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1

The Corporate EEO Officer and Limits of Lawful Protest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decisions of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the courts have affirmed that corporate Equal Employment Opportunity officers are quasi-managerial employees. Their primary role is to work with the company and its personnel to resolve problems and foster compliance with applicable employment laws and regulations. (Author/MLF)

Jauvits, Robert L.

1983-01-01

2

Corporate profits and social responsibility: “Subsidization” of corporate income under charitable giving tax laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Private U.S. corporations donated approximately $6 billion to nonprofit organizations in 1994. Corporations may donate money both directly to charities and indirectly through a corporate-sponsored foundation. Tax and financial advantages, as well as differences in corporate image, arise due to policy differences in the treatment of certain gifts. This paper presents a new model of corporate giving, and examines the

Natalie J. Webb

1996-01-01

3

Natural law, human rights and corporate reputational capital in global governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a theoretical model for systematizing human rights norms to facilitate their integration into global business decision making. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper relates a natural law conception of human rights to global corporate governance. Findings – The paper shows that natural law theory gives a basis for integrating human rights into

Kevin Jackson

2008-01-01

4

Continuing Conflict between United States and English Admiralty Law on Limitation of Liability: Whose Privity Binds the Corporate Shipowner  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part I of this Note examines the difference in respective emphasis placed by United States and English admiralty law upon responsibility of a corporate employee and the employee’s position in the corporate hierarchy in determining the employer’s right to limit liability. Part II analyzes the extent to which shipowners in England and the United States are allowed to delegate their

Richard J. Violino

1986-01-01

5

Hierarchical rank and women's organizational mobility: glass ceilings in corporate law firms.  

PubMed

This article revives the debate over whether women's upward mobility prospects decline as they climb organizational hierarchies. Although this proposition is a core element of the "glass ceiling" metaphor, it has failed to gain strong support in previous research. The article establishes a firm theoretical foundation for expecting an increasing female disadvantage, with an eye toward defining the scope conditions and extending the model to upper-level external hires. The approach is illustrated in an empirical setting that meets the proposed scope conditions: corporate law firms in the United States. Results confirm that in this setting, the female mobility disadvantage is greater at higher organizational levels in the case of internal promotions, but not in the case of external hires. PMID:19824313

Gorman, Elizabeth H; Kmec, Julie A

2009-03-01

6

25 CFR 227.6 - Corporations and corporate information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Corporations and corporate information. 227.6 ...227.6 Corporations and corporate information. (a...located, evidence showing compliance with the corporation laws...interest for themselves or in trust. Cross Reference:...

2010-04-01

7

25 CFR 213.14 - Corporations and corporate information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Corporations and corporate information. 213.14...213.14 Corporations and corporate information. If...located, evidence showing compliance with the corporation laws...interest for themselves or in trust. Cross Reference:...

2010-04-01

8

25 CFR 213.14 - Corporations and corporate information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Corporations and corporate information. 213.14...213.14 Corporations and corporate information. If...located, evidence showing compliance with the corporation laws...interest for themselves or in trust. Cross Reference:...

2009-04-01

9

25 CFR 227.6 - Corporations and corporate information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Corporations and corporate information. 227.6 ...227.6 Corporations and corporate information. (a...located, evidence showing compliance with the corporation laws...interest for themselves or in trust. Cross Reference:...

2009-04-01

10

An end to consensus? the selective impact of corporate law reform on financial development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legal origins theory suggests that law reform,strengthening shareholder and creditor rights, should enhance financial development. We use recently created datasets measuring legal change over time in a sample of 25 developing, developed and transition countries to test this claim. We find that increases in shareholder protection contribute to stock market growth in the common law world and in developing countries,

Simon Deakin; Prabirjit Sarkar; Ajit Singh

2011-01-01

11

An End to Consensus? The Selective Impact of Corporate Law Reform on Financial Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legal origins theory suggests that law reform, strengthening shareholder and creditor rights, should enhance financial development. We use recently created datasets measuring legal change over time in a sample of 25 developing, developed and transition countries to test this claim. We find that increases in shareholder protection contribute to stock market growth in the common law world and in developing

S. Deakin; P. Sarkar; A. Singh

2011-01-01

12

Transnational Corporations as Steering Subjects in International Economic Law: Two Competing Visions of the  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transnational corporations (TNCs) not only occupy an important status as economic actors on the international scene, but they are also political actors who are increasingly involved in the progressive development and enforcement of the regulatory structures of the international economic system. Against this background, this article focuses on the current status and potential future development of TNCs as steering subjects

Karsten Nowrot

2011-01-01

13

Transnational Corporations as Steering Subjects in International Economic Law: Two Competing Visions of the Future?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transnational corporations (TNCs) not only occupy an important status as economic actors on the international scene, but they are also political actors who are increasingly involved in the progressive development and enforcement of the regulatory structures of the international economic system. Against this background, this article focuses on the current status and potential future development of TNCs as steering subjects

Karsten Nowrot

2011-01-01

14

Transnational Corporations as Steering Subjects in International Economic Law: Two Competing Visions of the Future?  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Transnational corporations (TNCs) not only occupy an important status as economic actors on the international scene, but they are also political actors who are increasingly involved in the progressive development and enforcement of the regulatory structures of the international economic system. Against this background, this article focuses on the current status and potential future development of TNCs as steering subjects

Karsten Nowrot

2011-01-01

15

The Purpose of the Corporation in Business and Law School Curricula. Governance Studies at Brookings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most of American history, businesses were run to provide livelihoods and "reasonable" profit. In the last few decades, though, business and society in general have moved toward emphasizing profit maximization and individual self-interest. The shift from "reasonable profit" to profit maximization has significant implications for corporate

West, Darrell M.

2011-01-01

16

Soft bankruptcy law, financial constraints, and the structure of corporate capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the capital structure of firms in a framework with adverse selection, moral hazard, and poor investor protection, i.e. soft bankruptcy law. Debtor-oriented bankruptcy law is charac- terized by an interesting trade-off: it worsens the managerial moral hazard problem but at the same time it induces the revelation of firms' financial difficulties earlier than a creditor-oriented procedure. Based

Anna Toldra

17

‘New Governance’ in European Corporate Law Regulation as Transnational Legal Pluralism  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe present transformation of European corporate governance regulation mirrors the challenges that have been facing the EU's continuously evolving polity, marked by tensions between centralised integration programmes, on the one hand, and Member State's embedded capitalisms, path-dependencies and rent-seeking, on the other. As longstanding concerns with remaining obstacles to more mobility for workers, services, business entities and capital in recent

Peer Zumbansen

2009-01-01

18

Soft bankruptcy law, financial constraints, and the structure of corporate ownership  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the ownership structure of firms in a framework with two types of moral hazard and strong debtor protection. Debtor- oriented bankruptcy law is characterized by an interesting trade-off: it worsens the managerial moral hazard problem but at the same time it induces the revelation of firms' difficulties earlier than a creditor- oriented procedure. Depending on which of

Anna Toldra

19

76 FR 23861 - Corporate Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...an assessment of the corporate's compliance with such laws and regulations...an assessment of the corporate's compliance with certain laws and...by management of the corporate credit union's compliance with such laws and...

2011-04-29

20

United States of America v. Microsoft Corporation, Conclusions of Law and Order  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Monday, US District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson announced his decision that Microsoft had violated antitrust laws by stifling competition in the Internet browser market and "unlawfully tying its Web browser" to Windows. The 46-page Conclusions of Law and Order, placed online in HTML or .pdf format by the US District Court for the District of Columbia, affirms Jackson's November ruling that the company is a monopoly that has bullied competitors and squelched innovation, hurting US consumers in the process. The Conclusion came a few days after extended settlement talks between the software company and the government broke down. A settlement is still possible, but if no agreement is reached then Judge Jackson must decide what penalty to impose; possibilites include forcing Microsoft to share its source code or even breaking up the company. Any penalty, however, will be delayed by years as the case works its way through the appeal process.

21

Dust diseases and the legacy of corporate manipulation of science and law.  

PubMed

Background: The dust diseases silicosis and asbestosis were the first occupational diseases to have widespread impact on workers. Knowledge that asbestos and silica were hazardous to health became public several decades after the industry knew of the health concerns. This delay was largely influenced by the interests of Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (MetLife) and other asbestos mining and product manufacturing companies. Objectives: To understand the ongoing corporate influence on the science and politics of asbestos and silica exposure, including litigation defense strategies related to historical manipulation of science. Methods: We examined previously secret corporate documents, depositions and trial testimony produced in litigation; as well as published literature. Results: Our analysis indicates that companies that used and produced asbestos have continued and intensified their efforts to alter the asbestos-cancer literature and utilize dust-exposure standards to avoid liability and regulation. Organizations of asbestos product manufacturers delayed the reduction of permissible asbestos exposures by covering up the link between asbestos and cancer. Once the decline of the asbestos industry in the US became inevitable, the companies and their lawyers designed the state of the art (SOA) defense to protect themselves in litigation and to maintain sales to developing countries. Conclusions: Asbestos product companies would like the public to believe that there was a legitimate debate surrounding the dangers of asbestos during the twentieth century, particularly regarding the link to cancer, which delayed adequate regulation. The asbestos-cancer link was not a legitimate contestation of science; rather the companies directly manipulated the scientific literature. There is evidence that industry manipulation of scientific literature remains a continuing problem today, resulting in inadequate regulation and compensation and perpetuating otherwise preventable worker and consumer injuries and deaths. PMID:24999846

Egilman, David; Bird, Tess; Lee, Caroline

2014-01-01

22

Multinational Corporations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The corporation; Relations with home and host governments; Economic impact--(Balance of payments, Foreign economic policy, Foreign economic relations); Political impact (Expropriation, Foreign policy, Foreign relations, International law).

1975-01-01

23

Reflections on the voluntary self-exclusion of gamblers and the law-suits against Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation.  

PubMed

Legalized gambling in Canada is governed by Provincial legislation. In Ontario, the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation is responsible for all aspects of gambling in the Province. There have been a number of recent lawsuits against this Crown agency of the Government of Ontario by gamblers, most of which have been settled or otherwise resolved. A recent class-action lawsuit on behalf of thousands of Ontario gamblers against this agency raises a number of interesting questions regarding the issue of responsibility and liability. The questions surround the issue of self-exclusionary practices of gamblers who deem themselves in need of external intervention in order interesting questions regarding the issue of responsibility and liability. The questions surround the issue to abstain from further gambling. A contract is voluntarily signed by the self-excluding gamblers whereby their further attendance at gaming venues is prevented and could be punishable by law. Where the gaming venues have failed to enforce the terms of this contract, gamblers have continued to gamble at these establishments. The class-action lawsuit stems from the grievances of these self-excluded gamblers who were not turned away. Relevant psychological theories and recent findings pertaining to gambling are reviewed and questions relevant to these grievances are discussed in favor of government responsibility and liability toward gamblers. PMID:19212809

Faregh, Neda; Leth-Steensen, Craig

2009-06-01

24

Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case involving the mental health rights of children is currently working its way toward the Supreme Court. That case, Bartley v. Kremens, challenges the power of parents to institutionalize their children in mental hospitals or institutions for the retarded without due process of law. (Author/RK)

Ellis, James W.

1976-01-01

25

12 CFR 1511.2 - Law governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01...of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights of any Person against the Funding Corporation and the Federal Reserve Banks. 1511.2 Section 1511.2 Banks...

2012-01-01

26

12 CFR 1511.2 - Law governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01...of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights of any Person against the Funding Corporation and the Federal Reserve Banks. 1511.2 Section 1511.2 Banks...

2013-01-01

27

How Corporate Governance and Globalization Can Run Afoul of the Law and Good Practices in Business: The Enron's Disgraceful Affair  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to set out the Enron's demise into the perspective of Corporate and Global Governance. To accomplish this target, the incremental cash flow model is expanded to give room for governance issues, while a functional introduction to information sets is developed, including bounded rationality, asymmetric information, opportunistic behavior, transaction costs and agency problems. Then, corporate

Rodolfo Apreda

2003-01-01

28

Who's afraid of national laws? Pesticide corporations use trade negotiations to avoid bans and undercut public health protections in Central America.  

PubMed

The agrochemical industry is using trade agreements to block proposed bans on pesticides identified as the worst occupational health hazards by a multi-country illness surveillance program in Central America. Through privileged access to closed-door negotiations, industry inserted deregulatory mechanisms, including a regional pesticide registry that invalidates national laws, investors' rights protection, and increased intellectual property protections, into the draft Central American Customs Union and the Central American Free Trade Agreement. These agreements undermine health-based national pesticide registration requirements; weaken health ministries' role in pesticide control; block marketing of cheaper, less toxic pesticides; and have a chilling effect on future pesticide regulatory activity. So long as corporations have privileged access to the trade negotiations and civil society is excluded, the resulting agreements will benefit special interests at the expense of public health. PMID:16350478

Rosenthal, Erika

2005-01-01

29

Corporate Governance and Competition Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate Governance and Competition Policy\\u000aSpencer Weber Waller\\u000aAbstract\\u000aCorporate governance law addresses the misaligned incentives between officers and directors of publicly-owned companies and their shareholders, and how this can lead to the destruction of shareholder value. Antitrust law governs the interaction between corporations and other economic actors in the marketplace and prohibits and penalizes anticompetitive agreements, unilateral conduct which

Spencer Weber Waller

2011-01-01

30

Corporate Responsibility and Reform. Teaching with the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the law related to public corporations and addresses who holds the responsibility for informing the corporate investors about the corporation. Reports on the different reforms that are needed and includes a list of useful teaching resources. (CMK)

Landman, James H.

2002-01-01

31

THE CASE AGAINST CORPORAL PUNISHMENT OF CHILDREN: Converging Evidence From Social Science Research and International Human Rights Law and Implications for U.S. Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although support for corporal punishment of children remains widespread in the United States, there is a substantial body of research from psychology and its allied disciplines indicating corporal punishment is ineffective as a disciplinary practice and can have unintended negative effects on children. At the same time, there is a growing momentum among other countries to enact legal bans on

Elizabeth T. Gershoff; Susan H. Bitensky

2007-01-01

32

Corporate Civil Disobedience in the Consumer Interest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through catalytic issue management, corporations proactively seek to affect resolutions of issues in which they have some interest. Corporations now catalyze legal changes by purposely disobeying existing law, facing the associated consequences, and lobbying for desired changes. (Author)

Dennis, Michael R.; And Others

1994-01-01

33

The System of Corporate Governance in Kyrgyzstan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is devoted to formation of the modern corporate governance system in Kyrgyz Republic. The main factors that influence this process have been studied, e.g., legal background and practice of privatization; corporate and antimonopoly law; financial markets; stakeholders activities, etc. The authors conclude that there were significant positive changes in the sphere of corporate governance in Kyrgyzstan. First of

Alexey Kisenkov; Piotr Kozarzewski; Irina Lukashova; Maria Lukashova; Julia Mironova

2006-01-01

34

Corporate Crime Reporter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published since 1986, the Corporate Crime Reporter is a legal newsletter that highlights recent news items about ongoing corporate crime prosecutions, along with featuring interviews with prominent attorneys who work in this rather intriguing field of law practice. The interview section is quite interesting as users can read long-form interviews with major players such as Dan Webb (who was a prosecutor in the Iran-Contra Affair) and Neil Getnick, who prosecuted the Bayer corporation after it was suspected they bilked Medicaid out of approximately $100 million. Visitors can also view various related documents, such as the indictment of Martha Stewart and a Justice Department memo regarding the federal prosecution of business organizations. The site is rounded out by several reports on the top 10 white-collar crime defense lawyers and the top 100 corporate criminals of the 1990s. Overall, the site will be of great interest to legal professionals, or those who are interested in learning more about the complex world of corporate crime in the United States.

35

Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Citizenship: Towards Corporate Accountability  

Microsoft Academic Search

f you were a newcomer in the field of business and social issues and you started browsing academic literature, surely you would be bewildered by a number of different terms and definitions that imply similar or identical meanings: corporate social responsi- bility, public responsibility, corporate social responsibilities, corporate societal responsibility, corporate social responsiveness, corporate social performance, corporate citizenship, business citizenship,

CARMEN VALOR

2005-01-01

36

Integrating International Business Law Concepts into a High School Business Law Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines international business content for a high school business law curriculum: history of international business law, World Trade Organization, international disputes, contracts and sales, financing/banking, currency, taxation, intellectual property, transportation, and multinational corporations. Considers whether to teach international…

Golden, Cathleen J.; McDonald, Michael L.

1998-01-01

37

A Convergence of Corporate and Academic Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the particular gifts in history for the present generation, is the increasingly large opportunity afforded to universities and corporations to be mutually supportive, not exploitative, of one another. As the federal Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 has imposed new challenges on management of all stripes, this anti-corporate-fraud law also has…

Gee, Gordon

2006-01-01

38

Corporate Crime Legislation: A Political Economy Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate crime has once again become an important issue on the U.S. legislative agenda, leading Congress and the various regulatory bodies to tighten the law and enhance honesty and completeness in disclosure. However, the continued and rather explosive growth of corporate crime legislation leaves one with a rather strange puzzle: how can such a state of the world arise? After

Vikramaditya S. Khanna

2004-01-01

39

25 CFR 226.8 - Corporation and corporate information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...evidence of authority of its officers to execute papers; and with its first application it shall also file a certified copy of its Articles of Incorporation and, if foreign to the State of Oklahoma, evidence showing compliance with the corporation laws...

2011-04-01

40

Corporate Support of Higher Education. Pressure for a Realistic Appraisal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The texts of three speeches on corporate giving to higher education are presented. In "The Potentials for Corporate Support of Higher Education--Realism Revisited," Hayden W. Smith outlines current corporate giving to education and trends in giving since 1950, a period during which changes in the law have encouraged the practice. These trends are…

Smith, Hayden W.; And Others

41

The Corporate Veil Doctrine Revisited: A Comparative Study of the English and the U.S. Corporate Veil Doctrines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article undertakes a comparative study of corporate veil piercing doctrines under U.S. corporation and English company law. The Article highlights some fundamental differences between the doctrines in terms of jurisprudential approaches, treatment of specific case types, and other related issues. The Article demonstrates that despite these substantial differences, many English corporate veil cases in fact share a similar analytical

Thomas K Cheng

2011-01-01

42

Corporal punishment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a 2-part examination of the literature on corporal punishment in which J. M. Johnston's analyses of the laboratory literature are contrasted with field study literature. It is suggested that laboratory investigators have underemphasized the reality of educational and child-rearing customs while field study investigators have underemphasized the scientific aspects of their efforts. Part 1 presents an historical and psychological

Adah Maurer

1974-01-01

43

Discourse norms as default rules: structuring corporate speech to multiple stakeholders.  

PubMed

This Article analyzes corporate speech problems through the framework of corporate law. The focus here is on the "discourse norms" that regulate corporate speech to various corporate stakeholders, including shareholders, workers, and consumers. I argue that these "discourse norms" should be understood as default terms in the "nexus-of-contracts" that comprises the corporation. Having reviewed the failure of corporate law as it bears on the interests of non-shareholding stakeholders such as workers and consumers, I urge the adoption of prescriptive discourse norms as an approach to reforming corporate governance in a socially useful manner. PMID:21847901

Yosifon, David G

2011-01-01

44

36 CFR 902.57 - Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes. 902.57 Section...Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes. (a) Files compiled by the Corporation for law enforcement purposes, including the...

2013-07-01

45

Federal Conspiracy Law: A Brief Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Terrorists, drug traffickers, mafia members, and corrupt corporate executives have one thing in common: most are conspirators subject to federal crosecution. Federal conspiracy laws rest on the belief that criminal schemes are equally or more reprehensibl...

C. Doyle

2010-01-01

46

Geron Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Geron Corporation is a biopharmaceutical company specializing in therapeutic and diagnostic products for age-related diseases. Geron owns several telomerase related patents. Calvin B. Harley of Geron is one of the co-authors of the Science article. Their page describes programs and products related to cellular aging and Cancer Therapeutics. There has been a recent finding regarding telomerase, a gene which affects the mechanisms controlling human cell replication. The site above provides general information on telomerase, current telomere research, and the use of telemorase in medical practice. Telomerase increases the life-span of a cell, and is thus central to both aging and cancer.

1998-01-01

47

77 FR 22575 - The Auction Block Company, an Alaska Corporation v. the City of Homer, a Municipal Corporation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Complainant alleges that Respondent the City of Homer is a municipal corporation organized under the laws of Alaska, is a marine terminal operator and owns and operates the Port of Homer. Complainant alleges that it pays to Respondents the rates...

2012-04-16

48

Sales and Elections as Methods for Transferring Corporate Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under standard accounts of corporate governance, capital markets play a significant role in monitoring management performance and, where appropriate, replacing management whose performance does not measure up. While the concept of a market for corporate control was once controversial, now even the American Law Institute acknowledges that \\

Ronald J. Gilson; Alan Schwartz

2001-01-01

49

12 CFR 1710.19 - Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws. 1710.19 Section...DEVELOPMENT SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Corporate Practices and Procedures § 1710.19 Compliance and risk management programs;...

2009-01-01

50

12 CFR 1710.19 - Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws. 1710.19 Section...DEVELOPMENT SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Corporate Practices and Procedures § 1710.19 Compliance and risk management programs;...

2010-01-01

51

Estimates of Effective Corporate Income Tax Rates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides a comparison of effective corporate income tax rates. Effective tax rates have been prepared by simulating the law as it existed prior to the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (TRA), after enactment of the TRA, and after enactment of the Omnibus ...

1989-01-01

52

Kepler's Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Johannes KEPLER published his three laws in 1609 and 1618 (table 1). Based on the very precise observations of Mars' orbit made by Tycho Brahe, and developed in the Copernican system, they describe the shape of the orbit of the planets around the Sun as an ellipse (first law), explain how the planets move around the Sun (second law) and

B. Mosser

2001-01-01

53

Radiation Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site lists physical laws that describe radiation. Topics covered include the Plank Radiation Law, and the Wien and Stefan-Boltzmann Laws. The site also features a table summarizing the blackbody temperatures necessary to give a peak for emitted radiation in various regions of the spectrum, and three Java applets illustrating important properties of blackbody radiation.

Astronomy, Department O.; Knoxville, University O.

54

Environmental Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has compiled a list of the seventeen major environmental laws which govern their agency and the programs they administer. Users can link to summaries or the full-text version of each law, provided, for the most part, by Cornell University. Those new to the subject may want to visit the Introduction to Laws and Regulations section, which explains how environmental laws come into being. Additional sections of the site--Regulations and Proposed Rules, Codified Regulations, and Current Legislation and Laws--link to further information such as Federal Register documents issued by EPA and the Code of Federal Regulations database.

Agency., United S.

55

Corporate codes of conduct: A collective conscience and continuum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the vast continuum between the letter of the law (legality) and the spirit of the law (ethics or morality). Further, the authors review the fiduciary duties owed by the firm to its various publics. These aspects must be considered in developing a corporate code of ethics. The underlying qualitative characteristics of a code include clarity, comprehensiveness and

Cecily A. Raiborn; Dinah Payne

1990-01-01

56

Water law  

SciTech Connect

Water law overlaps a number of legal fields beyond the narrow scope the term implies. These include environmental law, natural resources law, real property law, and tort law. This diversity can pose problems for those water resource administrators, consultants, and other professionals who need access to the latest legal decisions, but who cannot find the needed information in one single, convenient, and easily understood form. This new book is designed to present recent developments in water law on a level that can be easily understood, with a minimum of ''legalese.'' No prior knowledge of the law or legal system is necessary to understand the material, and all legal terms are explained in the text.

Goldfarb, W.

1984-01-01

57

Corporate punishment: A proposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate Punishment: A Proposal” is an exercise in logic and creative thinking. I shall argue that no good reasons exist for the supposition that corporations have rights independent of the rights and interests of the persons they serve and that the error of treating corporations as though they do have autonomous rights derives from a sloppy argument from analogy. I

Robert J. Rafalko

1989-01-01

58

Organizing Corporate Memories 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some preliminary thoughts on how corporate memories should be organized in such a way that they maximally contribute to the competitiveness of an organization. We argue that a corporate memory should support three types of organizational learning, which are described. Then we formulate functional requirements and present an architecture for corporate memories that would satisfy these requirements.

Rob van der Spek; Eelco Kruizinga; Gertjan van Heijst

1996-01-01

59

Water law  

SciTech Connect

The author pays particular attention to recent amendments to the Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act, and hazardous waste statutes. Concludes with a new chapter on regional land-use controls to safeguard water quality. This book is revised to explain the nature of law and the relationships among water law, science, water uses, water rights, and water resources management.

Goldfarb, W.

1988-01-01

60

Ohm's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

See how the equation form of Ohm's law relates to a simple circuit. Adjust the voltage and resistance, and see the current change according to Ohm's law. The sizes of the symbols in the equation change to match the circuit diagram.

Simulations, Phet I.; Dubson, Michael; Gratny, Mindy

2004-06-01

61

Ukrainian Law on Property of 4/91.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contains laws pertaining to property rights of citizens and legal entities; management of state property; property of international organizations and the corporate bodies of other states; and the protection of the right to property.

1992-01-01

62

Do Data Breach Disclosure Laws Reduce Identity Theft?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, identity theft resulted in corporate and consumer losses of $56 billion dollars in 2005, with up to 35 percent of known identity thefts caused by corporate data breaches. Many states have responded by adopting data breach disclosure laws that require firms to notify consumers if their personal information has been lost or…

Romanosky, Sasha; Telang, Rahul; Acquisti, Alessandro

2011-01-01

63

Australian Broadcasting Corporation Online: Radio National  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The highlights of this Australian Broadcasting Corporation site are transcripts of radio shows in the areas of health, law, religion, sports, and current affairs. Also included are transcripts of Ockham's Razor, a show covering many different topics in which one "thoughtful [person] has [his or her] say without pesky interviewers interrupting." Time coverage varies, with some shows' transcripts dating back to 1995. The site also contains other program and pertinent information about this network, on the air since 1932.

1997-01-01

64

Florida Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fine collection from the University of Florida's George A. Smathers Libraries documents the laws and legal heritage of Florida. It has digitized texts from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center and the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History as well as other sources. This omnibus collection features the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, a variety of general texts on Florida laws, and the Florida Water Law collection. This last collection is particularly fascinating as it brings together over 7,000 documents related to long-term water management plans across the Sunshine State. Moving on, the Florida Historical Legal Documents section of the site contains primary source materials that survey changes in Florida law from 1822 through 1845, when the area became a state. Finally, the House Journal section brings together the official record of actions taken by the House and its committees.

2011-01-01

65

Guass's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Keynote Presentation exported as a clickable Quicktime movie. Gauss's Law is demonstrated in this presentation. Utilizing an insulated sphere enclosed in a spherical conducting shell. All equations are fully developed.

Dimauro, Mr. T.

