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1

Replaceable blade turbine and stationary specimen corrosion testing facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A facility was constructed to provide relatively low cost testing of hot section turbine blade and vane materials under hot corrosion conditions more akin to service environments. The facility consists of a small combustor whose pressurized gas flow can be directed to either a test section consisting of three small cascaded specimens or to a partial admittance single-stage axial flow turbine. The turbine rotor contains 28 replaceable turbine blades. The combustion gases resulting from the burning of Jet A-l fuel can be seeded with measured amounts of alkali salts. This facility is described here along with preliminary corrosion test results obtained during the final checkout of the facility.

Santoro, G. J.; Calfo, F. D.

1985-01-01

2

Characterization of the Facility for Atmospheric Corrosion Testing (FACT) at Sandia  

SciTech Connect

The capability to perform atmospheric corrosion testing of materials and components now exists at Sandia resulting from the installation of a system called the Facility for Atmospheric Corrosion Testing (FACT). This report details the design, equipment, operation, maintenance, and future modifications of the system. This report also presents some representative data acquired from testing copper in environments generated by the FACT.

Greenholt, C.J.; Sorensen, N.R.; Poulter, G.A.; Guilinger, T.R.

1993-06-01

3

Multisystem corrosion monitoring in a cyclic reheat test facility: Phase 1  

SciTech Connect

The work described in this report was the first stage of an EPRI-sponsored corrosion investigation utilizing the CAPCIS electrochemical monitoring system installed in a cyclic reheat test facility on a flue gas slipstream at the Scholz Steam Plant of Gulf Power Company. The primary reasons for incorporating the continuous corrosion monitoring system in the cyclic reheat investigation were that unexpectedly high corrosion rates had been observed in earlier tests at certain locations within the test exchanger and the precise reasons for these high rates of attack were not well understood. The corrosion behavior was not typical of the limited service experience on full scale units and the reasons for this required clarification. Controlled temperature weight loss and electrochemical probes were installed in the unit in place of three of the 1-inch diameter heat exchanger tubes. The corrosion behavior of Inconel Alloy 625 over the temperature range 260/degree/ to 120/degree/F (127/degree/ to 49/degree/C) was evaluated at mid-stream and sidewall locations. The efects on corrosion of operational variables and cleaning procedures were also evaluated. The severe corrosion attack sustained on the Inconel Alloy 625 was proved to result from a combination of effects which included the flue gas flow pattern, local cool-spots within the unit and preferential locations at which ash deposits could accumulate. 5 refs., 50 figs., 17 tabs.

Farrell, D.M.; Cox, W.M.; Gearey, D.

1988-04-01

4

Integrated Corrosion Facility for long-term testing of candidate materials for high-level radioactive waste containment  

SciTech Connect

A long-term-testing facility, the Integrated Corrosion Facility (I.C.F.), is being developed to investigate the corrosion behavior of candidate construction materials for high-level-radioactive waste packages for the potential repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Corrosion phenomena will be characterized in environments considered possible under various scenarios of water contact with the waste packages. The testing of the materials will be conducted both in the liquid and high humidity vapor phases at 60 and 90{degrees}C. Three classes of materials with different degrees of corrosion resistance will be investigated in order to encompass the various design configurations of waste packages. The facility is expected to be in operation for a minimum of five years, and operation could be extended to longer times if warranted. A sufficient number of specimens will be emplaced in the test environments so that some can be removed and characterized periodically. The corrosion phenomena to be characterized are general, localized, galvanic, and stress corrosion cracking. The long-term data obtained from this study will be used in corrosion mechanism modeling, performance assessment, and waste package design. Three classes of materials are under consideration. The corrosion resistant materials are high-nickel alloys and titanium alloys; the corrosion allowance materials are low-alloy and carbon steels; and the intermediate corrosion resistant materials are copper-nickel alloys.

Estill, J.C.; Dalder, E.N.C.; Gdowski, G.E.; McCright, R.D.

1994-10-01

5

Superheater/intermediate temperature air heater tube corrosion tests in the MHD coal fired flow facility (Montana Rosebud POC tests)  

SciTech Connect

Nineteen alloys have been exposed for approximately 1000 test hours as candidate superheater and intermediate temperature air heater tubes in a U.S. DOE facility dedicated to demonstrating Proof of Concept for the bottoming or heat and seed recovery portion of coal fired magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) electrical power generating plants. Corrosion data have been obtained from a test series utilizing a western United States sub-bituminous coal, Montana Rosebud. The test alloys included a broad range of compositions ranging from carbon steel to austenitic stainless steels to high chromium nickel-base alloys. The tubes, coated with K{sub 2}SO-containing deposits, developed principally, oxide scales by an oxidation/sulfidation mechanism. In addition to being generally porous, these scales were frequently spalled and/or non-compact due to a dispersed form of outward growth by oxide precipitation in the adjacent deposit. Austenitic alloys generally had internal penetration as trans Tranular and/or intergranular oxides and sulfides. While only two of the alloys had damage visible without magnification as a result of the relatively short exposure, there was some concern about Iona-term corrosion performance owing to the relatively poor quality scales formed. Comparison of data from these tests to those from a prior series of tests with Illinois No. 6, a high sulfur bituminous coal, showed less corrosion in the present test series with the lower sulfur coal. Although K{sub 2}SO{sub 4}was the principal corrosive agent as the supplier of sulfur, which acted to degrade alloy surface scales, tying up sulfur as K{sub 2}SO{sub 4} prevented the occurrence of complex alkali iron trisulfates responsible for severe or catastrophic corrosion in conventional power plants with certain coals and metal temperatures.

White, M.

1996-01-01

6

Multi-Function Waste Tank Facility Corrosion Test Report (Phase 1)  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of the corrosion tests that were performed to aid in the selection of the construction materials for multi-function waste tanks to be built in the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site. Two alloys were tested: 304L and Alloy 20 austenitic stainless steel. The test media were aqueous solutions formulated to represent the extreme of the chemical compositions of waste to be stored in the tanks. The results summerized by alloy are as follows: For 304L the tests showed no stress-corrosion cracking in any of the nine test solutions. The tests showed pitting in on of the solutions. There were no indications of any weld heat-tint corrosion, nor any sign of preferential corrosion in the welded areas. For Alloy 20 the tests showed no general, pitting, or stress-corrosion cracking. One crevice corrosion coupon cracked at the web between a hole and the edge of the coupon in one of the solutions. Mechanical tests showed some possible crack extension in the same solution. Because of the failure of both alloys to meet test acceptance criteria, the tank waste chemistry will have to be restricted or an alternative alloy tested.

Carlos, W. C.; Fritz, R. L.

1993-12-27

7

Superheater/intermediate temperature airheater tube corrosion tests in the MHD Coal Fired Flow Facility (Eastern Coal Phase)  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion data have been obtained for tub is exposed for 1500--2000 hours in a proof-of-concept magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) power generation test facility to conditions representative of superheater and intermediate temperature air heater (ITAH) components. The tubes, coated with K{sub 2}SO{sub 4}-rich deposits, were corroded more than in most pulverized coal fired superheater service, but much less than the highly aggressive liquid phase attack encountered in conventional plants with certain coals and temperatures. Results indicated that, with parabolic corrosion kinetics, type 310 and 253MA stainless steels should be usable to 1400F at hot end of ITAH. At final superheater temperatures, 2.25 and 5 Cr steels were indicated to have parabolic corrosion rates generally below a 0.5 mm/yr criterion, based on corrosion scale thickness. However, unknown amounts of scale loss from spallation made this determination uncertain. Stainless steels 304H, 316H, and 321H had parabolic rates variably above the criterion, but may be servicable under less cyclic conditions. Corrosion rates derived from scale thickness and intergranular corrosion depth measurements are reported, along with scale morphologies and compositions. Implications of results on commercial MHD utilization of the alloys are discussed, as well as the indicated need for more corrosion resistant alloys or coatings under the most severe exposure conditions.

White, M.K.

1993-11-01

8

Microbiologically influenced corrosion testing  

SciTech Connect

This symposium was held November 16--17, 1992 in Miami, Florida. The purpose of the symposium was to provide a forum for state-of-the-art information on the effects of microorganisms on the corrosion of metals. Many industrial needs in the area of microbial influenced corrosion testing are identified in the presentations along with latest laboratory and field testing techniques. Strategies to monitor and control corrosion and biofouling in water distribution systems, underground pipelines, buildings, and marine vessels are discussed. Individual papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the appropriate data bases.

Kearns, J.R.; Little, B.J. (eds.)

1994-01-01

9

Corrosion testing using isotopes  

DOEpatents

A method for determining the corrosion behavior of a material with respect to a medium in contact with the material by: implanting a substantially chemically inert gas in a matrix so that corrosion experienced by the material causes the inert gas to enter the medium; placing the medium in contact with the material; and measuring the amount of inert gas which enters the medium. A test sample of a material whose resistance to corrosion by a medium is to be tested, composed of: a body of the material, which body has a surface to be contacted by the medium; and a substantially chemically inert gas implanted into the body to a depth below the surface. A test sample of a material whose resistance to corrosion by a medium is to be tested, composed of: a substrate of material which is easily corroded by the medium, the substrate having a surface; a substantially chemically inert gas implanted into the substrate; and a sheet of the material whose resistance to corrosion is to be tested, the sheet being disposed against the surface of the substrate and having a defined thickness.

Hohorst, Frederick A. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID

1995-12-05

10

Corrosion testing using isotopes  

DOEpatents

A method is described for determining the corrosion behavior of a material with respect to a medium in contact with the material by: implanting a substantially chemically inert gas in a matrix so that corrosion experienced by the material causes the inert gas to enter the medium; placing the medium in contact with the material; and measuring the amount of inert gas which enters the medium. A test sample of a material whose resistance to corrosion by a medium is to be tested is described composed of: a body of the material, which body has a surface to be contacted by the medium; and a substantially chemically inert gas implanted into the body to a depth below the surface. A test sample of a material whose resistance to corrosion by a medium is to be tested is described composed of: a substrate of material which is easily corroded by the medium, the substrate having a surface; a substantially chemically inert gas implanted into the substrate; and a sheet of the material whose resistance to corrosion is to be tested, the sheet being disposed against the surface of the substrate and having a defined thickness. 3 figs.

Hohorst, F.A.

1995-12-05

11

Facilities Corrosion Impacts: 'When Corrosion Wins, the Mission Ends'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

IMPACT OF CORROSION ON ARMY FACILITIES: Coating degradation on steel structures - roofing, storage tanks, bridges, etc. * Water and fuel distribution systems, storage tanks, and pumping systems * Water intrusion through concrete and masonry structures bel...

V. F. Hock

2010-01-01

12

Accelerated Testing of Copper Corrosion  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative, short-term corrosion test has been developed that can predict long-term copper corrosion behavior. When used in a six-day study of uniform copper corrosion in five waters, the test predicted corrosion rates that were in good qualitative and quantitative agreement with known long-term (210-day) results. A second phase of the study examined the poorly understood phenomenon of soft-water pitting.

Marc Edwards; John F. Ferguson

1993-01-01

13

Mobile evaporator corrosion test results  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory corrosion tests were conducted on eight candidates to select a durable and cost-effective alloy for use in mobile evaporators to process radioactive waste solutions. Based on an extensive literature survey of corrosion data, three stainless steel alloys (304L, 316L, AL-6XN), four nickel-based alloys (825, 625, 690, G-30), and titanium were selected for testing. The corrosion tests included vapor phase, liquid junction (interface), liquid immersion, and crevice corrosion tests on plain and welded samples of candidate materials. Tests were conducted at 80{degrees}C for 45 days in two different test solutions: a nitric acid solution. to simulate evaporator conditions during the processing of the cesium ion-exchange eluant and a highly alkaline sodium hydroxide solution to simulate the composition of Tank 241-AW-101 during evaporation. All of the alloys exhibited excellent corrosion resistance in the alkaline test solution. Corrosion rates were very low and localized corrosion was not observed. Results from the nitric acid tests showed that only 316L stainless steel did not meet our performance criteria. The 316L welded interface and crevice specimens had rates of 22.2 mpy and 21.8 mpy, respectively, which exceeds the maximum corrosion rate of 20 mpy. The other welded samples had about the same corrosion resistance as the plain samples. None of the welded samples showed preferential weld or heat-affected zone (HAZ) attack. Vapor corrosion was negligible for all alloys. All of the alloys except 316L exhibited either {open_quotes}satisfactory{close_quotes} (2-20 mpy) or {open_quotes}excellent{close_quotes} (<2 mpy) corrosion resistance as defined by National Association of Corrosion Engineers. However, many of the alloys experienced intergranular corrosion in the nitric acid test solution, which could indicate a susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in this environment.

Rozeveld, A.; Chamberlain, D.B.

1997-05-01

14

OTEC Biofouling-Control and Corrosion-Protection Study at the Seacoast Test Facility: 1981-1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results from the first two years of operation of the OTEC Seacoast Test Facility in Hawaii are presented. No detectable biofouling from cold water in smooth tubes has been observed. Intermittent, low-level chlorination appears to control biofouling from w...

C. B. Panchal J. Larsen-Basse L. R. Berger J. A. Berger B. J. Little

1985-01-01

15

Long-term corrosion testing pan.  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the testing and facility requirements to support the Yucca Mountain Project long-term corrosion testing needs. The purpose of this document is to describe a corrosion testing program that will (a) reduce model uncertainty and variability, (b) reduce the reliance upon overly conservative assumptions, and (c) improve model defensibility. Test matrices were developed for 17 topical areas (tasks): each matrix corresponds to a specific test activity that is a subset of the total work performed in a task. A future document will identify which of these activities are considered to be performance confirmation activities. Detailed matrices are provided for FY08, FY09 and FY10 and rough order estimates are provided for FY11-17. Criteria for the selection of appropriate test facilities were developed through a meeting of Lead Lab and DOE personnel on October 16-17, 2007. These criteria were applied to the testing activities and recommendations were made for the facility types appropriate to carry out each activity. The facility requirements for each activity were assessed and activities were identified that can not be performed with currently available facilities. Based on this assessment, a total of approximately 10,000 square feet of facility space is recommended to meet all future testing needs, given that all testing is consolidated to a single location. This report is a revision to SAND2007-7027 to address DOE comments and add a series of tests to address NWTRB recommendations.

Wall, Frederick Douglas; Brown, Neil R. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM)

2008-08-01

16

Long-term corrosion testing plan.  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the testing and facility requirements to support the Yucca Mountain Project long-term corrosion testing program. The purpose of this document is to describe a corrosion testing program that will (a) reduce model uncertainty and variability, (b) reduce the reliance upon overly conservative assumptions, and (c) improve model defensibility. Test matrices were developed for 17 topical areas (tasks): each matrix corresponds to a specific test activity that is a subset of the total work performed in a task. A future document will identify which of these activities are considered to be performance confirmation activities. Detailed matrices are provided for FY08, FY09 and FY10 and rough order estimates are provided for FY11-17. Criteria for the selection of appropriate test facilities were developed through a meeting of Lead Lab and DOE personnel on October 16-17, 2007. These criteria were applied to the testing activities and recommendations were made for the facility types appropriate to carry out each activity. The facility requirements for each activity were assessed and activities were identified that can not be performed with currently available facilities. Based on this assessment, a total of approximately 10,000 square feet of facility space is recommended to accommodate all future testing, given that all testing is consolidated to a single location. This report is a revision to SAND2008-4922 to address DOE comments.

Wall, Frederick Douglas; Brown, Neil R. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM)

2009-02-01

17

Mitigation strategies for microbiologically influenced corrosion in gas industry facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) and its mitigation in gas industry facilities. The results show that MIC commonly occurs on both external and internal surfaces of pipes, in down hole tubulars and in process equipment such as separators. Mitigation strategies were tested in side-stream devices at several sites. The results demonstrate that many biocides

D. H. Pope; T. P. Zintel; B. A. Cookingham; D. Howard; R. G. Morris; R. A. Day; J. R. Frank; G. E. Pogemiller

1989-01-01

18

NETL- Severe Environment Corrosion Erosion Facility  

SciTech Connect

NETL's Severe Environment Corrosion Erosion Facility in Albany studies how new and old materials will stand up to new operating conditions. Work done in the lab supports NETL's oxy-fuel combustion oxidation work, refractory materials stability work, and the fuels program, in particular the hydrogen membrane materials stability work, to determine how best to upgrade existing power plants.

None

2013-09-12

19

NETL- Severe Environment Corrosion Erosion Facility  

ScienceCinema

NETL's Severe Environment Corrosion Erosion Facility in Albany studies how new and old materials will stand up to new operating conditions. Work done in the lab supports NETL's oxy-fuel combustion oxidation work, refractory materials stability work, and the fuels program, in particular the hydrogen membrane materials stability work, to determine how best to upgrade existing power plants.

None

2014-06-16

20

Research and test facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A description is given of each of the following Langley research and test facilities: 0.3-Meter Transonic Cryogenic Tunnel, 7-by 10-Foot High Speed Tunnel, 8-Foot Transonic Pressure Tunnel, 13-Inch Magnetic Suspension & Balance System, 14-by 22-Foot Subsonic Tunnel, 16-Foot Transonic Tunnel, 16-by 24-Inch Water Tunnel, 20-Foot Vertical Spin Tunnel, 30-by 60-Foot Wind Tunnel, Advanced Civil Transport Simulator (ACTS), Advanced Technology Research Laboratory, Aerospace Controls Research Laboratory (ACRL), Aerothermal Loads Complex, Aircraft Landing Dynamics Facility (ALDF), Avionics Integration Research Laboratory, Basic Aerodynamics Research Tunnel (BART), Compact Range Test Facility, Differential Maneuvering Simulator (DMS), Enhanced/Synthetic Vision & Spatial Displays Laboratory, Experimental Test Range (ETR) Flight Research Facility, General Aviation Simulator (GAS), High Intensity Radiated Fields Facility, Human Engineering Methods Laboratory, Hypersonic Facilities Complex, Impact Dynamics Research Facility, Jet Noise Laboratory & Anechoic Jet Facility, Light Alloy Laboratory, Low Frequency Antenna Test Facility, Low Turbulence Pressure Tunnel, Mechanics of Metals Laboratory, National Transonic Facility (NTF), NDE Research Laboratory, Polymers & Composites Laboratory, Pyrotechnic Test Facility, Quiet Flow Facility, Robotics Facilities, Scientific Visualization System, Scramjet Test Complex, Space Materials Research Laboratory, Space Simulation & Environmental Test Complex, Structural Dynamics Research Laboratory, Structural Dynamics Test Beds, Structures & Materials Research Laboratory, Supersonic Low Disturbance Pilot Tunnel, Thermal Acoustic Fatigue Apparatus (TAFA), Transonic Dynamics Tunnel (TDT), Transport Systems Research Vehicle, Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel, and the Visual Motion Simulator (VMS).

1993-01-01

21

Method For Testing Properties Of Corrosive Lubricants  

DOEpatents

A method of testing corrosive lubricating media using a wear testing apparatus without a mechanical seal. The wear testing apparatus and methods are effective for testing volatile corrosive lubricating media under pressure and at high temperatures.

Ohi, James (Denver, CO); De La Cruz, Jose L. (San Antonio, TX); Lacey, Paul I. (Wexford, IE)

2006-01-03

22

Laboratory coal ash corrosion tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a program to provide complete, reliable corrosion data for selected superheater and reheater tube alloys, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, conducted materials tests in simulated coal-ash environments. Test coupons were made from 11 base alloys, 7 cladding alloys (typically for coextruded tubes), chromizings, plasma spray coatings, and weld metals. The coupons were coated with synthetic ashes mirroring

Wolowodiuk

1989-01-01

23

Electrochemical corrosion testing of metal waste forms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electrochemical corrosion tests have been conducted on simulated stainless steel-zirconium (SS-Zr) metal waste form (MWF) samples. The uniform aqueous corrosion behavior of the samples in various test solutions was measured by the polarization resistance technique. The data show that the MWF corrosion rates are very low in groundwaters representative of the proposed Yucca Mountain repository. Galvanic corrosion measurements were also

D. P. Abraham; J. J. Peterson; H. K. Katyal; D. D. Keiser; B. A. Hilton

1999-01-01

24

Laboratory coal ash corrosion tests  

SciTech Connect

In a program to provide complete, reliable corrosion data for selected superheater and reheater tube alloys, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, conducted materials tests in simulated coal-ash environments. Test coupons were made from 11 base alloys, 7 cladding alloys (typically for coextruded tubes), chromizings, plasma spray coatings, and weld metals. The coupons were coated with synthetic ashes mirroring actual deposits and were exposed to synthetic gas containing sulfur dioxide, oxygen, carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen. They were exposed for 100 hours at 600 to 750/degree/C (1112 to 1382/degree/F) and then were weighed to determine metal loss. Based on the results of testing, three commercial alloys (Alloy 800H, HR3C, and Tempaloy CR30A) as single-walled tubes and Type 310SS and 35Cr-45Ni as clad or co-extruded tubes are recommended for aggressive, corrosive atmospheres. However, co-extruded tubes are expensive; thus there is an economic advantage to using HR3C and Alloy 800H in the corrosive atmospheres encountered in Phases 0 and 1. Materials are discussed for these advanced boilers as well as for boilers currently experiencing coal-ash corrosion.

Wolowodiuk, W.

1989-07-01

25

Mitigation strategies for microbiologically influenced corrosion in gas industry facilities  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a study of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) and its mitigation in gas industry facilities. The results show that MIC commonly occurs on both external and internal surfaces of pipes, in down hole tubulars and in process equipment such as separators. Mitigation strategies were tested in side-stream devices at several sites. The results demonstrate that many biocides and corrosion inhibitors are relatively ineffective in controlling the surface microbial populations, at least under the conditions of the tests. Detailed studies with glutaraldehyde demonstrated that reestablishment of surface MIC communities after removal of this biocide was very rapid. Continuous treatment with glutaraldehyde led to the development of surface microbial communities resistant to the effects of the biocide.

Pope, D.H.; Zintel, T.P. (Bio Industrial Technologies, Grafton, NY (US)); Cookingham, B.A. (ANR Pipeline Co., Detroit, MI (US)); Howard, D.; Morris, R.G. (Colorado Interstate Gas Co., Colorado Springs, CO (US)); Day, R.A.; Frank, J.R. (Gas Research Institute, Chicago, IL (US)); Pogemiller, G.E. (Natural Gas P/L Co. of America, Joliet, IL (US))

1989-01-01

26

Shock Testing Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the shock-testing facilities available at the Naval Ordnance Laboratory for simulating the effects of shocks experienced by various types of ordnance (mines, torpedoes, and projectiles, for example) under service conditions. The capab...

1967-01-01

27

Anechoic Aeroacoustic Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The University of Florida has completed the construction of an advanced aeroacoustics testbed to facilitate both existing and future Air Force/ DoD research projects. The proposed facility consists of a versatile anechoic chamber processing a test volume ...

L. N. Cattafesta P. Hubner M. Sheplak B. Carroll

2001-01-01

28

Corrosion Preventive Compounds Lifetime Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Lifetime Testing of Corrosion Preventive Compounds (CPCs) was performed to quantify performance in the various environments to which the Space Shuttle Orbiter is exposed during a flight cycle. Three CPCs are approved for use on the Orbiter: RD Calcium Grease, Dinitrol AV-30, and Braycote 601 EF. These CPCs have been rigorously tested to prove that they mitigate corrosion in typical environments, but little information is available on how they perform in the unique combination of the coastal environment at the launch pad, the vacuum of low-earth orbit, and the extreme heat of reentry. Currently, there is no lifetime or reapplication schedule established for these compounds that is based on this combination of environmental conditions. Aluminum 2024 coupons were coated with the three CPCs and exposed to conditions that simulate the environments to which the Orbiter is exposed. Uncoated Aluminum 2024 coupons were exposed to the environmental conditions as a control. Visual inspection and Electro- Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) were performed on the samples in order to determine the effectiveness of the CPCs. The samples were processed through five mission life cycles or until the visual inspection revealed the initiation of corrosion and EIS indicated severe degradation of the coating.

Hale, Stephanie M.; Kammerer, Catherine C.; Copp, Tracy L.

2007-01-01

29

Corrosion Preventive Compounds Lifetime Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Lifetime Testing of Corrosion Preventive Compounds (CPCs) was performed to quantify performance in the various environments to which the Space Shuttle Orbiter is exposed during a flight cycle. Three CPCs are approved for use on the Orbiter: HD Calcium Grease, Dinitrol AV-30, and Braycote 601 EF. These CPCs have been rigorously tested to prove that they mitigate corrosion in typical environments, but little information is available on how they perform in the unique combination of the coastal environment at the launch pad, the vacuum of low-earth orbit, and the extreme heat of reentry. Currently, there is no lifetime or reapplication schedule established for these compounds that is based on this combination of environmental conditions. Aluminum 2024 coupons were coated with the three CPCs and exposed to conditions that simulate the environments to which the Orbiter is exposed. Uncoated Aluminum 2024 coupons were exposed to the environmental conditions as a control. Visual inspection and Electro- Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) were performed on the samples in order to determine the effectiveness of the CPCs. The samples were processed through five mission life cycles or until the visual inspection revealed the initiation of corrosion and EIS indicated severe degradation of the coating.

Hale, Stephanie M.; Kammerer, Catherine C.

2007-01-01

30

Fabrication and testing of corrosion resistant coatings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The susceptibility of SiC and SiâN{sub n} to sodium corrosion mandates that corrosion resistant coatings be developed to protect silicon-based turbine engine components. Materials with good corrosion resistance and thermal expansions that nearly match SiC and SiâNâ have been identified. Corrosion testing of hot-pressed pellets of these compounds has identified the most promising materials. Development of chemical vapor deposition system

D. P. Stinton; J. C. McLaughlin; L. Riester

1991-01-01

31

Aeropropulsion Environmental Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of the DoD Base Realignment and Closure process, the unique Navy capability to test aircraft engines under various environmental conditions is being transitioned to the Air Force. A new facility, using two modified sea level Air Force T-9 test cel...

J. K. Lominac J. F. Boytos

1998-01-01

32

Simulated hail test facility  

SciTech Connect

A low cost, simulated hail test facility for testing solar mirror and support materials has been developed. The facility was designed to be mounted on an existing 54.8 m (180 ft) tower. The facility consists of a 30.5 m (100 ft) vertical steel tube, an ice ball transport mechanism, and a release mechanism. It is simple to control and maintain, and it is convenient for a one-man operation. The facility was designed to operate in either a single ball drop mode or a salvo drop mode. Measured velocities of the simulated hail were within 10 percent of the calculated theoretical terminal velocities of hail in still air for diameters up to 1.9 cm (0.75 in). For larger diameter hail balls, the drop distance is too short to reach terminal velocity. (Deviations from terminal velocity are as high as 14 percent for 2.54 cm (1.0 in) diameter ice balls.) Data generated at this facility aided in the characterization of hail resistant materials for solar applications. An example of one sample material is included. Test procedures and alternate methods of hail testing are also discussed.

Miller, D.W.

1980-02-01

33

Geothermal drill pipe corrosion test plan  

SciTech Connect

Plans are presented for conducting a field test of drill pipe corrosion, comparing air and nitrogen as drilling fluids. This test will provide data for evaluating the potential of reducing geothermal well drilling costs by extending drill pipe life and reducing corrosion control costs. The 10-day test will take place during fall 1980 at the Baca Location in Sandoval County, New Mexico.

Caskey, B.C.; Copass, K.S.

1980-12-01

34

Large coil test facility  

SciTech Connect

Final design of the facility is nearing completion, and 20% of the construction has been accomplished. A large vacuum chamber, houses the test assembly which is coupled to appropriate cryogenic, electrical, instrumentation, diagnostc systems. Adequate assembly/disassembly areas, shop space, test control center, offices, and test support laboratories are located in the same building. Assembly and installation operations are accomplished with an overhead crane. The major subsystems are the vacuum system, the test stand assembly, the cryogenic system, the experimental electric power system, the instrumentation and control system, and the data aquisition system.

Nelms, L.W.; Thompson, P.B.

1980-01-01

35

Corrosiveness testing of thermal insulating materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was conducted to provide the data to form the basis for a method to test the corrosiveness of various thermal insulating materials used in residential structures. The insulating materials tested included celluloses containing several different fire-retarding additives, glass fibers some of which had been intentionally made more corrosive, mineral wool and urea-formaldehyde (UF) foam. Experiments were conducted with

K. Sheppard; R. Weil

1984-01-01

36

Coal Ash Corrosion Resistant Materials Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In April 1999, three identical superheater test sections were installed into the Niles Unit No.1 for the purpose of testing and ranking the coal ash corrosion resistance of candidate superheater alloys. The Niles boiler burns high sulfur coal (3% to 3.5%) that has a reasonably high alkali content, thus the constituents necessary for coal ash corrosion are present in the

D. K. McDonald; P. L. Daniel; D. J. DeVault

2003-01-01

37

Failure Prevention by Short Time Corrosion Tests  

SciTech Connect

Short time corrosion testing of perforated sheets and wire meshes fabricated from Type 304L stainless steel, Alloy 600 and C276 showed that 304L stainless steel perforated sheet should perform well as the material of construction for dissolver baskets. The baskets will be exposed to hot nitric acid solutions and are limited life components. The corrosion rates of the other alloys and of wire meshes were too high for useful extended service. Test results also indicated that corrosion of the dissolver should drop quickly during the dissolutions due to the inhibiting effects of the corrosion products produced by the dissolution processes.

MICKALONIS, JOHN

2005-05-01

38

Integrated Test Facility (ITF)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA-Dryden Integrated Test Facility (ITF), also known as the Walter C. Williams Research Aircraft Integration Facility (RAIF), provides an environment for conducting efficient and thorough testing of advanced, highly integrated research aircraft. Flight test confidence is greatly enhanced by the ability to qualify interactive aircraft systems in a controlled environment. In the ITF, each element of a flight vehicle can be regulated and monitored in real time as it interacts with the rest of the aircraft systems. Testing in the ITF is accomplished through automated techniques in which the research aircraft is interfaced to a high-fidelity real-time simulation. Electric and hydraulic power are also supplied, allowing all systems except the engines to function as if in flight. The testing process is controlled by an engineering workstation that sets up initial conditions for a test, initiates the test run, monitors its progress, and archives the data generated. The workstation is also capable of analyzing results of individual tests, comparing results of multiple tests, and producing reports. The computers used in the automated aircraft testing process are also capable of operating in a stand-alone mode with a simulation cockpit, complete with its own instruments and controls. Control law development and modification, aerodynamic, propulsion, guidance model qualification, and flight planning -- functions traditionally associated with real-time simulation -- can all be performed in this manner. The Remotely Augmented Vehicles (RAV) function, now located in the ITF, is a mainstay in the research techniques employed at Dryden. This function is used for tests that are too dangerous for direct human involvement or for which computational capacity does not exist onboard a research aircraft. RAV provides the researcher with a ground-based computer that is radio linked to the test aircraft during actual flight. The Ground Vibration Testing (GVT) system, formerly housed in the Thermostructural Laboratory, now also resides in the ITF. In preparing a research aircraft for flight testing, it is vital to measure its structural frequencies and mode shapes and compare results to the models used in design analysis. The final function performed in the ITF is routine aircraft maintenance. This includes preflight and post-flight instrumentation checks and the servicing of hydraulics, avionics, and engines necessary on any research aircraft. Aircraft are not merely moved to the ITF for automated testing purposes but are housed there throughout their flight test programs.

1991-01-01

39

Integrated Test Facility (ITF)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA-Dryden Integrated Test Facility (ITF), also known as the Walter C. Williams Research Aircraft Integration Facility (RAIF), provides an environment for conducting efficient and thorough testing of advanced, highly integrated research aircraft. Flight test confidence is greatly enhanced by the ability to qualify interactive aircraft systems in a controlled environment. In the ITF, each element of a flight vehicle can be regulated and monitored in real time as it interacts with the rest of the aircraft systems. Testing in the ITF is accomplished through automated techniques in which the research aircraft is interfaced to a high-fidelity real-time simulation. Electric and hydraulic power are also supplied, allowing all systems except the engines to function as if in flight. The testing process is controlled by an engineering workstation that sets up initial conditions for a test, initiates the test run, monitors its progress, and archives the data generated. The workstation is also capable of analyzing results of individual tests, comparing results of multiple tests, and producing reports. The computers used in the automated aircraft testing process are also capable of operating in a stand-alone mode with a simulation cockpit, complete with its own instruments and controls. Control law development and modification, aerodynamic, propulsion, guidance model qualification, and flight planning -- functions traditionally associated with real-time simulation -- can all be performed in this manner. The Remotely Augmented Vehicles (RAV) function, now located in the ITF, is a mainstay in the research techniques employed at Dryden. This function is used for tests that are too dangerous for direct human involvement or for which computational capacity does not exist onboard a research aircraft. RAV provides the researcher with a ground-based computer that is radio linked to the test aircraft during actual flight. The Ground Vibration Testing (GVT) system, formerly housed in the Thermostructural Laboratory, now also resides in the ITF. In preparing a research aircraft for flight testing, it is vital to measure its structural frequencies and mode shapes and compare results to the models used in design analysis. The final function performed in the ITF is routine aircraft maintenance. This includes preflight and post-flight instrumentation checks and the servicing of hydraulics, avionics, and engines necessary on any research aircraft. Aircraft are not merely moved to the ITF for automated testing purposes but are housed there throughout their flight test programs.

1992-01-01

40

Fabrication and testing of corrosion resistant coatings  

SciTech Connect

The susceptibility of SiC and Si{sub 3}N{sub n} to sodium corrosion mandates that corrosion resistant coatings be developed to protect silicon-based turbine engine components. Materials with good corrosion resistance and thermal expansions that nearly match SiC and Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} have been identified. Corrosion testing of hot-pressed pellets of these compounds has identified the most promising materials. Development of chemical vapor deposition system to apply these materials has been initiated. 20 refs., 3 figs.

Stinton, D.P.; McLaughlin, J.C.; Riester, L.

1991-01-01

41

Universal Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A universal test facility (UTF) for Space Station Freedom is developed. In this context, universal means that the experimental rack design must be: automated, highly marketable, and able to perform diverse microgravity experiments according to NASA space station requirements. In order to fulfill these broad objectives, the facility's customers, and their respective requirements, are first defined. From these definitions, specific design goals and the scope of the first phase of this project are determined. An examination is first made into what types of research are most likely to make the UTF marketable. Based on our findings, the experiments for which the UTF would most likely be used included: protein crystal growth, hydroponics food growth, gas combustion, gallium arsenide crystal growth, microorganism development, and cell encapsulation. Therefore, the UTF is designed to fulfill all of the major requirements for the experiments listed above. The versatility of the design is achieved by taking advantage of the many overlapping requirements presented by these experiments.

Laughery, Mike

1994-01-01

42

Test Tube Geology: The Corrosion of Iron  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Materials Science and Technology Teacher's Workshop (MAST) provides this demonstration on corrosion. The class will observe the corrosion of iron nails in a test tube over a period of several days. The lesson includes a step by step explanation of the laboratory procedure and discussion questions.

2012-03-05

43

Solar Central Receiver Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The world's largest high intensity solar experimental facility became fully operational October 1978. The Central Receiver Test Facility is capable of delivering 5 million watts of thermal power to experimental equipment. The primary CRTF testing programs...

G. E. Brandvold J. T. Holmes

1979-01-01

44

A facility for studying irradiation accelerated corrosion in high temperature water  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A facility for the study of irradiation accelerated corrosion in high temperature water using in situ proton irradiation has been developed and validated. A specially designed beamline and flowing-water corrosion cell added to the 1.7 MV tandem accelerator at the Michigan Ion Beam Laboratory provide the capability to study the simultaneous effects of displacement damage and radiolysis on corrosion. A thin sample serves as both a “window” into the corrosion cell through which the proton beam passes completely, and the sample for assessing irradiation accelerated corrosion. The facility was tested by irradiating stainless steel samples at beam current densities between 0.5 and 10 ?A/cm2 in 130 °C and 320 °C deaerated water, and 320 °C water with 3 wppm H2. Increases in the conductivity and dissolved oxygen content of the water varied with the proton beam current, suggesting that proton irradiation was accelerating the corrosion of the sample. Conductivity increases were greatest at 320 °C, while DO increases were highest at 130 °C. The addition of 3 wppm H2 suppressed DO below detectable levels. The facility will enable future studies into the effect of irradiation on corrosion in high temperature water with in situ proton irradiation.

Raiman, Stephen S.; Flick, Alexander; Toader, Ovidiu; Wang, Peng; Samad, Nassim A.; Jiao, Zhijie; Was, Gary S.

2014-08-01

45

49 CFR 192.469 - External corrosion control: Test stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false External corrosion control: Test stations. 192.469 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.469 External corrosion control: Test stations. Each...

2013-10-01

46

49 CFR 192.471 - External corrosion control: Test leads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false External corrosion control: Test leads. 192.471 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.471 External corrosion control: Test leads. (a) Each...

2013-10-01

47

49 CFR 192.469 - External corrosion control: Test stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false External corrosion control: Test stations. 192.469 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.469 External corrosion control: Test stations. Each...

2010-10-01

48

49 CFR 192.471 - External corrosion control: Test leads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false External corrosion control: Test leads. 192.471 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.471 External corrosion control: Test leads. (a) Each...

2010-10-01

49

Effect of deposits on corrosion of materials exposed in the Coal-Fired Flow Facility  

SciTech Connect

Candidate heat exchanger materials tested in the Low Mass Flow train at the Coal-Fired Flow Facility (CFFF) at Tullahoma, TN. were analyzed to evaluate their corrosion performance. Tube specimens obtained at each foot of the 14-ft-long Unbend tubes were analyzed for corrosion-scale morphologies, scale thicknesses, and internal penetration depths. Results developed on 1500- and 2000- h exposed specimens were correlated with exposure temperature. In addition, deposit materials collected at several locations in the CFFF were analyzed in detail to characterize the chemical and physical properties of the deposits and their influence on corrosion performance of tube materials.

Natesan, K.

1993-05-01

50

Stress Corrosion Tests for Aluminum Alloys.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two techniques have been studied for the purpose of developing improved stress corrosion tests for 5083 and 7039 alloys. These are: (1) chemical and electrochemical pretreatments of specimens using a sodium chloride solution prior to alternate immersion (...

J. J. Gordon J. V. Rinnovatore

1971-01-01

51

Coal Ash Corrosion Resistant Materials Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In April 1999, three identical superheater test sections were installed into the Niles Unit No.1 for the purpose of testing and ranking the coal ash corrosion resistance of candidate superheater alloys. The Niles boiler burns high sulfur coal (3% to 3.5%) that has a moderate alkali content (0.2% sodium equivalents), thus the constituents necessary for coal ash corrosion are present

D. K. McDonald; P. L. Daniel; D. J. DeVault

2007-01-01

52

PFBC HGCU Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

This is the thirteenth Technical Progress Report submitted to the Department of Energy (DOE) in connection with the cooperative agreement between the DOE and Ohio Power Company for the Tidd PFBC Hot Gas Clean Up Test Facility. This report covers the period of work completed during the Fourth Quarter of CY 1992. The following are highlights of the activities that occurred during this report period: Initial operation of the Advanced Particle Filter (APF) occurred during this quarter. The following table summarizes the operating dates and times. HGCU ash lockhopper valve plugged with ash. Primary cyclone ash pluggage. Problems with the coal water paste. Unit restarted warm 13 hours later. HGCU expansion joint No. 7 leak in internal ply of bellows. Problems encountered during these initial tests included hot spots on the APP, backup cyclone and instrumentation spools, two breakdowns of the backpulse air compressor, pluggage of the APF hopper and ash removal system, failure (breakage) of 21 filter candles, leakage of the inner ply of one (1) expansion joint bellows, and numerous other smaller problems. These operating problems are discussed in detail in a subsequent section of this report. Following shutdown and equipment inspection in December, design modifications were initiated to correct the problems noted above. The system is scheduled to resume operation in March, 1993.

Not Available

1993-01-01

53

16 CFR 1209.5 - Test procedures for corrosiveness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...procedures for corrosiveness. This section prescribes the procedures for determining the corrosiveness of cellulose insulation. Cellulose insulation shall be tested for corrosiveness using the measured settled density, obtained by following...

2010-01-01

54

16 CFR 1209.5 - Test procedures for corrosiveness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...procedures for corrosiveness. This section prescribes the procedures for determining the corrosiveness of cellulose insulation. Cellulose insulation shall be tested for corrosiveness using the measured settled density, obtained by following...

2009-01-01

55

Stress corrosion testing of 5083 aluminum  

SciTech Connect

The stress corrosion susceptibility of thermomechanically processed 5083 aluminum-magnesium alloy was determined in a 3.5 Wt% sodium chloride environment. Alternate immersion C-ring and constant elongation rate tensile tests were performed. Comparison of the test results indicated that both techniques revealed the susceptibility of short transverse specimens to stress corrosion cracking. Potentiokinetic determinations of the characteristic pitting potential (Ep) and protection potential (Epp), were made. In deaerated 3.5 Wt% sodium chloride, Ep is -740 mV and Epp is -770 mV versus a standard calomel reference electrode. Standard tensile tests (air environment) were also conducted to generate base line strength data. The short transverse tensile specimens had a nominal 260 MPa (38 ksi) yield strength and 6.5% total elongation. Comparison of base line data with the stress corrosion data revealed that constant elongation rate test results are dependent upon a balance of normal ductile failure and the corrosion induced failure modes. Impressed potentials equal to or more noble than the pitting potential (Ep) generated the maxium degradation of mechanical properties while impressed potentials more negative than the protection potential (Epp) did not alter the mechanical properties of 5083 aluminum. Thus, the development of constant elongation rate tensile tests required an in-depth understanding of the corrosion mechanisms and the mechanical properties of 5083 aluminum. Alternate immersion C-ring tests generated specimen pass or fail information which indicated susceptibility of staticly loaded (80% of yield) specimens to stress corrosion induced failure. Tests results showed that only four of eight specimens tested contained stress corrosion failures.

Patterson, R.A.

