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1

The Place of Workers in Corporate Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article critiques the low place of workers within corporate law doctrine. Corporate law, as it is traditionally taught, is primarily about shareholders, boards of directors, and managers, and the relationships among them. This is despite the fact that workers provide an essential input to a corporation's productive activities, and that the success of the business enterprise quite often turns

Kent Greenfield

1998-01-01

2

The Place of Workers in Corporate Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article critiques the low place of workers within corporate law doctrine. Corporate law, as it is traditionally taught, is primarily about shareholders, boards of directors, and managers, and the relationships among them. This is despite the fact that workers provide an essential input to a corporation's productive activities, and that the success of the business enterprise quite often turns

Kent Greenfield

2001-01-01

3

HARVARD LAW SCHOOL Program on Corporate Governance  

E-print Network

financing from the Harvard Law School John M. Olin Center for Law, Economics, and Business, and it remains. & Ehud Kamar, "Bundling and Entrenchment," 123 Harvard Law Review 7, 1551-1595 (May 2010). BebchukHARVARD LAW SCHOOL Program on Corporate Governance Report of Activities, July 1, 2009 ­ June 30

Wolfe, Patrick J.

4

12 CFR 1710.10 - Law applicable to corporate governance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Law applicable to corporate governance. 1710.10 Section 1710.10 ...DEVELOPMENT SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Corporate Practices and Procedures § 1710.10 Law applicable to corporate governance. (a) General. The...

2010-01-01

5

Law and Legal Theory in the History of Corporate Responsibility: Corporate Personhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper, part of a larger scholarly project, addresses one of four areas – i.e., the emergence of corporate personhood – where, historically, law has both influenced and mirrored cultural expectations concerning corporate responsibility. The other areas (treated elsewhere) are corporate purpose, corporate regulation, and corporate governance. Corporate personhood is a subject of longstanding and recurring interest that, notwithstanding it

Lyman P. Q. Johnson

2012-01-01

6

Russian Corporate Governance Code: Law and Economic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article deals with the analysis of the Russian Corporate Governance Code, which was adopted by the Government of Russian Federation on November 28, 2001. The research is based on law and economic methods and touches upon the problems of corporate regulations creation and the Corporate Governance Code implementation process. Two basic concepts concerning corporate regulations and the problem of

K. SAVITSKY

2002-01-01

7

Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency  

E-print Network

............................................................................1035 We might say that today, especially in the United States, we are experiencing the painful effects of an orthodox faith in economy as universal law, that is, in the free market as the law of the universe as consumers, life as management, and children as investments. The success of neoliberal visions of law

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

8

HARVARD LAW SCHOOL Program on Corporate Governance  

E-print Network

, Mark Roe, and Guhan Subramanian. The program also has an advisory board, which consists of Peter Atkins Mahoney, jomahoney@law.harvard.edu. A great deal of information about the program is available at its in 2003 with seed financing from the Harvard Law School John M. Olin Center for Law, Economics

Wolfe, Patrick J.

9

HARVARD LAW SCHOOL Program on Corporate Governance  

E-print Network

of Peter Atkins, Joseph Bachelder, Isaac Corré, John Finley, Byron S. Georgiou, Robert Mendelsohn, Theodore was established in 2003 with seed financing from the Harvard Law School John M. Olin Center for Law, Economics described below; the Program plans to have activities in all these areas during 2008-2009. A great deal

Wolfe, Patrick J.

10

HARVARD LAW SCHOOL Program on Corporate Governance  

E-print Network

Subramanian. The program also has an advisory board, which consists of Peter Atkins, Joseph Bachelder, Isaac administrative assistant is Julie McBride, jumcbride@law.harvard.edu . A great deal of information about for Law, Economics, and Business, and it remains affiliated with the Center. During 2006-2007 the Program

Wolfe, Patrick J.

11

HARVARD LAW SCHOOL Program on Corporate Governance  

E-print Network

of Peter Atkins, Joseph Bachelder, Isaac Corré, John Finley, Byron S. Georgiou, Robert Mendelsohn, Theodore was established in 2003 with seed financing from the Harvard Law School John M. Olin Center for Law, Economics described below; the Program plans to have activities in all these areas during 2009-2010. A great deal

Wolfe, Patrick J.

12

Varieties of Employee Ownership: Some Unintended Consequences of Corporate Law and Labor Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories of employee ownership implicitly assume that its essential features are the same in all countries. In fact, employee ownership varies considerably across institutional environments. In this paper, I compare its development in the United States, Germany, and Sweden to show that the institutional background - in particular, the existing bodies of corporate and labor law - against which a

Aditi Bagchi

2007-01-01

13

Saturday 21 June 09:30 Corporate and Business Taxation. European Business Regulation (the law of the EU's internal market).  

E-print Network

Saturday 21 June 09:30 Corporate and Business Taxation. European Business Regulation (the law. Corporate Insolvency Law. Friday 04 July 09:30 Constitutional Theory. The Law of Personal Taxation. E. J. F

Oxford, University of

14

Company Law and Corporate Governance Renewal in Transition Economies: The Bulgarian Dilemma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of company law and corporate governance structures is to provide rules and secure efficient functioning of decision-making mechanisms that maximise the value of enterprises and safeguard interests of various stakeholders. Company laws and corporate governance models in different countries have evolved in specific historical, cultural, market and legal conditions that prevent their direct transplantation elsewhere. Assessing available

BORIS Z. MARINOV; BRUCE A. HEIMAN

1998-01-01

15

Do all networks facilitate international commerce? US law firms and the international market for corporate control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper estimates the effects of several American law firms' international networks of offices on the total value of overseas mergers and acquisitions (M&A) by US corporations. Nowadays many nations can review proposed mergers and US law firms help clients overcome such regulatory hurdles, effectively greasing the market for corporate control. However, they can also oppose transactions that are inimical

Simon J. Evenett

2003-01-01

16

The Public Choice Problem in Corporate Law: Corporate Social Responsibility After Citizens United  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Supreme Court recently held in Citizens United v. Federal Elections Commission (2010) that the First Amendment forbids Congress from restricting the political speech of corporations. While corporate theory did little to inform the Court’s thinking in Citizens United, this Article argues that the holding in Citizens United requires us to rethink corporate theory. The shareholder primacy norm in American

David Yosifon

2011-01-01

17

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: Law, Regulations and Related Acts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The complete text of the FDIC's Law, Regulations and Related Acts (Rules and Regulations), complete with interactive search capability, is now available. Policy statements approved by the FDIC Board of Directors, selected General Counsel opinions, legal advisory opinions, consumer laws and regulations related to banking, and selected Federal Reserve regulations are also part of the service.

1998-01-01

18

Transfer Pricing – Business Incentives, International Taxation and Corporate Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transfer pricing is relevant in three different contexts: From a managerial perspective, intra-firm transfer prices are employed to set incentives for sub-divisional managers to enhance efficient allocation of resources. From an international tax perspective, transfer pricing rules under the arm's length standard serve as a means to allocate profits to corporate entities within a multinational enterprise and to allocate taxing

Wolfgang Schoen

2011-01-01

19

Of Enterprise Principles & Corporate Groups: Does Corporate Law Reach Human Rights?  

E-print Network

In recent years, a number of international and cross-sectoral initiatives have attempted to respond to the human rights impacts of corporations. Foremost among these is the United Nations’ 2008 “Protect, Respect, and Remedy” ...

Harper Ho, Virginia E.

2013-03-01

20

Betrayal as Market Barrier: Identity-Based Limits to Diversification among High-Status Corporate Law Firms  

E-print Network

Why are some diversified market identities problematic but others are not? We examine this question in the context of high-status corporate law firms, which often diversify into one low-status area of work—family law ...

Phillips, Damon J.

21

A Comparative Analysis of the Corporal Punishment of Children: An Exploration of Human Rights and U.S. Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a comparative perspective, this paper explores two approaches to child\\/adult relationships and the practice of corporal punishment: a human rights perspective and a traditional perspective reflected in U.S. law. Source material for our analysis draws on statutes, court decisions, and human rights conventions relating to the status of children and corporal punishment. Legislation and case law reflecting each perspective

Lucien X. Lombardo; Karen A. Polonko

2005-01-01

22

MARSH MUNDORF PRATT SULLIVAN & McKENZIE ATTORNEYS AT LAW A PROFESSIONAL SERVICE CORPORATION  

E-print Network

MARSH MUNDORF PRATT SULLIVAN & McKENZIE ATTORNEYS AT LAW � A PROFESSIONAL SERVICE CORPORATION. PRATT MILL CREEK, WA 98012 WILLIAM R. SULLIVAN (425) 742-4545 PATRICK K. McKENZIE FAX: (425) 745-6060 DAVID N. JOLLY e-mail: terrym@millcreeklaw.com KARL F. HAUSMANN December 12, 2003 Mark Walker Director

23

Signaling Social Responsibility: On the Law and Economics of Market Incentives for Corporate Environmental Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the law and economics of market internalization: the capability of markets to both penalize and reward firms for their environmental, health and safety performance.\\u000aAs for market sticks, the article maintains that market transactions - both private and public sales of corporate assets as well as transactions in publicly traded securities - are an important avenue through

Jason Scott Johnston

2005-01-01

24

Law 665:Y5 -Corporate Taxation 2007 MARKING MATRIX Code No.: _________________________ QUESTION 11 -Hypothetical Facts -30 marks  

E-print Network

Law 665:Y5 - Corporate Taxation 2007 MARKING MATRIX Code No.: _________________________ QUESTION 11): shares may be issued after end of taxation year s. 83(2): a corp. may elect to pay a capital dividend

MacMillan, Andrew

25

Hierarchical rank and women's organizational mobility: glass ceilings in corporate law firms.  

PubMed

This article revives the debate over whether women's upward mobility prospects decline as they climb organizational hierarchies. Although this proposition is a core element of the "glass ceiling" metaphor, it has failed to gain strong support in previous research. The article establishes a firm theoretical foundation for expecting an increasing female disadvantage, with an eye toward defining the scope conditions and extending the model to upper-level external hires. The approach is illustrated in an empirical setting that meets the proposed scope conditions: corporate law firms in the United States. Results confirm that in this setting, the female mobility disadvantage is greater at higher organizational levels in the case of internal promotions, but not in the case of external hires. PMID:19824313

Gorman, Elizabeth H; Kmec, Julie A

2009-03-01

26

Corporate Social Responsibility and Mining Finance Law Panel Panel 1: Thursday September 26th, 12:30 -2:00 Moot Court Room  

E-print Network

Corporate Social Responsibility and Mining Finance Law Panel Panel 1: Thursday September 26th, 12 Law Moderator: Sara Seck Panelists: Christopher Nicholls, Stephen Dattels Chair in Corporate Finance_43-705_rpt-tech-rpt-mining-issuers.pdf Changing expectations in relation to environmental and social

Lennard, William N.

27

Corporate Environmental Social Responsibility: Corporate \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the extent to which unenforceable voluntary initiatives undertaken by corporations can change corporate behavior to make businesses more environmentally responsible, i.e. not only comply with the law, but to do more than the law actually requires of them. These initiatives, loosely gathered under the umbrella of a movement called corporate social responsibility (CSR), are often proposed

Hope M. Babcock

2010-01-01

28

The Corporate Social Responsibility Movement and Law's Empire: Is there a Conflict?  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the heart of corporate governance and social responsibility discourse is recognition of the fact that the modern corporation is primarily governed by the profit maximisation imperative coupled with moral and ethical concerns that such a limited imperative drives the actions of large and wealthy corporations which have the ability to act in influential and significant ways, shaping how our

Irene Lynch Fannon

29

Law 665:Y5 -Corporate Taxation 2005 MARKING MATRIX Student: _________________________ QUESTION 1 -Association & SBC -35 marks Planning to avoid high tax rate in 2005  

E-print Network

Law 665:Y5 - Corporate Taxation 2005 MARKING MATRIX Student: _________________________ QUESTION 1 are associated for even one 1 Duha Printers: "effective control" may derive from USA 1 day in a taxation year

MacMillan, Andrew

30

Research Students in the Centre for Business Law and Practice (as at October 2013) Abdullah AI-Oraini Disclosure and Corporate Governance in Saudi Arabia  

E-print Network

Azri Foreign Investment in the Sultanate of Oman; Legal Challenges Muath Almajed Islamic Project Finance Abdulaziz The law of Finance Lease Contracts Ayman Alharbi The Board of Directors and Corporate Governance

Berzins, M.

31

A moral law for the jungle: a Kantian exploration in corporate environmental ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost global acknowledgement of environmental crisis and social inequity suggest a secular revision of Kantian moral philosophy embracing sustainability. By eschewing subjective preferences as the foundation of morality Kant avoids an aspect of corporate responsibility that has otherwise proved intractable. Corporations, as artificial and disembodied agents, cannot depend on desires or intuitions to guide their actions. Kant's moral theory avoids

Fabian P. D. Sack

2005-01-01

32

Law Reform, Corporal Punishment and Child Abuse: The Case of Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 70 years, Sweden has implemented a series of proactive legal reforms aimed at eliminating the corporal punishment of children in homes, schools and institutions. The most recent of these reforms took place in 1979 when Sweden became the first nation to explicitly abolish corporal punishment. The primary purposes of the ban were to recognize and affirm children's

Joan E. Durrant; Staffan Janson

2005-01-01

33

The Purpose of the Corporation in Business and Law School Curricula. Governance Studies at Brookings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most of American history, businesses were run to provide livelihoods and "reasonable" profit. In the last few decades, though, business and society in general have moved toward emphasizing profit maximization and individual self-interest. The shift from "reasonable profit" to profit maximization has significant implications for corporate

West, Darrell M.

2011-01-01

34

Corporal Punishment in Schools: Reading the Law. NOLPE Monograph Series, No. 48.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Views about corporal punishment in schools are changing. Some seek a return to accountability, authority, and increased order in schools, while others seek to make schools a sanctuary from social violence, especially violence against children. Local school boards often are criticized as being too lenient or too severe, and more state legislatures…

Hyman, Ronald T.; Rathbone, Charles H.

35

12 CFR 1511.2 - Law governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights of any Person against the Funding Corporation and the Federal Reserve...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY RESOLUTION FUNDING CORPORATION BOOK-ENTRY...

2012-01-01

36

12 CFR 1511.2 - Law governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights of any Person against the Funding Corporation and the Federal Reserve...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY RESOLUTION FUNDING CORPORATION BOOK-ENTRY...

2010-01-01

37

12 CFR 1511.2 - Law governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights of any Person against the Funding Corporation and the Federal Reserve...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY RESOLUTION FUNDING CORPORATION BOOK-ENTRY...

2013-01-01

38

12 CFR 1511.2 - Law governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights of any Person against the Funding Corporation and the Federal Reserve...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY RESOLUTION FUNDING CORPORATION BOOK-ENTRY...

2011-01-01

39

12 CFR 1511.2 - Law governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights...  

...governing rights and obligations of the Funding Corporation and Federal Reserve Banks; rights of any Person against the Funding Corporation and the Federal Reserve...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY RESOLUTION FUNDING CORPORATION BOOK-ENTRY...

2014-01-01

40

Multinational Corporations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The corporation; Relations with home and host governments; Economic impact--(Balance of payments, Foreign economic policy, Foreign economic relations); Political impact (Expropriation, Foreign policy, Foreign relations, International law).

1975-01-01

41

The Constitutional Validity of the Corporal Punishment Defence in Canada: A Critical Analysis of Canadian Foundation for Children, Youth and the Law Versus Canada (Attorney General)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Canadian Foundation for Children, Youth and the Law Versus Canada the Supreme Court rejected the Foundation's arguments that the corporal punishment defence denies children rights that are guaranteed to them under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The author argues that among the unfortunate aspects of the Court's decision is the extent to which it identifies the perpetrators

Mark Carter

2005-01-01

42

United States of America v. Microsoft Corporation, Conclusions of Law and Order  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Monday, US District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson announced his decision that Microsoft had violated antitrust laws by stifling competition in the Internet browser market and "unlawfully tying its Web browser" to Windows. The 46-page Conclusions of Law and Order, placed online in HTML or .pdf format by the US District Court for the District of Columbia, affirms Jackson's November ruling that the company is a monopoly that has bullied competitors and squelched innovation, hurting US consumers in the process. The Conclusion came a few days after extended settlement talks between the software company and the government broke down. A settlement is still possible, but if no agreement is reached then Judge Jackson must decide what penalty to impose; possibilites include forcing Microsoft to share its source code or even breaking up the company. Any penalty, however, will be delayed by years as the case works its way through the appeal process.

43

Scaling-laws of human broadcast communication enable distinction between human, corporate and robot Twitter users.  

PubMed

Human behaviour is highly individual by nature, yet statistical structures are emerging which seem to govern the actions of human beings collectively. Here we search for universal statistical laws dictating the timing of human actions in communication decisions. We focus on the distribution of the time interval between messages in human broadcast communication, as documented in Twitter, and study a collection of over 160,000 tweets for three user categories: personal (controlled by one person), managed (typically PR agency controlled) and bot-controlled (automated system). To test our hypothesis, we investigate whether it is possible to differentiate between user types based on tweet timing behaviour, independently of the content in messages. For this purpose, we developed a system to process a large amount of tweets for reality mining and implemented two simple probabilistic inference algorithms: 1. a naive Bayes classifier, which distinguishes between two and three account categories with classification performance of 84.6% and 75.8%, respectively and 2. a prediction algorithm to estimate the time of a user's next tweet with an R(2) ? 0.7. Our results show that we can reliably distinguish between the three user categories as well as predict the distribution of a user's inter-message time with reasonable accuracy. More importantly, we identify a characteristic power-law decrease in the tail of inter-message time distribution by human users which is different from that obtained for managed and automated accounts. This result is evidence of a universal law that permeates the timing of human decisions in broadcast communication and extends the findings of several previous studies of peer-to-peer communication. PMID:23843945

Tavares, Gabriela; Faisal, Aldo

2013-01-01

44

LLM in Corporate Responsibility  

E-print Network

LLM in Corporate Social Responsibility As traditional forms of legal regulation through company law or trade law fail, the concept of corporate social responsibility is becoming increasingly important http://stir.ac.uk/7v #12;Why study for an LLM in Corporate Social Responsibility ? As traditional forms of legal

Little, Tony

45

(Not) Advising Corporate Officers about Fiduciary Duties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article explores the intersection of an important, unresolved corporate law issue and an overlooked professional responsibility issue persistently arising in the corporate milieu. The corporate law question currently unaddressed in Delaware law is whether the fiduciary duties of corporate officers, as agents, are the same as, or different from, the fiduciary duties of corporate directors. A related question is

Lyman P. Q. Johnson; Robert V. Ricca

2007-01-01

46

Beyond Regulation: A Comparative Look at State-Centric Corporate Social Responsibility and the Law in China  

E-print Network

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is often understood as voluntary actions firms take beyond legal compliance. However, in recent years, governments around the world have also begun to actively promote CSR, reflecting broader governance trends...

Harper Ho, Virginia E.

2012-01-01

47

EMPLOYMENT AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION: BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS -BUSINESS LAW  

E-print Network

; partnership law - corporations as legal structures that facilitate business - taxation law and taxation rulings by the Australian Taxation Office - corporate criminality - employment law issues - the regulation services, taxation, intellectual property, trade practices and environmental law · Knowledge of good

Albrecht, David

48

Nonprofit Housing Corporation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report consists of an explanation of the incorporation process as set up under Georgia Law, details concerning various Federal Housing Programs, an analysis of the existing nonprofit housing corporation in Georgia, and recommendations for establishing...

1972-01-01

49

Photocopying by Corporate Libraries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document consists of a nummary discussion of the relevant sections of the new copyright law--Section 107, fair use, and Section 108, reproduction by libraries and archives--supplementary guidelines for corporate libraries developed by the Association...

1978-01-01

50

Centre for Business Law & Practice School of Law  

E-print Network

, corporate (general core company law as well as corporate governance and corporate finance), employment, and corporate and economic crime (including money laundering and the financing of terrorism). One of the primary reputation for quality in research and teaching, a degree from the University of Leeds, both undergraduate

Berzins, M.

51

Faculty Scholarship Georgetown Law Faculty Lectures and  

E-print Network

, encompassing, among other subjects, civil rights law, civil liberties law, environmental protection, international human rights, consumer protection, poverty law, employees' rights, national security, gay rights, education law, election reform, the rights of criminal defendants, corporate reform, children's rights

Zhou, Pei

52

Corporate Responsibility and Reform. Teaching with the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the law related to public corporations and addresses who holds the responsibility for informing the corporate investors about the corporation. Reports on the different reforms that are needed and includes a list of useful teaching resources. (CMK)

Landman, James H.

2002-01-01

53

Corporate marketing : Integrating corporate identity, corporate branding, corporate communications, corporate image and corporate reputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aims of the paper are to examine the nascent area of corporate marketing. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws on some of the key literature relating to the history of marketing thought. Findings – The study reiterates the case that corporate identity, corporate branding, corporate communications, and corporate reputation should be integrated under the umbrella title of corporate

John M. T. Balmer; Stephen A. Greyser

2006-01-01

54

THE CASE AGAINST CORPORAL PUNISHMENT OF CHILDREN: Converging Evidence From Social Science Research and International Human Rights Law and Implications for U.S. Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although support for corporal punishment of children remains widespread in the United States, there is a substantial body of research from psychology and its allied disciplines indicating corporal punishment is ineffective as a disciplinary practice and can have unintended negative effects on children. At the same time, there is a growing momentum among other countries to enact legal bans on

Elizabeth T. Gershoff; Susan H. Bitensky

2007-01-01

55

Is Corporate Criminal Liability Unique?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critics of corporate criminal liability argue that federal criminal law is far too broad, sanctions are imposed without fault, federal sentences are too harsh, and, finally, that federal prosecutors have too much power. This article makes two points about these critiques. First, although there is merit to each of these arguments, they cannot be limited to corporate criminal liability. Rather,

Sara S. Beale

2008-01-01

56

THREE OBSTACLES TO THE PROMOTION OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY BY MEANS OF THE ALIEN TORT CLAIMS ACT: The Sosa Court's Incoherent Conception of the Law of Nations, the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ATCA could be a powerful tool to promote corporate CSR, especially in developing countries where local legal restraints are weak. But despite the good normative reasons why the ATCA should be used in this way, serious obstacles remain. The Supreme Court's ahistorical and incoherent formulation of the \\

David A. Dana; Michael Barsa

2010-01-01

57

Global Perspectives on Income Taxation Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Global Perspectives on Income Taxation Law, Reuven Avi-Yonah, Nicola Sartori, and Omri Marian cover basic, corporate and international tax law from a comparative perspective. The book both supplements readings in US tax law courses and serves as a textbook for a comparative tax law class. The book starts with a theoretical analysis of the field of comparative tax law.

Reuven Avi-Yonah; Nicola Sartori; Omri Marian

58

Piercing the Veil’s Effect on Corporate Human Rights Violations & International Corporate Crime (Human Trafficking, Slavery, etc)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate limited liability laws (CLL) [the corporate veil (tCV)] is a major obstacle for implementation of UN and other covenants’ prevention and jurisprudence ex ante and ex post facto Corporate Human Rights Violations (CHRV) and International Corporate Crime (ICrC). I.d. aggregates the inability of States and International Bodies to farther establish unified e.g., Lex Non Scripta common law with adjudicative

2011-01-01

59

Corporate Crime Reporter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published since 1986, the Corporate Crime Reporter is a legal newsletter that highlights recent news items about ongoing corporate crime prosecutions, along with featuring interviews with prominent attorneys who work in this rather intriguing field of law practice. The interview section is quite interesting as users can read long-form interviews with major players such as Dan Webb (who was a prosecutor in the Iran-Contra Affair) and Neil Getnick, who prosecuted the Bayer corporation after it was suspected they bilked Medicaid out of approximately $100 million. Visitors can also view various related documents, such as the indictment of Martha Stewart and a Justice Department memo regarding the federal prosecution of business organizations. The site is rounded out by several reports on the top 10 white-collar crime defense lawyers and the top 100 corporate criminals of the 1990s. Overall, the site will be of great interest to legal professionals, or those who are interested in learning more about the complex world of corporate crime in the United States.

60

Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Citizenship: Towards Corporate Accountability  

Microsoft Academic Search

f you were a newcomer in the field of business and social issues and you started browsing academic literature, surely you would be bewildered by a number of different terms and definitions that imply similar or identical meanings: corporate social responsi- bility, public responsibility, corporate social responsibilities, corporate societal responsibility, corporate social responsiveness, corporate social performance, corporate citizenship, business citizenship,

CARMEN VALOR

2005-01-01

61

Corporal Punishment  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is vital to study and understand the underlying conditions that support and maintain the almost universal positive attitudes about the use of corporal punishment with children. Corporal punishment is a form of violence against children that affects child development and may possibly be a link to later violent behavior. Currently, the scientific community is in great debate regarding the

Carolyn Hilarski

2004-01-01

62

Corporal punishment.  

