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1

15 CFR 40.5 - Other cooperative arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TRAINING OF FOREIGN PARTICIPANTS IN CENSUS PROCEDURES AND GENERAL STATISTICS § 40.5 Other cooperative arrangements. The Bureau of the Census also undertakes the training of foreign...

2013-01-01

2

34 CFR 361.28 - Third-party cooperative arrangements involving funds from other public agencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Third-party cooperative arrangements involving... Administration § 361.28 Third-party cooperative arrangements involving...designated State unit may enter into a third-party cooperative arrangement...

2013-07-01

3

Cooperative coal marketing arrangement in eastern Kentucky: a feasibility report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of establishing coal cooperatives in Appalachian Kentucky. To survive in today's coal market, the small independent sector of the coal industry, defined as operators producing no more than two-hundred thousand tons per year, must gain access to long-term contract markets and to economies of scale in coal transportation. In both of these areas, the larger coal producers enjoy a substantial competitive advantage. Also, the small operators must find ways of coping with drastically increased costs of permitting, production and reclamation. In recent years, cooperative marketing and production arrangements have increasingly been seen as possible mechanisms for enabling small operators to remain viable in today's coal market while retaining for the coal industry and the economy in general the independence, efficient production, recovery of coal from marginal deposits, and local orientation and entrepreneurship of the small operator. Although cooperative endeavors in permitting, meeting health and safety requirements, increasing mining efficiency, and joint purchase of materials and equipment can decrease costs for the small operator, the greatest need is for cooperative marketing mechanisms which will enable small operators to amass sufficient reserves and productive capacity to jointly gain large-volume, long-term sales contracts and to command the efficiencies and lower costs of coal shipment by unit train.

Not Available

1981-07-01

4

45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...cooperative arrangements with courts and law enforcement officials. 304.21 Section...cooperative arrangements with courts and law enforcement officials. (a) General...cooperative agreements with appropriate courts and law enforcement officials in accordance...

2011-10-01

5

The nature and evolution of cooperative fishing arrangements in extended jurisdiction zones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the global extension of marine fishery jurisdiction, cooperative fishing arrangements have emerged between coastal nations and distant water fleets. Economic analysis of these arrangements to date has emphasized their bilateral nature and the associated difficulties of influencing and monitoring behavior, including incentive gaps resulting from differing perceptions of the future. When it is recognized that there are many buyers

Lewis E Queirolo; Richard S Johnston; Zhengkun Zhang

1997-01-01

6

Cooperative advertising, game theory and manufacturer-retailer supply chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative (co-op) advertising plays a significant role in marketing programs in conventional supply chains and makes up the majority of promotional budgets in many product lines for both manufacturers and retailers. We develop three strategic models for determining equilibrium marketing and investment effort levels for a manufacturer and a retailer in a two-member supply chain. Especially, we address the impact

Susan X. Li; Zhimin Huang; Joe Zhu; Patrick Y. K. Chau

2002-01-01

7

Cooperative advertising, game theory and manufacturerretailer supply chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative (co-op) advertising plays a significant role in marketing programs in conventional supply chains and makes up the majority of promotional budgets in many product lines for both manufacturers and retailers. We develop three strategic models for determining equilibrium marketing and investment effort levels for a manufacturer and a retailer in a two-member supply chain. Especially, we address the impact

Susan X. Li; Zhimin Huang; Joe Zhu; Patrick Y. K. Chau

2002-01-01

8

45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements...AND HUMAN SERVICES FEDERAL FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION § 304.21 Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative...

2012-10-01

9

Cooperative arrangements among entrepreneurs: An analysis of opportunism and communication in franchise structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine opportunism and participative communication in franchise structures, the most ubiquitous and fastest-growing form of cooperative arrangements among entrepreneurs. Our model links opportunism directly to franchise system performance and franchisee satisfaction; participative communication acts as a quasimoderator variable, directly impacting performance variables and moderating the impact of opportunism. Analysis of survey responses of 162 fast food franchisees shows communication

Melissa S. Baucus; David B. Baucus

1996-01-01

10

Coordination and Cooperation in Manufacturer-Retailer Supply Chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we explore the role of vertical cooperative (co-op) advertising efficiency of transactions between a manufacturer and a retailer. We address the impact of brand name investments, local advertising, and sharing policy on co-op advertising programs. Game theory concepts form the foundation for the analysis. We begin with the classical co-op advertising model where the manufacturer, as the

Zhimin Huang; Susan X. Li

2004-01-01

11

Computer support for cooperative work in advanced manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to prevail in the emerging turbulent business environment, the work organization of advanced manufacturing must be able to adapt diligently and dynamically to the vicissitudes of a volatile market. Meeting this demand requires horizontal exchange of information within a self-organizing cooperative ensemble of decision makers with a high degree of autonomy in their strategies and conceptualizations. Advanced manufac-

Kjeld Schmidt

1991-01-01

12

Regional Arrangements for Trade in Northeast Asia: Cooperation and Competition between China and Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, scholars have noted the development of a variety of Asian trade arrangements at the bilateral, minilateral\\u000a and multilateral levels. 2 Such arrangements vary significantly in terms of the actors they involve, their issue scope, and\\u000a their strength. Although some of these arrangements were established during the Cold War, most of them have come into existence\\u000a only

Mie Oba

13

42 CFR 441.306 - Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. Whenever appropriate, the...responsible for administering a program for children with special health care needs under the Maternal and Child Health program (Title V of the Act)...

2010-10-01

14

42 CFR 441.306 - Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. Whenever appropriate, the...responsible for administering a program for children with special health care needs under the Maternal and Child Health program (Title V of the Act)...

2009-10-01

15

Health Hazard Evaluation Report, HETA-2007-0355-3102, Immortalis Botanicals, Farmville, Virginia, February 2010. Evaluation of Exposure to Epoxy Resin while Manufacturing Artificial Floral Arrangements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On August 31, 2007, NIOSH received an HHE request from management at Immortalis Botanicals (Immortalis) in Farmville, Virginia. The company was concerned about employee exposure to epoxy resin used during the manufacture of luxury artificial floral arrang...

C. Aristeguieta M. Rodriguez

2010-01-01

16

78 FR 31943 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Contract Manufacturing Arrangements for Drugs: Quality Agreements...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...manufacturing of drugs can utilize Quality Agreements to delineate their responsibilities and assure drug quality, safety, and efficacy. DATES: Although you can comment on any guidance at any time (see 21 CFR 10.115(g)(5)), to ensure that the...

2013-05-28

17

Manufacturing and Testing of Composite Materials and Structures. European Cooperative Research Examples  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes several European cooperative research examples in the field of polymer composite materials. The projects, which were carried out in collaboration between industrial and academic partners, were all supported by the European Union. They deal, e.g., with (a) the manufacturing and crash testing of thermoplastic composite structures, (b) the production of thermoplastic composite preforms, and (c) the energy

K. Friedrich; M. Maier; M. Neitzel

2000-01-01

18

Effects of cooperative incentives and heterogeneous arrangement on achievement and interaction of cooperative learning groups in a college life science course  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the importance of cooperative incentives and heterogeneous grouping as elements of cooperative learning in a college life science course. Cooperative learning may be defined as a classroom learning environment in which students work together in heterogeneous groups toward completion of some task. Cooperative incentive structures provide some type of group reward based

Scott B. Watson; James E. Marshall

1995-01-01

19

75 FR 14128 - Approval for Manufacturing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 7, CooperVision Caribbean Corporation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Board [Order No. 1669] Approval for Manufacturing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 7, CooperVision Caribbean Corporation (Contact Lenses), Juana Diaz, Puerto Rico Pursuant to its authority under the Foreign-Trade Zones Act of June 18, 1934, as...

2010-03-24

20

Experience of High School Cooperation with Manufacturing Enterprise While Training Rocket and Space Industry Experts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cooperation between Yuzhnoye SDO and Dniepropetrovsk National University (Physical and Engineering Institute) constitutes an example for the efficient practical realization of the idea of integration of science, industry and education, i.e. scientists and industrial experts take an active part in educational process while teachers and students participate in resolution of vital scientific and technical problems. The report is devoted to a summary analysis of such cooperation, which during the creation of Dniepropetrovsk Rocket Center, the largest in the former USSR, helped solving the relevant employment issues and contributed to foundation of Dniepropetrovsk scientific rocket school in the shortest possible time. Later, the cooperation was of avail in adequate reinforcement of the rocket and space industry with highly skilled experts (more than 20 thousand experts have graduated during 50 years). The University department branches representative of principal schools, i.e. rocket and spacecraft design and manufacture, engine design, automated control systems, production practice etc. established at the company's premises resolve vital issues related to improvement of expert training reliability. The department branches successfully resolve the tasks associated with prompt adaptation of the experts by comprehensively accounting both for the needs of the industry and the company's development outlook as well as by involving up-to-date manufacturing equipment in educational process, during researches, etc. Recently a new entity has been established playing an important role in building a continuous aerospace education system. This entity is called the National Center for aerospace education of Ukrainian youth, which unites high and higher school students, young scientists, and allows resolving different tasks ranging from searching and selecting gifted youth to training of highly skilled scientists.

Novykov, O.; Dzhur, Y.; Perlyk, V.

2002-01-01

21

Circular economy practices among Chinese manufacturers varying in environmental-oriented supply chain cooperation and the performance implications.  

PubMed

The rapidly growing industrial activities in emerging economies such as China have been causing resource depletion and pollution problems. This reality requires China to adopt an integrated management approach to resolve the conflict between industrial development and environmental protection, and the concept of circular economy (CE) serves this purpose. In this paper, we examine if different types of manufacturing enterprises on environmental-oriented supply chain cooperation (ESCC) exist. We also determine if the Chinese manufacturer types varying in ESCC differ in their implementation of the CE practices towards achieving the CE-targeted goals on improving both environmental and economic performance. Our cluster analytic results with multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) among the four identified types of Chinese manufacturers varying in environmental-oriented supply chain cooperation highlight the importance to intensify the cooperation with upstream and downstream supply chain partners for a CE initiative to succeed. PMID:20223586

Zhu, Qinghua; Geng, Yong; Lai, Kee-hung

2010-03-11

22

Alpha-Amylase Starch Binding Domains: Cooperative Effects of Binding to Starch Granules of Multiple Tandemly Arranged Domains?  

PubMed Central

The Lactobacillus amylovorus alpha-amylase starch binding domain (SBD) is a functional domain responsible for binding to insoluble starch. Structurally, this domain is dissimilar from other reported SBDs because it is composed of five identical tandem modules of 91 amino acids each. To understand adsorption phenomena specific to this SBD, the importance of their modular arrangement in relationship to binding ability was investigated. Peptides corresponding to one, two, three, four, or five modules were expressed as His-tagged proteins. Protein binding assays showed an increased capacity of adsorption as a function of the number of modules, suggesting that each unit of the SBD may act in an additive or synergic way to optimize binding to raw starch.

Guillen, D.; Santiago, M.; Linares, L.; Perez, R.; Morlon, J.; Ruiz, B.; Sanchez, S.; Rodriguez-Sanoja, R.

2007-01-01

23

Developing the Teaching Material Using ATV Cooperated with Student on Manufacturing Practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, a number of students have entered the college of technology with no experience of dismantling and assembling of even an easy machine (including toys) . It is necessary to study the correct usage of tools for lower grade students as a base of the technical education for dismantling and assembling of the machine. However, enough understanding has not been obtained though the usage of the tool is trained for first grade students. So, we executed the development on the teaching text and material of student practice curriculum, which is attractive subject of all-terrain vehicle [ATV]?s dismantling and assembling for lower grade students. This practice make the student learn both how to use the tools and the steer mechanism of car through the dismantling and assembling of ATV. The text book and sub-teaching materials of this practice curriculum were created in cooperation with fifth grade students as graduation research. As a result, an effective teaching and learning text and sub-teaching materials in manufacturing practice could be developed from student?s point of view.

Tsukamoto, Kimihide; Yamamoto, Keiichiro; Ueno, Takayuki; Imazato, Tatsunari; Sakamoto, Hidetoshi

24

Study on Product Quality Cooperation Control of Remote Manufacturing Based on Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the network manufacture, it makes more difficult and complex for the product quality control of remote manufacturing because of the diversity of product, the universality of information and the higher requirement of user to the product, especially the diversity of accessories which compose of the product. This paper discuss the necessity of the product quality coordination control and the

Yang Musheng; Chen Rong; Zhang Yu

2007-01-01

25

SEMATECH and the University of Texas cooperative research in semiconductor manufacturing technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview is provided of current research in microelectronics manufacturing technology being conducted by University of Texas graduate students for SEMATECH's Factory Integration division. As part of these planned internships, the candidates for Master of Science degrees in Operations Research selected academic report topics related to factory performance issues for advanced-technology wafer fabrication facilities. The relevance of such work to

Steven Brown; Sarah E. Pittman

1995-01-01

26

Detection arrangement  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Exemplary embodiments of detection and transmission arrangements are disclosed herein. For example, some of the disclosed embodiments comprise a splitter, a detector, first and second paths defined between the splitter and the detector, and a manipulation arrangement. In certain embodiments, the splitter is arranged to direct an incoming particle along the first or second path depending upon the value of a parameter of the incoming particle. In particular embodiments, the manipulation arrangement is located on at least one of the first and second paths, so that, if a particle in a superposition of values of the parameter impinges on the splitter and a wavefunction of the particle is directed along both the first and second paths, the manipulation arrangement will act on the wavefunction to allow interference, at or near the detector, between the portions of the wavefunction that were directed along the first and second paths.

2012-05-22

27

76 FR 17406 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the European Atomic Energy...Norway Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. DATES: This subsequent arrangement...Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. In accordance with section...

2011-03-29

28

Development of a High Volume Capable Process to Manufacture High Performance Photovoltaic Cells: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-322  

SciTech Connect

The intent of the work is for RFMD and NREL to cooperate in the development of a commercially viable and high volume capable process to manufacture high performance photovoltaic cells, based on inverted metamorphic (IMM) GaAs technology. The successful execution of the agreement will result in the production of a PV cell using technology that is capable of conversion efficiency at par with the market at the time of release (reference 2009: 37-38%), using RFMD's production facilities. The CRADA work has been divided into three phases: (1) a foundation phase where the teams will demonstrate the manufacturing of a basic PV cell at RFMD's production facilities; (2) a technology demonstration phase where the teams will demonstrate the manufacturing of prototype PV cells using IMM technology at RFMD's production facilities, and; (3) a production readiness phase where the teams will demonstrate the capability to manufacture PV cells using IMM technology with high yields, high reliability, high reproducibility and low cost.

Geisz, J. F.

2012-11-01

29

Horizontal inter-firm cooperation in Ethiopian small and medium enterprises : Evidence from leather shoe manufacturing firms in Addis Ababa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the nature of cooperative relationships among competing firms by highlighting the purpose for, and the degree of cooperation in, different areas of joint activities. It also aims to examine factors fostering or hindering cooperation between competing firms. Design\\/methodology\\/approach The data used in this study were collected from September 2007

Worku Tuffa Birru

2011-01-01

30

Circuit arrangement  

SciTech Connect

It is known that every single or multi-phase power consumer such as a motor is optimally designed only for a certain power take up. Other power take ups deviating from this value result in a decreased ratio between power output and current intake. The circuit arrangement described in this application facilitates a fully automatic regulation and thus immediate adjustment of the respective power consumption to the respective power demand so that a motor or similar power consumers can be operated under energetically optimum conditions even under partial load. As a function hereof an advantageous phase detection facilitates generation of a regulated voltage with the current intake being reduced with increasing phase shift resulting in an increase of the output factor. For this purpose a Triac in series with the power consumer in the network is triggered in a certain manner in multiplex operation and a circuit differentiation is made among several phase controls.

Muth, W.

1984-02-07

31

46 CFR 385.8 - Arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...8 Section 385.8 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT GRANT AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS REGULATIONS Regulation System § 385.8 Arrangement. (a) General...

2012-10-01

32

76 FR 30326 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperation Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Japan Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. DATES: This subsequent arrangement will take effect no sooner than June 9, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

2011-05-25

33

76 FR 17407 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Between the United States of America and the Argentine Republic Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. DATES: This subsequent arrangement will take effect no sooner than April 13, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

2011-03-29

34

78 FR 52170 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America...the Government of Japan Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. DATES: This subsequent arrangement will take...

2013-08-22

35

75 FR 82005 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...providing notice of a proposed subsequent arrangement under the Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada and the Agreement for...

2010-12-29

36

Battery holddown arrangement  

SciTech Connect

A simple holddown structure for securely mounting a storage battery or the like is in the form of an integrally molded bracket member of corrosion-resistant material having two spaced-apart parallel angled members adapted to engage opposite upper edges of the battery and interconnected by a cross-bar member, the opposite ends of which are formed with an eyelet and an upstanding tab formation both extending beyond the angled members. The eyelet accommodates a fastener securing one side of the bracket member to a mounting structure and the tab cooperates with a separate L-shaped member having a series of apertures in one arm for selectively receiving the tab therein. The other arm of the L-shaped member has a slot accommodating a fastener for adjustably securing the other side of the bracket member to the mounting structure. In a modification, the L-shaped member may be formed in two pieces with the arms connected by a hook and aperture arrangement to permit lateral adjustment with respect to the fastener, that is, abaxially of the cross-bar member

DiFazio, R.

1985-06-04

37

Oil fence arrangement  

SciTech Connect

An oil fence arrangement for effectively preventing oil spills from spreading or diffusing over the surface of the sea. The arrangement is of a double wall construction and can fold into a small space.

Muto, I.; Tatsuguchi, M.

1984-01-10

38

Voluntary environmental governance arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voluntary environmental governance arrangements have focal attention in studies on environmental policy, regulation and governance. The four major debates in the contemporary literature on voluntary environmental governance arrangements are studied. The literature falls short of sufficiently specifying whether or not voluntary environmental governance arrangements are successful in addressing environmental risks. This is due to the narrow focus of many contemporary

Jeroen van der Heijden

2012-01-01

39

Evolution, Selfishness and Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that replicators evolving through natural selection on the basis of fitness are intrinsically selfish. Though the synergy resulting from cooperation is generally advantageous, selfish or subsystem optimization precludes the reaching of a globally optimal cooperative arrangement. This predicament is exemplified by the \\

Francis HEYLIGHEN

1992-01-01

40

Guidance for Industry: Cooperative Manufacturing ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... required infectious disease testing of blood and blood components; and; blood donor recruitment and maintenance of donor deferral registries. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/guidances

41

CALUTRON PLANT ARRANGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description is given of an arrangement for calutrons in which the ; tanks and magnets are placed alternately in a race track'' figure. Pump ; connections are through the floor to the pumps below where roughing and finishing ; headers are provided. The arrangement provides more efficient and exonomical ; operaton, economy of construction, and saving of space. (T.R.H.)

Waite

1959-01-01

42

CALUTRON PLANT ARRANGEMENT  

DOEpatents

A description is given of an arrangement for calutrons in which the tanks and magnets are placed alternately in a race track'' figure. Pump connections are through the floor to the pumps below where roughing and finishing headers are provided. The arrangement provides more efficient and exonomical operaton, economy of construction, and saving of space. (T.R.H.)

Waite, L.O.

1959-06-01

43

The double Coxeter arrangement  

Microsoft Academic Search

. Let V be Euclidean space. Let be a finite irreducible reflection group. Let be the corresponding Coxeter arrangement. Let S be the algebra of polynomial functions on V. For choose such that . The arrangement is known to be free: the derivation module is a free S-module with generators of degrees equal to the exponents of W. In this

Louis Solomon; Hiroaki Terao

1998-01-01

44

75 FR 27768 - Office of International Regimes and Agreements; Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Government of India Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (``the 123 Agreement''). This subsequent arrangement...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (``the Arrangements and Procedures'')....

2010-05-18

45

Supply chain enterprises cooperative game analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses a cooperative game model on a three-stage supply chain composed of manufacturer, distributor and retailer, and puts forward a cooperative profit allocation tactics. The paper sets up three models for no enterprise cooperation, partial enterprises cooperation and all enterprises cooperation respectively. And get the profit of each alliance by backward induction. In the end, we get the

Bo Yan; Lei Wang

2009-01-01

46

27 CFR 6.52 - Cooperative advertising.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Cooperative advertising. 6.52 Section 6.52...Unlawful Inducements Paying for Advertising, Display Or Distribution Service § 6.52 Cooperative advertising. An arrangement...

2013-04-01

47

Arranged matches and mental illness: therapists' dilemmas.  

PubMed

Traditional societies place especial value on marriage and having children, and marriages are often arranged. A series of situations and dilemmas associated with arranged matches and their consequences are described in the course of mental health work with ultra-orthodox Jewish people with severe mental illness. Issues of confidentiality may arise with parents and matchmakers; on the other hand, respectful cooperation with religious authorities, counselors in the community, and family members is important. Information on genetic counseling, contraception, medication during pregnancy, and breastfeeding are considered and interact with communal structures and practices. There is a need for close support and evaluation during the process of marriage, childbearing, and parenthood. PMID:23244012

Greenberg, David; Buchbinder, Jacob Tuvia; Witztum, Eliezer

2012-01-01

48

Coordinating Exports by Farmer Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research evaluates opportunities for farmer cooperatives to expand international trade through multicooperative and multicommodity arrangements. Nine component functions of the export process are discussed, including procurement, processing, physical...

M. D. Newman H. M. Riley

1982-01-01

49

Fuel cell arrangement  

DOEpatents

A fuel cell arrangement is provided wherein cylindrical cells of the solid oxide electrolyte type are arranged in planar arrays where the cells within a plane are parallel. Planes of cells are stacked with cells of adjacent planes perpendicular to one another. Air is provided to the interior of the cells through feed tubes which pass through a preheat chamber. Fuel is provided to the fuel cells through a channel in the center of the cell stack; the fuel then passes the exterior of the cells and combines with the oxygen-depleted air in the preheat chamber.

Isenberg, Arnold O. (Forest Hills Boro, PA)

1987-05-12

50

Control rod cluster arrangement  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a nuclear reactor including nuclear core which is cooled and moderated by light water, the nuclear core comprising a plurality of parallel arranged openings therethrough and interspersed among the fuel assemblies. A control rod cluster arrangement comprises load follow control rod cluster assemblies with each load follow control rod cluster assembly being adapted to slidingly fit within each of some of the fuel assemblies in the parallel arranged openings, the load follow control rod cluster assemblies each comprising a plurality of elongated parallel arranged rods attached to a single spider, and including a first group of rods and a second group of rods, the first group of rods and the second each consisting of a plurality of absorber rods. The first group of rods consist of absorber rods taken from the group consisting of B/sub 4/C, hafnium, or silver-indium-cadmium and the second group of rods consist of absorber rods each consisting of stainless steel, the first group of rods and the second group of rods each being integrally attached at all times to the single spider, the absorber rods of the second group of rods being dispersed throughout the control rod cluster assembly. The first group of rods have a first neutron capture cross section and the second group of rods have a second neutron capture cross section different from the first cross section.

Orr, W.L.; Doshi, P.K.; Mildrum, C.M.; Freeman, T.R.

1987-02-10

51

Solar heating panel arrangement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A solar heating panel arrangement and method are disclosed wherein a plurality of spherical lenses transmit and focus solar radiation onto the upper surface of a fluid passage for various relative positions of the sun. The upper surface of the passage is in heat transfer proximity to the fluid therein, causing solar radiation focused thereon to be transferred to the

1983-01-01

52

Hydroelectric power generating arrangement  

Microsoft Academic Search

An electric power generating arrangement includes a container which is situated below the upper level of a body of water and has an inlet and an outlet. Water from the body of water is admitted into the receiving space bounded by the container through the inlet and drives a turbine, while water is being pumped out of the receiving space

Grub

1982-01-01

53

Arranging the Informal Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the advent of the informal or open classroom, a new area of concern has become important--classroom arrangement. In the past, classrooms were oriented toward the front, toward the teacher's desk and the blackboard. Education depended mainly on the pupil's interaction with the teacher and with printed materials. Nowadays, in informal

Engel, Brenda S.

54

Arranging. CAP Job Function.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Job Function Booklet (Arranging) is one of the 14 components (see note) of the Career Alert Planning (CAP) program, a set of individualized materials designed to help participants find out about themselves and about the kind of work for which they are suited. In this program, participants become acquainted with occupations that are

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

55

Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America\\/Food and Drug Administration Cooperation in Building Capabilities for Electronic Submission of Postmarketing Safety Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cooperative efforts of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the pharmaceutical industry in implementing International Council on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines to establish a practical protocol for electronic transfer of individual case safety reports are described. Nonexpedited safety reports were selected as test material and a multidisciplinary task force guided progress. The issues and problems that were confronted are

William S. Calvert; Virginia Holihan

1999-01-01

56

Children's After School Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental correlates of children's after school arrangements were examined with suburban seventh graders and their mothers. Self-care children identified as unsupervised and hanging out had more difficulties than supervised children or unsupervised self-care children at home in terms of school achievement, susceptibility to peer pressure, self-reported behavior problems, and experimentation with alcohol. The study failed to identify any benefits of

Michele Goyette-Ewing

2000-01-01

57

Financial Profile of Dairy Cooperatives, 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Financial statements for U.S. dairy cooperatives in 1997 are presented. The nation's dairy cooperatives were categorized into six groups based on their primary function (bargaining-only, bargaining-balancing, hard-product manufacturing, branded-cheese, fl...

2000-01-01

58

Financial Profile of Dairy Cooperatives, 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Financial statements for U.S. dairy cooperatives in 2002 are presented. The nation's dairy cooperatives were categorized into five groups based on their primary function (bargaining-only, commodity-manufacturing, niche-marketing, fluid-processing and dive...

C. Liebrand

2004-01-01

59

Labor-Management Cooperation: The American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the wide range of opportunities, the attendant problems, and the potential benefits of labor-management cooperation. Cooperative arrangements are considered at different economic levels, and 65 cases are discussed. The first of 10 chapters sets up a conceptual framework for the review of American experience in cooperation.

Siegel, Irving H.; Weinberg, Edgar

60

Hybrid drive arrangement  

SciTech Connect

The invention concerns a hybrid drive arrangement for vehicles, with an engine drive and with a flywheel storage drive, which includes a storage flywheel supported concentrically relative to the crankshaft for storing kinetic energy during such operations as braking operations of the vehicle. Both drives can be connected with the driving wheels of the vehicle by means of a common, preferably continuously variable, transmission. In order to obtain a faster response of the engine drive on suddenly occurring power demands and in order to achieve a more favorable design of the storage flywheel, there is to be provided in accordance with the invention, in addition to a storage flywheel, an engine flywheel associated with the reciprocating-piston internal combustion engine, which compensates for torque irregularities of the engine. The engine flywheel can be connected with a crankshaft by means of a first clutch and with the storage flywheel by means of at least one further clutch.

Oetting, H.; Heidemeyer, P.

1985-02-19

61

Riding a Tiger, or Computer Supported Cooperative Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of supporting cooperative work by means of computer systems rai- ses, inter alia, the problem of how to model cooperative work and incorporate such mod- els in computer systems as an infrastructure of the work organization. Cooperative work arrangements should be conceived of as emerging formations that change dynamically and involves distributed decision making. Thus, modelling cooperative work

Kjeld Schmidt

1991-01-01

62

51. Photograph of a line drawing. 'AREA B, ARRANGEMENT OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

51. Photograph of a line drawing. 'AREA B, ARRANGEMENT OF KETTLES AND DRIVE PLAN, BUILDINGS I, J, L, & M - LINES 9 & 10.' Holston Army Ammunition Plant. March 14, 1967; revised November 14, 1967, January 3, 1968. Delineator: Unknown. Drawing # 7651-1009.456. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

63

77 FR 22480 - Conduit Financing Arrangements; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on conduit financing arrangements. The final regulations...multiple-party financing arrangements that are effected through...determine which of those arrangements should be recharacterized...a conduit financing arrangement. DATES: This...