2009-01-12

66

Lawful Inspections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sanitarian often spends much of his working day performing, reviewing, or supervising inspections. It is important that the sanitarian realize the legal implications of inspections and be prepared to perform them in accordance with the law. (RE)

Sikora, Vincent A.

1979-01-01

67

Ohm's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive simulation of Ohm’s law, adapted from the University of Colorado's Physics Education Technology project, adjust the voltage and resistance in a circuit, and observe how this affects the flow of current.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2007-04-19

68

Corporate sponsored image films  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vast number of high quality corporate image and advocacy films, combined with the many other instruments of persuasion and control by corporations, powerfully direct the attitudes of the populace. In the absence of equal access, the best protection against deception from any powerful institution is skepticism — minds trained in critical thinking. But technically proficient, expensive films (costing from

James R. Bennett

1983-01-01

69

Corporate Conduct Quarterly  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Corporate Conduct Quarterly_ is published by the Forum for Policy Research and Public Service at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Camden Campus. The journal aims to offer practical advice on "corporate ethics and compliance." Visitors to the site will find an index of past articles; selected articles are available in full text.

70

Corporal Punishment Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists arguments for using corporal punishment in educational institutions and considers some advantages of its use. Asks when it should be used, who should be empowered to administer it, and why there are increasingly strong feelings against corporal punishment in some societies while others continue to use it. (BT)

Wilson, John

2002-01-01

71

Corporation-School Alliances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As federal support has declined, corporations have played a more active role in education. But business, schools, policymakers, and students often disagree on the purpose and desired content of education. Cooperative programs have been developed to resolve this communication gap, but many concerned remain skeptical about the corporation-school…

Ascher, Carol

1984-01-01

72

Corporate governance and disappointment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper raises fundamental questions about the political and economic conditions and consequences of UK and US corporate governance. It does so by locating corporate governance in present day capitalism. Politically, the rise of governance since the early 1990s is part of a more general discursive attempt to combine neoliberalism with social responsibility, which works in the specific case of

Ismail Erturk; Julie Froud; Sukhdev Johal; Karel Williams

2004-01-01

73

Kids Development Corporation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kids Development Corporation is a simulation of economic life appropriate for gifted students in grades 4-11, in which students form a corporation; purchase land; learn about building construction, banking, and investing; create a logo; and develop a community. This article describes the program's goals and objectives, schedule of activities, and…

Davison, Betty

1993-01-01

74

Lower Manhattan Development Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the search for closure and emotional healing continues for many New Yorkers and those who lost family in the tragic events that took place on September 11, 2001, the work of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation moves on in an attempt to coordinate long term planning for the World Trade Center. Established by Governor Pataki and then-Mayor Rudy Giuliani, the LMDC is a joint state-city corporation governed by a 16-member board of directors. The site contains information on the Corporation's primary activities, including information about the memorial design competition for the site and the programs and resources for individuals, residents, and businesses in the area coordinated by the Corporation. Most recently, the Corporation has placed the proposed new World Trade Center site design concepts on the site for public examination. The design site concepts feature the work of seven internationally known firms, such as Richard Meier and Foster and Partners.

2002-01-01

75

Controlling Organized Crime: A Critique of Law Enforcement Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite recent claims by federal law enforcement officials, efforts to reduce the level of organized crime have not met with success. This is the case because policy makers and the law enforcement community cling to a faulty model of organized crime in the United States: an alien conspiracy theory. It depicts organized crime as an underworld corporate enterprise comprised of

Stephen Mastrofski; Gary Potter

1987-01-01

76

World Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This consultant paper is intended to provide information useful to a goal of this curriculum development project in the war/peace field, that is to encourage students to search intelligently for alternatives to war. The most fundamental assumptions used in thinking about international law are described, including some assumptions about systemic…

Marvin, David

77

Contracting Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Revised and updated to 2006, the fourth edition of Contracting Law continues the clear explanations of contract doctrine, engaging cases, and thought-provoking cultural and historical materials that have made this casebook a favorite of students and professors. Students and faculty appreciate the fact that no separate statutory supplement is necessary. Selected provisions from the Restatement Second of Contracts and the

Deborah Waire Post; Amy Hilsman Kastely; Nancy Ota; Sharon K. Hom

2006-01-01

78

76 FR 20731 - RINO International Corporation; Order of Suspension of Trading  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...securities of RINO International Corporation, because the company has failed to disclose that: (i) The outside law firm and forensic accountants hired by the audit committee to investigate allegations of financial fraud at the company resigned on or...

2011-04-13

79

Corporate ethical consulting: Developing management strategies for corporate ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase of scandals in the business sector is forcing many companies to examine their corporate ethical behavior with a view toward rebuilding their corporate value system. This article describes how value-system reconstruction must proceed in a company and demonstrates that corporate ethics can only become plausible if based on a corporate ethical ethos. It outlines a five-step development plan

Richard H. Guerrette

1988-01-01

80

From Corporate Memory to Corporate Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology enables us to store and recuperate with a Google like interface all documents produced within the boundaries of\\u000a a company. Does this mean we have complete Corporate Memory? Yes and No because there are problems to be solved in Accountability,\\u000a Authority and Responsibility. This is not a free for all environment where people can co-create material of nonuniform quality

Dennis Tsichritzis

2008-01-01

81

Ampere's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lesson begins with a demonstration introducing students to the force between two current carrying loops, comparing the attraction and repulsion between the loops to that between two magnets. After formal lecture on Ampere's law, students begin to use the concepts to calculate the magnetic field around a loop. This is applied to determine the magnetic field of a toroid, imagining a toroid as a looped solenoid.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

82

The laws of emotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that emotions are lawful phe- nomena and thus can be described in terms of a set of laws of emotion. These laws result from the operation of emotion mechanisms that are accessible to intentional control to only a limited extent. The law of situational meaning, the law of concern, the law of reality, the laws of change,

Nico H. Frijda

1988-01-01

83

The Corporate Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched in the summer of 1999 by two long-term partners in Lens Investment Management, this site "is intended to serve as a central repository for research, study and critical thinking about the nature of the modern global corporation, with a special focus on corporate governance and the relationship between company management, their boards and their shareowners." Along with current awareness articles from the staff of The Corporate Library (TCL) and outside sources including Harvard Business School Working Knowledge, CBSMarketWatch, and McKinsey and Co., the site also provides in-depth special reports on CEO Contracts and on Corporate Governance and Performance. The full-text of Power and Accountability, the book written by The Corporate Library's founders Robert AG Monks and Nell Minow, is also available free of charge. In addition, users may search the entire TCL catalog, which includes 25 years' worth of articles emphasizing the best practices in a variety of areas including disclosure and governance and corporate standing.

Minow, Nell.; Monks, Robert A.

84

Preventing Successor Liability for Defective Products: Safeguards for Acquiring Corporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, many courts have determined longstanding limitations on successor liability to be insufficiently sensitive to the compensation needs of products liability claimants. In response, courts in several jurisdictions have eroded traditional corporate law immunities to successor liability for defective products. Although this liberalization of the principles of successor liability has expanded the range of potential defendants in many

John P. Arness; L. Anthony Sutin; Teresa C. Plotkin

1989-01-01

85

Shareholder Primacy and the Trajectory of UK Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractCore institutions of UK corporate governance, in particular those relating to takeovers, board structure and directors’ duties, are strongly orientated towards a norm of shareholder primacy. Beyond the core, in particular at the inter-section of insolvency and employment law, stakeholder interests are better represented, thanks largely to European Community influence. Moreover, institutional shareholders are redirecting their investment strategies away from

John Armour; Simon Deakin; Suzanne J. Konzelmann

2003-01-01

86

The Corporate System in Some European Countries – a Comparative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In corporate governance, through its specific mechanisms, some measures can be taken to strengthen institutional development (against corruption, administrative shortcomings, favouritism) and to promote market values. These values include accountability, transparency, primacy of law, equity, property and protection of minority shareholders. It should be considered in this context the fact that, as good would be the regulatory framework, if shareholders

Frunza Ramona

2011-01-01

87

Legal Advice Privilege and its Relevance to Corporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers whether the rationale for legal advice privilege applies to corporations. It examines the rationale for legal advice privilege in the aftermath of the disagreement between the Court of Appeal and the House of Lords in the Three Rivers litigation, and argues that the rule of law rationale for advice privilege endorsed by the House of Lords is

Andrew Higgins

2010-01-01

88

Bragg's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It may be beneficial to have students perform the Wave Interference activity prior to engaging them in this activity. The following handouts are identical, with the exception that one is in Word format, while the other is in PDF format. The students should perform the exercise in a computer laboratory. Before proceeding through the questions, they should be given an opportunity to review the material on this web page. Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet (Acrobat (PDF) 73kB Mar2 10) Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet for Word (Microsoft Word 37kB Feb25 10) The following Powerpoint presentation can be used as an introduction to Bragg's Law. Bragg\\'s Law Powerpoint Presentation (PowerPoint 974kB Feb25 10) Wave Interference Activity Prior to investigating Bragg's law through this activity, it may be helpful to explore interference of sinusoidal waveforms by following the link below. Wave Interference Activity Bragg's Law Applet Java Applet created by Konstantin Lukin with supervision by Glenn A. Richard, Project Java Webmaster Original Bragg's Law Applet page on Mineral Physics Institute web server at Stony Brook University: Project Java - Bragg's Law and Diffraction: How waves reveal the atomic structure of crystals Bragg's Law refers to the simple equation: nà = 2d sinà derived by the English physicists Sir W.H. Bragg and his son Sir W.L. Bragg in 1913 to explain why the cleavage faces of crystals appear to reflect X-ray beams at certain angles of incidence (Ã, Ã). The variable d is the distance between atomic layers in a crystal, and the variable lambda is the wavelength of the incident X-ray beam (see applet); n is an integer. This observation is an example of X-ray wave interference (Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen), commonly known as X-ray diffraction (XRD), and was direct evidence for the periodic atomic structure of crystals postulated for several centuries. The Braggs were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1915 for their work in determining crystal structures beginning with NaCl, ZnS and diamond. Although Bragg's law was used to explain the interference pattern of X-rays scattered by crystals, diffraction has been developed to study the structure of all states of matter with any beam, e.g., ions, electrons, neutrons, and protons, with a wavelength similar to the distance between the atomic or molecular structures of interest. How to Use this Applet The applet shows two rays incident on two atomic layers of a crystal, e.g., atoms, ions, and molecules, separated by the distance d. The layers look like rows because the layers are projected onto two dimensions and your view is parallel to the layers. The applet begins with the scattered rays in phase and interferring constructively. Bragg's Law is satisfied and diffraction is occurring. The meter indicates how well the phases of the two rays match. The small light on the meter is green when Bragg's equation is satisfied and red when it is not satisfied. The meter can be observed while the three variables in Bragg's are changed by clicking on the scroll-bar arrows and by typing the values in the boxes. The d and à variables can be changed by dragging on the arrows provided on the crystal layers and scattered beam, respectively. Bragg's Law Applet with details meter activated, but no constructive interference. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are not aligned. Bragg's Law Applet with constructive interference and n = 2. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are aligned. Deriving Bragg's Law by Paul Schields Bragg's Law can easily be derived by considering the conditions necessary to make the phases of the beams coincide when the incident angle equals and reflecting angle. The rays of the incident beam are always in phase and parallel up to the point at which the top beam strikes the top layer at atom z (Fig. 1). The second beam continues to the next layer where it is scattered by atom B. The second beam must travel the extra distance AB + BC if the two beams are to continue traveling adjacent and parallel. This extra distance must be an integral (n) multiple of the wavelength (Ã) for the phases of the two beams to be the same: nà = AB +BC (2). Fig. 1 Deriving Bragg's Law using the reflection geometry and applying trigonometry. The lower beam must travel the extra distance (AB + BC) to continue traveling parallel and adjacent to the top beam. Recognizing d as the hypotenuse of the right triangle Abz, we can use trigonometry to relate d and à to the distance (AB + BC). The distance AB is opposite à so, AB = d sinÃ(3). Because AB = BC eq. (2) becomes, nà = 2AB (4) Substituting eq. (3) in eq. (4) we have, nà = 2 d sinÃ, (1) and Bragg's Law has been derived. The location of the surface does not change the derivation of Bragg's Law. Experimental Diffraction Patterns The following figures show experimental x-ray diffraction patterns of cubic SiC using synchrotron radiation. Detail from previous image Players in the Discovery of X-ray Diffraction Friedrich and Knipping first observed Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen in 1912 after a hint from their research advisor, Max von Laue, at the University of Munich. Bragg's Law greatly simplified von Laue's description of X-ray interference. The Braggs used crystals in the reflection geometry to analyze the intensity and wavelengths of X-rays (spectra) generated by different materials. Their apparatus for characterizing X-ray spectra was the Bragg spectrometer. Laue knew that X-rays had wavelengths on the order of 1 Ã. After learning that Paul Ewald's optical theories had approximated the distance between atoms in a crystal by the same length, Laue postulated that X-rays would diffract, by analogy to the diffraction of light from small periodic scratches drawn on a solid surface (an optical diffraction grating). In 1918 Ewald constructed a theory, in a form similar to his optical theory, quantitatively explaining the fundamental physical interactions associated with XRD. Elements of Ewald's eloquent theory continue to be useful for many applications in physics. Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus in the Mineral Physics Institute High Pressure Laboratory at Stony Brook University Do We Have Diamonds? If we perform a high pressure experiment in a press, such as the Kennedy-Walker split cylinder apparatus, to convert graphite into diamonds, we can use X-ray diffraction techniques to determine whether we achieved the intended result. The carbon atoms in graphite are arranged into planes that are separated by d-spacings of 3.35Ã. If we use X-rays with a wavelength (Ã) of 1.54Ã, and we have diamonds in the material we are testing, we will find peaks on our X-ray pattern at à values that correspond to each of the d-spacings that characterize diamond. These d-spacings are 1.075Ã, 1.261Ã, and 2.06Ã. To discover where to expect peaks if diamond, graphite, or both are present, you can set à to 1.54à in the applet, and set distance to one of the d-spacings. Then start with à at 6 degrees, and vary it until you find a Bragg's condition. Do the same with each of the remaining d-spacings. Remember that in the applet, you are varying Ã, while on the X-ray pattern printout, the angles are given as 2Ã. Consequently, when the applet indicates a Bragg's condition at a particular angle, you must multiply that angle by 2 to locate the angle on the X-ray pattern printout where you would expect a peak. First stage anvils in the Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus

Richard, Glenn

89

A Relationship between Lotka's Law, Bradford's Law, and Zipf's Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A common functional relationship among Lotka's law, Bradford's law, and Zipf's law is derived. The proof takes explicit account of the sequences of observed values of the variables by means of an index. This approach results in a more realistic and precise formulation of each law. (Author/EM)

Chen, Ye-Sho; Leimkuhler, Ferdinand F.

1986-01-01

90

Corporate social responsibility of future radiology professionals.  

PubMed

Plagued by difficult economic times, many radiology managers may find themselves faced with ethical dilemmas surrounding ongoing organizational pressures to maintain high levels of productivity with restricted resources. This often times tests the level of moral resilience and corporate social consciousness of even the most experienced radiology professionals. A study was conducted to determine what Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) orientation and viewpoint future radiology professionals may have. The results of the study indicate that these study participants may initially consider patient care more important than profit maximization. Study results indicate that these specific future radiology professionals will not need laws, legal sanctions, and intensified rules to force them to act ethically. However,they may need ongoing training as to the necessity of profit maximization if they seek the highest quality of care possible for their patients. PMID:21366145

Collins, Sandra K; Collins, Kevin S

2011-01-01

91

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

92

Corporate marketing: apocalypse, advent and epiphany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Corporate marketing is a marketing and management paradigm which synthesises practical and theoretical insights from corporate image and reputation, corporate identity, corporate communications and corporate branding, among other corporate-level constructs. The purpose of this paper is to explain the nature and relevance of corporate marketing and to detail the antecedents of the territory. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Via the adoption

John M. T. Balmer

2009-01-01

93

25 CFR 213.14 - Corporations and corporate information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RESTRICTED LANDS OF MEMBERS OF FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES, OKLAHOMA, FOR MINING How to Acquire Leases § 213.14 Corporations and corporate...associations such individual stockholders are interested in mining leases on restricted lands within the State, and whether...

2011-04-01

94

Ownership structure, corporate governance and corporate performance in Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Following the 1997 Asian financial crisis, the Malaysian Government introduced new regulations on corporate governance, recognizing the importance of restoring market confidence. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the impact of the implementation of these new regulations on corporate performance. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Regression analysis was performed to examine factors influencing corporate performance. Ownership structure was represented

Nazli Anum Mohd Ghazali

2010-01-01

95

Corporate information management guidance  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Information Management (IM) Council, IM representatives from nearly all Headquarters (HQ) organizations have been meeting over the past year as the Corporate Guidance Group (CGG) to develop useful and sound corporate information management (IM) guidance. The ability of the Department`s IM community to develop such unified guidance continues to be critical to the success of future Departmental IM planning processes and the establishment of a well-coordinated IM environment between Headquarters and field organizations. This report, with 26 specific corporate IM guidance items documented and unanimously agreed to, as well as 12 items recommended for further development and 3 items deferred for future consideration, represents a highly successful effort by the IM community. The effort has proven that the diverse DOE organizations can put aside individual preferences and work together towards a common and mutually beneficial goal. In examining most areas and issues associated with information management in the Department, they have developed specific, far-reaching, and useful guidance. The IM representatives recommend that the documented guidance items provided in this report and approved by the DOE IM Council be followed by all IM organizations. The representatives also strongly recommend that the guidance process developed by the CGG be the single process for developing corporate IM guidance.

NONE

1997-08-01

96

Corporate Training in Museums  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Museums often court corporate audiences through special event rentals and development and promotional partnerships. But we rarely approach them as potential adult learners. In overlooking them, we miss the potential of reaching a large number of often novice museum participants who can gain from gallery learning and develop a relationship with our…

Causey, Adera

2011-01-01

97

Competition and Corporate Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are people right to think that competition improves corporate performance? The author's investigations indicate first that there are some theoretical reasons for believing this hypothesis to be correct but they are not overwhelming. Furthermore, the existing empirical evidence on this question is weak. However, the results reported here, based on the analysis of around 670 U.K. companies, provide some support

Stephen J. Nickell

1996-01-01

98

Second Corporate Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Technical and Further Education (TAFE) National Centre for Research and Development has two broad areas of activity: the undertaking and encouragement of research and development projects that are of national significance to TAFE and the dissemination of information on research and development in TAFE. The center issued its first corporate

TAFE National Centre for Research and Development, Payneham (Australia).

99

Corporate strategies: organizational structure.  

PubMed

In previous installments of this series, the authors outlined factors that influence corporation information system strategies. The factor that appears to be most significant is centralization vs. decentralization. This article presents examples of organizational structures, roles and responsibilities for either approach. PMID:10287579

Howe, R C; Oestreicher, V

1988-06-01

100

Reporting corporate crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines corporate fraud and its relationship with the media. Discusses rise in volume of fraud, due to technological advances, more teamwork and the involvement of organised crime. Looks at the decline in financial reporting this century, with the fourth estate or watchdog traditions of the press not overly concerned with financial news, due to the growth in market-driven journalism. This

Clem Lloyd; Paul Walton

1999-01-01

101

Maintaining the corporate memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

A well known fact is that corporations don’t have memories. This is because the majority of the knowledge is maintained in the employees’ heads and when they leave that knowledge walks out with them. This continues to be the bane of process safety as errors get perpetuated and incidents repeated. A system can be created, though, to form and keep a

Jack Chosnek

2010-01-01

102

Characteristics of Corporate Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study conducted to collect the data pertaining to corporate libraries in the United States in order to provide a statistical profile of these special libraries. A review of the literature was performed. The researcher used the online "1996 Directory of Special Libraries and Information Centers," which lists 21,380 special…

Charny, Wendy

103

Ethics and Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors draw on wide professional experience to address the recent failures in corporate conduct in the United States, the emerging corrective measures and the increasing public outcry for ethical accountability in organisations and governments. They conclude that it is essential that ethics are integral to the culture of an organization; a superficial grafting on of an ethical code will

Stephen D. Potts; Ingrid Lohr Matuszewski

2004-01-01

104

Comparative and International Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we examine the state of the art in comparative and international corporate governance by identifying the key research questions, main concepts, and paradigms of explanations of cross?country diversity in corporate governance. First, we discuss the multiple definitions of corporate governance across disciplines and explore how this multi?dimensional nature of corporate governance posses challenges when making cross?national comparisons.

Ruth V. Aguilera; Gregory Jackson

2010-01-01

105

Taxation of Small Business Corporations  

PubMed Central

On December 6 1979, new legislation substantially changed the taxation of business income from Canadian-controlled private corporations. The new rules will be of particular interest to corporations providing personal, financial or management services, and to professionals contemplating the use of such corporations.

Flynn, W. Rand

1980-01-01

106

Government Deficits and Corporate Liquidity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between government deficit and corporate liquidity (cash holdings). Using data of nonfinancial firms in Taiwan from 1981 to 2009, this study finds that corporate liquidity is lower when government deficit is higher. In addition, corporate liquidity is related with other macroeconomic conditions, such as inflation, short-term interest rate, and economic growth. More precisely, results indicate

Naiwei Chen; Siting Yo

2012-01-01

107

Corporate governance and liquidity management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper constructs an integrative indicator system of corporate governance, investigates the relation of corporate governance and liquidity, and illustrates investors' valuation of cash holding. Corporate governance significantly effects cash holding and cash value. Well-governed firms tends to hold less cash, and the cash value of them is higher than that of poorly-governed firms, which means investors pay liquidity premium

Boyan Liu; Zhebing Wang

2010-01-01

108

Constructive Engagement with the Corporation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many of the gravest concerns that critics of corporate culture have about the consequences of academic-corporate relationships are built on little more than ill-informed speculation, fueled by a lack of direct engagement with corporations. The solution to knowledge gap--and the key to liberation from fears of "creeping corporatization"--may…

Siegel, David J.

2007-01-01

109

78 FR 34702 - Notice of Meeting of Advisory Committee on International Law  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...agenda covers a range of current international legal topics, including the Supreme Court's recent decision in Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum, Internet governance and international law, corporate social responsibility, compliance mechanisms for...

2013-06-10

110

Demonstrating the Gas Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a complete computer program demonstrating the relationship between volume/pressure for Boyle's Law, volume/temperature for Charles' Law, and volume/moles of gas for Avagadro's Law. The programing reinforces students' application of gas laws and equates a simulated moving piston to theoretical values derived using the ideal gas law.…

Holko, David A.

1982-01-01

111

AALS Law Books Recommended  

Microsoft Academic Search

The years following World War I1 witnessed the creation of many new law schools. Standards were needed for all aspects of both law school and law library administration. The AALS, under the presidency of Professor Walter Gellhorn, sponsored the creation of a major list of titles recommended for acquisitions by academic law libraries. The list, Law Boob Recommended for Libraries,

Mark P. Bernstein

1989-01-01

112

law, economic analysis of  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the economic analysis of five primary fields of law: property law; liability for accidents; contract law; litigation; and public enforcement and criminal law. It also briefly considers some criticisms of the economic analysis of law. Keywords adverse possession; asymmetric information; Becker, G.; Bentham, J.; bona fide purchase rule; Coase, R.; collective action; compensated takings; contract formation; contractual

A. Mitchell Polinsky; Steven Shavell

113

Communication policy, corporate language policy and corporate information portal : A Holy Trinity in corporate communications?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to discuss a theoretical framework for increased integration of a company's communication policy, corporate language policy and corporate information portal with a view to facilitating communication management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws on selected theoretical contributions on corporate language policy with special emphasis on theoretical considerations on the type of language policies

Henrik Simonsen

2009-01-01

114

Corporate Responsibility und Sponsoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Anwaltskanzleien und Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaften nutzen immer häufiger das breite Spektrum des Sponsorings als ein eigenständiges\\u000a Kommunikationsinstrument. Dabei ist die Definition, was unter Sponsoring verstanden wird recht uneinheitlich. Für bestimmte\\u000a Ausprägungen des Sponsorings trifft dies sicherlich zu. Jedoch gilt das Sponsoring eines Sportvereins, einer Charity-Veranstaltung\\u000a oder die großzügige Weihnachtsspende an ein Kinderhilfswerk oft auch als Ausweis gesellschaftlichen Engagements, auch Corporate\\u000a Responsibility (CR)

Sabine Reuss; Stefanie Wismeth

115

Industrial Analytics Corporation  

SciTech Connect

The lost foam casting process is sensitive to the properties of the EPS patterns used for the casting operation. In this project Industrial Analytics Corporation (IAC) has developed a new low voltage x-ray instrument for x-ray radiography of very low mass EPS patterns. IAC has also developed a transmitted visible light method for characterizing the properties of EPS patterns. The systems developed are also applicable to other low density materials including graphite foams.

Industrial Analytics Corporation

2004-01-30

116

Building corporate associations: Consumer attributions for corporate socially responsible programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is often used as a key criterion in gauging corporate reputation. This research examined\\u000a the influence of consumers’ attributions on corporate outcomes in response to CSR. Researchers and managers have considered\\u000a consumers’ beliefs about CSR initiatives to be simplistic, serving either economic ends or reflecting sincere social concerns.\\u000a The results of two studies established that consumers’

Pam Scholder Ellen; Deborah J. Webb; Lois A. Mohr

2006-01-01

117

The iron law of politics.  

PubMed

Political philosophers have doubted the compatibility of various major values, such as equality and freedom. Ethnographic and historical evidence has indicated the presence of (1) economic equality and individual freedom in the absence of civil peace in segmentary societies based on self-help; (2) economic equality and civil peace in the absence of individual freedom in corporate societies; and (3) individual freedom and civil peace in the absence of economic equality in mercantile and capitalist societies. However, little if any evidence has documented all three -- economic equality, individual freedom, civil peace -- in stable coexistence. By way of delineating the relations between and among the values in question, I offer "The Iron Law of Politics," which asserts that economic equality, individual freedom, and civil peace cannot all exist simultaneously in any society, although any two of the three can. PMID:16859384

Salzman, Philip Carl

2004-09-01

118

International Finance Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a part of the World Bank, the stated vision of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) is "that poor people have the opportunity to escape poverty and to improve their lives." To whit, the IFC works to promote open and competitive markets in developing countries, generate productive jobs and deliver basic services, among other things. First-time visitors will find that the layout of the site is visually stimulating and quite user-friendly. Visitors can use the embedded search engine to look for specific materials of interest.

