Objective Laparoscopic vaginal vault closure with conventional straight instruments is the final barrier to single-port access total laparoscopic hysterectomy (SPA-TLH). The aim of this study is to find out the safer, easier, simpler, faster, and even cheaper way to overcome it. Methods Vaginal vault suturing techniques of 152 consecutive single-port access total laparoscopic hysterectomy cases performed by the author in Gangnam CHA Hospital, CHA University from October 1, 2003 to June 30, 2012, were retrospectively analysed with medical records and DVDs. Results Of 152 patients who were attempted SPA-TLH, 119 patients (78%) were finished their operations without conversion to multi-port laparoscopy or laparotomy. Of women with successful SPA-TLH, 8 cases (7%) were closed their vaginal vaults vaginally (median, 20 minutes; range, 15-44 minutes), and 111 cases (93%) laparoscopically (median, 44 minutes; range, 13-56 minutes). Laparoscopic vault closure techniques were continuous suture (4 cases, 3%; median, 36 minutes; range, 30-45 minutes), interrupted sutures using knot-pusher (7 cases, 6%; median, 52 minutes; range, 48-56 minutes) Endo Stitch suture (2 cases, 2%; median, 32 minutes; range, 13-50 minutes), continuous vault closure using percutaneous sling sutures (PCSS) (92 cases, 77%; median, 40 minutes; range, 19-56 minutes), and continuous vault closure without PCSS (6 cases, 5%; median, 23 minutes; range, 16-31 minutes). Conclusion Laparoscopic vault closure using PCSS in SPA-TLH only with conventional straight instruments is the best way to overcome the barrier and the short-cut to shorten the learning curve to date.
Park, Daehyun; Kim, Juyoung; Jun, Hye Sun; Jeong, Hyangjin
Purpose To evaluate the feasibility, safety and perioperative outcome of single-incision laparoscopic hysterectomy (SILH) using conventional\\u000a laparoscopic instruments for treatment of patients with symptomatic leiomyoma and\\/or adenomyosis.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods A retrospective study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2) was carried out at a tertiary referral university hospital\\u000a from August 2009 to January 2010. Women diagnosed with leiomyoma\\/adenomyosis and scheduled to undergo SILH were enrolled.
Chailert Phongnarisorn; Orawee Chinthakanan
Twenty years after the first description of vaginal hysterectomy with laparoscopic assistance by Kurt Semm in 1984 (1), and 16 years after the publication of the so-called laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) by Harry Reich in 1989 (2), it is time to review and evaluate the real benefits of laparoscopic hysterectomy. Although laparoscopic surgery is well accepted by gynaecologists worldwide for the treatment of certain gynaecological conditions, laparoscopic hysterectomy in Germany, and probably worldwide, is still only performed by a few specialists. Highly skilled surgical techniques, longer operating time and expensive technology are suggested to be the deterring factors. Laparoscopic hysterectomy, in its different forms, is an attractive and safe procedure for the management of benign gynaecological conditions and many authorities recommend its use on a larger extent. On the other hand, in our opinion, the use of laparoscopic hysterectomy for oncological indications is still controversial. Extensive experience of over 15 years, of the first author, in practising and teaching various forms laparoscopic hysterectomy, namely, laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH), classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy (CISH) and laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH), has led us to the firm conclusion that these techniques are advantageous to patients if performed for the appropriate indication. In particular, subtotal or supracervical hysterectomy, with the cervix remaining in its place, is associated with fewer complications and a very favourable outcome for the patient. Radical laparoscopic vaginal hysterectomy (RLVH), the last variant in our exposé, is only successful in an expert's hands. The surgical techniques of these varieties of laparoscopic hysterectomies will be described and illustrated in detail in this paper. PMID:16754157
Mettler, L; Ahmed-Ebbiary, N; Schollmeyer, T
We compare the surgical results of 60 women undergoing laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) and 41 having total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) under the indications of uterine fibroids or adenomyosis. With similar specimen weight, TLH required longer surgery duration (140.4 vs. 115.1 min; p < 0.05) than LAVH. Among women with uteri weighing ?200 g, TLH resulted in relatively smaller blood
Cheng Yu Long; Jia Hong Fang; Wei Chin Chen; Jinu Huang Su; Shih Cheng Hsu
Objective: To compare morbidity and mortality related to laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LASH) and laparoscopic total hysterectomy (LTH). Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 227 patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign gynaecological diseases between January 2004 and March 2008. Before January 2006, we performed mainly LASH (n: 122), and from January 2006 we performed LTH (n: 105). We reviewed
Ahmed Mousa; Afsoon Zarei; Togas Tulandi; Montreal QC
Background: The aim of this study was to compare peri-operative results of laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) with those of laparoscopic total hysterectomy (TLH). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Department of Gynecology at a teaching hospital. A group of 157 patients who underwent TLH was compared with a group of 157 patients who underwent LSH with or without bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO). Both groups had similar baseline characteristics and comparable surgical indications. Results: We reviewed our 7-year experience with laparoscopic hysterectomies performed at our department between October 2000 and November 2007. The similarities between patient characteristics were tested by using Wilcoxon Rank Sum Statistics. Patient and surgery characteristics as well as surgery outcomes were analyzed with descriptive statistics showing medians and 95% CIs. Women who underwent LSH had a shorter operation time compared with women in the TLH group (100 min vs. 110 min). Major complication rates were higher in the TLH group than in the LSH group (4.5% vs. 1.3%). Minor complication rates were 13.3% in the TLH group compared with 13.4% in the LSH group. Conclusions: Our data and experience provide specific information about the perioperative performance of LSH compared with TLH. In our experience, LSH proved to be a valid alternative to TLH in the absence of specific indications for TLH. Adequate counseling concerning the risk of cyclical bleeding and reoperation is mandatory.
De Paoli, Sania; Fasolino, Luigi; Fasolino, Antonio
Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is an alternative to conventional multiport laparoscopy. Single-access laparoscopy using a transumbilical port affords maximum cosmetic benefits because the surgical incision is hidden in the umbilicus. The advantages of single-access laparoscopic surgery may include less bleeding, infection, and hernia formation and better cosmetic outcome and less pain. The disadvantages and limitations include longer surgery time, difficulty in learning the technique, and the need for specialized instruments. Ongoing refinement of the surgical technique and instrumentation is likely to expand its role in gynecologic surgery in the future. We perform single-incision total laparoscopic hysterectomy using three ports in the single transumbilical incision.
Sinha, Rakesh; Sundaram, Meenakshi; Mahajan, Chaitali; Raje, Shweta; Kadam, Pratima; Rao, Gayatri; Shitut, Prachi
Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is an alternative to conventional multiport laparoscopy. Single-access laparoscopy using a transumbilical port affords maximum cosmetic benefits because the surgical incision is hidden in the umbilicus. The advantages of single-access laparoscopic surgery may include less bleeding, infection, and hernia formation and better cosmetic outcome and less pain. The disadvantages and limitations include longer surgery time, difficulty in learning the technique, and the need for specialized instruments. Ongoing refinement of the surgical technique and instrumentation is likely to expand its role in gynecologic surgery in the future. We perform single-incision total laparoscopic hysterectomy using three ports in the single transumbilical incision. PMID:21197248
Sinha, Rakesh; Sundaram, Meenakshi; Mahajan, Chaitali; Raje, Shweta; Kadam, Pratima; Rao, Gayatri; Shitut, Prachi
The most important step in radical hysterectomy is freeing the ureter from the anterior parametrium. In this paper we describe our modified technique for freeing the ureter from the anterior parametrium for a Piver II–III radical hysterectomy by means of pure laparoscopic surgery. Our series consists of seventeen patients undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy. In evaluating the technique, we considered its feasibility,
Eugenio Volpi; Annamaria Ferrero; Alice Peroglio Carus; Elena Jacomuzzi; Piero Sismondi
At present, there are only few data on the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH). Up till now, it has been unclear\\u000a whether there is a difference in number of complications among the subcategories of laparoscopic total hysterectomy and laparoscopic\\u000a subtotal hysterectomy (LSH). Therefore, we have performed a retrospective analysis to evaluate the peri- and postoperative\\u000a outcomes in women undergoing
J. S. van Evert; J. M. J. Smeenk; F. P. H. L. J. Dijkhuizen; J. H. de Kruif; K. B. Kluivers
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate short-term results of laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy with those of total abdominal hysterectomy in a prospective, randomized, multicenter study. Study Design: One hundred sixteen patients referred for abdominal hysterectomy were randomized to either laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (58 patients) or abdominal hysterectomy (58 patients). Inclusion criteria were one or more of
Riccardo Marana; Mauro Busacca; Errico Zupi; Nicola Garcea; Pierluigi Paparella; Giovan Fiore Catalano
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to quantify and compare the metabolic and inflammatory changes after laparoscopic and abdominal hysterectomy.STUDY DESIGN: Forty-four patients with no major medical disease requiring abdominal hysterectomy for benign disorders were randomly assigned to have laparoscopic hysterectomy (n = 20) and abdominal hysterectomy (n = 24). Venous blood and 24-hour urine samples were collected the day before and
Pong Mo Yuen; Tony W. L. Mak; So Fan Yim; Warwick D. Ngan Kee; Christopher W. K. Lam; Michael S. Rogers; Allan M. Z. Chang
ObjectiveTo compare surgical morbidity and clinical–pathologic factors for patients with endometrial cancer (EC) undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH) versus total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) with aortic and\\/or pelvic lymphadenectomy (LA).
Sara A. DeNardis; Robert W. Holloway; Glenn E. Bigsby; Dirk P. Pikaart; Sarfraz Ahmad; Neil J. Finkler
In recent decades, interest in laparoscopic gynecological practice increase. This technic applied first as a diagnostic tool in women with infertility. Subsequently starts to be used to perform surgery in small region of the fallopian tubes and ovaries, being increasingly developed and today, it is considered that any gynecological operation can be performed laparoscopically. PMID:24505638
Bechev, Bl; Kornovski, J; Kostov, I; Lazarov, I
Hysterectomy is the commonest major gynaecological operation. Laparoscopic hysterectomy now offers a means of converting an otherwise abdominal approach into a vaginal procedure. A UK district general hospital has evaluated its experience in laparoscopic hysterectomy over 9 years, starting at a point when abdominal hysterectomy was a norm in the UK. Three hundred and sixty-three women underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy from January
Anil Gudi; Al Samarrai
Abstract Objective : Report of our initial experience in laparoscopic hysterectomy by a solo surgeon using a robotic camera system with three-dimensional visualisation. Material and methods : This novel device (Einstein Vision®, B. Braun, Aesculap AG, Tuttlingen, Germany) (EV) was used for laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LASH) performed by one surgeon. Demographic data, clinical and surgical parameters were evaluated. Our first 22 cases, performed between June and November 2012, were compared with a cohort of 22 age-matched controls who underwent two-dimensional LASH performed by the same surgeon with a second surgeon assisting. Results : Compared to standard two-dimensional laparoscopic hysterectomy, there were no significant differences regarding duration of surgery, hospital stay, blood loss or incidence of complications. The number of trocars used was significantly higher in the control group (p <.0001). All hysterectomies in the treatment group were performed without assistance of a second physician. Conclusion : Robot-assisted solo surgery laparoscopic hysterectomy is a feasible and safe procedure. Duration of surgery, hospital stay, blood loss, and complication rates are comparable to a conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy. PMID:24564722
Tuschy, Benjamin; Berlit, Sebastian; Brade, Joachim; Sütterlin, Marc; Hornemann, Amadeus
Objective To compare the effects of laparoscopic hysterectomy and abdominal hysterectomy in the abdominal trial, and laparoscopic hysterectomy and vaginal hysterectomy in the vaginal trial. Design Two parallel, multicentre, randomised trials. Setting 28 UK centres and two South African centres. Participants 1380 women were recruited; 1346 had surgery; 937 were followed up at one year. Primary outcome Rate of major
Ray Garry; Jayne Fountain; Su Mason; Vicky Napp; Julia Brown; Jeremy Hawe; Richard Clayton; Jason Abbott; Graham Phillips; Mark Whittaker; Richard Lilford; Stephen Bridgman
This study directly compares total intrafascial laparoscopic (TAIL™) hysterectomy with vaginal (VH) and abdominal (AH) hysterectomy\\u000a with regard to safety, operating time and time of convalescence. The study is a prospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force\\u000a classification II-2), including data from patients of a single university-affiliated teaching institution, admitted between\\u000a 1997 and 2008 for hysterectomy due to benign uterus pathology.
Michael K. Hohl; Nik Hauser
In the present study, women’s preferences on advantages and disadvantages of laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) and abdominal\\u000a hysterectomy (AH) have been studied. Patients’ preferences were evaluated in individual, structured interviews in women scheduled\\u000a for hysterectomy and questionnaires in nurses. Forty-three patients and 39 nurses were included. After general information,\\u000a 84% of patients and 74% of nurses preferred LH over AH. This
Kirsten B. Kluivers; Brent C. Opmeer; Peggy M. Geomini; Marlies Y. Bongers; Mark E. Vierhout; Gérard L. Bremer; Ben W. J. Mol
Objective: Introduction of laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) was evaluated for its usefulness to replace abdominal\\u000a hysterectomy in fibroids.Study design: A total of 240 women with a mean age of 46.7 years underwent hysterectomy over a period of one year. The technique of LAVH\\u000a was introduced starting in the second quarter of the study period. Clinical data of 60 patients
A. Schneider; A. Merker; C. Martin; W. Michels; N. Krause
Introduction Due to technical improvements and growing experience, hysterectomies are performed laparoscopically more and more frequently.\\u000a We analyzed 43 total laparoscopic hysterectomies (TLH) of the years 2005 and 2006 and compared them with 87 vaginal (VH) and\\u000a 103 abdominal hysterectomies (AH).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Patients’ original files and surgery reports of the TLHs, VHs and AHs were analyzed retrospectively for the indication of\\u000a surgery,
Christian Schindlbeck; Konstanze Klauser; Darius Dian; Wolfgang Janni; Klaus Friese
Purpose Use of robotics in oncologic surgery is increasing; however, reports of safety and efficacy are from highly experienced surgeons and centers. We performed a population-based analysis to compare laparoscopic hysterectomy and robotic hysterectomy for endometrial cancer. Patients and Methods The Perspective database was used to identify women who underwent a minimally invasive hysterectomy for endometrial cancer from 2008 to 2010. Morbidity, mortality, and cost were evaluated using multivariable logistic and linear regression models. Results We identified 2,464 women, including 1,027 (41.7%) who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy and 1,437 (58.3%) who underwent robotic hysterectomy. Women treated at larger hospitals, nonteaching hospitals, and centers outside of the northeast were more likely to undergo a robotic hysterectomy procedure, whereas black women, those without insurance, and women in rural areas were less likely to undergo a robotic hysterectomy procedure (P < .05 for all). The overall complication rate was 9.8% for laparoscopic hysterectomy versus 8.1% for robotic hysterectomy (P = .13). The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for any morbidity for robotic hysterectomy was 0.76 (95% CI, 0.56 to 1.03). After adjusting for patient, surgeon, and hospital characteristics, there were no significant differences in the rates of intraoperative complications (OR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.42 to 1.08), surgical site complications (OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 0.81 to 2.73), medical complications (OR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.40 to 1.01), or prolonged hospitalization (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.64 to 1.14) between the procedures. The mean cost for robotic hysterectomy was $10,618 versus $8,996 for laparoscopic hysterectomy (P < .001). In a multivariable model, robotic hysterectomy was significantly more costly ($1,291; 95% CI, $985 to $1,597). Conclusion Despite claims of decreased complications with robotic hysterectomy, we found similar morbidity but increased cost compared with laparoscopic hysterectomy. Comparative long-term efficacy data are needed to justify its widespread use.
Wright, Jason D.; Burke, William M.; Wilde, Elizabeth T.; Lewin, Sharyn N.; Charles, Abigail S.; Kim, Jin Hee; Goldman, Noah; Neugut, Alfred I.; Herzog, Thomas J.; Hershman, Dawn L.
Background Laparoscopic surgery is associated with a more favorable clinical outcome than that of conventional open surgery. This might be related to the magnitude of the tissue trauma. The aim of the present study was to examine the differences of the neuroendocrine and inflammatory responses between the two surgical techniques. Methods Twenty-four patients with no major medical disease were randomly assigned to undergo laparoscopic (n = 13) or abdominal hysterectomy (n = 11). Venous blood samples were collected and we measured the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), CRP and cortisol at the time before and after skin incision, at the end of peritoneum closure and at 1 h and 24 h after operation. Results The laparoscopic hysterectomy group demonstrated less of an inflammatory response in terms of the serum IL-6 and CRP responses than did the abdominal hysterectomy group, and the laparoscopic hysterectomy group had a shorter hospital stay (P < 0.05). The peak serum IL-6 (P < 0.05) and CRP concentrations were significantly less increased in the laparoscopic group as compared with that of the abdominal hysterectomy group (P < 0.05), while the serum cortisol concentration showed a similar time course and changes and there were no significant difference between the groups. The response of interleukin-6 showed a significant correlation with the response of CRP (r = 0.796; P < 0.05). Conclusions The laparoscopic surgical procedure leaves the endocrine metabolic response largely unaltered as compared with that of open abdominal hysterectomy, but it reduces the inflammatory response as measured by the IL-6 and CRP levels.
Kim, Tae Kwane
Comparison of minimally invasive surgical approaches for hysterectomy at a community hospital: robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy, laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy and laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy
The study reported here compares outcomes of three approaches to minimally invasive hysterectomy for benign indications, namely, robotic-assisted laparoscopic (RALH), laparoscopic-assisted vaginal (LAVH) and laparoscopic supracervical (LSH) hysterectomy. The total patient cohort comprised the first 237 patients undergoing robotic surgeries at our hospital between August 2007 and June 2009; the last 100 patients undergoing LAVH by the same surgeons between July 2006 and February 2008 and 165 patients undergoing LAVHs performed by nine surgeons between January 2008 and June 2009; 87 patients undergoing LSH by the same nine surgeons between January 2008 and June 2009. Among the RALH patients were cases of greater complexity: (1) higher prevalence of prior abdominopelvic surgery than that found among LAVH patients; (2) an increased number of procedures for endometriosis and pelvic reconstruction. Uterine weights also were greater in RALH patients [207.4 vs. 149.6 (LAVH; P < 0.001) and 141.1 g (LSH; P = 0.005)]. Despite case complexity, operative time was significantly lower in RALH than in LAVH (89.9 vs. 124.8 min, P < 0.001) and similar to that in LSH (89.6 min). Estimated blood loss was greater in LAVH (167.9 ml) than in RALH (59.0 ml, P < 0.001) or LSH (65.7 ml, P < 0.001). Length of hospital stay was shorter for RALH than for LAVH or LSH. Conversion and complication rates were low and similar across procedures. Multivariable regression indicated that LAVH, obesity, uterine weight ?250 g and older age predicted significantly longer operative time. The learning curve for RALH demonstrated improved operative time over the case series. Our findings show the benefits of RALH over LAVH. Outcomes in RALH can be as good as or better than those in LSH, suggesting the latter should be the choice primarily for women desiring cervix-sparing surgery.
Giep, Hoang N.; Hubert, Helen B.
The fundamental idea is to have all of the laparoscopic working ports entering the abdominal wall through the same incision. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is an alternative to conventional multiport laparoscopy. Single-access laparoscopy using a transumbilical port affords maximum cosmetic benefits because the surgical incision is hidden in the umbilicus and reduces morbidity of minimally invasive surgery. The advantages of single-access laparoscopic surgery may include less bleeding, infection, and hernia formation and better cosmetic outcome and less pain. The disadvantages and limitations include longer surgery time, difficulty in learning the technique, and the need for specialized instruments. This review summarizes the history of SPAL hysterectomy (single-port access laparoscopy), and emphasizes nomenclature, surgical technique, instrumentation, and perioperative outcomes. Specific gynecological applications of single-port hysterectomy to date are summarized. Using the PubMed database, the English-language literature was reviewed for the past 40 years. Keyword searches included scarless, scar free, single-port/trocar/incision, single-port access laparoscopic hysterectomy. Within the bibliography of selected references, additional sources were retrieved. The purpose of the present article was to review the development and current status of SPAL hysterectomy and highlight important advances associated with this innovative approach.
Liliana, Mereu; Alessandro, Pontis; Giada, Carri; Luca, Mencaglia
The patient presented here delivered at 32 weeks' gestation after expectant management of spontaneous preterm membrane rupture. She had an unusually located placenta accreta at the left cornu that required a hysterectomy for treatment. The type of abnormal placentation and the laparoscopic approach to her surgery were unique features of her care. PMID:23706677
Siedhoff, Matthew T; Smith, Dana M; Lippmann, Quinn K; Findley, Austin D; Steege, John F; Vora, Neeta L
Background\\/Aims: To evaluate patient satisfaction after laparoscopic supracervical (LASH) or total hysterectomy (TLH). Methods: Retrospective study of patient satisfaction after LASH or TLH. Results: We studied 40 cases of LASH and another 40 of TLH. The age of the patients, marital status, education level and employment status between the two groups were comparable. Both LASH and TLH results in improvement
Souzan Kafy; Baydaa Al-Sannan; Nadia Kabli; Togas Tulandi
To evaluate safety, feasibility and the improvement of surgical method of laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. Clinical data were prospectively collected from patients with IA2-IIA cervical cancer who underwent laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy (n1=22) and laparotomy (n2=23) in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the Subei People’s Hospital from June 2010 to August 2013. The successful rates in two groups of operation were 100%. Blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, complication rate, postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal tract and bladder function of the laparoscopy group of the laparoscopic group were all better than those of the laparotomy group, and there were significant differences (all P < 0.05). But in the laparoscopy group, the operative time was longer than the laparotomy group with statistical significance (P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the number of excised lymph nodes and the duration time of postoperative urinary catheterization between the two groups (P > 0.05). Laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection can fully meet the requirement of laparotomy. It has the properties of minor trauma and rapid recovery. The clinical efficacy is superior to laparotomy surgery. The results indicated laparoscopic is an ideal method for the treatment of early cervical cancer.
Yin, Xiang-Hua; Wang, Zhong-Qin; Yang, Shi-Zhang; Jia, Hong-Yan; Shi, Min
The objective of this study was to compare surgical outcomes for laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) with\\u000a total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) in three teaching hospitals in the Netherlands. This study is a multicenter cohort retrospective\\u000a analysis of consecutive cases (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). One hundred and four women underwent a laparoscopic\\u000a hysterectomy between March 1995 and March 2005 at
A. R. H. Twijnstra; N. A. Kianmanesh Rad; M. J. G. H. Smeets; J. F. Admiraal; F. W. Jansen
Background. The idea of laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) is to convert a potential abdominal hysterectomy to a vaginal one, thus decreasing associated morbidity and hastening recovery. We compared intraoperative and postoperative outcomes between LAVH and abdominal hysterectomy, to find out if LAVH achieves better clinical results compared with abdominal hysterectomy. Material and methods. A total of 48 women were enrolled in the study. Finally 17 patients underwent LAVH (cases) and 20 underwent abdominal hysterectomy (controls). All surgeries were performed by a set of gynecologists with more or less same level of surgical experience and expertise. Results.None of the patients in LAVH required conversion to laparotomy. Mean operating time was 30 minutes longer in LAVH group as compared to abdominal hysterectomy group (167.06 + 31.97?min versus 135.25 + 31.72 min; P < 0.05). However, the mean blood loss in LAVH was 100?mL lesser than that in abdominal hysterectomy and the difference was found to be statistically significant (248.24 + 117.79?mL versus 340.00 + 119.86?mL; P < 0.05). Another advantage of LAVH was significantly lower pain scores on second and third postoperative days. Overall complications and postoperative hospital stay were not significantly different between the two groups.
Shetty, Jyothi; Shanbhag, Asha
This study directly compares total intrafascial laparoscopic (TAIL) hysterectomy with vaginal (VH) and abdominal (AH) hysterectomy with regard to safety, operating time and time of convalescence. The study is a prospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2), including data from patients of a single university-affiliated teaching institution, admitted between 1997 and 2008 for hysterectomy due to benign uterus pathology. Patient data were collected pre-, intra- and postoperatively and complications documented using a standardised data sheet of a Swiss obstetric and gynaecological study group (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Schweizerische Frauenkliniken, Amlikon/Switzerland). Classification of complications (major complications and minor complications) for all three operation techniques, evaluation of surgeons and comparison of operation times and days of hospitalisation were analysed. 3066 patients were included in this study. 993 patients underwent AH, 642 VH and 1,431 total intrafascial hysterectomy. No statistically significant difference for the operation times comparing the three groups can be demonstrated. The mean hospital stay in the TAIL hysterectomy, VH and AH groups is 5.8 +/- 2.4, 8.8 +/- 4.0 and 10.4 +/- 3.9 days, respectively. The postoperative minor complications including infection rates are low in the TAIL hysterectomy group (3.8%) when compared with either the AH group (15.3%) or the VH group (11.2%), respectively. The total of minor complications is statistically significant lower for TAIL hysterectomy as for AH (O.R. 4.52, CI 3.25-6.31) or VH (O.R. 3.16, CI 2.16-4.62). Major haemorrhage with consecutive reoperation is observed statistically significantly more frequent in the AH group when compared to the TAIL hysterectomy group, with an O.R. of 6.13 (CI 3.05-12.62). Overall, major intra- and postoperative complications occur significant more frequently in the AH group (8.6%) when compared to the VH group (3%) and the TAIL hysterectomy group (1.8%). The incidence of major complications applying the standardised TAIL hysterectomy technique is not related to the experience of the surgeons. We conclude that a standardised intrafascial technique of total laparoscopic (TAIL) hysterectomy using an anatomically developed special uterine device is associated with a very low incidence of minor and major intra- and postoperative complications. The direct comparison of complication rates with either vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy favours the total laparoscopic technique, and therefore, this technique can be recommended as a relatively atraumatic procedure. The operation times are comparable for all three techniques without any statistically significant differences. This technique for laparoscopic hysterectomy is shown to be equally safe when applied by experienced gynaecologic surgeons or by residents in training. ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL: The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10397-010-0569-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:20700518
Hohl, Michael K; Hauser, Nik
The level of difficulty of various types of hysterectomy differs and may influence the choice of either approach. When surgeons consider one specific approach to hysterectomy as more difficult, they may be reluctant to perform this type of hysterectomy. The main objective of this study was to investigate the potential different levels of difficulty for laparoscopic and abdominal hysterectomy. Furthermore, the accuracy of estimating the level of difficulty was examined. In a randomized controlled trial between laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) and abdominal hysterectomy (AH), gynaecologists were asked to record the preoperatively estimated and postoperatively experienced level of difficulty on a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Differences between LH and AH were examined and the correlation between the estimated uterine weight on bimanual palpation and the actual uterine weight was calculated. A difference on the VAS of three points or more (?VAS???3) was considered clinically relevant. In 72 out of 76 cases, both VAS scores were recorded. LH was estimated and experienced as significantly more difficult as compared with AH. In 13 (18%) cases, ?VAS was ?3, equally distributed between LH (n?=?6) and AH (n?=?7). Eleven of these 13 cases had a positive ?VAS ?3, meaning that surgery was experienced as more difficult than it was estimated. Surgeon’s estimation of uterine size correlated well with the actual uterine weight. LH is considered as more difficult than AH, which might be a reason for its slow implementation. In a large proportion of cases, gynaecologists seem to be able to estimate the level of difficulty of hysterectomy accurately.
Spaanderman, Marc E. A.; Bongers, Marlies Y.; Vierhout, Mark E.; Kluivers, Kirsten B.
Background and Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate whether the use of barbed suture for vaginal cuff closure is associated with a decrease in postoperative vaginal bleeding compared with cuff closure with polyglactin 910 in patients who have undergone laparoscopic hysterectomy. Methods: We performed a cohort study of patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy between January 2008 and July 2012 by the minimally invasive gynecologic surgery division of the Gynecology, Obstetrics and Human Reproduction Department at Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá University Hospital, Bogotá, Colombia. Results: A total of 232 women were studied: 163 were in the polyglactin 910 group, and 69 were in the barbed suture group. The main outcome, postoperative vaginal bleeding, was documented in 53 cases (32.5%) in the polyglactin 910 group and in 13 cases (18.8%) in the barbed suture group (relative risk, 0.57; 95% confidence interval, 0.34–0.9; P = .03). No statistically significant differences were found in other postoperative outcomes, such as emergency department admission, vaginal cuff dehiscence, infectious complications, and the presence of granulation tissue. Conclusion: In this study an inverse association was observed between the use of barbed suture for vaginal cuff closure during laparoscopic hysterectomy and the presence of postoperative vaginal bleeding.
Medina, Byron Cardoso; Riano, Giovanni; Hoyos, Luis R.; Otalora, Camila
The objective of this paper was to report on a large series of laparoscopic hysterectomy in female-to-male (FTM) transsexual\\u000a patients. A retrospective study was carried out by the gender team of Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium. The patient\\u000a files of 83 consecutive cases of laparoscopic hysterectomy between April 2003 and August 2007 were reviewed and analyzed.\\u000a The average operating time
S. Weyers; S. Monstrey; P. Hoebeke; G. De Cuypere; J. Gerris
Abstract Minimally invasive hysterectomy in obese patients may be limited by laparoscopic sight on the one hand and by intraoperative complications related to reduced ventilation due to pneumoperitoneum on the other. Retractor-based laparoscopy offers an operative technique reducing anesthesia risks. We report the case of laparoscopic hysterectomy in an obese patient of short stature. Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy was performed by a hybrid approach of a retractor system exerting its effects on lifting the abdominal wall through gravity and conventional laparoscopy, thus bypassing the adverse effects of pneumoperitoneum on ventilation. PMID:24329014
Hoellen, Friederike; Rody, Achim; Ros, Andrea; Bruns, Angela; Cirkel, Christoph; Bohlmann, Michael K
Laparoscopically assisted vaginal radical vaginal hysterectomy (LAVRH), a minimally invasive technique that seems to be an attractive alternative to traditional surgery, remains unexplored in the treatment of cervical cancer. We searched Medline (1966-2013) and Scopus (2004-2013) search engines, as well as reference lists from all included studies. Ten studies were retrieved; including 6 retrospective cohort studies, 2 prospective cohort studies, 1 retrospective randomized trial, and a phase II randomized control trial. LAVRH provided equal recurrence-free rates when performed in patients with tumors not exceeding 2 cm in greatest diameter. Its main advantages seem to be less intraoperative blood loss and more radical pelvic lymphadenectomy. The primary disadvantages of the technique are a higher rate of disease-positive surgical margins, resulting in the need for adjuvant therapy, and the slow learning curve required for a surgeon to gain expertise. With use in minimally invasive surgery of newer techniques such as total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and robotic-assisted radical hysterectomy, and possible future adoption of more conservative techniques such as cervical conization with pelvic lymphadenectomy, the question remains as to whether LAVRH will be adopted by the surgical community or lost to oblivion. PMID:23850361
Pergialiotis, Vassileios; Rodolakis, Alexandros; Christakis, Dimitrios; Thomakos, Nikolaos; Vlachos, Georgios; Antsaklis, Aristides
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a temporary ureteral catheter in preventing iatrogenic ureteral damage in cervical cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical hysterectomy. All cases had confirmed diagnoses of cervical cancer preoperatively between December 2008 and December 2012 in our hospital and were in clinical stages IA2 to IIA. In total, 176 laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy procedures were performed. The 176 cases were divided into two groups: ureteral catheters were installed using cystoscopy before the operation in 86 patients (group A), and ureteral catheters were not placed in 90 patients (group B). These cases were retrospectively analyzed based on postoperative hospitalization time and intraoperative and postoperative complications. A total of 6 cases (3.41%) had ureteral injuries, and 4 of the cases (4.65%) of ureteral injuries occurred in group A. In two of these cases, urinary leaking appeared at the post-operative 8th and 9th days and at the 10th and 25th days, respectively. There were 2 cases (2.22%) of ureteral injuries in group B: 1 case of intraoperative direct injury and the other of urinary leaking, which appeared at post-operative day 21. Statistically significant differences between the two groups were observed in operating time and the incidence of hemorrhage, hematuria (including microscopic hematuria), post-operative urinary tract infection, and pain (P < 0.05). A ureteral catheter that is placed preoperatively can help to identify the ureter in laparoscopic radical hysterectomy, but does not decrease the incidence of ureteral injury. PMID:24854443
Han, L; Cao, R; Jiang, J Y; Xi, Y; Li, X C; Yu, G H
Purpose To evaluate the effects of previous abdominal surgery on the feasibility and the safety of total laparoscopic hysterectomy\\u000a (TLH).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods One hundred seventy-four consecutive patients who underwent TLH in private hospital between February 2008 and December 2009\\u000a were retrospectively reviewed. Surgical history, operation time, blood loss, transfusion, conversion to an open surgery, complications\\u000a and hospital stay were assessed in each patient.
Namiko Yada-Hashimoto; Masayo Onoue; Kana Yoshimi; Tsuyoshi Hisa; Michiko Kodama; Hirofumi Otsuka; Noriatsu Saeki; Takao Funato
Background: Telerobotic-assisted laparoscopic attempts to provide technological solutions to the inherent limitations of traditional laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study is to report the first experience of two teams concerning telerobotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign and malignant pathologies. Methods: This study included 14 patients at the University Hospital Saint Pierre of Brussels (Belgium) and 16 patients at the Cancer
F. Marchal; P. Rauch; J. Vandromme; I. Laurent; A. Lobontiu; B. Ahcel; J. L. Verhaeghe; C. Meistelman; M. Degueldre; J. P. Villemot; F. Guillemin
Abstract Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been the gold standard technique for cholecystectomy and has proven more effective than the conventional open technique. The laparoscopic technique utilizes surgical clips for cystic duct occlusion, which come with their own set of complications. With the advent of new vessel and duct sealing technology, alternative energy instruments have been explored for the occlusion of the cystic duct without the use of clips. The Harmonic(®) scalpel (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Cincinnati, OH) has become one of the more widely used instruments. In this retrospective study, 208 patients received surgical clip placement or the Harmonic scalpel was used for cystic duct occlusion. The postoperative complications were documented, and rates were calculated for outpatient follow-up, for re-admission, and specifically for the complications of a bile leak. When adjusted for the cause of bile leak (cystic duct versus common bile duct versus accessory duct), the use of the Harmonic scalpel versus clip placement had comparable rates of bile leak at 1.75% and 0.66%, respectively. The use of the Harmonic scalpel is deemed safe and comparable to clip placement at the discretion of the surgeon for cystic duct ligation. Further research with larger homogeneous studies and assessments of cost-effectiveness would further enhance the increasing use of the Harmonic scalpel in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:23231472
Wills, Edward; Crawford, George
The objective of this study was to compare outcomes of laparoscopically assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy (LARVH) vs.\\u000a abdominal radical hysterectomy (RH) for early-stage cervical cancer. This is a retrospective study of all LARVH and RH procedures\\u000a between January 2003 and June 2006 in our tertiary referral centre. Demographic, intraoperative and postoperative parameters\\u000a in both groups were compared. Fourteen women (stage
Evangelos Papacharalabous; Anil Tailor; Thumuluru Madhuri; Theo Giannopoulos; Simon Butler-Manuel
In an effort to further decrease patient postoperative scarring and discomfort, a new technique of micro-laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy is employed. Using a 2-mm lateral port, a single infraumbilical port for the power source, and a 3-mm or 5-mm suprapubic port for aid in manipulation, seven consecutive patients underwent hysterectomy without complication and had rapid return to their daily activities.
Oliver, Kari A.
ObjectivesTo provide an objective analysis of surgical performance of robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH) with lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer during the learning phase of the procedure and to assess opportunities for improvement.
Robert W. Holloway; Sarfraz Ahmad; Sara A. DeNardis; Lorna B. Peterson; Nazia Sultana; Glenn E. Bigsby IV; Dirk P. Pikaart; Neil J. Finkler
This retrospective study was conducted on cases of laparoscopic hysterectomy performed over the duration of 10 years in two\\u000a UK hospitals by the same surgeon. The aim was to evaluate the outcome and outline the factors which had an influence on the\\u000a results. The study involved 270 cases of laparoscopic hysterectomy performed between 1993 and 2004. The majority of cases\\u000a (257)
M. M. Saleh; A. A. Seoud; M. S. Zaklama
Aims: To identify the risk factors determining conversion to laparotomy during total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) for benign diseases. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 288 patients that underwent TLH during the first 2 years of performing TLH at Kang-Nam Sacred Heart Hospital. Twenty-three cases were converted to laparotomy. We compared patient characteristics, indications for hysterectomy, operation time, estimated blood
Sung-Ho Park; Hye-Yon Cho; Hong-Bae Kim
Purpose: Laparoscopic hysterectomy is associated with shorter hospital stays, less postoperative pain, and earlier resumption of activity. We analyzed predictors of access to laparoscopy and compared the outcomes of laparoscopic and open hysterectomy for stage I endometrial cancer. Methods: Using the SEER-Medicare database we examined women 65 years of age with stage I endometrial cancer who underwent hysterectomy between 1997 and 2005. The associations of patient, tumor, and physician-related factors with use of laparoscopic hysterectomy were analyzed. Surgical quality, morbidity, and survival were compared. Results: We identified 8,545 patients, including 8,018 (93.8%) who underwent abdominal hysterectomy and 527 (6.2%) who had a laparoscopic hysterectomy. Performance of laparoscopic hysterectomy increased from 3.9% in 1997 to 8.5% in 2005. More recent year of diagnosis, younger age, white race, fewer comorbidities, higher socioeconomic status, lower tumor grade and stage, and residence in a metropolitan area were associated with use of laparoscopy (P < .05 for each). Physician characteristics associated with performance of laparoscopy included training in the United States, specialization in gynecologic oncology, academic practice, and later year of graduation (P < .05 for all). Surgical site complications (odds ratio [OR] = 0.46; 95% CI, 0.30 to 0.71) and medical complications (OR = 0.67; 95% CI, 0.47 to 0.95) were less common in patients who underwent laparoscopy. The route of hysterectomy had no effect on cancer-specific survival (OR = 0.74; 95% CI, 0.38 to 1.44). Conclusion: Despite the fact that laparoscopic hysterectomy for endometrial cancer results in fewer complications, uptake has been slow.
Wright, Jason D.; Neugut, Alfred I.; Wilde, Elizabeth T.; Buono, Donna L.; Tsai, Wei-Yann; Hershman, Dawn L.
Introduction: Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) is an accepted procedure for elective splenectomy. Advancement in technology has extended the possibility of LS in massive splenomegaly [Choy et al., J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 14(4), 197–200 (2004)], trauma [Ren et al., Surg Endosc 15(3), 324 (2001); Mostafa et al., Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 12(4), 283–286 (2002)], and cirrhosis with portal hypertension [Hashizume et al., Hepatogastroenterology 49(45), 847–852 (2002)]. In a developing country, these advanced gadgets may not be always available. We performed LS using conventional and reusable instruments in a public teaching the hospital without the use of the advanced technology. The technique of LS and the outcome in these patients is reported. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing LS for various hematological disorders from 1998 to 2004 were included. Electrocoagulation, clips, and intracorporeal knotting were the techniques used for tackling short-gastric vessels and splenic pedicle. Specimen was delivered through a Pfannensteil incision. Results: A total of 26 patients underwent LS. Twenty-two (85%) of patients had spleen size more than 500 g (average weight being 942.55 g). Mean operative time was 214 min (45–390 min). The conversion rate was 11.5% (n = 3). Average duration of stay was 5.65 days (3–30 days). Accessory spleen was detected and successfully removed in two patients. One patient developed subphrenic abscess. There was no mortality. There was no recurrence of hematological disease. Conclusion: Laparoscopic splenectomy using conventional equipment and instruments is safe and effective. Advanced technology has a definite advantage but is not a deterrent to the practice of LS.
Dalvi, A. N.; Thapar, P. M.; Deshpande, A. A.; Rege, S. A.; Prabhu, R. Y.; Supe, A. N.; Kamble, R. S.
The aim of the study is to evaluate the laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) in terms of indications, uterine size, surgical procedures and their safety, intraoperative complications and blood loss, operative time, concomitant surgical procedures and postoperative period of complications. A total of 25 patients underwent LAVH between 1998 and 1993, in our surgical unit. The mean age of our patients was 44.2 years (range 36-66). The most common indication was fibromyoma. The mean size of the removed uterus was 11.5 cm. The mean weight was about 242 g. The mean estimated blood loss was 155 ml and the mean operative time 150 min. Intraoperative complications included one case of bladder injury due to thick adhesions. Postoperative complications included 2 cases of cystitis, and 3 cases of ileus. The hospital stay was 2 to 7 days. PMID:15688771
Lupa?cu, Cr; Georgescu, St; L?zescu, D; Bradea, C; Dasc?lu, Ana-Maria; Lupa?cu, C
We previously reported on single-incision laparoscopic surgery applied to laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) cases. We accumulated single-incision LAVH cases to evaluate this operation, including its learning curve. Since July 2009, we planned to perform single-incision LAVH in 50 cases. Operative time, estimated blood loss, weight of resected uterus and additional procedures were recorded and compared to those of conventional multiport, multi-incision LAVH. Additionally, 47 completed single-incision LAVH cases were divided into two groups; the former 24 cases and the latter 23 cases, to estimate its learning curve. Operative outcomes were statistically similar, except that more additional procedures were performed in the conventional LAVH group (27.7% in single-incision vs. 57.5% in the conventional group, P<0.01). We experienced three conversions to multiport surgery from single-incision LAVH, and no conversion case to 'open' total abdominal hysterectomy from conventional LAVH, which was not significantly different (3/50, 6% vs. 0/40, 0%, P=0.12). During the study period, operative time was significantly shortened from 73.0±17.6 min for the former 24 cases to 58.0±12.2 min for the latter 23 cases (P<0.01). There was no significant difference with respect to other operative outcomes between the two groups. Single-incision LAVH can be performed as effectively as conventional multiport LAVH with a short learning curve. We consider that single-incision LAVH may be a promising alternative method for the treatment of certain patients with uterine myomas and adenomyosis as even a less invasive gynecological operation is required without visible scars. PMID:22977590
Koyanagi, Takahiro; Motomura, Satoru
The incidence of ureteral and bladder lesions after laparoscopic hysterectomy is the most encountered urinary complication in gynaecological surgery. We report the unusual case of 42-year-old woman who had a delayed diagnosis of bilateral ureteral injury associated with bladder lesion and loose of vaginal suture after undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy for uterine adenomyosis. PMID:23198267
Goris-Gbenou, Maximilien C; Arfi, Nicolas; Mitach, Abdel; Rashed, Sheer; Lopez, Jean-Gabriel
In a premenopausal patient with a 1-year history of abnormal bleeding laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy in combination with vaginal intrafascial cylindriform enucleation of the cervix was performed. Histologic evaluation of the morcellated uterus was unremarkable. Five months later the patient was diagnosed with a pelvic mass consistent with an undifferentiated adenocarcinoma. Retrospective evaluation of the cored and morcellated hysterectomy specimen showed clusters of malignant cells that may have been detected by preoperative curettage. PMID:9290479
Hysterectomy is one of the most commonly performed gynecological procedures. Although the first laparoscopic hysterectomy was performed in 1989, this technique accounts for only a few of all hysterectomies performed today. To assess the safety of total laparoscopic hysterectomy through a novel technique that we have evolved, a retrospective analysis of 140 patients with benign uterine pathologies operated at our institute between 2004 and 2007 was performed. All patients underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) using a simple technique. The highlight of this technique was the omission of any vaginal manipulator. The mean operation time was 88.75 ± 52.72 minutes, the mean blood loss 53.80 ± 35.94 ml and the mean hospital stay 2.21 ± 1.12 days. No conversion to open surgery was necessary. Iatrogenic complications were bowel injury (n=1) and vaginal tears (n=3) and were managed laparoscopically. The new method of TLH proved to be reproducible and safe with decreased morbidity and operation time. This can be attributed to the performance of the same standardized steps each time. Our technique provides a safe procedure suitable for routine use in gynecological surgery.
Puntambekar, S. P.; Wagh, G. N.; Puntambekar, S. S.; Sathe, R. M.; Kulkarni, M. A.; Kashyap, M. A.; Patil, A.M.; Ivo, Meinhold-Heerlein
Background This report presents the incidence of complications and conversions during laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy\\u000a performed for invasive cervical carcinoma. The data are analyzed, and strategies to help prevent future complications are\\u000a discussed.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods From July 2000 to December 2005 at the authors’ institution, 317 laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy procedures\\u000a for invasive cervical carcinoma were performed. The authors reviewed the
H. Xu; Y. Chen; Y. Li; Q. Zhang; D. Wang; Z. Liang
Objective: The present comparative study helps in developing a new approach to conventional hysterectomy procedure so as prevent intra-operative and Post-operative complications during the procedure. Methods: Ligation of uterine and ovarian arteries was performed, prior to abdominal hysterectomy procedures, in Group A (n-1000) and conventional method of abdominal hysterectomy in Group B (n-450) from January 2000 to December 2009. It was a prospective study. Results: In Group A it was noted that traumatic injury to (L) uterine vessel was present in 4 (0.4%) cases and (R) uterine vessel in 3 (0.3%) cases without any noticeable injury to the ovarian vessels, ureters or bladder as compared to in Group B where injury to (L) uterine was noted in 11 (2.4%) cases, ureters in 1 (0.1%) case, bladder in 6(1.5%) cases, hematoma in 10 (2.2%). Post-operative complications were found to be uneventful in Group A. Conclusion: The Present study concludes that ligation of uterine and ovarian arteries, prior to conventional abdominal hysterectomy procedures is found to be extremely safe procedure thereby reducing the risk of intra-operative and post- operative complications.
