Science.gov

Sample records for coupled cavities application

  1. Optically coupled cavities for wavelength switching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Costazo-Caso, Pablo A.; Granieri, Sergio; Siahmakoun, Azad

    2011-01-01

    An optical bistable device which presents hysteresis behavior is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The system finds applications in wavelength switching, pulse reshaping and optical bistability. It is based on two optically coupled cavities named master and slave. Each cavity includes a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA), acting as the gain medium of the laser, and two pair of fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) which define the lasing wavelength (being different in each cavity). Finally, a variable optical coupler (VOC) is employed to couple both cavities. Experimental characterization of the system performance is made analyzing the effects of the coupling coefficient between the two cavities and the driving current in each SOA. The properties of the hysteretic bistable curve and switching can be controlled by adjusting these parameters and the loss in the cavities. By selecting the output wavelength (λ1 or λ2) with an external filter it is possible to choose either the invert or non-invert switched signal. Experiments were developed employing both optical discrete components and a photonic integrated circuit. They show that for 8 m-long cavities the maximum switching frequency is about 500 KHz, and for 4 m-long cavities a minimum rise-time about 21 ns was measured. The switching time can be reduced by shortening the cavity lengths and using photonic integrated circuits.

  2. Applications of cavity optomechanics

    SciTech Connect

    Metcalfe, Michael

    2014-09-15

    Cavity-optomechanics” aims to study the quantum properties of mechanical systems. A common strategy implemented in order to achieve this goal couples a high finesse photonic cavity to a high quality factor mechanical resonator. Then, using feedback forces such as radiation pressure, one can cool the mechanical mode of interest into the quantum ground state and create non-classical states of mechanical motion. On the path towards achieving these goals, many near-term applications of this field have emerged. After briefly introducing optomechanical systems and describing the current state-of-the-art experimental results, this article summarizes some of the more exciting practical applications such as ultra-sensitive, high bandwidth accelerometers and force sensors, low phase noise x-band integrated microwave oscillators and optical signal processing such as optical delay-lines, wavelength converters, and tunable optical filters. In this rapidly evolving field, new applications are emerging at a fast pace, but this article concentrates on the aforementioned lab-based applications as these are the most promising avenues for near-term real-world applications. New basic science applications are also becoming apparent such as the generation of squeezed light, testing gravitational theories and for providing a link between disparate quantum systems.

  3. Coupled Geomechanical Simulations of UCG Cavity Evolution

    SciTech Connect

    Morris, J P; Buscheck, T A; Hao, Y

    2009-07-13

    -isothermal Unsaturated Flow and Transport) codes to investigate the interaction between combustion, water influx and mechanical response. The modifications to NUFT are described in detail in a companion paper. This paper considers the extension of the LDEC code and the application of the coupled tool to the simulation of cavity growth and collapse. The distinct element technology incorporated into LDEC is ideally suited to simulation of the progressive failure of the cleated coal mass by permitting the simulation of individual planes of weakness. We will present details of the coupling approach and then demonstrate the capability through simulation of several test cases.

  4. Coupled beam motion in a storage ring with crab cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Xiaobiao

    2016-02-01

    We studied the coupled beam motion in a storage ring between the transverse and longitudinal directions introduced by crab cavities. The analytic form of the linear decoupling transformation is derived. The equilibrium bunch distribution in an electron storage ring with a crab cavity is given, including contribution to the eigenemittance induced by the crab cavity. Application to the short pulse generation scheme using crab cavities is considered.

  5. Coupled beam motion in a storage ring with crab cavities

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, Xiaobiao

    2015-11-16

    We studied the coupled beam motion in a storage ring between the transverse and longitudinal directions introduced by crab cavities. Analytic form of the linear decoupling transformation is derived. Also, the equilibrium bunch distribution in an electron storage ring with a crab cavity is given, including contribution to the eigen-emittance induced by the crab cavity. Application to the short pulse generation scheme using crab cavities [1] is considered.

  6. Coupled-cavity drift-tube linac

    DOEpatents

    Billen, J.H.

    1996-11-26

    A coupled-cavity drift-tube linac (CCDTL) combines features of the Alvarez drift-tube linac (DTL) and the {pi}-mode coupled-cavity linac (CCL). In one embodiment, each accelerating cavity is a two-cell, 0-mode DTL. The center-to-center distance between accelerating gaps is {beta}{lambda}, where {lambda} is the free-space wavelength of the resonant mode. Adjacent accelerating cavities have oppositely directed electric fields, alternating in phase by 180 degrees. The chain of cavities operates in a {pi}/2 structure mode so the coupling cavities are nominally unexcited. The CCDTL configuration provides an rf structure with high shunt impedance for intermediate velocity charged particles, i.e., particles with energies in the 20-200 MeV range. 5 figs.

  7. Coupled-cavity drift-tube linac

    DOEpatents

    Billen, James H.

    1996-01-01

    A coupled-cavity drift-tube linac (CCDTL) combines features of the Alvarez drift-tube linac (DTL) and the .pi.-mode coupled-cavity linac (CCL). In one embodiment, each accelerating cavity is a two-cell, 0-mode DTL. The center-to-center distance between accelerating gaps is .beta..lambda., where .lambda. is the free-space wavelength of the resonant mode. Adjacent accelerating cavities have oppositely directed electric fields, alternating in phase by 180 degrees. The chain of cavities operates in a .pi./2 structure mode so the coupling cavities are nominally unexcited. The CCDTL configuration provides an rf structure with high shunt impedance for intermediate velocity charged particles, i.e., particles with energies in the 20-200 MeV range.

  8. Controlling interactions between coupled photonic crystal cavities using photochromic tuning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Tao; Bose, Ranojoy; Solomon, Glenn; Waks, Edo

    2013-03-01

    Strongly coupled photonic crystal (PhC) resonator systems provide a promising platform for studying cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) using semiconductor quantum dots (QDs). These device structures enable important applications such as photon blockade, quantum simulation, quantum-optical Josephson interferometer, and quantum phase transition of light. Many of these applications require the ability to accurately tune the resonant frequencies of individual cavities in the array, which provides a method to control their coupling interactions. This tuning method must be sufficiently local to address individual cavities spaced by less than 1 micron spatial separation. Here, we present a method for controlling the coupling interaction of photonic crystal cavity arrays by using a local and reversible photochromic tuning technique. By locally altering the refractive index of the photochromic material all-optically, the coupling interaction between two cavity modes could be modified over a tuning range as large as 700 GHz. By using this technique, we demonstrate the ability to couple photonic crystal cavities with a normal mode splitting of only 31.50 GHz. We further demonstrate that this tuning method can be extended to control the coupling interaction in larger cavity arrays.

  9. Coupling of an overdriven cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Garbin, H.D.

    1993-11-01

    It is well known that when a nuclear test is conducted in a sufficiently large cavity, the resulting seismic signal is sharply reduced when compared to a normal tamped event. Cavity explosions are of interest in the seismic verification community because of this possibility of reducing the seismic energy generated which can lower signal amplitudes and make detection difficult. Reduced amplitudes would also lower seismic yield estimates which has implications in a Threshold Test Ban Treaty (TTBT). In the past several years, there have been a number of nuclear tests at NTS (Nevada Test Site) inside hemispherical cavities. Two such tests were MILL YARD and MISTY ECHO which had instrumentation at the surface and in the free-field. These two tests differ in one important aspect. MILL YARD was completely decoupled i.e., the cavity wall behaved in an elastic manner. It was estimated that MILL YARD`s ground motion was reduced by a factor of at least 70. In contrast, MISTY ECHO was detonated in a hemispherical cavity with the same dimensions as MILL YARD, but with a much larger device yield. This caused an inelastic behavior on the wall and the explosion was not fully decoupled.

  10. Cavity-Assisted Spin Orbit Coupling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Chuanzhou; Dong, Lin; Pu, Han

    We consider a single ultracold atom trapped inside a single-mode optical cavity, where a two-photon Raman process induces an effective coupling between atom's pseudo-spin and external center-of-mass (COM) motion. Without the COM motion, this system is described by the Jaynes-Cummings (JC) model. We show how the atomic COM motion dramatically modifies the predictions based on the JC model. We also investigated the situation when cavity pumping and decay are taken into account. We take a quantum Master equation approach to study this open system and again show how the cavity-induced spin-orbit coupling affects the properties of the system.

  11. Single photons from dissipation in coupled cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flayac, H.; Savona, V.

    2016-07-01

    We propose a single-photon source based on a pair of weakly nonlinear optical cavities subject to a one-directional dissipative coupling. When both cavities are driven by mutually coherent fields, sub-Poissonian light is generated in the target cavity even when the nonlinear energy per photon is much smaller than the dissipation rate. The sub-Poissonian character of the field holds over a delay measured by the inverse photon lifetime, as in the conventional photon blockade, thus allowing single-photon emission under pulsed excitation. We discuss a possible implementation of the dissipative coupling relevant to photonic platforms.

  12. Optimized Multi-Ion Cavity Coupling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Begley, Stephen; Vogt, Markus; Gulati, Gurpreet Kaur; Takahashi, Hiroki; Keller, Matthias

    2016-06-01

    Recent technological advances in cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) are paving the way to utilize multiple quantum emitters confined in a single optical cavity. In such systems, it is crucially important to control the quantum mechanical coupling of individual emitters to the cavity mode. In this regard, combining ion trap technologies with CQED provides a particularly promising approach due to the well-established motional control over trapped ions. Here, we experimentally demonstrate coupling of up to five trapped ions in a string to a high-finesse optical cavity. By changing the axial position and spacing of the ions in a fully deterministic manner, we systematically characterize their coupling to the cavity mode through visibility measurements of the cavity emission. In good agreement with the theoretical model, the results demonstrate that the geometrical configuration of multiple trapped ions can be manipulated to obtain optimal cavity coupling. Our system presents a new ground for exploring CQED with multiple quantum emitters, enabled by the highly controllable collective light-matter interaction.

  13. Optimized Multi-Ion Cavity Coupling.

    PubMed

    Begley, Stephen; Vogt, Markus; Gulati, Gurpreet Kaur; Takahashi, Hiroki; Keller, Matthias

    2016-06-01

    Recent technological advances in cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) are paving the way to utilize multiple quantum emitters confined in a single optical cavity. In such systems, it is crucially important to control the quantum mechanical coupling of individual emitters to the cavity mode. In this regard, combining ion trap technologies with CQED provides a particularly promising approach due to the well-established motional control over trapped ions. Here, we experimentally demonstrate coupling of up to five trapped ions in a string to a high-finesse optical cavity. By changing the axial position and spacing of the ions in a fully deterministic manner, we systematically characterize their coupling to the cavity mode through visibility measurements of the cavity emission. In good agreement with the theoretical model, the results demonstrate that the geometrical configuration of multiple trapped ions can be manipulated to obtain optimal cavity coupling. Our system presents a new ground for exploring CQED with multiple quantum emitters, enabled by the highly controllable collective light-matter interaction. PMID:27314716

  14. Coupled External Cavity Photonic Crystal Enhanced Fluorescence

    PubMed Central

    Pokhriyal, Anusha; Lu, Meng; Ge, Chun; Cunningham, Brian T.

    2016-01-01

    We report a fundamentally new approach to enhance fluorescence in which surface adsorbed fluorophore-tagged biomolecules are excited on a photonic crystal surface that functions as a narrow bandwidth and tunable mirror of an external cavity laser. This scheme leads to ~10× increase in the electromagnetic enhancement factor compared to ordinary photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence. In our experiments, the cavity automatically tunes its lasing wavelength to the resonance wavelength of the photonic crystal, ensuring optimal on-resonance coupling even in the presence of variable device parameters and variations in the density of surface-adsorbed capture molecules. We achieve ~105× improvement in the limit of detection of a fluorophore-tagged protein compared to its detection on an unpatterned glass substrate. The enhanced fluorescence signal and easy optical alignment make cavity-coupled photonic crystals a viable approach for further reducing detection limits of optically-excited light emitters that are used in biological assays. PMID:23129575

  15. Coupled mode theory in non-Hermitian optical cavities.

    PubMed

    Wu, Bingbing; Wu, Bei; Xu, Jing; Xiao, Junjun; Chen, Yuntian

    2016-07-25

    We study the coupling of mode in time for non-Hermitian cavities. Using variational principle, we provide a self-consistent approach to study the mode hybridization in non-Hermitian cavities from the first-principle of Maxwell's equations. We first extend the reaction concept for time reversal adjoint system using the scalar inner product. We apply our theory to the non-Hermitian parity-time symmetric cavities, and obtain excellent agreement with results obtained by finite element fullwave simulations. In contrast, the conventional coupled mode theory using complex inner product fails to capture the bifurcation of the dispersion of parity-time symmetric cavities, as non-Hermicity increases. Our theory may have potential applications in non-Hermitian optical systems. PMID:27464111

  16. Cavity coupling of atomic spin and motion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kohler, Jonathan; Gerber, Justin; Spethmann, Nicolas; Schreppler, Sydney; Stamper-Kurn, Dan

    2016-05-01

    Optical cavities have been used to realize sensitive, quantum limited measurements of both the spin and mechanical degrees of freedom of atomic ensembles. We have previously demonstrated cavity assisted measurement and control of a spin-oscillator, where the total atomic spin precesses around an external magnetic field. The spin-oscillator can realize an effective negative mass oscillator, for excitations around its highest energy state. In this talk, I will present our most recent work toward coupling the mechanical and spin degree of freedom of one or more atomic ensembles, with the goal of realizing Coherent Quantum Noise Cancelation for back-action evading measurements.

  17. Quantum coherence in a coupled-cavity array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, De-Wei; Zhang, Yixin; Wang, Jicheng; Hu, Zheng-Da

    2016-05-01

    The dynamical properties of quantum coherence in the system of two-coupled-cavities, each of which resonantly interacts with a two-level atom, is investigated via the relative entropy measure. We focus on the coherences for the atom-atom, atom-cavity and cavity-cavity subsystems and find that the dynamical behaviors of these coherences depend largely on the cavity-cavity coupling, which may indicate the Mott insulator-superfluid transition in the thermodynamic limit. We also study the influences of the initial cavity-cavity correlation on the coherences and show that the initial correlation of the cavity-cavity subsystem can enhance the revival ability for the atom-atom and cavity-cavity coherences while reduce that for the atom-cavity coherence. Besides, we demonstrate the qualitative difference of dynamics between coherence and entanglement. Finally, the influences of dissipations including cavity losses and atomic decays on the coherence are explored.

  18. Coupled modes, frequencies and fields of a dielectric resonator and a cavity using coupled mode theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elnaggar, Sameh Y.; Tervo, Richard; Mattar, Saba M.

    2014-01-01

    Probes consisting of a dielectric resonator (DR) inserted in a cavity are important integral components of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometers because of their high signal-to-noise ratio. This article studies the behavior of this system, based on the coupling between its dielectric and cavity modes. Coupled-mode theory (CMT) is used to determine the frequencies and electromagnetic fields of this coupled system. General expressions for the frequencies and field distributions are derived for both the resulting symmetric and anti-symmetric modes. These expressions are applicable to a wide range of frequencies (from MHz to THz). The coupling of cavities and DRs of various sizes and their resonant frequencies are studied in detail. Since the DR is situated within the cavity then the coupling between them is strong. In some cases the coupling coefficient, κ, is found to be as high as 0.4 even though the frequency difference between the uncoupled modes is large. This is directly attributed to the strong overlap between the fields of the uncoupled DR and cavity modes. In most cases, this improves the signal to noise ratio of the spectrometer. When the DR and the cavity have the same frequency, the coupled electromagnetic fields are found to contain equal contributions from the fields of the two uncoupled modes. This situation is ideal for the excitation of the probe through an iris on the cavity wall. To verify and validate the results, finite element simulations are carried out. This is achieved by simulating the coupling between a cylindrical cavity's TE011 and the dielectric insert's TE01δ modes. Coupling between the modes of higher order is also investigated and discussed. Based on CMT, closed form expressions for the fields of the coupled system are proposed. These expressions are crucial in the analysis of the probe's performance.

  19. Coupled modes, frequencies and fields of a dielectric resonator and a cavity using coupled mode theory.

    PubMed

    Elnaggar, Sameh Y; Tervo, Richard; Mattar, Saba M

    2014-01-01

    Probes consisting of a dielectric resonator (DR) inserted in a cavity are important integral components of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometers because of their high signal-to-noise ratio. This article studies the behavior of this system, based on the coupling between its dielectric and cavity modes. Coupled-mode theory (CMT) is used to determine the frequencies and electromagnetic fields of this coupled system. General expressions for the frequencies and field distributions are derived for both the resulting symmetric and anti-symmetric modes. These expressions are applicable to a wide range of frequencies (from MHz to THz). The coupling of cavities and DRs of various sizes and their resonant frequencies are studied in detail. Since the DR is situated within the cavity then the coupling between them is strong. In some cases the coupling coefficient, κ, is found to be as high as 0.4 even though the frequency difference between the uncoupled modes is large. This is directly attributed to the strong overlap between the fields of the uncoupled DR and cavity modes. In most cases, this improves the signal to noise ratio of the spectrometer. When the DR and the cavity have the same frequency, the coupled electromagnetic fields are found to contain equal contributions from the fields of the two uncoupled modes. This situation is ideal for the excitation of the probe through an iris on the cavity wall. To verify and validate the results, finite element simulations are carried out. This is achieved by simulating the coupling between a cylindrical cavity's TE011 and the dielectric insert's TE01δ modes. Coupling between the modes of higher order is also investigated and discussed. Based on CMT, closed form expressions for the fields of the coupled system are proposed. These expressions are crucial in the analysis of the probe's performance. PMID:24246950

  20. Controlled coupling of photonic crystal cavities using photochromic tuning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Tao; Bose, Ranojoy; Solomon, Glenn S.; Waks, Edo

    2013-04-01

    We present a method to control the resonant coupling interaction in a coupled-cavity photonic crystal molecule by using a local and reversible photochromic tuning technique. We demonstrate the ability to tune both a two-cavity and a three-cavity photonic crystal molecule through the resonance condition by selectively tuning the individual cavities. Using this technique, we can quantitatively determine important parameters of the coupled-cavity system such as the photon tunneling rate. This method can be scaled to photonic crystal molecules with larger numbers of cavities, which provides a versatile method for studying strong interactions in coupled resonator arrays.

  1. Coupling of Solute Vibrational Modes with a Fabry-Perot Optical Cavity Mode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dunkelberger, Adam; Compton, Ryan; Fears, Kenan; Spann, Bryan; Long, James; Simpkins, Blake; Owrutsky, Jeffrey

    2015-03-01

    Electronic transitions of systems confined in optical microcavities can strongly couple to cavity modes, giving rise to new, mixed-character modes. Recent studies have demonstrated similar coherent coupling between the vibrational modes of a thin polymer film and a Fabry-Perot optical cavity mode. This coupling manifests experimentally as a splitting of the transmissive cavity mode into two dispersive branches separated by the vacuum Rabi splitting. Here we present recent experimental results for the coupling of solution-phase compounds with an optical cavity. Solutions of W(CO)6, Mo(CO)6, and NCS- contained in cavities show strong coupling between the solute chromophores in the mid-infrared and cavity modes. We show that the methodology established with polymer-filled cavities is generally applicable to liquids but that the fluidity of the sample complicates the cavity construction. Varied cavity thicknesses can give rise to spatial gradients in coupling strength and difficulty in targeting a specific cavity-mode order. We also compare the transmission of the mixed vibrational-cavity modes in cavities constructed from either metallic or dielectric reflectors which impacts the cavity resonance line width. NRC Postdoctoral Fellow.

  2. Cavity optomechanics and its applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhattacharya, Mishkatul

    2009-05-01

    Cavity optomechanics is an emerging field at the intersection of quantum optics, atomic physics, nanoscience and gravitational wave interferometry. It involves cavities (with one or more mechanical degrees of freedom) driven by laser radiation. The ensuing optical control of macroscopic mechanical motion may have implications for precision sensing, coherent control of atoms and molecules, and quantum information processing. Due to recent innovations optomechanical physics has been realized in a variety of experimental systems spanning many orders of magnitude in mass and time-scales. In this talk, I will first introduce the basic paradigm of a laser-driven two mirror cavity used for cooling a vibrational mode. A three-mirror configuration recently implemented using a partially transmissive dielectric membrane in a high finesse cavity will then be discussed, and shown to be superior to the two-mirror design in a number of ways. One implication of the three-mirror configuration is the possibility of scaling optomechanical techniques to multiple oscillators. This topic will be explored by analysing the case of two membranes in a cavity where it will be shown that the collective(center-of-mass and breathing) modes of vibration can be cooled independently, analogous to a chain of trapped ions. Finally, future directions for possible applications to the control of atoms and molecules will be indicated briefly.

  3. Quantum input-output theory for optical cavities with arbitrary coupling strength: Application to two-photon wave-packet shaping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raymer, M. G.; McKinstrie, C. J.

    2013-10-01

    We develop quantum-optical input-output theory for resonators with arbitrary coupling strength, and for input fields whose spectrum can be wider than the cavity free-spectral range, while ensuring that the field-operator commutator relations in space-time variables are correct. The cavity-field commutator exhibits a series of space-time “echoes,” representing causal connections of certain space-time points by light propagation. We apply the theory to two-photon wave-packet shaping by cavity reflection, which displays a remarkable illustration of dispersion cancellation. We also show that the theory is amenable to inclusion of intracavity absorbing and emitting atoms, allowing, for example, dissipative losses within the cavity to be incorporated in a quantum mechanically correct way.

  4. Plasmonic coupled-cavity system for enhancement of surface plasmon localization in plasmonic detectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ooi, K. J. A.; Bai, P.; Gu, M. X.; Ang, L. K.

    2012-07-01

    A plasmonic coupled-cavity system, which consists of a quarter-wave coupler cavity, a resonant Fabry-Pérot detector nanocavity, and an off-resonant reflector cavity, is used to enhance the localization of surface plasmons in a plasmonic detector. The coupler cavity is designed based on transmission line theory and wavelength scaling rules in the optical regime, while the reflector cavity is derived from off-resonant resonator structures to attenuate transmission of plasmonic waves. We observed strong coupling of the cavities in simulation results, with an 86% improvement of surface plasmon localization achieved. The plasmonic coupled-cavity system may find useful applications in areas of nanoscale photodetectors, sensors, and an assortment of plasmonic-circuit devices.

  5. Cavity-mediated coherent coupling of magnetic moments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambert, N. J.; Haigh, J. A.; Langenfeld, S.; Doherty, A. C.; Ferguson, A. J.

    2016-02-01

    We demonstrate the long-range strong coupling of magnetostatic modes in spatially separated ferromagnets mediated by a microwave frequency cavity. Two spheres of yttrium iron garnet are embedded in the cavity and their magnetostatic modes probed using a dispersive measurement technique. We find they are strongly coupled to each other even when detuned from the cavity modes, and investigate the dependence of the magnet-magnet coupling on the cavity detuning. Dark states of the coupled magnetostatic modes of the system are observed, and ascribed to mismatches between the symmetries of the modes and the drive field.

  6. Absolute Instability in Coupled-Cavity TWTs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hung, D. M. H.; Rittersdorf, I. M.; Zhang, Peng; Lau, Y. Y.; Simon, D. H.; Gilgenbach, R. M.; Chernin, D.; Antonsen, T. M., Jr.

    2014-10-01

    This paper will present results of our analysis of absolute instability in a coupled-cavity traveling wave tube (TWT). The structure mode at the lower and upper band edges are respectively approximated by a hyperbola in the (omega, k) plane. When the Briggs-Bers criterion is applied, a threshold current for onset of absolute instability is observed at the upper band edge, but not the lower band edge. The nonexistence of absolute instability at the lower band edge is mathematically similar to the nonexistence of absolute instability that we recently demonstrated for a dielectric TWT. The existence of absolute instability at the upper band edge is mathematically similar to the existence of absolute instability in a gyroton traveling wave amplifier. These interesting observations will be discussed, and the practical implications will be explored. This work was supported by AFOSR, ONR, and L-3 Communications Electron Devices.

  7. Nonclassical radiation from thermal cavities in the ultrastrong coupling regime.

    PubMed

    Ridolfo, A; Savasta, S; Hartmann, M J

    2013-04-19

    Thermal or chaotic light sources emit radiation characterized by a slightly enhanced probability of emitting photons in bunches, described by a zero-delay second-order correlation function g((2))(0)=2. Here we explore photon-coincidence counting statistics of thermal cavities in the ultrastrong coupling regime, where the atom-cavity coupling rate becomes comparable to the cavity resonance frequency. We find that, depending on the system temperature and coupling rate, thermal photons escaping the cavity can display very different statistical behaviors, characterized by second-order correlation functions approaching zero or greatly exceeding two. PMID:23679600

  8. Molecular Dynamics Study of Naturally Existing Cavity Couplings in Proteins

    PubMed Central

    Barbany, Montserrat; Meyer, Tim; Hospital, Adam; Faustino, Ignacio; D'Abramo, Marco; Morata, Jordi; Orozco, Modesto; de la Cruz, Xavier

    2015-01-01

    Couplings between protein sub-structures are a common property of protein dynamics. Some of these couplings are especially interesting since they relate to function and its regulation. In this article we have studied the case of cavity couplings because cavities can host functional sites, allosteric sites, and are the locus of interactions with the cell milieu. We have divided this problem into two parts. In the first part, we have explored the presence of cavity couplings in the natural dynamics of 75 proteins, using 20 ns molecular dynamics simulations. For each of these proteins, we have obtained two trajectories around their native state. After applying a stringent filtering procedure, we found significant cavity correlations in 60% of the proteins. We analyze and discuss the structure origins of these correlations, including neighbourhood, cavity distance, etc. In the second part of our study, we have used longer simulations (≥100ns) from the MoDEL project, to obtain a broader view of cavity couplings, particularly about their dependence on time. Using moving window computations we explored the fluctuations of cavity couplings along time, finding that these couplings could fluctuate substantially during the trajectory, reaching in several cases correlations above 0.25/0.5. In summary, we describe the structural origin and the variations with time of cavity couplings. We complete our work with a brief discussion of the biological implications of these results. PMID:25816327

  9. Deterministic coupling of delta-doped nitrogen vacancy centers to a nanobeam photonic crystal cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Jonathan C.; Cui, Shanying; Zhang, Xingyu; Russell, Kasey J.; Magyar, Andrew P.; Hu, Evelyn L.; Bracher, David O.; Ohno, Kenichi; McLellan, Claire A.; Alemán, Benjamin; Bleszynski Jayich, Ania; Andrich, Paolo; Awschalom, David; Aharonovich, Igor

    2014-12-29

    The negatively charged nitrogen vacancy center (NV) in diamond has generated significant interest as a platform for quantum information processing and sensing in the solid state. For most applications, high quality optical cavities are required to enhance the NV zero-phonon line (ZPL) emission. An outstanding challenge in maximizing the degree of NV-cavity coupling is the deterministic placement of NVs within the cavity. Here, we report photonic crystal nanobeam cavities coupled to NVs incorporated by a delta-doping technique that allows nanometer-scale vertical positioning of the emitters. We demonstrate cavities with Q up to ∼24 000 and mode volume V ∼ 0.47(λ/n){sup 3} as well as resonant enhancement of the ZPL of an NV ensemble with Purcell factor of ∼20. Our fabrication technique provides a first step towards deterministic NV-cavity coupling using spatial control of the emitters.

  10. Cavity Optomagnonics with Spin-Orbit Coupled Photons.

    PubMed

    Osada, A; Hisatomi, R; Noguchi, A; Tabuchi, Y; Yamazaki, R; Usami, K; Sadgrove, M; Yalla, R; Nomura, M; Nakamura, Y

    2016-06-01

    We experimentally implement a system of cavity optomagnonics, where a sphere of ferromagnetic material supports whispering gallery modes (WGMs) for photons and the magnetostatic mode for magnons. We observe pronounced nonreciprocity and asymmetry in the sideband signals generated by the magnon-induced Brillouin scattering of light. The spin-orbit coupled nature of the WGM photons, their geometrical birefringence, and the time-reversal symmetry breaking in the magnon dynamics impose the angular-momentum selection rules in the scattering process and account for the observed phenomena. The unique features of the system may find interesting applications at the crossroad between quantum optics and spintronics. PMID:27314717

  11. Cavity Optomagnonics with Spin-Orbit Coupled Photons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osada, A.; Hisatomi, R.; Noguchi, A.; Tabuchi, Y.; Yamazaki, R.; Usami, K.; Sadgrove, M.; Yalla, R.; Nomura, M.; Nakamura, Y.

    2016-06-01

    We experimentally implement a system of cavity optomagnonics, where a sphere of ferromagnetic material supports whispering gallery modes (WGMs) for photons and the magnetostatic mode for magnons. We observe pronounced nonreciprocity and asymmetry in the sideband signals generated by the magnon-induced Brillouin scattering of light. The spin-orbit coupled nature of the WGM photons, their geometrical birefringence, and the time-reversal symmetry breaking in the magnon dynamics impose the angular-momentum selection rules in the scattering process and account for the observed phenomena. The unique features of the system may find interesting applications at the crossroad between quantum optics and spintronics.

