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1

Ethical and Spiritual Values in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a compilation of articles previously published in the journal "Counseling and Values." The follwing articles are included: (1) "Ethics and Spirituality: The Prevailing Forces Influencing the Counseling Profession" (Judith Miranti, Mary Thomas Burke); (2) "Three Contributions of a Spiritual Perspective to Counseling,…

Burke, Mary Thomas, Ed.; Miranti, Judith G., Ed.

2

Peer Counselling Empowerment and Ethical Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer counselling empowerment entails specific considerations of the training process as peer counsellors. Specific issues related to such empowerment are discussed in light of the counselling profession. Subsequently, ethical considerations pertaining to peer counselling such as confidentiality, dual relationships, competency and vicarious…

Zakaria, Noor Syamilah

2007-01-01

3

The Ethics of Prayer in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spirituality has become increasingly important in counseling, with prayer being the spiritual intervention of choice for Christian counselors. The controversial nature of including prayer in counseling requires careful consideration of ethical issues. This article addresses the intersection of spiritual interventions, particularly prayer, with…

Weld, Chet; Eriksen, Karen

2007-01-01

4

Genetic Counseling: Ethical and Professional Role Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Genetic counseling assists people in identifying potential or manifest genetic problems, understanding their implications, making decisions about what course to follow, and working through psychological and social aspects as they affect individuals or couples. Four ethical principles and related ethical issues pertaining to autonomy, beneficence…

Witmer, J. Melvin; And Others

1986-01-01

5

76 FR 71449 - Reporting Line for the Commission's Ethics Counsel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Reporting Line for the Commission's Ethics Counsel AGENCY: Securities and Exchange...that the Commission's Office of the Ethics Counsel is now a stand-alone Office...and that the head of the Office, the Ethics Counsel, reports directly to the...

2011-11-18

6

Cultural Accommodation Model of Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current article provides an overview to the cultural accommodation model (CAM) of counseling (Leong & Lee, 2006) that may help guide employment counselors' work. The integrative multidimensional model of cross-cultural counseling (Leong, 1996), a precursor to the CAM, is also reviewed.

Leong, Frederick T. L.

2011-01-01

7

17 CFR 200.21a - The Ethics Counsel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false The Ethics Counsel. 200.21a Section 200...COMMISSION ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Organization...General Organization § 200.21a The Ethics Counsel. (a) The Ethics...

2013-04-01

8

17 CFR 200.21a - The Ethics Counsel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false The Ethics Counsel. 200.21a Section 200...COMMISSION ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Organization...General Organization § 200.21a The Ethics Counsel. (a) The Ethics...

2012-04-01

9

17 CFR 200.21a - The Ethics Counsel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false The Ethics Counsel. 200.21a Section 200...COMMISSION ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Organization...General Organization § 200.21a The Ethics Counsel. (a) The Ethics...

2011-04-01

10

17 CFR 200.21a - The Ethics Counsel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false The Ethics Counsel. 200.21a Section 200...COMMISSION ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Organization...General Organization § 200.21a The Ethics Counsel. (a) The Ethics...

2014-04-01

11

17 CFR 200.21a - The Ethics Counsel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false The Ethics Counsel. 200.21a Section 200...COMMISSION ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Organization...General Organization § 200.21a The Ethics Counsel. (a) The Ethics...

2010-04-01

12

School Counseling Principles: Ethics and Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practical guide will sensitize the professional school counselor to legal and ethical issues involved in working with minors in school settings. Using a case study approach and more than 100 cases representing school counselors daily dilemmas, chapters help the reader connect the reality of school counseling to critical federal and state…

Stone, Carolyn

2006-01-01

13

Conversion Therapy: Ethical Considerations in Family Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the ethical and practical considerations of conversion therapy when counseling families and individuals within families with gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transsexual concerns. Emphasis is placed on the need for counselors to assess personal biases in the area of working with sexual minorities. Presents a reflective exercise and case study…

Steigerwald, Fran; Janson, Gregory R.

2003-01-01

14

Virtue Ethics in School Counseling: A Framework for Decision Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtue ethics focus on the motives that guide ethical decision making and action, and as such, are critical to the competent application of the counseling profession's ethical codes. Knowledge of virtue ethics deepens understanding of moral responsibilities and ethical reasoning in professional practice. This paper is an overview of virtue ethics

Wilczenski, Felicia L.; Cook, Amy L.

2011-01-01

15

Ethical Beliefs and Behaviors of College Counseling Center Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined perception of ethicalness of some common beliefs, frequency of ethical behaviors, and agreement between ethical beliefs and behavior of college counseling center personnel (n=137). Results of the national survey identified areas in which staff were practicing in an ethical fashion and areas in which staff may need clarification of ethical

Sherry, Patrick; And Others

1991-01-01

16

Kitchener's Principle Ethics: Implications for Counseling Practice and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This extensive literature review examining the influence of K. S. Kitchener's (1984) introduction of principle ethics on counseling and psychology ethics notes the ultimate practicality of principle ethics. The authors maintain that although a strong influence of principle ethics in the area of counselor education emerges through the review, there…

Urofsky, Robert I.; Engels, Dennis W.; Engebretson, Ken

2008-01-01

17

Towards ethical decision-making in counselling research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the process of ethical decision-making in counselling research and asks the question: after following ethical guidelines, reviewing ethical principles and consulting codes of practice, to what extent is our decision-making based on intuitive thinking? The paper begins by examining Kitchener's model of ethical justification and the ethical principles upon which it rests. Bond's approach to ethical problem-solving

Maggie Robson; Peter Cook; Kathy Hunt; Geof Alred; Dave Robson

2000-01-01

18

The Use of Bookmarks in Teaching Counseling Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article includes a description of the bookmark as a creative arts experiential strategy useful in teaching counseling ethics education. Three bookmark examples illustrate how counselors-in-training utilized bookmarks to conceptualize their counseling ethics understanding. Illustrations and written feedback from the counselors-in-training…

Warren, Jane; Zavaschi, Guilherme; Covello, Christin; Zakaria, Noor Syamilah

2012-01-01

19

The "ACA Code of Ethics": Articulating Counseling's Professional Covenant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "ACA Code of Ethics" (American Counseling Association, 2005) is an articulation of the ever-changing relationship between counseling professionals and society. It provides clear parameters of behaviors to meet the changing needs of the people counselors are called to serve. This article reviews the 2005 "Code" as both a statement of counselor…

Ponton, Richard F.; Duba, Jill D.

2009-01-01

20

A New BSCS Project: Ethical Issues in Genetic Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is the BSCS Center for Education and Medical Genetics project, designed to examine the treatment of ethical issues in the genetic counseling process and to develop and evaluate a model instructional program from increasing the ability of genetic counselors to recognize and deal with ethical problems. (Author/DS)

Biological Sciences Curriculum Study Journal, 1980

1980-01-01

21

Cultural and Diversity Issues in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling has been culturally diversified for a long time, but only in recent years have counselors become aware of their clients' cultural diversity. This collection of articles addresses a growing need for specific information on multicultural concerns in counseling. The emphasis here is on the importance of the client and client's special…

Pedersen, Paul B., Ed.; Locke, Don C., Ed.

22

Cross-Cultural Contact in Counseling Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the importance of cross-cultural contact in the development of multicultural counseling competencies (MCCs). Results reveal that the greater the prior cross-cultural life experience, the higher were students' MCCs measured at the beginning of a multicultural counseling course. MCCs measured at the end of the course were significantly…

Diaz-Lazaro, Carlos M.; Cohen, B. Beth

2001-01-01

23

Extending Counseling Cross-Culturally: Invisible Barriers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to develop competence in cross-cultural counseling, awareness of one's own culture must be developed. To survive, cultures incorporate both obvious mechanisms, like a distinctive language, and less obvious mechanisms, like patterns of thought. Culture acts as an invisible veil which prevents us from being aware of the cultural filters…

Lauver, Philip J.

24

Using Art in Counseling: Ethical Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various mental-health professionals use drawings and other art in therapy, but relatively little has been written on the ethics surrounding this technique. Should artwork be viewed as equivalent to verbal communication? A variety of ethical issues including confidentiality, documentation, ownership, research, publication, and display of work are…

Hammond, Lynn C.; Gantt, Linda

1998-01-01

25

Ethical Issues in Counseling Adult Survivors of Incest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse raises ethical issues which include maintaining client confidentiality when the situations have been both immoral and illegal or working with survivors without appropriate training. Principles such as autonomy, fidelity, justice, beneficence and nonmaleficence, and self-interest are examined, as…

Daniluk, Judith C. and Haverkamp, Beth E.

1993-01-01

26

Culture, Ethics, Scripts, and Gifts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses gift-giving patterns in different cultures, particularly in relation to teacher-student interactions in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction. Situations in which gift-giving can raise ethical questions and how to teach culturally diverse students about this issue are highlighted. Script theory provides a theoretical basis for…

Messerschmitt, Dorothy; Hafernik, Johnnie Johnson; Vandrick, Stephanie

1997-01-01

27

Family Counseling: Cultural Sensitivity, Relativism, and the Cultural Defense.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural sensitivity, cultural relativism, and the cultural defense are defined and described. Each concept is addressed in terms of its relationship to couple and family counseling. The role of counselor must be broadened and deepened to include the role of cultural broker. (Author/EMK)

May, Kathleen M.

1998-01-01

28

Cultural and Ethical Relativism  

Microsoft Academic Search

American .businesspeople have become increasingly aware of cultural differences and are strivinp to be sensitive to those differences. As businesspeople are more wdling to adopt other cultures' customs, must the also ado t other cultures' values? The r P question of where the rea m of socia customs end and values begin is a difficult one, but it cannot be

Susan P. Ravenscroft; George S. Clark

1991-01-01

29

Cultural and Ethical Issues in Working with Culturally Diverse Patients  

E-print Network

1960s the NASW Code of Ethics has had an anti-discrimi- nation section, and in last ten years there has been much stress on cul- tural competent practice. In the most recent Code of Ethics social workersCultural and Ethical Issues in Working with Culturally Diverse Patients and Their Families: The Use

Arizona, University of

30

Organizational culture and ethical research behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author examines, in the context of Wallach’s (1983) conceptualization, the influence of bureaucratic, supportive, and\\u000a innovative cultural dimensions on marketing research professionals’ reported ethical research behavior. The results indicate\\u000a that marketing research professionals in organizations of bureaucratic-innovative-supportive culture reflect the highest reported\\u000a research ethics behavior, followed by those in organizations of innovative-supportive and bureaucratic-only cultures, respectively.

Ishmael P. Akaah

1993-01-01

31

Counseling in the Culture Cycle: Feeling or Reason?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in the student subculture are seen as changes from affective predominance to cognitive predominance. The article examines the implications these changes have for counseling and counseling techniques, i.e., that the counselor is a translator of one cultural style to the other, and his tools are different in an affectively based culture from…

Mills, David H.

1971-01-01

32

The Use of Touch in Counseling: An Ethical Decision-Making Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although some counselors have advocated for the limited use of touch in counseling, others have argued that touch has no place within the counseling relationship. Despite the controversy, the use of touch has been shown to have a number of therapeutic benefits; however, there are few ethical decision-making models that are appropriate for…

Calmes, Stephanie A.; Piazza, Nick J.; Laux, John M.

2013-01-01

33

Ethical Issues Associated with Information and Communication Technology in Counseling and Guidance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 50 years, literature on the use of information and communication technology in counseling and guidance has presented ethical issues related to the development and use of technologies in practice. This paper reviews the ethical issues raised, organizing them into three categories: Social equity, resources, and services. Career…

Sampson, James P., Jr.; Makela, Julia Panke

2014-01-01

34

Culturally Sensitive Counseling for Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a constellation of considerations for counselors dealing with Asian American/Pacific Islander clients. In order to provide culturally sensitive counseling, counselors need to know and respect the traditional values of the particular ethnic group. Beyond this, the counseling process may be enhanced by attention to other salient factors…

Schoen, Alexis Ann

2005-01-01

35

Social and Cultural Context of Intercultural Counselling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that successful intercultural counseling depends on how well the counselor understands the social contextual factors surrounding the interaction. Discusses how intercultural counseling is a collaborative process, the success of which depends on how well the counselor and clients coordinate their communication on process and content.…

Peavy, R. Vance; Li, Han Z.

2003-01-01

36

Cultural Considerations in Counseling Couples Who Experience Infertility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infertility creates challenges affecting various aspects of couples' intimate lives. Practices regarding reproduction are often shaped by cultural messages. Culturally sensitive treatment methods help counselors provide effective therapy to couples with fertility problems. This article describes cultural influences, challenges, and counseling

Burnett, Judith A.

2009-01-01

37

Ethics are local: Engaging cross-cultural variation in the ethics for clinical research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relatively little consideration has heretofore been given to the interaction between Western clinical research ethics and non-Western ethical expectations. How should any conflict that might arise when a biomedical investigator and a research subject come from different cultural settings and have different ethical expectations be addressed? Which ethics should govern such trans-cultural clinical research? The answers to these questions are

Nicholas A. Christakis

1992-01-01

38

Ethics and the Use of Technology in Rehabilitation Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standards for technology ethics were first introduced into the "Code of Professional Ethics for Rehabilitation Counselors" in 2002. Since that time, the proliferation of technology has enhanced practice, changed the American vernacular, and become infused in the delivery of services to and teaching of individuals, families, and groups. The 2010…

Barros-Bailey, Mary; Saunders, Jodi L.

2010-01-01

39

Culturally Sensitive Health Care and Counseling Psychology: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces the Major Contribution, which focuses on counseling psychologists' roles in addressing health disparities through culturally sensitive health care research and interventions. First, the authors provide a rationale for conducting research focused on culturally sensitive health care and then offer definitions of…

Herman, Keith C.; Tucker, Carolyn M.; Ferdinand, Lisa A.; Mirsu-Paun, Anca; Hasan, Nadia T.; Beato, Cristina

2007-01-01

40

Assessing and Promoting Cultural Relativism in Students of Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multicultural counseling is often promoted as a core element in counselor development. As such, educational efforts aim to increase counselors' cultural relativism, or their ability to recognize their own enculturation and to appreciate the value of other cultural norms. This mixed qualitative-quantitative study explored the relationship between…

Mcauliffe, Garrett John; Grothaus, Tim; Jensen, Margaret; Michel, Rebecca

2012-01-01

41

Effects of organizational ethical culture on the ethical decisions of tax practitioners in mainland China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of organizational ethical culture on the ethical decisions of tax practitioners in mainland China. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study is based on a field survey of practicing public accountants. Findings – As hypothesized, certain dimensions of ethical culture had highly significant effects on intentions to engage in aggressive tax

William E. Shafer; Richard S. Simmons

2011-01-01

42

Legal and Ethical Implications of Refusing to Counsel Homosexual Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, a federal appeals court upheld the job termination of a counselor who requested being excused from counseling a lesbian client on relationship issues because homosexuality conflicted with the counselor's religious beliefs ("Bruff v. North Mississippi Health Services, Inc.," 2001). This article provides the facts of the case and the legal…

Hermann, Mary A.; Herlihy, Barbara Richter

2006-01-01

43

Should Universalism Trump Cultural Relativism in Counseling?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain cultural customs and practices are viewed as abhorrent by many people, yet contemporary American counselors rarely criticize any specific culture. In this article, the authors explore why counselors abstain from such criticism. Furthermore, the authors demonstrate that universalism, often regarded as a politically incorrect and an…

Kinnier, Richard T.; Dixon, Andrea L.; Barratt, Tyler M.; Moyer, Erika L.

2008-01-01

44

Canadian University Ethics Review: Cultural Complications Translating Principles into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from educational research conducted in Canada and Mexico, university researchers explore how culture complicates both the ethics review process and the translation of ethical research principles into practice. University researchers in Canadian contexts seek approval from university Research Ethics Boards to conduct research, following…

Tilley, Susan; Gormley, Louise

2007-01-01

45

Cultural Safety: Towards Postcolonial Counselling Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the discursive production of counsellor identity and practice through the operations of colonising and postcolonial discourse in Aotearoa New Zealand. It argues that constructs of cultural safety, tino rangatiratanga and Maori sovereignty, which arose as part of the postcolonial politics of life in Aotearoa, have achieved…

Crocket, Alastair

2012-01-01

46

Ethical considerations when counseling patients about stem cell tourism.  

PubMed

Worldwide, many clinics market stem-cell based interventions often touted as effective for many diseases including spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis (MS), and other neurodegenerative diseases. These clinics and their expensive, unproven treatments continue to fuel the practice of stem cell tourism. Given concerns about patient exploitation and safety, how should the physician engage a patient who wants to pursue such treatments? This article presents the case of a patient with neuromyelitis optica interested in pursuing expensive stem cell injections abroad. This article describes stem cell tourism along with some of the ethical issues physicians should consider, while also providing practical resources that physicians may employ to educate and engage patients in making an informed decision. PMID:25651226

Tsou, Amy

2015-02-01

47

Enron Ethics (Or: Culture Matters More than Codes)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes and discusses the Enron Corporation debacle. The paper presents the business ethics background and leadership mechanisms affecting Enron's collapse and eventual bankruptcy. Through a systematic analysis of the organizational culture at Enron (following Schein's frame of reference) the paper demonstrates how the company's culture had profound effects on the ethics of its employees.

Ronald R. Sims; Johannes Brinkmann

2003-01-01

48

Ethics of infant relinquishment, cultural considerations, and obstetric conveniences.  

PubMed

Ethical issues relating to infant relinquishment, caring for culturally diverse women, the importance of shared power between women and their caregivers, and the provision of evidence-based practice versus reliance on obstetric conveniences are addressed in this article. Respectful care of women relinquishing their infants including use of appropriate language demonstrates moral and ethical nursing practice; providing cultural competent care of multilinguistic, multicultural, and multiethnic childbearing women and their families is an ethical imperative. Nurses practicing ethically will foster adoption of best practices on perinatal and neonatal units, and generate a clearly articulated vision of woman and family centered organizational culture. In ethical terms, this demonstrates respect for others as well as beneficence. Promoting the use of ethical nursing practice and evidence-based practice requires that nurses identify change agents, those who are champions and facilitators of evidence-based practice, and then reward such innovators and make sure that clinical guidelines be developed based on best practices. PMID:21389876

Callister, Lynn Clark

2011-01-01

49

The effects of culture on ethical decision-making: An application of Hofstede's typology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses a significant gap in the conceptualization of business ethics within different cultural influences. Though theoretical models of business ethics have recognized the importance of culture in ethical decision-making, few have examinedhow this influences ethical decision-making. Therefore, this paper develops propositions concerning the influence of various cultural dimensions on ethical decision-making using Hofstede's typology.

Scott J. Vitell; Saviour L. Nwachukwu; James H. Barnes

1993-01-01

50

Respect for cultural diversity in bioethics is an ethical imperative  

PubMed Central

The field of bioethics continues to struggle with the problem of cultural diversity: can universal principles guide ethical decision making, regardless of the culture in which those decisions take place? Or should bioethical principles be derived from the moral traditions of local cultures? Ten Have and Gordijn (2011) and Bracanovic (2011) defend the universalist position, arguing that respect for cultural diversity in matters ethical will lead to a dangerous cultural relativity where vulnerable patients and research subjects will be harmed. We challenge the premises of moral universalism, showing how this approach imports and imposes moral notions of Western society and leads to harm in non-western cultures. PMID:22955969

Chattopadhyay, Subrata; De Vries, Raymond

2012-01-01

51

Developing Cross Cultural Competence: Applying Development and Prevention Ideals to Counseling Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As counselors turn their attention to child-based counseling, there is a need to apply the core tenets of the discipline of counseling to young children and incorporate cross-cultural issues into clinical competence. Using Multicultural Counseling Theory (MCT), the authors discuss conventional approaches to providing clinical interventions for…

Wolfgang, Jeff; Frazier, Kimberly; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Barrett, Joe

2011-01-01

52

Ethical Issues in Cross-Cultural Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The gap between theoretical expectations of research ethics as outlined in the bureaucratic processes associated with University Ethics Committees and the situated realities of students undertaking studies within their own sociocultural contexts is explored in this paper. In particular, the authors investigate differences in ethical norms and…

Honan, Eileen; Hamid, M. Obaidul; Alhamdan, Bandar; Phommalangsy, Phouvanh; Lingard, Bob

2013-01-01

53

Cross-Cultural Counseling. A Guide for Nutrition and Health Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States is a land of people with diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds. There will be a time when every counselor is called on to serve clients from a culture different from his or her own. This guide promotes awareness of cross-cultural counseling problems, and provides information for counseling clients with different beliefs,…

Schilling, Brenda; And Others

54

The Cross-Cultural Relevance of Person-Centered Counseling in Postapartheid South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizes the need for effective cross-cultural counseling in South Africa against the background of the country's sociocultural context. The characteristics of person-centered counseling that make it cross-culturally suitable in the South African situation are discussed. The ways in which specific cross-cultural obstacles can be overcome by…

Spangenberg, Judora J.

2003-01-01

55

Prenatal genetic counseling in cross-cultural medicine  

PubMed Central

Abstract OBJECTIVE To help family physicians practise effective genetic counseling and offer practical strategies for cross-cultural communication in the context of prenatal genetic counseling. SOURCES OF INFORMATION PubMed and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched. Most evidence was level II and some was level III. MAIN MESSAGE The values and beliefs of practitioners, no less than those of patients, are shaped by culture. In promoting a patient’s best interest, the assumptions of both the patient and the provider must be held up for examination and discussed in the attempt to arrive at a consensus. Through the explicit discussion and formation of trust, the health professionals, patients, and family members who are involved can develop a shared understanding of appropriate therapeutic goals and methods. CONCLUSION Reflecting on the cultural nature of biomedicine’s ideas about risk, disability, and normality helps us to realize that there are many valid interpretations of what is in a patient’s best interest. Self-reflection helps to ensure that respectful communication with the specific family and patient is the basis for health care decisions. Overall, this helps to improve the quality of care. PMID:20944039

Bhogal, Ashvinder K.; Brunger, Fern

2010-01-01

56

The Influence of Corporate Culture on Managerial Ethical Judgments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contention that organizational culture influences ethical decision making is not disputable. However, the extent to which it influences ethical decision making in the workplace is a topic for scholarly debate and investigation. There are scholars who argue that, though corporate values are a powerful force in explaining the behavior of individuals and groups within organizations, these values are unperceived,

Saviour L. S. Nwachukwu; Scott J. Vitell

1997-01-01

57

Beyond Cultural Relativism: An Ecological Model for Rhetorical Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model intended to overcome the cultural relativism of determining what is an ethical act draws an analogy to environmental studies. Beginning with the concepts of "telos" (final purpose) and "archai" (priority), the notion of an ecosystem of ethics avoids limitation to a particular historical definition of good. Since the telos of human life is…

Mackin, Jim

58

Universalism and cultural relativism in social work ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

EnglishGiven globalization and increasing multiculturalism, growing numbers of social workers face the challenges of respecting culture while upholding professional ethics. This article examines the perspectives of universalism and cultural relativism as applied to ethical decision-making in social work. A moderately universalist stance is recommended for social work, as valuing both diversity and human rights.FrenchFace à la mondialisation et à l'augmentation

Lynne M. Healy

2007-01-01

59

Business ethics across cultures: A social cognitive model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a social cognitive model that identifies, defines and relates key comprehensive factors that impact on business ethical standards and conduct across cultures. In particular, national cultures serve as the social foundation for generating and shaping in a triadically interacting manner institutional, organizational, and personal factors. The model predicts that these three antecedent factors combine to influence the

Alexander D. Stajkovic; Fred Luthans

1997-01-01

60

Respect for cultural diversity in bioethics is an ethical imperative.  