Total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) has demonstrated to be a feasible and safe technique for patients affected\\u000a of early cervical cancer. Small bowel obstruction resulting from a loop volvulus represents a very uncommon postoperative\\u000a complication in gynecological laparoscopic surgery. We report a case of a patient who presented an intestinal obstruction\\u000a following a TLRH for cervical cancer. The obstruction was
Juan Gilabert-Estelles; Riccardo Favero; Vicente Paya; Sergio Costa; Francisco Coloma; Juan Gilabert-Aguilar
This study compares the outcomes of laparoscopic uterosacral ligament uterine suspension (LUSUS) to those of vaginal vault suspension with total vaginal hysterectomy (TVH) for the treatment of symptomatic uterovaginal prolapse. We compared the outcomes of 25 LUSUS to those of 25 TVH with vaginal vault suspension among age-matched controls. No significant complications occurred in either group. EBL and hospitalization duration
Aparna Diwan; Charles R. Rardin; William C. Strohsnitter; Alexandra Weld; Peter Rosenblatt; Neeraj Kohli
We sought to compare the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with or without lymphadenectomy and open surgery in women with endometrial cancer. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. Bibliographic searches of the Health Technology Assessment, National Health Service Economic Evaluation, DARE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, MEDLINE, Embase, Pascal Biomed, and Cinahl databases were
Susana Granado de la Orden; M. Mercedes Reza; Juan A. Blasco; Elena Andradas; Daniel Callejo; Tirso Pérez
Introduction: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the changes in the vascularization of the lower urinary tract following laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH). Methods: Seventy women undergoing LH not under the indication of a uterine myoma were included. All subjects underwent urinalysis, pelvic examination, and introital color Doppler ultrasonography and completed a urinary questionnaire before and 6 months after
Cheng-Min Liu; Eing-Mei Tsai; Shih-Cheng Hsu; Chin-Hu Wu; Chiu-Lin Wang; Cheng-Yu Long
The objective of this study was to compare surgical outcomes for laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) with total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) in three teaching hospitals in the Netherlands. This study is a multicenter cohort retrospective analysis of consecutive cases (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). One hundred and four women underwent a laparoscopic hysterectomy between March 1995 and March 2005 at one of three teaching hospitals. This included 37 women who underwent LAVH and 67 who underwent TLH. Blood loss, operating time, and intraoperative complications such as bladder or ureteric injury as well as conversion to an open procedure were recorded. In the TLH group, average age was statistically significant lower, as well as the mean parity, whereas estimated uterus size was statistically significant larger, compared to the LAVH group. Main indication in both groups was dysfunctional uterine bleeding. In the TLH group, mean blood loss (173 mL) was significant lower compared to the LAVH group (457 mL), whereas length of surgery, uterus weight, and complication rates were comparable between the two groups. The method of choice at the start of the study period was LAVH, and by the end of the study period, it had been superceded by TLH. LAVH should not be regarded as the novice's laparoscopic hysterectomy. Moreover, with regard blood loss, TLH shows advantages above LAVH. This might be due to the influence of the altered anatomy in the vaginal stage of the LAVH procedure. Therefore, when a vaginal hysterectomy is contraindicated, TLH is the procedure of choice. LAVH remains indicated in case of vaginal hysterectomy with accompanying adnexal surgery. PMID:20234845
Twijnstra, A R H; Kianmanesh Rad, N A; Smeets, M J G H; Admiraal, J F; Jansen, F W
ObjectiveTo evaluate the feasibility and morbidity of total laparoscopic class C2 radical hysterectomy (TLRH) with pelvic lymphadenectomy in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer stage IB2 to IIB after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT).
E. Vizza; A. Pellegrino; R. Milani; R. Fruscio; E. Baiocco; F. Cognetti; A. Savarese; F. Tomao; C. Chen; G. Corrado
We analysed the introduction of the robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy in patients with early-stage cervical cancer with respect to patient benefits and surgeon-related aspects of a surgical learning curve. A retrospective review of the first 14 robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomies and the last 14 open radical hysterectomies in a similar clinical setting with the same surgical team was conducted. Patients were candidates for a laparoscopic sentinel node procedure, pelvic lymph node dissection and open radical hysterectomy (RH) before August 2006 and were candidates for a laparoscopic sentinel node procedure, pelvic lymph node dissection and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (RALRH) after August 2006. Overall, blood loss in the open cases was significantly more compared with the robot cases. Median hospital stay after RALRH was 5 days less than after RH. The median theatre time in the learning period for the robot procedure was reduced from 9 h to less that 4 h and compared well to the 3 h and 45 min for an open procedure. Three complications occurred in the open group and one in the robot group. RALRH is feasible and of benefit to the patient with early stage cervical cancer by a reduction of blood loss and reduced hospital stay. Introduction of this new technique requires a learning curve of less than 15 cases that will reduce the operating time to a level comparable to open surgery.
Zweemer, R. P.; van Baal, W. M.; van de Lande, J.; Dijkstra, J. C.; Verheijen, R. H. M.
We analysed the introduction of the robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy in patients with early-stage cervical cancer with respect to patient benefits and surgeon-related aspects of a surgical learning curve. A retrospective review of the first 14 robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomies and the last 14 open radical hysterectomies in a similar clinical setting with the same surgical team was conducted. Patients were candidates for a laparoscopic sentinel node procedure, pelvic lymph node dissection and open radical hysterectomy (RH) before August 2006 and were candidates for a laparoscopic sentinel node procedure, pelvic lymph node dissection and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (RALRH) after August 2006. Overall, blood loss in the open cases was significantly more compared with the robot cases. Median hospital stay after RALRH was 5 days less than after RH. The median theatre time in the learning period for the robot procedure was reduced from 9 h to less that 4 h and compared well to the 3 h and 45 min for an open procedure. Three complications occurred in the open group and one in the robot group. RALRH is feasible and of benefit to the patient with early stage cervical cancer by a reduction of blood loss and reduced hospital stay. Introduction of this new technique requires a learning curve of less than 15 cases that will reduce the operating time to a level comparable to open surgery. PMID:20700514
Schreuder, H W R; Zweemer, R P; van Baal, W M; van de Lande, J; Dijkstra, J C; Verheijen, R H M
The Outcomes of the Project Will Provide the Basic Data and Impetus; Necessary to Achieve at Least a 10% Reduction in Rate of Hysterectomies; Performed by Open Abdominal Surgery Within the Next 5 Years.
Background The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare the safety, morbidity, and recurrence rate of total laparoscopic radical\\u000a hysterectomy (TLRH) with lymphadenectomy and total robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) with lymphadenectomy for early cervical\\u000a carcinoma in a series of 99 consecutive women.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and Methods We studied 99 consecutive patients with FIGO stage Ia1 (LVSI), Ia2, Ib1, Ib2, and IIa cervical
Raffaele Tinelli; Mario Malzoni; Francesco Cosentino; Ciro Perone; Annarita Fusco; Ettore Cicinelli; Farr Nezhat
The laparoscopic route for the removal of uteri for benign conditions represents a well-established surgical route over the\\u000a last 20 years, gaining popularity throughout the world. The modifications of the original technique and the variable involvement\\u000a of the laparoscopic component necessitated the description of this surgical procedure, and therefore, classification systems\\u000a were introduced. An attempt was hence made to standardize laparoscopic
Ioannis Koutoukos; Anton Langebrekke; Bjorn Busund; Erik Qvigstad
Study Objective. Prospectively compare outcomes of robotically assisted and laparoscopic hysterectomy in the process of implementing a new robotic program. Design. Prospectively comparative observational nonrandomized study. Design Classification. II-1. Setting. Tertiary caregiver university hospital. Patients. Data collected consecutively 24 months, 34 patients underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy, 25 patients underwent robotic hysterectomy, and 11 patients underwent vaginal hysterectomy at our institution. Interventions. Outcomes of robotically assisted, laparoscopic, and vaginal complex hysterectomies performed by a single surgeon for noncancerous indications. Measurements and Main Results. Operative times were 208.3 ± 59.01 minutes for laparoscopic, 286.2 ± 82.87 minutes for robotic, and 163.5 ± 61.89 minutes for vaginal (P < .0001). Estimated blood loss for patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery was 242.7 ± 211.37?cc, 137.4 ± 107.50?cc for robotic surgery, and 243.2 ± 127.52?cc for vaginal surgery (P = 0.05). The mean length of stay ranged from 1.8 to 2.3 days for the 3 methods. Association was significant for uterine weight (P = 0.0043) among surgery methods. Conclusion. Robotically assisted hysterectomy is feasible with low morbidity, a shorter hospital stay, and less blood loss. This suggests that robotic assistance facilitates a minimally invasive approach for patients with larger uterine size even during implementing a new robotic program.
Kilic, Gokhan Sami; Moore, Gradie; Elbatanony, Ayman; Radecki, Carmen; Phelps, John Y.; Borahay, Mostafa A.
Objective The purpose of the present study is to demonstrate the feasibility of single-port transumbilical laparoscopic surgery (SPLS)\\u000a for hysterectomy and elaborate on our experience in order to introduce the single-port approach for gynecologic surgery.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Between August 2008 and February 2009, 30 patients who initially planned to undergo single-port laparoscopic surgery at Yonsei\\u000a University Health System in Seoul, Korea were enrolled
Yong Wook Jung; Young Tae Kim; Dae Woo Lee; Yu Im Hwang; Eun Ji Nam; Jae Hoon Kim; Sang Wun Kim
Total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) is an advanced gynecological laparoscopic procedure that is widely performed in the developed world. However, its feasibility in resource-poor settings is hampered by obvious lack of equipments and/or skilled personnel. Indeed, TLH has never been reported from any Nigerian hospital. We present a 50-year-old multipara scheduled for hysterectomy on account of pre-malignant disease of the cervix, who had TLH with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, southwestern Nigeria and was discharged home on the first post-operative day. She was seen in the gynecology clinic a week later in stable condition and she was highly pleased with the outcome of her surgery. This case is presented to highlight the attainability of operative gynecological laparoscopy, including advanced procedures like TLH in a resource-constrained setting, through the employment of adequate local adaptation and clever improvisation. PMID:23661889
Badejoko, Olusegun O; Ajenifuja, Kayode O; Oluborode, Babawale O; Adeyemi, Adebanjo B
Background Ectopic pregnancy after hysterectomy is a very rare condition, but it must be kept in mind in women with history of hysterectomy who present with abdominal pain and ecographic adnexal heterogeneous images. Since first described by Wendeler in 1895, at least 67 ectopic pregnancies (tubal, ovarian and abdominal) have been described in patients subjected to prior hysterectomy. Case presentation We describe the case of a 41-year-old white caucasian woman admitted to the emergency room due to abdominal pain for two days. The ultrasounds scan and the quantification of beta-HCG led to the diagnosis of tubal ectopic pregnancy, although she had been hysterectomized two years before. An emergency laparoscopy was performed for salpingectomy. The pathology report indicated trophoblastic tubal implantation and hematosalpinx. Conclusions Ectopic pregnancy is one of the conditions to be considered in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain in women of child bearing potential, and the absence of the uterus does not rule out its diagnosis.
Objective This study was conducted to ascertain the correlation between preserved pelvic nerve networks and bladder function after laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy. Methods Between 2009 and 2011, 53 patients underwent total laparoscopic radical hysterectomies. They were categorized into groups A, B, and C based on the status of preserved pelvic nerve networks: complete preservation of the pelvic nerve plexus (group A, 27 cases); partial preservation (group B, 13 cases); and complete sacrifice (group C, 13 cases). To evaluate bladder function, urodynamic studies were conducted preoperatively and postoperatively at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Results No significant difference in sensory function was found between groups A and B. However, the sensory function of group C was significantly lower than that of the other groups. Group A had significantly better motor function than groups B and C. No significant difference in motor function was found between groups B and C. Results showed that the sensory nerve is distributed predominantly at the dorsal half of the pelvic nerve networks, but the motor nerve is predominantly distributed at the ventral half. Conclusion Various types of total laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomies can be tailored to patients with cervical carcinomas.
Fujiwara, Kazuko; Ebisawa, Keiko; Hada, Tomonori; Ota, Yoshiaki; Andou, Masaaki
Our prospective study evaluates laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for vaginal vault prolapse focusing on perioperative data, objective\\u000a anatomical results using the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) system and postoperative quality of life using the\\u000a Kings Health questionnaire. One hundred one patients completed the study. Fifty five had laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy\\u000a and sacrocolpopexy for uterine prolapse and 46 had laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for post-hysterectomy
Dimitri Sarlos; Sonja Brandner; LaVonne Kots; Nicolle Gygax; Gabriel Schaer
Study Objective: To estimate the incidence of mesh-related complications including mesh erosion\\/extrusion rates in patients undergoing laparoscopic sacral colpopexy, with or without concurrent hysterectomy, using macroporous soft polypropylene mesh. Design: Historical cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Setting: Private urogynecology clinic. Patients: A total of 446 consecutive patients with uterovaginal or vaginal vault prolapse underwent laparoscopic sacral colpopexy with
Assia A. Stepanian; John R. Miklos; Robert D. Moore; T. Fleming Mattox
\\u000a \\u000a Purpose:\\u000a Compared to laparotomic surgery, laparoscopically assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy (LARVH) offers decreased blood loss\\u000a during surgery and faster convalescence of the patient postoperatively, while at the same time delivering similar oncologic\\u000a results. However, there is no data on outcome and toxicity of LARVH followed by (chemo)radiation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Patients and Methods:\\u000a A total of 55 patients (range 28–78 years) with cervical
Arne Gruen; Thabea Musik; Christhardt Köhler; Jürgen Füller; Thomas Wendt; Carmen Stromberger; Volker Budach; Achim Schneider; Simone Marnitz
This is a retrospective observational study, where we have evaluated the role of total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) in obese and morbidly obese patients with early stage endometrial cancer. Our study illustrates that low conversion rates are achievable when appropriately trained surgeons undertake this procedure. All the women with high BMI were operated on laparoscopically in preference to laparotomy, unless there was an obvious contraindication such as a very large uterus or disseminated disease. We have also shown low conversation and complication rates for our patients, in particular a low rate of wound infection. This is in contrast to the high rate of wound infection and prolonged hospital stay reported for obese patients in the literature. Our study shows that TLH for endometrial cancer in obese women is feasible, safe and is likely to be cost-effective and adds to the weight of evidence for its use in this condition. PMID:22779967
Farthing, A; Chatterjee, J; Joglekar-Pai, P; Dorney, E; Ghaem-Maghami, S
Campo Lucian FRANCISCO LIMBERGER LEO TETELBOM STEIN AIRMON NOCCHI Kolola ANTONIO Postoperative pain preoperative outcomes after laparoscopic radical hysterectomy abdominal radical hysterectomy patients w with early cervical cancer: randomised controlled trial. Trials (London). v.14 p.293 - 2013.
Did you mean: Campo Lucian FRANCISCO LIMBERGER LEO TETELBOM STEIN AIRMON NOCCHI Kolola ANTONIO Postoperative pain preoperative outcomes after laparoscopic radical hysterectomy abdominal radical hysterectomy patients w with early cervical cancer: randomised controlled trial. Trials (London). v.14 p.293 - 2013. ?
Adequately controlling pain is a key component of postoperative care after a hysterectomy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two intraperitoneal (IP) administered solutions during Laparoscopic Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy (LAVH), on the amount of postoperative self-administered morphine. In this prospective, randomized, double blinded study, twenty women undergoing LAVH randomly distributed to two treatment groups: (1) 100 ml dexamethasone/ bupivacaine/ gentamicin (DMG) solution: 60 cc injected vaginally at cuff and 40 cc placed topically via laparoscopy over intra-peritoneal postoperative surfaces (IP) and 5 ml bupivacaine or 5 ml saline injected at the laparoscopic incision sites, (2) 100 ml saline solution: 60 cc injected vaginally at cuff and 40 cc placed topically via laparoscopy over intra-peritoneal postoperative surfaces (IP) and 5 ml bupivacaine or 5 ml saline injected at the laparoscopic incision sites. The amount of morphine utilized by the patients was documented from their patient controlled anesthesia (PCA) pump. Patient parameters recorded included perceived pain score, height, weight, age, race, reason for surgery, pre-surgery medications, American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) classification, length of the surgery and estimated blood loss (EBL). Age, EBL, length of surgery, and ASA classification were not significantly different between the groups. The postoperative amount of morphine utilized was higher at 4 (p=.02) and 16 hours (p = .04) and tended to be higher at 8, 12 hours (p=.06), and 24 hours (p=.09) in the saline IP group. Overall the saline IP group (n=10) used (median; range) 21.5; 8-82 mg of morphine while the DMG IP group (n=10) used 10.5; 1-23 mg. No participants reported a postoperative infection. This study demonstrates that intraoperative utilization of DMG solution during LAVH enables patients clinically to have less perceived pain and subsequently tend to utilize about half the amount of morphine, helping to avoid the potential harmful side effects and adverse reactions of morphine. PMID:24640268
Fulcher, Paul H; Granese, Marsha; Chun, Yoon; Welch, Christine A; Seybold, Dara J; Randall, Gary; DePond, R Todd
Background and Objective: We conducted this study to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of immediate laparoscopic nontransvesical repair without omental interposition for vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) developing after total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH), which causes not only social and economic misery for the patient but also considerable stress to the physicians who perform the surgery. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 5 women who underwent immediate laparoscopic nontransvesical repair without omental interposition for VVFs, developing after TAH from October 2007 to March 2009. In terms of laparoscopic procedure, cystoscopy was performed to confirm the location of fistula and ureteral openings, initially. Without opening the bladder, the fistula tract was identified, and the bladder was dissected from the vagina. The bladder defect was closed by using intracorporeal, continuous, and double-layer suturing, laparoscopically. The vaginal defect was closed using interrupted and single-layer suturing, vaginally. A Foley catheter was inserted for 2 weeks and removed after bladder integrity was confirmed with a retrograde cystogram. Results: The median age and body mass index of the patients were 47 years and 22.3 kg/m2, respectively. Operating time, hemoglobin change, and hospital stay were 95 minutes, 1.1 g/dL, and 5 days, respectively. There were no complications or laparoconversions. During follow-up (median 56.1 weeks; range 26.6 to 74.0), there was no evidence of recurrence. Conclusions: Immediate laparoscopic nontransvesical repair without omental interposition might be an effective, feasible alternative to the traditional methods in select patients with small sized (<1 cm) VVF developing after TAH.
Lee, Jung Hun; Lee, Kyo Won; Han, Jong Sul; Choi, Pil Cho; Hoh, Jeong-Kyu
In this study, perioperative outcomes and survival data in patients with early cervical cancer operated with three surgical\\u000a methods: robot-assisted, laparoscopic and open, are to be analyzed. From January 2006 to May 2010, 294 patients with T1?1\\u000a cervical cancer were studied retrospectively. Robot-assisted radical hysterectomy (RARH) was performed in 73 (24.8%) of them,\\u000a laparoscopic-assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy (LARVH) in 46
Grigor Gortchev; Slavcho Tomov; Latchesar Tantchev; Angelika Velkova; Zdravka Radionova
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to compare the indications, characteristics, surgical management, and outcomes of patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy, total vaginal hysterectomy, and laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy and to assess whether patients who underwent abdominal hysterectomy might have been candidates for laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysteretomy and whether patients who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy or laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy might have
James H. Dorsey; Earl P. Steinberg; Patrice M. Holtz
INTRODUCTION Developments in the field of minimally invasive surgery have led to interest in NOTES (natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery). Even as technologies continue to evolve and develop, interest in some of the advantages of specimen retrieval transvaginally has been roused and we describe a case of combined laparoscopic splenectomy and hysterectomy with transvaginal retrieval of both specimens. PRESENTATION OF CASE Patient underwent laparoscopic splenectomy and robot-assisted hysterectomy with transvaginal delivery of specimens. Total operative time was 245 min with no complications. Closure of the colpotomy was achieved laparoscopically. Post-operative course was unremarkable. Patient has done well clinically at 18 months follow-up except for an episode of post-coital spotting, which resolved spontaneously. DISCUSSION We explored the technical feasibility of concurrent laparoscopic splenectomy and hysterectomy along with transvaginal retrieval of both solid organs without morcellation. We wanted to illustrate the fact that transvaginal organ extraction may be performed safely in a community or district hospital with standard instruments without incurring additional cost, morbidity or increased operating time. CONCLUSION Transvaginal specimen retrieval was technically easy to accomplish. Our patient has not experienced any infectious complications or sexual dysfunction to date. For surgeons exploring an alternative to transabdominal specimen retrieval, transvaginal NOSE is an attractive proposition with several advantages. When combined with a gynecological procedure that involves a colpotomy, this may present a unique opportunity to explore the utility of NOSE.
Ramalingam, Mohan; King, Jon; Jaacks, Lisa
Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) and natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery are now being used in gynecologic oncologic procedures. We used our expertise with LESS to perform nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical hysterectomy. A 45-year-old woman with stage IA2 cervical cancer was referred to us. The biopsy specimen showed grade II invasive keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma. We duplicated the steps of our laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy procedure to perform a nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy via LESS using conventional ports and instruments. Oncologic clearance was comparable to that in conventional laparoscopic radical hysterectomy. Bladder function recovered completely after removal of the Foley catheter. Nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical hysterectomy using fewer ports is technically feasible. The oncologic clearance and functional results are comparable to those in the multiport variant. PMID:23849620
Desai, Riddhi; Puntambekar, Shailesh P; Lawande, Akhil; Kenawadekar, Rahul; Joshi, Saurabh; Joshi, Geetanjali Agarwal; Kulkarni, Santosh
Background The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of and risk factors for postoperative febrile morbidity after laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH). Methods This retrospective study was carried out using the medical records of women with benign gynecologic conditions who underwent LAVH between June 2007 and May 2012 at Srinagarind Hospital in Thailand. Data were collected to assess baseline patient characteristics, occurrence of body temperature ?38°C on two occasions at least 6 hours apart in the 24 hours following the surgical procedure, and possible risk factors related to postoperative febrile morbidity. Results In total, 199 women underwent LAVH during the study period. They had a mean age of 46±6 years, a mean body mass index of 24.0±3.2 kg/m2, a mean surgical duration of 134±52 minutes, median estimated blood loss of 200 mL, a mean total hospital stay of 5±2 days, and a mean postoperative hospital stay of 3±2 days. Postoperative febrile morbidity was documented in 31 cases (15.6%). The cause of postoperative fever was unknown in most cases, with only two cases having an identifiable cause. The risk of postoperative febrile morbidity was highest in women treated with more than two antibacterial agents and with a regimen of more than 3 days. Conclusion This study shows a moderately high rate of febrile morbidity after LAVH, for which the main risk factors were use of multiple drugs and doses for antibiotic prophylaxis.
Wongpia, Iyara; Thinkhamrop, Jadsada; Seejorn, Kanok; Buppasiri, Pranom; Luanratanakorn, Sanguanchoke; Temtanakitpaisan, Teerayut; Khampitak, Kovit
Introduction: The purpose of this report is to evaluate our experience with transvaginal application of a laparoscopic bipolar cutting forceps to assist vaginal hysterectomy in extremely obese women with endometrial cancer in whom obesity precluded LAVH/BSO and lymphadenectomy and vaginal obesity limited visualization and exposure. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective review and identified 6 consecutive cases. No cases were excluded. A laparoscopic 33-cm Plasma Kinctic (PK) cutting forceps with a 5-mm diameter was applied transvaginally to coagulate and cut the uterosacral and cardinal ligaments, uterine vasculature, and ovarian ligaments. The uterus was delivered vaginally. Staging lymphadenectomy was not performed. Results: Median age was 51 years, median weight was 405 lbs, and median BMI was 66 kg/m2. Five of 6 cases were successfully performed vaginally (83%). Median operative time was 1hour 10 minutes, median blood loss was 500 mL, and pain was only discomforting. All patients were discharged the day after surgery. There were no complications. At median follow-up of 1 year, all patients were alive with no evidence of disease. Conclusions: It is our opinion that the transvaginal application of a laparoscopic bipolar cutting forceps can successfully assist vaginal hysterectomy in extremely obese endometrial cancer patients who cannot tolerate LAVH/BSO and lymphadenectomy and vaginal obesity limits visualization and exposure.
Hojat, Rod; Johnson, Jil; Fenton, Bradford
Background: Uncontrolled studies using laparoscopic techniques in colorectal surgery have not demonstrated clear advantages to these procedures compared with conventional ones, and surgeons are concerned about unusual early recurrences reported after laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery.Study Design: We conducted a prospective, randomized trial in one surgical department comparing laparoscopic (LAP) and conventional (CON) techniques in 109 patients undergoing bowel resection for
Jeffrey W Milsom; Bartholomäus Böhm; Katherine A Hammerhofer; Victor Fazio; Ezra Steiger; Paul Elson
Background The purpose of the study was to determine the outcome of all patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma cancer treated by laparoscopic hysterectomy at our institution, many of whom were high-risk for surgery. Methods Data was collected by a retrospective search of the case notes and Electronic Patient Records of the thirty eight patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy for endometrial cancer at our institutions. Results The median body mass index was 30 (range 19–67). Comorbidities were present in 76% (29 patients); 40% (15 patients) had a single comorbid condition, whilst 18% (7 patients) had two, and a further 18% (7 patients) had more than two. Lymphadenectomy was performed in 45% (17 patients), and lymph node sampling in 21% (8 patients). Median operating time was 210 minutes (range 70–360 minutes). Median estimated blood loss was 200 ml (range 50–1000 ml). There were no intraoperative complications. Post-operative complications were seen in 21% (2 major, 6 minor). Blood transfusion was required in 5% (2 patients). The median stay was 4 post-operative nights (range 1–25 nights). In those patients undergoing lymphadenectomy, the mean number of nodes taken was fifteen (range 8–26 nodes). The pathological staging was FIGO stage I 76% (29 patients), stage II 8% (3 patients), stage III 16% (6 patients). The pathological grade was G1 31% (16 patients), G2 45% (17 patients), G3 24% (8 patients). Conclusion Laparoscopic hysterectomy can be safely carried out in patients at high risk for surgery, with no compromise in terms of outcomes, whilst providing all the benefits inherent in minimal access surgery.
Willis, Susan F; Barton, Desmond; Ind, Thomas EJ
Objective To assess uterine size, symptom severity, and hemoglobin level as determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in\\u000a women subsequently undergoing laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Sixty-one consecutive women with uterine leiomyoma or adenomyosis undergoing LAVH were studied using a prospective cohort\\u000a design. The Chinese version of the Uterine Fibroid Symptom and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) questionnaire was assessed preoperatively.
Pao-Ling Torng; Wen-Chun Chang; Jing-Shiang Hwang; Wen-Chiung Hsu; Jung-Der Wang; Su-Cheng Huang; Chen-Fang Chen; Ta-Chen Su
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) had been considered the gold standard treatment for symptomatic gall bladder (GB) stones. Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) was emerged as a less invasive alternative with better cosmesis and less post operative pain. This study evaluated the feasibility, safety, advantages and complications of SILC using the conventional laparoscopic instruments. A total of 52 patients (47 females and 5 males) with symptomatic GB stones underwent elective SILC using the conventional laparoscopic instruments. The mean operative time was 61.75 min and the mean estimated blood loss was 17.21 ml. Gall bladder perforation occurred in 5 cases (9.6%) in which 3 cases calculi spillage occurred. Troublesome cystic artery bleeding occurred in 2 cases (3.8%) while gall bladder bed bleeding happened in 1 case (1.9%). An intraoperative cholangiogram was performed in 3 cases and a drain was inserted in one case. No conversions of the technique occurred. 49 patients discharged in the first post operative day and 3 patients (5.8 %) in the 2nd day. Three month post operative wound length was an average of 1.58 cm while patient satisfaction of the surgery was an average of 9.32. PMID:22435160
Hassan, Ahmed Mohamed Abdelaziz; Hedaya, Mohamed Saied; Nasr, Magid Mahmoud; Nafeh, Ayman Ihab; Elsebae, Magdey Mohamed
Background This randomized, double-blinded clinical study was designed to evaluate the efficiency and safety of remifentanil with ketorolac for IV PCA after laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. Methods Eighty patients were randomly allocated into four groups. Group R received IV PCA using only remifentanil at a basal rate of 0.025 µg/kg/min and a bolus of 0.375 µg/kg. Group RK1 received IV PCA using remifentanil at a basal rate of 0.015 µg/kg/min and a bolus of 0.225 µg/kg. Group RK2 received IV PCA using remifentanil at a basal rate of 0.0075 µg/kg/min and a bolus of 0.1125 µg/kg. Group F received IV PCA using fentanyl at a basal rate of 0.3 µg/kg/h and a bolus of 0.075 µg/kg. In addition, ketorolac at a basal rate of 0.04 mg/kg/h and a bolus of 0.01 mg/kg was added to Group RK1, RK2, and F. All PCA conditions had a lock out period of 15 minutes. Pulse rate, systolic and diastolic BP, sedation score, visual analogue scale (VAS), and PONV score were recorded at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours after the operation. Total opioid use and the patients' number for rescue analgesic drug were also collected. Results The groups did not differ in PONV score and hemodynamic changes. The VAS in Group RK2 was high compared with the other groups. In addition, the sedation score was high in Group R. Conclusions The additional ketorolac administration in remifentanil IV PCA had remifentanil sparing effects and reduced sedation among the side effects. Further studies will be needed to evaluate the precise and adequate dosage of ketorolac.
Kim, Jung-Jong; Jung, Sang-Ho; Song, Nam-Won
Abrupt formation of a right atrium thrombus detected by transesophageal echocardiography during laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy and spontaneous resolution during thromboembolectomy -A case report-
Intraoperative formation and management of a thrombus in right atrium has been reported occasionally. Nevertheless, it is rare that a right atrial thrombus with unstable hemodynamic changes detected by transesophageal echocardiography is resolved spontaneously. We report upon the 44-year-old woman, who had a right atrial thrombus detected by transesophageal echocardiography during laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy and resolved during thromboembolectomy.
Chu, Byung-Kwan; Han, Ilyong; Shin, Chee-Mahn; Kim, Young-Jae; Cheong, Soon Ho; Lee, Kun Moo; Lim, Se Hun; Lee, Jeong Han; Kim, Myoung-Hun; Kim, Hyo-Joong
Background Traditionally standard treatment for patients with early stage endometrial cancer (EC) is total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo oophorectomy (TAH+BSO) with or without lymph node dissection through a vertical midline incision. While TAH is an accepted effective treatment, it is highly invasive, visibly scarring and associated with morbidity. An alternative treatment is the same operation by laparoscopy. Though in several studies total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH+ BSO) seems a safe and feasible alternative approach in early stage endometrial cancer patients, there are no randomized data available yet. Furthermore, a randomized controlled trial with surgeons trained in laparoscopy is warranted in order to implement this technique in a safe manner. The aim of this study is to compare the treatment related morbidity, cost-effectiveness and quality of life in early stage endometrial cancer patients treated by laparoscopy versus the standard open approach. Methods A multi centre randomized clinical phase 3 trial, including 5 university hospitals and 15 regional hospitals in the Netherlands. Only gynecologists trained in performing a TLH are allowed to participate. Inclusion criteria: Patients with a clinical stage I endometrioid adenocarcinoma or complex atypical hyperplasia are randomized in a 2:1 allocation to receive TLH or TAH. The main outcome measure is the rate of major complications, as assessed by an independent clinical review board. In total, 275 patients are required to have 80% power at ?-0.05 to detect a significant difference of 15% complication rate. Secondary outcome measures are 1) costs and cost-effectiveness, 2) minor complications, and 3) quality of life. All data from this multi center study are reported using case record forms. Data regarding quality of life, pain, body Image, sexuality and additional homecare are assessed with self reported questionnaires. Discussion A randomized multi center study in early stage endometrial cancer patients with inclusion criteria for patients and surgeons is designed and ongoing. Results will be presented at the end of 2009. Trial Registration Dutch trial register number NTR821.
The operative methods of total uterine mucosal ablation (TUMA) as well as new abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy techniques are described. Classic intrafascial serrated edged macro-morcellator (SEMM) hysterectomy (CISH) by pelviscopy or laparotomy and intrafascial vaginal hysterectomy (IVH) are techniques that allow the nerve and the blood supply of the pelvic floor to remain intact, mainly because only the ascending branches of the uterine arteries are ligated. TUMA avoids the removal of the uterus altogether and is reserved for hypermenorrhea or menorrhagia without major enlargement of the uterus. Both CISH and IVH reduce the physical trauma of hysterectomy considerably and have the advantages of the supravaginal technique. Prophylaxis against cervical stump carcinoma is assured by coring out the cervix with the SEMM. In patients in whom both procedures are possible, IVH is preferred because it combines the minimal trauma and short operative time of vaginal hysterectomy. The decreased diameter of the cervix after coring out greatly simplifies this type of vaginal hysterectomy, the technique that has always been favored because of its short operative times and minimal trauma.
Semm, Kurt; Mettler, Lieselotte
Abstract Background: Few reports have examined the impact of laparoscopic approach on survival outcomes in patients with early-stage (IA2-IB1) cervical cancer (CC). In this study we aimed to compare disease recurrence and survival outcomes of total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) with those for open radical hysterectomy (ORH) and pelvic lymphadenectomy in patients with early-stage CC. Patients and Methods: A single-center, retrospective analysis was conducted in a total of 68 patients who treated with TLRH (n=22) or ORH (n=46) between 2007 and 2010. The primary endpoint of the study was progression-free survival (PFS). Results: Median follow-up time was 42.50 months (range, 38.40-55.42 months) for the TLRH group and 43.50 months (range, 37.66-52.65) for the ORH group. The study groups were comparable in terms of baseline characteristics except the ORH group had more patients with tumor size greater than 2?cm (P=.026), depth of stromal invasion greater than 33% (P<.0001), and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB1 disease (P=.019). However, these factors had no impact on overall and PFS in Cox regression analyses. In total, three recurrences were observed in the TLRH group. Two of the 3 patients were alive with no evidence of disease, and the remaining individual was alive with disease (AWD). In the ORH group, 5 patients had recurrences. Two of the 5 patients died of disease, and three were AWD. The estimated 3-year PFS (86.1% versus 90.6%, respectively; P=.32) and overall survival (100% vs. 95.4%, respectively; P=.82) were comparable in the TLRH and ORH groups. Conclusions: TLRH and ORH have similar survival outcomes in patients with early-stage CC. PMID:24742012
Toptas, Tayfun; Simsek, Tayup
Hysterectomy is the commonest gynecologic operation performed not only for malignant disease but also for many benign conditions such as fibroids, endometrial hyperplasia, adenomyosis, uterine prolapse, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. There are many approaches to hysterectomy for benign disease: abdominal hysterectomy, vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) where a vaginal hysterectomy is assisted by laparoscopic procedures that do not include uterine artery ligation, total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) where the laparoscopic procedures include uterine artery ligation, and subtotal laparoscopic hysterectomy (STLH) where there is no vaginal component and the uterine body is removed using a morcelator. In the last decades, many new techniques, alternative to hysterectomy with conservation of the uterus have been developed. They use modern technologies and their results are promising and in many cases comparable with hysterectomy. This paper is a review of all the existing hysterectomy techniques and the alternative methods for benign indications.
Papadopoulos, Michail S.; Tolikas, Athanasios C.; Miliaras, Dimosthenis E.
We performed a comparative study between abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies using clinical data from Al-Jamhouria hospital (one of the largest maternity hospitals in Eastern Libya). Various parameters were taken into consideration: the rates of each type (and their subtypes); average age of patients; indications; causes; postoperative complications; and duration of stay in the hospital afterwards. Conclusions and recommendations were drawn from the results of this study. In light of the aforementioned parameters, it was found that: (1) abdominal hysterectomies were more common than vaginal hysterectomies (p < 0.001); (2) patients admitted for abdominal hysterectomies are younger than those admitted for vaginal hysterectomies (p < 0.001); (3) the most common indication for an abdominal hysterectomy was menstrual disturbances, while for vaginal hysterectomies it was vaginal prolapse; (4) the histopathological cause for abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies were observed and the most common were found to be leiomyomas and atrophic endometrium; (5) there was no significant difference between the two routes in terms of postoperative complications; (6) patients who were admitted for abdominal hysterectomies spent a longer amount of time in the hospital (p < 0.01). It was concluded that efforts should be made to further pursue vaginal and laparoscopic hysterectomies as a viable option to the more conventional abdominal route. PMID:23919862
Agnaeber, K; Bodalal, Z
A randomized prospective trial of the postoperative quality of life between laparoscopic uterine artery ligation and laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy for the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids: clinical trial design
Background Laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy is one of the definite methods for the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids with lesser intraoperative bleeding and shorter hospitalization compared with abdominal hysterectomy. However, laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy cannot preserve uterus and can show postoperative complications by the change of pelvic structure. Thus, laparoscopic uterine artery ligation has been introduced for relieving the symptoms caused by uterine fibroids in place of hysterectomy. The current study was designed to compare postoperative quality of life between laparoscopic uterine artery ligation and laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, and to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic uterine artery ligation which can treat symptomatic uterine fibroids with the preservation of uterus. Methods and design Patients enrolled the current study are randomized to laparoscopic uterine artery ligation or laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. The primary outcome is to compare postoperative quality of life between laparoscopic uterine artery ligation and laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire for Cancer patients version 3.0. Secondary outcomes are to evaluate the volume reduction of uterus, uterine fibroids and ovaries by the 2 treatments, to compare the improvement of subjective symptoms using 11-point symptom score and postoperative clinical outcomes between laparoscopic uterine artery ligation and laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, and to investigate the improvement of postoperative vaginal bleeding by laparoscopic uterine artery ligation. Discussion Among treatment methods for symptomatic uterine fibroids with the preservation of uterus, laparoscopic uterine artery ligation is expected to have the efficacy like uterine artery embolization, which appeared to be safe for routine use with symptomatic relief. The current study fully recruited in June 2008 and the results will be available in June 2009. If there is no difference of postoperative QOL between laparoscopic uterine artery ligation and laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy for the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids, the comparison of quality of life between laparoscopic uterine artery ligation and uterine artery embolization will be also needed as a surgical treatment for preserving uterus. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN76790866
Kim, Hee Seung; Kim, Jae Weon; Kim, Mi-Kyung; Chung, Hyun Hoon; Lee, Taek Sang; Jeon, Yong-Tark; Kim, Yong Beom; Jeon, Hye Won; Yun, Young Ho; Park, Noh Hyun; Song, Yong Sang; Kang, Soon-Beom
Background Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) commonly occur after general anesthesia, especially in women. In this study, we evaluated the antiemetic efficacy of propofol administered at the end of surgery in highly susceptible patients undergoing a laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. Methods A total of 107 women undergoing a laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy under general anesthesia were enrolled for this prospective, double-blind, randomized study. Fifteen minutes before the end of surgery, all patients received 50 µg fentanyl and 1 of following 3 doses; 0.5 mg/kg of propofol (propofol 0.5 group), 1 mg/kg of propofol (propofol 1.0 group), and normal saline (control group). All patients received intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). Emergence time, a visual analog scale for pain and nausea, duration of postanesthesia care unit (PACU) stay, and frequency of antiemetic use were recorded at 0-2, 2-24, and 24-48 hours postoperatively. Results The incidence of nausea significantly lower in the propofol 0.5 and propofol 1.0 groups than in the control group (12.1 vs 14.7 vs 40%). During the first postoperative 2 hours, antiemetics were less frequently administered in the propofol 0.5 and propofol 1.0 groups than in the control group (3.0 vs 5.9 vs 22.5%). Emergence time was slightly longer in the propofol 0.5 and propofol 1.0 groups than in the control group, but there was no significant difference in PACU stay time was observed between the 3 groups. Conclusions The results of this study suggest that low-dose propofol administration at the end of surgery may effectively reduce the incidence of PONV within 2 hours postoperatively in highly susceptible women undergoing a laparoscopiy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy and receiving opioid-based PCA.
Kim, Eu-Gene; Kang, Hyoseok; Choi, Juyoun; Lee, Hyun Jeong
Purpose The goal of this study was to evaluate the operative feasibility and survival for patients with stage IB2 cervical cancer\\u000a who undergo laparoscopic radical vaginal hysterectomy (LRVH) compared with those with stage IB1 cervical cancer.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods We identified 90 patients who were eligible to participate in the study through retrospective analysis of medical records\\u000a from March 2003 to June 2010. Patients
Jin Hwa Hong; Joong Sub Choi; Jung Hun Lee; Chang Eop Son; Seung Wook Jeon; Jong Woon Bae; Jeong Min Eom
Purpose To further improve the advantages of minimally invasive surgery, single port laparoscopic techniques continue to be developed. We report our initial experience with single port laparoscopic appendectomy (SPLA) in children and compare its outcomes to those of conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA). Methods Clinical data were prospectively collected for SPLA cases performed at Chung-Ang University Hospital by a single surgeon between March 2011 and December 2011, including operative time, perioperative complications, conversion rate, and length of hospital stay. Each case of SPLA was performed using conventional laparoscopic instruments through Glove port placed into the single umbilical incision. To compare outcomes, a retrospective review was performed for those patients who underwent CLA between March 2010 and December 2010. Results Thirty-one patients underwent SPLA and 114 patients underwent CLA. Mean age (10.5 years vs. 11.1 years, P = 0.43), weight (48.2 kg vs. 42.9 kg, P = 0.27), and operation time (41.8 minutes vs. 37.9 minutes, P = 0.190) were comparable between both groups. Mean hospital stay was longer for CLA group (2.6 days vs. 3.7 days, P = 0.013). There was no conversion to conventional laparoscopic surgery in SPLA group. In CLA group, there were nine complications (7.9%) with 3 cases of postoperative ileuses and 6 cases wound problems. There was one complication (3.2%) of umbilical surgical site infection in SPLA group (P = 0.325). Conclusion The results of this study demonstrated that SPLA using conventional laparoscopic instruments is technically feasible and safe in children. SPLA using conventional laparoscopic instruments might be popularized by eliminating the need for specially designed instruments.
Choi, Yoo Shin; Kim, Beom Gyu; Cha, Seong-Jae; Park, Joong-Min; Chang, In Taik
Background Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), an advanced form of minimally invasive surgery, has recently been used for surgical management of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). The literature comparing SILS to conventional laparoscopic surgery for treatment of this disease is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of SILS compared with conventional laparoscopic resection for GIST. Methods A retrospective case-cohort study compared the benefits and outcomes of SILS and conventional laparoscopic partial gastrectomy for GIST. Between April 2008 and December 2012, 39 patients underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric stromal tumors in our department. All operations were performed by a single experienced surgeon. The medical records of these patients were reviewed retrospectively with regard to tumor size, operating time, and other clinical features. Results SILS resection was performed on 19 patients, whereas 20 patients had conventional laparoscopic resection. Compared with the conventional laparoscopic group, the operative time for the SILS group was shorter, but the time for recovery of gastrointestinal function and postoperative hospital stay for the SILS group was similar to that of the conventional laparoscopic group. No intraoperative or postoperative complications were recorded in either group. Conclusion Compared with the conventional laparoscopic procedure, SILS in gastric stromal tumors is as feasible and safe when performed by experienced surgeons.
