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1

FOOD MANUFACTURING COOPERATIVES' OVERSEAS BUSINESS PORTFOLIOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Firms selling products overseas may do so in a wide variety of ways, such a s through trading companies, foreign distributors, brokers, direct sales, license arrangements, and foreign direct investment. Many firms employ a portfolio of arrangements for each of their products. Using a share equation model, we examine the factors influencing food processing cooperatives' foreign business arrangements. Particularly important

Steven T. Buccola; Catherine A. Durham; Munisamy Gopinath; Erin Henderson

2001-01-01

2

US retailers' cooperation with manufacturer promotional support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Promotional support, as a push strategy, that manufacturers use to encourage retailers to carry their products needs retailers' cooperation. This study investigates the effects of retailers' fashion and price orientations on manufacturers' offerings of and retailers' cooperation with promotional support. Twenty-one promotional support items applicable to the apparel retailing were studied. Questionnaires completed by 137 US apparel retail buyers via

Haesun Park

2004-01-01

3

Consensus in franchise organizations: A cooperative arrangement among entrepreneurs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entrepreneurs enter into cooperative arrangements such as franchise systems (Baucus, Baucus and Human 1993; Norton 1988), network partnerships (Larson 1991, 1992), and constellations of firms (Shepherd 1991) to gain a competitive advantage over rivals (Baird, Lyles and Orris 1992; Larson 1992). They expect to reduce production and inventory costs, speed product development, expand markets, or secure technology, while enjoying congenial

Sherrie E. Human; Melissa S. Baucus

1996-01-01

4

42 CFR 441.306 - Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. 441.306...Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. Whenever...health care needs under the Maternal and Child Health program (Title V...

2010-10-01

5

42 CFR 441.306 - Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. 441.306...Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. Whenever...health care needs under the Maternal and Child Health program (Title V...

2013-10-01

6

42 CFR 441.306 - Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. 441.306...Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. Whenever...health care needs under the Maternal and Child Health program (Title V...

2011-10-01

7

42 CFR 441.306 - Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. 441.306...Cooperative arrangements with the Maternal and Child Health program. Whenever...health care needs under the Maternal and Child Health program (Title V...

2012-10-01

8

26 CFR 1.1382-5 - Taxable income of cooperatives; products marketed under pooling arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Cooperatives and Their Patrons § 1.1382-5 Taxable income of cooperatives; products marketed under pooling arrangements. For purposes...

2010-04-01

9

Mirror, mirror on the wall--evaluating Fair Market Value for manufacturer-physician consulting arrangements.  

PubMed

Pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturers contract with thousands of physicians each year, and struggle to comply with the Fair Market Value requirements of the Anti-Kickback Statute's "personal services" safe harbor. Consultant arrangements between physicians and manufactures have come under increasing scrutiny by regulators. In 2007, the five leading Hip & Knee manufacturers entered into settlement agreements related to their contract practices with physician consultants. Government sources do not provide guidance for calculating Fair Market Value; however, this article recommends four principles to use when evaluating Fair Market Value methodologies. PMID:24475537

Eaton, Fred; Reid, Jaimee

2010-01-01

10

Disentangling the Effects of Curricular Revision and Social Grouping within Cooperative Learning Arrangements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of social grouping versus curricular revision components of cooperative learning involved 2 eighth-grade students with moderate/severe disabilities and 22 peers. Both conditions occasioned high levels of active engagement by students with and without disabilities. The study concluded that benefits from such curricular revision are not…

Cushing, Lisa Sharon; Kennedy, Craig H.; Shukla, Smita; Davis, Jo; Meyer, Kim A.

1997-01-01

11

Cooperative binding of the outer arm-docking complex underlies the regular arrangement of outer arm dynein in the axoneme.  

PubMed

Outer arm dynein (OAD) in cilia and flagella is bound to the outer doublet microtubules every 24 nm. Periodic binding of OADs at specific sites is important for efficient cilia/flagella beating; however, the molecular mechanism that specifies OAD arrangement remains elusive. Studies using the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii have shown that the OAD-docking complex (ODA-DC), a heterotrimeric complex present at the OAD base, functions as the OAD docking site on the doublet. We find that the ODA-DC has an ellipsoidal shape ?24 nm in length. In mutant axonemes that lack OAD but retain the ODA-DC, ODA-DC molecules are aligned in an end-to-end manner along the outer doublets. When flagella of a mutant lacking ODA-DCs are supplied with ODA-DCs upon gamete fusion, ODA-DC molecules first bind to the mutant axonemes in the proximal region, and the occupied region gradually extends toward the tip, followed by binding of OADs. This and other results indicate that a cooperative association of the ODA-DC underlies its function as the OAD-docking site and is the determinant of the 24-nm periodicity. PMID:24979786

Owa, Mikito; Furuta, Akane; Usukura, Jiro; Arisaka, Fumio; King, Stephen M; Witman, George B; Kamiya, Ritsu; Wakabayashi, Ken-ichi

2014-07-01

12

75 FR 14128 - Approval for Manufacturing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 7, CooperVision Caribbean Corporation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Board [Order No. 1669] Approval for Manufacturing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 7, CooperVision Caribbean Corporation (Contact Lenses), Juana Diaz, Puerto Rico Pursuant to its authority under the Foreign-Trade Zones Act of June 18, 1934, as...

2010-03-24

13

Current status and trends in performance-based risk-sharing arrangements between healthcare payers and medical product manufacturers.  

PubMed

Our objective was to identify and characterize publicly available cases and related trends for performance-based risk-sharing arrangements (PBRSAs). We performed a review of PBRSAs over the past 20 years (1993-2013) using available databases and reports from colleagues and healthcare experts. These were categorized according to a previously published taxonomy of scheme types and assessed in terms of the underlying product and market attributes for each scheme. Macro-level trends were identified related to the timing of scheme adoption, countries involved, types of arrangements, and product and market factors. Our search yielded 148 arrangements. From this set, 65 arrangements included a coverage with an evidence development component, 20 included a conditional treatment continuation component, 54 included a performance-linked reimbursement component, and 42 included a financial utilization component. Each type of scheme addresses fundamental uncertainties that exist when products enter the market. The pace of adoption appears to be slowing, but new countries continue to implement PBRSAs. Over this 20-year period, there has been a consistent movement toward arrangements that minimize administrative burden. In conclusion, the pace of PBRSA adoption appears to be slowing but still has traction in many health systems. These remain a viable coverage and reimbursement mechanism for a wide range of medical products. The long-term viability and growth of these arrangements will rest in the ability of the parties to develop mutually beneficial arrangements that entail minimal administrative burden in their development and implementation. PMID:24664994

Carlson, Josh J; Gries, Katharine S; Yeung, Kai; Sullivan, Sean D; Garrison, Louis P

2014-06-01

14

Developing the Teaching Material Using ATV Cooperated with Student on Manufacturing Practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, a number of students have entered the college of technology with no experience of dismantling and assembling of even an easy machine (including toys) . It is necessary to study the correct usage of tools for lower grade students as a base of the technical education for dismantling and assembling of the machine. However, enough understanding has not been obtained though the usage of the tool is trained for first grade students. So, we executed the development on the teaching text and material of student practice curriculum, which is attractive subject of all-terrain vehicle [ATV]?s dismantling and assembling for lower grade students. This practice make the student learn both how to use the tools and the steer mechanism of car through the dismantling and assembling of ATV. The text book and sub-teaching materials of this practice curriculum were created in cooperation with fifth grade students as graduation research. As a result, an effective teaching and learning text and sub-teaching materials in manufacturing practice could be developed from student?s point of view.

Tsukamoto, Kimihide; Yamamoto, Keiichiro; Ueno, Takayuki; Imazato, Tatsunari; Sakamoto, Hidetoshi

15

Manufacturing  

E-print Network

During the last decade, the development in metallic material additive manufacturing (formerly also known as Rapid Manufacturing, RM or Rapid Tooling, RT) has brought this technology from niche applications and short run tooling to be a competitive method capable of producing complex geometries in industrial grade materials, such as for example injection moulding tool inserts with integrated conformal cooling system. However, while the geometric complexity has little, or no, affection the price or production time in additive manufacturing, this is neither a cheap or particularly “rapid ” manufacturing technology. CNC milling is by comparison cheaper and more rapid for basic geometries, but the production time and cost of manufacturing increases with geometric complexity and the amount of material removed. On the other hand, there are strong limitations on the geometric complexity that is possible to produce by CNC milling. This paper presents an approach to exploit the combined benefits of each, additive and subtractive, manufacturing technology and integrate these into a hybrid manufacturing solution. This will be demonstrated by the development of a hybrid manufacturing cell which is a combination of a powder bed additive manufacturing metal system and a 5 axis milling machine with the primary objective of producing injection moulding tooling inserts,

Klas Boivie; Sintef Raufoss; Slavko Dolinsek; David Homar

16

Vertical Marketing as a Model of Cooperation Between Car Manufacturers and Car Trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last element of the marketing mix is the distribution and marketing channels in the automotive industry, which determine how cars will arrive at customers and end users through sales and distribution activities. Car manufacturers, regardless of how their product was excellent, must provide this value to its customers carefully selecting partners in the channel, because if its agents have

Zeljko Sudaric

2011-01-01

17

Development of a High Volume Capable Process to Manufacture High Performance Photovoltaic Cells: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-322  

SciTech Connect

The intent of the work is for RFMD and NREL to cooperate in the development of a commercially viable and high volume capable process to manufacture high performance photovoltaic cells, based on inverted metamorphic (IMM) GaAs technology. The successful execution of the agreement will result in the production of a PV cell using technology that is capable of conversion efficiency at par with the market at the time of release (reference 2009: 37-38%), using RFMD's production facilities. The CRADA work has been divided into three phases: (1) a foundation phase where the teams will demonstrate the manufacturing of a basic PV cell at RFMD's production facilities; (2) a technology demonstration phase where the teams will demonstrate the manufacturing of prototype PV cells using IMM technology at RFMD's production facilities, and; (3) a production readiness phase where the teams will demonstrate the capability to manufacture PV cells using IMM technology with high yields, high reliability, high reproducibility and low cost.

Geisz, J. F.

2012-11-01

18

New Paradigms in International University/Industry/Government Cooperation. Canada-China Collaboration in Advanced Manufacturing Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Chinese university and a Canadian university collaborated on an advanced manufacturing technologies project designed to address human resource development needs in China. The project featured university/industry/government partnership and attention to environmental issues. (SK)

Bulgak, Akif Asil; Liquan, He

1996-01-01

19

MANUFACTURING Manufacturing and Biomanufacturing  

E-print Network

process improvements to manufacturing. In addition, the critical national need area of Manufacturing hasMANUFACTURING Manufacturing and Biomanufacturing: Materials Advances and Critical Processes NATIONAL NEED The proposed topics within "Manufacturing and Biomanufacturing: Materials Advances

Magee, Joseph W.

20

Arranged matches and mental illness: therapists' dilemmas.  

PubMed

Traditional societies place especial value on marriage and having children, and marriages are often arranged. A series of situations and dilemmas associated with arranged matches and their consequences are described in the course of mental health work with ultra-orthodox Jewish people with severe mental illness. Issues of confidentiality may arise with parents and matchmakers; on the other hand, respectful cooperation with religious authorities, counselors in the community, and family members is important. Information on genetic counseling, contraception, medication during pregnancy, and breastfeeding are considered and interact with communal structures and practices. There is a need for close support and evaluation during the process of marriage, childbearing, and parenthood. PMID:23244012

Greenberg, David; Buchbinder, Jacob Tuvia; Witztum, Eliezer

2012-01-01

21

27 CFR 6.52 - Cooperative advertising.  

...2014-04-01 false Cooperative advertising. 6.52 Section 6.52 Alcohol...Unlawful Inducements Paying for Advertising, Display Or Distribution Service § 6.52 Cooperative advertising. An arrangement in which...

2014-04-01

22

27 CFR 6.52 - Cooperative advertising.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Cooperative advertising. 6.52 Section 6.52 Alcohol...Unlawful Inducements Paying for Advertising, Display Or Distribution Service § 6.52 Cooperative advertising. An arrangement in which...

2010-04-01

23

27 CFR 6.52 - Cooperative advertising.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Cooperative advertising. 6.52 Section 6.52 Alcohol...Unlawful Inducements Paying for Advertising, Display Or Distribution Service § 6.52 Cooperative advertising. An arrangement in which...

2011-04-01

24

27 CFR 6.52 - Cooperative advertising.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Cooperative advertising. 6.52 Section 6.52 Alcohol...Unlawful Inducements Paying for Advertising, Display Or Distribution Service § 6.52 Cooperative advertising. An arrangement in which...

2013-04-01

25

27 CFR 6.52 - Cooperative advertising.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Cooperative advertising. 6.52 Section 6.52 Alcohol...Unlawful Inducements Paying for Advertising, Display Or Distribution Service § 6.52 Cooperative advertising. An arrangement in which...

2012-04-01

26

29 CFR 779.228 - Types of arrangements contemplated by exception.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779...arrangement, whether by agreement, franchise or otherwise, that it will sell...exclusive right to sell the goods or use the brand name of a manufacturer,...

2010-07-01

27

[Employees without pension arrangements].  

PubMed

Old age pensions in modern western industrial countries rest on three pillars: public, collective and individual-private arrangements. The flat-rate public system and the collective systems, domain of industrial relations, prevail in Holland. Since the early seventies the public old age pension (AOW) has been raised to the net minimum wage level. In the meantime the importance of the collective systems has been increasing. The pension levels of these systems are, however, not prescribed by law. In order to measure the present state of the collective systems the Dutch Chamber of Pensions has started a research project to investigate how many workers lack such an arrangement and why they lack it. The results of the project have recently been reported: in 1985 18% (650,000) of the workers (25-65 years) lacked an arrangement. The vast majority of them (87%) was found in the sector of services, especially the commercial services. A second research project has been started to find out the quality of the existing pension arrangements. The results of the two projects together are meant to answer the question whether or not some sort of collective pensions must be enforced by law. The improvement of collective pension schemes, however, should not lead automatically to decreasing public schemes. For most people the public pension system is the most important source of income. PMID:2705202

Scholtz, H A

1989-02-01

28

Control rod cluster arrangement  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a nuclear reactor including nuclear core which is cooled and moderated by light water, the nuclear core comprising a plurality of parallel arranged openings therethrough and interspersed among the fuel assemblies. A control rod cluster arrangement comprises load follow control rod cluster assemblies with each load follow control rod cluster assembly being adapted to slidingly fit within each of some of the fuel assemblies in the parallel arranged openings, the load follow control rod cluster assemblies each comprising a plurality of elongated parallel arranged rods attached to a single spider, and including a first group of rods and a second group of rods, the first group of rods and the second each consisting of a plurality of absorber rods. The first group of rods consist of absorber rods taken from the group consisting of B/sub 4/C, hafnium, or silver-indium-cadmium and the second group of rods consist of absorber rods each consisting of stainless steel, the first group of rods and the second group of rods each being integrally attached at all times to the single spider, the absorber rods of the second group of rods being dispersed throughout the control rod cluster assembly. The first group of rods have a first neutron capture cross section and the second group of rods have a second neutron capture cross section different from the first cross section.

Orr, W.L.; Doshi, P.K.; Mildrum, C.M.; Freeman, T.R.

1987-02-10

29

Impact nailing arrangement  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

An impact nailing arrangement having a nail with integral pointed target-penetration and securing forward section, rear hammer section, and medial compression shear section, the forward section having a threaded object-securing surface rearwardly of its pointed forward target-securing end. The nail is propelled into a target in the preferred embodiment by any one of several illustrated latent energy means, and the forward section is secured by initial point penetration and subsequent compression shear of the medial shear section to enable the hammer section to impart a secondary securing impact to the forward section. Various alternative propulsion arrangements including electrical actuation of a powder charge, spring actuation, and valved pressurized gas, are disclosed.

1979-06-26

30

Alternative Work Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years there has been increased employer use of alternative forms of employment contracts to supplement more traditional\\u000a employment arrangements. Using data from Swedish health-care workers (N=711; 86% women), this study compares full-time and\\u000a part-time permanent employees with contingent workers and sets out to answer the following questions: Do workers on non-traditional\\u000a work schedules experience more or less (1)

Magnus Sverke; Daniel G. Gallagher; Johnny Hellgren

31

Green Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

Green Manufacturing Initiative (GMI): The initiative provides a conduit between the university and industry to facilitate cooperative research programs of mutual interest to support green (sustainable) goals and efforts. In addition to the operational savings that greener practices can bring, emerging market demands and governmental regulations are making the move to sustainable manufacturing a necessity for success. The funding supports collaborative activities among universities such as the University of Michigan, Michigan State University and Purdue University and among 40 companies to enhance economic and workforce development and provide the potential of technology transfer. WMU participants in the GMI activities included 20 faculty, over 25 students and many staff from across the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences; the College of Arts and Sciences' departments of Chemistry, Physics, Biology and Geology; the College of Business; the Environmental Research Institute; and the Environmental Studies Program. Many outside organizations also contribute to the GMI's success, including Southwest Michigan First; The Right Place of Grand Rapids, MI; Michigan Department of Environmental Quality; the Michigan Department of Energy, Labor and Economic Growth; and the Michigan Manufacturers Technical Center.

Patten, John

2013-12-31

32

Determining Cropland Share Rental Arrangements  

E-print Network

Determining Cropland Share Rental Arrangements Kevin C. Dhuyvetter, Terry L. Kastens and Joe L. Outlaw * Many crop producers rely heavily on rented land in their farming operations. The rental arrangements between landowners and producers can...Determining Cropland Share Rental Arrangements Kevin C. Dhuyvetter, Terry L. Kastens and Joe L. Outlaw * Many crop producers rely heavily on rented land in their farming operations. The rental arrangements between landowners and producers can...

Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Kastens, Terry L.; Outlaw, Joe

1999-06-23

33

MANUFACTURING Manufacturing and Biomanufacturing  

E-print Network

is cost-shared cooperative agreements awarded on the basis of merit competitions. AN AREA OF CRITICAL with the small- and medium-sized businesses, institutions of higher learning, and others, providing cost

Magee, Joseph W.

34

Cartels and Patent License Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the difficulty of determining whether industrywide patent license arrangements camouflage cartel agreements has long been appreciated, there has been little systematic investigation either of ways to distinguish legitimate from illegitimate arrangements or of the prevalence of such practices in fact. This paper considers how to determine whether a given patent license arrangement restrains trade or promotes it. New methods

George L. Priest

1977-01-01

35

Riding a Tiger, or Computer Supported Cooperative Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of supporting cooperative work by means of computer systems rai- ses, inter alia, the problem of how to model cooperative work and incorporate such mod- els in computer systems as an infrastructure of the work organization. Cooperative work arrangements should be conceived of as emerging formations that change dynamically and involves distributed decision making. Thus, modelling cooperative work

Kjeld Schmidt

1991-01-01

36

Outsourcing Direct Materials Procurement in an Outsourced Manufacturing Arrangement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the current business environment, outsourcing is a common tool firms use to lower costs, attain access to technology, and to focus on core competencies. Procurement outsourcing is beginning to increase for nonstrategic or indirect purchases. However, o...

B. L. Brewer

2005-01-01

37

The Aesthetics of Behavioral Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With their origins in scientific validation, behavior-analytic applications have understandably been developed with an engineering rather than a crafting orientation. Nevertheless, traditions of craftsmanship can be instructive for devising aesthetically pleasing arrangements--arrangements that people will try, and having tried, will choose to…

Hineline, Philip N.

2005-01-01

38

Arranged marriage, consanguinity and epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arranged marriage is where parents choose marital partners for their children. It is a norm in many parts of Asia and Middle East. A marriage is said to be consanguineous where the marriages are solemnized among persons with close biological relations. There is considerable overlap in arranged and consanguineous marriages with many cultures adopting both practices. Recent studies showed that

MM Mehndiratta; B Paul; P Mehndiratta Mehndiratta

39

Trading Arrangements and Industrial Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

June 1997A new approach to analyzing the role of trade in promoting industrial development.How do different trading arrangements influence the industrialization process of developing countries? Can preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) be superior to multilateral liberalization, or at least an alternative when multilateral liberalization proceeds slowly? If so, what form should the PTAs take? Are developing countries better advised to seek

Anthony Venables; Diego Puga

1999-01-01

40

7 CFR 1.76 - Department cooperation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...is concurrent with normal and usual conduct of the operations of the Department. The Department will check and work with the cooperators to arrange shooting schedules in order to avoid interferences with working...

2010-01-01

41

15 CFR 784.5 - Subsidiary arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...general subsidiary arrangement with the IAEA that governs complementary access activities...location-specific subsidiary arrangement with the IAEA. The purpose of such an arrangement...location-specific subsidiary arrangement with the IAEA and may observe the negotiations...

2010-01-01

42

ASEAN and Asia?Pacific economic cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of the Asia?Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum has introduced a new element in the global trading environment. APEC includes several regional arrangements: the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA), the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Australia?New Zealand Closer Economic Relations (CER) schemes. Initially a preferential trading arrangement that had very limited practical coverage, ASEAN has forged

Julius Caesar Parreñas

1998-01-01

43

Why Manufacturing?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page from the Florida Advanced Technological Education Center for Manufacturing (FLATE) will help students and educators looking at domestic manufacturing. The page highlights products manufactured in the state of Florida including food, beverages, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, metals, plastics, electronic devices and more. A video on the variety of items manufactured in the state of Florida is available in both English and Spanish.

2011-09-19

44

Determining Cropland Cash Rental Arrangements  

E-print Network

Determining Cropland Cash Rental Arrangements Kevin C. Dhuyvetter, Terry L. Kastens and Joe L. Outlaw* Many crop producers rely heavily on rented land in their farming operations. Crop land is typically rented in one of three ways: (1) cash rent; (2...Determining Cropland Cash Rental Arrangements Kevin C. Dhuyvetter, Terry L. Kastens and Joe L. Outlaw* Many crop producers rely heavily on rented land in their farming operations. Crop land is typically rented in one of three ways: (1) cash rent; (2...

Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Kastens, Terry L.; Outlaw, Joe

1999-06-23

45

Cooperative Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site describes the pedagogy of cooperative learning. Cooperative learning involves structuring classes around small groups that work together in such a way that each group member's success is dependent on the group's success.

46

Cooperative Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cooperative Learning involves structuring classes around small groups that work together in such a way that each group member's success is dependent on the group's success. There are different kinds of groups for different situations, but they all balance some key elements that distinguish cooperative learning from competitive or individualistic learning. This website discusses how to use cooperative learning in the classroom and provides cooperative learning techniques.

Rebecca Teed, John McDaris, Cary Roseth

2010-01-01

47

Implications of Cooperative Learning and Educational Reform for Students with Mild Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning is an instructional model that draws extensively on contributions of multiple theorists, including Piaget, Vygotsky, Carroll and other researchers. Many different cooperative learning arrangements have been developed and researched. The most extensively researched and evaluated cooperative learning arrangements is by Robert…

Fore, Cecil, III; Riser, Susan; Boon, Richard

2006-01-01

48

Manufacturing Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Objective 7:05 - Students will develop an awareness of the designed World through : Describing a manufacturing system; listing and describing the basic type of manufacturing; defining production and manufacturing enterprise;defining AGV, CAD, CIM, CAM, CNC, production tooling, automation, and material processes. Day 1: Introduction/Background Objective Preassessment: Use a KWL chart to assess your students prior knowledge. This will also help you deal with any misconceptions regarding manufacturing system. Students will use the curriculum companion PowerPoint and Objective 7.05 Outline to develop an awarness of: Define manufacturing List and describe the basic types of Manufacturing Student ...

Wallace, S.

2010-07-16

49

42 CFR 413.241 - Pharmacy arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Pharmacy arrangements. 413.241 Section...Organ Procurement Costs § 413.241 Pharmacy arrangements. Effective January 1...that enters into an arrangement with a pharmacy to furnish renal dialysis service...

2011-10-01

50

42 CFR 413.241 - Pharmacy arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Pharmacy arrangements. 413.241 Section...Organ Procurement Costs § 413.241 Pharmacy arrangements. Effective January 1...that enters into an arrangement with a pharmacy to furnish renal dialysis service...

2012-10-01

51

42 CFR 413.241 - Pharmacy arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Pharmacy arrangements. 413.241 Section...Organ Procurement Costs § 413.241 Pharmacy arrangements. Effective January 1...that enters into an arrangement with a pharmacy to furnish renal dialysis service...

2013-10-01

52

42 CFR 413.241 - Pharmacy arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Pharmacy arrangements. 413.241 Section...Organ Procurement Costs § 413.241 Pharmacy arrangements. Effective January 1...that enters into an arrangement with a pharmacy to furnish renal dialysis service...

2010-10-01

53

The Strange Arrangement of Dreams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strange Arrangement of Dreams is a piece of fiction, specifically a long short story. This fiction locates itself in the legend of Marie Taglioni, an Italian ballet dancer who was said to keep a plastic ice-cube in her jewel box as a reminder of the time in 1835 when she was forced to dance in the snow for a

Mary O’Donoghue

2010-01-01

54

RANDOM WALK AND HYPERPLANE ARRANGEMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

LetC be the set of chambers of a real hyperplane arrangement. We study a random walk on C introduced by Bidigare, Hanlon, and Rockmore. This includes various shu†ing schemes used in computer science, biology, and card games. It also includes random walks on zonotopes and zonotopal tilings. We flnd the stationary distributions of these Markov chains, give good bounds on

Kenneth S. Brown; Persi Diaconis

1998-01-01

55

The Cooperative Hunters --Efficient Cooperative Search For Smart Targets Using UAV Swarms  

E-print Network

The Cooperative Hunters -- Efficient Cooperative Search For Smart Targets Using UAV Swarms Yaniv problem, where a swarm of UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles) is used for searching after one or more "smart. By arranging themselves into an efficient flight configura- tion, the UAVs optimizes their integrated sensing

56

Motor vehicle engine mounting arrangement  

SciTech Connect

A mounting arrangement is described for mounting an engine on a chassis of a motor vehicle comprising two rigid outer parts connected respectively to the engine and chassis, and two parts of elastomeric material connected respectively to the rigid outer parts. A core of rigid material is disposed between the elastomeric parts having a moment of inertia so as to vibrate at substantially the frequency of the engine but in a direction substantially counter to the engine vibration. The core is shaped relative to the rigid outer parts so that in one of the directions of vibration thereof the core moves in a direction out from between the rigid outer parts to effect a decrease in the distance thereof from the rigid outer parts thereby effecting an increase in the spring rate of the mounting arrangement.

Beer, W.

1987-02-10

57

Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement  

DOEpatents

An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of .sqroot.3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor, with consequent reduced vibrations and improved efficiency.

Slavik, Charles J. (Rexford, NY); Rhudy, Ralph G. (Scotia, NY); Bushman, Ralph E. (Lathem, NY)

1997-01-01

58

Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement  

DOEpatents

An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of {radical}3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor, with consequent reduced vibrations and improved efficiency. 4 figs.

Slavik, C.J.; Rhudy, R.G.; Bushman, R.E.

1997-11-11

59

Household Arrangements of Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter examines the living arrangements of young adults in Latin America in the mid-1970s. Young adulthood is a time\\u000a of life when many end an educational career, begin full-time employment, and start a family of their own. Most young adults\\u000a marry, whether formally or not, and become parents (even in societies with high rates of never-married individuals). Some\\u000a engage

Susan M. Vos

60

Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement  

SciTech Connect

The present invention relates generally to an electric motor winding and, more particularly, to a three phase motor armature winding arrangement designed to reduce motor vibration and improve efficiency. An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of {radical}3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor.

Slavik, C.J.; Rhudy, R.G.; Bushman, R.E.

1995-12-31

61

Cable manufacture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A survey is presented of flat electrical cable manufacturing, with particular reference to patented processes. The economics of manufacture based on an analysis of material and operating costs is considered for the various methods. Attention is given to the competitive advantages of the several processes and their resulting products. The historical area of flat cable manufacture is presented to give a frame of reference for the survey.

Gamble, P.

1972-01-01

62

Manufacturing Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource, created by Technology and Innovation in Manufacturing Education (TIME Center), examines the many career paths in manufacturing. These include design and development, production and quality assurance, inventory and distribution, health, safety, and environment, as well as installation, maintenance, and repair. Links to websites with relevant information are included such as "Stanford University - How Everyday Things Are Made by the Alliance for Innovative Manufacturing" and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

2011-10-10

63

Manufacturing Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Manufacturing Engineering is a monthly publication of the Society of Manufacturing Engineers. It is targeted primarily at manufacturing professionals, but it can also be of use to anyone with an interest in the field. This Web site posts between six and ten in-depth articles from each issue of the magazine. Examples of some topics that have been addressed in past issues include turbomachining processes, computer-aided design and manufacturing, and robotic assembly. The online archive maintains all previous monthly postings back to January 2000.

64

Cooperative Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet explains the benefits that college students can gain by participating in a cooperative education program. The following topics are covered in the individual sections of the guide: the positive effects that work experience gained in a cooperative education program can have on a student's college studies and career development, the ways…

National Commission for Cooperative Education, Boston, MA.

65

Library Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes nine articles that discuss cooperative library networking in Illinois. Highlights include library systems as cooperative agencies; PALI (Private Academic Libraries of Illinois); rural school and public library development; systemwide users; regional medical libraries; virtual libraries and the Coalition for Networked Information; a…

Lund, Patricia; And Others

1993-01-01

66

Cooperative Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guidebook is designed to assist school administrators and teacher-coordinators in planning for cooperative occupational education programs. In addition, ideas and concepts are presented to assist other school personnel and laymen with the operational detail of vocational programs in cooperative occupational education. Major section titles…

North Dakota State Board for Vocational Education, Bismarck.

67

Cooperative Binding  

PubMed Central

Molecular binding is an interaction between molecules that results in a stable association between those molecules. Cooperative binding occurs if the number of binding sites of a macromolecule that are occupied by a specific type of ligand is a nonlinear function of this ligand's concentration. This can be due, for instance, to an affinity for the ligand that depends on the amount of ligand bound. Cooperativity can be positive (supralinear) or negative (infralinear). Cooperative binding is most often observed in proteins, but nucleic acids can also exhibit cooperative binding, for instance of transcription factors. Cooperative binding has been shown to be the mechanism underlying a large range of biochemical and physiological processes. PMID:23843752

Stefan, Melanie I.; Le Novere, Nicolas

2013-01-01

68

Marketing Operations of Dairy Cooperatives, 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A total of 49,675 member-producers of the Nation's 155 dairy cooperatives marketed 152.5 billion pounds of milk, or 82.6 percent of all milk marketed, in 2007. Forty-five cooperatives operated 176 dairy processing and manufacturing plants, 12 handled milk...

2009-01-01

69

Manufacturing technologies  

SciTech Connect

The Manufacturing Technologies Center is an integral part of Sandia National Laboratories, a multiprogram engineering and science laboratory, operated for the Department of Energy (DOE) with major facilities at Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Livermore, California. Our Center is at the core of Sandia`s Advanced Manufacturing effort which spans the entire product realization process.

NONE

1995-09-01

70

Visitation arrangements for impaired parents.  