  12. Calculation, normalization, and perturbation of quasinormal modes in coupled cavity-waveguide systems.

    PubMed

    Kristensen, Philip Trøst; de Lasson, Jakob Rosenkrantz; Gregersen, Niels

    2014-11-15

    We show how one can use a nonlocal boundary condition, which is compatible with standard frequency domain methods, for numerical calculation of quasinormal modes in optical cavities coupled to waveguides. In addition, we extend the definition of the quasinormal mode norm by use of the theory of divergent series to provide a framework for modeling of optical phenomena in such coupled cavity-waveguide systems. As example applications, we calculate the Purcell factor and study perturbative changes in the complex resonance frequency of a photonic crystal cavity coupled to a defect waveguide. PMID:25490468

  13. Photon transfer in ultrastrongly coupled three-cavity arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Felicetti, S.; Romero, G.; Rossini, D.; Fazio, R.; Solano, E.

    2014-01-01

    We study the photon transfer along a linear array of three coupled cavities where the central one contains an interacting two-level system in the strong- and ultrastrong-coupling regimes. We find that an inhomogeneously coupled array forbids a complete single-photon transfer between the external cavities when the central one performs a Jaynes-Cummings dynamics. This is not the case in the ultrastrong-coupling regime, where the system exhibits singularities in the photon transfer time as a function of the cavity-qubit coupling strength. Our model can be implemented within the state-of-the-art circuit quantum electrodynamics technology and it represents a building block for studying photon state transfer through scalable cavity arrays.

  14. Quantum Phase Transitions in Cavity Coupled Dot systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kasisomayajula, Vijay; Russo, Onofrio

    2011-03-01

    We investigate a Quantum Dot System, in which the transconductance, in part, is due to spin coupling, with each dot subjected to a biasing voltage. When this system is housed in a QED cavity, the cavity dot coupling alters the spin coupling of the coupled dots significantly via the Purcell Effect. In this paper we show the extent to which one can control the various coupling parameters: the inter dot coupling, the individual dots coupling with the cavity and the coupled dots coupling with the cavity as a single entity. We show that the dots coupled to each other and to the cavity, the spin transport can be controlled selectively. We derive the conditions for such control explicitly. Further, we discuss the Quantum phase transition effects due to the charge and spin transport through the dots. The electron transport through the dots, electron-electron spin interaction and the electron-photon interaction are treated using the Non-equilibrium Green's Function Formalism. http://publish.aps.org/search/field/author/Trif_Mircea (Trif Mircea), http://publish.aps.org/search/field/author/Golovach_Vitaly_N (Vitaly N. Golovach), and http://publish.aps.org/search/field/author/Loss_Daniel (Daniel Loss), Phys. Rev. B 75, 085307 (2007)

  15. Constant field gradient planar coupled cavity structure

    DOEpatents

    Kang, Yoon W.; Kustom, Robert L.

    1999-01-01

    A cavity structure having at least two opposing planar housing members spaced apart to accommodate the passage of a particle beam through the structure between the members. Each of the housing members have a plurality of serially aligned hollows defined therein, and also passages, formed in the members, which interconnect serially adjacent hollows to provide communication between the hollows. The opposing planar housing members are spaced and aligned such that the hollows in one member cooperate with corresponding hollows in the other member to form a plurality of resonant cavities aligned along the particle beam within the cavity structure. To facilitate the obtaining of a constant field gradient within the cavity structure, the passages are configured so as to be incrementally narrower in the direction of travel of the particle beam. In addition, the spacing distance between the opposing housing members is configured to be incrementally smaller in the direction of travel of the beam.

  16. Constant field gradient planar coupled cavity structure

    DOEpatents

    Kang, Y.W.; Kustom, R.L.

    1999-07-27

    A cavity structure is disclosed having at least two opposing planar housing members spaced apart to accommodate the passage of a particle beam through the structure between the members. Each of the housing members have a plurality of serially aligned hollows defined therein, and also passages, formed in the members, which interconnect serially adjacent hollows to provide communication between the hollows. The opposing planar housing members are spaced and aligned such that the hollows in one member cooperate with corresponding hollows in the other member to form a plurality of resonant cavities aligned along the particle beam within the cavity structure. To facilitate the obtaining of a constant field gradient within the cavity structure, the passages are configured so as to be incrementally narrower in the direction of travel of the particle beam. In addition, the spacing distance between the opposing housing members is configured to be incrementally smaller in the direction of travel of the beam. 16 figs.

  17. Vertical-cavity in-plane heterostructures: Physics and applications

    SciTech Connect

    Taghizadeh, Alireza; Mørk, Jesper; Chung, Il-Sug

    2015-11-02

    We show that in-plane (lateral) heterostructures realized in vertical cavities with high contrast grating reflectors can be used to significantly modify the anisotropic dispersion curvature, also interpreted as the photon effective mass. This design freedom enables exotic configurations of heterostructures and many interesting applications. The effects of the anisotropic photon effective mass on the mode confinement, mode spacing, and transverse modes are investigated. As a possible application, the method of boosting the speed of diode lasers by engineering the photon-photon resonance is discussed. Based on this platform, we propose a system of two laterally coupled cavities, which shows the breaking of parity-time symmetry in vertical cavity structures.

  18. Coupled mode theory analysis of mode-splitting in coupled cavity system.

    PubMed

    Li, Qiang; Wang, Tao; Su, Yikai; Yan, Min; Qiu, Min

    2010-04-12

    We analyze transmission characteristics of two coupled identical cavities, of either standing-wave (SW) or traveling-wave (TW) type, based on temporal coupled mode theory.Mode splitting is observed for both directly (cavity-cavity) and indirectly (cavity-waveguide-cavity) coupled cavity systems. The effects of direct and indirect couplings, if coexisting in one system, can offset each other such that no mode splitting occurs and the original single-cavity resonant frequency is retained. By tuning the configuration of the coupled cavity system, one can obtain different characteristics in transmission spectra, including splitting in transmission, zero transmission, Fano-type transmission, electromagnetically-induced-transparency (EIT)-like transmission, and electromagnetically-induced-absorption (EIA)-like transmission. It is also interesting to notice that a side-coupled SW cavity system performs similarly to an under-coupled TW cavity. The results are useful for the design of cavity-based devices for integration in nanophotonics. PMID:20588682

  19. Cross-coupled composite-cavity organic microresonators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagner, T.; Sudzius, M.; Mischok, A.; Fröb, H.; Leo, K.

    2016-07-01

    We report on cross-coupled composite-cavity microresonators consisting of a vertical cavity and a second-order distributed feedback structure which employ the same organic active medium and support surface-normal and in-plane emission at the same time. The optical coupling is due to a first-order light diffraction on a second-order Bragg grating and, in the degenerate case, can be as efficient as the coupling observed in more classical cascade coupled cavities. When the system is non-degenerate, the diffraction efficiency is suppressed because of sub-coherence-length dimensions of the composite-cavity and both resonators tend to operate as independent structures without experiencing substantial losses due to diffraction on the distributed-feedback grating.

  20. Coupled-Cavity Interferometer for the Optics Laboratory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, R. W.

    1975-01-01

    Describes the construction of a flexible coupled-cavity interferometer for student use. A helium-neon laser and phonograph turntable are the main components. Lists activities which may be performed with the apparatus. (Author/CP)

  1. Cavity-Induced Spin-Orbit Coupling in Cold Atoms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Chuanzhou; Dong, Lin; Pu, Han

    2016-05-01

    We consider a single ultracold atom trapped inside a single-mode optical cavity, where a two-photon Raman process induces an effective coupling between atom's pseudo-spin and external center-of-mass (COM) motion. Without the COM motion, this system is described by the Jaynes-Cummings (JC) model. We show how the atomic COM motion dramatically modifies the predictions based on the JC model, and how the cavity photon field affects the properties of spin-orbit coupled system. We take a quantum Master equation approach to investigate the situation when the cavity pumping and decay are taken into account.

  2. Simulating Topological Effects with Photons in Coupled QED Cavity Arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noh, Changsuk; Angelakis, Dimitris G.

    2014-01-01

    We provide a pedagogical account of an early proposal realizing fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) using coupled quantum electrodynamics (QED) cavity arrays (CQCAs). We start with a brief introduction on the basics of quantum Hall effects and then review the early proposals in the simulation of spin-models and fractional quantum Hall (FQH) physics with photons in coupled atom-cavity arrays. We calculate the energy gap and the overlap between the ground state of the system and the corresponding Laughlin wavefunction to analyze the FQH physics arising in the system and discuss possibilities to reach the ground state using adiabatic methods used in Cavity QED.

  3. Efficient optical coupling into a single plasmonic nanostructure using a fiber-coupled microspherical cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takashima, Hideaki; Kitajima, Kazutaka; Tanaka, Yoshito; Fujiwara, Hideki; Sasaki, Keiji

    2014-02-01

    Toward complete coupling between propagating light (PL) and a single localized-surface-plasmon (LSP) nanostructure, we propose a tapered-fiber-coupled microspherical cavity system combining an Au-coated probe tip. This system possesses the unique characteristic of precise adjustability for the fiber-cavity coupling rate and the cavity-plasmon coupling rate, which is indispensable for achieving the critical coupling conditions. We successfully demonstrate the 93% PL coupling into the LSP antenna with an effective area of a 58 nm circle, exceeding the diffraction limit.

  4. Cavity mode frequencies and strong optomechanical coupling in two-membrane cavity optomechanics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jie; Xuereb, André; Malossi, Nicola; Vitali, David

    2016-08-01

    We study the cavity mode frequencies of a Fabry–Pérot cavity containing two vibrating dielectric membranes. We derive the equations for the mode resonances and provide approximate analytical solutions for them as a function of the membrane positions, which act as an excellent approximation when the relative and center-of-mass position of the two membranes are much smaller than the cavity length. With these analytical solutions, one finds that extremely large optomechanical coupling of the membrane relative motion can be achieved in the limit of highly reflective membranes when the two membranes are placed very close to a resonance of the inner cavity formed by them. We also study the cavity finesse of the system and verify that, under the conditions of large coupling, it is not appreciably affected by the presence of the two membranes. The achievable large values of the ratio between the optomechanical coupling and the cavity decay rate, g/κ , make this two-membrane system the simplest promising platform for implementing cavity optomechanics in the strong coupling regime.

  5. Cavity mediated coherent coupling between yttrium iron garnet magnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambert, Nicholas; Haigh, James; Langenfeld, Stefan; Doherty, Andrew; Ferguson, Andrew

    Strong coupling between the magnetostatic modes of an yttrium iron garnet (YIG) magnet and a microwave frequency electromagnetic cavity is now readily achievable. Recently, coupling between a magnon and a superconducting qubit mediated by a cavity has also been demonstrated. In this talk, we describe dispersive measurement of the cavity-mediated coupling of magnetostatic modes in two YIG magnets. We find they are strongly coupled even when detuned from the cavity modes. We study the strength of the coupling as a function of the detuning, and find a 1 / Δ dependence when close to individual cavity modes. Dark states of the coupled magnets are observed, in which the symmetry of the microwave drive does not match that of the new eigenstates. Our results are described well within the framework of circuit QED. Such an approach to coupling magnets might be used to phase-lock many spatially separated magnetic oscillators, such as those in spin-torque nano-oscillators or magnetic metamaterials.

  6. Slow light in nonlinear photonic crystal coupled-cavity waveguides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Na; Wang, Yige; Ren, Qingqing; Zhu, Li; Yuan, Minmin; An, Guimin

    2014-04-01

    Nonlinear photonic crystals can be formed by inserting Kerr-type nonlinear dielectric rods into perfect photonic crystals. Based on nonlinear photonic crystal, nonlinear photonic crystal coupled-cavity waveguide is constructed and its slow light properties are studied by using the Plane Wave expansion Method (PWM). Both single-defect coupled cavity and two-defect coupled cavity are proposed to optimize slow light properties. The result shows that using single-defect coupled cavity in waveguide is beneficial to obtain larger Normalized Delay-Bandwidth Product (NDBP) but it contributes little to decrease the group velocity of light and enlarging Q factor and delay time; While using two-defect cavity in waveguide can efficiently reduce the group velocity of light and enlarge Q factor and delay time. Compared to normal structures, our new designed nonlinear photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguide owns group velocity that is three magnitudes smaller than the vacuum speed of light. Delay time is of magnitude order of 10 ns and Q factor is of magnitude order of 1000, it means less loss and higher ability of storing energy.

  7. Efficiency enhancement of coupled-cavity TWT's through cavity resonance tapering

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Connolly, D. J.

    1979-01-01

    The paper examines efficiency enhancement of coupled-cavity traveling-wave tube (TWT) through cavity resonance tapering. Beam-wave resynchronization through circuit velocity reduction is used for TWT efficiency enhancement, with circuit velocity reduction in coupled cavity TWT's accomplished through period tapering. However, the amount of the latter is limited by the stability considerations, so that beyond a critical value of velocity reduction, the tube may be subject to zero drive oscillations originating in the velocity taper region. The coupled-cavity resonance tapering allows the velocity reduction to continue beyond the limit of stable period tapering, and it is accomplished by a gradual reduction in the cavity resonance frequency, with the period and the circuit bandwidth unchanged. The advantages of cavity resonance tapering vs period tapering are discussed, and test data are presented with the results of large-signal computer calculations. It is shown that cavity resonance tapering can produce efficiencies as period tapering without incurring the same risk of lower band-edge oscillations.

  8. Cavity piezomechanical strong coupling and frequency conversion on an aluminum nitride chip

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zou, Chang-Ling; Han, Xu; Jiang, Liang; Tang, Hong X.

    2016-07-01

    Schemes to achieve strong coupling between mechanical modes of aluminum nitride microstructures and microwave cavity modes due to the piezoelectric effect are proposed. We show that the strong-coupling regime is feasible for an on-chip aluminum nitride device that is either enclosed by a three-dimensional microwave cavity or integrated with a superconducting coplanar resonator. Combining with optomechanics, the piezomechanical strong coupling permits coherent conversion between microwave and optical modes with high efficiency. Hence, the piezomechanical system will be an efficient transducer for applications in hybrid quantum systems.

  9. Observation of generalized optomechanical coupling and cooling on cavity resonance.

    PubMed

    Sawadsky, Andreas; Kaufer, Henning; Nia, Ramon Moghadas; Tarabrin, Sergey P; Khalili, Farid Ya; Hammerer, Klemens; Schnabel, Roman

    2015-01-30

    Optomechanical coupling between a light field and the motion of a cavity mirror via radiation pressure plays an important role for the exploration of macroscopic quantum physics and for the detection of gravitational waves (GWs). It has been used to cool mechanical oscillators into their quantum ground states and has been considered to boost the sensitivity of GW detectors, e.g., via the optical spring effect. Here, we present the experimental characterization of generalized, that is, dispersive and dissipative, optomechanical coupling, with a macroscopic (1.5  mm)2-size silicon nitride membrane in a cavity-enhanced Michelson-type interferometer. We report for the first time strong optomechanical cooling based on dissipative coupling, even on cavity resonance, in excellent agreement with theory. Our result will allow for new experimental regimes in macroscopic quantum physics and GW detection. PMID:25679890

  10. Analysis of the slot heating of the Coupled Cavity Linac cavity.

    SciTech Connect

    Konecni, S.; Bultman, N. K.

    2001-01-01

    CCL cavities are figures of revolution about the beam axis. An automated tuning program sets up the geometry for a symmetric accelerating cavity and runs SUPERFISH repetitively, varying the geometry to tune each cavity to the desired frequency for the electromagnetic fields. SUPERFISH solves Maxwell's equations in 2-D. A large portion of the RF power (60-80%) applied to accelerate protons is a waste heat deposited on the inside of the copper cavity. This waste heat is removed most efficiently with water circulating through cooling passages. The waste heat needs to be removed in order to minimize thermal deformations and with it control the resonance of the cavities. A slot between the main cavity and coupled cavity receives additional heating that is not captured in the 2-D analysis. This heating causes deformation of the region and with it frequency shift. This paper covers the estimation of the slot heating and three-dimensional thermal and structural analysis of the CCL cavity.

  11. Optical bistability and second-harmonic generation in thin film coupled cavity photonic crystal structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diao, Liyong

    This thesis deals with design, fabrication and modeling of bistable and multi-stable switching dynamics and second-harmonic generation in two groups of thin film coupled cavity photonic crystal structures. The first component studies optical bistability and multistability in such structures. Optical bistability and multistability are modelled by a nonlinear transfer matrix method. The second component is focused on the modelling and experimental measurement of second-harmonic generation in such structures. It is found that coupled cavity structures can reduce the threshold and index change for bistable operation, but single cavity structures can do the same. However, there is a clear advantage in using coupled cavity structures for multistability in that the threshold for multistability can be reduced. Second-harmonic generation is enhanced by field localization due to the resonant effect at the fundamental wavelength in single and coupled cavity structures by simulated and measured results. The work in this thesis makes three significant contributions. First, in the successful fabrication of thin film coupled cavity structures, the simulated linear transmissions of such structures match those of the fabricated structures almost exactly. Second, the newly defined figure of merit at the maximum transmission point on the bistable curve can be used to compare the material damage tolerance to any other Kerr effect nonlinear gate. Third, the simulated second-harmonic generation agrees excellently with experimental results. More generally optical thin film fabrication has commercial applications in many industry sections, such as electronics, opto-electronics, optical coating, solar cell and MEMS.

  12. Cavity-mediated coupling of mechanical oscillators limited by quantum back-action

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spethmann, Nicolas; Kohler, Jonathan; Schreppler, Sydney; Buchmann, Lukas; Stamper-Kurn, Dan M.

    2016-01-01

    A complex quantum system can be constructed by coupling simple elements. For example, trapped-ion or superconducting quantum bits may be coupled by Coulomb interactions, mediated by the exchange of virtual photons. Alternatively, quantum objects can be made to emit and exchange real photons, providing either unidirectional coupling in cascaded geometries, or bidirectional coupling that is particularly strong when both objects are placed within a common electromagnetic resonator. However, in such an open system, the capacity of a coupling channel to convey quantum information or generate entanglement may be compromised by photon loss. Here, we realize phase-coherent interactions between two addressable, spatially separated, near-ground-state mechanical oscillators within a driven optical cavity. We observe the quantum back-action noise imparted by the optical coupling resulting in correlated mechanical fluctuations of the two oscillators. Our results illustrate challenges and opportunities of coupling quantum objects with light for applications of quantum cavity optomechanics.

  13. Continuous tunability in three-terminal coupled-cavity lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Corzine, S.W.; Coldren, L.A.; Burrus, C.A.; Koch, T.L.

    1986-05-05

    The continuous tunability of various coupled-cavity semiconductor lasers has been investigated. Monolithic etched groove and cleaved coupled cavity (C/sup 3/) geometries are included. Using a special method of modulating the laser currents, appreciable tuning ranges have been achieved (approx.8 A) without mode hops. Also, electronic tuning of a laser with no amplitude variation is illustrated. A tuning range of 4 A with <5% AM depth is observed. Review of the theory and a comparison of the different laser geometries are included.

  14. Non-linear optics of ultrastrongly coupled cavity polaritons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crescimanno, Michael; Liu, Bin; McMaster, Michael; Singer, Kenneth

    2016-05-01

    Experiments at CWRU have developed organic cavity polaritons that display world-record vacuum Rabi splittings of more than an eV. This ultrastrongly coupled polaritonic matter is a new regime for exploring non-linear optical effects. We apply quantum optics theory to quantitatively determine various non-linear optical effects including types of low harmonic generation (SHG and THG) in single and double cavity polariton systems. Ultrastrongly coupled photon-matter systems such as these may be the foundation for technologies including low-power optical switching and computing.

  15. Coupling system to a microsphere cavity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Iltchenko, Vladimir (Inventor); Maleki, Lute (Inventor); Yao, Steve (Inventor); Wu, Chi (Inventor)

    2002-01-01

    A system of coupling optical energy in a waveguide mode, into a resonator that operates in a whispering gallery mode. A first part of the operation uses a fiber in its waveguide mode to couple information into a resonator e.g. a microsphere. The fiber is cleaved at an angle .PHI. which causes total internal reflection within the fiber. The energy in the fiber then forms an evanescent field and a microsphere is placed in the area of the evanescent field. If the microsphere resonance is resonant with energy in the fiber, then the information in the fiber is effectively transferred to the microsphere.

  16. Integrated optics for coupled-cavity QED

    SciTech Connect

    Lepert, G.; Hinds, E. A.

    2014-12-04

    We present an array of Fabry-Pérot free space microcavities, intended to contain atoms or other quantum emitters, coupled to each other by waveguides resonators on a chip. The concept is highly scalable and offers a unique degree of control, making it a promising platform for quantum simulations. We demonstrate experimentally the basic units of the device.

  17. Cavity-coupled molecular vibrational spectra and dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Owrutsky, Jeffrey; Dunkelberger, Adam; Long, James; Fears, Kenan; Dressick, Walter; Compton, Ryan; Spann, Bryan; Simpkins, Blake

    Coherent coupling between an optical transition and confined optical mode, when sufficiently strong, gives rise to new modes separated by the vacuum Rabi splitting. Such systems have been investigated for electronic-state transitions, for quantum wells and dots, however, only very recently have vibrational transitions been explored. Both static and dynamic results are described for vibrational bands strongly coupled to optical cavities. First, we experimentally and numerically describe coupling between a Fabry-Perot cavity and carbonyl stretch (~1730 cm1) in poly-methylmethacrylate as a function of several parameters of the system including absorber strength and concentration as well as cavity length. Similar studies are carried out for anions both in solution and exchanged into cationic polymers. Ultrafast pump-probe studies are performed on W(CO)6 in solution which reveals changes to the transient spectra and modified relaxation rates. We believe these modified relaxation rates are a consequence of the energy separation between the vibration-cavity polariton modes and excited state transitions. Cavity-modified vibrational states and energy transfer may provide a new avenue for systematic control of molecular processes and chemistry. The work supported by the Office of Naval Research through the Naval Research Laboratory.

  18. Generation of states maximally entanglement (EPR states) by passing two atoms through two coupled cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yabu-uti, B. F. C.; Nohama, F. K.; Roversi, J. A.

    2008-04-01

    We present the results of the interaction of identical two-level atoms with a system formed by two identical coupled cavities via evanescent field. With new bosonic operators (normal nodes), the interaction Hamiltonian between the cavities can be diagonalized. In a particular case, we can eliminate the interaction of the atoms with the nonresonant normal modes reducing the system to the interaction of the atom with a single-mode (like JCM). As an application of this interaction, we analyze the entanglement between distant atoms. We present two related simple procedures to generate two atoms maximally entangled state (EPR pair) interacting (i)successively (atoms passing through the cavities at different moments) and (ii) simultaneously (at the same time) with the coupled cavities system. Moreover, in contrast with other schemes, we can use identical atoms which simplifies in a experiment point of view.

  19. Artificial gauge field for photons in coupled cavity arrays

    SciTech Connect

    Umucalilar, R. O.; Carusotto, I.

    2011-10-15

    We propose and characterize solid-state photonic structures where light experiences an artificial gauge field. A nontrivial phase for photons tunneling between adjacent sites of a coupled cavity array can be obtained by inserting optically active materials in the structure or by inducing a suitable coupling of the propagation and polarization degrees of freedom. We also discuss the feasibility of observing strong gauge field effects in the optical spectra of realistic systems, including the Hofstadter butterfly spectrum.

  20. Enhanced electromechanical coupling of a nanomechanical resonator to coupled superconducting cavities

    PubMed Central

    Li, Peng-Bo; Li, Hong-Rong; Li, Fu-Li

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the electromechanical coupling between a nanomechanical resonator and two parametrically coupled superconducting coplanar waveguide cavities that are driven by a two-mode squeezed microwave source. We show that, with the selective coupling of the resonator to the cavity Bogoliubov modes, the radiation-pressure type coupling can be greatly enhanced by several orders of magnitude, enabling the single photon strong coupling to be reached. This allows the investigation of a number of interesting phenomena such as photon blockade effects and the generation of nonclassical quantum states with electromechanical systems. PMID:26753744

  1. Topological quantum states of light in coupled microwave cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Ruichao; Owen, John C.; Lachapelle, Aman; Yoon, Taekwan; Schuster, David; Simon, Jonathan

    We present a unique photonic platform to explore quantum many-body phenomena in coupled cavity arrays. We create tight binding lattices with arrays of evanescently coupled three-dimensional coaxial microwave cavities. Topologically non-trivial band structures are engineered by utilizing the chiral coupling of the cavity modes to ferrite spheres in a magnetic field. We develop robust, minimal methods to completely characterize the tight-binding Hamiltonian, including all onsite disorder, tunnel coupling, local dissipation and effective flux, using only spectroscopic measurement on specific sites. These efforts pave the way to realize low-disorder, long-coherence, topological tight binding models, where the many-body states can be spectroscopically driven and probed in temporally- and spatially- resolved measurements. Using techniques from circuit QED, effective onsite photon-photon interactions may be introduced by coupling to superconducting qubits. This will allow us to explore the interplay between topology and coherent interaction in these artificial strongly-correlated photonic quantum materials.

  2. Two coupled nonlinear cavities in a driven-dissipative environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Bin; Mahmud, Khan; Hafezi, Mohammad

    We investigate two coupled nonlinear cavities that are driven coherently in a dissipative environment. This is the simplest setting containing a good number of features of an array of coupled cavity quantum simulator with Kerr nonlinearity which gives rise to many strongly correlated phases. We find analytical solution for the steady state using the generalized P representation and expressing the master equation in the form of Fokker-Planck equation. A comparison shows a good match of the analytical and numerical solutions across different regimes. We investigate the quantum correlations in the steady state by solving the full master equation numerically, analyzing its second-order coherence, entanglment entropy and Liouvillian gap as a function of drive and detuning. This gives us insights into the nature of bistability and how the tunneling-induced bistability emerges in coupled cavities when going beyond a single cavity. We can understand much of the semiclassical physics in terms of the underlying phase space dynamics of a driven and damped classical pendulum. Furthermore, in the semiclassical analysis, we find steady state solutions with different number density in the two wells that can be considered an analog of double well self-trapped states.

  3. Lateral shearing optical gradient force in coupled nanobeam photonic crystal cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Han; Zhang, Xingwang; Deng, Jie; Zhao, Yunshan; Chau, Fook Siong; Zhou, Guangya

    2016-04-01

    We report the experimental observation of lateral shearing optical gradient forces in nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) controlled dual-coupled photonic crystal (PhC) nanobeam cavities. With an on-chip integrated NEMS actuator, the coupled cavities can be mechanically reconfigured in the lateral direction while maintaining a constant coupling gap. Shearing optical gradient forces are generated when the two cavity centers are laterally displaced. In our experiments, positive and negative lateral shearing optical forces of 0.42 nN and 0.29 nN are observed with different pumping modes. This study may broaden the potential applications of the optical gradient force in nanophotonic devices and benefit the future nanooptoelectromechanical systems.

  4. Cleaved-coupled-cavity lasers with large cavity length ratios for enhanced stability

    SciTech Connect

    Bowers, J.E.; Bjorkholm, J.E.; Burrus, C.A.; Coldren, L.A.; Hemenway, B.R.; Wilt, D.P.

    1984-05-01

    The fabrication and operation of the first cleaved-coupled-cavity (C/sup 3/) semiconductor lasers with large cavity length ratios are described. The internal cleaved facet is precisely positioned by photochemically etching a groove through most of the wafer. Single longitudinal mode operation is obtained over a temperature range of 21 /sup 0/C and over a current range of threshold to greater than four times threshold. Sidemode suppression of 100:1 was measured when the laser was modulated at 350 MHz with an extinction ratio greater than 10:1. These results are experimentally and theoretically compared to approximately equal length C/sup 3/ lasers.

  5. Optical quantum computation with cavities in the intermediate coupling region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mei, F.; Yu, Y. F.; Feng, X. L.; Zhu, S. L.; Zhang, Z. M.

    2010-07-01

    Large-scale quantum computation is currently a hot area of research. The scalable quantum computation scheme with cavities originally proposed by Duan and Kimble (Phys. Rev. Lett., 92 (2004) 127902) is further developed here to operate in the intermediate coupling region, which not only greatly relaxes experimental demands on the Purcell factor, but also eliminates the need to consider internal trade-off between cavity quality and efficiency. In our scheme, by controlling the reflectivity of the input single-photon pulse in the cavity, we can realize local atom-photon and nonlocal atom-atom controlled phase-flip (CPF) gates. We also introduce a theoretical model to analyze the performance of our scheme under practical noise. Furthermore, we show that the nonlocal CPF gate can be used to realize a quantum repeater.

