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1

Group Counseling with International Students: Practical, Ethical, and Cultural Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International students in higher education represent a diverse population with unique mental health needs. Foreign students commonly experience a host of adjustment issues, including acculturative stress, language difficulties, cultural misunderstandings, racial discrimination, and loss of social support. Despite their challenges, few…

Yakunina, Elena S.; Weigold, Ingrid K.; McCarthy, Alannah S.

2011-01-01

2

[Prenatal diagnosis. Ethics - counselling.  

PubMed

During the last years great progress has been made in the field of prenatal diagnosis. The possibility of monitoring the growth, development and well being of a child in the womb is priceless and can offer the mother a sense of security regarding the pregnancy. But the growing technology leads at the same time to various questions and discussions and it is good for all those who are a part of the maternal care to think about them. Is it unquestionable to eliminate all those fetuses that are diagnosed with an abnormality of any kind? Where would such a development lead us? Are we, with the means of a continuing better technology, bit by bit "eliminating" certain groups within the society? Is it to be an unquestioned "routine" or even duty, that every woman should be subjected to those diagnoses that are possible? We have within the field of ethics many different views on those questions. One view stresses the complete freedom of abortion. Another demands that all life should be protected, and a fetus should never be terminated, even if it is sick or disabled. The author of this article wants to demonstrate the rule of the sanctity of all life, that all human life should be respected, that this rule should always be applied within the field of medicine. At the same time it should be stressed that this respect for life is not always best given by sustaining and saving all life. Death is not always the worst choise. We must evaluate each and every case, that each and every parents to be should make their own decision based on their own ethical views, after having received appropriate information, professional support and counselling. It is important that professionals deal with these matters with respect for life and respect for the parents who already have disabled children and the disabled themselves. All the prenatal diagnosis which is available may lead to that parents to be have to take difficult decisions regarding the pregnancy. It is therefore of the utmost importance that a pregnant woman and her partner should know the meaning and purpose of the prenatal care which is offered and that they are fully aware of the decisions they may have to face. If the results are not in the favor of the fetus, the couple should receive the support and care whatever their decision may be. PMID:17018988

Malmberg, Ingileif

2001-05-01

3

An Integral Approach to Counseling Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer an integral approach to counseling ethics using K. Wilber's (2000a, 2000b) integral metatheory. The article examines traditional counseling ethics through the lens of K. Wilber's (2000a, 2000b) "all-quadrants, all-levels" model, consisting of quadrants, levels, lines, states, and types. The authors begin with the 4 quadrants and…

Foster, Durwin; Black, Timothy G.

2007-01-01

4

Ethical and Spiritual Values in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a compilation of articles previously published in the journal "Counseling and Values." The follwing articles are included: (1) "Ethics and Spirituality: The Prevailing Forces Influencing the Counseling Profession" (Judith Miranti, Mary Thomas Burke); (2) "Three Contributions of a Spiritual Perspective to Counseling,…

Burke, Mary Thomas, Ed.; Miranti, Judith G., Ed.

5

Counseling Third Culture Kids.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Third Culture Kids (TCKs) represent a group of youth who have lived overseas with their families for business, service, or missionary work. The implications of living in multiple cultures, especially during the developmental and formative years of youth, warrant investigation. This study informs the US counseling community about the…

Barringer, Carolyn Fox

6

The Ethics of Prayer in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spirituality has become increasingly important in counseling, with prayer being the spiritual intervention of choice for Christian counselors. The controversial nature of including prayer in counseling requires careful consideration of ethical issues. This article addresses the intersection of spiritual interventions, particularly prayer, with…

Weld, Chet; Eriksen, Karen

2007-01-01

7

Race, Culture and Counselling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the major dimensions and subtleties underlying issues of race and culture and the impact these can have on counseling and psychotherapy relationships are explored. The context is British, but many of the issues and concerns are applicable to therapists in other societies. Chapter 1 describes the climate in which the discussion is set, a…

Lago, Colin; Thompson, Joyce

8

76 FR 71449 - Reporting Line for the Commission's Ethics Counsel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Reporting Line for the Commission's Ethics Counsel AGENCY: Securities and Exchange...that the Commission's Office of the Ethics Counsel is now a stand-alone Office...and that the head of the Office, the Ethics Counsel, reports directly to the...

2011-11-18

9

Ethical Considerations for Internet Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the advent of new technologies, the possibility for providing quality, Internet-based, therapeutic counseling services becomes more attainable and realistic every year. Since the National Board for Certified Counselors announced the adoption of voluntary standards for the practice of Internet-based counseling, a new dimension has been added…

Attridge, William C.

10

Ethical Concerns in School Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses ethical dilemmas inherent in the school setting that result from conflicts in counselor responsibilities to pupils, parents, and school. An ethical dilemma involving a pregnant student who is considering an abortion is described, and some possible counselor responses are discussed. (Author)

Huey, Wayne C.

1986-01-01

11

Virtue Ethics in School Counseling: A Framework for Decision Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtue ethics focus on the motives that guide ethical decision making and action, and as such, are critical to the competent application of the counseling profession's ethical codes. Knowledge of virtue ethics deepens understanding of moral responsibilities and ethical reasoning in professional practice. This paper is an overview of virtue ethics

Wilczenski, Felicia L.; Cook, Amy L.

2011-01-01

12

School Counseling Principles: Ethics and Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practical guide will sensitize the professional school counselor to legal and ethical issues involved in working with minors in school settings. Using a case study approach and more than 100 cases representing school counselors daily dilemmas, chapters help the reader connect the reality of school counseling to critical federal and state…

Stone, Carolyn

2006-01-01

13

Cultural Accommodation Model of Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current article provides an overview to the cultural accommodation model (CAM) of counseling (Leong & Lee, 2006) that may help guide employment counselors' work. The integrative multidimensional model of cross-cultural counseling (Leong, 1996), a precursor to the CAM, is also reviewed.

Leong, Frederick T. L.

2011-01-01

14

Ethical Fairy Tales: Using Fairy Tales as Illustrative Ethical Dilemmas with Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning to navigate ethical dilemmas is important in counseling students' training. According to the Council for the Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (2009 standards, counseling students must receive ethics education. A common goal for counselor educators is to assist students in translating ethical theory into…

Henderson, Kathryn L.; Malone, Stefanie L.

2012-01-01

15

Kitchener's Principle Ethics: Implications for Counseling Practice and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This extensive literature review examining the influence of K. S. Kitchener's (1984) introduction of principle ethics on counseling and psychology ethics notes the ultimate practicality of principle ethics. The authors maintain that although a strong influence of principle ethics in the area of counselor education emerges through the review, there…

Urofsky, Robert I.; Engels, Dennis W.; Engebretson, Ken

2008-01-01

16

Cross-Cultural Counseling Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines problems and concerns of cross cultural counseling and psychotherapy. Raises specific questions concerning research designs and approaches, differences in cosmology, epistemology, differences in nosology, and problems of evaluation or testing. (JAC)

Ahia, Chikezie Emmanuel

1984-01-01

17

Genetic testing: practical, ethical, and counseling considerations.  

PubMed

Genetic testing is becoming a much more common practice in medicine today. This presents a unique set of challenges for medical professionals in virtually all specialties. The practical aspects of determining which test to order, and in interpreting the result accurately in the context of the family history, can be difficult. Additionally, the ethical conundrums that frequently present themselves when genetic risk assessment and/or genetic testing is being considered can be daunting. These challenges present real concerns for medical professionals and patients alike. Included in this article is a review of some of the practical and ethical complexities associated with genetic testing. Pretest and posttest genetic counseling is also emphasized as an important and essential process in today's medical practice. PMID:15667031

Ensenauer, Regina E; Michels, Virginia V; Reinke, Shanda S

2005-01-01

18

Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling. Chapter 6: Special Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains chapter 6 (5 articles) of a collection of 35 articles primarily from American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) publications on the most important legal and ethical topics about which all school counselors need to be informed. "Ethical Issues Involved With the Use of Computer-Assisted Counseling, Testing, and…

Sampson, James P., Jr.; And Others

19

The Use of Bookmarks in Teaching Counseling Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article includes a description of the bookmark as a creative arts experiential strategy useful in teaching counseling ethics education. Three bookmark examples illustrate how counselors-in-training utilized bookmarks to conceptualize their counseling ethics understanding. Illustrations and written feedback from the counselors-in-training…

Warren, Jane; Zavaschi, Guilherme; Covello, Christin; Zakaria, Noor Syamilah

2012-01-01

20

Impact of human genome initiative-derived technology on genetic testing, screening and counseling: Cultural, ethical and legal issues  

SciTech Connect

Genetic medical services provided by the Georgia Division of Public Health in two northern and two central districts are compared to services provided in a district in which a tertiary care facility is located. Genetics outreach public health nurses play key roles in Georgia's system of Children's Health Services Genetics Program, including significant roles as counselors and information sources on special needs social services and support organizations. Unique features of individual health districts, (e.g., the changing face of some rural communities in ethnocultural diversity and socioeconomic character), present new challenges to current and future genetics services delivery. Preparedness as to educational needs of both health professionals and the lay population is of foremost concern in light of the ever expanding knowledge and technology in medical genetics. Perspectives on genetics and an overview of services offered by a local private sector counselor are included for comparison to state supported services. The nature of the interactions which transpire between private and public genetic services resources in Georgia will be described. A special focus of this research includes issues associated with sickle cell disease newborn screening service delivery process in Georgia, with particular attention paid to patient follow-up and transition to primary care. Of particular interest to this focus is the problem of loss to follow-up in the current system. Critical factors in education and counseling of sickle cell patients and the expectations of expanding roles of primary care physicians are discussed. The Florida approach to the delivery of genetic services contrasts to the Georgia model by placing more emphasis on a consultant-specialist team approach.

Trottier, R.W.; Hodgin, F.C.; Imara, M.; Phoenix, D.; Lybrook, S. (Morehouse Coll., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Medicine); Crandall, L.A.; Moseley, R.E.; Armotrading, D. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States). Coll. of Medicine)

1993-01-01

21

Deconstructing Counseling in a Cultural Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to five articles in this issue of "The Counseling Psychologist" concerning moving counseling to a more global perspective. States that these articles remind counselors to continually assess the cultural validity and cross-cultural generalizability of the American models of counseling for clients from other cultures. (Author/MKA)

Cheung, Fanny M.

2000-01-01

22

Cross-Cultural Counseling: A Multivariate Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complexity of the cross-cultural counseling and psychotherapy encounter is examined, with particular reference to four prominent variables: (1) views of mental health; (2) goals of counseling; (3) roles of counseling participants; and (4) counseling strategies. (Author/MJB)

Ridley, Charles R.

1978-01-01

23

The "ACA Code of Ethics": Articulating Counseling's Professional Covenant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "ACA Code of Ethics" (American Counseling Association, 2005) is an articulation of the ever-changing relationship between counseling professionals and society. It provides clear parameters of behaviors to meet the changing needs of the people counselors are called to serve. This article reviews the 2005 "Code" as both a statement of counselor…

Ponton, Richard F.; Duba, Jill D.

2009-01-01

24

Ethical Dilemmas in College Counseling Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a survey of ethical dilemmas faced by college counselors are presented. Findings and implications are discussed as they relate to types and frequencies of ethical dilemmas encountered and how they are resolved. A typical ethical dilemma is described. (Author)

Hayman, Peter M.; Covert, Joy A.

1986-01-01

25

Cultural and Diversity Issues in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling has been culturally diversified for a long time, but only in recent years have counselors become aware of their clients' cultural diversity. This collection of articles addresses a growing need for specific information on multicultural concerns in counseling. The emphasis here is on the importance of the client and client's special…

Pedersen, Paul B., Ed.; Locke, Don C., Ed.

26

Ethical Dilemmas in Counseling Elderly Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors work with elderly adults in various health care settings. Often an ethical dilemma arises between client autonomy and counselor beneficence. A case history approach using a critical-evaluative model as a strategy for analysis and resolution of the ethical dilemma is presented. (Author)

Fitting, Melinda Dell

1986-01-01

27

Ethical Issues in Counseling \\/ Book Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the late 1970s, the professions have paid increased attention to ethical issues. Professions as diverse as law, medicine, engineering, business, journalism, nursing, law enforcement, psychology, and social work have taken a keen interest in the ethical dimensions of practice.

Frederic G. Reamer

1991-01-01

28

Law and Ethics for Practitioners in Counseling and Guidance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses pertinent aspects of law and ethics as they relate to practitioners in counseling and guidance. Identifies major areas and cites cases that involve civil liability litigation. Also discusses the rights of minors in cases dealing with child abuse and abortion. (ML)

Hummel, Dean L.

1985-01-01

29

Counseling College Students with Disabilities: Legal, Ethical, and Clinical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guides college counselors who provide services to students with disabilities through pertinent legal, ethical, and clinical considerations. Counseling these students requires counselors to become sensitive to their unique issues and concerns. Of college students, 10% self-report a disability that substantially limits one or more major life…

Corrigan, Margaret J.

1998-01-01

30

Genetic counseling and ethical issues for autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exciting progress is being made in the journey toward discovery of genes conferring risk for autism and autism spectrum disorders. Currently, genetic counseling for idiopathic autism rests on clinical diagnosis and empiric risk estimates. While no genetic test for risk of autism currently exists, it is possible that such a test may emerge in the near future, and that commercial

William M. McMahon; Bonnie Jeanne Baty; Jeffrey Botkin

2006-01-01

31

Value Analysis: A Model of Personal and Professional Ethics in Marriage and Family Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents Ethics Model of Marriage and Family Counseling and its underlying assumptions. Analyzes six basic counseling values in relation to microsystems of counselor and client, mesosystem of counseling process, and societal value context as the macrosystem. Utilizes discussion of suicide to apply these values to the model. Includes 17 references.…

Thomas, Volker

1994-01-01

32

CO 730 Advanced Issues in Cross-Cultural Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dwairy, Marwan Adeeb, Cross-cultural Counseling: the Arab-Palestinian case, New York: Haworth Press, 1998 Pedersen, Paul et al. Counseling Across Cultures. California: Sage Publications, 2001 Sue and Sue, Counseling the Culturally Diverse New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2002. Mucherera, Tapiwa N. Pastoral Care From a Third World Perspective: A Pastoral Theology of Care from an Urban Contemporary Shona in Zimbabwe

Tapiwa N. Mucherera

2004-01-01

33

CO 730 Advanced Issues in Cross-Cultural Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dwairy, Marwan Adeeb, Cross-cultural Counseling: the Arab-Palestinian case, New York: Haworth Press, 1998 Pedersen, Paul et al. Counseling Across Cultures. California: Sage Publications, 2001 Sue and Sue, Counseling the Culturally Different New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1999. Mucherera, Tapiwa N. Pastoral Care From a Third World Perspective: A Pastoral Theology of Care from an Urban Contemporary Shona in Zimbabwe

Tapiwa N. Mucherera

2003-01-01

34

CO 730 Advanced Issues in Cross-Cultural Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Readings: Required Dwairy, Marwan Adeeb, Cross-cultural Counseling: the Arab-Palestinian case, New York: Haworth Press, 1998 Pedersen, Paul et al. Counseling Across Cultures. California: Sage Publications, 2001 Sue and Sue, Counseling the Culturally Diverse New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2002. Mucherera, Tapiwa N. Pastoral Care From a Third World Perspective: A Pastoral Theology of Care from an Urban Contemporary Shona

Tapiwa N. Mucherera

2006-01-01

35

CO 730 Advanced Issues in Cross-Cultural Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Readings: Required Dwairy, Marwan Adeeb, Cross-cultural Counseling: the Arab-Palestinian case, New York: Haworth Press, 1998 Pedersen, Paul et al. Counseling Across Cultures. California: Sage Publications, 2001 Sue and Sue, Counseling the Culturally Diverse New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2002. Mucherera, Tapiwa N. Pastoral Care From a Third World Perspective: A Pastoral Theology of Care from an Urban Contemporary Shona

Tapiwa N. Mucherera

2005-01-01

36

Impact of human genome initiative-derived technology on genetic testing, screening and counseling: Cultural, ethical and legal issues. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

Genetic medical services provided by the Georgia Division of Public Health in two northern and two central districts are compared to services provided in a district in which a tertiary care facility is located. Genetics outreach public health nurses play key roles in Georgia`s system of Children`s Health Services Genetics Program, including significant roles as counselors and information sources on special needs social services and support organizations. Unique features of individual health districts, (e.g., the changing face of some rural communities in ethnocultural diversity and socioeconomic character), present new challenges to current and future genetics services delivery. Preparedness as to educational needs of both health professionals and the lay population is of foremost concern in light of the ever expanding knowledge and technology in medical genetics. Perspectives on genetics and an overview of services offered by a local private sector counselor are included for comparison to state supported services. The nature of the interactions which transpire between private and public genetic services resources in Georgia will be described. A special focus of this research includes issues associated with sickle cell disease newborn screening service delivery process in Georgia, with particular attention paid to patient follow-up and transition to primary care. Of particular interest to this focus is the problem of loss to follow-up in the current system. Critical factors in education and counseling of sickle cell patients and the expectations of expanding roles of primary care physicians are discussed. The Florida approach to the delivery of genetic services contrasts to the Georgia model by placing more emphasis on a consultant-specialist team approach.

Trottier, R.W.; Hodgin, F.C.; Imara, M.; Phoenix, D.; Lybrook, S. [Morehouse Coll., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Medicine] [Morehouse Coll., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Medicine; Crandall, L.A.; Moseley, R.E.; Armotrading, D. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States). Coll. of Medicine] [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States). Coll. of Medicine

1993-03-01

37

Counselling in the enterprise culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way in which therapeutic models and language have been dravm upon to provide support for concepts of human flexibility and ‘human resource development’ in the enterprise culture ofthe 1980s and 1990s is described. The use ofhumane managerial rhetoric to mask the practice of increasingly ruthless public and private-sector organisations, and the dilemmas posedfor counsellors operating within these kinds of

Anne-Marie Cummins; Paul Hoggett

1995-01-01

38

Understanding unethical behavior by unraveling ethical culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unethical behavior in the workplace is a widespread phenomenon. In this article a model for the ethical culture of organizations that consists of eight dimensions is employed to explain unethical behavior. The sample was composed of 341 triads consisting of a manager and two direct reports. The results show that six dimensions of ethical culture were negatively related to observed

Muel Kaptein

2011-01-01

39

Ethical Business Cultures: A Literature Review and Implications for HRD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review identifies characteristics of ethical business cultures, describes factors, considered to be important in developing such cultures, describes current practices of developing ethical culture programs, and discusses the role of HRD in developing ethical business cultures. We argue that ethical thinking and behavior can be…

Ardichvili, Alexandre; Jondle, Douglas

2009-01-01

40

Cultural Values, Counseling Stigma, and Intentions to Seek Counseling among Asian American College Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored the extent to which Asian American college women's perceived stigma about counseling mediated the relationship between their adherence to Asian cultural values and intentions to seek counseling, Participants, 201 Asian American college women (age range = 18-24 years), completed measures of Asian cultural values, perceived…

Miville, Marie L.; Constantine, Madonna G.

2007-01-01

41

A Culture of Ethical Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Becoming an ethical leader requires a personal journey toward integrity and a public commitment to a common good. This begins with claiming one's core values, finding a personal voice, developing a vision, and consciously aligning one's attitudes and beliefs with one's actions and behaviors. In the process, ethical leaders create spaces where…

Dufresne, Peter; McKenzie, Anne S.

2009-01-01

42

East and West: Transpersonal Psychology and Cross-Cultural Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines cross-cultural counseling (especially Western counselor-Eastern client) within a transpersonal psychological framework. Presents meta-model that allows counselors to adopt attitudes that transcend cultural differences. Notes that benefit of such a model to counselors would be superordinate framework in which various, specific counseling

Benesch, Kevin F.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.

1989-01-01

43

Spiritual and Ethical Beliefs of Humanists in the Counseling Profession.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed humanist counselors (N=158) on selected spiritual and ethical beliefs. Results indicated that ethical/spiritual pluralism best characterized the humanists' stance. Discusses findings within context of historical and contemporary school of humanism. (Author/ABL)

Goud, Nelson

1990-01-01

44

Duration, Satisfaction, and Perceived Effectiveness of Cross- Cultural Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined relationship between cultural dissimilarity and duration, satisfaction, and perceived effectiveness of counseling in treatment dyads that varied race of counselor and client. Results indicated White counselors provided fewer sessions than non-White counselors and non-White clients expressed less satisfaction with counseling, regardless of…

Neimeyer, Greg J.; Gonzales, Michael

1983-01-01

45

Ethics and the Use of Technology in Rehabilitation Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standards for technology ethics were first introduced into the "Code of Professional Ethics for Rehabilitation Counselors" in 2002. Since that time, the proliferation of technology has enhanced practice, changed the American vernacular, and become infused in the delivery of services to and teaching of individuals, families, and groups. The 2010…

Barros-Bailey, Mary; Saunders, Jodi L.

2010-01-01

46

Copying and Coping Conceptualizations of Language: Counseling and the Ethic of Appreciation for Human Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author takes the position that the foundational value of the counseling profession is an ethic of appreciation for human differences. The professional tool that is used to actualize this value is language. In this regard, the philosophical distinction between copying and coping conceptualizations of language is overviewed. The author argues…

Hansen, James T.

2008-01-01

47

Development of the Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present the development of the Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale (ELICSES). The purpose of this article is threefold: (a) present a rationale for the ELICSES, (b) review statistical analysis procedures used to develop the ELICSES, and (c) offer implications for future research and counselor education.

Mullen, Patrick R.; Lambie, Glenn W.; Conley, Abigail H.

2014-01-01

48

Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling. Chapter 4: The School Counselor and Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains chapter 4 (7 articles) of a collection of 35 articles primarily from American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) publications on the most important legal and ethical topics about which all school counselors need to be informed. "School Counselors and the Reporting of Child Abuse: A Survey of State Laws and…

Camblin, Lanthan D., Jr.; And Others

49

EFFECTIVENESS IN CROSS-CULTURAL COUNSELING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY: A FRAMEWORK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers some perspectives to enhance effectiveness in cross-cultural counseling and psychotherapy encounters. A major assumption is that a coherent orientation is needed that organizes the human experience in the context of individual world views within the framework of existential categories. The parameters of cultural awareness and therapeutic cross-cultural relationships are also discussed.

Farah A. Ibrahim

1985-01-01

50

Cultural Considerations in Counseling Couples Who Experience Infertility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infertility creates challenges affecting various aspects of couples' intimate lives. Practices regarding reproduction are often shaped by cultural messages. Culturally sensitive treatment methods help counselors provide effective therapy to couples with fertility problems. This article describes cultural influences, challenges, and counseling

Burnett, Judith A.

2009-01-01

51

Nursing ethics, caring and culture.  

PubMed

Recent years have witnessed the publication of numerous articles that draw a critical alignment between ethics and caring. In essence, this theme suggests that caring is a moral pursuit centred on the beneficent attention of one person shown to another. Yet, if such language is to have real poignancy, it must be geared towards an inclusive agenda that meets the needs of all within the community. Research evidence suggests that this is not always the case, especially in terms of the care offered to members of minority ethnic groups. This article will focus on the findings of a qualitative research study that explored the expectations and perceived experiences of nursing care among members of the Pakistani community in Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK. The findings suggest that nurses should develop a more informed narrative that readily reflects the needs of the Pakistani community. PMID:12572763

Cortis, Joseph D; Kendrick, Kevin

2003-01-01

52

Counseling and the Law: A Cross-Cultural Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how counselors are challenged to both demonstrate ethical standards of the profession and abide by the law, particularly since mental health and legal systems represent two different cultures. Notes overlapping or common elements of each culture, identifies differing elements of each culture, and provides recommendations for the two…

Rowley, William J.; MacDonald, Don

2001-01-01

53

Infusing Cultural Competence and Advocacy into Strength-Based Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strength-based counseling represents a welcome shift from prevailing deficit perspectives. However, the literature often treats enhancing strengths as an acultural concept, minimizing or ignoring the essential role of culture in forming and defining strengths. Integrating cultural competence and advocacy into strength-based practice is examined as…

Grothaus, Tim; McAuliffe, Garett; Craigen, Laurie

2012-01-01

54

Assessing and Promoting Cultural Relativism in Students of Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multicultural counseling is often promoted as a core element in counselor development. As such, educational efforts aim to increase counselors' cultural relativism, or their ability to recognize their own enculturation and to appreciate the value of other cultural norms. This mixed qualitative-quantitative study explored the relationship between…

Mcauliffe, Garrett John; Grothaus, Tim; Jensen, Margaret; Michel, Rebecca

2012-01-01

55

Culturally Sensitive Mentoring for Asian International Students in Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With growing attention to the internationalization of counseling psychology in the past decade, discussion on effective training of international students is much-needed. In order to provide effective mentorship to international students, the mentor needs to be aware of specific challenges faced by international students and cultural differences…

Park-Saltzman, Jeeseon; Wada, Kaori; Mogami, Tamiko

2012-01-01

56

Appraising Cultural Identity in Career-Development Assessment and Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career-Development Assessment and Counseling (C-DAC) uses a comprehensive assessment battery to help clients explore their roles, developmental stages and tasks, career attitudes and knowledge, value, and interests within their unique life contexts. Recommends elaborating C-DAC model to formally appraise cultural identity and to coincide identity…

Hartung, Paul J.; Vandiver, Beverly J.; Leong, Frederick T. L.; Pope, Mark; Niles, Spencer G.; Farrow, Beverly

1998-01-01

57

Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling with Gay and Lesbian Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the current knowledge regarding the provision of culturally appropriate career services to gay and lesbian clients. It is divided into 5 parts: (1) history and context for the delivery of career counseling services to gay and lesbian clients; (2) counselor self-preparation for working with gay and lesbian clients; (3)…

Pope, Mark; Barret, Bob; Szymanski, Dawn M.; Chung, Y. Barry; Singaravelu, Hernia; Mclean, Ron; Sanabria, Samuel

2004-01-01

58

Counseling Across Cultures. UMHE Monograph Series, Number 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling across cultures can present many problems for the White American counselor. It is important that the counselor understand the subculture in order to meet the needs of minority clients. In dealing with Black Americans, the counselor must consider issues of racism and religion. When working with Mexican-Americans, the counselor must often…

Leslie, Robert C.

59

Enron Ethics (Or: Culture Matters More than Codes)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes and discusses the Enron Corporation debacle. The paper presents the business ethics background and leadership mechanisms affecting Enron's collapse and eventual bankruptcy. Through a systematic analysis of the organizational culture at Enron (following Schein's frame of reference) the paper demonstrates how the company's culture had profound effects on the ethics of its employees.

Ronald R. Sims; Johannes Brinkmann

2003-01-01

60

Cultural context in medical ethics: lessons from Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines two topics in Japanese medical ethics: non-disclosure of medical information by Japanese physicians, and the history of human rights abuses by Japanese physicians during World War II. These contrasting issues show how culture shapes our view of ethically appropriate behavior in medicine. An understanding of cultural context reveals that certain practices, such as withholding diagnostic information from

Tia Powell

2006-01-01

61

A preventive ethics approach to counseling patients about clinical futility in the primary care setting.  

PubMed

Given the current themes of futility and managed care in medicine and bioethics, the primary care setting needs to account for how to address futility. We argue for applying the concept of clinical futility to primary care medicine. A preventive ethics approach directs the primary care physician to explain and counsel against futile interventions, with a negotiation strategy for circumstances of disagreement. These efforts will require primary care physicians to concentrate their efforts on education, negotiation, and enhanced trust in their patient relationships. Using a preventive ethics approach in these circumstances, the physician can better protect the interests of the patient by avoiding nonbeneficial interventions, especially those that also are potentially harmful. PMID:8930232

Doukas, D J; McCullough, L B

1996-01-01

62

The effects of culture on ethical decision-making: An application of Hofstede's typology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses a significant gap in the conceptualization of business ethics within different cultural influences. Though theoretical models of business ethics have recognized the importance of culture in ethical decision-making, few have examinedhow this influences ethical decision-making. Therefore, this paper develops propositions concerning the influence of various cultural dimensions on ethical decision-making using Hofstede's typology.

Scott J. Vitell; Saviour L. Nwachukwu; James H. Barnes

1993-01-01

63

HIV/AIDS Counselling Telefonico in Ambito Transculturale (HIV/AIDS Phone Counselling in Trans Cultural Context).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work provides an overview of cross-cultural telephone counselling on HIV and AIDS conducted by the AIDS Phone Counselling Unit (TVA, Telefono Verde AIDS) of the Istituto Superiore di Sanita (Italian National Institute of Health) in the years 2007-200...

A. Colucci E. Lichtner F. Botta P. Gallo V. Di Sarno

2009-01-01

64

Ethical Issues in Cross-Cultural Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The gap between theoretical expectations of research ethics as outlined in the bureaucratic processes associated with University Ethics Committees and the situated realities of students undertaking studies within their own sociocultural contexts is explored in this paper. In particular, the authors investigate differences in ethical norms and…

Honan, Eileen; Hamid, M. Obaidul; Alhamdan, Bandar; Phommalangsy, Phouvanh; Lingard, Bob

2013-01-01

65

Cultural safety: a vital element for nursing ethics.  

PubMed

This paper argues that the globalisation of nursing and the internationalisation of nursing education have lead to Western values being embedded into nursing curricula in nations where the cultural values and beliefs may be based in quite different philosophies. It argues for critical examination of assumptions underpinning ethics education in nursing and proposes that the principles of cultural safety need to be incorporated into ethics education to create a culturally safe ethic for both nurses and patients in a multicultural healthcare environment. PMID:23691756

Harding, Thomas

2013-03-01

66

Counselling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Any discussion of counselling and social work has to consider a range of overlap- ping aspects of the relationship between the two areas of work. First, social work and counselling are two very different activities but often they are carried out in parallel. The same service user may require social work and counselling interven- tions. For example, Prior et al.