PubMed

Pediatricians differ on the optimal ways to discipline children. The major controversy surrounds the use of corporal punishment. In an effort to resolve this controversy, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) cosponsored a conference entitled "The Short and Long-Term Consequences of Corporal Punishment" in February 1996. This article reviews scientific literature on corporal punishment and summarizes the proceedings from the conference. The authors conclude that, although the research data are inadequate to resolve the controversy, there are areas of consensus. Practitioners should assess the spanking practices of the parent they see and counsel parents to avoid those that are, by AAP consensus, dangerous, ineffective, or abusive. PMID:9568019

Bauman, L J; Friedman, S B

1998-04-01

63

Toshiba Corporation  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses how Toshiba Corporation has been involved in research for fusion nuclear technology since the 1960s. The authors focus on studies for high heat flux components, remote systems technology, fuel circulation systems, and safety analysis.

Sawada, Y.; Kakizawa, K. (Toshiba Corp., Heavy Apparatus Engineering Lab., 2-4 Suehiro, Tsurumi Yokohama 230 (JP))

1990-03-01

64

Corporate Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Gregory Regnery has put together an extensive list of sites with information on corporations from around the world. The aim of the site is to allow people to find information about a particular company quickly. Hence, the web sites featured here consist mainly of business directories and stock exchanges. Both domestic and international sources of corporate information are available; resources are sorted by country. This web site also contains a list of definitions for security identifiers and company extensions used by other countries.

Regnery, George M.

1998-01-01

65

The Constitution and the Corporation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporations wielding greater power than many states and some nations make decisions having far greater implications for communities than do the local laws governing those communities. It is speculated that the constitutional framers may have provided checks, balances and constraints for them as they did for government if their potential power had…

Henning, Joel F.

1973-01-01

66

Integrating International Business Law Concepts into a High School Business Law Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines international business content for a high school business law curriculum: history of international business law, World Trade Organization, international disputes, contracts and sales, financing/banking, currency, taxation, intellectual property, transportation, and multinational corporations. Considers whether to teach international…

Golden, Cathleen J.; McDonald, Michael L.

1998-01-01

67

Corporal punishment.  

PubMed

Corporal punishment is used for discipline in most homes in the United States. It is also associated with a long list of adverse developmental, behavioral, and health-related consequences. Primary care providers, as trusted sources for parenting information, have an opportunity to engage parents in discussions about discipline as early as infancy. These discussions should focus on building parents' skills in the use of other behavioral techniques, limiting (or eliminating) the use of corporal punishment and identifying additional resources as needed. PMID:25242709

Zolotor, Adam J

2014-10-01

68

Chinese Business Law Postgraduate  

E-print Network

writing · Methodologies · Methodologies for comparative legal research China's legal system 4 1 · Legal-Operate-Transfer) & variants · Entry modes Chinese tax law 6 2 · Corporate taxation · Individual taxation · VAT Chinese customs to unexpected circumstances. ** ECTS: European Credit Transfer and accumulation System *** SEM: Semester #12

Einmahl, Uwe

69

Climate Change, Corporate Strategy, and Corporate Law Duties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although greenhouse-gas management now ranks among the world’s great challenges, this status did not obtain instantly—or easily. Today, however, reservations about the validity of global warming as a major threat are fading. They are fading, appropriately, as rapidly as some ice sheets and glaciers are melting. Indeed, the steady flow of new, compelling evidence joins an already considerable base of

Perry E. Wallace

2009-01-01

70

Law without Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider a model for spacetime in which there is an ubiquitous background Dark Energy which is the Zero Point Field. This is further modeled in terms of a Weiner process that leads to a Random or Brownian characterization. Nevertheless we are able to recover meaningful physics, very much in the spirit of Wheeler's Law without Law, that is laws

B. G. Sidharth

2007-01-01

71

Long-tail liability law reform.  

PubMed

There is a need for the law to evolve so that corporations are obliged to make proper provision for liabilities to unascertained future creditors. However, implementation of long-tail liabilities is far from straightforward and has many repercussions for both corporations and personal injury law. In October 2005 the Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasurer requested the Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee to consider a "referred proposal" designed to achieve comprehensive and principled law reform. Analysis of the referred proposal reveals many shortcomings, a number of which have been addressed by the Committee in its June 2007 Discussion Paper, Long-Tail Liabilities: The Treatment of Unascertained Future Personal Injury Claims. This editorial urges further and reflective analysis of the referred proposal and of the Committee's tentative suggestions in order to achieve a balance among the entitlements of unascertained future creditors, other known creditors, shareholders, corporations' financial viability, and the conceptual integrity of corporations law. PMID:18035836

Freckelton, Ian

2007-10-01

72

Corporate Salvation or Damnation? Proposed New Federal Legislation on Selective Waiver  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, critics have attacked federal law enforcement policies that encourage corporate targets to disclose sensitive information protected by the corporate attorney-client privilege and work-product doctrine, arguing that the policies are coercive, fundamentally unfair, and destined to chill the free flow of information to corporate counsel. The most readily apparent collateral consequence of these policies, however, has been corporations' loss of

Liesa L. Richter

2007-01-01

73

HARVARD LAW SCHOOL Program on Corporate Governance  

E-print Network

Paper No. 683 (December 2010). Bebchuk, Lucian, Martijn Cremers and Urs Peyer, "The CEO Pay Slice Grinstein and Urs Peyer, "Lucky CEOs and Lucky Directors," 65 Journal of Finance 2363-2401 (2010). Bebchuk-117 (2010). Bebchuk, Lucian, "How to Fix Bankers Pay," 139 Daedalus 52-60 (2010). Bebchuk, Lucian, Alma

Wolfe, Patrick J.

74

Essays in financial regulation and corporate law  

E-print Network

In the first essay, we investigate which provisions, among a set of twenty-four governance provisions followed by the Investor Responsibility Research Center (IRRC), are correlated with firm value and stockholder returns. ...

Ferrell, Frank Allen

2005-01-01

75

Kansas corporation law relating to accounting  

E-print Network

e?istsnce, @ 'fho ere?sory Ooysrtnent hse not ?XXoset snortisaticn of organisation expense? fcr inccno tax ynryoees. &Corslet~ X%p Suyylsoent to Oen, Statntes of X935~ Sec? X7 4309, ~Paten& Acconntant~? Han%ekq 30 E4iticn&, y. QSi Johnscny... erst~io chaxgss ~t inocao should Ls aad? over tho rsasining estinated life. , The anount of ths peiodio aria niO ho diffioult to establish booauos the tins factor is son?shat indotsrcdnate, Paten states the follusing general mlei Organitati05...

Letbetter, Thomas Doyle

2012-06-07

76

Law without Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider a model for spacetime in which there is an ubiquitous background\\u000aDark Energy which is the Zero Point Field. This is further modeled in terms of\\u000aa Weiner process that leads to a Random or Brownian characterization.\\u000aNevertheless we are able to recover meaningful physics, very much in the spirit\\u000aof Wheeler's Law without Law, that is laws

B. G. Sidharth; B. M. Birla; Adarsh Nagar

2007-01-01

77

26 CFR 1.1361-2 - Definitions relating to S corporation subsidiaries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Small Business Corporations...Shareholders § 1.1361-2 Definitions relating to S corporation...general principles of tax law but would satisfy the definition of straight debt...

2010-04-01

78

Geron Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Geron Corporation is a biopharmaceutical company specializing in therapeutic and diagnostic products for age-related diseases. Geron owns several telomerase related patents. Calvin B. Harley of Geron is one of the co-authors of the Science article. Their page describes programs and products related to cellular aging and Cancer Therapeutics. There has been a recent finding regarding telomerase, a gene which affects the mechanisms controlling human cell replication. The site above provides general information on telomerase, current telomere research, and the use of telemorase in medical practice. Telomerase increases the life-span of a cell, and is thus central to both aging and cancer.

1998-01-01

79

Antecedents of corporate volunteerism  

E-print Network

of organizations are leading to a growing interest in corporate social responsibility among management and researchers. One method to achieving greater corporate social responsibility is corporate-sponsored volunteering. Many benefits have been associated...

Henning, Jaime Blaine

2009-05-15

80

Theories of Corporate Groups: Corporate Identity Reconceived  

E-print Network

Theoretical debates about the nature of the corporation have raged for over a century, with competing visions of the corporation holding sway in different regulatory arenas and each making claims for normative supremacy. ...

Harper Ho, Virginia E.

2012-06-17

81

LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, & CULTURECULTURECULTURE  

E-print Network

LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, & CULTURECULTURECULTURE The Law, History, and Culture specific legal issues through a humanistic lens. Opportunities for Students Phi Alpha Theta: This history honor society seeks to bring students, teachers, and writers of history together for intellectual

Rohs, Remo

82

Managing Corporate Image and Corporate Reputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concepts of corporate reputation and corporate identity represent a relatively new and supplemental lens through which top management can address the strategic issues facing their firm. To help guide the thinking of senior executives in managing their organization’s reputation and image, the authors present a pragmatic operational model. The model shows that in addition to an understanding of corporate

Edmund R. Gray; John M. T. Balmer

1998-01-01

83

International Law and Business (BLAW 476) Winter 2014  

E-print Network

://www.cauxroundtable.org/ Business for Social Responsibility: http://bsr.org Corporate Social Responsibility News: http and the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery Multinational corporate responsibility for human rights is about international law and global corporate citizenship. It is very current and focuses heavily

Carter, John

84

Corporate Governance, Investor Protection, and Performance in Emerging Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research studying the link between law and finance has concentrated on country-level investor protection measures and focused on differences in legal systems across countries and legal families. Klapper and Love extend this literature and provide a study of firm-level corporate governance practices across emerging markets and a greater understanding of the environments under which corporate governance matters more. Their

Inessa Love; Leora F. Klapper

2002-01-01

85

Information and Corporate Cultures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper defines "corporate culture" (set of values and beliefs shared by people working in an organization which represents employees' collective judgments about future) and discusses importance of corporate culture, nature of corporate cultures in business and academia, and role of information in shaping present and future corporate cultures.…

Drake, Miriam A.

1984-01-01

86

Corporate Philanthropy and Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the history of corporate philanthropy in the United States. It traces the response of corporations to cutbacks in federal spending initiated by President Ronald Reagan. The author concludes that libraries must learn to approach private corporations for in-kind donations, product donations, and volunteer help, as well as grant funds. Because corporations benefit through publicity, name recognition, and

Maribelle Davis

1985-01-01

87

Centre for Business Law and Practice School of Law  

E-print Network

such as the International Monetary Fund. Research has been undertaken in many areas of business law including banking, intellectual property, international trade, and corporate and economic crime (including money laundering of the biggest and most active Students' Unions in the country. The University is one of the main centres

Berzins, M.

88

12 CFR 225.121 - Acquisition of Edge corporation affiliate by State member banks of registered bank holding company.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of Edge corporation affiliate by State member banks of registered bank holding...of Edge corporation affiliate by State member banks of registered bank holding...Federal Banking law applicable to State member banks is concerned, the...

2010-01-01

89

The child's right to corporal integrity in the school setting: A right without a remedy under the constitution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the law recognizes the right of teachers to corporally punish their students, teachers must act within reasonable parameters. This paper, by examining the evolution of the standard of reasonableness from the common law to its current application in constitutional law, studies the extent of the teachers’ parameters. Historically, teachers derived their authority to corporally punish students through the doctrine

Elizabeth R. Levine Levy

1983-01-01

90

American Corporate Copyright: A Brilliant, Uncoordinated Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

At first glance, American copyright law and policy seem to be dictated entirely by a monolithic block of corporate rightsholders. Over the last twenty years, powerful interests including Disney, the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP), Microsoft, and the American Motion Picture Association (AMPA), have successfully lobbied Congress for copyright term extensions, copyright restoration, software anticircumvention legislation, protection

Paul J. Heald

2005-01-01

91

Do Insider Trading Laws Work?  

Microsoft Academic Search

By calculating an estimated measure of undetected insider trading, this paper shows that profits made by informed corporate insiders prior to tender offer announcements increase after the first enforcement of insider trading laws. I analyze the effects of Insider Trading regulation on a sample of 5,099 acquisitions in 56 different countries, and estimate the profits due to insider trading from

Arturo Bris

2000-01-01

92

A look at Bodies Corporate.  

PubMed

One of the most exclusive clubs in the dental world comprises the 27 members who can call themselves Dental Bodies Corporate (DBCs). Among this elite are well-known names such as Dental World, Dencare, Whitecross, Benedent and also Oakley, which is owned by Denplan. In the UK only dentists and DBCs are permitted to carry on the business of dentistry. DBCs are simply companies whose directors (the majority of whom must be dentists) are protected by the laws of limited liability, with the purpose of encouraging investment by shareholders (who need not be dentists). This article outlines the story of how this select band of Corporate Bodies gained their exclusive status which goes back to the very earliest days of our profession. PMID:9364086

Chope, J

1997-10-11

93

Effective health care corporate compliance.  

PubMed

The pace and intensity of oversight and investigation of health care organizations has greatly increased at all levels. Well run organizations with ethical management committed to following all laws and regulations are still at risk for compliance violations and punitive penalties. Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, organizations with an "effective" corporate compliance program may receive reduced penalties. The seven components of an effective program as defined in the guidelines are: (1) Standards and procedures; (2) oversight responsibilities; (3) employee training; (4) monitoring and auditing; (5) reporting systems; (6) enforcement and discipline; and (7) response and prevention. Lack of a compliance program needlessly exposes the organization to an avoidable risk of damage from non-compliance--whether intentional or not. Moreover, an effective program can contribute to the efficient operation of the organization and be a key piece of its corporate culture. PMID:10947465

Saum, T B; Byassee, J

2000-01-01

94

The Principal's Decision: A Teaching Monograph on Corporal Punishment. NOLPE Monograph Series, No. 48A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporal punishment is one option available to many school districts as a disciplinary measure. State law generally regulates the use of corporal punishment, and many states prohibit it while others provide specific guidelines for its use. However, many state legislatures have delegated responsibility for setting corporal-punishment policy to…

Hyman, Ronald T.; Rathbone, Charles H.

95

HARVARD LAW SCHOOL Program on Institutional Investors  

E-print Network

., Martijn Cremers and Urs Peyer, "The CEO Pay Slice," 102 Journal of Financial Economics 199-221 (2011 Law School Olin Discussion Paper No. 702 (July 2011). Fried, Jesse M. and Nitzan Shilon, "Excess Pay Shilon, "Excess-Pay Clawbacks," 36 Journal of Corporation Law 722- 751 (2011). Fried, Jesse M. and Nitzan

Wolfe, Patrick J.

96

Globalization as Boundary-Blurring: International and Local Law Firms in China's  

E-print Network

Globalization as Boundary-Blurring: International and Local Law Firms in China's Corporate Law of China to explore the changing global­local relationship in the globalization of the legal profession that the globalization of the Chinese corporate law market is a process of boundary-blurring and hybridization, by which

Sheridan, Jennifer

97

77 FR 44301 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Boston Stock Exchange Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Amendment of the By-Laws of Its Parent Corporation, The NASDAQ OMX...amendment of the by-laws of its parent corporation, The NASDAQ OMX...a consulting or employment relationship with or provides professional...or has had any such relationship or provided any such...

2012-07-27

98

77 FR 44299 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Stock Clearing Corporation of Philadelphia; Notice of Filing of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Amendment of the By-Laws of Its Parent Corporation, The NASDAQ OMX...amendment of the by-laws of its parent corporation, The NASDAQ OMX...a consulting or employment relationship with or provides professional...or has had any such relationship or provided any such...

2012-07-27

99

Corporate sustainability assessment methodology  

E-print Network

Sustainability is a vague concept specifically in the context of a corporate world. There are numerous definitions for corporate sustainability and just as many ways of evaluating it. This work attempts to define, structure ...

Pinchuk, Natallia

2011-01-01

100

Gas Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students study gas laws at a molecular level. They vary the volume of a container at constant temperature to see how pressure changes (Boyle's Law), change the temperature of a container at constant pressure to see how the volume changes with temperature (Charlesâs Law), and experiment with heating a gas in a closed container to discover how pressure changes with temperature (Gay Lussac's Law). They also discover the relationship between the number of gas molecules and gas volume (Avogadro's Law). Finally, students use their knowledge of gas laws to model a heated soda can collapsing as it is plunged into ice water.

Consortium, The C.

2011-12-11

101

Corporate Affiliate Event Details  

E-print Network

and marketing benefits. Extend this highly-regarded educational oppor- tunity throughout your organization Corporation Tampa Bay Lightning Tenneco Inc. TreeHouse Foods, Inc. Attendee Profile 2013 Corporate Counsel a bundle of discounted registrations which can be used by any- one in their organization. Corporate

Shahriar, Selim

102

Corporate Management and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporate management is a reorganization of local government promulgated in Great Britain by the Bains Report and reinforced by the 1974 reorganization act. It emphasizes that the departmental orientation of much of local government must give way to a broader, unifying, corporate perspective. The example of how corporate management has not worked…

Saxe, Richard W.

103

Scaling the Corporate Heights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews "Black Life in Corporate America" (Davis and Watson), "Women at Work: A Psychologist's Secrets to Getting Ahead in Business" (Senter), and "The Black Manager, Making It in the Corporate World" (Dickens and Dickens). All three books address general issues confronting Black/female managers, and two offer guidance to corporate newcomers. (CMG)

Campbell, Bebe Moore

1983-01-01

104

Helmet Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... universal motorcycle helmet laws to qualify for certain highway safety funds. By 1975, all but three had ... here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office . State Motorcyclists Bicyclists Universal Helmet Law ( ...

105

Radiation Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site lists physical laws that describe radiation. Topics covered include the Plank Radiation Law, and the Wien and Stefan-Boltzmann Laws. The site also features a table summarizing the blackbody temperatures necessary to give a peak for emitted radiation in various regions of the spectrum, and three Java applets illustrating important properties of blackbody radiation.

Astronomy, Department O.; Knoxville, University O.

106

Darwin's laws.  

PubMed

There is widespread agreement among contemporary philosophers of biology and philosophically-minded biologists that Darwin's insights about the intrusion of chance processes into biological regularities undermines the possibility of there being biological laws. Darwin made references to "designed laws." He also freely described some laws as having exceptions. This paper provides a philosophical analysis of the notion of scientific laws that was dominant in Darwin's time, and in all probability the one which he inherited. The analysis of laws is then used to show how it could have been natural for Darwin to believe in designed laws that had exceptions, and to highlight the continuity between the metaphysics of pre-Darwinian, Darwinian, and contemporary biological science. One important result is the removal of one motivation for the anti-laws sentiment in philosophy and biology. PMID:22326096

Haufe, Chris

2012-03-01

107

Australian Broadcasting Corporation Online: Radio National  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The highlights of this Australian Broadcasting Corporation site are transcripts of radio shows in the areas of health, law, religion, sports, and current affairs. Also included are transcripts of Ockham's Razor, a show covering many different topics in which one "thoughtful [person] has [his or her] say without pesky interviewers interrupting." Time coverage varies, with some shows' transcripts dating back to 1995. The site also contains other program and pertinent information about this network, on the air since 1932.

1997-01-01

108

Creating corporate advantage.  

PubMed

What differentiates truly great corporate strategies from the merely adequate? How can executives at the corporate level create tangible advantage for their businesses that makes the whole more than the sum of the parts? This article presents a comprehensive framework for value creation in the multibusiness company. It addresses the most fundamental questions of corporate strategy: What businesses should a company be in? How should it coordinate activities across businesses? What role should the corporate office play? How should the corporation measure and control performance? Through detailed case studies of Tyco International, Sharp, the Newell Company, and Saatchi and Saatchi, the authors demonstrate that the answers to all those questions are driven largely by the nature of a company's special resources--its assets, skills, and capabilities. These range along a continuum from the highly specialized at one end to the very general at the other. A corporation's location on the continuum constrains the set of businesses it should compete in and limits its choices about the design of its organization. Applying the framework, the authors point out the common mistakes that result from misaligned corporate strategies. Companies mistakenly enter businesses based on similarities in products rather than the resources that contribute to competitive advantage in each business. Instead of tailoring organizational structures and systems to the needs of a particular strategy, they create plain-vanilla corporate offices and infrastructures. The company examples demonstrate that one size does not fit all. One can find great corporate strategies all along the continuum. PMID:10179655

Collis, D J; Montgomery, C A

1998-01-01

109

UNIVERSITY OF UTAH, S.J. QUINNEY LAW LIBRARY MONTHLY NEW ACQUISITIONS LIST  

E-print Network

Association, Business Law Section [c2009] KF1422 .V37 2009 CORPORATIONS--TAXATION--LAW AND LEGISLATIONUNIVERSITY OF UTAH, S.J. QUINNEY LAW LIBRARY MONTHLY NEW ACQUISITIONS LIST JANUARY 2010 BANKRUPTCY management and administration. 4th ed. [Chicago, Ill.] : ABA Business Law Section [c2009] KF1524 .P47 2009

Capecchi, Mario R.

110

Punishments in Islamic Criminal Law as Antithetical to Human Dignity: The Nigerian Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1999 twelve states of Northern Nigeria extended the application of the Sharia legal system from personal law to all aspects of civil law and also to the field of criminal law. The punishments prescribed by the Sharia criminal laws include corporal punishment, death by stoning, haddi lashing, caning, amputation of hand or leg or both, and heavy fines. Local

Osita Nnamani Ogbu

2005-01-01

111

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Jersey law permitting a period of silence in schools was struck down by a federal court judge who held that the law was intended to circumvent the proscription against government entanglement in religion. The New York Supreme Court has upheld the competency test for obtaining high school diplomas. (MLF)

Splitt, David A.

1984-01-01

112

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page provides a lesson plan for middle or high school students studying Newton's laws and its corollaries. The page provides, foremost, a series of activities for students to perform, as well as basic descriptions of the laws behind the activities.

Hatch, Robert

2005-01-04

113

Law 302.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication outlines a law course intended as part of a business education program in the secondary schools of Manitoba, Canada. The one credit course of study should be taught over a period of 110-120 hours of instruction. It provides students with an introduction to the principles, practices, and consequences of law with regard to torts,…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

114

Employment Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ross Runkel is a retired professor of law, and given his long experience with employment and labor law, it seems quite natural that he would be the founder of the site, Employment Law. Along with a team of other equally qualified professionals, he has created this site to serve as a clearinghouse of material about the world of employment law and its many facets. First time visitors may wish to check out his employment law or arbitration blogs, then move on to one of the most popular features, a list of recent and pending cases in the field that have been heard before the US Supreme Court. Additionally, the âÂÂArticlesâ area contains pieces authored by Runkel and others, including a piece on how to find an employment lawyer and several timely pieces on the National Labor Relations Board.

Runkel, Ross, 1939-

115

REFERENDA and MEMBERSHIP ENGAGEMENT By-law 4 A By-law relating generally to Membership engagement and referenda for  

E-print Network

will be recorded and links made available on the Corporation's web site and social media sites for download all vacancies have been filled. 2. Non-Fundamental Changes Change By-laws, remove irectors, change required. 3. Fundamental Changes Change the Letters Patent or objects of the Corporation, class, type

Hitchcock, Adam P.

116

Entering the Corporate Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seminar guide was designed for use with a series of slides in training administrators to market an educational program or service to corporations. The seminar explains the following eight stages in planning entry into the corporate market: identifying appropriate publics; researching the market (analyzing supply and demand, collecting data,…

Greenshields, Garry W.

117

Corporate and Business Plan  

E-print Network

Corporate and Business Plan 2010-2011 #12;Main addresses Forest Research Alice Holt Lodge Farnham Research's Business Plan 2010-2011 ..........................12 Table Contents Table 1 - Income This Corporate and Business Plan sets out FR's aims and strategic objectives. It describes the Key Performance

118

Corporate governance: quo vadis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to examine current research trends into corporate governance and to propose a different dynamic, humanistic approach based on individual purpose, values and psychology. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper reviews selected literature to analyse the assumptions behind research into corporate governance and uses a multi-disciplinary body of literature to present a different theoretical approach based at the

E. Isaac Mostovicz; Nada K. Kakabadse; Andrew Kakabadse

2011-01-01

119

Corporate Conduct Quarterly  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Corporate Conduct Quarterly_ is published by the Forum for Policy Research and Public Service at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Camden Campus. The journal aims to offer practical advice on "corporate ethics and compliance." Visitors to the site will find an index of past articles; selected articles are available in full text.

120

Law Courses Coventry Law School  

E-print Network

taught LLMs in International Business Law and International Law are very popular attracting students from on any of the courses featured here, please visit the Coventry University website (www 28 FAQ's 29 Undergraduate Student Support at Coventry University 30 Postgraduate Student Support

Low, Robert

121

Guass's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Keynote Presentation exported as a clickable Quicktime movie. Gauss's Law is demonstrated in this presentation. Utilizing an insulated sphere enclosed in a spherical conducting shell. All equations are fully developed.

Dimauro, Mr. T.