2012-04-16

64

76 FR 76895 - Conduit Financing Arrangements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to conduit financing arrangements. The final regulations...multiple-party financing arrangements that are effected through...determine which of those arrangements should be recharacterized...a conduit financing arrangement. DATES:...

2011-12-09

65

ASEAN and Asia?Pacific economic cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of the Asia?Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum has introduced a new element in the global trading environment. APEC includes several regional arrangements: the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA), the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Australia?New Zealand Closer Economic Relations (CER) schemes. Initially a preferential trading arrangement that had very limited practical coverage, ASEAN has forged

Julius Caesar Parreas

1998-01-01

66

Reference architecture for holonic manufacturing systems: PROSA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future manufacturing systems need to cope with frequent changes and disturbances. As such, their control requires constant adaptation and high flexibility. Holonic manufacturing is a highly distributed control paradigm that promises to handle these problems successfully. It is based on the concept of autonomous co-operating agents, called `holons'. This paper gives an overview of the holonic reference architecture for manufacturing

Hendrik Van Brussel; Jo Wyns; Paul Valckenaers; Luc Bongaerts; Patrick Peeters

1998-01-01

67

Why Manufacturing?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page from the Florida Advanced Technological Education Center for Manufacturing (FLATE) will help students and educators looking at domestic manufacturing. The page highlights products manufactured in the state of Florida including food, beverages, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, metals, plastics, electronic devices and more. A video on the variety of items manufactured in the state of Florida is available in both English and Spanish.

2011-09-19

68

Gifted Students Illustrate What Isn't Cooperative Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In October 1992 issue of "Educational Leadership," Marian Matthews communicates several misunderstandings about cooperative learning. Interview data from 15 middle schoolers in a wealthy district are not generalizable to all cooperative-learning situations. A cooperative-learning group is neither a seating arrangement nor individualistic learning

Johnson, David; Johnson, Roger T.

1993-01-01

69

Manufacturing Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Objective 7:05 - Students will develop an awareness of the designed World through : Describing a manufacturing system; listing and describing the basic type of manufacturing; defining production and manufacturing enterprise;defining AGV, CAD, CIM, CAM, CNC, production tooling, automation, and material processes. Day 1: Introduction/Background Objective Preassessment: Use a KWL chart to assess your students prior knowledge. This will also help you deal with any misconceptions regarding manufacturing system. Students will use the curriculum companion PowerPoint and Objective 7.05 Outline to develop an awarness of: Define manufacturing List and describe the basic types of Manufacturing Student ...

Wallace, S.

2010-07-16

70

Cognitive cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperation can evolve in the context of cognitive activities such as perception, attention, memory, and decision making,\\u000a in addition to physical activities such as hunting, gathering, warfare, and childcare. The social insects are well known to\\u000a cooperate on both physical and cognitive tasks, but the idea of cognitive cooperation in humans has not received widespread\\u000a attention or systematic study. The

David Sloan Wilson; John J. Timmel; Ralph R. Miller

2004-01-01

71

Manufacturing influence of design and its importance to successful automation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperation between designers and manufacturers of aircraft engines and engine parts is discussed. The contributions of computer aided design and manufacture, and standardization of cutting tools are summarized. Automated inspection is described.

F. Turner

1983-01-01

72

Cavity resonator filter structure having improved cavity arrangement  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A combined resonator-cavity filter includes a number of cavity structures designed for cooperative arrangement within a housing. The resonator cavities are constructed and arranged to pass energy in an assigned frequency band. The cavities include a first cavity structure having a corresponding cavity volume and constructed to provide a first Q, and a second cavity structure having its corresponding cavity volume and constructed to provide a second Q. The cavity volume corresponding to the second cavity structure is less than the cavity volume corresponding to the first cavity structure. Other aspects are directed to the arrangement and uses of sets of such cavity structures as part of a combined duplexer-receiver having the same housing.

1999-04-13

73

77 FR 14810 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Approval; Cooperative Manufacturing Arrangements for Licensed Biologics AGENCY: Food...entitled ``Cooperative Manufacturing Arrangements for Licensed Biologics'' has been...entitled ``Cooperative Manufacturing Arrangements for Licensed Biologics'' to OMB...

2012-03-13

74

76 FR 30325 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Proposed Subsequent Arrangement AGENCY: Office of Nonproliferation...Energy. ACTION: Proposed subsequent arrangement...providing notice of a proposed subsequent arrangement under the Agreement for [[Page...

2011-05-25

75

Railway locomotive fuel saving arrangement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This invention discloses a method and device for reducing fuel consumption by a locomotive system comprised of a plurality of tandem diesel locomotives electrically interconnected so that one of the units is a lead unit and the remaining units are trailing units. In particular, the fuel saver arrangement of the present invention is capable of selectively placing one or more

Spigarelli

1981-01-01

76

Classroom Arrangements That Benefit Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent reform efforts in New Zealand prescribe classroom grouping as a key pedagogical strategy, yet current understandings of how and for whom grouping makes a positive difference is by no means conclusive. This paper unpacks what the literature says about grouping and how it influences students' active participation in a classroom community. The research evidence reveals that quality grouping arrangements

Margaret Walshaw; Glenda Anthony

77

Arrangement for hydroelectric power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydroelectric power plant contains a flow tube for the water, an inlet tube leading to the flow tube and a discharge tube leading from the flow tube. In the flow tube a turbine is arranged to be driven by the flowing water and which via a drive shaft drives an electric generator. Accentuated sub-divisioning as between mechanical unit and portions

Osterberg

1984-01-01

78

Cooperative binding.  

PubMed

Molecular binding is an interaction between molecules that results in a stable association between those molecules. Cooperative binding occurs if the number of binding sites of a macromolecule that are occupied by a specific type of ligand is a nonlinear function of this ligand's concentration. This can be due, for instance, to an affinity for the ligand that depends on the amount of ligand bound. Cooperativity can be positive (supralinear) or negative (infralinear). Cooperative binding is most often observed in proteins, but nucleic acids can also exhibit cooperative binding, for instance of transcription factors. Cooperative binding has been shown to be the mechanism underlying a large range of biochemical and physiological processes. PMID:23843752

Stefan, Melanie I; Le Novre, Nicolas

2013-06-27

79

Marketing Operations of Dairy Cooperatives, 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A total of 49,675 member-producers of the Nation's 155 dairy cooperatives marketed 152.5 billion pounds of milk, or 82.6 percent of all milk marketed, in 2007. Forty-five cooperatives operated 176 dairy processing and manufacturing plants, 12 handled milk...

2009-01-01

80

Embedding of Cycles in Arrangement Graphs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arrangement graphs have been proposed as an attractive interconnection topology for large multiprocessor systems. The authors study these graphs by proving the existence of Hamiltonian cycles in any arrangement graph. They also prove that an arrangement graph contains cycles of all lengths ranging between 3 and the size of the graph. They show that an arrangement graph can be decomposed

Khaled Day; Anand R. Tripathi

1993-01-01

81

Do Exclusivity Arrangments Harm Consumers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores welfare implications of exclusivity arrangements, e.g. iPhone?s part- nership with wireless carriers. Two ?rms compete in a primary good market, while a monop- olistic ?rm oers a value-adding good. The primary good can be consumed alone, while the value-adding good must be consumed with the primary good. The monopolistic ?rm forms an exclusivity partnership with one of

Jihui Chen

2011-01-01

82

Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement  

DOEpatents

The present invention relates generally to an electric motor winding and, more particularly, to a three phase motor armature winding arrangement designed to reduce motor vibration and improve efficiency. An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of {radical}3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor.

Slavik, C.J.; Rhudy, R.G.; Bushman, R.E.

1995-12-31

83

Future Structure and Management of Dairy Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

By 1985, 300 or fewer dairy cooperatives will market 80 percent of the Nation's milk, 46 percent sold raw and 34 percent bottled or manufactured. About half will be marketed by 15-25 full-service co-ops, one fifth by 50-80 manufacturing co-ops, and one-fo...

G. C. Tucker J. B. Roof W. J. Monroe

1979-01-01

84

Cooperative Brands.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The directory was first published in 1977 and is in its third edition. Previous editions confined their surveys to processed food products. Yet, in addition to processed foods, cooperatives market under trademarks all types of products, such as fresh frui...

B. J. Reynolds K. J. Spatz

1990-01-01

85

Manufacturing Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Manufacturing Engineering is a monthly publication of the Society of Manufacturing Engineers. It is targeted primarily at manufacturing professionals, but it can also be of use to anyone with an interest in the field. This Web site posts between six and ten in-depth articles from each issue of the magazine. Examples of some topics that have been addressed in past issues include turbomachining processes, computer-aided design and manufacturing, and robotic assembly. The online archive maintains all previous monthly postings back to January 2000.

86

Cooperation and Cooperation Failure1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over a half-century of laboratory research into problems of cooperation (Flood 1952; Poundstone 1992) have made it a truism that, contrary to theories based on self-interested rationality, people often cooperate in prisoner=s dilemma (PD) and other social dilemma situations. Nearly all such experiments are presented in this light. Yet the experimental literature also contains several highly credible studies that strongly

Randall Calvert

2002-01-01

87

Game theory-based Cooperation of Process Planning and Scheduling  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the significant trends in manufacturing planning is to make computer automated process planning and scheduling to work more cooperatively. To build up cooperative process planning and scheduling (CPPS), in this research, three game theory- based strategies, i.e., Pareto strategy, Nash strategy and Stackelberg strategy, have been introduced to analyze the cooperation of the two functions in a systematic

W. D. Li; L. Gao; X. Y. Li; Y. Guo

2008-01-01

88

Ultra high vacuum seal arrangement  

DOEpatents

Arrangement for demountably sealing two concentric metallic tubes in an ultra high vacuum system which facilitates remote actuation. A tubular seal includes integral spaced lips which circumferentially engage the metallic tubes. The lips plastically deform the metallic tubes by mechanical forces resulting from a martensite to austenite transformation of the tubular seal upon application of a predetermined temperature. The sealing force is released upon application of another temperature which causes a transformation from the stronger austenite to the weaker martensite. Use of a dual acting sealing ring and driving ring circumferentially contacting the sealing ring is particularly applicable to sealing larger diameter concentric metallic members.

Flaherty, Robert (Mt. Lebanon, PA)

1981-01-01

89

Manufacturing technologies  

SciTech Connect

The Manufacturing Technologies Center is an integral part of Sandia National Laboratories, a multiprogram engineering and science laboratory, operated for the Department of Energy (DOE) with major facilities at Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Livermore, California. Our Center is at the core of Sandia`s Advanced Manufacturing effort which spans the entire product realization process.

NONE

1995-09-01

90

The aesthetics of behavioral arrangements  

PubMed Central

With their origins in scientific validation, behavior-analytic applications have understandably been developed with an engineering rather than a crafting orientation. Nevertheless, traditions of craftsmanship can be instructive for devising aesthetically pleasing arrangementsarrangements that people will try, and having tried, will choose to continue living with. Pye (1968) provides suggestions for this, particularly through his distinctions between workmanship of risk versus workmanship of certainty, and the mating of functional precision with effective or otherwise pleasing variability. Close examination of woodworking tools as well as antique machines offers instructive analogues that show, for instance, that misplaced precision can be dysfunctional when precision is not essential to a design. Variability should be allowed or even encouraged. Thus, in the design of behavioral contingencies as well as of practical or purely aesthetic objects, precise versus variable is not necessarily a distinction between good and bad. More generally, behavior analysts would do well to look beyond their technical experience for ways to improve the aesthetics of contingency design while continuing to understand the resulting innovations in relation to behavior-analytic principles. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6Figure 7Figure 8Figure 9

Hineline, Philip N.

2005-01-01

91

Manufacturing technology  

SciTech Connect

The specific goals of the Manufacturing Technology thrust area are to develop an understanding of fundamental fabrication processes, to construct general purpose process models that will have wide applicability, to document our findings and models in journals, to transfer technology to LLNL programs, industry, and colleagues, and to develop continuing relationships with industrial and academic communities to advance our collective understanding of fabrication processes. Advances in four projects are described here, namely Design of a Precision Saw for Manufacturing, Deposition of Boron Nitride Films via PVD, Manufacturing and Coating by Kinetic Energy Metallization, and Magnet Design and Application.

Blaedel, K.L.

1997-02-01

92

29 CFR 779.229 - Other arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779...enterprise. For example, whether a franchise, lease, or other contractual arrangement...activities of the enterprise which grants the franchise, right, or concession. (S....

2013-07-01

93

Second screen methods and arrangements  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

The present technology concerns cell phones and similar devices, and their use in conjunction with media content (electronic and physical) and other systems (e.g., televisions, digital video recorders, and electronic program directories). Some aspects of the technology particularly concern "second screen" applications that sense a television program being watched by a user, and present menus of complementary content on the phone touchscreen from which the user can select. This complementary content can include other video content, associated web pages, opportunities to buy merchandise related to the program, etc. This complementary content can be identified by a provider of the television program, or can be identified otherwise (e.g., by crowd-sourcing). In some embodiments, the phone instructs a remote DVR to record content of interest for later viewing. The technology also provides features for making TV watching a social experience--involving remote friends. A great number of other arrangements and details are also disclosed.

2013-08-20

94

Supply Chain Scheduling: Conflict and Cooperation in Assembly Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study conflict and cooperation issues in supply chain manufacturing. Consider an assembly system where suppliers provide parts to a manufacturer. A product cannot be delivered until all its parts have been supplied. The manufacturer performs nonbottleneck operations, for example, outsourced assembly, packaging, and delivery for each product. Two classical scheduling objectives are considered: minimization of the total completion time

Zhi-long Chen; Nicholas G. Hall

2007-01-01

95

Teacher Cooperatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Twenty years ago, when the late Albert Shanker endorsed the notion of innovative schools operating outside conventional district bureaucracies, his aim was to put teachers at the helm. Today there are nearly 80 teacher-governed charter schools around the country. Although most are legally constituted as worker cooperatives, they better resemble

Hawkins, Beth

2009-01-01

96

Technical Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bank's nonreimbursable technical cooperation (TC) program is a key instrument in complementing borrowing member countries' efforts to address social and economic development challenges. Through the mobilization of nonreimbursable resources, the Bank seeks to strengthen economic and social reform pro- grams as well as address poverty-related issues. The program also encourages the transfer of technical ad- vice and knowledge, and

97

Cooperative Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides details on how to create student cooperative learning groups in a high school physics class. It provides information about how to divide the students into groups, what roles should be given to the students within the groups, how to make certain that all students participate, and how to evaluate the effectiveness of the groups in promoting student learning.

Mader, Jan; Winn, Mary

2005-11-27

98

Cooperative Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Small-group cooperative learning methods have improved achievement, low and high level cognitive learning, race relations and mutual student concern. Most of the research focuses on four approaches: Teams Games Tournament (DeVries), Student Teams Achievement Divisions (Slavin), Jigsaw (Aronson) and Small Group Teaching (Sharan). (Author/CP)|

Slavin, Robert E.

1980-01-01

99

Cooperative broadcasting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows that several transmitters operating in an additive white Gaussian noise environment can send at rates strictly dominating time-multiplex and frequency-multiplex rates by use of a superposition scheme that pools the time, bandwidth, and power allocations of the transmitters. This pooling can be achieved without cooperative action, except for agreement on the actual rate of transmission each transmitter

P. Bergmans

1974-01-01

100

Semiconductor Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

6.780 Semiconductor Manufacturing, a course through MIT's OpenCourseWare, covers statistical modeling and the control of semiconductor fabrication processes and plants. Topics covered include: design of experiments, response surface modeling, and process optimization; defect and parametric yield modeling; process/device/circuit yield optimization; monitoring, diagnosis, and feedback control of equipment and processes; and analysis and scheduling of semiconductor manufacturing operations. Course materials are downloadable via a zip file.

2012-07-19

101

Manufacturing pop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is energy's role in the manufacturing of a soft drink can? This article, part of a series about the future of energy, describes the many energy-laden steps needed to make pop cans. Students read about the steps of aluminum can manufacture, beginning with removing the aluminum from ore within the ground. Three sets of thought-provoking questions afford students opportunities to reflect on what they've read. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

102

Students with disabilities participating in mainstream schools: policies that promote and limit teacher and therapist cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines participatory arrangements for students with physical disabilities in mainstream education, cooperation between teachers and therapists to ensure that these arrangements are efficient and the organizational prerequisites for such cooperation. The study comprises data obtained from 14 groups, with each group consisting of a student with physical disabilities aged 919 years, their main teacher and the relevant therapists

Helena Hemmingsson; Anders Gustavsson; Elizabeth Townsend

2007-01-01

103

Students with Disabilities Participating in Mainstream Schools: Policies that Promote and Limit Teacher and Therapist Cooperation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines participatory arrangements for students with physical disabilities in mainstream education, cooperation between teachers and therapists to ensure that these arrangements are efficient and the organizational prerequisites for such cooperation. The study comprises data obtained from 14 "groups", with each group consisting of a

Hemmingsson, Helena; Gustavsson, Anders; Townsend, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

104

Comparison of Cooperative and Noncooperative Purchasing in School Nutrition Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare food cost and public school foodservice directors' satisfaction between districts participating in school foodservice cooperatives or group purchasing arrangements and districts purchasing independently. It also assessed the prevalence of purchasing cooperatives in school foodservice

Rice, Beth W.; Strohbehn, Catherine; Shelly, Mark C.; Arendt, Susan; Gregoire, Mary

2010-01-01

105

77 FR 53876 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America...Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the United States of America and the...

2012-09-04

106

76 FR 37343 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America...Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the United States of America and the...

2011-06-27

107

78 FR 40131 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America...Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the United States of America and the...

2013-07-03

108

75 FR 67086 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America...Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the United States of America and the...

2010-11-01

109

76 FR 17406 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America...Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the United States of America and the...

2011-03-29

110

75 FR 67087 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America...Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the United States of America and the...

2010-11-01

111

78 FR 40735 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America...Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the United States of America and the...

2013-07-08

112

78 FR 40132 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America...Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the United States of America and the...

2013-07-03

113

75 FR 12738 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the United States of America...Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the United States and the European...

2010-03-17

114

Mining machine duct work arrangement  

SciTech Connect

A mining machine is disclosed which has a vehicle body with a first end thereof having a boom pivoted for up and down rotational movement about an axis extending transversely of the vehicle. A cutter head is carried by the boom and a conveyor is mounted on the vehicular body to carry away material cut by the cutter head. A dust collection system is mounted on the boom and vehicle body to convey dust away from the cutting head area. The dust control system has duct work associated therewith which includes a generally rectangularly intake duct section associated with the boom and a generally rectangularly fixed duct section mounted on the vehicle. A transition section connects the intake and the fixed duct sections. The transition section consists of a two piece arrangement wherein each piece is hinged to the intake duct section and is capable of slidingly engaging the fixed duct section at the end thereof adjacent the boom to sealing couple the intake duct section to the fixed duct section as the boom swings upwardly and downwardly.

Melhuish, J.J.

1985-12-10

115

Linearly arranged polytypic CZTSSe nanocrystals  

PubMed Central

Even colloidal polytypic nanostructures show promising future in band-gap tuning and alignment, researches on them have been much less reported than the standard nano-heterostructures because of the difficulties involved in synthesis. Up to now, controlled synthesis of colloidal polytypic nanocrsytals has been only realized in II-VI tetrapod and octopod nanocrystals with branched configurations. Herein, we report a colloidal approach for synthesizing non-branched but linearly arranged polytypic I2-II-IV-VI4 nanocrystals, with a focus on polytypic non-stoichiometric Cu2ZnSnSxSe4?x nanocrystals. Each synthesized polytypic non-stoichiometric Cu2ZnSnSxSe4?x nanocrystal is consisted of two zinc blende-derived ends and one wurtzite-derived center part. The formation mechanism has been studied and the phase composition can be tuned through adjusting the reaction temperature, which brings a new band-gap tuning approach to Cu2ZnSnSxSe4-x nanocrystals.

Fan, Feng-Jia; Wu, Liang; Gong, Ming; Chen, Shi You; Liu, Guang Yao; Yao, Hong-Bin; Liang, Hai-Wei; Wang, Yi-Xiu; Yu, Shu-Hong

2012-01-01

116

Linearly arranged polytypic CZTSSe nanocrystals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Even colloidal polytypic nanostructures show promising future in band-gap tuning and alignment, researches on them have been much less reported than the standard nano-heterostructures because of the difficulties involved in synthesis. Up to now, controlled synthesis of colloidal polytypic nanocrsytals has been only realized in II-VI tetrapod and octopod nanocrystals with branched configurations. Herein, we report a colloidal approach for synthesizing non-branched but linearly arranged polytypic I2-II-IV-VI4 nanocrystals, with a focus on polytypic non-stoichiometric Cu2ZnSnSxSe4-x nanocrystals. Each synthesized polytypic non-stoichiometric Cu2ZnSnSxSe4-x nanocrystal is consisted of two zinc blende-derived ends and one wurtzite-derived center part. The formation mechanism has been studied and the phase composition can be tuned through adjusting the reaction temperature, which brings a new band-gap tuning approach to Cu2ZnSnSxSe4-x nanocrystals.

Fan, Feng-Jia; Wu, Liang; Gong, Ming; Chen, Shi You; Liu, Guang Yao; Yao, Hong-Bin; Liang, Hai-Wei; Wang, Yi-Xiu; Yu, Shu-Hong

2012-12-01

117

Digital manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The applications for Rapid Prototyping have broadened to the point where the name no longer fits the industry. The name Digital Manufacturing is proposed for the creation of solid articles from computer data without part-specific tooling and minimal geometric restrictions. The current state of the industry is reviewed and applications are classified by material strength and process accuracy. Today designers can have a 3D Printer in their office to build models and prototypes as casually as they would use an office copier. Improved materials and processes are permitting digitally manufactured articles to be used for tooling and end-use applications.

Bredt, James F.

2000-11-01

118

Digital manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The applications for Rapid Prototyping have broadened to the point where the name no longer fits the industry. The name Digital Manufacturing is proposed for the creation of solid articles from computer data without part-specific tooling and minimal geometric restrictions. The current state of the industry is reviewed and applications are classified by material strength and process accuracy. Today designers

James F. Bredt

2000-01-01

119

75 FR 2889 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-International...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative Notice is hereby given that, on...S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative (``iNEMI'') has filed...

2010-01-19

120

Manufacturing technology  

SciTech Connect

This bulletin depicts current research on manufacturing technology at Sandia laboratories. An automated, adaptive process removes grit overspray from jet engine turbine blades. Advanced electronic ceramics are chemically prepared from solution for use in high- voltage varistors. Selective laser sintering automates wax casting pattern fabrication. Numerical modeling improves performance of photoresist stripper (simulation on Cray supercomputer reveals path to uniform plasma). And mathematical models help make dream of low- cost ceramic composites come true.

Leonard, J.A.; Floyd, H.L.; Goetsch, B.; Doran, L. [eds.

1993-08-01

121

GA-based Music Arranging for Guitar  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe a system for converting a piece of music into an appropriate arrangement for guitar. The system is supported by previous research into the generation of guitar performance information (tablature) with genetic algorithms. This technology is a significant part of an evaluation function that is designed to differentiate between candidate arrangements on the basis of both

Daniel R. Tuohy; Walter D. Potter

2006-01-01

122

More Combinatorial Proofs via Flagpole Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Combinatorial identities are proved by counting the number of arrangements of a flagpole and guy wires on a row of blocks that satisfy a set of conditions. An identity is proved by first deriving and then equating two expressions that each count the number of permissible arrangements. Identities for binomial coefficients and recursion relations

DeTemple, Duane; Reynolds, H. David, II

2006-01-01

123

Cerebral Language Arrangement for Mexican Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates whether Mexican Americans have a different cerebral specialization for native language than for second language as measured by visual shift. The possibility of a different cerebral arrangement for each language has implications for educators. The relation between cerebral arrangement and cognitive style entails

de Lorenzo, Kathryn Brue

124

Performance of Stirling Engines (Arrangement for Experimental Results and Performance Prediction Method)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors have been manufactured and developed five kinds of high- and low temperature difference type Stirling engines. Their engine performance was investigated by experimental operations. And in order to consider about parameters affected to the engine performance, the experimental results were discussed and compared with the calculated results by analysis simulation methods. This paper shows an arrangement method for

Shoichi IWAMOTO; Koichi HIRATA; Fujio TODA

125

Solar collector manufacturing activity, 1988  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy in cooperation with the Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy. The report presents data on producer shipments and end uses obtained from manufacturers and importers of solar thermal collectors and photovoltaic modules. It provides annual data necessary for the Department of Energy to execute its responsibility to: (1) monitor activities and trends in the solar collector manufacturing industry, (2) prepare the national energy strategy, and (3) provide information on the size and status of the industry to interested groups such as the U.S. Congress, government agencies, the Solar Energy Research institute, solar energy specialists, manufacturers, and the general public.

1989-11-01

126

Flexible Cooperation in Non-Standard Application Environments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The integration of preexisting systems into a single, heterogeneous, distributed non-standard application system in domains like office automation or computer-integrated manufacturing are regarded as cooperating systems. They are characterized through tea...

B. Holtkamp

1990-01-01

127

Arrangements of codimension-one submanifolds  

SciTech Connect

We study the number f of connected components in the complement to a finite set (arrangement) of closed submanifolds of codimension 1 in a closed manifold M. In the case of arrangements of closed geodesics on an isohedral tetrahedron, we find all possible values for the number fof connected components. We prove that the set of numbers that cannot be realized by the number f of an arrangement of n {>=} 71 projective planes in the three-dimensional real projective space is contained in the similar known set of numbers that are not realizable by arrangements of n lines on the projective plane. For Riemannian surfaces M we express the number f via a regular neighbourhood of a union of immersed circles and the multiplicities of their intersection points. For m-dimensional Lobachevskii space we find the set of all possible numbers f for hyperplane arrangements. Bibliography: 18 titles.

Shnurnikov, Igor' N

2012-09-30

128

How Changing Energy Markets Affect Manufacturing  

EIA Publications

The market for natural gas has been changing for quite some time. As part of natural gas restructuring, gas pipelines wereopened to multiple users. Manufacturers or their representatives could go directly to the wellhead to purchase their naturalgas, arrange the transportation, and have the natural gas delivered either by the local distribution company or directly througha connecting pipeline.

Information Center

2000-03-01

129

Research on the decision of manufacturing resource allocation based on game theoretic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to assist the decision-making of shared resource optimal allocation by multiple manufacturing tasks for modern distributed manufacturing systems, this article proposes a new approach based on non-cooperative game theory with complete information. Firstly, the manufacturing resources are treated as shared and valuable alternatives, and manufacturing tasks as participants of resource competition. Then the strategy set for resource allocation

Wang Yunzhi; Jia Yanhua; Hu Yaoguang; Yan

2011-01-01

130

Postponed manufacturing: a case study in the food supply chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explains that postponed manufacturing applications are a combination of form, time and place postponement in which final processing of generic base products to meet customer specifications at central locations in the supply chain is followed by delivery to customers. Postponed manufacturing has been coming to the forefront as an innovative supply chain arrangement in a multitude of industries, including the

Remko van Hoek

1997-01-01

131

Subsidiaries of Agricultural Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Little is known about why or to what extent cooperatives use subsidiaries for carrying out various functions. Their increasing use, indeed, the increasing dependence of some regional cooperatives on subsidiaries, has implications for other cooperatives co...