Janet Seden

2007-01-01

67

Culturally Relevant Counseling Services for Korean American Children: A Systematic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Korean-American children's unique cultural and psychosocial needs and offers a counseling model that may be useful for this population. Presents an identity development model that may be used to identify children who may benefit from the counseling model and suggests specific counseling recommendations and implications for elementary…

Kim, Bryan S. K.; And Others

1996-01-01

68

Cultural safety as an ethic of care: a praxiological process.  

PubMed

New writings broadening the construct of cultural safety, a construct initiated in Aotearoa New Zealand, are beginning to appear in the literature. Therefore, it is considered timely to integrate these writings and advance the construct into a new theoretical model. The new model reconfigures the constructs of cultural safety and cultural competence as an ethic of care informed by a postmodern perspective. Central to the new model are three interwoven, co-occurring components: an ethic of care, which unfolds within a praxiological process shaped by the context. Context is expanded through identifying the three concepts of relationality, generic competence, and collectivity, which are integral to each client-nurse encounter. The competence associated with cultural safety as an ethic of care is always in the process of development. Clients and nurses engage in a dialogue to establish the level of cultural safety achieved at given points in a care trajectory. PMID:21844246

McEldowney, Rose; Connor, Margaret J

2011-10-01

69

Business ethics across cultures: A social cognitive model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a social cognitive model that identifies, defines and relates key comprehensive factors that impact on business ethical standards and conduct across cultures. In particular, national cultures serve as the social foundation for generating and shaping in a triadically interacting manner institutional, organizational, and personal factors. The model predicts that these three antecedent factors combine to influence the

Alexander D. Stajkovic; Fred Luthans

1997-01-01

70

In the Therapist's Chair Is Clemmont E. Vontress: A Wounded Healer in Cross-Cultural Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this interview, Clemmont E. Vontress, a pioneer of cross-cultural counseling, reflects on his life and work. He shares personal stories about the people and events in his life that had a major impact on his theory formulation; research and clinical work; and publications in culture, race, ethnicity, and counseling.

Moodley, Roy

2010-01-01

71

Critical Issues in Cross-Cultural Counseling Research: Case Example of an Ongoing Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cross-cultural counseling practice is characterized by a proliferation of opinions without empirical substantiation. Most research in this area is based on survey or analog studies that do not address practice issues in terms of outcome or actual clinical process. The authors examine issues in cross-cultural counseling and research, using…

Tsang, A. Ka Tat; Bogo, Marion; George, Usha

2003-01-01

72

Trial Counsel and Defense Counsel Handbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook provides guidance to trial and defense counsel in all aspects of court-martial practices. Part I provides detailed procedures for trial and defense counsel that will ensure efficient and thorough compliance with counsel's legal and ethical d...

1993-01-01

73

Trial Counsel and Defense Counsel Handbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook provides guidance to trial and defense counsel in all aspects of court-martial practices. Part I provides detailed procedures for trial and defense counsel that will ensure efficient and thorough compliance with counsel's legal and ethical d...

1992-01-01

74

Respect for cultural diversity in bioethics is an ethical imperative.  

PubMed

The field of bioethics continues to struggle with the problem of cultural diversity: can universal principles guide ethical decision making, regardless of the culture in which those decisions take place? Or should bioethical principles be derived from the moral traditions of local cultures? Ten Have and Gordijn (Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14:1-3, 2011) and Bracanovic (Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14:229-236, 2011) defend the universalist position, arguing that respect for cultural diversity in matters ethical will lead to a dangerous cultural relativity where vulnerable patients and research subjects will be harmed. We challenge the premises of moral universalism, showing how this approach imports and imposes moral notions of Western society and leads to harm in non-western cultures. PMID:22955969

Chattopadhyay, Subrata; De Vries, Raymond

2013-11-01

75

Chinese Confucian culture and the medical ethical tradition.  

PubMed Central

The Confucian culture, rich in its contents and great in its significance, exerted on the thinking, culture and political life of ancient China immense influences, unparalleled by any other school of thought or culture. Confucian theories on morality and ethics, with 'goodness' as the core and 'rites' as the norm, served as the 'key notes' of the traditional medical ethics of China. The viewpoints of Confucianism on benevolence and material interests, on good and evil, on kindheartedness, and on character cultivation were all inherited by the medical workers and thus became prominent in Chinese traditional medical ethics. Hence, it is clear that the medical profession and Confucianism have long shared common goals in terms of ethics. Influenced by the excellent Confucian thinking and culture, a rather highly-developed system of Chinese traditional medical ethics emerged with a well-defined basic content, and the system has been followed and amended by medical professionals of all generations throughout Chinese history. This system, just to mention briefly, contains concepts such as the need: to attach great importance to the value of life; to do one's best to rescue the dying and to heal the wounded; to show concern to those who suffer from diseases; to practise medicine with honesty; to study medical skills painstakingly; to oppose a careless style of work; to comfort oneself in a dignified manner; to respect local customs and to be polite; to treat patients, noble or humble, equally, and to respect the academic achievements of others, etc. Of course, at the same time, Confucian culture has its own historical and class limitations, which exerted negative influences on traditional medical ethics. Now, if we are to keep up with the development of modern medicine, a serious topic must be addressed. That is how to retain the essence of our traditional medical ethics so as to maintain historic continuity and yet, at the same time, add on the new contents of medical ethics so as to incorporate modern features into our system. Therefore, when trying to reform medical practice in China, we are faced with the urgent need to inherit and promulgate the essence of Confucian ethics--discarding its obsolete concepts--while at the same time building up the new medical ethics that can meet the requirements of the outside world and the future.

Guo, Z

1995-01-01

76

The Ethics and Culture of Peace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article some new challenges to existing conceptions of local and national identity are examined in the context of higher education. The role of ethics is reaffirmed, particularly in that they may have the requisite tendency to appreciate tolerance, to favour reconciliation, and to lead peoples of different or opposing views to dialogue. As…

Hechiche, Abdelwahab

2004-01-01

77

Cultural Effects on Business Students' Ethical Decisions: A Chinese versus American Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used a corporate code of ethics to create 18 scenarios for examining cultural effects on ethical decisions of Chinese versus American business students. Four cultural differences were hypothesized to contribute to overall less ethical decisions of Chinese students. The results support the hypothesis and indicate strong cultural effects…

Li, Sherry F.; Persons, Obeua S.

2011-01-01

78

MB 750 Values And Ethics In Cross-Cultural Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Strange Virtues by Bernard Adeney (1995) 2. Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe (1959) 3. Ethics and World Religions: Cross-Cultural Case Studies By Regina W. Wolfe and Christine E. Gudorf (1999) 4. Mystic Endowment: Religious Ethnography of the Warao Indians. By Johannes Wilbert (1993) 5. A reading packet to be obtained from the ESJ School of World Mission and

Michael A. Rynkiewich

2004-01-01

79

MB 750 Values and Ethics in Cross-Cultural Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reading Packet: a. Bonhoeffer, Dietrich 1955 [1949] “The Love of God and the Decay of the World,” Chapter 1 of Ethics edited by Eberhard Bethge. New York: Collier Books, Macmillan Publishing Company. Pp. 17-54. b. Benedict, Ruth 1961 [1934] “The Nature of Society,” Chapter 7 in Patterns of Culture. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. Pp. 223-250. c. Lee, Dorothy 1987 [1959

Michael A. Rynkiewich

2004-01-01

80

MS 672 Values And Ethics In Cross-Cultural Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Strange Virtues by Bernard Adeney (1995) 2. Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe (1959) 3. Ethics and World Religions: Cross-Cultural Case Studies By Regina W. Wolfe and Christine E. Gudorf (1999) 4. Mystic Endowment: Religious Ethnography of the Warao Indians. By Johannes Wilbert (1993) 5. A reading packet to be obtained from the ESJ School of World Mission and

Michael A. Rynkiewich

2004-01-01

81

Ethical concerns: comparison of values from two cultures.  

PubMed

The present study was a secondary analysis of data from two phenomenological studies of nurses in the USA and Japan. The study incorporated hermeneutics and feminist methodologies to answer the following questions. Are there common values and ethical concerns and values within the nursing cultures of Japan and the USA? What are some commonalities and differences between Japanese nurses' ethical concerns and those of American nurses? Findings indicated that nurses from the USA and Japan share common values and ethical concerns as professional nurses, including competence, respect for the patient as a person, responsibility, relationship and connection, importance of the family, caring, good death, comfort, truth-telling, understanding the patient/situation, and anticipatory care. Although ethical concerns are similar, related background meanings and actions often look different between cultures; truth-telling is described as an example. Nurses in each country also hold unique values not found in the nursing practice of the other country. Understanding these commonalities and differences is critical for the development of global nursing ethics. PMID:15130099

Wros, Peggy L; Doutrich, Dawn; Izumi, Shigeko

2004-06-01

82

European American Therapist Self-Disclosure in Cross-Cultural Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven European American psychotherapists' use of self-disclosure in cross-cultural counseling was studied using consensual qualitative research. As reasons for self-disclosing, therapists reported the intent to enhance the counseling relationship, acknowledge the role of racism/oppression in clients' lives, and acknowledge their own…

Burkard, Alan W.; Knox, Sarah; Groen, Michael; Perez, Maria; Hess, Shirley A.

2006-01-01

83

Religion, Ethnicity, Culture, Way of Life: Jews, Muslims, and Multicultural Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jews and Muslims represent 2 unique cultural groups that have been relatively under-examined by multicultural counseling scholars. In this article, the authors review the recent literature on Jews and Muslims, synthesize and discuss the commonalities across these 2 groups, provide some recommendations for counseling members of these populations,…

Schlosser, Lewis Z.; Ali, Saba Rasheed; Ackerman, Sandra R.; Dewey, J. Jane H.

2009-01-01

84

A Counselling Model for Young Women in the United Arab Emirates: Cultural Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although all modalities of therapy work equally well, some models are better suited to work with specific populations. This article outlines a rationale for a counselling model used for female college students in the United Arab Emirates where the concept of counselling is not well known, and where the social and cultural organizations demand a…

Lambert, Louise

2008-01-01

85

The Intersection of Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Social Class in Counseling: Examining Selves in Cultural Contexts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of counselors considering the intersection of multiple cultural identities in working with clients. The article serves as an introduction to the special issue, Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Social Class in Counseling, of the "Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development." (Contains 28 references.) (GCP)

Constantine, Madonna G.

2002-01-01

86

Metacognition and Multicultural Competence: Expanding the Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, authors focus on the significance of the counselor's cultural contexts in effective career interventions vis-a-vis the incorporation of multicultural metacognition. They briefly summarize and critique extant career counseling models for racial/ethnic minority clients and then describe an expanded model for career counseling that…

Byars-Winston, Angela M.; Fouad, Nadya A.

2006-01-01

87

The cultural specifity of research ethics--or why ethical debate in France is different.  

PubMed

In the search for a globally binding ethical minimal consensus in dealing with research on human beings the awareness of the cultural specificity of such questions will be of central importance. France provides a good example of such cultural specificities. Three basic structures of French discussion on research ethics can be enumerated: first the particular weight placed on therapeutic benefit, second a particular accentuation on freedom and voluntarism, and third its lesser attention to the aspect of ability to give consent. The weak emphasis on the ability to give consent is rooted as much in the traditionally paternalistically imbued physician-patient relationship as in the French legal system, in which the doctrine of consent is not given the fundamental position of importance found in the Anglo-Saxon countries. As an important Roman country, a different accentuation in the ethical discussion on research on humans can be recognised, a discussion in which for a long time the right of self determination was less of a criterion for decision than the teleology of medical action. It is precisely this aspect of latent cultural influence in ethical convictions which is of decisive importance for future discussion on research on humans. PMID:12042397

Maio, G

2002-06-01

88

A Comparative Study Of Ethical Values Of Business Students: American Vs. Middle Eastern Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business schools must prepare students to face the world and yet maintain strong ethical convictions. The question of ethics in the business environment is not exclusive to the United States. Ethical business behavior is a multinational issue, and all business schools world-wide must deal with this issue. However, cultural differences often define acceptable ethical behavior. For example, the acceptable amount

Michael Shurden; Douglass Cagwin

89

Continuing the Cultural Liberation and Transformation of Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The multicultural movement has been and continues to represent a major force that is transforming the mental health professions. The field of counseling psychology has been particularly important in promoting many of these transformative changes. Over the past three decades, multicultural advocates in counseling psychology have expanded our…

D'Andrea, Michael

2005-01-01

90

Counseling Muslim Women: Navigating Cultural and Religious Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors consider strategies for counseling female Muslim clients. First, they review general beliefs and practices of Muslims in the United States. Through the use of a case study, they illustrate a collaborative method of counseling Muslim women that is based on a trusting client-counselor relationship.

Cook-Masaud, Carema; Wiggins, Marsha I.

2011-01-01

91

Duration, Satisfaction, and Perceived Effectiveness of Cross-Cultural Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is generally acknowledged that racial groups differ in their values, beliefs and behaviors as well as counseling needs, but evidence is mixed as to the effects of racial differences in the counseling process. A sample of 70 clients participated in a study to examine the differences in the duration, satisfaction, and effectiveness resulting from…

Neimeyer, Greg J.; Gonzales, Michael

92

An Organizational Framework for Understanding the Role of Culture in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a direction for cross-cultural training and research different from the traditional ones which emphasize differences between groups and the need to develop culture-specific techniques. Delineates a conceptual model which provides an integrative framework for understanding the role of culture in counseling. Draws on work in transpersonal…

Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Benesch, Kevin F.

1988-01-01

93

The Vocational Significance of Black Identity: Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Assessment and Career Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholarship is emerging on intervention models that purposefully attend to cultural variables throughout the career assessment and career counseling process. One heuristic model that offers promise to advance culturally relevant vocational practice with African Americans is the Outline for Cultural Formulation (CF). This article explicates the…

Byars-Winston, Angela

2010-01-01

94

An examination of the ethical beliefs of managers using selected scenarios in a cross-cultural environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic literature addressing the topic of business ethics has paid little attention to cross-cultural studies of business ethics. Uncertainty exists concerning the effect of culture on ethical beliefs. The purpose of this research is to compare the ethical beliefs of managers operating in South Africa and Australia. Responses of 52 managers to a series of ethical scenarios were sought. Results

Russell Abratt; Deon Nel; Nicola Susan Higgs

1992-01-01

95

AAPI college students' willingness to seek counseling: The role of culture, stigma, and attitudes.  

PubMed

This study tested 4 theoretically and empirically derived structural equation models of Asian, Asian American, and Pacific Islanders' willingness to seek counseling with a sample of 278 college students. The models represented competing hypotheses regarding the manner in which Asian cultural values, European American cultural values, public stigma, stigma by close others, self-stigma, and attitudes toward seeking professional help related to willingness to seek counseling. We found that Asian and European American cultural values differentially related to willingness to seek counseling indirectly through specific indirect pathways (public stigma, stigma by close others, self-stigma, and attitudes toward seeking professional help). Our results also showed that the magnitude of model-implied relationships did not vary as a function of generational status. Study limitations, future directions for research, and implications for counseling are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25019538

Choi, Na-Yeun; Miller, Matthew J

2014-07-01

96

Teaching ethics: when respect for autonomy and cultural sensitivity collide.  

PubMed

Respect for autonomy is a key ethical principle. However, in some cultures other moral domains such as community (emphasizing the importance of family roles) and sanctity (emphasizing the sacred and the spiritual side of human nature) hold equal value. Thus, an American physician may sometimes perceive a conflict between the desire to practice ethically and the wish to be sensitive to the mores of other cultures. For example, a woman may appear to be making what the physician thinks is a bad clinical choice because her spouse is speaking on her behalf. That physician may find it difficult to reconcile the sense that the patient had not exercised freely her autonomy with the desire to be culturally sensitive. In this article, the means by which a physician can reconcile respect for other cultures with respect for autonomy is explored. The question of whether physicians must always defer to patients' requests solely because they are couched in the language of cultural sensitivity is also addressed. PMID:24176896

Minkoff, Howard

2014-04-01

97

Applying the Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Counseling with Latinas/os  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present two hypothetical cases, one of a Mexican American female college student and one of a Mexican immigrant adult male, and apply a culturally sensitive approach to career assessment and career counseling with each of these clients. Drawing from Leong, Hardin, and Gupta's cultural formulation approach (CFA) to…

Flores, Lisa Y.; Ramos, Karina; Kanagui, Marlen

2010-01-01

98

Broaching the Subjects of Race, Ethnicity, and Culture during the Counseling Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors define "broaching" as the counselor's ability to consider how sociopolitical factors such as race influence the client's counseling concerns. The counselor must learn to recognize the cultural meaning clients attach to phenomena and to subsequently translate that cultural knowledge into meaningful practice that facilitates client…

Day-Vines, Norma L.; Wood, Susannah M.; Grothaus, Tim; Craigen, Laurie; Holman, Angela; Dotson-Blake, Kylie; Douglass, Marcy J.

2007-01-01

99

Culture-Specific Assets to Consider when Counseling Latina/o Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strength-based cultural considerations for counseling Latina/o children and adolescents are not well articulated in the literature. Furthermore, research and demographic data indicate concerns for Latinas/os, such as acculturative stress and discrimination. This article describes treatment applications focused on Latina/o youth's cultural

Villalba, Jose A., Jr.

2007-01-01

100

Developing Cultural Competence and Overcoming Ethical Challenges in the Informed Consent Process: An Experience from Egypt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is conducted in a variety of cultural settings. Ethical standards developed in Europe and the Americas are increasingly applied in these settings, many of which are culturally different from the countries in which these standards originated. To overcome these cultural differences, investigators may be tempted to deviate from ethical

Abdel-Messih, Ibrahim Adib; El-Setouhy, Maged; Crouch, Michael M.; Earhart, Kenneth C.

2008-01-01

101

Culturally-Focused Batterer Counseling for African-American Men.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In many major urban areas, African-American men comprise at least half of the men arrested for domestic violence and referred to 'batterer' educational or counseling programs. The dropout and re-arrest rates of these men tend to be higher than those for w...

E. W. Gondolf

2005-01-01

102

The Use of DSM-IV in Family Counseling: Ethical Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the ethical dilemmas encountered by family counselors using the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM). Numerous authors have emphasized that the DSM system does not contribute in an effective or efficient manner in the conduct of family therapy. The ethical issues of misrepresentation; trust; malfeasance;…

Beamish, Patricia M.

103

Counselling at the cultural interface: is getting back to roots enough?  

PubMed

This paper attempts to view counselling in its cultural context. The central issue addressed relates to the possibly unique position which psychiatric nurses occupy in relation to this issue. It is argued that psychiatric nurses have an opportunity to challenge some of the complexities and assumptions of traditional counselling models, and contribute towards the development of a helping approach, for those who are culturally 'different', which is both authentic and flexible. After tracing the notion of cultural identity and outlining the disempowering experience of many from the cultural minority groups, when encountering the British psychiatric system, the writer considers the relevance of the Western counselling tradition in relation to those who are thus disempowered. Viewed from the complexity of human experience and cultural variability, it is claimed that many of the assumptions and premises of this tradition are themselves disempowering. An argument is made for that kind of authentic helping whose genesis is the recognition of clients in their cultural setting and which is flexible enough to respond to the individual and not merely her/his cultural grouping. With such a framework, the writer feels that psychiatric nurses could occupy a vital role, whose goal would be to re-empower individuals with diverse cultural traditions, at both a micro and macro level. PMID:2005295

Wright, J

1991-01-01

104

Marriage and Family Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of marriage and family counseling, including the growth of interest in this specialty within the American Counseling Association (ACA). Discusses the evolution of marriage and family counseling within ACA, standards for training, credentialing, and unique ethical considerations when counseling couples and families. (Author)

Smith, Robert L.; And Others

1995-01-01

105

A Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Counseling with International Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career counselors are challenged to consider the cultural validity of the theories and models that guide their practice. The cultural formulation approach is proposed as an organizing framework for career counselors to consider cultural influences on their clients' career issues, related interventions, and the working alliance. The discussion…

Arthur, Nancy; Popadiuk, Natalee

2010-01-01

106

Therapist Multicultural Competence, Asian American Participants' Cultural Values, and Counseling Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asian Americans drop out of mental health treatment at a high rate. This problem could be addressed by enhancing therapists' multicultural competence and by examining clients' cultural attitudes that may affect the counseling process. In the present study, we used a video analogue design with a sample of 113 Asian American college students to…

Wang, Shihwe; Kim, Bryan S. K.

2010-01-01

107

Moving from Contemplation to Preparation: Is Counseling Psychology Ready to Embrace Culturally Responsive Prevention?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The confluence of prevention, multicultural competence and cultural responsiveness, and social justice is embryonic but holds much promise. The author uses the stages of change model to heighten awareness of how counseling psychologists are situated to provide well-developed system-level interventions and to examine the organizational and…

Adams, Eve M.

2007-01-01

108

Intrafamilial Separations in the Immigrant Family: Implications for Cross-Cultural Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a structural family-therapy (SFT) approach combined with the paradigm of acculturation to increase counselors' sensitivity to immigrant families whose members arrive at different times. The focus is on those families in which parents have preceded children in the immigration experience. Provides culturally sensitive counseling strategies…

Sciarra, Daniel T.

1999-01-01

109

A Measure of Cultural Competence as an Ethical Responsibility: Quick-Racial and Ethical Sensitivity Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the psychometric qualifications of a new video-based measure of school professionals' ethical sensitivity toward issues of racial intolerance in schools. The new scale, titled the Quick-Racial and Ethical Sensitivity Test (Quick-REST) is based on the ethical principles commonly shared by school-based professional…

Sirin, Selcuk R.; Rogers-Sirin, Lauren; Collins, Brian A.

2010-01-01

110

Different views on ethics: how animal ethics is situated in a committee culture.  

PubMed

Research that includes non-human animal experimentation is fundamentally a dilemmatic enterprise. Humans use other animals in research to improve life for their own species. Ethical principles are established to deal with this dilemma. But despite this ethical apparatus, people who in one way or another work with animal experimentation have to interpret and understand the principles from their individual points of view. In interviews with members of Swedish animal ethics committees, different views on what the term ethics really means were articulated. For one member, the difficult ethical dilemma of animal experimentation is the lack of enriched cages for mice. For another, the ethical problem lies in regulations restraining research. A third member talks about animals' right not to be used for human interests. These different views on "ethics" intersect once a month in the animal ethics committee meetings. There is no consensus on what constitutes the ethical problem that the members should be discussing. Therefore, personal views on what ethics means, and hierarchies among committee members, characterise the meetings. But committee traditions and priorities of interpretation as well are important to the decisions. The author discusses how "ethics" becomes situated and what implications this may have for committees' decisions. PMID:19332584

Ideland, M

2009-04-01

111

The Ethics of Aesthetic Surgery  

PubMed Central

Advances in plastic and reconstructive surgery have revolutionized the management of patients suffering from disfiguring congenital abnormalities, burns and skin cancers. The demand for aesthetic surgery has increased in recent years, as our culture has become more concerned with image and appearance. Several ethical considerations such as patient's right for informed counseling, beneficience and maleficience need to be given careful consideration.

Mousavi, SR

2010-01-01

112

An ethical solution to the challenges in teaching anatomy with dissection in the Chinese culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article examines the main obstacles to cadaver donation in the Chinese culture and provides solutions to this obstacle. The article covers the development of an Education Center for Medical ethics and suggestions of how to incorporate medical ethics and treatment of cadavers into anatomy classes in Chinese Medical schools.

2008-03-01

113

Archaeology, Ethics, and Character: Using Our Cultural Heritage to Teach Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Archaeology is a highly interdisciplinary field. Its main goal is to construct culture histories, but it uses many scientific methods in the process. Ethical dilemmas inherent in archaeology make it a good vehicle for teaching ethics and character in the classroom (Moe 2000). The interdisciplinary nature of the field makes it possible to weave…

Moe, Jeanne M.; Coleman, Carolee; Fink, Kristie; Krejs, Kirsti

2002-01-01

114

Note on a Cross-cultural Test of Gilligan's Ethic of Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred and twenty students from both Brazil and Norway were tested with Skoe's Ethic of Care Interview (ECI), which is a test of Gilligan's hypothesized gender-related ethic of care. Subjects were also tested with Bem's Sex Role Inventory and Triandis's Test of Cultural Orientations. The ECI was shown to be related neither to gender nor to…

Vikan, Arne; Camino, Cleonice; Biaggio, Angela

2005-01-01

115

Understanding Social Media Culture and its Ethical Challenges for Art Therapists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses ethics in the context of the participatory culture of social media as it relates to art therapy. The authors present the view that social media formats are important venues for expression that contribute to interpersonal connections and social learning via the active participation of their members. To make informed ethical

Belkofer, Christopher M.; McNutt, Jill V.

2011-01-01

116

Multi-Cultural Considerations for Counselling First Nations Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite evidence that First Nations people experience a disproportionate degree of mental health concerns relative to other Canadians, many within this population do not access Western-based mental health services. In this article we extend a socio-political and historical rationale for attending to key cultural differences when working with First…

Nuttgens, Simon A.; Campbell, Allan J.

2010-01-01

117

Business ethics judgments: A cross-cultural comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increased attention paid to ethical issues in business practice, there is interest in the ethics gap between the U.S. and the U.K. and in the ramifications for educating college students for business management positions. This paper examines the differences in ethics judgments between U.S. and U.K. business students. The results indicate that differences in their demographic profiles do

Thomas W. Whipple; Dominic F. Swords

1992-01-01

118

Impact of Culture on Moral and Ethical Decision-Making: An Integrative Literature Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Canadian Forces (CF) operations today occur within the Joint, Interagency, Multinational and Public (JIMP) framework. This shift has implications for moral and ethical decision making (MEDM) in operations, in part, because of the potential for cultural di...

B. D. Adams J. A. Sartori M. H. Thomson T. E. Taylor

2007-01-01

119

Client Adherence to Asian Cultural Values, Common Factors in Counseling, and Session Outcome with Asian American Clients at a University Counseling Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on data from 61 Asian American clients at a university counseling center, the study found that client-perceived match on client-counselor belief about problem etiology was related to counselor credibility, empathy, and cross-cultural competence; the client-counselor working alliance; session depth; and the likelihood of the client…

Kim, Bryan S. K.; Ng, Gladys F.; Ahn, Annie J.

2009-01-01

120

Cross-cultural business ethics: Ethical beliefs difference between blacks and whites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the differences in ethical beliefs between blacks and whites in the United States. Two hundred and thirty four white students and two hundred and fifty five black students were presented with two scenarios and given the Reidenbach-Robin instrument measuring their ethical reactions to the scenarios.

John Tsalikis; Osita Nwachukwu

1988-01-01

121

Business ethics: A cross-cultural comparison of managers' attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison of attitudes among managers from France, Germany and the United States is made with respect to codes of ethics and ethical business philosophy. Findings are also compared with past studies by Baumhart and by Brenner and Molander where data are available. While the current data appear to be consistent with the past studies, there appear to be differences

Helmut Becker; David J. Fritzsche

1987-01-01

122

Waiver Culture: The Unintended Consequence of Ethics Compliance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The passage of the U.S. Sarbanes-Oxley Act (2002) spawned a series of compliance and ethics programs --the revised Principles of Federal Prosecution of Business Organizations known as the Thompson Memo (Thompson, 2003), the revised Federal Sentencing Guidelines that included the Effective Compliance and Ethics Program and the corporate…

Genova, Gina L.

2008-01-01

123

Cultural, ethical, and spiritual implications of natural disasters from the survivors' perspective.  

PubMed

Cultural, ethical, and spiritual implications of disaster depend on various factors. The impact of a disaster on a particular culture depends on the people in that culture and the strength and resilience of the culture. Disasters may slow cultural development; however, typically the customs, beliefs, and value systems remain the same even if the outward expressions of culture change. Critical to survivors is the implication of aid that is culturally sensitive. Ethical questions and dilemmas associated with disasters and their management are profound. Adhering to ethical principles does not solve all of the issues related to disaster management, but awareness of their utility is important. People affected by a disaster may not be capable of responding to human rights violations, so it is the first responders who must be cognizant of their responsibility to protect the victims’ dignity and rights. Ethical treatment of survivors entails a crucial blend of knowledge about ethnic culture, religious beliefs, and human rights. A strong awareness of ethical principles is merely a beginning step to well-informed decision making in disaster situations. The literature also suggests that during a crisis, spirituality helps victims to cope. Important to any catastrophic event is the understanding that every disaster creates unique circumstances that require relief responses tailored to the specific situation. PMID:21095559

Varghese, Shainy B

2010-12-01

124

The experienced influence or effect of cultural\\/racism issues on the practice of counselling psychology-a qualitative study of one multicultural training organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counsellers' perspectives on how the issues of race and culture affect counselling, psychology and psychotherapy were explored in this phenomenological inquiry by distributing questionnaires to 108 co-researchers-all the staff and student of one multicultural counselling and psychotherapy training organization. It was left to the participants ot choose the terms to describe themselves (within the context of this research) and 31

Petruska Clarkson; Yuko Nippoda

1997-01-01

125

Ethical aspects of genome diversity research: genome research into cultural diversity or cultural diversity in genome research?  

PubMed

The goal of the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) was to reconstruct the history of human evolution and the historical and geographical distribution of populations with the help of scientific research. Through this kind of research, the entire spectrum of genetic diversity to be found in the human species was to be explored with the hope of generating a better understanding of the history of humankind. An important part of this genome diversity research consists in taking blood and tissue samples from indigenous populations. For various reasons, it has not been possible to execute this project in the planned scope and form to date. Nevertheless, genomic diversity research addresses complex issues which prove to be highly relevant from the perspective of research ethics, transcultural medical ethics, and cultural philosophy. In the article at hand, we discuss these ethical issues as illustrated by the HGDP. This investigation focuses on the confrontation of culturally diverse images of humans and their cosmologies within the framework of genome diversity research and the ethical questions it raises. We argue that in addition to complex questions pertaining to research ethics such as informed consent and autonomy of probands, genome diversity research also has a cultural-philosophical, meta-ethical, and phenomenological dimension which must be taken into account in ethical discourses. Acknowledging this fact, we attempt to show the limits of current guidelines used in international genome diversity studies, following this up by a formulation of theses designed to facilitate an appropriate inquiry and ethical evaluation of intercultural dimensions of genome research. PMID:18592399

Ilkilic, Ilhan; Paul, Norbert W

2009-03-01

126

Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Making ethical decision rarely involves a simple yes or no answer. Matters of confidentiality are no different. This article examines how school counselors must draw the line between protecting a student's privacy and providing information to parents and administrators. (GCP)

Dansby-Giles, Gloria

2002-01-01

127

Family Counseling and Ethical Challenges with Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered (GLBT) Clients: More Questions Than Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered (GLBT) persons and their families present unique ethical challenges for marriage and family counselors. A series of brief case vignettes touch on a range of ethical issues for couples and family counselors, including training, supervision, custody evaluation, ethical decision making, counselor bias,…

Janson, Gregory R.; Steigerwald, Fran J.

