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1

Ethical Issues in Counseling Gender, Race, and Culturally Distinct Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the complex ethical and cultural issues that arise when counseling women, Blacks, ethnic minorities, poor people, lesbians, and gays. Common dilemmas arising from the social context of the counselor-client relationship, the need to respect client autonomy, and the imperative for ethical and quality health care are outlined and discussed,…

Cayleff, Susan E.

1986-01-01

2

Relational ethics and genetic counseling.  

PubMed

Genetic counseling is viewed as a therapeutic interrelationship between genetic counselors and their clients. In a previous relational ethics research project, various themes were identified as key components of relational ethics practice grounded in everyday health situations. In this article the relational ethics approach is further explored in the context of genetic counseling to enhance our understanding of how the counselor-client relationship is contextually developed and maintained. Qualitative interviews were conducted with six adult clients undergoing genetic counseling for predictive testing. Engagement, dialogue and presence were revealed as relevant to genetic counselor-client relationships. A relational ethics approach in genetic counseling challenges the concept of nondirectiveness and may enhance the outcome of counseling for both counselor and client. PMID:15362355

Evans, Marilyn; Bergum, Vangie; Bamforth, Stephen; MacPhail, Sandra

2004-09-01

3

Marriage and Family Counseling: Ethics in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Codes of ethics typically provide rules and guidelines for best practices in marriage and family counseling. An emerging model for ethical decision making emphasizes the ethics of virtues and aspirations. Exploring fundamental models of helping, as well as contemporary issues in community systems, affords context for examining the professional…

Southern, Stephen; Smith, Robert L.; Oliver, Marvarene

2005-01-01

4

The Ethics of Prayer in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spirituality has become increasingly important in counseling, with prayer being the spiritual intervention of choice for Christian counselors. The controversial nature of including prayer in counseling requires careful consideration of ethical issues. This article addresses the intersection of spiritual interventions, particularly prayer, with…

Weld, Chet; Eriksen, Karen

2007-01-01

5

Ethical Dilemmas in Multicultural Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a random survey of counselors working with socioracial minority clients (N=256), multicultural ethical dilemmas were rated according to frequency encountered and significance. Comparisons of counselors' ratings of multicultural ethical dilemmas determined specific dilemmas relevant to counselors in various professional settings. (Contains 33…

Sadeghi, Maria; Fischer, Jerome M.; House, Sean G.

2003-01-01

6

Conversion Therapy: Ethical Considerations in Family Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the ethical and practical considerations of conversion therapy when counseling families and individuals within families with gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transsexual concerns. Emphasis is placed on the need for counselors to assess personal biases in the area of working with sexual minorities. Presents a reflective exercise and case study…

Steigerwald, Fran; Janson, Gregory R.

2003-01-01

7

Cultural Accommodation Model of Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current article provides an overview to the cultural accommodation model (CAM) of counseling (Leong & Lee, 2006) that may help guide employment counselors' work. The integrative multidimensional model of cross-cultural counseling (Leong, 1996), a precursor to the CAM, is also reviewed.

Leong, Frederick T. L.

2011-01-01

8

Ethical Fairy Tales: Using Fairy Tales as Illustrative Ethical Dilemmas with Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning to navigate ethical dilemmas is important in counseling students' training. According to the Council for the Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (2009 standards, counseling students must receive ethics education. A common goal for counselor educators is to assist students in translating ethical theory into…

Henderson, Kathryn L.; Malone, Stefanie L.

2012-01-01

9

Cross-Cultural Counseling Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines problems and concerns of cross cultural counseling and psychotherapy. Raises specific questions concerning research designs and approaches, differences in cosmology, epistemology, differences in nosology, and problems of evaluation or testing. (JAC)

Ahia, Chikezie Emmanuel

1984-01-01

10

Counseling Clients Who Self-Injure: Ethical Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of ethical considerations related to counseling clients who engage in self-injurious behaviors. Ethical issues concerning client welfare, counselor competence, countertransference, referral and consultation, informed consent, and duty to protect are discussed in relation to the American Counseling Association's (1995) "Code of…

White, Victoria E.; McCormick, Laura J.; Kelly, Brandy L.

2003-01-01

11

Impact of human genome initiative-derived technology on genetic testing, screening and counseling: Cultural, ethical and legal issues  

SciTech Connect

Genetic medical services provided by the Georgia Division of Public Health in two northern and two central districts are compared to services provided in a district in which a tertiary care facility is located. Genetics outreach public health nurses play key roles in Georgia's system of Children's Health Services Genetics Program, including significant roles as counselors and information sources on special needs social services and support organizations. Unique features of individual health districts, (e.g., the changing face of some rural communities in ethnocultural diversity and socioeconomic character), present new challenges to current and future genetics services delivery. Preparedness as to educational needs of both health professionals and the lay population is of foremost concern in light of the ever expanding knowledge and technology in medical genetics. Perspectives on genetics and an overview of services offered by a local private sector counselor are included for comparison to state supported services. The nature of the interactions which transpire between private and public genetic services resources in Georgia will be described. A special focus of this research includes issues associated with sickle cell disease newborn screening service delivery process in Georgia, with particular attention paid to patient follow-up and transition to primary care. Of particular interest to this focus is the problem of loss to follow-up in the current system. Critical factors in education and counseling of sickle cell patients and the expectations of expanding roles of primary care physicians are discussed. The Florida approach to the delivery of genetic services contrasts to the Georgia model by placing more emphasis on a consultant-specialist team approach.

Trottier, R.W.; Hodgin, F.C.; Imara, M.; Phoenix, D.; Lybrook, S. (Morehouse Coll., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Medicine); Crandall, L.A.; Moseley, R.E.; Armotrading, D. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States). Coll. of Medicine)

1993-01-01

12

The "ACA Code of Ethics": Articulating Counseling's Professional Covenant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "ACA Code of Ethics" (American Counseling Association, 2005) is an articulation of the ever-changing relationship between counseling professionals and society. It provides clear parameters of behaviors to meet the changing needs of the people counselors are called to serve. This article reviews the 2005 "Code" as both a statement of counselor…

Ponton, Richard F.; Duba, Jill D.

2009-01-01

13

Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling. Chapter 3: Legal Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains chapter 3 (7 articles) of a collection of 35 articles primarily from American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) publications on the most important legal and ethical topics about which all school counselors need to be informed. "The Law and Ethical Practices in Elementary and Middle Schools" (Theodore P.…

Remley, Theodore P., Jr.; And Others

14

Ethical Issues in the Teaching of Group Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of having professors or supervised doctoral students leading laboratory groups for students in masters-level group counseling courses is widespread. There are, however, a number of ethical considerations which render this practice problematic, as well as alternative solutions with fewer potential ethical conflicts.

Davenport, Donna S.

2004-01-01

15

Ethics Programs in Global Businesses: Culture's Role in Managing Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even if there were widespread cross-cultural agreement on the normative issues of business ethics, corporate ethics management initiatives (e.g., codes of conduct, ethics telephone lines, ethics offices) which are appropriate in one cultural setting still could fail to mesh with the management practices and cultural characteristics of a different setting. By uncritically adopting widely promoted American practices for managing corporate

Gary R. Weaver

2001-01-01

16

Cultural and Diversity Issues in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling has been culturally diversified for a long time, but only in recent years have counselors become aware of their clients' cultural diversity. This collection of articles addresses a growing need for specific information on multicultural concerns in counseling. The emphasis here is on the importance of the client and client's special…

Pedersen, Paul B., Ed.; Locke, Don C., Ed.

17

Ethical Dilemmas in College Counseling Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a survey of ethical dilemmas faced by college counselors are presented. Findings and implications are discussed as they relate to types and frequencies of ethical dilemmas encountered and how they are resolved. A typical ethical dilemma is described. (Author)

Hayman, Peter M.; Covert, Joy A.

1986-01-01

18

Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, and Counseling Ethics: Not an Abstraction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several decades, increased attention has been given to ethics in the preparation of counselors and psychologists. With that increase comes a number of voices calling for exposure to and integration of not only moral philosophy but other areas of philosophy to enhance understanding and provide a foundation for counseling practice. The…

Urofsky, Robert I.; Engels, Dennis W.

2003-01-01

19

Genetic counseling and ethical issues for autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exciting progress is being made in the journey toward discovery of genes conferring risk for autism and autism spectrum disorders. Currently, genetic counseling for idiopathic autism rests on clinical diagnosis and empiric risk estimates. While no genetic test for risk of autism currently exists, it is possible that such a test may emerge in the near future, and that commercial

William M. McMahon; Bonnie Jeanne Baty; Jeffrey Botkin

2006-01-01

20

Culture, Ethics, Scripts, and Gifts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses gift-giving patterns in different cultures, particularly in relation to teacher-student interactions in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction. Situations in which gift-giving can raise ethical questions and how to teach culturally diverse students about this issue are highlighted. Script theory provides a theoretical basis for…

Messerschmitt, Dorothy; Hafernik, Johnnie Johnson; Vandrick, Stephanie

1997-01-01

21

Culturally Considerate School Counseling: Helping without Bias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author brings her counseling expertise, personal experience, and compassionate perspective to this practical resource that cultivates "cultural competence"--essential for work with diverse populations. Expanding the definition of culture, this book addresses how biases have evolved in new and challenging ways, and provides strategies to help…

Anderson, Kim L.

2010-01-01

22

Characteristics of Ethical Business Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify general characteristics attributed to ethical business cultures by executives from a variety of industries. Our research identified five clusters of characteristics: (1) Mission- and Values-Driven; (2) Stakeholder Balance; (3) Leadership Effectiveness; (4) Process Integrity; and (5) Long-term Perspective.…

Ardichvili, Alexandre A.; Jondle, Douglas J.; Mitchell, James A.

2008-01-01

23

The Practical Aspects of Online Counseling: Ethics, Training, Technology, and Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the practical aspects of online counseling, including ethics, training, supervision, technology, and competency issues. The authors discuss online counseling's strengths and limitations and present guidelines for what types of clients and counseling psychologists may be appropriate for online counseling. To illustrate the…

Mallen, Michael J.; Vogel, David L.; Rochlen, Aaron B.

2005-01-01

24

Culture-Specific Counseling: An Alternative Training Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promotes culture-specific counseling approach, which starts with the culture and its people and searches out natural helping styles. Uses case model drawn from African-Igbo culture and applies anthropological constructs that seek to discover more culturally sensitive approach to counseling theory, to training in counseling skills and knowledge,…

Nwachuku, Uchenna T.; Ivey, Allen E.

1991-01-01

25

Ethical Crises and Cultural Differences  

PubMed Central

Generalizations about patients without careful attention to their cultural background, their values and norms could lead to a number of ethical crises. The informed consent, disclosure of diagnosis and prognosis, and discussions of termination of treatment are reflections of Western cultural values. They represent respect for autonomy of clients and respect for openness in communications. For patients from other cultures such practices have different meanings that may violate their own values. The result of such conflict in practices and meanings can render the relationship between patients and health care personnel difficult at best and distrustful at worst. PMID:6613119

Meleis, Afaf Ibrahim; Jonsen, Albert R.

1983-01-01

26

Ethics and Culture in Mental Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the complex relationship between culture, values, and ethics in mental health care. Cultural competence is a practical, concrete demonstration of the ethical principles of respect for persons, beneficence (doing good), nonmaleficence (not doing harm), and justice (treating people fairly)—the cornerstones of modern ethical codes for the health professions. Five clinical cases are presented to illustrate the range

Jinger G. Hoop; Tony DiPasquale; Juan M. Hernandez; Laura Weiss Roberts

2008-01-01

27

Guidelines for a Cross-Cultural Counseling Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents guidelines for planning and teaching a cross-cultural counseling course. Problems encountered in defining the culturally different are discussed. Ten minimum course objectives are presented and three ways that a professor may focus on the impact of culture on the counseling process and address the counseling relationship,…

Vontress, Clemmont E.; Jackson, Morris L.

28

Forging the Link between Multicultural Competence and Ethical Counseling Practice: A Historical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognition of multicultural competence as an essential component of ethical counseling practice is a growing trend. This article presents a historical perspective of salient events that have contributed to forging a link between multicultural competence and ethical behavior. Multicultural counseling is traced from its beginnings to its emergence…

Watson, Zarus E. P.; Herlihy, Barbara Richter; Pierce, Latoya Anderson

2006-01-01

29

The Conflict Between Ethics and Business in Community Pharmacy: What About Patient Counseling?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patient counseling is a cornerstone of ethical pharmacy practice and high quality pharmaceutical care. Counseling promotes patient compliance with prescription regimens and prevents dangerous drug interactions and medication errors. Counseling also promotes informed consent and protects pharmacists against legal risks. However, economic, social, and technological changes in pharmacy practice often force community pharmacists to choose between their professional obligations to

David B. Resnik; Paul L. Ranelli; Susan P. Resnik

2000-01-01

30

An Existential Approach to Cross-Cultural Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines existentialism, culture, and cross-cultural counseling and explains how various existential concepts can serve as guidelines for cross-cultural counseling. Advocates finding approach to help counselors and counselor trainees understand how their own cultural identities affect their ability to help culturally different clients. (NB)

Vontress, Clemmont E.

1988-01-01

31

Impact of human genome initiative-derived technology on genetic testing, screening and counseling: Cultural, ethical and legal issues. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

Genetic medical services provided by the Georgia Division of Public Health in two northern and two central districts are compared to services provided in a district in which a tertiary care facility is located. Genetics outreach public health nurses play key roles in Georgia`s system of Children`s Health Services Genetics Program, including significant roles as counselors and information sources on special needs social services and support organizations. Unique features of individual health districts, (e.g., the changing face of some rural communities in ethnocultural diversity and socioeconomic character), present new challenges to current and future genetics services delivery. Preparedness as to educational needs of both health professionals and the lay population is of foremost concern in light of the ever expanding knowledge and technology in medical genetics. Perspectives on genetics and an overview of services offered by a local private sector counselor are included for comparison to state supported services. The nature of the interactions which transpire between private and public genetic services resources in Georgia will be described. A special focus of this research includes issues associated with sickle cell disease newborn screening service delivery process in Georgia, with particular attention paid to patient follow-up and transition to primary care. Of particular interest to this focus is the problem of loss to follow-up in the current system. Critical factors in education and counseling of sickle cell patients and the expectations of expanding roles of primary care physicians are discussed. The Florida approach to the delivery of genetic services contrasts to the Georgia model by placing more emphasis on a consultant-specialist team approach.

Trottier, R.W.; Hodgin, F.C.; Imara, M.; Phoenix, D.; Lybrook, S. [Morehouse Coll., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Medicine] [Morehouse Coll., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Medicine; Crandall, L.A.; Moseley, R.E.; Armotrading, D. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States). Coll. of Medicine] [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States). Coll. of Medicine

1993-03-01

32

Ethics in Case Conceptualization and Diagnosis: Incorporating a Medical Model into the Developmental Counseling Tradition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this literature review, the author focuses on several ethical considerations in case conceptualization and diagnosis, including diagnostic training and competence. Meeting the American Counseling Association's (1995) ethical standard for diagnostic training has several ethical implications for counselors, counselor educators, and supervisors.…

Dougherty, Jennifer L.

2005-01-01

33

Cultural Values, Counseling Stigma, and Intentions to Seek Counseling among Asian American College Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored the extent to which Asian American college women's perceived stigma about counseling mediated the relationship between their adherence to Asian cultural values and intentions to seek counseling, Participants, 201 Asian American college women (age range = 18-24 years), completed measures of Asian cultural values, perceived…

Miville, Marie L.; Constantine, Madonna G.

2007-01-01

34

The Use of Touch in Counseling: An Ethical Decision-Making Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although some counselors have advocated for the limited use of touch in counseling, others have argued that touch has no place within the counseling relationship. Despite the controversy, the use of touch has been shown to have a number of therapeutic benefits; however, there are few ethical decision-making models that are appropriate for…

Calmes, Stephanie A.; Piazza, Nick J.; Laux, John M.

2013-01-01

35

Genetic counseling and the ethical issues around direct to consumer genetic testing.  

PubMed

Over the last several years, direct to consumer(DTC) genetic testing has received increasing attention in the public, healthcare and academic realms. DTC genetic testing companies face considerable criticism and scepticism,particularly from the medical and genetic counseling community. This raises the question of what specific aspects of DTC genetic testing provoke concerns, and conversely,promises, for genetic counselors. This paper addresses this question by exploring DTC genetic testing through an ethic allens. By considering the fundamental ethical approaches influencing genetic counseling (the ethic of care and principle-based ethics) we highlight the specific ethical concerns raised by DTC genetic testing companies. Ultimately,when considering the ethics of DTC testing in a genetic counseling context, we should think of it as a balancing act. We need careful and detailed consideration of the risks and troubling aspects of such testing, as well as the potentially beneficial direct and indirect impacts of the increased availability of DTC genetic testing. As a result it is essential that genetic counselors stay informed and involved in the ongoing debate about DTC genetic testing and DTC companies. Doing so will ensure that the ethical theories and principles fundamental to the profession of genetic counseling are promoted not just in traditional counseling sessions,but also on a broader level. Ultimately this will help ensure that the public enjoys the benefits of an increasingly genetic based healthcare system. PMID:22290190

Hawkins, Alice K; Ho, Anita

2012-06-01

36

Ethical Business Cultures: A Literature Review and Implications for HRD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review identifies characteristics of ethical business cultures, describes factors, considered to be important in developing such cultures, describes current practices of developing ethical culture programs, and discusses the role of HRD in developing ethical business cultures. We argue that ethical thinking and behavior can be…

Ardichvili, Alexandre; Jondle, Douglas

2009-01-01

37

Current and Emerging Ethical Issues in Counseling: A Delphi Study of Expert Opinions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Delphi study was conducted to ascertain the opinions of panel experts regarding the most important current and emerging ethical issues facing the counseling profession. Expert opinions on ethical issues in counselor preparation also were sought. Eighteen panelists responded to 3 rounds of data collection interspersed with feedback. Themes that…

Herlihy, Barbara; Dufrene, Roxane L.

2011-01-01

38

Ethical Issues Associated with Information and Communication Technology in Counseling and Guidance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 50 years, literature on the use of information and communication technology in counseling and guidance has presented ethical issues related to the development and use of technologies in practice. This paper reviews the ethical issues raised, organizing them into three categories: Social equity, resources, and services. Career…

Sampson, James P., Jr.; Makela, Julia Panke

2014-01-01

39

Ethical Issues Involved with the Use of Computer-Assisted Counseling, Testing, and Guidance Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the growing use of computers in counseling, testing, and guidance. Examines potential ethical problems focusing on confidentiality of client data and the use of computer-assisted testing. Outlines principles for ethical use of computer applications emphasizing the need for counselor intervention. (Author/RC)

Sampson, James P.; Pyle, K. Richard

1983-01-01

40

Organizational Culture, Professional Ethics, and Guantanamo  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this symposium essay I draw attention to the intersection between the social scientific literature on organizational culture and the legal ethics literature. Drawing from the organizational theory literature I detail a framework for assessing organizational culture and explain how organizational culture reflects more than rules and structure within an organization, but rather represents deeper values, practices, and ways of

Greg McNeal

2009-01-01

41

Counseling Across Cultures: A Critique. Asian Pacific American Education Occasional Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates the effectiveness of cross-cultural counseling and advocates a "culture-using" counseling perspective as an alternative to the "etic-emic" approach. The author argues that, currently, counseling is taken as the "given"; culture is treated as a variable in counseling effectiveness; and counseling is never evaluated as a…

Lee, D. John

42

Cultural and Ethical Issues in Working with Culturally Diverse Patients  

E-print Network

and health care, ethical issues and health care INTRODUCTION The increasing cultural diversity of the United sensitivity. The need for social workers in health care institutions to be attentive to the cultural diversity of the Culturagram to Promote Cultural Competent Practice in Health Care Settings Elaine P. Congress, DSW SUMMARY

Arizona, University of

43

Person-Centered Counseling: The Culture Within.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The variables most related to success in counseling are the client-counselor relationship and the client's personal resources. Discusses the "specificity myth," which purports that there are specific treatments for particular groups of people. Highlights person-centered counseling as a method that cuts to the core of therapeutic success: the…

Glauser, Ann Shanks; Bozarth, Jerold D.

2001-01-01

44

Cultural Considerations in Counseling Couples Who Experience Infertility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infertility creates challenges affecting various aspects of couples' intimate lives. Practices regarding reproduction are often shaped by cultural messages. Culturally sensitive treatment methods help counselors provide effective therapy to couples with fertility problems. This article describes cultural influences, challenges, and counseling

Burnett, Judith A.

2009-01-01

45

Development of the Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present the development of the Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale (ELICSES). The purpose of this article is threefold: (a) present a rationale for the ELICSES, (b) review statistical analysis procedures used to develop the ELICSES, and (c) offer implications for future research and counselor education.

Mullen, Patrick R.; Lambie, Glenn W.; Conley, Abigail H.

2014-01-01

46

Copying and Coping Conceptualizations of Language: Counseling and the Ethic of Appreciation for Human Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author takes the position that the foundational value of the counseling profession is an ethic of appreciation for human differences. The professional tool that is used to actualize this value is language. In this regard, the philosophical distinction between copying and coping conceptualizations of language is overviewed. The author argues…

Hansen, James T.

2008-01-01

47

Copyright 2012 by the Center for Ethical Business Cultures Copyright 2012 by the Center for Ethical Business Cultures  

E-print Network

is right? Percent America's US/Canada/Brazil Europe France/Germany/ Russia Asia China/Japan/ India BusinessCopyright © 2012 by the Center for Ethical Business Cultures® 1 #12;Copyright © 2012 by the Center for Ethical Business Cultures® Celebrating over 35 years of business commitment to ethical cultures. Minnesota

Weinberger, Hans

48

Culturally Sensitive Health Care and Counseling Psychology: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces the Major Contribution, which focuses on counseling psychologists' roles in addressing health disparities through culturally sensitive health care research and interventions. First, the authors provide a rationale for conducting research focused on culturally sensitive health care and then offer definitions of…

Herman, Keith C.; Tucker, Carolyn M.; Ferdinand, Lisa A.; Mirsu-Paun, Anca; Hasan, Nadia T.; Beato, Cristina

2007-01-01

49

Legal and Ethical Implications of Refusing to Counsel Homosexual Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, a federal appeals court upheld the job termination of a counselor who requested being excused from counseling a lesbian client on relationship issues because homosexuality conflicted with the counselor's religious beliefs ("Bruff v. North Mississippi Health Services, Inc.," 2001). This article provides the facts of the case and the legal…

Hermann, Mary A.; Herlihy, Barbara Richter

2006-01-01

50

Peer Counseling in a Culturally Specific Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the effects of peer counseling in a culturally specific adolescent pregnancy prevention program for African American females. A random pretest and multiple posttest experimental and comparison group design was used to obtain data on a sample of 63 female African American adolescents, ages 12 to 16, who lived in four public housing developments. Descriptive data and tests

Stephanie L. Ferguson

1998-01-01

51

Peer Counseling in a Culturally Specific Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This study evaluated the effects of peer counseling in a culturally specific adolescent pregnancy prevention program for African American females. A random pretest and multiple posttest experimental and comparison group design was used to obtain data on a sample of 63 female African American adolescents, ages 12 to 16, who lived in four public housing developments. Descriptive data and tests

Stephanie L. Ferguson

1998-01-01

52

Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling with Gay and Lesbian Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the current knowledge regarding the provision of culturally appropriate career services to gay and lesbian clients. It is divided into 5 parts: (1) history and context for the delivery of career counseling services to gay and lesbian clients; (2) counselor self-preparation for working with gay and lesbian clients; (3)…

Pope, Mark; Barret, Bob; Szymanski, Dawn M.; Chung, Y. Barry; Singaravelu, Hernia; Mclean, Ron; Sanabria, Samuel

2004-01-01

53

Chinese Confucian culture and the medical ethical tradition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Confucian culture, rich in its contents and great in its significance, exerted on the thinking, culture and political life of ancient China immense influences, unparalleled by any other school of thought or culture. Confucian theories on morality and ethics, with 'goodness' as the core and 'rites' as the norm, served as the 'key notes' of the traditional medical ethics

Z Guo

1995-01-01

54

The Effect of Organizational Culture and Ethical Orientation on Accountants' Ethical Judgments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between organizational ethical culture in two large international CPA firms, auditors' personal values and the ethical orientation that those values dictate, and judgments in ethical dilemmas typical of those that accountants face. Using an experimental task consisting of multiple judgments designed to vary in \\

Patricia Casey Douglas; Ronald A. Davidson; Bill N. Schwartz

2001-01-01

55

Canadian University Ethics Review: Cultural Complications Translating Principles into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from educational research conducted in Canada and Mexico, university researchers explore how culture complicates both the ethics review process and the translation of ethical research principles into practice. University researchers in Canadian contexts seek approval from university Research Ethics Boards to conduct research, following…

Tilley, Susan; Gormley, Louise

2007-01-01

56

Ethical dilemmas in organization development: A cross-cultural analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the nature and extent to which cultural differences bear on perceptions of ethical Organizational Development consulting behaviors. U.S. (n=118) and Taiwanese (n=267) business students evaluated eleven vignettes depicting potential ethical dilemmas. Respondents judged the ethicality of each vignette, the likelihood of the event's occurrence and the party responsible for the event's occurrence.

Louis P. White; Melanie J. Rhodeback

1992-01-01

57

FESTAC '77: Implications for Culture in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, observations made by the authors while attending the Second World Festival of Black and African Art and Culture (FESTAC '77) are discussed in terms of their implications for black mental health. The presence and effects of the "Black Aesthetic" are described as they were manifested by the Festival participants. Particularly…

Toldson, Ivory L.; Pasteur, Alfred B.

58

Cultural Safety: Towards Postcolonial Counselling Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the discursive production of counsellor identity and practice through the operations of colonising and postcolonial discourse in Aotearoa New Zealand. It argues that constructs of cultural safety, tino rangatiratanga and Maori sovereignty, which arose as part of the postcolonial politics of life in Aotearoa, have achieved…

Crocket, Alastair

2012-01-01

59

Peer counseling in a culturally specific adolescent pregnancy prevention program.  

PubMed

This study evaluated the effects of peer counseling in a culturally specific adolescent pregnancy prevention program for African American females. A random pretest and multiple posttest experimental and comparison group design was used to obtain data on a sample of 63 female African American adolescents, ages 12 to 16, who lived in four public housing developments. Descriptive data and tests of significance revealed that none of the participants who received peer counseling became pregnant within three months of the intervention. Findings revealed a statistically significant increase in reproductive and other self-related knowledge topics among the experimental group when comparing pretest and eight-week posttest scores. Most participants had not had sexual intercourse; the average age of sexual onset was 12 years in the experimental group and 11 years in the controls. Designing and implementing culturally specific adolescent pregnancy prevention programs for adolescents younger than age 11 and/or before sexually active seems appropriate. PMID:10073212

Ferguson, S L

1998-08-01

60

HIV/AIDS Counselling Telefonico in Ambito Transculturale (HIV/AIDS Phone Counselling in Trans Cultural Context).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work provides an overview of cross-cultural telephone counselling on HIV and AIDS conducted by the AIDS Phone Counselling Unit (TVA, Telefono Verde AIDS) of the Istituto Superiore di Sanita (Italian National Institute of Health) in the years 2007-200...

A. Colucci, E. Lichtner, F. Botta, P. Gallo, V. Di Sarno

2009-01-01

61

A methodological note on cross-cultural accounting ethics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predicting international differences in ethical behavior is important for multinational accounting firms. This note reports an empirical test of the usefulness of Hofstede's five dimensions of culture to predict cross-cultural differences in ethical sensitivity. A small-sample survey of academic experts in cross-cultural management research in accounting and other business disciplines demonstrated that Power Distance and Confucian Dynamism were expected to

Jeffrey R. Cohen; Laurie W. Pant; David J. Sharp

1996-01-01

62

Ethical issues in cross-cultural research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The gap between theoretical expectations of research ethics as outlined in the bureaucratic processes associated with University Ethics Committees and the situated realities of students undertaking studies within their own sociocultural contexts is explored in this paper. In particular, the authors investigate differences in ethical norms and practices by providing ‘subaltern’ voices from the field, as three of the authors

Eileen Honan; M. Obaidul Hamid; Bandar Alhamdan; Phouvanh Phommalangsy; Bob Lingard

2012-01-01

63

Respect for cultural diversity in bioethics is an ethical imperative  

PubMed Central

The field of bioethics continues to struggle with the problem of cultural diversity: can universal principles guide ethical decision making, regardless of the culture in which those decisions take place? Or should bioethical principles be derived from the moral traditions of local cultures? Ten Have and Gordijn (2011) and Bracanovic (2011) defend the universalist position, arguing that respect for cultural diversity in matters ethical will lead to a dangerous cultural relativity where vulnerable patients and research subjects will be harmed. We challenge the premises of moral universalism, showing how this approach imports and imposes moral notions of Western society and leads to harm in non-western cultures. PMID:22955969

Chattopadhyay, Subrata; De Vries, Raymond

2012-01-01

64

Cross-Cultural Counseling. A Guide for Nutrition and Health Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States is a land of people with diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds. There will be a time when every counselor is called on to serve clients from a culture different from his or her own. This guide promotes awareness of cross-cultural counseling problems, and provides information for counseling clients with different beliefs,…

Schilling, Brenda; And Others

65

Use of Culture-Centered Counseling Theory with Ethnically Diverse LGBT Clients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intersection of ethnocultural and sexual orientation identities presents unique challenges that mandate cultural competence in assessing and intervening with ethnically diverse lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. Effective counseling with this population requires an understanding of non-Eurocentric, nonheterosexual worldviews as well as an awareness of the sociopolitical realities of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender life. Culture-centered counseling theory provides

Richmond Wynn; Cirecie West-Olatunji

2009-01-01

66

In the Therapist's Chair Is Clemmont E. Vontress: A Wounded Healer in Cross-Cultural Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this interview, Clemmont E. Vontress, a pioneer of cross-cultural counseling, reflects on his life and work. He shares personal stories about the people and events in his life that had a major impact on his theory formulation; research and clinical work; and publications in culture, race, ethnicity, and counseling.