Kong, Jing; Wu, Shuo-Dong; Su, Yang; Fan, Ying
Treatment of Stage IB-IIA cervical carcinoma is controversial. The choice to perform surgery or chemoradiation depends on the FIGO Stage, which does not include evaluation of lymph node involvement, although the prognosis of the patients depends on this evaluation. There is no method however, to safely evaluate preoperative lymph nodes metastasis, as both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) have poor sensitivity and high specificity. As a result, inaccurate preoperative lymph node assessment can lead to suboptimal treatment. The authors report the case of a 42-year-old patient with cervical cancer Stage IB2, who was primary treated with chemoradiation. Although at the time of diagnosis no lymph node metastasis was detected, six months after treatment, an enlarged five-cm lymph node was found in the area of left iliac vein. The patient underwent laparoscopic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy and nerve sparing radical hysterectomy. Pathologic examination revealed one positive lymph node out of the 41 removed and no cancer cells in the uteral structures. There are cases of cervical cancer in which chemoradiation seems to be insufficient. Laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy can be the treatment in patients with lymph node metastasis after primary chemoradiation. It offers oncological safety combining the advantages of laparoscopy and the nerve-sparing technique. Furthermore, adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation can be initiated immediately, offering the best therapeutical choice in the authors' opinion. PMID:24475590
Zygouris, D; Kotsopoulos, I C; Chalvatzas, N; Maltaris, T; Kartsiounis, V; Kavallaris, A
Several studies have demonstrated the clinical and technical benefits of the laparoscopic surgery for complicated and uncomplicated appendicitis. Our retrospective study included 12 patient who underwent SILS appendectomy (SILS-A), 14 who received conventional laparoscopic surgery (VL-A), and 12 who received laparotomic appendectomy (OA); performed in all cases by the same surgeon (C.F.). The aim of this study was the comparison between this three different surgical techniques on same features: post operative leukocytosis, post operative pain, need abdominal drainage, esthetic viewpoint, incidence of complication, hospital stay. The results showed no significant differences between SILS-A and VLS-A, while an evident improvement shows versus O-A, even though not statistically significative. SILS was more effective in decreasing the risk of postoperative wound infection. PMID:24091177
Ceci, F; Orsini, S; Tudisco, A; Avallone, M; Aiuti, F; Di Girolamo, V; Stefanelli, F; De Angelis, F; Martellucci, A; Costantino, A; Di Grazia, C; Nicodemi, S; Cipriani, B; Napoleoni, A; Mosillo, R; Corelli, S; Casciaro, G; Spaziani, E; Stagnitti, F
Background: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has gained great popularity in paediatric surgery due to its minimally invasive approach and improved cosmetic results. Notwithstanding, reports describing its adoption in children are still fragmentary and some perplexities have been raised by some surgeons. We reviewed our experience with the SILS Palomo varicocelectomy procedure (SIL-V) in children and adolescents, comparing this group with a similar series operated using conventional laparoscopic varicocelectomy (CL-V). Patients and Methods: A total of 69 Palomo laparoscopic varicocelectomies were performed in patients aged 11-17 years from January 2011 to January 2013. Indications for surgery included grades II-III varicocele or ipsilateral testicular hypotrophy. The SIL-V procedure was performed in 44 patients with roticulating and conventional 5 mm instruments. Testicular vessels were isolated "en bloc," clipped and cut. Operating time, visual analogue scale and post-operative results were compared to a similar group of 25 patients operated with CL-V. Results: No patient of the SIL-V group required conversion to conventional laparoscopy, none to open surgery. Mean operative time was 22 min (range: 19-28) in the SIL-V group, not significantly different compared with CL-V (mean 21 min, range: 18-25). All patients experienced a smooth recovery from surgery without any complications, and were discharged on day 1. No difficulties were found in the SIL-V group. The post-operative pain score was significantly better in SIL-V. Conclusion: The SIL-V procedure is safe and effective and allows a fast and efficient isolation of the vascular bundle. The use of conventional instruments is technically feasible in SIL-V. PMID:25047308
Marte, Antonio; Pintozzi, Lucia; Cavaiuolo, Silvia; Parmeggiani, Pio
BackgroundIt is not clear if robotically assisted surgery (providing articulating instruments, 3-dimensional vision, intuitive ergonomics) performed in pediatric patients offers the same advantages over conventional surgery as in adult patients. In the laboratory setting, robots require less time to perform certain tasks. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that the time required to perform a robotically assisted laparoscopic Thal semifundoplication is
Mark Lehnert; Bernd Richter; Peter A. Beyer; Klaus Heller
Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate perceptions of skills and practice patterns of gynecologists attending a course on total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). This course employed extensive use of pelvic trainer boxes to accomplish the Holiotomy Challenge. The “Holiotomy Challenge” entailed suturing two plastic pieces with six figure-of-N sutures tied with four square knots each. Methods. A survey was administered before the course and 3 months later. Data were analyzed by paired t-tests, McNemar's Chi Squares, and ANCOVAs with significance set P < .05. Results. At baseline, 216 surgeons and at 3 months 102 surgeons returned the survey. Surgeons' self-perceptions of their skills significantly increased from 6.24 to 7.28. Their reports of their surgical practice at home revealed significantly increased rates of minimally invasive procedures, from 42% to 54%. Significantly more surgeons reported having the ability to close the vagina, or a small cystotomy or enterotomy. Participation in the cadaver lab and presence of their practice partner did not impact these rates. Conclusions. A comprehensive course employing laparoscopic surgical simulation focused on basic surgical skills essential to TLH has a positive impact on attendees' self-rated skill level and rate of laparoscopic approaches. Many had begun performing TLH after the course.
O'Hanlan, Katherine A.; Beingesser, Kelli R.; Dibble, Suzanne L.
Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate perceptions of skills and practice patterns of gynecologists attending a course on total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). This course employed extensive use of pelvic trainer boxes to accomplish the Holiotomy Challenge. The "Holiotomy Challenge" entailed suturing two plastic pieces with six figure-of-N sutures tied with four square knots each. Methods. A survey was administered before the course and 3 months later. Data were analyzed by paired t-tests, McNemar's Chi Squares, and ANCOVAs with significance set P < .05. Results. At baseline, 216 surgeons and at 3 months 102 surgeons returned the survey. Surgeons' self-perceptions of their skills significantly increased from 6.24 to 7.28. Their reports of their surgical practice at home revealed significantly increased rates of minimally invasive procedures, from 42% to 54%. Significantly more surgeons reported having the ability to close the vagina, or a small cystotomy or enterotomy. Participation in the cadaver lab and presence of their practice partner did not impact these rates. Conclusions. A comprehensive course employing laparoscopic surgical simulation focused on basic surgical skills essential to TLH has a positive impact on attendees' self-rated skill level and rate of laparoscopic approaches. Many had begun performing TLH after the course. PMID:22474585
O'Hanlan, Katherine A; Beingesser, Kelli R; Dibble, Suzanne L
In a prospective study 60 patients underwent liver resection. Two different resection techniques, ultrasonic aspirator (CUSA, n = 30) and Jet-Cutter (n = 30), were compared, Speed of resection, blood loss, transfusion rate, liver hilus clamping time and tissue damage were evaluated on the basis of the area of transsected liver. Liver resection with the Jet-Cutter was significantly faster with a resection time of 0.35 min/cm2 in comparison to the CUSA (0.77 min/cm2, p < 0.001) and associated with less blood loss of 18.4 ml/cm2 (p < 0.05) than the CUSA technique (34.4 ml/cm2). Tissue damage in respect to levels of transaminases SGOT and SGPT was comparable with both techniques. The Jet-Cutter is a promising new instrument in liver surgery, and challenged by these results we used the Jet-Cutter in 7 patients performing laparoscopic liver resections. PMID:8777886
Rau, H G; Meyer, G; Jauch, K W; Cohnert, T U; Buttler, E; Schildberg, F W
PURPOSE: Traumatic manipulation of cancer specimens during laparoscopic colectomy may increase exfoliation of malignant cells into the peritoneal cavity, causing an early occurrence of peritoneal carcinomatosis or port-sites recurrence. Because of this concern, the routine use of intraperitoneal chemotherapy after laparoscopic colectomy for cancer was suggested recently. We assessed if laparoscopicvs. conventional surgery increases exfoliated malignant cells in the peritoneal
Seon Hahn Kim; Jeffrey W. Milsom; Terry L. Gramlich; Sean M. Toddy; Gregg I. Shore; Junji Okuda; Victor W. Fazio
Hysterectomies are performed vaginally, abdominally, or with laparoscopic or robotic assistance. When choosing the route and method of hysterectomy, the physicians should take into consideration how the procedure may be performed most safely and cost-effectively to fulfill the medical needs of the patient. Evidence demonstrates that, in general, vaginal hysterectomy is associated with better outcomes and fewer complications than laparoscopic or abdominal hysterectomy. When it is not feasible to perform a vaginal hysterectomy, the surgeon must choose between laparoscopic hysterectomy,robot-assisted hysterectomy, or abdominal hysterectomy. Experience with robot-assisted hysterectomy is limited at this time; more data are necessary to determine its role in the performance of hysterectomy. The decision to electively perform a salpingoophorectomy should not be influenced by the chosen route of hysterectomy and is not a contraindication to performing a vaginal hysterectomy. PMID:20168127
The benefits of laparoscopic surgery over conventional abdominal surgery have been well documented. Reducing postoperative pain, decreasing postoperative morbidity, hospital stay duration, and postoperative recovery time have all been demonstrated in recent peer-review literature. Robotic laparoscopy provides the added dimension of increased fine mobility and surgical control. With new single port surgical techniques, we have the added benefit of minimally invasive surgery and greater patient aesthetic satisfaction, as well as all the other benefits laparoscopic surgery offers. In this paper, we report a successful single port robotic hysterectomy and the simple process by which this technique is performed.
Lue, John R; Murray, Brian; Bush, Stephen
Purpose Single-fulcrum laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SFLC) is a variant type of single incision and multi-port technique that does not use specialized one-port devices or articulating instruments. We retrospectively compared perioperative outcomes of SFLC with those of conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). Materials and Methods Between March 2009 and December 2010, SFLC was performed in 130 patients. Among them, 105 patients with uncomplicated gallbladder disease (no inflammation or no clinical symptoms) and another 105 patients who underwent CLC were selected for this study. Results There was no open conversion. In comparison with CLC, SFLC was performed more often in young (46.4±12.2 years vs. 52.5±13.6 years, p=0.001) female patients (80/25 vs. 62/43, p=0.008). The total operation time was longer in SFLC (56.7±14.1 min vs. 47.5±17.1 min, p<0.001), but pain scores immediately after operation and at discharge time were lower for SFLC than for CLC (3.1±1.3 vs. 4.0±1.9, p<0.001, 2.0±0.9 vs. 2.4±0.8, p=0.002). Total cost was lower for SFLC than for CLC (US $ 1801±289.9 vs. US $ 2003±617.4, p=0.004). There were no differences in hospital stay or complication rates. Conclusion SFLC showed greater technical feasibility and cost benefits in treating uncomplicated benign gallbladder disease than CLC.
Hwang, Ho Kyoung; Choi, Sung Hoon; Lee, Woo Jung
Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) may be even less invasive to a patient than conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). Aim of the study of the applicability of the procedure, the first 1½ year of experiences and comparison with CLS for colonic cancer resections Material and methods. Since November 2010 SILS procedures was trained by two surgeons. Data was prospectively registered. Each of all colonic cancer resections was blindly matched with two patients operated with CLS within the period from 2009-2011 with respect of procedure, gender, T stadium, age, ASA score and BMI. In the routine accelerated "fast track" program the use of additional opioids was registered. Results. SILS was performed in 18 patients with cancer resections. Comparisons between the SILS procedures and the matched 36 CLS operations showed no significant difference in operation time, blood loss, lymph node harvest and hospital stay, but length of vascular pedicle was significantly larger in SILS procedures. Although only 50% of SILS patients received opioids postoperatively, this was not significantly different from the 71% receiving opioids in the CLS group, and similarly no significant difference in number of administrations or amount of opioids were seen. Conclusion. With reservation of a small study group we find SILS is like worthy to CLS in colorectal cancer surgery and a benefit in postoperative recovery and pain is possible, but has to be investigated in larger randomised studies. PMID:23612618
Mynster, Tommie; Wille-Jørgensen, Peer
New abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy techniques, such as classic intrafascial serrated edged macro-morcellator (SEMM) hysterectomy (CISH), by pelviscopy/laparoscopy or laparotomy, and intrafascial vaginal hysterectomy (IVH), are both essentially supravaginal techniques. It has been claimed that they give a prophylaxis against cervical stump carcinoma by coring out the cervix with the SEMM. We set out to answer two questions: 1) How can vaginosonography help to choose an adequate SEMM diameter so that the cervical mucosa and transformation zone are completely removed, and 2) How often do cervical glands remain after the coring out procedure? We were able to show a good correlation between sonographic and histological morphology by giant and serial sections. In 253 CISH operations, resection of both endocervix and transformation zone was complete in 92.9%. Dysplasias were always removed completely; only 18 cervical cores exhibited healthy glands (retention cysts) in the resection margin. Therefore, CISH procedures should be able to prevent most of the cervical stump carcinomata that follow traditional supravaginal hysterectomy, but only long-term follow-up will give the final proof.
Semm, Kurt; Luttges, Jutta; Mettler, Lieselotte
Objectives. We assess whether it is feasible for robotic hysterectomy for endometrial cancer to be less expensive to society than traditional laparoscopic hysterectomy or abdominal hysterectomy. Methods. We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of patient characteristics, operative times, complications, and hospital charges from all (n = 234) endometrial cancer patients who underwent hysterectomy in 2009 at our hospital. Per patient costs of each hysterectomy method were examined from the societal perspective. Sensitivity analysis and Monte Carlo simulation were performed using a cost-minimization model. Results. 40 (17.1%) of hysterectomies for endometrial cancer were robotic, 91 (38.9%), were abdominal, and 103 (44.0%) were laparoscopic. 96.3% of the variation in operative cost between patients was predicted by operative time (R = 0.963, P < 0.01). Mean operative time for robotic hysterectomy was significantly longer than other methods (P < 0.01). Abdominal hysterectomy was consistently the most expensive while the traditional laparoscopic approach was consistently least expensive. The threshold in operative time that makes robotic hysterectomy cost equivalent to the abdominal approach is within the range of our experience. Conclusion. It is feasible for robotic hysterectomy to be less expensive than abdominal hysterectomy, but unlikely for robotic hysterectomy to be less expensive than traditional laparoscopy.
Shah, Neel T.; Wright, Kelly N.; Jonsdottir, Gudrun M.; Jorgensen, Selena; Einarsson, Jon I.; Muto, Michael G.
Background and Objective: Radical parametrectomy (RP), performed either abdominally (ARP) or laparoscopically (LRP), is a viable alternative to radiotherapy in treating invasive cervical cancer, vaginal apex cancer, and endometrial cancer that is more advanced than initially suspected after hysterectomy. We carried out a comparative study on intra- and postoperative parameters between the two performed by similarly experienced surgeons. Methods: Forty consecutive patients indicative for RP were reviewed: 22 and 18 underwent ARP and LRP, respectively. Information was collected on demographics, indications for initial and this surgery, tumor characteristics, intra- and postoperative parameters, and complications. The lengths of resected parametrial and vaginal tissues were measured. Results: Compared with ARP, LRP resulted in shorter operative time (200 vs 239 min), less blood loss (627.8 vs 929.5 mL), shorter hospital stay (16.8 vs 19.9 days), and removal of more pelvic lymph nodes (27.4 ± 5.9 vs 23.1 ± 7.1). Although it was not attempted in ARP to remove lymph nodes in the deep obturator space, it was attempted in LRP and one positive node was found. In the ARP cohort there was one case of injury to the small intestine during surgery, whereas in LRP there was one instance of lower urologic fistula after surgery. Conclusion: LRP is superior to ARP in terms of shorter operative time, less blood loss, and shorter hospital stay while still maintaining the completeness of the procedure. It can be safely performed in the hands of experienced surgeons for cervical or vaginal apex carcinoma and stage II endometrial cancer after hysterectomy.
Jiang, Hongyuan; Qu, Lianxi; Hua, Keqin; Xu, Huan; Guo, Sun-Wei
Background: Laparoscopic procedures in oncological surgery are either done in curative or palliative intent. We present two\\u000a experiments comparing laparoscopic to conventional surgery in the curative and palliative setting regarding short-term (stress\\u000a and immune alteration) and long-term aspects (survival time and recurrence rate). Methods: We established two syngenic tumor-bearing\\u000a small animal models for curative liver resection (Morris hepatoma 3924A, ACI
C. Kuntz; P. Kienle; M. Schmeding; A. Benner; F. Autschbach; P. Schwalbach
Background Laparoscopic surgery has become the standard for treating appendicitis. The cosmetic benefits of using single-incision laparoscopy are well known, but its duration, complications and time to recovery have not been well documented. We compared 2 laparoscopic approaches for treating appendicitis and evaluated postoperative pain, complications and time to full recovery. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the cases of consecutive patients with appendicitis and compared those who underwent conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA) performed using 3 incisions and those who underwent single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA). During SILA, the single port was prepared to increase visibility of the operative site. Results Our analysis included 688 consecutive patients: 618 who underwent CLA and 70 who underwent SILA. Postsurgical complications occurred more frequently in the CLA than the SILA group (18.1% v. 7.1%, p = 0.018). Patients who underwent SILA returned to oral feeding sooner than those who underwent CLA (median 12 h v. 22 h, p < 0.001). These between-group differences remained significant after controlling for other factors. Direct comparison of only nonperforated cases, which was determined by pathological examination, revealed that SILA was significantly longer than CLA (60 min v. 50 min, p < 0.001). Patients who underwent SILA had longer in-hospital stays than those who underwent CLA (72 v. 55 h, p < 0.001); however, they had significantly fewer complications (3.0% v. 14.4%, p = 0.006). Conclusion In addition to its cosmetic advantages, SILA led to rapid recovery and no increase in postsurgical pain or complications.
Liang, Hung-Hua; Hung, Chin-Sheng; Wang, Weu; Tam, Ka-Wai; Chang, Chun-Chao; Liu, Hui-Hsiung; Yen, Ko-Li; Wei, Po-Li
Objective: Patients demand that health care and procedures in rural areas be provided by ambulatory surgery centers close to home. However, the reimbursement rate for such procedures in ambulatory centers is extremely low, so a standard classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy procedure needs to be more cost effective to be performed there. Instruments and disposable devices can make up ?50% of hospital costs for this procedure, so any cost reduction has to focus on this aspect. Methods: We identified the 3 most expensive disposable devices: (1) an Endostapler, US $498 and 3 staple reloads, US $179 each; (2) a calibrated uterine resection tool 15 mm for encoring of the endocervical canal, US $853; and (3) a serrated edged macro morcellator for intraabdominal uterus morcellation, US $321, and substituted them using classic conservative surgical techniques. Results: From September 2001 to September 2002, we performed 26 procedures with this modified technique at an ambulatory surgery center with a follow-up of 6.7 (2 to 14) months. This modified operative technique was feasible; no conversions were necessary, and no complications occurred. Cost savings were US $2209 per procedure; additional costs were US $266.33 for suture material and an Endopouch, resulting in an overall savings of US $50 509.42. The disadvantage was an increase in operating room time of about 1 hour 20 minutes per case. Conclusion: These modifications in the classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy technique have proven to be feasible, safe, and highly cost effective, especially for a rural ambulatory surgery center. Long-term follow-up is necessary to further evaluate these operative modifications.
Morrison, John E.
Vaginal vault dehiscence (VVD) may occur rarely after hysterectomy. Although mostly, a vaginal cuff dehiscence is seen after robotic or laparoscopic hysterectomy, it may also be observed as a complication of abdominal or vaginal hysterectomy. Vaginal repair is one of the techniques used for VVD. Here, we will describe a case of vaginally repaired VVD, associated with intra-abdominal hematoma after postpartum hysterectomy. PMID:24876366
Avc?o?lu, Sümeyra Nergiz; Alt?nkaya, Sündüz Özlem; Küçük, Mert; Yüksel, Hasan; Demircan-Sezer, Selda
Between 1993 and 1994, 368 women underwent hysterectomies for benign disorders at the University of Kiel. Of these, 58.7% were performed either by pelviscopic or by laparotomy Classic Intrafascial Supracervical Hysterectomy (CISH). Of the remaining, 14.8% were performed by abdominal hysterectomy, 13.6% by Intrafascial Vaginal Hysterectomy (IVH), 12.2% by Vaginal Hysterectomy (VH), and only 0.05% by Laparoscopic Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy (LAVH). Comparative data of these six surgical techniques concerning patients characteristics, indications for operation, histological features, blood loss, operating time, hospital stay, uterine weights and postoperatively used analgesics are described.
Prospective Observational Study of Single-Site Multiport Per-umbilical Laparoscopic Endosurgery versus Conventional Multiport Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Critical Appraisal of a Unique Umbilical Approach
Purpose. This prospective observational study compares an innovative approach of Single-Site Multi-Port Per-umbilical Laparoscopic Endo-surgery (SSMPPLE) cholecystectomy with the gold standard—Conventional Multi-port Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (CMLC)—to assess the feasibility and efficacy of the former. Methods. In all, 646 patients were studied. SSMPPLE cholecystectomy utilized three ports inserted through three independent mini-incisions at the umbilicus. Only the day-to-day rigid laparoscopic instruments were used in all cases. The SSMPPLE cholecystectomy group had 320 patients and the CMLC group had 326 patients. The outcomes were statistically compared. Results. SSMPPLE cholecystectomy had average operative time of 43.8?min and blood loss of 9.4?mL. Their duration of hospitalization was 1.3 days (range, 1–5). Six patients (1.9%) of this group were converted to CMLC. Eleven patients had controlled gallbladder perforations at dissection. The Visual Analogue Scores for pain on postoperative days 0 and 7, the operative time, and the scar grades were significantly better for SSMPPLE than CMLC. However, umbilical sepsis and seroma outcomes were similar. We had no bile-duct injuries or port-site hernias in this study. Conclusion. SSMPPLE cholecystectomy approach complies with the principles of laparoscopic triangulation; it seems feasible and safe method of minimally invasive cholecystectomy. Overall, it has a potential to emerge as an economically viable alternative to single-port surgery.
Jategaonkar, Priyadarshan Anand; Yadav, Sudeep Pradeep
Aim. Laparoscopic-assisted single-port appendectomy (SPA), although combining the advantages of open and conventional laparoscopic surgery, is still not widely used in childhood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and the cost effectiveness of SPA in children. Methods. After institutional review board approval, we retrospectively evaluated 262 children who underwent SPA. The appendix was dissected outside the abdominal cavity as in open surgery. For stump closure, we used two 3/0 vicryl RB-1 sutures. Results. We identified 146 boys (55.7%) and 116 girls (44.3%). Median age at operation was 11.4 years (range, 1.1–15.9). Closure of the appendiceal stump using two sutures (cost: USD 15) was successful in all patients. Neither a stapler (cost: USD 276) nor endoloops (cost: USD 89) were used. During a follow-up of up to 69 months (range, 30–69), six obese children (2.3%, body mass index >95th percentile) developed an intra-abdominal abscess after perforated appendicitis. No insufficiency of the appendiceal stump was observed by ultrasound. Five of them were treated successfully by antibiotics, one child required drainage. Conclusion. The SPA technique with conventional extracorporal closure of the appendiceal stump is safe and cost effective. In our unit, SPA is the standard procedure for appendectomy in children.
Sesia, Sergio B.; Haecker, Frank-Martin
Abstract Background and Purpose: Laparoscopy is a common approach to manage varicoceles in both the adult and pediatric population. The purpose of this study is to report our experience and compare outcomes between conventional laparoscopy and laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery for varicocelectomy in the pediatric population. Patients and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed of all patients who underwent conventional laparoscopic varicocelectomy (LV) and laparoendoscopic single-site varicocelectomy (LESSV) at a single pediatric institution from December 2007 to March 2012. Patient demographics, intraoperative details, narcotic use, and complications were reviewed. Results: LV was performed in 32 patients and LESSV in 11 patients. None had conversion to open surgery. Median age was 16 years for LV (range 12-23) and 15 years for LESSV (range 12-20), P=0.061. Median operative time was 55 minutes for LV (range 28-90) and 46 minutes for LESSV (range 33-59), P=0.037. Nine (81.8%) patients in the LESSV group and 10 (31.2%) patients in the LV group were administered narcotics in the recovery room, P=0.005. One (3.1%) patient in the LV group was administered ketorolac in the recovery room, P=1. Five patients in each group, LESSV (45.5%) and LV (15.6%), received acetaminophen in the recovery room, P=0.092. All procedures were performed on an outpatient basis except for one because of a concomitant procedure. Median follow-up was 22 months in LV and 15 months in LESSV, P=0.015. One (3.1%) postoperative hydrocele was noted after LV and 1 (9.1%) after LESSV, P=0.451. All varicoceles were clinically resolved in both groups. Conclusions: LESSV is comparable to LV in the pediatric population. Our initial experience indicates that the LESS approach may be more painful in the immediate postoperative period than conventional laparoscopy. The LESS technique warrants further evaluation to determine if one approach is clearly more advantageous. PMID:24147752
Bansal, Danesh; Riachy, Edward; Defoor, W Robert; Reddy, Pramod P; Minevich, Eugene A; Alam, Shumyle; Noh, Paul H
Purpose The aim of our study was to compare single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC) with respect to clinical outcomes. Methods Patients with less than a 28 body mass index (BMI) and a benign gall bladder disease were enrolled in this study. From January 2011 to February 2012, 30 consecutive patients who underwent SILC were compared with 30 patients who underwent CLC during the same period. In this study, all operations were performed by one surgeon. In each group, patient characteristics and perioperative data were collected. Results There was no significant difference in the preoperative characteristics. There was no significant difference in the postoperative laboratory result (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase), number of conversion and complication cases, and length of hospital stay. The operation time was significantly longer in the SILC group (78.5 ± 17.8 minutes in SILC group vs. 34.9 ± 5.75 minutes in CLC group, P < 0.0001). The total nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug usage during perioperative period showed significantly higher in SILC groups (162 ± 51 mg in the SILC group vs. 138 ± 30 mg in the CLC group), but there was no statistically significant difference in opioid usage between two groups. The postoperative pain score was significantly higher in the SILC group at second, third, and tenth postoperative day. Satisfaction of postoperative wound showed superiority in SILC group. Conclusion SILC seems to be an acceptable alternative to CLC with acceptable results. However, it is not enough to propose any real benefits of SILC when compared with CLC in terms of operation time and postoperative pain.
Jung, Gum O; Park, Dong Eun
Laparoscopic hernioplasty was performed in a prospective fashion in 100 inguinal hernias in 66 patients. When available, a self-expanding prosthesis of Mersilene, strengthened with a cross- or star-shaped wire of Nitinol, was used without fixation (group B, 43 hernias). When this prosthesis was not available, a "classic" Prolene prosthesis was used, placed preperitoneally, and stapled according to the technique of Corbitt (group A, 57 hernias). This study compares the results of the two techniques. The use of a mesh-expanding Nitinol frame significantly shortens the operating time. Since two recurrences appeared in this group, we suggest that this modified mesh should also be stapled in place. PMID:8351604
Himpens, J M
Laparoscopic techniques have revolutionized the concept of minimally invasive surgery. Robotically assisted surgery is one of the latest innovations in this field and many operative laparoscopic procedures have been performed in urology, cardiac and general surgery. More recently, the use of robotically assisted techniques have been introduced in gynaecology, and most available studies have shown it to be a safe and effective alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery. However, whether or not to approach the management of certain gynaecological pathologies with a laparotomy or laparoscopy (conventional or with robotic aid) continues to be a point of debate. This article reviews recent developments in the endoscopic management of reproductive (tubal reanastomosis and myomectomies) and other gynaecological surgical conditions (hysterectomies, pelvic organ prolapse, repair of vesicovaginal fistulas and staging for gynaecological malignancies). Ongoing controversies associated with this technology, such as cost, learning curve, conversion rate to laparotomy, post-surgical fertility and complications, are briefly addressed. Long-term analysis of outcomes is ongoing. PMID:17579994
Bocca, Silvina; Stadtmauer, Laurel; Oehninger, Sergio
Laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy has become a popular surgical option, particularly for the treatment of early gastric cancer. A multi-institutional clinical trial has recently demonstrated that satisfactory results have been obtained with the clinical outcomes of laparoscopic gastrectomy for early gastric cacer, which was not inferior to those obtained by a conventional open procedure. However, the indication of laparoscopic gastrectomy for the treatment of patients with advanced gastric cancer has remained controversial. In this paper, we describe the current status of gastric cancer treatment, including lymph node dissection and reconstruction procedures. We also provide future perspectives concerning the robot-assisted laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer. PMID:23198560
Yoshimura, Fumihiro; Uyama, Ichiro
In order to assess the effectiveness and costs of robot-assisted hysterectomy compared with conventional techniques we reviewed the literature separately for benign and malignant conditions, and conducted a cost analysis for different techniques of hysterectomy from a hospital economic database. Unlimited systematic literature search of Medline, Cochrane and CRD databases produced only two randomized trials, both for benign conditions. For the outcome assessment, data from two HTA reports, one systematic review, and 16 original articles were extracted and analyzed. Furthermore, one cost modelling and 13 original cost studies were analyzed. In malignant conditions, less blood loss, fewer complications and a shorter hospital stay were considered as the main advantages of robot-assisted surgery, like any mini-invasive technique when compared to open surgery. There were no significant differences between the techniques regarding oncological outcomes. When compared to laparoscopic hysterectomy, the main benefit of robot-assistance was a shorter learning curve associated with fewer conversions but the length of robotic operation was often longer. In benign conditions, no clinically significant differences were reported and vaginal hysterectomy was considered the optimal choice when feasible. According to Finnish data, the costs of robot-assisted hysterectomies were 1.5-3 times higher than the costs of conventional techniques. In benign conditions the difference in cost was highest. Because of expensive disposable supplies, unit costs were high regardless of the annual number of robotic operations. Hence, in the current distribution of cost pattern, economical effectiveness cannot be markedly improved by increasing the volume of robotic surgery. PMID:24703710
Tapper, Anna-Maija; Hannola, Mikko; Zeitlin, Rainer; Isojärvi, Jaana; Sintonen, Harri; Ikonen, Tuija S
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of early rehabilitation after surgery program (ERAS) in patients undergoing laparoscopic assisted total gastrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a study where 47 patients who are undergoing lap assisted total gastrectomy are selected. Twenty-two (n = 22) patients received enhanced recovery programme (ERAS) management and rest twenty-five (n = 25) conventional management during the perioperative period. The length of postoperative hospital stay, time to passage of first flatus, intraoperative and postoperative complications, readmission rate and 30 day mortality is compared. Serum levels of C-reactive protein pre-operatively and also on post-op day 1 and 3 are compared. RESULTS: Postoperative hospital stay is shorter in ERAS group (78 ± 26 h) when compared to conventional group (140 ± 28 h). ERAS group passed flatus earlier than conventional group (37 ± 9 h vs. 74 ± 16 h). There is no significant difference in complications between the two groups. Serum levels of CRP are significantly low in ERAS group in comparison to conventional group. [d1 (52.40 ± 10.43) g/L vs. (73.07 ± 19.32) g/L, d3 (126.10 ± 18.62) g/L vs. (160.72 ± 26.18) g/L)]. CONCLUSION: ERAS in lap-assisted total gastrectomy is safe, feasible and efficient and it can ameliorate post-operative stress and accelerate postoperative rehabilitation in patients with gastric cancer. Short term follow up results are encouraging but we need long term studies to know its long term benefits.
Sahoo, Manash Ranjan; Gowda, Manoj S; Kumar, Anil T
Background Annually approximately 100.000 patients undergo a laparotomy in the Netherlands. About 15,000 of these patients will develop an incisional hernia. Both open and laparoscopic surgical repair have been proven to be safe. However, the most effective treatment of incisional hernias remains unclear. This study, the ‘INCH-trial’, comparing cost-effectiveness of open and laparoscopic incisional hernia repair, is therefore needed. Methods/Design A randomized multi-center clinical trial comparing cost-effectiveness of open and laparoscopic repair of incisional hernias. Patients with a symptomatic incisional hernia, eligible for laparoscopic and open incisional hernia repair. Only surgeons, experienced in both open and laparoscopic incisional hernia repair, will participate in the INCH trial. During incisional hernia repair, a mesh is placed under or on top of the fascia, with a minimal overlap of 5 cm. Primary endpoint is length of hospital stay after an incisional hernia repair. Secondary endpoints are time to full recovery within three months after index surgery, post-operative complications, recurrences, mortality and quality of life. Our hypothesis is that laparoscopic incisional hernia repair comes with a significant shorter hospital stay compared to open incisional hernia repair. A difference of two days is considered significant. One-hunderd-and-thirty-five patients are enrolled in each treatment arm. The economic evaluation will be performed from a societal perspective. Primary outcomes are costs per patient related to time-to-recovery and quality of life. The main goal of the trial is to establish whether laparoscopic incisional hernia repair is superior to conventional open incisional hernia repair in terms of cost-effectiveness. This is measured through length of hospital stay and quality of life. Secondary endpoints are re-operation rate due to post-operative complications or recurrences, mortality and quality of life. Discussion The difference in time to full recovery between the two treatment strategies is thought to be in favor of laparoscopic incisional hernia repair. Laparoscopic incisional hernia repair is therefore expected to be a more cost-effective approach. Trial registration Netherlands Trial register: NTR2808
The present study aimed to compare the results of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) and conventional laparotomy (CL) at a single institution in Japan. Of the 212 patients with stage I/II/III colorectal cancer who received a curative resection, 98 patients underwent HALS and 114 patients underwent CL. The clinical background and post-operative management did not differ between the two groups. There were no significant differences in the 3-year relapse-free and 3-year overall survival rates between the HALS and CL groups for the patients in any stage. Blood loss during surgery was 250.1 and 135.5 ml (mean and median; the same hereafter) in stage I patients receiving HALS versus 608.2 and 315.5 ml in stage I CL patients (P=0.006), while it was 277.6 and 146 ml in stage II patients receiving HALS versus 548.6 and 347 ml in stage II CL patients (P=0.004). Post-operative hospital stay was recorded at 16.8 and 15 days in stage III patients receiving HALS versus 23.1 and 21 days in stage III CL patients (P=0.001). There were no significant differences in the operating time or complications between the two groups. These results indicate that the survival rate was comparable for HALS and CL, while HALS caused less surgical stress and achieved a better cosmetic outcome. The results of the final analysis of this cohort are awaited.
TAJIMA, TAKAYUKI; MUKAI, MASAYA; YAMAZAKI, MASASHI; HIGAMI, SHIGEO; YAMAMOTO, SOUICHIROU; HASEGAWA, SAYURI; NOMURA, EIJI; SADAHIRO, SOTARO; YASUDA, SEIEI; MAKUUCHI, HIROYASU
This retrospective study assesses and compares perioperative parameters in two groups of patients treated by different operative\\u000a techniques of laparoscopic surgical staging (LASS) for uterine cancer. Between April 1996 and May 2005, 119 consecutively\\u000a selected women with cervical cancer (n=30) or clinical stage I endometrial cancer (n=89) underwent laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) or radical laparoscopic
Zdenek Holub; Antonin Jabor
Background and Objectives: To estimate the effect of surgeon volume on key perioperative outcomes after all modes of hysterectomy. Methods: We performed a review of 1914 hysterectomies performed at a large, academic tertiary-care hospital. Women who underwent abdominal, laparoscopic, vaginal, or robotic hysterectomy for benign non-obstetric indications in 2006, 2009, and 2010 were included. Results: Gynecologic surgeons were categorized according their average annual hysterectomy case volume: low volume (<11 cases per year), intermediate volume (11–50 cases per year), and high-volume (>51 cases per year). Taking all modes of hysterectomy together, surgeries performed by high-volume surgeons required a shorter operative time (155.11 minutes vs 199.19–203.35 minutes, P < .001) and resulted in less estimated blood loss compared with low- and intermediate-volume surgeons (161.09 mL vs 205.58–237.96 mL, P < .001). The 3 surgical volume groups did not differ from each other significantly in the conversion to laparotomy, readmission rate, or incidence of intraoperative or postoperative complications. These findings were maintained when subgroup analyses were performed by type of hysterectomy, with few exceptions. In the subgroup of vaginal hysterectomies by intermediate-volume surgeons, there were slightly more postoperative complications. There were fewer intraoperative complications in laparoscopic/robotic hysterectomies performed by high-volume surgeons, though not statistically significant. Conclusions: Hysterectomies performed by high-volume surgeons at our institution during the 3-year study period were associated with shorter operative times and less estimated blood loss.
Vree, Florentien E. M.; Cohen, Sarah L.; Chavan, Niraj
OBJECTIVE To compare the risk of ureteral compromise and of recurrent vault prolapse following vaginal vs. laparoscopic uterosacral vault suspension at the time of vaginal hysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN In this retrospective, cohort study, uterosacral ligament suspension was performed using either a vaginal or laparoscopic approach. The primary outcome was intraoperative ureteral compromise; secondary outcomes were postoperative anatomic result and recurrent prolapse. The Canadian Task Force Classification was II-2. RESULTS One hundred eighteen patients were included: 96 patients in the vaginal group and 22 patients in the laparoscopic group. Ureteral compromise was identified intraoperatively in 4 (4.2%) cases in the vaginal group; no ureteral compromise was observed in the laparoscopic group (p = 0.33). Failure at the apex, defined as stage ? II for point C, was seen in 6.3% of patients in the vaginal group as compared with 0% in the laparoscopic group; this difference did not achieve statistical significance. Similarly, trends toward lower recurrent symptomatic vault prolapse (10% vs. 0%), any symptomatic prolapse recurrence (12.5% vs. 4.6%), and higher postoperative Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification point C were observed in the laparoscopic group (p > 0.05 for all). CONCLUSION Laparoscopic uterosacral vault suspension following vaginal hysterectomy is a safe alternative to the vaginal approach.
Rardin, Charles R.; Erekson, Elisabeth A.; Sung, Vivian W.; Ward, Renee M.; Myers, Deborah L.
Purpose: To determine the role of laparoscopic lymphadenectomy (pelvis ± para-aortic nodes) and laparoscopic hysterectomy in cervical cancer compared to ‘classic radical surgery’ in patients undergoing surgery in comparison with modern imaging in patients treated with radiotherapy alone.Materials and methods: The limitations of modern imaging are presented as well as how complication rates can be increased when classic laparotomy is
Alain Gerbaulet; Eric Lartigau; Christine Haie-Meder; Damienne Castaigne; Philippe Morice; Christel Breton; Patricia Pautier; Pierre Duvillard
Objective: We report and review herein our 10-year experience with classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy focusing on our long-term experience, evolution of the operative technique, and increased use of this technique. Method: We performed a parallel, observational study with retrospective data to evaluate classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy, a laparoscopic hysterectomy technique, at Fayette Medical Center, a community hospital in Northwestern Alabama, USA. Patients comprised a consecutive series of 579 over a 10-year period from November 1992 through November 2002. Results: The classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy technique, similar to standard supracervical hysterectomy, leaves the cardinal ligament, uterosacral ligament, vascular supply, and innervation to the upper vagina and cervix intact, but unlike supracervical hysterectomy removes the transition zone and endocervical canal. For 579 patients, the average age was 45.4 years (range, 22 to 92), follow- up was 75.3 months (range, 17 to 137), operating room time was 69 minutes (range, 44 to 370), blood loss was 72 mL (range, 10 to 765), length of hospital stay was 23.2 hours (range, 14 hours to 5 days), time to return to work was 13.2 days (range, 3 to 28). Complications include 11 cervical bleedings, 1 uterine artery bleeding, 1 pelvic hematoma, 1 postoperative ileus, and 16 mucoceles of the cervical stump. Three patients were converted from a laparoscopic to an open procedure (0.52%). Long-term follow-up of up to 137 months shows no adverse events thus far. Conclusions: Classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy is a safe procedure with a low short- and long-term complication rate. It has a short recuperation period and high patient satisfaction. It is the procedure of choice when hysterectomy is indicated for benign disease.
Morrison, John E.
The ratio of vaginal hysterectomy to abdominal hysterectomy in the UK is 1:3. It is well known that patients who have had a vaginal hysterectomy recover better compared with abdominal hysterectomy. However, abdominal hysterectomy is the preferred method in most hospitals because it is deemed easier to do. With ERBE Biclamp diathermy forceps, vaginal hysterectomy could be safely and easily performed by gynaecologists. This study showed a different surgical technique for performing vaginal hysterectomy. It allowed easier and safer operations in patients with large uterus, fibroid uterus, where there was no uterine descent and narrow introitus. Also it allowed the adnexal appendages to be removed easily by the vaginal route. We compared 100 patients who had a vaginal hysterectomy performed using this method, with patients who had a vaginal hysterectomy performed by the conventional method using sutures. We found that we could safely perform vaginal hysterectomy with greater ease. Also, the need for postoperative analgesia was less and the patients were discharged earlier. Consequently, the patients' convalescence period was shorter and better. PMID:17999303
Chia, K V; Tandon, S; Moukarram, H
Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) had become one of the main options for management of choledocholithiasis. This retrospective comparative study aimed to evaluate on the feasibility and advantages of primary closure versus conventional T-tube drainage of the common bile duct (CBD) after laparoscopic choledochotomy. In this retrospective analysis, 100 patients (47 men and 53 women) with choledocholithiasis who underwent primary closure of the CBD (without T-tube drainage) after LCBDE (Group A) were compared with 92 patients who underwent LCBDE with T-tube drainage (Group B). Both groups were evaluated with regard to biliary complications, hospital stay, and recurrence of stones. The mean operation time was 104.12 minutes for Group A and 108.92 minutes for Group B (P = 0.069). The hospital stay was significantly shorter in Group A than that in Group B (6.95 days and 12.05 days, respectively; P < 0.001). In Group A, bile leakage occurred in two patients on postoperative Day 2 and Day 3, respectively. In Group B, bile leakage noted in one patient after removal of the T-tube on Day 14 after operation (P = 1.000). With a median follow-up time of 40 months for both groups, stone recurrence was noted in two patients in Group A and three patients in Group B (P = 0.672). Primary closure of the CBD is safe and feasible in selected patients after laparoscopic choledochotomy. It results in shorter duration of hospital stay without the need for carrying/care of a T-tube in the postoperative period and similar stone recurrence as that of the conventional method. PMID:24480219
Zhang, Hong-Wei; Chen, Ya-Jin; Wu, Chang-Hao; Li, Wen-Da
Purpose The Niti CAR 27 (ColonRing) uses compression to create an anastomosis. This study aimed to investigate the safety and the effectiveness of the anastomosis created with the Niti CAR 27 in a laparoscopic anterior resection for sigmoid colon cancer. Methods In a single-center study, 157 consecutive patients who received an operation between March 2010 and December 2011 were retrospectively assessed. The Niti CAR 27 (CAR group, 63 patients) colorectal anastomoses were compared with the conventional double-stapled (CDS group, 94 patients) colorectal anastomoses. Intraoperative, immediate postoperative and 6-month follow-up data were recorded. Results There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of age, gender, tumor location and other clinical characteristics. One patient (1.6%) in the CAR group and 2 patients (2.1%) in the CDS group experienced complications of anastomotic leakage (P = 0.647). These three patients underwent a diverting loop ileostomy. There were 2 cases (2.1%) of bleeding at the anastomosis site in the CDS group. All patients underwent a follow-up colonoscopy (median, 6 months). One patient in the CAR group experienced anastomotic stricture (1.6% vs. 0%; P = 0.401). This complication was solved by using balloon dilatation. Conclusion Anastomosis using the Niti CAR 27 device in a laparoscopic anterior resection for sigmoid colon cancer is safe and feasible. Its use is equivalent to that of the conventional double-stapler.
Kwag, Seung-Jin; Kim, Jun-Gi; Kang, Won-Kyung; Lee, Jin-Kwon
This report summarizes the 2005 Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons’ inguinal herniorrhaphy debate.\\u000a Most inguinal herniorrhaphies in the United States are performed using one of several prosthesis-based, tension-free (TFR)\\u000a procedures. Approximately 15% of the procedures used are laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphies (LIH). Technical ease, lower\\u000a cost, and local anesthesia are the major advantages attributed to TFR, whereas superior cosmesis,
V. Puri; E. Felix; R. J. Fitzgibbons Jr
Endometriosis (the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside of the uterine cavity) is a common gynecologic problem affecting 10% of women in the general population, 40% of women with infertility and 60% of women with chronic pelvic pain. Laparoscopy has revolutionized management of women with endometriosis. Diagnosis of endometriosis depends on visualization of endometriotic lesions and histologic confirmation. Endometriotic implants have a multitude of appearances: powder burns, red, blue-black, yellow, white, clear vesicular and peritoneal windows. Diagnostic laparoscopy is often combined with operative procedures to treat manifestations and symptoms of endometriosis. This often includes removal or laser vaporization of endometriotic implants, lysis of adhesions, restoration of normal anatomy and removal or fulguration of ovarian endometriomas (conservative surgery). Severe incapacitating endometriosis, recurrent endometriosis following conservative surgery and symptomatic endometriosis in women not desiring more children is often treated by laparoscopic unilateral or bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy or laparoscopically-assisted vaginal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (radical surgery). Endometriosis affecting the appendix, ureters, bladder wall and rectosigmoid colon could be treated with laparoscopic appendectomy, excision of endometriotic implants or laparoscopic colectomy and anastomosis, respectively. Hydrodis-section and use of CO2 super pulsed laser aid in removal of adherent endometriotic implants without damage to normal underlying structures. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery promises to provide advantages in the management of women with severe endometriosis secondary to 3-dimensional visualization, decreasing surgeon's fatigue and hand tremors and improving surgical precision. PMID:18560348
Eltabbakh, G H; Bower, N A
We assessed the efficacy of laparoscopic treatment of rectocele defect using a polyglactin mesh graft. From May 1, 1995, through September 30, 1995, we prospectively evaluated 20 women (age 38–74 yrs) undergoing pelvic floor reconstruction for symptomatic pelvic floor prolapse, with or without hysterectomy. Morbidity of the procedure was extremely low compared with standard transvaginal and transrectal approaches. Patients were
Thomas L. Lyons; Wendy K. Winer
Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of routine cystoscopy at the time of abdominal, vaginal, and laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy in terms of cost per ureteral injury identified and treated.Methods: Using a hospital-based perspective, a decision-analysis model was constructed to estimate the outcomes and costs of cystoscopy or no cystoscopy at the time of abdominal hysterectomy. A similar model was constructed
Anthony G Visco; Katherine H Taber; Alison C Weidner; Matthew D Barber; Evan R Myers
Laparo-endoscopic single site (LESS) surgery has recently gained broader acceptance as a less-invasive approach to traditional multi-port laparoscopic procedures. LESS hysterectomy represents the gynecologic surgeon's progression toward this goal of performing minimally invasive hysterectomy procedures through increasingly fewer incisions. Although this procedure offers improved cosmesis and potentially decreased post-operative pain, there are also many challenges to adoption of this surgical procedure. LESS hysterectomy is associated with a steep learning curve and the need for the gynecologic surgeon to adopt new technologies and develop a new set of surgical skills. Following the basic principles of LESS surgery is essential for the gynecologic surgeon to safely and efficiently adopt this surgical procedure. Advances in surgical instrumentation will continue to allow surgeons to perform increasingly complex LESS surgical procedures in the future. PMID:21082567
Hart, Stuart; Yeung, Patrick; Sobolewski, Craig J
Caesarean hysterectomy evolved as a life-saving procedure following caesarean delivery. The concept underlying caesarean hysterectomy dates back to the mid 1700s and with a description of the procedure performed on laboratory animals. Eduardo Porro of Milan performed the first planned caesarean hysterectomy in which both the infant and the mother survived. He documented his operation in a paper published in 1876. Porro advocated hysterectomy combined with caesarean section to control post partum haemorrhage and to prevent infection. The maternal death rate following the operation remained high, but was substantly below the rate prior to the introduction of the procedure. The Porro procedure contributed to more favourable outcome for both the mother and the infant, having sterility and premature menopause as its side effects. Fortunately, the need for the procedure was soon minimised following the proposal to close the uterine incision with sutures. Although elective caesarean hysterectomy is still a controversial issue, there is no doubt that emergency post partum hysterectomy in case of massive obstetric haemorrhage is potentially life-saving. Over the past decades, the availability of potent uterotonics and broad-spectrum antibiotics, the development of embolisation techniques, and new methods of vessel ligation, have markedly reduced the need for caesarean hysterectomy, which, however, remains an important procedure in modern obstetric practice. PMID:22924296
Spari?, Radmila; Kadija, Sasa; Hudelist, Gernot; Glisi?, Andreja; Buzadzi?, Snezana
Hysterectomy is one of the most frequently performed operations in the world, accounting for 500,000-600,000 procedures annually in the USA; the abdominal route for hysterectomy is the preferred route in 60-80% of these operations. Although the number of total abdominal hysterectomies performed annually has decreased, the number of subtotal abdominal hysterectomies increased by >400%. The major indications for abdominal hysterectomy include abnormal uterine bleeding, myomata uteri, adenomyosis, endometriosis, neoplasia, and chronic salpingitis. The basis for selection for subtotal versus total hysterectomy has little in the way of factual data to support it and may actually present some significant disadvantages, such as continued menstruation and cervical prolapse. The detailed technique for performing intrafascial abdominal hysterectomy relies heavily on precise knowledge of pelvic anatomy and compulsive detail to tissue handling. The consistent and correct usage of prophylactic antimicrobials, measures to prevent thromboemboli, and procedures to avoid urinary retention are key to the overall success of the surgery. PMID:15985251
Baggish, Michael S
The depth of focus of the latest-model "Chip-on-the-Tip" laparoscopes is limited to 10 cm. The proposed omnifocus laparoscope stretches this depth of focus to 160 cm. The proposed laparoscope is omnifocus, which means that all spots in the picture are in focus, not just certain designated spots as in autofocus devices. This is important because the entire scene needs to be focused during surgery. The omnifocus laparoscope is equipped with an array of color video cameras, each focused at a different distance. The distance information from the laparoscopic profilometer is used to generate a single omnifocused image. PMID:24513740
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to determine the number of women undergoing hysterectomy after endometrial ablation and the indications for the subsequent surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-two premenopausal women, who had severe menorrhagia associated with a clinically normal examination result, underwent rollerball endometrial ablation between November 1990 and December 1991. Thirty-seven women whom we gave ongoing care were evaluated by chart review.
