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1

The Place of Workers in Corporate Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article critiques the low place of workers within corporate law doctrine. Corporate law, as it is traditionally taught, is primarily about shareholders, boards of directors, and managers, and the relationships among them. This is despite the fact that workers provide an essential input to a corporation's productive activities, and that the success of the business enterprise quite often turns

Kent Greenfield

2001-01-01

2

The Place of Workers in Corporate Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article critiques the low place of workers within corporate law doctrine. Corporate law, as it is traditionally taught, is primarily about shareholders, boards of directors, and managers, and the relationships among them. This is despite the fact that workers provide an essential input to a corporation's productive activities, and that the success of the business enterprise quite often turns

Kent Greenfield

1998-01-01

3

Delaware Corporation Law and Transaction Cost Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have a passionate belief that a very good way to teach Corporations is to structure the course around a core goal--to teach Delaware corporate law systematically--not just bits and pieces of it, but the entire system, much the way we approach the teaching of constitutional law. This Essay is an elaboration of my reasoning and strategies, organized as a

Charles R. T. OKelley

2000-01-01

4

Towards corporate liability in international criminal law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Please note that the electronic publication of this dissertation through Igitur is subject to a 2-year embargo period! Seeking to address the problem of corporate involvement in genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes, this study explores the desirability and feasibility of subjecting multinational corporations (MNCs) to regulation through international criminal law. It traces the evolution of the ‘collective criminality’

D. E. Stoitchkova

2010-01-01

5

The Anatomy of Corporate Law: A Comparative and Functional Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the long-awaited second edition of this highly regarded comparative overview of corporate law. This edition has been comprehensively updated to reflect profound changes in corporate law. It now includes consideration of additional matters such as the highly topical issue of enforcement in corporate law, and explores the continued convergence of corporate law across jurisdictions. The authors start from

Reinier Kraakman; John Armour; Paul Davies; Luca Enriques; Henry B. Hansmann; Gerard Hertig; Klaus J. Hopt; Hideki Kanda; Edward B. Rock

6

Law on Corporations of 1990 of Republic of Czechoslovakia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Text, in English, of Law of 1990 of Republic of Czechoslovakia on corporate law, including founding a corporation; duties and rights of shareholders; organization of corporation; increase and reduction in capitalization; comments by Dr. Jaroslava Svabodov...

1991-01-01

7

Our Corporate Federalism and the Shape of Corporate Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the public debate sparked by the corporate scandals of the last years, Delaware has been strikingly absent. In contrast to the high profile activity of Congress, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the stock exchanges, federal prosecutors, and even state law enforcement officials, Delaware has been largely mute: no legislation; no rule-making; no criminal investigations; few headlines. In this Article,

Marcel Kahan; Edward B. Rock

2004-01-01

8

12 CFR 1710.10 - Law applicable to corporate governance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...practices and procedures of the law of the jurisdiction in which the principal office of the Enterprise is located, as amended; Delaware General Corporation Law, Del. Code Ann. tit. 8, as amended; or the Revised Model Business Corporation Act, as...

2012-01-01

9

Reimagining Human Rights Law: Toward Global Regulation of Transnational Corporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing human rights law, the body of law that delineates the contours of legal protections for human rights, does not do enough to prevent or provide remedies for corporate-related human rights abuses. Transnational corporations are generally excluded from direct responsibility under international human rights law. The state-centered nature of modern human rights law is inconsistent with the actual power and

Rachel J. Anderson

2010-01-01

10

Russian Corporate Governance Code: Law and Economic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article deals with the analysis of the Russian Corporate Governance Code, which was adopted by the Government of Russian Federation on November 28, 2001. The research is based on law and economic methods and touches upon the problems of corporate regulations creation and the Corporate Governance Code implementation process. Two basic concepts concerning corporate regulations and the problem of

K. SAVITSKY

2002-01-01

11

European Corporate Laws, Regulatory Competition and Path Dependence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beyond the well-known discussion in regard to the Cassis de Dijon of the European Court of Justice, implying the mutual recognition of national product regulations, the topic of mutual recognition and regulatory competition has emerged again in the realm of European corporate laws (“Centros” of the ECJ in 1999). Can effective competition among European corporate laws be expected? In the

Klaus Heine; Wolfgang Kerber

2002-01-01

12

Legitimacy and Corporate Law: The Case for Regulatory Redundancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a democratic assessment of the corporate law making structure in the United States. It draws upon the basic democratic principle that those affected by legal rules should have a voice in determining the substance of those rules. Although other commentators have noted certain undemocratic aspects of corporate law, this Article is the first to present a comprehensive

Renee M Jones

2009-01-01

13

Law of Corporate Groups: Jurisdiction Practice and Procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business entities today are typically made up of groups of legally separate corporations, subsidiaries and parents, operating as a single enterprise. This volume is concerned with how procedural law treats these legally independent but functionally integrated corporations. Among the most important procedural issues addressed by this volume include: When can jurisdiction over a subsidiary also confer jurisdiction over its parent

Phillip Blumberg; Kurt Strasser; Nicholas Georgakopoulos; Eric J. Gouvin

2007-01-01

14

12 CFR 1710.10 - Law applicable to corporate governance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

The corporate governance practices and procedures of each Enterprise shall comply with applicable chartering acts and other Federal law, rules, and regulations, and shall be consistent with the safe and sound operations of the Enterprise. (b) Election and designation of body of...

2010-01-01

15

12 CFR 1710.10 - Law applicable to corporate governance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

The corporate governance practices and procedures of each Enterprise shall comply with applicable chartering acts and other Federal law, rules, and regulations, and shall be consistent with the safe and sound operations of the Enterprise. (b) Election and designation of body of...

2009-01-01

16

Safe Harbor for Officer Reliance: Comparing the Approaches of the Model Business Corporation Act and Delaware’s General Corporation Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Balotti and Shaner discuss the duties of and potential for imposing liability on corporate officers. The fiduciary duties of officers is addressed, in differing degrees, under Delaware law, the law frequently applied to corporate-governance disputes, and under the Model Business Corporation Act (MBCA). In discharging their fiduciary duties, directors under both the MBCA and the General Corporation Law are generally

R. Franklin Balotti; Megan W. Shaner

2011-01-01

17

Anti-Corporate Farming Laws and Industry Structure: The Case of Cattle Feeding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nine midwestern states have laws that restrict the involvement of publicly held corporations in agriculture. Opponents argue that the laws' direct efforts to regulate ownership structure may have an adverse indirect impact on size structure. Restricting corporate involvement might stifle the emergence and growth of efficient, large-scale establishments if corporations have advantages over other organizational forms in meeting capital requirements.

John R. Schroeter; Azzeddine M. Azzam; J. David Aiken

2006-01-01

18

Section 40.1 of the American Law Institute's Corporate Governance Project: Restatement or Misstatement?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Law Institute's (ALI's) corporate governance project has generated the most heated debate in the history of that distinguished institution. Critics claim that the document is a radical proposal for reforming corporate law in a way that increases legal intrusions into the management of business, while supporters claim that the document is fairly reflective of much of the existing

William J. Carney

1988-01-01

19

Company Law and Corporate Governance Renewal in Transition Economies: The Bulgarian Dilemma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of company law and corporate governance structures is to provide rules and secure efficient functioning of decision-making mechanisms that maximise the value of enterprises and safeguard interests of various stakeholders. Company laws and corporate governance models in different countries have evolved in specific historical, cultural, market and legal conditions that prevent their direct transplantation elsewhere. Assessing available

BORIS Z. MARINOV; BRUCE A. HEIMAN

1998-01-01

20

Law, ideology and social change: An analysis of the role of law in the construction of corporate crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores recent efforts to theorize the potential of law as an agency for progressive social change in the context\\u000a of the debate over corporate crime. Drawing on feminist experience with criminal law reform in the area of domestic violence,\\u000a the author argues that the strategy of criminalizing corporate violations needs to be problematized, and that attention should\\u000a also

Neil C. Sargent

1990-01-01

21

Corporate profits and social responsibility: “Subsidization” of corporate income under charitable giving tax laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Private U.S. corporations donated approximately $6 billion to nonprofit organizations in 1994. Corporations may donate money both directly to charities and indirectly through a corporate-sponsored foundation. Tax and financial advantages, as well as differences in corporate image, arise due to policy differences in the treatment of certain gifts. This paper presents a new model of corporate giving, and examines the

Natalie J. Webb

1996-01-01

22

Regulatory Competition in Making Corporate Law in the United States—and its Limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

American corporate-law scholars have focused on jurisdictional competition as an engine--usually as the engine--making American corporate law. Recent decisions in the European Court of Justice open up the possibility of similar competition in the EU. That has led analysts to wonder whether a European race would mimic the American, which depending on one's view is a race to the top--promoting

Mark J. Roe

2005-01-01

23

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: Law, Regulations and Related Acts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The complete text of the FDIC's Law, Regulations and Related Acts (Rules and Regulations), complete with interactive search capability, is now available. Policy statements approved by the FDIC Board of Directors, selected General Counsel opinions, legal advisory opinions, consumer laws and regulations related to banking, and selected Federal Reserve regulations are also part of the service.

1998-01-01

24

The community effects of industrialized farming: Social science research and challenges to corporate farming laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social scientists have a long history of concern with the effects of industrialized farming on communities. Recently, the\\u000a topic has taken on new importance as corporate farming laws in a number of states are challenged by agribusiness interests.\\u000a Defense of these laws often requires evidence from social science research that industrialized farming poses risks to communities.\\u000a A problem is that

Linda Lobao; Curtis W. Stofferahn

2008-01-01

25

A Comparative Analysis of the Corporal Punishment of Children: An Exploration of Human Rights and U.S. Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a comparative perspective, this paper explores two approaches to child\\/adult relationships and the practice of corporal punishment: a human rights perspective and a traditional perspective reflected in U.S. law. Source material for our analysis draws on statutes, court decisions, and human rights conventions relating to the status of children and corporal punishment. Legislation and case law reflecting each perspective

Lucien X. Lombardo; Karen A. Polonko

2005-01-01

26

Signaling Social Responsibility: On the Law and Economics of Market Incentives for Corporate Environmental Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the law and economics of market internalization: the capability of markets to both penalize and reward firms for their environmental, health and safety performance.\\u000aAs for market sticks, the article maintains that market transactions - both private and public sales of corporate assets as well as transactions in publicly traded securities - are an important avenue through

Jason Scott Johnston

2005-01-01

27

Hierarchical rank and women's organizational mobility: glass ceilings in corporate law firms.  

PubMed

This article revives the debate over whether women's upward mobility prospects decline as they climb organizational hierarchies. Although this proposition is a core element of the "glass ceiling" metaphor, it has failed to gain strong support in previous research. The article establishes a firm theoretical foundation for expecting an increasing female disadvantage, with an eye toward defining the scope conditions and extending the model to upper-level external hires. The approach is illustrated in an empirical setting that meets the proposed scope conditions: corporate law firms in the United States. Results confirm that in this setting, the female mobility disadvantage is greater at higher organizational levels in the case of internal promotions, but not in the case of external hires. PMID:19824313

Gorman, Elizabeth H; Kmec, Julie A

2009-03-01

28

Corporate Environmental Social Responsibility: Corporate \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the extent to which unenforceable voluntary initiatives undertaken by corporations can change corporate behavior to make businesses more environmentally responsible, i.e. not only comply with the law, but to do more than the law actually requires of them. These initiatives, loosely gathered under the umbrella of a movement called corporate social responsibility (CSR), are often proposed

Hope M. Babcock

2010-01-01

29

The Corporate Social Responsibility Movement and Law's Empire: Is there a Conflict?  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the heart of corporate governance and social responsibility discourse is recognition of the fact that the modern corporation is primarily governed by the profit maximisation imperative coupled with moral and ethical concerns that such a limited imperative drives the actions of large and wealthy corporations which have the ability to act in influential and significant ways, shaping how our

Irene Lynch Fannon

30

A moral law for the jungle: a Kantian exploration in corporate environmental ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost global acknowledgement of environmental crisis and social inequity suggest a secular revision of Kantian moral philosophy embracing sustainability. By eschewing subjective preferences as the foundation of morality Kant avoids an aspect of corporate responsibility that has otherwise proved intractable. Corporations, as artificial and disembodied agents, cannot depend on desires or intuitions to guide their actions. Kant's moral theory avoids

Fabian P. D. Sack

2005-01-01

31

Corporate Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate criminal liability is a relatively new development in American law, although it has been expanding rapidly. We argue that there is no need for corporate criminal liability in a legal system with appropriate civil remedies and that corporate criminal liability in practice produces serious problems of overdeterrence. Copyright 1996 by the University of Chicago.

Daniel R. Fischel; Alan O. Sykes

1996-01-01

32

The Purpose of the Corporation in Business and Law School Curricula. Governance Studies at Brookings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For most of American history, businesses were run to provide livelihoods and "reasonable" profit. In the last few decades, though, business and society in general have moved toward emphasizing profit maximization and individual self-interest. The shift from "reasonable profit" to profit maximization has significant implications for corporate

West, Darrell M.

2011-01-01

33

Financial versus Social Efficiency of Corporate Bankruptcy Law: the French Dilemma?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the French dilemma associated with court administered resolution of corporate financial distress of firms, in which bankruptcy courts have to combine both social efficiency (maintaining employment) and ex post financial efficiency (determining the best issue for financial distress, proxied here by the global recovery rate). We discuss this dilemma empirically, using a large sample of decisions of French

Régis Blazy; Bertrand Chopard; Agnès Fimayer; Jean-Daniel Guigou

2009-01-01

34

Financial versus Social Efficiency of Corporate Bankruptcy Law: the French Dilemma?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the French dilemma associated with court administered resolution of corporate financial distress of firms, in which bankruptcy courts have to combine both social efficiency (maintaining employment) and ex post financial efficiency (determining the best issue for financial distress, proxied here by the global recovery rate). We discuss this dilemma empirically, using a large sample of decisions of French

Régis Blazy; Bertrand Chopard; Agnès Fimayer; Jean-Daniel Guigou

2007-01-01

35

‘New Governance’ in European Corporate Law Regulation as Transnational Legal Pluralism  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe present transformation of European corporate governance regulation mirrors the challenges that have been facing the EU's continuously evolving polity, marked by tensions between centralised integration programmes, on the one hand, and Member State's embedded capitalisms, path-dependencies and rent-seeking, on the other. As longstanding concerns with remaining obstacles to more mobility for workers, services, business entities and capital in recent

Peer Zumbansen

2009-01-01

36

12 CFR 1511.2 - Law governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights of any Person against the Funding Corporation and the Federal Reserve...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY RESOLUTION FUNDING CORPORATION BOOK-ENTRY...

2013-01-01

37

Scaling-laws of human broadcast communication enable distinction between human, corporate and robot Twitter users.  

PubMed

Human behaviour is highly individual by nature, yet statistical structures are emerging which seem to govern the actions of human beings collectively. Here we search for universal statistical laws dictating the timing of human actions in communication decisions. We focus on the distribution of the time interval between messages in human broadcast communication, as documented in Twitter, and study a collection of over 160,000 tweets for three user categories: personal (controlled by one person), managed (typically PR agency controlled) and bot-controlled (automated system). To test our hypothesis, we investigate whether it is possible to differentiate between user types based on tweet timing behaviour, independently of the content in messages. For this purpose, we developed a system to process a large amount of tweets for reality mining and implemented two simple probabilistic inference algorithms: 1. a naive Bayes classifier, which distinguishes between two and three account categories with classification performance of 84.6% and 75.8%, respectively and 2. a prediction algorithm to estimate the time of a user's next tweet with an R(2) ? 0.7. Our results show that we can reliably distinguish between the three user categories as well as predict the distribution of a user's inter-message time with reasonable accuracy. More importantly, we identify a characteristic power-law decrease in the tail of inter-message time distribution by human users which is different from that obtained for managed and automated accounts. This result is evidence of a universal law that permeates the timing of human decisions in broadcast communication and extends the findings of several previous studies of peer-to-peer communication. PMID:23843945

Tavares, Gabriela; Faisal, Aldo

2013-07-03

38

(Not) Advising Corporate Officers about Fiduciary Duties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article explores the intersection of an important, unresolved corporate law issue and an overlooked professional responsibility issue persistently arising in the corporate milieu. The corporate law question currently unaddressed in Delaware law is whether the fiduciary duties of corporate officers, as agents, are the same as, or different from, the fiduciary duties of corporate directors. A related question is

Lyman P. Q. Johnson; Robert V. Ricca

2007-01-01

39

Foreign direct liability and beyond. Exploring the role of tort law in promoting international corporate social responsibility and accountability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Western societies are witnessing an emerging socio-legal trend towards transnational civil litigation against multinational corporations in relation to harm caused to people and planet abroad. Increasingly, individuals and communities from developing host countries who have been detrimentally impacted by the local activities of multinational corporations turn to Western society home country courts to address and seek redress for their harm

L. F. H. Enneking

2012-01-01

40

Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A case involving the mental health rights of children is currently working its way toward the Supreme Court. That case, Bartley v. Kremens, challenges the power of parents to institutionalize their children in mental hospitals or institutions for the retarded without due process of law. (Author/RK)|

Ellis, James W.

1976-01-01

41

Corporate Capitalism, Corporate Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the structural relationships between corporate crime and American corporate capitalism. Large corporations are assumed to pursue profit, growth, and market share expansion subject to constraints imposed by markets and the state. State or legal regulation of corporate behavior is in turn assumed to be constrained by the need to promote capital accumulation and to satisfy diverse economic

Harold C. Barnett

1981-01-01

42

Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility in Profit and in Non-ProfitOrganizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate Governance governs corporations. To discuss the law and economics of corporations, their performance on the market\\u000a and management control by legislation and government, is to discuss Corporate Governance. Now, Corporate Governance is being\\u000a challenged by a new concept to conceive the role of corporations in the world and to control their managers: this is the concept\\u000a of Corporate Social

Claus Ott

2009-01-01

43

Re-Enchanting the Corporation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Essay begins with Max Weber’s observation that the condition of the modern world is “disenchanted” and goes on to argue that contesting the notion of disenchantment offers a promising framework for rethinking baseline issues in corporate law and corporate life more generally. After elaborating what disenchantment meant to Weber, this Essay offers two counter-observations. First, the world may not

Lyman P. Q. Johnson

2010-01-01

44

The Moral Responsibility of the Corporate Lawyer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lawyers traditionally claim that they are not morally accountable for the goals or activities of their clients that are within the bounds of the law. This essay explores this concept of non-accountability in the context of corporate transactional representation. We argue that corporate lawyers, whose practice is forward looking, undertaken on behalf of corporate clients who have legally impaired ability

Judith A. McMorrow; Luke M. Scheuer

2010-01-01

45

Client Influence and the Contingency of Professionalism: The Work of Elite Corporate Lawyers in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how the professional work of elite corporate lawyers is constructed by influence from different types of clients. The data presented include interviews with 24 lawyers from six elite corporate law firms in China and the author's participant-observation in one of the firms. For these elite Chinese corporate law firms, foreign corporations, state-owned enterprises, and private enterprises constitute

Sida Liu

2006-01-01

46

Piercing the Veil’s Effect on Corporate Human Rights Violations & International Corporate Crime (Human Trafficking, Slavery, etc)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate limited liability laws (CLL) [the corporate veil (tCV)] is a major obstacle for implementation of UN and other covenants’ prevention and jurisprudence ex ante and ex post facto Corporate Human Rights Violations (CHRV) and International Corporate Crime (ICrC). I.d. aggregates the inability of States and International Bodies to farther establish unified e.g., Lex Non Scripta common law with adjudicative

2011-01-01

47

76 FR 25396 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Boston Stock Exchange Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to Amendments to the By-Laws of its Parent Corporation, the NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc...amendments to the By-Laws of BSECC's parent corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc...NASDAQ OMX to amend the By-Laws of its parent corporation. \\6\\...

2011-05-04

48

76 FR 25382 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Stock Clearing Corporation of Philadelphia; Notice of Filing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to Amendments to the By-Laws of Its Parent Corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc...amendments to the By-Laws of SCCP's parent corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc...NASDAQ OMX to amend the By-Laws of its parent corporation. \\6\\...

2011-05-04

49

Corporal punishment.  

PubMed

Pediatricians differ on the optimal ways to discipline children. The major controversy surrounds the use of corporal punishment. In an effort to resolve this controversy, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) cosponsored a conference entitled "The Short and Long-Term Consequences of Corporal Punishment" in February 1996. This article reviews scientific literature on corporal punishment and summarizes the proceedings from the conference. The authors conclude that, although the research data are inadequate to resolve the controversy, there are areas of consensus. Practitioners should assess the spanking practices of the parent they see and counsel parents to avoid those that are, by AAP consensus, dangerous, ineffective, or abusive. PMID:9568019

Bauman, L J; Friedman, S B

1998-04-01

50

The contract of estate corporal security  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1999, the Romanian lawmaker replaced the old institution of commercial pledge with a new and more modern one, relevant for the tendency of reforming and adapting our law system, namely with the institution of estate corporal securities. The judicial status of estate corporal securities demonstrates the superiority of the new institution, the simplification of procedures, an efficient and modern

IOAN SCHIAU

2004-01-01

51

Corporate Officers and the Business Judgment Rule  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article argues that the business judgment rule—a cornerstone concept in corporate law—does not and should not extend to corporate officers in the same broad manner in which it is applied to directors. The argument proceeds along both descriptive and normative lines. After first reviewing judicial decisions, the Article concludes that, notwithstanding frequent, broad assertions to the contrary, application of

Lyman P. Q. Johnson

2005-01-01

52

A Convergence of Corporate and Academic Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the particular gifts in history for the present generation, is the increasingly large opportunity afforded to universities and corporations to be mutually supportive, not exploitative, of one another. As the federal Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 has imposed new challenges on management of all stripes, this anti-corporate-fraud law also has…

Gee, Gordon

2006-01-01

53

Thomas Hopley and Mid-Victorian Attitudes to Corporal Punishment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the trial of Thomas Hopley, accused of killing his pupil Reginald Cancellor in 1860 during an act of corporal punishment. The case provoked immediate sensational interest and became an important defining point in how corporal punishment is treated in British law. Established by this trial was the test that any corporal

Middleton, Jacob

2005-01-01

54

Corporate Crime in the Global Era: The Enimont Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a case study methodology and a Critical Theory framework to interpret corporate crimes committed by the transnational corporation Ferruzzi. Building upon the literature on the crisis of Fordism, the globalization of the economy and society, and corporate crime, it is argued that Ferruzzi was involved in a systematic violation of laws. The analysis points to the fact

Alessandro Bonanno; Douglas H. Constance; Katherine L. Lyman

1997-01-01

55

Multinational Enterprises & the Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multinational Enterprises and the Law presents the only comprehensive contemporary and interdisciplinary account of the various techniques used to regulate multinational enterprises (MNEs) at the national, regional and multilateral levels. In addition it considers the effects of corporate self-regulation upon the development of the legal order in this area. Split into four parts the book firstly deals with the conceptual

Peter T. Muchlinski

56

Corporate Brand Cube: Building Strong Corporate Brands  

Microsoft Academic Search

When Chinese companies start shifting their focus from domestic markets to global markets, corporate branding is an unavoidable issue. We propose a model, corporate brand cube model (CBCM), to help Chinese companies in their corporate branding. The CBCM is an extension of the current corporate branding frame. It redefines the concept of the corporate brand as a relationship between a

An Shi; Gao Liang; Wang Jian

2006-01-01

57

36 CFR 905.737-101 - Applicable provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION STANDARDS OF...Responsibilities of Former Employees-Enforcement § 905.737-101...provisions of law. Former employees of the Corporation must...acts by former Government employees that may reasonably...

2012-07-01

58

Olin Corporation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Olin Corporation is evaluating the financial structure for a proposed joint venture in Brazil. The head of Olin's international operations needs to recommend a financing plan as well as the project to the directors. The case is a vehicle for analyzing overseas investments, joint ventures, and the financial structure of overseas subsidiaries.

Mark Eaker

59

Discourse norms as default rules: structuring corporate speech to multiple stakeholders.  

PubMed

This Article analyzes corporate speech problems through the framework of corporate law. The focus here is on the "discourse norms" that regulate corporate speech to various corporate stakeholders, including shareholders, workers, and consumers. I argue that these "discourse norms" should be understood as default terms in the "nexus-of-contracts" that comprises the corporation. Having reviewed the failure of corporate law as it bears on the interests of non-shareholding stakeholders such as workers and consumers, I urge the adoption of prescriptive discourse norms as an approach to reforming corporate governance in a socially useful manner. PMID:21847901

Yosifon, David G

2011-01-01

60

The Origins and Development of the Concept and Theory of State-Corporate Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

The important contributions made by Richard Quinney to the study of corporate crime and the sociology of law, crime, and justice have influenced the development of the concept of state-corporate crime. This concept has been advanced to examine how corporations and governments intersect to produce social harm. State-corporate crime is defined as criminal acts that occur when one or more

Ronald C. Kramer; Raymond J. Michalowski; David Kauzlarich

2002-01-01

61

Legal and Ethical Implications of Corporate Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate social networking sites provide employees and employers with considerable opportunity to share information and become\\u000a friends. Unfortunately, American and international laws do not directly address social networking site usage. The National\\u000a Labor Relations Act, civil rights laws, and various common law doctrines such as employment at-will and defamation provide\\u000a the pattern for future social networking laws. Ethical considerations such

Gundars Kaupins; Susan Park

2011-01-01

62

Helmet Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Hampshire) do not have a motorcycle helmet law. Bicycle Helmets Learn More About Bicycle Safety Issue Brief Related Links Fewer states have enacted bicycle helmet laws. GHSA only tracks state laws. However, ...

