Science.gov

Sample records for corderos post destete

  1. Final Evaluation Report on the Rafael Cordero Bilingual School, 1978-79.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cervenka, Edward J.; Rodriguez-Munoz, Juan

    The Rafael Cordero Bilingual School (RCBS) provides a basic program in bilingual education for junior high school students. During the 1978-1979 school year, approximately 20% of enrolled students were English-dominant and 80% were Spanish-dominant. The program serves its major educational function as a way-station for bilingual students coming…

  2. ESEA Title VII Rafael Cordero Bilingual School Program. Community School District 4. Final Evaluation Report, 1979-80.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Mae T.; And Others

    During the 1979-1980 school year, the Rafael Cordero Bilingual School (RCBS) operated in a New York City junior high school whose student body was composed of approximately 80 percent Spanish-dominant and 20 percent English-dominant students. The educational program of RCBS was comprised of five components: (1) bilingual instruction in all school…

  3. Biological post

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, B. Suresh; Kumar, Senthil; Mohan Kumar, N. S.; Karunakaran, J. V.

    2015-01-01

    Anterior tooth fracture as a result of traumatic injuries, is frequently encountered in endodontic practice. Proper reconstruction of extensively damaged teeth can be achieved through the fragment reattachment procedure known as “biological restoration.” This case report refers to the esthetics and functional recovery of extensively damaged maxillary central incisor through the preparation and adhesive cementation of “biological post” in a young patient. Biological post obtained through extracted teeth from another individual–represent a low-cost option and alternative technique for the morphofunctional recovery of extensively damaged anterior teeth. PMID:26538952

  4. Post-Polio Syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... Enhancing Diversity Find People About NINDS NINDS Post-Polio Syndrome Information Page Condensed from Post-Polio Syndrome ... Español Additional resources from MedlinePlus What is Post-Polio Syndrome? Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a condition ...

  5. Post-Adolescent Issues

    MedlinePlus

    Search COPING & HEALING CARING FOR A CHILD: POST-ADOLESCENT ISSUES As your child reaches adulthood, there will ... intake. New issues that you and your post adolescent child may want to discus together with his/ ...

  6. Strain balanced quantum posts

    SciTech Connect

    Alonso-Alvarez, D.; Alen, B.; Ripalda, J. M.; Llorens, J. M.; Taboada, A. G.; Briones, F.; Roldan, M. A.; Hernandez-Saz, J.; Hernandez-Maldonado, D.; Herrera, M.; Molina, S. I.

    2011-04-25

    Quantum posts are assembled by epitaxial growth of closely spaced quantum dot layers, modulating the composition of a semiconductor alloy, typically InGaAs. In contrast with most self-assembled nanostructures, the height of quantum posts can be controlled with nanometer precision, up to a maximum value limited by the accumulated stress due to the lattice mismatch. Here, we present a strain compensation technique based on the controlled incorporation of phosphorous, which substantially increases the maximum attainable quantum post height. The luminescence from the resulting nanostructures presents giant linear polarization anisotropy.

  7. CRITICALITY SAFETY POSTING GUIDELINES

    SciTech Connect

    JENSEN, M.A.

    2001-11-01

    This document provides a set of guidelines in the preparation of criticality safety postings. Guidance is provided in word choice, word arrangement, common human factors considerations. and use of color to highlight limits, cautions, and permissives.

  8. Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

    MedlinePlus

    ... such as eczema (atopic dermatitis). Who's At Risk Dark-skinned individuals are more likely to have post- ... skin injury. Acne tends to leave light to dark brown spots on the face or trunk. Burns, ...

  9. The "Post-Post Period" and Environmental Education Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Marcia

    2005-01-01

    Described as "post-experimental" and of the "post-post period," the current moment in social science research is typified by multi-voiced texts, researcher reflexivity, cultural criticism, and experimental works; characteristics in keeping with post-structurally informed understandings of social science research as contingent, evolving and messy.…

  10. Post-operative pain.

    PubMed

    2016-04-20

    Essential facts According to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, about 60% of people who have surgery will experience severe pain post-operatively. Controlling this pain minimises patients' discomfort and distress, contributes to recovery and rehabilitation, and may prevent patients progressing from acute to chronic pain. PMID:27097185

  11. [Post-traumatic stress].

    PubMed

    Ogłodek, Ewa; Araszkiewicz, Aleksander

    2012-01-01

    As civilization advanced, the number of disasters, including their types and size of the threat to humanity. In addition to natural disasters and wars, there are currently a disaster communication, environmental and technological. Disasters "new generation" include increasingly frequent bombings and terrorist attacks. These events are an impediment to long-lasting and deep impact on the mental functioning of the victims of the event. This represents a potential risk of a variety of psychopathological symptoms, which go beyond the limits of human suffering. ICD-I0 classification includes individuals sickness arising as a consequence of pathological after surviving the disaster, which include: acute stress disorder (ASD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), post-traumatic stress disorder linked to depression, symptoms anxiety, addictions, dissociative disorders and personality changes and permanent after the disaster. PMID:22400171

  12. 10. FLOOR 1; CENTER POST AND POSTS UNDER STONE BEAMS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. FLOOR 1; CENTER POST AND POSTS UNDER STONE BEAMS WHICH SUPPORT BRIDGE BEAMS FOR BRIDGE TREES; WEDGES FOR ADJUSTING HEIGHT OF BRIDGE TREE CAN BE SEEN - Shelter Island Windmill, Manwaring Road, Shelter Island, Suffolk County, NY

  13. 1. Post card view of the bridge, c. 1910. Post ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Post card view of the bridge, c. 1910. Post card courtesy Carol Poh Miller. Photocopy by Berni Rich, Score Photographers Cleveland, OH - B & O Railroad Bridge Number 464, Spanning Old Ship Canal & Cuyahoga River, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

  14. 39 CFR 241.1 - Post offices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Remotely Managed Post Office (RMPO) is a Post Office that offers part-time window service hours, is staffed... Post Office. A Part-Time Post Office (PTPO) is a Post Office that offers part-time window service...

  15. 39 CFR 241.1 - Post offices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Remotely Managed Post Office (RMPO) is a Post Office that offers part-time window service hours, is staffed... Post Office. A Part-Time Post Office (PTPO) is a Post Office that offers part-time window service...

  16. 78 FR 2950 - Proposed Posting and Posting of Stockyards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-15

    ... posted the stockyards. On January 26, 2010, we published a notice in the Federal Register (75 FR 4039... Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration Proposed Posting and Posting of Stockyards AGENCY: Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration, USDA. ACTION: Notice and request...

  17. Post-traumatic stress disorder

    MedlinePlus

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of anxiety disorder . It can occur after you have gone through ... Parslow B. Combined pharmacotherapy and psychological therapies for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2010;(7): ...

  18. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    MedlinePlus

    ... Don’t Hurt Yourself For More Information Share Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (Easy-to-Read) Download PDF Download ePub ... might have post-traumatic stress disorder. What is post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD? PTSD is a real illness. ...

  19. INC424 for Patients With Myelofibrosis, Post Polycythemia Myelofibrosis or Post-essential Thrombocythemia Myelofibrosis

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2016-03-11

    Myelofibrosis (PMF); Post Polycythemia Myelofibrosis (PPV MF); Post-essential Thrombocythemia Myelofibrosis (PET-MF); Myelofibrosis; Post Polycythemia Myelofibrosis; Post-essential Thrombocythemia Myelofibrosis

  20. Post retention and post/core shear bond strength of four post systems.

    PubMed

    Stockton, L W; Williams, P T; Clarke, C T

    2000-01-01

    As clinicians we continue to search for a post system which will give us maximum retention while maximizing resistance to root fracture. The introduction of several new post systems, with claims of high retentive and resistance to root fracture values, require that independent studies be performed to evaluate these claims. This study tested the tensile and shear dislodgment forces of four post designs that were luted into roots 10 mm apical of the CEJ. The Para Post Plus (P1) is a parallel-sided, passive design; the Para Post XT (P2) is a combination active/passive design; the Flexi-Post (F1) and the Flexi-Flange (F2) are active post designs. All systems tested were stainless steel. This study compared the test results of the four post designs for tensile and shear dislodgment. All mounted samples were loaded in tension until failure occurred. The tensile load was applied parallel to the long axis of the root, while the shear load was applied at 450 to the long axis of the root. The Flexi-Post (F1) was significantly different from the other three in the tensile test, however, the Para Post XT (P2) was significantly different to the other three in the shear test and had a better probability for survival in the Kaplan-Meier survival function test. Based on the results of this study, our recommendation is for the Para Post XT (P2). PMID:11203854

  1. Post dengue neurological complication.

    PubMed

    Hasliza, A H; Tohid, H; Loh, K Y; Santhi, P

    2015-01-01

    Dengue infection is highly endemic in many tropical countries including Malaysia. However, neurological complications arising from dengue infection is not common; Gullain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is one of these infrequent complications. In this paper, we have reported a case in which a 39-year-old woman presented with a neurological complication of dengue infection without typical symptoms and signs of dengue fever. She had a history of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) followed by an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) weeks prior to her presentation rendering GBS secondary to the post viral URTI and AGE as the most likely diagnosis. Presence of thrombocytopenia was the only clue for dengue in this case. PMID:27099661

  2. Post varicella angiopathy.

    PubMed

    Selvakumar, C J; Justin, C; Gnaneswaran, T R; Chandrasekaran, M

    2010-09-01

    Varicella zoster vasculopathy is a rare complication of chicken pox. Varicella cerebellitis, a post or para-infectious condition, is a common sequelae of chicken pox. Varicella angiopathy presents as acute hemiparesis, aphasia, hemianaesthesia or other focal neurologic or retinal deficits associated with mononuclear pleocytosis and VZV specific antibodies in CSF. Varicella angiopathy affecting the posterior circulation is very rare. We report a 15 yr old boy with progressive neurologic deficits over a month following a chicken pox 3 months prior to the onset of symptoms. On investigation he had infarcts both in the anterior and posterior circulation territories in CT and MRI with mononuclear pleocytosis in CSF elevated IgG and IgM in CSF. He was treated with intravenous acyclovir and corticosteroids. PMID:21391380

  3. Isolated post resonator mesogyroscope

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Challoner, Dorian; Peay, Chris; Wellman, Joanne; Shcheglov, Kirill; Hayworth, Ken; Wiberg, Dean; Yee, Karl; Sipppola, Clayton

    2004-01-01

    A new symmetric vibratory gyroscope principle has been devised in which a central post proof mass is counter-rocked against an outer sensing plate such that the motion is isolated from the gyroscope case. Prototype gyroscopes have been designed and fabricated with micromachined silicon at mesoscale (20-cm resonator width), vs. microscale (e.g., 2-mm resonator width) to achieve higher sensitivity and machined precision. This novel mesogyro design arose out of an ongoing technical cooperation between JPL and Boeing begun in 1997 to advance the design of micro-inertial sensors for low-cost space applications. This paper describes the theory of operation of the mesogyro and relationships with other vibratory gyroscopes, the mechanical design, closed loop electronics design, bulk silicon fabrication and packaged gyroscope assembly and test methods. The initial packaged prototype test results are reported for what is believed to be the first silicon mesogyroscope.

  4. Post-16 update

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-07-01

    (post16) Faces of Physics To study a physics course post-16 is take out an option on your future. But physics itself is very varied, and so is what you might do with it. It seems right that post-16 physics courses reflect important aspects of this variety. Physics varies with why people do it. As reliable knowledge, physics is often essential to making things happen. This is physics as feeding into technology, and quite often feeding off technology. The human urge here is the urge to create things that work. It drives individual inventors; it drives large teams in multinational companies. At the opposite end of this spectrum is physics driven by curiosity, by the urge to find out. The stock examples are the grand discoveries from the expansion of the universe to the discovery of the nucleus of atoms. But the physicist's curiosity is often on a more detailed, even finicky scale: how exactly do the molecules of this polymer respond to stress?; just how do ions implanted in this material modify its conductivity? It is clear to me that a decent post-16 physics course must respect and reflect both. This is by no means a matter of `basic laws and their applications'. It is a matter of recognizing two fundamental interests, in doing and in explaining, and of recognizing that they are at once closely interdependent and worlds apart. Ideas in physics are also not of one kind. One opposition is the idea of describing Nature in terms of deterministic physical laws, as against describing Nature as the predictable outcome of probabilistic behaviour `underneath'. The first has gripped the Western imagination since at least the time of Descartes. The second has increasingly come to the fore, especially in thermodynamics with the idea that we can only make processes work by fixing the circumstances so that uncaring atoms and molecules happen by chance to do what we want. Now in quantum theory both ideas - determinism and randomness - co-exist. Post-16 physics courses are not in danger of ignoring the first, but they are in danger of not recognizing the importance of the second. The great message of regularity from chaos is spoken, if at all, in muffled tones. Bending rays or curving wavefronts? When I learned optics at A-level I remember wondering why the equations of optics had to relate reciprocals of distances. Was this perversity for the benefit of examiners, whose questions taxed my ability to manipulate fractions and reciprocals? - yes, students had mathematical difficulties even then! When I started to teach physics, it was here that I often made mistakes as I tried to show students how to play this game. It seemed that optics was a branch of geometrical drawing. It boiled down to two and a half rules: (1) a ray through the centre of the lens goes straight on; (2) a ray parallel to the axis goes through the focal point, and also vice versa. Students asked (as had I) how a ray parallel to the optic axis knew what to do if the lens was not wide enough to catch it. They wondered why images not able to be caught on a screen were punished by being given negative distances. Only much later did anyone show me that this could all make better sense. Diverging wavefronts of light arriving at a lens had a curvature C before, numerically large if the source was close, smaller if far away. The lens added to that curvature a fixed amount equal to its power P in dioptre. The result was a new wavefront curvature C after given by C after = C before + P which translated into 1/v = 1/u + 1/f. Those reciprocals were curvatures. The lens equation became about what a lens does to light, not about constraints on the paired values of u and v. The minus signs of the Cartesian convention, with lens power being the difference between curvatures after and before, had a reason. The result is not that optics gets easier. The result is that the questions it suggests to the student become more sensible. `Why does a lens add a fixed curvature, no matter the curvature of the incident wave?' `Why does a lens keep the wavefronts spherical?' And the answers draw on physics and glass-shaping, not on rules and conventions. Jon Ogborn

  5. Post-16 update

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-01-01

    Post-16 Initiative logo This is the first of a regular series of contributions from the Institute's Post-16 Initiative. The Initiative is taking a hard and searching look at the physics taught in schools and colleges from age 16 to age 19. To start with, it is responding to Government initiatives, but hopes to encourage and stimulate good practice in physics teaching on a longer time scale than can be afforded in making responses to current developments. Here Jon Ogborn writes about what AS courses need to be, while Peter Campbell gives his thoughts about teaching matter. Advanced Subsidiary physics: what should it be? From September 2000 all A-levels will be new. Students can take the first Advanced Subsidiary (AS) year and stop there - or decide to go on. In the Institute of Physics post-16 Initiative, we have been thinking how to provide a satisfying one-year experience of physics at the new AS level, and what it should achieve. The students will decide. So the AS course must give a decent picture of what physics is, what it offers for their futures, what interests it can satisfy. That all says breadth, with enough depth to see what is in store later. And this sounds like the right recipe for someone who is taking a single AS year of physics to broaden their A-level experience. It must also be attractive. A way forward is shown by the Salters - Horners course, attracting interest through leading from applications. Why does that work? It gives physics a story to tell, into which ideas fit and make sense. Our own new A-level, Advancing Physics, must also have interesting stories to tell, which must in addition build up an honest picture of physics. An example: teach electric circuits through modern sensing devices. Sensor instrumentation is a key activity of physicists, full of new ideas, but also simple. It makes essential use of circuits such as the potential divider. Practical work gets better things to do than checking the equation for resistors in parallel. It requires good use of computers. Other examples: use modern imaging methods to teach information processing and optics; study `designer materials' to reflect both the inventiveness and the curiosity of physicists. Tell stories from fundamental efforts to understand the world: forces and motion, waves and photons, the structure of the Universe, a hint of relativity. The new AS course has to fit QCA criteria, but should also look beyond them to suggest how to shape the future of A-level physics. Jon Ogborn Director, Institute of Physics Post-16 Initiative The study of matter The study of matter is as central to pure physics as it is to technological applications. Currently Advanced GNVQ Science requires much more detailed knowledge of materials than most A-level courses. But in every case, what 16 - 19 year-old students experience is a rather dated study of engineering materials, with an emphasis on mechanical properties. Almost entirely absent is the notion of our new ability to design materials. Recently, new techniques of visualization, modelling the hierarchy of structures inside a material and simulating the resulting changes in properties, have all dramatically changed the nature of materials science. Post-16 physics courses should mention some new classes of materials responsible for major industrial and social changes. For example, let's look at `soft matter' such as polymers, liquid crystals and emulsions. These are the stuff of Nature, which we are only now learning to imitate. The continuing miniaturization of computer chips and sensors is based on functional properties - optical, electrical, thermal or magnetic. If students are to understand and perhaps later to contribute to developments such as these, they deserve a better introduction. Careful thinking needs to go into deciding what a basic course might entail. But what topic could be better suited to coursework in the form of student research? Teaching about matter in an up-to-date way may sound too great a challenge for schools and colleges, if we forget the power of new technologies. We can now enhance student learning using key visualization tools: images of materials, from all types of microscopy; animations to show dynamics as well as structure, sometimes in 3D; `virtual experimentation': models to manipulate, with data as well as image outputs. Universities and research organizations could help by contributing to new collections of these tools, annotated at an appropriate level, in CD-ROM format but also at their own websites. Peter Campbell

  6. IVGEN Post Flight Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcquillen, John; Brown, Dan; Hussey, Sam; Zoldak, John

    2014-01-01

    The Intravenous Fluid Generation (IVGEN) Experiment was a technology demonstration experiment that purified ISS potable water, mixed it with salt, and transferred it through a sterilizing filter. On-orbit performance was verified as appropriate and two 1.5 l bags of normal saline solution were returned to earth for post-flight testing by a FDA certified laboratory for compliance with United States Pharmacopiea (USP) standards. Salt concentration deviated from required values and an analysis identified probable causes. Current efforts are focused on Total Organic Content (TOC) testing, and shelf life.The Intravenous Fluid Generation (IVGEN) Experiment demonstrated the purification of ISS potable water, the mixing of the purified water with sodium chloride, and sterilization of the solution via membrane filtration. On-orbit performance was monitored where feasible and two 1.5-liter bags of normal saline solution were returned to earth for post-flight testing by a FDA-registered laboratory for compliance with United States Pharmacopeia (USP)standards [1]. Current efforts have been focused on challenge testing with identified [2] impurities (total organic-carbon), and shelf life testing. The challenge testing flowed known concentrations of contaminants through the IVGEN deionizing cartridge and membrane filters to test their effectiveness. One finding was that the filters and DI-resin themselves contribute to the contaminant load during initial startup, suggesting that the first 100 ml of fluid be discarded. Shelf life testing is ongoing and involves periodic testing of stored DI cartridges and membrane filters that are capped and sealed in hermetic packages. The testing is conducted at six month intervals measuring conductivity and endotoxins in the effluent. Currently, the packaging technique has been successfully demonstrated for one year of storage testing. The USP standards specifies that the TOC be conducted at point of generation as opposed to point of consumption. Samples were generated and shipped to an FDA facility however, testing determined that the samples failed the TOC specification with most likely due to leaching from the sample container. Shelf life testing is examining packaging techniques and periodic testing of samples of DI cartridges that are capped and sealed in hermetic packages. Periodic testing of the purified water output will be conducted at six month intervals.

  7. Nuclear Power - Post Fukushima

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reyes, Jose, Jr.

    2011-10-01

    The extreme events that led to the prolonged power outage at the Fukushima Daiicchi nuclear plant have highlighted the importance of assuring a means for stable long term cooling of the nuclear fuel and containment following a complete station blackout. Legislative bodies, regulatory agencies and industry are drawing lessons from those events and considering what changes, if any, are needed to nuclear power, post Fukushima. The enhanced safety of a new class of reactor designed by NuScale Power is drawing significant attention in light of the Fukushima events. During normal operation, each NuScale containment is fully immersed in a water-filled stainless steel lined concrete pool that resides underground. The pool, housed in a Seismic Category I building, is large enough to provided 30 days of core and containment cooling without adding water. After 30 days, the decay heat generations coupled with thermal radiation heat transfer is completely adequate to remove core decay heat for an unlimited period of time. These passive power systems can perform their function without requiring an external supply of water of power. An assessment of the NuScale passive systems is being performed through a comprehensive test program that includes the NuScale integral system test facility at Oregon State University

  8. Post-war trauma.

    PubMed

    Hogan, C

    1995-12-01

    One of the great delights of general practice is the way we are allowed to share people's lives. Another facet is the humbling experience of having a patient intuitively grasp a concept that you have found difficult to understand. As regular readers of these pages are aware, I am no stranger to emergencies and trauma. Consequently I see and experience critical incident stress at first hand. This gives me some understanding of others' experiences and, I hope, might help me prevent critical incident stress developing into the more severe post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in those under my care. How well I recall that it was only the fall of a marble that prevented me from being conscripted for service in Vietnam. Kerry is a long-standing patient and an old friend (in a small community, if your patients aren't your friends, you do not have too many patients!). He was seeing me for something or other when he told me the following story. I was so impressed that I asked him to write it down. It speaks eloquently of the aftermath of war and how mates help each other deal with it. It also reminds us that there continue to be new crops of returned service-men who need our help. PMID:8588756

  9. NEWS: Post-16 update

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Campbell, Peter

    2000-07-01

    post16.gif As a teacher of physics it is very easy to become preoccupied with particulars of courses, or topics or even single concepts. Concerned with imminent student audiences and desired learning outcomes, the daily challenge is to summon satisfactory teaching approaches and resources for the job at hand. For the conscientious teacher, assessment outcomes may too often seem a judgment on our own efforts rather than those of our students. From time to time we may step back and think bigger, for example while planning a recruitment event, or while away from work on holiday. We may be successful locally. But why, at a time when books and television documentaries popularizing science have a large following, has physics education been facing declining numbers? Many recognize that physics has an essential contribution to make to the training of science or engineering specialists, but we know that it is also important for the skilled worker, the informed citizen and, in fact, for anyone trying to make sense of the world. So what are the best ways forward for post-16 physics? To make any impact on the bigger picture requires organization, thinking and meeting time among people in diverse roles: teachers and curriculum managers; university lecturers; employers and professional bodies; unitary awarding bodies; regulatory and funding agencies; and even Government. For the past few years, the Institute of Physics post-16 Initiative has created an unrivalled opportunity to address the wider issues. Its Shaping the Future booklets series was designed to stimulate informed discussion and debate, by providing background information and analysis. Taken together, the booklets should help all those concerned with physics education to understand where we are now, and why. Literally dozens of people have contributed to a review and analysis of physics education. Each booklet is a 48-page smorgasbord in A4 landscape format, containing many examples of good practice, basic but sometimes hard-to-come-by information, insightful and occasionally witty comment and illustration. The fifth booklet, published in April this year, rounds off the series so far. For those who have not yet seen them, here are the questions that the booklets have explored: Making Physics Connect (editor: Peter Campbell). How can physics courses connect better with the learner and with other human activities and areas of knowledge? Physics in Mathematical Mood (editor: Simon Carson). How can we teach physics in an appropriately mathematical way, conveying the beauty and power of mathematical reasoning to students? Physics in Vocational Courses (editor: Ken Gadd). In the new National Qualifications Framework, what role should physics play in the `general vocational' and `vocational' pathways? The Study of Matter (editor: Claire Davis). What aspects of a wide and interdisciplinary subject should be included in courses at advanced level, and how can these best be taught? Revitalising Physics Education (editor: Andrew Morris). What can we learn from histories of physics and of education, or from curriculum development projects of the last thirty years? What can be said about teaching and learning physics beyond qualifications, or learned from international developments in physics education? These booklets should find their way into every physics department in the UK. They will be of immediate practical use in schools or colleges, informing teaching while also providing stimulus material for discussion among physics teachers. (The latter would rightly be called in-service training.) Student teachers will find them a good guide covering new terrain. Lecturers at higher education level will gain valuable insight into changes affecting their undergraduate intake. And the physics advisory committee of every Awarding Body will surely want to discuss issues raised in the booklets. The main message overall is that, to meet tomorrow's challenges, the many parties involved in physics education must work together for common goals. In the coming year I hope that the Institute of Physics itself will organize discussion meetings among participants representing a full cross section of interests. The Institute of course already works closely with other associations speaking for science and for science education; inasmuch as they explore issues affecting science education broadly, the booklets may present new opportunities for cooperation. Last but not least, it is important that we influence government bodies regulating and funding education. Copies of the booklets can be downloaded as PDF files from the Web at post16.iop.org/shaping/ or purchased (at £5.50 per title, or £22 for all five titles, including p&p) from Ingrid Ebeyer at the Institute (ingrid.ebeyer@iop.org).

  10. Post-Baccalaureate Fellowship Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cadbury, Jr., William E.

    The Post-Baccalaureate Fellowship Program provides an opportunity for students who went to college with inferior preparation to supplement their education by studying for 1 year at an academically demanding liberal arts college before entering graduate or professional school. The post-baccalaureate fellows take regular courses in a program that is…

  11. Redefining Post-Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turpin, David H.

    2005-01-01

    For at least a brief period of time, the release of Bob Rae's review of post-secondary education in Ontario served to focus public attention on the importance of post-secondary education not only in Ontario, but across Canada. This article elaborates further on Rae's review which stresses the crucial importance of the higher studies and recommends…

  12. Post-16 update

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-11-01

    (Post-16 Initiative) Engineering Physics? Many A-level physics students do not go on to study physics. For them physics is a support subject, either just for fun or just for the grade. Where physics is a lead subject some students go on to study physics but many more go on to study engineering. So can we deliberately give some aspects of an A-level course an engineering flavour? Electromagnetism would seem a good place to start. There is a clear `physics' route into this topic, a microscopic forces and fields view of the situation. But do our students really need to look at it this way? All electromagnetic machines are linked magnetic and electric circuits. The design idea is to link these circuits as closely as possible. The electric circuits must be as good as possible, with a high conductivity. The magnetic circuits must be as good as possible, with high permeance. Conductivity depends on area/length. So does permeance. The goodness of an electromagnetic machine (how good it is at its job, which is linking electric and magnetic circuits) scales as the square of its linear dimensions. That means small electromagnetic machines are harder to make, and so the very smallest nanomotors are electrostatic. None of this is new, but many teachers are uncomfortable with it. We are thinking like physicists. Many of our students are not. They deserve us to take the trouble every now and again to encourage them to think a bit differently about a topic, to look at practical ways of discussing design and to give their course an engineering flavour. Philip Britton Coursework in A-level Physics The criteria for the new AS and A-levels have provided the teams developing the specifications with an opportunity to think creatively about how internal assessment is used within post-16 physics courses. Teachers may be concerned that allowing 30% of the marks to be internally assessed will create a burden for them. However, it is possible to look at this in a much more positive light. Provided the tasks are well defined and the marking criteria are straightforward to apply, internally assessed work provides an opportunity for real positive achievement; students are able to control the task they set themselves, and have every opportunity to maximize their marks. In the past most syllabuses used the coursework simply to assess experimental and investigative skills, through a series of experiments or a practical investigation. Two of the new specifications have taken the opportunity to broaden the scope of coursework. The Edexcel Salters - Horners Advanced Physics AS course includes a report on a visit. Students must make a visit to an establishment where physics is in action, and then report on how physics is used there. The visit may be to a local garage, supermarket or hospital, but could use any other local resource - or indeed justify that trip to CERN. The location of the visit is limited only by the imagination of teachers and students. In the AS course of OCR Advancing Physics students must make a presentation about a material they have studied. The presentation may be a talk, a poster or even a series of web pages. This gives students the opportunity to demonstrate their key skills in communication alongside collecting some marks towards their AS in Physics. In the A2 year students develop their research skills further by producing a research report on a topic of their choice. Students must show how they can draw together ideas from different aspects of physics in discussing their chosen subject. These two developments lead the way in encouraging teachers and examiners to take physics out of the school laboratory and into the world. Mary Whitehouse

  13. NEWS: Post-16 update

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-05-01

    (post16) Making physics connect Doesn't Melvyn Bragg do a wonderful job, engaging both scientists and artists in sensitive discussion on Radio 4 about their methods and their purposes? But every week teachers have the chance to show their students that physics is a way of seeing the world that is well-connected with other aspects of knowledge and culture. The stakes are high: students who fail to appreciate this generally choose not to study the subject beyond GCSE. Most students find our preoccupation with technical detail off-putting. Accepting that we have a syllabus to cover, it's still a question of balance. In our teaching we should aim for variety in order to find ways to connect with every student's interests. Also, we can show that we (the nearest embodiment of a physicist some students will experience) are multidimensional and so fully human. Most important, teachers need flexibility to both encourage and respond to student comment and questions. The first booklet in the discussion series Shaping the Future takes up these themes. Rich in ideas for both immediate use and the longer term, it aims to stimulate debate and improve teaching. Copies cost £5.50 including postage and are available from Ingrid Ebeyer, Post-16 Initiative, Institute of Physics, 76 Portland Place, London W1N 3DH. How far is it? This question is asked in many family cars and school minibuses at the start of a journey, and answered by most in terms of hours and minutes rather than miles. What a good idea for introducing a social and historical perspective to a lesson on distance, velocity and time. How far can you actually get in a day? What is the range of human activity? Walking for eight hours will get many people about 25 miles. A pack horse will progress at much the same rate, but fast riding or a coach and team of horses will get further. Motorway driving (when the cones are on holiday) would take you nearly 500 miles. The 05.15 am train from Penzance arrives in Inverness at 7.15 pm. Twelve hours travel by air will reach the other side of the world. Given such a change in the range of human activity, is it surprising that society has changed and adapted, and some historical incidents and lifestyles hardly make sense? The journals of Dorothy Wordsworth describe a life spent at walking pace. Jane Austen's novels take place at horse speed. Many modern novels are of the jet age, and world travel is part of the plot. Reading accounts of warfare, we must remember that an army perhaps moved 15 miles a day if it hurried (and arrived exhausted). It becomes very clear why Britain could be several independent kingdoms. Turning to another area of physics, we might even speculate how easy life for Romeo and Juliet would have been with a mobile phone each.

  14. Dalhart post shot investigation

    SciTech Connect

    Mathews, M.A.; Thompson, J.L.; Hahn, K.R. ); Madigan, W.P.; Gadeken, L.L. )

    1991-01-01

    The nuclear test Dalhart, U4u, was executed at a depth of 2100 ft on October 13, 1988. This test has multiple radioactive isotopes or fission products associated with it and knowledge of the distribution of these isotopes is desirable for the Nuclear Test Program. A slant post shot hole was drilled in late August 1990 to sample the geologic material from the collapsed zone or chimney above Dalhart. This 9 7/8 inch borehole was drilled at approximately 19 degrees from the vertical toward the Dalhart executive depth. This borehole started at approximately 734 ft due south of the Dalhart event. Drilling circulation was lost at a slant depth of 1030 ft (980 ft True Vertical Depth, TVD). Drilling was completed to 2280 ft (2156 ft TVD). The water level was encountered at a depth of 1063 ft (1513 ft TVD). A Halliburton 1 11/16 in diameter TracerScan gamma-ray-spectroscopy log was run inside the drill string at a speed of 10 ft/min. Spectra were obtained from TD to the surface. Radioactive material produced by the test was present from TD to 1850 ft (1746 ft TVD). Spectra were acquired at .025 ft depth intervals and averages recorded digitally every ten ft and thirty ft were displayed on the blue line log together with the total observed gamma ray and casing collar locater signal. Also a DOE high intensity gamma log was run by Atlas Wireline Services from TD to the surface. This log did not detect any radioactive activity in the hole. The gamma-ray photo peaks on the spectroscopy log were used to determine the depths for sampling with the Hunt sidewall sampling tool. Eleven samples were acquired from the depth interval 2212 ft to 1823 ft (2089 to 1721 ft TVD). None of these samples contained enough activity to be measured with normal drillback survey instruments. 7 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Post-16 update

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-03-01

    Post-16 Initiative logo Physics in Mathematical Mood Later this year, as part of the post-16 initiative of the Institute of Physics, a booklet with the above title will be published. In draft form, the booklet was discussed at the ASE conference in January. Some of the issues raised are briefly set out here. If you have any views to contribute, please write to Simon Carson at the Institute of Physics or e-mail simon.carson@physics.org. A mathematical view of the world is intrinsically a part of physics and therefore physics should be studied in an appropriately mathematical way. However, we all know that, to some students at least, mathematics proves to be a stumbling block rather than a powerful aid to understanding. So how can we help? Realizing that as physics teachers we need to deliver the mathematics necessary to an understanding of our subject is a start. Its corollary is that we need to find the space within the physics core. We may wish to use supplementary courses such as AS mathematics or QCA's new free-standing mathematics units, but requiring additional courses as a prerequisite to a study of A-level physics may deter students. Teaching the mathematics in context may aid understanding but we also must ensure that techniques are seen in a variety of contexts and that at some point the tool is abstracted from the background. As teachers we need to be aware of the very basic mathematical difficulties that students bring with them: the use of calculators, standard form, simple algebraic manipulation, for example. Mathematical arguments need to be developed fully and carefully. Encouraging cooperation and discussion between students may help the less able to understand and the more able to appreciate and develop their own understanding through making explicit their reasoning by explaining it to others. And what of new technology? Software tools allow students to develop their understanding about graphs, for example, enabling them to investigate the characteristics of particular functions. Modelling tools allow teachers or students to build models or more simply to create animations to demonstrate the properties of mathematical entities such as vectors. Graphical calculators mean that all students can have cheap access to such tools and it may be that some of the analytical mathematical tools we hold so dear are obsolete. Other issues are discussed in the booklet and were aired at the ASE conference: the situation in HE, the approach to mathematics taken by the Salters Horners approach, ways to introduce special functions such as exponentials, ways of thinking about the relationships between variables as expressed in equations. Many practical suggestions are made in the booklet about how we can help and support students and, most importantly, how we can communicate to them some of the beauty and pleasure of Physics in Mathematical Mood. Simon Carson A perspective on apparatus The effective deployment of apparatus is one technique available in physics that does not exist in some other areas of teaching. We should capitalize on this. Apparatus is a tool that can be used to enable thinking and learning. There are a number of purposes to be served by the effective use of apparatus. It is no more likely that apparatus will `teach' any more than nature `teaches' physics in the first place. Discussion and the creative interpretation of observation are both necessary to the sense-making process. Apparatus must be chosen with these opportunities in mind. In a demonstration we are trying to persuade students that the world behaves in a particular way. An attempt is being made to persuade students that a particular conception of the world is worth considering and that this conception is a fruitful and truthful picture of the world. Apparatus chosen for this purpose must have clear links between what is to be measured and the representations of that measurement. The art of demonstration is very much like a magician's show, in that it must all be well rehearsed and produce surprising and convincing results with apparently little effort. Students will be asked to engage in exploration and explanation using apparatus. Apparatus chosen for this purpose must not look as if it has been designed to give one specific answer. Students must feel confident that they can manipulate apparatus in such a way that the apparatus can serve to express their thoughts and be shaped to try out their hypotheses. Students will also be asked to engage in more traditional laboratory work that requires precision and a careful approach. Here the apparatus must be of sufficient quality and perceived modernity to allow the students to take the tasks seriously so that they will produce work of the expected quality. A final use for apparatus is to allow students to engage in genuine open-ended investigation where their knowledge of physics both informs their plans before work is carried out and interprets the observations and measurements from that work. Here apparatus that measures well is at a premium. The connection between manipulating the system to be measured and the resultant measurement must involve short-term feedback loops: the students must see how the system is behaving. A necessary consequence of this requirement is that the measurements are presented in a form that makes physical sense. This may imply a good deal of processing of the raw data before the number is displayed. It is in this area of measurement that we see the greatest potential for the integration of IT into laboratory practice. Apparatus worth developing. From this analysis and from the experience of trying to make its current practicals work it seems that we need to concentrate our development of apparatus in two areas. The first is to ensure that equipment which provides a range of a high quality, attractive and effective measurement tools is in place. In this area we can expect to see the exploitation of developments in information and sensor technology lead to new approaches which open up many possibilities. The second thrust must be to have a good supply of apparatus which can be can assembled and manipulated by students to suit their thoughts and purposes. This apparatus may well be rather simple and need not to be very expensive. This may compensate for some of the implied expense of the first thrust above. Alongside these two there will continue to be steady development of traditional apparatus, often used for a demonstration. Affording apparatus. The key to developing the apparatus within a department must be to look towards fewer items, each of which can perform more tasks, deployed as measurement tools. In this the increasing computing power available, often at a small cost, can be deployed intelligently. Following a practice elsewhere we must expect most of this development to take place in software, not the hardware. This has clear implications for the apparatus manufacturers. Low costs in computing have followed from the adoption of the widespread standards that enable one device to be used for many purposes. A similar development seems likely in the provision of apparatus. Some elements are likely to prove expensive. Compensating for the use of these expensive elements will then prove to be the challenge which makes the whole package affordable. Building up a department. Out of the post-16 initiative will come some thoughts developed from Advancing Physics that show how we can move from the current provision. New and effectively deployed apparatus can lead to an improvement in teaching and learning and in students' perceptions of physics. Ian Lawrence

  16. Folates and post partum depression.

    PubMed

    Rouillon, F; Thalassinos, M; Miller, H D; Lemperiere, T

    1992-08-01

    Hypofolatemia can cause psychiatric disturbances of a depressive nature. Pregnancy and delivery are often associated with hypofolatemia. This study was conducted to determine if hypofolatemia at day 3 post partum is a risk factor for baby blues or post partum depression. To study this hypothesis, 131 post partum women were followed prospectively for the 3 months immediately following delivery. 19% were found to have 'baby blues', as defined by a score greater than 20 on Pitt's scale (Pitt, 1968, J. Psychiatry 114, 1325-1335) and 12% had post partum depression as defined by a score greater than 7 on QD2A scale (Pichot et al., 1984, Rev. Psycholog. App. 34, 229-250, 323-340), within the three months post partum. No relationship was observed between the serum or erythrocyte folate levels on the third day following delivery and the maternal post partum depression scores. A statistically significant correlation between post partum depression and previous psychiatric disturbance was, however, observed. PMID:1430660

  17. 75 FR 4039 - Proposed Posting, Posting, and Deposting of Stockyards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ... the Federal Register (74 FR 17945-17947) of our proposal to post these 20 stockyards. Since we.... Missouri. NM-103 Twin Heart Ranch, March 28, 1966. Inc., dba San Juan Livestock, Aztec, New Mexico....

  18. [Post-mortem microbiology analysis].