PubMed

Forensic mental health professionals are frequently asked to evaluate the parenting skills of divorcing parents because the court seeks help in determining the custody, visitation, and parenting time arrangements for the children. When one of the parents is impaired, the court wants to know the way to help the children have a good relationship with that parent and keep the children safe. There is little empirical research to answer such questions. In this article, the authors describe their methodology for providing useful clinical information to the court to help guide their decisions regarding visitation with impaired parents. PMID:21683915

Montgomery, Stephen A; Street, David F

2011-07-01

71

Innovative design of industrial-academic cooperation in baby products  

Microsoft Academic Search

We got the chance to cooperate with a baby product manufacturer in central Taiwan for this study after paying a personal visit. Students from the Commercial Design Department of a technology university were guided to create innovative designs for products according to the manufacturer's requirements. The industrial-academic cooperation generally helped the teachers and students gained a better understanding of problems

Ruilin Lin; Jingchen Xie

2010-01-01

72

Manufacturing Planning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Manufacturing Planning is a lesson plan that introduces the knowledge and skills necessary to organize and plan a manufacturing project. Use of actual planning charts provides direct carryover to the work floor. After completing this module, students should be able to access and use a variety of resources (human, equipment, tools, plans, vendors and materials) to plan and complete projects according to process and time requirements. Note: This module is part of a modularized manufacturing technology curriculum created by the PSCME, found at www.pscme.org/educators.html.

King, John; Maplestone, Bob

2010-08-09

73

26 CFR 1.482-7T - Methods to determine taxable income in connection with a cost sharing arrangement (temporary).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...result from an arrangement between uncontrolled taxpayers, each performing functions similar to those of the various controlled participants...necessary to the actual manufacture of a state-of-the-art, hybrid fuel injection system known as DRL337. The...

2010-04-01

74

'Chrysanthemum petal' arrangements of silver nano wires.  

PubMed

Highly ordered 'Chrysanthemum petal' arrangements of silver nano wires were fabricated in a biodegradable polymer of polyvinyl alcohol using a simple one-step blending method without any template. The degree of the arrangement increased with the decreasing content of polyvinyl alcohol. The mechanism for the formation of these 'Chrysanthemum petal' arrangements was discussed specifically. These 'Chrysanthemum petal' arrangements will be helpful to increase the electrical conductivity of silver nano wires films. PMID:25397618

Cui, Hui-Wang; Jiu, Jin-Ting; Sugahara, Tohru; Nagao, Shijo; Suganuma, Katsuaki; Uchida, Hiroshi

2014-12-01

75

Semiconductor Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

6.780 Semiconductor Manufacturing, a course through MIT's OpenCourseWare, covers statistical modeling and the control of semiconductor fabrication processes and plants. Topics covered include: design of experiments, response surface modeling, and process optimization; defect and parametric yield modeling; process/device/circuit yield optimization; monitoring, diagnosis, and feedback control of equipment and processes; and analysis and scheduling of semiconductor manufacturing operations. Course materials are downloadable via a zip file.

2012-07-19

76

Importance of Grid Center Arrangement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Digital Elevation Modeling, grid size is accepted to be the most important parameter. Despite the point density and/or scale of the source data, it is freely decided by the user. Most of the time, arrangement of the grid centers are ignored, even most GIS packages omit the choice of grid center coordinate selection. In our study; importance of the arrangement of grid centers is investigated. Using the analogy between "Raster Grid DEM" and "Bitmap Image", importance of placement of grid centers in DEMs are measured. The study has been conducted on four different grid DEMs obtained from a half ellipsoid. These grid DEMs are obtained in such a way that they are half grid size apart from each other. Resulting grid DEMs are investigated through similarity measures. Image processing scientists use different measures to investigate the dis/similarity between the images and the amount of different information they carry. Grid DEMs are projected to a finer grid in order to co-center. Similarity measures are then applied to each grid DEM pairs. These similarity measures are adapted to DEM with band reduction and real number operation. One of the measures gives function graph and the others give measure matrices. Application of similarity measures to six grid DEM pairs shows interesting results. These four different grid DEMs are created with the same method for the same area, surprisingly; thirteen out of 14 measures state that, the half grid size apart grid DEMs are different from each other. The results indicated that although grid DEMs carry mutual information, they have also additional individual information. In other words, half grid size apart constructed grid DEMs have non-redundant information.; Joint Probability Distributions Function Graphs

Pasaogullari, O.; Usul, N.

2012-12-01

77

Additive Manufacturing: Implications on Research and Manufacturing  

E-print Network

Additive Manufacturing: Implications on Research and Manufacturing With recent developments, etc.), additive manufacturing (AM) has the potential to become a transformative technology in innovation-based manufacturing. Agencies such as the Department of Defense, the National Science Foundation

Crawford, T. Daniel

78

Process science development at the Center for Optics Manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Center for Optics Manufacturing (COM) has organized a volunteer Process Science Committee that will cooperate in advancing the optical manufacturing sciences. The objective is to develop technical information and processes that improve manufacturing capability, especially in grinding and polishing technology. Chaired by Donald Golini of Litton Itek Optical Systems, the committee members are volunteers from several American Precision Optics

Harvey M. Pollicove; Duncan T. Moore; Donald Golini

1992-01-01

79

Manufacturing requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In recent years, natural laminar flow (NLF) has been proven to be achievable on modern smooth airframe surfaces over a range of cruise flight conditions representative of most current business and commuter aircraft. Published waviness and boundary layer transition measurements on several modern metal and composite airframes have demonstrated the fact that achievable surface waviness is readily compatible with laminar flow requirements. Currently, the principal challenge to the manufacture of NLF-compatible surfaces is two-dimensional roughness in the form of steps and gaps at structural joints. Results of recent NASA investigations on manufacturing tolerances for NLF surfaces, including results of a flight experiment are given. Based on recent research, recommendations are given for conservative manufacturing tolerances for waviness and shaped steps.

Holmes, Bruce J.; Obara, Clifford J.; Martin, Glen L.; Domack, Christopher S.

1986-01-01

80

Linearly arranged polytypic CZTSSe nanocrystals  

PubMed Central

Even colloidal polytypic nanostructures show promising future in band-gap tuning and alignment, researches on them have been much less reported than the standard nano-heterostructures because of the difficulties involved in synthesis. Up to now, controlled synthesis of colloidal polytypic nanocrsytals has been only realized in II-VI tetrapod and octopod nanocrystals with branched configurations. Herein, we report a colloidal approach for synthesizing non-branched but linearly arranged polytypic I2-II-IV-VI4 nanocrystals, with a focus on polytypic non-stoichiometric Cu2ZnSnSxSe4?x nanocrystals. Each synthesized polytypic non-stoichiometric Cu2ZnSnSxSe4?x nanocrystal is consisted of two zinc blende-derived ends and one wurtzite-derived center part. The formation mechanism has been studied and the phase composition can be tuned through adjusting the reaction temperature, which brings a new band-gap tuning approach to Cu2ZnSnSxSe4-x nanocrystals. PMID:23233871

Fan, Feng-Jia; Wu, Liang; Gong, Ming; Chen, Shi You; Liu, Guang Yao; Yao, Hong-Bin; Liang, Hai-Wei; Wang, Yi-Xiu; Yu, Shu-Hong

2012-01-01

81

Microgravity Manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Manufacturing capability in outer space remains one of the critical milestones to surpass to allow humans to conduct long-duration manned space exploration. The high cost-to-orbit for leaving the Earth's gravitational field continues to be the limiting factor in carrying sufficient hardware to maintain extended life support in microgravity or on other planets. Additive manufacturing techniques, or 'chipless' fabrication, like RP are being considered as the most promising technologies for achieving in situ or remote processing of hardware components, as well as for the repair of existing hardware. At least three RP technologies are currently being explored for use in microgravity and extraterrestrial fabrication.

Cooper, Ken; Munafo, Paul M. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

82

Cooperative Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides details on how to create student cooperative learning groups in a high school physics class. It provides information about how to divide the students into groups, what roles should be given to the students within the groups, how to make certain that all students participate, and how to evaluate the effectiveness of the groups in promoting student learning.

Mader, Jan; Winn, Mary

2005-11-27

83

Teacher Cooperatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty years ago, when the late Albert Shanker endorsed the notion of innovative schools operating outside conventional district bureaucracies, his aim was to put teachers at the helm. Today there are nearly 80 teacher-governed charter schools around the country. Although most are legally constituted as worker cooperatives, they better resemble…

Hawkins, Beth

2009-01-01

84

Digital manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The applications for Rapid Prototyping have broadened to the point where the name no longer fits the industry. The name Digital Manufacturing is proposed for the creation of solid articles from computer data without part-specific tooling and minimal geometric restrictions. The current state of the industry is reviewed and applications are classified by material strength and process accuracy. Today designers

James F. Bredt

2000-01-01

85

Directions of East Asian Regional Financial Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The East Asian financial crisis was the impetus for many financial cooperation initiatives within the region. This paper reviews progress in a number of areas, particularly the Chiang Mai Initiative, which aims to enhance a country's access to foreign reserves in times of stress via a series of swap arrangements in the region, and the development of the Asian Bond

Chalongphob Sussangkarn; Pakorn Vichyanond

2007-01-01

86

Directions of East Asian Regional Financial Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The East Asian financial crisis was the impetus for many financial cooperation initiatives within the region. This paper reviews progress in a number of areas, particularly the Chiang Mai Initiative, which aims to enhance a country's access to foreign reserves in times of stress via a series of swap arrangements in the region, and the development of the Asian Bond

Chalongphob Sussangkarn; Pakorn Vichyanond

2006-01-01

87

Quadrilaterals and pentagons in arrangements of lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Let pk denote the number of k-sided faces in an arrangement of n=5 lines in the real projective plane. B. Grünbaum has shown that p4=1\\/2n(n-3) and has conjectured that equality can occur only for simple arrangements. We prove this conjecture here. We also show that 4p4+5p5=3n holds for every simple arrangement of n=4 lines. This latter result is a strengthening

Jean-Pierre Roudneff

1987-01-01

88

Apparel Manufacture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Marshall Space Flight Center teamed with the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) in 1989 on a program involving development of advanced simulation software. Concurrently, the State of Alabama chartered UAH to conduct a technology advancement program in support of the state's apparel manufacturers. In 1992, under contract to Marshall, UAH developed an apparel-specific software package that allows manufacturers to design and analyze modules without making an actual investment -- it functions on ordinary PC equipment. By 1995, Marshall had responded to requests for the package from more than 400 companies in 36 states; some of which reported savings up to $2 million. The National Garment Company of Missouri, for example, uses the system to design and balance a modular line before committing to expensive hardware; for setting up sewing lines; and for determining the composition of a new team.

1995-01-01

89

Manufacturing technology  

SciTech Connect

This bulletin depicts current research on manufacturing technology at Sandia laboratories. An automated, adaptive process removes grit overspray from jet engine turbine blades. Advanced electronic ceramics are chemically prepared from solution for use in high- voltage varistors. Selective laser sintering automates wax casting pattern fabrication. Numerical modeling improves performance of photoresist stripper (simulation on Cray supercomputer reveals path to uniform plasma). And mathematical models help make dream of low- cost ceramic composites come true.

Leonard, J.A.; Floyd, H.L.; Goetsch, B.; Doran, L. [eds.

1993-08-01

90

Retail Florist: Designing Basic Types of Arrangements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This retail florist unit guide is provided to help teachers teach a unit on designing basic types of flower arrangements. Topics covered are principles of design, foundation materials used, foundation securing methods, tints and flower dyes, wire and ribbon sizes, color harmony, and basic types of arrangements. Learning activities include choosing…

Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale.

91

Air guide arrangement in engine room  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes an engine cooling arrangement in an engine room of a vehicle, the arrangement including an air intake grill through which air is introduced into the engine room, a radiator located between the air intake grill and the engine permitting the air from the intake grill to pass through the radiator before reaching the engine and a motor-driven

Watanabe

1986-01-01

92

Method and apparatus for manufacturing fuel rods  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method and an apparatus for manufacturing nuclear fuel rods by introducing elongated fuel pellets into cladding tubes. The pellets are arranged in end-to-end relationship on a support and are pushed axially from the support over a well defined break point and onto a downwardly inclined guide. The guide is disposed at a sufficient angle to cause the pellets to

Sahlin

1981-01-01

93

"S" Glass Manufacturing Technology Transfer  

SciTech Connect

A glass-ceramic-to metal sealing technology patented by Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque (SNLA) was developed by MRC-Mound for use in the manufacture of weapon components. Successful implementation attracted increasingly widespread weapon use of this technology. "S-glass" manufacturing technology was transferred to commercial vendors to ensure that weapons production schedules would be met in the coming years. Such transfer also provided sources of this fledgling technology for the Department of Defense (DOD), aerospace and other commercial uses. The steps involved in the technology transfer are described, from the initial cooperative development work of Sandia and Mound scientists and technologists to the final phase of qualifying commercial vendors for component manufacture.

Buckner, Dean, A.; McCollister, Howard, L.

1988-06-01

94

A Class of Baker-Akhiezer Arrangements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study a class of arrangements of lines with multiplicities on the plane which admit the Chalykh-Veselov Baker-Akhiezer function. These arrangements are obtained by adding multiplicity one lines in an invariant way to any dihedral arrangement with invariant multiplicities. We describe all the Baker-Akhiezer arrangements when at most one line has multiplicity higher than 1. We study associated algebras of quasi-invariants which are isomorphic to the commutative algebras of quantum integrals for the generalized Calogero-Moser operators. We compute the Hilbert series of these algebras and we conclude that the algebras are Gorenstein. We also show that there are no other arrangements with Gorenstein algebras of quasi-invariants when at most one line has multiplicity bigger than 1.

Feigin, Misha; Johnston, David

2014-06-01

95

7 CFR 28.906 - Sampling arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS COTTON CLASSING, TESTING, AND STANDARDS Cotton Classification and Market News Service for Producers Sampling § 28.906 Sampling arrangements. (a) Cotton must be sampled by a gin or...

2010-01-01

96

A Process Management System for Networked Manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the development of computer, communication and network, networked manufacturing has become one of the main manufacturing paradigms in the 21st century. Under the networked manufacturing environment, there exist a large number of cooperative tasks susceptible to alterations, conflicts caused by resources and problems of cost and quality. This increases the complexity of administration. Process management is a technology used to design, enact, control, and analyze networked manufacturing processes. It supports efficient execution, effective management, conflict resolution, cost containment and quality control. In this paper we propose an integrated process management system for networked manufacturing. Requirements of process management are analyzed and architecture of the system is presented. And a process model considering process cost and quality is developed. Finally a case study is provided to explain how the system runs efficiently.

Liu, Tingting; Wang, Huifen; Liu, Linyan

97

South Carolina Cooperative  

E-print Network

South Carolina Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit Report of Activities 2009 Wildlife Management Institute South Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit G27 Lehotsky Hall technician), Samantha Collins (MS student) #12;USGS South Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research

Jodice, Patrick

98

National Cooperative Highway Research  

E-print Network

National Cooperative Highway Research Program American Association of State Highway National Cooperative Highway Research Program April 2010 #12;National Cooperative Highway Research Program or regional variable road pricing projects have been implemented 5.! Opportunity to learn from the experience

Minnesota, University of

99

Large eddy simulation and spectrum analysis of flow around two square cylinders arranged side by side  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large eddy simulation cooperated with the second order full extension ETG (Euler-Taylor-Galerkin) finite element method was\\u000a applied to simulate the flow around two square cylinders arranged side by side at a spacing ratio of 1.5. The second order\\u000a full extension ETG finite element method was developed by Wang and He. By means of Taylor expansion of terms containing time\\u000a derivative,

Wei Ying-jie; Zhu Meng-sheng; He Zhong-yi

2004-01-01

100

29 CFR 779.230 - Franchise and other arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Franchise and other arrangements. 779.230...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.230 Franchise and other arrangements....

2010-07-01

101

46 CFR 108.199 - Arrangement of sleeping spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Arrangement of sleeping spaces. 108.199 Section 108.199 Shipping...Construction and Arrangement Accommodation Spaces § 108.199 Arrangement of sleeping spaces. To the extent practicable, each...

2010-10-01

102

46 CFR 108.199 - Arrangement of sleeping spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Arrangement of sleeping spaces. 108.199 Section 108.199 Shipping...Construction and Arrangement Accommodation Spaces § 108.199 Arrangement of sleeping spaces. To the extent practicable, each...

2012-10-01

103

46 CFR 108.199 - Arrangement of sleeping spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Arrangement of sleeping spaces. 108.199 Section 108.199 Shipping...Construction and Arrangement Accommodation Spaces § 108.199 Arrangement of sleeping spaces. To the extent practicable, each...

2011-10-01

104

46 CFR 108.199 - Arrangement of sleeping spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Arrangement of sleeping spaces. 108.199 Section 108.199 Shipping...Construction and Arrangement Accommodation Spaces § 108.199 Arrangement of sleeping spaces. To the extent practicable, each...

2013-10-01

105

SPECIAL ARRANGEMENTS PROPOSAL CHECKLIST For clarification, please read the Special Arrangements Application Guide  

E-print Network

SPECIAL ARRANGEMENTS PROPOSAL CHECKLIST For clarification, please read the Special Arrangements Application Guide PHD APPLICANT INFORMATION First name Initial(s) Surname Application / Student number Email Telephone (cell) Telephone (home) DOCUMENTATION MUST INCLUDE: q Research proposal (up to four pages) q

Kavanagh, Karen L.

106

78 FR 9939 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-U.S. Photovoltaic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. Notice is hereby given that...15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. (``USPVMC'') has...

2013-02-12

107

78 FR 37572 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-U.S. Photovoltaic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. Notice is hereby given that...15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. (``USPVMC'') has...

2013-06-21

108

78 FR 58559 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-U.S. Photovoltaic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. Notice is hereby given that...15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, Inc. (``USPVMC'') has...

2013-09-24

109

It All Began with Raiffeisen: Co-operatives as Instruments of Self-Help and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rural and manufacturing co-operatives and credit co-operatives in the Federal Republic of Germany have succeeded in continuously expanding and consolidating their position within the framework of the country's market economy. As the biggest organizations of medium-size enterprises, the co-operatives have adapted to the new circumstances…

Nover, Kurt

1986-01-01

110

UAV cooperative control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the development of cooperative rendezvous and cooperative target classification agents in a hierarchical distributed control system for unmanned aerospace vehicles. For cooperative rendezvous, a Voronoi based polygonal path is generated to minimize exposure to radar. The rendezvous agent minimizes team exposure from Individual coordination functions while satisfying stringent timing constraints. For cooperative target classification, templates are developed,

Phillip R. Chandler; M. Pachter; S. Rasmussen

2001-01-01

111

Cooperative Problem Solving  

E-print Network

to assign students to groups is because 25 years of past research in cooperative group learning (includingCooperative Problem Solving Page I. How do I form cooperative groups? 7 II. What criteria do I use IV. How do I coach students during group work? 25 #12;#12;Page 7 I. How Do I Form Cooperative Groups

Minnesota, University of

112

21 CFR 26.64 - Transitional arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE...

2011-04-01

113

21 CFR 26.64 - Transitional arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE...

2012-04-01

114

PREFACE: Cooperative dynamics Cooperative dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dynamics within living cells are dominated by non-equilibrium processes that consume chemical energy (usually in the form of ATP, adenosine triphosphate) and convert it into mechanical forces and motion. The mechanisms that allow this conversion process are mostly driven by the components of the cytoskeleton: (i) directed (polar) polymerization of filaments (either actin or microtubules) and (ii) molecular motors. The forces and motions produced by these two components of the cytoskeleton give rise to the formation of cellular shapes, and drive the intracellular transport and organization. It is clear that these systems present a multi-scale challenge, from the physics of the molecular processes to the organization of many interacting units. Understanding the physical nature of these systems will have a large impact on many fundamental problems in biology and break new grounds in the field of non-equilibrium physics. This field of research has seen a rapid development over the last ten years. Activities in this area range from theoretical and experimental work on the underlying fundamental (bio)physics at the single-molecule level, to investigations (in vivo and in vitro) of the dynamics and patterns of macroscopic pieces of 'living matter'. In this special issue we have gathered contributions that span the whole spectrum of length- and complexity-scales in this field. Some of the works demonstrate how active forces self-organize within the polymerizing cytoskeleton, on the level of cooperative cargo transport via motors or due to active fluxes at the cell membrane. On a larger scale, it is shown that polar filaments coupled to molecular motors give rise to a huge variety of surprising dynamics and patterns: spontaneously looping rings of gliding microtubules, and emergent phases of self-organized filaments and motors in different geometries. All of these articles share the common feature of being out-of-equilibrium, driven by metabolism. As demonstrated here, the biological problems that inspire these physical studies cover fundamental processes, from cell division up to the dynamics within axons and neurons. We would like to acknowledge and thank all contributors for their submissions, which made this special issue possible in the first place. Moreover, we would like to thank the staff at IOP Publishing for helping us with the administrative aspects and for co-ordinating the refereeing process. We hope that readers will enjoy this collection of papers and that it will trigger them to further explore the endless open physics questions presented by biological systems. Cooperative dynamics contents How does the antagonism between capping and anti-capping proteins affect actin network dynamics? Longhua Hu and Garegin A Papoian The emergence of sarcomeric, graded-polarity and spindle-like patterns in bundles of short cytoskeletal polymers and two opposite molecular motorsE M Craig, S Dey and A Mogilner Model of myosin node aggregation into a contractile ring: the effect of local alignmentNikola Ojkic, Jian-Qiu Wu and Dimitrios Vavylonis Loop formation of microtubules during gliding at high densityLynn Liu, Erkan Tüzel and Jennifer L Ross Protein-coat dynamics and cluster phases in intracellular traffickingGreg Huber, Hui Wang and Ranjan Mukhopadhyay Conformational changes, diffusion and collective behavior in monomeric kinesin-based motilityKerwyn Casey Huang, Christian Vega and Ajay Gopinathan One-dimensional deterministic transport in neurons measured by dispersion-relation phase spectroscopyRu Wang, Zhuo Wang, Joe Leigh, Nahil Sobh, Larry Millet, Martha U Gillette, Alex J Levine and Gabriel Popescu

Gov, Nir

2011-09-01

115

Graph Laplacians, Nodal Domains, and Hyperplane Arrangements  

E-print Network

Graph Laplacians, Nodal Domains, and Hyperplane Arrangements TË?urker B�y�koâ??glu +,# , Wim Hordijk. Eigenvectors of the Laplacian of a graph G have received increasing at­ tention in the recent past. Here we minimal and maximal numbers of nodal domains for a particular graph. The class of Boolean Hypercubes

Stadler, Peter F.

116

Graph Laplacians, Nodal Domains, and Hyperplane Arrangements  

E-print Network

Graph Laplacians, Nodal Domains, and Hyperplane Arrangements T¨urker Biyikoglu, , Wim Hordijk. Eigenvectors of the Laplacian of a graph G have received increasing at- tention in the recent past. Here we minimal and maximal numbers of nodal domains for a particular graph. The class of Boolean Hypercubes

Stadler, Peter F.

117

Children's living arrangements in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the wide variation in living arrangements experienced by children in developing regions using data from 19 Demographic and Health Surveys. Traditionally, researchers and policymakers concerned with child welfare have assumed that, apart from exceptional cases, children live with their mothers, experience childhood together with their siblings, and have access to resources from both biological parents. Data presented

Cynthia B. Lloyd; Sonalde Desai

1992-01-01

118

Informal Insurance Arrangements in Village Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work on consumption allocations in village economies finds that idiosyncratic variation in consumption is systematically related to idiosyncratic variation in income, thus rejecting the hypothesis of full risk-pooling. We attempt to explain these observations by adding limited commitment as an impediment to risk-pooling. We provide a general dynamic model and completely characterise efficient informal insurance arrangements constrained by limited

Ethan Ligon; Jonathan P. Thomas; Tim Worrall

1997-01-01

119

Solar energy conversion arrangement utilizing photovoltaic members  

Microsoft Academic Search

An arrangement for converting solar energy directly to electrical energy is disclosed herein and utilizes a group of photovoltaic-like panel members, each of which is designed to convert solar energy into electrical energy by developing a voltage across opposite terminals thereof in response to and dependent upon its collection of solar energy. These panel members are electrically interconnected together in

1983-01-01

120

Arranging a Library to Support Adolescent Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When designing a school library space and deciding how to arrange resources, it is important to consider multiple components of adolescent development, including social, emotional, and behavioral aspects. Acknowledging these developmental facets and their importance can provide additional justification for some of the more controversial aspects of…

Cesari, Lindsay

2014-01-01

121

Piston sealing arrangement for a cryogenic refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

A sealing arrangement for a rectilinear reciprocable piston within a cryogenic refrigerator comprising a buffer defined by dual O-rings disposed around the circumference of the piston and containing pressurized gas of the same type as the refrigeration gas. The buffer limits or prevents both the entrance of contaminants and also the escape of the refrigeration gas.

Green, G.F.; Humphrey, J.C.

1984-02-21

122

GRADUATE ADOLESCENT EDUCATION ALTERNATIVE FIELDWORK ARRANGEMENT APPLICATION  

E-print Network

GRADUATE ADOLESCENT EDUCATION ALTERNATIVE FIELDWORK ARRANGEMENT APPLICATION (for Students Spring The School of Education allows students who are employed as full-time as teachers of record to do their pre-student teaching fieldwork in their own schools (but not in their own classroom) if they have

Qiu, Weigang

123

Employment and Childcare Arrangements among Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated parents' experiences and their views on labor force participation and childcare arrangements. An in-depth interview was conducted with the parent or parents from 60 families with 5-year-old children, selected randomly from 14 schools in the greater Wellington, New Zealand, region. Results included the following: (1) playgroups…

Podmore, Valerie N.

124

Canister arrangement for storing radioactive waste  

DOEpatents

The subject invention relates to a canister arrangement for jointly storing high level radioactive chemical waste and metallic waste resulting from the reprocessing of nuclear reactor fuel elements. A cylindrical steel canister is provided with an elongated centrally disposed billet of the metallic waste and the chemical waste in vitreous form is disposed in the annulus surrounding the billet.

Lorenzo, D.K.; Van Cleve, J.E. Jr.

1980-04-23

125

76 FR 30325 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...This subsequent arrangement concerns the retransfer of 930 g of U.S.-origin low-enriched uranium contained in uranium molybdenum powder (183.4 g U-235) with an enrichment of 19.72%, from Atomic Energy of Canada, Limited (AECL) in Chalk...

2011-05-25

126

EFFECTIVE 08/1007/11 Arrangements | 1  

E-print Network

CONTINENTAL BREAKFASTS 6 BREAKFAST BUFFET 6 BREAKFAST ENHANCEMENTS 7 � LA CARTE BREAKFAST SELECTIONS 7 Lunch Selections | 8 BOX LUNCHES 9 COLD LUNCHEON BUFFETS 10 PLATED LUNCHEONS 11 Lunch and Dinner Buffets | 13 HOT at the School of Management, please call 617-358-2031. We suggest that your catering arrangements be made

Goldberg, Bennett

127

Manufacturing Engineering Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Manufacturing Engineering Skills provides an assessment of what the key manufacturing skills along with skill gaps are in the marketplace. Joe Loughrey is president and chief operating officer of Cummins Inc. and chairman of The Manufacturing Institute, the research and education arm of the National Association of Manufacturers. Additionally, Manufacturing Engineering Skills was shared by Mike Mohlar and by Roger Lang at an SME mfg executive roundtable in 2005 to provide clarity and encouragement about careers in manufacturing.

Loughrey, Joe

2009-08-03

128

Photovoltaic manufacturing technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report summarizes the analysis of photovoltaic module manufacturing done by Photon Energy, Inc. Photon Energy's four-stage expansion plan for photovoltaic module manufacturing is explained. Explored and studied were the following: current capabilities in manufacturing and process development, potential for increasing production and reducing manufacturing costs, problems likely to impede increased production and reduced manufacturing costs, and costs and other requirements involved in overcoming problems in manufacturing technology.

Albright, S.

1991-11-01

129

Collaborative action research: implementation of cooperative learning.  

PubMed

Nurse educators must continually improve their teaching skills through innovation. However, research about the process used by faculty members to transform their teaching methods is limited. This collaborative study uses classroom action research to describe, analyze, and address problems encountered in implementing cooperative learning in two undergraduate nursing courses. After four rounds of action and reflection, the following themes emerged: students did not understand the need for structured cooperative learning; classroom structure and seating arrangement influenced the effectiveness of activities; highly structured activities engaged the students; and short, targeted activities that involved novel content were most effective. These findings indicate that designing specific activities to prepare students for class is critical to cooperative learning. PMID:20210268

Smith-Stoner, Marilyn; Molle, Mary E

2010-06-01

130

MOX fuel arrangement for nuclear core  

DOEpatents

In order to use up a stockpile of weapons-grade plutonium, the plutonium is converted into a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel form wherein it can be disposed in a plurality of different fuel assembly types. Depending on the equilibrium cycle that is required, a predetermined number of one or more of the fuel assembly types are selected and arranged in the core of the reactor in accordance with a selected loading schedule. Each of the fuel assemblies is designed to produce different combustion characteristics whereby the appropriate selection and disposition in the core enables the resulting equilibrium cycle to closely resemble that which is produced using urania fuel. The arrangement of the MOX rods and burnable absorber rods within each of the fuel assemblies, in combination with a selective control of the amount of plutonium which is contained in each of the MOX rods, is used to tailor the combustion characteristics of the assembly. 38 figs.

Kantrowitz, M.L.; Rosenstein, R.G.

1998-10-13

131

MOX fuel arrangement for nuclear core  

DOEpatents

In order to use up a stockpile of weapons-grade plutonium, the plutonium is converted into a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel form wherein it can be disposed in a plurality of different fuel assembly types. Depending on the equilibrium cycle that is required, a predetermined number of one or more of the fuel assembly types are selected and arranged in the core of the reactor in accordance with a selected loading schedule. Each of the fuel assemblies is designed to produce different combustion characteristics whereby the appropriate selection and disposition in the core enables the resulting equilibrium cycle to closely resemble that which is produced using urania fuel. The arrangement of the MOX rods and burnable absorber rods within each of the fuel assemblies, in combination with a selective control of the amount of plutonium which is contained in each of the MOX rods, is used to tailor the combustion characteristics of the assembly.

Kantrowitz, Mark L. (Portland, CT); Rosenstein, Richard G. (Windsor, CT)

2001-07-17

132

Creating flexible work arrangements through idiosyncratic deals.  

PubMed

A survey of 887 employees in a German government agency assessed the antecedents and consequences of idiosyncratic arrangements individual workers negotiated with their supervisors. Work arrangements promoting the individualization of employment conditions, such as part-time work and telecommuting, were positively related to the negotiation of idiosyncratic deals ("i-deals"). Worker personal initiative also had a positive effect on i-deal negotiation. Two types of i-deals were studied: flexibility in hours of work and developmental opportunities. Flexibility i-deals were negatively related and developmental i-deals positively related to work-family conflict and working unpaid overtime. Developmental i-deals were also positively related to increased performance expectations and affective organizational commitment, while flexibility i-deals were unrelated to either. PMID:18457493

Hornung, Severin; Rousseau, Denise M; Glaser, Jürgen

2008-05-01

133

Mox fuel arrangement for nuclear core  

DOEpatents

In order to use up a stockpile of weapons-grade plutonium, the plutonium is converted into a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel form wherein it can be disposed in a plurality of different fuel assembly types. Depending on the equilibrium cycle that is required, a predetermined number of one or more of the fuel assembly types are selected and arranged in the core of the reactor in accordance with a selected loading schedule. Each of the fuel assemblies is designed to produce different combustion characteristics whereby the appropriate selection and disposition in the core enables the resulting equilibrium cycle to closely resemble that which is produced using urania fuel. The arrangement of the MOX rods and burnable absorber rods within each of the fuel assemblies, in combination with a selective control of the amount of plutonium which is contained in each of the MOX rods, is used to tailor the combustion. characteristics of the assembly.