63

Corporate Governance, Investor Protection, and Performance in Emerging Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research studying the link between law and finance has concentrated on country-level investor protection measures and focused on differences in legal systems across countries and legal families. Klapper and Love extend this literature and provide a study of firm-level corporate governance practices across emerging markets and a greater understanding of the environments under which corporate governance matters more. Their

Inessa Love; Leora F. Klapper

2002-01-01

64

Remaking the corporation: The 1991 U.S. Sentencing Guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an essay about the philosophical and practical problems associated with the concept of punishment for corporations that have grievously broken the law. It is specifically an essay about the special incentives that the U.S. Government has put in place to encourage American corporations to create comprehensive ethics programs and observe them faithfully. First, I will look at the

Robert J. Rafalko

1994-01-01

65

Client loyalty and defection in the corporate legal industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the legal service industry matures and becomes saturated, more traditional forms of marketing may need to be replaced by the adoption of newer relationship concepts. This article reports on a research investigation among corporate clients of UK law firms. The findings reveal that satisfaction with the service is the key factor that influences corporate clients to stay loyal to

Dayananda Palihawadana; Bradley R. Barnes

2004-01-01

66

Corporate Governance: Towards a Theory of Regulatory Shift  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing effective corporate governance regulation and controls is a contemporary challenge to all law makers. There exists a need to restore investor confidence while seeking to facilitate and encourage enterprise. This paper reflects on the traditional choice between shareholder versus stakeholder models of corporate governance and suggests that these are inappropriate in the light of emerging news theories of the

J. Kirkbride; S. Letza; X. Sun

2005-01-01

67

The child's right to corporal integrity in the school setting: A right without a remedy under the constitution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the law recognizes the right of teachers to corporally punish their students, teachers must act within reasonable parameters. This paper, by examining the evolution of the standard of reasonableness from the common law to its current application in constitutional law, studies the extent of the teachers’ parameters. Historically, teachers derived their authority to corporally punish students through the doctrine

Elizabeth R. Levine Levy

1983-01-01

68

Corporate Governance and Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance is concerned with the resolution of collective action problems among dispersed investors and the reconciliation of conflicts of interest between various corporate claimholders. In this survey we review the theoretical and empirical research on the main mechanisms of corporate control, discuss the main legal and regulatory institutions in different countries, and examine the comparative corporate governance literature. A

Patrick Bolton; Marco Becht; Alisa Roell

2002-01-01

69

American Corporate Copyright: A Brilliant, Uncoordinated Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

At first glance, American copyright law and policy seem to be dictated entirely by a monolithic block of corporate rightsholders. Over the last twenty years, powerful interests including Disney, the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP), Microsoft, and the American Motion Picture Association (AMPA), have successfully lobbied Congress for copyright term extensions, copyright restoration, software anticircumvention legislation, protection

Paul J. Heald

2005-01-01

70

Effective health care corporate compliance.  

PubMed

The pace and intensity of oversight and investigation of health care organizations has greatly increased at all levels. Well run organizations with ethical management committed to following all laws and regulations are still at risk for compliance violations and punitive penalties. Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, organizations with an "effective" corporate compliance program may receive reduced penalties. The seven components of an effective program as defined in the guidelines are: (1) Standards and procedures; (2) oversight responsibilities; (3) employee training; (4) monitoring and auditing; (5) reporting systems; (6) enforcement and discipline; and (7) response and prevention. Lack of a compliance program needlessly exposes the organization to an avoidable risk of damage from non-compliance--whether intentional or not. Moreover, an effective program can contribute to the efficient operation of the organization and be a key piece of its corporate culture. PMID:10947465

Saum, T B; Byassee, J

71

What's Law?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A guide for secondary school social studies teachers provides materials suitable for a 10-week course on law or individual lessons on specific topics which may be covered in the social studies curriculum. Material is organized according to topics. Topic I, "What Is Law?" contains lessons on defining law, reasons for writing laws, and the relation…

Cortland-Madison Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Cortland, NY.

72

78 FR 128 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Stock Clearing Corporation of Philadelphia; Notice of Filing of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Amendment of the By-Laws of Its Parent Corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc...the amendment of the by-laws of its parent corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc...family member' means a person's spouse, parents, children and siblings, whether by...

2013-01-02

73

78 FR 132 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Boston Stock Exchange Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Amendment of the By-Laws of Its Parent Corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc...the amendment of the by-laws of its parent corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc...family member' means a person's spouse, parents, children and siblings, whether by...

2013-01-02

74

77 FR 44301 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Boston Stock Exchange Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Change With Respect to the Amendment of the By-Laws of Its Parent Corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. (``NASDAQ OMX...change with respect to the amendment of the by-laws of its parent corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. (``NASDAQ...

2012-07-27

75

77 FR 44299 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Stock Clearing Corporation of Philadelphia; Notice of Filing of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Change With Respect to the Amendment of the By-Laws of Its Parent Corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. (``NASDAQ OMX...change with respect to the amendment of the by-laws of its parent corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. (``NASDAQ...

2012-07-27

76

Bringing the corporation into corporate branding  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes corporate branding as an organisational tool whose successful application depends on attending to the strategic, organisational and communicational context in which it is used. A model to help managers analyse context in terms of the alignment between strategic vision, organisational culture and corporate image is presented. The model is based on a gap analysis, which enables managers

Mary Jo Hatch; Majken Schultz

2003-01-01

77

Corporate Initiatives Guidebook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this project was to study representative examples of corporate initiatives for downtown development and to develop a generic model for corporate response to center city economic development issues. Working through its network of local downt...

W. Black

1983-01-01

78

Wetland Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

State and Federal laws affecting coastal wetlands and the importance of these laws to the wetland areas are discussed. Wetlands usually include swamps, marshes, bogs, sloughs, mud flats, and natural ponds. The term 'wetland' encompasses a variety of envir...

F. Dennis

1982-01-01

79

Benford's Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benford's Law predicts the frequency of the lead- ing digit in numbers met in a wide range of natu- rally occurring phenomena. In data following Ben- ford's Law, numbers start with a small leading digit more often those with a large leading digit. Here we demonstrate that Benford's Law also describes a wide range of computational phenomena. In par- ticular,

Ian Gent; Toby Walsh

80

Radiation Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site lists physical laws that describe radiation. Topics covered include the Plank Radiation Law, and the Wien and Stefan-Boltzmann Laws. The site also features a table summarizing the blackbody temperatures necessary to give a peak for emitted radiation in various regions of the spectrum, and three Java applets illustrating important properties of blackbody radiation.

Astronomy, Department O.; Knoxville, University O.

81

Reflections on corporate reputations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the importance of corporate reputation to the management of contemporary organisations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach takes the form of survey research and case studies. The paper is informed by corporate image and reputation research undertaken for major international corporations, governments and NGOs in the UK and in countries throughout the

Robert Worcester

2009-01-01

82

Environmental Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has compiled a list of the seventeen major environmental laws which govern their agency and the programs they administer. Users can link to summaries or the full-text version of each law, provided, for the most part, by Cornell University. Those new to the subject may want to visit the Introduction to Laws and Regulations section, which explains how environmental laws come into being. Additional sections of the site--Regulations and Proposed Rules, Codified Regulations, and Current Legislation and Laws--link to further information such as Federal Register documents issued by EPA and the Code of Federal Regulations database.

Agency., United S.

83

Australian Broadcasting Corporation Online: Radio National  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The highlights of this Australian Broadcasting Corporation site are transcripts of radio shows in the areas of health, law, religion, sports, and current affairs. Also included are transcripts of Ockham's Razor, a show covering many different topics in which one "thoughtful [person] has [his or her] say without pesky interviewers interrupting." Time coverage varies, with some shows' transcripts dating back to 1995. The site also contains other program and pertinent information about this network, on the air since 1932.

1997-01-01

84

Punishments in Islamic Criminal Law as Antithetical to Human Dignity: The Nigerian Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1999 twelve states of Northern Nigeria extended the application of the Sharia legal system from personal law to all aspects of civil law and also to the field of criminal law. The punishments prescribed by the Sharia criminal laws include corporal punishment, death by stoning, haddi lashing, caning, amputation of hand or leg or both, and heavy fines. Local

Osita Nnamani Ogbu

2005-01-01

85

Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter examines the ideas and ideology associated with the contemporary corporate social responsibility (CSR) movement,\\u000a and discusses how new approaches to corporate social responsibility are changing the relationship between the corporate and\\u000a third sectors. Changes in this relationship raise questions in turn about shifts in attitudes, behaviors, and practices within\\u000a third sector organizations as well as in their external

Brenda Gainer

86

Corporate Directors and Social Responsibility: Ethics versus Shareholder Value  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the results of an experiment conducted with experienced corporate directors. The study findings indicate\\u000a that directors employ prospective rationality cognition, and they sometimes make decisions that emphasize legal defensibility\\u000a at the expense of personal ethics and social responsibility. Directors recognize the ethical and social implications of their\\u000a decisions, but they believe that current corporate law requires

Jacob M. Rose

2007-01-01

87

Creating corporate advantage.  

PubMed

What differentiates truly great corporate strategies from the merely adequate? How can executives at the corporate level create tangible advantage for their businesses that makes the whole more than the sum of the parts? This article presents a comprehensive framework for value creation in the multibusiness company. It addresses the most fundamental questions of corporate strategy: What businesses should a company be in? How should it coordinate activities across businesses? What role should the corporate office play? How should the corporation measure and control performance? Through detailed case studies of Tyco International, Sharp, the Newell Company, and Saatchi and Saatchi, the authors demonstrate that the answers to all those questions are driven largely by the nature of a company's special resources--its assets, skills, and capabilities. These range along a continuum from the highly specialized at one end to the very general at the other. A corporation's location on the continuum constrains the set of businesses it should compete in and limits its choices about the design of its organization. Applying the framework, the authors point out the common mistakes that result from misaligned corporate strategies. Companies mistakenly enter businesses based on similarities in products rather than the resources that contribute to competitive advantage in each business. Instead of tailoring organizational structures and systems to the needs of a particular strategy, they create plain-vanilla corporate offices and infrastructures. The company examples demonstrate that one size does not fit all. One can find great corporate strategies all along the continuum. PMID:10179655

Collis, D J; Montgomery, C A

88

Ohm's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

See how the equation form of Ohm's law relates to a simple circuit. Adjust the voltage and resistance, and see the current change according to Ohm's law. The sizes of the symbols in the equation change to match the circuit diagram.

Simulations, Phet I.; Dubson, Michael; Gratny, Mindy

2004-06-01

89

LAW FACTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article is not dedicated to a subject matter of research. Instead it outlines various kinds of facts commonly used to analyze the relations of law and society. To illustrate, it gives examples of eight distinct kinds of facts on how action departs from relevant laws on the books: actions in crusades; actions following deep norms when coordination norms

Arthur L. Stinchcombe

2005-01-01

90

Do Data Breach Disclosure Laws Reduce Identity Theft?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the United States, identity theft resulted in corporate and consumer losses of $56 billion dollars in 2005, with up to 35 percent of known identity thefts caused by corporate data breaches. Many states have responded by adopting data breach disclosure laws that require firms to notify consumers if their personal information has been lost or…

Romanosky, Sasha; Telang, Rahul; Acquisti, Alessandro

2011-01-01

91

Corporate sponsored image films  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vast number of high quality corporate image and advocacy films, combined with the many other instruments of persuasion and control by corporations, powerfully direct the attitudes of the populace. In the absence of equal access, the best protection against deception from any powerful institution is skepticism — minds trained in critical thinking. But technically proficient, expensive films (costing from

James R. Bennett

1983-01-01

92

International Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We survey two generations of research on corporate governance systems around the world, concentrating on countries other than the United States. The first generation of international corporate governance research is patterned after the US research that precedes it. These studies examine individual governance mechanisms – particularly board composition and equity ownership – in individual countries. The second generation of international

Diane K. Denis; John J. McConnell

2001-01-01

93

International Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We survey two generations of research on corporate governance systems around the world, concentrating on countries other than the United States. The first generation of international corporate governance research is patterned after the US research that precedes it. These studies examine individual governance mechanisms - particularly board composition and equity ownership - in individual countries. The second generation of international

Diane K. Denis; John J. McConnell

2002-01-01

94

Corporate Crime and Restitution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Articulates need, nature, and form of a restitutionary approach to corporate crime. Considers small, in-prison production-oriented programs; residential in-community programs, and nonresidential in-community programs for individual offenders; also considers lump sum and continuous payments for corporations to make restitution. (NRB)|

Abel, Charles F.

1985-01-01

95

Entering the Corporate Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This seminar guide was designed for use with a series of slides in training administrators to market an educational program or service to corporations. The seminar explains the following eight stages in planning entry into the corporate market: identifying appropriate publics; researching the market (analyzing supply and demand, collecting data,…

Greenshields, Garry W.

96

Lower Manhattan Development Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the search for closure and emotional healing continues for many New Yorkers and those who lost family in the tragic events that took place on September 11, 2001, the work of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation moves on in an attempt to coordinate long term planning for the World Trade Center. Established by Governor Pataki and then-Mayor Rudy Giuliani, the LMDC is a joint state-city corporation governed by a 16-member board of directors. The site contains information on the Corporation's primary activities, including information about the memorial design competition for the site and the programs and resources for individuals, residents, and businesses in the area coordinated by the Corporation. Most recently, the Corporation has placed the proposed new World Trade Center site design concepts on the site for public examination. The design site concepts feature the work of seven internationally known firms, such as Richard Meier and Foster and Partners.

2002-01-01

97

Florida Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fine collection from the University of Florida's George A. Smathers Libraries documents the laws and legal heritage of Florida. It has digitized texts from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center and the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History as well as other sources. This omnibus collection features the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, a variety of general texts on Florida laws, and the Florida Water Law collection. This last collection is particularly fascinating as it brings together over 7,000 documents related to long-term water management plans across the Sunshine State. Moving on, the Florida Historical Legal Documents section of the site contains primary source materials that survey changes in Florida law from 1822 through 1845, when the area became a state. Finally, the House Journal section brings together the official record of actions taken by the House and its committees.

2011-01-01

98

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This set of four educational wall-sheets includes Newton's Three Laws and the Law of Gravitation. They include activities that are designed to be displayed as a set on classroom walls. The pre-activity reading featuring the Swift satellite and most activities can be used in middle-school classrooms. Optional extension activities are suitable for advanced middle-school students and students in ninth grade.

Cominsky, Lynn

2010-01-01

99

Does Delaware law improve firm value?  

Microsoft Academic Search

I present evidence consistent with the theory that Delaware corporate law improves firm value and facilitates the sale of public firms. Using Tobin's Q as an estimate of firm value, I find that Delaware firms are worth significantly more than similar firms incorporated elsewhere. The result is robust to controls for firm size, diversification, profitability, investment opportunity, industry, managerial ownership,

Robert Daines

2001-01-01

100

Corporate governance as a determinant of corporate values  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to test the impact of corporate governance structure on corporate values. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper employs factor analysis and three-stage least squares to identify and explain variance in corporate values. Findings – In accordance with the proposed theoretical framework ownership, board and stakeholder structure are found to influence corporate values. When value determinants are taken

Steen Thomsen

2005-01-01

101

Value creation through corporate destruction? Corporate governance in shipping takeovers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates corporate governance implications for shareholder value in shipping takeovers. Inadequate corporate governance structures are shown to affect corporate growth and even turn a company into a takeover target. The interesting case study of Stelmar Shipping is employed in an event study model, in order to evaluate the impact of takeover bids on corporate value and assess target

Theodore Syriopoulos; Ioannis Theotokas

2007-01-01

102

Corporate ethical consulting: Developing management strategies for corporate ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase of scandals in the business sector is forcing many companies to examine their corporate ethical behavior with a view toward rebuilding their corporate value system. This article describes how value-system reconstruction must proceed in a company and demonstrates that corporate ethics can only become plausible if based on a corporate ethical ethos. It outlines a five-step development plan

Richard H. Guerrette

1988-01-01

103

Detecting Fraud in Data Sets Using Benford's Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important need of governments, for tax purposes, and corporations, for internal audits, is the ability to detect fraudulently reported financial data. Benford's Law is a numerical phenomenon in which sets of data that are counting or measuring some event follow a certain distribution. A history of the origins of Benford's Law is given and the types of data sets

Christina Lynn Geyer; Patricia Pepple Williamson

2004-01-01

104

Controlling Organized Crime: A Critique of Law Enforcement Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite recent claims by federal law enforcement officials, efforts to reduce the level of organized crime have not met with success. This is the case because policy makers and the law enforcement community cling to a faulty model of organized crime in the United States: an alien conspiracy theory. It depicts organized crime as an underworld corporate enterprise comprised of

Stephen Mastrofski; Gary Potter

1987-01-01

105

GIBRAT'S LAW REVISITED IN A TRANSITION ECONOMY. THE HUNGARIAN CASE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper investigates the validity of Gibrat's Law in Hungarian agriculture. Employing various specifications including OLS, two-step Heckman model and quantile regressions our results strongly reject Gibrat?s Law for full sample. Estimations suggest that small farms tend to grow faster than larger ones. However, splitting the sample into two subgroups (corporate and family farms) we found different results. For family

Lajos Zoltan Bakucs; Imre Ferto

2007-01-01

106

Concentrated control and corporate value: a comparative analysis of single and dual class structures in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study directly examines the empirical relationship between corporate value and three distinct ownership structures using data from Canada, where the security laws and shareholder protection conditions are similar to those of the US (La Porta et al., 1999) but corporate control tends to be more concentrated (Holderness et al., 1999). Ownership structure is classified in three ways: dual class

Brian Frederick Smith; Ben Amoako-Adu; Madhu Kalimipalli

2009-01-01

107

“Justifying Corporate Speech Regulation Through a Town-Meeting Understanding of the Marketplace of Ideas”  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate between the majority and the dissenting justices in the Supreme Court's 2003 decision in McConnell v. Federal Election Commission refocused attention on one particularly intense dispute in First Amendment law that has been simmering among the Justices over the past quarter-century: corporate speech doctrine. Although the Court extended First Amendment protection to corporate political media spending in relation

Robert L. Kerr

2007-01-01

108

78 FR 3482 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Stock Clearing Corporation of Philadelphia; Notice of Filing of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corporation of Philadelphia; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change With Respect to the Amendment of the By-Laws of Its Parent Corporation, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. December 26, 2012. Correction In notice document 2012-31464, appearing on...

2013-01-16

109

Corporate compliance: framework and implementation.  

PubMed

The federal government has created numerous programs to combat fraud and abuse. The government now encourages healthcare facilities to have a corporate compliance program (CCP), a plan that reduces the chances that the facility will violate laws or regulations. A CCP is an organization-wide program comprised of a code of conduct and written policies, internal monitoring and auditing standards, employee training, feedback mechanisms and other features, all designed to prevent and detect violations of governmental laws, regulations and policies. It is a system or method ensuring that employees understand and will comply with laws that apply to what they do every day. Seven factors, based on federal sentencing guidelines, provide the framework for developing a CCP. First, a facility must establish rules that are reasonably capable of reducing criminal conduct. Second, high-level personnel must oversee the compliance effort. Third, a facility must use due care in delegating authority in the compliance initiative. Fourth, standards must be communicated effectively to employees, and fifth, a facility must take reasonable steps to achieve compliance. Sixth, standards must be enforced consistently across the organization and last, standards must be modified or changed for reported concerns, to ensure they are not repeated. PROMINA Health System, Inc. in Atlanta, Ga., designed a program to meet federal guidelines. It started with a self-assessment to define its areas or risk. Next, it created the internal structure and assigned organizational responsibility for running the CCP. PROMINA then developed standards of business and professional conduct, established vehicles of communication and trained employees on the standards. Finally, it continues to develop evidence of the program's effectiveness by monitoring and documenting its compliance activities. PMID:10346652

Fowler, N

110

Law in Wyoming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is intended to give students an overview of laws in Wyoming. Subjects covered include civil and criminal law; courts in Wyoming; juvenile law, juvenile court procedure; rights of children; family law; employment law; automobile-related law; laws affecting the schools; and citizenship rights and responsibilities. The laws and courts…

Wyoming Law-Related Education Advisory Council, Cheyenne.

111

Corporate Author Headings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This list of corporate author headings represents a coordinated effort of Government agencies to facilitate the exchange of scientific and technical cataloging information. Of particular value are the extensive cross references which indicate variant name...

1970-01-01

112

Corporate Teaching Help Drops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Electronics, pharmaceuticals, and other industry programs to loan corporate employees to colleges and universities for short-term teaching assignments are discussed, including the advantages to both industry and the institutions and the conflicts in demand for specialists. (MSE)|

Sanger, David E.

1985-01-01

113

Detecting Corporate Failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This article introduces definitions of the terms bankruptcy, corporate failure, insolvency, as well as the methods of bankruptcy,\\u000a and popular economic failure prediction models. We will show that a firm filing for corporate insolvency does not necessarily\\u000a fail to pay off its financial obligations as they mature. Moreover, we will assume an appropriate risk monitoring system centered\\u000a by well-developed failure

Yanzhi Wang; Lin Lin; Hsien-Chang Kuo; Jenifer Piesse

114

[Anorexia and corporal mediations].  

PubMed

The body, the central point of expression of the anorexic symptom, is an important therapeutic lever.The young anorexic girl protects herself through corporal hypertonicity. This tension is consistent with her fears of seeing her body becoming that of an adult and to feel emotions and sensations with too much force. Corporal mediation consists in helping the young girls get to grips with this body. PMID:23923454

Bureau, Hélène; Moro, Marie Rose

115

Corporate Governance and Economic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is the best corporate governance system? Is the Germanic corporate governance system the best? The Japanese? The Anglo?Saxon? This article reviews some of the relevant literature for answering this question. Particular attention is devoted to corporate governance problems in developing countries. It emphasizes that the nature of problems that corporate governance systems must deal with can be expected to

Dennis C. Mueller

2006-01-01

116

Charles's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the history and theory of Charles's Law, which states, "the volume of a given quantity of gas varies directly with its temperature." A series of interactive flash animations show the application of this theory and demonstrate how different heating elements, such as candles and even the Sun, affect the molecules in common things such as balloons and thermometers. Mathematical equations are provided to demonstrate the calculations. Once the presentation is complete, a short quiz is provided to test the full understanding of the Charles's Law.

Bartelt, Terry L.

2009-04-17

117

Boyle's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the history and theory of Boyle's Law. The presentation offers two different variations of the concept. The first involves "a change in pressure exerted on a given quantity of gas causing an inverse effect on its volume." The second simply flips this first variation and shows how the change in quantity affects the pressure. The presentation is filled with helpful, and interactive, flash animations. This is not only aesthetically pleasing, but also helps the student engage with the topic. Once both variations are complete, a short quiz is provided to test the full understanding of Boyle's Law.

Bartelt, Terry L.

2009-04-16

118

Human Resource Management and Fortune' s Corporate Reputation Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relationship between human resource objectives and Fortune's corporate reputation score. Questionnaires were received from 83 human resource executives of companies measured in Fortune's survey. The questionnaire measured the degree to which the following HR objectives underlie HR activities: (1) treating employees fairly, (2) improving organizational performance, and (3) complying with the law. Results show that a

Daniel J. Koys

1997-01-01

119

Corporate Criininal Responsibility and the Public Welfare Offence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis will provide an analysis of corporate criminal responsibility by examining the evolving nature of the public welfare offence in Canada and how it affects I the traditional understanding of mens rea. Historically, criminal law has been founded upon the notion of individual responsibility. Criminal convictions were restricted to human beings as only they could possess the mental and

James Skenderis

2001-01-01

120

Corporate Farming in India: Is it must for Agricultural Development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indian agriculture is under policy reforms for some time now. One of the issues it faces is that of lack of viability of smallholdings and lack of international competitiveness of its produce. In this regard, new initiatives of reorganizaing the production systems are being attempted in the form of contract farming and corporate farming. At the state level, laws are

Sukhpal Singh

121

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes three current issues in school law, including school district suits over potentially carcinogenic asbestos insulation, a California judge's finding that captionless educational television discriminates against hearing-impaired students, and the federal government's attempt to keep the Fairfax (Virginia) school system from charging…

Splitt, David A.