James B. Unger; G. Rodney Meeks
Surgical outcomes and costs of laparoscopic and robotic hysterectomy for the treatment of endometrial carcinoma were compared in a centre with lengthy experience with laparoscopic surgery. The robotic cohort (n = 67) had a longer operative time than the laparoscopic cohort (n = 150) (p < 0.0001). Lymph node yields were similar for both surgical modalities, but the median of estimated blood loss was lower in the robotic group (50 ml vs 100 ml; p < 0.0001). The proportion of patients with hospital stay > 2 days and rate of overall complications were similar in both groups. Operative costs were (Euros) €1,680 and €3,860 for the laparoscopic and robotic procedure, respectively. We conclude that robotic technology is feasible but does not provide short-term benefits for the treatment of endometrial carcinoma in a centre where laparoscopy has been established as the standardised minimally invasive surgical method. PMID:24127963
Turunen, H; Pakarinen, P; Sjöberg, J; Loukovaara, M
We report a case of laparoscopic cholecystectomy that was performed using a robotic surgical system. A 70-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic robotic cholecystectomy ZEUS, the robotic system used in our study, has three interactive robotic arms fixed to the side of the operating table. The arms are controlled by the surgeon, who sits at a remote computer console. The surgeon's movements can be scaled down, and tremor is filtered out. The robotic-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy was completed in 42 min. The time to set up the robot was 22 mins. All of the surgically reproducible robotic maneuvers were performed without any particular difficulty. The robotic movements were stable, accurate, and reliable, as well as easy to control with precision. Our preliminary experience indicates that robotic laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and can be as fast as conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, further clinical applications of robotic surgery are needed to confirm this observation. PMID:11961647
Goh, P M Y; Lomanto, D; So, J B Y
We investigated whether laparoscopic vs open surgical approaches affected the duration of neuromuscular blockade following a single bolus dose of rocuronium. Fifty-three female patients underwent either laparoscopic or open gynaecological surgery. Rocuronium 0.6 mg.kg(-1) was administered to achieve neuromuscular blockade in all subjects, and adductor pollicis train-of-four responses following ulnar nerve stimulation were monitored with mechanomyography. The mean (SD) time from injection of rocuronium until spontaneous recovery of the first twitch, and to 5% and 25% of baseline, was significantly prolonged in the laparoscopic group (27.2 (8.3) min, 31.3 (9.1) min and 38.1 (10.6) min, respectively) compared with the open surgery group (21.1 (5.8) min, 25.6 (6.3) min and 31.2 (6.7) min, respectively). Changes in liver function both before surgery and at 24 h postoperatively were similar between the two groups (p > 0.05). Our findings suggest that neuromuscular blockade may be prolonged following a single bolus dose of rocuronium given during laparoscopic procedures. PMID:24820378
Wang, T; Huang, S; Geng, G
Adrenalectomy is usually performed via transabdominal or posterior approaches. Unfortunately, both approaches are associated with painful postoperative syndromes. Recently, laparoscopic surgery was applied to organ removal.
M. Gagner; A. Lacroix; E. Bolte; A. Pomp
Aim: The assessment of the postoperative outcome following laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy using anterior and posterior mesh. Material and Methods: In the study were included one hundred and ten women (mean age 62 years with range from 34 to 78) who had laparoscopic sarcoplexy the period 2001-2005. They were contacted and completed postal questionnaires more than one year after surgery and had a follow up in the uro-gynaecology clinic. Results: The median follow up was 21 months. Eighty-three of them (75.4%) answered the postal questionnaire. Good satisfaction was defined as complete disappearance of all genito-urinary symptoms. Moderate satisfaction was defined as a partial disappearance of symptoms, or de novo less annoying symptoms. Dissatisfaction was defined as no change in symptoms, and /or de novo important symptoms. The overall rate of good satisfaction was 74.7% (62/83), moderate satisfaction 15.6% (13/83), and only 9.6% (8/83) were not satisfied. There was no statistical difference among the six different groups (sacrocolpopexy only, plus TVT, plus TVT and hysterectomy, sacrocolpopexy and previous hysterectomy, sacrocolpopexy and TVT with previous hysterectomy), concerning the pre and post operative clinical signs and post operative symptoms. There was a statistically significant difference (p=0.038) regarding dissatisfaction and prolapse relapse between the group that had a previous total hysterectomy combining sacrocolpopexy with TVT and all other groups. The most frequent post operative symptoms were stress incontinence, dysuria and constipation. No severe complications and mesh erosion were observed, despite the two cases of mesh detachment. Conclusions: Laparoscopic double synthetic mesh sacrocolpopexy seems to be a safe and effective treatment of genitourinary prolapse, with good overall long term outcomes and benefits of the minimal access approach. The presence of the remaining cervix after subtotal hysterectomy, seems to enhance the results of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy.. Further randomised studies are needed to confirm our results and to compare this method to open and/or vaginal approach.
Xiromeritis, P; Marotta, M L; Royer, N; Kalogiannidis, I; Degeest, P; Devos, F
Objectives: The objective of this study was to provide a cost comparison between laparoscopic surgery and open surgery from January 1996 to January 1998. The setting for this study was three private hospitals and one public hospital associated with the Sydney Women's Endosurgery Centre. Cost analysis was done using the costing provided by the private and public hospitals representing the total amount charged to the patient or the fund for their entire stay including disposable laparoscopic instruments and miscellaneous charges. We looked at laparoscopic hysterectomy, abdominal hysterectomy, vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopic Burch colposuspension and open Burch colposus-pension. Despite the difficulties and limitations using our method of cost analysis, it appears that laparoscopic surgery is a less costly alternative to open abdominal surgery, particularly where the amount of disposable instruments are kept to a minimum. When the added advantages of early return to normal activities, family and workplace are added in, it is clear that providers of health care in the public and private sector will see laparoscopic surgery as an increasingly desirable option.
Chou, Danny; Cario, Gregory
Introduction Since the first reported laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy in 1991, a limited number of single-center studies have attempted to assess the procedure’s effectiveness and safety. Therefore, we analyzed a national Medicare database to compare real-world short-term outcomes of open and laparoscopic-assisted (including robotic) sacrocolpopexy on a United States sample of patients. Methods Public Use File data for a 5% random national sample of all Medicare beneficiaries age 65 and older were obtained from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for years 2004–2008. Women with pelvic organ prolapse were identified using ICD-9 diagnosis codes. CPT-4 procedure codes were used to identify women who underwent open (code 57280) or laparoscopic (code 57425) sacrocolpopexy. Individual subjects were followed for one year post-operatively. Outcomes measured, using ICD-9 and CPT-4 codes, included medical and surgical complications and re-treatment rates. Results 794 women underwent open and 176 underwent laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy was associated with a significantly increased rate of re-operation for anterior vaginal wall prolapse (3.4% vs. 1.0%, p = 0.018). However, more medical (primarily cardiopulmonary) complications occurred post-operatively in the open group (31.5% vs. 22.7%, p = 0.023). When sacrocolpopexy was performed with concomitant hysterectomy, mesh-related complications were significantly higher in the laparoscopic group (5.4% vs. 0%, p = 0.026). Conclusion Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy resulted in increased rate of reoperation for prolapse in anterior compartment. When hysterectomy was performed at the time of sacrocolpopexy, the laparoscopic approach was associated with an increased risk of mesh-related complications.
Khan, Aqsa; Alperin, Marianna; Wu, Ning; Clemens, J. Quentin; Dubina, Emily; Pashos, Chris L.; Anger, Jennifer T.
Urogenital prolapse is an emerging problem because of the increasing life expectancy of populations. Nearly 42% of women between 15 and 97 years have a pelvic floor disorder (PFD). On the basis of Medline search, we present the main laparoscopical techniques to treat PFD: Burch, sacrocolpopexy, lateral suspension, uterosacral suspension, paravaginal repair, the benefits of laparoscopic surgery, its success rates and complications, and response to various questions that frequently arise about some techniques: should we perform a hysterectomy? Should we make a paravaginal repair? Should we treat prophylactically a stress urinary incontinence? What type of mesh should we use? What to prefer: staples or sutures? Is the posterior mesh necessary? PMID:22552102
93 women who underwent laparoscopic tubal coagulation during 1972-1973 were followed up for periods of 18 months to 3 years. Ages ranged from 17 to 47 years (mean 30.7) and 71% had 2-4 children. 8 requested sterilization prior to conception and 5 had pregnancy previously terminated by abortion. Most common postoperative complaints were tenderness at the incision site and shoulder or neck pain. In the 64 cases in which sterilization alone was performed average blood loss was less than 50 cc. In 8 cases it was associated with diagnositc dilatation and curettage, in 20 with therapeutic abortion, and in 1 with laparotomy. Complications included 1 case each of bleeding mesosalpinx controlled by cautery, wound hematoma, hematoma epiploic appendix, and peritoneal burn. A detailed menstrual history 18-36 months after operation found 73 of the 93 had regular periods with amount of bleeding and length of cycle generally unchanged. Of the 20 with menstrual changes, 2 developed amenorrhea within 1 year and 8 with preoperative menstrual irregularities were unchagned. 10 developed longer periods and/or shorter intervals. 5 related these changes to discontination of oral contraceptives. Of the remaining 1 had an abnormal Pap smear, 2 were 40-45 years of age (1 of whom refused vaginal hysterectomy for stress incontinence), and 2 were 35-40 with no previous history of cesarean sections or pelvic complaints. The majority (77%) of the women were satisfied with the procedure, 16% uncertain, and 5 patients expressed regret. 4 of the 5 who regretted the operation reported gynecological complaints. 5 required subsequent surgery. In 3 of the 5 the indication preexisted the sterilization and a more thorough screening might have prevented 2 surgical procedures. In this series the incidence of postoperative gynecological disease 18-36 months after laparoscopic tubal ligation is significantly lower than that reported in the literature for conventional tubal ligation. PMID:131021
Rubinstein, L M; Lebherz, T B; Kleinkopf, V
The objective of this study was to explore the histopathological findings and the rate of removal of ovaries in hysterectomy specimens. This study took into account 328 hysterectomy specimens examined in the Department of Pathology, Mymensingh Medical College and in one private Pathology Laboratory in Mymensingh town from March to August, 2005. Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue sections stained with haematoxylin and eosin were examined under light microscope. Patients' age, parts of uterus examined and their histopathological findings were retrieved from laboratory records. The common histopathological findings were: chronic cervicitis (87.80%), leiomyoma (17.07%), uterine prolapse (16.72%), adenomyosis (3.96), non-specific endometritis (3.35%), squamous cell carcinoma of cervix (2.44%), endometrial polyp (2.44%), serous cystadenoma of ovary (2.44%) and endometrial hyperplasia (1.83%). Some of the specimens show more than one lesions in the body of uterus, of which coexistence of adenomyosis and leiomyoma was the most common. Neoplastic lesions in cervix were 4.27%, in body 16.92% and in ovaries 5.06%. Malignant neoplasms were found in cervix 71.43%, in uterine corpus 3.03% and in ovaries 25%. Ovaries of both sides were removed in 48.17% of total cases. Their median age was 45 years, lowest age 23 years and maximum age was 82. The rate of removal of both ovaries was found to be increasing with the increase of age. Only one case was found to be subtotal hysterectomy and others were total hysterectomy. The present study revealed that the most common histopathological cause of hysterectomy is chronic cervicitis. Most common neoplastic cause of hysterectomy is leiomyoma. The rationalities and the possible after effect of hysterectomy in sexual functions and other physiological impairment should be followed up. PMID:17344786
Talukder, S I; Haque, M A; Huq, M H; Alam, M O; Roushan, A; Noor, Z; Nahar, K
Over the past 11 years (January 1985 through December 1996) the senior authors (B.F.H. and H.B.K.) have performed 205 radical hysterectomies. The most notable trend observed was a marked decrease in length of stay from 12.8 days to 3.5 days. Contributing factors include use of the Maylard incision, placement of suprapubic Foley catheters, discontinuation of drains, early oral feeding, admission to the hospital on the day of surgery, and initiation of a critical care pathway. All criteria for short-stay radical hysterectomy were established by 1994. With continued modification of surgical technique and use of the critical care pathway, short stay has become our standard of care for radical hysterectomy. Complications are minimal, with neither long-term morbidity nor mortality associated with the short stay. In addition, significant cost savings occur, which benefits the patient, hospital, and the health care system. PMID:9290453
Helmkamp, B F; Krebs, H B; Corbett, S L; Trodden, R M; Black, P W
Laparoscopic female sterilization is still the leading method of family planning for patients who have completed their family. Mechanical methods include clips and rings and are preferred because they are safe and efficient and can be used on a day case basis. Appropriate training ensures improved results with fewer complications. Clips and rings have an improved reversal potential. PMID:10459064
Laparoscopy has become the preferred operative treatment for the removal of gallbladders containing symptomatic stones. Both length of stay and total unit cost has declined, through the use of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedure. However, the total cost of treating gallstones has increased. Consensus practice guidelines would indicate that there should be no increase in the number of gallbladder surgeries performed,
Richard E. Chard
Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) is an established operation for organ procurement in living donor transplantation. Living donor renal transplantation is being performed more frequently and is associated with better graft function and survival. The minimal access approach for organ procurement from healthy individuals ensures early convalescence and improved patient participation. Here we describe a rare complication of LDN. Postoperative chylous ascites frequently occurs secondary to aortic surgery. Though previously described after LDN, its treatment remains contentious. Conventional strategies have adopted an expectant approach with medical management. These include parenteral feeding, bowel rest and somatostatin analogue usage. We report laparoscopic suture ligation as the principal management of postoperative chyle leak. We advocate surgical exploration in acute onset, high output chylous ascites. Pre-existing port site incisions were used for undertaking successful laparoscopic repair. This surgical approach enabled faster convalescence and reduced hospital stay—important considerations for our healthy living donor.
Sinha, Ashish; Mamode, Nizam
Laparoscopic myomectomy is one of the best treatment options for women with symptomatic fibroids who wish to maintain their fertility. Compared with myomectomy by laparotomy, the laparoscopic approach is associated with shorter hospital stay, faster recovery, less postoperative pain, and reduced adhesion formation. Laparoscopic myomectomy is technically challenging, and occasionally the procedure needs to be completed by laparotomy. In this review, I will describe my team's experience with laparoscopic myomectomy and discuss factors contributing to failure. The most important factors affecting conversion of a laparoscopic myomectomy to laparotomy are patient selection and the laparoscopic expertise of the surgeon. Each surgeon should determine his or her criteria for laparoscopic myomectomy. Other factors include posterior intramural location, soft consistency associated with the use of gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa), the diameter of the dominant myoma, and the weight of the myoma. The use of robot-assisted technology may provide a means to overcome the challenges encountered with enucleation, extraction, and repair that are seen with conventional laparoscopic myomectomy. PMID:23975446
This is a case report (and review of the literature) of a 12-year and 10-month-old girl with a rare congenital anomaly of uterus didelphys, unilateral cervix aplasia, and ipsilateral renal aplasia. She had severe dysmenorrhea from the first menses. In an effort to preserve fertility, a cervical fistula was made that closed over. A laparoscopic hemi-hysterectomy was done successfully and rapidly with laparoscopic morcellation. Because no ureter was present, it was not necessary to trace it. For this congenital anomaly, laparoscopic morcellation of the obstructed hemiuterus is the preferred treatment either as a primary procedure or as a secondary procedure following failure of a surgical cervical fistula for the young patient.
Brodman, Michael; Schlosshauer, Peter; Deligdisch, Liane
Objective To compare the pregnancy-related complications after laparoscopic and laparotomic uterine myomectomy. Methods A retrospective study of 415 women who received laparoscopic (n = 340) or laparotomic (n = 75) resection of uterine leiomyomas in one center. The mean follow-up period was 26.5 months in laparoscopic group and 23.9 months in laparotomic group. Results Fifty-four and 12 pregnancies occurred in laparoscopic and laparotomic myomectomy group, respectively. The major obstetric outcomes were similar between two groups. There was no ectopic pregnancy or preterm birth. There were two cases of obstetric complication in laparoscopic group only; one experienced neonatal death and postpartum hemorrhage due to placental abruption and the other underwent subtotal hysterectomy due to uterine dehiscence identified during Cesarean section. Conclusion Uterine rupture or dehiscence after laparoscopic myomectomy occurred in 3.7% (2/54) which lead to unfavorable outcome. Appropriate selection of patients and secure suture techniques appears to be important for laparotomic myomectomy in reproductive-aged women.
Kim, Myo Sun; Uhm, You Kyoung; Kim, Ju Yeong; Kim, Yong Beom
To review the complications associated with laparoscopic surgery and provide clinical direction regarding the best practice based on the best available evidence. The laparoscopic entry techniques and technologies reviewed include the classic pneumoperitoneum (Veress/trocar), the open (Hasson), the direct trocar insertion, the use of disposable shielded trocars, radially expanding trocars and visual entry systems. Medline, Pubmed and Cochrane Databases were searched for English language articles published before December 2008. It is an evidence based fact that minimal access surgery is superior to conventional open surgery since this is beneficial to the women, community and the healthcare system.Over the past 50 years, many techniques, technologies and guidelines have been introduced to eliminate the risks associated with laparoscopic entry. No single technique or instrument has been proved to eliminate laparoscopic entry associated injury. Proper evaluation of the women, supported by surgical skills and good knowledge of the technology and instrumentation is the keystone to safe access and prevention of complications during laparoscopic surgery.
Krishnakumar, S; Tambe, P
Laparoscopic nephrectomy with ablative intent has been performed clinically. The current study aimed to determine whether a physiologically and anatomically intact kidney suitable for transplantation could be harvested laparoscopically. Three weeks after an ablative laparoscopic right nephrectomy, 15 pigs were divided into two groups: the study group (n = 10) underwent a laparoscopic live-donor left nephrectomy of the solitary kidney and conventional autotransplantation; the control group (n = 5) underwent an open live-donor left nephrectomy of the solitary kidney and conventional autotransplantation. All study kidneys underwent laparoscopic in situ hypothermic perfusion. The mean length of the left renal artery and vein were similar in the study and control groups: 3.1 cm and 3.4 cm, respectively, in the study group compared with 2.5 cm and 3.8 cm, respectively, in the control group (P = 0.5). No intraoperative renal vascular injuries or postoperative ureteral complications were noted in either group. Renal histopathologic examination immediately after live-donor nephrectomy and at 1 month post-transplant showed similar findings in the two groups. The mean serum creatinine at 7 and 30 days postoperatively was not significantly different: 2.1 mg/dL and 1.6 mg/dL, respectively, in the study group and 1.7 mg/dL, and 1.4 mg/dL, respectively, in the control group (P = 0.4). We conclude that laparoscopic live-donor nephrectomy can be performed safely and reproducibly in the porcine model. PMID:8061673
Gill, I S; Carbone, J M; Clayman, R V; Fadden, P A; Stone, M A; Lucas, B A; McRoberts, J W
A case of intrapartum, complete, low-posterior wall, transverse uterine rupture, complicated by uterine atony and treated by emergency hysterectomy in a primigravida with uterine adenomyosis who delivered vaginally at 37 weeks plus 5 days of gestation, 9 months after undergoing laparoscopic resection of rectovaginal septum endometriosis. PMID:18439512
Villa, Gioia; Mabrouk, Mohamed; Guerrini, Manuela; Mignemi, Giuseppe; Colleoni, Giulio Gandolfi; Venturoli, Stefano; Seracchioli, Renato
A case of intrapartum, complete, low-posterior wall, transverse uterine rupture, complicated by uterine atony and treated by emergency hysterectomy in a primigravida with uterine adenomyosis who delivered vaginally at 37 weeks plus 5 days of gestation, 9 months after undergoing laparoscopic resection of rectovaginal septum endometriosis.
Gioia Villa; Mohamed Mabrouk; Manuela Guerrini; Giuseppe Mignemi; Giulio Gandolfi Colleoni; Stefano Venturoli; Renato Seracchioli
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has rapidly become the procedure of choice for most patients with symptomatic gallbladder disease. Laparoscopic surgery, however, has not been a required component of most general surgery training programs. The demonstrated efficacy of laparoscopic surgery dictates that this discipline be rapidly incorporated into residency programs. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy and other surgical endoscopic procedures have been an integral part of
Karl A. Zucker; Robert W. Bailey; Scott M. Graham; William Scovil; Anthony L. Imbembo
\\u000a Laparoscopic instrumentation continues to evolve towards smaller, more reliable, and better ergonomic devices, with a larger\\u000a variety of choices. Since the first edition of this textbook, subtle improvements are readily apparent in existing devices\\u000a as first-generation instruments progress towards later-generation models. New technology exists to allow procedures to be\\u000a performed with fewer complications. Combined with refinements in techniques, new and
Patrick S. Lowry
Objective To compare the results of open versus laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcers. Summary Background Data Omental patch repair with peritoneal lavage is the mainstay of treatment for perforated peptic ulcers in many institutions. Laparoscopic repair has been used to treat perforated peptic ulcers since 1990, but few randomized studies have been carried out to compare open versus laparoscopic procedures. Methods From January 1994 to June 1997, 130 patients with a clinical diagnosis of perforated peptic ulcer were randomly assigned to undergo either open or laparoscopic omental patch repair. Patients were excluded for a history of upper abdominal surgery, concomitant evidence of bleeding from the ulcer, or gastric outlet obstruction. Patients with clinically sealed-off perforations without signs of peritonitis or sepsis were treated without surgery. Laparoscopic repair would be converted to an open procedure for technical difficulties, nonjuxtapyloric gastric ulcers, or perforations larger than 10 mm. A Gast- rografin meal was performed 48 to 72 hours after surgery to document sealing of the perforation. The primary end-point was perioperative parenteral analgesic requirement. Secondary endpoints were operative time, postoperative pain score, length of postoperative hospital stay, complications and deaths, and the date of return to normal daily activities. Results Nine patients with a surgical diagnosis other than perforated peptic ulcer were excluded; 121 patients entered the final analysis. There were 98 male and 23 female patients recruited, ages 16 to 89 years. The two groups were comparable in age, sex, site and size of perforations, and American Society of Anesthesiology classification. There were nine conversions in the laparoscopic group. After surgery, patients in the laparoscopic group required significantly less parenteral analgesics than those who underwent open repair, and the visual analog pain scores in days 1 and 3 after surgery were significantly lower in the laparoscopic group as well. Laparoscopic repair required significantly less time to complete than open repair. The median postoperative stay was 6 days in the laparoscopic group versus 7 days in the open group. There were fewer chest infections in the laparoscopic group. There were two intraabdominal collections in the laparoscopic group. One patient in the laparoscopic group and three patients in the open group died after surgery. Conclusions Laparoscopic repair of perforated peptic ulcer is a safe and reliable procedure. It was associated with a shorter operating time, less postoperative pain, reduced chest complications, a shorter postoperative hospital stay, and earlier return to normal daily activities than the conventional open repair.
Siu, Wing T.; Leong, Heng T.; Law, Bonita K. B.; Chau, Chun H.; Li, Anthony C. N.; Fung, Kai H.; Tai, Yuk P.; Li, Michael K. W.
In this case report, we discuss single-incision laparoscopic cecectomy for low-grade appendiceal neoplasm after laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer. The optimal surgical therapy for low-grade appendiceal neoplasm is controversial; currently, the options include appendectomy, cecectomy, right hemicolectomy, and open or laparoscopic surgery. Due to the risk of pseudomyxoma peritonei, complete resection without rupture is necessary. We have encountered 5 cases of low-grade appendiceal neoplasm and all 5 patients had no lymph node metastasis. We chose the appendectomy or cecectomy without lymph node dissection if preoperative imaging studies did not suspect malignancy. In the present case, we performed cecectomy without lymph node dissection by single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), which is reported to be a reduced port surgery associated with decreased invasiveness and patient stress compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery. We are confident that SILS is a feasible alternative to traditional surgical procedures for borderline tumors, such as low-grade appendiceal neoplasms.
Fujino, Shiki; Miyoshi, Norikatsu; Noura, Shingo; Shingai, Tatsushi; Tomita, Yasuhiko; Ohue, Masayuki; Yano, Masahiko
The appearance of a new intrafascial technique for vaginal hysterectomy serves to remind us that in spite of well-standardized techniques, gynecologists perform this less often than formerly. The described technique is an intrafascial variation of the extrafascial vaginal hysterectomy beginning at the fundus uteri. We mobilize the anterior vaginal wall using Strassmann's incision. The body of the uterus should be delivered through the anterior fornix. Then follows the ligation of the broad ligaments and careful dissection of the fibroareolar space of the posterior cervical wall. The cardinal ligament requires intrafascial clamping and ligation. This technique is simple and avoids injury to the ureters. If this operation is successfully performed, postoperative pain is minimal, and hospitalization could be greatly reduced. PMID:15459520
Tapia, Jorge E
Background and Objectives: The value of robotic surgery for gynecologic procedures has been critically evaluated over the past few years. Its drawbacks have been noted as larger port size, location of port placement, limited instrumentation, and cost. In this study, we describe a novel technique for robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH) with 3 important improvements: (1) more aesthetic triangular laparoscopic port configuration, (2) use of 5-mm robotic cannulas and instruments, and (3) improved access around the robotic arms for the bedside assistant with the use of pediatric-length laparoscopic instruments. Methods: We reviewed a series of 44 women who underwent a novel RALH technique and concomitant procedures for benign hysterectomy between January 2008 and September 2011. Results: The novel RALH technique and concomitant procedures were completed in all of the cases without conversion to larger ports, laparotomy, or video-assisted laparoscopy. Mean age was 49.9 years (SD 8.8, range 33–70), mean body mass index was 26.1 (SD 5.1, range 18.9–40.3), mean uterine weight was 168.2 g (SD 212.7, range 60–1405), mean estimated blood loss was 69.7 mL (SD 146.9, range 20–1000), and median length of stay was <1 day (SD 0.6, range 0–2.5). There were no major and 3 minor peri- and postoperative complications, including 2 urinary tract infections and 1 case of intravenous site thrombophlebitis. Mean follow-up time was 40.0 months (SD 13.6, range 15–59). Conclusion: Use of the triangular gynecology laparoscopic port placement and 5-mm robotic instruments for RALH is safe and feasible and does not impede the surgeon's ability to perform the procedures or affect patient outcomes.
Katz, Adi; Dun, Erica C.; Kho, Kimberly A.; Wieser, Friedrich A.
A total of 10 young women with suspected acute appendicitis were studied. We investigated the value of laparoscopy in the diagnostic evaluation for possible appendicitis in women of reproductive age. At laparoscopy, appendicitis was diagnosed in seven patients (acute-6, subacute-1). Three women had a normal appendix and a pelvic inflammatory disease, a ruptured ovarian cyst and an ovarian cyst with torsion. Laparoscopic appendectomy was performed in 7 cases; a conversion to open operation were because of torsion of ovarian cyst; a laparoscopic cystectomy was necessary. There were no intraoperative and postoperative complications (no wound infections). Reintroduction of normal diet and discharge from hospital occurred earlier after laparoscopic than open surgery. It is concluded that diagnostic laparoscopy permits earlier definitive diagnosis and prompt institution of appropriate therapy for disease of the female reproductive tract that simulates appendicitis; laparoscopic appendectomy is practical and may have advantages over conventional operation (reduction of wound infections and earlier return to normal activities). PMID:9455406
T?rcoveanu, E; Bradea, C; Bârza, M; Stratan, I
Patients undergoing laparoscopic splenectomy were observed for their postoperative recovery and development of complications. It was a retrospective analysis done at Services Hospital and National Hospital and Medical Center, Lahore, from January 2010 to December 2012. A total of 13 patients underwent laparoscopic splenectomy and were included in the study. Patients were followed for their postoperative recovery and development of any complications. The median age of patients was 19 years ranging from 13 to 69 years. Accessory spleens were removed in 3 patients. Mean operating time was 158 minutes. One operation had to be converted to open because of uncontrolled hemorrhage. Six patients experienced postoperative complications including unexplained hyperpyrexia (n=2), pleural effusion (n=4) and prolonged pain > 48 hours (n=1). No deaths or infections were seen. Seven out of 8 patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura developed a positive immediate response to the splenectomy, defined as a platelet count greater than 100 x 109/L after the surgery, which was maintained without medical therapy. Mean hospital stay was 5.5 days. Average time to return to activity was 15 days. All patients were followed for 6 months and no follow-up complications were noted. PMID:24848397
Javed, Irfan; Malik, Awais Amjad; Khan, Ahsan; Allahnawaz; Shamim, Romaisa; Ayyaz, Mahmood
Summary The role of cultural background in the etiology of depressive symptoms associated with hysterectomy has been rarely explored. However, the increasing interest in the transcultural aspects of psychiatry in the last decade gives a particular relevance to this subject. In the current study, 152 women underwent hysterectomy in a downtown hospital of a large city. The population under study
M. Lalinec-Michaud; F. Engelsmann
The goal of the study was to examine women's experiences with gynaecologic symptoms and how they decided to undergo hysterectomy. For this purpose, twenty-nine women were interviewed in hospital within three days of undergoing hysterectomy. The interviews elicited information about the nature of the problem that caused the women to seek medical help, actions taken to solve their problem, their
Ayse K. Uskul; Farah Ahmad; Nicholas A. Leyland; Donna E. Stewart
Electrosurgical ablation of the endometrium is a thera- peutic choice for those patients having abnormal uterine bleeding. When ablation is followed by a hysterectomy, tissue damage due to thermal effect can be seen. From a total of 350 women with endometrial ablation, 12 required subsequent hysterectomy. The histological features found in these specimens are described and related to the elapsed
Francisco Tresserra; Pablo Grases; Alicia Ubeda; Maria Angela Pascual; Pedro J. Grases; Ramon Labastida
This study is to assess the feasibility and outcome of vaginal hysterectomies using bicoagulation forceps. Eighty patients undergoing vaginal hysterectomy for several diagnoses were enrolled. In 40 patients, bicoagulation forceps were used for the entirety of the operation. In 19 patients, only vaginal hysterectomy was performed; in 21 patients, vaginal hysterectomy was part of surgery for pelvic floor repair. Forty
Wolfgang Zubke; Sven Becker; Bernhard Krämer; Diethelm Wallwiener
Materials & Methods: In this study, Sexual satisfaction after hysterectomy was evaluated in 100 females, of 40- 50 years old (50 women before and after hysterectomy and 50 women without hysterectomy). Sample was chosen random from the women who had no interfering factors and they were asked necessary information through question sheets. Results: Sexual quality, desire and satisfaction after hysterectomy
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence and biosocial correlates of hysterectomy. METHODS: Data were from a 1995 national survey of women aged 20 to 59 years. We applied piecewise nonparametric exponential hazards models to a subsample aged 25 to 59 to estimate the effects of biosocial correlates on hysterectomy likelihood. RESULTS: Risks of hysterectomy for 1991 through 1995 were lower than those before 1981. University-educated and professional women were less likely to undergo hysterectomy. Higher parity and intrauterine device side effects increased the risk. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms international results, especially those on education and occupation, but also points to ethnicity's mediating role. Education and occupation covary independently with hysterectomy. Analysis of time variance and periodicity showed declines in likelihood from 1981.
Dharmalingam, A; Pool, I; Dickson, J
... procedure called a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Your doctor made 1 - 3 small cuts in your belly and used a ... Recovering from laparoscopic cholecystectomy usually takes around ... you recover: Pain in your belly. You may also feel pain in 1 or ...
Results of diagnostic laparoscopy and laparoscopic appendectomy in 28 pregnant women are presented. Diagnostic laparoscopy was carried out in 9 women (32%), laparoscopic appendectomy--in 19 women (68%). Advantages of laparoscopic appendectomy are especially notable at late pregnancy. Due to small traumaticity amount of postoperative complications reduces, rehabilitation terms decrease, good conditions are formed for adequate self-independent birth activity and birth of healthy infants. Laparoscopic appendectomy application allows minimizing negative influence of carboxyperitoneum on pregnant uterus and fetus. PMID:19365328
Sazhin, V P; Klimov, D E; Sazhin, I V; Iurishchev, V A
Normal patency was restored to the right fallopian tube of a 41-year-old sterilised woman by laparoscopic tubotubal reanastomosis. We believe that this is the first report of this procedure in Australia. Laparoscopic tubotubal reanastomosis combines the high success rates of microsurgical tubotubal reanstomosis with the advantages of the laparoscopic approach. PMID:9379977
St George, L I; Kapila, H B; Lahoud, R H
Introduction A large number of hysterectomies are carried out for uterine prolapse, menorrhagia and other symptomatic but benign gynaecological conditions, which has increased interest in new approaches to treat these disorders. These new procedures are less invasive and offer reduced risk and faster recovery. Case presentation Sacrohysteropexy can be carried out instead of vaginal hysterectomy in the treatment of uterine prolapse. It involves using a synthetic mesh to suspend the uterus to the sacrum; this maintains durable anatomic restoration, normal vaginal axis and sexual function. A laparoscopic approach has major advantages over the abdominal route including shorter recovery time and less adhesion formation. We describe a laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy in a 55-year-old Caucasian British woman that was technically difficult. An intramural uterine fibroid was encroaching just above the uterosacral ligament making mesh positioning impossible. This was removed and the procedure completed successfully. Conclusion Posterior wall fibroid is not a contraindication for laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy. This procedure has increasingly become an effective treatment of uterine prolapse in women who have no indication for hysterectomy.
As a result of the increased demand for minimally invasive surgery, single-port laparoscopic surgery performed via a single incision was introduced and has been performed in various fields. Herein, we report our initial experience with single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (SP-LA) using Gelport access for the treatment of acute appendicitis in 2 pregnant women. SP-LA using Gelport access was performed successfully in these pregnant women without prolongation of operation time, and there was no need for ancillary trocar insertions or conversion to conventional laparoscopy. One woman spontaneously delivered at 39 weeks' gestation approximately 20 weeks after the surgery and the other has maintained a healthy pregnancy. SP-LA can be considered a minimally invasive alternative to conventional laparoscopic appendectomy in pregnant women (Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/SLE/A55). PMID:22487646
Koh, A Ra; Lee, Jung Hun; Choi, Joong Sub; Eom, Jeong Min; Hong, Jin Hwa
The objective of this study is, within a broadly inclusive selection strategy for benign vaginal hysterectomy, to determine\\u000a whether the most commonly invoked “contraindications” to vaginal hysterectomy—fibroid enlargement >14 weeks, prior cesarean,\\u000a need for oophorectomy—result in increased risk of complications. This study is of retrospective design within a rural community\\u000a hospital. All vaginal hysterectomies performed by a single practitioner over an
Malcolm W. Mackenzie; Jeffrey D. Johnson
Background/Definition of the Problem: In recent years, postoperative management has changed towards rapid mobilisation, early oral feeding and rapid rehabilitation (known as Fast-Track or Enhanced Recovery Concepts). This study analysed the postoperative length of stay after vaginal hysterectomy in 3 different periods of time. Material and Methods: In the period October 2011 – September 2012, 75 patients underwent vaginal hysterectomies (±?adnexectomy); another 114 vaginal or laparoscopic hysterectomies with additional operations (e.g. prolapse surgery and incontinence surgery) and malignancies were not included. The time periods August 1995 – July 1996 (n?=?50) and October 1996 – September 1997 (n?=?96) served as a comparison. Reducing the length of stay was not an explicit goal. Results: The median postoperative stay was shortened from 7 (5–9) to 5 (3–15) or 3 (0–5) days (p?0.001). The recovery rate remained unchanged at 2.7?% (n?=?2), cf. 2?% (n?=?1) and 3.1?% (n?=?3). In 40/75 cases (53.3?%), the surgery took place on the day of admission. Conclusion: The length of hospital stay after vaginal hysterectomy has more than halved since 1995/1996 and continues to decline. This development occurred without a shortened stay being an explicit goal of the clinic. The shortened length of stay does not appear to have a negative impact on postoperative complications and recovery rate.
Reif, P.; Drobnitsch, T.; Aigmuller, T.; Laky, R.; Ulrich, D.; Haas, J.; Bader, A.; Tamussino, K.
It is well known that different surgical procedures like amputation, thoracotomy, inguinal herniotomy, and mastectomy are associated with a risk of developing chronic postsurgical pain. Hysterectomy is the most frequent gynecological procedure with an annual frequency of 5000 hysterectomies for a benign indication in Denmark, but is has not previously been documented in detail to what extent this procedure leads to chronic pain. The aim of this PhD thesis was therefore to describe the epidemiology, type of pain, risk factors, and predictive factors associated with chronic pain after hysterectomy for a benign indication. The thesis includes four papers, of which one is based on a questionnaire study, two are based on a prospective clinical study, and one is a review of chronic pain after hysterectomy. The questionnaire paper included 1135 women one year after hysterectomy. A postal questionnaire about pain before and after hysterectomy was combined with data from the Danish Hysterectomy Database. Chronic postoperative pain was described by 32%, and the identified risk factors were preoperative pelvic pain, previous cesarean section, other pain problems and pain as an indication for hysterectomy. Spinal anesthesia was associated with a decreased risk of having pain after one year. The type of surgery (i.e. abdominal or vaginal hysterectomy) did not influence chronic pain. The prospective paper included 90 women referred for a hysterectomy on benign indication. The tests were performed before, on day 1, and 4 months after surgery and included questionnaires about pain, coping, and quality of life together with quantitative sensory testing of pain thresholds. Seventeen percent had pain after 4 months, and the risk factors were preoperative pain problems elsewhere and a high intensity of acute postoperative pain. Type of surgery was not a risk factor. Preoperative brush-evoked allodynia, pinprick hyperalgesia, and vaginal pain threshold were associated with a high intensity of acute postoperative pain, and preoperative brush-evoked allodynia was also associated with pelvic pain after 4 months. This PhD thesis shows that chronic postoperative pain is present after hysterectomy in 17-32% of women. The identified main risk factors are described above. The findings indicate that it is not the nerve injury itself, but more likely the underlying individual susceptibility to pain that is important for the development of chronic pain after hysterectomy. PMID:22239844
After gaining experience in laparoscopic cholecystectomy, laparoscopic appendectomy and other laparoscopic procedures, we decided to perform laparoscopic-assisted colectomy. During July 1992 to February 1993 we performed 14 such procedures. Ages ranged from 46-83 years (mean, 68). In all cases the indication for surgery was neoplasm of the colon. 8 of the tumors were located in the right colon and 6 in the sigmoid. Procedures performed were laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy with a biofragmentable anastomotic ring or laparoscopic-assisted sigmoidectomy with end-to-end anastomosis. In 1 operation we combined laparoscopic cholecystectomy with laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. Operation time varied from 90-130 min (mean, 100 min). In our opinion the procedure is as radical as standard laparotomy with the number of lymph nodes per specimen ranging from 4-10 (mean, 7); the surgical margins were free of tumor in all cases. There was less pain in the postoperative period than with the standard procedure and the average time from operation to discharge was 7 days (range, 5-9). Complications included 1 fatality due to postoperative myocardial infarction, and 1 case of duodenal perforation which was sutured during the operation. We conclude that laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy and laparoscopic sigmoidectomy are feasible for carcinoma, and that recovery is quicker and with less pain. However, we need a larger series and long-term follow-up to conclude whether the laparoscopic assisted technic is an adequate operation in cases of cancer. PMID:8144081
Walfisch, S; Twena, M; Avinoah, E; Charuzi, I
Extrauterine endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) is rare and typified by delayed recurrence of primary ESS. Here, we report an unusual case of colonic ESS in a woman with a remote history of hysterectomy. An 80-year-old woman, with a history of hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for abnormal bleeding and endometriosis 37 years prior to presentation, was diagnosed with ESS in the colon. She was treated with laparoscopic low anterior resection, followed by megestrol acetate, and has been in remission for more than 4 years. This case highlights the rarity of extra-uterine ESS in the colon, especially in the absence of a known history of primary uterine ESS. The patient's history of endometriosis may have been a predisposing risk factor. ESS in the colon may be treated successfully with surgical resection and progestin therapy. Indefinite surveillance is recommended to monitor for late recurrences. PMID:23710389
Ayuso, Andres; Fadare, Oluwole; Khabele, Dineo
... Hindi (??????) Japanese (???) Korean (???) Portuguese (português) Russian (???????) Somali (af Soomaali) Spanish (español) Vietnamese ( ... PDF Health Information Translations Return to top Portuguese (português) Hysterectomy Histerectomia - português (Portuguese) Bilingual PDF Health Information ...
... This is something that I can do.” Many times I would have attended conferences and seminars where ... large incisions and prolonged recoveries when it comes time to have your hysterectomy. With that, let me ...
BackgroundLaparoscopic splenectomy has been shown to result in shorter hospital stays and a quicker return to work than conventional splenectomy. Having tried the anterior 5 trocar approach, we developed a 4 trocar lateral approach and now present our experience with 22 cases.
Adrian Park; Michel Gagner; Alfons Pomp
Objectives To describe a novel dorsal vein complex preserving technique for intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and to evaluate its postoperative outcomes. Methods A total of 109 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy by a single surgeon were evaluated, including 44 patients with dorsal vein complex preserving technique for intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, 20 patients with conventional intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and 45 patients with non-nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Functional outcomes were evaluated using a self-administered questionnaire (Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite). Continence was defined as zero to one security pad per day. Oncological outcomes were evaluated based on positive surgical margin. Results In the dorsal vein complex preserving technique for intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy group, the continence rate was 57%, 77% and 95% at 1, 3 and 12 months, respectively. The continence rate in the conventional intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy group was 37%, 63% and 90%, and in the non-nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy group it was 23%, 57% and 82% at 1, 3, and 12 months, respectively. The dorsal vein complex preserving technique for intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy group showed a significantly earlier recovery from incontinence compared with that in the conventional intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and non-nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy groups (log–rank test, P = 0.044 and P < 0.001). Similarly, the dorsal vein complex preserving technique for intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy group tended to show a more early recovery in relation to urinary function of the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite. Regarding sexual function, there were no significant differences between the dorsal vein complex preserving technique for intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and conventional intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy groups. In pT2 patients, the positive surgical margin rate of the dorsal vein complex preserving technique for intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy group (11%) was similar to that of the other two groups (conventional intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy 7%; non-nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy 11%). Conclusions The dorsal vein complex preserving technique for intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy technique provides early recovery from incontinence without adversely affecting the oncological outcome.
