite th higher operative spending compared with open surgery. The average reduction in total direct costs is difficult to define due to the increasing cost over time, making challenging the comparisons between studies conducted during a time range of more than 10 years. However, despite the theoretical advantages of laparoscopic surgery, it is still not considered the standard treatment for colorectal cancer patients due to technical limitations or the characteristics of the patients that may affect short and long term outcomes. Conclusions The laparoscopic approach to colectomy is slowly gaining acceptance for the management of colorectal pathology. Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer demonstrates better short-term outcome, oncologic safety, and equivalent long-term outcome of open surgery. For rectal cancer, laparoscopic technique can be more complex depending on the tumor location. The advantages of minimally invasive surgery may translate better care quality for oncological patients and lead to increased cost saving through the introduction of active enhanced recovery programs which are likely cost-effective from the perspective of the hospital health-care providers. PMID:24267544

  5. Objective skill evaluation for laparoscopic training based on motion analysis.

    PubMed

    Lin, Zhuohua; Uemura, Munenori; Zecca, Massimiliano; Sessa, Salvatore; Ishii, Hiroyuki; Tomikawa, Morimasa; Hashizume, Makoto; Takanishi, Atsuo

    2013-04-01

    Performing laparoscopic surgery requires several skills, which have never been required for conventional open surgery. Surgeons experience difficulties in learning and mastering these techniques. Various training methods and metrics have been developed to assess and improve surgeon's operative abilities. While these training metrics are currently widely being used, skill evaluation methods are still far from being objective in the regular laparoscopic skill education. This study proposes a methodology of defining a processing model that objectively evaluates surgical movement performance in the routine laparoscopic training course. Our approach is based on the analysis of kinematic data describing the movements of surgeon's upper limbs. An ultraminiaturized wearable motion capture system (Waseda Bioinstrumentation system WB-3), therefore, has been developed to measure and analyze these movements. The data processing model was trained by using the subjects' motion features acquired from the WB-3 system and further validated to classify the expertise levels of the subjects with different laparoscopic experience. Experimental results show that the proposed methodology can be efficiently used both for quantitative assessment of surgical movement performance, and for the discrimination between expert surgeons and novices. PMID:23204271

  6. 42 CFR 50.207 - Sterilization by hysterectomy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Sterilization by hysterectomy. 50.207 Section 50.207 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted Family Planning Projects ...

  7. 42 CFR 50.207 - Sterilization by hysterectomy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sterilization by hysterectomy. 50.207 Section 50.207 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted Family Planning Projects ...

  8. Histopathological Audit of 373 Nononcological Hysterectomies in a Teaching Hospital

    PubMed Central

    Tiwana, Kanwardeep Kaur; Nibhoria, Sarita; Monga, Tanvi; Phutela, Richa

    2014-01-01

    Hysterectomy, the most common gynecological surgery, provides a definitive cure to various diseases like DUB (dysfunctional uterine bleeding), leiomyoma, adenomyosis, chronic pelvic pain, prolapse, and malignancy. However, with advent of effective medical and conservative treatment modalities for nononcological causes it is now posing question mark on justification of hysterectomy. Therefore, an audit is required to assess the correlation between preoperative diagnosis and histopathological examination of specimen for justification of the procedure. In this study over period of one year (April 2013 to March 2014) 373 hysterectomies specimens were received in the department of pathology for nononcological causes. The age of patients ranged from 22 to 85 years with mean 45 9.2 years. All cases were divided into five categories on the basis of age and audit was done. In this study the most common finding was leiomyoma (43.7%) followed by adenomyosis (19.3%). Almost 50% of hysterectomies causes were justified as preoperative diagnosis matched with histopathology. Cohen kappa statistics were used to measure agreement between preoperative and postoperative histopathological diagnosis which was found to be fair with ? value being 0.36. This study highlights that regular audit of surgeries can help improve quality of health care services and provide safe conservative option to patients. PMID:25295217

  9. Registry of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and new and evolving laparoscopic techniques.

    PubMed

    White, J V

    1993-04-01

    To collect information on the rapid application of laparoscopic surgery, the National Laparoscopic Surgery Registry surveyed more than 4,000 of the 16,000 currently practicing laparoscopic surgeons. Preliminary analysis of the data has revealed that most of the respondents had been trained in general surgery, but a small percentage were certified only in surgical subspecialties. Surgeons acquiring skills in laparoscopic surgery had various levels of experience ranging from less than 1 year to more than 38 years in surgical practice. Nearly 90% of the respondents attended a laparoscopic cholecystectomy course with hands-on training. In those courses, an average of 16 hours was devoted to animal laboratories for acquisition of skills. Additional training in the form of a preceptorship is being undertaken by an increasing number of surgeons. The future of minimally invasive surgery is being supported by rapid advances in technology. New video systems capable of displaying three-dimensional images and miniaturized fiberoptic scopes are now available. Computer enhanced three-dimensional ultrasound images provide the surgeon with the ability to examine the content and consistency of tissues in addition to their appearance. Advances in mechanical retraction may eliminate the need for carbon dioxide insufflation of the abdomen. Tissue repair using tissue glues or laser-mediated processes may reduce the need for endocavitary suturing. These advances in technology and techniques may reduce the morbidity and mortality of these surgical procedures and, ultimately, improve the standard of care for surgical patients. PMID:8480898

  10. Laparoscopic complete urinary tract exenteration with the specimen withdrawn transvaginally.

    PubMed

    Li, Ching-Chia; Wang, Hsun-Shuan; Wu, Wen-Jeng; Chou, Yii-Her; Liu, Chia-Chu; Long, Cheng-Yu; Hus, Shih-Cheng; Chuang, Chieh-Han; Jang, Mei-Yu; Huang, Shu-Pin; Juan, Yung-Shun; Huang, Chun-Hsiung

    2009-07-01

    OBJECTIVE To describe the technique of laparoscopic complete urinary tract exenteration (LaCUTE), where specimens are withdrawn en bloc through the vagina, and to compare our results for patients had this procedure with those who had surgery by traditional open methods PATIENTS AND METHODS From February 2006 to June 2008, five patients had LaCUTE and three CUTE at our institute. The surgical procedure included bilateral nephroureterectomy, bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy, radical cystourethrectomy, radical hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. RESULTS In the LaCUTE group the mean (range) patient age was 58 (46-73) years, the blood loss was 378 (290-490) mL, the operative duration was 492 (405-560) min and the hospital stay was 12.2 (9-17) days. All patients had negative surgical margins on pathological examination. The LaCUTE group had significantly less blood loss but longer surgery than the open group. At a mean follow-up of 14.5 and 16.0 months, respectively, there was no evidence of recurrent cancer in both groups. CONCLUSIONS With further experience and improvement in surgical techniques, LaCUTE with vaginal specimen en bloc withdrawal will become feasible for uraemic female patients with urothelial cancer. PMID:19154504

  11. [Initial experience with laparoscopic adrenalectomy].

    PubMed

    Kothaj, P; Marko, L; Simkovic, I; Dobkov, M; Hrnciar, J; Kompis, S; Kreze, A

    1997-09-01

    We present the first experience with laparoscopic adrenalectomy, which was in Slovakia introduced to the surgical practice on March 3, 1996. We analyse first seven patients who underwent completed laparoscopic adrenalectomy (five leftsided, two right-sided). Four patients had cortex adenoma (clinically 2 incidentalomas and 2 Cishing syndroma), three patients had cortex hyperplasia (clinically Conn syndroma). Average duration of operation was 120 minutes, there were no postoperative complications. Average postoperative hospital stay was 5 days. Our initial experiences are comparable with that of surgical departments which has more than two-years experiences. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a perfect method for the small adrenal tumors and it is better than traditional transabdominal approach. PMID:9480059

  12. Laparoscopic Renal Cryoablation

    PubMed Central

    Schiffman, Marc; Moshfegh, Amiel; Talenfeld, Adam; Del Pizzo, Joseph J.

    2014-01-01

    In light of evidence linking radical nephrectomy and consequent suboptimal renal function to adverse cardiovascular events and increased mortality, research into nephron-sparing techniques for renal masses widely expanded in the past two decades. The American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines now explicitly list partial nephrectomy as the standard of care for the management of T1a renal tumors. Because of the increasing utilization of cross-sectional imaging, up to 70% of newly detected renal masses are stage T1a, making them more amenable to minimally invasive nephron-sparing therapies including laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy and ablative therapies. Cryosurgery has emerged as a leading option for renal ablation, and compared with surgical techniques it offers benefits in preserving renal function with fewer complications, shorter hospitalization times, and allows for quicker convalescence. A mature dataset exists at this time, with intermediate and long-term follow-up data available. Cryosurgical recommendations as a first-line therapy are made at this time in limited populations, including elderly patients, patients with multiple comorbidities, and those with a solitary kidney. As more data emerge on oncologic efficacy, and technical experience and the technology continue to improve, the application of this modality will likely be extended in future treatment guidelines. PMID:24596441

  13. Laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure.

    PubMed

    Fiscon, Valentino; Portale, Giuseppe; Mazzeo, Antonio; Migliorini, Giovanni; Frigo, Flavio

    2014-12-01

    Reestablishing continuity after a Hartmann's procedure is considered a major surgical procedure with high morbidity/mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the short-/long-term outcome of laparoscopic restoration of bowel continuity after HP. A prospectively collected database of colorectal laparoscopic procedures (>800) performed between June 2005 and June 2013 was used to identify 20 consecutive patients who had undergone laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure (LHR). Median age was 65.4. Ten patients (50 %) had undergone surgery for perforated diverticulitis, 3 (15 %) for cancer, and 7 (35 %) for other reasons (volvulus, posttraumatic perforation, and sigmoid perforation from foreign body). Previous HP had been performed laparoscopically in only 3 patients. Median operative time was 162.5 min. All the procedures were completed laparoscopically. Intraoperative complication rate was nil. Post-operative mortality and morbidity were respectively 0 and 10 % (1 pneumonia, 1 bowel obstruction from post-anastomotic stenosis which required resection and redo of the anastomosis). Median time to first flatus was 3 days, to normal diet 5 days. Median hospital stay was 9 days without readmissions. We followed up the patients for a median of 44 months: when asked, all 20 (100 %) said they would undergo the operation (LHR) again; 3 (15 %) had been re-operated of laparoscopic mesh repair for incisional hernia. When performed by experienced surgeons, LHR is a feasible, safe, reproducible operation, which allows early return of bowel function, early discharge and fast return to work for the patient. It has a low morbidity rate. PMID:25262377

  14. Hemostasis in laparoscopic renal surgery

    PubMed Central

    Hassouna, Hussam A.; Manikandan, Ramaswamy

    2012-01-01

    Hemorrhage is a potential risk at any step of laparoscopic nephrectomies (LNs). The advances in surgical equipment and tissue sealants have increased the safety and efficiency of performing LN and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN). However, hemostasis remains a major issue and there is still scope for further development to improve haemostatic techniques and devices. In this article a literature review of the current methods and techniques of hemostasis was carried out using the MEDLINE /PubMed resources. The results of the review were categorized according to the three main operative steps: Dissection, control of renal pedicle and excision of the renal lesion. PMID:22557709

  15. Ovarian function and ovarian blood supply following premenopausal abdominal hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Abdelrazak, Khaled M.; Elbiaa, Assem A.M.; Farghali, Mohamed M.; Essam, Amr; Zhurabekova, Gulmira

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The issue of conserving the ovaries at hysterectomy in premenopausal women with benign gynecologic disease has been the subject of considerable controversy. Some clinicians prefer prophylactic oophorectomy in premenopausal women during hysterectomy to prevent future development of malignant changes in conserved ovaries. Other clinicians prefer to conserve apparently normal ovaries, because bilateral oophorectomy in premenopausal women results in an abrupt imbalance, sudden onset of menopausal symptoms, decreased libido, increased cardiovascular risk and osteoporosis. Material and methods Two hundred and twenty multipara women (who had completed their families), with benign uterine pathology were included in this prospective study for abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral ovarian preservation. Pre-operative vaginal ultrasound, Doppler studies, diagnostic hysteroscopy and endometrial biopsy were done followed by laboratory studies including Anti-mullerian hormone (AMH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol for all studied women. Doppler studies, AMH, FSH and estradiol were repeated 6 and 12 months post-operative for assessment of the ovarian function and ovarian blood supply after hysterectomy. Results Pre-operative AMH, FSH and estradiol of the studied women were statistically insignificant compared to AMH, FSH and estradiol 6 and 12 months post-operative. Twelve months post-operative right and left ovarian volumes (6.92 0.18 and 6.85 0.19 cm3, respectively) were significantly larger than pre-operative right and left ovarian volumes (6.19 0.22 and 5.86 0.23 cm3, respectively), and, 12 months post-operative right and left ovarian pulsatility indices (2.92 0.15 and 2.96 0.16 cm/s, respectively) were significantly lower than pre-operative right and left ovarian pulsatility indices (3.45 0.19 and 3.36 0.2 cm/s, respectively). Eight (3.6%) cases of the studied women developed an ovarian cyst 6 months after hysterectomy, 3 were spontaneously resolved and the remaining 5 (2.27%) cases underwent exploratory laparotomy. Conclusions There is no evidence of ovarian dysfunction affecting conserved ovaries one year after hysterectomy in premenopausal women as evident by AMH, FSH and estradiol. Furthermore, an increased ovarian volume and reduced ovarian pulsatility indices indicate a possible increase in ovarian blood supply, and preserved non-compromised ovarian function. PMID:26848295

  16. THREE PORT LAPAROSCOPIC APPENDECTOMY TECHNIQUE WITH LOW COST AND AESTHETIC ADVANTAGE

    PubMed Central

    DOMENE, Carlos Eduardo; VOLPE, Paula; HEITOR, Frederico Almeida

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Despite dating more than 30 years after the first laparoscopic appendectomy, ileocecal appendix resection is still performed by laparotomy in more than 90% of cases, in our country. Aim To describe a technique for laparoscopic removal of the ileocecal appendix with three portals, at low cost and very good aesthetic appearance. Technique Three incisions, one umbilical and two suprapubic are made; permanent material used comprises: grasping forceps, hook, scissors, needle holders, three metal trocars and four other usual instruments, and a single strand of cotton. There is no need to use of operative extractors bags, clips, endoloops, staples or bipolar or harmonic energy instruments. Allows triangulation and instrumentation in the conventional manner. Conclusion The proposed technique is safe and reproducible, easily teachable, at very low cost and can be applied in general hospitals with conventional laparoscopic equipment. PMID:25409972

  17. Comparison between single and three portal laparoscopic splenectomy in dogs

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a newly growing technique to replace a more invasive conventional multiple portal laparoscopic surgery. The objective of this study was to compare single (SILS) with three portal (Conventional) laparoscopic splenectomy in dogs. Mongrel dogs (n = 18), weighting 15 ± 3 kg, were selected for this study (n = 12 SILS; n = 6 conventional). The area from xiphoid to pubis was prepared under aseptic conditions in dorsal recumbency with the head down and tilted 30 degree in the right lateral position. Pneumoperitoneum was established by CO2 using an automatic high flow pressure until achieving 12 mm Hg. Instrumentation used consisted of curved flexible-tip 5 mm Maryland forceps and ultracision harmonic scalpel for sealing and cutting of the vessels and splenic attachments. Results All dogs recovered uneventfully. The splenectomy procedure using SILS and conventional methods were significantly different in the respective operative time (29.1 ± 1.65 vs. 42.0 + 2.69 min) and the length of the surgical scar (51.6 ± 1.34 mm vs. 72.0 ± 1.63 mm; P < 0.001). There were no post-operative wound complication including inflammation, infection, hernia formation and dehiscence up to one month after surgery. Meanwhile, the conversion to open surgery or application of additional portals was not required in both approaches. Conclusion This study demonstrated that SILS is a safe and feasible operation and could be used as an alternative approach to three portal (Conventional) for splenectomy in dog. PMID:22963734

  18. The Effect of Hysterectomy on Women’s Sexual Function: a Narrative Review

    PubMed Central

    Danesh, Mahmonier; Hamzehgardeshi, Zeinab; Moosazadeh, Mahmood; Shabani-Asrami, Fereshteh

    2015-01-01

    Background: Regarding the contradictions about positive and negative effects of hysterectomy on women’s sexual functioning, this study was conducted to review the studies on the effect of hysterectomy on postoperative women’s sexual function. Method: This study was a narrative review and performed in 5 steps: a) Determining the research questions, b) Search methods for identification of relevant studies, c) Choosing the studies, d) Classifying, sorting out, and summarizing the data, and e) reporting the results. Findings: The review of the studies yielded 5 main categories of results as follows: The effect of hysterectomy on Sexual desire, the effect of hysterectomy on sexual arousal, the effect of hysterectomy on orgasm, the effect of hysterectomy on dyspareunia, and the effect of hysterectomy on sexual satisfaction. Conclusion: According to the studies reviewed in this study, most of the sexual disorders improve after hysterectomy for uterine benign diseases, and most of the patients who were sexually active before the surgery experienced the same or better sexual functioning after the surgery. An important solution for making these women ready to face with postoperative sexual complications is to train them on the basis of needs assessment in order that the patients undergoing hysterectomy be ready and capable of coping with the complications, and their sexual functioning improves after the surgery. PMID:26843731

  19. Postpartum Prolapsed Leiomyoma with Uterine Inversion Managed by Vaginal Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Pieh-Holder, Kelly L.; DeVente, James E.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Uterine inversion is a rare, but life threatening, obstetrical emergency which occurs when the uterine fundus collapses into the endometrial cavity. Various conservative and surgical therapies have been outlined in the literature for the management of uterine inversions. Case. We present a case of a chronic, recurrent uterine inversion, which was diagnosed following spontaneous vaginal delivery and recurred seven weeks later. The uterine inversion was likely due to a leiomyoma. This late-presenting, chronic, recurring uterine inversion was treated with a vaginal hysterectomy. Conclusion. Uterine inversions can occur in both acute and chronic phases. Persistent vaginal bleeding with the appearance of a prolapsing fibroid should prompt further investigation for uterine inversion and may require surgical therapy. A vaginal hysterectomy may be an appropriate management option in select populations and may be considered in women who do not desire to maintain reproductive function. PMID:25379314

  20. Comparative analysis of iatrogenic injury of biliary tract in laparotomic and laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    FORTUNATO, Andr Augusto; GENTILE, Joo Kleber de Almeida; CAETANO, Diogo Peral; GOMES, Marcus Aurlio Zaia; BASSI, Marco Antnio

    2014-01-01

    Background Iatrogenic injury to the bile ducts is the most feared complication of cholecystectomy and several are the possibilities to occur. Aim To compare the cases of iatrogenic lesions of the biliary tract occurring in conventional and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, assessing the likely causal factors, complications and postoperative follow-up. Methods Retrospective cohort study with analysis of records of patients undergoing conventional and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. All the patients were analyzed in two years. The only criterion for inclusion was to be operative bile duct injury, regardless of location or time of diagnosis. There were no exclusion criteria. Epidemiological data of patients, time of diagnosis of the lesion and its location were analyzed. Results Total of 515 patients with gallstones was operated, 320 (62.1 %) by laparotomy cholecystectomy and 195 by laparoscopic approach. The age of patients with bile duct injury ranged from 29-70 years. Among those who underwent laparotomy cholecystectomy, four cases were diagnosed (1.25 %) with lesions, corresponding to 0.77 % of the total patients. No patient had iatrogenic interventions with laparoscopic surgery. Conclusion Laparoscopic cholecystectomy compared to laparotomy, had a lower rate of bile duct injury. PMID:25626937

  1. Day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Al-Qahtani, Hamad H.; Alam, Mohammed K.; Asalamah, Saleh; Akeely, Mohammed; Ibrar, Mouhammed

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a day-case procedure. Methods: All consecutive patients who were admitted to the day-surgery unit for laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the Department of Surgery, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from July 2009 to June 2013 were considered for this retrospective study. The medical records were reviewed for age, gender, presenting symptoms, laboratory findings, imaging studies, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) grade, anesthesia, conversion to open cholecystectomy, complications, the operating surgeons, pain management, nausea, and vomiting, overnight stay, readmission, morbidity, mortality, and outpatient follow up were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 487 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a day case (ASA I=316, ASA II=171). Surgery was performed by high surgical trainees (HSTs) (n=417) and consultants (n=70) with conversion to open cholecystectomy in 4 patients. Twenty-two (5%) patients were admitted for overnight stay for different reasons, while 465 (95%) patients were discharged before 8 pm. Two patients (0.4 %) were re-admitted to the hospital due to abdominal pain. Five patients developed umbilical port site infection (1%). A total of 443 patients were satisfied (97%), while 14 (3%) were unsatisfied. There was no mortality or intra-abdominal septic collection. Conclusion: Day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and feasible with optimal patient selection, education, and planned postoperative antiemetic and analgesia management. PMID:25630004

  2. Revisional Laparoscopic Parastomal Hernia Repair

    PubMed Central

    Shalhoub, Joseph; Selvapatt, Nowlan; Darzi, Ara; Ziprin, Paul

    2008-01-01

    Background: We herein report a laparoscopically performed re-do operation on a patient who had previously undergone a laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair. Case Report: We describe the case of a 71-year-old patient who presented within 3 months of her primary laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair with recurrence. On relaparoscopy, dense adhesions to the mesh were found, and the mesh had migrated into the hernia sac. This had allowed loops of small bowel to herniate into the sac. The initial part of the procedure involved the lysis of adhesions. A piece of Gore-Tex DualMesh with a central keyhole and a radial slit was cut so that it could provide at least 3 cm to 5 cm of overlap of the fascial defect. The tails of the mesh were wrapped around the bowel, and the mesh was secured to the margins of the hernia with circumferential metal tacking and 4 transfascial sutures. The patient remains in satisfactory condition and no recurrence or any surgery-related problem has been observed during 8 months of follow-up. Conclusion: Revisional laparoscopic repair of parastomal hernias seems feasible and has been shown to be safe and effective in this case. The success of this approach depends on longer follow-up reports and standardization of the technical elements. PMID:19275858

  3. Laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann procedure

    PubMed Central

    Golash, Vishwanath

    2006-01-01

    Background: The Hartmann procedure is a standard life-saving operation for acute left colonic complications. It is usually performed as a temporary procedure with the intent to reverse it later on. This reversal is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality by open method. The laparoscopic reestablishment of intestinal continuity after Hartmann procedure has shown better results in terms of decrease in morbidity and mortality. Materials and Methods: The laparoscopic technique was used consecutively in 12 patients for the reversal of Hartmann procedure in the last 3 years. The adhesiolysis and mobilization of the colon was done under laparoscopic guidance. The colostomy was mobilized and returned to abdominal cavity after tying the anvil in the proximal end. An end-to-end intracorporeal anastomosis was performed between the proximal colon and the rectum using the circular stapler. Results: Mean age of the patients was 40 years and the mean time of restoration of intestinal continuity was 130 days. Two patients were converted to open. The mean time of operation was 90 min. There were no postoperative complications and mortality. The mean hospital stay was 5 days. Conclusion: Laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann is technically safe and feasible. PMID:21234148

  4. Incidence and clinical characteristics of unexpected uterine sarcoma after hysterectomy and myomectomy for uterine fibroids: a retrospective study of 10,248 cases

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Wan-Cheng; Bi, Fang-Fang; Li, Da; Yang, Qing

    2015-01-01

    Background Uterine fibroids often require a hysterectomy or myomectomy via laparotomy or laparoscopy. Morcellation is often necessary to perform a laparoscopic surgery. The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of unexpected uterine sarcomas (UUSs) after hysterectomy and myomectomy for uterine fibroids and to reduce the occurrence and avoid the morcellation of UUSs by analyzing their characteristics. Methods Women who had a hysterectomy or myomectomy for uterine fibroids in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University between November 2008 and November 2014 were selected for the study, and their clinical characteristics were analyzed. Results During the period, 48 UUSs were found in 10,248 cases, and the overall incidence was 0.47%. There was no statistical difference (P=0.449) regarding the incidence (0.50% vs 0.33%) between 42 UUSs in 8,456 cases undergoing laparotomy and six UUSs in 1,792 cases undergoing laparoscopy. Most of the UUSs were stage I (89.58%), which occurred more commonly (56.25%) in women aged 4049. Abnormal uterine bleeding (39.58%) was the main clinical manifestation. Rapidly growing pelvic masses (12.5%), rich blood flow signals (18.75%), and degeneration of uterine fibroids (18.75%) prompted by ultrasonography may suggest the possibility of UUSs. The margins of most UUSs (93.75%) were regular, which may cause UUSs to be misdiagnosed as uterine fibroids. Fifteen cases underwent magnetic resonance imaging examinations. Approximately 73.33% showed heterogeneous and hypointense signal intensity on T1-weighted images, and 80% showed intermediate-to-high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, with necrosis and hemorrhage in 40% of cases. After contrast administration, 80% presented early heterogeneous enhancement. Conclusion The incidence of UUSs after hysterectomy and myomectomy for uterine fibroids was low, and their clinical characteristics are atypical. It is necessary and very critical to make a complete and cautious preoperative evaluation to reduce the occurrence and avoid the morcellation of UUSs. PMID:26508879

  5. Anesthetic implications of laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed Central

    Cunningham, A. J.

    1998-01-01

    Minimally invasive therapy aims to minimize the trauma of any interventional process but still achieve a satisfactory therapeutic result. The development of "critical pathways," rapid mobilization and early feeding have contributed towards the goal of shorter hospital stay. This concept has been extended to include laparoscopic cholecystectomy and hernia repair. Reports have been published confirming the safety of same day discharge for the majority of patients. However, we would caution against overenthusiastic ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy on the rational but unproven assumption that early discharge will lead to occasional delays in diagnosis and management of postoperative complications. Intraoperative complications of laparoscopic surgery are mostly due to traumatic injuries sustained during blind trocar insertion and physiologic changes associated with patient positioning and pneumoperitoneum creation. General anesthesia and controlled ventilation comprise the accepted anesthetic technique to reduce the increase in PaCO2. Investigators have recently documented the cardiorespiratory compromise associated with upper abdominal laparoscopic surgery, and particular emphasis is placed on careful perioperative monitoring of ASA III-IV patients during insufflation. Setting limits on the inflationary pressure is advised in these patients. Anesthesiologists must maintain a high index of suspicion for complications such as gas embolism, extraperitoneal insufflation and surgical emphysema, pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum. Postoperative nausea and vomiting are among the most common and distressing symptoms after laparoscopic surgery. A highly potent and selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, ondansetron, has proven to be an effective oral and IV prophylaxis against postoperative emesis in preliminary studies. Opioids remain an important component of the anesthesia technique, although the introduction of newer potent NSAIDs may diminish their use. A preoperative multimodal analgesic regimen involving skin infiltration with local anesthesia. NSAIDs to attenuate peripheral pain and opioids for central pain may reduce postoperative discomfort and expedite patient recovery/discharge. There is no conclusive evidence to demonstrate clinically significant effects of nitrous oxide on surgical conditions during laparoscopic cholecystectomy or on the incidence of postoperative emesis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has proven to be a major advance in the treatment of patients with symptomatic gallbladder disease. PMID:10604786

  6. A Simple Laparoscopic Procedure to Restore a Normal Vaginal Length After Colpohysterectomy With Large Upper Colpectomy forCervical and/or Vaginal Neoplasia.

    PubMed

    Leblanc, Eric; Bresson, Lucie; Merlot, Benjamin; Puga, Marco; Kridelka, Frederic; Tsunoda, Audrey; Narducci, Fabrice

    2016-01-01

    Colpohysterectomy is sometimes associated with a large upper colpectomy resulting in a shortened vagina, potentially impacting sexual function. We report on a preliminary experience of a laparoscopic colpoplasty to restore a normal vaginal length. Patients with shortened vaginas after a laparoscopic colpohysterectomy were considered for a laparoscopic modified Davydov's procedure to create a new vaginal vault using the peritoneum of the rectum and bladder. From 2010 to 2014, 8 patients were offered this procedure, after informed preoperative consent. Indications were 2 extensive recurrent vaginal intraepithelial neoplasias grade 3 and 6 radical hysterectomies for cervical cancer. Mean vaginal length before surgery was 3.8cm (standard deviation, 1.6). Median operative time was 50minutes (range, 45-90). Blood loss was minimal (50-100mL). No perioperative complications occurred. Median vaginal length at discharge was 11.3cm (range, 9-13). Sexual intercourse could be resumed around 10weeks after surgery. At a median follow-up of 33.8months (range, 2.4-51.3), 6 patients remained sexually active but 2 had stopped. Although this experience is small, this laparoscopic modified Davydov's procedure seems to be an effective procedure, adaptable to each patient's anatomy. If the initial postoperative regular self-dilatation is carefully observed, vaginal patency is durably restored and enables normal sexual function. PMID:26299773

  7. UNEXPECTED OVARIAN MALIGNANCY FOUND AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY IN PATIENTS WITH ADNEXAL MASSES A SINGLE INSTITUTIONAL EXPERIENCE

    PubMed Central

    SAITO, SHIGEKO; KAJIYAMA, HIROAKI; MIWA, YOKO; MIZUNO, MIKA; KIKKAWA, FUMITAKA; TANAKA, SHIHO; OKAMOTO, TOMOMITSU

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Laparoscopy has become the standard surgery for the treatment of benign ovarian tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of laparoscopy for ovarian tumors, including those with malignant potential. A total of 487 patients with adnexal masses underwent laparoscopic surgery in Social Insurance Chukyo Hospital from January 2000 to December 2012.We reviewed 471 cases that fulfilled the criteria set for this study, and examined 10 cases with unexpected ovarian malignancy to analyze their preoperative diagnosis, second surgery, postoperative chemotherapy, and prognosis. The ages of the 471 patients ranged from 13 to 50 years, with a median of 31. Nulliparous patients numbered 321(68.1%).Of all, 436 patients mostly consisted of those with endometrioma, benign ovarian neoplasm or functional cyst. In all, we histologically identified 10 women with malignancy: 6 with borderline ovarian tumors (BOT), 2 with ovarian cancer, and 2 with histologically rare tumors (immature teratoma and granulosa cell tumor). All patients with BOT were diagnosed with a mucinous histology. Two patients underwent both second radical surgery (hysterectomy and contra- or bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy) and chemotherapies that consisted of CBDCA and PTX or DTX. Thus, 2 patients underwent staging procedures, but the remaining 8 cases did not. None of them had evidence of recurrences. With accurate staging and careful postoperative follow-up, laparoscopic surgery could be a feasible initial operation for patients with adnexal masses including early-stage ovarian malignancy. PMID:25129994

  8. Laparoscopic Salpingo-oophorectomy in Conscious Sedation

    PubMed Central

    Bramante, Silvia; Conti, Fiorella; Rizzi, Maria; Frattari, Antonella; Spina, Tullio

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Conscious sedation has traditionally been used for laparoscopic tubal ligation. General anesthesia with endotracheal intubation may be associated with side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, cough, and dizziness, whereas sedation offers the advantage of having the patient awake and breathing spontaneously. Until now, only diagnostic laparoscopy and minor surgical procedures have been performed in patients under conscious sedation. Case Description: Our report describes 5 cases of laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy successfully performed with the aid of conventional-diameter multifunctional instruments in patients under local anesthesia. Totally intravenous sedation was provided by the continuous infusion of propofol and remifentanil, administered through a workstation that uses pharmacokineticpharmacodynamic models to titrate each drug, as well as monitoring tools for levels of conscious sedation and local anesthesia. We have labelled our current procedure with the acronym OLICS (Operative Laparoscopy in Conscious Sedation). Four of the patients had mono- or bilateral ovarian cysts and 1 patient, with the BRCA1 gene mutation and a family history of ovarian cancer, had normal ovaries. Insufflation time ranged from 19 to 25 minutes. All patients maintained spontaneous breathing throughout the surgical procedure, and no episodes of hypotension or bradycardia occurred. Optimal pain control was obtained in all cases. During the hospital stay, the patients did not need further analgesic drugs. All the women reported high or very high satisfaction and were discharged within 18 hours of the procedure. Discussion and Conclusion: Salpingo-oophorectomy in conscious sedation is safe and feasible and avoids the complications of general anesthesia. It can be offered to well-motivated patients without a history of pelvic surgery and low to normal body mass index. PMID:26175550

  9. Long-term cancer risk after hysterectomy on benign indications: Population-based cohort study.

    PubMed

    Altman, Daniel; Yin, Li; Falconer, Henrik

    2016-06-01

    Hysterectomy on benign indications is associated with an increased risk for adverse health effects. However, little is known about the association between hysterectomy and subsequent cancer occurrence later in life. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of hysterectomy on the incidence of cancer. In this population-based cohort study, we used data on 111,595 hysterectomized and 537,9843 nonhysterectomized women from nationwide Swedish Health Care registers including the Inpatient Register, the Cancer Register and the Cause of Death Register between 1973 and 2009. Hysterectomy with or without concomitant bilateral salpingo-ophorectomy (BSO) performed on benign indications was considered as exposure and incidence of primary cancers was used as outcome measure. Rare primary cancers (<100 cases for the two groups combined) were excluded from analysis. A marginal risk reduction for any cancer was observed for women with previous hysterectomy and for those with hysterectomy and concurrent BSO (HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.91-0.95 and HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.87-0.96, respectively). Compared to nonhysterectomized women, significant risks were observed for thyroid cancer (HR 1.76, 95% CI 1.45-2.14). For both hysterectomy and hysterectomy with BSO, an association with brain cancer was observed (HR 1.48, 95% CI 1.32-1.65 and HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.15-1.83, respectively). Hysterectomy, with or without BSO, was not associated with breast, lung or gastrointestinal cancer. We conclude that hysterectomy on benign indications is associated with an increased risk for thyroid and brain cancer later in life. Further research efforts are needed to identify patient groups at risk of malignancy following hysterectomy. PMID:26800386

  10. Laparoscopic excision of abdominal wall desmoid tumor.

    PubMed

    Meshikhes, Abdul-Wahed; Al-Zahrani, Hana; Ewies, Tarek

    2016-02-01

    Open surgical resection is the mainstay treatment for desmoid tumors. Laparoscopic resection is rarely used and not well described in the literature. We report a case of a single, 35-year-old woman who presented with palpable abdominal wall desmoid tumor. The patient had had laparoscopic cholecystectomy 2 years earlier, and the tumor was at the insertion site of the right upper quadrant trocar. The diagnosis was made by a Tru-Cut biopsy at another institution, after the lesion had increased in size and caused increased discomfort. The patient underwent successful laparoscopic resection of the tumor. This report aimed to promote laparoscopic resection of abdominal wall desmoid tumors, whenever feasible, and describe the laparoscopic technique. We believe this is the second case of laparoscopic excision of desmoid tumor reported in the English-language literature. PMID:26781534

  11. Dexmedetomidine in Postoperative Analgesia in Patients Undergoing Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Ren, Chunguang; Chi, Meiying; Zhang, Yanwei; Zhang, Zongwang; Qi, Feng; Liu, Zhong

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Both dexmedetomidine and sufentanil modulate spinal analgesia by different mechanisms, and yet no human studies are available on their combination for analgesia during the first 72 hours after abdominal hysterectomy. This CONSORT-prospective, randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination of dexmedetomidine and sufentanil in intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for 72 hours after abdominal hysterectomy. Ninety women undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy were divided into 3 equal groups that received sufentanil (Group C; 0.02??g/kg/h), sufentanil plus dexmedetomidine (Group D1; 0.02??g/kg/h, each), or sufentanil (0.02??g/kg/h) plus dexmedetomidine (0.05??g/kg/h) (Group D2) for 72 hours after surgery in this double-blinded, randomized study. The primary outcome measure was the postoperative sufentanil consumption, whereas the secondary outcome measures were pain intensity (visual analogue scale), requirement of narcotic drugs during the operation, level of sedation, Bruggrmann comfort scale, and concerning adverse effects. The postoperative sufentanil consumption was significantly lower in Groups D1 and D2 than in Group C during the observation period (P?hysterectomy during the first 72 hours after abdominal hysterectomy. PMID:26266386

  12. Association between Fellowship Training, Surgical Volume, and Laparoscopic Suturing Techniques among Members of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists

    PubMed Central

    Scott, Lauren; Miladinovic, Branko; Imudia, Anthony N.; Hart, Stuart

    2016-01-01

    Study Objective. To compare surgical volume and techniques including laparoscopic suturing among members of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (AAGL) according to fellowship training status. Design. A web-based survey was designed using Qualtrics and sent to AAGL members. Results. Minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (FMIGS) trained surgeons were more likely to perform more than 8 major conventional laparoscopic cases per month (63% versus 38%, P < 0.001, OR [95% CI] = 2.78 [1.54–5.06]) and were more likely to perform laparoscopic suturing during these cases (32% versus 16%, P < 0.004, OR [95% CI] = 2.44 [1.25–4.71]). The non-fellowship trained (NFT) surgeons in private practice were less likely to perform over 8 conventional laparoscopic cases (34% versus 51%, P = 0.03, OR [95% CI] = 0.50 [0.25–0.99]) and laparoscopic suturing during these cases (13% versus 27%, P = 0.01, OR [95% CI] = 0.39 [0.17–0.92]) compared to NFT surgeons in academic practice. Conclusion. The surgical volume and utilization of laparoscopic suturing of FMIGS trained surgeons are significantly increased compared to NFT surgeons. Academic practice setting had a positive impact on surgical volume of NFT surgeons but not on FMIGS trained surgeons. PMID:26885389

  13. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer

    PubMed Central

    Hirano, Yasumitsu; Hattori, Masakazu; Douden, Kenji; Ishiyama, Yasuhiro; Hashizume, Yasuo

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To determine the effect of single-incision laparoscopic colectomy (SILC) for colorectal cancer on short-term clinical and oncological outcomes by comparison with multiport conventional laparoscopic colectomy (CLC). METHODS: A systematic review was performed using MEDLINE for the time period of 2008 to December 2014 to retrieve all relevant literature. The search terms were “laparoscopy”, “single incision”, “single port”, “single site”, “SILS”, “LESS” and “colorectal cancer”. Publications were included if they were randomized controlled trials, case-matched controlled studies, or comparative studies, in which patients underwent single-incision (SILS or LESS) laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Studies were excluded if they were non-comparative, or not including surgery involving the colon or rectum. A total of 15 studies with 589 patients who underwent SILC for colorectal cancer were selected. RESULTS: No significant differences between the groups were noted in terms of mortality or morbidity. The benefit of the SILC approach included reduction in conversion rate to laparotomy, but there were no significant differences in other short-term clinical outcomes between the groups. Satisfactory oncological surgical quality was also demonstrated for SILC for the treatment of colorectal cancer with a similar average lymph node harvest and proximal and distal resection margin length as multiport CLC. CONCLUSION: SILC can be performed safely with similar short-term clinical and oncological outcomes as multiport CLC. PMID:26843918

  14. Laparoscopic management of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors

    PubMed Central

    Correa-Cote, Juan; Morales-Uribe, Carlos; Sanabria, Alvaro

    2014-01-01

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most frequent gastrointestinal tumors of mesodermal origin. Gastric GISTs represent approximately 70% of all gastrointestinal GISTs. The only curative option is surgical resection. Many surgical groups have shown good results with the laparoscopic approach. There have not been any randomized controlled trials comparing the open vs laparoscopic approach, and all recommendations have been based on observational studies. The experience obtained from gastric laparoscopic surgery during recent decades and the development of specific devices have allowed the treatment of most gastric GISTs through the laparoscopic approach. PMID:25031788

  15. Surgery

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Minimally invasive hysterectomy (laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy and robotic total laparoscopic hysterectomy): the uterus and cervix are ... vagina with the assistance of a laparoscope or robotic device (a small tubelike viewing instrument) that is ...

  16. Laparoscopic Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision (taTME) for Rectal Cancer.

    PubMed

    Maykel, Justin A

    2015-10-01

    Proper treatment of adenocarcinoma of the rectum demands a systematic, multidisciplinary approach where surgery remains the cornerstone of treatment. An evolving shift toward minimally invasive surgical approaches for rectal cancer continues to be hampered by the challenges of reliable pelvic exposure and adequate instrumentation for rectal dissection, distal rectal division, and low pelvic anastomosis. The laparoscopic transanal total mesorectal excision surgery has been developed as a novel alternative that provides solutions to many of the limitations of conventional open, laparoscopic and robotic proctectomy. This manuscript will describe the procedure in detail and attempt to define its role as the optimal surgical approach for rectal resection. PMID:26129653

  17. A Qualitative Study of Women's Decisions Not to Have a Hysterectomy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fredericks, Erin

    2013-01-01

    In focusing on individual and physician demographics and system characteristics that lead to hysterectomy rate variations, researchers overlook the impact of culturally mediated meanings women assign to their bodies, hysterectomy, and other treatments. In this study I sought to provide a fuller description of this decision-making process by…

  18. Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be performed as part of a hysterectomy . 5 Robotic Assisted Laparoscopy Robot ic assi sted laparoscopic surgery ( ... of performing operative laparoscopy using conventional techniques versus robotic assistance, there is no doubt that some surgeons ...

  19. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography for choledocholithiasis after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery

    PubMed Central

    Milella, Marialessia; Alfa-Wali, Maryam; Leuratti, Luca; McCall, James; Bonanomi, Gianluca

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Gallstones are a common condition in bariatric patients after a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). The management of ductal stones is challenging due to the altered gastrointestinal anatomy. Various techniques have been reported to manage bile duct stones. PRESENTATION OF CASE We present the successful percutaneous trans hepatic management of common bile duct stones after LRYGB. One year after a LRYGB for morbid obesity, a 59-year-old female presented with acute cholecystitis. One month after laparoscopic cholecystectomy a 1cm calculus was found within the distal CBD and patient underwent a percutaneous trans hepatic cholangiography under local anesthetic. This involved a right sided anterior segmental duct puncture. With the sphincter dilated to 10mm, a balloon catheter was used to push the stone into the duodenum leaving an internal- external drain. Patient recovered completely at follow up. DISCUSSION Patients with morbid obesity have a higher incidence of gallstones. After LRYGB, the altered anatomy does not allow the conventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for choledocholithiasis. Various techniques have been reported as means of managing bile duct stones in LRYGB patients. These include a double balloon enteroscope-assisted ERCP, laparoscopic transgastric ERCP, laparoscopic or open biliary surgery and interventional radiology. We report a non-surgical approach using percutaneous transhepatic technique under local anesthetic that resulted effective and could be applied more extensively. CONCLUSION Due to the increase of global obesity, bariatric centers need to strategically plan resources such as interventional radiology in order to manage post LRYGB choledocholithiasis safely, efficiently and in a cost effective manner. PMID:24705194

  20. Feasibility and Validation of Single-Port Laparoscopic Surgery for Simple-Adhesive or Nonadhesive Ileus.

    PubMed

    Okamoto, Hirotaka; Maruyama, Suguru; Wakana, Hiroyuki; Kawashima, Kenji; Fukasawa, Toshio; Fujii, Hideki

    2016-01-01

    A single incisional laparoscopic surgery (SILS) approach is increasingly being used, taking advantage of the minimally invasive technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and the validation of SILS procedure for small bowel obstruction (SBO).Sixteen consecutive patients with SBO who underwent SILS release of ileus between April 2010 and March 2015 were compared with the conventional multiport laparoscopic treatment group of 16 patients matched for age, gender, and surgical procedure.Laparoscopic treatment was completed in a total of 14 patients in SILS group and 13 in multiport laparoscopic group. Two cases and 3 cases were converted to multiport laparoscopic surgery or open surgery. Eight patients with nonscar and nonadhesive ileus, such as internal hernia, obturator hernia, gallstone ileus, and intestinal invagination, were treated successfully in the laparoscopic procedure. There was no mortality in either of the groups. The mean procedural time was 105?minutes in the SILS group and 116?minutes in the multiport laparoscopic group. The mean amount of blood loss was not statistically different in either of groups (15?ml vs. 23?ml). Patients resumed oral intake after a mean of 2 days in the SILS and 3 days in the multiport groups with the statistically difference. The length of hospital stay was shorter in the SILS group (5 days vs. 7 days) with no statistically difference. Perioperative morbidity was seen in 2 patients in the SILS group and 3 patients in the multiport group.SILS approach has superior and/or similar perioperative outcomes to multiport approach for SBO. SILS release of ileus as an ultra-minimal invasion technique is feasible, effective, and offers benefits with cosmesis in simple adhesive or scar-less nonadhesive ileus patients. PMID:26825912

  1. Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy. Results of a multicenter trial.