1982-01-01

122

Faraday's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Light a light bulb by waving a magnet. This simulation of a Faraday's Law is from the Physics Education Technology website of University of Colorado. It is accessible for teachers and students alike. Included are links to related topics and additional ideas and activities for teachers to use.

2008-11-05

123

Copyright Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the University of the Pacific purchased a new integrated library system there was a desire to make access to all types of materials more visible in the system. This required reviewing copyright law and determining the differences in the print and electronic environment. Licensing restrictions in the contracts for electronic databases and journals also influenced how the University of

Janice M. Krueger; Karen Matthews

2004-01-01

124

A Bridle, a Prod and a Big Stick: An Evaluation of Class Actions, Shareholder Proposals and the Ultra Vires Doctrine as Methods for Controlling Corporate Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Written for the recent conference at St. John’s University Law School on “People of Color, Women, and the Public Corporation,” this paper evaluates recently applied methods of influencing corporate behavior on employment practices and recommends that a dormant legal doctrine be revitalized and added to the “tool box” of activists and concerned shareholders. The methods of influencing corporate behavior that

Adam Sulkowski; Kent Greenfield

2005-01-01

125

The commercialisation of law and the enterprising legal practitioner: continuity and change  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper engages with William Twining's longstanding concern with law as a ‘practical art’ through a discussion of the changes which the corporate law sector is currently undergoing. These changes will be examined through an analysis of qualitative data on the recruitment practices of large commercial law firms and a reading of the trade press. The evidence of these firms'

Hilary Sommerlad

2011-01-01

126

Corporate marketing: apocalypse, advent and epiphany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Corporate marketing is a marketing and management paradigm which synthesises practical and theoretical insights from corporate image and reputation, corporate identity, corporate communications and corporate branding, among other corporate-level constructs. The purpose of this paper is to explain the nature and relevance of corporate marketing and to detail the antecedents of the territory. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Via the adoption

John M. T. Balmer

2009-01-01

127

Ampereâs Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lesson begins with a demonstration introducing students to the force between two current carrying loops, comparing the attraction and repulsion between the loops to that between two magnets. After formal lecture on Ampereâs law, students begin to use the concepts to calculate the magnetic field around a loop. This is applied to determine the magnetic field of a toroid, imagining a toroid as a looped solenoid.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

128

75 FR 56631 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Options Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corporation; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Interpret By-Laws as to Dividend Adjustments...purpose of the proposed rule change is to amend...Article VI, Section 11A of OCC's By-Laws to allow the...

2010-09-16

129

The end of corporate chemical secrecy  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) which moves the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the states beyond regulating hazardous wastes to controlling industrial use of hazardous substances generally. These 1986 revisions to federal law require broad disclosure of significant quantities of hazardous substances that companies make or use in a community, and how much of these substances they release into the environment. The information will be in the hands of local emergency planning committees and fire departments, and, in some cases, state agencies and the EPA. In addition, Title III requires local industry to be a part of emergency planning by municipalities. These Community Right-to-Know and emergency planning requirements in federal law herald the end of corporate chemical secrecy.

McGregor, G.I. (McGregor, Shea and Doliner, Boston, MA (US))

1988-09-01

130

Bragg's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It may be beneficial to have students perform the Wave Interference activity prior to engaging them in this activity. The following handouts are identical, with the exception that one is in Word format, while the other is in PDF format. The students should perform the exercise in a computer laboratory. Before proceeding through the questions, they should be given an opportunity to review the material on this web page. Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet (Acrobat (PDF) 73kB Mar2 10) Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet for Word (Microsoft Word 37kB Feb25 10) The following Powerpoint presentation can be used as an introduction to Bragg's Law. Bragg\\'s Law Powerpoint Presentation (PowerPoint 974kB Feb25 10) Wave Interference Activity Prior to investigating Bragg's law through this activity, it may be helpful to explore interference of sinusoidal waveforms by following the link below. Wave Interference Activity Bragg's Law Applet Java Applet created by Konstantin Lukin with supervision by Glenn A. Richard, Project Java Webmaster Original Bragg's Law Applet page on Mineral Physics Institute web server at Stony Brook University: Project Java - Bragg's Law and Diffraction: How waves reveal the atomic structure of crystals Bragg's Law refers to the simple equation: nà = 2d sinà derived by the English physicists Sir W.H. Bragg and his son Sir W.L. Bragg in 1913 to explain why the cleavage faces of crystals appear to reflect X-ray beams at certain angles of incidence (Ã, Ã). The variable d is the distance between atomic layers in a crystal, and the variable lambda is the wavelength of the incident X-ray beam (see applet); n is an integer. This observation is an example of X-ray wave interference (Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen), commonly known as X-ray diffraction (XRD), and was direct evidence for the periodic atomic structure of crystals postulated for several centuries. The Braggs were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1915 for their work in determining crystal structures beginning with NaCl, ZnS and diamond. Although Bragg's law was used to explain the interference pattern of X-rays scattered by crystals, diffraction has been developed to study the structure of all states of matter with any beam, e.g., ions, electrons, neutrons, and protons, with a wavelength similar to the distance between the atomic or molecular structures of interest. How to Use this Applet The applet shows two rays incident on two atomic layers of a crystal, e.g., atoms, ions, and molecules, separated by the distance d. The layers look like rows because the layers are projected onto two dimensions and your view is parallel to the layers. The applet begins with the scattered rays in phase and interferring constructively. Bragg's Law is satisfied and diffraction is occurring. The meter indicates how well the phases of the two rays match. The small light on the meter is green when Bragg's equation is satisfied and red when it is not satisfied. The meter can be observed while the three variables in Bragg's are changed by clicking on the scroll-bar arrows and by typing the values in the boxes. The d and à variables can be changed by dragging on the arrows provided on the crystal layers and scattered beam, respectively. Bragg's Law Applet with details meter activated, but no constructive interference. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are not aligned. Bragg's Law Applet with constructive interference and n = 2. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are aligned. Deriving Bragg's Law by Paul Schields Bragg's Law can easily be derived by considering the conditions necessary to make the phases of the beams coincide when the incident angle equals and reflecting angle. The rays of the incident beam are always in phase and parallel up to the point at which the top beam strikes the top layer at atom z (Fig. 1). The second beam continues to the next layer where it is scattered by atom B. The second beam must travel the extra distance AB + BC if the two beams are to continue traveling adjacent and parallel. This extra distance must be an integral (n) multiple of the wavelength (Ã) for the phases of the two beams to be the same: nà = AB +BC (2). Fig. 1 Deriving Bragg's Law using the reflection geometry and applying trigonometry. The lower beam must travel the extra distance (AB + BC) to continue traveling parallel and adjacent to the top beam. Recognizing d as the hypotenuse of the right triangle Abz, we can use trigonometry to relate d and à to the distance (AB + BC). The distance AB is opposite à so, AB = d sinÃ(3). Because AB = BC eq. (2) becomes, nà = 2AB (4) Substituting eq. (3) in eq. (4) we have, nà = 2 d sinÃ, (1) and Bragg's Law has been derived. The location of the surface does not change the derivation of Bragg's Law. Experimental Diffraction Patterns The following figures show experimental x-ray diffraction patterns of cubic SiC using synchrotron radiation. Detail from previous image Players in the Discovery of X-ray Diffraction Friedrich and Knipping first observed Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen in 1912 after a hint from their research advisor, Max von Laue, at the University of Munich. Bragg's Law greatly simplified von Laue's description of X-ray interference. The Braggs used crystals in the reflection geometry to analyze the intensity and wavelengths of X-rays (spectra) generated by different materials. Their apparatus for characterizing X-ray spectra was the Bragg spectrometer. Laue knew that X-rays had wavelengths on the order of 1 Ã. After learning that Paul Ewald's optical theories had approximated the distance between atoms in a crystal by the same length, Laue postulated that X-rays would diffract, by analogy to the diffraction of light from small periodic scratches drawn on a solid surface (an optical diffraction grating). In 1918 Ewald constructed a theory, in a form similar to his optical theory, quantitatively explaining the fundamental physical interactions associated with XRD. Elements of Ewald's eloquent theory continue to be useful for many applications in physics. Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus in the Mineral Physics Institute High Pressure Laboratory at Stony Brook University Do We Have Diamonds? If we perform a high pressure experiment in a press, such as the Kennedy-Walker split cylinder apparatus, to convert graphite into diamonds, we can use X-ray diffraction techniques to determine whether we achieved the intended result. The carbon atoms in graphite are arranged into planes that are separated by d-spacings of 3.35Ã. If we use X-rays with a wavelength (Ã) of 1.54Ã, and we have diamonds in the material we are testing, we will find peaks on our X-ray pattern at à values that correspond to each of the d-spacings that characterize diamond. These d-spacings are 1.075Ã, 1.261Ã, and 2.06Ã. To discover where to expect peaks if diamond, graphite, or both are present, you can set à to 1.54à in the applet, and set distance to one of the d-spacings. Then start with à at 6 degrees, and vary it until you find a Bragg's condition. Do the same with each of the remaining d-spacings. Remember that in the applet, you are varying Ã, while on the X-ray pattern printout, the angles are given as 2Ã. Consequently, when the applet indicates a Bragg's condition at a particular angle, you must multiply that angle by 2 to locate the angle on the X-ray pattern printout where you would expect a peak. First stage anvils in the Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus

Richard, Glenn

131

Corporate branding with the help of corporate real estate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, many companies try to attract customers by bundling all marketing efforts under a common corpo- rate brand to reflect the organization's identity. The principle of corporate branding suggests that the corporate brand ought to be thoroughly embedded throughout the entire company in order to be successful. Therefore, also Corporate Real Estate (CRE) must be managed in accordance with it.

HAJA Appel-Meulenbroek; Dave Havermans; Anneke van Kempen

2000-01-01

132

Ownership structure, corporate governance and corporate performance in Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Following the 1997 Asian financial crisis, the Malaysian Government introduced new regulations on corporate governance, recognizing the importance of restoring market confidence. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the impact of the implementation of these new regulations on corporate performance. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Regression analysis was performed to examine factors influencing corporate performance. Ownership structure was represented

Nazli Anum Mohd Ghazali

2010-01-01

133

Reporting corporate crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines corporate fraud and its relationship with the media. Discusses rise in volume of fraud, due to technological advances, more teamwork and the involvement of organised crime. Looks at the decline in financial reporting this century, with the fourth estate or watchdog traditions of the press not overly concerned with financial news, due to the growth in market-driven journalism. This

Clem Lloyd; Paul Walton

1999-01-01

134

Contractual corporate governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Companies have the choice to deviate from their national corporate governance standards by opting into another system. They can do so via contractual devices – such as cross-border mergers and acquisitions, (re)incorporations, and cross-listings – which enable them to choose their preferred level of investor protection and regulation. This paper reviews these three main contractual governance devices, their effect on

Marc Goergen; L. D. R. Renneboog

2008-01-01

135

GLOBALISATION AND CORPORATE POWER  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to establish a view of the world within which globalisation and corporate power interact and shape the nature of the modern market economy. Drawing upon a range of theory and evidence, we consider the implications of the growth of transnational firms and concentrated market structures within the advanced industrial countries. We see ourselves as offering a framework

Keith Cowling; Philip R. Tomlinson

2005-01-01

136

The Corporate Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many states, schools use programs developed by industry to teach about environmental issues. Corporate-sponsored curricula appear to expose children to knowledge about nature, energy use, solid waste, and recycling, but they often actually display an incomplete and self-serving picture that is raising concern among environmentalists and…

Stenger, Richard S.

1991-01-01

137

The Agricultural Satellite Corporation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Agricultural satellite Corporation (AG*SAT) is a consortium of 43 land-grant universities and two agencies of the USDA joined together to produce and share educational programming via satellite, computer, and other technologies. Sparked by the opportunity to receive Federal funding for satellite receive and transmit facilities, the institutions have invested financial and personnal resources in the purchase and installation of

Randall G. Bretz

1993-01-01

138

Bullard's Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first scientist to measure heat flow through the floor of the oceans systematically, Teddy Bullard had received his Ph D in the thirties as a nuclear physicist under Rutherford at Cambridge University. Immediately before WWII and then entirely thereafter, Teddy Bullard devoted himself to better understanding the Earth, ending his career as the Head of the Department of Geodesy and Geophysics at Cambridge. However, he sometimes regretted that he had had to abandon nuclear physics to find a job. He especially bemoaned the fact that unlike, most of his contemporaries from the Cavendish, he had had no important physical law named after him. To rectify this oversight Maurice Hill, the leader of the marine group at the Department, formulated what came to be known Bullard's Law - "Never take a second heat flow measurement within 20 km of the original for fear that it differ from the first by two orders of magnitude". In this presentation, I review the background information that led to Bullard's Law, to the realization that the early workers (1949 - 1965: Maxwell, Von Herzen, Bullard, Day, Langseth, Gerard, Uyeda, Yasui, Vacquier, Reitzel, Nason and Lee amongst others) had measured the heat flow correctly and that they had observed a large but real variability in heat flow near the crest of the mid-ocean ridges. I discuss the early attempts to explain the variability, and, the various sedimentary observations (Skornyakova, Arrhenius, Bonatti and Bostrom), magnetic measurements (Irving) and physical inferences (Elder and Lister) that led to the realization that fluid flowing through the oceanic crust might have created the variability. I finish by discussing an expedition to the Galapagos Spreading Center where NSF funded Dick Von Herzen and I to prove Lister wrong. Instead our graduate student Dave Williams, to my surprise but not Dick's, observed the first deep sea hydrothermal plume. The rest is history.

Sclater, J. G.

2002-12-01

139

Conservation Laws  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the case of the free particle, we interpreted various components of the energy-momentum-stress density as fluxes of energy and momentum. This interpretation can obviously be extended also to particle ensembles and gases. When we speak of fluxes we usually think of quantities that are conserved. In special relativity, energy and momentum are conserved. In general relativity, they are no longer generally conserved, at least if we do not include the energy and momentum of the gravitational field itself. Nevertheless, their densities and fluxes satisfy a covariant generalization of a true conservation law, which is quite easy to obtain.

Dewitt, Bryce; Christensen, Steven M.

140

Corporate governance and liquidity management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper constructs an integrative indicator system of corporate governance, investigates the relation of corporate governance and liquidity, and illustrates investors' valuation of cash holding. Corporate governance significantly effects cash holding and cash value. Well-governed firms tends to hold less cash, and the cash value of them is higher than that of poorly-governed firms, which means investors pay liquidity premium

Boyan Liu; Zhebing Wang

2010-01-01

141

Corporate Largesse or Glad Hand?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gives a background on early educational sponsorship programs initiated by corporations. Discusses skepticism by consumers; Channel One and direct advertising to students; the need for schools to carefully manage relationships with corporations providing technology; and the necessity of corporate support for the future of technology in schools.…

Norton, Robert

1998-01-01

142

Corporate Largesse or Glad Hand?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives a background on early educational sponsorship programs initiated by corporations. Discusses skepticism by consumers; Channel One and direct advertising to students; the need for schools to carefully manage relationships with corporations providing technology; and the necessity of corporate support for the future of technology in schools.…

Norton, Robert

1998-01-01

143

Local Prosecutors and Corporate Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a national survey and interviews, this article describes the attitudes and practices of local prosecutors regarding corporate crime. Although most local prosecutors did not regard corporate crime as a serious problem, their willingness to prosecute increases if an offense causes substantial harm and other agencies fail to act. Despite repeated calls for coordinated responses to corporate crime, relatively

Michael L. Benson; Francis T. Cullen; William J. Maakestad

1990-01-01

144

Creating corporate advantage through purchasing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do many corporate sourcing initiatives fail? In capturing corporate sourcing synergies CPO's need to manage the delicate balance between corporate synergy and decentralized business unit autonomy. This paper explains how CPO's may effectively capture purchasing synergies among individual business units. Based on our research, it will become clear that there are four important drivers for success: leadership & control,

Weele van AJ; FA Rozemeijer

2007-01-01

145

Accounting for Good Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Good corporate governance (GCG) is a mandatory requirement in today's corporate world by every stakeholder groups. Failure of giant corporate groups in last two-three decades strengthens the demand further. And surprisingly, in some of such failures, accounting as a discipline is held liable. The way accounting is practiced or the interpretations that may give different prescriptions in similar situations are

Nikhil Chandra Shil

2008-01-01

146

Global Corporate Security - Experiences & Lessons  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the essential features of the philosophy of corporate security, its historical development and the growth of the impact of globalisation and the development of the corporate culture. The presentation will consider the impact of a range of external influences, including the New World Order, terrorism, environmentalism and the impact of litigation and changes in perception of corporate

Stewart Kidd

147

Administrative Law: The Hidden Comparative Law Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the main contribution of the Administrative Law course to law students is that it presents problems which contrast with those of the standard court-centered curriculum and can illuminate other areas of law, repeatedly confronting students with doctrinal differences. Offers several examples from civil procedure, constitutional law, and…

Strauss, Peter L.

1996-01-01

148

26 CFR 301.9100-19T - Election relating to passive investment income of electing small business corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...relating to passive investment income of electing small business corporations...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE...PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION General Rules Application of Internal Revenue Laws § 301.9100-19T...

2013-04-01

149

RP96-11 The Farm Corporation: What It Is, How It Works, How It Is Taxed  

Microsoft Academic Search

A corporation is an artificial person that is created and operated according to state corporation statutes. It is a separate taxpayer subject to specific and detailed federal, state, and local tax laws. The advice and service of your lawyer are indispensable in organizing and operating a farm corporation.\\u000aThere are three basic forms of farm business organization, the sole proprietorship,

Neil E. Harl

1996-01-01

150

Industrial Analytics Corporation  

SciTech Connect

The lost foam casting process is sensitive to the properties of the EPS patterns used for the casting operation. In this project Industrial Analytics Corporation (IAC) has developed a new low voltage x-ray instrument for x-ray radiography of very low mass EPS patterns. IAC has also developed a transmitted visible light method for characterizing the properties of EPS patterns. The systems developed are also applicable to other low density materials including graphite foams.

Industrial Analytics Corporation

2004-01-30

151

Corporate Responsibility und Sponsoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Anwaltskanzleien und Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaften nutzen immer häufiger das breite Spektrum des Sponsorings als ein eigenständiges\\u000a Kommunikationsinstrument. Dabei ist die Definition, was unter Sponsoring verstanden wird recht uneinheitlich. Für bestimmte\\u000a Ausprägungen des Sponsorings trifft dies sicherlich zu. Jedoch gilt das Sponsoring eines Sportvereins, einer Charity-Veranstaltung\\u000a oder die großzügige Weihnachtsspende an ein Kinderhilfswerk oft auch als Ausweis gesellschaftlichen Engagements, auch Corporate\\u000a Responsibility (CR)

Sabine Reuss; Stefanie Wismeth

152

Korrespondenz und Corporate Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Wally Olins schreibt in seinem Buch Corporate Identity: „Alles, was die Organisation tut, muss ihre Identität bekräftigen.\\u000a Die Produkte, die das Unternehmen herstellt oder verkauft, müssen seine Normen und Werte vermitteln. Die Gebäude, in denen\\u000a es Leistung erbringt und anbietet […], ihr Standort […] sind allesamt Ausdruck der Identität. Das Kommunikationsmaterial der\\u000a Firma, von der Werbung bis hin zur Bedienungsanleitung,

Wolf Scholz

153

law, economic analysis of  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the economic analysis of five primary fields of law: property law; liability for accidents; contract law; litigation; and public enforcement and criminal law. It also briefly considers some criticisms of the economic analysis of law. Keywords adverse possession; asymmetric information; Becker, G.; Bentham, J.; bona fide purchase rule; Coase, R.; collective action; compensated takings; contract formation; contractual

A. Mitchell Polinsky; Steven Shavell

154

TORT LAW: GENERAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter gives a general overview of the economic literature on tort law. It discusses the legal definitions of tort law, the development of tort law, the fundamental economic rationale of tort law and the scope of tort liability. A brief overview of the main topics of the economic analysis of tort law is given.

Hans-Bernd Schäfer

155

Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site discusses three of Kepler's laws of planetary motion: the law of ellipses, the equal areas law and the harmonic law. Each law is discussed in detail and includes an interactive animation that is helpful in understanding the law.

2010-04-29

156

Drug Impaired Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

Drug Impaired Driving Laws While all states have drunk driving laws, only some have enacted laws to address drug impairment. ... in control of the vehicle. Learn More About Impaired Driving Issue Brief 3 states – California, New York and ...

157

Corporate governance and public corruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance in the private sector and corruption are important for economic development and private sector development. This paper investigates how corporate governance in private-sector media companies can affect public corruption. The analytical framework, based on models of corporate governance, identifies two channels through which media ownership concentration affects corruption: an owner effect, which discourages corruption and a competition-for-control effect

Ana Cusolito

2010-01-01

158

Kentucky Science and Technology Corporation  

NASA Website

The Kentucky Science and Technology Corporation (KSTC) is a private nonprofit organization committed to the advancement of science, technology, entrepreneurship, and innovative economic development in Kentucky.

159

CORPORATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP: A STRATEGIC AND STRUCTURAL PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently there has been a growing interest in the use of corporate entrepreneurship as a means for corporations to enhance the innovative abilities of their employees and, at the same time, increase corporate success through the creation of new corporate ventures. However, the creation of corporate activity is difficult since it involves radically changing internal organisational behaviour patterns. Researchers have

João Ferreira

2005-01-01

160

Corporate Entrepreneurship: a Strategic and Structural Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently there has been a growing interest in the use of corporate entrepreneurship as a means for corporations to enhance the innovative abilities of their employees and, at the same time, increase corporate success through the creation of new corporate ventures. However, the creation of corporate activity is difficult since it involves radically changing internal organisational behaviour patterns. Researchers have

Joao Ferreira

2002-01-01

161

The Canadian Corporate-Academic Complex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As universities more aggressively embrace corporate values, corporate management practices, corporate labor-relations policies, and corporate money, faculty associations face troubling challenges. The new reality is particularly hostile to academic freedom, and people see that hostility in the actions of corporate funders and university…

Turk, James

2010-01-01

162

Thailand's Corporate Financing and Governance Structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

November 1998Weaknesses in corporate governance and the fragile financial structure of many corporations contributed to, and deepened Thailand's recent financial crisis. Large corporations need to reduce their vulnerability to economic shocks and improve corporate governance; smaller firms should achieve a more stable funding structure.Alba, Claessens, and Djankov assess Thailand's policy options for reducing large corporations' vulnerability to economic shocks and

Pedro Alba; Stijn Claessens; Simeon Djankov

1999-01-01

163

Multinational Corporations vs. Domestic Corporations: Financial Performance and Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analysis in this paper is composed of two segments. First, the financial performance of a sample of multinational corporations (MNCs) is compared with that derived for a control group of domestic corporations (DMCs) using market-based performance measures. Then, the paper presents a comparison of selected financial characteristics of the firms in the two groups. The results suggest the DMCs

Allen Michel; Israel Shaked

1986-01-01

164

Corporate Governance in Germany and the German Corporate Governance Code  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term “corporate governance”, and all that it implies, is now in everyday use in Germany. This is due to the enormous changes Germany has experienced in recent years, in international business, international finance and in German industrial structures. This contribution deals with recent changes in the German system of corporate governance. After a short historical review, the major elements

Gerhard Cromme

2005-01-01

165

Legitimation in corporate discourse: Oil corporations after Deepwater Horizon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite growing interest in corporate discourse practices, linguists have rarely focused specifically on the discursive legitimation of institutional or corporate actors after perceived episodes of wrongdoing. This may be due to the fact that under normal conditions, legitimation may scarcely be perceptible, only reaching a significant pitch when a major crisis threatens the existence of the agents involved. Should such

Ruth Breeze

2012-01-01

166

The rise of corporate governance in corporate control research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article has two related tasks. First, we review the articles published in this Special Issue on Corporate Control, Mergers, and Acquisitions. These articles provide new evidence on several aspects of corporate control and governance including the value and performance effects of various ownership groups, the impact of internal governance structures, the effects of regulatory changes on specific industries and

Jeffry Netter; Annette Poulsen; Mike Stegemoller

2009-01-01

167

Corporate irresponsibility and corporate social responsibility: competing realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Building on the work of Carroll this article attempts to unravel, explore and explain corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a theoretical construct that has implications and consequences for corporate governance in particular, and more generally for the economy, business and society. It aims to extend Carroll's work on definitional constructs by re-examining some of the theoretical frameworks that

Brian Jones; Ryan Bowd; Ralph Tench

2009-01-01

168

Corporate mission, corporate policies and business outcomes: evidence from Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study sets out to explore questions such as: “Does mission statement matter? If so, in what ways?” Using data on mission statements of 128 large Japanese firms, the paper aims to show that corporate mission has a significant impact on corporate policies that determine employment, board, and financial structures. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper provides evidence that strong-mission

Shinichi Hirota; Katsuyuki Kubo; Hideaki Miyajima; Paul Hong; Young Won Park

2010-01-01

169

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY – CORPORATE BRANDING RELATIONSHIP: AN EMPIRICAL COMPARATIVE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current academic research on the relationship of firms’ CSR activities with corporate branding typically focuses on consumers’ and shareholders’ viewpoints. This research aims to shed light on how organisational members in firms perceive to be the impact of CSR activities upon their corporate brand strategy. Using a survey administered to companies in the U.K. and Bulgaria, the author investigate, firstly,

Bistra Vassileva

2009-01-01

170

Caribbean Conservation Corporation & Sea Turtle Survival League  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Caribbean Conservation Corporation (CCC) was founded in 1959 by sea turtle champions such as ecologist Dr. Archie Carr, who served as the CCC's Scientific Director for nearly three decades. As the oldest sea turtle organization on the globe, the CCC "works to enact protective laws and establish refuges for the preservation of sea turtle habitats and coastal environments." The CCC created the Sea Turtle Survival League (STSL) in 1993 "as a public education and advocacy program to begin addressing the threats that face U.S. sea turtle populations." The CCC & STSL website contains information about a number of sea turtle programs and projects, tracking sea turtles, different sea turtle species, and ways to become a sea turtle conservationist. CCC also offers a public discussion board, a variety of downloadable publications (including activities for kids), and a collection of related links.