PubMed

The field of bioethics continues to struggle with the problem of cultural diversity: can universal principles guide ethical decision making, regardless of the culture in which those decisions take place? Or should bioethical principles be derived from the moral traditions of local cultures? Ten Have and Gordijn (Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14:1-3, 2011) and Bracanovic (Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14:229-236, 2011) defend the universalist position, arguing that respect for cultural diversity in matters ethical will lead to a dangerous cultural relativity where vulnerable patients and research subjects will be harmed. We challenge the premises of moral universalism, showing how this approach imports and imposes moral notions of Western society and leads to harm in non-western cultures. PMID:22955969

Chattopadhyay, Subrata; De Vries, Raymond

2013-11-01

61

Business ethics and job-related constructs: A cross-cultural comparison of automotive salespeople  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a number of articles have addressed ethical perceptions and behaviors, few studies have examined ethics across cultures. This research focuses on measuring the job satisfaction, customer orientation, ethics, and ethical training of automotive salespersons in the U.S. and Taiwan. The relationships of these variables to salesperson performance were also investigated. Ethics training was found to be negatively related to

Earl D. Honeycutt; Judy A. Siguaw; Tammy G. Hunt

1995-01-01

62

counselling counselling  

E-print Network

health and counselling services counselling counselling health promotion physiotherapy health clinic communicationskillsforcouples(intro) the goal of this exercise is to promote communication students.sfu.ca/health counselling #12;

63

The relationship between culture and perception of ethical problems in international Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study sought to identify whether there is a relationship between ethical perceptions and culture. An examination of the cultural variables suggests that there is a relationship between two of Hofstede's cultural dimensions (i.e., Uncertainty Avoidance and Individualism) and ethical perceptions. This finding supports the hypothetical linkage between the cultural environment and the perceived ethical problem variables posited in

Robert W. Armstrong

1996-01-01

64

Chinese Confucian culture and the medical ethical tradition.  

PubMed Central

The Confucian culture, rich in its contents and great in its significance, exerted on the thinking, culture and political life of ancient China immense influences, unparalleled by any other school of thought or culture. Confucian theories on morality and ethics, with 'goodness' as the core and 'rites' as the norm, served as the 'key notes' of the traditional medical ethics of China. The viewpoints of Confucianism on benevolence and material interests, on good and evil, on kindheartedness, and on character cultivation were all inherited by the medical workers and thus became prominent in Chinese traditional medical ethics. Hence, it is clear that the medical profession and Confucianism have long shared common goals in terms of ethics. Influenced by the excellent Confucian thinking and culture, a rather highly-developed system of Chinese traditional medical ethics emerged with a well-defined basic content, and the system has been followed and amended by medical professionals of all generations throughout Chinese history. This system, just to mention briefly, contains concepts such as the need: to attach great importance to the value of life; to do one's best to rescue the dying and to heal the wounded; to show concern to those who suffer from diseases; to practise medicine with honesty; to study medical skills painstakingly; to oppose a careless style of work; to comfort oneself in a dignified manner; to respect local customs and to be polite; to treat patients, noble or humble, equally, and to respect the academic achievements of others, etc. Of course, at the same time, Confucian culture has its own historical and class limitations, which exerted negative influences on traditional medical ethics. Now, if we are to keep up with the development of modern medicine, a serious topic must be addressed. That is how to retain the essence of our traditional medical ethics so as to maintain historic continuity and yet, at the same time, add on the new contents of medical ethics so as to incorporate modern features into our system. Therefore, when trying to reform medical practice in China, we are faced with the urgent need to inherit and promulgate the essence of Confucian ethics--discarding its obsolete concepts--while at the same time building up the new medical ethics that can meet the requirements of the outside world and the future. PMID:7473645

Guo, Z

1995-01-01

65

A Counselling Model for Young Women in the United Arab Emirates: Cultural Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although all modalities of therapy work equally well, some models are better suited to work with specific populations. This article outlines a rationale for a counselling model used for female college students in the United Arab Emirates where the concept of counselling is not well known, and where the social and cultural organizations demand a…

Lambert, Louise

2008-01-01

66

Cultural Effects on Business Students' Ethical Decisions: A Chinese versus American Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used a corporate code of ethics to create 18 scenarios for examining cultural effects on ethical decisions of Chinese versus American business students. Four cultural differences were hypothesized to contribute to overall less ethical decisions of Chinese students. The results support the hypothesis and indicate strong cultural effects…

Li, Sherry F.; Persons, Obeua S.

2011-01-01

67

Information related to prenatal genetic counseling: interpretation by adolescents, effects on risk perception and ethical implications.  

PubMed

Being raised in the genomic era may not only increase knowledge of available genetic testing but may also have an impact on how genetic information is perceived. However, little is known about how current adolescents react to the language commonly used by health care professionals providing prenatal counseling. In addition, as risk communication is related to numbers and figures, having different educational backgrounds may be associated with variability in risk perceptions. In order to investigate these issues, a previously developed questionnaire studying different ways of being told about hypothetical anomalies in a baby and corresponding risks (Abramsky and Fletcher Prenatal Diagnosis 22(13):1188-1194, 2002) was administered to high-school students in Sweden. A total of 344 questionnaires were completed by students belonging to a natural science or a social science program. The data show that teenage participants found technical jargon and words such as rare and abnormal more worrying than the presented comparison terms. Negative framing effects and perception differences related to numeric risk formats were also present. Additionally, participants' gender and educational program did not seem to have an effect on risk assessment. In addition to reporting the questionnaire results, we discuss the ethical implications of the data based on the norm of non-directiveness and make some recommendations for practice. In general, genetic counselors should be aware that the language used within clinical services can be influential on this group of upcoming counselees. PMID:22037899

Melas, Philippe A; Georgsson Öhman, Susanne; Juth, Niklas; Bui, The-Hung

2012-08-01

68

Can't we all just get along: Cultural variables in codes of ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical issues in the practice of public relations become increasingly complex when international borders are crossed. Differences in what “counts” as public relations as well as what “counts” as ethical practice abound. Rather than taking the position that a specific, “objective” code of ethics can be developed or arguing that cultural diversity makes ethical standards impossible, this paper argues that

Nancy L. Roth; Todd Hunt; Maria Stavropoulos; Karen Babik

1996-01-01

69

A Comparative Study Of Ethical Values Of Business Students: American Vs. Middle Eastern Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business schools must prepare students to face the world and yet maintain strong ethical convictions. The question of ethics in the business environment is not exclusive to the United States. Ethical business behavior is a multinational issue, and all business schools world-wide must deal with this issue. However, cultural differences often define acceptable ethical behavior. For example, the acceptable amount

Michael Shurden; Douglass Cagwin

70

A cross-cultural comparison of nurses' ethical concerns.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to compare Swedish and Chinese nurses' experiences of ethical dilemmas and workplace distress in order to deepen understanding of the challenges neuroscience nurses encounter in different cultures. Qualitative interviews from two previously performed empirical studies in Sweden and China were the basis of this comparative study. Four common content areas were identified in both studies: ethical dilemmas, workplace distress, quality of nursing and managing distress. The themes formulated within each content area were compared and synthesized into novel constellations by means of aggregated concept analysis. Despite wide differences in the two health care systems, the nurse participants had similar experiences with regard to work stress and a demanding work situation. They were struggling with similar ethical dilemmas, which concerned seriously ill patients and the possibilities of providing good care. This indicates the importance of providing nurses with the tools to influence their own work situation and thereby reducing their work-related stress. PMID:18849365

Wadensten, Barbro; Wenneberg, Stig; Silén, Marit; Ping Fen Tang; Ahlström, Gerd

2008-11-01

71

Guidelines and Strategies for Cross-Cultural Counseling with Korean American Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 3 major topics discussed begin with a recommendation of family counseling as the primary therapeutic modality for Korean Americans. Second, the article recommends various culturally congruent joining strategies, presented in 5 general groups. The 3rd major section of the article offers the cross-cultural counselor strategies for therapeutic…

Kim, Yea Sun Eum

2005-01-01

72

A Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Assessment and Career Counseling with Asian American Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the cultural formulations approach to career assessment and career counseling, the current article applies it specifically to Asian American clients. The approach is illustrated by using the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" fourth edition ("DSM-IV") Outline for Cultural Formulations that consists of the following five…

Leong, Frederick T. L.; Hardin, Erin E.; Gupta, Arpana

2010-01-01

73

An examination of the ethical beliefs of managers using selected scenarios in a cross-cultural environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic literature addressing the topic of business ethics has paid little attention to cross-cultural studies of business ethics. Uncertainty exists concerning the effect of culture on ethical beliefs. The purpose of this research is to compare the ethical beliefs of managers operating in South Africa and Australia. Responses of 52 managers to a series of ethical scenarios were sought. Results

Russell Abratt; Deon Nel; Nicola Susan Higgs

1992-01-01

74

History, Research, and Counseling Implications of Cultural Socialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of transracial adoptions in the United States, particularly international adoptions, is increasing annually. Counseling psychology as a profession, however, is a relatively silent voice in the research on and practice of transracial adoption. This article presents an overview of the history and research on transracial adoption to inform coun- seling psychologists of the set of racial and ethnic

Richard M. Lee

75

Teaching ethics: when respect for autonomy and cultural sensitivity collide.  

PubMed

Respect for autonomy is a key ethical principle. However, in some cultures other moral domains such as community (emphasizing the importance of family roles) and sanctity (emphasizing the sacred and the spiritual side of human nature) hold equal value. Thus, an American physician may sometimes perceive a conflict between the desire to practice ethically and the wish to be sensitive to the mores of other cultures. For example, a woman may appear to be making what the physician thinks is a bad clinical choice because her spouse is speaking on her behalf. That physician may find it difficult to reconcile the sense that the patient had not exercised freely her autonomy with the desire to be culturally sensitive. In this article, the means by which a physician can reconcile respect for other cultures with respect for autonomy is explored. The question of whether physicians must always defer to patients' requests solely because they are couched in the language of cultural sensitivity is also addressed. PMID:24176896

Minkoff, Howard

2014-04-01

76

Practical strategies for providing culturally sensitive, ethical care in developing nations.  

PubMed

Providing health care in developing nations results in cultural and ethical challenges for health care professionals. The authors' intent is to raise readers' awareness of how to maintain an ethical and culturally sensitive approach to practice in developing nations. Four practical approaches to ethical decision-making, developed from the literature and praxis, in conjunction with traditional moral theory and guidelines from professional and international organizations are discussed. Ethical multiculturalism, a view that combines universalism and multiculturalism undergirds culturally appropriate and ethically responsive decisions. PMID:17202532

Crigger, Nancy J; Holcomb, Lygia

2007-01-01

77

Library Ethics: An Aspirational and Culturally Sensitive Alternative to Its Commandments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural diversity raises dilemmas for the library profession, some of which are difficult to resolve on the basis of its absolutist ethical prescriptions. Psychological studies of class, cultural, and gender differences in moral reasoning support a professional ethics based upon care and cultural sensitivity, instead of universal and obligatory…

Spivey, Mark A.

78

A Comparative Study of Ethical Values of Business Students: American vs. Middle Eastern Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business schools must prepare students to face the world and yet maintain strong ethical convictions. The question of ethics in the business environment is not exclusive to the United States. Ethical business behavior is a multinational issue, and all business schools world-wide must deal with this issue. However, cultural differences often define…

Shurden, Michael; Shurden, Susan; Cagwin, Douglass

2008-01-01

79

Enhancing Reflective Practice in Multicultural Counseling through Cultural Auditing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors work in an increasingly complex cultural milieu where every encounter with a client must be considered multicultural in nature. Reflective practice is a central component of professional competence and necessarily involves attention to culture. The cultural auditing model provides an effective and flexible reflective process for…

Collins, Sandra; Arthur, Nancy; Wong-Wylie, Gina

2010-01-01

80

A Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Counseling with International Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career counselors are challenged to consider the cultural validity of the theories and models that guide their practice. The cultural formulation approach is proposed as an organizing framework for career counselors to consider cultural influences on their clients' career issues, related interventions, and the working alliance. The discussion…

Arthur, Nancy; Popadiuk, Natalee

2010-01-01

81

Intrafamilial Separations in the Immigrant Family: Implications for Cross-Cultural Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a structural family-therapy (SFT) approach combined with the paradigm of acculturation to increase counselors' sensitivity to immigrant families whose members arrive at different times. The focus is on those families in which parents have preceded children in the immigration experience. Provides culturally sensitive counseling strategies…

Sciarra, Daniel T.

1999-01-01

82

Moving from Contemplation to Preparation: Is Counseling Psychology Ready to Embrace Culturally Responsive Prevention?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The confluence of prevention, multicultural competence and cultural responsiveness, and social justice is embryonic but holds much promise. The author uses the stages of change model to heighten awareness of how counseling psychologists are situated to provide well-developed system-level interventions and to examine the organizational and…

Adams, Eve M.

2007-01-01

83

Bridging the Gap: Counselling Strategies in a Cross-Cultural Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural awareness enlarges the world view of traditional counseling methodologies that teach that the dominant society's values are the healthy norms to use in assessing and assisting ethnic groups. A dominant society counselor or therapist can be more effective in helping members of other groups by utilizing self-awareness and developing a…

Wierzba, Joan D.

84

From Awareness to Practice: An Online Workshop on Bringing Culture into the Counselling Room  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project is to enhance the counselling services offered to diverse clients by supplying counsellors-in-training with a professional development resource that combines the best available outcome evidence and applied clinical wisdom, with the most current cultural adaptation frameworks. A comprehensive literature review was…

Rapacki, Tomasz Michal; McBride, Dawn Lorraine

2014-01-01

85

Pastoral care and counseling with the "un-homeless homeless": understanding cultures of homelessness.  

PubMed

This article presents a subset of findings from a larger study exploring the lived experiences of 16 former residents of a 90-day emergency family shelter program in Los Angeles County. Interpretative phenomenological analysis serves as a qualitative method for understanding the cultural uniqueness of the "un-homeless homeless." The findings offer implications for culturally competent pastoral care and counseling in the context of family homelessness and attend to both the process and content of caregiving. PMID:25241491

Snodgrass, Jill

2014-01-01

86

Culture and Acculturation Influences on Palestinian Perceptions of Prenatal Genetic Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patient cultural backgrounds strongly influence decision-making processes and outcomes in genetic counseling. The present\\u000a study investigated influences of culture and acculturation on prenatal decision making processes of native Palestinians and\\u000a Palestinian Americans. Seventeen native Palestinians and 14 first-generation, Palestinian Americans were interviewed and asked\\u000a to imagine themselves as patients in hypothetical premarital and prenatal situations. Five major issues were investigated:

Rawan Awwad; Patricia McCarthy Veach; Dianne M. Bartels; Bonnie S. LeRoy

2008-01-01

87

Empowering Abused Women: Multi-Cultural Counseling Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the mid 1980's some of the counselors on Guam began to explore oppressive family patterns. This resulted in major legislative, child welfare, and law enforcement changes, as well as a quest for treatment strategies that would meet the needs of this unique multi-cultural population. This paper discusses the use of experiential, culture-sensitive…

Hardin, Ann; Sukola, Kelly Renae

88

Cross-cultural considerations in u.s. Research ethics education.  

PubMed

Demand among graduate and postdoctoral trainees for international research experience brings together students and investigators from increasingly diverse cultural backgrounds around the world. Educators in research ethics and scientific integrity need to address the cultural aspects of both science and ethics to help all trainees learn ethical practices for effective collaboration with a diverse array of partners. NIH and NSF's mandates for instruction in the responsible conduct of research do not specifically address the needs of international trainees or U.S. trainees who undertake research projects abroad. Nonetheless, research ethics educators' typical focus on policy and professional standards can offer trainees and faculty investigators helpful insights into differing ethical values and priorities in research. Examination of linguistic differences can also reveal important conceptual frameworks that shape ethical practice. New resources for teaching research integrity in cross-cultural settings can be a valuable addition to the development of shared understanding of the goals of scientific research. PMID:25574262

Heitman, Elizabeth

2014-12-01

89

Cross-Cultural Considerations in U.S. Research Ethics Education  

PubMed Central

Demand among graduate and postdoctoral trainees for international research experience brings together students and investigators from increasingly diverse cultural backgrounds around the world. Educators in research ethics and scientific integrity need to address the cultural aspects of both science and ethics to help all trainees learn ethical practices for effective collaboration with a diverse array of partners. NIH and NSF’s mandates for instruction in the responsible conduct of research do not specifically address the needs of international trainees or U.S. trainees who undertake research projects abroad. Nonetheless, research ethics educators’ typical focus on policy and professional standards can offer trainees and faculty investigators helpful insights into differing ethical values and priorities in research. Examination of linguistic differences can also reveal important conceptual frameworks that shape ethical practice. New resources for teaching research integrity in cross-cultural settings can be a valuable addition to the development of shared understanding of the goals of scientific research. PMID:25574262

Heitman, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

90

An ethical solution to the challenges in teaching anatomy with dissection in the Chinese culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article examines the main obstacles to cadaver donation in the Chinese culture and provides solutions to this obstacle. The article covers the development of an Education Center for Medical ethics and suggestions of how to incorporate medical ethics and treatment of cadavers into anatomy classes in Chinese Medical schools.

2008-03-01

91

Understanding Social Media Culture and its Ethical Challenges for Art Therapists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses ethics in the context of the participatory culture of social media as it relates to art therapy. The authors present the view that social media formats are important venues for expression that contribute to interpersonal connections and social learning via the active participation of their members. To make informed ethical

Belkofer, Christopher M.; McNutt, Jill V.

2011-01-01

92

Archaeology, Ethics, and Character: Using Our Cultural Heritage to Teach Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Archaeology is a highly interdisciplinary field. Its main goal is to construct culture histories, but it uses many scientific methods in the process. Ethical dilemmas inherent in archaeology make it a good vehicle for teaching ethics and character in the classroom (Moe 2000). The interdisciplinary nature of the field makes it possible to weave…

Moe, Jeanne M.; Coleman, Carolee; Fink, Kristie; Krejs, Kirsti

2002-01-01

93

Examining Work Ethic across Populations: A Comparison of the Multidimensional Work Ethic Profile across Three Diverse Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the measurement equivalence of the Multidimensional Work Ethic Profile (MWEP) across the diverse cultures of Korea, Mexico, and the United States. Korean- and Spanish-language versions of the MWEP were developed and evaluated relative to the original English version of the measure. Confirmatory factor analytic results…

Woehr, David J.; Arciniega, Luis M.; Lim, Doo H.

2007-01-01

94

Leadership and ethics : a comparative study of leader moral values and organizational culture  

E-print Network

As corporate and government organizations move into the 21st Century, they face an environment of growing complexity. However, despite a number of recent and highly visible scandals, the moral and ethical culture associated ...

Hilliard, Donald P. (Donald Patrick), 1957-

2004-01-01

95

Business ethics judgments: A cross-cultural comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increased attention paid to ethical issues in business practice, there is interest in the ethics gap between the U.S. and the U.K. and in the ramifications for educating college students for business management positions. This paper examines the differences in ethics judgments between U.S. and U.K. business students. The results indicate that differences in their demographic profiles do

Thomas W. Whipple; Dominic F. Swords

1992-01-01

96

Cultural, ethical, and spiritual implications of natural disasters from the survivors' perspective.  

PubMed

Cultural, ethical, and spiritual implications of disaster depend on various factors. The impact of a disaster on a particular culture depends on the people in that culture and the strength and resilience of the culture. Disasters may slow cultural development; however, typically the customs, beliefs, and value systems remain the same even if the outward expressions of culture change. Critical to survivors is the implication of aid that is culturally sensitive. Ethical questions and dilemmas associated with disasters and their management are profound. Adhering to ethical principles does not solve all of the issues related to disaster management, but awareness of their utility is important. People affected by a disaster may not be capable of responding to human rights violations, so it is the first responders who must be cognizant of their responsibility to protect the victims’ dignity and rights. Ethical treatment of survivors entails a crucial blend of knowledge about ethnic culture, religious beliefs, and human rights. A strong awareness of ethical principles is merely a beginning step to well-informed decision making in disaster situations. The literature also suggests that during a crisis, spirituality helps victims to cope. Important to any catastrophic event is the understanding that every disaster creates unique circumstances that require relief responses tailored to the specific situation. PMID:21095559

Varghese, Shainy B

2010-12-01

97

Cross-cultural business ethics: Ethical beliefs difference between blacks and whites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the differences in ethical beliefs between blacks and whites in the United States. Two hundred and thirty four white students and two hundred and fifty five black students were presented with two scenarios and given the Reidenbach-Robin instrument measuring their ethical reactions to the scenarios.

John Tsalikis; Osita Nwachukwu

1988-01-01

98

Business ethics: A cross-cultural comparison of managers' attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison of attitudes among managers from France, Germany and the United States is made with respect to codes of ethics and ethical business philosophy. Findings are also compared with past studies by Baumhart and by Brenner and Molander where data are available. While the current data appear to be consistent with the past studies, there appear to be differences

Helmut Becker; David J. Fritzsche

1987-01-01

99

Waiver Culture: The Unintended Consequence of Ethics Compliance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The passage of the U.S. Sarbanes-Oxley Act (2002) spawned a series of compliance and ethics programs --the revised Principles of Federal Prosecution of Business Organizations known as the Thompson Memo (Thompson, 2003), the revised Federal Sentencing Guidelines that included the Effective Compliance and Ethics Program and the corporate…

Genova, Gina L.

2008-01-01

100

Ethics and Accreditation in Addictions Counselor Training: Possible Field Placement Issues for CACREP-Accredited Addictions Counseling Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional counselors have long been practicing in alcohol and drug treatment settings. However, only recently has the counseling field offered formal recognition of addictions counseling as a specialization through the implementation of accreditation standards for addiction counseling training programs. With the passage of the 2009 standards,…

Linton, Jeremy M.

2012-01-01

101

Evaluation of phone-based genetic counselling in African American women using culturally tailored visual aids.  

PubMed

Genetic counselling (GC) services for inherited breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) are underutilized by African American (AA) women. We sought to evaluate factors associated with knowledge gain in a sample of AA women diagnosed with early-onset breast cancer, in whom GC for HBOC was provided, using a culturally targeted genetic counselling aid (GCA). Through a cancer registry-based study, phone-based GC for HBOC was offered to AA women with breast cancer < or =50. A questionnaire to assess knowledge about HBOC was completed prior to GC. All women were provided a GCA about HBOC developed by the investigative team for use during the GC session. Following GC, a personalized summary letter was mailed to all study participants and the same knowledge questionnaire was completed. A total of 37 study participants completed the pre- and post-GC knowledge questionnaires with significant gains in knowledge following the GC process (p < 0.0001). Statistically significant factors associated with knowledge gain included earlier stage of diagnosis of breast cancer and education level. Our results indicate that phone-based GC supplemented by a culturally targeted visual aid is an effective means of improving knowledge about HBOC in young AA women with invasive breast cancer. PMID:20662853

Pal, T; Stowe, C; Cole, A; Lee, J-H; Zhao, X; Vadaparampil, S

2010-08-01

102

Liberalism and ethical life : on equality, neutrality, and culture  

E-print Network

Liberalism faces an apparent paradox. Its commitments to values such as neutrality and tolerance seem to recommend a hands-off attitude toward a society's ethical life. It seems the state should not regulate the value ...

Kurtz, Roxanne Marie

2008-01-01

103

"We Share the Same Biology..." Cultivating Cross-Cultural Empathy and Global Ethics through Multilingualism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "language-culture tesseract" hypothesized in the September 2010 issue of "Mind, Brain, and Education" suggests successive links between non-native language (NNL) acquisition, the development of cross-cultural empathy, and prosocial global ethics. Invoking Goethe's (1833/1999) aphorism, "those who do not know other languages know nothing of…

Rolbin, Cyrus; Chiesa, Bruno Della

2010-01-01

104

A Comparative Study of International Cultural and Ethical Values: Preliminary Findings and Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the preliminary results of an ongoing international research project to identify the cultural values and beliefs of business students and executives in several different countries and analyze the relationship between culture and reasons behind business decisions. First, we describe a research project to assess business decisions, based on established theories of ethics. Second, we describe a model

Stephen J. J. McGuire; Angeles Lillian; Y. Fok; Kern Kwong

105

Taking ideology out of ethics: from failed business strategies to new cross-cultural platforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to engage and provoke thought amongst strategists that their frameworks are bound by their cultural mindsets. The paper aims to explore the need for a new ethical model that accounts for the cultural differences of the participants from Western and Eastern Europe Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper applies the varied expertise of the

David B. Dickerson; Alexander Kouzmin; Nada Korac-Kakabadse

2006-01-01

106

"Does organizational culture influence the ethical behavior in the pharmaceutical industry?".  

PubMed

Study of ethical behavior among medical representatives in the profession is an under-portrayed component that deserves further perusal in the pharmaceutical industry. The purpose of this study is to find out the influence of organizational culture on ethical behavior of medical representatives. Medical representatives working for both domestic and multinational companies constitutes the sample (n=300). Data is collected using a simple random and cluster sampling through a structured questionnaire. The research design is hypothesis testing. It is a cross-sectional and correlational study, conducted under non-contrived settings. Chi-square tests were shows that there is an association between the organizational culture and ethical behavior of medical representatives. In addition, the strength of the association is measured which report to Cramer's V of 63.1% and Phi Value of 2.749. Results indicate that multinational company medical reps are more ethical compared to domestic company medical representatives vast difference in both variance and in t test results. Through better organizational culture, pharmaceutical companies can create the most desirable behavior among their employees. Authors conclude that apart from organizational culture, the study of additional organizational, individual and external factors are imperative for better understanding of ethical behavior of medical representatives in the pharmaceutical industry in India. PMID:24826027

Nagashekhara, Molugulu; Agil, Syed Omar Syed

2011-12-01

107

“Does Organizational Culture Influence the Ethical Behavior in the Pharmaceutical Industry?”  