Kantrowitz, Mark L. (Portland, CT); Rosenstein, Richard G. (Windsor, CT)

2001-05-15

134

78 FR 9775 - Cooper Tire & Rubber Company, Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...determined that certain Cooper brand tires manufactured between May...70R14 El Dorado Legend GT brand standard load tires manufactured...manufacturer from the notification and recall responsibilities of 49 CFR Part...to exempt it from providing recall notification of...

2013-02-11

135

Topology of plane arrangements and their complements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a glossary of notions and methods related to the topological theory of affine plane arrangements, including braid groups, configuration spaces, order complexes, stratified Morse theory, simplicial resolutions, complexes of graphs, Orlik-Solomon rings, Salvetti complexes, matroids, Spanier-Whitehead duality, twisted homology groups, monodromy theory, and multidimensional hypergeometric functions. The emphasis is upon making the presentation as geometric as possible. Applications and analogies in differential topology are outlined, and some recent results of the theory are presented.

Vasiliev, V. A.

2001-04-01

136

Achieving a new equilibrium? The stability of cooperative employer-union relationships1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current popularity of 'partnership' in workplace industrial relations raises the question of the durability of such arrangements. This article investigates the stability of cooperative employer-union relationships by means of case studies. It analyses per- ceptions of the experience of negotiation and consultation. Continuing net benefits are reported both by managers and by union representatives in workplaces where cooperative relationships

Sarah Oxenbridge; William Brown

2004-01-01

137

Cooperative DNA Binding and Sequence-Selective Recognition Conferred by the STAT Amino-Terminal Domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

STAT proteins (signal transducers and activators of transcription) activate distinct target genes despite having similar DNA binding preferences. The transcriptional specificity of STAT proteins was investigated on natural STAT binding sites near the interferon-gamma gene. These sites are arranged in multiple copies and required cooperative interactions for STAT binding. The conserved amino-terminal domain of STAT proteins was required for cooperative

Xiang Xu; Ya-Lin Sun; Timothy Hoey

1996-01-01

138

Cooperative Learning Structures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is an invaluable resource on cooperative learning. The site provides information on a number of cooperative learning techniques such as jigsaw, think-pair-share, etc. that faculty who are interested in active learning will find invaluable.

2011-04-26

139

After Hegemony: Cooperation and  

E-print Network

when inter- national cooperation seems threatened by the exercise of American mil- itary power in Iraq of the United States. Rather, cooperation be- tween states had many benefits, and thus states would continue as their benefits. Keohane showed how self-interested countries benefited from institutionalized cooperation

Landweber, Laura

140

Learning to Learn Cooperatively  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning, put quite simply, is a type of instruction whereby students work together in small groups to achieve a common goal. Cooperative learning has become increasingly popular as a feature of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) with benefits that include increased student interest due to the quick pace of cooperative tasks,…

Byrd, Anne Hammond

2009-01-01

141

Air guide arrangement in engine room  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an engine cooling arrangement in an engine room of a vehicle, the arrangement including an air intake grill through which air is introduced into the engine room, a radiator located between the air intake grill and the engine permitting the air from the intake grill to pass through the radiator before reaching the engine and a motor-driven fan located in the vicinity of the radiator to positively produce air flow passing through the radiator. The air guide arrangement consists of: an air flow enclosure member removably disposed on an undercover of the engine room between the radiator and the engine to divert and guide the air flow which has passed through the radiator from contacting the engine, the enclosure member including a box-shaped body of generally wedge-like profile, the body having an inlet opening in a vertical side which faces the inboard side of the radiator, an outlet opening in a horizontal side which faces the undercover and a smoothly curved portion for smoothly guiding the air flow from the inlet opening toward the outlet opening; means for detachable connecting the enclosure member adjacent the inboard side of the radiator so that air flowing through the radiator is guided into the inlet opening, the detachable connecting means permitting the removal of the enclosure member from the engine room whereby when the enclosure is removed air flowing through the radiator contacts the engine; and means defining a discharging opening in the undercover of the engine room facing the outlet opening of the air flow enclosure member, so that the air from the outlet opening is discharged from the discharging opening into the open air under the engine room.

Watanabe, T.

1986-08-12

142

Internal Arrangement of the Skylab Orbital Workshop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The wardroom deck of the Orbital Workshop, showing the living quarters arrangement, is seen here in good detail. From left to right is the dining area, waste management, and sleeping quarters. Portable restraints are on the wall beside the sleeping quarters. The ergometer for the vectorcardiograph (Experiment - M093) and lower-body Negative Pressure (Experiment M092) unit, used in some of the medical experiments, are in the foreground. The round brown object in the center of the room is the trash disposal airlock.

1971-01-01

143

Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine  

DOEpatents

An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the end thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby including stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

Cyrus, J.D.; Kadlec, E.G.; Klimas, P.C.

1983-09-15

144

Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine  

DOEpatents

An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the ends thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby inducing stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

Cyrus, Jack D. (Corrales, NM); Kadlec, Emil G. (Albuquerque, NM); Klimas, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01

145

34 CFR 606.12 - What must be included in cooperative arrangement grant applications?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DEVELOPING HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTIONS...each participating institution, the role of each institution, and the...

2010-07-01

146

34 CFR 607.12 - What must be included in cooperative arrangement grant applications?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM...each participating institution, the role of each institution, and the...

2010-07-01

147

Part IV: Other International Arrangements of Interest U.S.-Vietnam Fisheries Cooperation Program  

E-print Network

international and regional agreements, instruments and organizations, such as: the World Trade Organization interest in continuing the bilateral exchanges of scientific personnel and to further our dialogue on trade, enforcement, and trade. This meeting resulted in a commitment by the United States and Vietnam to examine

148

Geothermal energy technology: Issues, R and D needs, and cooperative arrangements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The report addresses four types of geothermal energy: hydrothermal, geopressured, hot dry rock, and magma systems. Hydrothermal systems are the only type that are now economically competitive commercially. Further technology development by the Department of Energy could make the uneconomical hydrothermal resources commercially attractive to the industry. The economics are more uncertain for the longer-term technologies for extracting energy from geopressured, hot dry rock, and magma systems. For some sites, the cost of energy derived from geopressured and hot dry rock systems is projected within a commercially competitive range. The use of magma energy is too far in the future to make reasonable economic calculations.

1987-12-01

149

Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture  

SciTech Connect

Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (FM&T) engineers John Zimmerman and Tom Bender directed separate projects within this CRADA. This Project Accomplishments Summary contains their reports independently. Zimmerman: In 1998 Honeywell FM&T partnered with the Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) Cooperative Business Management Program to pilot the Supply Chain Integration Planning Prototype (SCIP). At the time, FM&T was developing an enterprise-wide supply chain management prototype called the Integrated Programmatic Scheduling System (IPSS) to improve the DOE's Nuclear Weapons Complex (NWC) supply chain. In the CRADA partnership, FM&T provided the IPSS technical and business infrastructure as a test bed for SCIP technology, and this would provide FM&T the opportunity to evaluate SCIP as the central schedule engine and decision support tool for IPSS. FM&T agreed to do the bulk of the work for piloting SCIP. In support of that aim, DAMA needed specific DOE Defense Programs opportunities to prove the value of its supply chain architecture and tools. In this partnership, FM&T teamed with Sandia National Labs (SNL), Division 6534, the other DAMA partner and developer of SCIP. FM&T tested SCIP in 1998 and 1999. Testing ended in 1999 when DAMA CRADA funding for FM&T ceased. Before entering the partnership, FM&T discovered that the DAMA SCIP technology had an array of applications in strategic, tactical, and operational planning and scheduling. At the time, FM&T planned to improve its supply chain performance by modernizing the NWC-wide planning and scheduling business processes and tools. The modernization took the form of a distributed client-server planning and scheduling system (IPSS) for planners and schedulers to use throughout the NWC on desktops through an off-the-shelf WEB browser. The planning and scheduling process within the NWC then, and today, is a labor-intensive paper-based method that plans and schedules more than 8,000 shipped parts per month based on more than 50 manually-created document types. The fact that DAMA and FM&T desired to move from paper-based manual architectures to digitally based computer architectures gave further incentive for the partnership to grow. FM&T's greatest strength was its knowledge of NWC-wide scheduling and planning with its role as the NWC leader in manufacturing logistics. DAMA's asset was its new knowledge gained in the research and development of advanced architectures and tools for supply chain management in the textiles industry. These complimentary strengths allowed the two parties to provide both the context and the tools for the pilot. Bender: Honeywell FM&T participated in a four-site supply chain project, also referred to as an Inter-Enterprise Pipeline Evaluation. The MSAD project was selected because it involves four NWC sites: FM&T, Pantex, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). FM&T had previously participated with Los Alamos National Laboratory in FY98 to model a two-site supply chain project, between FM&T and LANL. Evaluation of a Supply Chain Methodology is a subset of the DAMA project for the AMTEX consortium. LANL organization TSA-7, Enterprise Modeling and Simulation, has been involved in AMTEX and DAMA through development of process models and simulations for LANL, the NWC, and others. The FY 1998 and this FY 1999 projects directly involved collaboration between Honeywell and the Enterprise Modeling and Simulation (TSA-7) and Detonation Science and Technology (DX1) organizations at LANL.

Bender, T.R.; Zimmerman, J.J.

2001-02-07

150

Locating Chicago Manufacturing  

E-print Network

to metropolitan Los Angeles. Manufacturing's percentage of all metropolitan Chicago jobs rose from 1.08 times in public policies to strengthen America's manufacturing base. In his 2013 State of The Union Address

Illinois at Chicago, University of

151

Safety in Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Safety in Manufacturing provides participants with an understanding of the critical nature of safety in manufacturing and of the individual's role in providing for a safe manufacturing environment. After completing this module, students should be able to evaluate the degree of hazard in a given scenario and recommend appropriate corrective action. Note: This module is part of a modularized manufacturing technology curriculum created by the PSCME, found at www.pscme.org/educators.html.

2010-08-03

152

Seating Arrangement, Group Composition and Competition-driven Interaction: Effects on Students' Performance in Physics  

SciTech Connect

We probe the effect of seating arrangement, group composition and group-based competition on students' performance in Physics using a teaching technique adopted from Mazur's peer instruction method. Ninety eight lectures, involving 2339 students, were conducted across nine learning institutions from February 2006 to June 2009. All the lectures were interspersed with student interaction opportunities (SIO), in which students work in groups to discuss and answer concept tests. Two individual assessments were administered before and after the SIO. The ratio of the post-assessment score to the pre-assessment score and the Hake factor were calculated to establish the improvement in student performance. Using actual assessment results and neural network (NN) modeling, an optimal seating arrangement for a class was determined based on student seating location. The NN model also provided a quantifiable method for sectioning students. Lastly, the study revealed that competition-driven interactions increase within-group cooperation and lead to higher improvement on the students' performance.

Roxas, R. M.; Monterola, C. [National Institute of Physics, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101 (Philippines); Carreon-Monterola, S. L. [College of Education, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101 (Philippines)

2010-07-28

153

COOPERATIVE RESEARCH IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE UNDER THE US-PRC (UNITED STATES-PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PROTOCOL  

EPA Science Inventory

The Atmospheric Sciences Research Laboratory's (ASRL) efforts in arranging cooperative research projects under the US-PRC Environmental Protection Protocol are described. Completed and ongoing projects are reported and projects now being negotiated are noted....

154

Manufacturing Battle Creek  

E-print Network

to the manufacturing sector in Western Michigan. In addition to serving as director of the MRC, Dr. Patten is alsoManufacturing Research Center Kalamazoo Battle Creek The College of Engineering and Applied Sciences The Supporting manufacturing industries by providing opportunities for collaboration with faculty

de Doncker, Elise

155

33 CFR 157.11 - Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements...Equipment, and Installation § 157.11 Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements...through ballast tanks; (2) Suction wells in cargo tanks that protrude into...

2010-07-01

156

24 CFR 3500.15 - Affiliated business arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Affiliated business arrangements. 3500.15 Section 3500.15 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEVELOPMENT REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT § 3500.15 Affiliated business arrangements. (a)...

2011-04-01

157

47 CFR 1.9020 - Spectrum manager leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Spectrum manager leasing arrangements. 1... GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures § 1.9020 Spectrum manager leasing arrangements....

2010-10-01

158

47 CFR 1.9020 - Spectrum manager leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Spectrum manager leasing arrangements. 1... GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures § 1.9020 Spectrum manager leasing arrangements....

2011-10-01

159

14 CFR 1215.112 - User/NASA contractual arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false User/NASA contractual arrangement. 1215.112 Section...S. Government Users § 1215.112 User/NASA contractual arrangement. (a) The NASA Administrator reserves the right to waive...

2010-01-01

160

14 CFR 1215.112 - User/NASA contractual arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false User/NASA contractual arrangement. 1215.112 Section...S. Government Users § 1215.112 User/NASA contractual arrangement. (a) The NASA Administrator reserves the right to waive...

2012-01-01

161

14 CFR 1215.112 - User/NASA contractual arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true User/NASA contractual arrangement. 1215.112 Section...S. Government Users § 1215.112 User/NASA contractual arrangement. (a) The NASA Administrator reserves the right to waive...

2011-01-01

162

20 CFR 725.705 - Arrangements for medical care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Arrangements for medical care. 725.705 Section 725...SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Medical Benefits and Vocational Rehabilitation § 725.705 Arrangements for medical care. (a) Operator...

2010-04-01

163

20 CFR 725.705 - Arrangements for medical care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Arrangements for medical care. 725.705 Section 725...SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Medical Benefits and Vocational Rehabilitation § 725.705 Arrangements for medical care. (a) Operator...

2011-04-01

164

AEA CLASH.docx Page 1 ALTERNATIVE EXAMINATION ARRANGEMENTS  

E-print Network

your School or Faculty to discuss alternative assessment. Cross-Institutional Students Where studentsAEA CLASH.docx Page 1 ALTERNATIVE EXAMINATION ARRANGEMENTS Scheduling Conflict Section 4 an Alternative Examination Arrangements (Scheduling Conflict) application form, together with supporting

165

37 CFR 1.77 - Arrangement of application elements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Arrangement of application elements. 1.77 Section 1.77 Patents, Trademarks...Specification § 1.77 Arrangement of application elements. (a) The elements of the application, if applicable, should...

2013-07-01

166

37 CFR 1.77 - Arrangement of application elements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Arrangement of application elements. 1.77 Section 1.77 Patents, Trademarks...Specification § 1.77 Arrangement of application elements. (a) The elements of the application, if applicable, should...

2012-07-01

167

37 CFR 1.77 - Arrangement of application elements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Arrangement of application elements. 1.77 Section 1.77 Patents, Trademarks...Specification § 1.77 Arrangement of application elements. (a) The elements of the application, if applicable, should...

2010-07-01

168

37 CFR 1.77 - Arrangement of application elements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Arrangement of application elements. 1.77 Section 1.77 Patents, Trademarks...Specification § 1.77 Arrangement of application elements. (a) The elements of the application, if applicable, should...

2011-07-01

169

Ways of arrangement : the basic operations of form-making  

E-print Network

Making forms is essentially a matter of arranging things, and arranging things is essentially to establish spatial relations among selected elements. The thesis provides a minimal set of basic operations believed to be ...

Wang, Minghong

1987-01-01

170

Nonstandard Work Arrangements among Women and Men Scientists and Engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on a sample of 48,444 scientists and engineers in the United States to analyze nonstandard work arrangements\\u000a among women and men, 8,773 of whom worked in such arrangements. With few exceptions, women were overrepresented in these arrangements\\u000a and particularly in those characterized by lower wages and benefits, but their overrepresentation in the worst arrangements\\u000a failed to explain

Anastasia H. Prokos; Irene Padavic; S. Ashley Schmidt

2009-01-01

171

48 CFR 52.247-56 - Transit Arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transit Arrangements. 52.247-56 Section...Provisions and Clauses 52.247-56 Transit Arrangements. As prescribed in 47...benefits may accrue to the Government because transit arrangements may apply: Transit...

2010-10-01

172

ON LEFT REGULAR BANDS AND REAL CONIC-LINE ARRANGEMENTS  

E-print Network

ON LEFT REGULAR BANDS AND REAL CONIC-LINE ARRANGEMENTS MICHAEL FRIEDMAN AND DAVID GARBER Abstract to answer this question for the simplest generalization of hyperplane arrangements, that is, conic of a conic­line arrangement, we present two possibilities for the product and its associated structures. We

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

173

Thrust engine and propellant exhaust arrangement therefor  

SciTech Connect

A nuclear engine and nozzle arrangement are described for a nuclear rocket comprising a cluster of elongated fissile fuel bearing and high temperature capacity modules suitably supported in a pressure vessel. The modules have a plurality of coolant-propellant channels extending therethrough, a convergent - divergent nozzle structure of fixed cross-sectional dimensions secured to the end portion of each of said modules, a divergent-only unitary skirt member connected directly to the propellant exit end of said modular cluster in series with and diverging from the divergent ends of said convergent-divergent nozzle structures. The modules are formed to conduct a compressible propellant therethrough at sub-sonic velocities, said nozzle structures being formed to develop supersonic velocities of the propellant and said divergent-only skirt being formed to develop further the supersonic velocities of said propellant.

Retallick, F.D.

1981-01-27

174

Manufacturing Planning Guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Manufacturing process, milestones and inputs are unknowns to first-time users of the manufacturing facilities. The Manufacturing Planning Guide aids in establishing expectations for both NASA and non-NASA facility customers. The potential audience for this guide includes both internal and commercial spaceflight hardware/software developers. It is intended to assist their project engineering personnel in manufacturing planning and execution. Material covered includes a roadmap of the manufacturing process, roles and responsibilities of facility and user, major milestones, facility capabilities, and inputs required by the facility. Samples of deliverables, products, and inputs necessary to define test scope, cost, and schedule are included as an appendix to the guide.

Waid, Michael

2011-01-01

175

Computational Science Applications in Manufacturing (CSAM) workshop evaluation report  

SciTech Connect

The Computational Science Applications in Manufacturing (CSAM) workshop is a program designed to expose and train high school students in the techniques used in computational science as they pertain to manufacturing. This effort was sponsored by the AlliedSignal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD) in cooperation with the Department of Energy (DOE) and their initiative to support education with respect to the advances in technology.

Bradford, J.; Dixon, L.; Rutherford, W.

1994-09-01

176

Organizational choices for international cooperation: East-West European cooperation on regional environmental problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation applies theoretical insights from transaction cost economics to explain and predict the organizational form of cooperative agreements between Eastern and Western Europe in areas of regional environmental and political concern. It examines five contracting problems related to nuclear power safety and acid rain, and describes the history of international negotiations to manage these problems. It argues that the level of interdependence in a given issue area, or costly effects experienced in one state due to activities and decisions of other states, along with the level of transactional vulnerability, or sunk costs invested in support of a particular contractual relationship among these states, are key determinants of the governance structures states choose to facilitate cooperation in that issue area. Empirically, the dissertation traces the evolution of three sets of institutional arrangements related to nuclear safety: governance for western nuclear safety assistance to Eastern Europe, negotiations of a global convention on safety standards for nuclear power plants, and contracts among utilities and multilateral banks to build new nuclear power plants in Eastern Europe. Next it studies European acid rain, chronicling the history of international acid rain controls within the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) and the European Union, and finally examining institutional arrangements for burden-sharing to promote European bargains on emissions reduction, including bilateral aid transfers and proposals for multilateral burden sharing. Political actors have a wide range of choice among institutional arrangements to facilitate international cooperation, from simple market-type exchanges, to arbitration-type regimes that provide information and enhance reputation effects, to self-enforcing agreements such as issue-linkage, to supranational governance. The governance structures states devise to manage their cooperative relations affects outcomes of cooperation, by influencing the bargains states make and how well those bargains stick. This research shows that patterns of interdependence and sunk costs in cooperative relationships with particular states strongly condition the choices states make between these institutional structures to facilitate mutually beneficial international cooperation while protecting against opportunism.

Connolly, Barbara Mary

177

Knowledge Framework for Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Ricardo Jardim-Goncalves* Joo Sarraipa** Carlos Agostinho** Herv Panetto***  

E-print Network

: Nowadays, competition is experienced not only among companies but among global supply chains and business, organizations from similar business environments have trouble cooperating, and are experiencing difficulties international standards. To address similar interoperability problems, the Intelligent Manufacturing Systems

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

178

Futures for energy cooperatives  

SciTech Connect

A listing of Federal agencies and programs with potential funding for community-scale cooperatives using conservation measures and solar technologies is presented in Section 1. Section 2 presents profiles of existing community energy cooperatives describing their location, history, membership, services, sources of finance and technical assistance. A condensed summary from a recent conference on Energy Cooperatives featuring notes on co-op members' experiences, problems, and opportunities is presented in Section 3. Section 4 lists contacts for additional information. A National Consumer Cooperative Bank Load Application is shown in the appendix.

None

1981-01-01

179

77 FR 14810 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration...Approval; Cooperative Manufacturing Arrangements for Licensed Biologics AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration...SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration...entitled ``Cooperative Manufacturing Arrangements for...

2012-03-13

180

Internal Arrangement of Skylab Workshop Crew Quarters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image depicts a layout of the Skylab workshop 1-G trainer crew quarters. At left, in the sleep compartment, astronauts slept strapped to the walls of cubicles and showered at the center. Next right was the waste management area where wastes were processed and disposed. Upper right was the wardroom where astronauts prepared their meals and foods were stored. In the experiment operation area, upper left, against the far wall, was the lower-body negative-pressure device (Skylab Experiment M092) and the Ergometer for the vectorcardiogram experiment (Skylab Experiment M063). The trainers and mockups were useful in the developmental phase, while engineers and astronauts were still working out optimum designs. They provided much data applicable to the manufacture of the flight articles.

1972-01-01

181

Polyhedral arrangements in lanthanum aluminoborate glasses  

SciTech Connect

The authors have used magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) and Raman spectroscopy to examine the polyhedral arrangements in ternary lanthanum aluminoborate glasses. They have characterized two glass-forming series: xAl{sub 2}O{sub 3}{center_dot}(1{minus}x)LaB{sub 3}O{sub 6} and 0.25 La{sub 2}O{sub 3}{center_dot}yAl{sub 2}O{sub 3}{center_dot}(1{minus}y)-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}. {sup 11}B MAS NMR reveals a decrease in the fraction of four-coordinated boron atoms with increases in the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} content in both series. {sup 27}Al MAS NMR has detected four-, five- and six-coordinated aluminum atoms in complex aluminoborate networks similar to those reported elsewhere for alkaline-earth aluminoborate glasses. Raman spectroscopy reveals a variety of borate and aluminoborate moieties, including isolated groups as well as methaborate chains and rings. These results indicate that the La{sup 3+} ion acts as a modifier to the aluminoborate network.

Brow, R.K.; Tallant, D.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Turner, G.L. [Spectral Data Services, Champaign, IL (United States)

1997-05-01

182

Advanced Manufacturing Discovery Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a 3:15 minute video on YouTube. It shows a set of high school students assigned to a manufacturing project that is very much like a real industry situation. A diverse mix of students work on developing a hovercraft. Their skills and backgrounds include: 3D CAD, engineering, manufacturing, marketing, math, sciences, business, communications, arts, and electronics. They learn how to work together to create a finished product while discovering the many opportunities available in manufacturing.

2009-08-13

183

Cooperation in Science and  

E-print Network

2009 European Cooperation in Science and Technology About COST #12;Note The aim of this pocket. This guide covers the whole of the COST system for research cooperation in Europe, including information about COST governance, contact points and financial instruments plus, most importantly, the COST Actions

De Cindio, Fiorella

184

The cooperative brain.  

PubMed

Cooperation is essential for the functioning of human societies. To better understand how cooperation both succeeds and fails, recent research in cognitive neuroscience has begun to explore novel paradigms to examine how cooperative mechanisms may be encoded in the brain. By combining functional neuroimaging techniques with simple but realistic tasks adapted from experimental economics, this approach allows for the discrimination and modeling of processes that are important in cooperative behavior. Here, we review evidence demonstrating that many of the processes underlying cooperation overlap with rather fundamental brain mechanisms, such as, for example, those involved in reward, punishment and learning. In addition, we review how social expectations induced by an interactive context and the experience of social emotions may influence cooperation and its associated underlying neural circuitry, and we describe factors that appear important for generating cooperation, such as the provision of incentives. These findings illustrate how cognitive neuroscience can contribute to the development of more accurate, brain-based, models of cooperative decision making. PMID:23300215

Stallen, Mirre; Sanfey, Alan G

2013-06-01

185

Cooperative Learning Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents essential characteristics and types of cooperative learning strategies for use in elementary social studies. Outlines exercises for forming teams and building team spirit. Points out such methods promote group interdependence and student responsibility for learning and teaching others. Highlights two cooperative group strategies, Jigsaw…

Barnes, Buckley; O'Farrell, Gail

1990-01-01

186

WORK PROGRAMME 2009 COOPERATION  

E-print Network

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES - NMP (European Commission C(2008)6827 of 17 November 2008) #12;FP7 Cooperation: NMP priorities for year 2010 54 #12;FP7 Cooperation: NMP 2009 WP Page 3 of 63 Objective The principal objectives, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies ­ NMP' is to fund research, development, demonstration

Milano-Bicocca, Università

187

South Carolina Cooperative  

E-print Network

-2006 Cooperating Agencies U.S. Geological Survey South Carolina Department of Natural Resources Clemson University Wildlife Management Institute South Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit G27 Lehotsky Hall American Oystercatchers. American Oystercatcher chick and egg, Cape Romain NWR (see P 26) Annuli on a carp

Jodice, Patrick

188

Cooperative Fish and Wildlife  

E-print Network

2005 Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program Annual Report #12; 2005Annual Report Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program www.coopunits.org #12;2 #12;2 Front cover photos Wildlife Refuge, Louisiana (Sammy King/LA Unit). Rocky Mountain elk near the Wichita Mountains National

189

Social Identity and Cooperation  

E-print Network

This study seeks to examine the effects of cooperation on social identity in group work. I posit that members of groups which are cooperative and therefore successful will be more likely to identify with the group, than members of those groups which...

Manago, Bianca N

2012-07-11

190

Cooperative Concept Mapping  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The author used a repeated-measures design to compare students' exam performance after their participation in a cooperative concept-mapping workshop in contrast to their exam performance after more traditional assignments. Cooperative concept-mapping workshops resulted in significant improvements in students' understanding of biology, as indicated by their performance on exams.

Preszler, Ralph

2004-05-01

191

Making Cooperative Learning Powerful  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just about everyone loves the "idea" of cooperative learning, children working productively and excitedly in groups, everyone getting along and enthusiastically helping one another learn. This article presents five strategies that teachers can use to get the greatest benefit possible from cooperative learning and ensure that…

Slavin, Robert E.

2014-01-01

192

Innovative Cooperation and Collaboration: A Study on Rwandan Coffee Cooperatives  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study is to describe and examine the attitudes of coffee cooperative members towards the ownership of the SPREAD cooperatives in relation to cooperative sustainability. In addition this study identifies barriers faced by member...

Stellbauer, Robert Matthew

2012-07-16

193

Manufacturing with the Sun  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Concentrated solar radiation is now a viable alternative source for many advanced manufacturing processes. Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have demonstrated the feasibility of processes such as solar induced surface transformation of materials (SISTM), solar based manufacturing, and solar pumped lasers. Researchers are also using sunlight to decontaminate water and soils polluted with organic compounds; these techniques could provide manufacturers with innovative alternatives to traditional methods of waste management. The solar technology that is now being integrated into today's manufacturing processes offer greater potential for tomorrow, especially as applied to the radiation abundant environment available in space and on the lunar surface.

Murphy, Lawrence M.; Hauser, Steven G.; Clyne, Richard J.

1991-01-01

194

Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory (MEL) is a division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Its function is to work with companies and perform research to improve manufacturing performance. Because of its broad scope, MEL has five divisions -- Precision Engineering, Manufacturing Metrology, Intelligent Systems, Manufacturing Systems Integration, and Fabrication Technology. The laboratory's homepage offers descriptions, research project information, conference and workshop times, and photo and movie galleries from various projects. There is also a link to an Engineering Metrology Toolbox used to "solve real problems in dimensional measurement."

2001-01-01

195

Towards a Formal Specification Framework for Manufacturing Execution Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) optimize production and business processes at the same time. However, the engineering and specification of MES is a challenging, interdisciplinary process. Especially IT and production experts with different views and background have to cooperate. For successful and efficient MES software projects, misunderstandings in the specification process have to be avoided. Therefore, textual specifications need to be

Maria Witsch; Birgit Vogel-Heuser

2012-01-01

196

Agent-based shop control system under holonic manufacturing concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

Present shop control methods often fail in observing even-driven job allocation due to the existence of many disparities caused by scrape, resource failures, etc. In order to solve these problems, new strategies of intelligent manufacturing systems are proposed. An agent strategy, that is autonomous and cooperative, is described. This paper presents the control method of agent-based shop control system that

Hong-Seok Park; Won-Gyu Lee

2000-01-01

197

COOPERATIVE INTERLOCAL AGREEMENT This COOPERATIVE INTERLOCAL AGREEMENT (this "Agreement") is  

E-print Network

COOPERATIVE INTERLOCAL AGREEMENT This COOPERATIVE INTERLOCAL AGREEMENT (this "Agreement") is made of higher learning, including educational facilities, research facilities, housing for students, faculty

Hemmers, Oliver

198

COOPERATIVE INTERLOCAL AGREEMENT This COOPERATIVE INTERLOCAL AGREEMENT (this "Agreement") is  

E-print Network

COOPERATIVE INTERLOCAL AGREEMENT This COOPERATIVE INTERLOCAL AGREEMENT (this "Agreement") is made and activities including any purpose that would generally be associated with an institution of higher learning

Hemmers, Oliver

199

Stigmergic cooperation mechanism for shop floor control system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inspired by the collective behaviour of ant colonies, a stigmergic cooperation mechanism for shop floor control is proposed. In stigmergic shop floor control systems, one piece agent takes charges of one work piece and chooses a manufacturing resource for it in the light of pheromones stored in information environment. Piece agents also update these pheromones to guide subsequent agents’ routing.

Qinglu Gao; Xin Luo; Shuzi Yang

2005-01-01

200

Cooperative Multi-Agent Systems from the Reinforcement Learning Perspective --  

E-print Network

of an application from the field of manufacturing control and scheduling. Key words: reinforcement learning, multiCooperative Multi-Agent Systems from the Reinforcement Learning Perspective -- Challenges-K¨ohler-Allee 079 79110 Freiburg im Breisgau Germany tgabel@informatik.uni-freiburg.de Abstract. Reinforcement

Teschner, Matthias

201

International Crystal Manufacturing  

E-print Network

International Crystal Manufacturing CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR AND FILTER PRODUCTS International Crystal@icmfg.com #12;2 International Crystal Manufacturing, Inc. P.O. Box 26330 · Oklahoma City, OK 73126-0330 · Phone-800-322-9426 · www.icmfg.com · E-mail freeland@icmfg.com QUARTZ CRYSTALS Quartz Crystal Selection Guide

Berns, Hans-Gerd

202

Automotive Manufacturing Employment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the Consortium for Alabama Regional Center for Automotive Manufacturing (CARCAM) provides a number of links to the websites of automotive manufacturers and suppliers. The list focuses on locations in the Southern United States, and it would be useful for students in this region looking for employment.

