Sample records for crisis group icg

  1. CrisisGroup

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The International Crisis Group (ICG) is a private, multinational organization "committed to strengthening the capacity of the international community to anticipate, understand and act to prevent and contain conflict." The ICG, which is chaired by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari, is headquartered in Brussels and has advocacy offices in Washington DC, New York, and Paris. The organization currently operates field projects in nineteen crisis-affected countries and four continents: Algeria, Burundi, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and Zimbabwe in Africa; Myanmar, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan in Asia; Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia in Europe; and Colombia in Latin America. Teams of political analysts gather information from a wide range of sources, assess local conditions, and produce regular analytical reports, containing "practical recommendations targeted at key international decision-takers." For those users interested in exploring publications on issues related to conflict prevention and management, this is definitely a place to start. The heading "Browse by publication type," located on the main website, will allow users to browse a variety of resoures such as reports, briefings, speeches, podcasts and other multimedia and the latest news releases.

  2. Fluorescence imaging of vascular endothelial growth factor in mice tumors using targeted liposome ICG probe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zanganeh, Saeid; Xu, Yan; Backer, Marina V.; Backer, Joseph M.; Zhu, Quing

    2013-03-01

    Indocyanine Green encapsulating liposomes (Lip/ICG) and scVEGF-Lip/ICG liposomes, decorated with site-specifically lipidated engineered single-chain vascular endothelial growth factor (scVEGF) for targeting VEGF receptors were tested as potential tracers for fluorescent tomography. Two groups of experiments were conducted with tumor-bearing mice (n=4 to 6 per group) with tumors placed in a scattering medium at the imaging depths of 1.5 and 2.0 cm. Lip/ICG and scVEGF-Lip/ICG were injected intravenously in the amounts corresponding to 5 nmol of ICG/mouse. We detected kinetics of increase and decline in fluorescent signals in tumors for both imaging depths and for both targeted and untargeted Lip/ICG. Maximum fluorescent signals were approximately 2-fold higher at 1.5 cm vs. 2.0 cm imaging. A signal from untargeted Lip/ICG reached maximum at 15 min post-injection and then rapidly declined with t1/2 ~15 min. In contrast, a signal from targeted scVEGF-Lip/ICG reached maximum at 30 min post-injection and then slow declined with t1/2 ~60-90 min. Preferential retention of scVEGF-Lip(ICG) vs. Lip(ICG) was confirmed by the analysis of fluorescence in cryosections of corresponding tumors, harvested at 400 min post-injection. Our results suggest that targeted scVEGF-Lip/ICG can provide for significantly better post-injection time window for detection of relatively deeply seated tumors.

  3. Module name: Interactive computer graphics Abbreviation: ICG

    E-print Network

    Ahlers, Volker - Fakultät IV

    Module name: Interactive computer graphics Abbreviation: ICG Study semester: 2 nd semester (SS: Computer Vision, cryptography and algorithms, computer graphics lecture in Bachelor study program Learning of current graphics hardware Methodological skills: Ability to evaluate and compare a computer's graphics

  4. ICG laser therapy of acne vulgaris

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tuchin, Valery V.; Altshuler, Gregory B.; Genina, Elina A.; Bashkatov, Alexey N.; Simonenko, Georgy V.; Odoevskaya, Olga D.; Yaroslavsky, Ilya V.

    2004-07-01

    The near-infrared (NIR) laser radiation due to its high penetration depth is widely used in phototherapy. In application to skin appendages a high selectivity of laser treatment is needed to prevent light action on surrounding tissues. Indocyanine Green (ICG) dye may provide a high selectivity of treatment due to effective ICG uploading by a target and its narrow band of considerable absorption just at the wavelength of the NIR diode laser. The goal of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of the NIR diode laser phototherapy in combination with topical application of ICG suggested for soft and thermal treatment of acne vulgaris. 28 volunteers with facile or back-located acne were enrolled. Skin sites of subjects were stained by ICG and irradiated by NIR laser-diode light (803 or 809 nm). Untreated, only stained and only light irradiated skin areas served as controls. For soft acne treatment, the low-intensity (803 nm, 10 - 50 mW/cm2, 5-10 min) or the medium-intensity (809 nm, 150 - 190 mW/cm2, 15 min) protocols were used. The single and multiple (up to 8-9) treatments were provided. The individual acne lesions were photothermally treated at 18 W/cm2 (803 nm, 0.5 sec) without skin surface cooling or at 200 W/cm2 (809 nm, 0.5 sec) with cooling. The results of the observations during 1-2 months after the completion of the treatment have shown that only in the case of the multiple-wise treatment a combined action of ICG and NIR irradiation reduces inflammation and improves skin state during a month without any side effects. At high power densities (up to 200 W/cm2) ICG stained acne inflammatory elements were destructed for light exposures of 0.5 sec. Based on the concept that hair follicle, especially sebaceous gland, can be intensively and selectively stained by ICG due to dye diffusion through pilosebaceous canal and its fast uptake by living microorganisms, by vital keratinocytes of epithelium of the canal and sebaceous duct, and by rapidly proliferating sebocytes, new technologies of soft and thermal acne lesions treatment that could be used in clinical treatment of acne were proposed.

  5. Club Goods and Group Identity: Evidence from Islamic Resurgence during the Indonesian Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2010-01-01

    This paper tests a model in which group identity in the form of religious intensity functions as ex post insurance. I exploit relative price shocks induced by the Indonesian financial crisis to demonstrate a causal relationship between economic distress and religious intensity (Koran study and Islamic school attendance) that is weaker for other forms of group identity. Consistent with ex

  6. Spatially resolved pharmacokinetic rate images of ICG using near-infrared optical methods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Burak Alacam; Birsen Yazici; Xavier Intes; Shoko Nioka; Britton Chance

    2006-01-01

    In this work, we present spatially resolved pharmacokinetic rate images of indocyanine green (ICG) obtained from three breast cancer patients using near infrared imaging methods. We used a two-compartment model, namely, plasma and extracellular extravascular (EES), to model ICG kinetics around the tumor region. We introduced extended Kalman filtering (EKF) framework to estimate the ICG pharmacokinetic rate images. The EKF

  7. Analysis of ICG Pharmacokinetics in Cancerous Tumors using NIR Optical Methods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Burak Alacam; Birsen Yazici; Xavier Intes; Britton Chance

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we present three different compartmental models to model the pharmacokinetics of Indocyanine green (ICG) in cancerous tumors. We introduce a systematic and robust method to analyze ICG pharmacokinetics based on extended Kalman filtering (EKF) framework. We introduced information theoretic criteria for best compartmental model selection in terms of statistical fit. We tested our approach using the ICG

  8. Perfusion measures from dynamic ICG scanning laser ophthalmoscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larkin, Sean; Invernizzi, Alessandro; Beecher, David; Staurenghi, Giovanni; Holmes, Tim

    2010-02-01

    Movies acquired from fundus imaging using Indocyanine Green (ICG) and a scanning laser ophthalmoscope provide information for identifying vascular and other retinal abnormalities. Today, the main limitation of this modality is that it requires esoteric training for interpretation. A straightforward interpretation of these movies by objective measurements would aid in eliminating this training barrier. A software program has been developed and tested that produces and visualizes 2D maps of perfusion measures. The program corrects for frame-to-frame misalignment caused by eye motion, including rigid misalignment and warp. The alignment method uses a cross-correlation operation that automatically detects the distance due to motion between adjacent frames. The d-ICG movie is further corrected by removing flicker and vignetting artifacts. Each pixel in the corrected movie sequence is fit with a least-squares spline to yield a smooth intensity temporal profile. From the dynamics of these intensity curves, several perfusion measures are calculated. The most effective of these measures include a metric that represents the amount of time required for a vessel to fill with dye, a metric that represents the diffusion of dye, and a metric that is affected by local blood volume. These metrics are calculated from movies acquired before and after treatment for a neovascular condition. A comparison of these before and after measures may someday provide information to the clinician that helps them to evaluate disease progression and response to treatment.

  9. Endoscopic ICG perfusion imaging for flap transplants: technical development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stepp, Herbert; Schachenmayr, Hilmar; Ehrhardt, André; Göbel, Werner; Zhorzel, Sven; Betz, Christian Stephan

    2010-02-01

    Objective: Following tumour surgery in the head and neck region, skin flap transplants are usually required to cover the resection area. The purpose of the development was to provide a simple and reliable means to assess whether the transplanted flap is sufficiently perfused. Methods: Fluorescence of intravenously injected Indocyanine green (ICG) was detected with a slightly modified 3-chip CCD camera. Appropriately coated optical filters allow for excitation of ICG with NIR light and detection of NIR ICGfluorescence with the blue channel of the camera. In addition, low intensities of white light can be transmitted to allow for simultaneous display of a remission image in the green and red channels of the camera. Further processing was performed with a LabVIEW program. Results: A satisfactory white light image (red, green and blue display (RGB)) could be calculated from the remission images recorded with the green and red channels of the camera via a look-up table. The look-up table was programmed to provide an optimized blue intensity value for each combination of red and green values. This was generated using a reference image. Implementation of image tracking and intensity measurements in regions of interest (ROIs) in the images is useful to reliably monitor perfusion kinetics of flap and adjacent normal tissue.

  10. Report of the Tort Policy Working Group on the Causes, Extent and Policy Implications of the Current Crisis in Insurance Availability and Affordability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Justice, Washington, DC.

    Causes and implications of the crisis in liability insurance availability and affordability are discussed in this report. The working group concluded that tort law is a major issue in the insurance crisis and that the federal government can address that issue. The group also concluded that the federal government can do little to remedy other…

  11. From Crisis to Transition: The State of Russian Science Based on Focus Groups with Nuclear Physicists

    SciTech Connect

    Gerber, T P; Ball, D Y

    2001-12-09

    The collapse of the Soviet system led to a sharp contraction of state funding for science. Formerly privileged scientists suddenly confronted miserly salaries (often paid late), plummeting social prestige, deteriorating research facilities and equipment, and few prospects for improvement. Many departed the field of science for more lucrative opportunities, both within Russia and abroad. The number of inventions, patent applications, and publications by Russian scientists declined. Reports of desperate nuclear physicists seeking work as tram operators and conducting hunger strikes dramatized the rapid collapse of one of the contemporary world's most successful scientific establishments. Even more alarming was the 1996 suicide of Vladimir Nechai, director of the second largest nuclear research center in Russia (Chelyabinsk-70, now known as Snezhinsk). Nechai, a respected theoretical physicist who spent almost 40 years working on Soviet and Russian nuclear programs, killed himself because he could no longer endure his inability to rectify a situation in which his employees had not been paid for more than 5 months and were ''close to starvation.'' The travails of Russia's scientists sparked interest in the West primarily because of the security threat posed by their situation. The seemingly relentless crisis in science raised fears that disgruntled scientists might sell their nuclear weapons expertise to countries or organizations that harbor hostile intentions toward the United States. Such concerns are particularly pressing in the wake of the September 2001 terrorist attacks in the US. At the same time, we should not overlook other critical implications that the state of Russian science has for Russia's long-term economic and political development. It is in the West's interest to see Russia develop a thriving market economy and stable democracy. A successful scientific community can help on both counts. Science and technology can attract foreign investment and fuel renewed economic progress in Russia. Russian scientists could also be an important source of support for democratic norms: sociologists of science have long argued that scientists tend to support democracy because it provides them with the freedom in which their research can flourish. At the same time, a more recent study suggests that funding shortages may override the researcher's need for freedom and drive scientists to align themselves with the economic policies espoused by Nationalists and Communists in order to survive. Therefore, much turns on the question: ''What is the state of science in Russia today?'' The good news is that focus group interviews with Russian nuclear physicists conducted in October 2001 suggest that the ''science in crisis'' image is one-sided and misleading. Though scientists still complained about low salaries, lack of respect in society, and other similar issues, the participants in the focus groups also expressed positive sentiments about recent changes in the field of science. To be sure, the financing of science remains at a considerably lower level than during the heyday of Soviet times. Yet, it is now possible to earn a decent living as a scientist because of the greater availability of foreign and domestic grants and contracts. In addition, state funding has stabilized over the past few years. Thus, it is more accurate to say that Russian science is in a state of transition rather than in a state of crisis.

  12. Interest of ICG blood clearance monitoring for reproducible 810-nm diode laser coagulation of blood vessels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desmettre, Thomas; Soulie-Begu, Sylvie; Devoisselle, Jean-Marie; Mordon, Serge R.

    1999-02-01

    Purpose: To evaluate a method of control of diode laser fluence leading to a reproducible ICG-enhanced selective photocoagulation of blood vessels. This method would use the chromophore clearance, i.e. ICG blood concentration decay to adapt the laser fluence. Materials and Methods: A skin flap window was used on hamsters. After a 15 mg/kg ICG solution injection, photocoagulation of vessels were performed. Results: Selective photocoagulation of blood vessels was obtained only during the first 10 minutes. The fluence required to obtain a selective photocoagulation of vessels (F) was modelized using a one compartment phamacokinetic equation: F equals Of(1-e-t/(tau )). The best fit was obtained for a time constant (tau) equals 4.8 min and Of equals 300 J/cm2 (correlation coefficient r2 equals 0.996). During the first 10 minutes, the fluence required for selective photocoagulation of vessels was increased by a factor 4.5. Conclusion: Fluence required for a selective photocoagulation of vessels was correlated to ICG blood concentration decay. The time constant was equivalent to ICG half-life time in human blood. These results demonstrate that diode laser ICG-enhanced photocoagulation can be controlled by monitoring the ICG blood clearance.

  13. ‘Battlelines for Suez’: The Abadan Crisis of 1951 and the Formation of the Suez Group

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sue Onslow

    2003-01-01

    The Abadan crisis was the initial phase of the protracted crisis in Anglo-Persian relations 1951–54, precipitated by Persia's nationalisation of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company in May 1951. For many in the Tory party, it provided the test run of British policy in the Middle East. It seemed to demonstrate what should be the appropriate British response to the challenge of

  14. Effects of ICG concentration on the optical properties of erythrocyte-derived nano-vectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Jack; Bahmani, Baharak; Burns, Joshua; Nuñez, Vicente; Mac, Jenny; Bacon, Danielle; Vullev, Valentine; Sun, Victor; Jia, Wangcun; Nelson, J. S.; Anvari, Bahman

    2015-03-01

    Erythrocyte-based nanoparticle platforms can offer long circulation times not offered by traditional drug delivery methods. We have developed a novel erythrocyte-based nanoparticle doped with indocyanine green (ICG), the only FDA-approved near-infrared chromophore. Here, we report on the absorption and fluorescence emission characteristics of these nanoparticles fabricated using ICG concentrations in the range of 161-323 ?M. These nanoparticles may serve as biocompatible optical materials for various clinical imaging and phototherapeutic applications.