2002-01-01

128

"Does Organizational Culture Influence the Ethical Behavior in the Pharmaceutical Industry?"  

PubMed Central

Study of ethical behavior among medical representatives in the profession is an under-portrayed component that deserves further perusal in the pharmaceutical industry. The purpose of this study is to find out the influence of organizational culture on ethical behavior of medical representatives. Medical representatives working for both domestic and multinational companies constitutes the sample (n=300). Data is collected using a simple random and cluster sampling through a structured questionnaire. The research design is hypothesis testing. It is a cross-sectional and correlational study, conducted under non-contrived settings. Chi-square tests were shows that there is an association between the organizational culture and ethical behavior of medical representatives. In addition, the strength of the association is measured which report to Cramer’s V of 63.1% and Phi Value of 2.749. Results indicate that multinational company medical reps are more ethical compared to domestic company medical representatives vast difference in both variance and in t test results. Through better organizational culture, pharmaceutical companies can create the most desirable behavior among their employees. Authors conclude that apart from organizational culture, the study of additional organizational, individual and external factors are imperative for better understanding of ethical behavior of medical representatives in the pharmaceutical industry in India.

Nagashekhara, Molugulu; Agil, Syed Omar Syed

2011-01-01

129

"Does organizational culture influence the ethical behavior in the pharmaceutical industry?".  

PubMed

Study of ethical behavior among medical representatives in the profession is an under-portrayed component that deserves further perusal in the pharmaceutical industry. The purpose of this study is to find out the influence of organizational culture on ethical behavior of medical representatives. Medical representatives working for both domestic and multinational companies constitutes the sample (n=300). Data is collected using a simple random and cluster sampling through a structured questionnaire. The research design is hypothesis testing. It is a cross-sectional and correlational study, conducted under non-contrived settings. Chi-square tests were shows that there is an association between the organizational culture and ethical behavior of medical representatives. In addition, the strength of the association is measured which report to Cramer's V of 63.1% and Phi Value of 2.749. Results indicate that multinational company medical reps are more ethical compared to domestic company medical representatives vast difference in both variance and in t test results. Through better organizational culture, pharmaceutical companies can create the most desirable behavior among their employees. Authors conclude that apart from organizational culture, the study of additional organizational, individual and external factors are imperative for better understanding of ethical behavior of medical representatives in the pharmaceutical industry in India. PMID:24826027

Nagashekhara, Molugulu; Agil, Syed Omar Syed

2011-12-01

130

Digital Citizenship: Developing an Ethical and Responsible Online Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responsible and ethical use of the Internet is not something that teenagers, in particular, consider to be important, and serious consequences are beginning to emerge as a result of careless and offensive online behaviour. Teachers and teacher-librarians have a duty of care to make students aware of the potentially devastating effects of…

Oxley, Cathy

2010-01-01

131

Ethics  

Cancer.gov

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Human Research Protection (OHRP) has mandated that all research sites outside the United States that participate in research funded by the U.S. Government must file documentation certifying that each research site observes the Declaration of Helsinki on Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects and has an independent ethics committee. Sites participating in trials sponsored by the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) must also undergo regular on-site audits.

132

Latin American Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients: Implications for Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for clinical services for both Latin Americans and the lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) population is increasing rapidly. Consequently, LGB Latin Americans are more likely to seek clinical services. Article highlights critical characteristics of Latin American and LGB culture, and provides identity development, counseling, and ethical

Sager, Jennifer B.; Schlimmer, Elizabeth A.; Hellmann, James A.

2001-01-01

133

Cultural and hierarchical influences: ethical issues faced by Taiwanese nursing students.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVES Improving nurses' competence in resolving clinical ethical issues must start with ethics education in training and clinical practice. However, many students complain that they cannot apply classroom learning to actual clinical scenarios. This study explored ethical issues and dilemmas, and their impact experienced by student nurses in clinical practice. METHODS Focus groups were conducted with 44 first-year student nurses from a 2-year college course in northern Taiwan. Interviews were tape-recorded and verbatim transcripts were analysed using content analysis. RESULTS Students expressed and discussed their views in eight focus groups. Analysis of interviews revealed five themes: frustration at inability to help some patients; oppression caused by lower status; lack of honesty and ethical courage; powerlessness, and self-encouragement in adversity. CONCLUSIONS Taiwanese nurse ethics training was only recently introduced and the curriculum has not addressed the clinical reality in Taiwan. This reality includes limitations arising from the medical hierarchy and the socio-cultural role of families in medical decision making, which may inhibit ethical judgements and decision making. In clinical dilemmas, the most common problems faced by Taiwanese nursing students involved not knowing how to handle some situations, inability to abide by principles, and a lack of appropriate role models. Hence, we suggest that nursing ethics education should: (i) integrate scenarios involving ethical dilemmas into daily routines; (ii) give students opportunities to discuss their feelings about their experiences; (iii) allow teachers and students to talk about scenarios with ethical implications, and (iv) provide students with opportunities to reflect on clinical scenarios in order to clarify their values and learn how to respect the value of life. PMID:20345695

Yeh, Mei-Yu; Wu, Shu-Mei; Che, Hui-Lian

2010-05-01

134

Ethics in Publication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the ethical dilemmas in publication and provides recommendations for guidelines involving publication ethics. Counselors may be confronted with a variety of ethical dilemmas such as authorship issues, student-professor research, plagiarism, and other publication problems. The American Counseling Association's "Code of Ethics and…

Jones, Karen Dayle

1999-01-01

135

Using the Cultural Attitudes Repertory Technique (CART) in a Cross-Cultural Counseling Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the procedures for administering the Cultural Attitudes Repertory Technique (CART), designed to elicit personal constructs relevant to cross-cultural understanding. Shows an example of a completed CART and provides suggestions for discussing the CART in a small group. (LLL)

Fukuyama, Mary A.; Neimeyer, Greg J.

1985-01-01

136

Perspectives on Child Abuse and Labour: Global Ethical Ideals Versus African Cultural Realities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the global and African postures on the issues of child abuse and child labour. The global ethical ideals of the issues are characterized within their various theoretical perspectives while the African cultural realities are explored through the use of focus group discussion sessions, which were organized in six rural…

Ajayi, A. O.; Torimiro, D. O.

2004-01-01

137

Foundations Symposium: A Continued Dialogue on Critical Theory, Cultural Analysis, and Ethical Aspects of the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven articles are presented from a symposium on critical theory, cultural analysis, and the ethical aspects of the use of educational technology. Two papers deal with the educational philosophy of two modern thinkers, and others focus on educational technology in the modern or postmodern era. The following papers are included: (1) "Foucault and…

Anderson, Jane; And Others

138

Ethical leadership across cultures: a comparative analysis of German and US perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines beliefs about four aspects of ethical leadership –Character/Integrity, Altruism, Collective Motivation and Encouragement– in Germany and the United States using data from Project GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness) and a supplemental analysis. Within the context of a push toward convergence driven by the demands of globalization and the pull toward divergence underpinned by different cultural

Gillian S. Martin; Christian J. Resick; Mary A. Keating; Marcus W. Dickson

2009-01-01

139

Occupational Burnout: A Cross-Cultural Israeli Jewish-Arab Perspective and Its Implications for Career Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 485 Jews and 384 Arabs living in Israel showed how different cultural orientations affect occupational burnout. For Arabs, burnout correlated negatively with quality of parent relationships, for Jews with supervisor and coworker relationships. Arabs were significantly less likely to discuss or seek counseling for work-related…

Pines, Ayala Malach

2003-01-01

140

Implementing Breast and Cervical Cancer Prevention Programs Among the Houma Indians of Southern Louisiana: Cultural and Ethical Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This paper provides an overview of the ethical and cultural issues that were taken into account in planning a cross-cultural study of barriers to breast and cervical cancer screening among Houma Indian women who reside in Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana. In such cross-cultural studies, the investigators and members of the target population are from different cultural backgrounds. In planning the study,

Steven S. Coughlin

1998-01-01

141

Complexity overlooked: enhancing cultural competency in the white lesbian counseling trainee through education and supervision.  

PubMed

Self-awareness is often associated with enhanced multicultural competency. Training programs must work to facilitate self-awareness in counseling trainees who hold both privileged and oppressed identities. In this article, I highlight a gap in the literature regarding how best to supervise white lesbian counseling trainees. Facilitating self-awareness through supervision will be explored as a tool for enhancing multicultural competency in the white lesbian counseling trainee. An exploration of understanding white privilege as well as the impact of oppression on lesbian counseling trainees, will be used to draw conclusions regarding effective supervision for this population. Additionally, suggestions for future research will be proposed. PMID:24641078

Davis, Deanna N

2014-01-01

142

Ethics, Cultural Competence, and the Changing Face of America  

PubMed Central

The population in the United States is increasingly multicultural. So, too, is the U.S. physician workforce. The combination of these diversity dynamics sets up the potential for various types of cultural conflict in the nation’s examining rooms, including the relationship between religion and medicine. To address the changing patient-physician landscape, we argue for a broad scale intervention: interdisciplinary bioethics training for physicians and other health professionals. This approach seeks to promote a common procedural expectation and language which can lead to an improved, patient-centered approach resulting in better patient-physician relationships that contribute to better health outcomes across the U.S. population. The authors illustrate their thesis and solution using a well-known case of cross-cultural dynamics taken from religion and medicine—Anne Fadiman’s The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down.

Chilton, Janice A.

2012-01-01

143

Racial Identity Theory, Research, and Applications. Edited Conference Proceedings of the Annual Teachers College Winter Roundtable on Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy (8th, New York, New York, February 22-23, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1991 Winter Roundtable on Cross Cultural Counseling was the first national conference devoted to the topic of racial identity in counseling and psychotherapy. Conference papers include: (1) "A Brief Continuing History of the Teachers College Winter Roundtable on Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy" (Samuel D. Johnson, Jr.); (2) "Racial…

Carter, Robert T., Ed.; Johnson, Samuel D., Jr., Ed.

144

Implementing breast and cervical cancer prevention programs among the Houma Indians of southern Louisiana: cultural and ethical considerations.  

PubMed

This paper provides an overview of the ethical and cultural issues that were taken into account in planning a cross-cultural study of barriers to breast and cervical cancer screening among Houma Indian women who reside in Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana. In such cross-cultural studies, the investigators and members of the target population are from different cultural backgrounds. In planning the study, ethical principles and cultural norms were carefully specified to ensure that the welfare of the participants would be protected and potential benefits maximized. This experience with the Houma Indian Nation illustrates the need for greater participation of research subjects in the planning and implementation of studies on their behalf. An ethical, culturally sensitive approach to cancer control research is needed to address the health concerns of Native American populations. PMID:10073192

Coughlin, S S

1998-02-01

145

Cultural, ethical, and spiritual competencies of health care providers responding to a catastrophic event.  

PubMed

Compassion is a language that is understood across cultures, religions, and nations. Being compassionate and empathetic is a basic responsibility of health care providers responding to disasters. Compassion and empathy cannot be operationalized unless providers show culturally competent, ethically right, and spiritually caring behavior. In addition to being accepting of cultures other than their own, providers must read literature and familiarize themselves with the predominant cultures of the affected population. Ethically right decision making is essentially an act of balancing the risks and benefits to the entire society. Spiritual care is an important dimension of total health, and therefore recognition and resolution of the spiritual needs of disaster victims is an essential role of health care providers. Disaster management is teamwork and therefore requires that health care providers draw on the expertise and support of other team members; coordinating efforts with local religious, social governmental organizations, and NGOs to deal with the intangible effects of the cultural and spiritual impact of a disaster and to prevent further demoralization of the affected community is imperative. Disasters occur, and the only thing that can ameliorate their devastating effects is to improve disaster preparedness and respond collectively and courageously to every catastrophic event. PMID:21095554

Jose, Mini M

2010-12-01

146

77 FR 13490 - Rules of Organization; Conduct and Ethics; and Information and Requests  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...34-66502] Rules of Organization; Conduct and Ethics; and Information and Requests AGENCY: Securities...INFORMATION CONTACT: Shira Pavis Minton, Ethics Counsel, 202-551-7938, Office of the Ethics Counsel, Securities and Exchange...

2012-03-07

147

Blending genetics and sociocultural historical inquiry: ethics, culture, and human subjects protection in international cross cultural research.  

PubMed

In this paper, we examine the implementation and difficulties when conducting genetics research in a rural, traditional West African culture within the frame of the United States' grounded research ethics. Research challenges are highlighted by Western researchers following U.S. Institutional Review Board (IRB) guidelines and practices in a non-Western country. IRB concepts are culture bound in Western ideals that may not have synchronicity and compatibility with non-Western cultures. Differences in sociocultural norms, traditions, language, and geography were influencing factors that can affect application of IRB principles. Suggestions for change are offered, which will potentially aid researchers considering application of IRB requirements when conducting research in non-Westernized, non-industrialized countries. PMID:23482512

Sampson, Deborah A; Caldwell, Dennis; Taylor, Andre D; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y

2013-03-01

148

Blending Genetics and Sociocultural Historical Inquiry: Ethics, Culture, and Human Subjects Protection in International Cross Cultural Research  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we examine the implementation and difficulties when conducting genetics research in a rural, traditional West African culture within the frame of the United States’ grounded research ethics. Research challenges are highlighted by Western researchers following U.S. Institutional Review Board (IRB) guidelines and practices in a non-Western country. IRB concepts are culture bound in Western ideals that may not have synchronicity and compatibility with non-Western cultures. Differences in sociocultural norms, traditions, language, and geography were influencing factors that can affect application of IRB principles. Suggestions for change are offered, which will potentially aid researchers considering application of IRB requirements when conducting research in non-Westernized, non-industrialized countries.

Sampson, Deborah A.; Caldwell, Dennis; Taylor, Andre D.; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y.

2013-01-01

149

Cultural imperatives and the ethics of verbal autopsies in rural Ghana  

PubMed Central

Background Due to a paucity of statistics from vital registration systems in developing countries, the verbal autopsy (VA) approach has been used to obtain cause-specific mortality data by interviewing lay respondents on the signs and symptoms experienced by the deceased prior to death. In societies where the culture of mourning is adhered to, the use of VA could clash with traditional norms, thus warranting ethical consideration by researchers. Objective The study was designed to explore the ethics and cultural context of collecting VA information through a demographic and health surveillance system in the Kassena-Nankana District (KND) of Ghana. Study Design Data were collected through qualitative in-depth interviews (IDIs) with four field staff involved in the routine conduct of VAs, four physicians who code VAs, 20 selected respondents to the VA tool, and eight opinion leaders in the KND. The interviews were supplemented with observation by the researchers and with the field notes of field workers. Interviews were audio-recorded, and local language versions transcribed into English. Thematic analysis was performed using QSR NVivo 8 software. Results The data indicate that cultural sensitivities in VA procedures at both the individual and family levels need greater consideration not only for ethical reasons but also to ensure the quality of the data. Discussions of some deaths are culturally prohibited and therefore lead to refusal of interviews. Families were also concerned about the confidentiality of information because of the potential of blame for the death. VA teams do not necessarily engage in culturally appropriate bereavement practices such as the presentation of tokens. The desire by families for feedback on the cause of death, which is currently not provided by researchers, was frequently expressed. Finally, no standard exists on the culturally acceptable time interval between death and VA interviews. Conclusion Ethical issues need to be given greater consideration in the collection of cause of death data, and this can be achieved through the establishment of processes that allow active engagement with communities, authorities of civil registrations, and Institutional Review Boards to take greater account of local contexts.

Aborigo, Raymond A.; Allotey, Pascale; Tindana, Paulina; Azongo, Daniel; Debpuur, Cornelius

2013-01-01

150

Research Issues in the Study of Professional Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies and discusses limitations of current approaches to the study of professional ethics in counseling. Suggests specific directions for improving research approaches. Concludes increasing professional interest in ethical dimensions of therapeutic relationships is healthy for counseling professionals. (Author/ABL)

Fuqua, Dale R.; Newman, Jody L.

1989-01-01

151

Teaching engineering ethics using role-playing in a culturally diverse student group.  

PubMed

The use of role-playing ("active learning") as a teaching tool has been reported in areas as diverse as social psychology, history and analytical chemistry. Its use as a tool in the teaching of engineering ethics and professionalism is also not new, but the approach develops new perspectives when used in a college class of exceptionally wide cultural diversity. York University is a large urban university (40,000 undergraduates) that draws its enrolment primarily from the Greater Toronto Area, arguably one of the most culturally diverse cities in the world, embracing the largest percentage of Canada's immigration. Among the area's five million inhabitants, 50% identify themselves as a visible minority born outside Canada, while over 100 languages and dialects are spoken daily. Although students admitted from this international pool have usually been exposed to western attitudes during secondary education and are rapidly assimilated into Canadian culture, responses to specific ethical issues are strongly influenced by their prior culture. Two and three-part scripts for case studies based on NSF or original scenarios were written to illustrate issues such as gifts, attitudes towards women and ethnic minorities, conflict of interest, whistle-blowing, sexual harassment, individual rights, privacy, environment, intellectual property, and others. Following the presentation, the actors lead group discussion based on previously specified questions. Once the initial shyness and reluctance of some cultures has been overcome through the building of rapport, students have written original scripts based on hypothetical or prior personal situations. The method is now being adopted in a short course format to assist the professional integration of foreign trained engineers. PMID:16609718

Prince, Robert H

2006-04-01

152

77 FR 14997 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Department of Housing and Urban...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Robert H. Golden, Assistant General Counsel, Ethics Law Division, telephone number 202-402-6334, or Peter J. Constantine, Associate General Counsel for Ethics and Personnel Law, Office of General Counsel, Department of Housing and Urban...

2012-03-14

153

77 FR 46601 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Department of Housing and Urban...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Robert H. Golden, Assistant General Counsel, Ethics Law Division, telephone number 202-402-6334, or Peter J. Constantine, Associate General Counsel for Ethics and Personnel Law, Office of General Counsel, Department of Housing and Urban...

2012-08-06

154

77 FR 16761 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Department of Housing and Urban...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Robert H. Golden, Assistant General Counsel, Ethics Law Division, telephone number 202-402-6334, or Peter J. Constantine, Associate General Counsel for Ethics and Personnel Law, Office of General Counsel, Department of Housing and Urban...

2012-03-22

155

78 FR 56127 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Department of Housing and Urban...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Robert H. Golden, Assistant General Counsel, Ethics and Appeals Division, telephone number 202-402-6334, or Peter J. Constantine, Associate General Counsel for Ethics Appeals and Personnel Law, Office of General Counsel, Department of Housing...

2013-09-12

156

Educators' perceptions and attitudes toward school counseling and student personnel services: A cultural perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was designed to survey and compare attitudes and perceptions toward school counseling and student personnel programs as held by educators in the Caribbean. The subjects in the study comprised 275 teachers and administrators employed in public and private junior and senior high schools in Nassau, Bahamas. The statistical tests used to analyze the data were the Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance and the Friedman two-way analysis for repeated measures. The findings indicate that administrators at all levels expressed significantly more favorable attitudes and perceptions toward counseling and student personnel programs in the schools than teachers. Teachers in the study expressed the following: (a) serious concern regarding the competency of practicing counselors in their schools; (b) a need for clarification of their role and function in the guidance process and a clarification of the counselor's role; and (c) minimum acceptable standards should be established for school counseling positions.

McPhee, Sidney A.

1985-12-01

157

Deaf Adults' Reasons for Genetic Testing Depend on Cultural Affiliation: Results From a Prospective, Longitudinal Genetic Counseling and Testing Study  

PubMed Central

This article examines the relationship between cultural affiliation and deaf adults’ motivations for genetic testing for deafness in the first prospective, longitudinal study to examine the impact of genetic counseling and genetic testing on deaf adults and the deaf community. Participants (n = 256), classified as affiliating with hearing, Deaf, or both communities, rated interest in testing for 21 reasons covering 5 life domains. Findings suggest strong interest in testing to learn why they are deaf, but little interest in using it for decisions about a partner or having children. Culturally mediated variation was also demonstrated. Deaf and both communities groups viewed testing as useful for more life domains than the hearing community group. Deaf and both communities had similar motivations related to further exploration, understanding, or strengthening of deafness. Motivations related to “hearing” were also relevant for both communities. We conclude that cultural affiliation is an important factor for constructing motivations for genetic testing.

Boudreault, Patrick; Baldwin, Erin E.; Fox, Michelle; Dutton, Loriel; Tullis, LeeElle; Linden, Joyce; Kobayashi, Yoko; Zhou, Jin; Sinsheimer, Janet S.; Sininger, Yvonne; Grody, Wayne W.; Palmer, Christina G. S.

2010-01-01

158

Medical geneticists confront ethical dilemmas: cross-cultural comparisons among 18 nations.  

PubMed Central

To provide a basis for international discussion of ethical problems, we studied responses of medical geneticists in 18 countries to questionnaires about 14 clinical cases and five screening situations. Of 1,053 asked to participate, 677 (64%) responded. There was greater than or equal to 75% consensus on five cases involving (1) disclosure of (1) conflicting diagnostic findings, (2) disclosure of ambiguous results, (3) disclosure of controversial interpretations, (4) protection of mother's confidentiality in cases of false paternity, and (5) nondirective counseling about 45,X and XYY syndrome. A majority (51%-60%) would disclose the diagnosis to relatives at risk for Huntington disease or hemophilia A, against the patient's wishes; would disclose which parent carries a translocation causing Down syndrome; and would disclose XY genotype in a female. As reproductive options for patients with disorders not diagnosable prenatally, 84% would discuss artificial insemination by a donor, 66% would discuss in vitro fertilization with donor egg, and 46% would discuss surrogate motherhood. In all, 85% would perform prenatal diagnosis for (or would refer) parents who refuse abortion, 75% for maternal anxiety, and 42% for selection of fetal sex. Screening questions showed that 72% believed that workplace screening should be voluntary and that results should be confidential.

Wertz, D C; Fletcher, J C; Mulvihill, J J

1990-01-01

159

75 FR 35957 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Special Inspector General for Iraq...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...concurrence of the Office of Government Ethics (OGE), is issuing an interim regulation...General Counsel and Designated Agency Ethics Official, by any of the following methods...General Counsel and Designated Agency Ethics Official (DAEO). FOR FURTHER...

2010-06-24

160

Food and Culture: A Pedagogical Approach to Contextualizing Food-Based Activities in Multicultural Counseling Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedagogic approaches that draw on reflective practices and experiential activities are valued for their perceived ability to enhance multicultural understanding. The use of food-based assignments is not uncommon in multicultural counseling courses; however, the authors contend that although these activities may be experiential in nature, they are…

Sommer, Carol A.; Rush, Lee Covington; Ingene, Daphne H.

2011-01-01

161

Native American Indians and the Counseling Process: Culture, Adaptation, and Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Native Americans constitute a significant population that is growing and has great need for mental health and counseling services. Social problems in Native communities include high rates of alcoholism, alcohol-related deaths, drug use, youth suicide, and sexually transmitted diseases. Despite their mental health needs, Native Americans are…

Skouras, Thomas J.

162

Ecologically Based, Culturally Concordant Responding Following Disasters: The Counseling Psychologist's Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the existing theory, research, policy, and practice of disaster mental health and the role of counseling psychology in post-disaster and catastrophic situations, all from a social justice perspective. Specifically, we discuss the phases and stages, social ecology, and individual reactions to disasters. A case study is…

Spokane, Arnold R.; Inman, Arpana G.; Weatherford, Ryan D.; Davidson, Anju Kaduvettoor; Straw, Rebecca

2011-01-01

163

Cultural and Ethical Issues in Working with Culturally Diverse Patients and Their Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

In all aspects of health and mental health care-the emergency room, the outpatient clinic, inpatient facilities, rehab centers, nursing homes, and hospicessocial workers interact with patients from many different cultures. This paper will introduce an assessment tool for health care professionals to advance understanding of culturally diverse patients and their families.

Elaine P. Congress

2005-01-01

164

Rehabilitation Counseling with Disabled Hispanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special problems involved in providing rehabilitation counseling to disabled Hispanics are addressed, including socioeconomic considerations and psychosocial aspects dealing with traditional family roles. Implications for rehabilitation planning and culturally sensitive counseling services are discussed. (CL)

Rivera, Orlando A.; Cespedes, Rosanita

1983-01-01

165

Female genital cutting (FGC) and the ethics of care: community engagement and cultural sensitivity at the interface of migration experiences  

PubMed Central

Background Female Genital Cutting (FGC) anchored in a complex socio-cultural context becomes significant at the interface of access of health and social services in host countries. The practice of FGC at times, understood as a form of gender-based violence, may result in unjustifiable consequences among girls and women; yet, these practices are culturally engrained traditions with complex meanings calling for ethically and culturally sensitive health and social service provision. Intents and meanings of FGC practice need to be well understood before before any policies that criminalize and condemn are derived and implemented. FGC is addressed as a global public health issue with complex legal and ethical dimensions which impacts ability to access services, far beyond gender sensitivity. The ethics of terminology are addressed, building on the sustained controversial debate in regards to the delicate issue of conceptualization. An overview of international policies is provided, identifying the current trend of condemnation of FGC practices. Socio-cultural and ethical challenges are discussed in light of selected findings from a community-based research project. The illustrative examples provided focus on Western countries, with a specific emphasis on Canada. Discussion The examples provided converge with the literature confirming the utmost necessity to engage with the FGC practicing communities allowing for ethically sensitive strategies, reduction of harm in relation to systems of care, and prevention of the risk of systematic gendered stigmatization. A culturally competent, gender and ethically sensitive approach is argued for to ensure the provision of quality ethical care for migrant families in host countries. We argue that socio-cultural determinants such as ethnicity, migration, sex and gender need to be accounted for as integral to the social construction of FGC. Summary Working partnerships between the public health sector and community based organisations with a true involvement of women and men from practicing communities will allow for more sensitive and congruent clinical guidelines. In order to honour the fundamental principles and values of medical ethics, such as compassion, beneficence, non-malfeasance, respect, and justice and accountability, socio-cultural interactions at the interface of health and migration will continue to require proper attention. It entails a commitment to recognise the intrinsic value and dignity of girls’ and women’s context.

2014-01-01

166

Postmortem Confidentiality: An Ethical Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an era of increased need and expectation for confidentiality, the counseling record of the deceased client challenges confidentiality. Using ethical codes and legal mandates, the authors explore whether the counseling record of a deceased client should be released when the client's will and the client's counseling records are silent on this…

Bradley, Loretta J.; Hendricks, Bret; Kabell, Douglas R.

2011-01-01

167

A Group Counseling Contract.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group counseling contract was developed following American Psychological Association ethical guidelines. The contract was effective in enabling participants to quickly become involved in group process. The contract could be modified for use by group facilitators in a variety of settings. (Author)

Johnson, Norbert; Johnson, Sarah Campbell

1980-01-01

168

Ethical aspects of directly observed treatment for tuberculosis: a cross-cultural comparison  

PubMed Central

Background Tuberculosis is a major global public health challenge, and a majority of countries have adopted a version of the global strategy to fight Tuberculosis, Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course (DOTS). Drawing on results from research in Ethiopia and Norway, the aim of this paper is to highlight and discuss ethical aspects of the practice of Directly Observed Treatment (DOT) in a cross-cultural perspective. Discussion Research from Ethiopia and Norway demonstrates that the rigid enforcement of directly observed treatment conflicts with patient autonomy, dignity and integrity. The treatment practices, especially when imposed in its strictest forms, expose those who have Tuberculosis to extra burdens and costs. Socially disadvantaged groups, such as the homeless, those employed as day labourers and those lacking rights as employees, face the highest burdens. Summary From an ethical standpoint, we argue that a rigid practice of directly observed treatment is difficult to justify, and that responsiveness to social determinants of Tuberculosis should become an integral part of the management of Tuberculosis.

2013-01-01

169

Right and Wrong and Cultural Diversity: Replication of the 2002 NAS/Zogby Poll on Business Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In April 2002, a NAS/Zogby poll found that only a quarter of sampled students perceived uniform standards of "right and wrong" and that most students felt that ethical behavior depends on cultural diversity. In this effort to replicate those findings in a larger sample of American college students, the authors obtained results that contradict the…

Ludlum, Marty; Mascaloinov, Sergei

2004-01-01

170

Enhancing an ethical culture through purpose -directed leadership for improved public service delivery: A case for South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fundamental purpose of government departments is to provide services to satisfy public needs. Public leaders have to take on organisational roles to decide how to best achieve the organisation's purpose of meeting human needs and enhancing human life. An ethical culture underpinning purpose- driven leadership is viewed as an effective approach that will promote the broader interests of society

Nirmala Dorasamy

2010-01-01

171

Counselling in the United Kingdom: Past, Present and Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charts the development of counseling in Britain and speculates about possible directions counseling may take in the future. Focuses on counseling as a developing profession; the relationship between counseling and psychotherapy; the role of supervision; the development of standards and ethics; and the tension between relational and technical…

Dryden, Windy; Mearns, Dave; Thorne, Brian

2000-01-01

172

Ethical Decision-Making by Educational Leaders: Its Foundations, Culture and More Recent Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The belief that educational leaders need to be ethical decision-makers is recent. Thomas and Bainbridge suggest that an educational leader needs to develop technical competency in ethical leadership. Yet few leaders in schools have been trained in conflict resolution of an ethical nature and little importance has been given to this within existing…

Robbins, Steven; Trabichet, Luc

2009-01-01

173

Crisis Counseling: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychologists working in schools are often the first contacts for children experiencing a potentially traumatizing event or change in status. This article reviews basic concepts in crisis counseling and describes the components of psychological first aid. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as…

Sandoval, Jonathan; Scott, Amy Nicole; Padilla, Irene

2009-01-01

174

Counseling in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Singapore, a tiny island nation, rose from 3rd- to 1st-world status in just 3 decades. Unlike in most developed countries, counseling in Singapore has a short history with faith-based beginnings and currently faces challenges to remain culturally relevant. The authors trace the development of Singapore's counseling services, provide an update…

Yeo, Lay See; Tan, Soo Yin; Neihart, Maureen F.