2011-01-31

203

Additive Versus Subtractive Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For manufacturing students learning the basics, this page from SnoCAMP would be a useful addition to in-class instruction. The webpage combines photographs of examples with descriptive text. This would be a good introduction for students learning the basics about manufacturing.

2013-07-23

204

Locating Chicago Manufacturing  

E-print Network

-area manufacturing. It is based on an update of the author's previous work on the geography of U.S. manufacturing County: 16 percent in the city of Chicago and 31 percent in suburban Cook. In 2011, the average annual, published last year by the Brookings Institution.7 Methodology and Will counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake

Illinois at Chicago, University of

205

Global manufacturing strategies require \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to study multifocused global manufacturing strategies under the influence of “China effect” taking the dynamic, complex and situational business strategies into account. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study compares the competitive priorities of manufacturing strategies in four different types of companies with some international comparisons and one longitudinal case study for benchmarking. The analytical

Josu Takala; Jarkko Hirvelä; Yang Liu; Dusan Malindzák

2007-01-01

206

Living Arrangement and University Choice of Dutch Prospective Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sá C., Florax R. J. G. M. and Rietveld P. Living arrangement and university choice of Dutch prospective students, Regional Studies. The nature of university choice and living-arrangement decisions of Dutch prospective students is analysed. A random utility maximization nested logit model of living-arrangement and university-choice decisions is estimated. Estimation results show distance deters both prospective students living at the

Carla Sá; Raymond J. G. M. Florax; Piet Rietveld

2012-01-01

207

Living Arrangement and University Choice of Dutch Prospective Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sá C., Florax R. J. G. M. and Rietveld P. Living arrangement and university choice of Dutch prospective students, Regional Studies. The nature of university choice and living-arrangement decisions of Dutch prospective students is analysed. A random utility maximization nested logit model of living-arrangement and university-choice decisions is estimated. Estimation results show distance deters both prospective students living at the

Carla Sá; Raymond J. G. M. Florax; Piet Rietveld

2011-01-01

208

Optimal support arrangement of piping systems using genetic algorithm  

SciTech Connect

The support arrangement is one of the important factors in the design of piping systems. Much time is required to decide the arrangement of the supports. The authors applied a genetic algorithm to find the optimum support arrangement for piping systems. Examples are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the genetic algorithm. Good results are obtained when applying the genetic algorithm to the actual designing of the piping system.

Chiba, T.; Okado, S.; Fujii, I.; Itami, K. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., Yokohama (Japan). Nuclear Power Div.; Hara, F. [Science Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)

1996-11-01

209

Optimal Winding Arrangements of a Bearingless Switched Reluctance Motor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Winding arrangements of a bearingless switched reluctance motor strongly influence the operation state of its power converters so much as the rotation and levitation of the motor. This paper proposes some optimal winding arrangements, which suit for a three-phase half-bridge converter or a three-phase four-leg converter. First, the optimal main winding arrangement is proposed. Then, this paper analyzes the influence

Gang Yang; Zhiquan Deng; Xin Cao; Xiaolin Wang

2008-01-01

210

Globalization and human cooperation  

PubMed Central

Globalization magnifies the problems that affect all people and that require large-scale human cooperation, for example, the overharvesting of natural resources and human-induced global warming. However, what does globalization imply for the cooperation needed to address such global social dilemmas? Two competing hypotheses are offered. One hypothesis is that globalization prompts reactionary movements that reinforce parochial distinctions among people. Large-scale cooperation then focuses on favoring one's own ethnic, racial, or language group. The alternative hypothesis suggests that globalization strengthens cosmopolitan attitudes by weakening the relevance of ethnicity, locality, or nationhood as sources of identification. In essence, globalization, the increasing interconnectedness of people worldwide, broadens the group boundaries within which individuals perceive they belong. We test these hypotheses by measuring globalization at both the country and individual levels and analyzing the relationship between globalization and individual cooperation with distal others in multilevel sequential cooperation experiments in which players can contribute to individual, local, and/or global accounts. Our samples were drawn from the general populations of the United States, Italy, Russia, Argentina, South Africa, and Iran. We find that as country and individual levels of globalization increase, so too does individual cooperation at the global level vis-à-vis the local level. In essence, “globalized” individuals draw broader group boundaries than others, eschewing parochial motivations in favor of cosmopolitan ones. Globalization may thus be fundamental in shaping contemporary large-scale cooperation and may be a positive force toward the provision of global public goods. PMID:19255433

Buchan, Nancy R.; Grimalda, Gianluca; Wilson, Rick; Brewer, Marilynn; Fatas, Enrique; Foddy, Margaret

2009-01-01

211

When your contract manufacturer becomes your competitor.  

PubMed

PC maker Lenovo started out as a distributor of equipment made by IBM and other companies; now it has formed a joint venture with IBM and will eventually affix its own logo to its computers. Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC) started out manufacturing vehicles for Volkswagen and GM; now it's preparing to sell its own cars in China, Europe, and North America. Lenovo and SAIC represent a host of formerly anonymous makers of brand-name products that are breaking out of their defined roles and pushing the brands themselves aside. In this article, the authors explore the double-edged relationships original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) forge with their contract manufacturers (CMs). On the one hand, an OEM can reduce its labor costs, free up capital, and improve worker productivity by outsourcing all the manufacturing of a product. The company can then concentrate on value-adding activities--research and development, product design, and marketing, for instance. On the other hand, an OEM that retains a contract manufacturer may find itself immersed in a melodrama replete with promiscuity (the ambitious CM pursues liaisons with other OEMs), infidelity (the OEM's retailers and distributors shift their business to the upstart CM), and betrayal (the brazen CM transmits the OEM's intellectual property to the OEM's rivals or keeps it for itself when the contract is up). OEMs cannot simply terminate their outsourcing arrangements--they need contract manufacturers in order to keep specializing, adding value, and staying competitive. But OEMs can manage these relationships so that they don't become weak or the CMs too strong. Doing so requires modesty about revealing trade secrets; caution about whom one consorts with; and a judicious degree of intimacy, loyalty, and generosity toward partners and customers. PMID:16967627

Arruñda, Benito; Vázquez, Xosé H

2006-09-01

212

Heat pipe manufacturing study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Heat pipe manufacturing methods are examined with the goal of establishing cost effective procedures that will ultimately result in cheaper more reliable heat pipes. Those methods which are commonly used by all heat pipe manufacturers have been considered, including: (1) envelope and wick cleaning, (2) end closure and welding, (3) mechanical verification, (4) evacuation and charging, (5) working fluid purity, and (6) charge tube pinch off. The study is limited to moderate temperature aluminum and stainless steel heat pipes with ammonia, Freon-21 and methanol working fluids. Review and evaluation of available manufacturers techniques and procedures together with the results of specific manufacturing oriented tests have yielded a set of recommended cost-effective specifications which can be used by all manufacturers.

Edelstein, F.

1974-01-01

213

Laser assisted direct manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Direct Laser Manufacturing (DLM) with coaxial powder injection (TRUMPF DMD 505 installation) was applied for fabrication of 3D objects from metallic and ceramic powder. One of the advantages of DLM is the possibility to build functionally graded objects in one-step manufacturing cycle by application of a 2-channel powder feeder. Several models with different types of material gradients (smooth, sharp, periodic) and multi-layered structures were manufactured from SS, stellite (Cobalt alloy), Cu and W alloys. Technology of Selective Laser Melting (SLM) was applied for manufacturing of net shaped objects from different powders (PHENIX PM-100 machine) : Inox 904L, Ni625, Cu/Sn, W and Zr02-Y2O3. Performance and limitations of SLM technology for fabrication of elements for chemical and mechanical industries are analysed. Two-component objects (Stainless steel /Cu - H13/CuNi) were fabricated in a two-step manufacturing cycle.

Bertrand, Ph.; Smurov, I.

2007-06-01

214

Manufacturing in the Digital Age: Exploiting Information Technologies for Product Realization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) is both the key enabler for future manufacturing enterprises and a transformer of organizations and markets. By reducing barriers to collaboration, compressing lead time, eliminating physical movement, and enriching decision-making, IT helps manufacturers achieve their goal of meeting customer needs better, quicker, and cheaper. By providing global reach and easy connectivity, information technology has fostered cooperation while

Anantaram Balakrishnan; Soundar R. T. Kumara; Shankar Sundaresan

1999-01-01

215

Cooperative quantum Parrondo's games  

E-print Network

Coordination and cooperation are among the most important issues of game theory. Recently, the attention turned to game theory on graphs and social networks. Encouraged by interesting results obtained in quantum evolutionary game analysis, we study cooperative Parrondo's games in a quantum setup. The game is modeled using multidimensional quantum random walks with biased coins. We use the GHZ and W entangled states as the initial state of the coins. Our analysis shows than an apparent paradox in cooperative quantum games and some interesting phenomena can be observed.

?ukasz Pawela; Jan S?adkowski

2012-07-30

216

Cooperative Learning and Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cooperative learning in its simplest sense is two or more students working together on an assignment. In an expanded definition, cooperative learning becomes an opportunity for students to interact with one another intellectually and socially under the guidance of the teacher. It allows students to work together toward common goals, beneficial for all learners within the group (Johnson, Johnson, and Holubec 1994). At its best, cooperative learning allows the teacher to become the "facilitator of learning" while the students, with the help of one another, become the directors of their own discovery and learning process.

Swango, C. J.; Steward, Sally B.

2003-01-01

217

Mass manufactured secondary optics for CPV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Fraunhofer Institutes for Solar Energy Systems ISE and for Mechanics of Materials IWM in cooperation with industrial partners have explored routes for highly cost effective mass manufacturing of dome lens shaped glass secondary optical elements (SOEs) for concentrating photovoltaics (CPV). This included optical design studies, design optimizations and outdoor measurements on prototypes by Fraunhofer ISE. Fraunhofer IWM has explored a short cycle molding process suitable for low-cost high volume production. SOEs of spherical shape can be a possible option for a cost-effective production.

Schmid, Tobias; Wiesenfarth, Maike; Hornung, Thorsten; Gremmelspacher, Matthias; Manns, Peter; Nitz, Peter

2014-09-01

218

Cooperative heat transfer and ground coupled storage system  

DOEpatents

A cooperative heat transfer and ground coupled storage system wherein collected solar heat energy is ground stored and permitted to radiate into the adjacent ground for storage therein over an extended period of time when such heat energy is seasonally maximally available. Thereafter, when said heat energy is seasonally minimally available and has propagated through the adjacent ground a substantial distance, the stored heat energy may be retrieved by a circumferentially arranged heat transfer means having a high rate of heat transfer.

Metz, Philip D. (Rocky Point, NY)

1982-01-01

219

Four Years of Practical Arrangements between IAEA and Moscow SIA 'Radon': Preliminary Results - 13061  

SciTech Connect

The International Education Training Centre (IETC) at Moscow State Unitary Enterprise Scientific and Industrial Association 'Radon' (SIA 'Radon'), in co-operation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), has developed expertise and provided training to waste management personnel for the last 15 years. Since 1997, the educational system of the enterprise with the support of the IAEA has acquired an international character: more than 470 experts from 35 countries- IAEA Member States completed the professional development. Training is conducted at various thematic courses or fellowships for individual programs and seminars on IAEA technical projects. In June 2008 a direct agreement (Practical Arrangements) was signed between SIA 'Radon' and the IAEA on cooperation in the field of development of new technologies, expert's advice to IAEA Member States, and, in particular, the training of personnel in the field of radioactive waste management (RWM), which opens up new perspectives for fruitful cooperation of industry professionals. The paper summarizes the current experience of the SIA 'Radon' in the organization and implementation of the IAEA sponsored training and others events and outlines some of strategic educational elements, which IETC will continue to pursue in the coming years. (authors)

Batyukhnova, O.G.; Karlina, O.K.; Neveikin, P.P. [SUE SIA 'Radon', The 7-th Rostovsky Lane 2/14, Moscow, 119121 (Russian Federation)] [SUE SIA 'Radon', The 7-th Rostovsky Lane 2/14, Moscow, 119121 (Russian Federation)

2013-07-01

220

Cooperative Learning in Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formal use of cooperative learning techniques proved effective in improving student performance and retention in a freshman level statistics course. Lectures interspersed with group activities proved effective in increasing conceptual understanding and overall class performance. (11 references) (Author)

Keeler, Carolyn M.; And Others

1994-01-01

221

Cooperation Over Competition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video from The Human Spark, scientists discuss what may be the uniquely “human spark” which separates us from animals: our ability to communicate, cooperate, and collaborate with others.

Wnet

2011-08-08

222

WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION  

E-print Network

WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION THEME 6 ENVIRONMENT (INCLUDING CLIMATE CHANGE) (European Commission climate change) Page 2 of 95 Table of contents I CONTEXT.1 Climate Change, pollution and risks------------------------------------------------ 12 Sub-Activity 6

Milano-Bicocca, Università

223

Understanding microbial cooperation  

E-print Network

The field of microbial cooperation has grown enormously over the last decade, leading to improved experimental techniques and a growing awareness of collective behavior in microbes. Unfortunately, many of our theoretical ...

Damore, James A.

224

Cooperative Learning Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the effectiveness of cooperative learning on discipline problems, interdependence between students, and teacher-student interactions. Explains how to group students and introduces a laboratory activity on covalent and ionic bonds. (YDS)

Pratt, Sandra

2003-01-01

225

Considering Cooperation: A Guide For New Cooperative Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This publication reviews the key elements needed for successful formation and development of new cooperative businesses. The motivation for and process of forming cooperatives are discussed. Six phases of cooperative formation are presented including: 1) identifying the opportunity, 2) building consensus on the potential for a cooperative, 3) developing trust among potential members, 4) securing member commitment, 5) involving other

Brian M. Henehan; Bruce L. Anderson

2001-01-01

226

Manufacturing Demonstration Facility Technology Collaborations for US Manufacturers in Advanced  

E-print Network

Manufacturing Demonstration Facility Technology Collaborations for US Manufacturers in Advanced includes technology deployment that promotes use of advanced technologies and better energy management by the targeted project. Projects that focus on advanced manufacturing and materials technologies for commercial

Pennycook, Steve

227

Rapid small lot manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

The direct connection of information, captured in forms such as CAD databases, to the factory floor is enabling a revolution in manufacturing. Rapid response to very dynamic market conditions is becoming the norm rather than the exception. In order to provide economical rapid fabrication of small numbers of variable products, one must design with manufacturing constraints in mind. In addition, flexible manufacturing systems must be programmed automatically to reduce the time for product change over in the factory and eliminate human errors. Sensor based machine control is needed to adapt idealized, model based machine programs to uncontrolled variables such as the condition of raw materials and fabrication tolerances.

Harrigan, R.W.

1998-05-09

228

Plasma-aided manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present and potential applications of plasma-aided manufacturing are discussed and described. Plasma-aided manufacturing is used for producing new materials with unusual and superior properties, for developing new chemical compounds and processes, for machining, and for altering and refining materials and surfaces. Plasma-aided manufacturing has direct applications to semiconductor fabrication, materials synthesis, welding, lighting, polymers, anticorrosion coatings, machine tools, metallurgy, electrical and electronics devices, hazardous waste removal, high-performance ceramics, and many other items in both the high-technology and the more traditional industries in the United States.

Shohet, J. L.

1991-10-01

229

Synaptic Arrangements in the Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus of the Squirrel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because murine rodents have no complex synaptic arrangements in the ventral posterolateral nucleus (VPL), we sought to determine if the lack of complexity was a characteristic common to all rodents. We studied the synaptology of VPL in the fox squirrel, Sciurus niger, using electron microscopy. We found vesicle-containing dendrites and complex synaptic arrangements in the squirrel VPL. Therefore, the relative

J. Wells; B. C. Albright

1983-01-01

230

Cooling arrangement for water-cooled internal combustion engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cooling arrangement is described for a water-cooled internal combustion engine. The cooling arrangement comprises a radiator, a water jacket of the internal combustion engine, a cooling water passage for circulating the cooling between the radiator and the water jacket, and a cooling water temperature detecting means for outputting signal related to the cooling water temperature detecting means for outputting

T. Taguchi; M. Nakano; N. Hiramoto; H. Tominaga

1986-01-01

231

High-Level Filtering for Arrangements of Conic Arcs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Many computational geometry algorithms involve the construction and maintenanceof planar arrangements of conic arcs. Implementing a general, robust arrangementpackage for conic arcs handles most practical cases of planar arrangements covered inliterature, keeping in mind that line segments are also a degenerate form of conic arcs.

Ron Wein

2002-01-01

232

The Living Arrangement Dynamics of Sick, Elderly Individuals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We model the dynamics associated with living-arrangement decisions of sick elderly individuals. Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics? Parental Health Supplement, we construct the complete living-arrangement histories of elderly individuals in need of care. We use a simultaneous random-effects competing-risks model to analyze the impact of…

Dostie, Benoit; Leger, Pierre Thomas

2005-01-01

233

Living Arrangements and Family Formation Attitudes in Early Adulthood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of nonfamily living arrangements and cohabitation on changes in family formation attitudes at the individual level. Results indicate that both the experience and duration of cohabiting arrangements have significant effects on family formation attitudes but fail to show significant consequences of premarital, nonfamily living…

Axinn, William G.; Barber, Jennifer S.

1997-01-01

234

Financial Arrangements and Relationship Quality in Low-Income Couples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the association between household financial arrangements and relationship quality using a representative sample of low-income couples with children. We detailed the banking arrangements couples utilize, assessed which factors relate to holding a joint account versus joint and separate, only separate, or no account, and analyzed…

Addo, Fenaba R.; Sassler, Sharon

2010-01-01

235

COHOMOLOGY RINGS AND NILPOTENT QUOTIENTS OF REAL AND COMPLEX ARRANGEMENTS  

E-print Network

COHOMOLOGY RINGS AND NILPOTENT QUOTIENTS OF REAL AND COMPLEX ARRANGEMENTS DANIEL MATEI, and complements of arrangements of transverse planes in R4 --for which the above questions are amenable. Available at http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/math.GT/9812087. 1 #12;2 DANIEL MATEI AND ALEXANDER I. SUCIU Section 1

236

14 CFR 1215.112 - User/NASA contractual arrangement.  

...Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false User/NASA contractual arrangement. 1215.112 Section 1215.112...Policy for Non-U.S. Government Users § 1215.112 User/NASA contractual arrangement. No service shall be provided...

2014-01-01

237

A Unit Cell Laboratory Experiment: Marbles, Magnets, and Stacking Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An undergraduate first-semester general chemistry laboratory experiment introducing face-centered, body-centered, and simple cubic unit cells is presented. Emphasis is placed on the stacking arrangement of solid spheres used to produce a particular unit cell. Marbles and spherical magnets are employed to prepare each stacking arrangement. Packing…

Collins, David C.

2011-01-01

238

Trust, Identity and Beer Institutional Arrangements for Agricultural Labour in  

E-print Network

Trust, Identity and Beer Institutional Arrangements for Agricultural Labour in Isunga village/Repro, Uppsala 2013 #12;Trust, Identity and Beer: Institutional Arrangements for Agricultural Labour in Isunga. This is done under strict rules and rewarded with `good' beer and food. Against this background, the study asks

239

Institutional arrangements. [utilization of information derived from satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The practical application of space systems is considered in terms of institutional arrangements. The evolution of space systems is examined along with examples of institutional arrangements for space systems uses or applications. An institutional framework developed to assure the widest practicable application of space system is proposed and described. Recommendations are included.

1975-01-01

240

The Cooperative Monitoring Center: Achieving cooperative security objectives through technical collaborations  

SciTech Connect

The post cold war security environment poses both difficult challenges and encouraging opportunities. Some of the most difficult challenges are related to regional conflict and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. New and innovative approaches to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction are essential. More effort must be focused on underlying factors that motivate countries to seek weapons of mass destruction. Historically the emphasis has been on denial: denying information, denying technology, and denying materials necessary to build such weapons. Though still important, those efforts are increasingly perceived to be insufficient, and initiatives that address underlying motivational factors are needed. On the opportunity side, efforts to establish regional dialogue and confidence-building measures are increasing in many areas. Such efforts can result in cooperative agreements on security issues such as border control, demilitarized zones, weapons delivery systems, weapons of mass destruction free zones, environmental agreements, and resource sharing. In some cases, implementing such cooperative agreements will mean acquiring, analyzing, and sharing large quantities of data and sensitive information. These arrangements for ``cooperative monitoring`` are becoming increasingly important to the security of individual countries, regions, and international institutions. However, many countries lack sufficient technical and institutional infrastructure to take full advantage of these opportunities. Constructing a peaceful twenty-first century will require that technology is brought to bear in the most productive and innovative ways to meet the challenges of proliferation and to maximize the opportunities for cooperation.

Pregenzer, A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Nonproliferation and Arms Control Analysis Dept.

1996-08-01

241

Cooperative Banks and Financial Stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative banks are an important, and growing, part of many financial systems. This paper empirically analyzes the role of cooperative banks in financial stability. Contrary to some suggestions in the literature, we find that cooperative banks are more stable than commercial banks. This finding is due to the lower volatility of the cooperative banks' returns, which more than offsets their

Martin Cihák; Heiko Hesse

2007-01-01

242

Agile manufacturing concept  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The initial conceptualization of agile manufacturing was the result of a 1991 study -- chaired by Lehigh Professor Roger N. Nagel and California-based entrepreneur Rick Dove, President of Paradigm Shifts, International -- of what it would take for U.S. industry to regain global manufacturing competitiveness by the early twenty-first century. This industry-led study, reviewed by senior management at over 100 companies before its release, concluded that incremental improvement of the current system of manufacturing would not be enough to be competitive in today's global marketplace. Computer-based information and production technologies that were becoming available to industry opened up the possibility of an altogether new system of manufacturing, one that would be characterized by a distinctive integration of people and technologies; of management and labor; of customers, producers, suppliers, and society.

Goldman, Steven L.

1994-03-01

243

Materials and Manufacturing  

E-print Network

Castner Patricia Howell James Walker Friction Stir Welding Advancements Robert Ding Jim Butler Environment: It's More Than a Vacuum Lubert Leger Steven Koontz Chemical Fingerprinting Michael Killpack in engineering testing, flight analysis, and manufacturing processes. In many areas, materials innovations

244

Load-Adapted Design of Generative Manufactured Lattice Structures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Additive layer manufacturing offers many opportunities for the production of lightweight components, because of the high geometrical freedom that can be realized in comparison to conventional manufacturing processes. This potential gets demonstrated at the example of a bending beam. Therefore, a topology optimization is performed as well as the use of periodically arranged lattice structures. The latter ones show the constraint, that shear forces in the struts reduce the stiffness of the lattice. To avoid this, the structure has to be adapted to the flux of force. This thesis is supported by studies on a torqueloaded shaft.

Reinhart, Gunther; Teufelhart, Stefan

245

Continuous flow manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As competitive pressures continue to test the viability of every manufacturing enterprise, an ongoing program of operational improvement is essential. Continuous Flow Manufacturing (CFM) is a methodology created and practiced by IBM to meet this need. CFM combines the elements of total quality control, total people involvement and the elimination of waste to insure continuous attention to enhancements of manufacturing efficiency. This paper provides an overview of CFM and suggests six generic areas of every manufacturing line where the CFM approach can be used. The CFM methodology has been applied to an IBM internal business unit that manufactures photomasks used for semiconductor production. In 1984, serviceability and quality measurements in ths business unit were unacceptably low; and business measurements were nonexistent. CFM provided the framework for dramatic operational improvements in this business unit. Today, serviceability in the 90% to 100% range is routinely achieved. Delivery times have been more that cut in half, while superlative quality mesruements have been attained. Finally, cost reductions have been realized in an environment of ever-increasing technological challenge. Plans for future improvements using the CFM method are in place. The goal of all manufacturing endeavors has always been, and still is, ongoing operation improvement. CFM offers a structured methodology for pursuing this goal.

Bowers, George H., Jr.

1991-03-01

246

Does intuition cause cooperation?  

PubMed

Recently, researchers claimed that people are intuitively inclined to cooperate with reflection causing them to behave selfishly. Empirical support for this claim came from experiments using a 4-player public goods game with a marginal return of 0.5 showing that people contributed more money to a common project when they had to decide quickly (i.e., a decision based on intuition) than when they were instructed to reflect and decide slowly. This intuitive-cooperation effect is of high scientific and practical importance because it argues against a central assumption of traditional economic and evolutionary models. The first experiment of present study was set up to examine the generality of the intuitive-cooperation effect and to further validate the experimental task producing the effect. In Experiment 1, we investigated Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) workers' contributions to a 4-player public goods game with a marginal return of 0.5 while we manipulated the knowledge about the other players' contribution to the public goods game (contribution known vs. contribution unknown), the identity of the other players (humans vs. computers randomly generating contributions) and the time constraint (time pressure/intuition vs. forced delay/reflection). However, the results of Experiment 1 failed to reveal an intuitive-cooperation effect. Furthermore, four subsequent direct replications attempts with AMT workers (Experiments 2a, 2b, 2c and Experiment 3, which was conducted with naïve/inexperienced participants) also failed to demonstrate intuitive-cooperation effects. Taken together, the results of the present study could not corroborate the idea that people are intuitively cooperative, hence suggesting that the theoretical relationship between intuition and cooperation should be further scrutinized. PMID:24801381

Verkoeijen, Peter P J L; Bouwmeester, Samantha

2014-01-01

247

Does Intuition Cause Cooperation?  

PubMed Central

Recently, researchers claimed that people are intuitively inclined to cooperate with reflection causing them to behave selfishly. Empirical support for this claim came from experiments using a 4-player public goods game with a marginal return of 0.5 showing that people contributed more money to a common project when they had to decide quickly (i.e., a decision based on intuition) than when they were instructed to reflect and decide slowly. This intuitive-cooperation effect is of high scientific and practical importance because it argues against a central assumption of traditional economic and evolutionary models. The first experiment of present study was set up to examine the generality of the intuitive-cooperation effect and to further validate the experimental task producing the effect. In Experiment 1, we investigated Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) workers' contributions to a 4-player public goods game with a marginal return of 0.5 while we manipulated the knowledge about the other players' contribution to the public goods game (contribution known vs. contribution unknown), the identity of the other players (humans vs. computers randomly generating contributions) and the time constraint (time pressure/intuition vs. forced delay/reflection). However, the results of Experiment 1 failed to reveal an intuitive-cooperation effect. Furthermore, four subsequent direct replications attempts with AMT workers (Experiments 2a, 2b, 2c and Experiment 3, which was conducted with naïve/inexperienced participants) also failed to demonstrate intuitive-cooperation effects. Taken together, the results of the present study could not corroborate the idea that people are intuitively cooperative, hence suggesting that the theoretical relationship between intuition and cooperation should be further scrutinized. PMID:24801381

Verkoeijen, Peter P. J. L.; Bouwmeester, Samantha

2014-01-01

248

International Cooperation at NASA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

International cooperation is a cornerstone principle of NASA’s activities, especially within the activities of the Science Mission Directorate. Nearly two thirds of the flight missions in which NASA leads or participates involve international cooperation. Numerous ground based activities also rely on international cooperation, whether because of unique expertise, unique geography, or the need for a global response. Going forward, in an era of tighter budgets and a more integrated global perspective, NASA and the rest of the space agencies around the world will be forced to work more closely together, in a broader array of activities than ever before, in order to be able to afford to push the boundaries of space exploration. The goal of this presentation is to provide an overview of NASA’s current international science cooperative activities. It will include a discussion of why NASA conducts international cooperation and look at the mechanisms through which international cooperation can occur at NASA, including peer-to-peer development of relationships. It will also discuss some of the limiting factors of international cooperation, such as export control, and ways in which to manage those constraints. Finally, the presentation would look at some of the present examples where NASA is working to increase international cooperation and improve coordination. Case studies will be used to demonstrate these mechanisms and concepts. For example, NASA continues to participate in international coordination groups such as the International Mars Exploration Working Group (IMEWG) and International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG), but is expanding into new areas as well. NASA is one of the leaders in expanding and improving international coordination in the area of Near-Earth Object detection, characterization, and mitigation. Having participated in the first meetings of such groups as the International Asteroid Warning Network (IAWN) and Space Missions Planning Advisory Group (SMPAG), NASA is placing an ever greater emphasis on sharing information among members and working to avoid duplication of effort for the betterment of all humanity. International cooperation at NASA takes many forms. In some cases NASA leads, while in other cases it follows the lead of our many international partners, all in the name of obtaining the best science. In many cases, truly stellar partnerships emerge. In a few cases, the partnership is ended before it can flourish. But in all cases, the partners are learning to work more closely together so that in the future, our partnerships will yield ever better results.

Tawney, Timothy; Feldstein, Karen

249

Optical fiber arrangement of optical topography for spatial resolution improvement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In medical instrumentation, optical topography (OT) refers to the use of near-infrared spectroscopy for measuring brain function in systems. Arrays of optical fibers are attached to the scalps of subjects; infrared light is passed through the fibers, and changes in the reflections depict blood-volume changes in the cortex. In this study, the spatial resolution and locational accuracy of topographical images obtained by three arrangements of optical fibers was analyzed through simulation. Three arrangements, a "lattice arrangement" (LA), "double-density arrangement" (DA), and "quadruple density arrangement" (QA) were investigated. The density of spatial-sapling points is higher in the DA and QA than in the LA, i.e. the distance between sampling points for these arrangements were 21, 15 and 11 mm, respectively. The efficacy of these arrangements was evaluated. An adult head-structure phantom was prepared. The absorption coefficient in the phantom was varied to simulate brain activation in the cortex, and the resulting absorbance change (?OD) was thus obtained. The 'activated' area in the overall measurement area was fixed and the ?OD at each of the sampling point in each arrangement was obtained. The resulting distributions of ?OD were spatially interpolated to obtain topographical images. The spatial resolution and locational accuracy was obtained for each of the images; the results indicated that the DA is the most efficacious of the three arrangements. An experimental DA-OT system was then built. Topographical images of motor-function activation obtained by this system and a commercial LA-based system were compared; the DA-OT system provided the higher spatial resolution.

Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Okada, Eiji; Kawaguchi, Fumio; Maki, Atsushi; Yamada, Yukio; Koizumi, Hideaki

2003-07-01

250

Research on the Impact of Manufacturing Competence on Manufacturing Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research on competitive priorities has been focused on the field of manufacturing strategy in the last 20 years. Based on the literature of manufacturing strategy competitive priorities (manufacturing competence), we develop a relationship model consists of time, cost, quality and innovation, and depict how these four dimensions of competitive priorities in combination affect the manufacturing performance. Moreover, we propose

P. Li; J. X. Shi; Z. Y. Qi; L. Zhang; Q. Jia

2006-01-01

251

Tortilla Manufacturing: 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing Industry Series  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Commerce Census Bureau has released the few in a series of several hundred reports on individual industries in the manufacturing sector from the 1997 Economic Census. According to the 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series on Tortilla Manufacturing, over half of all US tortilla manufacturers are located in Texas and California.

1999-01-01

252

1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series: Ice Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This data from the US Department of Commerce Census Bureau constitutes the one of the first in a series of several hundred reports on individual industries in the manufacturing sector from the 1997 Economic Census. According to the 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series on Ice Manufacturing, Texas expended the most on ice manufacturing in 1997.

