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1

Counselling Ethics Casebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ethical guidelines help professionals keep their activities within the bounds of accepted standards of preparation and competence. This casebook provides 252 examples of acceptable and non-acceptable behavior for counselors. It addresses ethical issues in professional counseling, the counseling relationship, testing and research, consultation and…

Schultz, William E.

2

The Cultural Context of the American Counseling Association Code of Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Begins with a discussion of the purposes served by ethical codes and reviews three patterns of implicit assumptions: examples of implicit cultural bias, examples of cultural encapsulation, and examples favoring the dominant culture. Discusses positive recommendations for developing more inclusionary ethical guidelines, using case examples. (RJM)|

Pedersen, Paul B.

1997-01-01

3

The Cultural Context of the American Counseling Association Code of Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Begins with a discussion of the purposes served by ethical codes and reviews three patterns of implicit assumptions: examples of implicit cultural bias, examples of cultural encapsulation, and examples favoring the dominant culture. Discusses positive recommendations for developing more inclusionary ethical guidelines, using case examples. (RJM)

Pedersen, Paul B.

1997-01-01

4

An Integral Approach to Counseling Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors offer an integral approach to counseling ethics using K. Wilber's (2000a, 2000b) integral metatheory. The article examines traditional counseling ethics through the lens of K. Wilber's (2000a, 2000b) "all-quadrants, all-levels" model, consisting of quadrants, levels, lines, states, and types. The authors begin with the 4 quadrants and…

Foster, Durwin; Black, Timothy G.

2007-01-01

5

Peer Counselling Empowerment and Ethical Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer counselling empowerment entails specific considerations of the training process as peer counsellors. Specific issues related to such empowerment are discussed in light of the counselling profession. Subsequently, ethical considerations pertaining to peer counselling such as confidentiality, dual relationships, competency and vicarious…

Zakaria, Noor Syamilah

2007-01-01

6

Ethical and Spiritual Values in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents a compilation of articles previously published in the journal "Counseling and Values." The follwing articles are included: (1) "Ethics and Spirituality: The Prevailing Forces Influencing the Counseling Profession" (Judith Miranti, Mary Thomas Burke); (2) "Three Contributions of a Spiritual Perspective to Counseling,…

Burke, Mary Thomas, Ed.; Miranti, Judith G., Ed.

7

76 FR 71449 - Reporting Line for the Commission's Ethics Counsel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...references to oversight of the Ethics Counsel by the General Counsel...amendments clarify that the Ethics Counsel, not the General Counsel...are not subject to the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness...structure of the Office of the Ethics Counsel. The Commission...

2011-11-18

8

Counseling and Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, developed for school counselors, explores basic considerations for effective counseling of Lau students, defined as those from distinct language and cultural backgrounds, whose home language is other than English and who are not performing conceptually and linguistically at a level equal to district standards. Following a brief…

Hurtado, Juan; And Others

9

Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling. Chapter 1: Ethical Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains chapter 1 (8 articles) from a collection of 35 articles primarily from American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) publications on the most important legal and ethical topics about which all school counselors need to be informed. "Ethical Standards for School Counselors: Test Your Knowledge" (Wayne C. Huey)…

Huey, Wayne C.; And Others

10

Virtue Ethics in School Counseling: A Framework for Decision Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtue ethics focus on the motives that guide ethical decision making and action, and as such, are critical to the competent application of the counseling profession's ethical codes. Knowledge of virtue ethics deepens understanding of moral responsibilities and ethical reasoning in professional practice. This paper is an overview of virtue ethics

Wilczenski, Felicia L.; Cook, Amy L.

2011-01-01

11

Infusing Culture in Career Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article introduces the culture-infused career counselling (CICC) model. Six principles are foundational to a tripartite model emphasizing cultural self-awareness, awareness of client cultural identities, and development of a culturally sensitive working alliance. The core competencies ensure the cultural validity and relevance of career…

Arthur, Nancy; Collins, Sandra

2011-01-01

12

Counseling Suicidal Adolescents within Family Systems: Ethical Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Major ethical considerations must be taken into account when providing counseling services to suicidal adolescents and their families. This article explores these ethical issues and the American Counseling Association and International Association of Marriage and Family Counselors ethical codes relevant to these issues. Related liability and…

Berg, Rachelle; Hendricks, Bret; Bradley, Loretta

2009-01-01

13

Counseling Suicidal Adolescents within Family Systems: Ethical Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major ethical considerations must be taken into account when providing counseling services to suicidal adolescents and their families. This article explores these ethical issues and the American Counseling Association and International Association of Marriage and Family Counselors ethical codes relevant to these issues. Related liability and…

Berg, Rachelle; Hendricks, Bret; Bradley, Loretta

2009-01-01

14

Ethical Fairy Tales: Using Fairy Tales as Illustrative Ethical Dilemmas with Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning to navigate ethical dilemmas is important in counseling students' training. According to the Council for the Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (2009 standards, counseling students must receive ethics education. A common goal for counselor educators is to assist students in translating ethical theory into…

Henderson, Kathryn L.; Malone, Stefanie L.

2012-01-01

15

Kitchener's Principle Ethics: Implications for Counseling Practice and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This extensive literature review examining the influence of K. S. Kitchener's (1984) introduction of principle ethics on counseling and psychology ethics notes the ultimate practicality of principle ethics. The authors maintain that although a strong influence of principle ethics in the area of counselor education emerges through the review,…

Urofsky, Robert I.; Engels, Dennis W.; Engebretson, Ken

2008-01-01

16

Kitchener's Principle Ethics: Implications for Counseling Practice and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This extensive literature review examining the influence of K. S. Kitchener's (1984) introduction of principle ethics on counseling and psychology ethics notes the ultimate practicality of principle ethics. The authors maintain that although a strong influence of principle ethics in the area of counselor education emerges through the review, there…

Urofsky, Robert I.; Engels, Dennis W.; Engebretson, Ken

2008-01-01

17

Genetic testing: practical, ethical, and counseling considerations.  

PubMed

Genetic testing is becoming a much more common practice in medicine today. This presents a unique set of challenges for medical professionals in virtually all specialties. The practical aspects of determining which test to order, and in interpreting the result accurately in the context of the family history, can be difficult. Additionally, the ethical conundrums that frequently present themselves when genetic risk assessment and/or genetic testing is being considered can be daunting. These challenges present real concerns for medical professionals and patients alike. Included in this article is a review of some of the practical and ethical complexities associated with genetic testing. Pretest and posttest genetic counseling is also emphasized as an important and essential process in today's medical practice. PMID:15667031

Ensenauer, Regina E; Michels, Virginia V; Reinke, Shanda S

2005-01-01

18

The Use of Bookmarks in Teaching Counseling Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article includes a description of the bookmark as a creative arts experiential strategy useful in teaching counseling ethics education. Three bookmark examples illustrate how counselors-in-training utilized bookmarks to conceptualize their counseling ethics understanding. Illustrations and written feedback from the counselors-in-training…

Warren, Jane; Zavaschi, Guilherme; Covello, Christin; Zakaria, Noor Syamilah

2012-01-01

19

Counseling and Culture: Some Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes three issues central to the relationship between counseling and culture: the etic-emit distinction (studying culture on its own terms versus how it compares to others), the sociology of knowledge, and modernity. Emphasizes the importance of these concepts in counselor training programs. (LLL)|

Lee, D. John

1984-01-01

20

Ethical Cultural Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical issues with regard to cultural competence in practice is an area that seems to be most discussed in the world of health professionals, especially as our nation becomes more and more diverse. \\

Durade Zebari

2008-01-01

21

The counseling psychologist in business and industry: Ethical concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical concerns of counseling psychologists practicing in business and industry are explored in the context of values conflicts, operational issues, and strategies for resolution. An emphasis is placed on strategies evolving from preparation and self-knowledge.

Donna Oberer; Sandra Lee

1986-01-01

22

Counselling as a culture of healing  

Microsoft Academic Search

While clearly upholding the value of the helping professions, this article presents an analysis of alleged shortcomings of present forms of counselling and therapy. Arguments are presented for a New Look in counselling. Counselling, it is claimed, would benefit from redefinition as a culture of healing. It should be conceptualised as a cultural practice rather than as a scientific undertaking.

R. Vance Peavy

1996-01-01

23

Prenatal Screening and Counseling in Iran and Ethical Dilemmas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Prenatal screening has become an increasingly common procedure all over the world. It offers couples useful information relating to the health of their fetus, although it faces us with serious ethical dilemmas as well. This study was conducted to find out the attitudes of Iranian scholars towards prenatal screening and counseling with respect to ethical issues. Methods: Two hundred

Mansooreh Saniei; Elnaz Jafari Mehr; Saeed Shahraz; Ladan Naz Zahedi; Ala Melati Rad; Saye Sayar; Roya Sherafat Kazemzade; Ahmad Shekarchi; Mohammad Reza Zali

2008-01-01

24

Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School counselors face ethical and legal challenges every day. This new edition of "Ethical and Legal Issues in School Counseling" provides valuable information and guidelines to help school counselors meet these challenges head-on. Edited and compiled by three experts in the field, including two who are counselor educators as well as attorneys…

Remley, Theodore P., Jr., Ed.; Hermann, Mary A., Ed.; Huey, Wayne C., Ed.

25

Counseling in a Mass-Mediated Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some of the less visible media effects on counseling. Suggests the need for personal conversation in a mass-mediated culture, and examines the demand for professional counseling. Notes the effects of mass media on the counseling transaction. Discusses the relationships between media, loneliness, depression, and anxiety. (RC)

Fogle, Dale O.

1981-01-01

26

Counseling in a Mass-Mediated Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses some of the less visible media effects on counseling. Suggests the need for personal conversation in a mass-mediated culture, and examines the demand for professional counseling. Notes the effects of mass media on the counseling transaction. Discusses the relationships between media, loneliness, depression, and anxiety. (RC)|

Fogle, Dale O.

1981-01-01

27

The Ethics of Cultural Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To achieve its expressed political goals of social empowerment and transformation, cultural studies must maintain some significant ethical and political commitments. The growing field of cultural studies is analyzed in terms of its definition within a specific ethical and social justice agenda and its links to the critical pedagogy tradition in…

Hytten, Kathy

1998-01-01

28

Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling. Chapter 5: Ethical Issues in Group Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains chapter 6 (5 articles) of a collection of 35 articles primarily from American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) publications on the most important legal and ethical topics about which all school counselors need to be informed. "Ethics Comes of Age: Introduction to the Special Issue" (Jeffrey A. Kottler)…

Kottler, Jeffrey A.; And Others

29

Ethics Programs in Global Businesses: Culture's Role in Managing Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even if there were widespread cross-cultural agreement on the normative issues of business ethics, corporate ethics management initiatives (e.g., codes of conduct, ethics telephone lines, ethics offices) which are appropriate in one cultural setting still could fail to mesh with the management practices and cultural characteristics of a different setting. By uncritically adopting widely promoted American practices for managing corporate

Gary R. Weaver

2001-01-01

30

Culturally Biased Assumptions in Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight clusters of culturally biased assumptions are identified for further discussion from Leong and Ponterotto's (2003) article. The presence of cultural bias demonstrates that cultural bias is so robust and pervasive that is permeates the profession of counseling psychology, even including those articles that effectively attack cultural bias…

Pedersen, Paul B.

2003-01-01

31

Cultural diversity in nanotechnology ethics.  

PubMed

Along with the rapid worldwide advance of nanotechnology, debates on associated ethical issues have spread from local to international levels. However unlike science and engineering issues, international perceptions of ethical issues are very diverse. This paper provides an analysis of how sociocultural factors such as language, cultural heritage, economics and politics can affect how people perceive ethical issues of nanotechnology. By attempting to clarify the significance of sociocultural issues in ethical considerations my aim is to support the ongoing international dialogue on nanotechnology. At the same time I pose the general question of ethical relativism in engineering ethics, that is to say whether or not different ethical views are irreconcilable on a fundamental level. PMID:21850968

Schummer, Joachim

32

Cross-Cultural Marketing Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the differences in ethical beliefs between individuals having the American culture and individuals with the Greek culture. Two hundred and fifty-six American students and two hundred and forty-six Greek students were presented with four scenarios and given the Reidenbach-Robin instrument measuring their ethical reactions to these scenarios. Contrary to previous research, the results indicate that the two

John Tsalikis; Osita Nwachukwu

1989-01-01

33

The Practical Aspects of Online Counseling: Ethics, Training, Technology, and Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the practical aspects of online counseling, including ethics, training, supervision, technology, and competency issues. The authors discuss online counseling's strengths and limitations and present guidelines for what types of clients and counseling psychologists may be appropriate for online counseling. To illustrate the…

Mallen, Michael J.; Vogel, David L.; Rochlen, Aaron B.

2005-01-01

34

A State of Neglect: Public Relations as ‘Corporate Conscience’ or Ethics Counsel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ryan and Martinson (1983) and other scholars argued that the corporate conscience role should belong in the public relations function. But, how common is the use of ethics counsel among public relations professionals? This qualitative research found that many public relations practitioners indeed perform the role of ethics counsel or corporate conscience in their organizations. However, a state of neglect

Shannon A. Bowen

2008-01-01

35

Guidelines for a Cross-Cultural Counseling Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents guidelines for planning and teaching a cross-cultural counseling course. Problems encountered in defining the culturally different are discussed. Ten minimum course objectives are presented and three ways that a professor may focus on the impact of culture on the counseling process and address the counseling relationship,…

Vontress, Clemmont E.; Jackson, Morris L.

36

Guidelines for a Cross-Cultural Counseling Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents guidelines for planning and teaching a cross-cultural counseling course. Problems encountered in defining the culturally different are discussed. Ten minimum course objectives are presented and three ways that a professor may focus on the impact of culture on the counseling process and address the counseling relationship,…

Vontress, Clemmont E.; Jackson, Morris L.

37

Ethical obligations and counseling challenges in cancer genetics.  

PubMed

Cancer genetics is creating new practice opportunities in medical genetics, oncology, and primary care. The ethical and counseling challenges of this new area of practice are not unique but sometimes take new form in the context of genetic risk. This article uses cases to explore the issues associated with shared family risk, including competing concerns of family members, duty to warn relatives of genetic risk, and testing of children and other relatives. The ethical obligations of clinicians start with the need to maintain competence in the face of rapidly evolving science. Clinicians should be able to identify patients within their practice who are candidates for genetic testing. When genetic susceptibility to cancer is identified, patients should be offered counseling and follow-up, with referral as appropriate, to ensure delivery of care consistent with current standards. When patients experience barriers to needed health care, clinicians should advocate for their needs. Clinicians must ensure the autonomy and informed decision-making of all members of cancer-prone families. Clinicians must also provide emotional support and accurate information about cancer risks and cancer risk reduction measures, including uncertainties. Teamwork among different specialties is important in addressing these challenges. PMID:16451774

Burke, Wylie; Press, Nancy

2006-02-01

38

Ethical Crises and Cultural Differences  

PubMed Central

Generalizations about patients without careful attention to their cultural background, their values and norms could lead to a number of ethical crises. The informed consent, disclosure of diagnosis and prognosis, and discussions of termination of treatment are reflections of Western cultural values. They represent respect for autonomy of clients and respect for openness in communications. For patients from other cultures such practices have different meanings that may violate their own values. The result of such conflict in practices and meanings can render the relationship between patients and health care personnel difficult at best and distrustful at worst.

Meleis, Afaf Ibrahim; Jonsen, Albert R.

1983-01-01

39

Characteristics of Ethical Business Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify general characteristics attributed to ethical business cultures by executives from\\u000a a variety of industries. Our research identified five clusters of characteristics: Mission- and Values-Driven, Stakeholder\\u000a Balance, Leadership Effectiveness, Process Integrity, and Long-term Perspective. We propose that these characteristics be\\u000a used as a foundation of a comprehensive model that can be engaged to

Alexandre Ardichvili; James A. Mitchell; Douglas Jondle

2009-01-01

40

Culture, economic development, and national ethical attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand the influence of culture on ethical attitudes, a variety of countries must be compared simultaneously to avoid confounding of cultural dimensions. This study uses data from the World Values Survey to develop a measure of ethical attitudes that shows partial measurement invariance across 44 countries. Regressing the resulting latent means on four cultural dimensions [Hofstede G. Culture's Consequences:

George R. Franke; S. Scott Nadler

2008-01-01

41

Culture-infused counselling: A fresh look at a classic framework of multicultural counselling competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an historical overview of discussions of competency for counselling practice across cultures and critiques the current frameworks of multicultural counselling competencies. A rationale is provided for a more inclusive definition of culture, a means of integrating additional domains of practice, and a shift away from the narrow focus on strategies and techniques. A new model of culture-infused

Sandra Collins; Nancy Arthur

2010-01-01

42

Ethical Issues in Cross-Cultural Neuropsychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical neuropsychologists who assess patients from diverse cultural and linguistic back- grounds face unique ethical challenges. In this article, we address 4 critical questions relevant to ethics of cross-cultural neuropsychology: (a) Should culture or race be considered in neuropsychological testing? (b) Should race- and ethnicity-specific normative data be used in the clinical neuropsychological evaluation? (c) Who is competent to design

Adam M. Brickman; Raquel Cabo; Jennifer J. Manly

2006-01-01

43

Cultural Values, Counseling Stigma, and Intentions to Seek Counseling among Asian American College Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors explored the extent to which Asian American college women's perceived stigma about counseling mediated the relationship between their adherence to Asian cultural values and intentions to seek counseling, Participants, 201 Asian American college women (age range = 18-24 years), completed measures of Asian cultural values, perceived…

Miville, Marie L.; Constantine, Madonna G.

2007-01-01

44

Ethical Principles in the Counseling of Gay and Lesbian Adolescents: Issues of Autonomy, Competence, and Confidentiality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical dilemmas in counseling gay and lesbian adolescents are analyzed according to underlying ethical principles. Developmental issues and their relevance to therapy are emphasized. Conflicts among client autonomy, claims of paternalism, and limits of confidentiality are examined. Competence to enter therapy for issues of sexual identity is assessed. The author concludes that adolescents are generally competent to explore issues of

Michael R. Sobocinski

1990-01-01

45

Current and Emerging Ethical Issues in Counseling: A Delphi Study of Expert Opinions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Delphi study was conducted to ascertain the opinions of panel experts regarding the most important current and emerging ethical issues facing the counseling profession. Expert opinions on ethical issues in counselor preparation also were sought. Eighteen panelists responded to 3 rounds of data collection interspersed with feedback. Themes that…

Herlihy, Barbara; Dufrene, Roxane L.

2011-01-01

46

Happiness as a Goal of Counseling: Cross-cultural Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article examines the construct of happiness within the context of counseling and holistic health (body, mind and spirit).\\u000a It discusses happiness as a goal of counseling as reflected in selected counseling theories that focus on humanistic principles,\\u000a holistic health, positive psychology, personal growth and the client’s intentional choice-making in life. Moreover, the article\\u000a considers within-cultural and cross-cultural implications of

Frederick D. Harper; Michael Guilbault; Tameka Tucker; Twanna Austin

2007-01-01

47

Police, culture, and ethics: toward an understanding and expansion of police culture and ethical research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this research is to integrate knowledge within police culture and ethics research. It is hoped to integrate a consistent pattern of ethical responses, according to officer typology. An expanded understanding of how factors, such as stress, job satisfaction, media portrayals, public perceptions, police socialization, and police culture, may have on ethics is intended. The following research questions

Andrea Dawn Mason

2010-01-01

48

The systematic application of ethical codes in the counseling of persons who are considering euthanasia.  

PubMed

As health psychology develops, psychologists and counseling professionals are becoming progressively more involved with patients who have chronic terminal illnesses such as AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, and cancer. Consequently, they will be consulted increasingly by patients, caregivers, and lawyers in cases where euthanasia is being considered. There are numerous ethical dilemmas that could arise when counseling persons who are contemplating euthanasia. Professionals must consider carefully issues such as informed consent, bodily autonomy, respect for a person's dignity, patient welfare, as well as responsibility to society. The national psychological, social work, and medical associations of North America have each adopted a code of ethics. These codes may be used by counseling professionals to assist in the resolution of ethical dilemmas that may arise as a result of working with persons considering euthanasia. This paper discusses the relevance of these codes to the counseling of terminally ill patients. PMID:15156870

Hadjistavropoulos, T

1996-01-01

49

Ethical Business Cultures: A Literature Review and Implications for HRD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This literature review identifies characteristics of ethical business cultures, describes factors, considered to be important in developing such cultures, describes current practices of developing ethical culture programs, and discusses the role of HRD in developing ethical business cultures. We argue that ethical thinking and behavior can be…

Ardichvili, Alexandre; Jondle, Douglas

2009-01-01

50

Ethical Business Cultures: A Literature Review and Implications for HRD  

Microsoft Academic Search

This literature review identifies characteristics of ethical business cultures, describes factors, considered to be important in developing such cultures, describes current practices of developing ethical culture programs, and discusses the role of HRD in developing ethical business cultures. We argue that ethical thinking and behavior can be learned and internalized as a result of work-based interpretive interactions, and this learning

Alexandre Ardichvili; Douglas Jondle

2009-01-01

51

Counseling Across Cultures: A Critique. Asian Pacific American Education Occasional Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper evaluates the effectiveness of cross-cultural counseling and advocates a "culture-using" counseling perspective as an alternative to the "etic-emic" approach. The author argues that, currently, counseling is taken as the "given"; culture is treated as a variable in counseling effectiveness; and counseling is never evaluated as a…

Lee, D. John

52

A Preliminary Analysis of Counseling Students' Attitudes toward Counseling Women and Women of Color: Implication for Cultural Competency Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling students (N=56) responded to peer-generated presentations on counseling women and counseling women of color. Qualitative methodology was used to identify students' racial, ethnic, and gender attitudes in counseling contexts. Implications for cultural competency training are provided. (Author/MKA)

Ancis, Julie R.; Sanchez-Hucles, Janis V.

2000-01-01

53

Culture, values and ethics of animal scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnicity and culture are defined. Culture is recognized as the shared values and worldview of a race, nation, or professional group. Values are the objectives that matter most to a person or cultural group to which priority of interest is consistently given in time, energy, resources, wealth and education. Ethics defines the moral component of decisions reflecting self-interest or concern

John Hodges

2006-01-01

54

A Culture of Ethical Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Becoming an ethical leader requires a personal journey toward integrity and a public commitment to a common good. This begins with claiming one's core values, finding a personal voice, developing a vision, and consciously aligning one's attitudes and beliefs with one's actions and behaviors. In the process, ethical leaders create spaces where…

Dufresne, Peter; McKenzie, Anne S.

2009-01-01

55

Discovering misattributed paternity in genetic counselling: different ethical perspectives in two countries.  

PubMed

Misattributed paternity or 'false' paternity is when a man is wrongly thought, by himself and possibly by others, to be the biological father of a child. Nowadays, because of the progression of genetics and genomics the possibility of finding misattributed paternity during familial genetic testing has increased. In contrast to other medical information, which pertains primarily to individuals, information obtained by genetic testing and/or pedigree analysis necessarily has implications for other biologically related members in the family. Disclosing or not a misattributed paternity has a number of different biological and social consequences for the people involved. Such an issue presents important ethical and deontological challenges. The debate centres on whether or not to inform the family and, particularly, whom in the family, about the possibility that misattributed paternity might be discovered incidentally, and whether or not it is the duty of the healthcare professional (HCP) to disclose the results and to whom. In this paper, we consider the different perspectives and reported problems, and analyse their cultural, ethical and legal dimensions. We compare the position of HCPs from an Italian and British point of view, particularly their role in genetic counselling. We discuss whether the Oviedo Convention of the Council of Europe (1997) can be seen as a basis for enriching the debate. PMID:23443210

Tozzo, Pamela; Caenazzo, Luciana; Parker, Michael J

2013-02-26

56

Cultural Considerations in Counseling Couples Who Experience Infertility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Infertility creates challenges affecting various aspects of couples' intimate lives. Practices regarding reproduction are often shaped by cultural messages. Culturally sensitive treatment methods help counselors provide effective therapy to couples with fertility problems. This article describes cultural influences, challenges, and counseling

Burnett, Judith A.

2009-01-01

57

Culture and communication in ethically appropriate care.  

PubMed

This article considers the difficulties with using Gillon's model for health care ethics in the context of clinical practice. Everyday difficulties can arise when caring for people from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds, especially when they speak little or no English. A case is presented that establishes, owing to language and cultural barriers, that midwives may have difficulty in providing ethically appropriate care to women of Pakistani Muslim origin in the UK. The use of interpreters is discussed; however, there are limitations and counter arguments to their use. Training is identified as needed to prepare service providers and midwives for meeting the needs of a culturally diverse maternity population. PMID:18096581

Meddings, Fiona; Haith-Cooper, Melanie

2008-01-01

58

Ethics and the Use of Technology in Rehabilitation Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Standards for technology ethics were first introduced into the "Code of Professional Ethics for Rehabilitation Counselors" in 2002. Since that time, the proliferation of technology has enhanced practice, changed the American vernacular, and become infused in the delivery of services to and teaching of individuals, families, and groups. The 2010…

Barros-Bailey, Mary; Saunders, Jodi L.

2010-01-01

59

Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling. Chapter 4: The School Counselor and Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains chapter 4 (7 articles) of a collection of 35 articles primarily from American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) publications on the most important legal and ethical topics about which all school counselors need to be informed. "School Counselors and the Reporting of Child Abuse: A Survey of State Laws and…

Camblin, Lanthan D., Jr.; And Others

60

Conflict between Ethics and Law in Counseling and Psychotherapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the nature, ramifications, and implications of ethical-legal conflicts in the helping professions, particularly with regard to advertising, confidentiality, and clients' rights of access to their own files. (Author/BL)|

Mappes, Donald C.; And Others

1985-01-01

61

Counseling and the Law: A Cross-Cultural Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how counselors are challenged to both demonstrate ethical standards of the profession and abide by the law, particularly since mental health and legal systems represent two different cultures. Notes overlapping or common elements of each culture, identifies differing elements of each culture, and provides recommendations for the two…

Rowley, William J.; MacDonald, Don

2001-01-01

62

Infusing Cultural Competence and Advocacy into Strength-Based Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strength-based counseling represents a welcome shift from prevailing deficit perspectives. However, the literature often treats enhancing strengths as an acultural concept, minimizing or ignoring the essential role of culture in forming and defining strengths. Integrating cultural competence and advocacy into strength-based practice is examined as…

Grothaus, Tim; McAuliffe, Garett; Craigen, Laurie

2012-01-01

63

Assessing and Promoting Cultural Relativism in Students of Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Multicultural counseling is often promoted as a core element in counselor development. As such, educational efforts aim to increase counselors' cultural relativism, or their ability to recognize their own enculturation and to appreciate the value of other cultural norms. This mixed qualitative-quantitative study explored the relationship between…

Mcauliffe, Garrett John; Grothaus, Tim; Jensen, Margaret; Michel, Rebecca

2012-01-01

64

In Search of Cultural Competence in Psychotherapy and Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The characteristics involved in cultural competency in psychotherapy and counseling have been difficult to specify. This article describes attempts to study factors associated with cultural competency and addresses 3 questions. First, is ethnic match between therapists and clients associated with treatment outcomes? Second, do clients who use ethnic-specific services exhibit more favorable outcomes than those who use mainstream services? Third,

Stanley Sue

1998-01-01

65

Culturally Sensitive Health Care and Counseling Psychology: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article introduces the Major Contribution, which focuses on counseling psychologists' roles in addressing health disparities through culturally sensitive health care research and interventions. First, the authors provide a rationale for conducting research focused on culturally sensitive health care and then offer definitions of…

Herman, Keith C.; Tucker, Carolyn M.; Ferdinand, Lisa A.; Mirsu-Paun, Anca; Hasan, Nadia T.; Beato, Cristina

2007-01-01

66

Issues and Challenges of Cross Cultural Counselling in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

Singapore is a multicultural society comprising mainly of people with Chinese, Malay or Indian origin. This article examines the worldviews of the Chinese and Malay Muslim Singaporean from the perspective of how values and beliefs arising from different religious and cultural background impact on perceptions about social behaviours, life goals, problem-definition and problem-solving. The implications for cross cultural counselling at

Rosaleen Ow; Maliki M. Osman

2003-01-01

67

Infusing Cultural Competence and Advocacy into Strength-Based Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strength-based counseling represents a welcome shift from prevailing deficit perspectives. However, the literature often treats enhancing strengths as an acultural concept, minimizing or ignoring the essential role of culture in forming and defining strengths. Integrating cultural competence and advocacy into strength-based practice is examined…

Grothaus, Tim; McAuliffe, Garett; Craigen, Laurie

2012-01-01

68

Legal and Ethical Implications of Refusing to Counsel Homosexual Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, a federal appeals court upheld the job termination of a counselor who requested being excused from counseling a lesbian client on relationship issues because homosexuality conflicted with the counselor's religious beliefs ("Bruff v. North Mississippi Health Services, Inc.," 2001). This article provides the facts of the case and the legal…

Hermann, Mary A.; Herlihy, Barbara Richter

2006-01-01

69

The Ethics of Counseling: A National Survey of Certified Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collected national survey data from 579 counselors certified by National Board for Certified Counselors concerning their beliefs about whether each of 88 behaviors was ethical and how confident they were of their judgment. Systematic patterns in responding emerged in regard to age, sex, primary work setting, and degree. Participants indicated…

Gibson, William T.; Pope, Kenneth S.

1993-01-01

70

Nursing ethics, caring and culture.  