    PubMed Central

    Fitzgibbons, R J; Camps, J; Cornet, D A; Nguyen, N X; Litke, B S; Annibali, R; Salerno, G M

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy represents a viable alternative to the conventional repair and to assess whether a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing both procedures is warranted. METHODS: Three types of laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphies (transabdominal preperitoneal [TAPP], intraperitoneal onlay mesh [IPOM], and totally extraperitoneal [EXTRA]) were studied in a phase II design. Twenty-one investigators from 19 institutions participated. Approval from the local human research committee was required at each institution before patients could be enrolled. RESULTS: There were 686 patients with 869 hernias; 366 (42.1%) were direct, 414 (47.6%) were indirect, 22 (2.5%) were femoral, and 67 (7.7%) were combination hernias. The TAPP procedure was used for 562 hernias, the IPOM was used for 217 hernias, and the EXTRA was used for 87 hernias. Sixty-one patients had additional abdominal procedures performed at the time of laparoscopy without any adverse affects on their herniorrhaphies. The overall recurrence rate was 4.5%, with a minimum follow-up of 15 months. Complications were divided into the following three groups: 1) those related to laparoscopy, 2) those related to the patient, and 3) those related to the herniorrhaphy. Complications related to the laparoscopy occurred in 5.4% of patients; bleeding or abdominal wall hematomas occurred 31 times, (two patients required transfusion); one patient had bowel perforation, which was sutured laparoscopically; a bladder injury required laparotomy for management. Patient complications occurred in 6.7%. The majority involved the urinary tract (5.8%). Two patients required secondary abdominal procedures for adhesions, one for pain in the right lower quadrant and the other for adhesive small bowel obstruction. Postoperative myocardial infarction on day 5 resulted in the only operative mortality, for a rate of 0.1%. Complications related to the herniorrhaphy itself occurred in 17.1%. Most of these were minor, consisting of transient groin pain (3.5%), seroma (3.5%), transient leg pain (3.3%), hematoma (1.5%), or transient cord or testicular problems (0.9%). The incidence of leg pain decreased dramatically as surgeons became more familiar with the anatomy of the nerve supply to the groin when viewed laparoscopically. Ninety-three percent of patients were discharged within 24 hours of their operations. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy is an effective method to correct an inguinal hernia. It can be offered safely to patients undergoing other abdominal procedures. The TAPP, IPOM, and EXTRA procedures appear to be equally effective. A controlled randomized trial is needed to compare this procedure with conventional inguinal herniorrhaphy. PMID:7826159

  2. IERS conventions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCarthy, Dennis D.; Petit, Gerard

    2005-01-01

    The International Celestial Reference Frame (ICRF) is currently a radio reference frame accessed through VLBI that is refined with technique-dependent improvements described in this Joint Discussion. An important component of the International Celestial Reference System (ICRS) that is the basis for this frame is the set of conventional models and procedures that are used to define the system. The IERS Conventions Center provided jointly by the U.S. Naval Observatory (USNO) and the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) produces the IERS Conventions that contain the models and procedures needed to realize and access the ICRS. The key elements of the Conventions related to the ICRS are outlined and recent improvements are highlighted. Improvements in the IERS Conventions (models and procedures) should play a role by globally improving IERS products.

  3. Pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic pringle maneuver in patients with severe cirrhosis.

    PubMed

    Miyagi, Shigehito; Nakanishi, Chikashi; Kawagishi, Naoki; Kamei, Takashi; Satomi, Susumu; Ohuchi, Noriaki

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic hepatectomy is a standard surgical procedure. However, it is difficult to perform in patients with severe cirrhosis because of fibrosis and a high risk of hemorrhage. We report our recent experience in five cases of pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver in patients with severe cirrhosis. From 2012 to 2014, we performed pure laparoscopic partial hepatectomy in five patients with severe liver cirrhosis (indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min [ICG R15] >30% and fibrosis stage f4). A pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver was employed in all patients. We investigated operative time, blood loss, duration of hospitalization and the days when discharge was possible, and compared these findings with those of patients with a normal liver (ICG R15 <10%, f0) who underwent pure laparoscopic partial hepatectomy during the same period (n = 7). As a result, operative time, blood loss, duration of hospitalization and the days when discharge was possible were similar in patients with cirrhosis undergoing pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver to those in patients with a normal liver undergoing pure laparoscopic partial hepatectomy. In conclusion, pure laparoscopic hepatectomy combined with a pure laparoscopic Pringle maneuver appears to be safe in patients with severe cirrhosis. PMID:26034471

  4. Simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery new experience with port placement

    PubMed Central

    Panek, Wojciech; Lewandowski, Jaroslaw; Tuchendler, Tomasz; Urba?czyk, Grzegorz; Litarski, Adam; Apozna?ski, Wojciech

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to describe simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery, to discuss the details of a convenient laparoscopic approach and the way of port placement, as well as to present a review of the literature concerning combined laparoscopic procedures. A 72-year-old woman was admitted to our department because of a tumor of the right adrenal gland and a small tumor of the right kidney. The patient underwent simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery. The postoperative period was uncomplicated. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the 4th postoperative day. We believe that the proposed way of trocar placement would help to avoid a rollover problem between the laparoscope and a Satinsky clamp or a crossing swords problem between a Satinsky clamp and manipulators. PMID:24501608

  5. Laparoscopic approach to retrorectal cyst

    PubMed Central

    Gunkova, Petra; Martinek, Lubomir; Dostalik, Jan; Gunka, Igor; Vavra, Petr; Mazur, Miloslav

    2008-01-01

    Retrorectal cysts are rare benign lesions in the presacral space which are frequently diagnosed in middle-aged females. We report here our experience with two symptomatic female patients who were diagnosed as having a retrorectal cyst and managed using a laparoscopic approach. The two patients were misdiagnosed as having an ovarian cystic lesion after abdominal ultrasonography. Computer tomography (CT) scan was mandatory to establish the diagnosis. The trocar port site was the same in both patients. An additional left oophorectomy was done for a coexisting ovarian cystic lesion in one patient in the same setting. There was no postoperative morbidity or mortality and the two patients were discharged on the 5th and 6th post operative days, respectively. Our cases show that laparoscopic management of retrorectal cysts is a safe approach. It reduces surgical trauma and offers an excellent tool for perfect visualization of the deep structures in the presacral space. PMID:19030218

  6. Laparoscopic left pancreatectomy: current concepts.

    PubMed

    Abu Hilal, Mohammad; Takhar, Arjun S

    2013-01-01

    The minimally invasive approach has been slow to gain acceptance in the field of pancreatic surgery even though its advantages over the open approach have been extensively documented in the medical literature. The reasons for the reluctant use of the technique are manifold. Laparoscopic distal or left sided pancreatic resections have slowly become the standard approach to lesions of the pancreatic body and tail as a result of evolution in technology and experience. A number of studies have shown the potential advantages of the technique in terms of safety, blood loss, oncological and economic feasibility, hospital stay and time to recovery from surgery. This review aims to provide an overview of the recent advances in the field of laparoscopic left pancreatectomy (LLP) and discuss potential future developments. PMID:23890145

  7. Laparoscopic Excision of Retroperitoneal Schwannoma

    PubMed Central

    Rajkumar, J S; Anirudh, J R; Akbar, S; Kishore, C M

    2015-01-01

    Schwannomas are tumours that arise from the myelin sheath of the nerves. A very unusual location for schwannoma is the retro peritoneal areas (less than 2%). We present herewith a patient who had a 4x5cm Schwannoma arising from the nerve root of L2 on the right side, which presented as a lump in the psoas major muscle. This was treated by total laparoscopic excision after splitting open the psoas major. In the published english medical literature we could find only 16 cases of laparoscopic resection of retroperitoneal schwannoma and we believe ours to be the first case that was done through a psoas muscle split technique. Technical and histopathological details are discussed elaborately in this article. PMID:26676094

  8. Laparoscopic Excision of Retroperitoneal Schwannoma.

    PubMed

    Rajkumar, J S; Ganesh, Deepa; Anirudh, J R; Akbar, S; Kishore, C M

    2015-11-01

    Schwannomas are tumours that arise from the myelin sheath of the nerves. A very unusual location for schwannoma is the retro peritoneal areas (less than 2%). We present herewith a patient who had a 4x5cm Schwannoma arising from the nerve root of L2 on the right side, which presented as a lump in the psoas major muscle. This was treated by total laparoscopic excision after splitting open the psoas major. In the published english medical literature we could find only 16 cases of laparoscopic resection of retroperitoneal schwannoma and we believe ours to be the first case that was done through a psoas muscle split technique. Technical and histopathological details are discussed elaborately in this article. PMID:26676094

  9. Enhanced visualization of the bile duct via parallel white light and indocyanine green fluorescence laparoscopic imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demos, Stavros G.; Urayama, Shiro

    2014-03-01

    Despite best efforts, bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a major potential complication. Precise detection method of extrahepatic bile duct during laparoscopic procedures would minimize the risk of injury. Towards this goal, we have developed a compact imaging instrumentation designed to enable simultaneous acquisition of conventional white color and NIR fluorescence endoscopic/laparoscopic imaging using ICG as contrast agent. The capabilities of this system, which offers optimized sensitivity and functionality, are demonstrated for the detection of the bile duct in an animal model. This design could also provide a low-cost real-time surgical navigation capability to enhance the efficacy of a variety of other image-guided minimally invasive procedures.

  10. Laparoscopic repair of post-abdominoperineal resection hernia: biological mesh and augmentation technique.

    PubMed

    Chelala, E; Declercq, S

    2015-10-01

    Perineal hernias are infrequent complications following abdominoperineal surgeries. These hernias require surgical repair when they become symptomatic by several conventional or reconstructive techniques. The benefits of a full laparoscopic approach and/or the combined approach of a perineal repair of the pelvic floor associated to the laparoscopic placement of a traditional synthetic mesh have been previously demonstrated. In this article, we present the case of a perineal incisional hernia, post-abdominoperineal resection of the rectum after radio chemotherapy, in the neoadjuvant treatment of a rectal adenocarcinoma tumor. An alternative approach, not previously described for the surgical repair of this type of hernia, is presented to assess the feasibility of the suturing repair, and efficacy of a biological acellular porcine collagen implant Permacol(). A full laparoscopic suturing for the closure of the perineal defect associated to biological mesh reinforcement was successfully undertaken, with good short-term outcomes. PMID:24241325

  11. Laparoscopic Pectopexy: A Biomechanical Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Puppe, J.; Prescher, A.; Scaal, M.; Noé, G. K.; Schiermeier, S.; Warm, M.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Pectopexy, a laparoscopic method for prolapse surgery, showed promising results in recent literature. Further improving this approach by reducing surgical time may decrease complication rates and patient morbidity. Since laparoscopic suturing is a time consuming task, we propose a single suture /mesh ileo-pectineal ligament fixation as opposed to the commonly used continues approach. Methods Evaluation was performed on human non-embalmed, fresh cadaver pelves. A total of 33 trials was performed. Eight female pelves with an average age of 75, were used. This resulted in 16 available ligaments. Recorded parameters were ultimate load, displacement at failure and stiffness. Results The ultimate load for the mesh + simplified single “interrupted” suture (MIS) group was 35 (± 12) N and 48 (± 7) N for the mesh + continuous suture (MCS) group. There was no significant difference in the ultimate load between both groups (p> 0.05). This was also true for displacement at failure measured at 37 (± 12) mm and 36 (±5) mm respectively. There was also no significant difference in stiffness and failure modes. Conclusion Given the data above we must conclude that a continuous suture is not necessary in laparoscopic mesh / ileo-pectineal ligament fixation during pectopexy. Ultimate load and displacement at failure results clearly indicate that a single suture is not inferior to a continuous approach. The use of two single sutures may improve ligamental fixation. However, overall stability should not benefit since the surgical mesh remains the limiting factor. PMID:26844890

  12. Laparoscopic resection of hepatocellular carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Kluger, Michael D; Cherqui, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    The current treatment of HCC is truly multidisciplinary. Notwithstanding, surgical management remains the gold standard which other therapies are compared to. Operative management is divided into transplantation and resection; the latter is further subdivided among open and laparoscopic approaches. Resection has become safer, remains superior to locoregional treatments, and can be a life-prolonging bridge to transplantation. The decision to pursue laparoscopic resection for HCC is driven by safety and a view toward the long-term management of both the malignancy and the underlying liver disease. For patients with a solitary HCC <5cm in segments 2, 3, 4b, 5, and 6, no evidence of extrahepatic tumor burden, compensated liver disease, and the absence of significant portal hypertension, laparoscopy has an important role. Under these circumstances, resection can be performed with reduced mortality and morbidity and equivalent oncologic outcomes, disease-free survival, and overall survival when compared with similarly selected cirrhotic patients undergoing open resection. Blood loss and transfusion requirements are low, and laparoscopy itself does not expose the patient to complications and does not increase the risk of cancer recurrence or dissemination. Finally, because HCC recurrence remains high in the cirrhotic liver, treatment following surgical resection mandates routine surveillance and treatment by locoregional therapy, reresection, or transplantation as required-the latter two of which are facilitated by an initial laparoscopic resection. PMID:22941017

  13. Review. Laparoscopic appendicectomy: current status.

    PubMed Central

    Memon, M. A.

    1997-01-01

    Laparoscopic appendicectomy (LA), has failed to gain unequivocal acceptance by the general surgical community as an alternative to open appendicectomy (OA). This is because the early postoperative recovery leading to quicker hospital discharge, which led to the worldwide acceptance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, has not been universally seen with LA. Moreover, in the majority of the published series of LAs, there seems to be a trend towards an increased incidence of intra-abdominal abscesses. However, laparoscopy is superior to the 'watch and wait' policy where the diagnosis of appendicitis is questionable. Furthermore, since a large incision can be avoided by using the LA technique in obese patients, the incidence of postoperative morbidity can be reduced considerably. Nevertheless, before endorsing routine and widespread use of LA, it is essential that this technique is critically evaluated in well-designed, controlled, randomised trials, showing clearly the major benefits to the patient in terms of quicker hospital discharge, reduced postoperative pain, decreased wound infection and early return to full activities. Laparoscopic appendicectomy will never replace all open appendicectomies, but should become an alternative in certain groups of patients. PMID:9422862

  14. Laparoscopic implementation of the Altemeier procedure for recurrent rectal prolapse. Technical note

    PubMed Central

    La Greca, Gaetano; Sofia, Maria; Primo, Stefano; Randazzo, Valentina; Lombardo, Rosario; Russello, Domenico

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Many surgical options exist to treat rectal prolapse with different indications, feasibility and results in urgent and complicated cases. These include perineal or abdominal approaches including rectopexy with or without resection. Perineal approaches have reduced surgical invasivity and hospital stay if compared to transabdominal approaches by open surgery or laparoscopy. Up to now there was still a clear dividing line for surgical treatment between the perineal approach, used more for complicated emergency case while the transabdominal open, or laparoscopic approach more common in elective surgery, but more complex to perform. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 37 year old female patient affected by psychiatric disease presented with an unreducible second recurrence of a complicated rectal prolapse. The patient was treated with a third Altemeier procedure but now performed under laparoscopic control. The patient recovered promptly without any complication or recurrence up to the 24 months follow-up. DISCUSSION To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report describing the combined laparoscopic-perineal approach for the treatment of a complicated recurrence of rectal prolapse. The technical feasibility, the rapidity, the optimal outcome and the rationale behind this option all suggest that this laparoscopic assistance certainly allows an implementation of the effectiveness, safety and results of an established effective perineal approach. CONCLUSION This combined approach has the advantage of maintaining the simplicity and rapidity of conventional perineal surgery, adding the advantages of abdominal control and avoiding the risks, the invasivity, and the longer duration of more complex laparoscopic procedures. PMID:24846791

  15. Ureteral Obstruction Swine Model through Laparoscopy and Single Port for Training on Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty

    PubMed Central

    Díaz-Güemes Martín-Portugués, Idoia; Hernández-Hurtado, Laura; Usón-Casaús, Jesús; Sánchez-Hurtado, Miguel Angel; Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco Miguel

    2013-01-01

    This study aims firstly to assess the most adequate surgical approach for the creation of an ureteropelvic juntion obstruction (UPJO) animal model, and secondly to validate this model for laparoscopic pyeloplasty training among urologists. Thirty six Large White pigs (28.29±5.48 Kg) were used. The left ureteropelvic junction was occluded by means of an endoclip. According to the surgical approach for model creation, pigs were randomized into: laparoscopic conventional surgery (LAP) or single port surgery (LSP). Each group was further divided into transperitoneal (+T) or retroperitoneal (+R) approach. Time needed for access, surgical field preparation, wound closure, and total surgical times were registered. Social behavior, tenderness to the touch and wound inflammation were evaluated in the early postoperative period. After ten days, all animals underwent an Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty carried out by 9 urologists, who subsequently assessed the model by means of a subjective validation questionnaire. Total operative time was significantly greater in LSP+R (p=0.001). Tenderness to the touch was significantly increased in both retroperitoneal approaches, (p=0.0001). Surgeons rated the UPJO porcine model for training on laparoscopic pyeloplasty with high or very high scores, all above 4 on a 1-5 point Likert scale. Our UPJO animal model is useful for laparoscopic pyeloplasty training. The model created by retroperitoneal single port approach presented the best score in the subjective evaluation, whereas, as a whole, transabdominal laparoscopic approach was preferred. PMID:23801892

  16. Exposure of surgeons to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields during laparoscopic and robotic surgeries.

    PubMed

    Park, Jee Soo; Chung, Jai Won; Kim, Nam Kyu; Cho, Min Soo; Kang, Chang Moo; Choi, Soo Beom; Kim, Deok Won

    2015-02-01

    The development of new medical electronic devices and equipment has increased the use of electrical apparatuses in surgery. Many studies have reported the association of long-term exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) with diseases or cancer. Robotic surgery has emerged as an alternative tool to overcome the disadvantages of conventional laparoscopic surgery. However, there has been no report regarding how much ELF-MF surgeons are exposed to during laparoscopic and robotic surgeries. In this observational study, we aimed to measure and compare the ELF-MFs that surgeons are exposed to during laparoscopic and robotic surgery.The intensities of the ELF-MFs surgeons are exposed to were measured every 4 seconds for 20 cases of laparoscopic surgery and 20 cases of robotic surgery using portable ELF-MF measuring devices with logging capability.The mean ELF-MF exposures were 0.6 ± 0.1 mG for laparoscopic surgeries and 0.3 ± 0.0 mG for robotic surgeries (significantly lower with P < 0.001 by Mann-Whitney U test).Our results show that the ELF-MF exposure levels of surgeons in both robotic and conventional laparoscopic surgery were lower than 2 mG, which is the most stringent level considered safe in many studies. However, we should not overlook the effects of long-term ELF-MF exposure during many surgeries in the course of a surgeon's career. PMID:25674758

  17. Single-port laparoscopic debulking surgery of variant benign metastatic leiomyomatosis with simultaneous lymphatic spreading and intraperitoneal seeding

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Yoo Hyun; Lee, Suk Woo; Shin, So Young; Rhim, Chae Chun; Im, Soyoung; Yoo, Sie Hyeon

    2015-01-01

    Benign metastatic leiomyomatosis (BML) is a rare disease characterized by smooth muscle cell proliferation in extrauterine sites including the lung, abdomen, pelvis, and retroperitoneum. Depending on location, BML is classified as intravenous leiomyomatosis and diffuse peritoneal leiomyomatosis. Pathogenesis of BML can be iatrogenic after previous myomectomy or hysterectomy, hormonal, or coelomic metaplasia. Treatment options are observation, hormonal suppression, and/or surgical debulking via laparotomy or laparoscopy. Laparoscopic surgery is gaining in popularity in the gynecologic field compared to laparotomic surgery and single-port laparoscopy has the benefits of cosmesis and early tissue extraction by transumbilical morcellation. We report a 39-year-old woman with BML who underwent single-port laparoscopy debulking surgery. PMID:26217603

  18. Radical Hysterectomy and Total Abdominal Vaginectomy for Primary Vaginal Cancer.

    PubMed

    Ozgul, Nejat; Basaran, Derman; Boyraz, Gokhan; Salman, Coskun; Yuce, Kunter

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this surgical video is to demonstrate en bloc radical removal of uterus and vagina in a patient with clinical early-stage vaginal cancer. Surgical treatment was offered to our patient for clinical early-stage primary vaginal cancer. An en bloc radical hysterectomy, systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy, and total abdominal vaginectomy were performed. Postoperative adjuvant radiation or chemotherapy was not recommended for completely resected pathologic stage I disease with no lymph node involvement and negative surgical margins. Radical surgery can be a treatment option for selected patients with primary vaginal cancer. PMID:26825828

  19. Incidental Intravascular Lipoleiomyomatosis in A Hysterectomy Specimen: How To Manage?

    PubMed Central

    Aslanova, Rakhshanda; Can, Nuray; Okten, Sabri Berkem; Aslan, Mehmet Musa

    2015-01-01

    Leiomyomas are common benign tumors in female gynaecologic surgery. They are originated from smooth muscle cells of the uterus and/or sometimes of the uterine vessels. Intravascular lipoleiomyomatosis is a very rare form of leiomyomas which grow within veins and can extend up to vena cava inferior and right heart chamber with cardiac symptoms and is diagnosed by cardiovascular surgeons. We report a case of incidental intravascular lipoleiomyomatosis which was confined to the uterus being diagnosed after a total abdominal hysterectomy by pathology and its management strategy. PMID:25738043

  20. Intraoperative laparoscopic complications for urological cancer procedures

    PubMed Central

    Montes, Sergio Fernndez-Pello; Rodrguez, Ivan Gonzalez; Ugarteburu, Rodrigo Gil; Villamil, Luis Rodrguez; Mendez, Begoa Diaz; Gil, Patricio Suarez; Madera, Javier Mosquera

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To structure the rate of intraoperative complications that requires an intraoperative or perioperative resolution. METHODS: We perform a literature review of Medline database. The research was focused on intraoperative laparoscopic procedures inside the field of urological oncology. General rate of perioperative complications in laparoscopic urologic surgery is described to be around 12.4%. Most of the manuscripts published do not make differences between pure intraoperative, intraoperative with postoperative consequences and postoperative complications. RESULTS: We expose a narrative statement of complications, possible solutions and possible preventions for most frequent retroperitoneal and pelvic laparoscopic surgery. We expose the results with the following order: retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery (radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy, nephroureterectomy and adrenalectomy) and pelvic laparoscopic surgery (radical prostatectomy and radical cystectomy). CONCLUSION: Intraoperative complications vary from different series. More scheduled reports should be done in order to better understand the real rates of complications. PMID:25984519

  1. [Laparoscopic anterior lumbar interbody spinal fusion].

    PubMed

    Beglaibter, Nahum; Zamir, Oded; Milgrum, Michael; Askenazi, Eli; Grinbaum, Ronit; Floman, Yzhar; Freund, Herbert

    2003-05-01

    The technique of Laparoscopic Anterior Lumbar Interbody Spinal Fusion (ALIF) has been developed in recent years for treating patients with spondylolisthesis, symptomatic degenerative disc disease and as salvage for failed posterior spinal fusion. The authors have performed 23 laparoscopic ALIF procedures with the close cooperation of spine and laparoscopic surgeons. This collaboration resulted in the successful laparoscopic completion of 87% of our cases. Postoperative length of stay was 2 days and patients required only minimal amounts of oral pain medications. Fourteen patients (70%) achieved excellent long term pain relief while 3 patients subsequently required an additional posterior fusion. There was only one major complication of bleeding from an ileac vein. Our results, similar to the results published by others, demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of laparoscopic ALIF. Further proof is still necessary to determine whether this procedure carries significant advantages vis-a-vis the open anterior or retroperitoneal approach. PMID:12803051

  2. Mexican beliefs and attitudes toward hysterectomy and gender-role ideology in marriage.

    PubMed

    Marván, Ma Luisa; Quiros, Vanessa; López-Vázquez, Esperanza; Ehrenzweig, Yamilet

    2012-01-01

    One hundred and sixty-one Mexican respondents completed a questionnaire that measured beliefs and attitudes toward hysterectomy and another that measured gender-role ideology in marriage (GRIMQ). The participants were divided into two groups according to the GRIMQ: "high machismo/marianismo" and "low machismo/marianismo" groups. The participants belonging to the first group showed the most negative attitudes toward hysterectomy. In this group, men showed more negative attitudes toward hysterctomy and were less likely than women to believe that hysterectomy has positive aspects. The findings are discussed in light of male dominance and female subordination that prevail in certain cultural groups of Mexico.xs. PMID:22577739

  3. SINGLE-INCISION VIDEOLAPAROSCOPIC APPENDECTOMY WITH CONVENTIONAL VIDEOLAPAROSCOPY EQUIPMENT

    PubMed Central

    PINHEIRO, Rodrigo Nascimento; SOUSA, Renato Costa; CASTRO, Fernanda Mesquita de Brito; de ALMEIDA, Roberta Oliveira; GOUVEIA, Gustavo de Castro; de OLIVEIRA, Viviane Rezende

    2014-01-01

    Background Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical emergency in daily practice, and is approached laparoscopically in many centers. Efforts have been undertaken for the development of minimally invasive techniques that reduce tissue trauma and offer improved cosmetic results, one of such being the single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS). Aim To present a minimally invasive technique for appendectomy (SILS) undertaken with conventional instruments. Method Eleven patients were treated in the emergency care center presenting abdominal pain in the right iliac fossa that was suggestive of appendicitis. Diagnostic investigation was subsequently conducted, including physical examination, laboratory and imaging exams (CT scan with intravenous contrast or total abdominal ultrasound), and the results were consistent with acute appendicitis. Thus, after consent, these patients underwent SILS appendectomy under general anesthesia with three trocars (two 10 mm and one 5 mm), using conventional and optical laparoscopic tweezers (10 mm, 30). The base and pedicle of the appendix were ligated with titanium LT 400 clips. The procedure occurred uneventfully. Inclusion criteria were absence of diffuse peritonitis, BMI (body mass index) less than 35 and absence of serious comorbidities or sepsis. Results Seven men and four women were operated with average age of 25.7 years and underwent appendectomy through this technique. Mean procedure duration was of 37.2 min. Regarding surgical findings, three had appendicitis in stage 1, four in stage 2 and four in stage 3. All patients improved well, without surgical complications, and did not require conversion to open surgery or conventional laparoscopy technique. Conclusion Appendectomy conducted through Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery is a feasible and promising technique that can be performed with conventional laparoscopic instruments. PMID:24676296

  4. Laparoscopic Repair of Paraesophageal Hernias

    PubMed Central

    Borao, Frank; Squillaro, Anthony; Mansson, Jonas; Barker, William; Baker, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Laparoscopy has quickly become the standard surgical approach to repair paraesophageal hernias. Although many centers routinely perform this procedure, relatively high recurrence rates have led many surgeons to question this approach. We sought to evaluate outcomes in our cohort of patients with an emphasis on recurrence rates and symptom improvement and their correlation with true radiologic recurrence seen on contrast imaging. Methods: We retrospectively identified 126 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic repair of a large paraesophageal hernia between 2000 and 2010. Clinical outcomes were reviewed, and data were collected regarding operative details, perioperative and postoperative complications, symptoms, and follow-up imaging. Radiologic evidence of any size hiatal hernia was considered to indicate a recurrence. Results: There were 95 female and 31 male patients with a mean age ( standard deviation) of 71 14 years. Laparoscopic repair was completed successfully in 120 of 126 patients, with 6 operations converted to open procedures. Crural reinforcement with mesh was performed in 79% of patients, and 11% underwent a Collis gastroplasty. Fundoplications were performed in 90% of patients: Nissen (112), Dor (1), and Toupet (1). Radiographic surveillance, obtained at a mean time interval of 23 months postoperatively, was available in 89 of 126 patients (71%). Radiographic evidence of a recurrence was present in 19 patients (21%). Reoperation was necessary in 6 patients (5%): 5 for symptomatic recurrence (4%) and 1 for dysphagia (1%). The median length of stay was 4 days. Conclusion: Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair results in an excellent outcome with a short length of stay when performed at an experienced center. Radiologic recurrence is observed relatively frequently with routine surveillance; however, many of these recurrences are small, and few patients require correction of the recurrence. Furthermore, these small recurrent hernias are often asymptomatic and do not seem to be associated with the same risk of severe complications developing as the initial paraesophageal hernia. PMID:25392650

  5. Laparoscopic Repair of Ventral Hernias

    PubMed Central

    Heniford, B Todd; Park, Adrian; Ramshaw, Bruce J.; Voeller, Guy

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic repair of ventral hernias. Summary Background Data: The recurrence rate after standard repair of ventral hernias may be as high as 12-52%, and the wide surgical dissection required often results in wound complications. Use of a laparoscopic approach may decrease rates of complications and recurrence after ventral hernia repair. Methods: Data on all patients who underwent laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) performed by 4 surgeons using a standardized procedure between November 1993 and October 2002 were collected prospectively (85% of patients) or retrospectively. Results: LVHR was completed in 819 of the 850 patients (422 men; 428 women) in whom it was attempted. Thirty-four percent of completed LVHRs were for recurrent hernias. The patient mean body mass index was 32; the mean defect size was 118 cm2. Mesh, averaging 344 cm2, was used in all cases. Mean operating time was 120 min, mean estimated blood loss was 49 mL, and hospital stay averaged 2.3 days. There were 128 complications in 112 patients (13.2%). One patient died of a myocardial infarction. The most common complications were ileus (3%) and prolonged seroma (2.6%). During a mean follow-up time of 20.2 months (range, 1-94 months), the hernia recurrence rate was 4.7%. Recurrence was associated with large defects, obesity, previous open repairs, and perioperative complications. Conclusion: In this large series, LVHR had a low rate of conversion to open surgery, a short hospital stay, a moderate complication rate, and a low risk of recurrence. PMID:14501505

  6. Outpatient laparoscopic appendectomy for acute appendicitis.

    PubMed

    Cash, Cassadra L; Frazee, Richard C; Smith, Randall W; Davis, Matthew L; Hendricks, John C; Childs, Ed W; Abernathy, Stephen W

    2012-02-01

    Laparoscopic appendectomy is the widely accepted treatment for acute appendicitis. This approach offers the potential of less pain, shorter hospital stay, and quicker return to activities. Traditionally, patients are hospitalized for 24 hours after laparoscopic appendectomy. This practice can be questioned due to the good results of other outpatient laparoscopic surgery. A retrospective review of 119 patients undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy for uncomplicated acute appendicitis was undertaken from January through September 2009; outpatient and inpatient laparoscopic appendectomies were compared. Patients were selected for outpatient management based upon physician discretion and their clinical course in operation and recovery rooms. Forty-two patients were dismissed on the day of surgery and 77 were admitted for 1 to 5 days postoperatively. No significant differences in age, gender, and preoperative comorbidities between outpatient and inpatient groups were found. Postoperative complications occurred in 2.4 per cent of outpatients and 11.7 per cent of inpatients (P = 0.16). Complications included superficial wound infections, urinary retention, urinary tract infection, intra-abdominal bleeding, pneumonia, and infected hematoma. Based upon this study, outpatient laparoscopic appendectomy can be performed safely in selected patients. This study provides the background for the present prospective protocol for routine outpatient laparoscopic appendectomy at our institution. PMID:22369831

  7. Laparoscopic approach to Meckel's diverticulum

    PubMed Central

    Papparella, Alfonso; Nino, Fabiano; Noviello, Carmine; Marte, Antonio; Parmeggiani, Pio; Martino, Ascanio; Cobellis, Giovanni

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To retrospective review the laparoscopic management of Meckel Diverticulum (MD) in two Italian Pediatric Surgery Centers. METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2012, 19 trans-umbilical laparoscopic-assisted (TULA) procedures were performed for suspected MD. The children were hospitalized for gastrointestinal bleeding and/or recurrent abdominal pain. Median age at diagnosis was 5.4 years (range 6 mo-15 years). The study included 15 boys and 4 girls. All patients underwent clinical examination, routine laboratory tests, abdominal ultrasound and technetium-99m pertechnetate scan, and patients with bleeding underwent gastrointestinal endoscopy. The abdominal exploration was performed with a 10 mm operative laparoscope. Pneumoperitoneum was established based on the body weight. Systematic overview of the peritoneal cavity allowed the ileum to be grasped with an atraumatic instrument. The complete exploration and surgical treatment of MD were performed extracorporeally, after intestinal exteriorization through the umbilicus. All patients demographics, main clinical features, diagnostic investigations, operative time, histopathology reports, conversion rate, hospital stay and complications were registered and analyzed. RESULTS: MD was identified in 17 patients, while 1 had an ileal duplication and 1 a jejunal hemangioma. Fifteen patients had painless intestinal bleeding, while 4 had recurrent abdominal pain and exhibited cyst like structures in an ultrasound study. Eleven patients had a positive technetium-99m pertechnetate scan. In the patients with bleeding, gastrointestinal endoscopy did not name the source of hemorrhage. All patients were subjected to a TULA surgical procedure. An intestinal resection/anastomosis was performed in 14 patients, while 4 had a wedge resection of the diverticulum and 1 underwent stapling diverticulectomy. All surgical procedures were performed without conversion to open laparotomy. Mean operative time was 75 min (range 40-115 min). No major surgical complications were recorded. The median hospital stay was 5-7 d (range 4-13 d). All patients are asymptomatic at a median follow up of 4, 5 years (range 10 mo-10 years). CONCLUSION: Trans-umbilical laparoscopic-assisted Meckels diverticulectomy is safe and effective in the treatment of MD, with excellent results. PMID:25009390

  8. Laparoscopic management of diverticular disease.

    PubMed

    Lipman, Jeremy M; Reynolds, Harry L

    2009-08-01

    Despite its potential advantages, laparoscopic management of diverticular disease is currently performed by a minority of surgeons on a small group of patients. However, the role for laparoscopy in diverticular disease continues to develop. At present, adequate evidence exists for the routine use of laparoscopy for uncomplicated diverticular disease. Complicated disease, including fistulizing disease and free perforation requires additional expertise and study. As the experience grows among individual surgeons and institutions, it can be expected that the complication and conversion rates will continue to decline allowing even further evolution of laparoscopy for the treatment of this challenging disease process. PMID:20676261

  9. [Laparoscopic surgeries in acute cholecystitis].

    PubMed

    Cherkasov, M F; Sitnikov, V N; Mitiurin, M S; Turbin, M V; Chinenaia, L V

    2004-01-01

    Results of 2035 laparoscopic cholecystectomies for acute cholecystitis and its complications were analyzed. Indications and contraindications are clarified. Some technical features made the procedure easier in perivesical infiltration and adhesive process in the upper abdominal cavity. Efficacy and safety of intrasurgical cholangiography are validated. Method of drainage of the common hepatic duct by Holsted-Pikovsky was used. Surgical algorithm adjusted to pathological changes of extrahepatic bile ducts revealed during intrasurgical cholangiography was developed that permits to apply widely mini-invasive technologies. PMID:14983157

  10. [Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in older patients].

    PubMed

    Modrzejewski, A; Borowski, M

    1993-11-01

    Operational risk of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in elderly patients has been retrospectively evaluated in 600 consecutive patients. Statistical correlation between age and risk factors as: biliary duct disease, adhesions, perforation of the gall bladder, necessity of extending of the incision, duration of the procedure, body temperature after LCh, morbidity, conversion rate from LCh to open cholecystectomy, has been tested. Despite of greater technical difficulties in elderly patients morbidity was not increased significantly. LCh in aged patients with cholecystitis is a safe method of choice. PMID:7817569

  11. Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy Alone or With Laparoscopic Herniorrhaphy

    PubMed Central

    Ekin, Gokhan; Duman, Ibrahim; Ilbey, Yusuf Ozlem; Erdogru, Tibet

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Prostate cancer and inguinal hernia are common health issues in men aged more than 50 years. Recently, more data are accumulating that laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR) can be performed in the same operation. The purpose of this study was to compare patients who underwent simultaneous extraperitoneal LRP (E-LRP) and LIHR with control patients who underwent only E-LRP in a matched-pairs design. Methods: Medical records of 215 patients were evaluated, and 20 patients who underwent E-LRP+LIHR were compared with 40 patients who underwent only E-LRP in a matched-pairs analysis. Preoperative clinical parameters (age, body mass index, prostate-specific antigen, clinical stage, Gleason score of the prostate biopsy, and prostate volume) and operative data (operation time, duration of catheterization, length of hospital stay, estimated blood loss, time to perform the anastomosis and its quality, and the percentage of patients with bilateral lymphadenectomy) were evaluated, as well as postoperative parameters (pathological stage, Gleason score, specimen weight, follow-up duration, biochemical recurrence, complication rates, and duration of postoperative analgesic treatment). Results: No statistically significant differences were found in the preoperative and operative parameters between the 2 study groups. Pathological parameters and the follow-up period and complication rates were similar between the 2 groups. Conclusion: Performing LIHR and E-LRP during the same operation is safe and feasible in the treatment of patients with prostate cancer and inguinal hernia. PMID:26941545

  12. Three-dimensional computed tomography in laparoscopic surgery for colorectal carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Ohtani, Hiroshi; Ohta, Kohei; Arimoto, Yuichi; Kim, Eui-Chul; Oba, Hiroko; Adachi, Kenji; Terakawa, Shoichi; Tsubakimoto, Mitsuo

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the usefulness of three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) in laparoscopic surgery for colorectal carcinoma. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with colorectal cancer who underwent curative operation at our hospital were enrolled in this study. They were classified into two groups by operative procedures. Sixteen patients underwent laparoscopic surgery, laparoscopic group (LG), while 56 patients underwent conventional open surgery, open group (OG). At our institution, contrast-enhanced CT is routinely performed as part of intra-abdominal screening and the 3D images of the major regional vessels are described. We have previously described about the preoperative visualization of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) by 3DCT. This time we newly acquired 3D images of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA)/superior mesenteric vein (SMV), ileocecal artery (ICA), middle colic artery (MCA), and inferior mesenteric vein (IMV). We have compared our two study groups with regard to five items, including clinical anastomotic leakage. We have discussed here the role of 3DCT in laparoscopic surgery for colorectal carcinoma. RESULTS: The mean length of the incision in LG was 4.6250.89 cm, which was significantly shorter than that in OG (P<0.001). The association between ICA and SMV and SMA was described in the right-sided colectomy. The preoperative imaging of IMA and IMV was created in the rectosigmoidectomy. There was no significant difference in anastomotic leakage between the two groups, but no patients in LG experienced anastomotic leakage. CONCLUSION: Most of the patients are satisfied with the shorter incisional length following laparoscopic surgery. Preoperative visualization of the major regional vessels may be helpful for the secure treatment of the anastomosis in laparoscopic surgery for colorectal carcinoma. PMID:16437595

  13. Laparoscopic Heminephrectomy of a Horseshoe Kidney

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Atif; Myatt, Andrew; Palit, Victor

    2011-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgery has revolutionized surgery for urologic disorders, and laparoscopic procedures have become widely available for several different ablative and reconstructive operations. Laparoscopic heminephrectomy in patients with horseshoe kidney can be a technically challenging procedure due to aberrant vessels, functional parenchyma in the isthmus, and abnormal location. We report the management of a case of symptomatic nonfunctioning left moiety of a horseshoe kidney with emphasis on its surgical technique combined with a review of the literature. Laparoscopic heminephrectomy is a feasible option in the surgical management of benign and malignant conditions of the horseshoe kidney and can be performed safely using a transperitoneal or a retroperitoneal approach. PMID:21985738

  14. Robotic Versus Abdominal Hysterectomy for Very Large Uteri

    PubMed Central

    Gallo, Taryn; Silasi, Michelle; Menderes, Gulden; Azodi, Masoud

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objectives: We sought to examine the outcomes of patients with myomatous uteri weighing >1000 g who underwent hysterectomy by one of two modalities, either with a robotic system or by laparotomy. Methods: All patients who underwent robotic hysterectomy for uteri weighing >1000 g at our institution between May 2007 and January 2011 were identified, and a retrospective chart review was performed. These patients were matched to a laparotomy control group by body mass index and uterine weight, and the postoperative outcomes in both groups were analyzed and compared. Results: Sixty patients with uteri weighing >1000 g underwent hysterectomy, 30 with the robotic system and 30 by laparotomy. The median body mass index was 31.8 kg/m2 (range, 18.556.3 kg/m2) and the median uterine weight was 1259 g (range, 10003543 g) in the robotic group versus 30.2 kg/m2 (range, 1848 kg/m2) and 1509 g (range, 10003570 g), respectively, in the laparotomy group (P = .31). The median operating time was 255 minutes (range, 180372 minutes) in the robotic group versus 150 minutes (range, 100285 minutes) in the laparotomy group (P < .001). There were no conversions to laparotomy. In both groups the operative time was not increased with increasing specimen weight. The median blood loss was 150 mL in the robotic group versus 425 mL in the laparotomy group. Of 30 patients in the robotic group, 23 (76.6%) were discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 1. The median hospital stay for the robotic group was 1 day, and for the laparotomy group, it was 2.5 days (P < .01). Conclusion: Robotic surgeries for very large myomatous uteri are feasible and have minimal morbidity even in morbidly obese patients. The robotic surgery requires a longer operative time but results in a shorter hospital stay and decreased intraoperative blood loss. PMID:24018076

  15. Complications of Laparoscopic Gynecologic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Fuentes, Maria Naveiro; Naveiro Rilo, Jos Cesreo; Paredes, Aida Gonzlez; Aguilar Romero, Mara Teresa; Parra, Jorge Fernndez

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: To analyze the frequency of complications during laparoscopic gynecologic surgery and identify associated risk factors. Methods: A descriptive observational study was performed between January 2000 and December 2012 and included all gynecologic laparoscopies performed at our center. Variables were recorded for patient characteristics, indication for surgery, length of hospital stay (in days), major and minor complications, and conversions to laparotomy. To identify risk factors and variables associated with complications, crude and adjusted odds ratios were calculated with unconditional logistic regression. Results: Of all 2888 laparoscopies included, most were procedures of moderate difficulty (adnexal surgery) (54.2%). The overall frequency of major complications was 1.93%, and that of minor complications was 4.29%. The level of technical difficulty and existence of prior abdominal surgery were associated with a higher risk of major complications and conversions to laparotomy. Conclusion: Laparoscopic gynecologic surgery is associated with a low frequency of complications but is a procedure that is not without risk. Greater technical difficulty and prior surgery were factors associated with a higher frequency of complications. PMID:25392659

  16. Enhanced recovery after surgery with laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for stomach carcinomas

    PubMed Central

    Abdikarim, Ikram; Cao, Xue-Yuan; Li, Shou-Zhen; Zhao, Yin-Quan; Taupyk, Yerlan; Wang, Quan

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To study the efficacy of the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program in laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for stomach carcinomas. METHODS: From June 2010 to December 2012, 61 gastric cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic-assisted radical gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy at First Hospital of Jilin University were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. (Clinical Trials.gov, registration ID: NCT01955096). The subjects were divided into the ERAS program group and the conventional control group. The clinical characteristics, recovery variables, and complications of patients were analyzed. RESULTS: The time to first ambulation, oral food intake, and time to defecation were significantly shorter in the ERAS group (n = 30), compared to the conventional group (n = 31; P = 0.04, 0.003, and 0.01, respectively). The postoperative hospital stay was less in the ERAS group (6.8 1.1 d) compared to the conventional group (7.7 1.1 d) (P = 0.002). There was no significant difference in postoperative complications between the ERAS (1/30) and conventional care groups (2/31) (P = 1.00). There were no readmissions or mortality during the 30-d follow-up period. CONCLUSION: The ERAS program is associated with a shorter hospital stay in gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. The ERAS protocol is useful in the treatment of gastric cancer. PMID:26715818

  17. Laparoscopic Liver Mobilization: Tricks of the Trade to Avoid Complications

    PubMed Central

    Ikoma, Naruhiko; Oshima, Go; Kitagawa, Yuko

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic liver resection is gaining popularity because of the availability of new laparoscopic instruments and advanced techniques. Laparoscopic liver mobilization is not only necessary for pure laparoscopic liver resection but also for laparoscopy-assisted hepatectomy. Laparoscopy-assisted hepatectomy significantly reduces the length of the laparotomy incision, and it is a good educational transition to the more advanced laparoscopic liver resection. Laparoscopic liver mobilization is a simple and easy procedure if surgeons know what challenges to expect. Here, the technique of liver mobilization is summarized, along with those challenges. PMID:25370795

  18. Hysterectomy or a minimal invasive alternative? A systematic review on quality of life and satisfaction

    PubMed Central

    BijdeVaate, A. J.; Vonk Noordegraaf, A.; Janssen, P. F.; Huirne, J. A. F.