119

Students and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a practical approach to the study of law, this publication offers seven lesson plans focusing on legal topics that have potential significance to high school students preparing to enter the world of work. Lesson plans address the following topics: minors and the law, automobile insurance, employment law, sports and the law, computer…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

120

Innovations in Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" looks at historical and recent innovations in law. The first article examines the code of laws developed by the ancient Hebrews which influenced Roman law, English law, and the U.S. Declaration of Independence and Constitution. The second article explores Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of…

Martz, Carlton

2000-01-01

121

[Teaching about Family Law].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Focus on Law Studies""contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and the family", in the form of the following three articles: "Teaching Family Law: Growing Pains and All" (Susan Frelich Appleton); "The Family Goes to Court: Including Law in a Sociological Perspective on the Family" (Mary Ann Lamanna); and Michael Grossberg's…

Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

1992-01-01

122

Hyperphysics: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Hyperphysics page, from Georgia State University, provides detailed explanations for each of Kepler's Laws: the Law of Orbits, Law of Periods, and the Law of Areas. Each description offers appropriate formulas and equations as well as related images and graphics. Various links are provided throughout the article for related information.

Nave, Carl R.

2008-10-28

123

Enforceable social laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study the enforcement of social laws in artificial social systems using a control system. We define the enforceable social law problem as an extension of Tennenholtz' stable social law problem. We distinguish the choice of social laws from the choice of control systems, where the latter leads to new computational problems. We consider also properties of

Guido Boella; Leendert W. N. van der Torre

2005-01-01

124

Pornography, Coercion, and Copyright Law 2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lack of regulation of the production of pornography in the United States leaves pornography performers exposed to substantial risks. Producers of pornography typically respond to attempts to regulate pornography as infringements upon free speech. At the same time, large corporations involved in the production and sale of pornography rely on copyright law's complex regulatory framework to protect their pornographic

Ann Bartow

2008-01-01

125

Computer-Assisted Law Instruction: Clinical Education's Bionic Sibling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-assisted instruction (CAI), like clinical education, has considerable potential for legal training. As an initial Cornell Law School experiment, a lesson in applying different corporate statutory dividend formulations, with a cross-section of balance sheets and other financial data, was used to supplement regular class assignments.…

Henn, Harry G.; Platt, Robert C.

1977-01-01

126

OECD Principles of Corporate Governance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The "Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Principles of Corporate Governance" sets out a structure for directing and controlling corporate businesses. This document (html or .pdf) consists of five sections detailing the principles: "The rights of shareholders," "The equitable treatment of shareholders," "The role of stakeholders in corporate governance," "Disclosure and transparency," and "The responsibilities of the board," as well as annotations for each of the sections. Be sure to visit the OECD Principles of Corporate Governance Q&A page, linked at the top of the page.

127

The Canadian Corporate-Academic Complex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As universities more aggressively embrace corporate values, corporate management practices, corporate labor-relations policies, and corporate money, faculty associations face troubling challenges. The new reality is particularly hostile to academic freedom, and people see that hostility in the actions of corporate funders and university…

Turk, James

2010-01-01

128

Corporate environmental disclosure, corporate governance and earnings management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between corporate environmental disclosure (CED) and earnings management (EM) and the impact of corporate governance (CG) mechanisms on that association. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper uses performance-matched discretionary accruals (DA) as a measure of EM. The paper also uses ordinary least square regression with robust standard errors to examine

Nan Sun; Aly Salama; Khaled Hussainey; Murya Habbash

2010-01-01

129

Corporate mission, corporate policies and business outcomes: evidence from Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study sets out to explore questions such as: “Does mission statement matter? If so, in what ways?” Using data on mission statements of 128 large Japanese firms, the paper aims to show that corporate mission has a significant impact on corporate policies that determine employment, board, and financial structures. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper provides evidence that strong-mission

Shinichi Hirota; Katsuyuki Kubo; Hideaki Miyajima; Paul Hong; Young Won Park

2010-01-01

130

25 CFR 227.6 - Corporations and corporate information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...LANDS IN WIND RIVER INDIAN RESERVATION, WYOMING, FOR OIL AND GAS MINING How to Acquire Leases § 227.6 Corporations and corporate...associations such individual stockholders are interested in mining leases on restricted lands within the state, and whether...

2011-04-01

131

Theory "W": The Corporate Warrior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes power structure of corporations functioning under Theory W in which single leaders, in partnership with trusted followers, achieve corporate success. Basis of this industrial structure is attributed to social and developmental structures of prehistoric man and city states. Dimensions of W, X, Y, and Z theories are discussed. (MBR)

Morris, David J., Jr.

1986-01-01

132

Corporate Governance in Financial Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 29th - 30th March 2007, SUERF and the Central Bank of Cyprus jointly organized a Seminar: Corporate Governance in Financial Institutions. The papers in the present publication are based on a sample of the presentations at the Seminar. Together, the papers illuminate a number of key issues in corporate governance in a variety of financial firms. In the first

Spyros G. Stavrinakis; Christian Harm; David T. Llewellyn; Bridget Gandy; Peter Shaw; Peter Tebbutt; Mark Young

133

Corporate Memory Management through Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CoMMA project (Corporate Memory Management through Agents) aims at developing an open, agent-based platform for the management of a corporate memory by using the most advanced results on the technical, the content, and the user interaction level. We focus here on methodologies for the set-up of multi-agent systems, requirement engineering and knowledge acquisition approaches.

Philippe PEREZ; Rose DIENG; Olivier CORBY; Fabien GANDON INRIA; Joel QUINQUETON LIRMM; Agostino POGGI; Giovanni RIMASSA; Claudio FIETTA CSELT; Juergen MUELLER; Joachim HACKSTEIN T-Nova

2000-01-01

134

Corporate portal as security backbone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Network topologies found in audits and reviews are not capable to fulfill the needs of security and flexibility. Specialized networks and protection systems increase the complexity and reduce the overall security. Central corporate portals can be used as IT-security backbones. Constructing the corporate portals with reverse-proxy technology and with internal firewalls will secure, that no connection to sensible data or

U. Maurer

2005-01-01

135

76 FR 79531 - Corporate Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...WAL limits for corporate loan and investment...also require each corporate to test those...periodically for compliance. NCUA intended...quarter, for compliance with this WAL...life (WAL) of a corporate credit...

2011-12-22

136

76 FR 54991 - Corporate Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...WAL limits for corporate loan and investment...and require each corporate to test those...periodically for compliance. 12 CFR 704...quarter, for compliance with this WAL...life (WAL) of a corporate credit...

2011-09-06

137

Corporate U. Takes the Job Training Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses corporations such as Sears, Motorola, Saturn, and Intel that have created their own corporate universities to train and retrain their workers. Highlights Motorola, the largest of the corporate universities. (JOW)

Greenberg, Richard

1998-01-01

138

75 FR 73000 - Corporate Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...asset-liability management controls; amend some corporate governance provisions; and limit a corporate CUSO to categories...c)(3) IPA's Reports Consistent with good corporate governance, proposed paragraph (c)(3) requires a...

2010-11-29

139

Rural Community Assistance Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1978, the Rural Community Assistance Corporation (RCAC) is dedicated âÂÂto assisting rural communities in achieving their goals and visions by providing training, technical assistance and access to resources.â Their work is primarily focused on work in the 13 Western states and for communities with populations under 50,000. The homepage is quite inviting, and allows users to peruse a list of upcoming events and support activities sponsored by the RCAC or other like-minded organizations. Persons seeking assistance or working on behalf of such communities will appreciate information from the homepage on such programs as housing, financing, and rural infrastructure development initiatives. The publications area of the site is quite strong, especially considering that visitors can study over ten newsletters here, including Alaska Anew, which details specifically with the search for finding solutions to the solid waste problem in Alaska.

140

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is comprised of tables of benefits, on a state by state basis, as required by law including: Type of Law and Insurance Requirements for Private Employment; Numerical Exemptions; Coverage of Agricultural Workers; Jurisdictions in Which Workers' ...

1992-01-01

141

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contents include: Type of law and insurance requirements for private employment; Numerical exemptions; Coverage of agricultural workers; Jurisdictions in which workers' compensation laws apply to domestic employment; Medical benefits and meth...

1989-01-01

142

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: Type of Law and Insurance Requirements for Private Employment; Numerical Exemptions; Coverage of Agricultural Workers; Jurisdictions in Which Workers' Compensation Laws Aply to Domestic Employment; Medical Benefits and Methods of Physic...

1990-01-01

143

Generalized law for aftershocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A generalized law for aftershock decay rates is provided through the combination of the Gutenberg-Richter frequency magnitude relation, Bath's law, and the modified Omori's law. Several large quakes with readily identified aftershocks were studied. Results indicate that aftershock decay rates depended on several parameters specific to each seismic region. It was found that the law can be used to forecast the rate of aftershock occurrence after specific information about the main shock's magnitude and the area's land is known.

Shcherbakov, Robert; Rundle, John B.; Turcotte, Donald L.; Agu

144

Alabama Marine Law Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Alabama Marine Law Program at the University of Alabama Law Center was funded from January 1, 1979 to May 31, 1982. During this period, the Program had as its continuing objective research, service and education in issues relating to law and the coast...

1982-01-01

145

Communication, Law, and Justice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author takes the position that communication is an essential, but often overlooked component of law and justice; furthermore, some of the current problems in the area of law and justice are basically communication problems. The author traces the early development of communication and law as closely related disciplines, with emphasis on the…

Anapol, Malthon M.

146

Kepler and his Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson discusses the work of Tycho Brahe and his connection with Johannes Kepler. Students will receive an introduction to conic sections along with Kepler's laws and observe the mathematical formulation of the third law, and its explicit form for artificial Earth satellites. In addition, the student will confirm Kepler's third law by comparing orbital periods and mean distances for all major planets.

Stern, David

147

Laws of Thermodynamics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson explains the two laws of thermodynamics that govern the relationship between energy and natural systems. These are the Law of Conservation of Energy and Law of Entropy. Key terms are hyperlinked so that students can easily find definitions to unfamiliar words.

2012-06-11

148

25 CFR 227.6 - Corporations and corporate information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...227.6 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF CERTAIN LANDS IN WIND RIVER INDIAN RESERVATION, WYOMING, FOR OIL AND GAS MINING How to Acquire Leases § 227.6 Corporations and...

2013-04-01

149

Water, law, science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SummaryIn a world with water resources severely impacted by technology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end, this paper is an earth scientist's attempt to comprehend essential elements of water law, and to examine their connections to science. Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with a priori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science, observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while in law, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law in Europe and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago by Roman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason. Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the sea were governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that these elements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as private property. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jus gentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast, jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jus gentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in which science plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all. This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, follows their evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit of science inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving water and environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In a technological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of water law. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophical understanding of the relationships between science and law will contribute to their constructively coming together in the service of society.

Narasimhan, T. N.

2008-01-01

150

Approximation of Laws  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Approximation of laws is an important theme in the philosophy of science. If we can make sense of the idea that two scientific laws are "close" to each other, then we can also analyze such methodological notions as approximate explanation of laws, approximate reduction of theories, approximate empirical success of theories, and approximate truth of laws. Proposals for measuring the distance between quantitative scientific laws were given in Niiniluoto (1982, 1987). In this paper, these definitions are reconsidered as a response to the interesting critical remarks by Liu (1999).

Niiniluoto, Ilkka

2014-03-01

151

Individual and Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Society's demands for individual and corporate social responsibility as an alternative response to market and distributive failures are becoming increasingly prominent. We first draw on recent developments in the \\

Roland Benabou; Jean Tirole

2009-01-01

152

A Concept of Corporate Memory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a concept of 'corporate memory' which attempts to provide information systems support to the organization as a whole. It also examines the propositions that organizations incur higher information gathering costs than individuals and ...

H. L. Morgan D. J. Root

1979-01-01

153

Hot on the Corporate Trail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The key sources for public company information are annual reports, company reports published by Moody's Investors Service and Standard and Poor's Corporation, industry surveys, and periodical indexes. (Author/PF)

Truelson, Judith A.

1976-01-01

154

Putting the Second Law to Work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermo Electron Corporation was founded in 1956 by Dr. George Hatsopoulos with the goal of applying thermodynamics to the solution of energy problems throughout society. As the company grew from a small research laboratory to a multi-billion dollar Fortune 500 enterprise, the Second Law of thermodynamics played a pivotal role in creating a diversified portfolio of products and services. George and his staff also employed thermodynamics, particularly availability analyses of energy processes, to help guide changes in National policy arising from the 1973 oil embargo. As directors of the company, Professors Joseph Keenan and Elias Gyftopoulos made key contributions to the strategy of applying the Second Law to real-world engineering challenges.

Widmer, Thomas F.

2008-08-01

155

Study on Corporate Hereditary Central Dogma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on analyzing the central dogma of biology, this paper raises hypothesis, using the analogism method to set up the corporate hereditary central dogma. It analyzes the differences between the Corporate hereditary central dogma and the central dogma of biology, which explains the significance of research on Corporate hereditary central dogma; it discusses the meanings of all factors of Corporate

Li Xianbai

2010-01-01

156

A Cooperative Approach to Corporate Memory Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, the importance of Knowledge Management is growing in organizational contexts. Corporate Memory is an appropriate tool to represent organizational knowledge. This work presents an ontology-based approach to Corporate Memory modeling. In it, the members of an organization act as 'knowledge builders' and they construct the Corporate Memory co- operatively. Furthermore, the employees who take part of the Corporate Memory

Jesualdo Tomás; Fernández Breis; Rodrigo Martínez-Béjar; Laura María Campoy-Gómez; Fernando Martín-Rubio; Juan José García-Martínez

157

Corporate Governance and Earnings Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This study investigates whether a firm’s corporate governance practices have an effect onthe quality of its publicly released financial information. In particular, we examine the relationship between,audit committee,and board of directors characteristics and the extent of corporate,earnings ,management ,as measured ,by the ,level of positive ,and ,negative discretionary accruals. Using two groups of US firms, one with relatively high

Sonda Marrakchi Chtourou; Jean Bédard; Lucie Courteau

2001-01-01

158

Corporate Governance and Firm Diversification  

Microsoft Academic Search

We empirically investigate whether corporate governance structure is different between focused and diversified firms, and whether any differences in corporate governance are associated with the value loss from diversification. We find that, relative to focused firms, CEOs in diversified firms have lower stock ownership and lower pay-for-performance sensitivities. Diversified companies, however, have more outside directors, no difference in independent block-holdings,

Ronald C. Anderson; Thomas W. Bates; John M. Bizjak; Michael L. Lemmon

2000-01-01

159

Corporal punishment and child adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between corporal punishment and children's emotional and behavioral functioning was studied in a sample of 98 non-referred children with a mean age of 12.35 (SD=1.72) recruited from two school systems in the southeastern United States. Children were divided into those who had experienced no corporal punishment over approximately a two-week period, those who had experienced mild levels of

Katherine J. Aucoin; Paul J. Frick; S. Doug Bodin

2006-01-01

160

Corporate Governance and Business Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Corporate governance can be an important defense against unethical corporate behavior (Carcello 2009). For example, a firm’s\\u000a board of directors is responsible for overseeing firm management. If the board does not adequately perform this oversight,\\u000a then it may be easier for managers to behave unethically. In fact, Hoffman and Rowe (2007) report that various investigations\\u000a found that poor oversight of

Andrew J. Felo

161

Mashup-Aware Corporate Portals  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Unlike other Web applications, corporate portals reckon to provide an integration space for corporate services. Mashups contribute\\u000a to this goal by bringing a relevant customization technique whereby portal users can supplement portal services with their\\u000a own data needs. The challenge is to find a balance between portal reliability and mashup freedom. Our approach is to split\\u000a responsibilities between service providers

Sandy Pérez; Oscar Díaz

2010-01-01

162

Capability Theory, Employee Voice and Corporate Restructuring: Evidence from UK Case Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the relationship between capability for voice and corporate restructuring through an empirical study of the operation of the UK's Information and Consultation (I&C) Regulations of 2004. These Regulations, implementing an EU Directive, introduced elements of the continental European codetermination model into UK law, while allowing for flexibility and experimentation in forms of employee representation. Although the absence of

S. Deakin; A. Koukiadaki

2011-01-01

163

Introduction: Special issue: corporate governance: what do we know and what is different about banks?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special volume of the Economic Policy Review is designed to foster a better understanding of corporate governance - particularly as it applies to banking firms - among regulators, investors, researchers, and the interested public. The contributors to the volume, specialists in governance, analyze the topic from many perspectives, including law, financial accounting, and financial economics. As they summarize and

Hamid Mehran

2003-01-01

164

31 CFR 515.521 - U.S. assets of certain Cuban corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of corporations formed under the laws of Cuba, after deducting the total debt due...did not carry on substantial business in Cuba under the management or control of the...assets purportedly have been nationalized by Cuba, compensation has not been paid to...

2013-07-01

165

Corporate Identity and Corporate Reputation in Silicon Valley: Case Studies in Public Relations and Integrated Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This two-case study of high-tech firms in Silicon Valley, near San Jose, California, explored how and why corporate identity principles were used in establishing a model campaign plan for these companies. In this process, it was necessary to establish a clearer relationship among the terms, corporate identity, corporate image, corporate branding, and corporate reputation from the organizational, advertising and public

Kenneth D. Plowman; Satina Chiu

2007-01-01

166

Ownership structure, corporate governance and corporate liquidity policy : Evidence from the Ghana Stock Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of ownership structure and corporate governance on corporate liquidity policy from a developing country perspective, Ghana Stock Exchange (GSE). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The authors adopt multiple regression analysis in estimating the relationship between ownership structure, corporate governance and corporate liquidity policy as well as the impact of corporate governance

Godfred A. Bokpin; Zangina Isshaq; Francis Aboagye-Otchere

2011-01-01

167

Covenant model of corporate compliance. "Corporate integrity" program meets mission, not just legal, requirements.  

PubMed

Catholic healthcare should establish comprehensive compliance strategies, beyond following Medicare reimbursement laws, that reflect mission and ethics. A covenant model of business ethics--rather than a self-interest emphasis on contracts--can help organizations develop a creed to focus on obligations and trust in their relationships. The corporate integrity program (CIP) of Mercy Health System Oklahoma promotes its mission and interests, educates and motivates its employees, provides assurance of systemwide commitment, and enforces CIP policies and procedures. Mercy's creed, based on its mission statement and core values, articulates responsibilities regarding patients and providers, business partners, society and the environment, and internal relationships. The CIP is carried out through an integrated network of committees, advocacy teams, and an expanded institutional review board. Two documents set standards for how Mercy conducts external affairs and clarify employee codes of conduct. PMID:10181597

Tuohey, J F

1998-01-01

168

76 FR 35024 - Precision Dynamics Corporation San Fernando, CA; Precision Dynamics Corporation, Also Known as...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Dynamics Corporation, Also Known as the St. John Companies, Valencia, CA; Amended Certification...Dynamics Corporation, also known as The St. John Companies, operated in conjunction with...Dynamics Corporation, also known as The St. John Companies, Valencia, California...

2011-06-15

169

Establishment of Alternative Corporations by Selected Legal Services Corporation Grant Recipients.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

GAO reviewed corporations established by three Legal Services Corporation (LSC) grant recipients allegedly to avoid grant restrictions. In reviewing these 'alternative' corporations, GAO found that: The LSC Act and regulations do not prohibit LSC grant re...

1985-01-01

170

75 FR 20389 - Resinoid Engineering Corporation Hebron, OH; Resinoid Engineering Corporation Heath, OH; Amended...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TA-W-71,175; TA-W-71,175A] Resinoid Engineering Corporation Hebron, OH; Resinoid Engineering Corporation Heath, OH; Amended Certification...2010, applicable to workers of Resinoid Engineering Corporation, Hebron, Ohio. The...

2010-04-19

171

12 CFR 704.11 - Corporate Credit Union Service Organizations (Corporate CUSOs).  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Corporate Credit Union Service Organizations (Corporate CUSOs...Section 704.11 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS CORPORATE CREDIT UNIONS §...

2014-01-01

172

Newton's Law of Gravitation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The two activities included in this guide introduce students to the principles behind Newton's Law of Gravitation and help students learn aspects of the law in an interesting and engaging way. This guide provides teachers with background information pertaining to the activities, preparation suggestions for each activity, as well as material lists, and demonstrations. The activity guide assumes knowledge of Newton's Second Law of Motion, can be tailored for the level of the students, and can be completed individually or in groups. This is the last of four posters on Newton's Laws and a copy of the wallsheet intended to accompany these activities is available on this website.

173

Law.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Describing itself as "a single, comprehensive destination for legal information, e-law services and legal products on the Web," this Website offers law students, legal professionals, business firms, and the general public news and information on the law. Lawyers will find here such items as the complete text of the latest edition of the American Lawyer with its listing of the top 100 law firms in the country. Law students can take advantage of features about schools, transferring, and recruiting, as well as links to professional associations. Businesses can find news and analysis of recent issues in business law as well as updated, annotated links to business law sites. For the public, the site offers news and analysis on prominent legal issues, such as recent Supreme Court decisions and the Wisconsin suit against the EPA over formulated gasoline. In addition, an online Real Life Dictionary of the Law gives accessible definitions to over 3,000 common legal terms. The search engine for the site draws on a surprisingly extensive archive -- for instance, we received more than 350 returns for "bankruptcy" -- making this site also a manageable resource for legal research, especially for practicing lawyers, journalists, and the general public. While this is a commercial site offering to sell law books, pamphlets, multimedia materials, and various online services, there is a considerable collection of free materials for users.

174

Bullying Policies and Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Policies & Laws | Español Search Stopbullying.gov WHAT IS BULLYING Definition The Roles Kids Play Related Topics CYBER BULLYING What is Cyberbullying? Prevent Cyberbullying Report Cyberbullying WHO ...

175

German Law Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Gerhard Dannemann of the Centre for the Advanced Study of European and Comparative Law at University of Oxford, this site features cases, literature, and bibliographies on German law. Documents contained in the archive are organized in four sections: Judgments and other decisions by German courts; Statues: Acts of Parliament and statutory instruments; Literature on German law; and Bibliographies on German law. Additional resources include an internal search engine and related links. Some of the sections are still under development, and information for potential contributors to the archive is provided.

176

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

177

The Patent Examiner: Corporate Survival Guide to Patenting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Washington D.C. law firm Arent Fox created the Corporate Survival Guide to Patenting to provide a general overview of issues in the patenting process. As there are often no easy answers concerning inventors, their works, and terms of employment, Arent Fox staff offer in-depth advice based on important decisions, as well as links to other useful patent pages. Articles on site cover topics such as employment contracts and establishing a successful patent program, in addition to invention ownership in general.

1996-01-01

178

School Law Update...Preventive School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of contemporary legal issues are addressed in the 15 separate papers that make up this volume. The introductory chapter by William C. Bednar, Jr. provides a broad-based rationale for "Preventive School Law." Chapters 2 and 3, both by Gerald A. Caplan, review "Current Issues in Reduction-in-Force" and "First Amendment Claims by…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.

179

LawGuru.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LawGuru.com is an exhaustive resource for free legal information. The site provides access to more than 430 legal search engines and databases, including a feature that allows parallel searching of multiple databases. The site also maintains the LawGuru.com BBS, a searchable database of legal questions posted by users accompanied by responses from one of the more than 320 practicing attorneys in the LawGuru.com network. Currently the BBS database contains over 4,000 legal questions divided into more than 25 categories. In addition, LawGuru.com provides a collection of fifteen FAQs written on various legal issues, links to over 500 legal Internet resources, and information on over 600 associated electronic mailing lists. Recently, LawGuru.com began hosting the Internet Law Library (see the May 3, 1996 Scout Report), a comprehensive resource formerly maintained by the US House of Representatives. LawGuru.com is operated by The Law Offices of Eslamboly & Barlavi (California).

180

Information Law and Copyright.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of information law's inability to keep up with rapid changes in information technology and impreciseness of the law, copyrighting of databases poses unique problems. Interpretation of fair use doctrine, privately owned computer "downloading," impact of federal electronic filing, and questions concerning information businesses need to be…

Marx, Peter A.

1986-01-01

181

Reinventing Howard's Law School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes efforts by Alice Gresham Bullock, dean of the Howard University School of Law, to improve the school (including building a new library and improving relations with faculty) and restore Howard to its previous stature as a leader in civil rights law. (EV)

Glenn, Gwendolyn

2001-01-01

182

Know Your Laws. Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Spanish language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of…

Watson, Joan Q.; Ackerson, Leonor

183

Scaling Laws for SGEMP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scaling laws for the nonlinear system-generated electromagnetic pulse (SGEMP) problem are defined and resulting implications for theory and experiments are explored. The scaling laws are used to present calculations in a scaled format which permits display of responses to a wide range of variations in fluence, spectrum, pulse width, and characteristic dimension. Interesting trends in the solutions as a function

A. J. Woods; E. P. Wenaas

1976-01-01

184

Social Studies: Law Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 11 series, texts, supplements, kits, and professional references for law instruction, including civil and criminal law, the Bill of Rights, and controversial legal issues: arson, gun control, capital punishment, and euthanasia. While all grade levels are covered, the emphasis is on secondary-level materials. (SJL)

Curriculum Review, 1979

1979-01-01

185

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in particular…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

186

Pop Goes the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Law School Admission Council recently reported that applications were heading toward a 30-year low, reflecting, as a "New York Times" article put it, "increased concern over soaring tuition, crushing student debt, and diminishing prospects of lucrative employment upon graduation." Since 2004 the number of law-school applicants has dropped from…

Harper, Steven J.

2013-01-01

187

Law Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal edition focuses upon the many resources for teachers to draw upon in order to infuse law-related education (LRE) into their classrooms. Isidore Starr explains the reasons behind the LRE movement, while Mabel McKinney-Browning describes the existing American Bar Association's programs in LRE. Judith Zimmer covers the Street Law

Maslow, R., Ed.; Kirchgaessner, R., Ed.

1989-01-01

188

Science and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explaines the role of the Carnegie Commission which was formed to explore the relationship between the disciplines of science, technology, and the law. Discusses concerns about the individual right of privacy in projects such as the Human Genome Project. Focuses on the panel on Science, Technology, and Law which was established in 1999. (YDS)

Kennedy, Donald; Merrill, Richard A.

2000-01-01

189

Laws of data refinement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A specification language typically contains sophisticated data types that are expensive or even impossible to implement. Their replacement with simpler or more efficiently implementable types during the programming process is called data refinement. We give a new formal definiton of data refinement and use it to derive some basic laws. The derived laws are constructive in that used in conjunction

Joseph M. Morris

1989-01-01

190

Laws for Young Mountaineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet introduces secondary grade students to the criminal laws of West Virginia. It can easily be adapted and used by educators in other states. The authors believe that young people must recognize and understand these laws and the mechanisms which society uses to implement and enforce them if they are to function as an integral, important,…

Kanawha County Board of Education, Charleston, WV.

191

Lotka's Law Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the literature that has become associated with Lotka's Law of Scientific Productivity (a general theoretical estimate of author productivity in the sciences) and attempts to identify the important factors of Lotka's original methodology that should be considered when attempting to test applicability of Lotka's Law. Forty-seven references…

Potter, William Gray

1981-01-01

192

Physics Flashlets: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simulation illustrates Kepler's Second Law, that orbits sweep out equal areas during equal intervals of time, for any part of the orbit. The user can choose from three buttons between circular or increasingly elliptical orbits to observe that the law holds in all cases.