    PubMed

    Fernández-Rodríguez, Amparo; Alberola, Juan; Cohen, Marta Cecilia

    2013-12-01

    Post-mortem microbiology is useful in both clinical and forensic autopsies, and allows a suspected infection to be confirmed. Indeed, it is routinely applied to donor studies in the clinical setting, as well as in sudden and unexpected death in the forensic field. Implementation of specific sampling techniques in autopsy can minimize the possibility of contamination, making interpretation of the results easier. Specific interpretation criteria for post-mortem cultures, the use of molecular diagnosis, and its fusion with molecular biology and histopathology have led to post-mortem microbiology playing a major role in autopsy. Multidisciplinary work involving microbiologists, pathologists, and forensic physicians will help to improve the achievements of post-mortem microbiology, prevent infectious diseases, and contribute to a healthier population. PMID:23195835

  19. Post-16 update

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-09-01

    Institute of Physics post-16 initiative, shaping the future Physics education based in IT - sorry ICT! Which, of course, makes for a nifty headline, but as is so often the case with neat slogans, little else. Two formative questions: What, in another decade, will the government of the day call `What you lot should be doing with computers'? and What, of the many things that currently exercise our intellects, will there be anything special to say about in a decade, concerning the use of computers in the teaching of physics? Advancing Physics represents some attempts to come to grips with the second of the two questions above. The first is left to a higher wisdom. In thinking about learning, what can we do with the huge processing power, increasingly available in smaller and less obtrusive packages? What will we do that helps people learn physics, both tomorrow and in 2009? Here are a few suggestions based on development work so far. Wide, reliable and shared access to well ordered learning resources. We have created a CD-ROM, with versions for both student and teacher, that provides a wide range of resources. These do not teach, but do provide. A commitment to allowing a course to evolve and adapt. Electronic publication puts the costs into origination, and not into publication and distribution. A website allows for the community of users to contribute. E-mail networks support individuals and propagate good practice. You can create and explore your own microworlds. The interactive nature of models, and the crafted relationships between the models and the natural world give an insight into the creative imaginary worlds of the physicist. The unreasonable, but pleasurable, success of mathematics in describing the natural world can come to the fore. Measurements that were not possible before are now possible. What was previously indirect, and inaccessible, now becomes a direct measurement, making relationships transparent in new and fruitful ways. The dichotomy between measured and fundamental variables can be resolved along a number of different axes. Shaping data to create understanding is also possible. Plotting, re-expressing and re-plotting can all happen within a time-span that retains the connections to the original physical situation. Making sense of the data can become a more active and integral part of doing physics. Two advantages for physics teachers: Firstly, the computer is another piece of equipment - one amongst the many that we already deploy based on our considerable experience. It may be a better intellectual prosthetic than some, but it is just one amongst many: good for some things, not to be let near others. Secondly, physics necessarily describes nature. Thus the chance of losing contact with our roots in a virtual canopy is slim; nurture and insight will always come from interaction with the physical. A summative question: Which, of the information and communication technologies available to students, is the most effective in stimulating, promoting and nurturing learning? (The more astute reader will notice the discontinuity between the implications of the embracing title, ICT, and the rather narrower, what we do with computers, somewhat closer to the current obsessions, rather meekly followed by the author in this piece. This final question has only one correct answer, several ramifications, and seeks to redress the balance lacking in the rest of this brief survey.) Ian Lawrence Maps and vectors Where would we be without vectors? Vectors are vital to a proper description of a variety of phenomena in physics. They are also notoriously difficult for students to come to terms with. Many students meet vectors for the first time in their A-level physics course when they learn mechanics. And this topic is often taught first. The vectors they meet - velocity, acceleration, force - can seem rather abstract, and acceleration in particular, being a rate of change of a rate of change, is fraught with conceptual difficulties. When students meet vectors, they are taught to add them, to subtract them to find components in various directions. This means they have to come to grips with Pythagoras's theorem and with trigonometry at the same time as learning the rules about how vectors behave: the magnitude of the sum is not the same as the sum of the magnitudes, for example. Rather than developing ideas about vectors at the same time as the difficult ideas encapsulated in Newton's laws, perhaps it might be better to develop a physical understanding of what vectors are and of how they combine first. One way of doing this is by considering maps: these represent, on a two-dimensional sheet of paper, the topology of a landscape. A road map represents a layout of towns, and by considering (straight line) journeys from town to town, ideas about vector addition can be developed: going from town A to town C via town B can be represented by the addition of two displacement vectors. And if these three towns are not in a straight line, then the magnitude of the sum is not the same as the sum of the magnitudes (the magnitude here is the straight line distance, of course). What's more, knowing the straight line distances between a small collection of towns - similar tables of distances can be found in many road atlases - allows the map to be reconstructed. But unless you know which way is north, the distances themselves give only the relative positions of the towns. Notice that these relative positions do not depend on the coordinate system (determined by our choice of north) so that vector sums are coordinate independent. Introducing a coordinate system - defined by compass directions - and thinking about how far north or east a particular journey takes you leads to ideas about components. And considering a map of mountainous country means that you can think about how three components can be represented on a flat piece of paper. This leads to generalizations of Pythagoras's theorem in three dimensions. Perhaps these ideas might help students to develop an intuitive understanding of what vectors are about. When they meet more complex and abstract ideas they might, then, see their way through the mathematical representations to the underlying physics. We might have to spend more time teaching the basics, but the pay-off could be a much better understanding later. Simon Carson

  20. Post-mortem clinical pharmacology

    PubMed Central

    Ferner, R E

    2008-01-01

    Clinical pharmacology assumes that deductions can be made about the concentrations of drugs from a knowledge of the pharmacokinetic parameters in an individual; and that the effects are related to the measured concentration. Post-mortem changes render the assumptions of clinical pharmacology largely invalid, and make the interpretation of concentrations measured in post-mortem samples difficult or impossible. Qualitative tests can show the presence of substances that were not present in life, and can fail to detect substances that led to death. Quantitative analysis is subject to error in itself, and because post-mortem concentrations vary in largely unpredictable ways with the site and time of sampling, as a result of the phenomenon of post-mortem redistribution. Consequently, compilations of ‘lethal concentrations’ are misleading. There is a lack of adequate studies of the true relationship between fatal events and the concentrations that can be measured subsequently, but without such studies, clinical pharmacologists and others should be wary of interpreting post-mortem measurements. PMID:18637886

  1. Hydrodynamics of post CHF region

    SciTech Connect

    Ishii, M.; De Jarlais, G.

    1984-04-01

    Among various two-phase flow regimes, the inverted flow in the post-dryout region is relatively less well understood due to its special heat transfer conditions. The review of existing data indicates further research is needed in the areas of basic hydrodynamics related to liquid core disintegration mechanisms, slug and droplet formations, entrainment, and droplet size distributions. In view of this, the inverted flow is studied in detail both analytically and experimentally. Criteria for initial flow regimes in the post-dryout region are given. Preliminary models for subsequent flow regime transition criteria are derived together with correlations for a mean droplet diameter based on the adiabatic simulation data.

  2. Post-traumatic spinal deformity.

    PubMed

    Vaccaro, A R; Silber, J S

    2001-12-15

    There are approximately 50,000 fractures to the bony spinal column each year in the United States. The vast majority of unstable spinal injuries are recognized early and managed appropriately. Rarely, the initial treatment may have been inadequate, or in less obvious injuries, less aggressive immobilization techniques may have been chosen. This along with continued exposure to physiologic stresses may lead to a gradual post-traumatic deformity that may further impede the functional as well as emotional status of these often already compromised patients. The management of post-traumatic deformity can be extremely challenging. A post-traumatic kyphotic deformity may occur in the cervical, thoracic, thoracolumbar, or lumbar spine, and once appropriate imaging studies are obtained, careful surgical considerations must be undertaken. Surgical intervention is considered if the kyphotic deformity is progressive over time or there is new onset or progression of a neurologic deficit. Surgical procedures include either a posterior or anterior only approach or any variation of a combined anterior or posterior procedure. In most cases a posterior only fusion is often insufficient for optimal correction and stabilization. Although the majority of patients developing a post-traumatic deformity usually occur after spinal column trauma initially treated nonoperatively, several miscellaneous causes of post-traumatic deformity may occur after surgery. These include nonunion, implant failure, Charcot spine, and technical error. The overall outcome after the surgical management of post-traumatic deformity has been satisfactory with better outcomes in the patients treated earlier as opposed to later. Operative complications include the increased risk of neurologic injury because of the draping of the neural elements over the anterior vertebral elements, any pre-existing spinal cord injury, and possible scarring with cord tethering. Trauma to the spinal cord and column is a devastating injury that may be fraught with many complications including post-traumatic deformity. Certainly, the best treatment is prevention with close follow-up and early intervention when needed. Once present, the treatment of post-traumatic deformity follows basic biomechanical principles consisting of re-establishing the integrity of the compromised spinal columns so that spinal stability can be restored. PMID:11805617

  3. [Post-menopausal ovarian hyperthecosis].

    PubMed

    Castell, A-L; Hieronimus, S; Chevallier, A; Sadoul, J-L; Galand-Portier, M-B; Delotte, J; Fénichel, P

    2012-05-01

    Ovarian hyperthecosis is infrequent but it represents the first cause of post-menopausal hyperandrogenia. Pathophysiology of ovarian hyperthecosis remains poorly understood but the metabolic syndrome observed in most patients suggests that insulin resistance associated with high, postmenopausal LH levels, might play a role as in polycystic ovarian syndrome. We report here four patients who presented post-menopausal hyperandrogenia. Although high, tumoral, plasma testosterone levels, lack of focused radiological lesions except enlarged ovaries, associated to the metabolic syndrome, suggested ovarian hyperthecosis. Bilateral annexectomy allowed histological confirmation of hyperthecosis showing specific luteinized stromal cells and led to the complete suppression of the inappropriate androgen secretion. PMID:22336524

  4. Chaos Theory and Post Modernism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snell, Joel

    2009-01-01

    Chaos theory is often associated with post modernism. However, one may make the point that both terms are misunderstood. The point of this article is to define both terms and indicate their relationship. Description: Chaos theory is associated with a definition of a theory dealing with variables (butterflies) that are not directly related to a

  5. Post Occupancy Evaluation in Scotland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Chris; Thomson, Keith

    2004-01-01

    The Scottish Executive, the devolved government for Scotland, is engaging with stakeholders to achieve excellence in the school estate through Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE). Design of the school environment has a direct impact on teaching and learning, activities which can be supported or frustrated by many building elements. Through a…

  6. Chaos Theory and Post Modernism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snell, Joel

    2009-01-01

    Chaos theory is often associated with post modernism. However, one may make the point that both terms are misunderstood. The point of this article is to define both terms and indicate their relationship. Description: Chaos theory is associated with a definition of a theory dealing with variables (butterflies) that are not directly related to a…

  7. Estonianization Efforts Post-Independence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rannut, Mart

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the sociolinguistic situation in Estonia. The paper opens with a historic overview, followed by an overview of the current demographic situation and of post-Soviet language and education policies and practices. It is argued that Estonia represents a success story in terms of language policy,…

  8. Reconsidering Post-Traumatic Stress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, Dene S.; Davis-Berman, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    This article serves to challenge the prevailing wisdom that suggests that most trauma is followed by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and is best treated with critical incident stress debriefing (CISD). Instead, recent evidence suggests that many individuals exposed to stress do not experience stress responses. Even those who do, however,…

  9. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    MedlinePlus

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a real illness. You can get PTSD after living through or seeing a traumatic event, such as war, a ... sexual assault, physical abuse, or a bad accident. PTSD makes you feel stressed and afraid after the ...

  10. Job Posting: An Industry Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dahl, Dave R.; Pinto, Patrick R.

    1977-01-01

    Reports a survey to determine practices among metalworking firms in Minnesota covering such topics as whether or not the company had a formal or informal job posting system, the actual mechanics of the system, union influence on its design, feedback to unsuccessful job bidders, and current employee acceptance of the system. Recommendations are…

  11. Tuberculosis drug discovery in the post-post-genomic era

    PubMed Central

    Lechartier, Benoit; Rybniker, Jan; Zumla, Alimuddin; Cole, Stewart T

    2014-01-01

    The expectation that genomics would result in new therapeutic interventions for infectious diseases remains unfulfilled. In the post-genomic era, the decade immediately following the availability of the genome sequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, tuberculosis (TB) drug discovery relied heavily on the target-based approach but this proved unsuccessful leading to a return to whole cell screening. Genomics underpinned screening by providing knowledge and many enabling technologies, most importantly whole genome resequencing to find resistance mutations and targets, and this resulted in a selection of leads and new TB drug candidates that are reviewed here. Unexpectedly, many new targets were found to be promiscuous as they were inhibited by a variety of different compounds. In the post-post-genomics era, more advanced technologies have been implemented and these include high-content screening, screening for inhibitors of latency, the use of conditional knock-down mutants for validated targets and siRNA screens. In addition, immunomodulation and pharmacological manipulation of host functions are being explored in an attempt to widen our therapeutic options. PMID:24401837

  12. Leg ischemia post-varicocelectomy

    PubMed Central

    Al-Wahbi, Abdullah M; Elmoukaied, Shaza

    2016-01-01

    Varicocelectomy is the most commonly performed operation for the treatment of male infertility. Many surgical approaches are used as each of them has advantages over the other and is preferred by surgeons. Vascular injury has never been reported as a complication of varicocelectomy apart from testicular artery injury. We present a 36-year-old male who developed leg ischemia post-varicocelectomy due to common femoral artery injury. He was successfully treated by using a vein graft. PMID:27022305

  13. Post-lesbian? Not yet.

    PubMed

    McNaron, Toni A H

    2007-01-01

    Though some may encourage us to consider ourselves in a 'post-lesbian' era, political cultural and academic realities suggest something quite different. Analyzing specific cases in all three of these arenas can strengthen a resolve to insist on the preservation of both the term and concept embodied by 'lesbian.' Finally, this essay suggests several areas open for future investigation by scholars and activists alike. PMID:17804376

  14. The SPOOKI post production system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beauchemin, M.; Klasa, M.; Fortier, S.; Fortin, F.; Hardy, G.; Pelletier, L.; Edouard, S.; Archambault, B.; Yazidi, H.

    2010-09-01

    The Canadian Meteorological Centre (CMC) delivers a large number of numerical weather prediction products to the various weather offices and clients throughout Canada and abroad. The current post production system was built according to the needs and ideology of the 1980's and it is becoming obsolete with time. Its cumbersome architecture is difficult to maintain and requires a lot of human and computing resources. The "Weather Elements" section of CMC is aware of the problems associated with its maintenance in the long term and has therefore decided to review in depth the whole approach to the operational post production. The analysis of present and future needs have led to the development of an innovative concept in the operational production field inspired by the "Plug and Play" process. SPOOKI (Systme de Production Orient-Objet contennant une Kyrielle d'Informations - Object oriented production system containing a myriad of information) was created in its present form in 2007. It is based on a modular approach where each plug-in component is specialized, reusable and autonomous. These object oriented programming characteristics greatly simplify the maintenance of the system. Particular attention was also given to create a user-friendly system for novice users. An experimental version of SPOOKI is currently running in development mode and an operational one is planned to be implemented in the coming year. The poster presentation will describe SPOOKI, the future CMC operational post production system. Several examples of usage will be shown.

  15. 42 CFR 124.604 - Posted notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... facility shall post notices, which the Secretary supplies in English and Spanish, in appropriate areas of... other than English or Spanish, the facility shall translate the notice into that language and post...

  16. 42 CFR 124.604 - Posted notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... other than English or Spanish, the facility shall translate the notice into that language and post the translated notice on signs substantially similar in size and legibility to, and posted with, those...

  17. 42 CFR 124.604 - Posted notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... other than English or Spanish, the facility shall translate the notice into that language and post the translated notice on signs substantially similar in size and legibility to, and posted with, those...

  18. 42 CFR 124.604 - Posted notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... other than English or Spanish, the facility shall translate the notice into that language and post the translated notice on signs substantially similar in size and legibility to, and posted with, those...

  19. 76 FR 58057 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Burnt Prairie, Illinois post office has been filed... for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Burnt Prairie post office in...

  20. 76 FR 9056 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-16

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Lincoln Branch Post Office in Mansfield, Ohio, has... for review of the closing of the Lincoln Branch Post Office in Mansfield, Ohio. The petition,...

  1. 76 FR 44385 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Peach Orchard, Arkansas post office has been filed... review of the closing of the Peach Orchard, Arkansas post office. The petition, which was filed...

  2. Schooling in a Post-Industrial Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doll, William, E. Jr.

    1978-01-01

    Explores the coming post-industrial society for its possible effects on the education-schooling syndrome we now have. Emphasizes the sociological writings of the "father" of post-industrialism, Daniel Bell. (Author/RK)

  3. Post-Colonial Theory and Action Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Jim B.; Harding, Kelly J.

    2011-01-01

    This essay explores connections between post-colonial theory and action research. Post-colonial theory is committed to addressing the plague of colonialism. Action research, at its core, promises to problematize uncontested "colonial" hegemonies of any form. Both post-colonial theory and action research engage dialogic, critically reflective and…

  4. 37 CFR 2.81 - Post publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Post publication. 2.81 Section 2.81 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Publication and Post Publication 2.81 Post publication....

  5. 10 CFR 20.1902 - Posting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... HIGH RADIATION AREA.” (d) Posting of airborne radioactivity areas. The licensee shall post each airborne radioactivity area with a conspicuous sign or signs bearing the radiation symbol and the words “CAUTION, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA” or “DANGER, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA.” (e) Posting of areas...

  6. 10 CFR 20.1902 - Posting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... HIGH RADIATION AREA.” (d) Posting of airborne radioactivity areas. The licensee shall post each airborne radioactivity area with a conspicuous sign or signs bearing the radiation symbol and the words “CAUTION, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA” or “DANGER, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA.” (e) Posting of areas...

  7. 10 CFR 20.1902 - Posting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... HIGH RADIATION AREA.” (d) Posting of airborne radioactivity areas. The licensee shall post each airborne radioactivity area with a conspicuous sign or signs bearing the radiation symbol and the words “CAUTION, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA” or “DANGER, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA.” (e) Posting of areas...

  8. 10 CFR 20.1902 - Posting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... HIGH RADIATION AREA.” (d) Posting of airborne radioactivity areas. The licensee shall post each airborne radioactivity area with a conspicuous sign or signs bearing the radiation symbol and the words “CAUTION, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA” or “DANGER, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA.” (e) Posting of areas...

  9. 10 CFR 20.1902 - Posting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... HIGH RADIATION AREA.” (d) Posting of airborne radioactivity areas. The licensee shall post each airborne radioactivity area with a conspicuous sign or signs bearing the radiation symbol and the words “CAUTION, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA” or “DANGER, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA.” (e) Posting of areas...

  10. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PDQ)

    MedlinePlus

    ... Questions to Ask About Cancer Research Cancer-Related Post-traumatic Stress (PDQ®)–Patient Version Overview Key Points Cancer-related ... occur anytime during or after treatment. Cancer-related post-traumatic stress (PTS) is a lot like post-traumatic stress ...

  11. Post-Tenure Review. SPEC Kit 261.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hook, Sara Anne, Comp.; Lees, N. Doug, Comp.; Powers, Gerald, Comp.

    2000-01-01

    This SPEC (Systems and Procedures Exchange Center) Kit reports results of a survey of ARL (Association of Research Libraries) that examined post-tenure review of librarians throughout higher education in North America. The purpose of the survey was to identify which institutions apply post-tenure or post-continuing appointment review to library…

  12. 36 CFR 261.51 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Posting. 261.51 Section 261.51 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROHIBITIONS Prohibitions in Areas Designated by Order § 261.51 Posting. Posting is accomplished by: (a) Placing a copy...

  13. 36 CFR 261.51 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Posting. 261.51 Section 261.51 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROHIBITIONS Prohibitions in Areas Designated by Order § 261.51 Posting. Posting is accomplished by: (a) Placing a copy...

  14. [Persistent post-operative pain].

    PubMed

    Dobrogowski, Jan; Przeklasa-Muszyńska, Anna; Wordliczek, Jerzy

    2008-01-01

    Persistent post-operative pain is defined as a pain in the location of the surgery that persist for many months or even years beyond the usual course of an acute injury and is different of that suffered preoperatively. Persistent pain can be due to long lasting nociception caused by processes such as information, chronic infection or tumor. The most important causes are neuropathic pain states due to nerve compression, entrapment or other damage. Chronic pain, that is very often resistant to treatment, occurs after failed back surgery. Traumatic nerve injury during surgery results in persistent pain known as a post-surgical neuralgia. The most susceptible nerves are: intercostobrachial nerve, intervertebral nerves, ilio-hypogastric nerve, ilio-inguinal nerve, genito-femoral nerve and femoral and sciatic nerve. It means that after some, also elective, surgeries, e.g. mastectomy, thoracotomy, herniotomy, limb amputations, chelecystomy, hysterectomy and nephrectomy, persistent postoperative pain is more common than after other operations. Persistent pain can occur even in 60% patients after limb amputation, in 30% after breast tumor excicion or mastectomy, in 40% after thoracotomy and in 10-30% after hernia repair, but severe pain (NRS>5) lasting even for many years is observed in 5-10% after limb and breast amputation, thoracotomy and Post-CABG operations and in 2-4% patients after hernia repair. Modern approaches including satisfactory perioperative analgesia, nerve sparing, minimally invasive techniques, and the use of a surgical approach that minimizes tissue trauma are crucial. Following inguinal hernia repair, chronic pain is less common than after laparoscopic and mesh repairs. The prompt diagnosis of acute neuropathic pain after operation is very important and management is based on extrapolation of data from the chronic neuropathic pain setting. PMID:19140488

  15. Statins for post resuscitation syndrome.

    PubMed

    Kämäräinen, Antti; Virkkunen, Ilkka; Silfvast, Tom; Tenhunen, Jyrki

    2009-07-01

    After sudden cardiac arrest, successful resuscitation and return of spontaneous circulation, a multi-faceted ischaemia/reperfusion related disorder develops. This condition now known as post resuscitation syndrome is characterised by marked increases in the inflammatory response and changes in coagulation profile and vascular reactivity. Additionally, the production of reactive oxygen species and activation of cytotoxic cascades of metabolism add to these injury mechanisms resulting in multiorgan perfusion deficits and dysfunction. Especially in the cerebrum these injuries may be the cause of significant morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence has shown that statins (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors) exert numerous beneficial effects in cardiovascular diseases irrespective of the lipid status. Remarkably, these pleiotropic effects seem to extended beyond cardiovascular diseases such as immunomodulative and antioxidative properties. We hypothesised that administration of statins early in the post resuscitation phase would prove beneficial in the resuscitated patient via several pleiotropic effects. These include inhibition of excessive coagulation and inflammatory response, suppression of oxygen radical production and improved vascular reactivity. The discussed effects are mediated via multiple pathways activated in the cardiac arrest victim, to which statins have been shown to have a beneficial modulating effect in experimental settings and non-cardiac arrest patients. To test this hypothesis in clinical practice, a randomized, controlled trial with sufficient power and standardised post resuscitation treatment would be necessary. The generally good tolerance of statin therapy with minimal adverse effects would support this experiment, although a parenteral form of the drug to ensure adequate dosage might be a prerequisite. PMID:19254829

  16. Post-Secularism, Religious Knowledge and Religious Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carr, David

    2012-01-01

    Post-secularism seems to follow in the wake of other (what are here called) "postal" perspectives--post-structuralism, postmodernism, post-empiricism, post-positivism, post-analytical philosophy, post-foundationalism and so on--in questioning or repudiating what it takes to be the epistemic assumptions of "modernism." To be sure, post-secularism…

  17. Hot Post-AGB Stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parthasarathy, M.; Gauba, G.; Fujii, T.; Nakada, Y.

    2001-08-01

    From the study of IRAS sources with far-IR colors similar to planetary nebulae (PNe), several proto-planetary nebulae with hot (OB) post-AGB central stars have been detected. These stars form an evolutionary link between the cooler G,F,A supergiant stars that have evolved off the Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) and the hot (OB) central stars of PNe. The optical spectra of these objects show strong Balmer emission lines and in some cases low excitation nebular emission lines such as [NII] and [SII] superposed on the OB stellar continuum. The absence of of [OIII] 5007Å line and the presence of low excitation nebular emission lines indicate that photoionisation has just started. The UV(IUE) spectra of some of these objects revealed violet shifted stellar wind P-Cygni profiles of CIV, SiIV and NV, indicating hot and fast stellar wind and post-AGB mass loss. These objects appear to be rapildy evolving into the early stages of PNe similar to that observed in the case of Hen1357 IRAS 17119-5926 (Stingray Nebula) and IRAS 18062+2410 SAO85766.

  18. Sterile post-traumatic immunosuppression.

    PubMed

    Islam, Md Nahidul; Bradley, Benjamin A; Ceredig, Rhodri

    2016-04-01

    After major trauma, the human immune system initiates a series of inflammatory events at the injury site that is later followed by suppression of local inflammation favoring the repair and remodeling of the damaged tissues. This local immune response involves complex interactions between resident cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells, soluble mediators such as cytokines and chemokines, and recruited cells such as neutrophils, monocytes and mesenchymal stromal cells. If of sufficient magnitude, these initial immune responses nevertheless have systemic consequences resulting in a state called post-traumatic immunosuppression (PTI). However, controversy exists regarding the exact immunological changes occurring in systemic compartments triggered by these local immune responses. PTI is one of the leading causes of post-surgical mortality and makes patients vulnerable to hospital-acquired infections, multiple organ failure and many other complications. In addition, hemorrhage, blood transfusion, immunesenescence and immunosuppressant drugs aggravate PTI. PTI has been intensively studied, but published results are frequently cloudy. The purpose of this review is to focus on the contributions made by different responsive modalities to immunosuppression following sterile trauma and to try to integrate these into an overall scheme of PTI. PMID:27195120

  19. Sterile post-traumatic immunosuppression

    PubMed Central

    Islam, Md Nahidul; Bradley, Benjamin A; Ceredig, Rhodri

    2016-01-01

    After major trauma, the human immune system initiates a series of inflammatory events at the injury site that is later followed by suppression of local inflammation favoring the repair and remodeling of the damaged tissues. This local immune response involves complex interactions between resident cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells, soluble mediators such as cytokines and chemokines, and recruited cells such as neutrophils, monocytes and mesenchymal stromal cells. If of sufficient magnitude, these initial immune responses nevertheless have systemic consequences resulting in a state called post-traumatic immunosuppression (PTI). However, controversy exists regarding the exact immunological changes occurring in systemic compartments triggered by these local immune responses. PTI is one of the leading causes of post-surgical mortality and makes patients vulnerable to hospital-acquired infections, multiple organ failure and many other complications. In addition, hemorrhage, blood transfusion, immunesenescence and immunosuppressant drugs aggravate PTI. PTI has been intensively studied, but published results are frequently cloudy. The purpose of this review is to focus on the contributions made by different responsive modalities to immunosuppression following sterile trauma and to try to integrate these into an overall scheme of PTI. PMID:27195120

  20. [Post-Lyme disease syndrome].

    PubMed

    Błaut-Jurkowska, Justyna; Jurkowski, Marcin

    2016-02-01

    Lyme disease is a chronic infectious disease caused by the bacteria, spirochete of the Borrelia type. Skin, nervous system, musculoskeletal system and heart may be involved in the course of the disease. The prognosis for properly treated Lyme disease is usually good. However, in about 5% of patients so called Post-Lyme disease syndrome (PLSD) develops. It is defined as a syndrome of subjective symptoms persisting despite proper treatment of Borrelia burgdorferi infection. The most common symptoms include: fatigue, muscle and joint pain, and problems with memory and concentration. Pathogenesis of PLDS remains unknown. The differential diagnosis should include neurological, rheumatic and mental diseases. Till now there is no causative treatment of PLDS. In relieving symptom rehabilitation, painkillers, anti-inflammatory and antidepressants medicines are recommended. Emotional and psychological supports are also necessary. Non-specific symptoms reported by patients with post- Lyme disease syndrome raise the suspicion of other pathologies. This can lead to misdiagnosis and implementation of unnecessary, potentially harmful to the patient's therapy. An increase in tick-borne diseases needs to increase physicians awareness of these issues. PMID:27000820

  1. 14 CFR 417.415 - Post-launch and post-flight-attempt hazard controls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Post-launch and post-flight-attempt hazard... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Ground Safety § 417.415 Post-launch and post... where the launch vehicle has a land or water impact. These procedures must include the...

  2. 14 CFR 417.415 - Post-launch and post-flight-attempt hazard controls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Post-launch and post-flight-attempt hazard... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Ground Safety § 417.415 Post-launch and post... where the launch vehicle has a land or water impact. These procedures must include the...

  3. Post-Gastric Bypass Hypoglycemia.

    PubMed

    Rariy, Chevon M; Rometo, David; Korytkowski, Mary

    2016-02-01

    Obesity is a major public health problem worldwide. Obesity-related illnesses, such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, stroke, sleep apnea, and several forms of cancer (endometrial, breast, and colon), contribute to a significant number of deaths in the USA. Bariatric surgery, including the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) procedure, has demonstrated significant improvements in obesity and obesity-related co-morbidities and is becoming more popular as the number of obese individuals rises. Despite the reported benefits of bariatric surgery, there are potential complications that physicians need to be aware of as the number of patients undergoing these procedures continues to increase. One challenging and potentially life-threatening complication that to date is not well understood is post-RYGB surgery hypoglycemia (PGBH). In this review, we will present the definition, historical perspective, diagnostic approach, currently available treatment options, and anecdotal assessment and treatment algorithm for this disorder. PMID:26868861

  4. STS-67 Post Flight Presentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    This video is the post-flight presentation by the astronauts of the STS-67 Space Shuttle Mission. The astronauts were: Steve Oswald (Mission Commander), Bill Gregory (Shuttle Pilot), John Grunsfeld (Mission Specialist), Sam Durrance (Payload Specialist), Ron Parise (Payload Specialist), and Tammy Jernigan (Payload Commander). Footage includes: pre-launch suitup and launch (liftoff), the deployment of the telescope package payload (Hopkins UV telescope, Wisconsin UV polarimeter, and Astrostar Tracker) for their astronomical observations of different stellar objects, inside Shuttle shots of data collection stations, protein crystal growth experiments, medical BSO of head and eye functions in microgravity environment, storm activity over the United States and other Earth observation shots, Mid-deck Act Control Experiments, school-Shuttle direct radio communication, and descent and landing footage. This launch was a night launch and the flight was a 17 day flight (extended two days from original flight plan).

  5. Post-therapeutic imaging findings.

    PubMed

    Pollice, Saverio; Muto, Mario; Scarabino, Tommaso

    2015-05-01

    Any surgical approach modifies the normal anatomical and functional arrangement of the segmental spine which is aimed, therefore image interpretation cannot ignore a correct set of knowledge in the field of anatomy, pathophysiology, drug compliance, interventional radiology and surgery. Neuroradiological imaging has an important role before surgery to direct the surgeon or interventional radiologist during the operation, both in post-surgery, where imaging examination can rightly evaluate properties and effects of the treatment and can detect potential complications as infections, abscess, bleeding, exuberant scar, mobilization and rupture of devices. The available methods of imaging are the X-rays (XR) made at least in two projections, Computed Tomography (CT) with MPR (multiplanar) and VR (volume rendering) reconstruction, and Magnetic Resonance (MR), often performed before and after contrast media injection. Imaging assessment of spine after surgery is complex and depends upon several factors, including surgical procedures and disease for which it was performed; biomechanical of the underlying cortical and cancellous bone findings; conditions of muscles, intervertebral disk and ligaments; time since surgery procedures; duration and nature of the post-surgical syndrome. Depending upon several factors, one or a combination of complementary imaging modalities (X-rays, Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance) may be required to evaluate effectiveness of the treatment; to demonstrate any clinically relevant abnormality at the treated region and adjacent structures (complications such as inflammation, abscesses, bleeding and misplacement of the device); to assist the interventional radiologist or surgeon in deciding if is necessary intervene again, in which nature and in which vertebral level(s). PMID:25017151

  6. [Post-traumatic stress disorder after childbirth].

    PubMed

    Korábová, I; Masopustová, Z

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to introduce the issue of post-traumatic stress disorder after childbirth to health care professionals. The text focuses on the diagnostic definition of post-traumatic stress disorder after childbirth, symptoms, physiological background, prevalence, course, risk factors and consequences of post-traumatic stress disorder after childbirth for a woman, her child and her partner. Options for interventions and therapy are outlined as well. PMID:26982058

  7. MRO DKF Post-Processing Tool

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ayap, Shanti; Fisher, Forest; Gladden, Roy; Khanampompan, Teerapat

    2008-01-01

    This software tool saves time and reduces risk by automating two labor-intensive and error-prone post-processing steps required for every DKF [DSN (Deep Space Network) Keyword File] that MRO (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter) produces, and is being extended to post-process the corresponding TSOE (Text Sequence Of Events) as well. The need for this post-processing step stems from limitations in the seq-gen modeling resulting in incorrect DKF generation that is then cleaned up in post-processing.

  8. Microleakage of Different Post Systems and a Custom Adapted Fiber Post

    PubMed Central

    Geramipanah, Farideh; Rezaei, Susan Mir Mohammad; Sichani, Saman Fallahi; Sichani, Babak Fallahi; Sadighpour, Leyla

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The effects of closely adapting a prefabricated fiber to the post space remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to quantify the microleakages of a custom adapted fiber-reinforced post, a prefabricated quartz fiber post and a cast post using nondestructive methods. Materials and Methods: Sixty-five extracted human premolars were endodontically treated and randomly divided into three groups (n=15), which were restored using a cast post-and-core, a custom adapted fiber post (Refropost) with a microhybrid microfiller resin composite (Gradia), or a prefabricated quartz fiber post (DT light post) and two groups of control (n=10). All groups were cemented using a dual polymerizing resin cement (Panavia F2.0). A composite core (Z100) was used for the fiber posts. The microleakage was calculated for the experimental and control groups before and after thermal cycling and cycling loading using a radiotracer solution (thallium 201 chloride) and a gamma counter device. Data were subjected to statistical analysis of ANOVA and Tukey HSD at significant level of P< 0.05. Results: Significantly lower microleakage values were found for the cast post-and-core (mean value =16.04 104) and custom adapted fiber post groups (mean value=14.36104). Thermal cycling and cyclic loading had no significant effect on the microleakage value of any tested group. Conclusion: Post systems with improved adaptation showed similar microleakage to casting posts. PMID:23724207

  9. STS-113 Post Flight Presentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    The STS-113 post-flight presentation begins with a view of Mission Specialists Michael E. Lopez-Alegria and John B. Herrington getting suited for the space mission. The STS-113 crew consists of: Commander James D. Wetherbee, Pilot Paul Lockhart, Mission Specialists Michael Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington. Cosmonauts Valery Korzun, and Sergei Treschev, and astronaut Peggy Whitson who are all members of the expedition five crew, and Commander Kenneth Bowersox, Flight Engineers Nikolai Budarin and Donald Pettit, members of Expedition Six. The main goal of this mission is to take Expedition Six up to the International Space Station and Return Expedition Five to the Earth. The second objective is to install the P(1) Truss segment. Three hours prior to launch, the crew of Expedition Six along with James Wetherbee, Paul Lockhart, Michael Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington are shown walking to an astrovan, which takes them to the launch pad. The actual liftoff is presented. Three Extravehicular Activities (EVA)'s are performed on this mission. Michael Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington are shown performing EVA 1 and EVA 2 which include making connections between the P1 and S(0) Truss segments, and installing fluid jumpers. A panoramic view of the ISS with the Earth in the background is shown. The grand ceremony of the crew exchange is presented. The astronauts performing everyday duties such as brushing teeth, washing hair, sleeping, and eating pistachio nuts are shown. The actual landing of the Space Shuttle is presented.

  10. STS 63: Post flight presentation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1995-02-01

    At a post flight conference, Captain Jim Wetherbee, of STS Flight 63, introduces each of the other members of the STS 63 crew (Eileen Collins, Pilot; Dr. Bernard Harris, Payload Commander; Dr. Michael Foale, Mission Specialist from England; Dr. Janice Voss, Mission Specialist; and Colonel Vladimir Titor, Mission Specialist from Russia), gave a short autobiography of each member and a brief description of their assignment during this mission. A film was shown that included the preflight suit-up, a view of the launch site, the actual night launch, a tour of the Space Shuttle and several of the experiment areas, several views of earth and the MIR Space Station and cosmonauts, the MlR-Space Shuttle rendezvous, the deployment of the Spartan Ultraviolet Telescope, Foale and Harris's EVA and space walk, the retrieval of Spartan, and the night entry home, including the landing. Several spaceborne experiments were introduced: the radiation monitoring experiment, environment monitoring experiment, solid surface combustion experiment, and protein crystal growth and plant growth experiments. This conference ended with still, color pictures, taken by the astronauts during the entire STS 63 flight, being shown.

  11. STS 63: Post Flight Presentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    At a post flight conference, Captain Jim Wetherbee, of STS Flight 63, introduces each of the other members of the STS 63 crew (Eileen Collins, Pilot; Dr. Bernard Harris, Payload Commander; Dr. Michael Foale, Mission Specialist from England; Dr. Janice Voss, Misssion Specialist; and Colonel Vladimir Titor, Misssion Specialist from Russia. A short biography of each member and a brief description of their assignment during this mission is given. A film was shown that included the preflight suit-up, a view of the launch site, the actual night launch, a tour of the Space Shuttle and several of the experiment areas, several views of earth and the MIR Space Station and cosmonauts, the MIR-Space Shuttle rendezvous, the deployment of the Spartan Ultraviolet Telescope, Foale and Harris's EVA and space walk, the retrieval of Spartan, and the night entry home, including the landing. Several spaceborne experiments were introduced: the radiation monitoring experiment, environment monitoring experiment, solid surface combustion experiment, and protein crystal growth and plant growth experiments. This conference ended with still, color pictures, taken by the astronauts during the entire STS 63 flight, being shown.

  12. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders.

    PubMed

    Dharnidharka, Vikas R; Webster, Angela C; Martinez, Olivia M; Preiksaitis, Jutta K; Leblond, Veronique; Choquet, Sylvain

    2016-01-01

    Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are a group of conditions that involve uncontrolled proliferation of lymphoid cells as a consequence of extrinsic immunosuppression after organ or haematopoietic stem cell transplant. PTLDs show some similarities to classic lymphomas in the non-immunosuppressed general population. The oncogenic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a key pathogenic driver in many early-onset cases, through multiple mechanisms. The incidence of PTLD varies with the type of transplant; a clear distinction should therefore be made between the conditions after solid organ transplant and after haematopoietic stem cell transplant. Recipient EBV seronegativity and the intensity of immunosuppression are among key risk factors. Symptoms and signs depend on the localization of the lymphoid masses. Diagnosis requires histopathology, although imaging techniques can provide additional supportive evidence. Pre-emptive intervention based on monitoring EBV levels in blood has emerged as the preferred strategy for PTLD prevention. Treatment of established disease includes reduction of immunosuppression and/or administration of rituximab (a B cell-specific antibody against CD20), chemotherapy and EBV-specific cytotoxic T cells. Despite these strategies, the mortality and morbidity remains considerable. Patient outcome is influenced by the severity of presentation, treatment-related complications and risk of allograft loss. New innovative treatment options hold promise for changing the outlook in the future. PMID:27189056

  13. Post-Newtonian cosmological modelling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanghai, Viraj A. A.; Clifton, Timothy

    2015-05-01

    We develop a new approach to building cosmological models, in which small pieces of perturbed Minkowski space are joined together at reflection-symmetric boundaries in order to form a global, dynamical space-time. Each piece of this patchwork universe is described using post-Newtonian gravitational physics, with the large-scale expansion of the Universe being an emergent phenomenon. This approach to cosmology does not require any assumptions about nonlocal averaging processes. Our framework clarifies the relation between the weak-field limit of general relativity, and the cosmological solutions that result from solving Einstein's equations with a set of symmetry assumptions. It also allows the effects of structure formation on the large-scale expansion of the Universe to be investigated without averaging anything. As an explicit example, we use this formalism to investigate the cosmological behavior of a large number of regularly arranged pointlike masses. In this case we find that the large-scale expansion is well modelled by a Friedmann-like equation that contains terms that take the form of dust, radiation, and spatial curvature. The radiation term, while small compared to the dust term, is purely a result of the nonlinearity of Einstein's equations.