PubMed Central

Study of ethical behavior among medical representatives in the profession is an under-portrayed component that deserves further perusal in the pharmaceutical industry. The purpose of this study is to find out the influence of organizational culture on ethical behavior of medical representatives. Medical representatives working for both domestic and multinational companies constitutes the sample (n=300). Data is collected using a simple random and cluster sampling through a structured questionnaire. The research design is hypothesis testing. It is a cross-sectional and correlational study, conducted under non-contrived settings. Chi-square tests were shows that there is an association between the organizational culture and ethical behavior of medical representatives. In addition, the strength of the association is measured which report to Cramer’s V of 63.1% and Phi Value of 2.749. Results indicate that multinational company medical reps are more ethical compared to domestic company medical representatives vast difference in both variance and in t test results. Through better organizational culture, pharmaceutical companies can create the most desirable behavior among their employees. Authors conclude that apart from organizational culture, the study of additional organizational, individual and external factors are imperative for better understanding of ethical behavior of medical representatives in the pharmaceutical industry in India. PMID:24826027

Nagashekhara, Molugulu; Agil, Syed Omar Syed

2011-01-01

108

Deaf Adults' Reasons for Genetic Testing Depend on Cultural Affiliation: Results from a Prospective, Longitudinal Genetic Counseling and Testing Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the relationship between cultural affiliation and deaf adults' motivations for genetic testing for deafness in the first prospective, longitudinal study to examine the impact of genetic counseling and genetic testing on deaf adults and the deaf community. Participants (n = 256), classified as affiliating with hearing, Deaf,…

Boudreault, Patrick; Baldwin, Erin E.; Fox, Michelle; Dutton, Loriel; Tullis, LeeElle; Linden, Joyce; Kobayashi, Yoko; Zhou, Jin; Sinsheimer, Janet S.; Sininger, Yvonne; Grody, Wayne W.; Palmer, Christina G. S.

2010-01-01

109

Counselor Education Student Perceptions of the American Counseling Association Ethical Code as It Pertains to the Use of Facebook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student use of online social networks has increased exponentially in the past five years. Facebook is one of the largest and most utilized by students. Many counseling students use Facebook on a regular basis to keep in touch with friends, family, and acquaintances. (Lenhart & Madden, 2007). Current American Counseling Association (ACA)…

Babb, Tanner A.

2012-01-01

110

Western medical ethics taught to junior medical students can cross cultural and linguistic boundaries  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about teaching medical ethics across cultural and linguistic boundaries. This study examined two successive cohorts of first year medical students in a six year undergraduate MBBS program. Methods The objective was to investigate whether Arabic speaking students studying medicine in an Arabic country would be able to correctly identify some of the principles of Western medical ethical reasoning. This cohort study was conducted on first year students in a six-year undergraduate program studying medicine in English, their second language at a medical school in the Arabian Gulf. The ethics teaching was based on the four-principle approach (autonomy, beneficence, non-malfeasance and justice) and delivered by a non-Muslim native English speaker with no knowledge of the Arabic language. Although the course was respectful of Arabic culture and tradition, the content excluded an analysis of Islamic medical ethics and focused on Western ethical reasoning. Following two 45-minute interactive seminars, students in groups of 3 or 4 visited a primary health care centre for one morning, sitting in with an attending physician seeing his or her patients in Arabic. Each student submitted a personal report for summative assessment detailing the ethical issues they had observed. Results All 62 students enrolled in these courses participated. Each student acting independently was able to correctly identify a median number of 4 different medical ethical issues (range 2–9) and correctly identify and label accurately a median of 2 different medical ethical issues (range 2–7) There were no significant correlations between their English language skills or general academic ability and the number or accuracy of ethical issues identified. Conclusions This study has demonstrated that these students could identify medical ethical issues based on Western constructs, despite learning in English, their second language, being in the third week of their medical school experience and with minimal instruction. This result was independent of their academic and English language skills suggesting that ethical principles as espoused in the four principal approach may be common to the students' Islamic religious beliefs, allowing them to access complex medical ethical reasoning skills at an early stage in the medical curriculum. PMID:15283868

Ypinazar, Valmae A; Margolis, Stephen A

2004-01-01

111

Wanted: Tesseract. One Hypothesis on Languages, Cultures, and Ethics for Mind, Brain, and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For potential consideration by the Mind, Brain, and Education community, here is a modest but provocative hypothesis regarding the relationships between acquisition of languages, awareness of cultures, and development of ethics in human beings. Starting from the basic idea according to which "a fish does not know what water is," and using both…

Della Chiesa, Bruno

2010-01-01

112

Cultural and Ethical Issues in Korea's Recent Elder Abuse Reporting System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of this article is to examine the relevance of cultural values, such as familism and individualism, that influence public policy implementation processes for protecting older adults in Korea and the United States. The secondary purpose is to identify ethical dilemmas and policy implications for effectively implementing the recently developed public law designed to protect vulnerable older adults

Sondra SeungJa Doe; Hye Kyung Han; Rosemary McCaslin

2009-01-01

113

Foundations Symposium: A Continued Dialogue on Critical Theory, Cultural Analysis, and Ethical Aspects of the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven articles are presented from a symposium on critical theory, cultural analysis, and the ethical aspects of the use of educational technology. Two papers deal with the educational philosophy of two modern thinkers, and others focus on educational technology in the modern or postmodern era. The following papers are included: (1) "Foucault and…

Anderson, Jane; And Others

114

STUDENT UNDERSTANDING of CULTURALLY AND ETHICALLY RESPONSIVE CARE Implications for Nursing Curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing education programs have a responsibility to develop strategies that improve future nurses' multicultural competence and eth- ical approaches to caring for populations different than their own.This article describes results of a final exam evaluative process used in an under- graduate class focused on culture and ethics. Ideas for nurse educators who desire increased student responsiveness and accountability for meeting

CAROLYN SPENCE CAGLE

115

Adlerian Family Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a model of family counseling based on Adlerian psychology. A brief overview of the psychological principles of Adlerian psychology is provided as well as an intervention schema to help the elementary counselor decide what family members to include in counseling and how to deal ethically with families. (RC)

Kern, Roy M.; Carlson, Jon

1981-01-01

116

Ethics  

Cancer.gov

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Human Research Protection (OHRP) has mandated that all research sites outside the United States that participate in research funded by the U.S. Government must file documentation certifying that each research site observes the Declaration of Helsinki on Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects and has an independent ethics committee. Sites participating in trials sponsored by the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) must also undergo regular on-site audits.

117

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competencies through Experiential Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on experiential learning as a teaching and learning methodology to increase students' multicultural counseling competencies. Outlines ethical and practical suggestions for using experiential learning in multicultural counseling curriculum. (Contains 43 references.) (GCP)

Arthur, Nancy; Achenbach, Kathleen

2002-01-01

118

Ethics, Cultural Competence, and the Changing Face of America.  

PubMed

The population in the United States is increasingly multicultural. So, too, is the U.S. physician workforce. The combination of these diversity dynamics sets up the potential for various types of cultural conflict in the nation's examining rooms, including the relationship between religion and medicine. To address the changing patient-physician landscape, we argue for a broad scale intervention: interdisciplinary bioethics training for physicians and other health professionals. This approach seeks to promote a common procedural expectation and language which can lead to an improved, patient-centered approach resulting in better patient-physician relationships that contribute to better health outcomes across the U.S. population. The authors illustrate their thesis and solution using a well-known case of cross-cultural dynamics taken from religion and medicine-Anne Fadiman's The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down. PMID:23794754

Laws, Terri; Chilton, Janice A

2013-04-01

119

Ethics, Cultural Competence, and the Changing Face of America  

PubMed Central

The population in the United States is increasingly multicultural. So, too, is the U.S. physician workforce. The combination of these diversity dynamics sets up the potential for various types of cultural conflict in the nation’s examining rooms, including the relationship between religion and medicine. To address the changing patient-physician landscape, we argue for a broad scale intervention: interdisciplinary bioethics training for physicians and other health professionals. This approach seeks to promote a common procedural expectation and language which can lead to an improved, patient-centered approach resulting in better patient-physician relationships that contribute to better health outcomes across the U.S. population. The authors illustrate their thesis and solution using a well-known case of cross-cultural dynamics taken from religion and medicine—Anne Fadiman’s The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down. PMID:23794754

Chilton, Janice A.

2012-01-01

120

Counselling HEALTH & COUNSELLING  

E-print Network

Counselling HEALTH & COUNSELLING SERVICES Counselling 778.782.4615 - Burnaby intake@sfu.ca 778.782.5200 - Vancouver 778.782.8022 - Surrey surrey_counsellor@sfu.ca Health Clinic 778.783.4615 - Burnaby 778.782.5200 - Vancouver Health Promotion 778.782.4674 Health & Counselling Services, SFU - 8888 University Drive, MBC 0164

121

Cultural, ethical, and spiritual competencies of health care providers responding to a catastrophic event.  

PubMed

Compassion is a language that is understood across cultures, religions, and nations. Being compassionate and empathetic is a basic responsibility of health care providers responding to disasters. Compassion and empathy cannot be operationalized unless providers show culturally competent, ethically right, and spiritually caring behavior. In addition to being accepting of cultures other than their own, providers must read literature and familiarize themselves with the predominant cultures of the affected population. Ethically right decision making is essentially an act of balancing the risks and benefits to the entire society. Spiritual care is an important dimension of total health, and therefore recognition and resolution of the spiritual needs of disaster victims is an essential role of health care providers. Disaster management is teamwork and therefore requires that health care providers draw on the expertise and support of other team members; coordinating efforts with local religious, social governmental organizations, and NGOs to deal with the intangible effects of the cultural and spiritual impact of a disaster and to prevent further demoralization of the affected community is imperative. Disasters occur, and the only thing that can ameliorate their devastating effects is to improve disaster preparedness and respond collectively and courageously to every catastrophic event. PMID:21095554

Jose, Mini M

2010-12-01

122

Facebook: Maintaining Ethical Practice in the Cyberspace Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current technology provides counseling center clinicians regular and immediate access to the students they work with via social networking. Focusing on Facebook in particular, this article discusses the opportunities and challenges this access creates and specifically explores how utilization of ethical, clinical, and cultural lenses might affect…

Birky, Ian; Collins, Wanda

2011-01-01

123

Blending Genetics and Sociocultural Historical Inquiry: Ethics, Culture, and Human Subjects Protection in International Cross Cultural Research  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we examine the implementation and difficulties when conducting genetics research in a rural, traditional West African culture within the frame of the United States’ grounded research ethics. Research challenges are highlighted by Western researchers following U.S. Institutional Review Board (IRB) guidelines and practices in a non-Western country. IRB concepts are culture bound in Western ideals that may not have synchronicity and compatibility with non-Western cultures. Differences in sociocultural norms, traditions, language, and geography were influencing factors that can affect application of IRB principles. Suggestions for change are offered, which will potentially aid researchers considering application of IRB requirements when conducting research in non-Westernized, non-industrialized countries. PMID:23482512

Sampson, Deborah A.; Caldwell, Dennis; Taylor, Andre D.; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y.

2013-01-01

124

Models of Genetic Counseling and Their Effects on Multicultural Genetic Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This theoretical paper examines challenges to multicultural genetic counseling, counseling between culturally different clients and counselors, in the context of Kessler's typology of models of genetic counseling (Kessler S (1997) J Genet Counsel 6:287–295). It is suggested that challenges such as resistance to multicultural genetic counseling education may be due to conceptions about genetic counseling as a biomedical field that

Linwood J. Lewis

2002-01-01

125

Cultural imperatives and the ethics of verbal autopsies in rural Ghana  

PubMed Central

Background Due to a paucity of statistics from vital registration systems in developing countries, the verbal autopsy (VA) approach has been used to obtain cause-specific mortality data by interviewing lay respondents on the signs and symptoms experienced by the deceased prior to death. In societies where the culture of mourning is adhered to, the use of VA could clash with traditional norms, thus warranting ethical consideration by researchers. Objective The study was designed to explore the ethics and cultural context of collecting VA information through a demographic and health surveillance system in the Kassena-Nankana District (KND) of Ghana. Study Design Data were collected through qualitative in-depth interviews (IDIs) with four field staff involved in the routine conduct of VAs, four physicians who code VAs, 20 selected respondents to the VA tool, and eight opinion leaders in the KND. The interviews were supplemented with observation by the researchers and with the field notes of field workers. Interviews were audio-recorded, and local language versions transcribed into English. Thematic analysis was performed using QSR NVivo 8 software. Results The data indicate that cultural sensitivities in VA procedures at both the individual and family levels need greater consideration not only for ethical reasons but also to ensure the quality of the data. Discussions of some deaths are culturally prohibited and therefore lead to refusal of interviews. Families were also concerned about the confidentiality of information because of the potential of blame for the death. VA teams do not necessarily engage in culturally appropriate bereavement practices such as the presentation of tokens. The desire by families for feedback on the cause of death, which is currently not provided by researchers, was frequently expressed. Finally, no standard exists on the culturally acceptable time interval between death and VA interviews. Conclusion Ethical issues need to be given greater consideration in the collection of cause of death data, and this can be achieved through the establishment of processes that allow active engagement with communities, authorities of civil registrations, and Institutional Review Boards to take greater account of local contexts. PMID:24054087

Aborigo, Raymond A.; Allotey, Pascale; Tindana, Paulina; Azongo, Daniel; Debpuur, Cornelius

2013-01-01

126

A Grounded Theory of Relational Competencies and Creativity in Counseling: Beginning the Dialogue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors and counselor educators are ethically bound to lifelong development of knowledge and skills that promote personal growth and relational development. The Association for Creativity in Counseling (ACC) was established on the principles of relational-cultural theory (RCT), which addresses the role of relational competency in…

Duffey, Thelma; Haberstroh, Shane; Trepal, Heather

2009-01-01

127

World blindness and the medical profession: conflicting medical cultures and the ethical dilemmas of helping.  

PubMed

This is an account of a thwarted humanitarian effort and the strategic and ethical issues that is raised. Between 14 and 17 million people in the world are blind with cataract, a condition readily corrected by surgery. In 1989 a proposal was developed to attack this problem by supplying volunteer ophthalmologists to the world's leading private voluntary organizations that carry out programs in less developed countries. The proposal was rejected. This article describes the proposal and the issues on which it foundered: cost effectiveness, appropriate technology, changing ideologies of assistance, and conflict between the cultures of medicine and public health. The account illustrates the far-flung consequences of technological change in medicine, as well as the practical and ethical questions facing organizations that carry out overseas assistance programs. PMID:1406499

Gray, B H

1992-01-01

128

Educators' perceptions and attitudes toward school counseling and student personnel services: A cultural perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was designed to survey and compare attitudes and perceptions toward school counseling and student personnel programs as held by educators in the Caribbean. The subjects in the study comprised 275 teachers and administrators employed in public and private junior and senior high schools in Nassau, Bahamas. The statistical tests used to analyze the data were the Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance and the Friedman two-way analysis for repeated measures. The findings indicate that administrators at all levels expressed significantly more favorable attitudes and perceptions toward counseling and student personnel programs in the schools than teachers. Teachers in the study expressed the following: (a) serious concern regarding the competency of practicing counselors in their schools; (b) a need for clarification of their role and function in the guidance process and a clarification of the counselor's role; and (c) minimum acceptable standards should be established for school counseling positions.

McPhee, Sidney A.

1985-12-01

129

The Affordable Care Act: the ethical call to transform the organizational culture.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will require health care leaders and managers to develop strategies and implement organizational tactics for their organization to survive and thrive under the federal mandates of this new health care law. Successful health care organizations and health care systems will be defined by their adaptability in the new value-based marketplace created by the Affordable Care Act. The most critical underlining challenge for this success will be the effective transformation of the organizational culture. Transformational value-based leadership is now needed to answer the ethical call for transforming the organizational culture. This article provides a model and recommendations to influence change in the most difficult leadership duty-transforming the organizational culture. PMID:25068882

Piper, Llewellyn E

2014-01-01

130

77 FR 13490 - Rules of Organization; Conduct and Ethics; and Information and Requests  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...34-66502] Rules of Organization; Conduct and Ethics; and Information and Requests AGENCY: Securities...INFORMATION CONTACT: Shira Pavis Minton, Ethics Counsel, 202-551-7938, Office of the Ethics Counsel, Securities and Exchange...

2012-03-07

131

Food and Culture: A Pedagogical Approach to Contextualizing Food-Based Activities in Multicultural Counseling Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedagogic approaches that draw on reflective practices and experiential activities are valued for their perceived ability to enhance multicultural understanding. The use of food-based assignments is not uncommon in multicultural counseling courses; however, the authors contend that although these activities may be experiential in nature, they are…

Sommer, Carol A.; Rush, Lee Covington; Ingene, Daphne H.

2011-01-01

132

Exploring Academic Culture: Experiences of Mexican American Women in Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to address the American Psychological Association's goals of providing a multiculturally safe and nurturing environment for ethnic minorities in psychology (CEMRRAT2, 2007). The current research sought to understand how safe, valued, and nurtured Mexican American women in doctoral counseling psychology programs felt. These…

Sanchez Lira, Diana

2011-01-01

133

Bioethical dimensions of cultural psychosomatics: the need for an ethical research approach.  

PubMed

Contemporary psychosomatics is a research-based technical discipline and its social power depends on how scientific knowledge is obtained and applied in practice, considering cultural contexts. This article presents the view that the dialogical principles on which bioethical discourse is based are more inclusive than professional ethics and philosophical reflection. The distinction is advanced between rule-guided behavior and norm-justifiable acts (substantiation and justification). The practical implications of good practices in the generation of valid, reliable, generalizable and applicable knowledge are emphasized. For practitioners and researchers, the need to reflect on the distinction between patient and research participant can avoid the therapeutic misunderstanding, a form of abuse of the doctor-patient relationship. In addition, in resource-poor settings, the dilemma presented by the know-do gap (inapplicability of research results due to financial or social constraints) is part of the ethics' realm of the profession. Future prospects include a wider use of research results in practice, but avoidance of the know-do gap (the disparity between what is known and what can be done, particularly in settings with limited resources) requires a synthetic and holistic approach to medical ethics, combining moral reflection, theoretical analysis and empirical data. PMID:23816868

Lolas, Fernando

2013-01-01

134

Teaching engineering ethics using role-playing in a culturally diverse student group.  

PubMed

The use of role-playing ("active learning") as a teaching tool has been reported in areas as diverse as social psychology, history and analytical chemistry. Its use as a tool in the teaching of engineering ethics and professionalism is also not new, but the approach develops new perspectives when used in a college class of exceptionally wide cultural diversity. York University is a large urban university (40,000 undergraduates) that draws its enrolment primarily from the Greater Toronto Area, arguably one of the most culturally diverse cities in the world, embracing the largest percentage of Canada's immigration. Among the area's five million inhabitants, 50% identify themselves as a visible minority born outside Canada, while over 100 languages and dialects are spoken daily. Although students admitted from this international pool have usually been exposed to western attitudes during secondary education and are rapidly assimilated into Canadian culture, responses to specific ethical issues are strongly influenced by their prior culture. Two and three-part scripts for case studies based on NSF or original scenarios were written to illustrate issues such as gifts, attitudes towards women and ethnic minorities, conflict of interest, whistle-blowing, sexual harassment, individual rights, privacy, environment, intellectual property, and others. Following the presentation, the actors lead group discussion based on previously specified questions. Once the initial shyness and reluctance of some cultures has been overcome through the building of rapport, students have written original scripts based on hypothetical or prior personal situations. The method is now being adopted in a short course format to assist the professional integration of foreign trained engineers. PMID:16609718

Prince, Robert H

2006-04-01

135

Disclosing the truth to terminal cancer patients: a discussion of ethical and cultural issues.  

PubMed

One of the most difficult ethical dilemmas facing health care professionals working in oncology is whether, when, how and how much to tell terminal cancer patients about their diagnosis and prognosis. The aim of this article is to review the trends in this issue worldwide. While a majority of physicians in both developed and developing countries tell the truth more often today than in the past, the assumption that truth-telling is always beneficial to patients can be questioned. The issue of truth-telling is still approached differently in different countries and cultures and there is a need for an increased awareness of cultural differences to truth-telling among patients from ethnic minorities. PMID:20795432

Kazdaglis, G A; Arnaoutoglou, C; Karypidis, D; Memekidou, G; Spanos, G; Papadopoulos, O

2010-04-01

136

Values and Social Justice in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The construct of social justice in counseling is defined and operationalized in this article. This is followed by a discussion about the intersection between social justice in counseling and philosophy, ethics, and spirituality. A call to action for counseling professionals is offered. (Contains 1 figure.)

Crethar, Hugh C.; Winterowd, Carrie L.

2012-01-01

137

Female genital cutting (FGC) and the ethics of care: community engagement and cultural sensitivity at the interface of migration experiences  

PubMed Central

Background Female Genital Cutting (FGC) anchored in a complex socio-cultural context becomes significant at the interface of access of health and social services in host countries. The practice of FGC at times, understood as a form of gender-based violence, may result in unjustifiable consequences among girls and women; yet, these practices are culturally engrained traditions with complex meanings calling for ethically and culturally sensitive health and social service provision. Intents and meanings of FGC practice need to be well understood before before any policies that criminalize and condemn are derived and implemented. FGC is addressed as a global public health issue with complex legal and ethical dimensions which impacts ability to access services, far beyond gender sensitivity. The ethics of terminology are addressed, building on the sustained controversial debate in regards to the delicate issue of conceptualization. An overview of international policies is provided, identifying the current trend of condemnation of FGC practices. Socio-cultural and ethical challenges are discussed in light of selected findings from a community-based research project. The illustrative examples provided focus on Western countries, with a specific emphasis on Canada. Discussion The examples provided converge with the literature confirming the utmost necessity to engage with the FGC practicing communities allowing for ethically sensitive strategies, reduction of harm in relation to systems of care, and prevention of the risk of systematic gendered stigmatization. A culturally competent, gender and ethically sensitive approach is argued for to ensure the provision of quality ethical care for migrant families in host countries. We argue that socio-cultural determinants such as ethnicity, migration, sex and gender need to be accounted for as integral to the social construction of FGC. Summary Working partnerships between the public health sector and community based organisations with a true involvement of women and men from practicing communities will allow for more sensitive and congruent clinical guidelines. In order to honour the fundamental principles and values of medical ethics, such as compassion, beneficence, non-malfeasance, respect, and justice and accountability, socio-cultural interactions at the interface of health and migration will continue to require proper attention. It entails a commitment to recognise the intrinsic value and dignity of girls’ and women’s context. PMID:24758156

2014-01-01

138

Developing a Culturally Sensitive Treatment Modality for Bilingual Spanish-Speaking Clients: Incorporating Language and Culture in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a culturally-sensitive conceptual framework for the mental health treatment of Hispanics, and illustrates how the dimensions of acculturation; language dominance and preference; and cultural norms, values, and beliefs affect the assessment of psychological and physical health. (JPS)

Santiago-Rivera, Azara L.

1995-01-01

139

78 FR 56127 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Department of Housing and Urban...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...concurrence of the Office of Government Ethics (OGE), amends its Supplemental Standards...Golden, Assistant General Counsel, Ethics and Appeals Division, telephone number...Constantine, Associate General Counsel for Ethics Appeals and Personnel Law, Office...

2013-09-12

140

75 FR 35957 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Special Inspector General for Iraq...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...concurrence of the Office of Government Ethics (OGE), is issuing an interim regulation...General Counsel and Designated Agency Ethics Official, by any of the following methods...General Counsel and Designated Agency Ethics Official (DAEO). FOR FURTHER...

2010-06-24

141

Ethnic Identity and Parenting Stress in South Asian Families: Implications for Culturally Sensitive Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The South Asian culture is one in which family obligation and loyalty, as well as self-sacrifice and obedience toward one's elders, are paramount. These values can be different from those of the more individualistically oriented Euro-Canadian dominant culture, and can prompt challenges of cultural adjustment among Canadian-born South Asian youth…

Shariff, Aneesa

2009-01-01

142

Effective Group Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on the essential elements of leading effective groups in group counseling. Chapter 1 concentrates on the rationale behind using groups and their myths, advantages, and limitations. Chapter 2 discusses different types of groups, especially those that are therapeutic and task-oriented, and their theory and ethics. Chapter 3 delves…

Gladding, Samuel T.