2008-01-22

171

Railcars From Canada: A Misapplication of the Countervailing Duty Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Note examines the countervailing duty law and how it was applied in Railcars. Part I discusses the MTA's decision to award the subway car contract to Bombardier, Inc., a Canadian corporation. The countervailing duty proceeding and other legal actions initiated in response to the allegedly subsidized contract are also described. Part II provides a general background on the Act.

Rhonda G. Kirschner

1983-01-01

172

Legal Services: Grant to the Constitutional Law Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reviews the expenditures and activities of the Constitutional Law Center (CLC), a Legal Services Corporation (LSC) grant recipient in Cumberland, Virginia. On September 30, 1984, LSC awarded CLC a $337,000 one-time grant beginning September 15,...

1985-01-01

173

Will Corporate Income Taxation Survive?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the future of corporate income taxation, with special reference to the Netherlands. We review the empirical literature on a variety of distortions and arbitrage opportunities and pay due attention to effect sizes. An attempt is made to compare the size of various distortions in terms of the ex-post revenue impact of a corporate tax reduction. Thus, we

Ruud A. De Mooij

2005-01-01

174

Corporal Punishment and Child Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The association between corporal punishment and children's emotional and behavioral functioning was studied in a sample of 98 non-referred children with a mean age of 12.35 (SD=1.72) recruited from two school systems in the southeastern United States. Children were divided into those who had experienced no corporal punishment over approximately a…

Aucoin, Katherine J.; Frick, Paul J.; Bodin, S. Doug

2006-01-01

175

Corporate Ownership Around the World  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use data on ownership structures of large corporations in 27 wealthy economies to identify the ultimate controlling shareholders of these firms. We find that, except in economies with very good shareholder protection, relatively few of these firms are widely held, in contrast to Berle and Means's image of ownership of the modern corporation. Rather, these firms are typically controlled

Rafael La Porta; Florencio Lopez-De-Silanes; Andrei Shleifer

1999-01-01

176

The Global Corporate Governance Forum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Global Corporate Governance Forum (GCGF) is a multidonor trust fund founded by the World Bank Group and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to promote global, regional, and local initiatives that aim improving the institutional framework and practices of corporate governance. \\

Ross Levine

177

Criminal Charges in Corporate Scandals.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the collapse of Enron Corp. in late 2001, there has been a series of scandals involving major U.S. corporations. Recurring elements in the scandals include improper or fraudulent accounting, self-enrichment by corporate officers, stock trading on in...

M. Jickling P. H. Janov

2004-01-01

178

Corporate governance and innovative leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to attract readers' attention to the importance of the integration of corporate governance and innovation for companies to strive further in business. The paper also attempts to illustrate how an innovation champion can exist in companies with a good corporate governance structure and fully utilize the structure, at the same time being

M. A. Musa; S. E. Ismail; S. Othman

2008-01-01

179

Corporate Governance in Financial Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 29th - 30th March 2007, SUERF and the Central Bank of Cyprus jointly organized a Seminar: Corporate Governance in Financial Institutions. The papers in the present publication are based on a sample of the presentations at the Seminar. Together, the papers illuminate a number of key issues in corporate governance in a variety of financial firms. In the first

Spyros G. Stavrinakis; Christian Harm; David T. Llewellyn; Bridget Gandy; Peter Shaw; Peter Tebbutt; Mark Young

180

Corporal Punishment and Child Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The association between corporal punishment and children's emotional and behavioral functioning was studied in a sample of 98 non-referred children with a mean age of 12.35 (SD=1.72) recruited from two school systems in the southeastern United States. Children were divided into those who had experienced no corporal punishment over approximately a…

Aucoin, Katherine J.; Frick, Paul J.; Bodin, S. Doug

2006-01-01

181

Fostering Rural/Corporate Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how rural groups might approach corporations to forge partnerships for a variety of educational and community programs and activities. Makes specific suggestions for selecting corporations, writing the first requests for information, evaluating responses, and following up leads. Includes a section on the workings of Apple Computer's…

Vermillion, Mark

1986-01-01

182

64 FR 42728 - International Uranium (USA) Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Number 40-9048] International Uranium (USA) Corporation AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...a request from International Uranium (USA) Corporation that the NRC terminate all...a predecessor of International Uranium (USA) Corporation. The NRC received a...

1999-08-05

183

12 CFR 563.201 - Corporate opportunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-01-01 true Corporate opportunity. 563.201 Section 563.201...and Bonding § 563.201 Corporate opportunity. (a) If you are a director...must not take advantage of corporate opportunities belonging to the savings...

2013-01-01

184

12 CFR 163.201 - Corporate opportunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Corporate opportunity. 163.201 Section 163.201...and Bonding § 163.201 Corporate opportunity. (a) If you are a director...must not take advantage of corporate opportunities belonging to the savings...

2013-01-01

185

Electronic data interchange: The perspectives of private international law and data protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following considerations deal with the impact of private international law and data protection regulations on electronic data interchange (EDI). The article is based on the example of a German corporation which transfers personal data of employees to a British transferee. These transborder data flows lead to the difficult question of which law has to be applied. It is intended

Thomas Hoeren

1992-01-01

186

Students and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as a practical approach to the study of law, this publication offers seven lesson plans focusing on legal topics that have potential significance to high school students preparing to enter the world of work. Lesson plans address the following topics: minors and the law, automobile insurance, employment law, sports and the law, computer…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

187

Law As a Career.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a guide for people considering a career in law, this booklet addresses the following questions: (1) "What is the lawyer's role in society?" (2) "Should you be a lawyer?" (3) "What about jobs?" (4) "How much do lawyers make?" (5) "How do you choose a law school?" (6) "How to get into law school?" (7) "What is law school like?" (8) "How…

American Bar Association, Chicago, IL. Public Education Div.

188

Innovations in Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" looks at historical and recent innovations in law. The first article examines the code of laws developed by the ancient Hebrews which influenced Roman law, English law, and the U.S. Declaration of Independence and Constitution. The second article explores Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of…

Martz, Carlton

2000-01-01

189

Hyperphysics: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Hyperphysics page, from Georgia State University, provides detailed explanations for each of Kepler's Laws: the Law of Orbits, Law of Periods, and the Law of Areas. Each description offers appropriate formulas and equations as well as related images and graphics. Various links are provided throughout the article for related information.

Nave, Carl R.

2008-10-28

190

How International Law Works  

Microsoft Academic Search

How International Law Works presents a theory of international law, how it operates, and why it works. Though appeals to international law have grown ever more central to international disputes and international relations, there is no well-developed, comprehensive theory of how international law shapes policy outcomes.\\u000aFilling a conspicuous gap in the literature on international law, Andrew T. Guzman builds

Andrew T Guzman

2008-01-01

191

Corporate identity, corporate branding and corporate marketing - Seeing through the fog  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines 15 explanations for the fog which has enveloped the nascent domains of corporate identity and corporate marketing. However, the fog surrounding the area has a silver lining. This is because the fog has, unwittingly, led to the emergence of rich disciplinary, philosophical as well as “national”, schools of thought. In their composite, these approaches have the potential to form

John M. T. Balmer

2001-01-01

192

Power laws, Pareto distributions and Zipf's law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When the probability of measuring a particular value of some quantity varies inversely as a power of that value, the quantity is said to follow a power law, also known variously as Zipf's law or the Pareto distribution. Power laws appear widely in physics, biology, earth and planetary sciences, economics and finance, computer science, demography and the social sciences. For instance, the distributions of the sizes of cities, earthquakes, forest fires, solar flares, moon craters and people's personal fortunes all appear to follow power laws. The origin of power-law behaviour has been a topic of debate in the scientific community for more than a century. Here we review some of the empirical evidence for the existence of power-law forms and the theories proposed to explain them.

Newman, Mej

2005-09-01

193

Corporate environmental violence and racism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon a social justice framework, this analysis expands and integrates issues relating to corporate violence and environmental\\u000a justice to investigate the spatial distribution of chemical accidents across census tracts in Hillsborough County, Florida.\\u000a To test the hypothesis that corporate environmental violence (CEV) is more likely to impact blacks and Hispanics, data from\\u000a the 1990 census was combined with chemical

Paul Stretesky; Michael J. Lynch

1998-01-01

194

Convergence of corporate governance systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differentiates market (e.g. USA) from group-based (e.g. Germany) corporate governance systems, traces their evolution and asks whether they are converging. Puts forward a theoretical convergence model based on the belief that agency problems can best be solved by specific corporate control mechanisms, recognizing that it would demand more changes from group-based than from market systems. Examines current trends for both

Guido Carati; Alireza Tourani Rad

2000-01-01

195

Corporate Yoga and Its Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Yoga is being practiced as a complete means of total health and human excellence for time immemorial. So attraction towards\\u000a Yoga has been highly increased in corporate world, especially in developed countries. Merely US invests $ 5.7 billion dollar\\u000a per year for yoga classes and products [1]. Large corporations of the world like MICROSOFT, IBM, HBO, The White House, New

Rudra Bhandari; Balkrishna Acharya; V. K. Katiyar

196

Corporate governance and stakeholder conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stakeholder management literature is dominated by the ‘shareholder value’ and ‘inclusive stakeholder’ views of the corporation.\\u000a Each views the governance problem in terms of inter-functional conflicts between stakeholder groups, such as between investors and managers or managers and employees, and rests on the\\u000a assumption of an idealized corporate structure characterized by the separation of ownership from management. Our review

Michael Carney; Eric Gedajlovic; Sujit Sur

2011-01-01

197

Corporate Governance in China: a Step Forward  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractRecently, the presumed benefits of corporate governance have become one of the most contentious issues especially for emerging markets in Asia where institutional settings are quite different from other parts of the world. Using an internationally accepted benchmark (OECD's Principles of Corporate Governance, OECD, 2004), this study evaluates the progress of corporate governance practice of Chinese listed companies. A corporate

Yan-Leung Cheung; Ping Jiang; Piman Limpaphayom; Tong Lu

2010-01-01

198

Study on Corporate Hereditary Central Dogma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on analyzing the central dogma of biology, this paper raises hypothesis, using the analogism method to set up the corporate hereditary central dogma. It analyzes the differences between the Corporate hereditary central dogma and the central dogma of biology, which explains the significance of research on Corporate hereditary central dogma; it discusses the meanings of all factors of Corporate

Li Xianbai

2010-01-01

199

The Corporation and the Local Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The corporation and the local community repre sent sometimes conflicting ends for members of the corporate hierarchy. There is a citizenship of the corporation and a citizenship of the local territorial community that may and do conflict. The corporation offices constitute many of the top status positions in the local community; the behavior of cor porate managers influences that of

Norton E. Long

1962-01-01

200

Risk Management, Real Options, Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship of corporate social responsibility to risk management has been treated sporadically in the business society literature. Using real options theory, I develop the notion of corporate social responsibility as a real option its implications for risk management. Real options theory allows for a strategic view of corporate social responsibility. Specifically, real options theory suggests that corporate social responsibility

Bryan W. Husted

2005-01-01

201

Corporal Punishment: Legalities, Realities, and Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a quiz that will help readers determine the reliability of their own perceptions relating to corporal punishment in schools. Discusses U.S. Courts and corporal punishment, worldwide and nationwide legality, and the realities of corporal punishment in the United States. Discusses implications for what teachers can do to address corporal

Hinchey, Patricia H.

2003-01-01

202

Corporal punishment in elementary education: views of Barbadian schoolchildren.  

PubMed

Most previous research has suggested that children often express little unconditional disapproval of the use of corporal punishment in schools. However, this might be expected to change when pupils become aware that such treatment is no longer permitted in many countries, or hear it labelled as "abuse." This paper reports on research conducted in elementary schools in the Caribbean island of Barbados, where head teachers (or their authorized deputies) are still permitted by law to use corporal punishment. Findings indicated that approximately three-quarters of pupils surveyed still approved use of corporal punishment with their own age group, although their comments also suggested that a considerable amount of routine (and illegal) "flogging" or "lashing" by regular classroom teachers occurred, which many wished to see stopped. The growing risk of clashes between parents and schools was also identified. While this and other recent studies in Barbados provide little evidence of support for the total abolition of corporal punishment within the educational system, it is hoped that research may have some role to play in exerting pressure on schools to eliminate some of their more ritualized and pedagogically counterproductive practices. PMID:8187023

Anderson, S; Payne, M A

1994-04-01

203

Generalization of Snell's Law  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis presents several derivations of Snell's Law of Refraction and one of the principle of reflection. In all of these, we place different constraints upon the problem and produce the familiar laws governing reflection and refraction. The main resu...

M. L. Hawkins

1990-01-01

204

Law-Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifies five "motives" behind law-related education. They are citizenship education, delinquency prevention, survival skills, critical thinking, and ethics education. Presents a brief survey designed to collect information about law-related education in the Michigan public schools. (JDH)|

Little, Timothy H.

1987-01-01

205

Criminal Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School lawyer course in military criminal law is to prepare military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills will be developed in the course:...

1987-01-01

206

Criminal Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School lawyer course in military criminal law is to prepare military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills will be developed in the course:...

1988-01-01

207

Criminal Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School lawyer course in military criminal law is to prepare military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills will be developed in the course:...

1989-01-01

208

Criminal Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School lawyer course in military criminal law is to prepare military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills will be developed in the course:...

1986-01-01

209

Newton's 3rd Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video shows how Newton's Third Law of Motion can be demonstrated using a low-friction "sled" and two rubber bands. The video includes a brief description of Newton's third law and explains the reaction force on the sled.

Fix, Darren

2009-02-26

210

Corporate and White Collar Crime, Cases and Materials, Fifth Edition (Aspen Casebook Series)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the fifth edition of Corporate and White Collar Crime: Cases and Materials, well-known author Kathleen Brickey, continues to provide systematic and comprehensive consideration of major white collar crime statutes in the federal criminal code, securities laws, and environmental statutes. Its focus on major white collar crime statutes distinguishes this book from its competitors and provides timely and topical coverage

Kathleen F. Brickey

2011-01-01

211

Corporate Farming in India:Is it Must for Agricultural Development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indian agriculture is under policy reforms for some time now. One of the issues it faces is that of lack of viability of smallholdings and lack of international competitiveness of its produce. In this regard, new initiatives of reorganizaing the production systems are being attempted in the form of contract farming and corporate farming. At the state level, laws are

Sukhpal Singh

2007-01-01

212

The Relationship between Corporate Governance and Corporate Performance in China's Civilian-Owned Listed Enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between corporate governance and corporate performance. An overall set of measures are constructed to evaluate the practice of corporate governance in Chinapsilas civilian-owned listed enterprises. Factor analysis is introduced to construct a comprehensive performance variable. The result demonstrates better corporate governance mechanism is not associated with higher corporate performance in Chinapsilas civilian-owned listed enterprises. Such

Bo Zhang; Tian Lei

2009-01-01

213

Corporate Identity and Corporate Reputation in Silicon Valley: Case Studies in Public Relations and Integrated Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This two-case study of high-tech firms in Silicon Valley, near San Jose, California, explored how and why corporate identity principles were used in establishing a model campaign plan for these companies. In this process, it was necessary to establish a clearer relationship among the terms, corporate identity, corporate image, corporate branding, and corporate reputation from the organizational, advertising and public

Kenneth D. Plowman; Satina Chiu

2007-01-01

214

Generalized law for aftershocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A generalized law for aftershock decay rates is provided through the combination of the Gutenberg-Richter frequency magnitude relation, Bath's law, and the modified Omori's law. Several large quakes with readily identified aftershocks were studied. Results indicate that aftershock decay rates depended on several parameters specific to each seismic region. It was found that the law can be used to forecast the rate of aftershock occurrence after specific information about the main shock's magnitude and the area's land is known.

Shcherbakov, Robert; Rundle, John B.; Turcotte, Donald L.; Agu

215

Advertising Law Internet Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advertising Law Internet Site houses articles about the legal aspects of marketing products, with particular emphasis on infomercials, home shopping, and direct response TV. Other articles discuss 900 Number regulations, contest laws, business opportunity laws, and additional aspects of promotion law. The site also houses copies of FTC Guides and Speeches and FTC Rules and statutes. Consumer Advisories issued by the FTC will also be made available at the site.

216

Health care law versus constitutional law.  

PubMed

National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, the Supreme Court's ruling on the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, is a landmark decision - both for constitutional law and for health care law and policy. Others will study its implications for constitutional limits on a range of federal powers beyond health care. This article considers to what extent the decision is also about health care law, properly conceived. Under one view, health care law is the subdiscipline that inquires how courts and government actors take account of the special features of medicine that make legal or policy issues especially problematic - rather than regarding health care delivery and finance more generically, like most any other economic or social enterprise. Viewed this way, the opinions from the Court's conservative justices are mainly about general constitutional law principles. In contrast, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg's dissenting opinion for the four more liberal justices is just as much about health care law as it is about constitutional law. Her opinion gives detailed attention to the unique features of health care finance and delivery in order to inform her analysis of constitutional precedents and principles. Thus, the Court's multiple opinions give a vivid depiction of the compelling contrasts between communal versus individualistic conceptions of caring for those in need, and between health care and health insurance as ordinary commodities versus ones that merit special economic, social, and legal status. PMID:23262771

Hall, Mark A

2012-12-21

217

Understanding Trademark Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding Trademark Law is a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the law of trademarks and unfair competition. It provides a thorough introduction to the federal laws protecting registered trademarks and trade dress, as well as the broad array of federal and state unfair competition doctrines which protect unregistered trademarks and trade dress. Coverage includes the standards and procedures for obtaining

Mary LaFrance

2009-01-01

218

Wisconsin Environmental Law Handbook  

SciTech Connect

This book provides an analysis of business' obligations in sections on: Wisconsin's Environmental Policy Act; Surface Water Regulation and Zoning; Water Pollution Discharge Permits; Air Pollution Control; Solid Waste and Recycling; Hazardous Waste Management; Hazardous Substance Control and Reporting; Groundwater Law and Regulations; Mining Laws and Regulations; Common Law Liability and Insurance; and Environmental Enforcement.

Not Available

1990-01-01

219

Economic analysis of law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic analysis of law concerns predicting impacts of legislative rules on incentives and behaviour of individuals and judging social efficiency of alternative legislative rules. It applies price theory, welfare theory and public choice theory on creating and applying law. One of its main shortcomings however is the lack of criteria of social efficiency. Modern history of economic analysis of law

Robert Holman

2004-01-01

220

Newton's Laws of Motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

THERE is a point in connection with Newton's laws of motion which tha text-books on dynamics, which found the science upon those laws, seem to me to leave very inconveniently and unnecessarily mysterious. The point to which I allude is the meaning of the words ``rest or uniform motion in a straight line'' in the first law. The difficult words

1887-01-01

221

Employment and Labor Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews and compares the employment and labor laws of three countries-US, South Africa, and Ghana. The methodology employed is a qualitative review of each countries employment and labor laws that are centered on collective bargaining, employment discrimination and other workplace standards, unemployment compensation, pensions, workplace safety, and workers compensation. Even though, the three countries have laws covering various

Jeffrey S. Siekpe; Walter E. Greene

2006-01-01

222

Soft Law As Delegation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines one of the most important trends in international legal governance since the end of the Cold War: the rise of “soft law,” or legally non-binding instruments that are given legal effect through domestic law or internationally binding agreements such as treaties. Scholars studying the design of international agreements have long puzzled over why states use soft law.

Timothy Meyer

2008-01-01

223

EC Customs Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

EC Customs Law places the law relating to customs duty in the context of the EC and international trade. This fully updated second edition covers significant changes in EC customs procedure, legislation, and case-law since the first edition. It includes coverage of the recently implemented 2005 amendments to the Community Customs Code, and an exploration the impact of major expansion

Timothy Lyons QC

224

Preventive School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this chapter is to suggest outlines of a preventive law practice, raise issues, and provoke further thought and discussion concerning the application of preventive law principles and techniques to the management and operation of educational systems. The theory of preventive law and some of its premises are examined in order to…

Bednar, William C., Jr.

225

Operational Law Handbook,2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Operational Law Handbook is a 'how to' guide for judge advocates practicing operational law. It provides reference and describes tactics and techniques for the practice of operational law. It supports the doctrinal concepts and principles of FM 3-0 an...

2007-01-01

226

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, from distracted driving to motorcyle helmet use. GHSA maintains comprehensive information about these laws and publishes it online in two formats: By Type of Law ... phone 202.789.0942 , fax 202.789.0946, headquarters@ghsa.org

227

Law enforcement and transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a simple model to analyze law enforcement problems in transition economies. Law enforcement implies coordination problems and multiplicity of equilibria due to a law abidance and a fiscal externality. We analyze two institutional mechanisms for solving the coordination problem. A first mechanism, which we call “dualism”, follows the scenario of Chinese transition where the government keeps direct control

Gérard Roland; Thierry Verdier

2003-01-01

228

International Soft Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the concept of soft law has existed for years, scholars have not reached consensus on why states use soft law or even whether “soft law” is a coherent analytic category. In part, this confusion reflects a deep diversity in both the types of international agreements and the strategic situations that produce them. In this paper, we advance four complementary

Andrew T Guzman; Timothy L Meyer

2010-01-01

229

Zipf's law in multifragmentation  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the meaning of Zipf's law in nuclear multifragmentation. We remark that Zipf's law is a consequence of a power-law fragment size distribution with exponent {tau}{approx_equal}2. We also recall why the presence of such a distribution is not a reliable signal of a liquid-gas phase transition.

Campi, X.; Krivine, H. [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques Bat. 100, Universite de Paris XI, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

2005-11-01

230

Law of Empires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores issues raised by empires and imperial law. The first article, "Clash of Empires: The Fight for North America," looks at the clash of empires and the fight for North America during the 18th century. The second article, "When Roman Law Ruled the Western World," examines Roman Law, which helped hold…

Martz, Carlton

2001-01-01

231

Covenant model of corporate compliance. "Corporate integrity" program meets mission, not just legal, requirements.  

PubMed

Catholic healthcare should establish comprehensive compliance strategies, beyond following Medicare reimbursement laws, that reflect mission and ethics. A covenant model of business ethics--rather than a self-interest emphasis on contracts--can help organizations develop a creed to focus on obligations and trust in their relationships. The corporate integrity program (CIP) of Mercy Health System Oklahoma promotes its mission and interests, educates and motivates its employees, provides assurance of systemwide commitment, and enforces CIP policies and procedures. Mercy's creed, based on its mission statement and core values, articulates responsibilities regarding patients and providers, business partners, society and the environment, and internal relationships. The CIP is carried out through an integrated network of committees, advocacy teams, and an expanded institutional review board. Two documents set standards for how Mercy conducts external affairs and clarify employee codes of conduct. PMID:10181597

Tuohey, J F

232

FindLaw for the Public  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the most comprehensive legal resources on the Internet, Findlaw (described in the February 23, 1996 Scout Report) offers this resource center for consumers. In the Consumer Law Center, users will find thousands of consumer-focused articles and resources in a number of different categories, such as Banking, Credit, Discrimination, Estate Planning, Family Law, Government Benefits, Health and Medicine, Intellectual Property, Investments, Labor & Employment, Personal Injury, Landlord/ Tenant & Real Estate, and many others. The Consumer Center also offers contact information for national consumer organizations, better business bureaus, corporations, trade associations and related organizations, as well as tips and guidance on filing effective consumer complaints. In addition, the site provides information on the process of hiring a lawyer and using lawyers to settle disputes or claims.

1994-01-01

233

International law and law enforcement firearms.  

