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1

Guidance for Industry: Cooperative Manufacturing Arrangements for Licensed Biologics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of complex and highly specialized technology and equipment for the manufacture of biological products has fostered the emergence of many companies that perform only limited aspects of manufacturing processes. Consequently, many manufacture...

2008-01-01

2

International Business Arrangements Used by Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. farmer cooperatives have established various organizations and contractual arrangements with foreign firms to expand their global marketing capabilities. However, unlike many U.S. food processing firms, cooperatives have minimal involvement with fore...

B. J. Reynolds K. J. Spatz

1991-01-01

3

15 CFR 40.5 - Other cooperative arrangements.  

...Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TRAINING OF FOREIGN PARTICIPANTS IN CENSUS PROCEDURES AND GENERAL STATISTICS § 40.5 Other cooperative arrangements. The Bureau of the Census also undertakes the training of foreign...

2014-01-01

4

15 CFR 40.5 - Other cooperative arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TRAINING OF FOREIGN PARTICIPANTS IN CENSUS PROCEDURES AND GENERAL STATISTICS § 40.5 Other cooperative arrangements. The Bureau of the Census also undertakes the training of foreign...

2010-01-01

5

15 CFR 40.5 - Other cooperative arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TRAINING OF FOREIGN PARTICIPANTS IN CENSUS PROCEDURES AND GENERAL STATISTICS § 40.5 Other cooperative arrangements. The Bureau of the Census also undertakes the training of foreign...

2011-01-01

6

A Handbook for Cooperative Planning and Cooperative Arrangements in Adult Basic Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook for adult basic education (ABE) program operators is designed to provide an understanding of procedures involved in establishing or improving ABE/cooperative planning and arrangements (CP&A). It is organized around four major topics. Chapter 1 overviews community resource utilization in ABE programs. A systems approach to cooperative

Clark, Donald M.

7

78 FR 31943 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Contract Manufacturing Arrangements for Drugs: Quality Agreements...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Draft Guidance for Industry on Contract Manufacturing Arrangements for Drugs: Quality Agreements...for industry entitled ``Contract Manufacturing Arrangements for Drugs: Quality Agreements...parties) involved in the contract manufacturing of drugs subject to Current Good...

2013-05-28

8

76 FR 31345 - Cooperative Arrangement Between the United States Food and Drug Administration and the Inter...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice...FDA and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture. The purpose of the arrangement is to provide a...

2011-05-31

9

Heat transfer arrangement, heat transfer device and manufacturing method  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

The present invention relates to an arrangement for the heat transfer between a tubular body suitable for conducting a fluid and a contact body that is in contact with said tubular body, wherein the contact body comprises a contact side facing the tubular body, with which the contact body is in contact with an outside of the tubular body facing the contact body, wherein in a tensioned state of the arrangement a preload force presses the contact body against the tubular body in a preload direction. A high heat transfer efficiency even over an operating temperature range can be achieved if the outside in an un-tensioned state of the arrangement is convexly curved towards the contact body, if the outside in the tensioned state is deformed relative to the un-tensioned state and bears against the contact side surface-to-surface, and if in the interior of the support body a support structure is arranged, which in the tensioned state supports itself on two inner sides of the tubular body located opposite each other in the preload direction.

2013-12-24

10

Mirror, mirror on the wall--evaluating Fair Market Value for manufacturer-physician consulting arrangements.  

PubMed

Pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturers contract with thousands of physicians each year, and struggle to comply with the Fair Market Value requirements of the Anti-Kickback Statute's "personal services" safe harbor. Consultant arrangements between physicians and manufactures have come under increasing scrutiny by regulators. In 2007, the five leading Hip & Knee manufacturers entered into settlement agreements related to their contract practices with physician consultants. Government sources do not provide guidance for calculating Fair Market Value; however, this article recommends four principles to use when evaluating Fair Market Value methodologies. PMID:24475537

Eaton, Fred; Reid, Jaimee

2010-01-01

11

45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...cooperative arrangements with courts and law enforcement officials. 304.21 Section 304.21 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

12

Production, Manufacturing and Logistics Coordination of cooperative advertising in a two-level supply chain when manufacturer offers discount q  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the coordination of cooperative advertisement in a manufacturer-retailer supply chain when the manufac- turer offers price deductions to customers. With a price sensitive market, the expected demand with cooperative advertising and price deduction is demonstrated. When the manufacturer is a leader, we obtained the optimal national brand name investment, local advertisement and associated manufacturers allowance with any given

Jinfeng Yue; Jill Austin; Min-Chiang Wang; Zhimin Huang

13

Geothermal energy technology: issues, R and D needs, and cooperative arrangements  

SciTech Connect

In 1986, the National Research Council, through its Energy Engineering Board, formed the Committee on Geothermal Energy Technology. The committee's study addressed major issues in geothermal energy technology, made recommendations for research and development, and considered cooperative arrangements among government, industry, and universities to facilitate RandD under current severe budget constraints. The report addresses four types of geothermal energy: hydrothermal, geopressured, hot dry rock, and magma systems. Hydrothermal systems are the only type that are now economically competitive commercially. Further technology development by the Department of Energy could make the uneconomical hydrothermal resources commercially attractive to the industry. The economics are more uncertain for the longer-term technologies for extracting energy from geopressured, hot dry rock, and magma systems. For some sites, the cost of energy derived from geopressured and hot dry rock systems is projected within a commercially competitive range. The use of magma energy is too far in the future to make reasonable economic calculations.

Not Available

1987-01-01

14

42 CFR 441.306 - Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. 441.306 Section...arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. Whenever appropriate...care needs under the Maternal and Child Health program (Title V of the...

2013-10-01

15

Research on Quality Supervision Model for Cooperative Manufacturing Preparing Process in Virtual Enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of the analysis of internal and external research on current situation of quality supervision theory for cooperative manufacturing preparing process in virtual enterprise, the quality supervision model for cooperative manufacturing preparing process in virtual enterprise is firstly constructed; and secondly, this paper mainly probes into contents and quantitative method of the supervision and approve of process planning

Liu Shuqing; Chen Xiaojun

2008-01-01

16

Transit Fare Arrangements for Public Employees. Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Synthesis 82.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this synthesis is to document the state of the practice in terms of fare arrangements for public employees. Results of a cross section survey of transit agencies in North America are used to document important issues such as the following: ...

D. K. Boyle

2010-01-01

17

Health Hazard Evaluation Report, HETA-2007-0355-3102, Immortalis Botanicals, Farmville, Virginia, February 2010. Evaluation of Exposure to Epoxy Resin while Manufacturing Artificial Floral Arrangements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On August 31, 2007, NIOSH received an HHE request from management at Immortalis Botanicals (Immortalis) in Farmville, Virginia. The company was concerned about employee exposure to epoxy resin used during the manufacture of luxury artificial floral arrang...

C. Aristeguieta M. Rodriguez

2010-01-01

18

CPM: A collaborative process modeling for cooperative manufacturers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a manufacturing system, we need to capture collaborative processes among its components in order to clearly define supporting functions of a system. However, pervasive process modeling techniques, including IDEF3, Petri Nets, and UML, are not sufficient for modeling collaborative processes. Therefore, we have developed a novel modeling method referred to as collaborative process modeling (CPM) to describe collaborative processes.

Kwangyeol Ryu; Enver Yücesan

2007-01-01

19

Towards a standardised framework for a multi-agent system approach for cooperation in an original design manufacturing company  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design chain cooperation has attracted the attention of original design manufacturing (ODM) companies. Promoting design chain cooperation needs ODM companies and their design chain members to communicate and cooperate in a computer network environment. Owing to the characteristics of agents, the multi-agent system (MAS) has been considered a promising enabling technology for design chain cooperation and several all-purpose MAS development

Jiun-Shiung Lin; Chao Ou-Yang; Yeh-Chun Juan

2009-01-01

20

Cooperation between Manufacturers, Retailers, and Customers for User Co-Design: Learning from Exploratory Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to explore new modes of cooperation among users, retailers and manufacturers resulting from co-design - a customer-centric business strategy. Co-design activities are performed at dedicated interfaces and allow for the joint development of products and solutions between individual users and manufacturers. Our research on co- design is based on a deep interaction with case

Christoph Berger; Kathrin Möslein; Frank T. Piller; Ralf Reichwald

2005-01-01

21

75 FR 14128 - Approval for Manufacturing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 7, CooperVision Caribbean Corporation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Board [Order No. 1669] Approval for Manufacturing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 7, CooperVision Caribbean Corporation (Contact Lenses), Juana Diaz, Puerto Rico Pursuant to its authority under the Foreign-Trade Zones Act of June 18, 1934, as...

2010-03-24

22

Development of an industry-government cooperative energy conservation program for small manufacturers: phase I. Final report, Project 8978  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ultimate objective of this program is to determine the industrial energy conservation measures for small manufacturers that are practical, specific, rapidly implementable, and of reasonable cost. The approach being taken in this program is one in which the trade associations representing the various small manufacturers agree to cooperate in providing the necessary contacts and data for evaluating their respective

M. E. Fejer; P. A. Ketels

1976-01-01

23

Effects of Cooperative Incentives and Heterogeneous Arrangement on Achievement and Interaction of Cooperative Learning Groups in a College Life Science Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used multiple-choice instruments and classroom observations of elementary education majors (n=116) to examine the importance of cooperative incentives and heterogeneous grouping in cooperative learning. Results indicate no differences in the achievement of students in the group accountability and individual accountability conditions and do not…

Watson, Scott B.; Marshall, James E.

1995-01-01

24

Current status and trends in performance-based risk-sharing arrangements between healthcare payers and medical product manufacturers.  

PubMed

Our objective was to identify and characterize publicly available cases and related trends for performance-based risk-sharing arrangements (PBRSAs). We performed a review of PBRSAs over the past 20 years (1993-2013) using available databases and reports from colleagues and healthcare experts. These were categorized according to a previously published taxonomy of scheme types and assessed in terms of the underlying product and market attributes for each scheme. Macro-level trends were identified related to the timing of scheme adoption, countries involved, types of arrangements, and product and market factors. Our search yielded 148 arrangements. From this set, 65 arrangements included a coverage with an evidence development component, 20 included a conditional treatment continuation component, 54 included a performance-linked reimbursement component, and 42 included a financial utilization component. Each type of scheme addresses fundamental uncertainties that exist when products enter the market. The pace of adoption appears to be slowing, but new countries continue to implement PBRSAs. Over this 20-year period, there has been a consistent movement toward arrangements that minimize administrative burden. In conclusion, the pace of PBRSA adoption appears to be slowing but still has traction in many health systems. These remain a viable coverage and reimbursement mechanism for a wide range of medical products. The long-term viability and growth of these arrangements will rest in the ability of the parties to develop mutually beneficial arrangements that entail minimal administrative burden in their development and implementation. PMID:24664994

Carlson, Josh J; Gries, Katharine S; Yeung, Kai; Sullivan, Sean D; Garrison, Louis P

2014-06-01

25

Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of this month's issue is "cooperation"--related to animal, personal, national, and global cooperation; rules and regulations; and team efforts. K-8 resources on the theme include World Wide Web sites, CD-ROM, software, videos, books, and others. Features include cooperative living, alliances of nations, songs of cooperation, and animals…

Online-Offline, 1997

1997-01-01

26

Kan'i sosagata denshi sekkei seisan shien system no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku. (Research cooperation project on manufacturing technology supported by advanced and integrated information system through international cooperation (MATIC)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To support the advancement of basic industries including machine industry in Asian countries, research cooperation has been conducted for developing the manufacturing technology supported by advanced and integrated information system suitable for actual c...

1997-01-01

27

Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The manufacture of products requires massive amounts of energy. This informational piece, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to the energy needs of the manufacturing community. Students explore three ways that manufacturing uses energy and the importance of fossil fuels to the manufacturing sector. A replacement for fossil fuels is suggested. An article on manufacturing soft drink cans is accessible from a sidebar. A link to a PBS NewsHour article on communities that benefit from excess electric power is provided. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

28

Development of Inorganic Precursors for Manufacturing of Photovoltaic Devices: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-308  

SciTech Connect

Both NREL and Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials are interested in the development of solution phase metal and semiconductive precursors for the manufacturing of photovoltaic devices. In particular, we intend to develop material sets for atmospheric deposition processes. The cooperation between these two parties will enable high value materials and processing solutions for the manufacturing of low cost, roll-to-roll photovoltaics.

van Hest, M.; Ginley, D.

2013-06-01

29

Cost-of-Service vs. Uniform Pricing in a Cooperative Feed Manufacturing and Distribution System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 40-region nonlinear programming model of a cooperative livestock feed production and distribution system, including possibilities for on-farm processing, is used to compare system organization and performance given two pricing strategies. Use of one price regardless of location results I higher average costs to patrons than pricing products to reflect cost to each region. Transportation costs are increased using uniform

Keith L. Menzie; Paul V. Preckel; Lee F. Schrader

1987-01-01

30

SEMATECH and the University of Texas cooperative research in semiconductor manufacturing technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview is provided of current research in microelectronics manufacturing technology being conducted by University of Texas graduate students for SEMATECH's Factory Integration division. As part of these planned internships, the candidates for Master of Science degrees in Operations Research selected academic report topics related to factory performance issues for advanced-technology wafer fabrication facilities. The relevance of such work to

Steven Brown; Sarah E. Pittman

1995-01-01

31

Collaborative Arrangements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two conference papers describing various collaborative arrangements within the educational community among teachers, students and others are presented in this document. The first paper, "Successful Collaborations" (Eugene Cota-Robles), describes the following projects in California that seek to forge collaborations to improve the education of…

Cota-Robles, Eugene; Doby, Winston

32

Seal arrangement  

DOEpatents

A seal arrangement is provided for preventing gas leakage along a reciprocating piston rod or other reciprocating member passing through a wall which separates a high pressure gas chmber and a low pressure gas chamber. Liquid lubricant is applied to the lower pressure side of a sealing gland surrounding the piston rod to prevent the escape of gas between the rod and the gland. The sealing gland is radially forced against the piston rod by action of a plurality of axially stacked O-rings influenced by an axially acting spring as well as pressure from the gas.

Lundholm, Gunnar (Lund, SE)

1987-01-01

33

Arranging Addends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Sketchpad activity, which opens on Geometer's Sketchpad and on iOS with Sketchbook Explorer (cataloged separately), promotes logical reasoning skills and informally introduces the concept of sets. Student create Venn diagrams by arranging two or three different colored circles and placing given numbers in them to produce target sums. Sketchpad generates random challenges for the students, or they can create their own problems to share. The resource provides a movie with detailed instructions and downloadable PDFs: teacher notes and a student worksheet.

Scher, Daniel

2013-01-13

34

A comparative study on manufacturing strategy of Chinese and German manufacturer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalization leads to the movement of companies towards international cooperation in manufacturing. Manufacturing strategy (MS) is one of the most important issues for manufacturing companies to secure sustainable advantage. It is imperative for companies to understand the manufacturing strategy of their international cooperators to ensure cooperation success. In the last decades, more and more Sino-German cooperative Manufacturing has been occurred.

Y. Q. Wang; Y. F. Hao

2010-01-01

35

New Paradigms in International University/Industry/Government Cooperation. Canada-China Collaboration in Advanced Manufacturing Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Chinese university and a Canadian university collaborated on an advanced manufacturing technologies project designed to address human resource development needs in China. The project featured university/industry/government partnership and attention to environmental issues. (SK)

Bulgak, Akif Asil; Liquan, He

1996-01-01

36

Eco-Innovation Through Integration, Regulation and Cooperation: Comparative Insights from Case Studies in Three Manufacturing Sectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the role of integration of environmental aspects with corporate strategy in private firms as well as institutional factors relating to market demand, cooperation and regulation as antecedents for eco-innovations. Using a framework based on evolutionary economic concepts, the paper derives results from analysing nine case studies and finds that the realization of eco-innovation is often an activity

Marcus Wagner; Patrick Llerena

2011-01-01

37

45 CFR 302.34 - Cooperative arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in locating noncustodial parents, establishing paternity and securing support, to the extent that...provisions for the investigation and prosecution of fraud directly related to paternity and child and spousal support, and...

2010-10-01

38

45 CFR 302.34 - Cooperative arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in locating noncustodial parents, establishing paternity and securing support, to the extent that...provisions for the investigation and prosecution of fraud directly related to paternity and child and spousal support, and...

2009-10-01

39

Dynamic Face Seal Arrangement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A radial face seal arrangement is disclosed comprising a stationary seal ring that is spring loaded against a seal seat affixed to a rotating shaft. The radial face seal arrangement further comprises an arrangement that not only allows for preloading of the stationary seal ring relative to the seal seat, but also provides for dampening yielding a dynamic seating response for the radial face seal arrangement. The overall seal system, especially regarding the selection of the material for the stationary seal ring, is designed to operate over a wide temperature range from below ambient up to 900 C.

Dellacorte, Christopher (Inventor)

1999-01-01

40

Educational Cooperatives. PREP-23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dr. Larry W. Hughes and Dr. C. M. Achilles of the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, conducted a national survey for the Office of Education on educational cooperatives--studying and reporting on the nature and kind of cooperative endeavors, their organization, governance, financial arrangements, services, and personnel. Their study focused upon…

National Center for Educational Communication (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.

41

Room Arrangement. Beginnings Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workshop articles address the importance of room arrangement in early childhood settings: "Creating Environments that Intrigue and Delight Children and Adults" (Wendy Shepherd and Jennifer Eaton); "3 Keys to Flexible Room Arrangement" (Elizabeth Prescott); "Mood: The Spirit of Place" (Anita Rui Olds); and "Meeting Adult Needs within the Classroom"…

Shepherd, Wendy; And Others

1997-01-01

42

Control rod cluster arrangement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a nuclear reactor including nuclear core which is cooled and moderated by light water, the nuclear core comprising a plurality of parallel arranged openings therethrough and interspersed among the fuel assemblies. A control rod cluster arrangement comprises load follow control rod cluster assemblies with each load follow control rod cluster assembly being adapted to slidingly fit within

W. L. Orr; P. K. Doshi; C. M. Mildrum; T. R. Freeman

1987-01-01

43

Arranging Droplets for Microfluidics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The online generation, organization and manipulation of monodisperse droplets in confinement present new possibilities for microfluidics. Droplets make excellent compartments for handling minute quantities of chemical, biological and particulate materials. When confined, a high dispersed phase volume fraction emulsion, i.e. gel emulsion, will self-organize into well-defined arrangements. The possible arrangements are dependent on the droplet size and the length-scale of

Craig Priest; Enkhtuul Surenjav; Magdalena Ulmeanu; Stephan Herminghaus; Ralf Seemann

2006-01-01

44

Sense circuit arrangement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A unique, two-node sense circuit is disclosed. The circuit includes a bridge comprised of resistance elements and a differential amplifier. The two-node circuit is suitably adapted to be arranged in an array comprised of a plurality of discrete bridge-amplifiers which can be selectively energized. The circuit is arranged so as to form a configuration with minimum power utilization and a reduced number of components and interconnections therebetween.

Bohning, Oliver D. (Inventor)

1976-01-01

45

Cooperative information systems engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative information systems (CIS) aim at continued cooperativity between user groups through componentized networks of information systems. Change management is therefore a definitional part of CIS. We advocate a conceptual modeling strategy for addressing this task, and illustrate it with experiences gained in WibQuS, a project aimed at CIS support for Total Quality Management in manufacturing organizations. These experiences emphasize

Matthias Jarke; Manfred A. Jeusfeld; Peter Peters; Peter Szczurko

1995-01-01

46

Fuel cell stack arrangements  

DOEpatents

Arrangements of stacks of fuel cells and ducts, for fuel cells operating with separate fuel, oxidant and coolant streams. An even number of stacks are arranged generally end-to-end in a loop. Ducts located at the juncture of consecutive stacks of the loop feed oxidant or fuel to or from the two consecutive stacks, each individual duct communicating with two stacks. A coolant fluid flows from outside the loop, into and through cooling channels of the stack, and is discharged into an enclosure duct formed within the loop by the stacks and seals at the junctures at the stacks.

Kothmann, Richard E. (Churchill Boro, PA); Somers, Edward V. (Murrysville, PA)

1982-01-01

47

Control rod cluster arrangement  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a nuclear reactor including nuclear core which is cooled and moderated by light water, the nuclear core comprising a plurality of parallel arranged openings therethrough and interspersed among the fuel assemblies. A control rod cluster arrangement comprises load follow control rod cluster assemblies with each load follow control rod cluster assembly being adapted to slidingly fit within each of some of the fuel assemblies in the parallel arranged openings, the load follow control rod cluster assemblies each comprising a plurality of elongated parallel arranged rods attached to a single spider, and including a first group of rods and a second group of rods, the first group of rods and the second each consisting of a plurality of absorber rods. The first group of rods consist of absorber rods taken from the group consisting of B/sub 4/C, hafnium, or silver-indium-cadmium and the second group of rods consist of absorber rods each consisting of stainless steel, the first group of rods and the second group of rods each being integrally attached at all times to the single spider, the absorber rods of the second group of rods being dispersed throughout the control rod cluster assembly. The first group of rods have a first neutron capture cross section and the second group of rods have a second neutron capture cross section different from the first cross section.

Orr, W.L.; Doshi, P.K.; Mildrum, C.M.; Freeman, T.R.

1987-02-10

48

University/Industry Cooperative Interactions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Factors essential to getting a more successful cooperative arrangement between university and industry are summarized: A high commitment by both faculty and high level administrators at the university to the concept of creating a recognized university res...

J. A. Bonnet J. T. Pytlinski

1985-01-01

49

Training Courses by Japanese Computer Manufacturers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the status of training courses conducted by computer manufacturers for their employees, including types of training, trainee classification, course arrangement, fees, examples of courses provided by manufacturers, trends, and future expectations. (MBR)

Hanaoka, Sho

1985-01-01

50

The Use of Consultants by Manufacturers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study was to identify and evaluate characteristics of the consulting experiences of small manufacturing firms located in Virginia. The findings are based on replies from the 961 manufacturing firms that cooperated in the study. The inve...

D. C. Ekey W. D. Robbins

1964-01-01

51

Hydrostatic drive arrangement  

SciTech Connect

A hydrostatic drive arrangement is described for a vehicle which consists of: a pair of variable speed hydrostatic transmissions each having a hydraulic pump, a hydraulic motor and a closed loop hydraulic circuit interconnecting the pump and the motor for communicating fluid therebetween; synchronizing valve means interconnected between the hydraulic circuits of the transmissions normally permitting interflow of fluid through first passage means between the hydraulic circuits for synchronizing the output speeds of the transmissions when the fluid pressure in the hydraulic circuits is below a predetermined value, the synchronizing valve means being responsive to fluid pressures in the hydraulic circuits to restrict interflow therebetween through restricted second passage means when the fluid pressure in one of the hydraulic circuits exceeds the predetermined value; a hydraulic charge pump connected with the closed loop hydraulic circuits for replenishing fluid lost from the hydraulic circuits; and selector valve means disposed between the hydraulic charge pump and the synchronizing valve means for selectively communicating the synchronizing valve means normally blocking communication between the synchronizing valve means and the hydraulic charge pump and establishing communication between the synchronizing valve means and the drain thereby permitting interflow of fluid between the hydraulic circuits, and means responsive to a steering operation of the vehicle to establish communication between the synchronizing valve means and the hydraulic charge pump thereby blocking interflow of fluid between the hydraulic circuits.

Hoashi, K.; Morita, K.; Matsuda, K.

1986-04-22

52

Transmission gearing arrangement  

SciTech Connect

A gearing arrangement is described for an automotive power transmission comprising: an input shaft and an output shaft; first, second, and third simple planetary gear sets. Each has a sun gear, a ring gear, and a planet gears meshing with the sun and the ring gears and rotatably supported on a planet carrier; means rigidly interconnecting the ring gear of the third gear set and the carrier of the second gear set; means rigidly interconnecting the ring gear of the second gear set and the carrier of the first gear set; means rigidly connecting the output shaft and the carrier of the third gear set; a first intermediate shaft rigidly interconnecting the sun gears of the second and the third gear sets for unitary rotation; a second intermediate shaft rigidly connected to the carrier of the second gear set; a third intermediate shaft continuously connected to the input shaft and to the sun gear of the first gear set; first, second, and third brake means operative to selectively brake rotation of the ring gears of the first, the second, and the third gear sets, respectively; a first rotating clutch selectively operable to connect the input shaft and the first intermediate shaft for unitary rotation; a second rotating clutch selectively operable to connect the input shaft and the second intermediate shaft for unitary rotation; a fourth simple planetary gear set including a sun gear and a ring gear and planet gears meshing with the sun and the ring gears and rotatably supported on a planet carrier; means rigidly connecting the sun gear of the fourth gear set to the third intermediate shaft; means rigidly connecting the ring gear of the fourth gear set to the carrier of the first gear set; and a fourth brake means selectively operable to brake the carrier of the fourth gear set. The nine forward ratios are obtainable while preserving a single transition shifting over the entire nine forward ratios.

Klemen, D.

1987-08-04

53

The state of gainsharing arrangements.  

PubMed

It has been roughly a year since the Office of Inspection General issued Advisory Opinion 01-1 approving a gainsharing arrangement between a hospital and a group of cardiac surgeons. Advisory Opinion 01-1 caught some by surprise, given the position taken by the OIG in its July 1999 Special Advisory Bulletin that gainsharing arrangements were contrary to the provisions of Section 1128A(b)(1) of the Social Security Act. To many, the Special Advisory Bulletin put an end to any plans to establish a gainsharing arrangement. Many questioned whether Advisory Opinion 01-1 would result in a renewed interest in establishing gainsharing arrangements between hospitals and physicians. If the number of OIG advisory opinions issued by the OIG addressing gainsharing arrangements subsequent to Advisory Opinion 01-1 is any indication, the answer to this question is a resounding no. It is possible, however, that some hospitals established gainsharing programs but simply chose not to seek an OIG advisory opinion on the arrangement. Alternatively, some hospitals may have decided not to enter into true gainsharing arrangements with physicians, but instead are exploring hybrids of true gainsharing arrangements more akin to management or consulting arrangements. PMID:12148481

Shay, Albert W; Murphy, Stacey L

2002-01-01

54

The Aesthetics of Behavioral Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With their origins in scientific validation, behavior-analytic applications have understandably been developed with an engineering rather than a crafting orientation. Nevertheless, traditions of craftsmanship can be instructive for devising aesthetically pleasing arrangements--arrangements that people will try, and having tried, will choose to…

Hineline, Philip N.

2005-01-01

55

32. Photograph of a line drawing. 'REACTOR ARRANGEMENT, BUILDING 'D', ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. Photograph of a line drawing. 'REACTOR ARRANGEMENT, BUILDING 'D', PLANT 'B'. Holston Ordnance Works, Tennessee Eastman Corporation. October 21, 1942. Delineator: Unknown. Drawing # 7651-1004.228. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

56

Manufacturing Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM), "manufacturing is the engine that drives American prosperity". When NAM and its research and education arm, The Manufacturing Institute, released the handbook, "The Facts About Modern Manufacturing," in October 2006, NAM President John Engler noted, that manufacturing output in America…

Reese, Susan

2007-01-01

57

Nucleosome-mediated cooperativity between transcription factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative binding of transcription factors (TFs) to cis-regulatory regions\\u000a(CRRs) is essential for precision of gene expression in development and other\\u000aprocesses. The classical model of cooperativity requires direct interactions\\u000abetween TFs, thus constraining the arrangement of TFs sites in a CRR. On the\\u000acontrary, genomic and functional studies demonstrate a great deal of\\u000aflexibility in such arrangements with variable

Leonid A. Mirny

2009-01-01

58

Seal arrangement for intersecting conduits  

DOEpatents

A seal arrangement in which two intersecting conduits are sealed from each other. A sleeve insert is locked in a sealed relationship within one conduit enclosing the openings of the intersecting conduit.

Goedicke, Friedrich E. (Trafford, PA)

1980-01-01

59

Marital Status and Living Arrangements  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Preliminary data from the Marital Status and Living Arrangements survey is available from the Census Bureau. At the site users may also view previous annual reports, which contain limited detail tables for states and some metropolitan areas.

1998-01-01

60

Grinding arrangement for ball nose milling cutters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A grinding arrangement for spiral fluted ball nose end mills and like tools includes a tool holder for positioning the tool relative to a grinding wheel. The tool is mounted in a spindle within the tool holder for rotation about its centerline and the tool holder is pivotably mounted for angular movement about an axis which intersects that centerline. A follower arm of a cam follower secured to the spindle cooperates with a specially shaped cam to provide rotation of the tool during the angular movement of the tool holder during the grinding cycle, by an amount determined by the cam profile. In this way the surface of the cutting edge in contact with the grinding wheel is maintained at the same height on the grinding wheel throughout the angular movement of the tool holder during the grinding cycle.

Burch, C. F. (inventor)

1974-01-01

61

Hadza Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strong reciprocity is an effective way to promote cooperation. This is especially true when one not only cooperates with cooperators\\u000a and defects on defectors (second-party punishment) but even punishes those who defect on others (third-party, “altruistic”\\u000a punishment). Some suggest we humans have a taste for such altruistic punishment and that this was important in the evolution\\u000a of human cooperation. To

Frank W. Marlowe

2009-01-01

62

Cooperative Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cooperative Learning involves structuring classes around small groups that work together in such a way that each group member's success is dependent on the group's success. There are different kinds of groups for different situations, but they all balance some key elements that distinguish cooperative learning from competitive or individualistic learning. This website discusses how to use cooperative learning in the classroom and provides cooperative learning techniques.

Rebecca Teed, John McDaris, Cary Roseth

2010-01-01

63

Reference architecture for holonic manufacturing systems: PROSA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future manufacturing systems need to cope with frequent changes and disturbances. As such, their control requires constant adaptation and high flexibility. Holonic manufacturing is a highly distributed control paradigm that promises to handle these problems successfully. It is based on the concept of autonomous co-operating agents, called `holons'. This paper gives an overview of the holonic reference architecture for manufacturing

Hendrik Van Brussel; Jo Wyns; Paul Valckenaers; Luc Bongaerts; Patrick Peeters

1998-01-01

64

The ASLA Report on Interlibrary Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of the first attempt at a comprehensive survey to identify and document interlibrary cooperation activities in each of the 50 states and United States territories are reported. Compiled by the Interlibrary Cooperation Subcommittee of the Association of State Library Agencies, the report is arranged by state and territory. It contains…

Association of State Library Agencies, Chicago, IL.

65

Kan'i sosagata denshi sekkei seisan shien system no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku. (Manufacturing technology supported by advanced and integrated information system through international cooperation in fiscal 1994).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Among NEDO's international research cooperation projects, the paper described Japan's cooperation with Asian countries in development of an easy-operated electronic design/production supporting system. The project aims to realize information realtime tech...

1995-01-01

66

Why Manufacturing?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page from the Florida Advanced Technological Education Center for Manufacturing (FLATE) will help students and educators looking at domestic manufacturing. The page highlights products manufactured in the state of Florida including food, beverages, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, metals, plastics, electronic devices and more. A video on the variety of items manufactured in the state of Florida is available in both English and Spanish.

2011-09-19

67

Cooperative Binding  

PubMed Central

Molecular binding is an interaction between molecules that results in a stable association between those molecules. Cooperative binding occurs if the number of binding sites of a macromolecule that are occupied by a specific type of ligand is a nonlinear function of this ligand's concentration. This can be due, for instance, to an affinity for the ligand that depends on the amount of ligand bound. Cooperativity can be positive (supralinear) or negative (infralinear). Cooperative binding is most often observed in proteins, but nucleic acids can also exhibit cooperative binding, for instance of transcription factors. Cooperative binding has been shown to be the mechanism underlying a large range of biochemical and physiological processes.

Stefan, Melanie I.; Le Novere, Nicolas

2013-01-01

68

75 FR 10210 - Market Development Cooperator Program 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Management (OPCM), Manufacturing and Services (MAS...U.S. workers and firms by promoting international...Cooperator Program, Manufacturing and Services, ITA...medium-size enterprises (SMEs). The mission goals...award. Private industry firms or groups of firms...

2010-03-05

69

Manufacturing Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Objective 7:05 - Students will develop an awareness of the designed World through : Describing a manufacturing system; listing and describing the basic type of manufacturing; defining production and manufacturing enterprise;defining AGV, CAD, CIM, CAM, CNC, production tooling, automation, and material processes. Day 1: Introduction/Background Objective Preassessment: Use a KWL chart to assess your students prior knowledge. This will also help you deal with any misconceptions regarding manufacturing system. Students will use the curriculum companion PowerPoint and Objective 7.05 Outline to develop an awarness of: Define manufacturing List and describe the basic types of Manufacturing Student ...

Wallace, S.

2010-07-16

70

Arrangement and method for the production of liquid natural gas  

SciTech Connect

An arrangement and a method for the increase in the production of liquid natural gas and the conservation of energy and reduction of flash gas in a liquid natural gas manufacturing installation and, more particularly, the reduction in the quantity of formed flash gas through the novel utilization of a hydraulic expander in the installation for extracting work from the flow of liquid natural gas prior to flashing thereof.

Brundige, V.L. Jr.

1984-06-26

71

76 FR 14405 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Guidance for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry: Cooperative Manufacturing Arrangements for Licensed Biologics...guidance for industry on cooperative manufacturing arrangements for licensed biologics...Guidance For Industry: Cooperative Manufacturing Arrangements for Licensed...

2011-03-16

72

Manufacturing Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States (US) is the world's largest producer of manufactured goods, enabling the military and other government agencies to meet national security requirements while employing millions of Americans. The manufacturing sector is comprised of dispar...