143

Training for Competence in Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy. The Teachers College Winter Roundtable Conference Proceedings (10th, New York, New York, February 19-20, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers from the 1993 Teachers College Winter Roundtable focus on training for competence in cross-cultural counseling and psychotherapy. Each paper approaches an issue in effective practice from a theoretical or applied perspective. The following are included: (1) "African-American Identity: A Causal and a Noncausal Approach"…

Johnson, Samuel D., Ed.; And Others

144

Crisis Counseling: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychologists working in schools are often the first contacts for children experiencing a potentially traumatizing event or change in status. This article reviews basic concepts in crisis counseling and describes the components of psychological first aid. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as…

Sandoval, Jonathan; Scott, Amy Nicole; Padilla, Irene

2009-01-01

145

Counseling in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Singapore, a tiny island nation, rose from 3rd- to 1st-world status in just 3 decades. Unlike in most developed countries, counseling in Singapore has a short history with faith-based beginnings and currently faces challenges to remain culturally relevant. The authors trace the development of Singapore's counseling services, provide an update…

Yeo, Lay See; Tan, Soo Yin; Neihart, Maureen F.

2012-01-01

146

Ethical aspects of directly observed treatment for tuberculosis: a cross-cultural comparison  

PubMed Central

Background Tuberculosis is a major global public health challenge, and a majority of countries have adopted a version of the global strategy to fight Tuberculosis, Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course (DOTS). Drawing on results from research in Ethiopia and Norway, the aim of this paper is to highlight and discuss ethical aspects of the practice of Directly Observed Treatment (DOT) in a cross-cultural perspective. Discussion Research from Ethiopia and Norway demonstrates that the rigid enforcement of directly observed treatment conflicts with patient autonomy, dignity and integrity. The treatment practices, especially when imposed in its strictest forms, expose those who have Tuberculosis to extra burdens and costs. Socially disadvantaged groups, such as the homeless, those employed as day labourers and those lacking rights as employees, face the highest burdens. Summary From an ethical standpoint, we argue that a rigid practice of directly observed treatment is difficult to justify, and that responsiveness to social determinants of Tuberculosis should become an integral part of the management of Tuberculosis. PMID:23819555

2013-01-01

147

Right and Wrong and Cultural Diversity: Replication of the 2002 NAS/Zogby Poll on Business Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In April 2002, a NAS/Zogby poll found that only a quarter of sampled students perceived uniform standards of "right and wrong" and that most students felt that ethical behavior depends on cultural diversity. In this effort to replicate those findings in a larger sample of American college students, the authors obtained results that contradict the…

Ludlum, Marty; Mascaloinov, Sergei

2004-01-01

148

Should a School of Business Change Its Ethics to Conform to the Cultural Diversity of Its Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study describes how students from another country violated a business school's code of conduct, although their actions were not considered cheating in their culture. The business school decided to retain its ethical standards, ensuring their equal application to all students. (SK)

Cordeiro, William P.

1995-01-01

149

Postmortem Confidentiality: An Ethical Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an era of increased need and expectation for confidentiality, the counseling record of the deceased client challenges confidentiality. Using ethical codes and legal mandates, the authors explore whether the counseling record of a deceased client should be released when the client's will and the client's counseling records are silent on this…

Bradley, Loretta J.; Hendricks, Bret; Kabell, Douglas R.

2011-01-01

150

Legal and Ethical Issues Related to the Management of Cultural Heritage in Space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent discovery of water in darkened craters of the Moon's south pole is only the latest development drawing public and corporate interest to the possibilities of research and travel in outer space. Scientists pursuing fusion-generated power as a solution to global energy needs have also noted the relative abundance of Helium-3, an efficient fuel, on the Moon's surface, and there is the promise of other precious resources there as well. The implantation of colonies on the Moon or Mars, discussed for many decades as science fiction, therefore seems increasingly likely to happen. Some private companies and members of the public are even looking forward to the days when tourists will be able to travel for leisure beyond the earth's atmosphere. Most notably, the X Prize Foundation and Google are sponsoring a prize for the first private group to send an unmanned rover to the Moon as a way of advancing these agendas; 22 teams have registered for the competition, with some scheduled to launch by the end of 2010. Increased attention to outer space travel, exploration, and commercial exploitation has been paralleled by a rise in interest in the protection of cultural resources on Earth, such as ar-chaeological sites and historic monuments. Such sites and monuments already exist in outer space and on extraterrestrial planetary bodies. The Apollo 11 landing site, Tranquility Base, is only the most obvious example of a cultural site of outstanding significance in space. Satellites orbiting the earth -even defunct ones such as Vanguard 1, the oldest man-made object still in orbit, might be considered to have extraordinary historic and cultural value, too. As archae-ologists working on Earth have long recognized, once a site or object is damaged, it can never be perfectly restored to its original condition. Unfortunately, there are so far only a few vague guidelines, drafted in the 1960's and agreed upon by the international community, protecting mankind's cultural heritage in space. The United Nations Outer Space Treaty of 1967 -the primary document governing how nations act in outer space -is now hopelessly out-of-date. There is no mention in the treaty of cultural heritage (the UNESCO convention that concerns international protection of cultural heritage on Earth was not completed until 1970), nor was there any recognition of the role private groups and individuals might play in space exploration. This paper will outline key legal and ethical issues related to cultural heritage management and protection. It will also suggest some ways in which culturally significant sites in space can be protected for future study and even touristic appreciation.

Walsh, Justin

151

7 CFR 2.201 - Director, Office of Ethics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Director, Office of Ethics. 2.201 Section 2.201 Agriculture...Counsel § 2.201 Director, Office of Ethics. Pursuant to the Office of Government Ethics regulations at 5 CFR part 2638, the...

2014-01-01

152

NORTH CAROLINA STATE ETHICS COMMISSION ETHICS AWARENESS & CONFLICT OF INTEREST REMINDER  

E-print Network

NORTH CAROLINA STATE ETHICS COMMISSION SAMPLE 1 ETHICS AWARENESS & CONFLICT OF INTEREST REMINDER) ________________________________________________________________ In accordance with the State Government Ethics Act, it is the duty of every [Board] member to avoid both with his ethics liaison, legal counsel, or the State Ethics Commission to help determine the appropriate

Buckel, Jeffrey A.

153

Genetic Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... page It's been added to your dashboard . Genetic counseling Genetic counseling is a service to help individuals ... care and genetic testing. Who should get genetic counseling? Anyone who has unanswered questions about origins of ...

154

Foreign counselling trainees’ experiences of practising in a second language and culture   

E-print Network

We live in a multicultural, globalised world, in which counsellors and psychotherapists are increasingly required to work across languages and cultures. Existing literature, however, focuses largely on the needs and ...

Georgiadou, Lorena

2014-07-01

155

Code of Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet expresses the ethical principles and values of the Canadian Counseling Association and serves as a guide to the professional conduct of all its members. It also informs the public served by the association of the standards of ethical conduct for which members are to be responsible and accountable. This guide reflects the values of…

Sheppard, Glenn W.; Schulz, William E.; McMahon, Sylvia-Anne

156

Understanding the Depth and Richness of the Cultural Context in Career Counseling through the Cultural Formulation Approach (CFA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors discuss the Cultural Formulation Approach (CFA) proposed by Leong and his colleagues, and the strong and insightful applications of the approach offered by Leong, Arthur, Juntunen, Byars-Winston, and Flores. They think this model has phenomenal possibilities in providing a methodology for counselors to be able to…

Heppner, Mary J.; Fu, Chu-Chun

2010-01-01

157

Cross-Cultural Perspectives in Counseling: Mental Health Conceptions in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general societal pattern in Malaysia is reflected by the distinct multi-racial composition of the population, comprised of Malays, Chinese, and Indians. In Malaysia, ethnicity determines the varied differences in the socio-cultural and religious diversity of the population. Organized modern medical services have existed in Malaysia since…

Mohamed, Othman

158

Translating global recommendations on HIV and infant feeding to the local context: the development of culturally sensitive counselling tools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background This paper describes the process used to develop an integrated set of culturally sensitive, evidence-based counselling tools (job aids) by using qualitative participatory research. The aim of the intervention was to contribute to improving infant feeding counselling services for HIV positive women in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. Methods Formative research using a combination of qualitative methods preceded the development of the intervention and mapped existing practices, perceptions and attitudes towards HIV and infant feeding (HIV/IF) among mothers, counsellors and community members. Intervention Mapping (IM) protocol guided the development of the overall intervention strategy. Theories of behaviour change, a review of the international HIV/IF guidelines and formative research findings contributed to the definition of performance and learning objectives. Key communication messages and colourful graphic illustrations related to infant feeding in the context of HIV were then developed and/or adapted from existing generic materials. Draft materials were field tested with intended audiences and subjected to stakeholder technical review. Results An integrated set of infant feeding counselling tools, referred to as 'job aids', was developed and included brochures on feeding methods that were found to be socially and culturally acceptable, a Question and Answer Guide for counsellors, a counselling card on the risk of transmission of HIV, and an infant feeding toolbox for demonstration. Each brochure describes the steps to ensure safer infant feeding using simple language and images based on local ideas and resources. The brochures are meant to serve as both a reference material during infant feeding counselling in the ongoing prevention of mother to child transmission (pMTCT) of HIV programme and as take home material for the mother. Conclusion The study underscores the importance of formative research and a systematic theory based approach to developing an intervention aimed at improving counselling and changing customary feeding practices. The identification of perceived barriers and facilitators for change contributed to developing the key counselling messages and graphics, reflecting the socio-economic reality, cultural beliefs and norms of mothers and their significant others. PMID:17018140

Leshabari, Sebalda C; Koniz-Booher, Peggy; Åstrøm, Anne N; de Paoli, Marina M; Moland, Karen M

2006-01-01

159

Effective Counseling with American Indian Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling has always been a part of American Indian culture. Only recently has the European American counseling establishment recognized the role of culture in counseling. Developing a historical understanding of American Indians is important to working with American Indian students. It is also important for school counselors to recognize the…

Wetsit, Deborah

160

The Career Counseling with Underserved Populations Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing effective career counseling to culturally diverse individuals is not the same as helping those from majority cultures. The Career Counseling With Underserved Populations model aids career counselors in supporting underserved populations as they strive to address their important career counseling issues.

Pope, Mark

2011-01-01

161

Quality Issues in Adult Career Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss quality assurance for the field of adult career counseling. Topics include (1) review and improvement of programs based on changing client patterns and needs, (2) appropriate referral for clients who need psychological counseling, (3) ethical standards and consumer guidelines, and (4) counselor competence and credentialing. (CH)

Miller, Juliet V.; Musgrove, Mary Lynne

1986-01-01

162

Existential Authenticity: A Foundational Value for Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author challenges the view that adopting an existential perspective in counseling is inapplicable or a luxury for most clients. The concept of existential authenticity is presented as an organizing ethic that can bring out the positive side of existentialism in counseling. Specific values and conditions are presented that can be adopted to…

Miars, Russell D.

2002-01-01

163

Genetic Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

Genetic counseling provides information and support to people who have, or may be at risk for, genetic disorders. A ... meets with you to discuss genetic risks. The counseling may be for yourself or a family member. ...

164

Genetic counseling  

E-print Network

GENETIC COUNSELING What Is Genetic Counseling? The National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) defines genetic counseling as the process of assisting people with understanding and adapting to the medical, psychological, and familial implications... of genetic contributions to disease (National Society of Genetic Counselors, 2012). This process includes the interpreta- tion of family and medical histories to assess the chance of disease occurrence or recurrence. Genetic counseling usually involves...

Stough, Laura

2014-01-01

165

Counseling Endorphins.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author introduces, through personal narrative, the idea that the experience of counseling another person can create "counseling endorphins" and invites other mental health professionals to enter into a dialogue about the possibility of a counseling "high" and about how to design research to explore this phenomenon. (Author/JPS)

Kottman, Terry

1994-01-01

166

Teaching Research Integrity in the Field of Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little has been done in terms of teaching or writing about research integrity or research ethics in the counseling field. Because of the continual push for research in counseling to maintain evidence-based practices, there is a need for education in the area of research integrity in order for professionals in the counseling field to conduct…

Wester, Kelly L.

2007-01-01

167

Career Counseling and the Information Highway: Heeding the Road Signs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traveling the "information highway" in the process of career counseling or providing career counseling services via the Internet pose additional challenges for counselors. The authors use current ethical guidelines to guide discussion of, and possible resolutions to, challenges posed by incorporating the Internet into career counseling. (Contains…

O'Halloran, Theresa M.; Fahr, Alicia V.; Keller, Jenny R.

2002-01-01

168

Marketing norms: The influence of personal moral philosophies and organizational ethical culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study develops a scale, using the American Marketing Association’s code of ethics, to measure the marketing-related norms\\u000a of marketing practitioners. The scale has five dimensions: 1) price and distribution, 2) information and contracts, 3) product\\u000a and promotion, 4) obligation and disclosure, and 5) general honesty and integrity. The relative influence of personal moral\\u000a philosophies and organizational ethical climate on

Scott J. Vitell; Kumar C. Rallapalli; Anusorn Singhapakdi

1993-01-01

169

Why Do Staff of Joint-Use Libraries Sometimes Fail to Integrate? Investigating Cultures and Ethics in a Public-Tertiary Joint-Use Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Joint-use libraries have identified staff integration as a problem. Using focus groups, this project investigated the culture, professional ethics, and attitudes of staff in a public-tertiary joint-use library in Auckland, New Zealand. Findings show some difference in organizational cultures, but more variation at the lower level of roles and…

Calvert, Philip James

2010-01-01

170

78 FR 22767 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the National Credit Union Administration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...concurrence of the Office of Government Ethics (OGE), is issuing this final rule for...Union Administration, Alternate Agency Ethics Official, Office of General Counsel...necessary to properly implement its respective ethics program. To date, the NCUA Board...

2013-04-17

171

76 FR 60707 - Supplemental Standards for Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Department of the Treasury  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...concurrence of the Director of the Office of Government Ethics (OGE), is establishing a new chapter in Title...Horton, Deputy Assistant General Counsel (Ethics) at (202) 622-0450 or Ethics@treasury.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY...

2011-09-30

172

The Potency and Power of Counseling Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stories are an essential part of counseling. Through stories, clients and counselors gain a deeper understanding of concerns brought into counseling sessions and strategies used to address them. Through storytelling, catharsis, power, insight, meaning, cultural awareness, and change take place. This article examines the research on stories in counseling plus how counselor stories, as well as client stories, can be

Samuel T. Gladding; Melanie J. Drake Wallace

2010-01-01

173

AMERICAN COUNSELING ASSOCIATION www.counseling.org  

E-print Network

. Association members recognize diversity and embrace a cross- cultural approach in support of the worth. While there is no specific ethical decision-making model that is most effective, counselors are expected to be familiar with a credible model of decision making that can bear public scrutiny and its application

Qiu, Weigang

174

Cultural and ethical considerations for cardiopulmonary resuscitation in chinese patients with cancer at the end of life.  

PubMed

End-of-life (EOL) decision making is based on the values and wishes of terminally ill patients. However, little is known on the extent to which cultural factors affect personal attitudes toward life-sustaining treatments (LSTs) such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in China. This study evaluated the cultural and ethical considerations during EOL decisions and assessed the factors that affect pursuing LSTs in China. We used a case-control study design and compared their baseline characteristics with the provided EOL care and treatments. The CPR treatment among patients with cancer at EOL was affected by Chinese family traditions and Western influences. Our results reflect the need to improve EOL care and treatment in China. PMID:24463202

Zhang, Zhe; Chen, Meng-Lei; Gu, Xiao-Li; Liu, Ming-Hui; Cheng, Wen-Wu

2015-03-01

175

The Relationship of Infertility and Death: Using the Relational\\/Cultural Model of Counseling in Making Meaning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the crisis of infertility and attitudes associated with death are often approached differently in counseling, they both share similar attributes. Often, these experiences are described negatively and are associated with at least some form of loss. These negative experiences affect individuals' personal and existential meaning in a profound way. In this article, these experiences will be explored. Specifically, the

Donna M. Gibson

2007-01-01

176

Ethical Standards Casebook. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first part of this casebook for counselors presents the 1981 Ethical Standards of the American Personnel and Guidance Association, now the American Association for Counseling and Development. The second part of the book presents individual ethical standards followed by several incidents intended to illustrate and clarify the meaning of the…

Callis, Robert; And Others

177

Geosciences: an important tool for the ethical advancement and the economic and cultural development of our society  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a society in economic, cultural and ethical terms is always linked to the growth of the scientific and technical knowledge. It follows that the downsizing of the scientific research brings to a slower growth or even, as it is happening these days in Italy, a real cultural decay. The consequences of the economic crisis are evident to everyone, but it is precisely in times of crisis that the best strategies to restart the economy and give new cultural perspectives to society are studied. The crisis is also contrasted with ideas and ability to put them into practice. This, however, also presupposes a different cultural approach, which has to also include a review of values and beliefs, and a redefinition of the objectives to be pursued. This approach is modeled on the basis of several positive experiences that a country can boast. Among these experiences, there are those arising from the scientific culture: geology, for example, such as chemistry, biology or other sciences, can help to change vision. The research and practice of Earth sciences have important implications on the life and activities of the population and therefore the geoscientists, as active subjects in the society, should question their role and responsibilities. They should be at the service of society, especially in the fields of prevention from natural hazards and valorization of georesources. In this sense they can give important indications for economy and development of their country. The Italian Council of Geologists (Consiglio Nazionale dei Geologi - CNG) acts with the aim of highlighting the social role of geoscientists, hoping for a new cultural Renaissance, which leads to new researches, without obscurantism or prejudices. In an authoritative way, the CNG intends to put this social role before any demand from the professional category. Therefore, it has recently presented its political Manifesto, geared essentially to the good governance of the territory, to all the Italian political parties and candidates to the role of Prime Minister, asking them to share it in their election programs. This paper stresses that geology can and must bring those contributions which society requires, in respect of a comprehensive view of the land and its management, with an integrated approach to the major issues that directly or indirectly involve the whole society: finding, exploitation and proper management of natural resources (water, raw materials and sources of energy); knowledge of natural hazards and risks and consequent planning of all those actions necessary and indispensable, since the territorial safety is a fundamental right of every citizen. If the geosciences and geoscientists will be placed at the base of the economic and social structure of a modern country, consequently their contribution in terms of ethical and cultural progress of society will become essential.

Vito Graziano, Gian

2013-04-01

178

Teaching ethics in religious or cultural conflict situations: a personal perspective.  

PubMed

This article portrays the unique aspects of ethics education in a multicultural, multireligious and conflict-based atmosphere among Jewish and Arab nursing students in Jerusalem, Israel. It discusses the principles and the methods used for rising above this tension and dealing with this complicated situation, based on Yoder's ;bridging' method. An example is used of Jewish and Arab students together implementing two projects in 2008, when the faculty decided to co-operate with communities in East Jerusalem, the Arab side of the city. The students took it upon themselves to chaperon the teachers who came to watch them at work, translate, and facilitate interaction with a guarded and suspicious community. This approach could also be relevant to less extreme conditions in any inter-religious environment when trying to produce graduates with a strong ethical awareness. PMID:19528100

Benari, Gili

2009-07-01

179

21A.215 Medical Anthropology: Culture, Society, and Ethics in Disease and Health, Fall 2008  

E-print Network

This course looks at medicine from a cross-cultural perspective, focusing on the human, as opposed to biological, side of things. Students learn how to analyze various kinds of medical practice as cultural systems. Particular ...

Jackson, Jean

180

Dimensions of ethical business cultures: comparing data from 13 countries of Europe, Asia, and the Americas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a survey-based study of perceptions of ethical business practices in 13 countries of Europe, Asia, and the Americas. Responses from more than 23,000 managers and employees were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance and post-hoc comparisons, aimed at identifying homogenous sets of countries. Anglo countries (US, UK, Australia, and Canada) clustered together, and were

Alexandre Ardichvili; Douglas Jondle; Brenda Kowske

2010-01-01

181

The D.G.M. Wood-Gush Memorial Lecture Animal ethics and animal welfare science: bridging the two cultures 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1970s, scientists studying animal welfare and philosophers writing about animal ethics have worked toward the common goal of understanding and articulating our proper relationship to animals of other species. However, the two groups approached this task using such different concepts, assumptions, and vocabulary that they functioned as two distinct ''cultures'' with little mutual understanding or communication. Some of

David Fraser

182

The Relationship of Organizational Corruption with Organizational Culture, Attitude towards Work and Work Ethics: A Search on Turkish High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to analyse organizational corruption and to determine its level of relation to attitude towards work, work ethics and organizational culture. The data in study have been collected from 441 public high school teachers employed in the central districts of Ankara in the school year of 2008-2009. Data have been collected…

Balci, Ali; Ozdemir, Murat; Apaydin, Cigdem; Ozen, Fatmanur

2012-01-01

183

THE ETHICS IN MULTICULTURAL MARKET WITH FOCUS ON CROSS-CULTURE INTERNET ADVERTISING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose-Cross-cultural differences play a vital role in Internet advertising. Keeping this in mind, the present study was undertaken with the objective of giving a conceptual idea of cross-cultural differences and Internet advertising. Design\\/methodology- This was achieved by analyzing the Study conducted by Hofstede and Internet advertising obtained from various secondary data. The key areas of cross cultural differences and Internet

Manisha Dubey; Nidhi Khare

184

Culturally Informed Ethical Decision-Making in Situations of Suspected Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informs counselors about important factors to consider in determining whether to classify culturally sanctioned practices as helpful or harmful to children. Also outlines the types of information and documentation that would be required to justify the challenge of a practice viewed to be culturally acceptable among members of a specific group…

Merali, Noorfarah

2002-01-01

185

Ethics and Transcultural Nursing Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that nursing practice and theory cannot be ethical unless cultural factors are taken into consideration and that ethical/transcultural nursing is central to the philosophy and practice of nursing. (Author)

Eliason, Michele J.

1993-01-01

186

Assessing the ethical weight of cultural, religious and spiritual claims in the clinical context  

PubMed Central

The aim of this paper is to expand upon the conclusions reached by Orr and Genesen in their 1997 article (published in this journal), Requests for ‘inappropriate' treatment based on religious beliefs.1 Assuming, with Orr and Genesen, that claims made in the name of religion are not absolute, I will propose some principles for determining when claims based on religious beliefs or cultural sensibilities "trump" other considerations and when they do not. Key Words: Cultural, religious, and spiritual claims for treatment • idiosyncratic cultural or religious views • recognition of existential reality PMID:11314155

Buryska, J.

2001-01-01

187

Challenges of Cultural and Racial Diversity to Counseling: Volume 1. Great Britain and the United States. London Conference Proceedings (June 25-29, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the proceedings of the first international conference sponsored by the American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) and the British Association for Counselling (BAC). The document contains a foreword by Robert Nejedlo; a preface by Edwin Herr and John McFadden; an overview of the language of counseling in the…

Herr, Edwin L., Ed.; McFadden, John, Ed.

188

(2 Site Supervision Agreement) Old Dominion University, Graduate Counseling Program 1 Student Name: UIN: Level (Circle One)  

E-print Network

, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, etc.) Year Licensed Highest counseling-related academic degree: Conferring for crisis interventions. Represent self and the university in a professional manner. Follow the American Counseling Association's and American School Counselor Association's Ethical Guidelines, as appropriate

189

Whatever Happened to Counseling in Counseling Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A suspected decline in published counseling-related research in "The Counseling Psychologist" ("TCP") and the "Journal of Counseling Psychology" ("JCP") was investigated through content analyses of the two journals from 1979 to 2008. A marked decline in counseling-related research may signify a shift in emphasis away from counseling as the most…

Scheel, Michael J.; Berman, Margit; Friedlander, Myrna L.; Conoley, Collie W.; Duan, Changming; Whiston, Susan C.

2011-01-01

190

End-of-Life Decisions about Withholding or Withdrawing Therapy: Medical, Ethical, and Religio-Cultural Considerations.  