PubMed

Recent years have witnessed the publication of numerous articles that draw a critical alignment between ethics and caring. In essence, this theme suggests that caring is a moral pursuit centred on the beneficent attention of one person shown to another. Yet, if such language is to have real poignancy, it must be geared towards an inclusive agenda that meets the needs of all within the community. Research evidence suggests that this is not always the case, especially in terms of the care offered to members of minority ethnic groups. This article will focus on the findings of a qualitative research study that explored the expectations and perceived experiences of nursing care among members of the Pakistani community in Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK. The findings suggest that nurses should develop a more informed narrative that readily reflects the needs of the Pakistani community. PMID:12572763

Cortis, Joseph D; Kendrick, Kevin

2003-01-01

71

Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling with Gay and Lesbian Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the current knowledge regarding the provision of culturally appropriate career services to gay and lesbian clients. It is divided into 5 parts: (1) history and context for the delivery of career counseling services to gay and lesbian clients; (2) counselor self-preparation for working with gay and lesbian clients; (3)…

Pope, Mark; Barret, Bob; Szymanski, Dawn M.; Chung, Y. Barry; Singaravelu, Hernia; Mclean, Ron; Sanabria, Samuel

2004-01-01

72

Ten Frequent Assumptions of Cultural Bias in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies 10 of the most frequently encountered examples of cultural bias that consistently emerge in the literature about multicultural counseling and development. Assumptions are described in the areas of normal behavior, individualism, limits of academic disciplines, dependence on abstract words, independence, client support systems, linear…

Pedersen, Paul

1987-01-01

73

Culturally Sensitive Mentoring for Asian International Students in Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With growing attention to the internationalization of counseling psychology in the past decade, discussion on effective training of international students is much-needed. In order to provide effective mentorship to international students, the mentor needs to be aware of specific challenges faced by international students and cultural differences…

Park-Saltzman, Jeeseon; Wada, Kaori; Mogami, Tamiko

2012-01-01

74

Peer Counseling in a Culturally Specific Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This study evaluated the effects of peer counseling in a culturally specific adolescent pregnancy prevention program for African American females. A random pretest and multiple posttest experimental and comparison group design was used to obtain data on a sample of 63 female African American adolescents, ages 12 to 16, who lived in four public housing developments. Descriptive data and tests

Stephanie L. Ferguson

1998-01-01

75

Peer Counseling in a Culturally Specific Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the effects of peer counseling in a culturally specific adolescent pregnancy prevention program for African American females. A random pretest and multiple posttest experimental and comparison group design was used to obtain data on a sample of 63 female African American adolescents, ages 12 to 16, who lived in four public housing developments. Descriptive data and tests

Stephanie L. Ferguson

1998-01-01

76

Culture-Specific Strategies in Counseling: A Conceptual Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author addresses the need to develop culture-specific strategies in working with racial–ethnic minorities. Conceptual frameworks providing a rationale for such recommendations have not been well elucidated. A review of the literature revealed 3 major domains from which such justifications can be drawn: (a) culture-bound communications styles, (b) sociopolitical facets of nonverbal communication, and (c) counseling as a subset of

Derald Wing Sue

1990-01-01

77

A Cultural Perspective for Counseling Blacks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to view Blacks as minorities from a subcultural perspective. This perspective is brought to bear on the question of identity and the process of schooling. Discontinuities brought about by the meeting of different cultures are examined. (Author)

Griffith, Albert R.

1977-01-01

78

Hispanic Culture, Gay Male Culture, and AIDS: Counseling Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses issue of the disproportionately high rate of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in Hispanics. Claims high-risk sexual behavior conducive to Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection seems to continue to take place among Hispanic homosexual men. Presents some necessary considerations when counseling this population. (Author/ABL)

Carballo-Dieguez, Alex

1989-01-01

79

Cultural Values and Management Ethics: A 10Nation Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is currently a lack of empirical work on cross-cultural differences in ethical attitudes towards day-to-day management decision-making in organizations. Work that currently exists in the area of management ethics also lacks cultural explanations of differences. The present study tries to overcome these deficiencies by providing a model of ethical decision-making that is based on cultural antecedents, which may explain

Terence Jackson

2001-01-01

80

A Critical Asian Response to Issues and Debates in Cross Cultural Counselling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross cultural and multicultural counselling are regarded as the fourth force of counselling in western multicultural countries like the USA and Canada. Its development is affected by the drastic development of multiculturalism and globalisation of economy. In this essay, the writer tries to discuss controversies and debates in cross cultural counselling. Its development stimulates social workers and counsellors to think

Kam-shing Yip

2003-01-01

81

Canadian University Ethics Review: Cultural Complications Translating Principles into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Drawing from educational research conducted in Canada and Mexico, university researchers explore how culture complicates both the ethics review process and the translation of ethical research principles into practice. University researchers in Canadian contexts seek approval from university Research Ethics Boards to conduct research, following…

Tilley, Susan; Gormley, Louise

2007-01-01

82

Rehabilitation Counselors' Perceptions of Ethical Workplace Culture and the Influence on Ethical Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is generally accepted that the environment in which a counselor works influences his or her ethical behavior, but there is little empirical examination of this idea within the rehabilitation counseling professional literature. A survey was conducted with a national sample of practicing certified rehabilitation counselors that elicited…

Lane, Frank J.; Shaw, Linda R.; Young, Mary Ellen; Bourgeois, Paul J.

2012-01-01

83

Rehabilitation Counselors' Perceptions of Ethical Workplace Culture and the Influence on Ethical Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is generally accepted that the environment in which a counselor works influences his or her ethical behavior, but there is little empirical examination of this idea within the rehabilitation counseling professional literature. A survey was conducted with a national sample of practicing certified rehabilitation counselors that elicited…

Lane, Frank J.; Shaw, Linda R.; Young, Mary Ellen; Bourgeois, Paul J.

2012-01-01

84

Cultural context in medical ethics: lessons from Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines two topics in Japanese medical ethics: non-disclosure of medical information by Japanese physicians, and the history of human rights abuses by Japanese physicians during World War II. These contrasting issues show how culture shapes our view of ethically appropriate behavior in medicine. An understanding of cultural context reveals that certain practices, such as withholding diagnostic information from

Tia Powell

2006-01-01

85

Enron Ethics (Or: Culture Matters More than Codes)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes and discusses the Enron Corporation debacle. The paper presents the business ethics background and leadership mechanisms affecting Enron's collapse and eventual bankruptcy. Through a systematic analysis of the organizational culture at Enron (following Schein's frame of reference) the paper demonstrates how the company's culture had profound effects on the ethics of its employees.

Ronald R. Sims; Johannes Brinkmann

2003-01-01

86

Developing Cross Cultural Competence: Applying Development and Prevention Ideals to Counseling Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As counselors turn their attention to child-based counseling, there is a need to apply the core tenets of the discipline of counseling to young children and incorporate cross-cultural issues into clinical competence. Using Multicultural Counseling Theory (MCT), the authors discuss conventional approaches to providing clinical interventions for…

Wolfgang, Jeff; Frazier, Kimberly; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Barrett, Joe

2011-01-01

87

Prenatal genetic counseling in cross-cultural medicine  

PubMed Central

Abstract OBJECTIVE To help family physicians practise effective genetic counseling and offer practical strategies for cross-cultural communication in the context of prenatal genetic counseling. SOURCES OF INFORMATION PubMed and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched. Most evidence was level II and some was level III. MAIN MESSAGE The values and beliefs of practitioners, no less than those of patients, are shaped by culture. In promoting a patient’s best interest, the assumptions of both the patient and the provider must be held up for examination and discussed in the attempt to arrive at a consensus. Through the explicit discussion and formation of trust, the health professionals, patients, and family members who are involved can develop a shared understanding of appropriate therapeutic goals and methods. CONCLUSION Reflecting on the cultural nature of biomedicine’s ideas about risk, disability, and normality helps us to realize that there are many valid interpretations of what is in a patient’s best interest. Self-reflection helps to ensure that respectful communication with the specific family and patient is the basis for health care decisions. Overall, this helps to improve the quality of care.

Bhogal, Ashvinder K.; Brunger, Fern

2010-01-01

88

Ethics of Infant Relinquishment, Cultural Considerations, and Obstetric Conveniences.  

PubMed

Ethical issues relating to infant relinquishment, caring for culturally diverse women, the importance of shared power between women and their caregivers, and the provision of evidence-based practice versus reliance on obstetric conveniences are addressed. Respectful care of women relinquishing their infants including use of appropriate language demonstrates moral and ethical nursing practice. Providing cultural competent care of multilinguistic, multicultural, and multiethnic childbearing women and their families is an ethical imperative. Nurses practicing ethically will foster adoption of best practice based on evidence. Facilitating satisfying birth experiences through shared decision making and individualized care is essential. PMID:21389876

Callister, Lynn Clark

2011-03-01

89

The effects of culture on ethical decision-making: An application of Hofstede's typology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses a significant gap in the conceptualization of business ethics within different cultural influences. Though theoretical models of business ethics have recognized the importance of culture in ethical decision-making, few have examinedhow this influences ethical decision-making. Therefore, this paper develops propositions concerning the influence of various cultural dimensions on ethical decision-making using Hofstede's typology.

Scott J. Vitell; Saviour L. Nwachukwu; James H. Barnes

1993-01-01

90

Cultural context in medical ethics: lessons from Japan.  

PubMed

This paper examines two topics in Japanese medical ethics: non-disclosure of medical information by Japanese physicians, and the history of human rights abuses by Japanese physicians during World War II. These contrasting issues show how culture shapes our view of ethically appropriate behavior in medicine. An understanding of cultural context reveals that certain practices, such as withholding diagnostic information from patients, may represent ethical behavior in that context. In contrast, nonconsensual human experimentation designed to harm the patient is inherently unethical irrespective of cultural context. Attempts to define moral consensus in bioethics, and to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable variation across different cultural contexts, remain central challenges in articulating international, culturally sensitive norms in medical ethics. PMID:16759415

Powell, Tia

2006-04-03

91

The dynamics of marketing ethical products: A cultural perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to provide a cultural perspective on the organisational processes through which products with substantial ethical dimensions are developed and marketed. Drawing on qualitative research analysing one company's attempts to implement green marketing initiatives, the author illustrates the tactics that executives adopt in securing support and commitment for activities aimed at the marketing of ethical products. The emergent

Andrew Crane

1997-01-01

92

Integrative Literature Review: Ethical Business Cultures: A Literature Review and Implications for HRD  

Microsoft Academic Search

This literature review identifies characteristics of ethical business cultures, describes factors, considered to be important in developing such cultures, describes current practices of developing ethical culture programs, and discusses the role of HRD in developing ethical business cultures. We argue that ethical thinking and behavior can be learned and internalized as a result of work-based interpretive interactions, and this learning

Alexandre Ardichvili; Douglas Jondle

2009-01-01

93

Universalism and cultural relativism in social work ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

EnglishGiven globalization and increasing multiculturalism, growing numbers of social workers face the challenges of respecting culture while upholding professional ethics. This article examines the perspectives of universalism and cultural relativism as applied to ethical decision-making in social work. A moderately universalist stance is recommended for social work, as valuing both diversity and human rights.FrenchFace à la mondialisation et à l'augmentation

Lynne M. Healy

2007-01-01

94

Ethical, legal, and counseling challenges surrounding the return of genetic results in oncology.  

PubMed

In the last decade, an overwhelming number of genetic aberrations have been discovered and linked to the development of treatment for cancer. With the rapid advancement of next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques, it is expected that large-scale DNA analyses will increasingly be used to select patients for treatment with specific anticancer agents. Personalizing cancer treatment has many advantages, but sequencing germline DNA as reference material for interpreting cancer genetics may have consequences that extend beyond providing cancer care for an individual patient. In sequencing germline DNA, mutations may be encountered that are associated with increased susceptibility not only to hereditary cancer syndromes but also to other diseases; in those cases, disclosing germline data could be clinically relevant and even lifesaving. In the context of personal autonomy, it is necessary to develop an ethical and legal framework for how to deal with identified hereditary disease susceptibilities and how to return the data to patients and their families. Because clear legislation is lacking, we need to establish guidelines on disclosure of genetic information and, in the process, we need to balance privacy issues with the potential advantages and drawbacks of sharing genetic data with patients and their relatives. Importantly, a strong partnership with patients is critical for understanding how to maximize the translation of genetic information for the benefit of patients with cancer. This review discusses the ethical, legal, and counseling issues surrounding disclosure of genetic information generated by NGS to patients with cancer and their relatives. We also provide a framework for returning these genetic results by proposing a design for a qualified disclosure policy. PMID:23589552

Lolkema, Martijn P; Gadellaa-van Hooijdonk, Christa G; Bredenoord, Annelien L; Kapitein, Peter; Roach, Nancy; Cuppen, Edwin; Knoers, Nine V; Voest, Emile E

2013-04-15

95

Ethical Decision Making in Rehabilitation: Consideration of Latino Cultural Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct of the American Psychological Association (APA, 2002a) places increased emphasis on respect for different cultures. For example, culture has been added as an important factor in respecting the rights and dignity of those with whom psychologists work (Principle E). APA has also released guidelines meant to influence psychologists' sensitivity and

Stephanie L. Hanson; Thomas R. Kerkhoff

2007-01-01

96

Business ethics across cultures: A social cognitive model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a social cognitive model that identifies, defines and relates key comprehensive factors that impact on business ethical standards and conduct across cultures. In particular, national cultures serve as the social foundation for generating and shaping in a triadically interacting manner institutional, organizational, and personal factors. The model predicts that these three antecedent factors combine to influence the

Alexander D. Stajkovic; Fred Luthans

1997-01-01

97

Religion, Ethnicity, Culture, Way of Life: Jews, Muslims, and Multicultural Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jews and Muslims represent 2 unique cultural groups that have been relatively under-examined by multicultural counseling scholars. In this article, the authors review the recent literature on Jews and Muslims, synthesize and discuss the commonalities across these 2 groups, provide some recommendations for counseling members of these populations,…

Schlosser, Lewis Z.; Ali, Saba Rasheed; Ackerman, Sandra R.; Dewey, J. Jane H.

2009-01-01

98

A Counselling Model for Young Women in the United Arab Emirates: Cultural Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although all modalities of therapy work equally well, some models are better suited to work with specific populations. This article outlines a rationale for a counselling model used for female college students in the United Arab Emirates where the concept of counselling is not well known, and where the social and cultural organizations demand a…

Lambert, Louise

2008-01-01

99

European American Therapist Self-Disclosure in Cross-Cultural Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven European American psychotherapists' use of self-disclosure in cross-cultural counseling was studied using consensual qualitative research. As reasons for self-disclosing, therapists reported the intent to enhance the counseling relationship, acknowledge the role of racism/oppression in clients' lives, and acknowledge their own…

Burkard, Alan W.; Knox, Sarah; Groen, Michael; Perez, Maria; Hess, Shirley A.

2006-01-01

100

The Vocational Significance of Black Identity: Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Assessment and Career Counseling  

PubMed Central

Scholarship is emerging on intervention models that purposefully attend to cultural variables throughout the career assessment and career counseling process (Swanson & Fouad, in press). One heuristic model that offers promise to advance culturally-relevant vocational practice with African Americans is the Outline for Cultural Formulation (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). This article explicates the Outline for Cultural Formulation in career assessment and career counseling with African Americans integrating the concept of cultural identity into the entire model. The article concludes with an illustration of the Outline for Cultural Formulation model with an African American career client.

Byars-Winston, Angela M.

2010-01-01

101

The Vocational Significance of Black Identity: Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Assessment and Career Counseling.  

PubMed

Scholarship is emerging on intervention models that purposefully attend to cultural variables throughout the career assessment and career counseling process (Swanson & Fouad, in press). One heuristic model that offers promise to advance culturally-relevant vocational practice with African Americans is the Outline for Cultural Formulation (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). This article explicates the Outline for Cultural Formulation in career assessment and career counseling with African Americans integrating the concept of cultural identity into the entire model. The article concludes with an illustration of the Outline for Cultural Formulation model with an African American career client. PMID:20495668

Byars-Winston, Angela M

2010-06-01

102

Effects of Client Expectation for Counseling Success, Client-Counselor Worldview Match, and Client Adherence to Asian and European American Cultural Values on Counseling Process with Asian Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After assessing their expectation for counseling success, adherence to Asian cultural values, and adherence to European American cultural values, 88 Asian American volunteer clients with personal concerns engaged in single-session counseling with 1 of 11 female counselors who either matched or mismatched the client's worldview. Clients in the…

Kim, Bryan S. K.; Ng, Gladys F.; Ahn, Annie J.

2005-01-01

103

Information related to prenatal genetic counseling: interpretation by adolescents, effects on risk perception and ethical implications.  

PubMed

Being raised in the genomic era may not only increase knowledge of available genetic testing but may also have an impact on how genetic information is perceived. However, little is known about how current adolescents react to the language commonly used by health care professionals providing prenatal counseling. In addition, as risk communication is related to numbers and figures, having different educational backgrounds may be associated with variability in risk perceptions. In order to investigate these issues, a previously developed questionnaire studying different ways of being told about hypothetical anomalies in a baby and corresponding risks (Abramsky and Fletcher Prenatal Diagnosis 22(13):1188-1194, 2002) was administered to high-school students in Sweden. A total of 344 questionnaires were completed by students belonging to a natural science or a social science program. The data show that teenage participants found technical jargon and words such as rare and abnormal more worrying than the presented comparison terms. Negative framing effects and perception differences related to numeric risk formats were also present. Additionally, participants' gender and educational program did not seem to have an effect on risk assessment. In addition to reporting the questionnaire results, we discuss the ethical implications of the data based on the norm of non-directiveness and make some recommendations for practice. In general, genetic counselors should be aware that the language used within clinical services can be influential on this group of upcoming counselees. PMID:22037899

Melas, Philippe A; Georgsson Öhman, Susanne; Juth, Niklas; Bui, The-Hung

2011-10-25

104

Integrated counselling: Is this good enough across cultures?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this workshop, a sample of evolving integrated counselling approaches will be presented followed by a discussion on hypothetical case scenarios where the said framework may be applied. There will be opportunities for the participants to incorporate their own counselling practice framework while learning from others during the discussion. It is practical and beneficial that this workshop be given 60

Maria Victoria McCarthy; Brisbane Qld

105

Chinese Confucian culture and the medical ethical tradition.  

PubMed Central

The Confucian culture, rich in its contents and great in its significance, exerted on the thinking, culture and political life of ancient China immense influences, unparalleled by any other school of thought or culture. Confucian theories on morality and ethics, with 'goodness' as the core and 'rites' as the norm, served as the 'key notes' of the traditional medical ethics of China. The viewpoints of Confucianism on benevolence and material interests, on good and evil, on kindheartedness, and on character cultivation were all inherited by the medical workers and thus became prominent in Chinese traditional medical ethics. Hence, it is clear that the medical profession and Confucianism have long shared common goals in terms of ethics. Influenced by the excellent Confucian thinking and culture, a rather highly-developed system of Chinese traditional medical ethics emerged with a well-defined basic content, and the system has been followed and amended by medical professionals of all generations throughout Chinese history. This system, just to mention briefly, contains concepts such as the need: to attach great importance to the value of life; to do one's best to rescue the dying and to heal the wounded; to show concern to those who suffer from diseases; to practise medicine with honesty; to study medical skills painstakingly; to oppose a careless style of work; to comfort oneself in a dignified manner; to respect local customs and to be polite; to treat patients, noble or humble, equally, and to respect the academic achievements of others, etc. Of course, at the same time, Confucian culture has its own historical and class limitations, which exerted negative influences on traditional medical ethics. Now, if we are to keep up with the development of modern medicine, a serious topic must be addressed. That is how to retain the essence of our traditional medical ethics so as to maintain historic continuity and yet, at the same time, add on the new contents of medical ethics so as to incorporate modern features into our system. Therefore, when trying to reform medical practice in China, we are faced with the urgent need to inherit and promulgate the essence of Confucian ethics--discarding its obsolete concepts--while at the same time building up the new medical ethics that can meet the requirements of the outside world and the future.

Guo, Z

1995-01-01

106

“So wat do u want to wrk on 2day?”: The Ethical Implications of Online Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet counseling is an area of rapid expansion in the field of applied psychology. Internet counseling or psychotherapy involves a variety of activities such as psychoeducation, individual therapy, and automated self-help interventions delivered via the Internet. Although other professional societies such as the National Association of Social Workers, the American Counseling Association, and the National Board of Certified Counselors have

Christina M. Rummell; Nicholas R. Joyce

2010-01-01

107

Counseling African American Adolescents: The Impact of Race, Culture, and Middle Class Status.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article opens with definitions of culturally responsive counseling and middle-class status, continues with a discussion of African American cultural values, explores identity issues and intra-racial stressors, and provides culturally responsive recommendations for working effectively with middle-class African American adolescents. (Contains…

Day-Vines, Norma L.; Patton, James M.; Baytops, Joy L.

2003-01-01

108

Animal Agriculture: Symbiosis, Culture, or Ethical Conflict?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several writers on animal ethics defend the abolition of most or all animal agriculture, which they consider an unethical\\u000a exploitation of sentient non-human animals. However, animal agriculture can also be seen as a co-evolution over thousands\\u000a of years, that has affected biology and behavior on the one hand, and quality of life of humans and domestic animals on the\\u000a other.

Vonne Lund; I. Anna S. Olsson

2006-01-01

109

Asian American Client Adherence to Asian Cultural Values, Counselor Expression of Cultural Values, Counselor Ethnicity, and Career Counseling Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the relationships among client adherence to Asian cultural values, counselor expression of cultural values, counselor ethnicity, and career counseling process with Asian American college students. Clients who had high adherence to Asian cultural values evaluated Asian American counselors as more empathic and credible than…

Kim, Bryan S. K.; Atkinson, Donald R.

2002-01-01

110

“What am I supposed to fall back on?” Cultural Literacy in Criminal Justice ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thoughts expressed in this article were derived from Thornberry's “Cultural Literacy in Criminology” and Seigel and Zalman's “Cultural Literacy in Criminal Justice.” Given the newness of teaching ethics in criminal justice, this article underscores (a) the role of ethics in criminal justice, (b) cultural literacy in criminal justice ethics, (c) major unethical perspectives in criminal justice that need to be

Sam S. Souryal; Dennis W. Potts

1993-01-01

111

Ethical Communicative Practice as a Basis for Evaluating Corporate Cultures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows that commercial corporations are emerging as political sites requiring social evaluation. Describes the goals of a theory of ethical communicative practice. Builds a critical theory of organizations and communication. Suggests that existing studies of corporate culture are unable to go beyond micro descriptions of the social construction of…

Deetz, Stanley A.

1993-01-01

112

Nondirectiveness and Its Lay Interpretations: The Effect of Counseling Style, Ethnicity and Culture on Attitudes Towards Genetic Counseling Among Jewish and Bedouin Respondents in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

To evaluate the effects of ethnicity, culture, and counseling style on the interpretation of nondirectiveness in genetic counseling, a questionnaire containing premarital and prenatal case vignettes in two versions (pessimistic\\/optimistic) was administered to 281 Jewish and 133 Bedouin respondents. The first study population was comprised of Jewish students enrolled in a university and a community college in the Negev (southern

Aviad E. Raz; Marcela Atar

2003-01-01

113

Ethical Behavior, Corporate Culture and Financial Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to examine trust as a fundamental principle without which insurance and other financial services will not perform as expected in the future. The culture of the firm providing financial services is also examined especially in light of the effect of mergers and acquisitions on the corporate culture of the neworganization. Finally, a program of

Norman A. Baglini

2001-01-01

114

European American Therapist Self-Disclosure in Cross-Cultural Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eleven European American psychotherapists' use of self-disclosure in cross-cultural counseling was studied using consensual qualitative research. As reasons for self-disclosing, therapists reported the intent to enhance the counseling relationship, acknowledge the role of racism\\/oppression in clients' lives, and acknowledge their own racist\\/oppressive attitudes. Results indicated that therapists typically shared their reactions to clients' experiences of racism or oppression and that

Alan W. Burkard; Sarah Knox; Michael Groen; Maria Perez; Shirley A. Hess

2006-01-01

115

Legal and ethical issues in genetic testing and counseling for susceptibility to breast, ovarian and colon cancer.  

PubMed

The prediction of susceptibility to heritable breast, ovarian and colon cancer raises important legal and ethical concerns. Health care professionals have a duty to disclose sufficient information to enable patients to make informed decisions. They must also safeguard the confidentiality of patient data. These duties may come into conflict if a positive finding in one patient implies that family members are also at risk. A legal distinction is made between a breach of confidentiality and the legitimate sharing of information in a patient's interest or to prevent harm to a third party. Physicians also have a fiduciary duty to warn. Other issues concern the legal liability assumed by genetic counsellors, whose disclosures may influence decisions about childbearing, for example, and the risk of socioeconomic discrimination faced by people with a known genetic susceptibility. Traditional ethical orientations and principals may be applied to these and other questions, but feminist ethics will likely have particular importance in the development of an ethical stance toward testing and counseling for heritable breast and ovarian cancer. PMID:8634959

Dickens, B M; Pei, N; Taylor, K M

1996-03-15

116

Premarital counseling and culture: A narrative inquiry of couples' insights  

Microsoft Academic Search

Premarital counseling programs have emerged as a way to lower the chances of divorce and also to increase couple satisfaction after marriage. Premarital programs provide couples with necessary skills to enhance communication, problem solving, and decrease conflict by addressing expectations within marriage. Although these programs have been shown to be helpful to couples, they often present a \\

Sonja Stutzman

2011-01-01

117

History, Research, and Counseling Implications of Cultural Socialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of transracial adoptions in the United States, particularly international adoptions, is increasing annually. Counseling psychology as a profession, however, is a relatively silent voice in the research on and practice of transracial adoption. This article presents an overview of the history and research on transracial adoption to inform coun- seling psychologists of the set of racial and ethnic

Richard M. Lee

118

A Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Assessment and Career Counseling with Asian American Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the cultural formulations approach to career assessment and career counseling, the current article applies it specifically to Asian American clients. The approach is illustrated by using the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" fourth edition ("DSM-IV") Outline for Cultural Formulations that consists of the following five…

Leong, Frederick T. L.; Hardin, Erin E.; Gupta, Arpana

2010-01-01

119

A Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Assessment and Career Counseling with Asian American Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the cultural formulations approach to career assessment and career counseling, the current article applies it specifically to Asian American clients. The approach is illustrated by using the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" fourth edition ("DSM-IV") Outline for Cultural Formulations that consists of the following five…

Leong, Frederick T. L.; Hardin, Erin E.; Gupta, Arpana

2010-01-01

120

Culture-Specific Assets to Consider when Counseling Latina/o Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strength-based cultural considerations for counseling Latina/o children and adolescents are not well articulated in the literature. Furthermore, research and demographic data indicate concerns for Latinas/os, such as acculturative stress and discrimination. This article describes treatment applications focused on Latina/o youth's cultural

Villalba, Jose A., Jr.

2007-01-01

121

Broaching the Subjects of Race, Ethnicity, and Culture during the Counseling Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors define "broaching" as the counselor's ability to consider how sociopolitical factors such as race influence the client's counseling concerns. The counselor must learn to recognize the cultural meaning clients attach to phenomena and to subsequently translate that cultural knowledge into meaningful practice that facilitates client…

Day-Vines, Norma L.; Wood, Susannah M.; Grothaus, Tim; Craigen, Laurie; Holman, Angela; Dotson-Blake, Kylie; Douglass, Marcy J.

2007-01-01

122

Career counseling centers in higher education: A study of cross-cultural applications from the United States to Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in career development and career counseling is growing in Korea. Nevertheless, neither the research nor the literature\\u000a adequately address the question as to what applications can be cross-culturally transferred from career counseling centers\\u000a in the United States to Korea. This study qualitatively examines the practice of career counseling in seven university career\\u000a counseling centers in the United States in

Je-Kyung Lee; Michael Goh

2003-01-01

123

An examination of the ethical beliefs of managers using selected scenarios in a cross-cultural environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic literature addressing the topic of business ethics has paid little attention to cross-cultural studies of business ethics. Uncertainty exists concerning the effect of culture on ethical beliefs. The purpose of this research is to compare the ethical beliefs of managers operating in South Africa and Australia. Responses of 52 managers to a series of ethical scenarios were sought. Results

Russell Abratt; Deon Nel; Nicola Susan Higgs

1992-01-01

124

Legal and Ethical Issues Involved When Counseling Minors in Nonschool Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is essential for counselors to understand the legal and ethical issues relevant to working with minors. Article reviews major court cases and legislation concerning these areas. Discusses four ethical issues: counselor competence, client's rights to confidentiality, informed consent, and duties related to child abuse. Considers issues for…

Lawrence, Gabrielle; Kurpius, Sharon E. Robinson

2000-01-01

125

Ethical Complaints and Violations in Rehabilitation Counseling: An Analysis of Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a descriptive study of Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification data related to ethical complaints and violations from 1993 to 2006. The authors reviewed complaints filed against certified rehabilitation counselors involving rules from the pre-2001 Code of Ethics and standards in the current code and analyzed the ensuing…

Saunders, Jodi L.; Barros-Bailey, Mary; Rudman, Rebecca; Dew, Donald W.; Garcia, Jorge

2007-01-01

126

The Relationship between Ethical Culture and Unethical Behavior in Work Groups: Testing the Corporate Ethical Virtues Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Corporate Ethical Virtues Model, which is a model for measuring the ethical culture of organizations, has not been tested on its predictive validity. This study tests the relationship between this model and observed unethical behavior in work groups. The sample consists of 301 triads comprising a manager and two direct reports. The results show that six of the eight

S. P. Kaptein

2008-01-01

127

Comparative analysis of ethical leadership and ethical culture in local government : The USA, The Netherlands, Montenegro and Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the role of ethical leadership and ethical culture as a safeguard against corruption. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using survey data from public managers in local authorities in The Netherlands, Serbia, Montenegro and the USA in a comparative study. Findings – The USA and The Netherlands, generally, display higher levels of organizational integrity

Emile Kolthoff; Rodney Erakovich; Karin Lasthuizen

2010-01-01

128

[Cultural aspects of ethical decisions at the end of life and cultural competence].  