  14. Post partum pelvic floor changes

    PubMed Central

    Fonti, Ylenia; Giordano, Rosalba; Cacciatore, Alessandra; Romano, Mattea; La Rosa, Beatrice

    2009-01-01

    Pelvic-perineal dysfunctions, are the most common diseases in women after pregnancy. Urinary incontinence and genital prolapsy, often associated, are the most important consequences of childbirth and are determined by specific alterations in the structure of neurological and musculo-fascial pelvic support. Causation is difficult to prove because symptom occur remote from delivery. Furthermore it is unclear whether changes are secondary to the method of childbirth or to the pregnancy itself. This controversy fuels the debate about whether or not women should be offered the choice of elective caesarean delivery to avoid the development of subsequent pelvic floor disfunction. But it has been demonstrated that pregnancy itself, by means of mechanical changes of pelvic statics and changes in hormones, can be a significant risk factor for these diseases. Especially is the first child to be decisive for the stability of the pelvic floor. During pregnancy, the progressive increase in volume of the uterus subject perineal structures to a major overload. During delivery, the parties present and passes through the urogenital hiatus leading to growing pressure on the tissues causing the stretching of the pelvic floor with possible muscle damage, connective tissue and / or nervous. In this article we aim to describe genitourinary post partum changes with particular attention to the impact of pregnancy or childbirth on these changes. PMID:22439048

  15. 77 FR 3807 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-25

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Badger, Iowa post office has been filed. It... Commission received four petitions for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Badger post office in Badger, Iowa. The first petition for review received December 30, 2011, was filed by Myron...

  16. 46 CFR 169.217 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Posting. 169.217 Section 169.217 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Inspection and Certification Certificate of Inspection § 169.217 Posting. The certificate of inspection must be framed...

  17. 46 CFR 126.240 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Posting. 126.240 Section 126.240 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificate of Inspection § 126.240 Posting. The Certificate of Inspection must be framed under glass or...

  18. 46 CFR 126.240 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Posting. 126.240 Section 126.240 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificate of Inspection § 126.240 Posting. The Certificate of Inspection must be framed under glass or...

  19. 10 CFR 76.70 - Post issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Post issuance. 76.70 Section 76.70 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.70 Post issuance. (a) Amendment of certificate terms and conditions. The terms and conditions of a certificate...

  20. 10 CFR 76.70 - Post issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Post issuance. 76.70 Section 76.70 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.70 Post issuance. (a) Amendment of certificate terms and conditions. The terms and conditions of a certificate...

  1. 10 CFR 76.70 - Post issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Post issuance. 76.70 Section 76.70 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.70 Post issuance. (a) Amendment of certificate terms and conditions. The terms and conditions of a certificate...

  2. 10 CFR 76.70 - Post issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Post issuance. 76.70 Section 76.70 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.70 Post issuance. (a) Amendment of certificate terms and conditions. The terms and conditions of a certificate...

  3. 10 CFR 76.70 - Post issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Post issuance. 76.70 Section 76.70 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.70 Post issuance. (a) Amendment of certificate terms and conditions. The terms and conditions of a certificate...

  4. 76 FR 62465 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Freedom, Wyoming post office has been filed. It... the Postal Service's determination to close the Freedom post office in Freedom, Wyoming. The first... via telephone at 202-789-6846. The Commission reserves the right to redact personal information...

  5. 76 FR 76202 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Little America, Wyoming post office has been filed... received a petition for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Little America post office in Little America, Wyoming. The petition for review was filed by Byron Wall (Petitioner) and...

  6. 76 FR 54266 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ... Docket No. A2011-51; Order No. 824] Post Office Closing AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION... Commission has posted the appeal and supporting material on its Web site at http://www.prc.gov . Additional... provided in electronic format or amenable to conversion, and not subject to a valid protective...

  7. 76 FR 72453 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-23

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Waverly, Washington post office has been filed. It... cannot submit their views electronically should contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER... received a petition for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Waverly post office...

  8. 77 FR 1962 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Daisy, Georgia post office has been filed. It... Commission received eleven petitions for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Daisy post office in Daisy, Georgia. The first petition for review received December 27, 2011, was filed by...

  9. 10 CFR 34.53 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Posting. 34.53 Section 34.53 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHIC OPERATIONS Radiation Safety Requirements 34.53 Posting. All areas in which industrial radiography is...

  10. 10 CFR 34.53 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Posting. 34.53 Section 34.53 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHIC OPERATIONS Radiation Safety Requirements 34.53 Posting. All areas in which industrial radiography is...

  11. 10 CFR 34.53 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Posting. 34.53 Section 34.53 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHIC OPERATIONS Radiation Safety Requirements 34.53 Posting. All areas in which industrial radiography is...

  12. 10 CFR 34.53 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Posting. 34.53 Section 34.53 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHIC OPERATIONS Radiation Safety Requirements 34.53 Posting. All areas in which industrial radiography is...

  13. Does SNOMED CT post-coordination scale?

    PubMed

    Karlsson, Daniel; Nyström, Mikael; Cornet, Ronald

    2014-01-01

    SNOMED CT is a compositional terminology. Construction of post-coordinated expressions allows users to specify new meaning by referencing existing SNOMED CT concepts. The use of post-coordinated expressions in information systems requires special software, a reasoner, to give the exact relations between post-coordinated expressions and existing SNOMED CT content. Thus, the performance characteristics of reasoners are important for implementation of post-coordination in information systems. This study aims to test how reasoners perform when a large number of post-coordinated expressions are added to SNOMED CT. The time needed to classify an ontology consisting of SNOMED CT plus an increasing number of post-coordinated expressions is measured. The best performing reasoner in this test classifies SNOMED CT plus 1 million post-coordinated expressions in 42 seconds. The time to classify grows a little less than quadratic as the size of the ontology increases. In conclusion, classification time is not a problem using current reasoners and current SNOMED CT releases even if a large number of post-coordinated expressions are added. PMID:25160348

  14. Post-Secondary Child Care Grant Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Higher Education Services Office, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The objective of the Post-Secondary Child Care Grant Program is to provide financial assistance to post-secondary students with financial need who require child care assistance for their dependent children and do not receive funds from the Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP). This document contains provides information on: (1) eligibility…

  15. Constructing Relationships in Post-Divorce Therapy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chenail, Ronald J.; And Others

    This paper introduces a post-divorce therapy project in which therapists focus on communication patterns and help families resolve their problematic post-divorce situations by co-creating more useful ways of dealing with their disputes and conflicts. The paper also examines how therapists attempt to construct alternative relationships with and…

  16. 76 FR 71084 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Orchard, Iowa post office has been filed. It... received two petitions for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Orchard post office in Orchard, Iowa. The first petition for review was filed by Judith ] A. Schimpf. The second petition...

  17. 76 FR 76449 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Spring Dale, West Virginia post office has been...'' link in the banner at the top of the Commission's Web site ( http://www.prc.gov ) or by directly... four petitions for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Spring Dale post office...

  18. 76 FR 57086 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-15

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Lincoln, Iowa post office has been filed. It... Postal Service's determination to close the Lincoln post office in Lincoln, Iowa. The petition was filed by the Citizens of Lincoln, Iowa (Petitioner) and is postmarked August 24, 2011. The...

  19. 46 CFR 169.217 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Posting. 169.217 Section 169.217 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Inspection and Certification Certificate of Inspection § 169.217 Posting. The certificate of inspection must be framed...

  20. 46 CFR 169.217 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Posting. 169.217 Section 169.217 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Inspection and Certification Certificate of Inspection § 169.217 Posting. The certificate of inspection must be framed...

  1. 46 CFR 169.217 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Posting. 169.217 Section 169.217 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Inspection and Certification Certificate of Inspection § 169.217 Posting. The certificate of inspection must be framed...

  2. 46 CFR 169.217 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Posting. 169.217 Section 169.217 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Inspection and Certification Certificate of Inspection § 169.217 Posting. The certificate of inspection must be framed...

  3. 10 CFR 1048.6 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Posting. 1048.6 Section 1048.6 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) TRESPASSING ON STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE FACILITIES AND OTHER PROPERTY § 1048.6 Posting. Notices stating the pertinent prohibitions of §§ 1048.3 and 1048.4 and the penalties of §...

  4. 10 CFR 1048.6 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Posting. 1048.6 Section 1048.6 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) TRESPASSING ON STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE FACILITIES AND OTHER PROPERTY § 1048.6 Posting. Notices stating the pertinent prohibitions of §§ 1048.3 and 1048.4 and the penalties of §...

  5. 77 FR 4380 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-27

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Ponce de Leon, Missouri post office has been filed...), the Commission received a petition for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Ponce de Leon Post Office in Ponce de Leon, Missouri. The petition for review received January 6, 2012,...

  6. 76 FR 76451 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Nixon, Nevada post office has been filed. It... received a petition for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Nixon post office in Nixon, Nevada. The petition for review was filed by Wayne Burke, on behalf of the Pyramid Lake...

  7. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Posting of bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Posting of bond. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY BONDING OF SHIP'S PERSONNEL Sec. 4 Posting of bond. The General Agent shall retain an executed copy of each such bond in its principal...

  8. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Posting of bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Posting of bond. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY BONDING OF SHIP'S PERSONNEL Sec. 4 Posting of bond. The General Agent shall retain an executed copy of each such bond in its principal...

  9. 76 FR 54265 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the West Elkton, Ohio post office has been filed. It... CONTACT: Stephen L. Sharfman, General Counsel, at 202-789-6820 (case-related information) or DocketAdmins... Postal Service's determination to close the West Elkton post office in West Elkton, Ohio. The...

  10. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Violence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    French, Laurence

    This paper is a clinical discussion of post-traumatic stress disorder and violence, particularly as it applies to the Vietnam Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome. In the first section, the syndrome is described as the sudden onset of explosive rage and unprovoked violence with little or no warning, accompanied by a drastic change in personality. It is…

  11. Post-emergence herbicides useful in calendula

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Easy and effective weed control is required by growers who are considering new industrial crops. Post-emergence herbicides typically are the products of choice by today’s growers. Unfortunately, post-emergence herbicides with proven safety margins are not known for calendula (Calendula officinalis),...

  12. Pain Management: Post-Amputation Pain

    MedlinePlus

    Pain Management Post-Amputation Pain Volume 8 · Issue 2 · March/April 1998 Text size Larger text Smaller text ... post-op epidural analgesia is being recommended for pain management since it can be very effective. Adequate doses ...

  13. 10 CFR 73.75 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Posting. 73.75 Section 73.75 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF PLANTS AND MATERIALS Records and Reports § 73.75 Posting. (a... compliance issued by the Commission, are also covered by U.S. Department of Energy regulations...

  14. 10 CFR 73.75 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Posting. 73.75 Section 73.75 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF PLANTS AND MATERIALS Records and Reports § 73.75 Posting. (a... compliance issued by the Commission, are also covered by U.S. Department of Energy regulations...

  15. 48 CFR 752.7029 - Post privileges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... privileges. For use in all USAID non-commercial contracts involving performance overseas. Post Privileges (JUL 1993) (a) Routine health room services may be available, subject to post policy, to U.S. citizen... routine health room services, on the same basis as it would be to any U.S. citizen in an emergency...

  16. 76 FR 76444 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Holland, Iowa post office has been filed. It...: Administrative record due (from Postal Service); December 27, 2011, 4:30 p.m., Eastern Time: Deadline for notices... received a petition for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Holland post office...

  17. Post-Retrofit Residential Assessments

    SciTech Connect

    Lancaster, Ross; lutzenhiser, Loren; Moezzi, Mithra; Widder, Sarah H.; Chandra, Subrato; Baechler, Michael C.

    2012-04-30

    This study examined a range of factors influencing energy consumption in households that had participated in residential energy-efficiency upgrades. The study was funded by a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and was conducted by faculty and staff of Portland State University Center for Urban Studies and Department of Economics. This work was made possible through the assistance and support of the Energy Trust of Oregon (ETO), whose residential energy-efficiency programs provided the population from which the sample cases were drawn. All households in the study had participated in the ETO Home Performance with Energy Star (HPwES) program. A number of these had concurrently pursued measures through other ETO programs. Post-retrofit energy outcomes are rarely investigated on a house-by-house basis. Rather, aggregate changes are ordinarily the focus of program impact evaluations, with deviation from aggregate expectations chalked up to measurement error, the vagaries of weather and idiosyncrasies of occupants. However, understanding how homes perform post-retrofit on an individual basis can give important insights to increase energy savings at the participant and the programmatic level. Taking a more disaggregated approach, this study analyzed energy consumption data from before and after the retrofit activity and made comparisons with engineering estimates for the upgrades, to identify households that performed differently from what may have been expected based on the estimates. A statistical analysis using hierarchal linear models, which accounted for weather variations, was performed looking separately at gas and electrical use during the periods before and after upgrades took place. A more straightforward comparison of billing data for 12-month periods before and after the intervention was also performed, yielding the majority of the cases examined. The later approach allowed total energy use and costs to be assessed but did not account for weather variation. From this statistical analysis, 18 study participants were selected and interviewed. The participants completed an in-home interview covering a range of topics, including changes in occupancy and additional changes to the homes that may have affected energy use. The goal of the interviews was to identify factors that may have contributed to unusual energy performance. These factors were identified by their frequency of occurrence in outperforming or underperforming homes, or simply by identifying factors that had the largest impact on overall savings. The motivations and levels of satisfaction with the outcomes of the upgrades were covered in detail, as well as extensive discussions of behaviors pertaining to thermal control, lighting, water, and appliance use. Most of cases studied achieved substantial energy savings, although it was more common for the projected savings to be greater than the demonstrated savings. Two factors that played a very large role in savings variation were 1) changes in occupancy and 2) fenestration improvements outside of the incentive programs. Motivation for pursuing the upgrades (e.g., environmental sustainability vs. comfort or cost savings) did not seem to play any role in achieving savings. Participants generally were more concerned with maintaining aesthetics through lighting than comfort through heating or cooling. They also seemed more likely to turn the lights off when leaving a room than to turn the heat off when leaving the home.

  18. CID Post-impact fireball

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    Following its controlled impact on posts imbedded in the lakebed, the B-720 is sliding sideways and almost enveloped in the large fireball with only the aircraft's nose and right wing-tip exposed. In a typical aircraft crash, fuel spilled from ruptured fuel tanks forms a fine mist that can be ignited by a number of sources at the crash site. In 1984 the NASA Dryden Flight Research Facility (after 1994 a full-fledged Center again) and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) teamed-up in a unique flight experiment called the Controlled Impact Demonstration (CID), to test crash a Boeing 720 aircraft using standard fuel with an additive designed to supress fire. The additive, FM-9, a high-molecular-weight long-chain polymer, when blended with Jet-A fuel had demonstrated the capability to inhibit ignition and flame propagation of the released fuel in simulated crash tests. This anti-misting kerosene (AMK) cannot be introduced directly into a gas turbine engine due to several possible problems such as clogging of filters. The AMK must be restored to almost Jet-A before being introduced into the engine for burning. This restoration is called 'degradation' and was accomplished on the B-720 using a device called a 'degrader.' Each of the four Pratt & Whitney JT3C-7 engines had a 'degrader' built and installed by General Electric (GE) to break down and return the AMK to near Jet-A quality. In addition to the AMK research the NASA Langley Research Center was involved in a structural loads measurement experiment, which included having instrumented dummies filling the seats in the passenger compartment. Before the final flight on December 1, 1984, more than four years of effort passed trying to set-up final impact conditions considered survivable by the FAA. During those years while 14 flights with crews were flown the following major efforts were underway: NASA Dryden developed the remote piloting techniques necessary for the B-720 to fly as a drone aircraft; General Electric installed and tested four degraders (one on each engine); and the FAA refined AMK (blending, testing, and fueling a full-size aircraft). The 15 flights had 15 takeoffs, 14 landings and a larger number of approaches to about 150 feet above the prepared crash site under remote control. These flight were used to introduce AMK one step at a time into some of the fuel tanks and engines while monitoring the performance of the engines. On the final flight (No. 15) with no crew, all fuel tanks were filled with a total of 76,000 pounds of AMK and the remotely-piloted aircraft landed on Rogers Dry Lakebed in an area prepared with posts to test the effectiveness of the AMK in a controlled impact. The CID, which some wags called the Crash in the Desert, was spectacular with a large fireball enveloping and burning the B-720 aircraft. From the standpoint of AMK the test was a major set-back, but for NASA Langley, the data collected on crashworthiness was deemed successful and just as important.

  19. Explosive signatures: Pre & post blast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernier, Evan Thomas

    Manuscripts 1 and 2 of this dissertation both involve the pre-blast detection of trace explosive material. The first manuscript explores the analysis of human hair as an indicator of exposure to explosives. Field analysis of hair for trace explosives is quick and non-invasive, and could prove to be a powerful linkage to physical evidence in the form of bulk explosive material. Individuals tested were involved in studies which required handling or close proximity to bulk high explosives such as TNT, PETN, and RDX. The second manuscript reports the results of research in the design and application of canine training aids for non-traditional, peroxide-based explosives. Organic peroxides such as triacetonetriperoxide (TATP) and hexamethylenetriperoxidediamine (HMTD) can be synthesized relatively easily with store-bought ingredients and have become popular improvised explosives with many terrorist groups. Due to the hazards of handling such sensitive compounds, this research established methods for preparing training aids which contained safe quantities of TATP and HMTD for use in imprinting canines with their characteristic odor. Manuscripts 3 and 4 of this dissertation focus on research conducted to characterize pipe bombs during and after an explosion (post-blast). Pipe bombs represent a large percentage of domestic devices encountered by law enforcement. The current project has involved the preparation and controlled explosion of over 90 pipe bombs of different configurations in order to obtain data on fragmentation patterns, fragment velocity, blast overpressure, and fragmentation distance. Physical data recorded from the collected fragments, such as mass, size, and thickness, was correlated with the relative power of the initial device. Manuscript 4 explores the microstructural analysis of select pipe bomb fragments. Shock-loading of the pipe steel led to plastic deformation and work hardening in the steel grain structure as evidenced by optical microscopy and microhardness testing respectively.

  20. Post-traumatic stress disorder

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may affect 10% of women and 5% of men at some stage, and symptoms may persist for several years. Risk factors include major trauma, lack of social support, peritraumatic dissociation, and previous psychiatric history or personality factors. Methods and outcomes We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of interventions to prevent PTSD? What are the effects of interventions to treat PTSD? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to March 2009 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). Results We found 46 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. Conclusions In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: affect management; antiepileptic drugs; antihypertensive drugs; benzodiazepines; brofaromine; CBT; drama therapy; eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing; fluoxetine; group therapy; hydrocortisone; hypnotherapy; inpatient treatment programmes; Internet-based psychotherapy; mirtazapine; multiple-session CBT; multiple-session collaborative trauma support; multiple-session education; nefazodone; olanzapine; paroxetine; phenelzine; psychodynamic psychotherapy; risperidone; SSRIs (versus other antidepressants); sertraline; single-session group debriefing; single-session individual debriefing; supportive psychotherapy; supportive counselling; temazepam; tricyclic antidepressants; and venlafaxine. PMID:21718580

  1. Interventional Treatment for Post-traumatic Headache.

    PubMed

    Conidi, Francis X

    2016-06-01

    Post-traumatic headache (migraine) is the most common symptom of concussion and traumatic brain injury. An expert opinion-based review along with a literature review (PubMed) was conducted looking at known interventional procedures for post-traumatic headache using the keywords post-traumatic headache, post-traumatic migraine headache, concussion, mild traumatic brain injury, and traumatic brain injury and the following categories: mechanism, pathophysiology, treatment, physical therapy, neurostimulation, Botox@/Onabotulinum toxin, and surgical intervention. The results returned a total of 181 articles of which 52 were selected. None of the articles included randomized placebo-controlled studies, and most were either prospective or retrospective case analysis and/or review articles or consensus opinion papers, with most studies yielding positive results. Despite a lack of hard evidence, interventional procedures, alone or in combination, appear to be an effective treatment for post-traumatic headaches. PMID:27130542

  2. Fiber post techniques for anatomical root variations.

    PubMed

    Boksman, Leendert; Hepburn, Alejandro Bertoldi; Kogan, Enrique; Friedman, Manny; de Rijk, Waldemar

    2011-05-01

    In contemporary dental practice, there is no remaining reason to use metallic posts, custom or prefabricated. Many cases that several years ago would have required a retentive post will not require that post today, because of the many improvements in bonding agents and composite resin restoratives. However, in cases where less than 50% of coronal tooth structure remains--or in other cases wherein the judgment of the clinician a post is indicated--there are now aesthetic, non-corrosive, fracture resistant and radiopaque alternatives for all varieties that save time and money without compromise. Their most compelling advantage, regardless of the geometry or amount of residual tooth structure, is the protection from root fracture that a low modulus restoration provides. In selecting the materials (posts, resins) for these techniques, the dentist is advised not to cut corners, and to seek the strongest and most radiopaque products available. PMID:21650123

  3. Development of optimized dc station post insulators

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, A.C. ); Schneider, H.M.; Howes, D.R. . High Voltage Transmission Research Center)

    1992-01-01

    This report describes research conducted to determine the contamination performance of HVDC station post insulators. The contamination severity on post insulators in four different HVDC converter stations was obtained by a series of field measurements. The data were analyzed to show the effect of polarity, stress, voltage magnitude and distribution of contaminant along and around in the insulators. Recommendations were made for subsequent laboratory evaluation of post insulator flashover strength using the clean fog artificial contamination test, procedure. The effect of shed configuration was investigated in those laboratory tests using full scale station posts with significantly different geometric profiles. Test results were also obtained for naturally contaminated post insulators exposed to DC voltage. Comparisons of HVAC and HVDC contamination performance of post insulators were made in order to relate the DC performance to that of AC where more experience is available. The influence of shape parameters on the accumulation of contaminant was studied by means of a dust deposit chamber. Improvements in the withstand capability of post insulators with special treatments, such as semi-conductive glaze or room temperature vulcanized silicone rubber coatings, were explored. 19 refs.

  4. [Actual approaches to post-psychotic depression].

    PubMed

    Eiber, R; Even, C

    2001-01-01

    Clinical features of post-psychotic depression in schizophrenia have been described since the beginning of the century. However, international nosographies mention this concept only since the ICD 10 and the DSM IV. In clinical practice, post-psychotic depression is a real challenge. Currently, the exact prevalence remains undetermined and is estimated about 25%, varying from 7 to 70% in the literature. The diagnostic criteria nowadays available will encourage searchers to determine the exact prevalence of post-psychotic depression. This is surely due to difficulties in the diagnostic approach. The clinical picture resembles that of major depression. However, there are confounding factors such as negative symptoms and extrapyramidal symptoms. With regard to psychometrics, two specific rating scales are thought to measure depressive symptoms in schizophrenia: the Calgary Depression Scale (CDS) and the Psychotic Depression Scale (PDS). Nonetheless, the scales are not specific for post-psychotic depression. Prognosis of an acute schizophrenia is linked among other factors with the emergence of a post-psychotic depression that is in turn influences suicidal risk and quality of life. Genetic, therapeutic, psychodynamic and psychological factors have been invoked in the etiopathogenesis of post-psychotic depression. In clinical practice, post-psychotic depression can be successfully treated with antidepressive medication. Some antidepressants have shown their efficacy. PMID:11686051

  5. Development of new radiopaque glass fiber posts.

    PubMed

    Furtos, Gabriel; Baldea, Bogdan; Silaghi-Dumitrescu, Laura

    2016-02-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the radiopacity and filler content of three experimental glass fiber posts (EGFP) in comparison with other glass/carbon fibers and metal posts from the dental market. Three EGFP were obtained by pultrusion of glass fibers in a polymer matrix based on 2,2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloyloxypropoxy)-phenyl]propane (bis-GMA) and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) monomers. Using intraoral sensor disks 27 posts, as well as mesiodistal sections of human molar and aluminum step wedges were radiographed for evaluation of radiopacity. The percentage compositions of fillers by weight and volume were investigated by combustion analysis. Two EGFP showed radiopacity higher than enamel. The commercial endodontic posts showed radiopacity as follows: higher than enamel, between enamel and dentin, and lower than dentin. The results showed statistically significant differences (p b 0.05)when evaluatedwith one-way ANOVA statistical analysis. According to combustion analyses, the filler content of the tested posts ranges between 58.84wt.% and 86.02wt.%. The filler content of the tested EGFP ranged between 68.91 wt.% and 79.04 wt.%. EGFP could be an alternative to commercial glass fiber posts. Futureglass fiber posts are recommended to present higher radiopacity than dentin and perhaps ideally similar to or higher than that of enamel, for improved clinical detection. The posts with a lower radiopacity than dentin should be considered insufficiently radiopaque. The radiopacity of some glass fiber posts is not greatly influenced by the amount of filler. PMID:26652441

  6. Post combustion trials at Dofasco's KOBM furnace

    SciTech Connect

    Farrand, B.L.; Wood, J.E.; Goetz, F.J.

    1992-01-01

    Post combustion trials were conducted at Dofasco's 300 tonne KOBM furnace as part of the AISI Direct Steelmaking Program. The purpose of the project work was to measure the post combustion ratio (PCR) and heat transfer efficiency (HTE) of the post combustion reaction in a full size steelmaking vessel. A method of calculating PCR and HTE using off gas analysis and gas temperature was developed. The PCR and HTE were determined under normal operating conditions. Trials assessed the effect of lance height, vessel volume, foaming slag and pellet additions on PCR and HTE.

  7. Post-Genomics and Skin Inflammation

    PubMed Central

    Braconi, Daniela; Bernardini, Giulia; Santucci, Annalisa

    2010-01-01

    Atopic dermatitis and psoriasis are two chronic skin inflammatory diseases that have so far received a greater attention within the scientific community through different post-genomic approaches; on the contrary, acne, which is undoubtedly one of the most common skin disorders involving inflammatory processes, seems to be still quite neglected under the post-genomic point of view. In this paper, we will review how post-genomic technologies have provided new fundamental tools for the analysis of these three conditions and we will cast light on their potential in addressing future research challenges. PMID:20886018

  8. Post-genomics and skin inflammation.

    PubMed

    Braconi, Daniela; Bernardini, Giulia; Santucci, Annalisa

    2010-01-01

    Atopic dermatitis and psoriasis are two chronic skin inflammatory diseases that have so far received a greater attention within the scientific community through different post-genomic approaches; on the contrary, acne, which is undoubtedly one of the most common skin disorders involving inflammatory processes, seems to be still quite neglected under the post-genomic point of view. In this paper, we will review how post-genomic technologies have provided new fundamental tools for the analysis of these three conditions and we will cast light on their potential in addressing future research challenges. PMID:20886018

  9. Post-epilepsy stroke: A review.

    PubMed

    Jin, Jing; Chen, Rong; Xiao, Zheng

    2016-03-01

    Stroke and epilepsy are two of the most common neurological disorders and share a complicated relationship. It is well established that stroke is one of the most important causes of epilepsy, particularly new-onset epilepsy among the elderly. However, post-epilepsy stroke has been overlooked. In recent years, it has been demonstrated that epilepsy patients have increased risk and mortality from stroke when compared with the general population. Additionally, it was proposed that post-epilepsy stroke might be associated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), epileptic seizures and the lifestyle of epileptic patients. Here, we comprehensively review the epidemiology, causes and interventions for post-epilepsy stroke. PMID:26919195

  10. Survival rate and failure characteristics for two post designs.

    PubMed

    Torbjörner, A; Karlsson, S; Odman, P A

    1995-05-01

    The dental records of 638 patients treated with 788 posts and cores were studied to analyze failure rate and failure characteristics for two post designs. Frequency of the technical failures, loss of retention, root fracture, and post fracture were recorded 4 to 5 years after post cementation. There were two types of posts: custom-cast tapered posts and parallel-sided serrated posts. The cumulative failure rate was 15% for 456 tapered posts and 8% for 332 Para-Post posts. Loss of retention was the most frequent reason for failure for both types of posts, whereas root fractures had the most serious consequences, and all resulted in extraction. A significantly higher success rate was recorded for parallel-sided serrated posts, compared with custom-cast posts, regarding the total failure rate and the severity of the failure (p < 0.05). PMID:7658393

  11. Evaluation of pre-fabricated root canal posts.

    PubMed

    Hew, Y S; Purton, D G; Love, R M

    2001-03-01

    In this in vitro study, properties of a titanium alloy post recently introduced to the market (IntegraPost), were compared with those of a clinically proven stainless steel post (ParaPost). The IntegraPost has a unique, perforated, spherical head and a microknurled shank surface. The posts were tested for rigidity, for retention within the root canals of extracted teeth and for ability to retain composite resin cores. The two post types exhibited similar properties in core and root canal retention, however, the IntegraPost was significantly less rigid than the ParaPost. PMID:11350574

  12. CID Post-impact fireball

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The B-720 after impact and sliding through the wing openers is becoming enveloped in a fireball. The right wing appears to be folding over as the aircraft continues to slide. In a typical aircraft crash, fuel spilled from ruptured fuel tanks forms a fine mist that can be ignited by a number of sources at the crash site. In 1984 the NASA Dryden Flight Research Facility (after 1994 a full-fledged Center again) and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) teamed-up in a unique flight experiment called the Controlled Impact Demonstration (CID), to test crash a Boeing 720 aircraft using standard fuel with an additive designed to supress fire. The additive, FM-9, a high-molecular-weight long-chain polymer, when blended with Jet-A fuel had demonstrated the capability to inhibit ignition and flame propagation of the released fuel in simulated crash tests. This anti-misting kerosene (AMK) cannot be introduced directly into a gas turbine engine due to several possible problems such as clogging of filters. The AMK must be restored to almost Jet-A before being introduced into the engine for burning. This restoration is called 'degradation' and was accomplished on the B-720 using a device called a 'degrader.' Each of the four Pratt & Whitney JT3C-7 engines had a 'degrader' built and installed by General Electric (GE) to break down and return the AMK to near Jet-A quality. In addition to the AMK research the NASA Langley Research Center was involved in a structural loads measurement experiment, which included having instrumented dummies filling the seats in the passenger compartment. Before the final flight on December 1, 1984, more than four years of effort passed trying to set-up final impact conditions considered survivable by the FAA. During those years while 14 flights with crews were flown the following major efforts were underway: NASA Dryden developed the remote piloting techniques necessary for the B-720 to fly as a drone aircraft; General Electric installed and tested four degraders (one on each engine); and the FAA refined AMK (blending, testing, and fueling a full-size aircraft). The 15 flights had 15 takeoffs, 14 landings and a larger number of approaches to about 150 feet above the prepared crash site under remote control. These flight were used to introduce AMK one step at a time into some of the fuel tanks and engines while monitoring the performance of the engines. On the final flight (No. 15) with no crew, all fuel tanks were filled with a total of 76,000 pounds of AMK and the remotely-piloted aircraft landed on Rogers Dry Lakebed in an area prepared with posts to test the effectiveness of the AMK in a controlled impact. The CID, which some wags called the Crash in the Desert, was spectacular with a large fireball enveloping and burning the B-720 aircraft. From the standpoint of AMK the test was a major set-back, but for NASA Langley, the data collected on crashworthiness was deemed successful and just as important.

  13. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.

    PubMed

    Javidi, H; Yadollahie, M

    2012-01-01

    Unexpected extreme sudden traumatic stressor may cause post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Important traumatic events include war, violent personal assault (e.g., sexual assault, and physical attack), being taken hostage or kidnapped, confinement as a prisoner of war, torture, terrorist attack, severe car accidents, and natural disasters. In childhood age sexual abuse or witnessing serious injuries or unexpected death of a beloved one are among important traumatic events.PTSD can be categorized into two types of acute and chronic PTSD: if symptoms persist for less than three months, it is termed "acute PTSD," otherwise, it is called "chronic PTSD." 60.7% of men and 51.2% of women would experience at least one potentially traumatic event in their lifetime. The lifetime prevalence of PTSD is significantly higher in women than men. Lifetime prevalence of PTSD varies from 0.3% in China to 6.1% in New Zealand. The prevalence of PTSD in crime victims are between 19% and 75%; rates as high as 80% have been reported following rape. The prevalence of PTSD among direct victims of disasters was reported to be 30%-40%; the rate in rescue workers was 10%-20%. The prevalence of PTSD among police, fire, and emergency service workers ranged from 6%-32%. An overall prevalence rate of 4% for the general population, the rate in rescue/recovery occupations ranged from 5% to 32%, with the highest rate reported in search and rescue personnel (25%), firefighters (21%), and workers with no prior training for facing disaster. War is one of the most intense stressors known to man. Armed forces have a higher prevalence of depression, anxiety disorders, alcohol abuse and PTSD. High-risk children who have been abused or experienced natural disasters may have an even higher prevalence of PTSD than adults.Female gender, previous psychiatric problem, intensity and nature of exposure to the traumatic event, and lack of social support are known risk factors for work-related PTSD. Working with severely ill patients, journalists and their families, and audiences who witness serious trauma and war at higher risk of PTSD.The intensity of trauma, pre-trauma demographic variables, neuroticism and temperament traits are the best predictors of the severity of PTSD symptoms. About 84% of those suffering from PTSD may have comorbid conditions including alcohol or drug abuse; feeling shame, despair and hopeless; physical symptoms; employment problems; divorce; and violence which make life harder. PTSD may contribute to the development of many other disorders such as anxiety disorders, major depressive disorder, substance abuse/dependency disorders, alcohol abuse/dependence, conduct disorder, and mania. It causes serious problems, thus its early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are of paramount importance. PMID:23022845

  14. 49 CFR 663.39 - Post-delivery audit review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Post-delivery audit review. 663.39 Section 663.39..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PRE-AWARD AND POST-DELIVERY AUDITS OF ROLLING STOCK PURCHASES Post-Delivery Audits § 663.39 Post-delivery audit review. (a) If a recipient cannot complete a post-delivery...

  15. Post retention: the effect of sequence of post-space preparation, cementation time, and different sealers.

    PubMed

    Boone, K J; Murchison, D F; Schindler, W G; Walker, W A

    2001-12-01

    Many endodontic sealers contain constituents that have been shown to inhibit the polymerization of resin cements. This may be important when prefabricated posts are cemented at the same appointment as root canal obturation. This study evaluated the effects of cementing posts with a resin cement immediately or at a delayed time period after obturation using Roth's 801 Elite Grade or AH26 sealer cements. The contribution of mechanical post-space preparation was also assessed as a critical variable. One hundred twenty extracted canines were randomly divided into eight experimental groups. The variables evaluated were the order of post preparation (either before or after obturation), the type of sealer used, and the time of post cementation. All teeth received a stainless steel #6 Parapost XP cemented with a resin cement, Panavia 21. Each experimental group underwent tensile testing for retention using an Instron universal testing machine. For both sealers posts cemented in teeth in which the canal was obturated before post-space preparation and thus had sealer-contaminated dentin removed by the space preparation procedure had significantly higher retentive values than those obturated after post-space preparation in which contaminated dentin might remain. Sealer used and time of cementation had no specific effect on retention. Achieving a clean, "freshened" dentinal surface during mechanical post-space preparation seems to be a critical variable for post retention when a resin cement is used. PMID:11771587

  16. Post-operative pulmonary complications after thoracotomy

    PubMed Central

    Sengupta, Saikat

    2015-01-01

    Pulmonary complications are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the post-operative period after thoracotomy. The type of complications and the severity of complications depend on the type of thoracic surgery that has been performed as well as on the patient's pre-operative medical status. Risk stratification can help in predicting the possibility of the post-operative complications. Certain airway complications are more prone to develop with thoracic surgery. Vocal cord injuries, bronchopleural fistulae, pulmonary emboli and post-thoracic surgery non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema are some of the unique complications that occur in this subset of patients. The major pulmonary complications such as atelectasis, bronchospasm and pneumonia can lead to respiratory failure. This review was compiled after a search for search terms within ‘post-operative pulmonary complications after thoracic surgery and thoracotomy’ on search engines including PubMed and standard text references on the subject from 2000 to 2015. PMID:26556921

  17. 46 CFR 189.01-5 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... framed under glass or other transparent material and posted in a conspicuous place where it will be most likely to be observed. On other vessels such as barges, where the framing of the certificate under...

  18. 46 CFR 91.01-5 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... original certificate of inspection shall, in general, be framed under glass and posted in a conspicuous... vessels such as barges, where the framing of the certificate under glass would be impracticable,...

  19. 46 CFR 91.01-5 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... original certificate of inspection shall, in general, be framed under glass and posted in a conspicuous... vessels such as barges, where the framing of the certificate under glass would be impracticable,...

  20. 46 CFR 189.01-5 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... inspection shall, in general, be framed under glass or other transparent material and posted in a conspicuous place where it will be most likely to be observed. On other vessels such as barges, where the framing...

  1. 46 CFR 189.01-5 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... inspection shall, in general, be framed under glass or other transparent material and posted in a conspicuous place where it will be most likely to be observed. On other vessels such as barges, where the framing...

  2. Post-traumatic stress disorder in children

    PubMed Central

    KAMINER, DEBRA; SEEDAT, SORAYA; STEIN, DAN J.

    2005-01-01

    In the past ten years, there has been increasing recognition that children who have been exposed to traumatic events can, like traumaexposed adults, develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Practitioners therefore need to be able to recognise and treat post-traumatic stress reactions in children. However, the direct application of adult diagnostic criteria for PTSD can result in the misdiagnosis of post-traumatic stress reactions in children, while research has only recently begun to investigate the effectiveness of different treatments for children with PTSD. This article discusses issues regarding the assessment and diagnosis of post-traumatic stress reactions in children at different developmental stages, considers neurobiological, cognitive and other factors that are theorized to increase the risk of PTSD in trauma-exposed children, and evaluates current psychotherapeutic and pharmacotherapeutic treatments for childhood PTSD. The need for more systematic research on the management of PTSD in children is noted. PMID:16633528

  3. Apollo 13 Facts [Post Flight Press Conference

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    The Apollo 13 astronauts, James Lovell, Jr., John Swigert, Jr., and Fred Haise, Jr., are seen during this post flight press conference. They describe their mission and answer questions from the audience.

  4. Apollo 13 Facts [Post Mission Honorary Ceremony

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    The Apollo 13 astronauts, James Lovell, Jr., John Swigert, Jr., and Fred Haise, Jr., are seen during this post mission honorary ceremony, led by President Richard Nixon. Lovell is shown during an interview, answering questions about the mission.

  5. Post Recommendation in Social Web Site

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Long; Bross, Justus; Meinel, Christoph

    Web 2.0 applications attract more and more people to express their opinions on the Web in various ways. However, the explosively increasing information in social web sites requires an effective mechanism to timely filter and summarize social common interest, and the moderator needs this mechanism as well to recommend the proper posts and guide public discussions. In this paper, we discuss the problem of recommending post in online communities: we firstly cluster the posts in groups based on their semantic relations, then filter the potential clusters by computing the cluster’s support, and finally select the recommended posts as content representatives considering global and local support from each clusters. We compare different feature selections between tags, keywords and topics on cluster formation, and discuss their differences. The human judgement in our experiment shows that the recommendation based on marked tags is much more effective and concise than those on keywords and hidden topics.