2012-01-01

175

Legal and Ethical Issues Related to the Management of Cultural Heritage in Space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent discovery of water in darkened craters of the Moon's south pole is only the latest development drawing public and corporate interest to the possibilities of research and travel in outer space. Scientists pursuing fusion-generated power as a solution to global energy needs have also noted the relative abundance of Helium-3, an efficient fuel, on the Moon's surface, and there is the promise of other precious resources there as well. The implantation of colonies on the Moon or Mars, discussed for many decades as science fiction, therefore seems increasingly likely to happen. Some private companies and members of the public are even looking forward to the days when tourists will be able to travel for leisure beyond the earth's atmosphere. Most notably, the X Prize Foundation and Google are sponsoring a prize for the first private group to send an unmanned rover to the Moon as a way of advancing these agendas; 22 teams have registered for the competition, with some scheduled to launch by the end of 2010. Increased attention to outer space travel, exploration, and commercial exploitation has been paralleled by a rise in interest in the protection of cultural resources on Earth, such as ar-chaeological sites and historic monuments. Such sites and monuments already exist in outer space and on extraterrestrial planetary bodies. The Apollo 11 landing site, Tranquility Base, is only the most obvious example of a cultural site of outstanding significance in space. Satellites orbiting the earth -even defunct ones such as Vanguard 1, the oldest man-made object still in orbit, might be considered to have extraordinary historic and cultural value, too. As archae-ologists working on Earth have long recognized, once a site or object is damaged, it can never be perfectly restored to its original condition. Unfortunately, there are so far only a few vague guidelines, drafted in the 1960's and agreed upon by the international community, protecting mankind's cultural heritage in space. The United Nations Outer Space Treaty of 1967 -the primary document governing how nations act in outer space -is now hopelessly out-of-date. There is no mention in the treaty of cultural heritage (the UNESCO convention that concerns international protection of cultural heritage on Earth was not completed until 1970), nor was there any recognition of the role private groups and individuals might play in space exploration. This paper will outline key legal and ethical issues related to cultural heritage management and protection. It will also suggest some ways in which culturally significant sites in space can be protected for future study and even touristic appreciation.

Walsh, Justin

176

Training for Competence in Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy. The Teachers College Winter Roundtable Conference Proceedings (10th, New York, New York, February 19-20, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers from the 1993 Teachers College Winter Roundtable focus on training for competence in cross-cultural counseling and psychotherapy. Each paper approaches an issue in effective practice from a theoretical or applied perspective. The following are included: (1) "African-American Identity: A Causal and a Noncausal Approach"…

Johnson, Samuel D., Ed.; And Others

177

Genetic Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... this page It's been added to your dashboard . Genetic counseling Genetic counseling is a service to help ... child care and genetic testing. Who should get genetic counseling? Anyone who has unanswered questions about origins ...

178

Genetic Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... to... Añadir en... Favorites Delicious Digg Google Bookmarks Genetic Counseling In genetic counseling, specially-trained professionals help ... informed decisions about testing and treatment. Reasons for Genetic Counseling There are many reasons that people go ...

179

Culturally Sensitive Counseling and Interventions for Pregnant Mexican-American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mexican-American adolescents have a high rate of p regnancy. The cultural beliefs of Mexican-American adolescents and the level of accul turation to the United States should be taken into consideration when serving this populati on. Common prevention and intervention methods such as sex education, abortion, and parent ing are viewed with cultural beliefs in mind to provide the best care

Megan Nichole Stampfli

180

A Cross-Cultural Examination of the Endorsement of Ethical Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The western-based leadership and ethics literatures were reviewed to identify the key characteristics that conceptually define\\u000a what it means to be an ethical leader. Data from the Global Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness (GLOBE) project were\\u000a then used to analyze the degree to which four aspects of ethical leadership – Character\\/Integrity, Altruism, Collective Motivation, and Encouragement – were endorsed as important

Christian J. Resick; Paul J. Hanges; Marcus W. Dickson; Jacqueline K. Mitchelson

2006-01-01

181

The Evolution of Ethics: Personal Perspectives of ACA Ethics Committee Chairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a survey of the American Counseling Association Ethics Committee chairs regarding their experiences, learning, and insights in the area of professional counselor ethics resulting from their service on the committee. In addition, ethics chairs reflect on current and future trends in counselor ethics. (Contains 13 references.)…

Walden, Susan L.; Herlihy, Barbara; Ashton, Lauri

2003-01-01

182

Understanding the Depth and Richness of the Cultural Context in Career Counseling through the Cultural Formulation Approach (CFA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors discuss the Cultural Formulation Approach (CFA) proposed by Leong and his colleagues, and the strong and insightful applications of the approach offered by Leong, Arthur, Juntunen, Byars-Winston, and Flores. They think this model has phenomenal possibilities in providing a methodology for counselors to be able to…

Heppner, Mary J.; Fu, Chu-Chun

2010-01-01

183

Cross-Cultural Perspectives in Counseling: Mental Health Conceptions in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general societal pattern in Malaysia is reflected by the distinct multi-racial composition of the population, comprised of Malays, Chinese, and Indians. In Malaysia, ethnicity determines the varied differences in the socio-cultural and religious diversity of the population. Organized modern medical services have existed in Malaysia since…

Mohamed, Othman

184

Improving Intercultural Interactions. Modules for Cross-Cultural Training Programs. Multicultural Aspects of Counseling Series 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains modules for use in cross-cultural training programs. A module differs from a chapter in that it is a collection of materials that guide the reader both on the content of a defined unit of training and the method of delivery of that content. The modules are grouped into four sections, three corresponding to organizations in which…

Brislin, Richard W., Ed.; Yoshida, Tomoko, Ed.

185

A Personal Journey toward Culture-Centered Counseling: An Interview with Paul Pedersen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paul Pedersen's journey into becoming culturally competent has encountered interesting twists and turns. An introduction, a discussion of historical factors that help shape his life, a discussion of some of his major contributions, an assessment of the current state of multiculturalism, as well as Paul's vision of the future are all presented.

Cartwright, Brenda Y.; D'Andrea, Michael

2005-01-01

186

Crossing Cultures in Marriage: Implications for Counseling African American\\/African Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wealth of literature exists regarding intermarriage between White and ethnic minority couples. Noticeably lacking, however,\\u000a is information considering within-group diversity amongst Black couples. This paper will focus on cultural dynamics that may\\u000a operate with African American and African couples residing in the United States. Through an examination of within-group differences\\u000a and similarities, counselors can be better prepared to assist

Beth A. Durodoye; Angela D. Coker

2008-01-01

187

Cross-Cultural Counseling and Neurolinguistic Mirroring: An Exploration of Empathy, Trustworthiness, and Positive Interaction with Native American Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of the therapeutic relationship is a prime consideration in counseling and psychotherapy. Good rapport in the counseling relationship has consistently been associated with beneficial changes. This study examined the effects of neurolinguistic mirroring versus non-mirroring of selected nonverbal behaviors on empathy, trustworthiness,…

Sandhu, Daya S.; And Others

188

The Career Counseling with Underserved Populations Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing effective career counseling to culturally diverse individuals is not the same as helping those from majority cultures. The Career Counseling With Underserved Populations model aids career counselors in supporting underserved populations as they strive to address their important career counseling issues.

Pope, Mark

2011-01-01

189

Current Practices & Future Implications for Internet Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the counseling profession, the use of the Internet is a novel phenomenon and one that is continuing to attract and demand counselors' attention. There are those who advocate on its behalf, while others scrutinize it with disapproval. It is argued that the counseling profession has both a duty and an ethical obligation to meet the needs and…

Attridge, William C.

190

Mandatory Counseling: Clinical Beneficence or Malevolence?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mandatory counseling is a widespread and commonly accepted practice on college campuses throughout the nation. This practice bestirs heated controversy and ethical challenges when college administrators require students to undergo counseling in instances of misconduct that pose little danger to self or others. Apparently many counselors actively…

Amada, Gerald

2010-01-01

191

78 FR 22767 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the National Credit Union Administration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...concurrence of the Office of Government Ethics (OGE), is issuing this final rule for...Union Administration, Alternate Agency Ethics Official, Office of General Counsel...necessary to properly implement its respective ethics program. To date, the NCUA Board...

2013-04-17

192

76 FR 19901 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Members and Employees of the Securities and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Exchange Commission and Office of Government Ethics. ACTION: Final rule...concurrence of the Office of Government Ethics is amending its Supplemental Standards...INFORMATION CONTACT: Shira Pavis Minton, Ethics Counsel, Office of the General...

2011-04-11

193

Career Counseling and the Information Highway: Heeding the Road Signs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traveling the "information highway" in the process of career counseling or providing career counseling services via the Internet pose additional challenges for counselors. The authors use current ethical guidelines to guide discussion of, and possible resolutions to, challenges posed by incorporating the Internet into career counseling. (Contains…

O'Halloran, Theresa M.; Fahr, Alicia V.; Keller, Jenny R.

2002-01-01

194

Graduate Counseling Students' Learning, Development, and Retention of Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated 52 graduate counseling students' levels of ethical and legal knowledge (Lambie, Hagedorn, & Ieva, 2010) and social-cognitive development (Hy & Loevinger, 1996) at three points: (a) prior to a counseling ethics course, (b) at the completion of the course, and (c) four months later. Students' ethical

Lambie, Glenn W.; Ieva, Kara P.; Mullen, Patrick R.

2013-01-01

195

Practical, Ethical, and Legal Considerations regarding Videocounseling in College and University Counseling Centers: A Response to Quarto's "Influencing College Students' Perceptions of Videocounseling"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are numerous factors and concerns to take into consideration when implementing new technology into a counseling center's practice. These factors--informed consent, confidentiality, record-keeping, licensure, technical issues, eligibility, emergencies, and staff perceptions--are legitimate and must be addressed and resolved before…

Menzano, Silvestro; Goodwin, Alan; Rockett, Geraldine; Morris, Kathy

2011-01-01

196

W. G. Perry's Model of Intellectual and Ethical Development: Implications of Recent Research for the Education and Counseling of Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Liberal arts approaches to university education and many theories of counseling share as a goal the development of critical thinking in the individuals served. Such thinking requires the ability to consider the context within which one is working and the context within which the events and ideas under consideration occur. William Perry has…

Sheese, Ron; Radovanovic, Helen

197

Genetic Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

Genetic counseling provides information and support to people who have, or may be at risk for, genetic disorders. A ... meets with you to discuss genetic risks. The counseling may be for yourself or a family member. ...

198

Why Do Staff of Joint-Use Libraries Sometimes Fail to Integrate? Investigating Cultures and Ethics in a Public-Tertiary Joint-Use Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Joint-use libraries have identified staff integration as a problem. Using focus groups, this project investigated the culture, professional ethics, and attitudes of staff in a public-tertiary joint-use library in Auckland, New Zealand. Findings show some difference in organizational cultures, but more variation at the lower level of roles and…

Calvert, Philip James

2010-01-01

199

Impact of human genome initiative-derived technology on genetic testing, screening and counseling: Cultural, ethical and legal issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetic medical services provided by the Georgia Division of Public Health in two northern and two central districts are compared to services provided in a district in which a tertiary care facility is located. Genetics outreach public health nurses play key roles in Georgia's system of Children's Health Services Genetics Program, including significant roles as counselors and information sources on

R. W. Trottier; F. C. Hodgin; M. Imara; D. Phoenix; S. Lybrook; L. A. Crandall; R. E. Moseley; D. Armotrading

1993-01-01

200

Ethics and Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors draw on wide professional experience to address the recent failures in corporate conduct in the United States, the emerging corrective measures and the increasing public outcry for ethical accountability in organisations and governments. They conclude that it is essential that ethics are integral to the culture of an organization; a superficial grafting on of an ethical code will

Stephen D. Potts; Ingrid Lohr Matuszewski

2004-01-01

201

Outplacement: The New Counseling Frontier.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Outplacement: The New Counseling Frontier" (Branstead); "Interview with Bob Ward"; "Ethics of Outplacement" (Axmith); "Outplacement--The View from Over Here" (Murray); "In-House Outplacement Programs for the 1990s and Beyond" (Benedict); "Government and Outplacement" (Colon-Rivera); "What Does It Take to Be an Effective Outplacement…

Branstead, Elizabeth; And Others

1991-01-01

202

Comments on "Multicultural Career Counseling."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comments on previous four articles concerning multiculturalism in career counseling. Discusses recognition of ethnocentric attitudes; recognition of differences in social class and lifestyle; realization that greater cultural distance between original norming group and group under counseling, lower will be validity of methods used to assess…

Triandis, Harry C.

1993-01-01

203

Geosciences: an important tool for the ethical advancement and the economic and cultural development of our society  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a society in economic, cultural and ethical terms is always linked to the growth of the scientific and technical knowledge. It follows that the downsizing of the scientific research brings to a slower growth or even, as it is happening these days in Italy, a real cultural decay. The consequences of the economic crisis are evident to everyone, but it is precisely in times of crisis that the best strategies to restart the economy and give new cultural perspectives to society are studied. The crisis is also contrasted with ideas and ability to put them into practice. This, however, also presupposes a different cultural approach, which has to also include a review of values and beliefs, and a redefinition of the objectives to be pursued. This approach is modeled on the basis of several positive experiences that a country can boast. Among these experiences, there are those arising from the scientific culture: geology, for example, such as chemistry, biology or other sciences, can help to change vision. The research and practice of Earth sciences have important implications on the life and activities of the population and therefore the geoscientists, as active subjects in the society, should question their role and responsibilities. They should be at the service of society, especially in the fields of prevention from natural hazards and valorization of georesources. In this sense they can give important indications for economy and development of their country. The Italian Council of Geologists (Consiglio Nazionale dei Geologi - CNG) acts with the aim of highlighting the social role of geoscientists, hoping for a new cultural Renaissance, which leads to new researches, without obscurantism or prejudices. In an authoritative way, the CNG intends to put this social role before any demand from the professional category. Therefore, it has recently presented its political Manifesto, geared essentially to the good governance of the territory, to all the Italian political parties and candidates to the role of Prime Minister, asking them to share it in their election programs. This paper stresses that geology can and must bring those contributions which society requires, in respect of a comprehensive view of the land and its management, with an integrated approach to the major issues that directly or indirectly involve the whole society: finding, exploitation and proper management of natural resources (water, raw materials and sources of energy); knowledge of natural hazards and risks and consequent planning of all those actions necessary and indispensable, since the territorial safety is a fundamental right of every citizen. If the geosciences and geoscientists will be placed at the base of the economic and social structure of a modern country, consequently their contribution in terms of ethical and cultural progress of society will become essential.

Vito Graziano, Gian

2013-04-01

204

Genetic Counseling for Breast Cancer Susceptibility in African American Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Increasingly, the cultural beliefs and values of women are being recognized as important factors in genetic counseling for breast cancer susceptibility. Despite recommendations to increase the cultural sensitivity of genetic counseling, such programs have...

C. Hughes

2006-01-01

205

Transcultural Counseling. Second edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New trends in transcultural theory, expanded cultural paradigms, innovative counseling techniques for working with diverse ethnic groups, and a comprehensive discussion of professional issues are presented in this second edition of a popular text. This edition is designed to support curriculum changes in counselor education programs to maximize…

McFadden, John, Ed.

206

When Sociopolitical Events Strike Cultural Beliefs: Divergent Impact of Hurricane Katrina on African Americans' and European Americans' Endorsement of the Protestant Work Ethic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can a single, powerful sociopolitical event (government's response to Hurricane Katrina) produce changes in prevalent cultural beliefs such as the Protestant work ethic (PWE)? In a cross-sectional study conducted before, immediately after, and 5 months after Katrina (Study 1: Part a), in a longitudinal study tracking participants immediately after Katrina and 3 months later (Study 1: Part b), and in

Sheri R. Levy; Antonio L. Freitas; Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton; Heather Kugelmass; Lisa Rosenthal

2010-01-01

207

Non-Medical Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... Counseling Document Translation Financial Counseling Language Interpretation Services SECO Counseling Tax Services Log in for counseling Log ... Signs of Stress in Children after a Disaster Tools *Non-Medical Counseling Products* Honoring Our Babies and ...

208

Ethics and Transcultural Nursing Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that nursing practice and theory cannot be ethical unless cultural factors are taken into consideration and that ethical/transcultural nursing is central to the philosophy and practice of nursing. (Author)

Eliason, Michele J.

1993-01-01

209

Cultural Values and Attitudes towards Guidance and Counselling Services in One Secondary School in Malaysia: The Role of a School Cultural System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This narrative ethnographic study aims to explore students' attitudes towards guidance and counselling services in one secondary school in Malaysia. Semi-structured individual interviews, group interviews and observations were conducted with school students of different racial backgrounds. They were identified as referred clients,…

Daud, Nurul Ain Mohd; Bond, Tim

2013-01-01

210

Culturally Responsive Teaching as an Ethics- and Care-Based Approach to Urban Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows culturally responsive teaching affects urban students positively. Current literature is an excellent resource for urban teacher preparation and provides definitions, models, and examples to help preservice teachers recognize the "how" and "what" of culturally responsive teaching. Missing, however, is an accessible, in-depth…

Shevalier, Rae; McKenzie, Barbara Ann

2012-01-01

211

Assessing the ethical weight of cultural, religious and spiritual claims in the clinical context  

PubMed Central

The aim of this paper is to expand upon the conclusions reached by Orr and Genesen in their 1997 article (published in this journal), Requests for ‘inappropriate' treatment based on religious beliefs.1 Assuming, with Orr and Genesen, that claims made in the name of religion are not absolute, I will propose some principles for determining when claims based on religious beliefs or cultural sensibilities "trump" other considerations and when they do not. Key Words: Cultural, religious, and spiritual claims for treatment • idiosyncratic cultural or religious views • recognition of existential reality

Buryska, J.

2001-01-01

212

Education, Culture, Human Rights, and International Understanding: The Promotion of Humanistic, Ethical, and Cultural Values in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, prepared by the Chief Inspector of Schools in France, is based on work done by UNESCO in enhancing the humanistic, cultural and international dimensions of both formal and non-formal education. The paper consists of a synopsis of the work relating to the various aspects of humanistic education, and a select bibliography. Although…

Best, Francine

213

A Continuation of the Dialogue on Issues in Counseling in the Postmodern Era.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a continuation of the dialogue among Albert Ellis, Jeffrey T. Guterman, Earl Ginter, Sandra A. Rigazio-DiGilio, Allen E. Ivey, and Don C. Locke that has been appearing in the Journal of Mental Health Counseling on ethical issues of counseling in the postmodern era. Specifically addresses the ethical, constructivist, multicultural, and…

Ellis, Albert

2000-01-01

214

An Ethics Primer: Ethical Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a PDF that provides a short introduction to ethical questions and strategies having to do with Ethics instruction. The PDF describes an overview of ethical questions and develops student understanding of ethical questions through three different worksheets.

2008-01-01

215

College and University Counseling Centers: Questions in Search of Answers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College and university counseling centers are being influenced by changing populations of students and the concerns of a variety of constituencies and stakeholders about mental health issues. Although counseling centers can be important institutional resources in matters of recruitment, retention, and risk management, new legal and ethical issues…

Bishop, John B.

2006-01-01

216

The Journal of College Admission Ethics Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is the first significant body of literature on ethics in college admission published by the National Association for College Admission Counseling. The series is a select compilation of articles on ethics published in the Journal of College Admission in 1998 and 1999. The book is a source of information for the beginning and experienced…

Loveland, Elaina C., Ed.; Raynor, Joyce, Ed.

217

Ethical Considerations of Social Networking for Counsellors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of online social networking websites has increased among Canadians in recent years. There are many professional and ethical implications for counsellors who use these sites (Boyd, 2007). Although they offer advantages to counsellors, their use can also raise issues around ethical conduct. Because the counselling literature has not yet…

Bratt, William Edgar Vernon

2010-01-01

218

Ethics and International Curriculum Work: The Challenges of Culture and Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The widely cited, though highly contested, idea that "the world is flat" (Friedman, 2004) carries with it a call for education to provide a leveling effect across continents and cultures Students in Skokie or in Skopje, as the theory goes, are expected to experience a school curriculum that shares certain common elements, goals, and purposes. Such…

Mason, Terrence C., Ed.; Helfenbein, Robert J., Ed.

2012-01-01

219

The Ethno-Cultural, Linguistic and Ethical Problems of the "Infosphere."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests actions for a long-term international program to preserve cultural diversity and multilingualism in the global information society, including: use of major languages for scientific communication; development of retrieval systems in the different national languages; development of computer translation systems; and teaching of the major…

Arsky, J. M.; Cherny, A. I.

1997-01-01

220

Living Together with Differences: Quebec's New Ethics and Religious Culture Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nowadays it is generally agreed that education plays a vital role in learning to live together through the progressive discovery of others, their culture and spirituality, and through involvement in common projects. The renewed curriculum in Quebec follows this general tendency, since such learning is at the very heart of the aims targeted by the…

Bouchard, Nancy

2009-01-01

221

An Ethical Solution to the Challenges in Teaching Anatomy with Dissection in the Chinese Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities and medical schools in China are faced with an ongoing shortage of cadavers for education and research because of insufficient numbers of cadaver donations. This article will examine the main obstacles to cadaver donation in the Chinese culture. These include superstitious traditional views about the body, a lack of legislation…

Zhang, Luqing; Wang, Yunfeng; Xiao, Ming; Han, Qunying; Ding, Jiong

2008-01-01

222

Interpreting advance directives: ethical considerations of the interplay between personal and cultural identity.  

PubMed

In many industrialized countries ethicists and lawyers favour advance directives as a tool to guarantee patient autonomy in end-of-life-decisions. However, most citizens seem reluctant to adopt the practice; the number of patients who have an advance directive is low across most countries. The article discusses the key argument for seeing such documents as an instrument of self-interpretation and life-planning, which ultimately have to be interpreted by third parties as well. Interpretation by third parties and the process of self-reflection are conceptually linked by a qualitative concept of identity. Identity is conceived here as constructed in a processual dialogue between a personal and a cultural perspective. How the cultural dimension comes into play in understanding the motivation, rejection or content of wished for end-of-life-decisions, is shown by a brief review of empirical and cultural studies. Understanding advance directives as a culturally embedded tool of self-interpretation should help to overcome urgent moral problems in clinical settings: how to interpret such documents, how to deliberate on the content and on the best form. PMID:19424803

Schicktanz, Silke

2009-06-01

223

Publishing Ethical Research: A Step-by-Step Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To publish ethical research, one must conduct research responsibly, making ethical choices from the inception of the research idea and throughout the research process. Conducting and publishing ethical research is important because of the impact the results will have on the counseling profession. Steps to consider are discussed.

Wester, Kelly L.

2011-01-01

224

31 CFR 0.105 - Deputy Ethics Official.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Deputy Ethics Official. 0.105 Section 0.105... Responsibilities § 0.105 Deputy Ethics Official. The Chief Counsel or Legal...bureau, or a designee, is the Deputy Ethics Official for that bureau. The...

2013-07-01

225

Bringing Advocacy Counseling to Life: The History, Issues, and Human Dramas of Social Justice Work in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article accentuates the human experiences at the heart of social justice work in counseling. The history, counselor attributes, skills, costs, pitfalls, rewards, and ethical issues associated with advocacy counseling are highlighted. Article concludes with a discussion of the personal moral imperatives that inspire social activism and the…

Kiselica, Mark S.; Robinson, Michelle

2001-01-01

226

Building multicultural counselling bridges: The holy grail or a poisoned chalice?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines the arguments related to contemporary notions of multiculturalism, including the ethical dilemmas involved in multicultural counselling. The paper argues that the present proliferation of untried, untested, and unreliable counselling theories in Western countries is inimical to the construction of genuine multicultural counselling bridges. It advocates the abandonment of such theories. It offers a model, which combines Eastern

Pittu Laungani

2005-01-01

227

A cross-cultural assessment of attitudes of business students toward business ethics : A comparison of China and the USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine whether undergraduate and graduate business students in China and the USA share similar attitudes with regard to business ethics. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using an instrument derived from Becker and Fritzsche, this study measured attitudes toward eight business ethics value statements. In addition, the survey asked respondents to report the degree to

Spero C. Peppas; Tyler T. Yu

2007-01-01

228

The Impact of Perception of Performance Appraisal and Distributive Justice Fairness on Employees' Ethical Decision Making in Paternalist Organizational Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethics in decision making has been an issue for academics, practitioners, and governmental regulators for decades. In the last decade, numerous scandals and consequently many corporate crises in the global business world have added credence to the criticisms of business ethics. Therefore, it is vital to understand the factors affecting employees'…

Goksoy, Asli; Alayoglu, Nihat

2013-01-01

229

Islamic work ethic – A moderator between organizational commitment and job satisfaction in a cross-cultural context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the moderating impacts of the Islamic work ethic on the relationships between organizational commitment and job satisfaction. It uses a sample of 425 Muslim employees in several organizations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The empirical results indicate that the Islamic work ethic directly affects both organizational commitment and job satisfaction, and that it moderates the relationship

Darwish A. Yousef

2001-01-01

230

Institutional Review Boards and Professional Counseling Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional review boards (IRBs) are responsible for regulating and safeguarding research with human participants in academic institutions in the United States. The authors explore (a) the historical impetus for IRBs, (b) the ethical values and principles as core components of the review process, and (c) the American Counseling Association's…

Robinson, Edward H., III; Curry, Jennifer R.

2008-01-01

231

Directions in Substance Abuse Counseling, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of six lessons provides expert information on a variety of issues in substance abuse counseling. The lessons, which may be applied toward continuing education credits, are: (1) "Ethics in Substance Abuse Rehabilitation" (Robert L. Hewes); (2) "Addressing the Needs of Clients with Traumatic Injury and Alcoholism" (Charles H.…

Cohen, Adam W., Ed.

2000-01-01

232

Approaches to Ethics in International Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies major issues in international business ethics (such as cultural relativism and ethical imperialism) that should be addressed when incorporating ethics in international business education. Also discusses instructional approaches, including alternative ways of thinking about morality, philosophy versus practice, the ethical agent, and…

Iyer, Gopalkrishnan R.

1999-01-01

233

SHORT-TERM EFFECT OF A CULTURAL ADAPTATION OF VOLUNTARY COUNSELING AND TESTING AMONG FEMALE SEX WORKERS IN CHINA: A QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL TRIAL  

PubMed Central

This study evaluates the efficacy of cultural adaptation of a voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) intervention, in increasing condom use and decreasing rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among a group of female sex workers (FSWs) in Guangxi, China. This intervention is modeled after the “state–of–the–science” VCT program that was developed and evaluated by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Project RESPECT. Four hundred FSWs were assigned to either an intervention group receiving the VCT intervention or a control group receiving standard of care STD testing and treatment. Data were collected at baseline and 6 months postintervention. Outcome measures included HIV/STD related knowledge and perceptions, condom use, and history of STDs. Five common STDs were screened and tested through clinical examination and laboratory testing to serve as biomarkers. After controlling for potential confounders and baseline differences, the VCT intervention group was significantly higher than the control group in HIV/STD related knowledge (p < .0001) and consistent condom use with clients (odds ration [OR] = 2.23; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.26–3.96) at 6 months follow–up. In addition, the intervention group had a significantly lower infection rate of STDs than the control group at follow–up (OR = 0.44; 95% CI = 0.24–0.80). This quasi–experimental trial provides evidence that the brief VCT intervention, through appropriate cultural adaptation, can be efficacious in increasing condom use and reducing STD infection rate among FSWs in China.

Li, Xiaoming; Wang, Bo; Fang, Xiaoyi; Zhao, Ran; Stanton, Bonita; Hong, Yan; Dong, Baiqing; Liu, Wei; Zhou, Yuejiao; Liang, Shaoling; Yang, Hongmei

2007-01-01

234

Counseling Guilt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses these categories of guilt: parental guilt imposed on children, lover and spouse related guilt, children inspired guilt, school inspired guilt, church related guilt, and sexual expression guilt. Recommends counseling professionals need to reinforce individual's need to be aware guilt exists by choice and can be eliminated by choice. (ABL)

Updike, Thomas L., Jr.; And Others

1987-01-01

235

The Importance of Both Similarities and Differences in Multicultural Counseling: Reaction to C. H. Patterson.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reacts to C. H. Patterson's article (this issue) concerning multicultural counseling. Asserts that there are problems with historical concepts of counseling, the definition of culture, and the practice of counseling in multicultural settings. A cultural-centered approach to counseling recognizes that the client has internalized patterns of…

Pederson, Paul

1996-01-01

236

Death Competence: An Ethical Imperative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors argued that death competence, defined as specialized skill in tolerating and managing clients' problems related to dying, death, and bereavement, is a necessary prerequisite for ethical practice in grief counseling. A selected review of the literature tracing the underpinnings of this concept reveals how a robust construct of death…

Gamino, Louis A.; Ritter, R. Hal, Jr.

2012-01-01

237

Cultural and Ethical Issues in Working with Culturally Diverse Patients and Their Families: The Use of the Culturagram to Promote Cultural Competent Practice in Health Care Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY. In all aspects of health and mental health care-the emer- gency room, the outpatient clinic, inpatient facilities, rehab centers, nursing homes, and hospices-social workers interact with patients from many different cultures. This paper will introduce an assessment tool for health care professionals to advance understanding of culturally diverse patients and their families. (Article copies available for a fee from

Elaine P. Congress

238

Ethical issues and Huntington's disease.  