PubMed

Several international agreements set constraints on the legitimate use of firearms as representing lethal force. Their meaning in terms of weapons technology must take into account their operational frame of reference, and legitimate warfare can be regarded as a law enforcement operation with similar principles on the use of force. Changes in weapons technology, such as new types of ammunition, transforming firearms into weapons with less-lethal and even humanitarian options, require new interpretations of the legislation. A division into lethal and non-lethal weapons is an oversimplification and the separation of international humanitarian law into military and law enforcement provisions can be questioned from the technical aspect. The type of technology acceptable for law enforcement use of firearms should be defined. An assessment for weapon injury should not be based on lethality, but rather on the potential for tissue damage and its reversibility. PMID:15015547

Jussila, Jorma; Normia, Pertti

234

12 CFR 704.11 - Corporate Credit Union Service Organizations (Corporate CUSOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Corporate Credit Union Service Organizations (Corporate CUSOs...Section 704.11 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS CORPORATE CREDIT UNIONS §...

2013-01-01

235

Unmuzzling America's Corporations: Corporate Speech and the First Amendment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Under the "commercial speech doctrine," corporations were restricted for many years from speaking out on public issues or engaging in certain advertising practices. This "doctrine" was based on a case from the 1940s, in which the court ruled that purely commercial advertising had no constitutional protection from government restraint. Since 1975,…

Overbeck, Wayne

236

Newton's Second Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to Sir Isaac Newton's Second Law of Motion. Topics include the two ways to study the dynamics of a system in which there is motion, a brief description of Newton's work in studying and measuring the motion of objects, and a summary of his three laws of motion. The lesson includes an activity in which students test Newton's Second Law by measuring the acceleration of a cart which is being pulled by increasingly larger masses.

Pratte, John

237

Electrodynamic force law controversy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cavalleri et al. [Phys. Rev. E 52, 2505 (1998); Eur. J. Phys. 17, 205 (1996)] have attempted to resolve the electrodynamic force law controversy. This attempt to prove the validity of either the Ampère or Lorentz force law by theory and experiment has revealed only that the two are equivalent when predicting the force on part of a circuit due to the current in the complete circuit. However, in our analysis of internal stresses, only Ampère's force law agrees with experiment.

Graneau, Peter; Graneau, Neal

2001-05-01

238

Bullying Policies and Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Resources | Policies & Laws Search Stopbullying.gov WHAT IS BULLYING Definition The Roles Kids Play Related Topics CYBER BULLYING What is Cyberbullying? Prevent Cyberbullying Report Cyberbullying WHO ...

239

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

240

Is Corporate Governance Ineffective in Emerging Markets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The writer tests whether corporate governance is ineffective in emerging markets by estimating the link between CEO turnover and firm performance for over 1,200 firms in eight emerging markets. While previous papers on corporate governance in emerging mar...

M. S. Gibson

1999-01-01

241

Marketing Health Promotion to Corporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many corporations are reluctant to offer health promotion programs for their employees because there is no concrete evidence that the financial benefits will be greater than the capital outlays necessary for implementation and operation. This presents a major problem when marketing health promotion programs. The problems with cost\\/benefit analysis in the health promotion field are first identified. Then, the weaknesses

Bradley R. A. Wilson; Thomas J. Hayes

1995-01-01

242

Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the possible implications of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) for employee expectations and satisfactions. Specifically, interest centered on the question of how perceptions of an organization's involvement in the resolution of current societal problems might relate to members' expectations of equitable job rewards…

Gavin, James F.; Maynard, William S.

1975-01-01

243

Referent Tracking for Corporate Memories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate memories (CM) are information systems designed to keep track of the history and evolution of an enterprise with the goal of using past experience to enhance performance in the future. Well designed CMs should contain data about both the enterprise and the environment in which it operates. The former, traditionally embodied in what is referred to as an 'enterprise

Werner CEUSTERS; Barry SMITH

244

Corporate governance and capital flows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today’s financial regulation is founded on the assumption that more transparency, accountability, regulation, alignment of interests of directors with long-term objectives, less corruption makes the system safe. Thus, after the recent financial and economic crisis these themes are considered necessary to restore confidence in the financial markets, to reformulate the existing corporate governance systems and mechanisms that have been inadequate,

Giuseppina Talamo

2010-01-01

245

Retirement Preparation: Growing Corporate Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of the nation's largest corporations on their attitudes toward retirement and older workers revealed a heightened awareness of inflation's effect on retirees and of the need for retirement planning programs. Though few such programs presently exist, interest in employer-employee cooperation in retirement preparation is rising. (SK)

Aging and Work: A Journal on Age, Work and Retirement, 1980

1980-01-01

246

Emerging Issues in Corporate Entrepreneurship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on corporate entrepreneurship (CE) has grown rapidly over the past decade. In this article, we identify four major issues scholars can pursue to further our understanding about CE. The issues we explore include various forms of CE (e.g., sustained regeneration, domain redefinition) and their implications for organizational learning; the role of leadership and social exchange in the CE process;

Gregory G. Dess; R. Duane Ireland; Shaker A. Zahra; Steven W. Floyd; Jay J. Janney

2003-01-01

247

Banks' Corporate Governance and Merger  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to explore what corporate governance characteristics are associated with mergers in the banking industry, the sample of publicly traded banks in different countries between 2005 and 2007 and a variety of empirical methods are used in this paper. By introducing matched sample comparison, univariate comparison and multivariate comparison, the differences between the sample banks that do and do

Junxun Dai

2009-01-01

248

Managing corporate image and identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate Aesthetics Management (CAM) is a strategic framework for managing a company's full range of visual (and otherwise aesthetic) output in the form of products, logos, packaging, buildings, showrooms, advertisements, company uniforms, etc. The framework is systematic and comprehensive, so its successful implementation adds value to a firm and provides competitive advantage by reducing communication costs, enhancing the image of

Bernd H. Schmitt; Alex Simonson; Joshua Marcus

1995-01-01

249

City Schools with Corporate Partners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the District of Columbia's new career programs in its high schools, each in fields with projected job growth and each with corporate sponsors who participated in the program's design and curriculum development. Examines program costs, program development, design, and effectiveness. (CT)

McKenzie, Floretta Dukes

1985-01-01

250

Corporate Governance and Agency Conflicts  

Microsoft Academic Search

I investigate whether corporate governance is associated with the level of agency conflicts in firms. I employ exploratory principal components analysis on 22 individual governance variables to obtain seven factors that represent the different dimensions of governance for a firm. I measure the level of agency conflicts in firms based on seven proxies for agency conflicts used in the literature.

AIYESHA DEY

2008-01-01

251

Lippincott Library Corporate Annual Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pennsylvania/ Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image provides facsimiles of historical corporate annual reports from the Lippincott Library collection at this searchable site. Over 40 reports by automotive, department store, food, natural resource, railroad, textile, and utility companies are available mainly from the 1930s and 40s.

252

Board composition and corporate philanthropy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using agency theory, this study empirically examined the relationship between board composition and corporate philanthropy. Generally, the ratio of insiders to outsiders, the percentage of insider stock ownership, and the proportion of female and minority board members were found to be positively and significantly associated with firms' charitable contributions.

Jia Wang; Betty S. Coffey

1992-01-01

253

Large Shareholders and Corporate Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a corporation with many small owners, it may not pay any one of them to monitor the performance of the management. We explore a model in which the presence of a large minority shareholder provides a partial solution to this free-rider problem. The model sheds light on the following questions: Under what circumstances will we observe a tender offer

Andrei Shleifer; Robert W. Vishny

1986-01-01

254

Corporate Justice: Some Preliminary Thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the rapid modern growth of private security as a form of “internal”policing, and the preference of many large organizations for handling problems“internally” which might previously have been dealt with through the publiccriminal justice system, both the content and quality of “ustice” in Westernsocieties is being radically transformed. Corporate justice is beginning to supersedestate justice as the preferred means of

Philip C Stenning; Clifford D Shearing

1984-01-01

255

FDIC: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation WWW Home Page is open for business. At this site, there is information on the U.S. banking industry, financial information on the condition of the Bank Insurance Fund and the Savings Association Insurance Fund, consumer information, and press releases.

256

The genre of corporate history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to identify and define the genre of corporate history within the pervasive historical discourse produced by and about organizations which tells the past of an organization across a multiplicity of texts: published works – commissioned and critical accounts, academic tomes and glossy coffee-table books – as well as web pages, annual reports and promotional pamphlets.

Agnès Delahaye; Charles Booth; Peter Clark; Stephen Procter; Michael Rowlinson

2009-01-01

257

Corporate strategy: Implementation and control  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is easier to make corporate plans than it is to carry them out. Bert Piëst and Henk Ritsema support the idea that strategy formulation is a 'topdown' activity, which, for its successful implementation, requires managers to use the right instruments. These involve use of the business mission statement, strategic control and the evaluation of finance, marketing, R & D,

Bert Pië; Henk Ritsema

1993-01-01

258

CORPORATE EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES (NON) DISCLOSURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with corporate reporting on equal opportunities impact in Britain. Despite various legislation (e.g. The Disabled Persons (Employment) Acts 1944 and 1958 and more recent sex discrimination and race relations acts) and business initiatives aimed at the development of human capital to meet the needs of the market economy (e.g. Opportunity 2000), there remains concern at both

CAROL A. ADAMS; ANDREW COUTTS; GEORGE HARTE

1995-01-01

259

Eclipse of the Public Corporation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The publicly held corporation has outlived its usefulness in manysectors of the economy. New organizations are emerging. Takeovers,leveraged buyouts, and other going-private transactions aremanifestations of this change. A central source of waste in the publiccorporation is the conflict between owners and managers over free cashflow. This conflict helps explain the prominent role of debt in the neworganizations. The new organizations\\

Michael C. Jensen

1989-01-01

260

Corporate focus and stock returns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Greater corporate focus is consistent with shareholder wealth maximization. Diseconomies of scope in the 1980s are confirmed by a trend towards focus or specialization, a positive relation between stock returns and focus increases, and the failure of diversified firms to exploit financial economies of scope (coinsurance of debt or reliance on internal capital markets). Large focused firms were less likely

Gregg A. Jarrell

1995-01-01

261

The concept of corporate responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opening with Ford Motor Company as a case in point, this essay develops a broad and systematic approach to the field of business ethics. After an analysis of the form and content of the concept of responsibility, the author introduces the ‘principle of moral projection’ as a device for relating ethics to corporate policy. Pitfalls and objections to this strategy

Kenneth E. Goodpaster

1983-01-01

262

Best buy in corporate charity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electric utilities lead business in supporting conservation, the initiator being Georgia Power Company's gift of nearly $1 million in real estate 10 years ago to the nonprofit, private Nature Conservancy. Since then, more than 50 corporations have given natural areas valued at over $75 million, plus cash, to protect land and water and to preserve disappearing plant and animal species.

Blair; W. D. Jr

2009-01-01

263

Corporate Farming, 1969-82.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The number of incorporated farms in the United States rose by 178 percent in 1969-82. Most of the increase, 140 percent, occurred between 1969 and 1978. Tax advantages in the 1970's provided the chief impetus for farmers to incorporate: corporate tax rate...

K. R. Krause

1987-01-01

264

Corporal Punishment Foes Strike Out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of U.S. Supreme Court decision (Ingrahm V. Wright) asserting that the Constitution's Eighth Amendment does not protect school children against cruel and unusual punishment and that the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment does not require notice and a hearing prior to the imposition of corporal punishment in the public…

Schaar, Karen

1977-01-01

265

Toolkit for stimulating corporate lending  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the 2009 recession, a turnaround in corporate lending has not occurred in Hungary. Therefore, the risk of the phenomenon known in the literature as a creditless recovery has risen significantly. Based on empirical analyses, a creditless recovery leads to a slower and protracted economic recovery. Moreover, the escalating sovereign debt crisis in the peripheral euro area and banking regulatory

Gergely Fábián; Péter Fáykiss; Gábor Szigel

2012-01-01

266

Perceived Impact of Federal Laws and/or Regulations on Productivity Innovation in the Food Distribution Industry. A Fact Finding Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Purpose of study was to ascertain which, if any, productivity innovations in food distribution have been significantly impeded by corporate concerns about Federal laws and/or regulations prohibiting anticompetitive collusion. The hypotheses were: (1) Food...

D. J. Bowersox R. M. Monczka

1978-01-01

267

The law and economics of self-dealing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new measure of legal protection of minority shareholders against expropriation by corporate insiders: the anti-self-dealing index. Assembled with the help of Lex Mundi law firms, the index is calculated for 72 countries based on legal rules prevailing in 2003, and focuses on private enforcement mechanisms, such as disclosure, approval, and litigation, that govern a specific self-dealing transaction.

Simeon Djankov; Rafael La Porta; Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes; Andrei Shleifer

2008-01-01

268

The path to corporate responsibility.  

PubMed

Nike's tagline,"Just do it," is an inspirational call to action for the millions who wear the company's athletic gear. But in terms of corporate responsibility, Nike didn't always follow its own advice. In the 1990s, protesters railed against sweatshop conditions at some of its overseas suppliers and made Nike the global poster child for corporate ethical fecklessness. The intense pressure that activists exerted on the athletic apparel giant forced it to take a long, hard look at corporate responsibility--sooner than it might have otherwise. In this article, Simon Zadek, CEO of the UK-based institute AccountAbility, describes the bumpy route Nike has traveled to get to a better ethical place, one that cultivates and champions responsible business practices. Organizations learn in unique ways, Zadek contends, but they inevitably pass through five stages of corporate responsibility, from defensive ("It's not our fault") to compliance ("We'll do only what we have to") to managerial ("It's the business") to strategic ("It gives us a competitive edge") and, finally, to civil ("We need to make sure everybody does it"). He details Nike's arduous trek through these stages-from the company's initial defensive stance, when accusations about working conditions arose, all the way to its engagement today in the international debate about business's role in society and in public policy. As he outlines this evolution, Zadek offers valuable insights to executives grappling with the challenge of managing responsible business practices. Beyond just getting their own houses in order, the author argues, companies need to stay abreast of the public's evolving ideas about corporate roles and responsibilities. Organizations that do both will engage in what he calls"civil learning". PMID:15605571

Zadek, Simon

2004-12-01

269

Corporate real estate in Ireland : A current perspective on corporate strategic decision making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate activity in Ireland has experienced a significant growth as the economy has benefited from extensive inward investment. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the role of real estate in corporate decision making within Ireland. Corporate real estate issues are initially discussed as the contextual anchoring for a survey of corporate occupiers within both the Republic of Ireland

Stephen Roulac; Alastair Adair; Stanley McGreal; Jim Berry; Louise Brown; George Heaney

2003-01-01

270

Corporate brand evolution: corporate brand images evolving in consumers' everyday life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to discuss how corporate brand images evolve in consumers' everyday life and its implications for the company's branding strategies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A conceptual discussion and a framework are presented that maps four alternative views on corporate brand images and market dynamics in relation to corporate branding. Findings – Corporate brand evolution is

Anne Rindell; Tore Strandvik

2010-01-01

271

Advertising corporate social responsibility initiatives to communicate corporate image : Inhibiting scepticism to enhance persuasion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a set of research propositions concerned with how the alignment between socially responsible corporate image and corporate identity might be enhanced through the reduction of scepticism by considering diagnostic dimensions of the corporate social responsibility (CSR) image advertising claim. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper reviews corporate image advertising, the tool investigated

Alan Pomering; Lester W. Johnson

2009-01-01

272

Using Corporate Data in Workplace Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporate data fall under the general category of administrative data and provide varied information on the worker and workplace. Studies of worker health, including evaluations of workplace programs, are often based on corporate data. With the exception of health care claims data, which are usually administered by a third party, the corporation

Spicer, Rebecca; Nelkin, Valerie; Miller, Ted; Becker, Les

2004-01-01

273

Chapter 9. Changing Japanese Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

As it moved into the new millenium, Japan experienced a corporate governance crisis. Suddenly, the issue of corporate governance was transformed from an obscure concern of financial economists and legal experts into front-page news. The mass media blamed corporate misbehavior and economic doldrums on a lack of concern for shareholders, cozy cross-shareholding relationships between firms and banks, boards of directors

Christina L. Ahmadjian

2000-01-01

274

Real estate corporations: the quest for value  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the implications of the corporation’s quest for value and the adoption of a new economic performance metric on real estate corporate strategies. The economic profit of 19 Singapore property companies is computed. Overall, the results suggest that most property companies failed to generate enough periodic income to cover their cost of capital. Hence, the companies appear to

Joseph T. L. Ooi; Kim-Hiang Liow

2002-01-01

275

Globalisation and corporate real estate strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of globalisation on corporate real estate strategies. Specifically, it seeks to identify corporate real estate capabilities that are important in a hypercompetitive business climate. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper utilises a qualitative approach to analyse secondary data in order to identify the corporate real estate capabilities for a hypercompetitive

Linda Too; Michael Harvey; Eric Too

2010-01-01

276

Business Ethics and Corporate Governance in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Japan, although many people are interested in corporate governance and business ethics, there is little consensus on what good corporate governance entails. The Japanese Commercial Code (revised in 2003) enables Japanese companies to introduce a board committee system and abolish the company auditor system. After the recent exposure of various corporate malpractices, many Japanese companies have started institutionalizing business

Nobuyuki Demise

2005-01-01

277

Corporate governance and board equity ownership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to test empirically the relationship between board equity ownership and corporate governance on earnings quality of for-profit corporations, to help practitioners enhance corporate governance practices. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study examines two competing theories of equity ownership (convergence of interests and management entrenchment) to explain how board members react to owning the firm's stock and whether

Teresa M. Pergola; Gilbert W. Joseph

2011-01-01

278

Corporate Governance in Asia: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance has received much attention in recent years, partly due to the Asian financial crisis. We review the literature on corporate governance issues in Asia to develop region-specific and general lessons. Much attention has been given to poor corporate sector performance, but most studies do not suggest that Asian firms were badly run. The literature does confirm the limited

C. A. M. F. Claessens; Joseph P. H. Fan

2003-01-01

279

Corporate wiki users: results of a survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of 168 corporate wiki users was conducted. Findings indicate that corporate wikis appear to be sustainable. Users stated three main types of benefits from corporate wikis: enhanced reputation, work made easier, and helping the organization to improve its processes. These benefits were seen as more likely when the wiki was used for tasks requiring novel solutions and the

Ann Majchrzak; Christian Wagner; Dave Yates

2006-01-01

280

Conceptualising the notion of corporate brand covenant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to theorise the concept of corporate brand covenant. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Christian theology is drawn on to define and identify the source of the notion of covenant. Similarly, a review of the literature on the meaning and management of corporate branding is presented. Following a thorough review of the literature, the notion of a corporate brand

Olutayo Otubanjo; Temi Abimbola; Olusanmi Amujo

2010-01-01

281

Corporate Associations in Marketing: Antecedents and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate associations' — what an individual knows or feels about a particular organization — have long been thought to influence consu- mers' and other audiences' responses to a com- pany and its products. Although researchers have studied corporate image and related con- cepts for decades, there have been few attempts to summarize the antecedents and consequences of corporate associations. This

Tom J. Brown

1998-01-01

282

An Analysis of Corporate Philanthropic Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study corporate philanthropy using an original database that includes firm-level data on dollar giving, giving priorities, governance, and managerial involvement in giving programs. In the context of an agency cost explanation for corporate giving, we find that: larger boards of directors are associated with significantly more cash giving and with the establishment of corporate foundations; consistent with effective monitoring

Eric Helland; Janet Kiholm Smith

283

Corporate identity: the concept, its measurement and  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are divergent views within the literature as to what is meant by corporate identity. In this article the authors refer to three main developments in the area which variously equate corporate identity with graphic design, with integrated corporate communication and last, with a multidisciplinary approach which draws heavily on organizational behaviour. Each of the three approaches has tended to

John M. T. Balmer

284

Fundamental Tax Reform and Corporate Financial Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

How tax reform affects corporate financial decisions helps determine whether reform will increase capital formation and simplify the tax system. This paper describes the effects of fundamental tax reform on corporate tax planning and summarizes economists' knowledge of the magnitude of these effects. We analyze income tax reform, consisting of integrating corporate and personal income taxes, and moving to a

William M. Gentry; R. Glenn Hubbard

1998-01-01

285

Guidelines for a Corporate Fellowship Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The rationale for corporate support of graduate and professional education is based on the idea that educated manpower and knowledge are essential ingredients for corporate success in today's technological society. Corporations can help insure a continuing supply of this manpower through student fellowship programs to benefit graduate and…

Council for Financial Aid to Education, New York, NY.

286

Corporate Income Tax Evasion and Managerial Preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the role of managerial preferences in shaping corporate income tax evasion. Using noncompliance with the personal income tax as a measure of taste for evasion, the empirical results from a sample of corporate income tax returns show that managerial preferences play an important role in determining noncompliance with the corporate income tax. Basic sample tabulations show that,

David Joulfaian

2000-01-01

287

Environmental pollution: corporate crime and cancer mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate crime remains more costly and arguably more harmful than street crime and such harms include environmental, air, and water pollution resulting in increasing cancer mortality rates around the globe. More importantly, these corporate crimes are global in nature and facilitated by transnational corporations’ capture of the USA Environmental Protection Agency.

Rebecca S. Katz

2012-01-01

288

12 CFR 390.359 - Corporate opportunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Corporate opportunity. 390.359 Section 390.359...Associations-Operations § 390.359 Corporate opportunity. (a) If you are a director...must not take advantage of corporate opportunities belonging to the State savings...

2013-01-01

289

Corporate Tax Avoidance and Firm Value  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do corporate tax avoidance activities advance shareholder interests? This paper tests alternative theories of corporate tax avoidance using unexplained differences between income reported to capital markets and to tax authorities. OLS estimates indicate that the effect of tax avoidance on firm value is a function of firm governance, as predicted by an agency perspective on corporate tax avoidance. Instrumental variables

Mihir A Desai; Dhammika Dharmapala

2009-01-01

290

Environmental Law and Policy: Nature, Law and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This user-friendly book - noted for its comprehensive legal process approach to the depth and complexity of modern environmental law - gives students a solid doctrinal footing in the law and helps build their analytical skills. Environmental Law and Policy: Nature, Law, and Society, Fourth Edition, uses the legal process approach, building on a base of common law and constitutional

Zygmunt J. B. Plater; Robert H Abrams; Robert L Graham; Lisa Heinzerling; David A Wirth; Noah D Hall

2010-01-01

291

International law and law enforcement firearms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several international agreements set constraints on the legitimate use of firearms as representing lethal force. Their meaning in terms of weapons technology must take into account their operational frame of reference, and legitimate warfare can be regarded as a law enforcement operation with similar principles on the use of force. Changes in weapons technology, such as new types of ammunition,

Jorma Jussila; Pertti Normia

2004-01-01

292

Science and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explaines the role of the Carnegie Commission which was formed to explore the relationship between the disciplines of science, technology, and the law. Discusses concerns about the individual right of privacy in projects such as the Human Genome Project. Focuses on the panel on Science, Technology, and Law which was established in 1999. (YDS)|

Kennedy, Donald; Merrill, Richard A.

2000-01-01

293

Law-Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since its beginnings in the 1960s, precollegiate law-related education has proliferated. This author looks at suggested causes for this movement and at some of the results supporters of law-related education hope to accomplish. He examines program commonalities and problems and speculates on the future. (Author/SJL)

Magnon, Tony

1981-01-01

294

Physics Flashlets: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simulation illustrates Kepler's Second Law, that orbits sweep out equal areas during equal intervals of time, for any part of the orbit. The user can choose from three buttons between circular or increasingly elliptical orbits to observe that the law holds in all cases.

Fowler, Michael; Welch, Heather

2008-10-05

295

The ecology of law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This theoretical paper is a plea for grafting yet another branch onto the flourishing tree of what may be called the social sciences of law: an ecology of law. In a nutshell, ecology deals with the evolution of (populations of) physical and social entities, well-known examples being animals and organizations. In the current paper, the argument is that the application

Arjen van Witteloostuijn

2003-01-01

296

Civil Law: 12 Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These learning activities on civil law are intended to supplement the secondary level Scholastic materials "Living Law." Case studies, simulations, and role-play activities are included. Information provided for each activity includes a brief overview, background information, teacher instructions and a description of each activity. Activities…

Dresbach, Debra

297

Images and Benford's Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benford's law had been proposed in the past as a way to modelize the probability distribution of the first digit in a set of natural numbers. We show in this paper that the magnitude of the gradient of an image obeys this law. We show, experimentally, that this also applies for the laplacian pyramid code. This yields to the field

Jean-michel Jolion

2001-01-01

298

The law and neuroscience.  

PubMed

Some of the implications for law of recent discoveries in neuroscience are considered in a new program established by the MacArthur Foundation. A group of neuroscientists, lawyers, philosophers, and jurists are examining issues in criminal law and, in particular, problems in responsibility and prediction and problems in legal decision making. PMID:18995814

Gazzaniga, Michael S

2008-11-01

299

Ohm's Law 2  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this extension to the Ohm's Law I activity, students observe just how much time it takes to use up the "juice" in a battery, and if it is better to use batteries in series or parallel. This extension is suitable as a teacher demonstration and may be started before students begin work on the Ohm's Law I activity.