PubMed

Advances in medical science and technology offer new medical interventions at the end of life. These new medical measures create new ethical issues, which increase in complexity in a multicultural society. This paper discusses three cases, in which cultural value systems play a decisive role. Change in the goals of therapy, truth telling of diagnosis and prognosis and presumed will of the patient are the key ethical points in these cases. Because of growth in minority populations in Germany, it is foreseeable that the number of these issues will increase in the near future. The author of this paper argues that concepts and measurements must be urgently developed in health care systems to help the medical staff in their daily practises. According to him, cultural competence and cultural sensitive advanced directives can be helpful for solving complex ethical problems at the end of life. Other interventions and measurements were also described for improved end-of-life care in multicultural setting. PMID:18787863

Ilkilic, Ilhan

2008-08-01

129

COUNSELING CULTURALLY DIFFERENT STUDENTS IN THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

A community college counselor is first and foremost a student advocate, who meets as often as needed with students to assist them in achieving their educational goals. Students whose cultural backgrounds are different from the mainstream culture will face adverse situations when confronted with a new cultural environment that does not validate their experiences or appreciate their social behavior. Coming

Vy Trac Do

1996-01-01

130

A Culturally Responsive Intervention for Addressing Problematic Behaviors in Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Counseling faculty serve as gatekeepers to protect the public from trainees who demonstrate significant deficiencies in professional functioning. Two issues that have not been thoroughly examined are how different cultural values may intersect with the assessment of appropriate professional competencies and whether the multicultural environment…

Goodrich, Kristopher M.; Shin, Richard Q.

2013-01-01

131

Therapist Multicultural Competence, Asian American Participants' Cultural Values, and Counseling Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Asian Americans drop out of mental health treatment at a high rate. This problem could be addressed by enhancing therapists' multicultural competence and by examining clients' cultural attitudes that may affect the counseling process. In the present study, we used a video analogue design with a sample of 113 Asian American college students to…

Wang, Shihwe; Kim, Bryan S. K.

2010-01-01

132

Greek American Ethnic Identity, Cultural Experience and the "Embodied Language" of Dance: Implications for Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ethnographic study aims to contribute to better counseling services for the Greek American population in the U.S. by providing cultural knowledge and insight into one of the smaller ethnic groups that has been overlooked in the literature. More specifically, it explores the role of the "embodied language" of dance in the formation of Greek…

Issari, Philia

2011-01-01

133

Ethics in organ donation: contrasts in two cultures.  

PubMed

1. For cadaveric organs in the West, there are many avenues that should be pursued in order to increase the supply. Most of the measures under "giving" in Table 2 are ethical, though we do not accept the implication that those who enroll, in advance, as future organ donors should thereby obtain priority for their own possible future transplant organ needs. 2. "Legislated taking" could be ethically justified if shown to be acceptable to most persons in a society or culture, with provision for opting out for those with minority opinions and beliefs. Such evidence should be sought, and acted upon if found to be present. It certainly warrants a strong public education thrust. 3. Possibilities should be explored for nonmonetary rewarding of families of the decreased, in ways that would not foreclose on families giving authorization for purely altruistic reasons. Direct money payments, "buying," will never outweigh the ethical arguments against the practice, in our opinion. There are other societal avenues by which to pursue the perfectly acceptable goals of indirect altruism. 4. For kidney donations from unrelated living donors in India, a case is made for considering rewarded gifting as being ethically acceptable if it is defined in the way that it is carefully defined for this article, provided it meets the criteria for indirect altruism of a panel of social peers, and also is linked to measures of mandated philanthropy (decided also by a panel of social peers), for the reasons given. This is a balance of societal burden (in allowing rewarded gifting) by the ensured benefit to the seller (to prevent his victimization) plus a required benefit to society by seller's philanthropy. The setting of these balances should be decided by a panel of social peers. Such acceptance would not necessarily pass muster for other cultures than the one for which it is designed. 5. All forms of commerce, included that described in the preceding paragraph, become ethically unacceptable if the regulations governing them cannot realistically be enforced. This is a crucial point, a requirement for ethical cogency. PMID:1926454

Dossetor, J B; Manickavel, V

1991-10-01

134

Linking Culture and Ethics: A Comparison of Accountants’ Ethical Belief Systems in the Individualism\\/Collectivism and Power Distance Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses accounting professionals from an international setting to test the individualism and power distance cultural dimensions developed by Hofstede [Culture’s Consequences (Sage Publications, Beverly Hills, CA) 1980]. Six countries, which appropriately represented high and low values on the Hofstede dimensions, were chosen for the survey of ethical beliefs. Respondents (n = 249) from the six countries were requested

Aileen Smith; Evelyn C. Hume

2005-01-01

135

Developing Cultural Competence and Overcoming Ethical Challenges in the Informed Consent Process: An Experience from Egypt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is conducted in a variety of cultural settings. Ethical standards developed in Europe and the Americas are increasingly applied in these settings, many of which are culturally different from the countries in which these standards originated. To overcome these cultural differences, investigators may be tempted to deviate from ethical

Abdel-Messih, Ibrahim Adib; El-Setouhy, Maged; Crouch, Michael M.; Earhart, Kenneth C.

2008-01-01

136

Counseling Latino alcohol and other substance users\\/abusers cultural considerations for counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a sociocultural alcohol\\/drug counseling model for counselors working with Latino users\\/abusers. Intended to supplement different treatment models, this model addresses pretreatment issues of Latino users\\/abusers. A demographic overview of Latinos and a discussion of selected Latino cultural values and issues as they relate to substance use\\/abuse are included. These cultural values include Simpatía, Personalismo, Familismo, Gender Roles

Alberta M. Gloria; John J. Peregoy

1996-01-01

137

Culture and Acculturation Influences on Palestinian Perceptions of Prenatal Genetic Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patient cultural backgrounds strongly influence decision-making processes and outcomes in genetic counseling. The present\\u000a study investigated influences of culture and acculturation on prenatal decision making processes of native Palestinians and\\u000a Palestinian Americans. Seventeen native Palestinians and 14 first-generation, Palestinian Americans were interviewed and asked\\u000a to imagine themselves as patients in hypothetical premarital and prenatal situations. Five major issues were investigated:

Rawan Awwad; Patricia McCarthy Veach; Dianne M. Bartels; Bonnie S. LeRoy

2008-01-01

138

Practical Strategies for Providing Culturally Sensitive, Ethical Care in Developing Nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing health care in developing nations results in cul- tural and ethical challenges for health care professionals. The authors' intent is to raise readers' awareness of how to main- tain an ethical and culturally sensitive approach to practice in developing nations. Four practical approaches to ethical decision-making, developed from the literature and praxis, in conjunction with traditional moral theory and

NANCY J. CRIGGER; LYGIA HOLCOMB

2007-01-01

139

Making Career Theories More Culturally Sensitive: Implications for Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary question addressed in this article is whether and how career theories can be more culturally sensitive without losing value as conceptual explanations or their usefulness for counselors. Contextual action theory is identified as a means to develop culturally sensitive explanations. Six steps are proposed and illustrated, including…

Young, Richard A.; Marshall, Sheila K.; Valach, Ladislav

2007-01-01

140

Empowering Abused Women: Multi-Cultural Counseling Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the mid 1980's some of the counselors on Guam began to explore oppressive family patterns. This resulted in major legislative, child welfare, and law enforcement changes, as well as a quest for treatment strategies that would meet the needs of this unique multi-cultural population. This paper discusses the use of experiential, culture-sensitive…

Hardin, Ann; Sukola, Kelly Renae

141

CBRC and psychosocial counselling: assessing needs and developing an ethical framework for practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Encountering infertility and involuntary childlessness and undergoing infertility treatment are acknowledged as stressful experiences that impact on individuals’ psychological and emotional health – and for which access to psychosocial counselling by a skilled mental health professional may be beneficial. Evidence of patients’, gamete donors’ and surrogates’ experiences indicates that utilization of infertility treatment in another country may not only exacerbate

Eric Blyth; Petra Thorn; Tewes Wischmann

2011-01-01

142

Therapist Multicultural Competence, Asian American Participants' Cultural Values, and Counseling Process  

PubMed Central

Asian Americans drop out of mental health treatment at a high rate. This problem could be addressed by enhancing therapists’ multicultural competence and by examining clients’ cultural attitudes that may affect the counseling process. In the present study, we used a video analogue design with a sample of 113 Asian American college students to examine these possibilities. The result from a t test showed that the session containing therapist multicultural competencies received higher ratings than the session without therapist multicultural competence. In addition, correlational analyses showed that participant values acculturation was positively associated with participant ratings of counseling process, while the value of emotional self-control was negatively correlated. The results of a hierarchical multiple regression analysis did not support any interaction effects among the independent variables on counseling process. All of these findings could contribute to the field of multicultural competence research and have implications for therapist practices and training.

Wang, Shihwe; Kim, Bryan S. K.

2011-01-01

143

Counseling applications of RET in a Chinese cultural context  

Microsoft Academic Search

To explore the potential of Rational Emotive Therapy (RET) with clients of Chinese background, a brief review is conducted\\u000a with respect to parallels between RET philosophy and some key components of Chinese culture and ways in which Chinese think.\\u000a Arguments are advanced as to why RET is particularly suitable for use within a Chinese cultural context. Issues involved in\\u000a using

Charles P. Chen

1995-01-01

144

Cultural circumcision in EU public hospitals--an ethical discussion.  

PubMed

The paper explores the ethical aspects of introducing cultural circumcision of children into the EU public health system. We reject commonplace arguments against circumcision: considerations of good medical practice, justice, bodily integrity, autonomy and the analogy from female genital mutilation. From the unique structure of patient-medicine interaction, we argue that the incorporation of cultural circumcision into EU public health services is a kind of medicalization, which does not fit the ethos of universal healthcare. However, we support a utilitarian argument that finds hospital based circumcision safer than non-medicalized alternatives. The argument concerning medicalization and the utilitarian argument both rely on preliminary empirical data, which depend on future validation PMID:19076127

Brusa, Margherita; Barilan, Y Michael

2009-10-01

145

Multi-Cultural Considerations for Counselling First Nations Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite evidence that First Nations people experience a disproportionate degree of mental health concerns relative to other Canadians, many within this population do not access Western-based mental health services. In this article we extend a socio-political and historical rationale for attending to key cultural differences when working with…

Nuttgens, Simon A.; Campbell, Allan J.

2010-01-01

146

Culturally Competent Counseling for Religious and Spiritual African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religion and spirituality are deeply rooted in traditional African American culture. Data suggest that African American adolescents maintain higher baseline rates of religious activities and beliefs than their peers (Bachman, Johnston, & O'Malley, 2005; Smith, Faris, Denton, & Regnerus, 2003). Recognizing these data, this article examines…

Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Day-Vines, Norma L.

2008-01-01

147

Culturally Competent Counseling for Religious and Spiritual African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Religion and spirituality are deeply rooted in traditional African American culture. Data suggest that African American adolescents maintain higher baseline rates of religious activities and beliefs than their peers (Bachman, Johnston, & O'Malley, 2005; Smith, Faris, Denton, & Regnerus, 2003). Recognizing these data, this article examines…

Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Day-Vines, Norma L.

2008-01-01

148

When West Writes East: In Search of an Ethic for Cross-Cultural Interviewing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-cultural interviewing can pose challenges for journalists, given potential differences in language, word choice, volume, body posture, and group dynamics. This article explores some of the complexities of cross-cultural interviews with the dual aim of heightening awareness of ethical considerations for journalists who conduct them and of discussing ethical principles that may help in guiding their work. This article attempts

Rick Kenney; Kimiko Akita

2008-01-01

149

Culturally responsive relational reflexive ethics in research: the three rs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors define ethics, discuss why researchers should care about ethics, and briefly review the history\\u000a of ethics and the surrounding contemporary debate as related to research, the development of research ethics codes, research\\u000a ethics legislation, and the formation of the human subjects research review boards in the West with an emphasis on the United\\u000a States’ Institutional

Maria K. E. Lahman; Monica R. Geist; Katrina L. Rodriguez; Pamela Graglia; Kathryn K. DeRoche

2011-01-01

150

[Rare diseases: specific ethical and legal aspects of genetic counseling and screening].  

PubMed

This article analyses the specific rights of patients with rare diseases from a dual perspective. On the one hand, they concern a new generation of patients' rights that arise once the consolidation of basic rights has occurred, fundamentally after the application of Law 41/2002 (on Regulating Patient Autonomy and Rights and Obligations in the Field of Health Documentation and Information) and its development by the autonomous communities. On the other hand, the fundamental question raises a serious issue related to these patients, which involves the principles of equality, equity, non-discrimination and solidarity. This is aimed at promoting legislative measures to protect patients' equality of access to health and social services, with the ultimate aim of improving their quality of life. The author has given special relevance in his study to the treatment of rare diseases that are genetic in origin, and to the importance of adequate genetic counseling. PMID:22984752

Sánchez-Caro, Javier

151

A Measure of Cultural Competence as an Ethical Responsibility: Quick-Racial and Ethical Sensitivity Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the psychometric qualifications of a new video-based measure of school professionals' ethical sensitivity toward issues of racial intolerance in schools. The new scale, titled the Quick-Racial and Ethical Sensitivity Test (Quick-REST) is based on the ethical principles commonly shared by school-based professional…

Sirin, Selcuk R.; Rogers-Sirin, Lauren; Collins, Brian A.

2010-01-01

152

A Measure of Cultural Competence as an Ethical Responsibility: Quick-Racial and Ethical Sensitivity Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the psychometric qualifications of a new video-based measure of school professionals' ethical sensitivity toward issues of racial intolerance in schools. The new scale, titled the Quick-Racial and Ethical Sensitivity Test (Quick-REST) is based on the ethical principles commonly shared by school-based professional…

Sirin, Selcuk R.; Rogers-Sirin, Lauren; Collins, Brian A.

2010-01-01

153

Facebook: Maintaining Ethical Practice in the Cyberspace Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current technology provides counseling center clinicians regular and immediate access to the students they work with via social networking. Focusing on Facebook in particular, this article discusses the opportunities and challenges this access creates and specifically explores how utilization of ethical, clinical, and cultural lenses might affect decisions about Facebook use, with particular emphasis on consideration of appropriate ethical principles

Ian Birky; Wanda Collins

2011-01-01

154

An ethical solution to the challenges in teaching anatomy with dissection in the Chinese culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article examines the main obstacles to cadaver donation in the Chinese culture and provides solutions to this obstacle. The article covers the development of an Education Center for Medical ethics and suggestions of how to incorporate medical ethics and treatment of cadavers into anatomy classes in Chinese Medical schools.

2008-03-01

155

Note on a Cross-cultural Test of Gilligan's Ethic of Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One hundred and twenty students from both Brazil and Norway were tested with Skoe's Ethic of Care Interview (ECI), which is a test of Gilligan's hypothesized gender-related ethic of care. Subjects were also tested with Bem's Sex Role Inventory and Triandis's Test of Cultural Orientations. The ECI was shown to be related neither to gender nor to…

Vikan, Arne; Camino, Cleonice; Biaggio, Angela

2005-01-01

156

Can They Do That? Legal Ethics in Popular Culture: Of Characters and Acts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Essay describes the depiction of modern lawyers' professional ethics in literature, films, and television, and distinguishes between personal and professional character and specific acts. Depictions of lawyers in modern popular culture are more complex and nuanced than older treatments and allow law students, lawyers, and legal academics an opportunity to examine both ethical rule violations and \\

Carrie J. Menkel-Meadow

2001-01-01

157

Effects of Culture and Education on Ethical Responses on Our Global Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two trends that affect communications are prevalent today: a focus on ethics in the U.S. business operations and an increasingly global society and marketplace. This research project brings together these trends to gain a more in-depth understanding of the impact of culture on ethical education. By surveying students in six countries around the globe, this study was able to get

Deborah Reed Scarfino; Kelli J Schutte; Christina Pryor Comiskey; Tanna White Campbell

2012-01-01

158

Archaeology, Ethics, and Character: Using Our Cultural Heritage to Teach Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Archaeology is a highly interdisciplinary field. Its main goal is to construct culture histories, but it uses many scientific methods in the process. Ethical dilemmas inherent in archaeology make it a good vehicle for teaching ethics and character in the classroom (Moe 2000). The interdisciplinary nature of the field makes it possible to weave…

Moe, Jeanne M.; Coleman, Carolee; Fink, Kristie; Krejs, Kirsti

2002-01-01

159

Screening and Counseling for Genetic Conditions: A Report on the Ethical, Social, and Legal Implications of Genetic Screening, Counseling, and Education Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rapid advances now occurring in genetic screening techniques and the increased resources devoted to genetic counseling give Americans new opportunities to understand their biological heritage and to make their health care and reproductive plans accord...

1983-01-01

160

Ethics and Accreditation in Addictions Counselor Training: Possible Field Placement Issues for CACREP-Accredited Addictions Counseling Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professional counselors have long been practicing in alcohol and drug treatment settings. However, only recently has the counseling field offered formal recognition of addictions counseling as a specialization through the implementation of accreditation standards for addiction counseling training programs. With the passage of the 2009 standards,…

Linton, Jeremy M.

2012-01-01

161

The experienced influence or effect of cultural\\/racism issues on the practice of counselling psychology-a qualitative study of one multicultural training organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counsellers' perspectives on how the issues of race and culture affect counselling, psychology and psychotherapy were explored in this phenomenological inquiry by distributing questionnaires to 108 co-researchers-all the staff and student of one multicultural counselling and psychotherapy training organization. It was left to the participants ot choose the terms to describe themselves (within the context of this research) and 31

Petruska Clarkson; Yuko Nippoda

1997-01-01

162

Business ethics judgments: A cross-cultural comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increased attention paid to ethical issues in business practice, there is interest in the ethics gap between the U.S. and the U.K. and in the ramifications for educating college students for business management positions. This paper examines the differences in ethics judgments between U.S. and U.K. business students. The results indicate that differences in their demographic profiles do

Thomas W. Whipple; Dominic F. Swords

1992-01-01

163

Ethical Challenges for Cross-Cultural Research Conducted by Psychologists From the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of rapid globalization, there has been an increase in U.S. psychologists conducting international cross-cultural research. Such researchers face unique ethical dilemmas. Although the American Psychological Association has its own Code of Ethics with guidelines regarding research, these guidelines do not specifically address international and cross-cultural research. The purposes of this article are to (a) provide a review of

Frederick T. L. Leong; Brent Lyons

2010-01-01

164

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Ethical Attitudes of Business Managers: India Korea and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culture has been identified as a significant determinant of ethical attitudes of business managers. This research studies the impact of culture on the ethical attitudes of business managers in India, Korea and the United States using multivariate statistical analysis. Employing Geert Hofstede's cultural typology, this study examines the relationship between his five cultural dimensions (individualism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity,

P. Maria Joseph Christie; Ik-Whan G. Kwon; Philipp A. Stoeberl; Raymond Baumhart

2003-01-01

165

Cross-cultural business ethics: Ethical beliefs difference between blacks and whites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the differences in ethical beliefs between blacks and whites in the United States. Two hundred and thirty four white students and two hundred and fifty five black students were presented with two scenarios and given the Reidenbach-Robin instrument measuring their ethical reactions to the scenarios.

John Tsalikis; Osita Nwachukwu

1988-01-01

166

Developing E-Team Cultures to Support Ethical Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students seeking to be entrepreneurs may have a stronger need than others to look at ethical responsibility. This paper describes two methods of introducing ethical responsibility to entrepreneurial student teams-through a framework entitled Seven Layers of Integrity (Ferrill and Jones), and a questionnaire which allows for introspection by asking about values students would want to create or find in a

June Ferrill

2004-01-01

167

Waiver Culture: The Unintended Consequence of Ethics Compliance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The passage of the U.S. Sarbanes-Oxley Act (2002) spawned a series of compliance and ethics programs --the revised Principles of Federal Prosecution of Business Organizations known as the Thompson Memo (Thompson, 2003), the revised Federal Sentencing Guidelines that included the Effective Compliance and Ethics Program and the corporate…

Genova, Gina L.

2008-01-01

168

Business ethics: A cross-cultural comparison of managers' attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison of attitudes among managers from France, Germany and the United States is made with respect to codes of ethics and ethical business philosophy. Findings are also compared with past studies by Baumhart and by Brenner and Molander where data are available. While the current data appear to be consistent with the past studies, there appear to be differences

Helmut Becker; David J. Fritzsche

1987-01-01

169

Counselling in culturally diverse inner-city communities: The rise and fall of the Kabin counselling project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social and economic regeneration of inner-city housing estates has been a common feature of successive UK government policies for a number of years. However, their focus has primarily been on the physical regeneration of communities to the exclusion of individuals' emotional and personal problems. Community-based counselling projects are still a rarity in regeneration projects. This article describes the establishment

Roger Green; Serena Nuttall-Smith Dicks; Julia Buckroyd

2009-01-01

170

A Preliminary Survey of Relationships between Counselor Educators' Ethics Education and Ensuing Pedagogy and Responses to Attractions with Counseling Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Survey examined ethics training of counselor educators and ensuing attitudes and actions in professional practice. Discovered that ethics pedagogy during training was related to later pedagogical strategies and to reactions to attraction with students. No single pedagogical strategy seemed to guarantee best teaching or ethical professional…

Downs, Louis

2003-01-01

171

Family Counseling and Ethical Challenges with Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered (GLBT) Clients: More Questions Than Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered (GLBT) persons and their families present unique ethical challenges for marriage and family counselors. A series of brief case vignettes touch on a range of ethical issues for couples and family counselors, including training, supervision, custody evaluation, ethical decision making, counselor bias,…

Janson, Gregory R.; Steigerwald, Fran J.

2002-01-01

172

Effects of justice and utilitarianism on ethical decision making: a cross-cultural examination of gender similarities and differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relationship between intention to behave ethically and gender within the context of national culture. Using Reidenbach and Robin's measures of the ethical dimensions of justice and utilitarianism in a sample of business students from three different countries, we found that gender is significantly related to the respondents' intention to behave ethically. Women relied on both justice

Rafik I. Beekun; Yvonne Stedham; James W. Westerman; Jeanne H. Yamamura

2010-01-01

173

Ethical Considerations for Acupuncture and Chinese Herbal Medicine Clinical Trials: A Cross-cultural Perspective.  

PubMed

MANY ETHICAL CONCERNS REVOLVE AROUND THE FOUR BASIC PRINCIPLES OF RESEARCH: merit and integrity, respect for human beings, weighting of risk-benefit and justice. These principles form the basis for any discussion concerning human research ethics and are applicable to all areas of research including acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine. World Health Organisation document, Guidelines for Clinical Research on Acupuncture, states that 'consideration should be given to the different value systems that are involved in human rights such as social, cultural and historical issues' and that 'further studies should be conducted in relation to ethical issues involved in clinical research on acupuncture'. In addition to outlining the four basic principles, this paper will also examine the effect of Asian culture on Western human research ethics and how this may impact upon issues such as informed consent and weighting of risk-benefit. PMID:18955359

Zaslawski, Christopher

2008-08-21

174

"We Share the Same Biology..." Cultivating Cross-Cultural Empathy and Global Ethics through Multilingualism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "language-culture tesseract" hypothesized in the September 2010 issue of "Mind, Brain, and Education" suggests successive links between non-native language (NNL) acquisition, the development of cross-cultural empathy, and prosocial global ethics. Invoking Goethe's (1833/1999) aphorism, "those who do not know other languages know nothing of…

Rolbin, Cyrus; Chiesa, Bruno Della

2010-01-01

175

Cultural and socioeconomic constraints on international codes of ethics: Lessons from accounting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a framework for the examination of cultural and socioeconomic factors that could impede the acceptance and implementation of a profession's international code of conduct. We apply it to the “Guidelines on Ethics for Professional Accountants” issued by the International Federation of Accountants (1990). To examine the cultural effects, we use Hofstede's (1980a) four work-related values: power distance,

Jeffrey R. Cohen; Laurie W. Pant; David J. Sharp

1992-01-01

176

Counseling Students on the Move: The Effects of Culture of Origin and Permanence of Relocation among International College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the differential effects of cultural background and permanence of relocation on the expectations of counseling, the kinds of support sought when approaching a counselor, and the acculturation attitudes among 219 international students from English-speaking countries and the former Soviet Union attending an Israeli university.…

Tatar, Moshe; Horenczyk, Gabriel

2000-01-01

177

Deaf Adults' Reasons for Genetic Testing Depend on Cultural Affiliation: Results from a Prospective, Longitudinal Genetic Counseling and Testing Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the relationship between cultural affiliation and deaf adults' motivations for genetic testing for deafness in the first prospective, longitudinal study to examine the impact of genetic counseling and genetic testing on deaf adults and the deaf community. Participants (n = 256), classified as affiliating with hearing, Deaf,…

Boudreault, Patrick; Baldwin, Erin E.; Fox, Michelle; Dutton, Loriel; Tullis, LeeElle; Linden, Joyce; Kobayashi, Yoko; Zhou, Jin; Sinsheimer, Janet S.; Sininger, Yvonne; Grody, Wayne W.; Palmer, Christina G. S.

2010-01-01

178

Induced Abortion: An Ethical Conundrum for Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Induced abortion is one of the most controversial moral issues in American culture, but counselor value struggles regarding abortion are seldom addressed in counseling literature. This article considers the conflictual nature of the ethical principles of autonomy, fidelity, justice, beneficence, and nonmaleficence as they can occur within the…

Millner, Vaughn S.; Hanks, Robert B.

2002-01-01

179

Induced Abortion: An Ethical Conundrum for Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Induced abortion is one of the most controversial moral issues in American culture, but counselor value struggles regarding abortion are seldom addressed in counseling literature. This article considers the conflictual nature of the ethical principles of autonomy, fidelity, justice, beneficence, and nonmaleficence as they can occur within the…

Millner, Vaughn S.; Hanks, Robert B.

2002-01-01

180

Gender and Cultural Differences in Consumer Ethics in a Consumer-Retailer Interaction Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the recent growth in researching consumer ethics in marketing, investigating gender differences in cross-cultural settings in a relational context has not been researched. This research attempts to fill this void. Different degrees of retailer-customer relationships were simulated through four carefully constructed scenarios. Empirical data were gathered in two contrasting cultures. Significant gender and cross-cultural differences with regard to customer

C. P. Rao; Adel A. Al-Wugayan

2005-01-01

181

Maintaining ethical cultures: Self-regulation in english local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

The establishment of an ethical framework to govern councillor conduct has been an important and controversial aspect of local government reform in England. Both the detail of the statutory code and the associated system of enforcement have been subject to criticism. As a result of some of these problems future reform and policy is likely to rely to a greater

Stephen Greasley

2007-01-01

182

Ethics  

Cancer.gov

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Human Research Protection (OHRP) has mandated that all research sites outside the United States that participate in research funded by the U.S. Government must file documentation certifying that each research site observes the Declaration of Helsinki on Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects and has an independent ethics committee. Sites participating in trials sponsored by the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) must also undergo regular on-site audits.

183

Translating global recommendations on HIV and infant feeding to the local context: the development of culturally sensitive counselling tools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This paper describes the process used to develop an integrated set of culturally sensitive, evidence-based counselling tools (job aids) by using qualitative participatory research. The aim of the intervention was to contribute to improving infant feeding counselling services for HIV positive women in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. METHODS: Formative research using a combination of qualitative methods preceded the

Sebalda C Leshabari; Peggy Koniz-Booher; Anne N Åstrøm; Marina M de Paoli; Karen M Moland

2006-01-01

184

Resolving the Paradoxes of and Barriers to Patient-Centered Culturally Sensitive Health Care: Lessons from the History of Counseling and Community Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The three reviews of the Major Contribution in this issue of The Counseling Psychologist provide thought-provoking critiques of counseling psychology's role in patient-centered culturally sensitive health care. In this rejoinder, the authors situate these critiques within the historical context of enduring paradoxes and barriers confronting…

Tucker, Carolyn M.; Herman, Keith C.

2007-01-01

185

The Ethics of Indigenous Storytelling: using the Torque Game Engine to Support Australian Aboriginal Cultural Heritage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital Songlines (DSL) is an Australasian CRC for Interaction Design (ACID) project that is developing protocols, methodologies and toolkits to facilitate the collection, education and sharing of indigenous cultural heritage knowledge. This paper outlines the goals achieved over the last three years in the ethics of developing the Digital Songlines game engine (DSE) toolkit that is used for Australian Indigenous

Theodor G Wyeld; Joti Carroll; Brendan Ledwich; Brett Leavy; Craig Gibbons; James Hills

2007-01-01

186

Perspectives on Child Abuse and Labour: Global Ethical Ideals Versus African Cultural Realities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the global and African postures on the issues of child abuse and child labour. The global ethical ideals of the issues are characterized within their various theoretical perspectives while the African cultural realities are explored through the use of focus group discussion sessions, which were organized in six rural…

Ajayi, A. O.; Torimiro, D. O.

2004-01-01

187

STUDENT UNDERSTANDING of CULTURALLY AND ETHICALLY RESPONSIVE CARE Implications for Nursing Curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing education programs have a responsibility to develop strategies that improve future nurses' multicultural competence and eth- ical approaches to caring for populations different than their own.This article describes results of a final exam evaluative process used in an under- graduate class focused on culture and ethics. Ideas for nurse educators who desire increased student responsiveness and accountability for meeting

CAROLYN SPENCE CAGLE

188

Cultivating Reflection and Understanding: Foundations and Orientations of Québec's Ethics and Religious Culture Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the conceptual foundations and orientations of Québec's “Ethics and Religious Culture” program (ERC). Its primary aim is to provide a careful and comprehensive reading of the program. It first situates the ERC program within the Québec Education Program. It then examines the ERC program's competencies and underscores the importance of these competencies for meeting the challenges

Ronald W. Morris

2011-01-01

189

From the Global Village to the Pluriverse? ‘Other’ Ethics for Cross-Cultural Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article, which stems from separate research projects pursued by each author in Oaxaca, Mexico, explores conducting fieldwork through the lenses of community autonomy , and hospitality . Engaging with these concepts made us question how the process of research can contradict cultural ethics that operate within fieldwork locations, as well as consider how such concepts may inform a more

Patricia M. Martin; Corrine Glesne

2002-01-01

190

Report on the Survey on "Social and Cultural Life and Ethics Education in the Middle Schools."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on a national study of the extracurricular cultural life and the impact of the mass media on Chinese middle school students. Finds a strong influence of recreational reading, television, music, and videos on middle school students. Presents a four-part course of action designed to strengthen ethical instruction in the schools. (CFR)|

Weizhi, Liang

1993-01-01

191

Transcultural Group Analysis II. Use and Abuse of Cultural Differences: Analysis and Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is proposed that a moral and ethical viewpoint can help us in analysing cultural differences in transcultural workshops and, by extension, in society at large. A developmental approach, from projection to mutual confrontation and concern, allows us to see these ways as ranging from primitive to more mature. Mature mutual respect for differences can be equated with the psychoanalytic

Dennis Brown

1992-01-01

192

Conceptualizing Global, Economic, Social-cultural, and Ethical Frames as an Evaluative Technique or Rubric  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses an evaluative technique or rubr ic for judging students' responses to and ob- servations on issues of computing. The paper discus ses the frames of globalization, economics, social-cultural, and ethical as dimensions structur ing the observations as well as the rubric.