PubMed

The practice of genetic counselling gives rise to many ethical dilemmas, and counsellors need to be familiar with the principles of biomedical ethics. The primary principles include respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence and justice. A case of identical twins at 50% risk for Huntington's disease, in which only one twin sought predictive testing for this dominantly inherited disease, created several ethical dilemmas. Another case where predictive testing was carried out on two young children, at high risk, by a laboratory at the request of an adoption agency and a doctor, with a view to giving information to the foster parents, also posed many ethical conundrums for the counsellor. The ethical issues that arose in these cases are discussed in this paper.  PMID:24300652

Kromberg, Jennifer G R; Wessels, Tina-Marié

2013-12-01

239

Ethical Challenges in a Complex World: Highlights of the 2005 ACA Code of Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being an effective counselor includes having knowledge of and the ability to integrate a code of ethics into one's professional practice. This article addresses some of the highlights of the changes in the 2005 ACA [American Counseling Association] Code of Ethics such as end-of-life issues, boundaries and relationships, and multicultural and…

Kocet, Michael M.

2006-01-01

240

Counseling Talented Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of counseling needs of gifted learners reviews the literature on affective and self-concept issues and discusses strategies for addressing students' psychosocial, academic counseling, and career counseling needs. Counselor, parent, and teacher roles are addressed. Tables link student characteristics to counseling approaches, counseling

VanTassel-Baska, Joyce

1997-01-01

241

Disguised Ideologies in Counseling and Social Justice Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A social justice orientation for counseling is appealing to many but appears to some to violate counselor neutrality and respect for client freedom and rights. Confusion about neutrality and advocacy in the counseling field seems to reflect confused assumptions and values in the wider culture. As a result, counseling is guided more by a disguised…

Harrist, Steve; Richardson, Frank C.

2012-01-01

242

Infusing Professional Ethics into Counselor Education Programs: A Multicultural/Social Justice Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiculturalism and social justice counseling issues influence counselors' ethical thinking and behavior. Counselor educators are responsible for facilitating students' understanding of the relevance of multicultural/social justice counseling issues and ethical standards for professional practices. Added insights in these areas aid students to…

Pack-Brown, Sherlon P.; Thomas, Tequilla L.; Seymour, Jennifer M.

2008-01-01

243

Report of the ACA Ethics Committee: 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the activities of the American Counseling Association (ACA) Ethics Committee during the period of July 1, 2002, through June 30, 2003. Summary data of the complaints filed and the inquiries received are presented.

Hubert, Robert M.; Freeman, Larry T.

2004-01-01

244

Report of the Aca Ethics Committee: 2003-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the activities of the American Counseling Association (ACA) Ethics Committee during the period of July 1, 2003, through June 30, 2004. Summary data of the complaints filed and the inquiries received are presented.

Kocet, Michael M.; Freeman, Larry T.

2005-01-01

245

Ethical stockmanship.  

PubMed

The objective of this review is to consider the ethics of stockmanship, particularly from the perspective of the nature and extent of the duties of stockpeople to their farm animals. It will consider what science tells us about the impact of stockmanship on the animal, particularly the welfare of the farm animal. The effects of human-animal interactions on the stockperson will also be considered, since these interactions affect the work performance and job satisfaction of the stockperson and thus indirectly affect animal welfare. Animal ethics is broader than animal welfare and includes economic as well as philosophical, social, cultural and religious aspects. This paper is predicated on the view that farm animals can suffer, and that animal suffering is a key consideration in our moral obligations to animals. Housing and husbandry practices affect farm animal welfare and thus farmers and stockpeople have a responsibility to provide, at minimum, community-acceptable animal housing and husbandry standards for their animals. The farmer's or stockperson's attitudes and behaviour can directly affect the animal's welfare and thus they also have a responsibility to provide specific standards of stockmanship for these animals. However, research suggests that the behaviour of some stockpeople is not as correct as it might be. Such situations exemplify the inevitably unequal human - domestic animal relationship, and this inequality should be considered in analysing the boundary between right and wrong behaviour of humans. Thus ethical discussion, using science and other considerations and involving stockpeople, livestock industries, government and the general public, should be used to establish and assure acceptable stockperson competencies across the livestock industries. Training programs targeting the key attitudes and behaviour of stockpeople presently offer the livestock industries good opportunities to improve human-animal interactions. PMID:17470069

Hemsworth, P H

2007-05-01

246

Counseling Psychology and Professional School Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a historical, political, and organizational analysis regarding counseling psychology's involvement in professional school counseling. Issues discussed include collaboration, curriculum and training, and professional identity, as well as the commonalities that bind counselor education/professional school counseling and…

Pope, Mark

2004-01-01

247

Working With Gay Men From a Narrative Counseling Perspective: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Narrative counseling continues to gain attention in the family counseling field as a contemporary method of treatment. Scant attention has been given to the application of narrative counseling in working with gay males. Narrative counseling provides a framework to explore how cultural values, worldviews, power, and privilege influence the stories we live and impact emotional well-being. This article summarizes narrative

Ron McLean; Irmo Marini

2008-01-01

248

Older Women's Perceptions of Elder Maltreatment and Ethical Dilemmas in Adult Protective Services: A Cross-Cultural, Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, older African American, Latina, and Caucasian women from varying socioeconomic backgrounds participated in eight focus groups that examined their perceptions of elder maltreatment and three ethical dilemmas within adult protective service work: mandatory reporting, involuntary protective services, and criminalization of elder maltreatment. Participants espoused a broad and inclusive view of elder maltreatment. In responding to illustrative case

Emily Dakin; Sue Pearlmutter

2009-01-01

249

An Investigation of the Ethical Decision-Making of Preschool Teachers: A Cultural Study of a Sample in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the ethical decision-making of preschool teachers (N = 26) in Samsun, on the northern coast of Turkey, was examined. For this analysis, six real-life dilemmas were prepared, chosen from the problems that most often arise in kindergartens in Turkey. These dilemmas addressed the commitment of the teacher to the child, to self, to the…

Ozturk, Safak

2011-01-01

250

Honoring Their Way: Counseling American Indian Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors review current literature on issues facing American Indian (AI) women and discuss implications for providing culturally sensitive counseling with these women. A case study of a Dine (Navajo) woman living within mainstream society and holding true to her traditional cultural beliefs illustrates how a culturally responsive approach to…

Rayle, Andrea Dixon; Chee, Christine; Sand, Jennifer K.

2006-01-01

251

Issues in Indigenous Educational and Vocational Counselling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australian counselors working in Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander contexts must develop awareness of culture, language, social structure, value systems, and cultural identity of the population. Vocational guidance and counseling should address issues of isolation (geographic and cultural), connectedness, and resilience. (SK)

Crump, Desmond

2001-01-01

252

When Values and Ethics Conflict: The Counselor's Role and Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the core conditions of client-centered counseling and supported by aspects of psychodynamic, cognitive developmental, and behavioral theories, a perspective is introduced that provides a resolution to the dilemma experienced by counselors and counseling students whose personal values and beliefs conflict with the ethical guidelines of the…

Elliott, Glenda R.

2011-01-01

253

[Practical genetic counseling conducted by clinical neurologist].  

PubMed

With the increasing knowledge of the molecular bases for neurological disorders, neurologists are now often required to administer genetic testing and to present the resulting information effectively in clinical practice. In the neurologic clinical setting, genetic testing of affected individuals is usually taken into consideration for a correct diagnosis, but is rarely undertaken in healthy individuals to determine genetic risks for their life planning. Genetic counseling is indispensable for genetic testing because test results may cause serious distress for patients and their family members (referred to as "clients" in the counseling session). Genetic counseling is the medical process of communication that helps clients understand the nature of the genetic disorder and the options open to them in management and family planning. Through the counseling process, clients are given both the medical information and psychosocial support necessary for their own decision-making. Thus, the aim of genetic counseling is to support the client's decision-making process regarding genetic testing, and to avoid unfavorable actions after disclosure of test results. In the broad sense, genetic counseling is a part of ordinary clinical practice for patients with hereditary neurological disorders because neurologic clinical practice includes education and psychosocial support for patients. But clients seeking predictive genetic testing, which includes complicated ethical and psychosocial issues, should be referred to more specialized genetic counseling clinics that take a multi-disciplinary approach. The counseling process is not a one-way transmission of medical information by neurologists, but consists of two-way communication between patients and neurologists. It is therefore crucial for neurologists to master communication skills, particularly those involving active listening and empathic understanding, in order to conduct effective genetic counseling in clinical practice. PMID:22277396

Yoshida, Kunihiro

2011-11-01

254

Counseling Torture Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the psychological effects of torture (including solitary confinement) and the implications of torture for counseling and the counseling psychology profession. Discusses counseling issues related to diagnosis of torture victims, treatment, special considerations for counselors, use of testimony as counseling technique, and prognosis.…

Whittaker, Shaun R.

1988-01-01

255

LGBTQ Responsive School Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comprehensive, developmental school counseling is associated with positive outcomes. Despite this, research has indicated that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) students may still remain invisible and underserved in schools. The authors propose LGBTQ Responsive School Counseling for school counselors to address this potential gap. Examples of LGBTQ responsive school counseling curriculum, student planning, counseling, and systems support activities

Kristopher M. Goodrich; Melissa Luke

2009-01-01

256

Qualitative Approaches to Research in Counselling and Psychotherapy: Issues and Challenges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses key issues which address the distinctive dilemmas and challenges associated with qualitative approaches to evaluating counseling. Investigates such concerns as relationships with research participants, ethics, reflexivity, methodological choice, communicability, perspective, and obviousness. Makes some suggestions regarding the link…

McLeod, John

1996-01-01

257

Critical Thinking and Business Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that business communication uses the same forms (causal analysis, classification, etc.) as other forms of composition, and that the act of communicating in the social context of a business culture implies an ethical basis. Argues that ethics and moral development are part of a students' cognitive development and an inevitable part of…

Mahin, Linda

1998-01-01

258

Ethical Issues in Sex and Love Addiction Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sex and love addiction treatment can involve many complex ethical issues. Awareness of these potential problems can assist clinicians in improving efficacy and, at the same time, reducing risk. Ethical difficulties flow from the fundamental principle that counseling is a fiduciary relationship. Sex and love addicts present with multiple addictions, strong psychological defenses, and trauma histories, which often result in

Eric Griffin-Shelley

2009-01-01

259

Ethical Issues in Managed Care: Perspectives in Evolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a reaction to Cooper and Gottlieb's (this issue) article titled, "Ethical Issues with Managed Care: Challenges Facing Counseling Psychology." Challenges that many issues addressed by Cooper and Gottlieb have been longstanding in the profession. Argues against the belief that the managed care environment is fraught with more ethical

Belar, Cynthia D.

2000-01-01

260

Islamic Ethics and the Implications for Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

As global business operations expand, managers need more knowledge of foreign cultures, in particular, information on the ethics of doing business across borders. The purpose of this paper is twofold: (1) to share the Islamic perspective on business ethics, little known in the west, which may stimulate further thinking and debate on the relationships between ethics and business, and (2)

Gillian Rice

1999-01-01

261

Ethical Guidelines for Counselors when Working with Clients with Terminal Illness Requesting Physician Aid in Dying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the American Counseling Association (ACA) introduced a new ethical standard for counselors working with clients with terminal illness who are considering hastened death options. The authors' purpose is to inform counselors of the Death With Dignity Act and explore relevant ethical guidelines in the "ACA Code of Ethics" (ACA, 2005).

Kurt, Layla J.; Piazza, Nick J.

2012-01-01

262

Nursing Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing ethics in the 21st century will continue to be concerned with describing and communicating the characteristics of the “good” nurse, and describing nurses’ ethical practices. However, there is a growing concern that what constitutes nurses’ ethical practices is changing as patients are experiencing, by virtue of reduced reimbursements for health care services, limited time to be in a nurse-patient

Sara Fry

263

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

264

Directive counseling on long-acting contraception.  

PubMed Central

National rates of unintended births are a major public health concern. The availability of highly effective long-acting contraceptives has prompted some public officials to promote the coercive use of these methods to reduce such problems as intergenerational poverty and child abuse. Broad-brush public policies that require long-term contraceptive use are unethical. However, persuasion to use these methods can be appropriate. One place for exerting ethically justified influence is in family planning counseling. The dominant nondirective counseling model, which excludes the possibility of vigorous persuasion, is overly rigid. Family planning professionals should develop practice protocols that permit and guide the exercise of directive counseling to use long-acting contraception.

Moskowitz, E; Jennings, B

1996-01-01

265

Impact of human genome initiative-derived technology on genetic testing, screening and counseling: Cultural, ethical and legal issues. Progress report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetic medical services provided by the Georgia Division of Public Health in two northern and two central districts are compared to services provided in a district in which a tertiary care facility is located. Genetics outreach public health nurses play key roles in Georgia`s system of Children`s Health Services Genetics Program, including significant roles as counselors and information sources on

R. W. Trottier; F. C. Hodgin; M. Imara; D. Phoenix; S. Lybrook; L. A. Crandall; R. E. Moseley; D. Armotrading

1993-01-01

266

Brief Counseling: Helping Counselors Adopt an Innovative Counseling Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines Single-Session Brief Counseling; explains Brief Counseling training program; and discusses how Brief Counseling program satisfied training needs. Claims participation promotes professional and personal development. Suggests ways to incorporate Brief Counseling into school programs. (ABL)

Littrell, John M.; And Others

1992-01-01

267

Extending the Humanistic Vision: Toward a Humanities Foundation for the Counseling Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founding humanists argued that counseling should be ideologically grounded in the humanities. Currently, professional counseling culture is largely structured by scientific assumptions, which, the author maintains, have had a detrimental impact on the profession. Specific recommendations for shifting professional counseling culture to a humanities…

Hansen, James T.

2012-01-01

268

Ethical aspects of obesity prevention.  

PubMed

Programs to prevent overweight and obesity are needed in order to improve individual and public health, to support informed choice and to diminish the societal costs associated with overweight. However, lifestyle interventions frequently evoke ethical debate. The potential ethical pitfalls that arise with respect to the prevention of overweight regard consequences for physical health, psychosocial well-being, equality, informed choice, social and cultural values, privacy, the attributions of responsibilities and liberty. For doctors in gastroenterology, it is important to be aware of these ethical pitfalls, either because they apply directly to questions in the consulting-room, or because they help to create awareness of the societal context a patient lives in. An ethical framework is being presented to show which ethical issues play a role in obesity prevention and how they can be prevented, followed by reflection on the ethical issues in interventions and in policy and media debate. PMID:24810191

Ten Have, Marieke

2014-04-01

269

Race and Ethnicity: An 11-Year Content Analysis of "Counseling and Values"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Dimensions of Personal Identity Model proposed by Arredondo and Glauner (as cited in Arredondo et al., 1996), the authors reviewed the last 11 years of the Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling's journal, "Counseling and Values", specifically regarding the "A" dimensions of race and ethnicity. Twenty-five…

Baker, Caroline A.; Bowen, Nikol V.; Butler, J. Yasmine; Shavers, Marjorie C.

2013-01-01

270

The New ASERVIC Competencies for Addressing Spiritual and Religious Issues in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009, leaders in the Association for Spiritual, Ethical and Religious Values in Counseling (ASERVIC) developed new competencies for addressing spiritual and religious issues in counseling. This article briefly addresses the need for new ASERVIC competencies, provides an overview of the process whereby the new competencies emerged, and concludes…

Cashwell, Craig S.; Watts, Richard E.

2010-01-01

271

Global ethics and principlism.  

PubMed

This article examines the special relation between common morality and particular moralities in the four-principles approach and its use for global ethics. It is argued that the special dialectical relation between common morality and particular moralities is the key to bridging the gap between ethical universalism and relativism. The four-principles approach is a good model for a global bioethics by virtue of its ability to mediate successfully between universal demands and cultural diversity. The principle of autonomy (i.e., the idea of individual informed consent), however, does need to be revised so as to make it compatible with alternatives such as family- or community-informed consent. The upshot is that the contribution of the four-principles approach to global ethics lies in the so-called dialectical process and its power to deal with cross-cultural issues against the background of universal demands by joining them together. PMID:22073817

Gordon, John-Stewart

2011-09-01

272

Ethics Updates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1994 by Professor Lawrence M. Hinman of the University of San Diego, the Ethics Updates site is designed primarily to be used to ethics instructors and their students. However, the site is rather interesting, so members of the general public may find themselves making a few return visits. Visitors can use the drop-down tabs on the top of the homepage to make their way through sections that cover some of the basic theories of ethics and also learn more about applied ethics in relation to such issues as animal rights, torture, and world hunger. Moving on, the "Resources" area includes case studies for discussion, a glossary of terms, classic texts in ethics, and ethics surveys. The site is rounded out by a search engine and a selection of videos that deal with various topics in ethics.

Hinman, Lawrence M.

273

Challenges of Cultural and Racial Diversity to Counseling: Volume 2. Latin America and the United States. Mexico City Conference Proceedings (June 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from the second international conference of the American Counseling Association held in Mexico City in June 1990 are included in this book. The book is divided into four parts: community, diversity, communication, and spirituality. The following papers are included: (1) Myths, Realities, and Implications of the English Only Movement in the…

Gonzalez, Gerardo M., Ed.; and Others

274

The Schooling of Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing concern about a shrinking cultural consensus on values, coupled with religious pluralisation and the realisation that schooling is not, and cannot be, value-neutral, have led to proposals to teach ethics in schools, interpreted as a contribution of the discipline of philosophy to the common curriculum. To the extent that this approach is…

Hill, Brian V.

2014-01-01

275

Teaching Counselling in Universities: Match or Mismatch?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raises questions about the match between the culture of counseling and the culture of universities, with a particular emphasis on traditional university styles of pedagogy and the learning requirements of trainee counselors. Drawing on Kolb's model of experiential learning, examines issues relating to teaching methods and assessment procedures.…

Berry, Mary; Woolfe, Ray

1997-01-01

276

Genetic Counseling (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... how can they help your family? What Is Genetic Counseling? Genetic counseling is the process of: evaluating ... where a genetic counselor comes in. Continue About Genetic Counselors Genetic counselors are professionals who have completed ...

277

Workplace Counseling Tools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication describes counseling approaches supervisors and human resource professionals can use to help marginal employees become better adjusted and more productive in the workplace. Three case studies are also provided for training purposes. The counseling tools are as follows: (1) Adlerian counseling, involving the belief that humans'…

Kirk, James J.; Woody, Connie; Burns, Naomi; Howard, Sherrie; Rice, Misty

278

Counseling in Alcoholism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the counseling of alcoholics in an effort to determine its value and significance. It includes a cursory look at the development, etiology and history of treatment methods and the role of personality theory. However, the main emphasis is on the different types of counseling used in each particular counseling setting. The…

Lewis, Brian J.

279

Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Respect for diversity and for values different from one's own is a central value of counseling psychology training programs. The valuing of diversity is also consistent with the profession of psychology as mandated by the American Psychological Association's (APA's) Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct and as discussed in the Guidelines and…

Counseling Psychologist, 2009

2009-01-01

280

Ideas on the Margins: Professional Counseling and Ideological Insularity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to professionalize counseling practice have yielded extraordinary benefits to counselors. However, professionalization has also caused counselors to adopt strict definitions of their education, practices, and ethics. In order to combat the ideological insularity brought on by professionalization, several marginalized ideas are considered.…

Hansen, James

2010-01-01

281

Telephone Counseling for Smoking Cessation: What's in a Call?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a telephone counseling intervention for smoking cessation, with attention to the clinical issues of client assessment, motivation, self-efficacy, planning, coping, relapse-sensitive call scheduling, and self-image. Outlines counselor training and supervision issues, ethical and legal considerations regarding this form of service…

Zhu, Shu-Hong; And Others

1996-01-01

282

Ethics Updates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Lawrence M. Hinman of the University of San Diego provides ethics students with a unique kind of meta-page where the user can choose from a wide array of information formats within each of the 23 topics under the main sub-headings of ethical theory and applied ethics. Topics covered include ethical relativism, utilitarianism, race and ethnicity, and euthanasia, among others. Information formats include links to web sites, bibliographies, court decisions, legislation, relevant documents, and articles in popular and professional literature. Much of the site content is adapted from Hinman's books.

1997-01-01

283

The Internationalization of a School Counseling Program at a Catholic University: Reflections Generated by a Community of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the internationalization experiences of four school counseling faculty members in a counseling program at a Catholic university. Counseling in general and counseling schools have become a global profession. As a result, it is imperative for training programs to develop graduates who are culturally competent across the globe.…

Nash, Erika R.; Martin, Ian; Rowell, Lonnie; Hetherington, Peggy; Zgliczynski, Susan

2011-01-01

284

Genetic counseling services and development of training programs in Malaysia.  

PubMed

Genetic counseling service is urgently required in developing countries. In Malaysia, the first medical genetic service was introduced in 1994 at one of the main teaching hospitals in Kuala Lumpur. Two decades later, the medical genetic services have improved with the availability of genetic counseling, genetic testing and diagnosis, for both paediatric conditions and adult-onset inherited conditions, at four main centers of medical genetic services in Malaysia. Prenatal diagnosis services and assisted reproductive technologies are available at tertiary centres and private medical facilities. Positive developments include governmental recognition of Clinical Genetics as a subspecialty, increased funding for genetics services, development of medical ethics guidelines, and establishment of support groups. However, the country lacked qualified genetic counselors. Proposals were presented to policy-makers to develop genetic counseling courses. Challenges encountered included limited resources and public awareness, ethical dilemmas such as religious and social issues and inadequate genetic health professionals especially genetic counselors. PMID:23615969

Lee, Juliana Mei-Har; Thong, Meow-Keong

2013-12-01

285

77 FR 67380 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: Ethical Dilemmas in Surgery and Utilization of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request: Ethical Dilemmas in Surgery and Utilization of Hospital Ethics Consultation...Collection: Title: Ethical Dilemmas in Surgery and Utilization of Hospital Ethics Consultation...insight into the perspective and culture of surgery as it relates to ethical dilemmas in...

2012-11-09

286

76 FR 72955 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request: “Ethical Dilemmas in Surgery and Utilization of Hospital...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request: ``Ethical Dilemmas in Surgery and Utilization of Hospital Ethics Consultation...Collection: Title: Ethical Dilemmas in Surgery and Utilization of Hospital Ethics Consultation...insight into the perspective and culture of surgery as it relates to ethical dilemmas in...

2011-11-28

287

[Dissent in public health ethics. A guarantor for political credibility?].  

PubMed

Public health covers public activities linked with cure, prevention and health promotion directed to positively influence the health of populations. As far as these criteria are met, health policies are public health. Public health holds many ethical implications. Resources and health opportunities are redistributed, ends and means of public health as well as rights and duties have to be discussed, and conflicts exist between targets. Ethical policy counselling is an important complement to natural and social scientific policy counselling. However, ethical counselling cannot solve conflicts about values and norms nor does it claim to do so. There are different theories and approaches, recommended principles differ and are in conflict with each other. It must not be expected that a generally accepted frame for public health ethical policy counselling will be developed. Public health ethics can develop an ordering effect and enforce more clarity for actors about their values and norms, but in case of unresolvable dissent between experts it can also be misused to give support to the legitimation of political decisions. Orientation of consulting activities towards the "pragmatistic model" (Habermas) and a counselling of the civil society is promising to prevent such exploitation. PMID:19326056

Michelsen, K

2009-05-01

288

Ethically Speaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Making ethical decisions is of the utmost importance, because peoples' lives depend on those decisions. As illustrated in the case studies, it is the individual engineering manager who ultimately decides if he or she is going to ethically make the complex decisions created by a competitive environment.

K. L. B. Cook

2008-01-01

289

Beyond Easy Answers: Prenatal Diagnosis and Counseling During Pregnancy: EDITOR'S NOTE:?The following five papers were presented as part of a panel discussion entitled “Beyond Easy Answers: Prenatal Diagnosis and Counseling During Pregnancy” at the 2000 annual meeting of The American Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Association. The series of papers explore how families and doctors respond when a prenatal diagnosis is made, and consider ethical and social issues around counseling, managing information, and making decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The advancing sophistication and availability of prenatal diagnos- tic technologies, such as transvaginal ultrasound, chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis, and alpha feto-protein testing, have increased the medical ca- pacity to detect genetic and congenital conditions during pregnancy. This pa- per raises many social and ethical questions about how families, craniofacial teams, and society respond when a prenatal diagnosis is made

Ronald P. Strauss

2002-01-01

290

[Ethical aspects].  

PubMed

The relation is considered between ethical choices, morals and deontology in plastic surgery of the male external genitals. Ethics dictates the behavioural model applied by an individual or group in their actions. Professional ethics--deontology--is the collection of duties governing the exercise of a certain profession. Morals are the set of rules governing an individual's life in society. Ethics, deontology and morals do not always convey the same message, since environmental, racial and religious situations, custom, and even fashion can influence a patient's demands, reflecting his desire to improve his quality of life, even only from the purely hedonistic viewpoint, and the specialist's attitude. Surgeons are increasingly tending to bend to these demands or--much worse--even encourage and foster them, with a view to financial considerations. The attitude and ethical choices available are examined in relation to surgery to lengthen or enlarge the penis. PMID:9882901

Della Morte, E; Cappellano, F; Catanzaro, F

1998-12-01

291

Ethics CORE  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ethics CORE Digital Library, funded by the National Science Foundation, "brings together information on best practices in research, ethics instruction and responding to ethical problems that arise in research and professional life." It's a remarkable site where visitors can make their way through ethics resources for dozens of different professions and activities. The Resources by Discipline area is a great place to start. Here you will find materials related to the biological sciences, business, computer & information science, along with 14 additional disciplines. The Current News area is a great place to learn about the latest updates from the field. Of note, these pieces can easily be used in the classroom or shared with colleagues. The dynamism of the site can be found at the Interact with Ethics CORE area. Active learning exercises can be found here, along with instructional materials and visitors' own lessons learned.

292

Islamic medical ethics: a primer.  

PubMed

Modern medical practice is becoming increasingly pluralistic and diverse. Hence, cultural competency and awareness are given more focus in physician training seminars and within medical school curricula. A renewed interest in describing the varied ethical constructs of specific populations has taken place within medical literature. This paper aims to provide an overview of Islamic Medical Ethics. Beginning with a definition of Islamic Medical Ethics, the reader will be introduced to the scope of Islamic Medical Ethics literature, from that aimed at developing moral character to writings grounded in Islamic law. In the latter form, there is an attempt to derive an Islamic perspective on bioethical issues such as abortion, gender relations within the patient-doctor relationship, end-of-life care and euthanasia. It is hoped that the insights gained will aid both clinicians and ethicists to better understand the Islamic paradigm of medical ethics and thereby positively affect patient care. PMID:17845488

Padela, Aasim I

2007-03-01

293

Ethics of environment and development  

SciTech Connect

How can we make ethical decisions about our environment in the face of increasingly conflicting needs and opinions This collection of essays offers a wide range of viewpoints representing many of the world's cultural and religious traditions to help readers better make such determinations for themselves. In this paper, the authors seek to clarify the ethical principles surrounding the concept of sustainable development. They provide a synoptic overview of the contemporary moral challenge of sustainable development and the similarities and differences in its interpretation throughout the world. In bringing together contributions by authorities in environmental ethics and developmental ethics, and by those who are addressing these questions from the perspectives of religion and humanistic philosophy, the book develops the concept of sustainability as the ethical approach to reconciling the needs of environmental conservation with economic development.

Engel, J.R.; Engel, J.G.

1990-01-01

294

Finding 'The Right Way': Toward an Army Institutional Ethic.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ethical lapses exemplified by Abu Ghraib, Mahmudiyah (Blackhearts), and Maywand (5/2 Stryker) are distressing symptoms of an even bigger, and potentially devastating, cultural shortcoming. The U.S. Army profession lacks an institutional ethical framew...

C. C. Barrett

2012-01-01

295

Finding 'The Right Way': Towards an Army Institutional Ethic.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ethical lapses exemplified by Abu Ghraib, Mahmudiyah (Blackhearts), and Maywand (5/2 Stryker) are distressing symptoms of an even bigger, and potentially devastating, cultural shortcoming. The U.S. Army profession lacks an institutional ethical framew...

C. C. Barrett

2012-01-01

296

The Study of Ethics in the Applied Science Curriculum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science classes are an appropriate place for students to examine relevant ethical problems. Nutrition science classes, in particular, discuss current scientific information as well as ethical issues, such as cultural differences, meanings attached to food

Dooley, Dian A.

2000-03-01

297

Counseling and Psychoanalysis: Advancing the Value of Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguably, the defining feature of the counseling profession is an appreciation for human diversity. Early counseling movements emphasized individual diversity, while multiculturalism and social justice highlighted cultural diversity. The author maintains that contemporary psychoanalytic thought can supply a needed intraindividual diversity…

Hansen, James T.

2010-01-01

298

Counseling the Inupiat Eskimo. Contributions in Psychology, Number 36.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful counseling interventions and treatment depend on understanding the worldview of the people to whom services are offered. This book provides culturally specific information about the Inupiat worldview of "personal well-being" as a basis for establishing counseling strategies. This perspective is obtained through interviews with 25…

Reimer, Catherine Swan

299

Relationships of Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Cultural Values, Ethical and Cognitive Developmental Levels, and Views of Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored relationships between preservice early childhood teachers' views of nature of science (NOS), cognitive developmental levels, and their cultural values. Using the Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire (VNOS-B) and interviews, we assessed views of NOS. The Learning Context Questionnaire (LCQ) was used to determine the…

Akerson, Valarie L.; Buzzelli, Cary A.

2007-01-01

300

Individualism and Collectivism: What Do They Have to Do with Counseling?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author defines individualism and collectivism before examining how they are integral parts of the counseling process for clients and counselors. Although individualism has been assumed to be the norm for the counseling culture in the United States, recent work notes the influence of collectivism on professionals and clients in the counseling

McCarthy, John

2005-01-01

301

A Program for Counseling and Campus Support Services for African American and Latino Adult Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes counseling and support services for African American and Latino adult learners that reduce barriers to graduation. Procedures adapted traditional counseling by (a) using faculty counselors and (b) including gender-, culture-, and adult-based perspectives in individual and group counseling and peer support. Support relevant to…

Gary, Juneau Mahan; Kling, Beverly; Dodd, Betty N.