    2010-01-01

    Nowadays, an increasing number of minimal invasive treatment alternatives to hysterectomy may be offered to the patient. In determining the appropriate treatment option, the patient has a distinct dilemma if a minimal invasive treatment with lesser effect than hysterectomy should be chosen or if a hysterectomy should be chosen which is a major surgery and requires longer recovery than the minimal invasive alternative. Quality-of-life (QoL) questionnaires that take subjective health perception into account are currently used to assess the treatment effects. The objective of this literature study is to determine and discuss the role of QoL as an outcome in randomized controlled trials (RCT) or systematic reviews of RCTs that study the treatment effect of hysterectomy compared to that of minimal invasive alternatives. A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed database and in the Cochrane database to find randomized trials and systematic reviews of randomized trials, comparing hysterectomy with minimal invasive or conservative treatment options with sufficient follow-up using satisfaction, health status, and quality of life as outcomes. The results were based on nine randomized trials and two systematic reviews. The differences are mostly in favor of hysterectomy. In two out of four studied treatment alternatives, the satisfaction or health status is different in favor of hysterectomy while the QoL is equivalent. After 2 years of follow-up, differences between both groups have disappeared, possibly because of the crossover effect. Possible reasons for the lesser response of QoL compared to satisfaction or health status are discussed. The fundamental question if patients have a better quality of life at all times if they choose for a minimal invasive alternative of hysterectomy remains unresolved. Information, individualization, and freedom of choice before surgery probably best serve the sense of well being and quality of life thereafter. PMID:20700519

  19. Laparoscopic Anti-Reflux (GERD) Surgery

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Laparoscopic Anti-Reflux (GERD) Surgery Patient Information from SAGES Download PDF Version Find a SAGES Surgeon Surgery ... 2016 Meeting Information Healthy Sooner: Patient Information Contact SAGES Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons 11300 ...

  20. Should all distal pancreatectomies be performed laparoscopically?

    PubMed

    Merchant, Nipun B; Parikh, Alexander A; Kooby, David A

    2009-01-01

    Despite the relatively slow start of laparoscopic pancreatectomy relative to other laparoscopic resections, an increasing number of these procedures are being performed around the world. Operations that were once considered impossible to perform laparoscopically, such as pancreaticoduodenectomy and central pancreatectomy are gaining momentum. Technology continues to improve, as does surgical experience and prowess. There are both enough experience and data (though retrospective) to confirm that LDP with or without spleen preservation appears to be a safe treatment for benign or noninvasive lesions of the pancreas. Based on the fact that LDP can be performed with similar or shorter operative times, blood loss, complication rates, and length of hospital stay than ODP, it can be recommended as the treatment of choice for benign and noninvasive lesions in experienced hands when clinically indicated. It is very difficult to make clear recommendations with regard to laparoscopic resection of malignant pancreatic tumors due to the lack of conclusive data. As long as margins are negative and lymph node clearance is within accepted standards, LDP appears to have no untoward oncologic effects on outcome. Certainly more data, preferably in the manner of a randomized clinical trial, are needed before additional recommendations can be made. Potential benefits of laparoscopic resection for cancer include the ability to inspect the abdomen and abort the procedure with minimal damage if occult metastases are identified. This does not delay the onset of palliative chemotherapy, which would be the primary treatment in that circumstance. In fact, there is evidence to suggest that there is a greater likelihood of receiving systemic therapy if a laparotomy is avoided in patients who have radiologically occult metastases. Patients may also undergo palliative laparoscopic gastric and biliary bypass if indicated. Faster wound healing may also translate into a shorter waiting time before initiating adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. If the patient develops a wound infection, the infection should be more readily manageable with smaller incisions. Although not proven clinically relevant in humans, the reduction in perioperative stress associated with laparoscopic resection may translate to a cancer benefit for some patients. One report compared markers of systemic inflammatory response in 15 subjects undergoing left pancreatectomy. Eight had hand-access laparoscopic procedures and the rest had standard open surgery. The subjects in the laparoscopic group had statistically lower C-reactive protein levels than the open group on postoperative days one (5.5 mg/dL versus 9.7 mg/dL, P = .006) and three (8.5 mg/dL versus 17.7 mg/dL, P = .003), suggesting that the laparoscopic approach to left pancreatectomy is associated with less inflammation. While this report is underpowered, it supports the notion that MIS cancer surgery may induce less of a systemic insult to the body than standard open cancer surgery. More work in this area is necessary before any firm conclusions can be drawn. An important issue to consider is that of training surgeons to perform these complex procedures laparoscopically. Not all pancreatectomies are amenable to the laparoscopic approach, even in the most skilled hands. As such, only a percentage of cases will be performed this way and expectations to educate surgeons adequately to perform advanced laparoscopic procedures can be unrealistic, resulting in more "on-the-job" training. Another aspect that draws some controversy is that of the totally laparoscopic procedure versus the hand-access approach. No laparoscopic instrument provides the tactile feedback possible to obtain with the hand. The HALS approach allows for this, and the opportunity to control bleeding during the procedure. HALS also provides a way to improve confidence during the learning-curve phase of these operations. Finally, it is important to remember that if the procedure is failing to progress laparoscopically, or if cancer surgery princ

  1. Does playing video games improve laparoscopic skills?

    PubMed

    Ou, Yanwen; McGlone, Emma Rose; Camm, Christian Fielder; Khan, Omar A

    2013-01-01

    A best evidence topic in surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether playing video games improves surgical performance in laparoscopic procedures. Altogether 142 papers were found using the reported search, of which seven represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The details of the papers were tabulated including relevant outcomes and study weaknesses. We conclude that medical students and experienced laparoscopic surgeons with ongoing video game experience have superior laparoscopic skills for simulated tasks in terms of time to completion, improved efficiency and fewer errors when compared to non-gaming counterparts. There is some evidence that this may be due to better psycho-motor skills in gamers, however further research would be useful to demonstrate whether there is a direct transfer of skills from laparoscopic simulators to the operating table. PMID:23467109

  2. Total laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure.

    PubMed

    Masoni, Luigi; Mari, Francesco Saverio; Nigri, Giuseppe; Favi, Francesco; Pindozzi, Fioralba; Dall'Oglio, Anna; Pancaldi, Alessandra; Brescia, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Hartmann's procedure is still performed in those cases in which colorectal anastomosis might be unsafe. Reversal of Hartmann's procedure (HR) is considered a major surgical procedure with a high morbidity (55 to 60%) and mortality rate (0 to 4%). To decrease these rates, laparoscopic Hartmann's reversal procedure was successfully experienced. We report our totally laparoscopic Hartmann's reversal technique. Between 2004 and 2010 we performed 27 HRs with a totally laparoscopic approach. The efficacy and safety of this technique were demonstrated evaluating the operative data, postoperative complications, and the outcome of the patients. There were no open conversions or major intraoperative complications. Anastomotic leaking occurred in one patient requiring an ileostomy; one patient needed a blood transfusion and one had a nosocomial pneumonia. The mean postoperative hospitalization was 5.7 days. Laparoscopic HR is a feasible and safe procedure and can be considered a valid alternative to open HR. PMID:23317614

  3. Laparoscopic Management of a Torted Appendix

    PubMed Central

    Rajendran, N; Ameen, S; Rohatgi, A

    2006-01-01

    Torted appendices are a rare occurrence but should be considered when encountering a haemorrhagic congested appendix on laparoscopy. As adhesions are rarely present, laparoscopic excision is usually a feasible option. PMID:17059706

  4. The effect of total hysterectomy on sexual function and depression

    PubMed Central

    Goktas, Sonay Baltaci; Gun, Ismet; Yildiz, Tulin; Sakar, Mehmet Nafi; Caglayan, Sabiha

    2015-01-01

    Background & Objectives: To investigate whether the operations of Type 1 hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy performed for benign reasons have any effect on sexual life and levels of depression. Method: This is a multi-center, comparative, prospective study. Healthy, sexual active patients aged between 40 and 60 were included into the study. Data was collected with the technique of face-to-face meeting held three months before and after the operation by using the demographic data form developed by the researchers i.e. the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Beck Depression Scale (BDS). Results: In the post-operative third month, there was an improvement in dysuria in terms of symptomatology (34% and 17%, P<0.001), while in FSFI (41.47±25.46 to 34.20±26.67, P<0.001) and BDS (12.87±11.19 to 14.27±10.95, P=0.015) there was a deterioration. For FSFI, 50-60 age range, extended family structure; and for BDS, educational status, not working and extended family structure were statistically important confounding factors for increased risk in the post-operative period. Conclusion: While hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy performed for benign reasons brought about short-term improvement in urinary problems after the operation for sexually active and healthy women, they resulted in sexual dysfunction and increase in depression. The age, educational status, working condition and family structure is also important. PMID:26150871

  5. Cost and Reimbursement for Three Fibroid Treatments: Abdominal Hysterectomy, Abdominal Myomectomy, and Uterine Fibroid Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Goldberg, Jay Bussard, Anne; McNeil, Jean; Diamond, James

    2007-02-15

    Purpose. To compare costs and reimbursements for three different treatments for uterine fibroids. Methods. Costs and reimbursements were collected and analyzed from the Thomas Jefferson University Hospital decision support database from 540 women who underwent abdominal hysterectomy (n 299), abdominal myomectomy (n = 105), or uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) (n = 136) for uterine fibroids during 2000-2002. We used the chi-square test and ANOVA, followed by Fisher's Least Significant Difference test, for statistical analysis. Results. The mean total hospital cost (US$) for UFE was $2,707, which was significantly less than for hysterectomy ($5,707) or myomectomy ($5,676) (p < 0.05). The mean hospital net income (hospital net reimbursement minus total hospital cost) for UFE was $57, which was significantly greater than for hysterectomy (-$572) or myomectomy (-$715) (p < 0.05). The mean professional (physician) reimbursements for UFE, hysterectomy, and myomectomy were $1,306, $979, and $1,078, respectively. Conclusion. UFE has lower hospital costs and greater hospital net income than abdominal hysterectomy or abdominal myomectomy for treating uterine fibroids. UFE may be more financially advantageous than hysterectomy or myomectomy for the insurer, hospital, and health care system. Costs and reimbursements may vary amongst different hospitals and regions.

  6. Salpingectomy as standard at hysterectomy? A Danish cohort study, 19772010

    PubMed Central

    Guldberg, Rikke; Wehberg, Sonja; Skovlund, Charlotte Wessel; Mogensen, Ole; Lidegaard, jvind

    2013-01-01

    Objective To assess if the risk of first-time salpingectomy was affected by prior hysterectomy with retained fallopian tubes and by prior sterilisation. Design A historical cohort study. Setting Denmark. Participants 170?000 randomly selected women born 19471963 (10?000/year) were followed from 1977 until the end of 2010. Main outcome measures Effect of hysterectomy with retained fallopian tubes or sterilisation on the risk of salpingectomy. Both were modelled in a Cox proportional hazards model as time-dependent covariates, analysing time to first salpingectomy. End of follow-up period was 31 December 2010. Results Of 9591 hysterectomies, 6456 (67.3%) had both fallopian tubes retained. HRs for salpingectomy after hysterectomy with retained fallopian tubes and sterilisation were 2.13 (95% 1.88 to 2.42) and 2.42 (2.21 to 2.64), as compared with those for non-hysterectomised and non-sterilised women. Conclusions Women undergoing hysterectomy with retained fallopian tubes or sterilisation have at least a doubled risk of subsequent salpingectomy. Removal of the fallopian tubes at hysterectomy should therefore be recommended. PMID:23794553

  7. Role of sonography in assessing complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Starzy?ska, Teresa; Ko?aczyk, Katarzyna; K?adny, Jzef

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which was introduced to the arsenal of surgical procedures in the middle of the 1980s, is a common alternative for conventional cholecystectomy. Its primary advantage is less invasive character which entails shorter hospitalization and faster recovery. Nevertheless, the complications of both procedures are comparable and encompass multiple organs and tissues. The paper presents ultrasound presentation of the surgical bed after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and of complications associated with this procedure. In the first week following the surgery, the presence of up to 60 ml of fluid in the removed gallbladder bed should be considered normal in certain patients. The fluid will gradually absorb. In single cases, slight amounts of fluid are detected in the peritoneal cavity, which also should not be alarming. Carbon dioxide absorbs from the peritoneal cavity within two days. Ultrasound assessment of the surgical bed after cholecystectomy is inhibited by hemostatic material left during the surgery. Its presentation may mimic an abscess. In such cases, the decisive examination is magnetic resonance imaging but not computed tomography. On the other hand, rapidly accumulating fluid around the liver is an alarming symptom, particularly when there is inadequate blood supply or when peritoneum irritation symptoms develop. Depending on the suspected cause of the patient's deteriorating condition, it is essential to perform urgent computed tomography angiography, celiac angiography or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. The character of the fluid collection may be determined by its ultrasound-guided puncture. This procedure allows for aspiration of fluid and placement of a drain. Moreover, transabdominal ultrasound examination after laparoscopic cholecystectomy may contribute to the identification of: dropped stones in the right hypochondriac region, residual fragment of the gallbladder with possible concretions, undiagnosed choledocholithiasis, existing cholestasis, pseudoaneurysm of the hepatic artery, portal vein thrombosis and hematoma as well as hernias of the abdominal walls. Moreover, ultrasound examination helps to identify optimal sites in the abdominal integuments, which enables collision-free access to the peritoneal cavity. PMID:26674247

  8. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery - current status and controversies

    PubMed Central

    Rao, Prashanth P; Rao, Pradeep P; Bhagwat, Sonali

    2011-01-01

    Scarless surgery is the Holy Grail of surgery and the very raison d’etre of Minimal Access Surgery was the reduction of scars and thereby pain and suffering of the patients. The work of Muhe and Mouret in the late 80s, paved the way for mainstream laparoscopic procedures and it rapidly became the method of choice for many intra-abdominal procedures. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is a very exciting new modality in the field of minimal access surgery which works for further reducing the scars of standard laparoscopy and towards scarless surgery. Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) was developed for scarless surgery, but did not gain popularity due to a variety of reasons. NOTES stands for natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery, a term coined by a consortium in 2005. NOTES remains a research technique with only a few clinical cases having been reported. The lack of success of NOTES seems to have spurred on the interest in single-incision laparoscopy as an eminently doable technique in the present with minimum visible scarring, rendering a ‘scarless’ effect. Laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) is, a term coined by a multidisciplinary consortium in 2008 for single-incision laparoscopic surgery. These are complementary technologies with similar difficulties of access, lack of triangulation and inadequate instrumentation as of date. LESS seems to offer an advantage to surgeons with its familiar field of view and instruments similar to those used in conventional laparoscopy. LESS remains a evolving special technique used successfully in many a centre, but with a significant way to go before it becomes mainstream. It currently stands between standard laparoscopy and NOTES in the armamentarium of minimal access surgery. This article outlines the development of LESS giving an overview of all the techniques and devices available and likely to be available in the future. PMID:21197236

  9. [Large simple liver cyst treated laparoscopically].

    PubMed

    Lazauskas, T; Greif, F; Michowitz, M; Lelcuk, S

    1994-01-01

    Simple liver cysts of various sizes are present in 1% of the population. Most are found incidentally and require no treatment. However, in a few the cyst is symptomatic and requires surgery: celiotomy and unroofing of the cyst. A 64-year-old woman with a symptomatic, simple cyst of the liver underwent laparoscopic surgery. After an uneventful course she was discharged on the 3rd postoperative day. Simple liver cysts can be safely treated by laparoscopic surgery. PMID:8138207

  10. Laparoscopic rectosigmoid resection for acute sigmoid diverticulitis.

    PubMed

    Zdichavsky, Marty; Knigsrainer, Alfred; Granderath, Frank A

    2009-04-01

    Laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy has been widely accepted as elective approach but is, however, still discussed controversially for acute cases. Patients receiving a laparoscopic early single-stage procedure benefit from an early postoperative convalescence with a minimum of disability. As more surgeons gain expertise in minimally invasive surgery of the rectosigmoid, this video highlights the main steps of a rectosigmoid resection for acute complicated diverticulitis. PMID:18795376

  11. Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy for Pheochromocytoma in a Child

    PubMed Central

    Soheilipour, Fahimeh; Ghorbanpour, Sahar; Tamannaie, Zeinab

    2013-01-01

    Pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine-secreting tumor of the adrenal medulla. It has wide and subtle range of clinical manifestations including sustained hypertension in about 1% of pediatric patients. Although laparoscopic adrenalectomy is the gold standard treatment method in adult patients, few reports have described this technique in children. We report a child with unilateral pheochromocytoma who presented with poor weight gain, polyuria and polydipsia. Diagnosis was based upon clinical and laboratory evaluation. She was treated successfully by laparoscopic adrenalectomy. PMID:23277884

  12. [ASSESSMENT OF POSTOPERATIVE PAIN SYNDROME AT SINGLE-PORT TRANSUMBILICAL LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY COMPARED TO TRADITIONAL LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY].

    PubMed

    Joffe, O Yu; Stetsenko, O P; Tsjura, Yu P; Kryvopustov, M S; Tarasyuk, T V; Tikhonov, O A

    2014-01-01

    The article analyzes the dynamics of postoperative pain at single-port transumbilical laparoscopic cholecystectomy compared to traditional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It is shown that the intensity of pain in patients who have undergone laparoscopic procedures through a single transumbilical access was significantly less than in patients with traditional laparoscopic intervention. Furthermore, the use of a single-port transumbilical laparoscopic cholecystectomy accompanied by a smaller increase in the concentration of proinflammatory cytokines compared with patients who had laparoscopic procedures through four trocar accesses. PMID:26492785

  13. Controversies in laparoscopic ventral hernia repair.

    PubMed

    Van Veenendaal, N; Poelman, M; Bonjer, J

    2015-12-01

    The introduction of laparoscopy as a surgical technique provided a method which allows for preventing major abdominal wall incisions and improving recovery of the patient after surgery. In abdominal wall surgery, laparoscopic ventral hernia repair has proven to be at least as safe as open repair. However, the technique of laparoscopic ventral hernia repair has not been standardized. Despite all the research that has been conducted and all the articles that have been published, there still seems to be a lack of consensus about the best method to repair a ventral hernia. The aim of this paper is to review knowledge on incisional hernias and discuss several controversies regarding the laparoscopic management of ventral hernias. A review of the literature was undertaken, and a search identified twenty records: six RCTs on incisional hernias, five RCTs on ventral hernias, and nine reviews or meta-analyses. Interpretation of the scientific data was difficult because the outcomes in literature were often based on pooled data of primary ventral hernias and incisional ventral hernias. Controversy remains regarding the optimal laparoscopic management of ventral hernias in terms of selection of patients for laparoscopic repair, optimal technique, outcomes and cost-efficacy. Lack of evidence allows persisting controversies in laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. RCTs and registries are necessary to document efficacy, morbidity, quality of life and costs during a sufficient period of time to provide clinicians with the evidence required to make the right choice for the best surgical technique. PMID:26657758

  14. Laparoscopic Management of Renal Hydatid Cyst

    PubMed Central

    Bansal, Ankur

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Renal involvement by hydatid disease is uncommon. The patients may be asymptomatic or present with flank pain, hematuria, and hypertension. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment, and options include cyst deroofing, partial nephrectomy, and total nephrectomy. We share our experience of laparoscopic management of 3 patients with large hydatid cysts of the kidney and review the literature. Case Description: Three patients with hydatid cysts of the kidney were treated at our institution between 2008 and 2010. In all 3 patients, hydatid disease involved the left kidney. One of the three cases also had concomitant liver involvement. Abdominal pain was the predominant symptom. A flank mass was palpable in 2 patients. The diagnosis was confirmed on abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography in all 3 patients. Laparoscopic management was successfully completed in 2 patients. A large intrahepatic cyst in 1 patient prompted conversion to an open procedure. A special hydatid trocar-cannula system helps in eliminating the possibility of spillage from the cyst while puncturing and aspirating the cyst. Discussion: There are few reports on laparoscopic management of this uncommon disease of the kidney. In our series the laparoscopic management was attempted in all 3 cases. The procedures included laparoscopic aspiration of the cyst contents along with subtotal excision of the ectocyst in 2 patients and nephrectomy in 1 patient. The latter case had to be converted to an open procedure because of inaccessibility of the intrahepatic liver hydatid cyst. Laparoscopic management of renal hydatid cysts is feasible and safe. PMID:24960508

  15. Laparoscopic management of pregnancy in a patient with uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis.

    PubMed

    Nawfal, A Karim; Blacker, Charla M; Strickler, Ronald C; Eisenstein, David

    2011-01-01

    Pregnancy in a rudimentary uterine horn is a rare and potentially lethal condition. The highest risk of rupture is reported to be during the late first and second trimester. The risk of rupture correlates with the thickness of the myometrium surrounding the fetal pole. In 2005, a 20-year-old woman was incompletely diagnosed by imaging studies and laparoscopy to have an absent right kidney, a bicornate uterus with a right rudimentary uterine horn and a single cervix, a transverse vaginal septum with hematocolpos, and endometriosis caused by reflux menstruation. The transverse vaginal septum was excised, and the surgeon observed a single cervix. Oral contraceptives were prescribed as complementary treatment for the endometriosis and associated dysmenorrhea. In 2009, magnetic resonance imaging confirmed resolution of hematocolpos and revealed a right cervix connected to the right horn of a uterus didelphys and covered by a partial longitudinal vaginal septum. The patient had a contraception failure and presented in 2010 at 9(6/7) weeks' gestation. By ultrasonography and subsequent magnetic resonance imaging, the pregnancy was in the right uterus and the corpus luteum was on the left ovary. The myometrium was thinned to 2 to 3 mm atop the gestational sac. Using the Harmonic ACE, laparoscopic excision of the right fallopian tube and a supracervical right hysterectomy with an intact pregnancy was performed. This case supports the Acin hypothesis that the vagina forms from both Mllerian and Wolffian duct elements, and it illustrates the risk for uterine rupture when pregnancy forms in a rudimentary structure; presumed transperitoneal migration of an ovum that was captured by the opposite fallopian tube; andsurgical management of the in situ pregnancy by laparoscopic supracervical excision of the rudimentary uterine body. PMID:21545963

  16. Laparoscopic sentinel lymph node mapping after cervical injection of indocyanine green for endometrial cancer preliminary report

    PubMed Central

    Reinholz-Jaskolska, Malgorzata; Bidzinski, Mariusz

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Endometrial cancer (EC) has an increasing incidence worldwide, with lymph node metastases as the main prognostic factor. Systemic lymphadenectomy is connected with elevated morbidity. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is intended to avoid extensive lymphadenectomy and provide significant oncologic information. Aim To evaluate the accuracy of laparoscopic SLN biopsy guided by indocyanine green (ICG) injection into the cervix in EC patients and to develop ideas to improve this method. The optimal time from dye injection to lymph node visualization was assessed. Material and methods This retrospective study was conducted between July 2014 and March 2015 in a group of 9 women with EC, at low and intermediate risk of recurrence, scheduled for total laparoscopic hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy. All patients underwent cervical ICG injection and SLN biopsy, followed by surgery. Pelvic lymph nodes were located using an ICG endoscopic camera. Results The following data were collected: There were 9 patients with endometrial cancer at low and intermediate risk of recurrence. Median patient age was 59 years, median body mass index (BMI) 28 kg/m2, endometrioid adenocarcinoma in 9 cases, grading: G1 1 patient, G2 8 patients. No intraoperative or postoperative complications were noted. Median time from ICG injection and SLN detection during surgery was 25 min. There were no lymph nodes metastasis, all identified by the SLN protocol using ICG injection. Conclusions Sentinel lymph node mapping can play a significant role in lymph node assessment and staging in early-stage EC patients with low risk of recurrence according to the ESMO classification. The use of SLN mapping in EC is much needed and the therapeutic benefit is high. PMID:26649087

  17. Spontaneous uterine rupture in the 35th week of gestation after laparoscopic adenomyomectomy

    PubMed Central

    Nagao, Yukari; Osato, Kazuhiro; Kubo, Michiko; Kawamura, Takuya; Ikeda, Tomoaki; Yamawaki, Takaharu

    2016-01-01

    Uterine rupture rarely occurs during pregnancy, but it is a critical situation if so. It is already known that a history of uterine surgeries, such as cesarean section or myomectomy, is a risk factor for uterine rupture. Currently, the laparoscopic adenomyomectomy is a widely performed procedure, but associated risks have not been defined. We observed a case of spontaneous uterine rupture in a patient during the 35th week of gestation, after a laparoscopic adenomyomectomy. A 42-year-old, gravida 2, para 0 woman became pregnant after a laparoscopic adenomyomectomy and her pregnancy was conventional. At a scheduled date in the 35th week of gestation, after combined spinal epidural anesthesia and frequent uterine contractions, a weak pain suddenly ensued. After 13 minutes of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding was evident. A cesarean section was performed, and the uterine rupture was found in the scar. After a laparoscopic adenomyomectomy, a pregnant uterus can easily rupture by rather weak and short uterine contractions, and is characterized by vaginal bleeding. When uterine bleeding is observed in pregnant women that have a history of adenomyomectomy, one should consider uterine rupture. PMID:26719729

  18. Laparoscopic versus open inguinal hernia repair on patients over 75 years of age

    PubMed Central

    Ciftci, Fatih

    2015-01-01

    Aim: In this prospective study, we aimed at comparing the laparoscopic and conventional open inguinal hernia repair procedures in the population over 75 years of age. Materials and methods: The medical data of 108 patients over 75 years of age who presented with inguinal hernia and underwent surgical treatment between July 2008 and December 2012 in Safa Hospital, General Surgery Department were prospectively recorded. Results: The mean age of patients in the open procedure group (n=75) and in the laparoscopic group (n=33) was 82 and 81 years, respectively. The mean American Society of Anaesthesiologists score was 2-7 in the open group and 2-4 in the laparoscopic group (P<0.005). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups with respect to perioperative complications. There was no mortality. Conclusion: Similar to the outcome of open procedure, laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair can safely be performed without an increase in morbidity and mortality in the advanced age population. PMID:26309692

  19. Gallstone ileus after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Ivanov, I; Beuran, M; Venter, MD; Iftimie-Nastase, I; Smarandache, R; Popescu, B; Bostin?, R

    2012-01-01

    Gallstone ileus represents a rare complication (0,3-0,5%) of a serious, but common disease-gallstones, which affect around 10% of the population in the USA and Western Europe. Associated diseases (usually severe), elderly patients, delayed diagnosis and therapy due to late presentation to the hospital, account for the morbidity and mortality rates described in literature. We present the case of a patient with partial colon obstruction due to a large gallstone that was lost during an emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The calculus eroded the intestinal wall, partially occluding the lumen, triggering recurrent Kerwsky-like, subocclusive episodes. The intraperitoneal abscess has spontaneously drained through the subhepatic drain and once the tube has been removed, a persistent intermittent fistula became obvious. PMID:23049640

  20. Laparoscopic management of cholecystocolic fistula

    PubMed Central

    CONDE, Lauro Massaud; TAVARES, Pedro Monnerat; QUINTES, Jorge Luiz Delduque; CHERMONT, Ronny Queiroz; PEREZ, Mario Castro Alvarez

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Cholecystocolic fistula is a rare complication of gallbladder disease. Its clinical presentation is variable and nonspecific, and the diagnosis is made, mostly, incidentally during intraoperative maneuver. Cholecystectomy with closure of the fistula is considered the treatment of choice for the condition, with an increasingly reproducible tendency to the use of laparoscopy. Aim To describe the laparoscopic approach for cholecystocolic fistula and ratify its feasibility even with the unavailability of more specific instruments. Technique After dissection of the communication and section of the gallbladder fundus, the fistula is externalized by an appropriate trocar and sutured manually. Colonic segment is reintroduced into the cavity and cholecystectomy is performed avoiding the conversion procedure to open surgery. Conclusion Laparoscopy for resolution of cholecystocolic fistula isn't only feasible, but also offers a shorter stay at hospital and a milder postoperative period when compared to laparotomy. PMID:25626940

  1. Laparoscopic treatment of caecal diverticulitis.

    PubMed

    Basili, Giancarlo; Celona, Giuseppe; Lorenzetti, Luca; Angrisano, Claudio; Biondi, Graziano; Preziuso, Enrico; Dal Canto, Massimiliano; Goletti, Orlando

    2006-01-01

    Right-sided diverticulitis is difficult to distinguish from other sources of right-sided abdominal pain and, in particular, is frequently indistinguishable from acute appendicitis preoperatively. Because of the problems concerning preoperative diagnosis and controversies in the management, the choice of the best therapy on the surgeon's part is still open. A total of 1150 patients with a clinical diagnosis of right acute abdomen observed in our surgical department from 1995 to 2003 was analysed. Three patients had a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of caecal diverticulitis. The mean age of the patients was 37 years. Right lower quadrant pain and local tenderness were the only clinical findings in 95.3% of the cases, with a preoperative diagnosis of acute appendicitis in 2 of 3 patients. The operative findings were an inflammatory mass in the caecum and the presence of a minimal amount of free peritoneal fluid. Two patients underwent laparoscopic ileocecectomy and one had a diverticulectomy. The postoperative course was uneventful. Because of the difficulties in diagnosis and surgical treatment, caecal diverticulitis has been the subject of much discussion in the literature and many questions remain unanswered. Right-sided diverticulitis is easily confused with acute appendicitis because it occurs at a somewhat younger age than sigmoid diverticulitis. Caecal diverticulitis needs a high index of suspicion for achieving a preoperative diagnosis. Diverticulectomy should be performed in patients with small diverticula with a limited inflammatory reaction. Right colectomy should be performed in patients with perforation of the diverticulum, caecal phlegmon or abscess formation. A correct intraoperative diagnosis is therefore crucial for selection of the surgical procedure. Laparoscopic treatment of a solitary, acutely infected colon diverticulum is feasible in this setting. A minimally invasive procedure could be performed, therefore, in patients with right acute abdomen, allowing not only the right diagnosis but also the treatment of the commonest pathologies responsible for this clinical picture. PMID:16729610

  2. Single-Incision Laparoscopic Splenectomy

    PubMed Central

    Mourtarakos, Sarantis; Iavazzo, Christos

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The single-incision approach in laparoscopic surgery is a relatively new concept. This systematic review of the literature was performed to appraise the existing clinical evidence concerning the use of the single-incision technique for spleen resection. Methods: We performed a systematic search of the PubMed and Scopus databases, and the studies retrieved were included in our review. The references of the included studies were also hand searched. Results: Thirty-one relevant studies were found in the field including 81 patients with an age range from 0.6 to 90 years and a body mass index range from 18 to 36.7 kg/m2. Splenomegaly (44.6%), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (31%), and immune thrombocytopenic purpura (6.8%) were the most common indications for the procedure. Concerning the applied port system, multiple single ports (5 to 12 mm) were used in 54.4% of patients, the SILS port (Covidien, Mansfield, Massachusetts) was used in 26.6%, the TriPort (Advanced Surgical Concepts, Wicklow, Ireland) was used in 7.6%, glove ports were used in 6.3%, and the GelPort (Applied Medical, Rancho Santa Margarita, California) was used in 5.1%. The median operative time was 125 minutes (range, 45420 minutes), and the median quantity of blood loss was 50 mL (range, 10450 mL). No conversion to open surgery and no transfusion were needed. The length of hospital stay was between 1 and 9 days. Low rates of complications and no patient deaths were found. The existing evidence on cosmesis is limited. Conclusion: Single-site/single-port laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that seems to be a challenging alternative in the management of spleen resection. PMID:25392670

  3. Laparoscopic duodenoduodenostomy for duodenal atresia.

    PubMed

    Bax, N M; Ure, B M; van der Zee, D C; van Tuijl, I

    2001-02-01

    A 3,220-g newborn baby with trisomy 21 presented with duodenal atresia. No other congenital malformations were diagnosed. Informed consent for a laparoscopic approach was obtained. The child was placed in a supine, head-up position slightly rotated to the left at the end of a shortened operating table. The surgeon stood at the bottom end with the cameraperson to his left and the scrub nurse to his right. The screen was at the right upper end. Open insertion of a cannula for a 5-mm 30 degrees telescope through the inferior umbilical fold was performed. A carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum with a pressure of 8 mmHg and a flow of 2l/min was established. Two 3.3-mm working cannulas were inserted; one in the left hypogastrium and one pararectally on the right at the umbilical level. Two more such cannulas were inserted; one under the xyphoid for a liver elevator and one in the right hypogastrium for a sucker. Mobilization of the dilated upper and collapsed lower duodenum was easy. After transverse enterotomy of the upper duodenum and longitudinal enterotomy of the distal duodenum, a diamond-shaped anastomosis with interrupted 5 zero Vicryl sutures were performed. The absence of air in the bowel beyond the atresia increased the working space and greatly facilitated the procedure. The technique proved to be easy, and the child did very well. Laparoscopic bowel anastomosis in newborn babies had not been described previously. Recently, a diamond-shaped duodenoduodenostomy for duodenal atresia was performed. The technique proved to be simple and is described in detail. The child did very well. PMID:12200660

  4. Pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in congenital megaureter: a single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Fu, Weijun; Zhang, Xu; Zhang, Xiaoyi; Zhang, Peng; Gao, Jiangping; Dong, Jun; Chen, Guangfu; Xu, Axiang; Ma, Xin; Li, Hongzhao; Shi, Lixin

    2014-01-01

    To report our experience of pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in congenital megaureter, seven patients (one bilateral) with symptomatic congenital megaureter underwent pure laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery. The megaureter was exposed at the level of the blood vessel and was isolated to the bladder narrow area. Extreme ureter trim and submucosal tunnel encapsulation or papillary implantations and anti-reflux ureter bladder anastomosis were performed intraperitoneally by pure laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery. The clinical data of seven patients after operation were analyzed, including the operation time, intraoperative complications, intraoperative bleeding volumes, postoperative complications, postoperative hospitalization time and pathological results. All of the patients were followed. The operation was successfully performed in seven patients. The mean operation times for pure laparoscopic surgery and robotic-assistant laparoscopic surgery were 175 (range: 150-220) and 187 (range: 170-205) min, respectively, and the mean operative blood loss volumes were 20 (range: 10-30) and 28.75 (range: 15-20) ml, respectively. There were no intraoperative complications. The postoperative drainage time was 5 (range: 4-6) and 5.75 (range: 5-6) d, respectively, and the indwelling catheter time was 6.33 (range: 4-8) d and 7 (range: 7-7) d, respectively. The postoperative hospitalization time was 7.67 (range: 7-8) d and 8 (range: 7-10) d, respectively. There was no obvious pain, no secondary bleeding and no urine leakage after the operation. Postoperative pathology reports revealed chronic urothelial mucosa inflammation. The follow-up results confirmed that all patients were relieved of their symptoms. Both pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery using different anti-reflux ureter bladder anastomoses are safe and effective approaches in the minimally invasive treatment of congenital megaureter. PMID:24924420

  5. Laparoscopic TME associated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation towards aggressive colorectal cancer

    PubMed Central

    Yin, Tao; Cui, Dian-Sheng; Xiong, Zhi-Guo; Wei, Shao-Zhong

    2015-01-01

    Objective: This study aims to investigate the clinical synchronization of the neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NC) and the laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) in the treatment of locally aggressive colorectal cancer (LACC). Methods: 92 LACC patients were selected for the research, among who 46 cases, who were performed the synchronized NC, were divided into the treatment group, after having rest for 4-6 weeks after the treatment, the 40 patients of the treatment group, who were performed the laparoscopic surgery, formed the laparoscopy group. The rest 46 patients were divided into the control group, who were performed the conventional treatment. The intraoperative conditions, postoperative recoveries, postoperative complications and recurrence rates of the two groups were compared. Results: The stage-declining rate of the treatment group was 67.3%, and the surgical resection rate, anal preservation rate and postoperative complications were 86.9%, 69.6% and 26%, respectively, which were significantly higher than the control group; while the long-term recurrence rate significantly decreased to 21.7%, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The NC could effectively achieve the stage-declining purpose against the LACC, improve the resection rate and reduce the postoperative recurrence rate. PMID:26131200

  6. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for ingested foreign body removal.