K-12 Outreach Office,

300

School Law Update, 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A wide variety of contemporary legal issues, involving all levels of public and private education, are addressed in the 20 separate chapters comprising this volume. The titles and authors of the chapters are as follows: (1) Due Process of Law: Loudermill v. Cleveland Board of Education (Hooker); (2) Schools, Technology and the Law (Helm); (3)…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.

301

Social Studies: Law Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 11 series, texts, supplements, kits, and professional references for law instruction, including civil and criminal law, the Bill of Rights, and controversial legal issues: arson, gun control, capital punishment, and euthanasia. While all grade levels are covered, the emphasis is on secondary-level materials. (SJL)

Curriculum Review, 1979

1979-01-01

302

Earthquakes and friction laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquakes have long been recognized as resulting from a stick–slip frictional instability. The development of a full constitutive law for rock friction now shows that the gamut of earthquake phenomena—seismogenesis and seismic coupling, pre- and post-seismic phenomena, and the insensitivity of earthquakes to stress transients—all appear as manifestations of the richness of this friction law.

Christopher H. Scholz

1998-01-01

303

Researching International Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for the undergraduate student who is doing research on public international law and graduate students in fields other than law, this guide is specifically addressed to students at San Francisco State University, although the resources discussed are typical of those to be found in a medium-sized academic library. The guide is divided into…

Kennedy, Ann

304

Charles' Law of Gases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experiment that uses air to test Charles' law. Reinforces the student's intuitive feel for Charles' law with quantitative numbers they can see, introduces the idea of extrapolating experimental data to obtain a theoretical value, and gives a physical quantitative meaning to the concept of absolute zero. (JRH)

Petty, John T.

1995-01-01

305

AI and law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Law inforcement has long been interested in intelligence. Although not necessarily artificial intelligence. In recent years, however, AI has been called to service. AI's exceptional capacity to gather and analyze seas of information has made its techniques ideal for solving a variety of crime-related problems. The author discusses some applications of AI in US law enforcement

J. Charles

1998-01-01

306

Law Studies Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This law studies curriculum guide describes a course designed to provide secondary students with the opportunity to acquire an understanding of the U.S. legal process. The law studies course is intended to develop corresponding concepts and skills in conjunction with the content presented. The content areas of the curriculum include: (1)…

Seminole County Board of Public Instruction, Sanford, FL. Dept. of Curriculum Services.

307

Social Studies: Law Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews 11 series, texts, supplements, kits, and professional references for law instruction, including civil and criminal law, the Bill of Rights, and controversial legal issues: arson, gun control, capital punishment, and euthanasia. While all grade levels are covered, the emphasis is on secondary-level materials. (SJL)|

Curriculum Review, 1979

1979-01-01

308

Deterrence in Competition Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comprehensive discussion of the deterrence properties of a competition policy regime. On the basis of the economic theory of law enforcement we identify several factors that are likely to affect its degree of deterrence: 1) sanctions and damages; 2) financial and human resources; 3) powers during the investigation; 4) quality of the law; 5) independence and

Paolo Buccirossi; Lorenzo Ciari; Tomaso Duso; Giancarlo Spagnolo; Cristiana Vitale

2009-01-01

309

Deterrence in Competition Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comprehensive discussion of the deterrence properties of a competition policy regime. On the basis of the economic theory of law enforcement we identify several factors that are likely to affect its degree of deterrence: 1) sanctions and damages; 2) financial and human resources; 3) powers during the investigation; 4) quality of the law; 5) independence; and

Paolo Buccirossi; Lorenzo Ciari; Tomaso Duso; Giancarlo Spagnolo; Cristiana Vitale

2009-01-01

310

Laws for Young Mountaineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet introduces secondary grade students to the criminal laws of West Virginia. It can easily be adapted and used by educators in other states. The authors believe that young people must recognize and understand these laws and the mechanisms which society uses to implement and enforce them if they are to function as an integral,…

Kanawha County Board of Education, Charleston, WV.

311

Language and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the language of law and its general interest to the field of applied linguistics. Specific focus is on legal language, the problems and remedies of legal communication (e.g., language and disadvantage before the law, improving legal communication) the legislation of language (e.g., language rights, language crimes), and forensic…

Gibbons, John

1999-01-01

312

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

313

Pop Goes the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Law School Admission Council recently reported that applications were heading toward a 30-year low, reflecting, as a "New York Times" article put it, "increased concern over soaring tuition, crushing student debt, and diminishing prospects of lucrative employment upon graduation." Since 2004 the number of law-school applicants has dropped…

Harper, Steven J.

2013-01-01

314

On Hack's law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hack's law is reviewed, emphasizing its implications for the elongation of river basins as well as its connections with their fractal characteristics. The relation between Hack's law and the internal structure of river basins is investigated experimentally through digital elevation models. It is found that Hack's exponent, elongation, and some relevant fractal characters are closely related. The self-affine character of

Riccardo Rigon; Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe; Amos Maritan; Achille Giacometti; David G. Tarboton; Andrea Rinaldo

1996-01-01

315

Know Your Laws. Polish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Polish language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of…

Watson, Joan Q.; Kopania, Margaret

316

Know Your Laws. French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This French language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of…

Watson, Joan Q.; Ledun, Andree

317

Prostitution Laws in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subject of prostitution has long vexed criminal justice authorities in Australia, as in most other countries throughout the world. Law-makers are faced with the onerous task of attempting to appease the conflicting demands of various segments of society. On the one hand law-makers in Australia wish to uphold the principles of a liberal democratic society by allowing consenting adults

Susan Pinto; Paul Wilson

318

Laws for Young Mountaineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet introduces secondary grade students to the criminal laws of West Virginia. It can easily be adapted and used by educators in other states. The authors believe that young people must recognize and understand these laws and the mechanisms which society uses to implement and enforce them if they are to function as an integral, important,…

Kanawha County Board of Education, Charleston, WV.

319

The Law of Elasticity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participants estimated the imagined elongation of a spring while they were imagining that a load was stretching the spring. This elongation turned out to be a multiplicative function of spring length and load weight--a cognitive law analogous to Hooke's law of elasticity. Participants also estimated the total imagined elongation of springs joined…

Cocco, Alberto; Masin, Sergio Cesare

2010-01-01

320

Newton's law of cooling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Textbooks on heat transfer generally refer to Newton's law of cooling but they give no details of Newton's experiment. The purpose of the first part of this paper is to give details of Newton's work. His explanation of why he thought the law was correct, and the experiment that he did to confirm it, are still of interest. It is

R. H. S. Winterton

1999-01-01

321

Combinatorics of Conservation Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conservation laws in physics are numerical invariants of the dynamics of a system. This article concerns conservation laws in a fictitious universe of a cellular automaton. We give an overview of the subject, with particular attention to problems of combinatorial flavor.

Jarkko Kari; Siamak Taati

322

Politics of corporate social control: the federal response to industrial water pollution  

SciTech Connect

In the annals of criminology and the sociology of law, the phenomenon of corporate illegalities has been seriously neglected. Moreover, the relatively few social scientific studies of illegal corporate behavior have often approached the subject from limited theoretical perspectives. These studies have generally overlooked a critical element in criminological understanding; the role of law and its administration in generating violation rates that may be said to be characteristic of the prevailing social structure. This dissertation develops an integrated theoretical approach to a type of corporate illegality, environmental pollution. In this approach, law is seen as integral to the understanding of crime, and both are situated within the broad socio-economic structure of the United States in the latter half of the 20th century. This research first reviews and analyzes the history of the federal government's efforts to control industrial water pollution, seeking to identify the social structural limits on regulatory activity. Statistical analyses of data on the federal processing of industrial pollution violations are then presented, with a view toward analyzing the correlates of both business behavior and the federal response. The analyses test a proposed model of industrial regulation, and provide important support for the perspective linking law and crime.

Yeager, P.C.

1981-01-01

323

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSABILITIES' PROMOTION AND CORPORATE PERFORMANCE IN THE MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The responsibility of companies has historically been defined in purely economic terms. For example, Friedman (1990) considered maximization of shareholder wealth as being the sole objective and responsibility of a well-managed company. This perspective, though, generally viewed corporate social responsibility activities as a distraction rather than a goal. From this perspective, any expenditures of resources in the interests of social

J. C. Arias; Kate Patterson

324

International resources law  

SciTech Connect

This book covers: Historical origins of civil code legal systems; Modern civil law practice for mineral lawyers; Treaties and agreements for protection of international investments; Europe 1992-toward a single energy market; Dispute resolution in international agreements; Assessment of political risk; Reducing political risk; Protecting mineral investments from upheaval in developing countries; Typical world petroleum arrangements; government take in the Pacific Rim - Papua New Guinea; Mineral base of the USSR and prospects of investment; International taxation for the mining practitioner; Tax considerations - branch versus subsidiary; Doing business in the host country - nontax considerations; Impact of host-country laws on operations and profits; Mineral development and native rights - New Zealand; Designing the investment vehicle: mining; International oil and gas joint ventures; Selected U.S. laws with extraterritorial effect; U.S. tax and securities laws applied to foreign joint venturers; and Extraterritorial effect of U.S. laws.

Not Available

1991-01-01

325

Constructing a corporate social responsibility reputation using corporate image advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the wake of recent major business collapses, and as a result of growing stakeholder expectations that firms make a contribution to society beyond economic benefits, such as products and profits, business is increasingly engaging in non-economic activities to meet these expectations. These non-economic programs include social and environmental initiatives, and demonstrate a firm’s commitment to corporate social responsibility (CSR).

Alan Pomering; Lester W. Johnson

2009-01-01

326

[Teaching about Law and Literature].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Focus on Law Studies" contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and literature, in the form of the following six articles: "Law and Literature: New Combinations in Teaching" (John Paul Ryan); "Teaching Law and American Literature" (Janet Eldred); "Teaching Law with Sacco, Vanzetti, and the Rosenbergs" (Susan N. Herman); Ann…

Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

1993-01-01

327

[Teaching about Law and Literature].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue of "Focus on Law Studies" contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and literature, in the form of the following six articles: "Law and Literature: New Combinations in Teaching" (John Paul Ryan); "Teaching Law and American Literature" (Janet Eldred); "Teaching Law with Sacco, Vanzetti, and the Rosenbergs" (Susan N. Herman); Ann…

Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

1993-01-01

328

Public relations and corporate social responsibility: Some issues arising  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper questions current assumptions about the benefits of corporate social responsibility and the claims that corporations make on behalf of their corporate social responsibility programmes. In particular, the paper suggests that the use of corporate social responsibility for public relations ends raises moral problems over the motivation of corporations. The paper cautions that the justifications which corporations employ may

Jacquie L'Etang

1994-01-01

329

Corporate Takeover of Teaching Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the potential and the dangers of this novel form of collaboration between academic medicine and the for-profit world. The author focuses on those arrangements--purchases and leasing agreements--by which investor-owned corporations operate, for a profit, hospitals that serve as major medical teaching and research sites. He begins by reviewing how the evolving needs of academic medical centers and

Maxwell Gregg Bloche

1992-01-01

330

Corporate Responsibility, Accounting and Accountants  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Accountants have an important contribution to make to the debate surrounding Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). While\\u000a traditionally it has been financial accountability that is the remit of accountants, for many years now, accounting academics\\u000a have been at the forefront of research and theory on social and environmental accounting and, more recently, practitioners,\\u000a professional associations and others have taken an interest

Carol A. Tilt

331

Earnings Quality Following Corporate Acquisitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We use the corporate acquisition setting to examine earnings quality during the post- acquisition period. We define earnings quality as an earnings stream more closely associated with future cash flows from operations. We use the stock market’s reaction at the acquisition announcement to infer merger motives and hypothesize that synergy-motivated acquisitions will produce higher quality earnings than agency-motivated acquisitions.

Charles A. Barragato; Ariel Markelevich

2003-01-01

332

Kepler and His Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a set of 7 illustrated web pages discussing Kepler's laws. Included are equations and properties of conic sections, the scale of the solar system, the energy equation for Keplerian motion, Newton's "Universal Gravitation" and derivation of the 3rd law for circular orbits. It is part of the collection "From Stargazers to Starships", with French, Italian and Spanish translations. Four sections have lesson plans (click top right), also provided is the text of a 1-hour talk to teachers on presenting Kepler's laws, with worked examples. No calculus is used.

Stern, David

2004-11-28

333

International Constitutional Law (ICL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the University of Wuerzburg (Germany), International Constitutional Law (ICL) provides English texts of constitutional documents and links to background information on over seventy countries. Documents are cross-referenced for comparison of constitutional provisions. Also featured are links to Constitutional Court sites, a Model Constitutional Code, a section on German Case Law, a comprehensive list of international organizations, and a strong collection of links to constitutional and international law and constitution sites. The material available at ICL is widely applicable to fields such as political science, international relations, or government, and could be very useful for research projects in both secondary and university classrooms.

1997-01-01

334

The Evolving Second Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A brief historical review of the evolution of the Second Law from Sadi Carnot (1824) to present times is presented. The complex nature of irreversibility is used to identify three interrelated domains of thermodynamics, each having a different mathematical form and different types of application. In addition, a proposal is made to bring the nomenclature of the Second Law into parallel alignment with that of the First Law. Some of this material is excerpted from a paper by the author published in the July, 2007 issue of the Mechanical Engineering Magazine.

Butler, Howard W.

2008-08-01

335

26 CFR 1.963-5 - Foreign corporations with variation in foreign tax rate because of distributions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...M, is taxed by foreign country Y, the tax laws of which impose at the local level a corporate income tax of 10 percent of earnings and profits...such earnings and profits reduced by the local tax and by any profits which are...

2013-04-01

336

Private Actors and Public Governance Beyond the State: The Multinational Corporation, the Financial Stability Board and the Global Governance Order  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transnational corporations are at the center of extraordinary and complex governance systems that are developing outside the state and international public organizations, and beyond the conventionally legitimating framework of the forms of domestic or international hard law. Though these systems are sometimes recognized as autonomous and authoritative among its members, they are neither isolated from each other nor from the

Larry Cata Backer

2011-01-01

337

Private Actors and Public Governance Beyond the State: The Multinational Corporation, the Financial Stability Board, and the Global Governance Order  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transnational corporations are at the center of extraordinary and complex governance systems that are developing outside the state and international public organizations and beyond the conventionally legitimating framework of the forms of domestic or international hard law. Though these systems are sometimes recognized as autonomous and authoritative among its members, they are neither isolated from each other nor from the

Larry Cata Backer

2011-01-01

338

What Is Benford's Law?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The surprising property of many data sets that their first significant digits follow Benford's Law provides examples that can pique and hold students' interest. Several ideas for student activities are presented.|

Bradley, Jonathan R.; Farnsworth, David L.

2009-01-01

339

Law Enforcement Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

340

The Abortion Law Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This privately posted page offers extensive and highly credible information on legislation and jurisprudence relating to abortion in the US. The site offers thoroughly linked discussions of constitutional law, Roe v. Wade, Planned Parenthood v. Casey, state and federal abortion laws, including partial-birth abortion laws, and much more. The hypertext links are to primary documents including court decisions, texts of legislation, court briefs, and oral argument transcripts. There is also an index to primary documents for ease of access. We found the page to have no political agenda. As the author states, "this page is being constructed to help people, regardless of their political bent, understand the background and state of abortion law in America, and access related legal material--especially that which is less available and less well known."

341

Ohm's Law I  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students work to increase the intensity of a light bulb by testing batteries in series and parallel circuits. They learn about Ohm's law, power, parallel and series circuits, and ways to measure voltage and current.

K-12 Outreach Office,

342

The "Natural Law Tradition."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of natural law outlines some of the theory and tradition surrounding it and examines its relationship to the social science and legal curriculum and to the teaching of jurisprudence. (MSE)

Finnis, John

1986-01-01

343

Civil Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study guide is intended to be a convenient reference for use by Navy and Marine Corps officers on civil law subjects. Those subjects include, inter alia, JAG Manual investigations, enlisted administrative separations, officer personnel matters, relat...

1986-01-01

344

Civil Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study guide is intended to be a convenient reference for use by Navy and Marine Corps personnel on civil law subjects. Those subjects include, inter alia, JAG Manual investigations, enlisted administrative separations, officer personnel matters, rela...

1987-01-01

345

Coulomb's Law - Synthesis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A PhysLet based simulation using a graphical approach to explore Coulomb's law. In this interesting problem, the user has to identify three charges based on the trajectory that a test charge follows and based on the force graph.

Papadopoulos, Costas

2008-06-24

346

Distracted Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... driving issue; New Hampshire enacted a comprehensive distracted driving law. 3 Texas has banned the use of hand-held phones and texting in school zones. Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway ...

347

AJ Ohm's Law Calculator  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The electrical relationships between resistance (R), current (I), power (P) and voltage (E) is defined by Ohm's Law. One ohm is defined as the resistance which allow the current of one ampere under a potential difference of 1 volt.

Raymond, Jimmy

348

Radiology and the law  

SciTech Connect

This book contains 12 chapters. Some of the chapter titles are: The Law of Medical Malpractice: An Overview; The Radiologist as Defendant; The Radiologist as an Expert Witness; The Missed Diagnosis; Legalities of the Radiograph; and Angiography and Interventional Radiology.

Bundy, A.L.

1988-01-01

349

Chalcopyrite dissolution rate laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meta-analysis of 173 rate measurements from 21 publications was used to develop rate laws for chalcopyrite dissolution under environmentally relevant conditions. Multiple linear regression analysis of 28 data for nonoxidative chalcopyrite dissolution in the presence of O2 and Cl? produced the following rate law:r=10-1.52e-28200\\/RT[H+]1.68Here, r is the rate of chalcopyrite dissolution in units of molm?2s?1 where the surface area is

Bryn E. Kimball; J. Donald Rimstidt; Susan L. Brantley

2010-01-01

350

Vagueness and Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Vagueness in law is typically extravagant, in the sense that it is possible for two competent users of the language, who understand\\u000a the facts of each case, to take such different views as to the application of a vague law that there is not even any overlap\\u000a between the cases that each disputant would identify as borderline. Extravagant vagueness is

Timothy Endicott

351

Liability: the complicated task of licensing law enforcement technologies  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses a situation where a company (licensor) requires a liability policy as a condition of a license agreement, when licensing law enforcement technologies. The purpose of this discussion is to evaluate the reasons behind the need for extensive liability policies to protect licensors when marketing their law enforcement technologies to private industry. Finding a solution to the problem, therefore reducing the potential for high liability insurance costs, would be desirable. Since the risks associated with most technologies are virtually unknown, and because such technologies are used in very unpredictable legal environments, alternative ways of guaranteeing research and development enterprises that they will be covered against product liability are needed. Without such protection, licensors may require licensees to indemnify them beyond the usual guarantees provided in a licensing agreement, which may make the license too costly for smaller businesses. When the share of the market is limited to larger corporations, competition suffers and ultimately the cost to law enforcement agencies increases.

Hops, L.W.; Overlin, T.K.

1996-12-31

352

The Nature and Management of Ethical Corporate Identity: A Commentary on Corporate Identity, Corporate Social Responsibility and Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we open up the topic of ethical corporate identity: what we believe to be a new, as well as highly salient,\\u000a field of inquiry for scholarship in ethics and corporate social responsibility. Taking as our starting point Balmer’s (in\\u000a Balmer and Greyser, 2002) AC2ID test model of corporate identity – a pragmatic tool of identity management –

John M. T. Balmer; Kyoko Fukukawa; Edmund R. Gray

2007-01-01

353

European Asylum Law : and its Relation to International Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Chapter 1 I introduce the question of enquiry, the relation between Community and international law on asylum. Further, I sketch the content of the Refugee Convention, other relevant international law, the historical background of current Community asylum law (i.e. the asylum acquis from before 2000), and discuss the rules of interpretation that apply to international and to Community law.

H. Battjes

2006-01-01

354

Consequences of Lotka's Law for the Law of Bradford.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After discussion of the equivalency of the information laws of Bradford, Leimkuhler, Lotka, and Mandelbrot, aberrations from Leimkuhler's law (including "Groos droop" as encountered in practice) are studied. Other aberrations of Leimkuhler's law are explained, starting from generalization of verbal formulation of Bradford's Law. (18 references)…

Egghe, L.

1985-01-01

355

Kepler's Laws, Newton's Laws, and the Search for New Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. One of the high points of elementary calculus is the derivation of Ke- pler's empirically deduced laws of planetary motion from Newton's Law of Gravity and his second law of motion. However, the standard treatment of the subject in calcu- lus books is flawed for at least three reasons that I think are important. First, Newton's Laws are used

Robert Osserman

356

Rediscovering Kepler's laws using Newton's gravitation law and NASA data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kepler's three laws of planetary motion were originally discovered by using data acquired from Tycho Brache's naked eye observations of the planets. We show how Kepler's third law can be reproduced using planetary data from NASA. We will also be using Newton's Gravitational law to explain why Kepler's three laws exist as they do.

Paul Springsteen; Jason Keith

2010-01-01

357

Health Law and Administrative Law: A Marriage Most Convenient  

Microsoft Academic Search

This symposium explores the complex relationship between health law and administrative law. It is based on the observation that these two fields of law are peculiarly intertwined. It attempts to understand why this is so, as well as whether it is necessary and whether it is desirable. Would we as a society, that is, be better off if health law

Timothy Stoltzfus Jost

2004-01-01

358

Empirical evidence on internal control systems and corporate governance in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Corporate Governance (CG) theme has recently been the subject of significant measures to try to restore confidence among\\u000a investors by encouraging information and communication transparency. The Italian Parliament approved Law 262 in 2005; and\\u000a in 2006 the CG Committee of the Italian Stock Exchange approved the new Self-Regulatory Code for listed companies. This paper\\u000a deals with control matters and

Alessandro Cortesi; Patrizia Tettamanzi; Fabio Corno

2009-01-01

359

New guidelines would dictate corporate fines  

SciTech Connect

New draft guidelines for penalizing organizations and companies convicted of civil environmental crimes could substantially raise fines and require companies to put in place new mechanisms for monitoring and reporting violations. The guidelines were worked out by the US Sentencing Commission's Advisory Working Group on Environmental Offenses. There are several ways in which the draft environmental guidelines differ from the existing general sentencing guidelines. One important difference involves consideration of mitigating factors in determining the amount of a fine. Mitigating factors include such things as a strong record of environmental compliance by a company or whether that company cooperated with the Environmental Protection Agency in correcting the violation. Under the current guidelines, an organization can get a maximum fine reduced up to 95% if enough positive mitigating factors are present. That means a maximum $1 million fine can, under the best of circumstances, be reduced to $50,000. Under the draft guidelines, that $1 million fine could be cut no more than 50% to $500,000. A second major difference concerns corporate environmental compliance programs. The current guidelines contain recommendations on what should be in such plans. The proposed guidelines, on the other hand, seem to require such programs to contain certain elements if a company is to receive credit for trying to comply with the law. These elements include having policies that require employees to report any suspected environmental violations, having line managers routinely review environmental monitoring and auditing reports, and setting up a hotline by which employees can report violations anonymously and without fear of reprisal.

Hanson, D.

1994-02-07

360

Knowledge of educational law: an imperative to the teacher’s practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature of teaching exposes teachers to civil liabilities. In the process of teaching teachers need to discipline students who display bad behaviour. In disciplining the students, teachers use a variety of punishments including corporal punishment. Without knowledge of the legal implications of their actions, inadvertently they may find themselves on the wrong side of the law. This paper makes

Bernard Moswela

2008-01-01

361

The Economic Espionage Act: is the law all bark and no bite?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multinational corporations lose billions of dollars worth of proprietary information every year due to international industrial espionage. The Unites States' response, the Economic Espionage Act, has failed to curtail the problem. This paper will consider the factors that hinder the effective enforcement of the EEA. These barriers include (a) shortcomings in the design of the law itself; (b) disinterest by

Nathaniel Minott

2011-01-01

362

Maximizing Student Learning through Enron: The Ultimate B-Law Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Enron scandal has been described as "the corporate scandal of the century." Books have been written about it, its full-length documentary film was nominated for an Academy Award, it appears as an ethical case study in nearly every college business law textbook written since 2002, and for five years running, it has captivated the press and…

Sipe, Stephanie R.

2007-01-01

363

Taking Shots at Private Military Firms: International Law Misses its Mark (Again)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part I of this Article takes a brief tour through military history on the consistent use of mercenaries through the ages, which Peter Singer illuminates masterfully in Corporate Warriors. Next, a brief overview on the binding nature (or not) of international custom and treaty is explored in Part II and then the codifications of international law are taken up in

Kevin H. Govern; Eric C. Bales

2008-01-01

364

The toxic-tobacco law: "appropriate remedial action".  

PubMed

Tobacco products, despite being lethal and addictive, are highly attractive and accessible to children at hundreds of thousands of retail outlets. The proposed Toxic-Tobacco Law (the Law) will end this access by prohibiting U.S. corporations from making, marketing, or importing tobacco products. The Law will go into effect twenty years after enactment, giving all stake-holders (e.g., farmers) time to adjust. After this adjustment period, adults will be "free" to import tobacco products for personal use. Unlike Prohibition, which sought to stop Americans from consuming alcohol, the Toxic-Tobacco Law does not seek to restrict consumption by adults. The purpose of this law is to end the massive presence of tobacco products in American society in order to prevent the addiction of children to tobacco and its devastating health consequences (e.g., lung cancer). The U.S. Congress, under the "commerce clause" of the Constitution, has the authority to pass the Toxic-Tobacco Law. PMID:10643167

Gerace, T A

1999-01-01

365

The end of corporate imperialism.  