C. A. Kraenzle D. Volkin

1979-01-01

132

Subsidiaries of Agricultural Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study explains why or to what extent cooperatives use subsidiaries for carrying out various functions, since their increasing use and dependence of some regional cooperatives on subsidiaries has implications for other cooperatives considering this org...

C. A. Kraenzle D. Volkin

1979-01-01

133

Cooperative Employee Compensation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study looks at how education, cooperative function, and geography influence patterns in compensating cooperative employees. Generally, cooperative respondents in the West reported employees had the highest median salaries. Job responsibility, decision...

B. L. Rotan

1993-01-01

134

75 FR 346 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Government of Canada Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy and the Agreement Between the United States and the Government of Japan Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. This subsequent arrangement concerns the...

2010-01-05

135

63 FR 6733 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement Concerning Reciprocal Arrangements for Exchanges of Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperation for the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the...concerning the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, signed July 23, 1985...Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, the President is required...

1998-02-10

136

Economic determinants of IMF financial arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze factors that lead to IMF approval of financial arrangements. We account for both economic variables that induce a country to seek an IMF arrangement (demand-side factors) and macroeconomic policy commitments that the IMF considers when deciding whether to approve it (supply-side factors). Using a pooled sample of annual observations for 91 developing countries over 19731991, we obtain maximum

Malcolm Knight; Julio A. Santaella

1997-01-01

137

PREFACE: Cooperative dynamics Cooperative dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dynamics within living cells are dominated by non-equilibrium processes that consume chemical energy (usually in the form of ATP, adenosine triphosphate) and convert it into mechanical forces and motion. The mechanisms that allow this conversion process are mostly driven by the components of the cytoskeleton: (i) directed (polar) polymerization of filaments (either actin or microtubules) and (ii) molecular motors. The forces and motions produced by these two components of the cytoskeleton give rise to the formation of cellular shapes, and drive the intracellular transport and organization. It is clear that these systems present a multi-scale challenge, from the physics of the molecular processes to the organization of many interacting units. Understanding the physical nature of these systems will have a large impact on many fundamental problems in biology and break new grounds in the field of non-equilibrium physics. This field of research has seen a rapid development over the last ten years. Activities in this area range from theoretical and experimental work on the underlying fundamental (bio)physics at the single-molecule level, to investigations (in vivo and in vitro) of the dynamics and patterns of macroscopic pieces of 'living matter'. In this special issue we have gathered contributions that span the whole spectrum of length- and complexity-scales in this field. Some of the works demonstrate how active forces self-organize within the polymerizing cytoskeleton, on the level of cooperative cargo transport via motors or due to active fluxes at the cell membrane. On a larger scale, it is shown that polar filaments coupled to molecular motors give rise to a huge variety of surprising dynamics and patterns: spontaneously looping rings of gliding microtubules, and emergent phases of self-organized filaments and motors in different geometries. All of these articles share the common feature of being out-of-equilibrium, driven by metabolism. As demonstrated here, the biological problems that inspire these physical studies cover fundamental processes, from cell division up to the dynamics within axons and neurons. We would like to acknowledge and thank all contributors for their submissions, which made this special issue possible in the first place. Moreover, we would like to thank the staff at IOP Publishing for helping us with the administrative aspects and for co-ordinating the refereeing process. We hope that readers will enjoy this collection of papers and that it will trigger them to further explore the endless open physics questions presented by biological systems. Cooperative dynamics contents How does the antagonism between capping and anti-capping proteins affect actin network dynamics? Longhua Hu and Garegin A Papoian The emergence of sarcomeric, graded-polarity and spindle-like patterns in bundles of short cytoskeletal polymers and two opposite molecular motorsE M Craig, S Dey and A Mogilner Model of myosin node aggregation into a contractile ring: the effect of local alignmentNikola Ojkic, Jian-Qiu Wu and Dimitrios Vavylonis Loop formation of microtubules during gliding at high densityLynn Liu, Erkan Tzel and Jennifer L Ross Protein-coat dynamics and cluster phases in intracellular traffickingGreg Huber, Hui Wang and Ranjan Mukhopadhyay Conformational changes, diffusion and collective behavior in monomeric kinesin-based motilityKerwyn Casey Huang, Christian Vega and Ajay Gopinathan One-dimensional deterministic transport in neurons measured by dispersion-relation phase spectroscopyRu Wang, Zhuo Wang, Joe Leigh, Nahil Sobh, Larry Millet, Martha U Gillette, Alex J Levine and Gabriel Popescu

Gov, Nir

2011-09-01

138

UAV cooperative control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the development of cooperative rendezvous and cooperative target classification agents in a hierarchical distributed control system for unmanned aerospace vehicles. For cooperative rendezvous, a Voronoi based polygonal path is generated to minimize exposure to radar. The rendezvous agent minimizes team exposure from Individual coordination functions while satisfying stringent timing constraints. For cooperative target classification, templates are developed,

Phillip R. Chandler; M. Pachter; S. Rasmussen

2001-01-01

139

78 FR 9939 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-U.S. Photovoltaic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. Notice is hereby given that...15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. (``USPVMC'') has...

2013-02-12

140

78 FR 58559 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-U.S. Photovoltaic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. Notice is hereby given that...15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. (``USPVMC'') has...

2013-09-24

141

78 FR 37572 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-U.S. Photovoltaic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. Notice is hereby given that...15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. (``USPVMC'') has...

2013-06-21

142

Boat electrofishing relative to anode arrangement  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We assessed the effect of boom (i.e., anode) arrangement (a single boom and double booms spaced 1.3, 1.9, and 3.2 m apart) on the characteristics of the electric field formed ahead of an electrofishing boat as well as on fish catch. Anode arrangement affected the lengthwise and crosswise characteristics of the field. As a general rule, rearranging the anodes from a single boom located centrally to a double-boom system with broadly separated anodes shifted the strength of the field outward (away from the center) and forward (away from the boat). The highest voltage gradients occurred when the anodes had the greatest separation. Catch rates varied by boom arrangement, increasing as boom separation increased. Differences in species and length selectivity with respect to boom arrangement were minor. We suggest that the double-boom arrangement with the booms placed about 1.9 m apart (but no more than about 2.5 m) is suitable for most electrofishing applications. ?? Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2008.

Miranda, L. E.; Kratochvil, M.

2008-01-01

143

Trust and cooperation among economic agents  

PubMed Central

The units that are subject to selection pressure in evolutionary biology are strategies, which are conditional actions (Do P if X occurs, otherwise do Q). In contrast, the units in economics select strategies from available menus so as to further their projects and purposes. As economic agents do not live in isolation, each agent's optimum choice, in general, depends on the choices made by others. Because their projects and purposes involve the future, not just the present, each agent reasons about the likely present and future consequences of their respective choices. That is why beliefs, about what others may do and what the consequences of those choices could be, are at the basis of strategy selection. A catalogue of social environments is constructed in which agents not only promise each other's cooperation, but also rationally believe that the promises will be kept. Unfortunately, non-cooperation arising from mistrust can be the outcome in those same environments: societies harbour multiple equilibria and can skid from cooperation to non-cooperation. Moreover, a pre-occupation among analysts with the Prisoners' Dilemma game has obscured the fact that cooperative arrangements can harbour not only inequality, but also exploitation. The analysis is used to discuss why international cooperation over the use of global public goods has proved to be so elusive.

Dasgupta, Partha

2009-01-01

144

46 CFR 108.199 - Arrangement of sleeping spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Arrangement of sleeping spaces. 108.199 Section 108.199 Shipping...Construction and Arrangement Accommodation Spaces § 108.199 Arrangement of sleeping spaces. To the extent practicable, each...

2012-10-01

145

29 CFR 779.230 - Franchise and other arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Franchise and other arrangements. 779.230...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.230 Franchise and other arrangements....

2013-07-01

146

14 CFR 23.1361 - Master switch arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Master switch arrangement. 23.1361 Section 23...Systems and Equipment § 23.1361 Master switch arrangement. (a) There must be a master switch arrangement to allow ready...

2013-01-01

147

Cooperative and Contract Cataloging of Foreign-Language Materials in Academic and Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many collections of foreign-language materials remain uncataloged because of the lack of catalogers proficient in the uncommon languages. No-way and three-way cooperative exchanges and contractual arrangements among libraries are ways to obtain cataloging. Libraries Hilling to participate in cooperative exchanges must locate reciprocating partners. Those wanting a contractual arrangement must find other libraries willing to accept materials, offering the required

James S Chervinko

1996-01-01

148

Collaborative action research: implementation of cooperative learning.  

PubMed

Nurse educators must continually improve their teaching skills through innovation. However, research about the process used by faculty members to transform their teaching methods is limited. This collaborative study uses classroom action research to describe, analyze, and address problems encountered in implementing cooperative learning in two undergraduate nursing courses. After four rounds of action and reflection, the following themes emerged: students did not understand the need for structured cooperative learning; classroom structure and seating arrangement influenced the effectiveness of activities; highly structured activities engaged the students; and short, targeted activities that involved novel content were most effective. These findings indicate that designing specific activities to prepare students for class is critical to cooperative learning. PMID:20210268

Smith-Stoner, Marilyn; Molle, Mary E

2010-06-03

149

21 CFR 26.64 - Transitional arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS...PRODUCT EVALUATION REPORTS: UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY âFrameworkâ Provisions § 26.64 Transitional...

2013-04-01

150

The Relationship between Women's Working Arrangements and Their Child Care Arrangements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An Australian survey examined the child care and working arrangements (part time, shift work, overtime) of 2,890 mothers. Differences in use of formal child care or unmet child care needs depended on children's ages and full-time/overtime status. Those working in nontraditional arrangements may be more likely to use informal child care. (SK)|

VandenHeuvel, Audrey

1996-01-01

151

Two-level hedging point control of a manufacturing system with multiple product-types and uncertain demands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is motivated by the co-operative production process of networked manufacturing systems (NMS). Manufacturing resource sharing and flexible production scheduling are two features of NMS. For an individual manufacturing system in an NMS, flexible production scheduling means that it can produce multiple product-types and the switching of products is quick enough to respond to the demand fluctuation. Manufacturing resource

F. T. S. Chan; Z. Wang; J. Zhang; S. Wadhwa

2008-01-01

152

Northwest Manufacturing Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Northwest Manufacturing lnititaive, through its partner organizations, has conducted research into Northwest defense industrial base capability gaps, primarily through manufacturing workforce assessment and targeted training, including Lean Manufactur...

B. Barrett E. A. Fuller J. R. Evans M. Chalkiopoulos W. E. Wood

2012-01-01

153

Desktop Manufacturing Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Desktop manufacturing is the use of data from a computer-assisted design system to construct actual models of an object. Emerging processes are stereolithography, laser sintering, ballistic particle manufacturing, laminated object manufacturing, and photochemical machining. (SK)|

Snyder, Mark

1991-01-01

154

Grinding Arrangement for Ball Nose Milling Cutters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A grinding arrangement for spiral fluted ball nose end mills and like tools includes a tool holder for positioning the tool relative to a grinding wheel. The tool is mounted in a spindle within the tool holder for rotation about its centerline and the too...

C. F. Burch

1974-01-01

155

Grinding Arrangement for Ball Nose Milling Cutters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An improved grinding arrangement is reported which enables high precision grinding of spiral fluted ball nose end mills and similar cutting tools. Provided is a cam follower and a specially contoured cam for automatically rotating the tool to be ground so...

C. F. Burch

1972-01-01

156

Canister arrangement for storing radioactive waste  

DOEpatents

The subject invention relates to a canister arrangement for jointly storing high level radioactive chemical waste and metallic waste resulting from the reprocessing of nuclear reactor fuel elements. A cylindrical steel canister is provided with an elongated centrally disposed billet of the metallic waste and the chemical waste in vitreous form is disposed in the annulus surrounding the billet.

Lorenzo, Donald K. (Knoxville, TN); Van Cleve, Jr., John E. (Kingston, TN)

1982-01-01

157

Noiseless combustion and plasma cutting arrangement  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to a noiseless combustion and plasma cutting arrangement with a cutter and an associated gridiron-or honeycomb-type bench that is divided into individual cells that are higher than they are wide to reduce the noise that occurs during cutting.

Ackermann, U.; Ratsch, E.

1984-03-20

158

Laurent Determinants and Arrangements of Hyperplane Amoebas  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study amoebas associated with Laurent polynomials and obtain new results regarding the number and structure of the connected components of the complement of the amoeba. We also investigate the associated Laurent determinant. In the case of a hyperplane arrangement we perform explicit computations leading to a closed formula for the Laurent determinant.

Mikael Forsberg; Mikael Passare

2000-01-01

159

Marital Status and Living Arrangements: March 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents detailed information on the marital status and living arrangements of the noninstitutional population of the United States by age, sex, race, and Spanish origin. The text of this report compares the mid-decade census estimates based on the March, 1985 "Current Population Survey" with the survey data from 1980, 1970, and 1960.

Saluter, Arlene F.

1986-01-01

160

Is your leasing arrangement paying off?  

PubMed

Lease rates for healthcare equipment should not exceed fair market value for comparable leases in the market. Valuators usually analyze lease arrangements under a cost approach and a market approach to determine the fair market value lease rate. Healthcare financial executives need to perform significant research to support the lease rate. PMID:16927494

Bernstein, Curtis

2006-08-01

161

75 FR 62121 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. This subsequent arrangement...to the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Tokai-Mura...various European power plants under project ALPSII...and prepared by the Hot Cell Laboratory at Studsvik...Section 131 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

2010-10-07

162

Child care arrangement and preschool development.  

PubMed

Baseline data from the Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth were used to evaluate the associations between child care arrangement and poor developmental attainment (PDA). A weighted total of 521,800 children aged 2 to 3 years were studied (N = 2,709). PDA was assessed by age-standardized motor and social development score. Children were grouped by the predominant type of arrangement: care by someone in the child's own home, in another home (family child care), at a child care centre, or none (child care exclusive to parents). Controlling for socioeconomic status, biological factors and maternal immigration, family dysfunction, hostile parenting and low neighbourhood safety were correlated with PDA and positive parent-child interaction decreased the odds of PDA. Whereas centre child care arrangements were beneficial to development overall (OR = 0.41, 99% CI = 0.18, 0.93), an interaction existed between type of child care and maternal depression; among children with depressed mothers, centre child care was associated with increased odds of PDA. Findings suggest that the associations between child care arrangement and child development involve interactions of factors that influence a child's home environment. Future child development studies exploring these interactions are warranted. PMID:11200730

To, T; Cadarette, S M; Liu, Y

163

Children's living arrangements in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the wide variation in living arrangements experienced by children in developing regions using data from 19 Demographic and Health Surveys. Traditionally, researchers and policymakers concerned with child welfare have assumed that, apart from exceptional cases, children live with their mothers, experience childhood together with their siblings, and have access to resources from both biological parents. Data presented

Cynthia B. Lloyd; Sonalde Desai

1992-01-01

164

Metacognitive Scaffolding in an Innovative Learning Arrangement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the effects of metacognitive scaffolds on learning outcomes of collaborating students in an innovative learning arrangement. The triads were supported by computerized scaffolds, which were dynamically integrated into the learning process and took a structuring or problematizing form. In an experimental design the two

Molenaar, Inge; van Boxtel, Carla A. M.; Sleegers, Peter J. C.

2011-01-01

165

Cooperative Filters and Control for Cooperative Exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autonomous mobile sensor networks are employed to measure large-scale environmental fields. Yet an optimal strategy for mission design addressing both the cooperative motion control and the cooperative sensing is still an open problem. We develop strategies for multiple sensor platforms to explore a noisy scalar field in the plane. Our method consists of three parts. First, we design provably convergent

Fumin Zhang; Naomi Ehrich Leonard

2010-01-01

166

Introduction to Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Introduction to Manufacturing provides an overview of basic manufacturing processes and career opportunities within manufacturing. Students will participate in a manufacturing simulation in which they will analyze the manufacturing process for a product and redesign the process to incorporate a teaming approach. After completing this module, students should be able to analyze and execute a manufacturing process, identify problems in the process, and redesign the process for improvement during a simulated manufacturing line. Note: This module is part of a modularized manufacturing technology curriculum created by the PSCME, found at www.pscme.org/educators.html.

2010-07-23

167

Co-op advertising models in manufacturer-retailer supply chains: A game theory approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the literature of cooperative (co-op) advertising, the focus of research is on a relationship in which a manufacturer is the leader and retailers are followers. This relationship implies the dominance of the manufacturer over retailers. Recent market structure reviews have shown a shift of retailing power from manufacturers to retailers. Retailers have equal or even greater power than a

Zhimin Huang; Susan X. Li

2001-01-01

168

Intergovernmental Cooperation in Illinois.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Intergovernmental cooperation in the State of Illinois is the topic of this handbook. Cooperation is examined as it relates to the six programmatic areas of concern to local governments. Brief sketches, case studies, and an inventory of intergovernmental ...

1976-01-01

169

Consortium Cooperation Versus Competition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study analyzes the trend toward increasing numbers and types of industrial cooperative ventures -- consortia. The patterns of industrial cooperation are identified and case studies of five R&D consortia are presented. Government's role in encouraging...

E. L. Gentsch

1990-01-01

170

Getting Cooperative Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the author's experiences incorporating cooperative learning strategies into a chemistry course. Includes information on organizing student working groups, preparing for and implementing cooperative activities, and helping students evaluate the effectiveness of their groups. (WRM)|

Obaya, Adolfo

1999-01-01

171

Cooperative Employee Compensation, 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report updates a 1993 study and looks at how education, cooperative function, and geography influence compensation of cooperative employees. Unlike the original report, this one addresses director compensation. Compensation varied from per diem and t...

B. L. Rotan

2001-01-01

172

Choosing the cooperative option  

SciTech Connect

Cooperatives do not ask to be exempted from the law. They do ask that laws and regulations be designed to allow them to meet the needs of their consumer-owners in accordance with cooperative principles, at a time that the marginal consumers being abandoned by for-profit utilities may be ready to gravitate toward cooperatives. The cooperative principles are worth reviewing because they explain the focus on the consumer and the cooperative concept of service: cooperatives are voluntary organizations, open to all persons able to use their services and willing to accept the responsibilities of membership; cooperatives are democratic organizations controlled by their members, who actively participate in setting policies and making decisions, the elected representatives are accountable to the membership; members contribute equitably to, and democratically control, the capital of their cooperative; cooperatives are autonomous, self-help organizations controlled by their members, if they enter into agreements with other organizations, including governments, they do so on terms that ensure democratic control by their members and maintain their cooperative autonomy; cooperatives provide education and training for their members, elected representatives, managers, and employees so they can contribute effectively to the development of their cooperatives, they inform the general public, particularly young people and opinion leaders, about the nature and benefits of cooperation; cooperatives serve their members most effectively and strength the cooperative movement by working together through local, national, regional, and international structures; and while focusing on member needs, cooperatives work for the sustainable development of their communities through policies accepted by their members.

English, G. (National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (United States))

1999-06-01

173

Advising People about Cooperatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides background and references for educational programs on cooperatives. Seven major topics are covered: Cooperatives Are Distinctive Business Corporations, Types of Cooperatives (such as agricultural, credit, housing, crafts, health, memorial association, fishing, forestry, recreation, labor, buying clubs, consumer, student, and

Kirkman, C. H., Jr.; Mohn, Paul O.

174

Cooperation on International Rivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally accepted that conflicting demands over international rivers will intensify. There is an active debate on whether this will lead to water wars or to unprecedented cooperation. Framing the debate in this manner, however, tends to cast the concept of cooperation as all-or-nothing, implying that cooperation is an extreme, in direct opposition to war. This conceptual construct obscures

Claudia W. Sadoff; David Grey

2005-01-01

175

Library Statistics Cooperative Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Library Statistics Cooperative Program collects statistics about all types of libraries--academic libraries, public libraries, school library media centers, state library agencies, federal libraries and information centers, and library cooperatives. The Library Statistics Cooperative Program depends on collaboration with all types of libraries

National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, Washington, DC.

176

Workflows and Cooperative Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workflows emphasize the partial order of activities, and the flow of data between activities. In contrast, cooperative processes emphasize the sharing of artefact, and its gradual evolution toward the final product, under the cooperative and concurrent activities of all the involved actors. This paper contrasts workflow and cooperative processes and shows that they are more complementary than conflicting and that,

Jacky Estublier; Sergio Garcia

2006-01-01

177

Learning to Learn Cooperatively  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cooperative learning, put quite simply, is a type of instruction whereby students work together in small groups to achieve a common goal. Cooperative learning has become increasingly popular as a feature of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) with benefits that include increased student interest due to the quick pace of cooperative tasks,

Byrd, Anne Hammond

2009-01-01

178

Implementing Cooperative Learning Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper identifies the bases and rationale for the concept of cooperative learning; describes the dynamics of the cooperative learning approach; and proposes methods that college faculty can use to enhance student motivation and learning. Cooperative learning is defined and is reported to have positive effects on student achievement, human

Lyons, Paul R.

179

Propulsion System Prognostics R&D Through the Technical Cooperation Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperation and coordination at the international level are key features of cost effective management of propulsion system R&D. The technical cooperation program fosters such efforts for military-directed work among agencies in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The general arrangements and opportunities of the program are discussed, for example the means to exchange data, equipment

Jeff W. Bird; A. Hess

2007-01-01

180

MOX fuel arrangement for nuclear core  

DOEpatents

In order to use up a stockpile of weapons-grade plutonium, the plutonium is converted into a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel form wherein it can be disposed in a plurality of different fuel assembly types. Depending on the equilibrium cycle that is required, a predetermined number of one or more of the fuel assembly types are selected and arranged in the core of the reactor in accordance with a selected loading schedule. Each of the fuel assemblies is designed to produce different combustion characteristics whereby the appropriate selection and disposition in the core enables the resulting equilibrium cycle to closely resemble that which is produced using urania fuel. The arrangement of the MOX rods and burnable absorber rods within each of the fuel assemblies, in combination with a selective control of the amount of plutonium which is contained in each of the MOX rods, is used to tailor the combustion characteristics of the assembly. 38 figs.

Kantrowitz, M.L.; Rosenstein, R.G.

1998-10-13

181

Sleeping Arrangements in Families with Twins  

PubMed Central

This paper describes home sleeping arrangements used by parents of twins and investigates whether room sharing (twins in the same room as parents) or cobedding (crib-sharing between twins) influences parental night time sleep duration or sleep quality. A secondary analysis of data obtained from a longitudinal study of sleep in 104 families with twins was undertaken. Over 65% of twins were cobedded at 4 weeks; this decreased to approximately 42% by 13 weeks of age. Approximately 64% of families practiced room sharing at 4 weeks, this decreased to approximately 40% by 13 weeks of age. Mothers and fathers who both room shared and cobedded their twins at 9 weeks of age were most likely to experience restricted sleep duration when compared to other sleeping arrangements. Results suggest that parents of twins may not be following the most recent AAP recommendations regarding safe infant sleep for multiple birth infants.

Damato, Elizabeth G.; Brubaker, Jennifer A.; Burant, Christopher

2012-01-01

182

US-Japan Cooperative Program on neutron scattering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US-Japan Cooperative Program on Neutron Scattering was implemented through arrangements by the United States Department of Energy with the Science and Technology Agency (STA) and the Ministry of Science, Education, and Culture (Monbusho) of Japan. It involves research collaboration in neutron scattering by Japanese scientists with scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and

M. K. Wilkinson; M. Blume; D. K. Stevens; M. Iizumi; Y. Yamada

1987-01-01

183

International Cooperation and Competition in Civilian Space Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report assesses the state of international competition in civilian space activities, explores United States civilian objectives in space, and suggests alternative options for enhancing the overall U.S. position in space technologies. It also investigated past, present, and projected international cooperative arrangements for space activities

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

184

Australia-New Zealand Defence Cooperation: Some Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

ustralia and New Zealand have a long history of defence cooperation (currently under the rubric 'Closer Defence Relations' or 'CDR') based on treaty arrangements, on shared values and on similar, although not identical, strategic outlooks. (Rolfe, 1995). Each country has always assumed that the other would come to its assistance in times of military threat. At times the relationship has

Jim Rolfe; Arthur Grimes

2002-01-01

185

Arrangement of gasoline converters and heat exchangers for various catalysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The arrangement suggested by Schappert for the combination of catalysts 6434 and 5058 in one stall, in which the B product was brought to the reaction temperature without a preheater, was tried out in three variations for its heat economy and then compared to the present arrangement. The various hook-ups for these arrangements were shown in sketches. Arrangement 1 which

Schappert

1937-01-01

186

Sharing arrangements in the nonprofit hospital industry.  

PubMed Central

The major task of this paper is to develop hypotheses about voluntary sharing arrangements (SAs) from a plausible economic analysis of the hospital industry. The second task of the paper is to review some emerging evidence about SAs. Our research suggests that some SAs could or actually do reduce hospital costs to the community. However, there are reasons which indicate that cost reduction is neither a necessary nor a sufficient result for the success of many SAs.

Friedman, B; Pierskalla, W; Beazoglou, T

1979-01-01

187

The affective remixer: personalized music arranging  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a real-time music-arranging system that reacts to immediate affective cues from a listener. Data was collected on the potential of certain musical dimensions to elicit change in a listener's affective state using sound files created explicitly for the experiment through composition\\/production, segmentation, and re-assembly of music along these dimensions. Based on listener data, a probabilistic state transition

Jae-woo Chung; G. Scott Vercoe

2006-01-01

188

Real-time, cooperative enterprises: management of changes and disturbances on different levels of production  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition of the four main R&D directions, i.e., adaptive manufacturing, digital manufacturing, knowledge- based manufacturing, and networked manufacturing, emphasised by the European initiative Manufuture, two additional requirements, i.e., the real-timeness and cooperativeness of production structures are also outlined in the paper, which are of high and increasing importance. The paper outlines the main results of a national R&D project

L. Monostori; J. Vncza; A. Mrkus; T. Kis; A. Kovcs; G. Erd?s; B. Kdr; J. Viharos

2005-01-01

189

Simulation system modeling for mass customization manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging rapidly as a new paradigm of the 21st century, mass customization manufacturing (MCM) systems possess some special characteristics that make the modeling of such systems extremely difficult. These characteristics include concurrency, synchronization, and cooperation among subsystems. Moreover, MCM emphasizes shortened product life-cycles, which means production lines have to be changed or reconfigured frequently. Highly flexible and re-configurable factories must

Guixiu Qiao; Charles McLean; Frank Riddick

2002-01-01

190

63 FR 30483 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement Concerning Reciprocal Arrangements for Exchanges of Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperation for the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the Government of the...Concerning the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, signed July 23, 1985...Concerning the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. I have determined that the...

1998-06-04

191

Improved shock-detection pin arrangement  

SciTech Connect

Shockwave speeds are often measured by comparing arrival times at the tips of electrical shorting pins in a hexagonal array over two elevations (called up and down). In the conventional arrangement, the center pin is solely responsible for measuring the curvature of the wavefront. Without this datum the shock speed cannot be precisely determined. In some experiments this pin fail frequently enough to be a problem. We report a simple rearrangement between up and down designated pins which eliminates the critical reliance on a single.

Erskine, D.J.

1995-08-01

192

Monitoring arrangement for vented nuclear fuel elements  

DOEpatents

In a nuclear fuel reactor core, fuel elements are arranged in a closely packed hexagonal configuration, each fuel element having diametrically opposed vents permitting 180.degree. rotation of the fuel elements to counteract bowing. A grid plate engages the fuel elements and forms passages for communicating sets of three, four or six individual vents with respective monitor lines in order to communicate vented radioactive gases from the fuel elements to suitable monitor means in a manner readily permitting detection of leakage in individual fuel elements.