J. Calahan D. C. Grohoski H. Halevi S. L. Kett J. J. Klotsko

2005-01-01

73

Advanced Manufacturing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Advanced Manufacturing Industry Study visited a wide range of manufacturing firms and met with domestic and foreign industry leaders from academic institutions, research and development organizations and various trade and labor associations. This pape...

O. A. Ketbi A. Azaizeh W. Carrico R. Cook D. Cooke

2002-01-01

74

Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement  

DOEpatents

An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of .sqroot.3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor, with consequent reduced vibrations and improved efficiency.

Slavik, Charles J. (Rexford, NY); Rhudy, Ralph G. (Scotia, NY); Bushman, Ralph E. (Lathem, NY)

1997-01-01

75

Lean Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For instructors looking for a basic outline of what lean manufacturing is, this website provides the information in a brief, easy to read format. Students will learn about the history of lean manufacturing, the basic goals of lean manufacturing and key processes involved. An interesting section at the end of the webpage asks students to take a lean manufacturing viewpoint in regards to their own lives, considering areas like overproduction, waiting, inventory and overprocessing.

2013-07-29

76

Household Arrangements of Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter examines the living arrangements of young adults in Latin America in the mid-1970s. Young adulthood is a time\\u000a of life when many end an educational career, begin full-time employment, and start a family of their own. Most young adults\\u000a marry, whether formally or not, and become parents (even in societies with high rates of never-married individuals). Some\\u000a engage

Susan M. Vos

77

Cooperative Feed and Animal Health Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses the purchasing, distribution, and manufacturing of feed and animal health products. Livestock, poultry, and dairy farmers buy significant amounts of their feeds and animal health supplies through cooperatives. Farmers' ownership and c...

E. E. Eversull

1991-01-01

78

Secondary air control damper arrangement  

SciTech Connect

The outline of a tangentially-fired furnace combustion chamber is arranged to show a representative windbox in one corner of the furnace. The secondary air is disclosed as supplied through one set of vertically tiltable nozzles mounted in the windbox. The secondary air supply conduit is mounted to feed the tiltable nozzles. The secondary air supply conduit section adjacent to the nozzles has straightening vanes forming channels in which independently controlled louvers regulate the total cross-sectional area of the channels to maintain the desired velocity of the secondary air through the nozzles.

Chadshay, R.

1984-01-17

79

Ultra high vacuum seal arrangement  

DOEpatents

Arrangement for demountably sealing two concentric metallic tubes in an ultra high vacuum system which facilitates remote actuation. A tubular seal includes integral spaced lips which circumferentially engage the metallic tubes. The lips plastically deform the metallic tubes by mechanical forces resulting from a martensite to austenite transformation of the tubular seal upon application of a predetermined temperature. The sealing force is released upon application of another temperature which causes a transformation from the stronger austenite to the weaker martensite. Use of a dual acting sealing ring and driving ring circumferentially contacting the sealing ring is particularly applicable to sealing larger diameter concentric metallic members.

Flaherty, Robert (Mt. Lebanon, PA)

1981-01-01

80

Ultra high vacuum seal arrangement  

SciTech Connect

Arrangement for demountably sealing two concentric metallic tubes in an ultra high vacuum system which facilitates remote actuation is claimed. A tubular seal includes integral spaced lips which circumferentially engage the metallic tubes. The lips plastically deform the metallic tubes by mechanical forces resulting from a martensite to austenite transformation of the tubular seal upon application of a predetermined temperature. The sealing force is released upon application of another temperature which causes a transformation from the stronger austenite to the weaker martensite. Use of a dual acting sealing ring and driving ring circumferentially contacting the sealing ring is particularly applicable to sealing larger diameter concentric metallic members.

Flaherty, R.

1981-08-11

81

Manufacturer.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Website of the industrial association, providing access to the Manufacturing Alliance, the Manufacturing Database, the Manufacturing Research Center, and Manufacturer Magazine, which promotes best practices in manufacturing.

2007-10-05

82

Cable manufacture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A survey is presented of flat electrical cable manufacturing, with particular reference to patented processes. The economics of manufacture based on an analysis of material and operating costs is considered for the various methods. Attention is given to the competitive advantages of the several processes and their resulting products. The historical area of flat cable manufacture is presented to give a frame of reference for the survey.

Gamble, P.

1972-01-01

83

Cotton Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Numerous steps are required to prepare harvested seed cotton for entry into marketing channels as baled lint and cottonseed products. Farmer cooperatives play a major role in merchandising American cotton and cottonseed products, as well as performing and...

B. Reynolds

1985-01-01

84

Manufacturing Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Manufacturing Engineering is a monthly publication of the Society of Manufacturing Engineers. It is targeted primarily at manufacturing professionals, but it can also be of use to anyone with an interest in the field. This Web site posts between six and ten in-depth articles from each issue of the magazine. Examples of some topics that have been addressed in past issues include turbomachining processes, computer-aided design and manufacturing, and robotic assembly. The online archive maintains all previous monthly postings back to January 2000.

85

Innovative design of industrial-academic cooperation in baby products  

Microsoft Academic Search

We got the chance to cooperate with a baby product manufacturer in central Taiwan for this study after paying a personal visit. Students from the Commercial Design Department of a technology university were guided to create innovative designs for products according to the manufacturer's requirements. The industrial-academic cooperation generally helped the teachers and students gained a better understanding of problems

Ruilin Lin; Jingchen Xie

2010-01-01

86

76 FR 76895 - Conduit Financing Arrangements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part...Financing Arrangements AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury...final regulations apply to multiple-party financing arrangements...Treasury Department) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)...

2011-12-09

87

Designing flexible manufacturing systems with augmented reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technology of augmented reality (AR), as a new user interface, introduces a completely new perspective for the design of technical manufacturing systems. This technique supports face to face collaboration where users need to be able to easily cooperate with each other. As with typical construction sets like LEGO or Fischertechnik, planning engineers model the future manufacturing system in their

J. Fruend; C. Matysczok

2002-01-01

88

42 CFR 413.241 - Pharmacy arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Pharmacy arrangements. 413.241 Section...Organ Procurement Costs § 413.241 Pharmacy arrangements. Effective January 1...that enters into an arrangement with a pharmacy to furnish renal dialysis service...

2013-10-01

89

Federal Role in Fostering University-Industry Cooperation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Closer links between universities and industry in research and education can enhance technological innovation. However, cooperative arrangements between them are difficult to create and sustain because of differences in missions, values, and rewards. GAO ...

1983-01-01

90

Best Manufacturing Practices. Report of Survey Conducted at Sacramento Manufacturing and Services Division, Sacramento, CA.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report was produced by the Best Manufacturing Practices (BMP) program, a unique industry and government cooperative technology transfer effort that improves the competitiveness of America's industrial base both here and abroad. Our main goal at BMP i...

1995-01-01

91

Manufacturing technology  

SciTech Connect

The specific goals of the Manufacturing Technology thrust area are to develop an understanding of fundamental fabrication processes, to construct general purpose process models that will have wide applicability, to document our findings and models in journals, to transfer technology to LLNL programs, industry, and colleagues, and to develop continuing relationships with industrial and academic communities to advance our collective understanding of fabrication processes. Advances in four projects are described here, namely Design of a Precision Saw for Manufacturing, Deposition of Boron Nitride Films via PVD, Manufacturing and Coating by Kinetic Energy Metallization, and Magnet Design and Application.

Blaedel, K.L.

1997-02-01

92

Rapid response manufacturing (RRM)  

SciTech Connect

US industry is fighting to maintain its competitive edge in the global market place. Today markets fluctuate rapidly. Companies, to survive, have to be able to respond with quick-to-market, improved, high quality, cost efficient products. The way products are developed and brought to market can be improved and made more efficient through the proper incorporation of emerging technologies. The RRM project was established to leverage the expertise and resources of US private industries and federal agencies to develop, integrate, and deploy new technologies that meet critical needs for effective product realization. The RRM program addressed a needed change in the US Manufacturing infrastructure that will ensure US competitiveness in world market typified by mass customization. This project provided the effort needed to define, develop and establish a customizable infrastructure for rapid response product development design and manufacturing. A major project achievement was the development of a broad-based framework for automating and integrating the product and process design and manufacturing activities involved with machined parts. This was accomplished by coordinating and extending the application of feature-based product modeling, knowledge-based systems, integrated data management, and direct manufacturing technologies in a cooperative integrated computing environment. Key technological advancements include a product model that integrates product and process data in a consistent, minimally redundant manner, an advanced computer-aided engineering environment, knowledge-based software aids for design and process planning, and new production technologies to make products directly from design application software.

Cain, W.D. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Waddell, W.L. [National Centers for Manufacturing Sciences, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

1997-02-18

93

Railway locomotive fuel saving arrangement  

SciTech Connect

This invention discloses a method and device for reducing fuel consumption by a locomotive system comprised of a plurality of tandem diesel locomotives electrically interconnected so that one of the units is a lead unit and the remaining units are trailing units. In particular, the fuel saver arrangement of the present invention is capable of selectively placing one or more of the locomotives in the system in a ''throttle one'' power position without causing any significant reduction in the operating efficiency of the system's safety equipment. The locomotive is placed in the throttle one power position by means of switching relays that are operable to override the normal throttle control circuit of the locomotive. These relays respond to a fuel save signal that is generated in the control box located on the lead unit. The control box includes a fuel save switch operable to initiate and terminate the fuel save operation and a unit selector switch operable to select the locomotive to be reduced in power. Each locomotive within the system is also provided with a fuel saver set-up switch which electrically interconnects all of the diesel units of the system. The unit selector switch and the fuel saver set-up switches are multiple position gang switches which operate in conjunction with each other to provide the fuel save signal to the proper locomotive to be reduced in power by means of the unused train line wires and jumper cables present in a normal locomotive system.

Spigarelli, R.D.

1981-03-03

94

Cooling microfan arrangements and process  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A micro electrostatic cooling fan arrangement is provided which includes a heat source having a planar surface, a stator attached to the heat source, an axle attached to the heat source and spaced from the stator, a rotary element including a hub having an aperture therein and a fan blade, the axle passing through the aperture of the hub and the fan blade having a major surface thereof disposed at an angle with respect to the surface of the heat source and attached to the hub at one end, with the other end of the fan blade being adjacent to but spaced from the stator and a voltage source applied to the stator having sufficient voltage to charge the fan blade. Also, a process is provided for making a microfan which includes forming a strip of sacrificial material on a planar surface of a heat source, applying a spin on insulating layer over the heat source and the strip for producing a sloping surface extending from about the top of the strip toward the planar surface of the heat source, applying a layer of conductive material on the sloping surface and strip and defining from the layer of conductive material a fan blade on the sloping surface of the spin on insulating layer and a stator at one end of the fan blade.

1994-07-05

95

Semiconductor Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

6.780 Semiconductor Manufacturing, a course through MIT's OpenCourseWare, covers statistical modeling and the control of semiconductor fabrication processes and plants. Topics covered include: design of experiments, response surface modeling, and process optimization; defect and parametric yield modeling; process/device/circuit yield optimization; monitoring, diagnosis, and feedback control of equipment and processes; and analysis and scheduling of semiconductor manufacturing operations. Course materials are downloadable via a zip file.

2012-07-19

96

Cooperative Regions for Coded Cooperative Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperation of mobiles provides signal diversity in wireless networks. In this paper, we consider a coded cooperative system under Rayleigh fading and path loss. For an arbitrary signal to noise ratio, we find conditions on the user geometry for two-user cooperation to be beneficial. We find that whether cooperation is useful or not is only determined by the cooper- ation

Zinan Lin; Elza Erkip; Andrej Stefanov

2004-01-01

97

Quadrilaterals and pentagons in arrangements of lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Let pk denote the number of k-sided faces in an arrangement of n=5 lines in the real projective plane. B. Grünbaum has shown that p4=1\\/2n(n-3) and has conjectured that equality can occur only for simple arrangements. We prove this conjecture here. We also show that 4p4+5p5=3n holds for every simple arrangement of n=4 lines. This latter result is a strengthening

Jean-Pierre Roudneff

1987-01-01

98

Comparison of Cooperative and Noncooperative Purchasing in School Nutrition Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare food cost and public school foodservice directors' satisfaction between districts participating in school foodservice cooperatives or group purchasing arrangements and districts purchasing independently. It also assessed the prevalence of purchasing cooperatives in school foodservice and…

Rice, Beth W.; Strohbehn, Catherine; Shelly, Mark C.; Arendt, Susan; Gregoire, Mary

2010-01-01

99

International cooperation.  

PubMed

As the most densely populated country in the world, China actively conducts international exchanges and cooperation. It takes every opportunity to publicize its family planning policies and practices during international forums. Moreover, the country's State Family Planning Commission has been collaborating with the United Nations Population Fund in implementing health and family planning programs. This program covers public awareness campaigns, technical services, sex education for the youth, and social marketing. For years, China has also been cooperating with WHO in the area of family planning and reproductive health, and has established partnership with the Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning. In addition, the State Family Planning Commission has worked with the Public Media Center of the US as well as with the Rockefeller Foundation and Ford Foundation in introducing "contraceptive methods by informed choice" and "male participation in family planning" in the rural areas of the country. China has also worked closely with many other developing countries on population issues. In October 1998, China collaborated with the Partners in Population and Development for a reporting mission that was attended by journalists from 11 countries. PMID:12349160

1999-04-01

100

Microgravity Manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Manufacturing capability in outer space remains one of the critical milestones to surpass to allow humans to conduct long-duration manned space exploration. The high cost-to-orbit for leaving the Earth's gravitational field continues to be the limiting factor in carrying sufficient hardware to maintain extended life support in microgravity or on other planets. Additive manufacturing techniques, or 'chipless' fabrication, like RP are being considered as the most promising technologies for achieving in situ or remote processing of hardware components, as well as for the repair of existing hardware. At least three RP technologies are currently being explored for use in microgravity and extraterrestrial fabrication.

Cooper, Ken; Munafo, Paul M. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

101

77 FR 22480 - Conduit Financing Arrangements; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part...Arrangements; Correction AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury...final regulations apply to multiple-party financing arrangements...is under section 881 of the Internal Revenue Code. Need for...

2012-04-16

102

Cooling arrangement for a tapered turbine blade  

DOEpatents

A cooling arrangement (11) for a highly tapered gas turbine blade (10). The cooling arrangement (11) includes a pair of parallel triple-pass serpentine cooling circuits (80,82) formed in an inner radial portion (50) of the blade, and a respective pair of single radial channel cooling circuits (84,86) formed in an outer radial portion (52) of the blade (10), with each single radial channel receiving the cooling fluid discharged from a respective one of the triple-pass serpentine cooling circuit. The cooling arrangement advantageously provides a higher degree of cooling to the most highly stressed radially inner portion of the blade, while providing a lower degree of cooling to the less highly stressed radially outer portion of the blade. The cooling arrangement can be implemented with known casting techniques, thereby facilitating its use on highly tapered, highly twisted Row 4 industrial gas turbine blades that could not be cooled with prior art cooling arrangements.

Liang, George (Palm City, FL)

2010-07-27

103

Arrangements of codimension-one submanifolds  

SciTech Connect

We study the number f of connected components in the complement to a finite set (arrangement) of closed submanifolds of codimension 1 in a closed manifold M. In the case of arrangements of closed geodesics on an isohedral tetrahedron, we find all possible values for the number fof connected components. We prove that the set of numbers that cannot be realized by the number f of an arrangement of n {>=} 71 projective planes in the three-dimensional real projective space is contained in the similar known set of numbers that are not realizable by arrangements of n lines on the projective plane. For Riemannian surfaces M we express the number f via a regular neighbourhood of a union of immersed circles and the multiplicities of their intersection points. For m-dimensional Lobachevskii space we find the set of all possible numbers f for hyperplane arrangements. Bibliography: 18 titles.

Shnurnikov, Igor' N

2012-09-30

104

A Class of Baker-Akhiezer Arrangements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study a class of arrangements of lines with multiplicities on the plane which admit the Chalykh-Veselov Baker-Akhiezer function. These arrangements are obtained by adding multiplicity one lines in an invariant way to any dihedral arrangement with invariant multiplicities. We describe all the Baker-Akhiezer arrangements when at most one line has multiplicity higher than 1. We study associated algebras of quasi-invariants which are isomorphic to the commutative algebras of quantum integrals for the generalized Calogero-Moser operators. We compute the Hilbert series of these algebras and we conclude that the algebras are Gorenstein. We also show that there are no other arrangements with Gorenstein algebras of quasi-invariants when at most one line has multiplicity bigger than 1.

Feigin, Misha; Johnston, David

2014-06-01

105

ENHANCING RELIABILITY OF A CONTINUOUS MANUFACTURING SYSTEM USING WIP BUFFERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuous Manufacturing System (CMS), usually employed for mass production, has a serial line arrangement of different machines. These are arranged in sequence of operations to produce a specified product. In such CMS, over long period of usage, the production rate comes down, due to failures of machines in the line. Thus, reliability i.e. probability that such a CMS will give

P. C. Sethi; Somani Sunil; A. I. Khandwawala

2008-01-01

106

75 FR 2889 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-International...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative Notice is hereby given that, on...S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative (``iNEMI'') has filed...

2010-01-19

107

Manufacturing technology  

SciTech Connect

This bulletin depicts current research on manufacturing technology at Sandia laboratories. An automated, adaptive process removes grit overspray from jet engine turbine blades. Advanced electronic ceramics are chemically prepared from solution for use in high- voltage varistors. Selective laser sintering automates wax casting pattern fabrication. Numerical modeling improves performance of photoresist stripper (simulation on Cray supercomputer reveals path to uniform plasma). And mathematical models help make dream of low- cost ceramic composites come true.

Leonard, J.A.; Floyd, H.L.; Goetsch, B.; Doran, L. [eds.

1993-08-01

108

Solar collector manufacturing activity, 1988  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy in cooperation with the Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy. The report presents data on producer shipments and end uses obtained from manufacturers and importers of solar thermal collectors and photovoltaic modules. It provides annual data necessary for the Department of Energy to execute its responsibility to: (1) monitor activities and trends in the solar collector manufacturing industry, (2) prepare the national energy strategy, and (3) provide information on the size and status of the industry to interested groups such as the U.S. Congress, government agencies, the Solar Energy Research institute, solar energy specialists, manufacturers, and the general public.

1989-11-01

109

REGIONAL MANUFACTURING TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect

This project covers four CRADAS (Cooperative Research and Development Agreements) which were initiated in 1991 and 1993. The two CRADAS with the state of Tennessee and the state of Florida were to provide technical assistance to small manufacturers in those states and the CRADA with the Tennessee Technology Foundation was to engage in joint economic development activities within the state. These three CRADAS do not fit the traditional definition of CRADAS and would be administered by other agreement mechanisms, today. But in these early days of technology transfer efforts, the CRADA mechanism was already developed and usable. The CRADA with Coors Ceramics is a good example of a CRADA and was used to develop nondestructive testing technology for ceramic component inspection. The report describes the background of this project, its economic impact, and its benefits to the U. S. Department of Energy.

EASON, H.A.

1997-02-21

110

How Changing Energy Markets Affect Manufacturing  

EIA Publications

The market for natural gas has been changing for quite some time. As part of natural gas restructuring, gas pipelines wereopened to multiple users. Manufacturers or their representatives could go directly to the wellhead to purchase their naturalgas, arrange the transportation, and have the natural gas delivered either by the local distribution company or directly througha connecting pipeline.

Information Center

2000-03-01

111

Percentage compensation arrangements: suspect, but not illegal.  

PubMed

Percentage compensation arrangements, in which a service is outsourced to a contractor that is paid in accordance with the level of its performance, are widely used in many business sectors. The HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) has shown concern that these arrangements in the healthcare industry may offer incentives for the performance of unnecessary services or cause false claims to be made to Federal healthcare programs in violation of the antikickback statute and the False Claims Act. Percentage compensation arrangements can work and need not run afoul of the law as long as the healthcare organization carefully oversees the arrangement and sets specific safeguards in place. These safeguards include screening contractors, carefully evaluating their compliance programs, and obligating them contractually to perform within the limits of the law. PMID:11211487

Fedor, F P

2001-01-01

112

Cooperative Digoxin Experiment I - Summary Report, Clinical Chemistry Division, 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Numerous clinical laboratories and manufacturers of diagnostic products were invited to participate in an experiment to assess the present status of assays for the quantitation of digoxin. The response was excellent, and a cooperative digoxin experiment w...

W. H. Hannon D. M. Fast

1978-01-01

113

Economic determinants of IMF financial arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze factors that lead to IMF approval of financial arrangements. We account for both economic variables that induce a country to seek an IMF arrangement (‘demand-side’ factors) and macroeconomic policy commitments that the IMF considers when deciding whether to approve it (‘supply-side’ factors). Using a pooled sample of annual observations for 91 developing countries over 1973–1991, we obtain maximum

Malcolm Knight; Julio A. Santaella

1997-01-01

114

77 FR 35366 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperation Between the United States of America and the Republic of Kazakhstan Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. DATES: This...Japan, to Ulba Metallurgical Plant in Ust-Kamengorsk, Kazakhstan. The material, which is currently located at Nuclear...

2012-06-13

115

Turbine Manufacture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The machinery pictured is a set of Turbodyne steam turbines which power a sugar mill at Bell Glade, Florida. A NASA-developed computer program called NASTRAN aided development of these and other turbines manufactured by Turbodyne Corporation's Steam Turbine Division, Wellsville, New York. An acronym for NASA Structural Analysis Program, NASTRAN is a predictive tool which advises development teams how a structural design will perform under service use conditions. Turbodyne uses NASTRAN to analyze the dynamic behavior of steam turbine components, achieving substantial savings in development costs. One of the most widely used spinoffs, NASTRAN is made available to private industry through NASA's Computer Software Management Information Center (COSMIC) at the University of Georgia.

1979-01-01

116

Stacked arrangement of microstrip patch antenna for improved performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper designing of microstrip patch antenna has been done. Further to improve the results obtained from single layer patch stack arrangement has been done. This paper presents a stack arrangement of microstrip patch antenna to improve the bandwidth for communication. For this purpose IE3D software has been taken for experimental study. Planer designs are mostly preferred for these structures, due to their advantages of small size, low manufacturing cost and conformabilty. Microstrip patch antenna of 20mm×20 mm size is designed on a FR4 substrate of thickness 1.59mm and relative permittivity of 4.4 and mounted above the ground plate at a height of 6mm. A stack of size 18×18mm is fabricated with air gap between them. High Bandwidth is obtained with stable pattern characterization, such as gain and polarization within its bandwidth. Impedance matching is also observed for this case. Details of the measured and simulated results are presented and discussed in this paper.

Sharma, Laxmi; Chauhan, Meenakshi; Bhomiya, Yogesh; Mathur, Garima

2013-06-01

117

Cooling arrangement for a superconducting coil  

DOEpatents

A superconducting device, such as a superconducting rotor for a generator or motor. A vacuum enclosure has an interior wall surrounding a cavity containing a vacuum. A superconductive coil is placed in the cavity. A generally-annularly-arranged, thermally-conductive sheet has an inward-facing surface contacting generally the entire outward-facing surface of the superconductive coil. A generally-annularly-arranged coolant tube contains a cryogenic fluid and contacts a generally-circumferential portion of the outward-facing surface of the sheet. A generally-annularly-arranged, thermally-insulative coil overwrap generally circumferentially surrounds the sheet. The coolant tube and the inward-facing surface of the coil overwrap together contact generally the entire outward-facing surface of the sheet.

Herd, Kenneth Gordon (Niskayuna, NY); Laskaris, Evangelos Trifon (Schenectady, NY)

1998-06-30

118

76 FR 72723 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Fieldbus Foundation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production...to Section 6(a) of the National Cooperative Research and Production...end users, manufacturers, universities and research organizations...provides integrity, business intelligence and open scalable...

2011-11-25

119

Characteristics of and Preference for Alternative Work Arrangements, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preference for alternative work arrangements increased between 1995 and 1997. Independent contractors and contract company workers are more satisfied with these arrangements. Temporary and on-call workers, whose schedules and income are more unpredictable, would prefer traditional arrangements. (SK)

DiNatale, Marisa

2001-01-01

120

39 CFR 255.7 - Special arrangements for postal services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...request or complaint about a special arrangement for postal...postal regulations. If no special arrangements are required...in consultation with the district manager or area manager, as needed, may provide a special arrangement or take...

2013-07-01

121

29 CFR 779.230 - Franchise and other arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Arrangements § 779.230 Franchise and other arrangements. ...Congress recognized that some franchise, lease, or other arrangements...effect a unit in a unified chain operation. In such cases...control. (b) The term âfranchiseâ is not susceptible of...

2013-07-01

122

29 CFR 779.230 - Franchise and other arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Arrangements § 779.230 Franchise and other arrangements. ...Congress recognized that some franchise, lease, or other arrangements...effect a unit in a unified chain operation. In such cases...control. (b) The term âfranchiseâ is not susceptible of...

2010-07-01

123

29 CFR 779.230 - Franchise and other arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Arrangements § 779.230 Franchise and other arrangements. ...Congress recognized that some franchise, lease, or other arrangements...effect a unit in a unified chain operation. In such cases...control. (b) The term âfranchiseâ is not susceptible of...

2009-07-01

124

20 CFR 725.705 - Arrangements for medical care.  

...2014-04-01 false Arrangements for medical care. 725.705 Section 725.705 Employees... § 725.705 Arrangements for medical care. (a) Operator liability. ...necessary arrangements to provide medical care to the miner, notify the miner and...

2014-04-01

125

The Relationship between Women's Working Arrangements and Their Child Care Arrangements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Australian survey examined the child care and working arrangements (part time, shift work, overtime) of 2,890 mothers. Differences in use of formal child care or unmet child care needs depended on children's ages and full-time/overtime status. Those working in nontraditional arrangements may be more likely to use informal child care. (SK)

VandenHeuvel, Audrey

1996-01-01

126

PREFACE: Cooperative dynamics Cooperative dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dynamics within living cells are dominated by non-equilibrium processes that consume chemical energy (usually in the form of ATP, adenosine triphosphate) and convert it into mechanical forces and motion. The mechanisms that allow this conversion process are mostly driven by the components of the cytoskeleton: (i) directed (polar) polymerization of filaments (either actin or microtubules) and (ii) molecular motors. The forces and motions produced by these two components of the cytoskeleton give rise to the formation of cellular shapes, and drive the intracellular transport and organization. It is clear that these systems present a multi-scale challenge, from the physics of the molecular processes to the organization of many interacting units. Understanding the physical nature of these systems will have a large impact on many fundamental problems in biology and break new grounds in the field of non-equilibrium physics. This field of research has seen a rapid development over the last ten years. Activities in this area range from theoretical and experimental work on the underlying fundamental (bio)physics at the single-molecule level, to investigations (in vivo and in vitro) of the dynamics and patterns of macroscopic pieces of 'living matter'. In this special issue we have gathered contributions that span the whole spectrum of length- and complexity-scales in this field. Some of the works demonstrate how active forces self-organize within the polymerizing cytoskeleton, on the level of cooperative cargo transport via motors or due to active fluxes at the cell membrane. On a larger scale, it is shown that polar filaments coupled to molecular motors give rise to a huge variety of surprising dynamics and patterns: spontaneously looping rings of gliding microtubules, and emergent phases of self-organized filaments and motors in different geometries. All of these articles share the common feature of being out-of-equilibrium, driven by metabolism. As demonstrated here, the biological problems that inspire these physical studies cover fundamental processes, from cell division up to the dynamics within axons and neurons. We would like to acknowledge and thank all contributors for their submissions, which made this special issue possible in the first place. Moreover, we would like to thank the staff at IOP Publishing for helping us with the administrative aspects and for co-ordinating the refereeing process. We hope that readers will enjoy this collection of papers and that it will trigger them to further explore the endless open physics questions presented by biological systems. Cooperative dynamics contents How does the antagonism between capping and anti-capping proteins affect actin network dynamics? Longhua Hu and Garegin A Papoian The emergence of sarcomeric, graded-polarity and spindle-like patterns in bundles of short cytoskeletal polymers and two opposite molecular motorsE M Craig, S Dey and A Mogilner Model of myosin node aggregation into a contractile ring: the effect of local alignmentNikola Ojkic, Jian-Qiu Wu and Dimitrios Vavylonis Loop formation of microtubules during gliding at high densityLynn Liu, Erkan Tüzel and Jennifer L Ross Protein-coat dynamics and cluster phases in intracellular traffickingGreg Huber, Hui Wang and Ranjan Mukhopadhyay Conformational changes, diffusion and collective behavior in monomeric kinesin-based motilityKerwyn Casey Huang, Christian Vega and Ajay Gopinathan One-dimensional deterministic transport in neurons measured by dispersion-relation phase spectroscopyRu Wang, Zhuo Wang, Joe Leigh, Nahil Sobh, Larry Millet, Martha U Gillette, Alex J Levine and Gabriel Popescu

Gov, Nir

2011-09-01

127

UAV cooperative control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the development of cooperative rendezvous and cooperative target classification agents in a hierarchical distributed control system for unmanned aerospace vehicles. For cooperative rendezvous, a Voronoi based polygonal path is generated to minimize exposure to radar. The rendezvous agent minimizes team exposure from Individual coordination functions while satisfying stringent timing constraints. For cooperative target classification, templates are developed,

Phillip R. Chandler; M. Pachter; S. Rasmussen

2001-01-01

128

Proliferating Regional Trade Arrangements: Why and Whither?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates why regional trade arrangements (RTAs) are proliferating extensively and how the effects of multiple RTAs, by interacting with each other, evolve over time. Our empirical analysis, based on an extended gravity model utilising a large panel dataset of 175 countries from 1948 to 1999, shows that RTAs on average increase global trade by raising intra-bloc trade without

Jong-Wha Lee; Kwanho Shin

2008-01-01

129

Are regional trading arrangements trade creating?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we use extreme bounds analysis to test the robustness of the hypothesis that regional trading arrangements (RTAs) are trade creating. Extreme bounds analysis provides a more rigorous test of specification uncertainty than traditional econometric theory by incorporating prior information and using a systematic approach to testing the fragility of coefficient estimates. The results show that the trade

Sucharita Ghosh; Steven Yamarik

2004-01-01

130

Marital Status and Living Arrangements: March 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents detailed information on the marital status and living arrangements of the noninstitutional population of the United States by age, sex, race, and Spanish origin. The text of this report compares the mid-decade census estimates based on the March, 1985 "Current Population Survey" with the survey data from 1980, 1970, and 1960.…

Saluter, Arlene F.

1986-01-01

131

Chromosome arrangements in human fibroblasts at mitosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The positions of the centromeres of all 46 human chromosomes were analysed in three dimensional reconstructions of electron micrographs of 10 serially sectioned unpretreated human male fibroblast cells. The reconstructions show that the spatial positioning of the chromosomes during division is not random. The centromeres were arranged on a metaphase plate that was ellipsoidal and that tended to be flat.

W. Mosgiiller; A. R. Leitch; J. K. M. Brown; J. S. Heslop-Harrison

1991-01-01

132

Grinding Arrangement for Ball Nose Milling Cutters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An improved grinding arrangement is reported which enables high precision grinding of spiral fluted ball nose end mills and similar cutting tools. Provided is a cam follower and a specially contoured cam for automatically rotating the tool to be ground so...

C. F. Burch

1972-01-01

133

Tropical hyperplane arrangements and oriented matroids  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the combinatorial properties of a tropical hyperplane arrangement. We define tropical oriented matroids, and prove\\u000a that they share many of the properties of ordinary oriented matroids. We show that a tropical oriented matroid determines\\u000a a subdivision of a product of two simplices, and conjecture that this correspondence is a bijection.

Federico Ardila; Mike Develin

2009-01-01

134

Canister arrangement for storing radioactive waste  

DOEpatents

The subject invention relates to a canister arrangement for jointly storing high level radioactive chemical waste and metallic waste resulting from the reprocessing of nuclear reactor fuel elements. A cylindrical steel canister is provided with an elongated centrally disposed billet of the metallic waste and the chemical waste in vitreous form is disposed in the annulus surrounding the billet.

Lorenzo, D.K.; Van Cleve, J.E. Jr.

1980-04-23

135

Children's living arrangements in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the wide variation in living arrangements experienced by children in developing regions using data from 19 Demographic and Health Surveys. Traditionally, researchers and policymakers concerned with child welfare have assumed that, apart from exceptional cases, children live with their mothers, experience childhood together with their siblings, and have access to resources from both biological parents. Data presented

Cynthia B. Lloyd; Sonalde Desai

1992-01-01

136

75 FR 67087 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...subsequent arrangement concerns the retransfer of 514,705.9 kg of U.S.-origin natural uranium hexafluoride (68.00% U), 350,000 kg of which is uranium, from Areva Resources Canada, Inc. (Areva Resources) in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan,...

2010-11-01

137

75 FR 67086 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...subsequent arrangement concerns the retransfer of 514,705.9 kg of U.S.-origin natural uranium hexafluoride (68.00% U), 350,000 kg of which is uranium, from Areva Resources Canada, Inc. (Areva Resources) in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan,...

2010-11-01

138

Acquisition of Human Feelings in Music Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

We often make decisions based on our feelings, which are implicit and very difficult to express as knowledge. This paper details an attempt to acquire feelings automatically. We assume that some relations or constraints exist between im­ pressions felt and situations, which consist of an object and its environment. For example, in music arrangement, the object is a music score

Masayuki Numao; Masashi Kobayashi; Katsuyuki Sakaniwa

1997-01-01

139

Mounting Arrangement for an Inertial Measurement Unit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a mounting arrangement for an instrument, such as an inertial measurement unit, a mounting frame is pivotably mounted to a platform for rotation about a vertical axis and a support frame is rotatably mounted to the mounting frame for rotation about a h...