Moodley, Roy

2010-01-01

67

Chinese Confucian culture and the medical ethical tradition.  

PubMed Central

The Confucian culture, rich in its contents and great in its significance, exerted on the thinking, culture and political life of ancient China immense influences, unparalleled by any other school of thought or culture. Confucian theories on morality and ethics, with 'goodness' as the core and 'rites' as the norm, served as the 'key notes' of the traditional medical ethics of China. The viewpoints of Confucianism on benevolence and material interests, on good and evil, on kindheartedness, and on character cultivation were all inherited by the medical workers and thus became prominent in Chinese traditional medical ethics. Hence, it is clear that the medical profession and Confucianism have long shared common goals in terms of ethics. Influenced by the excellent Confucian thinking and culture, a rather highly-developed system of Chinese traditional medical ethics emerged with a well-defined basic content, and the system has been followed and amended by medical professionals of all generations throughout Chinese history. This system, just to mention briefly, contains concepts such as the need: to attach great importance to the value of life; to do one's best to rescue the dying and to heal the wounded; to show concern to those who suffer from diseases; to practise medicine with honesty; to study medical skills painstakingly; to oppose a careless style of work; to comfort oneself in a dignified manner; to respect local customs and to be polite; to treat patients, noble or humble, equally, and to respect the academic achievements of others, etc. Of course, at the same time, Confucian culture has its own historical and class limitations, which exerted negative influences on traditional medical ethics. Now, if we are to keep up with the development of modern medicine, a serious topic must be addressed. That is how to retain the essence of our traditional medical ethics so as to maintain historic continuity and yet, at the same time, add on the new contents of medical ethics so as to incorporate modern features into our system. Therefore, when trying to reform medical practice in China, we are faced with the urgent need to inherit and promulgate the essence of Confucian ethics--discarding its obsolete concepts--while at the same time building up the new medical ethics that can meet the requirements of the outside world and the future. PMID:7473645

Guo, Z

1995-01-01

68

Cross-cultural counseling and psychotherapy: An existential-psychological approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this presentation is to propose a paradigm for cross-cultural counseling and psychotherapy based on existential philosophy that may be applicable to and can be adapted to apply in cultures around the world. Counseling and psychotherapy have similar functions, i.e., to alleviate.distress, to reintegrate the client into his or her culture and to enable the client to respond

Farah A. Ibrahim

1984-01-01

69

Animal Agriculture: Symbiosis, Culture, or Ethical Conflict?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several writers on animal ethics defend the abolition of most or all animal agriculture, which they consider an unethical\\u000a exploitation of sentient non-human animals. However, animal agriculture can also be seen as a co-evolution over thousands\\u000a of years, that has affected biology and behavior on the one hand, and quality of life of humans and domestic animals on the\\u000a other.

Vonne Lund; I. Anna S. Olsson

2006-01-01

70

The Intersection of Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Social Class in Counseling: Examining Selves in Cultural Contexts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of counselors considering the intersection of multiple cultural identities in working with clients. The article serves as an introduction to the special issue, Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Social Class in Counseling, of the "Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development." (Contains 28 references.) (GCP)

Constantine, Madonna G.

2002-01-01

71

Readings in Intercultural Communication, Volume IV. Cross-Cultural Counseling: Intercultural Helping Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen essays are presented which explore aspects of intercultural communication as it relates to the counseling profession. The papers describe cross-cultural dimensions of the counseling relationship, the adjustment process, the point of view of special populations, and suggestions for counselor training. The compilation was made in the…

Pedersen, Paul, Ed.

72

The Vocational Significance of Black Identity: Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Assessment and Career Counseling  

PubMed Central

Scholarship is emerging on intervention models that purposefully attend to cultural variables throughout the career assessment and career counseling process (Swanson & Fouad, in press). One heuristic model that offers promise to advance culturally-relevant vocational practice with African Americans is the Outline for Cultural Formulation (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). This article explicates the Outline for Cultural Formulation in career assessment and career counseling with African Americans integrating the concept of cultural identity into the entire model. The article concludes with an illustration of the Outline for Cultural Formulation model with an African American career client. PMID:20495668

Byars-Winston, Angela M.

2010-01-01

73

AMERICAN COUNSELING ASSOCIATION www.counseling.org  

E-print Network

AMERICAN COUNSELING ASSOCIATION www.counseling.org ACA Code of EthicsAs approved by the ACA: This document may be reproduced without permission for educational purposes. ACA Code of Ethics Preamble 3 ACA 20 Contents #12;3 ACA Code of Ethics Purpose The ACA Code of Ethics serves five main purposes: 1

Qiu, Weigang

74

Management development: developing ethical corporate culture in three organisations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this investigation was to look at three organisations (a naval shore establishment, a police academy, and a small, family-owned engineering firm) and see to what extent they had developed a culture that was both ethically and socially responsive. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The investigation was carried out by speaking to key players, observing their organisations and by

Michael W. Small

2006-01-01

75

[Human embryos and tissue cultures: scientific, ethical and legal reflections].  

PubMed

Human cell therapy based on tissue transplantation can become an important tool in Medicine. In the last years, experimental evidence has proved that it could be possible to produce human tissue cultures derived from embryonic stem (ES) cells which are pluripotents. The topic is discussed from the scientific, ethical and legal points of view. PMID:11147208

Lacadena, J R

2000-01-01

76

The ethics of socio-cultural risk research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In socio-cultural risk research, an epistemological tension often follows if real hazards in the world are juxtaposed against the essentially socially constructed nature of all risk. In this editorial, we consider how this paradox is manifest at a practical level in a number of ethical dilemmas for the risk researcher. (1) In terms of strategies for seeking informed consent, and

Nick Pidgeon; Peter Simmons; Sophie Sarre; Karen Henwood; Noel Smith

2008-01-01

77

Continuing the Cultural Liberation and Transformation of Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The multicultural movement has been and continues to represent a major force that is transforming the mental health professions. The field of counseling psychology has been particularly important in promoting many of these transformative changes. Over the past three decades, multicultural advocates in counseling psychology have expanded our…

D'Andrea, Michael

2005-01-01

78

Counseling Muslim Women: Navigating Cultural and Religious Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors consider strategies for counseling female Muslim clients. First, they review general beliefs and practices of Muslims in the United States. Through the use of a case study, they illustrate a collaborative method of counseling Muslim women that is based on a trusting client-counselor relationship.

Cook-Masaud, Carema; Wiggins, Marsha I.

2011-01-01

79

AAPI college students' willingness to seek counseling: the role of culture, stigma, and attitudes.  

PubMed

This study tested 4 theoretically and empirically derived structural equation models of Asian, Asian American, and Pacific Islanders' willingness to seek counseling with a sample of 278 college students. The models represented competing hypotheses regarding the manner in which Asian cultural values, European American cultural values, public stigma, stigma by close others, self-stigma, and attitudes toward seeking professional help related to willingness to seek counseling. We found that Asian and European American cultural values differentially related to willingness to seek counseling indirectly through specific indirect pathways (public stigma, stigma by close others, self-stigma, and attitudes toward seeking professional help). Our results also showed that the magnitude of model-implied relationships did not vary as a function of generational status. Study limitations, future directions for research, and implications for counseling are discussed. PMID:25019538

Choi, Na-Yeun; Miller, Matthew J

2014-07-01

80

Medical ethics in cross-cultural and multi-cultural perspectives.  

PubMed

Medical ethics have usually been ignored in comparative studies of medical systems; they are almost exclusively Western and based on the technocratic culture of practitioners of cosmopolitan medicine. Important values of heterogeneous and homogeneous cultural systems may appropriately be studied in a medical context. Cross-cultural medical anthropological studies have not dealt extensively with medical ethics, and have not systematically examined the values involved in decision-making by healers, although the choices made by patients have been emphasized. Studies of decision-making in the context of healing can be useful in investigations of the operation of value systems and of conflicts and changes in such systems. Western examples of ethical conflicts and bases of choice in regulation of the profession, individual vs. social obligation, obligation of the practitioner to take action, allocation of scarce resources, and the patient's right to information suggest general problems that exist in most medical systems regardless of the level of technological development or the concepts of disease prevention and cure. Ethical conflicts in medical care allow study of value ranking in decision-making. Questionnaires have been the most common method for studying ethical questions in Western medical settings, and such questionnaires could be adapted for use cross-culturally. Medical ethics in non-Western settings may also be investigated by looking at "trouble cases," by participant observation, and by intensive interviewing. PMID:7209599

Kunstadter, P

1980-11-01

81

Educators’ Epistemological Beliefs of Accounting Ethics Teaching: A Cross-Cultural Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is an exploratory examination of cultural differences in accounting educators’ epistemological beliefs of accounting ethics education. It is motivated by a renewed global interest in accounting ethics in recent years following the reported breaches of ethical conducts by individuals from different cultures. In Pratt’s model, conceptions of teaching should be an interdependent and internally consistent trilogy of beliefs,

Pak K. Auyeung; Ron Dagwell; Chew Ng; John Sands

2006-01-01

82

Applying the Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Counseling with Latinas/os  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present two hypothetical cases, one of a Mexican American female college student and one of a Mexican immigrant adult male, and apply a culturally sensitive approach to career assessment and career counseling with each of these clients. Drawing from Leong, Hardin, and Gupta's cultural formulation approach (CFA) to…

Flores, Lisa Y.; Ramos, Karina; Kanagui, Marlen

2010-01-01

83

The Benefits and Challenges of Becoming Cross-Culturally Competent Counseling Psychologists. Presidential Address  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central thesis of this article is that focusing on cross-cultural competence will enhance both the science and the practice of counseling psychology. Developing cross-cultural competence is a lifelong journey, replete with many joys and challenges, that will (a) increase the sophistication of our research, (b) expand the utility and…

Heppner, P. Paul

2006-01-01

84

Group Counseling in the Schools: Legal, Ethical, and Treatment Issues in School Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School psychologists are interested in providing effective and efficient direct services to children. With a wide spectrum of psychological problems impacting children, group counseling represents one viable and valuable intervention. Given the complexity of group counseling, many schools and school psychologists are interested in legal and…

Crespi, Tony D.

2009-01-01

85

Ethics in organ donation: contrasts in two cultures.  

PubMed

1. For cadaveric organs in the West, there are many avenues that should be pursued in order to increase the supply. Most of the measures under "giving" in Table 2 are ethical, though we do not accept the implication that those who enroll, in advance, as future organ donors should thereby obtain priority for their own possible future transplant organ needs. 2. "Legislated taking" could be ethically justified if shown to be acceptable to most persons in a society or culture, with provision for opting out for those with minority opinions and beliefs. Such evidence should be sought, and acted upon if found to be present. It certainly warrants a strong public education thrust. 3. Possibilities should be explored for nonmonetary rewarding of families of the decreased, in ways that would not foreclose on families giving authorization for purely altruistic reasons. Direct money payments, "buying," will never outweigh the ethical arguments against the practice, in our opinion. There are other societal avenues by which to pursue the perfectly acceptable goals of indirect altruism. 4. For kidney donations from unrelated living donors in India, a case is made for considering rewarded gifting as being ethically acceptable if it is defined in the way that it is carefully defined for this article, provided it meets the criteria for indirect altruism of a panel of social peers, and also is linked to measures of mandated philanthropy (decided also by a panel of social peers), for the reasons given. This is a balance of societal burden (in allowing rewarded gifting) by the ensured benefit to the seller (to prevent his victimization) plus a required benefit to society by seller's philanthropy. The setting of these balances should be decided by a panel of social peers. Such acceptance would not necessarily pass muster for other cultures than the one for which it is designed. 5. All forms of commerce, included that described in the preceding paragraph, become ethically unacceptable if the regulations governing them cannot realistically be enforced. This is a crucial point, a requirement for ethical cogency. PMID:1926454

Dossetor, J B; Manickavel, V

1991-10-01

86

A Comparative Study of Ethical Values of Business Students: American vs. Middle Eastern Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business schools must prepare students to face the world and yet maintain strong ethical convictions. The question of ethics in the business environment is not exclusive to the United States. Ethical business behavior is a multinational issue, and all business schools world-wide must deal with this issue. However, cultural differences often define…

Shurden, Michael; Shurden, Susan; Cagwin, Douglass

2008-01-01

87

Ethical Complaints and Violations in Rehabilitation Counseling: An Analysis of Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a descriptive study of Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification data related to ethical complaints and violations from 1993 to 2006. The authors reviewed complaints filed against certified rehabilitation counselors involving rules from the pre-2001 Code of Ethics and standards in the current code and analyzed the ensuing…

Saunders, Jodi L.; Barros-Bailey, Mary; Rudman, Rebecca; Dew, Donald W.; Garcia, Jorge

2007-01-01

88

COUNSELING CULTURALLY DIFFERENT STUDENTS IN THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

A community college counselor is first and foremost a student advocate, who meets as often as needed with students to assist them in achieving their educational goals. Students whose cultural backgrounds are different from the mainstream culture will face adverse situations when confronted with a new cultural environment that does not validate their experiences or appreciate their social behavior. Coming

Vy Trac Do

1996-01-01

89

Enhancing Reflective Practice in Multicultural Counseling through Cultural Auditing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors work in an increasingly complex cultural milieu where every encounter with a client must be considered multicultural in nature. Reflective practice is a central component of professional competence and necessarily involves attention to culture. The cultural auditing model provides an effective and flexible reflective process for…

Collins, Sandra; Arthur, Nancy; Wong-Wylie, Gina

2010-01-01

90

Intrafamilial Separations in the Immigrant Family: Implications for Cross-Cultural Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a structural family-therapy (SFT) approach combined with the paradigm of acculturation to increase counselors' sensitivity to immigrant families whose members arrive at different times. The focus is on those families in which parents have preceded children in the immigration experience. Provides culturally sensitive counseling strategies…

Sciarra, Daniel T.

1999-01-01

91

Synthesizing Family, Career, and Culture: A Model for Counseling in the Twenty-First Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career and work constitute a major portion of most people's lives; families have an impact on people's careers; and their culture determines a great deal about how they approach family and work. The family counseling, career, and multicultural literature has given little attention to these dynamics. This text provides a multifaceted framework for…

Evans, Kathy M., Ed.; Rotter, Joseph C., Ed.; Gold, Joshua M., Ed.

92

Greek American Ethnic Identity, Cultural Experience and the "Embodied Language" of Dance: Implications for Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic study aims to contribute to better counseling services for the Greek American population in the U.S. by providing cultural knowledge and insight into one of the smaller ethnic groups that has been overlooked in the literature. More specifically, it explores the role of the "embodied language" of dance in the formation of Greek…

Issari, Philia

2011-01-01

93

From Awareness to Practice: An Online Workshop on Bringing Culture into the Counselling Room  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project is to enhance the counselling services offered to diverse clients by supplying counsellors-in-training with a professional development resource that combines the best available outcome evidence and applied clinical wisdom, with the most current cultural adaptation frameworks. A comprehensive literature review was…

Rapacki, Tomasz Michal; McBride, Dawn Lorraine

2014-01-01

94

A Culturally Responsive Intervention for Addressing Problematic Behaviors in Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling faculty serve as gatekeepers to protect the public from trainees who demonstrate significant deficiencies in professional functioning. Two issues that have not been thoroughly examined are how different cultural values may intersect with the assessment of appropriate professional competencies and whether the multicultural environment of…

Goodrich, Kristopher M.; Shin, Richard Q.

2013-01-01

95

Well Mind, Well Earth: 97 Environmentally Sensitive Activities for Stress Management, Spirit and Self-Esteem. Continuing Education Training Manual: Environmental Education Ethics and Counseling Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an environmental/ethics and counseling psychology training manual. An introductory preview for the manual includes "Green in Green: A study of disconnection, its implications and rectification" by Michael J. Cohen. This preview describes a study that helps readers to identify their natural old-brain as well as their…

Cohen, Michael J.

96

Nondirectiveness and its lay interpretations: the effect of counseling style, ethnicity and culture on attitudes towards genetic counseling among Jewish and Bedouin respondents in Israel.  

PubMed

To evaluate the effects of ethnicity, culture, and counseling style on the interpretation of nondirectiveness in genetic counseling, a questionnaire containing premarital and prenatal case vignettes in two versions (pessimistic/optimistic) was administered to 281 Jewish and 133 Bedouin respondents. The first study population was comprised of Jewish students enrolled in a university and a community college in the Negev (southern part of Israel). The second study population was comprised of Muslim-Bedouin college students from the same area. The majority of Jewish respondents interpreted the nondirective message as intended by counselors, while the majority of Bedouin respondents did not. Counseling style was found to have a statistically significant effect on the interpretation of the general role of counseling. Gender and susceptibility were not found to have a significant effect on interpretation. Group differences are analyzed through a cultural lens in which different interpretive norms can generate expectations for either nondirectiveness or directiveness. PMID:14682356

Raz, Aviad E; Atar, Marcela

2003-08-01

97

Cultural circumcision in EU public hospitals--an ethical discussion.  

PubMed

The paper explores the ethical aspects of introducing cultural circumcision of children into the EU public health system. We reject commonplace arguments against circumcision: considerations of good medical practice, justice, bodily integrity, autonomy and the analogy from female genital mutilation. From the unique structure of patient-medicine interaction, we argue that the incorporation of cultural circumcision into EU public health services is a kind of medicalization, which does not fit the ethos of universal healthcare. However, we support a utilitarian argument that finds hospital based circumcision safer than non-medicalized alternatives. The argument concerning medicalization and the utilitarian argument both rely on preliminary empirical data, which depend on future validation PMID:19076127

Brusa, Margherita; Barilan, Y Michael

2009-10-01

98

Marriage and Family Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of marriage and family counseling, including the growth of interest in this specialty within the American Counseling Association (ACA). Discusses the evolution of marriage and family counseling within ACA, standards for training, credentialing, and unique ethical considerations when counseling couples and families. (Author)

Smith, Robert L.; And Others

1995-01-01

99

Inviting “Kate's” Authenticity: Relational Cultural Theory Applied in Work with a Transsexual Sex Worker of Color Using the Competencies for Counseling with Transgender Clients  

Microsoft Academic Search

This practice-based article presents our work with Kate, a transsexual woman of color, sex worker, and child abuse and hate crime survivor who, despite initial mistrust, sought counseling for an assessment of readiness to begin hormone therapy. In our counseling journey with Kate, we employed the American Counseling Association's (ACA) Competencies for Counseling with Transgender Clients through relational-cultural theory (RCT),

Jason Patton; Stacee Reicherzer

2010-01-01

100

Culturally Competent Counseling for Religious and Spiritual African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religion and spirituality are deeply rooted in traditional African American culture. Data suggest that African American adolescents maintain higher baseline rates of religious activities and beliefs than their peers (Bachman, Johnston, & O'Malley, 2005; Smith, Faris, Denton, & Regnerus, 2003). Recognizing these data, this article examines…

Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Day-Vines, Norma L.

2008-01-01

101

A Global Culture of Peace: Transmission and Ethical Dimensions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author considers in this article the ethical boundaries of knowledge, the challenges inherent in the improvement of international ethical and legal frameworks, and some of the ethically important moments of the past half-century. Implications for higher education in the context of globalization are also considered, as are some of the new…

Mayor, Federico

2004-01-01

102

Cultural Diversity and the Case Against Ethical Relativism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The movement to respect culturaldiversity, known as multiculturalism, poses a dauntingchallenge to healthcare ethics. Can we construct adefensible passage from the fact of culturaldifferences to any claims regarding morality? Or doesmulticulturalism lead to ethical relativism? Macklinargues that, in view of a leading distinction betweenuniversalism in ethics and moral absolutism, the onlyreasonable passage avoids both absolutism andrelativism. She presents a strong

Michael Brannigan

2000-01-01

103

Examining Work Ethic across Populations: A Comparison of the Multidimensional Work Ethic Profile across Three Diverse Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the measurement equivalence of the Multidimensional Work Ethic Profile (MWEP) across the diverse cultures of Korea, Mexico, and the United States. Korean- and Spanish-language versions of the MWEP were developed and evaluated relative to the original English version of the measure. Confirmatory factor analytic results…

Woehr, David J.; Arciniega, Luis M.; Lim, Doo H.

2007-01-01

104

The Hydra-Headed Nature of Prejudice: Research Perspectives concerning Cross-Cultural Counseling with Elementary Age Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines and examines the nature of prejudice toward children, the psychiatrically impaired, the exceptional, and the culturally different and offers suggestions for elementary school counselors involved in cross-cultural counseling. Calls for empirical data on cross-cultural awareness and advocacy. (JAC)

Cook, John A.

1983-01-01

105

An ethical solution to the challenges in teaching anatomy with dissection in the Chinese culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article examines the main obstacles to cadaver donation in the Chinese culture and provides solutions to this obstacle. The article covers the development of an Education Center for Medical ethics and suggestions of how to incorporate medical ethics and treatment of cadavers into anatomy classes in Chinese Medical schools.

2008-03-01

106

Understanding Ethical Response of Chinese Consumers to Software Piracy: A New Interpretation on Culture Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

China is one of the countries with the highest software piracy rate. It is important to understand consumer ethical response to software piracy in the Chinese markets and design effective preventive strategies. Addressing problems in previous research and aiming at characteristics of the Chinese markets, this paper proposes an enhanced framework for consumer ethical decision making and explores culture effects.

Fang Wang; Hongxia Zhang

107

A Cross-Cultural Investigation of the Ethical Dimensions of Alcohol and Tobacco Sports Sponsorships  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the sport industry has grown into a multi-billion dollar international business with unique ethical concerns, there is little empirical research examining the ethics involved in sport sponsorships, especially sponsorship of alcohol and tobacco brands. This study investigates the potential influence of culture and gender on future practitioners' willingness to work in the tobacco and alcohol sport sponsorship areas. The

Stephen R. McDaniel; Lance Kinney; Laurence Chalip

2001-01-01

108

Understanding Social Media Culture and its Ethical Challenges for Art Therapists  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses ethics in the context of the participatory culture of social media as it relates to art therapy. The authors present the view that social media formats are important venues for expression that contribute to interpersonal connections and social learning via the active participation of their members. To make informed ethical choices regarding participation in social media, it

Christopher M. Belkofer; Jill V. McNutt

2011-01-01

109

Archaeology, Ethics, and Character: Using Our Cultural Heritage to Teach Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Archaeology is a highly interdisciplinary field. Its main goal is to construct culture histories, but it uses many scientific methods in the process. Ethical dilemmas inherent in archaeology make it a good vehicle for teaching ethics and character in the classroom (Moe 2000). The interdisciplinary nature of the field makes it possible to weave…

Moe, Jeanne M.; Coleman, Carolee; Fink, Kristie; Krejs, Kirsti

2002-01-01

110

Understanding Social Media Culture and its Ethical Challenges for Art Therapists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses ethics in the context of the participatory culture of social media as it relates to art therapy. The authors present the view that social media formats are important venues for expression that contribute to interpersonal connections and social learning via the active participation of their members. To make informed ethical

Belkofer, Christopher M.; McNutt, Jill V.

2011-01-01

111

Note on a Cross-cultural Test of Gilligan's Ethic of Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred and twenty students from both Brazil and Norway were tested with Skoe's Ethic of Care Interview (ECI), which is a test of Gilligan's hypothesized gender-related ethic of care. Subjects were also tested with Bem's Sex Role Inventory and Triandis's Test of Cultural Orientations. The ECI was shown to be related neither to gender nor to…

Vikan, Arne; Camino, Cleonice; Biaggio, Angela

2005-01-01

112

Facebook: Maintaining Ethical Practice in the Cyberspace Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current technology provides counseling center clinicians regular and immediate access to the students they work with via social networking. Focusing on Facebook in particular, this article discusses the opportunities and challenges this access creates and specifically explores how utilization of ethical, clinical, and cultural lenses might affect decisions about Facebook use, with particular emphasis on consideration of appropriate ethical principles

Ian Birky; Wanda Collins

2011-01-01

113

Waiver Culture: The Unintended Consequence of Ethics Compliance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The passage of the U.S. Sarbanes-Oxley Act (2002) spawned a series of compliance and ethics programs --the revised Principles of Federal Prosecution of Business Organizations known as the Thompson Memo (Thompson, 2003), the revised Federal Sentencing Guidelines that included the Effective Compliance and Ethics Program and the corporate…

Genova, Gina L.

2008-01-01

114

Cultural, ethical, and spiritual implications of natural disasters from the survivors' perspective.  

PubMed

Cultural, ethical, and spiritual implications of disaster depend on various factors. The impact of a disaster on a particular culture depends on the people in that culture and the strength and resilience of the culture. Disasters may slow cultural development; however, typically the customs, beliefs, and value systems remain the same even if the outward expressions of culture change. Critical to survivors is the implication of aid that is culturally sensitive. Ethical questions and dilemmas associated with disasters and their management are profound. Adhering to ethical principles does not solve all of the issues related to disaster management, but awareness of their utility is important. People affected by a disaster may not be capable of responding to human rights violations, so it is the first responders who must be cognizant of their responsibility to protect the victims’ dignity and rights. Ethical treatment of survivors entails a crucial blend of knowledge about ethnic culture, religious beliefs, and human rights. A strong awareness of ethical principles is merely a beginning step to well-informed decision making in disaster situations. The literature also suggests that during a crisis, spirituality helps victims to cope. Important to any catastrophic event is the understanding that every disaster creates unique circumstances that require relief responses tailored to the specific situation. PMID:21095559

Varghese, Shainy B

2010-12-01

115

Culturally Dislocated Clients: Self-Validation and Cultural Conflict Issues and Counseling Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the nature of cultural dislocation in terms of self-validation issues, cultural conflicts, and cultural attachment. Presents cultural conflict model, which incorporates two cultural conflict dimensions. Explores counselor role as client-validator and help-seeking issues, with practical suggestions for increasing helper sensitivity in…

Ishiyama, F. Ishu

1995-01-01

116

The experienced influence or effect of cultural\\/racism issues on the practice of counselling psychology-a qualitative study of one multicultural training organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counsellers' perspectives on how the issues of race and culture affect counselling, psychology and psychotherapy were explored in this phenomenological inquiry by distributing questionnaires to 108 co-researchers-all the staff and student of one multicultural counselling and psychotherapy training organization. It was left to the participants ot choose the terms to describe themselves (within the context of this research) and 31

Petruska Clarkson; Yuko Nippoda

1997-01-01

117

Ethics and Accreditation in Addictions Counselor Training: Possible Field Placement Issues for CACREP-Accredited Addictions Counseling Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional counselors have long been practicing in alcohol and drug treatment settings. However, only recently has the counseling field offered formal recognition of addictions counseling as a specialization through the implementation of accreditation standards for addiction counseling training programs. With the passage of the 2009 standards,…

Linton, Jeremy M.

2012-01-01

118

Liberalism and ethical life : on equality, neutrality, and culture  

E-print Network

Liberalism faces an apparent paradox. Its commitments to values such as neutrality and tolerance seem to recommend a hands-off attitude toward a society's ethical life. It seems the state should not regulate the value ...

Kurtz, Roxanne Marie

2008-01-01

119

Rhetorical Prudence and Ethics: Writing as Cultural Criticism vs. Writing as Moral and Civic Thinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural approaches to composition, such as those forwarded by John Trimbur, John Schilb, and James Berlin have come under strong criticism for attempting to indoctrinate students into instructors' political beliefs. One attack on writing as cultural criticism has been voiced by Maxine Hairston, who has questioned its ethicality. At issue in…

Toner, Lisa

120

On the Ethics and Religious Culture Program Report from Expert Witness  

E-print Network

On the Ethics and Religious Culture Program Report from Expert Witness Douglas Farrow re: Loyola and Religious Culture (ERC) program represents a significant transfer of power from civil society to the state and incompatibilities 4. Imposition of the ERC program as a threat to religious liberty It may be allowed

Barthelat, Francois

121

"We Share the Same Biology..." Cultivating Cross-Cultural Empathy and Global Ethics through Multilingualism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "language-culture tesseract" hypothesized in the September 2010 issue of "Mind, Brain, and Education" suggests successive links between non-native language (NNL) acquisition, the development of cross-cultural empathy, and prosocial global ethics. Invoking Goethe's (1833/1999) aphorism, "those who do not know other languages know nothing of…

Rolbin, Cyrus; Chiesa, Bruno Della

2010-01-01

122

Ethics and the scope of rhetoric: Constructions of moral and rhetorical agency in selected cultural critical rhetorics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation examines the degree to which cultural critical writing pedagogies resist and accommodate an anti-rhetorical ethic—an ethical and rhetorical position that does not account for the roles of language and rhetoric in the determination of ethical precepts and moral values and often leads to alienation, paralysis or violence. A theoretical assessment of these pedagogies is made by considering private,

Teresa Beth Henning

1998-01-01

123

Family Counseling and Ethical Challenges with Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered (GLBT) Clients: More Questions Than Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered (GLBT) persons and their families present unique ethical challenges for marriage and family counselors. A series of brief case vignettes touch on a range of ethical issues for couples and family counselors, including training, supervision, custody evaluation, ethical decision making, counselor bias,…

Janson, Gregory R.; Steigerwald, Fran J.