Robert Joseph Skovira

193

Wanted: Tesseract. One Hypothesis on Languages, Cultures, and Ethics for Mind, Brain, and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For potential consideration by the Mind, Brain, and Education community, here is a modest but provocative hypothesis regarding the relationships between acquisition of languages, awareness of cultures, and development of ethics in human beings. Starting from the basic idea according to which "a fish does not know what water is," and using both…

Della Chiesa, Bruno

2010-01-01

194

Western medical ethics taught to junior medical students can cross cultural and linguistic boundaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Little is known about teaching medical ethics across cultural and linguistic boundaries. This study examined two successive cohorts of first year medical students in a six year undergraduate MBBS program. METHODS: The objective was to investigate whether Arabic speaking students studying medicine in an Arabic country would be able to correctly identify some of the principles of Western medical

Valmae A Ypinazar; Stephen A Margolis

2004-01-01

195

Foundations Symposium: A Continued Dialogue on Critical Theory, Cultural Analysis, and Ethical Aspects of the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven articles are presented from a symposium on critical theory, cultural analysis, and the ethical aspects of the use of educational technology. Two papers deal with the educational philosophy of two modern thinkers, and others focus on educational technology in the modern or postmodern era. The following papers are included: (1) "Foucault and…

Anderson, Jane; And Others

196

Teaching Ethics and Religious Culture in Quebec High Schools: An Overview, Contextualization and Some Analytical Comments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2008 Quebec introduced a new ethics and religious culture course. This marks a significant development in Canadian education as the mandated curriculum is intended for use in publically funded secular schools. In the past such courses have been in the domain of denominational schools. This new approach is examined in the context of the…

Rymarz, Richard

2012-01-01

197

Wanted: Tesseract. One Hypothesis on Languages, Cultures, and Ethics for Mind, Brain, and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For potential consideration by the Mind, Brain, and Education community, here is a modest but provocative hypothesis regarding the relationships between acquisition of languages, awareness of cultures, and development of ethics in human beings. Starting from the basic idea according to which "a fish does not know what water is," and using both…

Della Chiesa, Bruno

2010-01-01

198

The ethical dimensions of cultural competence in border health care settings.  

PubMed

Through thematic stories of patient and provider interactions on the U.S.-Mexico border, this article challenges the commonly understood definition of culture. It explores areas of concern related to cultural competency and medical ethics. Stories outline issues related to communication and comprehension, use of interpreters, gender and sexual orientation, traditional health care practices, socioeconomic status, age, health care settings, and involvement of community representatives. Policy recommendations address language, continuity of care, and health care professions education. PMID:11401622

Howard, C A; Andrade, S J; Byrd, T

2001-01-01

199

Navigating the Dialectic: Following Ethical Rules Versus Culturally Appropriate Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family therapists today face a dramatic increase in the cultural diversity of their clients (Sue, Arredondo, & McDavis, 1992). With this change in clientele, how do therapists deal with the dialectic between doing what they are trained to do in their profession versus doing what is culturally appropriate and potentially most beneficial for clients? When therapists navigate these difficult dialectics,

Elise Cole

2008-01-01

200

Research Proposal on the Study of Moral Emotions and Moral Behavior With Applications on Cross Cultural Business Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

While business ethics has recently become a popular field of study since the Enron scandal, not much empirical research has been done on whether differences in cross-cultural ethical and moral reasoning exist, and what might be the causes of these differences if they exist. McGregor in his popular book on investment and business opportunities in China, One Billion Customers, stated

Shih-chieh Fang; Andy Chiou

201

A Cross-cultural Study of Moral Philosophies, Ethical Perceptions and Judgements : A Comparison of American and Thai Marketers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moral philosophers and marketing ethicists generally agree that variations in moral judgements exist between different cultures. Compares American marketers with Thai marketers with respect to their moral philoso-phies, ethical perceptions, and ethical judgements. The results based on a survey of members of the American Marketing Association and the Thai Marketing Association indicate that American marketers are both less idealistic and

Anusorn Singhapakdi; Scott J. Vitell; Orose Leelakulthanit

1994-01-01

202

Consumer ethics in cross-cultural settings : Entrepreneurial implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entrepreneurs interested in entering different cultures and countries can be confronted with a bewildering array of differences in moral values. This situation is indicated by past research that has examined the moral judgements of American consumers, but has directed little or no effort towards investigating such attitudes in foreign-market settings with the intent to assist the entrepreneur in understanding differences

Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas; Gordon L. Patzer; Michael L. Klassen

1995-01-01

203

25 CFR 700.509 - Duties of the designated agency ethics official.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the agency General Counsel and the GSA Ethics Office. (c) Education and counseling program. The Designated Agency Ethics Official shall design and conduct an education and counseling program for...

2009-04-01

204

25 CFR 700.509 - Duties of the designated agency ethics official.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the agency General Counsel and the GSA Ethics Office. (c) Education and counseling program. The Designated Agency Ethics Official shall design and conduct an education and counseling program for...

2010-04-01

205

25 CFR 700.509 - Duties of the designated agency ethics official.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the agency General Counsel and the GSA Ethics Office. (c) Education and counseling program. The Designated Agency Ethics Official shall design and conduct an education and counseling program for...

2013-04-01

206

Facebook: Maintaining Ethical Practice in the Cyberspace Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Current technology provides counseling center clinicians regular and immediate access to the students they work with via social networking. Focusing on Facebook in particular, this article discusses the opportunities and challenges this access creates and specifically explores how utilization of ethical, clinical, and cultural lenses might affect…

Birky, Ian; Collins, Wanda

2011-01-01

207

Facebook: Maintaining Ethical Practice in the Cyberspace Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current technology provides counseling center clinicians regular and immediate access to the students they work with via social networking. Focusing on Facebook in particular, this article discusses the opportunities and challenges this access creates and specifically explores how utilization of ethical, clinical, and cultural lenses might affect…

Birky, Ian; Collins, Wanda

2011-01-01

208

A Grounded Theory of Relational Competencies and Creativity in Counseling: Beginning the Dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counselors and counselor educators are ethically bound to lifelong development of knowledge and skills that promote personal growth and relational development. The Association for Creativity in Counseling (ACC) was established on the principles of relational-cultural theory (RCT), which addresses the role of relational competency in growth-fostering relationships. One of the association's principal goals is to identify and define specific relational

Thelma Duffey; Shane Haberstroh; Heather Trepal

2009-01-01

209

Deaf Adults' Reasons for Genetic Testing Depend on Cultural Affiliation: Results From a Prospective, Longitudinal Genetic Counseling and Testing Study  

PubMed Central

This article examines the relationship between cultural affiliation and deaf adults’ motivations for genetic testing for deafness in the first prospective, longitudinal study to examine the impact of genetic counseling and genetic testing on deaf adults and the deaf community. Participants (n = 256), classified as affiliating with hearing, Deaf, or both communities, rated interest in testing for 21 reasons covering 5 life domains. Findings suggest strong interest in testing to learn why they are deaf, but little interest in using it for decisions about a partner or having children. Culturally mediated variation was also demonstrated. Deaf and both communities groups viewed testing as useful for more life domains than the hearing community group. Deaf and both communities had similar motivations related to further exploration, understanding, or strengthening of deafness. Motivations related to “hearing” were also relevant for both communities. We conclude that cultural affiliation is an important factor for constructing motivations for genetic testing.

Boudreault, Patrick; Baldwin, Erin E.; Fox, Michelle; Dutton, Loriel; Tullis, LeeElle; Linden, Joyce; Kobayashi, Yoko; Zhou, Jin; Sinsheimer, Janet S.; Sininger, Yvonne; Grody, Wayne W.; Palmer, Christina G. S.

2010-01-01

210

Career Counseling in the Twenty-First Century: Beyond Cultural Encapsulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the context in which professional career counseling in the U.S. exists at the beginning of the 21st century and makes recommendations to enhance the growth and development of the profession. Issues addresses include developing curricula, training career counselors, and broadening the focus of career decision making to include work…

Pope, Mark

2003-01-01

211

Educators' perceptions and attitudes toward school counseling and student personnel services: A cultural perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to survey and compare attitudes and perceptions toward school counseling and student personnel programs as held by educators in the Caribbean. The subjects in the study comprised 275 teachers and administrators employed in public and private junior and senior high schools in Nassau, Bahamas. The statistical tests used to analyze the data were the Kruskal-Wallis one-way

Sidney A. McPhee

1985-01-01

212

Group Counseling Expectations Among Asian American Students: The Role of Culture-Specific Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the influence of loss of face and acculturation on the group psychotherapy expectations of Asian American students (N = 134) with the Positive Attitudes subscale from Y. S. Slocum's (1987) Group Therapy Survey. Results showed that loss of face was not a significant predictor of positive attitudes toward group counseling, whereas acculturation was. U. Kim's (1988)

Frederick T. L. Leong; Nicole S. Wagner; Helen H. Kim

1995-01-01

213

Native American Indians and the Counseling Process: Culture, Adaptation, and Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Native Americans constitute a significant population that is growing and has great need for mental health and counseling services. Social problems in Native communities include high rates of alcoholism, alcohol-related deaths, drug use, youth suicide, and sexually transmitted diseases. Despite their mental health needs, Native Americans are…

Skouras, Thomas J.

214

Food and Culture: A Pedagogical Approach to Contextualizing Food-Based Activities in Multicultural Counseling Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pedagogic approaches that draw on reflective practices and experiential activities are valued for their perceived ability to enhance multicultural understanding. The use of food-based assignments is not uncommon in multicultural counseling courses; however, the authors contend that although these activities may be experiential in nature, they are…

Sommer, Carol A.; Rush, Lee Covington; Ingene, Daphne H.

2011-01-01

215

Food and Culture: A Pedagogical Approach to Contextualizing Food-Based Activities in Multicultural Counseling Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedagogic approaches that draw on reflective practices and experiential activities are valued for their perceived ability to enhance multicultural understanding. The use of food-based assignments is not uncommon in multicultural counseling courses; however, the authors contend that although these activities may be experiential in nature, they are…

Sommer, Carol A.; Rush, Lee Covington; Ingene, Daphne H.

2011-01-01

216

Marketing Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Saucier examines marketing ethics, focusing on the nature of new ethical breaches made possible by the increasing capabilities of technology. Chapter topics include the use of fear appeals, intrusive advertising in daily lives, the American materialistic culture, body image advertising, and puffery and deceptive advertising practice. Appendices include the American Marketing Association Code of Ethics, the Parents' Bill of Rights,

Rick D. Saucier

2008-01-01

217

Legal, cultural and ethical considerations on the informing of the cancer patient: a perspective from Greece.  

PubMed

Purpose: To discuss the current official legal position of the Greek Council and the official international statement on the subject, as well as the emerging cultural and moral aspects on the issue of informing the cancer patient. Methods: Perusal of national and international legal and ethics sources, under a multidisciplinary perspective. Results: According to the Council of State of Greece the violation of informing the patient by the physician constitutes urban liability and disciplinary offence. The Greek Code of Medical Ethics declares that the physician is obliged to inform his patient about his health and respect the desire of the patient who decides not to be informed. The UNESCO declaration does not seem to clarify the subject. In Greece, physicians have the tendency to tell the truth more often today than in the past, reflecting the global tendency, although the majority still discloses the truth to the next of kin. The difference in the tactics of informing in several nations reflects huge cultural, social, economic and religious differences in each society. Conclusion: Well informed and knowledgeable health-care and legal professionals, alongside with patients and ethical directors, should sit at the same table in order to productively discuss the most sensitive matters of the contemporary medical practice. PMID:24065501

Kousathana, L; Kousathana, F; Karamanou, M; Kousoulis, A A

218

Blending Genetics and Sociocultural Historical Inquiry: Ethics, Culture, and Human Subjects Protection in International Cross Cultural Research  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we examine the implementation and difficulties when conducting genetics research in a rural, traditional West African culture within the frame of the United States’ grounded research ethics. Research challenges are highlighted by Western researchers following U.S. Institutional Review Board (IRB) guidelines and practices in a non-Western country. IRB concepts are culture bound in Western ideals that may not have synchronicity and compatibility with non-Western cultures. Differences in sociocultural norms, traditions, language, and geography were influencing factors that can affect application of IRB principles. Suggestions for change are offered, which will potentially aid researchers considering application of IRB requirements when conducting research in non-Westernized, non-industrialized countries.

Sampson, Deborah A.; Caldwell, Dennis; Taylor, Andre D.; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y.

2013-01-01

219

Blending genetics and sociocultural historical inquiry: ethics, culture, and human subjects protection in international cross cultural research.  

PubMed

In this paper, we examine the implementation and difficulties when conducting genetics research in a rural, traditional West African culture within the frame of the United States' grounded research ethics. Research challenges are highlighted by Western researchers following U.S. Institutional Review Board (IRB) guidelines and practices in a non-Western country. IRB concepts are culture bound in Western ideals that may not have synchronicity and compatibility with non-Western cultures. Differences in sociocultural norms, traditions, language, and geography were influencing factors that can affect application of IRB principles. Suggestions for change are offered, which will potentially aid researchers considering application of IRB requirements when conducting research in non-Westernized, non-industrialized countries. PMID:23482512

Sampson, Deborah A; Caldwell, Dennis; Taylor, Andre D; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y

2013-03-12

220

Cultural imperatives and the ethics of verbal autopsies in rural Ghana.  

PubMed

Background: Due to a paucity of statistics from vital registration systems in developing countries, the verbal autopsy (VA) approach has been used to obtain cause-specific mortality data by interviewing lay respondents on the signs and symptoms experienced by the deceased prior to death. In societies where the culture of mourning is adhered to, the use of VA could clash with traditional norms, thus warranting ethical consideration by researchers. Objective: The study was designed to explore the ethics and cultural context of collecting VA information through a demographic and health surveillance system in the Kassena-Nankana District (KND) of Ghana.Study Design: Data were collected through qualitative in-depth interviews (IDIs) with four field staff involved in the routine conduct of VAs, four physicians who code VAs, 20 selected respondents to the VA tool, and eight opinion leaders in the KND. The interviews were supplemented with observation by the researchers and with the field notes of field workers. Interviews were audio-recorded, and local language versions transcribed into English. Thematic analysis was performed using QSR NVivo 8 software. Results: The data indicate that cultural sensitivities in VA procedures at both the individual and family levels need greater consideration not only for ethical reasons but also to ensure the quality of the data. Discussions of some deaths are culturally prohibited and therefore lead to refusal of interviews. Families were also concerned about the confidentiality of information because of the potential of blame for the death. VA teams do not necessarily engage in culturally appropriate bereavement practices such as the presentation of tokens. The desire by families for feedback on the cause of death, which is currently not provided by researchers, was frequently expressed. Finally, no standard exists on the culturally acceptable time interval between death and VA interviews. Conclusion: Ethical issues need to be given greater consideration in the collection of cause of death data, and this can be achieved through the establishment of processes that allow active engagement with communities, authorities of civil registrations, and Institutional Review Boards to take greater account of local contexts. PMID:24054087

Aborigo, Raymond A; Allotey, Pascale; Tindana, Paulina; Azongo, Daniel; Debpuur, Cornelius

2013-09-19

221

Cultural imperatives and the ethics of verbal autopsies in rural Ghana  

PubMed Central

Background Due to a paucity of statistics from vital registration systems in developing countries, the verbal autopsy (VA) approach has been used to obtain cause-specific mortality data by interviewing lay respondents on the signs and symptoms experienced by the deceased prior to death. In societies where the culture of mourning is adhered to, the use of VA could clash with traditional norms, thus warranting ethical consideration by researchers. Objective The study was designed to explore the ethics and cultural context of collecting VA information through a demographic and health surveillance system in the Kassena-Nankana District (KND) of Ghana. Study Design Data were collected through qualitative in-depth interviews (IDIs) with four field staff involved in the routine conduct of VAs, four physicians who code VAs, 20 selected respondents to the VA tool, and eight opinion leaders in the KND. The interviews were supplemented with observation by the researchers and with the field notes of field workers. Interviews were audio-recorded, and local language versions transcribed into English. Thematic analysis was performed using QSR NVivo 8 software. Results The data indicate that cultural sensitivities in VA procedures at both the individual and family levels need greater consideration not only for ethical reasons but also to ensure the quality of the data. Discussions of some deaths are culturally prohibited and therefore lead to refusal of interviews. Families were also concerned about the confidentiality of information because of the potential of blame for the death. VA teams do not necessarily engage in culturally appropriate bereavement practices such as the presentation of tokens. The desire by families for feedback on the cause of death, which is currently not provided by researchers, was frequently expressed. Finally, no standard exists on the culturally acceptable time interval between death and VA interviews. Conclusion Ethical issues need to be given greater consideration in the collection of cause of death data, and this can be achieved through the establishment of processes that allow active engagement with communities, authorities of civil registrations, and Institutional Review Boards to take greater account of local contexts.

Aborigo, Raymond A.; Allotey, Pascale; Tindana, Paulina; Azongo, Daniel; Debpuur, Cornelius

2013-01-01

222

Pregnancy in a hemodialysis patient with an ethical/cultural challenge.  

PubMed

Each year, one in 200 women of child-bearing age conceive while on dialysis. Of those pregnancies not electively terminated, 46% result in a surviving infant. Late pregnancy losses are common with 25% ending in second trimester spontaneous abortion, stillbirth or neonatal death (Hou & Firanek, 1998). Despite these alarming statistics, there has been an increase in the number of successful pregnancies reported in the literature (Bagon et al., 1998; Romao et al., 1998). This case study presentation will allow readers to appreciate both clinical challenges and ethical issues associated with a pregnant, hemodialysis-dependent woman. Despite being given information about the risks of pregnancy while on dialysis, Mrs. T. was determined to have a second child (she has a two-year-old son). Her strong religious beliefs led her to believe that Allah would protect her and her child from harm. This created an ethical conflict with many members of the interdisciplinary health care team, who were of the opinion that a pregnancy would be detrimental to Mrs. T's health. Five months after initiation of hemodialysis, Mrs. T. did become pregnant. The unique nature of an Arabic-speaking Muslim woman who was pregnant and on dialysis provided an opportunity for the health care team to become more familiar with cultural and ethical issues that impacted greatly on her care. At 36 weeks, Mrs. T. delivered a healthy 2362 gram (5.1 lb.) baby girl with an apgar score of four and eight. PMID:15719603

Ralph, C

223

Bioethical dimensions of cultural psychosomatics: the need for an ethical research approach.  

PubMed

Contemporary psychosomatics is a research-based technical discipline and its social power depends on how scientific knowledge is obtained and applied in practice, considering cultural contexts. This article presents the view that the dialogical principles on which bioethical discourse is based are more inclusive than professional ethics and philosophical reflection. The distinction is advanced between rule-guided behavior and norm-justifiable acts (substantiation and justification). The practical implications of good practices in the generation of valid, reliable, generalizable and applicable knowledge are emphasized. For practitioners and researchers, the need to reflect on the distinction between patient and research participant can avoid the therapeutic misunderstanding, a form of abuse of the doctor-patient relationship. In addition, in resource-poor settings, the dilemma presented by the know-do gap (inapplicability of research results due to financial or social constraints) is part of the ethics' realm of the profession. Future prospects include a wider use of research results in practice, but avoidance of the know-do gap (the disparity between what is known and what can be done, particularly in settings with limited resources) requires a synthetic and holistic approach to medical ethics, combining moral reflection, theoretical analysis and empirical data. PMID:23816868

Lolas, Fernando

2013-06-25

224

A model for pastoral counseling with African American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The model of pastoral counseling ministry developed in this dissertation is intended to make visible a comprehensive resource to the pastoral counselor for counseling with African American women. The problem of the dissertation is to make visible theological and psychological-ethical resources for the construction of a model of pastoral counseling ministry for counseling some African American women clients. The model

Elizabeth Johnson Walker

2000-01-01

225

The ethical leadership challenge: creating a culture of patient- and family-centered care in the hospital setting.  

PubMed

The growing number of medical errors and resulting preventable deaths in hospitals presents an ethical dilemma that must be addressed by health care leaders and managers. These medical errors and deaths raise questions about safety and quality issues resulting in rising public mistrust and patient dissatisfaction. Many of these medical errors and deaths could have been avoided by including the patient and family in the care. The ethical challenge for leadership is creating a culture of patient- and family-centered care as a means to improve quality, safety, patient satisfaction, and public trust. This article addresses ways to improve safety, quality, patient satisfaction, and cost and thereby reduce medical errors and deaths by implementing a patient- and family-centered care culture. The first critical step for improvement is for hospital leaders and managers to answer the ethical call to create a culture centered on patient- and family-centered care in the hospital setting. PMID:21537133

Piper, Llewellyn E

226

Disclosing the truth to terminal cancer patients: a discussion of ethical and cultural issues.  

PubMed

One of the most difficult ethical dilemmas facing health care professionals working in oncology is whether, when, how and how much to tell terminal cancer patients about their diagnosis and prognosis. The aim of this article is to review the trends in this issue worldwide. While a majority of physicians in both developed and developing countries tell the truth more often today than in the past, the assumption that truth-telling is always beneficial to patients can be questioned. The issue of truth-telling is still approached differently in different countries and cultures and there is a need for an increased awareness of cultural differences to truth-telling among patients from ethnic minorities. PMID:20795432

Kazdaglis, G A; Arnaoutoglou, C; Karypidis, D; Memekidou, G; Spanos, G; Papadopoulos, O

2010-04-01

227

Stylistic dimensions of counseling minorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American experience in minority counseling is an ongoing evolutionary process stemming from the general counseling trend of the past two decades. In the 1960s, the Civil Rights movement gave rise to numerous questions primarily regarding the education and welfare of the then interchangeably called 'disadvantaged', 'underprivileged', and 'culturally deprived' youth of America. The nature and role of counseling in

John Mcfadden

1986-01-01

228

Cultural and Ethical Issues in Working with Culturally Diverse Patients and Their Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

In all aspects of health and mental health care-the emergency room, the outpatient clinic, inpatient facilities, rehab centers, nursing homes, and hospicessocial workers interact with patients from many different cultures. This paper will introduce an assessment tool for health care professionals to advance understanding of culturally diverse patients and their families.

Elaine P. Congress

2005-01-01

229

Ethical aspects of directly observed treatment for tuberculosis: a cross-cultural comparison  

PubMed Central

Background Tuberculosis is a major global public health challenge, and a majority of countries have adopted a version of the global strategy to fight Tuberculosis, Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course (DOTS). Drawing on results from research in Ethiopia and Norway, the aim of this paper is to highlight and discuss ethical aspects of the practice of Directly Observed Treatment (DOT) in a cross-cultural perspective. Discussion Research from Ethiopia and Norway demonstrates that the rigid enforcement of directly observed treatment conflicts with patient autonomy, dignity and integrity. The treatment practices, especially when imposed in its strictest forms, expose those who have Tuberculosis to extra burdens and costs. Socially disadvantaged groups, such as the homeless, those employed as day labourers and those lacking rights as employees, face the highest burdens. Summary From an ethical standpoint, we argue that a rigid practice of directly observed treatment is difficult to justify, and that responsiveness to social determinants of Tuberculosis should become an integral part of the management of Tuberculosis.

2013-01-01

230

Building Cultures of Integrity: The Small Choices Education Leaders Make Can Advance Districtwide Ethics Powerfully and Positively  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today's superintendents must play a critical role in building a district culture of integrity that maximizes students' ethical development. They must provide an educational environment that clearly supports the broadest aims of public education, which must include strong academic preparation. But it also includes providing students with an…

Mirk, Paula

2011-01-01

231

Cultural and ethical positioning: A teacher and his mazahua students reinvent the national curriculum in a Mexican rural school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an ethnographic description of the cultural and ethical positioning adopted by a mestizo teacher in his interactions with Mazahua (indigenous) students. The interaction shows how teacher and students get together in a process of shared reflection or situated learning (Lave & Wenger 2001) about the uses and effects produced by the application of modern technology. They do

Adriana Robles Valle

2010-01-01

232

Building Cultures of Integrity: The Small Choices Education Leaders Make Can Advance Districtwide Ethics Powerfully and Positively  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's superintendents must play a critical role in building a district culture of integrity that maximizes students' ethical development. They must provide an educational environment that clearly supports the broadest aims of public education, which must include strong academic preparation. But it also includes providing students with an…

Mirk, Paula

2011-01-01

233

Right and Wrong and Cultural Diversity: Replication of the 2002 NAS/Zogby Poll on Business Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In April 2002, a NAS/Zogby poll found that only a quarter of sampled students perceived uniform standards of "right and wrong" and that most students felt that ethical behavior depends on cultural diversity. In this effort to replicate those findings in a larger sample of American college students, the authors obtained results that contradict the…

Ludlum, Marty; Mascaloinov, Sergei

2004-01-01

234

Good food, good people: Understanding the cultural repertoire of ethical eating  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical consumption is understood by scholars as a key way that individuals can address social and ecological problems. While a hopeful trend, it raises the question of whether ethical consumption is primarily an elite social practice, especially since niche markets for ethical food products (for example, organics, fair trade) are thought to attract wealthy, educated consumers. Scholars do not fully

Josee Johnston; Michelle Szabo; Alexandra Rodney

2011-01-01

235

Ethical Decision-Making by Educational Leaders: Its Foundations, Culture and More Recent Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The belief that educational leaders need to be ethical decision-makers is recent. Thomas and Bainbridge suggest that an educational leader needs to develop technical competency in ethical leadership. Yet few leaders in schools have been trained in conflict resolution of an ethical nature and little importance has been given to this within existing…

Robbins, Steven; Trabichet, Luc

2009-01-01

236

Differences in Ethical Standards: Factoring in the Cultural Expectation in Public Relations Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focusing on ethics in public relations from a multicultural point of view brings together elements which are critical to international public relations. The Public Relations-Ethics-Multicultural (PREM) model illustrates that articles can be found in the literature on ethics, public relations, and multicultural as individual concepts. The…

Neff, Bonita Dostal

237

A cross-cultural study of the role of religion in consumers' ethical positions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Previous studies have looked at how socio-economic and political factors play a role in consumers' ethical positions, but few have considered the role of religion which is a major driver of ethics. This paper seeks to address this. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – From a survey of over 700 consumers this paper explores the similarities and differences between consumers' ethical positions

Bettina Cornwell; Charles Chi Cui; Vince Mitchell; Bodo Schlegelmilch; Anis Dzulkiflee; Joseph Chan

2005-01-01

238

A cross-cultural comparison of the ethics of business students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ethical tendencies of university business students from the USA, Denmark, and New Zealand were examined by analyzing their reactions to ethical dilemmas presented in a set of ethical problem situations. These dilemmas dealt with coercion and control, conflict of interest, physical environment, paternalism and personal integrity. Findings indicate that students' reactions tended to be similar regardless of their country.

Steven Lysonski; William Gaidis

1991-01-01

239

Improving Intercultural Interactions. Modules for Cross-Cultural Training Programs. Multicultural Aspects of Counseling Series 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains modules for use in cross-cultural training programs. A module differs from a chapter in that it is a collection of materials that guide the reader both on the content of a defined unit of training and the method of delivery of that content. The modules are grouped into four sections, three corresponding to organizations in which…

Brislin, Richard W., Ed.; Yoshida, Tomoko, Ed.

240

Cross-Cultural Perspectives in Counseling: Mental Health Conceptions in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The general societal pattern in Malaysia is reflected by the distinct multi-racial composition of the population, comprised of Malays, Chinese, and Indians. In Malaysia, ethnicity determines the varied differences in the socio-cultural and religious diversity of the population. Organized modern medical services have existed in Malaysia since…

Mohamed, Othman

241

Expanding the Philosophical Base for Ethical Public Relations Practice: Cross-Cultural Case Application of Non-Western Ethical Philosophies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Western philosophical approaches, such as utilitarianism, have informed journalism and public relations practices in the West with little regard for non-Western frameworks. To rectify the ethnocentrism of ethical reasoning prevalent in Western public relations practices, we discuss two non-Western philosophical foundations: the palaver-tree concept from Africa and Confucianism from Asia. By focusing on the philosophical base as the first step

Koji Fuse; Mitchell Land; Jacqueline J. Lambiase

2010-01-01

242

Cultural interpretation services within a multicultural context: an exploration of the problematic and ethical issues facing social service institutions.  