K. D. Shenkle

1982-01-01

140

Living Arrangements: A Closer Look at Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count pamphlet provides information on the living arrangements of Florida's children, focusing on family types. Drawing on information from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, the Current Population Survey, and the National Center for Health Statistics, the pamphlet presents information on changes in America's families,…

University of South Florida, Tampa. Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Inst.

141

76 FR 79218 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-U.S. Photovoltaic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. Notice is hereby...National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. (``USPVMC...are: SEMATECH, the Research Foundation of State...Orlando, FL. The general area of USPVMC's...

2011-12-21

142

Trust and cooperation among economic agents  

PubMed Central

The units that are subject to selection pressure in evolutionary biology are ‘strategies’, which are conditional actions (‘Do P if X occurs, otherwise do Q’). In contrast, the units in economics select strategies from available menus so as to further their projects and purposes. As economic agents do not live in isolation, each agent's optimum choice, in general, depends on the choices made by others. Because their projects and purposes involve the future, not just the present, each agent reasons about the likely present and future consequences of their respective choices. That is why beliefs, about what others may do and what the consequences of those choices could be, are at the basis of strategy selection. A catalogue of social environments is constructed in which agents not only promise each other's cooperation, but also rationally believe that the promises will be kept. Unfortunately, non-cooperation arising from mistrust can be the outcome in those same environments: societies harbour multiple ‘equilibria’ and can skid from cooperation to non-cooperation. Moreover, a pre-occupation among analysts with the Prisoners' Dilemma game has obscured the fact that cooperative arrangements can harbour not only inequality, but also exploitation. The analysis is used to discuss why international cooperation over the use of global public goods has proved to be so elusive.

Dasgupta, Partha

2009-01-01

143

MOX fuel arrangement for nuclear core  

DOEpatents

In order to use up a stockpile of weapons-grade plutonium, the plutonium is converted into a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel form wherein it can be disposed in a plurality of different fuel assembly types. Depending on the equilibrium cycle that is required, a predetermined number of one or more of the fuel assembly types are selected and arranged in the core of the reactor in accordance with a selected loading schedule. Each of the fuel assemblies is designed to produce different combustion characteristics whereby the appropriate selection and disposition in the core enables the resulting equilibrium cycle to closely resemble that which is produced using urania fuel. The arrangement of the MOX rods and burnable absorber rods within each of the fuel assemblies, in combination with a selective control of the amount of plutonium which is contained in each of the MOX rods, is used to tailor the combustion characteristics of the assembly.

Kantrowitz, Mark L. (Portland, CT); Rosenstein, Richard G. (Windsor, CT)

1998-01-01

144

MOX fuel arrangement for nuclear core  

DOEpatents

In order to use up a stockpile of weapons-grade plutonium, the plutonium is converted into a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel form wherein it can be disposed in a plurality of different fuel assembly types. Depending on the equilibrium cycle that is required, a predetermined number of one or more of the fuel assembly types are selected and arranged in the core of the reactor in accordance with a selected loading schedule. Each of the fuel assemblies is designed to produce different combustion characteristics whereby the appropriate selection and disposition in the core enables the resulting equilibrium cycle to closely resemble that which is produced using urania fuel. The arrangement of the MOX rods and burnable absorber rods within each of the fuel assemblies, in combination with a selective control of the amount of plutonium which is contained in each of the MOX rods, is used to tailor the combustion characteristics of the assembly.

Kantrowitz, Mark L. (Portland, CT); Rosenstein, Richard G. (Windsor, CT)

2001-07-17

145

MOX fuel arrangement for nuclear core  

DOEpatents

In order to use up a stockpile of weapons-grade plutonium, the plutonium is converted into a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel form wherein it can be disposed in a plurality of different fuel assembly types. Depending on the equilibrium cycle that is required, a predetermined number of one or more of the fuel assembly types are selected and arranged in the core of the reactor in accordance with a selected loading schedule. Each of the fuel assemblies is designed to produce different combustion characteristics whereby the appropriate selection and disposition in the core enables the resulting equilibrium cycle to closely resemble that which is produced using urania fuel. The arrangement of the MOX rods and burnable absorber rods within each of the fuel assemblies, in combination with a selective control of the amount of plutonium which is contained in each of the MOX rods, is used to tailor the combustion characteristics of the assembly. 38 figs.

Kantrowitz, M.L.; Rosenstein, R.G.

1998-10-13

146

Mox fuel arrangement for nuclear core  

DOEpatents

In order to use up a stockpile of weapons-grade plutonium, the plutonium is converted into a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel form wherein it can be disposed in a plurality of different fuel assembly types. Depending on the equilibrium cycle that is required, a predetermined number of one or more of the fuel assembly types are selected and arranged in the core of the reactor in accordance with a selected loading schedule. Each of the fuel assemblies is designed to produce different combustion characteristics whereby the appropriate selection and disposition in the core enables the resulting equilibrium cycle to closely resemble that which is produced using urania fuel. The arrangement of the MOX rods and burnable absorber rods within each of the fuel assemblies, in combination with a selective control of the amount of plutonium which is contained in each of the MOX rods, is used to tailor the combustion. characteristics of the assembly.

Kantrowitz, Mark L. (Portland, CT); Rosenstein, Richard G. (Windsor, CT)

2001-05-15

147

Sharing arrangements in the nonprofit hospital industry.  

PubMed Central

The major task of this paper is to develop hypotheses about voluntary sharing arrangements (SAs) from a plausible economic analysis of the hospital industry. The second task of the paper is to review some emerging evidence about SAs. Our research suggests that some SAs could or actually do reduce hospital costs to the community. However, there are reasons which indicate that cost reduction is neither a necessary nor a sufficient result for the success of many SAs.

Friedman, B; Pierskalla, W; Beazoglou, T

1979-01-01

148

Line of periodically arranged passive dipole scatterers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents  ?Electromagnetic properties of line-periodical arrangements of passive loaded dipole scatterers are studied. An analytical\\u000a solution for eigenwaves propagating along infinite lines of dipoles is presented. Reflective properties of arrays are studied,\\u000a regimes of narrow-band and wide-band strong reflection are identified and conditions for these operations found. Conditions\\u000a of existence of guided-wave solutions are established. It is shown that in arrays

S. A. Tretyakov; A. J. Viitanen

2000-01-01

149

Northwest Manufacturing Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Northwest Manufacturing lnititaive, through its partner organizations, has conducted research into Northwest defense industrial base capability gaps, primarily through manufacturing workforce assessment and targeted training, including Lean Manufactur...

B. Barrett E. A. Fuller J. R. Evans M. Chalkiopoulos W. E. Wood

2012-01-01

150

Advanced Manufacturing Career Collaborative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is all about advanced manufacturing including: Career Exploration, Manufacturing Career Pathways, Gold Collar Careers, Careers for the Future, and FAQs. It is aimed at manufacturing in Southwestern Pennsylvania, but has valuable information for the industry in general.

2010-06-08

151

Towards an automatic music arrangement framework using score reduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Score reduction is a process that arranges music for a target instrument by reducing original music. In this study we present a music arrangement framework that uses score reduction to automatically arrange music for a target instrument. The original music is first analyzed to determine the type of arrangement element of each section, then the phrases are identified and each

Jiun-Long Huang; Shih-Chuan Chiu; Man-Kwan Shan

2012-01-01

152

Manufacturing Engineering Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Manufacturing Engineering Skills provides an assessment of what the key manufacturing skills along with skill gaps are in the marketplace. Joe Loughrey is president and chief operating officer of Cummins Inc. and chairman of The Manufacturing Institute, the research and education arm of the National Association of Manufacturers. Additionally, Manufacturing Engineering Skills was shared by Mike Mohlar and by Roger Lang at an SME mfg executive roundtable in 2005 to provide clarity and encouragement about careers in manufacturing.

Loughrey, Joe

2009-08-03

153

Living arrangements, changes in living arrangements, and survival among community dwelling older adults.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examines whether living arrangements and changes in living arrangements are associated with survival among older community-dwelling adults, and whether differences in health status account for observed differences in survival. METHODS: The sample consisted of 5085 persons aged 70 years or older who had participated in the Longitudinal Study of Aging in 1984 and 1986. Proportional hazards models were used to examine associations of survival time through 1990 with living arrangements in 1984 and with changes in living arrangements from 1984 to 1986. RESULTS: Women who lived with someone other than a spouse at baseline or who changed from living with a spouse to living with someone other than a spouse were at greater risk of dying than women in other living arrangements, independent of health status or functioning. Among men, survival time was not generally associated with baseline living arrangements. CONCLUSIONS: Older adults who live alone or who change from living with someone to living alone do not have an increased mortality risk. However, living with or changing to living with someone other than a spouse may be associated with increased mortality risk.

Davis, M A; Moritz, D J; Neuhaus, J M; Barclay, J D; Gee, L

1997-01-01

154

Non-cooperative game decision for capacity evaluation under output demand uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to solve decision problem for maximum production capacity of different products under output demand uncertainty, the non-cooperative game theory was introduced to describe competition relationship between various products for shared manufacturing resources. Firstly the production line model is built based on complex network, which the manufacturing resources was aggregated to manufacturing vertices and the process relationships was described

Ting Yang; Dinghua Zhang; Bing Chen; Shan Li

2011-01-01

155

Cooperative Financing and Taxation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As farmer cooperatives have grown and expanded their marketing, farm supply, and other business services, their financial needs have increased dramatically. Because a cooperative is organized by and for its members, it follows that the members who receive...

N. Griffin D. Volkin D. R. Davidson

1981-01-01

156

TESTING FOR CPT VIOLATION IN Barrange="stack">0arrange="stack">s SEMILEPTONIC DECAYS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A DØ analysis measuring the charge asymmetry Aarrange="stack">barrange="stack">sl of like-sign dimuon events due to semileptonic b-hadron decays at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider has shown indications of possible anomalous CP violation in the mixing of neutral B mesons. This result has been used to extract the first senstivity to CPT violation in the Barrange="stack">0arrange="stack">s system. An analysis to explore further this anomaly by specifically measuring the semileptonic charge asymmetry, aarrange="stack">sarrange="stack">sl, in Barrange="stack">0arrange="stack">s decays is described, as well as how a variant of this analysis can be used to explore a larger set of CPT-violating parameters in the Barrange="stack">0arrange="stack">s system for the first time.

Kooten, R. Van

2014-01-01

157

Learning to Learn Cooperatively  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning, put quite simply, is a type of instruction whereby students work together in small groups to achieve a common goal. Cooperative learning has become increasingly popular as a feature of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) with benefits that include increased student interest due to the quick pace of cooperative tasks,…

Byrd, Anne Hammond

2009-01-01

158

Multilateral Tarriff Cooperation During the Formation of Regional Free Trade Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the impact of the formation of regional free trade agreements on the ability of countries to maintain low cooperative multilateral tariffs. We assume that countries can not make binding international commitments, but are instead limited to self-enforcing arrangements. Specifically, we model cooperation in multilateral trade policy as involving a constant balance between, on the one hand, the gains

Kyle Bagwell; Robert W. Staiger

1993-01-01

159

Five College Cooperation: Directions for the Future. Report of the Five College Long Range Planning Committee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Five College Long Range Planning Committee (LRPC) was appointed in 1968 by the Presidents of the University of Massachusetts and Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke and Smith Colleges to "review cooperative arrangements among the five institutions, assess their strengths and weaknesses, propose long-range goals for cooperation, and establish…

1969

160

Sealing arrangement with annular flexible disc  

DOEpatents

Fluid sealing arrangements including an annular shaped flexible disc having enlarged edges disposed within channel-shaped annular receptacles which are spaced from one another. The receptacles form an annular region for contacting and containing the enlarged edges of the disc, and the disc is preloaded to a conical configuration. The disc is flexibly and movably supported within the receptacles so that unevenly distributed relative motion between the components containing the receptacles is accommodated without loss of sealing contact between the edges of the disc and the walls of the receptacles.

Pennell, William E. (Greensburg, PA) [Greensburg, PA; Honigsberg, Charles A. (Monroeville, PA) [Monroeville, PA

1983-01-01

161

Independent contractor arrangements and IRS audits.  

PubMed

As government auditors begin their challenges, nurse executives need to review their operations to remove any potential audit risks. Although a common practice for many institutions, the use of independent contractor arrangements may be ruled inappropriate. As a result, many individuals may be reclassified as employees, leading to Internal Revenue Service (IRS) assessments of penalties and back payroll taxes. It always is prudent to anticipate IRS actions and shore up any areas that may lead to tax assessments before they are imposed on the institution. PMID:7636578

Pelfrey, S; Theisen, B A

1995-01-01

162

Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine  

DOEpatents

An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the end thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby including stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

Cyrus, J.D.; Kadlec, E.G.; Klimas, P.C.

1983-09-15

163

Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine  

DOEpatents

An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the ends thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby inducing stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

Cyrus, Jack D. (Corrales, NM) [Corrales, NM; Kadlec, Emil G. (Albuquerque, NM) [Albuquerque, NM; Klimas, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM) [Albuquerque, NM

1985-01-01

164

Monitoring arrangement for vented nuclear fuel elements  

DOEpatents

In a nuclear fuel reactor core, fuel elements are arranged in a closely packed hexagonal configuration, each fuel element having diametrically opposed vents permitting 180.degree. rotation of the fuel elements to counteract bowing. A grid plate engages the fuel elements and forms passages for communicating sets of three, four or six individual vents with respective monitor lines in order to communicate vented radioactive gases from the fuel elements to suitable monitor means in a manner readily permitting detection of leakage in individual fuel elements.

Campana, Robert J. (Solana Beach, CA)

1981-01-01

165

Improved microgrid arrangement for integrated imaging polarimeters.  

PubMed

For almost 20 years, microgrid polarimetric imaging systems have been built using a 2×2 repeating pattern of polarization analyzers. In this Letter, we show that superior spatial resolution is achieved over this 2×2 case when the analyzers are arranged in a 2×4 repeating pattern. This unconventional result, in which a more distributed sampling pattern results in finer spatial resolution, is also achieved without affecting the conditioning of the polarimetric data-reduction matrix. Proof is provided theoretically and through Stokes image reconstruction of synthesized data. PMID:24686611

LeMaster, Daniel A; Hirakawa, Keigo

2014-04-01

166

Assessment of Forecasting Methods: Cooperative Logistics Supply Support Arrangement (CLSSA) Investment Items.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States (US) promotes collective security in the Free World via the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. FMS customers prefer to acquire weapon system logistic support through FMS rather than by direct commercial vendor support. Ninety-seven pe...

J. S. Grafton E. W. Sollmann

1994-01-01

167

Sprinkler arrangement for UiTM's stadium field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this paper is to study the arrangement of water sprinkler at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam stadium field. There are 35 number of sprinklers used with 7 × 5 arrangement. The current problem is that as there are too many sprinkler used, the overlapping area becomes too large and hence leads to waste. In order to minimize the number of sprinklers used as well as the overlapping area, new arrangement of sprinklers is proposed. The validity of the developed arrangement is tested by using Microsoft Excel and mathematical software, MAPLE 14. Finally, there are six possible arrangements that can be used to replace the current arrangement.

Abdullah, Nur Lina; Kadir, Norhidayah A.; Safaron, Saiful Bahri; Suder, Nurazeera Md; Omar, Nurul Wahidah

2013-09-01

168

Resonator arrangement and method for analyzing a sample using the resonator arrangement  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A resonator arrangement has a conductive, semi-open outer housing, at an interior of which a conductive bar is provided disposed coaxially to the housing. At one end of the bar in a direction of a housing bottom, the bar has a die and, together with a dielectric and the housing bottom, forms a capacitor. The bar is short-circuited to the housing at another end, so that the bar and housing together form an LC oscillator circuit. Also disclosed is a method for analyzing a sample using a resonator arrangement.

2013-04-02

169

Modeling Manufacturing Cells Using Principles Of Reengineering and Component Clusters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a framework to support the analysis of manufacturing processes, providing the correct understanding concerning\\u000a information and material flows. In addition, this analysis is combined with design structure matrixes based on components\\u000a to consider better arrangements to the manufacturing process in cells, intending to provide high performance capabilities.\\u000a To demonstrate the framework an example has been carried out

Rafael d'Ávila

170

Simulation system modeling for mass customization manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging rapidly as a new paradigm of the 21st century, mass customization manufacturing (MCM) systems possess some special characteristics that make the modeling of such systems extremely difficult. These characteristics include concurrency, synchronization, and cooperation among subsystems. Moreover, MCM emphasizes shortened product life-cycles, which means production lines have to be changed or reconfigured frequently. Highly flexible and re-configurable factories must

Guixiu Qiao; Charles McLean; Frank Riddick

2002-01-01

171

42 CFR 408.90 - Termination of group billing arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Termination of group billing arrangement. 408.90 Section 408...SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICAL INSURANCE Direct Remittance: Group Payment § 408.90 Termination of group billing arrangement. (a) A group...

2013-10-01

172

42 CFR 408.86 - Responsibilities under group billing arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Responsibilities under group billing arrangement. 408.86 Section...SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICAL INSURANCE Direct Remittance: Group Payment § 408.86 Responsibilities under group billing arrangement. (a) Enrollee...

2013-10-01

173

37 CFR 1.77 - Arrangement of application elements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Arrangement of application elements. 1.77 Section 1.77 Patents, Trademarks...Specification § 1.77 Arrangement of application elements. (a) The elements of the application, if applicable, should...

2013-07-01

174

47 CFR 1.9020 - Spectrum manager leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Spectrum manager leasing arrangements. 1.9020 Section... PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures § 1.9020 Spectrum manager leasing arrangements. (a)...

2010-10-01

175

47 CFR 1.9020 - Spectrum manager leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Spectrum manager leasing arrangements. 1.9020 Section... PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures § 1.9020 Spectrum manager leasing arrangements. (a)...

2009-10-01

176

48 CFR 1601.104-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Publication and code arrangement. 1601.104-1...PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL...Authority, Issuance 1601.104-1 Publication and code arrangement. (a) The...

2013-10-01

177

26 CFR 1.7701(l)-1 - Conduit financing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Conduit financing arrangements. 1.7701(l)-1 Section 1.7701(l)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE...CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations § 1.7701(l)-1 Conduit financing arrangements. Section...

2011-04-01

178

14 CFR 1215.112 - User/NASA contractual arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true User/NASA contractual arrangement. 1215.112 Section...S. Government Users § 1215.112 User/NASA contractual arrangement. (a) The NASA Administrator reserves the right to waive...

2011-01-01

179

14 CFR 1215.112 - User/NASA contractual arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false User/NASA contractual arrangement. 1215.112 Section...S. Government Users § 1215.112 User/NASA contractual arrangement. (a) The NASA Administrator reserves the right to waive...

2010-01-01

180

Seating Arrangement, Group Composition and Competition-driven Interaction: Effects on Students' Performance in Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We probe the effect of seating arrangement, group composition and group-based competition on students' performance in Physics using a teaching technique adopted from Mazur's peer instruction method. Ninety eight lectures, involving 2339 students, were conducted across nine learning institutions from February 2006 to June 2009. All the lectures were interspersed with student interaction opportunities (SIO), in which students work in groups to discuss and answer concept tests. Two individual assessments were administered before and after the SIO. The ratio of the post-assessment score to the pre-assessment score and the Hake factor were calculated to establish the improvement in student performance. Using actual assessment results and neural network (NN) modeling, an optimal seating arrangement for a class was determined based on student seating location. The NN model also provided a quantifiable method for sectioning students. Lastly, the study revealed that competition-driven interactions increase within-group cooperation and lead to higher improvement on the students' performance.

Roxas, R. M.; Carreon-Monterola, S. L.; Monterola, C.

2010-07-01

181

Seating Arrangement, Group Composition and Competition-driven Interaction: Effects on Students' Performance in Physics  

SciTech Connect

We probe the effect of seating arrangement, group composition and group-based competition on students' performance in Physics using a teaching technique adopted from Mazur's peer instruction method. Ninety eight lectures, involving 2339 students, were conducted across nine learning institutions from February 2006 to June 2009. All the lectures were interspersed with student interaction opportunities (SIO), in which students work in groups to discuss and answer concept tests. Two individual assessments were administered before and after the SIO. The ratio of the post-assessment score to the pre-assessment score and the Hake factor were calculated to establish the improvement in student performance. Using actual assessment results and neural network (NN) modeling, an optimal seating arrangement for a class was determined based on student seating location. The NN model also provided a quantifiable method for sectioning students. Lastly, the study revealed that competition-driven interactions increase within-group cooperation and lead to higher improvement on the students' performance.

Roxas, R. M.; Monterola, C. [National Institute of Physics, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101 (Philippines); Carreon-Monterola, S. L. [College of Education, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101 (Philippines)

2010-07-28

182

Blade Manufacturing Improvement: Remote Blade Manufacturing Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this program was to investigate manufacturing improvements for wind turbine blades. The program included a series of test activities to evaluate the strength, deflection, performance, and loading characteristics of the prototype blades. The original contract was extended in order to continue development of several key blade technologies identified in the project. The objective of the remote build task was to demonstrate the concept of manufacturing wind turbine blades at a temporary manufacturing facility in a rural environment. TPI Composites successfully completed a remote manufacturing demonstration in which four blades were fabricated. The remote demonstration used a manufacturing approach which relied upon material ''kits'' that were organized in the factory and shipped to the site. Manufacturing blades at the wind plant site presents serious logistics difficulties and does not appear to be the best approach. A better method appears to be regional manufacturing facilities, which will eliminate most of the transportation cost, without incurring the logistical problems associated with fabrication directly onsite. With this approach the remote facilities would use commonly available industrial infrastructure such as enclosed workbays, overhead cranes, and paved staging areas. Additional fatigue testing of the M20 root stud design was completed with good results. This design provides adhesive bond strength under fatigue loading that exceeds that of the fastener. A new thru-stud bonding concept was developed for the M30 stud design. This approach offers several manufacturing advantages; however, the test results were inconclusive.

ASHWILL, THOMAS D.

2003-05-01

183

Manufacturing Extension Partnership Source for Manufacturers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located within the United States Commerce Department, the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) consists of not-for-profit centers whose "sole purpose is to provide small and medium sized manufacturers with the services they need to succeed." On their site, they provide access to a number of resources that support supply chain integration and also provide access to information about technology that will increase productivity. First-time visitors may wish to begin by looking over the "Success Stories" area, which tells about those manufacturers that have created useful partnerships through the program. Visitors who might be studying these types of manufacturers may wish to look at the "Economic Indicators" area of the site and the "Tools" section, which contain a number of e-business tools designed for these types of manufacturers. Additionally, visitors can also use an interactive map to find their local MEP Center.

184

Proceedings of the Conference on Cooperative Climate Services Held at Tallahassee, Florida on March 22-24, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Conference on Cooperative Climate Services marks a turning point in the climate services element of the National Climate Program. Emphasis has shifted to developing and testing institutional arrangements for a nationwide system of climate services. In...

H. L. Hill

1983-01-01

185

Kinship and Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chagnon’s analysis of a well-known axe fight in the Yanomamö village of Mishimishiböwei-teri (Chagnon and Bugos 1979) is among the earliest empirical tests of kin selection theory for explaining cooperation in humans. Kin selection theory\\u000a describes how cooperation can be organized around genetic kinship and is a fundamental tool for understanding cooperation\\u000a within family groups. Previous analysis on groups of

Michael Alvard

2009-01-01

186

Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture  

SciTech Connect

Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (FM&T) engineers John Zimmerman and Tom Bender directed separate projects within this CRADA. This Project Accomplishments Summary contains their reports independently. Zimmerman: In 1998 Honeywell FM&T partnered with the Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) Cooperative Business Management Program to pilot the Supply Chain Integration Planning Prototype (SCIP). At the time, FM&T was developing an enterprise-wide supply chain management prototype called the Integrated Programmatic Scheduling System (IPSS) to improve the DOE's Nuclear Weapons Complex (NWC) supply chain. In the CRADA partnership, FM&T provided the IPSS technical and business infrastructure as a test bed for SCIP technology, and this would provide FM&T the opportunity to evaluate SCIP as the central schedule engine and decision support tool for IPSS. FM&T agreed to do the bulk of the work for piloting SCIP. In support of that aim, DAMA needed specific DOE Defense Programs opportunities to prove the value of its supply chain architecture and tools. In this partnership, FM&T teamed with Sandia National Labs (SNL), Division 6534, the other DAMA partner and developer of SCIP. FM&T tested SCIP in 1998 and 1999. Testing ended in 1999 when DAMA CRADA funding for FM&T ceased. Before entering the partnership, FM&T discovered that the DAMA SCIP technology had an array of applications in strategic, tactical, and operational planning and scheduling. At the time, FM&T planned to improve its supply chain performance by modernizing the NWC-wide planning and scheduling business processes and tools. The modernization took the form of a distributed client-server planning and scheduling system (IPSS) for planners and schedulers to use throughout the NWC on desktops through an off-the-shelf WEB browser. The planning and scheduling process within the NWC then, and today, is a labor-intensive paper-based method that plans and schedules more than 8,000 shipped parts per month based on more than 50 manually-created document types. The fact that DAMA and FM&T desired to move from paper-based manual architectures to digitally based computer architectures gave further incentive for the partnership to grow. FM&T's greatest strength was its knowledge of NWC-wide scheduling and planning with its role as the NWC leader in manufacturing logistics. DAMA's asset was its new knowledge gained in the research and development of advanced architectures and tools for supply chain management in the textiles industry. These complimentary strengths allowed the two parties to provide both the context and the tools for the pilot. Bender: Honeywell FM&T participated in a four-site supply chain project, also referred to as an Inter-Enterprise Pipeline Evaluation. The MSAD project was selected because it involves four NWC sites: FM&T, Pantex, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). FM&T had previously participated with Los Alamos National Laboratory in FY98 to model a two-site supply chain project, between FM&T and LANL. Evaluation of a Supply Chain Methodology is a subset of the DAMA project for the AMTEX consortium. LANL organization TSA-7, Enterprise Modeling and Simulation, has been involved in AMTEX and DAMA through development of process models and simulations for LANL, the NWC, and others. The FY 1998 and this FY 1999 projects directly involved collaboration between Honeywell and the Enterprise Modeling and Simulation (TSA-7) and Detonation Science and Technology (DX1) organizations at LANL.

Bender, T.R.; Zimmerman, J.J.

2001-02-07

187

Automotive Manufacturing Scholarships  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the Consortium for Alabama Regional Center for Automotive Manufacturing (CARCAM) provides some information about scholarships in automotive manufacturing. The highlighted scholarship is only open to Alabama residents, but the page provides links to other scholarship opportunities.

2011-02-01

188

Energy Use in Manufacturing  

EIA Publications

This report addresses both manufacturing energy consumption and characteristics of the manufacturing economy related to energy consumption. In addition, special sections on fuel switching capacity and energy-management activities between 1998 and 2002 are also featured in this report.

William Gifford

2006-08-14

189

Manufacturing Processes and Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, created by Jonathan S. Colton of the Georgia Institute of Technology, contains class notes for a senior-level course on manufacturing processes and engineering. This site contains assignments, solutions, course requirements, syllabi, quizzes, and manufacturing videos.

Colton, Jonathan S.

2009-12-29

190

What is Manufacturing?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PowerPoint presentation from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center provides an introduction to general manufacturing. The material focuses on manufacturing that is Florida based, but would be useful for students in other regions as well. The presentation demonstrates the manufacturing cycle (innovate, design, fabricate, test, market, distribute) and shows student the pathway they may take to a career in manufacturing.

2011-01-25

191

Organizational choices for international cooperation: East-West European cooperation on regional environmental problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation applies theoretical insights from transaction cost economics to explain and predict the organizational form of cooperative agreements between Eastern and Western Europe in areas of regional environmental and political concern. It examines five contracting problems related to nuclear power safety and acid rain, and describes the history of international negotiations to manage these problems. It argues that the level of interdependence in a given issue area, or costly effects experienced in one state due to activities and decisions of other states, along with the level of transactional vulnerability, or sunk costs invested in support of a particular contractual relationship among these states, are key determinants of the governance structures states choose to facilitate cooperation in that issue area. Empirically, the dissertation traces the evolution of three sets of institutional arrangements related to nuclear safety: governance for western nuclear safety assistance to Eastern Europe, negotiations of a global convention on safety standards for nuclear power plants, and contracts among utilities and multilateral banks to build new nuclear power plants in Eastern Europe. Next it studies European acid rain, chronicling the history of international acid rain controls within the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) and the European Union, and finally examining institutional arrangements for burden-sharing to promote European bargains on emissions reduction, including bilateral aid transfers and proposals for multilateral burden sharing. Political actors have a wide range of choice among institutional arrangements to facilitate international cooperation, from simple market-type exchanges, to arbitration-type regimes that provide information and enhance reputation effects, to self-enforcing agreements such as issue-linkage, to supranational governance. The governance structures states devise to manage their cooperative relations affects outcomes of cooperation, by influencing the bargains states make and how well those bargains stick. This research shows that patterns of interdependence and sunk costs in cooperative relationships with particular states strongly condition the choices states make between these institutional structures to facilitate mutually beneficial international cooperation while protecting against opportunism.

Connolly, Barbara Mary

192

Workforce Development for Manufacturing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a recent skills gap report, the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) noted some disturbing trends in the gap between the demand for highly skilled manufacturing workers and the potential supply. The NAM report notes that smaller manufacturers rank finding qualified workers ahead of energy costs, taxes and government regulations on the…

Bernard, Rosalie

2007-01-01

193

Cooperative Learning Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents essential characteristics and types of cooperative learning strategies for use in elementary social studies. Outlines exercises for forming teams and building team spirit. Points out such methods promote group interdependence and student responsibility for learning and teaching others. Highlights two cooperative group strategies, Jigsaw…

Barnes, Buckley; O'Farrell, Gail

1990-01-01

194

Costly Signaling and Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose an explanation of cooperation among unrelated members of a social group in which cooperation evolves because it constitutes an honest signal of the member's quality as a mate, coalition partner or competitor, and therefore results in advantageous alliances for those signaling in this manner. Our model is framed as a multi-player public goods game that involves no repeated

HERBERT GINTIS; ERIC ALDEN SMITH; SAMUEL BOWLES

2001-01-01

195

Cooperative Science Lesson Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers several elementary level cooperative science lesson plans. The article includes a recipe for cooperative class learning, instructions for making a compost pile, directions for finding evidence of energy, experiments in math and science using oranges to test density, and discussions of buoyancy using eggs. (SM)

Cooperative Learning, 1991

1991-01-01

196

The cooperative brain.  

PubMed

Cooperation is essential for the functioning of human societies. To better understand how cooperation both succeeds and fails, recent research in cognitive neuroscience has begun to explore novel paradigms to examine how cooperative mechanisms may be encoded in the brain. By combining functional neuroimaging techniques with simple but realistic tasks adapted from experimental economics, this approach allows for the discrimination and modeling of processes that are important in cooperative behavior. Here, we review evidence demonstrating that many of the processes underlying cooperation overlap with rather fundamental brain mechanisms, such as, for example, those involved in reward, punishment and learning. In addition, we review how social expectations induced by an interactive context and the experience of social emotions may influence cooperation and its associated underlying neural circuitry, and we describe factors that appear important for generating cooperation, such as the provision of incentives. These findings illustrate how cognitive neuroscience can contribute to the development of more accurate, brain-based, models of cooperative decision making. PMID:23300215

Stallen, Mirre; Sanfey, Alan G

2013-06-01

197

Managing Cooperative Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual presents concepts, tools, and techniques that are useful in the management of cooperative education programs at the state department of education, school district, and secondary school levels. Section I is a general discussion of the management role in cooperative education. In section II focus is on the nature of the internal and…

National Child Labor Committee, New York, NY.

198

Cooperation diversity through coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new user cooperation scheme for wireless communications in which we combine cooperation with existing channel coding methods. Simulation results show a significant improvement in the BER for both users, even when the channel between them is poor, or when they have significantly different channel qualities to the base station.

Todd E. Hunter; Aria Nosratinia

2002-01-01

199

Guidelines for Cooperating Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of student teaching and the impact the cooperating teacher has on the student teacher's experience leads to the formulation of guidelines for the cooperating teacher: (1) outline expectations; (2) provide for early and continued successes; and (3) communicate with the student teacher. (JL)

Cusimano, Barbara

1988-01-01

200

Helping Children Cooperate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are occasions in life when the competitive process is appropriate. But when people consider the relationships in their lives--with friends, family members, coworkers, and the larger community--they realize the value of cooperation. When adults give children the chance to cooperate, to work together toward a solution or a common goal like…

Pica, Rae

2011-01-01

201

Cooperation, First Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a first-grade unit of study about the concept of cooperation. The content covers the concept of cooperation and the context in which it is illustrated: through rules in sports, at home and at school; through teamwork in games and projects; and through individual efforts of helping, trusting and sharing. Additional content focuses on how…

Mitchener, Kathy

202

Cooperative Concept Mapping  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The author used a repeated-measures design to compare students' exam performance after their participation in a cooperative concept-mapping workshop in contrast to their exam performance after more traditional assignments. Cooperative concept-mapping workshops resulted in significant improvements in students' understanding of biology, as indicated by their performance on exams.

Preszler, Ralph

2004-05-01

203

Cooperative Learning and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning has been used as an educational technique for some time, and recently researchers have been exploring technology as a mechanism to further this educational method. Presents several examples of the use of technology to support cooperative learning episodes and examines the underlying design concepts and principles embedded in…

Denning, Rebecca; Smith, Philip J.