2002-01-01

124

"Does Organizational Culture Influence the Ethical Behavior in the Pharmaceutical Industry?"  

PubMed Central

Study of ethical behavior among medical representatives in the profession is an under-portrayed component that deserves further perusal in the pharmaceutical industry. The purpose of this study is to find out the influence of organizational culture on ethical behavior of medical representatives. Medical representatives working for both domestic and multinational companies constitutes the sample (n=300). Data is collected using a simple random and cluster sampling through a structured questionnaire. The research design is hypothesis testing. It is a cross-sectional and correlational study, conducted under non-contrived settings. Chi-square tests were shows that there is an association between the organizational culture and ethical behavior of medical representatives. In addition, the strength of the association is measured which report to Cramer’s V of 63.1% and Phi Value of 2.749. Results indicate that multinational company medical reps are more ethical compared to domestic company medical representatives vast difference in both variance and in t test results. Through better organizational culture, pharmaceutical companies can create the most desirable behavior among their employees. Authors conclude that apart from organizational culture, the study of additional organizational, individual and external factors are imperative for better understanding of ethical behavior of medical representatives in the pharmaceutical industry in India. PMID:24826027

Nagashekhara, Molugulu; Agil, Syed Omar Syed

2011-01-01

125

The role of ethics in global corporate culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whatever ethnic, religious, or other cultural boundaries may have evolved through history, a global corporate culture is increasingly subsuming these traditional divisions. Multinational corporations, internationally linked securities markets, and omnipresent communication networks characterize this global corporate culture. The dynamics of corporate culture centres on the intricate web of contractual relations between stakeholders. This study addresses the question of how these

John Dobson

1990-01-01

126

Western medical ethics taught to junior medical students can cross cultural and linguistic boundaries  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about teaching medical ethics across cultural and linguistic boundaries. This study examined two successive cohorts of first year medical students in a six year undergraduate MBBS program. Methods The objective was to investigate whether Arabic speaking students studying medicine in an Arabic country would be able to correctly identify some of the principles of Western medical ethical reasoning. This cohort study was conducted on first year students in a six-year undergraduate program studying medicine in English, their second language at a medical school in the Arabian Gulf. The ethics teaching was based on the four-principle approach (autonomy, beneficence, non-malfeasance and justice) and delivered by a non-Muslim native English speaker with no knowledge of the Arabic language. Although the course was respectful of Arabic culture and tradition, the content excluded an analysis of Islamic medical ethics and focused on Western ethical reasoning. Following two 45-minute interactive seminars, students in groups of 3 or 4 visited a primary health care centre for one morning, sitting in with an attending physician seeing his or her patients in Arabic. Each student submitted a personal report for summative assessment detailing the ethical issues they had observed. Results All 62 students enrolled in these courses participated. Each student acting independently was able to correctly identify a median number of 4 different medical ethical issues (range 2–9) and correctly identify and label accurately a median of 2 different medical ethical issues (range 2–7) There were no significant correlations between their English language skills or general academic ability and the number or accuracy of ethical issues identified. Conclusions This study has demonstrated that these students could identify medical ethical issues based on Western constructs, despite learning in English, their second language, being in the third week of their medical school experience and with minimal instruction. This result was independent of their academic and English language skills suggesting that ethical principles as espoused in the four principal approach may be common to the students' Islamic religious beliefs, allowing them to access complex medical ethical reasoning skills at an early stage in the medical curriculum. PMID:15283868

Ypinazar, Valmae A; Margolis, Stephen A

2004-01-01

127

Latin American Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients: Implications for Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for clinical services for both Latin Americans and the lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) population is increasing rapidly. Consequently, LGB Latin Americans are more likely to seek clinical services. Article highlights critical characteristics of Latin American and LGB culture, and provides identity development, counseling, and ethical

Sager, Jennifer B.; Schlimmer, Elizabeth A.; Hellmann, James A.

2001-01-01

128

Effects of Culturally Consistent Counseling Tasks on American and International Student Observers' Perception of Counselor Credibility: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated causes of international students' perception of counselor credibility. White American students (n=48) and Asian Indian (n=48) and South Korean (n=33) international students viewed videotapes consistent with either Asian Indian cultural values or mainstream counseling, then completed Counselor Rating Form. Asian Indians found…

Sodowsky, Gargi Roysircar

1991-01-01

129

Foundations Symposium: A Continued Dialogue on Critical Theory, Cultural Analysis, and Ethical Aspects of the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven articles are presented from a symposium on critical theory, cultural analysis, and the ethical aspects of the use of educational technology. Two papers deal with the educational philosophy of two modern thinkers, and others focus on educational technology in the modern or postmodern era. The following papers are included: (1) "Foucault and…

Anderson, Jane; And Others

130

Teaching Ethics and Religious Culture in Quebec High Schools: An Overview, Contextualization and Some Analytical Comments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2008 Quebec introduced a new ethics and religious culture course. This marks a significant development in Canadian education as the mandated curriculum is intended for use in publically funded secular schools. In the past such courses have been in the domain of denominational schools. This new approach is examined in the context of the profound changes in Quebec society

Richard Rymarz

2012-01-01

131

Review of Richard Hovannisian ed., The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a review of The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies (Richard Hovannisian ed., New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2006). This volume stands as an important achievement in the field of comparative genocide studies, as well as commanding the attention of scholars of Middle East Studies. The subjects addressed include the cleansing of virtually all Christian communities from Anatolia

Hannibal Travis

2008-01-01

132

Research ethics in global mental health: Advancing culturally responsive mental health research.  

PubMed

Global mental health research is needed to inform effective and efficient services and policy interventions within and between countries. Ethical reflection should accompany all GMHR and human resource capacity endeavors to ensure high standards of respect for participants and communities and to raise public debate leading to changes in policies and regulations. The views and circumstances of ethno-cultural and disadvantaged communities in the Majority and Minority world need to be considered to enhance scientific merit, public awareness, and social justice. The same applies to people with vulnerabilities yet who are simultaneously capable, such as children and youth. The ethical principles of respect for persons or autonomy, beneficence/non-maleficence, justice, and relationality require careful contextualization for research involving human beings. Building on the work of Fisher and colleagues (2002), this article highlights some strategies to stimulate the ethical conduct of global mental health research and to guide decision-making for culturally responsible research, such as developing culturally sensitive informed consent and disclosure policies and procedures; paying special attention to socioeconomic, cultural, and environmental risks and benefits; and ensuring meaningful community and individual participation. Research and capacity-building partnerships, political will, and access to resources are needed to stimulate global mental health research and consolidate ethical practice. PMID:24668025

Ruiz-Casares, Mónica

2014-12-01

133

The ethical dimensions of cultural competence in border health care settings.  

PubMed

Through thematic stories of patient and provider interactions on the U.S.-Mexico border, this article challenges the commonly understood definition of culture. It explores areas of concern related to cultural competency and medical ethics. Stories outline issues related to communication and comprehension, use of interpreters, gender and sexual orientation, traditional health care practices, socioeconomic status, age, health care settings, and involvement of community representatives. Policy recommendations address language, continuity of care, and health care professions education. PMID:11401622

Howard, C A; Andrade, S J; Byrd, T

2001-01-01

134

Navigating the Dialectic: Following Ethical Rules Versus Culturally Appropriate Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family therapists today face a dramatic increase in the cultural diversity of their clients (Sue, Arredondo, & McDavis, 1992). With this change in clientele, how do therapists deal with the dialectic between doing what they are trained to do in their profession versus doing what is culturally appropriate and potentially most beneficial for clients? When therapists navigate these difficult dialectics,

Elise Cole

2008-01-01

135

Ethics in Publication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the ethical dilemmas in publication and provides recommendations for guidelines involving publication ethics. Counselors may be confronted with a variety of ethical dilemmas such as authorship issues, student-professor research, plagiarism, and other publication problems. The American Counseling Association's "Code of Ethics and…

Jones, Karen Dayle

1999-01-01

136

Racial Identity Theory, Research, and Applications. Edited Conference Proceedings of the Annual Teachers College Winter Roundtable on Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy (8th, New York, New York, February 22-23, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1991 Winter Roundtable on Cross Cultural Counseling was the first national conference devoted to the topic of racial identity in counseling and psychotherapy. Conference papers include: (1) "A Brief Continuing History of the Teachers College Winter Roundtable on Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy" (Samuel D. Johnson, Jr.); (2) "Racial…

Carter, Robert T., Ed.; Johnson, Samuel D., Jr., Ed.

137

A Cross-cultural Study of Moral Philosophies, Ethical Perceptions and Judgements : A Comparison of American and Thai Marketers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moral philosophers and marketing ethicists generally agree that variations in moral judgements exist between different cultures. Compares American marketers with Thai marketers with respect to their moral philoso-phies, ethical perceptions, and ethical judgements. The results based on a survey of members of the American Marketing Association and the Thai Marketing Association indicate that American marketers are both less idealistic and

Anusorn Singhapakdi; Scott J. Vitell; Orose Leelakulthanit

1994-01-01

138

Expertise, empathy and ethical awareness: ideals of genetic counseling based on framing of genetic information in international guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Along with the increase in genetic testing, it has become ever more important to assess the meanings attributed to genetic information in healthcare and in society. The objectives of this article are: (1) to review international guidelines pertaining to genetic counseling; (2) to analyze how genetic information is constructed in these documents; and (3) to summarize how these constructions affect

Elina Rantanen; Seppo Pöntinen; Irmgard Nippert; Jorge Sequeiros; Helena Kääriäinen

2009-01-01

139

Ethics, Cultural Competence, and the Changing Face of America  

PubMed Central

The population in the United States is increasingly multicultural. So, too, is the U.S. physician workforce. The combination of these diversity dynamics sets up the potential for various types of cultural conflict in the nation’s examining rooms, including the relationship between religion and medicine. To address the changing patient-physician landscape, we argue for a broad scale intervention: interdisciplinary bioethics training for physicians and other health professionals. This approach seeks to promote a common procedural expectation and language which can lead to an improved, patient-centered approach resulting in better patient-physician relationships that contribute to better health outcomes across the U.S. population. The authors illustrate their thesis and solution using a well-known case of cross-cultural dynamics taken from religion and medicine—Anne Fadiman’s The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down. PMID:23794754

Chilton, Janice A.

2012-01-01

140

Counselling HEALTH & COUNSELLING  

E-print Network

Counselling HEALTH & COUNSELLING SERVICES Counselling 778.782.4615 - Burnaby intake@sfu.ca 778.782.5200 - Vancouver 778.782.8022 - Surrey surrey_counsellor@sfu.ca Health Clinic 778.783.4615 - Burnaby 778.782.5200 - Vancouver Health Promotion 778.782.4674 Health & Counselling Services, SFU - 8888 University Drive, MBC 0164

141

Blending Genetics and Sociocultural Historical Inquiry: Ethics, Culture, and Human Subjects Protection in International Cross Cultural Research  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we examine the implementation and difficulties when conducting genetics research in a rural, traditional West African culture within the frame of the United States’ grounded research ethics. Research challenges are highlighted by Western researchers following U.S. Institutional Review Board (IRB) guidelines and practices in a non-Western country. IRB concepts are culture bound in Western ideals that may not have synchronicity and compatibility with non-Western cultures. Differences in sociocultural norms, traditions, language, and geography were influencing factors that can affect application of IRB principles. Suggestions for change are offered, which will potentially aid researchers considering application of IRB requirements when conducting research in non-Westernized, non-industrialized countries. PMID:23482512

Sampson, Deborah A.; Caldwell, Dennis; Taylor, Andre D.; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y.

2013-01-01

142

Facebook: Maintaining Ethical Practice in the Cyberspace Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current technology provides counseling center clinicians regular and immediate access to the students they work with via social networking. Focusing on Facebook in particular, this article discusses the opportunities and challenges this access creates and specifically explores how utilization of ethical, clinical, and cultural lenses might affect…

Birky, Ian; Collins, Wanda

2011-01-01

143

Marketing Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Saucier examines marketing ethics, focusing on the nature of new ethical breaches made possible by the increasing capabilities of technology. Chapter topics include the use of fear appeals, intrusive advertising in daily lives, the American materialistic culture, body image advertising, and puffery and deceptive advertising practice. Appendices include the American Marketing Association Code of Ethics, the Parents' Bill of Rights,

Rick D. Saucier

2008-01-01

144

Food and Culture: A Pedagogical Approach to Contextualizing Food-Based Activities in Multicultural Counseling Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedagogic approaches that draw on reflective practices and experiential activities are valued for their perceived ability to enhance multicultural understanding. The use of food-based assignments is not uncommon in multicultural counseling courses; however, the authors contend that although these activities may be experiential in nature, they are…

Sommer, Carol A.; Rush, Lee Covington; Ingene, Daphne H.

2011-01-01

145

Ecologically Based, Culturally Concordant Responding Following Disasters: The Counseling Psychologist's Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the existing theory, research, policy, and practice of disaster mental health and the role of counseling psychology in post-disaster and catastrophic situations, all from a social justice perspective. Specifically, we discuss the phases and stages, social ecology, and individual reactions to disasters. A case study is…

Spokane, Arnold R.; Inman, Arpana G.; Weatherford, Ryan D.; Davidson, Anju Kaduvettoor; Straw, Rebecca

2011-01-01

146

A Reshaping of Counselling Curriculum: Responding to the Changing (Bi)Cultural Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes some of the local Aotearoa New Zealand context of a general "mainstream" undergraduate counselling degree. Students' learning is shaped to produce a professional practice for the local context of Aotearoa New Zealand. As counsellor educators informed by social constructionism, we detail our theoretical position and our…

Flintoff, Vivianne J.; Rivers, Shirley

2012-01-01

147

Cultural and Ethical Issues in Working with Culturally Diverse Patients and Their Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

In all aspects of health and mental health care-the emergency room, the outpatient clinic, inpatient facilities, rehab centers, nursing homes, and hospicessocial workers interact with patients from many different cultures. This paper will introduce an assessment tool for health care professionals to advance understanding of culturally diverse patients and their families.

Elaine P. Congress

2005-01-01

148

Treating an unhealthy organisational culture: the implications of the Bundaberg Hospital Inquiry for managerial ethical decision making.  

PubMed

This paper explores the interplay between individual values, espoused organisational values and the values of the organisational culture in practice in light of a recent Royal Commission in Queensland, Australia, which highlighted systematic failures in patient care. The lack of congruence among values at these levels impacts upon the ethical decision making of health managers. The presence of institutional ethics regimes such as the Public Sector Ethics Act 1994 (Qld) and agency codes of conduct are not sufficient to counteract the negative influence of informal codes of practice that undermine espoused organisational values and community standards. The ethical decision-making capacity of health care managers remains at the front line in the battle against unethical and unprofessional practice. PMID:20334761

Casali, Gian Luca; Day, Gary E

2010-03-01

149

Values and Social Justice in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The construct of social justice in counseling is defined and operationalized in this article. This is followed by a discussion about the intersection between social justice in counseling and philosophy, ethics, and spirituality. A call to action for counseling professionals is offered. (Contains 1 figure.)

Crethar, Hugh C.; Winterowd, Carrie L.

2012-01-01

150

Female genital cutting (FGC) and the ethics of care: community engagement and cultural sensitivity at the interface of migration experiences  

PubMed Central

Background Female Genital Cutting (FGC) anchored in a complex socio-cultural context becomes significant at the interface of access of health and social services in host countries. The practice of FGC at times, understood as a form of gender-based violence, may result in unjustifiable consequences among girls and women; yet, these practices are culturally engrained traditions with complex meanings calling for ethically and culturally sensitive health and social service provision. Intents and meanings of FGC practice need to be well understood before before any policies that criminalize and condemn are derived and implemented. FGC is addressed as a global public health issue with complex legal and ethical dimensions which impacts ability to access services, far beyond gender sensitivity. The ethics of terminology are addressed, building on the sustained controversial debate in regards to the delicate issue of conceptualization. An overview of international policies is provided, identifying the current trend of condemnation of FGC practices. Socio-cultural and ethical challenges are discussed in light of selected findings from a community-based research project. The illustrative examples provided focus on Western countries, with a specific emphasis on Canada. Discussion The examples provided converge with the literature confirming the utmost necessity to engage with the FGC practicing communities allowing for ethically sensitive strategies, reduction of harm in relation to systems of care, and prevention of the risk of systematic gendered stigmatization. A culturally competent, gender and ethically sensitive approach is argued for to ensure the provision of quality ethical care for migrant families in host countries. We argue that socio-cultural determinants such as ethnicity, migration, sex and gender need to be accounted for as integral to the social construction of FGC. Summary Working partnerships between the public health sector and community based organisations with a true involvement of women and men from practicing communities will allow for more sensitive and congruent clinical guidelines. In order to honour the fundamental principles and values of medical ethics, such as compassion, beneficence, non-malfeasance, respect, and justice and accountability, socio-cultural interactions at the interface of health and migration will continue to require proper attention. It entails a commitment to recognise the intrinsic value and dignity of girls’ and women’s context. PMID:24758156

2014-01-01

151

Ethical aspects of directly observed treatment for tuberculosis: a cross-cultural comparison  

PubMed Central

Background Tuberculosis is a major global public health challenge, and a majority of countries have adopted a version of the global strategy to fight Tuberculosis, Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course (DOTS). Drawing on results from research in Ethiopia and Norway, the aim of this paper is to highlight and discuss ethical aspects of the practice of Directly Observed Treatment (DOT) in a cross-cultural perspective. Discussion Research from Ethiopia and Norway demonstrates that the rigid enforcement of directly observed treatment conflicts with patient autonomy, dignity and integrity. The treatment practices, especially when imposed in its strictest forms, expose those who have Tuberculosis to extra burdens and costs. Socially disadvantaged groups, such as the homeless, those employed as day labourers and those lacking rights as employees, face the highest burdens. Summary From an ethical standpoint, we argue that a rigid practice of directly observed treatment is difficult to justify, and that responsiveness to social determinants of Tuberculosis should become an integral part of the management of Tuberculosis. PMID:23819555

2013-01-01

152

A Group Counseling Contract.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group counseling contract was developed following American Psychological Association ethical guidelines. The contract was effective in enabling participants to quickly become involved in group process. The contract could be modified for use by group facilitators in a variety of settings. (Author)

Johnson, Norbert; Johnson, Sarah Campbell

1980-01-01

153

Ethnic Identity and Parenting Stress in South Asian Families: Implications for Culturally Sensitive Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The South Asian culture is one in which family obligation and loyalty, as well as self-sacrifice and obedience toward one's elders, are paramount. These values can be different from those of the more individualistically oriented Euro-Canadian dominant culture, and can prompt challenges of cultural adjustment among Canadian-born South Asian youth…

Shariff, Aneesa

2009-01-01

154

Enhancing an ethical culture through purpose -directed leadership for improved public service delivery: A case for South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fundamental purpose of government departments is to provide services to satisfy public needs. Public leaders have to take on organisational roles to decide how to best achieve the organisation's purpose of meeting human needs and enhancing human life. An ethical culture underpinning purpose- driven leadership is viewed as an effective approach that will promote the broader interests of society

Nirmala Dorasamy

2010-01-01

155

Crisis Counseling: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychologists working in schools are often the first contacts for children experiencing a potentially traumatizing event or change in status. This article reviews basic concepts in crisis counseling and describes the components of psychological first aid. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as…

Sandoval, Jonathan; Scott, Amy Nicole; Padilla, Irene

2009-01-01

156

Legal and Ethical Issues Related to the Management of Cultural Heritage in Space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent discovery of water in darkened craters of the Moon's south pole is only the latest development drawing public and corporate interest to the possibilities of research and travel in outer space. Scientists pursuing fusion-generated power as a solution to global energy needs have also noted the relative abundance of Helium-3, an efficient fuel, on the Moon's surface, and there is the promise of other precious resources there as well. The implantation of colonies on the Moon or Mars, discussed for many decades as science fiction, therefore seems increasingly likely to happen. Some private companies and members of the public are even looking forward to the days when tourists will be able to travel for leisure beyond the earth's atmosphere. Most notably, the X Prize Foundation and Google are sponsoring a prize for the first private group to send an unmanned rover to the Moon as a way of advancing these agendas; 22 teams have registered for the competition, with some scheduled to launch by the end of 2010. Increased attention to outer space travel, exploration, and commercial exploitation has been paralleled by a rise in interest in the protection of cultural resources on Earth, such as ar-chaeological sites and historic monuments. Such sites and monuments already exist in outer space and on extraterrestrial planetary bodies. The Apollo 11 landing site, Tranquility Base, is only the most obvious example of a cultural site of outstanding significance in space. Satellites orbiting the earth -even defunct ones such as Vanguard 1, the oldest man-made object still in orbit, might be considered to have extraordinary historic and cultural value, too. As archae-ologists working on Earth have long recognized, once a site or object is damaged, it can never be perfectly restored to its original condition. Unfortunately, there are so far only a few vague guidelines, drafted in the 1960's and agreed upon by the international community, protecting mankind's cultural heritage in space. The United Nations Outer Space Treaty of 1967 -the primary document governing how nations act in outer space -is now hopelessly out-of-date. There is no mention in the treaty of cultural heritage (the UNESCO convention that concerns international protection of cultural heritage on Earth was not completed until 1970), nor was there any recognition of the role private groups and individuals might play in space exploration. This paper will outline key legal and ethical issues related to cultural heritage management and protection. It will also suggest some ways in which culturally significant sites in space can be protected for future study and even touristic appreciation.

Walsh, Justin

157

Stylistic dimensions of counseling minorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American experience in minority counseling is an ongoing evolutionary process stemming from the general counseling trend of the past two decades. In the 1960s, the Civil Rights movement gave rise to numerous questions primarily regarding the education and welfare of the then interchangeably called 'disadvantaged', 'underprivileged', and 'culturally deprived' youth of America. The nature and role of counseling in

John Mcfadden

1986-01-01

158

Culturally Sensitive Counseling and Interventions for Pregnant Mexican-American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mexican-American adolescents have a high rate of p regnancy. The cultural beliefs of Mexican-American adolescents and the level of accul turation to the United States should be taken into consideration when serving this populati on. Common prevention and intervention methods such as sex education, abortion, and parent ing are viewed with cultural beliefs in mind to provide the best care

Megan Nichole Stampfli

159

Ethical Decision-Making by Educational Leaders: Its Foundations, Culture and More Recent Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The belief that educational leaders need to be ethical decision-makers is recent. Thomas and Bainbridge suggest that an educational leader needs to develop technical competency in ethical leadership. Yet few leaders in schools have been trained in conflict resolution of an ethical nature and little importance has been given to this within existing…

Robbins, Steven; Trabichet, Luc

2009-01-01

160

Reducing cultural and psychological barriers to Latino enrollment in HIV-prevention counseling: Initial data on an enrollment meta-intervention  

PubMed Central

Aspects of Latino culture (e.g., machismo, marianism) can act as barriers to enrollment in HIV-prevention programs. To lift these barriers, a culturally appropriate meta-intervention was designed to increase intentions to enroll in HIV-prevention counseling by Latinos. Latino participants (N = 41) were recruited from the community and randomly assigned to either an experimental or control meta-intervention condition that varied the introduction to a HIV-prevention counseling program. Following the meta-intervention, participants were issued an invitation to take part in HIV-prevention counseling. The outcome measure was the intention to enroll in a HIV-prevention counseling session. Findings indicated that enrollment intentions were higher in the experimental meta-intervention condition (96%) than in the control meta-intervention condition (53%). In addition, the effects of the meta-intervention were comparable across genders and participant ages. Findings suggest that the use of a culturally appropriate meta-intervention may be an effective strategy for increasing Latino enrollment in HIV-prevention programs. These promising findings warrant further investigation into the efficacy and effectiveness of this meta-intervention. PMID:23398305

Wilson, Kristina; Durantini, Marta R.; Albarracin, Julia; Crause, Candi; Albarracin, Dolores

2013-01-01

161

17 CFR 200.21 - The General Counsel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Organization and Program Management General Organization § 200.21 The General Counsel....

2010-04-01

162

Case vignette: child abuse or acceptable cultural norms -- child psychiatrist's response; ethical issues in culturally relevant interventions; cultural contexts.  

PubMed

Three families from the nation of the Gambia have become socially acquainted in the greater Metropolis area where they have relocated from their native country. All three families have preadolescent daughters. None of the girls has as yet undergone the ritual "female circumcision" commonly practiced in their native country. Five of the six parents think it would be a good idea to hold such a ritual ceremony in Metropolis next month. The sixth parent is uneasy about the procedure and wonders if it is appropriate anyway. The parent comes to talk with you, a physician or mental health professional, about this. The parent describes concerns about the procedure and the practice in general, but notes that some groups in the United States do "similar things," referring to the ritual circumcision of Jewish boys at 8 days of age. The parent adds that if the procedure is not possible in the United States, it could be done in the Gambia when the family returns there on holiday. Discussants were asked for their opinions regarding advice to the parent's ethical obligations (especially in the case of mandated reporting of suspected child abuse). PMID:11660019

Brant, Renée; Wyatt, Gail Elizabeth; Martin, Tony

1995-01-01

163

Areas of intervention for genetic counselling of dementia: Cross-cultural comparison between Italians and Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivePurposes of this study are: (1) to evaluate attitudes, beliefs and experiences towards dementia among relatives of Italian familial cases; (2) to perform a cross-cultural comparison between Italian and American samples; (3) to identify predictors of intentions to undergo hypothetical genetic testing.

Giuliano Binetti; Luisa Benussi; Scott Roberts; Aldo Villa; Patrizio Pasqualetti; Ching-Fan Sheu; Lara Gigola; Giulia Lussignoli; Gloria Dal Forno; Laura Barbiero; Gilberto Corbellini; Robert C. Green; Paolo M. Rossini; Roberta Ghidoni

2006-01-01

164

Second Language Acquisition: Cultural, Cognitive, and Clinical Considerations for Counseling Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The non-English-speaking population of the United States has increased by 140% since 1980 (Shin & Kominski, 2010). To serve this growing population, it is important that counselors increase their multicultural and multilingual competence. Through the lens of multicultural theory and relational-cultural theory, we analyze potential benefits of…

Ivers, Nathaniel N.; Ivers, John J., Sr.; Duffey, Thelma

2013-01-01

165

Educating Hispanic Students. Cultural Implications for Instruction, Classroom Management, Counseling and Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents the results of a study entitled "What Counselors, Educators, Psychologists and Others Should Know About the Hispanic Culture in Order to Work More Effectively with Hispanic Students and Their Parents" funded by the California Department of Education in 1982-83. Approximately 500 people (Hispanics and Non-Hispanics) from 19…

Grossman, Herbert

166

Ethical issues in periviable birth.  

PubMed

Ethics is an essential dimension of the management of periviable birth in both clinical practice and research. The goal of clinical care in periviable birth is to improve outcomes for current pregnant and fetal patients. The goal of research in periviable birth is to improve outcomes for future pregnant patients and fetal patients. This paper provides an ethical framework for professionally responsible clinical management and research to improve the outcomes of periviable birth. The ethical framework is based on the professional responsibility model of obstetric ethics, which rejects rights-based reductionism. This model elaborates the ethical concept of the fetus as a patient in terms of beneficence-based and autonomy-based obligations to the pregnant woman and beneficence-based obligations to the fetus and emphasizes that the fetus is not a separate patient. Guidance is provided for counseling pregnant women about the management of pregnancies at 22 weeks of well-documented gestation, for which directive counseling in the form recommending non-aggressive obstetric management is ethically justified. At 24 weeks and later of gestation, directive counseling in the form of recommending aggressive obstetric management is ethically justified. For the period between 22 and 24 weeks gestation, non-directive counseling is ethically justified. Guidance is also provided for counseling pregnant women about participation in clinical trials and in innovative intervention for fetal benefit. Non-directive counseling should be strictly followed for both. PMID:24290400

Chervenak, Frank A; McCullough, Laurence B

2013-12-01

167

Antecedents to Financial Statement Misreporting: The Influence of Organizational Business Strategy, Ethical Culture and Climate  

E-print Network

by management or the communication of inappropriate values or ethical standards? (AICPA 2002, AU §316.85). Furthermore, the ethical climate literature consistently finds evidence that the ethical philosophies and value systems perpetuated by management... evidence suggests that criminal behaviors are more prevalent when individuals feel frustrated within the social system; thus in an effort to predict criminal activity, ?it is certainly defensible to measure the degree to which individuals feel frustrated...