Fowler, Michael; Welch, Heather

2008-10-05

193

The law and neuroscience.  

PubMed

Some of the implications for law of recent discoveries in neuroscience are considered in a new program established by the MacArthur Foundation. A group of neuroscientists, lawyers, philosophers, and jurists are examining issues in criminal law and, in particular, problems in responsibility and prediction and problems in legal decision making. PMID:18995814

Gazzaniga, Michael S

2008-11-01

194

Ohm's Law 2  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this extension to the Ohm's Law I activity, students observe just how much time it takes to use up the "juice" in a battery, and if it is better to use batteries in series or parallel. This extension is suitable as a teacher demonstration and may be started before students begin work on the Ohm's Law I activity.

K-12 Outreach Office,

195

Nanotechnology and the Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Law and nanotechnology form a vast subject. The aim here will be to examine them from the societal standpoint of nanoethics, if necessary without due reference to the work that has been undertaken. For while law differs from ethics, as we shall attempt to explain throughout this reflection, it must also be studied in its relationship with social realities.

Desmoulin-Canselier, Sonia; Lacour, Stéphanie

196

International resources law  

SciTech Connect

This book covers: Historical origins of civil code legal systems; Modern civil law practice for mineral lawyers; Treaties and agreements for protection of international investments; Europe 1992-toward a single energy market; Dispute resolution in international agreements; Assessment of political risk; Reducing political risk; Protecting mineral investments from upheaval in developing countries; Typical world petroleum arrangements; government take in the Pacific Rim - Papua New Guinea; Mineral base of the USSR and prospects of investment; International taxation for the mining practitioner; Tax considerations - branch versus subsidiary; Doing business in the host country - nontax considerations; Impact of host-country laws on operations and profits; Mineral development and native rights - New Zealand; Designing the investment vehicle: mining; International oil and gas joint ventures; Selected U.S. laws with extraterritorial effect; U.S. tax and securities laws applied to foreign joint venturers; and Extraterritorial effect of U.S. laws.

Not Available

1991-01-01

197

Duke Law & Technology Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Law school students are well known for trying to "do good" whether it be through aiding wrongly accused persons, or by providing legal advice at any number of free clinics. This academic and policy-oriented online publication from the people at Duke University's Law School is another such endeavor, and one that is worth a closer look. The publication's general area of interest is in the intersection of law and technology, and as such it draws on the knowledge base of specialties that include business law and intellectual property. The school's Law & Technology Review consists primarily of short issues briefs that provide insight into a wide range of issues for both the legal community and professionals working in these areas more broadly. Visitors to the site can browse the different briefs through a listing of general thematic areas or merely scroll through the site's homepage.

198

Impact crater scaling laws  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Impact craters are numerous on planetary bodies and furnish important information about the composition and past histories of those bodies. The interpretation of that information requires knowledge about the fundamental aspects of impact cratering mechanics. Since the typical conditions of impacts are at a size scale and velocity far in excess of experimental capabilities, direct simulations are precluded. Therefore, one must rely on extrapolation from experiments of relatively slow impacts of very small bodies, using physically based scaling laws, or must study the actual cases of interest using numerical code solutions of the fundamental physical laws that govern these processes. A progress report is presented on research on impact cratering scaling laws, on numerical studies that were designed to investigate those laws, and on various applications of the scaling laws developed by the author and his colleagues. These applications are briefly reviewed.

Holsapple, K. A.

1987-01-01

199

Florida Law Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Florida Law Collections document the laws and legal heritage of Florida through a wide range of texts digitized from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center, the State Library, and Archives of Florida, and several other key institutions. Specifically, the collection includes issues of the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, the Florida Historical Legal Documents collection, a Florida Water Law collection that is particularly noteworthy, as well as other general texts on Florida laws, the legislative process, and government. Given the debates over water rights and usage throughout the state, the Water Law collection is a real find, and visitors can search over 7300 documents within the collection. From the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches and also look over recently added items. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive their RSS feed and contact the site administrators with any additional queries they might have.

200

Stanford Technology Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, sponsored by the Stanford University Law School, among others, "publishes articles, book reviews, and working papers within the intersection of law, policy, and science/technology." At present one article and three working papers are available. They cover topics such as the Reno v. ACLU decision, who the makers of law in cyberspace should be, how cyberlaw might be different from other law, and changes in evidentiary privileges as a result of the advances in telecommunications. Authors range from litigation counsels at MCI to Eugene Volokh and Lawrence Lessig, University of California-Los Angeles and Harvard University Law professors respectively. The site also contains a virtual symposium on "cloning sheep, cloning people." Note that papers and articles are available in multiple formats.

1997-01-01

201

[Teaching about Law and Literature].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Focus on Law Studies" contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and literature, in the form of the following six articles: "Law and Literature: New Combinations in Teaching" (John Paul Ryan); "Teaching Law and American Literature" (Janet Eldred); "Teaching Law with Sacco, Vanzetti, and the Rosenbergs" (Susan N. Herman); Ann…

Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

1993-01-01

202

GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE LAW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic theory can provide insight into the general structure of the law and the organization of topics in this encyclopedia. After arguing that all of law is contract law, I show how economics can be used to explain the choice between criminal law and tort law, liability rules and property rights, prior regulation and post liability, restitution and torts, and

Donald Wittman

203

Save Money with a Corporate Style Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that corporate style guides create consistency in documents, promote a professional image, train new employees, and define document generation. Describes how to develop a corporate style guide. (SR)

Allen, Paul R.

1995-01-01

204

Beyond Compliance: Integrating Nonproliferation into Corporate Sustainability  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates nonproliferation as a potential corporate sustainability value. It reviews the history of corporate sustainability, builds the case for nonproliferation as a sustainability value, and develops recommendations for the integration of nonproliferation into the frameworks of sustainability.

Hund, Gretchen; Kurzrok, Andrew J.

2013-06-01

205

78 FR 29366 - Green Mountain Power Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...TS04-277-002] Green Mountain Power Corporation...that on May 2, 2013, Green Mountain Power Corporation...intervention to the Federal Energy Regulatory...

2013-05-20

206

43 CFR 3902.25 - Corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) OIL SHALE MANAGEMENT-GENERAL Qualification Requirements § 3902.25 Corporations. Corporate officers or...

2013-10-01

207

25 CFR 214.3 - Corporate information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF OSAGE RESERVATION LANDS, OKLAHOMA, FOR MINING, EXCEPT OIL AND GAS § 214.3 Corporate information. A corporation shall file with its first lease a...

2011-04-01

208

Advertising Strategies: Corporate and Product-Specific.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Presents a discussion of the corporate and product-specific advertising, strategies used in civilian industry. Variables affecting corporations' ad campaigns, e.g., media selection, are discussed. Report summarizes lessons learned form civilian advertisin...

R. F. Koenig

1984-01-01

209

Is Corporate Governance Ineffective in Emerging Markets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The writer tests whether corporate governance is ineffective in emerging markets by estimating the link between CEO turnover and firm performance for over 1,200 firms in eight emerging markets. While previous papers on corporate governance in emerging mar...

M. S. Gibson

1999-01-01

210

Ten Principles of Corporate Real Estate Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Offers a distillation of the central principles of corporate real estate management into ten concise points covering – inter alia – matching business and property strategies, monitoring property performance and integrating the physical, financial and organizational aspects of corporate real estate management.

Ranko Bon

1994-01-01

211

City Schools with Corporate Partners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the District of Columbia's new career programs in its high schools, each in fields with projected job growth and each with corporate sponsors who participated in the program's design and curriculum development. Examines program costs, program development, design, and effectiveness. (CT)

McKenzie, Floretta Dukes

1985-01-01

212

The concept of corporate responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opening with Ford Motor Company as a case in point, this essay develops a broad and systematic approach to the field of business ethics. After an analysis of the form and content of the concept of responsibility, the author introduces the ‘principle of moral projection’ as a device for relating ethics to corporate policy. Pitfalls and objections to this strategy

Kenneth E. Goodpaster

1983-01-01

213

Economic Literacy among Corporate Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of a telephone survey of employees (n=1001) of large corporations (n=7) conducted for the Business Roundtable. Embeds 20 questions keyed to the Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics to measure economic literacy. Finds that economic literacy was associated with education level, courses in economics, high income, and…

Wood, William C.; Doyle, Joanne M.

2002-01-01

214

Economic Literacy Among Corporate Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report on the results of a telephone survey of 1,001 employees of seven large corporations conducted for the Business Roundtable as part of its public policy program. A set of 20 questions keyed to the Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics was embedded in the survey. A measure of economic literacy was constructed from the survey results. Greater

William C. Wood; Joanne M. Doyle

2002-01-01

215

Eclipse of the Public Corporation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The publicly held corporation has outlived its usefulness in manysectors of the economy. New organizations are emerging. Takeovers,leveraged buyouts, and other going-private transactions aremanifestations of this change. A central source of waste in the publiccorporation is the conflict between owners and managers over free cashflow. This conflict helps explain the prominent role of debt in the neworganizations. The new organizations\\

Michael C. Jensen

1989-01-01

216

Specific Extra-Corporeal Absorbents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A number of new absorbent polymers for use in extra-corporeal loops (and also for possible use via ingestion) were prepared and studied. Attention was concentrated upon means for the removal of urea. Negative results were obtained in attempts to employ al...

H. P. Gregor J. S. Stamberg K. R. Brennen F. C. Chlanda C. Gryte

1970-01-01

217

FDIC: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation WWW Home Page is open for business. At this site, there is information on the U.S. banking industry, financial information on the condition of the Bank Insurance Fund and the Savings Association Insurance Fund, consumer information, and press releases.

218

Corporate Lessons Learned (CLL) System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When approved, the completion of the CLL development effort will provide the Corps of Engineers with a corporate level method to capture, review, approve, and reuse lessons learned across a variety of legacy information systems as well as have this capabi...

E. W. East J. G. Kirby

2001-01-01

219

Corporate Justice: Some Preliminary Thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the rapid modern growth of private security as a form of “internal”policing, and the preference of many large organizations for handling problems“internally” which might previously have been dealt with through the publiccriminal justice system, both the content and quality of “ustice” in Westernsocieties is being radically transformed. Corporate justice is beginning to supersedestate justice as the preferred means of

Philip C Stenning; Clifford D Shearing

1984-01-01

220

Agency, Information and Corporate Investment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay surveys the body of research that asks how the efficiency of corporate investment is influenced by problems of asymmetric information and agency. I organize the material around two basic questions. First, does the external capital market channel the right amount of money to each firm? That is, does the market get across-firm allocations right, so that the marginal

Jeremy C. Stein

2001-01-01

221

Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the possible implications of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) for employee expectations and satisfactions. Specifically, interest centered on the question of how perceptions of an organization's involvement in the resolution of current societal problems might relate to members' expectations of equitable job rewards and…

Gavin, James F.; Maynard, William S.

1975-01-01

222

Crime and punishment: corporate governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the financial scandals which occurred in the US some years ago Governments are placing increasing emphasis on good corporate governance and financial reporting. They have shown their resolve through the increasing level of fines imposed upon transgressors. A combination of concerns about survival in markets that are dependent upon efficient supply chains, fail-safe IT and reputations susceptible to damage

Steven Hinde

2004-01-01

223

Corporate Governance and Market Liquidity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we analyze how corporate governance affects the performance of financial markets. We model the interaction between a firm's manager and its shareholders, and highlight the role played by the dividend report. Our analysis permits to identify three channels through which the dividend report affect the liquidation value of the firm and market performance: through the dividend voluntarily

Ariadna Dumitrescu

224

Indexing Corporate Memories through Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of Knowledge Management, we carry out a Corporate Memories (CM) project for the Company CIRTIL1. Our purpose is to focus on the modelling of the application domain. It is built as a domain ontology with a structure supporting a semantic model based on ontological relationships. In this paper we, present our S3 model which permits to model

Djida Bahloul; Youssef Amghar; Pierre Maret

225

Kiechel's history of corporate strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In this paper aims to interview Walter Kiechel III about his book, The Lords of Strategy: The Secret Intellectual History of the New Corporate World, and the lessons it offers for today's managers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In this interview, Strategy & Leadership asked Walter Kiechel III about his book, The Lords of Strategy: The Secret Intellectual History of the

Robert J. Allio; Robert M. Randall

2010-01-01

226

Corporate Social Responsibility: Strategic Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a variety of perspectives on corporate social responsibility (CSR), which we use to develop a framework for consideration of the strategic implications of CSR. Based on this framework, we propose an agenda for additional theoretical and empirical research on CSR. We then review the papers in this special issue and relate them to the proposed agenda. Copyright Blackwell

Abagail McWilliams; Donald S. Siegel; Patrick M. Wright

2006-01-01

227

FindLaw Constitutional Law Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This offering from FindLaw (last discussed in the January 15, 1999 Scout Report) focuses on the US Constitution. The site is composed of two primary sections. The first offers an annotated Constitution, commentary on selected topics with links to key sections of the Constitution or The Federalist Papers, a history of the Constitution, and brief biographies of notable "Founding Fathers" and delegates to the Constitutional Convention. The second section highlights the Third Branch of government, with a history of the Supreme Court, landmark decisions regarding civil rights with the full opinions, a summary and analysis of the criminal law and procedure decisions of the October 1998 Supreme Court Term, and several links for current Supreme Court news and information. Both sections also feature a search engine. Additional resources at the site include a Town Hall section that explores Hot Topics (currently flag burning) and message boards on a wide variety of Constitutional issues.

1994-01-01

228

A Political Account of Corporate Moral Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Should we conceive of corporations as entities to which moral responsibility can be attributed? This contribution presents\\u000a what we will call a political account of corporate moral responsibility. We argue that in modern, liberal democratic societies, there is an underlying\\u000a political need to attribute greater levels of moral responsibility to corporations. Corporate moral responsibility is essential\\u000a to the maintenance of

Wim Dubbink; Jeffery Smith

2011-01-01

229

Ideal Gas Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab manual contains descriptions of a series of laboratories covering the ideal gas laws and ideal gas processes. These experiments are designed for introductory high school and college introductory physics, chemistry, and engineering courses. Each experiment includes the intended audience, learning goals, and a short introduction to the physics. The experiments include Boyleâs Law, work done in an isothermal process, adiabatic processes, thermodynamic cycles, and the heat capacity of a gas. These labs are designed for an adiabatic gas law apparatus developed at Andrews University.

Kutzner, Mickey; Wong, Peter

2011-11-18

230

The path to corporate responsibility.  

PubMed

Nike's tagline,"Just do it," is an inspirational call to action for the millions who wear the company's athletic gear. But in terms of corporate responsibility, Nike didn't always follow its own advice. In the 1990s, protesters railed against sweatshop conditions at some of its overseas suppliers and made Nike the global poster child for corporate ethical fecklessness. The intense pressure that activists exerted on the athletic apparel giant forced it to take a long, hard look at corporate responsibility--sooner than it might have otherwise. In this article, Simon Zadek, CEO of the UK-based institute AccountAbility, describes the bumpy route Nike has traveled to get to a better ethical place, one that cultivates and champions responsible business practices. Organizations learn in unique ways, Zadek contends, but they inevitably pass through five stages of corporate responsibility, from defensive ("It's not our fault") to compliance ("We'll do only what we have to") to managerial ("It's the business") to strategic ("It gives us a competitive edge") and, finally, to civil ("We need to make sure everybody does it"). He details Nike's arduous trek through these stages-from the company's initial defensive stance, when accusations about working conditions arose, all the way to its engagement today in the international debate about business's role in society and in public policy. As he outlines this evolution, Zadek offers valuable insights to executives grappling with the challenge of managing responsible business practices. Beyond just getting their own houses in order, the author argues, companies need to stay abreast of the public's evolving ideas about corporate roles and responsibilities. Organizations that do both will engage in what he calls"civil learning". PMID:15605571

Zadek, Simon

2004-12-01

231

Managing corporate performance : Investigating the relationship between corporate social responsibility and financial performance in emerging markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Corporate social responsibility is important and fundamental to the sustainable operations of corporations. Similarly financial performance is undoubtedly fundamental to the continuing operating of any corporation. This paper aims to investigate the relationship between corporate social responsibility and firm financial performance. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The main part of this paper is based upon an exploration of the relationship between

Güler Aras; Asl? Aybars; Ozlem Kutlu

2010-01-01

232

The LSU Law Center -- Canada Bijuralism Conference. Introduction: Global Law and the Law School Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces papers from a conference focused on the bijural programs of Louisiana State University Law Center and McGill University Faculty of Law. The programs educate all first-degree law students in both the common law and civil law traditions, preparing them for the increasing globalization of legal practice. (EV)

Costonis, John J.

2002-01-01

233

Guidelines for a Corporate Fellowship Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rationale for corporate support of graduate and professional education is based on the idea that educated manpower and knowledge are essential ingredients for corporate success in today's technological society. Corporations can help insure a continuing supply of this manpower through student fellowship programs to benefit graduate and…

Council for Financial Aid to Education, New York, NY.

234

76 FR 10209 - Corporate Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFR Part 704 RIN 3133-AD80 Corporate Credit Unions AGENCY: National...Agreement'' (LUA) before the corporate credit union can commence...operational restrictions, require compliance with NCUA's Rules and Regulations...and adoption of the standard Corporate FCU Bylaws, and contain...

2011-02-24

235

75 FR 60651 - Corporate Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFR Part 704 RIN 3133-AD80 Corporate Credit Unions AGENCY: National...Agreement'' (LUA) before the corporate credit union can commence...operational restrictions, require compliance with NCUA's Rules and Regulations...and adoption of the standard Corporate FCU Bylaws, and contain...

2010-10-01

236

Corporation Accounting, Business Education: 7709.31.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The course aims to help students develop an understanding of the organization of corporations, corporate stock and bond transactions, fiscal reports, income tax returns, and dividends. Students also analyze financial statements and complete a corporation practice set. An outline of course content includes: (1) equipment and supplies, (2)…

Carino, Mariano G.

237

Corporate Governance in Asia: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance has received much attention in recent years, partly due to the Asian financial crisis. We review the literature on corporate governance issues in Asia to develop region-specific and general lessons. Much attention has been given to poor corporate sector performance, but most studies do not suggest that Asian firms were badly run. The literature does confirm the limited

C. A. M. F. Claessens; Joseph P. H. Fan

2003-01-01

238

Semantic Web Services in Corporate Memories  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present our experiment in integrating semantic web services in the existing corporate semantic web server architecture we use to implement corporate memories. We rely on a semantic web search engine, to provide a semantic registry and automatically discover and invoke corporate applications wrapped into semantically annotated web services. Using rules we also demonstrate how to compose the web services

Moussa Lo; Fabien L. Gandon

2007-01-01

239

XML-Based Modeling of Corporate Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analytical knowledge is distributed among domain experts, analysts, and data-storage systems. Extracting such knowledge from databases is of interest to corporations. The traditional top-down development of corporate memory is not appropriate for modern organizations because of the distributed nature of information. This paper proposes models of analytical knowledge and new ways of developing corporate memory by using an extensible markup

Chun-che Huang; Tzu-liang Tseng; Andrew Kusiak

2005-01-01

240

Corporate Governance Practices in Flemish Family Businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance practices in family businesses (FB) remain a research domain with many unsolved questions. Nonetheless, researchers agree that corporate governance practices are important for family-backed companies. Different family ownership structures and different family generations influence the governance structures installed. So far, no research has been conducted on corporate governance characteristics among Flemish family companies. This study explores the relationships

L. A. A; Steven Carchon

2002-01-01

241

Using Corporate Data in Workplace Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporate data fall under the general category of administrative data and provide varied information on the worker and workplace. Studies of worker health, including evaluations of workplace programs, are often based on corporate data. With the exception of health care claims data, which are usually administered by a third party, the corporation

Spicer, Rebecca; Nelkin, Valerie; Miller, Ted; Becker, Les

2004-01-01

242

Corporate Day Camps; What's in a Proposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one camp partners with local corporations to establish corporate day camps. Presents advantages for corporation, families, and camp. Gives detailed explanation of the nine elements of the partnership proposal package: cover letter, table of contents, camp description, addressing regulations, biography of principal supervisors,…

Simms, Nancy; Evans, Curtis

1995-01-01

243

CORPORATE PORTAL - MANAGEMENT EFFORT INTEGRATION FACTOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate portals have a wide variety of application fields which cover different business activities such as production, sales, procurement, personnel, knowledge management, learning, etc. Corporate portal can be classified according to different dimensions, business model or target group, application field, focus, and access point. Corporate portal's can be classified as Business to Business Portals (B2B), Business to Consumer Portals (B2C)

STAVLJANIN Velimir

244

75 FR 75648 - Corporate Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and 741 RIN 3133-AD74 Corporate Credit Unions AGENCY: National...proposed rule amending its corporate credit union rule. 75 FR...only): Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations...Rulemaking for Part 704--Corporate Credit Unions'' in the...

2010-12-06

245

Law Enforcement and the Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on law enforcement relating to library crimes. Discusses jurisdiction, reporting a loss, law enforcement response, law enforcement's expectations, suspects, publicity, the aftermath, and testimony in court. (AEF)

Clark, Edward F.

1998-01-01

246

The matching law  

PubMed Central

The matching law may be viewed either as an empirical generalization, and therby subject to disproof, or as part of a system of equations used to define the utility (“value”) of a reinforcer. In the latter case it is tautologous, and not subject to disproof within the defining context. A failure to obtain matching will most often be a signal that the independent variables have not been properly scaled. If, however, the proper transformations have been made on the independent variables, and matching is not obtained, the experimental paradigm may be outside the purview of the matching law. At that point, reinterpretations or revisions of the law are called for. The theoretical matching law is but one of many possible ways to define utility, and it may eventually be rejected in favor of a more useful definition.

Killeen, Peter

1972-01-01

247

Assistive Technology Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... the Rehabilitation Act requires that all electronic and information technologies developed and used by any Federal government agency ... gov/telecom.html Federal Government Procurement of Accessible Information Technology Public Law 105-220 section 408 [29 USC ...

248

Civil Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study guide is intended to be a convenient reference for use by Navy and Marine Corps personnel on civil law subjects. Those subjects include, inter alia, JAG Manual investigations, enlisted administrative separations, officer personnel matters, rela...

1987-01-01

249

Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation depicts a truck with a ladder on its roof stopping quickly so that the ladder is thrown from the top of the truck. The representation is contained within a slide show explaining Newton's 1st Law of Motion.

250

Model State Idling Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May, 2004, at the National Idle Reduction Planning Conference in Albany, New York, representatives from the trucking industry identified the inconsistent pattern and design of state and local vehicle idle restriction laws as a barrier to greater implem...

2006-01-01

251

The Abortion Law Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This privately posted page offers extensive and highly credible information on legislation and jurisprudence relating to abortion in the US. The site offers thoroughly linked discussions of constitutional law, Roe v. Wade, Planned Parenthood v. Casey, state and federal abortion laws, including partial-birth abortion laws, and much more. The hypertext links are to primary documents including court decisions, texts of legislation, court briefs, and oral argument transcripts. There is also an index to primary documents for ease of access. We found the page to have no political agenda. As the author states, "this page is being constructed to help people, regardless of their political bent, understand the background and state of abortion law in America, and access related legal material--especially that which is less available and less well known."

252

Newton's Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of web pages, part of From Stargazers to Starships, describes Newton's three laws of motion and the two concepts on which they are based, force and inertia. A lesson plan for instructors is also provided.

Stern, David P.

2004-10-09

253

What Is Benford's Law?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The surprising property of many data sets that their first significant digits follow Benford's Law provides examples that can pique and hold students' interest. Several ideas for student activities are presented.

Bradley, Jonathan R.; Farnsworth, David L.

2009-01-01

254

Law Enforcement Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

255

Distracted Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... 3 restrict school bus drivers from texting. Crash Data Collection: Nearly all states include at least one category ... Criteria (MMUCC) guideline provides best practices on distraction data collection. Preemption Laws: Many localities have passed their own ...

256

Politics of corporate social control: the federal response to industrial water pollution  

SciTech Connect

In the annals of criminology and the sociology of law, the phenomenon of corporate illegalities has been seriously neglected. Moreover, the relatively few social scientific studies of illegal corporate behavior have often approached the subject from limited theoretical perspectives. These studies have generally overlooked a critical element in criminological understanding; the role of law and its administration in generating violation rates that may be said to be characteristic of the prevailing social structure. This dissertation develops an integrated theoretical approach to a type of corporate illegality, environmental pollution. In this approach, law is seen as integral to the understanding of crime, and both are situated within the broad socio-economic structure of the United States in the latter half of the 20th century. This research first reviews and analyzes the history of the federal government's efforts to control industrial water pollution, seeking to identify the social structural limits on regulatory activity. Statistical analyses of data on the federal processing of industrial pollution violations are then presented, with a view toward analyzing the correlates of both business behavior and the federal response. The analyses test a proposed model of industrial regulation, and provide important support for the perspective linking law and crime.

Yeager, P.C.

1981-01-01

257

45 CFR 2553.83 - What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation funded projects?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Welfare 4 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation... Non-Corporation Funded Projects § 2553.83 What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for...

2009-10-01

258

45 CFR 2553.83 - What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation funded projects?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation... Non-Corporation Funded Projects § 2553.83 What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for...

2010-10-01

259

Western ground water law  

SciTech Connect

The bulk of western ground-water law is currently imposed at the state and local levels, and is highly variable in its technical provisions. Most ground water law is of recent origin (largely since the end of World War II) and continues to evolve through legislative enactments and judicial decisions. The principal purposes of ground water law are: (1) to regulate the rate of depletion to aquifers whose natural and artificial recharge is insufficient; (2) to regulate the rate of depletion to aquifers which supply or support the flow of surface water to prior vested ownership rights which take from streams, lakes, and springs; (3) to protect aquifers from pollution; and (4) to regulate the extraction or injection of ground water in areas prone to geologic instability. The law which attempts to achieve these objectives is a patchwork of federal constitutional principles and judicial doctrine; federal statutes and subsidiary regulations; state constitutional and statutory provisions developed from judicial interpretation; state common law; local ordinances and regulations. Because of the extent and complexity of this body of law, clear-cut answers to all but the most routine and narrow questions are difficult to ascertain. This is due partly to the fact that such questions arose infrequently prior to the time ground water assumed a major role in supplying the water needs of the west, and partly from earlier incomplete and faulty understandings of ground-water hydrology by the courts.

Not Available

1982-03-01

260

Kepler's Laws, Newton's Laws, and the Search for New Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. One of the high points of elementary calculus is the derivation of Ke- pler's empirically deduced laws of planetary motion from Newton's Law of Gravity and his second law of motion. However, the standard treatment of the subject in calcu- lus books is flawed for at least three reasons that I think are important. First, Newton's Laws are used

Robert Osserman

261

Rediscovering Kepler's laws using Newton's gravitation law and NASA data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kepler's three laws of planetary motion were originally discovered by using data acquired from Tycho Brache's naked eye observations of the planets. We show how Kepler's third law can be reproduced using planetary data from NASA. We will also be using Newton's Gravitational law to explain why Kepler's three laws exist as they do.