2009-01-12

122

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This set of four educational wall-sheets includes Newton's Three Laws and the Law of Gravitation. They include activities that are designed to be displayed as a set on classroom walls. The pre-activity reading featuring the Swift satellite and most activities can be used in middle-school classrooms. Optional extension activities are suitable for advanced middle-school students and students in ninth grade.

Cominsky, Lynn

2010-01-01

123

Master of Science in Corporate Communication Corporate Communication  

E-print Network

Master of Science in Corporate Communication Corporate Communication Goals and Contents Corporate with the organisation's stakeholders in order to maximise the corpora- tion's reputation capital and thus to guarantee access to strate- gic resources. In this it is a strategic partner of other corporate functions

Krause, Rolf

124

Inequity In Distribution of The Corporate Tax Burden  

Microsoft Academic Search

A special characteristic of the corporate tax in Japan is the relatively low rate reached by repeated reductions (the effective rate in Japan is 45.0%; in the United States, 51.6%; in the FRG, 49.0%; and in France, 50%). Furthermore, the tax law itself and the Special Taxation Measures Law, with its full complexity, have been important in reducing the tax

Mari Nishino

1976-01-01

125

“Justifying Corporate Speech Regulation Through a Town-Meeting Understanding of the Marketplace of Ideas”  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate between the majority and the dissenting justices in the Supreme Court's 2003 decision in McConnell v. Federal Election Commission refocused attention on one particularly intense dispute in First Amendment law that has been simmering among the Justices over the past quarter-century: corporate speech doctrine. Although the Court extended First Amendment protection to corporate political media spending in relation

Robert L. Kerr

2007-01-01

126

Democratic corporate governance within fluctuating cooperative banks: A multidisciplinary diagnosis and proposition of orientations.  

E-print Network

the researchers who contribute to all these studies: law, economy, but also sociology and management sciences. WeDemocratic corporate governance within fluctuating cooperative banks: A multidisciplinary diagnosis and proposition of orientations. Corporate Ownership and Control Journal, volume 8, Issue 1, Fall 2010, pp.210

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

127

Point/Counterpoint: Should Corporal Punishment Be Abolished in the Elementary School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kenneth Clark asserts that corporal punishment is an anachronism and that it is applied arbitrarily and sometimes sadistically, teaching children to use violence to solve problems. Charles Miller replies that both common law and common sense support the use of corporal punishment, when all other disciplinary approaches have failed. (SJL)

Clark, Kenneth; Miller, Charles

1980-01-01

128

Encyclopedia of Corporate Governance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Encyclopedia of Corporate Governance, or encycogov for short, is created and maintained by Henrik Mathiesen, a PhD candidate at the Department of International Economics and Management at the Copenhagen Business School. Content on the site is divided into two sections: Specific Topics and General Topics. Topics in both sections begin with a paragraph explaining the overarching definition of the principle, and link to a variety of tables, "exhibitions," and models that further illustrate the definition. For example, the Bankruptcy Systems section begins with the definition and is followed up by two tables: "Effects of bankruptcy systems on corporate performance and other kinds of institutions of relevance for corporate governance" and "International corporate governance- Tentative characterizations of legal and empirical state of large firm bankruptcy systems in various countries as of 1980-95: 1) Developing countries. 2)Germany. 3) Japan. 4) Anglo-American countries. 5) Denmark." Also included on the site are references and site users information.

129

The Corporate Connection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an elementary school principal's account of how he utilized corporate sponsorship to improve science education. The principal and seven teachers obtained grants and then recruited local scientific companies to become involved in their science education programs. (PR)

Moryan, James

1994-01-01

130

Essays in corporate finance  

E-print Network

This thesis consists of three essays covering topics in empirical corporate finance with an emphasis on banking relationships and its effect on liquidity constraints and business growth. In particular, it investigates the ...

Drexler, Alejandro Herman

2009-01-01

131

Press Release Corporate Communications  

E-print Network

Page: 1/2 Press Release Corporate Communications Karolinenplatz 5 D-64289 Darmstadt Germany Your to establish a reputation for itself in scientific and engineering fields. One of the hindrances involved

Reggelin, Michael

132

The evolving corporate board  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a period of takeover battles and dramatic replacements of top managements, the role of the corporate board of directors is rapidly evolving into a major strategic force in American business. Some companies have enacted \\

Murray Weidenbaum

1995-01-01

133

Corporate reputation: seeking a definition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews different viewpoints in the marketing literature in an attempt to clearly define the concept of corporate reputation and identify its relationship with corporate image. Definitions offered for the term corporate reputation by marketing academics and practitioners are therefore merged into two dominant schools of thought. These include the analogous school of thought, which views corporate reputation as

Manto Gotsi; Alan M. Wilson

2001-01-01

134

Advancing and enhancing corporate reputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes corporate reputation as it pertains to corporate practice. Key areas treated are worldwide executive opinion on their ability to affect corporate reputation; three specific strategic benefits and goals of strong corporate reputation (preference in doing business with a company when products\\/services are similar, support for a company in time of controversy, and company value in the financial

Stephen A. Greyser

1999-01-01

135

Corporate Governance and Economic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is the best corporate governance system? Is the Germanic corporate governance system the best? The Japanese? The Anglo?Saxon? This article reviews some of the relevant literature for answering this question. Particular attention is devoted to corporate governance problems in developing countries. It emphasizes that the nature of problems that corporate governance systems must deal with can be expected to

Dennis C. Mueller

2006-01-01

136

[Anorexia and corporal mediations].  

PubMed

The body, the central point of expression of the anorexic symptom, is an important therapeutic lever.The young anorexic girl protects herself through corporal hypertonicity. This tension is consistent with her fears of seeing her body becoming that of an adult and to feel emotions and sensations with too much force. Corporal mediation consists in helping the young girls get to grips with this body. PMID:23923454

Bureau, Hélène; Moro, Marie Rose

2013-01-01

137

Leadership Profile Dean, University of Houston Law Center  

E-print Network

.M. students. The Law Center has developed a national reputation across many fronts. Highlights include by National Jurist magazine for best standard of living. Along with its prominent national reputation, the Law-profits, and corporate legal departments, Houston has abundant legal opportunities for its graduates. With a recent

Azevedo, Ricardo

138

The Corporate Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched in the summer of 1999 by two long-term partners in Lens Investment Management, this site "is intended to serve as a central repository for research, study and critical thinking about the nature of the modern global corporation, with a special focus on corporate governance and the relationship between company management, their boards and their shareowners." Along with current awareness articles from the staff of The Corporate Library (TCL) and outside sources including Harvard Business School Working Knowledge, CBSMarketWatch, and McKinsey and Co., the site also provides in-depth special reports on CEO Contracts and on Corporate Governance and Performance. The full-text of Power and Accountability, the book written by The Corporate Library's founders Robert AG Monks and Nell Minow, is also available free of charge. In addition, users may search the entire TCL catalog, which includes 25 years' worth of articles emphasizing the best practices in a variety of areas including disclosure and governance and corporate standing.

Minow, Nell.; Monks, Robert A.

139

Corporate compliance: framework and implementation.  

PubMed

The federal government has created numerous programs to combat fraud and abuse. The government now encourages healthcare facilities to have a corporate compliance program (CCP), a plan that reduces the chances that the facility will violate laws or regulations. A CCP is an organization-wide program comprised of a code of conduct and written policies, internal monitoring and auditing standards, employee training, feedback mechanisms and other features, all designed to prevent and detect violations of governmental laws, regulations and policies. It is a system or method ensuring that employees understand and will comply with laws that apply to what they do every day. Seven factors, based on federal sentencing guidelines, provide the framework for developing a CCP. First, a facility must establish rules that are reasonably capable of reducing criminal conduct. Second, high-level personnel must oversee the compliance effort. Third, a facility must use due care in delegating authority in the compliance initiative. Fourth, standards must be communicated effectively to employees, and fifth, a facility must take reasonable steps to achieve compliance. Sixth, standards must be enforced consistently across the organization and last, standards must be modified or changed for reported concerns, to ensure they are not repeated. PROMINA Health System, Inc. in Atlanta, Ga., designed a program to meet federal guidelines. It started with a self-assessment to define its areas or risk. Next, it created the internal structure and assigned organizational responsibility for running the CCP. PROMINA then developed standards of business and professional conduct, established vehicles of communication and trained employees on the standards. Finally, it continues to develop evidence of the program's effectiveness by monitoring and documenting its compliance activities. PMID:10346652

Fowler, N

1999-01-01

140

Corporate Social Performance and Politics Do Liberals Do More?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is increasingly recognised as a tool that firms can use to improve the bottom line. But how are the returns to such activities affected by the political climate? We depict CSR activities as redistributing funds from firms to the public, a task that is also performed by governments through taxations, laws and regulations. By influencing how

Catherine Liston-Heyes; Gwen C. Ceton

141

Wall Street's First Corporate Governance Crisis: The Panic of 1826  

Microsoft Academic Search

In July of 1826, several prominent Wall Street firms abruptly went bankrupt, amid scandalous revelations of fraudulent financial practices by their management. Although mostly forgotten today, these events represented a watershed in the early development of the corporation laws and investor protections governing Wall Street: in the aftermath of the scandals, New York State enacted an extensive package of legislation

Eric Hilt

2009-01-01

142

Charles's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the history and theory of Charles's Law, which states, "the volume of a given quantity of gas varies directly with its temperature." A series of interactive flash animations show the application of this theory and demonstrate how different heating elements, such as candles and even the Sun, affect the molecules in common things such as balloons and thermometers. Mathematical equations are provided to demonstrate the calculations. Once the presentation is complete, a short quiz is provided to test the full understanding of the Charles's Law.

Bartelt, Terry L.

2009-04-17

143

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Physics Classroom presents this tutorial on Newton's three laws of motion. The impulse-momentum change theorem and the law of conservation of momentum are introduced, explained and applied to the analysis of collisions of objects. Both exercises provide an activity and then an assessment exercise in order for students to check their understanding of the concept(s). Some of the key topics included here are: mass, motion, force (applied, gravity, normal, friction, air resistance, tensional, and spring), inertia, and terminal velocity. The tutorial is geared toward high school students, but it is also great review material for college physics students or anyone needing a refresher course in vectors.

2007-11-02

144

Boyle's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the history and theory of Boyle's Law. The presentation offers two different variations of the concept. The first involves "a change in pressure exerted on a given quantity of gas causing an inverse effect on its volume." The second simply flips this first variation and shows how the change in quantity affects the pressure. The presentation is filled with helpful, and interactive, flash animations. This is not only aesthetically pleasing, but also helps the student engage with the topic. Once both variations are complete, a short quiz is provided to test the full understanding of Boyle's Law.

Bartelt, Terry L.

2009-04-16

145

State taxation of multijurisdictional corporate income  

SciTech Connect

This article analyzes the taxation methods used by the states and describes what constitutes a unitary business. The authors give a historical perspective of the relevant court decisions in this area. The fact that almost 40% of the Supreme Court cases addressing this issue involve large oil companies illustrates the importance of this area to oil companies. The authors discuss the need for uniformity in state laws and the need for congressional action after the case analysis. They note the reluctance and sometimes refusal of many corporations to furnish the information needed to determine unitary issues, and cite the questionnaires some states require the corporations to file. They also cite the fairness issue when only some states tax foreign income. Congress appears to be in the best position to evaluate the multiple factors and assess the arguments surrounding the policy issues.

Goldstein, A.M.; Staton, W.C.; Porcano, T.M.; Litka, M.

1985-12-01

146

Corporate social responsibility of future radiology professionals.  

PubMed

Plagued by difficult economic times, many radiology managers may find themselves faced with ethical dilemmas surrounding ongoing organizational pressures to maintain high levels of productivity with restricted resources. This often times tests the level of moral resilience and corporate social consciousness of even the most experienced radiology professionals. A study was conducted to determine what Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) orientation and viewpoint future radiology professionals may have. The results of the study indicate that these study participants may initially consider patient care more important than profit maximization. Study results indicate that these specific future radiology professionals will not need laws, legal sanctions, and intensified rules to force them to act ethically. However,they may need ongoing training as to the necessity of profit maximization if they seek the highest quality of care possible for their patients. PMID:21366145

Collins, Sandra K; Collins, Kevin S

2011-01-01

147

World Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This consultant paper is intended to provide information useful to a goal of this curriculum development project in the war/peace field, that is to encourage students to search intelligently for alternatives to war. The most fundamental assumptions used in thinking about international law are described, including some assumptions about systemic…

Marvin, David

148

Faraday's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Light a light bulb by waving a magnet. This simulation of a Faraday's Law is from the Physics Education Technology website of University of Colorado. It is accessible for teachers and students alike. Included are links to related topics and additional ideas and activities for teachers to use.

2008-11-05

149

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States Supreme Court upheld a California state law requiring employers to allow a pregnant woman up to four months of unpaid maternity leave if she claims pregnancy as a disability. A bill before Congress addresses parental leave and job protection for parents caring for a new baby or a sick child. (MLH)

Splitt, David A.

1987-01-01

150

Pandora's Ballot Box, Or a Proxy with Moxie? Majority Voting, Corporate Ballot Access, and the Legend of Martin Lipton Re-Examined  

Microsoft Academic Search

In August 2006 the Delaware General Assembly adopted an amendment to the Delaware General Corporation Law which provides that where shareholders have adopted a majority voting bylaw for corporate elections over the traditional plurality scheme, a corporation may not subsequently amend its bylaws to return to plurality voting without shareholder approval. This Article compares this provision to other approaches and

J. W. Verret

2007-01-01

151

Corporate Energy Management Process  

E-print Network

-05-25 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 BASF North America BASF Corporation (U.S.), BASF Canada, BASF Mexicana ESL-IE-13-05-25 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology...-05-25 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 BASF North America BASF Corporation (U.S.), BASF Canada, BASF Mexicana ESL-IE-13-05-25 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology...

Geiger, T.

2013-01-01

152

The commercialisation of law and the enterprising legal practitioner: continuity and change  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper engages with William Twining's longstanding concern with law as a ‘practical art’ through a discussion of the changes which the corporate law sector is currently undergoing. These changes will be examined through an analysis of qualitative data on the recruitment practices of large commercial law firms and a reading of the trade press. The evidence of these firms'

Hilary Sommerlad

2011-01-01

153

Corporate Social Responsibility from the Perspective of Corporate Secretaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Corporate secretaries make a considerable contribution to corporate social responsibility (CSR) processes by the nature of\\u000a the positions and responsibilities they hold in organisations. They act as a servant or full member of the board of directors,\\u000a the body that formulates corporate strategies; which are subsequently executed by executive directors. When corporate secretaries\\u000a become full members of the board, they

Samuel O. Idowu

154

26 CFR 1.243-3 - Certain dividends from foreign corporations.  

...corporation was subject to taxation under Chapter 1 of the Code...corresponding provisions of prior law). Thus, for example...to which it is subject to taxation under Chapter 1 of the Code...corresponding provisions of prior law) and subsequently...

2014-04-01

155

26 CFR 1.243-3 - Certain dividends from foreign corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...corporation was subject to taxation under Chapter 1 of the Code...corresponding provisions of prior law). Thus, for example...to which it is subject to taxation under Chapter 1 of the Code...corresponding provisions of prior law) and subsequently...

2013-04-01

156

26 CFR 1.243-3 - Certain dividends from foreign corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...corporation was subject to taxation under Chapter 1 of the Code...corresponding provisions of prior law). Thus, for example...to which it is subject to taxation under Chapter 1 of the Code...corresponding provisions of prior law) and subsequently...

2011-04-01

157

26 CFR 1.243-3 - Certain dividends from foreign corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...corporation was subject to taxation under Chapter 1 of the Code...corresponding provisions of prior law). Thus, for example...to which it is subject to taxation under Chapter 1 of the Code...corresponding provisions of prior law) and subsequently...

2012-04-01

158

76 FR 38225 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Options Clearing Corporation; Order Approving Proposed Rule...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Approving Proposed Rule Change To Provide Flexibility to The Options Clearing Corporation...OCC's By-Laws and Rules to provide flexibility to OCC with respect to its obligations...OCC's Rules and By-Laws to give OCC flexibility to make settlement payments to its...

2011-06-29

159

Appendix L Patent Laws CONSOLIDATED PATENT LAWS  

E-print Network

Appendix L Patent Laws __________________________________________________________________ CONSOLIDATED PATENT LAWS United States Code Title 35 - Patents Editor's Note (January 2007): The Patent Laws repro duced below supersede those reproduced in the last revision of the Manual of Patent Examining

Luryi, Serge

160

The Illiquidity of Corporate Bonds  

E-print Network

This paper examines the illiquidity of corporate bonds and its asset-pricing implications. Using transactions data from 2003 to 2009, we show that the illiquidity in corporate bonds is substantial, significantly greater ...

Bao, Jack

161

Getting to Know the Corporation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model is given in which corporations are approached as investors in educational institutions rather than philanthropists. Assumes that corporations should be more responsive to this than to the one-way stream of assets so characteristic in the past.

Neely, George , Jr.

1974-01-01

162

Corporate governance and insider trading  

E-print Network

I investigate the relation between corporate governance and insider trading by corporate executives. Despite the general view that trade on non-public information adversely affects capital market participants, the impact ...

Rozanov, Konstantin A

2008-01-01

163

Bragg's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It may be beneficial to have students perform the Wave Interference activity prior to engaging them in this activity. The following handouts are identical, with the exception that one is in Word format, while the other is in PDF format. The students should perform the exercise in a computer laboratory. Before proceeding through the questions, they should be given an opportunity to review the material on this web page. Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet (Acrobat (PDF) 73kB Mar2 10) Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet for Word (Microsoft Word 37kB Feb25 10) The following Powerpoint presentation can be used as an introduction to Bragg's Law. Bragg\\'s Law Powerpoint Presentation (PowerPoint 974kB Feb25 10) Wave Interference Activity Prior to investigating Bragg's law through this activity, it may be helpful to explore interference of sinusoidal waveforms by following the link below. Wave Interference Activity Bragg's Law Applet Java Applet created by Konstantin Lukin with supervision by Glenn A. Richard, Project Java Webmaster Original Bragg's Law Applet page on Mineral Physics Institute web server at Stony Brook University: Project Java - Bragg's Law and Diffraction: How waves reveal the atomic structure of crystals Bragg's Law refers to the simple equation: nà = 2d sinà derived by the English physicists Sir W.H. Bragg and his son Sir W.L. Bragg in 1913 to explain why the cleavage faces of crystals appear to reflect X-ray beams at certain angles of incidence (Ã, Ã). The variable d is the distance between atomic layers in a crystal, and the variable lambda is the wavelength of the incident X-ray beam (see applet); n is an integer. This observation is an example of X-ray wave interference (Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen), commonly known as X-ray diffraction (XRD), and was direct evidence for the periodic atomic structure of crystals postulated for several centuries. The Braggs were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1915 for their work in determining crystal structures beginning with NaCl, ZnS and diamond. Although Bragg's law was used to explain the interference pattern of X-rays scattered by crystals, diffraction has been developed to study the structure of all states of matter with any beam, e.g., ions, electrons, neutrons, and protons, with a wavelength similar to the distance between the atomic or molecular structures of interest. How to Use this Applet The applet shows two rays incident on two atomic layers of a crystal, e.g., atoms, ions, and molecules, separated by the distance d. The layers look like rows because the layers are projected onto two dimensions and your view is parallel to the layers. The applet begins with the scattered rays in phase and interferring constructively. Bragg's Law is satisfied and diffraction is occurring. The meter indicates how well the phases of the two rays match. The small light on the meter is green when Bragg's equation is satisfied and red when it is not satisfied. The meter can be observed while the three variables in Bragg's are changed by clicking on the scroll-bar arrows and by typing the values in the boxes. The d and à variables can be changed by dragging on the arrows provided on the crystal layers and scattered beam, respectively. Bragg's Law Applet with details meter activated, but no constructive interference. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are not aligned. Bragg's Law Applet with constructive interference and n = 2. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are aligned. Deriving Bragg's Law by Paul Schields Bragg's Law can easily be derived by considering the conditions necessary to make the phases of the beams coincide when the incident angle equals and reflecting angle. The rays of the incident beam are always in phase and parallel up to the point at which the top beam strikes the top layer at atom z (Fig. 1). The second beam continues to the next layer where it is scattered by atom B. The second beam must travel the extra distance AB + BC if the two beams are to continue traveling adjacent and parallel. This extra distance must be an integral (n) multiple of the wavelength (Ã) for the phases of the two beams to be the same: nà = AB +BC (2). Fig. 1 Deriving Bragg's Law using the reflection geometry and applying trigonometry. The lower beam must travel the extra distance (AB + BC) to continue traveling parallel and adjacent to the top beam. Recognizing d as the hypotenuse of the right triangle Abz, we can use trigonometry to relate d and à to the distance (AB + BC). The distance AB is opposite à so, AB = d sinÃ(3). Because AB = BC eq. (2) becomes, nà = 2AB (4) Substituting eq. (3) in eq. (4) we have, nà = 2 d sinÃ, (1) and Bragg's Law has been derived. The location of the surface does not change the derivation of Bragg's Law. Experimental Diffraction Patterns The following figures show experimental x-ray diffraction patterns of cubic SiC using synchrotron radiation. Detail from previous image Players in the Discovery of X-ray Diffraction Friedrich and Knipping first observed Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen in 1912 after a hint from their research advisor, Max von Laue, at the University of Munich. Bragg's Law greatly simplified von Laue's description of X-ray interference. The Braggs used crystals in the reflection geometry to analyze the intensity and wavelengths of X-rays (spectra) generated by different materials. Their apparatus for characterizing X-ray spectra was the Bragg spectrometer. Laue knew that X-rays had wavelengths on the order of 1 Ã. After learning that Paul Ewald's optical theories had approximated the distance between atoms in a crystal by the same length, Laue postulated that X-rays would diffract, by analogy to the diffraction of light from small periodic scratches drawn on a solid surface (an optical diffraction grating). In 1918 Ewald constructed a theory, in a form similar to his optical theory, quantitatively explaining the fundamental physical interactions associated with XRD. Elements of Ewald's eloquent theory continue to be useful for many applications in physics. Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus in the Mineral Physics Institute High Pressure Laboratory at Stony Brook University Do We Have Diamonds? If we perform a high pressure experiment in a press, such as the Kennedy-Walker split cylinder apparatus, to convert graphite into diamonds, we can use X-ray diffraction techniques to determine whether we achieved the intended result. The carbon atoms in graphite are arranged into planes that are separated by d-spacings of 3.35Ã. If we use X-rays with a wavelength (Ã) of 1.54Ã, and we have diamonds in the material we are testing, we will find peaks on our X-ray pattern at à values that correspond to each of the d-spacings that characterize diamond. These d-spacings are 1.075Ã, 1.261Ã, and 2.06Ã. To discover where to expect peaks if diamond, graphite, or both are present, you can set à to 1.54à in the applet, and set distance to one of the d-spacings. Then start with à at 6 degrees, and vary it until you find a Bragg's condition. Do the same with each of the remaining d-spacings. Remember that in the applet, you are varying Ã, while on the X-ray pattern printout, the angles are given as 2Ã. Consequently, when the applet indicates a Bragg's condition at a particular angle, you must multiply that angle by 2 to locate the angle on the X-ray pattern printout where you would expect a peak. First stage anvils in the Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus

Richard, Glenn

164

Of Corporate Bondage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"While it is entirely possible that the university will continue to function as an essential arm of the giant agribusiness and energy corporations, there are, nevertheless, a wealth of opportunities for it to direct its energies to more useful purposes." The author traces universities' past involvement noting alternatives in energy and agriculture…

Ridgeway, James

1975-01-01

165

Corporate Training in Museums  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Museums often court corporate audiences through special event rentals and development and promotional partnerships. But we rarely approach them as potential adult learners. In overlooking them, we miss the potential of reaching a large number of often novice museum participants who can gain from gallery learning and develop a relationship with our…

Causey, Adera

2011-01-01

166

Bottle Rock Power Corporation  

E-print Network

a petition with the CEC pursuant to California Administrative Code Title 20 Section 1769(a). Hence, the BRPC Guy Childs Water Resources Control Engineer Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board 3443 Dept. of Fish and Game P.O. Box 47 Yountville, CA 94599 #12;Bottle Rock Power Corporation 3 Nancy

167

Corporate and personal responsibility  

SciTech Connect

Socioeconomic aspects of global climate change are discussed in this paper. Behavioral dimensions are discussed, with a focus on individual and collective value systems. It is suggested that traditional values are not adequate for addressing the climate change issue. Social aspects of the corporate role in climatic change are also briefly discussed.

Jemieson, D. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)

1992-12-31

168

Second Corporate Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Technical and Further Education (TAFE) National Centre for Research and Development has two broad areas of activity: the undertaking and encouragement of research and development projects that are of national significance to TAFE and the dissemination of information on research and development in TAFE. The center issued its first corporate

TAFE National Centre for Research and Development, Payneham (Australia).