  6. Study of the effect of loop inductance on the RF transmission line to cavity coupling coefficient.

    PubMed

    Lal, Shankar; Pant, K K

    2016-08-01

    Coupling of RF power is an important aspect in the design and development of RF accelerating structures. RF power coupling employing coupler loops has the advantage of tunability of β, the transmission line to cavity coupling coefficient. Analytical expressions available in literature for determination of size of the coupler loop using Faraday's law of induction show reasonably good agreement with experimentally measured values of β below critical coupling (β ≤ 1) but show large deviation with experimentally measured values and predictions by simulations for higher values of β. In actual accelerator application, many RF cavities need to be over-coupled with β > 1 for reasons of beam loading compensation, reduction of cavity filling time, etc. This paper discusses a modified analytical formulation by including the effect of loop inductance in the determination of loop size for any desired coupling coefficient. The analytical formulation shows good agreement with 3D simulations and with experimentally measured values. It has been successfully qualified by the design and development of power coupler loops for two 476 MHz pre-buncher RF cavities, which have successfully been conditioned at rated power levels using these coupler loops. PMID:27587114

  7. Modeling Coupled Evaporation and Seepage in Ventilated Cavities

    SciTech Connect

    T. Ghezzehei; R. Trautz; S. Finsterle; P. Cook; C. Ahlers

    2004-07-01

    Cavities excavated in unsaturated geological formations are important to activities such as nuclear waste disposal and mining. Such cavities provide a unique setting for simultaneous occurrence of seepage and evaporation. Previously, inverse numerical modeling of field liquid-release tests and associated seepage into cavities were used to provide seepage-related large-scale formation properties by ignoring the impact of evaporation. The applicability of such models was limited to the narrow range of ventilation conditions under which the models were calibrated. The objective of this study was to alleviate this limitation by incorporating evaporation into the seepage models. We modeled evaporation as an isothermal vapor diffusion process. The semi-physical model accounts for the relative humidity, temperature, and ventilation conditions of the cavities. The evaporation boundary layer thickness (BLT) over which diffusion occurs was estimated by calibration against free-water evaporation data collected inside the experimental cavities. The estimated values of BLT were 5 to 7 mm for the open underground drifts and 20 mm for niches closed off by bulkheads. Compared to previous models that neglected the effect of evaporation, this new approach showed significant improvement in capturing seepage fluctuations into open cavities of low relative humidity. At high relative-humidity values (greater than 85%), the effect of evaporation on seepage was very small.

  8. Mirror cavity MMI coupled photonic wire resonator in SOI.

    PubMed

    Bock, Przemek J; Cheben, Pavel; Xu, Dan-Xia; Janz, Siegfried; Hall, Trevor J

    2007-10-17

    We propose a new waveguide resonator device with a mirror cavity and a multimode interference (MMI) coupler. We present simulation results for the silicon wire MMI coupler with suppressed reflections and its use as a coupling element in the resonator cavity, built on the silicon-on-insulator waveguide platform. Tapering structures used in the reflection suppression were optimized, and the wavelength dependency of a conventional MMI was compared to that of the MMI with reflection suppression. Equations relating the power transfer of the two-mirror MMI-coupled resonator and quality factor were derived. The device was also studied using finite difference time domain simulation by both pulse and continuous wave excitation. The resonator does not require bend waveguides, it has the advantages of having no bend loss and a compact layout. The resonator device has a very small footprint of 3 mum x 30 mum, and a quality factor of 516. PMID:19550662

  9. Duality and bistability in an optomechanical cavity coupled to a Rydberg superatom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Dong; Wang, Zhi-Hai; Ren, Chun-Nian; Gao, Hang; Li, Yong; Wu, Jin-Hui

    2015-02-01

    We study the steady-state behaviors of a typical optomechanical cavity coupled to cold Rydberg atoms with dipole-dipole interactions. The interacting atoms are described as one superatom of three collective states in a ladder configuration in the limit of a strong dipole blockade and a weak cavity field. We find that this hybrid system exhibits phenomena of conditional duality and nonlinear bistability in terms of mirror displacement, number of cavity photons, and Rydberg population, depending on the detuning of the cavity field, the strength of the optical driving field, and the number of cold atoms. It is of particular interest that the two branches of relevant curves may intersect to yield a nontrivial duality and bistability. Such correlated optical, mechanical, and atomic responses arise from the efficient feedback between atom-light and optomechanical interactions and have realistic applications, e.g., in realizing accurate optomechanical detection or attaining deterministic single photons.

  10. Transmission of a microwave cavity coupled to localized Shiba states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chirla, Razvan; Manolescu, Andrei; Moca, Cǎtǎlin Paşcu

    2016-04-01

    We consider a strongly correlated quantum dot, tunnel coupled to two superconducting leads and capacitively coupled to a single mode microwave cavity. When the superconducting gap is the largest energy scale, multiple Shiba states are formed inside the gap. The competition of these states for the ground state signals a quantum phase transition. We demonstrate that photonic measurements can be used to probe such localized Shiba states. Moreover, the quantum phase transition can be pinpointed exactly from the sudden change in the transmission signal. Calculations were performed using the numerical renormalization-group approach.

  11. Controllable plasmonic sensing based on Fano resonance in a cavity coupled defective MDM waveguide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Yongyi; Zhan, Shiping; Liu, Qiong; Liu, Yunxin

    2016-07-01

    We report a simple plasmonic sensor based on the Fano resonance in a cavity coupled defective metal–dielectric–metal (MDM) waveguide. A theoretical expression for characterizing the sensing property is first derived. We show the formation and evolution of Fano resonance in this cavity coupled waveguide system. Based on the derived theoretical expression and the numerical analysis, we find that the cavity length plays an important role for tuning and optimizing the sensing performance. A highest figure of merit (FOM) of ~6100 is obtained. This plasmonic sensor possesses the advantages of easy fabrication and compactness. The findings and the proposed structure may provide some guidance for the fundamental research of the integrated plasmonic nanosensor applications and designs.

  12. Slow light in dual-periodic photonic crystals based slotted-waveguide coupled cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Na; Li, Yuanyuan; Chen, Cheng; Yan, Shu

    2016-09-01

    Considering the capacity of the nanoscale width area with the low-refractive index can confine light waves, the dual-periodic slotted photonic crystals, which is constructed by coupling low-refractive index's slotted-waveguide with high-refractive index's cavity is proposed in this paper. The best slow light properties and the optimal slotted-waveguide coupled cavity are achieved by adjusting the slotted-width and the period of cavity respectively. In this structure, the slow-light properties are simulated by Plane Wave Expansion (PWE), the result reveals that the group velocities are all three orders of magnitude smaller than the speed of light in vacuum, the slowest value is 7.96 ×10-4 c when the slotted-width is 0.54a and the period of cavity is 0.95a. Moreover, the corresponding Normalized Delay-Bandwidth Product (NDBP) values are larger than 0.24. Besides, the slotted-waveguide coupled cavity can be reconfigured, which accordingly changes the corresponding slow-light property. At last, the numerical results provide a new thought and method for decreasing group velocity and potential application for optical buffer in photonic crystals field.

  13. Cavity Self-Stabilization and Enhancement of Laser Gyroscopes by (Coupled) Optical Resonators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, David D.

    2006-01-01

    We analyze the effect of a highly dispersive element placed inside a modulated optical cavity on the frequency and amplitude of the modulation to determine the conditions for cavity self-stabilization and enhanced gyroscopic sensitivity. Hence, we model cavity rotation or instability by an arbitrary AM/FM modulation, and the dispersive element as a phase and amplitude filter. We find that anomalous dispersion may be used to self-stabilize a laser cavity, provided the magnitude of the group index of refraction is smaller than the phase index of refraction in the cavity. The optimal stabilization is found to occur when the group index is zero. Group indices with magnitudes larger than the phase index (both normal and anomalous dispersion) are found to enhance the sensitivity of a laser gyroscope to rotation. Furthermore, our results indicate that atomic media, even coherent superpositions in multilevel atoms, are not useful for these applications, because the amplitude and phase filters work against one another, i.e., decreasing the modulation frequency increases its amplitude and vice versa, with one exception: negative group indices whose magnitudes are larger than the phase index result in negative, but enhanced, beat frequencies. On the other hand, for optical resonators the dispersion reversal associated with critical coupling enables the amplitude and phase filters to work together under a greater variety of circumstances than for atomic media. We find that for single over-coupled resonators, or in the case of under-coupled coupled-resonator-induced absorption, the absorption and normal dispersion on-resonance increase the contrast and frequency of the beat-note, respectively, resulting in a substantial enhancement of the gyroscopic response. Moreover, for cavity self-stabilization, we propose the use of a variety of coupled-resonator induced transparency that is accompanied by anomalous dispersion.

  14. Coaxial Coupling Scheme for TESLA/ILC-type Cavities

    SciTech Connect

    J.K. Sekutowicz, P. Kneisel

    2010-05-01

    This paper reports about our efforts to develop a flangeable coaxial coupler for both HOM and fundamental coupling for 9-cell TESLA/ILC-type cavities. The cavities were designed in early 90‘s for pulsed operation with a low duty factor, less than 1 %. The proposed design of the coupler has been done in a way, that the magnetic flux B at the flange connection is minimized and only a field of <5 mT would be present at the accelerating field Eacc of ~ 36 MV/m (B =150 mT in the cavity). Even though we achieved reasonably high Q-values at low field, the cavity/coupler combination was limited in the cw mode to only ~ 7 MV/m, where a thermally initiated degradation occurred. We have improved the cooling conditions by initially drilling radial channels every 30 degrees, then every 15 degrees into the shorting plate. The modified prototype performed well up to 9 MV/m in cw mode. This paper reports about our experiences with the further modified coaxial coupler and about test results in cw and low duty cycle pulsed mode, similar to the TESLA/ILC operation conditions.

  15. Substrate Integrated Waveguide Cross-Coupling Filter with Multilayer Hexagonal Cavity

    PubMed Central

    Wu, B.; Xu, Z. Q.; Liao, J. X.

    2013-01-01

    Hexagonal cavities and their applications to multilayer substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) filters are presented. The hexagonal SIW cavity which can combine flexibility of rectangular one and performance of circular one is convenient for bandpass filter's design. Three types of experimental configuration with the same central frequency of 10 GHz and bandwidth of 6%, including three-order and four-order cross-coupling topologies, are constructed and fabricated based on low temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC) technology. Both theoretical and experimental results are presented. PMID:24459441

  16. Substrate integrated waveguide cross-coupling filter with multilayer hexagonal cavity.

    PubMed

    Wu, B; Xu, Z Q; Liao, J X

    2013-01-01

    Hexagonal cavities and their applications to multilayer substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) filters are presented. The hexagonal SIW cavity which can combine flexibility of rectangular one and performance of circular one is convenient for bandpass filter's design. Three types of experimental configuration with the same central frequency of 10 GHz and bandwidth of 6%, including three-order and four-order cross-coupling topologies, are constructed and fabricated based on low temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC) technology. Both theoretical and experimental results are presented. PMID:24459441

  17. Optical modulator based on coupled photonic crystal cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Serafimovich, Pavel G.; Kazanskiy, Nikolay L.

    2016-07-01

    We propose and numerically investigate an optical signal modulator based on two-photonic crystal nanobeam cavities coupled through a waveguide. The suggested modulator shifts the resonant frequency over a scalable range. We design a compact optical modulator based on photonic crystal nanobeams cavities that exhibits high stability to manufacturing. Photonic crystal waveguide tuning in the low-intensity region of the resonant mode is demonstrated. The advantages of the suggested approach over the single-resonator optical modulator approaches include the possibilities to shift the modulator frequency over a scalable range that depends on switching energy level and to effectively electrically tune the device in the low-intensity region of the resonant mode.

  18. Pfaffian states in coupled atom-cavity systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayward, Andrew L. C.; Martin, Andrew M.

    2016-05-01

    Coupled atom-cavity arrays, such as those described by the Jaynes-Cummings-Hubbard model, have the potential to emulate a wide range of condensed-matter phenomena. In particular, the strongly correlated states of the fractional quantum Hall effect can be realized. At some filling fractions, the fraction quantum Hall effect has been shown to possess ground states with non-Abelian excitations. The most well studied of these states is the Pfaffian state of Moore and Read G. Moore and N. Read, Nucl. Phys. B 360, 362 (1991), 10.1016/0550-3213(91)90407-O, which is the ground state of a Hall liquid with a three-body interaction. We show how an effective three-body interaction can be generated within the cavity QED framework, and that a Pfaffian-like ground state of these systems exists.

  19. Parity-Time Symmetry Breaking in Coupled Nanobeam Cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Senlin; Yong, Zhengdong; Zhang, Yuguang; He, Sailing

    2016-04-01

    The concept of parity-time symmetry (PT symmetry) originates from the canonical quantum mechanics and has become a hot topic recently. As a versatile platform to investigate the intriguing concept, both theoretical and experimental works in optics have been implemented. In this paper, the PT symmetry breaking phenomenon is investigated in a coupled nanobeam cavity system. An exceptional point is observed during the tuning of the gain/loss level and the coupling strength of the closely placed nanobeam pair. Unidirectional light propagation is investigated, as well as enhanced sensitivity of single particle detection in the vicinity of the exceptional point. The proposed system is easy to be integrated with photonic integrated circuits and can be strongly coupled to optical waveguides.

  20. Parity-Time Symmetry Breaking in Coupled Nanobeam Cavities

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Senlin; Yong, Zhengdong; Zhang, Yuguang; He, Sailing

    2016-01-01

    The concept of parity-time symmetry (PT symmetry) originates from the canonical quantum mechanics and has become a hot topic recently. As a versatile platform to investigate the intriguing concept, both theoretical and experimental works in optics have been implemented. In this paper, the PT symmetry breaking phenomenon is investigated in a coupled nanobeam cavity system. An exceptional point is observed during the tuning of the gain/loss level and the coupling strength of the closely placed nanobeam pair. Unidirectional light propagation is investigated, as well as enhanced sensitivity of single particle detection in the vicinity of the exceptional point. The proposed system is easy to be integrated with photonic integrated circuits and can be strongly coupled to optical waveguides. PMID:27075817

  1. Parity-Time Symmetry Breaking in Coupled Nanobeam Cavities.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Senlin; Yong, Zhengdong; Zhang, Yuguang; He, Sailing

    2016-01-01

    The concept of parity-time symmetry (PT symmetry) originates from the canonical quantum mechanics and has become a hot topic recently. As a versatile platform to investigate the intriguing concept, both theoretical and experimental works in optics have been implemented. In this paper, the PT symmetry breaking phenomenon is investigated in a coupled nanobeam cavity system. An exceptional point is observed during the tuning of the gain/loss level and the coupling strength of the closely placed nanobeam pair. Unidirectional light propagation is investigated, as well as enhanced sensitivity of single particle detection in the vicinity of the exceptional point. The proposed system is easy to be integrated with photonic integrated circuits and can be strongly coupled to optical waveguides. PMID:27075817

  2. Collective excitations of atoms and field modes in coupled cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Enaki, Nicolae A.; Bazgan, Sergiu

    2014-04-01

    The exact solution for the system formed from two or three q-bits doped in coupled cavities is discussed. The problem of indistinguishability between the excited radiators and the photons is analyzed using the intrinsic symmetry of the system. It is demonstrated that the solution is drastically simplified when the radiators and photons are considered as new polariton excitations. The exact solution of the Schrödinger equation is obtained for single and two excitations in each cavity considering the indistinguishability principle. This approach opens new possibilities for the interpretation of quantum entangled states in comparison with the traditional distinct situation (see e.g. Napoli and Messina 2001 Fortschr. Phys. 49 1059; Enaki and Bazgan 2013 Phys. Scr. T153 014022) due to the decrease in the number of degrees of freedom in the system. Considering that the energy of coupling between the radiators and the photons is larger than that of the coupling with an external vacuum field, we have found the master equation for the dumping of collective excitations. The time dependence of the population for new dressed quasi-levels of energy is obtained by solving the master equation analytically and numerically.

  3. Couple molecular excitons to surface plasmon polaritons in an organic-dye-doped nanostructured cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Kun; Shi, Wen-Bo; Wang, Di; Xu, Yue; Peng, Ru-Wen; Fan, Ren-Hao; Wang, Qian-Jin; Wang, Mu

    2016-05-01

    In this work, we demonstrate experimentally the hybrid coupling among molecular excitons, surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), and Fabry-Perot (FP) mode in a nanostructured cavity, where a J-aggregates doped PVA (polyvinyl alcohol) layer is inserted between a silver grating and a thick silver film. By tuning the thickness of the doped PVA layer, the FP cavity mode efficiently couples with the molecular excitons, forming two nearly dispersion-free modes. The dispersive SPPs interact with these two modes while increasing the incident angle, leading to the formation of three hybrid polariton bands. By retrieving the mixing fractions of the polariton band components from the measured angular reflection spectra, we find all these three bands result from the strong coupling among SPPs, FP mode, and excitons. This work may inspire related studies on hybrid light-matter interactions, and achieve potential applications on multimode polariton lasers and optical spectroscopy.

  4. Quantum Interference Induced Photon Blockade in a Coupled Single Quantum Dot-Cavity System

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Jing; Geng, Weidong; Xu, Xiulai

    2015-01-01

    We propose an experimental scheme to implement a strong photon blockade with a single quantum dot coupled to a nanocavity. The photon blockade effect can be tremendously enhanced by driving the cavity and the quantum dot simultaneously with two classical laser fields. This enhancement of photon blockade is ascribed to the quantum interference effect to avoid two-photon excitation of the cavity field. Comparing with Jaynes-Cummings model, the second-order correlation function at zero time delay g(2)(0) in our scheme can be reduced by two orders of magnitude and the system sustains a large intracavity photon number. A red (blue) cavity-light detuning asymmetry for photon quantum statistics with bunching or antibunching characteristics is also observed. The photon blockade effect has a controllable flexibility by tuning the relative phase between the two pumping laser fields and the Rabi coupling strength between the quantum dot and the pumping field. Moreover, the photon blockade scheme based on quantum interference mechanism does not require a strong coupling strength between the cavity and the quantum dot, even with the pure dephasing of the system. This simple proposal provides an effective way for potential applications in solid state quantum computation and quantum information processing. PMID:25783560

  5. Tunable all-optical plasmonic diode based on Fano resonance in nonlinear waveguide coupled with cavities.

    PubMed

    Fan, Cairong; Shi, Fenghua; Wu, Hongxing; Chen, Yihang

    2015-06-01

    Tunable all-optical plasmonic diode is proposed based on the Fano resonance in an asymmetric and nonlinear system, comprising metal-insulator-metal waveguides coupled with nanocavities. The spatial asymmetry of the system gives rise to the nonreciprocity of the field localizations at the nonlinear gap between the coupled cavities and to the nonreciprocal nonlinear response. Nonlinear Fano resonance, originating from the interference between the discrete cavity mode and the continuum traveling mode, is observed and effectively tuned by changing the input power. By combining the unidirectional nonlinear response with the steep dispersion of the Fano asymmetric line shape, a transmission contrast ratio up to 41.46 dB can be achieved between forward and backward transmission. Our all-optical plasmonic diode with compact structure can find important applications in integrated optical nanocircuits. PMID:26030529

  6. Resonator modes and mode dynamics for an external cavity-coupled laser array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nair, Niketh; Bochove, Erik J.; Aceves, Alejandro B.; Zunoubi, Mohammad R.; Braiman, Yehuda

    2015-03-01

    Employing a Fox-Li approach, we derived the cold-cavity mode structure and a coupled mode theory for a phased array of N single-transverse-mode active waveguides with feedback from an external cavity. We applied the analysis to a system with arbitrary laser lengths, external cavity design and coupling strengths to the external cavity. The entire system was treated as a single resonator. The effect of the external cavity was modeled by a set of boundary conditions expressed by an N-by-N frequency-dependent matrix relation between incident and reflected fields at the interface with the external cavity. The coupled mode theory can be adapted to various types of gain media and internal and external cavity designs.

  7. Multiphysics Application Coupling Toolkit

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2013-12-02

    This particular consortium implementation of the software integration infrastructure will, in large part, refactor portions of the Rocstar multiphysics infrastructure. Development of this infrastructure originated at the University of Illinois DOE ASCI Center for Simulation of Advanced Rockets (CSAR) to support the center's massively parallel multiphysics simulation application, Rocstar, and has continued at IllinoisRocstar, a small company formed near the end of the University-based program. IllinoisRocstar is now licensing these new developments as free, openmore » source, in hopes to help improve their own and others' access to infrastructure which can be readily utilized in developing coupled or composite software systems; with particular attention to more rapid production and utilization of multiphysics applications in the HPC environment. There are two major pieces to the consortium implementation, the Application Component Toolkit (ACT), and the Multiphysics Application Coupling Toolkit (MPACT). The current development focus is the ACT, which is (will be) the substrate for MPACT. The ACT itself is built up from the components described in the technical approach. In particular, the ACT has the following major components: 1.The Component Object Manager (COM): The COM package provides encapsulation of user applications, and their data. COM also provides the inter-component function call mechanism. 2.The System Integration Manager (SIM): The SIM package provides constructs and mechanisms for orchestrating composite systems of multiply integrated pieces.« less

  8. Multiphysics Application Coupling Toolkit

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, Michael T.

    2013-12-02

    This particular consortium implementation of the software integration infrastructure will, in large part, refactor portions of the Rocstar multiphysics infrastructure. Development of this infrastructure originated at the University of Illinois DOE ASCI Center for Simulation of Advanced Rockets (CSAR) to support the center's massively parallel multiphysics simulation application, Rocstar, and has continued at IllinoisRocstar, a small company formed near the end of the University-based program. IllinoisRocstar is now licensing these new developments as free, open source, in hopes to help improve their own and others' access to infrastructure which can be readily utilized in developing coupled or composite software systems; with particular attention to more rapid production and utilization of multiphysics applications in the HPC environment. There are two major pieces to the consortium implementation, the Application Component Toolkit (ACT), and the Multiphysics Application Coupling Toolkit (MPACT). The current development focus is the ACT, which is (will be) the substrate for MPACT. The ACT itself is built up from the components described in the technical approach. In particular, the ACT has the following major components: 1.The Component Object Manager (COM): The COM package provides encapsulation of user applications, and their data. COM also provides the inter-component function call mechanism. 2.The System Integration Manager (SIM): The SIM package provides constructs and mechanisms for orchestrating composite systems of multiply integrated pieces.

  9. Cavity Optomechanics: Coherent Coupling of Light and Mechanical Oscillators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kippenberg, Tobias J.

    2012-06-01

    The mutual coupling of optical and mechanical degrees of freedom via radiation pressure has been a subject of interest in the context of quantum limited displacements measurements for Gravity Wave Detection for many decades, however light forces have remained experimentally unexplored in such systems. Recent advances in nano- and micro-mechanical oscillators have for the first time allowed the observation of radiation pressure phenomena in an experimental setting and constitute the expanding research field of cavity optomechanics [1]. These advances have allowed achieving to enter the quantum regime of mechanical systems, which are now becoming a third quantum technology after atoms, ions and molecules in a first and electronic circuits in a second wave. In this talk I will review these advances. Using on-chip micro-cavities that combine both optical and mechanical degrees of freedom in one and the same device [2], radiation pressure back-action of photons is shown to lead to effective cooling [3-6]) of the mechanical oscillator mode using dynamical backaction, which has been predicted by Braginsky as early as 1969 [4]. This back-action cooling exhibits many close analogies to atomic laser cooling. With this novel technique the quantum mechanical ground state of a micromechanical oscillator has been prepared with high probability using both microwave and optical fields. In our research this is reached using cryogenic precooling to ca. 800 mK in conjunction with laser cooling, allowing cooling of micromechanical oscillator to only motional 1.7 quanta, implying that the mechanical oscillator spends about 40% of its time in the quantum ground state. Moreover it is possible in this regime to observe quantum coherent coupling in which the mechanical and optical mode hybridize and the coupling rate exceeds the mechanical and optical decoherence rate [7]. This accomplishment enables a range of quantum optical experiments, including state transfer from light to mechanics

  10. One-dimensional array of ion chains coupled to an optical cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cetina, Marko; Bylinskii, Alexei; Karpa, Leon; Gangloff, Dorian; Beck, Kristin M.; Ge, Yufei; Scholz, Matthias; Grier, Andrew T.; Chuang, Isaac; Vuletić, Vladan

    2013-05-01

    We present a novel system where an optical cavity is integrated with a microfabricated planar-electrode ion trap. The trap electrodes produce a tunable periodic potential allowing the trapping of up to 50 separate ion chains aligned with the cavity and spaced by 160 μm in a one-dimensional array along the cavity axis. Each chain can contain up to 20 individually addressable Yb+ ions coupled to the cavity mode. We demonstrate deterministic distribution of ions between the sites of the electrostatic periodic potential and control of the ion-cavity coupling. The measured strength of this coupling should allow access to the strong collective coupling regime with ≲10 ions. The optical cavity could serve as a quantum information bus between ions or be used to generate a strong wavelength-scale periodic optical potential.

  11. Line splitting and modified atomic decay of atoms coupled with N quantized cavity modes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Yifu

    1992-05-01

    We study the interaction of a two-level atom with N non-degenerate quantized cavity modes including dissipations from atomic decay and cavity damps. In the strong coupling regime, the absorption or emission spectrum of weakly excited atom-cavity system possesses N + 1 spectral peaks whose linewidths are the weighted averages of atomic and cavity linewidths. The coupled system shows subnatural (supernatural) atomic decay behavior if the photon loss rates from the N cavity modes are smaller (larger) than the atomic decay rate. If N cavity modes are degenerate, they can be treated effectively as a single mode. In addition, we present numerical calculations for N = 2 to characterize the system evolution from the weak coupling to strong coupling limits.

  12. Coupling of cavities: the way to impose control over their modes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivinskaya, Aliaksandra M.; Lavrinenko, Andrei V.; Sukhorukov, Andrey A.; Shyroki, Dzmitry M.; Ha, Sangwoo; Kivshar, Yuri S.

    2010-05-01

    In this work, we demonstrate that the compound mode properties of coupled photonic-crystal cavities can depend critically on the interplay of distance between cavities and their longitudinal shifts. Thus the robust control over the cavity modes can be imposed. The simple coupled-mode theory employed for such systems predicts a peculiar behavior of band dispersion in the slow light regime at the photonic band-edge. In particular, it reveals an interesting effect that the frequency detuning of the fundamental supermodes in the coupled cavities can be reduced down to zero. We anticipate that this property will be generic for side-coupled cavity systems irrespectively of the individual cavity design, e.g. point-defect cavities in a photonic crystal or linear cavities in one-dimensional arrays of elements (rods or holes). We report here about the finite-difference frequency-domain method (FDFD) developed by us to analyze nanocavities with a very high Q-factor. The method is utilized to confirm by simulations the coupled-mode theory predictions. As an example we choose coupled cavities in one-dimensional periodic arrays of holes in dielectric nanowires known also as nanobeams.

  13. Rf transfer in the Coupled-Cavity Free-Electron Laser Two-Beam Accelerator

    SciTech Connect

    Makowski, M.A.

    1991-01-01

    A significant technical problem associated with the Coupled-Cavity Free-Electron Laser Two-Beam Accelerator is the transfer of RF energy from the drive accelerator to the high-gradient accelerator. Several concepts have been advanced to solve this problem. This paper examines one possible solution in which the drive and high-gradient cavities are directly coupled to one another by means of holes in the cavity walls or coupled indirectly through a third intermediate transfer cavity. Energy cascades through the cavities on a beat frequency time scale which must be made small compared to the cavity skin time but large compared to the FEL pulse length. The transfer is complicated by the fact that each of the cavities in the system can support many resonant modes near the chosen frequency of operation. A generalized set of coupled-cavity equations has been developed to model the energy transfer between the various modes in each of the cavities. For a two cavity case transfer efficiencies in excess of 95% can be achieved. 3 refs., 2 figs.

  14. Optomechanical coupling in phoxonic–plasmonic slab cavities with periodic metal strips

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Tzy-Rong; Huang, Yin-Chen; Hsu, Jin-Chen

    2015-05-07

    We theoretically investigate the optomechanical (OM) coupling of submicron cavities formed in one-dimensional phoxonic–plasmonic slabs. The phoxonic–plasmonic slabs are structured by depositing periodic Ag strips onto the top surfaces of dielectric GaAs slabs to produce dual band gaps for both electromagnetic and acoustic waves, thereby inducing the coupling of surface plasmons with photons for tailoring the OM coupling. We quantify the OM coupling by calculating the temporal modulation of the optical resonance wavelength with the acoustic phonon-induced photoelastic (PE) and moving-boundary (MB) effects. We also consider the appearance of a uniform Ag layer on the bottom surface of the slabs to modulate the photonic–plasmonic coupling. The results show that the PE and MB effects can be constructive or destructive in the overall OM coupling, and their magnitudes depend not only on the quality factors of the resonant modes but also on the mode area, mode overlap, and individual symmetries of the photonic–phononic mode pairs. Lowering the mode area could be effective for enhancing the OM coupling of subwavelength photons and phonons. This study introduces possible engineering applications to achieve enhanced interaction between photons and phonons in nanoscale OM devices.

  15. Optomechanical coupling in phoxonic-plasmonic slab cavities with periodic metal strips

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Tzy-Rong; Huang, Yin-Chen; Hsu, Jin-Chen

    2015-05-01

    We theoretically investigate the optomechanical (OM) coupling of submicron cavities formed in one-dimensional phoxonic-plasmonic slabs. The phoxonic-plasmonic slabs are structured by depositing periodic Ag strips onto the top surfaces of dielectric GaAs slabs to produce dual band gaps for both electromagnetic and acoustic waves, thereby inducing the coupling of surface plasmons with photons for tailoring the OM coupling. We quantify the OM coupling by calculating the temporal modulation of the optical resonance wavelength with the acoustic phonon-induced photoelastic (PE) and moving-boundary (MB) effects. We also consider the appearance of a uniform Ag layer on the bottom surface of the slabs to modulate the photonic-plasmonic coupling. The results show that the PE and MB effects can be constructive or destructive in the overall OM coupling, and their magnitudes depend not only on the quality factors of the resonant modes but also on the mode area, mode overlap, and individual symmetries of the photonic-phononic mode pairs. Lowering the mode area could be effective for enhancing the OM coupling of subwavelength photons and phonons. This study introduces possible engineering applications to achieve enhanced interaction between photons and phonons in nanoscale OM devices.