    PubMed

    Yu, Hong; Wu, Shuodong; Yu, Xiaopeng; Zhang, Quan

    2014-03-01

    This report presents a 16-year-old adolescent boy with intentional ingestion of a 6-cm-length iron nail in detention center 6 hours ago. There was no symptom and sign of acute abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomographic scan was performed, and an iron nail was found in the left upper quadrant abdomen. Considering the size, shape, and location of the foreign body, emergency surgery was performed using single-incision laparoscopic surgery approach. Multiple trocars in umbilical incision technique and conventional instruments were used. After identification of the foreign body in jejunum by alternative clamping of small bowel, enterostomy was made, and extracorporeal suturing was performed. The operation time was 1 hour without blood loss during the surgery. The patient left the bed 6 hours after the surgery. Bowel function recovered, and the gastric tube was removed on postoperative day 2. No painkiller was used after the surgery. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 3 without any complication. To our knowledge, it is the first report on removal of ingested foreign body located in jejunum using single-incision laparoscopic surgery technique. PMID:24211282

  7. Laparoscopic colon surgery: past, present and future.

    PubMed

    Martel, Guillaume; Boushey, Robin P

    2006-08-01

    Since its first described case in 1991, laparoscopic colon surgery has lagged behind minimally invasive surgical methods for solid intra-abdominal organs in terms of acceptability, dissemination, and ease of learning. In colon cancer, initial concerns over port site metastases and adequacy of oncologic resection have considerably dampened early enthusiasm for this procedure. Only recently, with the publication of several large, randomized controlled trials, has the incidence of port site metastases been shown to be equivalent to that of open resection. Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer has also been demonstrated to be at least equivalent to traditional laparotomy in terms of adequacy of oncologic resection, disease recurrence, and long-term survival. In addition, numerous reports have validated short-term benefits following laparoscopic resection for cancer, including shorter hospital stay, shorter time to recovery of bowel function, and decreased analgesic requirements, as well as other postoperative variables. In benign colonic disease, much less high-quality literature exists supporting the use of laparoscopic methods. Two recent randomized controlled trials have demonstrated some short-term benefits to laparoscopic ileocolic resection for CD, in addition to evident cosmetic advantages. On the other hand, the current evidence on laparoscopic surgery for UC does not support its routine use among nonexpert surgeons outside of specialized centers. Laparoscopic colonic resection for diverticular disease appears to provide several short-term benefits, although these advantages may not translate to cases of complicated diverticulitis. Despite the increasing acceptability of minimally invasive methods for the management of benign and malignant colonic pathologies, laparoscopic colon resection remains a prohibitively difficult technique to master. Numerous technological innovations have been introduced onto the market in an effort to decrease the steep learning curve associated with laparoscopic colon surgery. Good evidence exists supporting the use of second-generation, sleeveless, hand-assist devices in this context. Similarly, new hemostatic devices such as the ultrasonic scalpel and the electrothermal bipolar vessel sealer may be particularly helpful for extensive colonic mobilizations, in which several vascular pedicles must be taken. The precise role of these hemostatic technologies has yet to be established, particularly in comparison with stapling devices and significantly cheaper laparoscopic clips. Finally, recent advances in camera systems are promising to improve the ease with which difficult colonic dissections can be performed. PMID:16905414

  8. Socioeconomic position and hysterectomy: a cross-cohort comparison of women in Australia and Great Britain

    PubMed Central

    Cooper, R; Lucke, J; Lawlor, D A; Mishra, G; Chang, J-H; Ebrahim, S; Kuh, D; Dobson, A

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: To examine the associations between indicators of socioeconomic position (SEP) and hysterectomy in two Australian and two British cohorts. Study population: Women participating in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Womens Health (ALSWH), born 19211926 and 19461951, and two cohorts of British women, the British Womens Heart and Health Study and the MRC National Survey of Health and Development, born at similar times (1920 to 1939 and 1946, respectively) and surveyed at similar ages to the ALSWH cohorts. Methods: Relative indices of inequality were derived for own and head of household occupational class, educational level attained and age at leaving school. Logistic regression was used to test the associations between these indicators of SEP and self-reported hysterectomy and/or oophorectomy. Results: Inverse associations between indicators of SEP and hysterectomy were found in both the Australian and British cohorts of women born in 1946 or later. There was also evidence of an inverse association between education and hysterectomy in the older Australian cohort. However, the associations in this older cohort were weaker than those found in the mid-aged Australian cohort. In the older British cohort, born in the 1920s and 1930s, little evidence of association between SEP in adulthood and hysterectomy was found. Conclusions: These results suggest that inverse associations between indicators of SEP and hysterectomy are stronger in younger than in older cohorts in both Australia and Great Britain. They provide further evidence of the dynamic nature of the association between indicators of SEP and hysterectomy. PMID:18413433

  9. Pragmatic prevention, permanent solution: Women's experiences with hysterectomy in rural India.

    PubMed

    Desai, Sapna

    2016-02-01

    Hysterectomy appears to be on the rise amongst low-income, rural women in India as routine treatment for gynaecological ailments. This paper explores the individual, household, socio-economic and health system factors that influenced women's decisions to undergo hysterectomy in rural Gujarat, with a focus on women's perspectives. Interviews were conducted with 35 rural, low-income women who had undergone hysterectomy, local gynaecologists and other key informants, alongside observation of daily life and health-related activities. Inductive, open coding was conducted within a framework analysis to identify thematic influences on the decision to undergo hysterectomy. Women underwent hysterectomy at an average age of 36, as treatment for typically severe gynaecological ailments. I argue that women, faced with embedded social inequality in the form of gender biases, lack of labour security and a maternal-centric health system, demonstrated pragmatic agency in their decision to remove the uterus. When they experienced gynaecological ailments, most sought two to three opinions and negotiated financial and logistical concerns. The health system offered few non-invasive services for non-maternal health issues. Moreover, women and health care providers believed there is limited utility of the uterus beyond childbearing. Women's responsibilities as caretakers, workers and producers drove them to seek permanent solutions that would secure their long-term work and health security. Thus, hysterectomy emerged as a normalised treatment for gynaecological ailments, particularly for low-income women with limited resources or awareness of potential side effects. In this setting, hysterectomy reflects the power structures and social inequalities in which women negotiated medical treatment - and the need to reverse a culture of permanent solutions for low-income women. PMID:26773294

  10. Laparoscopic Sigmoidectomy for Diverticulitis: a Prospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Baca, Ivo; Grzybowski, Leszek; Jaacks, Armin

    2010-01-01

    Background: Surgical treatment of complicated colonic diverticular disease is still debatable. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy in patients with diverticulitis. Patients offered laparoscopic surgery presented with acute complicated diverticulitis (Hinchey type I, II, III), chronically recurrent diverticulitis, bleeding, or sigmoid stenosis caused by chronic diverticulitis. Method: All patients who underwent laparoscopic colectomy within a 12-year period were prospectively entered into a database registry. One-stage laparoscopic resection and primary anastomosis constituted the planned procedure. A 4-trocar approach with suprapubic minilaparotomy was performed. Main data recorded were age, sex, postoperative pain, return of bowel function, operation time, duration of hospital stay, and early and late complications. Results: During the study period, 260 sigmoid colectomies were performed for diverticulitis. The cohort included 104 male and 156 female patients; M to F ratio was 4:6. Postoperative pain was controlled by NSAIDs or weak opioid analgesia. Fifteen patients (5.7%) required conversion from laparoscopic to open colectomy. The most common reasons for conversion were directly related to the inflammatory process, abscess, and peritonitis. Mean operative time was 13054. Average postoperative hospital stay was 103 days. A longer hospital stay was recorded for Hinchey type IIb patients. Complications were recorded in 30 patients (11.5%). The most common complications that required reoperation were hemorrhage in 2 patients (0.76) and anastomotic leak in 5 patients (only 3 of them required reoperation). The mortality among them was 2 patients (0.76%). Conclusions: Laparoscopic surgery for diverticular disease is safe, feasible, and effective. Therefore, laparoscopic colectomy has replaced open resection as standard surgery for recurrent and complicated diverticulitis at our institution. PMID:21605507

  11. Minimally invasive colon resection (laparoscopic colectomy).

    PubMed

    Jacobs, M; Verdeja, J C; Goldstein, H S

    1991-09-01

    The successful application of laparoscopic surgery to gallbladder disease and acute appendicitis has encouraged clinical investigators to develop this technology further in an attempt to manage other pathologic disorders of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. After gaining experience with various laparoscopic skills while performing clinical biliary tract surgery, appendectomy and then in a controlled animal laboratory, a pilot program for laparoscopic colonic surgery was initiated. Twenty patients with ages ranging from 43 to 88 years (mean age of 57 years) underwent laparoscope-assisted colon resection. In nine patients, a right hemicolectomy was performed and a sigmoid colectomy in eight. A low anterior resection, Hartman's procedure, and abdominal perineal resection were each performed in one patient. Indications for surgery were large villous adenomas or adenocarcinoma in 12, diverticular disease in 5, sigmoid endometrioma in 1, cecal volvulus in 1, and inflammatory bowel disease in 1. Eighty percent of patients were able to tolerate a liquid diet on the first postoperative day and 70% were discharged within 96 h eating a regular diet and having normal bowel movements. There were three operative complications: a 3 unit postoperative bleed managed without surgery, one patient developed marked edema of the rectosigmoid anastomosis requiring decompression with a rectal tube, and one individual with metastatic colon cancer was operated on for a mechanical small bowel obstruction 7 days after the initial laparoscopic surgery. Although laparoscope-assisted colonic surgery may still be considered a procedure in evolution, we feel that in time it has the potential to be as popular as laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:1688289

  12. Minireview on laparoscopic hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Tan-Tam, Clara; Chung, Stephen W

    2014-01-01

    The first laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed in the mid-1980s. Since then, laparoscopic surgery has continued to gain prominence in numerous fields, and has, in some fields, replaced open surgery as the preferred operative technique. The role of laparoscopy in staging cancer is controversial, with regards to gallbladder carcinoma, pancreatic carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma and liver metastasis from colorectal carcinoma, laparoscopy in conjunction with intraoperative ultrasound has prevented nontherapeutic operations, and facilitated therapeutic operations. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the preferred option in the management of gallbladder disease. Meta-analyses comparing laparoscopic to open distal pancreatectomy show that laparoscopic pancreatectomy is safe and efficacious in the management of benign and malignant disease, and have better patient outcomes. A pancreaticoduodenectomy is a more complex operation and the laparoscopic technique is not feasible for this operation at this time. Robotic assisted pancreaticoduodenectomy has been tried with limited success at this time, but with continuing advancement in this field, this operation would eventually be feasible. Liver resection remains to be the best management for hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma and colorectal liver metastases. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses have shown that laparoscopic liver resections result in patients with equal or less blood loss and shorter hospital stays, as compared to open surgery. With improving equipment and technique, and the incorporation of robotic surgery, minimally invasive liver resection operative times will improve and be more efficacious. With the incorporation of robotic surgery into hepatobiliary surgery, donor hepatectomies have also been completed with success. The management of benign and malignant disease with minimally invasive hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery is safe and efficacious. PMID:24634709

  13. Systematic review of laparoscopic versus open surgery in the treatment of non-parasitic liver cysts.

    PubMed

    Antonacci, Nicola; Ricci, Claudio; Taffurelli, Giovanni; Casadei, Riccardo; Minni, Francesco

    2014-12-01

    We conducted a systematic review of the literature on the electronic databases Medline, Embase, Ovid and Cochrane to identify studies from 1990 to 2011 regarding the surgical management of non-parasitic liver cysts treated with laparoscopy (LT) and/or laparotomy (OT) to identify short-term and long-term outcomes of the relative treatments. Two reviewers independently extracted data regarding the following parameters: first author, year of publication, type of journal, study design, number of patients operated on, male/female ratio, mean age, mean size of the cysts treated, laparoscopic conversion rate, morbidity, mortality and recurrence in both groups (LT and OT). A qualitative analysis was carried out using the Pearson Chi square test and the Fischer's exact test where necessary. The data analysis was conducted by dividing the sample into three periods in relation to the development of laparoscopic surgery: period 1 (P1), 1990-1995 "pioneering" period of laparoscopy; period 2 (P2), 1996-2000 period of the "development of laparoscopy"; period 3 (P3), 2001-2011 period of "diffusion of laparoscopy." Thirty studies involving 948 patients comparing LT with OT were included in the final pooled analysis. Twenty-two studies were retrospective (73.3 %) and only 8 (26.7 %) were prospective. The number of publications increased during the three periods analysed. The correlation between the type of journal and the year of publication showed an increase (p = 0.048) in journals dedicated to LT during the three periods. In P1, the preferred approach was open surgery (66.3 %) with only 11 cases treated with LT. The conversion rate was 18.1 %. The overall complication rate was 33.3 % with a substantial equivalence between the two approaches (27.2 % for laparoscopic surgery and 36.6 % for laparotomic). The overall recurrence rate was 18.1 % with 36.3 % in the laparoscopic group and 9.2 % in the laparotomic group. In P2, the preferred approach was laparoscopic (56.7 %). The conversion rate was 2.3 %. The overall complication rate was 5.8 % but with some differences between the two approaches (10.3 % for the laparoscopic approach and 0 % for open surgery). The overall recurrence rate was 14.4 % with 17.4 % in the laparoscopic group and 10.4 % in the laparotomic group. In P3, the preferred approach was laparoscopic (69.9 %). The overall recurrence rate was 11.1 %; it was 6.1 % for the laparoscopic approach while it was 11.5 % for laparotomic. In all three periods analysed, the laparoscopic approach showed a statistically significant reduction in operative time (p = 0.009) and hospital stay (p = 0.001) and a significant (p < 0.05) reduction rate in symptomatic recurrences in patients with polycystic liver disease (25 %) as compared with simple liver cysts (7.5 %). The current data in the literature show that the laparoscopic approach may be the treatment of choice in patients with symptomatic non-parasitic cysts of the liver, providing the short-term advantages of minimally invasive surgery. Recurrence rates were acceptable and comparable to those of conventional surgery. Long-term outcomes should be verified by additional randomised controlled trials and long-term follow-ups. PMID:25326850

  14. Comparison of Surgical Skills in Laparoscopic and Robotic Tasks Between Experienced Surgeons and Novices in Laparoscopic Surgery: An Experimental Study

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Hye Jin; Park, Jun Seok; Park, Soo Yeun

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Robotic surgery is known to provide an improved technical ability as compared to laparoscopic surgery. We aimed to compare the efficiency of surgical skills by performing the same experimental tasks using both laparoscopic and robotic systems in an attempt to determine if a robotic system has an advantage over laparoscopic system. Methods Twenty participants without any robotic experience, 10 laparoscopic novices (LN: medical students) and 10 laparoscopically-experienced surgeons (LE: surgical trainees and fellows), performed 3 laparoscopic and robotic training-box-based tasks. This entire set of tasks was performed twice. Results Compared with LN, LEs showed significantly better performances in all laparoscopic tasks and in robotic task 3 during the 2 trials. Within the LN group, better performances were shown in all robotic tasks compared with the same laparoscopic tasks. However, in the LE group, compared with the same laparoscopic tasks, significantly better performance was seen only in robotic task 1. When we compared the 2 sets of trials, in the second trial, LN showed better performances in laparoscopic task 2 and robotic task 3; LE showed significantly better performance only in robotic task 3. Conclusion Robotic surgery had better performance than laparoscopic surgery in all tasks during the two trials. However, these results were more noticeable for LN. These results suggest that robotic surgery can be easily learned without laparoscopic experience because of its technical advantages. However, further experimental trials are needed to investigate the advantages of robotic surgery in more detail. PMID:24851216

  15. Laparoscopic repair of an incarcerated femoral hernia

    PubMed Central

    Pillay, Yagan

    2015-01-01

    Introduction A femoral hernia is a rare, acquired condition, which has been reported in less than 5% of all abdominal wall hernias, with a female to male ratio of 4:1. Presentation of case We report a case in a female patient who had a previous open inguinal herniorrhaphy three years previously. She presented with right sided groin pain of one month duration. Ultrasound gave a differential diagnosis of a recurrent inguinal hernia or a femoral hernia. A transabdominal preperitoneal repair was performed and the patient made an uneventful recovery. Discussion Laparoscopic repair of a femoral hernia is still in its infancy and even though the outcomes are superior to an open repair, open surgery remains the standard of care. The decision to perform a laparoscopic trans abdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair was facilitated by the patient having previous open hernia surgery. The learning curve for laparoscopic femoral hernia repair is steep and requires great commitment from the surgeon. Once the learning curve has been breached this is a feasible method of surgical repair. This is demonstrated by the fact that this case report is from a rural hospital in Canada. Conclusion Laparoscopic femoral hernia repair involves more time and specialized laparoscopic skills. The advantages are a lower recurrence rate and lower incidence of inguinodynia. PMID:26581083

  16. Visual search behaviour during laparoscopic cadaveric procedures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Leng; Chen, Yan; Gale, Alastair G.; Rees, Benjamin; Maxwell-Armstrong, Charles

    2014-03-01

    Laparoscopic surgery provides a very complex example of medical image interpretation. The task entails: visually examining a display that portrays the laparoscopic procedure from a varying viewpoint; eye-hand coordination; complex 3D interpretation of the 2D display imagery; efficient and safe usage of appropriate surgical tools, as well as other factors. Training in laparoscopic surgery typically entails practice using surgical simulators. Another approach is to use cadavers. Viewing previously recorded laparoscopic operations is also a viable additional approach and to examine this a study was undertaken to determine what differences exist between where surgeons look during actual operations and where they look when simply viewing the same pre-recorded operations. It was hypothesised that there would be differences related to the different experimental conditions; however the relative nature of such differences was unknown. The visual search behaviour of two experienced surgeons was recorded as they performed three types of laparoscopic operations on a cadaver. The operations were also digitally recorded. Subsequently they viewed the recording of their operations, again whilst their eye movements were monitored. Differences were found in various eye movement parameters when the two surgeons performed the operations and where they looked when they simply watched the recordings of the operations. It is argued that this reflects the different perceptual motor skills pertinent to the different situations. The relevance of this for surgical training is explored.

  17. Laparoscopic Colorectal Resection in Octogenarian Patients

    PubMed Central

    Xie, Minghao; Qin, Huabo; Luo, Qianxin; He, Xiaosheng; Lan, Ping; Lian, Lei

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The population older than 80 years has been increasing. A significant proportion of colorectal diseases that require colorectal resection occur in very elderly patients. However, the benefits of laparoscopy remain controversial in octogenarians. A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational study was performed to compare clinical outcomes between laparoscopic versus open colorectal resection in octogenarians. The PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases from the years 1990 to 2015 were searched for studies that compare surgical outcomes between laparoscopic and open colorectal resection in octogenarians (?80 years old). Seven eligible studies including 528 laparoscopic and 484 open colorectal resections were identified. Laparoscopic approach was associated with lower rate of mortality (odds ratio [OR] 0.48, P?=?0.03), overall complications (OR 0.54, P?Laparoscopic colorectal resection is as safe as open approach, and the short-term outcomes appear to be more favorable in octogenarians. PMID:26496302

  18. Music Experience Influences Laparoscopic Skills Performance

    PubMed Central

    Boyd, Tanner; Jung, Inkyung; Van Sickle, Kent; Schwesinger, Wayne; Michalek, Joel

    2008-01-01

    Background: Music education affects the mathematical and visuo-spatial skills of school-age children. Visuo-spatial abilities have a significant effect on laparoscopic suturing performance. We hypothesize that prior music experience influences the performance of laparoscopic suturing tasks. Methods: Thirty novices observed a laparoscopic suturing task video. Each performed 3 timed suturing task trials. Demographics were recorded. A repeated measures linear mixed model was used to examine the effects of prior music experience on suturing task time. Results: Twelve women and 18 men completed the tasks. When adjusted for video game experience, participants who currently played an instrument performed significantly faster than those who did not (P<0.001). The model showed a significant sex by instrument interaction. Men who had never played an instrument or were currently playing an instrument performed better than women in the same group (P=0.002 and P<0.001). There was no sex difference in the performance of participants who had played an instrument in the past (P=0.29). Conclusion: This study attempted to investigate the effect of music experience on the laparoscopic suturing abilities of surgical novices. The visuo-spatial abilities used in laparoscopic suturing may be enhanced in those involved in playing an instrument. PMID:18765055

  19. Complications of diverticular disease: surgical laparoscopic treatment.

    PubMed

    Anania, G; Vedana, L; Santini, M; Scagliarini, L; Giaccari, S; Resta, G; Cavallesco, G

    2014-01-01

    Surgical treatment of complicated colonic diverticular disease is still debatable. The aim of our study was to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic colon resection in patients with diverticulitis and with complications like colon-vescical fistula, peridiverticular abscess, perforation or stricture. All patients underwent laparoscopic colectomy within 8 years period. Main data recorded were age, sex, return of bowel function, operation time, duration of hospital stay, ASA score, body mass index (BMI), early and late complications. During the study period, 33 colon resections were performed for diverticulitis and complications of diverticulitis. We performed 5 associated procedures. We had 2 postoperative complications; 1 of these required a redo operation with laparotomy for anastomotic leak and 3 patients required conversion from laparoscopic to open colectomy. The most common reasons for conversion were related to the inflammatory process with a severe adhesion syndrome. Mean operative time was 229 minutes, and average postoperative hospital stay was 9,8 days. Laparoscopic surgery for complications of diverticular disease is safe, effective and feasible. Laparoscopic colectomy has replaced open resection as standard surgery for recurrent and complicated diverticulitis in our institution. PMID:24979103

  20. Recovery of fasted and fed gastrointestinal motility after open versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy in dogs.

    PubMed Central

    Hotokezaka, M; Combs, M J; Mentis, E P; Schirmer, B D

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors investigate the recovery of gastrointestinal motility in the fed and fasted state after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Clinical recovery after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is known to be more rapid than after conventional open cholecystectomy. However, the actual effect of a laparoscopic approach on gastrointestinal motility, particularly fed-state motility, is not well investigated. METHODS: Laparoscopic (LAP, n=6) or open (OPEN, n=6) cholecystectomy was performed in 12 dogs. Bipolar recording electrodes were placed on the antrum, small intestine, and the transverse and descending colon, and fasting myoelectric data were recorded after operation. Solid meal gastric emptying studies were performed before surgery and on postoperative days 1 and 2. Transit time studies were performed using 10 radiopaque markers. RESULTS: Gastric emptying was significantly delayed in the OPEN group at 120 minutes on postoperative day 1 compared with pre-operative emptying (p<0.05), but was not delayed on postoperative day 2. Gastric emptying was not delayed in the LAP group after operation. Transit time was the same between groups. Gastric dysrhythmias were more frequent on postoperative day 3 (p<0.05) in the OPEN group. There were no significant differences in the presence, cycle length, or propagation velocity of the migrating motor complex on any postoperative day. Discrete or continuous electrical response activity in the colon was observed by postoperative day 1 in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Fed-state motility is the only parameter for which laparoscopic cholecystectomy showed an improvement in postoperative recovery. Recovery of fasted gastrointestinal motility in dogs is equally rapid after either operation. PMID:8633920

  1. The usefulness of laparoscopic hernia repair in the management of incisional hernia following liver transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Hegab, Bassem; Abdelfattah, Mohamed Rabei; Azzam, Ayman; Al Sebayel, Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The reported incidence of incisional hernia following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) varies from 4% to 23%. Postoperative wound complications are less frequent after laparoscopic repair while maintaining low recurrence rates. We present our experience in managing this complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospectively, collected data of all patients who underwent liver transplant and developed incisional hernias were analyzed. Patients’ demographic data, anthropometric data, transplantation-related data, and repair-related operative and postoperative data were collected. Risk factors for post-transplant incisional hernia were appraised in our patients. Patients were divided into two groups: Group A included patients who had their incisional hernia repaired through the laparoscopic approach, and Group B included patients who had their incisional hernia repaired through open conventional approach. RESULTS: A total of 488 liver transplantations were performed at our institution between May 2001 and end of December 2012. Thirty-three patients developed incisional hernias after primary direct closure of the abdominal wall with an overall incidence of 6.9%. Hernia repair was done in 25 patients. Follow-up ranged from 6.4 to 106.1 months with a mean of 48.3 ± 28.3 months. All patients were living at the end of the follow up except four patients (16%). Group A included 13 patients, and Group B included 12 patients. The size of defects and operative time did not differ significantly between both the groups. On the other hand, hospital stay was significantly shorter in laparoscopic group. Complication rate following laparoscopic repair was insignificantly different for open repair. CONCLUSION: In experienced hands, laparoscopic incisional hernia repair in post-liver transplant setting proved to be a safe and feasible alternative to open approach and showed superior outcome expressed in shorter hospital stay, with low recurrence and complication rate. PMID:26917921

  2. HandPort Laparoscopic Surgery-Review and Current Status.

    PubMed

    Goel, Amit

    2015-06-01

    HandPort laparoscopic surgery is a hybrid operation that allows the surgeon to introduce his nondominant hand into abdominal cavity through the port while maintaining pneumoperitoneum. It also helps to gain experience and expertise to learn advanced laparoscopic procedures. The common surgeries where HandPort is useful are laparoscopic splenectomy, colectomies, and donor nephrectomies. HandPort facilitates dissection and extraction of specimens. Hand in abdomen restores tactile sensation which is lacking in laparoscopic procedures. It reduces operative time, increases technical expertise of surgeon, and decreases blood loss. This article reviews the current status of HandPort laparoscopic surgery, the various HandPort devices, and their use. PMID:26246704

  3. Clinical outcomes and ergonomics analysis of three laparoscopic techniques for Hirschsprung's disease

    PubMed Central

    Aubdoollah, Tajammool Hussein; Li, Kang; Zhang, Xi; Li, Shuai; Yang, Li; Lei, Hai-Yan; Dolo, Ponnie Robertlee; Xiang, Xian-Cai; Cao, Guo-Qing; Wang, Guo-Bin; Tang, Shao-Tao

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To report the clinical outcomes and ergonomics analysis of three laparoscopic approaches in the management of Hirschsprungs disease (HD). METHODS: There were 90 pediatric patients (63 boys, 27 girls; mean age: 3.6 2.7 mo; range: 1.0-90.2 mo) who underwent laparoscopic endorectal pull-through Soave procedures for short- and long-segment HD in our hospital. Three laparoscopic approaches were used: conventional laparoscopic pull-through (CLP) in 30 patients between 2009 and 2013, single-incision laparoscopic pull-through (SILP) in 28 patients between 2010 and 2013, and hybrid single-incision laparoscopic pull-through (H-SILP) in 32 patients between 2011 and 2013. We applied the hybrid version of the single-incision approach in 2011 to preserve the cosmetic advantage of SILP and the ergonomic advantage of CLP. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data, cosmetic results, and ergonomics of these three approaches to have a better understanding of the selection of one approach over another. RESULTS: The CLP, SILP, and H-SILP groups were similar in regard to age, sex, transition zone, blood loss, hospital stay, and intraoperative complications. Early and late postoperative results were not different, with equal daily defecation frequency and postoperative complications. No conversion to open technique was needed and none of the patients had recurrent constipation. With proper training, the ergonomics challenges were overcome and similar operative times were registered for the general operative time in the patients < 1 year of age and the short-segment HD patients. However, significantly shorter operative times were registered compared to SILP for patients > 1 year of age (CLP and H-SILP: 120 15 min and 119 12 min, respectively, vs 140 7 min; P < 0.05) and for long-segment HD patients (152 3.5 min and 154 3.6 min, respectively, vs 176 2.3 min; P < 0.05). The best cosmetic result was registered with the SILP (scarless), followed by the H-SILP (near scarless appearance) and the CLP (visible scars) procedures. CONCLUSION: Based on the results, we believed that the laparoscopic approach should be selected according to the age, transition zone, and desired cosmetic result. PMID:26269680

  4. Iatrogenic oesophageal transection during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Meshikhes, Abdul-Wahed Nasir; Al-Saif, Osama Habib

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has been hailed as an easy and safe procedure when compared with other bariatric operations. However, it may be associated with well-recognised early complications such as leaks and bleeding, as well as late ones such as stenosis and weight regain. Iatrogenic complete oesophageal transection has never been reported before as a complication. We report a case of complete oesophageal transection during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy that was not recognised intraoperatively. The repair of this iatrogenic injury was staged, with the final stage carried out some 3?months after the initial procedure. This case report highlights the possible occurrence of complete oesophageal transection during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, and suggests steps to avoid and correct such complications. PMID:24591379

  5. Delayed jejunal perforation after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Browne, Ikennah L; Dixon, Elijah

    2016-01-01

    Bowel perforation is a rare complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which if left undiagnosed can have fatal consequences. In addition, isolated small bowel perforation is extremely rare and should be considered in patients presenting with sudden onset abdominal pain in the postoperative period. A 57-year-old male with symptomatic gallstones underwent urgent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and was discharged home on postoperative day (POD) 1 without complications. He presented to the emergency department on POD 11 complaining of sudden onset abdominal pain. A CT scan did not confirm a diagnosis and he was admitted for observation. On post admission day 2, he became significantly peritonitic and laparotomy revealed jejunal perforation. Bowel resection with hand-sewn anastomosis was completed and he was discharged on POD 10. Follow-up at 6 weeks revealed no further issues. We review the literature on small bowel perforation post laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:26908534

  6. Delayed jejunal perforation after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Browne, Ikennah L.; Dixon, Elijah

    2016-01-01

    Bowel perforation is a rare complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which if left undiagnosed can have fatal consequences. In addition, isolated small bowel perforation is extremely rare and should be considered in patients presenting with sudden onset abdominal pain in the postoperative period. A 57-year-old male with symptomatic gallstones underwent urgent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and was discharged home on postoperative day (POD) 1 without complications. He presented to the emergency department on POD 11 complaining of sudden onset abdominal pain. A CT scan did not confirm a diagnosis and he was admitted for observation. On post admission day 2, he became significantly peritonitic and laparotomy revealed jejunal perforation. Bowel resection with hand-sewn anastomosis was completed and he was discharged on POD 10. Follow-up at 6 weeks revealed no further issues. We review the literature on small bowel perforation post laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:26908534

  7. Laparoscopic Resection of an Adrenal Schwannoma

    PubMed Central

    Konstantinos, Toutouzas G.; Panagiotis, Kekis B.; Nikolaos, Michalopoulos V.; Ioannis, Flessas; Andreas, Manouras; Geogrios, Zografos

    2012-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Schwannomas are tumors originating from Schwann cells of the peripheral nerve sheath (neurilemma) of the neuroectoderm. Rarely, schwannomas can arise from the retroperitoneum and adrenal medulla. We describe a case of a 71-y-old woman who presented with an incidentally discovered adrenal tumor. Methods: Ultrasound and computed tomography scans revealed a lesion with solid and cystic areas originating from the left adrenal gland. The patient underwent complete laparoscopic resection of the tumor and the left adrenal gland. Results: Histopathological examination and immunohistochemical staining of the excised specimen revealed a benign schwannoma measuring 5.553.7 cm. To our knowledge, few other cases of laparoscopic resection of adrenal schwannomas have been reported. Conclusion: Because preoperative diagnosis of adrenal tumors is inconclusive, complete laparoscopic excision allows for definitive diagnosis with histological evaluation and represents the treatment of choice. PMID:23484583

  8. The efficacy of fibrin glue to control hemorrhage from the gallbladder bed during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Emir, Seyfi; Bali, ?lhan; Szen, Selim; Yazar, Fatih Mehmet; Kanat, Burhan Hakan; Grdal, Sibel zkan; zkan, Zeynep

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The aim of the study is to report our experience with fibrin glue application in the management of bleeding from the gallbladder bed during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which could not be controlled by conventional methods. Material and Methods: Three hundred eighty-two patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Fourteen patients with bleeding from the gallbladder bed, which could not be controlled by conventional methods, were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Fibrin glue was used in 10 patients. Six (71%) were female and 4 were (29%) male. The mean age was 55.7 years. Fourteen patients were operated for the presence of symptomatic gallstones. Thirteen patients (92%) had a concomitant pathology. The mean time spent to maintain hemostasis was 23.9 minutes (1535). Blood products were used in two patients with hemoglobin values under 8 mg/dL. Hemostasis could not be achieved in a patient despite fibrin glue application, and the operation was converted to open surgery. Conclusion: The application of fibrin glue for bleeding from the gallbladder bed during laparoscopic cholecystectomy can reduce conversion rates, further studies including more patients are required. PMID:25931869

  9. Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair by an intraperitoneal onlay mesh technique using expanded PTFE: a prospective study.

    PubMed

    Hatzitheofilou, C; Lakhoo, M; Sofianos, C; Levy, R D; Velmahos, G; Saadia, R

    1997-12-01

    This prospective trial was initiated to assess laparoscopic inguinal hernia repairs by an intraabdominal intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) technique. An IPOM method utilizing 10 x 7.5-cm expanded polytef (PTFE) patches was used to repair 52 inguinal hernias in 50 patients. There were two patients with bilateral defects. Fourteen were direct and 38 were indirect hernias. There was one patient with bladder perforation, one with strangulation of the small bowel that entered the sac of a recurrent defect, and five patients with other minor complications. There were two recurrences. The follow-up period ranged from 7 to 31 months. The operating time ranged from 35 to 180 min and was 35-60 min in 40 patients. The postoperative pain was minimal in 40 patients. Our conclusions are as follows: This IPOM method was less time consuming in theater time than other laparoscopic methods. There was minimal postoperative pain in the majority of cases. The hospital stay was shorter in comparison with the standardized stay for conventional methods. The case with recurrence and strangulation raises some questions as to the safety of this method. Hospital costs of conventional herniorrhaphies were lower (63%) than those of this laparoscopic method. PMID:9438624

  10. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic bilateral lumbar sympathectomy.

    PubMed

    Segers, B; Himpens, J; Barroy, J P

    2007-06-01

    The first retroperitoneal lumbar sympathectomy was performed in 1924 by Julio Diez. The classic procedure for sympathectomy is open surgery. We report a unilateral laparoscopic retroperitoneal approach to perform bilateral lumbar sympathectomy. This approach was performed for a 43-year-old man with distal arterial occlusive disease and no indication for direct revascularization. His predominant symptoms were intermittent claudication at 100 metres and cold legs. The patient was placed in a left lateral decubitus position. The optical system was placed first in an intra-abdominal position to check that the trocars were well positioned in the retroperitoneal space. The dissection of retroperitoneum was performed by CO2 insufflation. The inferior vena cava was reclined and the right sympathetic chain was individualized. Two ganglia (L3-L4) were removed by bipolar electro-coagulation. The aorta was isolated on a vessel loop and careful anterior traction allowed a retro-aortic pre-vertebral approach between the lumbar vessels. The left sympathetic chain was dissected. Two ganglia (L3-L4) were removed by bipolar electro-coagulation. PMID:17685269

  11. Laparoscopic revolution in bariatric surgery

    PubMed Central

    Sundbom, Magnus

    2014-01-01

    The history of bariatric surgery is investigational. Dedicated surgeons have continuously sought for an ideal procedure to relieve morbidly obese patients from their burden of comorbid conditions, reduced life expectancy and low quality of life. The ideal procedure must have low complication risk, both in short- and long term, as well as minimal impact on daily life. The revolution of laparoscopic techniques in bariatric surgery is described in this summary. Advances in minimal invasive techniques have contributed to reduced operative time, length of stay, and complications. The development in bariatric surgery has been exceptional, resulting in a dramatic increase of the number of procedures performed world wide during the last decades. Although, a complex bariatric procedure can be performed with operative mortality no greater than cholecystectomy, specific procedure-related complications and other drawbacks must be taken into account. The evolution of laparoscopy will be the legacy of the 21st century and at present, day-care surgery and further reduction of the operative trauma is in focus. The impressive effects on comorbid conditions have prompted the adoption of minimal invasive bariatric procedures into the field of metabolic surgery. PMID:25386062

  12. Pneumothorax during laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication.

    PubMed

    Mangar, D; Kirchhoff, G T; Leal, J J; Laborde, R; Fu, E

    1994-09-01

    We present a case of 100% pneumothorax in a 41-yr-old man with a history of gastritis and gastroesophageal reflux scheduled for Nissen fundoplication. The patient was anaesthetized, and insufflation of the abdominal cavity with carbon dioxide was performed uneventfully. There was an increase in the peak inspiratory pressure and wheezing was noted with a decrease in the arterial oxygen saturation to 91%. An obstructive pattern was noted on the end tidal carbon dioxide monitor. The patient also had decreased breath sounds in the left lung field. The endotracheal tube was withdrawn 1.5 cm with equal breath sounds noted in both lung fields, but the wheezing persisted. At the end of the case the trocars were removed and the abdomen was deflated. The arterial oxygen saturation increased to 94% while breathing F1O2 of 1.0. A chest roentgenogram showed a 100% left pneumothorax. A left chest tube was placed with immediate improvement of the arterial oxygen saturation to 100%. We recommend monitoring of arterial oxygen saturation, peak inspiratory pressures, and excursion of the chest for early diagnosis and prompt treatment of pneumothorax during laparoscopic procedures. PMID:7955003

  13. Laparoscopic surgery: A qualified systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Buia, Alexander; Stockhausen, Florian; Hanisch, Ernst

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To review current applications of the laparoscopic surgery while highlighting the standard procedures across different fields. METHODS: A comprehensive search was undertaken using the PubMed Advanced Search Builder. A total of 321 articles were found in this search. The following criteria had to be met for the publication to be selected: Review article, randomized controlled trials, or meta-analyses discussing the subject of laparoscopic surgery. In addition, publications were hand-searched in the Cochrane database and the high-impact journals. A total of 82 of the findings were included according to matching the inclusion criteria. Overall, 403 full-text articles were reviewed. Of these, 218 were excluded due to not matching the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: A total of 185 relevant articles were identified matching the search criteria for an overview of the current literature on the laparoscopic surgery. Articles covered the period from the first laparoscopic application through its tremendous advancement over the last several years. Overall, the biggest advantage of the procedure has been minimizing trauma to the abdominal wall compared with open surgery. In the case of cholecystectomy, fundoplication, and adrenalectomy, the procedure has become the gold standard without being proven as a superior technique over the open surgery in randomized controlled trials. Faster recovery, reduced hospital stay, and a quicker return to normal activities are the most evident advantages of the laparoscopic surgery. Positive outcomes, efficiency, a lower rate of wound infections, and reduction in the perioperative morbidity of minimally invasive procedures have been shown in most indications. CONCLUSION: Improvements in surgical training and developments in instruments, imaging, and surgical techniques have greatly increased safety and feasibility of the laparoscopic surgical procedures. PMID:26713285

  14. Comparison of Laparoscopic, Hand-Assisted, and Open Surgical Nephroureterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Maeda, Toshihiro; Tanaka, Toshiaki; Fukuta, Fumimasa; Kobayashi, Ko; Nishiyama, Naotaka; Takahashi, Satoshi; Masumori, Naoya

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare oncologic outcomes after laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, and open nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial cancer. Methods: Between April 1995 and August 2010, 189 patients underwent laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, or open nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial cancer. Of these patients, 110 with no previous or concurrent bladder cancer or any metastatic disease were included in this study. Cancer-specific survival, recurrence-free survival, and intravesical recurrence-free survival rates were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with the log-rank test. The median follow-up period for the cohort was 70 months (range, 6–192 months). Results: The 3 groups were well matched for tumor stage, grade, and the presence of lymphovascular invasion and concomitant carcinoma in situ. The estimated 5-year cancer-specific survival rates were 81.1%, 65.6%, and 65.2% for laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, and open nephroureterectomy, respectively (P = .4179). The estimated 5-year recurrence-free survival rates were 33.8%, 10.0%, and 41.2% for laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, and open nephroureterectomy, respectively (P = .0245). The estimated 5-year intravesical recurrence-free survival rates were 64.8%, 10.0%, and 76.2% for laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, and open nephroureterectomy, respectively (P < .0001). Conclusion: Although there was no significant difference in cancer-specific survival rate among the laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, and open nephroureterectomy groups, hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy may be inferior to laparoscopic nephroureterectomy or open nephroureterectomy with regard to recurrence-free survival and intravesical recurrence-free survival rates. PMID:24960495

  15. Comparison of treatment costs of laparoscopic and open surgery

    PubMed Central

    Piskorz, ?ukasz; Koptas, W?odzimierz

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Laparoscopy has been a standard procedure in most medical centres providing surgical services for many years. Both the range and number of laparoscopic procedures performed are constantly increasing. Over the last decade, laparoscopic procedures have been successfully applied both in emergency and oncological surgery. However, treatment costs have become a more important factor in choosing between open or laparoscopic procedures. Aim To present the total real costs of open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, appendectomy and sigmoidectomy. Material and methods Between 1 May 2010 and 30 March 2015 in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, General and Oncological Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, and in the Department of General Surgery of the Saint John of God Hospital, Lodz, doctors performed 1404 cholecystectomies, 392 appendectomies and 88 sigmoidectomies. A total of 97% of the cholecystectomy procedures were laparoscopic and 3% were open. Similarly, 22% of total appendectomies were laparoscopic and 78% were open, while 9% of sigmoidectomies were laparoscopic and 91% open. Results The requirement for single-use equipment in laparoscopic procedures increases the expense. However, after adding up all other costs, surprisingly, differences between the costs of laparoscopic and open procedures ranged from 451 PLN/ 114 for laparoscopic operations to 611 PLN/ 153 for open operations. Conclusions Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, considered the standard surgery for treating gallbladder diseases, is cheaper than open cholecystectomy. Laparoscopic appendectomy and sigmoidectomy are safe methods of minimally invasive surgery, slightly more expensive than open operations. Of all the analyzed procedures, one-day laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most profitable. The costs of both laparoscopic and open sigmoidectomy are greatly underestimated in Poland. PMID:26649092

  16. Case report: MR imaging features of disseminated uterine leiomyosarcoma presenting after hysterectomy with morcellation.

    PubMed

    Ciszak, Tadi; Mittal, Pardeep K; Sullivan, Patrick; Cardona, Kenneth; Hanley, Krisztina Z; Khanna, Namita; Moreno, Courtney Coursey

    2015-10-01

    A 53-year-old woman underwent elective hysterectomy for symptomatic anemia secondary to abnormal uterine bleeding. She presented 15months later with complaints of abdominal fullness. Abdominopelvic magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated multiple confluent enhancing solid masses centered in the pelvis and extending cranially to the level of the umbilicus. Additional separate nodules also were visible along the peritoneum. Biopsy demonstrated leiomyosarcoma. Additional clinical information was obtained, which revealed that the patient's prior hysterectomy was performed with morcellation. In November 2014, the United States Food and Drug Administration issued a warning discouraging the use of morcellation during hysterectomy and myomectomy because of the risk of seeding unsuspected malignancy. Radiologists should be aware of this potential complication of morcellation and its imaging appearance so that the correct diagnosis can be suggested in the imaging report. PMID:26093623

  17. Hysterectomy and Bilateral Salpingoovariectomy in a Transsexual Subject without Visible Scaring.

    PubMed

    Perrone, Anna Myriam; Scifo, Maria Cristina; Martelli, Valentina; Casadio, Paolo; Morselli, Paolo Giovanni; Pelusi, Giuseppe; Meriggiola, Maria Cristina

    2010-01-01

    Objective. To report on the use of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) for the management of total hysterectomy (TH) with bilateral salpingoovariectomy (BSO) in a subject affected by gender identity disorder. Design. Case report. Setting. University Hospital. Patient(s). A 27-year-old affected by Gender Identity Disorder underwent a hysterectomy and BSO as part of surgical sex reassignment. Intervention(s). Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery access for TH and BSO. Main Outcome Measure(s). The procedure was performed without incident. The trocar placement was easy and safe, without inadvertent port removal. No vascular or visceral injuries, loss of pneumoperitoneum, or intraoperative port site bleeding occurred. Result(s). A detailed description of the technique of a single-site surgery for management of hysterectomy and BSO. Conclusion. Our case presents the first report of single-site surgery for surgical treatment of subjects affected by GID. PMID:20811647

  18. Laparoscopic fertility sparing management of cervical cancer.

    PubMed

    Facchini, Chiara; Rapacchia, Giuseppina; Montanari, Giulia; Casadio, Paolo; Pilu, Gianluigi; Seracchioli, Renato

    2014-04-01

    Fertility can be preserved after conservative cervical surgery. We report on a 29-year-old woman who was obese, para 0, and diagnosed with cervical insufficiency at the first trimester of current pregnancy due to a previous trachelectomy. She underwent laparoscopic transabdominal cervical cerclage (LTCC) for cervical cancer. The surgery was successful and she was discharged two days later. The patient underwent a caesarean section at 38 weeks of gestation. Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive approach associated with less pain and faster recovery, feasible even in obese women. PMID:24696772

  19. Laparoscopic Robot-Assisted Diaphragm Plication.

    PubMed

    Zwischenberger, Brittany A; Kister, Nathaniel; Zwischenberger, Joseph B; Martin, Jeremiah T

    2016-01-01

    Minimally invasive approaches to diaphragm plication for eventration include thoracoscopic and laparoscopic techniques. The elevated hemidiaphragm and ribs limit thoracoscopic techniques. We report our modification of the laparoscopic approach using robotic assistance with the da Vinci Surgical System, (Intuitive Surgical Inc, Sunnyvale, CA) to avoid single-lung ventilation, facilitate exposure, and allow more precise placement of plication sutures to achieve an even tension and maximum plication. Critical steps include creation of a small defect in the diaphragm to equalize pressures between cavities and placement of multiple, pledgeted interrupted horizontal mattresses. PMID:26694286

  20. Laparoscopic Repair of Foramen of Winslow Hernia.

    PubMed

    Garg, Shailesh; Flumeri-Perez, Giovanni; Perveen, Shabana; DeNoto, George

    2016-03-01

    Foramen of Winslow hernia is a rare surgical entity with very few reported cases in literature. Preoperative diagnosis used to be difficult but with emerging computed tomography technology, diagnosing this internal abdominal hernia has become easier. We present an unusual case report of foramen of Winslow hernia in a 77-year-old patient who presented with severe abdominal pain. The patient underwent laparoscopic repair of the hernia and recovered well postoperatively. This presentation of symptoms in a 77-year-old male is unusual and laparoscopic management of foramen of Winslow hernia presents an interesting and challenging management scenario. PMID:26900313

  1. Laparoscopic resection of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

    PubMed

    Al-Kurd, Abbas; Chapchay, Katya; Grozinsky-Glasberg, Simona; Mazeh, Haggi

    2014-05-01

    Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are a rare heterogeneous group of endocrine neoplasms. Surgery remains the best curative option for this type of tumor. Over the past two decades, with the development of laparoscopic pancreatic surgery, an increasingly larger number of PNET resections are being performed by these minimally-invasive techniques. In this review article, the various laparoscopic surgical options for the excision of PNETs are discussed. In addition, a summary of the literature describing the outcome of these treatment modalities is presented. PMID:24803802

  2. Laparoscopic resection of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

    PubMed Central

    Al-Kurd, Abbas; Chapchay, Katya; Grozinsky-Glasberg, Simona; Mazeh, Haggi

    2014-01-01

    Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are a rare heterogeneous group of endocrine neoplasms. Surgery remains the best curative option for this type of tumor. Over the past two decades, with the development of laparoscopic pancreatic surgery, an increasingly larger number of PNET resections are being performed by these minimally-invasive techniques. In this review article, the various laparoscopic surgical options for the excision of PNETs are discussed. In addition, a summary of the literature describing the outcome of these treatment modalities is presented. PMID:24803802

  3. Current Trends in Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair

    PubMed Central

    Patapis, Paul; Zavras, Nick; Tzanetis, Panagiotis; Machairas, Anastasios

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the surgical technique, postoperative complications, and possible recurrence after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) in comparison with open ventral hernia repair (OVHR), based on the international literature. Database: A Medline search of the current English literature was performed using the terms laparoscopic ventral hernia repair and incisional hernia repair. Conclusions: LVHR is a safe alternative to the open method, with the main advantages being minimal postoperative pain, shorter recovery, and decreased wound and mesh infections. Incidental enterotomy can be avoided by using a meticulous technique and sharp dissection to avoid thermal injury. PMID:26273186

  4. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in partial situs inversus

    PubMed Central

    Borude, S; Jadhav, S; Shaikh, T; Nath, SR

    2012-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery in a patient with Partial Situs Inversus may pose interesting challenges to the surgeon. Here we report a case of a morbidly obese young female with partial situs inversus who underwent Laparoscopic Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG). The peri-operative challenges very many and these have been enumerated. The mirror image approach is recommended in such cases for a successful surgery which was not employed in this case. Postoperative barium swallow was normal and the patient has been on regular follow up. PMID:24960136

  5. Comparison of single port and three port laparoscopic splenectomy in patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura: Clinical comparative study

    PubMed Central

    Barbaros, Umut; Aksakal, Nihat; Tukenmez, Mustafa; Agcaoglu, Orhan; Bostan, Mustafa Sami; Kilic, Berkay; Kalayci, Murat; Dinccag, Ahmet; Seven, Ridvan; Mercan, Selcuk

    2015-01-01

    AIM: Single-port laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has become increasingly popular during the last decades. This prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the feasibility of single-port laparoscopic splenectomy compared with conventional multiport laparoscopic splenectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between February 2, 2009 and August 29, 2011, a total of 40 patients with the diagnosis of immune thrombocytopenic purpura were included to study. Patients were alienated into two groups according to the procedure type including SILS and conventional multiport splenectomy. RESULTS: There were 19 patients in group 1, and 21 in group 2. Operative time was significantly shorter in group 1 versus group 2 (112.4 ± 13.56 vs 71.2 ±18.1 minutes, respectively, P < 0.05). One patient in group 1 had converted to laparatomy due to preoperative bleeding. Postoperative pain analyses (VAS Score) revealed superiority of SILS in the early post-operative days (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: SILS splenectomy is a safe and effective alternative to standard laparoscopic splenectomy. PMID:26195874

  6. Elective laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon carcinoma incarcerated within an inguinal hernia: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Kanemura, Takashi; Takeno, Atsushi; Tamura, Shigeyuki; Okishiro, Masatsugu; Nakahira, Shin; Suzuki, Rei; Nakata, Ken; Egawa, Chiyomi; Miki, Hirohumi; Takeda, Yutaka; Kato, Takeshi

    2014-07-01

    Primary colon carcinoma within an inguinal hernia sac is very rare and most reported cases were found at emergency open surgery for an incarcerated hernia. We report a case of incarcerated sigmoid colon carcinoma diagnosed preoperatively and treated with elective laparoscopic surgery. A 67-year-old man with a 2-year history of swelling of the scrotum and a breast lump was referred to us for surgical treatment of an irreducible left inguinal hernia and a right breast tumor. Blood examination results showed severe anemia. Computed tomography scan and endoscopic biopsy confirmed sigmoid colon carcinoma incarcerated in the left inguinal hernia. Thus, we performed definitive laparoscopic sigmoidectomy and conventional hernia repair for preoperatively diagnosed sigmoid colon carcinoma within an inguinal hernia. PMID:23846798

  7. Linear salpingotomy with suturing by single incision laparoscopic surgery for tubal ectopic pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Kumakiri, Jun; Kikuchi, Iwaho; Kitade, Mari; Matsuoka, Shozo; Tokita, Sachiko; Takeda, Satoru

    2010-12-01

    We investigated the feasibility of linear salpingotomy with suturing for ampullary tubal pregnancy via single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS). Three patients underwent SILS between April and May 2010 at our hospital due to ampullary tubal pregnancy. A multichannel port was inserted into the umbilicus via a 2.5-cm incision to accommodate a 5-mm flexible laparoscope and a disposable articulating forceps. The linearly incised Fallopian tube was intracorporeally sutured using an articulating suturing device dedicated to SILS. The mean surgical duration was 54 minutes. Tubal preservation by linear salpingotomy was accomplished for all patients without up-conversion to conventional laparoscopy. Serum ?-hCG values of all patients immediately decreased and further medical treatment was unnecessary. PMID:21050154

  8. Tubal ligation, hysterectomy, and epithelial ovarian cancer in the New England Case-Control Study

    PubMed Central

    Rice, Megan S.; Murphy, Megan A.; Vitonis, Allison F.; Cramer, Daniel W.; Titus, Linda J.; Tworoger, Shelley S.; Terry, Kathryn L.