  15. Drug delivery monitoring by photoacoustic tomography with an ICG encapsulated double emulsion

    PubMed Central

    Rajian, Justin Rajesh; Fabiilli, Mario L.; Fowlkes, J. Brian; Carson, Paul L.; Wang, Xueding

    2011-01-01

    The absorption spectrum of indocyanine green (ICG), a nontoxic dye used for medical diagnostics, depends upon its concentration as well as the nature of its environment, i.e., the solvent medium into which it is dissolved. In blood, ICG binds with plasma proteins, thus causing changes in its photoacoustic spectrum. We successfully encapsulated ICG in an ultrasound-triggerable perfluorocarbon double emulsion that prevents ICG from binding with plasma proteins. Photoacoustic spectral measurements on point target as well as 2-D photoacoustic images of blood vessels revealed that the photoacoustic spectrum changes significantly in blood when the ICG-loaded emulsion undergoes acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV), which is the conversion of liquid droplets into gas bubbles using ultrasound. We propose that these changes in the photoacoustic spectrum of the ICG emulsion in blood, coupled with photoacoustic tomography, could be used to spatially and quantitatively monitor ultrasound initiated drug delivery. In addition, we suggest that the photoacoustic spectral change induced by ultrasound exposure could also be used as contrast in photoacoustic imaging to obtain a background free image. PMID:21934797

  16. Endoilluminator phototoxic maculopathy associated with combined ICG-assisted epiretinal membrane and internal limiting membrane peeling

    PubMed Central

    Yonekawa, Yoshihiro; Abbey, Ashkan M; Shah, Ankoor R; Thomas, Benjamin J; Capone, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Phototoxic maculopathy caused by endoillumination during macular surgery is uncommon. Previously identified risk factors have included intensity of the light source, proximity to the retinal surface, and length of exposure. In the era of indocyanine green (ICG)-assisted internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, the use of ICG, and the technique of ILM peeling may both contribute to subsequent phototoxic maculopathy. We present cases of routine chromovitrectomy who developed phototoxic maculopathy in the precise discrete distribution of the ILM rhexes, and discuss potential mechanisms and implications. PMID:25525328

  17. Interdisciplinary Collaboration Grants Program The Division of Research has established the Interdisciplinary Collaboration Grants (ICG)

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Interdisciplinary Collaboration Grants Program The Division of Research has established the Interdisciplinary Collaboration Grants (ICG) Program to provide funds to facilitate the development to professional meetings is not allowed.) The award period for grants will not exceed one year. A proposal

  18. Extended Kalman Filtering for the Modeling and Analysis of ICG Pharmacokinetics using NIR Optical Methods

    E-print Network

    Yazici, Birsen

    , compartmental parameter estimation is a highly non-linear problem with limited data available in a clinical Filter, Indocyanine Green, Compartmental Analysis, Pharmacokinetics 1. INTRODUCTION NIR diffuse opticalExtended Kalman Filtering for the Modeling and Analysis of ICG Pharmacokinetics using NIR Optical

  19. Photothermal and photochemical effects of laser light absorption by indocyanine green (ICG)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yaseen, Mohammad A.; Diagaradjane, Parmeswaran; Pikkula, Brian M.; Yu, Jie; Wong, Michael S.; Anvari, Bahman

    2005-04-01

    Indocyanine Green (ICG) is clinically used as a fluorescent dye for imaging purposes. Its rapid circulation kinetics and minimal toxicity has prompted investigation into ICG's utility as a photosentitizer for therapeutic applications. Traditionally, optically mediated tumor therapy has focused on photodynamic therapy, which employs a photochemical mechanism resulting from the absorption of low intensity CW laser light by localized photosensitizers such as Photofrin II, Benzoporphyrin Derivative (BPD), ICG. Treatment of cutaneous vascular malformations such as port-wine stains, on the other hand, is based on a photothermal mechanism resulting from the absorption of high intensity pulsed laser light by hemoglobin. In this study, we compared the effectiveness of combining photochemical and photothermal mechanisms during application of ICG in conjunction with laser irradiation with the intention that the combined approach may lead to a reduction in the threshold dose of pulsed laser light required to treat hypervascular malformations. The blood vessels in rabbit ears were used as an in vivo model for targeted vasculature. Irradiation of the ears with IR light (?=785 nm, ?? = 3 min, Io = 120 mW) was used to elicit photochemical damage, while photothermal damage was brought about using pulses from a ruby laser (?=694 nm, ? = 3 ms) with different fluences. For the combined modality, photochemical damage was induced first and followed by photothermal irradiation. This modality was compared with photothermal irradiation alone. The effectiveness of each irradiation scheme was assessed using histopathological analysis. We present preliminary data that suggests that pretreatment with photodynamic therapy before photothermal coagulation results in more severe vascular damage with lower photothermal fluence levels. The results of this study provide the foundation work for further exploration of the therapeutic potentials of photochemical and photothermal effects during application of ICG in conjunction with laser irradiation.

  20. Organizational Responses to the Fatherhood Crisis: The Case of Fathers' Rights Groups in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jocelyn Elise Crowley

    SUMMARY. The emergence of fathers' rights groups, predominantly composed of men who have been personally affected by child support and custody laws, have been understudied up until this point. This arti- cle, based on 158 in-depth interviews, identifies individual motivations of members who join these groups, as well as their impressions on over- coming obstacles to further growth. Contrary to

  1. Predicting psychological ripple effects: the role of cultural identity, in-group/out-group identification, and attributions of blame in crisis communication.

    PubMed

    Anagondahalli, Deepa; Turner, Monique Mitchell

    2012-04-01

    Incidents of intentional food contamination can produce ripple effects in consumers such as reduced trust and increased anxiety. In their postcrisis communication, food companies often direct the blame at the perpetrator in an effort to mitigate potential losses and regain consumer trust. The attempt to placate consumers may, in itself, potentially create psychological ripple effects in message readers. This study examined the interacting influence of two message characteristics: identity of the perpetrator of the crime (in-group/out-group membership), and the attribution of blame (reason why the perpetrator committed the crime), with message receiver characteristic (cultural identity) on psychological ripple effects such as blame, trust, anxiety, and future purchase intention. Results indicated that although group membership of the perpetrator was not significant in predicting outcomes for the organization, the attribution communicated in the message was. American message receivers blamed the organization more and trusted it less when personal dispositional attributions were made about the perpetrator. Asian message receivers blamed the organization more and trusted it less when situational attributions were made about the perpetrator. Lowered trust in the company and increased anxiety correlated with lower purchase intent for both American and Asian message receivers. Implications for crisis message design are discussed. PMID:22050442

  2. Effect of capsid proteins to ICG mass ratio on fluorescent quantum yield of virus-resembling optical nano-materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gupta, Sharad; Ico, Gerardo; Matsumura, Paul; Rao, A. L. N.; Vullev, Valentine; Anvari, Bahman

    2012-03-01

    We recently reported construction of a new type of optical nano-construct composed of genome-depleted plant infecting brome mosaic virus (BMV) doped with Indocyanine green (ICG), an FDA-approved chromophore. We refer to these constructs as optical viral ghosts (OVGs) since only the capsid protein (CP) subunits of BMV remain to encapsulate ICG. To utilize OVGs as effective nano-probes in fluorescence imaging applications, their fluorescence quantum yield needs to be maximized. In this study, we investigate the effect of altering the CP to ICG mass ratio on the fluorescent quantum yield of OVGs. Results of this study provide the basis for construction of OVGs with optimal amounts of CP and ICG to yield maximal fluorescence quantum yield.

  3. In vivo non-ionizing photoacoustic mapping of sentinel lymph nodes and bladders with ICG-enhanced carbon nanotubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koo, Jasung; Jeon, Mansik; Oh, Yunok; Kang, Hyun Wook; Kim, Jeehyun; Kim, Chulhong; Oh, Junghwan

    2012-12-01

    We demonstrate the feasibility of mapping a sentinel lymph node (SLN) and urinary bladder by using modified single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as a nonionizing photoacoustic (PA) contrast agent. To improve the PA sensitivity, indocyanine green (ICG) was conjugated with SWNTs and the optical absorption of SWNTs-ICG was enhanced by approximately four times compared to that of plain SWNTs at a concentration of 0.3 µM. In vivo PA imaging results showed that the SLN and bladder were clearly visualized due to accumulation of SWNTs-ICG. This implies that the SWNTs-ICG could be potentially utilized to identify SLNs in breast cancer patients and tracking vesicoureteral reflux in combination with PA imaging.

  4. Advantages of fluorescence over diffuse reflectance measurements tested in phantom experiments with dynamic inflow of ICG

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Milej; M. Kacprzak; N. ?o?ek; P. Sawosz; A. Gerega; R. Maniewski; A. Liebert

    2010-01-01

    Time-resolved measurements of diffuse reflectance and fluorescence were carried out using phantom with dynamic inflow of indocyanine\\u000a green (ICG) in tubes located at different depths. Better sensitivity of fluorescence signals related to the inflow of the\\u000a dye was observed in comparison to simultaneously acquired diffuse reflectance. Obtained results can be referred to results\\u000a of in-vivo measurements. We have observed much

  5. ICG videoangiography at very low light level of choroidal neovascularization and of central serous choroidopathy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Longobardi, Giuseppe; Ciamberlini, Claudio; Guarnieri, Vittorio; Panzardi, G.; Donati, M. C.

    1996-01-01

    ICG videoangiography has widely demonstrated its importance as an investigation method in several ocular pathologies. By means of an optoelectronic system developed by the authors, many cases of age related macular degeneration and central serous coroidopathy affecting patients of different ages have been investigated. The analysis of the eye fundus infrared-light images obtained allows the clinician to draw medical conclusions otherwise not obtainable with traditional visible-light techniques. A comprehensive survey and discussion of the most significant cases are presented.

  6. Effect of bacterial lectin on acceleration of fat cell lipolysis at in vitro diode laser treatment using encapsulated ICG

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yanina, Irina Yu.; Kochubey, Vyacheslav I.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Portnov, Sergey A.; Svenskaya, Yuliya I.; Gorin, Dmitry A.; Ponomareva, Elena G.; Nikitina, Valentina E.

    2011-10-01

    The influence of bacterial lectin on photochemically induced fat cell lipolysis was studied. Resulting capsules were tested for ICG absorption by optical spectra measurements. To separate released and encapsulated ICG supernatant was removed and capsules were redispered in pure deionized water. Supernatant and capsule suspension spectra were measured separately. It was also found that pretreatment of tissue by lectin leads to acceleration of lipolysis at photochemical treatment. The data obtained can be used to enhance efficiency of photochemical therapy.

  7. Effect of bacterial lectin on acceleration of fat cell lipolysis at in vitro diode laser treatment using encapsulated ICG

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yanina, Irina Yu.; Kochubey, Vyacheslav I.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Portnov, Sergey A.; Svenskaya, Yuliya I.; Gorin, Dmitry A.; Ponomareva, Elena G.; Nikitina, Valentina E.

    2012-03-01

    The influence of bacterial lectin on photochemically induced fat cell lipolysis was studied. Resulting capsules were tested for ICG absorption by optical spectra measurements. To separate released and encapsulated ICG supernatant was removed and capsules were redispered in pure deionized water. Supernatant and capsule suspension spectra were measured separately. It was also found that pretreatment of tissue by lectin leads to acceleration of lipolysis at photochemical treatment. The data obtained can be used to enhance efficiency of photochemical therapy.

  8. ICG angiography predicts burn scarring within 48h of injury in a porcine vertical progression burn model.

    PubMed

    Fourman, Mitchell S; McKenna, Peter; Phillips, Brett T; Crawford, Laurie; Romanelli, Filippo; Lin, Fubao; McClain, Steve A; Khan, Sami U; Dagum, Alexander B; Singer, Adam J; Clark, Richard A F

    2015-08-01

    The current standard of care in determining the need to excise and graft a burn remains with the burn surgeon, whose clinical judgment is often variable. Prior work suggests that minimally invasive perfusion technologies are useful in burn prognostication. Here we test the predictive capabilities of Laser Doppler Imaging (LDI) and indocyanine green dye (ICG) angiography in the prediction of burn scarring 28 days after injury using a previously validated porcine burn model that shows vertical progression injury. Twelve female Yorkshire swine were burned using a 2.5×2.5cm metal bar at variable temperature and application times to create distinct burn depths. Six animals (48 injuries total) each were analyzed with LDI or ICG angiography at 1, 24, 48, and 72h following injury. A linear regression was then performed correlating perfusion measurements against wound contraction at 28 days after injury. ICG angiography showed a peak linear correlate (r(2)) of .63 (95% CI .34 to .92) at 48h after burn. This was significantly different from the LDI linear regression (p<.05), which was measured at r(2) of .20 (95% CI .02 to .39). ICG angiography linear regression was superior to LDI at all timepoints. Findings suggest that ICG angiography may have significant potential in the prediction of long-term burn outcomes. PMID:25499407

  9. ICG-dyed albumin and diode laser heating for soldering of the trachea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shapira, Lior; Rabi, Yaron; Vasserman, Irena; Vasilyev, Tamar; Sharvit, Dan; Hardy, Amos; Katzir, Abraham

    2006-02-01

    Laser tissue soldering is a technique for the closure of incisions, which provides an immediate air- and watertight bond. Previous studies have shown that this method can bond tracheal incisions with the aid of stay sutures or solid albumin strips. In this study we investigated whether soldering using a diode laser and indocyanine green (ICG) dyed liquid albumin solution as solder, was efficacious for the repair of tracheal incisions without the need for additional strengthening aids. A transverse incision was made in isolated pig tracheas. The incision was smeared with liquid solder composed of 42% bovine albumin and 0.1 mg/ml ICG, and soldered using a temperature-controlled fiberoptic diode laser system. The soldered tracheal ends were sealed and the burst pressure measured. In a series of experiments the burst pressure was found to be higher than 382 mm Hg. These preliminary results demonstrate that diode laser tissue soldering of tracheal incisions provides better results than with a CO2 laser, and that it is possible to achieve considerable soldering strength without the use of any additional strengthening procedures.

  10. Laser-initiated decomposition products of indocyanine green (ICG) and carbon black sensitized biological tissues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kokosa, John M.; Przyjazny, Andrzej; Bartels, Kenneth E.; Motamedi, Massoud; Hayes, Donald J.; Wallace, David B.; Frederickson, Christopher J.

    1997-05-01

    Organic dyes have found increasing use a s sensitizers in laser surgical procedures, due to their high optical absorbances. Little is known, however, about the nature of the degradation products formed when these dyes are irradiated with a laser. Previous work in our laboratories has shown that irradiation of polymeric and biological tissues with CO2 and Nd:YAG lasers produces a host of volatile and semivolatile by-products, some of which are known to be potential carcinogens. This work focuses on the identification of the chemical by-products formed by diode laser and Nd:YAG laser irradiation of indocyanine green (ICG) and carbon black based ink sensitized tissues, including bone, tendon and sheep's teeth. Samples were mounted in a 0.5-L Pyrex sample chamber equipped with quartz optical windows, charcoal filtered air inlet and an outlet attached to an appropriate sample trap and a constant flow pump. By-products were analyzed by GC/MS and HPLC. Volatiles identified included benzene and formaldehyde. Semi-volatiles included traces of polycyclic aromatics, arising from the biological matrix and inks, as well as fragments of ICG and the carbon ink components. The significance of these results will be discussed, including the necessity of using appropriate evacuation devices when utilizing lasers for surgical procedures.