169

Measuring corporate reputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considers how corporate reputation is most influenced by the actions of an organization rather than a successful (or otherwise) PR campaign. Then considers how a communication strategy can best influence reputation. It is important to avoid a monologue – deciding the message then conveying it with ruthless efficiency – and move to dialogue – knowing what matters to an audience

Stewart Lewis

2001-01-01

170

Comparative and International Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we examine the state of the art in comparative and international corporate governance by identifying the key research questions, main concepts, and paradigms of explanations of cross?country diversity in corporate governance. First, we discuss the multiple definitions of corporate governance across disciplines and explore how this multi?dimensional nature of corporate governance posses challenges when making cross?national comparisons.

Ruth V. Aguilera; Gregory Jackson

2010-01-01

171

NEC Corporation Volkswagen Group of America  

E-print Network

. Panasonic Corporation RECRUIT Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. SingTel TCL Multimedia Toshiba Corporation Jeffrey L. Silverman 1968 Sony Corporation Swatch AG Telmex Toshiba Corporation Philippe Villers MIT MEDIA

172

12 CFR 563.201 - Corporate opportunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Corporate opportunity. 563.201 Section 563... § 563.201 Corporate opportunity. (a) If you are...take advantage of corporate opportunities belonging to the savings association. (b) A corporate opportunity belongs to a savings...

2010-01-01

173

Corporate sustainability and organizational culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of corporate sustainability has gained importance in recent years in both organizational theory and practice. While there still exists a lack of clarity on what constitutes corporate sustainability and how to best achieve it, many scholars suggest that the pathway for the adoption of corporate sustainability principles leads via the adoption of a sustainability-oriented organizational culture. In this

Martina K. Linnenluecke; Andrew Griffiths

2010-01-01

174

Corporate Partners with industry to  

E-print Network

these ideas with the Innovation Economy Corporation, we solve one of businesses' greatest challenges: matching to innovate and train engineers to provide solutions to the world's most pressing problems. The Corporate's needs. Amro Albanna, founder and CEO of Innovation Economy Corporation (far right), along with members

175

Policing the Punishment: Charging Practices Under Canada's Corporal Punishment Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canadian data show that children and youth experience high degrees of violence in their lives. A significant degree of this violence occurs within the family, and can be attributed to excesive ‘correction’ or physical discipline. Indeed, section 43 of the Canadian Criminal Code permits the use of ‘reasonable’ force for the purposes of correction. This paper presents data on police

Tammy C. Landau

2005-01-01

176

The Direction of Corporate Law: The Scholars' Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

MR. BALOTTI: Good afternoon. My name is Frank Balotti and I've been asked to be the moderator for this afternoon's program. And one of the privileges that I get is to introduce the panel and to call them up to speak in some kind of order, I hope. And I hope that you and the audience will participate by asking

R. Franklin Balotti; David C. McBride; Edward P. Welch

2000-01-01

177

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

178

Taming the Beast: Policy-based Solutions for Addressing Corporate Interference in Climate Policy Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inappropriate corporate influence in science-based policy has been a persistent problem in the United States across multiple issue areas and through many administrations. Interference in climate change policy has been especially pervasive in recent years, with tremendous levels of corporate resources being utilized to spread misinformation on climate science and reduce and postpone regulatory action. Much of the influence exerted by these forces is concealed from public view. Better corporate disclosure laws would reveal who is influencing climate policy to policy makers, investors, and the public. Greater transparency in the political activity of corporate actors is needed to shed light on who is responsible for the misinformation campaigns clouding the discussion around climate change in the United States. Such transparency will empower diverse stakeholders to hold corporations accountable. Specific federal policy reforms can be made in order to guide the nation down a path of greater corporate accountability in climate change policy efforts.

Grifo, F.

2012-12-01

179

Industrial Analytics Corporation  

SciTech Connect

The lost foam casting process is sensitive to the properties of the EPS patterns used for the casting operation. In this project Industrial Analytics Corporation (IAC) has developed a new low voltage x-ray instrument for x-ray radiography of very low mass EPS patterns. IAC has also developed a transmitted visible light method for characterizing the properties of EPS patterns. The systems developed are also applicable to other low density materials including graphite foams.

Industrial Analytics Corporation

2004-01-30

180

Educational Broadcasting Corporation  

NSF Publications Database

16 Schedule B-1 EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING CORPORATION Indirect Cost Calculation For the year ended June 30, 2000 ($ In Thousands) Auditors' Schedule Proposed Adjustments and Allowable Reference Costs Eliminations Costs Direct cost B-1a $ XXXXX X XX XXXXX Indirect cost pool: Executive and administrative services B-1b $ XXXXX X (XX) $ XXXXX Technical support services B-1c XXXX XXXX Program staff administration B-1d XXXX X XXXX Total indirect costs

181

Building corporate associations: Consumer attributions for corporate socially responsible programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is often used as a key criterion in gauging corporate reputation. This research examined\\u000a the influence of consumers’ attributions on corporate outcomes in response to CSR. Researchers and managers have considered\\u000a consumers’ beliefs about CSR initiatives to be simplistic, serving either economic ends or reflecting sincere social concerns.\\u000a The results of two studies established that consumers’

Pam Scholder Ellen; Deborah J. Webb; Lois A. Mohr

2006-01-01

182

Taking DSM to corporate management  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the process leading to a successful power use management program for corporations. Any good energy program starts with a corporate energy policy defining the program and its expectations, including directions to managers and individual employees. Once the program is defined, it must be taken to top management. It's imperative that they buy into the program, as corporate-wide programs that begin at lower levels never really catch on. With top-management support, you're more likely to change the corporate culture, or the behavior of employees at all levels in the corporation. When the corporate culture changes, attitudes will soon follow and energy management can then evolve from an afterthought to a forethought.

Musur, A. (Abbot Labs., North Chicago, IL (United States))

1993-01-01

183

Tax aspects of collapsible corporations  

E-print Network

sible Coi ration Section 341 (b) defines the collapsible corporation as one formed or availed of principally for the manufacture, con- struction, or production of property or the purchase of property which (in the hands of the corporation... or liquidation occurs before there has been a realization of substantial income. However, since the statute is vague, one assumes a heavy responsibility in trying to establish that it has any one meaning. Colla sible Pro ert Not all property of a corporation...

Lehmann, Herman August

2012-06-07

184

International Finance Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a part of the World Bank, the stated vision of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) is "that poor people have the opportunity to escape poverty and to improve their lives." To whit, the IFC works to promote open and competitive markets in developing countries, generate productive jobs and deliver basic services, among other things. First-time visitors will find that the layout of the site is visually stimulating and quite user-friendly. Visitors can use the embedded search engine to look for specific materials of interest.

185

Demonstrating the Gas Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a complete computer program demonstrating the relationship between volume/pressure for Boyle's Law, volume/temperature for Charles' Law, and volume/moles of gas for Avagadro's Law. The programing reinforces students' application of gas laws and equates a simulated moving piston to theoretical values derived using the ideal gas law.…

Holko, David A.

1982-01-01

186

law, economic analysis of  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the economic analysis of five primary fields of law: property law; liability for accidents; contract law; litigation; and public enforcement and criminal law. It also briefly considers some criticisms of the economic analysis of law. Keywords adverse possession; asymmetric information; Becker, G.; Bentham, J.; bona fide purchase rule; Coase, R.; collective action; compensated takings; contract formation; contractual

A. Mitchell Polinsky; Steven Shavell

187

OECD Principles of Corporate Governance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The "Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Principles of Corporate Governance" sets out a structure for directing and controlling corporate businesses. This document (html or .pdf) consists of five sections detailing the principles: "The rights of shareholders," "The equitable treatment of shareholders," "The role of stakeholders in corporate governance," "Disclosure and transparency," and "The responsibilities of the board," as well as annotations for each of the sections. Be sure to visit the OECD Principles of Corporate Governance Q&A page, linked at the top of the page.

188

Multinational Corporations vs. Domestic Corporations: Financial Performance and Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analysis in this paper is composed of two segments. First, the financial performance of a sample of multinational corporations (MNCs) is compared with that derived for a control group of domestic corporations (DMCs) using market-based performance measures. Then, the paper presents a comparison of selected financial characteristics of the firms in the two groups. The results suggest the DMCs

Allen Michel; Israel Shaked

1986-01-01

189

The Manufacture of Corporate Social Responsibility: Constructing Corporate Sensibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a framework for differentiating between mere image and substance in corporate claims to social responsibility. The paper begins by drawing upon the work of Levinas to explore the nature of responsibility and ethical sensibility. It then explores four versions of corporate social responsibility (CSR): the conditions under which CSR is squeezed out by the dominance of financial

John Roberts

2003-01-01

190

Corporate reputation versus corporate branding: the realist debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies in the fields of marketing and corporate identity are at a crossroads. Changes in the structure of organisations and their operating environments have led to the emergence of the concept of corporate branding and possibly even the development of a new domain of management science. This paper traces the development of brand thinking from both a marketing (customer market)

David Bickerton

2000-01-01

191

Business Development Corporation, Inc.  

SciTech Connect

Business Development Corporation, Inc., is a company specializing in opportunity seeking and business development activities in the {open_quotes}new{close_quotes} post communist Central and Eastern Europe, with particular emphasis on the Republics of Poland and Slovakia. The company currently focuses its expertise on strategic investing and business development between Central Europe and the United States of America. In Poland and Slovakia, the company specializes in developing large scale energy and environmental {open_quotes}infrastructure{close_quotes} development projects on the federal, state, and local level. In addition, the company assists large state owned industries in the transformation and privatization process. Business Development Corporation has assisted and continues to assist in projects of national importance. The staff of experts advise numerous large Polish and Slovak companies, most owned or in the process of privatization, on matters of restructuring, finance, capital structure, strategic parternships or investors, mergers, acquisitions and joint ventures with U.S. based firms. The company also assists and advises on a variety of environmental and energy matters in the public and private sector.

Jasek, S.

1995-12-31

192

Corporate citizenship: Statoil.  

PubMed

Open markets alone do not guarantee equitable and sustainable development. Income disparities are growing both within and between countries to the extent that the marginalization of the poor has become a key challenge of globalization. To meet this challenge, the global community must address the governance gap between global finance/economics and local or national politics in world affairs. This article discusses how globalization is shaping Statoil's approach to corporate citizenship. The Norwegian firm, with 17,000 workers in some 25 countries, is one of the major net sellers of crude oil and supplies Europe with natural gas. Statoil maintains that corporations can contribute to global governance by conducting business in a manner that is ethical, economically viable, environmentally sound, and socially responsible. This contribution can be achieved through development partnerships with national governments, multilateral institutions, and nongovernmental organizations. Norway's Statoil ASA is one of the world's largest net sellers of crude oil and a major supplier of natural gas to Europe. It is the leading Scandinavian retailer of petroleum and other oil products. Statoil employs approximately 17,000 workers and operates in 25 countries. PMID:17208716

Fjell, Olav

2003-01-01

193

Theory "W": The Corporate Warrior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes power structure of corporations functioning under Theory W in which single leaders, in partnership with trusted followers, achieve corporate success. Basis of this industrial structure is attributed to social and developmental structures of prehistoric man and city states. Dimensions of W, X, Y, and Z theories are discussed. (MBR)

Morris, David J., Jr.

1986-01-01

194

Forestry Commission England Corporate Plan  

E-print Network

this corporate plan which sets out how the Forestry Commission in England will work with a wide range of partners this corporate plan which sets out how the Forestry Commission will contribute towards delivering these goals. I they are highly-valuable places to visit and enjoy. Our natural environment underpins our economic prosperity, our

195

The Changing Shape of Corporations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter contains two articles dealing with the changing shape of corporations. The article "Trends in Business Culture" argues that Wal-Mart's emergence as the largest corporation in the United States reflects the larger economic shift in the U.S. economy from production of goods to provision of abstract goods such as services and…

Wagner, June G.

2003-01-01

196

Corporate Governance in Financial Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 29th - 30th March 2007, SUERF and the Central Bank of Cyprus jointly organized a Seminar: Corporate Governance in Financial Institutions. The papers in the present publication are based on a sample of the presentations at the Seminar. Together, the papers illuminate a number of key issues in corporate governance in a variety of financial firms. In the first

Spyros G. Stavrinakis; Christian Harm; David T. Llewellyn; Bridget Gandy; Peter Shaw; Peter Tebbutt; Mark Young

197

Corporate Reputation: The Definitional Landscape  

Microsoft Academic Search

While interest in the concept of corporate rep- utation has gained momentum in the last few years, a precise and commonly agreed upon definition is still lacking. This paper reviews the many definitions of corporate reputation present in the recent literature and categorizes these definitions based on their similarities and differences. The purpose of the study is to review, analyze

Michael L. Barnett; John M. Jermier; Barbara A. Lafferty

2006-01-01

198

Corporate reputation: the boardroom challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boardroom recognition of the importance of reputation as a key business driver is growing. This article analyses the findings of the Corporate Reputation Watch – a study by Harris Interactive for Hill and Knowlton – which examines the attitudes towards corporate reputation of over 800 CEOs and senior business figures from seven countries across Europe and North America. The survey

Andrew Pharoah

2003-01-01

199

Corporate reputation: Meaning and measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate reputation has attracted interest from a wide range of academic disciplines. It is also a growing focus for business and media attention. This paper examines the construct of corporate reputation, first by untangling the terminological problems that have been caused by the interdisciplinary nature of much of the earlier work in the area. The construct of reputation and the

Rosa Chun

2005-01-01

200

Corporate reputation: concept and measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate reputation is formed by the firm’s various publics on the basis of information and experience. Different publics consider different informational cues. Focusses on the cues considered by customers of a beverage firm. Uses focus groups and a survey among consumers to develop an instrument to measure corporate reputation. The instrument can be used to track the evolution of the

Albert Caruana

1997-01-01

201

Corporate Reputation: Image and Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT It is fruitful to consider two complementary per- spectives on the concept of corporate reputation and its relationship to success and credibility. The first of these can be said to be a managerial or pragmatic perspective. Its basis is economic rationality and it focuses on traditional notions of corporate success. It is primarily concerned with the qualities imputed to

Peter Pruzan

2001-01-01

202

Corporate Connections The Bath Advantage  

E-print Network

Corporate Connections The Bath Advantage Daniel Goord, BSc in Business Administration, on placement The Corporate Partners Scheme Contact us (inside back cover) www.bathconnectsyou.com Contents 02 03 05 06 06 07 have an excellent reputation for business education and international research. We work with a wide

Burton, Geoffrey R.

203

Corporations on the Front Line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few years multinational corporations have been coming increasingly under attack from a number of forces, including non governmental organisations, “political shoppers” and grass root activists. While these civil or market based forms of regulation have had some effect in moderating corporate behaviour, this paper argues that the effect is necessarily limited. What is proving to be more

Noreena Hertz

2004-01-01

204

Corporate universities of the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate universities, like other lines of business within an enterprise, have customers and other stakeholders whose wants need to be satisfied. They operate in an environment subject to demographic, technological, and political trends that could affect their business. The leaders of corporate universities need to define the business situation they face so as to leverage their university’s strengths, minimize its

Stephen A. Stumpf

1998-01-01

205

Corporate Governance for Shareholder Value  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last few years there has been serious debate about the generally poor quality of corporate governance in Indian companies and the need to improve the same. This has led to the publication of a recommended code of corporate governance by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). More recently, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) formed its

Venkiteswaran N

206

The Banning of Corporal Punishment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the 1985 resolution of the Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI) for participation in the interdisciplinary effort to ban corporal punishment. Discusses distinctions between discipline and child abuse. Reports medical and psychological effects of physical punishment, and relationships between school corporal punishment…

Cryan, John R.

1995-01-01

207

The Farm and Ranch Corporation.  

E-print Network

rooc - ~ TA245.7 1873 0.1302 The Texas A&M University System Texas Agricultural Extension Service 8-1302 Director Daniel C. Pfannstiel College Station, Texas 77843 The Farm and Ranch Corporation Farm and Ranch Busin 0 nization... in Texas CONTENTS Alternative Forms of Business Organization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 3 Closely Held Farm Corporations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 4...

Brints, Norman; Sartin, Marvin

1980-01-01

208

Corporate Science and Technology Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces the growth and development of corporate libraries from their nineteenth century beginnings to the present date; notes the major factors which have influenced their development; and relates many of the innovative changes in systems, procedures, and services in these libraries to the ingenuity and dedication of corporate librarians.

Edythe Moore

1988-01-01

209

Show off the corporate library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some published evidence has suggested that corporate libraries are slowly becoming irrelevant in meeting organisational information needs due to old-fashioned models of service delivery. Elsewhere in the literature the intranet is heralded as a technological tool for corporate information management. This paper provides the results of a series of case studies completed in 1998. The purpose of the research was

Hazel Hall; Alyn M Jones

2000-01-01

210

Western Electric's Corporate Education Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Western Electric Corporate Education Center in Hopewell, NJ, was opened in 1969, centralizing the Company's corporate technical-professional and management educational programs under one roof. The technical-professional curricula is administered under the Graduate Engineering and Information Systems Program, which has gone through an evolutionary period over the years, changing when necessary to keep in the forefront of new knowledge and

Hugh L. Janney

1976-01-01

211

75 FR 64785 - Corporate Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...serve at the corporate by their...of their responsibilities to the NPCU...permits a corporate, if it makes a good faith determination...fiduciary responsibility; (ii...with the corporate credit union...directors, in good faith,...

2010-10-20

212

International Corporate Leadership A uniquely integrated approach  

E-print Network

International Corporate Leadership Programme A uniquely integrated approach The summer work The International Corporate Leadership Programme (ICLP) provides companies with top quality engineering students. International Corporate Leadership Programme `Graduates ready for business' Integrated with degree Mentored

Berzins, M.

213

Harvard University Corporation Committee on Shareholder Responsibility  

E-print Network

of issues of social responsibility that are put before corporate shareholders. Shareholder proposals of social concern and corporate responsibility raised through the proxy process. Because the CCSR's role1 Harvard University Corporation Committee on Shareholder Responsibility Annual Report, 2011

214

Corporate Governance, the Environment, and the Internet  

E-print Network

Internet, and the highly publicized importance of good corporate governance (Corporate Governance, the Environment, and the Internet JaneInternet have the potential to contribute significantly to good corporate governance.

Andrew, Jane

2003-01-01

215

Corporate Support of Education: Some Strings Attached  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporate self-interest should guide corporate giving. Managers of publicly held corporations have the right, the capability, and the obligation to establish a philosophical screen to use in determining how shareholders' money is to be donated. (Author/MLF)

Malott, Robert H.

1978-01-01

216

Computer-Assisted Law Instruction: Clinical Education's Bionic Sibling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-assisted instruction (CAI), like clinical education, has considerable potential for legal training. As an initial Cornell Law School experiment, a lesson in applying different corporate statutory dividend formulations, with a cross-section of balance sheets and other financial data, was used to supplement regular class assignments.…

Henn, Harry G.; Platt, Robert C.

1977-01-01

217

The impact of insolvency laws on venture capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

The venture capital (VC) industry supports innovation in an economy, and has seen much success over the last few years. However, with the inherent risk in any start-up business, the venture capitalist is bound to see some failures. This paper explores the effects of corporate and personal insolvency laws on financially distressed VC funded firms. It also compares the contract

Jai Bhatia

2009-01-01

218

Tax consequences of separating corporate businesses  

E-print Network

. (1) The distributing corporation and the con- trolled corporation are each engaged in the active conduct of a trade or business immedi- ately after the distribution of stock or securi- ties of the controlled corporation; or (2) Immediately before.... (1) The distributing corporation and the con- trolled corporation are each engaged in the active conduct of a trade or business immedi- ately after the distribution of stock or securi- ties of the controlled corporation; or (2) Immediately before...

Zuber, Gordon Dewey

2012-06-07

219

Corporate identity, corporate branding and corporate marketing - Seeing through the fog  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines 15 explanations for the fog which has enveloped the nascent domains of corporate identity and corporate marketing. However, the fog surrounding the area has a silver lining. This is because the fog has, unwittingly, led to the emergence of rich disciplinary, philosophical as well as “national”, schools of thought. In their composite, these approaches have the potential to form

John M. T. Balmer

2001-01-01

220

Hyperphysics: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Hyperphysics page, from Georgia State University, provides detailed explanations for each of Kepler's Laws: the Law of Orbits, Law of Periods, and the Law of Areas. Each description offers appropriate formulas and equations as well as related images and graphics. Various links are provided throughout the article for related information.

Nave, Carl R.

2008-10-28

221

[Teaching about Family Law].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Focus on Law Studies""contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and the family", in the form of the following three articles: "Teaching Family Law: Growing Pains and All" (Susan Frelich Appleton); "The Family Goes to Court: Including Law in a Sociological Perspective on the Family" (Mary Ann Lamanna); and Michael Grossberg's…

Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

1992-01-01

222

Innovations in Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" looks at historical and recent innovations in law. The first article examines the code of laws developed by the ancient Hebrews which influenced Roman law, English law, and the U.S. Declaration of Independence and Constitution. The second article explores Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of…

Martz, Carlton

2000-01-01

223

The nexus between ethical corporate marketing, ethical corporate identity and corporate social responsibility : An internal organisational perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The commentary aims to consider the nexus between corporate marketing, ethical corporate marketing, ethical corporate identity and corporate social responsibility. It seeks to take an explicit internal organisational perspective. It also aims to identify future research avenues. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The commentary explains the relevance of the previous interlinking concepts with a discussion based on a review of past

Shaun M. Powell

2011-01-01

224

Faculty of Law Faculty of Law  

E-print Network

to Islamic Jurisprudence 0410171 04101713Personal Status" Marriage & Divorce" 0410272 04101713Personal Status)0420262 ---------3Public Finance & Taxes0420263 ----------3Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law 0420245

225

24 CFR 81.92 - Law governing rights and obligations of United States, Federal Reserve Banks, and GSEs; rights of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Book-Entry Procedures § 81.92 Law governing rights and obligations of United States, Federal Reserve Banks,...

2012-04-01

226

24 CFR 81.92 - Law governing rights and obligations of United States, Federal Reserve Banks, and GSEs; rights of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Book-Entry Procedures § 81.92 Law governing rights and obligations of United States, Federal Reserve Banks,...

2013-04-01

227

75 FR 58465 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law: Notice of Annual Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...private international law conventions (including the Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements, the UNCITRAL E-Commerce and Letter of Credit Conventions, and others); globalization and cross- border corporate insolvency;...

2010-09-24

228

26 CFR 1.902-1 - Credit for domestic corporate shareholder of a foreign corporation for foreign income taxes paid...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...percent of Corporation A's stock is owned by Z, a foreign corporation. Corporation A...3u to Corporation M and 27u to Corporation Z. Corporation M is deemed, under paragraph...dividends paid to Corporation M and Corporation Z in 1992. Under paragraph...

2012-04-01

229

26 CFR 1.902-1 - Credit for domestic corporate shareholder of a foreign corporation for foreign income taxes paid...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...percent of Corporation A's stock is owned by Z, a foreign corporation. Corporation A...3u to Corporation M and 27u to Corporation Z. Corporation M is deemed, under paragraph...dividends paid to Corporation M and Corporation Z in 1992. Under paragraph...

2010-04-01

230

26 CFR 1.902-1 - Credit for domestic corporate shareholder of a foreign corporation for foreign income taxes paid...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...percent of Corporation A's stock is owned by Z, a foreign corporation. Corporation A...3u to Corporation M and 27u to Corporation Z. Corporation M is deemed, under paragraph...dividends paid to Corporation M and Corporation Z in 1992. Under paragraph...

2013-04-01

231

26 CFR 1.902-1 - Credit for domestic corporate shareholder of a foreign corporation for foreign income taxes paid...  

...percent of Corporation A's stock is owned by Z, a foreign corporation. Corporation A...3u to Corporation M and 27u to Corporation Z. Corporation M is deemed, under paragraph...dividends paid to Corporation M and Corporation Z in 1992. Under paragraph...

2014-04-01

232

26 CFR 1.902-1 - Credit for domestic corporate shareholder of a foreign corporation for foreign income taxes paid...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...percent of Corporation A's stock is owned by Z, a foreign corporation. Corporation A...3u to Corporation M and 27u to Corporation Z. Corporation M is deemed, under paragraph...dividends paid to Corporation M and Corporation Z in 1992. Under paragraph...

2011-04-01

233

Corporate Security and Conflict Outcomes  

E-print Network

of the state as a firm that trades services for rents. I propose that PSFs' influence conflict based on corporate structure, competition and transparency. The empirical analysis examines PSF operations in the U.S.-Iraq conflict. Insurgent attacks...

Tkach, Benjamin K

2013-10-21

234

Great Falls Corporation, Auburn, Maine.  