Bentley, Kathleen

2012-10-19

168

Translating global recommendations on HIV and infant feeding to the local context: the development of culturally sensitive counselling tools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background This paper describes the process used to develop an integrated set of culturally sensitive, evidence-based counselling tools (job aids) by using qualitative participatory research. The aim of the intervention was to contribute to improving infant feeding counselling services for HIV positive women in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. Methods Formative research using a combination of qualitative methods preceded the development of the intervention and mapped existing practices, perceptions and attitudes towards HIV and infant feeding (HIV/IF) among mothers, counsellors and community members. Intervention Mapping (IM) protocol guided the development of the overall intervention strategy. Theories of behaviour change, a review of the international HIV/IF guidelines and formative research findings contributed to the definition of performance and learning objectives. Key communication messages and colourful graphic illustrations related to infant feeding in the context of HIV were then developed and/or adapted from existing generic materials. Draft materials were field tested with intended audiences and subjected to stakeholder technical review. Results An integrated set of infant feeding counselling tools, referred to as 'job aids', was developed and included brochures on feeding methods that were found to be socially and culturally acceptable, a Question and Answer Guide for counsellors, a counselling card on the risk of transmission of HIV, and an infant feeding toolbox for demonstration. Each brochure describes the steps to ensure safer infant feeding using simple language and images based on local ideas and resources. The brochures are meant to serve as both a reference material during infant feeding counselling in the ongoing prevention of mother to child transmission (pMTCT) of HIV programme and as take home material for the mother. Conclusion The study underscores the importance of formative research and a systematic theory based approach to developing an intervention aimed at improving counselling and changing customary feeding practices. The identification of perceived barriers and facilitators for change contributed to developing the key counselling messages and graphics, reflecting the socio-economic reality, cultural beliefs and norms of mothers and their significant others. PMID:17018140

Leshabari, Sebalda C; Koniz-Booher, Peggy; Astr?m, Anne N; de Paoli, Marina M; Moland, Karen M

2006-01-01

169

Business Ethics Attitudes in Modern Russia and China: A Cross-Cultural Analysis 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research details an exploratory three year survey of the ethical attitudes of business students from around the world. Our findings show that non-American students know few details about the US-related ethical (ex. Enron) controversies. Furthermore, their knowledge has shown little affect in the attitudes of the students. We also summarize preliminary results of the survey research in China and

Marty Ludlum

170

An Empirical Investigation of Cultural Differences in Ethical Decisionmaking among U.S. Accounting Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparison of responses of 119 Asian, 51 Caucasian, and 32 Hispanic accounting students to ethical vignettes showed significant differences in the ethical judgments and intentions of Asian and Caucasian students. Hispanic and Caucasian students did not differ significantly. There were some gender differences. (SK)

Shafer, William E.; Park, L. Jane

1999-01-01

171

The Career Counseling with Underserved Populations Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing effective career counseling to culturally diverse individuals is not the same as helping those from majority cultures. The Career Counseling With Underserved Populations model aids career counselors in supporting underserved populations as they strive to address their important career counseling issues.

Pope, Mark

2011-01-01

172

The Evolution of Ethics: Personal Perspectives of ACA Ethics Committee Chairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a survey of the American Counseling Association Ethics Committee chairs regarding their experiences, learning, and insights in the area of professional counselor ethics resulting from their service on the committee. In addition, ethics chairs reflect on current and future trends in counselor ethics. (Contains 13 references.)…

Walden, Susan L.; Herlihy, Barbara; Ashton, Lauri

2003-01-01

173

Existential Authenticity: A Foundational Value for Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author challenges the view that adopting an existential perspective in counseling is inapplicable or a luxury for most clients. The concept of existential authenticity is presented as an organizing ethic that can bring out the positive side of existentialism in counseling. Specific values and conditions are presented that can be adopted to…

Miars, Russell D.

2002-01-01

174

University Counseling Center Off-Campus Referrals  

Microsoft Academic Search

University counseling centers (UCC) must rely on referrals to off-campus providers, due to limited staffing, severity of clients' issues, and ethical treatment considerations. In a mixed method design, this study found that 42% of clients were unsuccessful in connecting with an off-campus provider when referred by a university counseling center therapist. Clients of color were more unsuccessful in connecting with

Jesse Owen; Lavanya Devdas; Emil Rodolfa

2007-01-01

175

Current Practices & Future Implications for Internet Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the counseling profession, the use of the Internet is a novel phenomenon and one that is continuing to attract and demand counselors' attention. There are those who advocate on its behalf, while others scrutinize it with disapproval. It is argued that the counseling profession has both a duty and an ethical obligation to meet the needs and…

Attridge, William C.

176

Genetic Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

Genetic counseling provides information and support to people who have, or may be at risk for, genetic disorders. A ... meets with you to discuss genetic risks. The counseling may be for yourself or a family member. ...

177

The Impact of Cultural Differences on the Convergence of International Accounting Codes of Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) has issued a revised “Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants” (IFAC\\u000a Code). The IFAC Code is intended to be a model code of ethics for national accounting organizations throughout the world.\\u000a Prior research demonstrates that approximately 50% of IFAC member organizations have adopted the IFAC Code as their organizational\\u000a code of conduct. There is

Curtis E. Clements; John D. Neill; O. Scott Stovall

2009-01-01

178

Counseling Endorphins.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author introduces, through personal narrative, the idea that the experience of counseling another person can create "counseling endorphins" and invites other mental health professionals to enter into a dialogue about the possibility of a counseling "high" and about how to design research to explore this phenomenon. (Author/JPS)

Kottman, Terry

1994-01-01

179

Career Counseling and the Information Highway: Heeding the Road Signs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traveling the "information highway" in the process of career counseling or providing career counseling services via the Internet pose additional challenges for counselors. The authors use current ethical guidelines to guide discussion of, and possible resolutions to, challenges posed by incorporating the Internet into career counseling. (Contains…

O'Halloran, Theresa M.; Fahr, Alicia V.; Keller, Jenny R.

2002-01-01

180

Religiosity and ethical ideology of physicians: a cross-cultural study.  

PubMed

In this study of ethical ideology and religiosity, 1,255 physicians from Canada, China, Ireland, India, Japan and Thailand participated. Forsyth's (1980) Ethical Position Questionnaire and Rohrbaugh and Jessor's (J Pers 43:136-155, 1975) Religiosity Measure were used as the survey instruments. The results demonstrated that physicians from India, Thailand and China reported significantly higher rates of idealism than physicians from Canada and Japan. India, Thailand and China also scored significantly higher than Ireland. Physicians from Japan and India reported significantly higher rates of relativism than physicians from Canada, Ireland, Thailand and China. Physicians from China also reported higher rates of relativism than physicians from Canada, Ireland and Thailand. Overall, religiosity was positively associated with idealism and negatively associated with relativism. This study is the first to explore the differences between ethical ideology and religiosity among physicians in an international setting as well as the relationship between these two constructs. Both religiosity and ethical ideology are extremely generalized, and the extent to which they may impact the actual professional behaviour of physicians is unknown. This paper sets up a point of departure for future research that could investigate the extent to which physicians actually employ their religious and/or ethical orientation to solve ambiguous medical decisions. PMID:22696067

Malloy, D C; Sevigny, P R; Hadjistavropoulos, T; Bond, K; Fahey McCarthy, E; Murakami, M; Paholpak, S; Shalini, N; Liu, P L; Peng, H

2014-02-01

181

Graduate Counseling Students' Learning, Development, and Retention of Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated 52 graduate counseling students' levels of ethical and legal knowledge (Lambie, Hagedorn, & Ieva, 2010) and social-cognitive development (Hy & Loevinger, 1996) at three points: (a) prior to a counseling ethics course, (b) at the completion of the course, and (c) four months later. Students' ethical

Lambie, Glenn W.; Ieva, Kara P.; Mullen, Patrick R.

2013-01-01

182

Counselors' Perceptions of Ethical Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A random sample of American Counseling Association members was asked to respond to a 77-item survey of counselor behaviors and identify whether each behavior was ethical or unethical. Results are categorized by behaviors in which 90% of counselors agreed, 75% to 90% agreed, and 25% to 50% disagreed. Also, changes in ethics education were reviewed…

Neukrug, Edward S.; Milliken, Tammi

2011-01-01

183

The Potency and Power of Counseling Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stories are an essential part of counseling. Through stories, clients and counselors gain a deeper understanding of concerns brought into counseling sessions and strategies used to address them. Through storytelling, catharsis, power, insight, meaning, cultural awareness, and change take place. This article examines the research on stories in counseling plus how counselor stories, as well as client stories, can be

Samuel T. Gladding; Melanie J. Drake Wallace

2010-01-01

184

Geosciences: an important tool for the ethical advancement and the economic and cultural development of our society  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a society in economic, cultural and ethical terms is always linked to the growth of the scientific and technical knowledge. It follows that the downsizing of the scientific research brings to a slower growth or even, as it is happening these days in Italy, a real cultural decay. The consequences of the economic crisis are evident to everyone, but it is precisely in times of crisis that the best strategies to restart the economy and give new cultural perspectives to society are studied. The crisis is also contrasted with ideas and ability to put them into practice. This, however, also presupposes a different cultural approach, which has to also include a review of values and beliefs, and a redefinition of the objectives to be pursued. This approach is modeled on the basis of several positive experiences that a country can boast. Among these experiences, there are those arising from the scientific culture: geology, for example, such as chemistry, biology or other sciences, can help to change vision. The research and practice of Earth sciences have important implications on the life and activities of the population and therefore the geoscientists, as active subjects in the society, should question their role and responsibilities. They should be at the service of society, especially in the fields of prevention from natural hazards and valorization of georesources. In this sense they can give important indications for economy and development of their country. The Italian Council of Geologists (Consiglio Nazionale dei Geologi - CNG) acts with the aim of highlighting the social role of geoscientists, hoping for a new cultural Renaissance, which leads to new researches, without obscurantism or prejudices. In an authoritative way, the CNG intends to put this social role before any demand from the professional category. Therefore, it has recently presented its political Manifesto, geared essentially to the good governance of the territory, to all the Italian political parties and candidates to the role of Prime Minister, asking them to share it in their election programs. This paper stresses that geology can and must bring those contributions which society requires, in respect of a comprehensive view of the land and its management, with an integrated approach to the major issues that directly or indirectly involve the whole society: finding, exploitation and proper management of natural resources (water, raw materials and sources of energy); knowledge of natural hazards and risks and consequent planning of all those actions necessary and indispensable, since the territorial safety is a fundamental right of every citizen. If the geosciences and geoscientists will be placed at the base of the economic and social structure of a modern country, consequently their contribution in terms of ethical and cultural progress of society will become essential.

Vito Graziano, Gian

2013-04-01

185

21A.215 Medical Anthropology: Culture, Society, and Ethics in Disease and Health, Fall 2008  

E-print Network

This course looks at medicine from a cross-cultural perspective, focusing on the human, as opposed to biological, side of things. Students learn how to analyze various kinds of medical practice as cultural systems. Particular ...

Jackson, Jean

186

Why Counseling?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph on the status of guidance and counseling in the United States is taken from the author's 1982 testimony to the Subcommittee on Education, Arts, and Humanities of the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee. International and national perspectives on guidance and counseling are addressed, and geographic differences in guidance and…

Herr, Edwin L.

187

Cultural Values and Attitudes towards Guidance and Counselling Services in One Secondary School in Malaysia: The Role of a School Cultural System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This narrative ethnographic study aims to explore students' attitudes towards guidance and counselling services in one secondary school in Malaysia. Semi-structured individual interviews, group interviews and observations were conducted with school students of different racial backgrounds. They were identified as referred clients,…

Daud, Nurul Ain Mohd; Bond, Tim

2013-01-01

188

The Relationship of Organizational Corruption with Organizational Culture, Attitude towards Work and Work Ethics: A Search on Turkish High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to analyse organizational corruption and to determine its level of relation to attitude towards work, work ethics and organizational culture. The data in study have been collected from 441 public high school teachers employed in the central districts of Ankara in the school year of 2008-2009. Data have been collected…

Balci, Ali; Ozdemir, Murat; Apaydin, Cigdem; Ozen, Fatmanur

2012-01-01

189

Counseling International Students in Canadian Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

International students face many demands as they navigate the cross-cultural transition of living and learning in host countries such as Canada. The cultural diversity represented in this student population poses unique challenges for multicultural counseling. The ways that international students have been represented in the literature may contribute to barriers for effective counseling services. The discussion begins with a summary

Natalee Popadiuk; Nancy Arthur

2004-01-01

190

End-of-Life Decisions about Withholding or Withdrawing Therapy: Medical, Ethical, and Religio-Cultural Considerations  

PubMed Central

Towards the end of life, physicians face dilemmas of discontinuing life-sustaining treatments or interventions. In some circumstances, these treatments are no longer of benefit, while in others the patient or family no longer want them. The physician plays an essential role in clarifying the goals of medical treatment, defining the care plan, initiating discussions about life-sustaining therapy, educating patients and families, helping them deliberate, making recommendations, and implementing the treatment plan. Communication is key. It should be clarified that when inevitable death is imminent, it is legitimate to refuse or limit forms of treatment that would only secure a precarious and burdensome prolongation of life, for as long as basic humane, compassionate care is not interrupted. Agreement to DNR status does not preclude supportive measures that keep patients free from pain and suffering as possible. Acceptable clinical practice on withdrawing or withholding treatment is based on an understanding of the medical, ethical, cultural, and religious issues. There is a need to individualize care option discussions to illness status, and patient and family preferences, beliefs, values, and cultures. The process of shared decision making between the patient, the family, and the clinicians should continue as goals evolve and change over time. PMID:25278756

Manalo, Maria Fidelis C

2013-01-01

191

Challenges of Cultural and Racial Diversity to Counseling: Volume 1. Great Britain and the United States. London Conference Proceedings (June 25-29, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the proceedings of the first international conference sponsored by the American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) and the British Association for Counselling (BAC). The document contains a foreword by Robert Nejedlo; a preface by Edwin Herr and John McFadden; an overview of the language of counseling in the…

Herr, Edwin L., Ed.; McFadden, John, Ed.

192

Whatever Happened to Counseling in Counseling Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A suspected decline in published counseling-related research in "The Counseling Psychologist" ("TCP") and the "Journal of Counseling Psychology" ("JCP") was investigated through content analyses of the two journals from 1979 to 2008. A marked decline in counseling-related research may signify a shift in emphasis away from counseling as the most…

Scheel, Michael J.; Berman, Margit; Friedlander, Myrna L.; Conoley, Collie W.; Duan, Changming; Whiston, Susan C.

2011-01-01

193

Using Scripture in Counselling Evangelicals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines how the Bible can be used beneficially and ethically as a resource in counseling evangelicals. For evangelicals the Bible is their “primary text”—an unequalled source of authority and comfort. Evangelicals begin with the selfattestation of scripture to its own reliability and usefulness (e.g. 2 Tim. 3:16–17). When the scriptures are used in a responsible way using sound

A. Tim Span

2009-01-01

194

An Ethical Solution to the Challenges in Teaching Anatomy with Dissection in the Chinese Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities and medical schools in China are faced with an ongoing shortage of cadavers for education and research because of insufficient numbers of cadaver donations. This article will examine the main obstacles to cadaver donation in the Chinese culture. These include superstitious traditional views about the body, a lack of legislation…

Zhang, Luqing; Wang, Yunfeng; Xiao, Ming; Han, Qunying; Ding, Jiong

2008-01-01

195

Reality, Dysconsciousness, and Transformations: Personal Reflections on the Ethics of Cross-Cultural Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this personal narrative, I offer reflections about the process of conducting a cross-cultural, cross-linguistic research project with teachers of English in China. Lessons learned from this study address some of the hegemonic perspectives and assumptions that can be dysconsciously held by native English-speakers, the value of crossing borders…

Janusch, Sandra

2011-01-01

196

Ethics, Identity and Culture: Some Implications of the Moral Philosophy of Iris Murdoch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the work of Iris Murdoch, a moral philosopher who maintains that the work of moral education is the recognition of the phenomenology of inner moral experience and the struggle to express it. Shows how important this view of the inner meaning of moral experience, often expressed as metaphor, is to identity, culture, and education.…

Weldhen, Margaret

1986-01-01

197

Ethics and International Curriculum Work: The Challenges of Culture and Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The widely cited, though highly contested, idea that "the world is flat" (Friedman, 2004) carries with it a call for education to provide a leveling effect across continents and cultures Students in Skokie or in Skopje, as the theory goes, are expected to experience a school curriculum that shares certain common elements, goals, and purposes. Such…

Mason, Terrence C., Ed.; Helfenbein, Robert J., Ed.

2012-01-01

198

Confidentiality Issues when Minor Children Disclose Family Secrets in Family Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature addressing ethical issues involved in the disclosure of family secrets in counseling has typically focused on secrets disclosed by adults, ignoring the ethical issues surrounding individual disclosure by minor children and confidentiality within the family counseling context. This article explores family secrets, confidentiality…

McCurdy, Kenneth G.; Murray, Kenneth C.

2003-01-01

199

The Practice of Marriage and Family Counseling in Cyberspace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the current practice of using the Internet to provide marriage and family counseling services. Discusses how the Internet has developed into a medium that can be used for the provision of marriage and family counseling services. Ethical guidelines developed by other associations have direct implication in how marriage and family therapists…

Jencius, Marty; Sager, Denise E.

2001-01-01

200

Death competence: an ethical imperative.  

PubMed

The authors argued that death competence, defined as specialized skill in tolerating and managing clients' problems related to dying, death, and bereavement, is a necessary prerequisite for ethical practice in grief counseling. A selected review of the literature tracing the underpinnings of this concept reveals how a robust construct of death competence evolved. Using the vehicle of a case study, the authors analyzed an example of empathic failure resulting from an apparent lack of death competence on the part of a mental health provider to illustrate the importance of this characteristic in delivering clinically effective and ethically sensitive grief counseling. PMID:24567993

Gamino, Louis A; Ritter, R Hal

2012-01-01

201

The Ethical Self-Fashioning of Physicians and Health Care Systems in Culturally Appropriate Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diverse advocacy groups have pushed for the recognition of cultural differences in health care as a means to redress inequalities\\u000a in the U.S., elaborating a form of biocitizenship that draws on evidence of racial and ethnic health disparities to make claims\\u000a on both the state and health care providers. These efforts led to federal regulations developed by the U.S. Office

Susan J. Shaw; Julie Armin

2011-01-01

202

Which Ethics Will Make us Individually and Socially Happier? A Cross-Culture and Cross-Development Analytical Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an analytical model representing four polar ethical approaches drawn from the main ethical positions suggested\\u000a by the philosophical, psychological, and socio-economic literature. Moreover, it develops the model in order to obtain rankings\\u000a of the four approaches in terms of happiness and, consequently, to provide insights into which ethical approach should best\\u000a be adopted by each individual, according

Fabio Zagonari

2011-01-01

203

Cultural and Ethical Issues in Working with Culturally Diverse Patients and Their Families: The Use of the Culturagram to Promote Cultural Competent Practice in Health Care Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY. In all aspects of health and mental health care-the emer- gency room, the outpatient clinic, inpatient facilities, rehab centers, nursing homes, and hospices-social workers interact with patients from many different cultures. This paper will introduce an assessment tool for health care professionals to advance understanding of culturally diverse patients and their families. (Article copies available for a fee from

Elaine P. Congress

204

Outplacement Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monographs discusses outplacement counseling (the process of helping a terminated employee secure new employment) in business and industry and in higher education. The first section, outplacement in business and industry, describes the emergence of outplacement services and discusses benefits and problems associated with the service. The…

Knowdell, Richard L.; And Others

205

Photo Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors at all levels are perpetually seeking new and more effective ways of establishing and maintaining therapeutic contact with their clients. The author has found the use of family photographs in counseling as a very effective means of establishing a good counselor-client relationship. (Author/HMV)

Gosciewski, F. William

1975-01-01

206

Crisis Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, most school districts spend anywhere from one to thirteen dollars per student repairing damage caused by vandals. Yerba Buena High School, in San Jose, California, spends less than one thousand dollars per year total, and attributes this success to a project called "Crisis Counseling". (RW)

Neill, Shirley Boes

1977-01-01

207

Abortion Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses the characteristics and feelings of women undergoing abortion. She mentions the decisions which counselors must help such women face, the information they must be given, and the types of support they need. Increased counseling services are needed, she feels, for the markedly increased number of women seeking abortions. (EK)

Brashear, Diane B.

1973-01-01

208

Counseling Kids.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book targeted especially to those who counsel middle-school through high school students, shares experiences, concepts, happenings, and anecdotes of a school counselor. Concepts are presented for those interested in developing functional orientations in the area of helping relationships. The first chapter discusses the concept of help and…

Peters, Donald L.

209

Genetic Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information is presented on a number of tests used in genetic counseling (e.g., genetic evaluation, chromosome evaluation, consideration of multifactorial conditions, prenatal testing, and chorionic villus sampling) which help parents with one disabled child make family planning decisions. (CB)

Exceptional Parent, 1987

1987-01-01

210

The Journal of College Admission Ethics Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is the first significant body of literature on ethics in college admission published by the National Association for College Admission Counseling. The series is a select compilation of articles on ethics published in the Journal of College Admission in 1998 and 1999. The book is a source of information for the beginning and experienced…

Loveland, Elaina C., Ed.; Raynor, Joyce, Ed.

211

The Impact of Perception of Performance Appraisal and Distributive Justice Fairness on Employees' Ethical Decision Making in Paternalist Organizational Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethics in decision making has been an issue for academics, practitioners, and governmental regulators for decades. In the last decade, numerous scandals and consequently many corporate crises in the global business world have added credence to the criticisms of business ethics. Therefore, it is vital to understand the factors affecting employees'…

Goksoy, Asli; Alayoglu, Nihat

2013-01-01

212

Support and counseling after maternal death.  

PubMed

Teamwork, communication, critical incident debriefing, and grief counseling surrounding the events of an unexpected maternal death are important continuing education and practice topics for health care employees working with pregnant women. Social technologies have impacted health care institutions and systems. Ethical dilemmas have been created in hospitals as they develop policies and procedures regarding electronic communications and social networking Web sites. PMID:22280872

Hill, Pauline E

2012-02-01

213

Directions in Substance Abuse Counseling, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of six lessons provides expert information on a variety of issues in substance abuse counseling. The lessons, which may be applied toward continuing education credits, are: (1) "Ethics in Substance Abuse Rehabilitation" (Robert L. Hewes); (2) "Addressing the Needs of Clients with Traumatic Injury and Alcoholism" (Charles H.…

Cohen, Adam W., Ed.

2000-01-01

214

The Role of Positive Ethics and Virtues in the Context of Sport and Performance Psychology Service Delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical principles developed for clinical\\/counseling psychologists are a useful, but incomplete, guide for sport and performance psychology (SPP) practitioners. Positive and virtue ethics are introduced to the SPP ethical literature as an additional resource. Positive ethics focus on practitioners' reaching their fullest potential rather than avoiding risk (Knapp & VanDeCreek, 2006). Virtue ethics emphasize the character of the professional rather

Mark W. Aoyagi; Steven T. Portenga

2010-01-01

215

Ethical guidelines in genetics and genomics. An Islamic perspective.  

PubMed

We are at a time of unprecedented increase in knowledge of rapidly changing technology. Such biotechnology especially when it involves human subjects raises complex ethical, legal, social and religious issues. A World Health Organization expert consultation concluded that "genetics advances will only be acceptable if their application is carried out ethically, with due regard to autonomy, justice, education and the beliefs and resources of each nation and community." Public health authorities are increasingly concerned by the high rate of births with genetic disorders especially in developing countries where Muslims are a majority. Therefore, it is imperative to scrutinize the available methods of prevention and management of genetic disorders. A minimum level of cultural awareness is a necessary prerequisite for the delivery of care that is culturally sensitive, especially in Islamic countries. Islam presents a complete moral, ethical, and medical framework, it is a religion which encompasses the secular with the spiritual, the mundane with the celestial and hence forms the basis of the ethical, moral and even juridical attitudes and laws towards any problem or situation. Islamic teachings carry a great deal of instructions for health promotion and disease prevention including hereditary and genetic disorders, therefore, we will discuss how these teachings play an important role in the diagnostic, management and preventive measures including: genomic research; population genetic screening pre-marital screening, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis; assisted reproduction technology; stem cell therapy; genetic counseling and others. PMID:16380763

Al-Aqeel, Aida I

2005-12-01

216

[Ethical medicine in Paracelsus].  

PubMed

The last decades have been an increasing interest in medical ethics. Paracelsus occupies an important place in the development of ethics in medicine in the crucial cultural passage between Middle Ages and Renaissance. Paracelsus' biography is in itself connected with ethical choices and theories. In his medical doctrines ethics is rooted in the belief in a strict correspondence between micro- and macrocosmos. Love is the basis on which a correct doctor-patient relationship can be built. Ilnesses are but episodes in the human life, and care for both spiritual and bodily health should dominate the entire life, and not ony the crucial moments of birth, sickness and death. PMID:11619967

Engelhardt, D V

1997-01-01

217

Transcultural Counseling: Bilateral and International Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many of the problems of the world find their expression in the microcosm of the counseling profession. Counselors must be able to look beyond the current field of cross-cultural and multicultural counseling and develop skills and knowledge relevant to international interaction of multiple languages, races, ethnicities, and lifestyles. This book…

McFadden, John, Ed.

218

Multicultural Counseling and the Orthodox Jew  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cultural diversity literature largely ignores the effects of religion, and especially Judaism, on counseling and psychotherapy. The author reviews the meager and mostly anecdotal accounts relating to Orthodox Jews in the literature of several related disciplines, including counseling, social work, psychology, and psychiatry. The objective is…

Schnall, Eliezer

2006-01-01

219

Death Competence: An Ethical Imperative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors argued that death competence, defined as specialized skill in tolerating and managing clients' problems related to dying, death, and bereavement, is a necessary prerequisite for ethical practice in grief counseling. A selected review of the literature tracing the underpinnings of this concept reveals how a robust construct of death…

Gamino, Louis A.; Ritter, R. Hal, Jr.

2012-01-01

220

Web peer counseling system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of information and communication technology has opened a new era in the counseling profession. Web counseling is a method of service delivery with potential to supplement traditional face to face counseling. students were more likely to discuss personal concerns with a peer counselor than with a Professional counselor. Therefore, online peer counseling systems are needed. Web peer counseling

Zeng Wang; Yi Chi; Hongzhen Chen; Reifeng Xin

2010-01-01

221

Disguised Ideologies in Counseling and Social Justice Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A social justice orientation for counseling is appealing to many but appears to some to violate counselor neutrality and respect for client freedom and rights. Confusion about neutrality and advocacy in the counseling field seems to reflect confused assumptions and values in the wider culture. As a result, counseling is guided more by a disguised…

Harrist, Steve; Richardson, Frank C.

2012-01-01

222

Ethical Challenges in a Complex World: Highlights of the 2005 ACA Code of Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being an effective counselor includes having knowledge of and the ability to integrate a code of ethics into one's professional practice. This article addresses some of the highlights of the changes in the 2005 ACA [American Counseling Association] Code of Ethics such as end-of-life issues, boundaries and relationships, and multicultural and…

Kocet, Michael M.

2006-01-01

223

Genetic Counseling Program Information  

E-print Network

Genetic Counseling Program Information for Potential Applicants #12;Wayne State Genetic Counseling Program Overview "Genetic counseling is the process of helping people understand and adapt to the medical, psychological, and familial implications of genetic contributions to disease. The process integrates

Berdichevsky, Victor

224

Genetic Counseling Training  

MedlinePLUS

Genetic Counseling Training Find out the answers the questions you may have about becoming a genetic counselor with these Frequently Asked ... Graduate School Simulated Genetic Counseling Sessions Genetic Counseling Training Programs Applying Interviewing Acceptance Learn More about Genetic ...

225

Counseling Mexican-American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to facilitate understanding of unique mental health problems faced by Mexican-American women, through a discussion of their demongraphy, cultural characteristics, sources of psychological stress, underuse of services, and factors reducing self-referral. In the final section recommendations are provided for counseling Mexican-American…

Palacios, Maria; Franco, Juan N.

1986-01-01

226

Factors for Personal Counseling among Counseling Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explored the use of counseling among counselor trainees and the characteristics of consumers and nonconsumers. Approximately 61% of those surveyed (n = 85) reported that they had received counseling, with the majority being mental health counseling trainees. Nonconsumers (n = 54) indicated that they coped with problems in other…

Byrne, J. Stephen; Shufelt, Brett

2014-01-01

227

Honoring Their Way: Counseling American Indian Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors review current literature on issues facing American Indian (AI) women and discuss implications for providing culturally sensitive counseling with these women. A case study of a Dine (Navajo) woman living within mainstream society and holding true to her traditional cultural beliefs illustrates how a culturally responsive approach to…

Rayle, Andrea Dixon; Chee, Christine; Sand, Jennifer K.