1997-01-01

204

Cooperative Vocational Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative education, said to be a "sleeping giant" in vocational education, received special authorization in Public Law 90 576 and was made a priority in vocational education. This publication summarizes information to assist the states in planning development of cooperative vocational education: definitions, funding sources, program content,…

Bureau of Adult, Vocational, and Technical Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

205

Montana Cooperative Education Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This revised handbook was developed to help teachers and administrators in Montana conduct cooperative education programs. The handbook is organized in 13 sections. In narrative style, the first 11 sections cover the following topics: introduction to cooperative education, advisory committees, related instruction, coordination of activities,…

Harris, Ron, Ed.

206

Culture and cooperation.  

PubMed

Does the cultural background influence the success with which genetically unrelated individuals cooperate in social dilemma situations? In this paper, we provide an answer by analysing the data of Herrmann et al. (2008a), who studied cooperation and punishment in 16 subject pools from six different world cultures (as classified by Inglehart & Baker (2000)). We use analysis of variance to disentangle the importance of cultural background relative to individual heterogeneity and group-level differences in cooperation. We find that culture has a substantial influence on the extent of cooperation, in addition to individual heterogeneity and group-level differences identified by previous research. The significance of this result is that cultural background has a substantial influence on cooperation in otherwise identical environments. This is particularly true in the presence of punishment opportunities. PMID:20679109

Gächter, Simon; Herrmann, Benedikt; Thöni, Christian

2010-09-12

207

Culture and cooperation  

PubMed Central

Does the cultural background influence the success with which genetically unrelated individuals cooperate in social dilemma situations? In this paper, we provide an answer by analysing the data of Herrmann et al. (2008a), who studied cooperation and punishment in 16 subject pools from six different world cultures (as classified by Inglehart & Baker (2000)). We use analysis of variance to disentangle the importance of cultural background relative to individual heterogeneity and group-level differences in cooperation. We find that culture has a substantial influence on the extent of cooperation, in addition to individual heterogeneity and group-level differences identified by previous research. The significance of this result is that cultural background has a substantial influence on cooperation in otherwise identical environments. This is particularly true in the presence of punishment opportunities.

Gachter, Simon; Herrmann, Benedikt; Thoni, Christian

2010-01-01

208

Intelligent Manufacturing Systems. G4: Systems Construction. Preliminary Investigation of Intelligent Machinery. Report of Research Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) program, an international cooperative research program, concerns production technologies and technology transfer on an international level between production generations. This report concentrates upon the problems a...

1991-01-01

209

Spectral Efficiency of Fundamental Cooperative Relaying in Interference-Limited Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spectral efficiency of cooperative relaying in interference-limited environments in which a given channel is spatially reused is investigated. Cooperative relaying is a promising technique that uses neighboring stations to forward the data toward the destination in order to achieve spatial diversity gain. It has been reported that by introducing cooperative relaying into communication between an isolated source-destination pair, the error rate or spectral efficiency is generally improved. However, it is not intuitively clear whether cooperative relaying can improve the performance in interference-limited environments because the simultaneous transmission of multiple stations increases the number of interference signals. Assuming the most fundamental cooperative relaying arrangement, which consists of only one relay station, numerical results reveal that cooperative relaying is not always superior to non-cooperative single-hop and two-hop transmissions in terms of spectral efficiency.

Yamamoto, Koji; Maruyama, Hirofumi; Shimizu, Takashi; Murata, Hidekazu; Yoshida, Susumu

210

(CA-1) Cooperative Agreement General Conditions  

NSF Publications Database

... cooperative agreement. Where the terms grant and grantee are used, the terms cooperative agreement ... to this cooperative agreement may request changes or additions to the cooperative agreement. Any ...

211

Cooperation and asymmetry: The development profile of an East-West corporate project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with a case of transnational cooperation between companies. The profile of cooperation between the two motor vehicle makers Skoda and the Volkswagen Group is reconstructed, characterised by the interlocking transformation and globalisation. Decisive for the success of the project was not only Volkswagen’s substantial transfer of know-how and management resources to the Czech manufacturer but also how

Gerlinde Dörr; Tanja Kessel

2002-01-01

212

Local Cooperatives' Role in the Emerging Dairy Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Structural changes in the dairy industry such as the adoption of Total Mixed Rations in place of manufactured complete feeds and declines in milk production in the areas served by locals are bringing these cooperatives to a crossroads where they must deci...

J. A. Hogeland

1998-01-01

213

Inverse MDS: Inferring Dissimilarity Structure from Multiple Item Arrangements  

PubMed Central

The pairwise dissimilarities of a set of items can be intuitively visualized by a 2D arrangement of the items, in which the distances reflect the dissimilarities. Such an arrangement can be obtained by multidimensional scaling (MDS). We propose a method for the inverse process: inferring the pairwise dissimilarities from multiple 2D arrangements of items. Perceptual dissimilarities are classically measured using pairwise dissimilarity judgments. However, alternative methods including free sorting and 2D arrangements have previously been proposed. The present proposal is novel (a) in that the dissimilarity matrix is estimated by “inverse MDS” based on multiple arrangements of item subsets, and (b) in that the subsets are designed by an adaptive algorithm that aims to provide optimal evidence for the dissimilarity estimates. The subject arranges the items (represented as icons on a computer screen) by means of mouse drag-and-drop operations. The multi-arrangement method can be construed as a generalization of simpler methods: It reduces to pairwise dissimilarity judgments if each arrangement contains only two items, and to free sorting if the items are categorically arranged into discrete piles. Multi-arrangement combines the advantages of these methods. It is efficient (because the subject communicates many dissimilarity judgments with each mouse drag), psychologically attractive (because dissimilarities are judged in context), and can characterize continuous high-dimensional dissimilarity structures. We present two procedures for estimating the dissimilarity matrix: a simple weighted-aligned-average of the partial dissimilarity matrices and a computationally intensive algorithm, which estimates the dissimilarity matrix by iteratively minimizing the error of MDS-predictions of the subject’s arrangements. The Matlab code for interactive arrangement and dissimilarity estimation is available from the authors upon request.

Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus; Mur, Marieke

2012-01-01

214

Inverse MDS: Inferring Dissimilarity Structure from Multiple Item Arrangements.  

PubMed

The pairwise dissimilarities of a set of items can be intuitively visualized by a 2D arrangement of the items, in which the distances reflect the dissimilarities. Such an arrangement can be obtained by multidimensional scaling (MDS). We propose a method for the inverse process: inferring the pairwise dissimilarities from multiple 2D arrangements of items. Perceptual dissimilarities are classically measured using pairwise dissimilarity judgments. However, alternative methods including free sorting and 2D arrangements have previously been proposed. The present proposal is novel (a) in that the dissimilarity matrix is estimated by "inverse MDS" based on multiple arrangements of item subsets, and (b) in that the subsets are designed by an adaptive algorithm that aims to provide optimal evidence for the dissimilarity estimates. The subject arranges the items (represented as icons on a computer screen) by means of mouse drag-and-drop operations. The multi-arrangement method can be construed as a generalization of simpler methods: It reduces to pairwise dissimilarity judgments if each arrangement contains only two items, and to free sorting if the items are categorically arranged into discrete piles. Multi-arrangement combines the advantages of these methods. It is efficient (because the subject communicates many dissimilarity judgments with each mouse drag), psychologically attractive (because dissimilarities are judged in context), and can characterize continuous high-dimensional dissimilarity structures. We present two procedures for estimating the dissimilarity matrix: a simple weighted-aligned-average of the partial dissimilarity matrices and a computationally intensive algorithm, which estimates the dissimilarity matrix by iteratively minimizing the error of MDS-predictions of the subject's arrangements. The Matlab code for interactive arrangement and dissimilarity estimation is available from the authors upon request. PMID:22848204

Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus; Mur, Marieke

2012-01-01

215

48 CFR 2001.104-1 - Publication and code arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...arrangement. 2001.104-1 Section 2001.104-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance...

2013-10-01

216

Cooperative Learning and Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cooperative learning in its simplest sense is two or more students working together on an assignment. In an expanded definition, cooperative learning becomes an opportunity for students to interact with one another intellectually and socially under the guidance of the teacher. It allows students to work together toward common goals, beneficial for all learners within the group (Johnson, Johnson, and Holubec 1994). At its best, cooperative learning allows the teacher to become the "facilitator of learning" while the students, with the help of one another, become the directors of their own discovery and learning process.

Swango, C. J.; Steward, Sally B.

2003-01-01

217

Interactive: Locating American Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Where are America's manufacturing jobs located? It's a timely question for policy makers, politicians, and other wonkish types. This interactive feature from the Brookings Institution provides interested parties with a way to explore the geography of manufacturing in the United States. The materials on the site are divided into eight sections, including Why It Matters, Basic Geography, Industry Specialties, and Wage Variations. Visitors will want to read the brief introduction on the site, and then go ahead with using the interactive map to look around. The map allows visitors to zoom in and out around different metropolitan areas, look up quick facts about manufacturing, and access additional resources. Some of these resources include reports such as "Locating American Manufacturing: Trends in the Geography of Production" and "Why Does Manufacturing Matter? Which Manufacturing Matters."

2012-05-09

218

Flexible roll forming with staggered arranged rollers for the large curved metal plates based on numerical simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel flexible roll forming method is proposed for manufacturing of large curved metal plates. By adjusting the position of three rows of staggered arranged rollers, a large curved metal plate is formed in an incremental way. In this paper, FE (finite element) model is established to analyze the stress-strain distribution of the deformed plates in the forming process. Based on the numerical simulation, the influence of the relative position between upper rollers and lower rollers on the dimensional accuracy of the large curved metal plate is studied. Comparison results show that roller arrangement has great influence on the dimensional accuracy of deformed plates, and process with staggered arranged rollers has the best dimensional accuracy.

Kong, Qingshuai; Yu, Zhongqi; Lai, Xinmin; Lin, Zhongqin

2013-05-01

219

Advanced Manufacturing Discovery Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a 3:15 minute video on YouTube. It shows a set of high school students assigned to a manufacturing project that is very much like a real industry situation. A diverse mix of students work on developing a hovercraft. Their skills and backgrounds include: 3D CAD, engineering, manufacturing, marketing, math, sciences, business, communications, arts, and electronics. They learn how to work together to create a finished product while discovering the many opportunities available in manufacturing.

2009-08-13

220

Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacturing companies in the 21st Century will face unpredictable, high-frequency market changes driven by global competition. To stay competitive, these companies must possess new types of manufacturing systems that are cost-effective and very responsive to all these market changes. Reconfigurability, an engineering technology that deals with cost-effective, quick reaction to market changes, is needed. Reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMS), whose components

Y. Koren; U. Heisel; F. Jovane; T. Moriwaki; G. Pritschow; G. Ulsoy; H. Van Brussel

1999-01-01

221

Devlopment of a curriculum for integrated manufacturing systems engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems (CIMS) Program at the Georgia Institute of Technology, which was established with the help of a grant from the IBM Corporation. The program began its third year recently and involves a cooperative effort among eight schools (departments) within Georgia Tech, with strong support and interaction with over a dozen industries. The program

Stephen P. Krosner; Abraham H. Haddad

1987-01-01

222

Energy efficiency study of single-wide manufactured homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was among Tennessee Technological University, Clayton Homes, Inc., and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Manufactured homes now make up a substantial portion of the new home market, and improving the energy efficiency of these homes would save significant amounts of energy. This project explored the impact of differing levels of attic insulation, the

D. W. Yarbrough; G. J. Andrews; T. K. Stovall; T. Kelly

1999-01-01

223

ECMT31 New Mexico Manufacturing Environmental Survey. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Technology Transfer and Training Initiative (ECMT3I) is a cooperative effort among education and research institutions in New Mexico to analyze problems in transferring environmental technologies from Department of Energy laboratories to small and medium enterprises (SME's). To identify and analyze…

Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM.

224

Integration between manufacturers and third party logistics providers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to analyse the extent of the integration between manufacturers and third party logistics (TPL) providers at present and how the integration is expected to develop in the near future. The focus is on studying what tasks are part of the cooperation, what information and communications technology (ICT) tools are used for support,

Ole Mortensen; Olga W. Lemoine

2008-01-01

225

Cooperative Learning in Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formal use of cooperative learning techniques proved effective in improving student performance and retention in a freshman level statistics course. Lectures interspersed with group activities proved effective in increasing conceptual understanding and overall class performance. (11 references) (Author)

Keeler, Carolyn M.; And Others

1994-01-01

226

Poultry and Egg Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Poultry and egg farmers have depended on cooperatives for many years to provide means for expanding their production and marketing capabilities. As the poultry and egg industry evolved into a sophisticated highly coordinated operation, producers found eco...

J. W. Mather E. Drewniak

1984-01-01

227

National Cooperative Gallstone Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A comprehensive progress report of the National Cooperative Gallstone Study is provided. The Study was divided into two phases: (1) The pre-clinical (Phase I) which included all organizational, protocol development, treatment center and service laboratory...

1979-01-01

228

Cooperative Education: Industry Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains information from three large chemical companies having a long-standing interest in cooperative education with chemistry students. Questions and answers are provided for specific information regarding DuPont, 3M, and Dow Chemical. (CS)

Davies, Geoffrey; McClelland, Alan L.

1980-01-01

229

Cooperative communication overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The various architectures of cooperative communication are among the hottest topics in research and in the new wireless standards. They are applicable both to cellular and ad hoc systems to increase coverage and throughput.

Arie Reichman

2008-01-01

230

Marketing and Library Cooperatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how a library cooperative can use marketing analysis and other tools to move successfully from an institution-based business to a network-based business that will better serve individuals who need information. (CHC)

Moulton, Bethe

1981-01-01

231

Cooperation Over Competition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video from The Human Spark, scientists discuss what may be the uniquely “human spark” which separates us from animals: our ability to communicate, cooperate, and collaborate with others.

Wnet

2011-08-08

232

Status of Bargaining Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reviews the status and scope of cooperative bargaining in the United States, including such factors as numbers of associations and members; commodities bargained, including physical units and dollar values; methods of financing operations; barg...

G. W. Biggs

1982-01-01

233

Cooperative Learning Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the effectiveness of cooperative learning on discipline problems, interdependence between students, and teacher-student interactions. Explains how to group students and introduces a laboratory activity on covalent and ionic bonds. (YDS)

Pratt, Sandra

2003-01-01

234

Patterns of cooperation in international water law: principles and institutions  

SciTech Connect

Specific arrangements establishing some kind of permanent cooperation between the states concerned are necessary to satisfactory international relations over the use, administration, and protection of water resources. The arrangements must be specific because each river basin or system is unique and beyond the scope of general rules of international law. The states can agree on the allocation of costs and benefits and each state's share and responsibilities without the support of appropriate joint institutions to deal with the increasingly complex problems of common water management. Progress to date shows that the most sensible line of action would be to expand and improve on existing mechanisms of intergovernmental cooperation by strengthening or creating international administration.

Caponera, D.A.

1985-07-01

235

ARTICLES Engineering cooperation in chimpanzees: tolerance constraints on cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cooperative abilities of captive chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes, in experiments do not match the sophisti- cation that might be predicted based on their naturally occurring cooperative behaviours. This discrepancy might partly be because in previous experiments potential chimpanzee cooperators were partnered without regard to their social relationship. We investigated the ability of chimpanzee dyads to solve a physical task cooperatively

ALICIA P. MELIS; BRIAN HARE; MICHAEL TOMASELLO

236

Four Years of Practical Arrangements between IAEA and Moscow SIA 'Radon': Preliminary Results - 13061  

SciTech Connect

The International Education Training Centre (IETC) at Moscow State Unitary Enterprise Scientific and Industrial Association 'Radon' (SIA 'Radon'), in co-operation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), has developed expertise and provided training to waste management personnel for the last 15 years. Since 1997, the educational system of the enterprise with the support of the IAEA has acquired an international character: more than 470 experts from 35 countries- IAEA Member States completed the professional development. Training is conducted at various thematic courses or fellowships for individual programs and seminars on IAEA technical projects. In June 2008 a direct agreement (Practical Arrangements) was signed between SIA 'Radon' and the IAEA on cooperation in the field of development of new technologies, expert's advice to IAEA Member States, and, in particular, the training of personnel in the field of radioactive waste management (RWM), which opens up new perspectives for fruitful cooperation of industry professionals. The paper summarizes the current experience of the SIA 'Radon' in the organization and implementation of the IAEA sponsored training and others events and outlines some of strategic educational elements, which IETC will continue to pursue in the coming years. (authors)

Batyukhnova, O.G.; Karlina, O.K.; Neveikin, P.P. [SUE SIA 'Radon', The 7-th Rostovsky Lane 2/14, Moscow, 119121 (Russian Federation)] [SUE SIA 'Radon', The 7-th Rostovsky Lane 2/14, Moscow, 119121 (Russian Federation)

2013-07-01

237

Method and arrangement of apparatus for hydrogenating hydrocarbons  

Microsoft Academic Search

A CHD reactor is modified to include a feed nozzle arrangement which hydrogen-saturates the charged liquid before distribution across the fixed catalyst bed by a pair of gas--liquid distributor trays. Product is recovered from the catalyst bed through an apparatus arrangement comprising Glitsch grid to maintain low pressure drop in the system.

W. R. Jr. Derr; L. E. Gallagher; J. H. Haddad; S. J. McGovern; K. W. Schatz; F. A. Smith

1978-01-01

238

New Regional Trading Arrangements in the Asia Pacific?  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the choices the Asia-Pacific community will face if it proceeds further down the path of developing preferential regional trading arrangements? Fragmentation of the region into preferential trading arrangements on a bilateral or subregional basis promises relatively little economic gain and considerable risk of increased trade conflict. Larger preferential trading blocs, spanning the whole of East Asia, the Western

Robert Scollay; John P. Gilbert

2001-01-01

239

42 CFR 423.336 - Risk-sharing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Risk-sharing arrangements. 423.336 ...Prescription Drug Coverage § 423.336 Risk-sharing arrangements. (a) Portion...payments to a Part D sponsor subject to risk â(1) Adjusted allowable risk...

2013-10-01

240

Territoriality: Seat Preferences in Different Types of Classroom Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' degree of territoriality based on gender and seat preferences in different types of classroom arrangements was studied. The types of classroom arrangements included rows of tablet-arm chairs, U-shaped, clusters, and rows of tables with individual chairs. The study was carried out through a survey at a large public institution in the…

Kaya, Naz; Burgess, Brigitte

2007-01-01

241

Synaptic Arrangements in the Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus of the Squirrel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because murine rodents have no complex synaptic arrangements in the ventral posterolateral nucleus (VPL), we sought to determine if the lack of complexity was a characteristic common to all rodents. We studied the synaptology of VPL in the fox squirrel, Sciurus niger, using electron microscopy. We found vesicle-containing dendrites and complex synaptic arrangements in the squirrel VPL. Therefore, the relative

J. Wells; B. C. Albright

1983-01-01

242

Hybrid Arrangements as Strategic Alliances: Theoretical Issues in Organizational Combinations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hybrid organizational arrangements, in which two or more sover- eign organizations combine to pursue common interests, raise signif- icant questions for both scholars and managers. A review of previous research yields four key issues-breadth of purpose, boundary de- termination, value creation, and stability mechanisms-that form the core of a theory of hybrid arrangements. This theory is then used tc generate

BRYAN BORYS; DAVID B. JEMISON

243

Institutional arrangements. [utilization of information derived from satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The practical application of space systems is considered in terms of institutional arrangements. The evolution of space systems is examined along with examples of institutional arrangements for space systems uses or applications. An institutional framework developed to assure the widest practicable application of space system is proposed and described. Recommendations are included.

1975-01-01

244

Channel estimation techniques based on pilot arrangement in OFDM systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Channel estimation techniques for OFDM systems based on a pilot arrangement are investigated. Channel estimation based on a comb type pilot arrangement is studied through different algorithms for both estimating the channel at pilot frequencies and interpolating the channel. Channel estimation at pilot frequencies is based on LS and LMS methods while channel interpolation is done using linear interpolation, second

Sinem Coleri; Mustafa Ergen; Anuj Puri; Ahmad Bahai

2002-01-01

245

Financial Arrangements and Relationship Quality in Low-Income Couples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the association between household financial arrangements and relationship quality using a representative sample of low-income couples with children. We detailed the banking arrangements couples utilize, assessed which factors relate to holding a joint account versus joint and separate, only separate, or no account, and analyzed…

Addo, Fenaba R.; Sassler, Sharon

2010-01-01

246

Cooperative heat transfer and ground coupled storage system  

DOEpatents

A cooperative heat transfer and ground coupled storage system wherein collected solar heat energy is ground stored and permitted to radiate into the adjacent ground for storage therein over an extended period of time when such heat energy is seasonally maximally available. Thereafter, when said heat energy is seasonally minimally available and has propagated through the adjacent ground a substantial distance, the stored heat energy may be retrieved by a circumferentially arranged heat transfer means having a high rate of heat transfer.

Metz, Philip D. (Rocky Point, NY)

1982-01-01

247

AR-planning tool: designing flexible manufacturing systems with augmented reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technology of augmented reality (AR), as a new user interface, introduces a completely new perspective for the design of technical manufacturing systems. This technique supports a face to face collaboration where users need to be able to easily cooperate with each other. As with typical construction sets like LEGO or Fischertechnik, the planning engineers model the future manufacturing system

J. Gausemeier; J. Fruend; C. Matysczok

2002-01-01

248

A model program with emphasis on working experience and linkage to industries for manufacturing engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given as follows. Manufacturing engineering is to determine and define machinery, tools, and processes to transform raw materials into products through the use of efficient methods. Students in this field need theoretical knowledge and practical skills. The best way for training students is to cooperate with enterprises. This paper describes a successful model program for manufacturing engineering.

Hsi-Chi Hsiao

1997-01-01

249

Income and living arrangements among poor aged singles.  

PubMed

It is generally agreed that income plays an important part in determining the living arrangements of unmarried old persons. Numerous studies of later life have concluded that large numbers of old persons live with their friends, adult children, and other relatives simply because they cannot afford to maintain separate homes of their own. The literature contains few references, however, to the effect of income change on the living arrangements of persons after they have become old and poor. This article focuses on the correlates of living arrangements among unmarried older welfare recipients in 1973, and then examines the effect of income change on living arrangements in 1974. Logit analysis identifies several patterns of household change associated with income increase and decrease but, overall, the capacity to care for oneself was the best predictor of living arrangement in 1974. PMID:6972624

Tissue, T; McCoy, J L

1981-04-01

250

Differing definitions of manufacturer.  

PubMed

Medical device manufacturers marketing in the United States (US) and Europe must comply with different labelling requirements concerning the indication of manufacturer on the label. These differences are increased if US labelling requirements are compared with the practice of own-brand labelling under the European medical device Directives. This article discusses the differing requirements. PMID:10182120

Donawa, M E

1998-01-01

251

Laser assisted direct manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Direct Laser Manufacturing (DLM) with coaxial powder injection (TRUMPF DMD 505 installation) was applied for fabrication of 3D objects from metallic and ceramic powder. One of the advantages of DLM is the possibility to build functionally graded objects in one-step manufacturing cycle by application of a 2-channel powder feeder. Several models with different types of material gradients (smooth, sharp, periodic)

Ph. Bertrand; I. Smurov

2007-01-01

252

World class manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report on the challenge to American industry from overseas competition, particularly from Japan. The basic elements and philosophies of world class manufacturing (WCM) are discussed. The tools of WMC are described. Suggestions and recommendations obtained from actual manufacturing experience are presented

S. K. Jetley; J. Catalano

1993-01-01

253

Additive Versus Subtractive Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For manufacturing students learning the basics, this page from SnoCAMP would be a useful addition to in-class instruction. The webpage combines photographs of examples with descriptive text. This would be a good introduction for students learning the basics about manufacturing.

2013-07-23

254

Restructuring manufacturing process flows  

Microsoft Academic Search

At Xilinx, Inc. a new manufacturing execution system, the Advanced Manufacturing System (AMS), is being jointly designed, developed and implemented with TIBCO, Inc. to replace a proprietary application. The system architecture is a radical departure from current market solutions. Two key features that differentiate this new tool are an automated flow determination model, for prescriptive processing, and modular flow designs

N. F. Kane

1996-01-01

255

A Safety Ensuring Mechanism for Holonic Manufacturing Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses a mechanism to ensure safe behaviors of HMSs (Holonic Manufacturing Systems). The change from low-variety high-volume to high-variety low-volume production requires highly flexible and adaptive manufacturing systems. Multi agent systems, in which decisions are made through cooperation among autonomous and cooperative elements, fulfill these requirements by exploiting full abilities of individual elements while eliminating various bottlenecks that exist in conventional systems. However, highly adaptive features induce non-deterministic behaviors of systems, and make it difficult to adopt multi agent systems as primary bases of manufacturing systems. In order to apply these systems to large and complicated applications, mechanisms that make their behaviors more predictable are essential. HMSs are a kind of multi agent systems, and an HMS safety ensuring mechanism proposed here is one of the attempts to make behaviors of multi agent systems more predictable.

Tamura, Shinsuke; Yanase, Tatsuro; Nishi, Naoya

256

Cooperative Banks and Financial Stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative banks are an important, and growing, part of many financial systems. This paper empirically analyzes the role of cooperative banks in financial stability. Contrary to some suggestions in the literature, we find that cooperative banks are more stable than commercial banks. This finding is due to the lower volatility of the cooperative banks' returns, which more than offsets their

Martin Cihák; Heiko Hesse

2007-01-01

257

When your contract manufacturer becomes your competitor.  

PubMed

PC maker Lenovo started out as a distributor of equipment made by IBM and other companies; now it has formed a joint venture with IBM and will eventually affix its own logo to its computers. Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC) started out manufacturing vehicles for Volkswagen and GM; now it's preparing to sell its own cars in China, Europe, and North America. Lenovo and SAIC represent a host of formerly anonymous makers of brand-name products that are breaking out of their defined roles and pushing the brands themselves aside. In this article, the authors explore the double-edged relationships original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) forge with their contract manufacturers (CMs). On the one hand, an OEM can reduce its labor costs, free up capital, and improve worker productivity by outsourcing all the manufacturing of a product. The company can then concentrate on value-adding activities--research and development, product design, and marketing, for instance. On the other hand, an OEM that retains a contract manufacturer may find itself immersed in a melodrama replete with promiscuity (the ambitious CM pursues liaisons with other OEMs), infidelity (the OEM's retailers and distributors shift their business to the upstart CM), and betrayal (the brazen CM transmits the OEM's intellectual property to the OEM's rivals or keeps it for itself when the contract is up). OEMs cannot simply terminate their outsourcing arrangements--they need contract manufacturers in order to keep specializing, adding value, and staying competitive. But OEMs can manage these relationships so that they don't become weak or the CMs too strong. Doing so requires modesty about revealing trade secrets; caution about whom one consorts with; and a judicious degree of intimacy, loyalty, and generosity toward partners and customers. PMID:16967627

Arruñda, Benito; Vázquez, Xosé H

2006-09-01

258

Laser assisted direct manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Direct Laser Manufacturing (DLM) with coaxial powder injection (TRUMPF DMD 505 installation) was applied for fabrication of 3D objects from metallic and ceramic powder. One of the advantages of DLM is the possibility to build functionally graded objects in one-step manufacturing cycle by application of a 2-channel powder feeder. Several models with different types of material gradients (smooth, sharp, periodic) and multi-layered structures were manufactured from SS, stellite (Cobalt alloy), Cu and W alloys. Technology of Selective Laser Melting (SLM) was applied for manufacturing of net shaped objects from different powders (PHENIX PM-100 machine) : Inox 904L, Ni625, Cu/Sn, W and Zr02-Y2O3. Performance and limitations of SLM technology for fabrication of elements for chemical and mechanical industries are analysed. Two-component objects (Stainless steel /Cu - H13/CuNi) were fabricated in a two-step manufacturing cycle.

Bertrand, Ph.; Smurov, I.

2007-07-01

259

Heat pipe manufacturing study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Heat pipe manufacturing methods are examined with the goal of establishing cost effective procedures that will ultimately result in cheaper more reliable heat pipes. Those methods which are commonly used by all heat pipe manufacturers have been considered, including: (1) envelope and wick cleaning, (2) end closure and welding, (3) mechanical verification, (4) evacuation and charging, (5) working fluid purity, and (6) charge tube pinch off. The study is limited to moderate temperature aluminum and stainless steel heat pipes with ammonia, Freon-21 and methanol working fluids. Review and evaluation of available manufacturers techniques and procedures together with the results of specific manufacturing oriented tests have yielded a set of recommended cost-effective specifications which can be used by all manufacturers.

Edelstein, F.

1974-01-01

260

Aerospace Manufacturing Education (AME)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NSF funded Aerospace Manufacturing Education Project's mission is to "develop and disseminate curricula modules to enhance manufacturing technician and engineering programs in higher education with relevant aerospace manufacturing examples." The project is developing curricula modules to prepare manufacturing technology practitioners for the aerospace industry and increase the number of interested candidates for aerospace manufacturing jobs. Curricula modules are being developed and used by two-year colleges for student education and by industry for in-house training of employees. Visitors will find the downloadable curriculum modules (after a quick and free registration form) on the left side of the homepage, as well as further info about the project, its partners, and advisors.

2010-09-20

261

Does Intuition Cause Cooperation?  

PubMed Central

Recently, researchers claimed that people are intuitively inclined to cooperate with reflection causing them to behave selfishly. Empirical support for this claim came from experiments using a 4-player public goods game with a marginal return of 0.5 showing that people contributed more money to a common project when they had to decide quickly (i.e., a decision based on intuition) than when they were instructed to reflect and decide slowly. This intuitive-cooperation effect is of high scientific and practical importance because it argues against a central assumption of traditional economic and evolutionary models. The first experiment of present study was set up to examine the generality of the intuitive-cooperation effect and to further validate the experimental task producing the effect. In Experiment 1, we investigated Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) workers' contributions to a 4-player public goods game with a marginal return of 0.5 while we manipulated the knowledge about the other players' contribution to the public goods game (contribution known vs. contribution unknown), the identity of the other players (humans vs. computers randomly generating contributions) and the time constraint (time pressure/intuition vs. forced delay/reflection). However, the results of Experiment 1 failed to reveal an intuitive-cooperation effect. Furthermore, four subsequent direct replications attempts with AMT workers (Experiments 2a, 2b, 2c and Experiment 3, which was conducted with naïve/inexperienced participants) also failed to demonstrate intuitive-cooperation effects. Taken together, the results of the present study could not corroborate the idea that people are intuitively cooperative, hence suggesting that the theoretical relationship between intuition and cooperation should be further scrutinized.

Verkoeijen, Peter P. J. L.; Bouwmeester, Samantha

2014-01-01

262

Arrangement for measuring the field angle of a magnetic field as a function of axial position within a magnet bore tube  

DOEpatents

An arrangement for measuring the field angle of a magnetic field as a function of axial position within a magnet bore tube of a magnet such as is used with the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC). The arrangement includes a magnetic field alignment gauge that is carried through the magnet bore tube by a positioning shuttle in predetermined increments. The positioning shuttle includes an extensible body assembly which is actuated by an internal piston arrangement. A pair of spaced inflatable cuffs are carried by the body assembly and are selectively actuated in cooperation with pressurizing of the piston to selectively drive the positioning shuttle in an axial direction. Control of the shuttle is provided by programmed electronic computer means located exteriorly of the bore tube and which controls valves provided pressurized fluid to the inflatable cuss and the piston arrangement.

Pidcoe, Stephen V. (Bonita, CA); Zink, Roger A. (Desoto, TX); Boroski, William N. (Aurora, IL); McCaw, William R. (Burr Ridge, IL)

1993-01-01

263

Contribution a la Conception de Systemes Flexibles de Production: Application de la Technique de Description Formelle Estelle (Contribution to the Design of Flexible Manufacturing Systems: Application of the Formal Description Technique Estelle).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study of flexible manufacturing systems is presented, and a method, based on the use of the Estelle formal description technique is proposed. Flexible manufacturing systems are composed of heterogeneous equipment which cooperate to perform a given pro...

V. B. Mazzola

1991-01-01

264

Flexible Manufacturing Systems: What's in It for the Manufacturer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors define the Flexible Manufacturing System and outline its history. They describe what the processing time includes and provide advantages and disadvantages of Flexible Manufacturing Systems compared to conventional manufacturing. (CH)

Chowdhury, A. R.; Peckman, Donald C.

1987-01-01

265

Lean Manufacturing Techniques in Today's World Class Manufacturers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006, manufacturers are forced more than ever before to maximize profits and cut costs. Following in the footsteps of Toyota, manufacturers around the world are going lean. The APICS dictionary defines lean manufacturing as, \\

Kelly Clickner

2006-01-01

266

Proxemic effects on cooperation, attitude, and approach-avoidance in a Prisoner's Dilemma game  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated the effects of 2 proxemic factors (seating arrangement and availability of eye contact) on the cooperation, interpersonal attitude, and approach-avoidance tendencies shown by 80 male undergraduates engaged in a 2-person Prisoner's Dilemma game. As expected, significant interactions emerged between these 2 proxemic factors on all 3 of the above outcomes. Consistent with role-play findings, more positive cooperation and attitudinal

Hershel Gardin; Kalman J. Kaplan; Ira J. Firestone; Gloria A. Cowan

1973-01-01

267

Cooper Pairs in Insulators?!  