2004-01-01

302

The Development of Professional Counseling in Uganda: Current Status and Future Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional counseling in Uganda has foundations in traditional cultures of its peoples, guidance offered in schools, and counseling to curb the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Currently, a definitive professional counselor profile in Uganda is being established. The Uganda Counselling Association continues the process of seeking legal authority to regulate…

Senyonyi, Ruth M.; Ochieng, Lois A.; Sells, James

2012-01-01

303

Employment Counseling Consultant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests consultants provide counselors with training, crisis support, information, communication with academic community, and participation in research contributing to higher counseling standards. (Author)

Millott, Robert F.

1969-01-01

304

Therapy and Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... from the following areas among others: psychiatry, clinical psychology, mental health counseling, clinical social work, marriage and family ... Cognitive Therapy for Depression by SJ Rupke, M.D., ...

305

Unprecedented times in the professionalisation and state regulation of counselling and psychotherapy: the role of the Higher Education Institute  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers a number of issues facing those involved in counselling and psychotherapy training within United Kingdom Higher Education Institutes. It is proposed that the increasing professionalisation of counselling and psychotherapy has significant implications for lecturers and trainers. The article will explore the tension between the Higher Education Institute's responsibility to maintain an ethical position when the market driven

David Murphy

2011-01-01

306

Ethical leadership.  

PubMed

In today's climate and environment, the conventional relationship between caring, economic, and administrative practices no longer serves the interest of patients, clinicians, or systems. A shift toward human caring values and an ethic of authentic healing relationships is required as systems now have to value human resources and life purposes, inner meaning, and processes for providers and patients alike. The costs of unethical behavior can be even greater for followers. When we assume the benefits of leadership, we also assume ethical burdens. It is the assertion and experience of the author that the triangle of ethics and ethical behavior, followers, and patient's outcomes are closely interrelated and affect each other in a very intimate and direct way. Unethical leadership may lead to follower disappointment and distrust, leading to lack of interest and commitment, consequently negatively impacting patient outcomes and organizational effectiveness. PMID:22864295

Keselman, David

2012-01-01

307

Ethics (lesson)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students examine some examples of ethical issues that have resulted from our expanded knowledge of neuroscience. They are asked to write a position paper describing their own point of view on one of these controversial topics.

2009-04-14

308

Ethical Issues and Considerations for Working with Community College Students with Severe and Persistent Mental Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with severe and persistent mental illnesses (e.g., schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders; moderate to severe mood, anxiety, dissociative, eating, or personality disorders) are attending community colleges in increasing numbers. Their need for counseling services presents counseling centers with unique ethical issues to consider. This…

Francis, Perry C.; Abbassi, Amir

2010-01-01

309

The Relationships among School Counselors' Multicultural Competence, Demographic Data and Ethical Decision-Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships, if any, among school counselors' multicultural competence, demographic data and ethical decision-making ability. The participants (N=160) for this study were members of the American Counseling Association (ACA) who designated their area of practice as school counseling. Participant's…

Strong, Laura A.

2010-01-01

310

Applying Qur'anic Metaphors in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years there has been increased attention to the importance of appropriate and relevant counseling interventions with culturally and religiously diverse populations. In accordance with the fact that Muslims rely on Qur'anic verses when answering the larger questions of life, "metaphor therapy" comes across as a technique that counselors…

Ahammed, Shaima

2010-01-01

311

Counselling Maori people in New Zealand [Aotearoa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an edited version of a seminal address given to a national association of counselors in New Zealand by a senior Maori figure professionally involved in the helping field. It focuses on a particular indigenous ethnic minority in terms of appropriate counseling, but has relevance for other traditionally-based cultures. After some attention to the societal context, the address

Mason Durie; Gary Hermansson

1990-01-01

312

Counsellor Education for Developing Multicultural Counselling Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct an exploratory investigation of a new course initiative in counselor education for working with culturally diverse populations. The study investigated: (1) outcomes of curriculum targeting multicultural competencies; (2) whether prior training experience in multicultural counseling would have an impact on…

Arthur, Nancy

313

Discourse Analysis in Career Counseling and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discourse analysis can be used to understand and interpret culturally and socially produced meanings regarding work and to outline how specific rules and conventions can configure meaning production of work in context. The implications of some core concepts in discourse analysis pertinent to career counseling are explored, including discourse,…

Stead, Graham B.; Bakker, Terri M.

2010-01-01

314

Beyond Financial Aid: Counseling Latina Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that Latina college students can be encouraged to negotiate the demand of college if their special needs are understood. Describes a counseling model used to develop a support group for Latina students at an urban college in the Northeast. Describes activities of group formed to address personal, cultural, and social issues that Latinas face…

Capello, Doris Correa

1994-01-01

315

Publishing International Counseling Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

2011-01-01

316

Counseling Psychologist or Heffelump?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to Holloway and Roehlke's article on training counseling psychologists. Identifies two critical issues: (1) the importance of professional identity and identification with the specialty of counseling psychology and (2) a means of communicating the specialty's similarities to and differences from other psychological specialties. (ABB)

Drum, David J.

1987-01-01

317

Counseling in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling in Ireland has experienced rapid growth in the past 30 years. Public attitudes toward counseling have become more positive, especially with the increasing secularization of a once strongly religious Catholic society. Licensure is nonexistent but there are certification bodies that attempt to ensure qualified practice. There is no…

O'Morain, Padraig; McAuliffe, Garrett J.; Conroy, Kayte; Johnson, Jennifer M.; Michel, Rebecca E.

2012-01-01

318

Improvisation in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the supportive and effective uses of improvisation in counseling. Specifically, the intention in this paper is to accomplish three goals: to explore the history of improvisation in psychotherapy, to examine the aspects of improvisation that pertain to the counseling process, and to identify ways in which the use of…

Straehle, Manfred; Soucar, Beth

319

Dual Relationships in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues involving dual relationships in counseling are discussed in this monograph. Dual relationships occur when counselors have another, significantly different, relationship with one of their clients, students, or supervisees. This monograph is intended to be a resource that reflects the current thinking of the counseling profession and that…

Herlihy, Barbara; Corey, Gerald

320

Counseling with Exceptional Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adolescents with disabilities are an extremely heterogeneous group of diverse learners, each with unique learning strengths and needs. Often misunderstood and frequently less served by the counseling profession, these children and adolescents need counseling services just as much as, if not more than, other children. Federal…

Tarver-Behring, Shari; Spagna, Michael E.

2004-01-01

321

Special Issue: Leisure Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special issue includes (1) "Introduction" (Burlew); (2) "Leisure Counseling (LC): A Call to Order" (Emerson); (3) "Integrating Leisure into Adult Career Counseling Process" (Pearson); (4) "Developmental Approach to LC Theory" (McDaniels); (5) "LC for the Elderly" (Clark); (6) "LC with AIDS Clients" (Burlew); and (7) "The Leisure Sphere: Context…

Burlew, Larry D., Ed.; And Others

1992-01-01

322

Stressors in School Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stressors in school counseling were researched by surveying 240 school counselors about prevalence of stress experienced, sources of stress, and possible relationship between perceived stress and biographic variables (sex, age, marital status, assigned grade level, years of counseling experience). Counselors indicated moderate stress concerning…

Sears, Susan J.; Navin, Sally L.

1983-01-01

323

Futureprint Counseling Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A junior high school level program combines reading instruction with guidance counseling. Students become aware of their personal dignity, worth, and responsibility. An introduction to the rationale of classroom counseling precedes 6 sections of course materials and techniques. A section on values clarification contains exercises examining…

Guillen, Mary A.

324

Counseling Graduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how the understanding of graduate students' special needs and circumstances enhances counseling of this population. Looks at stress factors, educational preparation, delayed gratification, achieving autonomy, intellectual development, and the counseling process. Emphasizes the importance of establishing trust in the therapeutic dialog so…

Caple, Richard B.

1995-01-01

325

Ethical and Psychosocial Impact of Female Infertility  

PubMed Central

This manuscript reviews research from the past year on the ethical and psychosocial impact of infertility on women and men. We discuss several issues surrounding ovarian stimulation, particularly high-order multiple births, egg banking (especially for research purposes), and diminished ovarian reserve. We also present recent work on distress and counseling, which includes greater attention to subgroups of infertile women. More research on issues confronting men has emerged recently, and we outline these with regard to their relationships with infertile women, or as the infertility patient. Last, we outline some ethical issues posed by newer procedures of fertility preservation and uterine transplant.

Leyser-Whalen, Ophra; Temple, Jeff R.

2012-01-01

326

Ethical ideology and ethical judgment regarding ethical issues in business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences in ethical ideology are thought to influence individuals' reasoning about moral issues (Forsyth and Nye, 1990; Forsyth, 1992). To date, relatively little research has addressed this proposition in terms of business-related ethical issues. In the present study, four groups, representing four distinct ethical ideologies, were created based on the two dimensions of the Ethical Position Questionnaire (idealism and relativism),

Tim Barnett; Ken Bass; Gene Brown

1994-01-01

327

Ethical Considerations in Crisis and Humanitarian Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for professionals to volunteer their time in crisis situations and to reach across time and culture in the service of humanitarian interventions will likely not abate in the near future. This article provides readers with multiple venues for considering the ethical dimensions present in crisis and humanitarian interventions. Core ethical concerns common to helping situations are magnified in

Rita Sommers-Flanagan

2007-01-01

328

Technology in Art Therapy: Ethical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As technology advances, art therapy practices are adapting to the demands of a new cultural climate. Art therapists face a number of ethical challenges as they interact with increasingly diverse populations and employ new media. This article addresses some of the ethical and professional issues related to the use of technology in clinical…

Alders, Amanda; Beck, Liz; Allen, Pat B.; Mosinski, Barbara

2011-01-01

329

Students Who Self-Injure: School Counselor Ethical and Legal Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores ethical considerations that school counselors may need to address when providing counseling services to self-injurious students. Ethical issues related to student confidentiality, responsibilities to parents and to the school, and professional competence are discussed in relation to the American School Counselor Association's…

White Kress, Victoria E.; Costin, Amanda; Drouhard, Nicole

2006-01-01

330

Ethical Issues in Early Detection of HIV Infection To Reduce Vertical Transmission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: Proposals to make prenatal HIV testing routine and universal dramatize ethical issues regarding early detection of HIV. These proposals would abolish pretest counseling and written informed consent for prenatal HIV testing. Ethical concerns include whether pregnant women are adequately informed that they may refuse such testing and whether patients have an opportunity to obtain more detailed information about the

Bernard Lo; Leslie Wolf; Sohini Sengupta

2000-01-01

331

Teaching Ethics in International Business Courses: The Impacts of Religions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implicit in most comparative ethical studies is the assumption that cultural and religious differences between countries are the major reasons behind the variations in ethical beliefs and business practice across nations. This article examines research on the international ethical issues and the common moral concerns that permeate differing…

Ruhe, John; Lee, Monle

2008-01-01

332

For Researchers on Animals, Ethics Training Is Sparse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the past several decades have brought federal regulations that are designed to make animal research more humane, ethics courses still form only a patchwork across colleges. The amount and types of ethical training available to students vary widely by program and the culture of an institution. Now discussions about animal-research ethics that…

Keller, Josh

2008-01-01

333

Environmental Ethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dr. Ron Epstein of San Francisco State University has compiled this comprehensive online source of information on environmental ethics. The site is simply presented, consisting of a straightforward menu of topics that link mostly to related external Web pages. Topics covered include environmental effects of war, genetic engineering, cloning, indigenous peoples, and much more. While some of the provided links appear to be duds, anyone interested in exploring the field of environmental ethics should find this convenient and well-organized collection of links useful.

2008-06-11

334

The importance of levels of knowledge in developing a unified theory for HIV / AIDS counselling: a comparison of two culturally different samples.  

PubMed

56 male and 75 female third and fourth year undergraduate education students in Canada were surveyed with regard to their HIV/AIDS prevention strategies. A parallel survey was conducted in Harare, Zimbabwe, among 421 male and 209 female primary and secondary school teacher trainees of mean age 22.79 years in the range of 17-42. Their responses concerning knowledge about HIV/AIDS prevention methods are compared. The responses are presented and analyzed with the primary goal of placing findings in the context of Balmer's 1991 proposal of an unified theory for HIV/AIDS counseling. 89% in the Canadian sample and 15% in the Zimbabwean sample reported using condoms to prevent the transmission of HIV. Monogamy and abstinence were relatively common means of reducing the risk of HIV transmission cited by the Canadian sample, although the Zimbabwean sample clearly preferred to reduce the number of sex partners than adopt monogamy or abstinence. 21% of the Canadian sample and 33% of the Zimbabwean sample suggested that high risk practices and groups be avoided. The differences in responses observed between the two groups sampled suggest the importance of launching individual and group-based prevention strategies. Implications for research are discussed. PMID:12289884

Wilson, C; Stewin, L L

1993-12-01

335

Genetic Counseling for Hearing Loss.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses epidemiologic and demographic characteristics of hereditary hearing loss and genetic evaluation and counseling. It discusses who should have genetic counseling, the genetic counseling process, and effects of genetics technology on the genetic counseling process. A case study of a 2-year-old with severe sensorineural hearing…

Arnos, Kathleen S.

1997-01-01

336

Beyond the disorder: one parent's reflection on genetic counselling.  

PubMed Central

As a mother of two sons with adrenoleukodystrophy the author of this paper writes about her experiences of genetic counselling following the diagnosis. She discusses the dilemmas, emotions and aftermath this knowledge has brought to her family and the roles she played. Personal concerns are raised about the values guiding genetic counselling which, she found, focused on the technical details without considering the ethical implications arising from the new knowledge or the emotional dilemmas of prenatal testing. Some consequences of choice and the value of hope are discussed. She concludes by challenging genetic counsellors to deliver a service which not only provides technical information but is cognisant of the ethical considerations this information may foist upon a family.

McGowan, R

1999-01-01

337

Physician Weight Counseling for Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent obesity prevalence is increasing, with minimal study of physician weight counseling with youth. This study examines adolescents' (n=110) perceptions of physicians weight counseling. Overweight adolescents (>85th percentile for body mass index, BMI) report receiving counseling more than nonoverweight adolescents. Physicians more often have counseled obese (>95th BMI percentile) than overweight but not obese adolescents (85th-94th BMI percentile). Prior counseling

Brian E. Saelens; Elissa Jelalian; Danielle M. Kukene

2002-01-01

338

Genetic counselling in tribals in India  

PubMed Central

Genetic counselling in tribals unlike general population residing in cities and near villages is a difficult task due of their lower literacy and poor socio-economic status. However, sustained effort is essential with a close interaction in the local language, certain misbeliefs need to be removed gradually taking into account their socio-cultural background. The present communication deals with our experience in counselling for haemoglobinopathies during Neonatal Screening Programme undertaken for sickle cell disease in Kalahandi district of Orissa and Community Screening Programmes in primitive tribes of India in four States viz. Orissa, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Counselling during neonatal screening programme was very well accepted demonstrating the benefit to the small babies as regards the morbidity. Premarital marriage counselling was also accepted by them. The success rate as followed up for 5 years is almost 50 per cent, the limitation being long follow up. Genetic counselling in these areas has to be continuous to achieve success and therefore the need for setting up of permanent centres in the tribal areas in India.

Mohanty, Dipika; Das, Kishalaya

2011-01-01

339

Circumstantial Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates the difficulties of managing conflicts among formal standards in codes of ethics and among professional and personal standards through two examples from evaluation practice. The mediation of human judgment reveals an inevitable subjectivity that threatens the credibility of the field. (Author/SLD)

Mabry, Linda

1999-01-01

340

Is adaptive co-management ethical?  

PubMed

'Good' governance and adaptive co-management hold broad appeal due to their positive connotations and 'noble ethical claims'. This paper poses a fundamental question: is adaptive co-management ethical? In pursuing an answer to this question, the concept of adaptive co-management is succinctly summarized and three ethical perspectives (deontology, teleology and existentialism) are explored. The case of adaptive co-management in Cambodia is described and subsequently considered through the lens of ethical triangulation. The case illuminates important ethical considerations and directs attention towards the need for meditative thinking which increases the value of tradition, ecology, and culture. Giving ethics a central position makes clear the potential for adaptive co-management to be an agent for governance, which is good, right and authentic as well as an arena to embrace uncertainty. PMID:17391840

Fennell, David; Plummer, Ryan; Marschke, Melissa

2008-07-01

341

Incorporating global components into ethics education.  

PubMed

Ethics is central to science and engineering. Young engineers need to be grounded in how corporate social responsibility principles can be applied to engineering organizations to better serve the broader community. This is crucial in times of climate change and ecological challenges where the vulnerable can be impacted by engineering activities. Taking a global perspective in ethics education will help ensure that scientists and engineers can make a more substantial contribution to development throughout the world. This paper presents the importance of incorporating the global and cross culture components in the ethic education. The authors bring up a question to educators on ethics education in science and engineering in the globalized world, and its importance, necessity, and impendency. The paper presents several methods for discussion that can be used to identify the differences in ethics standards and practices in different countries; enhance the student's knowledge of ethics in a global arena. PMID:21769592

Wang, George; Thompson, Russell G

2013-03-01

342

Directed Art Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of art counseling in elementary schools, illustrated with a case study. The sessions involved serial drawing, in which the counselor asks the child to draw a house, tree, and person, as well as free drawings. (JAC)

Allan, John; Clark, Mary

1984-01-01

343

Organizing for Group Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three step process described is designed to increase member commitment and understanding of group counseling: first, a self selective process, second an intake interview procedure, and third, a discussion of sharing goals. (Author)

Nelson, Richard C.

1971-01-01

344

Counseling the Coronary Patient  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses counseling sessions designed to a) help the coronary patient adjust to cardiovascular disease, b) diminish patient anxieties and fears, and c) educate the patient and family members on controlling risk factors to deter another coronary attack. (JS)

Semmler, Caryl; Semmler, Maynard

1974-01-01

345

Sexual Counseling and Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ob/Gyn Department of Rambam University, Haifa, Israel, recently established a Center for Sexual Counseling, Therapy and Education. The Center's concept and format of therapy, and some preliminary observations, are presented. (Author)

Hoch, Zwi

1976-01-01

346

Homophobia in Counselling Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current attitudes of counselling practitioners towards sexual and gender differences raise the possibility that minority clients\\u000a may experience re-traumatisation due to in-session expressions of therapist homophobia. This paper explores these issues through\\u000a a qualitative study that examines client and counsellor narratives on homophobia in counselling. The results describe specific\\u000a examples of homophobic behaviour by counsellors. While individual examples might appear

Randolph Bowers; David Plummer; Victor Minichiello

2005-01-01

347

Ethical Issues in the Deinstitutionalization of Clients with Mental Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Claims that mental health counseling has not paid sufficient attention to the deinstitutionalization of clients in psychiatric hospitals or to their treatment in community programs. Describes the relevance of several key ethical principles in treating these clients in the community. Discusses conflicting interests of clients, politicians, funding…

Polcin, Douglas L.

1990-01-01

348

Ethical Responsibilities in Training Marriage and Family Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate programs in marriage and family counseling must adhere to ethical codes and standards for training students. A question arises concerning the amount of specialized training that should be included within the larger counselor education discipline. This article addresses the standards for training and competence as set forth by the Council…

Levitt, Dana Heller

2004-01-01

349

Spirituality: Implications for Professional School Counselors' Ethical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The separation between church and state (e.g., public education) is contentious. Furthermore, schools and many professional school counselors (PSCs) may choose to disregard and/or discount spirituality. This article (a) presents the importance of spirituality in counseling, (b) explores legal statutes and ethical standards relating to spirituality…

Lambie, Glenn W.; Davis, Keith M.; Miller, Geri

2008-01-01

350

Some Basics about Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of ethics focuses on the role of human performance technology professionals in helping corporate ethicists. Highlights include definitions of ethics, morals, values, and business ethics; ethics in academia and in business; and application of the knowledge of ethics to decision-making. (Contains 18 references.) (LRW)

Dean, Peter J.

1994-01-01

351

The Ethic of Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article proposes the concept of an ethic of community to complement and extend other ethical frames used in education e.g. the ethics of justice, critique, and care. Proceeding from the traditional definition of ethics as the study of moral duty and obligation, ethic of community is defined as the moral responsibility to engage in communal…

Furman, Gail C.

2004-01-01

352

Clinical ethics revisited  

PubMed Central

A decade ago, we reviewed the field of clinical ethics; assessed its progress in research, education, and ethics committees and consultation; and made predictions about the future of the field. In this article, we revisit clinical ethics to examine our earlier observations, highlight key developments, and discuss remaining challenges for clinical ethics, including the need to develop a global perspective on clinical ethics problems.

Singer, Peter A; Pellegrino, Edmund D; Siegler, Mark

2001-01-01

353

Our Ethical Responsibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to diminished public esteem means intensifying efforts to create an ethical college climate. Educators face these ethical challenges: managing institutions ethically; teaching ethics to students, both in class and in dealing with student behavior in an educational setting; and serving as ethical leaders for the wider community. (MSE)

Perlman, Daniel H.

1992-01-01

354

Admission, Ethics, and Financial Aid: Formulating and Applying an Ethical Framework to the Need-Blind Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the history and current status of college admission and develops an approach to resolve ethical problems. Applies this approach to the need-blind versus aid-blind controversy, an admission situation rooted in the counseling versus recruitment dilemma. (MKA)

Roth, Andrew

1998-01-01

355

Exploring the Content and Structure of Cross-Cultural Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an instrument designed to assess the content and structure of cultural attitudes. Methods of administration are described and analyses are illustrated by a case example of one counseling student before and after an introductory course in cross-cultural counseling. Applications to issues in research, counseling, and cross-cultural

Neimeyer, Greg J.; Fukuyama, Mary

1984-01-01

356

Genetic Counseling of Adults with Williams Syndrome: A First Study  

PubMed Central

We report on a study of genetic counseling to 43 adults with Williams syndrome (WS). Participants were initially asked what they knew about how WS occurs. Genetic counseling was provided with a focus on the basic genetics of WS, recurrence risk, and on participants’ attitudes toward socio-cultural topics. Forty nine % indicated they would be okay or happy if their baby had WS, 44% said they would be sad or upset, and 5% were unsure. The sad/upset group was significantly older than the okay/happy group and a significantly higher proportion of the former group indicated they did not plan to have children. During the post counseling session participants were questioned to determine if they recalled the facts previously presented. Eighy one % correctly gave the odds that their child would have WS. Fifty three % considered the 50-50 odds to be a high chance. After genetic counseling, 61% were able to state something that had been taught, and 88% indicated they would want to test their baby for WS before birth. Ninety eight% would recommend genetic counseling to others. Findings indicate that based on the type of genetic counseling provided in this study, the majority of individuals with WS—a genetic disorder associated with intellectual disability but with relative strengths in (concrete) language and in verbal rote memory—are able to learn simple facts about the genetics of WS and are eager to respond to socio-cultural questions regarding topics typically included in genetic counseling sessions.

Farwig, Katrina; Harmon, Amanda G.; Fontana, Kristina M.; Mervis, Carolyn B.; Morris, Colleen A.

2010-01-01

357

Prepurchase Counseling Curriculum for the Prepurchase Homeownership Counseling Demonstration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual serves as a guide in the preparation and delivery of counseling services to first - time homebuyers enrolled in the demonstration for counselors involved in the Prepurchase Homeownership Counseling Demonstration. HUD is conducting the program ...

P. E. Finn A. A. Phipps

1978-01-01

358

Focus on Teaching: Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that business today is concerned with the translation and application of ethical principles into everyday business life. Offers a list of Web sites on ethics and business ethics at various colleges and universities. (SR)

Worley, Rebecca B.; Dyrud, Marilyn A.

1998-01-01

359

The Ethics Connection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University, the Ethics Connection demonstrates the power of the Web as an interactive information and communication medium. This site combines excellent content, form, and function to provide teachers, researchers, community leaders, and the public "with strategies to heighten ethical awareness and improve ethical decision making." The rich information resources at the Ethics Connection include an interactive forum for the discussion of ethical issues; an extensive collection of the latest news and publications on ethics, featuring the Markkula Center's own quarterly, Issues in Ethics; a collection of several case studies on ethics, which include message boards for visitors' comments; a Practicing Ethics section, offering numerous resources for day-to-day ethical decision making; and a compilation of 900 ethical links, all of which are categorized, rated, and reviewed.

360

The Ghosts of Counseling Psychology: Is Counseling Research Really Dead?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scheel et al. offer an interesting analysis on the publication rate of counseling-related research articles in counseling psychology's two major journals. In this reaction to their work, the author considers various aspects of their results and contemplates possible explanations for the decline of counseling-related publications. The author…

Murdock, Nancy L.

2011-01-01

361

Invitational Counselling: An Expanded Framework for Comprehensive School Counselling Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of invitational counseling, an approach to counseling based on self-concept theory, perceptual psychology, and invitational theory. The approach is encouraged as an expanded framework for designing comprehensive school counseling programs of services for students, parents, and teachers. (Author/RJM)

Schmidt, John J.

1997-01-01

362

"Green" Counseling: Integrating Reused Household Materials into Creative Counseling Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of reused or recycled materials in counseling interventions provides counselors with an opportunity to use unique counseling mediums while simultaneously being socially and fiscally responsible. In this article, ways that reused or recycled items can be used in counseling are discussed. Practical suggestions for using reused or recycled…

Adamson, Nicole A.; Kress, Victoria E.

2011-01-01

363

Conflict in Multicultural Counseling Relationships: Source and Resolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines Hardin L. K. Coleman's model of six strategies that individuals use to cope with cultural diversity. Suggests that conflict in multicultural counseling relationships is often the result of divergence in the strategies used by counselors and clients to cope with cultural diversity. Suggests two ways of resolving such conflicts. (RJM)

Coleman, Hardin L. K.

1997-01-01

364

Integrating Multicultural Perspectives in Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the increasingly diverse student population of today's schools, there is a critical need for school counselors who are able to effectively guide and counsel students of culturally diverse backgrounds. As school counselors work with larger numbers of culturally different students, there is an increasing need for more school counselors who…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl

365

International Counseling Trainees’ Experiences and Perceptions of Their Multicultural Counseling Training in the United States: A Mixed Method Inquiry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined international counseling students’ (ICTs) experiences and perceptions of their multicultural counseling\\u000a training (MCT) in the United States. The focus was on (a) relevance of the training, (b) effectiveness of the training methods,\\u000a and (c) development of cross-cultural competence as trainees. Major findings indicated that ICTs found their MCT to be more\\u000a useful in the areas of knowledge

Shannon D. Smith; Kok-Mun Ng

2009-01-01

366

ERIC: Educational Counseling for Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief description of adult educational counseling, noting adult needs and anxieties, as well as problems arising from counselor attitudes. Several references and supplementary documents, dealing with both general and specific counseling situations, are listed. (JB)

Grabowski, Stanley M.

1972-01-01

367

Trends in Counseling and Psychotherapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed the views of both clinical and counseling psychologists regarding current trends in counseling and psychotherapy. Found psychoanalysis to be declining in popularity, while cognitive-behavioral options represented one of the strongest theoretical emphases today. (Author/GC)

Smith, Darrell

1982-01-01

368

Morality, Values, and Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the importance of ethical understanding, moral values, and cultural literacy in various aspects of life. Argues that community college leaders have a responsibility to enlighten students and the community with respect to morality, values, and culture. (DMM)

Martin, Warren Bryan

1985-01-01

369

[Counseling work with foreign families].  

PubMed

In spite of informations about a rapid change of behavioral patterns, immigrant children, youth and families have problems to keep their identity and being understood in the guest countries. Assistance of any kind and especially counseling in intrapsychic and social conflicts has to follow special topics. There are not only language barriers, the adviser has to take care of the ethnological background and the social-cultural conditions of the home country, he has to know about loyalty mechanisms to the family of origin, to manage closeness and distance in interactional relationship. Often he has also to help children and adult persons to experience self-confidence and self-conciousness in solving psychological problems instead of helplessness and waiting for magic and mystic help. PMID:1584731

Gerhardt, U

1992-03-01

370

Does grief counseling work?  

PubMed

Most bereavement caregivers accept as a truism that their interventions are helpful. However, an examination of the bereavement intervention literature suggests that the scientific basis for accepting the efficacy of grief counseling may be quite weak. This article summarizes the findings of four recent qualitative and quantitative reviews of the bereavement intervention literature. It then discusses three possible explanations for these surprising findings and concludes with recommendations for both researchers and clinicians in thanatology that could help to focus efforts to answer the questions of when and for whom grief counseling is helpful. PMID:14577426

Jordan, John R; Neimeyer, Robert A

2003-11-01

371

Computers: from ethos and ethics to mythos and religion. Notes on the new frontier between computers and philosophy  

SciTech Connect

This essay surveys recent studies concerning the social, cultural, ethical and religious dimensions of computers. The argument is that computers have certain cultural influences which call for ethical analysis. Further suggestions are that American culture is itself reflected in new ways in the high-technology computer milieu, and that ethical issues entail religious ones which are being largely ignored. 28 references.

Mitcham, C.

1986-01-01

372

Adult Career Counseling Center Seventeenth Annual Report, September 1999-June 2000. Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Systems and Career Counseling Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For 17 years, the Adult Career Counseling Center (ACCC) at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan, has provided computer-assisted career guidance systems and career counseling services to a culturally diverse clientele of more than 11,000 adults living in the local community. The ACCC's goals are as follows: (1) provide career exploration and…

Frick, Brian, Ed.; Naik, Reetu, Ed.; Quinn, Kelly, Ed.; Rancour, Paulette, Ed.