  11. Contrast-enhanced diffuse optical tomography of brain perfusion in humans using ICG

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Habermehl, Christina; Schmitz, Christoph; Steinbrink, Jens

    2012-02-01

    Regular monitoring of brain perfusion at the bedside in neurointensive care is desirable. Currently used imaging modalities are not suited for constant monitoring and often require a transport of the patient. Noninvasive near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in combination with an injection of a safe dye (indocyanine green, ICG) could serve as a quasi-continuous brain perfusion monitor. In this work, we evaluate prerequisites for the development of a brain perfusion monitor using continuous wave (cw) NIRS technique. We present results from a high-resolution diffuse optical tomography (HR-DOT) experiment in humans demonstrating the separation of signals from skin from the brain. This technique can help to monitor neurointensive care patients on a regular basis, detecting changes in cortical perfusion in time.

  12. ICG enhanced co-registered diffuse optical tomography and photoacoustic tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Chen; Kumavor, Patrick D.; Xu, Yan; Zhu, Quing

    2013-03-01

    To overcome the intensive light scattering in the biological tissue, diffuse optical tomography (DOT) in the near infrared range for breast lesion detection usually is combined with other imaging modalities such as ultrasound, X-ray, and MRI, to provide guidance. However, the guided imaging modalities may depend on different contrast mechanics compared to the optical contrast in the DOT. As a result, they can't provide reliable guidance for diffuse optical tomography because some lesions may not be detectable by a non-optical modality but yet have high optical contrast. An imaging modality which can provide the guidance from optical contrast is desirable for DOT. In this paper, we present a system that combines diffuse optical tomography and photoacoustic tomography (PAT), to detect and characterize the deeply-seated targets embedded in a turbid medium. Photoacoustic tomography utilizes a short-pulsed laser beam to penetrate into tissue diffusively. Upon absorption of the light by the target, photoacoustic waves are generated and used to reconstruct, at ultrasound resolution, the optical absorption distribution that reveals optical contrast. The combined system used in the experiment combines a 64-channel photoacoustic system with a frequency-domain diffused optical system. To further improve the contrast, the exogenous contrast agent, indocyanine green (ICG) is used. Our experiment results show that the combined system can detect a tumormimicking phantom up to 2.5 cm in depth and 10 ?M in concentration. Mice experiments also confirmed that the combined system can detect the tumor region and monitor the ICG uptake and washout in the tumor region. This method can potentially improve the accuracy to detect the small breast lesions or any lesions which are sensitive to the reference change, such as the lesions located on the chest wall.

  13. Consequences of players' dismissal in professional soccer: a crisis-related analysis of group-size effects.

    PubMed

    Bar-Eli, Michael; Tenenbaum, Gershon; Geister, Sabine

    2006-10-01

    This study documents the effect of players' dismissals on team performance in professional soccer. Our aim was to determine whether the punishment meted out for unacceptable player behaviour results in reduced team performance. The official web site of the German Soccer Association was used for coding data from games played in the first Bundesliga between the 1963 - 64 and 2003 - 04 (n = 41) seasons. A sample of 743 games where at least one red card was issued was used to test hypotheses derived from crisis theory (Bar-Eli & Tenenbaum, 1989a). Players' dismissals weaken a sanctioned team in terms of the goals and final score following the punishment. The chances of a sanctioned team scoring or winning were substantially reduced following the sanction. Most cards were issued in the later stages of matches. The statistics pertaining to outcome results as a function of game standing, game location, and time phases - all strongly support the view that teams can be considered conceptually similar to individuals regarding the link between stress and performance. To further develop the concept of team and individual psychological performance crisis in competition, it is recommended that reversal theory (Apter, 1982) and self-monitoring and distraction theories (Baumeister, 1984) be included in the design of future investigations pertaining to choking under pressure. PMID:17115523

  14. Preparing for a Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perea, Rosalie D.; Morrison, Shirley

    1997-01-01

    To handle unforeseen crises, Albuquerque Public Schools established a critical-incident response team with a simple, understandable chain of command. The group aims to ensure maximum safety and people' well-being, develop a districtwide crisis-response-management plan, coordinate necessary training, and collaborate with community agencies…

  15. Experiences with TRIDEC's Crisis Management Demonstrator in the Turkish NEAMWave12 exercise tsunami scenario

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hammitzsch, Martin; Necmioglu, Ocal; Lendholt, Matthias; Reißland, Sven; Schulz, Jana; Aksari, Dogan; Koseoglu, Aysegul; Ozer, Ceren; Comoglu, Mustafa; Meral Ozel, Nurcan; Wächter, Joachim

    2013-04-01

    On November 27-28, 2012, the Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI) joined other countries in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas (NEAM) region as participants in an international tsunami response exercise. The exercise, titled NEAMWave12, simulated widespread Tsunami Watch situations throughout the NEAM region. It is the first international exercise as such, in this region, where the UNESCO-IOC ICG/NEAMTWS tsunami warning chain has been tested to a full scale for the first time with different systems. One of the systems is developed in the project Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crises (TRIDEC) and has been validated in this exercise among others by KOERI. KOERI, representing the Tsunami National Contact (TNC) and Tsunami Warning Focal Point (TWFP) for Turkey, is one of the key partners in TRIDEC. KOERI is responsible for the operation of a National Tsunami Warning Centre (NTWC) for Turkey and establishes candidate Tsunami Watch Provider (TWP) responsibilities for the Eastern Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara and Black Seas. Based on this profound experience KOERI is contributing valuable requirements to the overall TRIDEC system and is responsible for the definition and development of feasible tsunami-related scenarios in the context of UNESCO-IOC ICG/NEAMTWS activities. However, KOERI's, most important input focuses on testing and evaluating the TRIDEC system according to specified evaluation and validation criteria in order to meet ICG/NEAMTWS requirements. The TRIDEC system will be implemented in three phases, each with a demonstrator. Successively, the demonstrators are addressing related challenges. The first and second phase system demonstrator, deployed at KOERI's crisis management room has been designed and implemented, firstly, to support plausible scenarios for the Turkish NTWC to demonstrate the treatment of simulated tsunami threats with an essential subset of a NTWC. Secondly, the feasibility and the potentials of the implemented approach are demonstrated covering ICG/NEAMTWS standard operations as well as tsunami detection and alerting functions beyond ICG/NEAMTWS requirements. The demonstrator presented addresses information management and decision-support processes for a hypothetical tsunami-related crisis situation in the context of the ICG/NEAMTWS NEAMWave12 exercise. Experiences and results gained with the TRIDEC system during the exercise will be reported.

  16. Project highlight: GeoCollaborative crisis management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan M. MacEachren; Sven Fuhrmann; Michael D. McNeese; Guoray Cai; Rajeev Sharma

    2005-01-01

    The major natural disasters that occurred in the last few months have shown the importance and necessity for collaborative, international crisis management. Current geoinformation technologies are potentially powerful tools for mitigation, preparation, response, and recovery tasks in crisis situations; however, they fail to support group work and have typically been designed without scientific understanding of how groups (or groups of

  17. The Crisis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Crisis is the official magazine of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and it was founded by W.E.B. Du Bois in 1910. The title of the magazine is taken from a poem by James Russell Lowell titled "The Present Crisis". In his first editorial written for the magazine, Du Bois remarked that "its editorial page will stand for the rights of men, irrespective of color or race, for the highest ideals of American democracy, and for reasonable but earnest and persistent attempts to gain these rights and realize these ideals." Today, The Crisis continues as a current-affairs journal, and a recent digitization project sponsored by Google has made the complete run of the publication available here. As with many other digitized books and magazines on Google Books, visitors can browse through each issue or perform a more detailed keyword search across the entire collection.

  18. Intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green-videoangiography (ICG-VA) and graphic analysis of fluorescence intensity in cerebral aneurysm surgery.

    PubMed

    Oda, Jumpei; Kato, Yoko; Chen, S F; Sodhiya, Paresh; Watabe, T; Imizu, S; Oguri, D; Sano, H; Hirose, Y

    2011-08-01

    We present our preliminary experience with intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green-videoangiography (ICG-VA) and analysis of blood flow dynamics using fluorescence intensity assessment in cerebral aneurysm clipping surgery. Thirty-nine patients with 43 intracranial aneurysms underwent microsurgical clipping. Intraoperative ICG-VA was performed before and after clip application. An infrared fluorescence module integrated into a surgical microscope was used to visualize fluorescence in the surgical field and we recorded the emitted fluorescent light. An integrated analytical visualization tool simultaneously analyzed the video sequence and converted it into an intensity diagram, which allowed an objective evaluation of the results rather than the subjective assessment of fluorescence using ICG-VA. Overall, ICG-VA was performed 137 times. Incomplete clipping was detected in four patients, which allowed suitable adjustment to completely obliterate the aneurysm. In 12 patients, perforators arising close to, or from, the aneurysmal neck were identified in the surgical field. In three patients, the ICG-VA intensity diagram provided valuable information leading to modification of the primary surgical maneuver. ICG-VA provides high resolution images allowing real-time assessment of the blood flow in the parent artery and arterial branches, including the perforators. The intensity diagram is useful for providing a more objective record of the hemodynamics than the traditional ICG-VA, which relies more on subjective assessment and may allow interobserver variability. We conclude that ICG-VA, combined with the intensity diagram, can reduce the morbidity and complications associated with aneurysm clipping and improve patient outcomes. PMID:21715173

  19. Activatable thermo-sensitive ICG encapsulated pluronic nanocapsules for temperature sensitive fluorescence tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwong, Tiffany C.; Nouizi, Farouk; Sampathkumaran, Uma; Zhu, Yue; Alam, Maksudul M.; Gulsen, Gultekin

    2015-03-01

    Fluorescent tomography has been hindered by poor tissue penetration and weak signal which results in poor spatial resolution and quantification accuracy. Recently, it has been reported that activatable temperature responsive fluorescent probes which respond to focused ultrasound heating can improve the resolution and quantification of fluorescent tomography in deep tissue. This has lead to a new imaging modality, "Temperature-modulated fluorescent tomography." This technique relies on activatable thermo-sensitive fluorescent nanocapsules for whose fluorescence quantum efficiency is temperature dependent. Within a 4-5° C temperature range, the fluorescent signal increase more than 10-fold. In this molecular probe, Indocyanine Green (ICG) is encapsulated inside the core of a thermo-reversible pluronic micelle. Here we show the fluorescence response and temperature range of the nanocapsules which have been optimized for a higher temperature range to be used for in vivo animal imaging. We report on the feasibility of these temperature-sensitive reversible nanocapsules for in vivo applications by studying the pharmacokinetics in a subcutaneous mouse tumor model in vivo.

  20. Assessment of Liver Remnant Using ICG Clearance Intraoperatively during Vascular Exclusion: Early Experience with the ALIIVE Technique

    PubMed Central

    Lau, Lawrence; Christophi, Christopher; Nikfarjam, Mehrdad; Starkey, Graham; Goodwin, Mark; Weinberg, Laurence; Ho, Loretta

    2015-01-01

    Background. The most significant risk following major hepatectomy is postoperative liver insufficiency. Current preoperative assessment of the future liver remnant relies upon assumptions which may not be valid in the setting of advanced resection strategies. This paper reports the feasibility of the ALIIVE technique which assesses the liver remnant with ICG clearance intraoperatively during vascular exclusion. Methods. 10 patients undergoing planned major liver resection (hemihepatectomy or greater) were recruited. Routine preoperative assessment included CT and standardized volumetry. ICG clearance was measured noninvasively using a finger spectrophotometer at various time points including following parenchymal transection during inflow and outflow occlusion before vascular division, the ALIIVE step. Results. There were one case of mortality and three cases of posthepatectomy liver failure. The patient who died had the lowest ALIIVE ICG clearance (7.1%/min versus 14.4 ± 4.9). Routine preoperative CT and standardized volumetry did not predict outcome. Discussion/Conclusion. The novel ALIIVE technique is feasible and assesses actual future liver remnant function before the point of no return during major hepatectomy. This technique may be useful as a check step to offer a margin of safety to prevent posthepatectomy liver failure and death. Further confirmatory studies are required to determine a safety cutoff level.

  1. Crisis Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents summaries of four articles relevant to school crisis response. The first article, "Peritraumatic Dissociation Predicts Posttraumatic Stress in Youth Following Accidents" summarized by Jim Matthews, suggests that peritraumatic dissociation is a powerful predictor of PTSD symptoms among youth who have been in a car accident. The…

  2. Deep Crisis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This page investigates the problems associated with migratory fish, salmon and tuna, with videos from the "Deep Crisis" television episode, related website articles and student activities, and an interactive ocean game that tests knowledge of what creature lives at what depth. The videos feature marine biologists helping salmon get around dams in the Columbia-Snake river system and then out to sea, working to save salmon stock in Maine and eastern Canada, and cooperating with tuna fisherman to manage the bluefin stock. The videos total approximately one hour in length. The articles explore fish catch numbers in China, cleaning the waters of the Boston Harbor, and policy decisions that affect access to the ocean and its resources.

  3. [Crisis and crisis therapy (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Culberg, J

    1978-02-01

    A psychic crisis is defined as a reaction to external events where the individual is unable to cope with these events by means of his usual adaptive mechanisms and earlier experiences. Examples of a traumatic crisis is the death of a near relative, the sudden onset of a severe illness, a sudden infidelity in marriage etc. So called transitional life situations may also elicit crisis reaction, i.e. the birth of a first child, retirement from work etc. A psychic crisis is often overdetermined from experiences in early childhood. The more "pure" crisis reactions are often seen in medical or surgical clinics while the psychiatrists usually meet the overdetermined crisis reaction. Four different phases of the crisis reaction are described. The goal of crisis therapy is to support the individual's and his surroundings own resources. It is not to replace the loss or to help the individual deny the emotional impact of what has happened. The function of the therapist can often be described in terms of "containing function" and "vicarious hope". Listening to a client in acute crisis often evokes feelings of anxiety and helplessness in the therapist. He often feels seduced to behave omnipotently, helping the patient to suppress the feelings of sorrow and anger. He may also be overprotective or may avoid discussing the pertinent feelings. The antitherapeutic risks of crisis psychotherapy are discussed and also illustrated with examples from the author's research on reactions of mothers to the birth of stillborn children. PMID:643976

  4. GeoCollaborative: Crisis Management

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The GeoCollaborative brings together researchers interested in finding ways to develop information science and technology to support crisis management. Managing crisis events, such as hurricanes, forest fires, disease outbreaks, chemical spills, and terrorist attacks, involves gathering "geospatial information about the event itself, its causes, the people and infrastructure affected, resources available to respond, and more." The research team addresses "two fundamental problems that impede effective coordinated work with geospatial information." Working from a cognitive systems engineering approach, the group is developing geospatial information and technologies to address these challenges. The website provides an overview of GeoCollaborative's approach and a few selected publications.

  5. Images for Crisis Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raffan, James

    1984-01-01

    Most take canoeing, leadership, first aid, CPR and other courses to help cope when something happens, but there is more to dealing with crisis than learning proper procedures and techniques. Three areas of concern interlock to form the Crisis Management Triangle: knowledge and skill, preventive awareness, and crisis management planning. (ERB)

  6. Three-dimensional dynamics of temperature fields in phantoms and biotissue under IR laser photothermal therapy using gold nanoparticles and ICG dye

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akchurin, Georgy G.; Garif, Akchurin G.; Maksimova, Irina L.; Skaptsov, Alexander A.; Terentyuk, Georgy S.; Khlebtsov, Boris N.; Khlebtsov, Nikolai G.; Tuchin, Valery V.