PubMed

On November 1, 1984, Androscoggin Home Health Services restructured itself into three separate entities corporately linked via a holding company and with overlapping governance among the parent and its two subsidiaries. AHHS the parent and its two subsidiaries. AHHS remains the Medicare-certified agency with additional grant-funded programs. Great Falls Homecare Corporation is the private-pay personal care services subsidiary. As third subsidiary, Great Falls Management Corporation, has recently been organized for more effective and responsive management services. If asked whether corporate restructuring appears at this time to ensure survival over the long haul, a resounding "yes" would be heard from management and directors alike. Restructuring isn't easy, but it is insurance worth purchasing for the future. PMID:10272158

Perry, B

1985-07-01

235

Campuses Weld the Corporate Link.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1984 survey by American Council on Education, Campus Trends, offers evidence of the extent of academe's involvement in corporate-college collaborative activities. Links including assisting students, supporting research, training employees, and joint programs are discussed. (MLW)

El-Khawas, Elaine

1985-01-01

236

Encycogov: Encyclopedia of Corporate Governance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Encyclopedia of Corporate Governance, or encycogov for short, is created and maintained by Henrik Mathiesen, a PhD candidate at the Department of International Economics and Management at the Copenhagen Business School. Content on the site is divided into two sections: Specific Topics and General Topics. Topics in both sections begin with a paragraph explaining the overarching definition of the principle, and link to a variety of tables, "exhibitions," and models that further illustrate the definition. For example, the Bankruptcy Systems section begins with the definition and is followed up by two tables: "Effects of bankruptcy systems on corporate performance and other kinds of institutions of relevance for corporate governance" and "International corporate governance- Tentative characterizations of legal and empirical state of large firm bankruptcy systems in various countries as of 1980-95: 1) Developing countries. 2)Germany. 3) Japan. 4) Anglo-American countries. 5) Denmark." Also included on the site are references and site users information.

2010-01-05

237

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE PROBLEMS IN TRANSITION ECONOMIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research in the area of corporate governance spans multiple disciplines, including finance, strategic management, sociology and political science. The state of current knowledge is such that we need to have an interdisciplinary approach to studying the problem of corporate governance. The study of corporate governance can involve the problems of corporate decision making, strategic management, leadership, organization theory, and the

Verica Babic

238

Corporate Governance and Earnings Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This study investigates whether a firm’s corporate governance practices have an effect onthe quality of its publicly released financial information. In particular, we examine the relationship between,audit committee,and board of directors characteristics and the extent of corporate,earnings ,management ,as measured ,by the ,level of positive ,and ,negative discretionary accruals. Using two groups of US firms, one with relatively high

Sonda Marrakchi Chtourou; Jean Bédard; Lucie Courteau

2001-01-01

239

Corporate Social Responsibilityin the Blogosphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses social network analysis to examine the interaction between corporate blogs devoted to sustainability issues\\u000a and the blogosphere, a clustered online network of collaborative actors. By analyzing the structural embeddedness of a prototypical\\u000a blog in a virtual community, we show the potential of online platforms to document corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities\\u000a and to engage with an increasingly

Christian Fieseler; Matthes Fleck; Miriam Meckel

2010-01-01

240

Is International Law Really State Law?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Revisionist scholars have recently challenged the hornbook rule that United States federal courts shall determine questions of customary international law as federal law. The revisionists claim that the traditional rule violates constitutional history and doctrine, and offends fundamental principles of separation of powers, federalism, and democracy. Professor Koh rebuts the revisionist challenge, applying each of the revisionists' own stated criteria.

Harold Hongju Koh

1998-01-01

241

Corporate and White Collar Crime, Cases and Materials, Fifth Edition (Aspen Casebook Series)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the fifth edition of Corporate and White Collar Crime: Cases and Materials, well-known author Kathleen Brickey, continues to provide systematic and comprehensive consideration of major white collar crime statutes in the federal criminal code, securities laws, and environmental statutes. Its focus on major white collar crime statutes distinguishes this book from its competitors and provides timely and topical coverage

Kathleen F. Brickey

2011-01-01

242

76 FR 27697 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Options Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Provide Flexibility to the Options Clearing Corporation...the proposed rule change is to provide flexibility to OCC with respect to its obligations...OCC's By-Laws and Rules to provide flexibility to OCC with respect to its...

2011-05-12

243

78 FR 2879 - Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Funding and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Investment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Farm Credit Administration (FCA), through the FCA Board, issued a final rule amending its regulations governing investment management practices of the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation. In accordance with the law, the effective date of the final rule is 30 days from the date of publication in the Federal Register during which either or both Houses of Congress are in...

2013-01-15

244

Newton's First Law (Inertia)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is a classroom investigation where students gather information from observing Newton's first law, develop a definition of Newton's first law and force, and apply to real life situations.

Schilling, Nikki

245

Civil Law Glossary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a glossary of civil law terms originally compiled for journalists by the American Bar Association. Defines many essential civil law concepts and practices including compensatory damages, jurisdiction, motion to dismiss, discovery, and remedy. (MJP)

Update on Law-Related Education, 1997

1997-01-01

246

Drunk Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... first-time offenders . *We defer to our State Highway Safety Office members' interpretation of the law. Some ... is transferred to the state DOT or State Highway Safety Office. Alcohol exclusion laws allow insurance companies ...

247

Fundamental Laws of Algebra  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning object from Wisc-Online covers the fundamental laws of algebra. The interactive activity includes slides which cover the following topics: the commutative, associative and distributive laws as applied to addition and multiplication.

Blohowiak, Chad; Jensen, Douglas; Reed, Allen

2005-01-01

248

Advertising Law Internet Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advertising Law Internet Site houses articles about the legal aspects of marketing products, with particular emphasis on infomercials, home shopping, and direct response TV. Other articles discuss 900 Number regulations, contest laws, business opportunity laws, and additional aspects of promotion law. The site also houses copies of FTC Guides and Speeches and FTC Rules and statutes. Consumer Advisories issued by the FTC will also be made available at the site.

249

Generalized law for aftershocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A generalized law for aftershock decay rates is provided through the combination of the Gutenberg-Richter frequency magnitude relation, Bath's law, and the modified Omori's law. Several large quakes with readily identified aftershocks were studied. Results indicate that aftershock decay rates depended on several parameters specific to each seismic region. It was found that the law can be used to forecast the rate of aftershock occurrence after specific information about the main shock's magnitude and the area's land is known.

Shcherbakov, Robert; Rundle, John B.; Turcotte, Donald L.; Agu

250

77 FR 41808 - General Dynamics Itronix Corporation, a Subsidiary of General Dynamics Corporation, Including...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Dynamics Corporation, Including Remote Workers Reporting to Sunrise, FL; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding Application...Corporation, a subsidiary of General Dynamics Corporation, Sunrise, Florida. The determination was issued on May 18,...

2012-07-16

251

78 FR 1253 - Schweizer Aircraft Corporation, a Subsidiary of Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation, a Division of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Subsidiary of Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation, a Division...Cameron Mfg. and Design, Inc., Express Employment...subsidiary of Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation, a division...Cameron Mfg. and Design, Inc., Express Employment...Workers of Schweizer Aircraft Corporation, a...

2013-01-08

252

78 FR 60375 - Rogue Valley Terminal Railroad Corporation-Corporate Family Transaction Exemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FD 35768] Rogue Valley Terminal Railroad Corporation--Corporate...Transaction Exemption Rogue Valley Terminal Railroad Corporation (Rogue Valley...WCTU Railway LLC, or White City Terminal & Utility Co. (WCTU) and...

2013-10-01

253

Covenant model of corporate compliance. "Corporate integrity" program meets mission, not just legal, requirements.  

PubMed

Catholic healthcare should establish comprehensive compliance strategies, beyond following Medicare reimbursement laws, that reflect mission and ethics. A covenant model of business ethics--rather than a self-interest emphasis on contracts--can help organizations develop a creed to focus on obligations and trust in their relationships. The corporate integrity program (CIP) of Mercy Health System Oklahoma promotes its mission and interests, educates and motivates its employees, provides assurance of systemwide commitment, and enforces CIP policies and procedures. Mercy's creed, based on its mission statement and core values, articulates responsibilities regarding patients and providers, business partners, society and the environment, and internal relationships. The CIP is carried out through an integrated network of committees, advocacy teams, and an expanded institutional review board. Two documents set standards for how Mercy conducts external affairs and clarify employee codes of conduct. PMID:10181597

Tuohey, J F

1998-01-01

254

Newton's Laws of Motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

THERE is a point in connection with Newton's laws of motion which tha text-books on dynamics, which found the science upon those laws, seem to me to leave very inconveniently and unnecessarily mysterious. The point to which I allude is the meaning of the words ``rest or uniform motion in a straight line'' in the first law. The difficult words

1887-01-01

255

Teaching About the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practitioner-oriented book provides objectives and goals, learning activities, resources, teaching techniques, and other sources helpful for K-12 teachers developing, planning, and implementing law education programs in the social studies classroom. The first chapter examines the role of the law and society, goals for instruction, and law for…

Gerlach, Ronald A.; Lamprecht, Lynne W.

256

Utah Marriage Divorce Laws  

E-print Network

) if the people being married are of the same sex.4 Foreign marriages are valid even if they would be prohibited and void under Utah law, so long as it does not result in a same-sex marriage, a bigamous marriageUtah Marriage & Divorce Laws By Steve Averett J. Reuben Clark Law School Brigham Young University

Seamons, Kent E.

257

European tax law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is intended as a textbook for students reading tax law or EC law. It offers a systematic survey of the tax implications of the EC Treaty and of European integration and of the EC tax harmonization policy, a discussion of the Community tax rules in force, and a discussion of the EC Court's case law in tax matters.

B. J. M. Terra; P. J. Wattel

2008-01-01

258

Kepler and his Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson discusses the work of Tycho Brahe and his connection with Johannes Kepler. Students will receive an introduction to conic sections along with Kepler's laws and observe the mathematical formulation of the third law, and its explicit form for artificial Earth satellites. In addition, the student will confirm Kepler's third law by comparing orbital periods and mean distances for all major planets.

Stern, David

259

Law of Empires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores issues raised by empires and imperial law. The first article, "Clash of Empires: The Fight for North America," looks at the clash of empires and the fight for North America during the 18th century. The second article, "When Roman Law Ruled the Western World," examines Roman Law, which helped hold…

Martz, Carlton

2001-01-01

260

Women, Law and Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the comparative underrepresentation of women practicing law and holding elective public office, the pattern and pace of female entry along career paths to elective offices, and the prospects for increasing female representation in law and politics. The data are collected by state and region in five year intervals from 1955 to 1985. Law and first professional degree

Christine B. Williams

1990-01-01

261

School of Law Scholarships  

E-print Network

. received his law degree in 1964 and retired in 1974 as an Associate Justice of the SC Supreme Court. He received his law degree in 1934. He practiced law for a number of years, then in 1962 was elected to the Circuit Court, where he served until his retirement in 1979. He died in 1989. James Brailsford, Jr

Almor, Amit

262

On polynomial reciprocity law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The well-known law of quadratic reciprocity has over 150 proofs in print. We establish a relation between polynomial Jacobi symbols and resultants of polynomials over finite fields. Using this relation, we prove the polynomial reciprocity law and obtain a polynomial analogue of classical Burde's quartic reciprocity law. Under the use of our polynomial Poisson summation formula and the evaluation of

Chih-Nung Hsu

2003-01-01

263

Laws and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

J. J. C Smart (1963) once argued that biology is unlike the physical sciences because there are no laws in biology. While physics and chemistry can construct general theories centered on genuine laws, biology is limited to case studies that make use of the laws of physics and chemistry: biology is more like engineering than it is like the physical

David Resnik

1997-01-01

264

Newtonâs Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA website briefly explains the history of Sir Isaac Newton, concentrating mainly on his Three Laws of motion. It then applies these concepts to the principles of rockets. It thoroughly describes the concepts of force, momentum, acceleration and inertia via Newton's Three Laws and differential calculus. The website also goes indepth in the relationship between rocket thrust and Newton's Third Law.

2007-08-03

265

Bicycle Law Enforcement Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is an attempt to draw together relevant resources and information for localities interested in developing a bicycle law enforcement operation. It is divided into five major sections. Section I explains the need for and importance of bicycle law enforcement. In section II are presented examples of past and current bicycle law

Hunter, William W.; Stutts, Jane C.

266

Laws of accident causation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that the influence of a number of important risk factors on road accidents can be described in terms of a few highly general statistical regularities that determine the shape of the relationship between the risk factors and accident occurrence. The statistical regularities are referred to as “laws of accident causation”. The following “laws” are proposed:1.The universal law

Rune Elvik

2006-01-01

267

How Law Protects Dignity  

Microsoft Academic Search

One way in which law protects dignity is by enforcing human rights provisions that explictly or implicitly involve the protection of dignity or the prevention of degradation. But law's connection with dignity is also much deeper and more pervasive than this. In the way that it operates, in the way that it presents its requirements, in the way law expects

Jeremy J Waldron

2012-01-01

268

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS  

E-print Network

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

Kostic, Milivoje M.

269

Water, law, science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SummaryIn a world with water resources severely impacted by technology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end, this paper is an earth scientist's attempt to comprehend essential elements of water law, and to examine their connections to science. Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with a priori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science, observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while in law, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law in Europe and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago by Roman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason. Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the sea were governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that these elements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as private property. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jus gentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast, jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jus gentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in which science plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all. This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, follows their evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit of science inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving water and environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In a technological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of water law. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophical understanding of the relationships between science and law will contribute to their constructively coming together in the service of society.

Narasimhan, T. N.

2008-01-01

270

University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation  

E-print Network

Martha Lubin Karsh, Law '81 University of Virginia '78 Edward J. Kelly III, Law '81 Princeton University Samuel B. Witt, III, Law '64 Virginia Military Institute '58 Other Officers Luis Alvarez, Jr., Law '88

Whittle, Mark

271

94 University of Virginia School of Law law school foundation  

E-print Network

University of Virginia '62 elizabeth s. scott, Law '77 William & Mary '67 william M. slaughter, Law '66 James e. coleman, Jr., Law '51 Georgia Institute of Technology '48 wallace l. cook, Law '64 Harvard

Acton, Scott

272

The Normativity of Law in Law and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Normativity of Law in Law and Economics Péter Cserne* 1. Introduction This paper is about some theoretical and methodological problems of law and economics (economic analysis of law, EAL). More specifically, I will use game theoretical insights to answer the question, relevant both for law and economics and legal philosophy, how should a social scientific analysis of law account

Péter Cserne

273

THE FUTURE OF THE CORPORATION: CORPORATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP ON THE FLY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the emerging vision of the business and competitive environment of the future, organizations must be flexible, adaptable, responsive to market need and competition, yet economically viable. Yet current economic conditions and corporate strategies have diminished crucial links to employee innovation. We suggest a transitional organizational form with implications for bridging human and organizational needs, and consider the crucial role

THEODORE T. HERBERT; DEBORAH V. BRAZEAL

274

EDUCATION LAW A Career Guide  

E-print Network

EDUCATION LAW A Career Guide Written By: Dan Ahearn, Attorney Advisor & Ross MacConnell, Summer.law.harvard.edu/current/careers/opia/ #12;Education Law Guide 2009, page 1 Table of Contents Introduction..........................................................................................12 Education Law at Harvard

Wolfe, Patrick J.

275

Water, law, science  

SciTech Connect

In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

Narasimhan, T.N.

2007-10-17

276

43 CFR 3902.25 - Corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) OIL SHALE MANAGEMENT-GENERAL Qualification Requirements § 3902.25 Corporations. Corporate officers or...

2013-10-01

277

Corporate governance : the case for Asian REITs  

E-print Network

At the entity level, the design of sound corporate governance mechanisms is critical for REITs that are preparing to go public. At the industry level, issues of transparency and corporate governance are consequential to ...

Tan, Denise, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01

278

78 FR 29366 - Green Mountain Power Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...TS04-277-002] Green Mountain Power Corporation...that on May 2, 2013, Green Mountain Power Corporation...intervention to the Federal Energy Regulatory...

2013-05-20

279

Corporate decision analysis : an engineering approach  

E-print Network

We explore corporate decisions and their solutions under uncertainty using engineering methods. Corporate decisions tend to be complex; they are interdisciplinary and defy programmable solutions. To address these challenges, ...

Tang, Victor, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01

280

22 CFR 96.31 - Corporate structure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTION ACT OF 2000 (IAA) Standards for Convention Accreditation and Approval Licensing and Corporate Governance § 96.31 Corporate structure. (a) The agency qualifies for nonprofit tax treatment under section...

2010-04-01

281

The Reality of Corporate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the gap between instructional development (ID) theory and practice, then proposes a conceptual framework to illuminate how expert ID practitioners work in the corporate world. Historically, the bulk of instructional development research has focused on model-building: identifying critical ID component tasks and organizing and…

Liang, Chaucer Chaoyun; And Others

282

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is the homepage of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). The non-profit consortium of over 100 university members and affiliates was founded in 1960 to enhance the capabilities of the universities and to focus on scientific problems that are beyond the scale of a single university. Links connect to research, news, education and tools related to atmospheric research.

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)

283

Internship opportunity with URS Corporation  

E-print Network

Internship opportunity with URS Corporation URS is the largest global engineering design firm of undergraduate studies to participate in an internship program with the School of Ocean & Earth Science & Technology (SOEST) at the University of Hawaii. The intent of the internship is two-fold: · To establish

284

Emerging Issues in Corporate Entrepreneurship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on corporate entrepreneurship (CE) has grown rapidly over the past decade. In this article, we identify four major issues scholars can pursue to further our understanding about CE. The issues we explore include various forms of CE (e.g., sustained regeneration, domain redefinition) and their implications for organizational learning; the role of leadership and social exchange in the CE process;

R. D. Ireland; S. A. Zahra; S. W. Floyd; J. J. Janney

2003-01-01

285

Corporate diversification and earnings management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to find out whether corporate diversification provides a favourable environment for earnings management (agency conflicts hypothesis) or whether it mitigates this phenomenon (earnings volatility hypothesis). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on a sample of US firms and making an explicit distinction between industrial and geographic diversification, univariate and multivariate analyses are used to test

Imen Khanchel El Mehdi; Souad Seboui

2011-01-01

286

Governance Mechanisms and Corporate Disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper explores a flrm’s reliance on internal and external governance mechanisms as part of the flrm’s overall governance policy. We argue that flrms’ disclosure policies, by promot- ing greater transparency, foster external scrutiny and thus activity in the market for corporate control. Takeovers and internal board monitoring are therefore substitute instruments for cor- porate governance. However, agency problems

Robert Hauswald; Robert Marquez

287

The Conflicting Cognitions of Corporate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research in the entrepreneurial cognition domain has demonstrated that entrepreneurs tend to draw from similar sets of event schemas when considering to start a new venture. The social cognition literature also explains that role schemas affect how individuals encode, process, and use information. In this article, we examine the interplay and divergence between the role schema of individuals in corporations

Keith M. Hmieleski

288

Ownership structure and corporate financing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines empirically the effect of ownership structure on the corporate financing decision from the agency theory perspective. This article contributes to the literature by examining the static and the dynamic effects of managerial insiders and large shareholders' ownership on the capital structure. Based on panel data analysis for a sample of Jordanian industrial firms during the period 2001

Nedal A. Al-Fayoumi; Bana M. Abuzayed

2009-01-01

289

Corporate Social Responsibility: Strategic Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a variety of perspectives on corporate social responsibility (CSR), which we use to develop a framework for consideration of the strategic implications of CSR. Based on this framework, we propose an agenda for additional theoretical and empirical research on CSR. We then review the papers in this special issue and relate them to the proposed agenda. Copyright Blackwell

Abagail McWilliams; Donald S. Siegel; Patrick M. Wright

2006-01-01

290

Ethical branding and corporate reputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of ethical branding and its link to corporate reputation. Brands have traditionally been studied only as an economic construct. Brands, as a social construct, have not yet been fully understood due to the lack of research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper discusses major issues with references to existing literature

Ying Fan

2005-01-01

291

Corporate Overview Founded on Values  

E-print Network

1 Corporate Overview #12;Founded on Values Established in 1946, CH2M HILL operated from its very in Non-U.S. Locations #12;Global Reputation Named a leader in sustainable engineering (2010 among 581 companies (Dow Jones Sector Titans or comparable) by Swiss-based ethics and reputation analyst

Subramanian, Venkat

292

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Prostate Cancer  

E-print Network

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Prostate Cancer Volume 2011, Article ID 176164, 7 pages doi:10.1155/2011/176164 Clinical Study Effect of Zoledronic Acid on Bone Mineral Density in Men with Prostate Cancer Receiving cancer is well recognized. We assessed the effects of quarterly infusion of zoledronic acid on bone

Ahn, Hongshik

293

The Case for Corporal Punishment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A young child who has not been taught to obey the directives of his parents or his teachers is liable to suffer serious consequences in a sometimes hostile environment. Teacher organizations tend to support retention, or reinstitution, of the possibility of using corporal punishment as one means of correction or control. Ultimately, the case for…

Ebel, Robert L.

294

Democratic theory and corporate governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is democracy, in any sense of that ambiguous concept, an appropriate eth­ ical principle for the governance of the modern corporation? That is the question to be explored in this essay. On the surface, the question seems innocuous. But an affirmative response can lead to contentious implications, at least in the context of Western capitalist civilization. Thus the judgment of

Douglas Sturm

1988-01-01

295

Reputation and the Corporate Brand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations increasingly recognize the importance of corporate reputation to achieve business goals and stay competitive. In recent years, companies as large and prominent as Arthur Andersen and Bridgestone\\/Firestone learned hard lessons about how quickly a damaged reputation can harm employee and cus- tomer loyalty, threatening a company's finan- cial well being and even its viability. Public confidence in business is

Paul A. Argenti; Bob T. Druckenmiller

2003-01-01

296

FDIC: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation WWW Home Page is open for business. At this site, there is information on the U.S. banking industry, financial information on the condition of the Bank Insurance Fund and the Savings Association Insurance Fund, consumer information, and press releases.

297

Black Managers in White Corporations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines the major determinants of the career patterns of black managers in white businesses and the effects of corporations on their black managers' identities and relationships to the black community. Analyzed were occupational mobility theories; white and black managers' career patterns, goals, and related factors; company employment…

Fernandez, John P.

298

Economic Literacy among Corporate Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of a telephone survey of employees (n=1001) of large corporations (n=7) conducted for the Business Roundtable. Embeds 20 questions keyed to the Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics to measure economic literacy. Finds that economic literacy was associated with education level, courses in economics, high income, and…

Wood, William C.; Doyle, Joanne M.

2002-01-01

299

Referent Tracking for Corporate Memories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate memories (CM) are information systems designed to keep track of the history and evolution of an enterprise with the goal of using past experience to enhance performance in the future. Well designed CMs should contain data about both the enterprise and the environment in which it operates. The former, traditionally embodied in what is referred to as an 'enterprise

Werner CEUSTERS; Barry SMITH

300

Retirement Preparation: Growing Corporate Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of the nation's largest corporations on their attitudes toward retirement and older workers revealed a heightened awareness of inflation's effect on retirees and of the need for retirement planning programs. Though few such programs presently exist, interest in employer-employee cooperation in retirement preparation is rising. (SK)

Aging and Work: A Journal on Age, Work and Retirement, 1980

1980-01-01

301

Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the possible implications of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) for employee expectations and satisfactions. Specifically, interest centered on the question of how perceptions of an organization's involvement in the resolution of current societal problems might relate to members' expectations of equitable job rewards and…

Gavin, James F.; Maynard, William S.

1975-01-01

302

A Political Account of Corporate Moral Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Should we conceive of corporations as entities to which moral responsibility can be attributed? This contribution presents\\u000a what we will call a political account of corporate moral responsibility. We argue that in modern, liberal democratic societies, there is an underlying\\u000a political need to attribute greater levels of moral responsibility to corporations. Corporate moral responsibility is essential\\u000a to the maintenance of

Wim Dubbink; Jeffery Smith

2011-01-01

303

48 CFR 528.202 - Acceptability of corporate sureties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Acceptability of corporate sureties. Corporate surety bonds must be manually...of the surety company and the corporate seal affixed. The contracting officer may waive failure of the surety to affix the corporate seal as a minor...

2010-10-01

304

12 CFR 7.2000 - Corporate governance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Corporate governance procedures. 7.2000 Section 7.2000 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER...OPERATIONS Corporate Practices § 7.2000 Corporate governance procedures...amended thereafter), or the Model Business Corporation Act (1984, as...