373

Do Counseling and Marketing Mix?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to Wittman's previous article on counseling and marketing by discussing concerns about two of Wittman's purposes for use of marketing: improved services in consumers and economic survival of counseling profession. Agrees that counseling profession needs to understand basic marketing principles used by business and health care industry;…

Fong-Beyette, Margaret L.

1988-01-01

374

Contemporary Counseling: Services, Applications, Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written to serve as a basic text in courses that overview the use of counseling services and to serve as a useful reference for counseling practitioners. It is designed to stress counseling services in different settings (social agencies, mental health centers, schools, business/industry, correctional institutions, and private…

Humes, Charles W.

375

Abraham Maslow's Legacy for Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the life of Abraham Maslow, a key founder of the humanistic approach to counseling, and his contributions to the counseling field. Maintains that Maslow's innovative work was often misinterpreted by both his admirers and his critics, yet remains highly relevant to current concerns in counseling. (Author/PVV)

Hoffman, Edward

1990-01-01

376

Alabama Counseling Association Journal, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the two issues of the "Alabama Counseling Association Journal" published during 1996. The focus of the journal is on communicating ideas and information that will help counselors to implement the counseling role and develop the profession of counseling. Issue number 1 includes the following articles: "Commitment through…

Farrell, R. Joel, II, Ed.

1996-01-01

377

Counseling the Gifted and Talented.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This graduate-level textbook provides a framework for understanding giftedness, and considers the counseling process and strategies for counseling in the schools. Chapters include: "The Gifted Individual" (Linda Kreger Silverman); "The Quest for Meaning: Counseling Issues with Gifted Children and Adolescents" (Deirdre V. Lovecky); "A Developmental…

Silverman, Linda Kreger, Ed.

378

Attachment Theory and Religiosity: A Summary of Empirical Research with Implications for Counseling Christian Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors summarize the growing body of empirical research literature in the area of psychology of religion that has been guided by attachment theory and indicate implications for counseling, including practical suggestions for case conceptualization, possible spiritual interventions, and ethical guidelines for practice. Attachment theory…

Reinert, Duane F.; Edwards, Carla E.; Hendrix, Rebecca R.

2009-01-01

379

Single-Case Design in Child Counseling Research: Implications for Counselor Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselor education programs are ethically bound to teach methods of research and evaluation so counselors may identify counseling methods that have a reasonable probability of success. Single-case design represents rigorous research practice, is amenable to practice, and allows the practitioner the opportunity to explore interventions from…

Ray, Dee C.; Minton, Casey A. Barrio; Schottelkorb, April A.; Brown, April Garofano

2010-01-01

380

Developing the Counselor as a Person and as a Professional: Attitudinal Changes in Core Counseling Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative pilot study examined changes in counseling students' professional attitudes in 3 master's-level core courses. Results indicated significantly more change occurred during an ethics course than during the other courses. Changes occurred in attitudes consistent with humanistic philosophy, including self-awareness, professional…

Coll, Kenneth M.; Doumas, Diana M.; Trotter, Ann; Freeman, Brenda J.

2013-01-01

381

Counseling and Testing: What Counselors Need to Know about State Laws on Assessment and Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses testing in counseling, the history of psychology's attempts to restrict access to testing, and the potential impact on the public. Counselors are encouraged to obtain appropriate training in assessment and to understand that testing is not only consistent with fair testing policies but also essential for ethical practice.…

Naugle, Kim A.

2009-01-01

382

Teaching Business Ethics or Teaching Business Ethically?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that one of the most important contexts for ethical decision-making is the nature and operation of "contemporary capitalisms." Suggests that rather than issuing a call for teaching business ethics, the author emphasizes the need for more ethical business teaching. (SG)

Stablein, Ralph

2003-01-01

383

"Counseling" in Ophthalmology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to counsel patients with genetic ophthalmological problems is stressed in the article. Assessment of autosomal dominance or autosomal recessitivity in an individual is explained and sex-linked heredity is traced. Practical examples of genetic abnormalities, such as pigmentary retinopathy and chorodineremia, are discussed. (PHR)

Francois, J.

1976-01-01

384

Prebankruptcy Credit Counseling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 requires that any individual who files for bankruptcy must have received credit counseling within the 180-day perior prior to filing. To meet this mandate, the U.S. Trustee Program (USTP)...

N. Clancy, S. J. Carroll

2007-01-01

385

Group Counseling: Health Related.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diabetes and sickle cell anemia (SCA) are two health-related characteristics that distinguish young people from their peers. This article outlines the problems of children with diabetes and SCA and presents the goals and format for group counseling of these populations and their parents. (Author/BEF)

McFadden, Johnnie

1979-01-01

386

Rational Counseling With Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rational-emotive counseling (REC) aims at changing beliefs or philosophies that lead to negative emotions and inappropriate behavior. It gives people responsibility for creating their existence. REC maintains it is not the "facts" that influence our behaviors and feelings but our interpretation of these "facts". Use of this approach with…

Protinsky, Howard, Jr.

1976-01-01

387

DOES GRIEF COUNSELING WORK?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most bereavement caregivers accept as a truism that their interventions are helpful. However, an examination of the bereavement intervention literature suggests that the scientific basis for accepting the efficacy of grief counseling may be quite weak. This article summarizes the findings of four recent qualitative and quantitative reviews of the bereavement intervention literature. It then discusses three possible explanations for

JOHN R. JORDAN; ROBERT A. NEIMEYER

2003-01-01

388

Odds in genetic counselling  

PubMed Central

The text that follows is a statement of opinion on the use and meaning of recurrence rates in genetic counselling. It will have served its purpose well if it becomes the starting point of fruitful discussion among counsellors, and if its major points are formally tested.

Cote, G B

1982-01-01

389

Counseling and Transcendental Philosophy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An acquaintance with the different philosophies of human nature is an invaluable asset for counseling. The author presents a modern Christian concept of man with emphasis on contributions of Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas and elements from modern philosophy. Its two main concerns are man's spirit and man's knowledge and will. (Author/CG)

Donceel, Joseph

1971-01-01

390

Mammography Counseling Challenges  

MedlinePLUS

NLM Director’s Comments Transcript Mammography Counseling Challenges: 05/19/2014 To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. ... information is available in 43 other languages. Your comments about this or any of our podcasts are ...

391

Ethical breakdowns.  

PubMed

Companies are spending a great deal of time and money to install codes of ethics, ethics training, compliance programs, and in-house watchdogs. If these efforts worked, the money would be well spent. But unethical behavior appears to be on the rise. The authors observe that even the best-intentioned executives may be unaware of their own or their employees' unethical behavior. Drawing from extensive research on cognitive biases, they offer five reasons for this blindness and suggest what to do about them. Ill-conceived goals may actually encourage negative behavior. Brainstorm unintended consequences when devising your targets. Motivated blindness makes us overlook unethical behavior when remaining ignorant would benefit us. Root out conflicts of interest. Indirect blindness softens our assessment of unethical behavior when it's carried out by third parties. Take ownership of the implications when you outsource work. The slippery slope mutes our awareness when unethical behavior develops gradually. Be alert for even trivial infractions and investigate them immediately. Overvaluing outcomes may lead us to give a pass to unethical behavior. Examine good outcomes to ensure they're not driven by unethical tactics. PMID:21510519

Bazerman, Max H; Tenbrunsel, Ann E

2011-04-01

392

Ethics: A Selected Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ethics: A Selected Bibliography, now in its seventh revised edition, was compiled to support the study of ethics, one of the U.S. Army War College's enduring themes. This list, like our earlier ethics bibliographies, focuses on military ethics, as well as...

L. Garder

2010-01-01

393

Ethics in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethics is defined as a set of guidelines and/or rules for the conduct of individual behavior in an organization or civil society. This ethical code of conduct is intended to guide policies, practices, and decision-making for employees on behalf of the organization. This article explores the importance of ethics, the basis for making ethical

Medlin, E. Lander

2010-01-01

394

An Ethics Primer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a PDF that provides engaging, interactive, and classroom-friendly lesson ideas for integrating ethical issues into a science classroom. It also provides a basic background on ethics as a discipline, with straightforward descriptions of major ethical theories. Several decision-making frameworks are included to help students apply reasoned analysis to ethical issues.

2008-01-01

395

Seamless Integration of Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ineffectiveness of business ethics education has received attention from the popular press and the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business after repeated ethics scandals. One possibility is that teaching ethics is different from other content areas because ethics is best learned when the student does not know it is being taught.…

Beggs, Jeri Mullins

2011-01-01

396

Clinical ethics revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

A decade ago, we reviewed the field of clinical ethics; assessed its progress in research, education, and ethics committees and consultation; and made predictions about the future of the field. In this article, we revisit clinical ethics to examine our earlier observations, highlight key developments, and discuss remaining challenges for clinical ethics, including the need to develop a global perspective

Peter A Singer; Edmund D Pellegrino; Mark Siegler

2001-01-01

397

Ethics Primer: Ethics and Bioethics Lessons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ethics Primer provides engaging, interactive, and classroom-friendly lesson ideas for integrating ethical issues into a science classroom. It also provides basic background on ethics as a discipline, with straightforward descriptions of major ethical theories. Several decision-making frameworks are included to help students apply reasoned analysis to ethical issues. Although the Primer is designed for secondary school science classrooms, it has been used by teachers in a variety of classes and grade levels. The Primer is free for download but the author requests information before accessing the file.

2007-01-01

398

Counseling Community Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

The training of lawyers for years has established ethical and practice protocols based upon an individual representation model, or, if the protocols contemplated a form of collective representation, they have envisioned formal, structured entities with powerful constituents. The good lawyers who represent the dispossessed, the exploited, and the powerless need to craft different protocols, ones which accept messier, less organized,

Paul R Tremblay

2010-01-01

399

Non-invasive prenatal testing: ethics and policy considerations.  

PubMed

New technologies analyzing fetal DNA in maternal blood have led to the wide commercial availability of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). We present here for clinicians the ethical and policy issues related to an emerging practice option. Although NIPT presents opportunities for pregnant women, particularly women who are at increased risk of having a baby with an abnormality or who are otherwise likely to access invasive prenatal testing, NIPT brings significant ethics and policy challenges. The ethical issues include multiple aspects of informed decision-making, such as access to counselling about the possible results of the test in advance of making a decision about participation in NIPT. Policy considerations include issues related to offering and promoting a privately available medical strategy in publicly funded institutions. Ethics and policy considerations merge in NIPT with regard to sex selection and support for persons living with disabilities. PMID:24927192

Vanstone, Meredith; King, Carol; de Vrijer, Barbra; Nisker, Jeff

2014-06-01

400

Medical genetics and genetic counseling in chile.  

PubMed

In the South American Republic of Chile genetic counseling is not currently recognized as an independent clinical discipline, and in general is provided by physicians with training in clinical genetics. At present only one genetic counselor and 28 clinical geneticists practice in this country of over 16 million inhabitants. Pediatric dysmorphology constitutes the primary area of practice in clinical genetics. Although the country has a universal health care system and an adequate level of health care, genetic conditions are not considered a health care priority and there is a lack of clinical and laboratory resources designated for clinical genetics services. Multiple educational, cultural and financial barriers exist to the growth and development of genetic counseling services in Chile. However, during the last 10 years increased awareness of the importance of identifying individuals at risk for inherited cancer syndromes led to growing interest in the practice of cancer genetics. PMID:23744184

Margarit, Sonia B; Alvarado, Mónica; Alvarez, Karin; Lay-Son, Guillermo

2013-12-01

401

Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve conference papers on cultural aspects of second language instruction include: "Towards True Multiculturalism: Ideas for Teachers" (Brian McVeigh); Comparing Cultures Through Critical Thinking: Development and Interpretations of Meaningful Observations" (Laurel D. Kamada); "Authority and Individualism in Japan and the USA" (Alisa Woodring);…

1997

402

Ethnicity/race, ethics, and epidemiology.  

PubMed Central

Ethnicity/race is a much-studied variable in epidemiology. There has been little consensus about what self-reported ethnicity/race represents, but it is a measure of some combination of genetic, socioeconomic, and cultural factors. The present article will attempt to: 1.) Elucidate the limitations of contemporary discourse on ethnicity/race that emphasizes the genetic and socioeconomic dimensions as competing explanatory frameworks; 2.) Demonstrate how considerable attention to the cultural dimension facilitates understanding of race differences in health-related outcomes; and 3.) Discuss interpretations of disparities in health status of African Americans versus European Americans from an ethical perspective. A major challenge to the discourse on ethnicity/race and health being limited to socioeconomic and genetic considerations is the lack of attention to the third alternative of a cultural perspective. The combined cultural ideologies of individualism and racism undermine the utility of epidemiologic research in health promotion and disease prevention campaigns aimed at reducing the racial gaps in health status. An ethical analysis supplements the cultural perspective. Ethics converge with culture on the notion of values influencing the study of ethnicity/race in epidemiology. A cultural approach to the use of ethnicity/race in epidemiologic research addresses methodological limitations, public health traditions, and ethical imperatives.

Whaley, Arthur L.

2003-01-01

403

The Influence of Multicultural Training on Perceived Multicultural Counseling Competencies and Implicit Racial Prejudice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of multicultural training on multicultural counseling competencies and implicit racial prejudice. Results of a multilevel modeling analysis showed that only the multicultural counseling course was related to a decrease in implicit racial prejudice and an increase in cultural self-awareness. Implications for…

Castillo, Linda G.; Brossart, Daniel F.; Reyes, Carla J.; Conoley, Collie W.; Phoummarath, Marion J.

2007-01-01

404

Factors, Trends, and Topics in the Evolution of Counseling Psychology Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses six forces that have affected the content and process of counseling psychology training and will continue to do so: market forces; practitioner-educator dialogues; expectations and directives from within the profession; social and political forces; technological innovations; and the cultural context of counseling psychology. Briefly…

Goodyear, Rodney K.; Cortese, Jill R.; Guzzardo, Christine R.; Allison, Russell D.; Claiborn, Charles D.; Packard, Ted

2000-01-01

405

Counseling for Diversity. A Guide for School Counselors and Related Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides practicing school counselors and their colleagues in related professions with direction for developing, implementing, and evaluating counseling programs for culturally diverse student groups. It also serves as a useful methods textbook for counselor training. Intervention strategies and counseling techniques are presented in the…

Lee, Courtland C., Ed.

406

Feminist Group Counseling with South Asian Women Who Have Survived Intimate Partner Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how to use a feminist approach in group counseling with South Asian women who have survived intimate partner violence (IPV). South Asian culture, including gender-role expectations and attitudes about family violence, is discussed. A case study detailing a feminist counseling group conducted with this population is presented.…

Singh, Anneliese A.; Hays, Danica G.

2008-01-01

407

I Am My Brother's (and Sister's) Keeper: Jewish Values and the Counseling Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rejoinder to M. S. Kiselica's article, which is part of a dialogue in this issue on anti-Semitism in the counseling profession. Author has asserted that there has been a critical mass of anti-Semitic behavior within the counseling profession for more than three decades. Author also argues that while culture may influence behavior, it does not…

Weinrach, Stephen G.

2003-01-01

408

[Counseling the elderly traveler].  

PubMed

The medical counseling of senior citizens must take account of the physiological changes related to ageing as well as any previous illnesses. Points to be considered include booking (e.g. destination, handicapped ticket), pre-travel preparations (e.g. fit-to-travel, vaccinations, doctor's letters, first-aid kit, insurance) as also concrete on-tour information (e.g. monitoring of the amounts of fluid drunk, skin care, dietary recommendations). PMID:18051961

von Schrader-Beielstein, Albrecht

2007-05-17

409

Legal and Ethical Challenges in Counseling Suicidal Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a brief overview of some of the literature available to school counselors on the topics of ethnic and gender differences, methods, risk factors, precipitants of acts of self-harm, myths, and the profile of a potentially suicidal adolescent. Follows with a description of best practices for creating and implementing prevention, crisis…

Capuzzi, David

2002-01-01

410

Postmodern Ethics for Active-Directive Counseling and Psychotherapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) includes some basic postmodern ideas and can be practiced with important caveats and cautions that keep it open-ended, flexible, and relativist. Describes how REBT shows clients how their conscious and unconscious absolutistic philosophies lead to much of their dysfunctional feelings and…

Ellis, Albert

1997-01-01

411

Educating for ethical leadership.  

PubMed

In this article we consider the nature of ethical leadership in nursing. An appreciation of the basis of such leadership requires an understanding of responsibility and of key intellectual and ethical qualities or virtues. We examine some of the educational and practice strategies to promote ethical leadership. We argue that there are different levels of ethical leadership. All members of the nursing workforce are ethical leaders in so far as they demonstrate a commitment to ethical practice in their everyday work and act as ethical role models for others. Nurse managers are responsible for influencing their team and for acting as arbiters between organisational and professional values. Nurse educators are role models and ethical leaders as they ensure that the explicit and hidden curriculum demonstrate a commitment to professional values. Nurses who assume political roles have an obligation to lead on ethical agenda compatible with the values of nursing. PMID:20015579

Gallagher, Ann; Tschudin, Verena

2010-04-01

412

What are applied ethics?  

PubMed

This paper explores the relationships that various applied ethics bear to each other, both in particular disciplines and more generally. The introductory section lays out the challenge of coming up with such an account and, drawing a parallel with the philosophy of science, offers that applied ethics may either be unified or disunified. The second section develops one simple account through which applied ethics are unified, vis-à-vis ethical theory. However, this is not taken to be a satisfying answer, for reasons explained. In the third section, specific applied ethics are explored: biomedical ethics; business ethics; environmental ethics; and neuroethics. These are chosen not to be comprehensive, but rather for their traditions or other illustrative purposes. The final section draws together the results of the preceding analysis and defends a disunity conception of applied ethics. PMID:20333477

Allhoff, Fritz

2011-03-01

413

Publication: an ethical imperative.  

PubMed Central

Publication of medical research is both a monitor of the researcher's ethics and an audit of the local or regional ethics committee that approved it. Selectivity of publication or of the intention to publish lessens this audit. Opinions differ about what is ethically allowable in clinical and benchtop medical research. Ethical permission and ethical monitoring of medical research are subject to a hierarchy of pyramidal controls, starting in hospital and ending with the local, institutional, or regional ethics committee. Currently, such committees function with widely varying degrees of efficiency and quality of output, and with differing viewpoints on many ethical issues. Without an a priori insistence by institutional ethics committees that there be an intention to publish all medical research involving human subjects, ethics committees cannot routinely be subject to the scrutiny or audit which they themselves demand of researchers.

Pearn, J.

1995-01-01

414

Financial Counseling and Planning: Similarities and Distinctions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Establishing academic training, professional standards, and criteria for certification in the area of financial counseling requires that financial counseling be differentiated from financial planning. Those attending the 1983 Consortium on Financial Counseling and Planning attempted to define similarities and differences between financial counseling and financial planning. Those selecting a name for the Association for Financial Counseling and Planning Education (AFCPE)

Virginia B. Langrehr

415

Business ethics, medical ethics and economic medicalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ethical implications of economic medicalization: where non-medical problems are transformed into medical problems in order to achieve the objective of shareholder wealth maximization. After considering differences between business ethics and medical ethics, economic medicalization arising from corporate marketing strategies is detailed. Both direct-to-consumer and more traditional physician centred marketing methods are considered. In addition, the economic

Geoffrey Poitras

2009-01-01

416

Determination of national midwifery ethical values and ethical codes: in Turkey.  

PubMed

It is important to define and practice ethical rules and codes for professionalisation. Several national and international associations have determined midwifery ethical codes. In Turkey, ethical rules and codes that would facilitate midwifery becoming professionalised have not yet been determined. This study was planned to contribute to the professionalisation of midwifery by determining national ethical values and codes. A total of 1067 Turkish midwives completed the survey. The most prevalent values of Turkish midwives were care for mother-child health, responsibility and professional adequacy. The preferred professional codes chosen by Turkish midwives were absence of conflicts of interest, respect for privacy, avoidance of deception, reporting of faulty practices, consideration of mothers and newborns as separate beings and prevention of harm. In conclusion, cultural values, beliefs and expectations of society cannot be underestimated, although the international professional values and codes of ethics contribute significantly to professionalisation of the midwifery profession. PMID:23474425

Ergin, Ayla; Özcan, Müesser; Acar, Zeynep; Ersoy, Nermin; Karahan, Nazan

2013-11-01

417

Code of Ethics: Principles for Ethical Leadership  

PubMed Central

The code of ethics for a professional association incorporates values, principles, and professional standards. A review and comparative analysis of a 1934 pledge and codes of ethics from 1957, 1977, 1988, 1998, 2004, and 2011 for a health information management association was conducted. Highlights of some changes in the healthcare delivery system are identified as a general context for the codes of ethics. The codes of ethics are examined in terms of professional values and changes in the language used to express the principles of the various codes.

Flite, Cathy A.; Harman, Laurinda B.

2013-01-01

418

Business Ethics Resources on WWW  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the University of British Columbia's Centre for Applied Ethics, this extensive catalog of business ethics resources is divided into eight sections including Public Sector Ethics, Publications, Codes of Ethics, and Ethics Institutions and Organizations. Each section consists of briefly indexed links, organized in alphabetical order. Business Ethics Resources on the WWW also links to a page of applied ethics resources and the Centre for Applied Ethics.

419

Engineering ethics, individuals, and organizations.  

PubMed

This article evaluates a family of criticism of how engineering ethics is now generally taught. The short version of the criticism might be put this way: Teachers of engineering ethics devote too much time to individual decisions and not enough time to social context. There are at least six version of this criticism, each corresponding to a specific subject omitted. Teachers of engineering ethics do not (it is said) teach enough about: 1) the culture of organizations; 2) the organization of organizations; 3) the legal environment of organizations; 4) the role of professions in organizations; 5) the role of organizations in professions; or 6) the political environment of organizations. My conclusion is that, while all six are worthy subjects, there is neither much reason to believe that any of them are now absent from courses in engineering ethics nor an obvious way to decide whether they (individually or in combination) are (or are not) now being given their due. What we have here is a dispute about how much is enough. Such disputes are not to be settled without agreement concerning how we are to tell we have enough of this or that. Right now we seem to lack that agreement and not to have much reason to expect it any time soon. PMID:16609710

Davis, Michael

2006-04-01

420

The task of nursing ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper raises the questions: 'What do we expect from nursing ethics?' and 'Is the literature of nursing ethics any different from that of medical ethics?' It is suggested that rather than develop nursing ethics as a separate field writers in nursing ethics should take a lead in making the patient the central focus of health care ethics. The case

K M Melia

1994-01-01

421

Report to Congress on Housing Counseling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

While housing counseling has substantial intuitive appeal, studies on the effectiveness of prepurchase and default counseling conclude that the provision of such counseling to all defaulting homeowners may not reduce the probability of foreclosure over a ...

1983-01-01

422

75 FR 32496 - Housing Counseling Outcomes Study  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5376-N-48] Housing Counseling Outcomes Study AGENCY: Office of the...realized by clients of HUD-funded housing counseling agencies seeking assistance to either...clients). Fourteen- hundred and thirty counseling clients have already been...

2010-06-08

423

34 CFR 685.304 - Counseling borrowers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...section, a school must ensure that entrance counseling is conducted...Entrance counseling for Direct...borrower with comprehensive information...an entrance counseling session, conducted...returns to the school; or...

2010-07-01

424

Effects of Clinical Counseling on College Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each of 132 counseled students was compared to a "hypothetical twin" which represented the average of five noncounseled students closely matched to the counseled students. No significant differences in achievement were found between counseled students and their controls. (Author)

Pinto, Louise R.; Feigenbaum, Louis

1974-01-01

425

Counseling without Truth: Toward a Neopragmatic Foundation for Counseling Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author presents an overview of contemporary developments in philosophy regarding the status of truth and discusses the implications of these ideas for the practice of counseling. Counseling without truth is presented as a desirable option when a neopragmatic frame of reference is adopted.

Hansen, James T.

2007-01-01

426

Exploration of Support Behavior in Counseling Groups with Counseling Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study explores the types of support expressed in counseling groups attended by trainee counselors. Support is a crucial factor in human life in general, and in groups in particular, yet little is known about the type of support presented in counseling groups. Type of support was categorized by means of the Social Support Behavior Code (SSBC;…

Harel, Yoni; Shechtman, Zipora; Cutrona, Carolyn

2012-01-01

427

Employment Counselling Materials = Instruments de Counselling d'Emploi.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet lists and describes materials that can be used for employment counseling in Canada. The booklet is organized in two parts. The first part lists and describes counseling tools. Some of the tools listed include Moving On, the Canadian Occupational Interest Inventory, the General Aptitude Test Battery, Index to Canadian Occupations,…

Canada Employment and Immigration Commission, Ottawa (Ontario). Employment Support Services Branch.

428

End-of-Life Ethical Issues in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the end-of-life ethical issues of disclosure of information to the terminally ill patient, informed consent, and overtreatment for the elderly people of Japan. These issues are placed within the cultural context of Japan, which is discussing and developing ways to deal with them. The ethical problems that nurses confront when they work clinically with elderly patients also

Anne J. Davis; Emiko Konishi

2000-01-01

429

Crossroads: Integrated Models for Teaching Ethics and Spirituality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology presents seven articles that focus on the integration of ethical and spiritual concerns into the academic curriculum. The argument is made for the inclusion of ethical and religious concerns in the study of subjects such as literature, history, foreign languages and cultures, and science. The articles include: "The Voice of the…

Gorman, Michael J., Ed.

430

The hyperreality of clinical ethics: A unitary theory and hermeneutics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical ethics nowadays is dominated by a conception of ethics as the application of moral theories and principles. This conception is criticized for its depreciation of the internal morality of medical practice and its narrow view of external morality. This view reflects both a lack of interest in the empirical realities of medicine and a neglect of the socio-cultural value-contexts

1994-01-01

431

A micro-ethical view on computing practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical computing should include a concern for the everyday work practice of IT professionals. We explain our 'micro-ethical view', which shifts focus towards everyday work culture, seemingly mundane action, and describe what is gained thereby and by 'preventive' ethics. Four scenarios illustrate the situations relevant for our analysis. Reconstructing the history of 'responsibility' uncovers various concepts that provide fields of

Peter Bittner; Eva Hornecker

2005-01-01

432

Professional Military Ethic.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Understanding the professional military ethic (PME) first requires understanding the conceptual foundations upon which it stands. This foundation includes objective morality, the sociology of professions, professional ethics in general, and the profession...

J. D. Cazier

2012-01-01

433

Ethics for Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that it is essential that business organizations establish organizational systems that require satisfactory ethical business behaviors from everyone concerned, regardless of differences in personal outlooks. Outlines what needs to be done in order to effectively teach business ethics. (SG)

Jaques, Elliott

2003-01-01

434

Ethics in Organizational Leadership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper provides both a workable definition of, and examines those factors which may contribute to, an ethical dilemma in organizational leadership. To accomplish these purposes, it examines both individual ethical standards and the effects of legal de...

R. C. Hartjen

1984-01-01

435

Ethics and Nanotechnology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the Understanding Nano website introduces concepts of nanotechnology-related ethics. In addition to the reading materials, the page provides a list of websites and organizations that focus on ethics and nanotechnology.

2013-07-01

436

Ethical and legal aspects of noninvasive prenatal genetic diagnosis.  

PubMed

The new technology that will allow genetic testing of a fetus within the first trimester of pregnancy by isolating cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in the mother's blood raises a range of ethical and legal issues. Considered noninvasive, this test is safe and reliable, and may avoid alternative genetic testing by amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling, which risks causing spontaneous abortion. Ethical and legal issues of cffDNA testing will become more acute if testing expands to fetal whole-genome sequencing. Critical issues include the state of the science or diagnostic art; the appropriateness of offering the test; the implications of denying the test when it is available and appropriate; disclosure and counseling following test results; and management of patients' choices on acquiring test results. A challenge will be providing patients with appropriate counseling based on up-to-date genetic knowledge, and accommodating informed patients' legal choices. PMID:24299974

Dickens, Bernard M

2014-02-01

437

Programmed versus face-to-face counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared the effectiveness of a programmed self-counseling manual and a normal precollege counseling interview by 4 experienced counselors for 392 students. Ss preferred normal counseling but also rated programmed counseling favorably. Coverage of student problems was higher for programmed counseling, while flexibility was somewhat greater for normal counseling. Self-concepts, E.g., estimates of abilities, interests, suitability of ability and interest for

William M. Gilbert; Thomas N. Ewing

1971-01-01

438

Giftedness and Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is, or should be, the role of ethics in giftedness? In this article, I consider why ethical behavior is much harder to come by than one would expect. Ethical behavior requires completion of a series of eight steps to action, the failure of any one of which may result in a person, even one who is ethically well trained, to act in a manner that…

Sternberg, Robert J.

2012-01-01

439

A Pragmatic Approach to Applied Ethics in Sport and Related Physical Activity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguing that there is still no single, noncontroversial foundation on which the world's present multi-structure of ethics can be built, this paper examines a scientific ethics approach. It is postulated that in North American culture, the approach to instruction in ethics for youth is haphazard at best. Society does not provide an adequate means…

Zeigler, Earle F.

440

Much Ado About Something: An Ethic of the Common Good for Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the culture of information technology grows and with it the exacerbation of associated problems, so does the body of literature that seeks to reflect on its impact and prospects. The advancements in information technology tend to be outpacing critical reflection and solid ethical analysis. The quality of the foundational ethical work done in information technology ethics has been inadequate,

Patrick Flanagan

2011-01-01

441

Using Supervision to Prepare Social Justice Counseling Advocates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several years, there has been an increased focus on integrating not only multiculturalism in the counseling profession, but also advocacy and social justice. Although the professional literature addresses the importance of cultural competence in supervision, there is a paucity of information about social justice advocacy in relation…

Glosoff, Harriet L.; Durham, Judith C.

2010-01-01

442

The Use of Humor when Counseling African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the literature, humor is a critical tool to enhance the counseling process because it can reduce stress, build rapport, and aid in the increase of the client's self-efficacy. In recent years, the critical nature of using humor appropriately from a cultural perspective has been explored. In this article, the authors further explore the…

Vereen, Linwood G.; Butler, S. Kent; Williams, Franklyn C.; Darg, Jules A.; Downing, Trae K. E.