Campana, Robert J. (Solana Beach, CA)

1981-01-01

193

Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine  

DOEpatents

An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the ends thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby inducing stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

Cyrus, Jack D. (Corrales, NM); Kadlec, Emil G. (Albuquerque, NM); Klimas, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01

194

Easy lease arrangements periled by Congress foes  

SciTech Connect

The safe harbor leasing provision that offers advantages to users of conservation equipment is threatened with a repeal retroactive to February 19, 1982. Lawyers are advising those who qualify to avoid the arrangements until the matter is settled because of the strong Congressional criticism. Objectors to the safe harbor provision claim it allows companies to sell tax benefits by leasing to companies with a higher tax burden at a revenue loss to the US Treasury. Supporters point out that it allows the leasing of limited use property, which true leasing discourages, and it gives the user the option of purchasing leased equipment. (DCK)

Cohn, L.

1982-03-08

195

Lean Manufacturers' Transcendence to Green Manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was administered to manufacturers recognized by the Shingo Prize as Lean to determine if they are transcending to a Greener state because of their commitment to Lean production. Results were compared with data published by Melnyk, et. al. (5) regarding the Greenness of over 1100 general manufacturing plants. The companies recognized by Shingo score significantly higher in Greenness

Gary G. Bergmiller; Paul R. McCright

2009-01-01

196

Blade Manufacturing Improvement: Remote Blade Manufacturing Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this program was to investigate manufacturing improvements for wind turbine blades. The program included a series of test activities to evaluate the strength, deflection, performance, and loading characteristics of the prototype blades. The original contract was extended in order to continue development of several key blade technologies identified in the project. The objective of the remote build task was to demonstrate the concept of manufacturing wind turbine blades at a temporary manufacturing facility in a rural environment. TPI Composites successfully completed a remote manufacturing demonstration in which four blades were fabricated. The remote demonstration used a manufacturing approach which relied upon material ''kits'' that were organized in the factory and shipped to the site. Manufacturing blades at the wind plant site presents serious logistics difficulties and does not appear to be the best approach. A better method appears to be regional manufacturing facilities, which will eliminate most of the transportation cost, without incurring the logistical problems associated with fabrication directly onsite. With this approach the remote facilities would use commonly available industrial infrastructure such as enclosed workbays, overhead cranes, and paved staging areas. Additional fatigue testing of the M20 root stud design was completed with good results. This design provides adhesive bond strength under fatigue loading that exceeds that of the fastener. A new thru-stud bonding concept was developed for the M30 stud design. This approach offers several manufacturing advantages; however, the test results were inconclusive.

ASHWILL, THOMAS D.

2003-05-01

197

[PICS: pharmaceutical inspection cooperation scheme].  

PubMed

The pharmaceutical inspection cooperation scheme (PICS) is a structure containing 34 participating authorities located worldwide (October 2008). It has been created in 1995 on the basis of the pharmaceutical inspection convention (PIC) settled by the European free trade association (EFTA) in1970. This scheme has different goals as to be an international recognised body in the field of good manufacturing practices (GMP), for training inspectors (by the way of an annual seminar and experts circles related notably to active pharmaceutical ingredients [API], quality risk management, computerized systems, useful for the writing of inspection's aide-memoires). PICS is also leading to high standards for GMP inspectorates (through regular crossed audits) and being a room for exchanges on technical matters between inspectors but also between inspectors and pharmaceutical industry. PMID:19152846

Mornas, J

2008-12-02

198

Manufacturing Extension Partnership Source for Manufacturers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located within the United States Commerce Department, the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) consists of not-for-profit centers whose "sole purpose is to provide small and medium sized manufacturers with the services they need to succeed." On their site, they provide access to a number of resources that support supply chain integration and also provide access to information about technology that will increase productivity. First-time visitors may wish to begin by looking over the "Success Stories" area, which tells about those manufacturers that have created useful partnerships through the program. Visitors who might be studying these types of manufacturers may wish to look at the "Economic Indicators" area of the site and the "Tools" section, which contain a number of e-business tools designed for these types of manufacturers. Additionally, visitors can also use an interactive map to find their local MEP Center.

199

Sprinkler arrangement for UiTM's stadium field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this paper is to study the arrangement of water sprinkler at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam stadium field. There are 35 number of sprinklers used with 7 5 arrangement. The current problem is that as there are too many sprinkler used, the overlapping area becomes too large and hence leads to waste. In order to minimize the number of sprinklers used as well as the overlapping area, new arrangement of sprinklers is proposed. The validity of the developed arrangement is tested by using Microsoft Excel and mathematical software, MAPLE 14. Finally, there are six possible arrangements that can be used to replace the current arrangement.

Abdullah, Nur Lina; Kadir, Norhidayah A.; Safaron, Saiful Bahri; Suder, Nurazeera Md; Omar, Nurul Wahidah

2013-09-01

200

COOPERATIVE RESEARCH IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE UNDER THE US-PRC (UNITED STATES-PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PROTOCOL  

EPA Science Inventory

The Atmospheric Sciences Research Laboratory's (ASRL) efforts in arranging cooperative research projects under the US-PRC Environmental Protection Protocol are described. Completed and ongoing projects are reported and projects now being negotiated are noted....

201

Cooperative Research in Atmospheric Science under the US-PRC (United States-People's Republic of China) Environmental Protection Protocol.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Atmospheric Sciences Research Laboratory's (ASRL) efforts in arranging cooperative research projects under the US-PRC Environmental Protection Protocol are described. Completed and ongoing projects are reported and projects now being negotiated are no...

W. E. Wilson

1987-01-01

202

Kinship and Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chagnons analysis of a well-known axe fight in the Yanomam village of Mishimishibwei-teri (Chagnon and Bugos 1979) is among the earliest empirical tests of kin selection theory for explaining cooperation in humans. Kin selection theory\\u000a describes how cooperation can be organized around genetic kinship and is a fundamental tool for understanding cooperation\\u000a within family groups. Previous analysis on groups of

Michael Alvard

2009-01-01

203

Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture  

SciTech Connect

Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (FM&T) engineers John Zimmerman and Tom Bender directed separate projects within this CRADA. This Project Accomplishments Summary contains their reports independently. Zimmerman: In 1998 Honeywell FM&T partnered with the Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) Cooperative Business Management Program to pilot the Supply Chain Integration Planning Prototype (SCIP). At the time, FM&T was developing an enterprise-wide supply chain management prototype called the Integrated Programmatic Scheduling System (IPSS) to improve the DOE's Nuclear Weapons Complex (NWC) supply chain. In the CRADA partnership, FM&T provided the IPSS technical and business infrastructure as a test bed for SCIP technology, and this would provide FM&T the opportunity to evaluate SCIP as the central schedule engine and decision support tool for IPSS. FM&T agreed to do the bulk of the work for piloting SCIP. In support of that aim, DAMA needed specific DOE Defense Programs opportunities to prove the value of its supply chain architecture and tools. In this partnership, FM&T teamed with Sandia National Labs (SNL), Division 6534, the other DAMA partner and developer of SCIP. FM&T tested SCIP in 1998 and 1999. Testing ended in 1999 when DAMA CRADA funding for FM&T ceased. Before entering the partnership, FM&T discovered that the DAMA SCIP technology had an array of applications in strategic, tactical, and operational planning and scheduling. At the time, FM&T planned to improve its supply chain performance by modernizing the NWC-wide planning and scheduling business processes and tools. The modernization took the form of a distributed client-server planning and scheduling system (IPSS) for planners and schedulers to use throughout the NWC on desktops through an off-the-shelf WEB browser. The planning and scheduling process within the NWC then, and today, is a labor-intensive paper-based method that plans and schedules more than 8,000 shipped parts per month based on more than 50 manually-created document types. The fact that DAMA and FM&T desired to move from paper-based manual architectures to digitally based computer architectures gave further incentive for the partnership to grow. FM&T's greatest strength was its knowledge of NWC-wide scheduling and planning with its role as the NWC leader in manufacturing logistics. DAMA's asset was its new knowledge gained in the research and development of advanced architectures and tools for supply chain management in the textiles industry. These complimentary strengths allowed the two parties to provide both the context and the tools for the pilot. Bender: Honeywell FM&T participated in a four-site supply chain project, also referred to as an Inter-Enterprise Pipeline Evaluation. The MSAD project was selected because it involves four NWC sites: FM&T, Pantex, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). FM&T had previously participated with Los Alamos National Laboratory in FY98 to model a two-site supply chain project, between FM&T and LANL. Evaluation of a Supply Chain Methodology is a subset of the DAMA project for the AMTEX consortium. LANL organization TSA-7, Enterprise Modeling and Simulation, has been involved in AMTEX and DAMA through development of process models and simulations for LANL, the NWC, and others. The FY 1998 and this FY 1999 projects directly involved collaboration between Honeywell and the Enterprise Modeling and Simulation (TSA-7) and Detonation Science and Technology (DX1) organizations at LANL.

Bender, T.R.; Zimmerman, J.J.

2001-02-07

204

Rapid small lot manufacturing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The direct connection of information, captured in forms such as CAD databases, In order to provide economical rapid fabrication of small numbers of variable products, one must design with manufacturing constraints in mind. In addition, flexible manufactur...

R. W. Harrigan

1998-01-01

205

Energy Use in Manufacturing  

EIA Publications

This report addresses both manufacturing energy consumption and characteristics of the manufacturing economy related to energy consumption. In addition, special sections on fuel switching capacity and energy-management activities between 1998 and 2002 are also featured in this report.

William Gifford

2006-08-14

206

Manufacturing Career Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Explore careers in Manufacturing with the following links to job descriptions, which include information such as daily activities, skill requirements, salary and training required. To learn more about the Manufacturing Industry, follow the related links below the career descriptions section.

2010-06-29

207

Enterprise Technologies Deployment for Agile Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

This report is intended for high-level technical planners who are responsible for planning future developments for their company or Department of Energy/Defense Programs (DOE/DP) facilities. On one hand, the information may be too detailed or contain too much manufacturing technology jargon for a high-level, nontechnical executive, while at the same time an expert in any of the four infrastructure fields (Product Definition/Order Entry, Planning and Scheduling, Shop Floor Management, and Intelligent Manufacturing Systems) will know more than is conveyed here. The purpose is to describe a vision of technology deployment for an agile manufacturing enterprise. According to the 21st Century Manufacturing Enterprise Strategy, the root philosophy of agile manufacturing is that competitive advantage in the new systems will belong to agile manufacturing enterprises, capable of responding rapidly to demand for high-quality, highly customized products.'' Such agility will be based on flexible technologies, skilled workers, and flexible management structures which collectively will foster cooperative initiatives in and among companies. The remainder of this report is dedicated to sharpening our vision and to establishing a framework for defining specific project or pre-competitive project goals which will demonstrate agility through technology deployment.

Neal, R.E.

1992-11-01

208

Enterprise Technologies Deployment for Agile Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

This report is intended for high-level technical planners who are responsible for planning future developments for their company or Department of Energy/Defense Programs (DOE/DP) facilities. On one hand, the information may be too detailed or contain too much manufacturing technology jargon for a high-level, nontechnical executive, while at the same time an expert in any of the four infrastructure fields (Product Definition/Order Entry, Planning and Scheduling, Shop Floor Management, and Intelligent Manufacturing Systems) will know more than is conveyed here. The purpose is to describe a vision of technology deployment for an agile manufacturing enterprise. According to the 21st Century Manufacturing Enterprise Strategy, the root philosophy of agile manufacturing is that ``competitive advantage in the new systems will belong to agile manufacturing enterprises, capable of responding rapidly to demand for high-quality, highly customized products.`` Such agility will be based on flexible technologies, skilled workers, and flexible management structures which collectively will foster cooperative initiatives in and among companies. The remainder of this report is dedicated to sharpening our vision and to establishing a framework for defining specific project or pre-competitive project goals which will demonstrate agility through technology deployment.

Neal, R.E.

1992-11-01

209

Tritium target manufacturing for use in accelerators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a neutron tube manufacturer, SODERN is now in charge of manufacturing tritium targets for accelerators, in cooperation with CEA/DAM/DTMN in Valduc. Specific deuterium and tritium targets are manufactured on request, according to the requirements of the users, starting from titanium target on copper substrate, and going to more sophisticated devices. A wide range of possible uses is covered, including thin targets for neutron calibration, thick targets with controlled loading of deuterium and tritium, rotating targets for higher lifetimes, or large size rotating targets for accelerators used in boron neutron therapy. Activity of targets lies in the 1 to 1000 Curie, diameter of targets being up to 30 cm. Special targets are also considered, including surface layer targets for lowering tritium desorption under irradiation, or those made from different kinds of occluders such as titanium, zirconium, erbium, scandium, with different substrates. It is then possible to optimize either neutron output, or lifetime and stability, or thermal behavior. .

Bach, P.; Monnin, C.; van Rompay, M.; Ballanger, A.

2001-07-01

210

33 CFR 67.05-1 - Arrangement of obstruction lights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Arrangement of obstruction lights. 67.05-1 Section 67.05-1 ...FIXED STRUCTURES General Requirements for Lights § 67.05-1 Arrangement of obstruction lights. (a) Structures having a...

2013-07-01

211

47 CFR 1.9020 - Spectrum manager leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Spectrum manager leasing arrangements. 1... GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures § 1.9020 Spectrum manager leasing arrangements....

2009-10-01

212

47 CFR 1.9020 - Spectrum manager leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Spectrum manager leasing arrangements. 1... GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures § 1.9020 Spectrum manager leasing arrangements....

2010-10-01

213

20 CFR 725.705 - Arrangements for medical care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Arrangements for medical care. 725.705 Section 725...SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Medical Benefits and Vocational Rehabilitation § 725.705 Arrangements for medical care. (a) Operator...

2013-04-01

214

27 CFR 8.23 - Third party arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Third party arrangements. 8.23 Section...Prohibited Practices § 8.23 Third party arrangements. Industry...with the industry member or the third party. For example, a supplier...

2013-04-01

215

48 CFR 1601.104-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Publication and code arrangement. 1601.104-1 Section 1601...SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 1601.104-1 Publication and code arrangement. (a) The FEHBAR and its...

2011-10-01

216

48 CFR 3001.105-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Publication and code arrangement. 3001.105-1 Section 3001...SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 3001.105-1 Publication and code arrangement. (a) The HSAR is published...

2011-10-01

217

48 CFR 2501.104-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Publication and code arrangement. 2501.104-1 Section 2501...SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 2501.104-1 Publication and code arrangement. (a) The NSFAR is published...

2011-10-01

218

48 CFR 1001.105-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Publication and code arrangement. 1001.105-1 Section 1001...SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 1001.105-1 Publication and code arrangement. The DTAR and its subsequent...

2011-10-01

219

48 CFR 1801.105-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Publication and code arrangement. 1801.105-1 Section 1801...SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 1801.105-1 Publication and code arrangement. (b)(i) The NFS is...

2011-10-01

220

48 CFR 1501.105-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Publication and code arrangement. 1501.105-1 Section 1501...GENERAL Purpose, Authority, Issuance 1501.105-1 Publication and code arrangement. The EPAAR will be published...

2011-10-01

221

48 CFR 42.503-1 - Postaward conference arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Postaward conference arrangements. 42.503-1 ...Orientation 42.503-1 Postaward conference arrangements. (a) The contracting officer who decides that a conference is needed is responsible...

2012-10-01

222

48 CFR 42.503-1 - Postaward conference arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Postaward conference arrangements. 42.503-1 ...Orientation 42.503-1 Postaward conference arrangements. (a) The contracting officer who decides that a conference is needed is responsible...

2011-10-01

223

37 CFR 1.77 - Arrangement of application elements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Arrangement of application elements. 1.77 Section 1.77 Patents, Trademarks...Specification § 1.77 Arrangement of application elements. (a) The elements of the application, if applicable, should...

2013-07-01

224

Concepts for Institutional Arrangements for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These concepts deal with establishing a framework for the analysis of institutional arrangements, with institutional arrangements under consideration in the working groups on fuel and heavy water availability, enrichment availability, assurances of long-t...

1979-01-01

225

26 CFR 1.7701(l)-1 - Conduit financing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Conduit financing arrangements. 1.7701(l)-1 Section 1.7701(l)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE...CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations § 1.7701(l)-1 Conduit financing arrangements. Section...

2013-04-01

226

Protection of Natural Resources Against Oil Spills by Boom Arrangements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An experiment and a computational approach were used to study flow fields around boom arrangements. A volume analysis was performed to quantify the effectiveness of the boom arrangements. The open-channel experiment showed that the booms were most effecti...

D. Guerrero K. F. V. Wong

2012-01-01

227

Workforce Development for Manufacturing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a recent skills gap report, the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) noted some disturbing trends in the gap between the demand for highly skilled manufacturing workers and the potential supply. The NAM report notes that smaller manufacturers rank finding qualified workers ahead of energy costs, taxes and government regulations on the

Bernard, Rosalie

2007-01-01

228

Designing using manufacturing features  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a design system that enables the composition of a part using manufacturing features. Features are selected from feature libraries. Upon insertion, the system ensures that the feature does not contradict the design-for-manufacture rules. This helps eliminating costly manufacturing problems. The system is developed as an extension to a commercial CAD/CAM system Pro/Engineer.

Szecsi, T.; Hoque, A. S. M.

2012-04-01

229

Arrangement for regulating supercharger air pressure  

SciTech Connect

An arrangement is described for regulating supercharger air pressure in a combustion engine operated with exhaust gas supercharge which is equipped with an exhaust gas turbosupercharger, consisting of a supercharger and an exhaust gas turbine. The regulating device is a valve controlling an exhaust gas bypass to the exhaust gas turbine. The valve has a pressure unit divided by a diaphragm into two chambers. One side of the diaphragm is charged with supercharger air pressure, and the other side is loaded by a spring. The two chambers are connected by a calibrated opening in the diaphragm. Another valve connects the chamber holding the spring to the atmosphere and has the form of a nonreturn ball valve. The preloading of the spring of the nonreturn ball valve may be adjustable.

Henke, U.; Meyer, R.

1980-12-02

230

Advanced programming techniques applied to Cgal's arrangement package  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arrangements of planar curves are fundamental structures in computational geometry. Recently, the arrangement pack- age of Cgal, the Computational Geometry Algorithms Li- brary, has been redesigned and re-implemented exploiting several advanced programming techniques. The resulting software package, which constructs and maintains planar arrangements, is easier to use, to extend, and to adapt to a variety of applications, is more efficient

Ron Wein; Efi Fogel; Baruch Zukerman; Dan Halperin

2007-01-01

231

48 CFR 228.304 - Risk-pooling arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Risk-pooling arrangements. 228.304 ...AND INSURANCE Insurance 228.304 Risk-pooling arrangements. DoD has established...Special Casualty Insurance Rating Plan, as a risk-pooling arrangement to...

2012-10-01

232

42 CFR 441.460 - Participant living arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Participant living arrangements. 441.460... § 441.460 Participant living arrangements. (a) Self-directed...that is owned, operated, or controlled by a PAS provider who is not...restrictions on a participant's living arrangements if they have...

2009-10-01

233

42 CFR 441.460 - Participant living arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Participant living arrangements. 441.460... § 441.460 Participant living arrangements. (a) Self-directed...that is owned, operated, or controlled by a PAS provider who is not...restrictions on a participant's living arrangements if they have...

2012-10-01

234

42 CFR 441.460 - Participant living arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Participant living arrangements. 441.460... § 441.460 Participant living arrangements. (a) Self-directed...that is owned, operated, or controlled by a PAS provider who is not...restrictions on a participant's living arrangements if they have...

2010-10-01

235

Battery fill-port seal arrangement for hermeticity leakage testing  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a seal arrangement for facilitating the leak testing of a hermetically sealed battery container having an opening in the battery container for receiving the seal arrangement. The seal arrangement comprises a mass of glass bubbles associated with the hermetic seal for functioning as a test gas holding means, and including an outer hermetic seal closing the battery container opening.

Howard, W.G.; Berberick, D.R.

1988-05-31

236

Permanent Arrangements for the Commercial Communication Satellite System of INTELSAT.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An outline is given of the basic provisions of the permanent arrangements for INTELSAT in relation to the interim arrangements of 1964. The report contains a summary of the 1964 arrangements, a summary of the history and organization of the plenipotentiar...

S. E. Doyle

1971-01-01

237

Mobile Robot Map Building Based on Grid Arrangement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Probability grid arrangement be used for mobile robot map building. It is expounded that the detailed process of mobile robot map building for which the grid arrangement be used. Application of Bayesian probability grid map has been introduced. Moreover, the process of mobile robot map building be simulated on VC++6.0 platform. The simulation results prove that grid arrangement for mobile

Bingfeng Wang; Shigang Cui; Li Zhao; Genghuang Yang; Xuelian Xu

2009-01-01

238

Cooperative Science Lesson Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers several elementary level cooperative science lesson plans. The article includes a recipe for cooperative class learning, instructions for making a compost pile, directions for finding evidence of energy, experiments in math and science using oranges to test density, and discussions of buoyancy using eggs. (SM)

Cooperative Learning, 1991

1991-01-01

239

The cooperative brain.  

PubMed

Cooperation is essential for the functioning of human societies. To better understand how cooperation both succeeds and fails, recent research in cognitive neuroscience has begun to explore novel paradigms to examine how cooperative mechanisms may be encoded in the brain. By combining functional neuroimaging techniques with simple but realistic tasks adapted from experimental economics, this approach allows for the discrimination and modeling of processes that are important in cooperative behavior. Here, we review evidence demonstrating that many of the processes underlying cooperation overlap with rather fundamental brain mechanisms, such as, for example, those involved in reward, punishment and learning. In addition, we review how social expectations induced by an interactive context and the experience of social emotions may influence cooperation and its associated underlying neural circuitry, and we describe factors that appear important for generating cooperation, such as the provision of incentives. These findings illustrate how cognitive neuroscience can contribute to the development of more accurate, brain-based, models of cooperative decision making. PMID:23300215

Stallen, Mirre; Sanfey, Alan G

2013-01-08

240

Grading Cooperative Problem Solving.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses aspects of cooperative problem solving that include the selection of appropriate problems and the grading of group and individual papers using an analytical scoring scale. Offers six tips for grading cooperative problem solving. An appendix provides solutions to cited problems, potential follow-up questions, and an annotated

Kroll, Diana Lambdin; And Others

1992-01-01

241

Cooperative learning revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

The endeavor to teach academic skills known as cooperative learningis of interest to behavioral educators due to its record of effectiveness, its use of behavioral procedures, and its relatively widespread adoption by regular educators. All forms of cooperative learning emphasize operations that encourage students to work together to achieve commonly held goals rather than competing with or ignoring the efforts

Saul Axelrod; R. Douglas Greer

1994-01-01

242

Cooperative Lesson Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative lesson plans are presented for the following: current events for middle and high school; lessons on group process for elementary school; cooperative collage making to summarize a unit; group thank-you letters after an excursion; a team-building/language development lesson; and a values lesson on "Goldilocks and the Three Bears." (JD)

Emerson, Joy; And Others

1990-01-01

243

Cooperation diversity through coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new user cooperation scheme for wireless communications in which we combine cooperation with existing channel coding methods. Simulation results show a significant improvement in the BER for both users, even when the channel between them is poor, or when they have significantly different channel qualities to the base station.

Todd E. Hunter; Aria Nosratinia

2002-01-01

244

Best Manufacturing Practices: Report of Survey Conducted at Polaroid Corporation, Waltham, MA.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report was produced by the Best Manufacturing Practices (BMP) program, a unique industry and government cooperative technology transfer effort that improves the competitiveness of America's industrial base both here and abroad. Our main goal at BMP i...

E. Renner

1997-01-01

245

Generative design drives manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reviews the collaboration that is being forced on Engineering and Manufacturing as they move from the manual translation of Engineering drawings toward automatic decoding of Product Data Definitions (PDDs), a pre-requisite to integrated manufacture. Based on case studies and implementation experience gained over the last decade, it defines the step-by-step evolution of a generative design capability that will drive manufacturing logic. It reviews the changing relationship of Engineering to Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering and the challenge this presents to manufacturing management in its struggle to remain competitive in both domestic and international markets.

Logan, Frank A.

1989-04-01

246

Culture and cooperation.  

PubMed

Does the cultural background influence the success with which genetically unrelated individuals cooperate in social dilemma situations? In this paper, we provide an answer by analysing the data of Herrmann et al. (2008a), who studied cooperation and punishment in 16 subject pools from six different world cultures (as classified by Inglehart & Baker (2000)). We use analysis of variance to disentangle the importance of cultural background relative to individual heterogeneity and group-level differences in cooperation. We find that culture has a substantial influence on the extent of cooperation, in addition to individual heterogeneity and group-level differences identified by previous research. The significance of this result is that cultural background has a substantial influence on cooperation in otherwise identical environments. This is particularly true in the presence of punishment opportunities. PMID:20679109

Gchter, Simon; Herrmann, Benedikt; Thni, Christian

2010-09-12

247

Building cooperative networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the cooperation problem in the framework of evolutionary game theory by using the prisoner's dilemma as a metaphor of the problem. By considering the growing process of the system and individuals with imitation capacity, we show conditions that allow the formation of highly cooperative networks of any size and topology. By introducing general considerations of real systems, we reduce the required conditions for cooperation to evolve, which approaches the benefit-cost ratio r for the theoretical minimum r=1 when the mean connectivity of the individuals is increased. Throughout the paper, we distinguish different mechanisms that allow the system to maintain high levels of cooperation when the system grows by incorporation of defectors. These mechanisms require heterogeneity among individuals for cooperation to evolve. However, the required benefit-cost ratio and heterogeneities are drastically reduced as compared to those required for static networks.

Gomez Portillo, Ignacio

2012-11-01

248

Arrangement of words using the last syllable thereof  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

An arrangement of words is provided wherein a multiplicity of words are arranged in sequential groupings with each sequential grouping having a plurality of words having the same last syllable and wherein the sequential groupings are arranged in alphabetical order in accordance with the last syllable and the plurality of words in each sequential grouping are arranged in alphabetical order. Also, a book having at least three sections is provided wherein the first section comprises a multiplicity of words arranged in alphabetical order; the second section comprises single-syllable words from the first section arranged in alphabetical order and the third section comprises the multi-syllable words from the first section arranged in accordance with the last syllable as described above.

1989-02-28

249

The living arrangements of children of immigrants.  

PubMed

Children of immigrants are a rapidly growing part of the U.S. child population. Their health, development, educational attainment, and social and economic integration into the nation's life will play a defining role in the nation's future. Nancy Landale, Kevin Thomas, and Jennifer Van Hook explore the challenges facing immigrant families as they adapt to the United States, as well as their many strengths, most notably high levels of marriage and family commitment. The authors examine differences by country of origin in the human capital, legal status, and social resources of immigrant families and describe their varied living arrangements, focusing on children of Mexican, Southeast Asian, and black Caribbean origin. Problems such as poverty and discrimination may be offset for children to some extent by living, as many do, in a two-parent family. But the strong parental bonds that initially protect them erode as immigrant families spend more time in the United States and are swept up in the same social forces that are increasing single parenthood among American families. The nation, say the authors, should pay special heed to how this aspect of immigrants' Americanization heightens the vulnerability of their children. One risk factor for immigrant families is the migration itself, which sometimes separates parents from their children. Another is the mixed legal status of family members. Parents' unauthorized status can mire children in poverty and unstable living arrangements. Sometimes unauthorized parents are too fearful of deportation even to claim the public benefits for which their children qualify. A risk factor unique to refugees, such as Southeast Asian immigrants, is the death of family members from war or hardship in refugee camps. The authors conclude by discussing how U.S. immigration policies shape family circumstances and suggest ways to alter policies to strengthen immigrant families. Reducing poverty, they say, is essential. The United States has no explicit immigrant integration policy or programs, so policy makers must direct more attention and resources toward immigrant settlement, especially ensuring that children have access to the social safety net. PMID:21465855

Landale, Nancy S; Thomas, Kevin J A; Van Hook, Jennifer

2011-01-01

250

Interim Report for EPA/EMA Cooperative Test Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Engine Manufacturers Association/Environmental Protection Agency (EMA/EPA) cooperative test program was initiated in May 1981 to analyze lab-to-lab variability in particulate emission measurements and to assess whether or not the large amount of trans...