1981-08-01

56

A3 Altitude Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation shows drawings, diagrams and photographs of the A3 Altitude Test Facility. It includes a review of the A3 Facility requirements, and drawings of the various sections of the facility including Engine Deck and Superstructure, Test Cell and Thrust Takeout, Structure and Altitude Support Systems, Chemical Steam generators, and the subscale diffuser. There are also pictures of the construction site, and the facility under construction. A Diagram of the A3 Steam system schematic is also shown

Dulreix, Lionel J.

2009-01-01

57

Summary of the WIPP materials interface interactions test: Metal corrosion  

SciTech Connect

Several series of in situ, high-level and transuranic waste form-leaching and waste form-engineered barrier materials interactions tests were conducted at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) facility, near Carlsbad, New Mexico, in the USA. This multi-national effort, the WIPP Materials Interface Interactions Tests (MIIT), involves the underground testing of about 2000 (nonradioactive) waste form, metal, and geologic samples in the bedded salt at the WIPP. This test program started on July 22, 1986 and has achieved its projected five-year lifetime. All in situ samples have been retrieved and sent to multiple laboratories for posttest analyses. Most of the analyses on metal samples have been completed and the results are summarized in this paper. The tested metal alloys proposed for waste canister or overpack use included titanium alloys (grade-2 and grade-12), Hastelloy C4, Inconel 625, austenitic stainless steels (304L, 316, and NS 24/AISI 309), carbon steels (Belgian C and ASTM A216/WCA), copper, and lead. After five-years of test exposure immersed in WIPP brine A and/or salt at about 90{degree}C, the corrosion-resistant materials (Ti; Inconel, Hastelloy) exhibited very little corrosion. The austenitic stainless steels suffered pitting, crevice corrosion, and some evidence of stress corrosion cracking. The carbon steels, copper, and lead exhibited both extensive general and localized attack. Details of the test, analyses, and results obtained will be discussed.

Sorensen, N.R.; Molecke, M.A.

1992-12-31

58

Summary of the WIPP materials interface interactions test: Metal corrosion  

SciTech Connect

Several series of in situ, high-level and transuranic waste form-leaching and waste form-engineered barrier materials interactions tests were conducted at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) facility, near Carlsbad, New Mexico, in the USA. This multi-national effort, the WIPP Materials Interface Interactions Tests (MIIT), involves the underground testing of about 2000 (nonradioactive) waste form, metal, and geologic samples in the bedded salt at the WIPP. This test program started on July 22, 1986 and has achieved its projected five-year lifetime. All in situ samples have been retrieved and sent to multiple laboratories for posttest analyses. Most of the analyses on metal samples have been completed and the results are summarized in this paper. The tested metal alloys proposed for waste canister or overpack use included titanium alloys (grade-2 and grade-12), Hastelloy C4, Inconel 625, austenitic stainless steels (304L, 316, and NS 24/AISI 309), carbon steels (Belgian C and ASTM A216/WCA), copper, and lead. After five-years of test exposure immersed in WIPP brine A and/or salt at about 90[degree]C, the corrosion-resistant materials (Ti; Inconel, Hastelloy) exhibited very little corrosion. The austenitic stainless steels suffered pitting, crevice corrosion, and some evidence of stress corrosion cracking. The carbon steels, copper, and lead exhibited both extensive general and localized attack. Details of the test, analyses, and results obtained will be discussed.

Sorensen, N.R.; Molecke, M.A.

1992-01-01

59

Corrosion quantification test for flanges with graphite-based gaskets  

SciTech Connect

The substitution of asbestos with nonasbestos fiber-reinforced materials in some industrial plants has caused corrosion problems in flanges and valves. A novel corrosion apparatus, the Corrosion Qualification Test, quantified corrosion and gives preliminary results of tests on flexible graphite-based gasket products.

Mameri, N.; Piron, D.L.; Bouzid, A.; Derenne, M.; Marchand, L.; Birembaut, Y.

2000-04-01

60

Microbiologically influenced corrosion of stainless steel in a nuclear waste facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corrosion in stainless steel cooling water piping in a nuclear waste processing facility occurred during an extended system lay-up. The failure characteristics indicated microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). The corrosion occurred at welds as pinhole penetrations in the surfaces, which opened into large subsurface void formations. Corrosive attack started in the heat-affected zones of the assembly welds, usually adjacent to fusion

C. F. Jenkins; D. L. Doman

1992-01-01

61

Ramjet Technology. Chapter 13. Facilities and Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Wind tunnels --external aerodynamics and inlet testing; The free-jet facility; Connected-pipe testing --combustors and nozzles; Facility components; Structural test facilities; Hypersonic testing; Flight testing.

H. F. Kirk

1968-01-01

62

Corrosion tests in Hawaiian geothermal fluids  

SciTech Connect

Exposure tests were conductd in binary geothermal brine on the island of Hawaii. The steam which flashes from the high pressure, high temperature water as it is brought to ambient pressure contains substantial amounts of H{sub 2}S. In the absence of oxygen this steam is only moderately aggressive but in the aerated state it is highly aggressive to carbon steels and copper alloys. The liquid after flasing is intermediately aggressive. The Hawaiian fluid is unique in chemistry and corrosion behavior; its corrosiveness is relatively mild for a geothermal fluid falling close to the Iceland-type resources. 24 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

Larsen-Basse, J.; Lam, Kam-Fai

1984-01-01

63

Test Laboratory Facilities and Capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Test Laboratory at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, located inside the boundaries of 40,000 acre Redstone Arsenal military reservation, has over 50 test facilities across 400+ acres, many inside an additional secure, fenced area. About 150 Government and 250 contractor personnel operate test facilities capable of all types of propulsion and structural testing, from small components to engine systems and structural strength/dynamic and environmental testing. We have tremendous engineering expertise in research, evaluation, analysis, design and development, and test of space transportation systems, subsystems, and components.

Hamilton, Jeff

2004-01-01

64

Dynamic Compaction Facility Test Report  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective for the Dynamic Compaction Facility (DCF) test was to determine if dynamic compaction of buried low-level waste trenches would cause damage or failure to the adjacent Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) closure system. A second objective was to quantify the success of dynamic compaction in consolidated buried B-25 boxes containing low-level waste.

McMullin, S.R.; Dendler, S.A.

2000-11-03

65

Corrosion tests in the Marchwood geothermal borehole  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Corrosion tests in the high salinity brine produced during a production test at the Marchwood borehole. These tests were intended to obtain preliminary information on the corrosion of a range of metals and alloys most likely to be used for downhole service, heat exchangers and associated equipment, if hot water from this aquifer is used to provide a long-term energy source. Specimens of appropriate candidate materials were exposed to flowing brine in the surface pipework and also downhole at a depth of 663 m. The brine was pumped to the surface by a multi-stage electric submersible pump. The downhole specimens, which were installed with the pump, were exposed for a period of 83 days. The surface specimens were exposed during the well production test for 33.3 days. The product brine was around three times sea water concentration, at a temperature of 72 C and pH 6.2.

Lawrence, P. F.

1982-03-01

66

Concrete Variables and Corrosion Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seven hundred and ten reinforced concrete blocks were partially submerged in a saturated sodium chloride solution. Based upon the test criterion that a sufficient quantity of concrete absorbed chloride causes the steel to change from a passive to an activ...

D. L. Spellman R. F. Stratful

1972-01-01

67

DWPF recycle stream corrosion tests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Coupon immersion tests were performed on ASTM A537 Class 1 carbon steel in simulated DWPF recycle solutions at 90 (+-) 2(degrees)C, as part of the continuing effort to investigate the formation of shock-sensitive deposits. Coupons were partially immersed ...

P. E. Zapp

1993-01-01

68

Active Waste Materials Corrosion and Decontamination Tests  

SciTech Connect

Stainless steel alloys, 304L and 316L, were corrosion tested in representative radioactive samples of three actual Hanford tank waste solutions (Tanks AW-101, C-104, AN-107). Both the 304L and 316L exhibited good corrosion performance when immersed in boiling waste solutions. The maximum general corrosion rate was 0.015 mm/y (0.60 mils per year). Generally, the 304L had a slightly higher rate than the 316L. No localized attack was observed after 122 days of testing in the liquid phase, liquid/vapor phase, or vapor phase. Radioactive plate-out decontamination tests indicated that a 24-hour exposure to 1 {und M} HNO{sub 3} could remove about 99% of the radioactive components in the metal film when exposed to the C-104 and AN-107 solutions. The decontamination results are less certain for the AW-101 solution, since the initial contamination readings exceeded the capacity of the meter used for this test.

MJ Danielson; MR Elmore; SG Pitman

2000-08-15

69

Kolsky Bar Impact Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

Testing for the Kolsky Bar is conducted at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico. The Kolsky bar is operated by the Dynamic testing team of NMT-11, (Nuclear Material Technology Division) to enable measurements of stress-strain characteristics for the MST-8 (Material Science and Technology) personnel. The Kolsky Bar is located at the Plutonium Facility at TA-55 (Tech Area).

Contreras, P.; Montoya, J.

1998-12-31

70

EMC test facilities at UME  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we present electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) facilities at National Metrology Institute (UME) in Turkey. At UME for EMC test and measurements, 10 meter open area test site (OATS), 10 meter anechoic chamber and four screened rooms were constructed. OATS with a normalized site attenuation (NSA) value less than ±1 dB is used for antenna calibration and radiated emission

R. Hamid; M. Cetintas; H. Karacadag

2003-01-01

71

LABORATORY TESTING TO SIMULATE VAPOR SPACE CORROSION IN RADIOACTIVE WASTE STORAGE TANKS  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive liquid waste has been stored in underground carbon steel tanks for nearly 70 years at the Hanford nuclear facility. Vapor space corrosion of the tank walls has emerged as an ongoing challenge to overcome in maintaining the structural integrity of these tanks. The interaction between corrosive and inhibitor species in condensates/supernates on the tank wall above the liquid level, and their interaction with vapor phase constituents as the liquid evaporates from the tank wall influences the formation of corrosion products and the corrosion of the carbon steel. An effort is underway to gain an understanding of the mechanism of vapor space corrosion. Localized corrosion, in the form of pitting, is of particular interest in the vapor space. CPP testing was utilized to determine the susceptibility of the steel in a simulated vapor space environment. The tests also investigated the impact of ammonia gas in the vapor space area on the corrosion of the steel. Vapor space coupon tests were also performed to investigate the evolution of the corrosion products during longer term exposures. These tests were also conducted at vapor space ammonia levels of 50 and 550 ppm NH{sub 3} (0.005, and 0.055 vol.%) in air. Ammonia was shown to mitigate vapor space corrosion.

Wiersma, B.; Garcia-Diaz, B.; Gray, J.

2013-08-30

72

Test Facilities Capability Handbook. Revised  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The John C. Stennis Space Center (SSC) is located in Southern Mississippi near the Mississippi-Louisiana state line. SSC is chartered as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Center of Excellence for large space transportation propulsion system testing. This charter has led to many unique test facilities, capabilities and advanced technologies provided through the supporting infrastructure. SSC has conducted projects in support of such diverse activities as liquid, and hybrid rocket testing and development; material development; non-intrusive plume diagnostics; plume tracking; commercial remote sensing; test technology and more. On May 30, 1996 NASA designated SSC the lead Center for rocket propulsion testing, giving the Center total responsibility for conducting and/or managing all NASA rocket engine testing. Test services are now available not only for NASA but also for the DoD, other government agencies, academia, and industry. This handbook was developed to provide a summary of the capabilities that exist within SSC. It is intended as a primary resource document, which will provide the reader with the top-level capabilities and characteristics of the numerous test facilities, test support facilities, laboratories, and services. Due to the nature of continually evolving programs and test technologies, descriptions of the Center's current capabilities are provided. Periodic updates and revisions of this document will be made to maintain is completeness and accuracy.

Taliancich, Paula (Editor); Bruce, Robert (Editor)

2001-01-01

73

Corrosion test cell for bipolar plates  

DOEpatents

A corrosion test cell for evaluating corrosion resistance in fuel cell bipolar plates is described. The cell has a transparent or translucent cell body having a pair of identical cell body members that seal against opposite sides of a bipolar plate. The cell includes an anode chamber and an cathode chamber, each on opposite sides of the plate. Each chamber contains a pair of mesh platinum current collectors and a catalyst layer pressed between current collectors and the plate. Each chamber is filled with an electrolyte solution that is replenished with fluid from a much larger electrolyte reservoir. The cell includes gas inlets to each chamber for hydrogen gas and air. As the gases flow into a chamber, they pass along the platinum mesh, through the catalyst layer, and to the bipolar plate. The gas exits the chamber through passageways that provide fluid communication between the anode and cathode chambers and the reservoir, and exits the test cell through an exit port in the reservoir. The flow of gas into the cell produces a constant flow of fresh electrolyte into each chamber. Openings in each cell body is member allow electrodes to enter the cell body and contact the electrolyte in the reservoir therein. During operation, while hydrogen gas is passed into one chamber and air into the other chamber, the cell resistance is measured, which is used to evaluate the corrosion properties of the bipolar plate.

Weisbrod, Kirk R. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01

74

Oak Ridge rf Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

The rf Test Facility (RFTF) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides a national facility for the testing and evaluation of steady-state, high-power (approx.1.0-MW) ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) systems and components. The facility consists of a vacuum vessel and two fully tested superconducting development magnets from the ELMO Bumpy Torus Proof-of-Principle (EBT-P) program. These are arranged as a simple mirror with a mirror ratio of 4.8. The axial centerline distance between magnet throat centers is 112 cm. The vacuum vessel cavity has a large port (74 by 163 cm) and a test volume adequate for testing prototypic launchers for Doublet III-D (DIII-D), Tore Supra, and the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR). Attached to the internal vessel walls are water-cooled panels for removing the injected rf power. The magnets are capable of generating a steady-state field of approx.3 T on axis in the magnet throats. Steady-state plasmas are generated in the facility by cyclotron resonance breakdown using a dedicated 200-kW, 28-GHz gyrotron. Available rf sources cover a frequency range of 2 to 200 MHz at 1.5 kW and 3 to 18 MHz at 200 kW, with several sources at intermediate parameters. Available in July 1986 will be a >1.0-MW, cw source spanning 40 to 80 MHz. 5 figs.

Gardner, W.L.; Hoffman, D.J.; McCurdy, H.C.; McManamy, T.J.; Moeller, J.A.; Ryan, P.M.

1985-01-01

75

Corrosion study for a radioactive waste vitrification facility  

SciTech Connect

A corrosion monitoring program was setup in a scale demonstration melter system to evaluate the performance of materials selected for use in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) at the DOE`s Savannah River Site. The system is a 1/10 scale prototypic version of the DWPF. In DWPF, high activity radioactive waste will be vitrified and encapsulated for long term storage. During this study twenty-six different alloys, including DWPF reference materials of construction and alternate higher alloy materials, were subjected to process conditions and environments characteristic of the DWPF except for radioactivity. The materials were exposed to low pH, elevated temperature (to 1200{degree}C) environments containing abrasive slurries, molten glass, mercury, halides and sulfides. General corrosion rates, pitting susceptibility and stress corrosion cracking of the materials were investigated. Extensive data were obtained for many of the reference materials. Performance in the Feed Preparation System was very good, whereas coupons from the Quencher Inlet region of the Melter Off-Gas System experienced localized attack.

Imrich, K.J.; Jenkins, C.F.

1993-10-01

76

New methods for corrosion testing of aluminum alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

This symposium presents papers on a modification of the EXCO test method for exfoliation corrosion susceptibility in 7XXX, 2XXX, and aluminum-lithium alloys; materials evaluation using wet-dry mixed salt-spray tests; a comparison of potentiodynamic polarization tests with wet-dry mixed salt-spray testing of Al-Mg-Si alloy; an accelerated test for determining microbiological-influenced corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys; and corrosion of aluminum in Al

V. S. Agarwala; G. M. Ugiansky

1992-01-01

77

Electrochemical Corrosion Testing of Neutron Absorber Materials  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of crevice-corrosion tests for six alloys in solutions representative of ionic compositions inside the Yucca Mountain waste package should a breech occur. The alloys in these tests are Neutronit A978a (ingot metallurgy, hot rolled), Neutrosorb Plus 304B4 Grade Ab (powder metallurgy, hot rolled), Neutrosorb Plus 304B5 Grade Ab (powder metallurgy, hot rolled), Neutrosorb Plus 304B6 Grade Ab (powder metallurgy, hot rolled), Ni-Cr-Mo-Gd alloy2 (ingot metallurgy, hot rolled), and Alloy 22 (ingot metallurgy, hot rolled).

Tedd Lister; Ron Mizia; Arnold Erickson; Tammy Trowbridge

2007-05-01

78

Oak Ridge rf test facility  

SciTech Connect

The ORNL RF Test Facility is to provide a national facility for the testing and evaluation of steady state, high-power (approx.1.0-MW) Ion Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ICRH) systems and components. The facility configuration consists of a vacuum vessel and two fully tested superconducting development magnets from the EBT-P program, arranged as a simple mirror of mirror ratio 4.8. The axial centerline distance between magnet throat centers is 112 cm. The vacuum vessel cavity has a large port (74 by 163 cm) and a test volume adequate for testing prototypic launchers for DIII-D and TFTR. The magnets are capable of generating a steady state field of approx.3 T on axis in the magnet throats. Steady state plasmas are generated in the facility by cyclotron resonance breakdown using a dedicated 200-kW, 28-GHz gyrotron. Rf sources are available covering a frequency range of 2 to 200 MHz at 1.5 kW and 3 to 18 MHz at 200 kW with several sources at intermediate parameters. Available in July 1986 will be a >1.0-MW, cw source spanning 40 to 80 MHz. The report consists of nine viewgraphs.

Gardner, W.L.; Hoffman, D.J.; McCurdy, H.C.; McManamy, T.J.; Moeller, J.A.; Ryan, P.M.

1985-01-01

79

Timescale Correlation between Marine Atmospheric Exposure and Accelerated Corrosion Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Evaluation of metal-based structures has long relied on atmospheric exposure test sites to determine corrosion resistance in marine environments. Traditional accelerated corrosion testing relies on mimicking the exposure conditions, often incorporating salt spray and ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and exposing the metal to continuous or cyclic conditions of the corrosive environment. Their success for correlation to atmospheric exposure is often a concern when determining the timescale to which the accelerated tests can be related. Accelerated laboratory testing, which often focuses on the electrochemical reactions that occur during corrosion conditions, has yet to be universally accepted as a useful tool in predicting the long term service life of a metal despite its ability to rapidly induce corrosion. Although visual and mass loss methods of evaluating corrosion are the standard and their use is imperative, a method that correlates timescales from atmospheric exposure to accelerated testing would be very valuable. This work uses surface chemistry to interpret the chemical changes occurring on low carbon steel during atmospheric and accelerated corrosion conditions with the objective of finding a correlation between its accelerated and long-term corrosion performance. The current results of correlating data from marine atmospheric exposure conditions at the Kennedy Space Center beachside corrosion test site, alternating seawater spray, and immersion in typical electrochemical laboratory conditions, will be presented. Key words: atmospheric exposure, accelerated corrosion testing, alternating seawater spray, marine, correlation, seawater, carbon steel, long-term corrosion performance prediction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

Montgomery, Eliza L.; Calle, Luz Marina; Curran, Jerone C.; Kolody, Mark R.

2011-01-01

80

Mississippi Test Facility research projects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research capabilities of Louisiana State University are reported for sustaining a program which complements the Mississippi Test Facility. Projects reported during this period are discussed and include the development of a spectral analyzer, and investigations of plant physiology. Papers published during this period are also listed.

Whitehurst, C. A.

1974-01-01

81

Long Term Corrosion/Degradation Test Six Year Results  

SciTech Connect

The Subsurface Disposal Area (SDA) of the Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) located at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) contains neutron-activated metals from non-fuel, nuclear reactor core components. The Long-Term Corrosion/Degradation (LTCD) Test is designed to obtain site-specific corrosion rates to support efforts to more accurately estimate the transfer of activated elements to the environment. The test is using two proven, industry-standard methods—direct corrosion testing using metal coupons, and monitored corrosion testing using electrical/resistance probes—to determine corrosion rates for various metal alloys generally representing the metals of interest buried at the SDA, including Type 304L stainless steel, Type 316L stainless steel, Inconel 718, Beryllium S200F, Aluminum 6061, Zircaloy-4, low-carbon steel, and Ferralium 255. In the direct testing, metal coupons are retrieved for corrosion evaluation after having been buried in SDA backfill soil and exposed to natural SDA environmental conditions for times ranging from one year to as many as 32 years, depending on research needs and funding availability. In the monitored testing, electrical/resistance probes buried in SDA backfill soil will provide corrosion data for the duration of the test or until the probes fail. This report provides an update describing the current status of the test and documents results to date. Data from the one-year and three-year results are also included, for comparison and evaluation of trends. In the six-year results, most metals being tested showed extremely low measurable rates of general corrosion. For Type 304L stainless steel, Type 316L stainless steel, Inconel 718, and Ferralium 255, corrosion rates fell in the range of “no reportable” to 0.0002 mils per year (MPY). Corrosion rates for Zircaloy-4 ranged from no measurable corrosion to 0.0001 MPY. These rates are two orders of magnitude lower than those specified in the performance assessment for the SDA. The corrosion on the carbon steel, beryllium, and aluminum were more evident with a clear difference in corrosion performance between the 4-ft and 10-ft levels. Notable surface corrosion products were evident as well as numerous pit initiation sites. Since the corrosion of the beryllium and aluminum is characterized by pitting, the geometrical character of the corrosion becomes more significant than the general corrosion rate. Both pitting factor and weight loss data should be used together. For six-year exposure, the maximum carbon steel corrosion rate was 0.3643 MPY while the maximum beryllium corrosion rate was 0.3282 MPY and the maximum aluminum corrosion rate was 0.0030 MPY.

M. K. Adler Flitton; C. W. Bishop; M. E. Delwiche; T. S. Yoder

2004-09-01

82

Corrosion tests of DWPF recycle solution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Coupon immersion tests were performed on ASTM A537, Class 1 carbon steel in simulated Defense Waste Processing Facility recycle solutions at 93 (plus minus) 2(degree)C, in an effort to reproduce the results of earlier tests in which hard, shock-sensitive ...

P. E. Zapp

1992-01-01

83

Design on highway accelerated loading testing facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accelerated loading testing facility gains importance for proofing evaluations of structure designs as well as the final evaluation of new pavement materials and functions. So a highway accelerated loading testing facility is developed, which has self-owned intellectual property. The facility is made up of machine frame, a mobile car and a frame for dragging cable. The facility can test and

Zhiguang Guan; Mingxing Lin; Xuguang Wang; Jiwei Zhang

2009-01-01

84

NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF CORROSION UNDER COATINGS  

EPA Science Inventory

Surface corrosion on aluminum aircraft skins, nears joints and around fasteners is often an indicator of buried structural corrosion and cracking. Aircraft paints are routinely removed to reveal the presence of corrosion on the surface of metal structures, and the aircraft is su...

85

Explosive components facility certification tests  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has recently completed construction of a new Explosive Components Facility (ECF) that will be used for the research and development of advanced explosives technology. The ECF includes nine indoor firing pads for detonating explosives and monitoring the detonations. Department of Energy requirements for certification of this facility include detonation of explosive levels up to 125 percent of the rated firing pad capacity with no visual structural degradation resulting from the explosion. The Explosives Projects and Diagnostics Department at Sandia decided to expand this certification process to include vibration and acoustic monitoring at various locations throughout the building during these explosive events. This information could then be used to help determine the best locations for noise and vibration sensitive equipment (e.g. scanning electron microscopes) used for analysis throughout the building. This facility has many unique isolation features built into the explosive chamber and laboratory areas of the building that allow normal operation of other building activities during explosive tests. This paper discusses the design of this facility and the various types of explosive testing performed by the Explosives Projects and Diagnostics Department at Sandia. However, the primary focus of the paper is directed at the vibration and acoustic data acquired during the certification process. This includes the vibration test setup and data acquisition parameters, as well as analysis methods used for generating peak acceleration levels and spectral information. Concerns over instrumentation issues such as the choice of transducers (appropriate ranges, resonant frequencies, etc.) and measurements with long cable lengths (500 feet) are also discussed.

Dorrell, L.; Johnson, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-08-01

86

Synthetic seawater as stress-corrosion test medium  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Seawater minimizes pitting corrosion of aluminum-alloy test samples. Of three corrosion-inhibiting methods evaluated using (a) chromate inhibitors in saltwater, (b) surface treating sample via anodizing or alodine treatment, and (c) synthetic seawater, synthetic seawater was most effective test medium, since it is more uniform than fresh seawater.

Humphries, T. S.; Nelson, E. E.

1980-01-01

87

An improved stress corrosion test medium for aluminum alloys  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A laboratory test method that is only mildly corrosive to aluminum and discriminating for use in classifying the stress corrosion cracking resistance of aluminum alloys is presented along with the method used in evaluating the media selected for testing. The proposed medium is easier to prepare and less expensive than substitute ocean water.

Humphries, T. S.; Coston, J. E.

1981-01-01

88

3. VIEW LOOKING NORTH, COMPONENTS TEST LABORATORY, DYNAMIC TEST FACILITY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VIEW LOOKING NORTH, COMPONENTS TEST LABORATORY, DYNAMIC TEST FACILITY (SATURN V IN BACKGROUND). - Marshall Space Flight Center, East Test Area, Components Test Laboratory, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

89

Fabrication of Test Tubes for Coal Ash Corrosion Testing  

SciTech Connect

This paper deals with the fabrication of tube sections of four alloys for incorporating into test sections to be assembled by Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) for installation at Ohio Edison Power, Niles Plant. The primary purpose of the installation was to determine the corrosion behavior of ten different alloys for flue gas corrosion. Ohio Edison Power, Niles Plant is burning an Ohio coal containing approximately 3.4% S (dry basis) and approximately 0.4% alkali which causes chronic coal ash corrosion of the unit?s superheater tubing. The 2.5-in.-OD x 0.4in.-wall x 6-in-long sections of four alloys {type 304H coated with Fe3Al alloy FAS [developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)], 310 + Ta, modified 800H, and Thermie alloy} were fabricated at ORNL. Each alloy tubing was characterized in terms of chemical analysis and microstructure. The machined tubes of each of the alloys were inspected and shipped on time for incorporation into the test loop fabricated at B&W. Among the alloys fabricated, Thermie was the hardest to extrude and machine.

Johnson, R.; Judkins, R.R.; Sikka, V.K.; Swindeman, R.W.; Wright, I.G.

1999-05-11

90

Selectable-Tip Corrosion-Testing Electrochemical Cell  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The figure depicts aspects of an electrochemical cell for pitting- corrosion tests of material specimens. The cell is designed to generate a region of corrosion having a pit diameter determined by the diameter of a selectable tip. The average depth of corrosion is controlled by controlling the total electric charge passing through the cell in a test. The cell is also designed to produce minimal artifacts associated with crevice corrosion. There are three selectable tips, having diameters of 0.1 in. (0.254 cm), 0.3 in. (0.762 cm), and 0.6 in. (1.524 cm), respectively.

Lomness, Janice; Hintze, Paul

2008-01-01

91

Corrosion testing of urea-formaldehyde foam insulating material  

SciTech Connect

Two tests of the corrosiveness of urea-formaldehyde (UF) foam insulating materials were compared. One test, the Timm test, had test coupons foamed in place. In the second, the Canadian test, blocks of foam already set were placed in contact with test coupons. The Timm test uses 10 gage thick coupons, while the Canadian test specifies 3 mil thick ones. Two samples of UF foam were tested by the Timm and the Canadian tests. The electrical-resistance probes showed that the corrosion rate against steel was initially quite high, of the order of 12 to 20 mpy (mils per year). After about 20 days, the rate was almost zero. In the Timm test, the corrosion rates of steel coupons were of the order to 0.5 to 2 mpy when averaged over the 28 or 56 day test period. The greater corrosion rate of the thick coupons in the Canadian test as well as poor reproducibility of the corrosion rates was attributed primarily to variations in the contact areas between the sample and the UF foam. The corrosion rates of galvanized steel coupons in the Canadian test in several cases exceeded the failure value. In the Timm test, the corrosion rates averaged over the whole test period were quite low. The corrosion rates of copper and aluminum in both tests were quite low. On the basis of the results of this study the following recommendations for a corrosion-test procedure for UF foam were made: two corrosion tests should be conducted, one for foam while curing and one after it has stabilized; the Timm test for corrosiveness while curing should be used, but for only 1 to 2 days; the test for corrosiveness after stabilizing should be of the accelerated type such as the Canadian one. To insure a constant-contact area, thicker coupons should be used; and the coupons for both tests should have a controlled part of the area not in contact with the foam to simulate field conditions.

Weil, R.; Graviano, A.; Sheppard, K.

1980-09-01

92

In vitro corrosion testing of modular hip tapers.  

PubMed

The in vivo fretting behavior of modular hip prostheses was simulated to determine the effects of material combination and a unique TiN/AlN coating on fretting and corrosion at the taper interface. Fretting current, open-circuit potential (OCP), and quantities of soluble debris were measured to determine the role of mechanically assisted crevice corrosion on fretting and corrosion of modular hip tapers. Test groups consisting of similar-alloy (Co-Cr-Mo head/Co-Cr-Mo neck), mixed-alloy (Co-Cr-Mo head/Ti-6Al-4V neck), and TiN/AlN-coated mixed-alloy modular hip taper couples were used. Loads required to initiate fretting were similar for all test groups and were well below loads produced by walking and other physical activities. Decreases in OCP and increases in fretting current observed during long-term cyclic loading were indicative of fretting and corrosion. Current measured after cessation of cyclic loading suggests that once the conditions for crevice corrosion are established, corrosion can continue in the absence of loading. The chemical, mechanical, and electrochemical measurements, along with microscopic inspections of the taper surfaces indicate that the fretting and corrosion behavior of similar- and mixed-alloy taper couples are similar and that the coated samples are more resistant to fretting and corrosion. The results of this study clearly indicate the role of mechanical loading in the corrosion process, and support the hypothesis of mechanically assisted crevice corrosion. PMID:12516082

Goldberg, Jay R; Gilbert, Jeremy L

2003-02-15

93

Engineered Barrier Test Facility Status Report, 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a general summary of activities completed to date at the Hanford Engineered Barrier Test Facility. This facility is used to test and compare construction practices and performance of alternative designs of engineered barrier cover sys...

S. J. Phillips M. R. Adams T. W. Gilbert C. C. Meinhardt R. M. Mitchell

1985-01-01

94

Propulsion test facilities - Capabilities and use  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A review is conducted of the additional test facilities required in connection with the National Aeronautical Facilities Program and of other new propulsion test facilities. Attention is given to the National Transonic Facility, the AMES wind tunnel, the Turbine Engine Load Simulator, facilities for the conduction of compressor research, a fuels and lubricants laboratory, and test facilities in the UK, France, and Germany. It is pointed out that there is a need for government and industry to support the facility investment necessary to make progress in aerospace technology. Aspects of international cooperation are also discussed.

Kamchi, J. S.; Compitello, F. E.

1978-01-01

95

Corrosion Embrittlement of Duralumin II Accelerated Corrosion Tests and the Behavior of High-Strength Aluminum Alloys of Different Compositions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The permanence, with respect to corrosion, of light aluminum alloy sheets of the duralumin type, that is, heat-treatable alloys containing Cu, Mg, Mn, and Si is discussed. Alloys of this type are subject to surface corrosion and corrosion of the interior by intercrystalline paths. Results are given of accelerated corrosion tests, tensile tests, the effect on corrosion of various alloying elements and heat treatments, electrical resistance measurements, and X-ray examinations.

Rawdon, Henry S

1928-01-01

96

NASA White Sands Test Facility Remote Hypervelocity Test Laboratory  

NASA Video Gallery

Tour the NASA White Sands Test Facility's Remote Hypervelocity Test Laboratory in Las Cruces, New Mexico. To learn more about White Sands Test Facility, go to http://www.nasa.gov/centers/wstf/home/...

97

Double shell slurry low-temperature corrosion tests  

SciTech Connect

A series of year-long tests have been completed on potential double shell slurry (DSS) compositions at temperatures up to 100/sup 0/C. These tests have sought data on uniform corrosion, pitting, and stress-corrosion cracking. No indication of the latter two types of corrosion were observed within the test matrix. Corrosion rates after four months were generally below the 1 mpy (25 ..mu..m/y) design limit. By the end of twelve months all results were below this limit and, except for very concentrated mixtures, all were below 0.5 mpy. Prediction equations were generated from a model fitted to the data. The equations provide a rapid means of estimating the corrosion rate for proposed DSS compositions.

Divine, J.R.; Bowen, W.M.; McPartland, S.A.; Elmore, R.P.; Engel, D.W.

1983-09-01

98

The New LOTIS Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Large Optical Test and Integration Site (LOTIS) at the Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company in Sunnyvale, CA is designed for the verification and testing of optical systems. The facility consists of an 88 foot temperature stabilized vacuum chamber that also functions as a class 10k vertical flow cleanroom. Many problems were encountered in the design and construction phases. The industry capability to build large chambers is very weak. Through many delays and extra engineering efforts, the final product is very good. With 11 Thermal Conditioning Units and precision RTD s, temperature is uniform and stable within 1oF, providing an ideal environment for precision optical testing. Within this chamber and atop an advanced micro-g vibration-isolation bench is the 6.5 meter diameter LOTIS Collimator and Scene Generator, LOTIS alignment and support equipment. The optical payloads are also placed on the vibration bench in the chamber for testing. This optical system is designed to operate in both air and vacuum, providing test imagery in an adaptable suite of visible/near infrared (VNIR) and midwave infrared (MWIR) point sources, and combined bandwidth visible-through-MWIR point sources, for testing of large aperture optical payloads. The heart of the system is the LOTIS Collimator, a 6.5m f/15 telescope, which projects scenes with wavefront errors <85 nm rms out to a 0.75 mrad field of view (FOV). Using field lenses, performance can be extended to a maximum field of view of 3.2 mrad. The LOTIS Collimator incorporates an extensive integrated wavefront sensing and control system to verify the performance of the system.

Bell, R. M.; Cuzner, G.; Eugeni, C.; Hutchison, S. B.; Merrick, A. J.; Robins, G. C.; Bailey, S. H.; Ceurden, B.; Hagen, J.; Kenagy, K.; Martin, H. M.; Tuell, M.; Ward, M.; West, S. C.

2008-01-01

99

NASA's Beachside Corrosion Test Site and Current Environmentally Friendly Corrosion Control Initiatives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA began corrosion studies at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in 1966 during the Gemini/Apollo Programs with the evaluation of long-term corrosion protective coatings for carbon steel. KSC's Beachside Corrosion Test Site (BCTS), which has been documented by the American Society of Materials (ASM) as one of the most corrosive, naturally occurring, environments in the world, was established at that time. With the introduction of the Space Shuttle in 1981, the already highly corrosive conditions at the launch pad were rendered even more severe by the acid ic exhaust from the solid rocket boosters. In the years that followed, numerous studies have identified materials, coatings, and maintenance procedures for launch hardware and equipment exposed to the highly corrosive environment at the launch pad. This paper presents a historical overview of over 45 years of corrosion and coating evaluation studies and a description of the BCTS's current capabilities. Additionally, current research and testing programs involving chromium free coatings, environmentally friendly corrosion preventative compounds, and alternates to nitric acid passivation will be discussed.

Russell, Richard W.; Calle, Luz Marina; Johnston, Frederick; Montgomery, Eliza L.; Curran, Jerome P.; Kolody, Mark R.

2013-01-01

100

Engineering test facility design definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Engineering Test Facility (ETF) is the major focus of the Department of Energy (DOE) Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) Program to facilitate commercialization and to demonstrate the commercial operability of MHD/steam electric power. The ETF will be a fully integrated commercial prototype MHD power plant with a nominal output of 200 MW sub e. Performance of this plant is expected to meet or surpass existing utility standards for fuel, maintenance, and operating costs; plant availability; load following; safety; and durability. It is expected to meet all applicable environmental regulations. The current design concept conforming to the general definition, the basis for its selection, and the process which will be followed in further defining and updating the conceptual design.

Bercaw, R. W.; Seikel, G. R.

1980-01-01

101

Solar Thermal Propulsion Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Researchers at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) have designed, fabricated, and tested the first solar thermal engine, a non-chemical rocket engine that produces lower thrust but has better thrust efficiency than a chemical combustion engine. MSFC turned to solar thermal propulsion in the early 1990s due to its simplicity, safety, low cost, and commonality with other propulsion systems. Solar thermal propulsion works by acquiring and redirecting solar energy to heat a propellant. This photograph shows a fully assembled solar thermal engine placed inside the vacuum chamber at the test facility prior to testing. The 20- by 24-ft heliostat mirror (not shown in this photograph) has a dual-axis control that keeps a reflection of the sunlight on the 18-ft diameter concentrator mirror, which then focuses the sunlight to a 4-in focal point inside the vacuum chamber. The focal point has 10 kilowatts of intense solar power. As part of MSFC's Space Transportation Directorate, the Propulsion Research Center serves as a national resource for research of advanced, revolutionary propulsion technologies. The mission is to move theNation's capabilities beyond the confines of conventional chemical propulsion into an era of aircraft-like access to Earth orbit, rapid travel throughout the solar system, and exploration of interstellar space.

1999-01-01

102

Oceanographic test facility at Duck Pier, NC  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Data Buoy Center (NDBC), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE) Waterways Experiment Station (WES) and National Ocean Service (NOS) have established an environmental test facility for ocean and atmospheric sensors at the WES Field Research Facility (FRF) in Duck, NC. This facility provides a natural environmental laboratory for testing and evaluating sensors used for long-term, remote monitoring on

C. E. Woody; R. Dagnall; E. Michelena; D. McGehee; G. Bichner; T. Mero

1997-01-01

103

Drop Test at Lunar Landing Research Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Langley drop test facility where aircraft crashes can be simulated. The grid screen at the left of the facility is used as a backdrop for the impacts to allow engineers to measure angles and impact speeds. This facility was originally built to test a lunar lander simulator.

1974-01-01

104

Erosion/corrosion concerns in feed preparation systems at the Defense Waste Processing Facility  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site (SRS) has been operating a nuclear fuel cycle since the 1950`s to produce nuclear materials in support of the national defense effort. The Department of Energy authorized the construction of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) to immobilize the high level radioactive waste resulting from these processes as a durable borosilicate glass. The DWPF, after having undergone extensive testing, has been approved for operations and is currently immobilizing radioactive waste. To ensure reliability of the DWPF remote canyon processing equipment, a materials evaluation program was performed prior to radioactive operations to determine to what extent erosion/corrosion would impact design life of equipment. The program consisted of performing pre-service baseline inspections on critical equipment and follow-up inspections after completion of DWPF cold chemical demonstration runs. Non-destructive examination (NDE) techniques were used to assess erosion/corrosion as well as evaluation of corrosion coupon racks. These results were used to arrive at predicted equipment life for selected feed preparation equipment. It was concluded with the exception of the coil and agitator for the slurry mix evaporator (SME), which are exposed to erosive glass frit particles, all of the equipment should meet its design life.

Gee, J.T.; Chandler, C.T.; Daugherty, W.L.; Imrich, K.J.; Jenkins, C.F.

1997-12-31

105

Solar Thermal Propulsion Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Researchers at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) have designed, fabricated and tested the first solar thermal engine, a non-chemical rocket engine that produces lower thrust but has better thrust efficiency than a chemical combustion engine. MSFC turned to solar thermal propulsion in the early 1990s due to its simplicity, safety, low cost, and commonality with other propulsion systems. Solar thermal propulsion works by acquiring and redirecting solar energy to heat a propellant. This photograph, taken at MSFC's Solar Thermal Propulsion Test Facility, shows a concentrator mirror, a combination of 144 mirrors forming this 18-ft diameter concentrator, and a vacuum chamber that houses the focal point. The 20- by 24-ft heliostat mirror (not shown in this photograph) has a dual-axis control that keeps a reflection of the sunlight on the 18-foot diameter concentrator mirror, which then focuses the sunlight to a 4-in focal point inside the vacuum chamber. The focal point has 10 kilowatts of intense solar power. As part of MSFC's Space Transportation Directorate, the Propulsion Research Center serves as a national resource for research of advanced, revolutionary propulsion technologies. The mission is to move the Nation's capabilities beyond the confines of conventional chemical propulsion into an era of aircraft-like access to Earth-orbit, rapid travel throughout the solar system, and exploration of interstellar space.

1999-01-01

106

Tritium Systems Test Facility. Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Sandia Laboratories proposes to build and operate a Tritium Systems Test Facility (TSTF) in its newly completed Tritium Research Laboratory at Livermore, California (see frontispiece). The facility will demonstrate at a scale factor of 1:200 the tritium f...

G. W. Anderson K. W. Battleson W. Bauer

1976-01-01

107

Surveillance systems test and evaluation facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In January of 1983, a team was formed to explore test methodologies and test facility concepts required to meet the needs of space-based surveillance systems. The output of this study was a road map of test methodologies and test facilities that will aid the development of this country's critical space-based sensor assets. A condensation of those results is given.

Matty, Jere J.; Dawbarn, Ronald

1986-01-01

108

Pilot-plant testing of materials proposed for use as NWCF feed and fuel nozzle caps. [New Waste Calcining Facility  

SciTech Connect

Results of a series of tests performed on materials proposed for use at New Waste Calcining Facility (NWCF) fuel and feed nozzle caps are described. Results show that Haynes Alloys 25 and 188 and Inconel Alloys 617, 625, and 690 have acceptable corrosion and erosion rates based upon the high-temperature oxidation, erosion, and corrosion tests conducted.

Birrer, S.A.

1980-12-01

109

Energy Systems Test Area (ESTA). Power Systems Test Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This viewgraph presentation provides a detailed description of the Johnson Space Center's Power Systems Facility located in the Energy Systems Test Area (ESTA). Facilities and the resources used to support power and battery systems testing are also shown....