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies have observed that tubal ligation and hysterectomy are associated with a decreased risk of ovarian cancer; however little is known about whether these associations vary bysurgical characteristics, individual characteristics, or tumor histology. We used logistic regression to examine tubal ligation, simple hysterectomy, and hysterectomy with unilateral oophorectomy in relation to risk of epithelial ovarian cancer in the New England Case-Control study. Our primary analysis included 2,265 cases and 2,333 controls. Overall, tubal ligation was associated with a lower risk of epithelial ovarian cancer (OR: 0.82, 95%CI: 0.68-0.97), especially for endometrioid tumors (OR=0.45, 95%CI: 0.29-0.69). The inverse association between tubal ligation and ovarian cancer risk was stronger for women who had undergone the procedure at the time of last delivery (OR=0.60, 95%CI: 0.42-0.84) rather than at a later time (OR=0.93, 95%CI: 0.75-1.15). Overall, simple hysterectomy was not associated with ovarian cancer risk (OR: 1.09, 95%CI: 0.83, 1.42), although it was associated with a non-significant decreased risk of ovarian cancer among women who underwent the procedure at age 45 or older (RR: 0.64, 95%CI: 0.40, 1.02) or within the last 10 years (OR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.38, 1.13). Overall, women who had a hysterectomy with a unilateral oophorectomy had significantly lower risk of ovarian cancer (OR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.45-0.94). In summary, tubal ligation and hysterectomy with unilateral oophorectomy were inversely associated with ovarian cancer risk in a large population-based case-control study. Additional research is necessary to understand the potential biologic mechanisms by which these procedures may reduce ovarian cancer risk. PMID:23650079

  9. Transvaginal Mini-Laparoscopic Splenectomy.

    PubMed

    Yagci, Mehmet Ali A; Kayaalp, Cuneyt; Sumer, Fatih

    2015-01-01

    We aimed to perform a more and more minimal invasive splenectomy by only through two 5 mm umbilical trocars and one vaginal trocar. A 43-year-old female (BMI 31 kg/m(2), ASA II) with immune thrombocytopenic purpura was planned for splenectomy. She had a history of a previous cesarean section for three times. Two 5 mm trocars were inserted separately through the umbilicus. We did not use any single port device or similar modifications. A 15 mm trocar was inserted through the posterior fornix of the vagina under umbilical laparoscopic vision. The 5 mm umbilical ports were used for camera and retraction of the spleen. The transvaginal port was used for dissection and division of the spleen by a 10-mm LigaSure Atlas vessel sealing system. No clips or staples were used. As the spleen became completely free in the abdomen, it was removed through the vagina in a bag without fragmentation. The operating time was 200 minutes and the blood loss was minimal (< 20 ml). No drain or abdominal fascia suturing was used but closing the posterior fornix of the vagina. Her postoperative course was uneventful and she was discharged on day two without complication. She did not require any analgesics postoperatively. Platelet values increased to 408.000 mm(3) in the follow-up. To the best of our knowledge, this report described the most minimal invasive splenectomy even. Additionally, it provided an unfragmented spleen extraction. The transvaginal approach seems to be a feasible way to perform natural orifice splenectomy. PMID:26543694

  10. Laparoscopic surgery for ulcerative colitis: a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Hata, Keisuke; Kazama, Shinsuke; Nozawa, Hiroaki; Kawai, Kazushige; Kiyomatsu, Tomomichi; Tanaka, Junichiro; Tanaka, Toshiaki; Nishikawa, Takeshi; Yamaguchi, Hironori; Ishihara, Soichiro; Sunami, Eiji; Kitayama, Joji; Watanabe, Toshiaki

    2015-08-01

    Despite the development of new therapies, including anti-TNF alpha antibodies and immunosuppressants, a substantial proportion of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) still require surgery. Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal-pouch anal anastomosis is the standard surgical treatment of choice for UC. With the advent of laparoscopic techniques for colorectal surgery, ileal-pouch anal anastomosis has also been performed laparoscopically. This paper reviews the history and current trends in laparoscopic surgery for UC. The accumulation of experience and improvement of laparoscopic devices have shifted the paradigm of UC surgery towards laparoscopic surgery over the past decade. Although laparoscopic surgery requires a longer operation, it provides significantly better short and long-term outcomes. The short-term benefits of laparoscopic surgery over open surgery include shorter hospital stays and fasting times, as well as better cosmesis. The long-term benefits of laparoscopy include better fecundity in young females. Some surgeons favor laparoscopic surgery even for severe acute colitis. More efforts are being made to develop newer laparoscopic methods, such as reduced port surgery, including single incision laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery. PMID:25346254

  11. Laparoscopic repair of adult Bochdalek's hernia

    PubMed Central

    Husain, Musharraf; Hajini, Firdoos Farooq; Ganguly, Pavitra; Bukhari, Syed

    2013-01-01

    Bochdalek's hernia is a type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia occurring in approximately 1 in 220012?500 live births. It is considered to be extremely rare in adults and poses a diagnostic challenge. We present a case of a young man who was diagnosed as a case of congenital Bochdalek's hernia and underwent laparoscopic mesh repair. PMID:23761496

  12. Laparoscopic surgery and the systemic immune response.

    PubMed Central

    Vittimberga, F J; Foley, D P; Meyers, W C; Callery, M P

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors review studies relating to the immune responses evoked by laparoscopic surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Laparoscopic surgery has gained rapid acceptance based on clinical grounds. Patients benefit from faster recovery, decreased pain, and quicker return to normal activities. Only more recently have attempts been made to identify the metabolic and immune responses that may underlie this clinical success. The immune responses to laparoscopy are now being evaluated in relation to the present knowledge of immune responses to traditional laparotomy and surgery in general. METHODS: A review of the published literature of the immune and metabolic responses to laparoscopy was performed. Laparoscopic surgery is compared with the traditional laparotomy on the basis of local and systemic immune responses and patterns of tumor growth. The impact of pneumoperitoneum and insufflation gases on the immune response is also reviewed. CONCLUSIONS: The systemic immune responses for surgery in general may not apply to laparoscopic surgery. The body's response to laparoscopy is one of lesser immune activation as opposed to immunosuppression. PMID:9527054

  13. Understanding perceptual boundaries in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Lamata, Pablo; Gomez, Enrique J; Hernández, Félix Lamata; Oltra Pastor, Alfonso; Sanchez-Margallo, Francisco Miquel; Del Pozo Guerrero, Francisco

    2008-03-01

    Human perceptual capabilities related to the laparoscopic interaction paradigm are not well known. Its study is important for the design of virtual reality simulators, and for the specification of augmented reality applications that overcome current limitations and provide a supersensing to the surgeon. As part of this work, this article addresses the study of laparoscopic pulling forces. Two definitions are proposed to focalize the problem: the perceptual fidelity boundary, limit of human perceptual capabilities, and the Utile fidelity boundary, that encapsulates the perceived aspects actually used by surgeons to guide an operation. The study is then aimed to define the perceptual fidelity boundary of laparoscopic pulling forces. This is approached with an experimental design in which surgeons assess the resistance against pulling of four different tissues, which are characterized with both in vivo interaction forces and ex vivo tissue biomechanical properties. A logarithmic law of tissue consistency perception is found comparing subjective valorizations with objective parameters. A model of this perception is developed identifying what the main parameters are: the grade of fixation of the organ, the tissue stiffness, the amount of tissue bitten, and the organ mass being pulled. These results are a clear requirement analysis for the force feedback algorithm of a virtual reality laparoscopic simulator. Finally, some discussion is raised about the suitability of augmented reality applications around this surgical gesture. PMID:18334378

  14. Laparoscopic Ureteral Reimplant for Distal Ureteral Strictures

    PubMed Central

    Abbott, John T.; Wilmot, Chester; Pattaras, John G.

    2008-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The incidence of ureteral injuries is on the rise. Endoscopic treatment of long distal ureteral strictures is associated with poor success rates, and open ureteral reimplantation is a potentially morbid surgical procedure. The objective of this study was to review our early results with laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation. Methods: Between May 2004 and February 2007, 6 patients with ureteral strictures secondary to either gynecological surgery (4) or urolithiasis (2) presented for treatment. These patients failed traditional conservative treatment and underwent laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation. Results: Five of the 6 cases were performed completely laparoscopically, while one patient had an elective open conversion to complete the vesicoureteral anastomosis. No major intraoperative or postoperative complications were encountered. The mean operating room time was 277 minutes (range, 180 to 360). The average hospital stay was 2.7 days (range, 2 to 5). All patients had a successful outcome defined as no evidence of radiographic obstruction and no clinical complaints of persistent renal colic. Mean follow-up was 13.2 months (range, 2 to 33). Conclusion: Our early results demonstrate that laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation is an effective minimally invasive treatment option for distal ureteral strictures. PMID:18402733

  15. Laparoscopic splenectomy for atraumatic splenic rupture.

    PubMed

    Grossi, Ugo; Crucitti, Antonio; D'Amato, Gerardo; Mazzari, Andrea; Tomaiuolo, Pasquina M C; Cavicchioni, Camillo; Bellantone, Rocco

    2011-01-01

    A traumatic splenic rupture (ASR) is a rare clinical entity. Several underlying benign and malignant conditions have been described as a leading cause. We report on a case of ASR in a 41-year-old man treated with laparoscopic splenectomy. Considering ASR as a life-threatening condition, a prompt diagnosis can be life saving. PMID:21675627

  16. Single-incision (with multi-input single-port) laparoscopic colorectal procedures: Early results

    PubMed Central

    Ertem, Metin; Gk, Hakan; zveri, Emel

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a scar-less new surgical technique which has been gaining popularity over recent years. In comparison to conventional multiport laparoscopic surgery, SILS is introduced as a less invasive method. This technique has also been applied to colorectal surgery. The aim of the presenting study is to investigate the applicability of SILS and report short term results. Material and Methods: We evaluated prospectively collected data of 24 patients who had been operated with Single Incision Laparoscopic Colon Resection (SILCR) in our clinic between June 2011June 2013. Informed consent was obtained from all patients before surgery. Patient data such as ASA and BMI values, need for additional surgery, tumors, number of lymph nodes resected, length of hospital stay, length of surgery, timing of flatus, time to start oral feeding and complications were recorded. Results: SILCR was performed in 24 patients. In 13 patients, SILCR was performed for cancer treatment. There was no need for extra ports, conversion to open surgery and stoma creation was also not necessary. Drain was placed in 4 patients. Overall complication rate was 12.5%. The mean number of lymph nodes in 13 patients who underwent SILCR for tumor was found to be 23 (1433). The mean operative time and length of hospital stay was 177 minutes (110363) and 5.35 days (411) respectively. Anastomotic leakage was not seen in any of the patients. In one patient, urinoma formation due to ureteral leakage was seen which resulted from thermal injury. Conclusion: When we compare other series with almost the same number of patients reported SILS results in the literature, we believe that we could draw conclusions from our data. SILS appears to have comparable results to conventional multiport laparoscopic surgery in the hands of experienced surgeons. It seems advantegous as it can be done with conventional laparoscopic instruments in a scar-less manner. Prospective randomized trials are necessary to define the benefits of one procedure over the other. PMID:25931861

  17. Single-Port Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Gall Bladder Polyps

    PubMed Central

    Joong Choi, Chan; Kim, Min Chan; Choi, Hong Jo; Kim, Young Hoon; Jung, Ghap Joong

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC) was introduced to improve patients' postoperative quality of life and cosmesis over the conventional approach (CLC). The purpose of this casecontrol study was to compare the outcome of SPLC with that of CLC in a specific disease: gall bladder (GB) polyps. Methods: Eligible for the study were all patients with GB polyps who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy between June 1, 2009, and June 30, 2011. The 112 patients studied (56 each for SPLC and CLC) were matched by using a propensity score that included gender, age, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, history of previous abdominal operation, and pathology outcome. To avoid selection bias caused by the surgeon's choice (often dependent on the degree of inflammation) and to investigate the efficacy of SPLC for a single disease, GB polyps, we excluded patients with acute or chronic cholecystitis. Results: Characteristics of the patients matched by a propensity score between SPLC and CLC showed no significant difference. Incidentally detected malignancy was in postoperative pathology in cases in both groups. Although operative time was shorter for SPLC, there was no significant difference in time between the 2 groups. There were 3 open conversions in the CLC group, and an additional port was used in the SPLC group. There was no difference between the groups in hospital stay and postoperative complications. Conclusion: In the management of GB polyps, the operative results of SPLC are comparable to those of CLC. We conclude that SPLC is as safe as CLC and has the potential for greater cosmetic satisfaction for patients than CLC. Further trials for objective appraisal of cosmetic outcomes are needed. PMID:26229419

  18. Transmesocolic Approach for Left Side Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty: Comparison with Laterocolic Approach in the Initial Learning Period

    PubMed Central

    Han, Hyun Ho; Ham, Won Sik; Kim, Jang Hwan; Choi, Young Deuk; Han, Sang Won; Chung, Byung Ha

    2013-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the outcome of transmesocolic (TMC) laparoscopic pyeloplasty compared with conventional laterocolic procedure for surgeons with limited experience. Materials and Methods We started laparoscopic pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction in 2009. Since then, 21 patients of left side disease have undergone this surgery in our institution. To access the left ureteropelvic junction, we used the conventional laterocolic approach in 9 patients, while the transmesocolic approach was used in the remaining 12 patients, and perioperative results and follow-up data were then compared. Results The mean operative time using the transmesocolic approach was significantly shorter than the conventional laterocolic approach (242 vs. 308 min, p=0.022). Furthermore, there was no complication or open conversion. Postoperative pain was significantly decreased in the TMC group (2.8 vs. 4.0 points, measured using the visual analogue scale on the first postoperative day, p=0.009). Postoperative complications were encountered in two patients. All patients were symptom-free after 1 year of follow-up, and radiologic success rates for each group were 92 and 89%, respectively. Conclusion Direct exposure of the ureteropelvic junction via the mesocolon saves time during the colon mobilization procedure. The approach is safe and feasible even for surgeons with limited experience, and has success rates similar to those of the conventional laterocolic approach. PMID:23225819

  19. Barrett's esophagus: a late complication of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding.

    PubMed

    Varela, J Esteban

    2010-02-01

    Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding has become a popular bariatric restrictive procedure in the USA. The increasing popularity of the laparoscopic adjustable gastric band procedure could, in part, be related to the lower cost and lower morbidity compared with laparoscopic gastric bypass. Although its placement is related to a lower number of perioperative complications compared with laparoscopic gastric bypass, its morbidity may be substantial. Barrett's esophagus or esophageal intestinal metaplasia is a known complication of chronic gastro-esophageal reflux disease that, in rare occasions, progresses to dysplasia and esophageal adenocarcinoma. Barrett's esophagus, after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding placement, is a rare but not unexpected complication after gastric band placement. The incidence of Barrett's esophagus after adjustable gastric banding is not known. We present a case of Barrett's esophagus as a result of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding placement due to a chronically and highly restrictive gastric band in a former morbidly obese patient. PMID:19997783

  20. Laparoscopic intraperitoneal mesh repair of Spigelian hernia: A case report.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, Daisuke; Itoh, Shinji; Kinjo, Nao; Harimoto, Norifumi; Maruyama, Seiji; Kawanaka, Hirofumi; Shirabe, Ken; Matsukuma, Akito; Kohnoe, Shunji; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2015-11-01

    Spigelian hernia is a rare congenital defect of the anterior abdominal wall located along the semilunar line through the aponeurosis fascia of the transversus abdominis muscle. It represents 1%-2% of all abdominal wall hernias. Few cases of laparoscopic treatment for Spigelian hernia have been reported, especially in Japan. However, several reports of laparoscopic surgery to repair Spigelian hernias have been published, and some have shown that the laparoscopic approach repair is feasible because it is associated with less morbidity and a shorter hospital stay than open surgery. We herein describe a 63-year-old Japanese woman who presented with painful bulging in the right lower abdominal quadrant. A preoperative diagnosis of Spigelian hernia was made, and we performed laparoscopic intraperitoneal repair. The patient was discharged 6 days after laparoscopic surgery with no perioperative complications. This report describes the first successful laparoscopic intraperitoneal mesh repair of Spigelian hernia in Japan. PMID:26708590

  1. Factors Related to Hysterectomy in Women with Physical and Mobility Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsieh, Molly; Chen, Si-Fan; Wu, Chia-Ling; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Lin, Jin-Ding

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to identify self-report data for hysterectomy prevalence and to explore its correlated factors among women with physical and mobility disabilities in Taiwan. This paper was part of a larger study, "Survey on Preventive Health Utilizations of People with Physical and Mobility Disability in Taiwan," which is a cross-sectional survey

  2. Placenta percreta managed by transverse uterine fundal incision with retrograde cesarean hysterectomy: a novel surgical approach

    PubMed Central

    Matsuzaki, Shinya; Yoshino, Kiyoshi; Kumasawa, Keiichi; Satou, Noriko; Mimura, Kazuya; Kanagawa, Takeshi; Ueda, Yutaka; Kimura, Tadashi

    2014-01-01

    Key Clinical Message Placenta percreta (with bladder invasion) is a rare obstetric condition with the risk of massive intraoperative hemorrhage. In these cases, the combination of a transverse uterine fundal incision and retrograde cesarean hysterectomy could be useful to minimize maternal hemorrhage and avoid severe bladder injury. PMID:25548627

  3. [The capacities of ultrasound study and magnetic resonance imaging of small pelvic masses after hysterectomy].

    PubMed

    Boldyreva, O G; Briukhanov, A V

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to develop the ultrasound study (USS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) semiotics of small pelvic masses after hysterectomy, to comprehensively use USS and MRI for the diagnosis of these masses, and to define indications for MRI. One hundred and seventy-five female patients with small pelvic masses after hysterectomy were examined. For the specification of the pattern of small pelvic masses and their differential diagnosis, USS and MRI were carried out in 175 and 72 patients, respectively. Four groups of the masses were identified; of them there were tumor-like masses of the uterine appendages in 67 (38.2%) patients, ovarian tumors in 31 (17.7%), other additional masses of the small pelvis in 27 (15.4%), and a mixed variant of its masses in 50 (28.5%). The findings suggest that it is reasonable to concurrently use USS and MRI in the diagnosis of small pelvic masses following hysterectomy for the specification of their pattern and their differential diagnosis. The benefit of MRI is that information images of the basic structures of the small pelvis can be obtained in patients with a marked commissural process after hysterectomy in the absence of limitations in large mass sizes. Practical guidelines were proposed to comprehensively use USS and MRI for the diagnosis of small pelvic pathology. PMID:23214029

  4. The information requirements and self-perceptions of Turkish women undergoing hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Gercek, Emine; Dal, Nursel Alp; Dag, Hande; Senveli, Seyran

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate the affects, information requirements and self-perceptions of Turkish women undergoing hysterectomy. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 37 Turkish women undergoing hysterectomy and followed in a gynecology unit of a state hospital in Canakkale, Turkey, between February and August 2012. Data were collected before discharge with a questionnaire composed of 32 questions. Percentage distributions and Chi-square test were used in the evaluation of the data. Results: There was a significant relationship between fear of anesthesia and number of pregnancies (p=0.007) and between death during surgery and number of pregnancies in the preoperative period (p=0.027). The relationship between knowing type of surgery and knowing when sutures would be removed was also significant in post-operative period (p=0.045). In addition, there was a significant relationship between women’s living only with their husbands and worrying about not having children anymore (p=0.032). Conclusion: The women’s information needs were high and women’s self-perceptions had been affected negatively after hysterectomy. It is recommended that nurses, primarily health professionals should have adequate knowledge on comprehensive care and psychosocial support after hysterectomy.

  5. Postoperative Immunosuppression After Open and Laparoscopic Liver Resection: Assessment of Cellular Immune Function and Monocytic HLA-DR Expression

    PubMed Central

    Haacke, Nadine; Meisel, Christian; Unterwalder, Nadine; Fikatas, Panagiotis; Schmidt, Sven C.

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Major abdominal procedures are strongly associated with postoperative immunosuppression and subsequent increased patient morbidity. It is believed that laparoscopic surgery causes less depletion of the systemic immune function because of the reduced tissue trauma. Various cytokines and monocytic HLA-DR expression have been successfully implemented to assess postoperative immune function. The aim of our study was to show the difference in immunologic profiles after minimally invasive versus conventional liver resection. Methods: Ten animals underwent either laparoscopic or conventional open left lateral liver resection. Flow cytometric characteristics of HLA-DR expression on monocytes and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated cellular secretion of tumor necrosis factor ?, interferon ?, interleukin 6, and interleukin 8 were measured and analyzed in ex vivo whole blood samples. Intraoperative and postoperative clinical outcome parameters were also documented and evaluated. Results: All animals survived the procedures. Postoperative complications were fever (n = 3), wound infections (n = 2), and biloma (n = 1). Open surgery showed a morbidity rate of 80% compared with 40% after laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic liver resection showed no postoperative immunoparalysis. Major histocompatibility complex class II expression in this group was elevated, whereas the open surgery group showed decreased major histocompatibility complex class II expression on postoperative day 1. Postoperative secretion of tumor necrosis factor ?, interleukin 6, and interferon ? was lower in the open surgery group. Elevated transaminase levels after laparoscopy might have resulted from an ischemia/reperfusion injury caused by the capnoperitoneum. Conclusion: Major immunoparalysis depression was not observed in either group. Laparoscopic surgery shows a tendency to improve immunologic recovery after liver resection. PMID:24398205

  6. Subhepatic Sterile Abscess 10 Years After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Bartels, Anne K.; Zamora, Jose Gonzales

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of a large, sterile, subhepatic abdominal wall abscess secondary to foreign body reaction to dropped gallstones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed 10 years ago. Dropped gallstones are common complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but they rarely result in abscess formation. When abscesses do occur, they may present a few months to a few years after surgery. It is important to recognize dropped gallstones as an etiology for subhepatic abscess in patients with history of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:26157931

  7. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in the lower urinary tract.

    PubMed

    Gundeti, Mohan S; Kojima, Yoshiyuki; Haga, Nobuhiro; Kiriluk, Kyle

    2013-08-01

    Open surgery has long been the most common surgical approach for the correction of congenital anomalies of the lower urinary tract in children. With the continued development of minimally invasive surgery in adult urology, including endoscopic, conventional, and robot-assisted laparoscopic approaches, the indications for minimally invasive surgery have similarly expanded in the pediatric population. The most commonly performed robotic procedure in children has been pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction; the use of robotics in complex reconstructive surgery in the lower urinary tract has also been acceptable. In this review, we summarize recent viewpoints regarding robotic-assisted laparoscopic reconstructive surgeries in the lower urinary tract, such as ureteral reimplantation, appendicovesicostomy, and augmentation enterocystoplasty in the pediatric population, and critically summarize the current knowledge on outcomes in the literature. We also discuss our technique and the outcomes of robotic ureteral reimplantation. This review demonstrates that robotic-assisted laparoscopic reconstructive surgeries in the lower urinary tract are technically feasible and may achieve outcomes that are equalto those of open surgery, with reduced morbidity. PMID:23740381

  8. Initial experience with the EndoAssist camera-holding robot in laparoscopic urological surgery.

    PubMed

    Kommu, Sashi S; Rimington, Peter; Anderson, Christopher; Ran, Abhay

    2007-01-01

    Although the advantages of laparoscopic surgery are well documented, one disadvantage is that, for optimum performance, an experienced camera driver is required who can provide the necessary views for the operating surgeon. In this paper we describe our experience with urological laparoscopic techniques using the novel EndoAssist robotic camera holder and review the current status of alternative devices. A total of 51 urological procedures (25 using the EndoAssist device and 26 using a conventional human camera driver) conducted by three experienced surgeons were studied prospectively, including nephrectomy (simple and radical), pyeloplasty, radical prostatectomy, and radical cystoprostatectomy. The surgeon noted the extent of body comfort and muscle fatigue in each case. Other aspects documented were ease of scope movement, i.e. usability, need to clean the telescope, time of set-up, surgical performance, and whether it was necessary to change the position of the arm during the surgery. All three surgeons involved in the evaluation felt comfortable throughout all procedures, with no loss of autonomy. It was, however, obvious that the large arc generated whilst doing a nephrectomy led to more episodes of lens cleaning, and the arm had to be relocated on some occasions. Clearer benefits were seen while performing pelvic surgery or pyeloplasty, perhaps because the arc of movement was smaller. The EndoAssist is an effective, easy to use device for robotic camera driving which reduces the constraint of having to have an experienced camera driver for optimum visualisation during laparoscopic urological procedures. PMID:25484949

  9. Exclusion criteria for assuring safety of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Kawaguchi, Yoshikuni; Ishizawa, Takeaki; Nagata, Rihito; Kaneko, Junichi; Sakamoto, Yoshihiro; Aoki, Taku; Sugawara, Yasuhiko; Hasegawa, Kiyoshi; Kokudo, Norihiro

    2016-01-01

    Despite increasing popularity of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC), indication criteria assuring safety of SILC has yet to be established. In the present study, the subjects consisted of 146 consecutive patients undergoing conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC) or SILC. SILC was indicated after excluding patients who met following criteria: age > 75 years, obesity, operative scar, cardiopulmonary diseases, acute cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis and abnormal bile duct anatomy. Thirty-four patients were excluded from the SILC candidates (moderate/high-risk CLC group). Among the 112 potential candidates, SILC was indicated for 23 patients (21%, SILC group) and the remaining 89 patients (79%) underwent CLC (low-risk CLC group). In the SILC group, operation time was longer than in the low-risk CLC group (171 [113-286] vs. 126 [72-240] min, p < 0.01), but the periods requiring painkiller was shorter. That led to reduced length of hospital stay compared to low-risk CLC group (2 [2-4] vs. 4 [2-12] days, p < 0.01). Between the low-risk CLC and moderate/high-risk CLC group, operation time was significantly longer and amount of blood loss was larger in the latter group. No complications were encountered in the SILC group. SILC can be indicated safely as far as appropriate criteria is adopted for excluding patients in whom complicated laparoscopic procedures are needed. PMID:26781799

  10. Laparoscopic assisted total gastrectomy for gastric cancer – operative technique

    PubMed Central

    Salih, Abdelmonim; Kazanowski, Michal; Walsh, Thomas N.

    2015-01-01

    For many years, open gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy was the gold standard treatment for gastric cancer. In recent years, however, laparoscopic assisted total gastrectomy with associated D2 lymphadenectomy has gained in popularity. It has a similar oncological outcome to open resection, but has all of the added advantages of a laparoscopic procedure, such as early mobilisation, less postoperative pain and shorter hospital stay. This article describes the operative techniques, including key procedure steps, as well as a guide for using the new OrVil device for the laparoscopic creation of the oesophago-jejunal anastomosis. A video of a laparoscopic assisted total gastrectomy is presented. PMID:25960805

  11. The Survival and Complication Rates of Laparoscopic Versus Open Catheter Placement in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: A Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yong; Shao, Yeqing; Xu, Jiayun

    2015-10-01

    The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic insertion method with a conventional open surgery. A systematical search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library up to June 2014. Relative risks (RRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used as estimates. Four randomized-controlled trials and 10 cohort studies involving 2323 patients were identified. The pooled results showed that laparoscopic insertion technique significantly prolonged the 1-year survival (RR=1.23; 95% CI, 1.12-1.35) and 2-year survival (RR=1.36; 95% CI, 1.16-1.60). Meanwhile, laparoscopic insertion significantly decreased the probability of surgical intervention or catheter revision (RR=0.32; 95% CI, 0.15-0.69) and risk of migration (RR=0.31; 95% CI, 0.18-0.53) and obstruction (RR=0.43; 95% CI, 0.28-0.66). Thus, laparoscopic catheter placement may be superior to open surgery in peritoneal dialysis catheter placement. PMID:26429052

  12. Application of single-image camera calibration for ultrasound augmented laparoscopic visualization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Xinyang; Su, He; Kang, Sukryool; Kane, Timothy D.; Shekhar, Raj

    2015-03-01

    Accurate calibration of laparoscopic cameras is essential for enabling many surgical visualization and navigation technologies such as the ultrasound-augmented visualization system that we have developed for laparoscopic surgery. In addition to accuracy and robustness, there is a practical need for a fast and easy camera calibration method that can be performed on demand in the operating room (OR). Conventional camera calibration methods are not suitable for the OR use because they are lengthy and tedious. They require acquisition of multiple images of a target pattern in its entirety to produce satisfactory result. In this work, we evaluated the performance of a single-image camera calibration tool (rdCalib; Percieve3D, Coimbra, Portugal) featuring automatic detection of corner points in the image, whether partial or complete, of a custom target pattern. Intrinsic camera parameters of a 5-mm and a 10-mm standard Stryker® laparoscopes obtained using rdCalib and the well-accepted OpenCV camera calibration method were compared. Target registration error (TRE) as a measure of camera calibration accuracy for our optical tracking-based AR system was also compared between the two calibration methods. Based on our experiments, the single-image camera calibration yields consistent and accurate results (mean TRE = 1.18 ± 0.35 mm for the 5-mm scope and mean TRE = 1.13 ± 0.32 mm for the 10-mm scope), which are comparable to the results obtained using the OpenCV method with 30 images. The new single-image camera calibration method is promising to be applied to our augmented reality visualization system for laparoscopic surgery.

  13. I-gel as an alternative to endotracheal tube in adult laparoscopic surgeries: A comparative study

    PubMed Central

    Badheka, Jigisha Prahladrai; Jadliwala, Rashida Mohammedi; Chhaya, Vrajeshchandra Amrishbhi; Parmar, Vandana Surendrabhai; Vasani, Amit; Rajyaguru, Ajay Maganlal

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The tracheal tube is always considered to be the gold standard for laparoscopic surgeries. As conventional laryngoscopy guided endotracheal intubation evokes significant hypertension and tachycardia, we have used I-gel, second generation extraglottic airway device, in an attempt to overcome these drawbacks. We conducted this study to compare haemodynamic changes during insertion, efficacy of ventilation, and complications with the use of I-gel when compared with endotracheal tube (ETT) in laparoscopic surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status I and II adult patients undergoing elective laparoscopic surgeries were randomly allocated to one of the two groups of 30 patients each: Group-A (I-gel) in which patients airway was secured with appropriate sized I-gel, and Group-B (ETT) in which patients airway was secured with laryngoscopy - guided endotracheal intubation. Ease, attempts and time for insertion of airway device, haemodynamic and ventilatory parameters at different time intervals, and attempts for gastric tube insertion, and perioperative complications were recorded. RESULTS: There was significant rise in pulse rate and mean blood pressure during insertion with use of ETT when compared to I-gel. Furthermore, time required for I-gel insertion was significantly less when compared with ETT. However ease and attempts for airway device insertion, attempts for gastric tube insertion and efficacy of ventilation were comparable between two groups. CONCLUSION: We concluded that I-gel requires less time for insertion with minimal haemodynamic changes when compared to ETT. I-gel also provides adequate positive-pressure ventilation, comparable with ETT. Hence I-gel can be a safe and suitable alternative to ETT for laparoscopic surgeries. PMID:26622115

  14. Incidental paraduodenal hernia found during laparoscopic colectomy.

    PubMed

    Brunner, W C; Sierra, R; Dunne, J B; Simmang, C L; Scott, D J

    2004-08-01

    This paper describes a rare right paraduodenal hernia discovered during an elective laparoscopic colon resection. Our patient was a 60-year-old Asian man with a history of multiple bouts of diverticulitis and a lifelong history of mild constipation and postprandial abdominal pain. Prior CT scans and preoperative barium enema confirmed the diagnosis of diverticular disease, and no other abnormalities were appreciated. At laparoscopic exploration, a right paraduodenal hernia was found with complete herniation of the small intestine under the ascending colon and hepatic flexure. The unclear anatomy prompted conversion to an open laparotomy. This allowed safe reduction of the hernia and sac excision. Adhesions were lysed to relieve a partial duodenal obstruction, and a Ladd's procedure was performed to correct the incomplete rotation. Additionally, a sigmoid colectomy was performed. After prolonged ileus, the patient was discharged on postoperative day 14. At 6-month follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic and doing well. PMID:14986175

  15. Successful laparoscopic transabdominal cerclage in uterus didelphys.

    PubMed

    Ades, Alex; Hong, Phoebe

    2015-01-01

    The incidence of uterus didelphys is around 3/10?000 women. It is a class III Mllerian duct anomaly resulting from a complete non-fusion of the paired Mllerian ducts between the 12th and 16th weeks of gestation. Although the prevalence of cervical insufficiency in women with uterus didelphys is unknown, the incidence of cervical insufficiency in women with Mllerian anomalies has been reported as high as 30%. We present a case of successful pregnancy outcome following a laparoscopic transabdominal cerclage in a woman with uterus didelphys and cervical insufficiency. The case demonstrates that laparoscopic transabdominal cerclage can be performed successfully in women with uterus didelphys and a satisfactory obstetric outcome can be achieved. PMID:26578507

  16. Presumptive delayed gas embolism after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Capuzzo, M; Buccoliero, C; Verri, M; Gritti, G; Alvisi, R

    2000-01-01

    A 50-year-old woman, with a history of arterial hypertension treated with beta-blocker and Ca-antagonist, presented cardiac arrest 6 hours after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. During surgical intervention, arterial hypotension without any respiratory change was observed. Dyspnea, asthenia and anxiety were the clinical signs appearing approximately 2 hours before cardiac arrest. After resuscitation, myocardial infarction, dissecting thoracic aortic aneurysm and major pulmonary thromboembolism were excluded. The signs of increased resistance to the right ventricular outflow and the relevant alteration of coagulation tests, lasting only a few hours, suggested venous gas embolism. Subsequently, the patient presented a cortical blindness, persisting at hospital discharge. The anesthetists should be aware about the complication that we observed after laparoscopic surgery. The least sign of cardiorespiratory instability appearing in the postoperative period must be taken into account and signal the need for increased monitoring. PMID:10736984

  17. Laparoscopic fascial suture repair of parastomal hernia

    PubMed Central

    Zia, Khawaja; McGowan, David Ross; Moore, Etienne

    2013-01-01

    Parastomal hernia is a recognised complication following stoma formation, representing a challenging problem to surgeons. At least three approaches for parastomal hernia repair have been described: fascial suture repair, relocation of stoma and local repair with use of mesh. In simple fascial suture repair only open techniques have been described. Relocation of stoma can be complicated with another parastomal hernia at the new site and risk of incisional hernia at the site of previous stoma. Mesh repair can be either open or laparoscopic. The recurrence rate and complications of parastomal hernia repair remain very high. We have invented a simple fascial suture laparoscopic repair of parastomal hernia with the use of the Crochet hook needle (EndoClose). This new technique may result in reduced pain, earlier discharge from hospital and reduced risk of infection as there is no mesh used as well as reduced risk of seroma formation. PMID:23780775

  18. Laparoscopic resection of symptomatic gastric diverticula.

    PubMed

    Zelisko, Andrea; Rodriguez, John; El-Hayek, Kevin; Kroh, Matthew

    2014-01-01

    Gastric diverticula are rare and usually asymptomatic. This report, however, describes two examples of symptomatic gastric diverticula successfully treated by laparoscopic resection. Both patients were male and in their sixth decade of life. One patient was relatively healthy with no past medical history, whereas the other patient had chronic pain issues and at presentation was also undergoing evaluation for hyperaldosteronism. The patients presented with gastrointestinal symptoms, including nausea, emesis, abdominal pain, and change in bowel function. In both cases, a gastric diverticulum was identified by CT scan, and precise anatomic position was determined by upper endoscopy. After discussion with the treating teams, including a gastroenterologist and surgeon, surgical treatment and resection was elected. Successful laparoscopic removal was accomplished in both patients, and they were discharged home after tolerating liquid diets. Both patients reported resolution of their abdominal symptoms at follow-up. PMID:24680154

  19. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for traumatic gallbladder perforation

    PubMed Central

    Hamilton, C; Carmichael, SP; Bernard, AC

    2012-01-01

    In trauma, laparoscopic surgery is commonly utilized as a diagnostic rather than therapeutic measure (1). Its use is often negated because of exigency or limitations in visibility due to haemorrhage. In the present case, a 35-year-old male was involved in a motor vehicle collision and arrived haemodynamically stable with abdominal pain. Abdominal CT revealed liver laceration and active contrast extravasation near the gallbladder fossa. Although angiography with embolization would normally be used, exploratory laparoscopy was performed because of concern for gallbladder injury. The gallbladder was found to be perforated and nearly completely avulsed from the fossa. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed and the patient recovered uneventfully. Gallbladder perforation after trauma is typically an incidental finding during operation for haemorrhagic shock or other indication. Early diagnosis and swift surgical intervention are required, usually via laparotomy. However, when diagnosed preoperatively in the stable trauma victim, gallbladder perforation can be treated successfully with laparoscopy. PMID:24960682

  20. Laparoscopic Management of a Complex Adrenal Cyst

    PubMed Central

    Kodama, Koichi; Takase, Yasukazu; Niikura, Susumu; Shimizu, Akiko; Tatsu, Hiroki; Saito, Katsuhiko

    2015-01-01

    Adrenal cysts are rare, and their clinical management remains controversial. We report a case involving an adrenal cyst with a complicated appearance on radiological studies. Unenhanced computed tomography revealed a unilocular, noncalcified, hypoattenuating mass with a thin wall in the left adrenal gland. The lesion gradually increased in size from 10 to 50?mm at two-year follow-up. On contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, a mural nodule with contrast enhancement was observed. The entire adrenal gland was excised en bloc via a lateral transperitoneal laparoscopic approach without violating the principles of surgical oncology. The pathological diagnosis was an adrenal pseudocyst. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe option for the treatment of complex adrenal cysts, while maintaining the benefits of minimal invasiveness. PMID:26634170

  1. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy using 2-mm instruments.