A. Azary

1982-01-01

251

Globalization and human cooperation.  

PubMed

Globalization magnifies the problems that affect all people and that require large-scale human cooperation, for example, the overharvesting of natural resources and human-induced global warming. However, what does globalization imply for the cooperation needed to address such global social dilemmas? Two competing hypotheses are offered. One hypothesis is that globalization prompts reactionary movements that reinforce parochial distinctions among people. Large-scale cooperation then focuses on favoring one's own ethnic, racial, or language group. The alternative hypothesis suggests that globalization strengthens cosmopolitan attitudes by weakening the relevance of ethnicity, locality, or nationhood as sources of identification. In essence, globalization, the increasing interconnectedness of people worldwide, broadens the group boundaries within which individuals perceive they belong. We test these hypotheses by measuring globalization at both the country and individual levels and analyzing the relationship between globalization and individual cooperation with distal others in multilevel sequential cooperation experiments in which players can contribute to individual, local, and/or global accounts. Our samples were drawn from the general populations of the United States, Italy, Russia, Argentina, South Africa, and Iran. We find that as country and individual levels of globalization increase, so too does individual cooperation at the global level vis--vis the local level. In essence, "globalized" individuals draw broader group boundaries than others, eschewing parochial motivations in favor of cosmopolitan ones. Globalization may thus be fundamental in shaping contemporary large-scale cooperation and may be a positive force toward the provision of global public goods. PMID:19255433

Buchan, Nancy R; Grimalda, Gianluca; Wilson, Rick; Brewer, Marilynn; Fatas, Enrique; Foddy, Margaret

2009-03-02

252

Globalization and human cooperation  

PubMed Central

Globalization magnifies the problems that affect all people and that require large-scale human cooperation, for example, the overharvesting of natural resources and human-induced global warming. However, what does globalization imply for the cooperation needed to address such global social dilemmas? Two competing hypotheses are offered. One hypothesis is that globalization prompts reactionary movements that reinforce parochial distinctions among people. Large-scale cooperation then focuses on favoring one's own ethnic, racial, or language group. The alternative hypothesis suggests that globalization strengthens cosmopolitan attitudes by weakening the relevance of ethnicity, locality, or nationhood as sources of identification. In essence, globalization, the increasing interconnectedness of people worldwide, broadens the group boundaries within which individuals perceive they belong. We test these hypotheses by measuring globalization at both the country and individual levels and analyzing the relationship between globalization and individual cooperation with distal others in multilevel sequential cooperation experiments in which players can contribute to individual, local, and/or global accounts. Our samples were drawn from the general populations of the United States, Italy, Russia, Argentina, South Africa, and Iran. We find that as country and individual levels of globalization increase, so too does individual cooperation at the global level vis--vis the local level. In essence, globalized individuals draw broader group boundaries than others, eschewing parochial motivations in favor of cosmopolitan ones. Globalization may thus be fundamental in shaping contemporary large-scale cooperation and may be a positive force toward the provision of global public goods.

Buchan, Nancy R.; Grimalda, Gianluca; Wilson, Rick; Brewer, Marilynn; Fatas, Enrique; Foddy, Margaret

2009-01-01

253

Network modularity promotes cooperation.  

PubMed

Cooperation in animals and humans is widely observed even if evolutionary biology theories predict the evolution of selfish individuals. Previous game theory models have shown that cooperation can evolve when the game takes place in a structured population such as a social network because it limits interactions between individuals. Modularity, the natural division of a network into groups, is a key characteristic of all social networks but the influence of this crucial social feature on the evolution of cooperation has never been investigated. Here, we provide novel pieces of evidence that network modularity promotes the evolution of cooperation in 2-person prisoner's dilemma games. By simulating games on social networks of different structures, we show that modularity shapes interactions between individuals favouring the evolution of cooperation. Modularity provides a simple mechanism for the evolution of cooperation without having to invoke complicated mechanisms such as reputation or punishment, or requiring genetic similarity among individuals. Thus, cooperation can evolve over wider social contexts than previously reported. PMID:23261393

Marcoux, Marianne; Lusseau, David

2012-12-19

254

Cooperative quantum Parrondo's games  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coordination and cooperation are among the most important issues of game theory. Recently, the attention turned to game theory on graphs and social networks. Encouraged by interesting results obtained in quantum evolutionary game analysis, we study cooperative Parrondo's games in a quantum setup. The game is modeled using multidimensional quantum random walks with biased coins. We use the GHZ and W entangled states as the initial state of the coins. Our analysis shows that an apparent paradox in cooperative quantum games and some interesting phenomena can be observed.

Pawela, ?ukasz; S?adkowski, Jan

2013-08-01

255

Cooperative Learning and Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cooperative learning in its simplest sense is two or more students working together on an assignment. In an expanded definition, cooperative learning becomes an opportunity for students to interact with one another intellectually and socially under the guidance of the teacher. It allows students to work together toward common goals, beneficial for all learners within the group (Johnson, Johnson, and Holubec 1994). At its best, cooperative learning allows the teacher to become the "facilitator of learning" while the students, with the help of one another, become the directors of their own discovery and learning process.

Swango, C. J.; Steward, Sally B.

2003-01-01

256

Arranged selves: Role, identity, and social transformations among Indian women in Hindu arranged marriages  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study probes lived role and identity experiences narrated by three cohorts of North Indian urban women in Hindu arranged marriages. It has focused upon women in their 20s, 30s, and 40s, married in the early 2000s, 1990s, and 1980s, respectively. I used an integrated inductive framework that included Life Course, Symbolic Interactionism, and Narrative Identity to conceptualize the study.

Devika Chawla

2004-01-01

257

Robot Assistants as Simple and Effective Tools in Manufacturing Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

A safe and flexible co-operation between robot and operator may be a promising way to achieve better productivity at the manual workplace. Thus, robot assistants can be thought to be simple and effective tools in manufacturing environments for fetch and carry jobs, assembly, handling, machining, measuring etc. Key components and methods supporting these next generation robot systems are currently under

Martin Hgele; Walter Schaaf; Evert Helms

258

ECMT31 New Mexico Manufacturing Environmental Survey. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Technology Transfer and Training Initiative (ECMT3I) is a cooperative effort among education and research institutions in New Mexico to analyze problems in transferring environmental technologies from Department of Energy laboratories to small and medium enterprises (SME's). To identify and analyze

Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM.

259

Integration between manufacturers and third party logistics providers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this study is to analyse the extent of the integration between manufacturers and third party logistics (TPL) providers at present and how the integration is expected to develop in the near future. The focus is on studying what tasks are part of the cooperation, what information and communications technology (ICT) tools are used for support,

Ole Mortensen; Olga W. Lemoine

2008-01-01

260

Thin film transistor having a nano semiconductor sheet and method of manufacturing the same  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Provided are a nano semiconductor sheet, a thin film transistor (TFT) using the nano semiconductor sheet, and a flat panel display using nano semiconductor sheet. The nano semiconductor sheet has excellent characteristics, can be manufactured at room temperature, and has good flexibility. The nano semiconductor sheet includes: a first film and a second film disposed on at least one side of or inside of the first film, and includes a plurality of nano particles arranged substantially in parallel to each other. In addition, provided are a method of manufacturing a nano semiconductor sheet and methods of manufacturing a TFT and a flat panel display using the nano semiconductor sheet. The method of manufacturing a nano semiconductor sheet, includes: forming first polymer micro-fibers having a plurality of nano particles arranged substantially in parallel; preparing a first film; and arranging a plurality of the first micro-fibers on at least one side of or inside of the first film.

2013-01-01

261

Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacturing companies in the 21st Century will face unpredictable, high-frequency market changes driven by global competition. To stay competitive, these companies must possess new types of manufacturing systems that are cost-effective and very responsive to all these market changes. Reconfigurability, an engineering technology that deals with cost-effective, quick reaction to market changes, is needed. Reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMS), whose components

Y. Koren; U. Heisel; F. Jovane; T. Moriwaki; G. Pritschow; G. Ulsoy; H. Van Brussel

1999-01-01

262

Dryden Cooperative Education Program  

NASA Website

The NASA Dryden Flight Research Center Cooperative Education Program is designed to provide work experience for undergraduate and graduate college students who are pursuing degrees in fields related to Dryden research.

263

Cooperative Learning Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the effectiveness of cooperative learning on discipline problems, interdependence between students, and teacher-student interactions. Explains how to group students and introduces a laboratory activity on covalent and ionic bonds. (YDS)|

Pratt, Sandra

2003-01-01

264

Cooperative Learning in Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formal use of cooperative learning techniques proved effective in improving student performance and retention in a freshman level statistics course. Lectures interspersed with group activities proved effective in increasing conceptual understanding and overall class performance. (11 references) (Author)

Keeler, Carolyn M.; And Others

1994-01-01

265

The Cooperative Information Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Library Directors of Santa Clara County in July, 1972, organized the Cooperative Information Network (CIN), funded under the Library Services and Construction Act. The present CIN covers only information and reference services. CIN is composed of 83 l...

S. E. Choi

1973-01-01

266

Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory (MEL) is a division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Its function is to work with companies and perform research to improve manufacturing performance. Because of its broad scope, MEL has five divisions -- Precision Engineering, Manufacturing Metrology, Intelligent Systems, Manufacturing Systems Integration, and Fabrication Technology. The laboratory's homepage offers descriptions, research project information, conference and workshop times, and photo and movie galleries from various projects. There is also a link to an Engineering Metrology Toolbox used to "solve real problems in dimensional measurement."

2001-01-01

267

Non-cooperative Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-cooperative games are mathematical models of interactive strategic decision situations.In contrast to cooperative models, they build on the assumption that all possibilities for commitment and contract have been incorporated in the rules of the game.This contribution describes the main models (games in normal form, and games in extensive form), as well as the main concepts that have been proposed to

Eric E. C. van Damme

2000-01-01

268

Globalization and human cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalization magnifies the problems that affect all people and that require large-scale human cooperation, for example, the overharvesting of natural resources and human-induced global warming. However, what does globalization imply for the cooperation needed to address such global social dilemmas? Two competing hypotheses are offered. One hypothesis is that globalization prompts reactionary movements that reinforce parochial distinctions among people. Large-scale

Nancy R. Buchan; Gianluca Grimalda; Rick Wilson; Marilynn Brewer; Enrique Fatas; Margaret Foddy

2009-01-01

269

Introduction: Cooperation and Altruism  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This book is about the evolution and nature of cooperation and altruism in social-living animals, focusing especially on\\u000a nonhuman primates and on humans. Although cooperation and altruism are often thought to be simply remedies to competition\\u000a and aggression within groups or related to the action of selfish genes, there is increasing evidence that these behaviors\\u000a are the result of biological

Robert W. Sussman; C. Robert Cloninger

270

A Road Map for Success: How Northwest Manufactured Housing Conservation Efforts Revolutionized an Industry.  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of an ongoing Bonneville Power Administration effort to improve the energy efficiency of manufactured homes is chronicled in this informal history. Over the past nine years, Bonneville`s manufactured housing project has undertaken many activities, including technical studies, cooperative ventures, design studies, and information dissemination. These activities are covered.

Gilbertson, William L.

1993-04-01

271

Could co-op advertising be a manufacturer's counterstrategy to store brands?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a model to study the decision of a private level introduction for a retailer and its effects on the manufacturer. We investigate whether the manufacturer can counter the harmful effects of this introduction, if any, by implementing a cooperative advertising program. Our model accounts for prices and for local advertising undertaken by the retailer for the national brand.

Salma Karray; Georges Zaccour

2006-01-01

272

A two phase optimization method for Petri net models of manufacturing systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optimization is a key issue in the design of large manufacturing systems. An adequate modeling formalism to express the intricate interleaving of competition and cooperation relationships is needed first. Moreover, robust and efficient optimization techniques are necessary. This paper presents an integrated tool for the automated optimization of DEDS, with application to manufacturing systems. After a very quick overview of

A. Zimmermann; D. Rodriguez; M. Silva

2001-01-01

273

Support mechanism for a mirrored surface or other arrangement  

DOEpatents

An adjustment mechanism such as a three point spherical mount for adjustably supporting a planer mirror or other type of arrangement relative to a plane defined by a given pair of intersecting perpendicular axes is disclosed herein. This mechanism includes first means for fixedly supporting the mirror or other arrangement such that the latter is positionable within the plane defined by the given pair of intersecting perpendicular axes. This latter means and the mirror or other such arrangement are supported by second means for limited movement back and forth about either of the intersecting axes. Moreover, this second means supports the first means and the mirror or other arrangement such that the latter is not movable in any other way whereby the point on the mirror or other arrangement coinciding with the intersection of the given axes does not move or float, thereby making the ability to adjust the mirror or other such arrangement more precise and accurate.

Cutburth, Ronald W. (Tracy, CA)

1987-01-01

274

Cooperative heat transfer and ground coupled storage system  

DOEpatents

A cooperative heat transfer and ground coupled storage system wherein collected solar heat energy is ground stored and permitted to radiate into the adjacent ground for storage therein over an extended period of time when such heat energy is seasonally maximally available. Thereafter, when said heat energy is seasonally minimally available and has propagated through the adjacent ground a substantial distance, the stored heat energy may be retrieved by a circumferentially arranged heat transfer means having a high rate of heat transfer.

Metz, Philip D. (Rocky Point, NY)

1982-01-01

275

A game theoretical study of cooperative advertising with multiple retailers in a distribution channel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extant studies of cooperative advertising mainly consider a single-manufacturer-single-retailer channel structure. This can\\u000a provide limited insights, because a manufacturer, in real practices, usually deals with multiple retailers simultaneously.\\u000a In order to examine the impact of the retailers multiplicity on channel members decisions and on total channel efficiencies,\\u000a this paper develops a multiple-retailer model. In this model, the manufacturer and the

Jihua Zhang; Jinxing Xie

276

A Game-Theoretic Analysis for Coordinating Cooperative Advertising in a Supply Chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the coordination of cooperative advertising decisions in a supply chain with one manufacturer\\u000a and one retailer. The manufacturer and the retailer invest in national and local advertising, respectively. The manufacturer\\u000a also agrees to share part of the total local-advertising costs with the retailer. The model is analyzed using game theory.\\u000a We also compare the results

A. Ahmadi Javid; P. Hoseinpour

2011-01-01

277

Optimal support arrangement of piping systems using genetic algorithm  

SciTech Connect

The support arrangement is one of the important factors in the design of piping systems. Much time is required to decide the arrangement of the supports. The authors applied a genetic algorithm to find the optimum support arrangement for piping systems. Examples are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the genetic algorithm. Good results are obtained when applying the genetic algorithm to the actual designing of the piping system.

Chiba, T.; Okado, S.; Fujii, I.; Itami, K. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., Yokohama (Japan). Nuclear Power Div.; Hara, F. [Science Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)

1996-11-01

278

Optimal Winding Arrangements of a Bearingless Switched Reluctance Motor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Winding arrangements of a bearingless switched reluctance motor strongly influence the operation state of its power converters so much as the rotation and levitation of the motor. This paper proposes some optimal winding arrangements, which suit for a three-phase half-bridge converter or a three-phase four-leg converter. First, the optimal main winding arrangement is proposed. Then, this paper analyzes the influence

Gang Yang; Zhiquan Deng; Xin Cao; Xiaolin Wang

2008-01-01

279

Flexible roll forming with staggered arranged rollers for the large curved metal plates based on numerical simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel flexible roll forming method is proposed for manufacturing of large curved metal plates. By adjusting the position of three rows of staggered arranged rollers, a large curved metal plate is formed in an incremental way. In this paper, FE (finite element) model is established to analyze the stress-strain distribution of the deformed plates in the forming process. Based on the numerical simulation, the influence of the relative position between upper rollers and lower rollers on the dimensional accuracy of the large curved metal plate is studied. Comparison results show that roller arrangement has great influence on the dimensional accuracy of deformed plates, and process with staggered arranged rollers has the best dimensional accuracy.

Kong, Qingshuai; Yu, Zhongqi; Lai, Xinmin; Lin, Zhongqin

2013-05-01

280

Understanding and evaluating cooperative games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative design has been an integral part of many games. With the success of games like Left4Dead, many game designers and producers are currently exploring the addition of cooperative patterns within their games. Unfortunately, very little research investigated cooperative patterns or methods to evaluate them. In this paper, we present a set of cooperative patterns identified based on analysis of

Magy Seif El-Nasr; Bardia Aghabeigi; David Milam; Mona Erfani; Beth Lameman; Hamid Maygoli; Sang Mah

2010-01-01

281

PUBLIC DEFENDERS: DIMENSIONS OF COOPERATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research note is to expand current definitions of cooperation that describe relationships between prosecutors and public defenders. For the most part, studies have concluded that cooperation by public defenders indicates cooptation into the criminal justice system. In this note, it is argued that previous studies have viewed cooperation in terms of motivation and case outcomes. Cooperation

MICHAEL J. LICHTENSTEIN

1984-01-01

282

The cellular manufacturing evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since its introduction, the cellular manufactiring concept has considerably evolved. In the last few years, two new paradigms that inherit from the cellular manufacturing concept have been developed. These new paradigms consist of exploiting the potential offered by a virtual cellular organization and a dynamic cellular organization. These paradigms are a natural evolution of contemporary cellular manufacturing systems actually implemented

Jocelyn Drolet; Georges Abdulnour; Martin Rheault

1996-01-01

283

Computer Aided Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains course outlines in computer-aided manufacturing developed for a business-industry technology resource center for firms in eastern Pennsylvania by Northampton Community College. The four units of the course cover the following: (1) introduction to computer-assisted design (CAD)/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAM); (2) CAM

Insolia, Gerard

284

Simulation, manufacturing and graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The simulation of material movement, equipment location, operating and scheduling rules is a powerful tool for the design of state of the art automated manufacturing facilities. This paper describes a software system (AutoGram) that allows the designer of an automated manufacturing facility to easily construct a simulation model by graphically describing the system to be modeled. The designer selects from

Van B. Norman

1983-01-01

285

DARPA DICE Manufacturing Optimization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the Quarterly Technical Report for the DARPA DICE Manufacturing Optimization, The goal of the Manufacturing Optimization (MO) system is to facilitate a two tiered team approach to the product/process development cycle where the product design is a...

L. J. Lapointe T. Laliberty N. Toro R. V. Bryant

1992-01-01

286

DARPA DICE Manufacturing Optimization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the Quarterly Technical Report for the DARPA DICE Manufacturing Optimization, The goal of the Manufacturing Optimization (MO) system is to facilitate a two tiered team approach to the product/process development cycle where a product design is ana...

L. J. Lapointe R. F. Bryant

1993-01-01

287

Are buy-in/buy-out arrangements hurting group practice?  

PubMed

Historically, group practices engaged in expensive buy-in and buy-out arrangements for their physicians. These arrangements often served the group's original physicians well, but left newer physicians with little equity in the practice when the older physicians retired. Many groups are restructuring their buy-in and buy-out arrangements to account for both a physician's original financial contribution to the practice and the physician's share of patient receivables. Groups also are setting up qualified retirement plans that are separate from their buy-out arrangements. PMID:10179979

Calnan, J B

1998-06-01

288

48 CFR 2001.104-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...arrangement. 2001.104-1 Section 2001.104-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance...

2012-10-01

289

48 CFR 2001.104-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...arrangement. 2001.104-1 Section 2001.104-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance...

2011-10-01

290

Manufacturing Resource Optimization Deployment for Manufacturing Execution System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacturing execution system (MES) is put forward by advanced manufacturing research, and it's the management information system for workshop hierarchy, which is located between planning management system and industry controlling system. How to manage, share and allocate manufacturing resource is key problem for MES. The paper firstly introduces requirements of manufacturing resource allocation for MES application, and analyzes plant manufacturing

Laihong Du; Yadong Fang; Yanli He

2008-01-01

291

Aerospace Manufacturing Education (AME)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NSF funded Aerospace Manufacturing Education Project's mission is to "develop and disseminate curricula modules to enhance manufacturing technician and engineering programs in higher education with relevant aerospace manufacturing examples." The project is developing curricula modules to prepare manufacturing technology practitioners for the aerospace industry and increase the number of interested candidates for aerospace manufacturing jobs. Curricula modules are being developed and used by two-year colleges for student education and by industry for in-house training of employees. Visitors will find the downloadable curriculum modules (after a quick and free registration form) on the left side of the homepage, as well as further info about the project, its partners, and advisors.

2010-09-20

292

Cooperative Enzyme Experiment - AST.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Center for Disease Control (CDC), the New York State Department of Health, the College of American Pathologists, and 23 manufacturers of diagnostic products participated in an interlaboratory study to examine aspartate aminotransferase methodologies. ...

C. A. Burtis E. J. Sampson D. D. Bayse S. S. McKneally V. S. Whitner

1978-01-01

293

Determinants of Successful Cooperation in Agricultural Markets: Evidence from Producer Groups in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main question posed in the paper is why some cooperative arrangements in agricultural markets survive and succeed while\\u000a others fail. Data were collected from 62 Polish farmer cooperative organizations called producer groups. The main aim of those organizations was to organize joint sales of output produced individually by their members. Some of\\u000a the groups were functioning effectively while others

Ilona Banaszak

294

Economic Census 1997: Manufacturing, Industry Series. Beet Sugar Manufacturing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1997 Economic Census - Manufacturing covers all manufacturing establishments with one or more paid employees. Manufacturing is defined as the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. The assembly o...

1999-01-01

295

Synchrony and cooperation.  

PubMed

Armies, churches, organizations, and communities often engage in activities-for example, marching, singing, and dancing-that lead group members to act in synchrony with each other. Anthropologists and sociologists have speculated that rituals involving synchronous activity may produce positive emotions that weaken the psychological boundaries between the self and the group. This article explores whether synchronous activity may serve as a partial solution to the free-rider problem facing groups that need to motivate their members to contribute toward the collective good. Across three experiments, people acting in synchrony with others cooperated more in subsequent group economic exercises, even in situations requiring personal sacrifice. Our results also showed that positive emotions need not be generated for synchrony to foster cooperation. In total, the results suggest that acting in synchrony with others can increase cooperation by strengthening social attachment among group members. PMID:19152536

Wiltermuth, Scott S; Heath, Chip

2009-01-01

296

Cooper Pairs in Insulators?!  

SciTech Connect

Nearly 50 years elapsed between the discovery of superconductivity and the emergence of the microscopic theory describing this zero resistance state. The explanation required a novel phase of matter in which conduction electrons joined in weakly bound pairs and condensed with other pairs into a single quantum state. Surprisingly, this Cooper pair formation has also been invoked to account for recently uncovered high-resistance or insulating phases of matter. To address this possibility, we have used nanotechnology to create an insulating system that we can probe directly for Cooper pairs. I will present the evidence that Cooper pairs exist and dominate the electrical transport in these insulators and I will discuss how these findings provide new insight into superconductor to insulator quantum phase transitions.

Valles, James (Brown University)

2008-07-23

297

Non-Geographic Methods of Map Arrangement and Classification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the general consensus among map librarians, geographic area is not the only criteria by which maps can be arranged and classified. Map collections can also be arranged and classified by provenance, subject, or format depending upon the collection's scope, purpose, content, and physical condition. (21 references) (Author)|

Ehrenberg, Ralph E.

1973-01-01

298

Financial Arrangements and Relationship Quality in Low-Income Couples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the association between household financial arrangements and relationship quality using a representative sample of low-income couples with children. We detailed the banking arrangements couples utilize, assessed which factors relate to holding a joint account versus joint and separate, only separate, or no account, and

Addo, Fenaba R.; Sassler, Sharon

2010-01-01

299

Code Flexibility and Program Efficiency by Genericity: Improving Cgal's Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arrangements of planar curves are fundamental structures in computational geometry. We describe the recent developments in the arrangement package of Cgal, the Computational Geometry Algorithms Library, making it easier to use, to extend and to adapt to a variety of applications. This improved exibilit y of the code does not come at the expense of eciency as we mainly use

Efi Fogel; Ron Wein; Dan Halperin

2004-01-01

300

Highly ordered arrangement of single neurons in orientation pinwheels  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the visual cortex of higher mammals, neurons are arranged across the cortical surface in an orderly map of preferred stimulus orientations. This map contains `orientation pinwheels', structures that are arranged like the spokes of a wheel such that orientation changes continuously around a centre. Conventional optical imaging first demonstrated these pinwheels, but the technique lacked the spatial resolution to

Kenichi Ohki; Sooyoung Chung; Prakash Kara; Mark Hbener; Tobias Bonhoeffer; R. Clay Reid

2006-01-01

301

Take a Seat! Effectiveness of Elementary Classroom Seating Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the different types of seating arrangements (e.g., individual, dyad, groups) teachers commonly use and their overall effectiveness in an elementary classroom. Data was collected through observation during and after student teaching, surveys, and interviews with teachers and students. This research focused on the effectiveness of three common setting arrangements. Like most previous research studies, the emphasis is

Macey Lauren; Nillas

2005-01-01

302

Specular surface reconstruction for multi-camera corneal topographer arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel specular surface reconstruction approach developed for and used in an experimental multi-camera corneal topographer arrangement is presented in the paper. The tear-film coated, and therefore specular, corneal surface is mathematically reconstructed from the corneal images taken simultaneously by the calibrated cameras of the arrangement. The surface reconstruction is achieved by the joint solution of partial differential equations (PDE's)

Zoltan Fazekas; Alexandros Soumelidis; Andras Bodis-Szomoru; Ferenc Schipp

2008-01-01

303

Channel estimation techniques based on pilot arrangement in OFDM systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Channel estimation techniques for OFDM systems based on a pilot arrangement are investigated. Channel estimation based on a comb type pilot arrangement is studied through different algorithms for both estimating the channel at pilot frequencies and interpolating the channel. Channel estimation at pilot frequencies is based on LS and LMS methods while channel interpolation is done using linear interpolation, second

Sinem Coleri; Mustafa Ergen; Anuj Puri; Ahmad Bahai

2002-01-01

304

48 CFR 901.105-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Publication and code arrangement. 901.105-1 Section 901.105-1...SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 901.105-1 Publication and code arrangement. (a) The DEAR and its...

2011-10-01

305

48 CFR 501.105-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Publication and code arrangement. 501.105-1 Section 501.105-1...SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 501.105-1 Publication and code arrangement. The GSAR is published in the...

2011-10-01

306

48 CFR 1.105-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Publication and code arrangement. 1.105-1 Section 1.105-1...REGULATIONS SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 1.105-1 Publication and code arrangement. (a) The FAR is published...

2011-10-01

307

20 CFR 416.1413c - Arrangement for conferences.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Arrangement for conferences. 416.1413c Section 416... § 416.1413c Arrangement for conferences. (a) As soon as we receive a request for a formal or informal conference, we shall set the time, date...