  6. Cloverleaf Vibratory Microgyroscope with Integrated Post

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tang, Tony K.; Gutierrez, Roman; Roger, Damien

    2003-01-01

    A modified design and fabrication sequence has been devised to improve the performance of a cloverleaf vibratory microgyroscope that includes an axial rod or post rigidly attached to the center of the cloverleaf structure. The basic concepts of cloverleaf vibratory microgyroscopes, without and with rods or posts, were described in two prior articles in NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 21, No. 9 (September 1997): Micromachined Planar Vibratory Microgyroscopes (NPO-19713), page 68 and Planar Vibratory Microgyroscope: Alternative Configuration (NPO-19714), page 70. As described in more detail in the second-mentioned prior article, the cloverleaf-shaped structure and the rod or post are parts of a vibratory element that senses rotation via the effect of the Coriolis force upon its vibrations. Heretofore, the posts for devices of this type have been fabricated separately, then assembled manually onto the cloverleaf structures. The resulting imperfections in the assembled units have given rise to asymmetric stresses in the cloverleaf structures and, consequently, to changes in resonant frequencies of vibration and in shapes of vibration modes. These changes, in turn, have caused variations in performance among nominally identical devices. The modified design provides for the fabrication of the upper half of the post as an integral part of the cloverleaf structure; this is accomplished by reactive-ion etching of a single-piece half-post-and-cloverleaf structure from a wafer of silicon. The lower half of the post and a baseplate are also a single piece made by reactive-ion etching from a wafer of silicon. The two pieces are bonded together (see figure) by a thermal-compression metal-to-metal bonding technique to form a cloverleaf gyroscope with an integrated post structure..

  7. Unprofessional content posted online among nursing students.

    PubMed

    Marnocha, Suzanne; Marnocha, Mark R; Pilliow, Tiffany

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the posting of unprofessional content online among nursing students. Surveys of 293 schools of nursing revealed that 77% had encountered at least 1 incident of students posting such content. Respondents reported greatest concerns about content pertaining to educational and professional affiliations and to patient confidentiality. Most schools are developing responses to online unprofessionalism. Nursing education must stay current with social networking technologies and students' educational needs. PMID:25501656

  8. The next generation of command post computing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arnold, Ross D.; Lieb, Aaron J.; Samuel, Jason M.; Burger, Mitchell A.

    2015-05-01

    The future of command post computing demands an innovative new solution to address a variety of challenging operational needs. The Command Post of the Future is the Army's primary command and control decision support system, providing situational awareness and collaborative tools for tactical decision making, planning, and execution management from Corps to Company level. However, as the U.S. Army moves towards a lightweight, fully networked battalion, disconnected operations, thin client architecture and mobile computing become increasingly essential. The Command Post of the Future is not designed to support these challenges in the coming decade. Therefore, research into a hybrid blend of technologies is in progress to address these issues. This research focuses on a new command and control system utilizing the rich collaboration framework afforded by Command Post of the Future coupled with a new user interface consisting of a variety of innovative workspace designs. This new system is called Tactical Applications. This paper details a brief history of command post computing, presents the challenges facing the modern Army, and explores the concepts under consideration for Tactical Applications that meet these challenges in a variety of innovative ways.

  9. Geodesy: Modeling Earth's Post-Glacial Rebound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spada, Giorgio; Antonioli, Andrea; Boschi, Lapo; Brandi, Valter; Cianetti, Spina; Galvani, Gabriele; Giunchi, Carlo; Perniola, Bruna; Agostinetti, Nicola Piana; Piersanti, Antonio; Stocchi, Paolo

    2004-02-01

    Efforts to mathematically model the Earth's post-glacial rebound, or, in general, long-term planetary-scale viscoelastic deformations, have been ongoing for several decades. Unfortunately, research in the post-glacial rebound community has not been characterized by much exchange of knowledge. Groups around the world have developed their code independently, sometimes with profoundly different approaches, occasionally leading to inconsistent results [e.g., Boschi et al., 1999]. Postglacial Rebound Calculator (TABOO) is a post-glacial rebound software that is being made freely available (through Samizdat Press at http://samizdat.mines.edu/taboo/)in the hope that it might become a common reference for all post-glacial rebound researchers. TABOO is portable and has been tested on Unix, Linux, and Windows systems; all it requires is a Fortran90 compiler supporting quadruple precision. The software is easy to use. It comes with a detailed guide that can work as a quick reference cookbook, and it is also accompanied by a textbook, The Theory Behind TABOO, collecting the most significant theoretical results from post-glacial rebound literature. TABOO is not a ``black-box,'' although it may easily be used as such. The entire source code is provided and should be easy to understand for intermediate-level Fortran programmers.

  10. Photomechanical investigations on post endodontically rehabilitated teeth.

    PubMed

    Kishen, A; Asundi, A

    2002-04-01

    An investigation of the stress distribution patterns in post-core restored teeth and the behavior of dentin material to fracture propagation was conducted using experimental techniques such as digital photoelasticity (on photoelastic models), mechanical testing and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) (on extracted teeth). Digital photoelastic experiments showed that endodontic post-core restoration resulted in regions of high tensile stress and of stress concentrations in the remaining dentin structure. It was observed from mechanical testing that the fracture resistance in post-core restored teeth is significantly lower (p<0.0001) than that in intact tooth. There was a significant correspondence between the plane of stress concentrations identified in the photoelastic models and in those of the plane of fracture exhibited by the rehabilitated tooth specimens. While the fracture of post-core rehabilitated teeth was consistent, that of control teeth was not as distinct. The SEM highlighted varying dentin response to fracture propagation at the inner core and the outer regions. The fractographs showed brittle and ductile response to fracture propagation in the outer and inner core dentin, respectively. These photomechanical studies highlighted that the stress concentrations, high tensile stress and loss of inner ductile dentin associated with post endodontic rehabilitation diminished their resistance to fracture. PMID:11966313

  11. Post-insemination sexual selection in birds.

    PubMed

    Pizzari, Tommaso

    2007-01-01

    In many avian species females obtain sperm from multiple males during a single reproductive event, setting the scene for post-insemination sexual selection through the competition of the ejaculates of different males over fertilisation (sperm competition) and female biased utilisation of sperm (cryptic female choice). The use of poultry techniques in combination with molecular tools is catalysing an interest in birds as vertebrate model systems to study the mechanisms of post-insemination sexual selection. This chapter: (i) outlines the main mechanisms of avian sperm competition, (ii) introduces methodological approaches to study post-insemination sexual selection in birds, (iii) reviews recent evidence of multiple mechanisms of strategic sperm allocation by males, and (iv) discusses mechanisms of cryptic female choice. Post-insemination variance in paternity in birds, appears to be determined by the interactions between complex male and female strategies of differential sperm utilisation. It is argued that a better understanding of the operation of post-insemination sexual selection in birds may be achieved through a two-pronged approach which, on the one hand, investigates behavioural and physiological mechanisms applying poultry techniques and molecular tools to domestic model species, and on the other, verifies these mechanisms and tests their adaptive significance in more natural populations. PMID:17644959

  12. MRI biomarkers for post-traumatic epileptogenesis.

    TOXLINE Toxicology Bibliographic Information

    Immonen R; Kharatishvili I; Gröhn O; Pitkänen A

    2013-07-15

    The present study tested a hypothesis that early identification of injury severity with quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides biomarkers for predicting increased seizure susceptibility and epileptogenesis after traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI was induced by lateral fluid percussion injury (FPI) in adult rats. Quantitative T2, T1ρ, and diffusion were assessed with MRI at 9 days, 23 days, or 2 months post-TBI in the perilesional cortex, thalamus, and hippocampus. Seizure susceptibility was assessed at 12 months after TBI using the pentylenetetrazol seizure-susceptibility test. At 9 and 23 days post-TBI, a change in T1ρ of the perilesional cortex showed the greatest predictive value for increased seizure susceptibility at 12 months post-TBI [area under the curve (AUC), 0.929 and 0.952, respectively; p<0.01]. At 2 months post-TBI, Dav in the thalamus was the best of the biomarkers analyzed (AUC, 0.988; p<0.05). The highest predictive value of all biomarkers was achieved by combining the measurement of Dav in the perilesional cortex and the thalamus at 2 months post-TBI (AUC, 1.000; p<0.01). Our results provide proof-of-concept evidence that clinically relevant MRI biomarkers predict increased seizure susceptibility after experimental TBI.

  13. MRI Biomarkers for Post-Traumatic Epileptogenesis

    PubMed Central

    Immonen, Riikka; Kharatishvili, Irina; Gröhn, Olli

    2013-01-01

    Abstract The present study tested a hypothesis that early identification of injury severity with quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides biomarkers for predicting increased seizure susceptibility and epileptogenesis after traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI was induced by lateral fluid percussion injury (FPI) in adult rats. Quantitative T2, T1ρ, and diffusion were assessed with MRI at 9 days, 23 days, or 2 months post-TBI in the perilesional cortex, thalamus, and hippocampus. Seizure susceptibility was assessed at 12 months after TBI using the pentylenetetrazol seizure-susceptibility test. At 9 and 23 days post-TBI, a change in T1ρ of the perilesional cortex showed the greatest predictive value for increased seizure susceptibility at 12 months post-TBI [area under the curve (AUC), 0.929 and 0.952, respectively; p<0.01]. At 2 months post-TBI, Dav in the thalamus was the best of the biomarkers analyzed (AUC, 0.988; p<0.05). The highest predictive value of all biomarkers was achieved by combining the measurement of Dav in the perilesional cortex and the thalamus at 2 months post-TBI (AUC, 1.000; p<0.01). Our results provide proof-of-concept evidence that clinically relevant MRI biomarkers predict increased seizure susceptibility after experimental TBI. PMID:23469770

  14. MRI biomarkers for post-traumatic epileptogenesis.

    PubMed

    Immonen, Riikka; Kharatishvili, Irina; Gröhn, Olli; Pitkänen, Asla

    2013-07-15

    The present study tested a hypothesis that early identification of injury severity with quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides biomarkers for predicting increased seizure susceptibility and epileptogenesis after traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI was induced by lateral fluid percussion injury (FPI) in adult rats. Quantitative T2, T1ρ, and diffusion were assessed with MRI at 9 days, 23 days, or 2 months post-TBI in the perilesional cortex, thalamus, and hippocampus. Seizure susceptibility was assessed at 12 months after TBI using the pentylenetetrazol seizure-susceptibility test. At 9 and 23 days post-TBI, a change in T1ρ of the perilesional cortex showed the greatest predictive value for increased seizure susceptibility at 12 months post-TBI [area under the curve (AUC), 0.929 and 0.952, respectively; p<0.01]. At 2 months post-TBI, Dav in the thalamus was the best of the biomarkers analyzed (AUC, 0.988; p<0.05). The highest predictive value of all biomarkers was achieved by combining the measurement of Dav in the perilesional cortex and the thalamus at 2 months post-TBI (AUC, 1.000; p<0.01). Our results provide proof-of-concept evidence that clinically relevant MRI biomarkers predict increased seizure susceptibility after experimental TBI. PMID:23469770

  15. Post-LASIK Tear Dysfunction and Dysesthesia

    PubMed Central

    NETTUNE, GREGORY R.; PFLUGFELDER, STEPHEN C.

    2013-01-01

    Symptoms of tear dysfunction after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) occur in nearly all patients and resolve in the vast majority. Although dry eye complaints are a leading cause of patient discomfort and dissatisfaction after LASIK, the symptoms are not uniform, and the disease is not a single entity. Post-LASIK tear dysfunction syndrome or dry eye is a term used to describe a spectrum of disease encompassing transient or persistent post-operative neurotrophic disease, tear instability, true aqueous tear deficiency, and neuropathic pain states. Neural changes in the cornea and neuropathic causes of ocular surface discomfort may play a separate or synergistic role in the development of symptoms in some patients. Most cases of early post-operative dry eye symptoms resolve with appropriate management, which includes optimizing ocular surface health before and after surgery. Severe symptoms or symptoms persisting after 9 months rarely respond satisfactorily to traditional treatment modalities and require aggressive management. This review covers current theories of post-LASIK dry eye disease, pathophysiology, risk factors, and management options for this disease spectrum of post-LASIK tear dysfunction and neuropathic pain. PMID:20712970

  16. Post Concussive and Post Traumatic Stress Disorders: Two Mutually Exclusive Syndromes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sbordone, Robert J.

    Much confusion exists between post-concussive syndrome (PCS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study evaluates the symptoms of both disorders, with the goal of illustrating their unique characteristics. A clinical neuropsychologist interviewed 41 males and 29 females who had previously received the diagnosis of PCS or PTSD. Each…

  17. Adolf Hitler had post-encephalitic Parkinsonism.

    PubMed

    Lieberman, A

    1996-04-01

    Adolf Hitler had Parkinson symptoms in 1934, at age 45 years. He may have had transient symptoms in 1923, at age 34 years. Young-onset parkinsonism, during the 1920s, favored a diagnosis of post-encephalitic rather than idiopathic parkinsonism. Hitler had oculogyric crises, phenomena only associated with post-encephalitic parkinsonism. In addition, he had dystonic facial spasms, palilalia and a sleep disorder, phenomena more likely to be associated with post-encephalitic than idiopathic parkinsonism. In November 1918, at age 29 years, Hitler may have had von Economo's encephalitis, while he was a patient in a hospital, recovering from poison gas. This paper looks at the possible relationship of von Economo's encephalitis to Hitler's asocial behavior; his obsessions and compulsions, his cruelty and rages. The influence of Hitler's parkinsonism on his conduct during World War II is discussed. PMID:18591024

  18. TRIMPWR: A post processor for TRIMHX

    SciTech Connect

    Trumble, E.F.

    1989-11-01

    The TRIMPWR code has been developed as a post processor for TRIMHX (transient 3D diffusion code) in support of the reactor limits program. TRIMPWR is designed to produce JOSHUA files containing: core power as a function of time, assembly power by hex as a function of time, assembly power post peaking as a function of time, and axial power shapes for each assembly as a function of time (formatted for use by the FLOWTRAN code) from the output of a TRIMHX run. In an attempt to simplify the reactor limits process by reducing the number of assemblies which must be run through FLOWTRAN, TRIMPWR also sorts the assemblies by the product of the power post peaking and the maximum normalized axial power density for each assembly. This follows from the assumption that those assemblies having the maximum value of this product will have the most restrictive limits.

  19. Post endodontic Aspergillosis in an immunocompetent individual

    PubMed Central

    Urs, Aadithya B.; Nunia, Kalpana; Mohanty, Sujata; Gupta, Shalini

    2015-01-01

    Non-invasive aspergillosis in immunocompetent individuals subsequent to post endodontic treatment can involve the maxillary antrum. An early and accurate diagnosis will aid in prompt and effective treatment. A 35 year old female patient reported with a painful nasomaxillary swelling. Previous records revealed the failure of the endodontic treatment of maxillary left second premolar which was subsequently extracted. Root piece was accidently left behind which resulted in a painful nasomaxillary swelling. The extraction socket was curetted and tissue was sent for histopathological examination, which revealed abundant septate fungal hyphae with numerous spores characteristic of Aspergillus. The patient showed marked improvement in the symptoms with systemic itraconazole at 3 months follow up and complete resolution occurred within 6 months. Inclusion of aspergilloma infections in the differential diagnosis is advocated when patients present with post-endodontic nasomaxillary swelling. Key words:Aspergillosis, fungal sinusitis, post root canal treatment. PMID:26535103

  20. Dusty post-red giant branch stars (post-RGB) stars in the Magellanic Clouds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamath, D.

    2015-12-01

    In our recent search for post-AGB stars in the Magellanic Clouds, we discovered a new class of low-luminosity, low-metallicity, dusty, evolved objects. These objects have dust excesses, stellar parameters and spectral energy distributions similar to those of dusty post-Asymptotic Giant Branch (post-AGB) stars. However, they have lower luminosities and hence smaller masses. We suggest that they have evolved off the Red Giant Branch (RGB) instead of the AGB as a result of binary interaction. Galactic counterparts are not known due to the poorly constrained distances of dusty post-AGB-like objects in the Galaxy. Here, we present the first observational evidence these new dusty, low-luminosity "post-RGB" objects and we aim to place these objects in an evolutionary context.

  1. Non-linear Post Processing Image Enhancement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hunt, Shawn; Lopez, Alex; Torres, Angel

    1997-01-01

    A non-linear filter for image post processing based on the feedforward Neural Network topology is presented. This study was undertaken to investigate the usefulness of "smart" filters in image post processing. The filter has shown to be useful in recovering high frequencies, such as those lost during the JPEG compression-decompression process. The filtered images have a higher signal to noise ratio, and a higher perceived image quality. Simulation studies comparing the proposed filter with the optimum mean square non-linear filter, showing examples of the high frequency recovery, and the statistical properties of the filter are given,

  2. Generator stator core vent duct spacer posts

    DOEpatents

    Griffith, John Wesley; Tong, Wei

    2003-06-24

    Generator stator cores are constructed by stacking many layers of magnetic laminations. Ventilation ducts may be inserted between these layers by inserting spacers into the core stack. The ventilation ducts allow for the passage of cooling gas through the core during operation. The spacers or spacer posts are positioned between groups of the magnetic laminations to define the ventilation ducts. The spacer posts are secured with longitudinal axes thereof substantially parallel to the core axis. With this structure, core tightness can be assured while maximizing ventilation duct cross section for gas flow and minimizing magnetic loss in the spacers.

  3. Chemical scavenging of post-consumed clothes.

    PubMed

    Barot, Amit A; Sinha, Vijay Kumar

    2015-12-01

    Aiming toward the rectification of fiber grade PET waste accumulation as well as recycling and providing a technically viable route leading to preservation of the natural resources and environment, the post consumed polyester clothes were chemically recycled. Post consumed polyester clothes were recycled into bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET) monomer in the presence of ethylene glycol as depolymerising agent and zinc acetate as catalyst. Depolymerized product was characterized by chemical as well as analytical techniques. The fiber grade PET was eventually converted into BHET monomer with nearly 90% yield by employing 1% catalyst concentration and at optimum temperature of 180°C without mechanical input of stirring condition. PMID:26383902

  4. Post-combustion reactions and modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Story, Scott R.

    Owing to the presence of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen in many iron and steelmaking processes, vast quantities of combustible gases rich in CO along with Hsb2 are often created. To take advantage this potential chemical energy, extra amounts of oxygen may be supplied to the process in order to combust these species, through a practice known as post combustion. Effective post combustion is important in many steelmaking processes. Post combustion is strongly affected by fluid flow. However, in the presence of carbon and iron at high temperatures reactions known as "de-postcombustion" occur where carbon or Fe is oxidised. These reactions depend on kinetics and fluid flow. To address the lack of information at high temperature, the kinetics of carbon oxidation by COsb2 and Hsb2O has been studied at temperatures between 1300sp C and 1500sp C. At 1500sp C, the graphite-Hsb2O reaction was found to occur at a similar rate to the graphite-COsb2 reaction. The overriding importance of internal pore structure was demonstrated in the results, particularly as it develops in the reacted layer during the course of the reaction. Such changes are believed to be responsible for the continuous rate increase observed in non-porous glassy carbon and the consistently higher rates measured in graphite than in coke at high temperatures. The results of this work have also been used to clarify the role of the gas-carbon reaction in the kinetics of FeO reduction in bath smelting slags by solid carbon. Under high stirring conditions in the slag it has been found that the gas-carbon reaction may play a significant role, particularly when coke is the carbonaceous material. The second component of this study was directed toward understanding the effect of fluid flow on post combustion in the electric arc furnace (EAF). In particular the objective was to determine if computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can be a useful tool for optimising post combustion. The post combustion degree (PCD) was found to be affected by three main factors, namely the rate of de-postcombustion at the surface, the efficiency of combustion in the lance jet and the degree of recirculation of gases in the furnace. Owing to assumptions made in the de-postcombustion model, the lance flowrate had little effect on the predicted values of PCD. This finding revealed the need to better characterise the relationship between jet momentum and de-postcombustion efficiency. Low combustion efficiencies will adversely affect post combustion efficiency. Increased recirculation of gases in the furnace was also found to reduce the post combustion degree. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  5. Hanford site post NPH building inspection plan

    SciTech Connect

    Wagenblast, G.R., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-09-12

    This plan establishes consistent post-NPH building inspection procedures and defines a procedure for prioritization of buildings for inspection to ensure the safety of facilities prior to reentry. Qualification of systems for restart of operation is not included. This plan takes advantage, where possible, of existing national procedures for post-NPH inspection of buildings, of existing structural design and evaluation documentation of Hanford facilities, and current and proposed seismic instrumentation located throughout the Hanford site. A list of buildings, prioritized according to current building safety function and building vulnerability (without regard for or information about a damaging natural forces event) is provided.

  6. 40 CFR 258.61 - Post-closure care requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Post-closure care requirements. 258.61... FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLS Closure and Post-Closure Care § 258.61 Post-closure care requirements. (a) Following closure of each MSWLF unit, the owner or operator must conduct post-closure...

  7. 40 CFR 258.61 - Post-closure care requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Post-closure care requirements. 258.61... FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLS Closure and Post-Closure Care § 258.61 Post-closure care requirements. (a) Following closure of each MSWLF unit, the owner or operator must conduct post-closure...

  8. Influence of prefabricated post dimensions on restored maxillary central incisors.

    PubMed

    Rodrguez-Cervantes, P J; Sancho-Bru, J L; Barjau-Escribano, A; Forner-Navarro, L; Prez-Gonzlez, A; Snchez-Marn, F T

    2007-02-01

    The aim of this study was to test the following hypothesis: biomechanical performance (fracture strength and stress distribution) of restored teeth is less sensitive to post diameter and post length when using glass fibre posts than when using stainless steel posts. First, an experimental fracture strength test was performed on 80 extracted human maxillary central incisors. Teeth were decoronated, treated endodontically and restored (40 with glass fibre posts and 40 with stainless steel posts), and the length and diameter of the posts varied uniformly. Failure loads were recorded and results were compared using an ancova analysis. Secondly, the finite element technique was used to develop a model of the restored tooth. The post diameter had a significant effect on the biomechanical performance of teeth restored with stainless steel posts. Lower failure loads were found as post diameter increased. However, the post diameter of those teeth restored with glass fibre posts, and the post length for both post systems under consideration, did not affect the biomechanical performance of restored teeth to a significant degree. The stress distributions predicted by the developed model corroborated these findings, confirmed the assumed hypothesis, and permitted the proposal of the use of glass fibre posts to achieve a restorative technique that is less sensitive to post dimensions, and thus more robust. PMID:17244237

  9. 12 CFR 380.25 - Post-insolvency interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... ORDERLY LIQUIDATION AUTHORITY Priorities 380.25 Post-insolvency interest. (a) Date of accrual. Post-insolvency interest shall be paid at the post-insolvency interest rate calculated on the principal amount of... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Post-insolvency interest. 380.25 Section...

  10. 12 CFR 380.25 - Post-insolvency interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... ORDERLY LIQUIDATION AUTHORITY Priorities 380.25 Post-insolvency interest. (a) Date of accrual. Post-insolvency interest shall be paid at the post-insolvency interest rate calculated on the principal amount of... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Post-insolvency interest. 380.25 Section...

  11. 12 CFR 380.25 - Post-insolvency interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... ORDERLY LIQUIDATION AUTHORITY Priorities 380.25 Post-insolvency interest. (a) Date of accrual. Post-insolvency interest shall be paid at the post-insolvency interest rate calculated on the principal amount of... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Post-insolvency interest. 380.25 Section...

  12. 5 CFR 2423.25 - Post complaint, prehearing settlements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Post complaint, prehearing settlements... Post Complaint, Prehearing Procedures § 2423.25 Post complaint, prehearing settlements. (a) Informal and formal settlements. Post complaint settlements may be either informal or formal. (1)...

  13. 5 CFR 2423.25 - Post complaint, prehearing settlements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Post complaint, prehearing settlements... Post Complaint, Prehearing Procedures § 2423.25 Post complaint, prehearing settlements. (a) Informal and formal settlements. Post complaint settlements may be either informal or formal. (1)...

  14. 5 CFR 2423.25 - Post complaint, prehearing settlements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Post complaint, prehearing settlements... Post Complaint, Prehearing Procedures § 2423.25 Post complaint, prehearing settlements. (a) Informal and formal settlements. Post complaint settlements may be either informal or formal. (1)...

  15. 5 CFR 2423.25 - Post complaint, prehearing settlements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Post complaint, prehearing settlements... Post Complaint, Prehearing Procedures § 2423.25 Post complaint, prehearing settlements. (a) Informal and formal settlements. Post complaint settlements may be either informal or formal. (1)...

  16. 5 CFR 2423.25 - Post complaint, prehearing settlements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Post complaint, prehearing settlements... Post Complaint, Prehearing Procedures § 2423.25 Post complaint, prehearing settlements. (a) Informal and formal settlements. Post complaint settlements may be either informal or formal. (1)...

  17. 49 CFR 663.31 - Post-delivery audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Post-delivery audit requirements. 663.31 Section... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PRE-AWARD AND POST-DELIVERY AUDITS OF ROLLING STOCK PURCHASES Post-Delivery Audits § 663.31 Post-delivery audit requirements. A recipient purchasing revenue service...

  18. Split-resonator integrated-post MEMS gyroscope

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bae, Youngsam (Inventor); Hayworth, Ken J. (Inventor); Shcheglov, Kirill V. (Inventor)

    2004-01-01

    A split-resonator integrated-post vibratory microgyroscope may be fabricated using micro electrical mechanical systems (MEMS) fabrication techniques. The microgyroscope may include two gyroscope sections bonded together, each gyroscope section including resonator petals, electrodes, and an integrated half post. The half posts are aligned and bonded to act as a single post.

  19. Third LDEF Post-Retrieval Symposium Abstracts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Levine, Arlene S. (Compiler)

    1993-01-01

    This volume is a compilation of abstracts submitted to the Third Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) Post-Retrieval Symposium. The abstracts represent the data analysis of the 57 experiments flown on the LDEF. The experiments include materials, coatings, thermal systems, power and propulsion, science (cosmic ray, interstellar gas, heavy ions, micrometeoroid, etc.), electronics, optics, and life science.

  20. Reviewing post-publication peer review.

    PubMed

    Knoepfler, Paul

    2015-05-01

    Post-publication peer review (PPPR) is transforming how the life sciences community evaluates published manuscripts and data. Unsurprisingly, however, PPPR is experiencing growing pains, and some elements of the process distinct from standard pre-publication review remain controversial. I discuss the rapid evolution of PPPR, its impact, and the challenges associated with it. PMID:25851694

  1. SMAP Post-launch Field Campaign Planning

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The SMAP post-launch Cal/Val activities are intended both to assess the quality of the mission products and to support analyses that lead to their improvement. A suite of complementary methodologies will be employed that will result in a robust global assessment. Much of the work will occur in the C...

  2. Post-development image intensification by autoradiography

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Askins, B. S.; Craven, P. D.; Odell, C. R.

    1979-01-01

    A method of post-development intensification of photographic images using a newly developed autoradiographic procedure is described. Radioactive Thiourea-S35 is combined with silver in the developed emulsion, which is then contact printed with a receiver emulsion. The beta decay from S35 produces an enhanced autoradiographic image. The laboratory technique is described and results of astronomical applications are presented.

  3. 76 FR 61760 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ...: Notice. SUMMARY: This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Breaks, Virginia... received a petition for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the Breaks post office in Breaks, Virginia. The petition was filed by Keith Mullins (Petitioner) and is postmarked September...

  4. Foundations for a Post-Modern Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doll, William E., Jr.

    This paper suggests that present-day curriculum, based on Newtonian thought, has been rendered obsolete by the holistic and interactive "post-modern" world view based on quantum physics, nonlinear mathematics, general systems theory, and Ilya Prigogine's nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The Newtonian world view, which is linear and reductionist, is…

  5. 10 CFR 73.75 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Posting. 73.75 Section 73.75 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... conversion, or nuclear fuel fabrication facilities. (b)(1) Licensees or certificate holders operating... compliance issued by the Commission, are also covered by U.S. Department of Energy regulations...

  6. 10 CFR 73.75 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Posting. 73.75 Section 73.75 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... conversion, or nuclear fuel fabrication facilities. (b)(1) Licensees or certificate holders operating... compliance issued by the Commission, are also covered by U.S. Department of Energy regulations...

  7. 10 CFR 73.75 - Posting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Posting. 73.75 Section 73.75 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... conversion, or nuclear fuel fabrication facilities. (b)(1) Licensees or certificate holders operating... compliance issued by the Commission, are also covered by U.S. Department of Energy regulations...

  8. The Post 9/11 English Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    English Journal, 2005

    2005-01-01

    An English teacher offers his thoughts on what they could learn about their role in the post 9/11-world and suggests reflecting on the events of the incident as professionals. The 9/11 Commission Report defines an important role for education and recommends US funding to improve public education, vocational education, and halving adult illiteracy…

  9. Post-Secondary Expectations and Educational Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sciarra, Daniel T.; Ambrosino, Katherine E.

    2011-01-01

    This study utilized student, teacher, and parent expectations during high school to analyze their predictive effect on post-secondary education status two years after scheduled graduation. The sample included 5,353 students, parents and teachers who participated in the Educational Longitudinal Study (ELS; 2002-2006). The researchers analyzed data…

  10. Post stapedotomy aviation: A changing scenario.

    PubMed

    Rajguru, Renu

    2014-01-01

    Aeromedical implications of stapedotomy like rapid barometric changes and G forces are generally thought to put an end to the aviation career of an aviator. Aviation industry has grown tremendously in the last few decades, and aviation now is not only occupational but also recreational. The Indian Military Aviation rules state that, "Stapedectomy cases will be assessed permanently unfit for flying duties. These cases will be cautioned against flying in an unpressurised aircraft." The basis of this is the aeromedical concerns associated with stapedotomy as clinical conditions which are of minor significance on the ground may become aggravated in the air. With an ever expanding civil and military aviation industry, the number of aviators who have undergone stapedotomy has also increased. Though grounding the aircrew is the safest option, but if medical certification is denied to all, then the majority who can fly safely will also be excluded, thus denying the organization of its trained resources. This paper discusses post otosclerosis and post stapedotomy aeromedical concerns, reviews existing literature concerning post stapedotomy aviation and various post stapedotomy aviation policies. PMID:25598613

  11. Microgyroscope with Vibrating Post as Rotation Transducer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tang, Tony K.; Gutierrez, Roman

    2003-01-01

    The figure depicts a micromachined silicon vibratory gyroscope that senses rotation about its z axis. The rotation-sensitive vibratory element is a post oriented (when at equilibrium) along the z axis and suspended at its base by thin, flexible silicon bands oriented along the x and y axes, respectively. Unlike in the vibratory microgyroscopes described in the immediately preceding article ["Cloverleaf Vibratory Microgyroscope With Integrated Post" (NPO-20688)] and other previous articles in NASA Tech Briefs, the rotation-sensitive vibratory element does not include a cloverleaf-shaped structure that lies (when at equilibrium) in the x-y plane. As in the cases of the previously reported vibratory microgyroscopes, vibrations of the rotation-sensitive vibratory element are excited electrostatically, the vibrations are measured by use of capacitive proximity sensors, and the rate of rotation along the axis of sensitivity is deduced from the effect of the Coriolis force upon the vibrations. To create electrodes for electrostatic excitation and capacitive sensing of vibrations, portions of the facing surfaces of the post and of the four stationary members that surround the post are rendered electrically conductive; this can be accomplished by either depositing metal films or else doping the silicon in the affected areas.

  12. Pallid Sturgeon 3 Days Post Hatch

    Pallid sturgeon free embryos preserved at 3 days post hatch.  Free embryos at this stage have only a rudimentary mouth, their pectoral fins are only beginning to develop, and they rely on a large yolk sac for food. ...

  13. Lake Sturgeon 3 Days Post Hatch

    Lake sturgeon free embryos at 3 days post hatch.  Free embryos at this stage have only a rudimentary mouth, their pectoral fins are only beginning to develop, and they rely on a large yolk sac for food. ...

  14. Language Situation in Post-War Sudan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siddiek, Ahmed Gumaa

    2010-01-01

    The theme behind this paper is to review the language policy and language planning in the Sudan, after the institutionalization of peace; by exploring the recent policy of political factions in the North and the South towards languages in post-war Sudan. This effort aims at encouraging non-Arabic speaking-ethnic-groups to accept the Arabic…

  15. 77 FR 1960 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Shaftsburg, Michigan post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  16. 77 FR 1959 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Parlin, Colorado post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  17. 76 FR 56822 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Gepp, Arkansas post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  18. 76 FR 52720 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-23

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Francitas, Texas post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  19. 76 FR 46331 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-02

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Bigelow, Arkansas post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  20. 76 FR 62464 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Auburn, West Virginia post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  1. 77 FR 1958 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Jonesville, Texas post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  2. 76 FR 64978 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Rhodell, West Virginia post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  3. 76 FR 47274 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Innis, Louisiana post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  4. 76 FR 69773 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Beech Grove, Kentucky post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  5. 76 FR 62460 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the La Grande, Washington post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  6. 76 FR 62461 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Oak Hill, Alabama post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  7. 76 FR 63678 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Lorraine, New York post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  8. 76 FR 62466 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Mallory, New York post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  9. 76 FR 69771 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Kettlersville, Ohio post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  10. 76 FR 45625 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-29

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Rodney, Iowa post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  11. 76 FR 46334 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-02

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Chillicothe, Iowa post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  12. 77 FR 823 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-06

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Plover, Iowa post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  13. 76 FR 62462 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the West Leyden, New York post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  14. 76 FR 46333 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-02

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the East Camden Branch, Arkansas post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  15. 76 FR 64979 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Humbird, Wisconsin post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  16. 76 FR 62468 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Ingleside, Maryland post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  17. 77 FR 1963 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Cardwell, Montana post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  18. 77 FR 2099 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-13

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Hope, Minnesota post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  19. 76 FR 69770 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Boles, Arkansas post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  20. 76 FR 46332 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-02

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Minneapolis, North Carolina post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  1. 76 FR 62463 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Carolina, West Virginia post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  2. 76 FR 53159 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-25

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Ida, Arkansas post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  3. 76 FR 45882 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-01

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Goodwin, Arkansas post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  4. 76 FR 45624 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-29

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Hamilton, Iowa post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  5. Adolescent Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yule, William

    2003-01-01

    Based on over a decade of work in the area of PTSD, including a longitudinal study of PTSD among adolescents, Dr. Yule provides an introduction to post-traumatic stress disorder as it occurs in youth. This includes a look at the manifestations of stress reactions, the incidence and prevalence of PTSD, and the relationship between levels of

  6. Post stapedotomy aviation: A changing scenario

    PubMed Central

    Rajguru, Renu

    2014-01-01

    Aeromedical implications of stapedotomy like rapid barometric changes and G forces are generally thought to put an end to the aviation career of an aviator. Aviation industry has grown tremendously in the last few decades, and aviation now is not only occupational but also recreational. The Indian Military Aviation rules state that, “Stapedectomy cases will be assessed permanently unfit for flying duties. These cases will be cautioned against flying in an unpressurised aircraft.” The basis of this is the aeromedical concerns associated with stapedotomy as clinical conditions which are of minor significance on the ground may become aggravated in the air. With an ever expanding civil and military aviation industry, the number of aviators who have undergone stapedotomy has also increased. Though grounding the aircrew is the safest option, but if medical certification is denied to all, then the majority who can fly safely will also be excluded, thus denying the organization of its trained resources. This paper discusses post otosclerosis and post stapedotomy aeromedical concerns, reviews existing literature concerning post stapedotomy aviation and various post stapedotomy aviation policies. PMID:25598613

  7. 78 FR 32629 - Post Allowance and Refiling

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ... (plant patent, no (large entity) 1,400.00. publication fee) (PTOL-85B). (small entity) 700.00. (micro entity) 350.00. Issue Fee (plant patent, with 300 (large entity) 1,700.00. publication fee) (PTOL-85B... United States Patent and Trademark Office Post Allowance and Refiling ACTION: Proposed...

  8. Duration of Hospitalization and Post Discharge Suicide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Ting-Pong

    2006-01-01

    A retrospective cohort of discharged patients from all public psychiatric hospitals in Hong Kong (1997-1999) was linked to suicide data from Coroner's court. Patients hospitalized shorter than 15 days had significantly lower suicide rates than longer stay patients. The results were fairly consistent across immediate/late post discharge periods,…

  9. Post Separation Adjustment and Women's Liberation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worthington, Elliot R.

    The interaction between post separation adjustment for reunited military families and the Women's Liberation Movement is a complex occurrence which is beginning to have a profound effect on some military families. Two forces are acting upon wives of servicemen that subject marriages to conflicts previously unheard of. One force is the critical…

  10. 77 FR 1090 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-09

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Odin, Minnesota post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  11. Reviewing post-publication peer review

    PubMed Central

    Knoepfler, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Post-publication peer review (PPPR) is transforming how the life sciences community evaluates published manuscripts and data. Unsurprisingly, however, PPPR is experiencing growing pains, and some elements of the process distinct from standard pre-publication review remain controversial. I discuss the rapid evolution of PPPR, its impact, and the challenges associated with it. PMID:25851694

  12. Video segmentation for post-production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wills, Ciaran

    2001-12-01

    Specialist post-production is an industry that has much to gain from the application of content-based video analysis techniques. However the types of material handled in specialist post-production, such as television commercials, pop music videos and special effects are quite different in nature from the typical broadcast material which many video analysis techniques are designed to work with; shots are short and highly dynamic, and the transitions are often novel or ambiguous. We address the problem of scene change detection and develop a new algorithm which tackles some of the common aspects of post-production material that cause difficulties for past algorithms, such as illumination changes and jump cuts. Operating in the compressed domain on Motion JPEG compressed video, our algorithm detects cuts and fades by analyzing each JPEG macroblock in the context of its temporal and spatial neighbors. Analyzing the DCT coefficients directly we can extract the mean color of a block and an approximate detail level. We can also perform an approximated cross-correlation between two blocks. The algorithm is part of a set of tools being developed to work with an automated asset management system designed specifically for use in post-production facilities.

  13. Post-Secondary Students' Purposes for Blogging

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leslie, Paul; Murphy, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    The goal of the study was to explore post-secondary students' purposes for blogging with particular attention to the social and instructional purposes. The sample of blogs came from an all-women's college in the United Arab Emirates. Content analysis was conducted on eight blogs using previously tested instruments to identify social presence and…

  14. Learning Systems in Post-Statutory Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Catherall, Paul

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the broad scope of systemised learning (e-learning) in post-statutory education. Issues for discussion include the origins and forms of learning systems, including technical and educational concepts and approaches, such as distributed and collaborative learning. The VLE (Virtual Learning Environment) is defined as the

  15. Post-natal imprinting: evidence from marsupials

    PubMed Central

    Stringer, J M; Pask, A J; Shaw, G; Renfree, M B

    2014-01-01

    Genomic imprinting has been identified in therian (eutherian and marsupial) mammals but not in prototherian (monotreme) mammals. Imprinting has an important role in optimising pre-natal nutrition and growth, and most imprinted genes are expressed and imprinted in the placenta and developing fetus. In marsupials, however, the placental attachment is short-lived, and most growth and development occurs post-natally, supported by a changing milk composition tailor-made for each stage of development. Therefore there is a much greater demand on marsupial females during post-natal lactation than during pre-natal placentation, so there may be greater selection for genomic imprinting in the mammary gland than in the short-lived placenta. Recent studies in the tammar wallaby confirm the presence of genomic imprinting in nutrient-regulatory genes in the adult mammary gland. This suggests that imprinting may influence infant post-natal growth via the mammary gland as it does pre-natally via the placenta. Similarly, an increasing number of imprinted genes have been implicated in regulating feeding and nurturing behaviour in both the adult and the developing neonate/offspring in mice. Together these studies provide evidence that genomic imprinting is critical for regulating growth and subsequently the survival of offspring not only pre-natally but also post-natally. PMID:24595366

  16. Adolescent Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yule, William

    2003-01-01

    Based on over a decade of work in the area of PTSD, including a longitudinal study of PTSD among adolescents, Dr. Yule provides an introduction to post-traumatic stress disorder as it occurs in youth. This includes a look at the manifestations of stress reactions, the incidence and prevalence of PTSD, and the relationship between levels of…

  17. Foundations for a Post-Modern Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doll, William E., Jr.

    This paper suggests that present-day curriculum, based on Newtonian thought, has been rendered obsolete by the holistic and interactive "post-modern" world view based on quantum physics, nonlinear mathematics, general systems theory, and Ilya Prigogine's nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The Newtonian world view, which is linear and reductionist, is

  18. 77 FR 1091 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-09

    ...This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Alvord, Iowa post office has been filed. It identifies preliminary steps and provides a procedural schedule. Publication of this document will allow the Postal Service, petitioners, and others to take appropriate...