2006-01-01

443

Definitional Ceremonies: Integrating Community into Multicultural Counseling Sessions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Definitional Ceremonies are used as a forum for integrating members of diverse cultures into multicultural counseling sessions. The authors provide a philosophical foundation, implementation process, and excerpts from a typescript of a recent definitional ceremony involving a women and her mother, both recently in the United States from Panama.

Bitter, James Robert; Robertson, Patricia E.; Roig, Grace; Disqueact, J. Graham

2004-01-01

444

Comments on "Reconceptualizing Multicultural Counseling: Universal Healing Conditions."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reacts to Fischer et al's article concerning reconceptualizing multicultural counseling. Agrees that psychotherapy is best understood as a function of the culture which sustains it. Discusses the implications for research brought forward by the article's view that psychotherapy is a branch of rhetoric, particularly the art of persuasion. (MKA)

Frank, Jerome D.; Frank, Julia B.

1998-01-01

445

Counseling Groups for African American Women: A Focus on Spirituality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains cultural and spiritual traditions within African American women's experience that form the foundation for group counseling strategies. Reviews literature regarding African American women's experience in groups. Explains group interventions such as art, music, dance, imagery, journaling, and rituals that can help transcend, empower, and…

Williams, Carmen Braun; Frame, Marsha Wiggins; Green, Evelyn

1999-01-01

446

The Concerns about Counseling Racial Minority Clients Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the Concerns about Counseling Racial Minority Clients (CCRMC) scale among counselor trainees. Sample 1 was used for an exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Four factors were identified, Managing Cultural Differences ([alpha] = 0.82), Offending or Hurting Clients…

Wei, Meifen; Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien; Tsai, Pei-Chun; Botello-Zamarron, Raquel

2012-01-01

447

Entering Communities: Social Justice Oriented Disaster Response Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors need to learn how to effectively and respectfully enter into communities hit by disasters and create collaborative partnerships with community members. Using critical consciousness theory, the authors describe a humanistic, culturally responsive approach to disaster response counseling for marginalized individuals and communities and…

West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Goodman, Rachael D.

2011-01-01

448

Balm in Gilead: Spiritual Dimensions in Counseling African American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes African American cultural and spiritual traditions that are the bedrock for therapeutic work with this population. States women who present for counseling with emotional themes of isolation, devaluation, internalized oppression, and low self-esteem and quest for positive racial identity are especially receptive to interventions that…

Frame, Marsha Wiggins; Williams, Carmen Braun; Green, Evelyn L.

1999-01-01

449

Psychological and Personality Undercurrents of a Drug User. Student Drug Use and the Hang-Loose Ethic. Students and Drug Use: A Study of Personality Characteristics and Extent of Drug Using Behavior. A Report on Drug Abuse in the City of Edmonton to the Mayor's Executive Committee on Drug Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 4 papers were presented at the Canadian Guidance and Counselling Convention, 1971. (1) Hughes used a questionnaire to show that marihuana users were more likely to subscribe to the "hang-loose ethic," i.e., a personal and social ethic antagonistic to the ideas of the Protestant ethic, as manifested in their behaviors; self-concepts;…

Paterson, John G.; And Others

450

The Ethics and Politics of Ethics Approval  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The regulatory scope of Human Research Ethics Committees can be problematic for a variety of reasons. Some scholars have argued the ethics approval process, for example, is antithetical to certain disciplines in the humanities and social sciences, while others are willing to give it qualified support. This article uses a case study to cast the…

Battin, Tim; Riley, Dan; Avery, Alan

2014-01-01

451

Ancient Chinese medical ethics and the four principles of biomedical ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The four principles approach to biomedical ethics (4PBE) has, since the 1970s, been increasingly developed as a universal bioethics method. Despite its wide acceptance and popularity, the 4PBE has received many challenges to its cross-cultural plausibility. This paper first specifies the principles and characteristics of ancient Chinese medical ethics (ACME), then makes a comparison between ACME and the 4PBE with

D F Tsai

1999-01-01

452

Ethics across the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All colleges teach ethics across their undergraduate curricula, yet relatively few institutions do so deliberately. That is, few colleges make explicit attempts to coordinate or integrate the various ethical lessons their students might be learning. This does not mean that most colleges are bad for students' ethical development; research shows…

Matchett, Nancy J.

2008-01-01

453

Designing an Ethics Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a required ethics course designed for juniors and seniors at a small Connecticut boarding school. Students explore the ethics of care and justice, examine ethical assumptions behind the school's disciplinary system, consider a series of dilemmas, and discuss complex topics such as abortion, euthanasia, and racism. A sidebar outlines…

Prager, Richard

1993-01-01

454

Ethnography\\/ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper situates discussion of the ethics of ethnographic research against the background of a theoretical and methodological debate about the relationship between ethics and method, and about the relationships between research methods and their objects. In particular, the paper investigates the implications of folding together the ethical and the empirical in research and argues that this requires the development

Michael Parker

2007-01-01

455

Making Ethics Come Alive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Making ethics relevant to students in a business communications course continues to be a challenge. Classroom practitioners have long noted the difficulties in surmounting the contradictions students sense in business ethics instruction. Furthermore, students often perceive ethics to be largely irrelevant to the skills necessary for success in…

McQueeney, Edward

2006-01-01

456

Ethics Across the Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final project report describes a 3-year project designed to integrate ethics into all disciplines at Utah Valley State College to introduce students to ethical complications they may face in their careers and vocations. Fifty faculty members participated in the project, the major components of which involved a 2-week summer seminar in ethics;…

Utah Valley State Coll., Orem.

457

Ethics Program Review Guidelines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Executive branch departments and agencies are required by Federal statute and regulation to have an ethics program. One goal of an ethics program is to serve as a formalized and systematic means by which an agency can prevent and detect ethics violations ...

2003-01-01

458

The Ethics of Biowarfare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The issue-focused, reviewed, student article alarms that nations need to take preventative measures to curb the development and proliferation of biological and chemical weapons, such as: adopting a scientific code of ethics, incorporating ethics into graduate science courses, formulating accountability mechanisms for research, and raising academic, industry, and public awareness of ethical issues.

Daniel Reyes (Santa Clara University, California;)

2003-02-01

459

Ethics for Fundraisers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for professionals and others in the field of philanthropy, this book applies ethics and ethical decision-making to fund raising. Its primary aim is to enhance the level of ethical fund raising throughout the nonprofit sector by equipping those involved with frameworks for understanding and taking principled actions and preventing…

Anderson, Albert

460

An ethical criterion for geoscientists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Anthropological researches have demonstrated that at some point in human history, man makes an evolutive jump in cultural sense: at first, he is able to perceive himself only as part of a community, later he becomes able to perceive himself as an individual. The analysis of the linguistic roots of the word "Ethics" discloses the traces of this evolutive transition and an original double meaning: on the one hand, "Ethics" contains a sense of belonging to the social fabric, on the other hand, it is related to the individual sphere. These two existential conditions (social and individual) unexpectedly co-exist in the word "Ethics". So, "Geo-Ethics" can be defined as the investigation and reflection on those values upon which to base appropriate behaviours and practices regarding the Geosphere (social dimension), but also as the analysis of the relationships between the geoscientist who acts and his own actions (individual dimension). Therefore, the meaning of the word "Geo-Ethics" calls upon geoscientists to face the responsibility of an ethical behaviour. What does this responsibility consist of and what motivations are necessary to push geoscientists to practice the Earth sciences in an ethical way? An ethical commitment exists if there is research of truth. In their activities, Geoscientists should be searchers and defenders of truth. If geoscientists give up this role, they completely empty of meaning their work. Ethical obligations arise from the possession of specific knowledge that has practical consequences. Geoscientists, as active and responsible part of society, have to serve society and the common good. The ethical criterion for a geoscientist should be rooted in his individual sphere, that is the source of any action even in the social sphere, and should have the intellectual honesty as main requirement. It includes: • respect for the truth that they look for and for other's ideas; • recognition of the value of others as valuable for themselves; • spirit of collaboration and reciprocity; • identification of a common goal, despite the diversity of views; • responsibility of their technical-cultural expertise; • opening to the comparison even in perspective of a resizing of their certainties; • reflection on the mutability of knowledge and roles; • awareness conveying scientific knowledge to others is valuable. On these bases geoscientists' activity becomes a real service for society. Geoethics should be above all an opportunity for Geoscientists to raise the awareness of their individual and social responsibility, an occasion to improve their understanding of the space and time in which they move and operate, with the perspective to contribute to the wellbeing and economic progress of mankind. Before acting and understanding how to act, Geoscientists should recognize the value of their actions, so that they will assure a real and long-lasting rootedness of practices, codes and regulations.

Peppoloni, Silvia

2013-04-01

461

Client Motivation and Multicultural Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reaction article comments on the major contribution titled "Motivation and Autonomy in Counseling, Psychotherapy, and Behavior Change: A Look at Theory and Practice." It first points out the article's strengths, the primary of which was to move the construct of motivation to the center of focus in the discussion of counseling. In addition,…

Kim, Bryan S. K.

2011-01-01

462

Alabama Counseling Association Journal, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicating ideas and information that will help counselors to implement the counseling role and develop the profession of counseling is the purpose of this journal. The first issue in volume 21 contains the following articles: "Policies and Procedures for Reporting Child Abuse in Alabama: Considerations for Counselors, Teachers, and School…

Abbott, Gypsy, Ed.; Elliott, Glenda R., Ed.

1995-01-01

463

School Counseling: New Perspectives & Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School counselors need new ideas to initiate change in school counseling programs. This book presents a collection of innovative paradigms and approaches. Part 1 presents articles on techniques and methods of counseling interventions: (1) Student Rights (C. C. Hogan); (2) At-Risk Students and Violence (L. Giusti); (3) Conflict Management (D. R.…

Allen, Jackie M., Ed.

464

Allegories and Symbols in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manuscript describes how counselors can facilitate self-awareness in clients and counselors-in-training through the use of metaphors. The use of metaphors and others symbols provide a creative, non-intrusive, and non-confrontational approach to counseling. Examples of stories and fables used during counseling sessions and instructional…

Alvarado, Victor I.; Cavazos, Lionel J.

2007-01-01

465

Values in Counseling and Psychotherapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers various ways that values enter into counseling or psychotherapy, with particular attention to goals of the process and methods or procedures by which counselor or therapist implements process. Suggests approach to counseling and psychotherapy that recognizes and incorporates values basic to democratic philosophy and the goal of…

Patterson, C. H.

1989-01-01

466

Pastoral Counselling: An American Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an American perspective on pastoral counseling as spiritually integrated counseling and psychotherapy, requiring graduate academic and clinical work in these disciplines as well as graduate education in religious studies. It offers an American perspective on this specialized ministry of mental and relational health and discusses its…

Woodruff, C. Roy

2002-01-01

467

Defense Mechanisms in Group Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents considerations and strategies for conceptualizing, recognizing, and modifying defense mechanisms through the group counseling process. Provides awareness of defense mechanisms in planning for and implementation of group counseling, describes interaction patterns for identifying defenses among group participants, and clarifies modification…

Clark, Arthur J.

1992-01-01

468

School Counseling in China Today  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a brief overview of the development of psychological thinking in China and social influences on the practice of school counseling today. Common problems of students are described, including anxiety due to pressure to perform well on exams, loneliness and social discomfort, and video game addiction. Counseling approaches used…

Thomason, Timothy C.; Qiong, Xiao

2008-01-01

469

Qualitative Research in Rehabilitation Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research approaches offer rehabilitation scholars and practitioners avenues into understanding the lives and experiences of people with disabilities and those people and systems with whom they interact. The methods used often parallel those used in counseling and appear to be well matched with the field of rehabilitation counseling.…

Hanley-Maxwell, Cheryl; Al Hano, Ibrahim; Skivington, Michael

2007-01-01

470

Does Counseling Need the Mind?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author argues that the language used in counseling practice is largely a common sense language using mentalistic words. Basic mentalistic assumptions and challenges to those assumptions are outlined. The practical consequences of retaining or discarding mentalism in counseling are discussed. The author concludes that…

Kernes, Jerry L.

2008-01-01

471

The ethical group psychotherapist.  

PubMed

Group psychotherapists in their everyday practice confront a series of ethical problems, some of which rise to the level of ethical dilemmas. This two-part special series will address how the group psychotherapist can address these problems and dilemmas in a way that leads to an ethical course of conduct. This article introduces the series by examining ethical principles and decision-making processes that are relevant to the wide range of issues that confront the group psychotherapist. The article also considers the person of the group psychotherapist him or herself and notes that certain personal qualities might create a foundation for ethical thinking and behavior. PMID:17040180

Brabender, Virginia

2006-10-01

472

Common ground: An environmental ethic for Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Three predominant philosophies have characterized American business ethical thinking over the past several decades. The first phase is the ethics of self-interest'' which argues that maximizing self-interest coincidentally maximizes the common good. The second phase is legality ethics.'' Proponents argue that what is important is knowing the rules and following them scrupulously. The third phase might be called stake-holder ethics.'' A central tenant is that everyone affected by a decision has a moral hold on the decision maker. This paper will discuss one recent initiative of the Los Alamos National Laboratory to move beyond rules and regulations toward an environmental ethic that integrates the values of stakeholder ethics'' into the Laboratory's historical culture and value systems. These Common Ground Principles are described. 11 refs.

Menlove, F.L.

1991-01-01

473

Variable approaches to genetic counseling for microarray regions of homozygosity associated with parental relatedness.  

PubMed

SNP microarrays are capable of detecting regions of homozygosity (ROH) which can suggest parental relatedness. This study was designed to describe pre- and post-test counseling practices of genetics professionals regarding ROH, explore perceived comfort and ethical concerns in the follow-up of such results, demonstrate awareness of laws surrounding duty to report consanguinity and incest, and allow respondents to share their personal experiences with results suggesting a parental relationship. A 35 question survey was administered to 240 genetic counselors and geneticists who had ordered or counseled for SNP microarray. The results are presented using descriptive statistics. There was variation in both pre- and post-test counseling practices of genetics professionals. Twenty-five percent of respondents reported pre-test counseling that ROH can indicate parental relatedness. The most commonly reported ethical concern was disclosure of findings suggesting parental relatedness to parents of the patient; only 48.4% reported disclosing parental relatedness when indicated. Fifty-seven percent felt comfortable receiving results suggesting parental consanguinity while 17% felt comfortable receiving results suggesting parental incest. Twenty percent of respondents were extremely/moderately familiar with the laws about duty to report incest. Personal experiences in post-test counseling included both parental acknowledgement and denial of relatedness. This study highlights the differences in genetics professionals' pre- and post-test counseling practices, comfort, and experiences surrounding parental relatedness suggested by SNP microarray results. It identifies a need for professional organizations to offer guidance to genetics professionals about how to respond to and counsel for molecular results suggesting parental consanguinity or incest. PMID:24243712

Grote, Lauren; Myers, Melanie; Lovell, Anne; Saal, Howard; Sund, Kristen Lipscomb

2014-01-01

474

Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale – Racial Diversity Form: Factor structure and test of a social cognitive model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to gather evidence on the factor structure and concurrent criterion validity of the Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale – Racial Diversity Form (MCSE-RD; Sheu & Lent, 2007). The MCSE-RD was designed to assess therapists' perceived capabilities in performing culturally relevant in-session behaviors in cross-racial counseling. Participants were 209 students in counseling-related graduate programs in the USA. Confirmatory

Hung-Bin Sheu; Marybeth Rigali-Oiler; Robert W. Lent

2012-01-01

475

GENETIC COUNSELLING IN MELANOMA  

PubMed Central

Summary Genetic counselling may be offered to families with melanoma and to individuals with multiple melanomas to better understand the genetic susceptibility of the disease, the influence of environmental factors, the inheritance of the risk and behaviour that decreases the risk of dying from melanoma including specific dermatological follow-up such as total body photography and digital dermoscopy. Genetic testing may be offered to those individuals with more than a 10% chance of being a carrier of a mutation. This risk varies according to the incidence of melanoma in the country and sun behaviour. In countries with a low-medium incidence of melanoma, genetic testing should be offered to families with two cases of melanoma or an individual with two primary melanomas. In countries with a high incidence, families with three cases of melanoma, with two melanomas and one pancreatic adenocarcinoma, or patients with three primary melanomas may benefit from genetic testing.

Badenas, Celia; Aguilera, Paula; Puig-Butille, Joan A.; Carrera, Cristina; Malvehy, Josep; Puig, Susana

2012-01-01

476

The Help-Seeking in Career Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined help-seeking in career counseling by investigating factors that influence students' intention to consult a career counseling center. Nine hundred and eighteen participants were given the Attitudes toward Career Counseling Scale (ATCCS), an information brochure about the career counseling center; the Intention to Consult a…

Di Fabio, Annamaria; Bernaud, Jean-Luc

2008-01-01

477

Personality correlates of vocational counseling outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated the relationship between scores on the Adjective Check List (ACL), Educational Interest Inventory (EII), and the Vocational Decision-Making Checklist (VDMC) and several vocational counseling outcome measures. 60 male undergraduates unsure about their choice of major received either model-reinforcement counseling, traditional counseling, or no counseling. Correlations between the ACL and EII scores, change in pre- and postcounseling certainty of major,

Dale G. Wachowiak

1973-01-01

478

THE TELEOANALYTIC APPROACH TO GROUP COUNSELING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PAPER PRESENTS THE PROCEDURES FOR A GROUP COUNSELING PROGRAM ON FOUR LEVELS--(1) COUNSELING WITHIN PEER GROUPS AS CHILDREN LEARN FROM EACH OTHER IN INTERACTION, (2) TEACHER SEMINARS WHERE TEACHERS CAN SHARE IDEAS ON SPECIFIC PROBLEMS AND GAIN INSIGHT ON THE OTHER COUNSELING GROUPS, (3) PARENT GROUPS WHERE ONE PARENT COUNSELED IN FRONT OF THE…

DREIKURS, RUDOLF; SONSTEGARD, MANFORD

479

Programmed versus Face-to-Face Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparison was made of the effectiveness of a programmed Self-Counseling Manual and a normal precollege counseling interview by experienced counselors. Findings supported the use of programmed counseling as an adjunct to or substitute for face-to-face counseling. (Author)

Gilbert, William M.; Ewing, Thomas N.

1971-01-01

480

Ethics "in" and "for" Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the apparent conspiracy of silence and/or culture of disinterest with regard to ethical issues in higher education. A first interpretation treats it as an almost entirely negative phenomenon--the subordination of university values to external political and market forces. The second interpretation, elaborated here, is more…

Scott, Peter

2004-01-01

481

Ethical Challenges Regarding Globalization of Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper places the question of ethical challenges in relation to the process of globalization concerning international education and the mobility of international students worldwide. It focuses on five areas of justice, namely, social and political justice, administrative justice, distributive justice, cultural justice and ecological justice.…

Olivier, Bert

2011-01-01

482

An Ethical Decision-Making Model to Determine Authorship Credit in Published Faculty-Student Collaborations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publishing research is imperative to both counselor educators and students in counseling programs. Furthermore, faculty-student publication collaborations can often be a mutually beneficial professional endeavor. However, determining order of authorship can be a complex ethical issue. The authors review prior research to illustrate the…

Foster, Ryan D.; Ray, Dee C.

2012-01-01

483

Internet Practices of Certified Rehabilitation Counselors and Analysis of Guidelines for Ethical Internet Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet has become an integral part of the practice of rehabilitation counseling. To identify potential ethical issues regarding the use of the Internet by counselors, two studies were conducted. In Study 1, we surveyed a national sample of rehabilitation counselors regarding their use of technology in their work and home settings. Results…

Lehmann, Ilana S.; Crimando, William

2011-01-01

484

Medical and ethical considerations in twin pregnancies discordant for serious cardiac disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:Prenatal ultrasound has led to the early diagnosis of major anomalies. However, the ready availability of this technology has led to increasing challenges for physicians counseling affected parents, which is all the more difficult in a twin pregnancy with only one affected fetus. This paper reviews the medical and ethical considerations in twin pregnancies discordant for a serious cardiac condition.Study

A Malhotra; S Menahem; P Shekleton; L Gillam

2009-01-01

485

The Human Genome Project: ethical and social implications.  

PubMed Central

This article explores some of the potential moral and social ramifications of the Human Genome Project. Research on the human genome is generating important ethical and social questions of at least three distinct kinds. First, what genetic information should be generated, and who should control its dissemination and use? Improved diagnostic techniques such as presymptomatic testing, carrier screening, and prenatal screening can provide information that poses significant ethical problems for individuals, employers and insurance companies, and the medical and counseling professions. Second, what genetic procedures should be employed? The burgeoning ability to manipulate human genotypes and phenotypes through procedures such as gene therapy and enzyme therapy are leading to difficult questions about which manipulations should be permitted and which should be prohibited. Third, how will this new information change lives? Increasing claims about the relationship of genetics to ethically and politically significant traits and behaviors are challenging human self-understanding and the capacity of social institutions to respond adequately.

Murray, T H; Livny, E

1995-01-01

486

[Ethics in nursing].  

PubMed

The conclusion reached at the end of this article is that there is a crisis in the ethics of nursing and that the focus of the ethics of nursing should be on virtues. The reconstruction of a virtue-based ethics in nursing is proposed as a solution for the current crisis in the ethics of nursing. With an analysis conducted on the ethics of nursing the story is told of an individual nurse within nursing in the South African society. Certain concepts to ethics as well as the dimensions of ethics in nursing are explained within the narrative of nursing. The institutionalisation of ethics of nursing is described based on the three ethical traditions that moved from virtues, to responsibility to human rights. An analysis of the moral practice in nursing indicates that a crisis in the ethics of nursing exist within the last tradition of human rights because of the conflict between the rights of the nurse and the patient. Through the analysis it becomes clear that no rules, codes or law can ensure moral behaviour. The control over moral behaviour should rather be internal than external. If a person does not have the virtues he or she does not understands the rules and human rights and responsibilities have a different meaning for them. PMID:9538702

Botes, A

1997-12-01

487

Teaching Ethics in Medical School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature regarding the teaching of ethics in medical schools. Defines medical ethics and attempts to determine the scope of medical ethics teaching. Discusses ways medical ethics could be taught and how that teaching can be assessed. Calls for increased attention into the teaching of medical ethics. (TW)

Ewan, Christine

1986-01-01

488

The Ethics of Strategic Ambiguity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the concept of strategic ambiguity in communication, and addresses the ethics of strategic ambiguity from an intrapersonal perspective that considers the congruity of communicators' espoused-ethics, ethics-in-use, and behavior, where ethical judgements are based on the congruity between espoused-ethics and actual behavior. Poses questions…

Paul, Jim; Strbiak, Christy A.

1997-01-01

489

Code of Ethics in a Multicultural Company and its Legal Context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The entry of foreign investors and simultaneous expansion of different national cultures, religions, rules, moral and ethical standards is bringing up problems of cooperation and coexistence of different nationalities, ethnicities and cultures. Working in an international environment therefore requires adaptation to a variety of economic, political, legal, technical, social, cultural and historical conditions. One possible solution is to define a code of ethics, guidelines which find enough common moral principles, which can become the basis for the adoption of general ethical standards, while respecting national, cultural differences and practices. In this article, the authors pay attention not only to the analysis of the common ethical rules in a multicultural company, but also to the legal aspects of codes of ethics. Each code of ethics is a set of standards, which, like the legal norms, regulate the behaviour of individuals. These standards, however, must simultaneously meet certain statutory criteria that define the boundaries of regulation of employee’s behaviour.

Odlerová, Eva; ?urišová, Jaroslava; Šramel, Bystrík

2012-12-01

490

Is mandatory research ethics reviewing ethical?  

PubMed

Review boards responsible for vetting the ethical conduct of research have been criticised for their costliness, unreliability and inappropriate standards when evaluating some non-medical research, but the basic value of mandatory ethical review has not been questioned. When the standards that review boards use to evaluate research proposals are applied to review board practices, it is clear that review boards do not respect researchers or each other, lack merit and integrity, are not just and are not beneficent. The few benefits of mandatory ethical review come at a much greater, but mainly hidden, social cost. It is time that responsibility for the ethical conduct of research is clearly transferred to researchers, except possibly in that small proportion of cases where prospective research participants may be so intrinsically vulnerable that their well-being may need to be overseen. PMID:22865925

Dyck, Murray; Allen, Gary

2013-08-01

491

Ethical issues in the ethnography of cyberspace.  

PubMed

The project of developing an anticipatory anthropology of the future reveals unique ethical opportunities. For example, the increased importance of performance means there is a substantial potential for a substantive "resocialing" of work in organizations, just as the decline of Modernism opens space for collective, situated ethics as opposed to individualized categorical imperatives. An anthropology of the future should address the question of the future of ethics in general. The very possibility of human agency, of informed individual moral action, is brought into question in new ways. The profound flexibility of the computer as a medium carries with it the dangers of hyper-abstraction, while the consolidation of capital reproduction on a global level increases the scope for apparently permanent mystification. Also important are the new ethical challenges raised for those engaged in knowledge "production" or science broadly conceived. These include the necessary effort to acknowledge fully the role of non-human agency, and the potentially profound possibilities in a transformation in the character of knowledge, a correlate, at least in part, of the commodification of knowledge associated with distance learning. These challenges accompany the more overt threats of transgenic entities and ecological degradation. How can one be an ethical intellectual or academic under these circumstances, let alone teach others to be? There are also some specific challenges facing anthropology in particular. Some derive from the increasing "privatization" of ethnography, both in its growing popularity in modes of social reproduction more directly implicated in the reproduction of capital and in the declining academic support for anthropology. In a very specific sense, anthropology has grounded its ethics on an appreciation of and support for the reproduction of "really existing" culture. This ethical compass is not available to the ethnographer who studies the future. How do we participate ethically in the construction of a future in whose character we are inevitably implicated? PMID:11193012

Hakken, D

2000-01-01

492

Confidentiality in Nondyadic Counseling Situations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the dimensions of confidentiality in nondyadic situations. Offers guidelines for practicing counselors regarding counseling as part of multidisciplinary team; coordination of services, referral, and placement; mandated services; supervision; and client advocacy. (Author/ABL)

Strein, William; Hershenson, David B.

1991-01-01

493

Medically assisted reproduction and ethical challenges  

SciTech Connect

Many of the ethical challenges associated with medically assisted reproduction are societal. Should the technique be restricted to only ordinary couples or could it be used also to single females or couples of same sex? Should the future child be entitled to know the identity of the gamete donor? Should there be age limits? Can embryos or gametes be used after the death of the donor? Can surrogate mothers be part of the process? Can preimplantation diagnostics be used to select the future baby's sex? In addition, there are several clearly medical questions that lead to difficult ethical problems. Is it safe to use very premature eggs or sperms? Is the risk for some rare syndromes caused by imprinting errors really increased when using these techniques? Do we transfer genetic infertility to the offspring? Is the risk for multiple pregnancies too high when several embryos are implanted? Does preimplantation diagnosis cause some extra risks for the future child? Should the counselling of these couples include information of all these potential but unlikely risks? The legislation and practices differ in different countries and ethical discussion and professional guidelines are still needed.

Kaeaeriaeinen, Helena [Department of Medical Genetics, University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 10, 20520 Turku (Finland) and Department of Clinical Genetics, Turku University Hospital, Turku (Finland)]. E-mail: helena.kaariainen@utu.fi; Evers-Kiebooms, Gerry [Department of Human Genetics, University of Leuven (Belgium); Coviello, Domenico [Laboratory of Medical Genetics, ICP, University Hospital of Milan (Italy)

2005-09-01

494

36 CFR 1211.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01...and counseling materials. 1211.425...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES...and counseling materials. (a) Counseling...is shown to be essential to eliminate...

2013-07-01

495

Ethical Implications of Psychopharmacotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Both the efficient application of a marketed psychotropic drug to mentally ill persons in practice and the assessment of effectiveness and safety of a potentially therapeutic drug through research imply ethical problems. The basic ethical issue is to find an optimum of the relationship between the benefits and risks\\u000a of a medication with regard to major ethical principles.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a The therapeutic

Hanfried Helmchen

496

Teaching Ethics in Psychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The process of teaching and learning ethics is constant in psychiatry. This chapter discusses the content, process and methods\\u000a of facilitating education in ethics. It is argued that although the process of teaching and learning in ethics can be overlooked\\u000a in attempts to develop and deliver a ‘core curriculum’. Specifically, it is suggested that undue focus on a series of

Deborah Bowman

497

Ethics in Occupational Health  

PubMed Central

We know little about perceptions, practices, or constraints of ethics in occupational health because little research has been done. Opinions about the field, however, are abundant. Existing codes of ethical practice in occupational health have not consciously been derived from the fundamental principles of “freedom” and “well-being” or from philosophical premises and methods; rather, they are based on consensus among practitioners. The author outlines useful concepts and methods for making decisions about ethical questions in occupational health.

Haines, Ted

1989-01-01

498

Codes of Ethics Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at the Illinois Institute of Technology maintains the Codes of Ethics Online Web site. The Center writes: "With the advent of the Internet, it seemed clear that digitizing the codes and making them accessible over the World-Wide Web would benefit researchers, students, and professionals alike." The science page contains links to over fifty organizations' ethical codes, including the American Institute of Chemists, the American Physical Society, the Water Quality Association, etc.

499

Engineering Practice and Engineering Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers ways of applying science and technology studies to the teaching of engineering ethics. Suggests modifications of both detailed case studies on engineering disasters and hypothetical, ethical dilemmas employed in engineering ethics classes. (Author/CCM)

Lynch, William T.; Kline, Ronald

2000-01-01

500

corp-ethics Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched in December 1998, this electronic discussion list seeks to publicize and debate corporate ethical and unethical behavior. Corp-ethics creator Mike P. McKeever encourages list members to share stories about the corporate decisions that affect people, nations, and the environment in order to develop a new code of ethics. A complete searchable archive is available online. To subscribe, send a message to: ààààcorp-ethics-subscribe@egroups.com Do not type anything into the subject line or body of the message.

1998-01-01