2013-04-01

308

Children's Living Arrangements, Coresidence of Unmarried Fathers, and Welfare Receipt  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzed welfare receipt among children across alternative living arrangements. Findings suggest more variation in patterns of public assistance receipt than previously reported, and that these variations are affected by the presence of cohabiting fathers. Results argue for more precise indicators of children's living arrangements so that levels of welfare receipt among children are comparable. Indicators should categorize children

PETER D. BRANDON; LARRY BUMPASS

2001-01-01

309

14 CFR 29.1321 - Arrangement and visibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Arrangement and visibility. 29.1321 Section 29.1321 ...Installation § 29.1321 Arrangement and visibility. (a) Each flight, navigation...deviation from his normal position and line of vision when he is looking...

2010-01-01

310

14 CFR 25.1321 - Arrangement and visibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Arrangement and visibility. 25.1321 Section 25.1321 ...Installation § 25.1321 Arrangement and visibility. (a) Each flight, navigation...deviation from his normal position and line of vision when he is looking...

2013-01-01

311

14 CFR 29.1321 - Arrangement and visibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Arrangement and visibility. 29.1321 Section 29.1321 ...Installation § 29.1321 Arrangement and visibility. (a) Each flight, navigation...deviation from his normal position and line of vision when he is looking...

2009-01-01

312

14 CFR 29.1321 - Arrangement and visibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Arrangement and visibility. 29.1321 Section 29.1321 ...Installation § 29.1321 Arrangement and visibility. (a) Each flight, navigation...deviation from his normal position and line of vision when he is looking...

2013-01-01

313

14 CFR 25.1321 - Arrangement and visibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Arrangement and visibility. 25.1321 Section 25.1321 ...Installation § 25.1321 Arrangement and visibility. (a) Each flight, navigation...deviation from his normal position and line of vision when he is looking...

2009-01-01

314

14 CFR 25.1321 - Arrangement and visibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Arrangement and visibility. 25.1321 Section 25.1321 ...Installation § 25.1321 Arrangement and visibility. (a) Each flight, navigation...deviation from his normal position and line of vision when he is looking...

2010-01-01

315

Breakdown voltage of electrode arrangements in vacuum circuit breakers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prediction of HV strength of electrode arrangements in vacuum is complex. A comparison of experimental results from different labs is quite difficult, because they are influenced by a wide range of parameters like electrode material, surface finish, surface area, conditioning state of the surface and the geometry of the electrode arrangement. The aim of this work is to find

Ulf Schmann; Stefan Giere; Michael Kurrat

2003-01-01

316

Spatial arrangement of chains of magnetosomes in magnetotactic bacteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM\\/TEM) were used to investigate the spatial arrangement of chains of magnetosomes in cells of two morphologically different types of magnetotactic bacteria which possess at least two chains: Magnetobacterium bavaricum, and wildtype magnetic cocci. The TEM pictures show apparently very different arrangements of the chains within the cells. Stereo-micrographs obtained by tilting individual bacteria in

Marianne Hanzlik; Michael Winklhofer; Nikolai Petersen

1996-01-01

317

The Living Arrangement Dynamics of Sick, Elderly Individuals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We model the dynamics associated with living-arrangement decisions of sick elderly individuals. Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics? Parental Health Supplement, we construct the complete living-arrangement histories of elderly individuals in need of care. We use a simultaneous random-effects competing-risks model to analyze the impact of

Dostie, Benoit; Leger, Pierre Thomas

2005-01-01

318

14 CFR 1215.112 - User/NASA contractual arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false User/NASA contractual arrangement. 1215.112 Section 1215.112...Policy for Non-U.S. Government Users § 1215.112 User/NASA contractual arrangement. No service shall be provided...

2013-01-01

319

A Unit Cell Laboratory Experiment: Marbles, Magnets, and Stacking Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An undergraduate first-semester general chemistry laboratory experiment introducing face-centered, body-centered, and simple cubic unit cells is presented. Emphasis is placed on the stacking arrangement of solid spheres used to produce a particular unit cell. Marbles and spherical magnets are employed to prepare each stacking arrangement. Packing

Collins, David C.

2011-01-01

320

Additive Manufacturing Instructional Videos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two instructional videos from RapidTech, the National Center for Rapid Technologies, show types of additive manufacturing processes. The first video is 6:12 in length and describes "The 3D Printer Revolution" by explaining what 3D printing is, its advantages, and how it may drastically change manufacturing. The second video is 1:30 in length and titled "Manufacturing in Motion: First Survey on the 3D Printing Community." The video presents the results from survey questions in graph form.

2013-06-14

321

Subradiant Split Cooper Pairs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We suggest a way to characterize the coherence of the split Cooper pairs emitted by a double-quantum-dot based Cooper pair splitter (CPS), by studying the radiative response of such a CPS inside a microwave cavity. The coherence of the split pairs manifests in a strongly nonmonotonic variation of the emitted radiation as a function of the parameters controlling the coupling of the CPS to the cavity. The idea to probe the coherence of the electronic states using the tools of cavity quantum electrodynamics could be generalized to many other nanoscale circuits.

Cottet, Audrey; Kontos, Takis; Yeyati, Alfredo Levy

2012-04-01

322

Computers in Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advances in factory computerization (computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing) are reviewed, including discussions of robotics, human factors engineering, and the sociological impact of automation. (JN)

Hudson, C. A.

1982-01-01

323

Heliostat Manufacturing for.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a project by Science Applications International Corporation and its subcontractors Boeing/Rocketdyne and Bechtel Corp. to develop manufacturing technology for production of SAIC stretched membrane heliostats. The project consists of ...

C. Energy Products Division Sc

1998-01-01

324

Manufacture of triaminotrinitrobenzene  

SciTech Connect

Process studies were made on the preparation of triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB), an explosive of unusual insensitivity and high thermal stability. Reaction conditions and procedures were determined that allowed its practical manufacture in batch reactors on a 200-kg scale.

Benziger, T.M.

1981-01-01

325

Solar Thermal Manufacturing Activities  

EIA Publications

This report, Solar Thermal Collector Manufacturing Activities, providesan overview and tables with historical data spanning 2000-2009. These tables willcorrespond to similar tables to be presented in the Renewable Energy Annual 2009 andare numbered accordingly.

Michele Simmons

2010-12-01

326

Lean Manufacturing Engineering Certification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from Best Practice Research features online business training courses including lean manufacturing and six sigma certification training courses. The courses are available for purchase and may be taken online.

2012-12-10

327

Robotics in Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Industrial education today must address the basic skills necessary to control and understand the manufacturing process. Machining, welding, and a common-sense knowledge of mechanics are needed. (JOW)|

Johnson, Robert

1984-01-01

328

An examination of the Runs Test, Reverse Arrangements Test, and modified Reverse Arrangements Test for assessing surface EMG signal stationarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of the Runs Test, Reverse Arrangements Test, and modified Reverse Arrangements Test for assessing stationarity of surface electromyographic (EMG) signals. Five stationary signals were generated by custom programs written with LabVIEW programming software. These signals consisted of sine waves, sums of sine waves, and sums of sine waves and random

Travis W. Beck; Terry J. Housh; Joseph P. Weir; Joel T. Cramer; Vassilios Vardaxis; Glen O. Johnson; Jared W. Coburn; Moh H. Malek; Michelle Mielke

2006-01-01

329

Manufacturing tolerant topology optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present an extension of the topology optimization method to include uncertainties during the fabrication\\u000a of macro, micro and nano structures. More specifically, we consider devices that are manufactured using processes which may\\u000a result in (uniformly) too thin (eroded) or too thick (dilated) structures compared to the intended topology. Examples are\\u000a MEMS devices manufactured using etching processes,

Ole Sigmund

2009-01-01

330

Cooperating Answer Set Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a formalism for logic program cooperation based on the answer set semantics. The system consists of independent logic programs that are connected via a sequential communication channel. When presented with an input set of literals from its predecessor, a logic program computes its output as an answer set of itself, enriched with the input. It turns out that

Davy Van Nieuwenborgh; Stijn Heymans; Dirk Vermeir

2006-01-01

331

Combat or Cooperation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The best intentioned efforts of adults are often sabotaged by coercive climates of bullying among peers and conflict with adults. The solution is to create cultures where youth cooperate with authority and treat one another with respect. In this article, the authors stress the task of the staff to create a condition in which students see more

Tate, Thomas F.; Copas, Randall L.

2010-01-01

332

Superpower cooperation often overlooked  

SciTech Connect

At the conclusion of the Geneva summit in November 1985, President Reagan and General Secretary Gorbachev signed an Agreement on Contacts and Exchanges in Scientific, Educational, and Cultural Fields. Since details of the agreements must still be worked out, it remains to be seen whether these statements signal a new era of US-Soviet cooperation. Still, the lack of media or even official attention to these broad areas of agreement repeats a pattern that has contributed to the continuing pervasive hostility and mistrust between the two nations. There are understandable reasons for the tendency to concentrate on conflict and crises rather than cooperation. While a cooperative agreement may be noted by an occasional news story, it is outshone be the more flash newsworthiness of political confrontation. The author points to the considerable successes of past US/USSR wide-ranging agreements, and notes that cooperative activities must be reported and analyzed more fully to counteract distrust and to overcome outmoded ideologies. 6 references.

Jamgotch, N. Jr.

1986-02-01

333

Cooperative bimanual action  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an experiment on cooperative bimanual action. Right-handed subjects manipulated a pair of physical objects, a tool and a target object, so that the tool would touch a target on the object ( fig. 1). For this task, there is a marked specialization of the hands. Performance is best when the left hand orients the target object and the

Ken Hinckley; Randy F. Pausch; Dennis Proffitt; James Patten; Neal F. Kassell

1997-01-01

334

The Evolution of Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperation in organisms, whether bacteria or primates, has been a difficuilty for evolutionary theory since Darwin. On the assumption that interactions between pairs of individuals occur on a probabilistic basis, a model is developed based on the concept of an evolutionarily stable strategy in the context of the Prisoner's Dilemma game. Deductions from the model, and the results of a

Robert Axelrod; William D. Hamilton

1981-01-01

335

Clean Caribbean cooperative (CCC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clean Caribbean Cooperative (CCC) was formed by ten oil companies operating in the Caribbean Sea area to respond promptly and efficiently to oil spills which cause, or threaten to cause, pollution damage to beaches, harbors, offshore islands, and waters of the Caribbean. CCC resources are available to respond to spills within an area bounded by the coasts of Central

1979-01-01

336

Cooperative Electronics Program Credit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cooperative Electronics Program was developed through the joint efforts of Linn-Benton Community College (LBCC), West Albany High, and Lebanon High, all of which are in the Linn-Benton Education Service District serving Albany, Oregon. The project, which was undertaken in the spring of 1988, is intended to result in a program whereby high

Johnson, Wayne

337

The Power of Cooperation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In "The Power of Cooperation," Tony Nevin tells how the townspeople of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, are attempting to replicate a successful alternative-energy project in Samso, Denmark, where thinking about ways to reduce fossil-fuel use "became a kind of sport." Nevin says that thinking and acting locally helps people to identify and

Nevin, John A.

2010-01-01

338

Cooperative Biogas Production.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study of the feasibility of a cooperative biogas production in France is presented. The objectives were to minimize the constraints for the farmers, to mechanize in a simple manner the supply of agricultural wastes to the facility, to recover the proces...

F. Cayrol

1983-01-01

339

International Space Cooperation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

France has long been the U.S.'s closest partner in space exploration. For example, NASA has more active space cooperation agreements with France than any other country. NASA's first overseas representative was deployed to Paris in 1964. This position has ...

M. D. Griffin

2008-01-01

340

Farmer Cooperative Statistics, 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A survey of U.S. farmer cooperatives for calendar year 1981 showed a continuing upward trend in total business volume but a continuing decline in number of organizations and memberships. Total gross business and total net business volume are reported for ...

R. M. Richardson C. C. Adams K. C. DeVille F. E. Mahan E. J. Simmons

1983-01-01

341

Student Teaching Cooperative Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cooperative-based, continuous teacher education program at Castleton State College, Vermont focuses on the team approach in education. The teams include a) a college faculty core team; b) an institutional team with representatives from state departments, institutions of higher education, school districts, school boards, and the community; c)

Castleton State Coll., VT.

342

GEM detector conductor manufacturing experience  

SciTech Connect

Feasibility studies and manufacturing experience on the GEM Magnet superconductor are presented, including all components - NbTi strand, cable, conduit manufacture, cable pulling, and aluminum sheath application.

Martovetsky, N.N.; Pace, J.R.; Reardon, P.J.; Richied, D.E. [Superconducting Super Collider Lab., Dallas, TX (United States); Camille, R.J.; Marston, P.G.; Smith, B.A. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Fusion Center; Deis, G.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Bohanan, J.S.; Gertsen, J.H. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)] [and others

1994-10-07

343

Economic Census 1997: Manufacturing, Industry Series. Manufactured Home (Mobile Home) Manufacturing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1997 Economic Census - Manufacturing covers all manufacturing establishments with one or more paid employees. Manufacturing is defined as the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. The assembly o...

1999-01-01

344

FETC/EPRI BIOMASS COFIRING COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT  

SciTech Connect

This quarter much progress was made in promoting cofiring through the many FETC/EPRI backed projects. During January 1, 1998 to March 31st, 1998 significant contractual agreements were arranged for future testing and analyses of previous testing were conducted. Most notable was the analysis done on the testing run at the Tennessee Valley Authority?s Colbert Fossil Plant that showed no significant impacts to the plant boiler due to cofiring. Northern Indiana Public Service Company also identified Bailly #7 as the site of the next series of tests using their plants. Other work done on these projects primarily focused on continued cofiring development. This report summarizes the activities during the first quarter in 1998 of the FETC/EPRI Biomass Cofiring Cooperative Agreement. It focuses upon reporting the results of testing in order to highlight the progress at utilities.

D. TILLMAN; E. HUGHES

1998-08-01

345

A Course of Study in Cooperation and Cooperatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for teachers with limited experience in cooperatives, this course of study was prepared by seminar students for use in high school or adult education programs, and emphasizes the principles of cooperation, the operation and management of cooperatives, and the communication required for their effective functioning. Units requiring a total

Bjoraker, Walter T., Ed.

346

Optical fiber arrangement of optical topography for spatial resolution improvement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In medical instrumentation, optical topography (OT) refers to the use of near-infrared spectroscopy for measuring brain function in systems. Arrays of optical fibers are attached to the scalps of subjects; infrared light is passed through the fibers, and changes in the reflections depict blood-volume changes in the cortex. In this study, the spatial resolution and locational accuracy of topographical images obtained by three arrangements of optical fibers was analyzed through simulation. Three arrangements, a "lattice arrangement" (LA), "double-density arrangement" (DA), and "quadruple density arrangement" (QA) were investigated. The density of spatial-sapling points is higher in the DA and QA than in the LA, i.e. the distance between sampling points for these arrangements were 21, 15 and 11 mm, respectively. The efficacy of these arrangements was evaluated. An adult head-structure phantom was prepared. The absorption coefficient in the phantom was varied to simulate brain activation in the cortex, and the resulting absorbance change (?OD) was thus obtained. The activated" area in the overall measurement area was fixed and the ?OD at each of the sampling point in each arrangement was obtained. The resulting distributions of ?OD were spatially interpolated to obtain topographical images. The spatial resolution and locational accuracy was obtained for each of the images; the results indicated that the DA is the most efficacious of the three arrangements. An experimental DA-OT system was then built. Topographical images of motor-function activation obtained by this system and a commercial LA-based system were compared; the DA-OT system provided the higher spatial resolution.

Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Okada, Eiji; Kawaguchi, Fumio; Maki, Atsushi; Yamada, Yukio; Koizumi, Hideaki

2003-07-01

347

Tortilla Manufacturing: 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing Industry Series  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Commerce Census Bureau has released the few in a series of several hundred reports on individual industries in the manufacturing sector from the 1997 Economic Census. According to the 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series on Tortilla Manufacturing, over half of all US tortilla manufacturers are located in Texas and California.

1999-01-01

348

Setting manufacturing strategy for a company's international manufacturing network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacturing strategy is a plan for moving a company from where it is to where it wants to be. Determining the best manufacturing strategy is not easy because of the wide range of choices and constraints a company faces. Manufacturing strategy frameworks or models are helpful because they identify the objects that comprise manufacturing strategy and organise these objects into

John Miltenburg

2009-01-01

349

1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series: Ice Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This data from the US Department of Commerce Census Bureau constitutes the one of the first in a series of several hundred reports on individual industries in the manufacturing sector from the 1997 Economic Census. According to the 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series on Ice Manufacturing, Texas expended the most on ice manufacturing in 1997.

350

Towards a cooperating autonomous car  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the main challenges in engineering a cooperating autonomous car (we will refer to it as a CoopACar), presents possible approaches to the problem, and briefly describes a Cooperating Cars Simulator we are currently developing

Paulo Sousa; Paulo Ver issimo

2002-01-01

351

Farmer Cooperatives' Financial Profile, 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study is based on a survey of the financial characteristics of U.S. farmer cooperatives at the end of their 1997 fiscal years. Useful financial information is provided to cooperative managers, directors, educators, and others interested in cooperativ...

R. C. Rathbone R. A. Wissman

2000-01-01

352

Strengthening Ethics Within Agricultural Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Cooperatives as distinct forms of business rely upon members to work together towards collective goals. Trust lies at the heart of cooperation and provides the basis for communication that is essential for members to seek mutual benefit. This report expla...

P. Lasley C. Phillip R. Deiter P. Hipple

1997-01-01

353

Agronomy Operations of Local Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report examines the sales and sales methods that local cooperatives used to sell agricultural chemicals and fertilizers and how these factors affected the cooperatives' sales of these products from 1983 through 1988. Data gathered through a special su...

J. R. Dunn B. L. Rotan E. E. Eversull

1993-01-01

354

Essays on Cooperation and Competition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Understanding the basic concepts of cooperation and competition is fundamental to understanding economic and social behavior. These essays explore two somewhat different areas in which cooperation and competition play a role. This dissertation explores ho...

B. G. Linster

1990-01-01

355

Member Control of Farmer Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Member control remains one of the basic principles of cooperation. As cooperatives increase in size, both in terms of membership and assets, important public policy issues arise concerning whether farmer-members are actually in control of their organizati...

R. D. Boynton H. T. Elitzak

1982-01-01

356

Cooperative control of UAV rendezvous  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cooperative control of timing and synchronization of tasks of multiple unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) represents a valuable capability for a wide range of potential multi-UAV missions. This research addresses the specific problem of cooperative rendezvous in which multiple UAVs are to arrive at their targets simultaneously. The development of a rendezvous manager state machine and a cooperative control decomposition

T. W. McLain; Phillip R. Chandler; Steven Rasmussen; Meir Pachter

2001-01-01

357

Cooperative Learning in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A methodology that has not received as much attention in the physical education setting as in other subject areas is cooperative learning. Cooperative learning has been used for many years in math, science, and history, but not until recently has the concept been applied to physical education. Research conducted on cooperative learning has shown

Hannon, James C.; Ratliffe, Thomas

2004-01-01

358

Cooperative learning and group contingencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the similarities and differences between cooperative learning and group contingencies. Cooperative learning refers to any methods in which students work together to help one another learn, while group contingencies refer to rewarding students based on the performance of a group. Research on the achievement effects of cooperative learning finds that these methods are effective primarily when they

Robert E. Slavin

1991-01-01

359

Community College LRC Cooperative Efforts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In times of greater competition for financial support among educational institutions and public service agencies, cooperation among such organizations takes on increased importance. Using data gathered from a written questionnaire, this national study addresses itself to the cooperative efforts undertaken by community collegc LRCs with other area libraries and non-library agencies. In both categories, kinds of cooperative activities, types of

Ruth J. Person

1985-01-01

360

Cooperative Learning. JALT Applied Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is a collection of papers focused on a single theme, cooperative learning, written by classroom teachers of varying experience levels. This book introduces cooperative learning and gives examples of cooperative learning activities, units, and systems created by teachers in Japan, The United States, and Canada, who are currently using

Kluge, David, Ed.; McGuire, Steve, Ed.; Johnson, David, Ed.

361

Cooperation and Competition as Partners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review addresses the manifestations and consequences of interpersonal cooperation and competition in interdependent, organizational settings. It challenges the applicability of Deutsch's (1949, 1973) game-based cooperationcompetition theory. Rather than separate motives and separate behaviours having separate effects, cooperation and competition seem to refer to entwined motives and behaviours moderating each other's impact on dyadic or group effectiveness. The field of

Evert Van de Vliert

1999-01-01

362

14 CFR 23.1321 - Arrangement and visibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NORMAL, UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Instruments: Installation § 23.1321 Arrangement and...airplane's flight path and these instruments with minimum head and eye movement. The powerplant instruments for these...

2013-01-01

363

13. Photo copy of drawing, Feb. 5, 1912. ARRANGEMENT OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Photo copy of drawing, Feb. 5, 1912. ARRANGEMENT OF POWER HOUSE EQUIPMENT. Drawing No. 9053. Facilities Engineering, Army Materials Technology Laboratory, Watertown, Massachusetts. - Watertown Arsenal, Building No. 60, Arsenal Street, Watertown, Middlesex County, MA

364

12. Photo copy of drawing, Feb. 5, 1912. ARRANGEMENT OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Photo copy of drawing, Feb. 5, 1912. ARRANGEMENT OF POWER HOUSE EQUIPMENT. Drawing No. 9053. Facilities Engineering, Army Materials Technology Laboratory, Watertown, Massachusetts. - Watertown Arsenal, Building No. 60, Arsenal Street, Watertown, Middlesex County, MA

365

Three Essays on Health Insurance Arrangements Among Married Couples.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine health insurance arrangements among married couples. There are many studies in empirical health economics on medical care utilization and health insurance, but virtually all of these studies consider...

D. M. Zimmer

2004-01-01

366

48 CFR 2501.104-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...arrangement. 2501.104-1 Section 2501.104-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GENERAL FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 2501.104-1 Publication...

2012-10-01

367

14 CFR 399.5 - Arrangement of policy statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Arrangement of policy statements. 399.5 Section 399.5 ...OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) POLICY STATEMENTS STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY Applicability and Effects of Policy...

2013-01-01

368

22. INTERIOR OF BEDROOM NO. 1 SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF CASEMENT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. INTERIOR OF BEDROOM NO. 1 SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF CASEMENT WINDOWS AROUND NORTH CORNER OF ROOM. VIEW TO NORTH. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 4, Worker Cottage, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

369

7. EXTERIOR DETAIL OF CASEMENT WINDOW ARRANGEMENT AND ORIGINAL WOODSHINGLE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. EXTERIOR DETAIL OF CASEMENT WINDOW ARRANGEMENT AND ORIGINAL WOOD-SHINGLE SIDING INSIDE SCREENED-IN PORCH. VIEW TO WEST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 4, Worker Cottage, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

370

48 CFR 47.305-13 - Transit arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...privileges. (1) Transit arrangements permit the stopping of a carload or truckload shipment at a specific intermediate point en route to the final destination for storage, processing, or other purposes, as specified in carrier tariffs or rate...

2012-10-01

371

48 CFR 47.305-13 - Transit arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...privileges. (1) Transit arrangements permit the stopping of a carload or truckload shipment at a specific intermediate point en route to the final destination for storage, processing, or other purposes, as specified in carrier tariffs or rate...

2011-10-01

372

29 CFR 780.126 - Contract arrangements for raising poultry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT General Scope of Agriculture Raising of Livestock, Bees, Fur-Bearing Animals, Or Poultry § 780.126 Contract arrangements for raising poultry. Feed dealers and...

2013-07-01

373

45 CFR 400.72 - Arrangements for employability services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for...arrangements as are necessary to enable refugees to meet the requirements of, and...

2011-10-01

374

45 CFR 400.72 - Arrangements for employability services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...400.72 Public Welfare OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for...arrangements as are necessary to enable refugees to meet the requirements of, and...

2012-10-01

375

13. Oblique view of south side showing window arrangement, note ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Oblique view of south side showing window arrangement, note kitchen addition at back left of photograph; view to west. - Rebecca S. Marriott Cabin, Big Springs Summer Home Area, Lot 1, Block L, Island Park, Fremont County, ID

376

14 CFR 125.125 - Pressure cross-feed arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Requirements § 125.125 Pressure cross-feed arrangements. (a) Pressure cross-feed lines may...provisions for relieving excessive pressures that may result from exposure of the isolated line to high...

2013-01-01

377

14 CFR 121.227 - Pressure cross-feed arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Requirements § 121.227 Pressure cross-feed arrangements. (a) Pressure cross-feed lines may not...provisions for relieving excessive pressures that may result from exposure of the isolated line to high...

2013-01-01

378

Review of Federal Family-Friendly Workplace Arrangements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is Office of Personnel Management's (OPM's) response to a Congressional request for an update on the implementation of family-friendly workplace arrangements. The report presents: (1) survey data collected from 61 agency personnel offices; and...

1999-01-01

379

33 CFR 67.05-1 - Arrangement of obstruction lights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...05-1 Arrangement of obstruction lights. (a) Structures having a...be required to have one obstruction light visible for 360°. (b) Structures...required to have two obstruction lights installed on diagonally...

2010-07-01

380

33 CFR 67.05-1 - Arrangement of obstruction lights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...05-1 Arrangement of obstruction lights. (a) Structures having a...be required to have one obstruction light visible for 360°. (b) Structures...required to have two obstruction lights installed on diagonally...

2009-07-01

381

An experimental investigation into the efficiency of cooperative learning with consideration of multiple grouping criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study conducts an experimental investigation to compare the efficiency of the cooperative learning method with that of the traditional learning method. A total of 42 engineering students are randomly assigned to the two learning conditions and are formed into mixed-ability groups comprising three team members. In addition to the regular daytime classes, homework sessions are arranged such that

C.-M. Hsiung

2010-01-01

382

International Cooperation in Energy Policy: Impacts on Development in Third World Nations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Arranged into four parts, the paper discusses the importance of international and institutional cooperation and the appropriate use of technology in the search for new and renewable energy sources. The first part of the paper discusses the inevitable depletion of the world's oil supply, the increasing interdependency of nations, the implications

Preda, Michael A.; Hudspeth, Ernest M., Jr.