PubMed

This paper explores the challenges for social service agencies which offer cultural interpretation services in their bid to meet the needs of service seekers and recipients from linguistic minorities. The author argues that cultural interpretation is provided by institutions that have done little more than add a service for clients from cultural minorities, while leaving intact their service structures--structures that have historically viewed language and "cultural differences" as problems. This orientation will need to change if these services are to be accessible and equitable for Canadians from linguistic and ethnic minorities. While cultural interpreters remain critical to service delivery, they need to work within institutions where service providers and administrators understand language as a cultural, social, and political instrument through which individuals articulate their identities, realities, and understandings of their cultural contexts and service needs. This paper concludes by identifying some of the ethical dilemmas and questions that attend the needed institutional changes. PMID:10538155

James, C E

1998-01-01

243

Philosophical Legal Ethics and Personal Integrity  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Alice Woolley's survey of contemporary legal ethics (UTLJ 60.4) discusses Daniel Markovits's A Modern Legal Ethics: Adversary Advocacy in a Democratic Age (Princeton University Press, 2008) and my The Counsel of Rogues? A Defence of the Standard Conception of the Lawyer's Role (Ashgate, 2009). Woolley argues that philosophical legal ethics has focused 'too much on the ethical experience of the

Tim Dare

2010-01-01

244

Philosophical Legal Ethics and Personal Integrity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alice Woolley's survey of contemporary legal ethics (UTLJ 60.4) discusses Daniel Markovits's A Modern Legal Ethics: Adversary Advocacy in a Democratic Age (Princeton University Press, 2008) and my The Counsel of Rogues? A Defence of the Standard Conception of the Lawyer's Role (Ashgate, 2009). Woolley argues that philosophical legal ethics has focused 'too much on the ethical experience of the

Tim Dare

2010-01-01

245

Understanding the Depth and Richness of the Cultural Context in Career Counseling through the Cultural Formulation Approach (CFA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors discuss the Cultural Formulation Approach (CFA) proposed by Leong and his colleagues, and the strong and insightful applications of the approach offered by Leong, Arthur, Juntunen, Byars-Winston, and Flores. They think this model has phenomenal possibilities in providing a methodology for counselors to be able to…

Heppner, Mary J.; Fu, Chu-Chun

2010-01-01

246

Translating global recommendations on HIV and infant feeding to the local context: the development of culturally sensitive counselling tools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background This paper describes the process used to develop an integrated set of culturally sensitive, evidence-based counselling tools (job aids) by using qualitative participatory research. The aim of the intervention was to contribute to improving infant feeding counselling services for HIV positive women in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. Methods Formative research using a combination of qualitative methods preceded the development of the intervention and mapped existing practices, perceptions and attitudes towards HIV and infant feeding (HIV/IF) among mothers, counsellors and community members. Intervention Mapping (IM) protocol guided the development of the overall intervention strategy. Theories of behaviour change, a review of the international HIV/IF guidelines and formative research findings contributed to the definition of performance and learning objectives. Key communication messages and colourful graphic illustrations related to infant feeding in the context of HIV were then developed and/or adapted from existing generic materials. Draft materials were field tested with intended audiences and subjected to stakeholder technical review. Results An integrated set of infant feeding counselling tools, referred to as 'job aids', was developed and included brochures on feeding methods that were found to be socially and culturally acceptable, a Question and Answer Guide for counsellors, a counselling card on the risk of transmission of HIV, and an infant feeding toolbox for demonstration. Each brochure describes the steps to ensure safer infant feeding using simple language and images based on local ideas and resources. The brochures are meant to serve as both a reference material during infant feeding counselling in the ongoing prevention of mother to child transmission (pMTCT) of HIV programme and as take home material for the mother. Conclusion The study underscores the importance of formative research and a systematic theory based approach to developing an intervention aimed at improving counselling and changing customary feeding practices. The identification of perceived barriers and facilitators for change contributed to developing the key counselling messages and graphics, reflecting the socio-economic reality, cultural beliefs and norms of mothers and their significant others.

Leshabari, Sebalda C; Koniz-Booher, Peggy; Astr?m, Anne N; de Paoli, Marina M; Moland, Karen M

2006-01-01

247

Crossing Cultures in Marriage: Implications for Counseling African American\\/African Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wealth of literature exists regarding intermarriage between White and ethnic minority couples. Noticeably lacking, however,\\u000a is information considering within-group diversity amongst Black couples. This paper will focus on cultural dynamics that may\\u000a operate with African American and African couples residing in the United States. Through an examination of within-group differences\\u000a and similarities, counselors can be better prepared to assist

Beth A. Durodoye; Angela D. Coker

2008-01-01

248

Enforcing Administrative Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In seeking to maintain high standards of ethical behav ior by public administrators, agencies rely on a wide variety of enforcement mechanisms. These fall into three main categories: (1) codes of ethics, including laws, professional rules, and whistle blower statutes; (2) what might be called ethics police, with specific responsibilities to oversee ethical standards; and (3) cultural strate gies, efforts

Mark W. Huddleston; Joseph C. Sands

1995-01-01

249

Effective Counseling with American Indian Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Counseling has always been a part of American Indian culture. Only recently has the European American counseling establishment recognized the role of culture in counseling. Developing a historical understanding of American Indians is important to working with American Indian students. It is also important for school counselors to recognize the…

Wetsit, Deborah

250

The Career Counseling with Underserved Populations Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Providing effective career counseling to culturally diverse individuals is not the same as helping those from majority cultures. The Career Counseling With Underserved Populations model aids career counselors in supporting underserved populations as they strive to address their important career counseling issues.|

Pope, Mark

2011-01-01

251

Counseling Psychology in the Justice System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of pscyhological counseling for offenders. The 12 articles of this special issue deal with counseling before trial, in prison, and after release and also crisis intervention for police officers. Other topics include the juvenile justice system, juvenile diversion, ethics, and the economics of service delivery. (JAC)

Binder, Arnold; Binder, Virginia L.

1983-01-01

252

Multicultural Counseling: Lloyd's Reply.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author states his previous article stressed his perception of an increasing tendency to place generalized cultural information in an excessively dominant role in counseling. Respondent Ivey affirmed the need for the dominant role; Hood and Arcenaux, Lloyd felt, were simplistic in interpreting multicultural information as cultural truths; and…

Lloyd, Arthur P.

1987-01-01

253

A Unified Code of Ethics for Rehabilitation Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes importance of a unified code of ethics to the evolution of professional rehabilitation counseling. Traces guiding principles and processes involved in the drafting of the code of ethics jointly endorsed by the American Rehabilitation Counseling Association, the National Rehabilitation Counseling Association, and the Commission on…

Tarvydas, Vilia M.; Pape, Deborah A.

1988-01-01

254

School Counseling Programs as Spiritual and Religious Safe Zones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a model for creating spiritual and religious safe zones in school counseling programs that implements the Association for Spiritual, Ethical and Religious Values in Counseling's (ASERVIC; 2009) "Competencies for Addressing Spiritual and Religious Issues in Counseling" in a school setting. The authors frame the model within the…

Stloukal, Merit E.; Wickman, Scott A.

2011-01-01

255

Sex roles and sexual attitudes of young Iranian women: implications for cross-cultural counseling.  

PubMed

Previous studies have found that young Iranian women in the US feel conflicted between their cultural traditions and adoption of American values. The present study investigated the hypothesis that the educational level of young Iranian women is strongly related to their attitudes regarding sex roles and intimate relationships. Study subjects included 81 Iranian women (mean age, 23 years) residing in Los Angeles, California, who had been away from Iran for an average of 8 years. The mean summed scores on questionnaire items measuring attitudes about these issues were 233.57, 264.79, 290.58, and 295.57 (with higher scores indicating more liberal views) for women attending or with a high school education, attending college, with a college degree, and in graduate programs or with a graduate degree, respectively, confirming the hypothesis. Also noted were a significant negative relationship between the women's age when they left Iran and test scores and a significant positive relationship between the number of years the women had been away from Iran and test scores. A similar liberalization in sex role-related attitudes following exposure to less traditional US norms has been observed among young Puerto Rican immigrants to the US. Counselors who work with young Iranian women in the US should be alerted to potential conflicts regarding the adoption or rejection of the American way of life. PMID:12291743

Hanassab, S; Tidwell, R

1996-01-01

256

Practical, Ethical, and Legal Considerations regarding Videocounseling in College and University Counseling Centers: A Response to Quarto's "Influencing College Students' Perceptions of Videocounseling"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are numerous factors and concerns to take into consideration when implementing new technology into a counseling center's practice. These factors--informed consent, confidentiality, record-keeping, licensure, technical issues, eligibility, emergencies, and staff perceptions--are legitimate and must be addressed and resolved before…

Menzano, Silvestro; Goodwin, Alan; Rockett, Geraldine; Morris, Kathy

2011-01-01

257

An Empirical Investigation of Cultural Differences in Ethical Decisionmaking among U.S. Accounting Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comparison of responses of 119 Asian, 51 Caucasian, and 32 Hispanic accounting students to ethical vignettes showed significant differences in the ethical judgments and intentions of Asian and Caucasian students. Hispanic and Caucasian students did not differ significantly. There were some gender differences. (SK)|

Shafer, William E.; Park, L. Jane

1999-01-01

258

How to build an appropriate information ethics code for enterprises in Chinese cultural society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information ethics codes play a vital role in clarifying the responsibilities of MIS (management information systems) professionals and providing them with a point of reference when dealing with ethical issues. In view of the important 21st Century role played by China, particularly Mainland China, which represents a hugely significant market to all global enterprises, it is hoped that this study

Christina Ling-hsing Chang

259

Genetic counselling as care of the self.  

PubMed

Genetic counselling has frequently been described as a disciplinary practice, with the goal of 'risk reduction'. In this article another dimension to genetic counselling is considered through the Foucauldian theorization on the care of the self. Drawing on narrative analysis, I examine how one informant undergoing genetic counselling interprets the technique of imagining alternative futures learned through counselling, and transforms it into an ethical practice of self-care. The findings suggest that what may begin as a medical issue with implications for one's health, becomes a meditation over one's disposition towards life, in a way that is consonant with one's desires and values. PMID:20603308

Leontini, Rose

2010-07-01

260

Finding a Place for the Ethical in the Cultural and Economic Milieu of Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

I am often asked, “What is the future of business ethics?” “Is it simply a fad or does it have staying power?” I think there\\u000a is no question that business ethics is not a fad. It is an issue for business throughout the world and business people throughout\\u000a the world are discussing it. And academics throughout the world are busy

NORMAN E. BOWIE

261

Google in China: A Manager-Friendly Heuristic Model for Resolving Cross-Cultural Ethical Conflicts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management practitioners and scholars have worked diligently to identify methods for ethical decision making in international\\u000a contexts. Theoretical frameworks such as Integrative Social Contracts Theory (Donaldson and Dunfee, 1994, Academy of Management Review \\u000a 19, 252–284) and more recently the Global Business Citizenship Approach [Wood et al., 2006, Global Business Citizenship: A Transformative Framework for Ethics and Sustainable Capitalism. (M. E. Sharpe,

J. Brooke Hamilton; Stephen B. Knouse; Vanessa Hill

2009-01-01

262

Counselors' Perceptions of Ethical Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A random sample of American Counseling Association members was asked to respond to a 77-item survey of counselor behaviors and identify whether each behavior was ethical or unethical. Results are categorized by behaviors in which 90% of counselors agreed, 75% to 90% agreed, and 25% to 50% disagreed. Also, changes in ethics education were reviewed…

Neukrug, Edward S.; Milliken, Tammi

2011-01-01

263

Multicultural Issues in Counseling: New Approaches to Diversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written to provide counseling and human development professionals with specific guidelines for becoming more culturally responsive. It looks at the evolution of multicultural counseling, addresses ideas and concepts for culturally responsive counseling interventions, and examines the implications of cultural diversity for future…

Lee, Courtland C., Ed.; Richardson, Bernard L., Ed.

264

Multicultural Issues in Counseling: New Approaches to Diversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book was written to provide counseling and human development professionals with specific guidelines for becoming more culturally responsive. It looks at the evolution of multicultural counseling, addresses ideas and concepts for culturally responsive counseling interventions, and examines the implications of cultural diversity for future…

Lee, Courtland C., Ed.; Richardson, Bernard L., Ed.

265

[Toward a practical ethic].  

PubMed

The relationship between ethics and philosophy and jurisdiction is described; different kinds of ethics are presented. The increasing pressure of liberal points of view has boosted the ethics of utility. The ethics of care oppose a too rational utilitarianism, taking into consideration relationships such as the caregiver-patient relationship. In the multicultural society ethics of care and virtue ethics are being criticised for not giving universal answers to ethical dilemmas. Can one still define "doing good"? Is "doing good" so culturally biased that it no longer provides the basis for ethical conduct? An accurate procedural assessment of values, sometimes interpreted quite differently in different cultures, could be a tool to judge values in a less relativistic way. PMID:18506970

Vanbelle, Guido

2007-01-01

266

Health and Cultural Determinants of Voluntary HIV Testing and Counseling Among Middle-Aged and Older Latina Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rate of cases of HIV\\/AIDS in older people is increasing; indeed one out of every four people with HIV\\/AIDS is over age 50. This study describes the correlates of HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) using structural equation modeling techniques for a sample of 135 middle-aged and middle-aged and older Latinas in South Florida. Over 60% of participants had

Shelley L. Craig; Richard L. Beaulaurier; Frederick L. Newman; Mario De La Rosa; David J. Brennan

2012-01-01

267

Ethical Considerations in Maintaining Confidentiality with Dangerous Clients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses ethical considerations involved in breach of confidentiality in counseling dangerous clients, i.e., those who have the potential to inflict bodily harm on others. The ethical basis for confidentiality is presented in a model for decision making in ethical dilemmas which encompasses three evaluative levels or tiers: ethical

Yost, J. Kelley

268

Counseling adolescents.  

PubMed

Skills for counseling adolescents are acquired over a period of time by all practitioners of adolescent health. Though the principles of counseling remain the same the process of counseling an adolescent differs considerably from that of a child or an adult. Adolescents are in their transition between childhood and adulthood with physical, emotional and social challenges to face. The maturity level of each adolescent differs and that decides the pace and contents of each session. The counselor sets the context in a non judgmental manner so that the adolescent feels the ease and eagerness to self disclose. Privacy and confidentiality are two key issues that have to be taken care of during counseling. PMID:23888379

Yamuna, Srinivasan

2013-07-26

269

Ethical Standards for Transnational Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS): Do No Harm, Preventing Cross-Cultural Errors and Inviting Pushback  

Microsoft Academic Search

Important components of bioethics are routinely underappreciated in cross-cultural and transnational mental health and psychosocial\\u000a support (MHPSS) efforts. This article provides case examples of cultural errors and\\/or harm by outsiders delivering MHPSS\\u000a on different continents. The errors illustrate violations of informed consent (principle of autonomy) and avoiding harm (nonmaleficence).\\u000a Ethical cultural adaptation standards are presented in order to avert such

Siddharth Ashvin Shah

270

The Role of Race, Culture, and National Origin in Adoption. Adoption and Ethics, Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The controversies in adoption have extended across a spectrum of policy and practice issues, and although the issues have become clear, resolution has not been achieved nor has consensus developed regarding a framework on which to improve the quality of adoption policy and practice. This book is the first in a series to use an ethics-based…

Freundlich, Madelyn

271

Clash of Cultures: The Effects of Hypercompetition on Journalistic Ethics and Professional Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This study examines,how the decline in financial stability caused by the massive disruption of media markets is affecting news quality and journalism ethics. The project uses theories from economics, management, and organizational sociology and data drawn from in-depth interviews with media executives from four continents and a longitudinal study of journalism education and hiring to explore these questions.

C. Ann Hollifield; Lee B. Becker

2009-01-01

272

Using Scripture in Counselling Evangelicals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines how the Bible can be used beneficially and ethically as a resource in counseling evangelicals. For evangelicals the Bible is their “primary text”—an unequalled source of authority and comfort. Evangelicals begin with the selfattestation of scripture to its own reliability and usefulness (e.g. 2 Tim. 3:16–17). When the scriptures are used in a responsible way using sound

A. Tim Span

2009-01-01

273

Health and cultural determinants of voluntary HIV testing and counseling among middle-aged and older Latina women.  

PubMed

The rate of cases of HIV/AIDS in older people is increasing; indeed one out of every four people with HIV/AIDS is over age 50. This study describes the correlates of HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) using structural equation modeling techniques for a sample of 135 middle-aged and middle-aged and older Latinas in South Florida. Over 60% of participants had been tested for HIV. Provider endorsement was found to be the strongest predictor of VCT (odds ratio [OR] = 6. 38), followed by having a clinic as a regular source of healthcare (OR = 3.88). Social work implications are provided. PMID:22486474

Craig, Shelley L; Beaulaurier, Richard L; Newman, Frederick L; De La Rosa, Mario; Brennan, David J

2012-01-01

274

Teaching ethics in religious or cultural conflict situations: a personal perspective.  

PubMed

This article portrays the unique aspects of ethics education in a multicultural, multireligious and conflict-based atmosphere among Jewish and Arab nursing students in Jerusalem, Israel. It discusses the principles and the methods used for rising above this tension and dealing with this complicated situation, based on Yoder's ;bridging' method. An example is used of Jewish and Arab students together implementing two projects in 2008, when the faculty decided to co-operate with communities in East Jerusalem, the Arab side of the city. The students took it upon themselves to chaperon the teachers who came to watch them at work, translate, and facilitate interaction with a guarded and suspicious community. This approach could also be relevant to less extreme conditions in any inter-religious environment when trying to produce graduates with a strong ethical awareness. PMID:19528100

Benari, Gili

2009-07-01

275

Genetic counseling throughout the life cycle  

PubMed Central

As the definition of genetic counseling continues to evolve , so does the application of genetic counseling services in all areas of medicine and throughout the human life cycle. While governmental policy, economics, ethics, and religion continue to influence society’s views regarding the necessity of testing germ cells for mutations to prevent the birth of an affected child or predicting whether healthy adults will develop future life-threatening illness, patient autonomy in the choice of whether to know, or not know, one’s genetic make-up remains a core principle of genetic counseling.

Ciarleglio, Leslie J.; Bennett, Robin L.; Williamson, Jennifer; Mandell, Jessica B.; Marks, Joan H.

2003-01-01

276

Preconception counseling.  

PubMed

The preconception counseling visit is an ideal time to evaluate the patient and her future expectations regarding pregnancy. In fact at every patient encounter, whether for acute or chronic care, consideration should be given to any woman who, although not pregnant, may become pregnant, and what effect each ordered procedure, laboratory examination, or medication prescription might have on her or her fetus. If the primary reason for the office visit is preconception counseling there are a few specific components that should be discussed besides a complete history and physical examination. PMID:22309578

Lanik, Aaron D

2011-12-02

277

Challenges of Cultural and Racial Diversity to Counseling: Volume 1. Great Britain and the United States. London Conference Proceedings (June 25-29, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the proceedings of the first international conference sponsored by the American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) and the British Association for Counselling (BAC). The document contains a foreword by Robert Nejedlo; a preface by Edwin Herr and John McFadden; an overview of the language of counseling in the…

Herr, Edwin L., Ed.; McFadden, John, Ed.

278

Asian Shades of Spirituality: Implications for Multicultural School Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the current practice of school counseling, little consideration is given to the spiritual background of students of Asian cultures. Although there is a body of literature on Asian culture in counseling, the authors could find remarkably few articles pertaining to counseling students in the context of Asian religious and spiritual traditions.…

Hanna, Fred J.; Green, Alan

2004-01-01

279

CULTURAL CHALLENGES FOR VIOLENCE PREVENTION: WORKING TOWARDS AN ETHICAL PRACTICE OF SUSTAINABLE INTERVENTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

As culture frames our beliefs and values, our ways of thinking and behaviour, considerations of culture are central to understandings of violent behaviour and the development of successful, sustainable forms of prevention. 1 In Australia, existing postcolonial and multicultural social relations necessitate that those working in the field of preventing violence against women recognise cultural differences in the ways that

Rochelle Braaf

280

77 FR 13490 - Rules of Organization; Conduct and Ethics; and Information and Requests  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...202-551-7938, Office of the Ethics Counsel, Securities...to the Office of the Ethics Counsel rather than the...status under the Small Business Regulatory Fairness Act...subject to the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement...ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION...

2012-03-07

281

When Sociopolitical Events Strike Cultural Beliefs: Divergent Impact of Hurricane Katrina on African Americans' and European Americans' Endorsement of the Protestant Work Ethic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can a single, powerful sociopolitical event (government's response to Hurricane Katrina) produce changes in prevalent cultural beliefs such as the Protestant work ethic (PWE)? In a cross-sectional study conducted before, immediately after, and 5 months after Katrina (Study 1: Part a), in a longitudinal study tracking participants immediately after Katrina and 3 months later (Study 1: Part b), and in

Sheri R. Levy; Antonio L. Freitas; Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton; Heather Kugelmass; Lisa Rosenthal

2010-01-01

282

The Relationship of Organizational Corruption with Organizational Culture, Attitude towards Work and Work Ethics: A Search on Turkish High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to analyse organizational corruption and to determine its level of relation to attitude towards work, work ethics and organizational culture. The data in study have been collected from 441 public high school teachers employed in the central districts of Ankara in the school year of 2008-2009. Data have been collected…

Balci, Ali; Ozdemir, Murat; Apaydin, Cigdem; Ozen, Fatmanur

2012-01-01

283

Ethnography in Counseling Psychology Research: Possibilities for Application  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emphasis placed on prolonged engagement, fieldwork, and participant observation has prevented wide-scale use of ethnography in counseling psychology. This article provides a discussion of ethnography in terms of definition, process, and potential ethical dilemmas. The authors propose that ethnographically informed methods can enhance counseling psychology research conducted with multicultural communities and provide better avenues toward a contextual understanding of

Lisa A. Suzuki; Muninder K. Ahluwalia; Jacqueline S. Mattis; Cherubim A. Quizon

2005-01-01

284

College and University Counseling Centers: Questions in Search of Answers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College and university counseling centers are being influenced by changing populations of students and the concerns of a variety of constituencies and stakeholders about mental health issues. Although counseling centers can be important institutional resources in matters of recruitment, retention, and risk management, new legal and ethical issues…

Bishop, John B.

2006-01-01

285

Approaches to HIV counselling in a Zambian rural community.  

PubMed

The counselling experience at Chikankata hospital for the first year of the AIDS care and prevention programme is described. People in the counselling team are selected according to specific criteria. Counselling is conducted in integrated AIDS management context, at the individual family and community levels. Counselling emphases differ according to the clinical expression of the disease. Some cultural issues require specific counselling approaches, such as ritual cleansing, and dealing with seropositive women of childbearing age. Counselling is integral to comprehensive AIDS management which is inclusive of the disciplines of clinical care, education, counselling, pastoral care and administration. PMID:2083266

Chaava, T

1990-01-01

286

Outplacement Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monographs discusses outplacement counseling (the process of helping a terminated employee secure new employment) in business and industry and in higher education. The first section, outplacement in business and industry, describes the emergence of outplacement services and discusses benefits and problems associated with the service. The…

Knowdell, Richard L.; And Others

287

[Genetic counselling].  

PubMed

'Genetic counselling is the process by which patients or relatives at risk of a disorder that may be hereditary are advised of the consequences of the disorder, the probability of developing and transmitting it and of the ways in which this may be prevented or ameliorated.' The genetic counsellor will discuss the genetic basis and medical facts and also possible personal, familial, social and insurance implications of the respective disorder with the consultand. Further diagnostic investigations, such as genetic tests, may be helpful or necessary for risk predictions or may be required to reach a firm diagnosis. In asymptomatic individuals at risk for a late-onset genetic disorder genetic counselling is obligatory for predictive genetic testing. Genetic counselling also should be offered to symptomatic patients before a diagnostic test is performed. Thereby the patients might become aware in time about the personal, familial and social consequences of the test result that may exceed that of their actual illness. Due to medical confidentiality the geneticist is not allowed to contact other family members and to inform them about a familial disorder and warn them about their own genetic risk. This is the concern of the consultand. Various aspects make up genetic counselling as a specific process which concerns genetic diagnosis, risk estimation and accurate information on medical and genetic facts, but also has a supportive role ensuring that consultands may benefit from given advice and possible preventive measures. PMID:16035385

Rehder, Helga

2005-06-01

288

Publishing ethics in paediatric research: a cross-cultural comparative review.  

PubMed

The present article aims to scrutinize publishing ethics in the fields of paediatrics and paediatric nursing. Full-text readings of all original research articles in paediatrics from a high-income economy, i.e. Sweden, and from all low-income economies in Sub-Saharan Africa, were reviewed as they were indexed and stored in Web of Science for the search period from 1 January 2007 to 7 October 2009. The application of quantitative and qualitative content analysis revealed a marked discrepancy in publishing frequencies between the two contrasting economies. Authors from 16 low-income economies in Sub-Saharan Africa, with at least one article stored, were obviously closely linked to co-authorships and foreign funding sources, predominantly from Europe and the USA. Statements concerning conflicts of interest were frequently missing (both regions), even when multiple financial sources, including companies, were involved. It is necessary to be aware of possible systematic bias when using electronic databases to search for certain topics and regions. Further research regarding publishing ethics in paediatrics and paediatric nursing is emphasized. PMID:22457386

Brännström, Inger

2012-03-01

289

THE ETHICS IN MULTICULTURAL MARKET WITH FOCUS ON CROSS-CULTURE INTERNET ADVERTISING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose-Cross-cultural differences play a vital role in Internet advertising. Keeping this in mind, the present study was undertaken with the objective of giving a conceptual idea of cross-cultural differences and Internet advertising. Design\\/methodology- This was achieved by analyzing the Study conducted by Hofstede and Internet advertising obtained from various secondary data. The key areas of cross cultural differences and Internet

Manisha Dubey; Nidhi Khare

290

School Counseling in South Korea: Historical Development, Current Status, and Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

School counseling in South Korea faces new challenges in implementation. Despite a rapid increase in the number of school counselors, a generally agreed consensus on training, ethical standards, role identity, counseling model, and structures for school counselors has not been reached. This article reviews a brief history of school counseling in South Korea and describes its current status. Discussions of

Sang Min Lee; Eunjoo Yang

2008-01-01

291

Culturally Informed Ethical Decision-Making in Situations of Suspected Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informs counselors about important factors to consider in determining whether to classify culturally sanctioned practices as helpful or harmful to children. Also outlines the types of information and documentation that would be required to justify the challenge of a practice viewed to be culturally acceptable among members of a specific group…

Merali, Noorfarah

2002-01-01

292

Business Students' Perception of Ethics and Moral Judgment: A Cross-Cultural Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business relations rely on shared perceptions of what is acceptable\\/expected norms of behavior. Immense expansion in transnational business made rudimentary consensus on acceptable business practices across cultural boundaries particularly important. Nonetheless, as more and more nations with different cultural and historical experiences interact in the global economy, the potential for misunderstandings based on different expectations is magnified. Such misunderstandings emerge

Mohamed M. Ahmed; Kun Young Chung; John W. Eichenseher

2003-01-01

293

Directions in Substance Abuse Counseling, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume of six lessons provides expert information on a variety of issues in substance abuse counseling. The lessons, which may be applied toward continuing education credits, are: (1) "Ethics in Substance Abuse Rehabilitation" (Robert L. Hewes); (2) "Addressing the Needs of Clients with Traumatic Injury and Alcoholism" (Charles H.…

Cohen, Adam W., Ed.

2000-01-01

294

Religious Counseling at Public Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A questionnaire was mailed to 802 Deans of Students in public two-year colleges during January 1977 in order to determine the extent to which religious counseling--that service dealing with a person's spiritual, moral, or ethical development--was available in community colleges. Of those surveyed, 68% responded. Results of the survey showed: (1)…

Nichols, Don; And Others

295

Institutional Review Boards and Professional Counseling Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional review boards (IRBs) are responsible for regulating and safeguarding research with human participants in academic institutions in the United States. The authors explore (a) the historical impetus for IRBs, (b) the ethical values and principles as core components of the review process, and (c) the American Counseling Association's…

Robinson, Edward H., III; Curry, Jennifer R.

2008-01-01

296

Reproductive Counselling  

PubMed Central

In 1977 a reproductive clinic was started in the Department of Obstetrics, University of British Columbia. This is an account of the 191 couples who attended, with problems related to recurrent abortion, perinatal loss, an abnormality in a live child, family history of an anomaly or exposure of the embryo or fetus to a possible teratogen during early pregnancy. During the counselling session, the possible causes of the pregnancy loss were discussed. The risk of a recurrence of the event was assessed. Ultrasound monitoring and amniocentesis were offered in a subsequent pregnancy where appropriate. We found that following the reproductive counselling session couples developed a much more realistic attitude towards the subsequent pregnancy and their anxiety was considerably lessened.

Poland, Betty J.; Calam, Betty

1980-01-01

297

[Pediatric neurological disorders and genetic counseling].  

PubMed

Genetic counseling provides medical and genetic information of the disease including its natural history, recurrence risk, availability and usefulness of genetic testing, as well as psycho-social support. In the field of pediatric neurology, the majority of genetic counseling seems to be a simple risk estimation of the next child and unrelated to ethical issues. However, in some cases requiring prenatal diagnosis or presymptomatic testing, we have to address serious ethical issues. Genetic counseling should be provided by an educated medical doctor at a suitable genetics clinic. In Japan, we have "Japanese Board of Medical Genetics, Clinical Geneticist" as an education system of clinical genetics for medical doctors. Pediatric neurologists should know the special issues of genetic information and contact with clinical geneticists in selected cases. PMID:12875203

Fukushima, Yoshimitsu

2003-07-01

298

Assessing the ethical weight of cultural, religious and spiritual claims in the clinical context  

PubMed Central

The aim of this paper is to expand upon the conclusions reached by Orr and Genesen in their 1997 article (published in this journal), Requests for ‘inappropriate' treatment based on religious beliefs.1 Assuming, with Orr and Genesen, that claims made in the name of religion are not absolute, I will propose some principles for determining when claims based on religious beliefs or cultural sensibilities "trump" other considerations and when they do not. Key Words: Cultural, religious, and spiritual claims for treatment • idiosyncratic cultural or religious views • recognition of existential reality

Buryska, J.

2001-01-01

299

Counseling Center Hiring Preferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored counseling center change by examining current hiring preferences of counseling center directors. In the first study, 130 counseling center directors rated a clinical or counseling vita for agency fit, likelihood of being licensed, and general competence. In the second study, position advertisements were classified as clinical, counseling,…

Corazzini, John G.; And Others

1986-01-01

300

The Journal of College Admission Ethics Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is the first significant body of literature on ethics in college admission published by the National Association for College Admission Counseling. The series is a select compilation of articles on ethics published in the Journal of College Admission in 1998 and 1999. The book is a source of information for the beginning and experienced…

Loveland, Elaina C., Ed.; Raynor, Joyce, Ed.

301

Ethical Considerations of Social Networking for Counsellors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of online social networking websites has increased among Canadians in recent years. There are many professional and ethical implications for counsellors who use these sites (Boyd, 2007). Although they offer advantages to counsellors, their use can also raise issues around ethical conduct. Because the counselling literature has not yet…

Bratt, William Edgar Vernon

2010-01-01

302

Counseling Muslim Children in School Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes basic issues regarding the education and counseling of Muslims. Several issues emerged for concern including home/school relations, family values, peer relations and dating, and curriculum problems. Reviews ability of school counselors to distinguish between culturally appropriate and inappropriate counseling practices in attempt to…

Carter, Richard B.; El Hindi, Amelia E.