C. H. Situ

2010-01-01

110

Infrared sensor test methodology and facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As the Air Force Systems Command designated Center of Expertise for Space Simulation Testing, AEDC has defined a test methodology for the ground testing of infrared sensor systems. This test methodology and the test facilities envisioned to implement it has been addressed in another report. The progress on the implementation of that test methodology is reported and the status of the test facilities presently existing or under construction to implement it is described.

Matty, Jere J.; Dawbarn, Ronald

1990-01-01

111

Corrosion Performance of Epoxy: Coated Reinforcement; Beam Tests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The performance of coated reinforcement under conditions that simulate a highly corrosive environment and under loading conditions producing concrete cracking was evaluated in a beam exposure test. Duplicate concrete beams were reinforced with unlinked co...

E. Vaca-Cortes H. G. Wheat J. O. Jirsa K. Z. Kahhaleh R. L. Carrasquillo

1998-01-01

112

Type 1 Hot Corrosion Furnace Testing and Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Furnace testing of superalloys and coating systems was conducted to determine if type 1 hot corrosion seen in operating gas turbine engines and burner rigs could be more simply reproduced. Furnace parameters were varied to determine optimum (most aggressi...

T. L. McGowen

1982-01-01

113

40 CFR 792.31 - Testing facility management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Testing facility management. 792.31 Section...ACT (CONTINUED) GOOD LABORATORY PRACTICE STANDARDS Organization...31 Testing facility management. For each study, testing facility management shall: (a)...

2013-07-01

114

40 CFR 160.31 - Testing facility management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Testing facility management. 160.31 Section...PESTICIDE PROGRAMS GOOD LABORATORY PRACTICE STANDARDS Organization...31 Testing facility management. For each study, testing facility management shall: (a)...

2013-07-01

115

Defense Waste Processing Facility Canister Impact Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes impact testing of seven Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) high level waste canisters during FY 1988. Impact testing was conducted to demonstrate compliance of DWPF canisters with the drop test specification of the Waste Accep...

K. M. Olson J. M. Alzheimer

1989-01-01

116

[Stress-corrosion test of TIG welded CP-Ti].  

PubMed

In this study TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) welded CP-Ti were subjected to stress-corrosion test under 261 MPa in artificial saliva of 37 degrees C for 3 months. No significant difference was noted on mechanical test (P > 0.05). No color-changed and no micro-crack on the sample's surface yet. These results indicate that TIG welded CP-Ti offers excellent resistance to stress corrosion. PMID:11211846

Li, H; Wang, Y; Zhou, Z; Meng, X; Liang, Q; Zhang, X; Zhao, Y

2000-12-01

117

A Milder Solution for Stress-Corrosion Tests  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In search for mild corrosive, 14 different salt solutions screened in alternate-immersion tests on 3 aluminum alloys. Best results were obtained with NaCl/MgCl2 solution and with synthetic seawater (contains nearly same proportions of NaCl and MgCl2 along with precise, minute amounts of eight other salts). Because solution is less expensive than artificial seawater, it is probably preferred for future stress-corrosion-cracking (SCC) testing.

Humphries, T. S.; Coston, J. E.

1983-01-01

118

Corrosion Testing of Brazed Space Station IATCS Materials  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Increased nickel concentrations in the IATCS coolant prompted a study of the corrosion rates of nickel-brazed heat exchangers in the system. The testing has shown that corrosion is occurring in a silicon-rich intermetallic phase in the braze filler of coldplates and heat exchangers as the result of a decrease in the coolant pH brought about by cabin carbon dioxide permeation through polymeric flexhoses. Similar corrosion is occurring in the EMU de-ionized water loop. Certain heat exchangers and coldplates have more silicon-rich phase because of their manufacturing method, and those units produce more nickel corrosion product. Silver biocide additions did not induce pitting corrosion at silver precipitate sites.

Pohlman, Matthew J.; Varisik, Jerry; Steele, John W.; Golden, Johnny L.; Boyce, William E.; Pedley, Michael D.

2004-01-01

119

Evaluation of annual corrosion tests for aggressive water  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Internal corrosion has a significant effect on the useful life of pipes, the hydraulic conditions of a distribution system and the quality of the water transported. All water is corrosive under some conditions, and the level of this corrosion depends on the physical and chemical properties of the water and properties of the pipe material. Galvanic treatment is an innovation for protecting against corrosion, and this method is also suitable for removal of water stone too. This method consists of the electrogalvanic principle, which is generated by the flowing of water between a zinc anode and the cupro-alloy cover of a column. This article presents experimental corrosion tests at water resource Pernek (This water resource-well marked as HL-1 is close to the Pernek of village), where the device is operating based on this principle.

Dubová, V.; Ilavský, J.; Barloková, D.

2011-12-01

120

The Revamping of an Ignition Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The revamping of an Ignition Test Facility, located in the Research Combustion Laboratory at the NASA Glenn Research Center, is presented. The history of how the test cell has adapted efficiently to a variety of test programs is discussed. The addition of a second test stand for ignition and small-scale rocket testing is detailed. An overview of the facility and the current test programs is offered. Planned upgrades for the future are outlined.

Kearns, Kimberly A.

2002-01-01

121

Radiant Heat Test Facility (RHTF): User Test Planning Guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Test process, milestones and inputs are unknowns to first-time users of the RHTF. The User Test Planning Guide aids in establishing expectations for both NASA and non- NASA facility customers. The potential audience for this guide includes both internal and commercial spaceflight hardware/software developers. It is intended to assist their test engineering personnel in test planning and execution. Material covered includes a roadmap of the test process, roles and responsibilities of facility and user, major milestones, facility capabilities, and inputs required by the facility. Samples of deliverables, test article interfaces, and inputs necessary to define test scope, cost, and schedule are included as an appendix to the guide.

DelPapa, Steven

2011-01-01

122

Antenna Test Facility (ATF): User Test Planning Guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Test process, milestones and inputs are unknowns to first-time users of the ATF. The User Test Planning Guide aids in establishing expectations for both NASA and non-NASA facility customers. The potential audience for this guide includes both internal and commercial spaceflight hardware/software developers. It is intended to assist their test engineering personnel in test planning and execution. Material covered includes a roadmap of the test process, roles and responsibilities of facility and user, major milestones, facility capabilities, and inputs required by the facility. Samples of deliverables, test article interfaces, and inputs necessary to define test scope, cost, and schedule are included as an appendix to the guide.

Lin, Greg

2011-01-01

123

Vibration and Acoustic Test Facility (VATF): User Test Planning Guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Test process, milestones and inputs are unknowns to first-time users of the VATF. The User Test Planning Guide aids in establishing expectations for both NASA and non-NASA facility customers. The potential audience for this guide includes both internal and commercial spaceflight hardware/software developers. It is intended to assist their test engineering personnel in test planning and execution. Material covered includes a roadmap of the test process, roles and responsibilities of facility and user, major milestones, facility capabilities, and inputs required by the facility. Samples of deliverables, test article interfaces, and inputs necessary to define test scope, cost, and schedule are included as an appendix to the guide.

Fantasia, Peter M.

2011-01-01

124

National Solar Thermal Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

This is a brief report about a Sandia National Laboratory facility which can provide high-thermal flux for simulation of nuclear thermal flash, measurements of the effects of aerodynamic heating on radar transmission, etc

Cameron, C.P.

1989-12-31

125

Electrochemical Corrosion Testing of Borated Stainless Steel Alloys  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management has specified borated stainless steel manufactured to the requirements of ASTM A 887-89, Grade A, UNS S30464, to be the material used for the fabrication of the fuel basket internals of the preliminary transportation, aging, and disposal canister system preliminary design. The long-term corrosion resistance performance of this class of borated materials must be verified when exposed to expected YMP repository conditions after a waste package breach. Electrochemical corrosion tests were performed on crevice corrosion coupons of Type 304 B4 and Type 304 B5 borated stainless steels exposed to single postulated in-package chemistry at 60°C. The results show low corrosion rates for the test period

lister, tedd e; Mizia, Ronald E

2007-05-01

126

Electrochemical Corrosion Testing of Borated Stainless Steel Alloys  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management has specified borated stainless steel manufactured to the requirements of ASTM A 887-89, Grade A, UNS S30464, to be the material used for the fabrication of the fuel basket internals of the preliminary transportation, aging, and disposal canister system preliminary design. The long-term corrosion resistance performance of this class of borated materials must be verified when exposed to expected YMP repository conditions after a waste package breach. Electrochemical corrosion tests were performed on crevice corrosion coupons of Type 304 B4 and Type 304 B5 borated stainless steels exposed to single postulated in-package chemistry at 60°C. The results show low corrosion rates for the test period

lister, tedd e; Mizia, Ronald E

2007-09-01

127

Ensayo de Corrosion de Mallas en Laminados de Fibra de Carbono Probetas de Impacto al Rayo (Corrosion Tests of Meshes in Carbon Fiber Laminates: Impact Beam Tests).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Corrosion resistance test results of copper alloy metal meshes, used in beam impact tests, are summarized. The use of a painting system is advised to avoid corrosion appearance in the metal meshes during an aircraft's service lifetime.

1990-01-01

128

Energy Systems Test Area (ESTA). Power Systems Test Facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation provides a detailed description of the Johnson Space Center's Power Systems Facility located in the Energy Systems Test Area (ESTA). Facilities and the resources used to support power and battery systems testing are also shown. The contents include: 1) Power Testing; 2) Power Test Equipment Capabilities Summary; 3) Source/Load; 4) Battery Facilities; 5) Battery Test Equipment Capabilities Summary; 6) Battery Testing; 7) Performance Test Equipment; 8) Battery Test Environments; 9) Battery Abuse Chambers; 10) Battery Abuse Capabilities; and 11) Battery Test Area Resources.

Situ, Cindy H.

2010-01-01

129

Thermal effects testing at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Solar Thermal Test Facility is operated by Sandia National Laboratories and located on Kirkland Air Force Base in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The permanent features of the facility include a heliostat field and associated receiver tower, two sol...

M. E. Ralph C. P. Cameron C. M. Ghanbari

1992-01-01

130

Microbiologically influenced corrosion of stainless steel in a nuclear waste facility  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion in stainless steel cooling water piping in a nuclear waste processing facility occurred during an extended system lay-up. The failure characteristics indicated microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). The corrosion occurred at welds as pinhole penetrations in the surfaces, which opened into large subsurface void formations. Corrosive attack started in the heat-affected zones of the assembly welds, usually adjacent to fusion lines. Stepwise grinding, polishing, and etching in the affected areas revealed that voids generally grew in the wrought material as uniform, general corrosion. Tunneling (wormholing) erosion was also present. Selective attack occurred within the two-phase weld filler zone. The result was a void wall that was rough and porous-appearing, a consequence of preferential attack on the austenite. The three-dimensional spongy surface was studied optically and with the scanning electron microscope.

Jenkins, C.F.; Doman, D.L.

1992-12-31

131

Microbiologically influenced corrosion of stainless steel in a nuclear waste facility  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion in stainless steel cooling water piping in a nuclear waste processing facility occurred during an extended system lay-up. The failure characteristics indicated microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). The corrosion occurred at welds as pinhole penetrations in the surfaces, which opened into large subsurface void formations. Corrosive attack started in the heat-affected zones of the assembly welds, usually adjacent to fusion lines. Stepwise grinding, polishing, and etching in the affected areas revealed that voids generally grew in the wrought material as uniform, general corrosion. Tunneling (wormholing) erosion was also present. Selective attack occurred within the two-phase weld filler zone. The result was a void wall that was rough and porous-appearing, a consequence of preferential attack on the austenite. The three-dimensional spongy surface was studied optically and with the scanning electron microscope.

Jenkins, C.F.; Doman, D.L.

1992-01-01

132

Optical testing cryogenic thermal vacuum facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The construction of a turnkey cryogenic vacuum test facility was recently completed. The facility will be used to measure and record the surface profile of large diameter and 540 kg optics under simulated space conditions. The vacuum test chamber is a vertical stainless steel cylinder with a 3.5 diameter and a 7 m tangent length. The chamber was designed to

Patrick W. Dohogne; Warren A. Carpenter

1990-01-01

133

Pin-On-Disk Corrosion-Wear Test  

SciTech Connect

An electrochemical pin-on-disk corrosion-wear apparatus was developed at the Albany Research Center of the U. S. Department of Energy. The instrument was qualified on a low-alloy T1 tool steel (ASTM A514) and a 304 stainless steel (Type 304). The apparatus incorporates simple specimen and counterface geometry and is instrumented for simultaneous corrosion and wear testing. The electrochemical and wear parameters of potential, current, charge, sliding speed, frictional force, and normal acceleration can be continuously displayed and recorded. After a break-in period, the electrochemical pin-on-disk produced constant wear rates independent of path length for both ASTM A514 steel and 304 stainless steel. Results for 304 stainless steel in sulfate solutions show that abrasive wear causes the corrosion potential to shift by 0.4 V in the active direction and the passive current density to increase by three orders of magnitude, compared with the condition of no wear. Current density was a linear function of the sliding speed at a constant applied anodic potential. The open circuit corrosion potential exhibits a decay function behavior with respect to the sliding speed. Volume loss and corrosion measurements showed that mechanical removal of material was responsible for 95% of the corrosion-wear losses for 304 stainless steel. Continual corrosion exposure, however, increased the mechanical removal of material by 35 to 48%.

Friedersdorf, F.J.; Holcomb, G.R.

1998-07-01

134

Lead Coolant Test Facility Development Workshop  

SciTech Connect

A workshop was held at the Idaho National Laboratory on May 25, 2005, to discuss the development of a next generation lead or lead-alloy coolant test facility. Attendees included representatives from the Generation IV lead-cooled fast reactor (LFR) program, Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative, and several universities. Several participants gave presentations on coolant technology, existing experimental facilities for lead and lead-alloy research, the current LFR design concept, and a design by Argonne National Laboratory for an integral heavy liquid metal test facility. Discussions were focused on the critical research and development requirements for deployment of an LFR demonstration test reactor, the experimental scope of the proposed coolant test facility, a review of the Argonne National Laboratory test facility design, and a brief assessment of the necessary path forward and schedule for the initial stages of this development project. This report provides a summary of the presentations and roundtable discussions.

Paul A. Demkowicz

2005-06-01

135

Status of proof-of-concept testing at the Coal Fired Flow Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of the POC testing at the DOE Coal Fired Flow Facility (CFFF) during calendar year 1988 are summarized. Emphasis is on the development of technology for the steam bottoming plant for the MHD Steam Combined Cycle power plant. The first 500 hours of corrosion testing on candidate boiler tubes were completed and preliminary results are discussed. Ash deposition and

R. C. Attig; M. E. Sanders; J. N. Chapman

1989-01-01

136

Comparative Stress Corrosion Cracking and General Corrosion Resistance of Annealed and Hardened 440C Stainless Steel-New Techniques in Stress Corrosion Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The corrosion and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) characteristics of annealed and hardened 440C stainless steel were evaluated in high humidity and 3.5-percent NaCl solution. Corrosion testing consisted of an evaluation of flat plates, with and without gr...

M. J. Mendreck B. E. Hurless P. D. Torres M. D. Danford

1998-01-01

137

The vanadium alloys technological and corrosion studies in construction and operation of liquid metal facilities for fusion reactor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The vanadium—lithium test facility has been constructed to carry out corrosion tests of vanadium alloys in lithium flow, to evaluate the welding procedures and to develop electrically insulating coatings for lithium self-cooled blanket application. The corrosion tests were performed in a nonisothermal lithium flow with the flow rate up to 1 m/s at temperatures in the range 450-700°C. The results of development of the electricity insulating coatings are presented. The achieved specific resistance of AlN based coatings is 30-40 ? m. The results of electron-beam and argon tungsten-arc welding methods are presented for welding sheets, rods and pipes for V?Ti?Cr type alloys. Solution of the vanadium alloys and vanadium alloys—stainless steels welding problems enabled construction of a liquid metal system satisfying all the necessary requirements.

Vertkov, A. V.; Evtikhin, V. A.; Lyublinski, I. E.

1996-10-01

138

Photovoltaic Systems Test Facilities: Existing capabilities compilation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general description of photovoltaic systems test facilities (PV-STFs) operated under the U.S. Department of Energy's photovoltaics program is given. Descriptions of a number of privately operated facilities having test capabilities appropriate to photovoltaic hardware development are given. A summary of specific, representative test capabilities at the system and subsystem level is presented for each listed facility. The range of system and subsystem test capabilities available to serve the needs of both the photovoltaics program and the private sector photovoltaics industry is given.

Volkmer, K.

1982-01-01

139

Design considerations and test facilities for accelerated radiation effects testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Test design parameters for accelerated dose rate radiation effects tests for spacecraft parts and subsystems used in long term mission (years) are detailed. A facility for use in long term accelerated and unaccelerated testing is described.

Price, W. E.; Miller, C. G.; Parker, R. H.

1972-01-01

140

Corrosion testing of stainless steel-zirconium metal waste form.  

SciTech Connect

Stainless steel-zirconium (SS-Zr) alloys are being considered as waste forms for the disposition of metallic waste generated during the electrometallurgical treatment of spent nuclear fuel. The waste forms contain irradiated cladding hulls, components of the alloy fuel, noble metal fission products, and actinide elements. The baseline waste form is a stainless steel-15 wt% zirconium (SS-15Zr) alloy. This article presents microstructure and some of the corrosion studies being conducted on the waste form alloys. Electrochemical corrosion, immersion corrosion, and vapor hydration tests have been performed on various alloy compositions to evaluate corrosion behavior and resistance to selective leaching of simulated fission products. The SS-Zr waste forms are successful at the immobilization and retention of fission products and show potential for acceptance as high-level nuclear waste forms.

Abraham, D. P.

1998-12-14

141

Accelerated atmospheric corrosion testing of electroplated gold mirror coatings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gold-coated mirrors are widely used in infrared optics for industrial, space, and military applications. These mirrors are often made of aluminum or beryllium substrates with polished nickel plating. Gold is deposited on the nickel layer by either electroplating or vacuum deposition processes. Atmospheric corrosion of gold-coated electrical connectors and contacts was a well-known problem in the electronic industry and studied extensively. However, there is limited literature data that correlates atmospheric corrosion to the optical properties of gold mirror coatings. In this paper, the atmospheric corrosion of different electroplated gold mirror coatings were investigated with an accelerated mixed flowing gas (MFG) test for up to 50 days. The MFG test utilizes a combination of low-level air pollutants, humidity, and temperatures to achieve a simulated indoor environment. Depending on the gold coating thickness, pore corrosion started to appear on samples after about 10 days of the MFG exposure. The corrosion behavior of the gold mirror coatings demonstrated the porous nature of the electroplated gold coatings as well as the variation of porosity to the coating thickness. The changes of optical properties of the gold mirrors were correlated to the morphology of corrosion features on the mirror surface.

Chu, C.-T.; Alaan, D. R.; Taylor, D. P.

2010-08-01

142

Systems test facilities existing capabilities compilation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Systems test facilities (STFS) to test total photovoltaic systems and their interfaces are described. The systems development (SD) plan is compilation of existing and planned STFs, as well as subsystem and key component testing facilities. It is recommended that the existing capabilities compilation is annually updated to provide and assessment of the STF activity and to disseminate STF capabilities, status and availability to the photovoltaics program.

Weaver, R.

1981-01-01

143

RF anechoic chamber test facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio frequency anechoic test chamber design is discussed. Radar absorbing materials are described. Electromagnetic compatibility testing in anechoic chambers is introduced. Special purpose chambers, e.g., for investigating a compact frequency range are considered.

B. F. Lawrence

1982-01-01

144

Test facilities and procedures for strapdown systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Test procedures for determining the error coefficients of strapdown sensor error models are discussed, and the test facilities used are described. Attention is given to a three axial motion simulator and control and data acquisition. The system tested was a functional prototype consisting of an inertial measurement unit, interface unit, digital computer, and power supply. The rate test is taken

H. Bertler

1979-01-01

145

Electrochemical corrosion testing of fasteners in extracts of treated wood  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent change in wood preservatives has highlighted the need for a rapid, quantitative test to measure the corrosion rates of metals in contact with treated wood that could be used to evaluate new fasteners or new wood preservatives. A new method was developed where polarisation resistance tests were conducted on fasteners exposed to a water extract of wood treated

Samuel L. Zelinka; Douglas R. Rammer; Donald S. Stone

2008-01-01

146

Status of the Large Coil Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

The Large Coil Test Facility (LCTF) is serving as the focus for international collaboration in the development of superconducting toroidal field coils. The United States is providing the test facility and three test coils. EURATOM, Japan, and Switzerland are each providing one coil, to be tested in a six-coil compact torus. Construction of the LCTF was completed in November 1983 within the $35.75 million budget established in December 1980. Concurrently with the later stages of construction, the vacuum system, the liquid nitrogen system, and the helium refrigeration system were operated in acceptance and performance tests. Two test coils with bath-cooled windings were received and installed by October 1983. Shakedown of the integrated facility systems and limited testing of the two coils are beginning in December 1983. Preparations have been made for installation of the other four test coils, which are now nearing completion in Europe and the United States.

Haubenreich, P.N.; Bohanan, R.E.; May, J.R.; Miller, H.E.

1983-01-01

147

Small engine components test facility turbine testing cell  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Lewis Research Center has designed and constructed a new state-of-the-art test facility. This facility, called the Small Engine Components Test Facility (SECTF), is used to test gas turbines and compressors at conditions similar to actual engine conditions. The SECTF is comprised of two separate facilities - a turbine test cell and a compressor test cell. The paper will describe the turbine test cell. The capabilities of the facility make it unique - no other facility of its kind is capable of combining its pressure, speed, and temperature ranges. Turbine inlet air ranges up to 9 atm (125 psig). The turbine exhaust pressure ranges from 0.15 atm (2 psia) to atmospheric pressure. Turbine inlet air temperatures range from ambient to 700 K (1260 deg R). The controllable speed of the turbine rotor ranges from 4000 to 60,000 rpm and the maximum power absorbed by the facility dynamometer is 1250 hp. The data acquisition system scans up to 2000 channels/sec. This paper will discuss in detail the capabilities of the facility, overall facility design, instrumentation used in the facility, and the data acquisition system. Actual research data is not discussed.

Nowlin, Brent C.; Verhoff, Vincent G.

1988-01-01

148

Testing facilities for rent: Confidentiality optional  

SciTech Connect

Three testing facilities are available to engineers wishing to test new ideas and prototypes without having to experiment on a commercial field. Each has state-of-the-art equipment for rent, and strict confidentiality is maintained. The Drilling Technology Test Facility (DTTF) is comprised of four drilling research and testing laboratories. Three of them are located on the Catoosa lease 18 miles northeast of Tulsa: Drilling and Completions Test Facility; Drilling Hydraulics Test Loop; and Coiled Tubing Test Ramp. The fourth component, the Drilling Simulator Lab Rig, is located at the Tulsa research facility. The Aberdeen Offshore Technology Park, located adjacent to the Offshore Europe conference site, was established in 1987. The Downhole Technology Centre is one of the Park`s open access research facilities, which means it is available to any company or individual wishing to conduct downhole research. Possible synergies with the other seven oil and gas research facilities at the Park give the Centre a bit of ``lagniappe,`` or something extra. The purpose of the facility is to encourage well services techniques to be developed, tested and demonstrated without the risk and expense associated with offshore wells. Situated in Stavanger, Norway, the Ullrigg Drilling and Well Centre was begun in 1983. At the Centre, personnel are available for professional project management, including budgeting and cost control. A drilling crew experienced in performing research projects is available to test drill string dynamics, do vibration analysis, and test well control and performance of drilling equipment and downhole tools. Simulation software assists facility users in carrying out advanced analysis.

Perdue, J.M.

1997-04-01

149

EXPERT PANEL OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE ASSESSMENT OF FY2008 CORROSION AND STRESS CORROSION CRACKING SIMULANT TESTING PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The Expert Panel Oversight Committee (EPOC) has been overseeing the implementation of selected parts of Recommendation III of the final report, Expert Panel workshop for Hanford Site Double-Shell Tank Waste Chemistry Optimization, RPP-RPT-22126. Recommendation III provided four specific requirements necessary for Panel approval of a proposal to revise the chemistry control limits for the Double-Shell Tanks (DSTs). One of the more significant requirements was successful performance of an accelerated stress corrosion cracking (SCC) experimental program. This testing program has evaluated the optimization of the chemistry controls to prevent corrosion in the interstitial liquid and supernatant regions of the DSTs.

BOOMER KD

2009-01-08

150

License plate cosmetic corrosion test of automotive coated steel sheet  

SciTech Connect

A new standard laboratory test (SAE J2334) for evaluation of the cosmetic corrosion resistance of autobody steel sheet has been developed through the joint efforts of the Society of Automotive Engineers Automotive Corrosion Prevention Committee (SAE/ACAP) and the Auto/Steel Partnership (A/SP) Corrosion Task Force. Results from this test gave an excellent correlation with those of on-vehicle tests conducted for 5 years in Canada at St. John`s, Newfoundland, and Montreal, Quebec. To determine how results of the Canadian tests related to environments in the United States, racks of identical materials were mounted on the front license plate brackets of cars driven in various locations in the US snowbelt, including Bethlehem, Pennsylvania; Detroit, Michigan, and Chardon, Ohio. After 4 years to 5 years, these tests showed the US environments produced less scribe creep and more red rust than those conducted in Canada. Similar rankings were obtained for the scribe creep resistance of the various coated steel sheet products when compared at equivalent amounts of corrosion. However, the ranking of materials changed at longer exposure times in Canada, and for that reason, it was concluded that the 5-year Canadian results used in the development of the SAE J2334 test provided a better real-world performance standard.

Townsend, H.E. [Bethlehem Steel Corp., Bethlehem, PA (United States)., Homer Research Labs.; Simpson, M.W. [PPG/Chemfil Corp., Troy, MI (United States). Coatings and Resins Group; Linde, W.B. van der [E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Co., Inc., Philadelphia, PA (United States). Automotive Products Development; McCune, D.C. [Quality/Statistics, Beaver, PA (United States)

1999-04-01

151

IAL Space Facilities for Thermal Vacuum Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The thermal vacuum facilities of IAL Space Research Center of the University of Liege (Belgium) for testing of the ESA payloads are addressed. They progressively upgraded for cryogenic payloads including 4 K (liquid helium temperature) experiments. The th...

M. Henrist J. P. Macau I. Domken A. Cucchiaro

1990-01-01

152

Cryogenics for the superconducting module test facility  

SciTech Connect

A group of laboratories and universities, with Fermilab taking the lead, are constructing a superconducting cryomodule test facility (SMTF) in the Meson Detector Building (MDB) area at Fermilab. The facility will be used for testing and validating designs for both pulsed and CW systems. A multi phase approach is taken to construct the facility. For the initial phase of the project, cryogens for a single cavity cryomodule will be supplied from the existing Cryogenic Test Facility (CTF) that houses three Tevatron satellite refrigerators. The cooling capacity available for cryomodule testing at MDB results from the liquefaction capacity of the CTF cryogenic system. A cryogenic distribution system to supply cryogens from CTF to MDB is under construction. This paper describes plans, status and challenges of the initial phase of the SMTF cryogenic system.

Klebaner, A.L.; Theilacker, J.C.; /Fermilab

2006-01-01

153

FMIT - The Fusion Materials Irradiation Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A joint effort by the Hanford Engineering Development Laboratory (HEDL) and Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) has produced a preliminary design for a Fusion Materials Irradiation Test Facility (FMIT) that uses a high-power linear accelerator to fire...

D. J. Liska

1980-01-01

154

Central Receiver Test Facility (CRTF) Experiment Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Central Receiver Test Facility is operated by Sandia Laboratories for the US Department of Energy. The CRTF is being used for component and subsystem evaluation within the Solar Thermal Large Power Systems Program. This experiment manual provides user...

J. T. Holmes L. K. Matthews L. O. Seamons D. B. Davis D. L. King

1979-01-01

155

Health Maintenance Facility System Effectiveness Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Medical Simulations Working Group conducted a series of medical simulations to evaluate the proposed Health Maintenance Facility (HMF) Preliminary Design Review (PDR) configuration. The goal of these simulations was to test the system effectiveness of...

C. W. Lloyd J. Gosbee R. Bueker D. Kupra M. Ruta

1993-01-01

156

Functional design criteria for a test and evaluation facility at the Near-Surface Test Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tests shall be conducted in a Test and Evaluation Facility (TEF) at the Near-Surface Test Facility (NSTF). The handling and storage of nuclear waste canisters in an underground environment shall be demonstrated. Results of the test shall provide generic data in support of the National Waste Terminal Storage Program. The TEF is a modification of the NSTF Phase II (deferred)

1982-01-01

157

Fast Flux Test Facility emergency planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the emergency planning structure and experience at the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF). The FFTF is a 400-MW thermal sodium-cooled, three-loop, fast test reactor operated by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) for the US Department of Energy (DOE) as part of the Hanford Engineering Development Laboratory facilities twelve miles north of Richland, Washington on the Hanford Reservation. The

W. C. Moffitt; D. J. Newland

1983-01-01

158

Mechanical Components Branch Test Facilities and Capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Mechanical Components Branch at NASA Glenn Research Center formulates, conducts, and manages research focused on propulsion systems for both present and advanced aeronautical and space vehicles. The branch is comprised of research teams that perform basic research in three areas: mechanical drives, aerospace seals, and space mechanisms. Each team has unique facilities for testing aerospace hardware and concepts. This report presents an overview of the Mechanical Components Branch test facilities.

Oswald, Fred B.

2004-01-01

159

Corrosion Testing in Support of the Accelerator Production of Tritium Program  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Production of Tritium Project is part of the United States Department of Energy strategy to meet the nation's tritium needs. The project involves the design of a proton beam accelerator, which will produce tritium through neutron/proton interaction with helium-3. Design, construction and operation of this one-of-a-kind facility will involve the utilization of a wide variety of materials exposed to unique conditions, including elevated temperature and high-energy mixed-proton and -neutron spectra. A comprehensive materials test program was established by the APT project which includes the irradiation of structural materials by exposure to high-energy protons and neutrons at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Real-time corrosion measurements were performed on specially designed corrosion probes in water irradiated by an 800 MeV proton beam. The water test system provided a means for measuring water chemistry, dissolved hydroge n concentration, and the effects of water radiolysis and water quality on corrosion rate. The corrosion probes were constructed of candidate APT materials alloy 718, 316L stainless steel, 304L stainless steel, and 6061 Aluminum (T6 heat treatment), and alternate materials 5052 aluminum alloy, alloy 625, and C276. Real-time corrosion rates during proton irradiation increased with proton beam current. Efforts are continuing to determine the effect of proton beam characteristics and mixed-particle flux on the corrosion rate of materials located directly in the proton beam. This paper focuses on the real-time corrosion measurements of materials located in the supply stream and return stream of the water flow line to evaluate effects of long-lived radiolysis products and water chemistry on the corrosion rates of materials. In general, the corrosion rates for the out-of-beam probes were low and were affected mainly by water conductivity. The data indicate a water conductivity threshold e xists to minimize corrosion in the out-of-beam areas, especially for aluminum. The in-beam probes also revealed a water conductivity threshold but at a lower value compared to the out-of-beam probes.

Chandler, G.

2000-11-07

160

Fast flux test facility component materials surveillance  

SciTech Connect

Surveillance irradiation tests conducted in the Fast Flux Test Facility confirm that fracture toughness, other mechanical properties, and irradiation-induced swelling of reactor construction materials are within expected bounds. Tests after long-term exposure at elevated temperature confirm that fracture toughness of piping and vessel materials remain at acceptable levels. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

Blackburn, L.D.; Huang, F.H. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)); Mills, W.J. (Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States))

1991-07-01

161

MST5 high rate mechanical testing facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selected aspects of five gun systems in the MST-5 High Rate Mechanical Testing Facility are described. 238 plutonium sources heated by a projectile furnace are impacted in a 7 in. gun system which provides impact containment. Failure strains in sheet metals are determined by a biaxial punch test and a tensile test using a 2 in. bore gun. A similar

Frantz

1985-01-01

162

Massachusetts Large Blade Test Facility Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Project Objective: The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (CEC) will design, construct, and ultimately have responsibility for the operation of the Large Wind Turbine Blade Test Facility, which is an advanced blade testing facility capable of testing wind turbine blades up to at least 90 meters in length on three test stands. Background: Wind turbine blade testing is required to meet international design standards, and is a critical factor in maintaining high levels of reliability and mitigating the technical and financial risk of deploying massproduced wind turbine models. Testing is also needed to identify specific blade design issues that may contribute to reduced wind turbine reliability and performance. Testing is also required to optimize aerodynamics, structural performance, encourage new technologies and materials development making wind even more competitive. The objective of this project is to accelerate the design and construction of a large wind blade testing facility capable of testing blades with minimum queue times at a reasonable cost. This testing facility will encourage and provide the opportunity for the U.S wind industry to conduct more rigorous testing of blades to improve wind turbine reliability.

Rahul Yarala; Rob Priore

2011-09-02

163

Integrated Disposal Facility FY 2012 Glass Testing Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

PNNL is conducting work to provide the technical basis for estimating radionuclide release from the engineered portion of the disposal facility for Hanford immobilized low-activity waste (ILAW). Before the ILAW can be disposed, DOE must conduct a performance assessment (PA) for the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF) that describes the long-term impacts of the disposal facility on public health and environmental resources. As part of the ILAW glass testing program, PNNL is implementing a strategy, consisting of experimentation and modeling, to provide the technical basis for estimating radionuclide release from the glass waste form in support of future IDF PAs. Key activities in FY12 include upgrading the STOMP/eSTOMP codes to do near-field modeling, geochemical modeling of PCT tests to determine the reaction network to be used in the STOMP codes, conducting PUF tests on selected glasses to simulate and accelerate glass weathering, developing a Monte Carlo simulation tool to predict the characteristics of the weathered glass reaction layer as a function of glass composition, and characterizing glasses and soil samples exhumed from an 8-year lysimeter test. The purpose of this report is to summarize the progress made in fiscal year (FY) 2012 and the first quarter of FY 2013 toward implementing the strategy with the goal of developing an understanding of the long-term corrosion behavior of LAW glasses.

Pierce, Eric M.; Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Krogstad, Eirik J.; Burton, Sarah D.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Freedman, Vicky L.; Cantrell, Kirk J.; Snyder, Michelle MV; Crum, Jarrod V.; Westsik, Joseph H.

2013-03-29

164

Corrosion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents some materials for use in demonstration and experimentation of corrosion processes, including corrosion stimulation and inhibition. Indicates that basic concepts of electrochemistry, crystal structure, and kinetics can be extended to practical chemistry through corrosion explanation. (CC)

Slabaugh, W. H.

1974-01-01

165

Status of coal ash corrosion resistant materials test program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In November of 1998, Babcock and Wilcox (B and W) began development of a system to permit testing of several advanced tube materials at metal temperatures typical of advanced supercritical steam conditions of 1100 F and higher in a boiler exhibiting coal ash corrosive conditions. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO), B and W,

D. K. McDonald; D. K. Meisenhelter; V. K. Sikka

1999-01-01

166

In vivo and in vitro considerations of corrosion testing.  

PubMed

In vitro experiments were conducted in which the fretting corrosion rate of stainless steel plates and screws in 0.9% saline was compared with the rate in solutions of 10% calf serum in saline. The results demonstrated a ten-fold decrease in the fretting corrosion rate with the addition of serum to saline. However, it also demonstrated that the lower concentration of nickel in the serum solutions was more biologically active than the higher concentration in saline when the solutions were used to skin test rabbits made allergic to nickel by injection. PMID:7260227

Brown, S A; Merritt, K

1981-01-01

167

Assessing corrosion problems in photovoltaic cells via electrochemical stress testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A series of accelerated electrochemical experiments to study the degradation properties of polyvinylbutyral-encapsulated silicon solar cells has been carried out. The cells' electrical performance with silk screen-silver and nickel-solder contacts was evaluated. The degradation mechanism was shown to be electrochemical corrosion of the cell contacts; metallization elements migrate into the encapsulating material, which acts as an ionic conducting medium. The corrosion products form a conductive path which results in a gradual loss of the insulation characteristics of the encapsulant. The precipitation of corrosion products in the encapsulant also contributes to its discoloration which in turn leads to a reduction in its transparency and the consequent optical loss. Delamination of the encapsulating layers could be attributed to electrochemical gas evolution reactions. The usefulness of the testing technique in qualitatively establishing a reliability difference between metallizations and antireflection coating types is demonstrated.

Shalaby, H.

1985-01-01

168

Recommissioning the K-1600 Seismic Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

The Center of Natural Phenomena Engineering (CNPE) was established under the technical direction of Dr. James E. Beavers with a mandate to assess, by analyses and testing, the seismic capacity of building structures that house sensitive processes at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. This mandate resulted in a need to recommission the K-1600 Seismic Test Facility (STF) at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site, which had been shutdown for 6 years. This paper documents the history of the facility and fives some salient construction, operation, and performance details of its 8-ton, 20-foot center of gravity payload bi-axial seismic simulator. A log of activities involved in the restart of this valuable resource is included as Table 1. Some of problems and solutions associated with recommissioning the facility under a relatively limited budget are included. The unique attributes of the shake table are discussed. The original mission and performance requirements are compared to current expanded mission and performance capabilities. Potential upgrades to further improve the capabilities of the test facility as an adjunct to the CNPE are considered. Additional uses for the facility are proposed, including seismic qualification testing of devices unique to enrichment technologies and associated hazardous waste treatment and disposal processes. In summary, the STF restart in conjunction with CNPE has added a vital, and unique facility to the list of current national resources utilized for earthquake engineering research and development. 3 figs., 1 tab.

Wynn, C.C. (Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)); Brewer, D.W. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1991-10-01

169

Real-Gas Aerothermodynamics Test Facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This chapter provides an overview of the current ground-based aerothermodynamic testing capabilities in Western Europe and the United States. The focus is on facilities capable of producing real-gas effects (dissociation, ionization, and thermochemical nonequilibrium) pertinent to the study of atmospheric flight in the Mach number range of 5 < M < 50. Perceived mission needs of interest to the Americans and Western Europeans are described where such real-gas flows are important. The role of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in modern ground testing is discussed, and the capabilities of selected American and European real-gas facilities are described. An update on the current instrumentation in aerothermodynamic testing is also outlined. Comments are made regarding the use of new facilities which have been brought on line during the past 3-5 years. Finally, future needs for aerothermodynamic testing, including instrumentation, are discussed and recommendations for implementation are reported.

Arnold, James O.; Seibert, George L.; Wendt, John F.

1998-01-01

170

Recommissioning the K-1600 Seismic Test Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Center of Natural Phenomena Engineering (CNPE) was established under the technical direction of Dr. James E. Beavers with a mandate to assess, by analyses and testing, the seismic capacity of building structures that house sensitive processes at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. This mandate resulted in a need to recommission the K-1600 Seismic Test Facility (STF) at the Oak

C. C. Wynn; D. W. Brewer

1991-01-01

171

High pressure turbomachinery ground test facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Turbomachinery test facilities are at present scarce to non-existent world-wide. The turbomachinery test facility at Stennis Space Center will provide for advanced development and research and development capabilities for liquid hydrogen/liquid oxygen propellant rocket engine components. The facility will provide ultra-high pressure via gas generators to deliver the needed turbine drive on various turbomachinery. State of the art process control systems will provide the vital pressure, temperature and flow requirements during tests. These systems will better control adverse transient conditions during start-up and shutdown, and by using advanced control theory, as well as incorporate test article health monitoring. Also, digital data acquisition systems will obtain high frequency (up to 20 KHz) and low frequency (up to 1 KHz) data during the test. Pressures of up to 15,000 psi will be generated to pressurize high pressure tanks supplying cryogens to various test article inlets thus pushing turbopump materials and manufacturing processes to their limits. By planning for future projects the test facility will be easily adaptable to multi-program test configurations over a range of thermodynamic positions.

Scheuermann, Patrick E.

1992-01-01

172

[Corrosion testing of high level radioactive waste. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Alloys under consideration as candidates for the high level nuclear waste containers at Yucca Mountain were exposed to a range of corrosion conditions and their performance measured. The alloys tested were Incoloy 825, 70/30 Copper-Nickel, Monel 400, Hastelloy C- 22, and low carbon steel. The test conditions varied were: temperature, concentration, agitation, and crevice simulation. Only in the case of carbon steel was significant attack noted. This attack appeared to be transport limited.

NONE

1996-06-01

173

Integrated Disposal Facility FY2011 Glass Testing Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory was contracted by Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC to provide the technical basis for estimating radionuclide release from the engineered portion of the disposal facility (e.g., source term). Vitrifying the low-activity waste at Hanford is expected to generate over 1.6 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3} of glass (Certa and Wells 2010). The volume of immobilized low-activity waste (ILAW) at Hanford is the largest in the DOE complex and is one of the largest inventories (approximately 8.9 x 10{sup 14} Bq total activity) of long-lived radionuclides, principally {sup 99}Tc (t{sub 1/2} = 2.1 x 10{sup 5}), planned for disposal in a low-level waste (LLW) facility. Before the ILAW can be disposed, DOE must conduct a performance assessment (PA) for the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF) that describes the long-term impacts of the disposal facility on public health and environmental resources. As part of the ILAW glass testing program PNNL is implementing a strategy, consisting of experimentation and modeling, in order to provide the technical basis for estimating radionuclide release from the glass waste form in support of future IDF PAs. The purpose of this report is to summarize the progress made in fiscal year (FY) 2011 toward implementing the strategy with the goal of developing an understanding of the long-term corrosion behavior of low-activity waste glasses.

Pierce, Eric M.; Bacon, Diana H.; Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Windisch, Charles F.; Cantrell, Kirk J.; Valenta, Michelle M.; Burton, Sarah D.; Westsik, Joseph H.