383

Gate Keeping or Bridge Building? - Cooperation, Learning and Boundary Working in a Cross Media Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on a case study of an organization that is changing its focus from a traditional news media to cross-media news production. In conjunction with this change of focus, the organization has changed its physical work arrangements, its use of physical space, as well as its organizational structure. Cooperation across media, and learning to bridge between media

Stinne Aalkke; Eva Bjerrum; Susanne Bdker; Anja Bechmann Petersen

384

Cooperative agreements and the EU Water Framework Directive in conjunction with the Common Agricultural Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the significance of voluntary arrangements for the water and agricultural policies in the European Union. The current implementation of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) and the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) require new approaches in water management. As many case studies have shown, co-operative agreements (CAs) between water companies, farmers and authorities can help

I. Heinz

2007-01-01

385

Cooperative agreements and the EU Water Framework Directive in conjunction with the Common Agricultural Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the significance of voluntary arrangements for the water and agricultural policies in the European Union. The current implementation of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) and the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) require new approaches in water management. As many case studies have shown, co-operative agreements (CAs) between water companies, farmers and authorities can help

I. Heinz

2008-01-01

386

Economic Integration and Regional Cooperation in East Asia - A Pragmatic View  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intra-regional trade and investment among the ASEAN+3 countriesand the entire East Asiahas been progressing at a robust pace over the past 25 years. The process of economic integration could be aptly described as regionalization or marketdriven integration. In contrast, the European Union has followed regionalism which refers to formal economic cooperation and economic arrangements. Over the past decade, efforts at

Josef T. Yap

2005-01-01

387

Manufacturing performance: evaluation and determinants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose Many studies examine manufacturing performance along individual benchmarking dimensions. This study aims to develop a performance metric based on quality and output volume among other variables to assess a firm's manufacturing competitiveness in relation to its major rivals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach The relative manufacturing performance is measured by data envelopment analysis (DEA). Several key manufacturing practices are examined for

Chien Leachman; C. Carl Pegels; Seung Kyoon Shin

2005-01-01

388

Virtual spaces and virtual manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents new problems linked to the increasing use of virtual spaces in the building of new types of manufacturing, currently known as virtual manufacturing (VM). VM has many consequences in the activity of industrial companies whatever the size, economic sector or geographical area. Particular attentions are paid to virtual spaces, manufacturing and collaboration, skills matrix and manufacturability, CAD

N. Kraiem

2001-01-01

389

A Taxonomy of Manufacturing Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and analysis of a numerical taxonomy of manufacturing strategies. The taxonomy was developed with standard methods of cluster analysis, and is based on the relative importance attached to eleven competitive capabilities defining the manufacturing task of 164 large American manufacturing business units. Three distinct clusters of manufacturing strategy groups were observed. Though there is an

Jeffrey G. Miller; Aleda V. Roth

1994-01-01

390

Squaring cooperative binding circles  

PubMed Central

The cooperative binding effects of viologens and pyridines to a synthetic bivalent porphyrin receptor are used as a model system to study how the magnitudes of these effects relate to the experimentally obtained values. The full thermodynamic and kinetic circles concerning both activation and inhibition of the cage of the receptor for the binding of viologens were measured and evaluated. The results strongly emphasize the apparent character of measured binding and rate constants, in which the fractional saturation of receptors with other guests is linearly expressed in these constants. The presented method can be used as a simple tool to better analyze and comprehend the experimentally observed kinetics and thermodynamics of natural and artificial cooperative systems.

Deutman, Alexander B. C.; Monnereau, Cyrille; Moalin, Mohamed; Coumans, Ruud G. E.; Veling, Nico; Coenen, Michiel; Smits, Jan M. M.; de Gelder, Rene; Elemans, Johannes A. A. W.; Ercolani, Gianfranco; Nolte, Roeland J. M.; Rowan, Alan E.

2009-01-01

391

Periodicity of hyperplane arrangements with integral coefficients modulo positive integers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study central hyperplane arrangements with integral coefficients modulo positive integers q. We prove that the cardinality of the complement of the hyperplanes is a quasi-polynomial in two ways, first via the theory\\u000a of elementary divisors and then via the theory of the Ehrhart quasi-polynomials. This result is useful for determining the\\u000a characteristic polynomial of the corresponding real arrangement. With

Hidehiko Kamiya; Akimichi Takemura; Hiroaki Terao

2008-01-01

392

Cooperating on superconductivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results to date of a cooperative effort begun by AT&T, IBM, and MIT, called the Consortium for Superconducting Electronics (CSE), are reviewed. The goal is to bring high-temperature superconductivity to market rapidly. Of primary importance in these early years is the CSE's materials and processing program, which develops and evaluates substrate materials and film-deposition techniques for specific applications. Programs

R. W. Ralston; M. A. Kastner; W. J. Gallagher; B. Batlogg

1992-01-01

393

Active and Cooperative Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website emphasizes the strength of active learning, in which students solve problems on their own, and cooperative learning, in which students work in teams on problems under conditions that assure both positive interdependence and individual accountability, over a teacher-centered approach. It provides a list of the work of Dr. R.M. Felder, who has published extensively on this subject, as well as links to related online resources.

Felder, Richard M.; University, North C.

394

International pollution control: Cooperative versus noncooperative strategies  

SciTech Connect

International pollution control involving two neighboring countries is modeled as a simple two-player dynamic game. Each country produces a good that is consumed by domestic households. Production of each consumption good results in emissions of pollutants. Households in each country derive utility from the consumption of the domestically produced good but incur costs through the total stock of pollution (stock externality). In this setting we characterize cooperative as well as noncooperative pollution control strategies of the governments of the two countries that maximize the discounted stream of net benefits of a representative consumer. It turns out that when the governments are restricted to use linear strategies noncooperative behavior results in overall losses for both countries. If, on the contrary, governments use nonlinear Markov-perfect strategies and the discount rate is small enough a Pareto-efficient steady-state pollution stock can be supported as a differentiable subgame-perfect equilibrium. Thus, the emergence of first-best solutions (cooperative outcomes) does not require any institutional arrangements (threats, retaliation, etc.) but can be brought about through the use of nonlinear Markov-perfect equilibrium strategies. 20 refs., 1 tab.

Dockner, E.J. (Vienna Univ. of Economics and B.A. (Austria)); Van Long, N. (McGill Univ., Montreal, Quebec (Canada))

1993-07-01

395

The cooperative shift change: an illustration using air traffic control  

Microsoft Academic Search

We define the cooperative shift change and consider it from the perspective of four phases identified in Grusenmeyer (International Journal of Human Factors in Manufacturing, 5, 163176, 1995): end-of-shift, arrival, meeting, and taking post. We describe the differences expected for the phases for both outgoing and incoming operators, discuss various domains that differ in their shift-change profile, and consider why

F. T. Durso; J. M. Crutchfield; C. M. Harvey

2007-01-01

396

49 CFR 11.114 - Cooperative research.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Cooperative research. 11.114 Section...Transportation PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 11.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research...conduct of cooperative research projects, each...rights and welfare of human subjects and...

2011-10-01

397

45 CFR 690.114 - Cooperative research.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Cooperative research. 690.114 ...FOUNDATION PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 690.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research...conduct of cooperative research projects, each...rights and welfare of human subjects and...

2011-10-01

398

ATS materials/manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

The Materials/Manufacturing Technology subelement is a part of the base technology portion of the Advanced Turbine Systems (ATS) Program. The work in this subelement is being performed predominantly by industry with assistance from national laboratories and universities. The projects in this subelement are aimed toward hastening the incorporation of new materials and components in gas turbines. Work is currently ongoing on thermal barrier coatings (TBCs), the scale-up of single crystal airfoil manufacturing technologies, materials characterization, and technology information exchange. This paper presents highlights of the activities during the past year. 12 refs., 24 figs., 4 tabs.

Karnitz, M.A.; Wright, I.G.; Ferber, M.K. [and others

1997-11-01

399

Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report examines the cost-effective manufacture of dendritic-web-based photovoltaic modules. It explains how process changes can increase production and reduce manufacturing costs. Long-range benefits of these improved processes are also discussed. Problems are identified that could impede increasing production and reducing costs; approaches to solve these problems are presented. These approaches involve web growth throughput, cell efficiency, process yield, silicon use, process control, automation, and module efficiency. Also discussed are the benefits of bifacial module design, unique to the dendritic web process.

Easoz, J. R.; Herlocher, R. H.

1991-12-01

400

Energy consumption in manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy sources, in the form of coal, oil, natural gas, solar or nuclear power, are global commodities, and as demand is projected to rise in the coming decades, so will costs. As such, an understanding of the energy needs of manufacturing processes and the ability to reduce the energy and carbon footprints are essential for sustainability reasons. Energy source effects are quantified in a number of measures. Models of energy needs by manufacturing processes are then examined, along with models incorporating the use of ancillary equipment such as pumps, filters, blowers, lighting, etc. Finally, the successful application of the tribological principles to influence energy consumption is discussed.

Schmid, S. R.

2012-04-01

401

Advanced Integrated Manufacturing Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A 15,000 sq. ft. state of the art model factory is the centerpiece of the Advanced Integrated Manufacturing (AIM) Center, which offers workforce development, production support, and process improvement services for local industry. In addition to the factory, which companies may utilize for their production needs, the AIM Center also offers Lean Manufacturing workshops (on-site or at the AIM Center). Other workshops, such as CNC programming, CAD/CAM training, injection molding, safety, project management, setup reduction/quick change, value stream mapping, 5S/visual controls, work place organization, lean office, workflow improvement, simulation modeling for workflow, and quality assurance, are also available.

Dilley, David

2009-11-02

402

Manufacturing of high-precision aspherical and freeform optics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aspherical and freeform optical elements have a large potential in reducing optical aberrations and to reduce the number of elements in complex high performance optical systems. However, manufacturing a single piece or a small series of aspherical and freeform optics has for long been limited by the lack of flexible metrology tools. With the cooperative development of the NANOMEFOS metrology tool by TNO, TU/e and VSL, we are able to measure the form of aspheres and freeforms up to 500 mm in diameter with an accuracy better than 10 nm rms. This development opened the possibility to exploit a number of iterative, corrective manufacturing chains in which manufacturing technologies such as Single Point Diamond Turning, freeform grinding, deterministic polishing and classical polishing are combined in an iterative loop with metrology tools to measure form deviation (like CMM, LVDT contact measurement, interferometry and NANOMEFOS). This paper discusses the potentials, limitations and differences of iterative manufacturing chains used by TNO in the manufacturing of high performance optics for astronomical purposes such as the anufacturing of the L2 of the Optical Tube Assembly of the four laser-guide star facility of the ESO VLT, Manufacturing of Aluminium freeforms mirrors for the SCUBA-2 instrument. Based on these results we will give an outlook into the new challenges and solutions in manufacturing high-precision optics.

Hoogstrate, Andr M.; van Drunen, Casper; van Venrooy, Bart; Henselmans, Rens

2012-09-01

403

COOPERATION MAINTAINED BY FITNESS ADJUSTMENT  

PubMed Central

Questions Whether or not cooperation can be enhanced if players with a performance higher than the mean are forced to pay an additional cost in each generation? Mathematical Methods Analysis of replicator dynamics with mutation. The ESS distribution of cooperation level is obtained. Key Assumptions Players engage in cooperative dilemma game, and at the end of each generation, those with higher performance than the mean are forced to pay additional cost. Conclusions Without mutation, the entire population eventually conforms to a single cooperation level determined by the initial composition of the population. With mutation, there is an equilibrium distribution of cooperation level, which has a peak at an intermediate level of cooperation. Whether it is institutionalized such as tax or just a social custom, fitness adjustment based ultimately on peoples emtion of envy is able to maintain cooperation.

TAYLOR, CHRISTINE; CHEN, JANET; IWASA, YOH

2008-01-01

404

Original equipment manufacturers (OEM) manufacturing strategy for network innovation agility: the case of Taiwanese manufacturing networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacturing companies in newly industrialized countries contribute substan- tially to their global innovation networks. Those manufacturers perform not only production and physical distribution functions, but also design and engineering functions in the processes of bringing new products world-wide. This paper exam- ines the relationship between manufacturing strategy of those original equipment manufacturers (OEM) suppliers and network innovation agility. No single

B.-W. LINy

2004-01-01

405

The Relative Productivity of Cooperation and Competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conflicting findings of previous investigations regarding the relative productivity of cooperation and competition were probably due to the confounding of cooperative and competitive variables. On the basis of an algebraic model, it was hypothesized that group productivity decreases in the following order: Intragroup cooperation with intergroup cooperation, intragroup cooperation without reference to another group, intragroup cooperation with intergroup competition,

Abaineh Workie

1974-01-01

406

Manufacturing (Industrial) Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains 35 units to consider for use in a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of manufacturing (industrial) technician. All the units listed will not necessarily apply to every situation or tech prep consortium, nor will all the competencies within each unit be appropriate. Several units appear within each specific

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

407

Computer-aided manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present status and near term applications of computer aided manufacturing (CAM) is discussed. Introduction of CAM is projected to speed medium range production, for products which are batch processed, and to help ease the shortage of skilled machinists. Primary technical problems are to increase the versatility of the systems, to automate maintenance, and to automate machine component assembly. The

E. J. Lerner

1981-01-01

408

Practicing modelling in manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about understanding modelling practices in manufacturing and contribute in methodologies and approaches facilitating introduction of modelling in a company. Based on ethnographic studies at real work environments and scenario-building workshops, we could identify and analyse several issues like how to involve and engage domain workers in modelling activities, that there are four different levels of formal and

H. Tellioglu

2009-01-01

409

Multimedia in manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimedia is promoted as the technology for the future from the perspective of applications and its role in improving enterprise integration and management effectiveness. As yet few useful applications are found in business and manufacturing. Nevertheless, a growing number of businesses are looking to multimedia for real-life business solutions. Computerized production management systems have enjoyed the same growth and popularity

A. GUNASEKARAN; R. J. BIGNALL; S. M. RAHMAN

1996-01-01

410

Intelligent Manufacturing Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter is on scope and problems of manufacturing management (MM), contexts and uncertainty in MM, intelligent approaches\\u000a in project management, inventory management, and production logistics. The other subject included is intelligent production\\u000a planning and control.

H.-J. Zimmermann

411

Manufacturing and Merchandising Careers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Anyone with a flair for business, product development, or promotion might consider a manufacturing or merchandising occupation. The music industry offers many career opportunities for administrators, salespersons, marketing specialists--the record industry offers positions from promotion manager to rack jobber. Describes instrument company

Ryan, Peter J.; And Others

1977-01-01

412

Manufacturing Challenge: Flight Simulation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center asks students to conceptualize a flight simulator which would be used to train pilots. The class will draw a sketch of what their simulator would look like. They will then compare their own work to a case study of how a real manufacturing company responded to the same challenge.

2011-02-24

413

Strategies for Manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can the industrial way of life be maintained without exhausting resources, generating unmanageable amounts of waste and poisoning the environment The paper discusses how wastes from one industry can serve as the raw materials for another, thus providing an industrial ecosystem characterized by dematerialization and closed-system manufacturing. The paper uses three examples to illustrate an industrial ecosystem: the conversion of

Robert A. Frosch; Nicholas E. Gallopoulos

1989-01-01

414

Control of Manufacturing Processes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course features a complete set of lecture notes and problem sets with solutions. The objective of this subject is to understand the nature of manufacturing process variation and the methods for its control. The key concepts of these lessons are: statistical process control, process optimization and in-process feedback control.

Hardt, D. E. (David E.); Boning, Duane S.

2009-01-28

415

Manufacturing & Electronics Hourly Pay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This sheet from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center highlights hourly wages for individuals working in the manufacturing and electronics industries. The information may serve to motivate students to obtain education beyond high school for use in these industries.

2011-01-24

416

Manufacturing modeling and optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this project was to model and optimize the personnel and equipment utilization in Siltec's Epitaxial manufacturing process. Previous attempts to model the behavior of the process through static models (linear programming and spreadsheets) had not attempted to explain any of the variability experienced in the process line. SIMAN was used to create a simple model to study

D. S. O'Ferrell

1995-01-01

417

STEND-70: multifunction arrangement for the x-ray capillary products testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the report we consider the experimental set-up for measuring the main characteristics of X-ray capillary products in the X-ray energy band ranging from 4 keV up to 60 keV. These characteristic are: 1) the capillary/lens transmission coefficient; 2) X-ray focal spot sizes of lenses and conical capillaries; 3) focal distances of lenses; 4) the transmission coefficient and the scatter reduction factor (for anti scatter grids). The arrangement is designed to allow measuring spectral dependence of the above characteristics. Example of the measurement of the X-ray poly-capillary transmission coefficient is given. The influence of mechanical and electronic stability on the measured values is discussed. Examples of the designed and manufactured gimbal mounts, translation stages, X-ray collimators and X-ray detectors that were produced by IRO in collaboration with 'Kurchatov Institute' are presented.

Shovkun, V. Y.; Moseiko, N. I.; Moseiko, L. A.; Brovchenko, V. G.; Kirichenko, A. M.; Puhov, A. V.; Markelov, A. A., Jr.; Molchanov, Yu. D.; Shimchenco, T. F.

2005-07-01

418

Cost-Effective Computer-Aided Manufacturing of Prototype Parts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) can be made cost effective, even for one-of-a-kind jobs. To do so requires reevaluation of Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) from the point of view of a computer system, rather than a glorified machine shop. Good systematization, useful software and cooperative CNC shop staff can improve the productivity of a typical CNC shop by a factor of five.

K. S. Reid-Green

1985-01-01

419

Cost-effective computer-aided manufacturing of prototype parts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) can be made cost effective, even for one-of-a-kind jobs. To do so requires reevaluation of Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) from the point of view of a computer system, rather than a glorified machine shop, Good systematization, useful software and cooperative CNC shop staff can improve the productivity of a typical CNC shop by a factor of five.

Keith S. Reid-Green

1985-01-01

420

General applications 2: simulation system modeling for mass customization manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging rapidly as a new paradigm of the 21st century, Mass Customization Manufacturing (MCM) systems possess some special characteristics that make the modeling of such systems extremely difficult. These characteristics include concurrency, synchronization, and cooperation among subsystems. Moreover, MCM emphasizes shortened product life-cycles, which means production lines have to be changed or reconfigured frequently. Highly flexible and re-configurable factories must

Guixiu Qiao; Charles McLean; Frank Riddick

2002-01-01

421

22 CFR 120.36 - United Kingdom Implementing Arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Pursuant to the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Defense Trade Cooperation, done at Washington DC, February 14, 2008, as it...

2013-04-01

422

The impact of union-management cooperation on productivity and employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effects of union-management cooperative programs on productivity and employment. The author collected productivity and employment data for each of nine manufacturing plants at monthly time intervals over a period of four to five years-from two years before to at least two years after the introduction of the cooperative program. Regression analysis of these time-series data is

Michael Schuster

1983-01-01

423

Highly ordered arrangement of single neurons in orientation pinwheels.  

PubMed

In the visual cortex of higher mammals, neurons are arranged across the cortical surface in an orderly map of preferred stimulus orientations. This map contains 'orientation pinwheels', structures that are arranged like the spokes of a wheel such that orientation changes continuously around a centre. Conventional optical imaging first demonstrated these pinwheels, but the technique lacked the spatial resolution to determine the response properties and arrangement of cells near pinwheel centres. Electrophysiological recordings later demonstrated sharply selective neurons near pinwheel centres, but it remained unclear whether they were arranged randomly or in an orderly fashion. Here we use two-photon calcium imaging in vivo to determine the microstructure of pinwheel centres in cat visual cortex with single-cell resolution. We find that pinwheel centres are highly ordered: neurons selective to different orientations are clearly segregated even in the very centre. Thus, pinwheel centres truly represent singularities in the cortical map. This highly ordered arrangement at the level of single cells suggests great precision in the development of cortical circuits underlying orientation selectivity. PMID:16906137

Ohki, Kenichi; Chung, Sooyoung; Kara, Prakash; Hbener, Mark; Bonhoeffer, Tobias; Reid, R Clay

2006-08-13

424

Economic Census 1997: Manufacturing, Industry Series. Cement Manufacturing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is about the U.S. industry which consists of establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing portland, natural, masonry, pozzalanic, and other hydraulic cements. Cement manufacturing establishments may calcine earths or mine, quarry, manufac...

1999-01-01

425

Manufacturing Analytical Report Series: Exports from Manufacturing Establishments: 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The annual report includes estimates of the value of manufactured exports and export-related employment, both for directly exported goods and for the indirect requirements supporting manufactured exports. The estimates are shown by State, industry group (...

1991-01-01

426

1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series: Plastics Bottle Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This data from the US Department of Commerce Census Bureau constitutes the one of the first in a series of several hundred reports on individual industries in the manufacturing sector from the 1997 Economic Census. The 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series on Plastics Bottle Manufacturing reports that California, Illinois, and Ohio accounted for a third of the $6.4 billion worth of 1997 goods shipped by the nation's plastics bottle manufacturers.

427

Financial Arrangements and Relationship Quality in Low-Income Couples  

PubMed Central

This study explored the association between household financial arrangements and relationship quality using a representative sample of low-income couples with children. We detailed the banking arrangements couples utilize, assessed which factors relate to holding a joint account versus joint and separate, only separate, or no account, and analyzed the association between fiscal practices and mens and womens relationship quality. The majority of couples held joint accounts, though over one-quarter also have separate accounts; nearly one-tenth have no account. Joint bank accounts were associated with higher levels of relationship quality on numerous dimensions, though more consistently for women than men. Individualistic arrangements appeared to undermine womens relationship satisfaction and reduce feelings of intimacy, sexual compatibility, and satisfaction with conflict resolution.

Addo, Fenaba R.; Sassler, Sharon

2012-01-01

428

Orientations of linear stone arrangements in New South Wales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We test the hypothesis that Aboriginal linear stone arrangements in New South Wales (NSW) are oriented to cardinal directions. We accomplish this by measuring the azimuths of stone arrangements described in site cards from the NSW Aboriginal Heritage Information Management System. We then survey a subset of these sites to test the accuracy of information recorded on the site cards. We find a preference recorded in the site cards for cardinal orientations among azimuths. The field surveys show that the site cards are reasonably accurate, but the surveyors probably did not correct for magnetic declinations. Using Monte Carlo statistics, we show that these preferred orientations did not occur by chance and that Aboriginal people deliberately aligned these arrangements to the approximate cardinal directions. We briefly explore possible reasons for these preferred orientations and highlight the need for future work.

Hamacher, Duane W.; Fuller, Robert S.; Norris, Ray P.

2012-12-01

429

[Analysis of cell arrangements in Biota orientalis using Fourier transformation].  

PubMed

Fourier transform image-processing technology is applied for determining the cross section cell arrangement of early-wood in Biota orientalis. In this method, the disc-convoluted dot map from each cell radius with 10 pixels is transformed by Fourier transform, generating the angle distribution function in the power spectral pattern. The maximum value is the arrangement of the cell. The results of Fourier transform image-processing technology indicated that the arrangements of the cell of Biota orientalis are 15 degrees in oblique direction, respectively. This method provides a new basis for the digitized identification of the wood, and also the new theoretical research direction for the digitized identification and examination of the wood species. PMID:20038030

Duo, Hua-Qiong; Wang, Xi-Ming

2009-10-01

430

Support arrangements for core modules of nuclear reactors. [PWR  

DOEpatents

A support arrangement is provided for the core modules of a nuclear reactor which provides support access through the control drive mechanisms of the reactor. This arrangement provides axial support of individual reactor core modules from the pressure vessel head in a manner which permits attachment and detachment of the modules from the head to be accomplished through the control drive mechanisms after their leadscrews have been removed. The arrangement includes a module support nut which is suspended from the pressure vessel head and screw threaded to the shroud housing for the module. A spline lock prevents loosening of the screw connection. An installation tool assembly, including a cell lifting and preloading tool and a torquing tool, fits through the control drive mechanism and provides lifting of the shroud housing while disconnecting the spline lock, as well as application of torque to the module support nut.

Bollinger, L.R.

1983-11-03

431

Support arrangement for core modules of nuclear reactors  

DOEpatents

A support arrangement is provided for the core modules of a nuclear reactor which provides support access through the control drive mechanisms of the reactor. This arrangement provides axial support of individual reactor core modules from the pressure vessel head in a manner which permits attachment and detachment of the modules from the head to be accomplished through the control drive mechanisms after their leadscrews have been removed. The arrangement includes a module support nut which is suspended from the pressure vessel head and screw threaded to the shroud housing for the module. A spline lock prevents loosening of the screw connection. An installation tool assembly, including a cell lifting and preloading tool and a torquing tool, fits through the control drive mechanism and provides lifting of the shroud housing while disconnecting the spline lock, as well as application of torque to the module support nut.

Bollinger, Lawrence R. (Schenectady, NY)

1987-01-01

432

Resource heterogeneity can facilitate cooperation  

PubMed Central

Although social structure is known to promote cooperation, by locally exposing selfish agents to their own deeds, studies to date assumed that all agents have access to the same level of resources. This is clearly unrealistic. Here we find that cooperation can be maintained when some agents have access to more resources than others. Cooperation can then emerge even in populations in which the temptation to defect is so strong that players would act fully selfishly if their resources were distributed uniformly. Resource heterogeneity can thus be crucial for the emergence and maintenance of cooperation. We also show that resource heterogeneity can hinder cooperation once the temptation to defect is significantly lowered. In all cases, the level of cooperation can be maximized by managing resource heterogeneity.

Kun, Adam; Dieckmann, Ulf

2013-01-01

433

Cooperative nonproliferation activities  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) under DOE sponsorship is engaged in nuclear nonproliferation activities with the Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation (PNC) of Japan. From 1995 to the present SNL and PNC have been participating in a cooperative project to implement and assess the use of remote monitoring to achieve nuclear nonproliferation objectives. Implementation of remote monitoring at the PNC Joyo facility took place during 1996 and continues to date. An International Fellowship began in the Fall of 1995 and has complemented the nonproliferation study. Plans are underway to extend the Fellowship and to upgrade the existing Remote Monitoring System to include another area at the Joyo facility. SNL and PNC are currently exploring the possibility of exchanging experts with the objective of promoting regional confidence building in Northeast Asia, possibly using some of the same remote monitoring technologies. This paper will provide an overview of these activities and report on the status of cooperative nonproliferation activities being conducted by PNC and SNL.

Ystesund, K.; Furaus, J.; Lucero, R. [and others

1997-08-01

434

Implementing time-based manufacturing practices in pharmaceutical preparation manufacturers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A double case study applying action research methodology was conducted in two pharmaceutical preparation manufacturers in the Netherlands in order to improve their manufacturing systems by implementing time-based manufacturing (TBM) practices. Following the diagnosis phase, the situation of each Company was analysed and suitable improvement interventions were selected for implementation in the Case Companies. At the end of the action

Steve Brown; Paul Vondr?ek

2011-01-01

435

Manufacturing and the manufacturing engineer in the year 2000, revision  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recently completed Society of Manufacturing Engineer (SME) Profile 21 study provided a number of insights into the future world of manufacturing and the manufacturing engineer. This presentation provides an overview of the issues and solutions and compellingly sets a much faster pace than we have followed. It presents both shop floor and engineering insights in a manner that commands attention.

Gillespie, Laroux K.

1989-08-01

436

Manufacturing strategy formation process: case study of iranian manufacturing companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes case study research undertaken in six Iranian manufacturing companies aimed at advancing the understanding of the manufacturing strategy formation process. As shown in this study, culture, leadership, policy and incrementalism have their own undeniable roles in manufacturing strategy formation. Cultural factors impact on political factors, and political factors impact on individual factors. It could be useful To

Sepehr Ghazinoory; Rahman Mahdiani Khotbesara; Sedigheh Rezaeian Fardoei

2011-01-01

437

Cooperative interval games: a survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The (re)distribution of collective gains and costs is a central question for individuals and organizations contemplating cooperation\\u000a under uncertainty. The theory of cooperative interval games provides a new game theoretical angle and suitable tools for answering\\u000a this question. This survey aims to briefly present the state-of-the-art in this young field of research, discusses how the\\u000a model of cooperative interval games

R. Branzei; O. Branzei; S. Zeynep Alparslan Gk; S. Tijs

2010-01-01

438

Note: a simple experimental arrangement to generate optical vortex beams.  