1999-01-01

303

Ethics Education in CACREP-Accredited Counselor Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors present the results of a survey investigating ethics education practices in counselor education programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs and counselor educators' beliefs regarding ethics education. Survey responses describe current curricular approaches to ethics education,…

Urofsky, Robert; Sowa, Claudia

2004-01-01

304

Publishing Ethical Research: A Step-by-Step Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To publish ethical research, one must conduct research responsibly, making ethical choices from the inception of the research idea and throughout the research process. Conducting and publishing ethical research is important because of the impact the results will have on the counseling profession. Steps to consider are discussed.|

Wester, Kelly L.

2011-01-01

305

76 FR 42461 - Consolidated Delegation of Authority to the General Counsel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Counsel for Enforcement and Fair Housing, the Director...the Designated Agency Ethics Official. The Secretary...Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official to act in the...HUD's Designated Agency Ethics Official; 5 CFR 7501...statutes, including the Fair Housing Act, 42...

2011-07-18

306

Living Together with Differences: Quebec's New Ethics and Religious Culture Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nowadays it is generally agreed that education plays a vital role in learning to live together through the progressive discovery of others, their culture and spirituality, and through involvement in common projects. The renewed curriculum in Quebec follows this general tendency, since such learning is at the very heart of the aims targeted by the…

Bouchard, Nancy

2009-01-01

307

Ethics, Identity and Culture: Some Implications of the Moral Philosophy of Iris Murdoch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the work of Iris Murdoch, a moral philosopher who maintains that the work of moral education is the recognition of the phenomenology of inner moral experience and the struggle to express it. Shows how important this view of the inner meaning of moral experience, often expressed as metaphor, is to identity, culture, and education.…

Weldhen, Margaret

1986-01-01

308

Ethics and International Curriculum Work: The Challenges of Culture and Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The widely cited, though highly contested, idea that "the world is flat" (Friedman, 2004) carries with it a call for education to provide a leveling effect across continents and cultures Students in Skokie or in Skopje, as the theory goes, are expected to experience a school curriculum that shares certain common elements, goals, and purposes.…

Mason, Terrence C., Ed.; Helfenbein, Robert J., Ed.

2012-01-01

309

An Ethics Primer: Ethical Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a PDF that provides a short introduction to ethical questions and strategies having to do with Ethics instruction. The PDF describes an overview of ethical questions and develops student understanding of ethical questions through three different worksheets.

2008-01-01

310

Which Ethics Will Make us Individually and Socially Happier? A Cross-Culture and Cross-Development Analytical Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an analytical model representing four polar ethical approaches drawn from the main ethical positions suggested\\u000a by the philosophical, psychological, and socio-economic literature. Moreover, it develops the model in order to obtain rankings\\u000a of the four approaches in terms of happiness and, consequently, to provide insights into which ethical approach should best\\u000a be adopted by each individual, according

Fabio Zagonari

2011-01-01

311

Multicultural Counseling as the "Fourth Force": A Call to Arms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the field of multicultural counseling as a new model in counseling theory and suggests that, although there has been a heightened awareness in multicultural counseling theory, recognition of the cultural and political context of human development has been slow. Argues that the progress made has only been in theory and research, not…

Essandoh, Pius K.

1996-01-01

312

Counseling Taiwan Chinese in America: Training Issues for Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines cultural influences (such as Confucianism, family, and immigration) on Taiwan Chinese in America who seek counseling. Addresses typical counseling struggles, effective counseling strategies and theoretical approaches, and training implications. Uses a case study to elaborate on the above themes. (RJM)|

Miller, Geri; Yang, Julia; Chen, M.

1997-01-01

313

The Ethical Self-Fashioning of Physicians and Health Care Systems in Culturally Appropriate Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diverse advocacy groups have pushed for the recognition of cultural differences in health care as a means to redress inequalities\\u000a in the U.S., elaborating a form of biocitizenship that draws on evidence of racial and ethnic health disparities to make claims\\u000a on both the state and health care providers. These efforts led to federal regulations developed by the U.S. Office

Susan J. Shaw; Julie Armin

2011-01-01

314

[Socio-cultural and ethical factors involved in the diagnosis of schistosomiasis mansoni in an area of low endemicity].  

PubMed

Five annual parasitological surveys and one serological survey, respectively based on the Kato-Katz and free sedimentation methods and the Western blot technique, were conducted in Sumidouro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, an endemic county for schistosomiasis. Possible influences of the use of these methodologies on social, cultural, and ethical aspects of the study population were also evaluated. Having the opportunity to choose the different techniques was a conclusive issue influencing participation by the population. Prevalence rates of positive results for stool tests were: 11.6% (1995); 8.8% (1996); 12.2% (1998); 5.9% (1999); and 3.2% (2000). In the period during which the serological survey was performed, the use of laboratory testing in association with analysis of clinical data and available data on transmission and treatment generated a diagnostic procedure termed "coproseroepidemiology". This methodology contributed to significant improvements in the accuracy of measurement of local schistosomiasis prevalence, indicating that epidemiological surveillance could help prevent the recurrence of high prevalence rates. The fact that Biomphalaria glabrata was replaced by Melanoides tuberculata in the main transmission focus contributed to a significant decrease in infection rates. PMID:15692642

Gonçalves, Margareth Maria Lessa; Barreto, Magali Muniz Gonçalves; Maldonado, Arnaldo; Maione, Vanessa Regal; Rey, Luís; Soares, Marisa da Silveira

2005-01-28

315

Issues in Counseling Bereaved Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses the impact of a loss experience within the family unit. Discusses how the loss affects the nuclear family and how socio-cultural and psychodynamic factors impact family grief. Issues in family counseling are then highlighted with suggestions for the grief counselor. (ML)

Westcott, Nina A.

1985-01-01

316

Teaching ethics in accounting: a discussion of cross-cultural factors with a focus on Confucian and Western philosophy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been pressure from various business and professional accounting bodies to place greater emphasis on ethics education. This has been reflected in academic research and curriculum development. The purpose of this paper is to expand the debate on accounting ethics education to take into account the globalization of business, accounting and educational services and to draw attention to the

Erwin Waldmann

2000-01-01

317

Journalism ethics and the emerging new media culture of radio talk shows and public debates (Ekimeeza) in Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article examines the rationale for journalism ethics and discusses challenges in professionalizing journalism, with particular reference to conditions in the developing countries. The article explores how an effective media regulatory body can be constituted to serve the interests of the various stakeholders.Looking at Uganda's ethical code, the major interest from the public has been on the provisions restricting media

Linda Goretti Nassanga

2008-01-01

318

The Impact of Perception of Performance Appraisal and Distributive Justice Fairness on Employees' Ethical Decision Making in Paternalist Organizational Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ethics in decision making has been an issue for academics, practitioners, and governmental regulators for decades. In the last decade, numerous scandals and consequently many corporate crises in the global business world have added credence to the criticisms of business ethics. Therefore, it is vital to understand the factors affecting employees'…

Goksoy, Asli; Alayoglu, Nihat

2013-01-01

319

Death Competence: An Ethical Imperative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors argued that death competence, defined as specialized skill in tolerating and managing clients' problems related to dying, death, and bereavement, is a necessary prerequisite for ethical practice in grief counseling. A selected review of the literature tracing the underpinnings of this concept reveals how a robust construct of death…

Gamino, Louis A.; Ritter, R. Hal, Jr.

2012-01-01

320

Death Competence: An Ethical Imperative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors argued that death competence, defined as specialized skill in tolerating and managing clients' problems related to dying, death, and bereavement, is a necessary prerequisite for ethical practice in grief counseling. A selected review of the literature tracing the underpinnings of this concept reveals how a robust construct of death…

Gamino, Louis A.; Ritter, R. Hal, Jr.

2012-01-01

321

Approaches to Ethics in International Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies major issues in international business ethics (such as cultural relativism and ethical imperialism) that should be addressed when incorporating ethics in international business education. Also discusses instructional approaches, including alternative ways of thinking about morality, philosophy versus practice, the ethical agent, and…

Iyer, Gopalkrishnan R.

1999-01-01

322

Cultural and Ethical Issues in Working with Culturally Diverse Patients and Their Families: The Use of the Culturagram to Promote Cultural Competent Practice in Health Care Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY. In all aspects of health and mental health care-the emer- gency room, the outpatient clinic, inpatient facilities, rehab centers, nursing homes, and hospices-social workers interact with patients from many different cultures. This paper will introduce an assessment tool for health care professionals to advance understanding of culturally diverse patients and their families. (Article copies available for a fee from

Elaine P. Congress

323

Ethical Challenges in a Complex World: Highlights of the 2005 ACA Code of Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being an effective counselor includes having knowledge of and the ability to integrate a code of ethics into one's professional practice. This article addresses some of the highlights of the changes in the 2005 ACA [American Counseling Association] Code of Ethics such as end-of-life issues, boundaries and relationships, and multicultural and…

Kocet, Michael M.

2006-01-01

324

LGBTQ Responsive School Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comprehensive, developmental school counseling is associated with positive outcomes. Despite this, research has indicated that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) students may still remain invisible and underserved in schools. The authors propose LGBTQ Responsive School Counseling for school counselors to address this potential gap. Examples of LGBTQ responsive school counseling curriculum, student planning, counseling, and systems support activities

Kristopher M. Goodrich; Melissa Luke

2009-01-01

325

Genetic education and counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special issue of Patient Education and Counseling on genetic education and counseling provides an overview of studies and findings in this field. It features a mixture of papers dealing with five different topics related to several psychosocial aspects of genetic education and counseling. Attention is paid to new issues in counseling for hereditary cancer and Huntington Disease. Articles are

Adriaan Visser; Eveline Bleiker

1997-01-01

326

An anthropological perspective on multicultural counselling  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a more culturally sensitive framework based on anthropology to conceptualize diverse groups. We contend anthropology has much to offer counselling when theorizing about multicultural models of behaviour and potential strategies for prevention, psychoeducation, intervention, social action, and research. Anthropological concepts like thick description, semiotic constructs of culture, and ethnographic depictions of culture are introduced. We also describe how

Lawrence H. Gerstein; Clare Rountree; Alicia Ordonez

2007-01-01

327

Genetic counseling issues in Latinos.  

PubMed

Close to 12% (33 million) of the U.S. population is of Latino ethnocultural background, and it is estimated by the year 2005 they will become the largest ethnic minority. This article describes the demographic, social, economic, and cultural characteristics of the Latino population in the United States. Main health problems of Latinos and barriers to access to equitable health care are described. Health beliefs of relevance in the provision of health care in general, and of genetic counseling in particular, are reviewed. Some key nuances of genetic counseling to Latinos are discussed, such as the problems of language and other pitfalls in communication, the role of nondirectiveness in Latino culture, the medicalization of pregnancy, the language of prospective risks, and the meaning of disability. To provide culturally appropriate genetic counseling to Latinos, genetic professionals must be conversant with their personal and social history, culture, and traditions. At the same time, cultural stereotyping must be avoided, as the individuality of each patient must be recognized, acknowledged and respected. PMID:11788084

Penchaszadeh, V B

2001-01-01

328

Infusing Professional Ethics into Counselor Education Programs: A Multicultural/Social Justice Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Multiculturalism and social justice counseling issues influence counselors' ethical thinking and behavior. Counselor educators are responsible for facilitating students' understanding of the relevance of multicultural/social justice counseling issues and ethical standards for professional practices. Added insights in these areas aid students to…

Pack-Brown, Sherlon P.; Thomas, Tequilla L.; Seymour, Jennifer M.

2008-01-01

329

Code of Ethics of the National Society of Genetic Counselors: Explication of Revisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Code of Ethics (COE) of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) was adopted in 1992. In 2004, the NSGC leadership appointed the Code of Ethics Work Group (COEWG) to consider revisions to the NSGC COE based on advice from the NSGC legal counsel, and to consider additional changes given growth in the scope of genetic counseling practice since

R. L. Bennett; N. Callanan; E. Gordon; L. Karns; K. H. Mooney; R. Ruzicka; S. Schmerler; S. Weissman

2006-01-01

330

Directive counseling on long-acting contraception.  

PubMed Central

National rates of unintended births are a major public health concern. The availability of highly effective long-acting contraceptives has prompted some public officials to promote the coercive use of these methods to reduce such problems as intergenerational poverty and child abuse. Broad-brush public policies that require long-term contraceptive use are unethical. However, persuasion to use these methods can be appropriate. One place for exerting ethically justified influence is in family planning counseling. The dominant nondirective counseling model, which excludes the possibility of vigorous persuasion, is overly rigid. Family planning professionals should develop practice protocols that permit and guide the exercise of directive counseling to use long-acting contraception.

Moskowitz, E; Jennings, B

1996-01-01

331

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

332

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

333

An Empirical Evaluation of the Effect of Peer and Managerial Ethical Behaviors and the Ethical Predispositions of Prospective Advertising Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

An advertising firm's ethical culture (as defined by the firm's managerial and peer ethical behaviors) may affect the employees' comfort levels and ethical behaviors. In this research, scenarios were used to describe advertising firms with various ethical cultures. Respondents' perceived comfort levels in working for the firms described in the scenarios and the respondents' behavioral intentions when faced with various

Nancy K. Keith; Charles E. Pettijohn; Melissa S. Burnett

2003-01-01

334

Content analysis of acculturation research in counseling and counseling psychology: a 22-year review.  

PubMed

The authors conducted a 22-year (1988–2009) content analysis of quantitative empirical research that included acculturation and/or enculturation as a study variable(s). A total of 138 studies in 134 articles were systematically evaluated from 5 major American Psychological Association and American Counseling Association journals in counseling and counseling psychology, including Journal of Counseling Psychology, The Counseling Psychologist, Journal of Counseling and Development, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, and Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. To guide the analysis, the authors conceptualized acculturation/enculturation as a “bilinear” (i.e., developing cultural orientations to both majority and ethnic cultures) and “multidimensional” (i.e., across multiple areas such as behaviors, values, identity, and knowledge) cultural socialization process that occurs in interaction with “social contexts” (e.g., home, school, work, West Coast, Midwest). Findings include the patterns and trends of acculturation/enculturation research in (a) conceptualization and use of acculturation/enculturation variable(s), (b) research designs (e.g., sample characteristics, instruments, data collection, and analysis methods), (c) content areas, and (d) changes in total publications and trends over time. Additionally, meta-analyses were conducted on the relationship of acculturation/enculturation and a few key variables of mental health, adjustment, and well-being. Major findings and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:21142352

Yoon, Eunju; Langrehr, Kimberly; Ong, Lee Za

2011-01-01

335

Counseling the Terminally Ill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article briefly describes the Living With Death Program (a counseling service that helps terminally ill patients adjust), highlights some of the research findings of the program, and suggests an approach to counseling the terminally ill. (Author/HMV)

Carey, Raymond G.

1976-01-01

336

Extending the Humanistic Vision: Toward a Humanities Foundation for the Counseling Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Founding humanists argued that counseling should be ideologically grounded in the humanities. Currently, professional counseling culture is largely structured by scientific assumptions, which, the author maintains, have had a detrimental impact on the profession. Specific recommendations for shifting professional counseling culture to a…

Hansen, James T.

2012-01-01

337

Race and Ethnicity: An 11-Year Content Analysis of "Counseling and Values"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the Dimensions of Personal Identity Model proposed by Arredondo and Glauner (as cited in Arredondo et al., 1996), the authors reviewed the last 11 years of the Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling's journal, "Counseling and Values", specifically regarding the "A" dimensions of race and ethnicity.…

Baker, Caroline A.; Bowen, Nikol V.; Butler, J. Yasmine; Shavers, Marjorie C.

2013-01-01

338

The New ASERVIC Competencies for Addressing Spiritual and Religious Issues in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2009, leaders in the Association for Spiritual, Ethical and Religious Values in Counseling (ASERVIC) developed new competencies for addressing spiritual and religious issues in counseling. This article briefly addresses the need for new ASERVIC competencies, provides an overview of the process whereby the new competencies emerged, and…

Cashwell, Craig S.; Watts, Richard E.

2010-01-01

339

Challenges of Cultural and Racial Diversity to Counseling: Volume 2. Latin America and the United States. Mexico City Conference Proceedings (June 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers from the second international conference of the American Counseling Association held in Mexico City in June 1990 are included in this book. The book is divided into four parts: community, diversity, communication, and spirituality. The following papers are included: (1) Myths, Realities, and Implications of the English Only Movement in the…

Gonzalez, Gerardo M., Ed.; and Others

340

Innovations in Career Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews approaches for career counseling that should be effective for clients now and into the future, suggests a holistic approach to career counseling, and offers recommendations for career counseling practice. Explains the use of Personal Career Theory as a client-centered approach. (Contains 16 references.) (JOW)|

Lee, Felissa K.; Johnston, Joseph A.

2001-01-01

341

Staff Counselling in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One aspect of staff development that has not received much attention is staff counseling. In fact, the general pastoral care of the teaching staff is largely neglected. Since most problems of teachers have a personal nature, what is needed is a specially trained staff within the institution to offer personal counseling. This counseling could…

Gray, H. L.

342

An Investigation of the Ethical Decision-Making of Preschool Teachers: A Cultural Study of a Sample in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the ethical decision-making of preschool teachers (N = 26) in Samsun, on the northern coast of Turkey, was examined. For this analysis, six real-life dilemmas were prepared, chosen from the problems that most often arise in kindergartens in Turkey. These dilemmas addressed the commitment of the teacher to the child, to self, to the…

Ozturk, Safak

2011-01-01

343

Cultivating Engineering Ethics and Critical Thinking: A Systematic and Cross-Cultural Education Approach Using Problem-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In May 2008, the worst earthquake in more than three decades struck southwest China, killing more than 80,000 people. The complexity of this earthquake makes it an ideal case study to clarify the intertwined issues of ethics in engineering and to help cultivate critical thinking skills. This paper first explores the need to encourage engineering…

Chang, Pei-Fen; Wang, Dau-Chung

2011-01-01

344

An investigation of the ethical decision?making of preschool teachers: a cultural study of a sample in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the ethical decision?making of preschool teachers (N = 26) in Samsun, on the northern coast of Turkey, was examined. For this analysis, six real?life dilemmas were prepared, chosen from the problems that most often arise in kindergartens in Turkey. These dilemmas addressed the commitment of the teacher to the child, to self, to the family, to the

?afak Öztürk

2011-01-01

345

Impact of human genome initiative-derived technology on genetic testing, screening and counseling: Cultural, ethical and legal issues. Progress report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Genetic medical services provided by the Georgia Division of Public Health in two northern and two central districts are compared to services provided in a district in which a tertiary care facility is located. Genetics outreach public health nurses play ...

R. W. Trottier F. C. Hodgin M. Imara D. Phoenix S. Lybrook

1993-01-01

346

West Meets East: A Cross-cultural Look at American and Russian Public Relations Students' Perceptions of Leadership Style and Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study represents an attempt to examine ethical inclination, similarities and differences between public relations students in Russia and the United States. Scholars recognize that perception of an ethical issue is an important prerequisite for the ethical decision process, and this survey explored perceptions of 377 American and Russian public relations students regarding professional ethics and leadership styles. Results

Elina Erzikova; Bruce Berger

2008-01-01

347

Confidentiality, HIV, and the ACA Code of Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the newly revised Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice of the American Counseling Association and the recognized terms and conditions under which counselors are justified in disclosing confidential client information to prevent third parties from contracting contagious, fatal diseases. Provides ethical guidelines for interpreting and…

Cohen, Elliot D.

1997-01-01

348

Ethical Practices of Field-Based Mental Health Counselor Supervisors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Surveys current ethical supervisory practices of field-based mental health supervisors in Ohio as they relate to the Supervisory Role section of the ACES Ethical Standards for Counseling Supervisors. Results suggest that the respondents in this study practice in accordance with much of the Standards. (JBJ)|

Navin, Sally; And Others

1995-01-01

349

Ethics and the University. Professional Ethics Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book brings together the closely related topics of the practice of ethics in the university, "academic ethics," and the teaching of practical, or applied, ethics in the university. The volume considers practical ethics, research ethics, the teaching of ethics, and sexual ethics as related to the university. The chapters are: (1) "The Ethics

Davis, Michael

350

Ethical Guidelines for Counselors when Working with Clients with Terminal Illness Requesting Physician Aid in Dying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2005, the American Counseling Association (ACA) introduced a new ethical standard for counselors working with clients with terminal illness who are considering hastened death options. The authors' purpose is to inform counselors of the Death With Dignity Act and explore relevant ethical guidelines in the "ACA Code of Ethics" (ACA, 2005).|

Kurt, Layla J.; Piazza, Nick J.

2012-01-01

351

Ideas on the Margins: Professional Counseling and Ideological Insularity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Efforts to professionalize counseling practice have yielded extraordinary benefits to counselors. However, professionalization has also caused counselors to adopt strict definitions of their education, practices, and ethics. In order to combat the ideological insularity brought on by professionalization, several marginalized ideas are considered.…

Hansen, James

2010-01-01

352

Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Respect for diversity and for values different from one's own is a central value of counseling psychology training programs. The valuing of diversity is also consistent with the profession of psychology as mandated by the American Psychological Association's (APA's) Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct and as discussed in the Guidelines and…

Counseling Psychologist, 2009

2009-01-01

353

The Internationalization of a School Counseling Program at a Catholic University: Reflections Generated by a Community of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the internationalization experiences of four school counseling faculty members in a counseling program at a Catholic university. Counseling in general and counseling schools have become a global profession. As a result, it is imperative for training programs to develop graduates who are culturally competent across the globe.…

Nash, Erika R.; Martin, Ian; Rowell, Lonnie; Hetherington, Peggy; Zgliczynski, Susan

2011-01-01

354

Social Work Ethics for Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because teaching about values and ethics is essential in social work education, social work educators need to become knowledgeable about the 1996 NASW Code of Ethics and its application to social work practice and education. Three major new areas in the Code, confidentiality with managed care, technology, and family and group work, cultural competence, and appropriate professional relationships, are addressed.

Elaine P. Congress

2002-01-01

355

Critical Thinking and Business Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that business communication uses the same forms (causal analysis, classification, etc.) as other forms of composition, and that the act of communicating in the social context of a business culture implies an ethical basis. Argues that ethics and moral development are part of a students' cognitive development and an inevitable part of…

Mahin, Linda

1998-01-01

356

Conceptualising sustainable tourism - ethics, inequalities and colonialism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses broadly on ethical consumption and more specifically on an emerging consumption practice within the tourism industry, sustainable tourism. The paper engages with ethical consumption and sustainable tourism in order to establish if we could conceptualise sustainable tourism as an emerging form of ethical consumption: consuming places, spaces, environment and culture, within the context of a globalising world.

Paul Hanna

2009-01-01

357

Confucian Business Ethics and the Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Confucian ethics as applied to the study of business ethics often relate to the micro consideration of personal ethics and the character of a virtuous person. Actually, Confucius and his school have much to say about the morals of the public administration and the market institutions in a more macro level. While Weber emphasizes the role of culture on the

Kit-Chun Joanna Lam

2003-01-01

358

Islamic Ethics and the Implications for Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

As global business operations expand, managers need more knowledge of foreign cultures, in particular, information on the ethics of doing business across borders. The purpose of this paper is twofold: (1) to share the Islamic perspective on business ethics, little known in the west, which may stimulate further thinking and debate on the relationships between ethics and business, and (2)

Gillian Rice

1999-01-01

359

Ethics: the new moral methodology for business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe a new methodology called E-thics, how it can be applied to an investment company, and how it can be used as a catalyst to develop an ethical corporate culture. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Discusses recent events that have led the general public to expect improved corporate behaviour; what compels companies toward ethical

Paul Johns

2006-01-01

360

Ethical challenges in everyday practice for healthcare lawyers.  

PubMed

A lawyer representing healthcare clients confronts numerous ethical issues in day-to-day practice. The authors, practicing healthcare attorneys, first give a quick overview of the history of today's rules of legal ethics, and then turn to hypothetical (but realistic) scenarios to examine counsel's duties under various circumstances. The Article concludes with an examination of the overriding duties of confidentiality and privilege, which guide the analysis of ethical concerns in all areas. PMID:11263135

Taylor, L D; Pomerance, P L

2001-01-01

361

BRCA1 Testing: Genetic Counseling Protocol Development and Counseling Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the genetic counseling protocols which were developed and counseling issues that have arisen in the first 2 years of evaluating a large kindred with a BRCA1 mutation. The rationale for the development of the genetic counseling protocols and specific genetic counseling visual aids are presented and discussed. The protocols and counseling aids can serve as models for

Bonnie Jeanne Baty; Vickie L. Venne; Jamie McDonald; Robert T. Croyle; Corinne Halls; Jean E. Nash; Jeffrey R. Botkin

1997-01-01

362

Nursing Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing ethics in the 21st century will continue to be concerned with describing and communicating the characteristics of the “good” nurse, and describing nurses’ ethical practices. However, there is a growing concern that what constitutes nurses’ ethical practices is changing as patients are experiencing, by virtue of reduced reimbursements for health care services, limited time to be in a nurse-patient

Sara Fry

363

Journalism Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journalism ethics, the norms of responsible journalism, can be traced back to the beginning of modern journalism in Europe during the seventeenth century. This chapter provides an overview of contemporary journalism ethics by following its evolution, by reviewing and critiquing major approaches, and by suggesting future work. The chapter begins with a view of ethics as practi- cal normative activity

Stephen J. A. Ward

2008-01-01

364

The Ethics of Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for a self-audit of the academic profession's ethics and peer culture, including clarifying the responsibilities of the profession and articulating the first principles of peer review. (EV)

Hamilton, Neil W.

2003-01-01

365

Beyond Easy Answers: Prenatal Diagnosis and Counseling During Pregnancy: EDITOR'S NOTE:?The following five papers were presented as part of a panel discussion entitled “Beyond Easy Answers: Prenatal Diagnosis and Counseling During Pregnancy” at the 2000 annual meeting of The American Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Association. The series of papers explore how families and doctors respond when a prenatal diagnosis is made, and consider ethical and social issues around counseling, managing information, and making decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The advancing sophistication and availability of prenatal diagnos- tic technologies, such as transvaginal ultrasound, chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis, and alpha feto-protein testing, have increased the medical ca- pacity to detect genetic and congenital conditions during pregnancy. This pa- per raises many social and ethical questions about how families, craniofacial teams, and society respond when a prenatal diagnosis is made

Ronald P. Strauss

2002-01-01

366

Counseling the Inupiat Eskimo. Contributions in Psychology, Number 36.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Successful counseling interventions and treatment depend on understanding the worldview of the people to whom services are offered. This book provides culturally specific information about the Inupiat worldview of "personal well-being" as a basis for establishing counseling strategies. This perspective is obtained through interviews with 25…

Reimer, Catherine Swan

367

Counseling and Psychoanalysis: Advancing the Value of Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Arguably, the defining feature of the counseling profession is an appreciation for human diversity. Early counseling movements emphasized individual diversity, while multiculturalism and social justice highlighted cultural diversity. The author maintains that contemporary psychoanalytic thought can supply a needed intraindividual diversity…

Hansen, James T.

2010-01-01

368

Counseling Psychology's Commitment to Strengths: Rhetoric or Reality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A positive psychology framework is consistent with counseling psychology's historic claim of focusing on strengths and optimal human functioning. The major articles in this issue of The Counseling Psychologist introduced many innovative, provocative, prag- matic, and useful ideas, strategies, and models related to this framework. For the most part, these articles failed, however, to integrate cultural factors, developmental concepts and

Lawrence H. Gerstein

2006-01-01

369

The Rehabilitation Ethic and Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical issues and values play an integral role in decisions made by both rehabilitation staff and patients. While patient refusal of treatment draws significant attention, staff decisions on admission and termination of rehabilitation treatment are equally fraught with ethical issues. An evolving set of ethical models are presented to illuminate key issues and provide guidance in approaching these decisions. A

Stephen T. Wegener

1996-01-01

370

Ethics Updates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1994 by Professor Lawrence M. Hinman of the University of San Diego, the Ethics Updates site is designed primarily to be used to ethics instructors and their students. However, the site is rather interesting, so members of the general public may find themselves making a few return visits. Visitors can use the drop-down tabs on the top of the homepage to make their way through sections that cover some of the basic theories of ethics and also learn more about applied ethics in relation to such issues as animal rights, torture, and world hunger. Moving on, the "Resources" area includes case studies for discussion, a glossary of terms, classic texts in ethics, and ethics surveys. The site is rounded out by a search engine and a selection of videos that deal with various topics in ethics.

Hinman, Lawrence M.

371

An African ethic for nursing?  

PubMed

This article derives from a doctoral thesis in which a particular discourse was used as a 'paradigm case'. From this discourse an ethic set within a South African culture arose. Using many cultural 'voices' to aid the understanding of this narrative, the ethic shows that one can build on both a 'justice' and a 'care' ethic. With further development based on African culture one can take the ethic of care deeper and reveal 'layers of understanding'. Care, together with compassion, forms the foundation of morality. Nursing ethics has followed particular western moral philosophers. Often nursing ethics has been taught along the lines of Kohlberg's theory of morality, with its emphasis on rules, rights, duties and general obligations. These principles were universalistic, masculine and noncontextual. However, there is a new ethical movement among Thomist philosophers along the lines to be expounded in this article. Nurses such as Benner, Bevis, Dunlop, Fry and Gadow--to name but a few--have welcomed the concept of an 'ethic of care'. Gilligan's work gave a feminist view and situated ethics in the everyday aspects of responsiveness, responsibility, context and concern. Shutte's search for a 'philosophy for Africa' has resulted in finding similarities in Setiloane and in Senghor with those of Thomist philosophers. Using this African philosophy and a research participant's narrative, an African ethic evolves out of the African proverb: 'A person is a person through other persons', or its alternative rendering: 'I am because we are: we are because I am.' This hermeneutic narrative reveals 'the way affect imbues activity with ethical meaning' within the context of a black nursing sister in a rural South African hospital. It expands upon the above proverb and incorporates the South African constitutional idea of 'Ubuntu' (compassion and justice or humanness). PMID:11221391

Haegert, S

2000-11-01

372

International Counseling Trainees' Experiences and Perceptions of Their Multicultural Counseling Training in the United States: A Mixed Method Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined international counseling students' (ICTs) experiences and perceptions of their multicultural counseling training (MCT) in the United States. The focus was on (a) relevance of the training, (b) effectiveness of the training methods, and (c) development of cross-cultural competence as trainees. Major findings indicated that ICTs…

Smith, Shannon D.; Ng, Kok-Mun

2009-01-01

373

Business ethics in ethics committees?  