    2010-02-01

    We describe applications of silica (core)/gold (shell) nanoparticles and ICG dye to photothermal treatment of phantoms, biotissue and spontaneous tumor of cats and dogs. The laser irradiation parameters were optimized by preliminary experiments with laboratory rats. Three dimensional dynamics of temperature fields in tissue and solution samples was measured with a thermal imaging system. It is shown that the temperature in the volume region of nanoparticles localization can substantially exceed the surface temperature recorded by the thermal imaging system. We have demonstrated effective optical destruction of cancer cells by local injection of plasmon-resonant gold nanoshells and ICG dye followed by continuous wave (CW) diode laser irradiation at wavelength 808 nm.

  7. Improving drug accumulation and photothermal efficacy in tumor depending on size of ICG loaded lipid-polymer nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Pengfei; Zheng, Mingbin; Yue, Caixia; Luo, Zhenyu; Gong, Ping; Gao, Guanhui; Sheng, Zonghai; Zheng, Cuifang; Cai, Lintao

    2014-07-01

    A key challenge to strengthen anti-tumor efficacy is to improve drug accumulation in tumors through size control. To explore the biodistribution and tumor accumulation of nanoparticles, we developed indocyanine green (ICG) loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) -lecithin-polyethylene glycol (PEG) core-shell nanoparticles (INPs) with 39 nm, 68 nm and 116 nm via single-step nanoprecipitation. These INPs exhibited good monodispersity, excellent fluorescence and size stability, and enhanced temperature response after laser irradiation. Through cell uptake and photothermal efficiency in vitro, we demonstrated that 39 nm INPs were more easily be absorbed by pancreatic carcinoma tumor cells (BxPC-3) and showed better photothermal damage than that of 68 nm and 116 nm size of INPs. Simultaneously, the fluorescence of INPs offered a real-time imaging monitor for subcellular locating and in vivo metabolic distribution. Near-infrared imaging in vivo and photothermal therapy illustrated that 68 nm INPs showed the strongest efficiency to suppress tumor growth due to abundant accumulation in BxPC-3 xenograft tumor model. The findings revealed that a nontoxic, size-dependent, theranostic INPs model was built for in vivo cancer imaging and photothermal therapy without adverse effect. PMID:24776486

  8. Single-step assembly of DOX/ICG loaded lipid--polymer nanoparticles for highly effective chemo-photothermal combination therapy.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Mingbin; Yue, Caixia; Ma, Yifan; Gong, Ping; Zhao, Pengfei; Zheng, Cuifang; Sheng, Zonghai; Zhang, Pengfei; Wang, Zhaohui; Cai, Lintao

    2013-03-26

    A combination of chemotherapy and photothermal therapy has emerged as a promising strategy for cancer therapy. To ensure the chemotherapeutic drug and photothermal agent could be simultaneously delivered to a tumor region to exert their synergistic effect, a safe and efficient delivery system is highly desirable. Herein, we fabricated doxorubicin (DOX) and indocyanine green (ICG) loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-lecithin-polyethylene glycol (PEG) nanoparticles (DINPs) using a single-step sonication method. The DINPs exhibited good monodispersity, excellent fluorescence/size stability, and consistent spectra characteristics compared with free ICG or DOX. Moreover, the DINPs showed higher temperature response, faster DOX release under laser irradiation, and longer retention time in tumor. In the meantime, the fluorescence of DOX and ICG in DINPs was also visualized for the process of subcellular location in vitro and metabolic distribution in vivo. In comparison with chemo or photothermal treatment alone, the combined treatment of DINPs with laser irradiation synergistically induced the apoptosis and death of DOX-sensitive MCF-7 and DOX-resistant MCF-7/ADR cells, and suppressed MCF-7 and MCF-7/ADR tumor growth in vivo. Notably, no tumor recurrence was observed after only a single dose of DINPs with laser irradiation. Hence, the well-defined DINPs exhibited great potential in targeting cancer imaging and chemo-photothermal therapy. PMID:23413798

  9. Participation in crisis decision making

    E-print Network

    Marsico, Dale Joseph

    1973-01-01

    was found for each combination. The strategic military crisis was the Cuban Missile. Crisis, the strategic non-military crisis was the U-2 crisis, the nonistrategic non-m515. tary crisis was the seizure of the Pueblo, and the non-strategic military crisis... narrative materials concerning four political events since the end of World War II that are generally considered foreign policy crises: the Cuban Missile Crisis, the U-2 Crisis, the Korean Decision, and the Pueblo Crisis. Thi. s research investigates...

  10. Hypertensive crisis in children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jayanthi Chandar; Gastón Zilleruelo

    Hypertensive crisis is rare in children and is usually secondary to an underlying disease. There is strong evidence that the\\u000a renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the genesis of hypertensive crisis. An important principle in the management\\u000a of children with hypertensive crisis is to determine if severe hypertension is chronic, acute, or acute-on-chronic. When it\\u000a is associated with signs

  11. US health care crisis.

    PubMed

    Ciri?, Ivan

    2013-01-01

    The United States health care is presently challenged by a significant economic crisis. The purpose of this report is to introduce the readers of Medicinski Pregled to the root causes of this crisis and to explain the steps undertaken to reform health care in order to solve the crisis. It is hoped that the information contained in this report will be of value, if only in small measure, to the shaping of health care in Serbia. PMID:24245454

  12. Maintenance Crisis vs Solutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haggard, Susie

    Industrial maintenance in Northeast Georgia is facing an acute crisis. Contributing factors are economic development that is depleting the work force, aging of the population, downsizing of the military, and lack of technical school graduates. Solutions to the crisis fall into three categories: short-term, mid-term, and long-term. For short-term…

  13. Knowledge communication: a key to successful crisis management.

    PubMed

    Johansson, Anders; Härenstam, Malin

    2013-09-01

    A winning concept of crisis management can be summarized in 2 words: knowledge communication. If decision makers, communicators, experts, and the public understand what the crisis is about and share their knowledge, the process of handling it will be optimized. Effective crisis communication implies the necessity of an unhindered but purposeful exchange of information within and between authorities, organizations, media, involved individuals, and groups before, during, and after a crisis. This article focuses on the importance of the before, or prevention, part of a crisis since it holds a rich possibility to enhance the chances for successful crisis management of a bioterrorism incident. An extended perspective on crisis communication efficiently links to a more thorough understanding of risk perception with various stakeholders and the public, which also will be helpful for situational awareness. Furthermore, the grounded baseline for the dialogue type of crisis communication suitable in modern society and to modern social media is achieved by linking to those risk communication efforts that are made. The link between risk and crisis should be afforded more attention since, especially in biosecurity, there would be no crisis without risk negligence and poor or malfunctioning preventive efforts. PMID:23971816

  14. Lay perception Crisis 1 Running head: Lay perception Financial Crisis

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Lay perception Crisis 1 Running head: Lay perception Financial Crisis Human Foibles or Systemic Failure -- Lay Perceptions of the 2008-09 Financial Crisis David Leiser Ben-Gurion University Sacha-39" #12;Lay perception Crisis 2 Abstract We examined lay perceptions of the recent financial and economic

  15. ICG-liver test versus new biomarkers as prognostic markers for prolonged length of stay in critically ill patients - a prospective study of accuracy for prediction of length of stay in the ICU

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Prognostic abilities of medical parameters, which are scoring systems, measurements and biomarkers, are important for stratifying critically ill patients. Indocyanine green plasma disappearance (ICG-PDR) is an established clinical tool for the assessment of liver perfusion and function. Copeptin, MR-proANP and pro-ADM are biomarkers whose prognostic value is still unclear. The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate ICG-PDR, copeptin, MR-proANP and pro-ADM to predict prolonged length of stay (pLOS) in the ICU. Methods This study was conducted as a prospective single center study including 110 consecutively admitted ICU patients. Primary endpoint was prolonged length of stay (pLOS) in the ICU, defined as more than three days of stay there. Results ROC analysis showed an AUC of 0.73 for ICG-PDR, 0.70 for SAPS II, 0.65 for MR-proANP, 0.64 for pro-ADM and 0.54 for copeptin for pLOS in the ICU. Conclusions The prediction of pLOS in the ICU might be better by means of ICG-PDR than with the new biomarkers copeptin, MR-proANP or pro-ADM. Nevertheless, there is more need for research to evaluate whether ICG-PDR is an overall prognostic marker for pLOS. Trial registration (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01126554). PMID:25045579

  16. Nepal Backgrounder: Ceasefire - Soft Landing or Strategic Pause?

    E-print Network

    International Crisis Group

    2003-04-10

    NEPAL BACKGROUNDER: CEASEFIRE – SOFT LANDING OR STRATEGIC PAUSE? 10 April 2003 ICG Asia Report N°50 Kathmandu/Brussels TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY... ............................................................................................................. 25 APPENDICES A. MAP OF NEPAL ...................................................................................................................26 B. ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP...

  17. Causes and Consequences of the Urban Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Univ., St. Louis. Extension Div.

    A cooperative presentation of the University of Missouri, St. Louis, Extension Division and the Missouri Department of Community Affairs, this project was designed as a reference for discussion groups of all types, to give perspective and direction in the search for an understanding of the complex situations which contribute to the crisis in…

  18. When Crisis Strikes on Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Wendy Ann, Ed.

    This handbook aids in planning for effective crisis communication at institutions of higher education. The book opens with a behind-the-scenes look at a particular crisis--the 1990 murders of five students at the University of Florida. This first section offers tested advice from a campus communicator, an account of the crisis and the…

  19. Keeping Cool in a Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padgett, Raven

    2006-01-01

    Many schools are able to avoid disasters by creating a strong, deliberate crisis plan and knowing how to implement it effectively. Good crisis preparedness requires leadership from the top, a critical mass of trained staff members, careful planning, and excellent communication. This article discusses how to prepare for a crisis.

  20. Reefs in Crisis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This online article, from "The Biodiversity Crisis: Losing What Counts", walks students through the risks humans pose to the survival of coral reefs and conservation efforts. It discusses the forces behind damage to the reefs and recent protection efforts, including the creation of sanctuaries, good land management, and public awareness campaigns.

  1. Crisis in the Cafeteria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Patrick

    1998-01-01

    Because schools are entrusted with children's safety, any crisis (particularly food poisoning) affecting that inviolable trust is fodder for a ravenous media. Proactive school business officials and food-service personnel work together to publicize the school nutrition department's good work. Communicating clearly and assigning a food-service…

  2. California's Electricity Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul L. Joskow

    2001-01-01

    This paper discusses the political, regulatory and economic factors that led to California's electricity crisis in 2000 and 2001. It begins with a discussion of the origins of California's electricity restructuring and competition programs. It then discusses the structure of the wholesale and retail markets and associated transition institutions created in 1996-98 and the performance of these institutions during their

  3. Out of the crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Edwards Deming

    2000-01-01

    According to W. Edwards Deming, American companies require nothing less than a transformation of management style and of governmental relations with industry. In Out of the Crisis, originally published in 1982, Deming offers a theory of management based on his famous 14 Points for Management. Management's failure to plan for the future, he claims, brings about loss of market, which

  4. Cuban Missile Crisis Documents

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Christopher Griffith

    These documents chronicle the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis. On October 15, 1962, the Soviet Union was discovered attempting to install nuclear missiles in Cuba. These missiles would have been capable of quickly reaching the United States. President Kennedy responded with a naval blockade. After several days of increasing tensions, the Soviet Union finally agreed to remove the missiles.

  5. Crisis Management Research Summaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Zhe, Elizabeth; Torem, Chris; Comeaux, Natashia; Dempsey, Allison

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a summary of recent crisis management publications. The first research report summarized, "Predictors of PTSD," was a study of predictor variables for responses to the World Trade Center attack. The second paper, "Effective Mental Health Response to Catastrophic Events," looked at effective responses following Hurricane…

  6. Crisis Counseling: An Overview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandoval, Jonathan; Scott, Amy Nicole; Padilla, Irene

    2009-01-01

    Psychologists working in schools are often the first contacts for children experiencing a potentially traumatizing event or change in status. This article reviews basic concepts in crisis counseling and describes the components of psychological first aid. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as…

  7. Map-Mediated GeoCollaborative Crisis Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guoray Cai; Alan M. Maceachren; Isaac Brewer; Michael D. Mcneese; Rajeev Sharma; Sven Fuhrmann

    2005-01-01

    Managing crises requires collecting geographical intelligence and making spatial decisions through collaborative efforts among multiple, distributed agencies and task groups. Crisis management also requires close coordination among individuals and groups of individuals who need to collaboratively derive information from geospatial data and use that information in coordinated ways. However, geospatial information systems do not currently support group work and can

  8. Establishing Media Partnerships in Crisis Response

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shari R. Veil; Francisco Ojeda

    2010-01-01

    Prominent crisis communication researchers have suggested that practitioners should work with the media as partners when managing a crisis (Ulmer, Sellnow, & Seeger, 2007). This study provides an example of a crisis case in which the media was embraced as a partner in the crisis response. Specifically, the partnership established with the media as part of the crisis response following

  9. Global Water Crisis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2003-01-01

    As mentioned in this Web site -- a free Web Focus from the journal Nature -- over one billion people in the world already lack access to clean water, a crisis that will only intensify as the global population swells and freshwater resource continue to dwindle. Nature offers an analysis of the situation with news stories, features and editorials, interactive graphics, and an archived article from the journal.

  10. Before Crisis Hits: Building a Strategic Crisis Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Larry L.; Millar, Dan P.

    This guide offers suggestions to college administrators for dealing with a variety of emergency or crisis situations that could affect a community college's effectiveness. The authors used the Institute for Crisis Management's (ICM) four types of crises in higher education as the framework for the guide. The four types of crises are: (1) sudden;…

  11. Crisis Communication Plans: Poor Predictors of Excellent Crisis Public Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marra, Francis J.

    1998-01-01

    Argues that newly developed theory in crisis public relations suggests a shift is necessary in the way practitioners view crises. Notes that the new paradigm defines excellent crisis public relations very differently from the literature of the past 20 years. (RS)

  12. Anatomy of a financial crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederic S. Mishkin

    1992-01-01

    This paper provides an asymmetric information framework for understanding the nature of financial crises. It provides the following precise definition of a financial crisis: A financial crisis is a disruption to financial markets in which adverse selection and moral hazard problems become much worse, so that financial markets are unable to efficiently channel funds to those who have the most

  13. [Crisis of adolescence, an ambiguity].

    PubMed

    Wiltzer, P

    1981-04-01

    The adolescence is distress, rebellion, dependence. It is the time of interrogation upon the body which becomes almost strange for the individual through his transformations. The crisis of adolescence can breed many mental diseases; the most serious of them are issued from the narcissism. The crisis of adolescence is a necessary halting place before the entrance in the world of adults. PMID:7306274

  14. International business and the crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Toporowski

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to highlight the effects of the financial crisis on international business. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper argues that international business is differentiated by line of business and country of operation. Findings – The crisis will therefore affect international business according to how exposed such business is to international finance. Alongside the financial implications

  15. The Mediterranean salinity crisis

    SciTech Connect

    Hsue, K.J.