Hoshi, Akio; Usui, Yukio; Shimizu, Yuuki; Tomonaga, Tetsuro; Kawakami, Masayoshi; Nakajima, Nobuyuki; Hanai, Kazuya; Nomoto, Takeshi; Terachi, Toshiro
Despite its significant prevalence, there is little in the way of evidence-based guidelines regarding the timing and method of repair of incisional hernias. To add to the above is the formidable rate of recurrence that has been seen with conventional tissue repairs of these hernias. With introduction of different prosthetic materials and laparoscopic technique, it was hoped that an improvement in the recurrence and complication rates would be realized. The increasing application of the laparoscopic technique across the world indicates that these goals might indeed be achieved.
Chowbey, Pradeep K; Sharma, Anil; Mehrotra, Magan; Khullar, Rajesh; Soni, Vandana; Baijal, Manish
The authors explored the feasibility of performing true microsurgery through the laparoscope in 1990. The first laparoscopic microsurgical tubal anastomosis was performed in February 1992. Operative laparoscopy will continue to expand as technical feasibility continues to improve, driven by both hardware advances and increased surgical dexterity. Laparoscopic microsurgery will introduce a new dimension to reproductive surgery and over time, will replace laparotomy for microsurgery. PMID:10083938
Koh, C H; Janik, G M
The purpose of this report is to prevent physicians with several surgical alternatives to hysterectomy for women experiencing menorrhagia and dysfunction uterine bleeding. Approximate 8700 hysterectomies are performed annually in Minnesota. Due to its inv...
Objective To evaluate the contribution of the sentinel node (SN) procedure followed by pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy to determine\\u000a lymph node status in women with locally advanced cervical cancer.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Patients and methods A total of 21 women with locally advanced cervical cancer underwent a first laparoscopic SN procedure and pelvic and paraaortic\\u000a lymphadenectomy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCR). Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy was
Vincent Lavoué; Anne-Sophie Bats; Roman Rouzier; Charles Coutant; Emmanuel Barranger; Emile Daraï
The value of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer is still controversially discussed. Robotics offers the opportunity to leave the limitations of conventional laparoscopy behind us. The three-dimensional visualization and the superior dexterity by wristed instruments should be particularly helpful in complex laparoscopic procedures in confined spaces such as the small pelvis. Colorectal resections using the Da Vinci® system are well established and becoming increasingly more standard procedures. Nerve-sparing total mesorectal excision in patients with rectal cancer, total mesocolic excision in patients with right-sided colon cancer and rectopexy in patients with pelvic floor insufficiency are the most promising indications. The prospective randomized ROLARR study has been evaluating the application of the Da Vinci® system in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery since 2011. Besides the currently available clinical data the perioperative and intraoperative logistics and strategy will be presented in detail. PMID:23942962
Mann, B; Virakas, G; Blase, M; Soenmez, M
BACKGROUND: A prospective case series of single incision multiport laparoscopic colorectal resections for malignancy using conventional laparoscopic trocars and instruments is described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven patients (seven men and four women) with colonic or rectal pathology underwent single incision multiport laparoscopic colectomy/rectal resection from July till December 2010. Four trocars were placed in a single transumblical incision. The bowel was mobilized laparoscopically and vessels controlled intracorporeally with either intra or extracorporeal anastomosis. RESULTS: Three patients had carcinoma in the caecum, one in the hepatic flexure, two in the rectosigmoid, one in the descending colon, two in the rectum and two had ulcerative pancolitis (one with high grade dysplasia and another with carcinoma rectum). There was no conversion to standard multiport laparoscopy or open surgery. The median age was 52 years (range 24-78 years). The average operating time was 130 min (range 90-210 min). The average incision length was 3.2 cm (2.5-4.0 cm). There were no postoperative complications. The average length of stay was 4.5 days (range 3-8 days). Histopathology showed adequate proximal and distal resection margins with an average lymph node yield of 25 nodes (range 16-30 nodes). CONCLUSION: Single incision multiport laparoscopic colorectal surgery for malignancy is feasible without extra cost or specialized ports/instrumentation. It does not compromise the oncological radicality of resection. Short-term results are encouraging. Long-term results are awaited.
Palanivelu, Chinnusamy; Vij, Anirudh; Rajapandian, Subbiya; Palanivelu, Praveenraj; Parthasarathi, Ramakrishnan; Vaithiswaran, Velyoudam; Palanisamy, Senthilnathan
Backgroud and Objective Nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (NSRH) may be associated with lower postoperative morbidity than radical hysterectomy (RH). We aimed to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of abdominal or laparoscopic NSRH and RH for treating cervical cancer through systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were systematically searched for all relevant studies. Data were abstracted independently by two reviewers. A meta-analysis was performed to compare intra- and postoperative outcomes for the two techniques. Results A total of 17 clinical trials were identified. Meta-analysis showed that although operating time was significantly longer for abdominal or laparoscopic NSRH than for RH, NSRH based on laparotomy or laparoscopy proved more effective for postoperative recovery of bladder function. NSRH was also associated with lower bladder dysfunction morbidity and fewer postoperative complications. Two abdominal trials and one laparoscopic study further suggested that NSRH was associated with shorter time to recovery of anal/rectal function. In contrast, RH and NSRH based on laparotomy or laparoscopy were similar in terms of extent of resection, recurrence rate, survival rate, blood loss and frequency of intraoperative complications. The meta-analysis showed that abdominal NSRH was not significantly different from RH in length of hospital stay, while one trial suggested that length of hospital stay was shorter after laparoscopic NSRH than after the corresponding RH. Conclusion NSRH may be a reliable technique for treating early cervical cancer. Available evidence suggests that it is better than RH for postoperative recovery of pelvic organ function and postoperative morbidity, while the two techniques involve similar clinical safety and extent of resection. These results should be considered preliminary since they are based on a relatively small number of controlled trials, most of which were non-randomized. The findings should be verified in larger, well-designed studies.
Long, Ying; Yao, De-sheng; Pan, Xin-wei; Ou, Ting-yu
The psychiatric morbidity following hysterectomy has received increasing attention. One of the sequelae of hysterectomy has been a brief, acute psychosis with excellent outcome, the etiology and pathomechanism of which is still unclear. Two Chinese patients born of Southeast Asian origin who manifested brief, acute psychosis following hysterectomy are presented. Therapy comprised drug treatment with low dose antipsychotics and benzodiazepines
J M Y Tsoh; H C M Leung; G S Ungvari; D T S Lee
PURPOSE: Nowadays laparoscopic colorectal surgery has demonstrated its advantages, including reduced postopera- tive pain, decreased duration of ileus, and shorter hospital stay. Few studies report results of laparoscopic surgery in complicated diverticulitis. This study was designed to ana- lyze the results of laparoscopic sigmoidectomy in patients with fistulized sigmoiditis. METHODS: The authors retro- spectively reviewed 16 patients who had laparoscopic
S. R. Laurent; B. Detroz; O. Detry; C. Degauque; P. Honoré; M. Meurisse
Accurate preoperative staging of gastrointestinal malignancies is of major importance in the decision for adequate stage-related therapy. There is evidence that laparoscopy in combination with laparoscopic ultrasound is more accurate in the detection of intra-abdominal metastases than conventional preoperative imaging. Staging laparoscopy in combination with laparoscopic ultrasound is a minimally invasive technique that reveals intra-abdominal disseminated tumor spread and local
Beate Rau; Michael Hünerbein; Peter M. Schlag
Objectives: In an effort to reduce the morbidity associated to radical prostatectomy, we implemented laparoscopic surgery to this advanced ablative and reconstructive procedure. In our study, we describe our operative technique and assess our results in terms of oncologic cure, continence and potency.Methods: 200 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. 66 of these patients were either
András Hoznek; Laurent Salomon; Leif Eric Olsson; Patrick Antiphon; Fabien Saint; Antony Cicco; Dominique Chopin
Digital light processing hyperspectral imaging (DLP® HSI) was adapted for use during laparoscopic surgery by coupling a conventional laparoscopic light guide with a DLP-based Agile Light source (OL 490, Optronic Laboratories, Orlando, FL), incorporating a 0° laparoscope, and a customized digital CCD camera (DVC, Austin, TX). The system was used to characterize renal ischemia in a porcine model.
Olweny, Ephrem O.; Tan, Yung K.; Faddegon, Stephen; Jackson, Neil; Wehner, Eleanor F.; Best, Sara L.; Park, Samuel K.; Thapa, Abhas; Cadeddu, Jeffrey A.; Zuzak, Karel J.
The goal of this review is to outline some of the important surgical issues surrounding the management of patients with low rectal cancer submitted to laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (ISR). Surgery for rectal cancer continues to develop towards the ultimate goals of improved local control and overall survival, maintaining quality of life, and preserving sphincter, genitourinary, and sexual function. Nevertheless, all progress in the development of oncologic therapy (i.e., radiation and chemotherapy), radical surgical removal of the tumour is the only chance for permanent cure of rectal cancer. Beside this main objective, the preservation of faecal continence is the second-most important goal to reach an acceptable quality of life with preservation of sphincter function. Information concerning the depth of tumour penetration through the rectal wall, lymph node involvement, and presence of distant metastatic disease is of crucial importance when planning a curative rectal cancer resection. Preoperative staging is used to determine the indication for neoadjuvant therapy as well as the indication for local excision versus radical cancer resection. In appropriate patients, minimally invasive procedures, such as local excision, TEM, and laparoscopic resection with ISR allow for improved patient comfort, shorter hospital stays, and earlier return to preoperative activity level. Data from small, non-randomized studies evaluating laparoscopic ISR suggest that this procedure is feasible by experienced surgeons. A literature search identified five studies [Uchikoshi F, Nishida T, Ueshima S, Nakahara M, Matsuda H. Laparoscope-assisted anal sphincter-preserving operation preceded by transanal procedure. Tech Coloprocto 2006;10:5-9; Bretagnol F, Rullier E, Couderc P, Rullier A, Saric J. Technical and oncological feasibility of laparoscopic total mesorectal excision with pouch coloanal anastomosis for rectal cancer. Colorectal Disease 2003;5:451-3; Rullier E, Sa Cunha A, Couderc P, Rullier A, Gontier R, Saric J. Laparoscopic intersphincteric resection with coloplasty and coloanal anastomosis for mid and low rectal cancer. British Journal of Surgery 2003;90:445-51; Watanabe M, Teramoto T, Hasegawa H, Kitajima M. Laparoscopic ultralow anterior resection combined with per anum intersphincteric rectal dissection for lower rectal cancer. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 2000;43(Suppl. 10):S94-7; Miyajima N, Yamakawa T. Laparoscopic surgery for early rectal carcinoma. Nippon Geka Gakkai Zasshi 1999;100:801-5]. The aim was to find those studies that documented potential clinical application of laparoscopic ISR. These studies concluded that a laparoscopic approach can be considered in most patients with low rectal cancer in which laparoscopic ISR represents a feasible alternative to conventional open surgery. Hopefully, randomized controlled trials, which utilize these alternative procedures, will in future determine the results of laparoscopic ISR in terms of sphincter function, faecal continence, disease free and overall survival. The reviewed studies concluded that high quality and less invasive surgery could be achieved if ISR and laparoscopic surgery were combined. PMID:18023571
Orsenigo, Elena; Di Palo, Saverio; Vignali, Andrea; Staudacher, Carlo
Objectives: Our aim is to introduce the technical aspects and advantages of a new classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy (CISH) technique over the conventional technique. Methods: We performed a retrospective evaluation (Canadian Task Force classification II-2) of 200 women who underwent conventional CISH technique (100 cases), between March 2000 and September 2000, or the new CISH technique (100 cases) between May 2002 and November 2002. The charts of these 200 women were reviewed regarding patient characteristics, indications, uterine weight, estimated blood loss, operating time, and hemoglobin change. Results: The women who underwent the new CISH had significantly shorter operating time as compared with operating time for the conventional method. Although no significant difference existed in the estimated blood loss, the hemoglobin change, which is an objective sign of blood loss, was significantly smaller using the new CISH technique than using the conventional CISH technique. Conclusions: The new CISH technique is safer, more convenient, faster, and results in less blood loss than the conventional technique, especially when the uterus is markedly enlarged by a large myoma, the ovarian ligament is too short, or the ovary and uterus are very closely adherent.
Lee, Eun Sil; Park, Sung Dae
A case of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) of the cervical stump is presented. Human papillomavirus DNA testing before elective supracervical hysterectomy may identify patients with increased risk for future development of CIN and aid in preoperative counseling for the type of surgical procedure performed. PMID:16205194
Ford, Jacqueline F; Feinstein, Shira M
Objective: Our purpose was to identify patterns of uterine innervation in normal uteri and selected clinical conditions including adenomyosis and chronic pelvic pain. Study Design: A retrospective survey was performed of stored uteri removed at hysterectomy for a variety of clinical conditions, including 8 uteri from nulliparous subjects (group 1, mean age 40.0 years, range 30-52 years), 21 uteri with
Martin J. Quinn; Nick Kirk
In this case report, we discuss single-incision laparoscopic cecectomy for low-grade appendiceal neoplasm after laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer. The optimal surgical therapy for low-grade appendiceal neoplasm is controversial; currently, the options include appendectomy, cecectomy, right hemicolectomy, and open or laparoscopic surgery. Due to the risk of pseudomyxoma peritonei, complete resection without rupture is necessary. We have encountered 5 cases of low-grade appendiceal neoplasm and all 5 patients had no lymph node metastasis. We chose the appendectomy or cecectomy without lymph node dissection if preoperative imaging studies did not suspect malignancy. In the present case, we performed cecectomy without lymph node dissection by single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), which is reported to be a reduced port surgery associated with decreased invasiveness and patient stress compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery. We are confident that SILS is a feasible alternative to traditional surgical procedures for borderline tumors, such as low-grade appendiceal neoplasms. PMID:24868331
Fujino, Shiki; Miyoshi, Norikatsu; Noura, Shingo; Shingai, Tatsushi; Tomita, Yasuhiko; Ohue, Masayuki; Yano, Masahiko
Introduction: Paediatric laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision has increasingly gained acceptance as an alternative to open excision. Laparoscopic excision is feasible and safe in the short term, but long-term outcomes are not as well established. KK Women's and Children's Hospital started performing laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision in children since 2007. In this paper, we report our experience with the laparoscopic approach, and the early and mid-term outcomes in comparison with the conventional open approach. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five consecutive cases by a single surgeon between May 2006 and April 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Patient characteristics and surgical outcomes were analysed. Results: There were 13 laparoscopic and 22 open cases. Baseline patient characteristics were similar. Operative time was longer in the laparoscopic group. Three cases in the laparoscopic group were converted to open in our early experience. There were no differences in time to feeds or length of hospitalisation. One laparoscopic case developed minor bile leak that resolved on conservative management. There were no complications in the laparoscopic group on median follow-up of 35 months. In the open group, there was 1 case of pancreatitis, cholangitis, and hypertrophic scarring respectively. There were 3 cases of suspected adhesive colic that resolved without surgery. Conclusion: Laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision enjoys excellent early and mid-term outcomes compared to open excision, even in centres with smaller patient volume. It should be the approach of choice where technical expertise is available. PMID:24833074
Ng, Jia Lin; Salim, Md Tareq; Low, Yee
From September 1993 to July 1995, 63 women (mean age 38 yrs, range 26-53 yrs, parity 0-7) with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and menorrhagia underwent outpatient laparoscopic surgery and endometrial ablation. Operating time ranged from 9 to 110 minutes (mean 52 min). Laparoscopic procedures included excision of endometriosis (26), adhesiolysis (17), electromyolysis (4), uterine suspension (6), and appendectomy (4). At 6 to 20 months' follow-up 63 women reported no pain (24, 38.1%), significant improvement of pain (25, 39.7%), no change in amount of pain (9, 14.3%), and an increase of pain (5, 7.9%). Six patients had repeat laparoscopy. After hysteroscopic endometrial rollerball ablation and resection, the same women reported amenorrhea (31, 49.2%), hypomenorrhea (26, 41.3%), eumenorrhea (3, 4.8%), and no change in menstrual bleeding (3, 4.8%). Two women had a repeat endometrial ablation and one had hysterectomy for menorrhagia and CPP. Concomitant laparoscopic surgery and endometrial ablation is an effective alternative to hysterectomy for women with CPP and menorrhagia. PMID:9074259
Vilos; Drossos; Vilos
PEDIATRIC LAPAROSCOPIC NISSEN FUNDOPLICATION MOTHER AND CHILD HOSPITAL PRESBYTERIAN ST. LUKE’S, DENVER, COLORADO Broadcast September 8, 2005 ... m Dr. Steven Rothenberg and I’m a pediatric surgeon at the Mother and Child Hospital at ...
Cholecystectomy - Open and Laparoscopic Introduction Gallstones are a relatively common condition that causes severe pain in the abdomen. Sometimes, even though ... cystic duct to the common bile duct. Symptoms and their Causes Stones can form in the gallbladder. ...
Background and Objectives: To present our experience with a single-incision laparoscopic total colectomy, along with a literature review of all published cases on single-incision laparoscopic total colectomy. Methods: A total of 22 cases were published between 2010 and 2011, with our patient being case 23. These procedures were performed in the United States and United Kingdom. Surgical procedures included total colectomy with end ileostomy, proctocolectomy with ileorectal anastomosis, and total proctocolectomy with ileopouch-anal anastomosis. Intraoperative and postoperative data are analyzed. Results: Twenty-two of the 23 cases were performed for benign cases including Crohns, ulcerative colitis, and familial adenomatous polyposis. One case was performed for adenocarcinoma of the cecum. The mean age was 35.3 years (range, 13 to 64), the mean body mass index was 20.1 (range, 19 to 25), mean operative time was 175.9 minutes (range, 139 to 216), mean blood loss was 95.3mL (range, 59 to 200), mean incision length was 2.61cm (range, 2 to 3). Average follow-up was 4.6 months with 2 reported complications. Conclusions: Single-incision laparoscopic total colectomy is feasible and safe in the hands of an experienced surgeon. It has been performed for both benign and malignant cases. It is comparable to the conventional multi-port laparoscopic total colectomy.
Ojo, Oluwatosin J.; Carne, David; Guyton, Daniel
To describe and to analyse the learning effect in laparoscopic myomectomy. Hospital chart records of 351 patients were retrospectively\\u000a evaluated. Myomectomy was performed in a standardised fashion. To assess a potential learning effect, only cases presenting\\u000a a singular intramural fibroid were analysed if a surgeon had done more than ten laparoscopic myomectomies of this type. Cases\\u000a were analysed according to
C. Altgassen; S. Kuss; U. Berger; W. Michels; K. Diedrich; A. Schultze-Mosgau
We conducted a retrospective chart review of 22 laparoscopic tubal anastomoses performed between May 1987 and May 1991. The procedures were modeled after the two-stitch technique of Swolin. Overall fertility rates were disappointing in this small series, although the first live birth has occurred. The two-stitch method and available laparoscopic suture needles and needle holders limited the surgical results. Modifications of technique and instrumentation should improve fertility outcome. PMID:9050454
Reich, H; McGlynn, F; Parente, C; Sekel, L; Levie, M
Background: Ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a common practice in the United States, but its development remains\\u000a slow in most other countries. The objective of the current study was to report the impact of ambulatory surgery on the practice\\u000a of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a major teaching hospital since the inception of the service. Methods: The hospital database\\u000a of patients who underwent
H. Lau; D. C. Brooks
Lumbar hernias, rarely seen in clinical practice, can be acquired after open or laparoscopic flank surgery. We describe a successful laparoscopic preperitoneal mesh repair of multiple trocar-site hernias after extraperitoneal nephrectomy. All the key steps including creating a peritoneal flap, reducing the hernia contents, and fixation of the mesh are described. A review of the literature on this infrequent operation is presented. Laparoscopic repair of lumbar hernias has all the advantages of laparoscopic ventral hernia repair.
Milone, Luca; Gumbs, Andrew; Turner, Patricia
\\u000a Laparoscopic pyeloplasty offers the success of open surgery with the benefit of decreased postoperative pain and decreased\\u000a length of stay. Its use, however, is limited by the steep learning curve required for proficient laparoscopic skills. The\\u000a introduction of robotic assistance shortens the laparoscopic learning curve and may allow increased use of laparoscopy in\\u000a performing pediatric laparoscopic pyeloplasty. This chapter describes
Chad R. Tracy; Craig A. Peters
Purpose Laparoscopic techniques have allowed surgeons to perform complicated intra-abdominal surgery with minimal trauma. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) was developed with the aim of reducing the invasiveness of conventional laparoscopy. In this study we aimed to compare results of SILS cholecystectomy and three port conventional laparoscopic (TPCL) cholecystectomy prospectively. Methods In this prospective study, 100 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder disease were randomly allocated to SILS cholecystectomy (group 1) or TPCL cholecystectomy (group 2). Demographics, pathologic diagnosis, operating time, blood loss, length of hospital stay, complications, pain score, conversion rate, and satisfaction of cosmetic outcome were recorded. Results Forty-four SILS cholesystectomies (88%) and 42 TPCL cholecystectomies (84%) were completed successfully. Conversion to open surgery was required for 4 cases in group 1 and 6 cases in group 2. Operating time was significantly longer in group 1 compared with group 2 (73 minutes vs. 48 minutes; P < 0.05). Higher pain scores were observed in group 1 versus group 2 in postoperative day 1 (P < 0.05). There was higher cosmetic satisfaction in group 1 (P < 0.05). Conclusion SILS cholecystectomy performed by experienced surgeons is at least as successful, feasible, effective and safe as a TPCL cholecystectomy. Surgeons performing SILS should have a firm foundation of advanced minimal access surgical skills and a cautious, gradated approach to attempt the various procedures. Prospective randomized studies comparing single access versus conventional multiport laparoscopic cholecystectomy, with large volumes and long-term follow-up, are needed to confirm our initial experience. (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01772745.)
Barbaros, Umut; Kapakli, Mahmut Sertan; Manukyan, Manuk Norayk; Simsek, Selcuk; Kebudi, Abut; Mercan, Selcuk
The purpose of this report was to determine the frequency of hysterectomy and describe its indications and outcomes. A retrospective, descriptive study related to active hysterectomy of was conducted at the reference health centre of commune V in Bamako, Mali from January 1st, 2004 to December 31st, 2008. All hysterectomy patients with complete medical files were included. A total of 172 files were identified including 152 that were complete. Hysterectomy accounted for 1.38% of all interventions during the study period. The procedure was carried out in emergency in 0.14% and electively in 13.39%. Mean patient age was 47.9 +/- 11.7 years; 89 patients were older than 45 years. The indications for hysterectomy were complicated uterine fibroids in 82 patients, genital prolapse in 44, adenomyosis in 10, obstetrical hysterectomy in 13 and cervical dysplasia in 3. The abdominal route was used in 100 patients (65.8%) and the vaginal rout in 52 (34.2%). The duration of the procedure and hospital stay was longer after hysterectomy by the abdominal (p<0.05). Perioperative complications were observed in 17% of patients after abdominal hysterectomy versus 7.69% after vaginal hysterectomy. Two maternal deaths due to hemorrhagic shock were observed after obstetrical hysterectomy. Hysterectomy is a frequent intervention that is not without complication risks. Choice of route depends on the indication and skill of the operator. Although endoscopic surgery is still difficult to perform in developing countries, development of vaginal hysterectomy is necessary to reduce perioperative complications. PMID:22393643
Traoré, M; Togo, A; Traoré, Y; Dembélé, B T; Diakité, I; Traoré, S O; Traoré, O M; Coulibaly, A; Keita, S I; Diabaté, A
Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy was first described by Ger, Schultz, Corbitt, and Filipi in the early 1990s (1-4) and burst upon the surgical scene just after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It rapidly became popular, and many different techniques for repair were developed. Over the last decade much good work has been done to find which type of laparoscopic repair is best, to determine
Chad J. Davis; Maurice E. Arregui
Summary Background Data: The value of laparoscopy in appendicitis is not established. Studies suffer from multiple limitations. Our aim is to compare the safety and benefits of laparoscopic versus open appendectomy in a prospective randomized double blind study. Methods: Two hundred forty-seven patients were analyzed following either laparoscopic or open appendectomy. A standardized wound dressing was applied blinding both patients and independent data collectors. Surgical technique was standardized among 4 surgeons. The main outcome measures were postoperative complications. Secondary outcome measures included evaluation of pain and activity scores at base line preoperatively and on every postoperative day, as well as resumption of diet and length of stay. Activity scores and quality of life were assessed on short-term follow-up. Results: There was no mortality. The overall complication rate was similar in both groups (18.5% versus 17% in the laparoscopic and open groups respectively), but some early complications in the laparoscopic group required a reoperation. Operating time was significantly longer in the laparoscopic group (80 minutes versus 60 minutes; P = 0.000) while there was no difference in the pain scores and medications, resumption of diet, length of stay, or activity scores. At 2 weeks, there was no difference in the activity or pain scores, but physical health and general scores on the short-form 36 (SF36) quality of life assessment forms were significantly better in the laparoscopic group. Appendectomy for acute or complicated (perforated and gangrenous) appendicitis had similar complication rates, regardless of the technique (P = 0.181). Conclusions: Unlike other minimally invasive procedures, laparoscopic appendectomy did not offer a significant advantage over open appendectomy in all studied parameters except quality of life scores at 2 weeks. It also took longer to perform. The choice of the procedure should be based on surgeon or patient preference.
Katkhouda, Namir; Mason, Rodney J.; Towfigh, Shirin; Gevorgyan, Anna; Essani, Rahila
A 38 year old lady who had total abdominal hysterectomy, for chronic pelvic pain, presented with profuse vaginal discharge per vaginum along with a cystic pelvic mass of 10 week size. There was a polypoidal fleshy growth present in the vault. It was diagnosed to be a fallopian tube on histopathology. Patient was treated with bilateral salpingo-ophorectomy through an open laparotomy. PMID:15455626
Noor, Shehla; Halimi, Mussarat; Faiz, Nasreen Ruby; Sadaf, Farhadia; Akhtar, Perveen; Zahoor, Shafaq
In a retrospective study at a university hospital, the perioperative morbidity associated with elective total abdominal hysterectomy in 23 Jehovah's Witnesses was compared with that of 46 non-Witness controls. The mean operative blood loss was significantly less, the procedure was lengthier and the average postoperative hospital stay was longer in the study than in the control group. Febrile morbidity was insignificantly more frequent among the study group (OR: 2.05, CI: 0.61-6.88) and there was no significant difference between the overall morbidity experienced by patients in both groups (study: 43.5% versus control: 39.1%; P = 0.73). The perioperative morbidity associated with elective abdominal hysterectomy in patients unwilling to accept blood transfusion does not justify the denial of this important gynaecological surgery when indicated. Gynaecologists in poor resource settings should consciously aim at providing 'bloodless' care for all their patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy as this may translate to reduced blood loss and decreased need for blood transfusion. PMID:16147614
Oladapo, O T
Laparoscopic hernioplasty is a technique which can present a number of specific complications. This paper reviews the complications that can occur during laparoscopic hernia repair and ways to avoid them; it also describes the surgical technique used successfully in over 1000 cases. Initial experience suggests that complications can be avoided with adequate knowledge, attention to surgical anatomy and the proper technique of laparoscopic hernioplasty. Early recurrences are rare and invariably result from inadequate surgical technique. Inadequate fixation of the mesh, inadequate mesh size, and failure to cover unidentified wall defects (hernias which have never been repaired), are the main causes of early recurrence of hernia. Experience, knowledge of complications and how to avoid them, adequate training and attention to the anatomy of the inguinal region are the most important factors in correcting inguinal hernia successfully by laparoscopy.
Reusch, Marcus; daRosa, Andre L. M.; Carlos, Jose Roberto B.
Millions of men are diagnosed annually with prostate cancer worldwide. With the advent of PSA screening, there has been a shift in the detection of early prostate cancer, and there are increased numbers of men with asymptomatic, organ confined disease. Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is the latest, well accepted treatment that patients can select. We review the surgical technique, and oncologic and functional outcomes of the most current, large series of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy published in English. Positive margin rates range from 2.1–6.9% for pT2a, 9.9–20.6% for pT2b, 24.5–42.3% for pT3a, and 22.6–54.5% for pT3b. Potency rates after bilateral nerve sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy range from 47.1 to 67%. Continence rates at 12 months range from 83.6 to 92%.
Lipke, Michael; Sundaram, Chandru P.
Background: Spinal surgery is one of the newest frontiers of videolaparoscopic surgery, but requires the cooperative efforts of both the spinal surgeon and the laparoscopic general surgeon. Data Base: We report our experience with 76 cases of laparoscopic spinal surgery, using both a transperitoneal and a retroperitoneal approach. Technical details and complications are described in detail. Conclusions: Fifty-one patients had a transperitoneal approach with an average operating time of 117 minutes. Uncomplicated cases stayed 4.4 days. Five patients required conversion. All but one patient had L5-S1 level surgery. Twenty-five patients had a retroperitoneal approach with 150 minutes operating time and a 5.7 day stay. Conversions were minimized with a two-balloon technique. The retroperitoneal approach allows for multiple level surgery with virtually unlimited fusion devices. Laparoscopically assisted spine surgery affords all the benefits of minimally invasive surgery, without limitations for the spinal surgeon.
Cattey, Richard P.; Stoll, James E.; Robbins, Stephen
OBJECTIVE To examine short- and long-term mesh-related complications in women undergoing abdominal sacral colpopexy with concurrent hysterectomy, compared with women with a prior hysterectomy undergoing sacral colpopexy alone. METHODS Patient characteristics, hospital complications, postoperative clinical course, and long-term graft-related complications were reviewed for all women with genital prolapse who underwent abdominal sacral colopexy between 1996 and 1998. Women with concurrent hysterectomy were compared with women with vaginal prolapse after a prior hysterectomy. RESULTS One hundred twenty-four patients, 60 with concurrent hysterectomy and 64 with prior hysterectomy, were observed postoperatively for a median of 35.5 (0–74) months. Demographics of the two groups were similar, with a mean age of 65.1 ± 9.4 years and a mean body mass index of 25.8 ± 4.2 kg/m2. Eighty percent of colpopexies used prolene sythetic mesh and 20% allograft material. Initial operative and hospital complications were rare in both groups and included a blood transfusion of 2 U, a ureteral transection, a wound infection, heart block, and an arrhythmia. Delayed graft complications included one mesh erosion in a patient with a prior hysterectomy that was managed by office resection (0.8%). CONCLUSION Concurrent hysterectomy with abdominal sacral colopopexy has a low incidence of mesh complications and can be used as a first-line treatment for genital prolapse.
Brizzolara, Shawna; Pillai-Allen, Anita
Objective To evaluate the feasibility of robotic single-port transumbilical total hysterectomy using a home-made surgical glove port system. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent robotic single-port transumbilical total hysterectomy between January 2010 and July 2010. All surgical procedures were performed through a single 3-4-cm umbilical incision, with a multi-channel system consisting of a wound retractor, a surgical glove, and two 10/12-mm and two 8 mm trocars. Results Seven patients were treated with robotic single-port transumbilical total hysterectomy. Procedures included total hysterectomy due to benign gynecological disease (n=5), extra-fascial hysterectomy due to carcinoma in situ of the cervix (n=1), and radical hysterectomy due to cervical cancer IB1 (n=1). The median total operative time was 109 minutes (range, 105 to 311 minutes), the median blood loss was 100 mL (range, 10 to 750 mL), and the median weight of the resected uteri was 200 g (range, 40 to 310 g). One benign case was converted to 3-port robotic surgery due to severe pelvic adhesions, and no post-operative complications occurred. Conclusion Robotic single-port transumbilical total hysterectomy is technically feasible in selected patients with gynecological disease. Robotics may enhance surgical skills during single-port transumbilical hysterectomy, especially in patients with gynecologic cancers.
Nam, Eun Ji; Kim, Sang Wun; Lee, Maria; Yim, Ga Won; Paek, Ji Heum; Lee, San Hui; Kim, Sunghoon; Kim, Jae Hoon; Kim, Jae Wook
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate and compare aspects of operative accessibility and perioperative outcome after radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy performed through a vertical, Pfannenstiel, or Maylard abdominal incision.STUDY DESIGN: During an 8-year interval, 236 patients underwent radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy as primary treatment for cervical cancer at the Watson Clinic. Patients were admitted under a standard perioperative
James W. Orr; Pamela J. Orr; Dara D. Bolen; James L. Holimon
Objective The objective was to evaluate the feasibility and complication rate of vaginal hysterectomy with or without adnexectomy in women with enlarged uteri and\\/or other considered contraindications to the vaginal route. Study design Over a period of 2 years, a total of 204 women underwent vaginal hysterectomy for benign pathology. Normally considered contraindications to the vaginal route were: moderate to excessive
Pierluigi Paparella; Ornella Sizzi; Alfonso Rossetti; Franco De Benedittis; Raffaele Paparella
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare advantages, disadvantages, and outcomes in patients who undergo vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy for enlarged symptomatic uteri. Study Design: In a prospective, randomized study, 60 vaginal hysterectomies (study group) were compared with 59 abdominal hysterectomies (control group); all of the hysterectomies were performed for symptomatic uterine fibroids from January 1997 through December
L. Benassi; T. Rossi; C. T. Kaihura; L. Ricci; L. Bedocchi; B. Galanti; E. Vadora
Laparoscopic bipolar coagulation of uterine vessels was performed in three women with symptomatic myomas who required conventional surgical treatment. Uterine size and dominant myoma size were assessed by ultrasonography before and after surgery. Both uterine arteries, as well as anastomosis zone of uterine arteries with ovarian arteries, were occluded in all three women. Surgery was uneventful, and patients were hospitalized
In general, reversal of Hartmann's procedure is associated with a high morbidity and therefore leads to a low rate of intestinal restoration. Reversal of Hartmann's procedure has to be seen as a complex abdominal operation with the same possible complications as in other colorectal resections. By using the laparoscopic technique, operative access trauma by laparotomy can be minimized. After introducing single-port access into laparoscopic surgery beginning with cholecystectomies and sigmoid resections, we started with the first single-port laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure in January 2010. After excision of the colostoma, mobilization, and reponing into the abdominal cavity, the single-port trocar was placed at the stoma incision without any extra scar. We investigated whether the single-port laparoscopic reversal is as safely feasible as the “conventional” laparoscopic procedure. Till December 2010, single-port reversal operation was performed in 8 patients 2–4 months after Hartmann's procedure because of complicated diverticulitis. No conversion to “conventional” laparoscopic or open procedure was necessary in 1 patient one extra 5?mm trocar was used. The average operation time was 74?min. Except for one wound complication, the postoperative course was uncomplicated. The patients were discharged after 4 to 8 postoperative days. Single-port reversal of Hartmann's procedure has showed as a new method for minimizing the access trauma even further than “conventional” laparoscopic surgery.
Carus, Th.; Emmert, A.
OBJECTIVES: To examine variations in rates of hysterectomy for the five main indications for the procedure in regions of Ontario. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based analysis of hospital discharge abstracts. SETTING: All acute care facilities in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: All 65,599 women whose hospital record contained a procedure code indicating that a hysterectomy was performed between Apr. 1, 1988, and Mar. 31, 1991. Duplicate cases, records of cancelled procedures and nonresidents were excluded. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Crude and age-adjusted rates of hysterectomy, by indication, for each region of Ontario. RESULTS: Five indications accounted for more than 80% of hysterectomies performed. The median age-adjusted rate of hysterectomy for Ontario regions during the study period was 6.25 per 1000 women, with a 2.7-fold variation among regions. The regions with rates of hysterectomy in the highest quartile tended to be rural, and those with rates in the lowest quartile tended to be urban areas with teaching hospitals. When rates of hysterectomy for specific indications were examined, they showed substantial variations among regions in the rate of the procedure for menstrual hemorrhage (18-fold variation), uterine prolapse (9.3-fold) and endometriosis (6.3-fold). A smaller but still significant variation was shown in the rate of hysterectomy for leiomyoma (2.3-fold). Regional variation in the rate of hysterectomy for cancer (2.5-fold) was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: There are large interregional variations in rates of hysterectomy, especially for indications that are more discretionary than others (i.e., menstrual hemorrhage, uterine prolapse and endometriosis) and less variation in rates when treatment options and diagnosis are clear-cut. This result suggests the need for more definitive practice guidelines on treatment of the indications for which the rate is more variable.
Hall, R E; Cohen, M M
The advantages and applications of the videolaparoscopic technique (VL) versus open surgery in the treatment of acute and complicated appendicitis are not well defined. Our study examined 150 patients, 67 males and 83 females. They underwent surgery for acute appendicitis in emergency. The choice between open or laparoscopic tecnique was due to patient's clinical conditions and surgeon's experience. Two of these patients had no infiammatory process. Eleven patients were affected by gynaecological diseases. The last 137 patients underwent surgery for acute appendicitis and the diagnosis was confirmed. Among them, 35 (25%) were affected by a complicated appendicitis with diffuse or clearly defined peritonitis. In 134 patients the surgery was completed laparoscopically. The conversion rate was 2%. Morbility rate was 3%, due to intra abdominal abscesses secondary to acute complicated appendicitis. The mean operative time was 76 min and the mean hospital stay was 4.8 days. The death rate was 0%. In our experience, laparoscopic appendectomy has significant advantages over traditional open surgery in both acute and complicated appendicitis, especially in young women. In this way, we can diagnose pelvic disease that could be characterized by the same symptoms of acute appendicitis, then we suggest laparoscopic appendectomy even just to complete the diagnostic iter. Laparoscopy is useful in terms of convalescence, postoperative pain, hospital stay, aesthetic outcome and an easier exploration of the peritoneal cavity. PMID:22595725
Pezzolla, Angela; Milella, Marialessia; Lattarulo, Serafina; Barile, Graziana; Pascazio, Bianca; Ialongo, Paolo; Fabiano, Gennaro; Palasciano, Nicola
We performed laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty in a boy with right ureteropelvic junction obstruction using 4 cannula sites, and a dismembering and reanastomosis technique identical to that used in open pyeloplasty. Interrupted sutures were placed and tied intracorporeally. A nephrostomy tube was placed under direct vision for drainage but no ureteral stent was used. Total operating time was 5 hours. The
Craig A. Peters; Richard N. Schlussel; Alan B. Retik
The objective of this study was to understand the meaning of hysterectomy according to a group of Chilean men, partners of women who have undergone the procedure (MPWH). This qualitative study was performed with in-depth interviews. A total of 15 men, partners of women who have undergone hysterectomy, were interviewed between May and September of 2010, under the approval of the Ethics Committees. Data analysis was performed using the phenomenological perspective proposed by Giorgi, and content analysis was performed according to Krippendorff. The Crestwell criteria were used to evaluate the trustworthiness of the analysis and guarantee descriptive validity. Five dimensions emerged, which represented unique aspects of hysterectomy according to the men: symptoms, comments, the attributions of the uterus, concerns and changes in sexuality. It is essential to educate MPWH in terms of the support required by women undergoing hysterectomy. Therefore they should be included in the care plan designed for women undergoing hysterectomy. PMID:23380775
Gutiérrez, Alejandra Araya; Soto, María-Teresa Urrutia; Suazo, Daniel Jara; Solovera, Sergio Silva; Salas, María Jesús Lira; Espinoza, Claudia Flores
Introduction Sigmoid colectomy for diverticulitis can be technically challenging because of severe inflammation in the left-lower quadrant and pelvis. We hypothesized that hand-assisted laparoscopic technique may facilitate laparoscopic completion of this surgery while retaining the short-term benefits associated with “pure” laparoscopic surgery, in which an incision is made only for extracting the specimen. This study was designed to compare the
Sang W. Lee; James Yoo; Nadav Dujovny; Toyooki Sonoda; Jeffrey W. Milsom
A key limitation of the state-of-the-art laparoscopes for minimally invasive surgery is the tradeoff between the field of view and spatial resolution in a single-view camera system. As such, surgical procedures are usually performed at a zoomed-in view, which limits the surgeon's ability to see much outside the immediate focus of interest and causes a situational awareness challenge. We proposed a multiresolution foveated laparoscope (MRFL) aiming to address this limitation. The MRFL is able to simultaneously capture wide-angle overview and high-resolution images in real time; it can scan and engage the high-resolution images to any subregion of the entire surgical field in analogy to the fovea of human eye. The MRFL is able to render equivalently 10 million pixel resolution with a low data bandwidth requirement. The system has a large working distance (WD) from 80 to 180 mm. The spatial resolvability is about 45 ?m in the object space at an 80 mm WD, while the resolvability of a conventional laparoscope is about 250 ?m at a typically 50 mm surgical distance. PMID:23811873
Qin, Yi; Hua, Hong; Nguyen, Mike
Objective This study was designed to describe the surgical technique for single-incision laparoscopic right colectomy and present preliminary\\u000a short-term results. Laparoscopic surgery has been fully validated as alternative, minimally invasive treatment for different\\u000a benign and malignant conditions. In the attempt to reduce even more the surgical trauma, natural orifices transluminal endoscopic\\u000a surgery (NOTES™) and single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) have been proposed.
Luigi Boni; Gianlorenzo Dionigi; Elisa Cassinotti; Matteo Di Giuseppe; Mario Diurni; Stefano Rausei; Fabrizio Cantore; Renzo Dionigi
Background Liver resection is the definitive treatment for unilateral hepatolithiasis . Recently, laparoscopic major hepatectomias have become more common and are being performed in highly specialized centers\\u000a [2–4]. However, few laparoscopic liver resections for hepatolithiasis have been reported. Chen et al.  reported two cases of laparoscopic left lobectomy for hepatolithiasis, but to our knowledge, right hepatectomy has never\\u000a been reported
M. A. C. Machado; F. F. Makdissi; R. C. T. Surjan; A. R. F. Teixeira; A. Sepúlveda; T. Bacchella; M. C. C. Machado
Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is well establish procedure and having advantages over open donor nephrectomy in terms of having less pain, early ambulation and rapid post operative recovery. To extend the advantages of laparoscopic surgery to the recipient, recently we have performed laparoscopic kidney transplantations when kidney was procured from deceased donors. As a further extension of the procedure, here we present a case of laparoscopic en bloc kidney transplantation in obese diabetic recipient who received kidneys from 70 year old non-heart beating donor.
Modi, Pranjal; Thyagaraj, Krishnaprasad; Rizvi, Syed Jamal; Vyas, Jigish; Padhi, Sukant; Shah, Kamlesh; Patel, Ram
Laparoscopic dissection of the intramural ureter to repair a complete transection of the distal ureter: Initial experience with a new minimally invasive technique that preserves the anatomy of the urinary tract
We report 2 patients with ureteral injury after a simple total laparoscopic hysterectomy for uterine myoma with a complete resection of the distal ureter. One patient had unilateral injury and the other 2 patients had bilateral injury. The surgical laparoscopic repair procedure was carried out 3 to 5 days after the injury. Surgery involved intramural dissection of the distal ureteral stump to expose at least 1 cm of the ureter, percutaneous ureteral stent placement, elimination of tension between the proximal ureter and the dissected distal stump, end-to-end anastomosis, and reinsertion of the distal ureter into the bladder muscle layer, which was previously dissected for the anastomosis.
Juarez-Soto, Alvaro; Arroyo-Maestre, Jose Miguel; Soto-Delgado, Manuel; Beardo-Villar, Pastora; Arrabal-Polo, Miguel Angel; Sanchez-Margallo, Francisco Miguel
A 36-year-old male was admitted with right lower abdominal pain and diarrhea for more than 3 mo. Colonoscopy and a barium enema study revealed a submucosal tumor over the cecum, but computed tomography showed an ileal lipoma. There was no definitive diagnosis preoperatively, but ileocolic intussusception was noted during surgery. Single port laparoscopic radical right hemicolectomy was performed because intra-operative reduction failed. The histological diagnosis of the resected tumor was lipoma. Single port laparoscopic surgery has recently been proven to be safe and feasible. There are advantages compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery, such as smaller incision wounds, fewer port site complications, and easier conversion. However, there are some drawbacks which need to be overcome, such as difficulties in triangulation and instrument clashing. If there are no contraindications to laparoscopy, single port laparoscopic surgery can be performed safely and should be considered for diagnosis and treatment of intussusception in adults. Here, we report the first case of ileocolic intussusception successfully treated by single port laparoscopic surgery. PMID:23538552
Chen, Jia-Hui; Wu, Jhe-Syun
Pure laparoscopic hepatectomy is a less invasive procedure than conventional open hepatectomy for the resection of hepatic lesions. Increases in experiences with the technique, in combination with advances in technology, have promoted the popularity of pure laparoscopic hepatectomy. However, indications for usage and potential contraindications of the procedure remain unresolved. The characteristics and specific advantages of the procedure, especially for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with chronic liver diseases, are reviewed and discussed in this paper. For cirrhotic patients with liver tumors, pure laparoscopic hepatectomy minimizes destruction of the collateral blood and lymphatic flow from laparotomy and mobilization, and mesenchymal injury from compression. Therefore, pure laparoscopic hepatectomy has the specific advantage of minimal postoperative ascites production that leads to lowering the risk of disturbance in water or electrolyte balance and hypoproteinemia. It minimizes complications that routinely trigger postoperative serious liver failure. Under adequate patient positioning and port arrangement, the partial resection of the liver in the area of subphrenic space, peri-inferior vena cava area or next to the attachment of retro-peritoneum is facilitated in pure laparoscopic surgery by providing good vision and manipulation in the small operative field. Furthermore, the features of reduced post-operative adhesion, good vision, and manipulation within the small area between the adhesions make this procedure safer in the context of repeat hepatectomy procedures. These improved features are especially advantageous for patients with liver cirrhosis and multicentric and/or metachronous HCCs. PMID:24073300
Morise, Zenichi; Kawabe, Norihiko; Kawase, Jin; Tomishige, Hirokazu; Nagata, Hidetoshi; Ohshima, Hisanori; Arakawa, Satoshi; Yoshida, Rie; Isetani, Masashi
BackgroundIndications for and results of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) are still controversial, especially between Europe and the United States. The recent availability of gastric bandings in the United States made it necessary to compare the two techniques.