253

Designing a Miniature Wheel Arrangement for Mobile Robot Platforms  

E-print Network

In this research report details of design of a miniature wheel arrangement are presented. This miniature wheel arrangement is essentially a direction control mechanism intended for use on a mobile robot platform or base. The design is a specific one employing a stepper motor as actuator and as described can only be used on a certain type of wheeled robots. However as a basic steering control element, more than one of these miniature wheel arrangements can be grouped together to implement more elaborate and intelligent direction control schemes on varying configurations of wheeled mobile robot platforms.

Kayani, Saheeb Ahmed

2011-01-01

254

Cooper Pairs in Insulators?!  

SciTech Connect

Nearly 50 years elapsed between the discovery of superconductivity and the emergence of the microscopic theory describing this zero resistance state. The explanation required a novel phase of matter in which conduction electrons joined in weakly bound pairs and condensed with other pairs into a single quantum state. Surprisingly, this Cooper pair formation has also been invoked to account for recently uncovered high-resistance or insulating phases of matter. To address this possibility, we have used nanotechnology to create an insulating system that we can probe directly for Cooper pairs. I will present the evidence that Cooper pairs exist and dominate the electrical transport in these insulators and I will discuss how these findings provide new insight into superconductor to insulator quantum phase transitions. 

James Valles

2008-07-23

255

Cooper Pairs in Insulators?!  

SciTech Connect

Nearly 50 years elapsed between the discovery of superconductivity and the emergence of the microscopic theory describing this zero resistance state. The explanation required a novel phase of matter in which conduction electrons joined in weakly bound pairs and condensed with other pairs into a single quantum state. Surprisingly, this Cooper pair formation has also been invoked to account for recently uncovered high-resistance or insulating phases of matter. To address this possibility, we have used nanotechnology to create an insulating system that we can probe directly for Cooper pairs. I will present the evidence that Cooper pairs exist and dominate the electrical transport in these insulators and I will discuss how these findings provide new insight into superconductor to insulator quantum phase transitions.

Valles, James (Brown University) [Brown University

2008-07-23

256

Cooper Pairs in Insulators?!  

ScienceCinema

Nearly 50 years elapsed between the discovery of superconductivity and the emergence of the microscopic theory describing this zero resistance state. The explanation required a novel phase of matter in which conduction electrons joined in weakly bound pairs and condensed with other pairs into a single quantum state. Surprisingly, this Cooper pair formation has also been invoked to account for recently uncovered high-resistance or insulating phases of matter. To address this possibility, we have used nanotechnology to create an insulating system that we can probe directly for Cooper pairs. I will present the evidence that Cooper pairs exist and dominate the electrical transport in these insulators and I will discuss how these findings provide new insight into superconductor to insulator quantum phase transitions. 

James Valles

2010-01-08

257

National Center for Manufacturing Sciences: Environmentally conscious manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this presentation is to share the results and some of the thinking of the Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing - Strategic Initiative Group (ECM-SIG) at the National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS). NCMS is a consortium of more than 185 North American Manufacturing organizations comprised of about 75 percent for profit manufacturing companies and about 25 percent nonprofit organizations that support manufacturing activities. NCMS conducts collaborative R&D programs designed to improve global competitiveness of its members and other North American manufacturers to address common issues that are important to manufacturing industries. NCMS is an industry driven organization whose agenda is established by industry with input from appropriate government agencies.

Vinton, Clare

1995-01-01

258

NASA's National Center for Advanced Manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA has designated the Principal Center Assignment to the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) for implementation of the National Center for Advanced Manufacturing (NCAM). NCAM is NASA s leading resource for the aerospace manufacturing research, development, and innovation needs that are critical to the goals of the Agency. Through this initiative NCAM s people work together with government, industry, and academia to ensure the technology base and national infrastructure are available to develop innovative manufacturing technologies with broad application to NASA Enterprise programs, and U.S. industry. Educational enhancements are ever-present within the NCAM focus to promote research, to inspire participation and to support education and training in manufacturing. Many important accomplishments took place during 2002. Through NCAM, NASA was among five federal agencies involved in manufacturing research and development (R&D) to launch a major effort to exchange information and cooperate directly to enhance the payoffs from federal investments. The Government Agencies Technology Exchange in Manufacturing (GATE-M) is the only active effort to specifically and comprehensively address manufacturing R&D across the federal government. Participating agencies include the departments of Commerce (represented by the National Institute of Standards and Technology), Defense, and Energy, as well as the National Science Foundation and NASA. MSFC s ongoing partnership with the State of Louisiana, the University of New Orleans, and Lockheed Martin Corporation at the Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) progressed significantly. Major capital investments were initiated for world-class equipment additions including a universal friction stir welding system, composite fiber placement machine, five-axis machining center, and ten-axis laser ultrasonic nondestructive test system. The NCAM consortium of five universities led by University of New Orleans with Mississippi State University, Tennessee Technological University, Texas A&M University, and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University provided wide-ranging engineering research, new degree/curriculum programs, and a web-based lecture series. NCAM has fostered an important presence and leadership role within the national manufacturing community. Its progressive influence can be seen in government, industry and academia, and in national associations, professional organizations, conferences, workshops, and forums.

Vickers, John

2003-01-01

259

Manufacturing: Cluster Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is one of a series of publications focusing on the occupational preparation of persons with special education needs. The material was developed and tested by cooperating teachers over a period of three years. Task analysis information is presented using occupational descriptions from the Dictionary Titles, covering entry level…

Central Michigan Univ., Mount Pleasant.

260

Neural basis of conditional cooperation  

PubMed Central

Cooperation among genetically unrelated individuals is a fundamental aspect of society, but it has been a longstanding puzzle in biological and social sciences. Recently, theoretical studies in biology and economics showed that conditional cooperation—cooperating only with those who have exhibited cooperative behavior—can spread over a society. Furthermore, experimental studies in psychology demonstrated that people are actually conditional cooperators. In this study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the neural system underlying conditional cooperation by scanning participants during interaction with cooperative, neutral and non-cooperative opponents in prisoner's dilemma games. The results showed that: (i) participants cooperated more frequently with both cooperative and neutral opponents than with non-cooperative opponents; and (ii) a brain area related to cognitive inhibition of pre-potent responses (right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex) showed greater activation, especially when participants confronted non-cooperative opponents. Consequently, we suggest that cognitive inhibition of the motivation to cooperate with non-cooperators drives the conditional behavior. PMID:20501484

Niki, Kazuhisa; Fujisaki, Syoken; Akiyama, Eizo

2011-01-01

261

A Taxonomy of Manufacturing Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and analysis of a numerical taxonomy of manufacturing strategies. The taxonomy was developed with standard methods of cluster analysis, and is based on the relative importance attached to eleven competitive capabilities defining the manufacturing task of 164 large American manufacturing business units. Three distinct clusters of manufacturing strategy groups were observed. Though there is an

Jeffrey G. Miller; Aleda V. Roth

1994-01-01

262

Enabling exploration through automated manufacture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automated manufacturing has the capacity to reduce costs for space exploration, enable initial technology exploration and further improvement of technological capabilities. Current manufacturing techniques can be adapted to create simple nanosatellites (e.g. CubeSats). Early automated manufacturing efforts with nanosats will provide important experience and techniques, paving the way for additional capabilities. Future manufacturing will allow more complex systems and modification

J. J. Hansen

2011-01-01

263

28 CFR 550.44 - Procedures for arranging drug counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Procedures for arranging drug counseling. 550.44 Section 550.44 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT DRUG PROGRAMS Drug Services (Urine Surveillance and...

2010-07-01

264

48 CFR 47.305-13 - Transit arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...incorporating transit arrangements shall be restricted to f.o.b. origin offers, as f.o.b. destination offers can only quote fixed overall delivered prices at first destination. (3)(i) Traffic management personnel shall furnish...

2010-10-01

265

9. DREDGE ARRANGEMENT ALLOWS FOR TWO DREDGE BASKETS TO BE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. DREDGE ARRANGEMENT ALLOWS FOR TWO DREDGE BASKETS TO BE OUT AT ALTERNATING TIMES. WHILE STARBOARD IS HAULED IN, PORT IS RELEASED OUT TO DREDGE. - KATHRYN-Two-sail Bateau "Skipjack", Dogwood Harbor, Chesapeake Bay, Tilghman, Talbot County, MD

266

53. NEW BCB AND LIGHTNING ARRESTER ARRANGEMENT, SANTA ANA RIVER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

53. NEW BCB AND LIGHTNING ARRESTER ARRANGEMENT, SANTA ANA RIVER NO. 2, JAN. 24, 1977. SCE drawing no. 455670-0. - Santa Ana River Hydroelectric System, SAR-2 Powerhouse, Redlands, San Bernardino County, CA

267

Room 106, A laboratory with longitudinal arrangement of benches. View ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Room 106, A laboratory with longitudinal arrangement of benches. View to west. - San Bernardino Valley College, Life Science Building, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

268

PLENUM INTERIOR, SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF DRAFT REGULATORS AND FLUES. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

PLENUM INTERIOR, SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF DRAFT REGULATORS AND FLUES. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Superior Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

269

3. PLENUM INTERIOR, SHOWING DRAFT REGULATOR ARRANGEMENT AND STARTER MOTOR. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. PLENUM INTERIOR, SHOWING DRAFT REGULATOR ARRANGEMENT AND STARTER MOTOR. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Lamar Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

270

14 CFR 23.1321 - Arrangement and visibility.  

...Installation § 23.1321 Arrangement and visibility. (a) Each flight, navigation, and powerplant instrument for use by any required pilot during takeoff, initial climb, final approach, and landing must be located so that any...

2014-01-01

271

92. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM CENTRAL CONTROL STATION GENERAL ARRANGEMENT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

92. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM - CENTRAL CONTROL STATION - GENERAL ARRANGEMENT OF MACHINERY (ML-5-71/1-FS), January 1934 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 5, Minneiska, Winona County, MN

272

46 CFR 108.545 - Marine evacuation system launching arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Marine evacuation system launching arrangements. 108.545 Section 108.545 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...UNITS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT Lifesaving Equipment § 108.545 Marine evacuation system launching...

2010-10-01

273

46 CFR 108.555 - Lifeboat launching and recovery arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Lifeboat launching and recovery arrangements. 108.555 Section 108.555 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...UNITS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT Lifesaving Equipment § 108.555 Lifeboat launching and recovery...

2010-10-01

274

8. INTERIOR, LOOKING SOUTHEAST: HOPPER, HORSE, AND HOOP ARRANGEMENT ON ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. INTERIOR, LOOKING SOUTHEAST: HOPPER, HORSE, AND HOOP ARRANGEMENT ON LEFT, GARNER IN CENTER, AND CROWN WHEEL ON RIGHT - Lefferts Tide Mill, Huntington Harbor, Southdown Road, Huntington, Suffolk County, NY

275

45 CFR 400.72 - Arrangements for employability services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for...arrangements as are necessary to enable refugees to meet the requirements of, and...

2010-10-01

276

14 CFR 399.5 - Arrangement of policy statements.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Arrangement of policy statements. 399.5 Section 399.5 ...OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) POLICY STATEMENTS STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY Applicability and Effects of Policy...

2014-01-01

277

14 CFR 399.5 - Arrangement of policy statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Arrangement of policy statements. 399.5 Section 399.5 ...OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) POLICY STATEMENTS STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY Applicability and Effects of Policy...

2011-01-01

278

14 CFR 399.5 - Arrangement of policy statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Arrangement of policy statements. 399.5 Section 399.5 ...OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) POLICY STATEMENTS STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY Applicability and Effects of Policy...

2010-01-01

279

14 CFR 399.5 - Arrangement of policy statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Arrangement of policy statements. 399.5 Section 399.5 ...OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) POLICY STATEMENTS STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY Applicability and Effects of Policy...

2012-01-01

280

14 CFR 399.5 - Arrangement of policy statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Arrangement of policy statements. 399.5 Section 399.5 ...OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) POLICY STATEMENTS STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY Applicability and Effects of Policy...

2013-01-01

281

48 CFR 2101.104-2 - Arrangement of regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Arrangement of regulations. 2101.104-2 Section 2101.104-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT,...

2010-10-01

282

48 CFR 2401.105-2 - Arrangement of regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Arrangement of regulations. 2401.105-2 Section 2401.105-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

2010-10-01

283

24 CFR 3500.15 - Affiliated business arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ownership interest or franchise relationship. (i) In an affiliated business arrangement: (A) Bona fide...2602(8)). (2) Affiliate relationship means the relationship among business entities where one entity...

2010-04-01

284

13. Photo copy of drawing, Feb. 5, 1912. ARRANGEMENT OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Photo copy of drawing, Feb. 5, 1912. ARRANGEMENT OF POWER HOUSE EQUIPMENT. Drawing No. 9053. Facilities Engineering, Army Materials Technology Laboratory, Watertown, Massachusetts. - Watertown Arsenal, Building No. 60, Arsenal Street, Watertown, Middlesex County, MA

285

12. Photo copy of drawing, Feb. 5, 1912. ARRANGEMENT OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Photo copy of drawing, Feb. 5, 1912. ARRANGEMENT OF POWER HOUSE EQUIPMENT. Drawing No. 9053. Facilities Engineering, Army Materials Technology Laboratory, Watertown, Massachusetts. - Watertown Arsenal, Building No. 60, Arsenal Street, Watertown, Middlesex County, MA

286

29 CFR 780.126 - Contract arrangements for raising poultry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT General Scope of Agriculture Raising of Livestock, Bees, Fur-Bearing Animals, Or Poultry § 780.126 Contract arrangements for raising poultry. Feed dealers and...

2011-07-01

287

29 CFR 780.126 - Contract arrangements for raising poultry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT General Scope of Agriculture Raising of Livestock, Bees, Fur-Bearing Animals, Or Poultry § 780.126 Contract arrangements for raising poultry. Feed dealers and...

2012-07-01

288

29 CFR 780.126 - Contract arrangements for raising poultry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT General Scope of Agriculture Raising of Livestock, Bees, Fur-Bearing Animals, Or Poultry § 780.126 Contract arrangements for raising poultry. Feed dealers and...

2010-07-01

289

29 CFR 780.126 - Contract arrangements for raising poultry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT General Scope of Agriculture Raising of Livestock, Bees, Fur-Bearing Animals, Or Poultry § 780.126 Contract arrangements for raising poultry. Feed dealers and...

2013-07-01

290

46 CFR 133.145 - Marine evacuation system launching arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...arrangements: (1) Each marine evacuation system must be capable...by one person. (2) Each marine evacuation system must enable...minutes from the time an abandon-ship signal is given. (3) Each marine evacuation system must...

2011-10-01

291

46 CFR 133.145 - Marine evacuation system launching arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...arrangements: (1) Each marine evacuation system must be capable...by one person. (2) Each marine evacuation system must enable...minutes from the time an abandon-ship signal is given. (3) Each marine evacuation system must...

2010-10-01

292

46 CFR 199.145 - Marine evacuation system launching arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...All Vessels § 199.145 Marine evacuation system launching... (a) Arrangements. Each marine evacuation system must— ...vessel from the time an abandon-ship signal is given; (3) Be...attached to and released from the marine evacuation system...

2010-10-01

293

46 CFR 133.145 - Marine evacuation system launching arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...arrangements: (1) Each marine evacuation system must be capable...by one person. (2) Each marine evacuation system must enable...minutes from the time an abandon-ship signal is given. (3) Each marine evacuation system must...

2012-10-01

294

46 CFR 199.145 - Marine evacuation system launching arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...All Vessels § 199.145 Marine evacuation system launching... (a) Arrangements. Each marine evacuation system must— ...vessel from the time an abandon-ship signal is given; (3) Be...attached to and released from the marine evacuation system...

2012-10-01

295

46 CFR 199.145 - Marine evacuation system launching arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...All Vessels § 199.145 Marine evacuation system launching... (a) Arrangements. Each marine evacuation system must— ...vessel from the time an abandon-ship signal is given; (3) Be...attached to and released from the marine evacuation system...

2011-10-01

296

72. ARRANGEMENT OF SLUICE GATES AND HOISTS, DIVERSION DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

72. ARRANGEMENT OF SLUICE GATES AND HOISTS, DIVERSION DAM - POWER CANAL Courtesy of U.S.G.S., Reclamation Service, Salt River Project - Roosevelt Power Canal & Diversion Dam, Parallels Salt River, Roosevelt, Gila County, AZ

297

ARCHITECTURAL, 777M, PHYSICS ASSEMBLY LABORATORY BUILDING, EQUIPMENT ARRANGEMENT ? SECTIONS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

ARCHITECTURAL, 777-M, PHYSICS ASSEMBLY LABORATORY BUILDING, EQUIPMENT ARRANGEMENT ? SECTIONS ?B? AND ?C? (W157132) - Physics Assembly Laboratory, Area A/M, Savannah River Site, Aiken, Aiken County, SC

298

29 CFR 780.126 - Contract arrangements for raising poultry.  

...COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT General Scope of Agriculture Raising of Livestock, Bees, Fur-Bearing Animals, Or Poultry § 780.126 Contract arrangements for raising poultry. Feed dealers and...

2014-07-01

299

Environmentally sound manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA/Thiokol/industry team has developed and started implementation of an environmentally sound manufacturing plan for the continued production of solid rocket motors. They have worked with other industry representatives and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to prepare a comprehensive plan to eliminate all ozone depleting chemicals from manufacturing processes and to reduce the use of other hazardous materials used to produce the space shuttle reusable solid rocket motors. The team used a classical approach for problem solving combined with a creative synthesis of new approaches to attack this problem. As our ability to gather data on the state of the Earth's environmental health increases, environmentally sound manufacturing must become an integral part of the business decision making process.

Caddy, Larry A.; Bowman, Ross; Richards, Rex A.

300

Environmentally sound manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA/Thiokol/industry team has developed and started implementation of an environmentally sound manufacturing plan for the continued production of solid rocket motors. They have worked with other industry representatives and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to prepare a comprehensive plan to eliminate all ozone depleting chemicals from manufacturing processes and to reduce the use of other hazardous materials used to produce the space shuttle reusable solid rocket motors. The team used a classical approach for problem solving combined with a creative synthesis of new approaches to attack this problem. As our ability to gather data on the state of the Earth's environmental health increases, environmentally sound manufacturing must become an integral part of the business decision making process.

Caddy, Larry A.; Bowman, Ross; Richards, Rex A.

1994-01-01

301

Manufacturing Laboratory (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes the purpose, lab specifications, applications scenarios, and information on how to partner with NREL's Manufacturing Laboratory at the Energy Systems Integration Facility. The Manufacturing Laboratory at NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) focuses on developing methods and technologies that will assist manufacturers of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, as well as other renewable energy technologies, to scale up their manufacturing capabilities to volumes that meet DOE and industry targets. Specifically, the manufacturing activity is currently focused on developing and validating quality control techniques to assist manufacturers of low temperature and high temperature fuel cells in the transition from low to high volume production methods for cells and stacks. Capabilities include initial proof-of-concept studies through prototype system development and in-line validation. Existing diagnostic capabilities address a wide range of materials, including polymer films, carbon and catalyst coatings, carbon fiber papers and wovens, and multi-layer assemblies of these materials, as well as ceramic-based materials in pre- or post-fired forms. Work leading to the development of non-contact, non-destructive techniques to measure critical dimensional and functional properties of fuel cell and other materials, and validation of those techniques on the continuous processing line. This work will be supported by materials provided by our partners. Looking forward, the equipment in the laboratory is set up to be modified and extended to provide processing capabilities such as coating, casting, and deposition of functional layers, as well as associated processes such as drying or curing. In addition, continuous processes are used for components of organic and thin film photovoltaics (PV) as well as battery technologies, so synergies with these important areas will be explored.

Not Available

2011-10-01

302

Synaptic arrangements in the ventral posterolateral nucleus of the squirrel.  

PubMed

Because murine rodents have no complex synaptic arrangements in the ventral posterolateral nucleus (VPL), we sought to determine if the lack of complexity was a characteristic common to all rodents. We studied the synaptology of VPL in the fox squirrel, Sciurus niger, using electron microscopy. We found vesicle-containing dendrites and complex synaptic arrangements in the squirrel VPL. Therefore, the relative simplicity of the rat and mouse VPL is not a general feature of the rodent somatosensory thalamus. PMID:6616170

Wells, J; Albright, B C

1983-01-01

303

Accounting for product financing arrangements by oil and gas producers  

SciTech Connect

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has developed the Statement of Financial2 Accounting Standards (SFAS) Nos. 47 and 49 to help practitioners in accounting for and disclosing product financing arrangements in the oil and gas industry. SFAS No. 47 is a disclosure document only, while SFAS No. 49 specifies the accounting treatment for certain arrangements. The authors describe and give examples to show how practitioners can implement the substantive provisions of the documents.

Munter, P.; Ratcliffe, T.A.

1983-03-01

304

Petri net-based modeling of switching arrangements and simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a Petri net-based method of switching arrangements for substation switching actions considering a variety of substation security regulations. Based on Petri nets, we study the reachability problem of the switching arrangements for a single-line substation diagram which contains a series of switching bays. A new decomposition approach is applied to developing a synthetical rule\\/case-based programming formulation to

Xiaoping Liao; XinFang Zhang; Juan Jiang

2005-01-01

305

Sunk Cost and Commitment to Dates Arranged Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of prior, irretrievable, investment (sunk cost) on commitment to a date arranged online was investigated. Participants\\u000a were recruited from an undergraduate population. There were 145 participants (86 female) with a mean age of 19.42 years. Participants\\u000a took part in a computer simulation of the process of arranging a date online. Participants invested one of five amounts of\\u000a sunk cost

Martin D. Coleman

2009-01-01

306

Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Composed of thirteen vehicle manufacturers, the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers is an advocacy group for the automobile industry with special focuses on vehicle safety and the environment. Its Web site is loaded with information about emerging technologies, fuel facts, and safety data. One outstanding resource is the Driver Focus Guidelines report, found in the Vehicle Safety section. This report, released last month, discusses the best practices of "driver interactions with future in-vehicle information and communications systems" such as cellular phones and navigation systems. There are many other features on the site, like detailed descriptions of alternative fuel vehicles, hybrid and fully electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles.

2002-01-01

307

Mobile Manufacturers Forum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of the Mobile Manufacturer's Forum, an international association of several leading "radio communications equipment manufacturers." Its purpose is to inform the general public about health policies and standards regarding radio frequency (RF) energy emitted by mobile phones and base stations. There are several documents and press releases that can be accessed on the Web site. One in particular, called the Health Policy Update, outlines the research findings of government agencies and independent organizations. These include recommendations for safe design and use, and assessments of health risks associated with cellular phones and other RF devices. An overview of mobile phone technology is also presented.

1998-01-01

308

Advanced Integrated Manufacturing Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A 15,000 sq. ft. state of the art model factory is the centerpiece of the Advanced Integrated Manufacturing (AIM) Center, which offers workforce development, production support, and process improvement services for local industry. In addition to the factory, which companies may utilize for their production needs, the AIM Center also offers Lean Manufacturing workshops (on-site or at the AIM Center). Other workshops, such as CNC programming, CAD/CAM training, injection molding, safety, project management, setup reduction/quick change, value stream mapping, 5S/visual controls, work place organization, lean office, workflow improvement, simulation modeling for workflow, and quality assurance, are also available.

Dilley, David

2009-11-02

309

Photovoltaic manufacturing technology  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies steps leading to manufacturing large volumes of low-cost, large-area photovoltaic (PV) modules. Both crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon technologies were studied. Cost reductions for each step were estimated and compared to Solarex Corporation's manufacturing costs. A cost model, a simple version of the SAMICS methodology developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), projected PV selling prices. Actual costs of materials, labor, product yield, etc., were used in the cost model. The JPL cost model compared potential ways of lowering costs. Solarex identified the most difficult technical challenges that, if overcome, would reduce costs. Preliminary research plans were developed to solve the technical problems. 13 refs.

Wohlgemuth, J.H.; Whitehouse, D.; Wiedeman, S.; Catalano, A.W.; Oswald, R. (Solarex Corp., Frederick, MD (United States))

1991-12-01

310

Cooperative DNA Binding and Sequence-Selective Recognition Conferred by the STAT Amino-Terminal Domain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

STAT proteins (signal transducers and activators of transcription) activate distinct target genes despite having similar DNA binding preferences. The transcriptional specificity of STAT proteins was investigated on natural STAT binding sites near the interferon-gamma gene. These sites are arranged in multiple copies and required cooperative interactions for STAT binding. The conserved amino-terminal domain of STAT proteins was required for cooperative DNA binding, although this domain was not essential for dimerization or binding to a single site. Cooperative binding interactions enabled the STAT proteins to recognize variations of the consensus site. These sites can be specific for the different STAT proteins and may function to direct selective transcriptional activation.

Xu, Xiang; Sun, Ya-Lin; Hoey, Timothy

1996-08-01

311

Cooperating with the future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Overexploitation of renewable resources today has a high cost on the welfare of future generations. Unlike in other public goods games, however, future generations cannot reciprocate actions made today. What mechanisms can maintain cooperation with the future? To answer this question, we devise a new experimental paradigm, the `Intergenerational Goods Game'. A line-up of successive groups (generations) can each either extract a resource to exhaustion or leave something for the next group. Exhausting the resource maximizes the payoff for the present generation, but leaves all future generations empty-handed. Here we show that the resource is almost always destroyed if extraction decisions are made individually. This failure to cooperate with the future is driven primarily by a minority of individuals who extract far more than what is sustainable. In contrast, when extractions are democratically decided by vote, the resource is consistently sustained. Voting is effective for two reasons. First, it allows a majority of cooperators to restrain defectors. Second, it reassures conditional cooperators that their efforts are not futile. Voting, however, only promotes sustainability if it is binding for all involved. Our results have implications for policy interventions designed to sustain intergenerational public goods.

Hauser, Oliver P.; Rand, David G.; Peysakhovich, Alexander; Nowak, Martin A.

2014-07-01

312

[Cooperative Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Adams State College Teacher Education Center at Los Alamos was established cooperatively by the College and the Los Alamos Public Schools. The center provides students in the elementary education program, over a span of two consecutive college quarters, the opportunity to complete the equivalent of 30-36 quarter hours of work in professional…

Adams State Coll. of Colorado, Alamosa.

313

Cooperating with the future.  

PubMed

Overexploitation of renewable resources today has a high cost on the welfare of future generations. Unlike in other public goods games, however, future generations cannot reciprocate actions made today. What mechanisms can maintain cooperation with the future? To answer this question, we devise a new experimental paradigm, the 'Intergenerational Goods Game'. A line-up of successive groups (generations) can each either extract a resource to exhaustion or leave something for the next group. Exhausting the resource maximizes the payoff for the present generation, but leaves all future generations empty-handed. Here we show that the resource is almost always destroyed if extraction decisions are made individually. This failure to cooperate with the future is driven primarily by a minority of individuals who extract far more than what is sustainable. In contrast, when extractions are democratically decided by vote, the resource is consistently sustained. Voting is effective for two reasons. First, it allows a majority of cooperators to restrain defectors. Second, it reassures conditional cooperators that their efforts are not futile. Voting, however, only promotes sustainability if it is binding for all involved. Our results have implications for policy interventions designed to sustain intergenerational public goods. PMID:25008530

Hauser, Oliver P; Rand, David G; Peysakhovich, Alexander; Nowak, Martin A

2014-07-10

314

Cooperative learning in simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, class periods have meant that students listen to a professor lecture for about an hour. Co- operative learning can replace some of that lecture time with methods designed to get students actively involved during the class period. In this article, I highlight some methods of cooperative learning and suggest ways of integrating it into simulation study. Detailed examples are

Harriet Black Nembhard

1997-01-01

315

Constructing Cooperative Logic Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complexities involved in writing mathematics problems and a cooperative learning activity that gives students the challenge of writing mathematical logic problems for their peers is discussed. Making students construct mathematics problems taps into several important skills in mathematics and students are asked to consider what it means to…

Munakata, Mika

2005-01-01

316

Editorial: Cooperative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current issue of the Journal opens with a co-operative review over eight years from eight centres in Ireland of restorative procto-colectomy carried out in 106 patients. It was determined that this series represents approximately 85% of all such cases carried out in Ireland over this period which would therefore total 124 operations giving an average of 15 per year,

T. F. Gorey

1990-01-01

317

WORK PROGRAMME 2009 COOPERATION  

E-print Network

the competitiveness of Europe's industries. 5.1. CONTEXT The European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET: KNOWLEDGE FOR ENERGY POLICY MAKING ................... 28 ACTIVITY ENERGY.10: HORIZONTAL PROGRAMME ACTIONSWORK PROGRAMME 2009 COOPERATION THEME 5 ENERGY (European Commission C(2008)6827 of 17 November 2008

Milano-Bicocca, Università

318

WORK PROGRAMME 2009 COOPERATION  

E-print Network

.................................................................... 43 Area 2.3.2 Marine and fresh-water biotechnology (blue biotechnologyWORK PROGRAMME 2009 COOPERATION THEME 2 FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES, AND BIOTECHNOLOGY and Fisheries, and Biotechnology Page 2 of 72 Contents ­ Theme 2: Food, Agriculture and Fisheries

Milano-Bicocca, Università

319

Cooperative Mobile Sensing Networks  

SciTech Connect

A cooperative control architecture is presented that allows a fleet of Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) to collect data in a parallel, coordinated and optimal manner. The architecture is designed to react to a set of unpredictable events thereby allowing data collection to continue in an optimal manner.

Roberts, R S; Kent, C A; Jones, E D; Cunningham, C T; Armstrong, G W

2003-02-10

320

The Power of Cooperation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "The Power of Cooperation," Tony Nevin tells how the townspeople of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, are attempting to replicate a successful alternative-energy project in Samso, Denmark, where thinking about ways to reduce fossil-fuel use "became a kind of sport." Nevin says that thinking and acting locally helps people to identify and pursue…

Nevin, John A.

2010-01-01

321

Manufacturing techniques for gyroscopes in gravity probe B  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design of the fused silica gyroscope configuration is presented. The first gyroscope was made for erection and spin tests only and does not contain the angle readout loops necessary for a functioning experimental gyroscope. The rotor ball described is not coated with the ultimate material, niobium, but instead with a sandwich of titanium, cooper, and titanium for spin-up test purposes. Background, historical information, manufacturing procedures, and sketches for this gyroscope are included to provide a better understanding of the device and the techniques and special tools required to manufacture a fused silica gyroscope to the required specifications.

Rasquin, J. R.

1976-01-01

322

An experimental investigation into the efficiency of cooperative learning with consideration of multiple grouping criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study conducts an experimental investigation to compare the efficiency of the cooperative learning method with that of the traditional learning method. A total of 42 engineering students are randomly assigned to the two learning conditions and are formed into mixed-ability groups comprising three team members. In addition to the regular daytime classes, homework sessions are arranged such that

C.-M. Hsiung

2010-01-01

323

International Cooperation in Energy Policy: Impacts on Development in Third World Nations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arranged into four parts, the paper discusses the importance of international and institutional cooperation and the appropriate use of technology in the search for new and renewable energy sources. The first part of the paper discusses the inevitable depletion of the world's oil supply, the increasing interdependency of nations, the implications…

Preda, Michael A.; Hudspeth, Ernest M., Jr.