    1988-08-01

    That the Mediterranean Sea underwent a salinity crisis during the Miocene (Messinian) is proven by the 1970 JOIDES deep sea drilling expedition. Subsequent work by ocean drilling and by studies on land have recorded the history of this crisis. Based upon the deep desiccated-basin model, the use of event-stratigraphy, calibrated by strontium-isotope dating and magnetostratigraphy, has enabled them to decipher the following events between 6.0 and 5.1 Ma: (1) deposition of marine diatom-rich sediments in a partially restricted basin, (2) first desiccation of the Mediterranean when Calcare di base was deposited at a time of isolation from the Atlantic because of a glacial eustatic drop of sea level, (3) influx of marine waters through southern Spanish basins to furnish brines for the deposition of the main salt, (4) Intra-Messinian desiccation, as evidenced by the erosional unconformity above the lower evaporite, (5) Intra-Messinian denudation, when reefs grew on Cyprus and marine sediments were deposited in basins, (6) frequency isolations due to oscillating sea level, when the upper evaporite was deposited, (7) Lago mare, formation of freshwater and brackish lakes due to influx of Paratethys water, (8) opening of the Gibraltar and Pliocene inundation of the Mediterranean.

  16. Project Highlight: GeoCollaborative Crisis Management Alan M. MacEachren 1+2

    E-print Network

    Klippel, Alexander

    Project Highlight: GeoCollaborative Crisis Management Alan M. MacEachren 1+2 , Sven Fuhrmann 1 The major natural disasters that occurred in the last few months have shown the importance and necessity information. The GeoCollaborative Crisis Management (GCCM) project investigates how groups utilize geospatial

  17. Contagion in International Asset Markets during the Global Financial Crisis and Eurozone Debt Crisis

    E-print Network

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    1 Contagion in International Asset Markets during the Global Financial Crisis and Eurozone Debt.S. stock and currency markets during the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-09 and the Eurozone debt crisis: Financial contagion; Global Financial Crisis; Eurozone Crisis; Dynamic Conditional Correlation; Markov

  18. The Impending Crisis

    PubMed Central

    Kaplan, Raymond L.; Burgess, Thomas E.

    2010-01-01

    When you are ill and consult a physician for his or her expertise, many times laboratory testing is part of the clinical workup. This testing is critical to the physician’s ability to diagnose the patient’s condition. What if testing was not available … because there was no one to do the testing? Although seemingly far-fetched, this scenario could play itself out in the next ten years due to an impending manpower crisis in laboratory medicine. The profession of Medical Technology, also known as Clinical Laboratory Science, is experiencing a shortage of qualified individuals for a variety of reasons – not the least of which is the closure of almost 70% of the schools teaching this critical profession. Health care workers (HCW) rely on accurate and timely clinical laboratory results in order to make decisions for their patients. Because ? 70% of patient care decisions are based on clinical laboratory results, it is important to have a well-trained supply of laboratory professionals. This article will give an overview of the situation and the possible causes of this shortage, and pose challenges to our profession as to how this crisis can be averted. Visibility of this profession must be a prime focus of this effort in order for the population in general to be aware of the role Clinical Laboratory Scientists play in the health care consortium. This effort should begin early in the educational process, potentially as early as Middle School (junior high school), bringing awareness of the profession not only to students but to educators as well. PMID:23653714

  19. Interviewing College Students in Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hersh, Jeffrey B.

    1985-01-01

    Presents a five-step model of a crisis interview and the special considerations in working with the suicidal and assaultive student for use by college counseling professionals. Discusses the special cases of suicidal and homocidal/assaultive potential. (LLL)

  20. The Crisis Prevention Analysis Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoverland, Hal; And Others

    1986-01-01

    The Crisis Prevention Analysis model offers a framework for simple, straightforward self-appraisal by college administrators of problems in the following areas: fiscal, faculty and staff, support functions, and goals and attitudes areas. (MSE)

  1. The Financial Crisis and Its Impact on Developing Countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephany Griffith-Jones; José Antonio Ocampo

    2009-01-01

    This working paper has been commissioned by the Poverty Group, Bureau for Development Policy at UNDP, to identify the transmission mechanisms of the financial crisis from developed to developing countries and to provide broad policy recommendations at the national, global and regional level. The paper identifies three mechanisms that play a key role in spreading the consequences of the financial

  2. Managing the Urban School Crisis: Recent Trends in Curricular Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Dennis L.

    1989-01-01

    Discusses recent curricular and instructional reforms, collectively called basic skills restructuring, that have developed in urban schools. Discusses these reforms as a response to various crisis tendencies in the operation of schools by dominant power groups. Discusses the causes and effects of top-down curricular reform initiatives. (JS)

  3. Thyroid crisis in the maxillofacial trauma patient.

    PubMed

    Weinstock, Robert J; Lewis, Tashorn; Miller, Jared; Clarkson, Earl I

    2014-11-01

    Thyroid crisis, also known as thyroid storm, is a rare complication of thyrotoxicosis that results in a hypermetabolic and hyperadrenergic state. This condition requires prompt recognition and treatment because the mortality from thyroid crisis approaches 30%. Thyrotoxicosis alone will usually not progress to thyroid crisis. Thyroid crisis will typically be precipitated by some concomitant event such as infection, iodine-containing contrast agents, medications such as amiodarone, pregnancy, or surgery. Trauma is a rare precipitator of thyroid crisis. Several published studies have reported thyroid crisis resulting from blunt or penetrating neck trauma. Significant systemic trauma, such as motor vehicle accidents, has also been reported to precipitate thyroid crisis. It is very unusual for minor trauma to precipitate thyroid crisis. In the present study, we report the case of a patient who had incurred relatively minor maxillofacial trauma and developed thyroid crisis 2 weeks after the initial trauma. PMID:25085805

  4. Indonesian Crisis Deepens

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    de Nie, Michael Willem.

    2001-01-01

    On June 1, 2001, Indonesia's President Wahid announced that he dismissed four members of his Cabinet and the police chief, depicting the move as a peace overture to his main political rival, vice-president Megawati Sukarnoputri. Sukarnoputri's party, the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP), is at the forefront of the effort to impeach President Wahid and remove him office. The PDIP won by far the largest number of votes in the last election two years ago, but Ms. Sukarnoputri was unable to broker any deals to secure an outright majority in the parliament and win the presidency for herself. Instead, the job went to Abdurrahman Wahid, a compromise candidate. Wahid's nineteen months in power have seen a number of crises and political spats, culminating in the vote by parliament on Wednesday to hold an impeachment hearing against the president over claims of corruption and incompetence on August 1. Most analysts agree that there is a firm majority in the body in favor of unseating Wahid. In addition to the cabinet reshuffle, Wahid has on several occasions raised the possibility of martial law. Neither move, it seems, is likely to satisfy parliament or Sukarnoputri's supporters. The final outcome of the current crisis is still an open question. If Sukarnoputri does take office and steps into the shoes of her illustrious father Sukarno, Indonesia's first president, she will find that the question at the heart of the present struggle -- the balance of power between the parliament and the president -- remains.

  5. Scleroderma renal crisis.

    PubMed

    Mouthon, Luc; Bussone, Guillaume; Berezné, Alice; Noël, Laure-Hélène; Guillevin, Loïc

    2014-06-01

    Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is characterized by malignant hypertension and oligo-anuric acute renal failure. It occurs in 5% of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), particularly in patients with diffuse disease during the first years. SRC is more common in patients receiving corticosteroids, the risk increasing with increasing dose. The disease is sometimes triggered by use of nephrotoxic drugs and/or intravascular volume depletion. Left ventricular insufficiency and hypertensive encephalopathy are typical clinical features. Thrombotic microangiopathy is detected in 43% of cases, and anti-RNA-polymerase III antibodies are present in one-third of patients. Renal biopsy is not necessary if SRC presents classical features. However, biopsy may help to define the prognosis and guide treatment in atypical forms. The prognosis of SRC has greatly improved with the introduction of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. However, the 5-year survival for SSc patients with full SRC remains low (65%). The treatment of SRC relies on aggressive blood pressure control with an ACE inhibitor, combined with other antihypertensive drugs if needed. Dialysis is frequently indicated but can be stopped in about half of patients, mainly those with good blood pressure control. Patients who need dialysis for more than 2 years qualify for renal transplantation. PMID:24833760

  6. Hypercalcemic crisis: a clinical review.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, Shazia; Kuraganti, Gayatri; Steenkamp, Devin

    2015-03-01

    Hypercalcemia is a common metabolic perturbation. However, hypercalcemic crisis is an unusual endocrine emergency, with little clinical scientific data to support therapeutic strategy. We review the relevant scientific English literature on the topic and review current management strategies after conducting a PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar search for articles published between 1930 and June 2014 using specific keywords: "hypercalcemic crisis," "hyperparathyroid crisis," "parathyroid storm," "severe primary hyperparathyroidism," "acute hyperparathyroidism," and "severe hypercalcemia" for articles pertaining to the diagnosis, epidemiology, clinical presentation, and treatment strategies. Despite extensive clinical experience, large and well-designed clinical studies to direct appropriate clinical care are lacking. Nonetheless, morbidity and mortality rates have substantially decreased since early series reported almost universal fatality. Improved outcomes can be attributed to modern diagnostic capabilities, leading to earlier diagnosis, along with the recognition that primary hyperparathyroidism is the most common etiology for hypercalcemic crisis. Hypercalcemic crisis is an unusual endocrine emergency that portends excellent outcomes if rapid diagnosis, medical treatment, and definitive surgical treatment are expedited. PMID:25447624

  7. The Latino Education Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gandara, Patricia

    2010-01-01

    Latinos now constitute the largest minority group in the United States and the fastest growing segment of its school-age population. Yet they are the least educated of all major ethnic groups. Poverty, lack of access to high-quality preschool, low levels of parental education attainment, and hypersegregated schools all play a crucial role. The…

  8. Using Crisis Simulations in Public Relations Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veil, Shari R.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: Students will demonstrate research, decision making, team building, and public speaking skills, while applying issues management and crisis communication concepts in a realistic setting. Courses: Introduction to Public Relations, Public Relations Cases, Crisis Communication.

  9. Community Resources Crisis Hotlines and Counseling Centers

    E-print Network

    Derisi, Joseph

    ­ Crisis counseling for suicide and grief 5108492212 (Berkeley/Oakland) 5108891333 (Hayward Suicide Prevention and Crisis Intervention 4157810500 (San Francisco) 510 8492212 (East Bay) 8007468181 Security Emergency: 5109879790, NonEmergency: 5109870601 Employee Assistance Program ­ Confidential

  10. Crisis stability and nuclear war

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    The authors summarize their viewpoint on and recommendations for strategic command and forces, and arms control and crisis stability. They pressent a study of the paths which might lead the superpowers from a crisis to nuclear war. This book examines the various arenas in which superpower crises may occur. The authors describe the strategies, command structures, and forces of NATO and the Warsaw Pact, paying particular attention to the ladder of alert postures and operations that their forces might mount as a crisis intensifies. They address the Middle East, with special emphasis on the confrontation between Syria and Israel, and the dangers posed by locally-owned chemical and nuclear weapons. The authors also consider the oceans and space.

  11. Psychological Health Before, During, and After an Economic Crisis: Results from Indonesia, 1993 – 2000

    PubMed Central

    Friedman, Jed; Thomas, Duncan

    2015-01-01

    The 1997 Indonesian financial crisis resulted in severe economic dislocation and political upheaval, and the detrimental consequences for economic welfare, physical health, and child education have been established in several studies. The crisis also adversely impacted the psychological well-being of the Indonesian population. Comparing responses of the same individuals interviewed before and after the crisis, we document substantial increases in several different dimensions of psychological distress among male and female adults across the entire age distribution. In addition, the imprint of the crisis can be seen in the differential impacts of the crisis on low education groups, the rural landless, and residents in those provinces that were most affected by the crisis. Elevated levels of psychological distress persist even after indicators of economic well-being such as household consumption had returned to pre-crisis levels, suggesting the deleterious effects of the crisis on the psychological well-being of the Indonesian population may be longer lasting than the impacts on economic well-being. PMID:25892838

  12. Understanding the financial crisis in Asia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bhagwan Chowdhry; Amit Goyal

    2000-01-01

    The financial crisis of East Asia in 1997 was largely unanticipated and was characterized by sharp falls in asset prices and currency values in several countries simultaneously. Many empirical models have been developed to predict the occurrence of such crisis. However, the out-of-sample performance of these models is disappointing. Most theoretical explanations of the crisis emphasize the role of banking

  13. Crisis and Employment: The Case of Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Dongchul; Shin, Sukha

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines Korea's employment dynamics and analyzes how adverse impacts could be mitigated during the recent economic crisis in comparison with the 1997 to 1998 Asian crisis. A clear lesson is that policies to mitigate adverse impacts of financial crisis on the macroeconomic level should be given priority for preserving employment. In…

  14. Organizational Crisis Management: Overview and Opportunities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sheldene K. Simola

    2005-01-01

    The field of modern organizational crisis management emerged largely in response to the 1982 cyanide tampering of Tylenol capsules (Mitroff, 2001). Since that time, a substantial body of scholarly research and practical wisdom has developed. Despite the use of psychological research by crisis management scholars, organizational crisis management has received substantially less attention within psychology itself. This article provides an

  15. Crisis Informatics: Studying Crisis in a Networked World

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leysia Palen; Sarah Vieweg; Jeannette Sutton; Sophia B. Liu; Amanda Hughes

    2007-01-01

    Serious crises and disasters have micro and macro social arrangements that differ from routine situations, as the field of disaster studies has described over its 100-year history. With increasingly pervasive information and communications technology (ICT) and a changing political arena where terrorism is perceived as a major threat, the attention to crisis is high. Some of these new features of

  16. Agency problems and performance of Korean companies during the Asian financial crisis: Chaebol vs. non-chaebol firms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Byungmo Kim; Inmoo Lee

    2003-01-01

    Agency problems can become more serious during an economy-wide financial crisis and they can have different roles depending on the corporate governance structure of a company. This paper examines whether agency problems explain the performance of Korean companies during the Asian financial crisis and whether agency problems explain the performance differently for chaebol vs. non-chaebol firms. Korean business groups, chaebols,

  17. PURCHASING DECISION ON CRISIS CONDITIONS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ion Stancu

    2011-01-01

    Consumption suffered important mutations within the past years, due to profound changes of economic policies, as well as due to the crisis triggered in 2008. Consumption prices have suffered serious modifications every year after 1990, and since 2005 a phase shift of evolution can be noticed for various products, which makes the buying decision of consumers to be on a

  18. Hungry Kids: The Solvable Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felling, Christy

    2013-01-01

    The numbers speak for themselves in terms of the crisis of hunger among kids in the United States: More than 16 million children--one in five--live in households that struggle to put food on the table. Nearly half of all food stamp recipients are children. But, argues Felling, the battle against childhood hunger can be won; the United States has…

  19. Sorting Out Japan's Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anil K. Kashyap

    2002-01-01

    This paper makes three contributions. First, I report information on the size of the Japanese financial crisis. Drawing principally on work by Fukao (2003) and Doi and Hoshi (2003) I estimate that the current taxpayer liability for losses incurred but yet to be recognized is likely to be at least 24% of GDP. Second, I explain why it has been

  20. Addressing the world water crisis

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The world is facing an impinging crisis on water as population growth continues, energy use increases, and affluence (standard of living) increases all requiring more water. Agriculture must find ways to use water more productively while improving the impact of agriculture on the environment. Agri...