ScienceCinema

Nearly 50 years elapsed between the discovery of superconductivity and the emergence of the microscopic theory describing this zero resistance state. The explanation required a novel phase of matter in which conduction electrons joined in weakly bound pairs and condensed with other pairs into a single quantum state. Surprisingly, this Cooper pair formation has also been invoked to account for recently uncovered high-resistance or insulating phases of matter. To address this possibility, we have used nanotechnology to create an insulating system that we can probe directly for Cooper pairs. I will present the evidence that Cooper pairs exist and dominate the electrical transport in these insulators and I will discuss how these findings provide new insight into superconductor to insulator quantum phase transitions. 

268

Cooper Pairs in Insulators?!  

ScienceCinema

Nearly 50 years elapsed between the discovery of superconductivity and the emergence of the microscopic theory describing this zero resistance state. The explanation required a novel phase of matter in which conduction electrons joined in weakly bound pairs and condensed with other pairs into a single quantum state. Surprisingly, this Cooper pair formation has also been invoked to account for recently uncovered high-resistance or insulating phases of matter. To address this possibility, we have used nanotechnology to create an insulating system that we can probe directly for Cooper pairs. I will present the evidence that Cooper pairs exist and dominate the electrical transport in these insulators and I will discuss how these findings provide new insight into superconductor to insulator quantum phase transitions. 

James Valles

2010-01-08

269

Cooper Pairs in Insulators?!  

ScienceCinema

Nearly 50 years elapsed between the discovery of superconductivity and the emergence of the microscopic theory describing this zero resistance state. The explanation required a novel phase of matter in which conduction electrons joined in weakly bound pairs and condensed with other pairs into a single quantum state. Surprisingly, this Cooper pair formation has also been invoked to account for recently uncovered high-resistance or insulating phases of matter. To address this possibility, we have used nanotechnology to create an insulating system that we can probe directly for Cooper pairs. I will present the evidence that Cooper pairs exist and dominate the electrical transport in these insulators and I will discuss how these findings provide new insight into superconductor to insulator quantum phase transitions.

270

The Manufacturing Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lionheart Publishing, Inc. offers this free report about important happenings in the manufacturing industry. There are feature stories that cover market analysis, management strategies, new and growing technologies, and case studies. Manufacturing products are noted and reviewed as they come on the market. News about major business developments is covered, and dates of upcoming conferences and conventions are often added on the online calendar. The main problem with this site is that it is not updated at a regular interval; however, it is still quite current and a good source for manufacturing news and products.

1997-01-01

271

Rapid small lot manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

The direct connection of information, captured in forms such as CAD databases, to the factory floor is enabling a revolution in manufacturing. Rapid response to very dynamic market conditions is becoming the norm rather than the exception. In order to provide economical rapid fabrication of small numbers of variable products, one must design with manufacturing constraints in mind. In addition, flexible manufacturing systems must be programmed automatically to reduce the time for product change over in the factory and eliminate human errors. Sensor based machine control is needed to adapt idealized, model based machine programs to uncontrolled variables such as the condition of raw materials and fabrication tolerances.

Harrigan, R.W.

1998-05-09

272

Arrangement of anatomic-type artificial teeth into balanced occlusion.  

PubMed

The mechanical factors which are involved in the arrangement of anatomic type artificial teeth into balanced occlusion have been described. Many of the mechanical problems encountered during artificial tooth arrangement have been listed, together with suggestions for their solution. Hanau's Laws of Articulation have been utilized in a practical manner in formulating some of the solutions to tooth arrangement problems when establishing balanced occlusion. Trial dentures which present ideal occlusions in the articulator may not always do so when examined in the patient's mouth. Possible reasons for these differences are listed, and methods for making the necessary corrections are described. PMID:349138

Jordan, L G

1978-05-01

273

OIG offers guidance on the legality of telemedicine arrangements.  

PubMed

Telemedicine increasingly is being used to enable patients in rural areas to gain access to specialists. At the same time, concerns have arisen about the legality of certain telemedicine applications. To date, the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) has issued two advisory opinions stating it would not impose sanctions on two specific telemedicine arrangements, where potential violations of the antikickback statute could exist. These opinions, while applying only to the specific arrangements in question, provide physicians with clues to the OIG's thinking on various arrangements they may wish to initiate. PMID:11010186

Stewart, E E

2000-06-01

274

Subradiant Split Cooper Pairs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We suggest a way to characterize the coherence of the split Cooper pairs emitted by a double-quantum-dot based Cooper pair splitter (CPS), by studying the radiative response of such a CPS inside a microwave cavity. The coherence of the split pairs manifests in a strongly nonmonotonic variation of the emitted radiation as a function of the parameters controlling the coupling of the CPS to the cavity. The idea to probe the coherence of the electronic states using the tools of cavity quantum electrodynamics could be generalized to many other nanoscale circuits.

Cottet, Audrey; Kontos, Takis; Yeyati, Alfredo Levy

2012-04-01

275

Mechanisms for similarity based cooperation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cooperation based on similarity has been discussed since Richard Dawkins introduced the term “green beard” effect. In these models, individuals cooperate based on an aribtrary signal (or tag) such as the famous green beard. Here, two different models for such tag based cooperation are analysed. As neutral drift is important in both models, a finite population framework is applied. The first model, which we term “cooperative tags” considers a situation in which groups of cooperators are formed by some joint signal. Defectors adopting the signal and exploiting the group can lead to a breakdown of cooperation. In this case, conditions are derived under which the average abundance of the more cooperative strategy exceeds 50%. The second model considers a situation in which individuals start defecting towards others that are not similar to them. This situation is termed “defective tags”. It is shown that in this case, individuals using tags to cooperate exclusively with their own kind dominate over unconditional cooperators.

Traulsen, A.

2008-06-01

276

Northwest Manufacturing Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Advanced manufacturing and applied research in automation continue to be areas that are important to our national engineering infrastructure, industrial competitiveness and preparing the next generation through education. The Oregon Institute of Technolog...

D. E. Culler, J. Kadali, R. Hugo, R. Talla, W. Wood

2013-01-01

277

Manufactured Soil Screening Test.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this technical note is to provide a screening test that can be used to evaluate the potential for manufacturing artificial soil using dredged material, cellulose waste materials (e.g., yard waste compost, sawdust, wastepaper), and biosolids...

1999-01-01

278

Honeycomb Reconfigurable Manufacturing System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A honeycomb multi-stage manufacturing system and associated methods. The system includes a plurality of hexagonal cells defining a honeycomb structure, at least first and second continuous assembly lines defined along selected cell sides for assembling fi...

Y. Koren

2005-01-01

279

Advanced Manufacturing Institute.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objective of the Advanced Manufacturing Institute (AMI) at Stevens is to increase American industry's competitiveness through the development, validation, and implementation of concurrent engineering techniques in strategically targeted areas ...

S. Manoochehri C. Chassapis

2001-01-01

280

Intelligent Design and Manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The progressive opportunity of international markets has led to significant new competitive pressures on industry. Recently,\\u000a this has seen changes in organizational structures at the product design level through the prologue of computer-integrated\\u000a manufacturing (CIM) and concurrent engineering (CE) philosophy, and is now seeing changes in industry structures as companies\\u000a build worldwide manufacturing relationships. Automatic feature recognition from computer-aided design

Emad S. Abouel Nasr; Ali K. Kamrani

281

Flexibility in manufacturing enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

A manufacturing enterprise is a collection of interrelated, flexible, optimized business processes delivering value to the\\u000a customers through high quality products and services, faster than competition. This view of an enterprise enables one to consider\\u000a the entire business system including the suppliers, product development, manufacturing, logistics, distribution, and retailing\\u000a and to smoothen out the interfaces between them. Performance measures and

N Viswanadham; N R Srinivasa Raghavan

1997-01-01

282

Institute for Molecular Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Molecular Manufacturing (IMM) conducts and supports research on molecular systems engineering and molecular manufacturing (molecular nanotechnology, or MNT). The website provides information on the IMM research projects. Also posted here are IMM's "guidelines for research and development practices that will minimize risk from accidental misuse or from abuse of molecular nanotechnology." Some article preprints are also available to download free of charge.

283

53. NEW BCB AND LIGHTNING ARRESTER ARRANGEMENT, SANTA ANA RIVER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

53. NEW BCB AND LIGHTNING ARRESTER ARRANGEMENT, SANTA ANA RIVER NO. 2, JAN. 24, 1977. SCE drawing no. 455670-0. - Santa Ana River Hydroelectric System, SAR-2 Powerhouse, Redlands, San Bernardino County, CA

284

Regional Government Arrangements in Metropolitan Areas: Nine Case Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document presents a review of the experience with major forms of regional government in metropolitan areas. Within four broad categories, case studies were done of nine different types of regional governmental arrangements. Findings were that the core...

C. J. Hein J. M. Keys G. M. Robbins

1974-01-01

285

View depicting arrangement of bents, curved alignment, from point of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View depicting arrangement of bents, curved alignment, from point of crossing of former Southern Pacific right of way; collision wall at right; view to southwest; 90mm lens - Carroll Overhead Bridge, Altamont Pass Road, Livermore, Alameda County, CA

286

76 FR 21169 - Incentive-Based Compensation Arrangements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...critical tools in the successful management of financial institutions. These arrangements serve several...With Effective Controls and Risk Management A covered financial institution's risk management processes and internal...

2011-04-14

287

46 CFR 108.545 - Marine evacuation system launching arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...launching arrangements. 108.545 Section 108.545 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT Lifesaving Equipment § 108.545 Marine...

2013-10-01

288

72. ARRANGEMENT OF SLUICE GATES AND HOISTS, DIVERSION DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

72. ARRANGEMENT OF SLUICE GATES AND HOISTS, DIVERSION DAM - POWER CANAL Courtesy of U.S.G.S., Reclamation Service, Salt River Project - Roosevelt Power Canal & Diversion Dam, Parallels Salt River, Roosevelt, Gila County, AZ

289

29 CFR 780.126 - Contract arrangements for raising poultry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and processors sometimes enter into contractual arrangements with farmers under which the latter agree to raise to marketable size baby chicks supplied by the former who also undertake to furnish all the required feed and possibly additional items....

2013-07-01

290

Three Essays on Health Insurance Arrangements Among Married Couples.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine health insurance arrangements among married couples. There are many studies in empirical health economics on medical care utilization and health insurance, but virtually all of these studies consider...

D. M. Zimmer

2004-01-01

291

Living-arrangement and university decisions of Dutch young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the nature of university and living-arrangement decisions at the example of Dutch students with a secondary education academic diploma. A random utility maximization nested logit model of living-arrangement and university decisions is estimated, allowing for distance and rent e¤ects to vary according to the decision on whether to stay at parental home. Estimation results show that distance

Carla Sá; Raymond Florax; Piet Rietveld

2007-01-01

292

GEM detector conductor manufacturing experience  

SciTech Connect

Feasibility studies and manufacturing experience on the GEM Magnet superconductor are presented, including all components - NbTi strand, cable, conduit manufacture, cable pulling, and aluminum sheath application.

Martovetsky, N.N.; Pace, J.R.; Reardon, P.J.; Richied, D.E. [Superconducting Super Collider Lab., Dallas, TX (United States); Camille, R.J.; Marston, P.G.; Smith, B.A. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Fusion Center; Deis, G.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Bohanan, J.S.; Gertsen, J.H. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)] [and others

1994-10-07

293

Cooperative Learning--Part 3. Electronic Cooperative Quizzes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the Electronic Cooperative Quiz (ECQ) program which aims to investigate the implementation of cooperative quizzes to the World Wide Web. Describes the creation and design of the program and evaluates the two different methods used with students. (YDS)

Jensen, Murray; Moore, Randy; Hatch, Jay

2002-01-01

294

Cooper Egressing 'Faith 7'  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper is assisted in backing out of his Mecury capsule 'Faith 7' after a 600,000 mile, 22.9 orbit journey around the Earth. He elected to remain in the spacecraft until it was hoisted to the deck of the Kearsarge, as did Astronaut Walter Schirra during the previous mission.

1963-01-01

295

Transatlantic Armament Cooperation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

I believe that national security - ours and that of our friends and allies - now, and in the future, will increasingly rely on bi- and multi-lateral armaments cooperation. The underpinning for this will be a shift towards giving greater importance to the ...

P. G. Kaminiski

1996-01-01

296

Cooperative Office Education Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, intended for inexperienced and experienced coordinators, school administrators, and guidance personnel, is designed to provide practical suggestions for initiating, developing, operating, coordinating, improving, and evaluating cooperative office education programs. Major content is presented primarily in outline form under the…

Clemson Univ., SC. Vocational Education Media Center.

297

Communication, Coordination, Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speech communication teachers at both secondary and postsecondary school levels must cooperate to improve oral communication education. Despite the importance of oral communication skills, speech courses are rarely required in high school. Teachers must tell school boards, higher education boards, and faculties of the importance of speaking and…

Rose, Nancy Oft; Wiper, Kathie Tippens

298

Strategies toward Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Quad-Cities Graduate Study Center in Rock Island, Illinois, a voluntary, publicly funded, academic consortium, is described. It was incorporated as an experimental project to determine if pooling institutional resources were academically, financially, and administratively possible. It is now a model of inter-institutional cooperation providing…

Johnson, Donald A.

1979-01-01

299

Student Teaching Cooperative Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cooperative-based, continuous teacher education program at Castleton State College, Vermont focuses on the team approach in education. The teams include a) a college faculty core team; b) an institutional team with representatives from state departments, institutions of higher education, school districts, school boards, and the community; c)…

Castleton State Coll., VT.

300

Cooperative Performance Incentive Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses what is known about cooperative performance incentive (CPI) plans, which are award programs that offer teachers and other school staff pay bonuses for achievement of specific schoolwide educational objectives. The paper describes and compares existing CPI models worldwide, analyzes their impact on student learning and school practices,…

Raham, Helen

2000-01-01

301

Cooperating with the future.  

PubMed

Overexploitation of renewable resources today has a high cost on the welfare of future generations. Unlike in other public goods games, however, future generations cannot reciprocate actions made today. What mechanisms can maintain cooperation with the future? To answer this question, we devise a new experimental paradigm, the 'Intergenerational Goods Game'. A line-up of successive groups (generations) can each either extract a resource to exhaustion or leave something for the next group. Exhausting the resource maximizes the payoff for the present generation, but leaves all future generations empty-handed. Here we show that the resource is almost always destroyed if extraction decisions are made individually. This failure to cooperate with the future is driven primarily by a minority of individuals who extract far more than what is sustainable. In contrast, when extractions are democratically decided by vote, the resource is consistently sustained. Voting is effective for two reasons. First, it allows a majority of cooperators to restrain defectors. Second, it reassures conditional cooperators that their efforts are not futile. Voting, however, only promotes sustainability if it is binding for all involved. Our results have implications for policy interventions designed to sustain intergenerational public goods. PMID:25008530

Hauser, Oliver P; Rand, David G; Peysakhovich, Alexander; Nowak, Martin A

2014-07-10

302

Cooperative Biogas Production.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study of the feasibility of a cooperative biogas production in France is presented. The objectives were to minimize the constraints for the farmers, to mechanize in a simple manner the supply of agricultural wastes to the facility, to recover the proces...

F. Cayrol

1983-01-01

303

Contacts-Conflicts-Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we present the Writing Lab of the University of Bielefeld and its work as an interdisciplinary advice centre attached to a central university institution for research and development in higher education. We report in particular about our efforts to make academic writing an explicit subject of teaching in the faculties. Our approach is that we cooperate with

Andrea Frank; Stefanie Haacke; Christina Tente

304

Consortia and Interinstitutional Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opportunities for cooperation in higher education are described in this book, particularly how institutional linkages through a consortium can help colleges and universities improve the quality of instruction, deal with rising costs, meet the demands of new institutional roles, and confront such challenges as incorporating new technologies. Ways…

Neal, Donn C., Ed.

305

Combat or Cooperation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The best intentioned efforts of adults are often sabotaged by coercive climates of bullying among peers and conflict with adults. The solution is to create cultures where youth cooperate with authority and treat one another with respect. In this article, the authors stress the task of the staff to create a condition in which students see more…

Tate, Thomas F.; Copas, Randall L.

2010-01-01

306

The Evolution of Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperation in organisms, whether bacteria or primates, has been a difficuilty for evolutionary theory since Darwin. On the assumption that interactions between pairs of individuals occur on a probabilistic basis, a model is developed based on the concept of an evolutionarily stable strategy in the context of the Prisoner's Dilemma game. Deductions from the model, and the results of a

Robert Axelrod; William D. Hamilton

1981-01-01

307

Evaluating Cooperative Teaching Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides guidelines and strategies that can be employed to examine the experiences and perceptions of cooperative teaching teams, to validate successful collaborative practices, and to identify practices in need of revision. It discusses interviews and surveys, use of best practices checklists, conducting teaching observations, and…

Salend, Spencer J.; Gordon, Jennifer; Lopez-Vona, Kim

2002-01-01

308

Best Manufacturing Practices: Report of Survey Conducted at the University of New Orleans, College of Engineering, New Orleans, Louisiana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report was produced by the Office of Naval Research's Best Manufacturing Practices (BMP) Program, a unique industry and government cooperative technology transfer effort that improves the competitiveness of America's industrial base both here and abr...

A. M. SuPrise

2003-01-01

309

[Social cooperatives in Italy].  

PubMed

This paper describes the role of social cooperatives in Italy as a type of economic, non-profit organization and their role in contributing to the economic and social growth of the country. The purpose of this paper is to learn more about the experience of the Italian social cooperatives in promoting the work integration process of disadvantaged workers, especially those suffering from mental disorders, from a theoretical and an empirical point of view. Social enterprise is the most popular and consolidated legal and organizational model for social enterprises in Italy, introduced by Law 381/91. Developed during the early 1980s, and formally recognized by law in the early 1990s, social cooperatives aim at pursuing the general interest of the community to promote the human needs and social inclusion of citizens. They are orientated towards aims that go beyond the interest of the business owners, the primary beneficiary of their activities is the community, or groups of disadvantaged people. In Italy, Law 381/91 distinguishes between two categories of social cooperatives, those producing goods of social utility, such as culture, welfare and educational services (A-type), and those providing economic activities for the integration of disadvantaged people into employment (B-type). The main purpose of B-type social cooperatives is to integrate disadvantaged people into the open labour market. This goal is reached after a period of training and working experience inside the firm, during which the staff works to improve both the social and professional abilities of disadvantaged people. During the years, B-type social co-ops acquired a particular relevance in the care of people with mental disorders by offering them with job opportunities. Having a job is central in the recovery process of people suffering from mental diseases, meaning that B-type social co-ops in Italy play an important rehabilitative and integrative role for this vulnerable population of workers. The recent literature has highlighted that difficulties with employment are a feature of mental disorders, with high unemployment rates and short job tenure. Yet, success in employment for this population can be expected when they are provided with adequate support and opportunities. B-type social cooperatives in Italy are found to be very useful in order to help this disadvantaged category of workers find and keep a job. The work environment is more flexible and allows a better integration with less stigma and better work accommodations compared to the open labour market and/or other public/private organizations. Results from B-type Italian social cooperatives studies show that mentally ill workers value the importance of working, are highly satisfied with their job, are motivated to continue working, are engaged in their job and willing to work in the competitive labour market. Also, studies show that environmental characteristics of the social cooperative, such as the implementation of work accommodations and the possibility to work in an environment that is highly supportive, have an impact on increasing the likelihood of being highly satisfied with the job, which in turn is positively related to job tenure. In sum, this article shed light on the historical background that led to the development of social cooperatives in Italy. Furthermore, the features of B-type co-ops that play a central role in facilitating the work integration of people with mental disorders are described in this paper. In general, Italian B-type social cooperatives are found to provide a meaningful work experience to people with mental disorders, that help them increase not only vocational outcomes, but also psycho-social outcomes, and generally to help them better integrate into society. PMID:24948479

Villotti, P; Zaniboni, S; Fraccaroli, F

2014-06-01

310

FETC/EPRI BIOMASS COFIRING COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT  

SciTech Connect

This quarter much progress was made in promoting cofiring through the many FETC/EPRI backed projects. During January 1, 1998 to March 31st, 1998 significant contractual agreements were arranged for future testing and analyses of previous testing were conducted. Most notable was the analysis done on the testing run at the Tennessee Valley Authority?s Colbert Fossil Plant that showed no significant impacts to the plant boiler due to cofiring. Northern Indiana Public Service Company also identified Bailly #7 as the site of the next series of tests using their plants. Other work done on these projects primarily focused on continued cofiring development. This report summarizes the activities during the first quarter in 1998 of the FETC/EPRI Biomass Cofiring Cooperative Agreement. It focuses upon reporting the results of testing in order to highlight the progress at utilities.

D. TILLMAN; E. HUGHES

1998-08-01

311

Tortilla Manufacturing: 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing Industry Series  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Commerce Census Bureau has released the few in a series of several hundred reports on individual industries in the manufacturing sector from the 1997 Economic Census. According to the 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series on Tortilla Manufacturing, over half of all US tortilla manufacturers are located in Texas and California.

1999-01-01

312

1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series: Ice Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This data from the US Department of Commerce Census Bureau constitutes the one of the first in a series of several hundred reports on individual industries in the manufacturing sector from the 1997 Economic Census. According to the 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series on Ice Manufacturing, Texas expended the most on ice manufacturing in 1997.

313

Setting manufacturing strategy for a company's international manufacturing network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacturing strategy is a plan for moving a company from where it is to where it wants to be. Determining the best manufacturing strategy is not easy because of the wide range of choices and constraints a company faces. Manufacturing strategy frameworks or models are helpful because they identify the objects that comprise manufacturing strategy and organise these objects into

John Miltenburg

2009-01-01

314

Cooperative DNA Binding and Sequence-Selective Recognition Conferred by the STAT Amino-Terminal Domain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

STAT proteins (signal transducers and activators of transcription) activate distinct target genes despite having similar DNA binding preferences. The transcriptional specificity of STAT proteins was investigated on natural STAT binding sites near the interferon-gamma gene. These sites are arranged in multiple copies and required cooperative interactions for STAT binding. The conserved amino-terminal domain of STAT proteins was required for cooperative DNA binding, although this domain was not essential for dimerization or binding to a single site. Cooperative binding interactions enabled the STAT proteins to recognize variations of the consensus site. These sites can be specific for the different STAT proteins and may function to direct selective transcriptional activation.

Xu, Xiang; Sun, Ya-Lin; Hoey, Timothy

1996-08-01

315

Cooperative Education: Lest We Forget.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the benefits of cooperative education programs for colleges, students, faculty, and employers. Highlights the growth of cooperative education programs, federal support, and problems and potential solutions. Suggests areas for future research. (HB)

Patterson, Stanley B.; Mahoney, James R.

1985-01-01

316

Farmer Cooperatives' Financial Profile, 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study is based on a survey of the financial characteristics of U.S. farmer cooperatives at the end of their 1997 fiscal years. Useful financial information is provided to cooperative managers, directors, educators, and others interested in cooperativ...

R. C. Rathbone R. A. Wissman

2000-01-01

317

Agronomy Operations of Local Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report examines the sales and sales methods that local cooperatives used to sell agricultural chemicals and fertilizers and how these factors affected the cooperatives' sales of these products from 1983 through 1988. Data gathered through a special su...

J. R. Dunn B. L. Rotan E. E. Eversull

1993-01-01

318

Improving Cooperative Farm Machinery Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides an analysis of six operating cooperatives handling farm machinery, to determine how these cooperatives can improve operations. The analysis covers sales, service, facility use, as well as capital needed and management practices. Resul...

L. C. Biser

1978-01-01

319

Cooperative Restructuring, 1989-l998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report catalogs information on many of the strategic restructuring activities involving agricultural cooperatives over the past 10 years. Cooperatives are looking to restructure their organizations in more advantageous ways. Unifications, joint ventu...

J. J. Wadsworth

1998-01-01

320

NASA's National Center for Advanced Manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA has designated the Principal Center Assignment to the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) for implementation of the National Center for Advanced Manufacturing (NCAM). NCAM is NASA s leading resource for the aerospace manufacturing research, development, and innovation needs that are critical to the goals of the Agency. Through this initiative NCAM s people work together with government, industry, and academia to ensure the technology base and national infrastructure are available to develop innovative manufacturing technologies with broad application to NASA Enterprise programs, and U.S. industry. Educational enhancements are ever-present within the NCAM focus to promote research, to inspire participation and to support education and training in manufacturing. Many important accomplishments took place during 2002. Through NCAM, NASA was among five federal agencies involved in manufacturing research and development (R&D) to launch a major effort to exchange information and cooperate directly to enhance the payoffs from federal investments. The Government Agencies Technology Exchange in Manufacturing (GATE-M) is the only active effort to specifically and comprehensively address manufacturing R&D across the federal government. Participating agencies include the departments of Commerce (represented by the National Institute of Standards and Technology), Defense, and Energy, as well as the National Science Foundation and NASA. MSFC s ongoing partnership with the State of Louisiana, the University of New Orleans, and Lockheed Martin Corporation at the Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) progressed significantly. Major capital investments were initiated for world-class equipment additions including a universal friction stir welding system, composite fiber placement machine, five-axis machining center, and ten-axis laser ultrasonic nondestructive test system. The NCAM consortium of five universities led by University of New Orleans with Mississippi State University, Tennessee Technological University, Texas A&M University, and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University provided wide-ranging engineering research, new degree/curriculum programs, and a web-based lecture series. NCAM has fostered an important presence and leadership role within the national manufacturing community. Its progressive influence can be seen in government, industry and academia, and in national associations, professional organizations, conferences, workshops, and forums.

Vickers, John

2003-01-01

321

National Center for Manufacturing Sciences: Environmentally conscious manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this presentation is to share the results and some of the thinking of the Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing - Strategic Initiative Group (ECM-SIG) at the National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS). NCMS is a consortium of more than 185 North American Manufacturing organizations comprised of about 75 percent for profit manufacturing companies and about 25 percent nonprofit organizations that support manufacturing activities. NCMS conducts collaborative R&D programs designed to improve global competitiveness of its members and other North American manufacturers to address common issues that are important to manufacturing industries. NCMS is an industry driven organization whose agenda is established by industry with input from appropriate government agencies.

Vinton, Clare

1995-01-01

322

Manufacturing: Cluster Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is one of a series of publications focusing on the occupational preparation of persons with special education needs. The material was developed and tested by cooperating teachers over a period of three years. Task analysis information is presented using occupational descriptions from the Dictionary Titles, covering entry level…

Central Michigan Univ., Mount Pleasant.

323

International Cooperation: A Positive Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conditions for developing international university cooperation are identified, along with stages of international cooperation in education. Guidelines to promote cooperation are provided. The dominant focus and new role of universities has become problem-solving and community development, as distinct from the previous institutional-building…

Soria, Oscar

324

Cooperative control of UAV rendezvous  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cooperative control of timing and synchronization of tasks of multiple unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) represents a valuable capability for a wide range of potential multi-UAV missions. This research addresses the specific problem of cooperative rendezvous in which multiple UAVs are to arrive at their targets simultaneously. The development of a rendezvous manager state machine and a cooperative control decomposition

T. W. McLain; Phillip R. Chandler; Steven Rasmussen; Meir Pachter

2001-01-01

325

Communication in Cooperative Learning Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores aspects of the hypothesis that communication in cooperative learning groups mediates effects of cooperative learning. The study develops a taxonomy of the cooperative communications of groups of predominantly Anglo and Hispanic elementary school students attending a public school where teachers were being trained to implement…

Kalkowski, Page

326

An Odyssey into Cooperative Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experiment using cooperative learning in a introductory pharmacy course in medicinal chemistry revealed general acceptance of the cooperative learning approach by students, and some perceived advantages for both students and teachers. Although quantitative evidence supporting superiority of the cooperative learning approach was not found,…

Lemke, Thomas L.; Basile, Carole

1997-01-01

327

22 CFR 120.36 - United Kingdom Implementing Arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Pursuant to the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Defense Trade Cooperation, done at Washington DC, February 14, 2008, as it...

2013-04-01

328

A Taxonomy of Manufacturing Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and analysis of a numerical taxonomy of manufacturing strategies. The taxonomy was developed with standard methods of cluster analysis, and is based on the relative importance attached to eleven competitive capabilities defining the manufacturing task of 164 large American manufacturing business units. Three distinct clusters of manufacturing strategy groups were observed. Though there is an

Jeffrey G. Miller; Aleda V. Roth

1994-01-01

329

The emergence of cooperation from a single cooperative mutant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Population structure is one central condition which promotes the stability of cooperation: If cooperators more likely interact with other cooperators (positive assortment), they keep most of their benefit for themselves and are less exploited by non-cooperators. However, positive assortment can only act successfully if cooperation is already well established in the population such that cooperative individuals can successfully assort. But how can cooperation emerge when starting with a single cooperative mutant? Here we study this issue for a generic situation of microbial systems where microbes regularly form new colonies and show strong population growth. We show how and when the dynamical interplay between colony formation, population growth and evolution within colonies can provoke the emergence of cooperation. In particular, the probability for a single cooperative mutant to succeed is robustly large when colony-formation is fast or comparable to the time-scale of growth within colonies; growth supports cooperation.[4pt] [1] A. Melbinger, J. Cremer, and E. Frey, Evolutionary game theory in growing populations, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 178101 (2010)[0pt] [2] J. Cremer, A. Melbinger, and E. Frey, Evolutionary and population dynamics: a coupled approach, arXiv:1108.2604

Cremer, Jonas; Melbinger, Anna; Frey, Erwin

2012-02-01

330

Environmentally sound manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA/Thiokol/industry team has developed and started implementation of an environmentally sound manufacturing plan for the continued production of solid rocket motors. They have worked with other industry representatives and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to prepare a comprehensive plan to eliminate all ozone depleting chemicals from manufacturing processes and to reduce the use of other hazardous materials used to produce the space shuttle reusable solid rocket motors. The team used a classical approach for problem solving combined with a creative synthesis of new approaches to attack this problem. As our ability to gather data on the state of the Earth's environmental health increases, environmentally sound manufacturing must become an integral part of the business decision making process.

Caddy, Larry A.; Bowman, Ross; Richards, Rex A.

1994-01-01

331

Squaring cooperative binding circles  

PubMed Central

The cooperative binding effects of viologens and pyridines to a synthetic bivalent porphyrin receptor are used as a model system to study how the magnitudes of these effects relate to the experimentally obtained values. The full thermodynamic and kinetic circles concerning both activation and inhibition of the cage of the receptor for the binding of viologens were measured and evaluated. The results strongly emphasize the apparent character of measured binding and rate constants, in which the fractional saturation of receptors with other guests is linearly expressed in these constants. The presented method can be used as a simple tool to better analyze and comprehend the experimentally observed kinetics and thermodynamics of natural and artificial cooperative systems.

Deutman, Alexander B. C.; Monnereau, Cyrille; Moalin, Mohamed; Coumans, Ruud G. E.; Veling, Nico; Coenen, Michiel; Smits, Jan M. M.; de Gelder, Rene; Elemans, Johannes A. A. W.; Ercolani, Gianfranco; Nolte, Roeland J. M.; Rowan, Alan E.

2009-01-01

332

Clemson Cooperative Extension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every state has an extension office that works out of their respective public university to deliver key information on agriculture, natural resources, food safety and nutrition, economic and community development, and agriculture. Clemson University's Cooperative Education office works to deliver such materials to the residents of South Carolina. On this website, visitors can explore the Programs area to learn about specific action programs in the areas listed above. The Services section is a real gem as it includes information for home and garden fans or persons involved with pesticide control and related matters. Moving along, the Resources area contains mobile apps, livestock and poultry fact sheets, and information on urban pests. Visitors can also follow the cooperative's activities via Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, and their RSS feed.

333

Arrangements of macro- and microchromosomes in chicken cells.  

PubMed

Arrangements of chromosome territories in nuclei of chicken fibroblasts and neurons were analysed employing multicolour chromosome painting, laser confocal scanning microscopy and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction. The chicken karyotype consists of 9 pairs of macrochromosomes and 30 pairs of microchromosomes. Although the latter represent only 23% of the chicken genome they containalmost 50% of its genes. We show that territories of microchromosomes in fibroblasts and neurons were clustered within the centre of the nucleus, while territories of the macrochromosomes were preferentially located towards the nuclear periphery. In contrast to these highly consistent radial arrangements, the relative arrangements of macrochromosome territories with respect to each other (side-by-side arrangements) were variable. A stringent radial arrangement of macro- and microchromosomes was found in mitotic cells. Replication labelling studies revealed a pattern of DNA replication similar to mammalian cell nuclei: gene dense, early replicating chromatin mostly represented by microchromosomes, was located within the nuclear interior, surrounded by a rim of late replicating chromatin. These results support the evolutionary conservation of several features of higher-order chromatin organization between mammals and birds despite the differences in their karyotypes. PMID:11721954

Habermann, F A; Cremer, M; Walter, J; Kreth, G; von Hase, J; Bauer, K; Wienberg, J; Cremer, C; Cremer, T; Solovei, I

2001-01-01

334

Manufacturing Laboratory (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes the purpose, lab specifications, applications scenarios, and information on how to partner with NREL's Manufacturing Laboratory at the Energy Systems Integration Facility. The Manufacturing Laboratory at NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) focuses on developing methods and technologies that will assist manufacturers of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, as well as other renewable energy technologies, to scale up their manufacturing capabilities to volumes that meet DOE and industry targets. Specifically, the manufacturing activity is currently focused on developing and validating quality control techniques to assist manufacturers of low temperature and high temperature fuel cells in the transition from low to high volume production methods for cells and stacks. Capabilities include initial proof-of-concept studies through prototype system development and in-line validation. Existing diagnostic capabilities address a wide range of materials, including polymer films, carbon and catalyst coatings, carbon fiber papers and wovens, and multi-layer assemblies of these materials, as well as ceramic-based materials in pre- or post-fired forms. Work leading to the development of non-contact, non-destructive techniques to measure critical dimensional and functional properties of fuel cell and other materials, and validation of those techniques on the continuous processing line. This work will be supported by materials provided by our partners. Looking forward, the equipment in the laboratory is set up to be modified and extended to provide processing capabilities such as coating, casting, and deposition of functional layers, as well as associated processes such as drying or curing. In addition, continuous processes are used for components of organic and thin film photovoltaics (PV) as well as battery technologies, so synergies with these important areas will be explored.