2011-09-29

174

Comparative Stress Corrosion Cracking and General Corrosion Resistance of Annealed and Hardened 440 C Stainless Steel - New Techniques in Stress Corrosion Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The corrosion and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) characteristics of annealed and hardened 440C stainless steel were evaluated in high humidity and 3.5-percent NaCl solution. Corrosion testing consisted of an evaluation of flat plates, with and without grease, in high humidity, as well as electrochemical testing in 3.5-percent NaCl. Stress corrosion testing consisted of conventional, constant strain, smooth bar testing in high humidity in addition to two relatively new techniques under evaluation at MSFC. These techniques involve either incremental or constant rate increases in the load applied to a precracked SE(B) specimen, monitoring the crack-opening-displacement response for indications of crack growth. The electrochemical corrosion testing demonstrated an order of magnitude greater general corrosion rate in the annealed 440C. All techniques for stress corrosion testing showed substantially better SCC resistance in the annealed material. The efficacy of the new techniques for stress corrosion testing was demonstrated both by the savings in time and the ability to better quantify SCC data.

Mendreck, M. J.; Hurless, B. E.; Torres, P. D.; Danford, M. D.

1998-01-01

175

Durability Tests of a Fiber Optic Corrosion Sensor  

PubMed Central

Steel corrosion is a major cause of degradation in reinforced concrete structures, and there is a need to develop cost-effective methods to detect the initiation of corrosion in such structures. This paper presents a low cost, easy to use fiber optic corrosion sensor for practical application. Thin iron film is deposited on the end surface of a cleaved optical fiber by sputtering. When light is sent into the fiber, most of it is reflected by the coating. If the surrounding environment is corrosive, the film is corroded and the intensity of the reflected signal drops significantly. In previous work, the sensing principle was verified by various experiments in laboratory and a packaging method was introduced. In this paper, the method of multiplexing several sensors by optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR) and optical splitter is introduced, together with the interpretation of OTDR results. The practical applicability of the proposed sensors is demonstrated in a three-year field trial with the sensors installed in an aggressive marine environment. The durability of the sensor against chemical degradation and physical degradation is also verified by accelerated life test and freeze-thaw cycling test, respectively.

Wan, Kai Tai; Leung, Christopher K.Y.

2012-01-01

176

Durability tests of a fiber optic corrosion sensor.  

PubMed

Steel corrosion is a major cause of degradation in reinforced concrete structures, and there is a need to develop cost-effective methods to detect the initiation of corrosion in such structures. This paper presents a low cost, easy to use fiber optic corrosion sensor for practical application. Thin iron film is deposited on the end surface of a cleaved optical fiber by sputtering. When light is sent into the fiber, most of it is reflected by the coating. If the surrounding environment is corrosive, the film is corroded and the intensity of the reflected signal drops significantly. In previous work, the sensing principle was verified by various experiments in laboratory and a packaging method was introduced. In this paper, the method of multiplexing several sensors by optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR) and optical splitter is introduced, together with the interpretation of OTDR results. The practical applicability of the proposed sensors is demonstrated in a three-year field trial with the sensors installed in an aggressive marine environment. The durability of the sensor against chemical degradation and physical degradation is also verified by accelerated life test and freeze-thaw cycling test, respectively. PMID:22737030

Wan, Kai Tai; Leung, Christopher K Y

2012-01-01

177

Detecting internal corrosion of natural gas transmission pipelines: field tests of probes and systems for real-time corrosion measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field study was conducted to evaluate the use of automated, multi-technique electrochemical corrosion-rate monitoring devices and probes for detecting corrosion in environments similar to those found in natural gas transmission pipelines. It involved measurement of real-time corrosion signals from operating pipelines. Results and interpretation were reported from four different field test locations. Standard flush-mount and custom flange probes were

Covino Bernard S. Jr; Sophie J. Bullard; Stephen D. Cramer; Gordon R. Holcomb; M. Ziomek-Moroz; R. D. Kane; B. Meidinger

2005-01-01

178

Impact Landing Dynamics Facility Crash Test  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

By 1972 the Lunar Landing Research Facility was no longer in use for its original purpose. The 400-foot high structure was swiftly modified to allow engineers to study the dynamics of aircraft crashes. 'The Impact Dynamics Research Facility is used to conduct crash testing of full-scale aircraft under controlled conditions. The aircraft are swung by cables from an A-frame structure that is approximately 400 ft. long and 230 foot high. The impact runway can be modified to simulate other grand crash environments, such as packed dirt, to meet a specific test requirement.' 'In 1972, NASA and the FAA embarked on a cooperative effort to develop technology for improved crashworthiness and passenger survivability in general aviation aircraft with little or no increase in weight and acceptable cost. Since then, NASA has 'crashed' dozens of GA aircraft by using the lunar excursion module (LEM) facility originally built for the Apollo program.' This photograph shows Crash Test No. 7.

1975-01-01

179

Test facilities for future linear colliders  

SciTech Connect

During the past several years there has been a tremendous amount of progress on Linear Collider technology world wide. This research has led to the construction of the test facilities described in this report. Some of the facilities will be complete as early as the end of 1996, while others will be finishing up around the end 1997. Even now there are extensive tests ongoing for the enabling technologies for all of the test facilities. At the same time the Linear Collider designs are quite mature now and the SLC is providing the key experience base that can only come from a working collider. All this taken together indicates that the technology and accelerator physics will be ready for a future Linear Collider project to begin in the last half of the 1990s.

Ruth, R.D.

1995-12-01

180

Cryogenic testing of Planck sorption cooler test facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A test facility has been upgraded in preparation for testing of two hydrogen sorption cryocoolers operating at 18/20 K. these sorption coolers are currently under development at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. This work summarizes the scope of the test facility upgrade, including design for cryogenic cooling power delivery, system thermal management, insulation schemes, and data acquisition techniques. Ground support equipment for the sorption coolers, structural features of the test chamber, and the vacuum system involved for system testing will also be described in detail.

Zhang, B.; Pearson, D.; Borders, J.; Franklin, B.; Prina, M.; Hardy, J.; Crumb, D.

2004-01-01

181

Testing the VLT AO facility with ASSIST  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The testing and verification of ESO Very Large Telescope Adaptive Optics Facility (VLT-AOF) requires new and innovative techniques to deal with the absence of an intermediate focus on the telescope. ASSIST, The Adaptive Secondary Setup and Instrument STimulator, was developed to provide a testing facility for the ESO AOF and will allow off-telescope testing of three elements of the VLT Adaptive Optics Facility; the Deformable Secondary Mirror (DSM) and the AO systems for MUSE and HAWK-I (GALACSI and GRAAL). ASSIST will provide a full testing environment which includes an interferometric testing mode for the DSM, an on-axis testing mode with a single wavefront sensor and full operation testing modes for both the AO systems. Both natural as well as laser guide stars will be simulated under various asterisms and a realistic turbulent atmosphere will be provided for varying atmospheric conditions. ASSIST passed its final design review and is now being manufactured, integrated and tested and will be operational in mid 2011, in time for first testing with the DSM.

Stuik, Remko; Arsenault, Robin; Boland, Wilfried; Deep, Atul; Delabre, Bernard; Hubin, Norbert; Kolb, Johann; La Penna, Paolo; Molster, Frank; Wiegers, Emiel

2010-07-01

182

Startup of Large Coil Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

The Large Coil Test Facility (LCTF) is being used to test superconducting toroidal field coils about one-third the size of those for INTOR. Eventually, six different coils from four countries will be tested. Operations began in 1983 with acceptance testing of the helium refrigerator/liquefier system. Comprehensive shakedown of the facility and tests with the first three coils (from Japan, the United States, and Switzerland) were successfully accomplished in the summer of 1984. Currents up to 10,200 A and fields up to 6.4 T were reached. Data were obtained on performance of refrigerator, helium distribution, power supplies, controls, and data acquisition systems and on the acoustic emission, voltages, currents, and mechanical strains during charging and discharging the coils.

Haubenreich, P.N.; Bohanan, R.E.; Fietz, W.A.; Luton, J.N.; May, J.R.

1984-01-01

183

Cryogenic Magnetic Bearing Test Facility (CMBTF)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Cryogenic Magnetic Bearing Test Facility (CMBTF) was designed and built to evaluate compact, lightweight magnetic bearings for use in the SSME's (space shuttle main engine) liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen turbopumps. State of the art and tradeoff studies were conducted which indicated that a hybrid permanent magnet bias homopolar magnetic bearing design would be smaller, lighter, and much more efficient than conventional industrial bearings. A test bearing of this type was designed for the test rig for use at both room temperature and cryogenic temperature (-320 F). The bearing was fabricated from state-of-the-art materials and incorporated into the CMBTF. Testing at room temperature was accomplished at Avcon's facility. These preliminary tests indicated that this magnetic bearing is a feasible alternative to older bearing technologies. Analyses showed that the hybrid magnetic bearing is one-third the weight, considerably smaller, and uses less power than previous generations of magnetic bearings.

1992-01-01

184

The sky is falling: chemical characterization and corrosion evaluation of deposition produced during the static testing of solid rocket motors.  

PubMed

Static tests of horizontally restrained rocket motors at the ATK facility in Promontory UT, USA result in the deposition of entrained soil and fuel combustion products, referred to as Test Fire Soil (TFS), over areas as large as 30-50 mile (80-130 km) and at distances up to 10-12 miles (16-20 km) from the test site. Chloride is the main combustion product generated from the ammonium perchlorate-aluminum based composite propellant. Deposition sampling/characterization and a 6-month field corrosivity study using mild steel coupons were conducted in conjunction with the February 25th 2010 FSM-17 static test. The TFS deposition rates at the three study sites ranged from 1 to 5 g/min/m. TFS contained significantly more chloride than the surface soil collected from the test site. The TFS collected during two subsequent tests had similarly elevated chloride, suggesting that the results obtained in this study are applicable to other tests assuming that the rocket fuel composition remains similar. The field-deployed coupons exposed to the TFS had higher corrosion rates (3.6-5.0 mpy) than paired non-exposed coupons (1.6-1.8 mpy). Corrosion rates for all coupons decreased over time, but coupons exposed to the TFS always had a higher rate than the non-exposed. Differences in corrosion rates between the three study sites were also observed, with sites receiving more TFS deposition having higher corrosion rates. PMID:23410860

Doucette, William J; McNeill, Laurie S; Mendenhall, Scout; Hancock, Paul V; Wells, Jason E; Thackeray, Kevin J; Gosen, David P

2013-03-01

185

Reproduction of natural corrosion by accelerated laboratory testing methods  

SciTech Connect

Various laboratory corrosion tests have been developed to study the behavior of glass waste forms under conditions similar to those expected in an engineered repository. The data generated by laboratory experiments are useful for understanding corrosion mechanisms and for developing chemical models to predict the long-term behavior of glass. However, it is challenging to demonstrate that these test methods produce results that can be directly related to projecting the behavior of glass waste forms over time periods of thousands of years. One method to build confidence in the applicability of the test methods is to study the natural processes that have been taking place over very long periods in environments similar to those of the repository. In this paper, we discuss whether accelerated testing methods alter the fundamental mechanisms of glass corrosion by comparing the alteration patterns that occur in naturally altered glasses with those that occur in accelerated laboratory environments. This comparison is done by (1) describing the alteration of glasses reacted in nature over long periods of time and in accelerated laboratory environments and (2) establishing the reaction kinetics of naturally altered glass and laboratory reacted glass waste forms.

Luo, J.S.; Wronkiewicz, D.J.; Mazer, J.J.; Bates, J.K.

1996-05-01

186

Corrosion testing of candidates for the alkaline fuel cell cathode  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Current/voltage data was obtained for specially made corrosion electrodes of some oxides and of gold materials for the purpose of developing a screening test of catalysts and supports for use at the cathode of the alkaline fuel cell. The data consists of measurements of current at fixed potentials and cyclic voltammograms. These data will have to be correlated with longtime performance data in order to fully evaluate this approach to corrosion screening. Corrosion test screening of candidates for the oxygen reduction electrode of the alkaline fuel cell was applied to two substances, the pyrochlore Pb2Ru2O6.5 and the spinel NiCo2O4. The substrate gold screen and a sample of the IFC Orbiter Pt-Au performance electrode were included as blanks. The pyrochlore data indicate relative stability, although nothing yet can be said about long term stability. The spinel was plainly unstable. For this type of testing to be validated, comparisons will have to be made with long term performance tests.

Singer, Joseph; Fielder, William L.

1989-01-01

187

Impact Landing Dynamics Facility Crash Test  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

By 1972 the Lunar Landing Research Facility was no longer in use for its original purpose. The 400-foot high structure was swiftly modified to allow engineers to study the dynamics of aircraft crashes. The Impact Dynamics Research Facility is used to conduct crash testing of full- scale aircraft under controlled conditions. The aircraft are swung by cables from an A-frame structure that is approximately 400 ft. long and 230 foot high. The impact runway can be modified to simulate other grand crash environments, such as packed dirt, to meet a specific test requirement. In 1972, NASA and the FAA embarked on a cooperative effort to develop technology for improved crashworthiness and passenger survivability in general aviation aircraft with little or no increase in weight and cceptable cost. Since then, NASA has 'crashed' dozens of GA aircraft by using the lunar excursion module (LEM) facility originally built for the Apollo program.

1975-01-01

188

A rapid and facile method for measuring corrosion rates using dynamic light scattering.  

PubMed

A dynamic light scattering (DLS) method was adopted for measuring the corrosion of iron nanoparticles. The average diameter of the nanoparticles in a sodium chloride suspension increased linearly with time as iron oxide layers formed around the nanoparticles. The nanoparticle corrosion rate determined by DLS was found to be almost identical to the value obtained by conventional immersion tests (ASTM G31). The DLS method offers the advantage that measurements may be completed within several hours under natural corrosion conditions whereas the conventional immersion method requires several months. Application of the DLS method to alloy nanoparticles with a variety of chromium compositions showed that the nanoparticle sizes changed nonlinearly over time, and the curves were best fit by a first order exponential function. The first order time constants were found to be linearly related to the corrosion rates determined by ASTM G31. PMID:22159284

Joo, Jinmyoung; Seo, Hyejung; Chun, Changho; Han, Kunwoo; Jung, Hwangyo; Kim, Sungjee; Jeon, Sangmin

2012-02-01

189

Corrosiveness testing of thermal insulating materials: A simulated field exposure study using a test wall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The corrosiveness of various residential thermal insulation materials was tested under simulated field conditions in a test wall structure. The test was conducted under controlled conditions typical of winter in the absence of a vapor barrier to create relatively severe moisture transport and possible condensation. The house-wall simulation was achieved by constructing a test panel containing 50 compartments into which

K. Sheppard; R. Weil; A. Desjarlais

1988-01-01

190

MST-5 High Rate Mechanical Testing Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Selected aspects of five gun systems in the MST-5 High Rate Mechanical Testing Facility are described. 238 plutonium sources heated by a projectile furnace are impacted in a 7 in. gun system which provides impact containment. Failure strains in sheet meta...

C. E. Frantz

1985-01-01

191

The BNL Accelerator Test Facility control system  

SciTech Connect

Described is the VAX/CAMAC-based control system for Brookhaven National Laboratory's Accelerator Test Facility, a laser/linac research complex. Details of hardware and software configurations are presented along with experiences of using Vsystem, a commercial control system package.

Malone, R.; Bottke, I.; Fernow, R.; Ben-Zvi, I.

1993-01-01

192

Brookhaven Accelerator Test Facility Injection System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Brookhaven Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) consists of a 50-MeV/c electron linac and a high-brightness RF-gun both operating at 2856 MHz. An extremely short (a few picoseconds) electron pulse with low transverse emittance is generated by the RF-gun. I...

X. J. Wang H. G. Kirk C. Pellegrini K. T. McDonald D. P. Russell

1989-01-01

193

Wind Turbine Drivetrain Test Facility Data Acquisition System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Wind Turbine Drivetrain Test Facility (WTDTF) is a stateof-the-art industrial facility used for testing wind turbine drivetrains and generators. Large power output wind turbines are primarily installed for off-shore wind power generation. The facility...

J. B. McIntosh

2011-01-01

194

Erosion–corrosion resistance of engineering materials in various test conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Erosion–corrosion is a complex phenomenon which involves the interaction between the mechanical processes of solid particle erosion and the electrochemical processes of corrosion. A whole range of issues is faced by a designer when trying to obtain relevant information on erosion–corrosion performance of a material. Amongst the constraints are the dispersed test conditions and test rigs available in the literature

S. S. Rajahram; T. J. Harvey; R. J. K. Wood

2009-01-01

195

Low power arcjet test facility impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance characterization of a flight-type 1.4 kW arcjet system were conducted at the Rocket Research Company (RRC) in Redmond, WA, and at the NASA LeRC in Cleveland, OH. The objectives of these tests were as follows: to compare low-power arcjet performance at two different test facilities; to compare arcjet performance obtained with a 2:1 mixture of gaseous hydrogen and nitrogen

W. Earl Morren; Paul J. Lichon

1992-01-01

196

Rationale for a high voltage test facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1970s Manitoba Hydro has performed 60 Hz withstand tests together with partial discharge measurements on new and salvaged bushings and current transformers rated ?115 kV using facilities at our service centre. Similar equipment rated 230 kV, 550 kVac and 500 kVdc has been tested only under special circumstances, and as a result has experienced a higher failure rate

W. McDermid; Manitoba Hydro

2010-01-01

197

Test facilities for high power electric propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electric propulsion has applications for orbit raising, maneuvering of large space systems, and interplanetary missions. These missions involve propulsion power levels from tenths to tens of megawatts, depending upon the application. General facility requirements for testing high power electric propulsion at the component and thrust systems level are defined. The characteristics and pumping capabilities of many large vacuum chambers in the United States are reviewed and compared with the requirements for high power electric propulsion testing.

Sovey, James S.; Vetrone, Robert H.; Grisnik, Stanley P.; Myers, Roger M.; Parkes, James E.

1991-01-01

198

Modular test facility for HTS insert coils  

SciTech Connect

The final beam cooling stages of a Muon Collider may require DC solenoid magnets with magnetic fields in the range of 40-50 T. In this paper we will present a modular test facility developed for the purpose of investigating very high field levels with available 2G HTS superconducting materials. Performance of available conductors is presented, together with magnetic calculations and evaluation of Lorentz forces distribution on the HTS coils. Finally a test of a double pancake coil is presented.

Lombardo, V; Bartalesi, A.; Barzi, E.; Lamm, M.; Turrioni, D.; Zlobin, A.V.; /Fermilab

2009-10-01

199

Corrosion Rates on Underground Steel Test Piles at Turcot Yard, Montreal, Canada - Part 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1966, isolated steel H-piles allocated for underground corrosion tests were installed in three locations at the Turcot Yard Interchange of the Transcanadian Highway at Montreal. The paper describes the determination of corrosion rates based on the pola...

W. J. Schwerdtfeger M. Romanoff

1972-01-01

200

Test Procedure to Evaluate the Relative Susceptibility of Materials to Stress Corrosion Cracking.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A stress corrosion test procedure that employs electrochemical potentiostatic polarization techniques has been presented. A potentiostatic stress corrosion life curve (PSCLC) was developed for various materials. The PSCLC can be used to show the effect of...

D. L. Dull L. Raymond

1972-01-01

201

Corrosion Tests of LWR Fuels - Nuclide Release  

SciTech Connect

Two BWR fuels [64 and 71 (MWd)/kgU], one of which contained 2% Gd, and two PWR fuels [30 and 45 (MWd)/kgU], are tested by dripping groundwater on the fuels under oxidizing and hydrologically unsaturated conditions for times ranging from 2.4 to 8.2 yr at 90 C. The {sup 99}Tc, {sup 129}I, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 97}Mo, and {sup 90}Sr releases are presented to show the effects of long reaction times and of gadolinium on nuclide release. This investigation showed that the five nuclides at long reaction times have similar fractional release rates and that the presence of 2% Gd reduced the {sup 99}Tc cumulative release fraction by about an order of magnitude over that of a fuel with a similar burnup.

P.A. Finn; Y. Tsai; J.C. Cunnane

2001-12-14

202

Assessment of a hot hydrogen nuclear propulsion fuel test facility  

SciTech Connect

Subsequent to the announcement of the Space Exploration Initiative (SEI), several studies and review groups have identified nuclear thermal propulsion as a high priority technology for development. To achieve the goals of SEI to place man on Mars, a nuclear rocket will operate at near 2700K and in a hydrogen environment at near 60 atmospheres. Under these conditions, the operational lifetime of the rocket will be limited by the corrosion rate at the hydrogen/fuel interface. Consequently, the Los Alamos National Laboratory has been evaluating requirements and design issues for a test facility. The facility will be able to directly heat fuel samples by electrical resistance, microwave deposition, or radio frequency induction heating to temperatures near 3000K. Hydrogen gas at variable pressure and temperatures will flow through the samples. The thermal gradients, power density, and operating times envisioned for nuclear rockets will be duplicated as close as reasonable. The post-sample flow stream will then be scrubbed and cooled before reprocessing. The baseline design and timetable for the facility will be discussed. 7 refs.

Watanabe, H.H.; Howe, S.D.; Wantuck, P.J.

1991-01-01

203

Assessment of a hot hydrogen nuclear propulsion fuel test facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Subsequent to the announcement of the Space Exploration Initiative (SEI), several studies and review groups have identified nuclear thermal propulsion as a high priority technology for development. To achieve the goals of SEI to place man on Mars, a nuclear rocket will operate at near 2700 K and in a hydrogen environment at near 60 atmospheres. Under these conditions, the operational lifetime of the rocket will be limited by the corrosion rate at the hydrogen/fuel interface. Consequently, the Los Alamos National Laboratory has been evaluating requirements and design issues for a test facility. The facility will be able to directly heat fuel samples by electrical resistance, microwave deposition, or radio frequency induction heating to temperatures near 3000 K. Hydrogen gas at variable pressure and temperatures will flow through the samples. The thermal gradients, power density, and operating times envisioned for nuclear rockets will be duplicated as close as reasonable. The post sample flow stream will then be scrubbed and cooled before reprocessing. The baseline design and timetable for the facility will be discussed.

Watanabe, H. H.; Howe, S. D.; Wantuck, P. J.

204

Metal fuel test program in the Fast Flux Test Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report discusses irradiation testing of metal fuel assemblies in the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) which has demonstrated the viability of this robust fuel design for liquid metal reactor applications. This fuel design provides high burnup capability with reduced fabrication costs relative to standard mixed-oxide FFTF driver fuel assemblies. Development of this fuel design required the establishment of innovative

A. L. Pitner; R. B. Baker

1992-01-01

205

Functional design criteria for a test and evaluation facility at the Near-Surface Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

Tests shall be conducted in a Test and Evaluation Facility (TEF) at the Near-Surface Test Facility (NSTF). The handling and storage of nuclear waste canisters in an underground environment shall be demonstrated. Results of the test shall provide generic data in support of the National Waste Terminal Storage Program. The TEF is a modification of the NSTF Phase II (deferred) Test Area. This document provides technical criteria to design required modification. Substantive modifications are: provide a vertical shaft, hoisting equipment and provide additional 26 canister storage holes.

Black, M.T.

1982-08-01

206

Sensor test facilities and capabilities at the Nevada test site  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sandia National Laboratories has recently developed two major field test capabilities for unattended ground sensor systems at the Department of Energy's Nevada Test Site (NTS). The first capability utilizes the NTS large area, varied terrain, and intrasite communications systems for testing sensors for detecting and tracking vehicular traffic. Sensor and ground truth data can be collected at either of two secure control centers. This system also includes an automated ground truth capability that consists of differential Global Positioning Satellite receivers on test vehicles and live TV coverage of critical road sections. Finally there is a high-speed, secure computer network link between the control centers and the Air Force's Theater Air Command and Control Simulation Facility in Albuquerque NM. The second capability is Bunker 2-300. It is a facility for evaluating advanced sensor systems for monitoring activities in underground cut-and-cover facilities. The main part of the facility consists of an underground bunker with three large rooms for operating various types of equipment. This equipment includes simulated chemical production machinery and controlled seismic and acoustic signal sources. There has been a thorough geologic and electromagnetic characterization of the region around the bunker. Since the facility is in a remote location, it is well-isolated from seismic, acoustic, and electromagnetic interference.

Boyer, William B.; Burke, Larry J.; Gomez, Bernard J.; Livingston, Leonard; Nelson, Daniel S.; Smathers, Douglas C.

1997-07-01

207

A New Acoustic Test Facility at Alcatel Space Test Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the obsolescence of its acoustic test facility, Alcatel Space has initiated the investment of a large acoustic chamber on its test centre located in Cannes, south of France. This paper presents the main specification elaborated to design the facility, and the solution chosen : it will be located on a dedicated area of the existing test centre and will be based on technical solution already used in similar facilities over the world. The main structure consists in a chamber linked to an external envelope (concrete building) through suspension aiming at decoupling the vibration and preventing from seismic risks. The noise generation system is based on the use of Wyle modulators located on the chamber roof. Gaseous nitrogen is produced by a dedicated gas generator developed by Air-Liquide that could deliver high flow rate with accurate pressure and temperature controls. The control and acquisition system is based on existing solution implemented on the vibration facilities of the test centre. With the start of the construction in May 2004, the final acceptance tests are planned for April 2005, and the first satellites to be tested are planned for May 2005.

Meurat, A.; Jezequel, L.

2004-08-01

208

Timescale Correlation between Marine Atmospheric Exposure and Accelerated Corrosion Testing - Part 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Evaluation of metals to predict service life of metal-based structures in corrosive environments has long relied on atmospheric exposure test sites. Traditional accelerated corrosion testing relies on mimicking the exposure conditions, often incorporating salt spray and ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and exposing the metal to continuous or cyclic conditions similar to those of the corrosive environment. Their reliability to correlate to atmospheric exposure test results is often a concern when determining the timescale to which the accelerated tests can be related. Accelerated corrosion testing has yet to be universally accepted as a useful tool in predicting the long-term service life of a metal, despite its ability to rapidly induce corrosion. Although visual and mass loss methods of evaluating corrosion are the standard, and their use is crucial, a method that correlates timescales from accelerated testing to atmospheric exposure would be very valuable. This paper presents work that began with the characterization of the atmospheric environment at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Beachside Corrosion Test Site. The chemical changes that occur on low carbon steel, during atmospheric and accelerated corrosion conditions, were investigated using surface chemistry analytical methods. The corrosion rates and behaviors of panels subjected to long-term and accelerated corrosion conditions, involving neutral salt fog and alternating seawater spray, were compared to identify possible timescale correlations between accelerated and long-term corrosion performance. The results, as well as preliminary findings on the correlation investigation, are presented.

Montgomery, Eliza L.; Calle, Luz Marina; Curran, Jerome C.; Kolody, Mark R.

2012-01-01

209

Low-power arcjet test facility impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance characterizations of a flight-type 1.4 kW arcjet system were conducted. Performance and thruster temperature distributions were measured at thruster input power levels and propellant mass flow rates ranging from 1274 to 1370 W and from 3.2 x 10 exp -5 to 5.1 x 10 exp -5 kg\\/s, respectively. Specific impulses measured at the two facilities, at comparable test cell

W. E. Morren; Paul J. Lichon

1992-01-01

210

BNL ACCELERATOR TEST FACILITY CONTROL SYSTEM UPGRADE.  

SciTech Connect

Brookhaven National Laboratory's Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) has embarked on a complete upgrade of its decade old computer system. The planned improvements affect every major component: processors (Intel Pentium replaces VAXes), operating system (Linux/Real-Time Linux supplants OpenVMS), and data acquisition equipment (fast Ethernet equipment replaces CAMAC serial highway.) This paper summarizes the strategies and progress of the upgrade along with plans for future expansion.

MALONE,R.; BEN-ZVI,I.; WANG,X.; YAKIMENKO,V.

2001-06-18

211

NASDA's new test facilities for satellites and rockets  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) has decided to construct integrated environmental and structural test facilities for large space satellites. These facilities are under construction. The new test facilities are described and some technical considerations, especially for the unique vibration test facility are discussed.

Tsuchiya, Mitsuhiro

1988-01-01

212

Capabilities of the High Voltage Stress Test System at the Outdoor Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

We illustrate the capabilities of the High Voltage Stress Test (HVST) which operates continuously in the array field east of the Outdoor Test Facility at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Because we know that photovoltaic (PV) modules generating electrical power in both residential and utility-scale array installations will develop high-voltage biases approaching 600 VDC and 1,000 VDC, respectively, we expect such high voltages will result in current leakage between cells and ground, typically through the frames or mounts. We know that inevitably such leakage currents are capable of producing electrochemical corrosion that adversely impacts long-term module performance. With the HVST, we stress or operate PV modules under high-voltage bias, to characterize their leakage currents under all prevailing ambient conditions and assess performance changes emanating from high-voltage stress. We perform this test both on single modules and an active array.

del Cueto, J. A.; Trudell, D.; Sekulic, W.

2005-11-01

213

LIQUID AIR INTERFACE CORROSION TESTING FOR FY2010  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study was undertaken to investigate the corrosivity to carbon steel of the liquid-air interface of dilute simulated radioactive waste solutions. Open-circuit potentials were measured on ASTM A537 carbon steel specimens located slightly above, at, and below the liquid-air interface of simulated waste solutions. The 0.12-inch-diameter specimens used in the study were sized to respond to the assumed distinctive chemical environment of the liquid-air interface, where localized corrosion in poorly inhibited solutions may frequently be observed. The practical inhibition of such localized corrosion in liquid radioactive waste storage tanks is based on empirical testing and a model of a liquid-air interface environment that is made more corrosive than the underlying bulk liquid due to chemical changes brought about by absorbed atmospheric carbon dioxide. The chemical changes were assumed to create a more corrosive open-circuit potential in carbon in contact with the liquid-air interface. Arrays of 4 small specimens spaced about 0.3 in. apart were partially immersed so that one specimen contacted the top of the meniscus of the test solution. Two specimens contacted the bulk liquid below the meniscus and one specimen was positioned in the vapor space above the meniscus. Measurements were carried out for up to 16 hours to ensure steady-state had been obtained. The results showed that there was no significant difference in open-circuit potentials between the meniscus-contact specimens and the bulk-liquid-contact specimens. With the measurement technique employed, no difference was detected between the electrochemical conditions of the meniscus versus the bulk liquid. Stable open-circuit potentials were measured on the specimen located in the vapor space above the meniscus, showing that there existed an electrochemical connection through a thin film of solution extending up from the meniscus. This observation supports the Hobbs-Wallace model of the development of the pitting susceptibility of carbon steel in alkaline solutions.

Zapp, P.

2010-12-16

214

Field tests of corrosion and chemical sensors for geothermal power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes approximately two years of continuous monitoring of corrosion (and other variables that affect corrosion) in a 10-megawatt binary cycle geothermal power plant. The project goal was to develop methods for detecting adverse plant conditions soon enough to prevent equipment failures. The instruments tested were: (1) resistance-type corrosion probes; (2) linear polarization corrosion probes; (3) oxidation\\/reduction potential (ORP)

R. J. Robertus; D. W. Shannon; R. G. Sullivan; D. B. Mackey; O. H. Koski; F. O. McBarron; J. L. Duce; D. D. Pierce

1986-01-01

215

The ESO Adaptive Optics Facility under Test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Adaptive Optics Facility project has received most of its subsystems in Garching and the ESO Integration Hall has become the central operation location for the next phase of the project. The main test bench ASSIST and the 2nd Generation M2-Unit (hosting the Deformable Secondary Mirror) have been granted acceptance late 2012. The DSM will now undergo a series of tests on ASSIST to qualify its optical performance which launches the System Test Phase of the AOF. The tests will validate the AO modules operation with the DSM: first the GRAAL adaptive optics module for Hawk-I in natural guide star AO mode on-axis and then its Ground Layer AO mode. This will be followed by the GALACSI (for MUSE) Wide-Field-Mode (GLAO) and then the more challenging Narrow-Field-Mode (LTAO). We will report on the status of the subsystems at the time of the conference but also on the performance of the delivered ASSIST test bench, the DSM and the 20 Watt Sodium fiber Laser pre-production unit which has validated all specifications before final manufacturing of the serial units. We will also present some considerations and tools to ensure an efficient operation of the Facility in Paranal.

Arsenault, Robin; Madec, Pierre-Yves; Paufique, Jerome; La Penna, Paolo; Stroebele, Stefan; Vernet, Elise; Pirard, Jean-François; Hackenberg, Wolfgang; Kuntschner, Harald; Kolb, Johann; Muller, Nicolas; Le Louarn, Miska; Amico, Paola; Hubin, Norbert; Lizon, Jean-Louis; Ridings, Rob; Abad, Jose; Fischer, Gert; Heinz, Volker; Kiekebusch, Mario; Argomedo, Javier; Conzelmann, Ralf; Tordo, Sebastien; Donaldson, Rob; Soenke, Christian; Duhoux, Philippe; Fedrigo, Enrico; Delabre, Bernard; Jost, Andrea; Duchateau, Michel; Downing, Mark; Moreno, Javier; Manescau, Antonio; Bonaccini Calia, Domenico; Quattri, Marco; Dupuy, Christophe; Guidolin, Ivan; Comin, Mauro; Guzman, Ronald; Buzzoni, Bernard; Quentin, Jutta; Lewis, Steffan; Jolley, Paul; Kraus, Max; Pfrommer, Thomas; Garcia-Rissmann, Aurea; Biasi, Roberto; Gallieni, Daniele; Stuik, Remko

2013-12-01

216

Software regression testing: practical experience at the ALMA test facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) is a joint project between astronomical organizations in Europe, North America, and Japan. ALMA will consist of at least 50 twelve meter antennas operating in the millimeter and submillimeter wavelength range. It will be located at an altitude above 5000m in the Chilean Atacama desert. The ALMA Test Facility (ATF), located in New Mexico,

B. Lopez; R. Araya; N. Barriga; P. Burgos; S. Harrington; T. Juerges; J. Kern; J. Sepulveda; R. Soto; N. Troncoso; M. Zambrano

2008-01-01

217

Startup Testing of the Fast Flux Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

This paper is one in a series documenting the current effort to retrieve, secure, and preserve critical information related to advanced reactors. . Information from this testing is being retrieved under the Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCRD) program conducted by the Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) of the DOE. The Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) is the most recent Liquid Metal Reactor (LMR) to be designed, constructed, and operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).

Wootan, David W.; Butner, R. Scott; Omberg, Ronald P.; Makenas, Bruce J.; Nielsen, Deborah L.; Polzin, David L.

2010-06-30

218

Thermionic system evaluated test (TSET) facility description  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A consortium of US agencies are involved in the Thermionic System Evaluation Test (TSET) which is being supported by the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO). The project is a ground test of an unfueled Soviet TOPAZ-II in-core thermionic space reactor powered by electrical heat. It is part of the United States' national thermionic space nuclear power program. It will be tested in Albuquerque, New Mexico at the New Mexico Engineering Research Institute complex by the Phillips Laboratoty, Sandia National Laboratories, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the University of New Mexico. One of TSET's many objectives is to demonstrate that the US can operate and test a complete space nuclear power system, in the electrical heater configuration, at a low cost. Great efforts have been made to help reduce facility costs during the first phase of this project. These costs include structural, mechanical, and electrical modifications to the existing facility as well as the installation of additional emergency systems to mitigate the effects of utility power losses and alkali metal fires.

Fairchild, Jerry F.; Koonmen, James P.; Thome, Frank V.

1992-01-01

219

A high-Reynolds-number seal test facility: Facility description and preliminary test data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A facility has been developed for testing the leakage and rotordynamic characteristics of interstage-seal configurations for the HPFTP (High Pressure Fuel Turbopump) of the SSME (Space Shuttle Main Engine). Axial Reynolds numbers on the order of 400,000 are realized in the test facility by using a Dupont freon fluid called Halon (CBrF3). The kinematic viscosity of Halon is of the same order as the liquid hydrogen used in the HPFTP. Initial testing has focused on the current flight configurations (a three-segment, stepped unit) and a convergent-taper candidate.

Childs, D. W.; Nelson, C.; Noyes, T.; Dressman, J. B.

1982-01-01

220

Usability Testing and Analysis Facility (UTAF)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the work of the Usability Testing and Analysis Facility (UTAF) at NASA Johnson Space Center. It is one of the Space Human Factors Laboratories in the Habitability and Human Factors Branch (SF3) at NASA Johnson Space Center The primary focus pf the UTAF is to perform Human factors evaluation and usability testing of crew / vehicle interfaces. The presentation reviews the UTAF expertise and capabilities, the processes and methodologies, and the equipment available. It also reviews the programs that it has supported detailing the human engineering activities in support of the design of the Orion space craft, testing of the EVA integrated spacesuit, and work done for the design of the lunar projects of the Constellation Program: Altair, Lunar Electric Rover, and Outposts

Wong, Douglas T.

2010-01-01

221

Summary of the WIPP materials interface interactions test: Metal corrosion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several series of in situ, high-level and transuranic waste form-leaching and waste form-engineered barrier materials interactions tests were conducted at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) facility, near Carlsbad, New Mexico, in the USA. This multi-national effort, the WIPP Materials Interface Interactions Tests (MIIT), involves the underground testing of about 2000 (nonradioactive) waste form, metal, and geologic samples in the

N. R. Sorensen; M. A. Molecke

1992-01-01

222

Hydrologic test plan for the Environmental Remediation Disposal Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydrologic tests are planned at seven wells that will be drilled at the proposed Environmental Remediation Disposal Facility (ERDF). These wells are supporting hydrologic, geologic, and hydrochemical characterization at this new facility. Hydrologic testing will consist of instantaneous slug tests, slug interference tests, step-drawdown tests, and constant rate discharge tests (generally single-well). These test results and later groundwater monitoring data

1993-01-01

223

Facility effluent monitoring plan for the fast flux test facility  

SciTech Connect

A facility effluent monitoring plan is required by the US Department of Energy in US Department of Energy Order 5400.1 for any operations that involve hazardous materials and radioactive substances that could affect employee or public safety or the environment. A Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan determination was performed during calendar year 1991 and the evaluation requires the need for a facility effluent monitoring plan. This facility effluent monitoring plan assesses effluent monitoring systems and evaluates whether they are adequate to ensure the public health and safety as specified in applicable federal, state, and local requirements.

Nickels, J M; Dahl, N R

1992-11-01

224

NASA Plum Brook's B-2 test facility-Thermal vacuum and propellant test facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Glenn Research Center (GRC) Plum Brook Station (PBS) Spacecraft Propulsion Research Facility, commonly referred to as B-2, is NASA's third largest thermal vacuum facility. It is the largest designed to store and transfer large quantities of liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, and is perfectly suited to support developmental testing of upper stage chemical propulsion systems as well as fully integrated stages. The facility is also capable of providing thermal-vacuum simulation services to support testing of large lightweight structures, Cryogenic Fluid Management (CFM) systems, electric propulsion test programs, and other In-Space propulsion programs. A recently completed integrated system test demonstrated the refurbished thermal vacuum capabilities of the facility. The test used the modernized data acquisition and control system to monitor the facility. The heat sink provided a uniform temperature environment of approximately 77K. The modernized infrared lamp array produced a nominal heat flux of 1.4 kW/m2. With the lamp array and heat sink operating simultaneously, the thermal systems produced a heat flux pattern simulating radiation to space on one surface and solar exposure on the other surface.

Kudlac, Maureen; Weaver, Harold; Cmar, Mark

2012-06-01

225

NASA Plum Brook's B-2 Test Facility: Thermal Vacuum and Propellant Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Glenn Research Center (GRC) Plum Brook Station (PBS) Spacecraft Propulsion Research Facility, commonly referred to as B-2, is NASA's third largest thermal vacuum facility. It is the largest designed to store and transfer large quantities of liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, and is perfectly suited to support developmental testing of upper stage chemical propulsion systems as well as fully integrated stages. The facility is also capable of providing thermal-vacuum simulation services to support testing of large lightweight structures, Cryogenic Fluid Management (CFM) systems, electric propulsion test programs, and other In-Space propulsion programs. A recently completed integrated system test demonstrated the refurbished thermal vacuum capabilities of the facility. The test used the modernized data acquisition and control system to monitor the facility. The heat sink provided a uniform temperature environment of approximately 77 K. The modernized infrared lamp array produced a nominal heat flux of 1.4 kW/sq m. With the lamp array and heat sink operating simultaneously, the thermal systems produced a heat flux pattern simulating radiation to space on one surface and solar exposure on the other surface.

Kudlac, Maureen T.; Weaver, Harold F.; Cmar, Mark D.

2012-01-01

226

Development of an accelerated test method for the determination of susceptibility to atmospheric corrosion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The theoretical rationale is presented for use of a repetitive cyclic current reversal voltammetric technique for characterization of localized corrosion processes, including atmospheric corrosion. Applicability of this proposed experimental protocol is applied to characterization of susceptibility to crevice and pitting corrosion, atmospheric corrosion and stress corrosion cracking. Criteria upon which relative susceptibility is based were determined and tested using two iron based alloys commonly in use at NASA-Kennedy; A36 (a low carbon steel) and 4130 (a low alloy steel). Practicality of the procedure was demonstrated by measuring changes in anodic polarization behavior during high frequency current reversal cycles of 25 cycles per second with 1 mA/sq cm current density amplitude in solutions containing Cl anions. The results demonstrated that, due to excessive polarization which affects conductivity of barrier corrosion product layers, A36 was less resistant to atmospheric corrosion than its 4130 counterpart; behavior which was also demonstrated during exposure tests.

Ambrose, John R.

1991-01-01

227

A rapid stress-corrosion test for aluminum alloys  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Stressed alloy specimens are immersed in a salt-dichromate solution at 60 degrees C. Because of the minimal general corrosion of these alloys in this solution, stress corrosion failures are detected by low-power microscopic examination.

Helfrich, W. J.

1968-01-01

228

Status of proof-of-concept testing at the Coal Fired Flow Facility  

SciTech Connect

Results of the POC testing at the DOE Coal Fired Flow Facility (CFFF) during calendar year 1988 are summarized. Emphasis is on the development of technology for the steam bottoming plant for the MHD Steam Combined Cycle power plant. The first 500 hours of corrosion testing on candidate boiler tubes were completed and preliminary results are discussed. Ash deposition and efforts to improve the removal of deposits by sootblowers are outlined. Results of testing the particulate control devices (baghouse and ESP) are included. Finally, plans for future testing are presented. 9 figs.

Attig, R.C.; Sanders, M.E.; Chapman, J.N.