  1. The Crisis in Extramural Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norris, Joel

    2011-01-01

    When "crisis" and "extramural funding" are mentioned, most academics think about problems such as the low percentage of proposals funded by federal agencies (now approaching single digits in many fields) or inadequate indirect-cost recovery rates that fail to reimburse universities for all costs of research. These are great problems draining…

  2. Education for Today's Ecological Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, S. Fred

    1970-01-01

    Describes the university's role in providing education for the ecological crisis, and divides environmental sciences into two major areas: basic and applied. Proposes a curriculum leading to a B.S. degree in physics consisting of a two-year honor physics program followed by specialization in environmental and planetary sciences (EPS). (PR)

  3. Systematics and the biodiversity crisis

    SciTech Connect

    Savage, J.M. [Univ. of Miami, Coral Gables, FL (United States)

    1995-11-01

    This article discusses the importance of systematics in evaluating the global biodiversity crisis. Topics covered include the following: what systematic biology is; the diversity of species and higher taxa; biodiversity undersiege; systematics and conservation; systematics and global climatic change. 28 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  4. CRISIS RESPONSE GUIDE SOURCES | ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    E-print Network

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    405-744-5472 Radiation Safety Officer 405-714-8040 405-714-8041 Employee Assistance Program (EAP to protect the safety of the campus and larger community through educa- tional training efforts, crisis your cell phone, even if on campus, you may reach the Stillwater Police. Tell the dispatcher your

  5. The Relationship Trauma Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Scott

    2008-01-01

    When the Commission on Children At Risk--a group of 33 children's doctors, research scientists, mental health and youth service professionals--presented to the Nation its report on the crises of deteriorating mental and behavioral health of children in the US, the 83-page report was entitled "Hardwired to Connect: The New Scientific Case for…

  6. Communicating during crisis: Use of blogs as a relationship management tool

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kaye D. Sweetser; Emily Metzgar

    2007-01-01

    Using a post-test only experimental design with control group, this study investigated the impact of blogs on relationship management during a crisis. Participants (N=109) were exposed to a personal blog (n=45), organizational blog (n=46), or control (n=18). Results indicate blogs impact the perception of the level of crisis an organization experiences. Additionally, relationships created through blogs impact the perception of

  7. America's Crisis: Asian Perspectives

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    AsiaSource (originally reviewed in the September 3, 1999 Scout Report) provides an Asian perspective on the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC. The site contains information on the attacks and how they have and will affect Asia's peoples and governments. It also provides links on the suspected terrorists' groups, Pakistan, Afghanistan, the religion of Islam, reference maps of the area, and much more.

  8. DAIS Volunteer Opportuni es: Crisis line: Volunteers are trained to answer the 24hour DAIS Help Line. Calls from survivors, concerned family and

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    and more volunteer opportuni es on www.volunteeryour me.org. #12;Outreach Volunteer ­ Rape Crisis Center efforts for Rape Crisis Center. Outreach efforts include but are not limited to: Tabling events, Families United Network Parent Group CoFacilitator, Families United Network Teen Group Co

  9. [Attempted suicide during the financial crisis in Athens].

    PubMed

    Stavrianakos, K; Kontaxakis, V; Moussas, G; Paplos, K; Papaslanis, T; Havaki-Kontaxaki, B; Papadimitriou, Gn

    2014-01-01

    Suicidal behavior is considered as the result of complex cognitive and emotional processes and it is a timeless, global and multifactorial phenomenon. Periods of financial crises in the past, such as the Great Depression in the USA in 1929 and the economic crises of Asia, Russia and Argentina in the late 1990s, have been associated with impairment of mental health of the economically affected. Unemployment, job insecurity, debts, poverty and social exclusion seems to lead to higher incidence of anxiety and depressive symptoms and increased suicidality. Alcohol and substance use and the reduction of the state budget for health services reinforce the negative effects of the economic recession on mental health. The financial crisis which currently affects many European countries began in 2008 and its impact on the mental health of European citizens is in progress. Greece is probably the most affected country by the European financial crisis. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential impact of the crisis' consequences on the attempted suicide rates in the Athens population and the differentiation of suicide attempters on social, demographic and clinical-psychopathological parameters during the crisis. A retrospective study was conducted. The semi-structured records of 165 attempters who were hospitalized in the Internal Medicine Clinics of the "Sotiria" General Hospital in Athens, after attempted suicide in the years 2007 and 2011, before and during the financial crisis respectively, were studied. Among suicide attempters 95(57.6%) were suffering from mental disorders. Most often diagnoses were these of mood disorders (n=60, 63.2%). Demographic data, current psychiatric disorder, previous suicide attempt and severity of psychopathology at the time of suicide attempt were recorded for each patient. Furthermore, the severity of each suicide attempt was estimated. Suicide attempts were 70 in 2007, before the financial crisis (mean age 36.9 years, 71% women) and 95 in 2011, during the financial crisis (mean age 41.0 years, women 65%). There is an increase of suicide attempts by 35.71%. There were no statistically significant differences between the two periods regarding the gender and age of attempters. There was a statistically significant increase of unemployed (p=0.004), as well as of married/widowed/divorced (p=0.02) suicide attempters during the crisis. There was not statistically significant difference in the severity of suicide attempts before and during the economic crisis or the severity of psychopathology of the attempters. The financial crisis is probably associated with upward trend in attempted suicide of the Athens population. Most affected are those who are unemployed, married, widowed, divorced. Suicide prevention programs are essential for the accurate and timely identification and the immediate and effective management of this special high risk group of attempters during the financial crisis. PMID:25035179

  10. Refugee Crisis in the Balkans

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    de Nie, Michael Willem.

    1999-01-01

    This week's In the News returns to Kosovo, where humanitarian workers and government officials warn that the refugee crisis is rapidly spinning out of control. What appears to be an organized and systematic expulsion of the ethnic Albanian population from Kosovo has created the worst humanitarian disaster in Europe since World War II. According to UN refugee officials, over 220,000 persons have fled or been expelled from Kosovo over the last ten days, to Albania, Macedonia, or Montenegro. With entry into Macedonia ground to an almost complete halt, Albania swollen with over 120,000 refugees, and thousands still behind them, the Kosovo-Macedonia border in particular has become a humanitarian nightmare; little food, shelter, or sanitation is available for people who have been forced from their homes with almost nothing. The sites listed provide information about this refugee crisis.

  11. Nepal's Crisis: Mobilising International Influence

    E-print Network

    International Crisis Group

    2006-04-19

    Policy Briefing Asia Briefing N°49 Kathmandu/Brussels, 19 April 2006 Nepal’s Crisis: Mobilising International Influence I. OVERVIEW Pro-democracy demonstrations and a general strike across Nepal in recent weeks mark a decisive shift... institutions) to form a common front on strategy and tactics to maximise international influence in assisting Nepal’s escape from its worsening conflict. The conflict remains soluble and a genuine democratic mass movement increases the chances of a...

  12. ARGENTINA AGRICULTURE: THE DEVELOPING CRISIS

    E-print Network

    Horrell, Carl Michael

    2014-12-31

    of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts. Chairperson: Dr. John Kennedy Dr. Michael Wuthrich Dr. Rebecca Birch Date Defended: 2 December 2014 ii The Thesis Committee for Carl (Michael) Horrell certifies that this is the approved... version of the following thesis: ARGENTINA AGRICULTURE: THE DEVELOPING CRISIS Chairperson: Dr. John Kennedy Date Approved: _2 December 2014 iii ABSTRACT The government of Argentina has put...

  13. First-attack pediatric hypertensive crisis presenting to the pediatric emergency department

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Hypertensive crisis in children is a relatively rare condition presenting with elevated blood pressure (BP) and related symptoms, and it is potentially life-threatening. The aim of this study was to survey children with first attacks of hypertensive crisis arriving at the emergency department (ED), and to determine the related parameters that predicted the severity of hypertensive crisis in children by age group. Methods This was a retrospective study conducted from 2000 to 2007 in pediatric patients aged 18 years and younger with a diagnosis of hypertensive crisis at the ED. All patients were divided into four age groups (infants, preschool age, elementary school age, and adolescents), and two severity groups (hypertensive urgency and hypertensive emergency). BP levels, etiology, severity, and clinical manifestations were analyzed by age group and compared between the hypertensive emergency and hypertensive urgency groups. Results The mean systolic/diastolic BP in the hypertensive crisis patients was 161/102 mmHg. The major causes of hypertensive crisis were essential hypertension, renal disorders and endocrine/metabolic disorders. Half of all patients had a single underlying cause, and 8 had a combination of underlying causes. Headache was the most common symptom (54.5%), followed by dizziness (45.5%), nausea/vomiting (36.4%) and chest pain (29.1%). A family history of hypertension was a significant predictive factor for the older patients with hypertensive crisis. Clinical manifestations and severity showed a positive correlation with age. In contrast to diastolic BP, systolic BP showed a significant trend in the older children. Conclusions Primary clinicians should pay attention to the pediatric patients who present with elevated blood pressure and related clinical hypertensive symptoms, especially headache, nausea/vomiting, and altered consciousness which may indicate that appropriate and immediate antihypertensive medications are necessary to prevent further damage. PMID:23272766

  14. The financial crisis and the expected effects on vaccinations in Europe: a literature review.

    PubMed

    Maltezou, Helena C; Lionis, Christos

    2015-07-01

    Starting in 2008 several European countries experienced a financial crisis. Historically, diseases whose prevention and treatment depend highly on the continuity of healthcare re-emerge during political and financial crises. Evidence suggests that the current financial crisis has had an impact on the health and welfare of Europeans and that population health status and morbidity as well as mortality patterns may change in the coming years. At the same time decisions about expenditure for health services may impact the ability of public health providers to respond. It is expected that the current crisis will further exacerbate socioeconomic and health inequalities and novel vulnerable groups will emerge in addition to existing ones. We review the available evidence and discuss how the current crisis may have an impact on vaccine-preventable diseases and influence vaccination coverage rates in Europe. PMID:25739315

  15. Adrenal crisis in a patient with acute myeloid leukaemia

    PubMed Central

    Li, Wang; Okwuwa, Ikemefuna; Toledo-Frazzini, Karla; Alhomosh, Alaaedin

    2013-01-01

    Adrenal crisis is a group of clinical manifestation predominantly with hypotensive shock, electrolyte imbalance in a patient with adrenal insufficiency or in a patient who was abruptly withdrawn from glucocorticoid treatment acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is one of the most common acute leukaemia in adults. Though the above diseases are commonly seen in individual patients, the coexistence of both conditions in the same patient is rare. We reported a 64-year-old African-American man with a history of bilateral deep vein thrombosis, who presented initially with fatigue, neutropenia and macrocytic anaemia. The patient developed a small bowel obstruction during his first hospital course, which resolved spontaneously with conservative management after an exploratory laparotomy. While waiting for his bone marrow biopsy, the patient developed hypotension, hyponatraemia and hyperkalaemia for which adrenal crisis was suspected. Later on, laboratory studies confirmed the diagnosis of primary adrenal insufficiency and the bone marrow was conclusive for AML. PMID:23843412

  16. Australian baby boomers face retirement during the global financial crisis.

    PubMed

    Kendig, Hal; Wells, Yvonne; O'Loughlin, Kate; Heese, Karla

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the impact in Australia of the global financial crisis on the baby boom cohort approaching later life. Data from national focus groups of people aged 50 to 64 years (N = 73), conducted in late 2008, found widespread but variable concern and uncertainty concerning work and retirement plans and experiences. A national survey (N = 1,009) of those aged 50 to 64 years in mid-2009 reported lower levels of financial satisfaction compared with other life domains; many planned to postpone retirement. Findings are interpreted in the context of policies and markets that differed significantly from those in the United States, notwithstanding the global nature of the financial crisis. PMID:23837628

  17. Medical Liability Reform Crisis 2008

    PubMed Central

    2008-01-01

    The crisis of medical liability has resulted in drastic increases in insurance premiums and reduced access for patients to specialty care, particularly in areas such as obstetrics/gynecology, neurosurgery, and orthopaedic surgery. The current liability environment neither effectively compensates persons injured from medical negligence nor encourages addressing system errors to improve patient safety. The author reviews trends across the nation and reports on the efforts of an organization called “Doctors for Medical Liability Reform” to educate the public and lawmakers on the need for solutions to the chaotic process of adjudicating medical malpractice claims in the United States. PMID:18989732

  18. Improving decision making in crisis.

    PubMed

    Higgins, Guy; Freedman, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    The most critical activity during emergencies or crises is making decisions about what to do next. This paper provides insights into the challenges that people face in making decisions at any time, but particularly during emergencies and crises. It also introduces the reader to the concept of different sense-making/decision-making domains, the human behaviours that can adversely affect decision making - decision derailers - and ways in which emergency responders can leverage this knowledge to make better decisions. While the literature on decision making is extensive, this paper is focused on those aspects that apply particularly to decision making in emergencies or times of crisis. PMID:24113638

  19. Leaving Home: Crisis and Opportunity

    PubMed Central

    McSherry, James

    1986-01-01

    “Gaudeamus igitur, juvenes dum sumus!” Young people have not quite completed the developmental tasks of adolescence by the time they leave home to attend university. Geographical separation from family offers an opportunity for learning and personal growth, with the ultimate objective the acquisition of an education in the broadest sense of the word. University life with its peer pressures and academic stresses offers its own challenges and rewards. Unless there is close co-operation between family doctors and student-health physicians, the medical care of young adults degenerates into crisis management with loss of all the benefits of continuity of care. PMID:21267231

  20. Briefing Paper Misconceptions of the Financial Crisis

    E-print Network

    Birmingham, University of

    Briefing Paper Misconceptions of the Financial Crisis One of the main purposes of the FinCris project1 , is to investigate different accounts of responsibility for the financial crisis. Understanding to promoting financial inclusion. Determining which individuals and institutions were responsible involves

  1. Lessons from the 2007 Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Willem H. Buiter

    2007-01-01

    The paper studies the causes of the current financial crisis and considers proposals for mitigation and prevention of future crises.The crisis is was the product of a ?perfect storm? bringing together a number of microeconomic and macroeconomic pathologies. Among the microeconomic systemic failures were: wanton securitisation, fundamental flaws in the rating agencies? business model, the procyclical behaviour of leverage in

  2. The Leading Edge: Enduring a Campus Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moeser, James

    2003-01-01

    On June 2003, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) faced a frightening crisis when an employee was diagnosed with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). In this article, the author looks back and identifies four factors that enabled the university to navigate this crisis. These factors were: (1) leadership at every level; (2)…

  3. CSEM WP 119 California's Electricity Crisis

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley. University of

    CSEM WP 119 California's Electricity Crisis: A Market Apart? James Bushnell November 2003.ucei.org #12;California's Electricity Crisis: A Market Apart? November 2003 James Bushnell1 Abstract, a flawed market design, and the venality of electricity producers. However, many of these attributes were

  4. Crisis and Loss: Information for Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canter, Andrea, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    During a crisis, parents can do a great deal to help their child deal with grief and anxiety. This special issue provides information and promising practices that might be helpful in dealing with various crisis situations. Provides the following articles: (1) "Children Killing Children" (Kevin Dwyer); (2) "Disaster: Helping Children Cope" (Debbie…

  5. Monetary policy in a financial crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence J. Christiano; Christopher Gust; Jorge Roldos

    2004-01-01

    What are the economic effects of an interest rate cut when an economy is in the midst of a financial crisis? Under what conditions will a cut stimulate output and employment, and raise welfare? Under what conditions will a cut have the opposite effects? We answer these questions in a general class of open economy models, where a financial crisis

  6. Crisis child care: Implications for family interventions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Perle Slavik Cowen

    2001-01-01

    Background: Crisis child care programs provide caregiving respite on an emergency basis and counseling and referral services to stressed parents who are at risk for maltreating their children. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to describe the sociodemographic and stress characteristics of rural parents who accessed crisis child care services and to determine if the utilization of these services

  7. The Financial Crisis in the Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lombardi, John

    The author examines the financial crisis in community colleges on a national scale in this first paper in a projected long-range study of this crucial topic. Economic causes contributing to the crisis include inflation, rising enrollments, and such labor-intensive aspects as spiraling labor and security costs, and increasing demands for funds by…

  8. Crisis Intervention: A Review of Outcome Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Auerbach, Stephen M.; Kilmann, Peter R.