Springsteen, Paul; Keith, Jason

2010-03-01

262

Rediscovering Kepler's laws using Newton's gravitation law and NASA data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kepler's three laws of planetary motion were originally discovered by using data acquired from Tycho Brache's naked eye observations of the planets. We show how Kepler's third law can be reproduced using planetary data from NASA. We will also be using Newton's Gravitational law to explain why Kepler's three laws exist as they do.

Paul Springsteen; Jason Keith

2010-01-01

263

Consequences of Lotka's Law for the Law of Bradford.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After discussion of the equivalency of the information laws of Bradford, Leimkuhler, Lotka, and Mandelbrot, aberrations from Leimkuhler's law (including "Groos droop" as encountered in practice) are studied. Other aberrations of Leimkuhler's law are explained, starting from generalization of verbal formulation of Bradford's Law. (18 references)…

Egghe, L.

1985-01-01

264

Liability: the complicated task of licensing law enforcement technologies  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses a situation where a company (licensor) requires a liability policy as a condition of a license agreement, when licensing law enforcement technologies. The purpose of this discussion is to evaluate the reasons behind the need for extensive liability policies to protect licensors when marketing their law enforcement technologies to private industry. Finding a solution to the problem, therefore reducing the potential for high liability insurance costs, would be desirable. Since the risks associated with most technologies are virtually unknown, and because such technologies are used in very unpredictable legal environments, alternative ways of guaranteeing research and development enterprises that they will be covered against product liability are needed. Without such protection, licensors may require licensees to indemnify them beyond the usual guarantees provided in a licensing agreement, which may make the license too costly for smaller businesses. When the share of the market is limited to larger corporations, competition suffers and ultimately the cost to law enforcement agencies increases.

Hops, L.W.; Overlin, T.K.

1996-12-31

265

Company Profile: Intramagnetics General Corporation  

SciTech Connect

Intramagnetics General Corporation was founded in 1971 as a spin-off from the General Electric Company (GE). IGC is a world leader in superconductivity technology and applications. The US Department of Energy called IGC the United States` top commercial source of low-temperature superconducting wire, and also noted the company`s superior performance in high-temperature superconducting wire. This article discusses the products of the company and its present/future plans. Organizational and commercial information is also presented.

NONE

1992-09-01

266

Corporate psychopathy: Talking the walk.  

PubMed

There is a very large literature on the important role of psychopathy in the criminal justice system. We know much less about corporate psychopathy and its implications, in large part because of the difficulty in obtaining the active cooperation of business organizations. This has left us with only a few small-sample studies, anecdotes, and speculation. In this study, we had a unique opportunity to examine psychopathy and its correlates in a sample of 203 corporate professionals selected by their companies to participate in management development programs. The correlates included demographic and status variables, as well as in-house 360 degrees assessments and performance ratings. The prevalence of psychopathic traits-as measured by the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) and a Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL: SV) "equivalent"-was higher than that found in community samples. The results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) indicated that the underlying latent structure of psychopathy in our corporate sample was consistent with that model found in community and offender studies. Psychopathy was positively associated with in-house ratings of charisma/presentation style (creativity, good strategic thinking and communication skills) but negatively associated with ratings of responsibility/performance (being a team player, management skills, and overall accomplishments). PMID:20422644

Babiak, Paul; Neumann, Craig S; Hare, Robert D

2010-01-01

267

An Experiment Testing the Determinants of Non-Compliance with Insider Trading Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent stories of corporate insiders avoiding losses and, in some cases, generating enormous personal profits as their companies crumbled have led investors to question the integrity of American business and the fairness of the United States stock markets. The SEC tries to ensure the fairness of the stock markets by making and enforcing laws against unfair practices such as insider

Joseph D. Beams; Robert M. Brown; Larry N. Killough

2003-01-01

268

Maximizing Student Learning through Enron: The Ultimate B-Law Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Enron scandal has been described as "the corporate scandal of the century." Books have been written about it, its full-length documentary film was nominated for an Academy Award, it appears as an ethical case study in nearly every college business law textbook written since 2002, and for five years running, it has captivated the press and…

Sipe, Stephanie R.

2007-01-01

269

The Economic Espionage Act: is the law all bark and no bite?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multinational corporations lose billions of dollars worth of proprietary information every year due to international industrial espionage. The Unites States' response, the Economic Espionage Act, has failed to curtail the problem. This paper will consider the factors that hinder the effective enforcement of the EEA. These barriers include (a) shortcomings in the design of the law itself; (b) disinterest by

Nathaniel Minott

2011-01-01

270

Who Influences Debates in Business Ethics? An Investigation into the Development of Corporate Governance in the UK since 1990  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the influences behind five major investigations into corporate governance in the UK since 1990: the Cadbury, Greenbury, Hampel and Turnbull Committees, and the Company Law Review. In each case we examine the roles of business, the authorities, public opinion and events in shaping the course of the investigation, its conclusions and its impact. We do this on the

Ian W. Jones; Michael G. Pollitt

2001-01-01

271

Duhaime's Law Dictionary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of a Canadian site created and maintained by a solicitor of British Columbia with the express purpose of "giving the law back to the people," this dictionary offers clear, concise definitions of many legal terms that anyone who finds themselves engaged with issues of civil or criminal justice is likely to need to know. While some of the terms are clearly applicable to the system of justice in which solicitor Duhaime practices, the vast majority are generic to Western law. A link is also offered to Duhaime.org, the parent site, which features a plethora of materials for educating oneself in the law, especially if one is dealing with the Canadian justice system.

272

Biodiversity Laws: State Experiences  

PubMed

/ The Western Governors' Association (WGA) includes both the public lands states with their issues and the plains states, which are 98% privately owned. WGA deals with most legislation affecting biodiversity, whether the effect is direct or tangential. It will probably not be possible, or desirable, for one entity to be in charge of biodiversity conservation. The Endangered Species Act, public lands laws, agricultural laws, water law, environmental laws, and funding legislation all affect biodiversity conservation and the responsibility for it. None of them on their own are enough, and most can cause harmful unintended consequences for biodiversity. The experience of western states in developing consensus principles for reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act provides an example of common-sense ways to improve management of biodiversity, notwithstanding the complexity and large stakes involved. The WGA's proposed changes call for increasing the role of states, streamlining the act, and increasing certainty for landowners and water users.To achieve sustainable conservation for biodiversity, the better question is not "Who is/should be in charge?", it is "How do we get this done?" To answer this, we need goals, guidance, and bottom lines from federal laws, and management and oversight at the state level, but they all need to support local on-the-ground partnerships. Sustainable conservation requires the active participation of those who live there. WGA's experience in coordinating the Great Plains Partnership as well as its work with watershed efforts shed light on what to expect. Multilevel partnerships are not easy and require a different way of doing business. The ad hoc, site-specific processes that result do not lend themselves to being legislated, fit into organizational boxes, or scored on a budget sheet. They do require common sense and a long-term perspective.KEY WORDS: Biodiversity; Partnerships; Environmental laws; Endangered Species Act; Conservation; Local empowerment PMID:8895414

CLARK

1996-11-01

273

The trespasses of property law.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to identify a limit to the appropriate application of property law to the use and storage of bodily material. I argue here that property law ought to be limited to protecting 'contingent rights' and that recent cases where property rights have been recognised in semen represent the application of property law beyond this limit. I also suggest how the law ought to develop in order to avoid the overextensive use of property law. PMID:23842078

Wall, Jesse

2014-01-01

274

International Water Law Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As clean water has increasingly become a resource subject to scarcity, international politics and law have become involved with the issues of access to and maintenance of water sources. This site provides comprehensive information on the subject, featuring full texts of the major diplomatic documents, including rules on international groundwaters and rivers agreed upon at UN conferences in Helsinki and Seoul, treaty drafts, regional agreements as well as international case law, an extensive bibliography, and links to related sites. The site was conceived and developed by Gabriel Eckstein in conjunction with The World's Water project of the Pacific Institute.

Eckstein, Gabriel.

275

Kepler's Second Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to Kepler's second law; that planets (and satellites) move fastest at their closest approach to the center of attraction and slow down when far away. This is made evident by calculating the ratio of greatest and smallest orbital velocities and by invoking the concept of energy. Students should acquire an intuitive understanding for the way orbital velocities vary along each orbit according to Kepler's second law. They will review the concepts of potential energy and kinetic energy and understand that orbital motion also conserves energy, in a somewhat similar way, although the formulas look different. Students will also be introduced to the procedure for calculating orbital motion.

Stern, David

276

New guidelines would dictate corporate fines  

SciTech Connect

New draft guidelines for penalizing organizations and companies convicted of civil environmental crimes could substantially raise fines and require companies to put in place new mechanisms for monitoring and reporting violations. The guidelines were worked out by the US Sentencing Commission's Advisory Working Group on Environmental Offenses. There are several ways in which the draft environmental guidelines differ from the existing general sentencing guidelines. One important difference involves consideration of mitigating factors in determining the amount of a fine. Mitigating factors include such things as a strong record of environmental compliance by a company or whether that company cooperated with the Environmental Protection Agency in correcting the violation. Under the current guidelines, an organization can get a maximum fine reduced up to 95% if enough positive mitigating factors are present. That means a maximum $1 million fine can, under the best of circumstances, be reduced to $50,000. Under the draft guidelines, that $1 million fine could be cut no more than 50% to $500,000. A second major difference concerns corporate environmental compliance programs. The current guidelines contain recommendations on what should be in such plans. The proposed guidelines, on the other hand, seem to require such programs to contain certain elements if a company is to receive credit for trying to comply with the law. These elements include having policies that require employees to report any suspected environmental violations, having line managers routinely review environmental monitoring and auditing reports, and setting up a hotline by which employees can report violations anonymously and without fear of reprisal.

Hanson, D.

1994-02-07

277

Education Law. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second edition of this reference guide provides a survey of some of the major legal problems that confront policymakers and school administrators. It contains landmark cases and other cases that best illustrate major principles of education law, along with summaries, discussions, and analyses of the cases. Edited cases are integrated into…

Imber, Michael; van Geel, Tyll

278

The Laws List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is a dictionary of physics and astronomy. Users can look up laws, rules, terms and constants related to physics in pages listed by letter. The site is not a complete reference, but it is a useful resource for introductory physics.

Francis, Erik

2004-11-28

279

State Infertility Insurance Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... their teachings and beliefs. (Illinois Compiled Statutes Annotated, Chapter 215, Sections 5/356m and 125/5-3). ... or cryopreservation of eggs. (Annotated Laws of Massachusetts, Chapters 175,§ 47H; 176A,§8K;176B,§4J; and l76G,§ ...

280

Strike Laws, Not Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, a coalition of child advocacy groups, the Canadian Foundation for Children, Youth, and the Law, challenged Section 43 of Canada's criminal code, which permits "reasonable force" in disciplining children. The heavily debated issue turns on judges' varied interpretations. A court decision is expected by year's end. (MLH)

Robertson, Heather-Jane

2000-01-01

281

School Law Update, 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of contemporary legal issues, involving all levels of public and private education, are addressed in the 20 papers in this volume. Written in law review style and including legal citations, the papers and authors included are: (1) "Who Runs the Schools" (Flygare); (2) "Copyright Issues in Computer-Assisted Instruction" (Helm); (3)…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.

282

Environmental Law II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are papers delivered at a 1976 Colorado environmental law conference. Included in the publication are the conference schedule, the text of nine papers, background information on authors, and bibliography listings for each paper. Titles and topics of the papers are the following: (1) Water Resources Development and the Environment…

Continuing Legal Education in Colorado, Inc., Denver.

283

Metrics for Law Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to meet the job-related metric measurement needs of students interested in law enforcement, this instructional package is one of two for the public service occupations cluster, part of a set of 55 packages for metric instruction in different occupations. The package is intended for students who already know the occupational terminology,…

Cooper, Gloria S., Ed.; Magisos, Joel H., Ed.

284

Law in Outer Space.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the current practice and fascinating future of legal issues involved in outer space exploration and colonization. Current space law, by necessity, addresses broad principles rather than specific incidents. Nonetheless, it covers a variety of issues including commercial development, rescue agreements, object registration,…

Schmidt, William G.

1997-01-01

285

Relativistic Kepler's third law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors give a post-Newtonian generalization of Kepler's third law that includes spin and quadrupole moment effects, parameterized post-Newtonian parameters gamma and beta, and the Nordtvedt effect. The time from periastron to apastron is also found, and it turns out, in general, not to be equal to half the period. The results are given in a very general coordinate system

B. M. Barker; G. G. Byrd; R. F. Oconnell

1986-01-01

286

Knowledge and social laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we combine existing work in the area of social laws with a framework for reasoning about knowledge in multi-agent systems. The unifying framework in which this is done is based on Alternating-time Temporal Logic (ATL), to which semantics we add epistemic accessibility relations (to deal with the knowledge), actions (in order to naturally talk about allowed and

Wiebe van der Hoek; Mark Roberts; Michael Wooldridge

2005-01-01

287

Law as Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how teachers can increase students' general appreciation of literature and improve students' writing skills by studying literature with legal issues and images of the law. Cites several examples of such literature, including Geoffrey Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales," William Shakespeare's "Measure for Measure," and Jonathan Swift's "Gulliver's…

Blythe, Joan Heiges

1989-01-01

288

National Indian Law Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Indian Law Library (NILL) has worked for over three decades to bring together key resources for Native Americans and their advocates in the field of legal scholarship and service. Today it remains the only entity that offers a comprehensive vision of past and present tribal governmental documents from across the United States. The NILL is based in Boulder, Colorado and its website provides selected documents, information on ongoing activities and the very useful Indian Law News Bulletins. These bulletins are published almost every week and offer succinct and timely information about new developments in Indian Law. Visitors can search through the archives of these bulletins back to 1998, or look through the bulletins for links to germane legal briefs. This same area contains links to digests that cover activities in state courts, federal trial courts, and law review journal articles. Users shouldn't miss the Research By Topic area, which contains links that deal with 20 different themes, including tribal education, health & human services, sacred sites, prisoners' issues, and child welfare.

289

Chemistry and the law.  

PubMed

The Chemistry and the Law Division of the American Chemical Society met in San Diego in March 2012. The divisional meeting was attended by patent attorneys, patent analysts and scientists who are all united by the business need to effectively deal with patent prosecution, patent research, litigation and licensing. This report highlights some of the presentations from the divisional sessions. PMID:24236835

Grant, James L

2012-07-01

290

Stoke's Law Problem Set  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a problem set that involves the calculation of velocities from a Reynolds number, determination of Stoke's Law applicability, and calculation of settling velocities for a variety of grain sizes and materials. This can be used in conjunction with a lab but is itself just a problem set.

Headley, Rachel

291

Boyle's Law Experiment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that ideal experiments fit into course time constraints and be meaningful, relevant to course content, safe, inexpensive, simple, reproducible, and easy to set up/maintain. Describes a Boyle's Law experiment that uses a minimum of equipment and meets the foregoing criteria. Apparatus used, procedures, and safety precautions are…

Hermens, Richard A.

1983-01-01

292

A Boyle's Law Demonstrator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The usual apparatus for demonstrating Boyle's law produces reasonably accurate results, but is not impressive as a demonstration because students cannot easily appreciate the change in pressure. An apparatus designed to produce a more effective demonstration is described. Procedures employed are also described. (JN)

Sathe, Dileep V.

1984-01-01

293

German law: the differences.  

PubMed

Medical device regulations in Germany are changing. The first amendment of the Medical Device Law, the MPG, is in preparation. Four decrees on medical devices are also being discussed by the Bundesrat, the Federal Council. This article summarizes what manufacturers, distributors and users should know about the German device regulations. PMID:10174630

Müller-Lierheim, W G

1997-11-01

294

On the psychophysical law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general psychophysical law is that equal stimulus ratios produce equal subjective ratios. A first-order approximation is a power function whose exponent varies from 0.3 (loudness) to 2.0 (visual flash rate). This holds for Class I (prothetic) or quantitative continua, distinguishable by 4 criteria: \\

S. S. Stevens

1957-01-01

295

Newton's Laws Demonstrations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this collection of demonstrations, learners explore Newton's Laws of Motion. These seventeen quick activities investigate air resistance, acceleration, terminal velocity, inertia, action-reaction, and other key concepts related to forces and motion. These demonstrations can be coupled together or conducted individually.

Rathjen, Don

2007-01-01

296

International Economic Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

As conflict and cooperation among states turn to an ever greater extent on economic issues, this fully updated and expanded second edition presents a comprehensive exploration of the legal foundations of the international economy. It not only examines the current status of the law, but also explores the origins, political tensions and development of outcomes that are often difficult to

Andreas F. Lowenfeld

297

Athletics and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book answers questions concerning athletics and the law. The chapters include trends in litigation, disruptive behavior, the changing attitude of the court toward married athletes, training rules, and good conduct codes. They include the problem of athletic travel, the changing role of state athletic associations with their diverse rules,…

Appenzeller, Herb

298

THE INVERSE CARE LAW  

Microsoft Academic Search

care tends to vary inversely with the need for it in the population served. This inverse care law operates more completely where medical care is most exposed to market forces, and less so where such exposure is reduced. The market distribution of medical care is a primitive and historically outdated social form, and any return to it would further exag-

JULIAN TUDOR HART

299

Team Teaching School Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate students preparing themselves for a career in school administration are typically apprehensive about the legal issues they will face in their first administrative position. After teaching school law for the first time, the author believed that there had to be a more effective way to reach these students rather than the traditional methods…

Vanko, John G.; Rogina, Raymond P.

2005-01-01

300

Physical Laws for Mechanobiology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Higher-level physical laws applicable to biological tissues are presented that will permit the modeling of metabolic activity at the cellular level, including variations in the mass of a tissue. Here the tissue is represented as a fluid/solid mixture, whe...

A. D. Freed

2007-01-01

301

Preventive Law Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide presents a context for preservice education and/or professional development in education law for teachers. Section 1, "Teacher Liability," discusses "Duty to Supervise,""Providing Reasonable Care,""Duty,""Preventing Student-to-Student Sexual Harassment,""Reporting Child Abuse,""Issuing Permission Slips,""Defense for…

Henderson, Martha V.; Gullatt, David E.; Hardin, Dawn T.; Jannik, Catherine; Tollett, John R.

302

AID and the law  

PubMed Central

The present state of the law is unsatisfactory. The exact effect on the marriage of the parties has not been decided although in English law if artificial insemination by donor (AID) takes place without consent that would appear to be a ground for divorce since 1969. The law regards a child born as a result of AID as illegitimate and draws no distinction between the case where the husband consents and where he does not. Theoretically, an offence is committed if the birth entry is falsified, presumably in cases where the husband consents. The AID child, like any other illegitimate child, has rights against the natural parents, but he is in a worse position than most illegitimate children, in that he may not have any information about his father. It is now possible to freeze sperm and so preserve it over longer periods. All the problems associated with AID are present also when sperm is preserved in banks, but if the law is in an unsatisfactory state in relation to AID this is even more true in relation to sperm banks. The main criticism of the Feversham Report (1960) could be that it recommended, broadly speaking, the `status quo' but scientific progress has now overtaken and left the Feversham findings well behind. What, therefore, is required is a full consideration of the subject of AID and, on the basis of that, some statutory code regulating all its aspects.

Cusine, D J

1975-01-01

303

Law, endowments, and finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of 70 former colonies, this paper assesses two theories regarding the historical determinants of financial development. The law and finance theory holds that legal traditions, brought by colonizers, differ in terms of protecting the rights of private investors vis-à-vis the state, with important implications for financial markets. The endowment theory argues that the disease environment encountered by

Thorsten Beck; Asli Demirgüç-Kunt; Ross Levine

2003-01-01

304

Law, Endowment, and Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper assesses two theories regarding the historical determinants of international differences in financial development. The law and finance theory holds that legal traditions differ in terms of the priority they attach to protecting the rights of private investors vis-a-vis the State and this has important implications for financial development. The endowment theory argues that the disease and geographical environment

Thorsten Beck; Asli Demirguc-Kunt; Ross Levine

2002-01-01

305

Yugoslav Enterprises Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Text is presented in English of Yugoslav federal enterprises law, originally published in Sluzbeni list at no. 77/78, 40/89, 46/90. Provisions cover social ownership, cooperative ownership, mixed ownership, and private ownership. Includes founding and man...

1990-01-01

306

The end of corporate imperialism.  

PubMed

As they search for growth, multinational corporations will have no choice but to compete in the big emerging markets of China, India, Indonesia, and Brazil. But while it is still common to question how such corporations will change life in those markets, Western executives would be smart to turn the question around and ask how multinationals themselves will be transformed by these markets. To be successful, MNCs will have to rethink every element of their business models, the authors assert in this seminal HBR article from 1998. During the first wave of market entry in the 1980s, multinationals operated with what might be termed an imperialist mind-set, assuming that the emerging markets would merely be new markets for their old products. But this mind-set limited their success: What is truly big and emerging in countries like China and India is a new consumer base comprising hundreds of millions of people. To tap into this huge opportunity, MNCs need to ask themselves five basic questions: Who is in the emerging middle class in these countries? How do the distribution networks operate? What mix of local and global leadership do you need to foster business opportunities? Should you adopt a consistent strategy for all of your business units within one country? Should you take on local partners? The transformation that multinational corporations must undergo is not cosmetic--simply developing greater sensitivity to local cultures will not do the trick, the authors say. To compete in the big emerging markets, multinationals must reconfigure their resources, rethink their cost structures, redesign their product development processes, and challenge their assumptions about who their top-level managers should be. PMID:12884671

Prahalad, C K; Lieberthal, Kenneth

2003-08-01

307

Corporate imagination and expeditionary marketing.  

PubMed

In the 1980s, competitive success came mostly from achieving cost and quality advantages over rivals in existing markets. In the 1990s, it will come from building and dominating fundamentally new markets. Core competencies are one prerequisite for creating new markets. Corporate imagination and expeditionary marketing are the keys that unlock them. McKinsey Award winners Gary Hamel and C.K. Prahalad argue that corporate imagination quickens when companies escape the tyranny of their served markets. (Motorola, for example, sees itself as a leader in wireless communications, not just as a maker of beepers and mobile phones). Think about needs and functionalities instead of marketing's more conventional customer-product grid. Overturn traditional price/performance assumptions. (Fidelity Investments unlocked a vast new market by packaging sophisticated investment vehicles for middle-income investors.) And lead customers rather than simply follow them. Creating new markets is a risky business, however--a lot like shooting arrows into the mist. Imaginative companies minimize the risk not by being fast followers but through the process the authors call expeditionary marketing: low-cost, fast-paced market incursions designed to bring the target quickly into view. Toshiba introduced laptop computers to the market at such a blistering pace that it could explore every conceivable niche--and afford an occasional failure without compromising its credibility with customers. To stimulate corporate imagination, top management needs to redefine failure and develop new time- and risk-adjusted yardsticks for managerial performance. Managers must be encouraged to stretch their company's opportunity horizon well beyond the boundaries of its current businesses. PMID:10112922

Hamel, G; Prahalad, C K

1991-01-01

308

Leveraging Organizational Knowledge Management through Corporate Portal  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This pilot study examines the role of corporate portal on leveraging organizational knowledge management (acquisition, conversion,\\u000a application and protection). It also explores the business processes benefits (such as efficiency, effectiveness and innovation)\\u000a and employees benefits (such as learning, adaptability and satisfaction) that result from supporting organizational KM through\\u000a corporate portal. The preliminary analysis of instructors’ utilization of corporate portal in

Kamla Ali Al-Busaidi

309

SPEC: Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) is a highly recognized organization in the computer industry for its development of standardized benchmarks used to measure and compare different computer systems. Researchers and developers can download many of these benchmarks for free from the SPEC Web site, or read about new benchmarks that are soon to be released. A very large database of results is also available to the public, showing how both home and high performance scientific computer systems perform for various benchmarks. For the average user, a glossary of terms is provided.

310

78 FR 52982 - Experian, Experian US Headquarters: Corporate Departments (Finance, HRMD, Contracts, Corporate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Network Services, Compliance and Distributed Applications...Network Services, Compliance and Distributed Applications...Information Services, Corporate Marketing, Credit...Network Services, Compliance and Distributed Applications...Information Services, Corporate Marketing,...

2013-08-27

311

75 FR 70688 - Actel Corporation, Currently Known as Microsemi Corporation, Including On-Site Leased Workers...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...follows: All workers of Actel Corporation, currently known as Microsemi Corporation, including on-site leased workers from ATE International, Accountants, Inc., and Accountant Temps, Mountain View, California, who became totally or partially...

2010-11-18

312

The Influence of Corporate Psychopaths on Corporate Social Responsibility and Organizational Commitment to Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated whether employee perceptions of corporate social responsibility (CSR) were associated with the presence\\u000a of Corporate Psychopaths in corporations. The article states that, as psychopaths are 1% of the population, it is logical\\u000a to assume that every large corporation has psychopaths working within it. To differentiate these people from the common perception\\u000a of psychopaths as being criminals, they

Clive R. Boddy; Richard K. Ladyshewsky; Peter Galvin

2010-01-01

313

Corporate ownership and control structures: An international comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the economic fundamentals of the corporate firm with publicly held shares and the salient characteristics of varying corporate systems, focusing on international differences in ownership and control structures, including alternative disciplinary mechanisms. Those international differences seem to influence economic behavior and corporate performance, including the way in which corporate restructurings take place. Market-oriented corporate systems and network-oriented

Pieter W. Moerland

1995-01-01

314

Internal corporate governance mechanisms and corporate performance: evidence for UK firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relationship between internal corporate governance mechanisms and corporate performance for a large sample of UK firms. The aim is to extend the existing literature on firm performance by empirically investigating the role of debt-maturity structure of firms and managerial compensation in affecting corporate performance. Also, the study attempts to provide new insights on the subject by

Chrisostomos Florackis

2005-01-01

315

Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility: Corporate Philanthropic Disaster Response after the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has grown rapidly during the past 50 years both in academia and industry. Corporate social responsibilities initiatives are composed of economic, legal, ethical, and philanthropic responsibilities, such as producing quality products, treating employees fairly, and involving in local community. Corporate philanthropic disaster response is a common form of CSR practice and its communication to the public

Dongran Sun

2010-01-01

316

Gender Representation in Corporate Annual Reports and Perceptions of Corporate Climate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines gender bias in Fortune 500 corporations' annual reports (reflected by more photographs of men than of women) and its effects on readers' perceptions of corporate climate. Concludes that the overrepresentation of males in the reports bears little relationship to perceptions of the corporation. (MM)

Kuiper, Shirley

1988-01-01

317

A set of limited Asian pacific corporate governance standards after financial crisis, corporate scandals and manipulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to now there are some researches done in the field of giving a framework of implementation of corporate governance standards after corporate scandals, negative market manipulation during the post-crisis periods. This paper mainly concentrates on empirical research for findings in this field. First, it comes up with four (4) groups of findings on corporate governance subjects in the post-crisis

Tran Ngoc Huy Dinh

2010-01-01

318

WHY WOULD CORPORATIONS BEHAVE IN SOCIALLY RESPONSIBLE WAYS? AN INSTITUTIONAL THEORY OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

I offer an institutional theory of corporate social responsibility consisting of a series of propositions specifying the conditions under which corporations are likely to behave in socially responsible ways. I argue that the relationship between basic economic conditions and corporate behavior is mediated by several institutional conditions: public and private regulation, the presence of nongovernmental and other independent organizations that

JOHN L. CAMPBELL

319

Corporate Strategy an Evolutionary Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As Richard Rumelt indicates in his book, "Fundamental Issues in Strategy: A Research Agenda", corporate strategy is a relatively recent discipline. While pioneers in the field like B.H. Liddell Hart and Bruce Henderson (later to found the Boston Consulting Group and creator of the famous BCG Growth-Share Matrix) began their research during the Second World War, the modern field of business strategy as an academic discipline, taught in schools and colleges of business emerged rather later. Rumelt provides an interesting chronicle in the introduction to his volume by noting that historically corporate strategy, even when taught as a capstone course, was not really an organized discipline. Typically, depending on the school's location and resources, the course would either be taught by the senior most professor in the department or by an outside lecturer from industry. The agenda tended to be very much instructor specific and idiosyncratic rather than drawing in any systematized fashion upon the subject matter of an organized discipline.