  16. Towards achieving strong coupling in three-dimensional-cavity with solid state spin resonance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Floch, J.-M.; Delhote, N.; Aubourg, M.; Madrangeas, V.; Cros, D.; Castelletto, S.; Tobar, M. E.

    2016-04-01

    We investigate the microwave magnetic field confinement in several microwave three-dimensional (3D)-cavities, using a 3D finite-element analysis to determine the best design and achieve a strong coupling between microwave resonant cavity photons and solid state spins. Specifically, we design cavities for achieving strong coupling of electromagnetic modes with an ensemble of nitrogen vacancy (NV) defects in diamond. We report here a novel and practical cavity design with a magnetic filling factor of up to 4 times (2 times higher collective coupling) than previously achieved using one-dimensional superconducting cavities with a small mode volume. In addition, we show that by using a double-split resonator cavity, it is possible to achieve up to 200 times better cooperative factor than the currently demonstrated with NV in diamond. These designs open up further opportunities for studying strong and ultra-strong coupling effects on spins in solids using alternative systems with a wider range of design parameters. The strong coupling of paramagnetic spin defects with a photonic cavity is used in quantum computer architecture, to interface electrons spins with photons, facilitating their read-out and processing of quantum information. To achieve this, the combination of collective coupling of spins and cavity mode is more feasible and offers a promising method. This is a relevant milestone to develop advanced quantum technology and to test fundamental physics principles.

  17. Remote coupling between a probe and a superconducting klystron cavity for use in gravitational wave detectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Paula, L. A. N.; Aguiar, O. D.; Oliveira, N. F., Jr.

    2013-08-01

    In this work the main task was to measure the remote coupling between a probe and some niobium superconducting reentrant cavities for use in parametric transducers of gravitational wave detectors. The cavities were manufactured from RRR300 niobium and cryogenically tested to determine the electromagnetic coupling among other parameters. These cavities were also closed using a RRR300 niobium cover forming a narrow axial gap with the post top. A hole was made at the base opposite the cover in order to the probe reach the cavity. Generally, the critical coupling (β ≈ 1) is achieved with the probe inside the cavity. The mechanical connection of the probe with the transducer and the external circuit introduces an unwanted seismic noise in the transducer. The microstrip antennas have been traditionally employed to make a wireless connection. However, this study has demonstrated coupling factor β ≈ 1 with the probe moved away 4.0 mm from the cavity with a 3.0 mm diameter hole. Couplings with the probe moved away 1.0 mm and 7.0 mm from cavities with 1.5 mm and 3.5 mm diameter holes, respectively, have also been obtained. These results have revealed the influence of the hole diameter with the remote coupling between an electric field probe and the klystron mode of a superconducting reentrant cavity. Due to the practicalities, this effect may replace the microstrip antennas making it possible to implement high sensitivity parametric transducers.

  18. In-plane integration of VCSEL with photo-detector by using laterally coupled cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dalir, Hamed; Koyama, Fumio

    2014-02-01

    A novel concept to form a photo-detector integrated VCSELs using transverse-coupled-cavity (TCC) scheme is demonstrated. In our configuration one cavity suppressed by the reverse bias voltage at 1volt, while the other cavity used as a laser. Proton-implantation was used in order to prevent the current leakage. The formation aperture diameter of each cavity gives us multimode and quasi-single mode condition. Our preliminary results on L-I indicate the possibility of continues tracking of photocurrent in the range of 0.7- 10 mA, which is limited by the threshold and saturation level of the laser side cavity.

  19. Disorder-induced transparency in a one-dimensional waveguide side coupled with optical cavities

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Yongyou Dong, Guangda; Zou, Bingsuo

    2014-05-07

    Disorder influence on photon transmission behavior is theoretically studied in a one-dimensional waveguide side coupled with a series of optical cavities. For this sake, we propose a concept of disorder-induced transparency appearing on the low-transmission spectral background. Two kinds of disorders, namely, disorders of optical cavity eigenfrequencies and relative phases in the waveguide side coupled with optical cavities are considered to show the disorder-induced transparency. They both can induce the optical transmission peaks on the low-transmission backgrounds. The statistical mean value of the transmission also increases with increasing the disorders of the cavity eigenfrequencies and relative phases.

  20. 29 GHz directly modulated 980 nm vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers with bow-tie shape transverse coupled cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dalir, Hamed; Koyama, Fumio

    2013-08-01

    A concept for the bandwidth enhancement of directly modulated vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) using a transverse-coupled-cavity (TCC) scheme is proposed, which enables us to tailor the modulation-transfer function. A bow-tie shaped oxide aperture forms the transverse-coupled cavity resulting in optical feedback to boost the modulation speed. While the bandwidth of conventional VCSELs is 9-10 GHz, the 3 dB-bandwidth of the TCC VCSEL is increased by a factor of 3 far beyond the relaxation-oscillation frequency. The maximum bandwidth is currently limited by the photo-detector used in the experiment. Clear 36 Gbps eye opening was attained with an extinction ratio of 4 dB.

  1. Superconducting spoke cavities for high-velocity applications

    SciTech Connect

    Hopper, Christopher S.; Delayen, Jean R.

    2013-10-01

    To date, superconducting spoke cavities have been designed, developed, and tested for particle velocities up to {beta}{sub 0}~0.6, but there is a growing interest in possible applications of multispoke cavities for high-velocity applications. We have explored the design parameter space for low-frequency, high-velocity, double-spoke superconducting cavities in order to determine how each design parameter affects the electromagnetic properties, in particular the surface electromagnetic fields and the shunt impedance. We present detailed design for cavities operating at 325 and 352 MHz and optimized for {beta}{sub 0}~=0.82 and 1.

  2. Optimization of high-Q coupled nanobeam cavity for label-free sensing.

    PubMed

    Yaseen, Mohammad Tariq; Yang, Yi-Chun; Shih, Min-Hsiung; Chang, Yia-Chung

    2015-01-01

    We numerically and experimentally investigated the lateral coupling between photonic crystal (PhC) nanobeam (NB) cavities, pursuing high sensitivity and figure of merit (FOM) label-free biosensor. We numerically carried out 3D finite-difference time-domain (3D-FDTD) and the finite element method (FEM) simulations. We showed that when two PhC NB cavities separated by a small gap are evanescently coupled, the variation in the gap width significantly changes the coupling efficiency between the two coupled NB cavities and the resulting resonant frequencies split. Experimentally, we fabricated laterally-coupled PhC NB cavities using (InGaAsP) layer on the InP substrate. For sensing, we showed that the laterally coupled PhC NB cavities sensor exhibits higher sensitivity than the single PhC NB cavity. The higher sensitivity of laterally coupled PhC NB cavities is due to the strong evanescent coupling between nearby PhC NB cavities, which depends on the gap width and it is attributed to the large confinement of the electromagnetic field in the gap (air or liquid). As a result of the lateral coupling, both even (symmetric) and odd (asymmetric) modes exist. We show that even modes are more sensitive than odd modes. In addition, higher-order modes exhibit higher sensitivity. Hence, we characterized and examined the fabricated PhC NB cavity as a label-free biosensor, and it exhibits high figure of merit due to its high Q-factor. This illustrates a potentially useful method for optical sensing at nanoscale. PMID:26473870

  3. Optimization of High-Q Coupled Nanobeam Cavity for Label-Free Sensing

    PubMed Central

    Yaseen, Mohammad Tariq; Yang, Yi-Chun; Shih, Min-Hsiung; Chang, Yia-Chung

    2015-01-01

    We numerically and experimentally investigated the lateral coupling between photonic crystal (PhC) nanobeam (NB) cavities, pursuing high sensitivity and figure of merit (FOM) label-free biosensor. We numerically carried out 3D finite-difference time-domain (3D-FDTD) and the finite element method (FEM) simulations. We showed that when two PhC NB cavities separated by a small gap are evanescently coupled, the variation in the gap width significantly changes the coupling efficiency between the two coupled NB cavities and the resulting resonant frequencies split. Experimentally, we fabricated laterally-coupled PhC NB cavities using (InGaAsP) layer on the InP substrate. For sensing, we showed that the laterally coupled PhC NB cavities sensor exhibits higher sensitivity than the single PhC NB cavity. The higher sensitivity of laterally coupled PhC NB cavities is due to the strong evanescent coupling between nearby PhC NB cavities, which depends on the gap width and it is attributed to the large confinement of the electromagnetic field in the gap (air or liquid). As a result of the lateral coupling, both even (symmetric) and odd (asymmetric) modes exist. We show that even modes are more sensitive than odd modes. In addition, higher-order modes exhibit higher sensitivity. Hence, we characterized and examined the fabricated PhC NB cavity as a label-free biosensor, and it exhibits high figure of merit due to its high Q-factor. This illustrates a potentially useful method for optical sensing at nanoscale. PMID:26473870

  4. Dynamics of a degenerate Fermi gas in a one-dimensional optical lattice coupled to a cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Sun Qing; Hu Xinghua; Liu, W. M.; Ji Anchun

    2011-04-15

    We systematically study the dynamics of a one-dimensional degenerate Fermi gas in an optical-lattice potential coupled to a single-mode cavity field. We derive an effective model to study the nonperturbative effect caused by the cavity field. Our numerical results show that due to the addition of the optical-lattice potential, the system undergoes second-order transition to a bistable density-wave steady state, where the atoms form a density wave and the cavity field is bistable. In addition, the coherent oscillating behavior of the cavity photon number can be observed. We also present a feasible experimental protocol to realize these phenomena, which may be beneficial for future quantum-information applications.

  5. A photonic crystal cavity-optical fiber tip nanoparticle sensor for biomedical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shambat, Gary; Rajasekhar Kothapalli, Sri; Khurana, Aman; Provine, J.; Sarmiento, Tomas; Cheng, Kai; Cheng, Zhen; Harris, James; Daldrup-Link, Heike; Sam Gambhir, Sanjiv; Vučković, Jelena

    2012-05-01

    We present a sensor capable of detecting solution-based nanoparticles using an optical fiber tip functionalized with a photonic crystal cavity. When sensor tips are retracted from a nanoparticle solution after being submerged, we find that a combination of convective fluid forces and optically induced trapping cause an aggregation of nanoparticles to form directly on cavity surfaces. A simple readout of quantum dot photoluminescence coupled to the optical fiber shows that nanoparticle presence and concentration can be detected through modified cavity properties. Our sensor can detect both gold and iron oxide nanoparticles and can be utilized for molecular sensing applications in biomedicine.

  6. Coupling qubits in circuit-QED cavities connected by a bridge qubit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Mun Dae; Kim, Jaewan

    2016-01-01

    We analyze a coupling scheme for qubits in different cavities of circuit-QED architecture. In contrast to the usual scheme where the cavities are coupled by an interface capacitance we employ a bridge qubit connecting cavities to mediate two-qubit coupling. This active-coupling scheme makes it possible to switch on or off and adjust the strength of qubit-qubit coupling, which is essential for scalability of quantum circuits. By transforming the Hamiltonian we obtain an exact expression of two-qubit coupling in the rotating-wave approximation. For the general case of n qubits the Hamiltonian can produce the W state as an eigenstate of the system. We calculate the decay rate of the coupled qubit-resonator system to find that it is viable in real experiments.

  7. Strong Coupling between a Trapped Single Atom and an All-Fiber Cavity.

    PubMed

    Kato, Shinya; Aoki, Takao

    2015-08-28

    We demonstrate an all-fiber cavity quantum electrodynamics system with a trapped single atom in the strong coupling regime. We use a nanofiber Fabry-Perot cavity, that is, an optical nanofiber sandwiched by two fiber-Bragg-grating mirrors. Measurements of the cavity transmission spectrum with a single atom in a state-insensitive nanofiber trap clearly reveal the vacuum Rabi splitting. PMID:26371652

  8. Tunable optomechanically induced transparency in double quadratically coupled optomechanical cavities within a common reservoir

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bai, C.; Hou, B. P.; Lai, D. G.; Wu, D.

    2016-04-01

    We consider the optomechanically induced transparency in the double quadratically coupled optomechanical cavities within a common reservoir, in which the two cavities are driven by the coupling fields. It is shown that the probe transparency is improved by increasing the coupling field (the left coupling field) applied on the probing cavity, but the transparency position (the probe frequency of the maximal transparency) is shifted to high frequency. The coupling field (the right coupling field) applied on the other quadratically coupled cavity can lead to a low-frequency shift for the transparency position, which can be used to fix the transparency position by adjusting the right coupling field. We get the quantitative findings that the transparency position is exactly determined by the intensity difference between the two coupling fields. On the other hand, it is found that when the two coupled optomechanical cavities interact with their common reservoir, the cross decay induced by the common reservoir can improve the probe transparency and widen the transparency window. Finally, the effects of the environment's temperature on the transparency are investigated. This will be useful in cooling the membrane, squeezing and entangling the output fields.

  9. The 3D split-ring cavity lattice: a new metastructure for engineering arrays of coupled microwave harmonic oscillators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goryachev, Maxim; Tobar, Michael E.

    2015-02-01

    A new electromagnetic cavity structure, a lattice of 3D cavities consisting of an array of posts and gaps is presented. The individual cavity elements are based on the cylindrical re-entrant (or Klystron) cavity. We show that these cavities can also be thought of as 3D split-ring resonators, which is confirmed by applying symmetry transformations, each of which is an electromagnetic resonator with spatially separated magnetic and electric field. The characteristics of the cavity is used to mimic phonon behaviour of a one-dimensional (1D) chain of atoms. It is demonstrated how magnetic field coupling can lead to phonon-like dispersion curves with acoustical and optical branches. The system is able to reproduce a number of effects typical to 1D lattices exhibiting acoustic vibration, such as band gaps, phonon trapping, and effects of impurities. In addition, quasicrystal emulations predict the results expected from this class of ordered structures. The system is easily scalable to simulate two-dimensional and 3D lattices and shows a new way to engineer arrays of coupled microwave resonators with a variety of possible applications to hybrid quantum systems proposed.

  10. Scalable quantum computation via a coherent state input-output process in a low-Q cavity in the atom-cavity intermediate coupling region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Cong; Wang, Chuan; Wang, Tie-Jun; Zhang, Ru

    2013-12-01

    We propose a basic scheme to construct a hybrid controlled phase-flip (CPF) gate between a flying pulse qubit and a stationary atomic qubit, assisted by a cavity input-output process for a low-Q cavity in the atom-cavity intermediate coupling region. The qubits can be encoded on the coherent states and ground states of the single-trapped L-level atom, respectively. We present a theoretical model of the hybrid CPF gate, whose basic strategy is to control the reflectivity of the input coherent optical pulse to obtain a phase shift conditioned by the different internal atomic states by adjusting the parameters of the cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) system. The resulting basic scheme can be used to construct nonlocal gates between remote atomic qubits confined in spatially separated cavities, and also for the generation of an atomic cluster state. The performance and experimental feasibilities of the proposed scheme indicate that it is robust against practical noise and feasible with current technologies. Thus, our scheme is applicable for use in large-scale quantum computation.

  11. Coupled RANS/LES for SOFIA Cavity Acoustic Prediction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woodruff, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    A fast but accurate computation is described for the aero-acoustic properties of a large cavity at subsonic flight speeds. This computation employs a detached-eddy simulation model in the free-shear layer at the cavity opening and the surrounding boundary layer, but assumes inviscid flow in the cavity and in the far field. The reduced gridding requirements in the cavity, in particular, lead to dramatic improvements in the time required for the computation. The results of these computations are validated against wind-tunnel data. This approach will permit significantly more flight test points to be evaluated computationally in support of the Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy flight-test program being carried out at NASA s Dryden Flight Research Center.

  12. Coupled RANS/LES for SOFIA Cavity Acoustic Prediction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woodruff, Stephen L.

    2010-01-01

    A fast but accurate approach is described for the determination of the aero-acoustic properties of a large cavity at subsonic flight speeds. This approach employs a detachededdy simulation model in the free-shear layer at the cavity opening and the surrounding boundary layer, but assumes inviscid flow in the cavity and in the far field. The reduced gridding requirements in the cavity, in particular, lead to dramatic improvements in the time required for the computation. Results of these computations are validated against wind-tunnel data. This approach will permit significantly more flight test points to be evaluated computationally in support of the Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy flight-test program being carried out at NASA s Dryden Flight Research Center.

  13. Sub-gigahertz beam switching of vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with transverse coupled cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Nakahama, M.; Gu, X.; Sakaguchi, T.; Matsutani, A.; Ahmed, M.; Bakry, A.; Koyama, F.

    2015-08-17

    We report a high-speed electrical beam switching of vertical cavity surface emitting laser with a transverse coupled cavity. A high speed (sub-gigahertz) and large deflection angle (>30°) beam switching is demonstrated by employing the transverse mode switching. The angular switching speed of 900 MHz is achieved with narrow beam divergence of below 4° and extinction ratio of 8 dB. We also measured the near- and far-field patterns to clarify the origin of the beam switching. We present a simple one-dimensional Bragg reflector waveguide model, which well predicts the beam switching characteristic.

  14. Sub-gigahertz beam switching of vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with transverse coupled cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakahama, M.; Gu, X.; Sakaguchi, T.; Matsutani, A.; Ahmed, M.; Bakry, A.; Koyama, F.

    2015-08-01

    We report a high-speed electrical beam switching of vertical cavity surface emitting laser with a transverse coupled cavity. A high speed (sub-gigahertz) and large deflection angle (>30°) beam switching is demonstrated by employing the transverse mode switching. The angular switching speed of 900 MHz is achieved with narrow beam divergence of below 4° and extinction ratio of 8 dB. We also measured the near- and far-field patterns to clarify the origin of the beam switching. We present a simple one-dimensional Bragg reflector waveguide model, which well predicts the beam switching characteristic.

  15. Coupled-resonator vertical-cavity lasers with two active gain regions

    DOEpatents

    Fischer, Arthur J.; Choquette, Kent D.; Chow, Weng W.

    2003-05-20

    A new class of coupled-resonator vertical-cavity semiconductor lasers has been developed. These lasers have multiple resonant cavities containing regions of active laser media, resulting in a multi-terminal laser component with a wide range of novel properties.

  16. Entanglements in a coupled cavity-array with one oscillating end-mirror

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Qin; Xiao, Yin; Zhang, Zhi-Ming

    2015-10-01

    We theoretically investigate the entanglement properties in a hybrid system consisting of an optical cavity-array coupled to a mechanical resonator. We show that the steady state of the system presents bipartite continuous variable entanglement in an experimentally accessible parameter regime. The effects of the cavity-cavity coupling strength on the bipartite entanglements in the field-mirror subsystem and in the field-field subsystem are studied. We further find that the entanglement between the adjacent cavity and the movable mirror can be entirely transferred to the distant cavity and mirror by properly choosing the cavity detunings and the coupling strength in the two-cavity case. Surprisingly, such a remote macroscopic entanglement tends to be stable in the large coupling regime and persists for environment temperatures at above 25 K in the three-cavity case. Such optomechanical systems can be used for the realization of continuous variable quantum information interfaces and networks. Project supported by the Major Research Plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 91121023), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61378012 and 60978009), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20124407110009), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2011CBA00200 and 2013CB921804), and the Program for Changjiang Scholar and Innovative Research Team in Universities, China (Grant No. IRT1243).

  17. Cavity magnomechanics

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Xufeng; Zou, Chang-Ling; Jiang, Liang; Tang, Hong X.

    2016-01-01

    A dielectric body couples with electromagnetic fields through radiation pressure and electrostrictive forces, which mediate phonon-photon coupling in cavity optomechanics. In a magnetic medium, according to the Korteweg-Helmholtz formula, which describes the electromagnetic force density acting on a medium, magneostrictive forces should arise and lead to phonon-magnon interaction. We report such a coupled phonon-magnon system based on ferrimagnetic spheres, which we term as cavity magnomechanics, by analogy to cavity optomechanics. Coherent phonon-magnon interactions, including electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption, are demonstrated. Because of the strong hybridization of magnon and microwave photon modes and their high tunability, our platform exhibits new features including parametric amplification of magnons and phonons, triple-resonant photon-magnon-phonon coupling, and phonon lasing. Our work demonstrates the fundamental principle of cavity magnomechanics and its application as a new information transduction platform based on coherent coupling between photons, phonons, and magnons. PMID:27034983

  18. Cavity magnomechanics.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xufeng; Zou, Chang-Ling; Jiang, Liang; Tang, Hong X

    2016-03-01

    A dielectric body couples with electromagnetic fields through radiation pressure and electrostrictive forces, which mediate phonon-photon coupling in cavity optomechanics. In a magnetic medium, according to the Korteweg-Helmholtz formula, which describes the electromagnetic force density acting on a medium, magneostrictive forces should arise and lead to phonon-magnon interaction. We report such a coupled phonon-magnon system based on ferrimagnetic spheres, which we term as cavity magnomechanics, by analogy to cavity optomechanics. Coherent phonon-magnon interactions, including electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption, are demonstrated. Because of the strong hybridization of magnon and microwave photon modes and their high tunability, our platform exhibits new features including parametric amplification of magnons and phonons, triple-resonant photon-magnon-phonon coupling, and phonon lasing. Our work demonstrates the fundamental principle of cavity magnomechanics and its application as a new information transduction platform based on coherent coupling between photons, phonons, and magnons. PMID:27034983

  19. Effect of Pure Dephasing and Phonon Scattering on the Coupling of Semiconductor Quantum Dots to Optical Cavities.

    PubMed

    Jarlov, C; Wodey, É; Lyasota, A; Calic, M; Gallo, P; Dwir, B; Rudra, A; Kapon, E

    2016-08-12

    Using site-controlled semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) free of multiexcitonic continuum states, integrated with photonic crystal membrane cavities, we clarify the effects of pure dephasing and phonon scattering on exciton-cavity coupling in the weak-coupling regime. In particular, the observed QD-cavity copolarization and cavity mode feeding versus QD-cavity detuning are explained quantitatively by a model of a two-level system embedded in a solid-state environment. PMID:27563983

  20. Effect of Pure Dephasing and Phonon Scattering on the Coupling of Semiconductor Quantum Dots to Optical Cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jarlov, C.; Wodey, É.; Lyasota, A.; Calic, M.; Gallo, P.; Dwir, B.; Rudra, A.; Kapon, E.

    2016-08-01

    Using site-controlled semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) free of multiexcitonic continuum states, integrated with photonic crystal membrane cavities, we clarify the effects of pure dephasing and phonon scattering on exciton-cavity coupling in the weak-coupling regime. In particular, the observed QD-cavity copolarization and cavity mode feeding versus QD-cavity detuning are explained quantitatively by a model of a two-level system embedded in a solid-state environment.

  1. All-optical signal amplifier and distributor using cavity-atom coupling systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duan, Yafan; Lin, Gongwei; Niu, Yueping; Gong, Shangqing

    2016-05-01

    We report an all-optical signal amplifier and a signal distributor using cavity-atom coupling systems. In this system we couple atoms with an optical cavity and realize the great enhancement of a control laser by the cavity with the help of two high coupling lasers. By this effect, we can use one weak control field to control another strong target field and the intensity changes are linear with our experimental conditions. This can be used as an all-optical signal amplifier, also known as a ‘transphasor’. In our experiment, the gain of the weak field to strong field can be as high as 60. Furthermore, we can realize the distribution of optical signals, if we coordinate multiple cavity-atom coupling systems.

  2. A high quality, efficiently coupled microwave cavity for trapping cold molecules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dunseith, D. P.; Truppe, S.; Hendricks, R. J.; Sauer, B. E.; Hinds, E. A.; Tarbutt, M. R.

    2015-02-01

    We characterize a Fabry-Pérot microwave cavity designed for trapping atoms and molecules at the antinode of a microwave field. The cavity is fed from a waveguide through a small coupling hole. Focussing on the compact resonant modes of the cavity, we measure how the electric field profile, the cavity quality factor, and the coupling efficiency, depend on the radius of the coupling hole. We measure how the quality factor depends on the temperature of the mirrors in the range from 77 to 293 K. The presence of the coupling hole slightly changes the profile of the mode, leading to increased diffraction losses around the edges of the mirrors and a small reduction in quality factor. We find the hole size that maximizes the intra-cavity electric field. We develop an analytical theory of the aperture-coupled cavity that agrees well with our measurements, with small deviations due to enhanced diffraction losses. We find excellent agreement between our measurements and finite-difference time-domain simulations of the cavity.

  3. Three Dimensional Laser Cooling of Stored and Circulating Ion Beams by Means of a Coupling Cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Okamoto, H.; Sessler, Andrew M.; Mohl, D.

    1994-02-01

    It is shown, theoretically, that a coupling cavity; namely an rf cavity operating in the TM{sup 210} mode, when inserted in a storage ring will enhance the coupling between longitudinal and transverse degrees of freedom. As a result, it is shown that the demonstrated very effective laser cooling of the longitudinal motion, can now be extended to transverse motion; i.e., employed to cool a beam in all three directions.

  4. Soliton-dark pulse pair formation in birefringent cavity fiber lasers through cross phase coupling.

    PubMed

    Shao, Guodong; Song, Yufeng; Zhao, Luming; Shen, Deyuan; Tang, Dingyuan

    2015-10-01

    We report on the experimental observation of soliton-dark pulse pair formation in a birefringent cavity fiber laser. Temporal cavity solitons are formed in one polarization mode of the cavity. It is observed that associated with each of the cavity solitons a dark pulse is induced on the CW background of the orthogonal polarization mode. We show that the dark pulse formation is a result of the incoherent cross polarization coupling between the soliton and the CW beam and has a mechanism similar to that of the polarization domain formation observed in the fiber lasers. PMID:26480138

  5. Electro-optical channel drop switching in a photonic crystal waveguide-cavity side-coupling system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Kao-Der; Liu, Cheng-Yang

    2014-04-01

    The electro-optical channel drop switching in a photonic crystal waveguide-cavity side-coupling system is reported. The line waveguide is formed by removing a single row of dielectric cylinders. The twin optical microcavities side coupled between linear waveguides is studied by solving Maxwell's equations. We determine the general characteristics of the coupling element required to achieve channel drop tunneling. By modulating the conductance of the twin microcavities, the electrical tunability of the resonant modes is observed in the transmission spectrum. The spectral characteristics suggest a potential application for this switching device as an efficient multichannel optical switch in the photonic integrated circuits.

  6. Fiber-coupled, Littrow-grating cavity displacement sensor.

    PubMed

    Allen, Graham; Sun, Ke-Xun; Byer, Robert

    2010-04-15

    We have demonstrated a compact, optical-fiber-fed, optical displacement sensor utilizing a Littrow-mounted diffraction grating to form a low-finesse Fabry-Perot cavity. Length changes of the cavity are read out via the Pound-Drever-Hall rf modulation technique at 925 MHz. The sensor has a nominal working distance of 2 cm and a total dynamic range of 160 nm. The displacement noise floor was less than 3x10(-10) m/sqrt[Hz] above 10(-2) Hz, limited by the frequency drift of the reference laser. A frequency-stabilized laser would reduce the noise floor to below 10(-12) m/sqrt[Hz]. The use of a 925 MHz modulation frequency demonstrates high-precision readout of a low-finesse compact resonant cavity. PMID:20410986

  7. Non-linear mixing in coupled photonic crystal nanobeam cavities due to cross-coupling opto-mechanical mechanisms

    SciTech Connect

    Ramos, Daniel Frank, Ian W.; Deotare, Parag B.; Bulu, Irfan; Lončar, Marko

    2014-11-03

    We investigate the coupling between mechanical and optical modes supported by coupled, freestanding, photonic crystal nanobeam cavities. We show that localized cavity modes for a given gap between the nanobeams provide weak optomechanical coupling with out-of-plane mechanical modes. However, we show that the coupling can be significantly increased, more than an order of magnitude for the symmetric mechanical mode, due to optical resonances that arise from the interaction of the localized cavity modes with standing waves formed by the reflection from thesubstrate. Finally, amplification of motion for the symmetric mode has been observed and attributed to the strong optomechanical interaction of our hybrid system. The amplitude of these self-sustained oscillations is large enough to put the system into a non-linear oscillation regime where a mixing between the mechanical modes is experimentally observed and theoretically explained.

  8. Stimulated photon emission and two-photon Raman scattering in a coupled-cavity QED system

    PubMed Central

    Li, C.; Song, Z.