    1977-01-01

    Crisis intervention studies conducted in suicide prevention/crisis intervention programs, in psychiatric settings, and with surgical patients are critically evaluated, and the methodological shortcomings of studies in each of these settings are discussed. Available from: Order Department, American Psychological Association, Inc., 1200 Seventeenth…

  9. Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

    2013-01-01

    Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and…

  10. School Crisis Response: Expecting the Unexpected.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lichtenstein, Robert; And Others

    1994-01-01

    The typical administrator certification program does not devote specific attention to shootings, suicide, terminal illness, and natural disasters. A crisis of major proportion calls for enlightened leadership: a take-charge manner, combined with effective teamwork and delegation of vital operations. Crisis teams should exist at regional, district,…

  11. Crisis Intervention with Highly Lethal Suicidal People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leenaars, Antoon A.

    1994-01-01

    Outlines model for crisis intervention with highly lethal suicidal people. Explores idea that crisis is a perception, including issues of lethality and perturbation, object relations, responsibility, weapon availability, and active versus passive response. Highlights specific problems with transference and countertransference. Suggests that there…

  12. School Crisis Aftermath: Care for the Caregivers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paine, Cathy Kennedy

    2009-01-01

    "Professional" crisis caregivers (e.g., emergency responders, mental health providers, medical professionals, victim assistance counselors, and faith leaders) are trained to handle exposure to images of destruction and loss and to help victims or survivors cope with the impact of a crisis. They try to help individuals, schools, and communities…

  13. Resource Guide for Crisis Management in Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaPointe, Richard T.; And Others

    A crisis can occur at any time, whether or not a school's staff plans for it. This resource guide is a compilation of user-friendly examples of policies, procedures, guidelines, checklists, and forms to help Virginia schools develop and implement a systematic crisis-management plan. Chapter 1 provides an introductory overview of the essential…

  14. Normalising the crisis in Africa.

    PubMed

    Bradbury, M

    1998-12-01

    Developmental relief has become the central doctrine of 'good practice' in humanitarian responses to complex political emergencies. This is despite the fact that a proliferation of such emergencies reflects a failure of development for people in those countries in crisis. Drawing on case study material from Sudan, Somalia, Rwanda and Uganda, this paper challenges assumptions made about the efficacy of developmental relief models in complex emergencies. The trend towards developmental relief practices coincides with an increasing acceptance of higher levels of humanitarian distress in Africa. Myths of aid dependency and the pursuit of sustainable programming in the midst of war are linked to a global reduction in aid. The mantra of 'local solutions to local problems' locates the causes of crises firmly within those societies in crisis. It provides a premise for international disengagement, and the denial of international responsibility for the genesis and prolongation of humanitarian crises in Africa. Assigning solutions to the poor, the marginalised and victimised through enhanced 'participation' and local financing of services sustains a myth that development is occurring, when in fact levels of distress are rising. PMID:9874898

  15. Perceptions of Teachers and Staff Regarding the Impact of the Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Model for School-Based Crisis Intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julie Q. Morrison

    2007-01-01

    The Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Model for crisis intervention was devloped for use with emergency service personnel. Research regarding the use of the CISM Model has been conducted among civilians and high-risk occupation groups with mixed results. The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the CISM Model for school-based crisis intervention as perceived by teachers

  16. Searching for the biofuel energy crisis in rural Java

    SciTech Connect

    McGranahan, G.

    1986-01-01

    Biofuel shortage in peasant economies is often reported to reach crisis proportions in conditions of high population density. As a group, peasants are portrayed as engaging in irrational biofuel resource abuse. At times this abuse is treated as the inevitable outcome of excess biofuel demand. Otherwise, an explanation is often given in terms of resource-use problems inherent in common property. An alternative explanation is proposed in this dissertation. Rather than the effect of common property (a structure), such crises are more likely the result of capitalist expansion (a process). Systems of common foraging are prone to ownership conflict during transitions to private property. This conflict provides a more cogent explanation for biofuel shortage than any structural flaw in common-use systems. Contemporary rural Java contradicts mechanistic applications of supply/demand models of biofuel shortage. Despite high population pressure, biofuel is not inordinately scarce. There is little basis for the crisis predictions. While assessments of biofuel demand and supply can provide scarcity indicators, they ought not be used to predict overuse. The traditional crisis predictions of supply/demand balancing and common property analysis must be replaced by a more skeptical multi-disciplinary approach.

  17. Financial crisis theoretical analysis based on corporate governance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ha Ning; Tian Ye-zhuang

    2009-01-01

    The researches on financial crisis early warning methods are important applied research items. Forecasting the business financial crisis needs to take the existing financial or non-financial information to establish the mathematical model. After analyzing related achievements accomplished on financial crisis management, the relations between corporate governance and financial crisis are discussed from the view of corporate governance. A game model

  18. A Crisis Intervention Team Program: Four-Year Outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sabrina W. Tyuse

    2012-01-01

    Crisis intervention training has become a popular strategy to educate first responders about mental illness and techniques to safely and effectively de-escalate individuals experiencing a mental health crisis. This paper presents outcomes of the first four years of a Crisis Intervention Team program in St. Louis, Missouri. Findings of this evaluation suggest that the Crisis Intervention Team program is effective

  19. Popular Culture Studies and the Politics of Educational "Crisis."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Gary

    The conservative position on the crisis in the humanities is fundamentally antidemocratic and poses a danger to popular culture studies. This can be demonstrated by taking issue with conservatives' usage of the terms "crisis" and "politics." A crisis is an urgent problem, but by labeling something a crisis which is not, attention is distracted…

  20. Agrofuels, Food Sovereignty, and the Contemporary Food Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosset, Peter

    2009-01-01

    In this article, agrofuels are examined in the context of the world food price crisis and the "food sovereignty" proposal for addressing the crisis. Both short- and long-term causes of the crisis are examined, and while agrofuels are presently not a prime causal factor they are clearly contraindicated by the crisis. Food sovereignty, including a…

  1. Embedding issue management as a strategic element of crisis prevention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tony Jaques

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to characterize the danger period which extends before a crisis and to position issue management as an effective crisis prevention discipline. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper explores scholarship regarding the developing concept of active pre-crisis management, the growing acceptance of crisis management as an integrated process and the implications of this holistic approach

  2. Electronic gaming and the obesity crisis.

    PubMed

    Calvert, Sandra L; Staiano, Amanda E; Bond, Bradley J

    2013-01-01

    Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and increase consumption of high-calorie foods and beverages that are low in nutritional value. Electronic games, however, may increase children's physical activity and expose them to healthier foods. We examine the role of electronic games in the pediatric obesity crisis and their contribution to more favorable health outcomes. PMID:23483693

  3. Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis

    PubMed Central

    Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

    2014-01-01

    Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and increase consumption of high-calorie foods and beverages that are low in nutritional value. Electronic games, however, may increase children’s physical activity and expose them to healthier foods. We examine the role of electronic games in the pediatric obesity crisis and their contribution to more favorable health outcomes. PMID:23483693

  4. Kindergarten Teachers: Working through Our Identity Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granucci, Pamela Lesiak

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the reasons why kindergarten teachers have an "identity crisis" and have come to be in professional limbo in terms of their historical roots, educational background and training, and certification procedures. (BB)

  5. Rubber smallholders' flexibility No windfall, no crisis

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    , as in other regions of the country, the ecological crisis also struck Sumatra and Kalimantan in 1997-98. Huge reduce investment in clonal plantings? Eventually, regions such as West-Kalimantan were the theatre

  6. Energy Crisis Spurs Congress Into Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1973

    1973-01-01

    Discusses legislation recently passed by Congress in response to the energy crisis, and the Nixon Administration's proposal for creating a new Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) and a Nuclear Energy Commission (NEC). (JR)

  7. Energy intake during economic crisis depends on initial wealth and access to rice fields: the case of pregnant Indonesian women.

    PubMed

    Hartini, T N S; Winkvist, A; Lindholm, L; Stenlund, H; Surjono, A; Hakimi, M

    2002-07-01

    Starting in August 1997, Indonesia experienced a radical and rapid deterioration in its economy. Between 1996 and 1998, dietary intake during the second trimester was measured in 450 pregnant women in Purworejo, Central Java, Indonesia. Using six 24 h recalls we describe the consequences of the economic crisis on the energy intake of pregnant Indonesian women. Depending on the date of data collection, women were grouped into 'before crisis', 'transition' and 'during crisis'. Mean energy intake among groups was compared using ANOVA and Student's t-test. All groups of pregnant women already had a mean energy intake before the emerging crisis that was lower than the Indonesian recommended dietary allowances (RDA). Nevertheless, energy intake differed significantly among women with different education levels (P = 0.00) and from different socio-economic groups (P = 0.00). 'During transition', a significant decrease in energy intake was experienced by urban poor women (P = 0.01). Poor women with access to rice fields had a higher rice consumption than other groups throughout the period. Our results most likely reflect the effect of higher rice price on income and welfare. 'During crisis', energy intake improved among vulnerable groups, perhaps reflecting government intervention. PMID:12173497

  8. Crisis Management Planning: A Case Study of Man-Made and Natural Crisis Events in Higher Education 

    E-print Network

    Booker, Lonnie J.

    2012-02-14

    and crisis management. The term crisis is a derivative of the Greek word krisis, meaning decision (Paraskevas, 2006, p. 893). The term krisis was used to describe a political conflict in the earliest Greek writings. Today, the term has various meanings..., crisis management research has relied heavily on a single method of study: the post-mortem case study (Kurzbard & Siomkos, 1992; Paraskevas, 2006; Wise, 2003). Effective crisis management is no longer just a matter of management of a crisis...

  9. Urbanization eases water crisis in China

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wu, Yiping; Liu, Shuguang; Ji, Chen

    2012-01-01

    Socioeconomic development in China has resulted in rapid urbanization, which includes a large amount of people making the transition from rural areas to cities. Many have speculated that this mass migration may have worsened the water crisis in many parts of the country. However, this study shows that the water crisis would be more severe if the rural-to-urban migration did not occur.

  10. A Visual Communication Language for Crisis Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Siska Fitrianie; Leon J. M. Rothkrantz

    In crisis situations, decision-making capabilities rely on reports from all parties involved. For achieving the necessary capabilities of crisis technology, a communication-interface pro- totype representing concepts and ideas has been developed. To support language-independent communication and to reduce the ambiguity and multitude of semantic interpretation of human observers' reports, the messages are constructed using a spatial arrangement of visual symbols.

  11. Analyzing Crisis in Global Financial Indices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Sunil; Deo, Nivedita

    We apply the Random Matrix Theory and complex network techniques to 20 global financial indices and study the correlation and network properties before and during the financial crisis of 2008 respectively. We find that the largest eigenvalue deviate significantly from the upper bound which shows a strong correlation between financial indices. By using a sliding window of 25 days we find that largest eigenvalue represent the collective information about the correlation between global financial indices and its trend indicate the market conditions. It is confirmed that eigenvectors corresponding to second largest eigenvalue gives useful information about the sector formation in the global financial indices. We find that these clusters are formed on the basis of the geographical location. The correlation network is constructed using threshold method for different values of threshold ? in the range 0 to 0.9, at ?=0.2 the network is fully connected. At ?=0.6, the Americas, Europe and Asia/Pacific form different clusters before the crisis but during the crisis Americas and Europe are strongly linked. If we further increase the threshold to 0.9 we find that European countries France, Germany and UK consistently constitute the most tightly linked markets before and during the crisis. We find that the structure of Minimum Spanning Tree before the crisis is more star like whereas during the crisis it changes to be more chain like. Using the multifractal analysis, we find that Hurst exponents of financial indices increases during the period of crisis as compared to the period before the crisis. The empirical results verify the validity of measures, and this has led to a better understanding of complex financial markets.

  12. Timing crisis information release via television.

    PubMed

    Wei, Jiuchang; Zhao, Dingtao; Yang, Feng; Du, Shaofu; Marinova, Dora

    2010-10-01

    When and how often to release information on television are important issues in crisis and emergency risk communication. There is a lot of crisis information, including warnings and news, to which people should have access, but most of it is not significantly urgent to interrupt the broadcasting of television programmes. Hence, the right timing for the release of crisis information should be selected based on the importance of the crisis and any associated communication requirements. Using recursive methods, this paper builds an audience coverage model of crisis information release. Based on 2007 Household Using TV (HUT) data for Hefei City, China, the optimal combination of broadcasting sequence (with frequencies between one and eight times) is obtained using the implicit enumeration method. The developed model is applicable to effective transmission of crisis information, with the aim of reducing interference with the normal television transmission process and decreasing the psychological effect on audiences. The same model can be employed for other purposes, such as news coverage and weather and road information. PMID:20572851

  13. The Impact of the Crisis on Internal Population Movement in Indonesia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graeme Hugo

    2000-01-01

    One of the ways in which Indonesians have adapted to economic change over recent decades is through permanent and temporary movement within and outside the country. This paper focuses on the effects which the crisis that started in 1997 has had upon population mobility among different groups and in different areas within the country. It begins by summarising the employment

  14. A School-Based Emergency Crisis Intervention in a Mass School Disaster

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Avigdor Klingman

    1987-01-01

    This article is a report detailing a coordinated crisis intervention undertaken in response to a disastrous collision of a railway train with a school bus. The target groups consisted of school-children, parents, and school staff. The effects of this mass disaster and the scope of the large-scale emergency intervention implemented in its wake are described. Emphasized are the role and

  15. Social Validity of the Critical Incident Stress Management Model for School-Based Crisis Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Julie Q.