324

The Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement between China and Taiwan: Understanding Its Economics and Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

World trade has become increasingly regionalized in the past decade as a result of preferential arrangements. Due to Taiwan's unique international political status, its present government believes that closer economic integration with China would enhance Taiwan's economic prosperity and prevent Taiwan from being marginalized in East Asia. Taiwan hence signed the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA) with China in 2010.

Tsai-Lung Hong; Chih-Hai Yang

2011-01-01

325

MANUFACTURING & SERVICE OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

Dynamics and Channel Efficiency in Durable Product Pricing and Distribution Wei-yu Kevin Chiang College. A manufacturer distributes a durable product through an exclusive retailer to an exhaustible population management; dynamic pricing; differential game; channels of distribution; new product diffusion; operations

Chiang, Wei-yu Kevin

326

Manufacturing and Merchandising Careers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anyone with a flair for business, product development, or promotion might consider a manufacturing or merchandising occupation. The music industry offers many career opportunities for administrators, salespersons, marketing specialists--the record industry offers positions from promotion manager to rack jobber. Describes instrument company…

Ryan, Peter J.; And Others

1977-01-01

327

Intelligent manufacturing of polymers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrated multivariable process control can have a significant strategic impact on polymer plant operability and economics. Polymer manufacturers face increasing pressures for production cost reductions and more stringent “polymer quality” requirements. The main goals in operating a polymer reactor (e.g. high yield, better product quality and safe operation) are very difficult, if not impossible, to achieve without efficient and reliable

C. Kiparissides; J. Morris

1996-01-01

328

MEGARA optical manufacturing process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MEGARA is the future visible integral-field and multi-object spectrograph for the GTC 10.4-m telescope located in La Palma. INAOE is a member of the MEGARA Consortium and it is in charge of the Optics Manufacturing work package. MEGARA passed the Optics Detailed Design Review in May 2013, and the blanks of the main optics have been already ordered and their manufacturing is in progress. Except for the optical fibers and microlenses, the complete MEGARA optical system will be manufactured in Mexico, shared between the workshops of INAOE and CIO. This includes a field lens, a 5-lenses collimator, a 7-lenses camera and a complete set of volume phase holographic gratings with 36 flat windows and 24 prisms, being all these elements very large and complex. Additionally, the optical tests and the complete assembly of the camera and collimator subsystems will be carried out in Mexico. Here we describe the current status of the optics manufacturing process.

Carrasco, E.; Páez, G.; Granados, F.; Percino, E.; Castillo-Domínguez, E.; Avilés, J. L.; García-Vargas, M. L.; Gil de Paz, A.; Gallego, J.; Iglesias-Páramo, J.; Cedazo, R.

2014-07-01

329

Bolt Manufacture: Process Selection  

E-print Network

2009 4 #12;CastingCasting · Sand · Die · Shell · Expendable mold · Centrifugal · Squeeze · Plaster Bolts C ti· Casting · Powder processing · Rolling / Heading · MachiningMachining · Welding head 6222: Manufacturing Processes and Systems Prof. J.S. Colton © GIT 2009 5 #12;Sand CastingSand Casting

Colton, Jonathan S.

330

Manufacturing (Industrial) Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 35 units to consider for use in a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of manufacturing (industrial) technician. All the units listed will not necessarily apply to every situation or tech prep consortium, nor will all the competencies within each unit be appropriate. Several units appear within each specific…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

331

MANUFACTURING & SERVICE OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

MANUFACTURING & SERVICE OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Vol. 13, No. 3, Summer 2011, pp. 373­389 issn 1523 with a doctor of choice and to book an appointment at a convenient time of day. For medical conditions requiring applications History: Received: June 1, 2009; accepted: February 10, 2011. Published online in Articles

Gupta, Diwakar

332

Manufacturing Challenge: Flight Simulation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center asks students to conceptualize a flight simulator which would be used to train pilots. The class will draw a sketch of what their simulator would look like. They will then compare their own work to a case study of how a real manufacturing company responded to the same challenge.

2011-02-24

333

Teamwork In Modern Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This presentation from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center uses the example of a business (Featherlite Luxury Coaches) to demonstrate careers in manufacturing. The presentation focuses on how teams are assembled and how each team accomplishes given tasks to support the overall goals of the business.

2011-02-11

334

Sulphuric Acid Manufacture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The raw material for sulphuric acid manufacture is clean SO2 gas. It comes from (i) burning molten by-product sulphur; (ii) roasting or smelting metal sulphide concentrates, and (iii) decomposing contaminated organic chemical process sulphuric acid catalyst. Efficient gas cleaning is required for metallurgical and contaminated acid decomposition gases, especially the former. Sulphuric acid is made from SO2 gas by (i)

W. G. Davenport; M. J. King; B. Rogers; A. Weissenberger

2006-01-01

335

Deceptiveness in Cooperation and Competition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present study hypotehsized that deceptive activities characterize a pure competetive situation more than a mixed cooperative and competitive situation, and the latter more than a pure cooperative situation. (Author/RK)

Workie, Abaineh

1974-01-01

336

E Manufacturing a Technology Review  

E-print Network

Abstract: With a rapid change in technology especially in the manufacturing sector, customers are demanding more value, less risk, and better integration of products, hence there is a need to change the manufacturing strategies, which can result in improved performance thereby meeting the customer demands. This paper critically reviews a new area to overcome the above problem called “E – Manufacturing ” which can integrate customers, products and suppliers with the help of Internet Technology. The concept of E- Manufacturing, its development, tools and potential benefits are discussed along with application examples on Automobiles. Areas like E – Maintenance, E – Diagnostics, E – Business related to E – Manufacturing is also discussed. By adopting such a manufacturing technique zero downtime, reduced product error, customer satisfaction, quick manufacturing changes can be accomplished. In addition the concept of E-Manufacturing applied to the manufacture of gears is also discussed there by providing better understanding of this process.

Dr. H. K. Shivan; Nanjundaradhya N. V; Prabhakar Kammar; Divya Shree S; Keshavamurthy Yc

337

COOPERATIVE GAMES ON COMBINATORIAL STRUCTURES  

E-print Network

COOPERATIVE GAMES ON COMBINATORIAL STRUCTURES JESÃ?S MARIO BILBAO University of Seville Spain KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS #12;Contents Preface ix 1 Structures 1 1.1 Cooperative games of cooperative games . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1.4 Closure spaces and convex geometries

Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

338

Cooperative control of UAV rendezvous  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cooperative control of timing and synchronization of tasks of multiple unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) represents a valuable capability for a wide range of potential multi-UAV missions. This research addresses the specific problem of cooperative rendezvous in which multiple UAVs are to arrive at their targets simultaneously. The development of a rendezvous manager state machine and a cooperative control decomposition

T. W. McLain; Phillip R. Chandler; Steven Rasmussen; Meir Pachter

2001-01-01

339

Professional Awareness for Cooperating Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the critical role that student teaching plays in teacher education programs, cooperating teachers should be adequately prepared to provide the best possible models for their student teachers. An effective cooperating teacher training program is research based, integrates theory with practical application, and provides cooperating

Polachek, Diane M.

340

VERMONT COOPERATIVE FISH AND WILDLIFE  

E-print Network

VERMONT COOPERATIVE FISH AND WILDLIFE RESEARCH UNIT In Cooperation With U.S. Geological Survey Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife University of Vermont Wildlife Management Institute 2008-2010 Biennial Report #12;Page 22008-2010 Biennial Report Vermont Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit

Hayden, Nancy J.

341

Communication in Cooperative Learning Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores aspects of the hypothesis that communication in cooperative learning groups mediates effects of cooperative learning. The study develops a taxonomy of the cooperative communications of groups of predominantly Anglo and Hispanic elementary school students attending a public school where teachers were being trained to implement…

Kalkowski, Page

342

Cooperative Learning and Intergroup Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

this paper reviews the research on cooperative learning methods, with an emphasis on understanding the complex changes that occur in both classroom organization and student friendship patterns when cooperative, integrated learning groups are used in the desegregated classroom. Cooperative learning methods explicitly use the strength of the…

Slavin, Robert E.

343

Enlightening Advantages of Cooperative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appraisal discusses the notion that cooperative learning enhances learners' emotional and social performance. It also observes the perception that cooperative learning dramatically improves students' academic accomplishment. This review also examines the definition of cooperative learning and attempts to define it through the lens of renowned…

Faryadi, Qais

2007-01-01

344

International cooperation for Mars exploration and sample return  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Research Council's Space Studies Board has previously recommended that the next major phase of Mars exploration for the United States involve detailed in situ investigations of the surface of Mars and the return to earth for laboratory analysis of selected Martian surface samples. More recently, the European space science community has expressed general interest in the concept of cooperative Mars exploration and sample return. The USSR has now announced plans for a program of Mars exploration incorporating international cooperation. If the opportunity becomes available to participate in Mars exploration, interest is likely to emerge on the part of a number of other countries, such as Japan and Canada. The Space Studies Board's Committee on Cooperative Mars Exploration and Sample Return was asked by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to examine and report on the question of how Mars sample return missions might best be structured for effective implementation by NASA along with international partners. The committee examined alternatives ranging from scientific missions in which the United States would take a substantial lead, with international participation playing only an ancillary role, to missions in which international cooperation would be a basic part of the approach, with the international partners taking on comparably large mission responsibilities. On the basis of scientific strategies developed earlier by the Space Studies Board, the committee considered the scientific and technical basis of such collaboration and the most mutually beneficial arrangements for constructing successful cooperative missions, particularly with the USSR.

Levy, Eugene H.; Boynton, William V.; Cameron, A. G. W.; Carr, Michael H.; Kitchell, Jennifer H.; Mazur, Peter; Pace, Norman R.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Solomon, Sean C.; Wasserburg, Gerald J.

1990-01-01

345

22 CFR 120.36 - United Kingdom Implementing Arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Pursuant to the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Defense Trade Cooperation, done at Washington DC, February 14, 2008, as it...

2013-04-01

346

22 CFR 120.36 - United Kingdom Implementing Arrangement.  

...Pursuant to the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Defense Trade Cooperation, done at Washington DC, February 14, 2008, as it...

2014-04-01

347

22 CFR 120.36 - United Kingdom Implementing Arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of America and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Defense Trade Cooperation...of America and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Defense Trade...

2012-04-01

348

Role of crystal arrangement on the mechanical performance of enamel.  

PubMed

The superior mechanical properties of enamel, such as excellent penetration and crack resistance, are believed to be related to the unique microscopic structure. In this study, the effects of hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystallite orientation on the mechanical behavior of enamel have been investigated through a series of multiscale numerical simulations. A micromechanical model, which considers the HAP crystal arrangement in enamel prisms, the hierarchical structure of HAP crystals and the inelastic mechanical behavior of protein, has been developed. Numerical simulations revealed that, under compressive loading, plastic deformation progression took place in enamel prisms, which is responsible for the experimentally observed post-yield strain hardening. By comparing the mechanical responses for the uniform and non-uniform arrangement of HAP crystals within enamel prisms, it was found that the stiffness for the two cases was identical, while much greater energy dissipation was observed in the enamel with the non-uniform arrangement. Based on these results, we propose an important mechanism whereby the non-uniform arrangement of crystals in enamel rods enhances energy dissipation while maintaining sufficient stiffness to promote fracture toughness, mitigation of fracture and resistance to penetration deformation. Further simulations indicated that the non-uniform arrangement of the HAP crystals is a key factor responsible for the unique mechanical behavior of enamel, while the change in the nanostructure of nanocomposites could dictate the Young's modulus and yield strength of the biocomposite. PMID:22743111

An, Bingbing; Wang, Raorao; Zhang, Dongsheng

2012-10-01

349

Squaring cooperative binding circles  

PubMed Central

The cooperative binding effects of viologens and pyridines to a synthetic bivalent porphyrin receptor are used as a model system to study how the magnitudes of these effects relate to the experimentally obtained values. The full thermodynamic and kinetic circles concerning both activation and inhibition of the cage of the receptor for the binding of viologens were measured and evaluated. The results strongly emphasize the apparent character of measured binding and rate constants, in which the fractional saturation of receptors with other guests is linearly expressed in these constants. The presented method can be used as a simple tool to better analyze and comprehend the experimentally observed kinetics and thermodynamics of natural and artificial cooperative systems. PMID:19470643

Deutman, Alexander B. C.; Monnereau, Cyrille; Moalin, Mohamed; Coumans, Ruud G. E.; Veling, Nico; Coenen, Michiel; Smits, Jan M. M.; de Gelder, Rene; Elemans, Johannes A. A. W.; Ercolani, Gianfranco; Nolte, Roeland J. M.; Rowan, Alan E.

2009-01-01

350

Clemson Cooperative Extension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every state has an extension office that works out of their respective public university to deliver key information on agriculture, natural resources, food safety and nutrition, economic and community development, and agriculture. Clemson University's Cooperative Education office works to deliver such materials to the residents of South Carolina. On this website, visitors can explore the Programs area to learn about specific action programs in the areas listed above. The Services section is a real gem as it includes information for home and garden fans or persons involved with pesticide control and related matters. Moving along, the Resources area contains mobile apps, livestock and poultry fact sheets, and information on urban pests. Visitors can also follow the cooperative's activities via Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, and their RSS feed.

351

Transparency in pricing arrangements for medicines listed on the Australian Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.  

PubMed

Australia's system for assessing the cost-effectiveness of drugs for listing under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) is recognised internationally. A variety of mechanisms, such as evidence-based rules for determining eligibility for initial or continuing subsidy, price-volume agreements, rebates, and caps on government expenditure are used to contain PBS expenditures. In this paper we assess the extent of use of special pricing arrangements in Australia and how and where they are communicated to health professionals and the community. We searched publicly available documents published by the Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee (PBAC) and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Pricing Authority (PBPA). We found 73 medicines where special pricing arrangements had been applied and where prices appearing on the Schedule of Pharmaceutical Benefits might differ from those considered to be "cost-effective" by the PBAC. Reporting of these special pricing agreements was inconsistent and generally non-transparent. In some, the lack of transparency may have reflected the desire of manufacturers to disguise the true negotiated price, lest it weaken their negotiation position in other jurisdictions. PMID:19563308

Robertson, Jane; Walkom, Emily J; Henry, David A

2009-05-01

352

Active and Cooperative Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website emphasizes the strength of active learning, in which students solve problems on their own, and cooperative learning, in which students work in teams on problems under conditions that assure both positive interdependence and individual accountability, over a teacher-centered approach. It provides a list of the work of Dr. R.M. Felder, who has published extensively on this subject, as well as links to related online resources.

Felder, Richard M.; University, North C.

353

1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series: Plastics Bottle Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This data from the US Department of Commerce Census Bureau constitutes the one of the first in a series of several hundred reports on individual industries in the manufacturing sector from the 1997 Economic Census. The 1997 Economic Census Manufacturing, Industry Series on Plastics Bottle Manufacturing reports that California, Illinois, and Ohio accounted for a third of the $6.4 billion worth of 1997 goods shipped by the nation's plastics bottle manufacturers.

354

Roof Coatings Manufacturers Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Roof Coatings Manufacturers Association, a trade association which represents manufacturers of cold-applied coatings and cements used in the roofing industry, this site provides users with a useful assortment of materials as well as some basic information about the association itself. The easy to navigate site offers users an overview that details some specifics on cold applied roof coatings including a brief history, the types of coatings available and the product's advantages. A list of organizational links, articles and technical bulletins provide more in depth information on topics related to application of roof coatings, weather related concerns, fire ratings, white coatings and much more. A news and events page and a supplier�s directory are valuable additions to this useful site.

2006-11-21

355

Manufacturing for the Hydrogen Economy Manufacturing Research & Development  

E-print Network

Manufacturing for the Hydrogen Economy Manufacturing Research & Development of PEM Fuel Cell technical problems facing the manufacture of hydrogen systems today and identify priorities for research, President Bush announced a $1.2 billion Hydrogen Fuel Initiative to accelerate the development

356

Financial Arrangements and Relationship Quality in Low-Income Couples  

PubMed Central

This study explored the association between household financial arrangements and relationship quality using a representative sample of low-income couples with children. We detailed the banking arrangements couples utilize, assessed which factors relate to holding a joint account versus joint and separate, only separate, or no account, and analyzed the association between fiscal practices and men’s and women’s relationship quality. The majority of couples held joint accounts, though over one-quarter also have separate accounts; nearly one-tenth have no account. Joint bank accounts were associated with higher levels of relationship quality on numerous dimensions, though more consistently for women than men. Individualistic arrangements appeared to undermine women’s relationship satisfaction and reduce feelings of intimacy, sexual compatibility, and satisfaction with conflict resolution. PMID:22844174

Addo, Fenaba R.; Sassler, Sharon

2012-01-01

357

Nanoscale arrangement of diblock copolymer micelles with Au nanorods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We fabricated a single-layered film consisting of spherical micelles of diblock copolymers and one-dimensional Au nanorods that were surface modified with the same polymer as the corona block of the copolymers. When the diameters of micelles were larger than the lengths of the nanorods, spherical micelles arranged in a hexagonal configuration surrounded by nanorods with their long axes perpendicular to the radial direction of the micelles. This arrangement provided selective organization of the Au nanorods and Ag nanoparticles which were selectively synthesized within the cores of the copolymer micelles. Thus, position-selective arrangement of Au nanorods and Ag nanoparticles was demonstrated at the nanometer scale such that a homogenous distribution of two different nanomaterials over a large area without aggregation was achieved.

Kim, Hwan; Lim, Yirang; Kim, Sehee; Kim, Sung-Soo; Sohn, Byeong-Hyeok

2014-11-01

358

Orientations of linear stone arrangements in New South Wales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We test the hypothesis that Aboriginal linear stone arrangements in New South Wales (NSW) are oriented to cardinal directions. We accomplish this by measuring the azimuths of stone arrangements described in site cards from the NSW Aboriginal Heritage Information Management System. We then survey a subset of these sites to test the accuracy of information recorded on the site cards. We find a preference recorded in the site cards for cardinal orientations among azimuths. The field surveys show that the site cards are reasonably accurate, but the surveyors probably did not correct for magnetic declinations. Using Monte Carlo statistics, we show that these preferred orientations did not occur by chance and that Aboriginal people deliberately aligned these arrangements to the approximate cardinal directions. We briefly explore possible reasons for these preferred orientations and highlight the need for future work.

Hamacher, Duane W.; Fuller, Robert S.; Norris, Ray P.

2012-12-01

359

Nanoscale arrangement of diblock copolymer micelles with Au nanorods.  

PubMed

We fabricated a single-layered film consisting of spherical micelles of diblock copolymers and one-dimensional Au nanorods that were surface modified with the same polymer as the corona block of the copolymers. When the diameters of micelles were larger than the lengths of the nanorods, spherical micelles arranged in a hexagonal configuration surrounded by nanorods with their long axes perpendicular to the radial direction of the micelles. This arrangement provided selective organization of the Au nanorods and Ag nanoparticles which were selectively synthesized within the cores of the copolymer micelles. Thus, position-selective arrangement of Au nanorods and Ag nanoparticles was demonstrated at the nanometer scale such that a homogenous distribution of two different nanomaterials over a large area without aggregation was achieved. PMID:25333410

Kim, Hwan; Lim, Yirang; Kim, Sehee; Kim, Sung-Soo; Sohn, Byeong-Hyeok

2014-11-14

360

Flexible simulations for manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Kroger Co. is one of the largest retailers in the United States. Its manufacturing division produces 43% of corporate brand units sold in its stores. Kroger¿s 15 dairies operate at near-full capacity and produce all varieties of fluid milk, orange juice, cultured products such as yogurt and cottage cheese, novelty treats and non-carbonated beverages. Kroger and Visual8 Corp. have

Christopher Milligan; Doug Meiser

2008-01-01

361

Manufacturing and Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Europeans brought with them to Australia the need and desire for all kinds of manufactured items. Settlers arrived with many\\u000a goods from home, but others had to be created from materials at hand. Early houses, for example, were built from timber, bark,\\u000a mud and clay, with more substantial homes constructed of brick and stone. Furniture, from rough bush tables to

Susan Lawrence; Peter Davies

362

CIMplementation™: Evaluating Manufacturing Automation  

E-print Network

or computer may perform an individual operation better than humanly pos sible, we must consider two major implications of installing these automation tools in industry. First, it is easier to plan an automated facility than to install and operate one.... The key featu res of thi s model are the degree of automation made pps sible by the computer, the flexibility of'the system, and the common database which will permit integration of information. 3.0 CHANGES IN MANUFACTURING RESULTING F...

Krakauer, J.

363

Embedding Sustainability into Manufacturing Organizations  

E-print Network

will be reviewed, also. This paper has an emphasis on smaller manufacturers, and will discuss how large manufacturers can engage the smaller companies within their global supply chains in both energy management and sustainability....

Tutterow, V.

2014-01-01

364

Manufacturing a Superconductor in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is the manufacture of a superconductor from a commercially available kit using equipment usually available in schools or easily obtainable. The construction is described in detail including equipment, materials, safety procedures, tolerances, and manufacture. (Author/CW)

Barrow, John

1989-01-01

365

46 CFR 199.153 - Survival craft launching and recovery arrangements using falls and a winch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...launching and recovery arrangements using falls and a winch. 199.153 Section...launching and recovery arrangements using falls and a winch. Survival craft...secondary launching appliances for free-fall launching arrangements, from a...

2013-10-01

366

46 CFR 199.153 - Survival craft launching and recovery arrangements using falls and a winch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...launching and recovery arrangements using falls and a winch. 199.153 Section...launching and recovery arrangements using falls and a winch. Survival craft...secondary launching appliances for free-fall launching arrangements, from a...

2012-10-01

367

46 CFR 199.153 - Survival craft launching and recovery arrangements using falls and a winch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...launching and recovery arrangements using falls and a winch. 199.153 Section...launching and recovery arrangements using falls and a winch. Survival craft...secondary launching appliances for free-fall launching arrangements, from a...

2011-10-01

368

75 FR 34941 - Review of the Commission's Program Access Rules and Examination of Programming Tying Arrangements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Program Access Rules and Examination of Programming Tying Arrangements AGENCY: Federal...Program Access Rules and Examination of Programming Tying Arrangements, MB Docket No...Program Access Rules and Examination of Programming Tying Arrangements, MB Docket...

2010-06-21

369

47 CFR 27.1214 - EBS spectrum leasing arrangements and grandfathered leases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false EBS spectrum leasing arrangements and grandfathered...Broadband Service § 27.1214 EBS spectrum leasing arrangements and grandfathered...analog transmissions may enter into a spectrum leasing arrangement to transmit...

2011-10-01

370

47 CFR 27.1214 - EBS spectrum leasing arrangements and grandfathered leases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false EBS spectrum leasing arrangements and grandfathered...Broadband Service § 27.1214 EBS spectrum leasing arrangements and grandfathered...analog transmissions may enter into a spectrum leasing arrangement to transmit...

2010-10-01

371

29 CFR 779.231 - Franchise arrangements which do not create a larger enterprise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Franchise arrangements which do not create a larger...Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.231 Franchise arrangements which do not create a...

2010-07-01

372

Minerals Arranged by X-Ray Powder Diffraction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This directory provides a listing of minerals arranged by Powder X-ray Diffraction (XRD) data . XRD is one of the primary techniques used to examine the physico-chemical make-up of unknown solids, in which a powdered sample is illuminated with X rays of a fixed wavelength and the intensity of the reflected radiation is recorded using a goniometer. Minerals are arranged in increasing order of D1 spacing, with D2 and D3 spacings also provided. Each mineral name is a link to additional information on the mineral.

373

Arrangement for damping the resonance in a laser diode  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An arrangement for damping the resonance in a laser diode is described. This arrangement includes an additional layer which together with the conventional laser diode form a structure (35) of a bipolar transistor. Therein, the additional layer serves as the collector, the cladding layer next to it as the base, and the active region and the other cladding layer as the emitter. A capacitor is connected across the base and the collector. It is chosen so that at any frequency above a certain selected frequency which is far below the resonance frequency the capacitor impedance is very low, effectively shorting the base to the collector.

Katz, J.; Yariv, A.; Margalit, S. (inventors)

1985-01-01

374

Process science development at the Center for Optics Manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Optics Manufacturing (COM) has organized a volunteer Process Science Committee that will cooperate in advancing the optical manufacturing sciences. The objective is to develop technical information and processes that improve manufacturing capability, especially in grinding and polishing technology. Chaired by Donald Golini of Litton Itek Optical Systems, the committee members are volunteers from several American Precision Optics Manufacturers Association (APOMA) companies and institutions. Many of the companies are also funding project elements. The committee will accelerate industry progress by integrating the research and development activities of cooperating APOMA companies and institutions involved in both COM and independent programs. In the short term, the effort concentrates on grinding and polishing process innovation. In later phases, the effort will aid in the design future generations of machines and processes. While the developments are directly adaptable to COM's OPTICAM program, the results will influence a wide range of innovation and application in all methods of optical fabrication. Several leaders in the field are participating in the research and development effort--Boston University, Eastman Kodak Company, Hughes Leitz Optical Technologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Litton Itek Optical Systems, Melles Griot, Optical Components Inc., Precision Optical, Rank Pneumo, Schott Glass Technologies, Solution Technology, Texas Instruments, Tropel, and the universities of Arizona and Rochester. Other APOMA member companies will participate as resource needs grow. The collaboration is unique in the industry's history.

Pollicove, Harvey M.; Moore, Duncan T.; Golini, Donald

1992-01-01

375

Economic Comparison of Emission Control Systems for Glass Manufacturing Furnaces with Heat Recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Glass manufacturing, like other process industries, is faced with air pollution compliance problems due to ever stricter emission limits. Several waste gas cleaning equipment options are available for air pollution control (APC) in glass plants, the most common arrangements being based on electrostatic precipitator (ESP) or fabric filter (FF) dust collectors and semi-wet or dry processes for acid gas removal.

Antonio C. Caputo; Pacifico M. Pelagagge

2001-01-01

376

Manufactured Gas History and Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thousands of manufactured gas plants operated in the United States for more than 150 years and were important to the industrial and social development of the country. There are many people who have contributed to the development of economical methods of manufactured gas production. While there were other factors, the decline in the use of manufactured gas was largely due

Martin J. Hamper

2006-01-01

377

Out of Bounds Additive Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

Lockheed Martin and Oak Ridge National Laboratory are working on an additive manufacturing (AM) system capable of manufacturing components measured not in terms of inches or feet, but multiple yards in all dimensions with the potential to manufacture parts that are completely unbounded in size.

Holshouser, Chris [Lockheed Martin Corporation; Newell, Clint [Lockheed Martin Corporation; Palas, Sid [Lockheed Martin Corporation; Love, Lonnie J [ORNL; Kunc, Vlastimil [ORNL; Lind, Randall F [ORNL; Lloyd, Peter D [ORNL; Rowe, John C [ORNL; Blue, Craig A [ORNL; Duty, Chad E [ORNL; Peter, William H [ORNL; Dehoff, Ryan R [ORNL

2013-01-01

378

Flexibility in manufacturing: A survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an attempt to survey the vast literature on flexibility in manufacturing that has accumulated over the last 10 to 20 years. The survey begins with a brief review of the classical literature on flexibility in economics and organization theory, which provides a background for manufacturing flexibility. Several kinds of flexibilities in manufacturing are then defined carefully along

Andrea Krasa Sethi; Suresh Pal Sethi

1990-01-01

379

The impact of union-management cooperation on productivity and employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effects of union-management cooperative programs on productivity and employment. The author collected productivity and employment data for each of nine manufacturing plants at monthly time intervals over a period of four to five years-from two years before to at least two years after the introduction of the cooperative program. Regression analysis of these time-series data is

Michael Schuster

1983-01-01

380

Object-transportation control of cooperative agv systems based on virtual-passivity decentralized control algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic guided vehicle in the factory has an important role to advance the flexible manufacturing system. In this paper,\\u000a we propose a novel object-transportation control algorithm of cooperative AGV systems to apply decentralized control to multiple\\u000a AGV systems. Each AGV system is under nonholonomic constraints and conveys a common object-transportation in a horizontal\\u000a plain. Moreover it is shown that cooperative

Jin Ho Suh; Young Jin Lee; Kwon Soon Lee

2005-01-01

381

Cooperative Vehicular Safety Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past decade witnessed active safety systems such as vehicle stability control (VSC) rapidly change the automotive electronic landscape by complementing passive safety systems such as seat belts and air bags. Most automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) offer laser-based or radar-based adaptive cruise control (ACC) or precrash systems (PCSs). ACC employs forward-looking sensors for longitudinal control of the vehicle through

Derek Caveney

2010-01-01

382

How is human cooperation different?  

PubMed Central

Although cooperation is a widespread phenomenon in nature, human cooperation exceeds that of all other species with regard to the scale and range of cooperative activities. Here we review and discuss differences between humans and non-humans in the strategies employed to maintain cooperation and control free-riders. We distinguish forms of cooperative behaviour based on their influence on the immediate payoffs of actor and recipient. If the actor has immediate costs and only the recipient obtains immediate benefits, we term this investment. If the behaviour has immediate positive effects for both actor and recipient, we call this a self-serving mutually beneficial behaviour or mutual cooperation. We argue that humans, in contrast to all other species, employ a wider range of enforcement mechanisms, which allow higher levels of cooperation to evolve and stabilize among unrelated individuals and in large groups. We also discuss proximate mechanisms underlying cooperative behaviour and focus on our experimental work with humans and our closest primate relatives. Differences in the proximate mechanisms also seem to contribute to explaining humans' greater ability to cooperate and enforce cooperation. PMID:20679110

Melis, Alicia P.; Semmann, Dirk

2010-01-01

383

Extended cooperative control synthesis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper reports on research for extending the Cooperative Control Synthesis methodology to include a more accurate modeling of the pilot's controller dynamics. Cooperative Control Synthesis (CCS) is a methodology that addresses the problem of how to design control laws for piloted, high-order, multivariate systems and/or non-conventional dynamic configurations in the absence of flying qualities specifications. This is accomplished by emphasizing the parallel structure inherent in any pilot-controlled, augmented vehicle. The original CCS methodology is extended to include the Modified Optimal Control Model (MOCM), which is based upon the optimal control model of the human operator developed by Kleinman, Baron, and Levison in 1970. This model provides a modeling of the pilot's compensation dynamics that is more accurate than the simplified pilot dynamic representation currently in the CCS methodology. Inclusion of the MOCM into the CCS also enables the modeling of pilot-observation perception thresholds and pilot-observation attention allocation affects. This Extended Cooperative Control Synthesis (ECCS) allows for the direct calculation of pilot and system open- and closed-loop transfer functions in pole/zero form and is readily implemented in current software capable of analysis and design for dynamic systems. Example results based upon synthesizing an augmentation control law for an acceleration command system in a compensatory tracking task using the ECCS are compared with a similar synthesis performed by using the original CCS methodology. The ECCS is shown to provide augmentation control laws that yield more favorable, predicted closed-loop flying qualities and tracking performance than those synthesized using the original CCS methodology.

Davidson, John B.; Schmidt, David K.

1994-01-01

384

The Institutional Arrangements and Changes in China's Urbanization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to probe into the institutional arrangements and changes on China 's urbanization since the establishment of PRC, and, their effects on patterns and process to her urbanization. On the basis of institutional analysis, the author provides a systematic countermeasure for the further institutional innovations on the development of China's urbanization. Specifically, the paper is structured as the

Liu Chuanjiang; Shao Yinghong

385

Parental Educational Involvement Conceived as the Arrangement of Contingency Operations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the utility of a conception of parental educational involvement as the arrangement of contingency operations that normatively change: the frequency of children's school-related behaviour, the reinforcing potency of stimuli produced by studying, and children's tendencies to request parental intervention. A child-report measure…

Mellon, Robert C.; Moutavelis, Adrianos G.