2010-01-01

305

Sustainable development and corporate environmental responsibility: A comparative study of Chinese and multinational corporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

China is currently experiencing rapid growth in terms of economy. The price of this, however, is dirty pollution and energy consumption. Many Chinese corporations are lacking in corporate environmental responsibility (CER). Therefore, this study aims to identify different reasons why corporations engage in CER and different stakeholders who focus on CER by compare Chinese and multinational corporations. The results imply

M. He; J. Chen

2008-01-01

306

Corporations, collective action and corporate governance: One size does not fit all  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of the theory and evidence on corporate governance indicates several related themes. First, corporate governance is multidimensional. Second, corporate governance is an endogenous response to a firm’s economic environment. Third, the role of different governance mechanisms varies across industries. New analysis of a sample of 1235 US corporations from 40 different industries in the year 2000 confirms the

J. Harold Mulherin

2005-01-01

307

Financial resources and corporate reputation : Toward common management principles for managing corporate reputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify convergent elements between corporate reputation and financial resources. The paper seeks to draw parallels between corporate reputation management and corporate financial management in order to define common management principles. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In this paper, the analogy-based approach is used to identify similarities in the functions and risks between corporate reputation

Alfonso Siano; Philip J. Kitchen; Maria Giovanna Confetto

2010-01-01

308

Newton's Second Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to Sir Isaac Newton's Second Law of Motion. Topics include the two ways to study the dynamics of a system in which there is motion, a brief description of Newton's work in studying and measuring the motion of objects, and a summary of his three laws of motion. The lesson includes an activity in which students test Newton's Second Law by measuring the acceleration of a cart which is being pulled by increasingly larger masses.

Pratte, John

309

The path to corporate responsibility.  

PubMed

Nike's tagline,"Just do it," is an inspirational call to action for the millions who wear the company's athletic gear. But in terms of corporate responsibility, Nike didn't always follow its own advice. In the 1990s, protesters railed against sweatshop conditions at some of its overseas suppliers and made Nike the global poster child for corporate ethical fecklessness. The intense pressure that activists exerted on the athletic apparel giant forced it to take a long, hard look at corporate responsibility--sooner than it might have otherwise. In this article, Simon Zadek, CEO of the UK-based institute AccountAbility, describes the bumpy route Nike has traveled to get to a better ethical place, one that cultivates and champions responsible business practices. Organizations learn in unique ways, Zadek contends, but they inevitably pass through five stages of corporate responsibility, from defensive ("It's not our fault") to compliance ("We'll do only what we have to") to managerial ("It's the business") to strategic ("It gives us a competitive edge") and, finally, to civil ("We need to make sure everybody does it"). He details Nike's arduous trek through these stages-from the company's initial defensive stance, when accusations about working conditions arose, all the way to its engagement today in the international debate about business's role in society and in public policy. As he outlines this evolution, Zadek offers valuable insights to executives grappling with the challenge of managing responsible business practices. Beyond just getting their own houses in order, the author argues, companies need to stay abreast of the public's evolving ideas about corporate roles and responsibilities. Organizations that do both will engage in what he calls"civil learning". PMID:15605571

Zadek, Simon

2004-12-01

310

Rule 2 (e) and Corporate Officers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning in 1975, the SEC has used rule 2(e) of the Rules of Practice to discipline corporate officers. This article discusses the nature of rule 2(e) proceedings involving corporate officers, and legal and policy reasons why corporate officers should not be subject to these proceedings. The author also suggests an appropriate management response for officers faced with rule 2(e) proceedings.

George J. Siedel

1984-01-01

311

Corporate Branding, Retailing, and Retail Internationalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate branding emerged as a key concept in the late 1990s. A number of leading retai- lers have embraced corporate branding and, it could be argued, are among its most extensive proponents. There are, however, issues for retailers in corporate branding arising from the nature of retail operations. Internationalization has for many retailers been a key strategy of recent years.

Steve L. Burt; Leigh Sparks

2002-01-01

312

Corporate Associations in Marketing: Antecedents and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate associations' — what an individual knows or feels about a particular organization — have long been thought to influence consu- mers' and other audiences' responses to a com- pany and its products. Although researchers have studied corporate image and related con- cepts for decades, there have been few attempts to summarize the antecedents and consequences of corporate associations. This

Tom J. Brown

1998-01-01

313

Corporate Governance in Asia: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance has received much attention in recent years, partly due to the Asian financial crisis. We review the literature on corporate governance issues in Asia to develop region-specific and general lessons. Much attention has been given to poor corporate sector performance, but most studies do not suggest that Asian firms were badly run. The literature does confirm the limited

C. A. M. F. Claessens; Joseph P. H. Fan

2003-01-01

314

Corporate social responsibility and management control  

E-print Network

Corporate social responsibility and management control Research Center ESSEC Working Paper 1114 on the management control processes associated with Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) reporting in economic,version1-18Jan2012 #12;4 CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND MANAGEMENT CONTROL INTRODUCTION Profit

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

315

Project Title: Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility  

E-print Network

Project Title: Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility Bachelor of Arts Internship Company and promote cutting-edge research about corporate social responsibility (CSR) and business ethics. While many corporations assert that their organisations are socially responsible, their statements can be merely fluff

Hickman, Mark

316

The Impact of Corporate Reputation on Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the relationship between a firm’s reputation and financial performance. Our results challenge the conventional wisdom since we find that corporate reputation does not impact firm value (the market to book value of equity) whereas corporate financial performance improves corporate reputation. The policy implication of the findings is that the relation between reputation and performance is not as straightforward

Caspar Rose; Steen Thomsen

2004-01-01

317

Student Teachers and the Corporal Punishment Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student teachers' perceptions of corporal punishment were measured in an open-ended survey involving 37 student teachers. Twenty-four of the student teachers indicated that the use of corporal punishment in the schools is useful and justifiable. Several suggested that the threat of corporal punishment, even if never used, is a legitimate method to…

Diamantes, Thomas

318

Euphemisms and hypocrisy in corporate philanthropy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades, a growing number of large multinational corporations have come to view philanthropy as an important part of their business operations. This has stimulated research on the many different strategies that are pursued by these corporations in their attempts to become more philanthropic while remaining economically responsible. In this situation, some researchers have argued, corporations run

Anders la Cour; Joakim Kromann

2011-01-01

319

Corporal Punishment of Adolescents by American Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporal punishment is usually thought of as a method of "discipline" used with young children. However, it may continue into adolescence. This study examined the extent to which corporal punishment was used with a large and nationally representative sample of adolescents. Corporal punishment was defined as the use of physical force with the…

Straus, Murray A.; Donnelly, Denise A.

320

Corporate governance and board equity ownership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to test empirically the relationship between board equity ownership and corporate governance on earnings quality of for-profit corporations, to help practitioners enhance corporate governance practices. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study examines two competing theories of equity ownership (convergence of interests and management entrenchment) to explain how board members react to owning the firm's stock and whether

Teresa M. Pergola; Gilbert W. Joseph

2011-01-01

321

Corporate Venture Capital (CVC) Seeking Innovation and  

E-print Network

, Technology Innovation Program, National Institute of Standards and Technology #12;Corporate Venture Capital policymakers in the role of corporate venture capital (CVC) in technology innovation. The research includedCorporate Venture Capital (CVC) Seeking Innovation and Strategic Growth Recent patterns in CVC

322

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSABILITY - STRATEGIES IN EUROPEAN STYLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social responsibility approaches mainly actions of improving the quality of life at the level of community and presupposes integrity, strong values and a balance between the long and short term management. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Romania is represented by more and more initiatives in the last years. New corporative foundations have been set up, new corporative programmes have been

Grigore Georgeta

323

1970 Corporation Support of Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the survey of corporation support of higher education comes at a time when the corporation and the campus are still suffering from the effects of one of the sharpest economic declines in recent history. As a result, for the first time since the survey was begun in 1956, corporate giving to education declined. Virtually all of the…

Council for Financial Aid to Education, New York, NY.

324

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

325

Newton's Law of Gravitation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The two activities included in this guide introduce students to the principles behind Newton's Law of Gravitation and help students learn aspects of the law in an interesting and engaging way. This guide provides teachers with background information pertaining to the activities, preparation suggestions for each activity, as well as material lists, and demonstrations. The activity guide assumes knowledge of Newton's Second Law of Motion, can be tailored for the level of the students, and can be completed individually or in groups. This is the last of four posters on Newton's Laws and a copy of the wallsheet intended to accompany these activities is available on this website.

326

Bullying Policies and Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Policies & Laws | Español Search Stopbullying.gov WHAT IS BULLYING Definition The Roles Kids Play Related Topics CYBER BULLYING What is Cyberbullying? Prevent Cyberbullying Report Cyberbullying WHO ...

327

Law.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Describing itself as "a single, comprehensive destination for legal information, e-law services and legal products on the Web," this Website offers law students, legal professionals, business firms, and the general public news and information on the law. Lawyers will find here such items as the complete text of the latest edition of the American Lawyer with its listing of the top 100 law firms in the country. Law students can take advantage of features about schools, transferring, and recruiting, as well as links to professional associations. Businesses can find news and analysis of recent issues in business law as well as updated, annotated links to business law sites. For the public, the site offers news and analysis on prominent legal issues, such as recent Supreme Court decisions and the Wisconsin suit against the EPA over formulated gasoline. In addition, an online Real Life Dictionary of the Law gives accessible definitions to over 3,000 common legal terms. The search engine for the site draws on a surprisingly extensive archive -- for instance, we received more than 350 returns for "bankruptcy" -- making this site also a manageable resource for legal research, especially for practicing lawyers, journalists, and the general public. While this is a commercial site offering to sell law books, pamphlets, multimedia materials, and various online services, there is a considerable collection of free materials for users.

328

The MA in Corporate Communication provides the qualifications needed for effective corporate communication at strategic and operational level.  

E-print Network

The MA in Corporate Communication provides the qualifications needed for effective corporate communication at strategic and operational level. REQUIRED COURSES The following courses are required in the first two semesters: Corporate Communication provides insights into strategic corporate com- munication

329

45 CFR 2553.83 - What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation funded projects?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for non-Corporation funded projects? 2553.83 Section 2553...CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE THE RETIRED AND... Non-Corporation Funded Projects § 2553.83 What financial...for non-Corporation funded projects? Entry into a...

2010-10-01

330

45 CFR 2551.113 - What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation funded projects?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for non-Corporation funded projects? 2551.113 Section 2551...CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE SENIOR COMPANION...Non-Corporation Funded SCP Projects § 2551.113 What financial...for non-Corporation funded projects? Entry into a...

2010-10-01

331

Newton's 3 Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learn about Sir Isaac Newton's 3 laws of motion and see how you experience these laws every day! Today you are going to be learning about Sir Isaac Newton's three laws of motion. A. Newton s 3 Laws of Motion On this first site click on the different links and learn about the following: About Sir Isaac Newton The 1st law of motion The 2nd law of motion The 3rd law of motion Make sure to write down what ...

Friske, Miss

2010-04-21

332

LawGuru.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LawGuru.com is an exhaustive resource for free legal information. The site provides access to more than 430 legal search engines and databases, including a feature that allows parallel searching of multiple databases. The site also maintains the LawGuru.com BBS, a searchable database of legal questions posted by users accompanied by responses from one of the more than 320 practicing attorneys in the LawGuru.com network. Currently the BBS database contains over 4,000 legal questions divided into more than 25 categories. In addition, LawGuru.com provides a collection of fifteen FAQs written on various legal issues, links to over 500 legal Internet resources, and information on over 600 associated electronic mailing lists. Recently, LawGuru.com began hosting the Internet Law Library (see the May 3, 1996 Scout Report), a comprehensive resource formerly maintained by the US House of Representatives. LawGuru.com is operated by The Law Offices of Eslamboly & Barlavi (California).

333

Law Studies Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This law studies curriculum guide describes a course designed to provide secondary students with the opportunity to acquire an understanding of the U.S. legal process. The law studies course is intended to develop corresponding concepts and skills in conjunction with the content presented. The content areas of the curriculum include: (1)…

Seminole County Board of Public Instruction, Sanford, FL. Dept. of Curriculum Services.

334

Drug Impaired Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Learn More About Impaired Driving Issue Brief 3 states – California, New York and Hawaii – separate driving under the influence of alcohol, under ... information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office . State Per Se Laws for Drugs (Forbidding Prohibited Substances in Driver's Body) DEC/DRE Programs (Providing Law ... Idaho Yes Illinois Yes Yes Indiana Yes ...

335

Law Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal edition focuses upon the many resources for teachers to draw upon in order to infuse law-related education (LRE) into their classrooms. Isidore Starr explains the reasons behind the LRE movement, while Mabel McKinney-Browning describes the existing American Bar Association's programs in LRE. Judith Zimmer covers the Street Law

Maslow, R., Ed.; Kirchgaessner, R., Ed.

1989-01-01

336

Language and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the language of law and its general interest to the field of applied linguistics. Specific focus is on legal language, the problems and remedies of legal communication (e.g., language and disadvantage before the law, improving legal communication) the legislation of language (e.g., language rights, language crimes), and forensic…

Gibbons, John

1999-01-01

337

Utah Marriage Divorce Laws  

E-print Network

in a same-sex marriage, a bigamous marriage, a marriage to a person under the age of 16 (except 15 year olds to receive judicial consent to be married), or (4) if the people being married are of the same sex.4 ForeignUtah Marriage & Divorce Laws By Steve Averett J. Reuben Clark Law School Brigham Young University

Seamons, Kent E.

338

Know Your Laws. Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Spanish language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of…

Watson, Joan Q.; Ackerson, Leonor

339

Social Studies: Law Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 11 series, texts, supplements, kits, and professional references for law instruction, including civil and criminal law, the Bill of Rights, and controversial legal issues: arson, gun control, capital punishment, and euthanasia. While all grade levels are covered, the emphasis is on secondary-level materials. (SJL)

Curriculum Review, 1979

1979-01-01

340

The Law of Elasticity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participants estimated the imagined elongation of a spring while they were imagining that a load was stretching the spring. This elongation turned out to be a multiplicative function of spring length and load weight--a cognitive law analogous to Hooke's law of elasticity. Participants also estimated the total imagined elongation of springs joined…

Cocco, Alberto; Masin, Sergio Cesare

2010-01-01

341

Physics Flashlets: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simulation illustrates Kepler's Second Law, that orbits sweep out equal areas during equal intervals of time, for any part of the orbit. The user can choose from three buttons between circular or increasingly elliptical orbits to observe that the law holds in all cases.

Fowler, Michael; Welch, Heather

2008-10-05

342

The Rule of Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the problem of establishing the rule of law in the developing world. Democracies in the developing world have regular elections yet lack the rule of law. The solution, it is believed, is that these democracies must adopt the “best practices” of Western democracies by reforming judicial systems and strengthening constitutional judicial review. This argument rests on the

Miguel Schor

2006-01-01

343

TOPOGRAPHIES LAW / DROIT  

E-print Network

Riques FeATuRes sHORT TAKes 8 On LegaL educatiOn Martha Minow, Dean of the Harvard Law School, and this year's recipient of an honorary doctor of laws degree, reflects on the meaning of a McGill legal education 6 EP-state arbitration issues and on international trade, investment and litigation. Bjorklund's term at Mc

Fabry, Frederic

344

Law Education Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Course outlines and timelines for a junior high school elective, "Youth and the Law," and a senior high school elective, "Criminal and Civil Law," are provided. A sample brochure about a supplementary television series for the junior high course is also included. (SR)

Letwin, Alita Zurav

1983-01-01

345

Technology, property, and law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1975 and 1986 forty-eight states passed laws specifically criminalizing unauthorized access to computer-based information. Thirty of these states passed their computer crime laws between 1982 and 1985. This flurry of legislative activity occurred in a climate of concern for the need to stem what was characterized as a ‘wave of computer crime.’ The data presented here, however, indicate that

Raymond J. Michalowski; Erdwin H. Pfuhl

1991-01-01

346

Reinventing Howard's Law School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes efforts by Alice Gresham Bullock, dean of the Howard University School of Law, to improve the school (including building a new library and improving relations with faculty) and restore Howard to its previous stature as a leader in civil rights law. (EV)

Glenn, Gwendolyn

2001-01-01

347

Know Your Laws. Polish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Polish language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of the…

Watson, Joan Q.; Kopania, Margaret

348

Know Your Laws. French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This French language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of the…

Watson, Joan Q.; Ledun, Andree

349

Know Your Laws. Czechoslovakian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Czechoslovakian language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three…

Watson, Joan Q.; Ziembinski, Vera

350

Know Your Laws. German.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This German language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of the…

Watson, Joan Q.; Karch, Hannelore

351

Know Your Laws. Italian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Italian language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult students with law they will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of the…

Watson, Joan Q.

352

LAW, RELIGION & EDUCATION  

E-print Network

LAW, RELIGION & EDUCATION: Religious Freedom in the Sphere of Education 8th & 9th October 2010. The Conference will examine the relationships between "Law, Religion and Education", addressing the accommodation of religious diversity as well as the content and meaning of education, notably religious education, in a human

Saunders, Mark

353

Law and Marine Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Delaware Marine Studies has implemented courses in coastal zone law and policy and maritime law. The courses attempt to integrate the scientist's or engineer's work with public policy formation. The program emphasizes historical and current issues and the economic, cultural, and political forces operating in decision-making…

Bockrath, Joseph

1976-01-01

354

Law of Police Interrogation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay traces the history of the law of police interrogation in the United States, emphasizing that this body of law is largely a product of United States Supreme Court cases interpreting the United States Constitution. The essay reviews the three sections of the Constitution that regulate interrogation practices: the Fifth Amendment, the Due Process Clause of the Fifth and

Thomas George III; Richard Leo

2012-01-01

355

Charles' Law of Gases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experiment that uses air to test Charles' law. Reinforces the student's intuitive feel for Charles' law with quantitative numbers they can see, introduces the idea of extrapolating experimental data to obtain a theoretical value, and gives a physical quantitative meaning to the concept of absolute zero. (JRH)

Petty, John T.

1995-01-01

356

The Concept of ‘Law’ in Global Administrative Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

What constitutes ‘law’ in the efflorescent field of ‘global administrative law’? This article argues for a ‘social fact’ conception of law, emphasizing sources and recognition criteria, but it extends this Hartian positivism to incorporate requirements of ‘publicness’ in law. ‘Publicness’ is immanent in public law in national democratic jurisprudence, and increasingly in global governance, where it applies to public entities

Benedict Kingsbury

2009-01-01

357

Common Law Approaches to the Relationship Between Law and Morality  

Microsoft Academic Search

How are general relations of law and morality typically conceived in an environment of Anglo-saxon common law? This paper considers some classical common law methods and traditions as these have confronted and been overlaid with modern ideas of legal positivism. While classical common law treated a community and its morality as the cultural foundation of law, legal positivism's analytical separation

Roger Cotterrell

2000-01-01

358

International resources law  

SciTech Connect

This book covers: Historical origins of civil code legal systems; Modern civil law practice for mineral lawyers; Treaties and agreements for protection of international investments; Europe 1992-toward a single energy market; Dispute resolution in international agreements; Assessment of political risk; Reducing political risk; Protecting mineral investments from upheaval in developing countries; Typical world petroleum arrangements; government take in the Pacific Rim - Papua New Guinea; Mineral base of the USSR and prospects of investment; International taxation for the mining practitioner; Tax considerations - branch versus subsidiary; Doing business in the host country - nontax considerations; Impact of host-country laws on operations and profits; Mineral development and native rights - New Zealand; Designing the investment vehicle: mining; International oil and gas joint ventures; Selected U.S. laws with extraterritorial effect; U.S. tax and securities laws applied to foreign joint venturers; and Extraterritorial effect of U.S. laws.

Not Available

1991-01-01

359

Florida Law Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Florida Law Collections document the laws and legal heritage of Florida through a wide range of texts digitized from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center, the State Library, and Archives of Florida, and several other key institutions. Specifically, the collection includes issues of the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, the Florida Historical Legal Documents collection, a Florida Water Law collection that is particularly noteworthy, as well as other general texts on Florida laws, the legislative process, and government. Given the debates over water rights and usage throughout the state, the Water Law collection is a real find, and visitors can search over 7300 documents within the collection. From the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches and also look over recently added items. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive their RSS feed and contact the site administrators with any additional queries they might have.

360

Duke Law & Technology Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Law school students are well known for trying to "do good" whether it be through aiding wrongly accused persons, or by providing legal advice at any number of free clinics. This academic and policy-oriented online publication from the people at Duke University's Law School is another such endeavor, and one that is worth a closer look. The publication's general area of interest is in the intersection of law and technology, and as such it draws on the knowledge base of specialties that include business law and intellectual property. The school's Law & Technology Review consists primarily of short issues briefs that provide insight into a wide range of issues for both the legal community and professionals working in these areas more broadly. Visitors to the site can browse the different briefs through a listing of general thematic areas or merely scroll through the site's homepage.

361

Hospital and Corporate Information Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Successful hospital and corporate libraries offer customized resources and services to meet the needs of their dynamic organizations. Concepts such as customer-driven, service-oriented and value-added are central to these libraries. Serving decision markers and integrating the library into the decision-making process of the organization is critical. Future articles in this new column will furlher explore the underlying philosophies and the

Pamela Jajko

1992-01-01

362

Corporate psychopathy: Talking the walk.  

PubMed

There is a very large literature on the important role of psychopathy in the criminal justice system. We know much less about corporate psychopathy and its implications, in large part because of the difficulty in obtaining the active cooperation of business organizations. This has left us with only a few small-sample studies, anecdotes, and speculation. In this study, we had a unique opportunity to examine psychopathy and its correlates in a sample of 203 corporate professionals selected by their companies to participate in management development programs. The correlates included demographic and status variables, as well as in-house 360 degrees assessments and performance ratings. The prevalence of psychopathic traits-as measured by the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) and a Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL: SV) "equivalent"-was higher than that found in community samples. The results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) indicated that the underlying latent structure of psychopathy in our corporate sample was consistent with that model found in community and offender studies. Psychopathy was positively associated with in-house ratings of charisma/presentation style (creativity, good strategic thinking and communication skills) but negatively associated with ratings of responsibility/performance (being a team player, management skills, and overall accomplishments). PMID:20422644

Babiak, Paul; Neumann, Craig S; Hare, Robert D

2010-01-01

363

Child Labor Laws in Mississippi.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child labor laws have not attracted much attention in recent years. Much of the basic legislation and the case law dates from the early part of the 20th century. This paper discusses the Mississippi statutory law on the subject, compares that law with legislation in five other States, and discusses case law in Mississippi and in other States.…

Robbins, Jerry H.

364

Soviet Labor Law and Principles of Civil Law. A Textbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The subject and system of soviet labor law; Fundamental principles of law in socialist public organization of labor; The sources of soviet labor law; Legal relationships of labor; The rights of soviet trade unions; Collective agreement; Labor ag...

K. S. Batygin

1972-01-01

365

94 University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation  

E-print Network

Vier Stanford University '65 Smith College '61 Wallace L. Cook, Law '64 Harvard University '61 Cameron L. Cowan '75 Gordon F. Rainey, Jr., Law '67 University of Virginia '62 Elizabeth S. Scott, Law '77 William

Acton, Scott

366

Subject Call Number Range Location Administrative Law KF 5401-5425 2F 266-267  

E-print Network

-252 Copyrights KF 2986-3080 2F 257 Corporations KF 1384-1480 2F 253-254 Criminal Law KF 9201-9479 2F 277-278 Criminal Procedure KF 9601-9760 2F 278 Criminology HV; KF 9223-9227 2F 222-223; 277 Customs Law KF 6659 Rights JC; K 3236-3252 2F 226; 234 Immigration KF 4801-4836 2F 265 Indians KF 8201-8228 2F 272 KF 5660

Papautsky, Ian

367

FindLaw Constitutional Law Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This offering from FindLaw (last discussed in the January 15, 1999 Scout Report) focuses on the US Constitution. The site is composed of two primary sections. The first offers an annotated Constitution, commentary on selected topics with links to key sections of the Constitution or The Federalist Papers, a history of the Constitution, and brief biographies of notable "Founding Fathers" and delegates to the Constitutional Convention. The second section highlights the Third Branch of government, with a history of the Supreme Court, landmark decisions regarding civil rights with the full opinions, a summary and analysis of the criminal law and procedure decisions of the October 1998 Supreme Court Term, and several links for current Supreme Court news and information. Both sections also feature a search engine. Additional resources at the site include a Town Hall section that explores Hot Topics (currently flag burning) and message boards on a wide variety of Constitutional issues.

1994-01-01

368

International Constitutional Law (ICL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the University of Wuerzburg (Germany), International Constitutional Law (ICL) provides English texts of constitutional documents and links to background information on over seventy countries. Documents are cross-referenced for comparison of constitutional provisions. Also featured are links to Constitutional Court sites, a Model Constitutional Code, a section on German Case Law, a comprehensive list of international organizations, and a strong collection of links to constitutional and international law and constitution sites. The material available at ICL is widely applicable to fields such as political science, international relations, or government, and could be very useful for research projects in both secondary and university classrooms.

1997-01-01

369

Sexuality and Australian law.  