PubMed

Towards the end of life, physicians face dilemmas of discontinuing life-sustaining treatments or interventions. In some circumstances, these treatments are no longer of benefit, while in others the patient or family no longer want them. The physician plays an essential role in clarifying the goals of medical treatment, defining the care plan, initiating discussions about life-sustaining therapy, educating patients and families, helping them deliberate, making recommendations, and implementing the treatment plan. Communication is key. It should be clarified that when inevitable death is imminent, it is legitimate to refuse or limit forms of treatment that would only secure a precarious and burdensome prolongation of life, for as long as basic humane, compassionate care is not interrupted. Agreement to DNR status does not preclude supportive measures that keep patients free from pain and suffering as possible. Acceptable clinical practice on withdrawing or withholding treatment is based on an understanding of the medical, ethical, cultural, and religious issues. There is a need to individualize care option discussions to illness status, and patient and family preferences, beliefs, values, and cultures. The process of shared decision making between the patient, the family, and the clinicians should continue as goals evolve and change over time. PMID:25278756

Manalo, Maria Fidelis C

2013-01-01

191

Cross-Cultural Health Ethics in Resource-Poor Settings ". . . the first step would be to try separating the kernel of Western science and technology from its Western packaging the entire  

E-print Network

manner by which the dilemma was resolved. C. Tips for Applying Ethical Analysis in Global Health BeforeCross-Cultural Health Ethics in Resource-Poor Settings ". . . the first step would be to try proceed with an intended or proposed health action when the balance between all possible benefits

MacMillan, Andrew

192

Cross-cultural Sensitivities in Developing Corporate Ethical Strategies and Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geert Hofstede was one of the first to attempt to develop a universal framework for understanding cultural differences in\\u000a managers’ and employees’ values based on a world-wide survey. Hofstede’s work focuses on ‘value systems’ of national cultures\\u000a which are represented by four dimensions:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Power Distance. This is the extent to which inequalities among people are seen as normal. This

Terence Jackson

193

Recruitment and Screening of Minors for Group Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group counseling with minors requires special considerations in the recruitment and screening process. Suggestions are offered to ensure that potential members are not labeled during recruitment. Discusses characteristics for screening as well as contraindications for group counseling with children and adolescents. Also discusses ethical and legal…

Ritchie, Martin H.; Huss, Susan Norris

2000-01-01

194

Reality, Dysconsciousness, and Transformations: Personal Reflections on the Ethics of Cross-Cultural Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this personal narrative, I offer reflections about the process of conducting a cross-cultural, cross-linguistic research project with teachers of English in China. Lessons learned from this study address some of the hegemonic perspectives and assumptions that can be dysconsciously held by native English-speakers, the value of crossing borders…

Janusch, Sandra

2011-01-01

195

Ethics and International Curriculum Work: The Challenges of Culture and Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The widely cited, though highly contested, idea that "the world is flat" (Friedman, 2004) carries with it a call for education to provide a leveling effect across continents and cultures Students in Skokie or in Skopje, as the theory goes, are expected to experience a school curriculum that shares certain common elements, goals, and purposes. Such…

Mason, Terrence C., Ed.; Helfenbein, Robert J., Ed.

2012-01-01

196

An Ethical Solution to the Challenges in Teaching Anatomy with Dissection in the Chinese Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities and medical schools in China are faced with an ongoing shortage of cadavers for education and research because of insufficient numbers of cadaver donations. This article will examine the main obstacles to cadaver donation in the Chinese culture. These include superstitious traditional views about the body, a lack of legislation…

Zhang, Luqing; Wang, Yunfeng; Xiao, Ming; Han, Qunying; Ding, Jiong

2008-01-01

197

Death competence: an ethical imperative.  

PubMed

The authors argued that death competence, defined as specialized skill in tolerating and managing clients' problems related to dying, death, and bereavement, is a necessary prerequisite for ethical practice in grief counseling. A selected review of the literature tracing the underpinnings of this concept reveals how a robust construct of death competence evolved. Using the vehicle of a case study, the authors analyzed an example of empathic failure resulting from an apparent lack of death competence on the part of a mental health provider to illustrate the importance of this characteristic in delivering clinically effective and ethically sensitive grief counseling. PMID:24567993

Gamino, Louis A; Ritter, R Hal

2012-01-01

198

Global Competition and Its Projected Impact on the Counseling Profession: Searching for Peaceful Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to define global competition and to examine its impact upon the counseling profession based upon a case study. Students in a counseling ethics class were asked to research the topic of global competition as related to the field of counseling and develop a case study. Their findings produced very few articles related to…

Dansby-Giles, Gloria; Giles, Frank; Abram, Timothy; Mallard, Katherine; Phipps, Ricardo; Rosa, Tamika; Short, Eunice

2009-01-01

199

[Peer Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six graduate students responsible for the creation of a peer-counseling walk-in clinic discuss the training techniques used for peer counselors at UCLA. A psychology course featuring didactic and informational lectures, small laboratory sessions, and personal growth groups was instrumental in generating three basic attributes in the peer…

Hoppenbrouwers, Toke; And Others

200

Genetic Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information is presented on a number of tests used in genetic counseling (e.g., genetic evaluation, chromosome evaluation, consideration of multifactorial conditions, prenatal testing, and chorionic villus sampling) which help parents with one disabled child make family planning decisions. (CB)

Exceptional Parent, 1987

1987-01-01

201

Photo Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors at all levels are perpetually seeking new and more effective ways of establishing and maintaining therapeutic contact with their clients. The author has found the use of family photographs in counseling as a very effective means of establishing a good counselor-client relationship. (Author/HMV)

Gosciewski, F. William

1975-01-01

202

Postgraduate qualifications in social work, counselling and  

E-print Network

that people of integrity who possess excellent skills, have a strong ethical base, and a commitment to socialPostgraduate qualifications in social work, counselling and professional supervision 2013 #12 in Professional Supervision - Postgraduate Diploma in Professional Supervision Social Work 10 - Doctor

Auckland, University of

203

PSYCHOLOGY 452 Introduction to Counseling and Therapy  

E-print Network

to the field of counseling psychology and psychotherapy practice. Various psychotherapeutic approaches or therapists. Rather, it is meant to provide an introduction into psychotherapy techniques and methods with ethical issues in psychotherapy. The second worksheet will require you to label cognitive distortions

Gallo, Linda C.

204

Directions in Substance Abuse Counseling, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of six lessons provides expert information on a variety of issues in substance abuse counseling. The lessons, which may be applied toward continuing education credits, are: (1) "Ethics in Substance Abuse Rehabilitation" (Robert L. Hewes); (2) "Addressing the Needs of Clients with Traumatic Injury and Alcoholism" (Charles H.…

Cohen, Adam W., Ed.

2000-01-01

205

Education and Counseling on Adolescent Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the development of Chinese economic reform, many medical and educational workers have begun to provide adolescent life education and counseling on aspects of sexual education, sexual ethics, and sexual law. The National Education Commission and Public Health Ministry issued documents to ask education units to engage in this adolescent…

Hu, Peicheng; Wu, Ailan

206

Ethical Considerations of Social Networking for Counsellors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of online social networking websites has increased among Canadians in recent years. There are many professional and ethical implications for counsellors who use these sites (Boyd, 2007). Although they offer advantages to counsellors, their use can also raise issues around ethical conduct. Because the counselling literature has not yet…

Bratt, William Edgar Vernon

2010-01-01

207

Ethical and Legal Responsibilities of Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, each profession is reviewing its ethical practices. This paper assists in this renewal by citing the code of ethical standards of APGA; reviewing the laws of the State of Nevada regarding privileged communications; and covering the legal aspects which relate to counseling situations. (Author)

Glennen, Robert E.

208

31 CFR 0.105 - Deputy Ethics Official.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Deputy Ethics Official. 0.105 Section 0.105... Responsibilities § 0.105 Deputy Ethics Official. The Chief Counsel or Legal...bureau, or a designee, is the Deputy Ethics Official for that bureau. The...

2013-07-01

209

31 CFR 0.105 - Deputy Ethics Official.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Deputy Ethics Official. 0.105 Section 0.105... Responsibilities § 0.105 Deputy Ethics Official. The Chief Counsel or Legal...bureau, or a designee, is the Deputy Ethics Official for that bureau. The...

2014-07-01

210

31 CFR 0.105 - Deputy Ethics Official.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Deputy Ethics Official. 0.105 Section 0.105... Responsibilities § 0.105 Deputy Ethics Official. The Chief Counsel or Legal...bureau, or a designee, is the Deputy Ethics Official for that bureau. The...

2012-07-01

211

31 CFR 0.105 - Deputy Ethics Official.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Deputy Ethics Official. 0.105 Section 0.105... Responsibilities § 0.105 Deputy Ethics Official. The Chief Counsel or Legal...bureau, or a designee, is the Deputy Ethics Official for that bureau. The...

2010-07-01

212

31 CFR 0.105 - Deputy Ethics Official.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Deputy Ethics Official. 0.105 Section 0.105... Responsibilities § 0.105 Deputy Ethics Official. The Chief Counsel or Legal...bureau, or a designee, is the Deputy Ethics Official for that bureau. The...

2011-07-01

213

Publishing Ethical Research: A Step-by-Step Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To publish ethical research, one must conduct research responsibly, making ethical choices from the inception of the research idea and throughout the research process. Conducting and publishing ethical research is important because of the impact the results will have on the counseling profession. Steps to consider are discussed.

Wester, Kelly L.

2011-01-01

214

The Potency and Power of Counseling Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stories are an essential part of counseling. Through stories, clients and counselors gain a deeper understanding of concerns brought into counseling sessions and strategies used to address them. Through storytelling, catharsis, power, insight, meaning, cultural awareness, and change take place. This article examines the research on stories in…

Gladding, Samuel T.; Wallace, Melanie J. Drake

2010-01-01

215

Operationalization of the Multicultural Counseling Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles development of the Multicultural Counseling Competencies (MCC) designed to guide counseling interactions with attention to culture, ethnicity, and race. Details the MCC and focuses on the model's key aspect of personal identity. Includes the full text of Multicultural Competencies. (SNR)

Arredondo, Patricia; And Others

1996-01-01

216

The Impact of Perception of Performance Appraisal and Distributive Justice Fairness on Employees' Ethical Decision Making in Paternalist Organizational Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethics in decision making has been an issue for academics, practitioners, and governmental regulators for decades. In the last decade, numerous scandals and consequently many corporate crises in the global business world have added credence to the criticisms of business ethics. Therefore, it is vital to understand the factors affecting employees'…

Goksoy, Asli; Alayoglu, Nihat

2013-01-01

217

An Ethics Primer: Ethical Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a PDF that provides a short introduction to ethical questions and strategies having to do with Ethics instruction. The PDF describes an overview of ethical questions and develops student understanding of ethical questions through three different worksheets.

2008-01-01

218

Counseling Psychology Licensure in Taiwan: Development, Challenges, and Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and consequences of licensure for counseling psychologists in Taiwan are presented to promote cross-cultural awareness surrounding issues in the counseling psychology profession. The national licensure statute for counseling psychologists in Taiwan was established by the Taiwanese Legislature in 2001. While the licensing system…

Wang, Li-fei; Kwan, Kwong-Liem K.; Huang, Su-Fei

2011-01-01

219

Disguised Ideologies in Counseling and Social Justice Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A social justice orientation for counseling is appealing to many but appears to some to violate counselor neutrality and respect for client freedom and rights. Confusion about neutrality and advocacy in the counseling field seems to reflect confused assumptions and values in the wider culture. As a result, counseling is guided more by a disguised…

Harrist, Steve; Richardson, Frank C.

2012-01-01

220

Death Competence: An Ethical Imperative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors argued that death competence, defined as specialized skill in tolerating and managing clients' problems related to dying, death, and bereavement, is a necessary prerequisite for ethical practice in grief counseling. A selected review of the literature tracing the underpinnings of this concept reveals how a robust construct of death…

Gamino, Louis A.; Ritter, R. Hal, Jr.

2012-01-01

221

Ethics Standards (HRPP) and Public Partnership (PARTAKE) to Address Clinical Research Concerns in India: Moving Toward Ethical, Responsible, Culturally Sensitive, and Community-Engaging Clinical Research  

PubMed Central

Like other emerging economies, India’s quest for independent, evidence-based, and affordable healthcare has led to robust and promising growth in the clinical research sector, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 20.4% between 2005 and 2010. However, while the fundamental drivers and strengths are still strong, the past few years witnessed a declining trend (CAGR ?16.7%) amid regulatory concerns, activist protests, and sponsor departure. And although India accounts for 17.5% of the world’s population, it currently conducts only 1% of clinical trials. Indian and international experts and public stakeholders gathered for a 2-day conference in June 2013 in New Delhi to discuss the challenges facing clinical research in India and to explore solutions. The main themes discussed were ethical standards, regulatory oversight, and partnerships with public stakeholders. The meeting was a collaboration of AAHRPP (Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs)—aimed at establishing responsible and ethical clinical research standards—and PARTAKE (Public Awareness of Research for Therapeutic Advancements through Knowledge and Empowerment)—aimed at informing and engaging the public in clinical research. The present article covers recent clinical research developments in India as well as associated expectations, challenges, and suggestions for future directions. AAHRPP and PARTAKE provide etiologically based solutions to protect, inform, and engage the public and medical research sponsors. PMID:25558428

Burt, Tal; Gupta, Yogendra K; Mehta, Nalin; Swamy, Nagendra; Sovani, Vishwas; Speers, Marjorie A

2014-01-01

222

Genetic Counseling Program Information  

E-print Network

Genetic Counseling Program Information for Potential Applicants #12;Wayne State Genetic Counseling Program Overview "Genetic counseling is the process of helping people understand and adapt to the medical, psychological, and familial implications of genetic contributions to disease. The process integrates

Berdichevsky, Victor

223

Nature of e-business ethical dilemmas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic business is based on using computers and networks in all aspects of business. This new business concept is developing its own culture, which faces many ethical dilemmas. One is the role of the chief information officer (CIO). As a leader of information technology application in the organisation, the CIO's ethical behaviour influences the ethics of the electronic business culture

Sonja Petrovic-lazarevic; Amrik S. Sohal

2004-01-01

224

A Review of "Translation and the Poet’s Life. The Ethics of Translating in English Culture, 1645-1726" by Paul Davis  

E-print Network

20 seventeenth-century news noted the following mistakes: Mason Lowance?s name is misspelled on page 101 and 314; typos occur on page 235 (than for then) and page 245 (temp for tempt?twice). Paul Davis. Translation and the Poet?s Life. The Ethics... of Translating in English Culture, 1645-1726. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. xi + 324 pp. Review by alan rudrum, simon fraser university. Paul Davis begins his impressive book by commenting on the extraordinary amount of academic work on translation...

Rudrum, Alan

2011-01-01

225

Infusing Professional Ethics into Counselor Education Programs: A Multicultural/Social Justice Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiculturalism and social justice counseling issues influence counselors' ethical thinking and behavior. Counselor educators are responsible for facilitating students' understanding of the relevance of multicultural/social justice counseling issues and ethical standards for professional practices. Added insights in these areas aid students to…

Pack-Brown, Sherlon P.; Thomas, Tequilla L.; Seymour, Jennifer M.

2008-01-01

226

Substance Abuse and Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on the identification of practical knowledge and skills needed for counseling individuals with substance abuse problems. It is a resource for practitioners, students, and faculty in school counseling, rehabilitation counseling, mental health counseling, school psychology, or social work in recognizing, preventing, and treating…

Sales, Amos, Ed.

227

Anthropology Ethics: Online Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Studying humankind can give us great insight into the complexities of society and culture. However, any research involving human subjects comes with a thorny set of ethical considerations. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln's Ethics Center has curated this collection of online resources related to ethical dilemmas and situations in anthropology. The materials are divided into four areas: Case Studies, About, Additional Teaching Resources, and Codes of Ethics. The Case Studies area is quite well-developed, containing 20 rigorously vetted case studies from SUNY-Buffalo, the Society for Economic Botany, and the Smithsonian Institution. For those just entering the field, the Codes of Ethics area might be quite useful. It offers up professional codes from organizations like the American Anthropological Association, the American Association of Museums, and the American Folklore Society.

228

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

229

Cultivating Engineering Ethics and Critical Thinking: A Systematic and Cross-Cultural Education Approach Using Problem-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2008, the worst earthquake in more than three decades struck southwest China, killing more than 80,000 people. The complexity of this earthquake makes it an ideal case study to clarify the intertwined issues of ethics in engineering and to help cultivate critical thinking skills. This paper first explores the need to encourage engineering…

Chang, Pei-Fen; Wang, Dau-Chung

2011-01-01

230

Treading the lines between self-interest, cultural relativism and universal principles : Ethics in the global marketplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to introduce this special issue of Management Decision by exploring the themes of the issue and the contribution of each of the articles in the collection. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper reviews notions of ethics, justice and responsibility. It then uses the framework developed through this review as the basis for an appreciation

David Lamond

2008-01-01

231

Counseling in the Enterprise Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the way therapeutic models and language have been used in support of human flexibility and "human resource development" concepts in the 1980s and 1990s. Examines use of humane managerial rhetoric to mask practice of increasingly ruthless public and private-sector organizations, and the dilemmas for counselors operating within these kinds…

Cummins, Anne-Marie; Hoggett, Paul

1995-01-01

232

Extending the Humanistic Vision: Toward a Humanities Foundation for the Counseling Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founding humanists argued that counseling should be ideologically grounded in the humanities. Currently, professional counseling culture is largely structured by scientific assumptions, which, the author maintains, have had a detrimental impact on the profession. Specific recommendations for shifting professional counseling culture to a humanities…

Hansen, James T.

2012-01-01

233

Oral Examination Individual Rater Evaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program: Texas Tech University  

E-print Network

Tech University Scientific Knowledge and Methods (Foundational Competency), Research/EvaluationOral Examination Individual Rater Evaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program: Texas (Functional Competency), Professionalism (Foundational Competency), and Ethical Legal Standards and Policy

Gelfond, Michael

234

Counseling Psychology Program: Texas Tech University PSY 8000 (Proposal) Evaluation Form  

E-print Network

Knowledge and Methods (Foundational Competency), Research/Evaluation (Functional CompetencyCounseling Psychology Program: Texas Tech University PSY 8000 (Proposal) Evaluation Form Scientific), Professionalism (Foundational Competency), and Ethical Legal Standards and Policy (Foundational Competency

Gelfond, Michael

235

Qualifying Examination Individual Rater Evaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program: Texas Tech University  

E-print Network

: Texas Tech University Scientific Knowledge and Methods (Foundational Competency), Research/EvaluationQualifying Examination Individual Rater Evaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program (Functional Competency), Professionalism (Foundational Competency), and Ethical Legal Standards and Policy

Gelfond, Michael

236

Qualifying Examination Individual RaterEvaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program: Texas Tech University  

E-print Network

: Texas Tech University Scientific Knowledge and Methods (Foundational Competency), Research/EvaluationQualifying Examination Individual RaterEvaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program (Functional Competency), Professionalism (Foundational Competency), and Ethical Legal Standards and Policy

Zhang, Yuanlin

237

Counseling Psychology Program: Texas Tech University PSY 8000 Dissertation Evaluation Form  

E-print Network

Scientific Knowledge and Methods (Foundational Competency), Research/Evaluation (Functional CompetencyCounseling Psychology Program: Texas Tech University PSY 8000 Dissertation Evaluation Form), Professionalism (Foundational Competency), and Ethical Legal Standards and Policy (Foundational Competency

Gelfond, Michael

238

When Values and Ethics Conflict: The Counselor's Role and Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the core conditions of client-centered counseling and supported by aspects of psychodynamic, cognitive developmental, and behavioral theories, a perspective is introduced that provides a resolution to the dilemma experienced by counselors and counseling students whose personal values and beliefs conflict with the ethical guidelines of the…

Elliott, Glenda R.

2011-01-01

239

West Meets East: A Cross-cultural Look at American and Russian Public Relations Students' Perceptions of Leadership Style and Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study represents an attempt to examine ethical inclination, similarities and differences between public relations students in Russia and the United States. Scholars recognize that perception of an ethical issue is an important prerequisite for the ethical decision process, and this survey explored perceptions of 377 American and Russian public relations students regarding professional ethics and leadership styles. Results

Elina Erzikova; Bruce Berger

2008-01-01

240

Directive counseling on long-acting contraception.  

PubMed Central

National rates of unintended births are a major public health concern. The availability of highly effective long-acting contraceptives has prompted some public officials to promote the coercive use of these methods to reduce such problems as intergenerational poverty and child abuse. Broad-brush public policies that require long-term contraceptive use are unethical. However, persuasion to use these methods can be appropriate. One place for exerting ethically justified influence is in family planning counseling. The dominant nondirective counseling model, which excludes the possibility of vigorous persuasion, is overly rigid. Family planning professionals should develop practice protocols that permit and guide the exercise of directive counseling to use long-acting contraception. PMID:8659650

Moskowitz, E; Jennings, B

1996-01-01

241

Challenges of Cultural and Racial Diversity to Counseling: Volume 2. Latin America and the United States. Mexico City Conference Proceedings (June 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from the second international conference of the American Counseling Association held in Mexico City in June 1990 are included in this book. The book is divided into four parts: community, diversity, communication, and spirituality. The following papers are included: (1) Myths, Realities, and Implications of the English Only Movement in the…

Gonzalez, Gerardo M., Ed.; and Others

242

Reviews: Ethics, consulting, and communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethics in Human Communication (2nd ed.). Edited by Richard L. Johannesen. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, 1983, pp. x + 244. $8.95.Ethics, Morality and the Media: Reflections on American Culture. Edited by Lee Thayer. New York: Hastings House, 1980, pp. xvi + 302. $21.50 (cloth) or $11.95 (paper).Ethical Perspectives and Critical Issues in Intercultural Communication. Edited by Nobleza C. Asuncion?Landé.

David A. Carter; Alison Alexander; Gary T. Hunt; Sue De Wine

1982-01-01

243

Multicultural Counseling: Knowledge Is Not Enough.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing awareness of a sensitivity to ethnic and cultural issues in the helping professions. For the last decade a variety of multicultural concerns have been receiving increased attention. Although there is awareness, the mental health fields have not really addressed the issues involved in the counseling of culturally diverse…

Steward, Robbie J.; Borgers, Sherry B.

244

Race and Ethnicity: An 11-Year Content Analysis of "Counseling and Values"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Dimensions of Personal Identity Model proposed by Arredondo and Glauner (as cited in Arredondo et al., 1996), the authors reviewed the last 11 years of the Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling's journal, "Counseling and Values", specifically regarding the "A" dimensions of race and ethnicity. Twenty-five…

Baker, Caroline A.; Bowen, Nikol V.; Butler, J. Yasmine; Shavers, Marjorie C.

2013-01-01

245

RICE UNIVERSITY COUNSELING RECORD  

E-print Network

Department Details of work behavior warranting counseling action Verbal or Written Coaching Written Reprimand Suspension Without Pay; Coaching or corrective action taken Expected change in work behavior after counseling

246

Non-Medical Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... Initiative K-12 and College Education Legal Information Money Management Morale, Welfare & Recreation Moving Non-Medical Counseling ... counseling is available on Military OneSource. Managing Your Money As a New Service Member As a new ...

247

What is Genetic Counseling?  

MedlinePLUS

... 1983) For information on genetic counselors and genetic counseling training programs, please download this helpful brochure from the Association of Genetic Counseling Program Directors: Who are Genetic Counselors? Practicing genetic ...

248

Islamic Ethics and the Implications for Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

As global business operations expand, managers need more knowledge of foreign cultures, in particular, information on the ethics of doing business across borders. The purpose of this paper is twofold: (1) to share the Islamic perspective on business ethics, little known in the west, which may stimulate further thinking and debate on the relationships between ethics and business, and (2)

Gillian Rice

1999-01-01

249

Benefits of Required Counseling for Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate students experience mental health distress. The authors investigated the benefits of required counseling services at a training clinic for students enrolled in counseling courses. Results indicated that after receiving services, students ("N" = 55) reported decreases in overall problems, depressive symptoms, and anxiety…

Prosek, Elizabeth A.; Holm, Jessica M.; Daly, Cynthia M.

2013-01-01

250

Ethics in sports medicine.  