2009-01-01

386

Towards Design Guidelines for Work Related Learning Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to produce design guidelines based on insights from both practice and theory that will enable teachers and educational developers to execute the design, implementation and evaluation of their work-related learning arrangements with stakeholders involved. Design/methodology/approach: The first study reported in…

Lappia, Josephine H.

2011-01-01

387

First Impressions: The New Teacher Induction Arrangements in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New arrangements for the induction of teachers in Scottish schools were introduced for school session 2002/03. Those completing initial teacher education (ITE) are now entitled to a one-year training post with a 70% workload, 30% of working time for professional development and 10% of an experienced teacher's time for support. Such inductees must…

Draper, Janet; O'Brien, Jim; Christie, Fiona

2004-01-01

388

Control of noise by trees arranged like sonic crystals  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we demonstrate that it is possible to improve the sound attenuation obtained from a mass of trees by arranging them in a periodic lattice. The outdoor experimental results have shown that the largest sound attenuation, within a certain range of frequencies, was obtained for a range of frequencies related to the array periodicity. This behaviour induces us

Rosa Martínez-Sala; Constanza Rubio; Luis M. García-Raffi; Juan V. Sánchez-Pérez; Enrique A. Sánchez-Pérez; J. Llinares

2006-01-01

389

PUZZLE PIECE TOPOLOGY: DETECTING ARRANGEMENTS IN SMART OBJECTS INTERFACES  

E-print Network

these techniques in a puzzle designed to make math and science more accessible to middle school age children to detect 2D arrangements of objects. Some examples include system simulations, planning, and design at all cost. Yet all children ­ even infants ­ are intrigued by physical puzzles. Babies will spend hours

Scarlatos, Lori

390

42. VIEW OF ARRANGEMENT OF PULLEY AND WINCH SYSTEM FOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

42. VIEW OF ARRANGEMENT OF PULLEY AND WINCH SYSTEM FOR RAISING SERVICE PLATFORMS ON WEST SIDE OF STATION 111. WINCH MOTOR MOUNTED TO CEILING OF WEST ANTEROOM. TOP OF DOOR VISIBLE IN LOWER LEFT CORNER. - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 West, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

391

Spatial arrangement in texture discrimination and texture segregation.  

PubMed

We investigated the role of spatial arrangement of texture elements in three psychophysical experiments on texture discrimination and texture segregation. In our stimuli, oriented Gabor elements formed an iso-oriented and a randomly oriented texture region. We manipulated (1) the orientation similarity in the iso-oriented region by adding orientation jitter to the orientation of each Gabor; (2) the spatial arrangement of the Gabors: quasi-random or regular; and (3) the shape of the edge between the two texture regions: straight or curved. In Experiment 1, participants discriminated an iso-oriented stimulus from a stimulus with only randomly oriented elements. Experiment 2 required texture segregation to judge the shape of the texture edge. Experiment 3 replicated Experiment 2 with Gabors of a smaller spatial extent in a denser arrangement. We found comparable performance levels with regular and quasi-random Gabor positions in the discrimination task but not in the segregation tasks. We conclude that spatial arrangement plays a role in a texture segregation task requiring shape discrimination of the texture edge but not in a texture discrimination task in which it is sufficient to discriminate an iso-oriented region from a completely random region. PMID:23799186

Vancleef, Kathleen; Putzeys, Tom; Gheorghiu, Elena; Sassi, Michaël; Machilsen, Bart; Wagemans, Johan

2013-01-01

392

Spatial arrangement in texture discrimination and texture segregation  

PubMed Central

We investigated the role of spatial arrangement of texture elements in three psychophysical experiments on texture discrimination and texture segregation. In our stimuli, oriented Gabor elements formed an iso-oriented and a randomly oriented texture region. We manipulated (1) the orientation similarity in the iso-oriented region by adding orientation jitter to the orientation of each Gabor; (2) the spatial arrangement of the Gabors: quasi-random or regular; and (3) the shape of the edge between the two texture regions: straight or curved. In Experiment 1, participants discriminated an iso-oriented stimulus from a stimulus with only randomly oriented elements. Experiment 2 required texture segregation to judge the shape of the texture edge. Experiment 3 replicated Experiment 2 with Gabors of a smaller spatial extent in a denser arrangement. We found comparable performance levels with regular and quasi-random Gabor positions in the discrimination task but not in the segregation tasks. We conclude that spatial arrangement plays a role in a texture segregation task requiring shape discrimination of the texture edge but not in a texture discrimination task in which it is sufficient to discriminate an iso-oriented region from a completely random region. PMID:23799186

Vancleef, Kathleen; Putzeys, Tom; Gheorghiu, Elena; Sassi, Michael; Machilsen, Bart; Wagemans, Johan

2013-01-01

393

Case study: The network approach to international sport sponsorship arrangement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Offers a discussion on the interorganizational network approach as an interesting, alternative avenue for the development of sponsorship research. An example of how to describe and analyze a sport sponsorship arrangement case, using the interorganizational network approach as a theoretical frame of reference, is presented. Researching sports sponsorship from a network perspective extends the interorganizational network thinking from a traditional

Rami Olkkonen

2001-01-01

394

ETHNOMETHODOLOGY: REFRAMING UNDERSTANDING OF RESISTANCE TO FLEXIBLE WORK ARRANGEMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Current research on flexible work arrangements,(FWAs) has proven that managerial support mediates the relationship between FWA use and positive organizational outcomes. But, research also perceives managers as controlling and negative towards FWAs. This paradox of positive outcomes,and managerial negativity has stymied research in this area. To find resolution, I suggest that research should follow the processes of FWAs; as

THERESE A. SPRINKLE

395

Orchestrating time: arrangements of the brain circadian clock  

E-print Network

Orchestrating time: arrangements of the brain circadian clock Michael C. Antle1 and Rae Silver2 Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 630 West 168- lated by a brain clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Individual cells within

Silver, Rae

396

China's emergence in East Asia under alternative trading arrangements  

E-print Network

China's emergence in East Asia under alternative trading arrangements Hiro Leea,* , David Roland China's accelerated global emergence has changed trade patterns in the Asia-Pacific region and exerted to China, Japan, and the United States using a dynamic global computable general equilibrium (CGE) model

Kammen, Daniel M.

397

Geometrical Arrangements of a Collection of Bubbles Roman urikovic  

E-print Network

with a complete computer simulation of soap bubbles from a dynamic perspective, which should prove to be of great-based animation, soap bubbles, spring model, dynamics. 1. Introduction This chapter describes the dynamics of thinGeometrical Arrangements of a Collection of Bubbles Roman urikovic Faculty of Mathematics, Physics

Durikovic, Roman

398

Who's Minding the Kids? Child Care Arrangements: Fall 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents statistical data on: (1) the ways in which children in the United States are cared for while their parents are at work, looking for work, or at school; (2) the complexity of these arrangements and the accompanying disruptions in the daily work schedule; and (3) payments for child care services. The statistics in this report…

O'Connell, Martin; Bachu, Amara

1992-01-01

399

COHOMOLOGY RINGS AND NILPOTENT QUOTIENTS OF REAL AND COMPLEX ARRANGEMENTS  

E-print Network

COHOMOLOGY RINGS AND NILPOTENT QUOTIENTS OF REAL AND COMPLEX ARRANGEMENTS DANIEL MATEI in R 4 |for which the above questions are amenable to a detailed study, capable of yielding classi#12 of Japan, Tokyo. Available at http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/math.GT/9812087. 1 #12; 2 DANIEL MATEI AND ALEXANDER

400

38. SECTIONS OF ACCESS CORRIDOR, INCLUDES SECTION SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

38. SECTIONS OF ACCESS CORRIDOR, INCLUDES SECTION SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF NAVY GUN BARRELS. INEEL DRAWING NUMBER 200-0633-00-287-106454. FLUOR NUMBER 5775-CPP-633-P-59. - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Old Waste Calcining Facility, Scoville, Butte County, ID

401

Arrangement, Dopant Source, And Method For Making Solar Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disclosed is an arrangement, dopant source and method used in the fabrication of photocells that minimize handling of cell wafers and involve a single furnace step. First, dopant sources are created by depositing selected dopants onto both surfaces of source wafers. The concentration of dopant that is placed on the surface is relatively low so that the sources are starved

Ajeet Rohatgi; Thomas W. Krygowski

1999-01-01

402

Expedient arrangement of newly constructed systems for centralized heat supply  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is shown that for newly constructed combined-cycle cogeneration plants and nuclear cogeneration plants, the optimum arrangement of the centralized heat supply system is the combination of a cogeneration plant and a district heat-supply station (a boiler house).

Zeigarnik, Yu. A.; Rotinov, A. G.

2008-11-01

403

11. MODEL 200 CRANE, GENERAL ARRANGEMENT & CLEARANCES. Colby Steel ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. MODEL 200 CRANE, GENERAL ARRANGEMENT & CLEARANCES. Colby Steel & Engineering Company, Vancouver B.C., Seattle, New York. Two elevations and cab plan. No architect noted, drawn by "Gould." Sheet A2, No. 6365. Scale not given. August 10, 1942. "Proposal no. 318." blueline print - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Crane, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

404

Model 200 crane, general arrangement & clearances. Colby Steel & ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Model 200 crane, general arrangement & clearances. Colby Steel & Engineering Company, Vancouver B.C., Seattle, New York. Two elevations and cab plan. No architect noted, drawn by Gould. Sheet A2, no 6365. Scaled not given. August 10, 1942. Proposal no. 318. - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Crane, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

405

Valve support arrangement for pressurizer in a nuclear power plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

A modularly constructable support arrangement is provided for pressurizer safety and relief valves in a nuclear power plant. A common header is supported by four sets of columnar legs which are secured to pressurizer vessel side wall lugs. The safety and relief valves are securely disposed and connected through short pipe runs to discharge steam into the header.

M. J. Zegar; H. S. Jenkins; N. W. Kish; E. J. Rusnica; S. J. Sarver

1984-01-01

406

Fault diagnosability of arrangement graphs Shuming Zhou a,b,  

E-print Network

Fault diagnosability of arrangement graphs Shuming Zhou a,b, , Jun-Ming Xu c a School 27 April 2013 Available online 31 May 2013 Keywords: Fault tolerance Comparison diagnosis to maintain a system's high reliability. The fault diagnosis is the process of identifying faulty processors

Xu, Jun-Ming

407

Father-Son Decision-Making in Joint Farming Arrangements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a larger study of father-son farms, this study explored the decision-making patterns of farm families which have self-designated father-son, joint farming arrangements. Emphasis was upon the determination of: (1) personal and situational factors which are explanative of the father's or son's perception of decision-making involvement and…

Kowalski, Gregory S.; Coughenour, C. Milton

408

Review of arrangements for the recent transportation of radioactive waste.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The terms of reference of this review were: to examine the adequacy of the arrangements made for the transport of contaminated material from Lucas Heights and St. Marys to Woomera, in terms of compliance with the Australian Code for the Safe Transport of ...

M. H. Codd

1995-01-01

409

Silole derivatives: relationships between molecular arrangement and OLED efficiency  

E-print Network

Silole derivatives: relationships between molecular arrangement and OLED efficiency Philippe films and the OLED efficiency. For this purpose, we have synthesized three new silole derivatives to possess both electron- and hole-transporting properties in order to be used in single-layer OLEDs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

410

GENERAL ARRANGEMENT BUILDING AND EQUIPMENT. WELLTONMOHAWK PUMPING PLANT NO.. 1. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GENERAL ARRANGEMENT BUILDING AND EQUIPMENT. WELLTON-MOHAWK PUMPING PLANT NO.. 1. United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation; Gila Project, Arizona, Wellton-Mohawk Division. Drawing No. 50-D-2328, dated August 2, 1948, Denver, Colorado. - Wellton-Mohawk Irrigation System, Pumping Plant No. 1, Bounded by Gila River & Union Pacific Railroad, Wellton, Yuma County, AZ

411

Cooperative Autonomous Online Learning  

E-print Network

Online learning is becoming increasingly popular for training on large datasets. However, the sequential nature of online learning requires a centralized learner to store data and update parameters. In this paper, we consider a fully decentralized setting, cooperative autonomous online learning, with a distributed data source. The learners perform learning with local parameters while periodically communicating with a small subset of neighbors to exchange information. We define the regret in terms of an implicit aggregated parameter of the learners for such a setting and prove regret bounds similar to the classical sequential online learning.

Yan, Feng; Qi, Yuan

2010-01-01

412

Cooperativity in beryllium bonds.  

PubMed

A theoretical study of the beryllium bonded clusters of the (iminomethyl)beryllium hydride and (iminomethyl)beryllium fluoride [HC(BeX)=NH, X = H, F] molecules has been carried out at the B3LYP/6-311++G(3df,2p) level of theory. Linear and cyclic clusters have been characterized up to the decamer. The geometric, energetic, electronic and NMR properties of the clusters clearly indicate positive cooperativity. The evolution of the molecular properties, as the size of the cluster increases, is similar to those reported in polymers held together by hydrogen bonds. PMID:24452820

Alkorta, Ibon; Elguero, José; Yáñez, Manuel; Mó, Otilia

2014-03-01

413

Metal Additive Manufacturing: A Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reviews the state-of-the-art of an important, rapidly emerging, manufacturing technology that is alternatively called additive manufacturing (AM), direct digital manufacturing, free form fabrication, or 3D printing, etc. A broad contextual overview of metallic AM is provided. AM has the potential to revolutionize the global parts manufacturing and logistics landscape. It enables distributed manufacturing and the productions of parts-on-demand while offering the potential to reduce cost, energy consumption, and carbon footprint. This paper explores the material science, processes, and business consideration associated with achieving these performance gains. It is concluded that a paradigm shift is required in order to fully exploit AM potential.

Frazier, William E.

2014-06-01

414

Manufactured soil screening test  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this technical note is to provide a screening test that can be used to evaluate the potential for manufacturing artificial soil using dredged material, cellulose waste materials (e.g., yard waste compost, sawdust, wastepaper), and biosolids (e.g., N-Viro-reconditioned sewage sludge, BIONSOIL-reconstituted cow manure). This procedure will allow the most productive blend of any dredged material (uncontaminated or contaminated), cellulose, and biosolids to be determined and recommended for use in an environmentally productive and beneficial manner.

NONE

1999-05-01

415

Careers in Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning activity from The Mechatronics Education CenterâÂÂs Project SHINE widens studentsâ understanding of the manufacturing industry, including learning about specific jobs in industry. Through researching a specific business (the example used is in the health care industry), students will begin to more deeply understand products and services offered by the company, a general profile of the company, skills required for various jobs and more. The activity is designed as a 14-21 day unit, intended for use as a long-term class project.

Jacobi, Linda

2010-12-23

416

Financial problems and cooperation  

SciTech Connect

For a Bank, an usual way to attract new clients is by offering better interest rates depending on the amount of money that the client deposits in an account: {open_quotes}The more money you have the higher interest rate you get{close_quotes}. For a company is also a common practice to offer their clients discounts connected with the number of units of the product they order: {open_quotes}The more you order, the lower price per unit you pay{close_quotes}. From these situations arises the possibility to take profit if the clients cooperate and join their money or their orders. Hence, we define a new class of cooperative games called Financial Games. We study basic properties and necessary conditions for a game to belong to this class of games and we define the concept of duality for Financial games. The core is always non-empty and, moreover, Financial games are always totally balanced. We look at some special amputations lying in the Core and we study the reduced game on the j{sup th} player at {rvec x} where x{sub j} = b{sub j} = v(N) {minus} v(N {minus} j).

Izquierdo, J.

1994-12-31

417

Optical Circuitry Cooperative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An Optical Circuitry Cooperative (OCC) has been formed as an NSF cooperative research center in which six or more companies contribute financial support; NSF provides support which declines to zero in five years. Companies benefit from a center by early access to research results, leverage for their research dollars, participation in research selection, and improved relations with faculty and students. The university receives support for a major research program that increases its research capability, provides reasonably stable funding, and opens more opportunities for graduate students. The potential of optical circuitry has been discussed for many years, but the excitement is growing rapidly on the strength of the success of optical fibers for optical transmission, the generation of subpicosecond opitcal pulses, and the development of promising optical logic elements, such as optical bistable devices. And yet, much research remains to be done to discover the best nonlinear optical materials and fabrication techniques. OCC will perform research to provide a data base to allow the development of optical circuitry devices. The areas encompassed by OCC include all-optical logic, picosecond decision-making, guided-wave preprocessors, opti-cal interconnects within computers (both fiber and whole-array imaging), optical storage, and optical computer architecture and devices.

Gibbs, H. M.; Gibson, U.; Peyghambarian, N.; Sarid, D.; Stegeman, G.

1985-01-01

418

Mir Cooperative Solar Array  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Mir Cooperative Solar Array (MCSA), produced jointly by the United States and Russia, was deployed on the Mir Russian space station on May 25, 1996. The MCSA is a photovoltaic electrical power system that can generate up to 6 kW. The power from the MCSA is needed to extend Mir's lifetime and to support experiments conducted there by visiting U.S. astronauts. The MCSA was brought to Mir via the Space Shuttle Atlantis on the STS-74 mission, launched November 12, 1995. This cooperative venture combined the best technology of both countries: the United States provided high-efficiency, lightweight photovoltaic panel modules, whereas Russia provided the array structure and deployment mechanism. Technology developed in the Space Station Freedom Program, and now being used in the International Space Station, was used to develop MCSA's photovoltaic panel. Performance data obtained from MCSA operation on Mir will help engineers better understand the performance of the photovoltaic panel modules in orbit. This information will be used to more accurately predict the performance of the International Space Station solar arrays. Managed by the NASA Lewis Research Center for NASA's International Space Station Program Office in Houston, Texas, the MCSA Project was completed on time and under budget despite a very aggressive schedule.

Skor, Mike; Hoffman, Dave J.

1997-01-01

419

The James Fenimore Cooper Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website is devoted to "encouraging the enjoyment of Cooper's 32 novels, appreciation of his ideas, and providing useful information to students, scholars, and readers." And the site does not disappoint, standing as one of the most comprehensive single-author Websites we've seen. It provides copious text by and about Cooper, including online copies of little-known Cooper texts -- mostly articles and short stories; links to texts of his novels; a browseable/searchable hypertext bibliography of hundreds of scholarly articles and papers devoted to Cooper available online; reference documents providing historical context to Cooper's work; an annotated bibliography of Cooper criticism in print; an annotated list of quality links; materials relating to Susan Fenimore Cooper (a nature writer in her own right whose work influenced her husband); a picture gallery promising to contain images of Cooper, his manuscripts, and the landscapes about which he wrote (currently this contains about a dozen pictures from the 1911 filming of The Deerslayer); and considerably more. Created and maintained by scholars, relatives of Cooper himself, and devoted amateurs, the site's adoration of its subject does not prevent it from also presenting a few of the fine send-ups of Cooper's prose style penned by other authors, including Thackeray's "The Stars and Stripes," a parody of Cooper's style originally published in Punch. The site is still under construction, and visitors can look forward to plentiful additions in the months to come. The authors of the site also promise to answer any questions sent to them relating to Cooper; click on "Ask Fenimore" on the homepage.

420

Magnet cable manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

The cable is the heart of a superconducting accelerator magnet. Since the initial development of the Rutherford Cable more than twenty years ago, many improvements in manufacturing techniques have increased the current carrying capacity. When the Tevatron cable was specified fifteen years ago the current carrying capacity was 1800 A/mm{sup 2} at a field of 5.3T. During the intervening years it has been increased to 3000 A/mm{sup 2}. These improvements were due to refinements in the fabrication of the strands and the formation of the cable from the strands. The metallurgists were able to impart significant gains in performance by improving the homogeneity of the conductor. The engineers and technicians who designed and built the modern cabling machines made an enormous contribution by significantly reducing the degradation of wire performance that occurs when the wire was cabled. The fact that these gains were made while increasing the speed of cabling is one of the technological advances that made accelerators like the SSC possible. This article describes the cabling machines that were built to manufacture the cable for the full scale SSC prototype magnets and the low beta quadrupoles for the Fermilab Tevatron. This article also presents a compendium of the knowledge that was gained in the struggle to make high performance cable to exacting dimensional standards and at the throughput needed for the SSC. The material is an important part of the technology transfer from the Department of energy Laboratories to Industry.

Royet, J.

1990-10-01

421

New mold manufacturing techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Typically, optical molds have been made from silicon carbide (SiC) or tungsten carbide (WC). Magnetorheological Finishing (MRF) polishing results of SiC and WC molds will be reviewed. Impressive figure corrections have been demonstrated on both types of materials. The roughness performance of CVD-SiC, WC and binderless WC will be compared. However, the hardness and polycrystalline nature of these materials make them difficult to manufacture. In this paper we report positive initial results using an alternate mold material, glassy carbon. Test samples have been ground, pre-polished and finish polished to a 38 nm surface figure peak-to-valley (PV) and a 6 Å rms surface roughness, with improved cycle times versus SiC and WC. Glassy carbon is a promising mold material candidate as an amorphous material of lower hardness. The lower hardness leads to more effective diamond grinding process and results in a better surface rms roughness following MRF. After reviewing key material properties of glassy carbon material, this paper will describe some collaborative activities between Toshiba Machine Co., Ltd. and QED Technologies (QED) to manufacture representative examples of glassy carbon. Details of the grinding, pre-polishing and final polishing process will be provided along with the resultant metrology results after key steps. Molding experiments based on these developments will also be presented.

Hall, Chris; Tricard, Marc; Murakoshi, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Yoshihiro; Kuriyama, Kunitaka; Yoko, Hiroyoshi

2005-08-01

422

Cooperation and Contagion in Web-Based, Networked Public Goods Experiments  

PubMed Central

A longstanding idea in the literature on human cooperation is that cooperation should be reinforced when conditional cooperators are more likely to interact. In the context of social networks, this idea implies that cooperation should fare better in highly clustered networks such as cliques than in networks with low clustering such as random networks. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a series of web-based experiments, in which 24 individuals played a local public goods game arranged on one of five network topologies that varied between disconnected cliques and a random regular graph. In contrast with previous theoretical work, we found that network topology had no significant effect on average contributions. This result implies either that individuals are not conditional cooperators, or else that cooperation does not benefit from positive reinforcement between connected neighbors. We then tested both of these possibilities in two subsequent series of experiments in which artificial seed players were introduced, making either full or zero contributions. First, we found that although players did generally behave like conditional cooperators, they were as likely to decrease their contributions in response to low contributing neighbors as they were to increase their contributions in response to high contributing neighbors. Second, we found that positive effects of cooperation were contagious only to direct neighbors in the network. In total we report on 113 human subjects experiments, highlighting the speed, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness of web-based experiments over those conducted in physical labs. PMID:21412431

Suri, Siddharth; Watts, Duncan J.

2011-01-01

423

Posted 10/18/11 MANUFACTURING ENGINEER  

E-print Network

manufacturing processes in our Metal Fabrication and Assembly departments. Additional responsibilities includePosted 10/18/11 MANUFACTURING ENGINEER Kenall Manufacturing Gurnee, IL Kenall, a leading manufacturer of advanced lighting solutions for specialized environments, has exceptional opportunities

Heller, Barbara

424

Integrating post-manufacturing issues into design and manufacturing decisions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An investigation is conducted on research into some of the fundamental issues underlying the design for manufacturing, service and recycling that affect engineering decisions early in the conceptual design phase of mechanical systems. The investigation focuses on a system-based approach to material selection, manufacturing methods and assembly processes related to overall product requirements, performance and life-cycle costs. Particular emphasis is placed on concurrent engineering decision support for post-manufacturing issues such as serviceability, recyclability, and product retirement.

Eubanks, Charles F.

1996-01-01

425

The photovoltaic manufacturing technology project: A government/industry partnership  

SciTech Connect

The Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) project is a government/industry photovoltaic manufacturing research and development (R&D) project composed of partnerships between the federal government (through the US Department of Energy) and members of the US photovoltaic (PV) industry. It is designed to assist the US PV industry in improving manufacturing processes, accelerating manufacturing cost reductions for PV modules, increasing commercial product performance, and generally laying the groundwork for a substantial scale-up of US-based PV manufacturing plant capabilities. The project is being carried out in three separate phases, each focused on a specific approach to solving the problems identified by the industrial participants. These participants are selected through competitive procurements. Furthermore, the PVMaT project has been specifically structured to ensure that these PV manufacturing R&D subcontract awards are selected with no intention of either directing funding toward specific PV technologies (e.g., amorphous silicon, polycrystalline thin films, etc.), or spreading the awards among a number of technologies (e.g., one subcontract in each area). Each associated subcontract under any phase of this project is, and will continue to be, selected for funding on its own technical and cost merits. Phase 1, the problem identification phase, was completed early in 1991. Phase 2 is now under way. This is the solution phase of the project and addresses problems of specific manufacturers. The envisioned subcontracts under Phase 2 may be up to three years in duration and will be highly cost-shared between the US government and US industrial participants. Phase 3, is also under way. General issues related to PV module development will be studied through various teaming arrangements. 25 refs.

Mitchell, R.L.; Witt, C.E.; Mooney, G.D.

1991-12-01

426

The photovoltaic manufacturing technology project: A government/industry partnership  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) project is a government/industry photovoltaic manufacturing research and development (R&D) project composed of partnerships between the federal government (through the US Department of Energy) and members of the US photovoltaic (PV) industry. It is designed to assist the US PV industry in improving manufacturing processes, accelerating manufacturing cost reductions for PV modules, increasing commercial product performance, and generally laying the groundwork for a substantial scale-up of US-based PV manufacturing plant capabilities. The project is being carried out in three separate phases, each focused on a specific approach to solving the problems identified by the industrial participants. These participants are selected through competitive procurements. Furthermore, the PVMaT project has been specifically structured to ensure that these PV manufacturing R&D subcontract awards are selected with no intention of either directing funding toward specific PV technologies (e.g., amorphous silicon, polycrystalline thin films, etc.), or spreading the awards among a number of technologies (e.g., one subcontract in each area). Each associated subcontract under any phase of this project is, and will continue to be, selected for funding on its own technical and cost merits. Phase 1, the problem identification phase, was completed early in 1991. Phase 2 is now under way. This is the solution phase of the project and addresses problems of specific manufacturers. The envisioned subcontracts under Phase 2 may be up to three years in duration and will be highly cost-shared between the US government and US industrial participants. Phase 3, is also under way. General issues related to PV module development will be studied through various teaming arrangements.

Mitchell, R. L.; Witt, C. E.; Mooney, G. D.

1991-12-01

427

Part IV: Other International Arrangement of Interest Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Oceans and Fisheries Working Group  

E-print Network

projects and other activities to address such issues as: impacts of marine pollution on coastal habitat. Similarly, the APEC region encompasses large and varied marine and coastal environments that support marine biodiversity and contribute to marine-related industries, associated economic growth, and food security

428

45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...Office-related costs, such as space, equipment, furnishings and...

2011-10-01

429

45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...Office-related costs, such as space, equipment, furnishings and...

2012-10-01

430

45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...Office-related costs, such as space, equipment, furnishings and...

2013-10-01

431

This Material Copyrighted By Its Respective Manufacturer This Material Copyrighted By Its Respective Manufacturer  

E-print Network

This Material Copyrighted By Its Respective Manufacturer #12;This Material Copyrighted By Its Respective Manufacturer #12;This Material Copyrighted By Its Respective Manufacturer #12;This Material Copyrighted By Its Respective Manufacturer #12;This Material Copyrighted By Its Respective Manufacturer #12

Lanterman, Aaron

432

ON LEFT REGULAR BANDS AND REAL CONIC-LINE ARRANGEMENTS MICHAEL FRIEDMAN AND DAVID GARBER  

E-print Network

ON LEFT REGULAR BANDS AND REAL CONIC-LINE ARRANGEMENTS MICHAEL FRIEDMAN AND DAVID GARBER Abstract generalization of line arrangements, that is, conic­line arrangements. Investigating the different algebraic structures induced on the face poset of a conic­line arrange- ment, we present two possibilities

Boyer, Edmond

433

Workplace Flexibility Arrangements A flexible work arrangement can be a useful tool for managers and for exempt and non-exempt employees. It  

E-print Network

PPSM 31 Exhibit A 8/25/08 1 of 1 Workplace Flexibility Arrangements A flexible work arrangement can jams. Some common types of flexible work arrangements are: Compressed Work Week. Fewer work days per, but the start and end times are flexible. There are core hours during which the employee must be present

Leistikow, Bruce N.

434

Practical Education Support to Foster Engineers at Manufacturing and Engineering Design Center in Muroran Institute of Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To foster engineers with creative power, Muroran Institute of Technology established Manufacturing and Engineering Design Center (MEDeC) that concentrates on Monozukuri. MEDeC consists of three project groups : i) Education Support Group provides educational support for practical training classes on and off campus and PDCA (plan-do-check-action) -conscious engineering design education related to Monozukuri ; ii) Fundamental Manufacturing Research Group carries out nurture research into fundamental and innovative technology of machining and manufacturing, and iii) Regional Cooperation Group coordinates the activities in cooperation with bureau, schools and industries in and around Muroran City. MEDeC has a fully integrated collection of machine tools and hand tools for manufacturing, an atelier, a tatara workplace, implements for measurement and related equipment designed for practically teaching state-of-the-practice manufacturing methods.

Kazama, Toshiharu; Hanajima, Naohiko; Shimizu, Kazumichi; Satoh, Kohki

435

Teaching problem solving through cooperative grouping. Part 2: Designing problems and structuring groups  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A supportive environment based on cooperative grouping was developed to foster students' learning of an effective problem-solving strategy. Experiments to adapt the technique of cooperative grouping to physics problem solving were carried out in two diverse settings: a large introductory course at state university, and a small modern physics class at a community college. Groups were more likely to use an effective problem-solving strategy when given context-rich problems to solve than when given standard textbook problems. Well-functioning cooperative groups were found to result from specific structural and management procedures governing group members' interactions. Group size, the gender and ability composition of groups, seating arrangement, role assignment, textbook use, and group as well as individual testing were all found to contribute to the problem-solving performance of cooperative groups.

Heller, Patricia; Hollabaugh, Mark

1992-07-01

436

Teaching Problem Solving Through Cooperative Grouping. Part 2: Designing Problems and Structuring Groups  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A supportive environment based on cooperative grouping was developed to foster students' learning of an effective problem-solving strategy. Experiments to adapt the technique of cooperative grouping to physics problem solving were carried out in two diverse settings: a large introductory course at a state university, and a small modern physics class at a community college. Groups were more likely to use an effective problem-solving strategy when given context-rich problems to solve than when given standard textbook problems. Well-functioning cooperative groups were found to result from specific structural and management procedures governing group members' interactions. Group size, the gender and ability composition of groups, seating arrangement, role assignment, textbook use, and group as well as individual testing were all found to contribute to the problem-solving performance of cooperative groups.