PubMed

The author describes the changing legal environment concerning same-sex relationships in the common law world with special reference to Australia. He refers to shifts in public opinion recorded in opinion polls; important decisions of human rights courts and tribunals; and changes in national law and court decisions. He then reviews the Australian constitutional setting which divides lawmaking responsibility on such subjects between the federal, State and Territory legislatures. He describes initiatives adopted in the States and Territories and the more modest changes effected in federal law and practice. He concludes on a note of optimism concerning Australia's future reforms affecting discrimination on the grounds of sexuality. PMID:15814500

Kirby, Michael

2005-01-01

370

Kepler and His Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a set of 7 illustrated web pages discussing Kepler's laws. Included are equations and properties of conic sections, the scale of the solar system, the energy equation for Keplerian motion, Newton's "Universal Gravitation" and derivation of the 3rd law for circular orbits. It is part of the collection "From Stargazers to Starships", with French, Italian and Spanish translations. Four sections have lesson plans (click top right), also provided is the text of a 1-hour talk to teachers on presenting Kepler's laws, with worked examples. No calculus is used.

Stern, David

2004-11-28

371

Benford's Law in Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Benford's law predicts the occurrence of the n-th digit of numbers in datasets originating from various sources all over the world, ranging from financial data to atomic spectra. It is intriguing that although many features of Benford's law have been proven, it is still not fully understood mathematically. In this paper we investigate the distances of galaxies and stars by comparing the first, second and third significant digit probabilities with Benford's predictions. It is found that the distances of galaxies follow the first digit law reasonable well, and that the star distances agree very well with the first, second and third significant digit.

Alexopoulos, Theodoros; Leontsinis, Stefanos

2014-07-01

372

Ideal Gas Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab manual contains descriptions of a series of laboratories covering the ideal gas laws and ideal gas processes. These experiments are designed for introductory high school and college introductory physics, chemistry, and engineering courses. Each experiment includes the intended audience, learning goals, and a short introduction to the physics. The experiments include Boyleâs Law, work done in an isothermal process, adiabatic processes, thermodynamic cycles, and the heat capacity of a gas. These labs are designed for an adiabatic gas law apparatus developed at Andrews University.

Kutzner, Mickey; Wong, Peter

2011-11-18

373

The LSU Law Center -- Canada Bijuralism Conference. Introduction: Global Law and the Law School Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces papers from a conference focused on the bijural programs of Louisiana State University Law Center and McGill University Faculty of Law. The programs educate all first-degree law students in both the common law and civil law traditions, preparing them for the increasing globalization of legal practice. (EV)

Costonis, John J.

2002-01-01

374

What Are Newton's Laws?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through a series of three lessons and one activity, students are introduced to inertia, forces and Newton's three laws of motion. For each lesson, a combination of class demonstrations and PowerPoint® presentations are used to explain, show and relate the concepts to engineering. Lesson 1 starts with inertia, forces and Newton's first law of motion. Lesson 2 builds on lesson 1 with s review and then introduces Newton's second law of motion. Lesson 3 builds on the previous two lessons with a review and then introduces Newton's third law of motion. In a culminating activity, students apply their knowledge of forces, friction, acceleration and gravity in an experiment to measure the average acceleration of a textbook pulled along a table by varying weights, and then test the effects of friction on different surfaces.

RESOURCE GK-12 Program, College of Engineering,

375

Consumer Law Guidance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Consumer problems are not unique to the civilian sector; military members often seek consumer advice from attorneys providing legal assistance. Perhaps the greatest challenge for military practitioners is the complexity of law with which they must deal. O...

1993-01-01

376

Consumer Law Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication is one of a series prepared and distributed to assist legal assistance attorneys in the delivery of legal assistance. The series cantinas summaries of law, guidance, and sample documents for handling common problems.

2000-01-01

377

Sobriety Checkpoint Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... under federal Constitution Georgia Yes Weekly Upheld under state and federal Constitution Hawaii Yes Weekly Authorized by statute Idaho No Illiegal under state law Illinois Yes Several hundred per year Upheld ...

378

Symposium Issue "Law As . . ."  

E-print Network

in the Civil Rights Movement Christopher W. Schmidt 641 The Historical Consciousness of the Resistant Subject 543 The Peace: The Meaning and Production of Law in the Post-Revolutionary United States Laura F

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

379

Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation depicts a truck with a ladder on its roof stopping quickly so that the ladder is thrown from the top of the truck. The representation is contained within a slide show explaining Newton's 1st Law of Motion.

380

Law Enforcement Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

381

Business Law Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Bar Association has recently begun to provide full text of this bimonthly magazine covering various aspects of business law. In addition to feature articles, there are five small sections with snippets of legal news and features.

1995-01-01

382

Distracted Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office . State Hand-held Ban All Cell ... driving in a school zone or in a highway construction zone. This law is secondarily enforced. 2 ...

383

Coulomb's Law - Synthesis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A PhysLet based simulation using a graphical approach to explore Coulomb's law. In this interesting problem, the user has to identify three charges based on the trajectory that a test charge follows and based on the force graph.

Papadopoulos, Costas

2008-06-24

384

Causal Newton Gravity Law  

E-print Network

The equations of the relativistic causal Newton gravity law for the planets of the solar system are studied in the approximation when the Sun rests at the coordinates origin and the planets do not iteract between each other.

Yury M. Zinoviev

2012-01-17

385

Laws, Morals and Politics  

E-print Network

. The point is that natural law theory rests upon an important methodological mistake, as does, I now will argue, the contrary position, legal positivism. 2. The Positivist Separability Thesis. Positivist legal theorists, from Benthamy and Austin.... 15 Hart's admission that in fact law and morality are not "necessarily unconnected" goes a long way toward strengthening the position of the legal positivists in the face of criticisms to the effect that positivism is an "abstracted, merely...

Burkhardt, Robert J.

1978-11-01

386

Law-Free Zones  

E-print Network

as Director ofthe Paul E. Wilson Defender Project, the law school's prisoner legal assistance clinic. Professor Gottlieb's primary field ofexpertise is criminal law and procedure. He has written extensively on sentencing and death penalty issues, and he... that are a part of the Geneva Conventions. In addition, the Administration believes that it is not bound, outside of the United States, by the restraints that exist against cruel and inhumane treatment that are a part of the Convention Against Torture, a...

Gottlieb, David J.

2005-01-01

387

Law & Politics Internet guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This metasite of law and political resources is designed for legal professionals, academics, and the general public. About two dozen lists of annotated links cover topics such as Legal Portals, Legal Resources, Foreign & International Law, and Legal Research. Equipped with language translation software (which works well on some pages but seems to cause graphics problems on other pages), the site is well designed and easy to use.

1997-01-01

388

Lessons In Environmental Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

From battling the entrance of an invasive species into Lake Michigan to investigating health- related problems of Detroit’s incinerator, a WSU law clinic is giving students a comprehensive understanding of what it takes to pursue some of the most pressing local, regional and state-level environmental cases in Michigan. The Environmental Law Clinic, taught by Nick Schroeck, adjunct professor in WSU’s

Amy Oprean

2010-01-01

389

Liability: the complicated task of licensing law enforcement technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses a situation where a company (licensor) requires a liability policy as a condition of a license agreement, when licensing law enforcement technologies. The purpose of this discussion is to evaluate the reasons behind the need for extensive liability policies to protect licensors when marketing their law enforcement technologies to private industry. Finding a solution to the problem, therefore reducing the potential for high liability insurance costs, would be desirable. Since the risks associated with most technologies are virtually unknown, and because such technologies are used in very unpredictable legal environments, alternative ways of guaranteeing research and development enterprises that they will be covered against product liability are needed. Without such protection, licensors may require licensees to indemnify them beyond the usual guarantees provided in a licensing agreement, which may make the license too costly for smaller businesses. When the share of the market is limited to larger corporations, competition suffers and ultimately the cost to law enforcement agencies increases.

Hops, Larry W.; Overlin, Trudy K.

1997-01-01

390

Corporate imagination and expeditionary marketing.  

PubMed

In the 1980s, competitive success came mostly from achieving cost and quality advantages over rivals in existing markets. In the 1990s, it will come from building and dominating fundamentally new markets. Core competencies are one prerequisite for creating new markets. Corporate imagination and expeditionary marketing are the keys that unlock them. McKinsey Award winners Gary Hamel and C.K. Prahalad argue that corporate imagination quickens when companies escape the tyranny of their served markets. (Motorola, for example, sees itself as a leader in wireless communications, not just as a maker of beepers and mobile phones). Think about needs and functionalities instead of marketing's more conventional customer-product grid. Overturn traditional price/performance assumptions. (Fidelity Investments unlocked a vast new market by packaging sophisticated investment vehicles for middle-income investors.) And lead customers rather than simply follow them. Creating new markets is a risky business, however--a lot like shooting arrows into the mist. Imaginative companies minimize the risk not by being fast followers but through the process the authors call expeditionary marketing: low-cost, fast-paced market incursions designed to bring the target quickly into view. Toshiba introduced laptop computers to the market at such a blistering pace that it could explore every conceivable niche--and afford an occasional failure without compromising its credibility with customers. To stimulate corporate imagination, top management needs to redefine failure and develop new time- and risk-adjusted yardsticks for managerial performance. Managers must be encouraged to stretch their company's opportunity horizon well beyond the boundaries of its current businesses. PMID:10112922

Hamel, G; Prahalad, C K

1991-01-01

391

The end of corporate imperialism.  

PubMed

As they search for growth, multinational corporations will have no choice but to compete in the big emerging markets of China, India, Indonesia, and Brazil. But while it is still common to question how such corporations will change life in those markets, Western executives would be smart to turn the question around and ask how multinationals themselves will be transformed by these markets. To be successful, MNCs will have to rethink every element of their business models, the authors assert in this seminal HBR article from 1998. During the first wave of market entry in the 1980s, multinationals operated with what might be termed an imperialist mind-set, assuming that the emerging markets would merely be new markets for their old products. But this mind-set limited their success: What is truly big and emerging in countries like China and India is a new consumer base comprising hundreds of millions of people. To tap into this huge opportunity, MNCs need to ask themselves five basic questions: Who is in the emerging middle class in these countries? How do the distribution networks operate? What mix of local and global leadership do you need to foster business opportunities? Should you adopt a consistent strategy for all of your business units within one country? Should you take on local partners? The transformation that multinational corporations must undergo is not cosmetic--simply developing greater sensitivity to local cultures will not do the trick, the authors say. To compete in the big emerging markets, multinationals must reconfigure their resources, rethink their cost structures, redesign their product development processes, and challenge their assumptions about who their top-level managers should be. PMID:12884671

Prahalad, C K; Lieberthal, Kenneth

2003-08-01

392

Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation  

E-print Network

conservation in China North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy effi ciencies and how it changes constitution of fuel-- converting oil consumption to coal. Energy management organization, energy balance in plants... and several specific techniques such as Heat pipe application, Coal oil mixture, Coal water slurry are also mentioned in this paper. INTRODUCTION China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO) is a comprehensive state enterprise combining manufac turing...

You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

393

The research frontier in corporate governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we attempt to identify the research frontier in corporate governance using three different approaches: (1) what\\u000a challenges does the financial crisis 2007–2009 pose for corporate governance research? We show that the financial crisis is\\u000a a huge natural experiment which has exposed gaps in our knowledge of corporate governance and is likely to lead of a rethink\\u000a of

Thomas Ahrens; Igor Filatotchev; Steen Thomsen

2011-01-01

394

Per Ole TRA SKMAN LL.D. Professor of Criminal Law, University of Lund  

E-print Network

of criminal sanction (sanction for a crime) is consequently broader than the concept of punishment, corporate fines or some other special consequence defined by law and may also entail liability of the Penal Code the sanctions for a crime are either punishments or other sanctions for a crime. The concept

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

395

The Economic Espionage Act: is the law all bark and no bite?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multinational corporations lose billions of dollars worth of proprietary information every year due to international industrial espionage. The Unites States' response, the Economic Espionage Act, has failed to curtail the problem. This paper will consider the factors that hinder the effective enforcement of the EEA. These barriers include (a) shortcomings in the design of the law itself; (b) disinterest by

Nathaniel Minott

2011-01-01

396

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Anatomy Research International  

E-print Network

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Anatomy Research International Volume 2011, Article ID 287860, 17, and destructive to gross morphological features. Consequently, there is a great value in bringing these two

Kruggel, Frithjof

397

SUMMER PLACEMENT REPORT International Corporate Leadership Programme  

E-print Network

SUMMER PLACEMENT REPORT International Corporate Leadership Programme Name: ADEYEMI ADEFEYISAN Year acquired skills including: Leadership ­ As project leader, I took full responsibility and dictated the pace

Berzins, M.

398

Corporate Health Services Northwestern Medical Group  

E-print Network

QUESTIONNAIRE (continued) 10. Please list any history of heart disease, lung disease, chronic liver disease transplantation, sick cell anemia, and spleen injury. None #12; Corporate Health Services Northwestern

Contractor, Anis

399

Kepler's Laws, Newton's Laws, and the Search for New Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. One of the high points of elementary calculus is the derivation of Ke- pler's empirically deduced laws of planetary motion from Newton's Law of Gravity and his second law of motion. However, the standard treatment of the subject in calcu- lus books is flawed for at least three reasons that I think are important. First, Newton's Laws are used

Robert Osserman

400

Rediscovering Kepler's laws using Newton's gravitation law and NASA data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kepler's three laws of planetary motion were originally discovered by using data acquired from Tycho Brache's naked eye observations of the planets. We show how Kepler's third law can be reproduced using planetary data from NASA. We will also be using Newton's Gravitational law to explain why Kepler's three laws exist as they do.

Paul Springsteen; Jason Keith

2010-01-01

401

Scherr & Redish Newton's Zeroth Law Newton's Zeroth Law  

E-print Network

Scherr & Redish Newton's Zeroth Law Newton's Zeroth Law: Learning from listening to our students "Newton's Zeroth Law" articulates important (but usually tacit) ideas underlying them. In this paper we explain our use of Newton's Zeroth Law in the introductory algebra-based course at the University

Maryland at College Park, University of

402

The effects of ownership concentration and corporate debt on corporate divestitures in Chinese listed firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how ownership concentration and corporate debt impact corporate divestitures in China. Corporate divestitures\\u000a reduce the asset base of a company and the opportunity for expropriation by majority shareholders. In emerging economies,\\u000a weak legal institutions, combined with equity ownership concentration and high corporate debt, allow majority shareholders\\u000a to avoid such disciplines. Consequently, the relationship between these governance mechanisms

Jianfeng Wu; Dean Xu; Phillip H. Phan

2011-01-01

403

The toxic-tobacco law: "appropriate remedial action".  

PubMed

Tobacco products, despite being lethal and addictive, are highly attractive and accessible to children at hundreds of thousands of retail outlets. The proposed Toxic-Tobacco Law (the Law) will end this access by prohibiting U.S. corporations from making, marketing, or importing tobacco products. The Law will go into effect twenty years after enactment, giving all stake-holders (e.g., farmers) time to adjust. After this adjustment period, adults will be "free" to import tobacco products for personal use. Unlike Prohibition, which sought to stop Americans from consuming alcohol, the Toxic-Tobacco Law does not seek to restrict consumption by adults. The purpose of this law is to end the massive presence of tobacco products in American society in order to prevent the addiction of children to tobacco and its devastating health consequences (e.g., lung cancer). The U.S. Congress, under the "commerce clause" of the Constitution, has the authority to pass the Toxic-Tobacco Law. PMID:10643167

Gerace, T A

1999-01-01

404

Corporate Identity through Product Design Applied with Brand Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generally, Corporate Identity has been recognized as the integration of only the name and logo of the corporation. However, identity includes both planned and unplanned visual effects composing the whole image of the corporation. Well-refined and harmonious design corporate image can be created by comprehensive holistic approach spanning all the corporate activities such as planning, design, manufacturing and marketing. Product

Eok Kim; Chang-Young Lim

405

Corporate Plan Page 1Forestry Commission England Corporate Plan 2011-15  

E-print Network

Corporate Plan 2011-15 Page 1Forestry Commission England Corporate Plan 2011-15 Welcome This is the Corporate Plan for the Forestry Commission in England. It is one of a suite of plans including those for Forestry Commission (GB) and Forest Research. This document has been optimised for on-screen reading

406

Transnational Corporations and Corporate Citizenship: Analyzing New Roles of Organization Development Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows that too few transnational corporations (TNCs) have the organizational capacity to manage corporate citizenship. Evidence exists that ever more TNCs adopt programs of corporate citizenship development in order to increase this capacity. However, both in academic and practical literature, there is a general lack of a strategic…

Stolz, Ingo Stephan

2012-01-01

407

WHY WOULD CORPORATIONS BEHAVE IN SOCIALLY RESPONSIBLE WAYS? AN INSTITUTIONAL THEORY OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

I offer an institutional theory of corporate social responsibility consisting of a series of propositions specifying the conditions under which corporations are likely to behave in socially responsible ways. I argue that the relationship between basic economic conditions and corporate behavior is mediated by several institutional conditions: public and private regulation, the presence of nongovernmental and other independent organizations that

JOHN L. CAMPBELL

408

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND THE GOVERNANCE OF KNOWLEDGE: RETHINKING THE RELATIONSHIP IN TERMS OF CORPORATE COHERENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance and the governance of knowledge were for a long time distinct fields of analysis. Reasons for this incompatibility are linked to the restricted vision of corporate governance supported by shareholder value which essentially refers to information rather than knowledge. In this paper, we argue that other visions of corporate governance exist which are also closer to knowledge dynamics

Jackie Krafft; Jacques-Laurent Ravix

2008-01-01

409

Corporate Strategy an Evolutionary Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As Richard Rumelt indicates in his book, "Fundamental Issues in Strategy: A Research Agenda", corporate strategy is a relatively recent discipline. While pioneers in the field like B.H. Liddell Hart and Bruce Henderson (later to found the Boston Consulting Group and creator of the famous BCG Growth-Share Matrix) began their research during the Second World War, the modern field of business strategy as an academic discipline, taught in schools and colleges of business emerged rather later. Rumelt provides an interesting chronicle in the introduction to his volume by noting that historically corporate strategy, even when taught as a capstone course, was not really an organized discipline. Typically, depending on the school's location and resources, the course would either be taught by the senior most professor in the department or by an outside lecturer from industry. The agenda tended to be very much instructor specific and idiosyncratic rather than drawing in any systematized fashion upon the subject matter of an organized discipline.

Fellman, Philip V.

410

Statement by Harvard Corporation Committee on Shareholder Responsibility (CCSR) Regarding Stock in China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (Sinopec Corporation)  

E-print Network

Statement by Harvard Corporation Committee on Shareholder Responsibility (CCSR) Regarding Stock the Harvard Corporation's decision to direct Harvard Management Company (HMC) to divest itself of stock held Harvard maintains a strong presumption against the divestment of stock for reasons unrelated to investment

411

The anomalous extinction law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of the calculations of anomalous interstellar extinction laws characterized by different values of the ratio of the total to selective extinction are presented. The calculation is based on the Mie theory of light scattering by small particles assuming a two-grain dust model of Mathis et al. (1977) and by adopting their particle size distribution, in which the minimum and maximum size is taken to be 0.005 and 0.22 micron, respectively. Furthermore, dielectric functions for both the graphite- and 'astronomical silicate'-type grains are used, as derived by Draine and Lee (1984). Following Mathis and Wallenhorst (1981), the anomalous extinction laws are then obtained by changing the upper size cutoff of the particles. A comparison shows that the calculated anomalous extinction laws agree quite well with the laws observationally derived using the color-difference method. A trial-and-error method for the determination of the law, based on a comparison of the observed extinction-free spectral energy distribution with the corresponding theoretical Kurucz (1979) model, is explained.

Steenman, H.; The, P. S.

1989-09-01

412

Military Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress' Research Center of Military Legal Resources contains, among other publications, the Military Law Review. The Military Law Review has been published quarterly since 1958, and is meant to be used by military attorneys in their work and "'provides a forum for those interested in military law to share the products of their experience and research.'" Visitors should also note that most of the issues from 1958 to 2008 are available for general perusal. Each issue of the journal contains both articles and book reviews. An article in the Winter 2008 issue, entitled "Crossing the Line: Reconciling the Right to Picket Military Funerals With the First Amendment", is a very accessible article about the constitutionality of state and federal funeral picketing laws. Visitors interested in learning about the school that provides military legal education, and where the Military Law Review is published, should click on the link "The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School (JAGS), U.S. Army, Charlottesville, Virginia", in the first paragraph on the homepage

413

Law and economics in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European law and economics movement started early in Sweden. However, the dialogue between economists and lawyers has developed slowly, if at all. The reluctance toward economics in the law schools can be explained by the strong influence emanating from 'legal realism and positivism'. Moreover, scholars with a law degree have most limited training in social sciences. Although law and

Goran Skogh

1991-01-01

414

Roman and Canon Law Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historians interested in law and lawyers interested in history all find something of interest in both the civil law of classical Rome, the Corpus Juris Civilis, and the canon law of the Church of Rome, the Corpus Juris Canonici. This article describes the types of researchers who consult Roman and canon law sources, discusses the research needs of these researchers,

Lucia Diamond

2001-01-01

415

Environmental Crime: Law, Policy, Prosecution  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this exciting addition to Aspen s Elective Series, Kathleen Brickey, a leading criminal law and white collar crime specialist and author of numerous scholarly publications, offers a unique perspective on the intersection of environmental law and criminal law. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the author covers major environmental and criminal law issues in a clear, concise style that is easily

Kathleen F. Brickey

2008-01-01

416

BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Berkeley Law students have the option of earning a Certification of Specialization in  

E-print Network

Justice (3 units) LAW 272.3 Climate Change and the Law / Climate Change: Law and Policy (2 units) LAW1 BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 2010-2011 Berkeley Law students have the option of earning a Certification of Specialization in Environmental Law. The Certificate gives students

Kammen, Daniel M.

417

Physical Laws for Mechanobiology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Higher-level physical laws applicable to biological tissues are presented that will permit the modeling of metabolic activity at the cellular level, including variations in the mass of a tissue. Here the tissue is represented as a fluid/solid mixture, wherein molecular solutes transport within the fluid, and cells can migrate throughout the porous solid. Variations in mass can arise via exchanges in mass between the constituent phases within a control volume such that mass is conserved in the tissue overall. The governing balance laws for mass, momentum, energy, and entropy are a special case of those describing a chemically reacting mixture with diffusion. Thermodynamic constraints on the constitutive structure are addressed. Biophysics; Biomechanics; Brownian motion; Cell migration; Mixture theory; Thermodynamic laws; Tissue mechanics

Freed, Alan D.

2007-01-01

418

Newton's Third Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educational wallsheet illustrating Newton's Third Law of Motion is the third of a set of four. Each image on the front of the poster illustrates Newton's Third Law, and is described on the back. The wallsheet also provides teachers with background information, pre-activity reading for the students that relates the law to the action of the fuel being expelled from the rocket and its reaction on the rocket carrying the Swift satellite into orbit, as well as Swift's turning motions once in orbit, pre-activity discussion with optional questions that relate to the Swift satellite, a classroom-ready activity and assessment, and post-activity discussions that tie the classroom activity back to the Swift satellite.

2009-05-14

419

A Methodology for Distributing the Corporate Database.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trend to distributed processing is being fueled by numerous forces, including advances in technology, corporate downsizing, increasing user sophistication, and acquisitions and mergers. Increasingly, the trend in corporate information systems (IS) departments is toward sharing resources over a network of multiple types of processors, operating…

McFadden, Fred R.

420

Taxing corporate income Alan J. Auerbach  

E-print Network

1 Taxing corporate income Alan J. Auerbach University of California, Berkeley and NBER Michael P of Bristol and IFS March 2008 Paper prepared for The Mirrlees Review, "Reforming the Tax System for the 21st Century" Abstract: Following Meade (1978), we reconsider issues in the design of taxes on corporate income

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

421

Lumpy Investment and Corporate Tax Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the impact of corporate tax policy on the economy in the presence of both convex and nonconvex capital adjustment costs in a dynamic general equilibrium model. We show that corporate tax policy generates both intensive and extensive margin effects via the channel of marginal Q. Its impact is determined largely by the strength of the extensive margin

Jianjun Miao; Pengfei Wang

422

The Changing Shape of Corporate Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About seven years ago, technological innovation gave rise to the e-learning industry and the growth of corporate universities. Early in the evolution of the industry, corporate universities represented a reasonable deployment of learning technologies. They enabled companies to deliver the right content to target markets (e.g., employees, partners,…

Baucus, David; Baucus, Melissa

2005-01-01

423

The Corporate University: Global or Local Phenomenon?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article considers the extent to which a corporate university transcends national boundaries through an examination of the operation of Motorola University in China. The aim is to extend understanding of the role and function of a corporate university and the human resource management (HRM) convergence/divergence debate within an…

Shaw, Sue

2005-01-01

424

Relocation and the Corporate Family: Unexplored Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the impact of relocating on corporate employees and their families and indicates the need for corporate services and social work intervention in this area. The author explores some of the psychosocial effects of relocating that have received little attention. (Author/BEF)

Gaylord, Maxine

1979-01-01

425

Against the Corporal Punishment of Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

John Wilson suggests there are six advantages for corporal punishment: cheap and easy to administer, effective deterrent, effective reform, adjustable pain, fair because of similar dislike of pain, no permanent damage. None of these survive close scrutiny. An alternative, deontological argument against corporal punishment is proposed building on…

Clark, John

2004-01-01

426

Corporate Governance and Firm Performance in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses data from companies listed in the Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE) for the years 2005–2006 to investigate the role of corporate governance indices on firm performance. We use board size, board independence, board leadership and institutional investors on the board as corporate governance indices and EPS, ROA and ROE as firm performance surrogates. Our regression results show that

Bita Mashayekhi; Mohammad S. Bazaz

2008-01-01

427

EARNINGS MANAGEMENT AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on stakeholder-agency theory and the earnings management framework, we explore the relationship between discretionary accounting accruals and corporate social responsibility. We hypothesize a positive connection between corporate social responsibility and earnings management. We argue that managers may satisfy the interest of stakeholders as an entrenchment strategy once these managers have followed earnings management practices, thereby damaging the long-term interests

Diego Prior; Jordi Surroca; Josep A. Tribo

2007-01-01

428

Corporate Support of Youth Fitness Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The adult problems of overweight, high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and diabetes are shared by the youth of our nation. Currently, corporations are providing assistance to national organizations in an effort to reverse this trend. A sampling of the array of support services the corporate sector supplies is presented. (JD)

Marsh, Richard L.