    2016-01-01

    We study the scattering problem of photon and polariton in a one-dimensional coupled-cavity system. Analytical approximate analysis and numerical simulation show that a photon can stimulate the photon emission from a polariton through polariton-photon collisions. This observation opens the possibility of photon-stimulated transition from insulating to radiative phase in a coupled-cavity QED system. Inversely, we also find that a polariton can be generated by a two-photon Raman scattering process. This paves the way towards single photon storage by the aid of atom-cavity interaction. PMID:26877252

  9. Adiabatic geometric phase for a Bose-Einstein condensate coupled to a cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Li Shengchang; Fu Libin; Liu Jie

    2011-11-15

    We investigate the geometric phase in a model of a Bose-Einstein condensate coupled to an optical cavity in which both the condensate and the cavity are described with coherent states. When the argument of the atom-cavity coupling term varies in time slowly from zero to 2{pi}, we calculate the geometric phase accumulated by the ground state and obtain its analytic expression in explicit form. We find that the adiabatic geometric phase jumps from zero to nontrivial {pi} at a critical value that corresponds to the normal-superradiant phase-transition point. The magneticlike flux interpretation of the geometric phase is also discussed.

  10. Cavity QED Based on Collective Magnetic Dipole Coupling: Spin Ensembles as Hybrid Two-Level Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Imamoǧlu, Atac

    2009-02-01

    We analyze the magnetic dipole coupling of an ensemble of spins to a superconducting microwave stripline structure, incorporating a Josephson junction based transmon qubit. We show that this system is described by an embedded Jaynes-Cummings model: in the strong coupling regime, collective spin-wave excitations of the ensemble of spins pick up the nonlinearity of the cavity mode, such that the two lowest eigenstates of the coupled spin wave-microwave cavity-Josephson junction system define a hybrid two-level system. The proposal described here enables new avenues for nonlinear optics using optical photons coupled to spin ensembles via Raman transitions. The possibility of strong coupling cavity QED with magnetic dipole transitions also opens up the possibility of extending quantum information processing protocols to spins in silicon or graphene, without the need for single-spin confinement.

  11. Cancellation of lateral displacement noise of three-port gratings for coupling light to cavities.

    PubMed

    Meinders, Melanie; Kroker, Stefanie; Singh, Amrit Pal; Kley, E-Bernhard; Tünnermann, Andreas; Danzmann, Karsten; Schnabel, Roman

    2015-05-01

    Reflection gratings enable light coupling to optical cavities without transmission through substrates. Gratings that have three ports and are mounted in a second-order Littrow configuration even allow the coupling to high-finesse cavities using low diffraction efficiencies. In contrast to conventional transmissive cavity couplers, however, the phase of the diffracted light depends on the lateral position of the grating, which introduces an additional noise coupling. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that this kind of noise cancels out once both diffracted output ports of the grating are combined. We achieve the same signal-to-shot-noise ratio as for a conventional coupler. From this perspective, three-port grating couplers in a second-order Littrow configuration remain a valuable approach to reducing optical absorption of cavity coupler substrates in future gravitational-wave detectors. PMID:25927782

  12. Enhanced electron-phonon coupling for a semiconductor charge qubit in a surface phonon cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, J. C. H.; Sato, Y.; Kosaka, R.; Hashisaka, M.; Muraki, K.; Fujisawa, T.

    2015-10-01

    Electron-phonon coupling is a major decoherence mechanism, which often causes scattering and energy dissipation in semiconductor electronic systems. However, this electron-phonon coupling may be used in a positive way for reaching the strong or ultra-strong coupling regime in an acoustic version of the cavity quantum electrodynamic system. Here we propose and demonstrate a phonon cavity for surface acoustic waves, which is made of periodic metal fingers that constitute Bragg reflectors on a GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure. Phonon band gap and cavity phonon modes are identified by frequency, time and spatially resolved measurements of the piezoelectric potential. Tunneling spectroscopy on a double quantum dot indicates the enhancement of phonon assisted transitions in a charge qubit. This encourages studying of acoustic cavity quantum electrodynamics with surface phonons.

  13. Enhanced electron-phonon coupling for a semiconductor charge qubit in a surface phonon cavity.

    PubMed

    Chen, J C H; Sato, Y; Kosaka, R; Hashisaka, M; Muraki, K; Fujisawa, T

    2015-01-01

    Electron-phonon coupling is a major decoherence mechanism, which often causes scattering and energy dissipation in semiconductor electronic systems. However, this electron-phonon coupling may be used in a positive way for reaching the strong or ultra-strong coupling regime in an acoustic version of the cavity quantum electrodynamic system. Here we propose and demonstrate a phonon cavity for surface acoustic waves, which is made of periodic metal fingers that constitute Bragg reflectors on a GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure. Phonon band gap and cavity phonon modes are identified by frequency, time and spatially resolved measurements of the piezoelectric potential. Tunneling spectroscopy on a double quantum dot indicates the enhancement of phonon assisted transitions in a charge qubit. This encourages studying of acoustic cavity quantum electrodynamics with surface phonons. PMID:26469629

  14. Cryogenic Test of a Coaxial Coupling Scheme for Fundamental and Higher Order Modes in Superconducting Cavities

    SciTech Connect

    J.K. Sekutowicz, P. Kneisel

    2009-05-01

    A coaxial coupling device located in the beam pipe of the TESLA type superconducting cavities provides for better propagation of Higher Order Modes (HOMs) and their strong damping in appropriate HOM couplers. Additionally, it also provides efficient coupling for fundamental mode RF power into the superconducting cavity. The whole coupling device can be designed as a detachable system. If appropriately dimensioned, the magnetic field can be minimized to a negligible level at the flange position. This scheme, presented previously*, provides for several advantages: strong HOM damping, flangeable solution, exchangeability of the HOM damping device on a cavity, less complexity of the superconducting cavity, possible cost advantages. This contribution will describe the results of the first cryogenic test.

  15. Enhanced electron-phonon coupling for a semiconductor charge qubit in a surface phonon cavity

    PubMed Central

    Chen, J. C. H.; Sato, Y.; Kosaka, R.; Hashisaka, M.; Muraki, K.; Fujisawa, T.

    2015-01-01

    Electron-phonon coupling is a major decoherence mechanism, which often causes scattering and energy dissipation in semiconductor electronic systems. However, this electron-phonon coupling may be used in a positive way for reaching the strong or ultra-strong coupling regime in an acoustic version of the cavity quantum electrodynamic system. Here we propose and demonstrate a phonon cavity for surface acoustic waves, which is made of periodic metal fingers that constitute Bragg reflectors on a GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure. Phonon band gap and cavity phonon modes are identified by frequency, time and spatially resolved measurements of the piezoelectric potential. Tunneling spectroscopy on a double quantum dot indicates the enhancement of phonon assisted transitions in a charge qubit. This encourages studying of acoustic cavity quantum electrodynamics with surface phonons. PMID:26469629

  16. ELECTROMAGNETISM, OPTICS, ACOUSTICS, HEAT TRANSFER, CLASSICAL MECHANICS, AND FLUID DYNAMICS: Quantum Information Processing in An Array of Fiber Coupled Cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jian; Zou, Jian; Shao, Bin

    2010-04-01

    We consider a fiber coupled cavity array. Each cavity is doped with a single two-level atom. By treating the atom-cavity systems as combined polaritonic qubits, we can transform it into a polaritonic qubit-qubit array in the dispersive regime. We show that the four fiber coupled cavity open chain and ring can both generate the four qubit W state and cluster state, and can both transfer one and two qubit arbitrary states. We also discuss the dynamical behaviors of the four fiber coupled cavity array with unequal couplings.

  17. Development of a coupling code for PWR reactor cavity radiation streaming calculation

    SciTech Connect

    Zheng, Z.; Wu, H.; Cao, L.; Zheng, Y.; Zhang, H.; Wang, M.

    2012-07-01

    PWR reactor cavity radiation streaming is important for the safe of the personnel and equipment, thus calculation has to be performed to evaluate the neutron flux distribution around the reactor. For this calculation, the deterministic codes have difficulties in fine geometrical modeling and need huge computer resource; and the Monte Carlo codes require very long sampling time to obtain results with acceptable precision. Therefore, a coupling method has been developed to eliminate the two problems mentioned above in each code. In this study, we develop a coupling code named DORT2MCNP to link the Sn code DORT and Monte Carlo code MCNP. DORT2MCNP is used to produce a combined surface source containing top, bottom and side surface simultaneously. Because SDEF card is unsuitable for the combined surface source, we modify the SOURCE subroutine of MCNP and compile MCNP for this application. Numerical results demonstrate the correctness of the coupling code DORT2MCNP and show reasonable agreement between the coupling method and the other two codes (DORT and MCNP). (authors)

  18. High-Q side-coupled semi-2D-photonic crystal cavity.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jianhao; Liu, Weixi; Shi, Yaocheng; He, Sailing

    2016-01-01

    High-Q semi-2D-photonic crystal cavities with a tapered edge and side-coupled bus waveguide are demonstrated. With a quadratic design, the unloaded cavity presents a theoretical ultrahigh quality factor up to 6.7 × 10(7) for the condition that there are mere 34 holes in the propagated direction, which is pretty close to the 2D and 1D counterpart. Combined with a side-coupled bus waveguide, an all-pass-type cavity with a loaded quality factor (Q) of over 2.4 × 10(4) and an extinction ratio over 10 dB are experimentally demonstrated. An experimental loaded Q up to 1.1 × 10(5) are also achieved by tuning the coupling between the cavity and the bus waveguide, which is much larger than any reported surface-mode cavity. This cavity is quite suitable for sensors, filters and especially optomechanical devices thanks to the mechanical stability of the cavity and flexibility of the bus waveguide. PMID:27194203

  19. High-Q side-coupled semi-2D-photonic crystal cavity

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Jianhao; Liu, Weixi; Shi, Yaocheng; He, Sailing

    2016-01-01

    High-Q semi-2D-photonic crystal cavities with a tapered edge and side-coupled bus waveguide are demonstrated. With a quadratic design, the unloaded cavity presents a theoretical ultrahigh quality factor up to 6.7 × 107 for the condition that there are mere 34 holes in the propagated direction, which is pretty close to the 2D and 1D counterpart. Combined with a side-coupled bus waveguide, an all-pass-type cavity with a loaded quality factor (Q) of over 2.4 × 104 and an extinction ratio over 10 dB are experimentally demonstrated. An experimental loaded Q up to 1.1 × 105 are also achieved by tuning the coupling between the cavity and the bus waveguide, which is much larger than any reported surface-mode cavity. This cavity is quite suitable for sensors, filters and especially optomechanical devices thanks to the mechanical stability of the cavity and flexibility of the bus waveguide. PMID:27194203

  20. Photon-photon interaction in strong-coupling cavity-atom system

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Jian; Kwiat, Paul G.

    2014-12-04

    We study photon-photon interactions mediated by a cavity-atom system in the strongcoupling regime of cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED). Different temporal shapes of the incident photons have been explored via numerical calculations. Especially, time-reversed photons can be in the cavity simultaneously and potentially acquire strong interaction with each other, advancing quantum information applications, e.g., quantum non-demolition (QND) measurement.

  1. Fabrication of two-color surface emitting device of a coupled vertical cavity structure with InAs quantum dots formed by wafer bonding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ota, Hiroto; Lu, Xiangmeng; Kumagai, Naoto; Kitada, Takahiro; Isu, Toshiro

    2016-04-01

    We fabricated a two-color surface emitting device of a coupled cavity structure, which is applicable to terahertz light source. GaAs/AlGaAs vertical multilayer cavity structures were grown on (001) and (113)B GaAs substrates and the coupled multilayer cavity structure was fabricated by wafer bonding them. The top cavity contains self-assembled InAs quantum dots (QDs) as optical gain materials for two-color emission of cavity-mode lights. The bonding position was optimized for the equivalent intensity of two-color emission. We formed a current injection structure, and two-color emission was observed by current injection, although no lasing was observed.

  2. Rigorous design of an ultra-high Q/V photonic/plasmonic cavity to be used in biosensing applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conteduca, D.; Dell'Olio, F.; Innone, F.; Ciminelli, C.; Armenise, M. N.

    2016-03-01

    A hybrid device based on a 1D PhC dielectric cavity vertically coupled to a plasmonic slot is proposed for use in biosensing applications. Under efficient coupling conditions between the Bloch mode in the 1D PhC dielectric cavity and the surface plasmon polaritons mode in the metal slot, an ultra-high Q/V ratio (~107(λ/n)-3) has been achieved with a remarkable resonance transmission T (=47%), due to high spectral and spatial confinement in the cavity. The rigorous design process of the cavity, including the influence of geometrical and physical parameters on its performance, has been carried out using the 3D Finite Element Method. A strong light-matter interaction was observed, making the photonic-plasmonic cavity suitable for biosensing and, in particular, for optical trapping of living matter at nanoscale, such as proteins and DNA sections, as required in several biomedical applications.

  3. Strong Coupling of the Cyclotron Motion of Surface Electrons on Liquid Helium to a Microwave Cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdurakhimov, L. V.; Yamashiro, R.; Badrutdinov, A. O.; Konstantinov, D.

    2016-07-01

    The strong coupling regime is observed in a system of two-dimensional electrons whose cyclotron motion is coupled to an electromagnetic mode in a Fabry-Perot cavity resonator. Rabi splitting of eigenfrequencies of the coupled motion is observed both in the cavity reflection spectrum and ac current of the electrons, the latter probed by measuring their bolometric photoresponse. Despite the fact that similar observations of Rabi splitting in many-particle systems have been described as a quantum-mechanical effect, we show that the observed splitting can be explained completely by a model based on classical electrodynamics.

  4. Strong Coupling of the Cyclotron Motion of Surface Electrons on Liquid Helium to a Microwave Cavity.

    PubMed

    Abdurakhimov, L V; Yamashiro, R; Badrutdinov, A O; Konstantinov, D

    2016-07-29

    The strong coupling regime is observed in a system of two-dimensional electrons whose cyclotron motion is coupled to an electromagnetic mode in a Fabry-Perot cavity resonator. Rabi splitting of eigenfrequencies of the coupled motion is observed both in the cavity reflection spectrum and ac current of the electrons, the latter probed by measuring their bolometric photoresponse. Despite the fact that similar observations of Rabi splitting in many-particle systems have been described as a quantum-mechanical effect, we show that the observed splitting can be explained completely by a model based on classical electrodynamics. PMID:27517786

  5. Polariton Resonances for Ultrastrong Coupling Cavity Optomechanics in GaAs/AlAs Multiple Quantum Wells.

    PubMed

    Jusserand, B; Poddubny, A N; Poshakinskiy, A V; Fainstein, A; Lemaitre, A

    2015-12-31

    Polariton-mediated light-sound interaction is investigated through resonant Brillouin scattering experiments in GaAs/AlAs multiple-quantum wells. Photoelastic coupling enhancement at exciton-polariton resonance reaches 10(5) at 30 K as compared to a typical bulk solid room temperature transparency value. When applied to GaAs based cavity optomechanical nanodevices, this result opens the path to huge displacement sensitivities and to ultrastrong coupling regimes in cavity optomechanics with couplings g(0) in the range of 100 GHz. PMID:26765028

  6. Transfer behavior of quantum states between atoms in photonic crystal coupled cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Ke; Li, Zhi-Yuan

    2010-03-01

    In this article, we discuss the one-excitation dynamics of a quantum system consisting of two two-level atoms each interacting with one of two coupled single-mode cavities via spontaneous emission. When the atoms and cavities are tuned into resonance, a wide variety of time-evolution behaviors can be realized by modulating the atom-cavity coupling strength g and the cavity-cavity hopping strength λ. The dynamics is solved rigorously via the eigenproblem of an ordinary coupled linear system and simple analytical solutions are derived at several extreme situations of g and λ. In the large hopping limit where g≪λ, the behavior of the system is the linear superposition of a fast and slow periodic oscillation. The quantum state transfers from one atom to the other atom accompanied with weak excitation of the cavity mode. In the large coupling limit where g≫λ, the time-evolution behavior of the system is characterized by the usual slowly varying carrier envelope superimposed upon a fast and violent oscillation. At a certain instant, the energy is fully transferred from the one quantum subsystem to the other. When the two interaction strengths are comparable in magnitude, the dynamics acts as a continuous pulse having irregular frequency and line shape of peaks and valleys, and the complicated time-evolution behaviors are ascribed to the violent competition between all the one-excitation quantum states. The coupled quantum system of atoms and cavities makes a good model to study cavity quantum electrodynamics with great freedoms of many-body interaction.

  7. Superstrong coupling of a microwave cavity to yttrium iron garnet magnons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kostylev, Nikita; Goryachev, Maxim; Tobar, Michael E.

    2016-02-01

    Multiple-post reentrant 3D lumped cavity modes have been realized to design the concept of a discrete Whispering Gallery and Fabry-Pérot-like Modes for multimode microwave Quantum Electrodynamics experiments. Using the magnon spin-wave resonance of a submillimeter-sized Yttrium-Iron-Garnet sphere at millikelvin temperatures and a four-post cavity, we demonstrate the ultra-strong coupling regime between discrete Whispering Gallery Modes and a magnon resonance with a strength of 1.84 GHz. By increasing the number of posts to eight and arranging them in a D4 symmetry pattern, we expand the mode structure to that of a discrete Fabry-Pérot cavity and modify the Free Spectral Range (FSR). We reach the superstrong coupling regime, where spin-photon coupling strength is larger than FSR, with coupling strength in the 1.1 to 1.5 GHz range.

  8. Investigations of a transmon-coupled nanoresonator in a CPW cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hao, Yu; Roxinal, Francisco; Lahaye, Matt

    In this work, we describe our progress developing a qubit-coupled naonomechanical resonator(nmr), which has potential both for fundamental studies in quantum measurement and quantum thermodynamics and applications in quantum information. The hybrid system is composed of a superconducting charge-type transmon qubit and a ultra-high-frequency flexural nmr; both are embedded in, and measured through, a superconducting coplanar-wave-guide(CPW) resonator. Transmission measurements of the CPW cavity allow us to probe the state of transmon as it interacts resonantly with the NMR. In the talk, we'll present the latest measurements of this device at low NMR thermal occupation factors and discuss future prospects for developing this system for more advanced quantum measurements.

  9. A Novel Half Mode Elliptic SIW (HMESIW) Filter with Bypass Coupling Substrate Integrated Circular Cavity (BCSICC)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Boren; Zhao, Zhiqin; Lv, Youxin

    A novel half mode elliptic substrate integrated waveguide (HMESIW) filter with bypass coupling substrate integrated circular cavity (BCSICC) is proposed and fabricated by using standard PCB technology. Due to the use of an elliptical waveguide cavity, the tolerance sensitivity of the filter is reduced. The filter optimizing procedure is therefore simplified. The measured results demonstrate its superior performance in tolerance sensitivity and show good agreements with the simulation results.

  10. Strong Optomechanical Coupling in Nanobeam Cavities based on Hetero Optomechanical Crystals

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Zhilei; Cui, Kaiyu; Li, Yongzhuo; Feng, Xue; Liu, Fang; Zhang, Wei; Huang, Yidong

    2015-01-01

    Nanobeam cavities based on hetero optomechanical crystals are proposed. With optical and mechanical modes separately confined by two types of periodic structures, the mechanical frequency is designed as high as 5.88 GHz. Due to the optical field and the strain field concentrated in the optomechanical cavity and resembling each other with an enhanced overlap, a high optomechanical coupling rate of 1.31 MHz is predicted. PMID:26530128

  11. An 8-meter-long coupled cavity RFQ linac

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Young, L. M.

    1994-08-01

    A model has been constructed of an 8-m-long high energy (7 MeV) Radio-Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) to prove the concept of a resonantly coupled RFQ. The model consists of four 2-in-long RFQ segments resonantly coupled together. A small gap (3 mm) between the vane tips, at the segment joints, provides capacitive coupling. This model is of a RFQ designed for a proposed Los Alamos Accelerator Performance Demonstration Facility (APDF). The RFQ, as designed, will operate cw at 350 kHz and accelerate a 100-mA beam of protons to 7 MeV.

  12. In-plane rotation of the doubly coupled photonic crystal nanobeam cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Tong; Tian, Feng; Zhang, Wei; Zou, Yongchao; Chau, Fook Siong; Deng, Jie; Zhou, Guangya

    2016-05-01

    In this letter, a nano-electro-mechanical-systems (NEMS) mechanism is proposed to drive the in-plane rotation of the doubly coupled photonic crystal (PhC) nanobeam cavities. The corresponding interactions between optical resonances and rotations are investigated. This is the first in-plane rotational tuning of the PhC cavities, which benefits from the flexible design of NEMS actuators. In experiments, more than 18 linewidths of the third order TE even mode corresponding to 0.037 mrad of the shrinking angle between the two nanobeam cavities are demonstrated; this study provides one more mechanical degree of freedom for the practical optomechanical interactions.

  13. Calculations of HOMs and coupled bunch instabilities due to the RHIC rf cavities

    SciTech Connect

    Rose, J.

    1994-09-01

    The cavities for the two RHIC rf systems have been defined, a 26.7 MHz cavity developed by the RHIC rf group and the well documented CERN SPS 200 MHz cavity tuned to 196.1 MHz for operation in RHIC. Calculations of the shunt impedances and Q`s of the higher order modes (HOMs) are summarized along with beadpull measurements of R/Q of selected modes. Estimates of coupled bunch instability growth rates are calculated with both analytical techniques and using the code ZAP and used to make projections of mode damping requirements.

  14. Hot electrons and fast ions produced by coupling of laser with cavity targets

    SciTech Connect

    Jun, Z.; Peijun, G.; Qi Lanying; Li Shawei; Mei Qiyong; Yang Yiangdong; Zao Xuewei; Liu Shenye; Ding Yaonan; Tang Daoyuan

    1994-10-05

    A series of experiments of laser coupling with cavity targets have been carried out on Shenguang 12{sup {number_sign}} laser equipment last two years. The measured results of the hard X-rays have been analyzed in detail by means of the simplified theroretical models in the paper. According to the results of the hard X-rays measured outside the cavity, the spectrum and energy of the hard X-rays corrected inside the cavity have been given and based on it the temperature, energy, number, and distribution of the superthermal electrons (hot electrons) have been inferred. {copyright} 1994 {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}

  15. Higher Order Modes HOM___s in Coupled Cavities of the Flash Module ACC39

    SciTech Connect

    Shinton, I.R.R.; Jones, R.M.; Li, Z.; Zhang, P.; /Manchester U. /Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech. /DESY

    2012-09-14

    We analyse the higher order modes (HOM's) in the 3.9GHz bunch shaping cavities installed in the FLASH facility at DESY. A suite of finite element computer codes (including HFSS and ACE3P) and globalised scattering matrix calculations (GSM) are used to investigate the modes in these cavities. This study is primarily focused on the dipole component of the multiband expansion of the wakefield, with the emphasis being on the development of a HOM-based BPM system for ACC39. Coupled inter-cavity modes are simulated together with a limited band of trapped modes.

  16. Frequency response enhancement in integrated coupled-cavity DBR lasers.

    SciTech Connect

    Wendt, Joel Robert; Vawter, Gregory Allen; Tauke-Pedretti, Anna; Alford, Charles Fred; Skogen, Erik J.; Chow, Weng Wah; Cajas, Florante G.; Overberg, Mark E.; Torres, David L.; Yang, Zhenshan; Peake, Gregory Merwin

    2010-11-01

    We present a photonic integrated circuit (PIC) composed of two strongly coupled lasers. This PIC utilizes the dynamics of mutual injection locking to increase the relaxation resonance frequency from 3 GHz to beyond 30 GHz.

  17. Controllable single-photon transport between remote coupled-cavity arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Wei; Nori, Franco

    2016-03-01

    We develop an approach for controllable single-photon transport between two remote one-dimensional coupled-cavity arrays, used as quantum registers, mediated by an additional one-dimensional coupled-cavity array, acting as a quantum channel. A single two-level atom located inside one cavity of the intermediate channel is used to control the long-range coherent quantum coupling between two remote registers, thereby functioning as a quantum switch. With a time-independent perturbative treatment, we find that the leakage of quantum information can in principle be made arbitrarily small. Furthermore, our method can be extended to realize a quantum router in multiregister quantum networks, where single-photons can be either stored in one of the registers or transported to another on demand. These results are confirmed by numerical simulations.

  18. An improved coupling design for high-frequency TE011 electron paramagnetic resonance cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Savitsky, A.; Grishin, Yu.; Rakhmatullin, R.; Reijerse, E.; Lubitz, W.

    2013-01-01

    In high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy the sample is usually accommodated in a single-mode cylindrical TE011 microwave cavity. This cavity stands out in terms of flexibility for various types of EPR experiments due to convenient control of its resonance frequency and easy waveguide-to-cavity microwave coupling. In continuous wave and in pulsed EPR it is, however, essential to be able to vary the coupling efficiency over a large range. We present a new mechanical design to vary the microwave coupling to the cavity using a movable metal sphere. This coupling sphere is shifted in the plane of the iris wall inside the coupling waveguide. The design allows for a compact and robust construction of the EPR probehead that can be easily accommodated inside a limited space of helium flow cryostat. The construction details and characterization of the coupling element for 95 GHz (W-band) EPR as well as for 34 GHz (Q-band) are presented.

  19. Near-field coupling and resonant cavity modes in plasmonic nanorod metamaterials.

    PubMed

    Song, Haojie; Zhang, Junxi; Fei, Guangtao; Wang, Junfeng; Jiang, Kang; Wang, Pei; Lu, Yonghua; Iorsh, Ivan; Xu, Wei; Jia, Junhui; Zhang, Lide; Kivshar, Yuri S; Zhang, Lin

    2016-10-14

    Plasmonic resonant cavities are capable of confining light at the nanoscale, resulting in both enhanced local electromagnetic fields and lower mode volumes. However, conventional plasmonic resonant cavities possess large Ohmic losses at metal-dielectric interfaces. Plasmonic near-field coupling plays a key role in a design of photonic components based on the resonant cavities because of the possibility to reduce losses. Here, we study the plasmonic near-field coupling in the silver nanorod metamaterials treated as resonant nanostructured optical cavities. Reflectance measurements reveal the existence of multiple resonance modes of the nanorod metamaterials, which is consistent with our theoretical analysis. Furthermore, our numerical simulations show that the electric field at the longitudinal resonances forms standing waves in the nanocavities due to the near-field coupling between the adjacent nanorods, and a new hybrid mode emerges due to a coupling between nanorods and a gold-film substrate. We demonstrate that this coupling can be controlled by changing the gap between the silver nanorod array and gold substrate. PMID:27607837

  20. Evanescent field sensing: cavity-coupled refractive index sensor (CRIS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lindvold, Lars R.; Lading, Lars

    1998-03-01

    A new concept for the detection of very small changes in the refractive index of a small sample of transparent material is given. The concept is based on measuring the frequency difference between two modes of a laser (possibly a twin- laser), where the evanescent field of one mode is affected by small refractive index changes. Intracavity sensing allows for orders of magnitude greater sensitivity than with external sensing. The frequency difference is obtained by light beating of the two modes. An imbedded diffractive element ensures proper modematching for the light beating. The relative frequency change is equal to the relative change in refractive index properly averaged over the waveguide. The performance of the intracavity system is compared with a system based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer. The intracavity system may achieve a resolution that is 104 - 106 higher than the sensitivity of a system based on an external interferometer. The effect of thermal instability is investigated and it is discussed how the required very low thermal off-set can be maintained. Injection locking can be a problem. The problem may be solved by either introducing a fixed frequency off- set or by proper design of the cavity structure. An implementation based on III-V materials with a waveguide configuration and Bragg-mirrors is possible with existing technologies. A concept based on a polymer configuration is proposed.

  1. Atomic and Photonic Entanglement Generation in n Coupled Atom-Cavity Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sufiani, R.; Darkhosh, A.

    2015-07-01

    Based on two-photon Jaynes-Cummings Hamiltonian for the n coupled optical cavities each of them containing a single three level atom, the n-qubit and n-photonic state transfer between the corresponding atoms and cavities is investigated. In fact, we consider that the cavities are located at the nodes (vertices) of the complete network (graph) K n at which all of the nodes are connected, so that the cavities are interact with each other (via two photon exchange) completely. Then, quantum state transfer, photon transition between cavities and entanglement generations between n atoms are discussed. More clearly, by employing the consistency of number of photons and atomic excitations (the symmetry of Hamiltonian), the hamiltonian of the system is reduced from 3 n dimensional space into 2 n dimensional one. Moreover, by introducing suitable basis for the atom-cavity state space based on Fourier transform, the reduced Hamiltonian is block-diagonalized, with 2 dimensional blocks. Then, the initial state of the system is evolved under the corresponding Hamiltonian and the suitable times T at which the initially unentangled atoms, become maximally entangled, are determined in terms of the hopping strength ξ between cavities.

  2. High-flux cold rubidium atomic beam for strongly-coupled cavity QED

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roy, Basudev; Scholten, Michael

    2012-08-01

    This paper presents a setup capable of producing a high-flux continuous beam of cold rubidium atoms for cavity quantum electrodynamics experiments in the region of strong coupling. A 2D+ magneto-optical trap (MOT), loaded with rubidium getters in a dry-film-coated vapor cell, fed a secondary moving-molasses MOT (MM-MOT) at a rate greater than 2 × 1010 atoms/s. The MMMOT provided a continuous beam with a tunable velocity. This beam was then directed through the waist of a cavity with a length of 280 µm, resulting in a vacuum Rabi splitting of more than ±10 MHz. The presence of a sufficient number of atoms in the cavity mode also enabled splitting in the polarization perpendicular to the input. The cavity was in the strong coupling region, with an atom-photon dipole coupling coefficient g of 7 MHz, a cavity mode decay rate κ of 3 MHz, and a spontaneous emission decay rate γ of 6 MHz.