Laurent Biertho; Rudolf Steffen; Thomas Ricklin; Fritz F Horber; Alfons Pomp; William B Inabnet; Daniel Herron; Michel Gagner
Laparoscopy has become an effective modality for the treatment of many pediatric urologic conditions that need both extirpative and reconstructive techniques. Laparoscopic procedures for urologic diseases in children, such as pyeloplasty, orchiopexy, nephrectomy, and bladder augmentation, have proven to be safe and effective with outcomes comparable to those of open techniques. Given the steep learning curve and technical difficulty of laparoscopic surgery, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RAS) is increasingly being adopted in pediatric patients worldwide. Anything that can be performed laparoscopically in adults can be extended into pediatric practice with minor technical refinements. We review the role of laparoscopic and RAS in pediatric urology and provide technical considerations necessary to perform minimally invasive surgery successfully. PMID:22050504
Tomaszewski, Jeffrey J; Casella, Daniel P; Turner, Robert M; Casale, Pasquale; Ost, Michael C
. We introduced open adjustable silicone gastric banding (ASGB) for treatment of morbid obesity in our institution\\u000a in 1991. It was done in a prospective study comparing ASGB with vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) with regard to weight loss.\\u000a After 200 cases of open ASGB and 210 VBG procedures and the encouraging weight loss results, we started laparoscopic placement\\u000a of the
Mitiku Belachew; Marc Legrand; Vernon Vincent; Michel Lismonde; Nicole Le Docte; Veronique Deschamps
Background Despite numerous attempts to improve the techniques used for hernia repair, current published series show that recurrence\\u000a rates are as high as 5–20%. The complexity of inguinal anatomy, combined with multiple potential areas of weakness, has contributed\\u000a to the difficulty in preventing recurrences. However, the laparoscopic approach to inguinal herniorrhaphy has allowed clear\\u000a visualization of all preperitoneal fascial planes and
B. Ramshaw; F. Wo Shuler; H. B. Jones; T. D. Duncan; J. White; R. Wilson; G. W. Lucas; E. M. Mason
Summary \\u000a Background: A body mass index (BMI) of 40 or above represents clinically severe obesity, and warrants operative treatment, if requested\\u000a to bariatric surgery. The Adjustable Silicone Gastric Banding (Lap-Band, Bioenterics) and the Swedish Adjustable Gastric\\u000a Band (SAGB, Obtech) are recently produced laparoscopic gastric restrictive procedures. The aim of this study was to assess\\u000a all the possible complications linked to
K. Miller; E. Hell
Background: Resection of diverticular disease may be quite challenging; the acute inflammatory process, thick sigmoid mesentery, and\\u000a any associated fistula or abscess can make this procedure technically demanding. The aim of this study was to compare the\\u000a results between laparoscopic and laparotomy-type resections stratified by disease severity and thereby predict outcome and\\u000a possibly a subset of patients who may benefit
M. E. Sher; F. Agachan; M. Bortul; J. J. Nogueras; E. G. Weiss; S. D. Wexner
\\u000a Laparoscopic pyeloplasty as a treatment option for the obstructed ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) combines the advantage of an\\u000a open reconstruction under direct magnified vision with the low morbidity of an endoscopic approach. First described as a minimally\\u000a invasive treatment option by Schuessler and colleagues in 1993 (1), there are several large published series with extended\\u000a follow-up confirming long-term patency rates of
Sean P. Hedican; Murali K. Ankem
Background: We assessed the role of mangafodipirenhanced magnetic resonance (MR) cholangiography in the detection and location of bile duct leaks after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: In a prospective study, 34 patients with clinical suspicion of bile duct leak after laparoscopic cholecystectomy underwent MR imaging. Our protocol included conventional heavily T2-weighted MR cholangiography and three-dimensional T1-weighted MR cholangiography after an intravenous bolus
M. Aduna; J. A. Larena; D. Martín; B. Martínez-Guereñu; I. Aguirre; E. Astigarraga
Trocar injury is one of the most serious and potentially preventable complications of laparoscopic surgery. Use of a blunt\\u000a rather than a cutting trocar could be expected to lessen the likelihood of this injury. Therefore complications related to\\u000a laparoscopic port design were studied by comparing conventional cutting trocars with radially expanding (blunt) trocars. A\\u000a multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical trial was
Sunil Bhoyrul; John Payne; Bruce Steffes; Lee Swanstrom
A case of chronic pancreatitis localized in the head of the pancreas with pancreas divisum was treated by laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy. The laparoscopic technique of resection and reconstruction with a gastrojejunostomy, hepaticojejunostomy, and pancreaticojejunostomy is described. The postoperative period was complicated by a jejunal ulcer and delayed gastric emptying necessitating a prolonged hospitalization and intravenous hyperalimentation. No fistulas occurred, a
M. Gagner; A. Pomp
An 11-year-old Trakehner gelding required 2 ventral midline celiotomies for correction of a large colon volvulus and a large colon displacement, respectively. Laparoscopic colopexy was performed 50 days following the 2nd celiotomy. Delayed laparoscopic colopexy is minimally invasive and does not disrupt the ventral midline incision following abdominal exploration.
Butt, Troy D.; Wilson, David G.
Background: Retropubic and perineal radical prostatectomy are used for curative treatment of localized prostate cancer. More complex urological procedures are now being done with laparoscopy. We present our initial results of transperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.Materials and Methods: Twenty laparoscopic radical prostatectomies were performed between May 1998 and May 1999. The mean age at the time of surgery was 64.2 years.
F. Jacob; L. Salomon; A. Hoznek; J. Bellot; P. Antiphon; D. K. Chopin; C. C. Abbou
Laparoscopic surgery of the bile ducts is evolving rapidly. Laparoscopic bile duct exploration is reaching wide application and is competitive with postoperative ERCP for treatment of choledocholithiasis. Staging laparoscopy is an important laparoscopic advance that is increasing resectability rates for pancreatic and hepatic tumors through laparoscopic detection of unresectable tumors. Bile duct injury is an important problem in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Classification, avoidance, and management are discussed. PMID:8903564
Strasberg, S M; Callery, M P; Soper, N J
Transcatheter arterial embolization is becoming the therapy of choice for controlling obstetric hemorrhage, affording the ability to control persistent bleeding from pelvic vessels while avoiding the morbidity of surgical exploration. The clinicians are left with little choice if pelvic hemorrhage continues after hysterectomy and ligation of anterior division of both internal iliac arteries. We present one such case of intractable post-obstetric hysterectomy hemorrhage in which an ovarian artery pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed angiographically and successfully embolized, highlighting the role of transcatheter embolization.
Rathod, Krantikumar R, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Deshmukh, Hemant L; Asrani, Ashwin [Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Department of Radiology (India); Salvi, Vinita S; Prabhu, Santoshi [Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (India)
Aim The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of irritable bowel syndrome in women undergoing hysterectomy and tubular ligation. Background The results of previous studies have shown an increased incidence of irritable bowel syndrome after gynecological surgeries. Patients and methods Participants were patients of Alzahra and Taleghani University hospitals in Tabriz. One hundred and seventy two women without gastrointestinal symptoms or a diagnosis of the irritable bowel syndrome underwent tubular ligation and 164 women underwent hysterectomy. Patients were assessed every 3 month after hysterectomy and tubular ligation for 12 months. Irritable bowel syndrome was diagnosed by a questionnaire based on Rome II criteria. Results During 12 months after surgeries, 19 (11%) patients in tubular ligation group and 19 (11%) in hysterectomy group had abdominal pain with at least two symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. Irritable bowel syndrome was diagnosed in 9 (5%) patients in the tubular ligation and 13 (8%) patients in hysterectomy groups (P>0.05). In both studied groups, the most prevalent symptoms along with abdominal pain were chronic constipation and abnormal bowel movement and the least prevalent were diarrhea and passage of mucus. Conclusion These results suggest that gynecological surgeries (tubular ligation and hysterectomy) may predispose to the development of the irritable bowel syndrome.
Khoshbaten, Manouchehr; Melli, Manigheh Syah; Fattahi, Monireh Jabar; Sharifi, Nasrin; Mostafavi, Seyed Abolfazl
Introduction To assess the feasibility of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) in some urological surgeries. Material and Methods This prospective study was conducted on 40 patients (27 males and 13 females) from January 2010 to June 2011. Six procedures were done, SILS renal cyst decortication (n = 10), SILS varicocelectomy (n = 10), SILS orchiopexy (n = 10), SILS nephrectomy (n = 3), SILS pyelolithtomy (n = 6) and SILS adrenalectomy (n = 1). Results Postoperative complications included ileus (10%) and fever (10%) in SILS renal cyst ablation. SILS varicocelectomy had postoperative sequalae as persistent varicocele (10%) and hydrocele (10%). SILS orchiopexy was also done with a success rate 100% in this series. SILS pyelolithotomy was successfully done in 5 out of 6 patients and only 1 patient was converted to conventional laparoscopy. In SILS nephrectomy 1 patient out of 3 was converted to conventional laparoscopy. Conclusion SILS in urology has proven to be safe and feasible in the hands of experienced laparoscopic surgeons, using specially designed ports and instruments in selected patients.
Sherif, Hammouda; El-Tabey, Magdy; Abo-taleb, Ahmed; Abdelbaky, Ahmed
We report on the transabdominal resection of infected lumbosacral bone, synthetic mesh, and sinus tract following sacral colpopexy.\\u000a A 45-year-old nulliparous patient who had undergone transvaginal mesh followed by robot-assisted sacral colpopexy presented\\u000a with increasing back pain and foul-smelling vaginal drainage. An epidural abscess required surgical intervention, including\\u000a diskectomy, sacral debridement, and mesh removal to drain the abscess and vaginal
Tyler M. Muffly; Gouri B. Diwadkar; Marie Fidela R. Paraiso
Background and Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes and complications of laparoscopic sacropexy with regard to 3 varying mesh attachment points: the vaginal stump, the cervical stump, and the posterior side of the cervix in the case of uterus preservation. Method: A retrospective study was conducted among 310 women treated for descensus with laparoscopic sacropexy between January 2000 and December 2007. Information was obtained from medical files and follow-up examinations. Results: Sacropexies with mesh attachment to the cervical stump, to the vaginal stump, and with uterus preservation were performed in 213, 67, and 30 cases, respectively. In 40 cases, no concomitant interventions were necessary. One perioperative conversion and 2 terminations occurred. Short-term complications included fever in 15 cases and urinary incontinence in 7 cases. Average follow-up was 7.9 mo with 211 patients completing follow-up. Prolapse recurrence rate was 10.4%; the reoperation rate was 4%. No significant differences between groups were detected for cystocele recurrence. Rectocele recurrence was significantly higher (P < .05) for sacropexy with vaginal mesh attachment. A reduction of incontinence was observed, which was significant (P < .05) for those patients treated with simultaneous or previous hysterectomy. Conclusion: Laparoscopic sacropexy shows good short-term results with low reprolapse and complication rates.
Tchartchian, Garri; Waldschmidt, Matthias; Schollmeyer, Thoralf; De Wilde, Rudy L.
Background Several large series of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) have been published, largely focusing on immediate results and\\u000a short-term complications. The aim of this study was to examine the results of LDN and collect medium-term and long-term donor\\u000a followup.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods We examined the results of two surgeons who performed 500 consecutive LDNs from 1996 to 2005. Prospective databases were reviewed\\u000a for both
Edward H. Chin; David Hazzan; Daniel M. Herron; John N. Gaetano; Scott A. Ames; Jonathan S. Bromberg; Michael Edye
Laparoscopic CBD exploration (LCBDE) is a cost effective, efficient and minimally invasive method of treating choledocholithiasis. Laparoscopic Surgery for common bile duct stones (CBDS) was first described in 1991, Petelin (Surg Endosc 17:1705-1715, 2003). The surgical technique has evolved since then and several studies have concluded that Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration(LCBDE) procedures are superior to sequential endolaparoscopic treatment in terms of both clinical and economical outcomes, Cuschieri et al. (Surg Endosc 13:952-957, 1999), Rhodes et al. (Lancet 351:159-161, 1998). We started doing LCBDE in 1998.Our experience with LCBDE from 1998 to 2004 has been published, Gupta and Bhartia (Indian J Surg 67:94-99, 2005). Here we present our series from January 2005 to March 2009. In a retrospective study from January 2005 to March 2009, we performed 3060 laparoscopic cholecystectomies, out of which 342 patients underwent intraoperative cholangiogram and 158 patients eventually had CBD exploration. 6 patients were converted to open due to presence of multiple stones and 2 patients were converted because of difficulty in defining Calots triangle; 42 patients underwent transcystic clearance, 106 patients had choledochotomy, 20 patients had primary closure of CBD whereas in 86 patients CBD was closed over T-tube; 2 patients had incomplete stone clearance and underwent postoperative ERCP. Choledochoduodenosotomy was done in 2 patients. Patients were followed regularly at six monthly intervals with a range of six months to three years of follow-up. There were no major complications like bile leak or pancreatitis. 8 patients had port-site minor infection which settled with conservative treatment. There were no cases of retained stones or intraabdominal infection. The mean length of hospital stay was 3 days (range 2-8 days). LCBDE remains an efficient, safe, cost-effective method of treating CBDS. Primary closure of choledochotomy in select patients is a viable & safe option with shorter operative time and length of stay. LCBDE can be performed successfully with minimal morbidity & mortality. PMID:21966140
Savita, K S; Bhartia, Vishnu K
Laparoscopic liver resections are gaining adherents among surgeons, as they show rapid recovery, shorter hospital stay and better cosmetic results. The use of a laparoscopic radiofrequency device was first carried out successfully in Brazil for resection of hepatocellular carcinoma of the segment VI in two cirrhotic patients. Although intraoperative bleeding remains a major challenge for the surgeon during laparoscopic liver resections, in both cases the hepatic vascular exclusion was expendable and there was no need for blood transfusion. Patients were discharged on the fourth postoperative day. PMID:23752645
Resende, Vivian; Lima, Cristiano Xavier; Lusckal, Mário Marcos; Aguiar, Milton Carlos; Gammeri, Emanuele; Habib, Nagy Adley; da Cunha-Melo, José Renan
Background: Incisional hernias can be a significant problem after open abdominal surgery. Laparoscopic incisional hernia repair (LIHR) is conceptually appealing: a large, abdominal wall re-incision with potential wound-related ill effects is avoided and an intra-peritoneal onlay mesh is expected to provide security that is equivalent to open, retro-muscular mesh repair. As such, LIHR has gained substantial popularity despite sparse, randomised clinical data to compare with conventional, open repair. Aim: To enumerate and discuss important, controversial issues in patient-selection, technique and early post-operative care for LIHR. Materials and Methods: Pragmatic summary of comprehensive review of English language literature, discussion with experts and personal experience. Outcomes: Six important areas of some dispute were identified: 1. Size of abdominal-wall defect that is suitable for LIHR: Generally, defect-diameter > 10 cm is better served by open retromuscular repair with tension-free re-approximation of the edges of the defect. 2. Extent of adhesiolysis: Complete division of adhesions to the anterior abdominal wall may identify sub-clinical “Swiss-cheese” defects but incurs some risk of additional complications. 3. Intra-operative recognition of enterotomy: Possible options are either laparoscopic suture of bowel injury and simultaneous completion of LIHR, or staged LIHR or conversion to open suture-repair. 4. Choice of mesh: “Composite” meshes are regarded as the current standard of care but there is paucity of data regarding potential dangers of intra-peritoneal polypropylene mesh. 5. Technique of mesh-fixation: Trans-parietal sutures are more secure than tacks, with limited data to correlate with post-operative pain. 6. Alarm over post-operative pain: Unlike other advanced laparoscopic operations, the specificity of pain as a marker of intra-abdominal sepsis after LIHR remains unclear. Conclusion: Recognition of and attention to controversial issues will promote increased success of LIHR.
Sarela, Abeezar I.
Laparoscopic techniques in surgical treatment of colorectal cancer are performed present in prospective trials. Operation times are clearly decreasing with growing surgical experience and oncological criteria concerning resection margins and lymphatic dissection are comparable with open surgery. Indications for laparoscopic rectal resections are the endoscopic non removable adenoma and cancer of the upper and lower rectum endosonographic up to maximum uT3-stage. All laparoscopic resections are performed under conventional oncological criteria: after exploration of the abdominal cavity and laparoscopic ultrasound of the liver we perform the ligature of the inferior mesenteric vein and artery. Dissection and resection of the mesorectum is done by the Harmonic Scalpel. The rectum is taken out by mini laparotomy and anastomosis is done by transanal stapler. PMID:9703649
Lorenz, E P; Konradt, J; Ehren, G; Ernst, F
Lumbar hernias are rare posterolateral abdominal wall defects that may be congenital or acquired. There are two types of lumbar hernia, the superior lumbar hernia through Grynfeltt triangle, and the inferior lumbar hernia through Petit triangle. Many techniques have been described for the surgical repair of lumbar hernias including primary repair, local tissue flaps, and conventional mesh repair. But these open techniques require a large skin incision. We report a case of superior lumbar hernia, which was successfully repaired using a laparoscopic approach.
Nam, Soon Young; Kee, Se Kook
BackgroundLaparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has recently become a feasible option in the management of morbid obesity. The objective of this study was to examine the morbidity and mortality arising from LSG as a primary procedure for weight loss.
Peter F. Lalor; Olga N. Tucker; Samuel Szomstein; Raul J. Rosenthal
PurposeAn increasing number of operative procedures in pediatric urology can be performed by laparoscopy. We report our experience with laparoscopic heminephroureterectomy, which is a typical operation in pediatric patients.
Gunter Janetschek; Jorg Seibold; Christian Radmayr; Georg Bartsch
It has been postulated that gaseous insufflation of the abdominal cavity results in temperature elevation, particularly in children, and that the use of heating blankets should be avoided during laparoscopic surgery. On review of the last 102 laparoscopic genitourinary cases, we conclude that the use of nonheated, nonhumidified carbon dioxide for insufflation during laparoscopic surgery under a general anesthetic results in mild hypothermia. The use of warming devices in this setting is both safe and appropriate. Children have a rise in temperature relative to preoperative measurement, although they are explicitly capable of hypothermia. Neither the duration of the procedure, the surgical approach, nor conversion to open exploration had a significant impact on temperature regulation. Adrenalectomy results in more exaggerated temperature changes than do other laparoscopic procedures. PMID:12396438
Kaynan, Ayal M; Winfield, Howard N
Simultant laparoscopic operations were performed in 1993-2003 yrs period in 321 patients, including 287--using laparoscopic and 34--the combined (laparoscopic and open) access. Concurrent diseases were diagnosed preoperatively in 219 (68.2%) of patients and were disclosed while doing intraoperative revision--in 102 (31.8%). The simultant operations performance, as a rule, enhanced mildly the total duration of a basic stage, did not influence the duration of postoperative period and the patients rehabilitation essentially, as well as for frequency of the intra--and postoperative complications occurrence. The authors consider that it is expedient to perform laparoscopic intervention simultaneously for concurrent surgical diseases of abdominal cavity. PMID:15124463
Nichita?lo, M E; Skums, V V; Diachenko, A N; Litvinenko, A N; Ogorodnik, P V; Galochka, I P; Kondratiuk, A P; Litvin, A I; Petrenko, K N; Rudyk, A D
With advancement in laparoscopic surgery a number of surgical procedures can be performed combined with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a single surgery. We evaluate the safety & efficacy of such surgeries. A retrospective review of all patients who had undergone combined procedures with laparoscopic cholecystectomy during January 2005 to June 2009 was performed. 3144 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed in the period from January 2005 to June 2009. Of these, 401 cases were combined with another procedure. The mean operative time was 80 min (range 50-270 min). The mean hospital stay was 3.2 days (range 1-5 days). The mean no. of days injectable analgesics was required was 2 days (range 1 day-4 days). Combined procedures provide patients with all the benefits of minimal invasive surgery and also give the benefit of single time anaesthesia without adding to post operative morbidity & hospital stay. PMID:21966136
Savita, Ks; Khedkar, Indira; Bhartia, Vishnu K
Experience with laparoscopic liver resections is limited. Laparoscopic resection of a variety of liver lesions has been reported and is considered appropriate for lesions in the left lateral segment and inferior segments of the right lobe. Herein, we report a 52-year-old male patient who underwent a laparoscopic resection of giant liver hemangioma with the use of a laparoscopic 4× Habib probe.
Gadiyaram, Srikanth; Shetty, Neel
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a relatively new surgical procedure which is enjoying ever-increasing popularity and presenting new anesthetic challenges. The advantages of shorter hospital stay and more rapid return to normal activities are combined with less pain associated with the small limited incisions and less postoperative ileus compared with the traditional open cholecystectomy. The efficacy of laparoscopic appendectomy and hemicolectomy has been recently evaluated. However, there have been no prospective randomized studies to date comparing laparoscopic with traditional laparotomy techniques. The physiological effects of prolonged pneumoperitoneum and the longer duration of surgery with the laparoscopic techniques are of concern. The application of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair may be limited because, unlike traditional surgical hepair, general anesthesia is required and concerns have been expressed about the duration of surgery and the possibility of hernia recurrence. Notwithstanding case reports and series describing successful diaphragmatic and hiatus hernia repair using a laparoscopic surgical technique, the frequently encountered complications of cervical surgical emphysema, pneumothorax, and pneumomediastinum, attributed to passage of insufflating gas through weak points or defects in the diaphragm, must be of major concern. Anesthesiologists must maintain a high index of suspicion for these potential complication and must undertake appropriate monitoring. If there is clinical evidence of a tension pneumothorax, immediate chest tube decompression is indicated. Intraoperative complications of laparoscopic surgery are mostly due to traumatic injuries sustained during blind trocar insertion and physiological changes associated with patient positioning and pneumoperitoneum creation. The choice of anesthetic technique for upper abdominal laparoscopic procedures is most frequently limited to general anesthesia. Controlled ventilation avoids hypercarbia, and an anesthetic technique incorporating antiemetics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents has reduced postoperative nausea and vomiting following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The use of nitrous oxide during laparoscopic procedures remains controversial. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a major advance in the management of patients with symptomatic gall-bladder disease. However, in the present era of cost containment, older and sicker patients may present for this procedure on the day of surgery without adequate preoperative evaluation. Anesthesiologists should thus be prepared to recommend deflation of the pneumoperitoneum and possibly conversion to an open procedure if hemodynamic, oxygenation, or ventilation difficulties arise during the procedure. PMID:7831596
Cunningham, A J
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and outcome of obstetric hysterectomy. Of 48,865 women who delivered after 24 weeks' gestation in the South East Thames Region between March 1997 and February 1998, 22 women with obstetric hysterectomy were identified, and 15 prospectively followed-up (71% response rate). The incidence of obstetric hysterectomy was 0.45/1,000 deliveries with one maternal death (4.5%). Identified risk factors were delivery by caesarean section (68%), previous caesarean section (33%) and placenta praevia (24%). Mean blood loss and replacement were 5.2 l and 17 units, with a 38% risk of re-operation and 21% risk of urinary tract injury. Follow-up showed poor general health 6-9 months after delivery with 10 women (67%) attending outpatients and four (27%) requiring emergency admission to hospital. This population survey found a low rate of obstetric hysterectomy but severe morbidity. Obstetric hysterectomy is a good candidate for a national morbidity audit. PMID:16483963
Eniola, O A; Bewley, S; Waterstone, M; Hooper, R; Wolfe, C D A
Our aim was to evaluate urinary urge incontinence following intrafascial and extrafascial abdominal hysterectomies in a prospective randomized study. Women scheduled for total abdominal hysterectomy were randomized to the extrafascial (n=38) and the intrafascial techniques (n=42). The groups were controlled for demographic variables, obstetric and gynecologic history, uterine size, indications for hysterectomy, and preoperative hemoglobin values. Short-term surgical morbidity and presence of urge incontinence defined as urodynamically established detrusor overactivity at the end of 12 months were the main outcome measures. Major surgical morbidity did not differ between the two groups. Percentages of women with urge incontinence at the end of the follow-up period were also similar. However, when women with pre-existing urge incontinence were evaluated separately, there was a trend towards the intrafascial operation to be associated with more urge-incontinence-free patients at the end of the follow-up period ( p=0.06, borderline significant). As a result, short-term surgical morbidity seems to be similar across the intrafascial and extrafascial techniques of abdominal hysterectomy. The effects of intrafascial abdominal hysterectomy on women presenting with urge incontinence in the preoperative period merit further investigation. PMID:15167995
Kaya, Hakan; Sezik, Mekin; Ozbasar, Demir; Ozkaya, Okan; Sahiner, Hasan
Over the last decade, the laparoscopic approach to antireflux surgery has been widely applied, resulting in improved early\\u000a outcomes and greater patient acceptance of surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease. However, although short-term outcomes\\u000a are probably better overall than those following open surgery, it has become apparent that the laparoscopic approach is associated\\u000a with an increased risk of some complications, and
D. I. Watson; A. C. de Beaux
. Laparoscopic repair of abdominal wall hernias has been introduced recently to treat both spontaneous and incisional hernias\\u000a with reported good results. In the Mafraq and Al Jaziera Hospitals in the United Arab Emirates, 18 patients have been treated\\u000a using the laparoscopic technique. These cases included 11 incisional hernias, 5 spontaneous paraumbilical hernias, and 2 combined\\u000a incisional and paraumbilical hernias.
This study evaluated outcome in patients undergoing laparoscopically assisted sigmoid resection for diverticular disease.\\u000a A total of 29 consecutive patients were treated surgically for colonic diverticulitis; in 27 of these laparoscopy was performed.\\u000a The review of medical records from a control group of 34 patients undergoing open resection were used for comparison. The\\u000a conversion rate was 7.5%. Using the laparoscopic
L. Köhler; D. Rixen; H. Troidl
This simulation of laparoscopic surgery enables learners to practice and to learn this modern surgical technique. Learners discover how to manipulate a variety of instruments while watching a TV monitor, thereby learning to compensate while going from a 3-D situation to a 2-D situation. Learners also analyze the pros and cons of the procedure. Note: Laparoscopic instruments are needed for this activity; adult supervision and safety demonstration recommended. A/V equipment is also required.
Laparoscopic techniques have become increasingly used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis: in experienced hands, they are safe and feasible. Recovery advantages have not been consistently demonstrated and functional results have been comparable to open surgery. Other possible benefits and costs issues have also been inconsistent. Further investigation on the role of laparoscopic surgery for ulcerative colitis with larger populations and longer follow-up with a focus on recovery parameters, quality of life, and costs are needed.
Laparoscopic techniques performed in the urologic setting have received great attention in the past decade. With the development of improved laparoscopic instrumentation, approaches to gonadal, renal, prostate, and bladder diseases have been successfully performed. A discussion of urologic laparoscopy (UL) with particular attention to potential complications and limitations is presented. Awareness of these evolving technologies remains critical to all surgeons with an interest in laparoscopy. PMID:15630945
Madeb, Ralph; Koniaris, Leonidas G; Patel, Hitendra R H; Dana, James F; Nativ, Ofer; Moskovitz, Boaz; Erturk, Erdal; Joseph, Jean V
Following vertical gastroplasty, laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been performed in 27 consecutive patients who developed symptomatic gallstones. Dissection identified structures without difficulty in these patients, and problems were not encountered in these procedures with the laparoscopic technique PMID:10742757
Deitel; Smith; Harmantas
The author reviews 27 laparoscopic gastric banding operations, of which 19 cases were completed. Of the 27 operations, eight were revisions of earlier laparoscopic banding. The lessons learned from these cases are highlighted. PMID:10757955
Laparoscopic Ultrasound probe (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA) was integrated with the daVinci surgical system for use in Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy (RALP). Automatic robotic-assisted palpation (initially planned for months 18-24) was co...
Abstract Background: For better cosmetic appearance, attempts to reduce the number of laparoscopic wounds have been sought. Investigators have thus begun to carry out procedures through a single incision or natural orifice endoscopic surgery instead of using conventional laparoscopic surgery. The authors here describe transumbilical single-incision hybrid transperineal laparoscopic surgery as a novel approach for vaginoplasty using a sigmoid graft. Patients and Methods: From August 2010 to October 2012, 15 young females with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome underwent laparoscopic sigmoid vaginosplasty using a combined transumbilical single-incision and transperineal approach. A multichannel single port was placed through the umbilical incision for the main laparoscopic procedures. A 12-mm trocar as an assisting working port was inserted into the pelvic cavity through the transvaginal dimple between the rectum and urethra. Results: A functioning vagina 12-15?cm in length and approximately 4?cm in width was created in all the patients. The average operative time and hospital stay were 151.5±34.2 minutes and 7.4±3.2 days, respectively. The only perioperative complications were 1 case of stress ulcer and 1 case with umbilical infection. All patients were satisfied with the surgery, and 12 of them had subsequent sexual activity. Conclusions: Transumbilical single-incision hybrid transperineal laparoscopic sigmoid vaginoplasty offers a feasible scarless approach for females with MRKH syndrome. The favorable cosmetic results would favor use of this type of vaginoplasty as an alternative to the conventional laparoscopic approach. PMID:24438220
Li, Suolin; Sun, Chi; Shi, Bin; Li, Meng; Liu, Lin
A series of 23 patients who had undergone an attempted laparoscopic Whipple (n = 10) or laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy\\u000a (n = 9) or laparoscopic enucleation (n = 4) since January 1992 were retrospectively reviewed. In the laparoscopic Whipple\\u000a group (6 women and 4 men; mean age 71 [range 33 to 82] years), eight had malignant periampullary tumors and two had
Michel Gagner; Alfons Pomp
Trichobezoars are seen usually in adolescent girls and laparotomy is required to remove them, though recently laparoscopic assisted and laparoscopic removal have been reported in adults and older children. We report this 4-year-old boy who underwent complete laparoscopic removal of a gastric trichobezoar, both for its rarity in such young boys and also because he is the youngest reported patient to undergo complete laparoscopic removal of a gastric trichobezoar. PMID:25013333
Vepakomma, Deepti; Alladi, Anand
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of women who have had a hysterectomy and to assess the association of a past hysterectomy on current urologic symptoms. METHODS: The Boston Area Community Health (BACH) survey is a random sample of Boston, Massachusetts residents aged 30-79 years using a stratified two-stage cluster design (3202 women; 1067 Black, 1111 Hispanic, 1024 White). Urologic symptoms, hysterectomy, co-morbidities, lifestyle factors, and medical indications for a hysterectomy were by self-report. Socioeconomic status was measured as a combination of education and income. RESULTS: Hysterectomies were reported by 587 women and 1782 women reported one or more urologic symptoms. Minorities and those of lower socioeconomic status are more likely to have had a hysterectomy, even after adjusting for age and potential medical indications for a hysterectomy. Hispanic women were least likely to report fibroids, polycystic ovarian syndrome, or genitourinary cancers, but they were more likely to have had a hysterectomy if they reported these conditions than Black or White women. Women with a hysterectomy were more likely to report lower urinary tract symptoms, painful bladder syndrome, urinary frequency, urgency, and overactive bladder after adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, body mass index, depression, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, smoking history, alcohol use, and physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: Minorities and those of lower socioeconomic status are more likely to report having a hysterectomy and urologic symptoms (including painful bladder syndrome) may be an unintended consequence of a hysterectomy. PMID:21423814
Link, Carol L; Pulliam, Samantha J; McKinlay, John B
Objectives To describe the characteristics of women who have had a hysterectomy and to assess the association of a past hysterectomy on current urologic symptoms. Methods The Boston Area Community Health (BACH) survey is a random sample of Boston, Massachusetts residents aged 30–79 years using a stratified two-stage cluster design (3202 women; 1067 Black, 1111 Hispanic, 1024 White). Urologic symptoms, hysterectomy, co-morbidities, lifestyle factors, and medical indications for a hysterectomy were by self-report. Socioeconomic status was measured as a combination of education and income. Results Hysterectomies were reported by 587 women and 1782 women reported one or more urologic symptoms. Minorities and those of lower socioeconomic status are more likely to have had a hysterectomy, even after adjusting for age and potential medical indications for a hysterectomy. Hispanic women were least likely to report fibroids, polycystic ovarian syndrome, or genitourinary cancers, but they were more likely to have had a hysterectomy if they reported these conditions than Black or White women. Women with a hysterectomy were more likely to report lower urinary tract symptoms, painful bladder syndrome, urinary frequency, urgency, and overactive bladder after adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, body mass index, depression, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, smoking history, alcohol use, and physical activity. Conclusions Minorities and those of lower socioeconomic status are more likely to report having a hysterectomy and urologic symptoms (including painful bladder syndrome) may be an unintended consequence of a hysterectomy.
Link, Carol L.; Pulliam, Samantha J.; McKinlay, John B.
A case of laparoscopic reversal of tubal sterilization is reported. The patient was a 38 year old woman sterilized by bipolar diathermia two years earlier. Refertilization was performed by laparoscopic end to end anastomosis of one tube. Postoperatively, the patient had one menstruation and then achieved an intrauterine pregnancy. The laparoscopic method of refertilization saves expensive hospitalization costs. PMID:8259759
Istre, O; Olsboe, F; Trolle, B
Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy is the standard of care for the management of most renal cancers. The hand-assisted approach has bridged the gap between open nephrectomy and a pure laparoscopic approach. Hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy allows tactile feedback, thus shortening the learning curve for some surgeons and allowing more experienced laparoscopists to perform more complex and challenging procedures. PMID:21254933
Patel, Sutchin R; Nakada, Stephen Y
Aim To investigate prognostic factors and complications after radical hysterectomy followed by postoperative radiotherapy for\\u000a carcinoma of the uterine cervix.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Patients and Methods One hundred twenty-eight patients with Tlb-2b carcinoma of the uterine cervix following radical hysterectomy with bilateral\\u000a pelvic lymphadenectomy and postoperative radiation therapy were reviewed. Pathologic and treatment variables were assessed\\u000a by multivariate analysis for local recurrence, distant metastases and
Masashi Chatani; Takayuki Nose; Norie Masaki; Toshihiko Inoue
\\u000a Zusammenfassung GRUNDLAGEN: Das Kolonkarzinom ist eine der häufigsten Todesursachen in der westlichen Hemisphäre mit ca. 639.000 krebsbezogenen\\u000a Todesfällen pro Jahr weltweit. Die radikale chirurgische Tumorentfernung ist die entscheidende Behandlungsoption und stellt\\u000a ein klassisches Betätigungsfeld des Allgemein- und Viszeralchirurgen dar. METHODIK: Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit war mit Hilfe\\u000a einer Literatursuche in PubMed, DIMDI und EMBASE ergänzt durch eigene klinische Erfahrungen wichtige Arbeiten
H. Spatz; M. Anthuber
OBJECTIVE To describe the technique of laparoscopic complete urinary tract exenteration (LaCUTE), where specimens are withdrawn en bloc through the vagina, and to compare our results for patients had this procedure with those who had surgery by traditional open methods PATIENTS AND METHODS From February 2006 to June 2008, five patients had LaCUTE and three CUTE at our institute. The surgical procedure included bilateral nephroureterectomy, bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy, radical cystourethrectomy, radical hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. RESULTS In the LaCUTE group the mean (range) patient age was 58 (46-73) years, the blood loss was 378 (290-490) mL, the operative duration was 492 (405-560) min and the hospital stay was 12.2 (9-17) days. All patients had negative surgical margins on pathological examination. The LaCUTE group had significantly less blood loss but longer surgery than the open group. At a mean follow-up of 14.5 and 16.0 months, respectively, there was no evidence of recurrent cancer in both groups. CONCLUSIONS With further experience and improvement in surgical techniques, LaCUTE with vaginal specimen en bloc withdrawal will become feasible for uraemic female patients with urothelial cancer. PMID:19154504
Li, Ching-Chia; Wang, Hsun-Shuan; Wu, Wen-Jeng; Chou, Yii-Her; Liu, Chia-Chu; Long, Cheng-Yu; Hus, Shih-Cheng; Chuang, Chieh-Han; Jang, Mei-Yu; Huang, Shu-Pin; Juan, Yung-Shun; Huang, Chun-Hsiung
Purpose Single port laparoscopic surgery is a rapidly evolving laparoscopic surgical approach. We report a comparison of transumbilical single port laparoscopic appendectomy (TUSPLA) and conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA) in a Korean military hospital. Methods This single-center retrospective study of 63 patients who received laparoscopic appendectomy was conducted between May 2011 and October 2011. Nineteen patients received TUSPLA and 44 patients received CLA. Clinical outcomes such as operation time, hospital stay, postoperative pain, diet, and postoperative complication were reviewed. Results There were no statistically significant differences between TUSPLA and CLA patients, respectively, in operation time (58.9 minutes vs. 52.3 minutes, P = 0.262), duration of hospitalization (10.2 days vs. 10.6 days, P = 0.782), mean visual analogue scale score (2.6 vs. 2.5, P = 0.894), and return to diet (1.6 days vs. 1.7 days, P = 0.776). There were two cases (10.5%) of short-term complications in the TUSPLA group and four cases (9.1%) of short-term complications in the CLA group. All patients were fully recovered at discharge. Conclusion TUSPLA is a feasible alternative for CLA. When a glove port is used, no special instruments are needed. Thus, it can be performed in a hospital equipped with basic laparoscopic surgical instruments.
Lee, Jun Suh; Choi, Young Il; Lim, Sung Ho
\\u000a Introduction Laparoscopic procedures converted to open approaches have been associated with higher complication rates than laparoscopic\\u000a and open cholecystectomy and appendectomy. Laparoscopic colorectal resections have relatively high conversion rates compared\\u000a with other laparoscopic procedures. This study was designed to evaluate outcomes of conversions compared with laparoscopic\\u000a and open colorectal resections.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods We reviewed 498 consecutive colorectal resections performed between 1995 and 2002.
Rodrigo Gonzalez; C. Daniel Smith; Edward Mason; Titus Duncan; Russell Wilson; Jacqueline Miller; Bruce J. Ramshaw
Laparoscopic gastrectomy has become widely used as a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of gastric cancer. When it was first introduced, most surgeons preferred a laparoscopic-assisted approach with a minilaparotomy rather than a totally laparoscopic procedure because of the technical challenges of achieving an intracorporeal anastomosis. Recently, with improved skills and instruments, several surgeons have reported the safety and feasibility of a totally laparoscopic gastrectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis. This review describes the recent technical advances in intracorporeal anastomoses using circular and linear staplers that allow for totally laparoscopic distal, total, and proximal gastrectomies. Data that demonstrate advantages in early surgical outcomes of a total laparoscopic method compared to laparoscopic-assisted operations are also discussed.
To elucidate the impact of radical hysterectomy upon the urodynamic findings of patients with cervical cancer, 20 patients with cervical cancer at stage IB to IIA who underwent radical hysterectomy were recruited. Each patient underwent a 20-min pad test and urodynamic study prior to and 3 months after radical hysterectomy. ANOVA, Bonferroni test and paired t -test were utilized for analysis. The mean age of the 20 patients was 50.2+/-8.7 years with a mean parity of 3.5+/-1.5. Four (20%) of the 20 cases revealed normal urodynamic findings preoperatively, and the urodynamic findings became abnormal after surgery. Comparing the urodynamic parameters of both bladder voiding and storage functions pre- and post-surgery, we found significant impairments postoperatively in all 20 cases. Our data demonstrate that abnormal urodynamic findings may pre-exist for some patients with cervical cancer prior to surgical treatment. These findings may worsen, and/or additional abnormal states may arise subsequent to radical hysterectomy. PMID:15549261
Lin, Long-Yau; Wu, Jian-Hong; Yang, Chiong-Wu; Sheu, Bor-Ching; Lin, Ho-Hsiung
Objective and methods: We have devised an easy to use, valid, comprehensive database for hysterectomy to measure patient care; to allow physician benchmarking, interaction, and collaboration; and to allow research investigations. It includes demographic stratification and medical, financial, and satisfaction factors. It can be used as a standalone or as an Internet system. A query is in place that allows
Victor P. Trinkus; H. K. Jacobs; Y. Castellanos; R. A. Jorgensen; T. E. Grande; K. A. Hallman; E. A. Jacobson
Laparoscopic liver surgery was slower to develop than other fields of laparoscopic surgery because of a steep learning curve, and fear of uncontrolled bleeding or gas embolism. However, laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) is associated with significant advantages: faster recovery, less post-operative pain, less morbidity, easier subsequent surgery and better cosmetic results. Since the inception of this technique, more than 3000 procedures have been reported. The aim of this update was to review the literature in order to define the indications (malignant tumors, benign tumors, major resections), the advantages and limits of this approach as well as the expected value of new technology, such as intra-operative guidance or robotics, in the development of this branch of surgery. PMID:24365035
Tranchart, H; Dagher, I
Background: Granulomatous peritonitis may indicate a number of infectious, malignant, and idiopathic inflammatory conditions. It is a very rare postoperative complication, which is thought to reflect a delayed cell-mediated response to cornstarch from surgical glove powder in susceptible individuals. This mechanism, however, is much more likely to occur with open abdominal surgery when compared with the laparoscopic technique. Methods: We report a case of sterile granulomatous peritonitis in an 80-y-old female after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Management was conservative, and no relapse was observed after over 1-y of follow-up. Discussion: We propose that peritoneal exposure to bile acids during the laparoscopic removal of the gallbladder was the trigger of granulomatous peritonitis in this patient. Severe complications, such as peritoneal adhesions, intestinal obstruction, and fistula formation, were observed, but no fatalities were reported. Conclusion: We should be aware of this rare cause of peritonitis in the surgical setting.
Remotti, Daniele; Galluzzo, Michele; Gasbarrone, Laura
BACKGROUND: According to the precepts of reduced surgical trauma and better cosmesis, an intermediate laparoscopic appendectomy technique between the conventional three-trocar procedure and Laparoendoscopic Single Site Surgery (LESS) was performed, based on literature review and experience of the surgical team. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with early stage acute appendicitis and a favourable anatomical presentation were selected. The procedure was performed with two ports: A 10 mm trocar at the umbilicus site for laparoscope and a 5 mm one just above the pubic bone for grasper. The appendix was secured by external wire traction through a right iliac fossa puncture with 14-gauge intravenous catheter. RESULTS: From August 2009 to December 2012, we performed 42 cases; two required conversion to a conventional laparoscopic technique. There were no complications in the remaining, no wound infections and a mean operation time of 64.5 minutes. CONCLUSION: The use of two-port laparoscopic appendectomy can act as a LESS intermediate step procedure, without loss of instrumental triangulation and maintenance of appropriate counter-traction. This technique can be used as an alternative to the three-port laparoscopic procedure in patients with initial presentation of appendicitis and a favourable anatomical position.
Olijnyk, Jose Gustavo; Pretto, Guilherme Goncalves; da Costa Filho, Omero Pereira; Machado, Fernando Koboldt; Silva Chalub, Sidney Raimundo; Cavazzola, Leandro Totti
A reliable and simple method of allograft fixation in laparoscopic posterior-loop rectopexy (LPR) was developed. The study was carried out on 40 cadavers, peak effort of separation of the net fixed to the sacrum by various methods was evaluated. Effort of separation in fixation of the net by sutures was 10.1 +/- 2.12 kg, in fixation by hernial stapler--1.13 +/- 0.36 kg, stapler "Pro-Tack"--6.38 +/- 1.85 kg, in fixation of the net by the new device--8.9 +/- 0.75 kg. From 1995 till 1999 LPR was performed with the new device in 15 patients, the open posterior-loop rectopexy (OPR) with fixation of the net by non-absorbable sutures--in 16 patients. In LPR intraoperative blood flow was twice as small (146.0 +/- 79.2 ml) as in OPR (275.6 +/- 76.9 ml). Mean time of LPR was 183.1 +/- 69.8 min, OPR--211.3 +/- 57.9 min. Relief of pain after LPR enabled with reduction of narcotic analgetics requirement (58.3 +/- 1.5 mg). Mean dose of narcotic analgetics after OPR was 93.2 +/- 1.4 mg. The proposed method of allograft fixation and device for it realization are effective and meet all requirements. PMID:11400450
Vorob'ev, G I; Shelygin, Iu A; Frolov, S A; Sushkov, O I
Introduction Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of the Turkish Republic, had guarded many German scientists of a Jewish descent before the Second World War. Dr. Rudolf Nissen was one of the outstanding surgeons who had served in the Turkish university hospitals. He had created an antireflux procedure which is named after his own name while he was working in our clinic, the Cerrahpa?a Hospital. From a laparoscopic approach, the Nissen fundoplication was the gold standard intervention for the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Currently, video laparoscopic surgery is evolving quickly with the guidance of new technology. Single-port (SP) laparoscopic transumbilical surgery is one of the newest branches of advanced laparoscopy. Discussion Simple or complex manipulations may be performed with SP laparoscopic transumbilical surgery. The advantages, which are gained from conventional laparoscopy, can be invigorated by an SP laparoscopic approach. The retraction technique of the liver and the optical system were the most important factors, which made the Nissen fundoplication possible via single port. Here, we report that totally laparoscopic transumbilical SP Nissen fundoplication procedure was performed in three patients for sliding hiatal hernia with GERD. Conclusion Totally laparoscopic transumbilical SP Nissen fundoplication is a safe and feasible technique for the surgical treatment of GERD. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11605-010-1183-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Karahasanoglu, Tayfun; Aytac, Erman; Karatas, Adem; Baca, Bilgi
Background: Gallstone spillage during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a common intraoperative event. Although gallstones left in the peritoneal cavity were initially considered harmless, a significant number of complications have been reported. Our aim was to quantify the likelihood, and to document the range, of subsequent complications. Methods: A Medline search from 1987 to January 2003 was performed. Articles with more
J. C. Woodfield; M. Rodgers; J. A. Windsor
Laparoscopic extravesical ureteral reimplantation in children is currently a technically demanding procedure with sparse literature to aid in mastering the learning curve. We present our most recent technique and lessons learned after 20 cases in children 4–15 years of age. The literature is also reviewed to encapsulate the current state-of-the-art.