1989-01-01

229

Space power distribution system technology. Volume 3: Test facility design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The AMPS test facility is a major tool in the attainment of more economical space power. The ultimate goals of the test facility, its primary functional requirements and conceptual design, and the major equipment it contains are discussed.

Decker, D. K.; Cannady, M. D.; Cassinelli, J. E.; Farber, B. F.; Lurie, C.; Fleck, G. W.; Lepisto, J. W.; Messner, A.; Ritterman, P. F.

1983-01-01

230

Central Receiver Test Facility Control and Data Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The central Receiver test Facility (CRTF) is the primary solar test facility for the Department of Energy and is operated by Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico. The multiple minicomputer control and data systems utilized in CRTF are described. (...

D. B. Davis

1979-01-01

231

7. Historic aerial photo of rocket engine test facility complex, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Historic aerial photo of rocket engine test facility complex, June 1962. On file at NASA Plumbrook Research Center, Sandusky, Ohio. NASA GRC photo number C-60674. - Rocket Engine Testing Facility, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

232

A study on corrosion test methods for automotive steel sheet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The corrosion behavior of an automobile body caused by de-icing salt was classified into various corrosion phenomena, of which paint exfoliation and perforation were studied fundamentally. There are 2 types of paint exfoliation. One is paint adhesion, where underfilm corrosion plays a decisive role. Another is wet adhesion, where water immersion through the paint film into the paint\\/substrate interface is

Y. Miyoshi; M. Kitayama; Y. Ito; H. Koyahara

1984-01-01

233

Relationships between stress corrosion cracking tests and utility operating experience  

SciTech Connect

Several utility steam generator and stress corrosion cracking databases are synthesized with the view of identifying the crevice chemistry that is most consistent with the plant cracking data. Superheated steam and neutral solution environments are found to be inconsistent with the large variations in the observed SCC between different plants, different support plates within a plant, and different crevice locations. While the eddy current response of laboratory tests performed with caustic chemistries approximates the response of the most extensively affected steam generator tubes, the crack propagation kinetics in these tests differ horn plant experience. The observations suggest that there is a gradual conversion of the environment responsible for most steam generator ODSCC from a concentrated, alkaline-forming solution to a progressively more steam-enriched environment.

Baum, Allen

1999-10-22

234

Fighting Corrosion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reinforced concrete structures such as bridges, parking decks, and balconies are designed to have a service life of over 50 years. All too often, however, many structures fall short of this goal, requiring expensive repairs and protection work earlier than anticipated. The corrosion of reinforced steel within the concrete infrastructure is a major cause for this premature deterioration. Such corrosion is a particularly dangerous problem for the facilities at NASA s Kennedy Space Center. Located near the Atlantic Ocean in Florida, Kennedy is based in one of the most corrosive-prone areas in the world. In order to protect its launch support structures, highways, pipelines, and other steel-reinforced concrete structures, Kennedy engineers developed the Galvanic Liquid Applied Coating System. The system utilizes an inorganic coating material that slows or stops the corrosion of reinforced steel members inside concrete structures. Early tests determined that the coating meets the criteria of the National Association of Corrosion Engineers for complete protection of steel rebar embedded in concrete. Testing is being continued at the Kennedy's Materials Science Beach Corrosion Test Site.

2004-01-01

235

CORROSION STUDY FOR THE EFFLUENT TREATMENT FACILITY (ETF) CHROME (VI) REDUCTANT SOLUTION USING 304 & 316L STAINLESS STEEL  

SciTech Connect

The Effluent Treatment Facility has developed a method to regenerate spent resin from the groundwater pump and treat intercepting chrome(VI) plumes (RPP-RPT-32207, Laboratory Study on Regeneration of Spent DOWEX 21K 16-20 Mesh Ion Exchange Resin). Subsequent laboratory studies have shown that the chrome(VI) may be reduced to chrome(III) by titrating with sodium metabisulfite to an oxidation reduction potential (ORP) of +280 mV at a pH of 2. This test plan describes the use of cyclic potentiodynamic polarization and linear polarization techniques to ascertain the electrochemical corrosion and pitting propensity of the 304 and 316L stainless steel in the acidified reducing the solution that will be contained in either the secondary waste receiver tank or concentrate tank.

DUNCAN, J.B.

2007-06-27

236

Development of an In-Core Stress Corrosion Cracking Test Method and Preliminary Test Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

An in-core stress corrosion cracking (SCC) test method was developed using internally gas-pressurized tubular specimens and extensometers to detect specimen failure. Specimens of this type can simulate a constant load or a dynamic load during irradiation in the reactor. Results showed the method successfully detected specimen failure during irradiation. Effects of normal water chemistry (NWC) and hydrogen water chemistry (HWC)

C. Vitanza; T. M. Karlsen; T. Onchi; M. Mayuzumi; K. Hide

1999-01-01

237

Corrosion test on candidate waste package basket materials for the Yucca Mountain project  

SciTech Connect

A scoping corrosion test was performed on candidate waste package basket materials in order to assist in selecting materials for package design and to help in designing longer-term corrosion tests. The corrosion solution was buffered near pH4, was in contact with air, and contained chemical species expected to be produced by radiolysis. The test was conducted at 90 C for 96 hours. Samples included aluminum-, copper-, stainless steel-, and zirconium-based metallic materials and several ceramics, incorporating neutron absorber elements. Sample weight losses and solution chemical changes were measured. Both corrosion of the host materials and dissolution of the neutron absorber elements were studied.

Van Konynenburg, R.A.; Curtis, P.G.

1996-01-01

238

Software regression testing: practical experience at the ALMA test facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) is a joint project between astronomical organizations in Europe, North America, and Japan. ALMA will consist of at least 50 twelve meter antennas operating in the millimeter and submillimeter wavelength range. It will be located at an altitude above 5000m in the Chilean Atacama desert. The ALMA Test Facility (ATF), located in New Mexico, USA, is a proving ground for development and testing of hardware, software, commissioning and operational procedure. At the ATF emphasis has shifted from hardware testing to software and operational functionality. The support of the varied goals of the ATF requires stable control software and at the same time flexibility for integrating newly developed features. For this purpose regression testing has been introduced in the form of a semi-automated procedure. This supplements the established offline testing and focuses on operational functionality as well as verifying that previously fixed faults did not re-emerge. The regression tests are carried out on a weekly basis as a compromise between the developers' response- and the available technical time. The frequent feedback allows the validation of submitted fixes and the prompt detection of sideeffects and reappearing issues. Results of nine months are presented that show the evolution of test outcomes, supporting the conclusion that the regression testing helped to improve the speed of convergence towards stable releases at the ATF. They also provided an opportunity to validate newly developed or re-factored software at an early stage at the test facility, supporting its eventual integration. Hopefully this regression test procedure will be adapted to commissioning operations in Chile.

Lopez, B.; Araya, R.; Barriga, N.; Burgos, P.; Harrington, S.; Juerges, T.; Kern, J.; Sepulveda, J.; Soto, R.; Troncoso, N.; Zambrano, M.

2008-08-01

239

Defense Waste Processing Facility canister impact testing  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes impact testing of seven Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) high level waste canisters during FY 1988. Impact testing was conducted to demonstrate compliance of DWPF canisters with the drop test specification of the Waste Acceptance Preliminary Specification. The prototypical stainless steel canisters were filled with simulated waste to about 85% capacity at Savannah River Laboratory (SRL). They were received from SRL in April 1988. Each canister was approximately 300 cm (9 ft 10 in.) long, and 61 cm (2 ft) in diameter, and weighed about 2150 kg (4740 lb). Each canister was dropped twice from a height of 7 m (23 ft). The first drop was a vertical bottom impact where the bottom of the canister was oriented parallel to the impact pad. The second was a center-of-gravity-over-the-corner top impact. Procedures used to examine the canisters were the application and analysis of strain circles, helium leak testing, dye penetrant examination, and canister dimensional measurements. 39 refs., 39 figs., 11 tabs.

Olson, K.M.; Alzheimer, J.M.

1989-09-01

240

Integrated Disposal Facility FY2010 Glass Testing Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory was contracted by Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC to provide the technical basis for estimating radionuclide release from the engineered portion of the disposal facility (e.g., source term). Vitrifying the low-activity waste at Hanford is expected to generate over 1.6 × 105 m3 of glass (Puigh 1999). The volume of immobilized low-activity waste (ILAW) at Hanford is the largest in the DOE complex and is one of the largest inventories (approximately 0.89 × 1018 Bq total activity) of long-lived radionuclides, principally 99Tc (t1/2 = 2.1 × 105), planned for disposal in a low-level waste (LLW) facility. Before the ILAW can be disposed, DOE must conduct a performance assessement (PA) for the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF) that describes the long-term impacts of the disposal facility on public health and environmental resources. As part of the ILAW glass testing program PNNL is implementing a strategy, consisting of experimentation and modeling, in order to provide the technical basis for estimating radionuclide release from the glass waste form in support of future IDF PAs. The purpose of this report is to summarize the progress made in fiscal year (FY) 2010 toward implementing the strategy with the goal of developing an understanding of the long-term corrosion behavior of low-activity waste glasses. The emphasis in FY2010 was the completing an evaluation of the most sensitive kinetic rate law parameters used to predict glass weathering, documented in Bacon and Pierce (2010), and transitioning from the use of the Subsurface Transport Over Reactive Multi-phases to Subsurface Transport Over Multiple Phases computer code for near-field calculations. The FY2010 activities also consisted of developing a Monte Carlo and Geochemical Modeling framework that links glass composition to alteration phase formation by 1) determining the structure of unreacted and reacted glasses for use as input information into Monte Carlo calculations, 2) compiling the solution data and alteration phases identified from accelerated weathering tests conducted with ILAW glass by PNNL and Viteous State Laboratory/Catholic University of America as well as other literature sources for use in geochemical modeling calculations, and 3) conducting several initial calculations on glasses that contain the four major components of ILAW-Al2O3, B2O3, Na2O, and SiO2.

Pierce, Eric M.; Bacon, Diana H.; Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Windisch, Charles F.; Cantrell, Kirk J.; Valenta, Michelle M.; Burton, Sarah D.; Serne, R Jeffrey; Mattigod, Shas V.

2010-09-30

241

Development of a Hall thruster test facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present thesis details the development of a Hall thruster test facility for low power (<600 W) thrusters. The facility is based on a vacuum chamber, two standard cryogenic pumps and one modified cryogenic pump. The modified cryogenic pump is outfitted with custom built internal components, which are referred to as a cryosail. Estimation as well as measurement of pumping speeds of the two cryogenic pumps and cryosail were conducted resulting in an overall measured pumping speed of 10,500 L/s for Xenon. The ultimate base pressure of the system was 4x10-8 Torr. A SPT-70 Hall thruster was operated at various conditions and set points to include fine tuning the current to the magnets to find efficient thruster operation. Ion current densities at points downstream of the thruster's exit plane were examined by a Faraday probe. Although operation at nominal thruster operating conditions was not achieved, likely due to a problem with magnetic coils, the thruster operation did allow preliminary measurements by Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy of sputtered Boron originating from the thruster channel wall.

Leach, Randolph W.

242

Stress Corrosion Tests of Stainless Steels Etude des Tests de Corrosion Sous Contrainte des Aciers Inoxydables.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tests were carried out in MgCl2 and NaCl solutions of various concentrations, in a 60% CaCl2 solution, and in a 60% LiCl solution. The influence of oxygen was also investigated. Austenitic, ferritic, and austeno-ferritic stainless steels of various concen...

M. Colombie

1974-01-01

243

Survey of aircraft icing simulation test facilities in North America  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A survey was made of the aircraft icing simulation facilities in North America: there are 12 wind tunnels, 28 engine test facilities, 6 aircraft tankers and 14 low velocity facilities, that perform aircraft icing tests full or part time. The location and size of the facility, its speed and temperature range, icing cloud parameters, and the technical person to contact are surveyed. Results are presented in tabular form. The capabilities of each facility were estimated by its technical contact person. The adequacy of these facilities for various types of icing tests is discussed.

Olsen, W.

1981-01-01

244

FFTF (Fast Flux Test Facility) cobalt test assembly results  

SciTech Connect

A cobalt test assembly containing yttrium hydride pins for neutron moderation was irradiated in the Fast Flux Test Facility during Cycle 9A for 137.7 equivalent full power days at a power level of 291 MW. The 36 test pins consisted of a batch of 32 pins containing cobalt metal to produce Co-60, and a set of 4 pins with europium oxide to produce Gd-153, a radioisotope used in detection of the bone disease Osteoporosis. Post-irradiation examination of the cobalt pins determined the Co-60 produced with an accuracy of about 5%. The measured Co-60 spatially distributed concentrations were within 20% of the calculated concentrations. The assembly average Co-60 measured activity was 4% less than the calculated value. The europium oxide pins were gamma scanned for the europium isotopes Eu-152 and Eu-154 to an absolute accuracy of about 10%. The measured europium radioisotope and Gd-153 concentrations were within 20% of calculated values. In conclusion, the hydride assembly performed well and is an excellent vehicle for many Fast Flux Test Facility isotope production applications. The results also demonstrate that the calculational methods developed by the Westinghouse Hanford Company are very accurate. 4 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Rawlins, J.A.; Wootan, D.W.; Carter, L.L.; Brager, H.R.; Schenter, R.E.

1987-10-01

245

SLAC low emittance accelerator test facility  

SciTech Connect

SLAC is proposing to build a new Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) capable of producing a 50 MeV electron beam with an extremely low geometric tranverse emittance (1.5 x 10/sup -10/ rad.m) for the purpose of testing new methods of acceleration. The low emittance will be achieved by assembling a linear accelerator using one standard SLAC three-meter section and a 400 kV electron gun with a very small photocathode (40 microns in diameter). The photocathode will be illuminated from the back by short bursts (on the order of 6 ps) of visible laser light which will produce bunches of about 10/sup 5/ electrons. Higher currents could be obtained by illuminating the cathode from the front. The gun will be mounted directly against the accelerator section. Calculations show that in the absence of an rf buncher, injection of these 400 keV small radius electron bunches roughly 30/sup 0/ ahead of crest produces negligible transverse emittance growth due to radial rf forces. Acceleration of the electrons up to 50 MeV followed by collimation, energy slits and focusing will provide a 3.2 mm long waist of under 1.5 ..mu..m in diameter where laser acceleration and other techniques can be tested.

Loew, G.A.; Miller, R.H.; Sinclair, C.K.

1986-05-01

246

System overview of the NASA Dryden Integrated Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Integrated Test Facility, built at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Facility, provides new real-time test capabilities for emerging research aircraft. An overview of the test facility and the real-time systems developed to operate this unique facility is presented. The facility will reduce flight test risk by minimizing the difference between the flight and ground test environments. This ground test environment is provided by combining real-time flight simulation with the actual aircraft. A brief introduction to the facility is followed by a discussion of the generic capabilities of its real-time systems. The simulation system with flight hardware and the remotely augmented vehicle system is described. An overview of many hardware systems developed for the facility follows. The benefits of applying simulation to hardware-in-the-loop testing on the X-31 Flight Research Program are presented.

Binkley, Robert L.; Mackall, Dale

1992-01-01

247

Oceanic corrosion test of bare and zinc-protected aluminum alloys for seawater heat exchangers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bare 3004 tubes, 7072 Alclad 3004 tubes, and bare and zinc diffusion treated 3003 extrusions from a brazed aluminum, plate-fin heat exchanger were exposed to 1.8 m/sec flowing seawater aboard an open ocean test facility moored 3.4 km off the southeast coast of Puerto Rico. After six months exposure, the average corrosion rates for most varieties of aluminum materials converged to a low value of 0.015 mm/yr (0.6 mils/yr). Pitting did not occur in bare 3003 and 3004 samples during the six month test. Pitting did occur to varying degrees in the Alclad and zinc diffusion treated material, but did not penetrate to the base metal. Biofouling countermeasures (intermittent chlorination and brushing) did not affect the corrosion rates to any significant extent. Intermittent chlorination at a level of 0.5 ppm for 28 minutes daily controlled microbiofouling of the samples but did not prevent the development of a macrobiofouling community in areas of the plumbing with low flow.

Sasscer, D. S.; Morgan, T. O.; Rivera, C.; Ernst, R.; Scott, A. C.; Summerson, T. J.

1982-01-01

248

Safety Test of Flare Extrusion Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A recent accident in the flare extrusion facility fatally burned the press operator. During restoration of the facility, several additional safety features were incorporated. Tangible proof that the changes were adequate was desired. Permission to conduct...

J. Richardson

1969-01-01

249

Operation of the hot test loop facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this project is to obtain the available experimental data and to develop the measuring techniques through taking full advantage of the facilities. The facilities operated by the thermal hydraulics department have been maintained and repai...

M. K. Cheong C. K. Park S. Y. Won S. K. Yang J. W. Cheong

1994-01-01

250

ANL advanced accelerator test facility. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

A facility is presently being constructed which can measure transverse and longitudinal wake fields in structures and media. Initial experiments with cavities and plasma are being directed at systems which could be applied to a high energy linear collider, although other experiments should be possible. The facility will eventually operate as a user facility.

Konecny, R.; MacLachlan, J.; Norem, J.; Ruggiero, A.G.; Schoessow, P.; Simpson, J.

1986-01-01

251

Corrosion tests in brine and steam from the Salton Sea KGRA  

SciTech Connect

The Bureau of Mines tested 13 alloys for resistance to general corrosion, pitting corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking in the brine and steam environments produced from geothermal well Magmamax 1 in the Salton Sea Known Geothermal Resources Area in California. The tests provided seven process environments. The alloys most resistant to corrosion in all environments were Inconel 625, Hastelloy C-276, and stainless steel alloy 29-4. Hastelloys G and S were highly resistant to all types of corrosion decreases with time. The stainless steel alloys 430, E-Brite 26-1, and 6X had good resistance to general corrosion but were susceptible to pitting. Unstressed type 316 L stainless steel exhibited severe cracking. The 1020 carbon and 4130 alloy steels were the least resistant.

Carter, J.P.; McCawley, F.X.

1982-03-01

252

Predicting and Mitigating Corrosion Related Damage in Geothermal Facilities, Phase-I  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion related damage (CRD) is probably the most important and costly damage mechanism for components operating in geothermal fields. This problem is further complicated as steam chemistry in such fields changes continuously with season, time, and load. Unfortunately, such changes are not predictable. The problem is further complicated in the area where early condensate (first moisture) forms. The chemistry of these first droplets is significantly different from that of built steam and this, again, cannot be predicted with reasonable accuracy. Therefore, a formidable challenge facing the geothermal field operators remains in knowing the chemistry of the condensate and, more importantly, how it affects specific field equipment such as rotor, piping, valves, etc. This project showed that testing in such an environment is feasible and concluded that continuous monitoring of steam conditions is needed to detect and prevent conditions leading to CRD of components. This project also developed tools and techniques for continuous monitoring of corrosion potential and detection of pitting events.

M. Shirmohamadi; S. Bratt; J. Ridgely

2000-08-25

253

Nuclear thermal propulsion test facility requirements and development strategy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) subpanel of the Space Nuclear Propulsion Test Facilities Panel evaluated facility requirements and strategies for nuclear thermal propulsion systems development. High pressure, solid core concepts were considered as the baseline for the evaluation, with low pressure concepts an alternative. The work of the NTP subpanel revealed that a wealth of facilities already exists to support NTP development, and that only a few new facilities must be constructed. Some modifications to existing facilities will be required. Present funding emphasis should be on long-lead-time items for the major new ground test facility complex and on facilities supporting nuclear fuel development, hot hydrogen flow test facilities, and low power critical facilities.

Allen, George C.; Warren, John; Clark, J. S.

1991-01-01

254

Los Alamos studies of the Nevada test site facilities for the testing of nuclear rockets  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The topics are presented in viewgraph form and include the following: Nevada test site geographic location; location of NRDA facilities, area 25; assessment program plan; program goal, scope, and process -- the New Nuclear Rocket Program; nuclear rocket engine test facilities; EMAD Facility; summary of final assessment results; ETS-1 Facility; and facilities cost summary.

Hynes, Michael V.

1993-01-01

255

Dynamic Response Testing in an Electrically Heated Reactor Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Non-nuclear testing can be a valuable tool in development of a space nuclear power or propulsion system. In a non-nuclear test bed, electric heaters are used to simulate the heat from nuclear fuel. Standard testing allows one to fully assess thermal, heat transfer, and stress related attributes of a given system, but fails to demonstrate the dynamic response that would be present in an integrated, fueled reactor system. The integration of thermal hydraulic hardware tests with simulated neutronic response provides a bridge between electrically heated testing and full nuclear testing. By implementing a neutronic response model to simulate the dynamic response that would be expected in a fueled reactor system, one can better understand system integration issues, characterize integrated system response times and response characteristics, and assess potential design improvements at a relatively small fiscal investment. Initial system dynamic response testing was demonstrated on the integrated SAFE-100a heat pipe cooled, electrically heated reactor and heat exchanger hardware, utilizing a one-group solution to the point kinetics equations to simulate the expected neutronic response of the system (Bragg-Sitton, 2005). The current paper applies the same testing methodology to a direct drive gas cooled reactor system, demonstrating the applicability of the testing methodology to any reactor type and demonstrating the variation in system response characteristics in different reactor concepts. In each testing application, core power transients were controlled by a point kinetics model with reactivity feedback based on core average temperature; the neutron generation time and the temperature feedback coefficient are provided as model inputs. Although both system designs utilize a fast spectrum reactor, the method of cooling the reactor differs significantly, leading to a variable system response that can be demonstrated and assessed in a non-nuclear test facility.

Bragg-Sitton, Shannon M.; Morton, T. J.

2006-01-01

256

USDI DCS technical support: Mississippi Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of the technical support effort is to provide hardware and data processing support to DCS users so that application of the system may be simply and effectively implemented. Technical support at Mississippi Test Facility (MTF) is concerned primarily with on-site hardware. The first objective of the DCP hardware support was to assure that standard measuring apparatus and techniques used by the USGS could be adapted to the DCS. The second objective was to try to standardize the miscellaneous variety of parameters into a standard instrument set. The third objective was to provide the necessary accessories to simplify the use and complement the capabilities of the DCP. The standard USGS sites have been interfaced and are presently operating. These sites are stream gauge, ground water level and line operated quality of water. Evapotranspiration, meteorological and battery operated quality of water sites are planned for near future DCP operation. Three accessories which are under test or development are the Chu antenna, solar power supply and add-on memory. The DCP has proven to be relatively easy to interface with many monitors. The large antenna is awkward to install and transport. The DCS has met the original requirements well; it has and is proving that an operation, satellite-based data collection system is feasible.

Preble, D. M.

1975-01-01

257

EFFLUENT TREATMENT FACILITY PEROXIDE DESTRUCTION CATALYST TESTING  

SciTech Connect

The 200 Area Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF) main treatment train includes the peroxide destruction module (PDM) where the hydrogen peroxide residual from the upstream ultraviolet light/hydrogen peroxide oxidation unit is destroyed. Removal of the residual peroxide is necessary to protect downstream membranes from the strong oxidizer. The main component of the PDM is two reaction vessels utilizing granular activated carbon (GAC) as the reaction media. The PDM experienced a number of operability problems, including frequent plugging, and has not been utilized since the ETF changed to groundwater as the predominant feed. The unit seemed to be underperforming in regards to peroxide removal during the early periods of operation as well. It is anticipated that a functional PDM will be required for wastewater from the vitrification plant and other future streams. An alternate media or methodology needs to be identified to replace the GAC in the PDMs. This series of bench scale tests is to develop information to support an engineering study on the options for replacement of the existing GAC method for peroxide destruction at the ETF. A number of different catalysts will be compared as well as other potential methods such as strong reducing agents. The testing should lead to general conclusions on the viability of different catalysts and identify candidates for further study and evaluation.

HALGREN DL

2008-07-30

258

Solar Thermal Propulsion Test Facility at MSFC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph shows an overall view of the Solar Thermal Propulsion Test Facility at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The 20-by 24-ft heliostat mirror, shown at the left, has dual-axis control that keeps a reflection of the sunlight on an 18-ft diameter concentrator mirror (right). The concentrator mirror then focuses the sunlight to a 4-in focal point inside the vacuum chamber, shown at the front of concentrator mirror. Researchers at MSFC have designed, fabricated, and tested the first solar thermal engine, a non-chemical rocket engine that produces lower thrust but has better thrust efficiency than chemical a combustion engine. MSFC turned to solar thermal propulsion in the early 1990s due to its simplicity, safety, low cost, and commonality with other propulsion systems. Solar thermal propulsion works by acquiring and redirecting solar energy to heat a propell nt. As part of MSFC's Space Transportation Directorate, the Propulsion Research Center serves as a national resource for research of advanced, revolutionary propulsion technologies. The mission is to move the Nation's capabilities beyond the confines of conventional chemical propulsion into an era of aircraft-like access to Earth-orbit, rapid travel throughout the solar system, and exploration of interstellar space.

1999-01-01

259

High-temperature gas stream cleanup test facility  

SciTech Connect

The high-temperature gas stream cleanup facility at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center will provide a versatile platform for testing novel hot gas cleanup filtration concepts. The facility will be available for joint ventures with CRADA partners.

Ontko, J.; Chiang, T.

1995-12-01

260

Overview of NRL's Maritime Laser Communication Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NRL has established a 20 mile round trip laser communication test facility across the Chesapeake Bay for investigating lasercomm performance in a maritime environment. Experiments at this facility have successfully demonstrated links at data rates up to 2...

C. I. Moore H. R. Burris L. Wasiczko M. R. Suite W. S. Rabinovich

2005-01-01

261

WIND TURBINE DRIVETRAIN TEST FACILITY DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Wind Turbine Drivetrain Test Facility (WTDTF) is a state-of-the-art industrial facility used for testing wind turbine drivetrains and generators. Large power output wind turbines are primarily installed for off-shore wind power generation. The facility includes two test bays: one to accommodate turbine nacelles up to 7.5 MW and one for nacelles up to 15 MW. For each test bay,

2012-01-01

262

Corrosion testing of spent nuclear fuel performed at Argonne National Laboratory for repository acceptance  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion tests of DOE-owned spent nuclear fuel are performed at Argonne National Laboratory to support the license application for the Yucca Mountain Repository. The tests are designed to determine corrosion rates and degradation products formed when fuel is reacted at elevated temperature in different aqueous environments, including vapor, dripping water, submersion, and liquid film contact. Corrosion rates are determined from the quantity of radionuclides released from wetted fuel and from the weight loss of the test fuel specimen as a function of time. Degradation products include secondary mineral phases and dissolved, adsorbed, and colloidal species. Solid phase examinations determine fuel/mineral interface relationships, characterize radionuclide incorporation into secondary phases, and determine corrosion mechanisms at grain interfaces within the fuel. Leachate solution analyses quantify released radionuclides and determine the size and charge distribution of colloids. This paper presents selected results from corrosion tests on metallic fuels.

Goldberg, M. M.

2000-07-20

263

Corrosion Embrittlement of Duralumin V : Results of Weather-Exposure Tests  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In a series of weather exposure tests of sheet duralumin, upon which accelerated corrosion tests in the laboratory by the wet-and-dry corrosion method in a sodium chloride solution has already been carried out, a close parallelism between the results of the two kinds of tests was found to exist. The exposure tests showed that the lack of permanence of sheet duralumin is largely, if not entirely, due to corrosion. A corrosion attack of an intercrystalline nature is very largely responsible for the degree of embrittlement produced. The rate of embrittlement was greatly accelerated by a marine atmosphere and by the tropical climate. Variations in corrosion and embrittlement are noted in relation to heat treatment, cold working, and types of protective coatings.

Rawdon, Henry S

1929-01-01

264

Corrosion embrittlement of duralumin V : results of weather-exposure tests  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In a series of weather exposure tests of sheet duralumin, upon which accelerated corrosion tests in the laboratory by the wet-and-dry corrosion method in a sodium chloride solution has already been carried out, a close parallelism between the results of the two kinds of tests was found to exist. The exposure tests showed that the lack of permanence of sheet duralumin is largely, if not entirely, due to corrosion. A corrosion attack of an intercrystalline nature is very largely responsible for the degree of embrittlement produced. The rate of embrittlement was greatly accelerated by a marine atmosphere and by the tropical climate. Variations in corrosion and embrittlement are noted in relation to heat treatment, cold working, and types of protective coatings.

Rawdon, Henry S

1929-01-01

265

Using the NPSS Environment to Model an Altitude Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An altitude test facility was modeled using Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS). This altitude test facility model represents the most detailed facility model developed in the NPSS architecture. The current paper demonstrates the use of the NPSS system to define the required operating range of a component for the facility. A significant number of additional component models were easily developed to complete the model. Discussed in this paper are the additional components developed and what was done in the development of these components.

Lavelle, Thomas M.; Owen, Albert K.; Huffman, Brian C.

2013-01-01

266

NASA Johnson Space Center: White Sands Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the testing facilities and laboratories available at the White Sands Test Facility (WSTF). The mission of WSTF is to provide the expertise and infrastructure to test and evaluate spacecraft materials, components and propulsion systems that enable the safe exploration and use of space. There are nine rocket test stands in two major test areas, six altitude test stands, three ambient test stands,

Aggarwal, Pravin; Kowalski, Robert R.

2011-01-01

267

Preparation of an Accelerated Protection Test Method for Lubricants, Corrosion Preventives and Hydraulic Fluids.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An accelerated condensation protection test method was prepared for publication as a standard method in Federal Test Method Standard No. 791. The method was established by determining the protective life of twenty-two samples of corrosion preventive oils,...

R. E. Johnson

1973-01-01

268

Laboratory Tests to Evaluate the Performance of Corrosion Inhibitors for Road De-Icing Salt.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes laboratory experiments to evaluate three proprietary corrosion inhibitors as additives to road de-icing salt. Test panels of both bare and painted mild steel were used; tests were carried out employing first an intermittent salt spray...

D. E. Steed

1969-01-01

269

Dynamic Response Testing in an Electrically Heated Reactor Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

Non-nuclear testing can be a valuable tool in the development of a space nuclear power or propulsion system. In a non-nuclear test bed, electric heaters are used to simulate the heat from nuclear fuel. Standard testing allows one to fully assess thermal, heat transfer, and stress related attributes of a given system, but fails to demonstrate the dynamic response that would be present in an integrated, fueled reactor system. The integration of thermal hydraulic hardware tests with simulated neutronic response provides a bridge between electrically heated testing and fueled nuclear testing. By implementing a neutronic response model to simulate the dynamic response that would be expected in a fueled reactor system, one can better understand system integration issues, characterize integrated system response times and response characteristics, and assess potential design improvements at a relatively small fiscal investment. Initial system dynamic response testing was demonstrated on the integrated SAFE-100a heat pipe (HP) cooled, electrically heated reactor and heat exchanger hardware, utilizing a one-group solution to the point kinetics equations to simulate the expected neutronic response of the system. Reactivity feedback calculations were then based on a bulk reactivity feedback coefficient and measured average core temperature. This paper presents preliminary results from similar dynamic testing of a direct drive gas cooled reactor system (DDG), demonstrating the applicability of the testing methodology to any reactor type and demonstrating the variation in system response characteristics in different reactor concepts. Although the HP and DDG designs both utilize a fast spectrum reactor, the method of cooling the reactor differs significantly, leading to a variable system response that can be demonstrated and assessed in a non-nuclear test facility. Planned system upgrades to allow implementation of higher fidelity dynamic testing are also discussed. Proposed DDG testing will utilize a higher fidelity point kinetics model to control core power transients, and reactivity feedback will be based on localized feedback coefficients and several independent temperature measurements taken within the core block. This paper presents preliminary test results and discusses the methodology that will be implemented in follow-on DDG testing and the additional instrumentation required to implement high fidelity dynamic testing.

Bragg-Sitton, Shannon M. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Nuclear and Advanced Propulsion Branch, ER-11, MSFC, AL 35812 (United States); Morton, T. J. [Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (United States)

2006-01-20

270

Dynamic Response Testing in an Electrically Heated Reactor Test Facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Non-nuclear testing can be a valuable tool in the development of a space nuclear power or propulsion system. In a non-nuclear test bed, electric heaters are used to simulate the heat from nuclear fuel. Standard testing allows one to fully assess thermal, heat transfer, and stress related attributes of a given system, but fails to demonstrate the dynamic response that would be present in an integrated, fueled reactor system. The integration of thermal hydraulic hardware tests with simulated neutronic response provides a bridge between electrically heated testing and fueled nuclear testing. By implementing a neutronic response model to simulate the dynamic response that would be expected in a fueled reactor system, one can better understand system integration issues, characterize integrated system response times and response characteristics, and assess potential design improvements at a relatively small fiscal investment. Initial system dynamic response testing was demonstrated on the integrated SAFE-100a heat pipe (HP) cooled, electrically heated reactor and heat exchanger hardware, utilizing a one-group solution to the point kinetics equations to simulate the expected neutronic response of the system. Reactivity feedback calculations were then based on a bulk reactivity feedback coefficient and measured average core temperature. This paper presents preliminary results from similar dynamic testing of a direct drive gas cooled reactor system (DDG), demonstrating the applicability of the testing methodology to any reactor type and demonstrating the variation in system response characteristics in different reactor concepts. Although the HP and DDG designs both utilize a fast spectrum reactor, the method of cooling the reactor differs significantly, leading to a variable system response that can be demonstrated and assessed in a non-nuclear test facility. Planned system upgrades to allow implementation of higher fidelity dynamic testing are also discussed. Proposed DDG testing will utilize a higher fidelity point kinetics model to control core power transients, and reactivity feedback will be based on localized feedback coefficients and several independent temperature measurements taken within the core block. This paper presents preliminary test results and discusses the methodology that will be implemented in follow-on DDG testing and the additional instrumentation required to implement high fidelity dynamic testing.

Bragg-Sitton, Shannon M.; Morton, T. J.

2006-01-01

271

Field Test of High Temperature Corrosion Sensors in a Waste to Energy Plant  

SciTech Connect

A field trial of electrochemical corrosion rate sensors was conducted over a five month period to monitor fireside corrosion in a waste to energy (WTE) plant. The unique 3-electrode air-cooled corrosion sensors, each including a thermocouple to monitor sensor temperature, were installed in four different ports at approximately the same level of the WTE boiler. A total of twelve sensors were tested, six with electrodes using the carbon steel boiler tube material, and six using the nickel-chromium weld overlay alloy for the electrodes. Corrosion rates and temperatures of the sensors were monitored continuously through the trial. Measurements of sensor thickness loss were used to calibrate the electrochemical corrosion rates. Air cooling of the sensors was found to be necessary in order to bring the sensors to the temperature of the boiler tubes, to better match the corrosion rate of the tubes, and to increase survivability of the sensors and thermocouples. Varying the temperature of the sensors simulated corrosion rates of boiler tubes with steam temperatures above and below that in the actual WTE plant. Temperatures of two of the sensors were successfully held at various controlled temperatures close to the steam temperature for a three hour test period. Corrosion rates of the two materials tested were similar although of different magnitude. An expression relating the corrosion rate of the boiler tube material to the corrosion rate of weld overlay was determined for a 7 day period in the middle of the field trial. Results from the field trial suggest that corrosion rate sensors controlled to the outer waterwall temperature can successfully monitor fireside corrosion in WTE plants and be used as a process control variable by plant operators.

Matthes, S.A.; Covino, B.S., Jr.; Bullard, S.J.; Williamson, K.M.

2008-03-16

272

Facile approach in the development of icephobic hierarchically textured coatings as corrosion barrier  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An anti-corrosion superhydrophobic film with water contact angle greater than 160° on aluminum alloy 6061 substrate was fabricated simply through the spin-coating method applied to Al2O3 nanoparticles doped in silicone rubber solution. The as-obtained sample was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and water contact angle/surface energy measurement. The corrosion behaviour of such coating in the NaCl solutions was investigated using the potentiodynamic polarization. The results show that the corrosion resistance of the developed superhydrophobic surface is improved greatly due to the composite wetting states or interfaces with numerous air pockets between its surface and the NaCl solution. This superhydrophobic coating could serve as an effective barrier against aggressive medium. Ice adhesion strength of the as-prepared superhydrophobic coating was also evaluated by measuring its ice adhesion force which was found to have reduced by 4.8 times compared to that of aluminum substrate as reference test.

Momen, G.; Farzaneh, M.

2014-04-01

273

New stray light test facility and initial results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

BATC has developed a new stray light test facility (SLTF) and performed initial tests demonstrating its capabilities. The facility interior is nearly all black and is a Class 5 cleanroom. Coupled with a double cylindrical chamber that reflects the specular light away from the instrument under test, the stray light control in the facility is excellent. The facility was designed to be able to test a wide variety of instruments at a range of source angles from in-field to large off-axis angles. Test results have demonstrated PST performance below 1E-9.

Fleming, John; Grochocki, Frank; Finch, Tim; Willis, Stew; Kaptchen, Paul

2008-08-01

274

A Capable and Temporary Test Facility on a Shoestring Budget: The MSL Touchdown Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Mars Science Laboratory mission (MSL) has undertaken a developmental Touchdown Test Program that utilizes a full-scale rover vehicle and an overhead winch system to replicate the skycrane landing event. Landing surfaces consisting of flat and sloped granular media, planar, rigid surfaces, and various combinations of rocks and slopes were studied. Information gathered from these tests was vital for validating the rover analytical model, validating certain design or system behavior assumptions, and for exploring events and phenomenon that are either very difficult or too costly to model in a credible way. This paper describes this test program, with a focus on the creation of test facility, daily test operations, and some of the challenges faced and lessons learned along the way.

White, Christopher V.; Frankovich, John K.; Yates, Philip; Wells, George, Jr.; Robert, Losey

2008-01-01

275

Field corrosion testing and performance of cable shielding materials in soils  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the importance of corrosion resistance in cable-shielding materials, describes the mechanisms of shielding corrosion that occur in buried telephone cable, and evaluates the results of the six-year REA Horry Cooperative buried telephone cable corrosion test. In this study, both active and static cables were included. Withdrawals were made over a six-year period. These cables were evaluated for cable-shielding corrosion. Special attention was paid to the comparative behavior of active and static cables. Results indicate that steel shieldings are most susceptible to the effects of alternating current (AC) in active cables. Results of a wide range of shieldings are presented and evaluated.

Haynes, G.; Baboian, R. (Texas Instruments Inc., Electrochemical and Corrosion Lab., 34 Forest St., Mail Station 10-13, Attleboro, MA (US))

1989-09-01

276

Helium Distribution System for the Large Coil Test Facility (LCTF).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The helium distribution system of the Large Coil Test Facility is designed to establish and maintain the thermal environment of the toroidal array of superconducting magnets throughout the initial test and evaluation period of the test program. The refrig...

C. G. Lawson J. R. May

1977-01-01

277

Design, Fabrication, and Installation of a Particulate Aerodynamic Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the trade-offs and design considerations, component selection criteria, and final design details for a particulate aerodynamic test facility. The design meets a range of performance specifications for the test gas, including test secti...

D. D. Blann K. A. Green L. W. Anderson

1974-01-01

278

High Energy Lightning Simulator (HELS) Test Facility for Testing Explosive Items.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Details of the High Energy Lightning Simulator (HELS) Test Facility for testing missiles, motors, ordnance, and explosive items is described. The HELS Test Facility is designed to simulate the high current, intermediate current, continuing current, and re...

D. W. Bagwell J. D. Craven T. E. Roy

1996-01-01

279

Correlation of steel corrosion in pipe flow with jet impingement and rotating cylinder tests  

SciTech Connect

The relationship of laboratory fluid flow corrosion test techniques to flow-accelerated corrosion in field applications and the parameters required to apply laboratory data effectively in the field were studied. Single-phase, aqueous, sweet corrosion of steel in turbulent pipe flow was correlated to corrosion in jet impingement and rotating cylinder tests. All tests were conducted simultaneously, using the same test fluid to minimize environmental variables and to allow a direct, realistic comparison of test methods. Rotating cylinder electrode corrosion rates did not correlate with pipe flow based on wall shear stress or mass transfer for flow-accelerated corrosion of carbon (C) steel in the environment studied. Jet impingement corrosion rates for the test ring at r/r{sub 0} = 3 correlated with pipe flow based on wall shear stress. The general equation for flow-accelerated corrosion of C steel under turbulent flow conditions in this environment was expressed as: R = a{tau}{sub w}{sup b} where R was the C steel corrosion rate in mm/y and {tau}{sub w} was the wall shear stress in N/m{sup 2}. Effects of solution chemistry were contained in the equation coefficient and exponent and require further experimental definition. The physical fluid and hydrodynamic parameters were included in {tau}{sub w}. Use of wall shear stress as the correlating factor did not imply a shear mechanism for corrosion acceleration. Wall shear stress was found to be a hydrodynamic factor that can be used effectively to relate fluid flow in different geometries, allowing valid comparison of laboratory tests and field operations.

Efird, K.D.; Wright, E.J.; Boros, J.A.; Hailey, T.G. [Exxon Product Research Co., Houston, TX (United States)

1993-12-01

280

Health maintenance facility system effectiveness testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Medical Simulations Working Group conducted a series of medical simulations to evaluate the proposed Health Maintenance Facility (HMF) Preliminary Design Review (PDR) configuration. The goal of these simulations was to test the system effectiveness of the HMF PDR configurations. The objectives of the medical simulations are to (1) ensure fulfillment of requirements with this HMF design, (2) demonstrate the conformance of the system to human engineering design criteria, and (3) determine whether undesirable design or procedural features were introduced into the design. The simulations consisted of performing 6 different medical scenarios with the HMF mockup in the KRUG laboratory. The scenarios included representative medical procedures and used a broad spectrum of HMF equipment and supplies. Scripts were written and simulations performed by medical simulations working group members under observation from others. Data were collected by means of questionnaires, debriefings, and videotapes. Results were extracted and listed in the individual reports. Specific issues and recommendations from each simulation were compiled into the individual reports. General issues regarding the PDR design of the HMF are outlined in the summary report.