    PubMed

    Uranüs, S; Peng, Z; Kronberger, L; Pfeifer, J; Salehi, B

    1998-10-01

    Today, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the method of choice for treatment of symptomatic gallbladder disorders. It minimizes effects of the operation that are independent of the gallbladder, such as trauma to the abdominal wall and other soft tissue. The surgical wounds were even smaller when 2-mm trocars were used. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy using 2-mm instruments was performed in a consecutive series of 14 patients with symptomatic gallstones. The procedure was completed in 12 cases, with conversion to open surgery in two cases. Intraoperative cholangiography was always performed. The postoperative course was always uneventful. The cosmetic effect was highly satisfactory. The procedure using 2-mm instruments could be indicated in selected patients with uncomplicated gallstone disease. PMID:9820716

  2. Cooperative laparoscopic endoscopic and hybrid laparoscopic surgery for upper gastrointestinal tumors: Current status

    PubMed Central

    Ntourakis, Dimitrios; Mavrogenis, Georgios

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the cooperative laparoscopic and endoscopic techniques used for the resection of upper gastrointestinal tumors. METHODS: A systematic research of the literature was performed in PubMed for English and French language articles about laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative, combined, hybrid and rendezvous techniques. Only original studies using these techniques for the resection of early gastric cancer, benign tumors and gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the stomach and the duodenum were included. By excluding case series of less than 10 patients, 25 studies were identified. The study design, number of cases, tumor pathology size and location, the operative technique name, the endoscopy team and surgical team role, operative time, type of closure of visceral wall defect, blood loss, complications and length of hospital stay of these studies were evaluated. Additionally all cooperative techniques found were classified and are presented in a systematic approach. RESULTS: The studies identified were case series and retrospective cohort studies. A total of 706 patients were operated on with a cooperative technique. The tumors resected were only gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) in 4 studies, GIST and various benign submucosal tumors in 22 studies, early gastric cancer (pT1a and pT1b) in 6 studies and early duodenal cancer in 1 study. There was important heterogeneity between the studies. The operative techniques identified were: laparoscopic assisted endoscopic resection, endoscopic assisted wedge resection, endoscopic assisted transgastric and intragastric surgery, laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS), laparoscopic assisted endoscopic full thickness resection (LAEFR), clean non exposure technique and non-exposed endoscopic wall-inversion surgery (NEWS). Each technique is illustrated with the roles of the endoscopic and laparoscopic teams; the indications, characteristics and short term results are described. CONCLUSION: Along with the traditional cooperative techniques, new procedures like LECS, LAEFR and NEWS hold great promise for the future of minimally invasive oncologic procedures. PMID:26604655

  3. Advances in Laparoscopic Skills Training and Management.

    PubMed

    Fransson, Boel A

    2016-01-01

    Veterinarians interested in adding minimally invasive surgery (MIS) to their surgical repertoire need a distinct set of skills. These MIS skills do not transfer from open surgery; they require specific training. Training based solely on practice in live patients becomes limited and inconsistent. In addition, ethical and cost issues arise when advanced procedures are practiced in live patients. This article discusses the Veterinary Applied Laparoscopic Training program, which provides simulation-based training for MIS. PMID:26396055

  4. Laparoscopic approach to intrapelvic nerve entrapments

    PubMed Central

    Lemos, Nucelio; Possover, Marc

    2015-01-01

    It is long known that a large portion of the lumbosacral plexus is located intra-abdominally, in the retroperitoneal space. However, most of literature descriptions of lesions on this plexus refer to its extra-abdominal parts whereas its intra-abdominal portions are often neglected. The objective of this review article is to describe the laparoscopic anatomy of intrapelvic nerve bundles, as well as the findings and advances already achieved by Neuropelveology practitioners. PMID:27011825

  5. Laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy: Our initial results

    PubMed Central

    zgr, Faruk; Binbay, Murat; Akbulut, Mehmet Fatih; ?imsek, Abdlmuttalip; ?ahan, Murat; Berbero?lu, Ahmet Yal?n; Sar?lar, mer; Mslmano?lu, Ahmet Yaser

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To present the first 24 laparoscopic adrenalectomies performed in our clinic because of an adrenal mass. Material and methods: The medical files of 24 patients who underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy between December 2008 and March 2013 at Haseki Teaching and Research Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The demographic characteristics of the patients were recorded. Lateral transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed in all patients. The operation time was defined as the interval between the first incision of the skin and closure of the skin. Intraoperative complications, estimated blood loss and hospital stays of the patients were evaluated. Final pathologies were recorded. Results: The mean age of the patients was 44.28.58 years (range: 2966 years). Nine patients were female and 15 were male. A total of 24 masses were identified in the right (n=11), and left (n=13) adrenal glands masses were identified., Eighteen patients (75%) had no symptoms, and the masses were identified incidentally. The mean operation time was 14446.1 minutes (range: 90320 minutes), and the mean blood loss was 7412.3 mL (range: 50130 mL). None of the patients required a blood transfusion. In one patient, liver injury was identified intraoperatively due to traction. The mean duration of hospitalization was 2.91.1 days (range: 25 days). Adrenocortical adenoma and pheochromocytoma were the most common pathologies. Conclusion: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe and effective method for the treatment of adrenal masses with low complication rates. PMID:26328159

  6. Laparoscopic liver resection: Experience based guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Coelho, Fabricio Ferreira; Kruger, Jaime Arthur Pirola; Fonseca, Gilton Marques; Araújo, Raphael Leonardo Cunha; Jeismann, Vagner Birk; Perini, Marcos Vinícius; Lupinacci, Renato Micelli; Cecconello, Ivan; Herman, Paulo

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has been progressively developed along the past two decades. Despite initial skepticism, improved operative results made laparoscopic approach incorporated to surgical practice and operations increased in frequency and complexity. Evidence supporting LLR comes from case-series, comparative studies and meta-analysis. Despite lack of level 1 evidence, the body of literature is stronger and existing data confirms the safety, feasibility and benefits of laparoscopic approach when compared to open resection. Indications for LLR do not differ from those for open surgery. They include benign and malignant (both primary and metastatic) tumors and living donor liver harvesting. Currently, resection of lesions located on anterolateral segments and left lateral sectionectomy are performed systematically by laparoscopy in hepatobiliary specialized centers. Resection of lesions located on posterosuperior segments (1, 4a, 7, 8) and major liver resections were shown to be feasible but remain technically demanding procedures, which should be reserved to experienced surgeons. Hand-assisted and laparoscopy-assisted procedures appeared to increase the indications of minimally invasive liver surgery and are useful strategies applied to difficult and major resections. LLR proved to be safe for malignant lesions and offers some short-term advantages over open resection. Oncological results including resection margin status and long-term survival were not inferior to open resection. At present, surgical community expects high quality studies to base the already perceived better outcomes achieved by laparoscopy in major centers’ practice. Continuous surgical training, as well as new technologies should augment the application of laparoscopic liver surgery. Future applicability of new technologies such as robot assistance and image-guided surgery is still under investigation. PMID:26843910

  7. Laparoscopic Subtotal Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Goldes, Yuri; Bar Zakai, Barak; Shabtai, Moshe; Ayalon, Amram; Zmora, Oded

    2009-01-01

    Background: The use of laparoscopy in the treatment of gastric malignancy is still controversial. However, several reports suggest that the laparoscopic approach may be safe and applicable. The aim of this study was to review our experience with laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric malignant tumors amenable to subtotal gastrectomy, and assess the oncologic outcome. Methods: The laparoscopic approach to subtotal gastrectomy was selected according to both the surgeon's and patient's preference. Data regarding demographics, operative procedures, postoperative course, and follow-up were prospectively collected in a computerized database. Survival data were obtained from the national census. Results: Twenty patients were operated on, 18 for gastric adenocarcinoma, one for gastric lymphoma, and one for gastrointestinal stromal tumor. There were 10 males and 10 females, mean age of 67. D1 subtotal gastrectomy with Billroth-2 reconstruction was performed. Mean operative time was 335 minutes. Tumor-free margins were obtained in all cases, and a mean of 15 lymph nodes were retrieved. Median postoperative hospital stay was 12 days. Postoperative complications included leak from the duodenal stump (2), intraabdominal abscess (2), anastomotic leak (1), wound infection (1), and bowel obstruction (1); reoperation was required in 4 patients. No perioperative mortality occurred in our series. Pathology showed nodal involvement in 8 patients. During a mean follow-up of 39 months, 4 patients expired from recurrent and metastatic disease; all had positive lymph nodes. The Kaplan-Meier calculated 5-year survival was 79%. Conclusion: Although a challenging and lengthy procedure, laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy yields acceptable surgical and oncologic results that may further improve with increased surgeon experience. Thus, the application of laparoscopy in the surgical treatment of distal gastric malignancy may be considered; however, further data are needed before this approach can be recommended. PMID:19793469

  8. Laparoscopic liver resection: Experience based guidelines.

    PubMed

    Coelho, Fabricio Ferreira; Kruger, Jaime Arthur Pirola; Fonseca, Gilton Marques; Araújo, Raphael Leonardo Cunha; Jeismann, Vagner Birk; Perini, Marcos Vinícius; Lupinacci, Renato Micelli; Cecconello, Ivan; Herman, Paulo

    2016-01-27

    Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has been progressively developed along the past two decades. Despite initial skepticism, improved operative results made laparoscopic approach incorporated to surgical practice and operations increased in frequency and complexity. Evidence supporting LLR comes from case-series, comparative studies and meta-analysis. Despite lack of level 1 evidence, the body of literature is stronger and existing data confirms the safety, feasibility and benefits of laparoscopic approach when compared to open resection. Indications for LLR do not differ from those for open surgery. They include benign and malignant (both primary and metastatic) tumors and living donor liver harvesting. Currently, resection of lesions located on anterolateral segments and left lateral sectionectomy are performed systematically by laparoscopy in hepatobiliary specialized centers. Resection of lesions located on posterosuperior segments (1, 4a, 7, 8) and major liver resections were shown to be feasible but remain technically demanding procedures, which should be reserved to experienced surgeons. Hand-assisted and laparoscopy-assisted procedures appeared to increase the indications of minimally invasive liver surgery and are useful strategies applied to difficult and major resections. LLR proved to be safe for malignant lesions and offers some short-term advantages over open resection. Oncological results including resection margin status and long-term survival were not inferior to open resection. At present, surgical community expects high quality studies to base the already perceived better outcomes achieved by laparoscopy in major centers' practice. Continuous surgical training, as well as new technologies should augment the application of laparoscopic liver surgery. Future applicability of new technologies such as robot assistance and image-guided surgery is still under investigation. PMID:26843910

  9. Laparoscopic treatment of giant renal cystic echinococcosis.

    PubMed

    Shahait, Mohammed; Saoud, Ragheed; El Hajj, Albert

    2016-01-01

    Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation caused by the larval form of the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. Isolated renal involvement is quite rare. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment and is classically performed through an open approach with kidney-sparing when feasible. The case of a 33-year-old male patient who underwent laparoscopic unroofing of a giant renal hydatid cyst is described herein. PMID:26643506

  10. Refractory Hypoxemia After Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication.

    PubMed

    Rochlani, Yogita; Vallurupalli, Srikanth; Hakeem, Abdul; Bhatti, Sabha

    2016-03-01

    Postoperative hypoxemia can result from a variety of causes. We describe a case of platypnea-orthodeoxia caused by shunting across a patent foramen ovale in a 72-year-old woman immediately after a laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication procedure. This was diagnosed by echocardiography and treated successfully with percutaneous device closure. An intracardiac shunt should always be considered as a potential cause of refractory postoperative hypoxemia after procedures on the thorax and upper abdomen. PMID:26481081

  11. [Hysterectomies at the Conakry university hospitals: social, demographic, and clinical characteristics, types, indications, surgical approaches, and prognosis].

    PubMed

    Bald, I S; Sy, T; Diallo, B S; Diallo, Y; Mamy, M N; Diallo, M H; Bah, E M; Diallo, T S; Keita, N

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to calculate the frequency of hysterectomies at the Conakry university hospitals (Donka Hospital and Ignace Deen Hospital), describe the women's social, demographic, and clinical characteristics, and identify the key indications, the surgical techniques used, and the prognosis. This was a 2-year descriptive study, retrospective for the first year (May 2011-April 2012) and prospective for the second (May 2012-April 2013), of 333 consecutive hysterectomies performed in the obstetrics and gynecology departments of these two hospitals. Hysterectomy is one of the surgical procedures most commonly performed in these departments (following cesarean deliveries), with frequency of 4.4% interventions. The profile of the women undergoing this surgery was that of a woman aged younger than 49 years (61%), married (75.7%), multiparous (33%), of childbearing age (61%), and with no history of abdominal or pelvic surgery (79.6%). Nearly all hysterectomies were total (95%, compared with 5% subtotal; the approach was abdominal in 82.25% of procedures and vaginal in 17.75%. The most common indication for surgery was uterine fibroids (39.6%), followed by genital prolapse (22.2%), and obstetric emergencies (17.8%). The average duration of surgery was 96 minutes for abdominal and 55 minutes for vaginal hysterectomies. The principal intraoperative complication was hemorrhage (12.31%), and the main postoperative complication parietal suppuration (21.02%). The average length of hospital stay was 10.3 days for abdominal hysterectomies and 7.15 days for vaginal procedures. We recorded 14 deaths for a lethality rate of 4.2%; most of these deaths were associated with hemorrhagic shock during or after an obstetric hysterectomy (93%). Hysterectomy remains a common intervention in developing countries. Its indications are common during the pregnancy and postpartum period, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Improving obstetric coverage could reduce its indications. PMID:24922591

  12. Laparoscopic exploration in pediatric surgery emergencies

    PubMed Central

    Drăghici, L; Popescu, M; Liţescu, M

    2010-01-01

    The laparoscopic approach of pediatric surgery emergencies represents a specific preoccupation in hospitals everywhere in the world. Nowadays, when confronted with this pathology, pediatric surgeons are able to apply certain well–defined therapeutic protocols, depending on the technical equipment at their disposal and their laparoscopic expertise and training. We hereby present some of the surgical pediatric emergencies that have been subjected to minimally invasive celioscopic techniques, in the Department of Pediatric Surgery ‘Maria Sklodowska Curie’ Hospital, from August 1999 to July 2007. Out of 83 exploratory laparoscopies, 12 were performed for emergency pathology, other than acute appendicitis (in its various forms, including peritonitis) or acute cholecystitis. However, during the above–mentioned period, the number of therapeutic laparoscopies for emergencies has grown significantly (239 from a total of 663 laparoscopies), reflecting to a large extent the activity of a clinic with an emergency surgery profile. The authors conclude that exploratory laparoscopies in pediatric surgery emergencies are suited for surgical teams with a solid experience in celioscopy and a certain professional maturity, necessary to correctly appreciate the surgical and anesthetic risks involved by each individual case. It is not recommended that inexperienced laparoscopic surgeons embark on the ‘adventure’ of this minimally invasive approach for this type of pathology. Only when the training and learning process is fully and correctly completed, specialists are offered the advantage of continuing a celioscopic exploration by performing a minimally invasive therapeutic procedure, even for a pediatric emergency case. PMID:20302204

  13. Laparoscopic and robotic surgical training in urology.

    PubMed

    Hoznek, Andrs; Katz, Ran; Gettman, Matthew; Salomon, Laurent; Antiphon, Patrick; de la Taille, Alexandre; Yiou, Ren; Chopin, Dominique; Abbou, Clment-Claude

    2003-04-01

    The most important change in urology during the past decade was the development of minimally invasive surgery, particularly laparoscopy. However, the main drawback of laparoscopy is a steep learning curve, which results from the significant changes in the surgical environment. Although laparoscopy can provide important advantages for the patient, including decreased length of hospitalization, decreased analgesic requirement, and a shortened postoperative convalescence, one concern has been whether laparoscopic techniques should be learned solely in the operating room. For example, sports, music, and aviation are practiced before an actual performance is ever undertaken. In this review, the advantages and limitations of all available training modalities in minimally invasive surgery are described. Testing basic laparoscopic skills on inanimate models, becoming familiar with the principles of dissection and hemostasis on living animals, and studying surgical anatomy on cadavers should be considered as indispensable and complementary elements for laparoscopic training in the future. In addition, telementoring with the help of modern image processing and virtual reality eventually may become the basis of tomorrow's surgical instruction. PMID:12648430

  14. Core value of laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xin-Xiang; Wang, Ren-Jie

    2015-01-01

    Since laparoscopy was first used in cholecystectomy in 1987, it has developed quickly and has been used in most fields of traditional surgery. People have now accepted its advantages like small incision, quick recovery, light pain, beauty and short hospital stays. In early times, there are still controversies about the application of laparoscopy in malignant tumor treatments, especially about the problems of oncology efficacy, incision implantation and operation security. However, these concerns have been fully eliminated by evidences on the basis of evidence-basis medicine. In recent years, new minimally invasive technologies are appearing continually, but they still have challenges and may increase the difficulties of radical dissection and the risks of potential complications, so they are confined to benign or early malignant tumors. The core value of the laparoscopic technique is to ensure the high quality of tumor’s radical resection and less complications. On the basis of this, it is allowed to pursue more minimally invasive techniques. Since the development of laparoscopic colorectal surgery is rapid and unceasing, we have reasons to believe that laparoscopic surgery will become gold standard for colorectal surgery in the near future. PMID:26676111

  15. Laparoscopic jejunostomy for obstructing upper gastrointestinal malignancies

    PubMed Central

    TSUJIMOTO, HIRONORI; HIRAKI, SHUICHI; TAKAHATA, RISA; NOMURA, SHINSUKE; ITO, NOZOMI; KANEMATSU, KYOHEI; HORIGUCHI, HIROYUKI; AOSASA, SUEFUMI; YAMAMOTO, JUNJI; HASE, KAZUO

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe a minimally invasive laparoscopic jejunostomy (Lap-J) technique for obstruction due to upper gastrointestinal malignancies and evaluate the nutritional benefit of Lap-J during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in cases with obstructing esophageal cancer. Under general anesthesia, the jejunum 20–30 cm distant from the Treitz ligament was pulled out through an extended umbilical laparoscopic incision and a jejunal tube was inserted to 30 cm. The loop of bowel was gently returned to the abdomen and the feeding tube was drawn through the abdominal wall via the left lower incision. The jejunum was then laparoscopically sutured to the anterior abdominal wall. Lap-J was performed in 26 cases. The median operative time was 82 min. The postoperative course was uneventful. Lap-J prior to NAC was not associated with a decrease in body weight or serum total protein during NAC, compared with patients who received NAC without Lap-J. This minimally invasive jejunostomy technique may be particularly useful in patients in whom endoscopic therapy is not feasible due to obstruction from upper gastrointestinal malignancies. PMID:26807238

  16. Core value of laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

    PubMed

    Li, Xin-Xiang; Wang, Ren-Jie

    2015-12-10

    Since laparoscopy was first used in cholecystectomy in 1987, it has developed quickly and has been used in most fields of traditional surgery. People have now accepted its advantages like small incision, quick recovery, light pain, beauty and short hospital stays. In early times, there are still controversies about the application of laparoscopy in malignant tumor treatments, especially about the problems of oncology efficacy, incision implantation and operation security. However, these concerns have been fully eliminated by evidences on the basis of evidence-basis medicine. In recent years, new minimally invasive technologies are appearing continually, but they still have challenges and may increase the difficulties of radical dissection and the risks of potential complications, so they are confined to benign or early malignant tumors. The core value of the laparoscopic technique is to ensure the high quality of tumor's radical resection and less complications. On the basis of this, it is allowed to pursue more minimally invasive techniques. Since the development of laparoscopic colorectal surgery is rapid and unceasing, we have reasons to believe that laparoscopic surgery will become gold standard for colorectal surgery in the near future. PMID:26676111

  17. Laparoscopic Splenectomy Using LigaSure

    PubMed Central

    Kindy, Nayil Al; Chopra, Pradeep J.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become the standard approach for most splenectomy cases. Bleeding is the main complication and cause for conversion. We present our experience with the LigaSure and discuss its advantage as a vessel sealing system in achieving safe vascular control. Method: Over a 3-year period, we performed 12 consecutive LS using LigaSure at a single center. A literature review of all the patients who had undergone laparoscopic splenectomy with of the LigaSure to achieve vascular control at the hilum was carried out, assessing its advantages and outcome. Results: Twelve LS were performed. Eleven of these patients had ITP, and one patient had sickle cell disease. The mean blood loss was 70mL (range, 50 to 460), and operating time was 126 minutes (range, 110 to 240). Two postoperative complications occurred: portal vein thrombosis in one case and subphrenic collection in the other. The literature review revealed 8 studies with 231 cases in which the LigaSure was used to perform laparoscopic splenectomy. A significant reduction in operating time (average 102 minutes) and intraabdominal blood loss (66mL) was observed with the LigaSure compared with endostaplers. Conclusion: The use of LigaSure and the semilateral position results in a gain of time and safety in addition to low intraoperative bleeding, need for transfusion, minimal complications and a low conversion rate. PMID:21605520

  18. Consequences of spilt gallstones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Virupaksha, Suvi

    2014-04-01

    To document the incidence of spilt gallstones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the cause and consequences of such spillage. The study included 150 consecutive laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed between October 2007 and November 2008. Data was collected in a prospective manner in accordance to proforma. Follow up were performed at the end of 1week, 1month, 6months and 1year. The spillage of gall stones during surgery occurred in 19.04% of the cases. Majority of the spillage occurred due to perforation of the gall bladder during dissection, followed by application of toothed grasper. Although all visible spilt stones were retrieved during surgery, complication rate of 0.66% was observed. The incidence and complications secondary to the spillage of gall stones during standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy is low but avoidable. Various complications can occur, over a large period of time. Thus it is advisable to retrieve as many gallstones as possible short of converting to a laparotomy Dasari and Loan (JSLS 13(1):73-76, 2009), Daradkeh and Suwan (World J Surg 22:75-77, 1998). PMID:24891771

  19. Postoperative Ascites of Unknown Origin following Laparoscopic Appendicectomy: An Unusual Complication of Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Feretis, M.; Boyd-Carson, H.; Karim, A.

    2014-01-01

    Postoperative ascites is a very rare complication of laparoscopic surgery. Significant iatrogenic injuries to the bowel, the urinary tract, and the lymphatic system should be excluded promptly to avoid devastating results for the patient. In some cases, in spite of investigating patients extensively, no definitive causative factor for the accumulation of fluid can be identified. In such cases, idiopathic allergic or inflammatory reaction of the peritoneum may be responsible for the development of ascites. We present a case of ascites of an unknown origin in a young female patient following a laparoscopic appendicectomy. PMID:24822146

  20. Sexuality and Body Image After Uterine Artery Embolization and Hysterectomy in the Treatment of Uterine Fibroids: A Randomized Comparison

    SciTech Connect

    Hehenkamp, Wouter J. K. Volkers, Nicole A.; Bartholomeus, Wouter; Blok, Sjoerd de; Birnie, Erwin; Reekers, Jim A.; Ankum, Willem M.

    2007-09-15

    In this paper the effect of uterine artery embolization (UAE) on sexual functioning and body image is investigated in a randomized comparison to hysterectomy for symptomatic uterine fibroids. The EMbolization versus hysterectoMY (EMMY) trial is a randomized controlled study, conducted at 28 Dutch hospitals. Patients were allocated hysterectomy (n = 89) or UAE (n 88). Two validated questionnaires (the Sexual Activity Questionnaire [SAQ] and the Body Image Scale [BIS]) were completed by all patients at baseline, 6 weeks, and 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after treatment. Repeated measurements on SAQ scores revealed no differences between the groups. There was a trend toward improved sexual function in both groups at 2 years, although this failed to reach statistical significance except for the dimensions discomfort and habit in the UAE arm. Overall quality of sexual life deteriorated in a minority of cases at all time points, with no significant differences between the groups (at 24 months: UAE, 29.3%, versus hysterectomy, 23.5%; p = 0.32). At 24 months the BIS score had improved in both groups compared to baseline, but the change was only significant in the UAE group (p = 0.009). In conclusion, at 24 months no differences in sexuality and body image were observed between the UAE and the hysterectomy group. On average, both after UAE and hysterectomy sexual functioning and body image scores improved, but significantly so only after UAE.

  1. Urethral injury in laparoscopic-assisted abdominoperineal resection

    PubMed Central

    Stitt, Laurel; Flores, Francisco Avila; Dhalla, Sonny S.

    2015-01-01

    We present a 71-year-old man who underwent laparoscopic-assisted abdominoperineal resection for recurrence of rectal cancer, which was complicated by a urethral injury. Traumatic urinary catheter insertion was ruled out as an alternative etiology. This case highlights the importance of recognizing urethral injury as a possible complication of laparoscopic-assisted abdominoperineal resection surgery.

  2. Retained faecolith: an avoidable complication of laparoscopic appendicectomy

    PubMed Central

    Knight, Olivia; Brar, Ranjeet; Clark, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    A 26-year-old woman presented to the accident and emergency department 9 days post laparoscopic appendicectomy for a non-perforated, but gangrenous appendicitis. She was found to have a retained faecolith with a pelvic abscess. This case demonstrates one of the common pitfalls of the laparoscopic appendicectomy and we discuss some technical points to avoid such complications. PMID:24042211

  3. Laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery: Where do we stand?

    PubMed Central

    Krane, Mukta K; Fichera, Alessandro

    2012-01-01

    Large comparative studies and multiple prospective randomized control trials (RCTs) have reported equivalence in short and long-term outcomes between the open and laparoscopic approaches for the surgical treatment of colon cancer which has heralded widespread acceptance for laparoscopic resection of colon cancer. In contrast, laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) for the treatment of rectal cancer has been welcomed with significantly less enthusiasm. While it is likely that patients with rectal cancer will experience the same benefits of early recovery and decreased postoperative pain from the laparoscopic approach, whether the same oncologic clearance, specifically an adequate TME can be obtained is of concern. The aim of the current study is to review the current level of evidence in the literature on laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery with regard to short-term and long-term oncologic outcomes. The data from 8 RCTs, 3 meta-analyses, and 2 Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was reviewed. Current data suggests that laparoscopic rectal cancer resection may benefit patients with reduced blood loss, earlier return of bowel function, and shorter hospital length of stay. Concerns that laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery compromises short-term oncologic outcomes including number of lymph nodes retrieved and circumferential resection margin and jeopardizes long-term oncologic outcomes has not conclusively been refuted by the available literature. Laparoscopic rectal cancer resection is feasible but whether or not it compromises short-term or long-term results still needs to be further studied. PMID:23239912

  4. Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy with a circumaortic left renal vein.

    PubMed

    Kundavaram, Chandan; Gomella, Patrick T; Healy, Kelly A; Klinge, Matthew; Hubosky, Scott

    2012-12-01

    Renal vasculature anomalies can present technical challenges to laparoscopic urologic surgery. The use of preoperative imaging has made it possible to recognize and plan for such aberrant vascular anatomy. We describe a patient with a circumaortic left renal vein who underwent successful laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy for the management of urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis. PMID:23228298

  5. Effect of laparoscopic abdominal surgery on splanchnic circulation: Historical developments

    PubMed Central

    Hatipoglu, Sinan; Akbulut, Sami; Hatipoglu, Filiz; Abdullayev, Ruslan

    2014-01-01

    With the developments in medical technology and increased surgical experience, advanced laparoscopic surgical procedures are performed successfully. Laparoscopic abdominal surgery is one of the best examples of advanced laparoscopic surgery (LS). Today, laparoscopic abdominal surgery in general surgery clinics is the basis of all abdominal surgical interventions. Laparoscopic abdominal surgery is associated with systemic and splanchnic hemodynamic alterations. Inadequate splanchnic perfusion in critically ill patients is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are still not well understood. With experience and with an increase in the number and diversity of the resulting data, the pathophysiology of laparoscopic abdominal surgery is now better understood. The normal physiology and pathophysiology of local and systemic effects of laparoscopic abdominal surgery is extremely important for safe and effective LS. Future research projects should focus on the interplay between the physiological regulatory mechanisms in the splanchnic circulation (SC), organs, and diseases. In this review, we discuss the effects of laparoscopic abdominal surgery on the SC. PMID:25561784

  6. Robotic laparoscopic surgery: cost and training.

    PubMed

    Amodeo, A; Linares Quevedo, A; Joseph, J V; Belgrano, E; Patel, H R H

    2009-06-01

    The advantages of minimally invasive surgery are well accepted. Shorter hospital stays, decreased postoperative pain, rapid return to preoperative activity, decreased postoperative ileus, and preserved immune function are among the benefits of the laparoscopic approach. However, the instruments of laparoscopy afford surgeons limited precision and poor ergonomics, and their use is associated with a significant learning curve and the amount of time and energy necessary to develop and maintain such advanced laparoscopic skills is not insignificant. The robotic surgery allows all laparoscopists to perform advanced laparoscopic procedures with greater ease. The potential advantages of surgical robotic systems include making advanced laparoscopic surgical procedures accessible to surgeons who do not have advanced video endoscopic training and broadening the scope of surgical procedures that can be performed using the laparoscopic method. The wristed instruments, x10 magnifications, tremor filtering, scaling of movements and three-dimensional view allow the urologist to perform the intricate dissection and anastomosis with high precision. The robot is not, however, without significant disadvantages as compared with traditional laparoscopy. These include greater expense and consumption of operating room resources such as space and the availability of skilled technical staff, complete elimination of tactile feedback, and more limited options for trocar placement. The current cost of the da Vinci system is $ 1.2 million and annual maintenance is $ 138000. Many studies suggest that depreciation and maintenance costs can be minimised if the number of robotic cases is increased. The high cost of purchasing and maintaining the instruments of the robotic system is one of its many disadvantages. The availability of the robotic systems to only a limited number of centres reduces surgical training opportunities. Hospital administrators and surgeons must define the reasons for developing a robotic surgical program: it is very important to show that robotics will add a dimension that will benefit the hospital, the patient care and institutional recognition. Another essential task to overcome is the important education of the operating room nursing staff, a significant difference between this modality and traditional surgery. Without operating room environment support, most surgeons will revert to traditional methods even after a few successful robotics cases. As the field of robotic surgery continues to grow, graduate medical education and continuing medical education programs that address the surgical robotic learning needs of residents and practicing surgeons need to be developed. PMID:19451894

  7. Laparoscopic vs mini-incision open appendectomy

    PubMed Central

    ifti, Fatih

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To compare laparoscopic vs mini-incision open appendectomy in light of recent data at our centre. METHODS: The data of patients who underwent appendectomy between January 2011 and June 2013 were collected. The data included patients demographic data, procedure time, length of hospital stay, the need for pain medicine, postoperative visual analog scale of pain, and morbidities. Pregnant women and patients with previous lower abdominal surgery were excluded. Patients with surgery converted from laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) to mini-incision open appendectomy (MOA) were excluded. Patients were divided into two groups: LA and MOA done by the same surgeon. The patients were randomized into MOA and LA groups a computer-generated number. The diagnosis of acute appendicitis was made by the surgeon with physical examination, laboratory values, and radiological tests (abdominal ultrasound or computed tomography). All operations were performed with general anaesthesia. The postoperative vision analog scale score was recorded at postoperative hours 1, 6, 12, and 24. Patients were discharged when they tolerated normal food and passed gas and were followed up every week for three weeks as outpatients. RESULTS: Of the 243 patients, 121 (49.9%) underwent MOA, while 122 (50.1%) had laparoscopic appendectomy. There were no significant differences in operation time between the two groups (P = 0.844), whereas the visual analog scale of pain was significantly higher in the open appendectomy group at the 1st hour (P = 0.001), 6th hour (P = 0.001), and 12th hour (P = 0.027). The need for analgesic medication was significantly higher in the MOA group (P = 0.001). There were no differences between the two groups in terms of morbidity rate (P = 0.599). The rate of total complications was similar between the two groups (6.5% in LA vs 7.4% in OA, P = 0.599). All wound infections were treated non-surgically. Six out of seven patients with pelvic abscess were successfully treated with percutaneous drainage; one patient required surgical drainage after a failed percutaneous drainage. There were no differences in the period of hospital stay, operation time, and postoperative complication rate between the two groups. Laparoscopic appendectomy decreases the need for analgesic medications and the visual analog scale of pain. CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic appendectomy should be considered as a standard treatment for acute appendicitis. Mini-incision appendectomy is an alternative for a select group of patients. PMID:26525039

  8. A Laparoscopic Knot-Tying Device for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Jernigan, Shaphan; Chanoit, Guillaume; Veeramani, Arun; Owen, S. Brian; Hilliard, Matthew; Cormier, Denis; Laffitte, Bryan; Buckner, Gregory

    2009-01-01

    Objectives Intracorporeal suturing and knot tying can complicate, prolong or preclude minimally invasive surgical procedures, reducing their advantages over conventional approaches. An automated knot-tying device has been developed to speed suture fixation during minimally invasive cardiac surgery while retaining the desirable characteristics of conventional hand-tied surgeon's knots: holding strength and visual and haptic feedback. A rotating slotted disk (at the instrument's distal end) automates overhand throws, thereby eliminating the need to manually pass one suture end through a loop in the opposing end. Electronic actuation of this disk produces left or right overhand knots as desired by the operator. Methods To evaluate the effectiveness of this technology, 7 surgeons with varying laparoscopic experience tied knots within a simulated minimally invasive setting, using both the automated knot-tying tool and conventional laparoscopic tools. Suture types were 2-0 braided and 4-0 monofilament. Results Mean knot-tying times were 246 ±116 seconds and 102 ±46 seconds for conventional and automated methods, respectively, showing an average 56% reduction in time per surgeon (p=0.003, paired t-test). The peak holding strength of each knot (the force required to break the suture or loosen the knot) was measured using tensile testing equipment. These peak holding strengths were normalized by the ultimate tensile strength of each suture type (57.5 N and 22.1 N for 2-0 braided and 4-0 monofilament, respectively). Mean normalized holding strengths for all knots were 68.2% and 71.8% of ultimate tensile strength for conventional and automated methods, respectively (p= 0.914, paired t-test). Conclusions Experimental data reveal that the automated suturing device has great potential for advancing minimally invasive surgery: it significantly reduced knot-tying times while providing equivalent or greater holding strength than conventionally tied knots. PMID:19854658

  9. Simulation System for Training in Laparoscopic Surgery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Basdogan, Cagatay; Ho, Chih-Hao

    2003-01-01

    A computer-based simulation system creates a visual and haptic virtual environment for training a medical practitioner in laparoscopic surgery. Heretofore, it has been common practice to perform training in partial laparoscopic surgical procedures by use of a laparoscopic training box that encloses a pair of laparoscopic tools, objects to be manipulated by the tools, and an endoscopic video camera. However, the surgical procedures simulated by use of a training box are usually poor imitations of the actual ones. The present computer-based system improves training by presenting a more realistic simulated environment to the trainee. The system includes a computer monitor that displays a real-time image of the affected interior region of the patient, showing laparoscopic instruments interacting with organs and tissues, as would be viewed by use of an endoscopic video camera and displayed to a surgeon during a laparoscopic operation. The system also includes laparoscopic tools that the trainee manipulates while observing the image on the computer monitor (see figure). The instrumentation on the tools consists of (1) position and orientation sensors that provide input data for the simulation and (2) actuators that provide force feedback to simulate the contact forces between the tools and tissues. The simulation software includes components that model the geometries of surgical tools, components that model the geometries and physical behaviors of soft tissues, and components that detect collisions between them. Using the measured positions and orientations of the tools, the software detects whether they are in contact with tissues. In the event of contact, the deformations of the tissues and contact forces are computed by use of the geometric and physical models. The image on the computer screen shows tissues deformed accordingly, while the actuators apply the corresponding forces to the distal ends of the tools. For the purpose of demonstration, the system has been set up to simulate the insertion of a flexible catheter in a bile duct. [As thus configured, the system can also be used to simulate other endoscopic procedures (e.g., bronchoscopy and colonoscopy) that include the insertion of flexible tubes into flexible ducts.] A hybrid approach has been followed in developing the software for real-time simulation of the visual and haptic interactions (1) between forceps and the catheter, (2) between the forceps and the duct, and (3) between the catheter and the duct. The deformations of the duct are simulated by finite-element and modalanalysis procedures, using only the most significant vibration modes of the duct for computing deformations and interaction forces. The catheter is modeled as a set of virtual particles uniformly distributed along the center line of the catheter and connected to each other via linear and torsional springs and damping elements. The interactions between the forceps and the duct as well as the catheter are simulated by use of a ray-based haptic-interaction- simulating technique in which the forceps are modeled as connected line segments.

  10. Laparotomy vs minimally invasive laparoscopic ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for hydrocephalus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Phan, Steven; Liao, Jace; Jia, Fangzhi; Maharaj, Monish; Reddy, Rajesh; Mobbs, Ralph J; Rao, Prashanth J; Phan, Kevin

    2016-01-01

    Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) surgery is the most commonly used method for the treatment of hydrocephalus. Traditionally, distal catheters in the VPS surgery have been placed either through a standard small open laparotomy or via a laparoscopic technique. Although there are many studies demonstrating the benefits of a minimally invasive approach, limited research has directly compared the two techniques used in VPS surgery. The present meta-analysis aims to provide the first comprehensive review of all published observational studies and randomized controlled trials reporting outcomes of laparotomy and laparoscopy in VPS. Electronic searches were performed using six databases from their inception to February 2015. Relevant studies comparing conventional laparotomy and a laparoscopic video-guided approach in VPS were included. Data were extracted and analyzed according to predefined clinical endpoints. A total of ten studies were identified for inclusion in the present analysis. Results indicated that the laparoscopic technique was associated with a slight but significant reduction in operating time (?10min), a significantly lower rate of abdominal malposition, distal obstruction and distal shunt failure. There was no difference between the laparotomic and laparoscopic approaches in the length of hospital stay, complication rate, proximal shunt failure or infection rate. The present systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrated that the laparoscopic technique in VPS surgery is associated with reduced shunt failure and abdominal malposition compared to the open laparotomy technique, with no significant difference in rates of infection or other complications. The lack of studies with high levels of evidence may contribute to bias in our conclusions and the long-term relative merits require validation by further prospective, randomized studies. PMID:26615465

  11. Portal Vein Thrombosis Following Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for Morbid Obesity

    PubMed Central

    Rosenberg, Jacob M.; Tedesco, Maureen; Yao, Dorcas C.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Portal vein thrombosis has been documented after laparoscopic general surgery and has been uncommonly observed after laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Among bariatric operations, the sleeve gastrectomy is being performed with ever-increasing frequency. Here we report the case of a man who presented with portal vein thrombosis after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Case Description: A 41-y-old man underwent an uneventful laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for the treatment of morbid obesity, and presented on postoperative day 10 with nonfocal abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and leukocytosis. Computed tomography revealed portal vein thrombosis, which was found in the setting of Clostridium difficile colitis. Discussion: Portal vein thrombosis may be identified with increasing frequency as the number of laparoscopic bariatric operations continues to increase. A high index of suspicion is necessary to diagnose this rare, but potentially lethal, complication. PMID:23484577

  12. Full robotic assistance for laparoscopic tubal anastomosis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Falcone, T; Goldberg, J; Garcia-Ruiz, A; Margossian, H; Stevens, L

    1999-02-01

    Optical magnification and long instrumentation significantly increase surgical tremor, which makes laparoscopic microsuturing difficult. Therefore, laparoscopic tubal anastomosis has not gained wide acceptance among gynecologic surgeons. Robotic assistance facilitates this type of procedure by filtering tremor, reducing the surgeon's fatigue, and scaling the maneuvers. The authors have successfully completed a case of laparoscopic tubal reanastomosis using a "master-slave" robot to perform the standard microsuturing technique. A 33-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 2, requested reversal of her previous tubal ligature. A right isthmic-isthmic tubal anastomosis was performed laparoscopically, with faithful adherence to the authors' standard technique applied at laparotomy. Full robotic assistance was used to anastomose the tube. A chromotubation test showed anastomotic patency without leak. The patient recovered uneventfully after surgery and was discharged within 24 h after the procedure. Laparoscopic microsurgical tubal anastomosis with full robotic assistance is feasible and safe in humans. PMID:10194702

  13. Postoperative Delayed Duodenum Perforation following Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Jing, Kong; Shuo-Dong, Wu

    2014-01-01

    Background. Duodenum injury is extremely rare complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with potentially fatal consequences. Methods. Over the past 13-year period, 3000 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed in our institution. Duodenum injury only occurred in one patient recently who had undergone gastrectomy owing to duodenal diverticulum. The diagnosis and management of this rare complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy are described, and the literature is reviewed. Results. We present this case of duodenum injury on the fourth postoperative day after selective laparoscopic cholecystectomy was treated successfully by percutaneous needle aspiration and catheter drainage. The hospital stay was 26 days. No abscess recurred during the follow-up period. Conclusion. Duodenum injuries are extremely rare complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with potentially fatal consequences if not promptly recognized and treated. Sonographically guided percutaneous needle aspiration and catheter drainage can be used to treat the intraperitoneal abscess. Billroth II subtotal gastrectomy and gastrojejunostomy were beneficial for the treatment. PMID:24790609

  14. Postoperative Delayed Duodenum Perforation following Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Jing, Kong; Shuo-Dong, Wu

    2014-01-01

    Background. Duodenum injury is extremely rare complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with potentially fatal consequences. Methods. Over the past 13-year period, 3000 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed in our institution. Duodenum injury only occurred in one patient recently who had undergone gastrectomy owing to duodenal diverticulum. The diagnosis and management of this rare complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy are described, and the literature is reviewed. Results. We present this case of duodenum injury on the fourth postoperative day after selective laparoscopic cholecystectomy was treated successfully by percutaneous needle aspiration and catheter drainage. The hospital stay was 26 days. No abscess recurred during the follow-up period. Conclusion. Duodenum injuries are extremely rare complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with potentially fatal consequences if not promptly recognized and treated. Sonographically guided percutaneous needle aspiration and catheter drainage can be used to treat the intraperitoneal abscess. Billroth II subtotal gastrectomy and gastrojejunostomy were beneficial for the treatment. PMID:24790609

  15. Learning curve in laparoscopic liver surgery: a fellow's perspective.

    PubMed

    Chiow, Adrian Kah Heng; Lee, Ser Yee; Chan, Chung Yip; Tan, Siong San

    2015-12-01

    The learning curve for laparoscopic liver surgery is infrequently addressed in current literature. In this paper, we explored the challenges faced in embarking on laparoscopic liver surgery in a unit that did predominantly open liver surgery. In setting up our laparoscopic liver surgery program, we adopted skills and practices learnt during fellowships at various high volume centers in North America and Australia, with modifications to suit our local patients' disease patterns. We started with simple minor resections in anterolateral segments to build confidence, which allowed us to train the surgical and nursing team before progressing to more difficult resections. Inter institutional collaboration and exchange of skills also enabled the synergistic development of techniques for safe progression to more complex surgeries. Multimedia resources and international guidelines for laparoscopic liver surgery are increasingly accessible, which further guide the practice of this emerging field, as evidence continues to validate the laparoscopic approach in well selected cases. PMID:26734626

  16. Are Concerns Over Right Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy Unwarranted?

    PubMed Central

    Buell, Joseph F.; Edye, Michael; Johnson, Mark; Li, Christine; Koffron, Alan; Cho, Eugene; Kuo, Paul; Johnson, Lynt; Hanaway, Michael; Potter, Steven R.; Bruce, David S.; Cronin, David C.; Newell, Kenneth A.; Leventhal, Joseph; Jacobs, Stephen; Woodle, E. Steve; Bartlett, Stephen T.; Flowers, John L.

    2001-01-01

    Objective To examine the ability of several large, experienced transplantation centers to perform right-sided laparoscopic donor nephrectomy safely with equivalent long-term renal allograft function. Summary Background Data Early reports noted a higher incidence of renal vein thrombosis and eventual graft loss. However, exclusion of right-sided donors would deprive a significant proportion of donors a laparoscopically harvested graft. Methods A retrospective review was performed among 97 patients from seven centers performing right-sided laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Surgical and postoperative demographic factors were evaluated. Complications were identified and long-term renal allograft function was compared with historical left-sided laparoscopic donor nephrectomy cohorts. Results Right laparoscopic donor nephrectomy was performed for varying reasons, including multiple left renal arteries or veins, smaller right kidney, or cystic right renal mass. Mean surgical time was 235.0 66.7 minutes, with a mean blood loss of 139 165.8 mL. Conversion was required in three patients secondary to bleeding or anatomical anomalies. Mean warm ischemic time was limited at 238 112 seconds. Return to diet was achieved on average after 7.5 2.3 hours, with mean discharge at 54.6 22.8 hours. Two grafts were lost during the early experience of these centers to renal vein thrombosis. Both surgical and postoperative complications were limited, with few long-term adverse effects. Mean serum creatinine levels were higher than open and left laparoscopic donor nephrectomy on postoperative day 1, but at all remaining intervals the right laparoscopic donors had equivalent creatinine values. Conclusions These results confirm that right laparoscopic donor nephrectomy provides similar patient benefits, including early return to diet and discharge. Long-term creatinine values were no higher than in traditional open donor or left laparoscopic donor cohorts. These results establish that early concerns about high thrombosis rates are not supported by a multiinstitutional review of laparoscopic right donor nephrectomies. PMID:11323503

  17. Laparoscopic Splenectomy and Azygoportal Disconnection: a Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Jiang, Guo-Qing; Chen, Ping; Qian, Jian-Jun; Jin, Sheng-Jie

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Given the technical difficulty of laparoscopic splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection (LSD), data are limited that compare the laparoscopic to the open procedure. As the technique becomes more widespread, questions regarding its safety, feasibility, and reproducibility must be addressed. This review assesses the current status of LSD. Methods: We conducted our literature review with a search of the PubMed database. All published series of 5 or more laparoscopic splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection procedures were examined. The demographic, intraoperative, and postoperative data analyzed included number of ports, conversion rate, operative duration, estimated intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, and complications. Results: Fifteen articles met the review criteria. Of 412 laparoscopic procedures, traditional laparoscopic splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection (TLSD) was used in 322 patients (78.2%), a modified laparoscopic procedure (MLSD) in 79 (19.2%), and a single-incision laparoscopic procedure (SLSD) in 11 (2.7%). Compared with the traditional and single-incision laparoscopic procedures, the MLSD procedure was associated with shorter operative duration and less blood loss. Furthermore, although the incidence of postoperative portal vein system thrombosis was higher in the laparoscopic than in the open splenectomy with azygoportal disconnection (OSD) procedure, the LSD procedure was associated with less pulmonary infection and pleural effusion and fewer incisional and overall complications than the open procedure. The rate of conversion to an open procedure was 5.4%. Conclusions: LSD is feasible and safe for selected patients when performed by an expert laparoscopic surgeon. It has perioperative advantages over OSD, but studies with longer follow-up periods and larger samples of patients are needed. PMID:26941546

  18. Should we recommend hysterectomy more often to premenopausal and climacteric women?

    PubMed

    Qvigstad, Erik; Langebrekke, Anton

    2011-08-01

    In developed countries, women live on average over 30 years as postmenopausal. In the premenopausal and climacteric period, abnormal uterine bleeding and other symptoms may occur. In addition, endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy, and possible hormone replacement therapy is much more beneficial among women with prior hysterectomy. With this background and the recommended use of minimally invasive surgical techniques, we argue in favor of more liberal hysterectomy practice before and around the menopause. Many will disagree, because for many years we have argued to save the uterus, but considering pros and cons with the patient in focus, we discuss the topic and advertise for studies to support our view. PMID:21615359

  19. Changes in protein C and free protein S during pregnancy and following hysterectomy.

    PubMed Central

    Warwick, R; Hutton, R A; Goff, L; Letsky, E; Heard, M

    1989-01-01

    Two longitudinal studies were undertaken to measure the naturally occurring coagulation inhibitors, protein C and protein S, in females who were either pregnant or who were undergoing hysterectomy. Functional and immunological protein C and free protein S were assayed. During pregnancy, protein C levels remained unchanged except for a small increase in protein C antigen at 28-32 weeks gestation. The free protein S fell significantly and progressively during pregnancy, although only in about one-third of patients did the level fall below the normal range. In the hysterectomy study, a significant fall in protein C occurred on days one and three after surgery but had returned to normal by the time of discharge (days 7-10). A small rise in free protein S was observed at time of discharge, but this factor was otherwise unchanged. We conclude that the changes observed may contribute to the hypercoagulable state which is associated with pregnancy or major surgery. PMID:2530348

  20. Enhanced recovery programme in gynaecology: outcomes of a hysterectomy care pathway

    PubMed Central

    Mukhopadhyay, Debjani

    2015-01-01

    There was a wide variation in the peri-operative management of women undergoing hysterectomy for both benign and malignant disease at Southend University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust prior to 2010. The median length of stay following a hysterectomy and more radical gynaecological oncology surgery was five days and seven days respectively. The NHS East of England Strategic Health Authority commissioned the development of Enhanced Recovery Programme (ERP) in various surgical specialties including gynaecology and the pathway was implemented from 2012 onward. Dedicated specialist nurses collected data prospectively. The median length of stay was shortened to three days. This difference was statistically significant with a P value = 0.0001. We describe the successful implementation of an ERP in Southend Hospital resulting with no difference in measurable morbidity and mortality, a shorter length of stay, and a high patient satisfaction scores and outcomes. PMID:26734443

  1. Higher incidence of hysterectomy and oophorectomy in women suffering from clinical depression: retrospective chart review.