PubMed

Physicians have struggled with the medical ramifications of athletic competition since ancient Greece, where rational medicine and organized athletics originated. Historically, the relationship between sport and medicine was adversarial because of conflicts between health and sport. However, modern sports medicine has emerged with the goal of improving performance and preventing injury, and the concept of the "team physician" has become an integral part of athletic culture. With this distinction come unique ethical challenges because the customary ethical norms for most forms of clinical practice, such as confidentiality and patient autonomy, cannot be translated easily into sports medicine. The particular areas of medical ethics that present unique challenges in sports medicine are informed consent, third parties, advertising, confidentiality, drug use, and innovative technology. Unfortunately, there is no widely accepted code of sports medicine ethics that adequately addresses these issues. PMID:17218662

Dunn, Warren R; George, Michael S; Churchill, Larry; Spindler, Kurt P

2007-05-01

251

Ethical Guidelines for Counselors when Working with Clients with Terminal Illness Requesting Physician Aid in Dying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the American Counseling Association (ACA) introduced a new ethical standard for counselors working with clients with terminal illness who are considering hastened death options. The authors' purpose is to inform counselors of the Death With Dignity Act and explore relevant ethical guidelines in the "ACA Code of Ethics" (ACA, 2005).

Kurt, Layla J.; Piazza, Nick J.

2012-01-01

252

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

Berdichevsky, Victor

253

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

of psychology, such as, normal or abnormal developmental psychology, personality, social psychologyCounseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY

VandeVord, Pamela

254

counselling health promotion  

E-print Network

health and counselling services health promotion 10 Ways to get active Most people find that huff and puff stuff a few times a week and make it last for 15 minutes or more each time. students.sfu.ca/health counselling health promotion physiotherapy health clinic #12;health and counselling services health promotion

255

Positive: HIV Affirmative Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the end of the 1980s, counselors largely lacked an integrated approach to counseling people living with HIV disease. This book describes the experience of counseling this group of persons. The major premise here is that counselors who counsel HIV-positive clients must come to understand and affirm their clients' experiences. The text defines a…

Kain, Craig D.

256

Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Respect for diversity and for values different from one's own is a central value of counseling psychology training programs. The valuing of diversity is also consistent with the profession of psychology as mandated by the American Psychological Association's (APA's) Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct and as discussed in the Guidelines and…

Counseling Psychologist, 2009

2009-01-01

257

The Schooling of Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing concern about a shrinking cultural consensus on values, coupled with religious pluralisation and the realisation that schooling is not, and cannot be, value-neutral, have led to proposals to teach ethics in schools, interpreted as a contribution of the discipline of philosophy to the common curriculum. To the extent that this approach is…

Hill, Brian V.

2014-01-01

258

Ethics Updates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1994 by Professor Lawrence M. Hinman of the University of San Diego, the Ethics Updates site is designed primarily to be used to ethics instructors and their students. However, the site is rather interesting, so members of the general public may find themselves making a few return visits. Visitors can use the drop-down tabs on the top of the homepage to make their way through sections that cover some of the basic theories of ethics and also learn more about applied ethics in relation to such issues as animal rights, torture, and world hunger. Moving on, the "Resources" area includes case studies for discussion, a glossary of terms, classic texts in ethics, and ethics surveys. The site is rounded out by a search engine and a selection of videos that deal with various topics in ethics.

Hinman, Lawrence M.

259

FIGO's ethical recommendations on female sterilisation will do more harm than good: a commentary.  

PubMed

The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Committee for the Ethical Aspects of Human Reproduction and Women's Health advises against tubal occlusion (TO) performed at the time of caesarean section (CS/TO) or following a vaginal delivery (VD/TO) if this sterilisation has not been discussed with the woman in an earlier phase of her pregnancy. This advice is neither in accordance with existing medical custom nor evidence based. Particularly in less-resourced locations, adherence to it would deny much wanted one-off sterilisation opportunities to hundreds of thousands of women, many of whom have no reliable contraceptive alternative. To be sure, a well-timed discussion in pregnancy about a potential peripartum TO is preferable and, if conducted as a matter of course (as the Committee appears to promote), would represent an enormous improvement on current practice. Earlier counselling has the advantage that it results in fewer women who regret having rejected the CS/TO or VD/TO option. However, there is no evidence that earlier counselling leads to a smaller proportion of regretted sterilisations. Consequently, where early TO counselling has been impossible, forgotten or deliberately omitted on pronatalist, traditional, financial, cultural or religious grounds, offering a perinatal sterilisation belatedly and in an unbiased, culturally sensitive manner is often verifiably better than not presenting that option at all, notably where high parity and uterine scars are particularly dangerous. Belated counselling, as will be demonstrated in this paper, saves many lives. The Committee's blanket rejection of belated counselling on perinatal sterilisation is therefore unjustified. PMID:25009073

Verkuyl, D A A

2014-07-01

260

Genetic counseling services and development of training programs in Malaysia.  

PubMed

Genetic counseling service is urgently required in developing countries. In Malaysia, the first medical genetic service was introduced in 1994 at one of the main teaching hospitals in Kuala Lumpur. Two decades later, the medical genetic services have improved with the availability of genetic counseling, genetic testing and diagnosis, for both paediatric conditions and adult-onset inherited conditions, at four main centers of medical genetic services in Malaysia. Prenatal diagnosis services and assisted reproductive technologies are available at tertiary centres and private medical facilities. Positive developments include governmental recognition of Clinical Genetics as a subspecialty, increased funding for genetics services, development of medical ethics guidelines, and establishment of support groups. However, the country lacked qualified genetic counselors. Proposals were presented to policy-makers to develop genetic counseling courses. Challenges encountered included limited resources and public awareness, ethical dilemmas such as religious and social issues and inadequate genetic health professionals especially genetic counselors. PMID:23615969

Lee, Juliana Mei-Har; Thong, Meow-Keong

2013-12-01

261

A Journey Worth Traveling: Globalization of Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although it is an established psychological specialty in the United States, counseling psychology is still a culturally encapsulated discipline confined to its national borders. Internationalizing the discipline will require colleagues in the United States to examine their attitudes, abandon their sense of self-sufficiency, and engage counseling

Leung, S. Alvin

2003-01-01

262

Counseling and Psychoanalysis: Advancing the Value of Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguably, the defining feature of the counseling profession is an appreciation for human diversity. Early counseling movements emphasized individual diversity, while multiculturalism and social justice highlighted cultural diversity. The author maintains that contemporary psychoanalytic thought can supply a needed intraindividual diversity…

Hansen, James T.

2010-01-01

263

Facing Ethical Dilemmas in the Workplace: A Qualitative Study of HR Managers' Perceptions of the Influences on Their Behavior and the Implications for Building an Ethical Culture in Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the perceptions of human resource managers who had faced ethical dilemmas in the workplace, to gain an understanding of how they felt their life experiences shaped their values in making ethical decisions. The experiences of ten human resource managers who believed they chose a right course of action when faced with…

LaMontagne, Ramona Marie

2012-01-01

264

Counseling adolescents with problem pregnancies.  

PubMed

The whole gamut of problems involved in counseling pregnant teens, from the national statistics and psychosocial context to the goals of counseling and follow-up are discussed. In the U.S. 40% of women have become pregnant by age 20 (1982 data), making this one of the highest rates of teenage pregnancy worldwide. Many factors contribute to this problem: adolescent development with its unresolved conflicts; teenage cultural myths about sex roles, such as the idea that it is harmful to deny sex to males; cultural roles for women such as being passive and therefore unprepared with contraception. The teen pregnancy, then, evokes a personal, interpersonal, moral and medical crisis. Goals for counseling are to help the young woman mjake a fully integrated, final decision; provide emotional support and referral information; to help her use the experience for growth. The decision often has to be rapid, because many teens delay revealing their pregnancy out of fear, yet prenatal care is essential, while a second trimester abortion should be avoided. Decisions about whether to bear the child, involve the father, the family, where to live, how to get financial support become complex. Even the counselor's background can be counterproductive, especially when the teen chooses STET unlikely to succeed. Issues of client's autonomy and confidentiality regarding family, the male partner, and even local regulations may confuse the process. Follow-up counseling may be indicated, for post-abortion or pregnancy support, for future contraception, for a committed relationship, or for balancing her needs versus her sexual partner's. PMID:3565919

Marecek, J

1987-01-01

265

The Development of Professional Counseling in Uganda: Current Status and Future Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional counseling in Uganda has foundations in traditional cultures of its peoples, guidance offered in schools, and counseling to curb the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Currently, a definitive professional counselor profile in Uganda is being established. The Uganda Counselling Association continues the process of seeking legal authority to regulate…

Senyonyi, Ruth M.; Ochieng, Lois A.; Sells, James

2012-01-01

266

Contextual Counseling with Clients of Color: A "Sista" Intervention for African American Female College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Authors argue that college counselors need to consider culturally appropriate adaptations of traditional counseling. They describe a counseling intervention for African American female college students and present a case study to illustrate the effectiveness of this counseling strategy. (Contains 10 references.) (Author)

Bradley, Carla; Sanders, Jo Ann Lipford

2003-01-01

267

Beyond Easy Answers: Prenatal Diagnosis and Counseling During Pregnancy: EDITOR'S NOTE:?The following five papers were presented as part of a panel discussion entitled “Beyond Easy Answers: Prenatal Diagnosis and Counseling During Pregnancy” at the 2000 annual meeting of The American Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Association. The series of papers explore how families and doctors respond when a prenatal diagnosis is made, and consider ethical and social issues around counseling, managing information, and making decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The advancing sophistication and availability of prenatal diagnos- tic technologies, such as transvaginal ultrasound, chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis, and alpha feto-protein testing, have increased the medical ca- pacity to detect genetic and congenital conditions during pregnancy. This pa- per raises many social and ethical questions about how families, craniofacial teams, and society respond when a prenatal diagnosis is made

Ronald P. Strauss

2002-01-01

268

Relationships of Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Cultural Values, Ethical and Cognitive Developmental Levels, and Views of Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored relationships between preservice early childhood teachers' views of nature of science (NOS), cognitive developmental levels, and their cultural values. Using the Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire (VNOS-B) and interviews, we assessed views of NOS. The Learning Context Questionnaire (LCQ) was used to determine the…

Akerson, Valarie L.; Buzzelli, Cary A.

2007-01-01

269

ll of the activities of the Center for Counseling  

E-print Network

of the diversity that exists among people, including gender, race, sexual orientation, age, cultural and religious to the Center providing counseling for the student beyond the assessment interview. The Center does not provide

Firestone, Jeremy

270

Ethics Updates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Lawrence M. Hinman of the University of San Diego provides ethics students with a unique kind of meta-page where the user can choose from a wide array of information formats within each of the 23 topics under the main sub-headings of ethical theory and applied ethics. Topics covered include ethical relativism, utilitarianism, race and ethnicity, and euthanasia, among others. Information formats include links to web sites, bibliographies, court decisions, legislation, relevant documents, and articles in popular and professional literature. Much of the site content is adapted from Hinman's books.

271

Engineering Ethics Education Having Reflected Various Values and a Global Code of Ethics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the present day, a movement trying to establish a global code of ethics for science and engineering is in activity. The author overviews the context of this movement, and examines the possibility of engineering ethics education which uses global code of ethics. In this paper, the engineering ethics education which uses code of ethics in general will be considered, and an expected function of global code of ethics will be also. Engineering ethics education in the new century should be aimed to share the values among different countries and cultures. To use global code of ethics as a tool for such education, the code should include various values, especially Asian values which engineering ethics has paid little attention to.

Kanemitsu, Hidekazu

272

Understanding and Counseling Asian American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asian American students who encounter personal problems may hesitate to utilize counseling and mental health facilities on campuses, being fearful that family, friends and/or relatives may consider them emotionally unstable. Counselors and mental health workers may lack understanding of language and cultural background of Asian-American students,…

Chandras, Kananur V.

273

ESL Teaching in Collaboration with College Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many factors that affect second language learning (e.g., cognitive, emotional, and cultural) can be addressed with counseling intervention. The Department of Student Development at Kingsborough Community College, New York, includes counselors who specialize in different student populations. Students are placed in a block program in which they…

Brilliant, Judith

274

Balancing Life Roles Counseling & Psychological Services, Career Counseling Library  

E-print Network

Balancing Life Roles Counseling & Psychological Services, Career Counseling Library 2220 Bancroft a better balance among the roles you consider important. Instructions: 1. Under the column labeled "Current

Walker, Matthew P.

275

Experiencing Native American Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents four experiential excercises based on Native American culture for use in education, communication training, and counseling. These excercises are intended as vehicles for personal growth and aids to learning about Native American culture. (RC)

Darou, Wes G.

1980-01-01

276

What is good medical ethics? A clinician's perspective.  

PubMed

Speaking from the perspective of a clinician and teacher, good medical ethics needs to make medicine better. Over the past 50?years medical ethics has helped shape the culture in medicine and medical practice for the better. However, recent healthcare scandals in the UK suggest more needs to be done to translate ethical reasoning into ethical practice. Focusing on clinical practice and individual patient care, I will argue that, to be good, medical ethics needs to become integral to the activities of health professionals and healthcare organisations. Ethics is like a language which brings a way of thinking and responding to the world. For ethics to become embedded in clinical practice, health professionals need to progress from classroom learners to fluent social speakers through ethical dialogue, ethical reflection and ethical actions. I will end by discussing three areas that need to be addressed to enable medical ethics to flourish and bring about change in everyday clinical care. PMID:25516942

Kong, Wing May

2015-01-01

277

Ethics of environment and development  

SciTech Connect

How can we make ethical decisions about our environment in the face of increasingly conflicting needs and opinions This collection of essays offers a wide range of viewpoints representing many of the world's cultural and religious traditions to help readers better make such determinations for themselves. In this paper, the authors seek to clarify the ethical principles surrounding the concept of sustainable development. They provide a synoptic overview of the contemporary moral challenge of sustainable development and the similarities and differences in its interpretation throughout the world. In bringing together contributions by authorities in environmental ethics and developmental ethics, and by those who are addressing these questions from the perspectives of religion and humanistic philosophy, the book develops the concept of sustainability as the ethical approach to reconciling the needs of environmental conservation with economic development.

Engel, J.R.; Engel, J.G.

1990-01-01

278

Counseling for Empowerment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling for empowerment is a complex and multifaceted process that requires, for some, a radical departure from the traditional conceptualization of the helper's role. The process of empowerment demands that professional helpers and their clients take an active, collaborative approach to identifying problems and goals. Drawing from counseling,…

McWhirter, Ellen Hawley

279

HEALTH & COUNSELLING Health Clinic  

E-print Network

HEALTH & COUNSELLING SERVICES Health Clinic 778.783.4615 - Burnaby 778.782.5200 - Vancouver_counsellor@sfu.ca Health Promotion 778.782.4674 Health & Counselling Services, SFU - 8888 University Drive, MBC 0164 health can suffer if you're under stress for a long time, especially if you are not eating well. You may

280

Counseling and Philosophy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existential philosophy is explored as a basis for counseling and psychotherapy. It is seen as focussing on the inescapable givens of existence: freedom, isolation, meaninglessness, and death. It is argued that the experience of meaning and purpose as overriding values of existence is the basis of both the egalitarian therapeutic relationship in person-centered counseling, and the postmodern effort to reconstruct

Arnold Kruger

2002-01-01

281

Teaching Multicultural Counseling Prepracticum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the value of a multicultural counseling prepracticum course for counselors in training at Virginia Commonwealth University (Richmond). States that the course helps students develop their skills in multicultural counseling. Offers suggestions for teaching the course and discusses course objectives, course content, and student responses.…

McCreary, Micah L.; Walker, Tamara D.

2001-01-01

282

Counseling in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling in Ireland has experienced rapid growth in the past 30 years. Public attitudes toward counseling have become more positive, especially with the increasing secularization of a once strongly religious Catholic society. Licensure is nonexistent but there are certification bodies that attempt to ensure qualified practice. There is no…

O'Morain, Padraig; McAuliffe, Garrett J.; Conroy, Kayte; Johnson, Jennifer M.; Michel, Rebecca E.

2012-01-01

283

Counseling in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is rapid growth in Greece's professional and research activity in counseling, despite the lack of a clear professional identity for the field. It is hoped this will be overcome through the newly started graduate programs. Opportunities, objectives, and strategies for counseling's advancement should be directed toward close and essential…

Malikiosi-Loizos, Maria; Ivey, Allen E.

2012-01-01

284

Publishing International Counseling Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

2011-01-01

285

Counseling Exceptional People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers counselors and special education and classroom teachers assistance in counseling handicapped children. Major articles focus on counseling children who are mentally retarded, emotionally, visually and hearing impaired, learning disabled, and gifted. Additional information is provided on: (1) sexual fulfillment for the handicapped;…

Benjamin, Libby; Walz, Garry R.

286

Genetic Counseling Program Information  

E-print Network

Genetic Counseling Program Information for Potential Applicants #12;Page 2 of 12 8.24.11 Program Overview "Genetic counseling is the process of helping people understand and adapt to the medical, psychological, and familial implications of genetic contributions to disease. The process integrates

Finley Jr., Russell L.

287

Egocentric Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical judgments are often egocentrically biased, such that moral reasoners tend to conclude that self-interested outcomes are not only desirable but morally justifiable. Although such egocentric ethics can arise from deliberate self-interested reasoning, we suggest that they may also arise through unconscious and automatic psychological mechanisms. People automatically interpret their perceptions egocentrically, automatically evaluate stimuli on a semantic differential as

Nicholas Epley; Eugene M. Caruso

2004-01-01

288

Ethical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All evaluators face the challenge of striving to adhere to the highest possible standards of ethical conduct. Translating the AEA's Guiding Principles and the Joint Committee's Program Evaluation Standards into everyday practice, however, can be a complex, uncertain, and frustrating endeavor. Moreover, acting in an ethical fashion can require…

Morris, Michael

2004-01-01

289

Ethics CORE  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ethics CORE Digital Library, funded by the National Science Foundation, "brings together information on best practices in research, ethics instruction and responding to ethical problems that arise in research and professional life." It's a remarkable site where visitors can make their way through ethics resources for dozens of different professions and activities. The Resources by Discipline area is a great place to start. Here you will find materials related to the biological sciences, business, computer & information science, along with 14 additional disciplines. The Current News area is a great place to learn about the latest updates from the field. Of note, these pieces can easily be used in the classroom or shared with colleagues. The dynamism of the site can be found at the Interact with Ethics CORE area. Active learning exercises can be found here, along with instructional materials and visitors' own lessons learned.

290

The Ethics of Globalizing Bioethics  

PubMed Central

In the last decade, there have been efforts to globalize the field of bioethics, particularly in developing countries, where biomedical and other research is increasingly taking place. We describe and evaluate some key ethical criticisms directed towards these initiatives, and argue that while they may be marked by ethical, practical, and political tensions and pitfalls, they can nevertheless play an important role in stimulating critical bioethics culture in countries vulnerable to exploitation by foreign agencies and/or their own authorities.

Rennie, Stuart; Mupenda, Bavon

2012-01-01

291

Ethical Issues in Cardiac Surgery  

PubMed Central

While ethical behavior has always been part of cardiac surgical practice, ethical deliberation has only recently become an important component of cardiac surgical practice. Issues such as informed consent, conflict of interest, and professional self-regulation, among many others, have increasingly attracted the attention of cardiac surgeons. This review covers several broad topics of interest to cardiac surgeons and cardiologists, and treats several other topics more briefly. There is much uncertainty about what the future holds for cardiac surgical practice, research, and culture, and we discuss the background of ethical issues to serve as a platform for envisioning what is to come. PMID:22642634

Kavarana, Minoo N.; Sade, Robert M.

2012-01-01

292

Managing wildlife ethics issues ethically  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wildlifers seldom write about ethics, yet ethical issues are among the most intractable of wildlife management issues. Society's value orientations about wildlife have been changing slowly over the last several decades. An increasingly urbanized and educated population no longer unequivocally supports wildlife management programs that tend to regard wildlife as utilitarian objects. State wildlife agencies and their employees have been

R. Bruce Gill

2000-01-01

293

Genetic Counseling for Hearing Loss.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses epidemiologic and demographic characteristics of hereditary hearing loss and genetic evaluation and counseling. It discusses who should have genetic counseling, the genetic counseling process, and effects of genetics technology on the genetic counseling process. A case study of a 2-year-old with severe sensorineural hearing…

Arnos, Kathleen S.

1997-01-01

294

Internship Handbook For School Counseling  

E-print Network

Internship Handbook For School Counseling Internship in School Counseling COUN 668 Graduate Counseling Program Old Dominion University January 2014 #12;School Counseling Internship Handbook January FOR INTERNSHIP page 3 IV. SCHOOL INTERNSHIP SITE page 5 V. GOALS AND OBJECTIVES page 6 VI. REQUIREMENTS page 6 a

295

Counselling in neonatal intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Counselling is a professional intervention based on skills to communicate and to build relationships. The project "Not alone", related to counselling at our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, is aimed to let counselling become a "shared culture" for all the care givers. The first essential aspect is to form the ability of counselling through periodic courses for all professionals of the department (physicians, nurses, physiotherapists). In our department a professional counsellor is present assisting the medical staff in direct counselling. The counsellor's intervention allows a better parent orientation in the situation. A more effective sharing of these rules also facilitates the communication among parents and medical staff. Periodic meetings are established among the medical staff, in which the professional counsellor discusses difficult situations in order to share possible communicative strategies. We wanted to have not only a common communicative style, but also common subjects, independent from the characteristics of each of us. Individuals are often faced with diverse situations. For every setting that we more frequently face in communication (for example the first interview with a parent of a very preterm infant) we have built an "algorithm" that follows a pattern: (1) information always given; (2) frequent questions from parents, (3) frequent difficulties in the communication. We also need to record important moments, for instance the "case history of the communication": in fact it would be desirable to have the case history, a sheet dedicated to important communications that are absolutely to be shared with other professionals. PMID:21089730

Fabris, C; Coscia, A; Tonetto, P; Bertino, E; Quadrino, S

2010-06-01

296

Genetic counselling in tribals in India  

PubMed Central

Genetic counselling in tribals unlike general population residing in cities and near villages is a difficult task due of their lower literacy and poor socio-economic status. However, sustained effort is essential with a close interaction in the local language, certain misbeliefs need to be removed gradually taking into account their socio-cultural background. The present communication deals with our experience in counselling for haemoglobinopathies during Neonatal Screening Programme undertaken for sickle cell disease in Kalahandi district of Orissa and Community Screening Programmes in primitive tribes of India in four States viz. Orissa, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Counselling during neonatal screening programme was very well accepted demonstrating the benefit to the small babies as regards the morbidity. Premarital marriage counselling was also accepted by them. The success rate as followed up for 5 years is almost 50 per cent, the limitation being long follow up. Genetic counselling in these areas has to be continuous to achieve success and therefore the need for setting up of permanent centres in the tribal areas in India. PMID:22089621

Mohanty, Dipika; Das, Kishalaya

2011-01-01

297

Culturally Competent Counselors: A Self-Assessment Rubric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines graduate counseling students' affective and cognitive development related to cultural competence. Counseling Process and Cross Cultural Counseling, two required courses in a master's degree program at a regional university in the Midwest, were designed to provide a knowledge-base about cultural differences and to project how…

Ametrano, Irene Mass; Callaway, Yvonne L.; Stickel, Sue A.

298

Ethics (lesson)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students examine some examples of ethical issues that have resulted from our expanded knowledge of neuroscience. They are asked to write a position paper describing their own point of view on one of these controversial topics.

2009-04-14

299

Therapy and Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... common reasons why people seek therapy include: Depression Marriage problems, infidelity, divorce or other relationship issues Sexual ... other during times of crisis. Couples therapy or marriage counseling can help couples solve problems together, communicate ...

300

Whom are we counselling?  