Not Available

2011-10-01

335

Cooperation in space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The topics from the Technical Interchange Meeting for the NASA Space Exploration Initiative are presented in viewgraph form. The objective is to share a perspective of a cost-effective cooperation management structure of NASA and industry as we move towards the 21st century and the national commitment to continue our exploration in space with humans. Some of the topics covered include a personal background, today's culture, new approaches, congressional oversight, programmatic impact, and recommendations.

Guastaferro, A.

336

Cooperative disease management programs.  

PubMed

Cooperative disease management programs sponsored by pharmaceutical companies and managed care organizations or health care providers can offer significant benefits to patients. They can be structured so as to comply with applicable OIG, FDA, and IRS regulations. Such programs must be structured for the benefit of patients, and not to require the use of or otherwise directly promote the selection of the sponsoring pharmaceutical company's products. PMID:11189793

Jedrey, C M; Chaurette, K A; Winn, L B

2001-01-01

337

Manufacturing techniques for gyroscopes in gravity probe B  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design of the fused silica gyroscope configuration is presented. The first gyroscope was made for erection and spin tests only and does not contain the angle readout loops necessary for a functioning experimental gyroscope. The rotor ball described is not coated with the ultimate material, niobium, but instead with a sandwich of titanium, cooper, and titanium for spin-up test purposes. Background, historical information, manufacturing procedures, and sketches for this gyroscope are included to provide a better understanding of the device and the techniques and special tools required to manufacture a fused silica gyroscope to the required specifications.

Rasquin, J. R.

1976-01-01

338

Photovoltaic manufacturing technology  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies steps leading to manufacturing large volumes of low-cost, large-area photovoltaic (PV) modules. Both crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon technologies were studied. Cost reductions for each step were estimated and compared to Solarex Corporation's manufacturing costs. A cost model, a simple version of the SAMICS methodology developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), projected PV selling prices. Actual costs of materials, labor, product yield, etc., were used in the cost model. The JPL cost model compared potential ways of lowering costs. Solarex identified the most difficult technical challenges that, if overcome, would reduce costs. Preliminary research plans were developed to solve the technical problems. 13 refs.

Wohlgemuth, J.H.; Whitehouse, D.; Wiedeman, S.; Catalano, A.W.; Oswald, R. (Solarex Corp., Frederick, MD (United States))

1991-12-01

339

Mobile Manufacturers Forum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of the Mobile Manufacturer's Forum, an international association of several leading "radio communications equipment manufacturers." Its purpose is to inform the general public about health policies and standards regarding radio frequency (RF) energy emitted by mobile phones and base stations. There are several documents and press releases that can be accessed on the Web site. One in particular, called the Health Policy Update, outlines the research findings of government agencies and independent organizations. These include recommendations for safe design and use, and assessments of health risks associated with cellular phones and other RF devices. An overview of mobile phone technology is also presented.

1998-01-01

340

Advanced Integrated Manufacturing Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A 15,000 sq. ft. state of the art model factory is the centerpiece of the Advanced Integrated Manufacturing (AIM) Center, which offers workforce development, production support, and process improvement services for local industry. In addition to the factory, which companies may utilize for their production needs, the AIM Center also offers Lean Manufacturing workshops (on-site or at the AIM Center). Other workshops, such as CNC programming, CAD/CAM training, injection molding, safety, project management, setup reduction/quick change, value stream mapping, 5S/visual controls, work place organization, lean office, workflow improvement, simulation modeling for workflow, and quality assurance, are also available.

Dilley, David

2009-11-02

341

International pollution control: Cooperative versus noncooperative strategies  

SciTech Connect

International pollution control involving two neighboring countries is modeled as a simple two-player dynamic game. Each country produces a good that is consumed by domestic households. Production of each consumption good results in emissions of pollutants. Households in each country derive utility from the consumption of the domestically produced good but incur costs through the total stock of pollution (stock externality). In this setting we characterize cooperative as well as noncooperative pollution control strategies of the governments of the two countries that maximize the discounted stream of net benefits of a representative consumer. It turns out that when the governments are restricted to use linear strategies noncooperative behavior results in overall losses for both countries. If, on the contrary, governments use nonlinear Markov-perfect strategies and the discount rate is small enough a Pareto-efficient steady-state pollution stock can be supported as a differentiable subgame-perfect equilibrium. Thus, the emergence of first-best solutions (cooperative outcomes) does not require any institutional arrangements (threats, retaliation, etc.) but can be brought about through the use of nonlinear Markov-perfect equilibrium strategies. 20 refs., 1 tab.

Dockner, E.J. (Vienna Univ. of Economics and B.A. (Austria)); Van Long, N. (McGill Univ., Montreal, Quebec (Canada))

1993-07-01

342

International cooperation for Mars exploration and sample return  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Research Council's Space Studies Board has previously recommended that the next major phase of Mars exploration for the United States involve detailed in situ investigations of the surface of Mars and the return to earth for laboratory analysis of selected Martian surface samples. More recently, the European space science community has expressed general interest in the concept of cooperative Mars exploration and sample return. The USSR has now announced plans for a program of Mars exploration incorporating international cooperation. If the opportunity becomes available to participate in Mars exploration, interest is likely to emerge on the part of a number of other countries, such as Japan and Canada. The Space Studies Board's Committee on Cooperative Mars Exploration and Sample Return was asked by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to examine and report on the question of how Mars sample return missions might best be structured for effective implementation by NASA along with international partners. The committee examined alternatives ranging from scientific missions in which the United States would take a substantial lead, with international participation playing only an ancillary role, to missions in which international cooperation would be a basic part of the approach, with the international partners taking on comparably large mission responsibilities. On the basis of scientific strategies developed earlier by the Space Studies Board, the committee considered the scientific and technical basis of such collaboration and the most mutually beneficial arrangements for constructing successful cooperative missions, particularly with the USSR.

Levy, Eugene H.; Boynton, William V.; Cameron, A. G. W.; Carr, Michael H.; Kitchell, Jennifer H.; Mazur, Peter; Pace, Norman R.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Solomon, Sean C.; Wasserburg, Gerald J.

1990-01-01

343

Structural basis for cooperative RNA binding and export complex assembly by HIV Rev  

PubMed Central

HIV replication requires nuclear export of unspliced viral RNAs to translate structural proteins and package genomic RNA. Export is mediated by cooperative binding of the Rev protein to the Rev response element (RRE) RNA, forming a highly specific oligomeric ribonucleoprotein (RNP) that binds to the Crm1 host export factor. To understand how protein oligomerization generates cooperativity and specificity for RRE binding, we solved the crystal structure of a Rev dimer at 2.5 Å resolution. The dimer arrangement organizes arginine-rich helices at the ends of a V-shaped assembly to bind adjacent RNA sites, structurally coupling dimerization and RNA recognition. A second protein–protein interface arranges higher-order Rev oligomers to act as an adapter to the host export machinery, with viral RNA bound to one face and Crm1 to another, thereby using small, interconnected modules to physically arrange the RNP for efficient export.

Daugherty, Matthew D.; Liu, Bella; Frankel, Alan D.

2010-01-01

344

How much domestic quick response manufacturing can a business afford?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Employment in the U.S. apparel industry has declined dramatically since the 1960s. Will it fall inexorably to zero, or is there some base level that can endure? If so, what strategic characteristics are required to survive? There is considerable interest in Quick Response Manufacturing (QRM), not only as a reason to support domestic manufacturing, but also as part of the larger goal of reducing supply chain costs. However, since Domestic Manufacturing is more expensive, why should anyone bother considering it? This paper presents an analytical model of a team approach that includes both domestic and offshore manufacturing. Despite the additional costs associated with U.S. manufacturing, our model predicts that including a domestic contractor is legitimate and cost effective. However, the alliance must be genuinely cooperative. A partnership has to be established early in the retailer's planning cycle, and the manufacturer should participate in the planning. Also, sharing data and making timely decisions imposes a strategic business approach, and the model allows us to describe the characteristic roles and capabilities required. Using this model for guidance, we anticipate that retailers will have the stock to satisfy more customers with fewer markdowns, while manufacturers will see increased margins and lower inventories.

Warburton, Roger D.; Warner, Steven B.

2000-10-01

345

Orientations of linear stone arrangements in New South Wales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We test the hypothesis that Aboriginal linear stone arrangements in New South Wales (NSW) are oriented to cardinal directions. We accomplish this by measuring the azimuths of stone arrangements described in site cards from the NSW Aboriginal Heritage Information Management System. We then survey a subset of these sites to test the accuracy of information recorded on the site cards. We find a preference recorded in the site cards for cardinal orientations among azimuths. The field surveys show that the site cards are reasonably accurate, but the surveyors probably did not correct for magnetic declinations. Using Monte Carlo statistics, we show that these preferred orientations did not occur by chance and that Aboriginal people deliberately aligned these arrangements to the approximate cardinal directions. We briefly explore possible reasons for these preferred orientations and highlight the need for future work.

Hamacher, Duane W.; Fuller, Robert S.; Norris, Ray P.

2012-12-01

346

Financial Arrangements and Relationship Quality in Low-Income Couples  

PubMed Central

This study explored the association between household financial arrangements and relationship quality using a representative sample of low-income couples with children. We detailed the banking arrangements couples utilize, assessed which factors relate to holding a joint account versus joint and separate, only separate, or no account, and analyzed the association between fiscal practices and men’s and women’s relationship quality. The majority of couples held joint accounts, though over one-quarter also have separate accounts; nearly one-tenth have no account. Joint bank accounts were associated with higher levels of relationship quality on numerous dimensions, though more consistently for women than men. Individualistic arrangements appeared to undermine women’s relationship satisfaction and reduce feelings of intimacy, sexual compatibility, and satisfaction with conflict resolution.

Addo, Fenaba R.; Sassler, Sharon

2012-01-01

347

Support arrangement for core modules of nuclear reactors  

DOEpatents

A support arrangement is provided for the core modules of a nuclear reactor which provides support access through the control drive mechanisms of the reactor. This arrangement provides axial support of individual reactor core modules from the pressure vessel head in a manner which permits attachment and detachment of the modules from the head to be accomplished through the control drive mechanisms after their leadscrews have been removed. The arrangement includes a module support nut which is suspended from the pressure vessel head and screw threaded to the shroud housing for the module. A spline lock prevents loosening of the screw connection. An installation tool assembly, including a cell lifting and preloading tool and a torquing tool, fits through the control drive mechanism and provides lifting of the shroud housing while disconnecting the spline lock, as well as application of torque to the module support nut.

Bollinger, Lawrence R. (Schenectady, NY)

1987-01-01

348

Support arrangement for core modules of nuclear reactors  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a support arrangement in combination with a nuclear reactor, which comprises at least one fuel cell module, at least one control drive mechanism, and at least one pressure vessel head. The support arrangement is located between the fuel cell module and the control drive mechanism and is supported by the pressure vessel head, the support arrangement comprising: a module support nut, engaged with the pressure vessel head and supported therefrom, including a downwardly depending screw threaded portion, and a shroud housing for the fuel cell module including a screw threaded portion engaged with the screw threaded portion of the support nut such that the shroud housing is suspended from the support nut and thus from the pressure vessel head, the module support nut and the shroud housing including a locking means for locking the nut and housing against relative rotation.

Bollinger, L.R.

1987-02-17

349

Financial Arrangements and Relationship Quality in Low-Income Couples.  

PubMed

This study explored the association between household financial arrangements and relationship quality using a representative sample of low-income couples with children. We detailed the banking arrangements couples utilize, assessed which factors relate to holding a joint account versus joint and separate, only separate, or no account, and analyzed the association between fiscal practices and men's and women's relationship quality. The majority of couples held joint accounts, though over one-quarter also have separate accounts; nearly one-tenth have no account. Joint bank accounts were associated with higher levels of relationship quality on numerous dimensions, though more consistently for women than men. Individualistic arrangements appeared to undermine women's relationship satisfaction and reduce feelings of intimacy, sexual compatibility, and satisfaction with conflict resolution. PMID:22844174

Addo, Fenaba R; Sassler, Sharon

2010-10-01

350

Support arrangements for core modules of nuclear reactors. [PWR  

DOEpatents

A support arrangement is provided for the core modules of a nuclear reactor which provides support access through the control drive mechanisms of the reactor. This arrangement provides axial support of individual reactor core modules from the pressure vessel head in a manner which permits attachment and detachment of the modules from the head to be accomplished through the control drive mechanisms after their leadscrews have been removed. The arrangement includes a module support nut which is suspended from the pressure vessel head and screw threaded to the shroud housing for the module. A spline lock prevents loosening of the screw connection. An installation tool assembly, including a cell lifting and preloading tool and a torquing tool, fits through the control drive mechanism and provides lifting of the shroud housing while disconnecting the spline lock, as well as application of torque to the module support nut.

Bollinger, L.R.

1983-11-03

351

Arrangement for damping the resonance in a laser diode  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An arrangement for damping the resonance in a laser diode is described. This arrangement includes an additional layer which together with the conventional laser diode form a structure (35) of a bipolar transistor. Therein, the additional layer serves as the collector, the cladding layer next to it as the base, and the active region and the other cladding layer as the emitter. A capacitor is connected across the base and the collector. It is chosen so that at any frequency above a certain selected frequency which is far below the resonance frequency the capacitor impedance is very low, effectively shorting the base to the collector.

Katz, J.; Yariv, A.; Margalit, S. (inventors)

1985-01-01

352

Satellite image registration based on the geometrical arrangement of objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The knowledge of the geometrical relationship between images is a prerequisite for registration. Assuming a conformal affine transformation, 4 transformation parameters have to be determined. This is done on the basis of the geometrical arrangement of characteristic objects extracted from images in a preprocessing step, for example a land use classification yielding forest, pond, or urban regions. The algorithm introduced establishes correspondence between (centers of gravity of) objects by building and matching so-called ANGLE CHAINS, a linear structure for representing a geometric (2D) arrangement. An example with satellite imagery illustrates the usefulness of the algorithm.

Bartl, Renate; Schneider, Werner

1995-11-01

353

Manufacturing & Electronics Hourly Pay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This sheet from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center highlights hourly wages for individuals working in the manufacturing and electronics industries. The information may serve to motivate students to obtain education beyond high school for use in these industries.

2011-01-24

354

Manufacturing Challenge: Flight Simulation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center asks students to conceptualize a flight simulator which would be used to train pilots. The class will draw a sketch of what their simulator would look like. They will then compare their own work to a case study of how a real manufacturing company responded to the same challenge.

2011-02-24

355

Control of Manufacturing Processes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course features a complete set of lecture notes and problem sets with solutions. The objective of this subject is to understand the nature of manufacturing process variation and the methods for its control. The key concepts of these lessons are: statistical process control, process optimization and in-process feedback control.

Boning, Duane S.; Hardt, D. E. (David E.)

2009-01-28

356

Customer-driven manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The basic tasks of a business are straight-forward – getting and keeping customers and making profits, both set within the context of the short and long term. Explicit in these is not only a need for marketing and manufacturing to work well in themselves but to work well together. Companies, however, typically fail in this provision. To move to a

William L. Berry; Terry J. Hill; Jay E. Klompmaker

1995-01-01

357

Turbine airfoil manufacturing technology  

SciTech Connect

The specific goal of this program is to define manufacturing methods that will allow single crystal technology to be applied to complex-cored airfoils components for power generation applications. Tasks addressed include: alloy melt practice to reduce the sulfur content; improvement of casting process; core materials design; and grain orientation control.

Kortovich, C. [PCC Airfoils, Inc., Beachwood, OH (United States)

1995-12-31

358

World class manufacturing (WCM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global competition is forcing rapid change in all areas of industrial business. The purpose of competing is to win. In manufacturing industry, winning means satisfying your customer completely, better than the best in the world, and making money for your company at the same time. World class means changing the way we view and operate all business functions. WCM is

A. Bhakre; S. Bhope

1993-01-01

359

Manufacturing Technology. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides the basic foundation to develop a one-semester course based on the cluster concept, manufacturing technology. One of a set of six guides for an industrial arts curriculum at the junior high school level, it suggests activities that allow students (1) to become familiar with and use some of the tools, materials, and processes…

North Dakota State Board for Vocational Education, Bismarck.

360

Manufacturing (Industrial) Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 35 units to consider for use in a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of manufacturing (industrial) technician. All the units listed will not necessarily apply to every situation or tech prep consortium, nor will all the competencies within each unit be appropriate. Several units appear within each specific…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

361

JSF Manufacturing Demonstration Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Acting through the Air force Research Laboratory at Wright Patterson AFB, the JSF Program Office selected a team led by Ratheon Systems company to refine and demonstrate a powerful set of lean practices and tools as part of the JSF Manufacturing Demonstra...

2000-01-01

362

Strategies for Manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can the industrial way of life be maintained without exhausting resources, generating unmanageable amounts of waste and poisoning the environment The paper discusses how wastes from one industry can serve as the raw materials for another, thus providing an industrial ecosystem characterized by dematerialization and closed-system manufacturing. The paper uses three examples to illustrate an industrial ecosystem: the conversion of

Robert A. Frosch; Nicholas E. Gallopoulos

1989-01-01

363

Manufacturing and Merchandising Careers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anyone with a flair for business, product development, or promotion might consider a manufacturing or merchandising occupation. The music industry offers many career opportunities for administrators, salespersons, marketing specialists--the record industry offers positions from promotion manager to rack jobber. Describes instrument company…

Ryan, Peter J.; And Others

1977-01-01

364

Advanced manufacturing: Technology diffusion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper we examine how manufacturing technology diffuses rom the developers of technology across national borders to those who do not have the capability or resources to develop advanced technology on their own. None of the wide variety of technolog...

A. Tesar

1995-01-01

365

Advanced Computing for Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses ways that supercomputers are being used in the manufacturing industry, including the design and production of airplanes and automobiles. Describes problems that need to be solved in the next few years for supercomputers to assume a major role in industry. (TW)

Erisman, Albert M.; Neves, Kenneth W.

1987-01-01

366

Major Weapon System Acquisition. An Analysis of DoD Management Arrangements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines the various management arrangements between the Department of Defense and contractors for the acquisition of major weapon systems. The purpose was to identify an optimum arrangement. These arrangements, which included a prime contract...

J. D. Meehan T. O. Millett

1968-01-01

367

Extended cooperative control synthesis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper reports on research for extending the Cooperative Control Synthesis methodology to include a more accurate modeling of the pilot's controller dynamics. Cooperative Control Synthesis (CCS) is a methodology that addresses the problem of how to design control laws for piloted, high-order, multivariate systems and/or non-conventional dynamic configurations in the absence of flying qualities specifications. This is accomplished by emphasizing the parallel structure inherent in any pilot-controlled, augmented vehicle. The original CCS methodology is extended to include the Modified Optimal Control Model (MOCM), which is based upon the optimal control model of the human operator developed by Kleinman, Baron, and Levison in 1970. This model provides a modeling of the pilot's compensation dynamics that is more accurate than the simplified pilot dynamic representation currently in the CCS methodology. Inclusion of the MOCM into the CCS also enables the modeling of pilot-observation perception thresholds and pilot-observation attention allocation affects. This Extended Cooperative Control Synthesis (ECCS) allows for the direct calculation of pilot and system open- and closed-loop transfer functions in pole/zero form and is readily implemented in current software capable of analysis and design for dynamic systems. Example results based upon synthesizing an augmentation control law for an acceleration command system in a compensatory tracking task using the ECCS are compared with a similar synthesis performed by using the original CCS methodology. The ECCS is shown to provide augmentation control laws that yield more favorable, predicted closed-loop flying qualities and tracking performance than those synthesized using the original CCS methodology.

Davidson, John B.; Schmidt, David K.

1994-01-01

368

Flexible Work Arrangements: Accessibility in a University Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attraction and retention of highly qualified employees has become an area of concern for Australian universities. It has been suggested that flexible work arrangements can be utilised to achieve this goal once the factors affecting their uptake have been identified. This mixed-method study of 495 academic and general staff at an Australian…

Sharafizad, Fleur; Paull, Megan; Omari, Maryam

2011-01-01

369

SOLAR DRYING SIMULATION OF PRUNES ARRANGED IN THIN LAYERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solar drying of prunes arranged in thin layers in a multi-shelf type drier is simulated. The weather conditions are those found during harvest in humid pampa region (hot-temperate and humid climate). A mathematical model based on Luikov's theory of drying and including an equation that describes the material shrinkage is employed. The airstream humidification is taken into account in order

D. A. Weitz; E. A. Luque; R. D. Piacentini

1990-01-01

370

Father-Son Decision-Making in Joint Farming Arrangements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a larger study of father-son farms, this study explored the decision-making patterns of farm families which have self-designated father-son, joint farming arrangements. Emphasis was upon the determination of: (1) personal and situational factors which are explanative of the father's or son's perception of decision-making involvement and…

Kowalski, Gregory S.; Coughenour, C. Milton

371

Towards Design Guidelines for Work Related Learning Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to produce design guidelines based on insights from both practice and theory that will enable teachers and educational developers to execute the design, implementation and evaluation of their work-related learning arrangements with stakeholders involved. Design/methodology/approach: The first study reported in…

Lappia, Josephine H.

2011-01-01

372

Workers in Alternative Employment Arrangements: A Second Look.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the proportion and characteristics of workers in four alternative employment arrangements in February 1997 were little different from two years earlier. The groups--temporary-help-agency workers, contract company workers, workers who are on call, and independent contractors--continue to be highly diverse. (Author/JOW)

Cohany, Sharon R.

1998-01-01

373

Regulated Power Supply having a Series Arrangement of Inverters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A regulated power supply, which may be of the A.C.-to-D.C. type utilizes a series arrangement of inverters because of a voltage rating of these inverters with respect to the magnitude of the D.C. driving voltage available either as a consequence of rectif...

D. W. Perkins M. W. Smith

1977-01-01

374

Spatial arrangement in texture discrimination and texture segregation  

PubMed Central

We investigated the role of spatial arrangement of texture elements in three psychophysical experiments on texture discrimination and texture segregation. In our stimuli, oriented Gabor elements formed an iso-oriented and a randomly oriented texture region. We manipulated (1) the orientation similarity in the iso-oriented region by adding orientation jitter to the orientation of each Gabor; (2) the spatial arrangement of the Gabors: quasi-random or regular; and (3) the shape of the edge between the two texture regions: straight or curved. In Experiment 1, participants discriminated an iso-oriented stimulus from a stimulus with only randomly oriented elements. Experiment 2 required texture segregation to judge the shape of the texture edge. Experiment 3 replicated Experiment 2 with Gabors of a smaller spatial extent in a denser arrangement. We found comparable performance levels with regular and quasi-random Gabor positions in the discrimination task but not in the segregation tasks. We conclude that spatial arrangement plays a role in a texture segregation task requiring shape discrimination of the texture edge but not in a texture discrimination task in which it is sufficient to discriminate an iso-oriented region from a completely random region.

Vancleef, Kathleen; Putzeys, Tom; Gheorghiu, Elena; Sassi, Michael; Machilsen, Bart; Wagemans, Johan

2013-01-01

375

COMPARISON OF ELECTROHYDRODYNAMIC EFFECT ON THE WAVY CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heat transfer enhancement with electrohydrodynamic (EHD) technique in laminar forced convection inside a wavy channel with different flow arrangements is numerically investigated. The electric field is generated by the wire electrodes charged with DC high voltage. The mathematical modeling includes the interactions among electric field, flow field, and temperature field. It is found that the heat transfer coefficient with the

N. Kasayapanand; T. Kiatsiriroat

376

A simple obstacle arrangement detection algorithm for indoor mobile robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last several years, indoor mobile robot systems not only for industrial use but also for home or office use have been developed. When the robot works in a narrow workspace, it often collides with obstacles. We thought that one of the causes of the collisions was an arrangement of circumambient obstacles. The robot often works in an unknown

Hiroyuki Takai; Masamichi Miyake; Kiyoshi Okuda; Keihachiro Tachibana

2010-01-01

377

Flexible work arrangements in Greece: a study of employee perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is twofold: first, to explore factors that affect employees' perceptions towards flexible work options; second, to examine whether the perceived benefits and barriers associated with work flexibility predict one's decision to participate in flexible work arrangements or not. A total of 362 Greek employees participated in the study to determine their attitudes towards flexible work

Stefanos K. Giannikis; Dimitrios M. Mihail

2011-01-01

378

8. Photograph of a line drawing. 'GENERAL ARRANGEMENT OF PRODUCER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Photograph of a line drawing. 'GENERAL ARRANGEMENT OF PRODUCER GAS PLANT - ELEVATION.' Holston Ordnance Works, Tennessee Eastman Corporation. December 9, 1942; revised February 16, 1943, November 3, 1943, October 15, 1982. Delineator: H. J. G. Drawing # 7651-117.11. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Producer Gas Plant, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

379

Randomized Complexity Lower Bound for Arrangements and Polyhedra  

Microsoft Academic Search

.    The complexity lower bound ? (log N ) for randomized computation trees is proved for recognizing an arrangement or a polyhedron with N faces. This provides, in particular, the randomized lower bound ? (n log n ) for the DISTINCTNESS problem and generalizes [11] where the randomized lower bound ? (n\\u000a \\u000a 2\\u000a ) was ascertained for the KNAPSACK

Dima Grigoriev

1999-01-01

380

Typical building arrangements for urban air pollution modelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Typical building arrangements along urban roads and their parameters were determined for three cities in the south-western part of Germany. Some examples of the dispersion of vehicle emissions within idealized street canyons show how different building parameters influence the concentration of air pollutants.

W. Theurer

1999-01-01

381

38. SECTIONS OF ACCESS CORRIDOR, INCLUDES SECTION SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

38. SECTIONS OF ACCESS CORRIDOR, INCLUDES SECTION SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF NAVY GUN BARRELS. INEEL DRAWING NUMBER 200-0633-00-287-106454. FLUOR NUMBER 5775-CPP-633-P-59. - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Old Waste Calcining Facility, Scoville, Butte County, ID

382

82. ROOSEVELT POWER CANAL, SUGGESTED ARRANGEMENT FOR ELECTRICAL OPERATION OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

82. ROOSEVELT POWER CANAL, SUGGESTED ARRANGEMENT FOR ELECTRICAL OPERATION OF SLUICE GATES AND CANAL INTAKE GATES AT DIVERSION DAM Courtesy of Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Salt River Project, Arizona - Roosevelt Power Canal & Diversion Dam, Parallels Salt River, Roosevelt, Gila County, AZ

383

Numerical Simulation of Propeller Performance with an Inclined Shaft Arrangement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A propeller in an inclined shaft arrangement has been simulated using a Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes solver. The commercially available codes Ansys' Fluent and IcemCFD were used for the numerical simulation. The method has been demonstrated through a s...

C. Dai S. Schroeder

2010-01-01

384

Concentric pipe loop arrangement for pressurized water nuclear reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a nuclear reactor primary coolant system having a reactor vessel, a steam generator, and a reactor coolant pump, a pipe loop arrangement is described comprising: a first pipe connecting an outlet of the reactor vessel with an inlet of the steam generator whereby hot reactor coolant is ducted to the steam generator; a second pipe substantially concentrically mounted within

Veronesi

1988-01-01

385

48 CFR 47.305-13 - Transit arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...arrangements may be beneficial. The quantity to be awarded must be of...requested in carload/truckload quantities. (ii) The contracting...origin offers for large quantities of supplies that contractors...goods on prepaid commercial bills of lading, subject to...

2013-10-01

386

1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series: Plastics Bottle Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This data from the US Department of Commerce Census Bureau constitutes the one of the first in a series of several hundred reports on individual industries in the manufacturing sector from the 1997 Economic Census. The 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series on Plastics Bottle Manufacturing reports that California, Illinois, and Ohio accounted for a third of the $6.4 billion worth of 1997 goods shipped by the nation's plastics bottle manufacturers.

387

75 FR 104 - Manufacturing & Services' Sustainable Manufacturing Initiative; Update  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INFORMATION: ITA's Manufacturing and Services...individual U.S. firms at its October...programs to U.S. firms across the country...the Sustainable Manufacturing American Regional...specific U.S. manufacturing sectors. These...hurdles U.S. firms are facing in...

2010-01-04

388

Cooperative nonproliferation activities  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) under DOE sponsorship is engaged in nuclear nonproliferation activities with the Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation (PNC) of Japan. From 1995 to the present SNL and PNC have been participating in a cooperative project to implement and assess the use of remote monitoring to achieve nuclear nonproliferation objectives. Implementation of remote monitoring at the PNC Joyo facility took place during 1996 and continues to date. An International Fellowship began in the Fall of 1995 and has complemented the nonproliferation study. Plans are underway to extend the Fellowship and to upgrade the existing Remote Monitoring System to include another area at the Joyo facility. SNL and PNC are currently exploring the possibility of exchanging experts with the objective of promoting regional confidence building in Northeast Asia, possibly using some of the same remote monitoring technologies. This paper will provide an overview of these activities and report on the status of cooperative nonproliferation activities being conducted by PNC and SNL.

Ystesund, K.; Furaus, J.; Lucero, R. [and others

1997-08-01

389

Resource heterogeneity can facilitate cooperation  

PubMed Central

Although social structure is known to promote cooperation, by locally exposing selfish agents to their own deeds, studies to date assumed that all agents have access to the same level of resources. This is clearly unrealistic. Here we find that cooperation can be maintained when some agents have access to more resources than others. Cooperation can then emerge even in populations in which the temptation to defect is so strong that players would act fully selfishly if their resources were distributed uniformly. Resource heterogeneity can thus be crucial for the emergence and maintenance of cooperation. We also show that resource heterogeneity can hinder cooperation once the temptation to defect is significantly lowered. In all cases, the level of cooperation can be maximized by managing resource heterogeneity.

Kun, Adam; Dieckmann, Ulf

2013-01-01

390

Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association (PMA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Nonprofit scientific, professional, and trade organization consisting of more than 140 firms engaged primarily in the manufacture\\u000a of prescription pharmaceutical, medical device, and diagnostic products; these firms account for more than 90% of US industry\\u000a sales of human dosage drugs; globally, by 2002 the 10 largest drug firms accounted for 48% of pharmaceutical sales worldwide\\u000a (1985: 20%); 8 of 10

Gerhard Nahler

391

75 FR 78715 - Small Entity Compliance Guide: Current Good Manufacturing Practice in Manufacturing, Packaging...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Small Entity Compliance Guide: Current Good Manufacturing Practice in Manufacturing, Packaging, Labeling, or Holding Operations...availability of a guidance entitled ``Current Good Manufacturing Practice in Manufacturing, Packaging,...

2010-12-16

392

75 FR 38078 - Manufacturing and Services' Manufacture America Initiative and Events  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Manufacturing and Services' Manufacture America...to promote growth and retooling in manufacturing...International Trade Administration's Manufacturing and Services Unit is launching a...

2010-07-01

393

Advanced manufacturing: Technology diffusion  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we examine how manufacturing technology diffuses rom the developers of technology across national borders to those who do not have the capability or resources to develop advanced technology on their own. None of the wide variety of technology diffusion mechanisms discussed in this paper are new, yet the opportunities to apply these mechanisms are growing. A dramatic increase in technology diffusion occurred over the last decade. The two major trends which probably drive this increase are a worldwide inclination towards ``freer`` markets and diminishing isolation. Technology is most rapidly diffusing from the US In fact, the US is supplying technology for the rest of the world. The value of the technology supplied by the US more than doubled from 1985 to 1992 (see the Introduction for details). History shows us that technology diffusion is inevitable. It is the rates at which technologies diffuse to other countries which can vary considerably. Manufacturers in these countries are increasingly able to absorb technology. Their manufacturing efficiency is expected to progress as technology becomes increasingly available and utilized.

Tesar, A.

1995-12-01

394

The James Fenimore Cooper Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website is devoted to "encouraging the enjoyment of Cooper's 32 novels, appreciation of his ideas, and providing useful information to students, scholars, and readers." And the site does not disappoint, standing as one of the most comprehensive single-author Websites we've seen. It provides copious text by and about Cooper, including online copies of little-known Cooper texts -- mostly articles and short stories; links to texts of his novels; a browseable/searchable hypertext bibliography of hundreds of scholarly articles and papers devoted to Cooper available online; reference documents providing historical context to Cooper's work; an annotated bibliography of Cooper criticism in print; an annotated list of quality links; materials relating to Susan Fenimore Cooper (a nature writer in her own right whose work influenced her husband); a picture gallery promising to contain images of Cooper, his manuscripts, and the landscapes about which he wrote (currently this contains about a dozen pictures from the 1911 filming of The Deerslayer); and considerably more. Created and maintained by scholars, relatives of Cooper himself, and devoted amateurs, the site's adoration of its subject does not prevent it from also presenting a few of the fine send-ups of Cooper's prose style penned by other authors, including Thackeray's "The Stars and Stripes," a parody of Cooper's style originally published in Punch. The site is still under construction, and visitors can look forward to plentiful additions in the months to come. The authors of the site also promise to answer any questions sent to them relating to Cooper; click on "Ask Fenimore" on the homepage.

395

Flexible Manufacturing Systems in Japan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents a trip, the purpose of which was to assess the Japanese developments in the area of computer-aided manufacturing known as Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS's). The information that follows comes from referenced documents, interview...