  19. 76 FR 67000 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-28

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Jenkinjones, West Virginia post office has been... to electronic filing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen L. Sharfman, General Counsel, at (202... office in Jenkinjones, West Virginia. The petition for review was filed by Mrs. Thomas Vinyard,...

  20. 76 FR 75916 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-05

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Prince, West Virginia post office has been filed... electronic filing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen L. Sharfman, General Counsel, at (202) 789-6820... Prince, West Virginia. The petition for review was filed by Charles Armentrout (Petitioner) and...

  1. 76 FR 62097 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-06

    ... informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the West Stockholm, New York post office has been... electronic filing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen L. Sharfman, General Counsel, at 202-789-6820... received a petition for review of the Postal Service's determination to close the West Stockholm...

  2. Organizational Productivity in Post-Industrial Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, Dick

    1978-01-01

    The term "post-industrial society" denotes the fact that more than half of a society's economy is devoted to service rather than to the production of goods. Discusses prospects for increasing productivity in service organizations and argues that irrational elements are built into service organizations as a consequence of the nature of the support

  3. Learning Systems in Post-Statutory Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Catherall, Paul

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the broad scope of systemised learning (e-learning) in post-statutory education. Issues for discussion include the origins and forms of learning systems, including technical and educational concepts and approaches, such as distributed and collaborative learning. The VLE (Virtual Learning Environment) is defined as the…

  4. 42 CFR 124.604 - Posted notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT... room. (b) If in the service area of the facility the “usual language of households” of ten percent or... other than English or Spanish, the facility shall translate the notice into that language and post...

  5. Iron incorporation and post-malaria anaemia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Iron supplementation is employed to treat post-malarial anaemia in environments where iron deficiency is common. Malaria induces an intense inflammatory reaction that stalls reticulo-endothelial macrophagal iron recycling from haemolysed red blood cells and inhibits oral iron absorption, but the mag...

  6. Normal Waves in a Metachiral Post Medium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fisanov, V. V.

    2016-01-01

    Normal electromagnetic waves (Beltrami wave fields) in a metachiral medium with constitutive equations in the Post form are investigated. The chirality parameter, and the permittivity and permeability are arbitrary real quantities. Expressions for the wave numbers and wave impedance of propagating, and also evanescent, plane waves are derived. Three regimes of the existence of a pair of forward and backward waves are identified.

  7. Post-natal imprinting: evidence from marsupials.

    PubMed

    Stringer, J M; Pask, A J; Shaw, G; Renfree, M B

    2014-08-01

    Genomic imprinting has been identified in therian (eutherian and marsupial) mammals but not in prototherian (monotreme) mammals. Imprinting has an important role in optimising pre-natal nutrition and growth, and most imprinted genes are expressed and imprinted in the placenta and developing fetus. In marsupials, however, the placental attachment is short-lived, and most growth and development occurs post-natally, supported by a changing milk composition tailor-made for each stage of development. Therefore there is a much greater demand on marsupial females during post-natal lactation than during pre-natal placentation, so there may be greater selection for genomic imprinting in the mammary gland than in the short-lived placenta. Recent studies in the tammar wallaby confirm the presence of genomic imprinting in nutrient-regulatory genes in the adult mammary gland. This suggests that imprinting may influence infant post-natal growth via the mammary gland as it does pre-natally via the placenta. Similarly, an increasing number of imprinted genes have been implicated in regulating feeding and nurturing behaviour in both the adult and the developing neonate/offspring in mice. Together these studies provide evidence that genomic imprinting is critical for regulating growth and subsequently the survival of offspring not only pre-natally but also post-natally. PMID:24595366

  8. Shakespeare for the Post-Postmodern Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leech, Carolyn

    Labeling literary or artistic periods is always tricky, and labeling an emerging period (such as this post-postmodern one) is, of course, impossible. Harold Bloom has labeled this period the "chaotic age" because of the canon wars that have raged among factions. One writer with a place in any canon and who is an anodyne to the chaos of the present…

  9. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Posting of bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Posting of bond. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY BONDING OF SHIP'S PERSONNEL Sec. 4... for examination by the National Shipping Authority at any time....

  10. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Posting of bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Posting of bond. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY BONDING OF SHIP'S PERSONNEL Sec. 4... for examination by the National Shipping Authority at any time....

  11. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Posting of bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Posting of bond. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY BONDING OF SHIP'S PERSONNEL Sec. 4... for examination by the National Shipping Authority at any time....

  12. English Literatures in Post-Colonial Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dass, Rozita

    2015-01-01

    The emergence of a vibrant literary, culture and arts scene promotes Singapore's claims as a hub for arts and culture in the Asian region, and as a global arts city by the 21st century. The richness and variety of Singapore literature from the early post-colonial years are evident in the evolution of a Singapore literary culture. The diaspora of

  13. Microbial degradation of post-harvest residues

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Management of post-harvest residues, produced during the green cane harvesting of sugarcane in Louisiana, has become an increasingly important issue for producers, particularly in areas where burning of the residues is banned or restricted. If the residues, which range from 4-8 tonnes per hectare, ...

  14. Post-Keynesian Theory: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kregel, J. A.

    1983-01-01

    The evolution and current position of post-Keynesian economic theory are examined. The theory is based on Keynes' exposition of effective demand in a monetary production economy determining the level of employment, rather than through supply and demand in the "real" and "monetary" sectors determining the level of real output. (Author/RM)

  15. PDD--Innovation in Post Bachelor Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soltis, Lawrence A.

    A description of the University of Wisconsin's Professional Development Degree (PDD) program, a post-baccalaureate degree program designed to bring various opportunities for learning to the practicing engineer, is provided. The primary objectives of the program are: (1) to expose the professional to subjects necessary to combat obsolescence, (2)…

  16. English Literatures in Post-Colonial Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dass, Rozita

    2015-01-01

    The emergence of a vibrant literary, culture and arts scene promotes Singapore's claims as a hub for arts and culture in the Asian region, and as a global arts city by the 21st century. The richness and variety of Singapore literature from the early post-colonial years are evident in the evolution of a Singapore literary culture. The diaspora of…

  17. Post-encephalitic Parkinsonism: current experience

    PubMed Central

    Rail, David; Scholtz, Carl; Swash, Michael

    1981-01-01

    The diagnosis of post-encephalitic Parkinsonism is rarely entertained today. In this paper we discuss eight recent patients, six of whom presented in the last 20 years, that conform to the diagnosis of encephalitis lethargica. The clinical features by which the diagnosis may be made are defined so that a contemporary definition of this disorder may be attained. Images PMID:7299406

  18. Retention of posts in teeth with nonvital pulps.

    PubMed

    Wood, W W

    1983-04-01

    The results of this study indicate that: 1. Cast posts without grooves are more retentive when cemented with zinc phosphate than with composite resin. 2. Cast posts with grooves in the posts and adjacent grooves in the teeth are more retentive than cast posts without grooves. 3. Cast posts with grooves and with adjacent grooves in the teeth have equal or greater retention than Paraposts with grooves in the teeth when both are placed with composite resin. PMID:6341562

  19. Fibre post behaviour prediction factors. A review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Bru, Elisa; Llena, Carmen; Almenar, Amelia

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The advantages of fibre posts over stainless steel posts have been demonstrated in numerous studies. For clinical success, various factors need to be taken into account in post-retained restorations. Material and Methods: A review was made of literature on fibre posts published from 2000 to February 2011, identified through searches of the PubMed/Medline databases. Results: The position of the tooth in the arch, ferrule size, proximal contact, periodontal support and restoration type are survival prediction factors that should be considered when performing post-endodontic restoration. Since fibre posts present good biomechanical behaviour as a result of their elastic modulus, which is similar to that of dentine, treatment failure occurs through decementation rather than because of root fracture, as occurs with metal posts. The shape of the post and, consequently, the thickness of the luting, can modify the retention capacity. Consequently, more anatomically-shaped posts have been developed, as have new techniques to reduce the volume of the dentine/cement interface: lateral condensation, surface remodelling or custom designs. Conclusions: Different aspects of the preparation process can be modified to assist in improving fibre post retention, but further investigation, mainly clinical, is needed to acquire a better understanding of how different factors influence the long-term clinical behaviour of the posts. Key words:Fiber post, post shape, post adaptation, post retention, endodontics. PMID:24455071

  20. Post-Slavery? Post-Segregation? Post-Racial? A History of the Impact of Slavery, Segregation, and Racism on the Education of African Americans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Span, Christopher M.

    2015-01-01

    This chapter details how slavery, segregation, and racism impacted the educational experiences of African Americans from the colonial era to the present. It argues that America has yet to be a truly post-slavery and post-segregation society, let alone a post-racial society.

  1. Prediction of a stable post-post-perovskite structure from first principles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Changsong; Xu, Bin; Yang, Yurong; Dong, Huafeng; Oganov, Artem R.; Wang, Shanying; Duan, Wenhui; Gu, Binglin; Bellaiche, L.

    2015-01-01

    A novel stable crystal structure is discovered in a variety of A B O3,A B F3 , and A2O3 compounds, via the use of first principles. This novel structure appears under hydrostatic pressure, and can be considered to be a post-post-perovskite phase. It provides a successful solution to experimental puzzles in important systems and is characterized by one-dimensional channels linked by a group of two via edge-sharing oxygen/fluorine octahedra. Such organization automatically results in anisotropic elastic properties and new magnetic arrangements. Depending on the system of choice, this post-post-perovskite structure also possesses electronic band gaps ranging from zero to ≃10 eV being direct or indirect in nature.

  2. Effects of post surface conditioning before silanization on bond strength between fiber post and resin cement

    PubMed Central

    Ranjbarian, Parisa

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE Post surface conditioning is necessary to expose the glass fibers to enable bonding between fiber post and resin cement. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different surface conditioning on tensile bond strength (TBS) of a glass fiber reinforced post to resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this in vitro study, 40 extracted single canal central incisors were endodontically treated and post spaces were prepared. The teeth were divided into four groups according to the methods of post surface treatment (n=10): 1) Silanization after etching with 20% H2O2, 2) Silanization after airborne-particle abrasion, 3) Silanization, and 4) No conditioning (Control). Adhesive resin cement (Panavia F 2.0) was used for cementation of the fiber posts to the root canal dentin. Three slices of 3 mm thick were obtained from each root. A universal testing machine was used with a cross-head speed of 1 mm/minute for performing the push-out tests. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc tests were used for analyzing data (α=0.05). RESULTS It is revealed that different surface treatments and root dentin regions had significant effects on TBS, but the interaction between surface treatments and root canal regions had no significant effect on TBS. There was significant difference among H2O2 + Silane Group and other three groups. CONCLUSION There were significant differences among the mean TBS values of different surface treatments. Application of hydrogen peroxide before silanization increased the bond strength between resin cements and fiber posts. The mean TBS mean values was significantly greater in the coronal region of root canal than the middle and apical thirds. PMID:23755337

  3. Post-abortion syndrome: creating an affliction.

    PubMed

    Dadlez, E M; Andrews, William L

    2010-11-01

    The contention that abortion harms women constitutes a new strategy employed by the pro-life movement to supplement arguments about fetal rights. David C. Reardon is a prominent promoter of this strategy. Post-abortion syndrome purports to establish that abortion psychologically harms women and, indeed, can harm persons associated with women who have abortions. Thus, harms that abortion is alleged to produce are multiplied. Claims of repression are employed to complicate efforts to disprove the existence of psychological harm and causal antecedents of trauma are only selectively investigated. We argue that there is no such thing as post-abortion syndrome and that the psychological harms Reardon and others claim abortion inflicts on women can usually be ascribed to different causes. We question the evidence accumulated by Reardon and his analysis of data accumulated by others. Most importantly, we question whether the conclusions Reardon has drawn follow from the evidence he cites. PMID:19594725

  4. Post-traumatic epilepsy: an overview

    PubMed Central

    Verellen, Rebecca M; Cavazos, Jose E

    2014-01-01

    Post-traumatic seizures (PTS) and post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) are complications from traumatic brain injury (TBI). PTE refers to recurrent and unprovoked PTS that occur at least 1 week after TBI. Seizures during the first week after TBI are considered provoked, an acute complication from head injury, while seizures occurring 1 week after TBI are considered a manifestation of PTE and if only a single seizure occurs it is known as late PTS. EEG and neuroimaging help in the diagnosis of PTE. Predictors for PTE include TBI severity, presence of intracranial bleeding and early PTS. Several clinical trials have demonstrated that antiepileptic drugs are effective in reducing the frequency of acute PTS, but do not appear to alter the natural history of late PTS or PTE. PMID:24761136

  5. A Long-Range Video Observation Post

    SciTech Connect

    Arlowe, D.

    1995-07-01

    The Long Range Video Observation Post (LRVOP) Project is a cooperative effort between the US and a Middle Eastern country to develop an improved version of their current video observation post. This project is part of a larger effort to cooperatively develop anti-terrorist technology. This particular equipment is required to facilitate the recording and identification of humans at a range of 1000 meters in day-light and 500 meters at night. The project objective was to take advantage of recent advances in camera technology, recorders, and image processing to provide an significant increase in performance with only a minimum increase in size, weight, and cost. The goal of the project was to convert the users general needs and desires into specific requirements that could be bid on by several companies. This paper covers the specific performance requirements, generally describe the components that might be used, and concentrate on describing the more difficult issues and technical challenges.

  6. Grip strength in post-stroke hemiplegia

    PubMed Central

    Park, Soohee; Park, Joo-Young

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] This study was performed in order to investigate the grip strength of the unaffected hand of hemiplegic post-stroke patients. [Subjects] This study conducted on 83 hemiplegic post-stroke patients from May to August 2012. [Methods] This study was measured the mean grip strength of the unaffected hand of patients with hemiplegia and comparatively analyzed this with the mean normal grip strength. [Results] The grip strength of the unaffected hand of patients with hemiplegia was weaker compared to the of normal. [Conclusion] Patients with hemiplegia demonstrated problems in both their unaffected and affected sides. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to expand treatment from the affected to unaffected areas of patients with hemiplegia. PMID:27065562

  7. VLAP: results immediately post-op

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cowles, Robert S.

    1996-05-01

    Visual laser ablation of the prostate (VLAP) has been shown to be as effective with fewer complications than TURP in the treatment of bladder outlet obstruction secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Questions have been raised about VLAP regarding prolonged irritative and obstructive voiding symptoms postoperatively. It is postulated that these symptoms are due to the slow slough of necrotic debris following VLAP. In an effort to improve upon the technique of VLAP, patients underwent lasing of the prostate in the routine manner (2, 4, 8, and 10 o'clock positions with sixty watts for sixty seconds) using Nd:YAG free beam energy. A bladder neck incision was then performed using a contact laser fiber. International prostate symptom score assessments were done preoperatively; one week and six weeks postoperatively. Post void residual urine volumes and prostate size were also evaluated. The findings indicate that symptom scores and post void residual urine volumes have significantly improved within ten days postoperatively using this technique.

  8. Psychosocial Interventions Pre and Post Bariatric Surgery.

    PubMed

    Kalarchian, Melissa A; Marcus, Marsha D

    2015-11-01

    Despite positive results overall, a substantial number of patients experience poor long-term outcomes following bariatric surgery. One reason for variability in weight loss may be difficulty in making and sustaining changes in dietary intake and physical activity; post-surgery binge eating has also been associated with poorer weight outcomes. In this paper, we review available evidence on adjunctive psychosocial interventions for bariatric surgery patients. Although the literature is limited, evidence suggests that bariatric surgery patients may benefit from a comprehensive approach targeting diet, activity and psychological factors. We think the optimal time to initiate adjunctive intervention is after surgery, but before significant weight regain has occurred. Adaptive interventions incorporating advances in technology may prove to be effective for promoting behavioural self-management and psychosocial adjustment following bariatric surgery. For some patients, pharmacotherapy and reoperation may also play a role in a personalized approach to post-surgery care. PMID:26364715

  9. Post-Translational Modifications of TRP Channels

    PubMed Central

    Voolstra, Olaf; Huber, Armin

    2014-01-01

    Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels constitute an ancient family of cation channels that have been found in many eukaryotic organisms from yeast to human. TRP channels exert a multitude of physiological functions ranging from Ca2+ homeostasis in the kidney to pain reception and vision. These channels are activated by a wide range of stimuli and undergo covalent post-translational modifications that affect and modulate their subcellular targeting, their biophysical properties, or channel gating. These modifications include N-linked glycosylation, protein phosphorylation, and covalent attachment of chemicals that reversibly bind to specific cysteine residues. The latter modification represents an unusual activation mechanism of ligand-gated ion channels that is in contrast to the lock-and-key paradigm of receptor activation by its agonists. In this review, we summarize the post-translational modifications identified on TRP channels and, when available, explain their physiological role. PMID:24717323

  10. Grip strength in post-stroke hemiplegia.

    PubMed

    Park, Soohee; Park, Joo-Young

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] This study was performed in order to investigate the grip strength of the unaffected hand of hemiplegic post-stroke patients. [Subjects] This study conducted on 83 hemiplegic post-stroke patients from May to August 2012. [Methods] This study was measured the mean grip strength of the unaffected hand of patients with hemiplegia and comparatively analyzed this with the mean normal grip strength. [Results] The grip strength of the unaffected hand of patients with hemiplegia was weaker compared to the of normal. [Conclusion] Patients with hemiplegia demonstrated problems in both their unaffected and affected sides. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to expand treatment from the affected to unaffected areas of patients with hemiplegia. PMID:27065562

  11. Focus on the post-DVD formats

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Hong; Wei, Jingsong

    2005-09-01

    As the digital TV(DTV) technologies are developing rapidly on its standard system, hardware desktop, software model, and interfaces between DTV and the home net, High Definition TV (HDTV) program worldwide broadcasting is scheduled. Enjoying high quality TV program at home is not a far-off dream for people. As for the main recording media, what would the main stream be for the optical storage technology to meet the HDTV requirements is becoming a great concern. At present, there are a few kinds of Post-DVD formats which are competing on technology, standard and market. Here we give a review on the co-existing Post-DVD formats in the world. We will discuss on the basic parameters for optical disk, video /audio coding strategy and system performance for HDTV program.

  12. Post-traumatic thoracic outlet syndromes.

    PubMed

    Casbas, Laurent; Chauffour, Xavier; Cau, Jérôme; Bossavy, Jean-Pierre; Midy, Dominique; Baste, Jean-Claude; Barret, André

    2005-01-01

    This retrospective study aims to clarify the mechanisms, frequency, symptoms, treatment, and outcome of post-traumatic thoracic outlet syndromes. A total of 13 patients (7 men and 6 women) with a mean age of 41 +/- 16 years were studied. Underlying injuries resulted from sports, road, and household accidents. Bone lesions were pseudarthrosis, hypertrophic callus, and luxations. Congenital anomalies were observed in five patients (38%). Vascular lesions included aneurysm of the subclavian artery or vein, acute ischemia, and subclavian vein thrombosis. Operative treatment involving orthopedic and/or vascular surgery was indicated in all patients. Post-traumatic thoracic outlet syndrome occurs in young subjects after violent trauma. Vascular complications are frequent and severe. Treatment achieves good results but benefits may be diminished by bone or nerve involvement. PMID:15714363

  13. Mt. Pinatubo Volcano - Post Eruption, Luzon, Philippines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Mt. Pinatubo on the island of Luzon (14.5N, 120.5E) erupted catastrophically in June 1991 after over 600 years of inactivity. Partially obscured by clouds in this post eruption photo, the crater is not obvious in this scene but the blowout area, in the once heavily forested region, is easily observed as lava flow, ash fallout, mud slide and debris trails mar the landscape. Clark AFB, once the crossroads of the SW Pacific can only partially be seen.

  14. Post-main-sequence planetary system evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Veras, Dimitri

    2016-02-01

    The fates of planetary systems provide unassailable insights into their formation and represent rich cross-disciplinary dynamical laboratories. Mounting observations of post-main-sequence planetary systems necessitate a complementary level of theoretical scrutiny. Here, I review the diverse dynamical processes which affect planets, asteroids, comets and pebbles as their parent stars evolve into giant branch, white dwarf and neutron stars. This reference provides a foundation for the interpretation and modelling of currently known systems and upcoming discoveries.

  15. Post-main-sequence planetary system evolution

    PubMed Central

    Veras, Dimitri

    2016-01-01

    The fates of planetary systems provide unassailable insights into their formation and represent rich cross-disciplinary dynamical laboratories. Mounting observations of post-main-sequence planetary systems necessitate a complementary level of theoretical scrutiny. Here, I review the diverse dynamical processes which affect planets, asteroids, comets and pebbles as their parent stars evolve into giant branch, white dwarf and neutron stars. This reference provides a foundation for the interpretation and modelling of currently known systems and upcoming discoveries. PMID:26998326

  16. Space shuttle holddown post blast shield

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Larracas, F. B.

    1991-01-01

    The original and subsequent designs of the Solid Rocket Booster/Holddown Post blast shield assemblies and their associated hardware are described. It presents the major problems encountered during their early use in the Space Shuttle Program, during the Return-to-Flight Modification Phase, and during their fabrication and validation testing phases. The actions taken to correct the problems are discussed, along with the various concepts now being considered to increase the useful life of the blast shield.

  17. PHMC post-NPH emergency response training

    SciTech Connect

    Conrads, T.J.

    1997-04-08

    This document describes post-Natural Phenomena Hazard (NPH) emergency response training that was provided to two teams of Project Hanford Management Contractors (PHMC) staff that will be used to assess potential structural damage that may occur as a result of a significant natural phenomena event. This training supports recent plans and procedures to use trained staff to inspect structures following an NPH event on the Hanford Site.

  18. Post abortion syndrome by K and R.

    PubMed

    1989-01-01

    Although the decision to abort rarely is an easy one for a woman, many women who have made the choice to abort deny that their decisions have left them emotionally crippled. The concept of a Post Abortion Syndrome (PAS) remains foreign to these women. What follows is a letter from a woman who had an abortion in the 1970s and an answer from a friend. PMID:10294681

  19. Post-main-sequence planetary system evolution.

    PubMed

    Veras, Dimitri

    2016-02-01

    The fates of planetary systems provide unassailable insights into their formation and represent rich cross-disciplinary dynamical laboratories. Mounting observations of post-main-sequence planetary systems necessitate a complementary level of theoretical scrutiny. Here, I review the diverse dynamical processes which affect planets, asteroids, comets and pebbles as their parent stars evolve into giant branch, white dwarf and neutron stars. This reference provides a foundation for the interpretation and modelling of currently known systems and upcoming discoveries. PMID:26998326

  20. Ultrafast carrier capture in InGaAs quantum posts

    SciTech Connect

    Talbayev, Diyar; Taylor, Antoinette J; Stehr, D; Morris, C M; Wagner, M; Kim, H C; Schneider, H; Petroff, P M; Sherwin, M S

    2009-01-01

    To explore the capture dynamics of photoexcited carriers in semiconductor quantum posts, optical pump - THz probe and time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy were performed. The results of the THz experiment show that after ultrafast excitation, electrons relax within a few picoseconds into the quantum posts, which are acting as efficient traps. The saturation of the quantum post states, probed by photoluminescence, was reached approximately at ten times the quantum post density in the samples. The results imply that quantum posts are posts highly attractive nanostructures for future device applications.

  1. Historical approaches to post-combat disorders.

    PubMed

    Jones, Edgar

    2006-04-29

    Almost every major war in the last century involving western nations has seen combatants diagnosed with a form of post-combat disorder. Some took a psychological form (exhaustion, combat fatigue, combat stress reaction and post-traumatic stress disorder), while others were characterized by medically unexplained symptoms (soldier's heart, effort syndrome, shell shock, non-ulcer dyspepsia, effects of Agent Orange and Gulf War Syndrome). Although many of these disorders have common symptoms, the explanations attached to them showed considerable diversity often reflected in the labels themselves. These causal hypotheses ranged from the effects of climate, compressive forces released by shell explosions, side effects of vaccinations, changes in diet, toxic effects of organophosphates, oil-well fires or depleted-uranium munitions. Military history suggests that these disorders, which coexisted in the civilian population, reflected popular health fears and emerged in the gaps left by the advance of medical science. While the current Iraq conflict has yet to produce a syndrome typified by medically unexplained symptoms, it is unlikely that we have seen the last of post-combat disorders as past experience suggests that they have the capacity to catch both military planners and doctors by surprise. PMID:16687259

  2. Historical approaches to post-combat disorders

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Edgar

    2006-01-01

    Almost every major war in the last century involving western nations has seen combatants diagnosed with a form of post-combat disorder. Some took a psychological form (exhaustion, combat fatigue, combat stress reaction and post-traumatic stress disorder), while others were characterized by medically unexplained symptoms (soldier's heart, effort syndrome, shell shock, non-ulcer dyspepsia, effects of Agent Orange and Gulf War Syndrome). Although many of these disorders have common symptoms, the explanations attached to them showed considerable diversity often reflected in the labels themselves. These causal hypotheses ranged from the effects of climate, compressive forces released by shell explosions, side effects of vaccinations, changes in diet, toxic effects of organophosphates, oil-well fires or depleted-uranium munitions. Military history suggests that these disorders, which coexisted in the civilian population, reflected popular health fears and emerged in the gaps left by the advance of medical science. While the current Iraq conflict has yet to produce a syndrome typified by medically unexplained symptoms, it is unlikely that we have seen the last of post-combat disorders as past experience suggests that they have the capacity to catch both military planners and doctors by surprise. PMID:16687259

  3. Post Disaster Governance, Complexity and Network Theory

    PubMed Central

    Lassa, Jonatan A.

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to understand the organizational network typology of large­-scale disaster intervention in developing countries and to understand the complexity of post-­disaster intervention, through the use of network theory based on empirical data from post-­tsunami reconstruction in Aceh, Indonesia, during 2005/­2007. The findings suggest that the ‘ degrees of separation’ (or network diameter) between any two organizations in the field is 5, thus reflecting ‘small­ world’ realities and therefore making no significant difference with the real human networks, as found in previous experiments. There are also significant loops in the network reflecting the fact that some actors tend to not cooperate, which challenges post­ disaster coordination. The findings show the landscape of humanitarian actors is not randomly distributed. Many actors were connected to each other through certain hubs, while hundreds of actors make ‘scattered’ single ‘principal-­client’ links. The paper concludes that by understanding the distribution of degree, centrality, ‘degrees of separation’ and visualization of the network, authorities can improve their understanding of the realities of coordination, from macro to micro scales. PMID:26236562

  4. Pre- and post-purge technology applications

    SciTech Connect

    Boyce, L.

    1996-12-01

    What do gas-to-oil heat conversions, forced draft systems, commercial installations and big chimneys have in common? At times, they all pose problems that can be helped by a pre- and post-purge burner control. With a purge system, the burner becomes its own venter. Before ignition, the blower starts circulating air for a pre-purge cycle (typically 10-30 seconds), to make starting easier and avoid lockouts due to poor draft conditions. Upon burner shutdown, airflow continues for a post-purge period (30 seconds to 5 minutes), to clear the chamber of combustion gases and prevent a backdraft from sucking fumes into the building. To create a purging system, the technician has typically had to assemble a jury-rigged system of relays and timers or spend $75 for a relay kit. To fill this need at much less expense, a new microprocessor-based primary control with pre-and post-purge capabilities built in is described. Early feedback from the field shows that dealer installation people are using this control to tackle a variety of different problems, depending on what they run into and what`s most important to solve for their customers. Each model 60200-02S control is pre-set at the factory with one of several timing patterns.

  5. AGR-1 Post Irradiation Examination Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Demkowicz, Paul Andrew

    2015-08-01

    The post-irradiation examination (PIE) of the Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR)-1 experiment was a multi-year, collaborative effort between Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to study the performance of UCO (uranium carbide, uranium oxide) tristructural isotropic (TRISO) coated particle fuel fabricated in the U.S. and irradiated at the Advanced Test Reactor at INL to a peak burnup of 19.6% fissions per initial metal atom. This work involved a broad array of experiments and analyses to evaluate the level of fission product retention by the fuel particles and compacts (both during irradiation and during post-irradiation heating tests to simulate reactor accident conditions), investigate the kernel and coating layer morphology evolution and the causes of coating failure, and explore the migration of fission products through the coating layers. The results have generally confirmed the excellent performance of the AGR-1 fuel, first indicated during the irradiation by the observation of zero TRISO coated particle failures out of 298,000 particles in the experiment. Overall release of fission products was determined by PIE to have been relatively low during the irradiation. A significant finding was the extremely low levels of cesium released through intact coatings. This was true both during the irradiation and during post-irradiation heating tests to temperatures as high as 1800°C. Post-irradiation safety test fuel performance was generally excellent. Silver release from the particles and compacts during irradiation was often very high. Extensive microanalysis of fuel particles was performed after irradiation and after high-temperature safety testing. The results of particle microanalysis indicate that the UCO fuel is effective at controlling the oxygen partial pressure within the particle and limiting kernel migration. Post-irradiation examination has provided the final body of data that speaks to the quality of the AGR-1 fuel, building on the as-fabricated fuel characterization and irradiation data. In addition to the extensive volume of results generated, the work also resulted in a number of novel analysis techniques and lessons learned that are being applied to the examination of fuel from subsequent TRISO fuel irradiations. This report provides a summary of the results obtained as part of the AGR-1 PIE campaign over its approximately 5-year duration.

  6. Effect of different post-space pretreatments on fiber post bonding to root dentine

    PubMed Central

    Alaghemand, Homayon; Mirzae, Mansoreh; Ahmadi, Elham; Saidi, Akam

    2013-01-01

    Background: Before the resin bond endodontic post-cementation, various solutions are used to improve bond strength of these posts to root dentine. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the different pre-treatments (ethanol, ethylene de amine tetra acetic acid [EDTA] and EDTA + ethanol) on the bond strength of adhesively lutted tooth colored fiber post. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight human anterior teeth (incisor and canine) were selected in this experimental study. The species were endodontically treated, and the post-space was prepared. The species were randomly divided into four groups of 12 teeth in each and were treated as follows: (i) 0.1 M EDTA, (ii) 99.6% ethanol, (iii) 0.1 M EDTA followed by 99.6% ethanol and (iv) without any treatment (control). A push-out test was carried out after 24 h. Each tooth was cut into three 1 mm-thick sections. Fracture type was assessed using stereomicroscope. The data were analyzed by one way-ANOVA followed by Scheffe post-hoc test at P = 0.05. Results: Almost, in EDTA and (EDTA + ethanol) every sample failed at the interface between post and lutting cement. Predominant failure mode in ethanol and control group was mixed failure. The surface treatment methods did not have any significant effect (P > 0.05) on any group but EDTA group had the highest bond strength. Conclusion: Surface treatment with (ethanol, EDTA, and EDTA + ethanol) does not significantly appear to be effective in improving the bond strength of fiber posts into root dentine. The highest bond strength was observed in EDTA group and the lowest in the control group. PMID:24130594

  7. 3. EASTERN EDGE OF POST ENGINEER'S SHOPS AND YARD, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. EASTERN EDGE OF POST ENGINEER'S SHOPS AND YARD, LOOKING 312 DEGREES NORTH WEST, EUCALYPTUS TREES DENOTE EDGE OF PRESIDIO. - Presidio of San Francisco, Post Engineer's Headquarters Office, Crissy Field North cantonment, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  8. 25. Detail of cast iron lamp post base with fluted ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. Detail of cast iron lamp post base with fluted wooded post at top, located at north end of bridge. VIEW NORTHEAST - Chelsea Street Bridge & Draw Tender's House, Spanning Chelsea River, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  9. View from southeast to northwest of post chapel. The chapel ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View from southeast to northwest of post chapel. The chapel annex, of trailer type construction, has been demolished - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Post Chapel, On Avenue A, North of softball field, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  10. Abuse, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Migraine

    MedlinePlus

    ... Traumatic Stress Disorder and Migraine Print Email Abuse, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Migraine ACHE Newsletter Sign up for ... by entering your e-mail address below. Abuse, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Migraine Gretchen E. Tietjen, MD and ...

  11. Post-Traumatic Stress After a Traffic Accident

    MedlinePlus

    MENU Return to Web version Post-traumatic Stress Disorder | Post-traumatic Stress After a Traffic Accident Each year more than 6 million traffic accidents occur in the United States. If you've been in ...

  12. 1. OVERVIEW OF POST ENGINEER'S SHOPS AND YARD BUILDINGS, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. OVERVIEW OF POST ENGINEER'S SHOPS AND YARD BUILDINGS, LOOKING 40 DEGREES NORTH EAST - Presidio of San Francisco, Post Engineer's Headquarters Office, Crissy Field North cantonment, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  13. 2. POST ENGINEER'S SHOPS AND YARD BUILDINGS FROM PRESIDIO ENTRANCE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. POST ENGINEER'S SHOPS AND YARD BUILDINGS FROM PRESIDIO ENTRANCE GATE AT MASON STREET, LOOKING 270 DEGREES WEST - Presidio of San Francisco, Post Engineer's Headquarters Office, Crissy Field North cantonment, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  14. Update on management of post-prostatectomy incontinence in 2013.

    PubMed

    Herschorn, Sender

    2013-09-01

    Surgical intervention is often required to address urinary incontinence post-prostatectomy. This summary provides an overview of surgical intervention in post-prostatectomy incontinent patients and of the evidence supporting the various surgical interventions currently in use. PMID:24523842

  15. Update on management of post-prostatectomy incontinence in 2013

    PubMed Central

    Herschorn, Sender

    2013-01-01

    Surgical intervention is often required to address urinary incontinence post-prostatectomy. This summary provides an overview of surgical intervention in post-prostatectomy incontinent patients and of the evidence supporting the various surgical interventions currently in use. PMID:24523842

  16. Post-Polio Health International including International Ventilator Users Network

    MedlinePlus

    ... post-polio.org. Check out International Ventilator Users Network Post-Polio Health International's mission is to enhance ... Polio Health International (PHI) Including International Ventilator Users Network 4207 Lindell Blvd., #110, Saint Louis, MO 63108- ...

  17. Evaluation of Different Post Lengths’ Effect on Fracture Resistance of a Glass Fiber Post System

    PubMed Central

    Adanir, Necdet; Belli, Sema

    2008-01-01

    Objectives The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of different post lengths upon root fracture resistance. Methods 78 maxillary central teeth with similar dimensions were mounted in acrylic blocks with artificial silicone periodontal ligaments. Combinations of post lengths of 6 mm (shorter than 1/1 clinical crown length), 9 mm (1/1 clinical crown length), and 12 mm (longer than 1/1 clinical crown length) made up 6 different groups consisting of 13 teeth each. The glass fiber posts (Snowpost) were cemented with Super-Bond C&B and Panavia F luting cement. Composite-resin cores were made with Clearfil PhotoCore. The specimens were tested in a universal test machine. The testing machine applied controlled loads to the core, 2 mm from its incisal edge, on the palatal side at an angle 135 degrees to the long axis of the root. The testing machine was set at a crosshead speed of 5mm per minute. All samples were loaded until failure. Results There was no statistically significant difference between cements (P>.05). Posts shorter than clinical crown length, demonstrated root fracture under significantly lower loading forces (P<.05). Conclusion Usage of posts shorter than clinical crowns should be avoided to eliminate clinical failure. PMID:19212505

  18. Exploration of post radiation effects on polyamide-1010

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Baozhong; Zhang, Lihua

    Irradiated polyamide-1010 (PA1010) with and without heat treatment after ?-ray irradiation was compared by wide angle x-ray diffraction (WAXD), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and the determination of gel fractions. The results indicate that post radiation effects due to post radiation crosslinking and scissions affect physical properties. Post radiation effects restrain the formation and perfection of the planes (010), and make the crystals imperfect. Post radiation effects change the crystalline structures of polyamide-1010.

  19. 4. REAR ELEVATION, DETAIL OF CONSTRUCTION, ADJACENT CORNER POSTS BETWEEN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. REAR ELEVATION, DETAIL OF CONSTRUCTION, ADJACENT CORNER POSTS BETWEEN BUILDING PERIODS 1 AND 3. NOTE REUSED WOOD STRIP NAILED TO BUILDING PERIOD 1 POST INSCRIBED 'ST. LEONARD'. THERE ARE NO NAIL HOLES IN THE PERIOD 3 POST, THE FARRING STRIPS ADJUST FOR CLADDING - Charles' Gift, State Routes 2 & 4, Lusby, Calvert County, MD

  20. 5 CFR 1304.4605 - Post-employment restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Post-employment restrictions. 1304.4605 Section 1304.4605 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES POST EMPLOYMENT CONFLICT OF INTEREST § 1304.4605 Post-employment restrictions. (a) General Restrictions...

  1. 42 CFR 456.23 - Post-payment review process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Post-payment review process. 456.23 Section 456.23... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: All Medicaid Services § 456.23 Post-payment review process. The agency must have a post-payment review process that— (a)...

  2. 29 CFR 103.20 - Posting of election notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Posting of election notices. 103.20 Section 103.20 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD OTHER RULES Election Procedures § 103.20 Posting of election notices. (a) Employers shall post copies of the Board's official Notice of Election...

  3. 29 CFR 103.20 - Posting of election notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Posting of election notices. 103.20 Section 103.20 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD OTHER RULES Election Procedures § 103.20 Posting of election notices. (a) Employers shall post copies of the Board's official Notice of Election...

  4. 29 CFR 103.20 - Posting of election notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Posting of election notices. 103.20 Section 103.20 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD OTHER RULES Election Procedures § 103.20 Posting of election notices. (a) Employers shall post copies of the Board's official Notice of Election...

  5. 29 CFR 1903.16 - Posting of citations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Posting of citations. 1903.16 Section 1903.16 Labor... INSPECTIONS, CITATIONS AND PROPOSED PENALTIES § 1903.16 Posting of citations. (a) Upon receipt of any citation under the Act, the employer shall immediately post such citation, or a copy thereof, unedited, at...

  6. 29 CFR 1903.16 - Posting of citations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Posting of citations. 1903.16 Section 1903.16 Labor... INSPECTIONS, CITATIONS AND PROPOSED PENALTIES § 1903.16 Posting of citations. (a) Upon receipt of any citation under the Act, the employer shall immediately post such citation, or a copy thereof, unedited, at...

  7. 29 CFR 1903.16 - Posting of citations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Posting of citations. 1903.16 Section 1903.16 Labor... INSPECTIONS, CITATIONS AND PROPOSED PENALTIES § 1903.16 Posting of citations. (a) Upon receipt of any citation under the Act, the employer shall immediately post such citation, or a copy thereof, unedited, at...

  8. 29 CFR 1903.16 - Posting of citations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Posting of citations. 1903.16 Section 1903.16 Labor... INSPECTIONS, CITATIONS AND PROPOSED PENALTIES § 1903.16 Posting of citations. (a) Upon receipt of any citation under the Act, the employer shall immediately post such citation, or a copy thereof, unedited, at...