PubMed

The "Ethics committees" column in this issue of the Hastings Center Report features an introduction by Cynthia B. Cohen and four brief commentaries on the roles hospital ethics committees may play in the making of institutional and public health care policy in the 1990s. The pros and cons of a broader, more public role for ethics committees in reconciling the business and patient care aspects of health care delivery are debated by Cohen in "Ethics committees as corporate and public policy advocates," and by Philip Boyle in this article. Boyle is an associate for ethical studies at The Hastings Center. PMID:2228587

Boyle, P

374

From Colonialism to Ultranationalism: History and Development of Career Counseling in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documents the development of career counseling in Malaysia from 1957--when the British colonizers departed--to 2000. Presents information on the historic and economic context of the development of career counseling, an exploration of the educational system from which career counseling was born, and the cultural elements that have formed career…

Pope, Mark; Musa, Muhaini; Singaravelu, Hemla; Bringaze, Tammy; Russell, Martha

2002-01-01

375

Special Issue: Leisure Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Special issue includes (1) "Introduction" (Burlew); (2) "Leisure Counseling (LC): A Call to Order" (Emerson); (3) "Integrating Leisure into Adult Career Counseling Process" (Pearson); (4) "Developmental Approach to LC Theory" (McDaniels); (5) "LC for the Elderly" (Clark); (6) "LC with AIDS Clients" (Burlew); and (7) "The Leisure Sphere: Context…

Burlew, Larry D., Ed.; And Others

1992-01-01

376

Counseling in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is rapid growth in Greece's professional and research activity in counseling, despite the lack of a clear professional identity for the field. It is hoped this will be overcome through the newly started graduate programs. Opportunities, objectives, and strategies for counseling's advancement should be directed toward close and essential…

Malikiosi-Loizos, Maria; Ivey, Allen E.

2012-01-01

377

Publishing International Counseling Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

2011-01-01

378

Spa in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains spa in counseling as uplifting, positive experiences in which focus is placed directly on helping clients feel good about themselves. Provides several examples of spa in counseling, simplest procedure being activity "Things I Can Do," in which counselor helps client focus on and savor some of most often-repeated actions of which he is…

Nelson, Richard C.

1992-01-01

379

Counseling in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling in Ireland has experienced rapid growth in the past 30 years. Public attitudes toward counseling have become more positive, especially with the increasing secularization of a once strongly religious Catholic society. Licensure is nonexistent but there are certification bodies that attempt to ensure qualified practice. There is no…

O'Morain, Padraig; McAuliffe, Garrett J.; Conroy, Kayte; Johnson, Jennifer M.; Michel, Rebecca E.

2012-01-01

380

Teaching Multicultural Counseling Prepracticum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the value of a multicultural counseling prepracticum course for counselors in training at Virginia Commonwealth University (Richmond). States that the course helps students develop their skills in multicultural counseling. Offers suggestions for teaching the course and discusses course objectives, course content, and student responses.…

McCreary, Micah L.; Walker, Tamara D.

2001-01-01

381

Counseling Exceptional People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide offers counselors and special education and classroom teachers assistance in counseling handicapped children. Major articles focus on counseling children who are mentally retarded, emotionally, visually and hearing impaired, learning disabled, and gifted. Additional information is provided on: (1) sexual fulfillment for the…

Benjamin, Libby; Walz, Garry R.

382

Counseling with Exceptional Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adolescents with disabilities are an extremely heterogeneous group of diverse learners, each with unique learning strengths and needs. Often misunderstood and frequently less served by the counseling profession, these children and adolescents need counseling services just as much as, if not more than, other children. Federal…

Tarver-Behring, Shari; Spagna, Michael E.

2004-01-01

383

Nondirectiveness and genetic counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nondirectiveness is the generally required and professed standard for genetic counseling. However, studies are lacking in the field of human genetics and in other disciplines which address either the theory or practice of this type of therapeutic procedure in the context of genetic counseling. Moreover, there is no indication the further development this concept has undergone in client-centered therapy has

Gerhard Wolff; Christine Jung I

1995-01-01

384

Islamic Approach in Counseling.  

PubMed

A religious approach is one of the matters emphasized in counseling today. Many researchers find that there is a need to apply the religious element in counseling because religion is important in a client's life. The purpose of this research is to identify aspects of the Islamic approach applied in counseling clients by counselors at Pusat Kaunseling Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Sembilan (PKMAINS). In addition, this research also analyses the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS with reference to al-Quran and al-Sunnah. This is a qualitative research in the form of case study at PKMAINS. The main method used in this research is interview. The research instrument used is interview protocol. The respondents in this study include 9 counselors who serve in one of the counseling centers in Malaysia. This study also uses questionnaire as an additional instrument, distributed to 36 clients who receive counseling service at the center. The findings of the study show that the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS may be categorized into three main aspects: aqidah (faith), ibadah (worship/ultimate devotion and love for God) and akhlaq (moral conduct). Findings also show that the counseling in these aspects is in line with Islamic teachings as contained in al-Quran and al-Sunnah. PMID:23563898

Hanin Hamjah, Salasiah; Mat Akhir, Noor Shakirah

2013-04-01

385

Stressors in School Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stressors in school counseling were researched by surveying 240 school counselors about prevalence of stress experienced, sources of stress, and possible relationship between perceived stress and biographic variables (sex, age, marital status, assigned grade level, years of counseling experience). Counselors indicated moderate stress concerning…

Sears, Susan J.; Navin, Sally L.

1983-01-01

386

Ethical intercultural technical communication: Looking through the lens of Confucian ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of intercultural communication focus little on the ethical principles that inspire specific communication practices. The ethics of Confucius (including the virtues of goodness, righteousness, wisdom, faithfulness, reverence, and courage), however, genuinely illuminate communication behaviors within China. Analysis of a cultural artifact of technical communication reveals the substantial insight offered by the lens of ethics. A comprehensive understanding of differences

Sam Dragga

1999-01-01

387

Reducing STIs: screening, treatment, and counseling.  

PubMed

Screening, treatment, and counseling for sexually transmitted infections requires a thorough assessment of psychosocial, behavioral, cultural, and clinical factors. This article offers a summary of the most recent CDC data, prevention guidelines, and steps to implementing current evidence into clinical practice. PMID:22430929

Champion, Jane Dimmitt; Collins, Jennifer L

2012-04-15

388

Applying Qur'anic Metaphors in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years there has been increased attention to the importance of appropriate and relevant counseling interventions with culturally and religiously diverse populations. In accordance with the fact that Muslims rely on Qur'anic verses when answering the larger questions of life, "metaphor therapy" comes across as a technique that counselors…

Ahammed, Shaima

2010-01-01

389

Counselling Maori people in New Zealand [Aotearoa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an edited version of a seminal address given to a national association of counselors in New Zealand by a senior Maori figure professionally involved in the helping field. It focuses on a particular indigenous ethnic minority in terms of appropriate counseling, but has relevance for other traditionally-based cultures. After some attention to the societal context, the address

Mason Durie; Gary Hermansson

1990-01-01

390

Understanding and Counseling Asian American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Asian American students who encounter personal problems may hesitate to utilize counseling and mental health facilities on campuses, being fearful that family, friends and/or relatives may consider them emotionally unstable. Counselors and mental health workers may lack understanding of language and cultural background of Asian-American students,…

Chandras, Kananur V.

391

Personnel to Serve the Aging in the Field of Counseling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) has developed standards for counselor preparation that include the following 'common core' components: (1) human growth and development; (2) social and cultural foundations; (3) development; (...

D. A. Peterson

1988-01-01

392

Ethics Updates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Lawrence M. Hinman of the University of San Diego provides ethics students with a unique kind of meta-page where the user can choose from a wide array of information formats within each of the 23 topics under the main sub-headings of ethical theory and applied ethics. Topics covered include ethical relativism, utilitarianism, race and ethnicity, and euthanasia, among others. Information formats include links to web sites, bibliographies, court decisions, legislation, relevant documents, and articles in popular and professional literature. Much of the site content is adapted from Hinman's books.

1997-01-01

393

Genetic Counseling for Hearing Loss.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses epidemiologic and demographic characteristics of hereditary hearing loss and genetic evaluation and counseling. It discusses who should have genetic counseling, the genetic counseling process, and effects of genetics technology on the genetic counseling process. A case study of a 2-year-old with severe sensorineural hearing…

Arnos, Kathleen S.

1997-01-01

394

Preventive counseling during prenatal care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Prenatal care provides an opportunity for counseling about behaviors and experiences that increase the likelihood of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes.Objectives: To document (1) prevalence of preventive health counseling during prenatal care, (2) prevalence of women in higher need of counseling about specific health concerns, and (3) whether women in higher need for counseling were more likely than women

Ruth Petersen; Alexandra Connelly; Sandra L Martin; Lawrence L Kupper

2001-01-01

395

In favour of online counselling?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A ‘surf on the net’ reveals that internationally, many organisations are providing a range of counselling services online including counselling via email, interactive ‘chat rooms’ and teleconferencing. Online counselling appears to be offered primarily as a ‘fee for service’ and many online practitioners work in the area of mental health. In Australia, KIDS Help Line offers ‘free’ counselling for young

Susan Hunt

2002-01-01

396

Medical Ethics  

MedlinePLUS

... advance directives and resuscitation orders? Abortion: When does life begin? Is it ethical to terminate a pregnancy with a birth defect? Genetic and prenatal testing: What happens if you are a ... your family? Below you'll find some links about ethics in medicine.

397

Islamic medical ethics: a primer.  

PubMed

Modern medical practice is becoming increasingly pluralistic and diverse. Hence, cultural competency and awareness are given more focus in physician training seminars and within medical school curricula. A renewed interest in describing the varied ethical constructs of specific populations has taken place within medical literature. This paper aims to provide an overview of Islamic Medical Ethics. Beginning with a definition of Islamic Medical Ethics, the reader will be introduced to the scope of Islamic Medical Ethics literature, from that aimed at developing moral character to writings grounded in Islamic law. In the latter form, there is an attempt to derive an Islamic perspective on bioethical issues such as abortion, gender relations within the patient-doctor relationship, end-of-life care and euthanasia. It is hoped that the insights gained will aid both clinicians and ethicists to better understand the Islamic paradigm of medical ethics and thereby positively affect patient care. PMID:17845488

Padela, Aasim I

2007-03-01

398

Theories of School Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three common approaches used by school counselors, administrative/managerial, client-centered, and behavioral, are described. It is concluded that counselors' development and revision of their own counseling theory facilitates counselors' continuing professional growth. (CJ)|

Ohlsen, Merle M.

1982-01-01

399

Individual Drug Counseling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual is intended as a guide for the individual treatment of cocaine addiction by addiction counselors. The counseling model described here was developed originally for use in the Collaborative Cocaine Treatment Study (Mercer and Woody 1992) sponsor...

D. E. Mercer G. E. Woody

2010-01-01

400

A Pediatric Counseling Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the operation of a parent support service provided by mental health staff and pediatricians who offer free telephone counseling, private consultations, parent education group meetings, and an early intervention program for parents concerned with their children's "negative" behavior. (RH)

Klein, Carol

1982-01-01

401

Genetic Counseling (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... for Down syndrome. It's especially important to consider genetic counseling if any of the following risk factors apply to you: a standard prenatal screening test (such as the alpha fetoprotein test) yields ...

402

Cultural and Ethical Considerations When Working With Military Personnel and Veterans: A Primer for VA Training Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing number of predoctoral psychology interns are completing their internship within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system. Individuals receiving mental health services in the VA constitute a distinct subculture with unique experiences reflected in their beliefs, norms, and language. Thus, interns need to increase their level of knowledge of military culture to effectively provide service to

Thad Q. Strom; Margaret E. Gavian; Elizabeth Possis; Jennifer Loughlin; Thao Bui; Eftihia Linardatos; Jennie Leskela; Wayne Siegel

2012-01-01

403

Cultural Resources on the New England Coast and Continental Shelf: Research, Regulatory, and Ethical Considerations from a Massachusetts Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cultural resource base on the New England coast and continental shelf, circumscribed generally in this overview to Southern New England and the Gulf of Maine, is summarized. The U.S. and state historic preservation regulatory schemes and constituent interests are outlined. Federal, state, and local authorities are involved in review and permitting of proposed undertakings that could adversely affect significant

Edward L. Bell

2009-01-01

404

Relationships of Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Cultural Values, Ethical and Cognitive Developmental Levels, and Views of Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored relationships between preservice early childhood teachers' views of nature of science (NOS), cognitive developmental levels, and their cultural values. Using the Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire (VNOS-B) and interviews, we assessed views of NOS. The Learning Context Questionnaire (LCQ) was used to determine the…

Akerson, Valarie L.; Buzzelli, Cary A.

2007-01-01

405

Seminarian attitudes toward counseling.  

PubMed

This paper examines whether seminarians are interested in referring parishioners to pastoral counselors or prefer handling commingled psychological and spiritual problems through counseling parishioners themselves. Research results revealed openness toward referral and also a strong interest in counseling persons themselves. Forms of collaboration other than referral were also examined, and seminarians indicated openness to using consultation, training, and personal therapeutic support. Implications for church-psychology collaboration, generally, are discussed. Areas for further research are recommended. PMID:22452142

Croswell, Jill; Debbeler, Lisa Maechling; Turpening, John; Zureick, Patricia

406

What is ideal genetic counselling? A survey of current international guidelines.  

PubMed

The objective of this article is to review guidelines that address counselling in the context of genetic testing in order to summarise what aspects of counselling they consider most important, and to examine how they construct the ideal of genetic counselling. Guidelines were collected by examining the websites of different international professional, political, ethical and patient organisations, either previously known or found with the help of the Google search engine, and also using references listed in other studies. The most frequently mentioned topics in the collected 56 guidelines were sought, and this was carried out with the software package Qualitative Solutions and Research for Non-numerical Unstructured Data Indexing Searching and Theorizing. Topics related to genetic counselling that were mentioned in at least 30 of 56 collected documents were considered to be the most important aspects of genetic counselling. The ideal of genetic counselling is expressed in the analysed guidelines as being composed of (1) an appropriately trained professional who understands genetics and its ethical implications well; (2) relevant and objective information; (3) assurance of the counsellee's understanding; (4) psychological support; (5) informed consent; (6) confidentiality of genetic information; (7) considering familial implications; (8) appropriate handling of potential discrimination of testing; and (9) assuring autonomous decision-making by the counsellee. The ideal of genetic counselling is rather consistent in the guidelines, but there are some contradictions between the requirements of objective information-giving and adapting counselling to counsellee's circumstances. PMID:18197196

Rantanen, Elina; Hietala, Marja; Kristoffersson, Ulf; Nippert, Irmgard; Schmidtke, Jörg; Sequeiros, Jorge; Kääriäinen, Helena

2008-01-16

407

Ethical challenges in the management of multiple pregnancies: the professional responsibility model of perinatal ethics.  

PubMed

Abstract Ethics is an essential component for the responsible clinical management of multiple gestation and decision-making about such pregnancies with pregnant women. The ethical concept of the fetus as a patient is presented as the basis for identifying a professionally responsible approach to selective termination, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, and to discordant beneficence-based obligations that exist when one or more fetuses are adversely affected by a fetal anomaly or complication of pregnancy. The roles for directive counseling, i.e., making evidence-based recommendations, and for non-directive counseling, i.e., offering evidence-based alternatives but making no recommendations, are described. The professional responsibility model of perinatal ethics creates a practical framework to guide the clinical judgment of perinatologists and the informed process about the clinical management of multiple pregnancies. PMID:23314513

Chervenak, Frank A; McCullough, Laurence B

2013-01-01

408

Ethical Issues in Cardiac Surgery  

PubMed Central

While ethical behavior has always been part of cardiac surgical practice, ethical deliberation has only recently become an important component of cardiac surgical practice. Issues such as informed consent, conflict of interest, and professional self-regulation, among many others, have increasingly attracted the attention of cardiac surgeons. This review covers several broad topics of interest to cardiac surgeons and cardiologists, and treats several other topics more briefly. There is much uncertainty about what the future holds for cardiac surgical practice, research, and culture, and we discuss the background of ethical issues to serve as a platform for envisioning what is to come.

Kavarana, Minoo N.; Sade, Robert M.

2012-01-01

409

Beyond the disorder: one parent's reflection on genetic counselling.  

PubMed Central

As a mother of two sons with adrenoleukodystrophy the author of this paper writes about her experiences of genetic counselling following the diagnosis. She discusses the dilemmas, emotions and aftermath this knowledge has brought to her family and the roles she played. Personal concerns are raised about the values guiding genetic counselling which, she found, focused on the technical details without considering the ethical implications arising from the new knowledge or the emotional dilemmas of prenatal testing. Some consequences of choice and the value of hope are discussed. She concludes by challenging genetic counsellors to deliver a service which not only provides technical information but is cognisant of the ethical considerations this information may foist upon a family.

McGowan, R

1999-01-01

410

The Relationships among School Counselors' Multicultural Competence, Demographic Data and Ethical Decision-Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships, if any, among school counselors' multicultural competence, demographic data and ethical decision-making ability. The participants (N=160) for this study were members of the American Counseling Association (ACA) who designated their area of practice as school counseling. Participant's…

Strong, Laura A.

2010-01-01

411

Ethical Issues and Considerations for Working with Community College Students with Severe and Persistent Mental Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students with severe and persistent mental illnesses (e.g., schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders; moderate to severe mood, anxiety, dissociative, eating, or personality disorders) are attending community colleges in increasing numbers. Their need for counseling services presents counseling centers with unique ethical issues to consider.…

Francis, Perry C.; Abbassi, Amir

2010-01-01

412

The Relationships among School Counselors' Multicultural Competence, Demographic Data and Ethical Decision-Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships, if any, among school counselors' multicultural competence, demographic data and ethical decision-making ability. The participants (N=160) for this study were members of the American Counseling Association (ACA) who designated their area of practice as school counseling. Participant's…

Strong, Laura A.

2010-01-01

413

Sugar, ethics and legislation.  

PubMed

There are serious ethical and legal issues concerning the sale of sugar products, especially to children, yet one cannot address children's consumption without addressing consumption across society. The ethical principles are not even controversial. However, sugar has been insufficiently scrutinised, probably because sweetness is popular and plays a prominent, but dispensable, cultural role. Sugar is both addictive and toxic, although it is a very mild, very slow-working poison. Yet, over time, its effects can be quite serious. The social and health problems have proved grave and intractable. Given the nature of sugar, it should be regulated like alcohol and tobacco, if not more stringently, given its greater social and cultural penetration across all ages. That is, sales of sugar products at school canteens should be banned, advertising severely limited, full disclosure of sugar content made mandatory, warnings placed on certain products, and sugar itself should be taxed. PMID:20552941

Azize, Joseph

2010-05-01

414

Ideas on the Margins: Professional Counseling and Ideological Insularity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efforts to professionalize counseling practice have yielded extraordinary benefits to counselors. However, professionalization\\u000a has also caused counselors to adopt strict definitions of their education, practices, and ethics. In order to combat the ideological\\u000a insularity brought on by professionalization, several marginalized ideas are considered. The implications of these ideas and\\u000a ways to overcome ideological insularity are discussed.

James Hansen

2010-01-01

415

A Content Analysis of Multicultural Counseling Syllabi from Rehabilitation Counseling Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A content analysis of multicultural counseling syllabi from the Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE) accredited programs was conducted. Using CORE accreditation standards that apply to Social and Cultural Diversity knowledge and outcome areas (Section C.2) and Middleton et al. (2000) proposed multicultural competencies and standards for…

Stebnicki, Mark; Cubero, Chris

2008-01-01

416

Ethical leadership.  

PubMed

In today's climate and environment, the conventional relationship between caring, economic, and administrative practices no longer serves the interest of patients, clinicians, or systems. A shift toward human caring values and an ethic of authentic healing relationships is required as systems now have to value human resources and life purposes, inner meaning, and processes for providers and patients alike. The costs of unethical behavior can be even greater for followers. When we assume the benefits of leadership, we also assume ethical burdens. It is the assertion and experience of the author that the triangle of ethics and ethical behavior, followers, and patient's outcomes are closely interrelated and affect each other in a very intimate and direct way. Unethical leadership may lead to follower disappointment and distrust, leading to lack of interest and commitment, consequently negatively impacting patient outcomes and organizational effectiveness. PMID:22864295

Keselman, David

417

Experiencing Native American Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents four experiential excercises based on Native American culture for use in education, communication training, and counseling. These excercises are intended as vehicles for personal growth and aids to learning about Native American culture. (RC)

Darou, Wes G.

1980-01-01

418

Ethical Issues in Early Detection of HIV Infection To Reduce Vertical Transmission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: Proposals to make prenatal HIV testing routine and universal dramatize ethical issues regarding early detection of HIV. These proposals would abolish pretest counseling and written informed consent for prenatal HIV testing. Ethical concerns include whether pregnant women are adequately informed that they may refuse such testing and whether patients have an opportunity to obtain more detailed information about the

Bernard Lo; Leslie Wolf; Sohini Sengupta

2000-01-01

419

Therapeutic Practices and Ethical Beliefs of Professionals Working with Adolescents in Residential Treatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates dual relationships between two groups of staff (direct care and professional) and adolescent clients in two residential treatment programs. Direct care staff were more likely than were professional staff to have inconsistencies in behaviors and ethical beliefs. The American Counseling Association's Code of Ethics would prohibit some…

Zirkle, Denise S.; Jensen, Marilyn A.; Collins-Marotte, Joan; Murphy, Robert J.; Maddux, Cleborne

2002-01-01

420

Ethics and Body Politics: Interdisciplinary Possibilities for Embodied Psychotherapeutic Practice and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethical approaches to practice and research in counselling and arts/psychotherapies demand an urgent attention to body politics. Bodies are not neutral; gender, sexuality, ethnicity and class are socio-political aspects that shape our mental, emotional and physical selves and inform our ethical values. Drawing from the author's embodied practice…

Allegranti, Beatrice

2011-01-01

421

The Ghosts of Counseling Psychology: Is Counseling Research Really Dead?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scheel et al. offer an interesting analysis on the publication rate of counseling-related research articles in counseling psychology's two major journals. In this reaction to their work, the author considers various aspects of their results and contemplates possible explanations for the decline of counseling-related publications. The author…

Murdock, Nancy L.

2011-01-01

422

Psychological type and counselling psychology trainees’ choice of counselling orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clarifying the factors which influence choice of counselling orientation is important. This study investigated whether psychological type is associated with choice of orientation in counselling psychology trainees. Sets of questionnaires were sent to 210 counselling psychology trainees in four universities, which resulted in a sample of 84 participants. The measures were the Keirsey Temperament Sorter II and a short demographic

Evi Varlami; Rowan Bayne

2007-01-01

423

Effect of Genetic Counseling and Testing for BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutations in African American Women: A Randomized Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Limited empirical data are available on the effects of genetic counseling and testing among African American women. Objective: To evaluate the effects of genetic counseling and testing in African American women based on different levels of exposure: (a) women who were randomized to culturally tailored (CTGC) and standard genetic counseling (SGC) to women who declined randomization (non-randomized group), (b)

C. H. Halbert; L. Kessler; A. B. Troxel; J. E. Stopfer; S. Domchek

2010-01-01

424

Ethics in Distance Education: Developing Ethical Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the changing world of education through distance education and discusses the need for ethics in distance education. Explains how to ethically develop policy for distance education, including Internet ethics, good practices guidelines, and involving faculty. (LRW)|

Gearhart, Deb

2001-01-01

425

Counseling at universities in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counseling at Swedish universities started with departmental assistants who gave information about books, schedules, etc. Jobs for counselors began in 1969 arising from a labour market adapted university reform which resulted in an increased need for counseling.

Gunilla Bjorklund

1983-01-01

426

Commentary: how individual and profession-level factors influence discussion of disability in prenatal genetic counseling.  

PubMed

Hodgson and Weil (Journal of Genetic Counseling, 2011) reports on two interactive workshops in which genetic counselors identified a broad set of counseling issues that may be impediments to promoting an adequate discussion of disability in prenatal genetic counseling. The present commentary discusses two factors that we infer underlie these counseling issues. First, countertransference concerning disability, which is normal and expected, may influence genetic counselors' decisions about raising and exploring the complex topic of disability in prenatal genetic counseling. Second, the limited involvement of the profession of genetic counseling in the complex social and ethical issues of disability provide little guidance to the individual genetic counselor with respect to discussing disability in prenatal diagnosis counseling. We suggest both factors must be acknowledged and addressed in order to adequately implement the recommendations presented in Hodgson and Weil (Journal of Genetic Counseling, 2011) as well as other efforts to increase discussion of disability in prenatal diagnosis counseling in the service of informed decision making. PMID:22037898

Hodgson, Jan; Weil, Jon

2011-10-25

427

Applying Qur’anic Metaphors in Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years there has been increased attention to the importance of appropriate and relevant counseling interventions\\u000a with culturally and religiously diverse populations. In accordance with the fact that Muslims rely on Qur’anic verses when\\u000a answering the larger questions of life, “metaphor therapy” comes across as a technique that counselors can employ with Muslim\\u000a clients. Although several authors have suggested

Shaima Ahammed

2010-01-01

428

Ethical considerations in prenatal surgical consultation  

Microsoft Academic Search

When pediatric surgeons counsel the prospective parents of a fetus with a major congenital anomaly, medical and ethical issues\\u000a may arise in one or more contexts. There may be: (1) issues concerning the possibility of in-utero intervention or termination\\u000a of pregnancy; (2) issues surrounding the timing, location and mode of delivery; and (3) issues concerning possible operative\\u000a interventions after the

D. A. Caniano; F. Baylis

1999-01-01

429

Ethical ideology and ethical judgment regarding ethical issues in business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences in ethical ideology are thought to influence individuals' reasoning about moral issues (Forsyth and Nye, 1990; Forsyth, 1992). To date, relatively little research has addressed this proposition in terms of business-related ethical issues. In the present study, four groups, representing four distinct ethical ideologies, were created based on the two dimensions of the Ethical Position Questionnaire (idealism and relativism),

Tim Barnett; Ken Bass; Gene Brown

1994-01-01

430

Contemporary Counseling: Services, Applications, Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book was written to serve as a basic text in courses that overview the use of counseling services and to serve as a useful reference for counseling practitioners. It is designed to stress counseling services in different settings (social agencies, mental health centers, schools, business/industry, correctional institutions, and private…

Humes, Charles W.

431

Alabama Counseling Association Journal, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the two issues of the "Alabama Counseling Association Journal" published during 1996. The focus of the journal is on communicating ideas and information that will help counselors to implement the counseling role and develop the profession of counseling. Issue number 1 includes the following articles: "Commitment through…

Farrell, R. Joel, II, Ed.

1996-01-01

432

Counseling the Gifted and Talented.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This graduate-level textbook provides a framework for understanding giftedness, and considers the counseling process and strategies for counseling in the schools. Chapters include: "The Gifted Individual" (Linda Kreger Silverman); "The Quest for Meaning: Counseling Issues with Gifted Children and Adolescents" (Deirdre V. Lovecky); "A Developmental…

Silverman, Linda Kreger, Ed.

433

Do Counseling and Marketing Mix?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Responds to Wittman's previous article on counseling and marketing by discussing concerns about two of Wittman's purposes for use of marketing: improved services in consumers and economic survival of counseling profession. Agrees that counseling profession needs to understand basic marketing principles used by business and health care industry;…

Fong-Beyette, Margaret L.