    PubMed

    Mantani, Akio; Yamashita, Hidehisa; Fujikawa, Tokumi; Yamawaki, Shigeto

    2010-02-01

    The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate women who were admitted to Hiroshima University Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, from 1979 to 2008. The women were classified as 'depressed women' (n = 159; mean age, 52.3 +/- 5.7 years) or 'non-depressed women' (n = 182; mean age, 51.5 +/- 4.5 years). A total of 14.5% of the depressed women and 3.3% of the non-depressed women had a hysterectomy and/or oophorectomy; this difference was statistically significant (P = 0.0003). This is consistent with previous reported information as well as clinical experience that depressed women had a higher incidence of hysterectomy and/or oophorectomy. PMID:20416028

  2. Utility of endometrial sampling prior to risk-reducing hysterectomy in a patient with Lynch syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Frey, Melissa K; David-West, Gizelka; Mittal, Khushbakhat R; Muggia, Franco M; Pothuri, Bhavana

    2016-01-01

    Occult endometrial cancer is occasionally discovered in women with Lynch syndrome undergoing risk-reducing hysterectomy. The case presented here demonstrates that preoperative endometrial sampling can help detect these occult cancers; however, there are currently no recommendations for this preoperative intervention. A 50-year-old woman with Lynch syndrome underwent endometrial sampling prior to planned risk-reducing hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The endometrial biopsy demonstrated a serous endometrial cancer. The patient was counselled regarding the diagnosis and revised operative plan, which now included staging, prior to surgery. Although the prevalence of occult endometrial cancer at the time of risk-reducing surgery in women with Lynch syndrome remains unknown, preoperative endometrial sampling may allow for improved patient counselling and surgical planning in this population, and can help avoid a subsequent surgery for staging. PMID:26823682

  3. Safety and Tolerance of Radical Hysterectomy for Cervical Cancer in the Elderly

    PubMed Central

    George, Erin M.; Tergas, Ana I.; Ananth, Cande V.; Burke, William M.; Lewin, Sharyn N.; Prendergast, Eri; Neugut, Alfred I.; Hershman, Dawn L.; Wright, Jason D.

    2014-01-01

    Background Despite institutional studies that suggest that radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer is well tolerated in the elderly, little population-level data is available on the procedure’s outcomes in older women. We performed a population-based analysis to determine the morbidity, mortality, and resource utilization of radical hysterectomy in elderly women with cervical cancer. Methods Patients recorded in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample with invasive cervical cancer who underwent abdominal radical hysterectomy between 1998–2010 were analyzed. Patients were stratified by age: <50, 50–59, 60–69, and ≥70 years. We examined the association between age and the outcomes of interest using chi square tests and multivariable generalized estimating equations. Results A total of 8199 women were identified, including 768 (9.4%) women age 60–69 and 462 (5.6%) women ≥70 years of age. All cause morbidity increased from 22.1% in women <50, to 24.7% in those 50–59 years, 31.4% in patients 60–69 years and 34.9% in women >70 years of age (P<0.0001). Compared to women < 50, those >70 were more likely to have intraoperative complications (4.8% vs. 9.1%, P=0.0003), surgical site complications (10.9% vs. 17.5%, P<0.0001), and medical complications (9.9% vs. 19.5%, P<0.0001). The risk of non-routine discharge (to a nursing facility) was 0.5% in women <50 vs.12.3% in women ≥70 (P<0.0001). Perioperative mortality women ≥70 years of age was 30 times greater than that of women <50 (P<0.0001) Conclusion Perioperative morbidity and mortality are substantially greater in elderly women who undergo radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer. Non-surgical treatments should be considered in these patients. PMID:24768851

  4. Tubal ligation, hysterectomy, unilateral oophorectomy, and risk of ovarian cancer in the Nurses Health Studies

    PubMed Central

    Rice, Megan S; Hankinson, Susan E; Tworoger, Shelley S

    2014-01-01

    Objective To prospectively examine if the association between tubal ligation, hysterectomy, unilateral oophorectomy, and ovarian cancer varied by patient, tumor, and surgical characteristics. Design Two prospective cohort studies (Nurses Health Study and NHSII). Setting Participants were identified from across the US and followed for up to 34 years. Patient(s) A cohort of 121,700 married US female nurses, aged 30 to 55 at baseline and another cohort of 116,430 US female nurses aged 25 to 42 at baseline. Intervention(s) We obtained data on gynecologic surgeries and ovarian cancer incidence through biennial questionnaires. We calculated hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals adjusted for known and suspected ovarian cancer risk factors. Main Outcome Measure(s) Confirmed incident epithelial ovarian cancer. Results Overall, tubal ligation was associated with a decreased risk of ovarian cancer HR: 0.76, 95%CI: 0.640.90). The inverse association was stronger for non-serous tumors (HR: 0.57, 95%CI: 0.400.82) and among women younger than 35 at surgery HR: 0.67, 95%CI: 0.490.90). Hysterectomy was associated with a decreased risk of ovarian cancer (HR: 0.80, 95%CI: 0.660.97) and was somewhat stronger for non-serous tumors (HR: 0.70, 95%CI: 0.491.02). Unilateral oophorectomy was associated with a 30% lower risk (HR: 0.70, 95%CI: 0.530.91), which did not differ by histologic subtype. Conclusions Our study provides further support that tubal ligation reduces the risk of ovarian cancer, particularly for non-serous tumors and when conducted prior to age 35. The inverse association with hysterectomy along with the stronger associations for non-serous tumors supports shared biologic mechanisms for tubal ligation and hysterectomy. PMID:24825424

  5. Laparoscopic Peritoneal Lavage: A Definitive Treatment for Diverticular Peritonitis or a Bridge to Elective Laparoscopic Sigmoidectomy?

    PubMed Central

    Cirocchi, Roberto; Trastulli, Stefano; Vettoretto, Nereo; Milani, Diego; Cavaliere, Davide; Renzi, Claudio; Adamenko, Olga; Desiderio, Jacopo; Burattini, Maria Federica; Parisi, Amilcare; Arezzo, Alberto; Fingerhut, Abe

    2015-01-01

    Abstract To this day, the treatment of generalized peritonitis secondary to diverticular perforation is still controversial. Recently, in patients with acute sigmoid diverticulitis, laparoscopic lavage and drainage has gained a wide interest as an alternative to resection. Based on this backdrop, we decided to perform a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of peritoneal lavage in perforated diverticular disease. A bibliographic search was performed in PubMed for case series and comparative studies published between January 1992 and February 2014 describing laparoscopic peritoneal lavage in patients with perforated diverticulitis. A total of 19 articles consisting of 10 cohort studies, 8 case series, and 1 controlled clinical trial met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. In total these studies analyzed data from 871 patients. The mean follow-up time ranged from 1.5 to 96 months when reported. In 11 studies, the success rate of laparoscopic peritoneal lavage, defined as patients alive without surgical treatment for a recurrent episode of diverticulitis, was 24.3%. In patients with Hinchey stage III diverticulitis, the incidence of laparotomy conversion was 1%, whereas in patients with stage IV it was 45%. The 30-day postoperative mortality rate was 2.9%. The 30-day postoperative reintervention rate was 4.9%, whereas 2% of patients required a percutaneous drainage. Readmission rate after the first hospitalization for recurrent diverticulitis was 6%. Most patients who were readmitted (69%) required redo surgery. A 2-stage laparoscopic intervention was performed in 18.3% of patients. Laparoscopic peritoneal lavage should be considered an effective and safe option for the treatment of patients with sigmoid diverticulitis with Hinchey stage III peritonitis; it can also be consider as a bridge surgical step combined with a delayed and elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy in order to avoid a Hartmann procedure. This minimally invasive staged approach should be considered for patients without systemic toxicity and in centers experienced in minimally invasive surgery techniques. Further evidence is needed, and the ongoing RCTs will better define the role of the laparoscopic peritoneal lavage/drainage in the treatment of patients with complicated diverticulitis. PMID:25569649

  6. Usefulness of vessel-sealing devices for peripartum hysterectomy: a retrospective cohort study.

    PubMed

    Rossetti, Diego; Vitale, Salvatore Giovanni; Bogani, Giorgio; Rapisarda, Agnese Maria Chiara; Gulino, Ferdinando Antonio; Frigerio, Luigi

    2015-09-01

    To evaluate the feasibility to perform peripartum hysterectomy (PH) with the introduction of LigaSure vessels-sealing device (LVSD) and how it influenced the surgical outcomes. We retrospectively evaluated procedures and outcome of women undergoing PH during the period between January 2001 and October 2013. Perioperative surgical results of patients undergoing PH using LVSD were compared to patients undergoing PH without LVSD. Forty-nine subjects had PH during the study period. Twenty (41%) hysterectomies were performed for placenta accreta, 8 (16%) for placenta previa, 21 (43%) for atony. Twenty-three subjects had PH using LVSD and 26 subjects had hysterectomy without the use of this device. We observe significant differences in estimated blood loss (p = 0.001), massive blood transfusions (>10 units RBC) (p = 0.025), operative time (p = 0.06). No difference in term of hospital stay and complications were observed (p = 0.78 and p = 0.35). One patient for each group had intraoperative complication (p = 0.9). The use of LVSD during PH does not increase operative complications, blood loss, and operative time in comparison to standard procedure. PMID:25813428

  7. Acupuncture for Preventing Complications after Radical Hysterectomy: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

    PubMed Central

    Yi, Wei-min; Chen, Qing; Liu, Chang-hao; Hou, Jia-yun; Chen, Liu-dan; Wu, Wei-kang

    2014-01-01

    We aimed to investigate the preventive effects of acupuncture for complications after radical hysterectomy. A single-center randomized controlled single-blinded trial was performed in a western-style hospital in China. One hundred and twenty patients after radical hysterectomy were randomly allocated to two groups and started acupuncture from sixth postoperative day for five consecutive days. Sanyinjiao (SP6), Shuidao (ST28), and Epangxian III (MS4) were selected with electrical stimulation and Zusanli (ST36) without electrical stimulation for thirty minutes in treatment group. Binao (LI14) was selected as sham acupuncture point without any stimulation in control group. The main outcome measures were bladder function and prevalence of postoperative complications. Compared with control group, treatment group reported significantly improved bladder function in terms of maximal cystometric capacity, first voiding desire, maximal flow rate, residual urine, and bladder compliance, and decreased bladder sensory loss, incontinence, and urinary retention on fifteenth and thirtieth postoperative days. Treatment group showed significant advantage in reduction of urinary tract infection on thirtieth postoperative day. But no significant difference between groups was observed for lymphocyst formation. By improving postoperative bladder function, early intervention of acupuncture may provide a valuable alternative method to prevent bladder dysfunctional disorders and urinary tract infection after radical hysterectomy. PMID:24839455

  8. Interval Between Hysterectomy and Start of Radiation Treatment Is Predictive of Recurrence in Patients With Endometrial Carcinoma

    SciTech Connect

    Cattaneo, Richard; Hanna, Rabbie K.; Jacobsen, Gordon; Elshaikh, Mohamed A.

    2014-03-15

    Purpose: Adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) has been shown to improve local control in patients with endometrial carcinoma. We analyzed the impact of the time interval between hysterectomy and RT initiation in patients with endometrial carcinoma. Methods and Materials: In this institutional review board-approved study, we identified 308 patients with endometrial carcinoma who received adjuvant RT after hysterectomy. All patients had undergone hysterectomy, oophorectomy, and pelvic and para-aortic lymph node evaluation from 1988 to 2010. Patients' demographics, pathologic features, and treatments were compared. The time interval between hysterectomy and the start of RT was calculated. The effects of time interval on recurrence-free (RFS), disease-specific (DSS), and overall survival (OS) were calculated. Following univariate analysis, multivariate modeling was performed. Results: The median age and follow-up for the study cohort was 65 years and 72 months, respectively. Eighty-five percent of the patients had endometrioid carcinoma. RT was delivered with high-dose-rate brachytherapy alone (29%), pelvic RT alone (20%), or both (51%). Median time interval to start RT was 42 days (range, 21-130 days). A total of 269 patients (74%) started their RT <9 weeks after undergoing hysterectomy (group 1) and 26% started ?9 weeks after surgery (group 2). There were a total of 43 recurrences. Tumor recurrence was significantly associated with treatment delay of ?9 weeks, with 5-year RFS of 90% for group 1 compared to only 39% for group 2 (P<.001). On multivariate analysis, RT delay of ?9 weeks (P<.001), presence of lymphovascular space involvement (P=.001), and higher International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics grade (P=.012) were independent predictors of recurrence. In addition, RT delay of ?9 weeks was an independent significant predictor for worse DSS and OS (P=.001 and P=.01, respectively). Conclusions: Delay in administering adjuvant RT after hysterectomy was associated with worse survival endpoints. Our data suggest that shorter time interval between hysterectomy and start of RT may be beneficial.

  9. Single incision laparoscopic hepatectomy: A systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Gkegkes, Ioannis D.; Iavazzo, Christos

    2014-01-01

    Single incision laparoscopic surgery is a rather innovative surgical technique. A systematic literature review was performed with the intention to evaluate the till now clinical evidence regarding the application of single incision technique on liver resections as a method of management in hepatic lesions. Twelve relative studies were found in the field including 30 patients with a age range from 29 to 90 years and a body mass index from 20.1 to 36.5 kg/m2. Primary hepatic carcinoma (40%), metastatic nodules (26.7%), hepatic cysts (16.7%), hepatic haemangiomas (13.3%) and hepatic adenoma (3.3%) were the most common indications of the lesions resected. The types of hepatectomy performed included partial hepatectomy (43.3%), segmentectomy (30%) and lobectomy (26.7%). In the majority of the patients, left lateral segments (II-III-IV) (76.7%) were resected. The median operative time was 110 min (range: 55-235) while the median quantity of blood loss was 50 ml (range: 0-100). No conversion to open surgery and no transfusion were needed. The duration of hospital stay ranged between 2 and 11 days. No complications, no cases of disease recurrence or death of patients were reported. None of the studies included described data on the cosmesis of the application of single incision laparoscopic technique on hepatic resections. Moreover, the surgical technique, as well as the different type of ports used is also presented in this review. Single site port laparoscopic surgery is a promising minimally invasive procedure for liver resections. PMID:25013325

  10. Extracorporeal Ureteric Stenting for Pediatric Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty.

    PubMed

    Kocherov, Stanislav; Lev, Genady; Chertin, Leonid; Chertin, Boris

    2016-04-01

    Introduction We aimed to evaluate a novel technique for ureteric stent insertion during dismembered pediatric laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Patients and Methods Following identification and dissection of the ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) with the proximal part of ureter, the ureter is dismembered just proximal to the UPJ at the level of the renal pelvis, allowing use of the excess pelvic tissue for further manipulation of the ureter. Then the abdomen is desufflated and the ureter delivered to the skin level. The externalized ureter is then spatulated and the stent inserted in an antegrade fashion to the bladder. The first stitch for further laparoscopic anastomosis is applied to the lower part of the spatulated ureteric end and then following insufflations the ureter is returned to the abdomen. The laparoscopic anastomosis is completed in a routine fashion. Results Over the past 4 years, we have used this technique in 26 children (17 boys and 9 girls) with median age of 4 years (range, 2-18 years). Left pyeloplasty was performed in 16 and right pyeloplasty in the remaining 10 patients. The mean (range) time of insertion was 6 minutes (range, 4-7 minutes). All stents were correctly placed. In one patient, the stent dislodged to distal part of the ureter. No other intraoperative or postoperative complications related to our technique of stent insertion were observed. Conclusion Our data show that extracorporeal antegrade ureteric stent insertion is an easy-to-learn and a safe and reliable technique for pediatric dismembered pyeloplasty. It obviates the problem of having the stent in the pelvis during dissection and the need for patient repositioning. PMID:25774958

  11. [In vitro development of laparoscopic skills].

    PubMed

    Gdri, Veronika; Haidegger, Tams; Saftics, Gyrgy; Sndor, Jzsef; Wber, Gyrgy

    2012-08-01

    Minimally invasive surgery is a popular alternative to open surgical procedures. Laparoscopic surgeries require highly skilled surgeons with solid theoretical background and significant amount of practice. Pelvitrainers or simulators provide a good opportunity for practicing and developing laparoscopic skills. Laparoscopic training of medical students of the Semmelweis University is performed at the Institute of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Techniques on Apollo pelvitrainers. The trainer, the performed exercises and the time limits have to be validated by several measurements. Statistical evaluation of the results provides a possibility for the numerical evaluation of surgical skills as well as validating the usability of the pelvitrainer. In our study we tested the peg transfer exercise in pelvitrainers on four groups with different surgical background and level of expertise, complete novices (50 persons), medical students (326 persons), surgical residents (15), and experienced surgeons (4), respectively. A time limit of 240 s was defined for novices and 100 s for professionals. During the evaluation of the results the average time and the number of errors were calculated. The mean completion time of amateurs was 365.7 130 s (mean standard deviation), with 2.57 errors. The performance of medical students was characterized by 159.3 61.1 s average time with 1.21 errors, the completion time of residents was 257.9 75.7 s with 1.13 error points, and 117.2 29.1 s for the surgeons. These data show significant differences between the group, except between the results of medical students and surgeons. We plan to extend this study with the inclusion of more, experienced surgeons. PMID:22940390

  12. Preemptive analgesia with Ketamine for Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Harsimran; Kundra, Sandeep; Singh, Rupinder M; Grewal, Anju; Kaul, Tej K; Sood, Dinesh

    2013-01-01

    Background: The aim of preemptive analgesia is to reduce central sensitization that arises from noxious inputs across the entire perioperative period. N-methyl d-aspartate receptor antagonists have the potential for attenuating central sensitization and preventing central neuroplasticity. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized into four groups of 20 patients each, who were administered the study drug intravenously 30 min before incision. Groups A, B, and C received ketamine in a dose of 1.00, 0.75 and 0.50 mg/kg, respectively, whereas group D received isotonic saline. Anesthetic and surgical techniques were standardized. Postoperatively, the degree of pain at rest, movement, and deep breathing using visual analogue scale, time of request for first analgesic, total opioid consumption, and postoperative nausea and vomiting were recorded in postanesthesia care unit for 24 h. Results: Pain scores were highest in Group D at 0 h. Groups A, B, and C had significantly decreased postoperative pain scores at 0, 0.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 12 h. Postoperative analgesic consumption was significantly less in groups A, B, and C as compared with group D. There was no significant difference in the pain scores among groups A, B, and C. Group A had a significantly higher heart rate and blood pressure than groups B and C at 0 and 0.5 h along with 10% incidence of hallucinations. Conclusion: Preemptive ketamine has a definitive role in reducing postoperative pain and analgesic requirement in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The lower dose of 0.5 mg/kg being devoid of any adverse effects and hemodynamic changes is an optimal dose for preemptive analgesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:24249984

  13. Dexmedetomidine in Postoperative Analgesia in Patients Undergoing Hysterectomy: A CONSORT-Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial.

    PubMed

    Ren, Chunguang; Chi, Meiying; Zhang, Yanwei; Zhang, Zongwang; Qi, Feng; Liu, Zhong

    2015-08-01

    Both dexmedetomidine and sufentanil modulate spinal analgesia by different mechanisms, and yet no human studies are available on their combination for analgesia during the first 72 hours after abdominal hysterectomy.This CONSORT-prospective, randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination of dexmedetomidine and sufentanil in intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for 72 hours after abdominal hysterectomy.Ninety women undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy were divided into 3 equal groups that received sufentanil (Group C; 0.02??g/kg/h), sufentanil plus dexmedetomidine (Group D1; 0.02??g/kg/h, each), or sufentanil (0.02??g/kg/h) plus dexmedetomidine (0.05??g/kg/h) (Group D2) for 72 hours after surgery in this double-blinded, randomized study. The primary outcome measure was the postoperative sufentanil consumption, whereas the secondary outcome measures were pain intensity (visual analogue scale), requirement of narcotic drugs during the operation, level of sedation, Bruggrmann comfort scale, and concerning adverse effects.The postoperative sufentanil consumption was significantly lower in Groups D1 and D2 than in Group C during the observation period (P?hysterectomy during the first 72 hours after abdominal hysterectomy. PMID:26266386

  14. Geographic Variation in Use of Laparoscopic Colectomy for Colon Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Reames, Bradley N.; Sheetz, Kyle H.; Waits, Seth A.; Dimick, Justin B.; Regenbogen, Scott E.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Emerging evidence supporting the use of laparoscopic colectomy in patients with cancer has led to dramatic increases in utilization. Though certain patient and hospital characteristics may be associated with the use of laparoscopy, the influence of geography is poorly understood. Methods We used national Medicare claims data from 2009 and 2010 to examine geographic variation in utilization of laparoscopic colectomy for patients with colon cancer. Patients were assigned to hospital referral regions (HRRs) where they were treated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to generate age, sex, and race-adjusted rates of laparoscopic colectomy for each HRR. Patient quintiles of adjusted HRR utilization were used to evaluate differences in patient and hospital characteristics across low and high-utilizing HRRs. Results A total of 93,786 patients underwent colon resections at 3,476 hospitals during the study period, of which 30,502 (32.5%) were performed laparoscopically. Differences in patient characteristics between the lowest and highest quintiles of HRR utilization were negligible, and there was no difference in the availability of laparoscopic technology. Yet adjusted rates of laparoscopic colectomy utilization varied from 0% to 66.8% across 306 HRRs in the United States. Conclusion There is wide geographic variation in the utilization of laparoscopic colectomy for Medicare patients with colon cancer, suggesting treatment location may substantially influence a patient's options for surgical approach. Future efforts to reduce variation will require increased dissemination of training techniques, novel opportunities for learning among surgeons, and enhanced educational resources for patients. PMID:25287826

  15. Telementoring facilitates independent hand-assisted laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Challacombe, B; Kandaswamy, R; Dasgupta, P; Mamode, N

    2005-03-01

    Laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy is a major advance but a challenging procedure to learn even after laparoscopic training. It requires significant previous training in both laparoscopic and transplant surgery. Telementoring has been shown to reduce the laparoscopic learning curve in other fields. Of six cases of hand-assisted laparoscopic (HAL) living donor nephrectomy at our institution, an on-site mentor supervised the initial two. We present the subsequent four cases as the first documented examples of telementored HAL live donor nephrectomy. Telelink was established with a Comstation (Zydacron, UK) incorporating a Z360 telementoring codec and four ISDN lines (512 kb/s) with time delay of 500 ms for both audio and video. The remote surgeon in Minnesota (USA) could change independently between the laparoscopic and external views. The operating surgeons were able to look at the mentor and converse with him throughout. There were no adverse events in recipients and graft function was excellent. With regards to the telementored group the mean operative time was 240 minutes, the mean warm ischemic time 189 seconds, the mean estimated blood loss 171 mL, and the mean length of hospital stay 3 days. Telementoring for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is feasible, effective, and likely to aid independent practice by providing continued supervision and reducing the learning period. PMID:15848474

  16. Developments in Techniques for Laparoscopic Myomectomy

    PubMed Central

    Rossetti, Alfonso; Chiarotti, Flavia; Florio, Giuseppe

    2007-01-01

    Objectives: Conflicting opinions about laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) are still present regarding indications and risks related to reproductive outcome. We reviewed our 13-year experience (1) to identify risk factors or changes in methods that have improved our myomectomy technique and (2) to evaluate how the learning curve and improved surgical devices influenced our procedures, and (3) to study the myomectomy scar with a power color Doppler ultrasound (US). Methods: From January 1991 to December 2003, we studied 332 patients who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy. We analyzed, as the learning curve, how the introduction of the Steiner morcellator, the use of vasoconstrictive agents, and different techniques of suturing have influenced parameters such as operating time and blood loss. Results: We performed 332 single or multiple myomectomies for symptomatic myomas. Most patients (47%) had more than one myoma, with a maximum of 8 per patient (average myomas removed for patients: 2.23, range 1 to 8). Myoma size ranged from 1cm to 20 cm (mean, 60.20SD27.1 mm). Myomas <4cm were removed during myomectomy for larger ones. The conversion rate to laparotomy was 1.51%. The average drop in hemoglobin concentration was 1.06SD0.86 g/100 mL (range, 0.7 to 2.2 g/100 mL). No blood transfusions were required. No major intraoperative complications occurred. The duration of the procedure ranged from 30 minutes to 360 minutes (mean, 124SD52.6). The dimensions of the myomas removed increased with experience (4.91SD2.2 cm of the earlier cases to 6.76SD2.7 of the latest group, P<0.000). The learning curve positively influenced the length of the procedures in the first cases. The introduction of electromechanical morcellation in 1996 reduced the procedure time. Data showed significantly reduced Hb drop after the introduction in 1998 of vasoconstrictive agents (?Hb 1.62 g/100 mL versus 0.95; P<0.001). The running suture offered few advantages in terms of procedure time. However, the drop in hemoglobin was advantageous (?Hb 1.1 g/100mL vs 0.61, P<0.01). The overall rate of intrauterine pregnancy following LM was 65.5%. No uterine ruptures occurred. We had 2 serious postoperative complications: Conclusions: With increased experience, the technical improvements and clinical results have changed our approach and decision making regarding laparoscopic myomectomy. Our results and extremely low conversion rate suggest that laparoscopic myomectomy is a safe and reliable procedure even in the presence of multiple or enlarged myomas. PMID:17651554

  17. Laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch.

    PubMed

    Feng, John J; Gagner, Michel

    2002-06-01

    The biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch combines a sleeve gastrectomy with a duodenoileal switch to achieve maximum weight loss. Consistent excess weight loss between 70% to 80% is achieved with acceptable decreased long-term nutritional complications. With a higher entry weight, the super obese patient (body mass index [BMI] >50 kg/m(2)) benefits the greatest from a procedure that produces a higher mean excess weight loss. The laparoscopic approach to this procedure has successfully created a surgical technique with optimum benefit and minimal morbidity, especially in the super obese patient. PMID:12152155

  18. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.

    PubMed

    Rigdon, Janet L

    2006-11-01

    Robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy uses the newest technology for surgical treatment of men with prostate cancer. Cancer of the prostate is the most common cancer in men and the second leading cause of death in American men. The Benefits of robotic-assisted prostate surgery over open radical prostatectomy include small portal incisions, decreased blood loss, and shorter hospital stays. Magnification of the surgeon's field of vision and jointed laparoscopic instruments that mimic the human wrist allow precision of movement and the ability to spare nerves, which result in improved postoperative urinary continence and sexual function. PMID:17144039

  19. Recurrent mucinous cystadenoma: a laparoscopic approach.

    PubMed

    Turkyilmaz, Esengul; Korucuoglu, Umit; Kutlusoy, Fatma; Efeturk, Tunay; Dogan, Hayriye Tatli; Onan, Anil; Guner, Haldun; Taskiran, Cagatay

    2009-03-01

    The second most common epithelial tumor of the ovary is mucinous-type, and it constitutes 8-10% of all ovarian tumors. The recurrence of mucinous cystadenoma is very rare after complete excision. Only four such cases have been reported till date. The case presented in this report is the fifth, who had her initial surgery performed by gynecologic oncology team by laparotomy and was followed up by the same group. After recurrence at the same ovary, the patient underwent laparoscopic evaluation and unilateral salpingoophorectomy was performed. The final histopathological diagnosis was mucinous cystadenoma, just the same as the initial cyst. PMID:18584185

  20. Augmented reality assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Schneider, Adrian; Pezold, Simon; Saner, Andreas; Ebbing, Jan; Wyler, Stephen; Rosenthal, Rachel; Cattin, Philippe C

    2014-01-01

    Computer assisted navigation is a widely adopted technique in neurosurgery and orthopedics. However, it is rarely used for surgeries on abdominal organs. In this paper, we propose a novel, noninvasive method based on electromagnetic tracking to determine the pose of the kidney. As a clinical use case, we show a complete surgical navigation system for augmented reality assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Experiments were performed ex vivo on pig kidneys and the evaluation showed an excellent augmented reality alignment error of 2.1 mm 1.2 mm. PMID:25485399

  1. Laparoscopic management of benign liver diseases: where are we?

    PubMed Central

    Hubert, Catherine; Banice, Radu; Kendrick, Michael L

    2004-01-01

    Background The role of laparoscopic surgery in the management of benign cystic and solid liver tumours appears to differ according to each tumour type. As regards congenital liver cysts, laparoscopic treatment is now the gold standard for treating selected, huge, accessible, highly symptomatic or complicated cysts. In contrast, the laparoscopic approach is not useful for patients suffering from adult polycystic liver disease (PLD), except for type I PLD with large multiple hepatic cysts. For benign hepatocellular tumours, the surgical management has recently benefited from a better knowledge of the natural history of each type of tumour and from the improvement of imaging techniques in assuring a precise diagnosis of tumour nature. Thus the general tendency has led to a progressive restriction and tailoring of indications for resection in benign liver tumours, selecting only patients with huge, specifically symptomatic or compressive benign tumours or patients suffering from liver cell adenoma. Despite the enthusiastic use of the laparoscopic approach, selective indications for resection of benign liver tumours should indeed remain unchanged. For all types of benign liver tumours, the best indication remains small, superficial lesions, located in the anterior or the lateral segments of the liver. Deep, centrally located lesions or tumours in contact with major vascular or biliary trunks are not ideal candidates for laparoscopic liver resections. When performed by expert liver and laparoscopic surgeons using an adequate surgical technique, the laparoscopic approach is safe for performing minor liver resections and is accompanied by the usual postoperative benefits of laparoscopic surgery. When applied in selected patients and tumours, laparoscopic management of benign liver diseases appears to be a promising technique for hepatobiliary surgeons. PMID:18333077

  2. Laparoscopic repair of a Bochdalek hernia in an adult woman.

    PubMed

    Sutedja, Barlian; Muliani, Yenny

    2015-08-01

    Bochdalek hernia (BH) is a congenital defect of the diaphragm that usually presents in the neonatal period with life threatening cardiorespiratory distress. It is rare for BH to remain silent until adulthood. A 51-year-old woman presented with progressive dyspnea and abdominal symptoms, but without a history of trauma. The diagnosis of BH was made based on chest X-ray and CT. The hernia was repaired by the laparoscopic technique, and the patient made an uneventful recovery. This report validates the feasibility of laparoscopic repair of BH in an adult, which should be within the capability of an advanced laparoscopic surgeon. PMID:26303737

  3. Laparoscopic repair of a Bochdalek hernia in an adult woman

    PubMed Central

    Sutedja, Barlian; Muliani, Yenny

    2015-01-01

    Bochdalek hernia (BH) is a congenital defect of the diaphragm that usually presents in the neonatal period with life threatening cardiorespiratory distress. It is rare for BH to remain silent until adulthood. A 51-year-old woman presented with progressive dyspnea and abdominal symptoms, but without a history of trauma. The diagnosis of BH was made based on chest X-ray and CT. The hernia was repaired by the laparoscopic technique, and the patient made an uneventful recovery. This report validates the feasibility of laparoscopic repair of BH in an adult, which should be within the capability of an advanced laparoscopic surgeon. PMID:26303737

  4. Laparoscopic sterilizations (16,803) without vaginal manipulation.

    PubMed

    Mehta, P V

    1982-08-01

    Laparoscopic sterilization is usually done after viewing the fallopian tubes brought into the laparoscopic field by a uterine manipulator introduced through the vagina. The orthodox rural Indian women, however, resent vaginal manipulation exposing their genitalia. Therefore, the author developed a single-puncture technique for performing laparoscopic sterilization with a Falope-Ring, which dispenses with a uterine manipulator. Experience with 16,803 cases is presented. This technique is recommended for mass sterilizations because it eliminates the risks involved in vaginal manipulation and enhances acceptability and popularity of the procedure. Nonetheless, the risks of bowel injury are augmented, and the method is not for the inexperienced or occasional operator. PMID:6127267

  5. Laparoscopic splenectomy: operative technique and outcome in three cats.

    PubMed

    O'Donnell, Erica; Mayhew, Philipp; Culp, William; Mayhew, Kelli

    2013-01-01

    CLINICAL SUMMARY: The clinical findings, treatment and outcome for three cats that underwent laparoscopic splenectomy using bipolar vessel-sealing devices for resection of diffuse splenic disease are described. In each case, a three-portal laparoscopic technique was used. The spleen was manipulated and its mesentery and associated vessels sequentially cauterized and ligated to enable removal through a portal incision with minimal hemorrhage. Each of the three patients recovered from anesthesia without incident and was able to be discharged to the owner the next day. PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Laparoscopic splenectomy may be a safe and effective alternative to celiotomy in a select group of cats requiring splenectomy. PMID:23254241

  6. Giant Bauhin valve adenoma and laparoscopically assisted colonoscopic polypectomy

    PubMed Central

    Mikalauskas, Saulius; eromskas, Paulius; Strupas, K?stutis

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays colonoscopic polypectomy has become a routine procedure, which is performed daily. Almost every colorectal benign tumor can be removed endoscopically, although there are some problematic adenomas which are either large in size or difficult to approach. In the past two decades laparoscopically assisted colonoscopic polypectomy has become established in the endoscopic world, which reduced the need of operations for those patients with lesions that are large or hard to approach. The first laparoscopically monitored colonoscopic polypectomy was performed by Franklin in 1991, and reported publicly in 1993. We present a case report of a patient who was diagnosed with Bauhin valve giant adenoma and underwent laparoscopically assisted polypectomy. PMID:25337179

  7. Giant Bauhin valve adenoma and laparoscopically assisted colonoscopic polypectomy.

    PubMed

    Mikalauskas, Saulius; Ra?kauskas, Rokas; Zeromskas, Paulius; Strupas, K?stutis

    2014-09-01

    Nowadays colonoscopic polypectomy has become a routine procedure, which is performed daily. Almost every colorectal benign tumor can be removed endoscopically, although there are some problematic adenomas which are either large in size or difficult to approach. In the past two decades laparoscopically assisted colonoscopic polypectomy has become established in the endoscopic world, which reduced the need of operations for those patients with lesions that are large or hard to approach. The first laparoscopically monitored colonoscopic polypectomy was performed by Franklin in 1991, and reported publicly in 1993. We present a case report of a patient who was diagnosed with Bauhin valve giant adenoma and underwent laparoscopically assisted polypectomy. PMID:25337179

  8. Distal pancreatic resection: technical differences between open and laparoscopic approaches

    PubMed Central

    2006-01-01

    Open distal pancreatic resection has been performed over the years for management of patients with a variety of pancreatic disorders. However, the technique is usually not performed in the same way by all surgeons. In recent years, the laparoscopic approach has been introduced with all the advantages of a minimally invasive procedure. The primary differences between the open and laparoscopic approaches are the method of access, the method of exposure, and the extent of operative trauma. The clinical advantages of the laparoscopic approach are the reduced length hospitalization, the reduction in postoperative pain, absence of wound-related complications and faster recovery. PMID:18333239

  9. Laparoscopic repair of a bladder rupture in a foal.

    PubMed

    Edwards, R B; Ducharme, N G; Hackett, R P

    1995-01-01

    Ruptured bladder was diagnosed in a 90-day-old Thoroughbred colt that had suffered a open, comminuted tibial fracture 2 days earlier. The bladder rupture was identified by laparoscopic examination of the abdomen and was repaired using a laparoscopic stapling instrument. This technique provided good visualization and allowed repair of the rupture with minimal intervention. Ten months after surgery, the foal was admitted to a referral surgical practice because of colic and stanguria. A urinary calculus was removed from the penile urethra by urethrotomy. Laparoscopic repair of the bladder with nonabsorbable staples may be contraindicated because of possible urolith formation. PMID:7701772

  10. Laparoscopic splenectomy for spontaneous rupture of the spleen.

    PubMed

    Thapar, Pinky M; Philip, Roji; Masurkar, Vishwanath G; Khadse, Prashant L; Randive, Nilima U

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic splenectomy is a gold standard for management of planned benign splenic pathologies. Spontaneous rupture of the spleen (SRS) leading to acute abdomen occurs in only 1% of all splenic ruptures. Laparoscopic splenectomy in traumatic and atraumatic rupture due to intra-splenic pathology is reported. We present the first reported case of laparoscopic splenectomy in a 23-year-old male who presented with hemoperitoneum due to idiopathic or SRS. The procedure was safely accomplished with slight modified technique and minimum usage of advanced gadgets. PMID:26917926

  11. Laparoscopic splenectomy for spontaneous rupture of the spleen

    PubMed Central

    Thapar, Pinky M.; Philip, Roji; Masurkar, Vishwanath G.; Khadse, Prashant L.; Randive, Nilima U.

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic splenectomy is a gold standard for management of planned benign splenic pathologies. Spontaneous rupture of the spleen (SRS) leading to acute abdomen occurs in only 1% of all splenic ruptures. Laparoscopic splenectomy in traumatic and atraumatic rupture due to intra-splenic pathology is reported. We present the first reported case of laparoscopic splenectomy in a 23-year-old male who presented with hemoperitoneum due to idiopathic or SRS. The procedure was safely accomplished with slight modified technique and minimum usage of advanced gadgets. PMID:26917926

  12. Laparoscopic Wedge Resection of Gastric Stromal Tumor (GIST)

    PubMed Central

    Samardzic, Josip; Hreckovski, Boris; Hasukic, Ismar; Hasukic, Sefik

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Laparoscopic treatment in general, in recent age has proven that it is well associated with low morbidity, mortality, fast recovery, less pain and sound oncologic outcomes. Recent reports from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) GIST Task Force and the GIST Consensus Conference under the auspices of The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) show that laparoscopic resection may be used for small gastric GISTs (< 2 cm in size). Case report: We report, all the benefits of laparoscopic approach which include short hospitalization, less pain, better cosmetic effect and good oncological outcome, in this case report of 60 year old female patient with gastric GIST larger than 2 cm. PMID:26261393

  13. Single-incision laparoscopic management of a giant hepatic cyst

    PubMed Central

    Willems, Kaitlin; Monsivais, Sharon; Vassaur, Hannah; Buckley, Francis P.

    2015-01-01

    Large symptomatic hepatic cysts may warrant surgical management. Traditional multiport laparoscopic technique is typically preferred over open laparotomy, but the use of the single-incision laparoscopic approach for this diagnosis is not well documented. Here, we describe the case of a 68-year-old woman who underwent complete anterior wall fenestration, excision and cauterization of a simple hepatic cyst via a single-incision laparoscopic technique through an incision at the umbilicus. The objective of this case report is to document single-incision laparoscopy as a safe, feasible and cosmetically appealing approach for the management of a large hepatic cyst. PMID:26224889

  14. Diffuse reflectance measurement tool for laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giardini, Mario E.; Klemm, Annett B.; Di Falco, Andrea; Krauss, Thomas F.

    2010-04-01

    Continuous-wave diffuse reflectance or Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) offers the possibility to perform a preliminary screening of tissue for ischemia or other tissue anomalies. A tool for intracavity NIRS measurements during laparoscopic surgery, developed within the framework of the FP7-IP ARAKNES (Array of Robots Augmenting the KiNematics of Endoluminal Surgery) project, is described. It consists of a probe, that is located on the tip of an appropriately shaped laparoscopic manipulator and then applied to the tissue. Such a probe employs an array of incoherent semiconductor light sources (LEDs) frequency-multiplexed on a single detector using a lock-in technique. The resulting overall tool structure is simple and compact, and allows efficient coupling of the emitted light towards the tissue. The tool has high responsivity and enables fast and accurate measurements. A dataset gathered from in-vivo tissue is presented. The performance both indicates direct applicability of the tool to significant surgical issues (ischemia detection), and clearly indicates the possibility of further miniaturizing the probe head towards catheterized approaches.

  15. The Laparoscopic Approach to Paraesophageal Hernia Repair

    PubMed Central

    Nason, Katie S.; Levy, Ryan M.; Witteman, Bart P.L.; Luketich, James D.