PubMed

As they search for growth, multinational corporations will have no choice but to compete in the big emerging markets of China, India, Indonesia, and Brazil. But while it is still common to question how such corporations will change life in those markets, Western executives would be smart to turn the question around and ask how multinationals themselves will be transformed by these markets. To be successful, MNCs will have to rethink every element of their business models, the authors assert in this seminal HBR article from 1998. During the first wave of market entry in the 1980s, multinationals operated with what might be termed an imperialist mind-set, assuming that the emerging markets would merely be new markets for their old products. But this mind-set limited their success: What is truly big and emerging in countries like China and India is a new consumer base comprising hundreds of millions of people. To tap into this huge opportunity, MNCs need to ask themselves five basic questions: Who is in the emerging middle class in these countries? How do the distribution networks operate? What mix of local and global leadership do you need to foster business opportunities? Should you adopt a consistent strategy for all of your business units within one country? Should you take on local partners? The transformation that multinational corporations must undergo is not cosmetic--simply developing greater sensitivity to local cultures will not do the trick, the authors say. To compete in the big emerging markets, multinationals must reconfigure their resources, rethink their cost structures, redesign their product development processes, and challenge their assumptions about who their top-level managers should be. PMID:12884671

Prahalad, C K; Lieberthal, Kenneth

2003-08-01

366

SPEC: Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) is a highly recognized organization in the computer industry for its development of standardized benchmarks used to measure and compare different computer systems. Researchers and developers can download many of these benchmarks for free from the SPEC Web site, or read about new benchmarks that are soon to be released. A very large database of results is also available to the public, showing how both home and high performance scientific computer systems perform for various benchmarks. For the average user, a glossary of terms is provided.

367

Corporate Governance Convergence and Moral Relativism  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACTManuscript Type: ConceptualResearch Question/Issue: This paper frames the debate on corporate governance convergence in terms of the morality underlying corporate governance models. The claims and arguments of moral relativism are presented to provide theoretical structure to the moral aspects of corporate governance convergence, and ultimately the normative question of whether convergence should occur.Research Findings/Results: The morality underlying different models of

Andrew West

2009-01-01

368

77 FR 48550 - Sears Holdings Management Corporation, A Division of Sears Holdings Corporation, Hoffman Estates...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Management Corporation, A Division of Sears Holdings Corporation, Hoffman Estates, IL; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding...and inventory services to India; and that the workers at the Hoffman Estates, Illinois facility are similarly situated as the...

2012-08-14

369

Survival Distributions Satisfying Benford's Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hill stated that “An interesting open problem is to determine which common distributions (or mixtures thereof) satisfy Benford's law …”. This article quantifies compliance with Benford's law for several popular survival distributions. The traditional analysis of Benford's law considers its applicability to datasets. This article switches the emphasis to probability distributions that obey Benford's law.

Lawrence M. Leemis; Bruce W. Schmeiser; Diane L. Evans

2000-01-01

370

Popular Constitutionalism As Political Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article addresses some of the critical reviews of ‘The People Themselves’, focusing on how they respond to the proposition, which I believe to be correct and made in ‘The People Themselves’, that constitutional law is a distinctive or special kind of law. I call that kind of law political law. Both parts of the formulation are equally important. Constitutional

Mark V. Tushnet

2006-01-01

371

Methodology for Teaching Constitutional Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching constitutional law concepts has become more exciting, interesting, and thorough by utilizing Barron, Dienes, McCormack, and Redish's Constitutional Law: Principles and Policy. The authors of this casebook are full professors of law who are distinguished experts in the field of constitutional law. Barron and Dienes are also coauthors of two study aid texts designed to supplement the casebook: a

Constance Frisby Fain

1998-01-01

372

Technological innovation in law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from two studies an analysis was made of producers' involvement in marketing new law enforcement equipment and of how law enforcement organizations came to adopt\\/reject these products. In general, the new product system in law enforcement was seen as involving 1) producers using technologies developed in other sectors to make “new” products for law enforcement users who 2)

David A. Tansik; Michael Radnor

1979-01-01

373

Path dependency, law and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article revisits the law and development movement. It notes that there is a renewed interest in law and development both amongst scholars and within the donor community. It seeks to examine whether there is a new law and development movement or whether the old ideas and approaches are merely being recycled. It examines recent literature on law and development

Patrick Mcauslan

2001-01-01

374

Nurturing Respect for the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the content and methodology of elective courses which expand Soviet student's understanding of the Soviet state and the courts, the structure of power, and the basic rights and duties of the citizen. Courses in labor law, love and family law, criminal law, and constitutional law expand the current social studies curriculum. (KC)

Ioffe, M. G.

1978-01-01

375

Allometric scaling laws of metabolism  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most pervasive laws in biology is the allometric scaling, whereby a biological variable Y is related to the mass M of the organism by a power law, Y=YM, where b is the so-called allometric exponent. The origin of these power laws is still a matter of dispute mainly because biological laws, in general, do not follow from

Jafferson Kamphorst Leal da Silva; Guilherme J. M. Garcia; Lauro A. Barbosa

2006-01-01

376

Why Is Law Enforcement Decentralized?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Law enforcement is decentralized. It is so despite documented interjurisdictional externalities which would justify its centralization. To explain this fact, we construct a political economy model of law enforcement. Under decentralization, law enforcement in each region is in accord with the preferences of regional citizens, but interjurisdictional externalities are neglected. Under centralization, law enforcement for all regions is chosen by

Guillaume Cheikbossian; Nicolas Marceau

2007-01-01

377

Dynavax Technologies Corporation HEPLISAV™ Hepatitis B ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Dynavax Technologies Corporation HEPLISAV™ Hepatitis B Vaccine Vaccines and Related Biological Products ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

378

The impact of evolving structures on managing corporate real estate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing corporate real estate is confronted with more problems than just the changing characteristics of real estate. While operating companies strive for more autonomy, corporate headquarters are increasingly struggling for a synergetic approach to corporate resources and capabilities. The authors argue that the impact of the corporate setting on the role and position of corporate real estate management is underestimated.

Peter J. M. M. Krumm; Geert Dewulf; Hans de Jonge

1999-01-01

379

Corporate Identity through Product Design Applied with Brand Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generally, Corporate Identity has been recognized as the integration of only the name and logo of the corporation. However, identity includes both planned and unplanned visual effects composing the whole image of the corporation. Well-refined and harmonious design corporate image can be created by comprehensive holistic approach spanning all the corporate activities such as planning, design, manufacturing and marketing. Product

Eok Kim; Chang-Young Lim

380

Corporate Action Agenda. The Business of Improving Public Education. Executive Summary. Corporate Action Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document answers such questions as: What is the corporate action agenda of the National Alliance of Business (NAB)? Why is corporate action to improve education so critical? How is NAB addressing the issues? What has been achieved? What are NAB's long-term goals in the educational arena? and What are the components of NAB's corporate action…

National Alliance of Business, Inc., Washington, DC.

381

Corporate Chaplaincy Programs: An Exploratory Study Relates Corporate Chaplain Activities to Employee Assistance Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is in response to a recent increase in the use of chaplains across corporate America and fills a void in the research literature. It explored the activities of corporate chaplains, identifying the precise functions they perform. Similarities were found between the problems that employees discussed with corporate chaplains and the issues traditionally addressed by employee assistance providers. Differences

Kim Nimon; Nanette Philibert; Jeff Allen

2008-01-01

382

Corporate governance systems: Effects of capital and labor market congruency on corporate innovation and global competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on institutional economics, this article addresses how institutional congruence between capital and labor markets influences corporate governance systems, which, in turn, create differences in national corporate innovation and entrepreneurship systems and subsequently global competitiveness. We argue that such institutional congruence cultivates two ideal corporate governance systems. The first ideal type is the market-based system with transactional capital and external

Robert E Hoskisson; Daphne Yiu; Hicheon Kim

2004-01-01

383

Contests for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and Economic Performance in the United States and Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1990s, corporate governance became a hot issue in all of the advanced economies. For decades, major business corporations had reinvested earnings and developed long-term relations with their labour forces as they expanded the scale and scope of their operations. As a result, these corporations had made themselves central to resource allocation and economic performance in the national economies

Mary OSullivan

384

Governance and sustainability : An investigation into the relationship between corporate governance and corporate sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show that corporate governance is fundamental to the continuing operation of any corporation; hence much attention has been paid to the procedures of such governance. Similarly sustainability is fundamental to the continuing operation of any corporation, and is arguably the fashionable concept of the moment. While it is clear what is

Güler Aras; David Crowther

2008-01-01

385

Taming the Giant Corporation? Some Cautionary Remarks on the Deterrability of Corporate Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional wisdom accords deterrence a prominent role in the control of corporate crime. It is argued that current confidence in a deterrence strategy is unfounded, first, because it is based on an unrealistic view of corporate decision making and, second, because it makes an overly optimistic appraisal of our legal system's capacity to control corporate conduct through punitive means. It

Charles A. Moore

1987-01-01

386

The Market for Corporate Control and Corporate Governance Regulation in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The two main constituents of any corporate governance system are corporate governance regulation and the market for corporate control. Their impact on economic growth, the development of markets, and the governance of firms has been widely studied both theoretically and empirically. However, empirical research in this field remains mostly confined to the UK and US and there is little known

M. Martynova

2006-01-01

387

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND THE GOVERNANCE OF KNOWLEDGE: RETHINKING THE RELATIONSHIP IN TERMS OF CORPORATE COHERENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance and the governance of knowledge were for a long time distinct fields of analysis. Reasons for this incompatibility are linked to the restricted vision of corporate governance supported by shareholder value which essentially refers to information rather than knowledge. In this paper, we argue that other visions of corporate governance exist which are also closer to knowledge dynamics

Jackie Krafft; Jacques-Laurent Ravix

2008-01-01

388

The multinational corporation as a multilingual organization : The notion of a common corporate language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to explore the use of common corporate language(s) in multinational corporations (MNCs). These organizations are usually multilingual and characterized by high language diversity. Parallel streams of literature in international management and international business communications are built upon to problematize the notion of a common corporate language. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Information gathered from 36 personal interviews of

Riikka Fredriksson; Wilhelm Barner-Rasmussen; Rebecca Piekkari

2006-01-01

389

Federal Communications Law Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There's a whole lot of material to cover within the world of communications law, and within their aegis, the Federal Communications Law Journal (FCLJ) covers everything from intellectual property to cable regulation. The Journal is published by Indiana University law students, and it also serves as the official journal for the Federal Communications Bar Association. This status also means that the Journal will occasionally feature pieces by members of Congress and commissioners in the Federal Communications Commission. First-time visitors to the site can browse through the contents of the most recent issues, or they can browse through archived issues all the way back to 1993. Also, visitors can view some of their short commentaries in the "Forum" area and learn about print subscriptions and submitting manuscripts for consideration.

390

Newton's Third Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educational wallsheet illustrating Newton's Third Law of Motion is the third of a set of four. Each image on the front of the poster illustrates Newton's Third Law, and is described on the back. The wallsheet also provides teachers with background information, pre-activity reading for the students that relates the law to the action of the fuel being expelled from the rocket and its reaction on the rocket carrying the Swift satellite into orbit, as well as Swift's turning motions once in orbit, pre-activity discussion with optional questions that relate to the Swift satellite, a classroom-ready activity and assessment, and post-activity discussions that tie the classroom activity back to the Swift satellite.

2009-05-14

391

38 CFR 21.4274 - Law courses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...4274 Law courses. (a) Accredited. A law course in an accredited law school leading to a standard professional law degree...to legal practice, pursued in a nonaccredited law school which requires for admission to the...

2013-07-01

392

Kepler's Second Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to Kepler's second law; that planets (and satellites) move fastest at their closest approach to the center of attraction and slow down when far away. This is made evident by calculating the ratio of greatest and smallest orbital velocities and by invoking the concept of energy. Students should acquire an intuitive understanding for the way orbital velocities vary along each orbit according to Kepler's second law. They will review the concepts of potential energy and kinetic energy and understand that orbital motion also conserves energy, in a somewhat similar way, although the formulas look different. Students will also be introduced to the procedure for calculating orbital motion.

Stern, David

393

Corporate social responsibility and the future health care manager.  

PubMed

The decisions and actions of health care managers are oftentimes heavily scrutinized by the public. Given the current economic climate, managers may feel intense pressure to produce higher results with fewer resources. This could inadvertently test their moral fortitude and their social consciousness. A study was conducted to determine what corporate social responsibility orientation and viewpoint future health care managers may hold. The results of the study indicate that future health care managers may hold patient care in high regard as opposed to profit maximization. However, the results of the study also show that future managers within the industry may continue to need rules, laws, regulations, and legal sanctions to guide their actions and behavior. PMID:21045586

Collins, Sandra K

394

Culture and Corporate Governance Statement Disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the influence of culture on Corporate Governance Statement disclosure in the annual reports of the major airline companies in Malaysia and Australia. The cultural research of Hofstede (1980) and the accounting value dimensions of Gray (1988) imply that Malaysian Airlines, from a large power distance country, will disclose less Corporate Governance Statement information in their annual report

Theo Christopher; Salleh Hassan

2005-01-01

395

RIDING THE BIG WAVE OF CORPORATE VOLUNTEERING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The world of Corporate Volunteering (CV) has experienced phenomenal growth in recent years. Not only in Australian cities, but regional areas such as NORTEC Volunteering, a resource and referral centre, claims that CV has been growing in popularity since the 1990s and is a beneficial method in which businesses can fulfil their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) - driven by the

Alan Bates; Joanne Kim

396

The Corporate Stake in Social Cohesion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a function that transcends, but includes, making profits, creating jobs, and producing goods and services. The effectiveness with which corporations perform this function determines their contribution (or lack of contribution) to social cohesion. This article therefore presents a discussion of some of the…

Oketch, Moses O.

2005-01-01

397

The Corporate University Landscape in Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The paper seeks first to present an overview of the corporate university landscape in Germany contrasting it with the US-American corporate university market and, second, to outline the development in Germany during the last 15 years and to have a look at future trends such as learning alliances. Design/methodology/approach: The…

Andresen, Maike; Lichtenberger, Bianka

2007-01-01

398

The Corporate Stake in Social Cohesion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a function that transcends, but includes, making profits, creating jobs, and producing goods and services. The effectiveness with which corporations perform this function determines their contribution (or lack of contribution) to social cohesion. This article therefore presents a discussion of some of the…

Oketch, Moses O.

2005-01-01

399

The Corporate Value and Social Responsibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past two decades, corporate social responsibility has become a controversial issue which is usually responded to according to the management style of individual corporations. Three concepts of management style have developed. Profit maximization considers that money and wealth are most important, labor is a commodity to be bought and sold,…

Lilly, Edward R.

400

Personal Ethics in a Corporate World  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the relationship between personal morality and ethical corporate behaviour. The main issue addressed here is the positing of the concept of moral intelligence - the relationship of personal moral stance and corporate behaviour. Just as there is intellectual competence (IQ) and emotional intelligence (EIQ), so too there is moral intelligence. This paper outlines the theoretical and practical

Ronald D. Francis; Anona Armstrong

401

Hindu philosophy: bridging corporate governance and CSR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to highlight how fast the divide between the good corporate governance (CG) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) is declining. The concepts covered under CG and the areas covered under CSR are no longer distinctive. Both the philosophies advocate doing good and disclosing the good done. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study does a brief

Manoj K. Sharma; Punam Agarwal; Tarja Ketola

2009-01-01

402

Corporate Governance and the Public Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance has long been a concern for industrial economists but not typically a centrepiece of policy. One reason is that policy design has been based on a market?orientated approach to the theory and impact of the firm. In contrast, this paper is rooted in a strategic decision?making perspective that makes corporate governance a central policy issue. Moreover, whereas responses

J. Robert Branston; Keith Cowling; Roger Sugden

2006-01-01

403

Corporate real estate practice in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the corporate real estate (CRE) practices of 25 major corporations in Australia. It will study such areas as, what constitutes CRE, the performance measures used in CRE practice, CRE management units, planning horizons in CRE, owned and leased CRE, outsourcing policies for CRE, use of benchmarking measures to assess the

Peter C. Wills

2008-01-01

404

Finance, Corporate Governance, and the Employment Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

This comparative paper examines the relationship between equity markets and corporate governance on one hand, and job tenure, training, and pay on the other. Two dimensions of equity markets and corporate governance are used: share trading activity and mergers and acquisitions. There is support for the posited links between these measures and job tenure, employee stock ownership plans, pay dispersion,

BOYD BLACK; HOWARD GOSPEL; ANDREW PENDLETON

2007-01-01

405

Information GRID in the Corporate World  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the COG (Corporate Ontology Grid) project, an EU project funded under the Information Society Technologies programme. In particular the Integration of the Ontological Modelling Suite (Unicorn system) with Industrial Modelling and EAI Tools is discussed. The COG (Corporate Ontology Grid) project addresses the problem of accessing and communicating data held in heterogeneous data formats scattered across disparate

N. Bogonikolos; M. Chrysostalis; K. Giotopoulos; S. Likothanassis; K. Votis

406

Corporate Support of Higher Education 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Results of an annual survey of corporate giving to higher education show corporate support continuing to advance, both in dollar amounts and in relation to several important indicators. Among the highlights are these: national estimates show education support at a new high of $870 million, a 17.6 percent rise over 1978 and almost double the 1975…

Council for Financial Aid to Education, New York, NY.

407

Agency Problems, Equity Ownership, And Corporate Diversification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agency Problems, Equity Ownership, and Corporate DiversificationWe provide evidence on the agency cost explanation for corporate diversification bydocumenting three principal findings. First, there is a strong negative relationbetween the extent of diversification and managerial equity ownership aftercontrolling for other factors related to diversification. Second, there is a weaknegative relation between the value loss from diversification and managerialownership. Third, decreases in...

David J. Denis; Diane K. Denis; Atulya Sarin

1995-01-01

408

Conceptualising future change in corporate sustainability reporting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to conceptualise how future changes in corporate social disclosure (CSD), aimed at improving accountability for corporate performance to key stakeholder groups, might be brought about. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Drawing on the work of the Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises with respect to human (and organisational) action and the work of Leon Festinger and

Carol A. Adams; Glen Whelan

2009-01-01

409

Corporate-sponsored foundations and earnings management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the strategic use of corporate philanthropy programs to achieve financial reporting objectives. Corporate-sponsored foundations allow managers to maintain stable levels of giving to charitable causes while providing substantial discretion as to the amount of contribution expense recorded on the income statement in any given period. I find that firms reporting small earnings increases make income-increasing discretionary foundation

Christine M. Petrovits

2006-01-01

410

Corporate governance and firm value: International evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the relation between firm-level corporate governance and firm value based on a large and previously unused dataset from Governance Metrics International (GMI) comprising 6663 firm-year observations from 22 developed countries over the period from 2003 to 2007. Based on a set of 64 individual governance attributes we construct two alternative additive corporate governance indices with

Manuel Ammann; David Oesch; Markus M. Schmid

2011-01-01

411

Transnational Corporations and Third World Industrialisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the question of how Transnational Corporations (TNCs) affect the process of industrialisation in the Third World. An empirical analysis of corporate concentration, manufacturing investments, factors facilitating global industrial restruc turing, and the emergence of Export Processing Zones in Third World countries is offered. The evidence suggests that the short term effects of TNC investments on foreign exchange

Kimmo Kiljunen

1984-01-01

412

Corporate philanthropy in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing demands placed on private welfare services and calls for business to fulfil its social responsibilities have heightened interest in corporate charitable donations in the United Kingdom. Adjustments to the corporation tax system have been made to encourage companies to give more. The article outlines the legal and fiscal background to company giving, examines its magnitude and reports on

Christopher J. Cowton

1987-01-01

413

Global corporate philanthropy: a strategic framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, corporate philanthropy has undergone two fundamental transformations – strategic refocusing and globalization. Faced with scarcer resources and downsizing, leading firms have redefined philanthropy by tying it directly to corporate strategies and business units. Philanthropy is now seen as a component of long-term competitiveness, rather than a short-term image builder and sales generator. Internationally it can not

Françoise L. Simon

1995-01-01

414

Corporate philanthropy: What is the strategy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic philanthropy, according to the literature, is becoming the state of the art in corporate contribution management. The term is defined in this study as the process by which contributions are targeted to meet business objectives and recipient needs. It represents the integration of philanthropy into the overall strategic planning of the corporation. Given this trend, this research examines the

Jerry D. Marx

1999-01-01

415

Practice of good governance and corporate governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance reforms are occurring in countries around the globe and potentially impacting the population of the entire planet. In developing countries, such reforms occur in a larger context that is primarily defined by previous attempts at promoting “development” and recent processes of economic globalization. In this context, corporate governance reforms (in combination with the liberalising reforms associated with economic

B?l?ceanu Cristina

2010-01-01

416

PRACTICE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance reforms are implemented around the world and may impact upon the population worldwide. In developing countries, such reforms are implemented in a broader context that is primarily defined by previous attempts of promoting “development” and recent processes of economic globalization. In this context, corporate governance reforms (in combination with the liberalization reforms associated with the economic globalization), in

Cristina B?L?CEANU; Doina TILEA; Andreea-Monica PREDONU

2010-01-01

417

Societal Perceptions of Corporal Punishment in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reform movement to abolish corporal punishment in Canadian schools has been stymied by the new conservative political movement. The public mood, troubled by political and economic disturbances, is no longer inclined to substitute expensive rehabilitative programs for traditional disciplining. Retention of corporal punishment is also…

Burmeister, Klaus H.

418

Knowledge Management at The MITRE Corporation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter overviews the knowledge management (KM) history, strategy and practice at The MITRE Corporation. A non-profit organization working in the public interest in the domains of national security, aviation, and tax administration, MITRE has inculcated learning and knowledge sharing into its corporate culture. In particular, the chapter describes MITRE's KM roots, strategy, KM objectives, a chronology of KM practice,

Mark T. Maybury

2002-01-01

419

Violence Against African Americans in Corporate America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing numbers of African Americans are entering the corporate workplace and becoming vulnerable targets for insidious, devastating and punishing forms of abusive behavior exhibited at all levels in America's corporate structures. This article explores violence against African Americans who are attempting to climb the “crystal staircase” in these formal organizations. A model is proposed to assist black executives survive hostile

Alicia Isaac; Letha A. See

2001-01-01

420

Global Spin: The Corporate Assault on Environmentalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global Spin reveals the sophisticated techniques being used around the world by powerful conservative forces to try to change the way the public and politicians think about the environment. Large corporations are using their influence to reshape public opinion, to weaken gains made by environmentalists, and to turn politicians against increased environmental regulation. The corporations' techniques include employing specialized PR

S. Beder

2002-01-01

421

Corporate financial crime: social diagnosis and treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this viewpoint paper is to assist in finding solutions for the growing moral and social issues of financial crime plaguing corporations today. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Methodology includes the synthesis of existing theories in economic sociology and criminology to “diagnose” and “treat” the existing flaws in corporate structures that have led to malaise and malfeasance. Theories include

Laura L. Hansen

2009-01-01

422

STUDY ON CORPORATE CULTURE AND VALUES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporations must alter to keep up with the changing conditions and be successful in the competition environment. The purpose of providing a structure which will support changing is the fundamental condition of managing the change process. Corporations which have a joint and shared culture will possess joint behaviors, beliefs and expectations. The first step to be taken for building strong

Haluk GÜRGEN

423

Embedding corporate responsibility through effective organizational structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the ways in which companies are embedding the corporate responsibility function in different organizational structures, and to identify, when possible, best practices related to organizational structures which have proved effective in managing corporate responsibility that can be applied by any organization, regardless of size or industry sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The

Luis R. Perera Aldama; Patricia Awad Amar; Daniela Winicki Trostianki

2009-01-01

424

AN INTEGRATIVE MODEL OF CORPORATE ENTREPRENEURIAL BEHAVIOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Based on extensive literature review and empirical validation this paper aims to develop and test an integrative model of corporate entrepreneurial b ehavior. Indeed, how much do we know about the tactics that corporate entrepreneurs employ to promote entrepreneurial projects? Entrepreneurial behavior is generally defined as th e discovery, evaluation, and exploitation of entrepreneurial opportunities. Still, more investig ation

Olga BELOUSOVA; Benoît GAILLY; Olivier BASSO

425

The Changing Shape of Corporate Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|About seven years ago, technological innovation gave rise to the e-learning industry and the growth of corporate universities. Early in the evolution of the industry, corporate universities represented a reasonable deployment of learning technologies. They enabled companies to deliver the right content to target markets (e.g., employees,…

Baucus, David; Baucus, Melissa

2005-01-01

426

E-Learning in the Corporate University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To explore the development of e-learning within the context of corporate universities with the aim of informing the debate on e-learning and establishing key areas of concern for emerging corporate universities. Design/methodology/approach: Three case reviews of large leading edge organizations in different sectors. Findings: Whilst…

Homan, Gill; Macpherson, Allan

2005-01-01

427

Accounting Quality, Auditing, and Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

SYNOPSIS: To achieve orderly capital markets around the world, corporations must provide investors and creditors with relevant, reliable, and timely information. Account- ing, auditing, and the structure of corporate governance that they operate within are essential components in the flow of information to capital market participants. However, recent accounting failures have pointed out the need for substantive improvements in these

Eugene A. Imhoff

2003-01-01

428

Corporate governance and control in Russian banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Working Paper examines peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and

Andrei Vernikov

2007-01-01

429

Why Corporations Need To Do More.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reasons why corporations should support colleges and universities are suggested by the head of both the General Foods Corporation and the Council for Financial Aid to Education (CFAE). Higher education faces three crucial problems: the decrease in federal funding, especially student financial aid; decreasing enrollments; and probable decreasing…

Ferguson, James L.