PubMed

Non-directional counseling of patients is introduced experientially in a 5-day residential course at the College of Ripon and New York St. John in England. Groups of 3 work on real problems presented by a doctor, with some sessions videotaped for later analysis. Over the past 5 years, 200 doctors, primarily trainees, have participated in the course. The doctors ranged in age from 25-60 years, and participated for a variety of reasons. Increasing frustration with traditional medicine, doubts about career or specialty choice, and doubts about their ability to help others were among the reasons cited for participation. The course is emotionally intense for both students and tutors, but a feeling of camaraderie develops, particularly between the trio members. Although the course was not intended to provide psychotherapy for doctors, the exploration of a patient's problem can lead to a process of self-discovery. Tutors felt keenly the inability to offer proper personal counseling for some of the participants, which highlighted the current lack of organized counseling services for doctors. The rate of suicide, drug abuse, and marital problems in the medical profession is indicative of the need for such counseling. But, because of self and public perceptions about the omnipotence of doctors, it is questionable that doctors would avail themselves of counseling services. This course might provide a realistic option, in that its overt aim is teaching a skill while covertly offering a limited amount of personal counseling. PMID:4093904

Bahrami, J

1985-12-01

301

The Technological Blind Spot in Business Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

From all directions comes confirmation that technology, information technology above all, is radically transforming today’s business. All observers predict that this technologizing of business will continue in the 21st century with major consequences. This article argues that business ethics cases (the most popular way of approaching business ethics) as well as the broader corporate cultural values (a less popular but

David W. Gill

1999-01-01

302

The impact of life stage and societal culture on subordinate influence ethics: A study of Brazil, China, Germany, and the U.S  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the effects of societal values and life stage on subordinate influence ethics. Based on the evolving crossvergence theory of macro-level predictors of values evolution, we demonstrate the applicability of crossvergence theory in the micro-level context. Furthermore, our study provides the first empirical multi-level analysis of influence ethics utilizing a multiple-country sample. Thus, we illustrate how

David A. Ralston; Carolyn P. Egri; Tania Casado; Pingping Fu; Florian Wangenheim

2009-01-01

303

Throwaway ethic in America  

SciTech Connect

The throwaway ethic is the belief that it is desirable to use and discard products rapidly, rather than maintain and reuse them for a long period of time. The purpose of this dissertation is to show how and why the throwaway ethic evolved in America, and to describe its place in the structure of American society. The approach used is that of material culture: the study of a society's attitudes through its artifacts. The three artifact groups chosen are watches, paper products, and bottles, representing durable products, nondurable products, and packaging, the three broad categories of consumer products. Changing patterns in the use and disposal of these artifacts, from the eighteenth century to the present, are described in depth. We find that throwaway products and habits appear in the late nineteenth century. The throwaway ethic as a recognized and articulated principle of conduct emerges after World War II. The final conclusion is that the throwaway ethic is a result both of mass production, which alters the monetary value of products, and affluence, which alters the social values of leisure and thrift, and as such is intimately related to the economic foundations of industrial society.

Busch, J.C.

1983-01-01

304

For Researchers on Animals, Ethics Training Is Sparse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the past several decades have brought federal regulations that are designed to make animal research more humane, ethics courses still form only a patchwork across colleges. The amount and types of ethical training available to students vary widely by program and the culture of an institution. Now discussions about animal-research ethics that…

Keller, Josh

2008-01-01

305

Teaching Ethics in International Business Courses: The Impacts of Religions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implicit in most comparative ethical studies is the assumption that cultural and religious differences between countries are the major reasons behind the variations in ethical beliefs and business practice across nations. This article examines research on the international ethical issues and the common moral concerns that permeate differing…

Ruhe, John; Lee, Monle

2008-01-01

306

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum placements. These placements allow you to  

E-print Network

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum development in real counselling settings. The general goal of the Counselling Psychology Practica. Students in the Master of Education (Counselling Psychology) program are responsible for making their own

Morris, Joy

307

Ethics AMS Ethics Guide SSC Ethical Code Questions ? Case Studies in Mathematics and Statistics  

E-print Network

Ethics AMS Ethics Guide SSC Ethical Code Questions ? Case Studies Ethics in Mathematics Questions ? Case Studies Outline Ethics AMS Ethics Guide SSC Ethical Code Questions ? Case Studies #12;Ethics AMS Ethics Guide SSC Ethical Code Questions ? Case Studies References · Laura Shanner, Prof

Hillen, Thomas

308

The Importance of Ethical Training for the Improvement of Ethical Decision-Making: Evidence from Germany and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on three independent samples from Germany and the United States, this exploratory, cross-cultural study examines empirically the importance of ethical training for the improvement of ethical decision-making. The results of the study reveal a significant difference in the use of corporate codes of conduct and ethical training, as well as…

Rottig, Daniel; Heischmidt, Kenneth A.

2007-01-01

309

Ethical ideology and ethical judgment regarding ethical issues in business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences in ethical ideology are thought to influence individuals' reasoning about moral issues (Forsyth and Nye, 1990; Forsyth, 1992). To date, relatively little research has addressed this proposition in terms of business-related ethical issues. In the present study, four groups, representing four distinct ethical ideologies, were created based on the two dimensions of the Ethical Position Questionnaire (idealism and relativism),

Tim Barnett; Ken Bass; Gene Brown

1994-01-01

310

THE ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITY OF THE THERAPIST IN MULTICULTURAL COUNSELING  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a therapist, the therapeutic alliance formed in the relationship building phase of counseling is of critical importance in setting the stage for the future success and outcomes of treatment. When working with an ethnic minority population, it is imperative that the therapist take into consideration aspects of the client's culture, such as language and socio cultural norms. At times

Jill Leppanen Lerner

311

Two Spirit: Counseling Native American Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cultural world of the Two Spirit, the traditional role of Native individuals believed to possess both male and female spirit, is explored in both "old ways" and current-day experiences. Cultural beliefs and meanings around sexual identity are discussed from a Native perspective with recommendations for counseling Two Spirit clients. (Contains…

Garrett, Michael Tlanusta; Barret, Bob

2003-01-01

312

28 CFR 550.43 - Drug counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Drug counseling. 550.43 Section 550.43 ...Drug Services (Urine Surveillance and Counseling for Sentenced Inmates in Contract CTCs) § 550.43 Drug counseling. (a) Drug counseling...

2012-07-01

313

28 CFR 550.43 - Drug counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Drug counseling. 550.43 Section 550.43 ...Drug Services (Urine Surveillance and Counseling for Sentenced Inmates in Contract CTCs) § 550.43 Drug counseling. (a) Drug counseling...

2014-07-01

314

28 CFR 550.43 - Drug counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Drug counseling. 550.43 Section 550.43 ...Drug Services (Urine Surveillance and Counseling for Sentenced Inmates in Contract CTCs) § 550.43 Drug counseling. (a) Drug counseling...

2011-07-01

315

28 CFR 550.43 - Drug counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Drug counseling. 550.43 Section 550.43 ...Drug Services (Urine Surveillance and Counseling for Sentenced Inmates in Contract CTCs) § 550.43 Drug counseling. (a) Drug counseling...

2010-07-01

316

28 CFR 550.43 - Drug counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Drug counseling. 550.43 Section 550.43 ...Drug Services (Urine Surveillance and Counseling for Sentenced Inmates in Contract CTCs) § 550.43 Drug counseling. (a) Drug counseling...

2013-07-01

317

Environmental Ethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dr. Ron Epstein of San Francisco State University has compiled this comprehensive online source of information on environmental ethics. The site is simply presented, consisting of a straightforward menu of topics that link mostly to related external Web pages. Topics covered include environmental effects of war, genetic engineering, cloning, indigenous peoples, and much more. While some of the provided links appear to be duds, anyone interested in exploring the field of environmental ethics should find this convenient and well-organized collection of links useful.

318

Ethical accountability in the cyberspace  

SciTech Connect

Conformance with ethical behavior consists of adherence to the standards of conduct for any given group. When standards are not formalized, there can exist ethical disparity from which many diverse problems can result. These problems are especially evident in the cyberspace. Within the cyberspace, the {open_quote}given group{close_quote} is culturally and ethnically diverse. As such, it $8 difficult to hold the individuals to a nonformalized set of standards. Several important issues need to be addressed in order to balance each individual`s dual needs for freedom of expression and protection in the cyberspace. These issues include development of formalized standards, a general protocol for cross- cultural interaction, and ethical accountability.

Nance, K.L.; Strohmaier, M. [Univ. of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK (United States)

1994-12-31

319

Engineering ethics beyond engineers' ethics.  

PubMed

Engineering ethics is usually focused on engineers' ethics, engineers acting as individuals. Certainly, these professionals play a central role in the matter, but engineers are not a singularity inside engineering; they exist and operate as a part of a complex network of mutual relationships between many other people, organizations and groups. When engineering ethics and engineers' ethics are taken as one and the same thing the paradigm of the ethical engineer which prevails is that of the heroic engineer, a certain model of the ideal engineer: someone both quite individualistic and strong enough to deal with all the moral challenges that could arise. We argue that this is not the best approach, at least today in our interrelated world. We have achieved a high degree of independence from nature by means of technology. In exchange for this autonomy we have become increasingly tied up with very complex systems to which we constantly delegate new tasks and powers. Concerns about safety keep growing everywhere due to the fact that now we have a sensitive awareness of the huge amount of power we are both consuming and deploying, thus, new forms of dialogue and consensus have to be incorporated at different levels, in different forums and at different times. Within these democratic channels of participation not just the needs and interests, but also the responsibilities and mutual commitments of all parties should be taken into account. PMID:21761243

Basart, Josep M; Serra, Montse

2013-03-01

320

The University of Sheffield Counselling Service How can counselling help?  

E-print Network

. Counselling does not offer instant solutions. It can be hard work and progress can be slow or painful. It mayThe University of Sheffield Counselling Service How can counselling help? Most of us find how we feel, rather than simply feeling it, may enable a person to regain control of their life

Stevenson, Mark

321

"Green" Counseling: Integrating Reused Household Materials into Creative Counseling Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of reused or recycled materials in counseling interventions provides counselors with an opportunity to use unique counseling mediums while simultaneously being socially and fiscally responsible. In this article, ways that reused or recycled items can be used in counseling are discussed. Practical suggestions for using reused or recycled…

Adamson, Nicole A.; Kress, Victoria E.

2011-01-01

322

The Ghosts of Counseling Psychology: Is Counseling Research Really Dead?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scheel et al. offer an interesting analysis on the publication rate of counseling-related research articles in counseling psychology's two major journals. In this reaction to their work, the author considers various aspects of their results and contemplates possible explanations for the decline of counseling-related publications. The author…

Murdock, Nancy L.

2011-01-01

323

COUN 668: Internship in School Counseling MSEd Counseling,  

E-print Network

INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK COUN 668: Internship in School Counseling MSEd Counseling, Old Dominion COUNSELING INTERNSHIP I. INTRODUCTION The supervised internship experience will enable students to practice The prerequisites for Internship are as follows: COUN 601, 633, 634, 642 or 644, 645, 648, 650, and 669. In addition

324

[Counseling in artificial fertilization].  

PubMed

Since 1 October 1990, German legislation requires compulsory counselling of an infertile couple before artificial insemination on the medical and psychosocial aspects, by a doctor not performing the treatment. A prerequisite of successful counselling, which enables the couple to take a decision and helps coping with the psychosocial stress of sterility and its consequences, is, in addition to the intrinsic motivation of the couple, also the empathy and the discussion with the doctor. Subject for counselling should be the burdens of therapy, effects of the sterility upon sexuality, partnership, and communication, motivations for wanting a child and the functions of the child for both partners individually and as a partnership. As a prophylactic measure against the development of a neurotic desire for a child and a fixation upon sterility therapy, alternative resolving strategies for therapy failure should be discussed and developed. PMID:1743465

Schuth, W; Breckwoldt, M

1991-09-01

325

When Is Sexual Counseling Helpful?  

MedlinePLUS

... Can testosterone restore sexual functioning? When is sexual counseling helpful? Any sexual problem caused or worsened by anxiety can be helped through counseling with a mental health therapist who specializes in ...

326

Effects of ethical context on conflict and commitment among Chinese accountants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to addresses the impact of organizational ethical context (ethical climate and ethical culture) and Machiavellianism on organizational-professional conflict (OPC) and affective organizational commitment (OC) among Chinese accountants. The paper also aims to test for interactive effects of ethical context and Machiavellianism. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper is based on a field survey of

William E. Shafer; Zhihong Wang

2010-01-01

327

Robot companions and ethics a pragmatic approach of ethical design.  

PubMed

From his experience as ethical expert for two Robot Companion prototype projects aiming at empowering older MCI persons to remain at home and to support their family carers, Gerard Cornet, Gerontologist, review the ethical rules, principles and pragmatic approaches in different cultures. The ethical process of these two funded projects, one European, Companionable (FP7 e-inclusion call1), the other French, Quo vadis (ANR tecsan) are described from the inclusion of the targeted end users in the process, to the assessment and ranking of their main needs and whishes to design the specifications, test the performance expected. Obstacles to turn round and limits for risks evaluation (directs or implicit), acceptability, utility, respect of intimacy and dignity, and balance with freedom and security and frontiers to artificial intelligence are discussed As quoted in the discussion with the French and Japanese experts attending the Toulouse Robotics and medicine symposium (March 26th 2011), the need of a new ethical approach, going further the present ethical rules is needed for the design and social status of ethical robots, having capacity cas factor of progress and global quality of innovation design in an ageing society. PMID:24558735

Cornet, Gérard

2013-12-01

328

Ethics Committee (COMETS) Ethics and expert assessments  

E-print Network

Ethics Committee (COMETS) Ethics and expert assessments ajor topicExpert assessments are an area of the CNRS, the French National Centre for Scientific Research, made a formal request to the ethics committee programme on Ethics and Evaluation (see http://www2.cnrs.fr/band/254.htm), the COMETS began its study

van Tiggelen, Bart

329

Ethics Checklist Senate Committee on Ethics  

E-print Network

Ethics Checklist 1 Senate Committee on Ethics in Human Research and Scholarship (SCEHRS) Revised: July 2010 Category `B' Human Ethics Checklist Category B includes all research/scholarship not exempted from ethics review that is NOT about an individual in the public arena or an artist. This Checklist

Martin, Jeff

330

Ethics Checklist Senate Committee on Ethics  

E-print Network

Ethics Checklist 1 Senate Committee on Ethics in Human Research and Scholarship (SCEHRS) Revised: July 2010 Category `A' Human Ethics Checklist Category A includes research/scholarship about a living and for categories of research/scholarship exempted from ethics review, see the SCHERS Policies and Procedures

Martin, Jeff

331

Introduction to Ethics What is Ethics?  

E-print Network

Introduction to Ethics #12;What is Ethics? Morality concerns the norms (rules, principles) we accept regarding how to treat one another. Ethics is the study of these norms ­ what they are and how we attempt to justify them. #12;What Ethics Isn't Morality and religion are not the same thing; the norms

Callender, Craig

332

Forensic Ethics and Indirect Practice for the Rehabilitation Counselor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For nearly 50 years, the specialty area of forensics has emerged as an established practice setting in rehabilitation counseling, and it is predicted to be the fastest-growing area of practice in the profession. Reflecting the increased number of practitioners in the specialty, the revised "Code for Professional Ethics of Rehabilitation…

Barros-Bailey, Mary; Carlisle, Jeffrey; Blackwell, Terry L.

2010-01-01

333

Ethical Responsibilities in Training Marriage and Family Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate programs in marriage and family counseling must adhere to ethical codes and standards for training students. A question arises concerning the amount of specialized training that should be included within the larger counselor education discipline. This article addresses the standards for training and competence as set forth by the Council…

Levitt, Dana Heller

2004-01-01

334

Abraham Maslow's Legacy for Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the life of Abraham Maslow, a key founder of the humanistic approach to counseling, and his contributions to the counseling field. Maintains that Maslow's innovative work was often misinterpreted by both his admirers and his critics, yet remains highly relevant to current concerns in counseling. (Author/PVV)

Hoffman, Edward

1990-01-01

335

Contemporary Counseling: Services, Applications, Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written to serve as a basic text in courses that overview the use of counseling services and to serve as a useful reference for counseling practitioners. It is designed to stress counseling services in different settings (social agencies, mental health centers, schools, business/industry, correctional institutions, and private…

Humes, Charles W.

336

Counseling: Measuring the Job Payoff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study undertaken to assess the effectiveness of employment counseling for more than 10,000 applicants indicated that the placement rate for counseled applicants was almost twice that for all applicants although the counseled applicants were, in general, more difficult to place, since many had two or more employment barriers. (SA)

Mason, Philip

1974-01-01

337

Group Counselling for Problem Gambling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group counseling has been used to assist individuals to overcome difficulties associated with problem gambling behavior; however, there are few reports of this application in the clinical and research literature. This paper provides a brief review of group counseling, and describes the application of group counseling to assist individuals with…

Coman, Gregory J.; Evans, Barry J.; Burrows, Graham D.

2002-01-01

338

Counseling the Gifted and Talented.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This graduate-level textbook provides a framework for understanding giftedness, and considers the counseling process and strategies for counseling in the schools. Chapters include: "The Gifted Individual" (Linda Kreger Silverman); "The Quest for Meaning: Counseling Issues with Gifted Children and Adolescents" (Deirdre V. Lovecky); "A Developmental…

Silverman, Linda Kreger, Ed.

339

Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve conference papers on cultural aspects of second language instruction include: "Towards True Multiculturalism: Ideas for Teachers" (Brian McVeigh); Comparing Cultures Through Critical Thinking: Development and Interpretations of Meaningful Observations" (Laurel D. Kamada); "Authority and Individualism in Japan and the USA" (Alisa Woodring);…

1997

340

Counseling in Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The counseling profession in Italy is in an early stage of development. No university preparation programs exist, and counselors are not employed in schools. Counselors maintain private practices, work in agencies, and are employed by the government. Counselors receive their preparation in Italy from professional associations in programs that…

Remley, Theodore P.; Bacchini, Eugenio; Krieg, Paul

2010-01-01

341

Group Counseling: Health Related.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diabetes and sickle cell anemia (SCA) are two health-related characteristics that distinguish young people from their peers. This article outlines the problems of children with diabetes and SCA and presents the goals and format for group counseling of these populations and their parents. (Author/BEF)

McFadden, Johnnie

1979-01-01

342

A Maslovian Counseling Method.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With Maslow's hierarchy as a basis, the model provides structure for setting goals in counseling cases and overall programs. Different kinds of client concerns are identified, and suggestions are made for using these 14 categories. The article includes specific suggestions for using the model in diagnosis, evaluation, counselor education, and…

Kirkpatrick, J. Stephen

1979-01-01

343

Assessing Campus Counseling Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Campus mental health needs are in the spotlight. Whether the nature and severity of problems presenting in college counseling centers are increasing or not, it is important to provide appropriate services for the campus as a whole. By surveying the general campus population, a better basis for determining the needs of students can be established…

Harrar, William R.; Affsprung, Eric H.; Long, Jeffrey C.

2010-01-01

344

Credentialing in Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document discusses all aspects of credentialing from both a past and present perspective, considers the future of counselor credentialing, and provides a synopsis of the credentialing movement in counseling. Seven chapters are included: (1) "Counselor Credentialing: Purpose and Origin" (Thomas J. Sweeney); (2) "Counselor Certification"…

Bradley, Fred O., Ed.

345

Writing as Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promotes writing as a counseling technique to enhance a child's psychological growth. Notes that writing enhances awareness by helping individuals organize their inner selves, contributing to personal integration and self-validation, and providing a cathartic emotional release. Describes current therapeutic writing practices and a therapeutic…

Brand, Alice G.

1987-01-01

346

DOES GRIEF COUNSELING WORK?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most bereavement caregivers accept as a truism that their interventions are helpful. However, an examination of the bereavement intervention literature suggests that the scientific basis for accepting the efficacy of grief counseling may be quite weak. This article summarizes the findings of four recent qualitative and quantitative reviews of the bereavement intervention literature. It then discusses three possible explanations for

JOHN R. JORDAN; ROBERT A. NEIMEYER

2003-01-01

347

UNIVERSITY COUNSELLING SERVICE Perfectionism  

E-print Network

issue in the development of eating disorders and compulsive exercising. The pursuit of unrealistic goalsUNIVERSITY COUNSELLING SERVICE Perfectionism Perfectionism refers to self-defeating thoughts and behaviours associated with setting high and often unreachable goals. Perfectionism affects people in many

Feigon, Brooke

348

MODELS OF ETHICAL ACTING THE FAIR TRADE AGRICULTURE AS AN EXAMPLE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND RESPECT OF CULTURES, NATURE AND HUMAN RIGHTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many general aspects of relationships between humankind and nature are worthy of discussion and investigation also on the side of theology. In different papers the perspective opened by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin in respect to Roman Catholic Theology and Environmental ethics was discussed. Confronting with evolution of matter, of life and of humankind Teilhard developed the concept of moving towards:

Stefano Ristori; Lodovico Galleni

349

Do Ethics Classes Teach Ethics?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ethics assessment industry is currently dominated by the second version of the Defining Issues Test (DIT2). In this article, we describe an alternative assessment instrument called the Sphere-Specific Moral Reasoning and Theory Survey (SMARTS), which measures the respondent's level of moral development in several respects. We describe…

Curzer, Howard J.; Sattler, Sabrina; DuPree, Devin G.; Smith-Genthôs, K. Rachelle

2014-01-01

350

An Ethic of Freedom  

E-print Network

that are common to the species, and given that we all struggle to survive and fulfill our particular interests, at the same time that we are embedded in families, societies, and cultures?that is, collectivities?that shape our lives and personal possibilities..., expensive, unusual, or simply not worth my time. When I reveal objects and/or signification and contribute to additional objects and/or further signification, in Beauvoirean terms, I disclose being (A4) (Ethics 41). Disclosure is for Beauvoir a...

Morgan, Anne Marie

2009-02-09

351

Effect of pre-test genetic counseling for deaf adults on knowledge of genetic testing.  

PubMed

Empirical data on genetic counseling outcomes in the deaf population are needed to better serve this population. This study was an examination of genetics knowledge before and after culturally and linguistically appropriate pre-test genetic counseling in a diverse deaf adult sample. Individuals ?18 years old with early-onset sensorineural deafness were offered connexin-26/30 testing and genetic counseling. Participants completed questionnaires containing 10 genetics knowledge items at baseline and following pre-test genetic counseling. The effects of genetic counseling, prior beliefs about etiology, and participant's preferred language on genetics knowledge scores were assessed (n?=?244). Pre-test genetic counseling (p?=?.0007), language (p?counseling and beliefs (p?=?.035) were predictors of genetics knowledge. American Sign Language (ASL)-users and participants with "non-genetic/unknown" prior beliefs had lower knowledge scores than English-users and participants with "genetic" prior beliefs, respectively. Genetics knowledge improved after genetic counseling regardless of participants' language; knowledge change was greater for the "non-genetic/unknown" beliefs group than the "genetic" beliefs group. ASL-users' lower knowledge scores are consistent with evidence that ethnic and cultural minority groups have less genetics knowledge, perhaps from exposure and access disparities. Culturally and linguistically appropriate pre-test genetic counseling significantly improved deaf individuals' genetics knowledge. Assessing deaf individuals' prior beliefs is important for enhancing genetics knowledge. PMID:21818696

Baldwin, Erin E; Boudreault, Patrick; Fox, Michelle; Sinsheimer, Janet S; Palmer, Christina G S

2012-04-01

352

Single-Case Design in Child Counseling Research: Implications for Counselor Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselor education programs are ethically bound to teach methods of research and evaluation so counselors may identify counseling methods that have a reasonable probability of success. Single-case design represents rigorous research practice, is amenable to practice, and allows the practitioner the opportunity to explore interventions from…

Ray, Dee C.; Minton, Casey A. Barrio; Schottelkorb, April A.; Brown, April Garofano

2010-01-01

353

The Assimilation of Problematic Experiences Sequence: An Approach to Evidence-Based Practice in Bereavement Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current theories of bereavement are available and complex and suggest that for the bereaved there is no single pathway through grief. This challenges ethically motivated bereavement counselors to integrate theory into evidence-based practice. The Assimilation of Problematic Experiences Sequence offers a way forward for evaluating the effectiveness of bereavement counseling. Parallels are drawn between grief as disrupted self-narrative and grief

John Wilson

2011-01-01

354

Counseling and Testing: What Counselors Need to Know about State Laws on Assessment and Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses testing in counseling, the history of psychology's attempts to restrict access to testing, and the potential impact on the public. Counselors are encouraged to obtain appropriate training in assessment and to understand that testing is not only consistent with fair testing policies but also essential for ethical practice.…

Naugle, Kim A.

2009-01-01

355

Increasing Multicultural Understanding: A Comprehensive Model. Multiculltural Aspects of Counseling Series 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book sets forth a process for implementing effective education and counseling strategies for culturally diverse populations. In particular, it helps to identify characteristics of cultures, to make comparisons between the dominant culture and culturally different groups, and to develop strategies or interventions for students or clients. Key…

Locke, Don C.

356

Computers: from ethos and ethics to mythos and religion. Notes on the new frontier between computers and philosophy  

SciTech Connect

This essay surveys recent studies concerning the social, cultural, ethical and religious dimensions of computers. The argument is that computers have certain cultural influences which call for ethical analysis. Further suggestions are that American culture is itself reflected in new ways in the high-technology computer milieu, and that ethical issues entail religious ones which are being largely ignored. 28 references.

Mitcham, C.