  3. Tunable cavity coupling of the zero phonon line of a nitrogen-vacancy defect in diamond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, S.; Dolan, P. R.; Grange, T.; Trichet, A. A. P.; Hornecker, G.; Chen, Y. C.; Weng, L.; Hughes, G. M.; Watt, A. A. R.; Auffèves, A.; Smith, J. M.

    2015-12-01

    We demonstrate the tunable enhancement of the zero phonon line of a single nitrogen-vacancy colour centre in diamond at cryogenic temperature. An open cavity fabricated using focused ion beam milling provides mode volumes as small as 1.24 μm3 (4.7 {λ }3) and quality factor Q≃ 3000. In situ tuning of the cavity resonance is achieved with piezoelectric actuators. At optimal coupling to a TEM00 cavity mode, the signal from individual zero phonon line transitions is enhanced by a factor of 6.25 and the overall emission rate of the NV- centre is increased by 40% compared with that measured from the same centre in the absence of cavity field confinement. This result represents a step forward in the realisation of efficient spin-photon interfaces and scalable quantum computing using optically addressable solid state spin qubits.

  4. Coupling interaction between the power coupler and the third harmonic superconducting cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Jianjian; Solyak, Nikolay; Wong, Thomas; /IIT, Chicago

    2007-06-01

    Fermilab has developed a third harmonic superconducting cavity operating at the frequency of 3.9 GHz to improve the beam performance for the FLASH user facility at DESY. It is interesting to investigate the coupling interaction between the SRF cavity and the power coupler with or without beam loading. The coupling of the power coupler to the cavity needs to be determined to minimize the power consumption and guarantee the best performance for a given beam current. In this paper, we build and analyze an equivalent circuit model containing a series of lumped elements to represent the resonant system. An analytic solution of the required power from the generator as a function of the system parameters has also been given based on a vector diagram.

  5. State transfer and entanglement of two mechanical oscillators in coupled cavity optomechanical system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yousif, Taha; Zhou, Wenjun; Zhou, Ling

    2014-08-01

    We investigate coupled two-cavity optomechanical systems to show their potential usages by revealing the physical processes. Under two conditions, we deduce the correspondingly effective Hamiltonian with beam splitter type and nondegenerate parametric-down conversion type, respectively. Including the whole interactions, we show that the state transfer and the stationary entanglement between the two mechanical resonators can be achieved.

  6. Studies of coupled cavity LINAC (CCL) accelerating structures with 3-D codes

    SciTech Connect

    Spalek, G.

    2000-08-01

    The cw CCL being designed for the Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) project accelerates protons from 96 MeV to 211 MeV. It consists of 99 segments each containing up to seven accelerating cavities. Segments are coupled by intersegment coupling cavities and grouped into supermodules. The design method needs to address not only basic cavity sizing for a given coupling and pi/2 mode frequency, but also the effects of high power densities on the cavity frequency, mechanical stresses, and the structure's stop band during operation. On the APT project, 3-D RF (Ansoft Corp.'s HFSS) and coupled RF/structural (Ansys Inc.'s ANSYS) codes are being used. to develop tools to address the above issues and guide cooling channel design. The code's predictions are being checked against available low power Aluminum models. Stop band behavior under power will be checked once the tools are extended to CCDTL structures that have been tested at high power. A summary of calculations made to date and agreement with measured results will be presented.

  7. Quantum and classical chaos in kicked coupled Jaynes-Cummings cavities

    SciTech Connect

    Hayward, A. L. C.; Greentree, Andrew D.

    2010-06-15

    We consider two Jaynes-Cummings cavities coupled periodically with a photon hopping term. The semiclassical phase space is chaotic, with regions of stability over some ranges of the parameters. The quantum case exhibits dynamic localization and dynamic tunneling between classically forbidden regions. We explore the correspondence between the classical and quantum phase space and propose an implementation in a circuit QED system.

  8. Automated design of coupled RF cavities using 2-D and 3-D codes

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Peter; Christiansen, D. W.; Greninger, P. T.; Spalek, G.

    2001-01-01

    Coupled RF cavities in the Accelerator Production of Tritium Project have been designed using a procedure in which a 2-D code (CCT) searches for a design that meets frequency and coupling requirements, while a 3-D code (HFSS) is used to obtain empirical factors used by CCT to characterize the coupling slot between cavities. Using assumed values of the empirical factors, CCT runs the Superfish code iteratively to solve for a trial cavity design that has a specified frequency and coupling. The frequency shifts and the coupling constant k of the slot are modeled in CCT using a perturbation theory, the results of which are adjusted using the empirical factors. Given a trial design, HFSS is run using periodic boundary conditions to obtain a mode spectrum. The mode spectrum is processed using the DISPER code to obtain values of the coupling and the frequencies with slots. These results are used to calculate a new set of empirical factors, which are fed back into CCT for another design iteration. Cold models have been fabricated and tested to validate the codes, and results will be presented.

  9. Cavities

    MedlinePlus

    ... The tooth may hurt even without stimulation (spontaneous toothache). If irreversible damage to the pulp occurs and ... To detect cavities early, a dentist inquires about pain, examines the teeth, probes the teeth with dental instruments, and may take x-rays. People should ...

  10. Identification of spin wave modes in yttrium iron garnet strongly coupled to a co-axial cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Lambert, N. J.; Ferguson, A. J.; Haigh, J. A.

    2015-02-07

    We demonstrate, at room temperature, the strong coupling of the fundamental and non-uniform magnetostatic modes of an yttrium iron garnet ferrimagnetic sphere to the electromagnetic modes of a co-axial cavity. The well-defined field profile within the cavity yields a specific coupling strength for each magnetostatic mode. We experimentally measure the coupling strength for the different magnetostatic modes and, by calculating the expected coupling strengths, we are able to identify the modes themselves.

  11. Terahertz real-time imaging uncooled array based on antenna- and cavity-coupled bolometers.

    PubMed

    Simoens, François; Meilhan, Jérôme

    2014-03-28

    The development of terahertz (THz) applications is slowed down by the availability of affordable, easy-to-use and highly sensitive detectors. CEA-Leti took up this challenge by tailoring the mature infrared (IR) bolometer technology for optimized THz sensing. The key feature of these detectors relies on the separation between electromagnetic absorption and the thermometer. For each pixel, specific structures of antennas and a resonant quarter-wavelength cavity couple efficiently the THz radiation on a broadband range, while a central silicon microbridge bolometer resistance is read out by a complementary metal oxide semiconductor circuit. 320×240 pixel arrays have been designed and manufactured: a better than 30 pW power direct detection threshold per pixel has been demonstrated in the 2-4 THz range. Such performance is expected on the whole THz range by proper tailoring of the antennas while keeping the technological stack largely unchanged. This paper gives an overview of the developed bolometer-based technology. First, it describes the technology and reports the latest performance characterizations. Then imaging demonstrations are presented, such as real-time reflectance imaging of a large surface of hidden objects and THz time-domain spectroscopy beam two-dimensional profiling. Finally, perspectives of camera integration for scientific and industrial applications are discussed. PMID:24567477

  12. Microwave frequency electromagnetic coupling to a thin membrane as one end of a cylindrical cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castelli, Alessandro; Martinez, Luis; Speer, Jerry; Sharping, Jay; Chiao, Raymond

    2015-03-01

    We demonstrate coupling of an 11.1 GHz radio frequency (RF) TE011 cylindrical cavity mode to the mechanical motion of a silicon nitride (Si3N4) membrane. The membrane is driven into motion through radiation pressure forces arising from the transverse magnetic field present at the membrane boundary. We use a cylindrical aluminum cavity where one end consists of a 500-nm thick Si3N4 membrane that has been sputtered with 300 nm of niobium (Nb). Cavity frequency tuning is controlled via an aluminum plunger attached to a micrometer at the other end of the cavity. The membrane is driven into motion by modulating the amplitude of the RF signal at the membrane's resonant frequency in the KHz range. The membrane's displacement is measured by means of a Michelson interferometer. We compare results from experimental runs utilizing both square and circular membrane geometries. This experiment shows that the TE011 mode gives rise to radiation pressure on the ends of a cylindrical cavity and demonstrates the feasibility of future work using high Q superconducting RF cavities to realize a dynamical Casimir effect (DCE) due to the membrane's motion at GHz frequencies.

  13. Coupled consolidation of a porous medium with a cylindrical or a spherical cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Y.; Rajapakse, R. K. N. D.; Graham, J.

    1998-06-01

    This paper presents a theoretical approach to analyse coupled, linear thermoporoelastic fields in a saturated porous medium under radial and spherical symmetry. The governing equations account for compressibility and thermal expansion of constituents, heat sink due to thermal dilatation of water and thermal expansion of the medium, and thermodynamically coupled heat-water flow. It has been reported in the literature that thermodynamically coupled heat-water flows known as thermo-osmosis and thermal filtration have the potential to significantly alter the flow fields in clay-rich barriers in the near field of a underground waste containment scheme. This study presents a mathematical model and examines the effects of thermo-osmosis and thermal-filtration on coupled consolidation fields in a porous medium with a cavity. Analytical solutions of the governing equations are presented in the Laplace transform space. A numerical inversion scheme is used to obtain the time-domain solutions for a cylindrical cavity in a homogeneous or a non-homogeneous medium. A closed form time-domain solution is presented for a spherical cavity in a homogeneous medium. Selected numerical solutions for homogeneous and non-homogeneous media show a significant increase in pore pressure and displacements due to the presence of thermodynamically coupled flows and a negligible influence on temperature.

  14. Out-of-equilibrium quantum dot coupled to a microwave cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dmytruk, Olesia; Trif, Mircea; Mora, Christophe; Simon, Pascal

    2016-02-01

    We consider a superconducting microwave cavity capacitively coupled to both a quantum conductor and its electronic reservoirs. We analyze in detail how the measurements of the cavity microwave field, which are related to the electronic charge susceptibility, can be used to extract information on the transport properties of the quantum conductor. We show that the asymmetry of the capacitive couplings between the electronic reservoirs and the cavity plays a crucial role in relating optical measurements to transport properties. For asymmetric capacitive couplings, photonic measurements can be used to probe the finite low-frequency admittance of the quantum conductor, the real part of which is related to the differential conductance. In particular, when the quantum dot is far from resonance, the charge susceptibility is directly proportional to the admittance for a large range of frequencies and voltages. However, when the quantum conductor is near resonance, such a relation generally holds only at low frequency and for equal tunnel coupling or low voltage. Beyond this low-energy near-equilibrium regime, the charge susceptibility and thus the optical transmission offer new insights into the quantum conductors since the optical observables are not directly connected to transport quantities. For symmetric lead capacitive couplings, we show that the optical measurements can be used to reveal the Korringa-Shiba relation, connecting the reactive to the dissipative part of the susceptibility, at low frequency and low bias.

  15. Entanglement and quantum state transfer between two atoms trapped in two indirectly coupled cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Bin; Shen, Li-Tuo; Chen, Ming-Feng

    2016-05-01

    We propose a one-step scheme for implementing entanglement generation and the quantum state transfer between two atomic qubits trapped in two different cavities that are not directly coupled to each other. The process is realized through engineering an effective asymmetric X-Y interaction for the two atoms involved in the gate operation and an auxiliary atom trapped in an intermediate cavity, induced by virtually manipulating the atomic excited states and photons. We study the validity of the scheme as well as the influences of the dissipation by numerical simulation and demonstrate that it is robust against decoherence.

  16. Coupled-cavity terahertz quantum cascade lasers for single mode operation

    SciTech Connect

    Li, H. Manceau, J. M.; Andronico, A.; Jagtap, V.; Sirtori, C.; Barbieri, S.; Li, L. H.; Linfield, E. H.; Davies, A. G.

    2014-06-16

    We demonstrate the operation of coupled-cavity terahertz frequency quantum-cascade lasers composed of two sub-cavities separated by an air gap realized by optical lithography and dry etching. This geometry allows stable, single mode operation with typical side mode suppression ratios in the 30–40 dB range. We employ a transfer matrix method to model the mode selection mechanism. The obtained results are in good agreement with the measurements and allow prediction of the operating frequency.

  17. Dynamics of atom-field probability amplitudes in a coupled cavity system with Kerr non-linearity

    SciTech Connect

    Priyesh, K. V.; Thayyullathil, Ramesh Babu

    2014-01-28

    We have investigated the dynamics of two cavities coupled together via photon hopping, filled with Kerr non-linear medium and each containing a two level atom in it. The evolution of various atom (field) state probabilities of the coupled cavity system in two excitation sub space are obtained numerically. Detailed analysis has been done by taking different initial conditions of the system, with various coupling strengths and by varying the susceptibility of the medium. The role of susceptibility factor, on the dynamics atom field probability has been examined. In a coupled cavity system with strong photon hopping it is found that the susceptibility factor modifies the behaviour of probability amplitudes.

  18. Revised NASA axially symmetric ring model for coupled-cavity traveling-wave tubes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, Jeffrey D.

    1987-01-01

    A versatile large-signal, two-dimensional computer program is used by NASA to model coupled-cavity travelling-wave tubes (TWTs). In this model, the electron beam is divided into a series of disks, each of which is further divided into axially symmetric rings which can expand and contract. The trajectories of the electron rings and the radiofrequency (RF) fields are determined from the calculated axial and radial space-charge, RF, and magnetic forces as the rings pass through a sequence of cavities. By varying electrical and geometric properties of individual cavities, the model is capable of simulating severs, velocity tapers, and voltage jumps. The calculated electron ring trajectories can be used in designing magnetic focusing and multidepressed collectors. The details of using the program are presented, and results are compared with experimental data.

  19. Coupling erbium spins to a three-dimensional superconducting cavity at zero magnetic field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Yu-Hui; Fernandez-Gonzalvo, Xavier; Longdell, Jevon J.

    2016-08-01

    We experimentally demonstrate the coupling at zero magnetic field of an isotopically pure erbium-doped yttrium orthosilicate crystal (167Er:YSO ) to a three-dimensional superconducting cavity with a Q factor of 105. A tunable loop-gap resonator is used and its resonance frequency is tuned to observe the hyperfine transitions of the erbium sample. The observed spectrum differs from what is predicted by the published spin Hamiltonian parameters. The narrow cavity linewidth also enables the observation of asymmetric line shapes for these hyperfine transitions. Such a broadly tunable superconducting cavity (from 1.6 to 4.0 GHz in the current design) is a promising device for building hybrid quantum systems.

  20. Ultralow mode-volume photonic crystal nanobeam cavities for high-efficiency coupling to individual carbon nanotube emitters

    PubMed Central

    Miura, R.; Imamura, S.; Ohta, R.; Ishii, A.; Liu, X.; Shimada, T.; Iwamoto, S.; Arakawa, Y.; Kato, Y. K.

    2014-01-01

    The unique emission properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes are attractive for achieving increased functionality in integrated photonics. In addition to being room-temperature telecom-band emitters that can be directly grown on silicon, they are ideal for coupling to nanoscale photonic structures. Here we report on high-efficiency coupling of individual air-suspended carbon nanotubes to silicon photonic crystal nanobeam cavities. Photoluminescence images of dielectric- and air-mode cavities reflect their distinctly different mode profiles and show that fields in the air are important for coupling. We find that the air-mode cavities couple more efficiently, and estimated spontaneous emission coupling factors reach a value as high as 0.85. Our results demonstrate advantages of ultralow mode-volumes in air-mode cavities for coupling to low-dimensional nanoscale emitters. PMID:25420679

  1. Ultralow mode-volume photonic crystal nanobeam cavities for high-efficiency coupling to individual carbon nanotube emitters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miura, R.; Imamura, S.; Ohta, R.; Ishii, A.; Liu, X.; Shimada, T.; Iwamoto, S.; Arakawa, Y.; Kato, Y. K.

    2014-11-01

    The unique emission properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes are attractive for achieving increased functionality in integrated photonics. In addition to being room-temperature telecom-band emitters that can be directly grown on silicon, they are ideal for coupling to nanoscale photonic structures. Here we report on high-efficiency coupling of individual air-suspended carbon nanotubes to silicon photonic crystal nanobeam cavities. Photoluminescence images of dielectric- and air-mode cavities reflect their distinctly different mode profiles and show that fields in the air are important for coupling. We find that the air-mode cavities couple more efficiently, and estimated spontaneous emission coupling factors reach a value as high as 0.85. Our results demonstrate advantages of ultralow mode-volumes in air-mode cavities for coupling to low-dimensional nanoscale emitters.

  2. Coupling and single-photon purity of a quantum dot-cavity system studied using hydrostatic pressure

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, P. Y.; Wu, X. F.; Ding, K.; Dou, X. M.; Zha, G. W.; Ni, H. Q.; Niu, Z. C.; Zhu, H. J.; Jiang, D. S.; Zhao, C. L.; Sun, B. Q.

    2015-01-07

    We propose an approach to tune the emission of a single semiconductor quantum dot (QD) to couple with a planar cavity using hydrostatic pressure without inducing temperature variation during the process of measurement. Based on this approach, we studied the influence of cavity mode on the single-photon purity of an InAs/GaAs QD. Our measurement demonstrates that the single-photon purity degrades when the QD emission resonates with the cavity mode. This negative influence of the planar cavity is mainly caused by the cavity feeding effect.

  3. Linear entropies in the Jaynes Cummings model with intensity-dependent coupling in a phase-damped cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Qing-Chun; Zhu, Shi-Ning

    2005-06-01

    We investigate the evolution of a quantum system described by the Jaynes-Cummings model with an arbitrary form of intensity-dependent coupling by displaying the linear entropies of the atom, field and atom-field system in the large detuning approximation. The cavity field is assumed to be coupled to a reservoir with a phase-damping coupling. The effects of cavity phase damping on the entanglement and coherence loss of such a system are studied.

  4. Stand-Off Biodetection with Free-Space Coupled Asymmetric Microsphere Cavities

    PubMed Central

    Ballard, Zachary; Baaske, Martin D.; Vollmer, Frank

    2015-01-01

    Asymmetric microsphere resonant cavities (ARCs) allow for free-space coupling to high quality (Q) whispering gallery modes (WGMs) while exhibiting highly directional light emission, enabling WGM resonance measurements in the far-field. These remarkable characteristics make “stand-off” biodetection in which no coupling device is required in near-field contact with the resonator possible. Here we show asymmetric microsphere resonators fabricated from optical fibers which support dynamical tunneling to excite high-Q WGMs, and demonstrate free-space coupling to modes in an aqueous environment. We characterize the directional emission by fluorescence imaging, demonstrate coupled mode effects due to free space coupling by dynamical tunneling, and detect adsorption kinetics of a protein in aqueous solution. Based on our approach, new, more robust WGM biodetection schemes involving microfluidics and in-vivo measurements can be designed. PMID:25894938

  5. High finesse optical cavity coupled with a quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopic sensor.

    PubMed

    Patimisco, Pietro; Borri, Simone; Galli, Iacopo; Mazzotti, Davide; Giusfredi, Giovanni; Akikusa, Naota; Yamanishi, Masamichi; Scamarcio, Gaetano; De Natale, Paolo; Spagnolo, Vincenzo

    2015-02-01

    An ultra-sensitive and selective quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) combined with a high-finesse cavity sensor platform is proposed as a novel method for trace gas sensing. We call this technique Intra-cavity QEPAS (I-QEPAS). In the proposed scheme, a single-mode continuous wave quantum cascade laser (QCL) is coupled into a bow-tie optical cavity. The cavity is locked to the QCL emission frequency by means of a feedback-locking loop that acts directly on a piezoelectric actuator mounted behind one of the cavity mirrors. A power enhancement factor of ∼240 was achieved, corresponding to an intracavity power of ∼0.72 W. CO2 was selected as the target gas to validate our sensor. For the P(42) CO2 absorption line, located at 2311.105 cm(-1), a minimum detection limit of 300 parts per trillion by volume at a total gas pressure of 50 mbar was achieved with a 20 s integration time. This corresponds to a normalized noise equivalent absorption of 3.2 × 10(-10) W cm(-1) Hz(-1/2), comparable with the best results reported for the QEPAS technique on much faster relaxing gases. A comparison with standard QEPAS performed under the same experimental conditions confirms that the I-QEPAS sensitivity scales with the intracavity laser power enhancement factor. PMID:25465410

  6. Realizing mode conversion and optical diode effect by coupling photonic crystal waveguides with cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Han; Zhang, Jin-Qian-Nan; Yu, Zhong-Yuan; Wang, Dong-Lin; Chen, Zhi-Hui

    2015-09-01

    We propose a novel two-dimensional photonic crystal structure consisting of two line defect waveguides and a cavity to realize mode conversion based on the coupling effect. The W1/cavity/W2 structure breaks the spatial symmetry and successfully converts the even (odd) mode to the odd (even) mode in the W2 waveguide during the forward (backward) transmission. When considering the incidence of only the even mode, the optical diode effect emerges and achieves approximate 35 dB unidirectionality at the resonant frequency. Moreover, owing to the narrow bandpass feature and the flexibility of the tuning cavity, utilization of the proposed structure as a wavelength filter is demonstrated in a device with a Y-branch splitter. Here, we provide a heuristic design for a mode converter, optical diode, and wavelength filter derived from the coupling effect between a cavity and adjacent waveguides, and expect that the proposed structure can be applied as a building block in future all-optical integrated circuits. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61372037 and 61307069), Beijing Excellent Ph. D. Thesis Guidance Foundation, China (Grant No. 20131001301), and the Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2013021017-3).

  7. Resonant atom-field interaction in large-size coupled-cavity arrays

    SciTech Connect

    Ciccarello, Francesco

    2011-04-15

    We consider an array of coupled cavities with staggered intercavity couplings, where each cavity mode interacts with an atom. In contrast to large-size arrays with uniform hopping rates where the atomic dynamics is known to be frozen in the strong-hopping regime, we show that resonant atom-field dynamics with significant energy exchange can occur in the case of staggered hopping rates even in the thermodynamic limit. This effect arises from the joint emergence of an energy gap in the free photonic dispersion relation and a discrete frequency at the gap's center. The latter corresponds to a bound normal mode stemming solely from the finiteness of the array length. Depending on which cavity is excited, either the atomic dynamics is frozen or a Jaynes-Cummings-like energy exchange is triggered between the bound photonic mode and its atomic analog. As these phenomena are effective with any number of cavities, they are prone to be experimentally observed even in small-size arrays.

  8. Modeling the coupling of reaction kinetics and hydrodynamics in a collapsing cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Mishra, Sudib; Deymier, Pierre; Muralidharan, Krishna; Frantziskonis, G.; Pannala, Sreekanth; Simunovic, Srdjan

    2010-01-01

    We introduce a model of cavitation based on the multiphase Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) that allows for coupling between the hydrodynamics of a collapsing cavity and supported solute chemical species. We demonstrate that this model can also be coupled to deterministic or stochastic chemical reactions. In a two-species model of chemical reactions (with a major and a minor specie), the major difference observed between the deterministic and stochastic reactions takes the form of random fluctuations in concentration of the minor species. We demonstrate that advection associated with the hydrodynamics of a collapsing cavity leads to highly inhomogeneous concentration of solutes. In turn these inhomogeneities in concentration may lead to significant increase in concentration-dependent reaction rates and can result in a local enhancement in the production of minor species.

  9. Phase linearity of the 914H coupled-cavity traveling wave tube

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kavanagh, Frank E.

    1994-01-01

    Tests of phase deviation from linearity were made on two 914H coupled-cavity traveling wave tubes (TWT). One tube had a voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) of 2.4 and the other 1.4. The data showed that phase deviation is primarily a function of the amplitude and shape of the output VSWR. It was predicted that the low-VSWR tube would give a better system performance than the tube with a high VSWR. This prediction was confirmed by the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS) system tests performed at the NASA Lewis Research Center. A possible improvement in the construction and stability of coupled-cavity TWT's is discussed.

  10. a Numerical Study of a Coupled-Cavity Color Center Laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zook, Brian Jay

    The nonlinear effects in a coupled-cavity laser make it difficult to investigate the theory with only analytic methods, though numerical methods can be used. This dissertation discusses the development of computer models of the coupled -cavity laser; portions of FORTRAN code are included. The research goal is to find practical rules of coupled-cavity operation for the laser engineer. The model's foundation is the additive-pulse mode -locking (APM) theory. This theory states that the pulse -shortening mechanism is the coherent superposition of the electric fields of the two cavities at the output coupler of the main cavity. The nonlinearity of the external cavity (only self-phase modulation in the optical fiber is treated) causes a frequency chirp on its pulse. If the phases are correct, the interference of the pulses results in a shorter combined pulse. The first model investigates the nature of the combined pulse, which is reinjected into the main cavity. Although this model is incomplete (it ignores the gain medium), it provides insight into the operation of the laser. This model shows, and experimental results support, that there is an optimum amount of self-phase modulation and that anomalous dispersion in the fiber (which can support soliton propagation) results in longer pulses than normal dispersion. The multi-pass models include the gain medium in order to model the complete laser system. The first of these models uses an iterative method in which the pulses propagate through the simulated system, much as laser pulses propagate through the actual laser. This continues for as many iterations (round trips) as necessary to reach a steady state. The other multi-pass method imposes a steady-state condition to find a closed-form, self-consistent recursion relation which is used to numerically generate the steady-state pulse directly. This latter model generates pulses as short as 500 femtoseconds, which corresponds reasonably to laboratory results. Both simulated

  11. All-optical control of three-photon spectra and time asymmetry in a strongly coupled cavity polariton system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, X.; Li, R.; Wu, Haibin

    2016-03-01

    Manipulating the nature of photons emission is one of the basic tasks in quantum optics and photonics. The ever growing list of quantum applications requires a robust means of controlling the strongly coupled coherent interaction of photons and matter. Here, we investigate three-photon transmission spectra in a strongly coupled cavity polariton system and show that the correlation functions and transmitted photon stream can be optically manipulated. The dynamics of single photons and photon pairs at the polariton resonances can be changed by light from a single external coupling laser. At the “dark-state polariton,” three-photon transmission is a perfectly coherent field in contrast to the strong photon-bunching behavior of a typical cavity quantum electrodynamics system. When the detuned probe light is tuned to the “bright polariton,” the light exhibits a dramatic photon antibunching effect. Remarkably, the Fano-resonant asymmetric three-photon transmission caused by the interference between the dressed states leads to a new quantum feature that is strongly nonclassical (the third-order correlation function g(3)(0, 0) ≪ 1) and has a wide and tunable bandwidth. The dependence of the intrinsic third-order correlation and time symmetry of the photon stream on the controlled parameters is also examined. Strongly nonclassical, all-optically controllable multi-photon dynamics are very important for future quantum devices and metrology.

  12. All-optical control of three-photon spectra and time asymmetry in a strongly coupled cavity polariton system

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, X.; Li, R.; Wu, Haibin

    2016-01-01

    Manipulating the nature of photons emission is one of the basic tasks in quantum optics and photonics. The ever growing list of quantum applications requires a robust means of controlling the strongly coupled coherent interaction of photons and matter. Here, we investigate three-photon transmission spectra in a strongly coupled cavity polariton system and show that the correlation functions and transmitted photon stream can be optically manipulated. The dynamics of single photons and photon pairs at the polariton resonances can be changed by light from a single external coupling laser. At the “dark-state polariton,” three-photon transmission is a perfectly coherent field in contrast to the strong photon-bunching behavior of a typical cavity quantum electrodynamics system. When the detuned probe light is tuned to the “bright polariton,” the light exhibits a dramatic photon antibunching effect. Remarkably, the Fano-resonant asymmetric three-photon transmission caused by the interference between the dressed states leads to a new quantum feature that is strongly nonclassical (the third-order correlation function g(3)(0, 0) ≪ 1) and has a wide and tunable bandwidth. The dependence of the intrinsic third-order correlation and time symmetry of the photon stream on the controlled parameters is also examined. Strongly nonclassical, all-optically controllable multi-photon dynamics are very important for future quantum devices and metrology. PMID:26936334

  13. All-optical control of three-photon spectra and time asymmetry in a strongly coupled cavity polariton system.

    PubMed

    Zhang, X; Li, R; Wu, Haibin

    2016-01-01

    Manipulating the nature of photons emission is one of the basic tasks in quantum optics and photonics. The ever growing list of quantum applications requires a robust means of controlling the strongly coupled coherent interaction of photons and matter. Here, we investigate three-photon transmission spectra in a strongly coupled cavity polariton system and show that the correlation functions and transmitted photon stream can be optically manipulated. The dynamics of single photons and photon pairs at the polariton resonances can be changed by light from a single external coupling laser. At the "dark-state polariton," three-photon transmission is a perfectly coherent field in contrast to the strong photon-bunching behavior of a typical cavity quantum electrodynamics system. When the detuned probe light is tuned to the "bright polariton," the light exhibits a dramatic photon antibunching effect. Remarkably, the Fano-resonant asymmetric three-photon transmission caused by the interference between the dressed states leads to a new quantum feature that is strongly nonclassical (the third-order correlation function g((3))(0, 0) ≪ 1) and has a wide and tunable bandwidth. The dependence of the intrinsic third-order correlation and time symmetry of the photon stream on the controlled parameters is also examined. Strongly nonclassical, all-optically controllable multi-photon dynamics are very important for future quantum devices and metrology. PMID:26936334

  14. Strong dispersive coupling between a micromechanical oscillator and a high finesse optical cavity.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harris, Jack

    2008-03-01

    Very sensitive mechanical detectors spanning roughly seventeen orders of magnitude in size are rapidly approaching a regime in which either the mechanical device itself or its readout should demonstrate quantum behavior. One of the main technical barriers to actually reaching this regime has been the difficulty of integrating ultrasensitive micromechanical devices with high-finesse optical cavities. Recently we have developed a robust means for addressing this issue, and have integrated a 50 nm-thick membrane (with a quality factor > 1,000,000) into an optical cavity with a finesse ˜ 20,000. Although the membrane is nearly transparent, it couples to the optical cavity dispersively. This coupling is strong enough to laser-cool the membrane from room temperature to 7 mK. In addition, the dispersive nature of the optomechanical coupling allows us to realize a sensitive ``displacement squared'' readout of the membrane. Such a readout is a crucial requirement for measuring quantum jumps in a mechanical oscillator. We will describe these results, as well as our progress towards observing quantum effects in this system.