Postoperative adhesions after abdominopelvic surgery can be prevented with the use of mechanical barriers such as Seprafilm membranes. However, this procedure is not without complications. Herein are reported 2 cases of Seprafilm-associated sterile peritonitis after gynecologic surgical procedures. Both patients had symptoms that mimicked intraabdominal abscess formation soon after the initial surgery (1 patient had delivered via cesarean section, and the other had undergone total hysterectomy because of adenomyosis). However, laparoscopic examinations in these 2 patients revealed only gel-like hydrated Seprafilm without evidence of infection. Symptoms resolved after the abdominal cavity was thoroughly irrigated and the Seprafilm residue was completely removed. Both patients had an uneventful recovery. Previous reports suggested that Seprafilm-related complications were most commonly observed in patients who underwent gynecologic debulking surgery because Seprafilm might react with the large area of the injured peritoneum and induce a strong inflammatory response. However, our experience showed that such complications could also be observed in patients who underwent nondebulking surgery. A laparoscopic approach should be considered the treatment of choice under these conditions to avoid unnecessary laparotomy. PMID:22935311
Huang, Jui-Chien; Yeh, Chun-Chieh; Hsieh, Chi-Hsun
Experience with laparoscopic liver resections is limited. Laparoscopic resection of a variety of liver lesions has been reported and is considered appropriate for lesions in the left lateral segment and inferior segments of the right lobe. Herein, we report a 52-year-old male patient who underwent a laparoscopic resection of giant liver hemangioma with the use of a laparoscopic 4× Habib probe. PMID:22623829
Gadiyaram, Srikanth; Shetty, Neel
AbstractObjective: To compare in psychiatric and psychosocial terms the outcome of hysterectomy and endometrial ablation for the treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding.Design: Prospective randomised controlled trial.Setting: Obstetrics and gynaecology department of a large teaching hospital.Subjects: 204 women with dysfunctional bleeding for whom hysterectomy would have been the preferred treatment were recruited over 24 months and randomly allocated to hysterectomy (99
David A Alexander; Audrey Atherton Naji; Sheena B Pinion; Jill Mollison; Henry C Kitchener; David E Parkin; David R Abramovich; Ian T Russell
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the usefulness and cost-effectiveness of routine preoperative type-and-screen testing before vaginal hysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of all vaginal hysterectomies performed at Hutzel Hospital between 1988 and 1994 with an emphasis on those that required blood transfusion was done. All vaginal hysterectomies completed at Hutzel Hospital were included in this 6-year time period
Scott B. Ransom; S. Gene McNeeley; John M. Malone
Background The laparoscopic approach has emerged in the search for a surgical technique to decrease the morbidity associated with conventional\\u000a repair of ventral hernias. In this study we aimed to compare the results of our open and laparoscopic ventral hernia repairs\\u000a prospectively.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Between January 2001 and October 2005, a total of 46 patients diagnosed with ventral hernias (primary and incisional) who
U. Barbaros; O. Asoglu; R. Seven; Y. Erbil; A. Dinccag; U. Deveci; S. Ozarmagan; S. Mercan
Intraoperative cholangiography in the course of laparoscopic cholecystectomy is not only valuable to detect common bile duct stones, but also to delineate the anatomy of the biliary ducts, facilitate the dissection, avoid injuries to the biliary tract and identify other abnormalities, such as fistulas, cysts and tumors of the biliary system. Most surgeons use a variation of the transcystic injection of contrast. We describe herein a technique of cholangiography through the gallbladder, performed before starting any dissection in the cystic duct area, which has resulted in a rate of 92 percent of adequate cholangiograms and has proved to be easier, by far, and safer than the transcystic technique. A comparison was made between 405 instances of open cholecystectomies and 200 laparoscopic cholecystectomies with transcystic cholangiograms and 105 laparoscopic cholecystectomies with cholangiograms done through the gallbladder. All instances were done for symptomatic chronic or acute calculous cholecystitis. Satisfactory cholangiograms were obtained in 95 percent of open cholecystectomies and in only 68 percent of transcystic laparoscopic attempts. Complications and false-positive findings were seen in transcystic laparoscopic procedures in five and six instances, respectively. Cholangiography performed through the gallbladder was 100 percent successful among 73 patients with chronic cholecystitis and in 66 percent of 32 patients with acute calculous cholecystitis. For optimal visualization of the bile ducts, it is essential to exert pressure on the gallbladder after the injection of contrast to advance the contrast through the cystic duct. This is greatly facilitated by the use of a double-balloon catheter to avoid leak at the site of the gallbladder puncture. PMID:8480262
Kuster, G G; Gilroy, S; Graefen, M
OBJECTIVE To examine the use of inpatient hysterectomy and explore changes in the use of various routes of hysterectomy and patterns of referral. METHODS The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify all women aged 18 years or older who underwent inpatient hysterectomy between 1998 and 2010. Weighted estimates of national trends were calculated and the number of procedures performed estimated. Trends in hospital volume and across hospital characteristics were examined. RESULTS After weighting, we identified a total 7,438,452 women who underwent inpatient hysterectomy between 1998 and 2010. The number of hysterectomies performed annually rose from 543,812 in 1998 to a peak of 681,234 in 2002; it then declined consistently annually and reached 433,621 cases in 2010. Overall, 247,973 (36.4%) fewer hysterectomies were performed in 2010 compared with 2002. From 2002 to 2010 the number of hysterectomies performed for each of the following indications declined: leiomyoma (?47.6%), abnormal bleeding (?28.9%), benign ovarian mass (?63.1%), endometriosis (?65.3%), and pelvic organ prolapse (?39.4%). The median hospital case volume decreased from 83 procedures per year in 2002 to 50 cases per year in 2010 (P<.001). CONCLUSION The number of inpatient hysterectomies performed in the United States has declined substantially over the past decade. The median number of hysterectomies per hospital has declined likewise by more than 40%. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III
Wright, Jason D.; Herzog, Thomas J.; Tsui, Jennifer; Ananth, Cande V.; Lewin, Sharyn N.; Lu, Yu-Shiang; Neugut, Alfred I.; Hershman, Dawn L.
The authors report their experience with the laparoscopic treatment of recurrent inguinal hernia in children. Between April 1993 and January 1998, 225 boys aged 8 months to 14 years (mean 4.4 years) were treated laparoscopically for a hydrocele, spermatic-cord cyst, or hernia. Ten boys had recurrent inguinal hernias after conventional surgery, in one case bilateral. The technique requires 3 trocars: a 0 degrees, 5-mm telescope inserted through the umbilicus and two 3-mm trocars placed 3-4 cm below the umbilicus on either side. Simple patency of the peritoneal vaginal duct (dpv) was found in eight cases and a direct inguinal hernia in three. In cases with an open dpv, we opened the external hemicircumference of the neck in order to bring the conjoined tendon closer to the crural arch with a non-resorbable 4/0 suture, and then placed a 3/0 resorbable pursestring suture around the peritoneum of the internal orifice of the inguinal canal. In direct inguinal hernias the orifice was closed by placing 2-3 nonabsorbable 3/0 sutures between the two muscular sides of the hernial defect. There were no intra- or postsurgical complications. All patients, at a maximum follow-up of 3 years showed total recovery from the hernia. Our early results suggest that laparoscopic surgery is a feasible and safe technique for the treatment of recurrent inguinal hernia in children. Key words Recurrent inguinal hernia. Laparoscopy. Children PMID:9880743
Esposito, C; Montupet, P
The objectives of the study were to present a new approach for nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (NSRH) with the assistance of magnifying lenses and to describe the differences in autonomic nerve plexus trauma between NSRH type III and conventional radical hysterectomy (RH) types II and III with the aid of immunohistochemistry. Eighteen women with FIGO stage IB(1)-IB(2) cervical cancer underwent loupes-assisted NSRH (n = 8), RH type II (n = 6), and RH type III (n = 4). Biopsies were taken intraoperatively from uterosacral ligament (USL) and cardinal ligament (CL), as well as from anterior vaginal wall (AVW) and posterior vaginal wall (PVW). Immunohistochemistry was approached with the use of S-100 protein, a general nerve marker. The percentage area of immunoreactivity (PAI) was used as an objective quantitative measure of nerve fibers within the ligaments. The PAI was greater in RH-III biopsies from both USL and CL (P < 0.001) when compared with RH-II and NSRH biopsies. For AVW and PVW, PAI differences were not statistically significant (AVW, P = 0.119; PVW, P = 0.067). Uterine-supporting ligaments represent a major pathway for autonomic nerves to the pelvic organs. As significantly more autonomic nerves are transected during the division of the uterine-supporting ligaments in RH type III, a more careful approach in the dissection of the ligaments through nerve-preserving techniques seems to be necessary in order to prevent iatrogenic intraoperative injury of the pelvic plexus and reduce or prevent postoperative complications. PMID:17892457
Mantzaris, G; Rodolakis, A; Vlachos, G; Athanasiou, S; Theocharis, S; Sotiripoulou, Ch M; Antsaklis, A
Laparoscopic instead of open surgical repair of inguinal hernias is becoming more frequent. Radiologists may expect different\\u000a postoperative findings depending on the technique used. We studied how radiology had been used postoperatively and what findings\\u000a were encountered after laparoscopic herniorraphy. Postoperative radiologic examinations related to hernia repair of all consecutive\\u000a patients that had had laparoscopic herniorraphy in Malmö University hospital
Martin Larmark; Olle Ekberg; Agneta Montgomery
PURPOSE: There is significant concern in the current literature over the safety of laparoscopic techniques in removal of the entire colon and rectum. The purpose of this study was to examine the results of a one-stage laparoscopic-assisted restorative proctocolectomy in patients with mucosal ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis in a single institution experience. METHODS: All patients who underwent laparoscopic-assisted
Alex J. Ky; Toyooki Sonoda; Jeffrey W. Milsom
AIM: To access the short-term outcomes of simultaneous laparoscopic surgery combined with resection for synchronous lesions in patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: Between March 1996 and April 2010 prospectively collected data were reviewed from 93 consecutive patients who had colorectal cancer and underwent simultaneous multiple organ resection (combined group) and 1090 patients who underwent conventional laparoscopic right hemicolectomy or laparoscopic low/anterior resection for colorectal cancer (non-combined group). In the combined group, there were nine gastric resections, three nephrectomies, nine adrenalectomies, 56 cholecystectomies, and 21 gynecologic resections. In addition, five patients underwent simultaneous laparoscopic resection for three organs. The patient demographics, intra-operative outcomes, surgical morbidity, and short-term outcomes were compared between the two groups (the combined and non-combined groups). RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the clinicopathological variables between the two groups. The operating time was significantly longer in the combined group than in the non-combined group, regardless of tumor location (laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and laparoscopic low/anterior resection groups; P = 0.048 and P < 0.001, respectively). The other intra-operative outcomes, such as the complications and open conversion rate, were similar in both groups. The rate of post-operative morbidity in the combined group was similar to the non-combined group (combined vs non-combined, 15.1% vs 13.5%, P = 0.667). Oncological safety for the colon and synchronous lesions were obtained in the combined group. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous laparoscopic multiple organ resection combined with colorectal cancer is a safe and feasible option in selected patients.
Kim, Hye Jin; Choi, Gyu-Seog; Park, Jun Seok; Park, Soo Yeun; Jun, Soo Han
Introduction Most bladder stones develop in patients with bladder outlet obstruction. Intravesical stone formation after surgery outside the urinary bladder is rare. Case presentation A 54-year-old Taiwanese woman with lower urinary tract symptoms following a hysterectomy 14 years ago presented to our hospital. The intravesical calculus had developed from non-absorbable sutures and hung on the dome of the urinary bladder. The stone and residuum of the suture were retrieved by performing an endoscopic procedure. Conclusions The presence of an intravesical stone should be suspected in patients with a history of hysterectomy who have symptoms in the lower urinary tract. A hanging stone on the dome of the urinary bladder implies that suture materials migrate into the urinary bladder. The complication can be prevented by the routine use of absorbable material and double-checking with cystoscopy.
Ovarian blood supply and function were assessed before and after hysterectomy in 43 patients and 30 healthy subjects (control group). Before the hysterectomy, transvaginal colour Doppler resistance index values of ovarian artery and hormonal levels were measured. Five days and 6 months after operation, all these measurements were repeated and compared with those of a control group. The sole hormone whose serum level decreased on the 5th postoperative day was oestradiol. Serum levels of all the other hormones remained unchanged 5 days and 6 months after the surgical operations. We also did not find any statistically significant difference between the preoperative, the postoperative and the control group resistance index of the ovarian arteries. We propose that the decision whether to preserve or remove the ovaries must be based on assessment of their functional status. Advantages and disadvantages of leaving ovaries intact should be carefully evaluated and the most useful approach applied to each patient on an individual basis. PMID:15512074
Do?an, M M; Ba?aran, Z; Ekici, E; Ba?aran, O; Ozcan, T; Gökay, Z; Gökmen, O
INTRODUCTION Gallstones are a common condition in bariatric patients after a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). The management of ductal stones is challenging due to the altered gastrointestinal anatomy. Various techniques have been reported to manage bile duct stones. PRESENTATION OF CASE We present the successful percutaneous trans hepatic management of common bile duct stones after LRYGB. One year after a LRYGB for morbid obesity, a 59-year-old female presented with acute cholecystitis. One month after laparoscopic cholecystectomy a 1 cm calculus was found within the distal CBD and patient underwent a percutaneous trans hepatic cholangiography under local anesthetic. This involved a right sided anterior segmental duct puncture. With the sphincter dilated to 10 mm, a balloon catheter was used to push the stone into the duodenum leaving an internal- external drain. Patient recovered completely at follow up. DISCUSSION Patients with morbid obesity have a higher incidence of gallstones. After LRYGB, the altered anatomy does not allow the conventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for choledocholithiasis. Various techniques have been reported as means of managing bile duct stones in LRYGB patients. These include a double balloon enteroscope-assisted ERCP, laparoscopic transgastric ERCP, laparoscopic or open biliary surgery and interventional radiology. We report a non-surgical approach using percutaneous transhepatic technique under local anesthetic that resulted effective and could be applied more extensively. CONCLUSION Due to the increase of global obesity, bariatric centers need to strategically plan resources such as interventional radiology in order to manage post LRYGB choledocholithiasis safely, efficiently and in a cost effective manner.
Milella, Marialessia; Alfa-Wali, Maryam; Leuratti, Luca; McCall, James; Bonanomi, Gianluca
Objectives: A considerable percentage of morbidity and mortality after esophagectomy and gastric pull-up is due to leakage of the esophagogastrostomy, which is mainly caused by ischemia of the gastric fundus. Previous clinical studies demonstrated that impaired microcirculation of the gastric conduit almost recovers within the first 5 postoperative days. Therefore, this study was designed to improve gastric perfusion by laparoscopic ischemic conditioning of the stomach. Methods: The study group consisted of 83 patients with 44 esophageal adenocarcinomas and 39 squamous cell carcinomas. A total of 51% received neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy. First, all patients underwent laparoscopic mobilization of the stomach including the cardia and preparation of the gastric conduit. After a mean delay of 4.3 days (range, 3–7 days), a conventional right-sided transthoracic en bloc esophagectomy was performed. Reconstruction was done by gastric pull-up and high intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy. Results: Three conversions (3.6%) to open surgery were necessary during laparoscopic mobilization of the stomach. The reoperation rate was 2.4% (one relaparoscopy for control of a bleeding of the stapler line, one rethoracotomy for chylothorax). Two patients showed circumscribed necroses of the upper part of the fundus after gastric pull-up into the chest. These necroses were resected for reconstruction by esophagogastrostomy. Five patients (6.0%) developed small anastomotic leakages with minor clinical symptoms; however, the gastric conduits were well vascularized. All leakages healed after endoscopic stenting. Major postoperative complications were observed in 13.3% of the patients and the 90-day mortality was 0%. Conclusion: Laparoscopic ischemic conditioning of the gastric conduit is feasible and safe and may contribute to the reduction of postoperative morbidity and mortality after esophagectomy and gastric pull-up.
Holscher, Arnulf H.; Schneider, Paul M.; Gutschow, Christian; Schroder, Wolfgang
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most frequent gastrointestinal tumors of mesodermal origin. Gastric GISTs represent approximately 70% of all gastrointestinal GISTs. The only curative option is surgical resection. Many surgical groups have shown good results with the laparoscopic approach. There have not been any randomized controlled trials comparing the open vs laparoscopic approach, and all recommendations have been based on observational studies. The experience obtained from gastric laparoscopic surgery during recent decades and the development of specific devices have allowed the treatment of most gastric GISTs through the laparoscopic approach.
Correa-Cote, Juan; Morales-Uribe, Carlos; Sanabria, Alvaro
Background: This study aimed to document the authors' experience with laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in children. Methods: Ninety-three hernia repairs were performed in 64 children. The neck was closed with a purse string suture by using 4-0 absorbable suture. Results: Ninety-three indirect inguinal hernial sacs were closed in 64 children. Nine percent of children had an ectopic testis. The mean operating time for laparoscopic ring closure was 25 minutes (range, unilateral 21 to 35; bilateral, 28 to 50). The contralateral processus vaginalis was patent in 20% of children. In 24% of children, the final procedure was modified based on the findings of a dilated internal ring. A laparoscopic ilio-pubic tract repair was done in these cases. Laparoscopic mobilization, orchiopexy followed by ilio-pubic tract repair was done in 9% of children. Scrotal swelling occurred in one child. Hydrocoele occurred in one patient. Recurrence rate was 3.1%. Conclusion: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in children can be offered, as it is safe, reproducible, and technically easy for experienced laparoscopic surgeons. Iliopubic tract repair may be added in cases with dilated internal ring. Recurrence following laparoscopic ring closure can be managed with laparoscopic ilio-pubic tract repair. The long-term follow-up of laparoscopic ilio-pubic tract repair is awaited.
Chinnaswamy, Palanivelu; Jani, Kalpesh V.; Parthasarthi, R.; Shetty, Roshan A.; Kavalakat, Alfie Jose; Prakash, Anand
BACKGROUND: The present study was performed to evaluate the prevalence and possible associated risk factors for adenomyosis. METHODS: Medical records were retrieved and histo-pathological material re-examined for 549 consecutive women undergoing hysterectomy in a two-year period from 1990-1991. RESULTS: The prevalence of adenomyosis in the study varied from 10.0-18.2%, depending on different diagnostic criteria. The presence of endometrial hyperplasia at
T. Bergholt; L. Eriksen; N. Berendt; M. Jacobsen; J. B. Hertz
Despite best efforts, bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a major potential complication. Precise detection method of extrahepatic bile duct during laparoscopic procedures would minimize the risk of injury. Towards this goal, we have developed a compact imaging instrumentation designed to enable simultaneous acquisition of conventional white color and NIR fluorescence endoscopic/laparoscopic imaging using ICG as contrast agent. The capabilities of this system, which offers optimized sensitivity and functionality, are demonstrated for the detection of the bile duct in an animal model. This design could also provide a low-cost real-time surgical navigation capability to enhance the efficacy of a variety of other image-guided minimally invasive procedures.
Demos, Stavros G.; Urayama, Shiro
Laparoscopic techniques have been employed in a group of medically compromised patients requiring right hemicolectomy, permitting a shorter and lower placed abdominal incision than may have been expected with a conventional surgical approach. In eight patients requiring right hemicolectomy, full mobilization of the right colon from the caecum to the proximal transverse colon was performed laparoscopically. Resection and anastomosis then proceeded through a small right-sided transverse abdominal incision. End to end ileotransverse anastomosis was performed in each instance employing the Valtrac BAR (Biofragmentable Anastomotic Ring) compressive anastomotic technique. The average operating time was 133 min. There was no mortality, but one patient developed pulmonary complications and three developed minor wound infections. An additional three patients developed urinary tract infections. There were no anastomotic complications. The average postoperative stay was 10 days. This study has indicated that laparoscopic techniques can be successfully applied to large bowel surgery, and may be of benefit to high risk patients. PMID:8498919
Polglase, A L; Skinner, S A; Johnson, W R
This report describes an unusual case of uterine cervical Wilms tumor treated successfully without hysterectomy or radiation therapy. The 12-year-old white girl developed a persistent vaginal discharge. Her pelvic examination revealed a large mass involving the entire upper vagina, obscuring the cervix. Biopsy of the mass was consistent with Wilms tumor with favorable histology. The tumor was not initially resected because the resection would involve hysterectomy and partial resection of the bladder wall. The patient was treated with preexcisional chemotherapy consisted of alternating vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and carboplatin/etoposide. Repeat magnetic resonance imaging after 5 weeks of chemotherapy demonstrated marked reduction of the tumor size. The tumor was easily removed by transsection of the stalk followed by cold-knife conization of the cervix. The patient received four more cycles of chemotherapy and remained in complete remission 12 months after completion of chemotherapy. This report suggests that in selected cases, chemotherapy can reduce tumor size sufficiently in patients with bulky cervical Wilms tumor to allow local resection and avoid hysterectomy. PMID:10598671
Iraniha, S; Shen, V; Kruppe, C N; Downey, E C
Background and Objective: Although laparoscopic surgery for removal of adnexal masses is common, controversy exists about the safety and efficacy of this procedure for patients with malignancies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic surgical treatment for patients with adnexal masses. Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of one surgeon's experience in managing patients diagnosed with adnexal masses at 2 urban referral teaching hospitals in New York City. We reviewed the charts for 100 consecutive patients who underwent operative laparoscopy for management of adnexal masses between March 4, 1996 and November 9, 1998. Conversion to laparotomy, malignancy rate, complications, length of stay, and blood loss were recorded for each patient. Results: Laparoscopic management was successfully completed for 81 of the 100 patients in this study; however, 19 required conversion to laparotomy. All 81 patients managed laparoscopically had a benign diagnosis, whereas 7 of the 19 patients who underwent laparotomy were diagnosed with malignancy. The median length of stay, estimated blood loss, and operating room time were significantly lower for those treated by laparoscopy alone compared with those converted to laparotomy (2 vs. 7 days; 100 vs. 500 ccs; 130 vs. 235 minutes, respectively; P < 0.05). Though few patients were in the laparotomy group, that data are presented for completeness. A total of 10 complications occurred, 4 in the group of patients managed laparoscopically (2 enterotomies, 1 pneumothorax, and 1 vaginal cuff cellulitis). Six complications occurred in those managed with laparotomy (2 enterotomies, 2 wound infections, 1 pneumonia, and 1 postoperative fever). The indications for conversion to laparotomy were: 7 malignancies (5 ovarian cancers and 2 uterine cancers), 7 dense adhesions, 2 small bowel enterotomies, 1 intraoperative bleeding, 1 secondary to a large uterus (880 grams), and 1 secondary to a large myoma (13 cm x 14.5 cm x 6 cm). Conclusions: The laparoscopic approach is effective and safe for managing patients with adnexal masses of unknown pathology. Malignancies can be diagnosed accurately, converted to laparotomy, and staged appropriately. Adequate surgical skills along with timely use of frozen sections are required for successful operative management.
Emeney, Pamela L.; Byrne, Daniel W.
This study aims firstly to assess the most adequate surgical approach for the creation of an ureteropelvic juntion obstruction (UPJO) animal model, and secondly to validate this model for laparoscopic pyeloplasty training among urologists. Thirty six Large White pigs (28.29±5.48 Kg) were used. The left ureteropelvic junction was occluded by means of an endoclip. According to the surgical approach for model creation, pigs were randomized into: laparoscopic conventional surgery (LAP) or single port surgery (LSP). Each group was further divided into transperitoneal (+T) or retroperitoneal (+R) approach. Time needed for access, surgical field preparation, wound closure, and total surgical times were registered. Social behavior, tenderness to the touch and wound inflammation were evaluated in the early postoperative period. After ten days, all animals underwent an Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty carried out by 9 urologists, who subsequently assessed the model by means of a subjective validation questionnaire. Total operative time was significantly greater in LSP+R (p=0.001). Tenderness to the touch was significantly increased in both retroperitoneal approaches, (p=0.0001). Surgeons rated the UPJO porcine model for training on laparoscopic pyeloplasty with high or very high scores, all above 4 on a 1-5 point Likert scale. Our UPJO animal model is useful for laparoscopic pyeloplasty training. The model created by retroperitoneal single port approach presented the best score in the subjective evaluation, whereas, as a whole, transabdominal laparoscopic approach was preferred.
Diaz-Guemes Martin-Portugues, Idoia; Hernandez-Hurtado, Laura; Uson-Casaus, Jesus; Sanchez-Hurtado, Miguel Angel; Sanchez-Margallo, Francisco Miguel
INTRODUCTION Many surgical options exist to treat rectal prolapse with different indications, feasibility and results in urgent and complicated cases. These include perineal or abdominal approaches including rectopexy with or without resection. Perineal approaches have reduced surgical invasivity and hospital stay if compared to transabdominal approaches by open surgery or laparoscopy. Up to now there was still a clear dividing line for surgical treatment between the perineal approach, used more for complicated emergency case while the transabdominal open, or laparoscopic approach more common in elective surgery, but more complex to perform. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 37 year old female patient affected by psychiatric disease presented with an unreducible second recurrence of a complicated rectal prolapse. The patient was treated with a third Altemeier procedure but now performed under laparoscopic control. The patient recovered promptly without any complication or recurrence up to the 24 months follow-up. DISCUSSION To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report describing the combined laparoscopic-perineal approach for the treatment of a complicated recurrence of rectal prolapse. The technical feasibility, the rapidity, the optimal outcome and the rationale behind this option all suggest that this laparoscopic assistance certainly allows an implementation of the effectiveness, safety and results of an established effective perineal approach. CONCLUSION This combined approach has the advantage of maintaining the simplicity and rapidity of conventional perineal surgery, adding the advantages of abdominal control and avoiding the risks, the invasivity, and the longer duration of more complex laparoscopic procedures.
La Greca, Gaetano; Sofia, Maria; Primo, Stefano; Randazzo, Valentina; Lombardo, Rosario; Russello, Domenico
The aim of the study was to describe simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery, to discuss the details of a convenient laparoscopic approach and the way of port placement, as well as to present a review of the literature concerning combined laparoscopic procedures. A 72-year-old woman was admitted to our department because of a tumor of the right adrenal gland and a small tumor of the right kidney. The patient underwent simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery. The postoperative period was uncomplicated. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the 4(th) postoperative day. We believe that the proposed way of trocar placement would help to avoid a 'rollover' problem between the laparoscope and a Satinsky clamp or a 'crossing swords' problem between a Satinsky clamp and manipulators. PMID:24501608
Panek, Wojciech; Szydelko, Tomasz; Lewandowski, Jaroslaw; Tuchendler, Tomasz; Urba?czyk, Grzegorz; Litarski, Adam; Apozna?ski, Wojciech
The aim of the study was to describe simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery, to discuss the details of a convenient laparoscopic approach and the way of port placement, as well as to present a review of the literature concerning combined laparoscopic procedures. A 72-year-old woman was admitted to our department because of a tumor of the right adrenal gland and a small tumor of the right kidney. The patient underwent simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery. The postoperative period was uncomplicated. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the 4th postoperative day. We believe that the proposed way of trocar placement would help to avoid a ‘rollover’ problem between the laparoscope and a Satinsky clamp or a ‘crossing swords’ problem between a Satinsky clamp and manipulators.
Panek, Wojciech; Lewandowski, Jaroslaw; Tuchendler, Tomasz; Urbanczyk, Grzegorz; Litarski, Adam; Apoznanski, Wojciech
Laparoscopic cystectomy has become a common procedure for choledochal cysts. The cyst should be removed completely just above the confluence of the common biliopancreatic channel at the distal end and approximately 5 mm from the confluence of the right and left hepatic ducts at the proximal end to avoid complications of the cystic remnant. The operation is feasible and safe. The rate of conversion to open surgery is low. The rate of complication under skill laparoscopic surgeons is also low, even lower than in open surgery. There was no difference between hepaticoduodenostomy and hepaticojejunostomy concerning the rate of cholangitis. Gastritis due to bilious reflux occurred with a low rate in hepaticoduodenostomy. Both techniques could be used for choledochal cysts; however, hepaticoduodenostomy should be applied for choledochal cysts without intrahepatic dilatation of biliary tract. PMID:23572286
Liem, Nguyen Thanh
Female sterilisation is an extensively used method of contraception all over the world but there appears to be a decline in the performance of this procedure in Ireland. There also appears to be an increased uptake of safe, long-acting contraceptive alternatives. We set out to establish the extent of the decline of laparoscopic sterilisation and to explore possible explanations. Data for female sterilisation from Ireland was obtained from the Hospital In-Patient Enquiry Scheme (HIPE) section of the Economic and Social Research Institute for the years 1999 to 2004. Recent sales figures for long acting reversible contraceptives, specifically the levo-norgestrel-loaded intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) (Mirena) and the etonogestrel implant (Implanon) were also obtained. Laparoscopic tubal ligations reduced from 2,566(1999) to 910 (2004). In the corresponding period the use of Mirena coils increased from 4,840 (1999) to 17,077 (2004). PMID:18450251
Horgan, R; Higgins, J R; Burke, G
Laparoscopic treatment of varicocele is described for 37 patients. The operation was performed under endotracheal, epidural and intravenous anesthesia with ligation of the testicular vein in 18 patients. Ligation with the dissection was conducted in 19 patients. On the first postoperative day 2 patients were given promedol (2%, 1.0 ml), the rest were injected baralgin (2-3 injections). The patients were discharged after 1-2 days of hospital stay and resumed their usual way of life 2-7 days after the discharge. One month later varicocele disappeared in 29 patients, diminished in size in 7 patients, pain relief occurred in 15 patients. Due to its advantages (simple performance, good visualization of the testicular vein, minimal use of narcotic drugs, short hospital stay, absence of serious complications) laparoscopic treatment may be considered as a method of choice. PMID:9123663
Stepanov, V N; Mumladze, R B; Kadyrov, Z A; Perel'man, V M; Rozikov, Iu Sh; Tomkevich, B A; Puzhik, A M; Kosachenko, V M
\\u000a Radical nephrectomy, as described by Robson et al. in 1963, is the traditional gold standard approach to the management of\\u000a renal tumors (1). This procedure has an established success rate but is associated with significant postoperative pain and\\u000a prolonged convalescence, stemming from the flank, subcostal, Chevron or thoraco-abdominal incisions typically used. Laparoscopic\\u000a radical nephrectomy, as introduced by Clayman and associates
Leslie A. Deane; David I. Lee; Jaime Landman; Chandru P. Sundaram; Ralph V. Clayman
Background: In the large bowel, resection of the sigmoid colon is the most commonly performed laparoscopic intervention because large\\u000a bowel lesions often are located in this part of the bowel and the procedure technically is the most favorable one. A number\\u000a of publications involving case series or the results of highly experienced individual surgeons already have confirmed the\\u000a feasibility of
F. Köckerling; C. Schneider; M. A. Reymond; H. Scheuerlein; J. Konradt; H. P. Bruch; C. Zornig; L. Köhler; E. Bärlehner; A. Kuthe; G. Szinicz; H. A. Richter; W. Hohenberger
\\u000a The application of standard laparoscopy to pediatric urologic surgery has clearly evolved over the past decade. One reason\\u000a for the slower pace as compared to adult urology is that most cases in pediatric urology are reconstructive and require advanced\\u000a laparoscopic skills. Despite these obstacles, advances in technology and increased reporting of patient series in the literature\\u000a show that laparoscopy clearly
John C. Thomas
Objectives: To determine the indications for inevitable peripartum hysterectomy (IPH), associated demographic variables and the materno fetal outcome. Methodology: A retrospective analysis of twenty two patients that had inevitable peripartum hysterectomy (IPH) during the study period of 4 years, July 2001 to June 2005. Results: The mean age of the patients was 32.4 years with a range of 18 to
Adesiyun Adebiyi Gbadebo; Eseiegbe Edwin; Ameh Charles Anawo
This paper presents findings on hysterectomy prevalence from a 2010 cross-sectional household survey of 2,214 rural and 1,641 urban, insured and uninsured women in low-income households in Ahmedabad city and district in Gujarat, India. The study investigated why hysterectomy was a leading reason for use of health insurance by women insured by SEWA, a women's organisation that operates a community-based health insurance scheme. Of insured women, 9.8% of rural women and 5.3% of urban women had had a hysterectomy, compared to 7.2% and 4.0%, respectively, of uninsured women. Approximately one-third of all hysterectomies were in women younger than 35 years of age. Rural women used the private sector more often for hysterectomy, while urban use was almost evenly split between the public and private sectors. SEWA's community health workers suggested that such young women underwent hysterectomies due to difficulties with menstruation and a range of gynaecological morbidities. The extent of these and of unnecessary hysterectomy, as well as providers' attitudes, require further investigation. We recommend the provision of information on hysterectomy as part of community health education for women, and better provision of basic gynaecological care as areas for advocacy and action by SEWA and the public health community in India. PMID:21555085
Desai, Sapna; Sinha, Tara; Mahal, Ajay
To assess the effectiveness of lateral ovarian transposition in preserving normal ovarian function, the medical records of 200 consecutive women with stage I-IIA cervical cancer treated primarily with radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy were reviewed. Lateral ovarian transposition was performed at the time of radical hysterectomy in 132 (66%) patients and 28 (21%) received postoperative pelvic radiation therapy. Menopausal symptoms
Daniel D. Feeney; David H. Moore; Katherine Y. Look; Frederick B. Stehman; Gregory P. Sutton
Objective: To study the survival, rates and patterns of recurrence, and perioperative morbidity in medically compromised women with endometrial cancer treated by primary vaginal hysterectomy.Methods: Fifty-one patients with endometrial cancer treated initially by vaginal hysterectomy between 1977 and 1999 were identified at the University of California, Irvine Medical Center and affiliated hospitals. Data were retrieved from hospital and office records.
John K Chan; Yvonne G Lin; Bradley J Monk; Krishnansu Tewari; Jeffrey D Bloss; Michael L Berman
We evaluated the feasibility, safety, and operative outcome of management of myomas and adenomyosis using single-port access subtotal hysterectomy with transcervical morcellation using a wound retractor and a surgical glove. We conclude the single-port access subtotal hysterectomy is safe and effective and results in almost no visible scar. With more experience and advanced instruments, this surgical procedure can offer a
Gun Yoon; Tae-Joong Kim; Yoo-Young Lee; Chul-Jung Kim; Chel Hun Choi; Jeong-Won Lee; Byoung-Gie Kim; Duk-Soo Bae
Background: The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence and clinical characteristics of symptomatic internal hernias (IH) after laparoscopic bariatric procedures. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of cases of IH after 1,064 laparoscopic gastric bypasses (LGB) and biliopancreatic diversions with duodenal switch (LBPD-DS) performed from September 1998 to August 2002. Results: We documented 35 cases of IH
E. Comeau; M. Gagner; W. B. Inabnet; D. M. Herron; T. M. Quinn; A. Pomp
Objective: To determine the incidence and predictors of risk for operative complications, conversions to laparotomy, and postoperative admissions following laparoscopic procedures.Methods: We obtained demographic information and medical history on all 843 women who underwent laparoscopic procedures at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital between January and December 1994. All major complications following surgery were recorded. Major operative complications were defined as
R. Mirhashemi; B. L. Harlow; E. Ginsberg; L. B. Signorello; R. Berkowitz; S. Feldman
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is an effective treatment for localized prostate cancer. This cost-intensive and technically demanding operation currently takes longer than the standard open procedures, but with increasing experience, it is eventually associated with lower costs and is nearly as fast. As more urologists gain such experience, the laparoscopic approach may challenge the standard approaches.
Remzi, Mesut; Djavan, Bob
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to establish the number of cases necessary to master laparoscopic removal of the left or right colon. METHODS: Data were obtained by chart review and by individually completed questionnaires. RESULTS: A total of 144 laparoscopic-assisted or intracorporeal right or left hemicolectomies were completed by four surgeons at separate institutions. Questionnaires were completed by
Anthony J. Simons; Gary J. Anthone; Adrian E. Ortega; Morris Franklin; James Fleshman; W. Peter Geis; Robert W. Beart
Double gallbladder is a rare congenital anomaly and an encounter with it while performing cholecystectomy laparoscopically is a challenge to the laparoscopic surgeon. A 28-year-old man complaining of epigastric pain was evaluated at Teikyo University Hospital, Mizonokuchi, Japan. There were no abnormal laboratory findings. Ultrasonography revealed an acoustic shadow in each compartment without any inflammatory changes in the gallbladder. No
N. Miyajima; T. Yamakawa; A. Varma; K. Uno; S. Ohtaki; N. Kano
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid colectomy for diverticular disease, a routine procedure when performed using standard open methods, can prove much more challenging using minimum access techniques. Hand-assisted laparoscopic colectomy is a new technique that reportedly has a minimum learning curve, yet retains the benefits of a laparoscopic procedure. The purpose of this study was to perform and then prospectively to evaluate the
Michael J. Mooney; Patrick L. Elliott; Derrick B. Galapon; Linda K. James; Laura J. Lilac; Michael J. O'Reilly
Background: There have been numerous retrospective and uncontrolled series of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA), as well as 16 prospective randomized studies published to date. Although most of these have concluded that the laparoscopic technique is as least as good as open appendectomy (OA), there has been considerable controversy as to whether LA is superior. To help clarify this issue, we performed
Robert Golub; Fazi Siddiqui; Dieter Pohl
Background: Because of limited experience worldwide, controversies about the laparoscopic treatment of liver hydatid cysts have not been resolved. The aim of this study was to describe the technical details of a laparoscopic method we developed in 1992 and report the initial results from an endemic area. Methods: Of the 30 consecutive patients with 33 liver hydatid cysts considered for
Ridvan Seven; Eren Berber; Selcuk Mercan; Levent Eminoglu; Demir Budak
Living donor hepatectomy is now a well-established surgical procedure. However, a large abdominal incision is still required, which results in a large permanent scar, especially for a right liver graft. This report reviews our techniques of minimally invasive or minimal incisional donor hepatectomy using a transverse incision.Twenty-five living donors underwent right hepatectomy with a transverse incision and 484 donors with a conventional incision between April 2007 and December 2012. Among the donors with a transverse incision, two cases were totally laparoscopic procedures using a hand-port device; 11 cases were laparoscopic-assisted hepatectomy (hybrid technique), and 14 cases were open procedures using a transverse incision without the aid of the laparoscopic technique. Currently, a hybrid method has been exclusively used because of the long operation time and surgical difficulty in totally laparoscopic hepatectomy and the exposure problems for the liver cephalic portion during the open technique using a transverse incision.All donors with a transverse incision were women except for one. Twenty-four of the grafts were right livers without middle hepatic vein (MHV) and one with MHV. The donors' mean BMI was 21.1 kg/m. The median operation time was 355 minutes, and the mean estimated blood loss was 346.1±247.3 mL (range, 70-1200). There was no intraoperative transfusion. These donors had 29 cases of grade I [14 pleural effusions (56%), 11 abdominal fluid collections (44%), 3 atelectasis (12%), 1bile leak (4%)], 1 case of grade II (1 pneumothorax) and two cases of grade III complications; two interventions were needed because of abdominal fluid collections by Clavien-Dindo classification. Meanwhile, donors with a conventional big incision, which included the Mercedes-Benz incision or an inverted L-shaped incision, had 433 cases of grade I, 19 cases of grade II and 18 cases of grade III complications. However, the liver enzymes and total bilirubin of all donors were normalized within 1 month, and they recovered fully. Additionally, in a survey inquiring about cosmetic outcomes with a numeric scale of 1 through 10 (1, Not confident; 10, Very confident), the transverse incision had more satisfactory scores compared to the conventional big incision (9.80 vs. 6.17, P=0.001). In conclusion, the hybrid technique can be safely performed in donor right hepatectomy, with a minimal transverse skin incision, resulting in a good cosmetic outcome. PMID:24849839
Choi, YoungRok; Yi, Nam-Joon; Lee, Kwang-Woong; Suh, Kyung-Suk
Fallopian tube interruption is a common form of contraception worldwide. For a variety of reasons (e.g. change in marital status, wish for additional children, psychological factors), many of these women seek restoration of fertility. Laparoscopic tubal anastomosis is one of the newest of these procedures by which this can be achieved. Sixteen women underwent laparoscopic microsurgical anastomosis. We used a three-stitches technique with tubal cannulation adapted from methods described in the literature. Five pregnancies occurred, giving an overall pregnancy rate of 31.2%. Surgical outcome depends on the patient's age, the method of tube interruption and the length of Fallopian tube segments being anastomosed. In this study, the feasibility of laparoscopic tubal sterilization reversal is confirmed, as well as the benefits offered by laparoscopic procedures in terms of quality of life. Further improvement of surgical outcome will be achieved not only through better laparoscopic techniques but also through careful screening for surgical indications. PMID:10325266
Barjot, P J; Marie, G; Von Theobald, P
Objective: To present an analysis of our experience with 22 consecutive cases of acute abdominal gynecologic emergencies managed with a laparoscopic approach. Methods: From March 1997 to October 1998, 22 patients with a diagnosis of acute abdominal gynecologic emergencies underwent laparoscopic intervention. A transvaginal ultrasound was performed on all patients preoperatively to supplement the diagnostic workup. Surgical time, complications, and length of hospital stay were evaluated, and the laparoscopic diagnosis was compared with the preoperative diagnosis. Results: The laparoscopic diagnosis was different from the preoperative diagnosis in 31.8% of patients. Of the 22 patients, laparoscopic therapeutic procedures were performed in 18 (81.8%), all satisfactorily, and with no need for conversion to open surgery. No morbidity or mortality occurred. Conclusion: Laparoscopy is a safe and effective method for diagnosing and treating gynecologic emergencies.
Cantele, Hector; Leyba, Jose Luis; Navarrete, Manuel; Llopla, Salvador Navarrete
The role of laparoscopic surgery in the management of polycystic liver disease (PCLD) is not well defined. The authors hypothesized that laparoscopic fenestration for PCLD relieves symptoms caused by polycystic liver disease. In this study, 11 patients underwent 20 laparoscopic cyst fenestration operations as treatment for symptoms of their PCLD. Symptoms leading to surgery were pain and pressure in 15 (75%) and early satiety in 12 (60%) patients. The median hospital stay was 1 day. The symptoms resolved postoperatively in all the patients. An additional laparoscopic fenestration was required in six (55%) patients for recurrent symptoms. The average time to reoperation was 22 +/- 16 months. Two patients required hepatic transplantation. Initial symptom resolution occurred in all the patients undergoing redo fenestration. The authors conclude that laparoscopic fenestration for PCLD is safe, results in minimal "down" time and relieves the symptoms caused by PCLD. Symptomatic relief usually is temporary, and repeat surgery is required for recurring symptoms in half of the patients. PMID:15531969
Robinson, T N; Stiegmann, G V; Everson, G T
The prevailing view in the literature is that hysterectomy improves the quality of life. This is based on claims that hysterectomy alleviates pain (dyspareunia and abnormal bleeding), and improves sexual response. Since hysterectomy requires cutting the sensory nerves that supply the cervix and/or uterus, it is surprising that the reports of deleterious effects on sexual response are so limited. However, we note that almost all the papers we found reported that some of the women in their studies claim that hysterectomy is detrimental to their sexual response. It is likely that the degree to which a woman’s sexual response and pleasure are affected by hysterectomy would depend not only upon which nerves were severed by the surgery, but also the genital regions whose stimulation the woman enjoys for eliciting sexual response. Since clitoral sensation (via pudendal and genitofemoral nerves) should not be affected by hysterectomy, this surgery would not diminish sexual response in women who prefer clitoral stimulation. However, women whose preferred source of stimulation is vaginal or cervical would be more likely to experience a decrement in sensation and consequently sexual response after hysterectomy, because the nerves innervating those organs -- pelvic, hypogastric and vagus -- are more likely to be damaged or severed in the course of hysterectomy. However, all the published reports of the effects of hysterectomy on sexual response fail to specify the women’s preferred sources of genital stimulation. As discussed in the present review, we believe that the critical lack of information as to the women’s preferred sources of genital stimulation is key to accounting for the discrepancies in the literature as to whether hysterectomy improves or attenuates sexual pleasure.