  9. 29 CFR 1903.16 - Posting of citations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Posting of citations. 1903.16 Section 1903.16 Labor... INSPECTIONS, CITATIONS AND PROPOSED PENALTIES § 1903.16 Posting of citations. (a) Upon receipt of any citation under the Act, the employer shall immediately post such citation, or a copy thereof, unedited, at...

  10. 29 CFR 4043.20 - Post-Event filing obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Post-Event filing obligation. 4043.20 Section 4043.20 Labor... EVENTS AND CERTAIN OTHER NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS Post-Event Notice of Reportable Events § 4043.20 Post-Event filing obligation. The plan administrator and each contributing sponsor of a plan for which...

  11. 48 CFR 908.7118 - Rental of post office boxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Rental of post office boxes. 908.7118 Section 908.7118 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPETITION... post office boxes. DOE offices and authorized contractors may rent post office boxes on an annual...

  12. 48 CFR 908.7118 - Rental of post office boxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Rental of post office boxes. 908.7118 Section 908.7118 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPETITION... post office boxes. DOE offices and authorized contractors may rent post office boxes on an annual...

  13. 48 CFR 908.7118 - Rental of post office boxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rental of post office boxes. 908.7118 Section 908.7118 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPETITION... post office boxes. DOE offices and authorized contractors may rent post office boxes on an annual...

  14. 26 CFR 301.6806-1 - Posting occupational tax stamps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Posting occupational tax stamps. 301.6806-1...) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION General Provisions Relating to Stamps § 301.6806-1 Posting occupational tax stamps. For provisions relating to the posting of specific stamps used...

  15. 26 CFR 301.6806-1 - Posting occupational tax stamps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Posting occupational tax stamps. 301.6806-1...) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION General Provisions Relating to Stamps § 301.6806-1 Posting occupational tax stamps. For provisions relating to the posting of specific stamps used...

  16. 26 CFR 301.6806-1 - Posting occupational tax stamps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Posting occupational tax stamps. 301.6806-1...) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION General Provisions Relating to Stamps § 301.6806-1 Posting occupational tax stamps. For provisions relating to the posting of specific stamps used...

  17. 26 CFR 301.6806-1 - Posting occupational tax stamps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Posting occupational tax stamps. 301.6806-1...) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION General Provisions Relating to Stamps § 301.6806-1 Posting occupational tax stamps. For provisions relating to the posting of specific stamps used...

  18. 26 CFR 301.6806-1 - Posting occupational tax stamps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Posting occupational tax stamps. 301.6806-1...) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION General Provisions Relating to Stamps § 301.6806-1 Posting occupational tax stamps. For provisions relating to the posting of specific stamps used...

  19. 20 CFR 498.219 - Post-hearing briefs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Post-hearing briefs. 498.219 Section 498.219 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES, ASSESSMENTS AND RECOMMENDED EXCLUSIONS § 498.219 Post-hearing briefs. (a) Any party may file a post-hearing brief. (b) The ALJ...

  20. 20 CFR 498.219 - Post-hearing briefs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Post-hearing briefs. 498.219 Section 498.219 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES, ASSESSMENTS AND RECOMMENDED EXCLUSIONS § 498.219 Post-hearing briefs. (a) Any party may file a post-hearing brief. (b) The ALJ...

  1. Post-Disaster Social Justice Group Work and Group Supervision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bemak, Fred; Chung, Rita Chi-Ying

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses post-disaster group counseling and group supervision using a social justice orientation for working with post-disaster survivors from underserved populations. The Disaster Cross-Cultural Counseling model is a culturally responsive group counseling model that infuses social justice into post-disaster group counseling and…

  2. 76 FR 31998 - Posting of Service Contract Inventory

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... MANAGEMENT Posting of Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice of posting. SUMMARY: The Office of Personnel Management has posted on its public Web site an inventory of the... Product or Service Code to show the use of contractors to perform ``special interest functions'' as...

  3. 5 CFR 1304.4605 - Post-employment restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Post-employment restrictions. 1304.4605 Section 1304.4605 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES POST EMPLOYMENT CONFLICT OF INTEREST § 1304.4605 Post-employment restrictions. (a) General Restrictions...

  4. 5 CFR 1304.4605 - Post-employment restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Post-employment restrictions. 1304.4605 Section 1304.4605 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES POST EMPLOYMENT CONFLICT OF INTEREST § 1304.4605 Post-employment restrictions. (a) General Restrictions...

  5. 5 CFR 1304.4605 - Post-employment restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Post-employment restrictions. 1304.4605 Section 1304.4605 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES POST EMPLOYMENT CONFLICT OF INTEREST § 1304.4605 Post-employment restrictions. (a) General Restrictions...

  6. 5 CFR 1304.4605 - Post-employment restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Post-employment restrictions. 1304.4605 Section 1304.4605 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES POST EMPLOYMENT CONFLICT OF INTEREST § 1304.4605 Post-employment restrictions. (a) General Restrictions...

  7. 40 CFR 264.603 - Post-closure care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Post-closure care. 264.603 Section 264... Miscellaneous Units § 264.603 Post-closure care. A miscellaneous unit that is a disposal unit must be maintained in a manner that complies with § 264.601 during the post-closure care period. In addition, if...

  8. 40 CFR 264.603 - Post-closure care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Post-closure care. 264.603 Section 264... Miscellaneous Units § 264.603 Post-closure care. A miscellaneous unit that is a disposal unit must be maintained in a manner that complies with § 264.601 during the post-closure care period. In addition, if...

  9. 40 CFR 258.61 - Post-closure care requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Post-closure care requirements. 258.61 Section 258.61 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES CRITERIA FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLS Closure and Post-Closure Care § 258.61 Post-closure care requirements. (a) Following closure of each...

  10. 6. UPSTREAM VIEW OF THE SPILLWAY OF THE POST FALLS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. UPSTREAM VIEW OF THE SPILLWAY OF THE POST FALLS POWERHOUSE, WITH A PARTIAL VIEW OF THE MODERN TRANSFORMER IN THE FOREGROUND, AND THE OLD SWITCHING BUILDING IN THE LEFT BACKGROUND, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - Washington Water Power Company Post Falls Power Plant, Middle Channel Powerhouse & Dam, West of intersection of Spokane & Fourth Streets, Post Falls, Kootenai County, ID

  11. 40 CFR 258.61 - Post-closure care requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Post-closure care requirements. 258.61 Section 258.61 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES CRITERIA FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLS Closure and Post-Closure Care § 258.61 Post-closure care requirements. (a) Following closure of each...

  12. 2. CONTEXTUAL VIEW OF THE POST FALLS POWERHOUSE, WITH THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. CONTEXTUAL VIEW OF THE POST FALLS POWERHOUSE, WITH THE MODERN SUBSTATION AND OLD SWITCHING BUILDING IN THE LEFT FOREGROUND AND THE POWER PLANT IN THE RIGHT FOREGROUND, LOOKING SOUTH. - Washington Water Power Company Post Falls Power Plant, Middle Channel Powerhouse & Dam, West of intersection of Spokane & Fourth Streets, Post Falls, Kootenai County, ID

  13. 40 CFR 264.603 - Post-closure care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Post-closure care. 264.603 Section 264... Miscellaneous Units § 264.603 Post-closure care. A miscellaneous unit that is a disposal unit must be maintained in a manner that complies with § 264.601 during the post-closure care period. In addition, if...

  14. 1. CONTEXTUAL VIEW OF THE POST FALLS POWERHOUSE LOOKING DOWNSTREAM. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. CONTEXTUAL VIEW OF THE POST FALLS POWERHOUSE LOOKING DOWNSTREAM. POWER PLANT AND INTAKE GATES ARE IN THE LEFT FOREGROUND, AND THE ATTACHED 'OLD SWITCHING BUILDING' (NOW ABANDONED) IS IN THE RIGHT BACKGROUND, LOOKING NORTHWEST. - Washington Water Power Company Post Falls Power Plant, Middle Channel Powerhouse & Dam, West of intersection of Spokane & Fourth Streets, Post Falls, Kootenai County, ID

  15. 40 CFR 264.603 - Post-closure care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Post-closure care. 264.603 Section 264... Miscellaneous Units § 264.603 Post-closure care. A miscellaneous unit that is a disposal unit must be maintained in a manner that complies with § 264.601 during the post-closure care period. In addition, if...

  16. 1. LOOKING WESTSOUTHWEST WITH MILITARY POLICE POST AT LEFT AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. LOOKING WESTSOUTHWEST WITH MILITARY POLICE POST AT LEFT AND MT. WILLIAMSON IN BACKGROUND. POST HELD ENTRANCE SIGN TO MANZANAR. THIS VIEW REPLICATES A PHOTOGRAPH BY ANSEL ADAMS, PUBLISHED IN THE BOOK MANZANAR. - Manzanar War Relocation Center, Military Police Post, Independence, Inyo County, CA

  17. 42 CFR 456.23 - Post-payment review process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Post-payment review process. 456.23 Section 456.23... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: All Medicaid Services § 456.23 Post-payment review process. The agency must have a post-payment review process that— (a)...

  18. Post-Disaster Reproductive Health Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Zotti, Marianne E.; Williams, Amy M.; Robertson, McKaylee; Horney, Jennifer; Hsia, Jason

    2015-01-01

    We examined methodological issues in studies of disaster-related effects on reproductive health outcomes and fertility among women of reproductive age and infants in the United States (US). We conducted a systematic literature review of 1,635 articles and reports published in peer-reviewed journals or by the government from January 1981 through December 2010. We classified the studies using three exposure types: (1) physical exposure to toxicants; (2) psychological trauma; and (3) general exposure to disaster. Fifteen articles met our inclusion criteria concerning research focus and design. Overall studies pertained to eight different disasters, with most (n = 6) focused on the World Trade Center attack. Only one study examined pregnancy loss, i.e., occurrence of spontaneous abortions post-disaster. Most studies focused on associations between disaster and adverse birth outcomes, but two studies pertained only to post-disaster fertility while another two examined it in addition to adverse birth outcomes. In most studies disaster-affected populations were assumed to have experienced psychological trauma, but exposure to trauma was measured in only four studies. Furthermore, effects of both physical exposure to toxicants and psychological trauma on disaster-affected populations were examined in only one study. Effects on birth outcomes were not consistently demonstrated, and study methodologies varied widely. Even so, these studies suggest an association between disasters and reproductive health and highlight the need for further studies to clarify associations. We postulate that post-disaster surveillance among pregnant women could improve our understanding of effects of disaster on the reproductive health of US pregnant women. PMID:22752348

  19. Treatment of Post-Traumatic Cognitive Impairments

    PubMed Central

    Wortzel, Hal S.; Arciniegas, David B.

    2012-01-01

    Opinion statement Cognitive impairment is a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and a substantial source of disability. Across all levels of TBI severity, attention, processing speed, episodic memory, and executive function are most commonly affected.The differential diagnosis for posttraumatic cognitive impairments is broad, and includes emotional, behavioral, and physical problems as well as substance use disorders, medical conditions, prescribed and self-administered medications, and symptom elaboration. Thorough neuropsychiatric assessment for such problems is a pre-requisite to treatments specifically targeting cognitive impairments.First-line treatments for posttraumatic cognitive impairments are non-pharmacologic, including education, realistic expectation setting, environmental and lifestyle modifications, and cognitive rehabilitation.Pharmacotherapies for posttraumatic cognitive impairments include uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA) antagonists, medications that directly or indirectly augment cerebral catecholaminergic or acetylcholinergic function, or agents with combinations of these properties.In the immediate post-injury period, treatment with uncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonists reduces duration of unconsciousness. The mechanism for this effect may involve attenuation of neurotrauma-induced glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity and/or stabilization of glutamate signaling in the injured brain.During the sub-acute or late post-injury periods, medications that augment cerebral acetylcholinergic function may improve declarative memory. Among responders to this treatment, secondary benefits on attention, processing speed, and executive function impairments as well as neuropsychiatric disturbances may be observed. During these post-injury periods, medications that augment cerebral catecholaminergic function may improve hypoarousal, processing speed, attention, and/or executive function as well as comorbid depression or apathy.When medications are used, a “start-low, go-slow, but go” approach is encouraged, coupled with frequent reassessment of benefits and side effects as well as monitoring for drug-drug interactions. Titration to either beneficial effect or medication intolerance should be completed before discontinuing a treatment or augmenting partial responses with additional medications. PMID:22865461

  20. Post Traumatic Endophthalmitis: Incidence and Risk Factors

    PubMed Central

    Dehghani, Ali Reza; Rezaei, Leila; Salam, Hasan; Mohammadi, Zahra; Mahboubi, Mohammad

    2014-01-01

    Post traumatic endophthalmitis is an uncommon but severe complication of ocular trauma. We aimed to identify the incidence of post traumatic endophthalmitis and its contributing risk factors in Feiz hospital (Isfahan, Iran) from 2006 until 2010. Medical records of 1042 patients with open globe injury were analyzed and data were collected including age, sex, location of being injured, visual acuity (VA), time from injury to hospitalization and to repair, site of ophthalmic injury and the presence of foreign body. The frequency of post-traumatic endophthalmitis was about 2.1% (N = 22) of all patients. Nine of 22 cases with endophthalmitis were under 8 years. The visual acuity at the time of admission was seen to be contributed to high rate of endophthalmitis. Intraocular foreign body was detected in 139 patients; and the rate of endophthalmitis was 5% among these patients. Statistical analysis showed significant relationship between presence of foreign body and higher rate of endophthalmitis. Also, duration of hospitalization was significantly different between two study groups (P = 0.019). There were no significant differences between two groups in terms of other studied variables. Patients with low age, low visual acuity at admission, presence of intraocular foreign body and long duration of hospital stay had a higher risk of endophthalmitis after the repair of the globe. Compared to the reports of other large institutions, we can attribute the low incidence rate of endophthalmitis in our institution to the early use of systemic antibiotics such as gentamycin and cephalosporins in the first hour of hospitalization until discharge. PMID:25363107

  1. Uav Application in POST - Seismic Environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baiocchi, V.; Dominici, D.; Mormile, M.

    2013-08-01

    On April 6, 2009, an earthquake of 6.3 magnitude struck central Italy with its epicentre near L'Aquila, at 42.3502° N, 13.3762° E. The earthquake damaged 3000 to 11 000 buildings in the medieval city of L'Aquila. Several buildings totally collapsed, 308 people were killed. The post emergency phase till now is just at its beginning step. Conventional surveying techniques using high precision total stations, GNSS receivers and laser scanners for investigations on damaged buildings are always becoming more automated, accurate and operative and even much more fast. Even if these techniques represent instruments of extreme operability there are still many evident limits on their use, especially regarding the survey of both the roofs and the facades of tall buildings or dangerous places, typical on post earthquake situations. So using micro UAVs for surveying in such particular cases, many of these problems can be easily bypassed. In fact, the present work aims on experimenting using multi-rotor micro UAVs, that will allow high quality image capturing on roofs and facades of structures in the old city center of L'Aquila. To obtain actual stereoscopic acquisitions of buildings some conditions on the geometry of acquisition have to be observed, for this reason, taking as a guideline classic flight photogrammetric, a flight planning software was developed. Accurate planning for UAVs acquisitions is very important also considering the reduced autonomy of such vehicles. This can be a strategic point if we want to use UAVs for early damage assessment and also for post event reconstruction planning.

  2. Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Post-Traumatic Growth: Evidence from a Longitudinal Study following an Earthquake Disaster

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Jieling; Zhou, Xiao; Zeng, Min; Wu, Xinchun

    2015-01-01

    Objective The current longitudinal study aims to examine the bidirectional relationship between post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and post-traumatic growth (PTG). Method One hundred twenty-two adults in the most severely affected area were investigated by self-report questionnaires at 12 months and 18 months after the Wenchuan Earthquake occurred in China. Results The autoregressive cross-lagged structure equation analysis revealed that PTG at 12 months post-earthquake could negatively predict PTSS at 18 months post-earthquake above and beyond PTSS stability, whereas PTSS at 12 months post-earthquake could not significantly predict subsequent PTG. Moreover, PTG at 12 months post-earthquake could predict fewer subsequent intrusions, numbing and hyper-arousal symptoms but not avoidance symptoms. Conclusion Growth can play a role in reducing long-term post-traumatic stress symptoms, and the implication of a positive perspective in post-trauma circumstance is discussed. PMID:26046912

  3. Mt. Pinatubo Volcano - Post Eruption, Luzon, Philippines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    Mt. Pinatubo on the island of Luzon (15.5N, 120.0E) erupted catastrophically in June 1991 after over 600 years of inactivity. This is the first shuttle post eruption photo. The north facing crater is not obvious in this scene but the blowout area, in the once heavily forested region, is easily observed as lava flow, ash fallout, mud slide and debris trails mar the landscape. Clark AFB, once the crossroads of the SW Pacific can only partially be seen.

  4. Post-Harbour Areas - New Urban Space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nowacka-Rejzner, Urszula

    2015-12-01

    In the article on selected examples one illustrated the different solutions for shaping post-harbour areas. One highlighted the complexity and longevity of activities conducted in these areas, which include both: the modernization of building structures, shaping of new functional and spatial interactions, reproduction of natural resources, protection and sharing of preserved buildings and complexes of cultural heritage, but also well balanced management of transformed area. The basis for conducted deliberations constitute studies and field studies concerning the development of urban structures, conducted for many years by the author.

  5. Phobos/Harp post launch support

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nagy, Andrew

    1993-01-01

    The activity under this grant concentrated on: (1) post-launch calibration of the HARP instrument; and (2) analysis and interpretation of the data from the HARP and other related instruments. The HARP was taken by scientists and engineers from the Hungarian Central Research Institute for Physics (CRIP) to NASA/MSFC for calibration in their plasma chamber, with partial support of this grant. This electron and ion calibration of the HARP, helped in transforming measured currents to actual flux values. The analysis and interpretation of the data, carried out jointly by our Russian and Hungarian colleagues and us, led to a number of journal publications and presentations at scientific meetings.

  6. The post-adjustable gastric band abdominoplasty.

    PubMed

    Wu, Allan Y; Coon, John L; Huerta, Sergio; Condé-Green, Alexandra; Morrow, David M

    2012-07-01

    Serious complications associated with post-laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) abdominoplasty have been reported in the medical literature. Furthermore, others have noted aesthetic problems with closure of the umbilicus due to apparatus port proximity. Currently, no clinical protocol or formal industry guidance for LAGB apparatus management during abdominoplasty is available in the medical literature. In this article, the authors describe their procedure for safe LAGB apparatus management during abdominoplasty and illustrate key surgical principles by presenting unique cases from their series of 20 patients treated with this technique. PMID:22745453

  7. Post storm damage assessment survey. Interim report

    SciTech Connect

    Milgram, D.

    1997-12-01

    The authors discuss and summarize preliminary data collected from a survey sent to representatives in the electrical power generating and distribution industry. The goal of the survey is to produce basic statistics that drive technical requirement for a service to support utility companies in the event of major disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes, and wind storms. Hypothetically, a Post Storm Damage Assessment (PSDA) service would provide time critical reports to customers about potential damage to power distribution facilities (e.g., poles, wires, and transformers).

  8. On post-SKA radio astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parijskij, Yuri; Chernenkov, Vladimir

    It is suggested that the development of the SKA will drastically change the face of radio astronomy in the 21st Century. A FAST-style SKA would admit observations of low contrast features, and would be the best design for studying the `dark ages' of the Universe (x>> 1) where sub-arcmin total power instruments can usefully be employed. To date there have been no proposals for post-SKA, billion square-metra instruments; we speculate that mobile communication systems can be used. In the very distant future, SKA multi-beam systems could be used to collect signals reflected by Solar system bodies such as the asteroid belt.

  9. The Parametrized Post-Newtonian Gravitational Redshift

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krisher, T. P.

    1993-01-01

    A derivation of the gravitational redshift effect to order c ^(-4) is presented. The calculation isperformed within the framework of the parametrized post-Newtonian formalism for analyzing metrictheories of gravity, which includes corrections to second- order in the Newtonian potential,gravitomagnetic contributions, and preferred-frame terms. We briefly discuss how to generalize ourresults to include possible violations of local Lorentz invariance or local position invariance which canarise in nonmetric theories. Our results are useful for analyzing possible new redshift experimentswhich may be sensitive to second-order effects, such as a close solar flyby mission.

  10. [Malingering of post-traumatic stress disorder].

    PubMed

    Dressing, H; Meyer-Lindenberg, A

    2008-03-01

    Post-traumatic stress disorder is a frequently diagnosed disorder. Expert assessments of claimants with PTSD symptoms have become a common challenge for physicians in civil lawsuits. Since diagnosis of PTSD relies primarily on the patient's subjective report, this syndrome is particularly vulnerable to malingering. For this reason, it is important for physicians to try to identify individuals with true PTSD and differentiate them from those who malinger the disorder. This paper outlines the general problems and assessment strategies involved in the detection of malingering. A special focus is placed on the typical presentation of malingered PTSD symptoms. PMID:18405229

  11. STS-114: Discovery Post MMT Briefing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Wayne Hale, Space Shuttle Deputy Program Manager and Terri Murphy, Space Shuttle Imagery Integration Manager are seen in this post Mission Management Team (MMT) briefing. Hale begins with showing a video that was recovered from the Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) looking at the external tank during ascent. Pictures of the RH Nose Landing Gear Damage (NLGD), Protruding gap filler near chine and protruding gap fillers are shown. Terri Murphy talks about the imagery from debris, integrated simulations and radar data collected from the launch. Hale answers questions from the news media about the location of the gap fillers, possible EVA to remove the gap fillers and the thermal protection system.

  12. What is post-traumatic stress disorder?

    PubMed Central

    Andreasen, Nancy C.

    2011-01-01

    Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are categorized as separate and discrete disorders, the boundary between them is sometimes indistinct. Their separation is based on the assumption that PTSD results primarily from psychological stress, while TBI is the consequence of an identifiable injury to the brain. This distinction is based on an antiquated polarity between mind and brain, and the separation of the two disorders often becomes arbitrary in day-to-day psychiatric practice and research. PMID:22033951

  13. Post-ICU syndrome: Rescuing the undiagnosed.

    PubMed

    Myers, Elizabeth A; Smith, David A; Allen, Steven R; Kaplan, Lewis J

    2016-04-01

    Survivors of critical illness may develop postintensive care syndrome (PICS), a spectrum of conditions that include persistent cognitive dysfunction, acquired weakness, and intrusive memories akin to post-traumatic stress disorder. Relatively few ICU survivors are routinely followed in the outpatient setting by intensivists, but are regularly evaluated by primary care physicians and physician assistants in their practices. Specific and focused education about the key features of PICS, its effect on patients as well as family members, and potential therapeutic interventions may increase recognition of PICS and reduce its effect on survivors of critical illness. PMID:27023654

  14. Post-acute integration strategies in an era of accountability

    PubMed Central

    McHugh, John P; Trivedi, Amal N; Zinn, Jacqueline S; Mor, Vincent

    2016-01-01

    The Institute of Medicine, in its 2001 Crossing the Quality Chasm report, recommended greater integration and coordination as a component of a transformed health care system, yet relationships between acute and post-acute providers have remained weak. With payment reforms that hold hospitals and health systems accountable for the total costs of care and readmissions, the dynamic between acute and post-acute providers is changing. In this article, we outline the internal and market factors that will drive health systems’ decisions about whether and how they integrate with post-acute providers. Enhanced integration between acute and post-acute providers should reduce variation in post-acute spending. PMID:27148428

  15. Post-ecological discourse in the making.

    PubMed

    Zeyer, Albert; Roth, Wolff-Michael

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses the discourse of 15- to16-year-old Swiss junior high school students in order to understand public discourse on the environment and environmental protection. Discourse analysis reveals four interpretive repertoires as the building blocks for the so-called post-ecological discourse, which can be used to describe important aspects of current ways of talking about ecological issues in Europe. We show that 10 theoretically identifiable dimensions of this discourse can be understood in terms of a mutual interplay between the four interpretive repertoires. Post-ecological discourse in today's (Swiss) society appears to be at its core a loss-of-control-discourse, which leads (in our students) to a latent eco-depression. Thus, the public understanding of science can be affected by unintended consequences of the talk itself (in this case an unintended environmental depression), that is, by the inherent characteristics of the involved repertoires, here especially the so-called folk science repertoire. Fostering public understanding of science is thus not merely a question of providing the public with scientific 'facts'. It is also an issue of paying attention to the available discursive repertoires. If necessary, viable alternative repertoires may have to be offered. In school, for example, conversations about the nature of science, and about complexity and applied ethics might help students learn new interpretive repertoires and how to mobilize these in talking about the environment and environmental protection. PMID:23832883

  16. Post-antibacterial effect of thymol.

    PubMed

    Zarrini, Gholamreza; Delgosha, Zahra Bahari; Moghaddam, Kamyar Mollazadeh; Shahverdi, Ahmad Reza

    2010-06-01

    The antibacterial activity of thymol has been well established and reported in the scientific literature. Continued suppression of bacterial growth following limited exposure to antimicrobial compounds at different concentrations greater than or equal to the minimum inhibitory concentration level (MIC) and at concentrations less than the MIC can be used as an indicator of biological activity, and are respectively referred to as a post-antibacterial effect (PAE) and a post-antibiotic sub-MIC effect (PA-SME). In this study, the PAE and the PA-SME of thymol against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Bacillus cereus were investigated. A spectrophotometric method was used to determine the PAE and the PA-SME of thymol against the selected test strains. Thymol exhibited a considerable PAE and PA-SME at MIC and sub-MIC concentrations against test strains. The greatest duration of both the PAE and the PA-SME was observed for thymol against E. coli and P. aeruginosa. The PAE and PA-SME times for E. coli were 12 and 8 h, respectively, and for P. aeruginosa were 11 and 7.5 h, respectively. The duration of the PAE and PA-SME observed for S. aureus and B. cereus was shorter than for Gram-negative strains. PMID:20645735

  17. Study of human sperm motility post cryopreservation

    PubMed Central

    Oberoi, Bhavni; Kumar, Sushil; Talwar, Pankaj

    2014-01-01

    Background Cryopreservation of spermatozoa is a widely used technique to preserve the fertility of males. It can also benefit the armed forces personnel who are to be sent for long recruitments, while leaving their families behind. This study, apart from studying the effects of freezing and thawing, reveals the effect of the post thaw interval on the motility of the human spermatozoa and thus widens the insemination window period. Methods A detailed semen analysis was carried out as per the WHO guidelines for 25 samples. The samples were then washed, analysed and frozen in liquid nitrogen. The semen samples were subsequently thawed and similarly analysed after 20 min and 40 min of thawing. This was then followed by statistical analysis of the comparative motilities. Results Motility of sperms is found to decrease after cryopreservation. However, the study revealed that after thawing a significant increase in the motility of the sperms was noted with the progression of time (p < 0.05). Conclusion By simulating conditions similar to the in vivo conditions for the post thaw semen samples, we can safely wait, confirm the parameters like motility and count, and then inseminate the samples instead of blindly inseminating them immediately after thawing. PMID:25382909

  18. Post mission life plan for FORMOSAT-2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chern, Jeng-Shing; Lin, Shin-Fa; Wu, An-Ming

    2011-04-01

    This paper presents the enhancement in mission operations, the mission life state-of-health (SOH) trending analysis, and the post mission life plan of the FORMOSAT-2 (or FS2, Formosa satellite #2, was called ROCSAT-2, or RS2, Republic of China satellite #2, previously) during its five years mission life from 20 May 2004 to 20 May 2009. There are two payloads onboard FS2: a remote sensing instrument (RSI) with nadir ground sampling distance (GSD) of 2 m for panchromatic (PAN) and GSD of 8 m for multi-spectral (MS, 4 bands) as the primary payload, and an imager for sprite and upper atmospheric lightning (ISUAL) as the secondary payload. It was launched on 20 May 2004. The design life is 7 years while the mission life is 5 years. In other words, the end of mission life date of FS2 is 20 May 2009. Generally speaking, FS2 is still at very good condition in its SOH. Post mission life plan for FS2 consists of: the practice of orbit transfer for global coverage and better resolution, the development of gyroless attitude control, and the method for life extension. It is expected that the working life of FS2 can be extended 3-5 years.

  19. Spherical tokamaks with plasma centre-post

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ribeiro, Celso

    2013-10-01

    The metal centre-post (MCP) in tokamaks is a structure which carries the total toroidal field current and also houses the Ohmic heating solenoid in conventional or low aspect ratio (Spherical)(ST) tokamaks. The MCP and solenoid are critical components for producing the toroidal field and for the limited Ohmic flux in STs. Constraints for a ST reactor related to these limitations lead to a minimum plasma aspect ratio of 1.4 which reduces the benefit of operation at higher betas in a more compact ST reactor. Replacing the MCP is of great interest for reactor-based ST studies since the device is simplified, compactness increased, and maintenance reduced. An experiment to show the feasibility of using a plasma centre-post (PCP) is being currently under construction and involves a high level of complexity. A preliminary study of a very simple PCP, which is ECR(Electron Cyclotron Resonance)-assisted and which includes an innovative fuelling system based on pellet injection, has recently been reported. This is highly suitable for an ultra-low aspect ratio tokamak (ULART) device. Advances on this PCP ECR-assisted concept within a ULART and the associated fuelling system are presented here, and will include the field topology for the PCP ECR-assisted scheme, pellet ablation modeling, and a possible global equilibrium simulation. VIE-ITCR, IAEA-CRP contr.17592, National Instruments-Costa Rica.

  20. Entrainment rates and microphysics in POST stratocumulus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gerber, H.; Frick, G.; Malinowski, Szymon P.; Jonsson, H.; Khelif, D.; Krueger, Steven K.

    2013-11-01

    An aircraft field study (POST; Physics of Stratocumulus Top) was conducted off the central California coast in July and August 2008 to deal with the known difficulty of measuring entrainment rates in the radiatively important stratocumulus (Sc) prevalent in that area. The Center for Interdisciplinary Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Studies Twin Otter research aircraft flew 15 quasi-Lagrangian flights in unbroken Sc and carried a full complement of probes including three high-data-rate probes: ultrafast temperature probe, particulate volume monitor probe, and gust probe. The probes' colocation near the nose of the Twin Otter permitted estimation of entrainment fluxes and rates with an in-cloud resolution of 1 m. Results include the following: Application of the conditional sampling variation of classical mixed layer theory for calculating the entrainment rate into cloud top for POST flights is shown to be inadequate for most of the Sc. Estimated rates resemble previous results after theory is modified to take into account both entrainment and evaporation at cloud top given the strong wind shear and mixing at cloud top. Entrainment rates show a tendency to decrease for large shear values, and the largest rates are for the smallest temperature jumps across the inversion. Measurements indirectly suggest that entrained parcels are primarily cooled by infrared flux divergence rather than cooling from droplet evaporation, while detrainment at cloud top causes droplet evaporation and cooling in the entrainment interface layer above cloud top.

  1. Physiological evaluation of gait disturbances post stroke.

    PubMed

    Lamontagne, Anouk; Stephenson, Jennifer L; Fung, Joyce

    2007-04-01

    A large proportion of stroke survivors have to deal with problems in mobility. Proper evaluations must be undertaken to understand the sensorimotor impairments underlying locomotor disorders post stroke, so that evidence-based interventions can be developed. The current electrophysiological, biomechanical, and imagery evaluations that provide insight into locomotor dysfunction post stroke, as well as their advantages and limitations, are reviewed in this paper. In particular, electrophysiological evaluations focus on the contrast of electromyographic patterns and integrity of spinal reflex pathways during perturbed and unperturbed locomotion between persons with stroke and healthy individuals. At a behavioral level, biomechanical evaluations that include temporal distance factors, kinematic and kinetic analyses, as well as the mechanical energy and metabolic cost, are useful when combined with electrophysiological measures for the interpretation of gait disturbances that are related to the control of the central nervous system or secondary to biomechanical constraints. Finally, current methods in imaging and transcranial magnetic stimulation can provide further insight into cortical control of locomotion and the integrity of the corticospinal pathways. PMID:17307395

  2. Post-inflationary gravitino production revisited

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ellis, John; Garcia, Marcos A. G.; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V.; Olive, Keith A.; Peloso, Marco

    2016-03-01

    We revisit gravitino production following inflation. As a first step, we review the standard calculation of gravitino production in the thermal plasma formed at the end of post-inflationary reheating when the inflaton has completely decayed. Next we consider gravitino production prior to the completion of reheating, assuming that the inflaton decay products thermalize instantaneously while they are still dilute. We then argue that instantaneous thermalization is in general a good approximation, and also show that the contribution of non-thermal gravitino production via the collisions of inflaton decay products prior to thermalization is relatively small. Our final estimate of the gravitino-to-entropy ratio is approximated well by a standard calculation of gravitino production in the post-inflationary thermal plasma assuming total instantaneous decay and thermalization at a time t simeq 1.2/Γphi. Finally, in light of our calculations, we consider potential implications of upper limits on the gravitino abundance for models of inflation, with particular attention to scenarios for inflaton decays in supersymmetric Starobinsky-like models.

  3. Post-analysis of learned rules

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Bing; Hsu, W.

    1996-12-31

    Rule induction research implicitly assumes that after producing the rules from a dataset, these rules will be used directly by an expert system or a human user. In real-life applications, the situation may not be as simple as that, particularly, when the user of the rules is a human being. The human user almost always has some previous concepts or knowledge about the domain represented by the dataset. Naturally, he/she wishes to know how the new rules compare with his/her existing knowledge. In dynamic domains where the rules may change over time, it is important to know what the changes are. These aspects of research have largely been ignored in the past. With the increasing use of machine learning techniques in practical applications such as data mining, this issue of post analysis of rules warrants greater emphasis and attention. In this paper, we propose a technique to deal with this problem. A system has been implemented to perform the post analysis of classification rules generated by systems such as C4.5. The proposed technique is general and highly interactive. It will be particularly useful in data mining and data analysis.

  4. Post Vietnam syndrome: neurosis or sociosis?

    PubMed

    Fleming, R H

    1985-05-01

    Recently released figures from the Veterans Administration on the number of Vietnam veterans who have been granted service connection in their claims for post-traumatic stress disorder appear to be astonishingly low, given the publicity that the media and mental health professionals have placed on this diagnosis in recent years. As of the summer of 1984, only slightly more than 7,000 Vietnam veteran cases had been approved by VA rating boards. A conservative popular estimate is that half a million Vietnam veterans are alleged to suffer from this neurosis, which is largely attributable to combat-related experiences. This gross discrepancy raises many serious questions about the appropriate use of the clinical diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder. The point of contention is not the legitimacy of the diagnosis, but the abuse and misuse of the term for personal or political purposes to explain the dilemma of the Vietnam veteran in contemporary America. The traditional psychodynamic content of clinical psychology needs to be integrated with an analysis of the impact of social, political, historical, economic, and philosophical forces on individual and group dynamics. The objective of this paper is to examine those forces, the social and historical conditions in particular, which have contributed to the origin, development, and prolongation of readjustment difficulties for Vietnam veterans. PMID:3991821

  5. Databases post-processing in Tensoral

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dresselhaus, Eliot

    1994-01-01

    The Center for Turbulent Research (CTR) post-processing effort aims to make turbulence simulations and data more readily and usefully available to the research and industrial communities. The Tensoral language, introduced in this document and currently existing in prototype form, is the foundation of this effort. Tensoral provides a convenient and powerful protocol to connect users who wish to analyze fluids databases with the authors who generate them. In this document we introduce Tensoral and its prototype implementation in the form of a user's guide. This guide focuses on use of Tensoral for post-processing turbulence databases. The corresponding document - the Tensoral 'author's guide' - which focuses on how authors can make databases available to users via the Tensoral system - is currently unwritten. Section 1 of this user's guide defines Tensoral's basic notions: we explain the class of problems at hand and how Tensoral abstracts them. Section 2 defines Tensoral syntax for mathematical expressions. Section 3 shows how these expressions make up Tensoral statements. Section 4 shows how Tensoral statements and expressions are embedded into other computer languages (such as C or Vectoral) to make Tensoral programs. We conclude with a complete example program.

  6. POST-PROCESSING ANALYSIS FOR THC SEEPAGE

    SciTech Connect

    Y. SUN

    2004-09-29

    This report describes the selection of water compositions for the total system performance assessment (TSPA) model of results from the thermal-hydrological-chemical (THC) seepage model documented in ''Drift-Scale THC Seepage Model'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169856]). The selection has been conducted in accordance with ''Technical Work Plan for: Near-Field Environment and Transport: Coupled Processes (Mountain-Scale TH/THC/THM, Drift-Scale THC Seepage, and Post-Processing Analysis for THC Seepage) Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171334]). This technical work plan (TWP) was prepared in accordance with AP-2.27Q, ''Planning for Science Activities''. Section 1.2.3 of the TWP describes planning information pertaining to the technical scope, content, and management of this report. The post-processing analysis for THC seepage (THC-PPA) documented in this report provides a methodology for evaluating the near-field compositions of water and gas around a typical waste emplacement drift as these relate to the chemistry of seepage, if any, into the drift. The THC-PPA inherits the conceptual basis of the THC seepage model, but is an independently developed process. The relationship between the post-processing analysis and other closely related models, together with their main functions in providing seepage chemistry information for the Total System Performance Assessment for the License Application (TSPA-LA), are illustrated in Figure 1-1. The THC-PPA provides a data selection concept and direct input to the physical and chemical environment (P&CE) report that supports the TSPA model. The purpose of the THC-PPA is further discussed in Section 1.2. The data selection methodology of the post-processing analysis (Section 6.2.1) was initially applied to results of the THC seepage model as presented in ''Drift-Scale THC Seepage Model'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169856]). Other outputs from the THC seepage model (DTN: LB0302DSCPTHCS.002 [DIRS 161976]) used in the P&CE (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169860], Section 6.6) were also subjected to the same initial selection. The present report serves as a full documentation of this selection and also provides additional analyses in support of the choice of waters selected for further evaluation in ''Engineered Barrier System: Physical and Chemical Environment'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169860], Section 6.6). The work scope for the studies presented in this report is described in the TWP (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171334]) and other documents cited above and can be used to estimate water and gas compositions near waste emplacement drifts. Results presented in this report were submitted to the Technical Data Management System (TDMS) under specific data tracking numbers (DTNs) as listed in Appendix A. The major change from previous selection of results from the THC seepage model is that the THC-PPA now considers data selection in space around the modeled waste emplacement drift, tracking the evolution of pore-water and gas-phase composition at the edge of the dryout zone around the drift. This post-processing analysis provides a scientific background for the selection of potential seepage water compositions.

  7. Atmospheric models for post- giant impact planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lupu, R.; Zahnle, K. J.; Marley, M. S.; Schaefer, L. K.; Fegley, B.; Morley, C.; Cahoy, K.; Freedman, R. S.; Fortney, J. J.