430

EARNINGS MANAGEMENT AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on stakeholder-agency theory and the earnings management framework, we explore the relationship between discretionary accounting accruals and corporate social responsibility. We hypothesize a positive connection between corporate social responsibility and earnings management. We argue that managers may satisfy the interest of stakeholders as an entrenchment strategy once these managers have followed earnings management practices, thereby damaging the long-term interests

Diego Prior; Jordi Surroca; Josep A. Tribo

2007-01-01

431

Dominant dozen: who owns energy corporations  

SciTech Connect

Control of corporations by financial institutions can be gained with a relatively small percentage of voting stock if it is combined with representation on the boards of directors, business arrangements, and mutual agreements between the investors and the corporation. The CDE Stock Ownership Directory, IV - Energy, published by Corporate Data Exchange, Inc., 198 Broadway, New York, NY 10038, documents the concentration of stock ownership of the top 38 energy corporations, the 52 largest institutional investors in the energy industry, and managers who control only five percent of corporate stock. Principal findings are: (1) in the 38 major energy corporations the top 20 stockholders control, on average, 32% of the stock; the top 5 holders 21%; (2) principal investors are usually from among 53 firms; (3) in 53 of the energy firms in the study, at least one stockholder controls 5% or more of the stock; and (4) pension and employee funds are heavily invested in key energy corporations. In contrast to this documentation, corporate advertising promotes the idea that companies are owned by widows, employees, and other small investors. 3 tables. (DCK)

Reinemer, V. (ed.)

1980-12-01

432

Examining Corporate Reputation Judgments With Generalizability Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The researchers used generalizability theory to examine whether reputation judgments about corporations function in a manner consistent with contemporary theory in the corporate-reputation literature. University professors (n = 86) of finance, marketing, and human resources management made repeated judgments about the general reputations of highly visible American companies. Minimal variability in the judgments is explained by items, time, persons, and

Scott Highhouse; Alison Broadfoot; Jennifer E. Yugo; Shelba A. Devendorf

2009-01-01

433

Corporate social responsibility: finding the middle ground  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study seeks to examine CSR theorists' criteria from the corporate executive's perspective. It aims to find out how corporate executives perceive CSR and how they would like to be perceived as CSR implementers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study uses Delphi research and data analysis to build up three sets of questionnaires. It was only the first set where

Magdy M. Hussein

2010-01-01

434

Risky Business: Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is firmly on the agenda for organisations. Although some companies have incorporated CSR into the positioning of their corporate brand, other organisations, while not adopting this strategy, realise the value of communicating their CSR message to stakeholders. The benefits sought include a favourable attitude towards their products and services, greater customer loyalty, and increased protection from

Helen Stuart

435

Capital's Daisy Chain: Exposing Chicago's Corporate Coalition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article uses the global city of Chicago as an urban exemplar of a thirty-year worldwide economic shift toward public (state) private (corporate) partnerships. Advanced by racialized youth-development discourses in Chicago, private corporations, public education, and social housing are in alliance to transform "the problems of urban America."…

Arrastia, Lisa

2007-01-01

436

The Corporate University: Global or Local Phenomenon?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This article considers the extent to which a corporate university transcends national boundaries through an examination of the operation of Motorola University in China. The aim is to extend understanding of the role and function of a corporate university and the human resource management (HRM) convergence/divergence debate within an…

Shaw, Sue

2005-01-01

437

Corporate Tax Avoidance and High Powered Incentives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the links between corporate tax avoidance, the growth of high-powered incentives for managers, and the structure of corporate governance. We develop and test a simple model that highlights the role of complementarities between tax sheltering and managerial diversion in determining how high-powered incentives influence tax sheltering decisions. The model generates the testable hypothesis that firm governance characteristics

Mihir A. Desai; Dhammika Dharmapala

2004-01-01

438

Thailand's corporate financing and governance structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors assess Thailand's policy options for reducing large corporations'vulnerability to economic shocks and improving their corporate governance - and for providing smaller firms a more stable funding structure. Using data for firms listed on Thailand's stock exchange, they empirically assess the relative importance of various factors determining the cost of capital, the availability of financing, and policies and distortions

Pedro Alba; Stijn Claessens; Simeon Djankov

1998-01-01

439

Women's Law Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Women'sLaw.org was founded in February 2000 by attorneys, educators, advocates, and web designers, with the aim of using the internet to facilitate help for survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault. The language of the website is written in an accessible style, which is most welcome. The menu tab called "Know the Law", across the top of any page, has information available under state, federal, tribal, and religious law, and addresses common issues like "parental kidnapping", "restraining orders", "divorce", and "suing your abuser", in a question-and-answer format. Helpfully, the text of the laws of each state that aid or effect domestic abuse survivors can be found on this site, under the "Legal Statutes" tab, at the far right hand side of the menu across the top of any page. "State Statutes", "Federal Statutes", and "Tribal Statutes" are available. The "Helping Others" tab offers information on such groups as "Lawyers", "Doctors and Healthcare Workers", "Religious Leaders", and "Salon Professionals". The last group may come as a surprise, but visitors can read an article entitled "Enlisting the Aid of Hairstylists as Sentinels for Domestic Abuse", to learn about CUT IT OUT, which teaches salon professionals to recognize abuse in their clients.

440

Wisconsin Law Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A substantial portion of this issue of the Wisconsin Law Review is devoted to collective negotiations in higher education. Articles included are: "The Status and Trends of Collective Negotiations for Faculty in Higher Education," by Donald H. Wollett; "The Scope of Collective Bargaining in Higher Education," by Michael H. Moskow; "Collective…

Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Law School.

441

Marketing a Law Firm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lawyers have become increasingly interested in the subject of marketing legal services since the U.S. Supreme Court found ethical bans on advertising unconstitutional. This article presents a discussion, including examples, of marketing concepts and techniques and their application to the development of market- ing lans by law firms. T R ~ interrelationships existing among tar ei market, market seg- mentation,

James G Helgeson; Nancy J. Brown; George Eddy Birrer

1990-01-01

442

Equal Justice Under Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This special theme issue of "Update on Law-Related Education""tells about the past, present, and future of equal legal representation for all in our society." It is dedicated to the history and heroes of legal aid for the poor and the need to further that cause if the United States hopes to achieve equal justice for all. In his foreword, Justice…

Johnson, Earl, Jr., Ed.

1994-01-01

443

Law in Outer Space.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the current practice and fascinating future of legal issues involved in outer space exploration and colonization. Current space law, by necessity, addresses broad principles rather than specific incidents. Nonetheless, it covers a variety of issues including commercial development, rescue agreements, object registration,…

Schmidt, William G.

1997-01-01

444

Chevronizing Foreign Relations Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of judge-made doctrines attempt to promote international comity by reducing possible tensions between the United States and foreign sovereigns. For example, ambiguous statutes are usually interpreted to conform to international law, and statutes are usually not understood to apply outside of the nation's territorial boundaries. The international comity doctrines are best understood as a product of a judicial

Eric A. Posner; Cass R. Sunstein

445

Laws of Dispersion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two problems on the laws of dispersion for materials such as small particles and gas bubbles in turbulent streams are considered. After discussing the mechanisms of single-particle dispersion, a statistical approximation model is used to calculate two-par...

R. L. Peskin E. L. Krasnoff

1969-01-01

446

Laws of programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

A complete set of algebraic laws is given for Dijkstra's nondeterministic sequential programming language. Iteration and recursion are explained in terms of Scott's domain theory as fixed points of continuous functionals. A calculus analogous to weakest preconditions is suggested as an aid to deriving programs from their specifications.

C. A. R. Hoare; Ian J. Hayes; He Jifeng; Carroll Morgan; A. W. Roscoe; Jeff W. Sanders; I. H. Sorensen; J. Michael Spivey; Bernard Sufrin

1987-01-01

447

AID and the law  

PubMed Central

The present state of the law is unsatisfactory. The exact effect on the marriage of the parties has not been decided although in English law if artificial insemination by donor (AID) takes place without consent that would appear to be a ground for divorce since 1969. The law regards a child born as a result of AID as illegitimate and draws no distinction between the case where the husband consents and where he does not. Theoretically, an offence is committed if the birth entry is falsified, presumably in cases where the husband consents. The AID child, like any other illegitimate child, has rights against the natural parents, but he is in a worse position than most illegitimate children, in that he may not have any information about his father. It is now possible to freeze sperm and so preserve it over longer periods. All the problems associated with AID are present also when sperm is preserved in banks, but if the law is in an unsatisfactory state in relation to AID this is even more true in relation to sperm banks. The main criticism of the Feversham Report (1960) could be that it recommended, broadly speaking, the `status quo' but scientific progress has now overtaken and left the Feversham findings well behind. What, therefore, is required is a full consideration of the subject of AID and, on the basis of that, some statutory code regulating all its aspects.

Cusine, D J

1975-01-01

448

Newton's Laws Demonstrations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this collection of demonstrations, learners explore Newton's Laws of Motion. These seventeen quick activities investigate air resistance, acceleration, terminal velocity, inertia, action-reaction, and other key concepts related to forces and motion. These demonstrations can be coupled together or conducted individually.

Rathjen, Don

2007-01-01

449

School Law Update, 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of contemporary legal issues, involving all levels of public and private education, are addressed in the 20 papers in this volume. Written in law review style and including legal citations, the papers and authors included are: (1) "Who Runs the Schools" (Flygare); (2) "Copyright Issues in Computer-Assisted Instruction" (Helm); (3)…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.

450

Preventive Law Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide presents a context for preservice education and/or professional development in education law for teachers. Section 1, "Teacher Liability," discusses "Duty to Supervise,""Providing Reasonable Care,""Duty,""Preventing Student-to-Student Sexual Harassment,""Reporting Child Abuse,""Issuing Permission Slips,""Defense for…

Henderson, Martha V.; Gullatt, David E.; Hardin, Dawn T.; Jannik, Catherine; Tollett, John R.

451

Consumer Law Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication is one of a series prepared and distributed by the Legal Assistance Branch of the Administrative and Civil Law Department of The Judge Advocate General's School, U.S. Army (TJAGSA) to assist legal assistance attorneys in the delivery of l...

1998-01-01

452

The laws of violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Working in an accident and emergency (A&E) department inevitably involves dealing with the consequences of violence, and a knowledge of the laws of violence is a useful adjunct to the clinical practice of A&E medicine. The police and the Crown Prosecution Service decide whether or not to charge a suspect, and which charge is appropriate. All criminal offences are initially

John Bache

2000-01-01

453

Law in Outer Space.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an overview of the current practice and fascinating future of legal issues involved in outer space exploration and colonization. Current space law, by necessity, addresses broad principles rather than specific incidents. Nonetheless, it covers a variety of issues including commercial development, rescue agreements, object registration,…

Schmidt, William G.

1997-01-01

454

Environmental Law II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are papers delivered at a 1976 Colorado environmental law conference. Included in the publication are the conference schedule, the text of nine papers, background information on authors, and bibliography listings for each paper. Titles and topics of the papers are the following: (1) Water Resources Development and the Environment…

Continuing Legal Education in Colorado, Inc., Denver.

455

Space law conference 2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many eminent space lawyers gathered in Singapore to attend the first space law conference to be held in South East Asia. Topics for discussion—which included commercialization of space activities and its effect on the needs of developing countries, and the legal issues of expanding communications and navigation satellite services—were of particular interest to the region. This report summarizes the presentations

Tanja Masson-Zwaan

2001-01-01

456

Sobriety Checkpoint Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... About Drunk Driving State Laws Drunk Driving Drug Impaired Driving Issue Brief Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over Related Links States with no explicit statutory authority may or may not conduct checkpoints. In many states, ... DC 20001-1534 phone 202.789.0942 , fax 202.789.0946, headquarters@ghsa.org

457

LAW ENFORCEMENT VIOLENCE & DISASTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2005, images of thousands of New Orleans residents — the majority of whom were low income women of color and their children, elders, and others, unable, due to poverty, to leave the city before Hurricane Katrina struck, abandoned by our government — were quickly followed by images of law enforcement violence and abuse of individuals struggling to survive under

 POLICE BRUTALITY

458

Second law of thermodynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifteen historically significant papers are presented which portray the development of the second law of thermodynamics and the development of classical thermodynamics in general from its beginning in the 19th century to 1970. Introductions and commentaries are provided for each paper. The papers were written by S. Carnot, Clapeyron, Lord Kelvin, Clausius, J. W. Gibbs, Caratheodory, Planck, M. Born, and

J. Kestin

1976-01-01

459

LAW, INSTITUTIONS AND WOMEN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, law has played an important role in defining the relations between men and women, in setting boundaries as to what women can and cannot do and in upholding the social roles and norms about men and women. The imposition of roles on the basis of anatomical and physiological differences between men and women is done by society and legal

Sadhna Arya

460

Labor Law After Legalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most important labor or employment law reform in a generation came within a few votes of enactment last spring. With due respect to the Employee Free Choice Act of 2007, which would have enacted numerous pro-worker amendments to the National Labor Relations Act, I refer to the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007, a bill that the Bush administration

Michael J Wishnie

2008-01-01

461

Equal before the law?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews empirically the relationship between politicians and decisions to prosecute or not to prosecute businesspeople who are suspected of fraud and of complicity in the supply of arms to Iraq, within the context of (a) conventional ideas about impartiality of the administration of law; and (b) the politics of bureaucratic survival. It discusses some key difficulties in ascertaining

Michael Levi

1995-01-01

462

Environment Law Review--1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the first of several volumes to be published annually in the field of environmental law. It contains material from periodicals published in early 1970, 1969, and several articles of special significance which appeared in periodicals bearing 1968 dates. It has been collected primarily for lawyers so they may have, in convenient reference…

Sherrod, H. Floyd; And Others

463

European media law  

Microsoft Academic Search

European Union legislation concerning electronic communications media is firmly established as an essential part of the law in the field in Europe. From relevant provisions of the European Convention of Human Rights and the EC Treaty to numerous directives, the most recent being the Audiovisual Media Services Directive 2007, a supranational and interrelated regime lays an extensive groundwork on which

O. Castendyk; E. Dommering; A. Scheuer

2008-01-01

464

The Gas Laws  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Inquires into the individual names and dates which are associated with the various perfect gas laws on the basis of published and historically researched works. Indicates the presence of eight features in giving a scientist credit for a scientific discovery. (CC)|

Raman, V. V.

1973-01-01

465

Public Relations & the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph synthesizes the laws and regulations that form the basis of the right to representation in the court of public opinion by all who would seek to influence public and private decisions. It expresses the framework of human and social values that underlie this constitutional freedom and that give public relations and other management…

Walsh, Frank

466

Newton's 3rd Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the University of Tennessee provides an explanation of Newton's third law with text and drawings. Diagrams illustrate the force on an object and the reaction force that the object exerts. The page includes several problems on reaction forces and equilibrium. This page is part of a web-based introductory physics course at the University of Tennessee.

Breinig, Marianne

2012-04-23

467

Desegregation Law; An Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet is comprised of the following: (i) School desegregation law: recent developments (by J. Harold Flannery), dealing with several threshold questions such as: What is illegal school segregation? What must be done about it and by whom? What will be the role of the courts after desegregation? (ii) School desegregation--the past five…

Integrated Education Associates, Evanston, IL.

468

Yugoslav Enterprises Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Text is presented in English of Yugoslav federal enterprises law, originally published in Sluzbeni list at no. 77/78, 40/89, 46/90. Provisions cover social ownership, cooperative ownership, mixed ownership, and private ownership. Includes founding and man...

1990-01-01

469

Wisconsin Law Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A substantial portion of this issue of the Wisconsin Law Review is devoted to collective negotiations in higher education. Articles included are: "The Status and Trends of Collective Negotiations for Faculty in Higher Education," by Donald H. Wollett; "The Scope of Collective Bargaining in Higher Education," by Michael H. Moskow; "Collective…

Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Law School.

470

Laws and Norms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes how private decisions and public policies are shaped by personal and societal preferences (values), material or other explicit incentives (laws) and social sanctions or rewards (norms). It first examines how honor, stigma and social norms arise from individuals? behaviors and inferences, and how they interact with material incentives. It then characterizes optimal incentive-setting in the presence of

Roland Bénabou; Jean Tirole

2011-01-01

471

Law: Bridge to Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Citizens should be able to look to the law and the courts as protectors of liberty, as a safe harbor of fairness and impartiality. Lawmakers should not hesitate to call for continuing legal revolution to assure equal protection during continuing social change. (Author/JB)|

Boodell, Thomas J., Jr.

1973-01-01

472

Kepler's Third Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet shows the relative orbits of Earth and Mars as governed by Kepler's Laws. The purpose of the applet is to demonstrate why it takes approximately 2 years for a manned mission to Mars. To simulate other relative orbital mechanics, the orbits of the Earth and Mars can be changed to any arbitrary distance from the Sun.

Bothun, Greg

473

When is cloning lawful?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The infertility (Medical Procedures) Act (Victoria) is the first legislation in the common-law world designed to regulate the practice of in vitro fertilization. This act explicitly prohibits “cloning,” without providing a definition of this term. The legislative history of the act suggests that it refers only to the production of multiple, identical copies of human individuals. But other scientific procedures,

Margaret Brumby; Pascal Kasimba

1987-01-01

474

Team Teaching School Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Graduate students preparing themselves for a career in school administration are typically apprehensive about the legal issues they will face in their first administrative position. After teaching school law for the first time, the author believed that there had to be a more effective way to reach these students rather than the traditional…

Vanko, John G.; Rogina, Raymond P.

2005-01-01

475

External Corporate Venturing: Cognition, Speed, and Capability Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Particularly in rapidly changing environments, corporate venturing has been viewed as an important mechanism for learning and renewal within large firms. The literature of corporate venturing has focused chiefly on internal venturing. External corporate v...

T. Keil

2000-01-01

476

77 FR 75908 - Airworthiness Directives; Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Airworthiness Directives; Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation AGENCY: Federal Aviation...airworthiness directive (AD) for all Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation Model GV and GV-SP airplanes...this proposed AD, contact Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation, Technical...

2012-12-26

477

77 FR 31483 - Airworthiness Directives; Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Airworthiness Directives; Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation Airplanes AGENCY: Federal...airworthiness directive (AD) for all Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation Model G-1159, G-1159A...identified in this AD, contact Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation, Technical...

2012-05-29

478

12 CFR 704.3 - Corporate credit union capital.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CREDIT UNIONS CORPORATE CREDIT UNIONS § 704.3 Corporate credit union capital. (a) Capital plan. A corporate credit union must develop and ensure implementation...and long-term capital goals, objectives, and strategies...

2010-01-01

479

12 CFR 704.3 - Corporate credit union capital.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CREDIT UNIONS CORPORATE CREDIT UNIONS § 704.3 Corporate credit union capital. (a) Capital plan. A corporate credit union must develop and ensure implementation...and long-term capital goals, objectives, and strategies...

2009-01-01

480

Highlights of GAO's Corporate Governance, Transparency and Accountability Forum.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The recent sudden and largely unexpected bankruptcy of one of the nation's major corporations, Enron Corporation, and the financial difficulties being experienced by several other large corporations have resulted in substantial losses to employees and sha...

2002-01-01

481

26 CFR 1.331-1 - Corporate liquidations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Corporate Liquidations § 1.331-1 Corporate liquidations. (a) In...distribution made pursuant to a corporate resolution reciting that the... (i) The fair market value and basis of the stock...

2009-04-01

482

26 CFR 1.331-1 - Corporate liquidations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Corporate Liquidations § 1.331-1 Corporate liquidations. (a) In...distribution made pursuant to a corporate resolution reciting that the... (i) The fair market value and basis of the stock...

2010-04-01

483

36 CFR 13.325 - Most directly affected Native Corporation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Most directly affected Native Corporation. 13.325 Section 13... § 13.325 Most directly affected Native Corporation. (a) Before the award...Director will provide an opportunity for any Native Corporation interested in...

2013-07-01

484

12 CFR 1400.1 - Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation. 1400.1 Section 1400...Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS...Functions § 1400.1 Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation. The Farm Credit...

2012-01-01

485

Options for Taxing U.S. Multinational Corporations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2008, 12 percent of all federal revenues came from corporate income taxes; about half was paid by multinational corporations reporting income from foreign countries.1 How the federal government taxes U.S. multinational corporations has consequences for...

2013-01-01

486

12 CFR 7.2000 - Corporate governance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Corporate governance procedures. 7.2000 Section 7.2000 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY...ACTIVITIES AND OPERATIONS Corporate Practices § 7.2000 Corporate governance procedures. (a)...

2013-01-01

487

Law behind second law of thermodynamics --- unification with cosmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an abstract setting of a general classical mechanical system as a model for the universe we set up a general formalism for a law behind the second law of thermodynamics, i.e. really for ``initial conditions\\

Holger B. Nielsen; Masao Ninomiya

2006-01-01

488

Crafting social rules: Common law vs. statute law, once again  

Microsoft Academic Search

While a considerable literature has arisen seeking to compare the economic efficiency of common law and statute law processes,\\u000a some scholars have argued that these efforts are misplaced because what should be assessed is not efficiency but stability\\u000a of expectations. This paper argues that any generic comparison of common law and statute law must be inconclusive, because\\u000a there is no

Richard E. Wagner

1992-01-01

489

The Teaching of Constitutional Law in American Law Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of the teaching of constitutional law used questionnaires sent to the dean of every law school approved by the Association of American Law Schools or the American Bar Association. Responses describe the basic course, advanced courses and seminars, teachers, goals, and examinations. (MLW)

Haimbaugh, George D., Jr.

1981-01-01

490

Vermont Law School's Unique Master of Studies in Environmental Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Vermont Law School offers a 1-year master of studies in environmental law for which the only prerequisite is a bachelor's degree. A fellowship program waives tuition and provides stipends for American Indians taking the program. Courses on federal Indian law complement the program. The Native community at nearby Dartmouth College provides social…

Suagee, Dean B.

2003-01-01

491

Minimal Complexity Control Law Synthesis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A paradigm for control law design for modern engineering systems is proposed: Minimize control law complexity subject to the achievement of a specified accuracy in the face of a specified level of uncertainty. Correspondingly, the overall goal is to make ...

D. S. Bernstein W. M. Haddad C. N. Nett

1989-01-01

492

Law of War Handbook (2005).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives are to: 1) Identify common historical themes that continue to support the validity of laws regulating warfare. 2) Identify the two 'prongs' of legal regulation of warfare. 3) Trace the historical 'cause and effect' evolution of laws related...

D. Grimes D. Wollschlaeger E. Jensen K. Puls R. Swansiger T. Hamilton

2009-01-01

493

Criminal Law Study Guide. Revised.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School lawyer course in military criminal law is to prepare military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills will be developed in the course:...

1985-01-01

494

Criminal Law Study Guide. Revision.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School lawyer course in military criminal law is to prepare military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills will be developed in the course:...

1994-01-01

495

Criminal Law Study Guide (Revision).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School Lawyer Course in Military Criminal Law is to prepare Military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and Solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills are developed in the course: 1. ...

1998-01-01

496

Bankruptcy Law Update (February 2000).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this program, hosted by Lawrence Ponoroff vice dean of Tulane University Law School, a panel of judges and academics discuss the most important recent developments in bankruptcy law. The panel includes Bankruptcy Judges Elizabeth Perris, William Brown ...

2000-01-01

497

ChemTeacher: Boyle's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Boyle's Law page includes resources for teaching students about the history and applications of Boyle's Law.

2011-01-01

498

ChemTeacher: Charles' Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Charles' Law page includes resources for teaching students about the history and applications of Charles' Law.

2011-01-01

499

ChemTeacher: Dalton's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Dalton's Law page includes resources for teaching students about the history and applications of Dalton's Law.

2011-01-01

500

ChemTeacher: Avogadro's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Avogadro's Law page includes resources for teaching students about the history and applications of Avogadro's Law.

2011-01-01