Heller, Patricia; Hollabaugh, Mark

2006-06-19

437

Cooling arrangement for the locking device in pressure gasification reactors  

SciTech Connect

A cooling arrangement particularly for cooling a locking device arranged in a fuel feed opening of pressure gasification generators comprises a lock seat connected to the generator and a lock cone adapted for moving into and out of engagement with the lock seat and provided with a supply line to provide a cooling medium to the lock cone and a discharge line through which the used medium is drained off the lock cone. The lock cone is formed as a hollow body with a cooling chamber in its interior and is provided with guide means extending towards the lowermost area of the lock cone to direct the cooling medium into contact with the mostly overheated lowermost area of the lock cone positioned in a close relationship with the pressure gasification generator.

Jaschke, P.; Monch, E.; Weber, R.

1981-06-02

438

Antireflective structures fabricated from silica nanoparticles with regular arrangement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novel antireflective surfaces with silica particles arranged regularly and tightly are proposed and fabricated by self assemble silica nanoparticle through electrostatic attraction between charged colloidal particles and charged polyelectrolyte multilayer. Due to regularly arrangement of the particles, the nanoparticle coatings, as homogeneous porous layers with uniform distribution, show high-quality and uniform antireflective capability in each region on the substrate. It has been sufficiently demonstrated in our experiments. Furthermore, the relations among the antireflective capability, average size of nanoparticles, and incident angle of the irradiated light are calculated by finite-difference time-domain method. It is demonstrated that the nanostructure coatings with particles of 100 nm size possess the excellently suitable performance for reflection/transmission with respect to visible-light region. From the results, the fabricated anti-reflective nanostructures have great potential to improve the efficiency of optoelectronic devices such as a photo-detector and solar cells.

Zhang, Yukun; Liu, Yan; Pang, Hui; Shi, Lifang; Dong, Xiaochun; Deng, Qiling; Du, Jinglei; Yin, Shaoyun; Du, Chunlei

2012-11-01

439

Allostery and cooperativity revisited  

PubMed Central

Although phenomenlogical models that account for cooperativity in allosteric systems date back to the early and mid-60's (e.g., the KNF and MWC models), there is resurgent interest in the topic due to the recent experimental and computational studies that attempted to reveal, at an atomistic level, how allostery actually works. In this review, using systems for which atomistic simulations have been carried out in our groups as examples, we describe the current understanding of allostery, how the mechanisms go beyond the classical MWC/Pauling-KNF descriptions, and point out that the “new view” of allostery, emphasizing “population shifts,” is, in fact, an “old view.” The presentation offers not only an up-to-date description of allostery from a theoretical/computational perspective, but also helps to resolve several outstanding issues concerning allostery. PMID:18560010

Cui, Qiang; Karplus, Martin

2008-01-01

440

Cooperative phenomena in swarms  

SciTech Connect

A model of the cooperative behavior of a large number of locally acting organisms is proposed. The space in which the organisms move is discretized, and is modeled by a lattice of nodes, or cells. Each cell has a specified volume, and is connected to other cells in the space in a definite way. Organisms move probabilistically between local cells in this space, but with weights dependent on local morphogenic substances, or morphogens. The morphogens are in turn are effected by the passage of an organism. The evolution of the morphogens, and the corresponding flow of the organisms constitutes the collective behavior of the group. The generic properties of such systems are analyzed, and a number of results are obtained. The model has various types of phase transitions and self-organizing properties controlled both by the level of the noise, and other parameters.

Millonas, M.M.

1992-12-01

441

Cooperative phenomena in swarms  

SciTech Connect

A model of the cooperative behavior of a large number of locally acting organisms is proposed. The space in which the organisms move is discretized, and is modeled by a lattice of nodes, or cells. Each cell has a specified volume, and is connected to other cells in the space in a definite way. Organisms move probabilistically between local cells in this space, but with weights dependent on local morphogenic substances, or morphogens. The morphogens are in turn are effected by the passage of an organism. The evolution of the morphogens, and the corresponding flow of the organisms constitutes the collective behavior of the group. The generic properties of such systems are analyzed, and a number of results are obtained. The model has various types of phase transitions and self-organizing properties controlled both by the level of the noise, and other parameters.

Millonas, M.M.

1992-01-01

442

Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing (ECM)  

SciTech Connect

The Kansas City Plant (KCP) is operated for the Department of Energy (DOE) as the Kansas City Division of Allied-Signal Inc. The KCP produces and procures non-nuclear electrical, electronic, electromechanical, plastic, and metal components for nuclear weapons. Environmental goals at the KCP are to clean up, maintain, and operate the governmental facilities in the most environmentally advantageous manner consistent with regulations. New environmental technologies that are developed by the design laboratories and the KCP are incorporated into the DOE manufacturing facilities, and information is shared with the outside industry through meetings, publications, and seminars. This booklet presents current projects on solvent waste streams, polymer waste streams, plating waste streams, and miscellaneous waste stream minimization projects. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-09-01

443

Manufacture of Probiotic Bacteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been used for many years as natural biopreservatives in fermented foods. A small group of LAB are also believed to have beneficial health effects on the host, so called probiotic bacteria. Probiotics have emerged from the niche industry from Asia into European and American markets. Functional foods are one of the fastest growing markets today, with estimated growth to 20 billion dollars worldwide by 2010 (GIA, 2008). The increasing demand for probiotics and the new food markets where probiotics are introduced, challenges the industry to produce high quantities of probiotic cultures in a viable and stable form. Dried concentrated probiotic cultures are the most convenient form for incorporation into functional foods, given the ease of storage, handling and transport, especially for shelf-stable functional products. This chapter will discuss various aspects of the challenges associated with the manufacturing of probiotic cultures.

Muller, J. A.; Ross, R. P.; Fitzgerald, G. F.; Stanton, C.

444

Technology transfer and other public policy implications of multi-national arrangements for the production of commercial airframes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study to examine the question of technology transfer through international arrangements for production of commercial transport aircraft is presented. The likelihood of such transfer under various representative conditions was determined and an understanding of the economic motivations for, effects of, joint venture arrangements was developed. Relevant public policy implications were also assessed. Multinational consortia with U.S. participation were focused upon because they generate the full range of pertinent public issues (including especially technology transfer), and also because of recognized trends toward such arrangements. An extensive search and analysis of existing literature to identify the key issues, and in-person interviews with executives of U.S. and European commercial airframe producers was reviewed. Distinctions were drawn among product-embodied, process, and management technologies in terms of their relative possibilities of transfer and the significance of such transfer. Also included are observations on related issues such as the implications of U.S. antitrust policy with respect to the formation of consortia and the competitive viability of the U.S. aircraft manufacturing industry.

Gellman, A. J.; Price, J. P.

1978-01-01

445

Dermatology and pathology arrangements: navigating the compliance risks.  

PubMed

Purchased service arrangements, establishing in-house professional pathology services, conducting technical component histology within a dermatology practice, and electronic medical records technology donations are ways that dermatology practices are responding to the current health care delivery and payment changes. This article will provide a general framework for navigating the compliance risks and structure considerations associated with these relationships between dermatologists and pathologists. PMID:24800424

Wood, Jane Pine; Cougevan, Bridget; McGovern, Jenny

2013-12-01

446

Hydrodynamic derivatives investigation of unconventionally arranged pusher-barge systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unconventional arrangements of pusher-barge systems were studied in this paper. Pusher-barge systems consisting of 4, 6, and\\u000a 8 barges with one pusher were tested in various combinations. Captive model testing was performed on the various combinations\\u000a at the Hiroshima University towing tank. Hydrodynamic derivatives of the systems were obtained from the model test data by\\u000a using the least-square analysis method.

Koh King Koh; Hironori Yasukawa; Noritaka Hirata

2008-01-01

447

MM Transmission Arrangement Requirements for Conventional Automotive Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a An automotive vehicle’s transmission arrangement comprises the whole of the components concerned with transmitting ECE or\\u000a ICE power as well as F-M, P-M or E-M motor power to the road wheels, that is, the M-M clutch and manual transmission (MT), termed the ‘gearbox’, semi-automatic transmission (SAT), fully-automatic transmission (FAT) or continuously-variable transmission (CVT), the propeller shaft (driveshaft), and final drive

B. T. Fijalkowski

448

Partial Ownership Arrangements and Collusion in the Automobile Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a conjectural variation model that allows for partial ownership arrangements and foreign trade. This model is applied to the Japanese and U.S. automobile industries. Although collusion is found to occur in the Japanese automobile industry, it is found to be more competitive than the U.S. automobile industry. The effect imports have on firms' price-cost margins in both

Wilson A Alley

1997-01-01

449

Gorgias’ “undeclared” theory of arrangement: A postscript to Smeltzer  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a recent essay, Mark A. Smeltzer finds in Gorgias’ speeches a theory of arrangement that has two components: a four?part division of the speech as a whole and a three?step pattern of individual argument construction. In response we argue: 1) the four?part division is not apparent in Gorgias’ speeches; 2) the three?step pattern is characteristic of “ring composition” rather

Wilfred E. Major; Edward Schiappa

1997-01-01

450

Permanent cavity seal ring for a nuclear reactor containment arrangement  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a nuclear reactor containment arrangement. It comprises: a reactor pressure vessel which thermally expands and contracts during cyclic operation of the reactor, the vessel having a peripheral wall and a horizontally outwardly extending flange thereon; a containment wall having a shelf, the wall spaced from and surrounding the peripheral wall of the reactor pressure vessel defining an annular expansion gap therebetween, and an annular ring seal extending across the annular expansion gap to provide a water-tight seal therebetween.

Swidwa, K.J.; Salton, R.B.; Marshall, J.R.

1990-02-27

451

HCPV trackers arrangement based on space coordinate transformations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new pattern of space coordinate system based on sun-tracking surface has been introduced in this paper. The calculation of shadow area between HCPV trackers has been simplified within this kind of coordinate system. The spaces between rows and columns of HCPV arrays can be calculated accurately. Therefore, an appropriate layout of trackers arrangement for a HCPV power plant can be determined and designed by use of this method.

Mi, Zhe; Chen, Nuofu; Liu, Hu; Bai, Yiming; Zhang, Xiulan; Chen, Jikun; Wang, Xiangwu

2014-09-01

452

EffEctivE 08/1007/11 Arrangements | 1  

E-print Network

Continental breakFasts 6 breakFast buFFet 6 breakFast enhanCements 7 Ã? la Carte breakFast seleCtions 7 Lunch Selections | 8 box lunChes 9 ColD lunCheon buFFets 10 PlateD lunCheons 11 Lunch and Dinner Buffets | 13 hot at the School of Management, please call 617-358-2031. We suggest that your catering arrangements be made

Goldberg, Bennett

453

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy based on data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey. The sample used in this report represented about 250,000 of the largest manufacturing establishments which account for approximately 98 percent of U.S. economic output from manufacturing, and an expected similar proportion of manufacturing energy use. The amount of energy use was collected for all operations of each establishment surveyed. Highlights of the report include profiles for the four major energy-consuming industries (petroleum refining, chemical, paper, and primary metal industries), and an analysis of the effects of changes in the natural gas and electricity markets on the manufacturing sector. Seven appendices are included to provide detailed background information. 10 figs., 51 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01

454

Agricultural Cooperatives I: History, Theory and Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the principles of cooperation and briefly describes the history and development of agricultural cooperatives in developed and less-developed countries, with particular emphasis on South Africa. A new Cooperatives Act, based on international principles of cooperation, was promulgated in South Africa in August 2005. The theory of cooperatives, and new institutional economics theory (NIE) (including transaction cost economics,

Gerald F. Ortmann; Robert P. King

2007-01-01

455

Cooperative learning: effective teamwork for engineering classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A definition of cooperative learning and a brief overview of types of cooperative learning groups-informal, formal, and base, are presented. Essential elements of a well-structured formal cooperative learning group are considered along with the professor's role in structuring a problem-based cooperative learning group. A summary of research support for cooperative learning is also presented

Karl A. Smith

1995-01-01

456

Molecular arrangement in water: random but not quite.  

PubMed

Water defines life on Earth from the cellular to the terrestrial level. Yet the molecular level arrangement in water is not well understood, posing problems in comprehending its very special chemical, physical and biological properties. Here we present high-resolution x-ray diffraction data for water clearly showing that its molecular arrangement exhibits specific correlations that are consistent with the presence of rings of H(2)O molecules linked together by hydrogen bonds into tetrahedral-like units from a continuous network. This level of molecular arrangement complexity is beyond what a simple 'two-state' model of water (Bernal and Fowler 1933 J. Chem. Phys.1 515-48) could explain. It may not be explained by the recently put forward 'chains-clusters of completely uncorrelated molecules' model (Wernet et al 2004 Science 304 995-9) either. Rather it indicates that water is homogeneous down to the molecular level where different water molecules form tetrahedral units of different perfection and/or participate in rings of different sizes, thus experiencing different local environments. The local diversity of this tetrahedral network coupled to the flexibility of the hydrogen bonds that hold it together may explain well the rich phase diagram of water and why it responds non-uniformly to external stimuli such as, for example, temperature and pressure. PMID:22418283

Petkov, V; Ren, Y; Suchomel, M

2012-04-18

457

Molecular arrangement in water: random but not quite.  

SciTech Connect

Water defines life on Earth from the cellular to the terrestrial level. Yet the molecular level arrangement in water is not well understood, posing problems in comprehending its very special chemical, physical and biological properties. Here we present high-resolution x-ray diffraction data for water clearly showing that its molecular arrangement exhibits specific correlations that are consistent with the presence of rings of H{sub 2}O molecules linked together by hydrogen bonds into tetrahedral-like units from a continuous network. This level of molecular arrangement complexity is beyond what a simple 'two-state' model of water (Bernal and Fowler 1933 J. Chem. Phys.1 515-48) could explain. It may not be explained by the recently put forward 'chains-clusters of completely uncorrelated molecules' model (Wernet et al 2004 Science 304 995-9) either. Rather it indicates that water is homogeneous down to the molecular level where different water molecules form tetrahedral units of different perfection and/or participate in rings of different sizes, thus experiencing different local environments. The local diversity of this tetrahedral network coupled to the flexibility of the hydrogen bonds that hold it together may explain well the rich phase diagram of water and why it responds non-uniformly to external stimuli such as, for example, temperature and pressure.

Petkov, V.; Ren, Y.; Suchomel, M. R. (X-Ray Science Division); (Central Michigan University)

2012-01-01

458

COOPERATIVE FISH AND WILDLIFE RESEARCH  

E-print Network

COOPERATIVE FISH AND WILDLIFE RESEARCH UNITS PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT 2006 #12;Front cover photos: Top. #12;2006 ANNUAL REPORT iANNUAL REPORT 2006 COOPERATIVE FISH AND WILDLIFE RESEARCH UNITS PROGRAM Above Harbor, Alaska, to study the navigational needs of small boats and commercial fishing vessels. Laboratory

459

Cooperation of Computational Intelligence Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a multi agent platform targeted toward the area of computational intelligence modeling is presented. We show the design of various computational agents creating multi agent systems, as well as the infrastructure capabilities. The focus of the system is the cooperation of agents, their interchangeability autonomous behavior, and emergence of new models. Two main areas of cooperation are

Roman Neruda

2006-01-01

460

Cooperative Learning in Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning is being recommended as a solution for numerous education problems, from enhancing disadvantaged children's self-esteem to ensuring academic success for all students. Cooperative learning has great potential as a supplement or alternative to traditional teaching methods when students are adequately socialized and motivated.…

Hadderman, Margaret

1992-01-01

461

Cooperative Education for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative education must move into a new era of radically different, technology-driven environments in which work and study are blurred. Characteristics of a new cooperative education include (1) simultaneous study and work; (2) co-op integrated into courses; (3) faculty as consultants on co-op opportunities; (4) change in financial remuneration…

Hall, James W.

1999-01-01

462

Cooperative Learning for Better Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that linking music ensemble programs and cooperative learning strategies often has been overlooked. Describes the benefits of cooperative learning techniques for music performance preparation. Concludes that the small-group approach can enhance traditional music programs by offering students the chance to make their own decisions. (CFR)

Di Natale, John J.; Russell, Gordon

1995-01-01

463

Implementation of Cooperative Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is addressed principally to college personnel who may have direct program responsibilities or who may otherwise have an impact upon the development of cooperative education. The aim of this report is twofold: first, to describe the research undertaken by the staff of Northeastern University Cooperative Education Research Center…

Wilson, James W.; And Others

464

An Institutional Theory Of Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this study is to establish an institutional economics framework of interorganizational cooperation specific to supply chain management. In contrast to transaction cost economics, an institutional economics approach uses social institutions to explain transactions. This theory develops a framework using the causal relationships of interorganizational trust, individualism and collectivism, and JIT\\/TQM on interorganizational cooperation. Moreover, JIT\\/TQM is hypothesized

Daniel A. Glaser-Segura; Laurentiu-Dan Anghel

2002-01-01

465

Generation Z, Meet Cooperative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's Generation Z teens need to develop teamwork and social learning skills to be successful in the 21st century workplace. Teachers can help students develop these skills and enhance academic achievement by implementing cooperative learning strategies. Three key principles for successful cooperative learning are discussed. (Contains 1 figure.)

Igel, Charles; Urquhart, Vicki

2012-01-01

466

Laura Candler's Cooperative Learning Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage contains links to information on how to promote cooperative learning in the classroom, much of it based on the work of Dr. Spencer Kagan. Laura provides suggestions on creating a caring classroom and teaching social skills. She offers strategies, sample structures, and printables that support the management of cooperative learning.

2011-01-01

467

Cooperative Learning and Elementary Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article highlights the five essential components of cooperative learning, provides a quick overview of the research behind the strategy, describes three of the most common types, and offers ideas on how to get started using cooperative learning at the elementary level.

Lightle, Kimberly

468

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the US economy. These estimates are based on data from the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This survey--administered by the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA)--is the most comprehensive source of national-level data on energy-related information for the manufacturing industries.

Not Available

1994-12-01

469

Manufacturing of 1-3 piezocomposite SonoPanel transducers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A manufacturing capability has been established for 1-3 PZT-polymer composite materials and transducers. Uniform arrays of identical PZT rods are formed by a cost-effective ceramic injection molding process. Sintered and poled 1-3 ceramic preforms, containing 361 PZT rods 1.1 mm diameter on a 50 mm square base plate, are arranged to produce 15 or 30 PZT volume percent composite materials with a hard or soft polymeric matrix. More than 2000 identical PZT preforms were produced and more than thirty 250 mm square SonoPanel transducers have been manufactured. The transducers have been found to be well suited for a variety of underwater acoustic applications. Fifteen SonoPanels have been incorporated into a 3 X 5 array as part of a Navy system demonstration.

Gentilman, Richard L.; Fiore, Daniel; Pham-Nguyen, Hong; Serwatka, William J.; Bowen, Leslie J.

1995-05-01

470

The Hard Problem of Cooperation  

PubMed Central

Based on individual variation in cooperative inclinations, we define the “hard problem of cooperation” as that of achieving high levels of cooperation in a group of non-cooperative types. Can the hard problem be solved by institutions with monitoring and sanctions? In a laboratory experiment we find that the answer is affirmative if the institution is imposed on the group but negative if development of the institution is left to the group to vote on. In the experiment, participants were divided into groups of either cooperative types or non-cooperative types depending on their behavior in a public goods game. In these homogeneous groups they repeatedly played a public goods game regulated by an institution that incorporated several of the key properties identified by Ostrom: operational rules, monitoring, rewards, punishments, and (in one condition) change of rules. When change of rules was not possible and punishments were set to be high, groups of both types generally abided by operational rules demanding high contributions to the common good, and thereby achieved high levels of payoffs. Under less severe rules, both types of groups did worse but non-cooperative types did worst. Thus, non-cooperative groups profited the most from being governed by an institution demanding high contributions and employing high punishments. Nevertheless, in a condition where change of rules through voting was made possible, development of the institution in this direction was more often voted down in groups of non-cooperative types. We discuss the relevance of the hard problem and fit our results into a bigger picture of institutional and individual determinants of cooperative behavior. PMID:22792282

Eriksson, Kimmo; Strimling, Pontus

2012-01-01

471

Development and innovation potential in the Slovene manufacturing industry: first analysis of an industrial innovation survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focussing on the firms' internal innovation capabilities and the external co-operative links, it is the aim of the paper to describe the structural composition of Slovenian manufacturing firms with respect to their innovative activities, to analyse their innovative performance using input and output indicators, and to assess their networking intensity with the different actors in the innovation system. Altogether, not

Ulrike Bross; Knut Koschatzky; Peter Stanovnik

1999-01-01

472

Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Technology Transfer and Training Initiative (ECMT3I) Technology Transfer Model Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Technology Transfer and Training Initiative (ECMT3I) is a cooperative effort among education and research institutions in New Mexico to analyze problems in transferring environmental technologies from Department of Energy laboratories to small and medium enterprises (SME's). The goal of the ECMT3I is to…

Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM.

473

Manufacturing for the Hydrogen Economy Manufacturing Research & Development  

E-print Network

Manufacturing for the Hydrogen Economy Manufacturing Research & Development of Onboard Hydrogen, President Bush announced a $1.2 billion Hydrogen Fuel Initiative to accelerate the development of the hydrogen and fuel cell technologies needed to move the United States toward a future hydrogen economy

474

GDP Manufacturing (annual)MCI US Manufacturing Economic Activity  

E-print Network

1 GDP Manufacturing (annual)MCI Index Billion$ 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 0 120 100 80 60, Manufacturing Composite Index of Leading Indicators (MCI), taps data from the US Census Bureau and the US Bureau mining, Bustos and Barraza compiled graphs plotting the MCI against GDP for several subsectors. When

475

Exploring Manufacturing Occupations. Instructor's Guide. The Manufacturing Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major focus of this guide and its accompanying student manual (CE 010 397) is to help the student understand the manufacturing enterprise. (The guide and student manual are part of a manufacturing cluster series which addresses itself to career awareness, orientation, exploration, and preparation.) Seven sections are included. An overview of…

Fairleigh Dickinson Univ., Rutherford, NJ.

476

Exploring Manufacturing Occupations. Student's Manual. The Manufacturing Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student manual and the accompanying instructor's guide (CE 010 376) are directed toward exploring manufacturing occupations. It is designed to help the student explore the various career, occupational, and job related fields found within the manufacturing occupations. Four sections are included. An overview of career education and…

Fairleigh Dickinson Univ., Rutherford, NJ.

477

Cooperation and control: the Tobacco Institute of Australia  

PubMed Central

Objective: To describe the history of the Tobacco Institute of Australia (TIA), particularly regarding connections between local and international cigarette manufacturers and tobacco organisations. Design: Analysis of 4541 industry documents from the world wide web. Results: From 1978 to 1983 the TIA built strong international networks via ICOSI/INFOTAB and the US Tobacco Institute, and defended existing industry freedoms. 1983 to 1989 was the TIA's aggressive heyday, led primarily by John Dollisson. From 1989 to 1994, following the decision in Australian Federation of Consumer Organisations vs TIA, local and international industry lawyers assumed control. Between 1994 and 1997 a brief revival led into decline and then dissolution, as previously common ground became commercially competitive issues for the manufacturers. The TIA facilitated interconnectedness: between local manufacturers; via individuals who played multiple roles; to international tobacco organisations; through the industry's local and international counsel; and by acting as a conduit for information. Conclusion: The local tobacco industry was comprehensively informed on issues including smoking and health, and connected to the international industry, via the TIA. The manufacturers were closely involved in the TIA's activities, and cooperated through the TIA in a manner detrimental to Australian consumers. The TIA's conduct was the responsibility of local and international manufacturers and their counsel. PMID:14645949

Carter, S

2003-01-01

478

Requirements for co-operation and knowledge sharing in Virtual Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organisations in general and Manufacturing systems particular are changing its structure and behaviours, evolving to more dynamic organisation forms like extended enterprise or virtual enterprises. Enterprises will focus its core competencies though outsourcing complementary products or even actively pursuit cooperation partners to mutually complement activities. New organisational and technological paradigms had been proposed in order to reply to these challenges,

Nuno Silva; João Rocha

479

A Qualitative Study of Information Technology Students' Learning Outcomes during a Cooperative Education Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe the learning outcomes of the cooperative-education experience from an Information Technology student's perspective at a large Fortune 500 manufacturing/sales company located in the Midwest United States. Open-ended interview questions were developed based on the four-component model…

Krejci, Katherine T.

2010-01-01

480

7 CFR 611.2 - Cooperative relationships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION OPERATIONS SOIL SURVEYS General § 611.2 Cooperative relationships. (a) Soil surveys on nonfederal lands are carried...cooperating party in the performance of soil surveys. Similar cooperative...

2013-01-01

481

7 CFR 611.2 - Cooperative relationships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION OPERATIONS SOIL SURVEYS General § 611.2 Cooperative relationships. (a) Soil surveys on nonfederal lands are carried...cooperating party in the performance of soil surveys. Similar cooperative...

2011-01-01

482

7 CFR 611.2 - Cooperative relationships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION OPERATIONS SOIL SURVEYS General § 611.2 Cooperative relationships. (a) Soil surveys on nonfederal lands are carried...cooperating party in the performance of soil surveys. Similar cooperative...

2012-01-01

483

7 CFR 1220.107 - Cooperator organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Cooperator organization. 1220.107 Section 1220...Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.107 Cooperator organization. The term Cooperator Organization means the American Soybean...

2010-01-01

484

Some Thoughts about Research in Cooperative Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the status of cooperative education research; presents an analytical discussion on issues related to the evolution of cooperative education research (dissemination, graduate programs, co-op practitioners); and offers suggestions for enhancing research in cooperative education. (JOW)

Bartkus, Kenneth R.; Stull, William A.

1997-01-01

485

7 CFR 611.2 - Cooperative relationships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION OPERATIONS SOIL SURVEYS General § 611.2 Cooperative relationships. (a) Soil surveys on nonfederal lands are carried...cooperating party in the performance of soil surveys. Similar cooperative...

2010-01-01

486

49 CFR 11.114 - Cooperative research.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Cooperative research. 11.114 Section 11.114 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 11.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research...

2010-10-01

487

40 CFR 26.114 - Cooperative research.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Cooperative research. 26.114 Section 26.114 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...Human Research Conducted or Supported by EPA § 26.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research...

2010-07-01

488

38 CFR 21.4257 - Cooperative courses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Cooperative courses. 21.4257 Section 21.4257 Pensions...Administration of Educational Assistance Programs Courses § 21.4257 Cooperative courses. A cooperative course may be approved...

2011-07-01

489

38 CFR 21.4257 - Cooperative courses.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Cooperative courses. 21.4257 Section 21.4257 Pensions...Administration of Educational Assistance Programs Courses § 21.4257 Cooperative courses. A cooperative course may be approved...

2014-07-01

490

38 CFR 21.4257 - Cooperative courses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cooperative courses. 21.4257 Section 21.4257 Pensions...Administration of Educational Assistance Programs Courses § 21.4257 Cooperative courses. A cooperative course may be approved...

2012-07-01

491

38 CFR 21.4257 - Cooperative courses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Cooperative courses. 21.4257 Section 21.4257 Pensions...Administration of Educational Assistance Programs Courses § 21.4257 Cooperative courses. A cooperative course may be approved...

2013-07-01

492

38 CFR 21.4257 - Cooperative courses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cooperative courses. 21.4257 Section 21.4257 Pensions...Administration of Educational Assistance Programs Courses § 21.4257 Cooperative courses. A cooperative course may be approved...

2010-07-01

493

Overview of Regional Cooperative Research Programs  

E-print Network

Overview of Regional Cooperative Research Programs August 2007 1 #12;Table of Contents SUMMARY........................................................................................................ 2 Table 1. Overview of national and regional cooperative research program, including lead agency NATIONAL COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM........................................................... 5

494

Designing MEMS for manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MEMS (micro electro-mechanical systems) are often expected to take a development as microelectronics did in the last 35 years. Several devices are already established in mass markets like acceleration sensors, gyros, pressure sensors, ink jet heads and the DLP micromirror array. On the other hand many companies have stopped their business after the telecom bubble. Others are struggling. Many dreams based on MEMS-devices that were not at all mature and could not be manufactured in high numbers. When a commercial product is the goal, several questions must be answered already in concept phase. The specifications must clearly reflect the requirements of the application. Performance and price must be competitive to any other technology. The relation between fabrication process and design is strong and mutual. The process must create all features of the device and the design must consider the limitations of the process. Only if the design is tolerant against all process variations reproducible performance can be achieved. And only if the design is robust in all process steps the devices can survive. Regarding the time and cost frame it is always preferable to change the layout rather than the process. This article looks at MEMS technology and identifies what has been adopted from CMOS, what is desirable to adopt and what needs new solutions. Examples are given in the fields of design, modeling layout, process, test, and packaging.

Wolter, Alexander; Herrmann, Andreas; Yildiz, Goekhan; Schenk, Harald; Lakner, Hubert

2004-10-01

495

Application of manufactured products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A wide range of products can be manufactured from the following materials: (1) lunar regolith or basalt; (2) regolith or rock beneficiated to concentrate plagioclase or other minerals; (3) iron, extracted from lunar soil or rocks by various means; (4) naturally occurring or easily obtained materials that have cementitious properties; and (5) byproducts of the above materials. Among the products that can be produced from these materials are the following: beams; plates and sheets; transparent plates (windows); bricks and blocks; pipes and tubes; low-density materials (foams); fiber, wire, and cables; foils and reflective coatings; hermetic seals (coatings); and formed objects. In addition to oxygen, which can be obtained by several processes, either from unbeneficiated regolith or by reduction of concentrated ilmenite, these materials make the simplest requirements of the lunar resource extraction system. A thorough analysis of the impact of these simplest products on the economics of space operations is not possible at this point. Research is necessary both to define optimum techniques and adapt them to space and to determine the probable market for the products so that the priority of various processes can be assessed. Discussions of the following products are presented: aerobraking heat shields; pressurized habitats; lunar photovoltaic farms; and agricultural systems.

Sastri, Sankar; Duke, Michael B.

1992-01-01

496

Petrick Technology Trends Of Manufacturing  

E-print Network

#12;323 Petrick Technology Trends chapter 9 The Future Of Manufacturing Irene Petrick Technology of this approach lies a need to capture the breezes #12;Petrick Technology Trends 325 of today that will turn Trends This chapter is a story about the future of manufacturing based on three predictions: � that firms

497

Job Prospects for Manufacturing Engineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coming from a variety of disciplines, manufacturing engineers are keys to industry's efforts to modernize, with demand exceeding supply. The newest and fastest-growing areas include machine vision, composite materials, and manufacturing automation protocols, each of which is briefly discussed. (JN)

Basta, Nicholas

1985-01-01

498

SOURCE ASSESSMENT: CARBON BLACK MANUFACTURE  

EPA Science Inventory

The report summarizes the assessment of air emissions from the manufacture of carbon black, currently manufactured in the U.S. by two major processes: thermal and oil furnace. Sources of atmospheric emissions within oil furnace plants (about 90% of the 30 U.S. carbon black plants...

499

Manufacturing strategy and environmental consciousness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ecological and environmental issues are playing a larger role in corporate and manufacturing strategies. Global and domestic environmental regulations and laws are forcing many organizations to consider environmental impacts of all functions and business processes and products. In this paper the environmental consciousness issues pertaining to manufacturing and operations management are presented. A general strategic framework on how to manage

Joseph Sarkis

1995-01-01

500

Modularity in Flexible Manufacturing Workcells  

E-print Network

was introduced to machine tools. Soon CNC machine tools became versatile manufacturing machines. Given the proper115 3 Modularity in Flexible Manufacturing Workcells 3.1 Introduction For a workstation without additional work. To facilitate the ability to interchange modular hardware, it is beneficial

Causey, Gregory C.