G. K. Hutchinson

1977-01-01

396

Manufacturing a Superconductor in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is the manufacture of a superconductor from a commercially available kit using equipment usually available in schools or easily obtainable. The construction is described in detail including equipment, materials, safety procedures, tolerances, and manufacture. (Author/CW)

Barrow, John

1989-01-01

397

The Temporal Dynamics of Cooperation.  

PubMed

Parties in real-world conflicts often attempt to punish each other's behavior. If this strategy fails to produce mutual cooperation, they may increase punishment magnitude. The present experiment investigated whether delay-reduction - potentially less harmful than magnitude increase - would generate mutual cooperation as interactions are repeated. Participants played a prisoner's dilemma game against a computer that played a tit-for-tat strategy, cooperating after a participant cooperated, defecting after a participant defected. For half of the participants, the delay between their choice and the computer's next choice was long relative to the delay between the computer's choice and their next choice. For the other half, long and short delays were reversed. The tit-for-tat contingency reinforces the other player's cooperation (by cooperating) and punishes the other player's defection (by defecting). Both rewards and punishers are discounted by delay. Consistent with delay discounting, participants cooperated more when the delay between their choice and the computer's cooperation (reward) or defection (punishment) was relatively short. These results suggest that, in real-world tit-for-tat conflicts, decreasing delay of reciprocation or retaliation may foster mutual cooperation as effectively as (or more effectively than) the more usual tactic of increasing magnitude of reciprocation or retaliation. PMID:22754115

Locey, Matthew L; Rachlin, Howard

2012-07-01

398

Safe food manufacturing.  

PubMed

Food safety is a growing preoccupation of the health authorities and the major food companies in any European country. All the aspects of food manufacturing, from the raw materials until the product is consumed have to insure they are innoxious to human health, eliminate any harmful effects related either to food handling or consumption in domestic or common eating places, as well as protect, as much as possible, our environment. Thus, the food manufacturer has to examine step-by-step the security of the agro-cultures, their composition, but also the possible residues of pollutants and contaminants, or chemicals used to protect them against various pests and determine the possible loss or retention of these substances during technological processes. Animal raw materials should not contain veterinary drug residues or an abnormal amount of some components that result from inadequate feeding. Care should be taken to ensure the security of foods manufactured by biotechnology processes. The organisms and the whole processes used in food biotechnologies should eliminate any impurities. Any minor food ingredients, such as food additives, are under a permanent revision from the point of view of their safety. The industry reacts immediately if any justification requires that a particular food additive should not be used. In other words all the raw materials must conform to their specifications. Technological processes must create a food with an adequate microbiological quality, e.g. free of pathogens and their toxic metabolites. Any danger of microbiological contamination or accidental pollution, such as mechanical particles, chemical substances, etc. should be eliminated. The particular role of food packaging is crucial, since this is a barrier to protect the food against further parasites or microbial contamination and preserve the food from alterations due to enzymatic reactions that require particular oxygen and water activity conditions. The packaging should also protect against possible criminal damage. In addition, the material of packaging should not allow micro-migration to the food. It should be inert against its food content. Another aspect of food packaging that has to be taken into account is its recovery and recyclability. Finally, the food manufacturer has to ensure that the nutritional value of the product does not diminish through its shelf-life. The consumer should be advised about the effects of culinary practices since some of them, such as deep frying or grilling under certain circumstances, may create undesirable substances potentially harmful to human health. The food manufacturing in the context of the environment protection requires a separate issue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:8202696

Shapiro, A; Mercier, C

1994-03-31

399

77 FR 66179 - Manufacturing Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary of Commerce for Manufacturing and Services intends to establish...strategic challenges faced by the manufacturing sector in the United States...of a U.S. entity in the manufacturing industry and its particular...entity is defined as a firm incorporated in the...

2012-11-02

400

77 FR 2275 - Manufacturing Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...applicants who are active manufacturing executives (Chief Executive...leaders within their local manufacturing communities and industries...of a U.S. entity in the manufacturing sector. For the purposes...entity is defined as a firm incorporated in the...

2012-01-17

401

77 FR 69794 - Manufacturing Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary of Commerce for Manufacturing and Services intends to establish...strategic challenges faced by the manufacturing sector in the United...of a U.S. entity in the manufacturing industry and its particular...entity is defined as a firm incorporated in the...

2012-11-21

402

77 FR 56811 - Manufacturing Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary of Commerce for Manufacturing and Services intends to establish...strategic challenges faced by the manufacturing sector in the United States...of a U.S. entity in the manufacturing industry and its particular...entity is defined as a firm incorporated in the...

2012-09-14

403

75 FR 12507 - Manufacturing Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...applicants who are active manufacturing executives (Chief Executive...leaders within their local manufacturing communities and industries...of a U.S. entity in the manufacturing sector. For the purposes...entity shall be defined as a firm incorporated in the...

2010-03-16

404

75 FR 80040 - Manufacturing Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...applicants who are active manufacturing executives (Chief Executive...leaders within their local manufacturing communities and industries...of a U.S. entity in the manufacturing sector. For the purposes...entity is defined as a firm incorporated in the...

2010-12-21

405

75 FR 30781 - Manufacturing Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...applicants who are active manufacturing executives (Chief Executive...leaders within their local manufacturing communities and industries...of a U.S. entity in the manufacturing sector. For the purposes...entity shall be defined as a firm incorporated in the...

2010-06-02

406

78 FR 67117 - Manufacturing Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...businesses in the manufacturing industry that are controlled...or an unincorporated firm with its principal...cross-section of the U.S. manufacturing industry in terms of...S. entity in the manufacturing industry and its particular...entity is defined as a firm incorporated in...

2013-11-08

407

76 FR 33244 - Manufacturing Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...applicants who are active manufacturing executives (Chief Executive...leaders within their local manufacturing communities and industries...of a U.S. entity in the manufacturing sector. For the purposes...entity is defined as a firm incorporated in the...

2011-06-08

408

Flexibility in manufacturing: A survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an attempt to survey the vast literature on flexibility in manufacturing that has accumulated over the last 10 to 20 years. The survey begins with a brief review of the classical literature on flexibility in economics and organization theory, which provides a background for manufacturing flexibility. Several kinds of flexibilities in manufacturing are then defined carefully along

Andrea Krasa Sethi; Suresh Pal Sethi

1990-01-01

409

Out of Bounds Additive Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

Lockheed Martin and Oak Ridge National Laboratory are working on an additive manufacturing (AM) system capable of manufacturing components measured not in terms of inches or feet, but multiple yards in all dimensions with the potential to manufacture parts that are completely unbounded in size.

Holshouser, Chris [Lockheed Martin Corporation; Newell, Clint [Lockheed Martin Corporation; Palas, Sid [Lockheed Martin Corporation; Love, Lonnie J [ORNL; Kunc, Vlastimil [ORNL; Lind, Randall F [ORNL; Lloyd, Peter D [ORNL; Rowe, John C [ORNL; Blue, Craig A [ORNL; Duty, Chad E [ORNL; Peter, William H [ORNL; Dehoff, Ryan R [ORNL

2013-01-01

410

Improving the viability of manufacturers’ representatives with industry-based sales training initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately one million manufacturers’ representatives exist in the USA and their training needs are deserving of research attention. They are typically associated with small agency firms that have limited resources to arrange in-house sales training – especially for new sales personnel. Thus, an industry-wide survey was done to identify perceived training needs and potential demand for this program. These results

J. Donald Weinrauch; Marilyn Stephens-Friesen; Rodney L. Carlson

2001-01-01

411

Atomically Precise Manufacturing: The Opportunity, Challenges, and Impact  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fifty years ago, Richard Feynman famously stated that "I am not afraid to consider the final question as to whether, ultimately—in the great future—we can arrange the atoms the way we want" (Feynman, "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom", speech on December 29th 1959 at the annual meeting of the American Physical Society at the California Institute of Technology). Twenty years ago, Don Eigler of IBM, did arrange atoms the way he wanted (Eigler and Schweizer, Nature 344:524, 1990). We contend that in the very near future, that arranging atoms the way we want will become a manufacturing technology. This technology will start small, very small, in making practical and profitable products, and from there scale-up to a wide range of products and applications with very large economic and societal impacts. We will explain some of the details of the path that we are on to achieve Atomically Precise Manufacturing (APM), some of the challenges we must overcome to succeed, and the surprising number of applications that we have identified that are waiting for us to exploit.

Randall, John N.; Von Ehr, James R.; Ballard, Joshua; Owen, James; Saini, Rahul; Fuchs, Ehud; Xu, Hai; Chen, Shi

412

Cooperative communications with relay-selection: when to cooperate and whom to cooperate with?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper; we propose a new cooperative communication protocol, which achieves higher bandwidth efficiency while guaranteeing the same diversity order as that of the conventional cooperative schemes. The proposed scheme considers relay selection via the available partial channel state information (CSI) at the source and the relays. In particular, we discuss the multi-node decode-and-forward cooperative scenarios, where arbitrary N

Ahmed S. Ibrahim; Ahmed K. Sadek; Weifeng Su; K. J. Ray Liu

2008-01-01

413

Cooperative Digital Resources Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an effort to provide a large set of high-quality digital resources for the study of religion, the American Theological Library Association and Association of Theological Schools established the Cooperative Digital Resource Initiative (CDRI). Drawing on the extensive holdings of its member institutions, including Vanderbilt University, the Hartford Seminary, and Boston University, CDRI has assembled an impressive digital image collection that features woodcuts, coins, maps, postcards, sermons, and other ephemera. First-time visitors can utilize the search form offered on the homepage, or they may also wish to browse the collections thematically. There are some real gems here, including a collection of postcards of New England Congregational and Baptist churches and illuminations from Armenian Gospels.

414

Helios /cooperative solar probe/  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The joint German and NASA project Helios is reviewed with special attention paid to the advanced technology required to accomplish the mission, i.e., thermal (second surface mirrors), telecommunications (despun high gain antenna) and power (high temperature solar cells). Engineering and system results are presented for the Mar. 15, 1975 perihelion passage of Helios A to within 0.31 AU of the sun. Also discussed are mission design, the experiment performance, spacecraft configurations, the launch vehicle, and tracking and data acquisition. Tables are included describing the history of German-U.S. cooperation, prelaunch milestones and significant mission events, experiments performance during primary mission and mission dependent requirements, development problems and solutions.

Ousley, G. W.; Kutzer, A.

1975-01-01

415

Cooperative phenomena in swarms  

SciTech Connect

A model of the cooperative behavior of a large number of locally acting organisms is proposed. The space in which the organisms move is discretized, and is modeled by a lattice of nodes, or cells. Each cell has a specified volume, and is connected to other cells in the space in a definite way. Organisms move probabilistically between local cells in this space, but with weights dependent on local morphogenic substances, or morphogens. The morphogens are in turn are effected by the passage of an organism. The evolution of the morphogens, and the corresponding flow of the organisms constitutes the collective behavior of the group. The generic properties of such systems are analyzed, and a number of results are obtained. The model has various types of phase transitions and self-organizing properties controlled both by the level of the noise, and other parameters.

Millonas, M.M.

1992-12-01

416

Cooperative phenomena in swarms  

SciTech Connect

A model of the cooperative behavior of a large number of locally acting organisms is proposed. The space in which the organisms move is discretized, and is modeled by a lattice of nodes, or cells. Each cell has a specified volume, and is connected to other cells in the space in a definite way. Organisms move probabilistically between local cells in this space, but with weights dependent on local morphogenic substances, or morphogens. The morphogens are in turn are effected by the passage of an organism. The evolution of the morphogens, and the corresponding flow of the organisms constitutes the collective behavior of the group. The generic properties of such systems are analyzed, and a number of results are obtained. The model has various types of phase transitions and self-organizing properties controlled both by the level of the noise, and other parameters.

Millonas, M.M.

1992-01-01

417

North Carolina Cooperative Extension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North Carolina Cooperative Extension is based at NC State University and NC A&T State University, along with offering field locations in all 100 counties in the Tarheel State as well as the Cherokee Reservation. Their website is full of helpful fact sheets, research papers, and educational resources that address everything from field crops to community development. Along the left-hand side of the homepage, visitors will find a topical list of categories covered here, including direct links to the county centers and other state partner organizations. First-time visitors should also look at the "Featured Content" area. Here they will get the flavor of the site through materials titled "Flood and Disaster Preparedness in North Carolina" and "Stink Bugs Like Your House Too".

418

Cooperative Forestry Research Unit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 1975, the University of Maine's Cooperative Forestry Research Unit (CFRU) has "conducted applied scientific research in order to provide Maine's policy makers and forest landowners with the information necessary to ensure both sustainable forest management practices and effective public policy." On the CFRU website, users will find information about current projects, publications, conferences, and so on. Clicking on the Current Projects will return brief synopses of ongoing work, which includes research projects on silviculture, wildlife habitat managements, and biodiversity across the state. Moving on, the Publications area contains annual reports and bulletins. The bulletins include briefs such as "The Maine Woods: Understanding Tomorrow's Forests Today" and recent news releases. The site also includes information about upcoming conferences, contact information and a helpful About CFRU area.

2011-01-01

419

US/Japan cooperation in high energy physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of the Implementing Arrangement was to further the energy programs of both countries by establishing a framework for cooperation in the field of high energy physics, including research, accelerator and detector instrumentation research and development, the fabrication and subsequent use of new experimental devices and facilities, and related joint efforts as may be mutually agreed. Over the years, this cooperation has been very effective and has strengthened the overall collaborative efforts and the understanding between our nations and their citizens. It has demonstrated to the world our ability to work together to attack difficult problems. High Energy Physics goes across national borders; the bond is clearly intellectual and common ground is shared for the benefit of all in a most effective manner. This review covers the activities conducted under the aegis of the US/Japan Committee for Cooperation in High Energy Physics during the past five years (1988-1993). This was the second such US review of the US/Japan cooperative activities; the first was held in 1987.

1993-11-01

420

On the topology of the world exchange arrangements web  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exchange arrangements among different countries over the world are foundations of the world economy, which generally stand behind the daily economic evolution. As the first study of the world exchange arrangements web (WEAW), we built a bipartite network with countries as one type of nodes and currencies as the other, and found it to have a prominent scale-free feature with a power-law degree distribution. In a further empirical study of the currency section of the WEAW, we calculated the clustering coefficients, average nearest-neighbors degree, and average shortest distance. As an essential economic network, the WEAW is found to be a correlated disassortative network with a hierarchical structure, possessing a more prominent scale-free feature than the world trade web (WTW).

Li, Xiang; Jin, Yu Ying; Chen, Guanrong

2004-11-01

421

Antireflective structures fabricated from silica nanoparticles with regular arrangement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novel antireflective surfaces with silica particles arranged regularly and tightly are proposed and fabricated by self assemble silica nanoparticle through electrostatic attraction between charged colloidal particles and charged polyelectrolyte multilayer. Due to regularly arrangement of the particles, the nanoparticle coatings, as homogeneous porous layers with uniform distribution, show high-quality and uniform antireflective capability in each region on the substrate. It has been sufficiently demonstrated in our experiments. Furthermore, the relations among the antireflective capability, average size of nanoparticles, and incident angle of the irradiated light are calculated by finite-difference time-domain method. It is demonstrated that the nanostructure coatings with particles of 100 nm size possess the excellently suitable performance for reflection/transmission with respect to visible-light region. From the results, the fabricated anti-reflective nanostructures have great potential to improve the efficiency of optoelectronic devices such as a photo-detector and solar cells.

Zhang, Yukun; Liu, Yan; Pang, Hui; Shi, Lifang; Dong, Xiaochun; Deng, Qiling; Du, Jinglei; Yin, Shaoyun; Du, Chunlei

2012-11-01

422

Quantum Integrable Model of an Arrangement of Hyperplanes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this paper is to give a geometric construction of the Bethe algebra (of Hamiltonians) of a Gaudin model associated to a simple Lie algebra. More precisely, in this paper a quantum integrable model is assigned to a weighted arrangement of affine hyperplanes. We show (under certain assumptions) that the algebra of Hamiltonians of the model is isomorphic to the algebra of functions on the critical set of the corresponding master function. For a discriminantal arrangement we show (under certain assumptions) that the symmetric part of the algebra of Hamiltonians is isomorphic to the Bethe algebra of the corresponding Gaudin model. It is expected that this correspondence holds in general (without the assumptions). As a byproduct of constructions we show that in a Gaudin model (associated to an arbitrary simple Lie algebra), the Bethe vector, corresponding to an isolated critical point of the master function, is nonzero.

Varchenko, Alexander

2011-03-01

423

Site pre-cast yard layout arrangement through genetic algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of modular construction has gained wide acceptance in the housing sector. Standardized modular units are often pre-cast on site. The establishment of site pre-cast yard, in particular arranging the pre-cast facilities within the compound, presents real challenge to site management. This complex task is further aggregated with the involvement of several resources with different transport cost. A GA-model

Sai-On Cheung; Thomas Kin-Lun Tong; Chi-Ming Tam

2002-01-01

424

Teaching Case: Textiles and the Multi-Fiber Arrangement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An "oldie but goodie" this 1983 case (revised in 1990), is set in December 1981, when the international arrangement governing international trade in textiles is up for renewal. The US, Europe and developing countries must decide how to divide the international textile market. The debate in the case focuses on who wins and loses from protectionism. There are eight pages of text and eight more pages of data and exhibits.

David B. Yoffie and Jane Kenney Austin. Harvard Business School Case 383-164.

425

Parental educational involvement conceived as the arrangement of contingency operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the utility of a conception of parental educational involvement as the arrangement of contingency operations that normatively change: the frequency of children’s school?related behaviour, the reinforcing potency of stimuli produced by studying, and children’s tendencies to request parental intervention. A child?report measure of parental contingency use was developed and administered to 1520 schoolchildren (Grades Four to Six).

Robert C. Mellon; Adrianos G. Moutavelis

2009-01-01

426

Metal Additive Manufacturing: A Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reviews the state-of-the-art of an important, rapidly emerging, manufacturing technology that is alternatively called additive manufacturing (AM), direct digital manufacturing, free form fabrication, or 3D printing, etc. A broad contextual overview of metallic AM is provided. AM has the potential to revolutionize the global parts manufacturing and logistics landscape. It enables distributed manufacturing and the productions of parts-on-demand while offering the potential to reduce cost, energy consumption, and carbon footprint. This paper explores the material science, processes, and business consideration associated with achieving these performance gains. It is concluded that a paradigm shift is required in order to fully exploit AM potential.

Frazier, William E.

2014-06-01

427

Dynamics of dielectric barrier discharges in different arrangements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on experimental results, numerical investigations of dielectric barrier discharges (DBDs) have been performed in three basic configurations: in the volume, coplanar and surface discharge arrangements. It is shown that the DBD dynamics is the same in all arrangements and it is determined by the development of a few principal constituents, i.e. cathode- and anode-directed streamers, discharge channel, cathode layer and surface charges. It is found that the anode- and cathode-directed streamers appear with a highly conductive channel in between. The interaction of the streamers with conductive and dielectric surfaces determines the filamentary or homogeneous appearance of the discharge and its properties. The cathode-directed streamer is a self-sustaining phenomenon, which moves in a gas gap or along an electrode driven by a positive loop-back between photoemission and electron multiplication. The anode-directed streamer plays a subsidiary role. Depending on the kind of gas (electronegative or electropositive) and/or the degree of development of the cathode-directed streamer, the field strength in the conductive channels changes significantly. When the cathode-directed streamer touches the electrode surface, a cathode layer appears with parameters close to those of normal glow discharges. In volume discharge arrangements the movement of the streamers results in the appearance of Lichtenberg figures on dielectric surfaces.

Gibalov, Valentin I.; Pietsch, Gerhard J.

2012-04-01

428

Experimental investigation of a conical helicon double layer thruster arrangement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A conical pyrex plasma source with a conical helicon antenna surrounded by two cylindrically wound solenoids has been used in a helicon double layer thruster (HDLT) arrangement with the aim of investigating a new plasma cavity geometry and imposing a misalignment between the geometric and magnetic axis. An ion beam is measured with an energy analyser placed 6 cm downstream of the source exit for a low pressure argon plasma (~0.4 mTorr) for various currents in the two solenoids. Operation with current in the exhaust solenoid only also shows the presence of the ion beam. For a given radiofrequency power and similar total solenoidal current, the ion beam current measured downstream of the conical HDLT is about seven times greater than that previously measured downstream of the cylindrical HDLT. This may result from a larger plasma density in the source and from a source peak density shift by about 10 cm towards the tube exit measured in the conical arrangement compared with previous observations in the cylindrical arrangement. When an angle between the geometric and magnetic axis of up to 9° is mechanically imposed, the ion beam is detected for angles less than 5°.

Charles, C.; Cox, W.; Boswell, R. W.; Lainé, R.; Perren, M.

2010-08-01

429

Cooperative Learning in Bibliographic Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Librarians from three regional campuses of Kent State University examine cooperative learning as an alternative to a lecture format for bibliographic instruction. The results of a research project comparing the effectiveness of cooperative learning and traditional methods are presented. Discussion includes problems in the evaluation process; steps…

Cook, Kim N.; And Others

1995-01-01

430

Cooperative processes in image segmentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research into the role of cooperative, or relaxation, processes in image segmentation is surveyed. Cooperative processes can be employed at several levels of the segmentation process as a preprocessing enhancement step, during supervised or unsupervised pixel classification and, finally, for the interpretation of image segments based on segment properties and relations.

Davis, L. S.

1982-01-01

431

Effective Strategies for Cooperative Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes ideas gathered from classroom experiences and from colleagues encountered in cooperative learning workshops and presents them as answers to questions from workshop participants who have been exposed to the basic principles and methods of cooperative learning. Information for college instructors covers forming teams, dealing with…

Felder, Richard M.; Brent, Rebecca

2001-01-01

432

Cooperative Learning Using Chemical Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of cooperative learning focuses on how it can be used with course assignments that require students to use the chemical literature, based on experiences with undergraduate chemistry students at Earlham College (Indiana). Suggests factors to consider when developing cooperative learning exercises, including group dynamics and an emphasis…

Penhale, Sara J.

1997-01-01

433

Cooperative Learning in Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning is being recommended as a solution for numerous education problems, from enhancing disadvantaged children's self-esteem to ensuring academic success for all students. Cooperative learning has great potential as a supplement or alternative to traditional teaching methods when students are adequately socialized and motivated.…

Hadderman, Margaret

1992-01-01

434

Database Supported Cooperative Problem Solving  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are a number of problems in office environments, medical diagnosis, and planningthat require cooperation among agents (either active or passive) for their solutions.Briefly, cooperative problem solving can be viewed as a complex activity requiringharmonious and dynamic interaction between active agents (typically humans -- providingsequencing, decision making, and coordination components) and passive agents(typically computing systems -- providing inferencing, algorithmic...

A. Tanaka; K. Karlapalem; S. B. Navathe; S. Chakravarthy

1992-01-01

435

Does Facial Resemblance Enhance Cooperation?  

PubMed Central

Facial self-resemblance has been proposed to serve as a kinship cue that facilitates cooperation between kin. In the present study, facial resemblance was manipulated by morphing stimulus faces with the participants' own faces or control faces (resulting in self-resemblant or other-resemblant composite faces). A norming study showed that the perceived degree of kinship was higher for the participants and the self-resemblant composite faces than for actual first-degree relatives. Effects of facial self-resemblance on trust and cooperation were tested in a paradigm that has proven to be sensitive to facial trustworthiness, facial likability, and facial expression. First, participants played a cooperation game in which the composite faces were shown. Then, likability ratings were assessed. In a source memory test, participants were required to identify old and new faces, and were asked to remember whether the faces belonged to cooperators or cheaters in the cooperation game. Old-new recognition was enhanced for self-resemblant faces in comparison to other-resemblant faces. However, facial self-resemblance had no effects on the degree of cooperation in the cooperation game, on the emotional evaluation of the faces as reflected in the likability judgments, and on the expectation that a face belonged to a cooperator rather than to a cheater. Therefore, the present results are clearly inconsistent with the assumption of an evolved kin recognition module built into the human face recognition system.

Giang, Trang; Bell, Raoul; Buchner, Axel

2012-01-01

436

Laura Candler's Cooperative Learning Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage contains links to information on how to promote cooperative learning in the classroom, much of it based on the work of Dr. Spencer Kagan. Laura provides suggestions on creating a caring classroom and teaching social skills. She offers strategies, sample structures, and printables that support the management of cooperative learning.

2011-01-01

437

Generation Z, Meet Cooperative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's Generation Z teens need to develop teamwork and social learning skills to be successful in the 21st century workplace. Teachers can help students develop these skills and enhance academic achievement by implementing cooperative learning strategies. Three key principles for successful cooperative learning are discussed. (Contains 1 figure.)

Igel, Charles; Urquhart, Vicki

2012-01-01

438

International Cooperation through Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Bilateral Education Agreement between the Community Colleges for International Development, Inc. (a cooperative of nine United States community colleges) and the Republic of Surinam. Considers Surinam's system of vocational education and the cooperative's technical and teacher training activities, base of financial support, problems,…

Breuder, Robert L.; Adama, Roy G.

1981-01-01

439

Precise Measurement for Manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A metrology instrument known as PhaseCam supports a wide range of applications, from testing large optics to controlling factory production processes. This dynamic interferometer system enables precise measurement of three-dimensional surfaces in the manufacturing industry, delivering speed and high-resolution accuracy in even the most challenging environments.Compact and reliable, PhaseCam enables users to make interferometric measurements right on the factory floor. The system can be configured for many different applications, including mirror phasing, vacuum/cryogenic testing, motion/modal analysis, and flow visualization.

2003-01-01

440

Careers in Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning activity from The Mechatronics Education CenterâÂÂs Project SHINE widens studentsâ understanding of the manufacturing industry, including learning about specific jobs in industry. Through researching a specific business (the example used is in the health care industry), students will begin to more deeply understand products and services offered by the company, a general profile of the company, skills required for various jobs and more. The activity is designed as a 14-21 day unit, intended for use as a long-term class project.

Jacobi, Linda

2010-12-23

441

Evaporation in space manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

'Normal evaporation' equations for predicting the compositional changes with time and temperature have been developed and correlated with actual experimental data. An evaporative congruent temperature is defined and used to explain, predict, or plan space experiments on anomalous constitutional melting (on cooling) or solidification (on heating). Uneven evaporation causes reactive jetting forces capable of initiating new convection currents, nongravitational accelerations, surface vibrations, or other disturbances. Applications of evaporation to space manufacturing are described concerning evaporative purification, surface cooling, specimen selection, particles splitting, freezing data interpretation, material loss and dimensional control, and surface contamination or compositional changes.

Li, C. H.

1974-01-01

442

Effect of electrode arrangements on bladder volume estimation by electrical impedance tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The estimation of bladder volume by electrical impedance tomography is a promising technology to provide continuous volume estimates to patients who suffer from impaired bladder volume sensory. To find an optimized electrode arrangement for electrical impedance tomography of the human bladder, seven different electrode arrangements have been analysed using a finite element model. The arrangements under consideration can be assigned to three general groups: ring arrangements, linear arrangements and matrix arrangements. For each arrangement in these three groups, the condition of the Jacobian matrix and the global impedance for several bladder volumes has been calculated and compared using the EIDORS toolkit.

Schlebusch, Thomas; Leonhardt, Steffen

2013-04-01

443

Technology transfer and other public policy implications of multi-national arrangements for the production of commercial airframes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study to examine the question of technology transfer through international arrangements for production of commercial transport aircraft is presented. The likelihood of such transfer under various representative conditions was determined and an understanding of the economic motivations for, effects of, joint venture arrangements was developed. Relevant public policy implications were also assessed. Multinational consortia with U.S. participation were focused upon because they generate the full range of pertinent public issues (including especially technology transfer), and also because of recognized trends toward such arrangements. An extensive search and analysis of existing literature to identify the key issues, and in-person interviews with executives of U.S. and European commercial airframe producers was reviewed. Distinctions were drawn among product-embodied, process, and management technologies in terms of their relative possibilities of transfer and the significance of such transfer. Also included are observations on related issues such as the implications of U.S. antitrust policy with respect to the formation of consortia and the competitive viability of the U.S. aircraft manufacturing industry.

Gellman, A. J.; Price, J. P.

1978-01-01

444

75 FR 10319 - Cooper Tools-Sumter, Cooper Tools Divisions, a Subsidiary of Cooper Industries, Inc., Including...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-71,602] Cooper Tools--Sumter, Cooper Tools Divisions, a Subsidiary of Cooper Industries, Inc., Including On-Site Leased Workers From Thompson Industrial,...

2010-03-05

445

OPINION: Safe exponential manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1959, Richard Feynman pointed out that nanometre-scale machines could be built and operated, and that the precision inherent in molecular construction would make it easy to build multiple identical copies. This raised the possibility of exponential manufacturing, in which production systems could rapidly and cheaply increase their productive capacity, which in turn suggested the possibility of destructive runaway self-replication. Early proposals for artificial nanomachinery focused on small self-replicating machines, discussing their potential productivity and their potential destructiveness if abused. In the light of controversy regarding scenarios based on runaway replication (so-called 'grey goo'), a review of current thinking regarding nanotechnology-based manufacturing is in order. Nanotechnology-based fabrication can be thoroughly non-biological and inherently safe: such systems need have no ability to move about, use natural resources, or undergo incremental mutation. Moreover, self-replication is unnecessary: the development and use of highly productive systems of nanomachinery (nanofactories) need not involve the construction of autonomous self-replicating nanomachines. Accordingly, the construction of anything resembling a dangerous self-replicating nanomachine can and should be prohibited. Although advanced nanotechnologies could (with great difficulty and little incentive) be used to build such devices, other concerns present greater problems. Since weapon systems will be both easier to build and more likely to draw investment, the potential for dangerous systems is best considered in the context of military competition and arms control.

Phoenix, Chris; Drexler, Eric

2004-08-01

446

Evolution of cooperation: cooperation defeats defection in the cornfield model.  

PubMed

"Cooperation" defines any behavior that enhances the fitness of a group (e.g. a community or species), but which, by its nature, can be exploited by selfish individuals, meaning, firstly, that selfish individuals derive an advantage from exploitation which is greater than the average advantage that accrues to unselfish individuals. Secondly, exploitation has no intrinsic fitness value except in the presence of the "cooperative behavior". The mathematics is described by the simple Prisoner's Dilemma Game (PDG). It has previously been shown that koinophilia (the avoidance of sexual mates displaying unusual or atypical phenotypic features, such as mutations) stabilizes any inherited strategy in the simple or iterated PDG, meaning that it cannot be displaced by rare forms of alternative behavior which arise through mutation or occasional migration. In the present model equal numbers of cooperators and defectors (in the simple PDG) were randomly spread in a two-dimensional "cornfield" with uniformly distributed resources. Every individual was koinophilic, and interacted (sexually and in the PDG tournaments) only with individuals from within its immediate neighborhood. This model therefore tested whether cooperation can outcompete defection or selfishness in a straight, initially equally matched, evolutionary battle. The results show that in the absence of koinophilia cooperation was rapidly driven to extinction. With koinophilia there was a very rapid loss of cooperators in the first few generations, but thereafter cooperation slowly spread, ultimately eliminating defection completely. This result was critically dependent on sampling effects of neighborhoods. Small samples (resulting from low population densities or small neighborhood sizes) increase the probability that a chance neighborhood comes to consist predominantly of cooperators. A sexual preference for the most common phenotype in the neighborhood then makes that phenotype more common still. Once this occurs cooperation's spread becomes almost inevitable. PMID:12941597

Koeslag, Johan H; Terblanche, Elmarie

2003-10-01

447

HUMAN MACHINE COOPERATIVE TELEROBOTICS  

SciTech Connect

The remediation and deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) of nuclear waste storage tanks using telerobotics is one of the most challenging tasks faced in environmental cleanup. Since a number of tanks have reached the end of their design life and some of them have leaks, the unstructured, uncertain and radioactive environment makes the work inefficient and expensive. However, the execution time of teleoperation consumes ten to hundred times that of direct contact with an associated loss in quality. Thus, a considerable effort has been expended to improve the quality and efficiency of telerobotics by incorporating into teleoperation and robotic control functions such as planning, trajectory generation, vision, and 3-D modeling. One example is the Robot Task Space Analyzer (RTSA), which has been developed at the Robotics and Electromechanical Systems Laboratory (REMSL) at the University of Tennessee in support of the D&D robotic work at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This system builds 3-D models of the area of interest in task space through automatic image processing and/or human interactive manual modeling. The RTSA generates a task plan file, which describes the execution of a task including manipulator and tooling motions. The high level controller of the manipulator interprets the task plan file and executes the task automatically. Thus, if the environment is not highly unstructured, a tooling task, which interacts with environment, will be executed in the autonomous mode. Therefore, the RTSA not only increases the system efficiency, but also improves the system reliability because the operator will act as backstop for safe operation after the 3-D models and task plan files are generated. However, unstructured conditions of environment and tasks necessitate that the telerobot operates in the teleoperation mode for successful execution of task. The inefficiency in the teleoperation mode led to the research described as Human Machine Cooperative Telerobotics (HMCTR). The HMCTR combines the telerobot with robotic control techniques to improve the system efficiency and reliability in teleoperation mode. In this topical report, the control strategy, configuration and experimental results of Human Machines Cooperative Telerobotics (HMCTR), which modifies and limits the commands of human operator to follow the predefined constraints in the teleoperation mode, is described. The current implementation is a laboratory-scale system that will be incorporated into an engineering-scale system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the future.