2006-01-01

228

(Good) corporate governance and the strategic integration of meso ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The primary goal of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of meso ethics from a corporate governance perspective, and the strategic process of integration between corporate and individual ethics for the creation of an ethical culture. A secondary aim is to identify the organizational behavior variables that are affected by the ethical congruence between employee ethics

Steven H. Appelbaum; Louis Vigneault; Edward Walker; Barbara T. Shapiro

2009-01-01

229

Report of the ACA Ethics Committee: 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the activities of the American Counseling Association (ACA) Ethics Committee during the period of July 1, 2002, through June 30, 2003. Summary data of the complaints filed and the inquiries received are presented.

Hubert, Robert M.; Freeman, Larry T.

2004-01-01

230

Report of the Aca Ethics Committee: 2003-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the activities of the American Counseling Association (ACA) Ethics Committee during the period of July 1, 2003, through June 30, 2004. Summary data of the complaints filed and the inquiries received are presented.

Kocet, Michael M.; Freeman, Larry T.

2005-01-01

231

Counseling Torture Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the psychological effects of torture (including solitary confinement) and the implications of torture for counseling and the counseling psychology profession. Discusses counseling issues related to diagnosis of torture victims, treatment, special considerations for counselors, use of testimony as counseling technique, and prognosis.…

Whittaker, Shaun R.

1988-01-01

232

Computer technology and counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological advances and emphasis on time-limited, inexpensive treatment has ushered in counseling through the use of communication via internet. The utilization of technology for health care purposes has increased in popularity and usage in clinical practice. Distance counseling or e-counseling is a method of service delivery with potential to supplement traditional face to face counseling. The challenges of using this

Zainah Ahmad Zamani

2009-01-01

233

LGBTQ Responsive School Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comprehensive, developmental school counseling is associated with positive outcomes. Despite this, research has indicated that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) students may still remain invisible and underserved in schools. The authors propose LGBTQ Responsive School Counseling for school counselors to address this potential gap. Examples of LGBTQ responsive school counseling curriculum, student planning, counseling, and systems support activities

Kristopher M. Goodrich; Melissa Luke

2009-01-01

234

Wellness, Health & Counseling Services  

E-print Network

Center Anteater Recreation Center Counseling Center Disability Services Center Health Education Center Student Health Center #12;The mission of the Wellness, Health & Counseling Services cluster is to support, and Engineering, Science & Technology (949) 824-6881 www.career.uci.edu #12;Counseling Center · Primary counseling

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

235

Substance Abuse and Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on the identification of practical knowledge and skills needed for counseling individuals with substance abuse problems. It is a resource for practitioners, students, and faculty in school counseling, rehabilitation counseling, mental health counseling, school psychology, or social work in recognizing, preventing, and treating…

Sales, Amos, Ed.

236

An Investigation of the Ethical Decision-Making of Preschool Teachers: A Cultural Study of a Sample in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the ethical decision-making of preschool teachers (N = 26) in Samsun, on the northern coast of Turkey, was examined. For this analysis, six real-life dilemmas were prepared, chosen from the problems that most often arise in kindergartens in Turkey. These dilemmas addressed the commitment of the teacher to the child, to self, to the…

Ozturk, Safak

2011-01-01

237

Ethical stockmanship.  

PubMed

The objective of this review is to consider the ethics of stockmanship, particularly from the perspective of the nature and extent of the duties of stockpeople to their farm animals. It will consider what science tells us about the impact of stockmanship on the animal, particularly the welfare of the farm animal. The effects of human-animal interactions on the stockperson will also be considered, since these interactions affect the work performance and job satisfaction of the stockperson and thus indirectly affect animal welfare. Animal ethics is broader than animal welfare and includes economic as well as philosophical, social, cultural and religious aspects. This paper is predicated on the view that farm animals can suffer, and that animal suffering is a key consideration in our moral obligations to animals. Housing and husbandry practices affect farm animal welfare and thus farmers and stockpeople have a responsibility to provide, at minimum, community-acceptable animal housing and husbandry standards for their animals. The farmer's or stockperson's attitudes and behaviour can directly affect the animal's welfare and thus they also have a responsibility to provide specific standards of stockmanship for these animals. However, research suggests that the behaviour of some stockpeople is not as correct as it might be. Such situations exemplify the inevitably unequal human - domestic animal relationship, and this inequality should be considered in analysing the boundary between right and wrong behaviour of humans. Thus ethical discussion, using science and other considerations and involving stockpeople, livestock industries, government and the general public, should be used to establish and assure acceptable stockperson competencies across the livestock industries. Training programs targeting the key attitudes and behaviour of stockpeople presently offer the livestock industries good opportunities to improve human-animal interactions. PMID:17470069

Hemsworth, P H

2007-05-01

238

When Values and Ethics Conflict: The Counselor's Role and Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the core conditions of client-centered counseling and supported by aspects of psychodynamic, cognitive developmental, and behavioral theories, a perspective is introduced that provides a resolution to the dilemma experienced by counselors and counseling students whose personal values and beliefs conflict with the ethical guidelines of the…

Elliott, Glenda R.

2011-01-01

239

West Meets East: A Cross-cultural Look at American and Russian Public Relations Students' Perceptions of Leadership Style and Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study represents an attempt to examine ethical inclination, similarities and differences between public relations students in Russia and the United States. Scholars recognize that perception of an ethical issue is an important prerequisite for the ethical decision process, and this survey explored perceptions of 377 American and Russian public relations students regarding professional ethics and leadership styles. Results

Elina Erzikova; Bruce Berger

2008-01-01

240

Extending the Humanistic Vision: Toward a Humanities Foundation for the Counseling Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founding humanists argued that counseling should be ideologically grounded in the humanities. Currently, professional counseling culture is largely structured by scientific assumptions, which, the author maintains, have had a detrimental impact on the profession. Specific recommendations for shifting professional counseling culture to a humanities…

Hansen, James T.

2012-01-01

241

Challenges of Cultural and Racial Diversity to Counseling: Volume 2. Latin America and the United States. Mexico City Conference Proceedings (June 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from the second international conference of the American Counseling Association held in Mexico City in June 1990 are included in this book. The book is divided into four parts: community, diversity, communication, and spirituality. The following papers are included: (1) Myths, Realities, and Implications of the English Only Movement in the…

Gonzalez, Gerardo M., Ed.; and Others

242

Ethics and the University. Professional Ethics Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book brings together the closely related topics of the practice of ethics in the university, "academic ethics," and the teaching of practical, or applied, ethics in the university. The volume considers practical ethics, research ethics, the teaching of ethics, and sexual ethics as related to the university. The chapters are: (1) "The Ethics

Davis, Michael

243

The Black Male: Critical Counseling, Developmental, and Therapeutic Issues. Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews counseling issues involving Black males, including the need for relevant counseling theories, ethnicity and identity, adolescent and adult development, interpersonal relationships, counselor client relationships, cultural influences, and issues in psychotherapy with urban Black male adolescents. (JAC)

June, Lee N., Ed.; Gunnings, Thomas S., Ed.

1985-01-01

244

Critical Thinking and Business Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that business communication uses the same forms (causal analysis, classification, etc.) as other forms of composition, and that the act of communicating in the social context of a business culture implies an ethical basis. Argues that ethics and moral development are part of a students' cognitive development and an inevitable part of…

Mahin, Linda

1998-01-01

245

Ethics in an Online Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The blending of technology and education introduces ethical issues for colleges. In particular, those involved with online education may encounter unique dilemmas that have collegewide implications. In order for ethical decisions to be made in regard to online education, colleges must cultivate a culture of trust, define clearly the correct and…

Mitchell, Regina L. Garza

2009-01-01

246

Ethical issues in online education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching at a distance raises ethical issues particular to the distance context. When distance teaching is also online teaching, the situation is even more complex. Online teaching environments amplify the ethical issues faced by instructors and students. Online sites support complex discourses and multiple relationships; they cross physical, cultural and linguistic boundaries. Data of various kinds are automatically recorded in

Bill Anderson; Mary Simpson

2007-01-01

247

1 week 6 1/2 weeks 6 1/2 weeks 7 weeks 7 weeks Statistics (2) Financial Management (2) Operations Management (2) Global Capitalism, Culture & Ethics (2)  

E-print Network

Management (2) Global Capitalism, Culture & Ethics (2) Managing People and Organizations (2) Economics (2) Information Technology for Management (2) Elective (2) Non-Accounting Elective (3) 14 weeks Financial Statement Analysis (3) Accounting Elective (3) Non-Accounting Elective (3) Non-Accounting Elective (3) 14

Huang, Jianyu

248

Assessing the Application of HIV and AIDS Related Education and Counselling on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews Internet technological capabilities for counseling and assesses the application of HIV/AIDS related counseling on the Internet. Interviews with health professionals reveal four major themes: counselor client relationship, target population, ethics, and operation. Major concerns include the lack of visual and verbal cues during interaction,…

DeGuzman, Michael A.; Ross, Michael W.

1999-01-01

249

Race and Ethnicity: An 11-Year Content Analysis of "Counseling and Values"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Dimensions of Personal Identity Model proposed by Arredondo and Glauner (as cited in Arredondo et al., 1996), the authors reviewed the last 11 years of the Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling's journal, "Counseling and Values", specifically regarding the "A" dimensions of race and ethnicity. Twenty-five…

Baker, Caroline A.; Bowen, Nikol V.; Butler, J. Yasmine; Shavers, Marjorie C.

2013-01-01

250

Genetic Cancer Risk Assessment and Counseling: Recommendations of the National Society of Genetic Counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

These cancer genetic counseling recommendations describe the medical, psychosocial, and ethical ramifications of identifying at-risk individuals through cancer risk assessment with or without genetic testing. They were developed by members of the Practice Issues Subcommittee of the National Society of Genetic Counselors Cancer Genetic Counseling Special Interest Group. The information contained in this document is derived from extensivereview of the

Angela Trepanier; Mary Ahrens; Wendy McKinnon; June Peters; Jill Stopfer; SherryCampbell Grumet; Susan Manley; Julie O. Culver; Ronald Acton; Joy Larsen-Haidle; LoriAnn Correia; Robin Bennett; Barbara Pettersen; TerriDiamond Ferlita; JosephineWagner Costalas; Katherine Hunt; Susan Donlon; Cecile Skrzynia; Carolyn Farrell; Faith Callif-Daley; CatherineWalsh Vockley

2004-01-01

251

Counselling the Adult Learner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the characteristics of adult learners, their needs and problems, the ways in which counseling can assist them, and the counseling skills that can encourage the growth and development of the adult learner. (Author/BL)

Banmen, John

1986-01-01

252

Ethical Considerations for the Use of Family Therapy in Substance Abuse Treatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the unique ethical considerations for the provision of family therapy as substance abuse treatment. Use of family therapy as substance abuse treatment has grown rapidly, but the ethical codes that guide clinical practice have not kept pace. Ethical pitfalls specific to family counseling within alcohol and drug treatment…

Whittinghill, David

2002-01-01

253

Ethical Guidelines for Counselors when Working with Clients with Terminal Illness Requesting Physician Aid in Dying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the American Counseling Association (ACA) introduced a new ethical standard for counselors working with clients with terminal illness who are considering hastened death options. The authors' purpose is to inform counselors of the Death With Dignity Act and explore relevant ethical guidelines in the "ACA Code of Ethics" (ACA, 2005).

Kurt, Layla J.; Piazza, Nick J.

2012-01-01

254

Journalism Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journalism ethics, the norms of responsible journalism, can be traced back to the beginning of modern journalism in Europe during the seventeenth century. This chapter provides an overview of contemporary journalism ethics by following its evolution, by reviewing and critiquing major approaches, and by suggesting future work. The chapter begins with a view of ethics as practi- cal normative activity

Stephen J. A. Ward

2008-01-01

255

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

Berdichevsky, Victor

256

Positive: HIV Affirmative Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the end of the 1980s, counselors largely lacked an integrated approach to counseling people living with HIV disease. This book describes the experience of counseling this group of persons. The major premise here is that counselors who counsel HIV-positive clients must come to understand and affirm their clients' experiences. The text defines a…

Kain, Craig D.

257

counselling health promotion  

E-print Network

health and counselling services health promotion 10 Ways to get active Most people find that huff and puff stuff a few times a week and make it last for 15 minutes or more each time. students.sfu.ca/health counselling health promotion physiotherapy health clinic #12;health and counselling services health promotion

258

Counseling with Deaf People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book presents information on effective counseling with deaf people by discussing issues that confront counselors and administrators involved in providing counseling services to deaf people. A basic assumption of the book is that deaf people of all ages have been frequently denied counseling services due to communication problems between…

Sussman, Allen E., Ed.; Stewart, Larry G., Ed.

259

The Ethics of Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for a self-audit of the academic profession's ethics and peer culture, including clarifying the responsibilities of the profession and articulating the first principles of peer review. (EV)

Hamilton, Neil W.

2003-01-01

260

Challenges and transformations: Counselling in a multicultural context  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last two decades counselling in a multicultural context has been on the increase with more and more training programmes now including issues of race, culture and ethnicity. This has led to numerous approaches, for example transcultural, inter-cultural, cross-cultural, multicultural, Afro-centric, anti-racist and black feminist, which define counselling with minority groups. Although many of these approaches have a sound

Roy Moodley

1999-01-01

261

An African ethic for nursing?  

PubMed

This article derives from a doctoral thesis in which a particular discourse was used as a 'paradigm case'. From this discourse an ethic set within a South African culture arose. Using many cultural 'voices' to aid the understanding of this narrative, the ethic shows that one can build on both a 'justice' and a 'care' ethic. With further development based on African culture one can take the ethic of care deeper and reveal 'layers of understanding'. Care, together with compassion, forms the foundation of morality. Nursing ethics has followed particular western moral philosophers. Often nursing ethics has been taught along the lines of Kohlberg's theory of morality, with its emphasis on rules, rights, duties and general obligations. These principles were universalistic, masculine and noncontextual. However, there is a new ethical movement among Thomist philosophers along the lines to be expounded in this article. Nurses such as Benner, Bevis, Dunlop, Fry and Gadow--to name but a few--have welcomed the concept of an 'ethic of care'. Gilligan's work gave a feminist view and situated ethics in the everyday aspects of responsiveness, responsibility, context and concern. Shutte's search for a 'philosophy for Africa' has resulted in finding similarities in Setiloane and in Senghor with those of Thomist philosophers. Using this African philosophy and a research participant's narrative, an African ethic evolves out of the African proverb: 'A person is a person through other persons', or its alternative rendering: 'I am because we are: we are because I am.' This hermeneutic narrative reveals 'the way affect imbues activity with ethical meaning' within the context of a black nursing sister in a rural South African hospital. It expands upon the above proverb and incorporates the South African constitutional idea of 'Ubuntu' (compassion and justice or humanness). PMID:11221391

Haegert, S

2000-11-01

262

Facing Ethical Dilemmas in the Workplace: A Qualitative Study of HR Managers' Perceptions of the Influences on Their Behavior and the Implications for Building an Ethical Culture in Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the perceptions of human resource managers who had faced ethical dilemmas in the workplace, to gain an understanding of how they felt their life experiences shaped their values in making ethical decisions. The experiences of ten human resource managers who believed they chose a right course of action when faced with…

LaMontagne, Ramona Marie

2012-01-01

263

Ethnography in Counseling Psychology Research: Possibilities for Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emphasis placed on prolonged engagement, fieldwork, and participant observation has prevented wide-scale use of ethnography in counseling psychology. This article provides a discussion of ethnography in terms of definition, process, and potential ethical dilemmas. The authors propose that ethnographically informed methods can enhance…

Suzuki, Lisa A.; Ahluwalia, Muninder K.; Mattis, Jacqueline S.; Quizon, Cherubim A.

2005-01-01

264

Influence of Familial Spirituality: Implications for School Counseling Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article (a) addresses the importance of familial spirituality on students' holistic development; (b) explores professional ethical codes, standards, and counseling competencies relating to students' familial spirituality; (c) introduces educational activities to assist school counselors in increasing their understanding and appreciation of…

Davis, Keith M.; Lambie, Glenn W.; Ieva, Kara P.

2011-01-01

265

A Journey Worth Traveling: Globalization of Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although it is an established psychological specialty in the United States, counseling psychology is still a culturally encapsulated discipline confined to its national borders. Internationalizing the discipline will require colleagues in the United States to examine their attitudes, abandon their sense of self-sufficiency, and engage counseling

Leung, S. Alvin

2003-01-01

266

Counseling and Psychoanalysis: Advancing the Value of Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguably, the defining feature of the counseling profession is an appreciation for human diversity. Early counseling movements emphasized individual diversity, while multiculturalism and social justice highlighted cultural diversity. The author maintains that contemporary psychoanalytic thought can supply a needed intraindividual diversity…

Hansen, James T.

2010-01-01

267

[Between nihilism and fanaticism: the ethics of prevention].  

PubMed

Opinions diverge on the ethics of preventive medicine. A balance needs to be struck between nihilism (doing nothing) and fanaticism (doing too much). The authors consider the ethical aspects of preventive medicine from the practising physician's viewpoint. Various aspects can be identified: SCIENTIFIC AND METHODOLOGICAL: Like any medical act, preventive practice relies on good scientific data. The epidemiologic studies should be clinically relevant and their recommendations must be interpreted critically before being incorporated into clinical practice. It should not be forgotten that we are dealing with patients and their behaviour. Tactful dialogue and personalized intervention are essential. DEONTOLOGICAL: Modern medicine is oriented toward health maintenance and promotion, thus including prevention. Although the community has drawn obvious benefits from preventive practices such as the use of vaccines, prevention must not be allowed to become a medical tyranny. Respect for the individual should remain its central concern. ETHICAL: The "meaning of life" must not be forgotten. Factors such as quality of life should always be kept in mind in measuring the benefits of prevention. By providing objective information and tailored counselling, the aim of prevention is to encourage expression of the individual's own responsibility for her/his own health. FINANCIAL: Preventive medicine is not covered by health insurance schemes. Cost-benefit analysis should consider not only the economic aspects of prevention but also its positive impacts on the entire social field. SOCIAL AND CULTURAL: The findings of epidemiologic studies must be adapted to precise socio-cultural environments. In our culture, for example, caregivers should be the first to practise what they preach. It must also be remembered that at the present time the basic preventive measures are still not accessible to everyone. PMID:2270441

Fabre, J; Allaz, A F

1990-12-15

268

Multiculturalism and the Problems of Ethical Relativism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the increasing activity among scholars and teachers to develop multicultural textbooks and curriculum materials. Recommends that teachers encourage students to be cultural relativists on all cultural issues except ethical ones. (Author/DB)

Kehoe, John

1977-01-01

269

Ethical intercultural technical communication: Looking through the lens of Confucian ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of intercultural communication focus little on the ethical principles that inspire specific communication practices. The ethics of Confucius (including the virtues of goodness, righteousness, wisdom, faithfulness, reverence, and courage), however, genuinely illuminate communication behaviors within China. Analysis of a cultural artifact of technical communication reveals the substantial insight offered by the lens of ethics. A comprehensive understanding of differences

Sam Dragga

1999-01-01

270

Cultural and Ethical Considerations When Working With Military Personnel and Veterans: A Primer for VA Training Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing number of predoctoral psychology interns are completing their internship within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system. Individuals receiving mental health services in the VA constitute a distinct subculture with unique experiences reflected in their beliefs, norms, and language. Thus, interns need to increase their level of knowledge of military culture to effectively provide service to

Thad Q. Strom; Margaret E. Gavian; Elizabeth Possis; Jennifer Loughlin; Thao Bui; Eftihia Linardatos; Jennie Leskela; Wayne Siegel

2012-01-01

271

Relationships of Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Cultural Values, Ethical and Cognitive Developmental Levels, and Views of Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored relationships between preservice early childhood teachers' views of nature of science (NOS), cognitive developmental levels, and their cultural values. Using the Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire (VNOS-B) and interviews, we assessed views of NOS. The Learning Context Questionnaire (LCQ) was used to determine the…

Akerson, Valarie L.; Buzzelli, Cary A.

2007-01-01

272

Individualism and Collectivism: What Do They Have to Do with Counseling?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author defines individualism and collectivism before examining how they are integral parts of the counseling process for clients and counselors. Although individualism has been assumed to be the norm for the counseling culture in the United States, recent work notes the influence of collectivism on professionals and clients in the counseling

McCarthy, John

2005-01-01

273

The Development of the Counseling Profession in Japan: Past, Present, and Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors provide a sociohistorical overview of the development of the counseling profession in Japan. They describe Japan's major social, cultural, and political changes; growing psychological problems in Japanese society; and an increased need for counseling services. Historical overviews and the current state of counseling are presented with…

Grabosky, Tomoko Kudo; Ishii, Harue; Mase, Shizuno

2012-01-01

274

What is Counselling Psychology? Counselling psychology focuses on the emotional,  

E-print Network

What is Counselling Psychology? Counselling psychology focuses on the emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental, and organizational concerns as they promote personal settings in which counselling psychologists practice include community mental health centres, business

Dukas, Reuven

275

Therapy and Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... from the following areas among others: psychiatry, clinical psychology, mental health counseling, clinical social work, marriage and family ... Cognitive Therapy for Depression by SJ Rupke, M.D., ...

276

The ethics of neuroenhancement.  

PubMed

In the wake of our improving abilities to treat or modulate the impaired nervous system, we are also learning how we might improve the abilities of the healthy nervous system. We can modulate our motor, cognitive, and affective systems in ways that potentially enhance us. Pharmacologic enhancements are used widely in some circles and their use is likely to increase. Newer noninvasive stimulation techniques also have the potential to be used as enhancements. Neuroenhancements raise deep ethical concerns about safety, compromised character, distributive justice, and coercion. The ethical concerns apply to adults in general, but also in unique ways to children who are not completely autonomous and to soldiers who choose to relinquish some of their autonomy. There are no easy solutions to these ethical concerns. Prohibition of enhancements is not a viable option. Lay and professional discussions will help establish cultural norms and guide clinical practice as well as public policy. PMID:24182389

Chatterjee, Anjan

2013-01-01

277

"Ethics Shock."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four books focusing on ethical issues in collegiate sports are reviewed: "Paterno by the Book,""Personal Fouls,""Never Too Young to Die: The Death of Len Bias," and "Rules of the Game: Ethics in College Sport." The themes of academic standards, student responsibility, the coach's role and responsibilities, the need for reform in college athletics…

Knefelkamp, L. Lee

1990-01-01

278

Egocentric Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical judgments are often egocentrically biased, such that moral reasoners tend to conclude that self-interested outcomes are not only desirable but morally justifiable. Although such egocentric ethics can arise from deliberate self-interested reasoning, we suggest that they may also arise through unconscious and automatic psychological mechanisms. People automatically interpret their perceptions egocentrically, automatically evaluate stimuli on a semantic differential as

Nicholas Epley; Eugene M. Caruso

2004-01-01

279

Islamic medical ethics: a primer.  

PubMed

Modern medical practice is becoming increasingly pluralistic and diverse. Hence, cultural competency and awareness are given more focus in physician training seminars and within medical school curricula. A renewed interest in describing the varied ethical constructs of specific populations has taken place within medical literature. This paper aims to provide an overview of Islamic Medical Ethics. Beginning with a definition of Islamic Medical Ethics, the reader will be introduced to the scope of Islamic Medical Ethics literature, from that aimed at developing moral character to writings grounded in Islamic law. In the latter form, there is an attempt to derive an Islamic perspective on bioethical issues such as abortion, gender relations within the patient-doctor relationship, end-of-life care and euthanasia. It is hoped that the insights gained will aid both clinicians and ethicists to better understand the Islamic paradigm of medical ethics and thereby positively affect patient care. PMID:17845488

Padela, Aasim I

2007-03-01

280

A Viconian Interpretation of Psychological Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theorizes that the evolution of psychological counseling (from psychoanalysis to trait-and-factor counselng to behavior modification) follows a cyclical pattern based on the repetitive cycles of Western culture, in which faith, logic and power succeed each other as the dominant structuring principles. (WAS)

Hershenson, David B.

1983-01-01

281

Exploring power in multicultural counselling encounters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power is a central dynamic in multicultural encounters. Yet many people, especially counsellors, are reluctant to discuss their experiences with power and what it means to them. As a result, power remains an often unspoken, disturbing issue in multicultural counselling and counsellor education. This article addresses this silence by: a) clarifying the relationship between power and cultural racism; b) discussing

Marylou Ramsey

1996-01-01

282

Discourse Analysis in Career Counseling and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discourse analysis can be used to understand and interpret culturally and socially produced meanings regarding work and to outline how specific rules and conventions can configure meaning production of work in context. The implications of some core concepts in discourse analysis pertinent to career counseling are explored, including discourse,…

Stead, Graham B.; Bakker, Terri M.

2010-01-01

283

Managing wildlife ethics issues ethically  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wildlifers seldom write about ethics, yet ethical issues are among the most intractable of wildlife management issues. Society's value orientations about wildlife have been changing slowly over the last several decades. An increasingly urbanized and educated population no longer unequivocally supports wildlife management programs that tend to regard wildlife as utilitarian objects. State wildlife agencies and their employees have been

R. Bruce Gill

2000-01-01

284

Counseling Graduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how the understanding of graduate students' special needs and circumstances enhances counseling of this population. Looks at stress factors, educational preparation, delayed gratification, achieving autonomy, intellectual development, and the counseling process. Emphasizes the importance of establishing trust in the therapeutic dialog so…

Caple, Richard B.

1995-01-01

285

Internship in counseling psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed the current status of internships in counseling psychology through a questionnaire distributed to 583 organizations in 4 categories: (a) university and college counseling centers, (b) veterans administration hospitals and regional centers, (c) rehabilitation centers, and (d) jewish vocational services. The questionnaire covered all aspects of internship experience including sponsorship, format, content, facilities, qualifications of those responsible, future plans, and

Barbara A. Kirk; Arnold H. Chin

1971-01-01

286

Improving the Counseling Relationship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a method which links counseling theory and techniques to current eclectic practices in counseling and psychotherapy, to stimulate thinking about ways to improve the counselor-client relationship. Proposes guidelines that enable counselors to intentionally integrate theory and techniques with each client's behavior. (LLL)

Hutchins, David E.

1984-01-01

287

Genetic Counseling Program Information  

E-print Network

Genetic Counseling Program Information for Potential Applicants #12;Page 2 of 12 8.24.11 Program Overview "Genetic counseling is the process of helping people understand and adapt to the medical, psychological, and familial implications of genetic contributions to disease. The process integrates

Finley Jr., Russell L.

288

Counseling Psychologist or Heffelump?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to Holloway and Roehlke's article on training counseling psychologists. Identifies two critical issues: (1) the importance of professional identity and identification with the specialty of counseling psychology and (2) a means of communicating the specialty's similarities to and differences from other psychological specialties. (ABB)

Drum, David J.

1987-01-01

289

HEALTH & COUNSELLING Health Clinic  

E-print Network

HEALTH & COUNSELLING SERVICES Health Clinic 778.783.4615 - Burnaby 778.782.5200 - Vancouver_counsellor@sfu.ca Health Promotion 778.782.4674 Health & Counselling Services, SFU - 8888 University Drive, MBC 0164 health can suffer if you're under stress for a long time, especially if you are not eating well. You may

290

Special Issue: Leisure Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special issue includes (1) "Introduction" (Burlew); (2) "Leisure Counseling (LC): A Call to Order" (Emerson); (3) "Integrating Leisure into Adult Career Counseling Process" (Pearson); (4) "Developmental Approach to LC Theory" (McDaniels); (5) "LC for the Elderly" (Clark); (6) "LC with AIDS Clients" (Burlew); and (7) "The Leisure Sphere: Context…

Burlew, Larry D., Ed.; And Others

1992-01-01

291

Counseling in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling in Ireland has experienced rapid growth in the past 30 years. Public attitudes toward counseling have become more positive, especially with the increasing secularization of a once strongly religious Catholic society. Licensure is nonexistent but there are certification bodies that attempt to ensure qualified practice. There is no…

O'Morain, Padraig; McAuliffe, Garrett J.; Conroy, Kayte; Johnson, Jennifer M.; Michel, Rebecca E.

2012-01-01

292

Counseling Mentally Retarded Couples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an experimental group model developed for counseling mentally retarded couples. The selection of the group counseling format is explained, group composition and eligibility requirements are described, and initial assessment of individuals and couples is presented. Preliminary sessions, geared toward orienting the couple to the…

Spragg, Paul A.; Miller, Cheryl

293

Ethical Issues in Cardiac Surgery  

PubMed Central

While ethical behavior has always been part of cardiac surgical practice, ethical deliberation has only recently become an important component of cardiac surgical practice. Issues such as informed consent, conflict of interest, and professional self-regulation, among many others, have increasingly attracted the attention of cardiac surgeons. This review covers several broad topics of interest to cardiac surgeons and cardiologists, and treats several other topics more briefly. There is much uncertainty about what the future holds for cardiac surgical practice, research, and culture, and we discuss the background of ethical issues to serve as a platform for envisioning what is to come. PMID:22642634

Kavarana, Minoo N.; Sade, Robert M.

2012-01-01

294

Retention through Counseling: Counseling the ABE Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These materials are intended to help adult basic education (ABE) instructors in their role as counselors. Most are suitable for use in a workshop for ABE instructors. An introduction describes the ABE Retention through Counseling Program and highlights the skills an ABE instructor needs to work with adult learners. Chapter 1 provides pointers for…

Arruza, Andrew; Daniel, Marcia

295

Ethical leadership.  