1988-01-01

429

Integrating Graduate Study with Corporate Responsibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a growing competition for advancement within corporate ranks due to technical and cultural changes, an occurrence that has increased the number of young and midcareer professionals in graduate institutions. Discusses examples of cooperative and collaborative activities between corporations and universities in developing high-quality…

Francis, J. Bruce; James, Suzanne G.

1998-01-01

430

Methods and tools for corporate knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This article is a preliminary survey of some methods, techniques and tools aimed at managing corporate knowledge from a corporate memory (CM) designer's perspective In particular, it analyzes pro - blems and solutions related to the following steps: detection of needs of CM, construction of the CM, its diffusion (specially using the Internet technologies), its use, its evaluation and

Rose Dieng; Olivier Corby; Alain Giboin; Myriam Ribière

1999-01-01

431

Intel Corporation 2200 Mission College Blvd.  

E-print Network

Intel Corporation 2200 Mission College Blvd. Santa Clara, CA 95054-1549 Intel Commits $200 Million., Jan. 6, 2010 ­ As students return to school this week, Intel Corporation ­ in conjunction effort to stress the importance of science and math education in schools throughout the country. "Intel

McGraw, Rebecca

432

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE HARWOOD MARKET  

E-print Network

1 CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE HARWOOD MARKET: a case-study on the Italian wood working the research questions Corporate Social Responsability (CSR) "CSR is a concept whereby companies integrate behaviour towards consumers 1. Reporting 2. (Eco) labelling C. Socially responsible investment 1. Ethical

Pettenella, Davide

433

Corporate Social Responsibility Theories: Mapping the Territory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) field presents not only a landscape of theories but also a proliferation of approaches, which are controversial, complex and unclear. This article tries to clarify the situation, “mapping the territory” by classifying the main CSR theories and related approaches in four groups: (1) instrumental theories, in which the corporation is seen as only an instrument

Elisabet Garriga; Domènec Melé

2004-01-01

434

The Cognitive Structure of Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have attempted to empirically verify the concept of corporate social responsibility, although it has been discussedfor decades. This study is a multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis of a sample of 549 persons that suggests that corporate social responsibility can be viewed as a three-dimensional construct. The three dimensions include economic-noneconomiclhuman outcomes, ethical considerations, and consequences for relevant interest groups.

Kimberly B. Boal; Newman Peery

1985-01-01

435

Corporate social responsibility and employee commitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective corporate social responsibility policies are a requirement for today's companies. Policies have not only to be formulated, they also have to be delivered by corporate employees. This paper uses existing research findings to identify two types of factors that may impact on employee motivation and commitment to CSR ‘buy-in’. The first of these is contextual: employee attitudes and behaviours

Jane Collier; Rafael Esteban

2007-01-01

436

Corporate social responsibility – a PR invention?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considers the paradoxes inherent in the phrase “corporate social responsibility”. These include procedures of corporate governance, the market’s view of organizations’ ethical stances, the lack of clear definition, acceptance or denial, the lack of formal mechanisms for taking responsibility and the placing and priority that most organizations give to social responsibility. The article concludes that until these paradoxes are properly

Peter Frankental

2001-01-01

437

Corporate Social Responsibility: Three Key Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

abstract? Corporate social responsibility remains an embryonic and contestable concept. This paper assesses three key approaches and offers a perspective gauging little prospect of theoretical synthesis. Ethical responsibility theory advocates strong corporate self-restraint and altruism duties and expansive public policy strengthening stakeholder rights. Economic responsibility theory advocates market wealth creation subject only to minimalist public policy and perhaps customary business

Duane Windsor

2006-01-01

438

Small Business Champions for Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

While Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has traditionally been the domain of the corporate sector, recognition of the growing significance of the Small and Medium Sized Enterprise (SME) sector has led to an emphasis on their social and environmental impact, illustrated by an increasing number of initiatives aimed at engaging SMEs in the CSR agenda. CSR has been well researched in

Heledd Jenkins

2006-01-01

439

The ethicality of altruistic corporate social responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This commentary questions commonly held assumptions about corporate social responsibility (CSR). It discusses the morality of altruistic CSR – philanthropic CSR activities that are not necessarily beneficial to the firm’s financial position. Evaluating altruistic CSR from all major ethical perspectives – utilitarianism, rights, justice and care – leads to the conclusion that, for publicly held corporations, such activity is immoral.

Geoffrey P. Lantos

2002-01-01

440

INSTRUMENTS OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSABILITY IN THE  

E-print Network

1 INSTRUMENTS OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSABILITY IN THE FORESTRY SECTOR Davide Pettenella.Baffoni) Indirect external stakeholders: an example Social marketing Corporate Social Responsability (CSR) European, DG E&SA, 2004 mod) A. Socially responsible management 1. Code of conducts 2. Management standards 3

Pettenella, Davide

441

From Management Systems to Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the start of the 21st century, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) seems to have great potential for innovating business practices with a positive impact on People, Planet and Profit. In this article the differences between the management systems approach of the nineties, and Corporate Social Responsibility are analysed.

Gerard I. J. M. Zwetsloot

2003-01-01

442

The Market Valuation of Corporate Reputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We provide evidence that corporate reputation has value relevance, as measured by its ability to explain the firm's market value of equity at the end of the fiscal period. Corporate reputation is assessed using a summary measure from the For- tune survey of 'America's most admired compa- nies.' The Fortune measure serves as a proxy for intangible assets, such as

Ervin L. Black; Thomas A. Carnes; V J Richardson

2000-01-01

443

How corporate visual identity supports reputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Corporate visual identity (CVI) comprises all the symbols and graphical elements that express the essence of an organisation. Although it is by far the most visible and tangible asset in the armoury of tools used by the majority of organisations in their interaction with the outside world, the role of CVI is scarcely mentioned in studies on corporate

Annette L. M. van den Bosch; Menno D. T. de Jong; Wim J. L. Elving

2005-01-01

444

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT EARNINGS FORECAST  

E-print Network

1 CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT EARNINGS FORECAST QUALITY: EVIDENCE FROM FRENCH IPOS Anis-mail: anis.mnif@fsegs.rnu.tn Abstract This study examines whether corporate governance attributes have attributes, ownership retained, auditor quality, and underwriter reputation and management earnings forecast

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

445

Nonprofit Communications from a Corporate Communications Viewpoint  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nonprofit organizations, such as social service agencies, charities, and hospitals, plan and prepare communications that are vital to their missions. Although not corporations, these organizations produce news releases, newsletters, and annual reports that are similar to those created in the corporate sector. In this research project for a course…

Cross, Ava

2006-01-01

446

The Corporate Stake in Social Cohesion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a function that transcends, but includes, making profits, creating jobs, and producing goods and services. The effectiveness with which corporations perform this function determines their contribution (or lack of contribution) to social cohesion. This article therefore presents a discussion of some of the…

Oketch, Moses O.

2005-01-01

447

Corporate Governance and the Public Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance has long been a concern for industrial economists but not typically a centrepiece of policy. One reason is that policy design has been based on a market?orientated approach to the theory and impact of the firm. In contrast, this paper is rooted in a strategic decision?making perspective that makes corporate governance a central policy issue. Moreover, whereas responses

J. Robert Branston; Keith Cowling; Roger Sugden

2006-01-01

448

Agency Problems, Equity Ownership, And Corporate Diversification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agency Problems, Equity Ownership, and Corporate DiversificationWe provide evidence on the agency cost explanation for corporate diversification bydocumenting three principal findings. First, there is a strong negative relationbetween the extent of diversification and managerial equity ownership aftercontrolling for other factors related to diversification. Second, there is a weaknegative relation between the value loss from diversification and managerialownership. Third, decreases in...

David J. Denis; Diane K. Denis; Atulya Sarin

1995-01-01

449

Marketing the Corporate University or Enterprise Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers solutions to the one of the areas of greatest weakness in corporate university management, that of the marketing of its purpose and benefits. It draws upon a stakeholder framework to define the different relational perspectives which have to be managed for success in establishing the corporate university brand as having the…

Eccles, Gavin

2004-01-01

450

Conceptualising future change in corporate sustainability reporting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to conceptualise how future changes in corporate social disclosure (CSD), aimed at improving accountability for corporate performance to key stakeholder groups, might be brought about. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Drawing on the work of the Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises with respect to human (and organisational) action and the work of Leon Festinger and

Carol A. Adams; Glen Whelan

2009-01-01

451

Fuzzy Logic approach to corporate strategy mapping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate strategy mapping involves an analysis of company's present situation based on strategic factors known as SWOT factors that represent Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. The company survival analysis aims to forecast appropriate strategies to undertake. For this purpose, Internal-External Matrix (I-E Matrix) is used to map a company's external and internal factors' scores to determine the overall corporate strategy

Nooraini Yusoff; Fadzilah Siraj; Siti Maimon Kamso

2006-01-01

452

Corporate governance: what about the workers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To stimulate debates about the creation of corporate governance mechanisms and processes which would help to secure an equitable distribution of income and wealth for workers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper builds on a political economy of income and wealth inequalities. It argues that corporate governance mechanisms and processes are rooted in particular politics and histories. The state is

Prem Sikka

2008-01-01

453

An Overview of Brazilian Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We provide the first detailed picture of firm-level corporate governance practices in an emerging market. We report on the corporate governance practices of Brazilian public companies, based primarily on an extensive 2005 survey of 116 companies. Most firms have a controlling shareholder or group. Board independence is an area of weakness. The boards of most Brazilian private firms are comprised

Bernard S. Black; Antonio Gledson de Carvalho; Érica Gorga

2008-01-01

454

Is Sustainability Attractive for Corporate Real Estate  

E-print Network

Is Sustainability Attractive for Corporate Real Estate Decisions ? Research Center ESSEC Working Is Sustainability Attractive for Corporate Real Estate Decisions? Ingrid Nappi-Choulet Professor ESSEC BUSINESS SCHOOL Real Estate and Sustainable Development Chair nappi@essec.fr Aurélien Décamps Researcher ESSEC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

455

What Happens When Corporal Punishment Is Legal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses abuses of the use of legalized corporal punishment in schools. The relationship between social factors and the prevalence of corporal punishment in schools was assessed. Newspaper articles dated from 1975 through 1992 and collated through Burelles's Clipping Service were analyzed. The six variables were (a) sex of the educator, (b) sex of the student, (c) age of

MARIA R. CZUMBIL; IRWIN A. HYMAN

1997-01-01

456

Virtual Libraries: Meeting the Corporate Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses virtual libraries in corporate settings from the viewpoint of five special librarians. Highlights include competitive advantage, space and related collection issues, the use of technology, corporate culture, information overload, library vulnerability and downsizing, and the importance of service over format. (LRW)

DiMattia, Susan S.; Blumenstein, Lynn C.

1999-01-01

457

Responses to corporate versus individual wrongdoing  

Microsoft Academic Search

For many years, researchers assumed that the public was indifferent to corporate wrongdoing, but recent surveys have discovered evidence to the contrary. Taking insights from these data a step further, this study employed an experimental design to examine whether people responded differently to corporate versus individual wrongdoers. We varied the identity of the central actor in a scenario involving harm

Valerie P. Hanst; M. David Ermann

1989-01-01

458

Desired General Education Competencies: A Corporate Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A corporate perspective on the general education competencies expected of middle management and technical personnel is provided and responded to in these three papers. First, Rita Meyer presents results from a study conducted by West Virginia Northern Community College to obtain the views of corporate managers on the general education…

Meyer, Rita; And Others

459

The Corporate Stake in Social Cohesion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a function that transcends, but includes, making profits, creating jobs, and producing goods and services. The effectiveness with which corporations perform this function determines their contribution (or lack of contribution) to social cohesion. This article therefore presents a discussion of some of the…

Oketch, Moses O.

2005-01-01

460

Career Decision-Making and Corporate Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to investigate the extent of influence of corporate (or organisational) responsibility on university students' career decision-making. It reports on a pilot study conducted at the University of Sydney which aims to: explore students' ethical, professional and social understanding regarding corporate responsibility; determine the…

Sainty, Rosemary

2008-01-01

461

The Corporate Value and Social Responsibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past two decades, corporate social responsibility has become a controversial issue which is usually responded to according to the management style of individual corporations. Three concepts of management style have developed. Profit maximization considers that money and wealth are most important, labor is a commodity to be bought and sold,…

Lilly, Edward R.

462

Corporate Entrepreneurship: Teaching Managers To Be Entrepreneurs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined training programs in four large companies designed to turn managers into corporate entrepreneurs. Results indicated that many managers can be trained to act like entrepreneurs and that their actions can lead to new value creation. Problems may arise when newly trained entrepreneurs reenter the corporation. (Conains 16 references.) (JOW)

Thornberry, Neal E.

2003-01-01

463

Legal Services Corporation Annual Report, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the Legal Services Corporation's Annual Report for 2010. For more than three decades, the Legal Services Corporation has touched the lives of millions of low-income Americans, addressing the civil legal needs of the elderly, victims of domestic vi...

2011-01-01

464

The Corporate Library and Issues Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of corporate library services and the role of the librarian focuses on the recognition and tracking of issues of potential significance to the corporation, or issues management. Topics addressed include environmental scanning of relevant literature, and the use of databases to track issues. (16 references) (LRW)

Lancaster, F. W.; Loescher, Jane

1994-01-01

465

International Water Law Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As clean water has increasingly become a resource subject to scarcity, international politics and law have become involved with the issues of access to and maintenance of water sources. This site provides comprehensive information on the subject, featuring full texts of the major diplomatic documents, including rules on international groundwaters and rivers agreed upon at UN conferences in Helsinki and Seoul, treaty drafts, regional agreements as well as international case law, an extensive bibliography, and links to related sites. The site was conceived and developed by Gabriel Eckstein in conjunction with The World's Water project of the Pacific Institute.

Eckstein, Gabriel.

466

41 CFR 60-2.30 - Corporate management compliance evaluations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...mid-level and senior corporate management, i.e., glass ceiling. During Corporate Management Compliance Evaluations, special...positions. (b) If, during the course of a Corporate Management Compliance Evaluation, it...

2011-07-01

467

41 CFR 60-2.30 - Corporate management compliance evaluations.  

...mid-level and senior corporate management, i.e., glass ceiling. During Corporate Management Compliance Evaluations, special...positions. (b) If, during the course of a Corporate Management Compliance Evaluation, it...

2014-07-01

468

41 CFR 60-2.30 - Corporate management compliance evaluations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...mid-level and senior corporate management, i.e., glass ceiling. During Corporate Management Compliance Evaluations, special...positions. (b) If, during the course of a Corporate Management Compliance Evaluation, it...

2012-07-01

469

41 CFR 60-2.30 - Corporate management compliance evaluations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...mid-level and senior corporate management, i.e., glass ceiling. During Corporate Management Compliance Evaluations, special...positions. (b) If, during the course of a Corporate Management Compliance Evaluation, it...

2013-07-01

470

75 FR 16211 - MCG Capital Corporation; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Release No. 29191; File No. 812-13694] MCG Capital Corporation; Notice of Application...SUMMARY: Summary of the Application: MCG Capital Corporation (the ``Applicant...Participants'') pursuant to the MCG Capital Corporation 2006 Employee...

2010-03-31

471

26 CFR 1.970-1 - Export trade corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Export trade corporations. 1.970-1 Section 1.970-1...CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Export Trade Corporations § 1.970-1 Export trade corporations. (a) In general....

2011-04-01

472

26 CFR 1.970-1 - Export trade corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Export trade corporations. 1.970-1 Section 1.970-1...CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Export Trade Corporations § 1.970-1 Export trade corporations. (a) In general....

2012-04-01

473

26 CFR 1.970-1 - Export trade corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Export trade corporations. 1.970-1 Section 1.970-1...INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Export Trade Corporations § 1.970-1 Export trade corporations. (a) In general....

2010-04-01

474

26 CFR 1.970-1 - Export trade corporations.  

...2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Export trade corporations. 1.970-1 Section 1.970-1...CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Export Trade Corporations § 1.970-1 Export trade corporations. (a) In general....

2014-04-01

475

26 CFR 1.970-1 - Export trade corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Export trade corporations. 1.970-1 Section 1.970-1...CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Export Trade Corporations § 1.970-1 Export trade corporations. (a) In general....

2013-04-01

476

31 CFR 30.0 - Executive compensation and corporate governance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Executive compensation and corporate governance. 30.0 Section 30.0 Money...STANDARDS FOR COMPENSATION AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE § 30.0 Executive compensation and corporate governance. The following questions and...

2010-07-01

477

12 CFR 630.6 - Funding Corporation committees.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Funding Corporation committees. 630.6 ...CREDIT SYSTEM General § 630.6 Funding Corporation committees. (a) System Audit Committee. The Funding Corporation must establish...

2014-01-01

478

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND THE ECONOMICS OF CONSUMER SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY  

E-print Network

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND THE ECONOMICS OF CONSUMER SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Fabrice ETILE Paris, France. Abstract The promotion of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is likely to depend- and social-image concerns, and careful label regulation. Keywords: corporate social responsibility, consumer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

479

University of Connecticut President's Committee on Corporate Social Responsibility  

E-print Network

University of Connecticut President's Committee on Corporate Social Responsibility Charge to the Committee Fall, 2013 The President's Committee on Corporate Social Responsibility exists to provide advice) regarding corporate social responsibility in the production of officially licensed products utilizing

Alpay, S. Pamir

480

How Well Do Social Ratings Actually Measure Corporate Social Responsibility?*  

E-print Network

How Well Do Social Ratings Actually Measure Corporate Social Responsibility?* Aaron K. Chatterji the implications of our findings for advocates and opponents of corporate social responsibility as well Ratings Actually Measure Corporate Social Responsibility? 1. Introduction An important element

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

481

41 CFR 60-2.30 - Corporate management compliance evaluations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Purpose. Corporate Management Compliance Evaluations...advancement into mid-level and senior corporate management, i.e., glass...mid-and senior-level positions. (b...course of a Corporate Management Compliance...

2010-07-01

482

26 CFR 1.47-4 - Electing small business corporation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...corporation under section 1372. (2) Agreement of shareholders and corporation. (i) The agreement referred to in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph shall be signed by the shareholders and the corporation, and shall...

2012-04-01

483

26 CFR 1.47-4 - Electing small business corporation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...corporation under section 1372. (2) Agreement of shareholders and corporation. (i) The agreement referred to in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph shall be signed by the shareholders and the corporation, and shall...

2011-04-01

484

26 CFR 1.47-4 - Electing small business corporation.  

...corporation under section 1372. (2) Agreement of shareholders and corporation. (i) The agreement referred to in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph shall be signed by the shareholders and the corporation, and shall...

2014-04-01

485

26 CFR 1.47-4 - Electing small business corporation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...corporation under section 1372. (2) Agreement of shareholders and corporation. (i) The agreement referred to in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph shall be signed by the shareholders and the corporation, and shall...

2013-04-01

486

26 CFR 1.47-4 - Electing small business corporation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...corporation under section 1372. (2) Agreement of shareholders and corporation. (i) The agreement referred to in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph shall be signed by the shareholders and the corporation, and shall...

2010-04-01

487

76 FR 16235 - Corporate Credit Unions, Technical Corrections  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...subject to the other credit risk and asset liability...the corporates' risk of loss on these...investment for corporate credit unions--that is...not pose the same risk as investments in...noted, corporate credit union...

2011-03-23

488

Profits, pressure and corporate lawbreaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

While neglect, exploitation, denial of human rights and abuse of nursing home residents can be found in both non-profit and for-profit nursing homes, substantially higher non-compliance with the law is found among for-profits. A significant source of non-compliance is pressure on senior management from proprietors to reach financial goals that can only be attained by cutting corners on quality of

Anne Jenkins; John Braithwaite

1993-01-01

489

RAND Corporation: Measuring Teacher Effectiveness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The RAND Corporation provides research on a range of topics, and has long been interested in public school reform and related matters. This website provides access to papers and commentaries produced as part of RAND's initiative on measuring teacher effectiveness. The site is designed for teachers, administrators, policymakers, and anyone else "seeking objective, nonpartisan information on measuring teaching effectiveness." First-time visitors can get started by looking over the fact sheets, which include "Multiple Choices: Options for Measuring Teaching Effectiveness" and "Teachers Matter: Understanding Teachers' Impact on Student Achievement." After considering these items, visitors can move on to click on the "Research & Commentary" area to read the site's blog, take a look at the multimedia section, or consider the available full reports, which include "Incorporating Student Performance Measures into Teacher Evaluation Systems."

2013-01-15

490

45 CFR 2552.113 - What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation funded projects?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for non-Corporation funded projects? 2552.113 Section 2552...CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE FOSTER GRANDPARENT...Foster Grandparent Program Projects § 2552.113 What financial...for non-Corporation funded projects? Entry into a...

2010-10-01

491

75 FR 55615 - The Bank of New York Mellon Corporate Trust Operations Division Also Known as Global Corporate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bank of New York Mellon, Corporate Trust Operations Division, also known as Global Corporate Trust Billing, including...services, such as debt finance transactions. The company...Bank of New York Mellon, Corporate Trust Operations...

2010-09-13

492

Newton's First Law Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formulations of Newton's first law in Newton's Principia and in modern textbooks are examined critically. A special effort is made to differentiate clearly between definitions and nontrivial facts of nature, and this is done in as primitive terms as possible, with emphasis on the projective structure. A somewhat novel characterization of the term ‘free particle’ is proprosed, and a

Herbert Pfister

2004-01-01

493

Consumer Law Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication is one of a series prepared and distributed by the Legal Assistance Branch of the Administrative and Civil Law Department of The Judge Advocate General's School, U.S. Army (TJAGSA) to assist legal assistance attorneys in the delivery of l...

1998-01-01

494

Law and the Consumer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of eleven modules developed for secondary school consumer education, this document emphasizes the need of the consumer, especially the disadvantaged consumer, to understand the law and the protection it can offer. The material is presented in three columns: understandings (usually formulated as questions followed by commentary), suggested…

Idleman, Hillis K.

495

Consumer Law Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication is one of a series prepared and distributed by the Legal Assistance Branch of the Administrative and Civil Law Department of The Judge Advocate Generals School, U.S. Army (TJAGSA) to assist legal assistance attorneys in the delivery of le...

1999-01-01

496

Athletics and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book answers questions concerning athletics and the law. The chapters include trends in litigation, disruptive behavior, the changing attitude of the court toward married athletes, training rules, and good conduct codes. They include the problem of athletic travel, the changing role of state athletic associations with their diverse rules,…

Appenzeller, Herb

497

Putting Law into Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evolution of ethics in law is followed from the harshness of caveat emptor to the humanistic ethics of the 1970s, including a renewal of formal ethics in the post-Watergate era. The impact on universities and individual disciplines of legalizing ethical conduct is examined cautiously. (JMF)

Lieberman, Jethro K.

1979-01-01

498

CRIMINAL LAW Stands Trial  

E-print Network

CRIMINAL LAW The Brain Stands Trial ETHNOLOGY Field Studies in the Family Album ASTRONOMY-years away ­ and proved for the first time the existence of giant ordered magnetic field structures in other galaxies, as well as the relativistic effect of geodetic precession outside the solar system and in strong

Falge, Eva

499

EU Taxation Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The essential purpose of the tax provisions of the EC Treaty is to contribute to the establishment of a common market that will ensure free trade in goods. The basic principle in this regard is one of non-discrimination between imported and similar or competing domestic goods. This book provides a practical overview of the law in this area and its

Laurence Gormley

500

Lectures on Law Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three lectures on law enforcement are presented that were prepared for study purposes at Johnson County Community College. The first lecture examines the fundamental ideas of the Age of Enlightenment and discusses their influence on the American Revolution, the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. Major provisions of the Bill of…

Nettleship, Lois