1986-01-01

357

Eer ethics  

SciTech Connect

Intelligent agents are personified as epers, electronic personas. Epers can take on various roles as business representatives, financial agents, game players, teachers or civil servants. The ethical deployment of epers requires that they be accountable to their originators, who, in turn, are responsible to the cyberspace communities in which they are involved. Epers must maintain integrity of information, carry out tasks as directed and report accurately on task status. Epers can be custodians of the truth, responsible for certifying that data has not been altered. Public service epers could chair electronic meetings, collect and validate votes on local issues and referee online {open_quotes}flame{close_quotes} wars. Epers` rights include those of privacy, autonomy and anonymity. They could decline to produce information aside from key identifiers and have the right to be protected from arbitrary deletion. Ethical issues include privacy protections, maintenance of appropriate access restrictions, and carrying out business in a secure and trustworthy manner.

Orwant, C.J.

1994-12-31

358

Ethical consideration.  

PubMed

The twofold distinction between interventions into the germ line and interventions into somatic cells on the one hand and between the treatment of diseases and enhancement on the other hand resulted in the concept of somatic gene therapy. There is a nearly unanimous agreement that somatic gene therapy has a high-ranking moral objective and uses methods that extend current techniques for treating diseases in a morally acceptable way. In its experimental phase principles of research ethics as the autonomy and the informed consent of the patient or the test person, a fair selection of test persons and a careful weighing of risks and benefits have to be taken into account and several specific points have to be considered. Experimental somatic gene therapy requires a positive vote of a competent and independent ethics committee. PMID:21590407

Fuchs, Michael

2011-01-01

359

Faculty ethics: ideal principles with practical applications.  

PubMed

Ethics in higher education is the subject of intense public attention, with considerable focus on faculty roles and responsibilities. Media reports and scholarly research have documented egregious misconduct that includes plagiarism, falsification of data, illicit teacher-student relationships, and grading bias. These accounts of wrongdoing often portray faculty ethicality as only a legal issue of obeying rules and regulations, especially in the teaching and research roles. My discussion challenges this narrow perspective and argues that characterizations of faculty ethicality should take into account broader expectations for professionalism such as collegiality, respect, and freedom of inquiry. First, I review the general principles of faculty ethics developed by the American Association of University Professors, as well as professional codes of ethics in specific professional fields. Second, I juxtapose the experiences of women and minority faculty members in relation to these general codes of ethics. This section examines three issues that particularly affect women and minority faculty experiences of ethicality: "chilly and alienating" academic climates, "cultural taxation" of minority identity, and the snare of conventional reward systems. Third, I suggest practical strategies to reconcile faculty practice with codes of ethics. My challenge is to the faculty as a community of practice to engage professional ethics as social and political events, not just legal and moral failures. PMID:20054074

Reybold, L Earle

2009-01-01

360

Knowledge of ethics, perceived ethical problems and ethical judgments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to investigate: the influence of knowledge of ethics (KOE) on auditors' perceived ethical problems (PEB); the influence of PEB on ethical judgments (EJ); and the mediating impact of PEB that mediate the relationship between KOE and EJ. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 940 questionnaires were distributed to auditors of audit firms in Malaysia and 250

Maheran Zakaria; Hasnah Haron; Ishak Ismail

2010-01-01

361

Expectations about Counseling and Psychotherapy and Acculturation in Mexican-American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge about client expectations of counseling is important in its contribution to theory and practice, particularly for those ethnic and cultural populations presently underserved. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among acculturation and expectations about counseling in a majority (non-Hispanic) and minority…

Kunkel, Mark A.; Plescia, Joanne

362

Feminist Group Counseling with South Asian Women Who Have Survived Intimate Partner Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how to use a feminist approach in group counseling with South Asian women who have survived intimate partner violence (IPV). South Asian culture, including gender-role expectations and attitudes about family violence, is discussed. A case study detailing a feminist counseling group conducted with this population is presented.…

Singh, Anneliese A.; Hays, Danica G.

2008-01-01

363

Counseling for Diversity. A Guide for School Counselors and Related Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides practicing school counselors and their colleagues in related professions with direction for developing, implementing, and evaluating counseling programs for culturally diverse student groups. It also serves as a useful methods textbook for counselor training. Intervention strategies and counseling techniques are presented in the…

Lee, Courtland C., Ed.

364

Theory and Practice: Ernest Becker: a vital resource for counselling psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we highlight the work of Ernest Becker for counselling psychology professionals and provide a brief overview of Becker's contributions. Several important themes from his writings relevant to counselling psychology are reviewed, including: the uniqueness of man, socialization and self-esteem, culture and heroism, the relativity of heroism, the fear of death, and the dynamics of evil. We also

Patrick H. Munley; Phillip D. Johnson

2003-01-01

365

The Ethics Connection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University, the Ethics Connection demonstrates the power of the Web as an interactive information and communication medium. This site combines excellent content, form, and function to provide teachers, researchers, community leaders, and the public "with strategies to heighten ethical awareness and improve ethical decision making." The rich information resources at the Ethics Connection include an interactive forum for the discussion of ethical issues; an extensive collection of the latest news and publications on ethics, featuring the Markkula Center's own quarterly, Issues in Ethics; a collection of several case studies on ethics, which include message boards for visitors' comments; a Practicing Ethics section, offering numerous resources for day-to-day ethical decision making; and a compilation of 900 ethical links, all of which are categorized, rated, and reviewed.

366

Biomedical Ethics & Medical Humanities  

E-print Network

BEMH Biomedical Ethics & Medical Humanities Scholarly Concentration Stanford University School? The Biomedical Ethics and Medical Humanities Scholarly Concentration is part of the new initiative at Stanford interactions, neonatology, issues of limited resources, ethics of medical advances, informed consent issues

Ford, James

367

Published in Proceedings of the 2004 SIGMIS Conference on Computer Personnel Research: Careers, Culture, and Ethics in a Networked Environment, 120-123.  

E-print Network

is to systematically investigate the contribution of organizational culture to student experiences and outcomes at the departmental, university, and disciplinary levels. These measures of organizational culture will be correlated of organizational culture to student experiences and outcomes via surveys and in-depth interviews of students

Herring, Susan

368

6 CFR 17.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 17.425 Section 17.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 17.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-01-01

369

6 CFR 17.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 17.425 Section 17.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 17.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-01-01

370

28 CFR 54.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 54.425 Section 54.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 54.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-07-01

371

7 CFR 15a.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 15a.36 Section 15a.36...Programs and Activities Prohibited § 15a.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-01-01

372

34 CFR 106.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 106.36 Section 106.36...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 106.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-07-01

373

28 CFR 54.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 54.425 Section 54.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 54.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-07-01

374

29 CFR 36.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 36.425 Section 36.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 36.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-07-01

375

7 CFR 15a.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 15a.36 Section 15a.36...Programs and Activities Prohibited § 15a.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-01-01

376

28 CFR 54.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 54.425 Section 54.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 54.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-07-01

377

13 CFR 113.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 113.425 Section 113.425...Programs Or Activities Prohibited § 113.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-01-01

378

49 CFR 25.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 25.425 Section 25.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 25.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-10-01

379

22 CFR 229.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 229.425 Section 229.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 229.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-04-01

380

7 CFR 15a.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 15a.36 Section 15a.36...Programs and Activities Prohibited § 15a.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-01-01

381

38 CFR 23.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 23.425 Section 23.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 23.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-07-01

382

32 CFR 196.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 196.425 Section 196.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 196.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-07-01

383

22 CFR 229.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 229.425 Section 229.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 229.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-04-01

384

45 CFR 618.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 618.425 Section 618.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 618.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-10-01

385

28 CFR 54.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 54.425 Section 54.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 54.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-07-01

386

45 CFR 86.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 86.36 Section 86.36 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-10-01

387

34 CFR 106.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 106.36 Section 106.36...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 106.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-07-01

388

40 CFR 5.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 5.425 Section 5.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-07-01

389

38 CFR 23.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 23.425 Section 23.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 23.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-07-01

390

40 CFR 5.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 5.425 Section 5.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-07-01

391

31 CFR 28.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 28.425 Section 28.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 28.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-07-01

392

15 CFR 8a.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 8a.425 Section 8a.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 8a.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-01-01

393

45 CFR 86.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 86.36 Section 86.36 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-10-01

394

43 CFR 41.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 41.425 Section 41.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 41.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-10-01

395

31 CFR 28.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 28.425 Section 28.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 28.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-07-01

396

44 CFR 19.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 19.425 Section 19.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 19.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-10-01

397

44 CFR 19.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 19.425 Section 19.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 19.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-10-01

398

10 CFR 5.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 5.425 Section 5.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-01-01

399

49 CFR 25.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 25.425 Section 25.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 25.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-10-01

400

6 CFR 17.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 17.425 Section 17.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 17.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-01-01

401

10 CFR 5.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 5.425 Section 5.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-01-01

402

24 CFR 3.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 3.425 Section 3.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 3.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-04-01

403

24 CFR 3.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 3.425 Section 3.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 3.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-04-01

404

7 CFR 15a.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 15a.36 Section 15a.36...Programs and Activities Prohibited § 15a.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-01-01

405

45 CFR 86.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 86.36 Section 86.36 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-10-01

406

40 CFR 5.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 5.425 Section 5.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-07-01

407

44 CFR 19.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 19.425 Section 19.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 19.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-10-01

408

31 CFR 28.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 28.425 Section 28.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 28.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-07-01

409

40 CFR 5.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 5.425 Section 5.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-07-01

410

32 CFR 196.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 196.425 Section 196.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 196.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-07-01

411

6 CFR 17.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 17.425 Section 17.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 17.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-01-01

412

34 CFR 106.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 106.36 Section 106.36...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 106.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-07-01

413

49 CFR 25.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 25.425 Section 25.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 25.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-10-01

414

13 CFR 113.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 113.425 Section 113.425...Programs Or Activities Prohibited § 113.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-01-01

415

43 CFR 41.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 41.425 Section 41.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 41.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-10-01

416

38 CFR 23.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 23.425 Section 23.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 23.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-07-01

417

43 CFR 41.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 41.425 Section 41.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 41.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-10-01

418

29 CFR 36.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 36.425 Section 36.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 36.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-07-01

419

22 CFR 146.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 146.425 Section 146.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 146.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-04-01

420

40 CFR 5.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 5.425 Section 5.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-07-01

421

15 CFR 8a.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 8a.425 Section 8a.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 8a.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-01-01

422

38 CFR 23.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 23.425 Section 23.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 23.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-07-01

423

13 CFR 113.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 113.425 Section 113.425...Programs Or Activities Prohibited § 113.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-01-01

424

43 CFR 41.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 41.425 Section 41.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 41.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-10-01

425

15 CFR 8a.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 8a.425 Section 8a.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 8a.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-01-01

426

45 CFR 618.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 618.425 Section 618.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 618.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-10-01

427

31 CFR 28.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 28.425 Section 28.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 28.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-07-01

428

31 CFR 28.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 28.425 Section 28.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 28.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-07-01

429

45 CFR 618.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 618.425 Section 618.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 618.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-10-01

430

45 CFR 86.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 86.36 Section 86.36 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-10-01

431

22 CFR 229.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 229.425 Section 229.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 229.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-04-01

432

22 CFR 229.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 229.425 Section 229.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 229.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-04-01

433

44 CFR 19.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 19.425 Section 19.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 19.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-10-01

434

10 CFR 5.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 5.425 Section 5.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-01-01

435

22 CFR 229.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 229.425 Section 229.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 229.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-04-01

436

22 CFR 146.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 146.425 Section 146.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 146.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-04-01

437

49 CFR 25.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 25.425 Section 25.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 25.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-10-01

438

28 CFR 54.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 54.425 Section 54.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 54.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-07-01

439

13 CFR 113.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 113.425 Section 113.425...Programs Or Activities Prohibited § 113.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-01-01

440

43 CFR 41.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 41.425 Section 41.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 41.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-10-01

441

29 CFR 36.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 36.425 Section 36.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 36.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-07-01

442

32 CFR 196.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 196.425 Section 196.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 196.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-07-01

443

32 CFR 196.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 196.425 Section 196.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 196.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-07-01

444

44 CFR 19.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 19.425 Section 19.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 19.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-10-01

445

34 CFR 106.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 106.36 Section 106.36...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 106.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-07-01

446

32 CFR 196.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 196.425 Section 196.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 196.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-07-01

447

7 CFR 15a.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 15a.36 Section 15a.36...Programs and Activities Prohibited § 15a.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-01-01

448

38 CFR 23.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 23.425 Section 23.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 23.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-07-01

449

22 CFR 146.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 146.425 Section 146.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 146.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-04-01

450

22 CFR 146.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 146.425 Section 146.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 146.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-04-01

451

15 CFR 8a.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 8a.425 Section 8a.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 8a.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-01-01

452

29 CFR 36.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 36.425 Section 36.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 36.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-07-01

453

13 CFR 113.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 113.425 Section 113.425...Programs Or Activities Prohibited § 113.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-01-01

454

45 CFR 86.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 86.36 Section 86.36 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-10-01

455

34 CFR 106.36 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 106.36 Section 106.36...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 106.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-07-01

456

15 CFR 8a.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 8a.425 Section 8a.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 8a.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-01-01

457

45 CFR 618.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 618.425 Section 618.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 618.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2013-10-01

458

24 CFR 3.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 3.425 Section 3.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 3.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-04-01

459

6 CFR 17.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 17.425 Section 17.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 17.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-01-01

460

22 CFR 146.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 146.425 Section 146.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 146.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-04-01

461

29 CFR 36.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 36.425 Section 36.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 36.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2012-07-01

462

10 CFR 5.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 5.425 Section 5.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2010-01-01

463

24 CFR 3.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 3.425 Section 3.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 3.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-04-01

464

49 CFR 25.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 25.425 Section 25.425...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 25.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-10-01

465

10 CFR 5.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 5.425 Section 5.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2011-01-01

466

24 CFR 3.425 - Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling materials. 3.425 Section 3.425 ...Programs or Activities Prohibited § 3.425 Counseling and use of appraisal and counseling...

2014-04-01

467

Counseling Older Persons: Careers, Retirement, Dying.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this monograph is on three areas of counseling with older clients: career counseling, retirement counseling, and counseling regarding death and dying. The portion on career counseling includes reasons older persons change careers, obstacles they are likely to face when seeking employment, myths surrounding the employability of older…

Sinick, Daniel

468

Teaching Business Ethics or Teaching Business Ethically?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that one of the most important contexts for ethical decision-making is the nature and operation of "contemporary capitalisms." Suggests that rather than issuing a call for teaching business ethics, the author emphasizes the need for more ethical business teaching. (SG)

Stablein, Ralph

2003-01-01

469

Under-use of counseling services by low acculturated Chinese international students  

E-print Network

This study??s primary focus was to determine why Chinese international students are not readily accessing counseling centers for help. A literature review explored issues of culture shock, acculturation, as well as help-seeking attitudes among...

Jarrahi, Leila

2005-08-29

470

Doing good medical ethics: a Christian perspective.  

PubMed

Despite the rise of the secular state, religion remains a significant force in society. Within Christianity this encompasses a wide variety of beliefs. These range from simple assertions of theism in a cultural context to complex theologies; from liberal emphases on uncertainty and exploration to dogmatic views of divine revelation. How one 'does' good medical ethics depends on these perspectives. Contingently, the Christian contribution to medical ethics has been huge and constructive. Central to that contribution is a core belief in the intrinsic value of human life, respect for which we are accountable to God. Christianity continues to deserve its place 'in the public square' and, specifically, in medical ethical discourse. PMID:25516951

Saunders, John

2015-01-01

471

Legal and Ethical Challenges in Counseling Suicidal Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a brief overview of some of the literature available to school counselors on the topics of ethnic and gender differences, methods, risk factors, precipitants of acts of self-harm, myths, and the profile of a potentially suicidal adolescent. Follows with a description of best practices for creating and implementing prevention, crisis…

Capuzzi, David

2002-01-01

472

Social work in a digital age: ethical and risk management challenges.  

PubMed

Digital, online, and other electronic technology has transformed the nature of social work practice. Contemporary social workers can provide services to clients by using online counseling, telephone counseling, video counseling, cybertherapy (avatar therapy), self-guided Web-based interventions, electronic social networks, e-mail, and text messages. The introduction of diverse digital, online, and other forms of electronic social services has created a wide range of complex ethical and related risk management issues. This article provides an overview of current digital, online, and electronic social work services; identifies compelling ethical issues related to practitioner competence, client privacy and confidentiality, informed consent, conflicts of interest, boundaries and dual relationships, consultation and client referral, termination and interruption of services, documentation, and research evidence; and offers practical risk management strategies designed to protect clients and social workers. The author identifies relevant standards from the NASW Code of Ethics and other resources designed to guide practice. PMID:23724579

Reamer, Frederic G

2013-04-01

473

Entering Communities: Social Justice Oriented Disaster Response Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors need to learn how to effectively and respectfully enter into communities hit by disasters and create collaborative partnerships with community members. Using critical consciousness theory, the authors describe a humanistic, culturally responsive approach to disaster response counseling for marginalized individuals and communities and…

West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Goodman, Rachael D.

2011-01-01

474

Internet and Computer Technology Hazards: Perspectives for Family Counselling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the social construction of the various computer hazards that households are encountering, such as computer addiction and children's access to on-line pornography. Discusses these issues in terms of constructivist counseling perspectives that are sensitive to cultural and environmental contexts. Outlines specific strategies for countering…

Oravec, Jo Ann

2000-01-01

475

The Concerns about Counseling Racial Minority Clients Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the Concerns about Counseling Racial Minority Clients (CCRMC) scale among counselor trainees. Sample 1 was used for an exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Four factors were identified, Managing Cultural Differences ([alpha] = 0.82), Offending or Hurting Clients…

Wei, Meifen; Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien; Tsai, Pei-Chun; Botello-Zamarron, Raquel

2012-01-01

476

Group Counseling With Emotionally Disturbed School Children in Taiwan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of group counseling to emotionally disturbed school children in Chinese culture was examined. Two junior high schools located in Tao-Yuan Province were randomly selected with two eighth-grade classes randomly selected from each school. Ten emotionally disturbed students were chosen from each class and randomly assigned to two…

Chiu, Peter

477

Counseling in Turkey: An Evolving Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a brief history of counseling and addresses the current issues and future trends of counseling in Turkey. Special emphasis is placed on the factors that impede the development of school counseling as a discipline.

Stockton, Rex; Guneri, Oya Yerin

2011-01-01

478

28 CFR 551.113 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling. 551.113 Section 551.113 ...MISCELLANEOUS Pretrial Inmates § 551.113 Counseling. (a) When consistent with institution...be allowed the opportunity to receive counseling services with convicted...

2010-07-01

479

20 CFR 638.517 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Counseling. 638.517 Section 638...Center Operations § 638.517 Counseling. The center operator shall...and conduct an ongoing structured counseling program in accordance with...

2012-04-01

480

24 CFR 206.41 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Counseling. 206.41 Section 206.41 Housing... Eligible Mortgagors § 206.41 Counseling. (a) List provided. ...section. The mortgagor must receive counseling. (b) Information to be...

2014-04-01

481

34 CFR 686.32 - Counseling requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Counseling requirements. 686.32 Section 686...Administration of Grant Payments § 686.32 Counseling requirements. (a) Initial counseling. (1) An institution must ensure...

2014-07-01

482

24 CFR 206.41 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Counseling. 206.41 Section 206.41 Housing... Eligible Mortgagors § 206.41 Counseling. (a) List provided. ...section. The mortgagor must receive counseling. (b) Information to be...

2013-04-01

483

20 CFR 638.517 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Counseling. 638.517 Section 638...Center Operations § 638.517 Counseling. The center operator shall...and conduct an ongoing structured counseling program in accordance with...

2010-04-01

484

28 CFR 551.113 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Counseling. 551.113 Section 551.113 ...MISCELLANEOUS Pretrial Inmates § 551.113 Counseling. (a) When consistent with institution...be allowed the opportunity to receive counseling services with convicted...

2011-07-01

485

24 CFR 206.41 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Counseling. 206.41 Section 206.41 Housing... Eligible Mortgagors § 206.41 Counseling. (a) List provided. ...section. The mortgagor must receive counseling. (b) Information to be...

2011-04-01

486

28 CFR 551.113 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Counseling. 551.113 Section 551.113 ...MISCELLANEOUS Pretrial Inmates § 551.113 Counseling. (a) When consistent with institution...be allowed the opportunity to receive counseling services with convicted...

2012-07-01

487

20 CFR 638.517 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Counseling. 638.517 Section 638...Center Operations § 638.517 Counseling. The center operator shall...and conduct an ongoing structured counseling program in accordance with...

2011-04-01

488

28 CFR 551.113 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Counseling. 551.113 Section 551.113 ...MISCELLANEOUS Pretrial Inmates § 551.113 Counseling. (a) When consistent with institution...be allowed the opportunity to receive counseling services with convicted...

2014-07-01

489

24 CFR 206.41 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Counseling. 206.41 Section 206.41 Housing... Eligible Mortgagors § 206.41 Counseling. (a) List provided. ...section. The mortgagor must receive counseling. (b) Information to be...

2012-04-01

490

24 CFR 206.41 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Counseling. 206.41 Section 206.41 Housing... Eligible Mortgagors § 206.41 Counseling. (a) List provided. ...section. The mortgagor must receive counseling. (b) Information to be...

2010-04-01

491

75 FR 32496 - Housing Counseling Outcomes Study  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5376-N-48] Housing Counseling Outcomes Study AGENCY: Office of the...realized by clients of HUD-funded housing counseling agencies seeking assistance to either...clients). Fourteen- hundred and thirty counseling clients have already been...

2010-06-08

492

28 CFR 551.113 - Counseling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Counseling. 551.113 Section 551.113 ...MISCELLANEOUS Pretrial Inmates § 551.113 Counseling. (a) When consistent with institution...be allowed the opportunity to receive counseling services with convicted...

2013-07-01

493

An Ethics Primer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a PDF that provides engaging, interactive, and classroom-friendly lesson ideas for integrating ethical issues into a science classroom. It also provides a basic background on ethics as a discipline, with straightforward descriptions of major ethical theories. Several decision-making frameworks are included to help students apply reasoned analysis to ethical issues.

2008-01-01

494

OFFICIAL POLICY Ethics Policy  

E-print Network

OFFICIAL POLICY Ethics Policy 1.0 PREFACE It is the intent of this Ethics Policy to state those standards of ethical conduct that are expected of all members of the College Community. These standards must the minimum standards of ethical conduct that are required by South Carolina law and reflect the aspirations

Kasman, Alex

495

Certificate Ethics Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Ethics Certificate Program Passion Purpose Rigor #12;#12;Ethics Certificate Program From, the Ethics Certificate provides you with the skills and confidence you need to create and evaluate solutions to ethical dilemmas. Does a government have the right to insist on another government's adherence to human

Zhou, Pei

496

Seamless Integration of Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ineffectiveness of business ethics education has received attention from the popular press and the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business after repeated ethics scandals. One possibility is that teaching ethics is different from other content areas because ethics is best learned when the student does not know it is being taught.…

Beggs, Jeri Mullins

2011-01-01

497

Ethical doings in naturecultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

What new forms of ethical engagement are emerging in naturecultural worlds? In this paper I explore the example of the practical ethics of the permaculture movement. I put these in dialogue first with new approaches to ethics in biopolitics and naturecultures and second with a reading of feminist care ethics. Across this discussion I focus on the potential of ethos

María Puig de la Bellacasa

2010-01-01

498

Putting Law into Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evolution of ethics in law is followed from the harshness of caveat emptor to the humanistic ethics of the 1970s, including a renewal of formal ethics in the post-Watergate era. The impact on universities and individual disciplines of legalizing ethical conduct is examined cautiously. (JMF)

Lieberman, Jethro K.

1979-01-01

499

Ethics Primer: Ethics and Bioethics Lessons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ethics Primer provides engaging, interactive, and classroom-friendly lesson ideas for integrating ethical issues into a science classroom. It also provides basic background on ethics as a discipline, with straightforward descriptions of major ethical theories. Several decision-making frameworks are included to help students apply reasoned analysis to ethical issues. Although the Primer is designed for secondary school science classrooms, it has been used by teachers in a variety of classes and grade levels. The Primer is free for download but the author requests information before accessing the file.

2007-01-01

500

Examining Multicultural Counseling Competencies of Rehabilitation Counseling Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been little examination of multicultural counseling competencies of rehabilitation counselor trainees. The current study examined competency development (knowledge, skills and awareness) of 68 rehabilitation counseling master's degree students across six universities. Results indicate that students did not demonstrate competence in…

Donnell, Chandra M.

2008-01-01