Fellman, Philip V.

320

Biotech Law Web Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Biotech Law home page offers legal and scientific information of interest to researchers in biotechnology/pharmaceutical science. At this time, the site provides basic articles on methods of record keeping for inventors, an explanation of the U.S. legal standard for inventorship and an overview of patent application preparation. The Biotech law home page also includes more advanced articles on intellectual property licensing, parallel importing of patented products, and the effects of electronic publication on U.S. Patent rights. In addition to a "heads up" guide to recently-issued U.S. biotech patents, the home page provides links to additional sources of information on intellectual property protection, as well as links to selected scientific resources on Internet.

Foley & Lardner.

1996-01-01

321

Jurist: Books on Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, a recent addition to Professor Bernard Hibbitts' Jurist site (discussed in the April 11, 1997 Scout Report), is a monthly publication edited by Ronald Collins and David Skover of the Seattle University School of Law. Highlight of the site, of course, is the review section, with five to ten reviewed new books (excluding casebooks and textbooks) per issue. There are also notices of new books in 37 subject categories, one review of an old book, and a list of law publishers. The May 1998 issue is a special issue on Closed Chambers: The First Eyewitness Account of the Epic Struggles Inside the Supreme Court, by Edward Lazarus. It includes a RealPlayer interview with the author (transcript available), in addition to six commentaries.

1998-01-01

322

Harvard Law School Forum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1946 by 30 law students returned from the war, the Harvard Law School Forum has remained a nonprofit, student-run organization that sponsors a variety of speakers and panel discussions featuring political, literary, and cultural luminaries from around the world. Over the years, many of these discussions have been broadcast on the radio or otherwise recorded and are now available online in their entirety. Past programs currently offered in RealPlayer format include, to name just a few, Henry Kissinger, Timothy Leary, Jimmy Hoffa, Martin Luther King, Betty Friedan, Shimon Peres, Carl Sagan, F. Lee Bailey, Mario Cuomo, Ralph Nader, Helen Thomas, Charlton Heston, and Vince McMahon. The site also features a guide to past programs (sorted by decade and some with photos or associated press clippings), a photo gallery, and information on upcoming speakers. The site is an ongoing project, and additional recordings and other materials will be added as they are prepared or become available.

323

Polish Law Governing the Press.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Uniform text of Law governing the Press of 1/1984 as amended in 1988, 1989, and 1990. The law contains provisions pertaining to rights and responsibilities of journalists; the press council; organization of press activities; rectifications and responses; ...

1992-01-01

324

Minimal Complexity Control Law Synthesis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A paradigm for control law design for modern engineering systems is proposed: Minimize control law complexity subject to the achievement of a specified accuracy in the face of a specified level of uncertainty. Correspondingly, the overall goal is to make ...

D. S. Bernstein W. M. Haddad C. N. Nett

1989-01-01

325

A Guide to Scots Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From contemporary legislation passed in London or Brussels to Roman Law to Udal (old Norse) Law, Scottish Law has many influences and inheritances. This site, created by Evi C. Athanasekou of the University of Glasgow Department of Computer Science, attempts to present "basic knowledge about the Scottish legal system that ranges from what the sources of Scots Law are to practical solutions to common everyday legal problems." At the site, users can explore the history and sources of Scots Law and learn about the current legal system structure in Scotland (which remains distinct from the English one). The Scots Law Queries section provides answers to everyday legal questions in Scotland. Additional features include a Scottish legal yellow pages section, legal terms of Scots Law, Latin words, phrases and maxims in Scots Law, and related links.

Athanasekou, Evi C.

1997-01-01

326

Henry's Law and Noisy Knuckles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Henry's Law which describes the relationship between the pressure of gas and the concentration of that gas in a solution. Presents an application of Henry's Law to the cracking of knuckles. (CCM)

Kimbrough, Doris R.

1999-01-01

327

Inverse Square Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this math activity related to light, learners explore why a light, such as a candle or a streetlight, looks dimmer the farther away from it we get. The answer lies in the Inverse Square Law, which learners demonstrate using graph paper or perfboard. (Two methods are given for this activity.) Learners will discover that the intensity of light is described by the power distributed over an area.

Exploratorium, The

2012-07-11

328

Biot-Savart Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson begins with a demonstration prompting students to consider how current generates a magnetic field and the direction of the field that is generated. Through formal lecture, students learn Biot-Savart's law in order to calculate, most simply, the magnetic field produced in the center of a circular current carrying loop. For applications, students find it is necessary to integrate the field produced over all small segments in an actual current carrying wire.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

329

Law Library of Congress  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Law Library of Congress is to provide research and legal information to the U.S. Congress as well as to U.S. Federal Courts and Executive Agencies, and to offer reference services to the public. Truth be told, this is a pretty tall order, and they fulfill this objective quite admirably, and in no small part due to this fairly comprehensive and well-designed site.

330

Hyperphysics -- Coulomb's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page, authored by Rod Nave of Georgia State University, provides a concise, yet thorough explanation of Coulomb's Law and how it it is used to determine the electric force between charges. A Javascript calculator is available to compute forces between charges. Links are available for users to access related items or delve more deeply into electromagnetic forces. This item is part of a large hyper-linked resource that covers most of physics, with extensive use of concept maps.

Nave, Rod

2009-12-10

331

Corporate social responsibility and the future health care manager.  

PubMed

The decisions and actions of health care managers are oftentimes heavily scrutinized by the public. Given the current economic climate, managers may feel intense pressure to produce higher results with fewer resources. This could inadvertently test their moral fortitude and their social consciousness. A study was conducted to determine what corporate social responsibility orientation and viewpoint future health care managers may hold. The results of the study indicate that future health care managers may hold patient care in high regard as opposed to profit maximization. However, the results of the study also show that future managers within the industry may continue to need rules, laws, regulations, and legal sanctions to guide their actions and behavior. PMID:21045586

Collins, Sandra K

2010-01-01

332

First Law Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The First Law model displays the dynamics of a ball subject to no net force. The initial conditions for the ball are an initial velocity in the x and y directions. The initial position of the ball can be changed by dragging it when the simulation is paused. You can modify this simulation if you have Ejs installed by right-clicking within the plot and selecting âOpen Ejs Modelâ from the pop-up menu item. Ejs First Law model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_newton_FirstLaw.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Ejs is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models. Additional Ejs models for Newtonian mechanics are available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Ejs.

Christian, Wolfgang

2008-06-03

333

Encyclopedia of Law and Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Conceived by the University of Ghent, Belgium, the Encyclopedia of Law and Economics Website is a broad-based collection of resources pertaining to economic and legal issues throughout the world. Showcasing a comprehensive index of searchable bibliographic resources, this site also includes abstracts of recent law and economics reviews. The hefty Law and Economics Web Resources section features working papers, bibliographies, and mailing lists. In addition, the site links to law and economics academic programs, associations, and an array of relevant Websites.

2005-12-15

334

When Corporate Restructuring Meets Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite ambiguous results of corporate restructuring efforts, higher education has adopted many of the methods used in hostile corporate takeovers and leveraged buyouts, affecting "ownership" of the educational process by faculty and the relationship between faculty and administration. A common element in successful restructuring is the…

Horn, Robert N.; Jerome, Robert T.

1996-01-01

335

A Methodology for Distributing the Corporate Database.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trend to distributed processing is being fueled by numerous forces, including advances in technology, corporate downsizing, increasing user sophistication, and acquisitions and mergers. Increasingly, the trend in corporate information systems (IS) departments is toward sharing resources over a network of multiple types of processors, operating…

McFadden, Fred R.

336

Corporate-sponsored foundations and earnings management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the strategic use of corporate philanthropy programs to achieve financial reporting objectives. Corporate-sponsored foundations allow managers to maintain stable levels of giving to charitable causes while providing substantial discretion as to the amount of contribution expense recorded on the income statement in any given period. I find that firms reporting small earnings increases make income-increasing discretionary foundation

Christine M. Petrovits

2006-01-01

337

Managing user performance for a corporate network  

Microsoft Academic Search

A corporate network allows an enterprise to gain competitive advantages in an era of exploding needs for geographically dispersed information processing. A corporate network is made up of LANs linked by WANs. This paper provides a framework for its performance management. The framework, in the form of a life cycle, is broken down into demand forecasting, internetworking, data distribution, local

Heeseok Lee; Jongwon Lee; Sufi M. Nazem; Yong Shi; Justin Stolene

1999-01-01

338

Do corporations award CEO stock options effectively?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes stock option awards to CEOs of 792 U.S. public corporations between 1984 and 1991. Using a Black-Scholes approach, I test whether stock options' performance incentives have significant associations with explanatory variables related to agency cost reduction. Further tests examine whether the mix of compensation between stock options and cash pay can be explained by corporate liquidity, tax

David Yermack

1995-01-01

339

Why Corporations Need To Do More.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reasons why corporations should support colleges and universities are suggested by the head of both the General Foods Corporation and the Council for Financial Aid to Education (CFAE). Higher education faces three crucial problems: the decrease in federal funding, especially student financial aid; decreasing enrollments; and probable decreasing…

Ferguson, James L.

340

Alternative disciplinary mechanisms in different corporate systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate systems across the industrialized world differ markedly with respect to their historical origins, their methods of capital mobilization, and their structures of ownership and control. Those institutional differences seem to have an influence on economic behaviour, including the manner in which corporate restructurings take place. Whereas in the Anglo-Saxon world hostile takeovers are commonplace, they are virtually unknown in

Pieter W. Moerland

1995-01-01

341

The Changing Shape of Corporate Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About seven years ago, technological innovation gave rise to the e-learning industry and the growth of corporate universities. Early in the evolution of the industry, corporate universities represented a reasonable deployment of learning technologies. They enabled companies to deliver the right content to target markets (e.g., employees, partners,…

Baucus, David; Baucus, Melissa

2005-01-01

342

Explaining the Rate Spread on Corporate Bonds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to explain the spread between rates on corporate and government bonds. We show that expected default accounts for a surprisingly small fraction of the premium in corporate rates over treasuries. While state taxes explain a substantial portion of the difference, the remaining portion of the spread is closely related to the factors that we

Edwin J. Elton; Martin J. Gruber; Deepak Agrawal; Christopher Mann

2001-01-01

343

Capital's Daisy Chain: Exposing Chicago's Corporate Coalition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the global city of Chicago as an urban exemplar of a thirty-year worldwide economic shift toward public (state) private (corporate) partnerships. Advanced by racialized youth-development discourses in Chicago, private corporations, public education, and social housing are in alliance to transform "the problems of urban America."…

Arrastia, Lisa

2007-01-01

344

Corporate Learning: A Knowledge Management Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the relationship between learning and knowledge management in corporate training which forms the framework for the development of an effective learning management system (LMS). Highlights include a theoretical analysis; examples of how training issues are connected to other processes; corporate universities; and the functionalities that…

Crocetti, Clara

2001-01-01

345

E-Learning in the Corporate University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To explore the development of e-learning within the context of corporate universities with the aim of informing the debate on e-learning and establishing key areas of concern for emerging corporate universities. Design/methodology/approach: Three case reviews of large leading edge organizations in different sectors. Findings: Whilst…

Homan, Gill; Macpherson, Allan

2005-01-01

346

Debt Financing, Investment and Corporate Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

By building simultaneous equations and using 333 Chinese manufacturing listed companies in the panel data from 2001 to 2007, the paper examines the relationship among debt financing, investment and corporate performance. The empirical results indicate that there exists a nonlinear inverse U shape relationship between capital structure and corporate performance, there also exists the same relationship between investment expenditure and

Lei Zhu; Ai-ling Pan

2009-01-01

347

Against the corporal punishment of children  

Microsoft Academic Search

John Wilson suggests there are six advantages for corporal punishment: cheap and easy to administer, effective deterrent, effective reform, adjustable pain, fair because of similar dislike of pain, no permanent damage. None of these survive close scrutiny. An alternative, deontological argument against corporal punishment is proposed building on four points Wilson mentions but is dismissive of: assault, attack on a

John Clark

2004-01-01

348

Exploring the communicative nature of corporal punishment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extensive research in sociology and psychology suggests that corporal punishment of children is a serious problem because it increases the risk of physical and psychological harm. In the present study we utilized a recently developed communication framework to investigate corporal punishment. We derived two hypotheses and conducted a study of 178 college students. Following established procedures, we asked respondents to

Jeffrey W. Kassing; Kevin J. Pearce; Dominic A. Infante; Susan M. Pyles

1999-01-01

349

What Happens When Corporal Punishment Is Legal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses abuses of the use of legalized corporal punishment in schools. The relationship between social factors and the prevalence of corporal punishment in schools was assessed. Newspaper articles dated from 1975 through 1992 and collated through Burelles's Clipping Service were analyzed. The six variables were (a) sex of the educator, (b) sex of the student, (c) age of

MARIA R. CZUMBIL; IRWIN A. HYMAN

1997-01-01

350

DECISION SPREAD IN THE CORPORATE BOARD NETWORK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The boards of large corporations sharing some of their directors are connected in complex networks. Boards are responsible for corporations' long-term strategy and are often involved in decisions about a common topic related to the belief in economical growth or recession. We are interested in understanding under which conditions a large majority of boards making the same decision can emerge

STEFANO BATTISTON; GÉRARD WEISBUCH; ERIC BONABEAU

2003-01-01

351

Corporate Governance and the Public Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance has long been a concern for industrial economists but not typically a centrepiece of policy. One reason is that policy design has been based on a market?orientated approach to the theory and impact of the firm. In contrast, this paper is rooted in a strategic decision?making perspective that makes corporate governance a central policy issue. Moreover, whereas responses

J. Robert Branston; Keith Cowling; Roger Sugden

2006-01-01

352

Desired General Education Competencies: A Corporate Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A corporate perspective on the general education competencies expected of middle management and technical personnel is provided and responded to in these three papers. First, Rita Meyer presents results from a study conducted by West Virginia Northern Community College to obtain the views of corporate managers on the general education…

Meyer, Rita; And Others

353

The Role of Government in Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous corporate scandals in the past several years have fueled widespread debate over proposals for government action. The central challenge for government is how to restore corporate integrity and market confidence without overreacting and stifling the dynamism that underlies a strong economy. To examine this challenge, the Center for Business and Government's Regulatory Policy Program organized a conference in May

Cary Coglianese; Thomas J. Healey; Elizabeth K. Keating; Michael L. Michael

2004-01-01

354

CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT (CRM) & CORPORATE RENAISSANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business in south Asia is currently at a low ebb. So is the corporate confidence. There is a clear and present danger from the forces of global competition, to the corporate sector in South Asia, if it does not re-invent itself and engineer massive renaissance. The risk mandates not only a better management of macro parameters of the economy but

M. L. Agrawal

355

Intangibles, Global Networks & Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Network organisations emphasise the importance of corporate and product intangible assets. In global competition, the managerial economics of intangibles imposes new network policies of corporate social responsibility, dominated by global social issues such as economic sustainability, eco-responsibility, worker protection and so on.

Silvio Brondoni

2010-01-01

356

Career Decision-Making and Corporate Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to investigate the extent of influence of corporate (or organisational) responsibility on university students' career decision-making. It reports on a pilot study conducted at the University of Sydney which aims to: explore students' ethical, professional and social understanding regarding corporate responsibility; determine the…

Sainty, Rosemary

2008-01-01

357

The Corporate Value and Social Responsibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past two decades, corporate social responsibility has become a controversial issue which is usually responded to according to the management style of individual corporations. Three concepts of management style have developed. Profit maximization considers that money and wealth are most important, labor is a commodity to be bought and sold,…

Lilly, Edward R.

358

Corporate Management and the Education Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the movement toward corporate management in local government and its implications for those engaged in educational management. Corporate management places emphasis on the interaction between the problems faced by a local authority and on the corresponding need for interaction in the use of the authority's resources. (Author/WM)

Stewart, J. D.

1974-01-01

359

CORPORATE INFORMATION SECURITY GOVERNANCE: A HOLISTIC APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information is the considered by some to be one of the most valuable assets that a corporation has. The assurance of the protection of this valuable asset should not be left to the chief information officer of a company, but should be treated as a governance issue. Relevant aspects to corporate information security governance include accountability to shareholders, compliance with

Lynette Mears; Rossouw von Solms

360

Multi-Agent Corporate Memory Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: This paper presents an approach to design a multi-agent system managing a corporatememory in the form of a distributed semantic web and describes the resulting architecture. Thesystem was designed during the CoMMA European project (Corporate Memory Managementthrough Agents) and aims at helping users in the management of a corporate memory, facilitatingthe creation, dissemination, transmission and reuse of knowledge in

Fabien Gandon; Agostino Poggi; Giovanni Rimassa; Paola Turci

2002-01-01

361

From Corporate Memories to Supply Web Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern production has discovered knowledge as an additional factor of production and a new trend of research, development and implementation of corporate memory systems is arising. The global economy leads to tighter corporation relations be- tween enterprises. Therefore the knowledge of one product does not exist in a single company but within participating companies respective the sup- ply chain. A

Ingo J. Timm; Heiner Stuckenschmidt

2001-01-01

362

Conceptual Graphs for Corporate Knowledge Repositories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The challenge companies will have to meet when making the leap from the industrial era to the knowledge era is the memorization of corporate knowledge and its dissemination to employees throughout the organization. Developing a corporate memory is the means chosen by DMR Consulting Group to capitalize on and manage its expertise in information technology. This paper presents a study

Olivier Gerbé

1997-01-01

363

Virtual Libraries: Meeting the Corporate Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses virtual libraries in corporate settings from the viewpoint of five special librarians. Highlights include competitive advantage, space and related collection issues, the use of technology, corporate culture, information overload, library vulnerability and downsizing, and the importance of service over format. (LRW)

DiMattia, Susan S.; Blumenstein, Lynn C.

1999-01-01

364

The Corporate Stake in Social Cohesion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a function that transcends, but includes, making profits, creating jobs, and producing goods and services. The effectiveness with which corporations perform this function determines their contribution (or lack of contribution) to social cohesion. This article therefore presents a discussion of some of the…

Oketch, Moses O.

2005-01-01

365

The Corporate University Landscape in Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper seeks first to present an overview of the corporate university landscape in Germany contrasting it with the US-American corporate university market and, second, to outline the development in Germany during the last 15 years and to have a look at future trends such as learning alliances. Design/methodology/approach: The…

Andresen, Maike; Lichtenberger, Bianka

2007-01-01

366

Corporate Business Ethics - Analysis and Leverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate business ethics have become a major topic in Japan as well as in the United States. Last year, as many as six major corporate wrongdoings were revealed in Japan, resulting in severe damage to public image and profit. Furthermore, falsification of inspection records regarding cracks at three nuclear power plants by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) is certain to

Shigehisa Tsuchiya

2002-01-01

367

Corporate Support of Higher Education 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of an annual survey of corporate giving to higher education show corporate support continuing to advance, both in dollar amounts and in relation to several important indicators. Among the highlights are these: national estimates show education support at a new high of $870 million, a 17.6 percent rise over 1978 and almost double the 1975…

Council for Financial Aid to Education, New York, NY.

368

Corporate Governance, Accounting Outcomes, and Organizational Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The empirical research examining the association between typical mea- sures of corporate governance and various accounting and economic outcomes has not produced a consistent set of results. We believe that these mixed results are par- tially attributable to the difficulty in generating reliable and valid measures for the com- plex construct that is termed ''corporate governance.'' Using a sample of

David F. Larcker; Scott A. Richardson; ?rem Tuna

2007-01-01

369

Corporate social responsibility – a PR invention?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considers the paradoxes inherent in the phrase “corporate social responsibility”. These include procedures of corporate governance, the market’s view of organizations’ ethical stances, the lack of clear definition, acceptance or denial, the lack of formal mechanisms for taking responsibility and the placing and priority that most organizations give to social responsibility. The article concludes that until these paradoxes are properly

Peter Frankental

2001-01-01

370

Small Business Champions for Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

While Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has traditionally been the domain of the corporate sector, recognition of the growing significance of the Small and Medium Sized Enterprise (SME) sector has led to an emphasis on their social and environmental impact, illustrated by an increasing number of initiatives aimed at engaging SMEs in the CSR agenda. CSR has been well researched in

Heledd Jenkins

2006-01-01

371

From Management Systems to Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the start of the 21st century, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) seems to have great potential for innovating business practices with a positive impact on People, Planet and Profit. In this article the differences between the management systems approach of the nineties, and Corporate Social Responsibility are analysed.

Gerard I. J. M. Zwetsloot

2003-01-01

372

The Cognitive Structure of Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have attempted to empirically verify the concept of corporate social responsibility, although it has been discussedfor decades. This study is a multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis of a sample of 549 persons that suggests that corporate social responsibility can be viewed as a three-dimensional construct. The three dimensions include economic-noneconomiclhuman outcomes, ethical considerations, and consequences for relevant interest groups.

Kimberly B. Boal; Newman Peery

1985-01-01

373

Corporate Social Responsibility Theories: Mapping the Territory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) field presents not only a landscape of theories but also a proliferation of approaches, which are controversial, complex and unclear. This article tries to clarify the situation, “mapping the territory” by classifying the main CSR theories and related approaches in four groups: (1) instrumental theories, in which the corporation is seen as only an instrument

Elisabet Garriga; Domènec Melé

2004-01-01

374

Corporate social responsibility and employee commitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective corporate social responsibility policies are a requirement for today's companies. Policies have not only to be formulated, they also have to be delivered by corporate employees. This paper uses existing research findings to identify two types of factors that may impact on employee motivation and commitment to CSR ‘buy-in’. The first of these is contextual: employee attitudes and behaviours

Jane Collier; Rafael Esteban

2007-01-01

375

Corporate Social Responsibility: Three Key Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

abstract? Corporate social responsibility remains an embryonic and contestable concept. This paper assesses three key approaches and offers a perspective gauging little prospect of theoretical synthesis. Ethical responsibility theory advocates strong corporate self-restraint and altruism duties and expansive public policy strengthening stakeholder rights. Economic responsibility theory advocates market wealth creation subject only to minimalist public policy and perhaps customary business

Duane Windsor

2006-01-01

376

The ethicality of altruistic corporate social responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This commentary questions commonly held assumptions about corporate social responsibility (CSR). It discusses the morality of altruistic CSR – philanthropic CSR activities that are not necessarily beneficial to the firm’s financial position. Evaluating altruistic CSR from all major ethical perspectives – utilitarianism, rights, justice and care – leads to the conclusion that, for publicly held corporations, such activity is immoral.

Geoffrey P. Lantos

2002-01-01

377

41 CFR 60-2.30 - Corporate management compliance evaluations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 true Corporate management compliance evaluations. 60-2...Miscellaneous § 60-2.30 Corporate management compliance evaluations. (a) Purpose. Corporate Management Compliance Evaluations are...

2010-07-01

378

41 CFR 60-2.30 - Corporate management compliance evaluations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 false Corporate management compliance evaluations. 60-2...Miscellaneous § 60-2.30 Corporate management compliance evaluations. (a) Purpose. Corporate Management Compliance Evaluations are...

2009-07-01

379

77 FR 34281 - Airworthiness Directives; Schweizer Aircraft Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Airworthiness Directives; Schweizer Aircraft Corporation AGENCY: Federal Aviation...airworthiness directive (AD) for Schweizer Aircraft Corporation (Schweizer) Model 269D...models is currently held by Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation (Sikorsky). This...

2012-06-11

380

77 FR 52205 - Airworthiness Directives; Univair Aircraft Corporation Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Univair Aircraft Corporation Airplanes AGENCY: Federal...directive (AD) for certain Univair Aircraft Corporation Models (ERCO) 415-C...was prompted by a report of a Univair Aircraft Corporation Model ERCO 415-D...

2012-08-29

381

77 FR 33083 - Airworthiness Directives; WACO Classic Aircraft Corporation Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Airworthiness Directives; WACO Classic Aircraft Corporation Airplanes AGENCY: Federal...directive (AD) for certain WACO Classic Aircraft Corporation Models 2T-1A, 2T-1A-1...identified in this AD, contact WACO Classic Aircraft Corporation; 15955 South Airport...

2012-06-05

382

12 CFR 1400.1 - Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation. 1400...1 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION ORGANIZATION...Functions § 1400.1 Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation....

2013-01-01

383

12 CFR 1400.1 - Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation. 1400...1 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION ORGANIZATION...Functions § 1400.1 Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation....

2009-01-01

384

12 CFR 1400.1 - Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation. 1400...1 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION ORGANIZATION...Functions § 1400.1 Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation....

2010-01-01

385

Highlights of GAO's Corporate Governance, Transparency and Accountability Forum.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The recent sudden and largely unexpected bankruptcy of one of the nation's major corporations, Enron Corporation, and the financial difficulties being experienced by several other large corporations have resulted in substantial losses to employees and sha...

2002-01-01

386

Civil Charges in Corporate Scandals. CRS Report for Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the collapse of Enron Corporation in late 2001, there has been a series of scandals involving major U.S. corporations. This report lists civil suits filed by federal regulatory agencies charging individuals and corporations with violations related t...

M. Jickling P. H. Janov

2004-01-01

387

Galactic Rotation and Natural Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There exist a number of striking empirical regularities in the kinematics of rotating galaxies. These include flat rotation curves, the Tully-Fisher relation, and a relation between gravitational force and baryonic surface density. I suggest that these may be tantamount to Natural Laws, analogous to Kepler's Laws. The physical interpretation of these Laws is fraught with peril.