  15. Flat top liquid crystal tunable filter using coupled Fabry-Perot cavities.

    PubMed

    Alboon, Shadi A; Lindquist, Robert G

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, a coupled Fabry-Perot cavities filter, using the liquid crystal as the tunable medium, is investigate to achieve tunable flat top filtering performance across the C and L bands. A tandem coupled Fabry-Perot is presented for a tunable passband filter with flat top and minimum ripple in the passband. The overall tuning range of the filter is 172 nm. Several designs are shown with comparable performance to the commercial available 100 GHz fixed single channel filters. PMID:18521153

  16. Tuning methods for the 805 MHz side-coupled cavities in the Fermilab linac upgrade

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, H.W.; Jurgens, T.G.; Kerns, Q.A.; Padilla, R.; Qian, Z.

    1990-10-01

    The fabrication and tuning of Side-Coupled Accelerator Structures (SCS) are strongly interrelated. Consideration of mechanical tolerances and fabrication sequences can reduce tuning steps that require repeated machining. With available CNC machines and numerical calculation programs, it is possible to machine cavities to a calculated shape. Accelerating cells are tuned by control of the depth of coupling slots rather than trimming the nose of accelerating cells. Predicting the correct frequency off-sets to use at each manufacturing stage produces a brazed structure of proper couplig with a minimum amount of tuning. 2 refs., 1 fig.

  17. Photon trapping in a high-Q cavity by non-resonant atoms coupled with an external broadband vacuum field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Basharov, A. M.

    2012-05-01

    A new effect of the decay suppression of photon mode non-resonant to the cavity atoms coupled with an external broadband vacuum field has been described. At a certain number Nacr of cavity atoms, the emission of cavity photons due to the non-resonant interaction with cavity atoms has been stopped by the Stark interaction of cavity atoms with the external broadband vacuum field. In the case of high-Q cavity this provides the effect of radiation trapping. The cavity photon has obtained an additional energy shift. These results have been obtained on the basis of a theory of localized quantum open systems developed with the help of the quantum stochastic differential equation of the generalized Langevin (non-Wiener) type.

  18. Air-coupled MUMPs capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers with resonant cavities.

    PubMed

    Octavio Manzanares, Alberto; Montero de Espinosa, Francisco

    2012-04-01

    This work reports performance improvements of air-coupled capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) using resonant cavities. In order to perform this work, we have designed and manufactured a CMUT employing multi-user microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) processes (MUMPs). The transducer was designed using Helmholtz resonator principles. This was characterised by the dimensions of the cavity and several acoustic ports, which had the form of holes in the CMUT plate. The MUMPs process has the advantage of being low cost which allows the manufacture of economic prototypes. In this paper we show the effects of the resonant cavities and acoustic ports in CMUTs using laser Doppler vibrometry and acoustical measurements. We also use Finite Element (FE) simulations in order to support experimental measurements. The results show that it is possible to enhance the output pressure and bandwidth in air by tuning the resonance frequency of the plate (f(p)) with that of the Helmholtz resonator (f(H)). The experimental measurements show the plate resonance along with an additional resonance in the output pressure spectrum. This appears due to the effect of the new resonant cavities in the transducer. FE simulations show an increase of 11 dB in the output pressure with respect to that of a theoretical vacuum-sealed cavity MUMPs CMUT by properly tuning the transducer. The bandwidth has been also analyzed by calculating the mechanical Q factor of the tuned CMUT. This has been estimated as 4.5 compared with 7.75 for the vacuum-sealed cavity MUMPs CMUT. PMID:22099252

  19. Phonon-mediated squeezing of the cavity field off-resonantly coupled with a coherently driven quantum dot

    SciTech Connect

    Zhu, Jia-pei; Huang, Hui; Li, Gao-xiang

    2014-01-21

    We theoretically propose a scheme for the quadrature squeezing of the cavity field via dissipative processes. The effects of the electron-phonon interaction (EPI) on the squeezing are investigated, where the cavity is off-resonantly coupled with a coherently driven quantum dot (QD) which is allowed to interact with an acoustic-phonon reservoir. Under certain conditions, the participation of the phonon induced by both the EPI and the off-resonant coupling of the cavity with the QD enables some dissipative processes to occur resonantly in the dressed-state basis of the QD. The cavity-mode photons emitted or absorbed during the phonon-mediated dissipative processes are correlated, thus leading to the squeezing of the cavity field. A squeezed vacuum reservoir for the cavity field is built up due to the EPI plus the off-resonant coupling between the cavity and the QD. The numerical results obtained with an effective polaron master equation derived using second-order perturbation theory indicate that, in low temperature limit, the degree of squeezing is maximal but the increasing temperature of the phonon reservoir could hinder the squeezing and degrade the degree of the squeezing of the cavity field. In addition, the presence of the photonic crystal could enhance the quadrature squeezing of the cavity field.

  20. Computer program for analysis of coupled-cavity traveling wave tubes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Connolly, D. J.; Omalley, T. A.

    1977-01-01

    A flexible, accurate, large signal computer program was developed for the design of coupled cavity traveling wave tubes. The program is written in FORTRAN IV for an IBM 360/67 time sharing system. The beam is described by a disk model and the slow wave structure by a sequence of cavities, or cells. The computational approach is arranged so that each cavity may have geometrical or electrical parameters different from those of its neighbors. This allows the program user to simulate a tube of almost arbitrary complexity. Input and output couplers, severs, complicated velocity tapers, and other features peculiar to one or a few cavities may be modeled by a correct choice of input data. The beam-wave interaction is handled by an approach in which the radio frequency fields are expanded in solutions to the transverse magnetic wave equation. All significant space harmonics are retained. The program was used to perform a design study of the traveling-wave tube developed for the Communications Technology Satellite. Good agreement was obtained between the predictions of the program and the measured performance of the flight tube.

  1. Broadband cavity electromagnetically induced transparency

    SciTech Connect

    Wei Xiaogang; Wang Yanhua; Zhang Jiepeng; Zhu Yifu

    2011-10-15

    Cavity electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) is created in a three-level atomic system confined in a cavity and coupled to a free-space control laser and is manifested as a narrow transmission peak of a probe laser coupled into the cavity mode and tuned to the two-photon Raman resonance with the control laser. Cavity EIT can be observed with a control laser detuned from the atomic transition frequency in a range limited by the vacuum Rabi splitting of two cavity-atom normal modes. This leads to the broadband cavity EIT obtained in the coupled-cavity-atom system with a free-space, broadband control laser. We report an experimental observation of broadband cavity EIT in cold Rb atoms with a frequency-modulated control laser and discuss its application in multichannel and multifrequency light memory.

  2. Fano resonances in a plasmonic waveguide system composed of stub coupled with a square cavity resonator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Binfeng, Yun; Hu, Guohua; Zhang, Ruohu; Yiping, Cui

    2016-05-01

    A coupled plasmonic waveguide resonator system which can produce sharp and asymmetric Fano resonances was proposed and analyzed. Two Fano resonances are induced by the interactions between the narrow discrete whispering gallery modes in a plasmonic square cavity resonator and the broad spectrum of the metal-insulator-metal stub resonator. The relative peak amplitudes between the 1st and 2nd order Fano resonances can be adjusted by changing the structure parameters, such as the square cavity size, the stub size and the center-to-center distance between the square cavity and the stub resonators. And the 1st order Fano resonant peak, which is a standing-wave mode, will split into two resonant peaks (one standing-wave mode and one traveling-wave mode) when it couples with the 2nd Fano resonance. Also, the potential of the proposed Fano system as an integrated slow-light device and refractive index sensor was investigated. The results show that a maximum group index of about 100 can be realized, and a linear refractive index sensitivity of 938 nm/RIU with a figure of merit of about 1.35 × 104 can be obtained.

  3. Two-photon transport in a waveguide coupled to a cavity in a two-level system

    SciTech Connect

    Shi, T.; Sun, C. P.; Fan Shanhui

    2011-12-15

    We study two-photon effects for a cavity quantum electrodynamics system where a waveguide is coupled to a cavity embedded in a two-level system. The wave function of two-photon scattering is exactly solved by using the Lehmann-Symanzik-Zimmermann reduction. Our results about quantum statistical properties of the outgoing photons explicitly exhibit the photon blockade effects in the strong-coupling regime. These results agree with the observations of recent experiments.

  4. All-optical diode structure based on asymmetrical coupling by a micro-cavity and FP cavity at two sides of photonic crystal waveguide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Bin; Liu, Yun-Feng; Jia, Chen; He, Xing-Dao

    2016-06-01

    A high efficiency all-optical diode based on photonic crystal (PC) waveguide has been proposed and numerically investigated by finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. The structure is asymmetrically coupled by a micro-cavity containing nonlinear Kerr medium and a FP cavity at sides of PC waveguide. Because of interference between two cavities, Fano peak and FP peak can both appear in transmission spectra and unidirectional transmission can be achieved. The working wavelength can set between two peaks and near to the Fano peak. For forward launch with suitable light intensity, nonlinear Kerr effect of micro-cavity can been excited. It will result in red shift of Fano peak and achieving forward transmission. But for backward launch, a stronger incidence light is needed to the excite Kerr effect due to the design of asymmetric structure. This design has many advantages, including high maximum transmittance, high transmittance contrast ratio, low power threshold, short response time, and ease of integration.

  5. Comment on 'Coupled dynamics of atoms and radiation-pressure-driven interferometers' and 'Superstrong coupling regime of cavity quantum electrodynamics'

    SciTech Connect

    Asboth, J. K.; Domokos, P.

    2007-11-15

    In two recent articles [D. Meiser and P. Meystre, Phys. Rev. A 73, 033417 (2006); 74, 065801 (2006)], Meiser and Meystre describe the coupled dynamics of a dense gas of atoms and an optical cavity pumped by a laser field. They make two important simplifying assumptions: (i) The gas of atoms forms a regular lattice and can be replaced by a fictitious mirror and (ii) the atoms strive to minimize the dipole potential. We show that the two assumptions are inconsistent: The configuration of atoms minimizing the dipole potential is not a perfect lattice. Assumption (ii) is erroneous, as in the strong coupling regime the dipole force does not arise from the dipole potential. The real steady state, where the dipole forces vanish, is indeed a regular lattice. Furthermore, the bistability predicted by Meiser and Meystre does not occur in this system.

  6. Photoemission and Masing in a Cavity-Coupled Semiconductor Double Quantum Dot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petta, Jason

    2015-05-01

    Semiconductor circuit QED devices are exciting platforms for studying the coupled dynamics of single charges, photons, and phonons. I will describe a newly discovered maser, which is driven by single electron tunneling events that result in gigahertz frequency photon emission. Semiconductor double quantum dots, sometimes referred to as electrically tunable ``artificial molecules,'' serve as the gain medium and are placed inside of a high quality factor microwave cavity. Maser action is verified by comparing the statistics of the emitted microwave field above and below the maser threshold. Furthermore, by driving the cavity with a seed tone, it is possible to injection lock the maser, greatly reducing the emission linewidth. The frequency range over which the maser can be injection locked closely follows predictions from Adler's equation. Research was performed in collaboration with Yinyu Liu, Jiri Stehlik, Christopher Eichler, Michael Gullans, and Jacob Taylor. We acknowledge support from the Sloan and Packard Foundations, ARO, DARPA, and the NSF.

  7. Employing Twin Crabbing Cavities to Address Variable Transverse Coupling of Beams in the MEIC

    SciTech Connect

    Castilla, Alejandro; Delayen, Jean R.; Morozov, Vasiliy; Satogata, Todd

    2014-07-01

    The design strategy of the Medium Energy Electron-Ion Collider (MEIC) at Jefferson Lab contemplates both matching of the emittance aspect ratios and a 50 mrad crossing angle along with crab crossing scheme for both electron and ion beams over the energy range (√s=20-70 GeV) to achieve high luminosities at the interaction points (IPs). However, the desired locations for placing the crabbing cavities may include regions where the transverse degrees of freedom of the beams are coupled with variable coupling strength that depends on the collider rings’ magnetic elements (solenoids and skew quadrupoles). In this work we explore the feasibility of employing twin rf dipoles that produce a variable direction crabbing kick to account for a range of transverse coupling of both beams.

  8. A Plasmonic Temperature-Sensing Structure Based on Dual Laterally Side-Coupled Hexagonal Cavities.

    PubMed

    Xie, Yiyuan; Huang, Yexiong; Xu, Weihua; Zhao, Weilun; He, Chao

    2016-01-01

    A plasmonic temperature-sensing structure, based on a metal-insulator-metal (MIM) waveguide with dual side-coupled hexagonal cavities, is proposed and numerically investigated by using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method in this paper. The numerical simulation results show that a resonance dip appears in the transmission spectrum. Moreover, the full width of half maximum (FWHM) of the resonance dip can be narrowed down, and the extinction ratio can reach a maximum value by tuning the coupling distance between the waveguide and two cavities. Based on a linear relationship between the resonance dip and environment temperature, the temperature-sensing characteristics are discussed. The temperature sensitivity is influenced by the side length and the coupling distance. Furthermore, for the first time, two concepts-optical spectrum interference (OSI) and misjudge rate (MR)-are introduced to study the temperature-sensing resolution based on spectral interrogation. This work has some significance in the design of nanoscale optical sensors with high temperature sensitivity and a high sensing resolution. PMID:27196907

  9. Mode coupling in superconducting parallel plate resonator in a cavity with outer conductive enclosure

    SciTech Connect

    Gao, F.; Klein, M.V.; Kruse, J.; Feng, M.

    1996-06-01

    The authors have carefully studied the mode coupling effect from analysis of the measured microwave scattering parameters of superconducting films using a parallel-plate-resonator technique. Due to its high resolution and simplicity, this technique has been widely employed to identify the quality of high-{Tc} superconducting films by measuring the resonance bandwidth, from which the microwave surface resistance is directly derived. To minimize the radiation loss, the resonator is usually housed in a conductive cavity. Using this method, they observe that a number of strong ``cavity`` modes due to the test enclosure fall around the lowest TM mode of the superconducting resonator and that a strong interaction between these two types of resonant modes occurs when their eigenfrequencies are close, causing a significant distortion or a strong antiresonance for the resonator mode. To describe this effect, a coupled harmonic-oscillator model is proposed. They suggest that the interaction arises from a phase interference or a linear coupling among the individual oscillators. The model fits very well the observed Fano-type asymmetric or antiresonant features, and thus can be used to extract the intrinsic Q of the superconducting resonator.

  10. Optical Phased Array Antennas using Coupled Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mueller, Carl H.; Rojas, Roberto A.; Nessel, James A.; Miranda, Felix A.

    2007-01-01

    High data rate communication links are needed to meet the needs of NASA as well as other organizations to develop space-based optical communication systems. These systems must be robust to high radiation environments, reliable, and operate over a wide temperature range. Highly desirable features include beam steering capability, reconfigurability, low power consumption, and small aperture size. Optical communication links, using coupled vertical cavity surface emitting laser radiating elements are promising candidates for the transmit portion of these communication links. In this talk we describe a mission scenario, and how the antenna requirements are derived from the mission needs. We describe a potential architecture for this type of antenna, and outline the advantages and drawbacks of this approach relative to competing technologies. The technology we are proposing used coupled arrays of 1550 nm vertical cavity surface emitting lasers for transmission. The feasibility of coupling these arrays together, to form coherent high-power beams that can be modulated at data rates exceeding 1 Gbps, will be explored. We will propose an architecture that enables electronic beam steering, thus mitigating the need for ancillary acquisition, tracking and beam pointing equipment such as needed for current optical communicatin systems. The beam-steering capability we are proposing also opens the possibility of using this technology for inter-satellite communicatin links, and satellite-to-surface links.

  11. A Plasmonic Temperature-Sensing Structure Based on Dual Laterally Side-Coupled Hexagonal Cavities

    PubMed Central

    Xie, Yiyuan; Huang, Yexiong; Xu, Weihua; Zhao, Weilun; He, Chao

    2016-01-01

    A plasmonic temperature-sensing structure, based on a metal-insulator-metal (MIM) waveguide with dual side-coupled hexagonal cavities, is proposed and numerically investigated by using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method in this paper. The numerical simulation results show that a resonance dip appears in the transmission spectrum. Moreover, the full width of half maximum (FWHM) of the resonance dip can be narrowed down, and the extinction ratio can reach a maximum value by tuning the coupling distance between the waveguide and two cavities. Based on a linear relationship between the resonance dip and environment temperature, the temperature-sensing characteristics are discussed. The temperature sensitivity is influenced by the side length and the coupling distance. Furthermore, for the first time, two concepts—optical spectrum interference (OSI) and misjudge rate (MR)—are introduced to study the temperature-sensing resolution based on spectral interrogation. This work has some significance in the design of nanoscale optical sensors with high temperature sensitivity and a high sensing resolution. PMID:27196907

  12. Objective evaluation of interior trim effects on sound quality and noise reduction of a coupled plate cavity system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Egab, Laith; Wang, Xu

    2016-03-01

    In this study, the impedance mobility and psychoacoustic analysis methods are combined to develop a structural-acoustic model of a plate-cavity coupling system. The objective is to evaluate the effect of interior trim materials on sound loudness and sharpness of a plate-cavity coupling system. The impedance mobility method is applied to calculate the pressure frequency responses of the interior acoustic field for the plate-cavity coupling system. The sound pressure results calculated by the impedance mobility method are then directly used to calculate the psychoacoustic metrics using psychoacoustic analysis method. A good agreement was found between the experimental and analytical results. The results show that the interior trim has a large influence on the distribution of the sound loudness and sharpness inside the cavity in the middle and high frequency ranges.

  13. Models for electromagnetic coupling of lightning onto multiconductor cables in underground cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Higgins, Matthew Benjamin

    This dissertation documents the measurements, analytical modeling, and numerical modeling of electromagnetic transfer functions to quantify the ability of cloud-to-ground lightning strokes (including horizontal arc-channel components) to couple electromagnetic energy onto multiconductor cables in an underground cavity. Measurements were performed at the Sago coal mine located near Buckhannon, WV. These transfer functions, coupled with mathematical representations of lightning strokes, are then used to predict electric fields within the mine and induced voltages on a cable that was left abandoned in the sealed area of the Sago mine. If voltages reached high enough levels, electrical arcing could have occurred from the abandoned cable. Electrical arcing is known to be an effective ignition source for explosive gas mixtures. Two coupling mechanisms were measured: direct and indirect drive. Direct coupling results from the injection or induction of lightning current onto metallic conductors such as the conveyors, rails, trolley communications cable, and AC power shields that connect from the outside of the mine to locations deep within the mine. Indirect coupling results from electromagnetic field propagation through the earth as a result of a cloud-to-ground lightning stroke or a long, low-altitude horizontal current channel from a cloud-to-ground stroke. Unlike direct coupling, indirect coupling does not require metallic conductors in a continuous path from the surface to areas internal to the mine. Results from the indirect coupling measurements and analysis are of great concern. The field measurements, modeling, and analysis indicate that significant energy can be coupled directly into the sealed area of the mine. Due to the relatively low frequency content of lightning (< 100 kHz), electromagnetic energy can readily propagate through hundreds of feet of earth. Indirect transfer function measurements compare extremely well with analytical and computational models

  14. Linear theory of beam-wave interaction in double-slot coupled cavity travelling wave tube

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fang-ming, He; Wen-qiu, Xie; Ji-run, Luo; Min, Zhu; Wei, Guo

    2016-03-01

    A three-dimensional model of the double-slot coupled cavity slow-wave structure (CCSWS) with a solid round electron beam for the beam-wave interaction is presented. Based on the “cold” dispersion, the “hot” dispersion equation is derived with the Maxwell equations by using the variable separation method and the field-matching method. Through numerical calculations, the effects of the electron beam parameters and the staggered angle between adjacent walls on the linear gain are analyzed. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11205162).

  15. Single-mode quantum cascade lasers employing a candy-cane shaped monolithic coupled cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Peter Q.; Sladek, Kamil; Wang, Xiaojun; Fan, Jen-Yu; Gmachl, Claire F.

    2011-12-01

    We demonstrate single-mode quantum cascade lasers emitting at ˜4.5 μm by employing a monolithic "candy-cane" shaped coupled-cavity consisting of a straight section connecting at one end to a spiral section. The fabrication process is identical to those for simple Fabry-Perot-type ridge lasers. Continuously tunable single-mode emission across ˜8 cm-1 with side mode suppression ratio up to ˜25 dB and a single-mode operating current range of more than 70% above the threshold current is achieved when the lasers are operated in pulsed-mode from 80 K to 155 K.

  16. Coexistence of strong and weak coupling in ZnO nanowire cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michalsky, Tom; Franke, Helena; Buschlinger, Robert; Peschel, Ulf; Grundmann, Marius; Schmidt-Grund, Rüdiger

    2016-06-01

    We present a high quality two-dimensional cavity structure based on ZnO nanowires coated with concentrical Bragg reflectors. The spatial mode distribution leads to the simultaneous appearance of the weak and strong coupling regime even at room temperature. Photoluminescence (PL) measurements agree with finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulations. Furthermore the ZnO core nanowires allow for the observation of middle polariton branches between the A- and B-exciton ground state resonances. Further, lasing emission up to room temperature is detected in excitation dependent photoluminescence measurements. Supplementary online material is available in electronic form at http://www.epjap.org

  17. Exciton dynamics in a site-controlled quantum dot coupled to a photonic crystal cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Jarlov, C. Lyasota, A.; Ferrier, L.; Gallo, P.; Dwir, B.; Rudra, A.; Kapon, E.

    2015-11-09

    Exciton and cavity mode (CM) dynamics in site-controlled pyramidal quantum dots (QDs), integrated with linear photonic crystal membrane cavities, are investigated for a range of temperatures and photo-excitation power levels. The absence of spurious multi-excitonic effects, normally observed in similar structures based on self-assembled QDs, permits the observation of effects intrinsic to two-level systems embedded in a solid state matrix and interacting with optical cavity modes. The coupled exciton and CM dynamics follow the same trend, indicating that the CM is fed only by the exciton transition. The Purcell reduction of the QD and CM decay times is reproduced well by a theoretical model that includes exciton linewidth broadening and temperature dependent non-radiative processes, from which we extract a Purcell factor of 17 ± 5. For excitation powers above QD saturation, we show the influence of quantum wire barrier states at short delay time, and demonstrate the absence of multiexcitonic background emission.

  18. Sub-Poissonian photon emission in coupled double quantum dots-cavity system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Han; Peng, Yi-Wei; Yu, Zhong-Yuan; Zhang, Wen; Liu, Yu-Min

    2015-11-01

    In this work, we theoretically analyze the few-photon emissions generated in a coupled double quantum dots (CDQDs)-single mode microcavity system, under continuous wave and pulse excitation. Compared with the uncoupled case, strong sub-Poissonian character is achieved in a CDQDs-cavity system at a certain laser frequency. Based on the proposed scheme, single photon generation can be obtained separately under QD-cavity resonant condition and off-resonant condition. For different cavity decay rates, we reveal that laser frequency detunings of minimum second-order autocorrelation function are discrete and can be divided into three regions. Moreover, the non-ideal situation where two QDs are not identical is discussed, indicating the robustness of the proposed scheme, which possesses sub-Poissonian character in a large QD difference variation range. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61372037 and 61401035), the Beijing Excellent Ph.D. Thesis Guidance Foundation, China (Grant No. 20131001301), and the Fund of State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications (Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications), China (Grant No. IPOC2015ZC05).

  19. Integrated fiber-mirror ion trap for strong ion-cavity coupling

    SciTech Connect

    Brandstätter, B. Schüppert, K.; Casabone, B.; Friebe, K.; Stute, A.; Northup, T. E.; McClung, A.; Schmidt, P. O.; Deutsch, C.; Reichel, J.

    2013-12-15

    We present and characterize fiber mirrors and a miniaturized ion-trap design developed to integrate a fiber-based Fabry-Perot cavity (FFPC) with a linear Paul trap for use in cavity-QED experiments with trapped ions. Our fiber-mirror fabrication process not only enables the construction of FFPCs with small mode volumes, but also allows us to minimize the influence of the dielectric fiber mirrors on the trapped-ion pseudopotential. We discuss the effect of clipping losses for long FFPCs and the effect of angular and lateral displacements on the coupling efficiencies between cavity and fiber. Optical profilometry allows us to determine the radii of curvature and ellipticities of the fiber mirrors. From finesse measurements, we infer a single-atom cooperativity of up to 12 for FFPCs longer than 200 μm in length; comparison to cavities constructed with reference substrate mirrors produced in the same coating run indicates that our FFPCs have similar scattering losses. We characterize the birefringence of our fiber mirrors, finding that careful fiber-mirror selection enables us to construct FFPCs with degenerate polarization modes. As FFPCs are novel devices, we describe procedures developed for handling, aligning, and cleaning them. We discuss experiments to anneal fiber mirrors and explore the influence of the atmosphere under which annealing occurs on coating losses, finding that annealing under vacuum increases the losses for our reference substrate mirrors. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements indicate that these losses may be attributable to oxygen depletion in the mirror coating. Special design considerations enable us to introduce a FFPC into a trapped ion setup. Our unique linear Paul trap design provides clearance for such a cavity and is miniaturized to shield trapped ions from the dielectric fiber mirrors. We numerically calculate the trap potential in the absence of fibers. In the experiment additional electrodes can be used to compensate

  20. Motion of clusters of weakly coupled two-dimensional cavity solitons

    SciTech Connect

    Rosanov, N. N. Fedorov, S. V.; Shatsev, A. N.

    2006-04-15

    An analysis of clusters of weakly coupled two-dimensional spatial optical solitons in a large-aperture class A laser with a saturable absorber is developed. The symmetries that control the transverse motion of the clusters are described. Numerical solutions of the governing generalized complex Ginzburg-Landau equation demonstrate the existence of four types of clusters of weakly coupled cavity solitons that correspond to symmetries of transverse intensity distributions and energy flows: (1) stationary (with two mirror symmetry axes), (2) rotating about a stationary center of mass (invariant under rotation), (3) translating without rotation (with a single mirror symmetry axis), and (4) asymmetric ones rotating about a center of mass that moves around a circle (with equal periods of rotation and circular motion)

  1. Polariton Resonances for Ultrastrong Coupling Cavity Optomechanics in GaAs /AlAs Multiple Quantum Wells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jusserand, B.; Poddubny, A. N.; Poshakinskiy, A. V.; Fainstein, A.; Lemaitre, A.

    2015-12-01

    Polariton-mediated light-sound interaction is investigated through resonant Brillouin scattering experiments in GaAs /AlAs multiple-quantum wells. Photoelastic coupling enhancement at exciton-polariton resonance reaches 105 at 30 K as compared to a typical bulk solid room temperature transparency value. When applied to GaAs based cavity optomechanical nanodevices, this result opens the path to huge displacement sensitivities and to ultrastrong coupling regimes in cavity optomechanics with couplings g0 in the range of 100 GHz.

  2. Bi- and uni-photon entanglement in two-way cascaded fiber-coupled atom-cavity systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mirza, Imran M.

    2015-08-01

    We theoretically investigate the two-photon entanglement in fiber-coupled, two-way cascaded atom-cavity systems. In particular, we demonstrate that, it is possible to generate two-photon entanglement in both weak coupling (atom-cavity coupling rate | g | smaller than the cavity leakage rate κ) and strong coupling regimes (κ < | g |) in this system, when both atoms start off in an excited state. By employing the quantum trajectory method, we characterize the two-photon entanglement in terms of von-Neumann entropy and show that the amount of entanglement exceed considerably (almost double) when κ > | g |. We also quantified the amount of entanglement when instead of two excitations there is a single excitation in the system in the beginning.

  3. Passive cavity laser and tilted wave laser for Bessel-like beam coherently coupled bars and stacks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ledentsov, N. N.; Shchukin, V. A.; Maximov, M. V.; Gordeev, N. Y.; Kaluzhniy, N. A.; Mintairov, S. A.; Payusov, A. S.; Shernyakov, Yu. M.; Vashanova, K. A.; Kulagina, M. M.; Schmidt, N. Y.