PubMed

In today's climate and environment, the conventional relationship between caring, economic, and administrative practices no longer serves the interest of patients, clinicians, or systems. A shift toward human caring values and an ethic of authentic healing relationships is required as systems now have to value human resources and life purposes, inner meaning, and processes for providers and patients alike. The costs of unethical behavior can be even greater for followers. When we assume the benefits of leadership, we also assume ethical burdens. It is the assertion and experience of the author that the triangle of ethics and ethical behavior, followers, and patient's outcomes are closely interrelated and affect each other in a very intimate and direct way. Unethical leadership may lead to follower disappointment and distrust, leading to lack of interest and commitment, consequently negatively impacting patient outcomes and organizational effectiveness. PMID:22864295

Keselman, David

2012-01-01

296

Responding to Messages of Adolescents on the Internet: Theoretical, Practical, and Ethical Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the policy and guidelines, which evolved over the last four years, for answering questions and giving counsel on an Internet site dedicated to sexuality and intimate relations of adolescents. The theoretical framework employed is that of non-directive counseling. Some ethical, legal, and practical issues are discussed. The…

Shtarkshall, Ronny

2006-01-01

297

The Relationships among School Counselors' Multicultural Competence, Demographic Data and Ethical Decision-Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships, if any, among school counselors' multicultural competence, demographic data and ethical decision-making ability. The participants (N=160) for this study were members of the American Counseling Association (ACA) who designated their area of practice as school counseling. Participant's…

Strong, Laura A.

2010-01-01

298

Ethical Issues and Considerations for Working with Community College Students with Severe and Persistent Mental Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students with severe and persistent mental illnesses (e.g., schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders; moderate to severe mood, anxiety, dissociative, eating, or personality disorders) are attending community colleges in increasing numbers. Their need for counseling services presents counseling centers with unique ethical issues to consider. This article presents those issues and discusses possible actions that counselors can take to protect the

Perry C. Francis; Amir Abbassi

2010-01-01

299

Internship Handbook For School Counseling  

E-print Network

Internship Handbook For School Counseling Internship in School Counseling COUN 668 Graduate Counseling Program Old Dominion University January 2014 #12;School Counseling Internship Handbook January FOR INTERNSHIP page 3 IV. SCHOOL INTERNSHIP SITE page 5 V. GOALS AND OBJECTIVES page 6 VI. REQUIREMENTS page 6 a

300

Genetic counselling in tribals in India  

PubMed Central

Genetic counselling in tribals unlike general population residing in cities and near villages is a difficult task due of their lower literacy and poor socio-economic status. However, sustained effort is essential with a close interaction in the local language, certain misbeliefs need to be removed gradually taking into account their socio-cultural background. The present communication deals with our experience in counselling for haemoglobinopathies during Neonatal Screening Programme undertaken for sickle cell disease in Kalahandi district of Orissa and Community Screening Programmes in primitive tribes of India in four States viz. Orissa, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Counselling during neonatal screening programme was very well accepted demonstrating the benefit to the small babies as regards the morbidity. Premarital marriage counselling was also accepted by them. The success rate as followed up for 5 years is almost 50 per cent, the limitation being long follow up. Genetic counselling in these areas has to be continuous to achieve success and therefore the need for setting up of permanent centres in the tribal areas in India. PMID:22089621

Mohanty, Dipika; Das, Kishalaya

2011-01-01

301

Ethical and Psychosocial Impact of Female Infertility  

PubMed Central

This manuscript reviews research from the past year on the ethical and psychosocial impact of infertility on women and men. We discuss several issues surrounding ovarian stimulation, particularly high-order multiple births, egg banking (especially for research purposes), and diminished ovarian reserve. We also present recent work on distress and counseling, which includes greater attention to subgroups of infertile women. More research on issues confronting men has emerged recently, and we outline these with regard to their relationships with infertile women, or as the infertility patient. Last, we outline some ethical issues posed by newer procedures of fertility preservation and uterine transplant. PMID:23336092

Leyser-Whalen, Ophra; Temple, Jeff R.

2012-01-01

302

Counseling the Coronary Patient  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses counseling sessions designed to a) help the coronary patient adjust to cardiovascular disease, b) diminish patient anxieties and fears, and c) educate the patient and family members on controlling risk factors to deter another coronary attack. (JS)

Semmler, Caryl; Semmler, Maynard

1974-01-01

303

Evaluating Counseling Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines the range of interventions considered under the rubric of counseling for the elderly. Uses evaluation of treatments for depression among the elderly to exemplify the current state of outcome-evaluation research. (Author)

Smyer, Michael A.; Intrieri, Robert C.

1990-01-01

304

Non-Medical Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... Medical Counseling for Service Members and Their Families Military Life After Deployment: Reintegration Before Deployment During Deployment ... WEBINAR All Webinars Dec. 10, 2014 Medicaid and Military Families: An Introduction Learn more and register for ...

305

Throwaway ethic in America  

SciTech Connect

The throwaway ethic is the belief that it is desirable to use and discard products rapidly, rather than maintain and reuse them for a long period of time. The purpose of this dissertation is to show how and why the throwaway ethic evolved in America, and to describe its place in the structure of American society. The approach used is that of material culture: the study of a society's attitudes through its artifacts. The three artifact groups chosen are watches, paper products, and bottles, representing durable products, nondurable products, and packaging, the three broad categories of consumer products. Changing patterns in the use and disposal of these artifacts, from the eighteenth century to the present, are described in depth. We find that throwaway products and habits appear in the late nineteenth century. The throwaway ethic as a recognized and articulated principle of conduct emerges after World War II. The final conclusion is that the throwaway ethic is a result both of mass production, which alters the monetary value of products, and affluence, which alters the social values of leisure and thrift, and as such is intimately related to the economic foundations of industrial society.

Busch, J.C.

1983-01-01

306

Stigmatization, Culture and Counseling A Commentary on Growing Up and Living with NF1: a UK–Bangladeshi Case Study—by Santi Rozario  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rozario’s presentation of the cultural manifestations of stigma experienced by a British Bangladeshi woman with Neurofibromatosis\\u000a 1 (NF1) is unusual in its detail of one woman’s account of others’ interactions with her and the impact on her life. It raises\\u000a issues that are readily recognisable to genetic counselors and are familiar themes in the literature on the psychology of\\u000a appearance.

Clara L. Gaff; Angus Clarke

2007-01-01

307

Chemistry: Ethics for Sustainability Schloss Thurnau  

E-print Network

of formation 10:30 Francesco Dondi (University of Ferrara) Ethics in chemical education: Towards the culture of responsibility 11:15 Coffee Break 11:45 Jan Mehlich (University of Münster) Social and ethical implications interaction 15:30 Coffee Break 16:00 Adhoc contributions, group dialogue, open space, short discussions 18

Ullmann, G. Matthias

308

A Content Analysis of Multicultural Counseling Syllabi from Rehabilitation Counseling Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A content analysis of multicultural counseling syllabi from the Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE) accredited programs was conducted. Using CORE accreditation standards that apply to Social and Cultural Diversity knowledge and outcome areas (Section C.2) and Middleton et al. (2000) proposed multicultural competencies and standards for…

Stebnicki, Mark; Cubero, Chris

2008-01-01

309

GIS and Ethics Undergraduate  

E-print Network

GIS and Ethics in the Undergraduate Classroom GIS and Ethics in the Undergraduate Classroom Sunday, April 18, 2010 #12;GIS and Ethics in the Undergraduate Classroom Presentation Overview · Encroachment of Ethics into Classroom · Relationship of GIS and Ethics · Student Perceptions of Ethics 2

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

310

Business Ethics in China: A Human Resource Management Issue?  

Microsoft Academic Search

China is widely perceived as having a problem in business ethics. One view holds that elements of Chinese culture tend to encourage unethical business decisions. Another perspective says that China has business ethics issues because its economy is in transition. The unclear rules of the game create opportunity for business ethics problems. The large amount of new wealth creates incentive

John Hulpke; Cubie Lau

2008-01-01

311

Intervening in evolution: Ethics and actions Paul R. Ehrlich*  

E-print Network

to be almost entirely a product of cultural evolution. Our dilemma of whether or how to change ethical systemsColloquium Intervening in evolution: Ethics and actions Paul R. Ehrlich* Department of Biological evolution in which society determines how much effort, if any, is ethically required to preserve options

Ehrlich, Paul R.

312

Ideas on the Margins: Professional Counseling and Ideological Insularity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efforts to professionalize counseling practice have yielded extraordinary benefits to counselors. However, professionalization\\u000a has also caused counselors to adopt strict definitions of their education, practices, and ethics. In order to combat the ideological\\u000a insularity brought on by professionalization, several marginalized ideas are considered. The implications of these ideas and\\u000a ways to overcome ideological insularity are discussed.

James Hansen

2010-01-01

313

Lethal sex: conditions of disclosure in counseling sexually active clients with HIV.  

PubMed

Confidentiality in psychological counseling is necessary if clients are to feel comfortable in revealing their darkest secrets. But this bond of trust has its moral limits. These limits are crossed in some cases in which HIV positive clients are sexually active with unsuspecting third parties. Distinguishing between Type 1 and Type 2 cases, the author shows how he has used applied ethics in drafting and defending a model rule for the American Counseling Association's Code of Ethics that permits, and sometimes morally requires disclosure in the former cases, but not in the latter. PMID:15462041

Cohen, Elliot D

2003-01-01

314

49 CFR 25.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-10-01

315

28 CFR 54.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-07-01

316

24 CFR 3.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-04-01

317

10 CFR 1042.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-01-01

318

44 CFR 19.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-10-01

319

36 CFR 1211.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-07-01

320

38 CFR 23.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-07-01

321

45 CFR 618.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-10-01

322

18 CFR 1317.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-04-01

323

31 CFR 28.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-07-01

324

13 CFR 113.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-01-01

325

6 CFR 17.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-01-01

326

7 CFR 15a.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-01-01

327

36 CFR 1211.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials...admission. (b) Use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-07-01

328

Medical Ethics  

MedlinePLUS

... donate an organ to a sick relative? Your personal health information: who has access to your records? Patient rights: Do you have the right to refuse treatment? When you talk with your doctor, is it ethical for her to withhold information from you or your family?

329

THE ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITY OF THE THERAPIST IN MULTICULTURAL COUNSELING  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a therapist, the therapeutic alliance formed in the relationship building phase of counseling is of critical importance in setting the stage for the future success and outcomes of treatment. When working with an ethnic minority population, it is imperative that the therapist take into consideration aspects of the client's culture, such as language and socio cultural norms. At times

Jill Leppanen Lerner

330

Incorporating global components into ethics education.  

PubMed

Ethics is central to science and engineering. Young engineers need to be grounded in how corporate social responsibility principles can be applied to engineering organizations to better serve the broader community. This is crucial in times of climate change and ecological challenges where the vulnerable can be impacted by engineering activities. Taking a global perspective in ethics education will help ensure that scientists and engineers can make a more substantial contribution to development throughout the world. This paper presents the importance of incorporating the global and cross culture components in the ethic education. The authors bring up a question to educators on ethics education in science and engineering in the globalized world, and its importance, necessity, and impendency. The paper presents several methods for discussion that can be used to identify the differences in ethics standards and practices in different countries; enhance the student's knowledge of ethics in a global arena. PMID:21769592

Wang, George; Thompson, Russell G

2013-03-01

331

COUN 668: Internship in School Counseling MSEd Counseling,  

E-print Network

INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK COUN 668: Internship in School Counseling MSEd Counseling, Old Dominion COUNSELING INTERNSHIP I. INTRODUCTION The supervised internship experience will enable students to practice The prerequisites for Internship are as follows: COUN 601, 633, 634, 642 or 644, 645, 648, 650, and 669. In addition

332

Attitudes toward Counseling and Counseling Willingness of Air Force Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempts to measure the attitudes of Air Force personnel toward counseling, the willingness of Air Force personnel to seek counseling for personal problems, and the relationships which exist between selected variables and attitude-counseling willingness. The variables examined were technical versus non-technical occupations, length of…

Beeson, Gilbert W., Jr.

333

The Ghosts of Counseling Psychology: Is Counseling Research Really Dead?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scheel et al. offer an interesting analysis on the publication rate of counseling-related research articles in counseling psychology's two major journals. In this reaction to their work, the author considers various aspects of their results and contemplates possible explanations for the decline of counseling-related publications. The author…

Murdock, Nancy L.

2011-01-01

334

"Green" Counseling: Integrating Reused Household Materials into Creative Counseling Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of reused or recycled materials in counseling interventions provides counselors with an opportunity to use unique counseling mediums while simultaneously being socially and fiscally responsible. In this article, ways that reused or recycled items can be used in counseling are discussed. Practical suggestions for using reused or recycled…

Adamson, Nicole A.; Kress, Victoria E.

2011-01-01

335

Ethical Responsibilities in Training Marriage and Family Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate programs in marriage and family counseling must adhere to ethical codes and standards for training students. A question arises concerning the amount of specialized training that should be included within the larger counselor education discipline. This article addresses the standards for training and competence as set forth by the Council…

Levitt, Dana Heller

2004-01-01

336

Spirituality: Implications for Professional School Counselors' Ethical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The separation between church and state (e.g., public education) is contentious. Furthermore, schools and many professional school counselors (PSCs) may choose to disregard and/or discount spirituality. This article (a) presents the importance of spirituality in counseling, (b) explores legal statutes and ethical standards relating to spirituality…

Lambie, Glenn W.; Davis, Keith M.; Miller, Geri

2008-01-01

337

Adult Career Counseling Center Seventeenth Annual Report, September 1999-June 2000. Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Systems and Career Counseling Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For 17 years, the Adult Career Counseling Center (ACCC) at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan, has provided computer-assisted career guidance systems and career counseling services to a culturally diverse clientele of more than 11,000 adults living in the local community. The ACCC's goals are as follows: (1) provide career exploration and…

Frick, Brian, Ed.; Naik, Reetu, Ed.; Quinn, Kelly, Ed.; Rancour, Paulette, Ed.

338

Ethical considerations in the management of infertility.  

PubMed

Ethical issues arising in the day-to-day practice of infertility treatment are important and sometimes difficult. A couple's infertility problem usually has affective and social dimensions, sometimes disrupting their lives. Responsible care involves dealing with these psychosocial factors, including counseling and striving for informed patient decision making. The ethical problem of whether to provide treatment when the probability of success is low is sometimes complicated by a couple's desperate desire for fertility. In such cases the physician weighs various factors, including the risks of the procedure, the harm that might result from continuing infertility and the degree of the couple's understanding of the pros and cons. Issues of truth telling are raised by a lack of third-party reimbursement for infertility workup and treatment. Also, questions about when to refer or terminate the workup and therapy involve ethical reflection about potential conflicts of interest. PMID:3806534

Schinfeld, J S; Elkins, T E; Strong, C M

1986-11-01

339

Admission, Ethics, and Financial Aid: Formulating and Applying an Ethical Framework to the Need-Blind Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the history and current status of college admission and develops an approach to resolve ethical problems. Applies this approach to the need-blind versus aid-blind controversy, an admission situation rooted in the counseling versus recruitment dilemma. (MKA)

Roth, Andrew

1998-01-01

340

MODELS OF ETHICAL ACTING THE FAIR TRADE AGRICULTURE AS AN EXAMPLE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND RESPECT OF CULTURES, NATURE AND HUMAN RIGHTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many general aspects of relationships between humankind and nature are worthy of discussion and investigation also on the side of theology. In different papers the perspective opened by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin in respect to Roman Catholic Theology and Environmental ethics was discussed. Confronting with evolution of matter, of life and of humankind Teilhard developed the concept of moving towards:

Stefano Ristori; Lodovico Galleni

341

Middle School Peer Counseling Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a curriculum guide for a Peer Counseling course in the Orange County, Florida Public Schools system. The course, Peer Counseling, is an 18-week elective course for eighth graders which can be repeated as Peer Counseling II during the second semester of the year. The major emphasis of this course is to help students become more…

Orange County Public Schools, Orlando, FL.

342

Group Counseling with Retarded Offenders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a group counseling program that helps retarded inmates develop problem solving skills and learn to use existing resources in their own behalf. An outcome study of 46 inmates indicated combined group and individual counseling was more effective than individual counseling alone. (JAC)

Steiner, Joseph

1984-01-01

343

The Ethic of Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article proposes the concept of an ethic of community to complement and extend other ethical frames used in education e.g. the ethics of justice, critique, and care. Proceeding from the traditional definition of ethics as the study of moral duty and obligation, ethic of community is defined as the moral responsibility to engage in communal…

Furman, Gail C.

2004-01-01

344

Our Ethical Responsibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to diminished public esteem means intensifying efforts to create an ethical college climate. Educators face these ethical challenges: managing institutions ethically; teaching ethics to students, both in class and in dealing with student behavior in an educational setting; and serving as ethical leaders for the wider community. (MSE)

Perlman, Daniel H.

1992-01-01

345

Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve conference papers on cultural aspects of second language instruction include: "Towards True Multiculturalism: Ideas for Teachers" (Brian McVeigh); Comparing Cultures Through Critical Thinking: Development and Interpretations of Meaningful Observations" (Laurel D. Kamada); "Authority and Individualism in Japan and the USA" (Alisa Woodring);…

1997

346

Writing as Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promotes writing as a counseling technique to enhance a child's psychological growth. Notes that writing enhances awareness by helping individuals organize their inner selves, contributing to personal integration and self-validation, and providing a cathartic emotional release. Describes current therapeutic writing practices and a therapeutic…

Brand, Alice G.

1987-01-01

347

Group Counseling: Health Related.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diabetes and sickle cell anemia (SCA) are two health-related characteristics that distinguish young people from their peers. This article outlines the problems of children with diabetes and SCA and presents the goals and format for group counseling of these populations and their parents. (Author/BEF)

McFadden, Johnnie

1979-01-01

348

Prebankruptcy Credit Counseling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 requires that any individual who files for bankruptcy must have received credit counseling within the 180-day perior prior to filing. To meet this mandate, the U.S. Trustee Program (USTP)...

N. Clancy, S. J. Carroll

2007-01-01

349

Multicultural Counseling. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiculturalism has been defined as the fourth force in psychology, one which complements the psychodynamic, behavioral, and humanistic explanations of human behavior. Pederson's (1991) definition of multiculturalism leads to the inclusion of a large number of variables making multiculturalism generic to all counseling relationships. Locke (1990)…

Locke, Don C.

350

The Counseling Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume seeks to answer the basic question "What does a counselor or therapist need to know in order to become a Licensed Professional Counselor?" Containing all the basic information that is taught in the counseling and therapy classes in major universities across the United States, this book places a special emphasis on those courses which…

Austin, Leonard

351

RICE UNIVERSITY COUNSELING RECORD  

E-print Network

Employee Assistance Referral Suspension With Pay; Reassignment of Job Duties Termination of Employment Written Reprimand Employee Assistance Referral Suspension With Pay; Reassignment of Job Duties TerminationRICE UNIVERSITY COUNSELING RECORD Employee Name Date Issued Employee ID # Job Title Work Location

352

Existentialism in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The counselor, in working with students, can make each choice a means through which the person clarifies his purposes and designs his own future. Every commitment of time is a serious undertaking. This, the author sees, is the fundamental message of existentialism for counseling. (Author)

Tyler, Leona E.

1971-01-01

353

UNIVERSITY COUNSELLING SERVICE Perfectionism  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY COUNSELLING SERVICE Perfectionism Perfectionism refers to self-defeating thoughts and behaviours associated with setting high and often unreachable goals. Perfectionism affects people in many to attain high standards. They feel that their perfectionism is what drives them to succeed and without

Feigon, Brooke

354

Counseling in Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The counseling profession in Italy is in an early stage of development. No university preparation programs exist, and counselors are not employed in schools. Counselors maintain private practices, work in agencies, and are employed by the government. Counselors receive their preparation in Italy from professional associations in programs that…

Remley, Theodore P.; Bacchini, Eugenio; Krieg, Paul

2010-01-01

355

Odds in genetic counselling  

PubMed Central

The text that follows is a statement of opinion on the use and meaning of recurrence rates in genetic counselling. It will have served its purpose well if it becomes the starting point of fruitful discussion among counsellors, and if its major points are formally tested. PMID:7154044

Cote, G B

1982-01-01

356

Counseling for Health Empowerment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the relationship between emergent trends in counseling and behavioral medicine. Examines the failure of some behavioral strategies to maintain positive change in terms of social learning theory. Suggests the role of counselors in the treatment of chronic physical disease may have a positive impact on behavioral medicine. (Author)

Stensrud, Robert H.; Stensrud, Kay

1982-01-01

357

Evaluation Software in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors today are presented with a number of differing applications software. This article intends to advance the counselor's knowledge and considerations of the various aspects of application software. Included is a discussion of the software applications typically of help to counselors in (a) managing their work (computer managed counseling);…

Sabella, Russell A.

358

Military Family Counselling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy of family counselling with families of active duty senior non-commissioned officers. It was an application of elements of the Bo-Between Process (Zuk, 1972, 1975) which was based on the finding tha...

J. J. Garrigan

1983-01-01

359

Counseling Skills for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By necessity, today's teachers do much more than deliver instruction. In the classroom, on the playground, or even in the parking lot, teachers are often called upon to respond quickly and appropriately to students' social and emotional needs, drawing from instinct more than anything else. In this second edition of "Counseling Skills for…

Kottler, Jeffrey A.; Kottler, Ellen

2006-01-01

360

Buddhism and Counselling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the relevance of the principles and practices of Buddhism to the field of counseling. As Buddhism espouses the notion of a productive and healthy life, it offers ways of dealing with problems and difficulties, and of improving psychological well-being. Cites examples of relevant Buddhist techniques and their application. (JPS)

de Silva, Padmal

1993-01-01

361

Effect of Pretest Genetic Counseling for Deaf Adults on Knowledge of Genetic Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical data on genetic counseling outcomes in the deaf population are needed to better serve this population. This study\\u000a was an examination of genetics knowledge before and after culturally and linguistically appropriate pre-test genetic counseling\\u000a in a diverse deaf adult sample. Individuals ?18 years old with early-onset sensorineural deafness were offered connexin-26\\/30\\u000a testing and genetic counseling. Participants completed questionnaires containing 10

Erin E. Baldwin; Patrick Boudreault; Michelle Fox; Janet S. Sinsheimer; Christina G. S. Palmer

362

Framework of Ethical Brand Positioning A Case Study of Anchor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses ethical and cross-cultural issues in brand positioning. Five basic elements of brand positioning - Brand Identity, Brand Image, Brand Personality, Brand Awareness, and Brand Communication are identified. These elements of brand positioning and their associated variables are defined and blended with ethical and cross-cultural issues. After generating a statistically significant framework, a predictive model is developed. This

Mahim Sagar; Deepali Singh; D P Agrawal

363

Old Dominion University MSEd and PhD Counseling Program Outcomes Report  

E-print Network

: school counseling, mental health counseling, and college counseling. The following charts denote Mental Health Counseling 5 School Counseling 2 College Counseling 1 Fall 2012 Graduates Concentration Total Mental Health Counseling 18 School Counseling 9 College Counseling 1 Spring 2013 Graduates

364

Preparing our future counselling professionals: Gatekeeping and the implications for research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social science research specific to the identification and prevalence of unsuitable students within counselling, psychology, and social work training programmes is briefly reviewed in this article. This area of enquiry relates to the gatekeeping responsibilities of professional educational programmes, to ensure that their graduates are competent to provide ethical and effective practice to the public. Key issues which impede the

Pamela Brear; Jillian Dorrian; Giuseppa Luscri

2008-01-01

365

Attachment Theory and Religiosity: A Summary of Empirical Research with Implications for Counseling Christian Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors summarize the growing body of empirical research literature in the area of psychology of religion that has been guided by attachment theory and indicate implications for counseling, including practical suggestions for case conceptualization, possible spiritual interventions, and ethical guidelines for practice. Attachment theory…

Reinert, Duane F.; Edwards, Carla E.; Hendrix, Rebecca R.

2009-01-01

366

Preserving Hope in the Duty To Protect: Counselling Clients with HIV or AIDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychologists may struggle with what to do when counseling recalcitrant HIV-positive clients who refuse to disclose to third parties at risk. This paper revisits the legal and ethical quagmire that pits "dangerous patient exception" against client confidentiality rights. A 'duty to maintain hope,' which may ultimately minimize the spread of HIV in…

Wong-Wylie, Gina

2003-01-01

367

Faculty ethics: ideal principles with practical applications.  

PubMed

Ethics in higher education is the subject of intense public attention, with considerable focus on faculty roles and responsibilities. Media reports and scholarly research have documented egregious misconduct that includes plagiarism, falsification of data, illicit teacher-student relationships, and grading bias. These accounts of wrongdoing often portray faculty ethicality as only a legal issue of obeying rules and regulations, especially in the teaching and research roles. My discussion challenges this narrow perspective and argues that characterizations of faculty ethicality should take into account broader expectations for professionalism such as collegiality, respect, and freedom of inquiry. First, I review the general principles of faculty ethics developed by the American Association of University Professors, as well as professional codes of ethics in specific professional fields. Second, I juxtapose the experiences of women and minority faculty members in relation to these general codes of ethics. This section examines three issues that particularly affect women and minority faculty experiences of ethicality: "chilly and alienating" academic climates, "cultural taxation" of minority identity, and the snare of conventional reward systems. Third, I suggest practical strategies to reconcile faculty practice with codes of ethics. My challenge is to the faculty as a community of practice to engage professional ethics as social and political events, not just legal and moral failures. PMID:20054074

Reybold, L Earle

2009-01-01

368

Increasing Multicultural Understanding: A Comprehensive Model. Multiculltural Aspects of Counseling Series 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book sets forth a process for implementing effective education and counseling strategies for culturally diverse populations. In particular, it helps to identify characteristics of cultures, to make comparisons between the dominant culture and culturally different groups, and to develop strategies or interventions for students or clients. Key…

Locke, Don C.

369

Gender Differences in Loneliness and Depression of University Students Seeking Counselling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of 325 students who sought counseling services, males were significantly higher in loneliness than females, while females were significantly higher in depression than males. The greater loneliness of male counseling-seekers than that of females is discussed. These gender differences in depression appear to be consistent across cultures. (54…

Wiseman, Hadas; And Others

1995-01-01

370

Multiple intelligences and the therapeutic alliance: Incorporating multiple intelligence theory and practice into counselling  

Microsoft Academic Search

How many ways do counselling clients reflect and communicate? How many ways can counsellors respond to client needs? Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences (MI) has only recently been applied to the field of counselling. This discussion highlights the contribution MI theory and practice can make to developing the therapeutic alliance, to supporting a culture of client feedback, to enhancing counsellor

Mark Pearson

2011-01-01

371

Feminist Group Counseling with South Asian Women Who Have Survived Intimate Partner Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how to use a feminist approach in group counseling with South Asian women who have survived intimate partner violence (IPV). South Asian culture, including gender-role expectations and attitudes about family violence, is discussed. A case study detailing a feminist counseling group conducted with this population is presented.…

Singh, Anneliese A.; Hays, Danica G.

2008-01-01

372

I Am My Brother's (and Sister's) Keeper: Jewish Values and the Counseling Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rejoinder to M. S. Kiselica's article, which is part of a dialogue in this issue on anti-Semitism in the counseling profession. Author has asserted that there has been a critical mass of anti-Semitic behavior within the counseling profession for more than three decades. Author also argues that while culture may influence behavior, it does not…

Weinrach, Stephen G.

2003-01-01

373

Periviable births: communication and counseling before delivery.  

PubMed

The potential delivery of an extremely premature infant presents a clinical situation that raises a complex combination of medical, social, ethical, religious, and economic issues. It is a unique medical encounter such that it is not all about "curing" the patient. Rather, it is an encounter where counseling is assisting families in deciding between life and death underscoring the stressful nature for both patients and providers. As with any other condition, health care providers are responsible for discussing all potential options and outcomes for families presented with the threat of an extremely premature infant. These decisions include but are not limited to place and mode of delivery, resuscitation decisions, and palliative management. Given the urgency of the situation, the emotionally charged nature of the decision, and the relative unpredictability prior to presentation, this particular situation poses unique challenges for all involved and mandates the need to have carefully constructed guidelines and processes for care and counseling that meet the needs of all involved. PMID:24290401

Srinivas, Sindhu K

2013-12-01

374

Tom Donahue Environmental Ethics ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS  

E-print Network

of environmental justice, which were mentioned above. We then turn to considering whether the environmental crisisTom Donahue Environmental Ethics 1 ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS EPE399/PHIL331/PLSC335 Summer Session: https://sites.google.com/site/tjdonahu/home/environmental-ethics ClassesV2 website with downloadable

375

Env~rormentalEthics EnvironmentalEthics  

E-print Network

of and concern about such things as the noticeable increase in air and water pollution in large cities, rapid.g., water and air pollution). This era of environmental thinking also spawned much of the "doomsday), pp.445-49. #12;Environmental Ethics Aldo Leopold Defines the "Land Ethic" The land ethic simply

Nelson, Michael P.