Lloyd, Charles W.; Gosbee, John; Bueker, Richard; Kupra, Debra; Ruta, Mary

1993-01-01

281

Counting test facility for the Borexino experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A fundamental breakthrough which opened the way to the realization of the Borexino detector was the demonstration of exceptionally low, unprecedented radioactive contaminations in the liquid scintillator, obtained with its pilot prototype Counting Test Facility. Though of limited dimension, with its 4.8 m3 of active liquid core, CTF has however been a key milestone not only for Borexino, but also for the entire field of the ultra-low background searches. Here, we succinctly remind the motivations, which concurred to lay down the project, as well as the specific radiopurity challenge, which guided the design. After the description of the technical elements of the detector, the main outcomes are summarized, both regarding optical and purity scintillator properties, with special emphasis on the exceptional achievements in term of ultra-low traces of radioactive contaminants. The discussion is completed with the description of how CTF was employed for the pre-qualification of the entire inventory of the Borexino scintillator, confirming also in the final phase of its life its essential role for the success of the overall Borexino solar neutrino program.

Ranucci, G.; Meroni, E.

2014-05-01

282

DEPOSITION TANK CORROSION TESTING FOR ENHANCED CHEMICAL CLEANING POST OXALIC ACID DESTRUCTION  

SciTech Connect

An Enhanced Chemical Cleaning (ECC) process is being developed to aid in the high level waste tank closure at the Savannah River Site. The ECC process uses an advanced oxidation process (AOP) to destroy the oxalic acid that is used to remove residual sludge from a waste tank prior to closure. The AOP process treats the dissolved sludge with ozone to decompose the oxalic acid through reactions with hydroxyl radicals. The effluent from this oxalic acid decomposition is to be sent to a Type III waste tank and may be corrosive to these tanks. As part of the hazardous simulant testing that was conducted at the ECC vendor location, corrosion testing was conducted to determine the general corrosion rate for the deposition tank and to assess the susceptibility to localized corrosion, especially pitting. Both of these factors impact the calculation of hydrogen gas generation and the structural integrity of the tanks, which are considered safety class functions. The testing consisted of immersion and electrochemical testing of A537 carbon steel, the material of construction of Type III tanks, and 304L stainless steel, the material of construction for transfer piping. Tests were conducted in solutions removed from the destruction loop of the prototype ECC set up. Hazardous simulants, which were manufactured at SRNL, were used as representative sludges for F-area and H-area waste tanks. Oxalic acid concentrations of 1 and 2.5% were used to dissolve the sludge as a feed to the ECC process. Test solutions included the uninhibited effluent, as well as the effluent treated for corrosion control. The corrosion control options included mixing with an inhibited supernate and the addition of hydroxide. Evaporation of the uninhibited effluent was also tested since it may have a positive impact on reducing corrosion. All corrosion testing was conducted at 50 C. The uninhibited effluent was found to increase the corrosion rate by an order of magnitude from less than 1 mil per year (mpy) for an inhibited waste to a range of 5 to 23.4 mpy, depending on sludge chemistry. F-area-based effluents were, in general, more corrosive. Effective corrosion control measures included evaporation, hydroxide additions and mixing with supernates containing a representative supernate chemistry (5 M hydroxide and 1.5 M nitrite). Corrosion rates with these measures were generally 0.2 mpy. The A537 carbon steel was found to be susceptible to pitting when the corrosion control measure involved mixing the ECC effluent with a supernate chemistry having minimal inhibitor concentrations (0.5 M hydroxide and 0.3 M nitrite). Corrosion rates in this case were near 1 mpy.

Mickalonis, J.

2011-08-29

283

Facile fabrication of superhydrophobic surface with excellent mechanical abrasion and corrosion resistance on copper substrate by a novel method.  

PubMed

A novel method for controllable fabrication of a superhydrophobic surface with a water contact angle of 162 ± 1° and a sliding angle of 3 ± 0.5° on copper substrate is reported in this Research Article. The facile and low-cost fabrication process is composed from the electrodeposition in traditional Watts bath and the heat-treatment in the presence of (heptadecafluoro-1,1,2,2-tetradecyl) triethoxysilane (AC-FAS). The superhydrophobicity of the fabricated surface results from its pine-cone-like hierarchical micro-nanostructure and the assembly of low-surface-energy fluorinated components on it. The superhydrophobic surface exhibits high microhardness and excellent mechanical abrasion resistance because it maintains superhydrophobicity after mechanical abrasion against 800 grit SiC sandpaper for 1.0 m at the applied pressure of 4.80 kPa. Moreover, the superhydrophobic surface has good chemical stability in both acidic and alkaline environments. The potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy test shows that the as-prepared superhydrophobic surface has excellent corrosion resistance that can provide effective protection for the bare Cu substrate. In addition, the as-prepared superhydrophobic surface has self-cleaning ability. It is believed that the facile and low-cost method offer an effective strategy and promising industrial applications for fabricating superhydrophobic surfaces on various metallic materials. PMID:24796223

Su, Fenghua; Yao, Kai

2014-06-11

284

Field tests of probes for detecting internal corrosion of natural gas transmission pipelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field study was conducted to evaluate the use of electrochemical corrosion rate (ECR) probes for detecting corrosion in environments similar to those found in natural gas transmission pipelines. Results and interpretation will be reported from four different field tests. Flange and flush-mount probes were used in four different environments at a gas-gathering site and one environment but two different

Covino Bernard S. Jr; Sophie J. Bullard; Stephen D. Cramer; Gordon R. Holcomb; M. Ziomek-Moroz; Michael S. Cayard; Russell D. Kane; Brian Meidinger

2005-01-01

285

In field electrochemical evaluation of carbon steel corrosion in a marine test environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to research electrochemical testing technology as applied to in field corrosion evaluation of metallic materials and to study the corrosion behaviors of the materials exposed in different marine regions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The electrode systems for in field electrochemical evaluation of metallic samples are designed and applied to monitor two types of carbon

Ya Nan Luo; Shi Zhe Song; Wei Xian Jin; Lei Han

2009-01-01

286

Modeling of slow strain rate corrosion testing of austenitic stainless steel through continuum damage mechanics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Slow strain rate testing is widely used on stress corrosion cracking research as the basic experimental technique to promote the incidence of cracking and to determine the ranking of susceptibility of dierent alloys in several corrosive environments. With this methodology, however, the assessment of \\

Ivan Napoleão Bastos; José Antonio da Cunha; Ponciano Gomes; Heraldo Silva da Costa

287

Stress corrosion cracking test of expanded steam generator tubes: Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear steam generators are experiencing stress corrosion cracking (SCC) within the mechanically rolled portion of the tube-to-tubesheet joints. The stress corrosion cracking is occurring as a result of high residual stresses caused by several things, including omitted steps, over or under rolling, laps in the rolling, and rolling in grossly oversized holes. A series of tests were performed to demonstrate

G. V. Amoruso; J. W. Schroeder

1987-01-01

288

Wind/Diesel Test Facility at Risoe National Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of the wind/diesel programme at Risoe the Test Station for Windmills has established a self-contained facility for the testing of wind/diesel systems. The test facility has its own universal windmill foundation, diesel container, measurement compu...

P. Lundsager H. Aagaard Madsen

1985-01-01

289

An oxidation and erosion test facility for cooled panels  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Panel Oxidation and Erosion Testbed (POET) facility under construction at GASL to provide the required test environment is described. The POET facility comprises three major element including a vitiated air heater, a supersonic nozzle, and a test section. A hydrogen-fueld vitiated air heater will provide the oxidizing and erosive environment. The flow through the test section characterized by low

W. H. Swartwout; J. I. Erdos; R. J. Engers; C. Prescott

1992-01-01

290

High Power RF Test Facility at the SNS  

Microsoft Academic Search

RF Test Facility (RFTF) has been constructed to support present and future needs in testing, processing and conditioning of various high power RF components of normal conducting and superconducting systems at the SNS. The facility is expected to have additional subsystems that are needed for complete superconducting RF (SRF) testing and processing. A full capacity high voltage converter modulator (HVCM)

Y. W. Kang; D. E. Anderson; I. E. Campisi; M. S. Champion; M. T. Crofford; R. E. Fuja; P. A. Gurd; S. M. S. Hasan; K.-U. Kasemir; M. P. McCarthy; D. Stout; J. Y. Tang; A. V. Vassioutchenko; M. Wezensky; G. K. Davis; M. A. Drury; T. Powers; M. Stirbet

2005-01-01

291

Program reduces fire protection system corrosion  

SciTech Connect

This article describes a three-phase chemical treatment that eliminates microbiologically induced corrosion in the fire protection system at Texas Utility`s Comanche Peak facility. Biological colonization was evident by the appearance of ringed blisters at significant corrosion sites. Some specimens showed limited corrosion attack in the presence of a ferrous sulfide film. Where operational flushing and pre-testing had occurred the system had suffered major corrosion damage.

Rittenhouse, R.C.

1995-10-01

292

Space Simulation, 7th. [facilities and testing techniques  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space simulation facilities and techniques are outlined that encompass thermal scale modeling, computerized simulations, reentry materials, spacecraft contamination, solar simulation, vacuum tests, and heat transfer studies.

1973-01-01

293

National space test centers - Lewis Research Center Facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Lewis Research Center, NASA, presently has a number of test facilities that constitute a significant national space test resource. It is expected this capability will continue to find wide application in work involving this country's future in space. Testing from basic research to applied technology, to systems development, to ground support will be performed, supporting such activities as Space Station Freedom, the Space Exploration Initiative, Mission to Planet Earth, and many others. The major space test facilities at both Cleveland and Lewis' Plum Brook Station are described. Primary emphasis is on space propulsion facilities; other facilities of importance in space power and microgravity are also included.

Roskilly, Ronald R.

1990-01-01

294

Stress corrosion evaluation of powder metallurgy aluminum alloy 7091 with the breaking load test method  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The stress corrosion behavior of the P/M aluminum alloy 7091 is evaluated in two overaged heat treatment conditions, T7E69 and T7E70, using an accelerated test technique known as the breaking load test method. The breaking load data obtained in this study indicate that P/M 7091 alloy is highly resistant to stress corrosion in both longitudinal and transverse orientations at stress levels up to 90 percent of the material yield strength. The reduction in mean breaking stress as a result of corrosive attack is smallest for the more overaged T7E70 condition. Details of the test procedure are included.

Domack, Marcia S.

1987-01-01

295

Thermal barrier coatings: Burner rig hot corrosion test results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Mach 0.3 burner rig test program was conducted to examine the sensitivity of thermal barrier coatings to Na and V contaminated combustion gases simulating potential utility gas turbine environments. Coating life of the standard ZrO2-12Y2O3/Ni-16.2Cr-5.6Al-0.6Y NASA thermal barrier coating system which was developed for aircraft gas turbines was significantly reduced in such environments. Two thermal barrier coating systems, Ca2SiO4/Ni-16.2Cr-5.6Al-0.6Y and ZrO2-8Y2O3/Ni-16.4Cr-5.1Al-0.15Y and a less insulative cermet coating system, 50 volume percent MgO-50 volume percent Ni-19.6Cr-17.1Al-0.97Y/Ni-16.2Cr-5.6Al-0.6Y, were identified as having much improved corrosion resistance compared to the standard coating.

Hodge, P. E.; Stecura, S.; Gedwill, M. A.; Zaplatynsky, I.; Levine, S. R.

1978-01-01

296

Thermal barrier coatings - Burner rig hot corrosion test results  

SciTech Connect

A Mach 0.3 burner rig test program was conducted to examine the sensitivity of thermal barrier coatings to Na- and V-contaminated combustion gases simulating potential utility gas turbine environments. Coating life of the standard ZrO2-12Y2O3/Ni-16.2Cr-5.6Al-0.6Y (composition in wt %) NASA thermal barrier coating system which was developed for aircraft gas turbines was significantly reduced in such environments. Two thermal barrier coating systems, Ca2SiO4/Ni-16.2Cr-5.6Al-0.6Y and ZrO2-8Y2O3/Ni-16.4Cr-5.1Al-0.15Y and a less insulative cermet coating system, 50 vol % MgO-50 vol % Ni-19.6Cr-17.1Al-0.97Y/Ni-16.2Cr-5.6Al-0.6Y, were identified as having much improved corrosion resistance compared to the standard coating.

Hodge, P.E.; Stecura, S.; Gedwill, M.A.; Zaplatynsky, I.; Levine, S.R.

1980-01-01

297

Fireside corrosion testing of candidate superheater tube alloys, coatings, and claddings -- Phase 2 field testing  

SciTech Connect

In Phase 1 of this project, laboratory experiments were performed on a variety of developmental and commercial tubing alloys and claddings by exposing them to fireside corrosion tests which simulated a superheater or reheater in a coal-fired boiler. Phase 2 (in situ testing) has exposed samples of 347, RA85H, HR3C, RA253MA, Fe{sub 3}Al + 5Cr, Ta-modified 310, NF 709, 690 clad, 671 clad, and 800HT for up to approximately 16,000 hours to the actual operating conditions of a 250-MW, coal-fired boiler. The samples were installed on air-cooled, retractable corrosion probes, installed in the reheater cavity, and controlled to the operating metal temperatures of an existing and advanced-cycle, coal-fired boiler. Samples of each alloy were exposed for 4,483, 11,348, and 15,883 hours of operation. The present results are for the metallurgical examination of the corrosion probe samples after the full 15,883 hours of exposure. A previous topical report has been issued for the 4,483 hours of exposure.

Blough, J.L.; Seitz, W.W.; Girshik, A. [Foster Wheeler Development Corp., Livingston, NJ (United States)

1998-06-01

298

COST AND SCHEDULE FOR DRILLING AND MINING UNDERGROUND TEST FACILITIES  

SciTech Connect

Cost estimates and lead times are calculated for a mining and drilling program to establish underground test facilities at depths of 300, 700 and 1500 metres. Estimates are provided for establishing the facility in an existing mine and in a mine opened for the facility. The Stripa test facility in Sweden is used as a model in this study for the facility design and the drilling program. Cost estimates and lead time range from just less than $1.5 million and 10 months for an existing mine at 300 metres to $15 million and 58 months for a new mine at 1500 metres. Lithologies of granite, high-grade metamorphic rock. sedimentary rock with argillaceous strata at the depth of the facility. and tuffaceous rock were considered; the effect of lithology on the cost and schedule of opening a test facility was found to be relatively insignificant.

Lamb, D. W.

1980-09-01

299

ENTERING THE FACILITY PROGRAM – TEST MODE  

Cancer.gov

VERSION 7 October 2007 GENERAL OVERVIEW This program is used in animal facilities at both the NCI-Frederick and NCI-Bethesda [LASP] campuses to manage animal inventories, individual animal and experimental records, animal study proposals and other

300

LONG-TERM CORROSION TESTING OF CANDIDATE MATERIALS FOR HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE CONTAINMENT  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary results are presented from the long-term corrosion test program of candidate materials for the high-level radioactive waste packages that would be emplaced in the potential repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The present waste package design is based on a multi-barrier concept having an inner container of a corrosion resistant material and an outer container of a corrosion allowance material. Test specimens have been exposed to simulated bounding environments that may credibly develop in the vicinity of the waste packages. Corrosion rates have been calculated for weight loss and crevice specimens, and U-bend specimens have been examined for evidence of stress corrosion cracking (SCC). Galvanic testing has been started recently and initial results are forthcoming. Pitting characterization of test specimens will be conducted in the coming year. This test program is expected to continue for a minimum of five years so that long-term corrosion data can be determined to support corrosion model development, performance assessment, and waste package design.

J.C. ESTILL, S.DOUGHTY, G.E. GDOWSKI, S. GORDON, K.KING, R.D.McCRIGHT, F. WANG

1997-10-01

301

Battery test facility hardware, software, and system operation  

SciTech Connect

Division 2525 Battery Test Laboratory is a fully automated battery testing facility used in evaluating various battery technologies. The results of these tests are used to verify developers` claims, characterize prototypes, and assist in identifying the strengths and weaknesses of each technology. The Test Facility consists of a central computer and nine remote computer controlled battery test systems. Data acquired during the battery testing process is sent to the central computer system. The test data is then stored in a large database for future analysis. The central computer system is also used in configuring battery tests. These test configurations are then sent to their appropriate remote battery test sites. The Battery Test Facility can perform a variety of battery tests, which include the following: Life Cycle Testing; Parametric Testing at various temperature levels, cutoff parameters, charge rates, and discharge rates; Constant Power Testing at various power levels; Peak Power Testing at various State-of-Charge levels; Simplified Federal Urban Driving Schedule Tests (SFUDS79). The Battery Test Facility is capable of charging a battery either by constant current, constant voltage, step current levels, or any combination of them. Discharge cycles can be by constant current, constant resistance, constant power, step current levels, or also any combination of them. The Battery Test Facility has been configured to provide the flexibility to evaluate a large variety of battery technologies. These technologies include Lead-Acid, Sodium/Sulfur, Zinc/Bromine, Nickel/Hydrogen, Aluminum/Air, and Nickel/Cadmium batteries.

Rodriguez, G.P.

1991-09-01

302

Battery test facility hardware, software, and system operation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Division 2525 Battery Test Laboratory is a fully automated battery testing facility used in evaluating various battery technologies. The results of these tests are used to verify developers' claims, characterize prototypes, and assist in identifying the strengths and weaknesses of each technology. The test facility consists of a central computer and nine remote computer controlled battery test systems. Data acquired during the battery testing process is sent to the central computer system. The test data is then stored in a large database for future analysis. The central computer system is also used in configuring battery tests. These test configurations are then sent to their appropriate remote battery test sites. The battery test facility can perform a variety of battery tests, which include the following: life cycle testing; parametric testing at various temperature levels, cutoff parameters, charge rates, and discharge rates; constant power testing at various power levels; peak power testing at various state-of-charge levels; simplified federal urban driving schedule tests (SFUDS79). The battery test facility is capable of charging a battery either by constant current, constant voltage, step current levels, or any combination of them. Discharge cycles can be by constant current, constant resistance, constant power, step current levels, or also any combination of them. The battery test facility has been configured to provide the flexibility to evaluate a large variety of battery technologies. These technologies include lead-acid, sodium/sulfur, zinc/bromine, nickel/hydrogen, aluminum/air, and nickel/cadmium batteries.

Rodriguez, G. P.

1991-09-01

303

Fabrication of superhydrophobic aluminium alloy surface with excellent corrosion resistance by a facile and environment-friendly method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work develops a facile and environment-friendly method for preparing the superhydrophobic aluminium alloy surface with excellent corrosion resistance. The superhydrophobic aluminium alloy surface is fabricated by the boiling water treatment and stearic acid (STA) modification. Results show that the boiling water treatment endows the aluminium alloy surface with a porous and rough structure, while STA modification chemically grafts the long hydrophobic alkyl chains onto the aluminium alloy surface. Just grounded on the micro- and nano-scale hierarchical structure along with the hydrophobic chemical composition, the superhydrophobic aluminium alloy surface is endued the excellent corrosion resistance.

Feng, Libang; Che, Yanhui; Liu, Yanhua; Qiang, Xiaohu; Wang, Yanping

2013-10-01

304

Molten carbonate fuel cell power generation system test facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CRIEPI has installed the Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) Power Generation System Test Facility which can be used for the tests of the MCFC subsystem. The purpose of this facility installation are as follows: (1) to clarify the large stack performance and to evaluate the large stack durability; and (2) to develop the operation technology of the MCFC which is installed within the system. The facility is divided into two sections, the single loop and the recycle loop. Before power generation tests using MCFC stacks, CRIEPI checked the performance of the facility and ensured that the two loops have the preferable performance.

Watanabe, Takao; Izaki, Yoshiyuki; Hayasaka, Takao; Horiuchi, Nagayuki; Hamamatsu, Teruo; Ishikawa, Hiroshi

1989-05-01

305

ITER cryogenic system validation tests at helios test facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ITER cryogenic system will have to cope with substantial dynamic heat loads due to the magnetic field variation and the production of neutrons generated by the fusion reactions. This will induce large pressure variations in the primary cooling loop of the superconducting coils, which results in the large power variation to the helium refrigerator. The HELIOS test facility, developed at CEA-Grenoble, and initially designed to study the pulse mitigation of the JT-60SA central solenoid cooling circuit (in order to smooth the pulsed load and test components), was adapted to the ITER cooling loop requirements. This paper presents the experimental results concerning the specific ITER analysis. We reproduce experimentally the pressure variation of the Central Solenoid (CS) loop predicted by a numerical model, and observe the behaviour of the circulating pump in these conditions. The investigations of the heat load smoothing methods, using the circuit of Toroidal Field Structures, such as the pulse mitigation by temporary by-pass of the flow of the Structure cooling loop, and variation of the speed of the cold circulating pump, are also presented.

Vallcorba-Carbonell, Roser; Rousset, Bernard; Poncet, Jean-Marc; Chang, Hyun-Sik; Forgeas, Adrien; Maekawa, Ryugi; Serio, Luigi; Bonnay, Patrick; Bon-Mardion, Michel; Girard, Alain; Hoa, Christine; Lagier, Benjamin; Michel, Frederic; Roussel, Pascal

2012-06-01

306

200 Area treated effluent disposal facility operational test report  

SciTech Connect

This document reports the results of the 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (200 Area TEDF) operational testing activities. These completed operational testing activities demonstrated the functional, operational and design requirements of the 200 Area TEDF have been met.

Crane, A.F.

1995-03-01

307

Accelerated Environmental Testing. A Study of Highway Structure Corrosion Problems and Metal Protective Coating Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a description of the design and operation of an accelerated corrosion environmental chamber for metal protective paints and a discussion of the findings of experiments designed to test the reproducibility of results in the chamber and...

W. R. Tooke D. R. Hurst

1973-01-01

308

A broad energy range detector test beam facility at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

The Meson Test Beam Facility at Fermilab has recently been substantially updated to provide a very broad energy range of particle beams (0.5 to 120 GeV) for detector testing. I outline the capabilities of this facility here.

Ramberg, E.; /Fermilab

2007-10-01

309

The photomultiplier tube testing facility for the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

Microsoft Academic Search

A facility to test the photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) for the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) was constructed at Queen's University. The facility measured the noise rate, relative efficiency, and charge and time spectra of single photoelectron anode signals for 44 PMTs daily. The system is described, and detailed results of the testing for two particular PMTs are presented as well as

C. J. Jillings; R. J. Ford; A. L. Hallin; P. J. Harvey; R. W. MacLeod; H. B. Mak; P. Skensved; R. L. Stevenson

1996-01-01

310

Arc jet testing in NASA Ames Research Center thermophysics facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Arc Jet Complex facilities at NASA Ames and their performance capabilities and support systems are presented. An overview of the typical testing procedures is provided. Attention is focused on a basic understanding of the types of facilities available at Ames for aerothermodynamic testing.

Balter-Peterson, Aliza; Nichols, Frank; Mifsud, Brian; Love, Wendell

1992-01-01

311

Upgrade and Operation of the DNA Dust Erosion Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the technical effort on the Upgrade and Operation of the DNA Dust Erosion Test Facility in Santa Ana, California. This facility has logged approximately 3,000 hours of test time which includes over 1,500 dust exposures involving ove...

R. G. Oeding

1990-01-01

312

Fragment hazard zone analyses for explosive test facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analytical procedures for establishing the fragment hazard zone for explosive test facilities are presented. Environment, safety, and health regulations require that a hazard zone analysis be conducted for every explosive test facility. Analyses are presented for explosively driven missile fragment trajectories resultant from cased explosive configurations. Fragment trajectory parameter data are presented in graphical form for three different fragment

M. G. Vigil

1992-01-01

313

The Explosive Pulsed Power Test Facility at AFRL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Air Force Research Laboratory has developed and tested a variety of explosive driven pulsed power devices over the past twenty-two years. Testing is performed primarily at a dedicated facility located at Chestnut Site on Kirtland Air Force Base. The facility is described in this paper, including details of recent upgrades.

J. V. Parker; T. C. Cavazos; C. E. Roth; D. R. Sandoval; W. Sommars; F. M. Lehr; G. F. Kiuttu; D. Chama; J. H. Degnan; S. Coffey; A. Brown; B. Guffey

2005-01-01

314

Outdoor ESTER test facility for advanced technologies PV modules  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the paper the new outdoor test facility ESTER (Solar Energy TEst and Research) for PV modules of various technologies is presented. The facility has been partially funded by the Regione Lazio, Italy, in the framework of the Centre for Hybrid and Organic Solar Energy (CHOSE). This structure is intended to give support to the improvement of reliable and durable

Angelo Spena; Cristina Cornaro; Stefano Serafini

2008-01-01

315

8. Historic aerial photo of rocket engine test facility complex, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Historic aerial photo of rocket engine test facility complex, June 11, 1965. On file at NASA Plumbrook Research Center, Sandusky, Ohio. NASA GRC photo number C-65-1271. - Rocket Engine Testing Facility, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

316

13. Historic drawing of rocket engine test facility layout, including ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Historic drawing of rocket engine test facility layout, including Buildings 202, 205, 206, and 206A, February 3, 1984. NASA GRC drawing number CF-101539. On file at NASA Glenn Research Center. - Rocket Engine Testing Facility, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

317

9. Historic aerial photo of rocket engine test facility complex, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Historic aerial photo of rocket engine test facility complex, June 11, 1965. On file at NASA Plumbrook Research Center, Sandusky, Ohio. NASA GRC photo number C-65-1270. - Rocket Engine Testing Facility, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

318

10. Historic photo of rendering of rocket engine test facility ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Historic photo of rendering of rocket engine test facility complex, April 28, 1964. On file at NASA Plumbrook Research Center, Sandusky, Ohio. NASA GRC photo number C-69472. - Rocket Engine Testing Facility, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

319

6. Historic photo of rocket engine test facility Building 202 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Historic photo of rocket engine test facility Building 202 complex in operation at night, September 12, 1957. On file at NASA Plumbrook Research Center, Sandusky, Ohio. NASA GRC photo number C-45924. - Rocket Engine Testing Facility, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

320

Thermal-structural test facilities at NASA Dryden  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aero-Space Plane (NASP) has renewed interest in hypersonic flight and hot-structures technology development for both the airframe and engine. The NASA Dryden Thermostructures Research Facility is a unique national facility that was designed to conduct thermal-mechanical tests on aircraft and aircraft components by simulating the flight thermal environment in the laboratory. The layout of the facility is presented, which includes descriptions of the high-bay test area, the instrumentation laboratories, the mechanical loading systems, and the state-of-the-art closed-loop thermal control system. The hot-structures test capability of the facility is emphasized by the Mach-3 thermal simulation conducted on the YF-12 airplane. The Liquid-Hydrogen Structural Test Facility, which is presently in the design phase, will provide the capability of thermally testing structures containing hydrogen.

Deangelis, V. Michael; Anderson, Karl F.

1992-01-01

321

An Injector Test Facility for the LCLS  

SciTech Connect

SLAC is in the privileged position of being the site for the world's first 4th generation light source as well as having a premier accelerator research staff and facilities. Operation of the world's first x-ray free electron laser (FEL) facility will require innovations in electron injectors to provide electron beams of unprecedented quality. Upgrades to provide ever shorter wavelength x-ray beams of increasing intensity will require significant advances in the state-of-the-art. The BESAC 20-Year Facilities Roadmap identifies the electron gun as ''the critical enabling technology to advance linac-based light sources'' and recognizes that the sources for next-generation light sources are ''the highest-leveraged technology'', and that ''BES should strongly support and coordinate research and development in this unique and critical technology''.[1] This white paper presents an R&D plan and a description of a facility for developing the knowledge and technology required to successfully achieve these upgrades, and to coordinate efforts on short-pulse source development for linac-based light sources.

Colby, E., (ed.); /SLAC

2007-03-14

322

Space nuclear thermal propulsion test facilities accommodation at INEL  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Air Force (USAF) has proposed to develop the technology and demonstrate the feasibility of a particle bed reactor (PBR) propulsion system that could be used to power an advanced upper stage rocket engine. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is cooperating with the USAF in that it would host the test facility if the USAF decides to proceed with the technology demonstration. Two DOE locations have been proposed for testing the PBR technology, a new test facility at the Nevada Test Site, or the modification and use of an existing facility at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The preliminary evaluations performed at the INEL to support the PBR technology testing has been completed. Additional evaluations to scope the required changes or upgrade needed to make the proposed USAF PBR test facility meet the requirements for testing Space Exploration Initiative (SEI) nuclear thermal propulsion engines are underway.

Hill, T.J.; Reed, W.C.; Welland, H.J. (EG G Idaho, Inc., P.O. Box 1615, Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415-3413 (United States))

1993-01-15

323

49 CFR 195.575 - Which facilities must I electrically isolate and what inspections, tests, and safeguards are...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Corrosion Control § 195.575 Which facilities must I electrically...of a pipeline is necessary to facilitate the application of corrosion control. (c) You must inspect and electrically...

2010-10-01

324

KSC lubricant testing program. [lubrication characteristics and corrosion resistance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A program was conducted to evaluate the performance of various lubricants in use and considered for use at Kennedy Space Center (KSC). The overall objectives of the program were to: (1) determine the lubrication characteristics and relative corrosion resistance of lubricants in use and proposed for use at KSC; (2) identify materials which may be equivalent to or better than KELF-90 and Krytox 240 AC greases; and (3) identify or develop an improved lubricating oil suitable for use in liquid oxygen (LOX) pumps at KSC. It was concluded that: (1) earth gel thickened greases are very poor corrosion preventive materials in the KSC environment; (2) Halocarbon 25-5S and Braycote 656 were suitable substiutes for KELF-90 and Krytox 240 AC respectively; and (3) none of the oils evaluated possessed the necessary inertness, lubricity, and corrosion prevention characteristics for the KSC LOX pumping systems in their present configuration.

Lockhart, B. J.; Bryan, C. J.

1973-01-01

325

Photovoltaic-systems test facilities: existing capabilities compilation  

SciTech Connect

Photovoltaic Systems Test Facilities (PV-STFs) are used to evaluate complete photovoltaic systems, subsystems, and their interfaces. A general description of PV-STFs presently operated under the US Department of Energy's National Photovoltaics Program is presented, as well as descriptions of a number of privately operated facilities reflecting current understanding of those having test capabilities appropriate to PV hardware development. A summary of specific, representative test capabilities at the system and subsystem level is presented for each listed facility. This compilation indicates the range of system and subsystem test capabilities presently available to serve the needs of both the National Photovoltaics Program and the private sector photovoltaics industry.

None

1982-03-01

326

ELECTROCHEMICAL CORROSION TEST RESULTS FOR TANK 241-SY-102 SUPERNATE GRAB SAMPLES  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the electrochemical corrosion scans and conditions for testing of SY-102 supernatant samples taken December 2004. The testing was performed because the tank was under a Justification for Continued Operation allowing the supernatant composition to be outside the chemistry limits of Administrative Control 5.16, 'Corrosion Mitigation program'. A new electrochemical working electrode of A516 Grade 60 carbon steel was used for each scan; all scans were measured against a saturated calomel electrode, with carbon counter electrodes, and all scans were carried out at 50 C. The samples were scanned twice, once as received and once sparged with argon to deoxygenate the sample. For those scans conducted after argon purging, the corrosion rates ranged from 0.012 to 0.019 mpy. A test for stress corrosion cracking was carried out on one sample (2SY-04-07) with negative results.

DUNCAN JB

2007-04-09

327

Synthetic sea water - An improved stress corrosion test medium for aluminum alloys  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A major problem in evaluating the stress corrosion cracking resistance of aluminum alloys by alternate immersion in 3.5 percent salt (NaCl) water is excessive pitting corrosion. Several methods were examined to eliminate this problem and to find an improved accelerated test medium. These included the addition of chromate inhibitors, surface treatment of specimens, and immersion in synthetic sea water. The results indicate that alternate immersion in synthetic sea water is a very promising stress corrosion test medium. Neither chromate inhibitors nor surface treatment (anodize and alodine) of the aluminum specimens improved the performance of alternate immersion in 3.5 percent salt water sufficiently to be classified as an effective stress corrosion test method.

Humphries, T. S.; Nelson, E. E.

1973-01-01

328

FY11 Facility Assessment Study for Aeronautics Test Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents the approach and results for the Aeronautics Test Program (ATP) FY11 Facility Assessment Project. ATP commissioned assessments in FY07 and FY11 to aid in the understanding of the current condition and reliability of its facilities and their ability to meet current and future (five year horizon) test requirements. The principle output of the assessment was a database of facility unique, prioritized investments projects with budgetary cost estimates. This database was also used to identify trends for the condition of facility systems.

Loboda, John A.; Sydnor, George H.

2013-01-01

329

SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE EXPERT PANEL OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE MEETING ON DOUBLE-SHELL TANK CORROSION MONITORING AND TESTING HELD AUGUST 4-5 2008  

SciTech Connect

The Expert Panel Oversight Committee (EPOC) on Double-Shell Tank Corrosion Monitoring and Testing has been overseeing the Fiscal Year FY 2008 experimental program being performed at CC Technologies (CCT) to optimize the chemistry control for corrosion limits in Double-Shell Tanks (DSTs). The EPOC met at the M & D Professional Services Conference Facility on August 4 and 5, 2008 to discuss various aspects of that responsibility including FY 2009 planning. Formal presentations were made to update the EPOC on the these subjects.

BOOMER KD

2009-01-08

330

Goddard Space Flight Center Spacecraft Magnetic Test Facility Restoration Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Goddard Space Flight Center Spacecraft Magnetic Test Facility (SMTF) was constructed in the 1960's for the purpose of simulating geomagnetic and interplanetary magnetic field environments. The facility includes a three axis Braunbek coil system consisting of 12 loops, 4 loops on each of the three orthogonal axes; a remote earth field sensing magnetometer and servo control building; and a remote power control and instrumentation building. The inner coils are 42-foot in diameter and a 10-foot by 10-foot opening through the outer coils accommodates spacecraft access to the test volume. The physical size and precision of the facility are matched by only two other such facilities in the world. The facility was used extensively from the late 1960's until the early 1990's when the requirement for spacecraft level testing diminished. New NASA missions planned under the Living with a Star, Solar Terrestrial Probes, Explorer, and New Millennium Programs include precision, high-resolution magnetometers to obtain magnetic field data that is critical to fulfilling their scientific mission. It is highly likely that future Lunar and Martian exploration missions will also use precision magnetometers to conduct geophysical magnetic surveys. To ensure the success of these missions ground testing using a magnetic test facility such as the GSFC SMTF will be required. This paper describes the history of the facility, the future mission requirements that have renewed the need for spacecraft level magnetic testing, and the plans for restoring the facility to be capable of performing to its original design specifications.

Vernier, Robert; Bonalksy, Todd; Slavin, James

2004-01-01

331

ELECTROCHEMICAL CORROSION TESTING OF TANKS 241-AN-102 & 241-AP-107 & 241-AP-108 IN SUPPORT OF ULTRASONIC TESTING  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the corrosion rates that were measured using electrochemical methods for tanks 241-AN-102 (AN-102), 241-AP-107 (AP 107), and 241-AP-108 (AP-108) performed under test plant RPP-PLAN-38215. The steel used as materials of construction for AN and AP tank farms was A537 Class 1. Test coupons of A537 Class 1 carbon steel were used for corrosion testing in the AN-107, AP-107, and AP-108 tank waste. Supernate will be tested from AN-102, AP-107, and Ap-108. Saltcake testing was performed on AP-108 only.

WYRWAS RB; DUNCAN JB

2008-11-20

332

Space Power Facility-Capabilities for Space Environmental Testing Within a Single Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this paper is to describe the current and near-term environmental test capabilities of the NASA Glenn Research Center's Space Power Facility (SPF) located at Sandusky, Ohio. The paper will present current and near-term capabilities for conducting electromagnetic interference and compatibility testing, base-shake sinusoidal vibration testing, reverberant acoustic testing, and thermal-vacuum testing. The paper will also present modes of transportation, handling, ambient environments, and operations within the facility to conduct those tests. The SPF is in the midst of completing and activating new or refurbished capabilities which, when completed, will provide the ability to conduct most or all required full-scale end-assembly space simulation tests at a single test location. It is envisioned that the capabilities will allow a customer to perform a wide range of space simulation tests in one facility at reasonable cost.

Sorge, Richard N.

2013-01-01

333

Alleviation of Facility/Engine Interactions in an Open-Jet Scramjet Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results of a series of shakedown tests to eliminate facility/engine interactions in an open-jet scramjet test facility are presented. The tests were conducted with the NASA DFX (Dual-Fuel eXperimental scramjet) engine in the NASA Langley Combustion Heated Scramjet Test Facility (CHSTF) in support of the Hyper-X program, The majority of the tests were conducted at a total enthalpy and pressure corresponding to Mach 5 flight at a dynamic pressure of 734 psf. The DFX is the largest engine ever tested in the CHSTF. Blockage, in terms of the projected engine area relative to the nozzle exit area, is 81% with the engine forebody leading edge aligned with the upper edge of the facility nozzle such that it ingests the nozzle boundary layer. The blockage increases to 95% with the engine forebody leading edge positioned 2 in. down in the core flow. Previous engines successfully tested in the CHSTF have had blockages of no more than 51%. Oil flow studies along with facility and engine pressure measurements were used to define flow behavior. These results guided modifications to existing aeroappliances and the design of new aeroappliances. These changes allowed fueled tests to be conducted without facility interaction effects in the data with the engine forebody leading edge positioned to ingest the facility nozzle boundary layer. Interaction effects were also reduced for tests with the engine forebody leading edge positioned 2 in. into the core flow, however some interaction effects were still evident in the engine data. A new shroud and diffuser have been designed with the goal of allowing fueled tests to be conducted with the engine forebody leading edge positioned in the core without facility interaction effects in the data. Evaluation tests of the new shroud and diffuser will be conducted once ongoing fueled engine tests have been completed.

Albertson, Cindy W.; Emami, Saied

2001-01-01

334

200 Area treated effluent disposal facility operational test specification  

SciTech Connect

This document identifies the test specification and test requirements for the 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (200 Area TEDF) operational testing activities. These operational testing activities, when completed, demonstrate the functional, operational and design requirements of the 200 Area TEDF have been met.

Crane, A.F.

1995-02-02

335

200 Area treated effluent disposal facility operational test specification  

SciTech Connect

This document identifies the test specification and test requirements for the 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (200 Area TEDF) operational testing activities. These operational testing activities, when completed, demonstrate the functional, operational and design requirements of the 200 Area TEDF have been met.

Crane, A.F.

1995-01-12

336

5. PRELIMINARY SKETCH OF THE GUIDED MISSILE TEST FACILITIES FOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. PRELIMINARY SKETCH OF THE GUIDED MISSILE TEST FACILITIES FOR TEST AREA NUMBER 2. TODAY IR IS KNOWN AS MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CENTER'S EAST TEST AREA. HANNES LUEHRSEN COLLECTION, MSFC MASTER PLANNING OFFICE. - Marshall Space Flight Center, East Test Area, Dodd Road, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

337

Corrosion Performance of Epoxy; Coated Reinforcement: Macrocell Tests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A macrocell corrosion experimental program was conducted to study the performance of bent epoxy-coated bars. The damage to the epoxy coating was varied from no visible to the unaided eye (small pinholes) to large gaps of 6x6 mm. The coated bars were embed...

K. Z. Kahhaleh E. Vaca-Cortes J. O. Jirsa H. G. Wheat R. L. Carrasquillo

1998-01-01

338

CORROSION TESTING OF ADVANCED COATINGS FOR MILITARY HYDRAULIC ACTUATORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military organizations employ a large fleet of hydraulic-based vehicles and systems in routine operations. Hydraulic systems are critical to the operability of tactical forklifts, air defense artillery systems, cranes, armored vehicles, and aircraft. Hydraulic actuators are often coated with electrolytic hard chrome, which is effective for wear resistance but provides minimal corrosion resistance. Commercial and emerging coating technologies are available

Robert B. Mason; Martin Konrad; Paulo Legaspi; Mark F. Singleton; Bruce Sartwell; Don Skelton

339

Corrosion Testing of Stainless Steel Fuel Cell Hardware  

SciTech Connect

Metal hardware is gaining increasing interest in polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) development as a possible alternative to machined graphite hardware because of its potential for low-cost manufacturing combined with its intrinsic high conductivity, minimal permeability and advantageous mechanical properties. A major barrier to more widespread use of metal hardware has been the susceptibility of various metals to corrosion. Few pure metals can withstand the relatively aggressive environment of a fuel cell and thus the choices for hardware are quite limited. Precious metals such as platinum or gold are prohibitively expensive and so tend to be utilized as coatings on inexpensive substrates such as aluminum or stainless steel. The main challenge with coatings has been to achieve pin-hole free surfaces that will remain so after years of use. Titanium has been used to some extent and though it is very corrosion-resistant, it is also relatively expensive and often still requires some manner of surface coating to prevent the formation of a poorly conducting oxide layer. In contrast, metal alloys may hold promise as potentially low-cost, corrosion-resistant materials for bipolar plates. The dozens of commercially available stainless steel and nickel based alloys have been specifically formulated to offer a particular advantage depending upon their application. In the case of austenitic stainless steels, for example, 316 SS contains molybdenum and a higher chromium content than its more common counterpart, 304 SS, that makes it more noble and increases its corrosion resistance. Likewise, 316L SS contains less carbon than 316 SS to make it easier to weld. A number of promising corrosion-resistant, highly noble alloys such as Hastelloy{trademark} or Duplex{trademark} (a stainless steel developed for seawater service) are available commercially, but are expensive and difficult to obtain in various forms (i.e. wire screen, foil, etc.) or in small amounts for R and D purposes.

Wilson, M.S.; Zawodzinski, C.; Gottesfeld, S.

1998-11-01

340

Realistic development and testing of fission systems at a non-nuclear testing facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of resistance heaters to simulate heat from fission allows extensive development of fission systems to be performed in non-nuclear test facilities, saving time and money. Resistance heated tests on a module has been performed at the Marshall Space Flight Center in the Propellant Energy Source Testbed (PEST). This paper discusses the experimental facilities and equipment used for performing resistance heated tests. Recommendations are made for improving non-nuclear test facilities and equipment for simulated testing of nuclear systems. .