    2015-03-01

    Ultralarge output apertures of semiconductor gain chips facilitate novel applications that require efficient feedback of the reflected laser light. Thick (10-30 μm) and ultrabroad (>1000 μm) waveguides are suitable for coherent coupling through both near-field of the neighboring stripes in a laser bar and by applying external cavities. As a result direct laser diodes may become suitable as high-power high-brightness coherent light sources. Passive cavity laser is based on the idea of placing the active media outside of the main waveguide, for example in the cladding layers attached to the waveguide, or, as in the case of the Tilted Wave Laser (TWL) in a thin waveguide coupled to the neighboring thick waveguide wherein most of the field intensity is localized in the broad waveguide. Multimode or a single vertical mode lasing is possible depending on the coupling efficiency. We demonstrate that 1060 nm GaAs/GaAlAs-based Tilted Wave Lasers (TWL) show wall-plug efficiency up to ~55% with the power concentrated in the two symmetric vertical beams having a full width at half maximum (FWHM) of 2 degrees each. Bars with pitch sizes in the range of 25-400 μm are studied and coherent operation of the bars is manifested with the lateral far field lobes as narrow as 0.1° FWHM. As the near field of such lasers in the vertical direction represents a strongly modulated highly periodic pattern of intensity maxima such lasers or laser arrays generate Bessel-type beams. These beams are focusable similar to the case of Gaussian beams. However, opposite to the Gaussian beams, such beams are self-healing and quasi non-divergent. Previously Bessel beams were generated using Gaussian beams in combination with an axicon lens or a Fresnel biprism. A new approach does not involve such complexity and a novel generation of laser diodes evolves.

  4. An analytical approach for beam loading compensation and excitation of maximum cavity field gradient in a coupled cavity-waveguide system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kelisani, M. Dayyani; Doebert, S.; Aslaninejad, M.

    2016-08-01

    The critical process of beam loading compensation in high intensity accelerators brings under control the undesired effect of the beam induced fields to the accelerating structures. A new analytical approach for optimizing standing wave accelerating structures is found which is hugely fast and agrees very well with simulations. A perturbative analysis of cavity and waveguide excitation based on the Bethe theorem and normal mode expansion is developed to compensate the beam loading effect and excite the maximum field gradient in the cavity. The method provides the optimum values for the coupling factor and the cavity detuning. While the approach is very accurate and agrees well with simulation software, it massively shortens the calculation time compared with the simulation software.

  5. Applications of Cavity-Enhanced Direct Frequency Comb Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cossel, Kevin C.; Adler, Florian; Maslowski, Piotr; Ye, Jun

    2010-06-01

    Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy (CE-DFCS) is a unique technique that provides broad bandwidth, high resolution, and ultra-high detection sensitivities. This is accomplished by combining a femtosecond laser based optical frequency comb with an enhancement cavity and a broadband, multichannel imaging system. These systems are capable of simultaneously recording many terahertz of spectral bandwidth with sub-gigahertz resolution and absorption sensitivities of 1×10-7 cm-1 Hz-1/2. In addition, the ultrashort pulses enable efficient nonlinear processes, which makes it possible to reach spectral regions that are difficult to access with conventional laser sources. We will present an application of CE-DFCS for trace impurity detection in the semiconductor processing gas arsine near 1.8 μm and the development of a high-power, mid-infrared frequency comb for breath analysis in the 2.8-4.8 μm region. M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye. Science 311, 1595-1599 (2006) F. Adler, M. J. Thorpe, K. C. Cossel, and J. Ye. Annu. Rev. Anal. Chem. 3, 175-205 (2010) F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. J. Thorpe, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye. Opt. Lett. 34, 1330-1332 (2009)

  6. Microwave power coupler for a superconducting multiple-cell cavity for accelerator application and its testing procedures

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Jianjian; /IIT, Chicago

    2008-12-01

    Superconducting cavity resonators offer the advantage of high field intensity for a given input power, making them an attractive contender for particle accelerator applications. Power coupling into a superconducting cavity employed in a particle accelerator requires unique provisions to maintain high vacuum and cryogenic temperature on the cavity side, while operating with ambient conditions on the source side. Components introduced to fulfill mechanical requirements must show negligible obstruction of the propagation of the microwave with absence of critical locations that may give rise to electron multipaction, leading to a multiple section design, instead of an aperture, a probe, or a loop structure as found in conventional cavities. A coaxial power coupler for a superconducting multiple-cell cavity at 3.9 GHz has been developed. The cavity is intended to be employed as an accelerator to provide enhanced electron beam quality in a free-electron laser in Hamburg (FLASH) user facility. The design of the coupler called for two windows to sustain high vacuum in the cavity and two bellows to accommodate mechanical dimensional changes resulting from cryogenics. Suppression of multipacting was accomplished by the choice of conductor dimensions and materials with low second yield coefficients. Prior to integration with the cavity, the coupler was tested for intrinsic properties in a back-to-back configuration and conditioned for high-power operation with increasing power input. Maximum incident power was measured to be 61 kW. When integrated with the superconducting cavity, a loaded quality factor of 9 x 10{sup 5} was measured by transient method. Coupler return loss and insertion loss were estimated to be around -21 dB and -0.2 dB, respectively.

  7. Low-photon-number optical switch and AND/OR logic gates based on quantum dot-bimodal cavity coupling system.

    PubMed

    Ma, Shen; Ye, Han; Yu, Zhong-Yuan; Zhang, Wen; Peng, Yi-Wei; Cheng, Xiang; Liu, Yu-Min

    2016-01-01

    We propose a new scheme based on quantum dot-bimodal cavity coupling system to realize all-optical switch and logic gates in low-photon-number regime. Suppression of mode transmission due to the destructive interference effect is theoretically demonstrated by driving the cavity with two orthogonally polarized pulsed lasers at certain pulse delay. The transmitted mode can be selected by designing laser pulse sequence. The optical switch with high on-off ratio emerges when considering one driving laser as the control. Moreover, the AND/OR logic gates based on photon polarization are achieved by cascading the coupling system. Both proposed optical switch and logic gates work well in ultra-low energy magnitude. Our work may enable various applications of all-optical computing and quantum information processing. PMID:26750557

  8. Low-photon-number optical switch and AND/OR logic gates based on quantum dot-bimodal cavity coupling system

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Shen; Ye, Han; Yu, Zhong-Yuan; Zhang, Wen; Peng, Yi-Wei; Cheng, Xiang; Liu, Yu-Min

    2016-01-01

    We propose a new scheme based on quantum dot-bimodal cavity coupling system to realize all-optical switch and logic gates in low-photon-number regime. Suppression of mode transmission due to the destructive interference effect is theoretically demonstrated by driving the cavity with two orthogonally polarized pulsed lasers at certain pulse delay. The transmitted mode can be selected by designing laser pulse sequence. The optical switch with high on-off ratio emerges when considering one driving laser as the control. Moreover, the AND/OR logic gates based on photon polarization are achieved by cascading the coupling system. Both proposed optical switch and logic gates work well in ultra-low energy magnitude. Our work may enable various applications of all-optical computing and quantum information processing. PMID:26750557

  9. Generalized three-dimensional simulation of ferruled coupled-cavity traveling-wave-tube dispersion and impedance characteristics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maruschek, Joseph W.; Kory, Carol L.; Wilson, Jeffrey D.

    1993-01-01

    The frequency-phase dispersion and Pierce on-axis interaction impedance of a ferruled, coupled-cavity, traveling-wave tube (TWT), slow-wave circuit were calculated using the three-dimensional simulation code Micro-SOS. The utilization of the code to reduce costly and time-consuming experimental cold tests is demonstrated by the accuracy achieved in calculating these parameters. A generalized input file was developed so that ferruled coupled-cavity TWT slow-wave circuits of arbitrary dimensions could be easily modeled. The practicality of the generalized input file was tested by applying it to the ferruled coupled-cavity slow-wave circuit of the Hughes Aircraft Company model 961HA TWT and by comparing the results with experimental results.

  10. Control of coupling in 1D photonic crystal coupled-cavity nano-wire structures via hole diameter and position variation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zain, A. R. Md; De La Rue, R. M.

    2015-12-01

    We have successfully demonstrated close experimental control of the resonance splitting/free spectral range of a coupled micro-cavity one-dimensional photonic crystal/photonic wire device structure based on silicon-on-insulator. Clear splitting of the resonances, with FSR values ranging from 8 nm to 48 nm, was obtained through the use of different hole arrangements within the middle section of the device structures, between the coupled cavities. The results show good agreement with calculations obtained using a finite-difference time-domain simulation approach.

  11. Stimulated and spontaneous four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator coupled photonic wire nano-cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azzini, Stefano; Grassani, Davide; Galli, Matteo; Gerace, Dario; Patrini, Maddalena; Liscidini, Marco; Velha, Philippe; Bajoni, Daniele

    2013-07-01

    We report on four-wave mixing in coupled photonic crystal nano-cavities on a silicon-on-insulator platform. Three photonic wire cavities are side-coupled to obtain three modes equally separated in energy. The structure is designed to be self-filtering, and we show that the pump is rejected by almost two orders of magnitude. We study both the stimulated and the spontaneous four-wave mixing processes: owing to the small modal volume, we find that signal and idler photons are generated with a hundred-fold increase in efficiency as compared to silicon micro-ring resonators.

  12. Emission characteristics of laser-driven dissipative coupled-cavity systems

    SciTech Connect

    Knap, Michael; Arrigoni, Enrico; Linden, Wolfgang von der; Cole, Jared H.

    2011-02-15

    We consider a laser-driven and dissipative system of two coupled cavities with Jaynes-Cummings nonlinearity. In particular, we investigate both incoherent and coherent laser driving, corresponding to different experimental situations. We employ Arnoldi time evolution as a numerical tool to solve exactly the many-body master equation describing the nonequilibrium quantum system. We evaluate the fluorescence spectrum and the spectrum of the second-order correlation function of the emitted light field. Finally, we relate the measured spectra of the dissipative quantum system to excitations of the corresponding nondissipative quantum system. Our results demonstrate how to interpret spectra obtained from dissipative quantum systems and specify what information is contained therein.

  13. Correlated two-photon transport in a one-dimensional waveguide side-coupled to a nonlinear cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Liao Jieqiao; Law, C. K.

    2010-11-15

    We investigate the transport properties of two photons inside a one-dimensional waveguide side-coupled to a single-mode nonlinear cavity. The cavity is filled with a nonlinear Kerr medium. Based on the Laplace transform method, we present an analytic solution for the quantum states of the two transmitted and reflected photons, which are initially prepared in a Lorentzian wave packet. The solution reveals how quantum correlation between the two photons emerges after the scattering by the nonlinear cavity. In particular, we show that the output wave function of the two photons in position space can be localized in relative coordinates, which is a feature that might be interpreted as a two-photon bound state in this waveguide-cavity system.

  14. Classifications of vertical and horizontal resonances for a metal-insulator-metal waveguide with a side-coupled cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhong, Ying; Liu, Haitao

    2016-03-01

    A Fabry-Perot model is proposed to analyze the resonance behaviors of a metal-dielectric-metal waveguide with a rectangular side-coupled cavity that has a horizontal width below one wavelength. Two vertically propagating waveguide modes in the cavity are introduced in the model, and the vertical resonances in the cavity are quantitatively identified by two phase-matching conditions derived from the model. Thus other resonances from the prediction of the phase-matching conditions should be attributed to resonances of horizontally propagating modes in the cavity. These discussions can also give an explanation for the EIT-like transmission characteristics of such a structure. The present analysis provides helpful insight for the design of relevant devices that employ different types of resonances.

  15. Application of ILC superconducting cavities for acceleration of protons

    SciTech Connect

    Ostroumov, P.N.; Aseev, V.N.; Gonin, I.V.; Rusnak, B.; /LLNL, Livermore

    2007-10-01

    Beam acceleration in the International Linear Collider (ILC) will be provided by 9-cell 1300 MHz superconducting (SC) cavities. The cavities are designed for effective acceleration of charged particles moving with the speed of light and are operated on {pi}-mode to provide maximum accelerating gradient. Significant R&D effort has been devoted to develop ILC SC technology and its RF system which resulted excellent performance of ILC cavities. Therefore, the proposed 8-GeV proton driver in Fermilab is based on ILC cavities above {approx}1.2 GeV. The efficiency of proton beam acceleration by ILC cavities drops fast for lower velocities and it was proposed to develop squeezed ILC-type (S-ILC) cavities operating at 1300 MHz and designed for {beta}{sub G} = 0.81, geometrical beta, to accelerate protons or H{sup -} from {approx}420 MeV to 1.2 GeV. This paper discusses the possibility of avoiding the development of new {beta}{sub G} = 0.81 cavities by operating ILC cavities on 8/9{pi}-mode of standing wave oscillations.

  16. Damping of quasiparticles in a Bose-Einstein condensate coupled to an optical cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kónya, G.; Szirmai, G.; Domokos, P.

    2014-07-01

    We present a general theory for calculating the damping rate of elementary density-wave excitations in a Bose-Einstein condensate strongly coupled to a single radiation field mode of an optical cavity. Thereby we give a detailed derivation of the huge resonant enhancement in the Beliaev damping of a density-wave mode, predicted recently by Kónya et al. [Phys. Rev. A 89, 051601(R) (2014), 10.1103/PhysRevA.89.051601]. The given density-wave mode constitutes the polaritonlike soft mode of the self-organization phase transition. The resonant enhancement takes place, in both the normal and the ordered phases, outside the critical region. We show that the large damping rate is accompanied by a significant frequency shift of this polariton mode. Going beyond the Born-Markov approximation and determining the poles of the retarded Green's function of the polariton, we reveal a strong coupling between the polariton and a collective mode in the phonon bath formed by the other density-wave modes.

  17. Coupling of erbium dopants to yttrium orthosilicate photonic crystal cavities for on-chip optical quantum memories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miyazono, Evan; Zhong, Tian; Craiciu, Ioana; Kindem, Jonathan M.; Faraon, Andrei

    2016-01-01

    Erbium dopants in crystals exhibit highly coherent optical transitions well suited for solid-state optical quantum memories operating in the telecom band. Here, we demonstrate coupling of erbium dopant ions in yttrium orthosilicate to a photonic crystal cavity fabricated directly in the host crystal using focused ion beam milling. The coupling leads to reduction of the photoluminescence lifetime and enhancement of the optical depth in microns-long devices, which will enable on-chip quantum memories.

  18. Cavity magnomechanics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zou, Chang-Ling; Zhang, Xufeng; Jiang, Liang; Tang, Hong

    2016-05-01

    Recently, cavity magnonics has attracted much attention for potential applications of coherent information transduction and hybrid quantum devices. The magnon is a collective spin wave excitation in ferromagnetic material. It is magnetically tunability, with long coherence time and non-reciprocical interaction with electro-magnetic fields. We report the coherent coupling between magnon, microwave photon and phonon. First, we demonstrate strong coupling and ultrastrong coupling between the magnon in YIG sphere and microwave photon in three-dimensional cavity. Then, based on the hybridized magnon-photon modes, we observe the triply resonant magnon-mcirowave photon-phonon coupling, where the ultrahigh-Q mechanical vibration of YIG sphere is dispersively coupled with the magnon via magnetostrictive interaction. We observe interesting phenomena, including electromagnetically induced transparency/absorption and parametric amplification. In particular, benefit from the large tunability of the magnon, we demonstrate a tunable microwave amplifier with gain as high as 30 dB. The single crystal YIG also has excellent optical properties, and thus provide a unique platform bridging MHz, GHz and THz information carriers. Finally, we present the latest progress towards coherent magnon to optical photon conversion.

  19. Imaging of Acoustically Coupled Oscillations Due to Flow Past a Shallow Cavity: Effect of Cavity Length Scale

    SciTech Connect

    P. Oshkai; M. Geveci; D. Rockwell; M. Pollack

    2002-12-12

    Flow-acoustic interactions due to fully turbulent inflow past a shallow axisymmetric cavity mounted in a pipe are investigated using a technique of high-image-density particle image velocimetry in conjunction with unsteady pressure measurements. This imaging leads to patterns of velocity, vorticity, streamline topology, and hydrodynamic contributions to the acoustic power integral. Global instantaneous images, as well as time-averaged images, are evaluated to provide insight into the flow physics during tone generation. Emphasis is on the manner in which the streamwise length scale of the cavity alters the major features of the flow structure. These image-based approaches allow identification of regions of the unsteady shear layer that contribute to the instantaneous hydrodynamic component of the acoustic power, which is necessary to maintain a flow tone. In addition, combined image analysis and pressure measurements allow categorization of the instantaneous flow patterns that are associated with types of time traces and spectra of the fluctuating pressure. In contrast to consideration based solely on pressure spectra, it is demonstrated that locked-on tones may actually exhibit intermittent, non-phase-locked images, apparently due to low damping of the acoustic resonator. Locked-on flow tones (without modulation or intermittency), locked-on flow tones with modulation, and non-locked-on oscillations with short-term, highly coherent fluctuations are defined and represented by selected cases. Depending on which of,these regimes occur, the time-averaged Q (quality)-factor and the dimensionless peak pressure are substantially altered.

  20. Coherent coupling between a molecular vibration and Fabry-Perot optical cavity to give hybridized states in the strong coupling limit (Presentation Recording)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Long, James P.; Owrutsky, Jeff C.; Fears, Kenan P.; Dressick, Walter J.; Dunkelberger, Adam D.; Compton, Ryan; Spann, Bryan; Simpkins, Blake S.

    2015-09-01

    Coherent coupling between an optical-transition and confined optical mode, when sufficiently strong, gives rise to new modes separated by the vacuum Rabi splitting. Such systems have been investigated for electronic-state transitions, however, only very recently have vibrational transitions been considered. Here, we bring strong polaritonic-coupling in cavities from the visible into the infrared where a new range of static and dynamic vibrational processes await investigation. First, we experimentally and numerically describe coupling between a Fabry-Perot cavity and carbonyl stretch (~1730 cm 1) in poly-methylmethacrylate. As is requisite for "strong coupling", the measured vacuum Rabi splitting of 132 cm 1 is much larger than the full width of the cavity (34 cm-1) and the inhomogeneously broadened carbonyl-stretch (24 cm-1). Agreement with classical theories providea evidence that the mixed-states are relatively immune to inhomogeneous broadening. Next, we investigate strong and weak coupling regimes through examination of cavities loaded with varying concentrations of urethane. Rabi splittings increases from 0 to ~104 cm-1 with concentrations from 0-20 vol% and are in excellent agreement to an analytical description using no fitting parameters. Ultra-fast pump-probe measurements reveal transient absorption signals over a frequency range well-separated from the vibrational band as well as modifications of energy relaxation times. Finally, we demonstrate coupling to liquids using the C-O stretching band (~1985 cm-1) of Mo(CO)6 in an aqueous solution. Opening the field of polaritonic coupling to vibrational species promises to be a rich arena amenable to a wide variety of infrared-active bonds that can be studied statically and dynamically.

  1. Electric dipole coupling in optical cavities and its implications for energy transfer, up-conversion, and pooling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    LaCount, Michael D.; Lusk, Mark T.

    2016-06-01

    Resonant energy transfer, energy transfer up-conversion, and energy pooling are considered within optical cavities to elucidate the relationship between exciton dynamics and donor-acceptor separation distance. This is accomplished by using perturbation theory to derive analytic expressions for the electric dipole coupling tensors of perfect planar and rectangular channel reflectors—directly related to a number of important energy-transfer processes. In the near field, the separation dependence along the cavity axis is not influenced by the cavity and is essentially the same as for three-dimensional free space. This is in sharp contrast with the reduced sensitivity to separation found in idealized low-dimensional settings. The cavity dynamics only correspond to their reduced-dimensional counterparts in the far field where such excitonic processes are not typically of interest. There is an intermediate regime, though, where sufficiently small cavities cause a substantial decrease in separation sensitivity that results in one component of the dipole-dipole coupling tensor being much larger than those of free space.

  2. Designs of Superconducting Parallel-Bar Deflecting Cavities for Deflecting/Crabbing Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Delayen, J. R.; De Silva, S. U.

    2011-07-01

    The superconducting parallel-bar cavity is a deflecting/crabbing cavity with attractive properties, compared to other conventional designs, that is currently being considered for a number of applications. The new parallel-bar design with curved loading elements and circular or elliptical outer conductors have improved properties compared to the designs with rectangular outer conductors. We present the designs proposed as deflecting cavities for the Jefferson Lab 12 GeV upgrade and for Project-X and as crabbing cavities for the proposed LHC luminosity upgrade and electron-ion collider at Jefferson Lab.

  3. Superfluids of Fermions in spin-orbit coupled systems and photons inside a cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Yi-Xiang

    This dissertation introduces some new properties of both superfluid phases of fermions with spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and superradiant phases of photons in an optical cavity. The effects of SOC on the phase transition between normal and superfluid phase are revealed; an unconventional crossover driven by SOC from the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) state to the Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) state is verified in three different systems; and two kinds of excitations, a Goldstone mode and a Higgs mode, are demonstrated to occur in a quantum optical system. We investigate the BCS superfluid state of two-component atomic Fermi gases in the presence of three kinds of SOCs. We find that SOC drives a class of BCS to BEC crossover that is different from the conventional one without SOC. Here, we extend the concepts of the coherence length and Cooper-pair size in the absence of SOC to Fermi systems with SOC. We study the dependence of chemical potential, coherence length, and Cooper-pair size on the SOC strength and the scattering length in three dimensions (3D) (or the two-body binding energy in two dimensions (2D)) for three attractively interacting Fermi gases with 3D Rashba, 3D Weyl, and 2D Rashba SOC respectively. By adding a population imbalance to a Fermi gas with Rashba-type SOC, we also map out the finite-temperature phase diagram. Due to a competition between SOC and population imbalance, the finite-temperature phase diagram reveals a large variety of new features, including the expanding of the superfluid state regime and the shrinking of both the phase separation and the normal regimes. We find that the tricritical point moves toward a regime of low temperature, high magnetic field, and high polarization as the SOC strength increases. Besides Fermi fluids, this dissertation also gives a new angle of view on the superradiant phase in the Dicke model. Here, we demonstrate that Goldstone and Higgs modes can be observed in an optical system with only a few atoms

  4. Applications of flexible hollow waveguides in the oral cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gannot, Israel; Calderon, Shlomo; Dror, Jacob; Croitoru, Nathan I.

    1995-05-01

    Flexible plastic waveguides were used in several fields of dentistry for treatments in the oral cavity. Soft tissue lesions were treated applying CO2 laser energy. A new technique for dental implants was suggested using a combination of Er-YAG and CO2 laser energy. Cavity preparation in the teeth was performed using the Er-YAG laser radiation and CO2 energy transmitted by the waveguides was used for root canal treatments.

  5. Tunable photonic cavity coupled to a voltage-biased double quantum dot system: Diagrammatic nonequilibrium Green's function approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agarwalla, Bijay Kumar; Kulkarni, Manas; Mukamel, Shaul; Segal, Dvira

    2016-07-01

    We investigate gain in microwave photonic cavities coupled to voltage-biased double quantum dot systems with an arbitrarily strong dot-lead coupling and with a Holstein-like light-matter interaction, by employing the diagrammatic Keldysh nonequilibrium Green's function approach. We compute out-of-equilibrium properties of the cavity: its transmission, phase response, mean photon number, power spectrum, and spectral function. We show that by the careful engineering of these hybrid light-matter systems, one can achieve a significant amplification of the optical signal with the voltage-biased electronic system serving as a gain medium. We also study the steady-state current across the device, identifying elastic and inelastic tunneling processes which involve the cavity mode. Our results show how recent advances in quantum electronics can be exploited to build hybrid light-matter systems that behave as microwave amplifiers and photon source devices. The diagrammatic Keldysh approach is primarily discussed for a cavity-coupled double quantum dot architecture, but it is generalizable to other hybrid light-matter systems.

  6. Imaging of Acoustically Coupled Oscillations Due to Flow Past a Shallow Cavity: Effect of Cavity Length Scale

    SciTech Connect

    P Oshkai; M Geveci; D Rockwell; M Pollack

    2004-05-24

    Flow-acoustic interactions due to fully turbulent inflow past a shallow axisymmetric cavity mounted in a pipe, which give rise to flow tones, are investigated using a technique of high-image-density particle image velocimetry in conjunction with unsteady pressure measurements. This imaging leads to patterns of velocity, vorticity, streamline topology, and hydrodynamic contributions to the acoustic power integral. Global instantaneous images, as well as time-averaged images, are evaluated to provide insight into the flow physics during tone generation. Emphasis is on the manner in which the streamwise length scale of the cavity alters the major features of the flow structure. These image-based approaches allow identification of regions of the unsteady shear layer that contribute to the instantaneous hydrodynamic component of the acoustic power, which is necessary to maintain a flow tone. In addition, combined image analysis and pressure measurements allow categorization of the instantaneous flow patterns that are associated with types of time traces and spectra of the fluctuating pressure. In contrast to consideration based solely on pressure spectra, it is demonstrated that locked-on tones may actually exhibit intermittent, non-phase-locked images, apparently due to low damping of the acoustic resonator. Locked-on flow tones (without modulation or intermittency), locked-on flow tones with modulation, and non-locked-on oscillations with short-term, highly coherent fluctuations are defined and represented by selected cases. Depending on which of these regimes occur, the time-averaged Q (quality)-factor and the dimensionless peak pressure are substantially altered.

  7. Zeno-anti-Zeno crossover via external fields in a one-dimensional coupled-cavity waveguide

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou Lan; Kuang Leman

    2010-10-15

    We have studied a hybrid system of a one-dimensional coupled-cavity waveguide with a two-level system inside which was subjected to a external periodical field. Using the extended-Hilbert-space formalism, the time-dependent Hamiltonian is reduced into an equivalent time-independent one. Via computing the Floquet-Green's function, the Zeno-anti-Zeno crossover is controlled by the driving intensity and frequency and the detuning between the cavity and the two-level system.

  8. Efficient second-harmonic generation of continuous-wave Yb fiber lasers coupled with an external resonant cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, J. W.; Jeong, J.; Lee, K.; Lee, S. B.

    2012-09-01

    Efficient second-harmonic generation of continuous-wave Yb fiber lasers is reported. A simple bow-tie external resonant cavity incorporating a type I LBO nonlinear optical crystal was employed for second harmonic frequency conversion of a multi-longitudinal-mode Yb fiber laser. It is shown that strong coupling was formed between the Yb fiber laser and the external cavity and, as a result, the laser produced 9.1 W of green output at 535 nm for 43 W of absorbed diode pump power at 975 nm corresponding to an optical conversion efficiency of 21 % with respect to absorbed diode pump power. The prospects for further improvement are discussed.

  9. The effect of disorder on polaritons in a coupled array of cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aiyejina, Abuenameh; Andrews, Roger

    2016-04-01

    The effect of disorder in the intensity of the driving laser on a coupled array of cavities described by a Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian for dark-state polaritons is investigated. A canonically-transformed Gutzwiller wave function is used to investigate the phase diagram and dynamics of a one-dimensional system with uniformly distributed disorder in the Rabi frequency. In the phase diagram, we find the emergence of a Bose glass phase that increases in extent as the strength of the disorder increases. We study the dynamics of the system when subject to a ramp in the Rabi frequency which, starting from the superfluid phase, is decreased linearly and then increased to its initial value. We investigate the dependence of the density of excitations, the relaxation of the superfluid order parameter and the excess energy pumped into the system on the inverse ramp rate, τ. We find that, in the absence of disorder, the defect density oscillates with a constant envelope, while the relaxation of the order parameter and excess energy oscillate with τ-1.5 and τ-2 envelopes, respectively. In the presence of disorder in the Rabi frequency, the defect density oscillates with a decaying envelope, the relaxation of the order parameter no longer decreases as τ increases while the residual energy decreases as τ increases. The rate at which the envelope of the defect density decays increases with increasing disorder strength, while the excess energy falls off more slowly with increasing disorder strength.

  10. Modulation performance of semiconductor laser coupled with an ultra-short external cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, Moustafa; Bakry, Ahmed

    2016-02-01

    We present modeling on the evaluation of the modulation performance of semiconductor laser coupled with an ultra-short external cavity in terms of the intensity modulation (IM) response, relative intensity noise (RIN), carrier to noise ratio (CNR), and frequency chirp. The modulation is characterized along the period-doubling (PD) route to chaos induced by optical feedback (OFB). We focus on the possibility of increasing the modulation bandwidth by improving the carrier-photon resonance (CPR) frequency or inducing resonant modulation due to photon-photon resonance (PPR). We show that along the route to chaos, OFB could increase the CPR frequency and improve the 3 dB-modulation bandwidth from 19 GHz to 28 GHz. When strong OFB keeps the continuous wave (CW) operation or induces periodic oscillation (PO), PPR becomes significant and reveals resonance modulation over mm-frequency passband exceeding 50 GHz. Both CNR and frequency chirp are also enhanced around the CPR and PPR frequencies. The highest CNR peak is obtained when modulating the CW or PO laser, whereas the maximum peak of chirp corresponds to non-modulated chaotic laser.