    2013-12-01

    The final assembly of terrestrial planets is now universally thought to have occurred through a series of giant impacts, such as Earth's own Moon-forming impact. These collisions take place over a time interval of about 100 million years, during which time it takes at least 10 collisions between planets to make a Venus or an Earth. In the aftermath of one of these collisions the surviving planet is hot, and can remain hot for millions of years. During this phase of accretion, the proto-terrestrial planet may have a dense steam atmosphere, that will affect both the cooling of the planet and our ability to detect it. Here we explore the atmospheric chemistry, photochemistry, and spectral signatures of post-giant-impact terrestrial planets enveloped by thick atmospheres consisting of vaporized rock material. The atmospheric chemistry is computed self-consistently for atmospheres in equilibrium with hot surfaces, with compositions reflecting either the bulk silicate Earth (BSE, which includes the crust, mantle, atmosphere and oceans) or Earth's continental crust (CC). These two cases allow us to examine differences in atmospheres formed by outgassing of silica-rich (felsic) rocks - like the Earth's continental crust - and MgO- and FeO-rich (mafic) rocks - like the BSE. Studies of detrital zircons from Jack Hills, Australia, show that the continental crust existed 164 million years after the formation of the solar system, in which case the material vaporized in a giant impact should likely reflect the CC composition. However, if at the time of impact the surface of the planet does not yet exhibit the formation of continents, then the BSE case becomes relevant. We compute atmospheric profiles for surface temperatures ranging from 1000 to 2200 K, surface pressures of 10 and 100 bar, and surface gravities of 10 and 30 m/s^2. We account for all major molecular and atomic opacity sources, including collision-induced absorption, to derive the atmospheric structure and compute the reflected and emergent flux. We find that these atmospheres are dominated by H2O and CO2, while the formation of CH4, and NH3 is quenched due to short dynamical timescales. Other important constituents are HF, HCl, NaCl, and SO2. These are apparent in the emerging spectra, and can be indicative that an impact has occurred. Estimates including photochemistry and vertical mixing show that these atmospheres are enhanced in sulfur-bearing species, particularly SO2, one of the most important absorbers. At this stage we do not address cloud formation and aerosol opacity. Estimated luminosities for post-impact planets, although lower than predicted by previous models, show that the hottest post-giant-impact planets will be detectable with the planned 30 m-class telescopes. Finally, we use the models to describe the cooling of a post-impact terrestrial planet and briefly investigate its time evolution, which ends as the planet transitions into a more conventional steam atmosphere runaway greenhouse. This calculation brings a significant improvement over previous runaway greenhouse models, by including additional opacity sources and comprehensive line lists for H2O and CO2. We find that the cooling timescale for post-giant impact Earths ranges between about 10^5 and 10^6 years, where the slower cooling is associated with the planet going through a runaway greenhouse stage.

  8. Mechanics of post-cam engagement during simulated dynamic activity

    PubMed Central

    Fitzpatrick, Clare K; Clary, Chadd W; Cyr, Adam J; Maletsky, Lorin P; Rullkoetter, Paul J

    2013-01-01

    Posterior-stabilized (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) components employ a tibial post and femoral cam mechanism to guide anteroposterior knee motion in lieu of the posterior cruciate ligament. Some PS TKA patients report a clicking sensation when the post and cam engage, while severe wear and fracture of the post; we hypothesize that these complications are associated with excessive impact velocity at engagement. We evaluated the effect of implant design on engagement dynamics of the post-cam mechanism and resulting polyethylene stresses during dynamic activity. In vitro simulation of a knee bend activity was performed for four cadaveric specimens implanted with PS TKA components. Post-cam engagement velocity and flexion angle at initial contact were determined. The experimental data were used to validate computational predictions of PS mechanics using the same loading conditions. A lower limb model was subsequently utilized to compare engagement mechanics of eight TKA designs, relating differences between implants to geometric design features. Flexion angle and post-cam velocity at engagement demonstrated considerable ranges among designs (2389, and 0.050.22?mm/, respectively). Post-cam velocity was correlated (r?=?0.89) with tibiofemoral condylar design features. Condylar geometry, in addition to post-cam geometry, played a significant role in minimizing engagement velocity and forces and stresses in the post. This analysis guides selection and design of PS implants that facilitate smooth post-cam engagement and reduce edge loading of the post. PMID:23606458

  9. A survey of failed post-retained restorations

    PubMed Central

    Sahafi, A.; Asmussen, E.

    2007-01-01

    Survival of endodontically treated, post-restored teeth depends on a multitude of factors, all of which are practically impossible to include in a randomized, controlled clinical study. The purpose of this survey was to characterize and analyze reported failures of post-retained restorations to identify factors critical to failure and to type of failure. A questionnaire was mailed to private practitioners in Denmark with a request to complete the questionnaire whenever a patient presented with a failed post-retained restoration. Information was gathered on factors related to the patient, the tooth, the restorative materials, and the techniques. Two-hundred and sixty questionnaires were collected from 171 practitioners over a 3-year period. Functioning time until failure varied between 3 months and 38 years. Mean survival time until failure was 11 years. Of the failed restorations, 61% had functioned for 10 years or less. Fracture of the tooth was the most common type of failure reported, followed by loosening of the post and fracture of the post. Tapered posts implied an increased risk of tooth fracture compared to loosening or fracture of the post, and the relative risk of tooth fracture increased with the functioning time until failure. Fracture of the post was more common among male than female patients. On the basis of this survey of failed post-retained restorations, it was concluded that tapered posts were associated with a higher risk of tooth fracture than were parallel-sided posts. PMID:17636353

  10. Dental fiber-post resin base material: a review

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Chun; Zhang, Fu-qiang

    2014-01-01

    Teeth that have short clinical crown, which are not alone enough to support the definitive restoration can be best treated using the post and core system. The advantages of fiber post over conventional metallic post materials have led to its wide acceptance. In addition to that the combination of aesthetic and mechanical benefits of fiber post has provided it with a rise in the field of dentistry. Also the results obtained from some clinical trials have encouraged the clinicians to use the fiber posts confidently. Fiber posts are manufactured from pre-stretched fibers impregnated within a resin matrix. The fibers could that be of carbon, glass/silica, and quartz, whereas Epoxy and bis-GMA are the most widely used resin bases. But recently studies are also found to be going on for polyimide as possible material for the fiber post resin base as a substitute for the conventional materials. PMID:24605208

  11. MARS Science Laboratory Post-Landing Location Estimation Using Post2 Trajectory Simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, J. L.; Shidner, Jeremy D.; Way, David W.

    2013-01-01

    The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity rover landed safely on Mars August 5th, 2012 at 10:32 PDT, Earth Received Time. Immediately following touchdown confirmation, best estimates of position were calculated to assist in determining official MSL locations during entry, descent and landing (EDL). Additionally, estimated balance mass impact locations were provided and used to assess how predicted locations compared to actual locations. For MSL, the Program to Optimize Simulated Trajectories II (POST2) was the primary trajectory simulation tool used to predict and assess EDL performance from cruise stage separation through rover touchdown and descent stage impact. This POST2 simulation was used during MSL operations for EDL trajectory analyses in support of maneuver decisions and imaging MSL during EDL. This paper presents the simulation methodology used and results of pre/post-landing MSL location estimates and associated imagery from Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter s (MRO) High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera. To generate these estimates, the MSL POST2 simulation nominal and Monte Carlo data, flight telemetry from onboard navigation, relay orbiter positions from MRO and Mars Odyssey and HiRISE generated digital elevation models (DEM) were utilized. A comparison of predicted rover and balance mass location estimations against actual locations are also presented.

  12. [Psychosocial treatment of psychological post trauma in post-conflict countries].

    PubMed

    Liscia, T; Milleliri, J

    2011-04-01

    Violence and armed conflict situations besetting numerous developing countries inflict a heavy toll on populations, especially in terms of posttraumatic mental disorders. In addition to upsetting the well-being and psychic balance of people, violent political instability prevents development of the country as a whole not only economically but also individually and socially. After being confronted with this reality for years, humanitarian workers have implemented actions aimed at treating and helping traumatized people to recover their mental health as a first step to achieving effective and durable development. However, despite the availability of effective low-cost treatment for post-traumatic mental disorders, officials in developing countries as well as in international organizations continue to ignore or neglect this crucial issue. This article is based on a study carried out by "Crisis prevention and post-conflict unit" of the Agence Française de Développement. The purpose is to underline the need and describe available methods for management of post-traumatic stress disorders in populations of post-conflict countries, as prerequisite for sustainable reconstruction and development. PMID:21695886

  13. Post-Polio Directory 2014: Post-Polio Clinics, Health Professionals, Support Groups

    MedlinePlus

    ... org.au Mornington Peninsula Post-Polio Support Group Frances Henke Mornington, Victoria fhenke@bigpond.net.au Polio ... 00520 Helsinki (09) 686 0990, www.polioliitto.com FRANCE–Health Professionals Dr. Vincent Tiffreau Service de Médecine ...

  14. Positivists, Post-Positivists, Post-Structuralists, and Post-Modernists: Why Can't We All Get Along? Towards a Framework for Unifying Research Paradigms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

    Since the latter part of the 19th century, a fervent debate has ensued about quantitative and qualitative research paradigms. From these disputes, purists have emerged on both sides. Quantitative purists express assumptions that are consistent with a positivist philosophy, whereas qualitative purists (i.e., post-positivists, post-structuralists,…

  15. Pectoralis Major Tendon Repair Post Surgical Rehabilitation

    PubMed Central

    Prohaska, Dan

    2007-01-01

    Pectoralis major tendon rupture is a rare shoulder injury, most commonly seen in weight lifters. This injury is being seen more regularly due to the increased emphasis on healthy lifestyles. Surgical repair of the pectoralis major tendon rupture has been shown to provide superior outcomes regarding strength return. Thus it appears that surgical repair is the treatment of choice for those wishing to return to competitive or recreational athletic activity. This article describes the history and physical examination process for the athlete with pectoralis tendon major rupture. Surgical vs conservative treatment will be discussed. This manuscript provides post surgical treatment guidelines that can be followed after surgical repair of the pectoralis tendon rupture. PMID:21522200

  16. Problems in defining post-exertional malaise.

    PubMed

    Jason, Leonard A; Evans, Meredyth; So, Suzanna; Scott, Jilian; Brown, Abigail

    2015-01-01

    Post-exertional malaise (PEM) is a cardinal symptom of the illnesses referred to as Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS), and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). PEM is reported to occur in many of these patients, and with several criteria (e.g., ME and ME/CFS), this symptom is mandatory (Carruthers et al., 2003 , 2011 ). In the present study, 32 participants diagnosed with CFS (Fukuda et al., 1994 ) were examined on their responses to self-report items that were developed to capture the characteristics and patterns of PEM. As shown in the results, the slight differences in wording for various items may affect whether one is determined to have PEM according to currently used self-report criteria to assess CFS. Better understanding of how this symptom is assessed might help improve the diagnostic reliability and validity of ME, ME/CFS, and CFS. PMID:25584525

  17. Post irradiation effects (PIE) in integrated circuits

    SciTech Connect

    Shaw, D.C.; Lowry, L.; Barnes, C.; Zakharia, M.; Agarwal, S.; Rax, B. )

    1991-12-01

    Post Irradiation Effects (PIE) ranging from normal recovery to catastrophic failure have been observed in integrated circuits during the PIE period. Data presented show failure due to rebound after a 10 krad(Si) dose. In particular, five device types are investigated with varying PIE response. Special attention has been given to the HI1-507A analog multiplexer because its PIE response is extreme. X-ray diffraction has been uniquely employed to measure physical stress in the HI1-507A metallization. An attempt has been made to show a relationship between stress relaxation and radiation effects. All data presented in this paper support the current Method 1019.4 but demonstrate the importance of performing PIE measurements, even when mission doses are as low as 10 krad(Si).

  18. Post pulse shutter for laser amplifier

    DOEpatents

    Bradley, Laird P. [Livermore, CA; Carder, Bruce M. [Antioch, CA; Gagnon, William L. [Berkeley, CA

    1981-03-17

    Apparatus and method for quickly closing off the return path for an amplified laser pulse at the output of an amplifier so as to prevent damage to amplifiers and other optical components appearing earlier in the chain by the return of an amplified pulse. The apparatus consists of a fast retropulse or post pulse shutter to suppress target reflection and/or beam return. This is accomplished by either quickly placing a solid across the light transmitting aperture of a component in the chain, such as a spatial filter pinhole, or generating and directing a plasma with sufficiently high density across the aperture, so as to, in effect, close the aperture to the returning amplified energy pulse.

  19. Post pulse shutter for laser amplifier

    DOEpatents

    Bradley, L.P.; Carder, B.M.; Gagnon, W.L.

    1981-03-17

    Disclosed are an apparatus and method for quickly closing off the return path for an amplified laser pulse at the output of an amplifier so as to prevent damage to amplifiers and other optical components appearing earlier in the chain by the return of an amplified pulse. The apparatus consists of a fast retropulse or post pulse shutter to suppress target reflection and/or beam return. This is accomplished by either quickly placing a solid across the light transmitting aperture of a component in the chain, such as a spatial filter pinhole, or generating and directing a plasma with sufficiently high density across the aperture, so as to, in effect, close the aperture to the returning amplified energy pulse. 13 figs.

  20. CHP at Post Street in Downtown Seattle

    SciTech Connect

    Gent, Stan

    2012-04-12

    The Post Street project had four (4), 7.960 MW, Solar Taurus-70-10801S natural gas combustion turbines. Each turbine equipped with a 40,000 lb/hr heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The dual-fuel HRSGs was capable of generating steam using gas turbine exhaust heat or surplus electric power. The generation capacity was nominally rated at 29.2 MW. The project as proposed had a fuel rate chargeable to power of 4,900 - 5,880 Btu/kWh dependent on time of year. The CHP plant, when operating at 29.2 MW, can recycle turbine exhaust into supply 145 kpph of steam to SSC per hour. The actual SSC steam loads will vary based on weather, building occupation, plus additions / reductions of customer load served. SSC produces up to 80 kpph of steam from a biomass boiler, which is currently base loaded all year.

  1. Thermal instability in post-flare plasmas

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Antiochos, S. K.

    1976-01-01

    The cooling of post-flare plasmas is discussed and the formation of loop prominences is explained as due to a thermal instability. A one-dimensional model was developed for active loop prominences. Only the motion and heat fluxes parallel to the existing magnetic fields are considered. The relevant size scales and time scales are such that single-fluid MHD equations are valid. The effects of gravity, the geometry of the field and conduction losses to the chromosphere are included. A computer code was constructed to solve the model equations. Basically, the system is treated as an initial value problem (with certain boundary conditions at the chromosphere-corona transition region), and a two-step time differencing scheme is used.

  2. STS-114: Discovery Post MMT Briefing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Wayne Hale, Space Shuttle Deputy Program Manager and Steve Poulos, Manager Orbit Project Office at Johnson Space Center is seen during a post Mission Management Team (MMT) briefing. The purpose of this briefing is to talk about the status of the Space Shuttle Discovery Orbiter, the Thermal Protection System (TPS) and the External Tank. Hale presents pictures of the missing foam off of the Hydrogen Protuberance Air Load (PAL) ramp and trajectory debris particles. Poulos explains in detail diagrams of the reinforced carbon-carbon system, possible scuff on the wing panel, coating damage, protruding gap filler and damaged tile blanket. Poulos tells what concerns him the most in terms of tile damage to the Space Shuttle Discovery.

  3. Mechanisms of post-flight orthostatic intolerance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blomqvist, C. G.; Buckey, J. C.; Gaffney, F. A.; Lane, L. D.; Levine, B. D.; Watenpaugh, D. E.

    1994-01-01

    Post-flight orthostatic intolerance is a dramatic physiological consequence of human adaptation to microgravity made inappropriate by a sudden return to 1-G. The immediate mechanism is almost always a failure to maintain adequate tissue perfusion, specifically perfusion of the central nervous system, but vestibular dysfunction may occasionally be the primary cause. Orthostatic intolerance is present in a wide range of clinical disorders of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. The intolerance that is produced by spaceflight and 1-G analogs (bed rest, head-down tilt at a moderate angle, water immersion) is different from its clinical counterparts by being only transiently present in subjects who otherwise have normal cardiovascular and regulatory systems. However, the same set of basic pathophysiological elements should be considered in the analysis of any form of orthostatic intolerance.

  4. STS-114: Discovery Post MMT Briefing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Wayne Hale, Space Shuttle Deputy Program Manager, is presented in this STS-114 Discovery Post Mission Management Team (MMT) briefing. He begins by talking about obtaining clearance from the Reinforced Carbon-Carbon (RCC) material. He then describes the supplies such as eleven water containers and the transfer of 50 additional pounds of Oxygen to the International Space Station. Hale presents a video of a billowed thermal blanket next to the commander's window on the port side of the Space Shuttle Discovery that seems to be of some concern. He answers questions from the news media about the dimensions of this blanket, and the dangers of getting close to this blanket during the Extravehicular Activity (EVA) to repair the gap fillers.

  5. Problems in Defining Post-Exertional Malaise

    PubMed Central

    Jason, Leonard A.; Evans, Meredyth; So, Suzanna; Scott, Jilian; Brown, Abigail

    2015-01-01

    Post-Exertional Malaise (PEM) is a cardinal symptom of the illnesses referred to as Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS), and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). PEM is reported to occur in many of these patients, and with several criteria (e.g., ME and ME/CFS), this symptom is mandatory (Carruthers et al., 2003, 2011). In the present study, 32 participants diagnosed with CFS (Fukuda et al., 1994) were examined on their responses to self-report items that were developed to capture the characteristics and patterns of PEM. As shown in the results, the slight differences in wording for various items may affect whether one is determined to have PEM according to currently used self-report criteria to assess CFS. Better understanding of how this symptom is assessed might help improve the diagnostic reliability and validity of ME, ME/CFS, and CFS. PMID:25584525

  6. Post-breast cancer. Lymphedema: part 1.

    PubMed

    Fu, Mei R; Ridner, Sheila H; Armer, Jane

    2009-07-01

    Lymphedema, which can be a debilitating sequela to breast cancer treatment, is characterized by an abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder, breast, or thoracic area. It may appear gradually or suddenly, and although it usually develops within three years of a breast cancer diagnosis, it can arise much later; survivors remain at lifetime risk. The condition can cause physical discomfort and pain, impaired function, and emotional distress. It's imperative that survivors' risk of lymphedema be reduced and that those who develop it receive help to manage it. Part 1 of this two-part article describes post-breast cancer lymphedema and discusses its diagnosis and measurement. Part 2 (next month) will discuss risk reduction, treatment, and implications for nurses. PMID:19546644

  7. Clinical Features of Post-Traumatic Syringomyelia

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Hyun Gon; Oh, Han San; Kim, Tae Wan

    2014-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical manifestations, radiological findings, treatment results, and clinical significance of post-traumatic syringomyelia (PTS). Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of nine surgical patients with symptomatic PTS between 1992 and 2012. Results The most common clinical manifestation was development of new motor weakness. The mean interval between the initial injury and the onset of new symptoms 21.9 years. The mean length of the syringes observed on preoperative magnetic resonance images was 7.8 spinal levels. Shunting procedures were performed in five patients. Four patients underwent arachnoidolysis and duraplasty. Patients developed mechanical shunt failure. Postoperatively, one patient showed clinical improvement, four patients were stable, and four patients showed deterioration. Conclusion PTS is a disabling sequelae of spinal cord injury, which develops months to years after spinal injury. We have to consider that patients with PTS may have poor long-term outcome.

  8. Electrochemical post-functionalization of conducting polymers.

    PubMed

    Inagi, Shinsuke; Fuchigami, Toshio

    2014-05-01

    This article summarizes recent progress in the post-functionalization of conjugated polymers by electrochemical methods. These electrochemical polymer reactions typically proceed via electrochemical doping of a conjugated polymer film, followed by chemical transformation. Examples include the quantitative oxidative fluorination of polyfluorenes and oxidative halogenation of polythiophenes, as well as the reductive hydrogenation of polyfluorenones. The degree of functionalization, otherwise known as the reaction ratio, can be controlled by varying the charge passed through the polymer, allowing the optoelectronic properties of the conjugated polymers to be tailored. Wireless bipolar electrodes with an in-plane potential distribution are also useful with regard to the electrochemical doping and reaction of conjugated polymers and allow the synthesis of films exhibiting composition gradients. Such bipolar electrochemistry can induce multiple reaction sites during electrochemical polymer reactions. PMID:24590504

  9. Post-Operative Capsular Opacification: A Review

    PubMed Central

    Raj, Shetal M.; Vasavada, Abhay R.; Johar, S. R. Kaid; Vasavada, Vaishali A.; Vasavada, Viraj A.

    2007-01-01

    Post-operative capsular opacification is a multifactorial physiological consequence of cataract surgery. Opacification involving the central posterior capsule has a significant impact on high and low contrast acuity and low contrast sensitivity. The assessment of Posterior Capsule Opacification (PCO) on cadaver eyes, experimental studies, culture models and in clinical studies has provided an understanding of its pathogenesis. The proliferation, migration and abnormal differentiation of residual lens epithelial cells and fibers in the capsular bag have been implicated in the pathogenesis of PCO. The incidence and severity of PCO correlates to the meticulous use of surgical techniques, IOL optic edge designs and IOL materials. This article summarizes the clinical studies with recommendations for retarding the development of central PCO. It discusses experiments with pharmacological agents broadly categorized as anti-inflammatory, immuno-modulating, antiproliferative, antiadhering, antitransdifferentiating agents for the prevention of PCO. These studies will remain critical for future endeavors undertaken for eradication of PCO. PMID:23675049

  10. Post irradiation effects (PIE) in integrated circuits

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shaw, D. C.; Lowry, L.; Barnes, C.; Zakharia, M.; Agarwal, S.; Rax, B.

    1991-01-01

    Post-irradiation effects (PIE) ranging from normal recovery to catastrophic failure have been observed in integrated circuits during the PIE period. Data presented show failure due to rebound after a 10 krad(Si) dose. In particular, five device types are investigated with varying PIE response. Special attention has been given to the HI1-507A analog multiplexer because its PIE response is extreme. X-ray diffraction has been uniquely employed to measure physical stress in the HI1-507A metallization. An attempt has been made to show a relationship between stress relaxation and radiation effects. All data presented support the current MIL-STD Method 1019.4 but demonstrate the importance of performing PIE measurements, even when mission doses are as low as 10 krad(Si).

  11. [Post-polio syndrome - a case report].

    PubMed

    Pastuszak, Żanna; Tomczykiewicz, Kazimierz; Stępień, Adam

    2015-07-01

    Post-polio syndrome occurs 30-40 years after polio virus infection. The main symptoms of PPS are slowly progressive muscle limbs paresis with muscle atrophy, joints pain, paresthesia. In 90% of patients the main symptom is fatigue that leads to physical and mental activity deterioration. The cause of disease remains unknown. Probably it is an effect of motoneurons damage during acute virus polio infection, their overloading and degeneration of remaining ones. In this study we described a case of man who developed PPS 36 years after Heine-Medin disease. The main symptom was intensification of right limb paresis and muscle atrophy. In electromyography there were damage features of muscle clinically affected and unaffected. Changes in lifestyle made possible to continue occupational activity. PMID:26277176

  12. Training in Post-authorization Pharmacovigilance

    PubMed Central

    Ahuja, Vivek; Sharma, Varun

    2010-01-01

    Post-authorization pharmacovigilance refers to all the activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects or any other drug-related problems, from the time a product gets the authorization to be marketed in a territory. The ultimate objective of pharmacovigilance is patient safety. To ensure this, any responsible pharmaceutical company will readily vouch for the importance of all these activities, each requiring specific training for efficient and effective execution. Having a well planned job specific training curriculum can help the organization realize its goals and objectives by covering the gaps between current and desired job performance levels and existing competencies of its employees. Apart from this, trainings can help in problem solving, increasing productivity and prepare for and respond to future changes in the organization or job duties. As the pharmaceutical business continues to grow, increasing numbers of skilled people are required to manage resultant increase in pharmacovigilance activities to remain compliant. Thus, the need for training qualified resources to develop into highly skilled pharmacovigilance professionals is the need of the hour. Currently, the supply-demand situation for skilled manpower is highly skewed in favor of the demand, as this field is relatively new in India and elsewhere. It is interesting to note that not many resources, be it internet, literature or books, are available specifically addressing the need of the industry to guide them on training requirements to set up and maintain a competent pharmacovigilance department. This article aims to present a comprehensive perspective on the trainings required in the post authorization scenario pertaining to pharmacovigilance activities and suggest ways to manage these in an efficient way so as to be compliant with the global norms and best practices. PMID:21829787

  13. Restarting the tuberculosis programme post-Haiyan

    PubMed Central

    Vianzon, Rosalind; Garfin, Anna Marie Celina; Hall, Julie Lyn

    2015-01-01

    Problem Typhoon Haiyan damaged or destroyed health infrastructure, equipment and services essential to the Philippine National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP), and it had to be re-established in the affected areas in Regions 6, 7 and 8. Continuing treatment and restoring diagnostic capacity were also challenging. Context The Philippines has one of the highest tuberculosis (TB) burdens in the world. At the time of Typhoon Haiyan, there were an estimated 26 600 TB cases on treatment at directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) centres and 356 multidrug-resistant TB cases registered at programmatic management of drug-resistant TB (PMDT) sites. As TB was not included in the Philippines early-warning post-disaster surveillance system, tracking TB patients was difficult after Haiyan. Actions and outcomes Immediately following Haiyan, each aspect of the NTP was assessed to determine the extent of damage. TB patients were traced and services restored. We created maps showing the location of temporary TB diagnostic and treatment services, which hastened referrals. We provided new laboratory equipment, training and rapid testing capabilities in the affected regions. All TB services in the affected areas (473 DOTS, 490 TB microscopy and six PMDT facilities) were restored just two months after Haiyan. Lessons learnt Key lessons learnt from the NTP experience following Tyhoon Haiyan were: (1) the importance of having an electronic TB registry (database); (2) the need to include TB in the post-disaster surveillance system; (3) clear guidelines for TB control in disasters; and (4) the importance of coordination with all partners. PMID:26767144

  14. Post Eruption Hazards at Mt. Pinatubo, Philippines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mouginis-Mark, Peter J.

    2004-01-01

    Our project focused on the investigation of the post-eruption hazards at Mt. Pinatubo (Philippines) using remote sensing data, and field observations of the 1991 eruption deposits. Through the use of multiple satellite images, field work, and the 1996/2000 PacRim data sets, we conducted studies of the co- and post-eruption hazards of the volcano due to erosion and re-deposition of the extensive pyroclastic flow deposits. A major part of this project was the assembly and analysis of a database of over 50 high resolution (1 - 50 m/pixel) images that will facilitate this study. We collected Ikonos, SPOT, SIR-C/X-SAR, Landsat, ERS, RADARSAT, and ASTER images of the area around Mt. Pinatubo. An example of the changes that could be seen in these data is shown. Our investigation focused on a retrospective analysis of the erosion, redeposition, and re-vegetation of the 1991 pyroclastic flow deposits of Mt. Pinatubo. The primary geologic goal of our work was the analysis of the spatial distribution and volume change of the sources and sinks of materials associated with mudflow ('lahar') events. This included the measurement of river valley gradients and cross-sections using TOPSAR digital elevation data, as we are participating in the PacRim 2000 deployment to the Philippines specifically so that we can collect a second set of TOPSAR data that can then be used to create a topographic difference image of the volcano. The main results from this multi-sensor study have been published as Torres et al.. A discussion of the methodology that we used to assemble an appropriate database was included in Mouginis-Mark and Domergue-Schmidt. As part of an educational outreach effort, we also helped the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) in the Philippines to use NASA data to study Mt. Pinatubo and other Filipino volcanoes.

  15. Randomness in post-selected events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Phuc Thinh, Le; de la Torre, Gonzalo; Bancal, Jean-Daniel; Pironio, Stefano; Scarani, Valerio

    2016-03-01

    Bell inequality violations can be used to certify private randomness for use in cryptographic applications. In photonic Bell experiments, a large amount of the data that is generated comes from no-detection events and presumably contains little randomness. This raises the question as to whether randomness can be extracted only from the smaller post-selected subset corresponding to proper detection events, instead of from the entire set of data. This could in principle be feasible without opening an analogue of the detection loophole as long as the min-entropy of the post-selected data is evaluated by taking all the information into account, including no-detection events. The possibility of extracting randomness from a short string has a practical advantage, because it reduces the computational time of the extraction. Here, we investigate the above idea in a simple scenario, where the devices and the adversary behave according to i.i.d. strategies. We show that indeed almost all the randomness is present in the pair of outcomes for which at least one detection happened. We further show that in some cases applying a pre-processing on the data can capture features that an analysis based on global frequencies only misses, thus resulting in the certification of more randomness. We then briefly consider non-i.i.d strategies and provide an explicit example of such a strategy that is more powerful than any i.i.d. one even in the asymptotic limit of infinitely many measurement rounds, something that was not reported before in the context of Bell inequalities.

  16. Rigidity and retention of ceramic root canal posts.

    PubMed

    Purton, D G; Love, R M; Chandler, N P

    2000-01-01

    Ceramic root-canal posts offer potential advantages over other types with respect to aesthetics and biocompatibility. Any post must be sufficiently rigid and retentive to withstand functional forces. Ceraposts (1.2 mm coronal diameter, ceramic, tapering, smooth posts) and Paraposts (1.25 mm, stainless-steel, parallel, serrated posts) were tested for rigidity by means of a three-point bending test. To test retention in roots, ceramic posts were cemented using one of three protocols: (1) glass-ionomer cement, (2) silane coupling agent and resin cement, or (3) sandblasted post surface, silane coupling agent, and resin cement. Stainless-steel posts were cemented with resin. The tensile force required to dislodge the posts, following four weeks of storage in water, was recorded. Data were compared using Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney U analysis. Ceraposts were significantly more rigid than Paraposts (p < 0.001). Paraposts cemented with resin were significantly more strongly retained than Ceraposts following any cementation protocol (p < 0.001). Retention of the ceramic posts was significantly greater with a silane coupling agent and resin cement than with glass-ionomer cement (p < 0.001). Sandblasting the ceramic posts produced variable results and needs further investigation before it could be recommended. PMID:11203820

  17. Stress Distribution in Roots Restored with Fiber Posts and An Experimental Dentin Post: 3D-FEA.

    PubMed

    Diana, Hugo Henrique; Oliveira, Juliana Santos; Ferro, Mariana Carolina de Lara; Silva-Sousa, Yara T Corrêa; Gomes, Érica Alves

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the stress distribution in radicular dentin of a maxillary canine restored with either a glass fiber post, carbon fiber post or an experimental dentin post using finite element analysis (3D-FEA). Three 3D virtual models of a maxillary canine restored with a metal-ceramic crown and glass fiber post (GFP), carbon fiber post (CFP), and experimental dentin post (DP) were obtained based on micro-CT images. A total of 180 N was applied on the lingual surface of the incisal third of each tooth at 45 degrees. The models were supported by the periodontal ligament fixed in three axes (x=y=z=0). The von Mises stress (VMS) of radicular dentin and the intracanal posts was calculated. The structures of all groups showed similar values (MPa) and distribution of maximum von Mises stress. Higher stress was found in the apical third of dentin while the posts presented homogeneous stress distribution along the axis. The fiber and dentin posts exhibited similar stress values and distribution. Thus, the experimental dentin post is a promising restorative material. PMID:27058388

  18. Post-primary science teachers' perceptions of primary science education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeans, Bruce; Farnsworth, Ian

    1993-12-01

    Post-primary science teachers in Victoria were asked to express views about primary science curriculum design and implementation. They were also asked about the value of continuity between primary and post-primary science education. The post-primary teachers generally had favourable attitudes to primary science education and considered that cooperation would be useful-though it is not common at the moment. However, the data revealed a considerable range of opinion. Post-primary science teachers' views about primary science curriculum are similar to those of primary teachers themselves, but many post-primary teachers would place more emphasis on formal or textbook knowledge. Post-primary teachers see a number of systemic problems in implementing primary science education but their positive perceptions suggest the value of encouraging more structured links. The notion of continuity across the two sectors was well supported.

  19. Post-stroke depression therapy: where are we now?

    PubMed

    Nabavi, Seyed Fazel; Turner, Alyna; Dean, Olivia; Sureda, Antoni; Mohammad, Seyed

    2014-01-01

    Post-stroke depression is an important psychological consequence of ischemic stroke, and affects around one third of stroke patients at any time post-stroke. It has a negative impact on patient morbidity and mortality, and as such development of effective post-stroke recognition and treatment strategies are very important. There are several therapeutic strategies for post-stroke depression, including both pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. In this review, we present evidence regarding the underlying biology of post-stroke depression, commonalities between post-stroke depression and Major Depressive Disorder and explore several treatment approaches, including antidepressant therapy, psychotherapy, surgical therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, acupuncture, music therapy and natural products. Further experimental and clinical studies are required, particularly in emerging fields such as the role of nutraceuticals in the treatment of stroke. PMID:24852795

  20. Optically Visible Post-AGB and Post-RGB Stars in the Magellanic Clouds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamath, D.; Wood, P. R.; Van Winckel, H.

    2015-08-01

    We have performed an extensive low-resolution (R ≍ 1300) optical spectral survey with the AAOmega multi-fiber spectrograph mounted on the 3.9-m Anglo Australian telescope, resulting in a clean and complete census of well-characterised post-AGB objects with spectroscopically determined stellar parameters - Teff, log g, [Fe/H] and E(B-V) - spanning a wide range in luminosity in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) and Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). The known distances to the Magellanic clouds enabled luminosity estimations for all the objects and led to one of the most important results of this survey: the serendipitous discovery of a group of new, low-luminosity, evolved, dusty post-RGB objects in both Clouds. In this paper, we present an overview of this survey and a few important results.

  1. Post fledging behavior of ferruginous hawks in North Dakota

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Konrad, P.M.; Gilmer, D.S.

    1986-01-01

    Post-fledging activities of 18 Ferruginous Hawks (Buteo regalis) were studied in southcentral North Dakota during July and August 1979. The post-fledging period ranged from 10 to 40 d (mean = 23.1 d; N = 16). Haylands and native prairie grasslands were the principal land use types utilized by fledglings and adults. Mortality of young during post-fledging was 11% (N = 2).

  2. Gravity: Newtonian, Post-Newtonian, and General Relativistic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Will, Clifford M.

    We present a pedagogical introduction to gravitational theory, with the main focus on weak gravitational fields. We begin with a thorough survey of Newtonian gravitational theory. After a brief introduction to general relativity, we develop the post-Minkowskian formulation of the field equations, which is ideally suited to studying weak-field gravity. We then discuss applications of this formulation, including post-Newtonian theory, the parametrized post-Newtonian framework, and gravitational radiation.

  3. Recent Shuttle Post Flight MMOD Inspection Highlights

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hyed, James L.; Christiansen, Eric L.; Lear, Dana M.; Herrin, Jason S.

    2009-01-01

    Post flight inspections on the Space Shuttle Atlantis conducted after the STS-11.5 mission revealed a 0.11 inch (2.8 mm) hole in the outer face sheet of the starboard payload bay door radiator panel #4. The payload bay door radiators in this region are 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) thick aluminum honeycomb with 0.011 in (0.279 mm) thick aluminum face sheets topped with 0.005 in (0.127 mm) silver-Teflon tape. Inner face sheet damage included a 0.267 in (6.78 mm) long through crack with measureable deformation in the area of 0.2 in (5.1 mm). There was also a 0.031 in (0.787 nun) diameter hole in the rear face sheet. A large approximately l in (25 mm) diameter region of honeycomb was also destroyed. Since the radiators are located on the inside of the shuttle payload bay doors which are closed during ascent and reentry, the damage could only have occurred during the on-orbit portion of the mission. During the August 2007 STS-118 mission to the International Space Station, a micro-meteoroid or orbital debris (MMOD) particle impacted and completely penetrated one of shuttle Endeavour's radiator panels and the underlying thermal control system (TCS) blanket, leaving deposits on (but no damage to) the payload bay door. While it is not unusual for shuttle orbiters to be impacted by small MMOD particles, the damage from this impact is larger than any previously seen on the shuttle radiator panels. One of the largest impacts ever observed on a crew module window occurred during the November 2008 STS-126 mission to the International Space Station. Damage to the window was documented by the crew on orbit. Post flight inspection revealed a 0.4 in (10.8 mm) crater in the window pane, with a depth of 0.03 in (0.76 mm). The window pane was replaced due to the damage caused by this impact. Analysis performed on residue contained in dental mold impressions taken of the site indicated that a meteoroid particle produced this large damage site. The post flight inspection after the subsequent mission, STS-119 in March of 2009, produced a large MMOD impact feature in a wing leading edge reinforced carbon-carbon panel. The crater measured 0.18 in (4.5 nun) in diameter and was nearly 0.037 in (0.93 nun) deep. The thickness of the silicon carbide coating that protects the carbon substrate is nominally 0.02 in (0.5 nun) to 0.04 in (1 mm), making this a significant impact into the RCC. The damage occurred on the upper surface of the panel, which experiences lower heat loads on re-entry. This poster will document the data collected from the impact sites and will include results of the Scanning Electron Microscope/Energy Dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDX) analysis. Evidence will be presented that suggests a source of the impacts.

  4. 32 CFR 637.5 - Off-post investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MILITARY POLICE INVESTIGATION Investigations § 637.5 Off-post investigations. (a... or personnel, the military police exercising area responsibility will request copies of the...

  5. 32 CFR 637.5 - Off-post investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MILITARY POLICE INVESTIGATION Investigations § 637.5 Off-post investigations. (a... or personnel, the military police exercising area responsibility will request copies of the...

  6. Post-cyclic transmission in Acanthocephalus tumescens (Acanthocephala: Echinorhynchidae).

    PubMed

    Rauque, Carlos A; Semenas, Liliana G; Viozzi, Gustavo P

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the post-cyclic transmission of Acanthocephalus tumescens (von Linstow, 1896) from Galaxias maculatus Jenyns to Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Wild G. maculatus naturally infected with A. tumescens were fed to cultured rainbow trout, which were sacrificed at the second, third and fourth weeks post infection. Normally attached male and female acanthocephalans were recovered alive from the intestine of rainbow trout. Parasites survive at least four weeks post infection, growing and attaining full sexual maturity. Prevalence and mean intensity generally decreased after infection. A. tumescens is the eighth acanthocephalan species in which post-cyclic transmission has been proven. PMID:12194485

  7. Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Operational ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Operational & Hangar Access Aprons, Spanning length of northeast half of Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  8. Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Blast ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Blast Deflector Fences, Northeast & Southwest sides of Operational Apron, Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  9. Guide to good practices for operator and postings

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-01

    This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Operator Aid Postings, Chapter XVII of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing operator aid postings. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Operator Aid Postings is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for controlling posted information to promote safe and efficient operations.