Godfroy, Tom; van Dyke, Melissa; Dickens, Ricky; Pedersen, Kevin; Lenard, Roger; Houts, Mike

2000-01-01

341

Realistic Development and Testing of Fission System at a Non-Nuclear Testing Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of resistance heaters to simulate heat from fission allows extensive development of fission systems to be performed in non-nuclear test facilities, saving time and money. Resistance heated tests on a module has been performed at the Marshall Space Flight Center in the Propellant Energy Source Testbed (PEST). This paper discusses the experimental facilities and equipment used for performing resistance heated tests. Recommendations are made for improving non-nuclear test facilities and equipment for simulated testing of nuclear systems.

Godfroy, Tom; VanDyke, Melissa; Dickens, Ricky; Pedersen, Kevin; Lenard, Roger; Houts, Mike

2000-01-01

342

Long-term tests of dissimilar metal crevice corrosion in filtered seawater  

SciTech Connect

Dissimilar metal crevice (DMC) corrosion has been found in condensers in which superferritic stainless steel tubes have been expanded into type 316 stainless steel (UNS S31600) tube sheets. Low-pH corrosion products, which formed in the tube-to-tube sheet crevice, cause depassivation and attack of the superferritic alloy. Long-term tests in filtered natural seawater confirm DMC corrosion of several superferritic alloys, including one containing 2% nickel, when in contact with type 316. Superaustenitic 6% molybdenum alloys in contact with type 316 did not show DMC corrosion. As expected, type 316 corroded in these exposures. When superferritic and superaustenitic alloys were tested in contact with each other, neither was attacked.

Maurer, J.R. (Allegheny Ludlum Corp., Brackenridge, PA (United States). Technical Center)

1994-04-01

343

Development of robotics facility docking test hardware  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Design and fabricate test hardware for NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) are reported. A docking device conceptually developed was fabricated, and two docking targets which provide high and low mass docking loads were required and were represented by an aft 61.0 cm section of a Hubble space telescope (ST) mockup and an upgrading of an existing multimission modular spacecraft (MSS) mockup respectively. A test plan is developed for testing the hardware.

Loughead, T. E.; Winkler, R. V.

1984-01-01

344

CLOSEOUT REPORT FOR HYBRID SULFUR PRESSURIZED BUTTON CELL TEST FACILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is the Close-Out Report for design and partial fabrication of the Pressurized Button Cell Test Facility at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). This facility was planned to help develop the sulfur dioxide depolarized electrolyzer (SDE) that is a key component of the Hybrid Sulfur Cycle for generating hydrogen. The purpose of this report is to provide as much

Steeper

2010-01-01

345

Project W-049H disposal facility test report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Acceptance Test Report (ATR) for the Project W-049H, Treated Effluent Disposal Facility, is to verify that the equipment installed in the Disposal Facility has been installed in accordance with the design documents and function as required by the project criteria.

Buckles, D.I.

1995-01-01

346

Closed Loop Test Facility for hot dirty gas valves  

SciTech Connect

A design study of a closed loop test facility for eight-inch hot dirty gas valves is presented. The objective of the facility is to quality valves for use in coal gasifiers, combined cycle plants, and pressurized fluid bed combustors. Outline sketches and estimated costs are presented for the selected design.

Not Available

1980-02-06

347

Lead Coolant Test Facility—Design concept and requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Idaho National Laboratory prepared a preliminary technical and functional requirements (T&FR), thermal hydraulic design and cost estimate for a Lead Coolant Test Facility. The purpose of this small scale facility is to simulate lead coolant fast reactor (LFR) coolant flow in an open lattice geometry core using seven electrical rods and liquid lead or lead–bismuth eutectic. Based on review

Soli Khericha; Eric Loewen

2011-01-01

348

LOOP TESTING OF INCONEL, NICKEL, MONEL AND BIMETAL HEAT EXCHANGERS. ANPP CORROSION PROGRAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description is given of corrosion tests performed on 12 test vessels. ; Two sets of model heat exchangers (a set consists of a steam generator and ; superheater) and eight miniature heat exchangers were tested dynamically in a ; pressurized water loop. One set of model heat exchangers had bimetal tubes ; (stainless steel in the primary, carbon steel

J. McGrew; E. Jules

1961-01-01

349

EPA ALKALI SCRUBBING TEST FACILITY: ADVANCED PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of advanced testing (from June 1975 to February 1976) of 30,000 acfm (10 MW equivalent) lime/limestone wet scrubbers for SO2 and particulate removal at TVA's Shawnee Power Station. No reliability problems were experienced in 1143 hours of lime testing wit...

350

Preconceptual design of the new production reactor circulator test facility  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a study of a new circulator test facility for the New Production Reactor Modular High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor. The report addresses the preconceptual design of a stand-alone test facility with all the required equipment to test the Main Circulator/shutoff valve and Shutdown Cooling Circulator/shutoff valve. Each type of circulator will be tested in its own full flow, full power helium test loop. Testing will cover the entire operating range of each unit. The loop will include a test vessel, in which the circulator/valve will be mounted, and external piping. The external flow piping will include a throttle valve, flowmeter, and heat exchanger. Subsystems will include helium handling, helium purification, and cooling water. A computer-based data acquisition and control system will be provided. The estimated costs for the design and construction of this facility are included. 2 refs., 15 figs.

Thurston, G.

1990-06-01

351

Field Lysimeter Test Facility for protective barriers: Experimental plan  

SciTech Connect

This document was first written in October 1986 and has been used to guide the design of the Field Lysimeter Test Facility (FLTF) and to promote discussions between research and engineering staff regarding the selection of barrier treatments for inclusion in the FLTF. The construction of the lysimeter facility was completed June 28, 1987. This document describes the facility, the treatments placed in each lysimeter, types of measurements made in each lysimeter, and a brief discussion of project activities related to quality assurance, safety, and funding requirements. The treatment description and figures have been updated to reflect the lysimeter facility as constructed. 12 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs.

Kirkham, R.R.; Gee, G.W.; Downs, J.L.

1987-12-01

352

Performance of a Large Vacuum Facility for Spacecraft Propulsion Testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Large Vacuum Test Facility has been developed at AEROSPAZIO Tecnologie with the aim of providing high qualified test services in Electric Propulsion and Space Simulation. The test facility consist of a stainless steel cylinder 3.8 m diameter and 11.5 m overall length. A modular cryopumping system allows 200.000 l/s continuous pumping speed of Xe. Beam diagnostics, including Faraday probes and Retarding Potential Analysers, have been installed. A test campaign aimed at evaluating the EMC characteristics of the test site has been performed.

Scortecci, F.; Bonelli, E.; Michelozzi, B.; Saito, F.; Scaranzin, S.; Turco, A.

2004-10-01

353

NASA Lewis Research Center's combustor test facilities and capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC) presently accommodates a total of six combustor test facilities with unique capabilities. The facilities are used to evaluate combustor and afterburner concepts for future engine applications, and also to test the survivability and performance of innovative high temperature materials, new instrumentation, and engine components in a realistic jet engine environment. The facilities provide a variety of test section interfaces and lengths to allow for flametube, sector and component testing. The facilities can accommodate a wide range of operating conditions due to differing capabilities in the following areas: inlet air pressure, temperature, and flow; fuel flow rate, pressure, and fuel storage capacity; maximum combustion zone temperature; cooling water flow rate and pressure; types of exhaust - atmospheric or altitude; air heater supply pressure; and types of air heaters - vitiated or nonvitiated. All of the facilities have provisions for standard gas (emissions) analysis, and a few of the facilities are equipped with specialized gas analysis equipment, smoke and particle size measurement devices, and a variety of laser systems. This report will present some of the unique features of each of the high temperature/high pressure combustor test facilities at NASA LeRC.

Bianco, Jean

1995-01-01

354

Runway Incursion Prevention System Testing at the Wallops Flight Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Runway Incursion Prevention System (RIPS) integrated with a Synthetic Vision System concept (SVS) was tested at the Reno/Tahoe International Airport (RNO) and Wallops Flight Facility (WAL) in the summer of 2004. RIPS provides enhanced surface situationa...

D. R. Jones

2005-01-01

355

Recent National Transonic Facility Test Process Improvements (Invited).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the results of two recent process improvements; drag feed-forward Mach number control and simultaneous force/moment and pressure testing, at the National Transonic Facility. These improvements have reduced the duration and cost of tes...

W. A. Kilgore S. Balakrishna C. W. Bobbitt J. B. Adcock

2001-01-01

356

Fast Flux Test Facility final safety analysis report. Amendment 72.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document provides the Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) Amendment 72 for incorporation into the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) FSAR set. This amendment change incorporates Engineering Change Notices issued subsequent to Amendment 71 and approved fo...

D. A. Gantt

1992-01-01

357

Fast Flux Test Facility project plan. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

The Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) Transition Project Plan, Revision 2, provides changes to the major elements and project baseline for the deactivation activities necessary to transition the FFTF to a radiologically and industrially safe shutdown condition.

Hulvey, R.K.

1995-11-01

358

Reactor physics results from Fast Flux Test Facility operation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During its first ten years of operation, the Fast Flux Test Facility has provided information beyond its original intended mission of irradiating fuel and structural materials for use in liquid metal rectors. In particular, many improvements and innovatio...

B. J. Knutson D. W. Wootan L. R. Campbell R. A. Bennett R. A. Harris

1990-01-01

359

Mechanical Integrity Testing and Training Facility, Ada, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Underground injection control regulations of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency require that all injection wells demonstrate mechanical integrity. A Mechanical Integrity Testing and Training Facility has been developed by the Robert S. Kerr Environm...

J. T. Thornhill

1993-01-01

360

Cathode Research and the Threshold Cathode Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This technical report discusses the parameters of the Threshold Cathode Test Facility (TCTF) and the use of the TCTF to perform cathode research. Experimental and simulation results are documented, as well as references to additional, more detailed, catho...

R. J. Umstattd T. A. Spencer

2002-01-01

361

Central-Receiver Test Facility (CRTF) Cost History.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The total cost distribution for the Central Receiver Test Facility is broken down into design, construction, and procurement categories. The percentage of recurring and nonrecurring costs are given. It is found that concrete and steel totaled 21% of the t...

R. G. Lundgren J. V. Otts

1981-01-01

362

Programmable Logic Controller Applied for Test Facility Control at ESTEC.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Presently, complex systems are more often controlled by Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). This system was introduced for test facility control for the first time in the European Space Research and Technology Center (ESTEC) Large Space Simulator (LSS). ...

F. Cave

1990-01-01

363

Load Excitation at the Superconducting Cable Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The superconducting cable test facility was constructed to evaluate and demonstrate flexible superconducting power transmission cables under realistic conditions. Power supplies were installed to excite two superconducting cables either separately or simu...

E. B. Forsyth A. J. McNerney M. Meth

1979-01-01

364

LIMESTONE WET-SCRUBBING TEST RESULTS AT THE EPA ALKALI SCRUBBING TEST FACILITY. CAPSULE REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This capsule report discusses the highlights of the first detailed engineering progress report. It describes the test facility and test program and presents results to date of the limestone wet-scrubbing testing. In addition, the realiability and operability of the test facility ...

365

Mössbauer Characterization of Rust Obtained in an Accelerated Corrosion Test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have performed drying-humectation cyclical processes (CEBELCOR) on eight A36 low carbon steel coupons in NaCl solutions containing 1×10-2 M and 1×10-1 M concentrations. The main purpose of these experiments is to contribute to the understanding of the conditions for akaganeite formation. Additionally, and with the idea to perform a complete characterization of the rust, this work also considers the formation of other iron oxide phases. The corrosion products were characterized by Mössbauer spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction techniques. Gravimetric analysis demonstrates that the coupons presented high corrosion rates. Magnetite/maghemite was common in the rust stuck to the steel surface, whereas akaganeite was present only in traces. In the rust collected from the solutions, i.e., the rust that goes away from the metal surface easily, a magnetite/maghemite was not present and akaganeite showed up in larger quantities. These results support the idea that high concentrations of Cl- ions are required for the akaganeite formation. We concluded that akaganeite is not easily bonded to the rust layer; this may lead to the formation of a less protective rust layer and to higher corrosion rates.

García, K. E.; Morales, A. L.; Arroyave, C. E.; Barrero, C. A.; Cook, D. C.

2003-06-01

366

Enhanced test facility for OTEC at Keahole Point  

SciTech Connect

Additional test facilities are being planned for Keahole Point, Hawaii, that would greatly increase the amounts of warm and cold water available for OTEC research and development. Present activities include the design of seawater systems and a pumping station, using the existing OTEC-1 cold-water pipe and pumps. Future options include the installation of available heat exchangers and ammonia-system equipment, the addition of a turbine generator, and facilities for open- and closed-cycle testing of components and systems.

Hillis, D.L.; Stevens, H.C.; Panchal, C.B.

1983-01-01

367

Design for the National RF Test Facility at ORNL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conceptual and preliminary engineering design for the National RF Test Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been completed. The facility will comprise a single mirror configuration embodying two superconducting development coils from the ELMO Bumpy Torus Proof-of-Principle (EBT-P) program on either side of a cavity designed for full-scale antenna testing. The coils are capable of generating a 1.2-T

W. L. Gardner; D. J. Hoffman; W. R. Becraft; C. W. Blue; S. K. Combs; W. K. Dagenhart; H. H. Haselton; P. H. Hayes; J. A. Moeller; L. W. Owen

1983-01-01

368

The photomultiplier tube testing facility for the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A facility to test the photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) for the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) was constructed at Queen's University. The facility measured the noise rate, relative efficiency, and charge and time spectra of single photoelectron anode signals for 44 PMTs daily. The system is described, and detailed results of the testing for two particular PMTs are presented as well as statistics for 9829 Hamamatsu R1408 PMTs accepted for use in SNO.

Jillings, C. J.; Ford, R. J.; Hallin, A. L.; Harvey, P. J.; MacLeod, R. W.; Mak, H. B.; Skensved, P.; Stevenson, R. L.

1996-02-01

369

Test facilities for evaluating nuclear thermal propulsion systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interagency panels evaluating nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) development options have consistently recognized the need for constructing a major new ground test facility to support fuel element and engine testing. This paper summarizes the requirements, configuration, and baseline performance of some of the major subsystems designed to support a proposed ground test complex for evaluating nuclear thermal propulsion fuel elements and

David F. Beck; George C. Allen; Larry R. Shipers; Dean Dobranich; Cathy A. Ottinger; Charles D. Harmon; Wesley C. Fan; Michael Todosow

1993-01-01

370

Test facilities for evaluating nuclear thermal propulsion systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interagency panels evaluating nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) development options have consistently recognized the need for constructing a major new ground test facility to support fuel element and engine testing. This paper summarizes the requirements, configuration, and baseline performance of some of the major subsystems designed to support a proposed ground test complex for evaluating nuclear thermal propulsion fuel elements and

D. F. Beck; G. C. Allen; L. R. Shipers; D. Dobranich; C. A. Ottinger; C. D. Harmon; W. C. Fan; M. Todosow

1992-01-01

371

Thermal Testing Facilities and Efforts at Dryden Flight Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation provides the thermal testing panel discussion with an overview of the thermal test facilities at the Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC) as well as highlights from the thermal test efforts of the past year. This presentation is a little more in-depth than the corresponding material in the center overview presentation.

Holguin, Andrew; Kostyk, Christopher B.

2010-01-01

372

Overview of the NASA AMES-Dryden Integrated Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Integrated Test Facility (ITF), being built at the NASA Ames Research Center's Dryden Flight Research Facility (ADFRF), will provide new real-time test capabilities for emerging research aircraft. An overview of the ITF and the real-time systems being developed to operate this unique facility are outlined in this paper. The ITF will reduce flight test risk by minimizing the difference between the flight- and ground-test environments. The ground-test environment is provided by combining real-time flight simulation with the actual aircraft. The generic capabilities of the ITF real-time systems, the real-time data recording, and the remotely augmented vehicle (RAV) monitoring system will be discussed. The benefits of applying simulation to aircraft-in-the-loop testing and RAV monitoring system capabilities to the X-29A flight research program will also be discussed.

Mackall, Dale; McBride, David; Cohen, Dorothea

1990-01-01

373

National Transonic Facility Fan Blade prepreg material characterization tests  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The test program for the basic prepreg materials used in process development work and planned fabrication of the national transonic facility fan blade is presented. The basic prepreg materials and the design laminate are characterized at 89 K, room temperature, and 366 K. Characterization tests, test equipment, and test data are discussed. Material tests results in the warp direction are given for tensile, compressive, fatigue (tension-tension), interlaminar shear and thermal expansion.

Klich, P. J.; Richards, W. H.; Ahl, E. L., Jr.

1981-01-01

374

Mössbauer Studies of Corrosion Products Developed in Prohesion Test over Galvanized Steel Sheets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Precoated galvanized steel sheets were submitted to Prohesion test (PT) and to outdoor marine exposure test (OT). The corrosion products were different in both cases. Goethite, lepidocrocite, pyrite and magnetite were found in the Prohesion test samples; the presence of akaganeite cannot be discarded. Surprisingly greigite was detected in these samples, suggesting in addition a located microbiological corrosion process. On the other hand, goethite, lepidocrocite, magnetite, akaganeite and silicates were found in outdoor exposure samples. This study allows the conclusion that in the Prohesion G-85 test the corrosion mechanism is different from that in the marine atmosphere for the analyzed samples and could not be used to predict the performance of this type of outdoor exposed materials.

Zapponi, M.; Pérez, T.; Ramos, C.; Saragovi, C.

2003-06-01

375

Fiber Bragg grating sensing for indirect evaluation of corrosion in oil and gas facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corrosion control in pipelines and wells is a critical issue in the oil industry. In this paper, we present an optical fiber sensing technique devoted to monitor one of the parameters involved in corrosion: the environment acidity. In the proposed technique, a transducer mechanically couples a fiber Bragg grating to a pH sensitive hydrogel. The possibility of determining pH values

A. L. Triques; M. F. Silva Jr.; D. M. Gonzalez; J. Celnik; V. G. Schlueter; A. R. D'Almeida; F. Pereira; L. C. G. Valente; Arthur M. Braga; M. L. Dias

2004-01-01

376

Development of a true triaxial testing facility for composite materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A testing facility was designed, fabricated, assembled, and evaluated that is capable of applying any combination of tensile and compressive forces to three mutually orthogonal axes of a thickness-tapered composite cruciform test specimen. As a result, any stress ratio in sigma1--sigma 2--sigma3 stress space can be explored using this facility. A complete description of the triaxial testing facility, including a discussion of the many operating procedures and safety systems, as well as a detailed analysis of the triaxial test specimen is presented. In addition, the numerous specimen fabrication and testing procedures developed specifically for this study are thoroughly documented. Once the triaxial testing facility was fully assembled and operational, uniaxial and biaxial tests were performed on 6061-T6 aluminum specimens. The excellent agreement between both the uniaxial and biaxial results obtained in the present study for this material with accepted handbook values and applicable failure theories confirmed the performance of many aspects of the testing facility. These aspects included the intra-axis alignment, machine compliance, specimen fabrication and testing procedures, automated computer testing algorithms, data acquisition system, and calibration values. A second testing phase, using carbon/epoxy cross-ply specimens subjected to biaxial and triaxial loadings were then performed. These results being achieved were also compared to applicable failure theories, with reasonable agreement. In addition, these tests revealed several aspects of the present cruciform specimen design that could be improved. More specifically, an undesirable failure mode was encountered in some biaxial tension tests, and triaxial tension tests were not performed successfully. A comprehensive discussion of recommendations for improving both the triaxial testing facility and the present specimen design is included. The present study showed that the overall performance of the triaxial testing facility was acceptable. While some difficulties were encountered, they are believed to be readily corrected in future studies. Once these issues are addressed, it is believed that the triaxial testing facility will be capable of generating accurate and consistent biaxial and triaxial experimental data for composite materials.

Welsh, Jeffrey Scott

377

High vacuum facility for hydrazine thruster testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ongoing modification is described of a large vacuum chamber to accommodate the ignition of an arcjet hydrazine thruster while maintaining a vacuum level of 1 x 10(exp -5) torr or less. The vacuum facility consists of a 20 ft stainless steel vacuum tank with an internal LN2 shroud, four 35 in. cryopumps and an 8 in. turbopump. To maintain a vacuum level of 1 x 10(exp -5) torr or less, 900 sq ft of liquid helium (LHe) shroud surface was installed to maintain the vacuum level and pumping requirements. A vacuum level of 1 x 10(exp -5) torr or less will allow the hydrazine thrust to exit the thruster nozzle and radiate into a space type environment so that the plume flow field can be analyzed and compared to the analytical model density distribution profile. Some other arcjet thruster characteristics measured are the electromagnetic interference (EMI) and exhaust contamination. This data is used to evaluate if the arcjet thruster with its high specific impulse in comparison to current chemical propulsion thruster can be used for the next generation of communication satellites.

Neary, Patrick F.

1990-01-01

378

Low Power Arcjet Test Facility Impacts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Performance characterization of a flight-type 1.4 kW arcjet system were conducted at the Rocket Research Company (RRC) in Redmond, WA, and at the NASA LeRC in Cleveland, OH. The objectives of these tests were as follows: to compare low-power arcjet perfor...

W. E. Morren P. J. Lichon

1992-01-01

379

Operational summary of an electric propulsion long term test facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An automated test facility capable of simultaneously operating three 2.5 kW, 30-cm mercury ion thrusters and their power processors is described, along with a test program conducted for the documentation of thruster characteristics as a function of time. Facility controls are analog, with full redundancy, so that in the event of malfunction the facility automaticcally activates a backup mode and notifies an operator. Test data are recorded by a central data collection system and processed as daily averages. The facility has operated continuously for a period of 37 months, over which nine mercury ion thrusters and four power processor units accumulated a total of over 14,500 hours of thruster operating time.

Trump, G. E.; James, E. L.; Bechtel, R. T.

1982-01-01

380

System model of a natural circulation integral test facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Health Physics (NE/RHP) at Oregon State University (OSU) has been developing an innovative modular reactor plant concept since being initiated with a Department of Energy (DoE) grant in 1999. This concept, the Multi-Application Small Light Water Reactor (MASLWR), is an integral pressurized water reactor (PWR) plant that utilizes natural circulation flow in the primary and employs advanced passive safety features. The OSU MASLWR test facility is an electrically heated integral effects facility, scaled from the MASLWR concept design, that has been previously used to assess the feasibility of the concept design safety approach. To assist in evaluating operational scenarios, a simulation tool that models the test facility and is based on both test facility experimental data and analytical methods has been developed. The tool models both the test facility electric core and a simulated nuclear core, allowing evaluation of a broad spectrum of operational scenarios to identify those scenarios that should be explored experimentally using the test facility or design-quality multi-physics tools. Using the simulation tool, the total cost of experimentation and analysis can be reduced by directing time and resources towards the operational scenarios of interest.

Galvin, Mark R.

381

Goddard Space Flight Center Spacecraft Magnetic Test Facility Restoration Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Goddard Space Flight Center Spacecraft Magnetic Test Facility (SMTF) was constructed in the 1960's for the purpose of simulating geomagnetic and interplanetary magnetic field environments. The facility includes a three axis Braunbek coil system consisting of 12 loops, 4 loops on each of the three orthogonal axes; a remote Earth field sensing magnetometer and servo controller; and a remote power control and instrumentation building. The inner coils of the Braunbek system are 42-foot in diameter with a 10-foot by 10-foot opening through the outer coils to accommodate spacecraft access into the test volume. The physical size and precision of the facility are matched by only two other such facilities in the world. The facility was used extensively from the late 1960's until the early 1990's when the requirement for spacecraft level testing diminished. New NASA missions planned under the Living with a Star, Solar Terrestrial Probes, Explorer, and New Millennium Programs include precision, high-resolution magnetometers to obtain magnetic field data that is critical to fulfilling their scientific mission. It is highly likely that future Lunar and Martian exploration missions will also use precision magnetometers to conduct geophysical magnetic surveys. To ensure the success of these missions, ground testing using a magnetic test facility such as the GSFC SMTF will be required. This paper describes the history of the facility, the future mission requirements that have renewed the need for spacecraft level magnetic testing, and the plans for restoring the facility to be capable of performing to its original design specifications.

Vernier, Robert; Bonalosky, Todd; Slavin, James

2004-01-01

382

Goddard Space Flight Center Spacecraft Magnetic Test Facility Restoration Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Goddard Space Flight Center Spacecraft Magnetic Test Facility (SMTF) was constructed in the 1960's for the purpose of simulating geomagnetic and interplanetary magnetic field environments. The facility includes a three axis Braunbek coil system consisting of 12 loops, 4 loops on each of the three orthogonal axes; a remote Earth field sensing magnetometer and servo controller; and a remote power control and instrumentation building. The inner coils of the Braunbek system are 42-foot in diameter with a 10-foot by 10-foot opening through the outer coils to accommodate spacecraft access into the test volume. The physical size and precision of the facility are matched by only two other such facilities in the world. The facility was used extensively from the late 1960's until the early 1990's when the requirement for spacecraft level testing diminished. New NASA missions planned under the Living with a Star, Solar Terrestrial Probes, Explorer, and New Millennium Programs include precision, high-resolution magnetometers to obtain magnetic field data that is critical to fulfilling their scientific mission. It is highly likely that future Lunar and Martian exploration missions will also use precision magnetometers to conduct geophysical magnetic surveys. To ensure the success of these missions, ground-testing using a magnetic test facility such as the GSFC SMTF will be required. This paper describes the history of the facility, the future mission requirements that have renewed the need for spacecraft level magnetic testing, and the plans for restoring the facility to be capable of performing to its original design specifications.

Vernier, Robert; Bonalksy, Todd; Slavin, James

2004-01-01

383

Australian national networked tele-test facility for integrated systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Australian Commonwealth government recently announced a grant of 4.75 million as part of a 13.5 million program to establish a world class networked IC tele-test facility in Australia. The facility will be based on a state-of-the-art semiconductor tester located at Edith Cowan University in Perth that will operate as a virtual centre spanning Australia. Satellite nodes will be located at the University of Western Australia, Griffith University, Macquarie University, Victoria University and the University of Adelaide. The facility will provide vital equipment to take Australia to the frontier of critically important and expanding fields in microelectronics research and development. The tele-test network will provide state of the art environment for the electronics and microelectronics research and the industry community around Australia to test and prototype Very Large Scale Integrated (VLSI) circuits and other System On a Chip (SOC) devices, prior to moving to the manufacturing stage. Such testing is absolutely essential to ensure that the device performs to specification. This paper presents the current context in which the testing facility is being established, the methodologies behind the integration of design and test strategies and the target shape of the tele-testing Facility.

Eshraghian, Kamran; Lachowicz, Stefan W.; Eshraghian, Sholeh

2001-11-01

384

NASA Lewis Research Center's preheated combustor and materials test facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Preheated Combustor and Materials Test Facility (PCMTF) in the Engine Research Building (ERB) at the NASA Lewis Research Center is one of two unique combustor facilities that provide a nonvitiated air supply to two test stands, where the air can be used for research combustor testing and high-temperature materials testing. Stand A is used as a research combustor stand, whereas stand B is used for cyclic and survivability tests of aerospace materials at high temperatures. Both stands can accommodate in-house and private industry research programs. The PCMTF is capable of providing up to 30 lb/s (pps) of nonvitiated, 450 psig combustion air at temperatures ranging from 850 to 1150 g F. A 5000 gal tank located outdoors adjacent to the test facility can provide jet fuel at a pressure of 900 psig and a flow rate of 11 gal/min (gpm). Gaseous hydrogen from a 70,000 cu ft (CF) tuber is also available as a fuel. Approximately 500 gpm of cooling water cools the research hardware and exhaust gases. Such cooling is necessary because the air stream reaches temperatures as high as 3000 deg F. The PCMTF provides industry and Government with a facility for studying the combustion process and for obtaining valuable test information on advanced materials. This report describes the facility's support systems and unique capabilities.

Nemets, Steve A.; Ehlers, Robert C.; Parrott, Edith

1995-01-01

385

High Temperature Steam Electrolysis Materials Degradation: Preliminary Results of Corrosion Tests on Ceramatec Electrolysis Cell Components  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion tests were performed on stainless steel and nickel alloy coupons in H2O/H2 mixtures and dry air to simulate conditions experienced in high temperature steam electrolysis systems. The stainless steel coupons were tested bare and with one of three different proprietary coatings applied. Specimens were corroded at 850°C for 500 h with weight gain data recorded at periodic intervals. Post-test characterization of the samples included surface and cross-section scanning electron microscopy, grazing incidence x-ray diffraction, and area-specific resistance measurements. The uncoated nickel alloy outperformed the ferritic stainless steel under all test conditions based on weight gain data. Parabolic rate constants for corrosion of these two uncoated alloys were consistent with values presented in the literature under similar conditions. The steel coatings reduced corrosion rates in H2O/H2 mixtures by as much as 50% compared to the untreated steel, but in most cases showed negligible corrosion improvement in air. The use of a rare-earth-based coating on stainless steel did not result in a significantly different area specific resistance values after corrosion compared to the untreated alloy. Characterization of the samples is still in progress and the findings will be revised when the complete data set is available.

Paul Demkowicz; Prateek Sachdev; Kevin DeWall; Pavel Medvedev

2007-06-01

386

Oceanic corrosion test of bare and zinc-protected aluminum alloys for seawater heat exchangers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a cooperative research effort between The Puerto Rico Center of Energy and Environment Research, Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical Corporation and The Trane Company, a six month study was made of the seawater corrosion performance of various aluminum materials to test their suitability for use in seawater heat exchangers. The materials tested included bare 3004 tubes, 7072 Alclad 3004 tubes

D. S. Sasscer; R. Ernst; T. O. Morgan; C. Rivera; A. C. Scott; T. J. Summerson

1984-01-01

387

Jet-in-Slit Test for Reproducing Flow-Induced Localized Corrosion on Copper Alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Valve seat rings of water taps made of copper alloys occasionally suffer corrosion damage as a result of water quality and fluid flow. Examination of the damage mechanisms and development of a testing method for selecting durable materials were requested. To solve these problems, 10 copper alloys were examined using three test methods under accelerated, but well-known experimental conditions: the

M. Matsumura; K. Noishiki; A. Sakamoto

1998-01-01

388

The use of non-destructive testing to detect and monitor aircraft corrosion in service  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nondestructive testing methods that are commonly used by the testing operator to detect corrosion in an aircraft are reviewed. In particular, attention is given to visual inspection using remote video visual aids, penetrant flaw detection, magnetic particle inspection, eddy current flaw detection techniques, ultrasonic flaw detection, mechanical impedance analysis, radiography, and the use of a combination of techniques. The

M. Welburn

1992-01-01

389

Aluminum alloy welding and stress-corrosion testing. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The weldability, strength, and corrosion resistance of four 5XXX aluminum alloys electron beam welded to 6061-T6 aluminum alloy without a filler metal were evaluated. Adding filler metal raises weld energy requirements and makes the process more difficult to control. In this study, instead of using a filler metal, a high-magnesium 5XXX alloy was welded to the 6061 alloy. The four 5XXX alloys used (5456-H321, 5052-H34, 5086-H323, and 5083-H32) were selected for their high magnesium content which reduces weld crack sensitivity.

Gates, W.G.; Jimenez, E.

1981-04-01

390

Research and test facilities for development of technologies and experiments with commercial applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of NASA'S agency-wide goals is the commercial development of space. To further this goal NASA is implementing a policy whereby U.S. firms are encouraged to utilize NASA facilities to develop and test concepts having commercial potential. Goddard, in keeping with this policy, will make the facilities and capabilities described in this document available to private entities at a reduced cost and on a noninterference basis with internal NASA programs. Some of these facilities include: (1) the Vibration Test Facility; (2) the Battery Test Facility; (3) the Large Area Pulsed Solar Simulator Facility; (4) the High Voltage Testing Facility; (5) the Magnetic Field Component Test Facility; (6) the Spacecraft Magnetic Test Facility; (7) the High Capacity Centrifuge Facility; (8) the Acoustic Test Facility; (9) the Electromagnetic Interference Test Facility; (10) the Space Simulation Test Facility; (11) the Static/Dynamic Balance Facility; (12) the High Speed Centrifuge Facility; (13) the Optical Thin Film Deposition Facility; (14) the Gold Plating Facility; (15) the Paint Formulation and Application Laboratory; (16) the Propulsion Research Laboratory; (17) the Wallops Range Facility; (18) the Optical Instrument Assembly and Test Facility; (19) the Massively Parallel Processor Facility; (20) the X-Ray Diffraction and Scanning Auger Microscopy/Spectroscopy Laboratory; (21) the Parts Analysis Laboratory; (22) the Radiation Test Facility; (23) the Ainsworth Vacuum Balance Facility; (24) the Metallography Laboratory; (25) the Scanning Electron Microscope Laboratory; (26) the Organic Analysis Laboratory; (27) the Outgassing Test Facility; and (28) the Fatigue, Fracture Mechanics and Mechanical Testing Laboratory.

1989-01-01

391

Field Testing of Rapid Electrokinetic Nanoparticle Treatment for Corrosion Control of Steel in Concrete  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This work field tested the use of electrokinetics for delivery of concrete sealing nanoparticles concurrent with the extraction of chlorides. Several cylinders of concrete were batched and placed in immersion at the Kennedy Space Center Beach Corrosion Test Site. The specimens were batched with steel reinforcement and a 4.5 wt.% (weight percent) content of sodium chloride. Upon arrival at Kennedy Space Center, the specimens were placed in the saltwater immersion pool at the Beach Corrosion Test Site. Following 30 days of saltwater exposure, the specimens were subjected to rapid chloride extraction concurrent with electrokinetic nanoparticle treatment. The treatments were operated at up to eight times the typical current density in order to complete the treatment in 7 days. The findings indicated that the short-term corrosion resistance of the concrete specimens was significantly enhanced as was the strength of the concrete.

Cardenas, Henry E.; Alexander, Joshua B.; Kupwade-Patil,Kunal; Calle, Luz Marina

2009-01-01

392

Electromagnetic Interference/Compatibility (EMI/EMC) Control Test and Measurement Facility: User Test Planning Guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Test process, milestones and inputs are unknowns to first-time users of the EMI/EMC Test Facility. The User Test Planning Guide aids in establishing expectations for both NASA and non-NASA facility customers. The potential audience for this guide includes both internal and commercial spaceflight hardware/software developers. It is intended to assist their test engineering personnel in test planning and execution. Material covered includes a roadmap of the test process, roles and responsibilities of facility and user, major milestones, facility capabilities, and inputs required by the facility. Samples of deliverables, test article interfaces, and inputs necessary to define test scope, cost, and schedule are included as an appendix to the guide.

Scully, Robert C.

2011-01-01

393

Development of a Large Scale, High Speed Wheel Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Draper Laboratory, with its internal research and development budget, has for the past two years been funding a joint effort with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) for the development of a large scale, high speed wheel test facility. This facility was developed to perform experiments and carry out evaluations on levitation and propulsion designs for MagLev systems currently under consideration. The facility was developed to rotate a large (2 meter) wheel which could operate with peripheral speeds of greater than 100 meters/second. The rim of the wheel was constructed of a non-magnetic, non-conductive composite material to avoid the generation of errors from spurious forces. A sensor package containing a multi-axis force and torque sensor mounted to the base of the station, provides a signal of the lift and drag forces on the package being tested. Position tables mounted on the station allow for the introduction of errors in real time. A computer controlled data acquisition system was developed around a Macintosh IIfx to record the test data and control the speed of the wheel. This paper describes the development of this test facility. A detailed description of the major components is presented. Recently completed tests carried out on a novel Electrodynamic (EDS) suspension system, developed by MIT as part of this joint effort are described and presented. Adaptation of this facility for linear motor and other propulsion and levitation testing is described.

Kondoleon, Anthony; Seltzer, Donald; Thornton, Richard; Thompson, Marc

1996-01-01

394

Space exploration initiative candidate nuclear propulsion test facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One-page descriptions for approximately 200 existing government, university, and industry facilities which may be available in the future to support SEI nuclear propulsion technology development and test program requirements are provided. To facilitate use of the information, the candidate facilities are listed both by location (Index L) and by Facility Type (Index FT). The included one-page descriptions provide a brief narrative description of facility capability, suggest potential uses for each facility, and designate a point of contact for additional information that may be needed in the future. The Nuclear Propulsion Office at NASA Lewis presently plans to maintain, expand, and update this information periodically for use by NASA, DOE, and DOD personnel involved in planning various phases of the SEI Nuclear Propulsion Project.

Baldwin, Darrell; Clark, John S.

1993-01-01

395

Space simulation in the Neutral Buoyancy Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various methods have been to simulate reduced gravity environments for space systems research and development. Neutral buoyancy has been the most universally used simulation of zero-g. This paper describes the facilities, personnel and experimental work that are associated with the Neutral Buoyancy Test Facility (NBTF) at NASA Ames Research Center (ARC). This facility provides a unique underwater environment for the researcher to simulate reduced gravity activities and evaluate the performances of space-related equipment. The NBTF's small size gives it several advantages over larger water facilities. Second, the facility is used for research purposes only, eliminating any scheduling conflicts with astronaut training. Lastly, the small volume of water allows the researcher to more easily vary the water temperature. This feature is ideal for investigations of astronaut thermal comfort and regulation. Recent investigations have used the NBTF for reduced gravity simulation of locomotion and load-carrying, among other interesting research endeavors.

Luna, Bernadette; Lomax, W. Curtis; Smith, Douglas D.

1993-01-01

396

Magnesium alloys: predicting in vivo corrosion with in vitro immersion testing.  

PubMed

Magnesium (Mg) and its alloys have been proposed as degradable replacements to commonly used orthopedic biomaterials such as titanium alloys and stainless steel. However, the corrosion of Mg in a physiological environment remains a difficult characteristic to accurately assess with in vitro methods. The aim of this study was to identify a simple in vitro immersion test that could provide corrosion rates similar to those observed in vivo. Pure Mg and five alloys (AZ31, Mg-0.8Ca, Mg-1Zn, Mg-1Mn, Mg-1.34Ca-3Zn) were immersed in either Earle's balanced salt solution (EBSS), minimum essential medium (MEM), or MEM-containing 40 g/L bovine serum albumin (MEMp) for 7, 14, or 21 days before removal and assessment of corrosion by weight loss. This in vitro data was compared to in vivo corrosion rates of the same materials implanted in a subcutaneous environment in Lewis rats for equivalent time points. The results suggested that, for the alloys investigated, the EBSS buffered with sodium bicarbonate provides a rate of degradation comparable to those observed in vivo. In contrast, the addition of components such as (4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid) (HEPES), vitamins, amino acids, and albumin significantly increased corrosion rates. Based on these findings, it is proposed that with this in vitro protocol, immersion of Mg alloys in EBSS can be used as a predictor of in vivo corrosion. PMID:22331609

Walker, Jemimah; Shadanbaz, Shaylin; Kirkland, Nicholas T; Stace, Edward; Woodfield, Tim; Staiger, Mark P; Dias, George J

2012-05-01

397

Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility: Addressing advanced nuclear materials research  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF), based at the Idaho National Laboratory in the United States, is supporting Department of Energy and industry research efforts to ensure the properties of materials in light water reactors are well understood. The ATR NSUF is providing this support through three main efforts: establishing unique infrastructure necessary to conduct research on highly radioactive materials, conducting research in conjunction with industry partners on life extension relevant topics, and providing training courses to encourage more U.S. researchers to understand and address LWR materials issues. In 2010 and 2011, several advanced instruments with capability focused on resolving nuclear material performance issues through analysis on the micro (10-6 m) to atomic (10-10 m) scales were installed primarily at the Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) in Idaho Falls, Idaho. These instruments included a local electrode atom probe (LEAP), a field-emission gun scanning transmission electron microscope (FEG-STEM), a focused ion beam (FIB) system, a Raman spectrometer, and an nanoindentor/atomic force microscope. Ongoing capability enhancements intended to support industry efforts include completion of two shielded, irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) test loops, the first of which will come online in early calendar year 2013, a pressurized and controlled chemistry water loop for the ATR center flux trap, and a dedicated facility intended to house post irradiation examination equipment. In addition to capability enhancements at the main site in Idaho, the ATR NSUF also welcomed two new partner facilities in 2011 and two new partner facilities in 2012; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) and associated hot cells and the University California Berkeley capabilities in irradiated materials analysis were added in 2011. In 2012, Purdue University’s Interaction of Materials with Particles and Components Testing (IMPACT) facility and the Pacific Northwest Nuclear Laboratory (PNNL) Radiochemistry Processing Laboratory (RPL) and PIE facilities were added. The ATR NSUF annually hosts a weeklong event called User’s Week in which students and faculty from universities as well as other interested parties from regulatory agencies or industry convene in Idaho Falls, Idaho to see presentations from ATR NSUF staff as well as select researchers from the materials research field. User’s week provides an overview of current materials research topics of interest and an opportunity for young researchers to understand the process of performing work through ATR NSUF. Additionally, to increase the number of researchers engaged in LWR materials issues, a series of workshops are in progress to introduce research staff to stress corrosion cracking, zirconium alloy degradation, and uranium dioxide degradation during in-reactor use.

John Jackson; Todd Allen; Frances Marshall; Jim Cole

2013-03-01

398

Development of a biaxial test facility for structural evaluation of aircraft fuselage panels  

SciTech Connect

The number of commercial airframes exceeding twenty years of service continues to grow. An unavoidable by-product of aircraft use is that crack and corrosion flaws develop throughout the aircraft`s skin and substructure elements. Economic barriers to the purchase of new aircraft have created an aging aircraft fleet and placed even greater demands on efficient and safe repair methods. Composite doublers, or repair patches, provide an innovative repair technique which can enhance the way aircraft are maintained. Instead of riveting multiple steel or aluminum plates to facilitate an aircraft repair, it is now possible to bond a single Boron-Epoxy composite doubler to the damaged structure. The composite doubler repair process produces both engineering and economic benefits. The FAA`s Airworthiness Assurance Center at Sandia National Labs completed a project to introduce composite doubler repair technology to the commercial aircraft industry. This paper focuses on a specialized structural test facility which was developed to evaluate the performance of composite doublers on actual aircraft structure. The facility can subject an aircraft fuselage section to a combined load environment of pressure (hoop stress) and axial, or longitudinal, stress. The tests simulate maximum cabin pressure loads and use a computerized feedback system to maintain the proper ratio between hoop and axial loads. Through the use of this full-scale test facility it was possible to: (1) assess general composite doubler response in representative flight load scenarios, and (2) verify the design and analysis approaches as applied to an L-1011 door corner repair.