Komisaruk, Barry R.; Frangos, Eleni; Whipple, Beverly
The prevailing view in the literature is that hysterectomy improves the quality of life. This is based on claims that hysterectomy alleviates pain (dyspareunia and abnormal bleeding) and improves sexual response. Because hysterectomy requires cutting the sensory nerves that supply the cervix and uterus, it is surprising that the reports of deleterious effects on sexual response are so limited. However, almost all articles that we encountered report that some of the women in the studies claim that hysterectomy is detrimental to their sexual response. It is likely that the degree to which a woman's sexual response and pleasure are affected by hysterectomy depends not only on which nerves were severed by the surgery, but also the genital regions whose stimulation the woman enjoys for eliciting sexual response. Because clitoral sensation (via pudendal and genitofemoral nerves) should not be affected by hysterectomy, this surgery would not diminish sexual response in women who prefer clitoral stimulation. However, women whose preferred source of stimulation is vaginal or cervical would be more likely to experience a decrement in sensation and consequently sexual response after hysterectomy because the nerves that innervate those organs, that is, the pelvic, hypogastric, and vagus nerves, are more likely to be damaged or severed in the course of hysterectomy. However, all published reports of the effects of hysterectomy on sexual response that we encountered fail to specify the women's preferred sources of genital stimulation. As discussed in the present review, we believe that the critical lack of information as to women's preferred sources of genital stimulation is key to accounting for the discrepancies in the literature as to whether hysterectomy improves or attenuates sexual pleasure. PMID:21545957
Komisaruk, Barry R; Frangos, Eleni; Whipple, Beverly
Objective The directional and temporal nature of relationships between overweight and obesity and hysterectomy with or without oophorectomy is not well understood. Overweight and obesity may be both a risk factor for the indications for these surgeries and a possible consequence of the procedure. We used prospective data to examine whether body mass index (BMI) increased more following hysterectomy with and without bilateral oophorectomy compared to natural menopause among middle-aged women. Methods BMI was assessed annually for up to 10 years in the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN (n=1962). Piecewise linear mixed growth models were used to examine changes in BMI before and after natural menopause, hysterectomy with ovarian conservation, and hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy. Covariates included education, race/ethnicity, menopausal status, physical activity, self-rated health, hormone therapy use, antidepressant use, and age the visit prior to the final menstrual period (FMP; for natural menopause) or surgery (for hysterectomy/oophorectomy). Results By visit 10, 1780 (90.6%) women reached natural menopause, 106 (5.5%) reported hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy, and 76 (3.9%) reported hysterectomy with ovarian conservation. In fully adjusted models, BMI increased for all women from baseline to FMP or surgery (annual rate of change=.19 kg/m2 per year), with no significant differences in BMI change between groups. BMI also increased for all women following FMP, but increased more rapidly in women following hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy (annual rate of change=.21 kg/m2 per year) as compared to following natural menopause (annual rate of change=.08 kg/m2 per year, p=.03). Conclusion In this prospective examination, hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy was associated with greater increases in BMI in the years following surgery than following hysterectomy with ovarian conservation or natural menopause. This suggests that accelerated weight gain follows bilateral oophorectomy among women in midlife, which may increase risk for obesity-related chronic diseases.
Gibson, Carolyn J.; Thurston, Rebecca C.; El Khoudary, Samar R.; Sutton-Tyrrell, Kim; Matthews, Karen A.
Performing laparoscopic liver resection for lesions located in segment 7 and 8 is technically difficult, as the operative field is far from the conventional trocar site, and the liver impedes free motion of the laparoscopic instrument. Inserting the port through the intercostal space (ICS) may facilitate liver resection for these lesions. From January 2012 to July 2013, five patients (four men and one woman) underwent laparoscopic S7 or 8 segmentectomy for liver metastasis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Ports were inserted at the 7th and 9th ICS, respectively, in addition to conventional abdominal ports. The mean age was 58 ± 10 (45-74) years; operation time, 197 ± 68 (110-300) minutes; blood loss, 161 ± 138 (40-320) ml; and length of hospital stay, 7 ± 3 (4-12) days. Pathologic findings revealed three, one, and one case(s) of colon cancer metastasis, breast cancer metastasis, and HCC, respectively. The mean tumor size and tumor-free margin were 2.2 ± 1.1?cm and 5.8 ± 1.9?mm, respectively. There were no postoperative complications. Laparoscopic liver resection using intercostal trocars could be a useful method for tumors located in segments 7 and 8 of the liver in selected patients. PMID:24841194
Lee, Woohyung; Han, Ho-Seong; Yoon, Yoo-Seok; Cho, Jai Young; Choi, YoungRok; Shin, Hong Kyung
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a minimally invasive method of removing the diseased gallbladder. It was introduced into Lithuania in December 1992 and has gained wide acceptance. While LC offers many advantages over the conventional laparotomy procedure one of its drawbacks is delayed biliary complications. Those complications may be avoided with appropriate precautions. The aim of this research is to maximize the safety of LC. The potential way to solve this problem is to minimize the possible heat damage and electrical injury remote from the site of surgery during dissection of the cystic duct, cystic artery, and the gallbladder. Neodymium:YAG laser applications with endoscopic fiber have been investigated. The possibilities to use it as a scalpel and as coagulator to release the gallbladder from all its peritoneal attachments during LC have been investigated. The controversy over optimal sources for thermal dissection of the gallbladder has been performed. The potential benefits of Nd:YAG laser in surgery -- precise cutting, limited collateral tissue damage, and improved capillary and arteriole hemostasis -- have been found.
Simutis, Gintaras; Bubnys, A.; Vaitkuviene, Aurelija
This prospective study describes a simple method of combining laparoscopic ovariectomy and laparoscopic-assisted prophylactic gastropexy and determines the duration of surgery, complications, and long-term outcome including prevention of gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV). Laparoscopic ovariectomy and laparoscopic-assisted gastropexy were performed on 26 sexually intact female dogs susceptible to GDV. The mean surgery time was 60.8 ± 12.4 min. No GDV episode was seen during the study period (mean follow-up: 5.2 ± 1.4 y). All dogs had an intact gastropexy attachment assessed by ultrasonography at 1 y. Post-operative complications were minor and owners were satisfied with the procedure. Combined laparoscopic ovariectomy and laparoscopic- assisted gastropexy appears to be a successful and low morbidity alternative procedure to both ovariectomy/ovariohysterectomy and gastropexy via open ventral-midline laparotomy.
Rivier, Pablo; Furneaux, Rob; Viguier, Eric
This prospective study describes a simple method of combining laparoscopic ovariectomy and laparoscopic-assisted prophylactic gastropexy and determines the duration of surgery, complications, and long-term outcome including prevention of gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV). Laparoscopic ovariectomy and laparoscopic-assisted gastropexy were performed on 26 sexually intact female dogs susceptible to GDV. The mean surgery time was 60.8 ± 12.4 min. No GDV episode was seen during the study period (mean follow-up: 5.2 ± 1.4 y). All dogs had an intact gastropexy attachment assessed by ultrasonography at 1 y. Post-operative complications were minor and owners were satisfied with the procedure. Combined laparoscopic ovariectomy and laparoscopic- assisted gastropexy appears to be a successful and low morbidity alternative procedure to both ovariectomy/ovariohysterectomy and gastropexy via open ventral-midline laparotomy. PMID:21461209
Rivier, Pablo; Furneaux, Rob; Viguier, Eric
Purpose During laparoscopy, as in open surgery, exposure is critical. Here, we describe the use of a laparoscope holder to facilitate the liver lift during urological laparoscopic surgery. Materials and Methods Laparoscopic right radical nephrectomy (n = 3), partial nephrectomy (n = 1), and adrenalectomy (n = 2) were performed with 4 ports. At the beginning of the operation, the small snake retractor was placed through the 5-mm port under direct vision and the liver was lifted in the appropriate direction to optimize exposure. Results The laparoscope holder provided quick, reproducible retraction to facilitate exposure. No complications occurred with its use. The device reduced the need for a dedicated second assistant to stand bedside. Conclusions We achieved significant improvements in the safety and efficiency of liver retraction during urological laparoscopic surgery using the laparoscope holder.
Nozaki, Tetsuo; Iida, Hiroaki; Morii, Akihiro; Fujiuchi, Yasuyoshi; Komiya, Akira; Fuse, Hideki
Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), initially described by Gagner's group as the first stage of the laparoscopic\\u000a duodenal switch in super-obese patients, is now gaining wide diffusion among bariatric surgeons as a new restrictive operation.\\u000a Methods: From January 2005 to January 2006, 8 obese patients with BMI 37-74 kg\\/m2 underwent LSG for conversion from a prior complicated or failed laparoscopic
Paolo Bernante; Mirto Foletto; Luca Busetto; Fabio Pomerri; Francesco Francini Pesenti; Maria Rosa Pelizzo; Donato Nitti
Abstract Purpose: To describe a laparoscopic surgical technique for ureterocystoplasty in pediatric patients with the Mitrofanoff procedure. Patients and Methods: The procedure was performed in 4 patients (2 females and 2 males), 8-11 years old (average, 9.5 years), with a history of myelomeningocele and secondary neurogenic bladder. The patients were evaluated before the surgery with renal ultrasound, voiding cystourethrography, and renal scintigraphy. All subjects reported left hydronephrosis with severe dilatation of ureter and the collector system, left megaureter with grade V vesicoureteral reflux, and left functional exclusion, with right renal normal function. The urodynamic investigations revealed low bladder size and bladder leak point pressure (BLPP) above 40?cm H2O. The laparoscopic ureterocystoplasty augmentation procedure and the Mitrofanoff procedure with the proximal ureter were performed in these patients. Complications and outcomes were recorded and compared with those of the postoperative urodynamic test. Results: The 2-4 years of follow-up of the patients and its urodynamic postoperative evaluation reported at least 75% of the capacity according to their age, compliance that varied between 15 to 20?mL/cm H2O, and a BLPP of less than 40?cm H2O. This last parameter is considered of low risk to damage the upper urinary tract. There was no leaking of urine by the stoma over the 4 hours of catheterization. Conclusions: Even though enterocystoplasty is the gold standard to increase the capacity of the neurogenic bladder, it has an elevated morbidity. So the use of a dilative ureter to increase bladder size and create a Mitrofanoff stoma in patients with neurogenic bladder, pop-off phenomenon, and renal ipsilateral atrophy could be considered by the laparoscopic approach. PMID:24475883
Landa Juárez, Sergio; Fernández, Ana María Castillo; Castro, Niccolo Ruiz; De La Cruz Yañez, Hermilo; Hernández, Carlos García
BACKGROUND: Ovarian response during IVF cycles after laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometriotic cysts >3 cm is controversial. A retrospective study was designed to study this problem. METHODS: At laparoscopy, endometriomas >3 cm were treated by ovarian cystectomy, whilst adhesions and peritoneal endometriosis were treated using conventional techniques. Ovarian stimulation was achieved with clomiphene and gonadotrophins or with gonadotrophins after a
M. Canis; J. L. Pouly; S. Tamburro; G. Mage; A. Wattiez; M. A. Bruhat
AIM: To retrospective review the laparoscopic management of Meckel Diverticulum (MD) in two Italian Pediatric Surgery Centers. METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2012, 19 trans-umbilical laparoscopic-assisted (TULA) procedures were performed for suspected MD. The children were hospitalized for gastrointestinal bleeding and/or recurrent abdominal pain. Median age at diagnosis was 5.4 years (range 6 mo-15 years). The study included 15 boys and 4 girls. All patients underwent clinical examination, routine laboratory tests, abdominal ultrasound and technetium-99m pertechnetate scan, and patients with bleeding underwent gastrointestinal endoscopy. The abdominal exploration was performed with a 10 mm operative laparoscope. Pneumoperitoneum was established based on the body weight. Systematic overview of the peritoneal cavity allowed the ileum to be grasped with an atraumatic instrument. The complete exploration and surgical treatment of MD were performed extracorporeally, after intestinal exteriorization through the umbilicus. All patients’ demographics, main clinical features, diagnostic investigations, operative time, histopathology reports, conversion rate, hospital stay and complications were registered and analyzed. RESULTS: MD was identified in 17 patients, while 1 had an ileal duplication and 1 a jejunal hemangioma. Fifteen patients had painless intestinal bleeding, while 4 had recurrent abdominal pain and exhibited cyst like structures in an ultrasound study. Eleven patients had a positive technetium-99m pertechnetate scan. In the patients with bleeding, gastrointestinal endoscopy did not name the source of hemorrhage. All patients were subjected to a TULA surgical procedure. An intestinal resection/anastomosis was performed in 14 patients, while 4 had a wedge resection of the diverticulum and 1 underwent stapling diverticulectomy. All surgical procedures were performed without conversion to open laparotomy. Mean operative time was 75 min (range 40-115 min). No major surgical complications were recorded. The median hospital stay was 5-7 d (range 4-13 d). All patients are asymptomatic at a median follow up of 4, 5 years (range 10 mo-10 years). CONCLUSION: Trans-umbilical laparoscopic-assisted Meckel’s diverticulectomy is safe and effective in the treatment of MD, with excellent results.
Papparella, Alfonso; Nino, Fabiano; Noviello, Carmine; Marte, Antonio; Parmeggiani, Pio; Martino, Ascanio; Cobellis, Giovanni
Background: Gallbladder duplication is a rare congenital condition, which can now be detected preoperatively by imaging studies.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: We report a case of duplicated gallbladder with symptomatic unilobar gallstones. Appropriate biliary workup (ultrasound,\\u000a oral cholecystography, and intravenous cholangiography) allowed a correct preoperative diagnosis.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results: Laparoscopic treatment included selective removal of the diseased accessory gallbladder. However, postoperative acute cholecystitis\\u000a and symptomatic
J.-F. Gigot; B. Van Beers; L. Goncette; J. Etienne; A. Collard; P. Jadoul; A. Therasse; J. B. Otte; P.-J. Kestens
Background. Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for early lung cancer has been shown to be technically feasible. Comparative studies on laparoscopic versus open procedures indicate that laparoscopy may reduce inflammatory reactions as reflected by the lesser release of cytokines. We investigated the cytokine responses following VATS and conventional lobectomy for clinical stage I lung cancer.Methods. Thirty-six patients with clinical stage
Anthony P. C Yim; Song Wan; Tak Wai Lee; Ahmed A Arifi
Laparoscopic rescue after tubal anastomosis failure is reported for the first time. The patient was a 33 year old woman sterilized by Pomeroy's method. Reconstruction of fertility was achieved by mini-laparotomy with isthmo-isthmic end-to-end anastomosis of bilateral tubes. Unfortunately, the patient did not become pregnant and tubal occlusion was diagnosed 6 months later by hysterosalpingography. Laparoscopic rescue with repeat isthmic-ampullary anastomosis and adhesiolysis was performed. Post-operatively, the patient had one menstruation and then achieved an intrauterine pregnancy. Instead of in-vitro fertilization/embryo transfer, laparoscopic rescue may be an alternative option for the patient with failed anastomosis. PMID:8582986
Lee, C L; Lai, Y M; Huang, H Y; Soong, Y K
Colorectal surgery can be difficult at open and laparoscopic surgery. This is particularly the case for rectal surgery deep in the pelvis. In obese males distal rectal dissection can be challenging because of instrument and visual limitations. Robot-assisted laparoscopic colorectal operations do not differ significantly from the standard laparoscopic approach but it has certainly been shown that it is feasible to perform the same operation using robotic assistance for the dissection. This allows the surgeon to benefit from vastly enhanced vision and dexterity, which may ultimately translate into benefit for the patient in terms of reduced operating time, and better preservation of pelvic nerves and other structures. PMID:14712879
Rockall, Timothy A; Darzi, Ara
Minimally invasive surgery has revolutionized surgery for urologic disorders, and laparoscopic procedures have become widely available for several different ablative and reconstructive operations. Laparoscopic heminephrectomy in patients with horseshoe kidney can be a technically challenging procedure due to aberrant vessels, functional parenchyma in the isthmus, and abnormal location. We report the management of a case of symptomatic nonfunctioning left moiety of a horseshoe kidney with emphasis on its surgical technique combined with a review of the literature. Laparoscopic heminephrectomy is a feasible option in the surgical management of benign and malignant conditions of the horseshoe kidney and can be performed safely using a transperitoneal or a retroperitoneal approach.
Khan, Atif; Myatt, Andrew; Palit, Victor
We present what is to our knowledge, the first case of laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation reported in the renal transplant. The ureteral stenosis is one of the most difficult renal transplant complications to deal with. With the development of the endourological approach, this treatment has become the first treatment option for these patients. The patient is a 28-year-old female who received a renal allograft from a cadaver donor in 2008. Ureteral stenosis was diagnosed. The laparoscopic approach seems to be a good option over the open approach, with the benefits related with laparoscopic surgery.
Gregorio, Sergio Alonso y; Sanchez, Leslie Cuello; Gomez, Angel Tabernero; Ledo, Jesus Cisneros; Togores, Luis Hidalgo; Barthel, Jesus Javier de la Pena
Introduction Placenta percreta is an obstetric emergency often associated with massive hemorrhage and emergency hysterectomy. Case presentation We present the case of a 30-year-old African woman, gravida 7, para 5, with placenta percreta managed by an alternative approach: the placenta was left in situ, methotrexate was administered, and a delayed hysterectomy was successfully performed. Conclusions Further studies are needed to develop the most appropriate management option for the most severe cases of abnormal placentation. Delayed hysterectomy may be a reasonable strategy in the most severe cases.
Laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy (LDN) is becoming increasingly popular for its minimum donor morbidity and accelerated return to work. Hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN) may be more acceptable if the modified technique would offer easier performance. We compared our experience with HALDN and conventional LDN. From November 1998 to June 2004, two groups of patients underwent conventional LDN (n = 71) or HALDN (n = 12). Operative and extraction times, complications, and immediate graft function were compared. Mean operative and extraction times are significantly shorter in the HALDN group (206.7 versus 143.4 minutes and 225 versus 141 seconds). Two in the LDN group required open conversion (3%). Three in the LDN group showed delayed graft function (4%). Three in the LDN group developed graft renal artery thrombosis (4%). There was no ureteral complication in both groups. HALDN provides shorter operative and extraction times and better recipient surgeon satisfaction without increasing donor morbidity. PMID:17256431
Jeon, Hoonbae; Johnston, Thomas D; Strup, Stephen E; Ibrahim, Mohamed; Ranjan, Dinesh
Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is effective for treating gastroesophageal reflux and is usually well tolerated. Some patients, however, experience postoperative dysphagia refractory to conservative measures. We report our experience and operative technique for laparoscopic conversion of previous laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication to partial fundoplication to relieve dysphagia. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 6 patients with refractory dysphagia after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication who underwent laparoscopic conversion to partial fundoplication using a laparoscopic linear stapler. There were no perioperative deaths and no fundoplication-related complications. In short-term follow-up, all patients reported improvement of dysphagia symptoms. PMID:21353040
McKellar, Stephen H; Allen, Mark S; Cassivi, Stephen D; Nichols, Francis C; Shen, K Robert; Wigle, Dennis A; Deschamps, Claude
Background Colorectal cancer is one kind of frequent malignant tumors of the digestive tract which gets high morbidity and mortality allover the world. Despite the promising clinical results recently, less information is available regarding the perioperative immunological effects of laparoscopic surgery when compared with the open surgery. This study aimed to compare the cellular immune responses of patients who underwent laparoscopic(LCR) and open resections(OCR) for colorectal cancer. Methods Between Mar 2009 and Sep 2009, 35 patients with colorectal carcinoma underwent LCR by laparoscopic surgeon. These patients were compared with 33 cases underwent conventional OCR by colorectal surgeon. Clinical data about the patients were collected prospectively. Comparison of the operative details and postoperative outcomes between laparoscopic and open resection was performed. Peripheral venous blood samples from these 68 patients were taken prior to surgery as well as on postoperative days(POD) 1, 4 and 7. Cell counts of total white blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocyte subpopulations, natural killer(NK) cells as well as CRP were determined by blood counting instrument, flow cytometry and hematology analyzer. Results There was no difference in the age, gender and tumor status between the two groups. The operating time was a little longer in the laparoscopic group (P > 0.05), but the blood loss was less (P = 0.039). Patients with laparoscopic resection had earlier return of bowel function and earlier resumption of diet as well as shorter median hospital stay (P < 0.001). Compared with OCR group, cell numbers of total lymphocytes, CD4+T cells and CD8+T cells were significant more in LCR group (P < 0.05) on POD 4, while there was no difference in the CD45RO+T or NK cell numbers between the two groups. Cellular immune responds were similar between the two groups on POD1 and POD7. Conclusions Laparoscopic colorectal resection gets less surgery stress and short-term advantages compared with open resection. Cellular immune respond appears to be less affected by laparoscopic colorectal resection when compared with open resection.
This study aimed to systematically evaluate the evidence-based literature on fast-track laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) to determine the feasibility and safety of fast-track laparoscopic bariatric surgery. A literature search of PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library using the MeSH terms "bariatric surgery", "ambulatory surgical procedures" and related terms as keywords was performed. The study included articles that reported on intended next-day discharge for LRYGB and same-day discharge for LAGB. Data were extracted on study design and size, patient demographics, patient-selection criteria, patient preparation, perioperative management, operative details, clinical outcomes, and follow-up. The review included 13 studies classified as level 3b or 4 evidence. There were seven studies that investigated LAGB, five studies investigated LRYGB and one study detailed outcomes from both LRYGB and LAGB. Next-day discharge rate ranged from 81 to 100 % for LRYGB. Same-day discharge rate ranged from 76 to 98 % for LAGB. In LRYGB and LAGB complication, re-admission and mortality rates (?10.5, ?7.5, ?0.1 %, respectively) were comparable with the conventional perioperative care. From our results, the fast-track management of patients undergoing LRYGB and LAGB is feasible. With careful patient selection and preparation within high-volume centres, and application of care pathways including close outpatient follow-up, outcomes for fast-track bariatric procedures can compare favourably with those reported in the literature for standard management, but with decreased cost. However, further studies from independent researchers are required to determine the safety of a generalised adoption of this approach outside of dedicated bariatric units, and to formally demonstrate the cost-benefit of fast-track bariatric surgery. PMID:23371325
Elliott, Jessie A; Patel, Vanash M; Kirresh, Ali; Ashrafian, Hutan; Le Roux, Carel W; Olbers, Torsten; Athanasiou, Thanos; Zacharakis, Emmanouil
Scarless surgery is the Holy Grail of surgery and the very raison d’etre of Minimal Access Surgery was the reduction of scars and thereby pain and suffering of the patients. The work of Muhe and Mouret in the late 80s, paved the way for mainstream laparoscopic procedures and it rapidly became the method of choice for many intra-abdominal procedures. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is a very exciting new modality in the field of minimal access surgery which works for further reducing the scars of standard laparoscopy and towards scarless surgery. Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) was developed for scarless surgery, but did not gain popularity due to a variety of reasons. NOTES stands for natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery, a term coined by a consortium in 2005. NOTES remains a research technique with only a few clinical cases having been reported. The lack of success of NOTES seems to have spurred on the interest in single-incision laparoscopy as an eminently doable technique in the present with minimum visible scarring, rendering a ‘scarless’ effect. Laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) is, a term coined by a multidisciplinary consortium in 2008 for single-incision laparoscopic surgery. These are complementary technologies with similar difficulties of access, lack of triangulation and inadequate instrumentation as of date. LESS seems to offer an advantage to surgeons with its familiar field of view and instruments similar to those used in conventional laparoscopy. LESS remains a evolving special technique used successfully in many a centre, but with a significant way to go before it becomes mainstream. It currently stands between standard laparoscopy and NOTES in the armamentarium of minimal access surgery. This article outlines the development of LESS giving an overview of all the techniques and devices available and likely to be available in the future.
Rao, Prashanth P; Rao, Pradeep P; Bhagwat, Sonali
Gallstone ileus is an uncommon entity that was first described by Bartholin in 1654. Despite advances in peri-operative care, morbidity and mortality remain high in patients with gallstone ileus because: 1) they are geriatric patients; 2) they often have multiple comorbidities; 3) presentation to the hospital is delayed; 4) many are volume depleted with electrolyte abnormalities; and 5) the diagnosis of gallstone ileus is difficult to make. Traditional management has entailed open laparotomy with relief of intestinal obstruction by enterotomy and stone extraction. Cholecystectomy and takedown of the cholecystoenteric fistula can be performed. We propose an alternative method of management in an attempt to limit operative trauma and improve morbidity and mortality. We review the literature and describe two patients with gallstone ileus who were managed laparoscopically. One patient underwent laparoscopic assisted enterolithotomy, and the other patient underwent diagnostic laparoscopy with disimpaction of the gallstone into the large bowel. They were discharged after their ileus had resolved on the fourth and sixth postoperative day, respectively. Laparoscopy is a powerful diagnostic and therapeutic tool that can be effectively used to treat gallstone ileus.
Evan, Stephen J.; Kavic, Michael S.
Atypical localization of the gallbladder associated with right-sided ligamentum teres is a rare anomaly of the biliary system. Although the conventional nomenclature as being a left-sided gallbladder is usually used, this definition may be incomprehensive because of lacking the anatomical detail. This report describes atypical localization of the gallbladder associated with right-sided ligamentum teres and abnormal intrahepatic portal venous branching, surgically removed laparoscopically. PMID:24250065
Hasbahceci, Mustafa; Erol, Cengiz; Seker, Mehmet; Basak, Fatih; Alimoglu, Orhan
Background. Few controlled studies have compared laparoscopic transabdominal adrenalectomy (LA) to conventional open posterior adrenalectomy (PA).Methods. Fifty patients have undergone successful LA at our institution between 1992 and 1996. A matched case-control study of 50 PA patients was performed during a similar time period.Results. Follow-up was complete in 82% of patients with a mean follow-up time of 25 months. There
Geoffrey B Thompson; Clive S Grant; Jon A van Heerden; Richard T Schlinkert; William F Young; David R Farley; Duane M Ilstrup
Adrenal-sparing surgery has recently been reported in the literature on minimally-invasive surgery. Originally described as\\u000a a conventional laparoscopic procedure, encouraging outcomes in terms of preservation of adrenal function have been reported.\\u000a Since the introduction of robotic surgery, surgeons have utilized robotic assistance for adrenal surgery and have recently\\u000a described adrenal-sparing surgery using this platform. Certain patients that present with adrenal
Jennifer Yates; Jayant Uberoi; Ravi Munver
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is the standard of care for management of adrenal neoplasms. However, large sized adrenal lesions are considered as relative contraindication for laparoscopic extirpation. We report laparoscopic excision of giant ganglioneuroma of adrenal gland in a 33-year-old female patient. Patient was presented with left loin pain of 2 months duration. Computed tomography (CT) scan was suggestive of non-enhancing left suprarenal mass measuring 17 × 10 cm. Preoperative endocrine evaluation ruled out functional adrenal tumor. Patient underwent transperitoneal excision of suprarenal mass. The lesion could be completely extirpated laparoscopically. Duration of surgery was 250 minutes. Estimated blood loss was 230 milliliters. Specimen was extracted through pfannenstiel incision. No significant intraoperative or postoperative happenings were recorded. Microscopic features were suggestive of ganglioneuroma of adrenal gland.
Abraham, George P; Siddaiah, Avinash T; Das, Krishanu; Krishnamohan, Ramaswami; George, Datson P; Abraham, Jisha J; Chandramathy, Sreerenjini K
To reduce the learning curves in humans, several training models have been developed for teaching laparoscopic surgery. The aim of various in vitro or in vivo training models is to help surgeons acquire basic laparoscopic skills such as hand-eye coordination, depth perception, and knot-tying, which should always be acquired prior to organ- or procedure-specific skills. Inexpensive video box trainers are best suited for this purpose. However, advanced laparoscopic skills, such as dissection, cutting, coagulation, and stitching, require more sophisticated animal or human cadaver models. The perfect training model should teach the skills required and should be inexpensive, universally available, and anatomically and physiologically identical to an anesthetized patient. In this paper, we review the different animal models for acquiring advanced laparoscopic skills and try to define their advantages and disadvantages. PMID:16526995
van Velthoven, Roland F; Hoffmann, Paul
A best evidence topic in surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether playing video games improves surgical performance in laparoscopic procedures. Altogether 142 papers were found using the reported search, of which seven represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The details of the papers were tabulated including relevant outcomes and study weaknesses. We conclude that medical students and experienced laparoscopic surgeons with ongoing video game experience have superior laparoscopic skills for simulated tasks in terms of time to completion, improved efficiency and fewer errors when compared to non-gaming counterparts. There is some evidence that this may be due to better psycho-motor skills in gamers, however further research would be useful to demonstrate whether there is a direct transfer of skills from laparoscopic simulators to the operating table. PMID:23467109
Ou, Yanwen; McGlone, Emma Rose; Camm, Christian Fielder; Khan, Omar A
Intestinal malrotation is rare in adults. Patients may present with acute obstruction or chronic abdominal pain. These symptoms are caused by Ladd's bands and narrow mesentery resulting from incomplete gut rotation. Barium, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), angiography and sometimes explorative laparotomy are used for diagnosis. Ladd's procedure is the treatment of choice but data about laparoscopic approach in adult is scarce. We report three cases of laparoscopic correction of adult malrotation presenting with chronic abdominal pain. The diagnosis is made by CT/MRI. Laparoscopic Ladd's procedure (release of bands, broadening of mesentery and appendicectomy) was performed via three ports. Procedure time 25-45 min. All patients were discharged on postoperative day 2. At 6 month follow-up, all are symptom free. Laparoscopic Ladd's procedure is an acceptable alternative to the open technique in treating chronic symptoms of intestinal malrotation in adults.
Panda, Nilanjan; Bansal, Nitin Kumar; Narasimhan, Mohan; Ardhanari, Ramesh
Intestinal malrotation is rare in adults. Patients may present with acute obstruction or chronic abdominal pain. These symptoms are caused by Ladd's bands and narrow mesentery resulting from incomplete gut rotation. Barium, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), angiography and sometimes explorative laparotomy are used for diagnosis. Ladd's procedure is the treatment of choice but data about laparoscopic approach in adult is scarce. We report three cases of laparoscopic correction of adult malrotation presenting with chronic abdominal pain. The diagnosis is made by CT/MRI. Laparoscopic Ladd's procedure (release of bands, broadening of mesentery and appendicectomy) was performed via three ports. Procedure time 25-45 min. All patients were discharged on postoperative day 2. At 6 month follow-up, all are symptom free. Laparoscopic Ladd's procedure is an acceptable alternative to the open technique in treating chronic symptoms of intestinal malrotation in adults. PMID:24761085
Panda, Nilanjan; Bansal, Nitin Kumar; Narasimhan, Mohan; Ardhanari, Ramesh
Introduction A superior lumbar hernia, which is also known as a Grynfeltt hernia, is a rare abdominal wall defect that can be primary or secondary to trauma or orthopedic surgery. The anatomic location of a lumbar hernia makes diagnosis and repair challenging. We successfully repaired a lumbar hernia using a single-incision laparoscopic total extraperitoneal approach. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the use of this surgical technique in the treatment of a primary Grynfeltt hernia. Case presentation A 76-year-old Taiwanese man presented to our hospital with a left lower bulging mass noted for over three months. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a left Grynfeltt hernia. We performed a single-incision laparoscopic total extraperitoneal repair. Our patient was discharged uneventfully on the fourth day after the operation. There was no evidence of recurrence after six months of follow-up. Conclusion A laparoscopic total extraperitoneal repair for a lumbar hernia provides an excellent operative view and minimal invasiveness. The single-incision technique also provides better cosmetic outcomes. Our experience suggests that the single-incision laparoscopic total extraperitoneal approach may be a feasible and safe alterative to conventional approaches in lumbar hernia repair.
INTRODUCTION Single port/incision laparoscopic surgery (SPILS) is a modern advancement toward stealth surgery. Despite the paucity of high-quality scientific studies assessing its effectiveness, this procedure is being used increasingly. This review aims to describe commonly used techniques for SPILS appendicectomies (SPILA), to summarise complication rates in the literature and to provide discussion on indications and implementation. METHODS All available databases including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE® and Embase™ were searched in February 2011 and cross-referenced for available English literature describing SPILA in patients of any age. RESULTS Three broad technical approaches are described: procedures using laparoscopic instruments through a single skin incision in the abdominal wall, regardless of the number of fascial incisions, with or without the additional use of percutaneous sutures or wires to ‘assist’ the operation, and hybrid procedures, in which the appendix is exteriorised using a single incision laparoscopically assisted operation but subsequently divided using a conventional ‘open’ appendicectomy technique. Complication rates seem to be highest in SPILA procedures unassisted by sutures or wires. CONCLUSIONS Future research assessing the efficacy of single incision laparoscopic procedures should consider variation in technique as a possible factor affecting outcome.
Rehman, H; Ahmed, I
OBJECTIVE: The authors provide an assessment of mechanisms leading to hernia recurrence after laparoscopic and traditional preperitoneal herniorrhaphy to allow surgeons using either technique to achieve better results. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The laparoscopic and traditional preperitoneal approaches to hernia repair are analogous in principle and outcome and have experienced a similar evolution over different time frames. The recurrence rate after preperitoneal herniorrhaphy should be low (< 2%) to be considered a viable alternative to the most successful methods of conventional herniorrhaphy. METHODS: Experienced surgeons supply specifics regarding the mechanisms of recurrence and technical measures to avoid hernia recurrence when using the preperitoneal prosthetic repair. Videotapes of laparoscopic herniorrhaphy in 13 patients who subsequently experienced a recurrence also are used to determine technical causes of recurrence. RESULTS: Factors leading to recurrence include surgeon inexperience, inadequate dissection, insufficient prosthesis size, insufficient prosthesis overlap of hernia defects, improper fixation, prosthesis folding or twisting, missed hernias, or mesh lifting secondary to hematoma formation. CONCLUSIONS: The predominant factor in successful preperitoneal hernia repair is adequate dissection with complete exposure and coverage of all potential groin hernia sites. Hematoma mesh lifting and inadequate lateral inferior and medial inferior mesh fixation represent the most common causes of recurrence for surgeons experienced in traditional or laparoscopic preperitoneal hernia repair.
Lowham, A S; Filipi, C J; Fitzgibbons, R J; Stoppa, R; Wantz, G E; Felix, E L; Crafton, W B
The complications of laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair at two institutions were reviewed to determine the rate and\\u000a type of complications. A total of 76 patients underwent laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair between December 1992 and\\u000a April 1996. Seventy-one of them had fundoplication (6 required a Collis-Nissen procedure). Five patients underwent hernia\\u000a reduction and gastropexy only. There was one conversion to laparotomy.
Thadeus L. Trus; Tim Bax; William S. Richardson; Gene D. Branum; Susan J. Mauren; Lee L. Swanstrom; John G. Hunter
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are a rare heterogeneous group of endocrine neoplasms. Surgery remains the best curative option for this type of tumor. Over the past two decades, with the development of laparoscopic pancreatic surgery, an increasingly larger number of PNET resections are being performed by these minimally-invasive techniques. In this review article, the various laparoscopic surgical options for the excision of PNETs are discussed. In addition, a summary of the literature describing the outcome of these treatment modalities is presented.
Al-Kurd, Abbas; Chapchay, Katya; Grozinsky-Glasberg, Simona; Mazeh, Haggi
We review our early experience with laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) via extraperitoneal approach\\u000a to assess the precise pathological status of retroperitoneal lymph nodes in early-stage testicular cancer. A total of 32 patients\\u000a (23 with stage I, 4 with stage IIa, and 5 with stage IIb) with testicular cancer underwent extraperitoneal laparoscopic RPLND\\u000a in the supine position. After developing
Makoto Satoh; Akihiro Ito; Yoichi Arai
Background: Laparoscopic repair is becoming a popular treatment for recurrent inguinal hernia. The true long-term recurrence\\u000a of this method is unknown. Methods: Patients who underwent laparoscopic recurrent inguinal hernia repair at our institution\\u000a were followed up. Patients were interviewed by phone at least 6 months following surgery and examined by the same surgeon.\\u000a Results: Between April 1995 and November 2000,
A. Keidar; S. Kanitkar; A. Szold
\\u000a Laparoscopic nephrectomy was first described almost 20 years ago by Clayman et al. . Since then, laparoscopic surgical\\u000a acumen has evolved, and the complexity of operations undertaken has grown in parallel. A body of literature has developed\\u000a which sheds light on both the many advantages and the potential pitfalls of urologic laparoscopy for malignant disease of\\u000a the kidney. It is,
David A. Green; Michael Grasso
Urinary calculi are prevalent and result in significant morbidity, with a marked economic impact. Various therapeutic options exist, from medical to surgical management according to stone size. Laparoscopic pyelolithotomy is a viable option for significant staghorn renal stones. We report the case of a laparoscopic pyelolithotomy performed on a 48-year-old man with a left recurrent staghorn renal stone secondary to an ureteropelvic junction obstruction following a grade IV renal trauma several years ago.
Richard, Patrick; Bettez, Mathieu; Martel, Arold; Ponsot, Yves; Sabbagh, Robert
Background: Several studies, most of them nonrandomized, have shown similar functional results for both laparoscopic and open\\u000a Nissen fundoplication, the operation of choice for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Methods: A total\\u000a of 106 patients with documented GERD were randomized to receive either a laparoscopic or an open Nissen fundoplication. Preoperative\\u000a and postoperative investigations included clinical assessment, esophagogram,
E. Chrysos; J. Tsiaoussis; E. Athanasakis; O. Zoras; J. S. Vassilakis; E. Xynos
Smaller individual series on the outcome of laparoscopic hernioplasty techniques have been reported. This study reports on the complications of 3,229 laparoscopic hernia repairs performed by the authors in 2,559 patients. The TAPP (transabdominal preperitoneal) technique was the most frequently performed: 1,944 (60%). The totally preperitoneal technique was performed 578 (18%) times. The IPOM (intraperitoneal onlay mesh) repair was performed
E. H. Phillips; M. Arregui; B. J. Carroll; J. Corbitt; W. B. Crafton; M. J. Fallas; C. Filipi; R. J. Fitzgibbons; M. J. Franklin; B. McKernan; D. Olsen; A. Ortega; J. H. Payne; J. Peters; R. Rodriguez; P. Rosette; L. Schultz; A. Seid; R. Sewell; R. Smoot; F. Toy; R. Waddell; S. Watson
The goal of this article is to report our experience and review recent articles obtained for laparoscopic tubal sterilization reversal. The technique we describe is 'single suture laparoscopic tubal re-anastomosis'. This technique is simple and atraumatic and requires only one stitch in the tube. After preparing the tube stumps and bringing the edges of the mesosalpinx together, laparoscopic anastomosis is achieved by one stitch placed at '12 o'clock' on the antimesial edge of the tube. Between May 1994 and June 1997 we operated on 32 patients using this technique and carried out 48 tubal sterilization reversals. For the patients who underwent postoperative hysterosalpingography during the first or second month after the operation, the rate of patency was 87.5% (42/48). The overall intrauterine pregnancy rate was 53.1% (17 out of 32 patients). The overall delivery rate was 40.6% (13 out of 32 patients). The intrauterine pregnancy rate for the 17 patients who were aged 38 years or under was 58.8% (10 out of 17 patients). Laparoscopic tubal sterilization reversal is feasible with a simplified technique. Review of the publications concerning laparoscopic microsurgical tubal anastomosis confirms satisfactory fertility results. The surgeon should be experienced in microsurgical tubal anastomosis by laparotomy as well as operative laparoscopic procedures. PMID:9719882
Dubuisson, J B; Chapron, C
Introduction: Renal involvement by hydatid disease is uncommon. The patients may be asymptomatic or present with flank pain, hematuria, and hypertension. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment, and options include cyst deroofing, partial nephrectomy, and total nephrectomy. We share our experience of laparoscopic management of 3 patients with large hydatid cysts of the kidney and review the literature. Case Description: Three patients with hydatid cysts of the kidney were treated at our institution between 2008 and 2010. In all 3 patients, hydatid disease involved the left kidney. One of the three cases also had concomitant liver involvement. Abdominal pain was the predominant symptom. A flank mass was palpable in 2 patients. The diagnosis was confirmed on abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography in all 3 patients. Laparoscopic management was successfully completed in 2 patients. A large intrahepatic cyst in 1 patient prompted conversion to an open procedure. A special hydatid trocar-cannula system helps in eliminating the possibility of spillage from the cyst while puncturing and aspirating the cyst. Discussion: There are few reports on laparoscopic management of this uncommon disease of the kidney. In our series the laparoscopic management was attempted in all 3 cases. The procedures included laparoscopic aspiration of the cyst contents along with subtotal excision of the ectocyst in 2 patients and nephrectomy in 1 patient. The latter case had to be converted to an open procedure because of inaccessibility of the intrahepatic liver hydatid cyst. Laparoscopic management of renal hydatid cysts is feasible and safe.
Objective To determine whether performing uterine artery embolization (UAE) immediately before laparoscopic myomectomy can facilitate a minimally invasive surgical approach for larger uterine fibroids. Methods In a retrospective case–control study, laparoscopic myomectomy with and without preoperative UAE was examined. Data were analyzed from 26 laparoscopic myomectomies performed by a single surgeon at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine between 2004 and 2010. Controls were matched for age, calendar year, surgeon, and number of fibroids removed. Surgical outcomes included preoperative clinical uterine size, operative time, operative blood loss, and postoperative myoma specimen weight. Data were analyzed via 2-tailed Student t test. Results Twelve women underwent laparoscopic myomectomy within 169±16 minutes (mean±SEM) of preoperative UAE. Fourteen control patients underwent laparoscopic myomectomy alone. The UAE group had a greater mean preoperative clinical uterine size (19.7 versus 12.4 weeks, P<0.001) and a greater mean myoma specimen weight measured postoperatively (595.3 versus 153.6 grams, P<0.05). There were no significant differences in operative time or blood loss, and there were no intra-operative complications. Conclusion UAE performed immediately before laparoscopic myomectomy facilitated minimally invasive surgery for larger uteri and larger uterine myomas, with no differences in operative time or blood loss.
Goldman, Kara N.; Hirshfeld-Cytron, Jennifer E.; Pavone, Mary-Ellen; Thomas, Andrew P.; Vogelzang, Robert L.; Milad, Magdy P.
Background. In recent years the progress of laparoscopic procedures and the development of new and dedicated technologies have made laproscopic hepatic surgery feasible and safe. In spite of this laparoscopic liver resection remains a surgical procedure of great challenge because of the risk of massive bleeding during liver transection and the complicated biliary and vascular anatomy in the liver. A new laparoscopic device is reported here to assist liver resection laparoscopically. Methods. The laparoscopic Habib™ 4X is a bipolar radiofrequency device consisting of a 2x2 array of needles arranged in a rectangle. It is introduced perpendicularly into the liver, along the intended transection line. It produces coagulative necrosis of the liver parenchyma sealing biliary radicals and blood vessels and enables bloodless transection of the liver parenchyma. Results. Twenty-four Laparoscopic liver resections were performed with LH4X out of a total of 28 attempted resections over 12 months. Pringle manoeuvre was not used in any of the patients. None of the patients required intraoperative transfusion of red cells or blood products. Conclusion. Laparoscopic liver resection can be safely performed with laparoscopic Habib™ 4X with a significantly low risk of intraoperative bleeding or postoperative complications.
Pai, M.; Navarra, G.; Ayav, A.; Sommerville, C.; Khorsandi, S. K.; Damrah, O.; Jiao, L. R.
Minilaparoscopy is an attractive approach for hysterectomy due to advantages such as reduced morbidities and enhanced cosmesis. However, it has not been popularized due to the lack of suitable instruments and high technical demand. We aim to highlight the first case of minilaparoscopic hysterectomy reported in Asia and the use of a new integrated energy platform, Thunderbeat. We would like to propose an alternative method of instrumentation, so as to improve the feasibility and safety of minilaparoscopic hysterectomy. The first minilaparoscopic hysterectomy in Singapore was successfully completed using the alternative instrumentation and new energy platform. There was no conversion or complication during the surgery. The patient recovered uneventfully. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the use of such alternative instrumentation. This approach in instrumentation and the new energy platform will improve the feasibility and speed of the surgery and ensure safety in our patients. PMID:24750458
Ng, Ying Woo; Lim, Li Min; Fong, Yoke Fai
PurposeLaparoscopic partial nephrectomy represents a feasible option for patients with small renal masses. We describe our initial experience with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in cold ischemia achieved by renal artery perfusion.
GÜNTER JANETSCHEK; ALAA ABDELMAKSOUD; FARIBORZ BAGHERI; HASSAN AL-ZAHRANI; KARL LEEB; MANFRED GSCHWENDTNER
Will total abdominal hysterectomy with concomitant sacrocolpopexy lead to polypropylene (Prolene, Ethicon, Somerset, NJ) mesh\\u000a erosions? Sixty-seven patients demonstrating a stage 2 or more International Continence Society cystocele, rectocele, and\\u000a uterine prolapse underwent combined sacrocolpopexy and polypropylene mesh fixation and total abdominal hysterectomy. Surgical\\u000a failure was noted as prolapse of any of the three pelvic compartments with a stage 2
Serge P. Marinkovic
Background While bowel and bladder dysfunction are recognized consequences of a radical hysterectomy, the effects of a simple hysterectomy on anorectal sensorimotor functions, particularly rectal sensation, vary among studies and the effects on rectal compliance are unknown. Our aims were to prospectively evaluate anorectal sensorimotor functions before and after a hysterectomy. Methods Anal pressures, rectal compliance, capacity, sensation, and bowel symptoms were assessed before, at 2 months, and at 1 year after a simple vaginal hysterectomy for benign indications in 19 patients. Rectal staircase (0-44 mmHg, 4-mmHg steps), ramp (0-200mL at 50, 200 and 600 mL/min) and phasic distentions (8, 16, and 24mmHg above operating pressure) were performed.