1988-01-01

434

Advising and Counseling Student Athletes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a history of advising and counseling for college athletes and a discussion of current issues, followed by a model for advising and counseling student athletes. Recommends that athletic programs consider reviewing and revising their approach to advising and counseling student athletes to include the components of academic advising, life…

Broughton, Elizabeth; Neyer, Megan

2001-01-01

435

Biblical models in pastoral counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to current discussions regarding the development of Biblically-informed methods of pastoral counseling. It identifies three Biblical models of pastoral counseling and shows that each has its own particular understanding of the process of personal change and each invites a different understanding of the counseling task. The paper further contends that two of these models (called thepsalmic andproverbic)

Donald Capps

1980-01-01

436

Social and ethical dimensions of computer-mediated education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses social and ethical issues in computer-mediated education, with a focus on higher education. It will be argued if computer-mediated education is to be implemented in a socially and ethically sound way, four major social and ethical issues much be confronted. These are: (1) the issue of value transfer in higher education: can social, cultural and academic values

Philip Brey

2006-01-01

437

Teaching Ethics in International Business Courses: The Impacts of Religions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Implicit in most comparative ethical studies is the assumption that cultural and religious differences between countries are the major reasons behind the variations in ethical beliefs and business practice across nations. This article examines research on the international ethical issues and the common moral concerns that permeate differing…

Ruhe, John; Lee, Monle

2008-01-01

438

Teaching Ethics in International Business Courses: The Impacts of Religions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implicit in most comparative ethical studies is the assumption that cultural and religious differences between countries are the major reasons behind the variations in ethical beliefs and business practice across nations. This article examines research on the international ethical issues and the common moral concerns that permeate differing…

Ruhe, John; Lee, Monle

2008-01-01

439

Do American and Mexican Purchasing Managers Perceive Ethical Situations Differently?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to determine whether samples of American and Mexican purchasing managers had differing perceptions regarding ethical situations. Using Hofstede’s framework of cultural analysis as a theoretical base, it was hypothesized that there would be differences in the ethical perceptions of the two groups. A set of 11 ethical situations were given to purchasing managers in the form

Raghu Tadepalli; Abel Moreno; Salvador Trevino

1999-01-01

440

International Counseling Trainees’ Experiences and Perceptions of Their Multicultural Counseling Training in the United States: A Mixed Method Inquiry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined international counseling students’ (ICTs) experiences and perceptions of their multicultural counseling\\u000a training (MCT) in the United States. The focus was on (a) relevance of the training, (b) effectiveness of the training methods,\\u000a and (c) development of cross-cultural competence as trainees. Major findings indicated that ICTs found their MCT to be more\\u000a useful in the areas of knowledge

Shannon D. Smith; Kok-Mun Ng

2009-01-01

441

Black Undergraduate Students Attitude toward Counseling and Counselor Preference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A help seeking survey and measures of socioeconomic status, cultural mistrust, and African Self-consciousness were administered to 315 Black college students to study attitudes toward counseling and counselor preference. Multiple Regression analysis indicated that gender, cultural mistrust, and socioeconomic status were statistically significant…

Duncan, Lonnie E.; Johnson, Darrell

2007-01-01

442

Toward a Theory of Multicultural Counseling and Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this paper is to begin the process of proposing a theory of multicultural counseling and therapy (MCT). Since such an attempt may be culturally biased in itself, an effort is made to minimize this danger by analyzing the weaknesses and culture- bound biases of traditional mental health practices, by reviewing the literature…

Sue, Derald Wing

443

Black Undergraduate Students Attitude toward Counseling and Counselor Preference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A help seeking survey and measures of socioeconomic status, cultural mistrust, and African Self-consciousness were administered to 315 Black college students to study attitudes toward counseling and counselor preference. Multiple Regression analysis indicated that gender, cultural mistrust, and socioeconomic status were statistically significant…

Duncan, Lonnie E.; Johnson, Darrell

2007-01-01

444

Counseling in Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The counseling profession in Italy is in an early stage of development. No university preparation programs exist, and counselors are not employed in schools. Counselors maintain private practices, work in agencies, and are employed by the government. Counselors receive their preparation in Italy from professional associations in programs that…

Remley, Theodore P.; Bacchini, Eugenio; Krieg, Paul

2010-01-01

445

Stress and stress counselling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a report by the 1989 National Association of Clinical Tutors Wyeth Travelling Fellow to the United States of America. The stresses of postgraduate training and attempts to modify these are described, including stress counselling. The significance of stress and the relevance of the findings for postgraduate training in the United Kingdom are considered.

K. H. Matheson

1990-01-01

446

Odds in genetic counselling  

PubMed Central

The text that follows is a statement of opinion on the use and meaning of recurrence rates in genetic counselling. It will have served its purpose well if it becomes the starting point of fruitful discussion among counsellors, and if its major points are formally tested.

Cote, G B

1982-01-01

447

Developmental Science and Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developmental counseling is a promising model integrating theory and practice. A. E. Ivey's (2000; A. E. Ivey & O. F. Goncalves, 1988) work is discussed as a template for proposing a more comprehensive developmental perspective. Where A. E. Ivey's model renders a case for cognition, the current article encompasses other developmental systems…

Geidner, James M.

2009-01-01

448

CO 650 Community Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This course is designed to provide an understanding of the role that mental health professionals can play in the transformation of a community. Distinctions from traditional clinical counseling practices are highlighted as a means of enhancing the vision and skill repertoire of future professional counselors. Emphasis will be placed on issues related to advocacy, service to the underserved, preventive education

Georgina Panting-Sierra

2008-01-01

449

Counseling in Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The counseling profession in Italy is in an early stage of development. No university preparation programs exist, and counselors are not employed in schools. Counselors maintain private practices, work in agencies, and are employed by the government. Counselors receive their preparation in Italy from professional associations in programs that…

Remley, Theodore P.; Bacchini, Eugenio; Krieg, Paul

2010-01-01

450

Counselling, cognition and reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I would like to explore what academic psychology has to offer for counselling. When a counsellor meets a client or a group of clients he enters the situation with a number of implicit and explicit assumptions. He assumes, for example, that a relationship exists between the client's report about his situation and his social and material environment.

Jarg Bergold

1981-01-01

451

DOES GRIEF COUNSELING WORK?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most bereavement caregivers accept as a truism that their interventions are helpful. However, an examination of the bereavement intervention literature suggests that the scientific basis for accepting the efficacy of grief counseling may be quite weak. This article summarizes the findings of four recent qualitative and quantitative reviews of the bereavement intervention literature. It then discusses three possible explanations for

JOHN R. JORDAN; ROBERT A. NEIMEYER

2003-01-01

452

Loneliness: Counseling Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the related concepts of loneliness and the guidance counseling of adolescents. Argues that the fear of loneliness and the accompanying need to avoid it constitutes a universal motivational principle and that it is especially acute during adolescence. Shows how loneliness may serve as a basis for understanding and interpreting adolescent…

Mijuskovic, Ben

1986-01-01

453

Group Counseling: Health Related.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Diabetes and sickle cell anemia (SCA) are two health-related characteristics that distinguish young people from their peers. This article outlines the problems of children with diabetes and SCA and presents the goals and format for group counseling of these populations and their parents. (Author/BEF)|

McFadden, Johnnie

1979-01-01

454

Tattoos: Counseling the adolescent  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Western society, approximately 3% to 5% of the population has at least one decorative tattoo, and the number of new tattoos has increased dramatically over the last decade. Tattooing is becoming increasingly popular among adolescents. Pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs) are in key positions to counsel preadolescents and adolescents about tattoos. PNPs should be knowledgeable about the care, potential adverse

Diane F. Montgomery; Deborah Parks

2001-01-01

455

Supervision in Counseling II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Organizes components of counseling supervision by conceptualizing a framework for analyzing various models, assessing its applicability, and discussing results of the application. The 11 articles include several approaches and models of supervision, e.g., client-centered, cognitive-developmental, working alliance, rational-emotive therapy, social…

Bartlett, Willis, E., Ed.; And Others

1983-01-01

456

"Counseling" in Ophthalmology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The need to counsel patients with genetic ophthalmological problems is stressed in the article. Assessment of autosomal dominance or autosomal recessitivity in an individual is explained and sex-linked heredity is traced. Practical examples of genetic abnormalities, such as pigmentary retinopathy and chorodineremia, are discussed. (PHR)|

Francois, J.

1976-01-01

457

Stress and stress counselling.  

PubMed Central

This is a report by the 1989 National Association of Clinical Tutors Wyeth Travelling Fellow to the United States of America. The stresses of postgraduate training and attempts to modify these are described, including stress counselling. The significance of stress and the relevance of the findings for postgraduate training in the United Kingdom are considered.

Matheson, K. H.

1990-01-01

458

Outcomes in Pastoral Counselling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two techniques, Focusing and Christian contemplative meditation, used by pastoral counsellors to improve trust were examined in this outcome study. Instruments for trust, mood state, self-esteem, faith maturity and client satisfaction were administered before and after the counselling interventions. Twenty-four volunteers were assigned either to a Christian contemplative meditation (CCM), a Focusing, or a control group. Measurements were taken at

George L. Zimmerman; Augustine Meier

1999-01-01

459

Buddhism and Counselling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the relevance of the principles and practices of Buddhism to the field of counseling. As Buddhism espouses the notion of a productive and healthy life, it offers ways of dealing with problems and difficulties, and of improving psychological well-being. Cites examples of relevant Buddhist techniques and their application. (JPS)

de Silva, Padmal

1993-01-01

460

Counseling in the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter explores the future role of school counseling. It is noted that the student of the year 2021 should leave the K-12 system as an academically, socially, and psychologically balanced, civic-minded person ready to enter society and become a responsible, productive individual with basic skills in reading, writing, mathematics and thinking…

Dear, Joseph D.

461

Advisory Counseling for Librarians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The papers in the first section of this publication develop an understanding of the background, purpose and functions of advisory counseling in libraries. The purpose of the papers in the second section is to delineate the interrelationships of information transfer and meaning transfer and to lay out a background where flexibility can be…

Penland, Patrick R.

462

HIV and preconceptional counselling.  

PubMed

This article provides a general discussion of a variety of different features of HIV infection and the not widely accepted concept of preconception counseling. The focus is on testing, counseling and counselors, infertility clinics, promotion of awareness, attitudes to HIV testing, education, parameters for counseling, the risk of coitus and the value of contraceptive usage in the presence of HIV, accurate and understandable information, attitudes of children, legal significance, and the effect of disaster on the family and relationships. The author is concerned with the need to provide testing facilities, and prepregnancy testing. The risk of HIV infection adds to the importance of planned pregnancy and counseling in family planning and selecting appropriate methods. Informed and responsible decisions require adequate consideration of all the issues and information currently available. Preconceptual counseling clinics tend to be small in number, but the health care professionals serving the population in need must be well educated in the knowledge of obstetrics and the behavior of HIV infection/AIDS. Infertility clinics are one potential source of contact with those at high risk of HIV. A national campaign to emphasize the need to seek advice on family planning for those at risk of HIV is necessary in countries where HIV is widespread. Preconception counseling is possible only after there is awareness of risk of HIV infection and the risks of pregnancy. Confounding policies for testing and counseling are attitudes of politicians and officials which may reflect the general welfare rather than individual welfare or public opinion and attitudes of pressure groups which may not reflect the general welfare. 2 issues are of concern: that risk by accurately assessed, and terms like safe sex avoided. The following understandable information needs to be provided; a woman's risk with an HIV positive husband, a woman's pregnancy risk, a father's risk with an HIV infected partner, the fetal risk (estimated at 30%), prognosis for an infected child, the effect on family of having an infected child, possible cures/effective treatment in the future, the effect of relationships and parents work/life, the possibility of an orphaned child or loss of a parent, adverse effects of factors on pregnancy, the relevance of any treatment, and children's welfare with harmful parent lifestyles. Counselors must be aware of the influence of race, religion, class, and the pressures in prostitution for unprotected sex. Legal issues may arise between parent and child, or in counselor negligence. Caring for a handicapped child and the nature of discrimination against those with AIDs must be approached openmindedly. An informed decision must be an available option. PMID:12284244

Steele, S J

1991-01-01

463

The Importance of Ethical Training for the Improvement of Ethical Decision-Making: Evidence from Germany and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on three independent samples from Germany and the United States, this exploratory, cross-cultural study examines empirically the importance of ethical training for the improvement of ethical decision-making. The results of the study reveal a significant difference in the use of corporate codes of conduct and ethical training, as well as…

Rottig, Daniel; Heischmidt, Kenneth A.

2007-01-01

464

Environmental Ethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dr. Ron Epstein of San Francisco State University has compiled this comprehensive online source of information on environmental ethics. The site is simply presented, consisting of a straightforward menu of topics that link mostly to related external Web pages. Topics covered include environmental effects of war, genetic engineering, cloning, indigenous peoples, and much more. While some of the provided links appear to be duds, anyone interested in exploring the field of environmental ethics should find this convenient and well-organized collection of links useful.

2008-06-11

465

The forms and limits of medical ethics.  

PubMed

As medical ethics has evolved over the past several decades, it has come to be regarded as a domain of applied ethics, that is, the application of a rationally based, philosophical theory to moral problems in health care. But an array of difficulties arise in the attempt to apply general moral theories or norms to concrete problems, difficulties that expose the incompleteness and indeterminacy of philosophical moral theory. The doubtful ability of applied ethics to be practically helpful has led to the development of two main competitors. One is the attempt to reprise and rehabilitate the tradition of moral casuistry, which focuses on the analysis of specific cases rather than on the defense and application of theories and norms. The second is the search for moral insight and guidance in narratives or stories. These alternatives suffer from some of the same difficulties that plague applied ethics, however. Another trend in medical ethics rejects the theoretical preoccupation of applied ethics in favour of contextualism--an insistence on situating moral problems in institutional and organizational structures and in social and cultural backgrounds. Social science investigations of medical ethics pay attention to the former, while feminist critiques of medical ethics are concerned with exposing and eradicating cultural biases against women. Contemporary work in medical ethics is diverse, but these manifold approaches hold out the promise of improving our understanding of morality as a truly practical enterprise. PMID:7801153

Hoffmaster, B

1994-11-01

466

Forensic Ethics and Indirect Practice for the Rehabilitation Counselor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For nearly 50 years, the specialty area of forensics has emerged as an established practice setting in rehabilitation counseling, and it is predicted to be the fastest-growing area of practice in the profession. Reflecting the increased number of practitioners in the specialty, the revised "Code for Professional Ethics of Rehabilitation…

Barros-Bailey, Mary; Carlisle, Jeffrey; Blackwell, Terry L.

2010-01-01

467

Ethical Followers: A Link to Ethical Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholars and practitioners of ethical leadership need to give attention to both leaders and followers in the leadership process. This paper conceptualizes followers as active participants in the leadership process with central roles in ethical leadership. The author uses a four-component process of ethical decision-making to provide insights into the capabilities required for in order for followers to act ethically.

Gerri Perreault

1997-01-01

468

Why Ethical Consumers Don’t Walk Their Talk: Towards a Framework for Understanding the Gap Between the Ethical Purchase Intentions and Actual Buying Behaviour of Ethically Minded Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their ethical intentions, ethically minded consumers rarely purchase ethical products (Auger and Devinney: 2007, Journal of Business Ethics\\u000a 76, 361–383). This intentions–behaviour gap is important to researchers and industry, yet poorly understood (Belk et al.: 2005, Consumption, Markets and Culture\\u000a 8(3), 275–289). In order to push the understanding of ethical consumption forward, we draw on what is known about

Michal J. Carrington; Benjamin A. Neville; Gregory J. Whitwell

2010-01-01

469

EPER ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent agents are personified as epers, electronic personas. Epers can take on various roles as business representatives, financial agents, game players, teachers or civil servants. The ethical deployment of epers requires that they be accountable to their originators, who, in turn, are responsible to the cyberspace communities in which they are involved.Epers must maintain integrity of information, carry out tasks

Carol J. Orwant

1994-01-01

470

The Relationship between Demographic Variables and Ethical Decision Making of Trainee Accountants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of a range of demographic variables (gender, firm size, degree type, level of education, length of experience, age and work area) on ethical intentions, ethical judgement, perceived ethical intensity and perceived ethical culture. Cases containing information on four types of time pressure-induced auditor dysfunctional behaviours were distributed to trainee accountants attending a professional education programme

Bernard Pierce; Breda Sweeney

2010-01-01

471

Developing the Counselor as a Person and as a Professional: Attitudinal Changes in Core Counseling Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This quantitative pilot study examined changes in counseling students' professional attitudes in 3 master's-level core courses. Results indicated significantly more change occurred during an ethics course than during the other courses. Changes occurred in attitudes consistent with humanistic philosophy, including self-awareness, professional…

Coll, Kenneth M.; Doumas, Diana M.; Trotter, Ann; Freeman, Brenda J.

2013-01-01

472

Legal Issues in Marriage and Family Counseling. The ACA Legal Series. Volume 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph focuses on practical information and offers guidelines for professional counselors who practice marriage and family counseling. It discusses the importance of specialized training for professional counselors to ensure working ethically with couples and families, and it reviews divorce, child custody, and child abuse and neglect,…

Stevens-Smith, Patricia; Hughes, Marcia M.

473

Attachment Theory and Religiosity: A Summary of Empirical Research with Implications for Counseling Christian Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors summarize the growing body of empirical research literature in the area of psychology of religion that has been guided by attachment theory and indicate implications for counseling, including practical suggestions for case conceptualization, possible spiritual interventions, and ethical guidelines for practice. Attachment theory…

Reinert, Duane F.; Edwards, Carla E.; Hendrix, Rebecca R.

2009-01-01

474

Developing the Counselor as a Person and as a Professional: Attitudinal Changes in Core Counseling Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative pilot study examined changes in counseling students' professional attitudes in 3 master's-level core courses. Results indicated significantly more change occurred during an ethics course than during the other courses. Changes occurred in attitudes consistent with humanistic philosophy, including self-awareness, professional…

Coll, Kenneth M.; Doumas, Diana M.; Trotter, Ann; Freeman, Brenda J.

2013-01-01

475

Islamic work ethic: a critical review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a coherent but critical treatment of Islamic work ethic (IWE). It explores the nature of IWE in the context of cultural and political evolution and offers a cultural and religious perspective pertaining to organization and management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – It briefly investigates the economic and cultural conditions that facilitate the emergence

Abbas J. Ali; Abdullah Al-Owaihan

2008-01-01

476

Counselling women about choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patient choice—informed consent and informed refusal—is an important ethical and legal principle in medicine. In pregnancy this issue is not straightforward: should a pregnant woman's autonomous choice be respected when she may cause fetal harm by declining recommended caesarean section? Should a pregnant women be free to choose elective caesarean section as an alternative to labour and vaginal delivery? This

L. H. Harris

2001-01-01

477

Counseling Community Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

The training of lawyers for years has established ethical and practice protocols based upon an individual representation model, or, if the protocols contemplated a form of collective representation, they have envisioned formal, structured entities with powerful constituents. The good lawyers who represent the dispossessed, the exploited, and the powerless need to craft different protocols, ones which accept messier, less organized,

Paul R Tremblay

2010-01-01

478

Ethics in Japanese business environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

At first sight it is easy to understand that “ethics in business” is a field which aims at explaining problems of moral aspect which come up currently in the activity of economic agents from a market economy. Considering the cultural variety of moral values and principles lengthwise and crosswise the planet and, since the adopted policies led to many unacceptable

Caraiani Gheorghe; Madu?a Gyongyver

2007-01-01

479

Public perceptions of ethical issues regarding adult predictive genetic testing.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to explore the views of members of the general public regarding ethical issues in adult predictive genetic testing. The literature pertaining to ethical issues regarding to adult predictive genetic testing is largely restricted to the views of 'experts' who have emphasized informed consent, patent issues, and insurance discrimination. Occasionally the views of patients who have undergone genetic counselling and testing have been elicited, adding psychosocial and family issues. However, the general public has not had the opportunity to contribute. In order to explore theatre as a health policy research tool, 1,200 audience members attended the play 'Sarah's Daughters' in seven Canadian cities, following which audience discussions were audiotaped. This study performed a secondary qualitative analysis of the data to identify the ethical issues of adult predictive genetic testing important to members of the general public. The identified issues were: (1) need for public education; (2) choice to undergo genetic counselling and testing; (3) access to genetic counselling and testing; and (4) obligations regarding the handling of genetic information. Audience members emphasized public education and access to information regarding potential choices, which was different from the emphasis on informed consent and other ethical issues prominent in the literature. Members of the general public emphasized ethical issues that were different than those identified by experts and patients. It is essential that members of the public be included in complex and controversial public policy decisions. PMID:19288201

Martin, Douglas K; Greenwood, Heather L; Nisker, Jeff

2009-03-14

480

Physical activity habits of doctors and medical students influence their counselling practices.  

PubMed

Doctors are well positioned to provide physical activity (PA) counselling to patients. They are a respected source of health-related information and can provide continuing preventive counselling feedback and follow-up; they may have ethical obligations to prescribe PA. Several barriers to PA counselling exist, including insufficient training and motivation of doctors and improvable, personal PA habits. Rates of exercise counselling by doctors remain low; only 34% of US adults report exercise counselling at their last medical visit. In view of this gap, one of the US health objectives for 2010 is increasing the proportion of patients appropriately counselled about health behaviours, including exercise/PA. Research shows that clinical providers who themselves act on the advice they give provide better counselling and motivation of their patients to adopt such health advice. In summary, there is compelling evidence that the health of doctors matters and that doctors' own PA practices influence their clinical attitudes towards PA. Medical schools need to increase the proportion of students adopting and maintaining regular PA habits to increase the rates and quality of future PA counselling delivered by doctors. PMID:19019898

Lobelo, F; Duperly, J; Frank, E

2008-11-19

481

Ethical Ends and Ethical Means.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A scholar on legal ethics responds to criticism that his views on legal advocacy are morally neutral, arguing that his approach is client centered, emphasizing the lawyer's role in enhancing the client's autonomy as a free person in a free society. He argues that the lawyer's autonomy must be respected. (MSE)

Freedman, Monroe H.

1991-01-01

482

Ethics in Amos.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many have used the Bible to inform ethics, but I am not aware of a book in the Bible being studied and applied to military ethics. Christians in the military are more bound to Christian ethics than to military ethics, or any other ethical system. This pap...

R. Mosteller

1997-01-01

483

The Ethic of Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article proposes the concept of an ethic of community to complement and extend other ethical frames used in education e.g. the ethics of justice, critique, and care. Proceeding from the traditional definition of ethics as the study of moral duty and obligation, ethic of community is defined as the moral responsibility to engage in communal…

Furman, Gail C.

2004-01-01

484

Some Basics about Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion of ethics focuses on the role of human performance technology professionals in helping corporate ethicists. Highlights include definitions of ethics, morals, values, and business ethics; ethics in academia and in business; and application of the knowledge of ethics to decision-making. (Contains 18 references.) (LRW)|

Dean, Peter J.

1994-01-01

485

Effect of pre-test genetic counseling for deaf adults on knowledge of genetic testing.  

PubMed

Empirical data on genetic counseling outcomes in the deaf population are needed to better serve this population. This study was an examination of genetics knowledge before and after culturally and linguistically appropriate pre-test genetic counseling in a diverse deaf adult sample. Individuals ?18 years old with early-onset sensorineural deafness were offered connexin-26/30 testing and genetic counseling. Participants completed questionnaires containing 10 genetics knowledge items at baseline and following pre-test genetic counseling. The effects of genetic counseling, prior beliefs about etiology, and participant's preferred language on genetics knowledge scores were assessed (n?=?244). Pre-test genetic counseling (p?=?.0007), language (p?counseling and beliefs (p?=?.035) were predictors of genetics knowledge. American Sign Language (ASL)-users and participants with "non-genetic/unknown" prior beliefs had lower knowledge scores than English-users and participants with "genetic" prior beliefs, respectively. Genetics knowledge improved after genetic counseling regardless of participants' language; knowledge change was greater for the "non-genetic/unknown" beliefs group than the "genetic" beliefs group. ASL-users' lower knowledge scores are consistent with evidence that ethnic and cultural minority groups have less genetics knowledge, perhaps from exposure and access disparities. Culturally and linguistically appropriate pre-test genetic counseling significantly improved deaf individuals' genetics knowledge. Assessing deaf individuals' prior beliefs is important for enhancing genetics knowledge. PMID:21818696

Baldwin, Erin E; Boudreault, Patrick; Fox, Michelle; Sinsheimer, Janet S; Palmer, Christina G S

2011-08-05

486

Counseling for sterilization.  

PubMed

The standards of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) regarding the provision of sterilization services fail to deal with the need for professionally trained sterilization counselors to present the medical, social, and related information in a manner that prospective patients can understand and retain. Sterilization patients require counseling by a person who is competent, experienced, warm, and supportive of their decision. A good counselor will remain non-judgmental and objective. A counseling session with a prospective sterilization patient should have the following specific objectives: help the woman understand her feelings about birth control, pregnancy, abortion, and possible relationships between sexuality and reproductive capacity; help her understand her own reproductive anatomy and physiology; help her understand the sterilization procedure and what she can expect to experience; help her project her thoughts to the future to see if she can think of any life situation in which she might want to become pregnant; and fulfill the legal requirements for obtaining informed consent. The direction and consent of any interview will be influenced by several factors, such as marital status or lifestyle of the prospective candidate. The ideal situation for postpartum sterilization would include counseling and arrangements made long before the onset of labor. Specialized counseling is also valuable when delivery is to be by cesarean section, for in these instances a last minute change of plan is not possible. If female sterilization is to be performed under local anesthesia, the patient should be prepared for the possible discomfort or actual pain that might occur. The counselor also needs to be alert to indications of a special need for in-depth discussion. Such indications include the individual who has a physical, mental, or emotional condition that would be improved by sterilization. Any evidence of coercion should be regarded as a contraindication to sterilization. Those persons depending on possible reversal of sterilization require special attention, but old restrictions on voluntary sterilization based on age and parity should be discarded. A counselor is obligated to present the arguments against successful reversal in individual cases while making it clear that reversals are increasingly successful. Good counseling does much to eliminate regret or at least reduces it to an absolute minimum. PMID:7310766

Gonzales, B L

1981-10-01

487

Cultural Diversity in Nanotechnology Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Within the space of less than a decade, nanotechnology has emerged as a major technological theme not only across most of\\u000a the science and engineering disciplines, but also across most of the world, including in many developing countries in Asia,\\u000a South America, and Africa. Because they have identified great economic potential, or simply because they have not wanted to\\u000a lag

Joachim Schummer

488

45 CFR 618.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of appraisal and counseling materials. 618.425 Section 618...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION...of appraisal and counseling materials. (a) Counseling...of appraisal and counseling materials. A recipient that...

2009-10-01

489

Teaching Business Ethics in Africa: What Ethical Orientation? The Case of East and Central Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper starts off from what seems to be a difficulty of ethics in African Business today. For several years now Transparency International has placed some African countries high on its list of most corrupt countries of the world. The conclusion one draws from this assessment is that either African culture has no regard or concern for ethics, or that

Christine Wanjiru Gichure

2006-01-01

490

Framing, truth telling and the problem with non-directive counselling  

PubMed Central

In this paper several reasons as to why framing issues should be of greater interest to both medical ethicists and healthcare professionals are suggested: firstly, framing can help in explaining health behaviours that can, from the medical perspective, appear perverse; secondly, framing provides a way of describing the internal structure of ethical arguments; and thirdly, an understanding of framing issues can help in identifying clinical practices, such as non?directive counselling, which may, inadvertently, be failing to meet their own stated ethical aims. The effect of framing on how individuals interpret information and how healthcare choices are influenced by framing are described. Next, the role of framing in ethical discourse is discussed with specific reference to Judith Jarvis Thomson's philosophical mind experiment about abortion and the violinist. Finally, the implications of this analysis are examined for the practice of non?directive counselling, which aims at communicating information in a neutral, value?free way and thereby protecting patient autonomy.

Kirklin, D

2007-01-01

491

Counseling Older Persons: Careers, Retirement, Dying.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this monograph is on three areas of counseling with older clients: career counseling, retirement counseling, and counseling regarding death and dying. The portion on career counseling includes reasons older persons change careers, obstacles they are likely to face when seeking employment, myths surrounding the employability of older…

Sinick, Daniel

492

Ethical consideration.  

PubMed

The twofold distinction between interventions into the germ line and interventions into somatic cells on the one hand and between the treatment of diseases and enhancement on the other hand resulted in the concept of somatic gene therapy. There is a nearly unanimous agreement that somatic gene therapy has a high-ranking moral objective and uses methods that extend current techniques for treating diseases in a morally acceptable way. In its experimental phase principles of research ethics as the autonomy and the informed consent of the patient or the test person, a fair selection of test persons and a careful weighing of risks and benefits have to be taken into account and several specific points have to be considered. Experimental somatic gene therapy requires a positive vote of a competent and independent ethics committee. PMID:21590407

Fuchs, Michael

2011-01-01

493

College Counseling and Student Retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although it is commonly believed that college counseling positively affects student retention and further, that there are convincing data and evidence to support such a belief, an extensive literature search found no objective evidence at all on the relationship of a counseling center's conventional one-to-one counseling and therapy activities with short-term student retention. Two program evaluations which attempt to relate

Norman S Giddan; David M Levy; Ronald M Estroff; John C Cline; Erika B Altman; Karen A Isham; Steven J Weiss

1987-01-01

494

Ethical Profiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay will argue for ethical procedures governing criminal profiling. A model based upon psychological\\/behavioral data,\\u000a witness data, and forensic profiling data is sketched out. This model fits the legitimate uses of criminal profiling as an\\u000a investigation procedure. Racial profiling as a primary sorting factor does not fit the preferred model and has significant\\u000a downsides and so is rejected as

Michael Boylan

2011-01-01

495

Focus on Teaching: Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that business today is concerned with the translation and application of ethical principles into everyday business life. Offers a list of Web sites on ethics and business ethics at various colleges and universities. (SR)

Worley, Rebecca B.; Dyrud, Marilyn A.

1998-01-01

496

Focus on Teaching: Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that business today is concerned with the translation and application of ethical principles into everyday business life. Offers a list of Web sites on ethics and business ethics at various colleges and universities. (SR)|

Worley, Rebecca B.; Dyrud, Marilyn A.

1998-01-01

497

The Ethics Connection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University, the Ethics Connection demonstrates the power of the Web as an interactive information and communication medium. This site combines excellent content, form, and function to provide teachers, researchers, community leaders, and the public "with strategies to heighten ethical awareness and improve ethical decision making." The rich information resources at the Ethics Connection include an interactive forum for the discussion of ethical issues; an extensive collection of the latest news and publications on ethics, featuring the Markkula Center's own quarterly, Issues in Ethics; a collection of several case studies on ethics, which include message boards for visitors' comments; a Practicing Ethics section, offering numerous resources for day-to-day ethical decision making; and a compilation of 900 ethical links, all of which are categorized, rated, and reviewed.

498

Art Therapy with Native American Clients: Ethical and Professional Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly discusses how art therapists can best serve Native American populations. Sees contemporary Native Americans as product of both dominant culture and indigenous culture. Identifies ethical and professional issues that should be addressed with Native American clients. Highlights traditional healing, ethical and professional considerations,…

Dufrene, Phoebe M.; Coleman, Victoria D.

1994-01-01

499

Ethics in Global Business and in a Plural Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contemporary confluence of globalization and ethical pluralism is at the origin of many ethical challenges that confront business nowadays, both in practice and in theory. One of the challenges arising from the development of globalization has to do with respect for cultural diversity. It is often said that the success of economic globalization tends towards social and cultural homogeneity.

Ana Marta González

2003-01-01

500

Factors affecting the involvement of teachers in guidance and counselling as a whole-school approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores factors affecting the involvement of regular secondary school teachers in the whole-school approach to guidance and counselling by interviewing 12 secondary school teachers in Hong Kong. Emerging themes include teachers' ownership of their role in student guidance and counselling, the alignment of their disposition with education policies, school missions and culture, and their philosophy in education. Findings

Sarah K. Y. Lam; Eadaoin K. P. Hui

2010-01-01