376

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum placements. These placements allow you to  

E-print Network

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum development in real counselling settings. The general goal of the Counselling Psychology Practica been revised. Please take care in reviewing the new procedures and forms that are now required

Morris, Joy

377

A qualitative examination of ethical and legal considerations regarding dating violence.  

PubMed

Despite the increased attention to dating violence among adolescents and young adults, limited information is available on ethical and legal considerations specific to this population. Therefore, this qualitative study explores 21 trainees' and practitioners' conceptualization of ethical and legal issues pertaining to adolescent dating violence. Data are collected through focus groups included as part of an ethics and legal issues seminar. Six themes are identified to illustrate ethical and legal issues concerning dating violence: knowledge, client welfare, counseling interventions, informed consent and disclosure, barriers, and counselor reactions. PMID:22547575

Sikes, April; Walley, Cynthia; Hays, Danica G

2012-05-01

378

Ethics Primer: Ethics and Bioethics Lessons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ethics Primer provides engaging, interactive, and classroom-friendly lesson ideas for integrating ethical issues into a science classroom. It also provides basic background on ethics as a discipline, with straightforward descriptions of major ethical theories. Several decision-making frameworks are included to help students apply reasoned analysis to ethical issues. Although the Primer is designed for secondary school science classrooms, it has been used by teachers in a variety of classes and grade levels. The Primer is free for download but the author requests information before accessing the file.

2007-01-01

379

Putting Law into Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evolution of ethics in law is followed from the harshness of caveat emptor to the humanistic ethics of the 1970s, including a renewal of formal ethics in the post-Watergate era. The impact on universities and individual disciplines of legalizing ethical conduct is examined cautiously. (JMF)

Lieberman, Jethro K.

1979-01-01

380

Ethics and Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of ethics in special education focuses on four challenges: (1) examination of special education's history within an ethical framework; (2) articulation of character morality as well as choice morality in special education ethical dilemmas; (3) examination of special education in a liberal democracy; and (4) development of an ethical

Paul, James; French, Peter; Cranston-Gingras, Ann

2001-01-01

381

Ethics in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethics is defined as a set of guidelines and/or rules for the conduct of individual behavior in an organization or civil society. This ethical code of conduct is intended to guide policies, practices, and decision-making for employees on behalf of the organization. This article explores the importance of ethics, the basis for making ethical

Medlin, E. Lander

2010-01-01

382

College Counseling and Student Retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although it is commonly believed that college counseling positively affects student retention and further, that there are convincing data and evidence to support such a belief, an extensive literature search found no objective evidence at all on the relationship of a counseling center's conventional one-to-one counseling and therapy activities with short-term student retention. Two program evaluations which attempt to relate

Norman S Giddan; David M Levy; Ronald M Estroff; John C Cline; Erika B Altman; Karen A Isham; Steven J Weiss

1987-01-01

383

Social work in a digital age: ethical and risk management challenges.  

PubMed

Digital, online, and other electronic technology has transformed the nature of social work practice. Contemporary social workers can provide services to clients by using online counseling, telephone counseling, video counseling, cybertherapy (avatar therapy), self-guided Web-based interventions, electronic social networks, e-mail, and text messages. The introduction of diverse digital, online, and other forms of electronic social services has created a wide range of complex ethical and related risk management issues. This article provides an overview of current digital, online, and electronic social work services; identifies compelling ethical issues related to practitioner competence, client privacy and confidentiality, informed consent, conflicts of interest, boundaries and dual relationships, consultation and client referral, termination and interruption of services, documentation, and research evidence; and offers practical risk management strategies designed to protect clients and social workers. The author identifies relevant standards from the NASW Code of Ethics and other resources designed to guide practice. PMID:23724579

Reamer, Frederic G

2013-04-01

384

38 CFR 21.9580 - Counseling.  

...and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Post-9/11 GI Bill Counseling § 21.9580 Counseling. An individual may receive counseling from VA before beginning...

2014-07-01

385

Counseling in Turkey: An Evolving Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a brief history of counseling and addresses the current issues and future trends of counseling in Turkey. Special emphasis is placed on the factors that impede the development of school counseling as a discipline.

Stockton, Rex; Guneri, Oya Yerin

2011-01-01

386

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

387

Counseled vs. Non-Counseled One Year Later.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a followup evaluation of a study on differences between adolescents who seek counseling and those who do not. The primary purpose of this followup study was to determine if the differences found in the original study continue to exist and also to determine if any discernable effects of counseling could be found. Subjects were…

Thompson, Donald L.; Tseng, M. S.

388

Counseling without Truth: Toward a Neopragmatic Foundation for Counseling Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author presents an overview of contemporary developments in philosophy regarding the status of truth and discusses the implications of these ideas for the practice of counseling. Counseling without truth is presented as a desirable option when a neopragmatic frame of reference is adopted.

Hansen, James T.

2007-01-01

389

Intraoperative virtual brain counseling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our objective is to offer online real-tim e intelligent guidance to the neurosurgeon. Different from traditional image-guidance technologies that offer intra-operative visualization of medical images or atlas images, virtual brain counseling goes one step further. It can distinguish related brain structures and provide information about them intra-operatively. Virtual brain counseling is the foundation for surgical planing optimization and on-line surgical reference. It can provide a warning system that alerts the neurosurgeon if the chosen trajectory will pass through eloquent brain areas. In order to fulfill this objective, tracking techniques are involved for intra- operativity. Most importantly, a 3D virtual brian environment, different from traditional 3D digitized atlases, is an object-oriented model of the brain that stores information about different brain structures together with their elated information. An object-oriented hierarchical hyper-voxel space (HHVS) is introduced to integrate anatomical and functional structures. Spatial queries based on position of interest, line segment of interest, and volume of interest are introduced in this paper. The virtual brain environment is integrated with existing surgical pre-planning and intra-operative tracking systems to provide information for planning optimization and on-line surgical guidance. The neurosurgeon is alerted automatically if the planned treatment affects any critical structures. Architectures such as HHVS and algorithms, such as spatial querying, normalizing, and warping are presented in the paper. A prototype has shown that the virtual brain is intuitive in its hierarchical 3D appearance. It also showed that HHVS, as the key structure for virtual brain counseling, efficiently integrates multi-scale brain structures based on their spatial relationships.This is a promising development for optimization of treatment plans and online surgical intelligent guidance.

Jiang, Zhaowei; Grosky, William I.; Zamorano, Lucia J.; Muzik, Otto; Diaz, Fernando

1997-06-01

390

(Re)placing Multiculturalism in Counselling and Psychotherapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since multiculturalism is not fully theorised it has created much confusion in counselling and psychotherapy. It has been criticised for ignoring questions of power relations, and for emphasising the cultural differences of ethnic minority groups rather than focus on their similar predicaments of racism, sexism, misogyny, homophobia and economic…

Moodley, Roy

2007-01-01

391

Using Supervision to Prepare Social Justice Counseling Advocates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several years, there has been an increased focus on integrating not only multiculturalism in the counseling profession, but also advocacy and social justice. Although the professional literature addresses the importance of cultural competence in supervision, there is a paucity of information about social justice advocacy in relation…

Glosoff, Harriet L.; Durham, Judith C.

2010-01-01

392

Grief Counseling Groups in a Medium-Security Prison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss their facilitation of four grief counseling groups with male inmates in a state prison over a two-year period. Worden's Tasks of Mourning were used as a guide for the group process. Disenfranchised grief and gender and cultural issues in grieving are explored. Catalytic exercises are described, and written feedback from inmates…

Olson, Margaret J.; McEwen, Margaret A.

2004-01-01

393

Careerist, Wage-Earner, or Entrepreneur: Work Values and Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores work values and the culture clashes and fracture lines that accompany them. Grounds this analysis of values in Danish ethnology and focuses on the careerist, the wage-earner, the entrepreneur, and a comparison of each perspective. Discusses the implications of these values for counseling. (RJM)

Plant, Peter

1997-01-01

394

Counseling Groups for African American Women: A Focus on Spirituality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains cultural and spiritual traditions within African American women's experience that form the foundation for group counseling strategies. Reviews literature regarding African American women's experience in groups. Explains group interventions such as art, music, dance, imagery, journaling, and rituals that can help transcend, empower, and…

Williams, Carmen Braun; Frame, Marsha Wiggins; Green, Evelyn

1999-01-01

395

Internet and Computer Technology Hazards: Perspectives for Family Counselling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the social construction of the various computer hazards that households are encountering, such as computer addiction and children's access to on-line pornography. Discusses these issues in terms of constructivist counseling perspectives that are sensitive to cultural and environmental contexts. Outlines specific strategies for countering…

Oravec, Jo Ann

2000-01-01

396

Group Counseling With Emotionally Disturbed School Children in Taiwan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of group counseling to emotionally disturbed school children in Chinese culture was examined. Two junior high schools located in Tao-Yuan Province were randomly selected with two eighth-grade classes randomly selected from each school. Ten emotionally disturbed students were chosen from each class and randomly assigned to two…

Chiu, Peter

397

Issues in the Organisation of Counselling: Learning from NMGC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of the National Marriage Guidance Council (Great Britain) from 1948 to 1988 is used as a case study to illustrate some of the basic organizational dilemmas and conflicts experienced in counseling agencies. Discusses three organizational dynamics: social and cultural environment, structure and ideology, and lifespan. (JPS)

McLeod, John

1994-01-01

398

Entering Communities: Social Justice Oriented Disaster Response Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors need to learn how to effectively and respectfully enter into communities hit by disasters and create collaborative partnerships with community members. Using critical consciousness theory, the authors describe a humanistic, culturally responsive approach to disaster response counseling for marginalized individuals and communities and…

West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Goodman, Rachael D.

2011-01-01

399

Definitional Ceremonies: Integrating Community into Multicultural Counseling Sessions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Definitional Ceremonies are used as a forum for integrating members of diverse cultures into multicultural counseling sessions. The authors provide a philosophical foundation, implementation process, and excerpts from a typescript of a recent definitional ceremony involving a women and her mother, both recently in the United States from Panama.

Bitter, James Robert; Robertson, Patricia E.; Roig, Grace; Disqueact, J. Graham

2004-01-01

400

Cultural Diversity in Pastoral Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fukuyama and Sevig are counseling psychologists who have a particular interest in the integration of spirituality into multicultural counseling and training. In this article the authors address the complexity of integrating religious and cultural diversity and spirituality into chaplaincy care in the context of an increasingly diverse society. By posing a series of questions, the authors systematically clarify definitions and

Mary A. Fukuyama; Todd D. Sevig

2004-01-01

401

Allegories and Symbols in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manuscript describes how counselors can facilitate self-awareness in clients and counselors-in-training through the use of metaphors. The use of metaphors and others symbols provide a creative, non-intrusive, and non-confrontational approach to counseling. Examples of stories and fables used during counseling sessions and instructional…

Alvarado, Victor I.; Cavazos, Lionel J.

2007-01-01

402

Alabama Counseling Association Journal, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicating ideas and information that will help counselors to implement the counseling role and develop the profession of counseling is the purpose of this journal. The first issue in volume 21 contains the following articles: "Policies and Procedures for Reporting Child Abuse in Alabama: Considerations for Counselors, Teachers, and School…

Abbott, Gypsy, Ed.; Elliott, Glenda R., Ed.

1995-01-01

403

New Developments in Group Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group counseling is a rapidly changing field. This collection of 31 digests examines various aspects of group process and group counseling. The digests are arranged under different subject headings. In section 1, the nature of group work is examined, along with the evolution of group work training since 1990. The second section looks at…

Gladding, Samuel T., Ed.

404

Remarriage Counseling: A Current Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing percentage of weddings today are remarriages. The urgent need for counseling in preparation for, and in the context of, remarriage deserves recognition. Yet remarriage counseling is a neglected topic at professional conventions, in research studies and among marriage and family counselors. This kind of marital relationship exhibits a…

Cameron, Catherine

405

School Counseling in China Today  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a brief overview of the development of psychological thinking in China and social influences on the practice of school counseling today. Common problems of students are described, including anxiety due to pressure to perform well on exams, loneliness and social discomfort, and video game addiction. Counseling approaches used…

Thomason, Timothy C.; Qiong, Xiao

2008-01-01

406

School Counseling: New Perspectives & Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School counselors need new ideas to initiate change in school counseling programs. This book presents a collection of innovative paradigms and approaches. Part 1 presents articles on techniques and methods of counseling interventions: (1) Student Rights (C. C. Hogan); (2) At-Risk Students and Violence (L. Giusti); (3) Conflict Management (D. R.…

Allen, Jackie M., Ed.

407

Exercise as a Counseling Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of wellness counseling is to guide individuals to live a healthy life in which body, mind, and spirit are integrated in order to experience fulfillment and happiness. The purpose of this article is to provide counselors steps to follow when using exercise as a counseling intervention and to provide techniques that will encourage exercise…

Okonski, Verna O.

2003-01-01

408

Client Motivation and Multicultural Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reaction article comments on the major contribution titled "Motivation and Autonomy in Counseling, Psychotherapy, and Behavior Change: A Look at Theory and Practice." It first points out the article's strengths, the primary of which was to move the construct of motivation to the center of focus in the discussion of counseling. In addition,…

Kim, Bryan S. K.

2011-01-01

409

Qualitative Research in Rehabilitation Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research approaches offer rehabilitation scholars and practitioners avenues into understanding the lives and experiences of people with disabilities and those people and systems with whom they interact. The methods used often parallel those used in counseling and appear to be well matched with the field of rehabilitation counseling.…

Hanley-Maxwell, Cheryl; Al Hano, Ibrahim; Skivington, Michael

2007-01-01

410

The Paradigms of Counseling Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the evolution of counseling psychology's theoretical models and their subsequent treatment by "The Counseling Psychologist" (TCP) in its early years through 1984. After outlining the founding of the journal, the author traces the history of the TCP and its relationship to the historical periods of the profession's development. (GCP)

Whiteley, John M.

1999-01-01

411

Constructivist Career Counseling. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advance of science and technology, the rise of mass consumerism, the deterioration of families, and other factors have enormous implications for career counseling. This digest outlines a constructivist career counseling perspective. This perspective is based on the following concepts: there are multiple realities and no single "God's eye" view…

Peavy, R. Vance

412

Culture, Personality, Health, and Family Dynamics: Cultural Competence in the Selection of Culturally Sensitive Treatments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural sensitivity and cultural competence in the selection of culturally sensitive treatments is a requisite for effective counseling practice in working with diverse clients and their families, particularly when clients present with health issues or medical problems. Described here is a strategy for selecting culturally sensitive treatments…

Sperry, Len

2010-01-01

413

[Dietary counseling in obesity].  

PubMed

Information on weight management and a healthy eating is accessible to anyone. However, recommendations are inconsistent. This often leads to confusion rather than to real changes in eating behavior. The principle of a long-term weight reduction is based on the idea of achieving negative energy balance with a healthy, balanced and slightly hypocaloric diet. The regimen is neither supposed to be rigid nor should it ban any food products or food products. Changes in eating patterns come about step by step and the counseling approach should be based on the patient's habits and capabilities. The basic requirement to successfully treat obese patients is their own motivation Therefore, the timing of launching the therapy needs to be well chosen. Apart from goals directly concerning weight loss, goals related to well-being, general health and exercise should be set and pursued. However, the main focus should be on changes of dietary behavior. Dietary counseling is preferably embedded in a multidisciplinary treatment concept. PMID:23385189

Meyer, Nathalie; Haslebacher, Yvonne; Teuscher-Sick, Patricia; Fischer, Beatrice

2013-02-01

414

Code of Ethics: Principles for Ethical Leadership  

PubMed Central

The code of ethics for a professional association incorporates values, principles, and professional standards. A review and comparative analysis of a 1934 pledge and codes of ethics from 1957, 1977, 1988, 1998, 2004, and 2011 for a health information management association was conducted. Highlights of some changes in the healthcare delivery system are identified as a general context for the codes of ethics. The codes of ethics are examined in terms of professional values and changes in the language used to express the principles of the various codes. PMID:23346028

Flite, Cathy A.; Harman, Laurinda B.

2013-01-01

415

Resolving ethical dilemmas through international human resource management: a transaction cost economics perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the interaction between cross-cultural variation in ethics and international human resource management. Literature is reviewed that suggests the ethical orientation of a culture can vary based upon whether the culture values collective outcomes or adherence to generally accepted rules, processes, and rights. Drawing on transaction cost economics and social contracts theory, it is suggested that differences in

Wayne Grossman; Lyle F. Schoenfeldt

2001-01-01

416

Business Ethics Resources on WWW  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the University of British Columbia's Centre for Applied Ethics, this extensive catalog of business ethics resources is divided into eight sections including Public Sector Ethics, Publications, Codes of Ethics, and Ethics Institutions and Organizations. Each section consists of briefly indexed links, organized in alphabetical order. Business Ethics Resources on the WWW also links to a page of applied ethics resources and the Centre for Applied Ethics.

417

Speech Culture and Personality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological and pedagogical benefits of studying and promoting speech culture are discussed, particularly as they affect the formation of personality in young people. Ethical and moral implications are mentioned. (15 references) (LB)

Vasic, Smiljka

1991-01-01

418

Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale – Racial Diversity Form: Factor structure and test of a social cognitive model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to gather evidence on the factor structure and concurrent criterion validity of the Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale – Racial Diversity Form (MCSE-RD; Sheu & Lent, 2007). The MCSE-RD was designed to assess therapists' perceived capabilities in performing culturally relevant in-session behaviors in cross-racial counseling. Participants were 209 students in counseling-related graduate programs in the USA. Confirmatory

Hung-Bin Sheu; Marybeth Rigali-Oiler; Robert W. Lent

2012-01-01

419

UAMN Institutional Code of Ethics UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA  

E-print Network

UAMN Institutional Code of Ethics 2007 UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA MUSEUM OF THE NORTH INSTITUTIONAL CODE Code of Ethics 2007 Page 4 of 28 INTRODUCTION The University of Alaska Museum of the North (UAMN natural and cultural history objects of Alaska. As such, the Museum complies with applicable local, state

Ickert-Bond, Steffi

420

Without ‘informed consent’? Ethics and ancient mummy research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical issues are of foremost importance in modern bio-medical science. Ethical guidelines and socio-cultural public awareness exist for modern samples, whereas for ancient mummy studies both are de facto lacking. This is particularly striking considering the fact that examinations are done without informed consent or that the investigations are invasive due to technological aspects and that it affects personality traits.

I. M. Kaufmann; F. J. Ruhli

2010-01-01

421

Decolonial pedagogy and the ethics of the global  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ethical and democratic globality, and the kind of education that would contribute to it, are only possible in the context of a recognition of the relations of power that have shaped history, and in particular the political, cultural, economic, and epistemological processes of domination that have characterized colonialism and Eurocentrism. Imagining an ethics of the global in this context

Noah De Lissovoy

2010-01-01

422

ETHICS IN THE MIDDLE 12/10/2009 2  

E-print Network

? ­ By subordinates ­ By seniors? "Bending" the rules Gun decking logs and PQS Fraternization with subordinates #12/fiscal realities vs. Environmental issues #12;12/10/2009 11 Viewing Platforms Law establishes ethical minimum is inherently right/wrong Legal authority Sacred traditions Culture Ethical Theories Laws/Directives/Orders Duty

423

End-of-Life Ethical Issues in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the end-of-life ethical issues of disclosure of information to the terminally ill patient, informed consent, and overtreatment for the elderly people of Japan. These issues are placed within the cultural context of Japan, which is discussing and developing ways to deal with them. The ethical problems that nurses confront when they work clinically with elderly patients also

Anne J. Davis; Emiko Konishi

2000-01-01

424

Themes in Latin American Environmental Ethics: Community, Resistance and Autonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to answer the question how environmental ethics is approached in Latin America. I begin by discussing a suitable method for interpreting the question of whether there is a culturally based ethics, given that one may focus either on theory or on actually existing moral practices. Next, I consider some of the possible sources of Latin America's distinctiveness,

Thomas Heyd

2004-01-01

425

Virtually real: learning ethicality in an online fan community  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we offer a non-typical snapshot of interaction from the field of Reality TV fandom to explore new ways of conceiving the relationship between empathic response, ethical awareness and emergent possibilities for learning as conditioned by online participatory cultures. We provide a limit-case analysis of an instance of situated ethical action among members of the fan forum Television

Tammy Iftody; Dennis Sumara; Brent Davis

2011-01-01

426

Examining the Crossroads of Law, Ethics, and Education Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational leaders are bound by legal and ethical imperatives to make certain that all children have access to an education and the opportunity to learn. To better understand how law and ethics intersect, this article adopted the cultural study perspective to analyze U.S. Supreme Court opinions for language revealing the intersection of law and…

Bon, Susan C.

2012-01-01

427

Ethics and Nanotechnology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the Understanding Nano website introduces concepts of nanotechnology-related ethics. In addition to the reading materials, the page provides a list of websites and organizations that focus on ethics and nanotechnology.

2013-07-01

428

Ethics in 15-minutes per Week  

PubMed Central

The demand for science trainees to have appropriate responsible conduct of research instruction continues to increase the attention shown by federal agencies and graduate school programs to the development of effective ethics curriculums. However, it is important to consider that the main learning environment for science graduate students and post-doctoral research fellows is within a laboratory setting. Here we discuss an internal laboratory program of weekly 15-minute ethics discussions implemented and used over the last three years in addition to the graduate school's program of scientific integrity training. During this time, the environment and culture within our laboratory has changed to place greater emphasis on the ethical implications of our own research and the research we evaluate. We still struggle with how to accurately assess this behavioral change; although, we present preliminary survey results on the evaluation and impact of this style of curriculum for ethics instruction in our laboratory. PMID:20213534

Peiffer, Ann M.; Hugenschmidt, Christina E.; Laurienti, Paul J.

2013-01-01

429

Courtland Lee: A Global Advocate for Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Courtland Lee is exemplary in his accomplishments nationally and internationally. His academic achievements are notable in multicultural counseling and social justice. His leadership in counseling has been outstanding with his having served as president of the American Counseling Association, the Association for Multicultural Counseling and…

Gladding, Samuel T.

2011-01-01

430

THE TELEOANALYTIC APPROACH TO GROUP COUNSELING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PAPER PRESENTS THE PROCEDURES FOR A GROUP COUNSELING PROGRAM ON FOUR LEVELS--(1) COUNSELING WITHIN PEER GROUPS AS CHILDREN LEARN FROM EACH OTHER IN INTERACTION, (2) TEACHER SEMINARS WHERE TEACHERS CAN SHARE IDEAS ON SPECIFIC PROBLEMS AND GAIN INSIGHT ON THE OTHER COUNSELING GROUPS, (3) PARENT GROUPS WHERE ONE PARENT COUNSELED IN FRONT OF THE…

DREIKURS, RUDOLF; SONSTEGARD, MANFORD

431

Ethical Healthcare Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have combined a bottom-up casuistry approach with a top-down implementation of an ethical theory to develop a system that\\u000a uses machine-learning to abstract relationships between prima facie ethical duties from cases of particular types of ethical dilemmas where ethicists are in agreement as to the correct action.\\u000a This system has discovered a novel ethical principle that governs decisions in

Michael Anderson; Susan Leigh Anderson

432

The University of Sheffield Counselling Service How can counselling help?  

E-print Network

or lesbian, black or white or from an ethnic minority community. However, counselling seems to be most. Sometimes it is easier to talk to a stranger than to relatives or friends. Through the particular kind

Stevenson, Mark

433

Managing conflict/employee counseling.  

PubMed

Managers and nurse leaders can enhance skills and techniques to manage conflict and subsequent counseling of employees in the workplace. Stress, conflict, issues of miscommunication, and a poor job performance can be handled in a focused, orderly manner. Corrective action plans and documentation of counseling sessions are suggested. A framework for managers to perform self-assessment in counseling performance is provided. Developing specific competency checklists for managers and completing them on an annual basis validates important aspects of the role of nurse managers. PMID:11235464

Iacono, M

2000-08-01

434

Variable approaches to genetic counseling for microarray regions of homozygosity associated with parental relatedness.  

PubMed

SNP microarrays are capable of detecting regions of homozygosity (ROH) which can suggest parental relatedness. This study was designed to describe pre- and post-test counseling practices of genetics professionals regarding ROH, explore perceived comfort and ethical concerns in the follow-up of such results, demonstrate awareness of laws surrounding duty to report consanguinity and incest, and allow respondents to share their personal experiences with results suggesting a parental relationship. A 35 question survey was administered to 240 genetic counselors and geneticists who had ordered or counseled for SNP microarray. The results are presented using descriptive statistics. There was variation in both pre- and post-test counseling practices of genetics professionals. Twenty-five percent of respondents reported pre-test counseling that ROH can indicate parental relatedness. The most commonly reported ethical concern was disclosure of findings suggesting parental relatedness to parents of the patient; only 48.4% reported disclosing parental relatedness when indicated. Fifty-seven percent felt comfortable receiving results suggesting parental consanguinity while 17% felt comfortable receiving results suggesting parental incest. Twenty percent of respondents were extremely/moderately familiar with the laws about duty to report incest. Personal experiences in post-test counseling included both parental acknowledgement and denial of relatedness. This study highlights the differences in genetics professionals' pre- and post-test counseling practices, comfort, and experiences surrounding parental relatedness suggested by SNP microarray results. It identifies a need for professional organizations to offer guidance to genetics professionals about how to respond to and counsel for molecular results suggesting parental consanguinity or incest. PMID:24243712

Grote, Lauren; Myers, Melanie; Lovell, Anne; Saal, Howard; Sund, Kristen Lipscomb

2014-01-01

435

A Pragmatic Approach to Applied Ethics in Sport and Related Physical Activity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguing that there is still no single, noncontroversial foundation on which the world's present multi-structure of ethics can be built, this paper examines a scientific ethics approach. It is postulated that in North American culture, the approach to instruction in ethics for youth is haphazard at best. Society does not provide an adequate means…

Zeigler, Earle F.

436

Tom Donahue Environmental Ethics ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS.  

E-print Network

-Frechette, Environmental Justice: Creating Equality, Reclaiming Democracy (Oxford University Press, 2002) [3] Robert ETom Donahue Environmental Ethics 1 ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS. EPE S399/PHIL S331/PLSC S335 Summer 2012 and argumentative skills required in legal and environmental advocacy. Course Requirements. To earn full credit, you

437

The Ethics and Politics of Ethics Approval  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The regulatory scope of Human Research Ethics Committees can be problematic for a variety of reasons. Some scholars have argued the ethics approval process, for example, is antithetical to certain disciplines in the humanities and social sciences, while others are willing to give it qualified support. This article uses a case study to cast the…

Battin, Tim; Riley, Dan; Avery, Alan

2014-01-01

438

Published in Proceedings of the 2004 SIGMIS Conference on Computer Personnel Research: Careers, Culture, and Ethics in a Networked Environment, 120-123.  

E-print Network

responsive to female students due to differences in academic culture, operationalized in terms that will qualify and motivate them for information technology (IT)-related careers. This Information Technology Work Force (ITWF) award provides support to investigate 15 tertiary education programs in information

Herring, Susan

439

The Ethics of Biowarfare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The issue-focused, reviewed, student article alarms that nations need to take preventative measures to curb the development and proliferation of biological and chemical weapons, such as: adopting a scientific code of ethics, incorporating ethics into graduate science courses, formulating accountability mechanisms for research, and raising academic, industry, and public awareness of ethical issues.

Daniel Reyes (Santa Clara University, California;)

2003-02-01

440

Ethics committees in Croatia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis the work of ethics committees in Croatia is being investigated for the first time. The 1997 Law on Health Protection introduced legal standards for the establishment of the so-called 'mixed' type of ethics committees in healthcare institutions. Our study aims to examine whether this top-down approach of ethics committee implementation was the right approach for Croatia and

Ana Borovecki

2007-01-01

441

Ethics, Income and Religion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the relationship between ethics and income among individuals of different religions in the HKSAR of China. The presence of both traditional Chinese religion and Christianity from the West makes our study particularly interesting. The content of ethical beliefs varies with religion and thus the effect of ethics on income may also vary across religion. Furthermore, a reverse

Kit-Chun Lam; Bill WS Hung

2005-01-01

442

Ethics and Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains four articles covering trends and issues on ethics and privacy in instructional technology, including: considerations for assessing ethical issues; what schools must do to develop ethical behaviors in students; a privacy primer for educators; and manufacturing technophopia. Each article contains references. (MES)

Brewer, Erin; Eastmond, Nick; Geertsen, Reed; Johnson, Doug; Lewandowski, Judith; Yeaman, Andrew R. J.

2003-01-01

443

Ethical Child Welfare Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that child welfare professionals can improve the quality and integrity of the services they provide if they develop ethical decision making skills, this book provides child welfare administrators and caseworkers with a framework for assessing ethical dilemmas, making sound ethical decisions, and delivering services with integrity to…

Leever, Martin G.; DeCiani, Gina; Mulaney, Ellen; Hasslinger, Heather; Gambrill, Eileen

444

Designing an Ethics Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a required ethics course designed for juniors and seniors at a small Connecticut boarding school. Students explore the ethics of care and justice, examine ethical assumptions behind the school's disciplinary system, consider a series of dilemmas, and discuss complex topics such as abortion, euthanasia, and racism. A sidebar outlines…

Prager, Richard

1993-01-01

445

Counseling Strategies for Involuntary Terminations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the response an employee may have to his termination, the actions a personnel professional can take to help the employee, and the reasons such counseling programs can be beneficial for both the employee and the organization. (IRT)

Kravetz, Dennis J.