  10. New rain shed (Building No. 241) interior showing posts, braces, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    New rain shed (Building No. 241) interior showing posts, braces, and roof structure. - Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Water Collection System, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Volcano, Hawaii County, HI

  11. 23. First floor, staircase, detail of newel post Veterans ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. First floor, staircase, detail of newel post - Veterans Administration Center, Officers Duplex Quarters, 5302 East Kellogg (Legal Address); 5500 East Kellogg (Common Address), Wichita, Sedgwick County, KS

  12. Treatment of Autonomous Hyperparathyroidism in Post Renal Transplant Recipients

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2015-12-23

    Chronic Allograft Nephropathy; Chronic Kidney Disease; Chronic Renal Failure; Disordered Mineral Metabolism; End Stage Renal Disease; Hyperparathyroidism; Hypophosphatemia; Kidney Disease; Kidney Transplantation; Post Renal Transplantation

  13. Effect of eugenol-containing sealer and post diameter on the retention of fiber reinforced composite posts

    PubMed Central

    Izadi, Alireza; Azarsina, Mohadese; Kasraei, Shahin

    2013-01-01

    Background: Fiber reinforced composite (FRC) posts are cemented with resin cements. It is reported that using resin cements in canals sealed with eugenol-containing sealers reduces the post retention. However, there is controversy on the subject. Aims: The aim was to investigate the influence of eugenol-containing sealers and the amount of dentin removal from root canal with different post diameters on retention of FRC posts. Settings and Design: It was an in vitro study Materials and Methods: The roots of sixty teeth were cut with 14 mm distance from the apex and were instrumented to the working-length of 13 mm. The teeth were randomly distributed into 2 groups (n = 30). Following storage in normal saline for 7 days, the samples in both the groups were further divided into 3 subgroups (n = 10). Canals in the experimental subgroups (I, II, III) were obturated by gutta-percha and eugenol-containing sealer; and in the control subgroups (IV, V, VI) without any sealer. After storage in normal saline for 7 days, the post space was prepared by #3, #2, and #1 drills of DT Light-Post system. Post was cemented with Panavia-F2.0 resin-cement. A composite core was built for each sample. All samples were thermo cycled for 1000 cycles. The samples were tested for post retention with a mechanical testing machine. Statistical Analysis: Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey-HSD test. Results: There was not a significant difference in retention between FRC posts #1 and #2 (P > 0.05). Post #3 was more retentive than posts #1and #2 (P < 0.05). ZOE sealer significantly reduced the retention of posts (P = 0.024), however, increasing post-space diameter significantly increased post retention in canals coated with ZOE sealer (P = 0.002). Conclusions: Eugenol-containing sealer reduced the retention of FRC posts cemented with resin cement. Removing more dentin from root-canals treated with eugenol-containing sealer for placing larger diameter posts caused an increase in post retention. PMID:23349579

  14. Surgery for post-vitrectomy cataract

    PubMed Central

    Do, Diana V; Gichuhi, Stephen; Vedula, Satyanarayana S; Hawkins, Barbara S

    2014-01-01

    Background Cataract formation or acceleration can occur after intraocular surgery, especially following vitrectomy, a surgical technique for removing the vitreous which is used in the treatment of disorders that affect the posterior segment of the eye. The underlying problem that led to vitrectomy may limit the benefit from cataract surgery. Objectives The objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of surgery for post-vitrectomy cataract with respect to visual acuity, quality of life, and other outcomes. Search methods We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group Trials Register) (The Cochrane Library 2013, Issue 4), Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid MEDLINE in-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE Daily Update, Ovid OLDMED-LINE (January 1946 to May 2013), EMBASE (January 1980 to May 2013, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature Database (LILACS) (January 1982 to May 2013), PubMed (January 1946 to May 2013), the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT) (www.controlled-trials.com), ClinicalTrials.gov (www.clinicaltrial.gov) and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) (www.who.int/ictrp/search/en). We did not use any date or language restrictions in the electronic searches for trials. We last searched the electronic databases on 22 May 2013. Selection criteria We planned to include randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials comparing cataract surgery with no surgery in adult patients who developed cataract following vitrectomy. Data collection and analysis Two authors screened the search results independently according to the standard methodological procedures expected by The Cochrane Collaboration. Main results We found no randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials comparing cataract surgery with no cataract surgery for patients who developed cataracts following vitrectomy surgery. Authors' conclusions There is no evidence from randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials on which to base clinical recommendations for surgery for post-vitrectomy cataract. There is a clear need for randomized controlled trials to address this evidence gap. Such trials should stratify participants by their age, the retinal disorder leading to vitrectomy, and the status of the underlying disease process in the contralateral eye. Outcomes assessed in such trials may include gain of vision on the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) scale, quality of life, and adverse events such as posterior capsular rupture. Both short-term (six-month) and long-term (one-year or two-year) outcomes should be examined. PMID:24357418

  15. Recovery post treatment: plans, barriers and motivators

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The increasing focus on achieving a sustained recovery from substance use brings with it a need to better understand the factors (recovery capital) that contribute to recovery following treatment. This work examined the factors those in recovery perceive to be barriers to (lack of capital) or facilitators of (presence of capital) sustained recovery post treatment. Methods A purposive sample of 45 participants was recruited from 11 drug treatment services in northern England. Semi-structured qualitative interviews lasting between 30 and 90 minutes were conducted one to three months after participants completed treatment. Interviews examined key themes identified through previous literature but focused on allowing participants to explore their unique recovery journey. Interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically using a combination of deductive and inductive approaches. Results Participants generally reported high levels of confidence in maintaining their recovery with most planning to remain abstinent. There were indications of high levels of recovery capital. Aftercare engagement was high, often through self referral, with non substance use related activity felt to be particularly positive. Supported housing was critical and concerns were raised about the ability to afford to live independently with financial stability and welfare availability a key concern in general. Employment, often in the substance use treatment field, was a desire. However, it was a long term goal, with substantial risks associated with pursuing this too early. Positive social support was almost exclusively from within the recovery community although the re-building of relationships with family (children in particular) was a key motivator post treatment. Conclusions Addressing internal factors and underlying issues i.e. ‘human capital’, provided confidence for continued recovery whilst motivators focused on external factors such as family and maintaining aspects of a ‘normal’ life i.e. ‘social and physical capital’. Competing recovery goals and activities can leave people feeling under pressure and at risk of taking on or being pushed to do too much too soon. The breadth of re-integration and future plans at this stage is limited primarily to the recovery community and treatment sector. Services and commissioners should ensure that this does not become a limiting factor in individuals’ long term recovery journeys. PMID:23363550

  16. Problems and Prospects of Jewish Education for Intelligent Citizenship in a Post-Everything World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Benjamin M.

    2013-01-01

    Judaism, Jewish life, the Jewish people--indeed, almost all facets of the Jewish experience--are in a postmodern, post-denominational, post-ethnic, post-Zionist, post-diaspora, or what may simply be called a "post-everything" age. Studies show that post-everything youth in general are less concerned with national/ethnic/religious identification…

  17. Management of post-hepatectomy complications

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Shan; Fu, Quan; Wuyun, Gerile; Wuyun, Tu

    2013-01-01

    Hepatic resection had an impressive growth over time. It has been widely performed for the treatment of various liver diseases, such as malignant tumors, benign tumors, calculi in the intrahepatic ducts, hydatid disease, and abscesses. Management of hepatic resection is challenging. Despite technical advances and high experience of liver resection of specialized centers, it is still burdened by relatively high rates of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Especially, complex resections are being increasingly performed in high risk and older patient population. Operation on the liver is especially challenging because of its unique anatomic architecture and because of its vital functions. Common post-hepatectomy complications include venous catheter-related infection, pleural effusion, incisional infection, pulmonary atelectasis or infection, ascites, subphrenic infection, urinary tract infection, intraperitoneal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal tract bleeding, biliary tract hemorrhage, coagulation disorders, bile leakage, and liver failure. These problems are closely related to surgical manipulations, anesthesia, preoperative evaluation and preparation, and postoperative observation and management. The safety profile of hepatectomy probably can be improved if the surgeons and medical staff involved have comprehensive knowledge of the expected complications and expertise in their management. This review article focuses on the major postoperative issues after hepatic resection and presents the current management. PMID:24307791

  18. Microvascular Repair: Post-Angiogenesis Vascular Dynamics

    PubMed Central

    LeBlanc, Amanda J.; Krishnan, Laxminarayanan; Sullivan, Christopher J.; Williams, Stuart K.; Hoying, James B.

    2013-01-01

    Vascular compromise and the accompanying perfusion deficits cause or complicate a large array of disease conditions and treatment failures. This has prompted the exploration of therapeutic strategies to repair or regenerate vasculatures thereby establishing more competent microcirculatory beds. Growing evidence indicates that an increase in vessel numbers within a tissue does not necessarily promote an increase in tissue perfusion. Effective regeneration of a microcirculation entails the integration of new stable microvessel segments into the network via neovascularization. Beginning with angiogenesis, neovascularization entails an integrated series of vascular activities leading to the formation of a new mature microcirculation and includes vascular guidance and inosculation, vessel maturation, pruning, arterio-venous specification, network patterning, structural adaptation, intussusception, and microvascular stabilization. While the generation of new vessel segments is necessary to expand a network, without the concomitant neovessel remodeling and adaptation processes intrinsic to microvascular network formation, these additional vessel segments give rise to a dysfunctional microcirculation. While many of the mechanisms regulating angiogenesis have been detailed, a thorough understanding of the mechanisms driving post-angiogenesis activities specific to neovascularization has yet to be fully realized, but is necessary in order to develop effective therapeutic strategies for repairing compromised microcirculations as a means to treat disease. PMID:22734666

  19. Post impact compressive strength in composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Demuts, Edvins; Sandhu, Raghbir S.; Daniels, John A.

    1992-01-01

    Presented in this paper are the plan, equipment, procedures, and findings of an experimental investigation of the tolerance to low velocity impact of a graphite epoxy (AS4/3501-6) and graphite bismaleimide (M6/CYCOM3100) advanced composites. The applied impacts were governed by the Air Force Guide Specification 87221. Specimens of each material system having a common nominal layup (10% 0 deg; 80% +/-45 deg; 10% 90 deg), a common 7 inch (17.78 cm) by 10 inch (25.40 cm) size, five different thicknesses (9, 26, 48, 74, and 96 plies), and ambient moisture content were impacted and strength tested at room temperature. Damaged areas and post impact compression strengths (PICS) were among the most significant findings obtained. While the undamaged per ply compression strength of both materials is a strong function of laminate thickness, the per ply PICS is not. The average difference in per ply PICS between the two material systems is about seven percent. Although a smaller percentage of the applied kinetic energy was absorbed by the Gr/BMI than by the Gr/Epoxy composites, larger damaged areas were produced in the Gr/BMI than in Gr/Epoxy. Within the limitations of this investigation, the Gr/BMI system seems to offer no advantage in damage tolerance over the Gr/Epoxy system examined.

  20. Post-Ebola Syndrome, Sierra Leone

    PubMed Central

    Sesay, Foday R.; Massaquoi, Thomas A.; Idriss, Baimba R.; Sahr, Foday; Semple, Malcolm G.

    2016-01-01

    Thousands of persons have survived Ebola virus disease. Almost all survivors describe symptoms that persist or develop after hospital discharge. A cross-sectional survey of the symptoms of all survivors from the Ebola treatment unit (ETU) at 34th Regimental Military Hospital, Freetown, Sierra Leone (MH34), was conducted after discharge at their initial follow-up appointment within 3 weeks after their second negative PCR result. From its opening on December 1, 2014, through March 31, 2015, the MH34 ETU treated 84 persons (8–70 years of age) with PCR-confirmed Ebola virus disease, of whom 44 survived. Survivors reported musculoskeletal pain (70%), headache (48%), and ocular problems (14%). Those who reported headache had had lower admission cycle threshold Ebola PCR than did those who did not (p<0.03). This complete survivor cohort from 1 ETU enables analysis of the proportion of symptoms of post-Ebola syndrome. The Ebola epidemic is waning, but the effects of the disease will remain. PMID:26983037

  1. [Post-hematopietic stem cell transplant complications].

    PubMed

    de Berranger, Eva; Jubert, Charlotte; Michel, Gérard

    2015-01-01

    Under the long-term monitoring of patients treated in childhood or adolescence for cancer, we present in this article the long-term monitoring and therefore possible effects of patients who underwent allergenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This article is based on a collaborative effort organized by the French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cell Therapy (SFGM-TC), which took place during the 4th day of allograft harmonization practices. Patients affected are children and young adults (0-25 years). We defined the monitoring effects beyond 1 year post-transplant. Our recommendations are based on a literature review, in line with the Leucémie Enfant Adulte (LEA) study cohort of long-term monitoring of patients treated for hematological malignancies in childhood, grafted or not. It became important to determine the nature of problems, their risk factors, frequency and monitoring necessary to implement for their detection. We will not address the therapeutic management of sequelae. PMID:25962541

  2. Post-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage: A review.

    PubMed

    Modi, Nikhilkumar J; Agrawal, Manish; Sinha, Virendra Deo

    2016-01-01

    Head injury has been the leading cause of death and disability in people younger than 40 years and the incidence is rising continuously. Anticipation of the pathological consequences of post-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (tSAH) and an outcome-oriented management are very important in these cases. To encounter the complications pertaining to traumatic brain injury (TBI) and tSAH, various classifications have been proposed and goal-oriented screening strategies have been offered. The role of serial computed tomography (CT) scans, perfusion studies, transcranial Doppler, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and angiographic studies as diagnostic tools, has been described. Recently, MRI fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), gradient reversal echo (GRE), and susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) have emerged as excellent complimentary MRI sequences, and the authors of this article have evaluated their role in the diagnosis and prognostication of patients with tSAH. Numerous studies have been conducted on the various complications associated with tSAH such as vasospasm, hydrocephalus, and electrolyte disturbances and their management. This article discusses these aspects of tSAH and their management nuances. PMID:26954974

  3. Immune profiling and cancer post transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Hope, Christopher Martin; Coates, Patrick Toby H; Carroll, Robert Peter

    2015-01-01

    Half of all long-term (> 10 year) australian kidney transplant recipients (KTR) will develop squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or solid organ cancer (SOC), making cancer the leading cause of death with a functioning graft. At least 30% of KTR with a history of SCC or SOC will develop a subsequent SCC or SOC lesion. Pharmacological immunosuppression is a major contributor of the increased risk of cancer for KTR, with the cancer lesions themselves further adding to systemic immunosuppression and could explain, in part, these phenomena. Immune profiling includes; measuring immunosuppressive drug levels and pharmacokinetics, enumerating leucocytes and leucocyte subsets as well as testing leucocyte function in either an antigen specific or non-specific manner. Outputs can vary from assay to assay according to methods used. In this review we define the rationale behind post-transplant immune monitoring assays and focus on assays that associate and/or have the ability to predict cancer and rejection in the KTR. We find that immune monitoring can identify those KTR of developing multiple SCC lesions and provide evidence they may benefit from pharmacological immunosuppressive drug dose reductions. In these KTR risk of rejection needs to be assessed to determine if reduction of immunosuppression will not harm the graft. PMID:25664246

  4. Post-herpetic Neuralgia: a Review.

    PubMed

    Hadley, Graham R; Gayle, Julie A; Ripoll, Juan; Jones, Mark R; Argoff, Charles E; Kaye, Rachel J; Kaye, Alan D

    2016-03-01

    Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a chronic neuropathic pain condition that persists 3 months or more following an outbreak of shingles. Shingles, also known as acute herpes zoster, is associated with the reactivation of the dormant varicella zoster virus in an individual who has experienced chicken pox. PHN is associated with persistent and often refractory neuropathic pain. Patients may experience multiple types of pain including a constant deep, aching, or burning pain; a paroxysmal, lancinating pain; hyperalgesia (painful stimuli are more painful than expected); and allodynia (pain associated with typically non-painful stimuli). The pharmacological treatment of PHN may include a variety of medications including alpha-2 delta ligands (gabapentin and pregabalin), other anticonvulsants (carbamazepine), tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline, nortriptyline, doxepin), topical analgesics (5 % lidocaine patch, capsaicin) tramadol, or other opioids. The considerable side effect profiles of the commonly used oral medications often limit their practical use, and a combination of both topical and systemic agents may be required for optimal outcomes. Physicians and other treatment providers must tailor treatment based on the response of individual patients. PMID:26879875

  5. Post-graduate training in forensic psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Hashman, K

    1994-01-01

    Post-graduate fellowship training in forensic psychiatry is a relatively new and developing area in the field of psychiatry. In the past, medicolegal issues pertaining to mental health were studied by general psychiatrists who gradually became involved and attained a level of expertise through experience and self-education. However, specialized skills in making assessments, drawing up reports and giving evidence in court, in addition to knowledge of mental health laws, institutions and the legal system are required. With the advent of fellowship programmes in forensic psychiatry, these skills and knowledge no longer have to be acquired in a haphazard manner. A core curriculum defines the parameters of the knowledge, training guidelines ensure adequate exposure and standardized accreditation requirements facilitate these goals. The advantages of subspeciality training are numerous. Firstly, it ensures compliance with a level of expertise necessary to address complex issues at the interface of psychiatry and law. Secondly, it allows the specialist to become a communicator of his or her knowledge in the legal arena. His or her work must be logical, methodical and soundly based. It must be clearly expressed and understandable to its various audiences. Finally, it leads to the development of future research activities. Issues in current training and future directions are discussed. PMID:7968309

  6. Post-treatment control of HIV infection

    PubMed Central

    Conway, Jessica M.; Perelson, Alan S.

    2015-01-01

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV is not a cure. However, recent studies suggest that ART, initiated early during primary infection, may induce post-treatment control (PTC) of HIV infection with HIV RNA maintained at <50 copies per mL. We investigate the hypothesis that ART initiated early during primary infection permits PTC by limiting the size of the latent reservoir, which, if small enough at treatment termination, may allow the adaptive immune response to prevent viral rebound (VR) and control infection. We use a mathematical model of within host HIV dynamics to capture interactions among target cells, productively infected cells, latently infected cells, virus, and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Analysis of our model reveals a range in CTL response strengths where a patient may show either VR or PTC, depending on the size of the latent reservoir at treatment termination. Below this range, patients will always rebound, whereas above this range, patients are predicted to behave like elite controllers. Using data on latent reservoir sizes in patients treated during primary infection, we also predict population-level VR times for noncontrollers consistent with observations. PMID:25870266

  7. AGC-1 Post Irradiation Examination Status

    SciTech Connect

    David Swank

    2011-09-01

    The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Graphite R&D program is currently measuring irradiated material property changes in several grades of nuclear graphite for predicting their behavior and operating performance within the core of new Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) designs. The Advanced Graphite Creep (AGC) experiment consisting of six irradiation capsules will generate this irradiated graphite performance data for NGNP reactor operating conditions. All six AGC capsules in the experiment will be irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), disassembled in the Hot Fuel Examination Facility (HFEF), and examined at the INL Research Center (IRC) or Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This is the first in a series of status reports on the progress of the AGC experiment. As the first capsule, AGC1 was irradiated from September 2009 to January 2011 to a maximum dose level of 6-7 dpa. The capsule was removed from ATR and transferred to the HFEF in April 2011 where the capsule was disassembled and test specimens extracted from the capsules. The first irradiated samples from AGC1 were shipped to the IRC in July 2011and initial post irradiation examination (PIE) activities were begun on the first 37 samples received. PIE activities continue for the remainder of the AGC1 specimen as they are received at the IRC.

  8. Bidirectional Brush Seals: Post-Test Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hendricks, Robert C.; Wilson, Jack; Wu, Tom Y.; Flower, Ralph; Mullen, Robert L.

    1997-01-01

    A post-test analysis of a set of inside-diameter/outside-diameter (ID/OD) bidirectional brush seals used in three-port wave rotor tests was undertaken to determine brush bristle and configuration wear, pullout, and rotor coating wear. The results suggest that sharp changes in the pressure profiles were not well reflected in bristle tip configuration patterns or wear. Also, positive-to-negative changes in axial pressure gradients appeared to have little effect on the backing plates. Although the brushes had similar porosities, they had very different unpacked arrays. This difference could explain the departure of experimental data from computational fluid dynamics flow predictions for well-packed arrays at higher pressure drops. The rotor wear led to "car-track" scars (upper and lower wear bands) with a whipped surface between the bands. Those bands may have resulted from bristle stiffening at the fence and gap plates during alternate portions of the rotor cycle. Within the bristle response range the wear surface reflected the pressure distribution effect on bristle motion. No sacrificial metallurgical data were taken. The bristles did wear, with correspondingly more wear on the ID brush configurations than on the OD configurations; the complexity in constructing the ID brush was a factor.

  9. Post-treatment control of HIV infection

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Conway, Jessica M.; Perelson, Alan S.

    2015-04-13

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV is not a cure. However, recent studies suggest that ART, initiated early during primary infection, may induce post-treatment control (PTC) of HIV infection with HIV RNA maintained at <50 copies per mL. We investigate the hypothesis that ART initiated early during primary infection permits PTC by limiting the size of the latent reservoir, which, if small enough at treatment termination, may allow the adaptive immune response to prevent viral rebound (VR) and control infection. We use a mathematical model of within host HIV dynamics to capture interactions among target cells, productively infected cells, latently infectedmore » cells, virus, and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Analysis of our model reveals a range in CTL response strengths where a patient may show either VR or PTC, depending on the size of the latent reservoir at treatment termination. Below this range, patients will always rebound, whereas above this range, patients are predicted to behave like elite controllers. As a result, using data on latent reservoir sizes in patients treated during primary infection, we also predict population-level VR times for non-controllers consistent with observations.« less

  10. Post-treatment control of HIV infection

    SciTech Connect

    Conway, Jessica M.; Perelson, Alan S.

    2015-04-13

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV is not a cure. However, recent studies suggest that ART, initiated early during primary infection, may induce post-treatment control (PTC) of HIV infection with HIV RNA maintained at <50 copies per mL. We investigate the hypothesis that ART initiated early during primary infection permits PTC by limiting the size of the latent reservoir, which, if small enough at treatment termination, may allow the adaptive immune response to prevent viral rebound (VR) and control infection. We use a mathematical model of within host HIV dynamics to capture interactions among target cells, productively infected cells, latently infected cells, virus, and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Analysis of our model reveals a range in CTL response strengths where a patient may show either VR or PTC, depending on the size of the latent reservoir at treatment termination. Below this range, patients will always rebound, whereas above this range, patients are predicted to behave like elite controllers. As a result, using data on latent reservoir sizes in patients treated during primary infection, we also predict population-level VR times for non-controllers consistent with observations.

  11. Impaired Hyperemic Response to Exercise Post Stroke

    PubMed Central

    Durand, Matthew J.; Murphy, Spencer A.; Schaefer, Kathleen K.; Hunter, Sandra K.; Schmit, Brian D.; Gutterman, David D.; Hyngstrom, Allison S.

    2015-01-01

    Individuals with chronic stroke have reduced perfusion of the paretic lower limb at rest; however, the hyperemic response to graded muscle contractions in this patient population has not been examined. This study quantified blood flow to the paretic and non-paretic lower limbs of subjects with chronic stroke after submaximal contractions of the knee extensor muscles and correlated those measures with limb function and activity. Ten subjects with chronic stroke and ten controls had blood flow through the superficial femoral artery quantified with ultrasonography before and immediately after 10 second contractions of the knee extensor muscles at 20, 40, 60, and 80% of the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of the test limb. Blood flow to the paretic and non-paretic limb of stroke subjects was significantly reduced at all load levels compared to control subjects even after normalization to lean muscle mass. Of variables measured, increased blood flow after an 80% MVC was the single best predictor of paretic limb strength, the symmetry of strength between the paretic and non-paretic limbs, coordination of the paretic limb, and physical activity. The impaired hemodynamic response to high intensity contractions was a better predictor of lower limb function than resting perfusion measures. Stroke-dependent weakness and atrophy of the paretic limb do not explain the reduced hyperemic response to muscle contraction alone as the response is similarly reduced in the non-paretic limb when compared to controls. These data may suggest a role for perfusion therapies to optimize rehabilitation post stroke. PMID:26630380

  12. Fluoroscopic findings post-peroral esophageal myotomy.

    PubMed

    Harmath, Carla; Horowitz, Jeanne; Berggruen, Senta; Hammond, Nancy A; Hammond, Nancy; Nikolaidis, Paul; Miller, Frank H; Miller, Frank; Goodhartz, Lori A; Goodhartz, Lori; Teitelbaum, Ezra N; Teitlebaum, Erza; Hungness, Eric S; Hungness, Eric; Yaghmai, Vahid

    2015-02-01

    Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is a surgical technique that has been evolving rapidly. Endoscopic submucosal dissection was initiated in 1999, in Japan, for en-bloc resection of large lesions of the stomach (Zhou et al., World J Gastroenterol 19:6962-6968, 2013, ; Kobara et al., Clin Exp Gastroenterol 7:67-74, 2014). Since then, many additional therapies utilizing natural transluminal endoscopic approach have evolved. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a minimally invasive type of transluminal endoscopic surgery that was recently developed for the treatment of achalasia and esophageal motility disorders. The peroral endoscopic myotomy is a less invasive surgical treatment that is suitable for all types of achalasia and used as an alternate to the Heller myotomy. The radiographic findings of achalasia and surgical changes after Heller myotomy have been described, however, very little is available on the post-POEM esophagram appearance. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the anatomy, surgical procedure, and normal and abnormal findings seen on esophagrams in patients who have undergone a POEM. PMID:25128214

  13. Post-Ebola Syndrome, Sierra Leone.

    PubMed

    Scott, Janet T; Sesay, Foday R; Massaquoi, Thomas A; Idriss, Baimba R; Sahr, Foday; Semple, Malcolm G

    2016-04-01

    Thousands of persons have survived Ebola virus disease. Almost all survivors describe symptoms that persist or develop after hospital discharge. A cross-sectional survey of the symptoms of all survivors from the Ebola treatment unit (ETU) at 34th Regimental Military Hospital, Freetown, Sierra Leone (MH34), was conducted after discharge at their initial follow-up appointment within 3 weeks after their second negative PCR result. From its opening on December 1, 2014, through March 31, 2015, the MH34 ETU treated 84 persons (8-70 years of age) with PCR-confirmed Ebola virus disease, of whom 44 survived. Survivors reported musculoskeletal pain (70%), headache (48%), and ocular problems (14%). Those who reported headache had had lower admission cycle threshold Ebola PCR than did those who did not (p<0.03). This complete survivor cohort from 1 ETU enables analysis of the proportion of symptoms of post-Ebola syndrome. The Ebola epidemic is waning, but the effects of the disease will remain. PMID:26983037

  14. The effects of post combustion and post combustion gases in the electric arc furnace

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eastep, Lisa Nicole

    In order to decrease energy consumption and increase scrap melting and productivity, post combustion (PC) technology is being implemented in several steelmaking processes, including bath smelting, the BOF and the EAF. In order to get the full benefit from this technology, the principles that govern it and the effects, both beneficial and adverse, must be determined. To this end, the CISR has been investigating two PC processes in the. EAF, the foamy slag approach and free space approach and the oxidation of scrap by post combustion gases. The free space approach, which is the subject of this work, consists of injectors blowing PC oxygen into the upper portion of the furnace. Air Liquide is developing an example of this system. Post Combustion consists of two sets of reactions: (1) the combustion of CO with oxygen and (2) the oxidation of scrap, liquid iron and C by the CO2 (the "de-post combustion" reactions). This project consists of two parts investigating both types of reactions. A computer simulation of a free space PC system is being developed and the kinetics of the oxidation of solid iron by CO 2 are being measured at high temperatures. Initial work included computer simulations of the process assuming a two-dimension geometry. These two dimension models were beneficial in gaining experience with the computer software package and provided some insights into the PC process. However, they could not adequately describe the conditions in the furnace. Therefore, a three-dimension model has been developed. Computer simulations including the post combustion reaction of CO and O2 combining to form CO2 and the de-post combustion reaction between CO2 and the carbon present in the bath have been conducted. It was found that the post combustion ratio (PCR) increased with increasing exhaust temperatures and with an increase in oxygen flow rate. Also, when the oxygen was injected at a lower flow rate with an angle, bands of temperature and composition results with the highest temperatures, and the highest concentration of CO2, occurred in a band near the injector. Finally, the temperatures near the bath surface increased as the injectors were placed closer to the bath surface. Where as the present model had several limitations and did not take into account all major factors, it did give useful insights and showed that this type of modeling is beneficial. The oxidation rate of solid iron by CO2, was measured using thermo-gravinometric analysis in conjunction with the impinging jet design to reduce the effects of gas phase mass transfer. Experiments were conducted in the temperature range of 1000--1500°C with a reacting gas mixture ranging from 50% CO2--80% CO2 (remainder CO) and a dilute mixture of 800%Ar, 10% CO2 and 10% CO. The calculated kinetic rate constants were consistent with those found by previous researchers at lower temperatures. The calculated activation energy of 39.7 kcal/mole is in reasonable agreement with the published quantity of 44.3 kcal/mole, calculated by Grabke. The technique used in the present study allowed for a more accurate determination of the chemical rate at high temperatures.

  15. 5 CFR 1601.32 - Timing and posting dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Timing and posting dates. 1601.32 Section 1601.32 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PARTICIPANTS' CHOICES OF TSP FUNDS Contribution Allocations and Interfund Transfer Requests § 1601.32 Timing and posting...

  16. 5 CFR 1601.32 - Timing and posting dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Timing and posting dates. 1601.32 Section 1601.32 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PARTICIPANTS' CHOICES OF TSP FUNDS Contribution Allocations and Interfund Transfer Requests § 1601.32 Timing and posting...

  17. 5 CFR 1601.32 - Timing and posting dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Timing and posting dates. 1601.32 Section 1601.32 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PARTICIPANTS' CHOICES OF TSP FUNDS Contribution Allocations and Interfund Transfer Requests § 1601.32 Timing and posting...

  18. 5 CFR 1601.32 - Timing and posting dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Timing and posting dates. 1601.32 Section 1601.32 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PARTICIPANTS' CHOICES OF TSP FUNDS Contribution Allocations and Interfund Transfer Requests § 1601.32 Timing and posting...

  19. "ComPost": A Writing Program Newsletter and Its Rationale.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Dennis R.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the development and rationale of "ComPost," a weekly newsletter of the Composition Program at the University of Louisville. Suggests that a vehicle like ComPost can promote the communications that contribute to accomplishing collegiality and genuine program consensus. (RS)

  20. 40 CFR 89.408 - Post-test procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Post-test procedures. 89.408 Section 89.408 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Exhaust Emission Test Procedures § 89.408 Post-test procedures. (a)...

  1. 40 CFR 90.411 - Post-test analyzer procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Post-test analyzer procedures. 90.411 Section 90.411 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Gaseous Exhaust Test Procedures § 90.411 Post-test...

  2. 40 CFR 91.411 - Post-test analyzer procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Post-test analyzer procedures. 91.411 Section 91.411 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Gaseous Exhaust Test Procedures § 91.411 Post-test analyzer procedures. (a) Perform...

  3. Post-16 Participation: The Success Story. Mendip Papers MP 043.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pardey, D.

    An analysis was done regarding the perceived low numbers of British students who stay on in school past age 16. This three-part paper summarizes that study. Part 1, "Post-Compulsory Education Analysing the Market," presents a summary of the problem of low participation in post-16 schooling, based on a survey of literature and interviews with…

  4. Factors Associated with Student Plagiarism in a Post-1992 University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Roger

    2005-01-01

    A model intended to explain the incidence of plagiarism among undergraduates in the Business Studies department of a post-1992 university was constructed and tested on a sample of 249 students completing Business Studies units at a post-1992 university in Greater London. It was hypothesised that the occurrence of plagiarism could be predicted via…

  5. 22 CFR 22.5 - Remittances to Foreign Service posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Remittances to Foreign Service posts. 22.5 Section 22.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE FEES AND FUNDS SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR CONSULAR SERVICES-DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND FOREIGN SERVICE § 22.5 Remittances to Foreign Service posts. Remittances to...

  6. 22 CFR 22.5 - Remittances to Foreign Service posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Remittances to Foreign Service posts. 22.5 Section 22.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE FEES AND FUNDS SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR CONSULAR SERVICES-DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND FOREIGN SERVICE § 22.5 Remittances to Foreign Service posts. Remittances to...

  7. 22 CFR 22.5 - Remittances to Foreign Service posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Remittances to Foreign Service posts. 22.5 Section 22.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE FEES AND FUNDS SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR CONSULAR SERVICES-DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND FOREIGN SERVICE § 22.5 Remittances to Foreign Service posts. Remittances to...

  8. 22 CFR 22.5 - Remittances to Foreign Service posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Remittances to Foreign Service posts. 22.5 Section 22.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE FEES AND FUNDS SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR CONSULAR SERVICES-DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND FOREIGN SERVICE § 22.5 Remittances to Foreign Service posts. Remittances to...

  9. 40 CFR 264.119 - Post-closure notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Post-closure notices. 264.119 Section 264.119 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Closure and Post-Closure § 264.119...

  10. 30 CFR 44.9 - Posting of petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Posting of petition. 44.9 Section 44.9 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FILING AND OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS RULES OF PRACTICE FOR PETITIONS FOR MODIFICATION OF MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS General § 44.9 Posting of petition. An operator of a...

  11. 30 CFR 44.9 - Posting of petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Posting of petition. 44.9 Section 44.9 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FILING AND OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS RULES OF PRACTICE FOR PETITIONS FOR MODIFICATION OF MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS General § 44.9 Posting of petition. An operator of a...

  12. 30 CFR 44.9 - Posting of petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Posting of petition. 44.9 Section 44.9 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FILING AND OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS RULES OF PRACTICE FOR PETITIONS FOR MODIFICATION OF MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS General § 44.9 Posting of petition. An operator of a...

  13. 30 CFR 44.9 - Posting of petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Posting of petition. 44.9 Section 44.9 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FILING AND OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS RULES OF PRACTICE FOR PETITIONS FOR MODIFICATION OF MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS General § 44.9 Posting of petition. An operator of a...

  14. 30 CFR 44.9 - Posting of petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Posting of petition. 44.9 Section 44.9 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FILING AND OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS RULES OF PRACTICE FOR PETITIONS FOR MODIFICATION OF MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS General § 44.9 Posting of petition. An operator of a...

  15. 46 CFR 109.563 - Posting of documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Posting of documents. 109.563 Section 109.563 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS OPERATIONS Miscellaneous § 109.563 Posting of documents. The master or person in charge shall ensure that the following...

  16. 77 FR 33788 - Proposed Post Office Structure Plan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-07

    ... Proposed Post Office Structure Plan AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Office Structure Plan. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related... with the Commission for an advisory opinion under 39 U.S.C. 3661 regarding its Post Office...

  17. The Effect of Post-Racial Theory on Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Christopher A.

    2012-01-01

    The proliferation of post-racial theory (PRT) in both social and political spheres of dominant American hegemony has illustrated a desire among academic circles to move past race and racial categories in social analysis. However, absent within post-racial rhetoric is critical language on how to abolish racism and racial inequality. (Samad 2009) It…

  18. On the Post Hoc Power in Testing Mean Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yuan, Ke-Hai; Maxwell, Scott

    2005-01-01

    Retrospective or post hoc power analysis is recommended by reviewers and editors of many journals. Little literature has been found that gave a serious study of the post hoc power. When the sample size is large, the observed effect size is a good estimator of the true power. This article studies whether such a power estimator provides valuable…

  19. 46 CFR 28.900 - Post accident inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Post accident inspection. 28.900 Section 28.900 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY UNINSPECTED VESSELS REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY VESSELS Aleutian Trade Act Vessels § 28.900 Post accident inspection. The requirements...

  20. 49 CFR 655.44 - Post-accident testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Safety Administration rule 49 CFR 389.303(a)(1) or (b)(1). (ii) The employer shall also drug and alcohol... 49 Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 655.44 Section 655.44... of Testing § 655.44 Post-accident testing. (a) Accidents. (1) Fatal accidents. (i) As soon...

  1. 49 CFR 655.44 - Post-accident testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Safety Administration rule 49 CFR 389.303(a)(1) or (b)(1). (ii) The employer shall also drug and alcohol... 49 Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 655.44 Section 655.44... of Testing § 655.44 Post-accident testing. (a) Accidents. (1) Fatal accidents. (i) As soon...

  2. 46 CFR 28.900 - Post accident inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Post accident inspection. 28.900 Section 28.900 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY UNINSPECTED VESSELS REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY VESSELS Aleutian Trade Act Vessels § 28.900 Post accident inspection. The requirements...

  3. 46 CFR 28.900 - Post accident inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Post accident inspection. 28.900 Section 28.900 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY UNINSPECTED VESSELS REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY VESSELS Aleutian Trade Act Vessels § 28.900 Post accident inspection. The requirements...

  4. 49 CFR 382.303 - Post-accident testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 382.303 Section 382.303... ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Tests Required § 382.303 Post-accident testing. (a) As soon as practicable... functions with respect to the vehicle, if the accident involved the loss of human life; or (2) Who...

  5. 49 CFR 655.44 - Post-accident testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Safety Administration rule 49 CFR 389.303(a)(1) or (b)(1). (ii) The employer shall also drug and alcohol... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 655.44 Section 655.44... of Testing § 655.44 Post-accident testing. (a) Accidents. (1) Fatal accidents. (i) As soon...

  6. 49 CFR 655.44 - Post-accident testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Safety Administration rule 49 CFR 389.303(a)(1) or (b)(1). (ii) The employer shall also drug and alcohol... 49 Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 655.44 Section 655.44... of Testing § 655.44 Post-accident testing. (a) Accidents. (1) Fatal accidents. (i) As soon...

  7. 46 CFR 28.900 - Post accident inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Post accident inspection. 28.900 Section 28.900 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY UNINSPECTED VESSELS REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY VESSELS Aleutian Trade Act Vessels § 28.900 Post accident inspection. The requirements...

  8. 49 CFR 382.303 - Post-accident testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 382.303 Section 382.303... ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Tests Required § 382.303 Post-accident testing. (a) As soon as practicable... functions with respect to the vehicle, if the accident involved the loss of human life; or (2) Who...

  9. 49 CFR 655.44 - Post-accident testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Safety Administration rule 49 CFR 389.303(a)(1) or (b)(1). (ii) The employer shall also drug and alcohol... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 655.44 Section 655.44... of Testing § 655.44 Post-accident testing. (a) Accidents. (1) Fatal accidents. (i) As soon...

  10. 46 CFR 28.900 - Post accident inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Post accident inspection. 28.900 Section 28.900 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY UNINSPECTED VESSELS REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY VESSELS Aleutian Trade Act Vessels § 28.900 Post accident inspection. The requirements...

  11. 48 CFR 908.7118 - Rental of post office boxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Rental of post office boxes. 908.7118 Section 908.7118 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COMPETITION ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7118 Rental of post office boxes. DOE offices...

  12. 48 CFR 242.1404-1 - Parcel post eligible shipments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES Traffic and Transportation Management 242.1404-1 Parcel post eligible shipments. (b)(1) See DoD 4525.8-M... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parcel post...

  13. 12 CFR 360.7 - Post-insolvency interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Post-insolvency interest. 360.7 Section 360.7 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY RESOLUTION AND RECEIVERSHIP RULES § 360.7 Post-insolvency interest. (a) Purpose and scope. This...

  14. 30 CFR 15.10 - Post-approval product audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Post-approval product audit. 15.10 Section 15... General Provisions § 15.10 Post-approval product audit. (a) Approved explosives and sheathed explosive... regulations (See 30 CFR part 15, 1987 edition)....

  15. 30 CFR 7.8 - Post-approval product audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Post-approval product audit. 7.8 Section 7.8... APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY General § 7.8 Post-approval product audit...-holder may observe any tests conducted during this audit. (c) An approved product shall be subject...

  16. 30 CFR 14.10 - Post-approval product audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Post-approval product audit. 14.10 Section 14... General Provisions § 14.10 Post-approval product audit. (a) Approved conveyor belts will be subject to....5 available at no cost to MSHA for an audit. If a product is not available because it is...

  17. 30 CFR 7.30 - Post-approval product audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Post-approval product audit. 7.30 Section 7.30....30 Post-approval product audit. Upon request by MSHA but no more than once a year except for cause... brattice cloth and ventilation tubing for audit....

  18. 30 CFR 7.8 - Post-approval product audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Post-approval product audit. 7.8 Section 7.8... APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY General § 7.8 Post-approval product audit...-holder may observe any tests conducted during this audit. (c) An approved product shall be subject...

  19. 30 CFR 7.310 - Post-approval product audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Post-approval product audit. 7.310 Section 7... Post-approval product audit. Upon request by MSHA but not more than once a year, except for cause, the approval holder shall make a motor assembly available for audit at no cost....

  20. 30 CFR 7.8 - Post-approval product audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Post-approval product audit. 7.8 Section 7.8... APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY General § 7.8 Post-approval product audit...-holder may observe any tests conducted during this audit. (c) An approved product shall be subject...