William R. Hamel; Spivey Douglass; Sewoong Kim; Pamela Murray; Yang Shou; Sriram Sridharan; Ge Zhang; Scott Thayer; Rajiv V. Dubey

2003-06-30

448

Cooperation and control: the Tobacco Institute of Australia  

PubMed Central

Objective: To describe the history of the Tobacco Institute of Australia (TIA), particularly regarding connections between local and international cigarette manufacturers and tobacco organisations. Design: Analysis of 4541 industry documents from the world wide web. Results: From 1978 to 1983 the TIA built strong international networks via ICOSI/INFOTAB and the US Tobacco Institute, and defended existing industry freedoms. 1983 to 1989 was the TIA's aggressive heyday, led primarily by John Dollisson. From 1989 to 1994, following the decision in Australian Federation of Consumer Organisations vs TIA, local and international industry lawyers assumed control. Between 1994 and 1997 a brief revival led into decline and then dissolution, as previously common ground became commercially competitive issues for the manufacturers. The TIA facilitated interconnectedness: between local manufacturers; via individuals who played multiple roles; to international tobacco organisations; through the industry's local and international counsel; and by acting as a conduit for information. Conclusion: The local tobacco industry was comprehensively informed on issues including smoking and health, and connected to the international industry, via the TIA. The manufacturers were closely involved in the TIA's activities, and cooperated through the TIA in a manner detrimental to Australian consumers. The TIA's conduct was the responsibility of local and international manufacturers and their counsel.

Carter, S

2003-01-01

449

Cooperative Agreement General Conditions CA-1 (7/02)  

NSF Publications Database

... cooperative agreement. Where the terms grant and grantee are used, the terms cooperative agreement ... to this cooperative agreement may request changes or additions to the cooperative agreement. Any ...

450

(CA-1) Cooperative Agreement General Conditions (2/98)  

NSF Publications Database

... cooperative agreement. Where the terms grant and grantee are used, the terms cooperative agreement ... to this cooperative agreement may request changes or additions to the cooperative agreement. Any ...

451

(CA-1) Cooperative Agreement General Conditions (11-99)  

NSF Publications Database

... cooperative agreement. Where the terms grant and grantee are used, the terms cooperative agreement ... to this cooperative agreement may request changes or additions to the cooperative agreement. Any ...

452

Practical Education Support to Foster Engineers at Manufacturing and Engineering Design Center in Muroran Institute of Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To foster engineers with creative power, Muroran Institute of Technology established Manufacturing and Engineering Design Center (MEDeC) that concentrates on Monozukuri. MEDeC consists of three project groups : i) Education Support Group provides educational support for practical training classes on and off campus and PDCA (plan-do-check-action) -conscious engineering design education related to Monozukuri ; ii) Fundamental Manufacturing Research Group carries out nurture research into fundamental and innovative technology of machining and manufacturing, and iii) Regional Cooperation Group coordinates the activities in cooperation with bureau, schools and industries in and around Muroran City. MEDeC has a fully integrated collection of machine tools and hand tools for manufacturing, an atelier, a tatara workplace, implements for measurement and related equipment designed for practically teaching state-of-the-practice manufacturing methods.

Kazama, Toshiharu; Hanajima, Naohiko; Shimizu, Kazumichi; Satoh, Kohki

453

Integrating post-manufacturing issues into design and manufacturing decisions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An investigation is conducted on research into some of the fundamental issues underlying the design for manufacturing, service and recycling that affect engineering decisions early in the conceptual design phase of mechanical systems. The investigation focuses on a system-based approach to material selection, manufacturing methods and assembly processes related to overall product requirements, performance and life-cycle costs. Particular emphasis is placed on concurrent engineering decision support for post-manufacturing issues such as serviceability, recyclability, and product retirement.

Eubanks, Charles F.

1996-01-01

454

Implications of wafer design for manufacturing practices on photomask manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Focus on Design for Manufacturing (DFM) in semiconductor device design has increased as semiconductor manufacturing technology has become more complex. Many of the techniques developed to improve wafer yield and manufacturability can also be applied to the photomask manufacturing process. For example, for the last several technology nodes, semiconductor manufacturers have known that pattern density and uniformity can have significant impact on wafer processes such as etching and chemical mechanical polishing. Photomask manufacturing can also be impacted by pattern density and its uniformity. Some of these DFM practices can be beneficial if applied directly to photomask manufacturing while some of them can make photomask manufacturing significantly more difficult. Optical proximity correction (OPC), which involves convoluting the design shape to account for optical, physical and chemical processes, is increasingly required to support advanced lithography; some of the operational parameters of the OPC, such as the fragmentation run length, challenge mask resolution capability, image fidelity, defect inspection, mask repair, and dimensional metrology of photomasks. Sub-resolution assist features (SRAFs), which are utilized to create robust wafer lithography are often the most challenging mask features to create. The size and placement of SRAFs on photomasks are factors that impact photomask manufacturability in terms of image resolution, inspection, and dispositioning criteria. As OPC and other DFM processes become more widely deployed in an effort to make robust wafer manufacturing processes, the photomask maker needs to be involved to evaluate the implications to photomask manufacturing and assist in optimizing these DFM procedures to maximally benefit both the photomask and semiconductor manufacturing processes.

Watts, Andrew; Rankin, Jed; Magg, Christopher

2005-11-01

455

76 FR 34692 - Inside Passage Electric Cooperative  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Project No. 14066-000] Inside Passage Electric Cooperative...supplemented on May 18, 2011, the Inside Passage Electric Cooperative...Bibb, Operations Manager, Inside Passage Electric Cooperative...instructions on the Commission's Web site...

2011-06-14

456

43 CFR 10010.12 - Cooperating agencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Initiating the NEPA Process § 10010.12 Cooperating agencies...cooperating agencies for Commission sponsored NEPA procedures and in seeking designation...may be a cooperating agency in Commission NEPA proceedings by agreement. The...

2013-10-01

457

The photovoltaic manufacturing technology project: A government/industry partnership  

SciTech Connect

The Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) project is a government/industry photovoltaic manufacturing research and development (R D) project composed of partnerships between the federal government (through the US Department of Energy) and members of the US photovoltaic (PV) industry. It is designed to assist the US PV industry in improving manufacturing processes, accelerating manufacturing cost reductions for PV modules, increasing commercial product performance, and generally laying the groundwork for a substantial scale-up of US-based PV manufacturing plant capabilities. The project is being carried out in three separate phases, each focused on a specific approach to solving the problems identified by the industrial participants. These participants are selected through competitive procurements. Furthermore, the PVMaT project has been specifically structured to ensure that these PV manufacturing R D subcontract awards are selected with no intention of either directing funding toward specific PV technologies (e.g., amorphous silicon, polycrystalline thin films, etc.), or spreading the awards among a number of technologies (e.g., one subcontract in each area). Each associated subcontract under any phase of this project is, and will continue to be, selected for funding on its own technical and cost merits. Phase 1, the problem identification phase, was completed early in 1991. Phase 2 is now under way. This is the solution phase of the project and addresses problems of specific manufacturers. The envisioned subcontracts under Phase 2 may be up to three years in duration and will be highly cost-shared between the US government and US industrial participants. Phase 3, is also under way. General issues related to PV module development will be studied through various teaming arrangements. 25 refs.

Mitchell, R.L.; Witt, C.E.; Mooney, G.D.

1991-12-01

458

Social learning in cooperative dilemmas.  

PubMed

Helping is a cornerstone of social organization and commonplace in human societies. A major challenge for the evolutionary sciences is to explain how cooperation is maintained in large populations with high levels of migration, conditions under which cooperators can be exploited by selfish individuals. Cultural group selection models posit that such large-scale cooperation evolves via selection acting on populations among which behavioural variation is maintained by the cultural transmission of cooperative norms. These models assume that individuals acquire cooperative strategies via social learning. This assumption remains empirically untested. Here, I test this by investigating whether individuals employ conformist or payoff-biased learning in public goods games conducted in 14 villages of a forager-horticulturist society, the Pahari Korwa of India. Individuals did not show a clear tendency to conform or to be payoff-biased and are highly variable in their use of social learning. This variation is partly explained by both individual and village characteristics. The tendency to conform decreases and to be payoff-biased increases as the value of the modal contribution increases. These findings suggest that the use of social learning in cooperative dilemmas is contingent on individuals' circumstances and environments, and question the existence of stably transmitted cultural norms of cooperation. PMID:24870041

Lamba, Shakti

2014-07-22

459

H? control of bullwhip effects in closed-loop supply chain networks with two chains cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

With two chains cooperation, Hinfin control methods of bullwhip effects in closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) networks are studied. In each chain, the products which hold by the consumer part are considered as the virtual inventory and the remanufacturing part is defined as a rate to the virtual inventory. The inventory state difference equations of the manufacturers, retailers and consumers are

Haifeng Guo; Yunlong Zhu; Chunguang Chang; Xiaoming Zhou

2008-01-01

460

Class at the Plant: A Program of University/Industry Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Industrial education courses at a manufacturer's specially built education and training facility are taught by Northwestern State University professors in Shreveport, Louisiana, with adjunct professors from local industries. This cooperative program provides individual courses and degree programs to plant employees, employees of other companies,…

Dennis, William H.

1978-01-01

461

A Qualitative Study of Information Technology Students' Learning Outcomes during a Cooperative Education Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe the learning outcomes of the cooperative-education experience from an Information Technology student's perspective at a large Fortune 500 manufacturing/sales company located in the Midwest United States. Open-ended interview questions were developed based on the four-component model…

Krejci, Katherine T.

2010-01-01

462

Robot Assistants at Manual Workplaces: Effective Co-operation and Safety Aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

A safe and flexible co-operation between robot and operator may be a promising way to achieve better productivity at the manual workplace. Thus, robot assistants can be thought to be clever helpers in manufacturing environments for fetch and carry jobs, assembly, handling, machining, measuring etc. Key components and methods supporting these next generation robot systems are currently under intense investigation

Martin Hägele; Walter Schaaf; Evert Helms

2002-01-01

463

A cooperative design framework based on multi-agent for aircraft structural parts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the characteristics of large dimensions, complex structure and high machining accuracy in aircraft structural parts, iterations frequently happen in the parts design process, which increase the R&D time and costs substantially. In response to the situation, a cooperative design framework based on multi-agent for aircraft is proposed in this paper. Agent of detailed design, feature recognition, manufacturability analysis

Hai Li; Yingguang Li; Wei Wang; Changqing Liu

2010-01-01

464

Experimental evaluation of a cooperative algorithm for autonomous distributed vehicles systems considered with finite buffer capacity  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are so many researches on Autonomous Distributed Manufacturing Systems (ADMSs), where cooperation among agents is used to solve problems, such as scheduling problem and routing problem. We target ADMSs where an ADMS consists of two sub-systems: a Production System (PS) and an Autonomous Transportation System (ATS). This paper discusses an on-line Tasks Assignment and Routing Problem (TARP) for ATSs

Toshiyuki Miyamoto; Norihiro Tsujimoto; Sadatoshi Kumagai

2005-01-01

465

The Cooperation Method of Product Quality Control Based on Holonic Structure for Extended Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Along with the intensification of global competition and the complexity of manufacturing products, the cooperation among enterprises becomes more closely, and the range of quality control extends from internal to the external enterprises. To the demand of product quality control among enterprises, based on holon theory, the product quality control holonic structure for extended enterprises is constructed by the similarity

Linghong Lai

2009-01-01

466

Spontaneous Structural Reform in Australian Local Government: the case of the Gilgandra Cooperative Model in New South Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dire financial constraints and the threats of forced structural reform have had the unforeseen effect of forcing municipal councils across Australia to reconsider their operational activities and organisational arrangements. With considerable ingenuity, numerous municipalities have proposed and sometimes adopted new structural formations that embody various forms of co-operative service provision. This remarkable development has unfortunately been largely ignored in the

Brian Dollery; Warrick Moppett; Lin Crase

2006-01-01

467

The sustainability treaty between the Netherlands and Costa Rica: a new perspective on environmental and development cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we analyse a new type of bilateral cooperation aimed at promoting sustainable development. The keystone of this new structure is the sustainability treaty that the Netherlands has arranged with Costa Rica (the statement of intent dates from 1992). This treaty was conceived to assist both countries in their efforts to promote sustainable development through specific measures. The

Pieter Glasbergen; Miriam Miranda

2003-01-01

468

Microfiche/Telex Oriented Document Services Center Established in Sylvania Library Through Cooperative Test Program with Defense Documentation Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a cooperative program with Defense Documentation Center Headquarters, Sylvania arranged for procurement of 70,000 unclassified-unlimited documents without DDC Form I cards and 30,000 unclassified-limited and classified documents with Form I's. This was done in order to overcome effects of an in-house documents inventory/selective destruction…

Little, Dean K.

469

Offshoring and Small U.S. Manufacturers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Small manufacturers are critical to the health and dynamism of U.S. manufacturing. In 2003, manufacturers with fewer than 500 employees accounted for 99 percent of all manufacturing firms and for 43 percent of all manufacturing jobs. Small manufacturers p...

2008-01-01

470

Manufacture of Probiotic Bacteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been used for many years as natural biopreservatives in fermented foods. A small group of LAB are also believed to have beneficial health effects on the host, so called probiotic bacteria. Probiotics have emerged from the niche industry from Asia into European and American markets. Functional foods are one of the fastest growing markets today, with estimated growth to 20 billion dollars worldwide by 2010 (GIA, 2008). The increasing demand for probiotics and the new food markets where probiotics are introduced, challenges the industry to produce high quantities of probiotic cultures in a viable and stable form. Dried concentrated probiotic cultures are the most convenient form for incorporation into functional foods, given the ease of storage, handling and transport, especially for shelf-stable functional products. This chapter will discuss various aspects of the challenges associated with the manufacturing of probiotic cultures.

Muller, J. A.; Ross, R. P.; Fitzgerald, G. F.; Stanton, C.

471

Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing (ECM)  

SciTech Connect

The Kansas City Plant (KCP) is operated for the Department of Energy (DOE) as the Kansas City Division of Allied-Signal Inc. The KCP produces and procures non-nuclear electrical, electronic, electromechanical, plastic, and metal components for nuclear weapons. Environmental goals at the KCP are to clean up, maintain, and operate the governmental facilities in the most environmentally advantageous manner consistent with regulations. New environmental technologies that are developed by the design laboratories and the KCP are incorporated into the DOE manufacturing facilities, and information is shared with the outside industry through meetings, publications, and seminars. This booklet presents current projects on solvent waste streams, polymer waste streams, plating waste streams, and miscellaneous waste stream minimization projects. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-09-01

472

Technique for microswitch manufacture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A five-step technique for microswitch manufacture is described: (1) A clad board is inlaid with a precious metal and the board is pressed. (2) One end of the fixed contact containing a precious metal inlay section is curved, and this edge of the precious metal inlay section becomes a fixed contact. (3) Inserts are formed in the unit body and terminal strips are placed through the top and bottom of the base and held. (4) The unit body is held by the base and the sequential contact strips are cut off. (5) Movable stripes are attached to the support of the terminal strips on the movable side and movable contacts are placed opposite the fixed contacts.

Kitamura, T.; Kiyoyama, S.

1983-01-01

473

Dual capacity compressor with reversible motor and controls arrangement therefor  

DOEpatents

A hermetic reciprocating compressor such as may be used in heat pump applications is provided for dual capacity operation by providing the crankpin of the crankshaft with an eccentric ring rotatably mounted thereon, and with the end of the connecting rod opposite the piston encompassing the outer circumference of the eccentric ring, with means limiting the rotation of the eccentric ring upon the crankpin between one end point and an opposite angularly displaced end point to provide different values of eccentricity depending upon which end point the eccentric ring is rotated to upon the crankpin, and a reversible motor in the hermetic shell of the compressor for rotating the crankshaft, the motor operating in one direction effecting the angular displacement of the eccentric ring relative to the crankpin to the one end point, and in the opposite direction effecting the angular displacement of the eccentric ring relative to the crankpin to the opposite end point, this arrangement automatically giving different stroke lengths depending upon the direction of motor rotation. The mechanical structure of the arrangement may take various forms including at least one in which any impact of reversal is reduced by utilizing lubricant passages and chambers at the interface area of the crankpin and eccentric ring to provide a dashpot effect. In the main intended application of the arrangement according to the invention, that is, in a refrigerating or air conditioning system, it is desirable to insure a delay during reversal of the direction of compressor operation. A control arrangement is provided in which the control system controls the direction of motor operation in accordance with temperature conditions, the system including control means for effecting operation in a low capacity direction or alternatively in a high capacity direction in response to one set, and another set, respectively, of temperature conditions and with timer means delaying a restart of the compressor motor for at least a predetermined time in response to a condition of the control means operative to initiate a change in the operating direction of the compressor when it restarts.

Sisk, Francis J. (Washington Township, Fayette County, PA)

1980-12-02

474

Funding Formulas and Arrangements under IEA Implementing Agreements  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has researched how participating countries divide funding obligations under International Energy Agency (IEA) Implementing Agreements (IAs). This is part of a broader assessment evaluating the buildings-area IAs. This particular part of the analysis looked at 12 IAs funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. By selecting a range of agreements, we hoped to understand the types of arrangements and the range of funding formulas. PNNL asked the U.S. Executive Committee (ExCo) members how the total contribution for their IA and its Annexes were determined, and how the total was then divided between participating countries.

Delgado, Alison; Evans, Meredydd

2008-12-30

475

Zoned electrical heater arranged in spaced relationship from particulate filter  

DOEpatents

A system comprises a particulate matter (PM) filter that comprises an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas and a downstream end. A zoned heater is arranged spaced from the upstream end and comprises N zones, where N is an integer greater than one, wherein each of the N zones comprises M sub-zones, where M is an integer greater than one. A control module selectively activates at least a selected one of the N zones to initiate regeneration in downstream portions of the PM filter from the one of the N zones and deactivates non-selected ones of the N zones.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI

2011-11-15

476

Manufacturing Simulation For Industrial Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Manufacturing simulation is a major component of the technology program at this university, and has provided opportunities for numerous industrial projects. This software application is being used extensively by many major corporations to model, analyze, and optimize complex manufacturing operations, including Boeing, Lockheed-Martin, Daimler-Chrysler and Toyota.Companies are utilizing these advanced 3D digital manufacturing tools as a component of their product life-cycle management to optimize and continuously improve the manufacturing processes. In many cases simulations are mandatory prior to implementation of any significant new operation, project or process. Manufacturing technologists and engineers need to be familiar with these modern tools and their applications, and to understand when and how to effectively utilize them. At our university these applications are being taught under the title of virtual simulation (VS). This paper explains how VS has been integrated into our curriculum, and has been used to establish effective partnerships with major manufacturing companies

Nutter, Paul

2009-07-28

477

Advanced Aerospace Manufacturing Education Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Aerospace manufacturing industry segment is facing problems of a "graying" workforce. In addition they face the challenges of increasing productivity and integrating new materials accentuating the need to attract new engineers to the manufacturing workplace. This paper describes a project funded by the National Science Foundation to examine the changing needs of the aerospace manufacturing industries, and to develop curricula materials to address those needs. These materials will be in the public domain and fit into existing engineering and manufacturing technology programs. The project is a joint venture between El Camino College, Wichita Area Technical College, Oregon Institute of Technology and Purdue University, and is supported by the Society of Manufacturing Engineers, The Boeing Company, Northrop Grumman Corp., Bell Helicopter, Lockheed Martin Corp., and other leading aerospace companies. The first phase of this project involved conducting interviews with new manufacturing engineers and their mangers, and results of these interviews are included.

Anderson, John

2009-07-13

478

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy based on data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey. The sample used in this report represented about 250,000 of the largest manufacturing establishments which account for approximately 98 percent of U.S. economic output from manufacturing, and an expected similar proportion of manufacturing energy use. The amount of energy use was collected for all operations of each establishment surveyed. Highlights of the report include profiles for the four major energy-consuming industries (petroleum refining, chemical, paper, and primary metal industries), and an analysis of the effects of changes in the natural gas and electricity markets on the manufacturing sector. Seven appendices are included to provide detailed background information. 10 figs., 51 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01

479

Cooperative communications with partial channel state information: When to cooperate?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose a new cooperative protocol, which takes into consideration the partial channel state information (CSI) available at the source. With such protocol a significant improvement in the transmission rate can be achieved in decode-and-forward cooperative transmission, while guaranteeing full diversity order. We derive closed-form expressions for the transmission rate and the symbol error rate (SER) for

Ahmed S. Ibrahim; Ahmed K. Sadek; Weifeng Su; K. J. Ray Liu

2005-01-01

480

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the US economy. These estimates are based on data from the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This survey--administered by the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA)--is the most comprehensive source of national-level data on energy-related information for the manufacturing industries.

Not Available

1994-12-01

481

Cooperative problem solving in a cooperatively breeding primate (Saguinus oedipus)  

PubMed Central

We investigated cooperative problem solving in unrelated pairs of the cooperatively breeding cottontop tamarin, Saguinus oedipus, to assess the cognitive basis of cooperative behaviour in this species and to compare abilities with other apes and monkeys. A transparent apparatus was used that required extension of two handles at opposite ends of the apparatus for access to rewards. Resistance was applied to both handles so that two tamarins had to act simultaneously in order to receive rewards. In contrast to several previous studies of cooperation, both tamarins received rewards as a result of simultaneous pulling. The results from two experiments indicated that the cottontop tamarins (1) had a much higher success rate and efficiency of pulling than many of the other species previously studied, (2) adjusted pulling behaviour to the presence or absence of a partner, and (3) spontaneously developed sustained pulling techniques to solve the task. These findings suggest that cottontop tamarins understand the role of the partner in this cooperative task, a cognitive ability widely ascribed only to great apes. The cooperative social system of tamarins, the intuitive design of the apparatus, and the provision of rewards to both participants may explain the performance of the tamarins.

CRONIN, KATHERINE A.; KURIAN, AIMEE V.; SNOWDON, CHARLES T.

2006-01-01

482

The New Product Development Process in Small and Medium Sized Manufacturing Firms: A New Zealand Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is it blind luck that New Zealand manufacturing Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) survive and release new and innovative products, or is it achieved through a well utilised New Product Development Process (NPDP)? Research shows that completeness and quality of execution of the NPDP contributes to the success of new products, and firms (Booz-Allen and Hamilton, 1982; Cooper and

Christina Mossaidis; Sarena Longley

483

Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Technology Transfer and Training Initiative (ECMT3I) Technology Transfer Model Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Technology Transfer and Training Initiative (ECMT3I) is a cooperative effort among education and research institutions in New Mexico to analyze problems in transferring environmental technologies from Department of Energy laboratories to small and medium enterprises (SME's). The goal of the ECMT3I is to…

Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM.

484

Network simulation models of lean manufacturing systems in digital factories and an intranet server balancing algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Networking needs sound methods, new management style and practices that are based on cooperation, respect and trust. This is fundamental because networking means sharing and exchanging quality information at all levels of the digital enterprise. In order to achieve the maximum benefits of lean manufacturing systems operating in digital factories, one of the most important eTransition rules to follow is

Paul Ranky

2003-01-01

485

Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universal Aggregates LLC (UA) was awarded a cost sharing Co-operative Agreement from the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Power Plant Improvement Initiative Program (PPII) to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia in October 2001. The Agreement was signed in November 2002. The installation and start-up expenses for

Milton Wu; Paul Yuran

2006-01-01

486

Wireless technology for integrated manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the ground breaking work in Oak Ridge facilities that now leads us to the brink of the wireless revolution in manufacturing. The focus is on solving tough technological problems necessary for success and addressing the critical issues of throughput, security, reliability, and robustness in applying wireless technology to manufacturing processes. Innovative solutions to these problems are highlighted through detailed designs and testbed implementations that demonstrate key concepts. The DOE-Oak Ridge complex represented by the Oak Ridge Centers for Manufacturing Technologies (ORCMT) continues to develop these technologies and will continue to focus on solving tough manufacturing problems.

Manges, W.W.; Allgood, G.O.; Shourbaji, A.A.

1996-08-01

487

Hazard Assessments of Manufactured Nanomaterials.  

PubMed

Background: It has been difficult to make reliable hazard assessments of manufactured nanomaterials, because the nanomaterials form large agglomerations in both in vitro and in vivo studies. Objective: A project by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) of Japan has succeeded in ensuring the stability of dispersion (nanoscale <100 nm) of manufactured nanomaterials, and is developing hazard assessments of manufactured nanomaterials. Results and Conclusion: Focusing on titanium dioxide, fullerenes and carbon nanotubes, we introduce findings made in inhalation and intratracheal installation studies overseas, and together with the findings made in the NEDO project, and also assess the hazards presented by manufactured nanoparticles. PMID:20543525

Morimoto, Yasuo; Kobayashi, Norihiro; Shinohara, Naohido; Myojo, Toshihiko; Tanaka, Isamu; Nakanishi, Junko

2010-06-10

488

Cooperative robotic sentry vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a project for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Sandia National Laboratories' Intelligent Systems and Robotics Center is developing and testing the feasibility of a cooperative team of robotic sentry vehicles to guard a perimeter and to perform a surround task. This paper describes on-going activities in the development of these robotic sentry vehicles. To date, we have developed a robotic perimeter detection system which consists of eight 'Roving All Terrain Lunar Explorer Rovers' (RATLER), a laptop-based base-station, and several Miniature Intrusion Detection Sensors (MIDS). A radio frequency receiver on each of the RATLER vehicles alerts the sentry vehicles of alarms from the hidden MIDS. When an alarm is received, each vehicle decides whether it should investigate the alarm based on the proximity of itself and the other vehicles to the alarm. As one vehicle attends an alarm, the other vehicles adjust their position around the perimeter to better prepare for another alarm. For the surround task, both potential field and A* search path planners have been added to the base-station and vehicles. At the base-station, the operator specifies goal and exclusion regions on a GIS map. The path planner generates vehicles paths that are previewed by the operator. Once the operator has validated the path, the appropriate information is downloaded t the vehicles. For the potential field path planner, the polygons and line segments that represent the obstacles and goals are downloaded to the vehicles, instead of the simulated paths. On board the vehicles, the same potential field path planner generates the path except that it uses the true location of itself and the nearest neighboring vehicle. For the A* path planner, the actual path is downloaded to the vehicles because of limited on-board computational power.

Feddema, John T.; Lewis, Christopher L.; Klarer, Paul; Eisler, G. R.; Caprihan, Rahul

1999-08-01

489

Curriculum Analysis of Industrial Technology, Engineering Technology and Engineering Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper provides an in-depth analysis to develop (or refine) manufacturing curriculum of an Industrial Technology, Engineering Technology and Manufacturing Engineering Programs when they exist in single educational environment. A single educational environment can be defined as a department(s), school(s), or colleges(s). Such an arrangement provides an opportunity where the engineering and technology curriculum blend to offer the students a wide range of experience and knowledge. In addition, it provides the local communities and industry with integrated workforce that has a high diversity of engineering and technology skills. This paper is intended to discuss guidelines, strategies to enable efficient design, development, and implementation of these programs. It also addresses the common curriculum mistakes that may decrease the efficiency of these programs.

Gadalla, Mohamed

2009-07-21

490

Manufacturing of 1-3 piezocomposite SonoPanel transducers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A manufacturing capability has been established for 1-3 PZT-polymer composite materials and transducers. Uniform arrays of identical PZT rods are formed by a cost-effective ceramic injection molding process. Sintered and poled 1-3 ceramic preforms, containing 361 PZT rods 1.1 mm diameter on a 50 mm square base plate, are arranged to produce 15 or 30 PZT volume percent composite materials with a hard or soft polymeric matrix. More than 2000 identical PZT preforms were produced and more than thirty 250 mm square SonoPanel transducers have been manufactured. The transducers have been found to be well suited for a variety of underwater acoustic applications. Fifteen SonoPanels have been incorporated into a 3 X 5 array as part of a Navy system demonstration.

Gentilman, Richard; Fiore, Daniel; Pham, Hong; Serwatka, William; Bowen, Leslie

1995-05-01

491

Review of Canadian mobile satellite systems institutional arrangements policy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development of institutional arrangements policy for maritime, land, and aeronautical mobile satellite systems (MSS) is an integral part of the Canadian telecommunications policy process. An ongoing activity in that process is fitting of MSS institutional arrangements policy within the confines of the 1987 Canadian Telecom Policy Framework. Making sure the fit is correct is a major task at present because technology seems to be driving service demand at rapid growth rates, particularly in the case of land MSS. This growth is stimulating policy and regulatory development efforts to keep pace. In Canada, this is happening in four planned MSS applications areas: Canada-US transborder (immediate), aeronautical MSS (1990/94), Telesat Mobile Inc. EMDS via INMARSAT (1990), and MSAT (1993/94). The need for an up-to-date MSS policy in these areas is emphasized by related developments in the US and elsewhere. It arises because of the growing number of market initiatives proposing North American rather than Canada-only or US-only coverage, such as INMARSAT, Geostar, OmniTRACS, and Starlink.

Gilvary, David

1990-01-01

492

Power transmission arrangement for a hydrostatically driven vehicle  

SciTech Connect

A power transmission arrangement is described for a hydrostatically driven vehicle having a vehicle body and a pair of endless tracks each mounted on each side of the vehicle body. The arrangement consists of: a prime mover mounted at the rear of the vehicle; a power transmission shaft connected to the prime mover; power distributor means mounted on a front section of the vehicle body, the power distributor means having a power input connectible to the power transmission shaft and at least two power outputs; a pair of pump and motor units each unit being mounted on either side of the vehicle body relative to the power transmission shaft, intermediate the prime mover and the power distributor means, and forming a hydrostatic transmission, each unit having a power input connectible to the power output of the power distributor means and a power output; and a pair of final drive means for driving the endless tracks, each of the final drive means being connectible to a power output of the pump and motor unit.

Tokunga, N.

1986-03-25

493

Television camera arrangements for infrared and other wave forms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The systems described in this presentation relate to new forms of television camera assemblies in which arrays of sensors may be preselected to detect' scenes emitting or reflecting infrared rays or visible light or other wave forms including ultrasonic waves. In the first of the basic forms of arrangements, each element of an array of sensors or transducers is connected to a corresponding element of a second array comprising photosensors. The second array of photosensors is scanned by light originating from a light scanner or cathode ray tube to connect elements of the array of sensors or transducers to output terminals in sequence. A second form of arrangement involves the application of 'sequential electro-optical systems' comprising 'feedback photoconverters' for scanning by connecting elements of arrays of sensors or transducersto output terminals in sequence. The assemblies described form parts of the author/presenter's inventive projects as previously described and featured in specifications including U K Patent Specification Number 1 477 730 and in summaries of "G 0 Okikiolu - Bulletin of Inventions and Summary

Okikiolu, George O.

1990-10-01

494

Polymer translocation in a double-force arrangement.  

PubMed

Using Langevin dynamics simulations, we investigate the translocation dynamics of an externally driven polymer chain through a nanopore, where a pulling force F is exerted on the first monomer whilst there is an opposing force F(E) < F within the pore. Such a double-force arrangement has been proposed recently to allow better dynamical control of the translocation process in order to sequence biopolymers. We find that in the double-force arrangement translocation becomes slower as compared to the case under a single monomer pulling force of magnitude F-F(E), but scaling of the translocation time as a function of the chain length tau approximately N2 does not change. The waiting time tau(m) for monomer m to exit the pore is found to be a monotonically increasing function of the bead number almost until m approximately N , which indicates relatively well-defined slowing down and control of the chain velocity during translocation. We also study the waiting time distributions for the beads in the chain, and characterize in detail fluctuations in the bead positions and their transverse position coordinates during translocation. These data should be useful in estimating position-dependent sequencing errors in double-force experiments. PMID:19326157

Ollila, S T T; Luo, K F; Ala-Nissila, T; Ying, S-C

2009-04-01

495

Exploring Manufacturing Occupations. Student's Manual. The Manufacturing Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student manual and the accompanying instructor's guide (CE 010 376) are directed toward exploring manufacturing occupations. It is designed to help the student explore the various career, occupational, and job related fields found within the manufacturing occupations. Four sections are included. An overview of career education and…

Fairleigh Dickinson Univ., Rutherford, NJ.

496

Manufacturing strategy and the concept of world class manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of world class manufacturing is examined in terms of the definitions which have been developed in recent survey based research. A fundamental flaw in such approaches is that they model a fixed notion of manufacturing competitiveness. The paper presents results from case based research which addresses these issues, and shows how, even in relatively compatible environments, forcing different

Alan Harrison

1998-01-01

497

Industrial Arts 7-9. Manufacturing: Metalwork, Plastics, Woodwork, Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides materials for the industrial arts (grades 7-9) subject cluster of manufacturing. This subject cluster has four areas of study: metalwork, plastics, woodwork, and manufacturing. Introductory materials include an overview of the industrial arts curriculum in its entirety, a listing of program objectives for each of the…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg. Div. of Vocational Education.

498

Manufacturing Math Classes: An Instructional Program Guide for Manufacturing Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program guide documents a manufacturing job family curriculum that develops competence in generic work force education skills through three courses: Reading Rulers, Charts, and Gauges and Math for Manufacturing Workers I and II. An annotated table of contents lists a brief description of the questions answered in each section. An introduction…

McBride, Pamela G.; And Others

499

Irreversible Cooperative Processes on Lattices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Kinetic models for irreversible cooperative processes on lattices are developed. Hierarchial rate equations for the probabilities of configurations of empty sites are discussed in detail and the concept of shielding is introduced. Several, exactly soluble...

D. R. Burgess

1982-01-01

500

The Paradoxes of Library Cooperation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Besides the main article by Richard Dougherty, this mini-symposium on library cooperation contains commentaries by Ralph Blasingame, Thomas J. Galvin, Ellsworth Mason, John F. Anderson and Robert S. Ake. (18 references) (NH)

Dougherty, Richard M.; And Others

1972-01-01