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair continues to be one of the most challenging procedures facing the minimally invasive surgeon. A thorough understanding of the tenets of the operation and advanced skills in minimally invasive laparoscopy are needed for long-term freedom from symptomatic and anatomic recurrence. These include complete reduction of the hernia sac from the mediastinum back into the abdomen with careful preservation of the integrity of muscle and peritoneal lining of the crura, aggressive and complete mobilization of the esophagus to the level of the inferior pulmonary vein, clear identification of the gastroesophageal junction to allow accurate assessment of the intraabdominal esophageal length and use of Collis gastroplasty when esophageal lengthening is required for a tension-free intraabdominal repair. Liberal mobilization of the phrenosplenic and phrenogastric attachments substantially increases the mobility of the left limb of the crura, allowing for a tension-free primary closure in a large percentage of patients. The following describes our current approach to laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair following a decade of refinement in a high-volume center. PMID:22160778

  16. Laparoscopic Treatment of Cesarean Scar Ectopic Pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Felsingerov, Zuzana; Felsinger, Michal; Jandakova, Eva

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Background: An ectopic pregnancy within a Cesarean scar represents a rare type of extrauterine pregnancy in which the fertilized egg nidates in the myometrium of the uterine wall within a scar left from a previous Cesarean delivery. An unrecognized growing Cesarian scar pregnancy may result in uterine rupture, uncontrollable metrorrhagia, and bleeding into the abdominal cavity; therefore, early diagnosis and therapy are necessary to prevent the development of severe complications. Case: A 34-year-old woman after a previous Cesarean delivery presented with amenorrhoa of 7 weeks' duration. Transvaginal ultrasonography revealed an ectopic pregnancy in the Cesarean scar, and a laparoscopic removal of the gestational sac was performed with no complications. Results: Three months later, another laparoscopy with chromopertubation showed no signs of penetration in the suture, both the Fallopian tubes being bilaterally passable. The patient was advised that she could try to achieve pregnancy through spontaneous conception, after which monitoring of the gestational development and a careful assessment of the nidation site would be needed. Conclusions: Laparoscopic surgical management of a viable ectopic pregnancy is technically simple, and is followed by a good recovery. (J GYNECOL SURG 30:309) PMID:25336858

  17. International experience for laparoscopic major liver resection.

    PubMed

    Dagher, Ibrahim; Gayet, Brice; Tzanis, Dimitrios; Tranchart, Hadrien; Fuks, David; Soubrane, Olivier; Han, Ho-Seong; Kim, Ki-Hun; Cherqui, Daniel; O'Rourke, Nicholas; Troisi, Roberto I; Aldrighetti, Luca; Bjorn, Edwin; Abu Hilal, Mohammed; Belli, Giulio; Kaneko, Hironori; Jarnagin, William R; Lin, Charles; Pekolj, Juan; Buell, Joseph F; Wakabayashi, Go

    2014-10-01

    Although minor laparoscopic liver resections (LLRs) appear as standardized procedures, major LLRs are still limited to few expert teams. The aim of this study was to report the combined data of 18 international centers performing major LLR. Variables evaluated were number and type of LLR, surgical indications, number of synchronous colorectal resections, details on technical points, conversion rates, operative time, blood loss and surgical margins. From 1996 to 2014, a total of 5388 LLR were carried out including 1184 major LLRs. The most frequent indication for laparoscopic right hepatectomy (LRH) was colorectal liver metastases (37.0%). Seven centers used hand assistance or hybrid approach selectively for LRH mostly at the beginning of their experience. Seven centers apply Pringle's maneuver routinely. The conversion rate for all major LLRs was 10% and mean operative time was 291?min. Mean estimated blood loss for all major LLR was 327?ml and negative surgical margin rate was 96.5%. Major LLRs still remain challenging procedures requiring important experience in both laparoscopy and liver surgery. Stimulating the younger generation to learn and accomplish these techniques is the better way to guarantee further development of this surgical field. PMID:25098667

  18. Laparoscopic Pyloromyotomy: A Modified Simple Technique

    PubMed Central

    Anwar, Mohammed Omer; Omran, Yasser Al; Al-Hindi, Saeed

    2016-01-01

    Background: A modified laparoscopic pyloromyotomy (LP) technique may provide an alternative to treating infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) by improving operative timing with reduction of postoperative complication rates, compared with a three-port trocar system. Methods: Thirty-three infants were treated with IHPS at a single-centre between January 2002 and December 2011. The local surgical incision to the pylorus was performed according to Ramstedt’s pyloromyotomy; but with a two-port trocar system (umbilical and right lower abdominal crease ports), following a controlled stab wound into the epigastric region and a 3mm incision to allow introduction of ophthalmic knife. With the aid of atraumatic forceps and camera guidance, the ophthalmic knife was used to carefully incise the seromuscular layer, which allows improved manual tactile sensation compared to ergonomic laparoscopic spreaders. A Benson pyloric spreader was then used to further separate the pyloric muscle layer to complete the procedure. Results: In all 33 infants treated, LP was safely performed with no evidence of duodenal or mucosal perforation with complete pyloromyotomy achieved in each case. The postoperative course was rather uneventful apart from an umbilical wound infection. Conclusion: This modified approach is simple, safe and allows improved operative timing, whilst increasing surgeon’s confidence by tactile sensation. PMID:26793595

  19. Anaesthetic consideration during laparoscopic bilateral simultaneous nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Modi, Manisha P; Vora, Kalpana S; Parikh, Geeta P; Modi, Pranjal R; Shah, Veena R

    2014-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess outcome from anaesthesia during laparoscopic bilateral simultaneous nephrectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective study. MEASUREMENTS: Preoperative Hb%, serum potassium, coagulation profile electrocardiography (ECG) changes, 2D Echography, x-ray chest, haemodynamic changes, end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2), fluid management and postoperative analgesia. RESULTS: The mean age was 24.75 14.35 years. The mean duration of surgery was 120 80 minutes. The Hb%, serum creatinine and serum potassium were 9.4 1.04%, 6.79 4.91 meq/L and 3.61 0.51 meq/L, respectively. Pulse rate mean blood pressure and EtCO2 were recorded after creation of pneumoperitoneum and at 15, 30, 45 and after exsufflation of pneumoperitoneum. After pneumoperitoneum, there was increase in pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and EtCO2. After 30 minutes and throughout the surgery, these variables remained stable. Four patients required nitroglycerine infusion for intraoperative hypertention. Only one patient required packed cell volume (PCV) transfusion and total intravenous fluid was 1 0.5 L. At the time of exsufflation, there was decrease in pulse rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and EtCO2. CONCLUSION: Because of advancement in anaesthetic agents and muscle relaxant, there is safe outcome from anaesthesia during laparoscopic bilateral simultaneous nephrectomy. PMID:24501502

  20. Solo Intracorporeal Esophagojejunostomy Reconstruction Using a Laparoscopic Scope Holder in Single-Port Laparoscopic Total Gastrectomy for Early Gastric Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Ahn, Sang-Hoon; Son, Sang-Yong; Jung, Do Hyun; Park, Young Suk; Shin, Dong Joon; Park, Do Joong

    2015-01-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer has recently been reported by Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. However, this is not a popular procedure primarily because of the technical difficulties involved in achieving consistent intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy. At Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, we recently introduced a simple, easy-to-use, low-profile laparoscopic manual scope holder that enables the maintenance of a stable field of view, the most demanding condition in single-port gastrectomy. In this technical report, we describe in detail the world's first solo single-incision laparoscopic total gastrectomy with D1+ lymph node dissection and intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy for proximal early gastric cancer. PMID:26161287

  1. Totally Laparoscopic Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer Associated with Recklinghausen's Disease

    PubMed Central

    Sakaguchi, Yoshihisa; Ikeda, Osamu; Ohgaki, Kippei; Oki, Eiji; Chinen, Yoshiki; Sakamoto, Yasuo; Minami, Kazuhito; Toh, Yasushi; Okamura, Takeshi

    2010-01-01

    This paper documents the first case of gastric cancer associated with Recklinghausen's disease, which was successfully treated by a totally laparoscopic operation. A 67-year-old woman with Recklinghausen's disease was referred to this department to undergo surgical treatment for early gastric cancer. The physical examination showed multiple cutaneous neurofibromas throughout the body surface, which made an upper abdominal incision impossible. Laparoscopic surgery requiring only small incisions was well indicated, and a totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with lymph node dissection was performed. Billroth I reconstruction was done intra-abdominally using a delta-shaped anastomosis. The patient followed a satisfactory postoperative course with no complications. Since the totally laparoscopic gastrectomy has many advantages over open surgery, it should therefore be preferentially used as a less invasive treatment in the field of gastric cancer. PMID:20672006

  2. Appendicitis with psoas abscess successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Otowa, Yasunori; Sumi, Yasuo; Kanaji, Shingo; Kanemitsu, Kiyonori; Yamashita, Kimihiro; Imanishi, Tatsuya; Nakamura, Tetsu; Suzuki, Satoshi; Tanaka, Kenichi; Kakeji, Yoshihiro

    2014-01-01

    Although acute appendicitis is a common disease, retroperitoneal abscesses are rarely observed. Here, we report a case consisting of a psoas abscess and cutaneous fistula caused by appendicitis. The patient was a 56-year-old male who was introduced to our institution due to an intractable right psoas abscess. Imaging tests had been performed over the previous 3 years; however, clinicians could not find the origin of the abscess and failed to resolve the problem. A successful operation was performed via a laparoscopic approach, and 17 mo have passed without recurrence. The advantage of laparoscopic surgery is well understood in cases of appendicitis with abscesses. However, the indication for laparoscopic approach is not clear for retroperitoneal abscesses. From our experience, we can conclude that appendicitis with retroperitoneal abscesses can be managed and treated using a laparoscopic approach. PMID:25009411

  3. A new 3-D laparoscope in gastrointestinal surgery.

    PubMed

    Birkett, D H; Josephs, L G; Este-McDonald, J

    1994-12-01

    This study was set up to compare three-dimensional imaging of a new three-dimensional laparoscope with two-dimensional imaging in the inanimate and clinical settings. In the clinical setting the laparoscope was used in a total of 50 different laparoscopic operations. It provided excellent depth perception, definition, and resolution. The relationships of structures were more easily defined, and instrument manipulation was easier, doing away with the need for "touch and feel" to determine instrument position. Three-D imaging made cannulation of the cystic duct for cholangiography or with a flexible choledochoscope easier. In the inanimate setting basic simple tasks took the same time in 2-D as in 3-D, whereas a more complicated procedure of passing a needle and suture through a series of hoops was 25% faster when performed in 3-D compared to 2-D. Three-D imaging may reduce operative time for laparoscopic procedures, particularly the more complicated operations. PMID:7878517

  4. Clinical results with acridine orange using a novel confocal laparoscope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanbakuchi, Anthony A.; Rouse, Andrew R.; Hatch, Kenneth D.; Gmitro, Arthur F.

    2009-02-01

    We previously reported on the development of a multi-spectral confocal laparoscope for clinical imaging. In this paper we present current results using the system to image ovaries with a new laparoscope design using the contrast agent acridine orange. This new laparoscope integrates computer controlled systems for focus, depth scans, and localized contrast agent delivery. Precise axial position control is accomplished with tiny stepper motors integrated inside the laparoscope handle. Ergonomic handle controls allow for data acquisition, deliver of contrast agents, and adjustment of imaging depth during procedures by the surgeon. We have approval to use acridine orange in our clinical trials to image ovaries in vivo during oophorectomies. We present in vivo results using both acridine orange and fluorescein as the topically administered contrast agent.

  5. Laparoscopic resection of hepatoblastoma: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Yada, Keigo; Ishibashi, Hiroki; Mori, Hiroki; Shimada, Mitsuo

    2014-08-01

    Despite the increasing number of recent reports on laparoscopic resection of malignant liver tumors in adults, there have been few reports involving children. In this paper we discuss the laparoscopic resection of a hepatoblastoma in a 1-year-old boy. The CT scan revealed an exophytic hepatic tumor on S5 measuring 6??5??4?cm after preoperative chemotherapy. The operation time was 225?min with an estimated blood loss of about 38?mL; intraoperative transfusion was not required. Radiofrequency-assisted precoagulation was performed. The patient had an uncomplicated recovery and started postoperative chemotherapy on postoperative day?12. Our literature search revealed only five reported cases of laparoscopic resection of hepatoblastoma in which there was no postoperative complication or recurrence. Laparoscopic resection of a hepatoblastoma in a selected subgroup of patients can be safe and feasible. PMID:25131326

  6. Open cholecystectomy in the age of the laparoscope.

    PubMed Central

    Widdison, A. L.; Norton, S.; Armstrong, C. P.

    1995-01-01

    We reviewed our experience with open cholecystectomy since laparoscopic cholecystectomy became the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstones. Over a 3 year period 35 open (6%) and 578 laparoscopic cholecystectomies (94%) were performed. Fourteen trainee surgeons performed only 16 open cholecystectomies and assisted at 19. The proportion of open cholecystectomies declined through the study period. Ten emergency cholecystectomies were performed for empyema, gallbladder perforation, severe acute cholecystitis, liver abscess, and cholangitis. In 12 patients, laparoscopic surgery was converted to an open procedure because of severe inflammation, empyema, dense adhesions, carcinoma of the gallbladder, cholecystoduodenal fistula, and perforated small bowel. Ten patients underwent open cholecystectomy and bile duct exploration after failure to clear duct stones endoscopically, and three patients had Mirizzi's syndrome. Open cholecystectomy is infrequently performed giving trainee surgeons little experience. However, such cases are occasionally inevitable and laparoscopic surgeons need to have the appropriate skills. PMID:7574315

  7. Laparoscopic gastric surgery for cancer: Where do we stand?

    PubMed Central

    Antonakis, Pantelis T; Ashrafian, Hutan; Isla, Alberto Martinez

    2014-01-01

    Gastric cancer poses a significant public health problem, especially in the Far East, due to its high incidence in these areas. Surgical treatment and guidelines have been markedly different in the West, but nowadays this debate is apparently coming to an end. Laparoscopic surgery has been employed in the surgical treatment of gastric cancer for two decades now, but with controversies about the extent of resection and lymphadenectomy. Despite these difficulties, the apparent advantages of the laparoscopic approach helped its implementation in early stage and distal gastric cancer, with an increase on the uptake for distal gastrectomy for more advanced disease and total gastrectomy. Nevertheless, there is no conclusive evidence about the laparoscopic approach yet. In this review article we present and analyse the current status of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of gastric cancer. PMID:25339815

  8. Intraperitoneal Bupivacaine Does Not Attenuate Pain Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Stolik-Dollberg, Orit; Bar-Zakai, Barak; Rosin, Danny; Kuriansky, Joseph; Shabtai, Moshe; Perel, Azriel; Ayalon, Amram

    2000-01-01

    Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is characterized by a short hospital stay. Hence, pain control on the day of surgery is increasingly important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intraperitoneal bupivacaine on pain relief following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Sixty patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were prospectively randomized into 2 groups. Following removal of the gallbladder, group A received 100 mg of bupivacaine in 50 cc of saline, installed into the gallbladder bed and right subphrenic space. Group B received saline without bupivacaine. Pain was assessed using a visual/analog scale at fixed-time intervals. Results: No significant difference occurred in the average pain levels between the groups at 1, 2, 4, and 14 hours postsurgery. The average analgesic requirement was lower in the bupivacaine group, but this did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion: Application of intraperitoneal bupivacaine did not attenuate pain following laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and no role exists for its routine use. PMID:11051189

  9. Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy for Ovarian Metastasis and Underlying Horse Shoe Kidney.

    PubMed

    Hafeez Bhatti, Abu Bakar; Iqbal, Rao Asif; Waheed, Anum; Loya, Asif; Syed, Aamir Ali

    2015-10-01

    Adrenal metastasis from ovarian malignancy is extremely rare. Very few cases in literature have reported surgical removal of isolated adrenal metastasis in patients with ovarian carcinoma. Presence of horse shoe kidney can impose technical challenges in patients planned for laparoscopic adrenalectomy. A52 years female with high grade serous carcinoma ovary, horse shoe kidney and previous history of two laparotomies for primary malignancy developed adrenal metastasis 3 years after diagnosis of the primary lesion. She underwent laparoscopic left adrenalectomy in right lateral position. She was discharged on the second postoperative day. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for ovarian metastasis in a patient with horse shoe kidney has not been reported before. Surgical resection of solitary adrenal metastasis offers survival benefit and laparoscopic resection should always be a treatment option in these patients. PMID:26522195

  10. Single-incision laparoscopic colorectal surgery for cancer: State of art

    PubMed Central

    Cianchi, Fabio; Staderini, Fabio; Badii, Benedetta

    2014-01-01

    A number of clinical trials have demonstrated that the laparoscopic approach for colorectal cancer resection provides the same oncologic results as open surgery along with all clinical benefits of minimally invasive surgery. During the last years, a great effort has been made to research for minimizing parietal trauma, yet for cosmetic reasons and in order to further reduce surgery-related pain and morbidity. New techniques, such as natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and single-incision laparoscopy (SIL) have been developed in order to reach the goal of “scarless” surgery. Although NOTES may seem not fully suitable or safe for advanced procedures, such as colectomies, SIL is currently regarded as the next major advance in the progress of minimally invasive surgical approaches to colorectal disease that is more feasible in generalized use. The small incision through the umbilicus allows surgeons to use familiar standard laparoscopic instruments and thus, perform even complex procedures which require extraction of large surgical specimens or intestinal anastomosis. The cosmetic result from SIL is also better because the only incision is made through the umbilicus which can hide the wound effectively after operation. However, SIL raises a number of specific new challenges compared with the laparoscopic conventional approach. A reduced capacity for triangulation, the repeated conflicts between the shafts of the instruments and the difficulties to achieve a correct exposure of the operative field are the most claimed issues. The use therefore of this new approach for complex colorectal procedures might understandingly be viewed as difficult to implement, especially for oncologic cases. PMID:24876729

  11. Development of blood vessel search system using near-infrared light for laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narita, K.; Nakamachi, E.; Morita, Y.; Hagiwara, A.

    2013-09-01

    Our objective of this study is to develop a miniature and high accuracy automatic 3D blood vessel searching system, which will be introduced in the laparoscopic operation with the minimally invasive surgery. Now, the conventional optical system used in the laparoscopic surgery has many difficulties of blood vessel imaging and detection, because the peripheral bio-tissue located around the blood vessel disturbs the light wave propagation, disperses and refracts. Consequently, only unclear image is obtained. We develop a new blood vessel detecting system by using Near-Infrared (NIR) light, two CMOS camera modules and a comprehensive image processing technique, which is implemented in the laparoscope pipe with 25mm in diameter. We adopt the stereo method for the searching system to determine 3D blood vessel location. The blood vessel visualization system adopts hemoglobin's absorption characteristics of the NIR light, which has high permeability for the bio-tissue and absorbency for the hemoglobin. A sharpening process is employed to improve the image quality of original ones, through the LoG filter and the un-sharp-mask processing. 2D location of the blood vessel is calculated from luminance distribution of the image and its depth is calculated by the stereo method. A validity of our blood vessel visualization and 3D detecting system was examined through the comparison with the imaging and detecting the results of organization phantoms, which embedded at known depths under the surface. Experimental results of depth obtained by our detecting system showed good agreements with the given depths, and the availability of this system is confirmed.

  12. Remains of the day: Biliary complications related to single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Allemann, Pierre; Demartines, Nicolas; Schäfer, Markus

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To assesse the rate of bile duct injuries (BDI) and overall biliary complications during single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC) compared to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). METHODS: SPLC has recently been proposed as an innovative surgical approach for gallbladder surgery. So far, its safety with respect to bile duct injuries has not been specifically evaluated. A systematic review of the literature published between January 1990 and November 2012 was performed. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing SPLC versus CLC reporting BDI rate and overall biliary complications were included. The quality of RCT was assessed using the Jadad score. Analysis was made by performing a meta-analysis, using Review Manager 5.2. This study was based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. A retrospective study including all retrospective reports on SPLC was also performed alongside. RESULTS: From 496 publications, 11 RCT including 898 patients were selected for meta-analysis. No studies were rated as high quality (Jadad score ≥ 4). Operative indications included benign gallbladder disease operated in an elective setting in all studies, excluding all emergency cases and acute cholecystitis. The median follow-up was 1 mo (range 0.03-18 mo). The incidence of BDI was 0.4% for SPLC and 0% for CLC; the difference was not statistically different (P = 0.36). The incidence of overall biliary complication was 1.6% for SPLC and 0.5% for CLC, the difference did not reached statistically significance (P = 0.21, 95%CI: 0.66-15). Sixty non-randomized trials including 3599 patients were also analysed. The incidence of BDI reported then was 0.7%. CONCLUSION: The safety of SPLC cannot be assumed, based on the current evidence. Hence, this new technology cannot be recommended as standard technique for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:24574757

  13. Laparoscopic Resection of a Gastric Diverticulum: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    2005-01-01

    A 30-year-old woman presented with halitosis, sour taste, bloating, and right-sided abdominal pain of 3-months' duration. An upper gastrointestinal series revealed a diverticulum in the posterior cardia of the stomach. The patient underwent a laparoscopic resection of the diverticulum. Postoperatively, the patient did well; at a 28-month follow-up, no further symptoms were reported. Laparoscopic removal of a diverticulum produced an excellent outcome. PMID:15984717

  14. Robotic-Assisted Versus Laparoscopic Colectomy: Cost and Clinical Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Davis, Bradley R.; Yoo, Andrew C.; Moore, Matt

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Laparoscopic colectomies, with and without robotic assistance, are performed to treat both benign and malignant colonic disease. This study compared clinical and economic outcomes for laparoscopic colectomy procedures with and without robotic assistance. Methods: Patients aged ≥18 years having primary inpatient laparoscopic colectomy procedures (cecectomy, right hemicolectomy, left hemicolectomy, and sigmoidectomy) identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition procedure codes performed between 2009 and the second quarter of 2011 from the Premier Hospital Database were studied. Patients were matched to a control cohort using propensity scores for disease, comorbidities, and hospital characteristics and were matched 1:1 for specific colectomy procedure. The outcomes of interest were hospital cost of laparoscopic robotic-assisted colectomy compared with traditional laparoscopic colectomy, surgery time, adverse events, and length of stay. Results: Of 25 758 laparoscopic colectomies identified, 98% were performed without robotic assistance and 2% were performed with robotic assistance. After matching, 1066 patients remained, 533 in each group. Lengths of stay were not significantly different between the matched cohorts, nor were rates of major, minor, and/or surgical complications. Inpatient procedures with robotic assistance were significantly more costly than those without robotic assistance ($17 445 vs $15 448, P = .001). Operative times were significantly longer for robotic-assisted procedures (4.37 hours vs 3.34 hours, P < .001). Conclusion: Segmental colectomies can be performed safely by either laparoscopic or robotic-assisted methods. Increased per-case hospital costs for robotic-assisted procedures and prolonged operative times suggest that further investigation is warranted when considering robotic technology for routine laparoscopic colectomies. PMID:24960484

  15. Laparoscopic resection of a jejunal mesenteric pseudocyst: case report

    PubMed Central

    RESTA, G.; TARTARINI, D.; FABBRI, N.; BIANCHINI, E.; ANANIA, G.

    2014-01-01

    Mesenteric cysts are rare and can occur at any age. They can manifest with abdominal pain or compressive mass effect. The exact etiology is unknown. Ultrasonography, computed tomography and laparoscopy are used in diagnosing mesenteric cysts. Laparoscopic excision of a mesenteric cyst is possible and should be considered as the treatment of choice. We present a case of mesenteric pseudocyst of small bowel treated by laparoscopic excision. PMID:25644729

  16. A Warm-up Laparoscopic Exercise Improves the Subsequent Laparoscopic Performance of Ob-Gyn Residents: a Low-Cost Laparoscopic Trainer

    PubMed Central

    Do, Ann T.; Kerr, Angela; Serur, Eli; Robertazzi, Robert R.; Stankovic, Miljan R.

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: Residents traditionally acquire surgical skills through on-the-job training. Minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques present additional demands to master complex surgical procedures in a remote 2-dimensional venue. We examined the effectiveness of a brief warm-up laparoscopic simulation toward improving operative proficiency. Methods: Using a Poor-Man's Laparoscopy Simulator, 12 Ob/Gyn residents and 12 medical students were allocated 10 minutes to transfer 30 tablets with a 5-mm grasper from point A to point B via laparoscopic visualization in a warm-up exercise. Participants repeated the exercise following a 5-minute pause. Mean scores, expressed in seconds/tablet, and overall improvement (percentage difference between warm-up and follow-up) were analyzed according to postgraduate standing (PGY1-4), dexterity skills, and pertinent vocational activities. Results: Significant improvements were noted for both residents (+25%) and medical students (+29%), P<0.0001. Scores between the 2 groups, however, were not significant (P=0.677). Proficiency was not influenced by PGY standing. Interestingly, the best (8.73 sec/pill) and the worst (25 sec/pill) scores were attained by a medical student and a chief resident, respectively, suggesting the contribution of individual aptitude. Conclusion: A brief warm-up exercise before an actual laparoscopic surgical procedure significantly improves subsequent laparoscopic performance. PMID:17212883

  17. Predicting Difficult Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Based on Clinicoradiological Assessment

    PubMed Central

    Udachan, Tejaswini V; Sasnur, Prasad; Baloorkar, Ramakanth; Sindgikar, Vikram; Narasangi, Basavaraj

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis. However, of all Laparoscopic cholecystectomies, 1-13% requires conversion to an open for various reasons. Thus, for surgeons it would be helpful to establish criteria that would predict difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy and conversion preoperatively. But there is no clear consensus among the laparoscopic surgeons regarding the parameters predicting the difficult dissection and conversion to open cholecystectomy. Aim To assess the clinical and radiological parameters for predicting the difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy and its conversion. Materials and Methods This was a prospective study conducted from October 2010 to October 2014. Total of 180 patients meeting the inclusion criteria undergoing LC were included in the study. Four parameters were assessed to predict the difficult LC. These parameters were: 1) Gallbladder wall thickness; 2) Pericholecystic fluid collection; 3) Number of attacks; 4) Total leucocyte count. The statistical analysis was done using Z-test. Results Out of 180 patients included in this study 126 (70%) were easy, 44 (24.44%) were difficult and 3 (5.56%) patients required conversion to open cholecystectomy. The overall conversion rate was 5.6%. The TLC>11000, more than 2 previous attacks of cholecystitis, GB wall thickness of >3mm and Pericholecystic collection were all statistically significant for predicting the difficult LC and its conversion. Conclusion The difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy and conversion to open surgery can be predicted preoperatively based on number of previous attacks of cholecystitis, WBC count, Gall bladder wall thickness and Pericholecystic collection. PMID:26816942

  18. Laparoscopic pancreatic surgery for benign and malignant disease.

    PubMed

    de Rooij, Thijs; Klompmaker, Sjors; Abu Hilal, Mohammad; Kendrick, Michael L; Busch, Olivier R; Besselink, Marc G

    2016-04-01

    Laparoscopic surgery for benign and malignant pancreatic lesions has slowly been gaining acceptance over the past decade and is being introduced in many centres. Some studies suggest that this approach is equivalent to or better than open surgery, but randomized data are needed to assess outcomes. In this Review, we aim to provide a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in laparoscopic pancreatic surgery by aggregating high-quality published evidence. Various aspects, including the benefits, limitations, oncological efficacy, learning curve and latest innovations, are discussed. The focus is on laparoscopic Whipple procedure and laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for both benign and malignant disease, but robot-assisted surgery is also addressed. Surgical and oncological outcomes are discussed as well as quality of life parameters and the cost efficiency of laparoscopic pancreatic surgery. We have also included decision-aid algorithms based on the literature and our own expertise; these algorithms can assist in the decision to perform a laparoscopic or open procedure. PMID:26882881

  19. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for biliary tract disease

    PubMed Central

    Chuang, Shu-Hung; Lin, Chih-Sheng

    2016-01-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), or laparoendoscopic single-site surgery, has been employed in various fields to minimize traumatic effects over the last two decades. Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has been the most frequently studied SILS to date. Hundreds of studies on SILC have failed to present conclusive results. Most randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been small in scale and have been conducted under ideal operative conditions. The role of SILC in complicated scenarios remains uncertain. As common bile duct exploration (CBDE) methods have been used for more than one hundred years, laparoscopic CBDE (LCBDE) has emerged as an effective, demanding, and infrequent technique employed during the laparoscopic era. Likewise, laparoscopic biliary-enteric anastomosis is difficult to carry out, with only a few studies have been published on the approach. The application of SILS to CBDE and biliary-enteric anastomosis is extremely rare, and such innovative procedures are only carried out by a number of specialized groups across the globe. Herein we present a thorough and detailed analysis of SILC in terms of operative techniques, training and learning curves, safety and efficacy levels, recovery trends, and costs by reviewing RCTs conducted over the past three years and two recently updated meta-analyses. All existing literature on single-incision LCBDE and single-incision laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy has been reviewed to describe these two demanding techniques. PMID:26811621

  20. Fascial Repair of Laparoscopic Ports with Allis-Hemostat Technique.

    PubMed

    Tavassoli, Alireza; Bagheri, Reza; Feizzadeh, Behzad; Tavassoli, Fatemeh; Barekati, Neusha

    2015-12-01

    Port site hernias are one of the most serious complications associated with laparoscopic surgery. In this study, we present a simple and reliable method for port site closure in laparoscopic surgery. From 2005 to 2011, 500 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery were enrolled for the study. They were evaluated considering age, sex, indication of laparoscopic surgery, and early and late complications of port site and were followed up at least for 1year after the surgery. In our study, 180 males and 320 females with mean age of 36years were enrolled. The most common indication for laparoscopic surgery was cholecystectomy in 320 patients (64%). There were no early or late complications of port site after surgery. Our method is a new modification of the procedure presented by Spalding. Using Allis forceps and putting it under the fascia seems to be a more suitable technique which facilitates the laparoscopic port repair. We found it to be extremely safe, simple, and easy to teach. PMID:26730002

  1. A laparoscopic surgical skills assessment tool for veterinarians.

    PubMed

    Fransson, Boel A; Ragle, Claude A; Bryan, Margaret E

    2010-01-01

    Our aim in this study was to validate a test of laparoscopic surgical performance by determining the relation of scores from an objective structured assessment of technical skills performed in a canine abdominal model to experience and basic laparoscopic skills. The number of years the participants had performed rigid video-endoscopic procedures (VEP), using triangulation skills, correlated positively with both evaluators' total surgical performance scores for all three evaluation methods: global rating scale, visual analog scale (VAS) rating of overall performance, and operative component rating scale (OCRS). Experience of VEP without triangulation skills (i.e., flexible endoscopy, otoscopy) or video game experience did not correlate with surgical performance. A highly validated basic laparoscopic skills assessment (McGill University inanimate system for training and evaluation of laparoscopic skills, or MISTELS) score was strongly correlated with the VAS score for surgical performance and OCRS scores. Inter-rater reliability was high for the VAS and OCRS evaluation methods, and scores from the detailed OCRS method did not differ between evaluators. In conclusion, the surgical performance test correlated with VEP triangulation experience and basic laparoscopic skills. This type of test needs to be evaluated in a larger sample population including higher numbers of veterinary laparoscopic surgeons for further validation. PMID:20847341

  2. Single-Site Nissen Fundoplication Versus Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication

    PubMed Central

    Sharp, Nicole E.; Vassaur, John

    2014-01-01

    Background: Advances in minimally invasive surgery have led to the emergence of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS). The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of SILS Nissen fundoplication and compare its outcomes with traditional laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Methods: This is a retrospective study of 33 patients who underwent Nissen fundoplication between January 2009 and September 2010. Results: There were 15 SILS and 18 traditional laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication procedures performed. The mean operative time was 129 and 182 minutes in the traditional laparoscopic and single-incision groups, respectively (P = .019). There were no conversions in the traditional laparoscopic group, whereas 6 of the 15 patients in the SILS group required conversion by insertion of 2 to 4 additional ports (P = .0004). At short-term follow-up, recurrence rates were similar between both groups. To date, there have been no reoperations. Conclusions: SILS Nissen fundoplication is both safe and feasible. Short-term outcomes are comparable with standard laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Challenges related to the single-incision Nissen fundoplication include overcoming the lengthy learning curve and decreasing the need for additional trocars. PMID:25392613

  3. Laparoscopic surgery -- a revolution in the field of gynecology.

    PubMed

    Anand, A

    1994-07-15

    Minimally invasive surgery is performed through a key hole incision using a laparoscope. Even though laparoscopy can be used to perform gynecologic surgery, most practicing gynecologists in India do not yet know how to perform laparoscopic surgery. A well-known endoscopic surgeon from Bombay, Dr. Prashant Mangeshkar, has conducted a workshop in Delhi to generate awareness among physicians in advanced gynecological laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery allows physicians to make a diagnosis, prognosis, and to decide on therapy at the same time. It provides cosmetic benefits to the patient (i.e., reduced incision size 5-100 mm vs. 6-10 cm for laparotomy). Laparoscopic surgery also causes less damage to the abdominal wall, reduces pain, and decreases blood loss. Other advantages include shorter hospitalization, more rapid convalescence and healing, and quick return to work. Postoperative complications (e.g., hematoma, infection) are minimized with laparoscopy. Since it is a closed operation, laparoscopic surgery preserves the moist conditions of the abdomen, which in turn reduces the risk of adhesion formation. Now that minimally invasive surgery has arrived, patients will ask for this type of surgery. PMID:12179175

  4. Histopathology findings in patients presenting with menorrhagia: A study of 100 hysterectomy specimen

    PubMed Central

    Sawke, Nilima G.; Sawke, Gopal Krishna; Jain, Hanisha

    2015-01-01

    Background: Menorrhagia, by definition, is heavy cyclical blood loss in excess of 80 ml/month of menstrual period lasting longer than 7 days. There are many possible causes of heavy menstrual bleeding which include hormonal imbalance, fibroids, miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, nonhormonal intrauterine device, adenomyosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and rarely uterine, ovarian, or cervical cancer. Treatment depends on the causes of the menorrhagia. Hysterectomy is one of the several surgical procedures as definitive treatment. Objective: To determine the histopathologic spectrum of lesions associated with menorrhagia in different age groups. Study Design: This prospective descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Pathology, People's College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal. During the study period, 100 hysterectomy specimens were taken which were performed for the treatment of menorrhagia. Patients with menorrhagia in the age group of 30-50 years were selected after detailed history and fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Result: In our study, it was observed that maximum number of cases were in the age group of 41-50 years (n = 35) followed by the age group of 31-40 (n = 30). Out of 100 cases, 31% cases (n = 31) showed adenomyosis followed by leiomyomas 25% (n = 25), endometrial hyperplasia 23% (n = 23), and endometrial polyp 4% (n = 4). 11% cases (n = 11) showed dual pathology consisting of both adenomyosis and endometrial hyperplasia and 6% cases (n = 6) of leiomyoma with adenomyosis. Conclusion: Uterine adenomyosis and leiomyoma are the most common benign conditions found in hysterectomy specimens with peak incidence at 31-50 years. Patients having menorrhagia above 40 years should be screened for any endometrial pathology. Histopathology is mandatory for confirming diagnosis and the key to effective therapy and optimal outcome.

  5. The effect of increased experience on complications in robotic hysterectomy for malignant and benign gynecological disease.

    PubMed

    Lnnerfors, Celine; Reynisson, Petur; Geppert, Barbara; Persson, Jan

    2015-12-01

    The study objective was to assess the effect of increased experience on complications in robotic hysterectomy for malignant and benign gynecological disease. This is a retrospective cohort study. It is a Canadian Task Force classification II-2 study conducted at the University Hospital, Sweden. The patients were 949 women planned for robotic hysterectomy for malignant (75%) and benign (25%) gynecological disease between October 2005 and December 2013. They were continuously evaluated for the rate of intraoperative and postoperative complications up to 1-year post-surgery, the latter according to Clavien-Dindo classification following the introduction of robotic surgery with special awareness of complications possibly related to robot-specific risk factors, the description of refinement of practice and assessment of the effect of these measures. The rate of intraoperative complications, the overall rate of complications and the rate of ?grade 3 complications decreased from the first to the last time period (4.8 vs 2.6%, p=0.037, 34 vs 19%, p=0.003 and 13.5 vs 3.2%, p=0.0003, respectively). The rate of intraoperative complications and the rate of postoperative complications possibly related to robot-specific risk factors was reduced from the first to the last time period (3.8 vs 0.6%, p=0.028 and 7.7 vs 1.5%, p=0.003, respectively). In patients undergoing robotic hysterectomy for malignant and benign gynecological disease intraoperative and postoperative complications and complications possibly related to the robotic approach diminish with training, experience and refinement of practice. PMID:26530844

  6. Risk factors for urinary retention after vaginal hysterectomy for pelvic organ prolapse

    PubMed Central

    Chong, Chul; Kim, Hye Sung; Suh, Dong Hoon

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the risk factors for postoperative urinary retention in women who underwent vaginal hysterectomy for symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse. Methods The medical records of 221 women who underwent vaginal hysterectomy with anterior and posterior colporrhapy were reviewed. Urinary retention after catheter removal was defined as the presence of at least one of the following three conditions: 1) failure of first voiding trial necessitating catheterization, 2) first residual urine volume after self-voiding ≥150 mL, and 3) Foley catheter re-insertion. Results Urinary retention occurred in 60 women (27.1%). Multivariate and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that age (>63 years) and early postoperative day of catheter removal (day 1) was independent predictor for postoperative urinary retention. The incidence of urinary retention was significantly higher in women who removed indwelling catheter at day 1 (35.2%) than those at day 2 (12.0%, P=0.024), or day 3 (21.3%, P=0.044), but was similar to those at day 4 (25.0%, P=0.420). In women ≤63 years, urinary retention rate was not associated with the time of catheter removal after surgery; however, in women >63 years, the rate was significantly higher in day 1 removal group than day 2 to 4 removal group. Conclusion Age and postoperative day of catheter removal appear to be associated with postoperative urinary retention in women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy for pelvic organ prolapse. Keeping urinary catheter in situ at least for one day after vaginal prolapse surgery could be recommended, especially, in women older than 63 years.

  7. Tubal sterilisation, hysterectomy and decreased risk of ovarian cancer. Survey of Women's Health Study Group.

    PubMed

    Green, A; Purdie, D; Bain, C; Siskind, V; Russell, P; Quinn, M; Ward, B

    1997-06-11

    We have examined the effect of tubal sterilisation and hysterectomy on risk of ovarian cancer in a large case-control study in eastern Australia involving 824 women aged 18-79 years, diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer between 1990 and 1993, and 855 controls randomly selected from the electoral roll. Relative risks for ovarian cancer were estimated using multiple categorical regression to adjust for age, parity, oral contraceptive use and other risk factors. Tubal sterilisation was associated with a 39% reduction in risk of ovarian cancer (RR 0.61, 95% CI 0.46-0.85) and hysterectomy with a 36% reduction (RR 0.64, 95% CI 0.48-0.85). Risk remained low 25 years after surgery and was reduced irrespective of sterilisation technique, and estimates were similar among various types of epithelial ovarian cancer. The greatest reduction (74%) was observed among women with primary peritoneal tumours. Pelvic infection and use of vaginal sprays or contraceptive foams were not related to ovarian cancer, while use of talc in the perineal region slightly but significantly increased risk among women with patent fallopian tubes. Reportedly heavy or painful menses, perhaps associated with retrograde flow, were associated with ovarian cancer, and reduction in risk of disease after hysterectomy was greatest among women who had heavy periods. Our findings support the theory that contaminants from the vagina, such as talc, and from the uterus, such as endometrium, gain access to the peritoneal cavity through patent fallopian tubes and may enhance the malignant transformation of ovarian surface epithelium. Surgical tubal occlusion may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer by preventing the access of such agents. PMID:9185694

  8. A randomized controlled trial to compare pregabalin with gabapentin for postoperative pain in abdominal hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Ghai, Anju; Gupta, Monika; Hooda, Sarla; Singla, Dinesh; Wadhera, Raman

    2011-01-01

    Background: Pregabalin is a potent ligand for alpha-2-delta subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels in the central nervous system, which exhibits potent anticonvulsant, analgesic and anxiolytic activity. The pharmacological activity of pregabalin is similar to that of gabapentin and shows possible advantages. Although it shows analgesic efficacy against neuropathic pain, very limited evidence supports its postoperative analgesic efficacy. We investigated its analgesic efficacy in patients experiencing acute pain after abdominal hysterectomy and compared it with gabapentin and placebo. Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in 90 women undergoing abdominal hysterectomy who were anaesthetized in a standardized fashion. Patients received 300 mg pregabalin, 900 mg gabapentin or placebo, 12 hours prior to surgery. Postoperative analgesia was administered at visual analogue scale (VAS) ?3. The primary outcome was analgesic consumption over 24 hours and patients were followed for pain scores, time to rescue analgesia and side effects as secondary outcomes. Results: The diclofenac consumption was statistically significant between pregabalin and control groups, and gabapentin and control groups; however, pregabalin and gabapentin groups were comparable. Moreover, the consumption of tramadol was statistically significant among all the groups. Patients in pregabalin and gabapentin groups had lower pain scores in the initial hour of recovery. However, pain scores were subsequently similar in all the groups. Time to first request for analgesia was longer in pregabalin group followed by gabapentin and control groups. Conclusion: A single dose of 300 mg pregabalin given 12 hours prior to surgery is superior to 900 mg gabapentin and placebo after abdominal hysterectomy. Both the drugs are better than placebo. PMID:21957402

  9. [Nonpalpable testes: short, middle and long-term results with the use of an exclusively laparoscopic technique].

    PubMed

    Marijuán, V; Ibáñez, V; Mangas, L; Couselo, M; Gómez-Chacón, J; Valdés, E; Vila Carbó, J J

    2010-04-01

    Non palpable testis (NPT) has an incidence of 20% and clinical relevance derived from the possibility of malignant degeneration, fertility disfunction. Recently the development of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) allowed more accurate diagnosis and has become a new therapeutic tool. We carried out a retrospective study that included all the patients who underwent laparoscopic orchidopexy between 1998 and 2008. 156 patients were reviewed, which represent 179 testis units (TU). In 65 occasions the testis was placed in the internal inguinal orifice and in 68 occasions the testis was purely intraabdominal. Testicular atrophy was evidenced in 32 cases (7%). Laparoscopic orchidopexy was carried out in 152 TUs except in those that developed agenesia or atrophy-. A prothesis was placed after removing the remaining testis. 18 cases required a FowlerStephens. Inmediate postoperative complications were oedema (18 cases) and escrotal hematoma (9 cases). Testicular atrophy appeared in 12 cases after descent and in 3 cases after the first stage of the FowlerStephens. In 8 cases it was necessary to proceed to a second descent because of ascent after surgery. Laparoscopic orchidopexy has proved to be an efficient technique for the management of NPT which unifies the advantages of MIS and the outcomes of the conventional opened approach. PMID:21298912

  10. Single-site Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery Provides Similar Clinical Outcomes Compared to Standard Laparoscopic Surgery: An Analysis of 626 Patients

    PubMed Central

    Sangster, William; Messaris, Evangelos; Berg, Arthur S.; Stewart, David B.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Compared to standard laparoscopy, single-site laparoscopic colorectal surgerymay potentially offer advantages by creating fewer surgical incisions and providing a multi-functional trocar. Previous comparisons, however, have been limited by small sample sizes and selection bias. OBJECTIVE To compare 60-day outcomes between standard laparoscopic and single-site laparoscopic colorectal surgery patients undergoing elective and urgent surgeries. DESIGN This was an unselected retrospective cohort study comparing patients who underwent elective and unplanned standard laparoscopic or single-site laparoscopic colorectal resections for benign and malignant disease between 2008 and 2014. Outcomes were compared using univariate analyses. SETTING This study was conducted at a single institution. PATIENTS A total of 626 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Morbidity and mortality within 60 postoperative days. RESULTS 318 (51%) and 308 (49%) patients underwent standard laparoscopic and single-site laparoscopic procedures, respectively. No significant difference was noted in mean operative time (Standard laparoscopy 182.1 ± 81.3 vs. Single-site laparoscopy 177±86.5, p=0.30) and postoperative length of stay (Standard laparoscopy 4.8±3.4 vs. Single-site laparoscopy 5.5 ± 6.9, p=0.14). Conversions to laparotomy and 60-day readmissions were also similar for both cohorts across all procedures performed. A significant difference was identified in the number of patients who developed postoperative complications (Standard laparoscopy 19.2% vs. Single-site laparoscopy 10.7%, p=0.004), especially with respect to surgical-site infections (Standard laparoscopy 11.3% vs. Single-site laparoscopy 5.8%, p=0.02). LIMITATIONS This was a retrospective, single institution study. CONCLUSIONS Single-site laparoscopic colorectal surgery demonstrates similar results to standard laparoscopic colorectal surgery in regards to operative time, length of stay and readmissions. Single-site laparoscopic colorectal surgery may provide advantages in limiting the development of certain complications such as superficial surgical-site infections. PMID:26252848

  11. Bilateral Ureteral Obstruction and Acute Renal Failure in Spite of Prior Ureteral Catheterization in Radical Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Fujimura, Masaaki; Sekita, Nobuyuki; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Sato, Hiroaki; Suzuki, Hiroyoshi; Mikami, Kazuo

    2015-01-01

    We present an extremely rare case of acute renal failure following radical hysterectomy although we inserted ureteral catheter bilaterally. A 76-year old female received bilateral ureteral catheterization prior to operation. Just after operation oliguria was admitted and serum creatinine level increased to 3.6mg/dL. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed bilateral hydronephrosis. From soon after exchange to double J catheter large amount of urine was collected and the level of creatinine normalized 2days later. The shape of J catheter may be more effective than open-end catheter because it has multiple side hole and can ensure urinary drainage.

  12. Transmural penetration of sigmoid colon and rectum by retained surgical sponge after hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Shin, Woo Young; Im, Chan Hyuk; Choi, Sun Keun; Choe, Yun-Mee; Kim, Kyung Rae

    2