Roach, D.; Walkington, P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Rice, T. [Sunwest CAD, Tijeras, NM (United States)

1998-03-01

399

An oxidation and erosion test facility for cooled panels  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Panel Oxidation and Erosion Testbed (POET) facility under construction at GASL to provide the required test environment is described. The POET facility comprises three major element including a vitiated air heater, a supersonic nozzle, and a test section. A hydrogen-fueld vitiated air heater will provide the oxidizing and erosive environment. The flow through the test section characterized by low supersonic speed and Mach number of 1.4 will maximize the local heat transfer rate and the local surface shear stress.

Swartwout, W. H.; Erdos, J. I.; Engers, R. J.; Prescott, C.

1992-01-01

400

Dynamic Response Testing in an Electrically Heated Reactor Test Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-nuclear testing can be a valuable tool in the development of a space nuclear power or propulsion system. In a non-nuclear test bed, electric heaters are used to simulate the heat from nuclear fuel. Standard testing allows one to fully assess thermal, heat transfer, and stress related attributes of a given system, but fails to demonstrate the dynamic response that

Shannon M. Bragg-Sitton; T. J. Morton

2006-01-01

401

National transonic facility shakedown test results and calibration plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the shakedown tests and the calibration plan of the National Transonic Facility (NTF) are presented. The facility is designed to operate in both air and nitrogen modes, cover Mach numbers from 0.2 to 1.2, pressures up to 8.8 atm and temperatures between 77 and 339 K. The facility data system is built around four 16-bit minicomputers with a total memory of three megabytes. A portable cryogenic chamber is available. The tunnel systems were operated in a series of tests in Mach number range of 0.2 to 1.17, pressures up to 8.5 atm, and temperatures down to 100 K. The calibration plan includes steady-state and dynamic calibration, as well as wall interference studies. The facility underwent the checkout of the model attitude, plenum isolation, and model access systems, followed by aerodynamic calibration in 1984. Schematic drawings and diagrams are included.

Bruce, W. E., Jr.; Fuller, D. E.; Igoe, W. B.

1984-01-01

402

Interim Total Containment Test Fire Facility, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report documents the results of a test program conducted within a confinement chamber called the Interim Total Containment Test Fire Facility. The objective was to determine the effectiveness of the chamber to contain the blast loads and hazardous fragments generated by the largest high explosive (HE) charge expected to be fired within the chamber. 11 references, 7 figures, 5

A. G. Papp; J. L. Nunley; G. T. West

1984-01-01

403

Runway incursion prevention system testing at the Wallops Flight Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Runway Incursion Prevention System (RIPS) integrated with a Synthetic Vision System concept (SVS) was tested at the Reno\\/Tahoe International Airport (RNO) and Wallops Flight Facility (WAL) in the summer of 2004. RIPS provides enhanced surface situational awareness and alerts of runway conflicts in order to prevent runway incidents while also improving operational capability. A series of test runs was

Denise R. Jones

2005-01-01

404

Active test of separation facility at Rokkasho reprocessing plant  

SciTech Connect

During the second and third steps of Active Test at Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant (RRP), the performances of the Separation Facility have been checked; (A) diluent washing efficiency, (B) plutonium stripping efficiency, (C) decontamination factor of fission products and (D) plutonium and uranium leakage into raffinate and spent solvent. Test results were equivalent to or better than expected. (authors)

Iseki, Tadahiro; Inaba, Makoto; Takahashi, Naoki [Separation Section, Plant Operation Department, Reprocessing Plant, Reprocessing Business Division, Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited, 4-108, Aza Okitsuke, Oaza Obuchi, Rokkasho-mura, Kamikita-gun, Aomori-ken (Japan)

2007-07-01

405

A 10 kVA load power quality testing facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses a load testing facility to test both single and three phase loads up to 10 kVA for their susceptibility to power quality disturbances. The disturbances of concern are low frequency with components up to 1 kHz and includes lower frequency harmonics and interharmonics, sags, swells, unbalance, overvoltage, undervoltage, flicker, and frequency excursions. To deal with the above,

V. J. Gosbell; B. S. P. Perera; P. Cooper; A. Jalilian

1998-01-01

406

Operational experience on the Brookhaven National Laboratory Accelerator Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

Brookhaven National Laboratory Accelerator Test Facility is a laser-electron linear accelerator complex designed to provide high brightness beams for testing of advanced acceleration concepts and high power pulsed photon sources. Results of electron beam parameters attained during the commissioning of the nominally 45 MeV energy machine are presented.

Batchelor, K.; Babzien, M.; Ben-Zvi, I. [and others

1994-09-01

407

Design And Application Of A Drill Pipe Fatigue Test Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the design and application of a fatigue testing facility for drill pipes. A reversed bending load is applied using a rotating drill pipe in a four point static bend arrangement with the possibility of applying an additional static tension load. Drill pipes were tested with and without static tension at different cyclic bending stresses. The stress

M. Veidt; A. Berezovski

408

Experimental test facility for evaluation of controls and control strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental test facility has been constructed to evaluate the operation and performance of controls for active hydronic solar energy systems. The experimental system serves to test the relative performance of different controllers and alternative control algorithms for a variety of input meteorological conditions and output load demands. The experimental system consists of a collector loop heat input simulator, a

M. L. Warren; S. R. Schiller; M. Wahlig

1980-01-01

409

Transonic cryogenic test section for the Goettingen tube facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design of modern aircraft requires the solution of problems related to transonic flow at high Reynolds numbers. To investigate these problems experimentally, it is proposed to extend the Ludwieg tube facility by adding a transonic cryogenic test section. After stating the requirements for such a test section, the technical concept is briefly explained and a preliminary estimate of the costs is given.

Hornung, H.; Hefer, G.; Krogmann, P.; Stanewsky, E.

1983-01-01

410

Semi-Span Model Testing in the National Transonic Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present work was motivated by an ongoing research program at NASA Langley Research Center to develop a semi-span testing capability for the National Transonic Facility (NTF). This test technique is being investigated as a means to design and optimize ...

N. Chokani

1994-01-01

411

Experience with superconducting cavity operation in the TESLA Test Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description of the TESLA Test Facility, which has been set up at DESY by the TESLA Collaboration, is given. Measurements of the superconducting 9-cell cavities in vertical and horizontal test cryostats are presented, as well as the experience with the first two accelerator modules in the TTF linac. Future cavity R&D efforts are described

M. Pekeler

1999-01-01

412

200 area effluent treatment facility opertaional test report  

SciTech Connect

This document reports the results of the 200 Area Effluent Treatment Facility (200 Area ETF) operational testing activities. These Operational testing activities demonstrated that the functional, operational and design requirements of the 200 Area ETF have been met and identified open items which require retesting.

Crane, A.F.

1995-10-26

413

Versatile laser glass inspection and damage testing facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

A test facility is described which detects small opaque inclusions in large transparent components by using a commercial laser which delivers high energy pulses to the test sample at moderate frequency in a small diameter beam. The sample is automatically scanned such that each point in the volume is irradiated with ten pulses at twice the inclusion damage threshold -

J. E. Marion; G. J. Greiner; J. H. Campbell; P. H. Chaffee; J. S. Hildum; J. Z. Grens; C. L. Weinzapfel; S. M. Winfree; D. Milam

1986-01-01

414

20. VIEW OF TEST FACILITY IN 1967 WHEN EQUIPPED FOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. VIEW OF TEST FACILITY IN 1967 WHEN EQUIPPED FOR DOSIMETER TEST BY HEALTH PHYSICISTS. CAMERA FACING EAST. INEL PHOTO NUMBER 76-2853, TAKEN MAY 16, 1967. PHOTOGRAPHER: CAPEK. - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Advanced Reentry Vehicle Fusing System, Scoville, Butte County, ID

415

Pressurized Helium II-Cooled Magnet Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A facility for testing superconducting magnets in a pressurized bath of helium II has been constructed and operated. The cryostat accepts magnets up to 0.32 m diameter and 1.32 m length with current to 3000 A. In initial tests, the volume of helium II sur...

R. P. Warren G. R. Lambertson W. S. Gilbert R. B. Meuser S. Caspi

1980-01-01

416

Fast Flux Test Facility replacement of a primary sodium pump  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fast Flux Test Facility is a 400 MW Thermal Sodium Cooled Fast Reactor operated by Westinghouse Hanford Company for the US Department of Energy. During startup testing in 1979, the sodium level in one of the primary sodium pumps was inadvertently raised above the normal height. This resulted in distortion of the pump shaft. Pump replacement was carried out

S. A. Krieg; J. D. Thomson

1985-01-01

417

Corrosion tests of 316L and Hastelloy C-22 in simulated tank waste solutions  

SciTech Connect

Both the 316L stainless steel and Hastelloy{reg_sign} C-22 gave satisfactory corrosion performance in the simulated test environments. They were subjected to 100 day weight loss corrosion tests and electrochemical potentiodynamic evaluation. This activity supports confirmation of the design basis for the materials of construction of process vessels and equipment used to handle the feed to the LAW-melter evaporator. BNFL process and mechanical engineering will use the information derived from this task to select material of construction for process vessels and equipment.

MJ Danielson; SG Pitman

2000-02-23

418

Large-Scale Cryogen Systems and Test Facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA has completed initial construction and verification testing of the Integrated Systems Test Facility (ISTF) Cryogenic Testbed. The ISTF is located at Complex 20 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. The remote and secure location is ideally suited for the following functions: (1) development testing of advanced cryogenic component technologies, (2) development testing of concepts and processes for entire ground support systems designed for servicing large launch vehicles, and (3) commercial sector testing of cryogenic- and energy-related products and systems. The ISTF Cryogenic Testbed consists of modular fluid distribution piping and storage tanks for liquid oxygen/nitrogen (56,000 gal) and liquid hydrogen (66,000 gal). Storage tanks for liquid methane (41,000 gal) and Rocket Propellant 1 (37,000 gal) are also specified for the facility. A state-of-the-art blast proof test command and control center provides capability for remote operation, video surveillance, and data recording for all test areas.

Johnson, R. G.; Sass, J. P.; Hatfield, W. H.

2007-01-01

419

The TESLA test facility FEL: Specifications, status and time schedule  

SciTech Connect

The TESLA Test Facility (TTF) FEL is a user facility under construction at DESY in Hamburg. The radiation wavelength will reach 6 nm, not including the planned higher harmonic radiation generated in a 1 to 1.5 meter long radiator, at a power level of several GW. Specific to the FEL are the low emittance photo injector gun, the bunch compressors, and the undulator with integrated FODO lattice.

Faatz, B. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Notkestrasse 85, 22603 Hamburg (Germany)

1997-06-01

420

Conceptual design of the MHD Engineering Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The reference conceptual design of the MHD engineering test facility, a prototype 200 MWe coal-fired electric generating plant designed to demonstrate the commerical feasibility of open cycle MHD is summarized. Main elements of the design are identified and explained, and the rationale behind them is reviewed. Major systems and plant facilities are listed and discussed. Construction cost and schedule estimates are included and the engineering issues that should be reexamined are identified.

Bents, D. J.; Bercaw, R. W.; Burkhart, J. A.; Mroz, T. S.; Rigo, H. S.; Pearson, C. V.; Warinner, D. K.; Hatch, A. M.; Borden, M.; Giza, D. A.

1981-01-01

421

Conceptual design of the MHD engineering test facility  

SciTech Connect

The reference conceptual design is summarized of the MHD Engineering Test Facility (ETF), a prototype 200 MWe coal-fired electric generating plant designed to demonstrate the commercial feasibility of open cycle MHD. Main elements of the design are identified and explained, and the rationale behind them is reviewed. Major systems and plant facilities are listed and discussed. Construction cost and schedule estimates are presented, and the engineering issues that should be reexamined are identified.

Bents, D.J.; Bercaw, R.W.; Burkhart, J.A.

1981-01-01

422

Corrosion Prevention of Rebar in Concrete in Critical Facilities Located in Coastal Environments at Okinawa.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The corrosion of steel rebar in reinforced concrete structures is a pervasive and expensive problem for the Department of Defense. The maintenance and repair costs for affected structures and equipment amounts to hundreds of millions of dollars each year,...

A. Kumar L. D. Stephenson M. Merzlikin R. Walde

2009-01-01

423

Laboratory testing of waste glass aqueous corrosion; effects of experimental parameters  

SciTech Connect

A literature survey has been performed to assess the effects of the temperature, glass surface area/leachate volume ratio, leachant composition, leachant flow rate, and glass composition (actual radioactive vs. simulated glass) used in laboratory tests on the measured glass reaction rate. The effects of these parameters must be accounted for in mechanistic models used to project glass durability over long times. Test parameters can also be utilized to highlight particular processes in laboratory tests. Waste glass corrosion results as water diffusion, ion-exchange, and hydrolysis reactions occur simultaneously to devitrify the glass and release soluble glass components into solution. The rates of these processes are interrelated by the affects of the solution chemistry and glass alteration phases on each process, and the dominant (fastest) process may change as the reaction progresses. Transport of components from the release sites into solution may also affect the observed corrosion rate. The reaction temperature will affect the rate of each process, while other parameters will affect the solution chemistry and which processes are observed during the test. The early stages of corrosion will be observed under test conditions which maintain dilute leachates and the later stages will be observed under conditions that generate more concentrated leachate solutions. Typically, water diffusion and ion-exchange reactions dominate the observed glass corrosion in dilute solutions while hydrolysis reactions dominant in more concentrated solutions. Which process(es) controls the long-term glass corrosion is not fully understood, and the long-term corrosion rate may be either transport- or reaction-limited.

Ebert, W.L.; Mazer, J.J.

1993-12-31

424

Corrosion: Understanding the basics  

SciTech Connect

This new book presents a practical how to approach to understanding and solving the problems of corrosion of structural materials. Although it is written mainly for those having a limited technical background in corrosion, it also provides more experienced engineers with a useful overview of the principles of corrosion and can be used as a general guide for developing a corrosion-control program. Contents include: the effects and economic impact of corrosion; basic concepts important to corrosion; principles of aqueous corrosion; forms of corrosion: recognition and prevention; types of corrosive environments; corrosion characteristics of structural materials; corrosion control by proper design; corrosion control by materials selection; corrosion control by protective coatings and inhibitors; corrosion control by cathodic and anodic protection; corrosion testing and monitoring; techniques for diagnosis of corrosion failures; and glossary of corrosion-related terms.

Davis, J.R. [ed.

2000-07-01

425

CORROSION STUDY FOR THE EFFLUENT TREATMENT FACILITY CHROME (VI) REDUCTANT SOLUTION USING 304 AND 316L STAINLESS STEEL  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the laboratory testing and analyses as directed under the test plan, RPP PLAN-34065, and documented in laboratory notebooks HNF 2742 and HNF-N-473-1. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the electrochemical corrosion and pitting susceptibility of the 304 and 316L stainless steel in the acidified reducing solution that will be contained in either the secondary waste receiving tank or concentrate tank.

DUNCAN JB; WYRAS RB

2007-10-08

426

Structural Integrity, Accelerated Corrosion and Flow Capacity Tests of Parker Aircraft Company Valve, Check, One-Inch, Airborne, Fuel Parker Part Number 2630014. Gd/a Part Number 27-02402-5.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two units were submitted for testing. The test program consisted of diameter measurements, accelerated corrosion, flow capacity and burst pressure tests. A 30-day accelerated corrosion test caused severe corrosion of the body base metal; but, there was no...

1964-01-01

427

Requirements for a high-power target test facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Future advances in several research areas are being based around accelerator facilities that employ targets for generating neutrons, neutrinos or rare isotopes. The demand for higher neutron intensities and particle or isotope production is driving facilities to higher accelerator powers and more intense beams on targets. The challenges to target development are significant for accepting higher power levels while maintaining reasonable lifetimes. In the case of short-pulse liquid metal spallation targets the most significant issue is cavitation damage erosion. Although research and development is underway, long-term progress is hampered by lack of a test facility that provides prototypic beam in a flexible testing and analysis environment. The requirements of such a facility are significant, but it was recognized by some in the spallation neutron source community that many of its features would be useful for the development of targets in other research areas. This paper outlines the requirements of a desired facility that serves not only the spallation source community, but also those of other research areas. The scope of requirements includes beam parameters, test cell infrastructure, remote handling, post-irradiation examination and waste handling. Discussion and consensus between the potential users is hoped to lead to collaboration towards making the facility a reality.

Riemer, Bernie W.; Gabriel, Tony A.; Haines, John R.; McManamy, Thomas J.

2006-06-01

428

Final Focus Test Facility ATF2 Status  

SciTech Connect

ATF2 is a final-focus test beam line which aims to focus the low emittance beam from the ATF damping ring to a vertical size of about 37 nm and to demonstrate nanometre level beam stability. Several advanced beam diagnostics and feedback tools are used. In December 2008, construction and installation were completed and beam commissioning started, supported by an international team of Asian, European and American scientists. In this paper, the present status and performance of the recently deployed ATF2 systems are briefly described, based on the first experience with beam measurements and tuning during winter, spring and early autumn of 2009. The near and longer term plans are outlined as well. The ATF collaboration has completed the construction of ATF2 and has started its commissioning. Important experience operating the new cavity BPM and BSM instrumentation in real conditions has been gained and first beam measurements have been performed in a magnetic configuration with reduced optical demagnification. Both horizontal and vertical emittances were successfully tuned and measured in the extraction line, with values approaching the design values of 2 nm and 12 pm, respectively. First checks of the first order optics along the beam line and at the IP were also done. Hardware developments for the second ATF2 goal are being pursued in parallel with the present commissioning work for the first goal. The collaboration is also preparing several near and long terms plans for ATF2. In the next few years, information very valuable for any future collider with local chromaticity correction and tuning of very low emittance beams can be expected. In the previous experience at the FFTB, the smallest vertical beam sizes which were achieved were about 70 nanometers. The work described here continues to address this largely unexplored regime in a systematic way.

Bambade, P.; /KEK, Tsukuba /Orsay, LAL; Seryi, A.; /SLAC; Tauchi, T.; /KEK, Tsukuba

2012-04-06

429

Langley Ground Facilities and Testing in the 21st Century  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A strategic approach for retaining and more efficiently operating the essential Langley Ground Testing Facilities in the 21st Century is presented. This effort takes advantage of the previously completed and ongoing studies at the Agency and National levels. This integrated approach takes into consideration the overall decline in test business base within the nation and reduced utilization in each of the Langley facilities with capabilities to test in the subsonic, transonic, supersonic, and hypersonic speed regimes. The strategy accounts for capability needs to meet the Agency programmatic requirements and strategic goals and to execute test activities in the most efficient and flexible facility operating structure. The structure currently being implemented at Langley offers agility to right-size our capability and capacity from a national perspective, to accommodate the dynamic nature of the testing needs, and will address the influence of existing and emerging analytical tools for design. The paradigm for testing in the retained facilities is to efficiently and reliably provide more accurate and high-quality test results at an affordable cost to support design information needs for flight regimes where the computational capability is not adequate and to verify and validate the existing and emerging computational tools. Each of the above goals are planned to be achieved, keeping in mind the increasing small industry customer base engaged in developing unpiloted aerial vehicles and commercial space transportation systems.

Ambur, Damodar R.; Kegelman, Jerome T.; Kilgore, William A.

2010-01-01

430

Ground test facility for SEI nuclear rocket engines  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) has been identified as a critical technology in support of the NASA Space Exploration Initiative (SEI). In order to safely develop a reliable, reusable, long-lived flight engine, facilities are required that will support ground tests to qualify the nuclear rocket engine design. Initial nuclear fuel element testing will need to be performed in a facility that supports a realistic thermal and neutronic environment in which the fuel elements will operate at a fraction of the power of a flight weight reactor/engine. Ground testing of nuclear rocket engines is not new. New restrictions mandated by the National Environmental Protection Act of 1970, however, now require major changes to be made in the manner in which reactor engines are now tested. These new restrictions now preclude the types of nuclear rocket engine tests that were performed in the past from being done today. A major attribute of a safely operating ground test facility is its ability to prevent fission products from being released in appreciable amounts to the environment. Details of the intricacies and complications involved with the design of a fuel element ground test facility are presented in this report with a strong emphasis on safety and economy.

Harmon, C.D.; Ottinger, C.A.; Sanchez, L.C.; Shipers, L.R.

1992-08-01

431

Facility for cold flow testing of solid rocket motor models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new cold flow test facility was designed and constructed at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center for the purpose of characterizing the flow field in the port and nozzle of solid propellant rocket motors (SRM's). A National Advisory Committee was established to include representatives from industry, government agencies, and universities to guide the establishment of design and instrumentation requirements for the new facility. This facility design includes the basic components of air storage tanks, heater, submicron filter, quiet control valve, venturi, model inlet plenum chamber, solid rocket motor (SRM) model, exhaust diffuser, and exhaust silencer. The facility was designed to accommodate a wide range of motor types and sizes from small tactical motors to large space launch boosters. This facility has the unique capability of testing ten percent scale models of large boosters such as the new Advanced Solid Rocket Motor (ASRM), at full scale motor Reynolds numbers. Previous investigators have established the validity of studying basic features of solid rocket motor development programs include the acquisition of data to (1) directly evaluate and optimize the design configuration of the propellant grain, insulation, and nozzle; and (2) provide data for validation of the computational fluid dynamics, (CFD), analysis codes and the performance analysis codes. A facility checkout model was designed, constructed, and utilized to evaluate the performance characteristics of the new facility. This model consists of a cylindrical chamber and converging/diverging nozzle with appropriate manifolding to connect it to the facility air supply. It was designed using chamber and nozzle dimensions to simulate the flow in a 10 percent scale model of the ASRM. The checkout model was recently tested over the entire range of facility flow conditions which include flow rates from 9.07 to 145 kg/sec (20 to 320 Ibm/sec) and supply pressure from 5.17 x 10 exp 5 to 8.27 x 10 exp 6 Pa. The performance of the self-pumping exhaust diffuser was verified down to exhaust pressures of 1.379 x 10 exp 4 Pa. The facility was successfully operated over the entire range of design pressures and flowrates and is available for national use by industry and government agencies requiring facilities capable of testing SRM cold flow models to support development programs or resolve problems arising on operational flight systems.

Bacchus, D. L.; Hill, O. E.; Whitesides, R. Harold

1992-02-01

432

Accelerated corrosion testing, evaluation and durability design of bonded post-tensioned concrete tendons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the last few years, the effectiveness of cement grout in galvanized or polyethylene ducts, the most widely used corrosion protection system for multistrand bonded post-tensioned concrete tendons, has been under debate, due to significant tendon corrosion damage, several reported failures of individual tendons as well as a few collapses of non-typical structures. While experience in the USA has been generally good, some foreign experience has been less than satisfactory. This dissertation is part of a comprehensive research program started in 1993, which has the objectives to examine the use of post-tensioning in bridge substructures, identify durability concerns and existing technology, develop and carry out an experimental testing program, and conclude with durability design guidelines. Three experimental programs were developed: A long term macrocell corrosion test series, to investigate corrosion protection for internal tendons in precast segmental construction; a long term beam corrosion test series, to examine the effects of post-tensioning on corrosion protection as affected by crack width; and, a long term column corrosion test series, to examine corrosion protection in vertical elements. Preliminary design guidelines were developed previously in the overall study by the initial researchers, after an extensive literature review. This dissertation scope includes continuation of exposure testing of the macrocell, beam and column specimens, performing comprehensive autopsies of selected specimens and updating the durability design guidelines based on the exposure testing and autopsy results. After autopsies were performed, overall findings indicate negative durability effects due to the use of mixed reinforcement, small concrete covers, galvanized steel ducts, and industry standard or heat-shrink galvanized duct splices. The width of cracks was shown to have a direct negative effect on specimen performance. Grout voids were found to be detrimental to the durability of both galvanized ducts and strand. Relying on epoxy and galvanized bar coatings was also found inappropriate because of local attack. On the other hand, very positive effects were found with the use of high performance concrete, high post-tensioning levels, plastic ducts, and sound epoxy filling at the joints.

Salas Pereira, Ruben Mario

2003-06-01

433

Corrosion Testing of Ni Alloy HVOF Coatings in High Temperature Environments for Biomass Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports the corrosion behavior of Ni alloy coatings deposited by high velocity oxyfuel spraying, and representative boiler substrate alloys in simulated high temperature biomass combustion conditions. Four commercially available oxidation resistant Ni alloy coating materials were selected: NiCrBSiFe, alloy 718, alloy 625, and alloy C-276. These were sprayed onto P91 substrates using a JP5000 spray system. The corrosion performance of the coatings varied when tested at ~525, 625, and 725 °C in K2SO4-KCl mixture and gaseous HCl-H2O-O2 containing environments. Alloy 625, NiCrBSiFe, and alloy 718 coatings performed better than alloy C-276 coating at 725 °C, which had very little corrosion resistance resulting in degradation similar to uncoated P91. Alloy 625 coatings provided good protection from corrosion at 725 °C, with the performance being comparable to wrought alloy 625, with significantly less attack of the substrate than uncoated P91. Alloy 625 performs best of these coating materials, with an overall ranking at 725 °C as follows: alloy 625 > NiCrBSiFe > alloy 718 ? alloy C-276. Although alloy C-276 coatings performed poorly in the corrosion test environment at 725 °C, at lower temperatures (i.e., below the eutectic temperature of the salt mixture) it outperformed the other coating types studied.

Paul, S.; Harvey, M. D. F.

2013-03-01

434

Basalt near-surface test facility test plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NSTF is under construction at Gable Mountain for in-situ testing, which will be conducted in two phases: Phase I, using electric heaters to simulate nuclear waste canisters in order to study the thermomechanical response of basalt; and Phase II, using spent fuel canisters. The tests planned for Phases I and II are described. (DLC)

Krug

1979-01-01

435

Fragment hazard zone analyses for explosive test facilities  

SciTech Connect

The analytical procedures for establishing the fragment hazard zone for explosive test facilities are presented. Environment, safety and health regulations require that a hazard zone analysis be conducted for every explosive test facility. Analyses are presented for explosively driven missile fragment trajectories resultant from cased explosive configurations. Fragment trajectory parameter data are presented in graphical form for three different fragment materials (aluminum, steel and tantalum), initial velocities between 0.6mm/{mu}s (2000 ft/sec) to 4.3mm/{mu}s (14,000 ft/sec), and for various geometries. This trajectory information is used, as an example, to determine the safe distance or hazard zone for the Area 2 explosive test facility at Sandia National Laboratories.

Vigil, M.G.

1992-05-01

436

High Power RF Test Facility at the SNS  

SciTech Connect

RF Test Facility has been completed in the SNS project at ORNL to support test and conditioning operation of RF subsystems and components. The system consists of two transmitters for two klystrons powered by a common high voltage pulsed converter modulator that can provide power to two independent RF systems. The waveguides are configured with WR2100 and WR1150 sizes for presently used frequencies: 402.5 MHz and 805 MHz. Both 402.5 MHz and 805 MHz systems have circulator protected klystrons that can be powered by the modulator capable of delivering 11 MW peak and 1 MW average power. The facility has been equipped with computer control for various RF processing and complete dual frequency operation. More than forty 805 MHz fundamental power couplers for the SNS superconducting linac (SCL) cavities have been RF conditioned in this facility. The facility provides more than 1000 ft2 floor area for various test setups. The facility also has a shielded cave area that can support high power tests of normal conducting and superconducting accelerating cavities and components.

Y.W. Kang; D.E. Anderson; I.E. Campisi; M. Champion; M.T. Crofford; R.E. Fuja; P.A. Gurd; S. Hasan; K.-U. Kasemir; M.P. McCarthy; D. Stout; J.Y. Tang; A.V. Vassioutchenko; M. Wezensky; G.K. Davis; M. A. Drury; T. Powers; M. Stirbet

2005-05-16

437

NASA's Advanced Life Support Systems Human-Rated Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future NASA missions to explore the solar system will be long-duration missions, requiring human life support systems which must operate with very high reliability over long periods of time. Such systems must be highly regenerative, requiring minimum resupply, to enable the crews to be largely self-sufficient. These regenerative life support systems will use a combination of higher plants, microorganisms, and physicochemical processes to recycle air and water, produce food, and process wastes. A key step in the development of these systems is establishment of a human-rated test facility specifically tailored to evaluation of closed, regenerative life supports systems--one in which long-duration, large-scale testing involving human test crews can be performed. Construction of such a facility, the Advanced Life Support Program's (ALS) Human-Rated Test Facility (HRTF), has begun at NASA's Johnson Space Center, and definition of systems and development of initial outfitting concepts for the facility are underway. This paper will provide an overview of the HRTF project plan, an explanation of baseline configurations, and descriptive illustrations of facility outfitting concepts.

Henninger, D. L.; Tri, T. O.; Packham, N. J.

1996-01-01

438

In-situ ESD testing at ESTEC's SORASI facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geosynchronous orbit satellites undergo charging by the environment and possible subsequent operation anomalies triggered by sudden discharge. Thermal control materials on spacecrafts can cause problems of electrostatic charges because of their dielectrical nature. Since differential charging is considered the main reason for discharges to occur it is very hard to predict whether a material is prone for electrostatic discharge. The aim of this report is to evaluate the electrical conductivity properties of different Kapton foils as well as thermal control paints exposed to electron radiation under vacuum. Testing was performed at ESTEC's SORASI (Solar Radiation Simulator) test facility. This facility enables simultaneous irradiation of temperature-controlled samples to x-ray, electrons (5-20 keV) and vacuum UV (110-200nm). For this test set-up an electrostatic voltmeter was adapted to the test facility. Only the electron gun was used from the SORASI facility to perform the tests. Conductivity studies under electron irradiation were performed on different Kapton foils as well as thermal control paints with different temperatures between -130°C & +120°C under high vacuum. For the purpose of this test campaign the maximum charge has been limited for Kapton foils to about 600 V and 4000 V for white thermal control paints. Results of charging effects as a function of temperature are presented with a resolution limit of 10 V.

Polsak, A.; van Eesbeek, M.; Semprimoschnig, C. O. A.

2003-09-01

439

C-ring stress corrosion test for Inconel 600 and Inconel 690 sleeve joint welded by Nd:YAG laser  

Microsoft Academic Search

C-ring stress corrosion test for Inconel 600 and Inconel 690 sleeve joint welded by Nd:YAG laser were carried out to evaluate the applicability of the technique in the repair of heat exchanger tube of nuclear power plant. Corrosion test were carried out mainly in caustic solution. The applied stresses range between 207 and 414 MPa at 348 °C and the

Jae-Do Kim; Ju-Hong Moon

2004-01-01

440

Switch evaluation test system for the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

Flashlamp pumped lasers use pulsed power switches to commute energy stored in capacitor banks to the flashlamps. The particular application in which the authors are interested is the National Ignition Facility (NIF), being designed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). To lower the total cost of these switches, SNL has a research program to evaluate large closing switches. The target value of the energy switched by a single device is 1.6 MJ, from a 6 mF, 24kV capacitor bank. The peak current is 500 kA. The lifetime of the NIF facility is 24,000 shots. There is no switch today proven at these parameters. Several short-lived switches (100`s of shots) exist that can handle the voltage and current, but would require maintenance during the facility life. Other type devices, notably ignitrons, have published lifetimes in excess of 20,000 shots, but at lower currents and shorter pulse widths. The goal of the experiments at SNL is to test switches with the full NIF wave shape, and at the correct voltage. The SNL facility can provide over 500 kA at 24 kV charge voltage. the facility has 6.4 mF total capacitance, arranged in 25 sub-modules. the modular design makes the facility more flexible (for possible testing at lower current) and safer. For pulse shaping (the NIF wave shape is critically damped) there is an inductor and resistor for each of the 25 modules. Rather than one large inductor and resistor, this lowers the current in the pulse shaping components, and raises their value to those more easily attained with lumped inductors and resistors. The authors show the design of the facility, and show results from testing conducted thus far. They also show details of the testing plan for high current switches.

Savage, M.E.; Simpson, W.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). High Energy Plasma Physics Dept.; Sharpe, R.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). High Energy Plasma Physics Dept.]|[Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Reynolds, F.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). High Energy Plasma Physics Dept.]|[Tektronix, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1997-07-01

441

Radio Frequency Shielding Tests of System Technology Test Facility at Meck Island, Marshall Islands.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of tests and inspections performed to verify the shielding integrity of the newly constructed Systems Technology Test Facility (STTF) on Meck Island, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. Recommendations for improvement of th...

P. H. Nielsen

1977-01-01

442

North Face Research Accommodations at the Air Force Nuclear Engineering Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the experimental research facilities located on the north face of the Air Force Nuclear Engineering Test Facility (AFNETF). This facility is a 10 megawatt nuclear reactor. These north face facilities include the horizontal and vertica...

A. N. Fasano D. T. Clark

1966-01-01

443

Optimisation of altitude test facilities through tuning of air ejectors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The operational capabilities of a Liquid Apogee Motor are evaluated on ground under nozzle full flow condition. Such conditions are simulated in the Altitude Simulation Facilities in which highly expanded nozzles are tested. Salient features of a simple altitude test facility using two stage air ejectors are described. The configuration of the diffuser-ejector system is arrived at based on supersonic and subsonic compressible fluid theory and few empirical relationship. A detailed study on the tuning of the stage ejectors has been carried out and the results are presented. The pumping characteristics of air ejectors and its operation capabilities are also discussed in detail.

Nicholas, T. M. T.; Manohar, D. R.; Muthunayagam, A. E.

444

R and D needs assessment for the Engineering Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

The Engineering Test Facility (ETF), planned to be the next major US magnetic fusion device, has its mission (1) to provide the capability for moving into the engineering phase of fusion development and (2) to provide a test-bed for reactor components in a fusion environment. The design, construction, and operation of the ETF requires an increasing emphasis on certain key research and development (R and D) programs in magnetic fusion in order to provide the necessary facility design base. This report identifies these needs and discusses the apparent inadequacies of the presently planned US program to meet them, commensurate with the ETF schedule.

Not Available

1980-10-01

445

The NASA JSC Hypervelocity Impact Test Facility (HIT-F)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Johnson Space Center Hypervelocity Impact Test Facility was created in 1980 to study the hypervelocity impact characteristics of composite materials. The facility consists of the Hypervelocity Impact Laboratory (HIRL) and the Hypervelocity Analysis Laboratory (HAL). The HIRL supports three different-size light-gas gun ranges which provide the capability of launching particle sizes from 100 micron spheres to 12.7 mm cylinders. The HAL performs three functions: (1) the analysis of data collected from shots in the HIRL, (2) numerical and analytical modeling to predict impact response beyond test conditions, and (3) risk and damage assessments for spacecraft exposed to the meteoroid and orbital debris environments.

Crews, Jeanne L.; Christiansen, Eric L.

1992-01-01

446

Real-time optical measurement of alkali species in air for jet engine corrosion testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurement of the corrosion potential of engines that must operate in a marine environment is a critical step in procuring new aircraft for the U.S. Navy. Such testing is performed in special engine test cells in which engines are exposed to a saline aerosol. Development of an on-line, non-intrusive measurement can reduce the cost to the Navy of engine testing

K. W. Holtzclaw; J. Moore; C. L. Senior

1993-01-01

447

2000-hour stress-corrosion cracking tests on 90-10 cupronickel in simulated Hanford groundwater  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-loaded fracture mechanics specimens were tested in simulated groundwater at 150\\/degree\\/C to evaluate the susceptibility of 90-10 cupronickel to environmentally enhanced cracking. The test duration was 2000 hours. Electron fractographic evidence indicated that no stress corrosion cracking occurred during the test. Compliance methods demonstrated that a substantial amount of crack extension did not occur during the 2000-hour exposure, but this

1987-01-01

448

The effect of testing temperature on corrosion–erosion resistance of martensitic stainless steels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional AISI 420 and high-nitrogen martensitic stainless steels were tested under corrosion–erosion conditions in slurry composed by substitute ocean water and quartz particles. The tests were performed at 0, 25, and 70°C, with mean impact angles of 20 and 90°. Polarization tests in H2SO4 solution containing chloride ions were also carried out at the same temperatures. Both conventional and high-nitrogen

D. H. Mesa; A. Toro; A. Sinatora; A. P. Tschiptschin

2003-01-01

449

Double loop electrochemical potentiokinetic reactivation test optimization in checking of duplex stainless steel intergranular corrosion susceptibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The double loop electrochemical potentiokinetic reactivation (DL-EPR) test using an electrolyte of 33 pct H2SO4 solution with 0.3 pct HCl, at room temperature and at a potential scan rate dE\\/dt of about 2.5 mV\\/s, was chosen to evaluate the sensitization of austeno-ferritic duplex stainless steels (DSS). Reproducible\\u000a and optimal test responses and high test selectivity in detecting integranular corrosion (IGC)

T. Amadou; H. Sidhom; C. Braham

2004-01-01

450

Assessment of the National Transonic Facility for Laminar Flow Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A transonic wing, designed to accentuate key transition physics, is tested at cryogenic conditions at the National Transonic Facility at NASA Langley. The collaborative test between Boeing and NASA is aimed at assessing the facility for high-Reynolds number testing of configurations with significant regions of laminar flow. The test shows a unit Reynolds number upper limit of 26 M/ft for achieving natural transition. At higher Reynolds numbers turbulent wedges emanating from the leading edge bypass the natural transition process and destroy the laminar flow. At lower Reynolds numbers, the transition location is well correlated with the Tollmien-Schlichting-wave N-factor. The low-Reynolds number results suggest that the flow quality is acceptable for laminar flow testing if the loss of laminar flow due to bypass transition can be avoided.

Crouch, Jeffrey D.; Sutanto, Mary I.; Witkowski, David P.; Watkins, A. Neal; Rivers, Melissa B.; Campbell, Richard L.

2010-01-01

451

Evaluation of a steady state MPD thruster test facility  

SciTech Connect

The successful development of multimegawatt MPD thrusters depends, to a great extent, on testing them under steady state high altitude space conditions. Steady state testing is required to provide thermal characteristics, life cycle, erosion, and other essential data. the major technical obstacle for ground testing of MPD thrusters in a space simulation facility is the inability of state-of-the-art vacuum systems to handle the tremendous pumping speeds required for multimegawatt MPD thrusters. This is true for other types of electric propulsion devices as well. This paper discusses the results of the first phase of an evaluation of steady state MPD thruster test facilities. The first phase addresses the conceptual design of vacuum systems required to support multimegawatt MPD thruster testing. Three advanced pumping system concepts were evaluated and are presented here.

Reed, C.B.; Carlson, L.W.; Herman, H.; Doss, E.D.; Kilgore, O.

1985-01-01

452

Sub-categorisation of skin corrosive chemicals by the EpiSkin™ reconstructed human epidermis skin corrosion test method according to UN GHS: revision of OECD Test Guideline 431.  

PubMed

The EpiSkin™ skin corrosion test method was formally validated and adopted within the context of OECD TG 431 for identifying corrosive and non-corrosive chemicals. The EU Classification, Labelling and Packaging Regulation (EU CLP) system requires the sub-categorisation of corrosive chemicals into the three UN GHS optional subcategories 1A, 1B and 1C. The present study was undertaken to investigate the usefulness of the validated EpiSkin™ test method to identify skin corrosive UN GHS Categories 1A, 1B and 1C using the original and validated prediction model and adapted controls for direct MTT reduction. In total, 85 chemicals selected by the OECD expert group on skin corrosion were tested in three independent runs. The results obtained were highly reproducible both within (>80%) and between (>78%) laboratories when compared with historical data. Moreover the results obtained showed that the EpiSkin™ test method is highly sensitive (99%) and specific (80%) in discriminating corrosive from non-corrosive chemicals and allows reliable and relevant identification of the different skin corrosive UN GHS subcategories, with high accuracies being obtained for both UN GHS Categories 1A (83%) and 1B/1C (76%) chemicals. The overall accuracy of the test method to subcategorise corrosive chemicals into three or two UN GHS subcategories ranged from 75% to 79%. Considering those results, the revised OECD Test Guideline 431 permit the use of EpiSkin™ for subcategorising corrosive chemicals into at least two classes (Category 1A and Category 1B/1C). PMID:24211528

Alépée, N; Grandidier, M H; Cotovio, J

2014-03-01

453

Cryogenic infrastructure for Fermilab's ILC vertical cavity test facility  

SciTech Connect

Fermilab is building a Vertical Cavity Test Facility (VCTF) to provide for R&D and pre-production testing of bare 9-cell, 1.3-GHz superconducting RF (SRF) cavities for the International Linear Collider (ILC) program. This facility is located in the existing Industrial Building 1 (IB1) where the Magnet Test Facility (MTF) also resides. Helium and nitrogen cryogenics are shared between the VCTF and MTF including the existing 1500-W at 4.5-K helium refrigerator with vacuum pumping for super-fluid operation (125-W capacity at 2-K). The VCTF is being constructed in multiple phases. The first phase is scheduled for completion in mid 2007, and includes modifications to the IB1 cryogenic infrastructure to allow helium cooling to be directed to either the VCTF or MTF as scheduling demands require. At this stage, the VCTF consists of one Vertical Test Stand (VTS) cryostat for the testing of one cavity in a 2-K helium bath. Planning is underway to provide a total of three Vertical Test Stands at VCTF, each capable of accommodating two cavities. Cryogenic infrastructure improvements necessary to support these additional VCTF test stands include a dedicated ambient temperature vacuum pump, a new helium purification skid, and the addition of helium gas storage. This paper describes the system design and initial cryogenic operation results for the first VCTF phase, and outlines future cryogenic infrastructure upgrade plans for expanding to three Vertical Test Stands.

Carcagno, R.; Ginsburg, C.; Huang, Y.; Norris, B.; Ozelis, J.; Peterson, T.; Poloubotko, V.; Rabehl, R.; Sylvester, C.; Wong, M.; /Fermilab

2006-06-01

454