1978-01-01

446

Psychological Aspects of Career Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because career decision making affects all aspects of a person's life, career counseling must take into account client expectations, psychological characteristics and personality traits, nonverbal cues, and psychological variables affecting the counselor-client relationship. (SK)

Corbishley, M. Anne; Yost, Elizabeth B.

1989-01-01

447

Electroencephalographic Assessment in Vocational Counselling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes a study in which counselling client have been referred to EEG assessments. The connections between erratic behavior patterns and physical problems can be used by counsellors in job and living adjustment decisions.

B. L. Visser

1980-01-01

448

Counselling Service Services for students  

E-print Network

Counselling Although many personal difficulties can be discussed with friends and family, sometimes and psychological concerns such as: Dilemmas and difficult decisions Depression Poor concentration Self Assertiveness Depression management Confidence building Relaxation Exam stress Details of our groups

Stevenson, Mark

449

Family Group Counseling for Alcoholics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After personal involvement as a group leader with alcoholics under treatment and their families, the author stresses the need for this type of counseling to educate family on alcoholism and to help dispel their prejudices. (Author/CJ)

kinsella, Samuel B.

1970-01-01

450

On judgment and judgmentalism: how counselling can make people better  

PubMed Central

Counsellors, like other members of the caring professions, are required to practise within an ethical framework, at least in so far as they seek professional accreditation. As such, the counsellor is called upon to exercise her moral agency. In most professional contexts this requirement is, in itself, unproblematic. It has been suggested, however, that counselling practice does present a problem in this respect, in so far as the counsellor is expected to take a non-judgemental stance and an attitude of "unconditional positive regard" toward the client. If, as might appear to be the case, this stance and attitude are at odds with the making of moral judgments, the possibility of an adequate ethics of counselling is called into question. This paper explores the nature and extent of the problem suggesting that, understood in a Kantian context, non-judgmentalism can be seen to be at odds with neither the moral agency of the counsellor nor that of the client. Instead, it is argued, the relationship between the non-judgmental counsellor and her client is a fundamentally moral relationship, based on respect for the client's unconditional worth as a moral agent. PMID:16199597

Gibson, S

2005-01-01

451

On judgment and judgmentalism: how counselling can make people better.  

PubMed

Counsellors, like other members of the caring professions, are required to practise within an ethical framework, at least in so far as they seek professional accreditation. As such, the counsellor is called upon to exercise her moral agency. In most professional contexts this requirement is, in itself, unproblematic. It has been suggested, however, that counselling practice does present a problem in this respect, in so far as the counsellor is expected to take a non-judgemental stance and an attitude of "unconditional positive regard" toward the client. If, as might appear to be the case, this stance and attitude are at odds with the making of moral judgments, the possibility of an adequate ethics of counselling is called into question. This paper explores the nature and extent of the problem suggesting that, understood in a Kantian context, non-judgmentalism can be seen to be at odds with neither the moral agency of the counsellor nor that of the client. Instead, it is argued, the relationship between the non-judgmental counsellor and her client is a fundamentally moral relationship, based on respect for the client's unconditional worth as a moral agent. PMID:16199597

Gibson, S

2005-10-01

452

The Rehabilitation of Indigenous Environmental Ethics in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the rehabilitation of the ethical dimension of human interactions with nature, using cross-cultural perspectives in Africa. Cross-cultural comparison of indigenous concepts of the relationship between people and nature with contemporary environmental and scientific issues facilitate the rehabilitation, renewal and validation of indigenous environmental ethics. Although increasing attention is being given to the environmental concerns of non-western traditions,

Workineh Kelbessa

2005-01-01

453

Ethical Expert Systems  

PubMed Central

The title is a double entendre. The discussion approaches expert systems from two directions: “What ethical hazards are created by expert systems in medicine?” and “Would it be ethical to design an expert system for solving problems in bioethics?” Computers present new ethical problems to society, some of which are unprecedented. These can be categorized under several rubrics. The paper describes a rudimentary scheme for understanding ethical issues raised by computers, in general, and medical expert systems, in particular. It focuses on bioethical implications of AI in medicine; explores norms, assumptions and taboos; and highlights certain ethical pitfalls. Principles are elucidated, for building ethically sound systems. Finally, a proposal is discussed, for the design of an expert system for moral problem solving, and the ethical implications of this notion are analyzed.

Victoroff, Michael S.

1985-01-01

454

Looking good, but behaving badly: leader accountability and ethics failure.  

PubMed

Making the bottom line is a fact of life in the business and corporate world. However, when organizations and their leaders become fixated on the bottom line and ignore values, an environment conducive to ethics failure is nurtured. Ethics failure has focused almost exclusively on the behavior of organizational leaders. However, it is the interaction of the culture of organizations and the character of their leaders that create the environment and social situations conducive to ethics failure. Although ethics failure is not totally preventable, there are usually warning signs early in the recruitment process of prospective CEOs that predict ethics failure. The author suggests that specific up-front questions be asked to ascertain the ethical fitness of prospective CEOs. PMID:16131928

Bruhn, John G

2005-01-01

455

Content Analysis of Acculturation Research in Counseling and Counseling Psychology: A 22Year Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors conducted a 22-year (1988–2009) content analysis of quantitative empirical research that included acculturation and\\/or enculturation as a study variable(s). A total of 138 studies in 134 articles were systematically evaluated from 5 major American Psychological Association and American Counseling Association journals in counseling and counseling psychology, including Journal of Counseling Psychology, The Counseling Psychologist, Journal of Counseling and

Eunju Yoon; Kimberly Langrehr; Lee Za Ong

2011-01-01

456

Counselling for postnatal depression in the voluntary sector.  

PubMed

The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of counselling and therapy offered by the voluntary sector for women with postnatal depression or distress. Twenty-seven women accepted for individual counselling or therapy were assessed at baseline, and 3 and 6 months after therapy. They were assessed using standardized measures of depression, parenting stress, marital relationship and maternal self-efficacy. Data were collected by home interviews by an independent researcher. The study sample was representative of those referred for therapy. Scores on measures of depression, parenting self-efficacy and parenting stress decreased significantly over time. Scores of marital satisfaction did not change. The scores of 16 out of 27 (60%) had fallen to below 14 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. There was no difference between those having individual or group therapy. It is not feasible, logistically or ethically, to carry out a randomized controlled trial of counselling which is negotiated between client and therapist. The results from this prospective study of support given by the voluntary sector suggest that it can be effective in alleviating symptoms of postnatal depression. PMID:12396765

Alder, Elizabeth; Truman, Julie

2002-06-01

457

Ethics "in" and "for" Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the apparent conspiracy of silence and/or culture of disinterest with regard to ethical issues in higher education. A first interpretation treats it as an almost entirely negative phenomenon--the subordination of university values to external political and market forces. The second interpretation, elaborated here, is more…

Scott, Peter

2004-01-01

458

Resistance to Reform in Legal Ethics Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions of forces that may restrain the implementation of needed change in legal ethics instruction were investigated in 1984, using a model of resistance to planned change proposed by Goodwin Watson. Based on this model, five barriers to change were assessed: conformity to norms, systemic and cultural coherence, vested interests, the…

Gee, Elizabeth D.

459

Ethical & Legal Issues in Suicidology: International Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical and legal issues are complex—more complex than one person can be consciously aware of. To discuss such issues from only one perspective would be myopic. Therefore, this review article was written by authors from 12 countries\\/cultures: Australia, China, Cuba, Ireland, India, Japan, Lithuania, Russia., South Africa, The Netherlands, Turtle Island and United States. The following issues were addressed: Standards

Antoon Leenaars; Chris Cantor; John Connolly; Marlene EchoHawk; Danute Gailiene; Zhao Xiong He; Natalia Kokorina; David Lester; Andrew Lopatin; Mario Rodriguez; Lourens Schlebusch; Yoshitomo Takahashi; Lakshmi Vijayakumar

2002-01-01

460

Ethical Challenges Regarding Globalization of Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper places the question of ethical challenges in relation to the process of globalization concerning international education and the mobility of international students worldwide. It focuses on five areas of justice, namely, social and political justice, administrative justice, distributive justice, cultural justice and ecological justice.…

Olivier, Bert

2011-01-01

461

Internet Practices of Certified Rehabilitation Counselors and Analysis of Guidelines for Ethical Internet Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet has become an integral part of the practice of rehabilitation counseling. To identify potential ethical issues regarding the use of the Internet by counselors, two studies were conducted. In Study 1, we surveyed a national sample of rehabilitation counselors regarding their use of technology in their work and home settings. Results…

Lehmann, Ilana S.; Crimando, William

2011-01-01

462

Computer-Based Test Interpretation in Career Assessment: Ethical and Professional Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of computer-based test interpretation (CBTI) in career assessment raises numerous ethical and professional issues. For example, how do current testing standards apply to tests on the Internet? What are appropriate and inappropriate uses of CBTI in career assessment? How can CBTI be successfully integrated into the career counseling process? Who is qualified to use CBTI? What are the

James P. Sampson; M. Page Purgar; Jonathan D. Shy

2003-01-01

463

Medical and ethical considerations in twin pregnancies discordant for serious cardiac disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:Prenatal ultrasound has led to the early diagnosis of major anomalies. However, the ready availability of this technology has led to increasing challenges for physicians counseling affected parents, which is all the more difficult in a twin pregnancy with only one affected fetus. This paper reviews the medical and ethical considerations in twin pregnancies discordant for a serious cardiac condition.Study

A Malhotra; S Menahem; P Shekleton; L Gillam

2009-01-01

464

An Ethical Decision-Making Model to Determine Authorship Credit in Published Faculty-Student Collaborations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publishing research is imperative to both counselor educators and students in counseling programs. Furthermore, faculty-student publication collaborations can often be a mutually beneficial professional endeavor. However, determining order of authorship can be a complex ethical issue. The authors review prior research to illustrate the…

Foster, Ryan D.; Ray, Dee C.

2012-01-01

465

Life Science EthicsLife Science Ethics Dr. Kristen Hessler  

E-print Network

· plus · Ethical claims · equals · Ethical conclusion #12;Ethical Argument ­ Example · Human cloning of adults. · Therefore, human cloning is morally wrong. Conclusion Premises #12;Evaluating Ethical Arguments · Human cloning produces exact physical replicas of adults. · It is ethically wrong to produce exact

Song, Joe

466

Perceived Importance of Ethics and Ethical Decisions in Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the influences of perceptions regarding the importance of ethics and social responsibility on ethical intentions of marketing professionals. It also investigates the effects of perceived ethical problems and gender on ethical intentions. The results, based on a survey of practitioner members of the American Marketing Association, revealed that a marketing professional’s perception regarding the importance of ethics

Anusorn Singhapakdi

1999-01-01

467

Is mandatory research ethics reviewing ethical?  

PubMed

Review boards responsible for vetting the ethical conduct of research have been criticised for their costliness, unreliability and inappropriate standards when evaluating some non-medical research, but the basic value of mandatory ethical review has not been questioned. When the standards that review boards use to evaluate research proposals are applied to review board practices, it is clear that review boards do not respect researchers or each other, lack merit and integrity, are not just and are not beneficent. The few benefits of mandatory ethical review come at a much greater, but mainly hidden, social cost. It is time that responsibility for the ethical conduct of research is clearly transferred to researchers, except possibly in that small proportion of cases where prospective research participants may be so intrinsically vulnerable that their well-being may need to be overseen. PMID:22865925

Dyck, Murray; Allen, Gary

2013-08-01

468

Law, ethics and research ethics committees.  

PubMed

This paper examines the view of the operational management of the UK Research Ethics Committee (REC) system that RECs may not reject applications on purely legal grounds. Two arguments are offered for this view: the first rests on the contention that being lawful and being ethical are not the same thing; the second is that RECs lack expertise and authority to base their decisions on legal considerations. However, whatever the philosophical standing of the first argument, it is contrary to published guidance, the basis of RECs' official authority, unethical, and politically imprudent to permit RECs not to consider conformity with the law to be at least a necessary condition for REC approval. In any event, RECs can obtain competent and authoritative advice on the law (though the Department of Health has been remiss in this regard), and they do not exceed their authority by applying the law, because this is within their ethical remit. When current guidance to RECs about advising researchers on whether or not breaches of confidence are permissible in the public interest is linked to the view of the REC management that the role of RECs is to facilitate research (albeit ethical research), this raises serious doubts about the integrity of the system of ethical review currently in place, which is illustrated by a recent "agreement" of the Chairmen of the MRECs not to consider the Data Protection Act 1998 in their ethical review. PMID:12017445

Beyleveld, Deryck

2002-01-01

469

Effects of Counseling on Weight Loss and Exercise Self-Efficacy in Mexican American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed whether the addition of supportive group counseling to a culturally-relevant weight loss program improved weight, fitness, and exercise self-efficacy of lower socioeconomic Mexican American women. Volunteers were randomized to an exercise and education (EE), or an exercise, education plus supportive counseling group (EESC). For 8 weeks, all participants were offered five exercise classes and one nutrition class\\/week,

Sylvia H Crixell; Lisa K Lloyd

470

Ethics, funding and alcohol research.  

PubMed

The field of alcohol research is a multidisciplinary area of inquiry. Moreover the debate about alcohol issues is highly politicized, involving not only researchers but also 'advocates' and those with strong ideological orientations or who represent powerful vested interests. Researchers may easily be caught in the crossfire in polemics involving such people. From time to time ethical malpractice is evident, yet there are often neither clear guidelines to delineate which behaviours are unacceptable nor how ethical violations are to be handled. This paper considers a number of key issues currently topical in the field. These are specifically concerned with the relationships between funders or sponsors and policy makers and researchers. Such issues include the ownership of data, sponsor control and the divergent cultures and outlooks of researchers and sponsors/funders. It is concluded that the field of alcohol research requires a code of ethics to regulate the relationship between researchers and funders. This should provide protection for subjects, patients, clients, researchers and those who pay for research. Some tentative suggestions are put forward for discussion. PMID:8672171

Plant, M; Plant, M; Vernon, B

1996-01-01

471

Ethical dilemmas in clerkship rotations.  

PubMed

A sound clinical education should include the opportunity for medical students to engage in a spirited and informed discussion with faculty about the ethical challenges they will undoubtedly face. Unfortunately, in many medical schools today this goal is thwarted by many factors, including denial that a problem exists, relentless system overload, unprofessional behavior, breakdown in communication, and inertia. What is worse is that this problem is not new, and the fallout is not insignificant. Another potential contributing factor is burnout, which is well documented in a high percentage of medical students, residents, and faculty, and two of its most serious consequences are patient dissatisfaction and medical error.The authors draw on hundreds of student reflections on ethical dilemmas submitted during classroom exercises to examine persistent themes. They posit that classroom and didactic teaching is not enough to enable students to face ethical dilemmas. The authors call for a major culture change in medical education: "buy in" from top administration, especially the dean (and associate/assistant deans), chairs of all departments, and clerkship and residency training directors; the appointing of an ombudsperson and/or ethicist to oversee and resolve issues as they arise; instructional workshops and materials to enhance and impart skills for all teachers; remediation or retiring of errant faculty; and ongoing research and dialogue between and among medical centers about novel solutions. PMID:24072128

Myers, Michael F; Herb, Alice

2013-11-01

472

Genetic counselling in ALS: facts, uncertainties and clinical suggestions.  

PubMed

The clinical approach to patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been largely modified by the identification of novel genes, the detection of gene mutations in apparently sporadic patients, and the discovery of the strict genetic and clinical relation between ALS and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). As a consequence, clinicians are increasingly facing the dilemma on how to handle genetic counselling and testing both for ALS patients and their relatives. On the basis of existing literature on genetics of ALS and of other late-onset life-threatening disorders, we propose clinical suggestions to enable neurologists to provide optimal clinical and genetic counselling to patients and families. Genetic testing should be offered to ALS patients who have a first-degree or second-degree relative with ALS, FTD or both, and should be discussed with, but not offered to, all other ALS patients, with special emphasis on its major uncertainties. Presently, genetic testing should not be proposed to asymptomatic at-risk subjects, unless they request it or are enrolled in research programmes. Genetic counselling in ALS should take into account the uncertainties about the pathogenicity and penetrance of some genetic mutations; the possible presence of mutations of different genes in the same individual; the poor genotypic/phenotypic correlation in most ALS genes; and the phenotypic pleiotropy of some genes. Though psychological, social and ethical implications of genetic testing are still relatively unexplored in ALS, we recommend multidisciplinary counselling that addresses all relevant issues, including disclosure of tests results to family members and the risk for genetic discrimination. PMID:23833266

Chiò, Adriano; Battistini, Stefania; Calvo, Andrea; Caponnetto, Claudia; Conforti, Francesca L; Corbo, Massimo; Giannini, Fabio; Mandrioli, Jessica; Mora, Gabriele; Sabatelli, Mario; Ajmone, Clara; Mastro, Enza; Pain, Debora; Mandich, Paola; Penco, Silvana; Restagno, Gabriella; Zollino, Marcella; Surbone, Antonella

2014-05-01

473

Dismembering the ethical physician  

PubMed Central

Physicians may experience ethical distress when they are caught in difficult clinical situations that demand ethical decision making, particularly when their preferred action may contravene the expectations of patients and established authorities. When principled and competent doctors succumb to patient wishes or establishment guidelines and participate in actions they perceive to be ethically inappropriate, or agree to refrain from interventions they believe to be in the best interests of patients, individual professional integrity may be diminished, and ethical reliability is potentially compromised. In a climate of ever?proliferating ethical quandaries, it is essential for the medical community, health institutions, and governing bodies to pursue a judicious tension between the indispensable regulation of physicians necessary to maintain professional standards and preserve public safety, and the support for “freedom of conscience” that principled physicians require to practise medicine in keeping with their personal ethical orientation. PMID:16597808

Genuis, S J

2006-01-01

474

Making Sense of Your Genes: A Guide to Genetic Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... Making Sense of Your Genes a Guide to Genetic counselinG 2Understanding Your Genes Contents What is genetic ... 1 A Guide to Genetic Counseling What is genetic counseling? The goal of genetic counseling is to ...

475

The Counselling and Psychotherapy Profession in Canada: Regulatory Processes and Current Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like the Canadian landscape and culture, the status of professional regulation for counselling and psychotherapy is a mosaic reflecting the unique cultural, linguistic and contextual realities of Canada. Statutory regulation in Canada is constitutionally a provincial/territorial matter. In the past five years, a major movement towards professional…

Martin, Lorna; Turcotte, Michel; Matte, Laurent; Shepard, Blythe

2013-01-01

476

Racial/Ethnic Minority-Specific Instrumentation in Counseling Research: A Review, Critique, and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews eight instruments specifically conceptualized and developed for use in racial/ethnic minority-focused psychological research: Cultural Mistrust Inventory, African Self-Consciousness Scale, Cross-Cultural Counseling Inventory-Revised, Modern Racism Scale, Value Orientation Scale, Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans, Racial…

Sabnani, Haresh B.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.

1992-01-01

477

Perceptions about ethics institutionalization and quality of work life: Thai versus American marketing managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research suggests that ethics institutionalization positively influences quality of work life (QWL). This study hypothesizes that the effect of ethics institutionalization on QWL is stronger for Thai than U.S. managers, because the Thai culture is collectivistic, whereas the U.S. culture is individualistic. Survey data were collected from Thailand from a sample of marketing managers of Thai companies listed on

Janet K. M. Marta; Anusorn Singhapakdi; Dong-Jin Lee; M. Joseph Sirgy; Kalayanee Koonmee; Busaya Virakul

478

Research Ethics Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of case studies, developed to enhance a Trinity College Summer Research Program, raises provocative ethical questions of interest to scientists, teachers and students involved in research.

Alison J. Draper (Trinity College;); Sharon Stickley (St. Joseph College;)

2010-05-28

479

Ethics in sports medicine.  

PubMed

All physicians are faced at some time with fundamental challenges while striving to respect the principle canons which define a physician's ethical code. These canons are: 1. Primacy of patient interests, 2. Patient confidentiality, 3, Informed consent, and 4. Maintenance of a high standard of care. Athletes, because of their focus on performance, often present unique situations which lead to ethical challenges not seen in the general patient population. Adherence to the four principle ethical canons guides physicians to make ethical decisions when dealing with these unique patients. PMID:22894696

Murthy, Anjali M; Dwyer, James; Bosco, Joseph A

2012-01-01

480

Nutritional counseling in midwifery and obstetric practice.  

PubMed

It is generally acknowledged that pregnant women require healthy diets. However, the cultural idea of "eating for two" and what constitutes an "appropriate" diet during pregnancy have been contested grounds of research as guidelines have changed over the decades. Using a grounded theory approach, we examine how research on pregnancy nutrition is incorporated into practice and translated to patients by obstetricians and 2 categories of midwives--certified nurse midwives (CNMs) and direct-entry midwives (DEMs). Five themes emerged from interviews: (1) food and exercise as "two sides of the same coin"; (2) "good food" and "food that harms" dichotomies; (3) nutrition as holistic prevention; (4) institutionalized barriers to nutritional counseling; and (5) food and the obesity epidemic. An exploration of the conceptual connections between these themes by provider type suggests mechanisms that we argue may be functioning to produce, reproduce, and perpetuate midwifery and medical models of care and associated provider-effects on nutrition-related complications. PMID:21883087

Cheyney, Melissa; Moreno-Black, Geraldine

2010-01-01

481

Ethical issues in transplantation.  

PubMed

The transplantation of gastrointestinal organs has relied on cadaver donors for its successful development. The fact that success has been achieved is largely due to the certainty with which brain death can be diagnosed, and the acceptance of these criteria as signifying actual death by doctors, in particular, intensivists. If continuing goodwill leads to further co-operative effort, cadaveric liver, pancreas and eventually, small bowel transplants, should become more frequent. At present the numbers of recipients requiring these operations are considerably less than those in need of kidneys. There are grounds for believing therefore that the pressure to subvert good ethical standards in acquiring these organs (that pressure imposed by long waiting lists and a high death rate on those waiting lists) should be avoidable. The solution to the problem of deficits in cadaveric liver and pancreatic grafts will be achieved only by better education of nurses and doctors, professionalization and expansion of co-ordinator organizations, legal reform, and cultural change. Only by such progress, achieved at medical, governmental, and societal levels can we avoid the insidious tendency to commercialism which we have witnessed with disquiet in renal transplantation. PMID:8000094

Sells, R A

1994-09-01

482

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION Counseling & Substance Abuse Services  

E-print Network

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION TO COLLEGE Counseling & Substance Abuse Services Director, Frank Budd, Ph � Their Residence Assistant or the RHD � Center for Student Learning � Counseling and Substance Abuse Services

Kasman, Alex

483

38 CFR 21.100 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...counseling services, including but not limited to (1) Psychological; (2) Vocational; (3) Personal adjustment; ...counseling centers or individual qualified professionals under contract to VA; and (ii) Professional staff of other...

2010-07-01

484

38 CFR 21.100 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...counseling services, including but not limited to (1) Psychological; (2) Vocational; (3) Personal adjustment; ...counseling centers or individual qualified professionals under contract to VA; and (ii) Professional staff of other...

2012-07-01

485

38 CFR 21.100 - Counseling.  

...counseling services, including but not limited to (1) Psychological; (2) Vocational; (3) Personal adjustment; ...counseling centers or individual qualified professionals under contract to VA; and (ii) Professional staff of other...

2014-07-01

486

38 CFR 21.100 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...counseling services, including but not limited to (1) Psychological; (2) Vocational; (3) Personal adjustment; ...counseling centers or individual qualified professionals under contract to VA; and (ii) Professional staff of other...

2013-07-01

487

A Humanistic Existential Perspective on Career Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an approach to career counseling based on humanistic existentialism (HE). The philosophical and psychological background of HE is reviewed with implications for various counseling dimensions including diagnosis, process, outcomes, interview techniques, test interpretation, and occupational information. (RC)

Bloland, Paul A.; Walker, Betty A.

1981-01-01

488

Memorial University Counselling Centre Professional Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Memorial University Counselling Centre Doctoral Professional Psychology Residency Programme 2013-2014 Accredited by the Canadian Psychological Association www of Counseling Services (IACS) www.iacsinc.org Participating Member: Canadian Council of Professional Psychology

deYoung, Brad

489

CDC Vital Signs: Alcohol Screening and Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Alcohol Screening and Counseling An effective but underused health ... for alcohol screening and counseling. Key points on alcohol consumption from the 2010 US Dietary Guidelines for ...

490

Psychological Perspectives of Buddhism: Implications for Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews psychological perspectives of Buddhism and the universal human problem and its subsequent cures that can be applied to interactions in a counseling relationship. Suggests that meditation techniques can be integrated into current counseling theories. (JAC)

Vassallo, Janice N.

1984-01-01

491

Declining Counseling Research in Counseling Psychology Journals: Is the Sky Falling?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scheel et al. note a rather precipitous decline over the past 30 years in the number and proportion of counseling-related research articles appearing in "Journal of Counseling Psychology" ("JCP") and "The Counseling Psychologist" ("TCP"). Certainly, counseling psychology as a field has changed over its 65-year history, and a great deal of that…

Lichtenberg, James W.

2011-01-01

492

A Comparative Analysis of Ethical and Professional Challenges Experienced by Australian and U.S. Genetic Counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical issues are an inevitable part of genetic counseling practice. Prior research identified 16 domains of ethical and\\u000a professional challenges encountered by practitioners in the United States. In order to further validate these domains, the\\u000a present study surveyed Australian genetic counselors. Sixty-three respondents rated the frequency with which they encountered\\u000a each domain, and 39 individuals also provided personal anecdotes detailing

Sarah Alliman; Patricia McCarthy Veach; Dianne M. Bartels; Fengqin Lian; Carolyn James; Bonnie S. LeRoy

2009-01-01

493

Motivational Counseling: Implications for Counseling Male Juvenile Sex Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Juvenile sex offenders (JSOs) often appear unmotivated to change, which thus necessitates a therapeutic approach that matches "resistant" client characteristics. In this article, the authors review common traits of JSOs, introduce motivational counseling as an effective treatment modality, and offer a case illustration. (Contains 1 table and 1…

Patel, Samir H.; Lambie, Glenn W.; Glover, Michelle Muenzenmeyer

2008-01-01

494

Marriage Counseling: A Christian Approach to Counseling Couples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes approach to marriage counseling based on cognitive behavioral therapy and structural and strategic marital therapies aimed at Christian couples. Uses shared Christian values between counselor and clients to promote increased marital commitment, marital satisfaction, and personal spiritual growth. Maintains marital satisfaction might be…

Worthington, Everett L., Jr.

1990-01-01

495

Counseling as an Art: The Creative Arts in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book counseling approaches with a variety of populations are examined using these creative arts: music; dance/movement; imagery; visual arts; literature; drama; and play and humor. It is noted that all of these arts are process-oriented, emotionally sensitive, socially directed, and awareness-focused. Chapter 1 discusses the history,…

Gladding, Samuel T.

496

Ethics, Ethical Human Research and Human Research Ethics Committees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Non-medical research involves the same issues of justice, beneficence, and respect for persons that apply to non-medical research. It also may involve risk of harm to participants, and conflicts of interest for researchers. It is therefore not possible to argue that such research should be exempt from ethical review. This paper argues that…

Lindorff, Margaret

2010-01-01

497

Multimedia Compact Disc: Play Therapy Counseling Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimedia compact discs have become an important part of counseling education. Many educators recognize the value of compact discs in training and methods of instruction. The purpose of this study was to develop an instructional compact disc and to survey counseling students' perceptions of the compact disc. Participants included 71 counseling graduate students from two universities in the southern part

Roxane L. Dufrene; Zoë Tanner

2009-01-01

498

The teaching well: Experience, education, and counselling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wellness classes based on Eastern and Western philosophical concepts were offered to graduate level counselling students as a means of helping them to integrate and clarify their views on counselling. Through experiential activities, students learned to more fully activate inner creative resources for an enhanced sense of wholeness. The concepts and methods learned have practical application to counselling.

Christopher J. Rybak; Lori a. Russell-Chapin

1998-01-01

499

Counseling Juvenile Offenders: A Program Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the results of the effectiveness of counseling services provided by the Juvenile Counseling and Assessment Program of the Juvenile Court of Clarke County, Georgia. Individual and group counseling services were provided for 55 adjudicated delinquent youths for four to six months. The recidivism rates of the youths who had received…

Kadish, Tara E.; Glaser, Brian A.; Risler, Edwin A.; Calhoun, Georgia B.

1999-01-01

500

Stress and Counseling Needs of Police Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Police officers (N=153) completed a self-report instrument measuring overt and covert anxiety, and a demographic survey exploring officers' perceptions of their need for counseling and to determine factors that predispose officers to seek counseling. Results indicated that officers would seek counseling if services were available. (RC)

Levitov, Justin E.; Thompson, Bruce

1981-01-01