PubMed

In this Note, we present a simple experimental arrangement to generate optical vortex beams. We have demonstrated how by taking print of an interferogram on a transparent sheet, vortex beams with various topological charges can be generated. Experimental results show that the vortex beam indeed carries the topological charge that is used to compute the interferograms. In addition to being simple and inexpensive, one major advantage of the arrangement is that it makes it possible to generate different vortex beams quickly, unlike using the photographic process to create the holograms. PMID:23464265

Kumar, Dhirendra; Das, Abhijit; Boruah, Bosanta R

2013-02-01

439

Cooperative advertising and pricing in a dynamic stochastic supply chain: Feedback Stackelberg strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative (co-op) advertising is an important instrument for aligning manufacturer and retailer decisions in supply chains. In this, the manufacturer announces a co-op advertising policy, i.e., a participation rate that specifies the percentage of the retailerpsilas advertising expenditure that it will provide. In addition, it also announces the wholesale price. In response, the retailer chooses its optimal advertising and pricing

Xiuli He; Ashutosh Prasad; Suresh P. Sethi

2008-01-01

440

Manufacturing a Superconductor in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Described is the manufacture of a superconductor from a commercially available kit using equipment usually available in schools or easily obtainable. The construction is described in detail including equipment, materials, safety procedures, tolerances, and manufacture. (Author/CW)|

Barrow, John

1989-01-01

441

Dermatitis in rubber manufacturing industries  

SciTech Connect

This review describes the history of rubber technology and the manufacturing techniques used in rubber manufacturing industries. The important aspects of the acquisition of allergic and irritant contact dermatitis within the industry are presented for the reader.

White, I.R.

1988-01-01

442

The Temporal Dynamics of Cooperation  

PubMed Central

Parties in real-world conflicts often attempt to punish each others behavior. If this strategy fails to produce mutual cooperation, they may increase punishment magnitude. The present experiment investigated whether delay-reduction potentially less harmful than magnitude increase would generate mutual cooperation as interactions are repeated. Participants played a prisoners dilemma game against a computer that played a tit-for-tat strategy, cooperating after a participant cooperated, defecting after a participant defected. For half of the participants, the delay between their choice and the computers next choice was long relative to the delay between the computers choice and their next choice. For the other half, long and short delays were reversed. The tit-for-tat contingency reinforces the other players cooperation (by cooperating) and punishes the other players defection (by defecting). Both rewards and punishers are discounted by delay. Consistent with delay discounting, participants cooperated more when the delay between their choice and the computers cooperation (reward) or defection (punishment) was relatively short. These results suggest that, in real-world tit-for-tat conflicts, decreasing delay of reciprocation or retaliation may foster mutual cooperation as effectively as (or more effectively than) the more usual tactic of increasing magnitude of reciprocation or retaliation.

Locey, Matthew L.; Rachlin, Howard

2011-01-01

443

78 FR 35974 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Coal Mine Rescue Teams; Arrangements for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request; Coal Mine Rescue Teams; Arrangements for Emergency Medical Assistance and...77.1702 require operators to make arrangements for 24-hour emergency medical assistance...services currently available under those arrangements. II. Desired Focus of Comments...

2013-06-14

444

75 FR 28516 - NVOCC Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Notice of Public Meeting Schedule  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. 10-03] NVOCC Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Notice of Public Meeting Schedule...carriers agreeing to negotiated rate arrangements from certain provisions and requirements...regarding NVOCC Negotiated Rate Arrangements. The [[Page 28517

2010-05-21

445

75 FR 26906 - NVOCC Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Notice of Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. 10-03] NVOCC Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Notice of Public Meeting AGENCY...25150) regarding NVOCC Negotiated Rate Arrangements. DATES: Requests to participate in...NVOCCs'') agreeing to negotiated rate arrangements from certain provisions and...

2010-05-13

446

29 CFR 779.232 - Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger enterprise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.232 Franchise or other arrangements which create a...

2011-07-01

447

29 CFR 779.232 - Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger enterprise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.232 Franchise or other arrangements which create a...

2012-07-01

448

29 CFR 779.232 - Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger enterprise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.232 Franchise or other arrangements which create a...

2009-07-01

449

29 CFR 779.231 - Franchise arrangements which do not create a larger enterprise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Franchise arrangements which do not create a larger...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.231 Franchise arrangements which do not create a...

2013-07-01

450

29 CFR 794.117 - Effect of franchises and other arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Effect of franchises and other arrangements. 794.117 ...Enterpriseâ § 794.117 Effect of franchises and other arrangements. Whether a franchise or other contractual arrangement...

2013-07-01

451

29 CFR 779.232 - Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger enterprise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.232 Franchise or other arrangements which create a...

2013-07-01

452

29 CFR 779.232 - Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger enterprise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.232 Franchise or other arrangements which create a...

2010-07-01

453

26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1.61-22...61-22 Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. (a) Scope...the taxation of a split-dollar life insurance arrangement for purposes of...

2013-04-01

454

26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1.1402(a...1402(a)-18 Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See ...the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. [T.D....

2013-04-01

455

46 CFR 199.40 - Evaluation, testing and approval of lifesaving appliances and arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Evaluation, testing and approval of lifesaving appliances and arrangements. 199.40 Section...SECURITY (CONTINUED) LIFESAVING APPLIANCES AND ARRANGEMENTS LIFESAVING SYSTEMS...testing and approval of lifesaving appliances and arrangements. (a) Each...

2009-10-01

456

46 CFR 199.40 - Evaluation, testing and approval of lifesaving appliances and arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Evaluation, testing and approval of lifesaving appliances and arrangements. 199.40 Section...SECURITY (CONTINUED) LIFESAVING APPLIANCES AND ARRANGEMENTS LIFESAVING SYSTEMS...testing and approval of lifesaving appliances and arrangements. (a) Each...

2010-10-01

457

Santee Cooper cross units 3 & 4: an EPCM success  

SciTech Connect

In late 2001, Santee Cooper began a project to add a third 600 MW unit to its coal-fired Cross Generating Station in Cross, S.C. Plans also included a fourth unit to be added later. The engineering, procurement and construction (EPCM) of Units 3 and 4 would eventually span almost seven years. The Cross Project demonstrates how Santee Cooper empowered its EPCM contractor to manage for change and how a well conceived plan and thoroughly developed schedule provide the necessary structure and flexibility to successful do so. The Cross Project experience reinforces the idea that for large projects an EPCM arrangement provides the agility necessary to manage change and the means to manage risk. The design, furnish and erect contracts were performance based contracts executed early to firm up the plant design and layout. 2 photos.

Hickson, K.; Neher, S.; Koontz, N. [WorleyParons (United States)

2009-05-15

458

Multiagent Framework for Lean Manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed the manufacturing agent-based emulation system as an open framework for design and analysis of discrete manufacturing systems. MABES currently supports the transition from traditional to lean manufacturing in two major functions: analysis of alternative agent-based scheduling and control approaches that can be implemented across the extended enterprise; and real-time collaboration of design teams during manufacturing line design

Nenad Ivezic; Thomas E. Potok; Line Pouchard

1999-01-01

459

Diversified Cooperative Training. Diversified Cooperative Health Occupations. Manual of Operation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to assist school personnel, employers, parents/guardians, and students in understanding the policies and procedures required to operate effective diversified cooperative training (DCT) and diversified cooperative health occupations (DCHO) programs. Chapter I describes DCT/DCHO programs, their structure, types of program

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Vocational and Adult Education.

460

Manufacturing systems engineering and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a discussion of manufacturing systems engineering and manufacturing systems management as one of the major efforts that concern systems engineers. There are many ways in which we can describe systems engineering and within this manufacturing systems engineering and management. This paper takes a multifaceted view of systems engineering. It attempts to describe systems engineering in terms of

Andrew P. Sage

1996-01-01

461

Flexibility in manufacturing: A survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an attempt to survey the vast literature on flexibility in manufacturing that has accumulated over the last 10 to 20 years. The survey begins with a brief review of the classical literature on flexibility in economics and organization theory, which provides a background for manufacturing flexibility. Several kinds of flexibilities in manufacturing are then defined carefully along

Andrea Krasa Sethi; Suresh Pal Sethi

1990-01-01

462

Technological diffusion, the diffusion of skill and the growth of outsourcing in US manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

What drives the observed rapid growth of outsourcing in US manufacturing? This article approaches this question by asking whether technological diffusion driven by R&D spillovers is in part responsible for the growth of atypical work arrangements in the USA. Relying on data of technological diffusion since the early 1970s, this study provides some evidence that technological factors may have contributed

Elisabetta Magnani

2006-01-01

463

Economic Comparison of Emission Control Systems for Glass Manufacturing Furnaces with Heat Recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Glass manufacturing, like other process industries, is faced with air pollution compliance problems due to ever stricter emission limits. Several waste gas cleaning equipment options are available for air pollution control (APC) in glass plants, the most common arrangements being based on electrostatic precipitator (ESP) or fabric filter (FF) dust collectors and semi-wet or dry processes for acid gas removal.

Antonio C. Caputo; Pacifico M. Pelagagge

2001-01-01

464

An examination of the Runs Test, Reverse Arrangements Test, and modified Reverse Arrangements Test for assessing surface EMG signal stationarity.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of the Runs Test, Reverse Arrangements Test, and modified Reverse Arrangements Test for assessing stationarity of surface electromyographic (EMG) signals. Five stationary signals were generated by custom programs written with LabVIEW programming software. These signals consisted of sine waves, sums of sine waves, and sums of sine waves and random noise. The sixth signal was a stationary computer generated surface EMG signal downloaded from the surface EMG for the non-invasive assessment of muscles (SENIAM) project database. There were no changes in the amplitude or frequency contents of the stationary signals over time. Several nonstationary signals were also created, including a nonstationary chirp signal generated with LabVIEW programming software, a nonstationary computer generated surface EMG signal downloaded from the SENIAM project database, and a real surface EMG signal recorded from the biceps brachii during a concentric isokinetic muscle action of the forearm flexors at a velocity of 30 degrees s(-1). Both the stationary and nonstationary signals were tested for stationarity using the Runs Test, Reverse Arrangements Test, and modified Reverse Arrangements Test. The results indicated that each of the three stationarity tests demonstrated at least one form of inaccuracy (i.e. false positive and/or false negative results) in examining the stationarity of the test signals. These findings may reflect the fact that these tests were designed to determine whether or not a signal is random, rather than examine signal stationarity exclusively. Thus, the Runs Test, Reverse Arrangements Test, and modified Reverse Arrangements Test may not be appropriate for assessing stationarity in surface EMG signals. PMID:16621017

Beck, Travis W; Housh, Terry J; Weir, Joseph P; Cramer, Joel T; Vardaxis, Vassilios; Johnson, Glen O; Coburn, Jared W; Malek, Moh H; Mielke, Michelle

2006-04-18

465

Atomically Precise Manufacturing: The Opportunity, Challenges, and Impact  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fifty years ago, Richard Feynman famously stated that "I am not afraid to consider the final question as to whether, ultimatelyin the great futurewe can arrange the atoms the way we want" (Feynman, "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom", speech on December 29th 1959 at the annual meeting of the American Physical Society at the California Institute of Technology). Twenty years ago, Don Eigler of IBM, did arrange atoms the way he wanted (Eigler and Schweizer, Nature 344:524, 1990). We contend that in the very near future, that arranging atoms the way we want will become a manufacturing technology. This technology will start small, very small, in making practical and profitable products, and from there scale-up to a wide range of products and applications with very large economic and societal impacts. We will explain some of the details of the path that we are on to achieve Atomically Precise Manufacturing (APM), some of the challenges we must overcome to succeed, and the surprising number of applications that we have identified that are waiting for us to exploit.

Randall, John N.; Von Ehr, James R.; Ballard, Joshua; Owen, James; Saini, Rahul; Fuchs, Ehud; Xu, Hai; Chen, Shi

466

Cooperation and Contagion in Web-Based, Networked Public Goods Experiments  

PubMed Central

A longstanding idea in the literature on human cooperation is that cooperation should be reinforced when conditional cooperators are more likely to interact. In the context of social networks, this idea implies that cooperation should fare better in highly clustered networks such as cliques than in networks with low clustering such as random networks. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a series of web-based experiments, in which 24 individuals played a local public goods game arranged on one of five network topologies that varied between disconnected cliques and a random regular graph. In contrast with previous theoretical work, we found that network topology had no significant effect on average contributions. This result implies either that individuals are not conditional cooperators, or else that cooperation does not benefit from positive reinforcement between connected neighbors. We then tested both of these possibilities in two subsequent series of experiments in which artificial seed players were introduced, making either full or zero contributions. First, we found that although players did generally behave like conditional cooperators, they were as likely to decrease their contributions in response to low contributing neighbors as they were to increase their contributions in response to high contributing neighbors. Second, we found that positive effects of cooperation were contagious only to direct neighbors in the network. In total we report on 113 human subjects experiments, highlighting the speed, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness of web-based experiments over those conducted in physical labs.

Suri, Siddharth; Watts, Duncan J.

2011-01-01

467

Cooperation and contagion in web-based, networked public goods experiments.  

PubMed

A longstanding idea in the literature on human cooperation is that cooperation should be reinforced when conditional cooperators are more likely to interact. In the context of social networks, this idea implies that cooperation should fare better in highly clustered networks such as cliques than in networks with low clustering such as random networks. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a series of web-based experiments, in which 24 individuals played a local public goods game arranged on one of five network topologies that varied between disconnected cliques and a random regular graph. In contrast with previous theoretical work, we found that network topology had no significant effect on average contributions. This result implies either that individuals are not conditional cooperators, or else that cooperation does not benefit from positive reinforcement between connected neighbors. We then tested both of these possibilities in two subsequent series of experiments in which artificial seed players were introduced, making either full or zero contributions. First, we found that although players did generally behave like conditional cooperators, they were as likely to decrease their contributions in response to low contributing neighbors as they were to increase their contributions in response to high contributing neighbors. Second, we found that positive effects of cooperation were contagious only to direct neighbors in the network. In total we report on 113 human subjects experiments, highlighting the speed, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness of web-based experiments over those conducted in physical labs. PMID:21412431

Suri, Siddharth; Watts, Duncan J

2011-03-11

468

Cooperative Digital Resources Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an effort to provide a large set of high-quality digital resources for the study of religion, the American Theological Library Association and Association of Theological Schools established the Cooperative Digital Resource Initiative (CDRI). Drawing on the extensive holdings of its member institutions, including Vanderbilt University, the Hartford Seminary, and Boston University, CDRI has assembled an impressive digital image collection that features woodcuts, coins, maps, postcards, sermons, and other ephemera. First-time visitors can utilize the search form offered on the homepage, or they may also wish to browse the collections thematically. There are some real gems here, including a collection of postcards of New England Congregational and Baptist churches and illuminations from Armenian Gospels.

469

Cornell University Cooperative Extension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cornell Cooperative Extension program brings Cornell University's land-grant programs to citizens across the Empire State. This website is part of the Extension's rather impressive public outreach efforts. Clicking on the Program Areas tab allows visitors to learn about various thematic work on subjects like Agriculture and Food Systems and Community and Economic Vitality. Each of these areas includes resources culled from various state agencies, such as databases and fact sheets. In the About area, visitors can learn about the organization's long-term strategic plan and also about local offices across the state. Finally, the News area brings together press releases, videos and blog posts that deal with new innovations in agriculture, community outreach work, and so on.

2013-01-01

470

Cooperative phenomena in swarms  

SciTech Connect

A model of the cooperative behavior of a large number of locally acting organisms is proposed. The space in which the organisms move is discretized, and is modeled by a lattice of nodes, or cells. Each cell has a specified volume, and is connected to other cells in the space in a definite way. Organisms move probabilistically between local cells in this space, but with weights dependent on local morphogenic substances, or morphogens. The morphogens are in turn are effected by the passage of an organism. The evolution of the morphogens, and the corresponding flow of the organisms constitutes the collective behavior of the group. The generic properties of such systems are analyzed, and a number of results are obtained. The model has various types of phase transitions and self-organizing properties controlled both by the level of the noise, and other parameters.

Millonas, M.M.

1992-12-01

471

Cooperative phenomena in swarms  

SciTech Connect

A model of the cooperative behavior of a large number of locally acting organisms is proposed. The space in which the organisms move is discretized, and is modeled by a lattice of nodes, or cells. Each cell has a specified volume, and is connected to other cells in the space in a definite way. Organisms move probabilistically between local cells in this space, but with weights dependent on local morphogenic substances, or morphogens. The morphogens are in turn are effected by the passage of an organism. The evolution of the morphogens, and the corresponding flow of the organisms constitutes the collective behavior of the group. The generic properties of such systems are analyzed, and a number of results are obtained. The model has various types of phase transitions and self-organizing properties controlled both by the level of the noise, and other parameters.

Millonas, M.M.

1992-01-01

472

Modeling International Travel Arrangements for Taiwanese Travelers: Potential Fits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a choice model of international travel arrangements for potential Taiwanese FIT (Foreign Independent Travel) travelers. Previous studies were based mostly on package vacations, with little attention given to FIT travelers. Recent years have indicated a transition toward FIT. Since this transition is likely to continue, it is important for travel and tourism organizations and for marketers to

Vicky L. Seiler; Sheauhsing Hsieh; Joseph T. Oleary; Chiali Hsieh

2001-01-01

473

Effects of furniture arrangement, props, and personality on social interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explored the facilitating and inhibiting effects of various furniture arrangements and 2 types of objects on social interaction. 2 experiments with 144 male and 144 female undergraduates each included all possible combinations of 4 distances and 3 orientations for the seating of dyads who were left alone to wait in a room. Results show no main effects of distance on

Albert Mehrabian; Shirley G. Diamond

1971-01-01

474

Flexible Work Arrangements: Accessibility in a University Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attraction and retention of highly qualified employees has become an area of concern for Australian universities. It has been suggested that flexible work arrangements can be utilised to achieve this goal once the factors affecting their uptake have been identified. This mixed-method study of 495 academic and general staff at an Australian

Sharafizad, Fleur; Paull, Megan; Omari, Maryam

2011-01-01

475

Regulated Power Supply having a Series Arrangement of Inverters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A regulated power supply, which may be of the A.C.-to-D.C. type utilizes a series arrangement of inverters because of a voltage rating of these inverters with respect to the magnitude of the D.C. driving voltage available either as a consequence of rectif...

D. W. Perkins M. W. Smith

1977-01-01

476

The Trade and Investment Effects of Preferential Trading Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study quantifies the impact of traditional and new age' provisions of preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) on merchandise trade and investment. It does so by estimating gravity models of bilateral trade and investment. It finds that recent and some past PTAs are not as benign as some contemporary empirical assessments have suggested. A careful consideration of the analytical issues including

Philippa Dee; Jyothi Gali

2005-01-01

477

The Trade and Investment Effects of Preferential Trading Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study quantifies the impact of traditional and new age' provisions of preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) on merchandise trade and investment. It does so by estimating gravity models of bilateral trade and investment. It finds that recent and some past PTAs are not as benign as some contemporary empirical assessments have suggested. A careful consideration of the analytical issues including

Philippa Dee; Jyothi Gali

2003-01-01

478

26. INTERIOR OF BEDROOM NO. 3 SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF CASEMENT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. INTERIOR OF BEDROOM NO. 3 SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF CASEMENT WINDOWS AROUND WEST CORNER. BUILT-IN CLOSET/CABINETS ARE VISIBLE AT PHOTO RIGHT. VIEW TO WEST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 4, Worker Cottage, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

479

48 CFR 1201.105-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...105-1 Publication and code arrangement. (a) The (TAR) 48 CFR chapter 12 is published in: (1) The Federal Register ; and (2) Cumulative form in the CFR. (b) The TAR is issued as chapter 12 of Title 48 of the...

2012-10-01

480

48 CFR 1201.105-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...105-1 Publication and code arrangement. (a) The (TAR) 48 CFR chapter 12 is published in: (1) The Federal Register ; and (2) Cumulative form in the CFR. (b) The TAR is issued as chapter 12 of Title 48 of the...

2011-10-01

481

8. Photograph of a line drawing. 'GENERAL ARRANGEMENT OF PRODUCER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Photograph of a line drawing. 'GENERAL ARRANGEMENT OF PRODUCER GAS PLANT - ELEVATION.' Holston Ordnance Works, Tennessee Eastman Corporation. December 9, 1942; revised February 16, 1943, November 3, 1943, October 15, 1982. Delineator: H. J. G. Drawing # 7651-117.11. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Producer Gas Plant, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

482

Contracting arrangements in agribusiness procurement practices in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an overview of contracting arrangements in agribusiness procurement practices in South Africa. The objective of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the structures and issues of raw commodity procurement in South African agribusiness supply chains. The results suggest that a wide range of institutions are employed to procure raw commodities for the South

Hester Vermeulen; Johann F. Kirsten; Kurt Sartorius

2008-01-01

483

How can spatial arrangement in tables improve readers' cognitive processing ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reported in this paper deals with the cognitive theories of graphical representations. Two experiments were carried out to investigate the production and comprehension of a neglected type of graphical representations: tables. The first experiment aimed at assessing whether the way people arrange pieces of information in table depended on the type of semantic relation they convey. Two relations

Anne Pellegrin; Mireille Btrancourt

2000-01-01

484

Unidirectional scaffold-strand arrangement in DNA origami.  

PubMed

In a parallel universe: DNA origami structures based on modified parallel double-crossover tiles were constructed and a unidirectional (parallel) arrangement of the scaffold strand (gray lines) was used in the assembly of a variety of 2D and 3D DNA origami structures. This will greatly expand the diversity of DNA origami and enable their assembly into larger structures. PMID:23852715

Han, Dongran; Jiang, Shuoxing; Samanta, Anirban; Liu, Yan; Yan, Hao

2013-07-14

485

Individual Differences: Factors Affecting Employee Utilization of Flexible Work Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated individual and organizational factors that predict an individual's choice to use flexible work arrangements (FWAs). Survey data was collected from 144 employees in two different organizations. The results revealed several significant predictors of FWAs: tenure, hours worked per week, supervisory responsibilities,

Lambert, Alysa D.; Marler, Janet H.; Gueutal, Hal G.

2008-01-01

486

Arrangements on Parametric Surfaces II: Concretizations and Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the algorithms and implementation details involved in the concretizations of a generic framework that enables exact construction, maintenance, and manipulation of arrangements embedded on two-dimensional orientable parametric surfaces in three-dimensional space. The fundamentals of the framework are described in a companion paper. Our work covers ar- rangements embedded on elliptic quadrics and cyclides induced by intersec- tions with

Eric Berberich; Efi Fogel; Dan Halperin; Michael Kerber; Ophir Setter

2010-01-01

487

Gas laser with resistive strip arrangement for starting enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The disclosed arrangement for enhancing the starting characteristics of a cold cathode gas laser includes a strip of electrically conductive plastic disposed on the outer lateral surface of the laser tube. The strip extends longitudinally along the tube for most of the length of the tube and extends circumferentially about the tube in the vicinity of its end remote from

Bayley

1980-01-01

488

Child Care Arrangements of Working Mothers in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents basic data on the types of child care arrangements and their frequency of utilization by working mothers belonging to different segments of American Society. The survey was conducted with the help of the Burea u of Census, which included supplementary questions about child care in its February, 1965 survey, using a

Low, Seth; Spindler, Pearl G.

489

Childhood Living Arrangements and the Risk of Premarital Intercourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data taken from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth, this study investigates the relationship between childhood living arrangements and the risk of first premarital intercourse. Both statuses and transitions associated with the parent histories of children are considered. Black and White women are examined separately, as well as two broad birth cohorts (from 1950 to 1959 and from

Chris Albrecht; Jay D. Teachman

2003-01-01

490

Enduring Effects of Marital Disruption and Subsequent Living Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the enduring effects of marital disruption and the subsequent living arrangements upon adolescents. A large national sample of adults (N = 8224) is examined to compare those living in each of eight types of disrupted families when they were 16 years old with a comparable group who were living with both biological parents at this age. Measures

STEVEN L. NOCK

1982-01-01

491

Case study: The network approach to international sport sponsorship arrangement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Offers a discussion on the interorganizational network approach as an interesting, alternative avenue for the development of sponsorship research. An example of how to describe and analyze a sport sponsorship arrangement case, using the interorganizational network approach as a theoretical frame of reference, is presented. Researching sports sponsorship from a network perspective extends the interorganizational network thinking from a traditional

Rami Olkkonen

2001-01-01

492

48 CFR 1001.105-2 - Arrangement of regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...105-2 Arrangement of regulations. (a) References and citations. The DTAR is divided into the same parts, subparts...paragraphs as the FAR except that 10 or 100 will precede the DTAR citation so that there are four numbers to the left of the first...

2011-10-01

493

First Impressions: the new teacher induction arrangements in Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

New arrangements for the induction of teachers in Scottish schools were introduced for school session 2002\\/03. Those completing initial teacher education (ITE) are now entitled to a one-year training post with a 70% workload, 30% of working time for professional development and 10% of an experienced teacher's time for support. Such inductees must meet the Standard for Full Registration (SFR)

Janet Draper; Jim Obrien; Fiona Christie

2004-01-01

494

First Impressions: The New Teacher Induction Arrangements in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New arrangements for the induction of teachers in Scottish schools were introduced for school session 2002/03. Those completing initial teacher education (ITE) are now entitled to a one-year training post with a 70% workload, 30% of working time for professional development and 10% of an experienced teacher's time for support. Such inductees must

Draper, Janet; O'Brien, Jim; Christie, Fiona

2004-01-01

495

82. ROOSEVELT POWER CANAL, SUGGESTED ARRANGEMENT FOR ELECTRICAL OPERATION OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

82. ROOSEVELT POWER CANAL, SUGGESTED ARRANGEMENT FOR ELECTRICAL OPERATION OF SLUICE GATES AND CANAL INTAKE GATES AT DIVERSION DAM Courtesy of Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Salt River Project, Arizona - Roosevelt Power Canal & Diversion Dam, Parallels Salt River, Roosevelt, Gila County, AZ

496

The WTO Legality of the EU's GSP+ Arrangement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In ECTariff Preferences, the Appellate Body held that the WTO Enabling Clause permitted developed countries to grant better tariff treatment to some developing countries than to others, subject to certain conditions. It held further that these conditions were not met by the EU's so-called drugs arrangement, a system of additional preferences (normally duty free treatment) for certain countries which the

Lorand Bartels

2007-01-01

497

Administrative arrangements for psychology in university affiliated Canadian hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a report of the findings of a survey of Canadian general hospitals affiliated with Universities. The purpose of the survey was to find out how psychology was presently administered in such hospitals, and to sample the opinion of psychologists about what would constitute an ideal administrative arrangement. The findings indicate that psychology is still more often than not

Mary J. Wright; Robert M. Knights

1967-01-01

498

Fertility and Child Care Arrangements as Mechanisms of Status Articulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined the relationship among employment preferences, child care arrangements of mothers of young children, and fertility expectations. Findings indicated that future fertility expectations were influenced by: (1) whether mothers wanted to be employed, given adequate child care, and (2) by whether they currently used regular child care.

Powers, Mary G.; Salvo, Joseph J.

1982-01-01

499

GENERAL ARRANGEMENT BUILDING AND EQUIPMENT. WELLTONMOHAWK PUMPING PLANT NO.. 1. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GENERAL ARRANGEMENT BUILDING AND EQUIPMENT. WELLTON-MOHAWK PUMPING PLANT NO.. 1. United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation; Gila Project, Arizona, Wellton-Mohawk Division. Drawing No. 50-D-2328, dated August 2, 1948, Denver, Colorado. - Wellton-Mohawk Irrigation System, Pumping Plant No. 1, Bounded by Gila River & Union Pacific Railroad, Wellton, Yuma County, AZ

500

Turbine by-pass arrangement for thermal power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

A turbine bypass arrangement for use in thermal power plants serves to bypass a portion of the steam delivered by the steam generator around the turbine and discharge it into the coupling sleeve located between the turbine outlet and the condenser inlet. The by-passed steam is divided into two parts, one of which is decompressed as well as desuperheated while

Lecocq

1975-01-01