McGaugh, Stacy S.

2012-05-01

388

Freedom under Law. Revised edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet identifies and explains Colorado laws as they apply to juveniles and adults. The handbook was specifically developed to help teenagers know how the laws protect them and how they are expected to comply with them. Two short sections discuss the necessity of having laws and give definitions of 12 legal terms such as felony and petty…

Denver Public Schools, CO.

389

Law and the Physical Educator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since federal and state laws directly influence the professional activities of physical educators, it is essential to understand the implications of particular laws and regulations as well as legal processes. Some misconceptions about the law are examined, and techniques by which physical educators can affect educational policy are explored. (JN)

Jansma, Paul; French, Ron

1982-01-01

390

Immigration Law & the American Dream.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This magazine is designed to help high school teachers of civics, government, history, law, and law-related education program developers educate students about legal issues. This issue focuses on immigration law and the American Dream. It includes 11 articles: (1) "U.S. Immigration Policy and Globalization" (P. Martin; S. Martin) explains how the…

Parrini, Michelle, Ed.; Parins, Claire, Ed.; Kittlaus, Jennifer, Ed.; Bliss, Pam, Ed.

2001-01-01

391

The Death of Labor Law?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review tells three interlocking tales of decline, each with its respective prognosis for recovery: the declines of labor law scholarship, labor law, and organized labor. The relationship between the latter two and the role that a reformed labor law might play in reviving organized labor are matters of continuing controversy. In the meantime, two developments on the ground suggest

Cynthia L. Estlund

2006-01-01

392

Tax Breaks for Law Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A guide to federal income tax law as it affects law students is presented. Some costs that may constitute valuable above-the-line deductions are identified: moving expenses, educational expenses, job-seeking expenses, and income averaging. Available from Washington and Lee University School of Law, Lexington, VA 24450, $5.50 sc) (MLW)

Button, Alan L.

1981-01-01

393

RAND Corporation: Measuring Teacher Effectiveness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The RAND Corporation provides research on a range of topics, and has long been interested in public school reform and related matters. This website provides access to papers and commentaries produced as part of RAND's initiative on measuring teacher effectiveness. The site is designed for teachers, administrators, policymakers, and anyone else "seeking objective, nonpartisan information on measuring teaching effectiveness." First-time visitors can get started by looking over the fact sheets, which include "Multiple Choices: Options for Measuring Teaching Effectiveness" and "Teachers Matter: Understanding Teachers' Impact on Student Achievement." After considering these items, visitors can move on to click on the "Research & Commentary" area to read the site's blog, take a look at the multimedia section, or consider the available full reports, which include "Incorporating Student Performance Measures into Teacher Evaluation Systems."

2013-01-15

394

45 CFR 2552.113 - What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation funded projects?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Welfare 4 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation...Foster Grandparent Program Projects § 2552.113 What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for...

2009-10-01

395

45 CFR 2552.113 - What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation funded projects?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation...Foster Grandparent Program Projects § 2552.113 What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for...

2010-10-01

396

26 CFR 1.367(b)-4 - Acquisition of foreign corporate stock or assets by a foreign corporation in certain...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...foreign corporation as to which DC is a (direct or indirect) section 1248 shareholder...dividends, redemptions and corporate growth) in consideration for common stock or...dividends, redemptions and corporate growth, or, in the discretion of the...

2013-04-01

397

77 FR 36131 - Airworthiness Directives; Enstrom Helicopter Corporation Helicopters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Enstrom Helicopter Corporation Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA...existing airworthiness directive (AD) for Enstrom Helicopter Corporation (Enstrom) Model F-28C,...

2012-06-18

398

77 FR 729 - Airworthiness Directives; Enstrom Helicopter Corporation Helicopters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Enstrom Helicopter Corporation Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA...new airworthiness directive (AD) for Enstrom Helicopter Corporation (Enstrom) Model F-28C,...

2012-01-06

399

Transgender Law and Policy Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Transgender Law and Policy Institute aims to advance transgender equality through advocating for non-discrimination laws and policy change. The number of transgender people in the United States population ranges from two to five percent and a smaller number are transsexual. Visitors will find that one of the many features on this very thorough site is under the "Non-discrimination Laws" link, which consists of lists, maps, and charts of which states and municipalities have non-discrimination laws that include gender identity and expression. Some of these laws include prohibiting discrimination in public employment and policies regarding restrooms and other gender-based facilities. Visitors interested in reading about such transgender related litigation in criminal, immigration, medical, tax, discrimination, or tort law will appreciate the "Litigation: Case Law" link.

400

Confidentiality and the law.  

PubMed Central

Codes of medical ethics issued by professional organizations typically contain statements affirming the importance of confidentiality between patients and health-care practitioners. Seldom, however, is the confidentiality obligation depicted as absolute. Instead, exceptions are noted, the most common of which is that health-care professionals are justified in breaching the confidence of a patient if required by law to do so. Reasons that might be given to support this exception are critically discussed in this paper. The conclusion argued for is that this is not a legitimate exception to the confidentiality rule.

McConnell, T

1994-01-01

401

Deriving Darcy's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise begins with a demonstration of fluid flow through porous sediment using a constant head permeameter, with the students conducting the experiment and collecting the data. The demo is followed by a Think-Pair-Share exercise in which the question is posed to the class: "What could we change in order to increase flow through the system?" The class then works through their brainstormed list of ideas, discussing each and evaluating whether it is correct or a misconception. The students derive Darcy's Law qualitatively, based upon the results of the Think-Pair-Share exercise and discussions.

Salvage, Karen

402

China's Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law: the law and the philosophy.  

PubMed

The present study introduces and discusses the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law of the People's Republic of China. The law was promulgated in the context of Chinese socioeconomic reforms and legal reforms in response to the rising delinquency since the early 1980s. The study explains the social and political background of the law with respect to the patterns of delinquency in China. The law has several main features that reflect the Chinese philosophical underpinnings of crime prevention and control, and the study discusses the connection between the law and the traditional Chinese philosophy and thinking. Finally, the study discusses the challenges to the enforcement of the law in Chinese society, which has lacked a legal tradition in its history. PMID:17600300

Lening Zhang; Jianhong Liu

2007-10-01

403

hr-law: Human Rights Law Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

hr-law is a mailing list for law students studying international human rights or humanitarian law, or who are just interested in the subject. The purpose of the list is to provide a forum where people can share information, experiences and ideas. Some of the appropriate topics for this list include: information on how to do research in the human rights area, and sharing of hints; exchanging help on papers or research projects; discussion of topics related to human rights law; and sharing information on employment, internship and volunteer opportunities.

404

Relations between Continuous Versions of Bibliometric Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates how the addition of a third "hidden" variable to the two parameters in Lotka's law makes this law equivalent, in a strictly logical sense, with Mandelbrot's law. Similarly, Lotka's inverse square law is made equivalent with Leimkuhler's law. It is also shown how Pareto's law fits into this framework. (29 references) (Author/CLB)

Rousseau, Ronald

1990-01-01

405

Safe Harbor in Uncharted Waters—Securities Law Exemptions Under Section 1125(e) of the Bankruptcy Code  

Microsoft Academic Search

Securities issues often confront corporations seeking to reorganize under chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code. This Article explores the safe harbor provided by section 1125(e) of the Bankruptcy Code and the stringent requirements of federal and state securities laws. It explains the history, purpose, and scope of section 1125(e) as an aid to securities practitioners in structuring transactions in the

Richard M. Cieri; David P. Porter; Scott J. Davido; Heather Lennox

1996-01-01

406

Civil and Canon Law Issues Affecting American Catholic Higher Education 1948-1998: An Overview and the ACCU Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses civil and canon law issues affecting U.S. Catholic colleges and universities over the past 50 years, including discussions of property ownership, corporate structure, institutional governance, eligibility for public financial assistance, and regulatory compliance. Uses the records of the Association of Catholic Colleges and Universities…

Harrington, Peter J.

1999-01-01

407

Corporate strategies for Catholic hospitals.  

PubMed

St. Louis University's Center for Health Services Education and Research has identified three general styles of corporate leadership in a study of 100 Catholic hospitals. The study found that "business as usual" organizations tended to be threatened by change and to base decisions on internal issues rather than external factors such as competition and environmental trends. They practiced consensus decision making and a traditional management style. Although these organizations promoted a cooperative spirit, they were highly vulnerable to crisis. The "beat them at their own game" institutions tended to be market conscious and future oriented and measured performance primarily in terms of the bottom line. Their ability to adapt to a changing environment enabled them to create feeder systems to keep occupancies high. Despite a strong esprit de corps, however, they failed to enlist employees' wholehearted support. Institutions with transformational strategies exhibited a strong mission commitment and used multiple measures of success, including market consciousness, employee satisfaction, quality of care, and profitability. Since each management style has strengths and weaknesses, executives and board members must carefully examine them in developing their own strategies. PMID:10271509

Stensrud, R

1985-06-01

408

The (Perceived) Roles of Corporate Governance Reforms in Malaysia: The Views of Corporate Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to understand the roles of corporate governance reforms in Malaysia following the 1997\\/1998 Asian crisis from the perspectives of corporate managers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The primary evidence used is drawn from a series of in- depth semi-structured interviews with Malaysian corporate managers involved in the overseeing of the governance structures within their companies.

Pik Kun Liew

409

The Link Between Board Composition and Corporate Diversification in Australian Corporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACTManuscript Type: EmpiricalResearch Question\\/Issue: This study investigates the association between the composition of the board of directors and corporate diversification, to explore the role of the board in corporate strategic choice.Research Findings\\/Results: Based on a sample of 101 Australian publicly listed firms in 2005, this study finds that there is no link between corporate decisions on product and\\/or geographic diversification

Rongrong Chen; Maria Cadiz Dyball; Sue Wright

2009-01-01

410

Corporate Education and Learning: The Accreditation Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the accreditation of work-based learning for the award of university credit. Defines accreditation as it is used in the United Kingdom, describes various types, and highlights factors to be considered before accrediting corporate training and development. (JOW)

Prince, Christopher

2003-01-01

411

Developing a corporate drug testing program  

SciTech Connect

Management reaction to employee drug abuse at a gas distribution company resulted in the development and implementation of a corporate drug testing program before DOT mandated drug testing. The author explains the background, planning, operation and communication work involved.

Hanrath, D.A. (Louisiana General Services, Inc., Harvey, LA (US))

1990-10-01

412

Corporate Memory and Spacecraft Course Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Florida Space Grant Consortium (FSGC) entered into a cooperative agreement with NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) to manage two programs, (1) Corporate Memory and (2) Spacecraft Course Development. The FSGC, with its central office at the University o...

1999-01-01

413

Corporal and capital punishment of juveniles.  

PubMed

There is a previously unobserved connection between corporal punishment of public school children and capital punishment of juveniles. Both are barometers of acceptable levels of violent punishment and their elimination is a hallmark of a maturing and decent society. Within a majority of the eighteen states where school authorities most frequently strike children are housed 25 of the nation's 28 juvenile death row inmates. On average, the homicide rates of these jurisdictions are two and a half times greater than those that have abolished both state-sanctioned corporal and capital punishment or limit death sentences to those age eighteen and older at the time of their crime(s). Most of the eighteen state abolitions of corporal punishment occurred in the 1980's. The US Supreme Court has ruled both corporal and capital punishment of juveniles constitutional. Additional state legislative abolition of both is anticipated in the 1990s. PMID:2122167

Frazier, H C

1990-01-01

414

Should assisted dying be lawful?  

PubMed

Calls for a change in the law to allow strictly controlled forms of assisted dying in the UK have resurfaced following a much-publicised storyline on the subject on the TV soap opera Coronation Street and the impending debate on Lord Falconer's Assisted Dying Bill in the House of Lords. This article reviews the current stance of the law on euthanasia and assisted dying and considers Lord Falconer's attempts to reform the law through the Assisted Dying Bill. PMID:24514111

Griffith, Richard

2014-02-01

415

American Society of International Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Society of International Law (ASIL) aims to educate and engage the public in issues concerning international law. The society's extensive Website contains a wealth of information, including several online publications, bibliographies, the ASIL Guide to Electronic Resources for International Law, and ASILEX, a searchable database of ASIL publications from 1964 to the present. In addition, the site provides a detailed introduction and history of the society, profiles its membership, and maintains a calendar of important events and activities.

416

Women's Law Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This information Web site, established and maintained by the Women's Law Initiative (WLI), is an online resource that provides legal information to women and girls living with or escaping domestic violence. Seeking to "empower women and girls to lead independent and productive lives, free from abuse," this site offers step-by-step instructions on filing for and obtaining restraining orders in all 50 US states and Washington, DC. Also, the site contains "plain language translations" of domestic violence statutes, as well as online links to counseling services, shelters, legal assistance, downloadable court documents, locations of courthouses and sheriffs' offices for filing forms and serving court papers, and legislation news regarding domestic violence. The site is not only a valuable resource for women who experience domestic abuse, but also a handy guide for the people who help them.

417

Nanoplasmonics beyond Ohm's law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In tiny metallic nanostructures, quantum confinement and nonlocal response change the collective plasmonic behavior with important consequences for e.g. field-enhancement and extinction cross sections. We report on our most recent developments of a real-space formulation of an equation-of-motion that goes beyond the common local-response approximation and use of Ohm's law as the central constitutive equation. The electron gas is treated within a semi-classical hydrodynamic model with the emergence of a new intrinsic length scale. We briefly review the new governing wave equations and give examples of applying the nonlocal framework to calculation of extinction cross sections and field enhancement in isolated particles, dimers, and corrugated surfaces.

Mortensen, N. Asger; Toscano, Giuseppe; Raza, Søren; Stenger, Nicolas; Yan, Wei; Jauho, Antti-Pekka; Xiao, Sanshui; Wubs, Martijn

2012-09-01

418

Rephrasing Faraday's Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As physics educators, we must often find the balance between simplicity and accuracy. Particularly in introductory courses, it can be a struggle to give students the level of understanding for which they're ready without misrepresenting reality. Of course, it's in these introductory courses that our students begin to construct the conceptual framework that they'll flesh out over a physics curriculum. So a misrepresentation at this early stage will seed difficulties and stubborn misconceptions that can persist or even strengthen through subsequent courses, especially since many upper-level texts focus more on techniques and would not directly challenge mistaken concepts. In the worst cases, our students retain misunderstandings past graduation, and even pass them on to their own students. One important case is the common representation of Faraday's law as showing that a time-varying magnetic field causes a circulating electric field.

Hill, S. Eric

2010-09-01

419

Videofile for Law Enforcement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Components of a videotape storage and retrieval system originally developed for NASA have been adapted as a tool for law enforcement agencies. Ampex Corp., Redwood City, Cal., built a unique system for NASA-Marshall. The first application of professional broadcast technology to computerized record-keeping, it incorporates new equipment for transporting tapes within the system. After completing the NASA system, Ampex continued development, primarily to improve image resolution. The resulting advanced system, known as the Ampex Videofile, offers advantages over microfilm for filing, storing, retrieving, and distributing large volumes of information. The system's computer stores information in digital code rather than in pictorial form. While microfilm allows visual storage of whole documents, it requires a step before usage--developing the film. With Videofile, the actual document is recorded, complete with photos and graphic material, and a picture of the document is available instantly.

1977-01-01

420

The contribution of corporate ventures to radical innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Established firms often face significant obstacles to innovation. As a solution, it has been suggested to form corporate ventures. Based on a sample of corporate and independent ventures in German manufacturing, we show that corporate ventures are more innovative than the control group, i.e. the independent ventures. In particular, corporate ventures are more successful at developing radical innovations. This effect,

Dirk Czarnitzki; Johannes M. H. Dick; Katrin Hussinger

2010-01-01

421

State-Corporate Crime and the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

While criminologists have for some time examined state and corporate crime as separate entities, the concept of state-corporate crime highlighting joint government and private corporate action causing criminal harm is a recent area of study with relatively few published case studies (Matthews and Kauzlarich, 2000). This paper focuses on state-corporate crime at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) in Paducah,

Alan S. Bruce; Paul J. Becker

2007-01-01

422

The Implementation of Information Technology in the Corporate Engineering Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The corporate engineering library has been shaped by a variety of recent business and technology trends. The increasing globalization and focus on efficiency in the corporate world has resulted in the consolidation or organization of corporate libraries and the outsourcing of non-essential functions. The rapid adoption of Intranets and other information technologies in corporations has created opportunities for libraries to

Robert Schwarzwalder

2001-01-01

423

Audit qualifications and corporate governance in Spanish listed firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Corporate governance empirical studies have primarily focused on the effects of corporate characteristics on market value, discretionary accruals, voluntary disclosure and firm performance. Nevertheless, corporate governance characteristics and the legal system of investor protection may also influence the role of statutory auditors and the demand for audit quality. The aim of this study is to investigate the corporate

Juan Pedro Sánchez Ballesta; Emma García-Meca

2005-01-01

424

Corporate Governance and Financial Distress: evidence from Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior empirical evidence supports the wealth expropriation hypothesis that weak corporate governance induced by certain types of ownership structures and board composition tends to result in minority interest expropriation. This in turn reduces corporate value. However, it is still unclear whether corporate financial distress is related to these corporate governance characteristics. To answer this question, we adopt three variables to

Tsun-Siou Lee; Yin-Hua Yeh

2004-01-01

425

Business Ethics and Corporate Governance in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article determines what the role of business ethics is within the Latin American corporate governance context. We analyzed five sources of information that provide vital information on the state of corporate governance in Latin America: the meetings of the Latin American Corporate Governance Network; the debates in the Latin America Corporate Governance Roundtables; the study Panorama Atual da Governança

Heloisa B. Bedicks; M. Cecilia Arruda

2005-01-01

426

Corporate blogging strategies of the Fortune 500 companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to investigate the emerging new phenomenon of corporate blogging and its objectives. In particular, this study focuses on how Fortune 500 firms attempt to maintain control, while supporting employee autonomy in corporate blogging. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using the framework of corporate blogging strategies proposed in this study, corporate blogging practices of the 2005 Fortune 500 companies

Sang Lee; Taewon Hwang; Hong-Hee Lee

2006-01-01

427

Corporate Social Responsibility: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I critically analyze contemporary discourses of corporate social responsibility and related discourses of sustainability and corporate citizenship. I argue that despite their emancipatory rhetoric, discourses of corporate citizenship, social responsibility and sustainability are defined by narrow business interests and serve to curtail interests of external stakeholders. I provide an alternate perspective, one that views discourses of corporate

Subhabrata Bobby Banerjee

2008-01-01

428

Corporate risk management and investment decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Corporate risk management is one of the critical concerns of managers when they make investment allocation decisions among multiple projects. The purpose of this paper is to address corporate investment issues illustrated by target-beating in capital budgeting, and further discuss their applications in financial management, especially in venture capital finance. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Value-at-risk, a typical down-side risk measure

Xun Li; Zhenyu Wu

2009-01-01

429

Corporate Communication in European Financial Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1988 the Rotterdam School of Management and Fairfield University conducted jointly a survey in twenty-one banks and twenty insurance companies in Europe and the U.S. The purpose was to examine corporate communication practices in comparable service industries on two continents.\\u000a\\u000aCentral questions were: How is corporate communication organized; how are resources allocated; what strategies are used; what values are

Riel van C. B. M

1992-01-01

430

Creating New Corporate Memories to Reinvent IBM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dominating role of corporate memory\\/corporate culture in instituting\\/impeding dramatic changes is highlighted in the first-person narrative of Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. of his tenure as IBM CEO (1993-2002). Gerstner, who had never worked in the computer business, was brought in to rescue IBM which had lost $16 billion in three years, and half its share value in eight years

George K. Chacko

2005-01-01

431

Corporate takeovers, firm performance, and board composition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relation between corporate takeovers and the board of directors as alternative control mechanisms to discipline top management. Previous research shows that CEO turnover subsequent to corporate takeovers is inversely related to pre-takeover market-related performance. We find this relation is concentrated in targets with inside-dominated boards of directors. Our results support the notion that, as an alternative

Omesh Kini; William Kracaw; Shehzad Mian

1995-01-01

432

Corporate Social Responsibility: Views from the Frontline  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers an evaluation of corporate policy and practice in respect of corporate social responsibility (CSR) deriving\\u000a from an analysis of qualitative data, obtained during semi-structured interviews with the representatives of 16 companies\\u000a from a variety of UK sectors including retail, mining, financial services and mobile telephony. The findings of the empirical\\u000a survey are presented in five sections that

Lisa Whitehouse

2006-01-01

433

The Ethicality of Altruistic Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This personal opinion commentary,questions commonly,held assumptions about corporate social responsibility (CSR). It discusses the morality of altruistic CSR—philanthropic CSR activities that are not necessarily beneficial to the firm’s financial position. Evaluating altruistic CSR from all major ethical perspectives—utilitarianism, rights, justice, and care—leads to the conclusion that, for publicly held corporations, such activity is immoral. This is because altruistic CSR

Geoffrey P. Lantos

2001-01-01

434

Beyond takeovers: politics comes to corporate control.  

PubMed

In the 1990s, politics will replace takeovers as the defining tool for corporate governance challenges, and a marketplace of ideas will replace the frenzied activity that once dominated the financial marketplace in the 1980s. In the transaction-driven market of the past, corporate raiders used junk bonds and other financial tools to take control of their targets. In the new marketplace of ideas, debate will replace debt as active shareholders press specific operating policies for their target corporations in a new politicized market for corporate control. John Pound, associate professor of public policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard, reports that investors are already using shadow management committees, independent director slates, and outside experts to influence management policy. Pound cites Carl Icahn's battle for control of USX as an example of the emerging trend. What began as a hostile takeover ended with a negotiated solution in which many constituencies ultimately played a role in the restructuring of the company. This political approach to governance gives management a chance to embrace a bargain that is in its long-term interest. By promoting politically based tactics, managers can generate political capital with their major investors. Managers in companies as diverse as Avon and Lockheed now meet regularly with investors, seeking their input on both financial and strategic decisions. In the new politicized market for corporate control, striking a bargain with long-term investors is ultimately in the best interest of the corporation. PMID:10117371

Pound, J

1992-01-01

435

Counterparts in Modern Policing: The Influence of Corporate Investigators on the Public Police and a Call for the Broadening of the State Action Doctrine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Comment first provides an overview of the constitutional concerns that arise when the private police interact with criminal defendants, and the even graver issues that are present when this interaction also involves governmental law enforcement. Part III presents an in depth look at private police, with some detail focused specifically on corporate investigators who work in conjunction with public

Sean James Beaton

2012-01-01

436

Bijuralism in Law's Empire and in Law's Cosmos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the example of McGill University's bijural program, explores how teaching the common and civil law traditions together provides an opportunity to teach in law's "cosmos" rather than its "empire," so that a bijural legal education can plainly and confidently ally itself with the great university tradition of prizing knowledge over…

Kasirer, Nicholas

2002-01-01

437

A-law/Mu-law Dynamic Range Compression Deconvolution (Preprint).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper the A-law/Mu-law Dynamic Range Compression algorithm used in telecommunication systems is proposed for the first time for nonlinear Dynamic Range Compression image restoration of blurred signals embedded in very high noise environment. Our s...

B. Haji-saeed C. L. Woods J. Khoury J. Kierstead W. D. Goodhue

2008-01-01

438

Experimental verification of Boyle's law and the ideal gas law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We offer two new experiments concerning the experimental verification of Boyle's law and the ideal gas law. To carry out the experiments we use glass tubes, water, a syringe and a metal manometer. The pressure of the saturated water vapour is taken into consideration. For educational purposes, the experiments are characterized by their accessibility and the considerable precision of results.

Trifonov Ivanov, Dragia

2007-03-01

439

Library Laws Handbook: State Laws Relating to Michigan Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents excerpts and copies of state laws relating to Michigan libraries. The following are included: the Preamble of the Constitution of Michigan of 1963; Legislative Council Act (excerpt); Incompatible Public Offices; Freedom of Information Act; Open Meetings Act; Laws, Documents, and Reports (excerpts); Administrative Procedures…

Michigan Library, Lansing.

440

Simulating the Law: Experiential "Teachniques" in the Modern Law Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of arguing aspects of legal scenarios in order to facilitate student learning within the law curriculum originated in the vocational Inns of Court in fourteenth-century England. Nowadays, simulations of court proceedings, such as moot courts and mock trials, are widely employed as educational tools in law modules in third-level…

Daly, Yvonne; Higgins, Noelle

2010-01-01

441

Corporate real estate holdings, debt level and stoc k performance of Chinese non-real estate corporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking the corporations issuing A-share in Shanghai stock exchange as sam ple, this paper examines the relationship between corporate real estat e (CRE) holdings and debt level for Chinese non-real estate corporations, and studies the impact of CRE holdings on stock performance for corporations with different debt levels and in diffe rent industry, using the pool data from 2003 to

Hongyan Du; Yongkai Ma

442

Duke University School of Law Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Duke University's School of Law now provides the full text of six of its journals at this website: Duke Law Journal, Law & Contemporary Problems, Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum, Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy, and Alaska Law Review. At present, only the most recent issue of each journal is available. All journals are searchable, and retrieval can also be achieved via volume, page, and year.

1997-01-01

443

The law of toxic substances.  

PubMed

The law of toxic substances dates back to Medieval England, but the present comprehensive federal regulatory scheme was developed over the past two decades. This article presents a brief overview of the federal law of air and water pollution, solid waste control, and the regulation of chemicals. PMID:540601

Garrett, T L

1979-10-01

444

The law of toxic substances.  

PubMed Central

The law of toxic substances dates back to Medieval England, but the present comprehensive federal regulatory scheme was developed over the past two decades. This article presents a brief overview of the federal law of air and water pollution, solid waste control, and the regulation of chemicals.

Garrett, T L

1979-01-01

445

The Coming Law School Bubble  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author explains how forty years of politicized hiring in the law schools has left its destructive mark. The results are potentially catastrophic: Market forces and internal law school policies may be combining to produce a legal education bubble the likes of which the country has never seen. (Contains 11 footnotes.)

Krauss, Michael I.

2011-01-01

446

Zipf's law and phase transition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we describe the link between the Zipf law and statistical distributions for the Fortuin-Kasteleyn clusters in Ising as well as Potts models. From these results, it is seen that Zipf's law can be a criterion of a phase transition, but it does not determine its order. We present the corresponding histograms for fixed domain configurations.

Lukierska-Walasek, K.; Topolski, K.

2014-04-01

447

The First Law of Elasticity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Boyle-Mariotte gas law was formulated in terms of pneumatic springs," subsumed by Hooke under his own stress-strain relation, and generally regarded as a law of elasticity. The subsequent development of Boyle's principle and elasticity provide thought-provoking test cases for Kuhn's notations of paradigm and puzzle solving in physics.…

Girill, T. R.

1972-01-01

448

Earthquakes Scaling Laws: Are Independent?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquakes exhibit three well known scaling laws: Gutenberg - Richter (GR) frequency magnitude relation, the Omori law and the multifractal distribution of epicenters. We shall show that there exist two relations between the scaling exponente of these relations. In particular the b value shall be proportional to the correlation dimension of the epicenter distribution trough the fractal dimension of the

C. Godano; M. Falanga; S. de Martino

2002-01-01

449

Global Issues in Criminal Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This title provides an introduction to issues arising in international and transnational crimes, giving students a broader perspective on a developing area of the law. The book also provides faculty and students with material from domestic and international sources. It builds on a number of subjects treated in the traditional criminal law class, such as mens rea, actus reus, accomplice

Christopher L. Blakesley

2007-01-01

450

Power law or power flaw?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since its introduction by Svensson in 1959, the power law curve y = axb (where x and y are horizontal and vertical direction, respectively) has been widely used in morphological analysis of glacial trough cross-profiles. The numerical constants a and b are obtained by a linear regression analysis of the logarithmic form of the power law curve (ln y =

Frank Pattyn; Wim van Huele

1998-01-01

451

Social Change and Criminal Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of urbanization on criminal law and the extension of law into the area of morality (value systems) are discussed in terms of social control via punishment and deterrence. The impact of the social sciences (psychotherapy, sociology, behavioral science) is covered in terms of social control via rehabilitation and environmental…

Jeffery, C. Ray

1970-01-01

452

Exact law of live nature  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exact law of mortality dynamics in changing populations and environment is derived. It includes no explicit characteristics of animal- environment interactions (metabolism etc) which are a must for life; it is universal for all animals, from single cell yeast to humans, with their drastically different biology, evolutionary history, and complexity; it is rapidly (within few percent of life span) reversible. Such law is unique for live systems with their homeostatic self-adjustment to environment (cf. thermodynamics of liquids and glasses). The law which is valid for all live, and only live, systems is their specific natural law. Mortality is an instrument of natural selection and biological diversity. Its law, which is preserved in evolution of all species, is a conservation law of mortality, selection, evolution, biology. The law implies new kind of intrinsic mortality and adaptation which dominate in evolutionary unprecedented protected populations and, in contrast to species specific natural selection, proceed via universal stepwise rungs and reduce to universal cellular mechanism. The law demonstrates that intrinsic mortality and at least certain aspects of aging are disposable evolutionary byproducts, and directed genetic and/or biological changes may yield healthy and vital Methuselah lifespan. This is consistent with experiments. Universality implies that single cell yeast may provide a master key to the cellular mechanism of universal mortality, aging, selection, evolution, and its regulation in all animals. One may look for its manifestations in animal cells also, e.g., in their replicative senescence and cancer. Evolutionary origin and genetic nature of universality are suggested.

Azbel, Mark Ya.

2005-07-01

453

Australian Employment Law in 1993  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys developments in employment law in Australia during 1993. The discussion is arranged under a number of headings: statutory developments in employment law; the employee\\/independent contractor dis tinction ; judicial decisions concerning the contract of employment; developing principles in unfair dismissal cases; and disability discrimination in the workplace.

Richard Naughton

1994-01-01

454

Use the second law, first  

Microsoft Academic Search

The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics are reviewed as an introduction to an explanation of the thesis that energy analyses of plants, components, and processes should be made by application of the Second Law which deals with the availability of energy or the potential energy. The methodology suggested is illustrated by applying it to an analysis of the Koppers-Totzek

R. A. Gaggioli; P. J. Petit

1977-01-01

455

Law, Endowments and Property Rights  

Microsoft Academic Search

While scholars have hypothesized about the sources of variation in property rights for over 2500 years, it is only very recently that researchers have begun to test these theories empirically. This paper reviews both the theory and empirical evidence supporting and refuting the law and endowment views of property rights. The law view holds that historically determined differences in national

Ross Levine

2005-01-01

456

Corporate strategy in turbulent environments: Key roles of the corporate level  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the evolution during the period 1986-2002 of the corporate strategy of Lujan, a highly successful car components manufacturer headquartered in Spain, as a way to explore how the corporate level influences the successful evolution of a company exposed to a \\

Adrian A. Caldart; Joan Enric Ricart

2006-01-01

457

Board reputation attributes and corporate social performance: an empirical investigation of the US Best Corporate Citizens  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the paper is to investigate the relationship between board reputation and corporate social performance. Specifically, we claim that corporate social performance may be a function of board attributes and we investigate the association between board reputation – in terms of board composition, competence, diversity, leadership, structure and links with the external environment – and the social performance

Christine A. Mallin; Giovanna Michelon

2011-01-01

458

Confronting the “corporate citizen” : Shaping the discourse of corporate social responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To demonstrate, through the application of Fairclough's critical discourse analysis framework, that the discourse surrounding corporate social responsibility (CSR) has broader implications. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Argues that the evolution of CSR has become a two-way process of interaction between business and civil society. Findings – As companies place increasing emphasis on their ability to act responsibly as “corporate citizens”,

Jon Burchell; Joanne Cook

2006-01-01

459

The Corporate Social Performance and Corporate Financial Performance DebateTwenty-Five Years of Incomparable Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article extends earlier research concerning the relationship between corporate social performance and corporate financial performance, with particular emphasis on methodological inconsistencies. Research in this area is extended in three critical areas. First, it focuses on a particular industry, the chemical industry. Second, it uses multiple sources of data-two that are perceptual based (KLD Index and Fortune reputation survey), and

Jennifer J. Griffin; John F. Mahon

1997-01-01

460

Designing Safer Products: Corporate Responses to Product Liability Law and Regulation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Of all the various external social pressures, product liability has the greatest influence on product design decisions. The other influences largely work through the product liability mechanism. In industries with potentially high-hazard products, but not...

G. Eads P. Reuter

1984-01-01

461

Observations on Darcy's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Before class, I prepare several "Darcy columns". These are plastic water bottles with a hole in the bottom that is covered with mesh and a rubber stopper. The bottles are filled with soil and water and are capped. One bottle is the reference bottle, with sand of height hs, and water of height hw, and a standard bottle diameter. Each of the remaining bottles are filled with one of the parameters varied: e.g., gravel instead of sand, silt instead of sand, sand of height 2hs instead of hs, water of height 2hw instead of hw, larger diameter bottle, etc. In class, student split into groups and each group is given a bottle, flexible ruler, funnel, graduated cylinder, and a large cup of water. As a group, they note the material type, measure the flow area, measure the height of porous material, and measure the difference in head across the porous material. Then they measure the flow rate, while maintaining a constant head. They repeat the flow measurement for their column, and then they repeat the process with one or more other columns, depending on the time available. Each group records their results on a table, and the class results are tabulated on the board. As a class, we discuss the whether or not their results follow Darcy's law. We also discuss the measurement errors, repeatability of the results, and the differences in flow rate for sand, gravel, and silt.

Neupauer, Roseanna

462

Gas Laws Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This set of activities enables students to investigate what causes pressure, how it is measured, and how it is affected by its own properties and the properties of its container. Students are encouraged to understand how the principles and effects of pressure are generated from specific interactions between many particles. The activities include: - Modeling a Tire - This activity enables students to investigate what happens inside a bike tire. - Changing Pressure - This activity enables students to investigate what pressure is and how it is measured in the computer model. - Experimenting with Particles - This activity enables students to design their own experiments related to the study of gas particle behavior in a container. - Number and Pressure - This activity enables students to investigate the quantitative relationship between particle number and pressure. - Temperature and Pressure - This activity enables students to investigate the quantitative relationship between temperature and pressure. - Volume and Pressure - This activity enables students to investigate the quantitative relationship between volume and pressure. - The Ideal Gas Law - This activity poses some exciting challenges for students to apply their growing literacy of exploring models and the content domain.

2008-11-06

463

Law of international aquifers  

SciTech Connect

This study presents an accounting of the efforts made to date at the international level, both intergovernmental and nongovernmental, that may be bringing us closer to the time when transnational groundwater consideration can be studied and acted upon in conjunction with surface water and within intergovernmental institutions tailored to the purpose. A review of the Helsinki Rules and international developments since 1966 is followed by a summary of trends at the municipal level of separating water rights from the property law concept of ownership. The transboundary nature of frontier aquifers is still resisted by many at the political level, but the steadily growing demand for water and the heightened threats to groundwater quality are making it more difficult to avoid the issue. Until the day when an international aquifer receives the same attention as surface waters, water-resource specialists must continue to study the conditions of aquifers, to probe for the most-appropriate management techniques, and to promote optimum utilization and protection. 65 references.

Hayton, R.D.

1982-01-01

464

[Corporal Punishment. Three Works:] The Influence of Corporal Punishment on Learning: A Statistical Study. The Bible and the Rod. 1001 Alternatives to Corporal Punishment, Volume One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguments against the use of corporal punishment in schools are presented in the three publications collected here. "The Influence of Corporal Punishment on Learning: A Statistical Study," by Adah Maurer and James S. Wallerstein, examines the relationship between rates of corporal punishment use and noncompletion of high school in the 50 states.…

Maurer, Adah; Wallerstein, James S.

465

Asymmetric laplace laws and modeling financial data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asymmetric Laplace laws form a subclass of geometric stable distributions, the limiting laws in the random summation scheme with a geometric number of terms. Among geometric stable laws, they play a role analogous to that of normal distribution among stable Paretian laws. However, with steeper peaks and heavier tails than normal distribution, asymmetric Laplace laws reflect properties of empirical financial

K. Podgórski

2001-01-01

466

Law, Finance, and Economic Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how the legal environment affects financial development, and then asks how this in turn is linked to long-run economic growth. Financial intermediaries are better developed in countries with legal and regulatory systems that (1) give a high priority to creditors receiving the full present value of their claims on corporations, (2) enforce contracts effectively, and (3) promote

Ross Levine

1999-01-01

467

The clinic as a good corporate neighbor  

PubMed Central

Clinics today specialize in health repair services similar to car repair shops; procedures and prices are standardized, regulated, and inflexibly uniform. Clinics of the future have to become Health Care Centers in order to be more respected and more effective corporate neighbors in offering outreach services in health education and preventive health care. The traditional concept of care for health is much broader than repair management and includes the promotion of lay health competence and responsibility in healthy social and natural environments. The corporate profile and ethics of the clinic as a good and competitive local neighbor will have to focus on [a] better personalized care, [b] education and services in preventive care, [c] direct or web-based information and advice for general, seasonal, or age related health risks, and on developing and improving trustworthy character traits of the clinic as a corporate person and a good neighbor.

Sass, Hans-Martin

2013-01-01

468

Columbia Historical Corporate Reports Online Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Business and Economics Library at Columbia University has digitized 770 historic corporate annual reports from their very extensive print collection. The reports are from 36 companies, and they range in dates from the 1850s to the 1960s, and are mainly from "corporations that operated in and around New York City." Visitors can search for the reports through an "Alphabetical List" or "Subject List", or browse by clicking on "View the Full List (XLS)". The "Sample Images" that are featured in the lower right hand corner of the homepage are from "Edison Electric Illuminating" and "Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Company". Once visitors choose an image to view, they will be able to view all of the years' digitized reports for that corporation, by clicking on the "Table of Contents" dropdown box. Visitors shouldn't miss the greatly detailed illustration from 1911 of the "Hudson Terminal Buildings", which is one of the chosen "Sample Images".

469

The clinic as a good corporate neighbor.  

PubMed

Clinics today specialize in health repair services similar to car repair shops; procedures and prices are standardized, regulated, and inflexibly uniform. Clinics of the future have to become Health Care Centers in order to be more respected and more effective corporate neighbors in offering outreach services in health education and preventive health care. The traditional concept of care for health is much broader than repair management and includes the promotion of lay health competence and responsibility in healthy social and natural environments. The corporate profile and ethics of the clinic as a good and competitive local neighbor will have to focus on [a] better personalized care, [b] education and services in preventive care, [c] direct or web-based information and advice for general, seasonal, or age related health risks, and on developing and improving trustworthy character traits of the clinic as a corporate person and a good neighbor. PMID:23444251

Sass, Hans-Martin

2013-02-01

470

25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws...AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Authority and Jurisdiction...Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal...

2011-04-01

471

Water resources, geography, and law  

SciTech Connect

Geographers have paid too little attention to law as a guiding element in many facets of natural resource use and landscape evolution. This book illustrates how the law interacts with natural and cultural processes related to water resources, and demonstrates the value of paying attention to legal dimensions. The chapters summarize water law in three areas of geographical interest: public use, allocation of rights, and boundary changes. Separate abstracts were prepared for two chapters selected for the Energy Data Base (EDB) and Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA).

Matthews, O.P.

1984-01-01

472

Unified Scaling Law for Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that the distribution of waiting times between earthquakes occurring in California obeys a simple unified scaling law valid from tens of seconds to tens of years. The short time clustering, commonly referred to as aftershocks, is nothing but the short time limit of the general hierarchical properties of earthquakes. There is no unique operational way of distinguishing between main shocks and aftershocks. In the unified law, the Gutenberg-Richter b value, the exponent -1 of the Omori law for aftershocks, and the fractal dimension df of earthquakes appear as critical indices.

Bak, Per; Christensen, Kim; Danon, Leon; Scanlon, Tim

2002-04-01

473

Zipf's Law in Gene Expression  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using data from gene expression databases on various organisms and tissues, including yeast, nematodes, human normal and cancer tissues, and embryonic stem cells, we found that the abundances of expressed genes exhibit a power-law distribution with an exponent close to -1; i.e., they obey Zipf’s law. Furthermore, by simulations of a simple model with an intracellular reaction network, we found that Zipf’s law of chemical abundance is a universal feature of cells where such a network optimizes the efficiency and faithfulness of self-reproduction. These findings provide novel insights into the nature of the organization of reaction dynamics in living cells.

Furusawa, Chikara; Kaneko, Kunihiko

2003-02-01

474

Genetic discrimination and the law.  

PubMed

The use of genetic tests can lead to genetic discrimination, discrimination based solely on the nature of an individual's genotype. Instances of the discriminatory uses of genetic tests by employers and insurance companies have already been reported. The recently enacted Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), together with other federal and state laws, can be used to combat some forms of this discrimination. In this article we define and characterize genetic discrimination, discuss the applicability of the various relevant federal and state laws, including the ADA, in the areas of employment and insurance discrimination, explore the limitations of these laws, and, finally, suggest some means of overcoming these limitations. PMID:1342778

Natowicz, M R; Alper, J K; Alper, J S

1992-03-01

475

Genetic discrimination and the law.  

PubMed Central

The use of genetic tests can lead to genetic discrimination, discrimination based solely on the nature of an individual's genotype. Instances of the discriminatory uses of genetic tests by employers and insurance companies have already been reported. The recently enacted Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), together with other federal and state laws, can be used to combat some forms of this discrimination. In this article we define and characterize genetic discrimination, discuss the applicability of the various relevant federal and state laws, including the ADA, in the areas of employment and insurance discrimination, explore the limitations of these laws, and, finally, suggest some means of overcoming these limitations.

Natowicz, M R; Alper, J K; Alper, J S

1992-01-01

476

78 FR 3030 - Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Primary Care Business Unit (Sales) Division, East Operating...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Primary Care Business Unit (Sales) Division...Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Primary Care Business Unit (Sales) Division...Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Primary Care Business Unit (Sales)...

2013-01-15

477

77 FR 65581 - Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Primary Care Business Unit (Sales) Division, East Operating...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Primary Care Business Unit (Sales) Division...Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Primary Care Business Unit (Sales) Division...Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Primary Care Business Unit (Sales)...

2012-10-29

478

76 FR 76409 - Meeting of the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION Meeting of the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation Board AGENCY: Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation Board; Regular Meeting. SUMMARY: Notice is...

2011-12-07

479

75 FR 3251 - JP Morgan Chase and Company; JP Morgan Investment Banking, Global Corporate Financial Operations...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Morgan Investment Banking, Global Corporate Financial Operations, New York...Morgan Investment Banking, Global Corporate Financial Operations, New York...Morgan Investment Banking, Global Corporate Financial Operation, New...

2010-01-20

480

78 FR 75633 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Boston Stock Exchange Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...However, in recent years, corporate governance standards have evolved...stockholders' participation in corporate governance. NASDAQ OMX believes that...stockholder concerns about corporate governance. NASDAQ OMX believes...

2013-12-12

481

78 FR 75598 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Stock Clearing Corporation of Philadelphia; Notice of Filing of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...However, in recent years, corporate governance standards have evolved...stockholders' participation in corporate governance. NASDAQ OMX believes that...stockholder concerns about corporate governance. NASDAQ OMX believes...

2013-12-12

482

77 FR 14835 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors; March 22, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION [MCC FR 12-03] Sunshine Act Meeting; Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors; March 22, 2012 AGENCY: Millennium Challenge Corporation. TIME AND DATE: 3...

2012-03-13

483

Corporate interests, philanthropies, and the peace movement.  

PubMed

Corporate and philanthropic involvement in the peace movement is growing. In considering medical peace groups as examples, we have studied the ways that corporate and philanthropic funding have shaped the course of activism. Our methods have included: review of the Foundations Grant Index from 1974-1983; analysis of corporations' and foundations' criteria for grants in the categories of peace, arms control, and disarmament; interviews with leaders of activist organizations and with foundation officials; and our own experiences in the peace movement. Corporate interests in preventing nuclear war stem from a concern for global stability in which world markets may expand, and from a hope to frame issues posed by the peace movement in a way that will not challenge basic structures of power and finance. Several general features make peace groups respectable and attractive to philanthropies; an uncritical stance toward corporate participation in the arms race; a viewpoint that the main danger of nuclear war stems from a profound, bilateral conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union; and a single-issue focus that does not deal with the many related problems reflecting the injustices of capitalism. The two major medical groups working for peace, Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR) and International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), have accomplished many goals; however, their adherence to subtle criteria of respectability and their dependence on philanthropic funding have limited the scope of their activism. The struggle for peace can not succeed without fundamental changes in the corporate system that initiates, maintains, and promotes the arms race. PMID:3957511

Wright, T; Rodriguez, F; Waitzkin, H

1986-01-01

484

Toward information management in corporations (5)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information storage media are basic elements in office automation systems toward information management in corporations. For information manages, it is important to know characteristics of them. But recently, it becomes more and more difficult to know how to utilize the media, because of complicated and fast-moving technical trend in them. So I classify information storage media into paper media, film media, magnetic media, optical media and semiconductor media, and briefly review characteristics, usage, history, technical trend and so on about the each classified one. Then the point of how to make good use of information storage media in corporations is shown.

Sano, Masayuki

485

The Network of Global Corporate Control  

PubMed Central

The structure of the control network of transnational corporations affects global market competition and financial stability. So far, only small national samples were studied and there was no appropriate methodology to assess control globally. We present the first investigation of the architecture of the international ownership network, along with the computation of the control held by each global player. We find that transnational corporations form a giant bow-tie structure and that a large portion of control flows to a small tightly-knit core of financial institutions. This core can be seen as an economic “super-entity” that raises new important issues both for researchers and policy makers.

Vitali, Stefania; Glattfelder, James B.; Battiston, Stefano

2011-01-01

486

The corporate board: confronting the paradoxes.  

PubMed

Corporate governance and the role of boards is a topic hotly debated in boardrooms, associations and media across the industrialized world. However intense, discussions are largely national phenomena due to the widespread belief that boards cannot be compared on an international plane. The authors argue the contrary: that there is a great deal to be learned from such comparisons because boards in different countries are more similar than they are different. Insights are drawn from a four-year study the authors have conducted involving boards from eight countries. The full results have been published earlier this year by Oxford University Press, as The Corporate Board; Confronting the Paradoxes. PMID:10120319

Demb, A; Neubauer, F F

1992-06-01

487

50 CFR 665.936 - International law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false International law. 665.936 Section 665...Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... § 665.936 International law. The regulations in this...accordance with international law. No restrictions...

2013-10-01

488

50 CFR 665.906 - International law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false International law. 665.906 Section 665...Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... § 665.906 International law. The regulations in this...accordance with international law. No restrictions...

2013-10-01

489

50 CFR 665.966 - International law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false International law. 665.966 Section 665...Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... § 665.966 International law. The regulations in this...accordance with international law. No restrictions...

2013-10-01

490

Outer space law: A problem of astronautics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The theory of space law is discussed from the point of view of similarities and differences between hypothetical space law and current (1932) aviation law. International legal aspects and economic and cultural effects are also addressed.

Mandl, V.

1984-01-01

491

76 FR 4369 - Special Law Enforcement Commissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bureau of Indian Affairs Special Law Enforcement Commissions AGENCY: Bureau of...publication of the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Policy, Rules and Procedures, the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Protocols and...

2011-01-25

492

The Law of Attrition  

PubMed Central

In an ongoing effort of this Journal to develop and further the theories, models, and best practices around eHealth research, this paper argues for the need for a “science of attrition”, that is, a need to develop models for discontinuation of eHealth applications and the related phenomenon of participants dropping out of eHealth trials. What I call “law of attrition” here is the observation that in any eHealth trial a substantial proportion of users drop out before completion or stop using the appplication. This feature of eHealth trials is a distinct characteristic compared to, for example, drug trials. The traditional clinical trial and evidence-based medicine paradigm stipulates that high dropout rates make trials less believable. Consequently eHealth researchers tend to gloss over high dropout rates, or not to publish their study results at all, as they see their studies as failures. However, for many eHealth trials, in particular those conducted on the Internet and in particular with self-help applications, high dropout rates may be a natural and typical feature. Usage metrics and determinants of attrition should be highlighted, measured, analyzed, and discussed. This also includes analyzing and reporting the characteristics of the subpopulation for which the application eventually “works”, ie, those who stay in the trial and use it. For the question of what works and what does not, such attrition measures are as important to report as pure efficacy measures from intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses. In cases of high dropout rates efficacy measures underestimate the impact of an application on a population which continues to use it. Methods of analyzing attrition curves can be drawn from survival analysis methods, eg, the Kaplan-Meier analysis and proportional hazards regression analysis (Cox model). Measures to be reported include the relative risk of dropping out or of stopping the use of an application, as well as a “usage half-life”, and models reporting demographic and other factors predicting usage discontinuation in a population. Differential dropout or usage rates between two interventions could be a standard metric for the “usability efficacy” of a system. A “run-in and withdrawal” trial design is suggested as a methodological innovation for Internet-based trials with a high number of initial dropouts/nonusers and a stable group of hardcore users.

2005-01-01

493

Current Aspects of Sea Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Following introductory remarks by S. W. Wurfel are the following studies: The United States Draft Seabed Convention--background, interests represented, and prospects for agreement; The Stockholm Conference--some implications for the law of the sea; Develo...

S. W. Wurfel

1974-01-01

494

Grimm's Law: Fact or Myth?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses phonic shifting or sound shifts through an examination of Grimm's Law, or the Germanic Consonant Shift. The discussion includes comments on why the phonic shift developed and its pattern. (10 references) (GLR)

Gessman, Albert M.

1990-01-01

495

Friction laws for lubricated nanocontacts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have used friction force microscopy to probe friction laws for nanoasperities sliding on atomically flat substrates under controlled atmosphere and liquid environment, respectively. A power law relates friction force and normal load in dry air, whereas a linear relationship, i.e., Amontons' law, is observed for junctions fully immersed in model lubricants, namely, octamethylciclotetrasiloxane and squalane. Lubricated contacts display a remarkable friction reduction, with liquid and substrate specific friction coefficients. Comparison with molecular dynamics simulations suggests that load-bearing boundary layers at junction entrance cause the appearance of Amontons' law and impart atomic-scale character to the sliding process; continuum friction models are on the contrary of limited predictive power when applied to lubrication effects. An attempt is done to define general working conditions leading to the manifestation of nanoscale lubricity due to adsorbed boundary layers.

Buzio, R.; Boragno, C.; Valbusa, U.

2006-09-01

496

Lawyers Admin Law: Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study guide is intended to be a convenient reference for use by Navy and Marine Corps personnel on civil law subjects. Those subjects include, inter alia, JAG Manual investigations, enlisted administrative separations, officer personnel matters, rela...

1999-01-01

497

The brain and the law.  

PubMed Central

Much has been written about how law as an institution has developed to solve many problems that human societies face. Inherent in all of these explanations are models of how humans make decisions. This article discusses what current neuroscience research tells us about the mechanisms of human decision making of particular relevance to law. This research indicates that humans are both more capable of solving many problems than standard economic models predict, but also limited in ways those models ignore. This article discusses how law is both shaped by our cognitive processes and also shapes them. The article considers some of the implications of this research for improving our understanding of how our current legal regimes operate and how the law can be structured to take advantage of our neural mechanisms to improve social welfare.

Chorvat, Terrence; McCabe, Kevin

2004-01-01

498

External Resource: Kepler's Second Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article explains Kepler's Second Law : the velocity of an object orbiting a single center varies around its orbit. Topics: ellipse, orbit, symmetrical, perigee, perihelion, radius vector, kinetic energy, and potential energy.

1900-01-01

499

Mendel's Laws of Genetic Inheritance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive activity, adapted from the Dolan DNA Learning Center, uses Punnett squares to illustrate Mendel's laws of inheritance and how a particular gene combination results in a 3-to-1 ratio of dominant-to-recessive traits.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2007-04-19

500

Law of the Minimum paradoxes.  

PubMed

The "Law of the Minimum" states that growth is controlled by the scarcest resource (limiting factor). This concept was originally applied to plant or crop growth (Justus von Liebig, 1840, Salisbury, Plant physiology, 4th edn., Wadsworth, Belmont, 1992) and quantitatively supported by many experiments. Some generalizations based on more complicated "dose-response" curves were proposed. Violations of this law in natural and experimental ecosystems were also reported. We study models of adaptation in ensembles of similar organisms under load of environmental factors and prove that violation of Liebig's law follows from adaptation effects. If the fitness of an organism in a fixed environment satisfies the Law of the Minimum then adaptation equalizes the pressure of essential factors and, therefore, acts against the Liebig's law. This is the the Law of the Minimum paradox: if for a randomly chosen pair "organism-environment" the Law of the Minimum typically holds, then in a well-adapted system, we have to expect violations of this law.For the opposite interaction of factors (a synergistic system of factors which amplify each other), adaptation leads from factor equivalence to limitations by a smaller number of factors.For analysis of adaptation, we develop a system of models based on Selye's idea of the universal adaptation resource (adaptation energy). These models predict that under the load of an environmental factor a population separates into two groups (phases): a less correlated, well adapted group and a highly correlated group with a larger variance of attributes, which experiences problems with adaptation. Some empirical data are presented and evidences of interdisciplinary applications to econometrics are discussed. PMID:21088995

Gorban, Alexander N; Pokidysheva, Lyudmila I; Smirnova, Elena V; Tyukina, Tatiana A

2011-09-01