    2007-01-01

    The Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) model for crisis intervention was developed for use with emergency service personnel. Research regarding the use of the CISM model has been conducted among civilians and high-risk occupation groups with mixed results. The purpose of this study is to examine the social validity of the CISM model for…

  16. HRD Challenges Faced in the Post-Global Financial Crisis Period--Insights from the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeble-Ramsay, Diane Rose; Armitage, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The paper aims to report initial empirical research that examines UK employees' perceptions of the changing nature of work since the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) to consider how the financial context may have constrained HRD practice and more sustainable approaches. Design/methodology/approach: Focus group research was facilitated…

  17. Health without wealth? Costa Rica's health system under economic crisis.

    PubMed

    Morgan, L M

    1987-01-01

    The recent history of Costa Rica's health system is reviewed, emphasizing the health-related effects of the economic crisis of the 1980s. This economic crisis has stopped and in some instances reversed the marked health improvements Costa Rica realized during the decade of the 1970s. The effects of the economic crisis emerge in 4 areas: deterioration in health status, as poverty contributed to higher disease rates; reductions in the government's ability to maintain public health and medical services; increased reliance on foreign aid to finance the health system; and growing national debate over the role of the state in health care. The result of the economic crisis was a reduction in health services and a questioning of the Costa Rican health model. This occurred following the implementation of an expensive health infrastructure and at a time when people most needed health services. During the 1941-70 period, domestic initiative can account for much of the expansion of Costa Rica's social security system, but also at this time international agencies such as the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Inter-American Development began to assist in the expansion of the health system. In 1971 a plan was initiated to create a nationalized health system. By 1980 the success of the health sector reorganization was evident in the statistics: marked improvements in life expectancy, infant mortality, and infectious disease mortality had surpassed the goals set by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Ministry of Health. Costa Rica's success was a vindication of both policy goals and funding priorities, for it has been "proved" that primary health care was capable of improving health indices, particularly where the agencies had the active and conscientious support of the national government. By 1977, foreign contracts for aid had expired, and the Ministry declared that the rural health program would be supported totally by the government. The Minister of Health continued in 1982 to champion self-sufficiency despite a changed economic climate, but by early 1984 Costa Rica had to abandon its plan to wean the health sector from outside aid. In 1982 the health sector became the center of a nationwide debate. Representatives of the large agricultural export sector, who usually support free-market solutions to economic problems, lobbied for "reprivatization" of medical care. Those committed to expansion of the welfare state argued from the other extreme. The government offered concessions to both groups. The debate did end in 1986, most likely because of the overall easing of the economic crisis. The government needs to maintain state control over the health system while not exceeding its austerity budget and not reducing health services. PMID:3108317

  18. Social media as crisis platform: The future of community maps\\/crisis maps

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rebecca Goolsby

    2010-01-01

    Social media provides the means for creating new communities and for reenergizing old communities. Recently, a new kind of quickly formulated, powerful community has formed as existing social media communities, news organizations, and users have converged in social media spaces to respond to sudden tragedies. This article addresses the ad-hoc crisis community, whith uses the social madia as a crisis

  19. Chaos and Crisis: Propositions for a General Theory of Crisis Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seeger, Matthew W.

    2002-01-01

    Presents key concepts of chaos theory (CT) as a general framework for describing organizational crisis and crisis communication. Discusses principles of predictability, sensitive dependence on initial conditions, bifurcation as system breakdown, emergent self-organization, and fractals and strange attractors as principles of organization. Explores…

  20. Expanding the Crisis Planning Function: Introducing Elements of Risk Communication to Crisis Communication Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, David E.; Olaniran, Bolanle A.

    1998-01-01

    Suggests use of elements of risk communication by crisis communication practitioners facing increasing industrial reliance on new technologies which might be associated with potential health/environment harm. Studies a small company crisis which reveals that elements of anticipation, public involvement/trust, technological comparison, and media…

  1. The role of emotions in crisis responses : Inaugural test of the integrated crisis mapping (ICM) model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yan Jin; Augustine Pang; Glen T. Cameron

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to extend current theories in crisis communication, by developing a more systemic approach to understanding the role of emotions in crises and the strategies organizations can use to respond. The authors' integrated crisis mapping (ICM) model is premised on a public-based, emotion-driven perspective where different crises are mapped on two continua, the

  2. International Comparison of Crisis Management Policies: For theories of economic policies for crisis response (Japanese)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KOBAYASHI Keiichiro; OSAWA Jun; YAOITA Shumpei; KIKUCHI Yona; JIBIKI Yasuhito; ITO Koutaro; OGURI Yusuke; HARADA Tomoyo

    2008-01-01

    This paper introduces the details and characteristics of disclosures of crisis management scenarios and simulations of countries and regions based on some of the information collected in research activities for a project on constructing a new macroeconomic model and identifying the right economic policies to take in times of crisis. The paper also identifies some of the implications to Japan's

  3. The EU labour market crisis and recovery policies. The Bulgarian response to the crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iskra Beleva

    2011-01-01

    The current study analyzes the status of both the European and the Bulgarian labor markets from the standpoint of the effects of the current crisis, which has affected the supply and demand of labor as well as the employment structure. It further examines the anti-crisis policies, which have been implemented by the EU and the member-countries of the Community as

  4. [Impact of the economic crisis on the right to a healthy diet. SESPAS report 2014].

    PubMed

    Antentas, Josep Maria; Vivas, Esther

    2014-06-01

    The present article analyzes the impact of the economic crisis on food consumption in Spain, the most affected social profiles, and the consequences of changing patterns of food consumption on health. This article is based on official reports and previous empirical studies. The crisis has affected diet and food consumption. Families are attempting to spend less money on food. Food insecurity is rising and the most affected groups are those spending a higher proportion of their income on food. Cuts in food spending run parallel with unhealthy eating habits that encourage obesity. Consequently, the crisis contributes to undermining the right to a healthy diet, recognized by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of the United Nations. PMID:24863995

  5. Crisis management teams in health organisations.

    PubMed

    Canyon, Deon V

    2012-01-01

    Crisis management teams (CMT) are necessary to ensure adequate and appropriate crisis management planning and response to unforeseen, adverse events. This study investigated the existence of CMTs, the membership of CMTs, and the degree of training received by CMTs in Australian health and allied health organisations. This cross-sectional study draws on data provided by executive decision makers in a broad selection of health and allied health organisations. Crisis management teams were found in 44.2 per cent of the health-related organisations surveyed, which is ten per cent lower than the figure for business organisations. Membership of these CMTs was not ideal and did not conform to standard CMT membership profiles. Similarly, the extent of crisis management training in health-related organisations is 20 per cent lower than the figure for business organisations. If organisations do not become pro-active in their crisis management practices, the onus is on government to improve the situation through regulation and the provision of more physical, monetary and skill resources to ensure that the health services of Australia are sufficiently prepared to respond to adverse events. PMID:22576140

  6. Consumer experience of formal crisis-response services and preferred methods of crisis intervention.

    PubMed

    Boscarato, Kara; Lee, Stuart; Kroschel, Jon; Hollander, Yitzchak; Brennan, Alice; Warren, Narelle

    2014-08-01

    The manner in which people with mental illness are supported in a crisis is crucial to their recovery. The current study explored mental health consumers' experiences with formal crisis services (i.e. police and crisis assessment and treatment (CAT) teams), preferred crisis supports, and opinions of four collaborative interagency response models. Eleven consumers completed one-on-one, semistructured interviews. The results revealed that the perceived quality of previous formal crisis interventions varied greatly. Most participants preferred family members or friends to intervene. However, where a formal response was required, general practitioners and mental health case managers were preferred; no participant wanted a police response, and only one indicated a preference for CAT team assistance. Most participants welcomed collaborative crisis interventions. Of four collaborative interagency response models currently being trialled internationally, participants most strongly supported the Ride-Along Model, which enables a police officer and a mental health clinician to jointly respond to distressed consumers in the community. The findings highlight the potential for an interagency response model to deliver a crisis response aligned with consumers' preferences. PMID:24575860

  7. Multi-Agent Crisis Response systems - Design Requirements and Analysis of Current Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Khaled M. Khalil; M. Abdel-aziz; Taymour T. Nazmy; Abdel-badeeh M. Salem

    2009-01-01

    Crisis response is a critical area of research, with encouraging progress in the past view yeas. The aim of the research is to contribute to building future crisis environment where software agents, robots, responders, crisis managers, and crisis organizations interact to provide advice, protection and aid. This paper discusses the crisis response domain requirements, and provides analysis of five crisis

  8. Coping Strategies for the Global Financial Crisis of Higher Education

    E-print Network

    Heller, Don

    Coping Strategies for the Global Financial Crisis of Higher Education International Forum on Higher to the financial crisis © 2011, Donald E. Heller 2 #12;International trends in higher education Increasing

  9. Currencies' exchange rate trend-before and after financial crisis

    E-print Network

    Koh, Kyung Hee, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Do financial crises tend to arise together? Recent financial crisis that has originated from credit crisis in US in 2008 spread throughout countries ranging from Asia, to Europe, to Africa. Generally a shock to one country's ...

  10. Utilization of medical care following the Three Mile Island crisis

    SciTech Connect

    Houts, P.S.; Hu, T.W.; Henderson, R.A.; Cleary, P.D.; Tokuhata, G.

    1984-02-01

    Four studies are reported on how utilization of primary health care was affected by the Three Mile Island (TMI) crisis and subsequent distress experienced by persons living in the vicinity of the plant. The studies concerned: Blue Cross-Blue Shield records of claims by primary care physicians in the vicinity of TMI; utilization rates in a family practice located near the facility; interviews with persons living within five miles of TMI following the crisis; and responses to a questionnaire by primary care physicians practicing within 25 miles of TMI. All four studies indicated only slight increases in utilization rates during the year following the crisis. One study found that persons who were upset during the crisis tended to be high practice utilizers both before and after the crisis. These results suggest that, while patterns of physician utilization prior to the TMI crisis predicted emotional response during the crisis, the impact of the TMI crisis on subsequent physician utilization was small.

  11. On the Epistemological Crisis in Genomics

    PubMed Central

    Dougherty, Edward R

    2008-01-01

    There is an epistemological crisis in genomics. At issue is what constitutes scientific knowledge in genomic science, or systems biology in general. Does this crisis require a new perspective on knowledge heretofore absent from science or is it merely a matter of interpreting new scientific developments in an existing epistemological framework? This paper discusses the manner in which the experimental method, as developed and understood over recent centuries, leads naturally to a scientific epistemology grounded in an experimental-mathematical duality. It places genomics into this epistemological framework and examines the current situation in genomics. Meaning and the constitution of scientific knowledge are key concerns for genomics, and the nature of the epistemological crisis in genomics depends on how these are understood. PMID:19440447

  12. Crisis bifurcations in plane Poiseuille flow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zammert, Stefan; Eckhardt, Bruno

    2015-04-01

    Many shear flows follow a route to turbulence that has striking similarities to bifurcation scenarios in low-dimensional dynamical systems. Among the bifurcations that appear, crisis bifurcations are important because they cause global transitions between open and closed attractors, or indicate drastic increases in the range of the state space that is covered by the dynamics. We here study exterior and interior crisis bifurcations in direct numerical simulations of transitional plane Poiseuille flow in a mirror-symmetric subspace. We trace the state space dynamics from the appearance of the first three-dimensional exact coherent structures to the transition from an attractor to a chaotic saddle in an exterior crisis. For intermediate Reynolds numbers, the attractor undergoes several interior crises, in which new states appear and intermittent behavior can be observed. The bifurcations contribute to increasing the complexity of the dynamics and to a more dense coverage of state space.

  13. Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis

    E-print Network

    2008-12-24

    1 Jackie (jackiejlh) wrote, 2008-12-24 01:20:00 (FIC) Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis Author's Note: Written with full permission from the lovely mina_de_malfois. Loosely based on this dea from delurker: Mina agonises over what..., this fic ignores most of the newish plot points of Season Three. Merry Christmas, everyone. Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis I'd been holiday shopping for hours and was thoroughly exhausted—Amazon can take a lot of out of a girl when she...

  14. Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis 

    E-print Network

    2008-12-24

    1 Jackie (jackiejlh) wrote, 2008-12-24 01:20:00 (FIC) Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis Author's Note: Written with full permission from the lovely mina_de_malfois. Loosely based on this dea from delurker: Mina agonises over what..., this fic ignores most of the newish plot points of Season Three. Merry Christmas, everyone. Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis I'd been holiday shopping for hours and was thoroughly exhausted—Amazon can take a lot of out of a girl when she...

  15. Responding to the Unthinkable: School Crisis Response and Recovery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Katherine C.; Rossen, Eric

    2014-01-01

    The mental health implications of crisis exposure have emerged as a critical and challenging facet of school safety and crisis response, expanding our focus to encompass both psychological and physical safety, as well as prevention and recovery. Best practice reflects this evolution in our understanding and encompasses the continuum of crisis and…

  16. Financing Constraint and Firm Investment Following a Financial Crisis

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Financing Constraint and Firm Investment Following a Financial Crisis in Indonesia Agustinus-level investment behavior around financial crisis, which could be pivotal considerations in monetary and other, financial crisis JEL Classification: D2, E51, G31 This paper was presented in "23rd International Symposium

  17. AFTER A SEXUAL ASSAULT Rape Crisis Center, Inc.

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    AFTER A SEXUAL ASSAULT Rape Crisis Center, Inc. Dane County, Wisconsin TABLE OF CONTENTS system. You don't need to receive any medical or legal help alone. A counselor from the Rape Crisis with whom you feel comfortable. Through the Rape Crisis Center, you can call and discuss your feelings

  18. Worsening of the Asian Financial Crisis: Who is to Blame?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ali M. Kutan; Brasukra G. Sudjana

    2004-01-01

    Some observers have argued that the IMF’s focus on the institutional weaknesses of the Asian crisis countries that are inherently difficult to remedy and not necessarily relevant for the crisis, and that their inclusion in IMF programs exacerbated the crisis. This paper argues that besides IMF actions, it is important to consider other factors such as governments’ own policy actions

  19. Real-time Crisis Mapping of Natural Disasters using

    E-print Network

    Middleton, Stuart E.

    Real-time Crisis Mapping of Natural Disasters using Social Media Stuart E. Middleton, Lee Middleton crisis mapping platform for natural disasters. We take locations from gazetteer, street map Geographic Information; VGI; Natural Disaster; Crisis Management ACM Classification Keywords H.2.8 [Database

  20. Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Joseph Eric

    2001-01-01

    Considers how crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legitimacy of organizations. Notes that when faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. Synthesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width…

  1. The importance of eating rice: changing food habits among pregnant Indonesian women during the economic crisis.

    PubMed

    Hartini, T Ninuk S; Padmawati, R Siwi; Lindholm, Lars; Surjono, Achmad; Winkvist, Anna

    2005-07-01

    This article presents qualitative and quantitative research findings on food habits of pregnant Indonesian women in relation to the economic crisis that arose in 1997. Between 1996 and 1998, dietary intakes were estimated for 450 pregnant women in Central Java. Between January and June 1999, four focus group discussions, 16 in-depth interviews and four non-participant observations were held with women, two in-depth interviews were held with traditional birth attendants, and four with midwives. Women were categorized as urban or rural, rich or poor, and according to rice field ownership. The women reported that before the crisis they bought more foods and cooked more meals and snacks. During the crisis, cooking methods became simpler and cooking tasty foods was more important than cooking nutritious foods. This involved using plenty of spices and cooking oil, but reducing the use of expensive nutritious foods. The herbal drink jamu was drunk by 15% of pregnant women; its consumption was lower during than before the economic crisis. Twenty-six percent of the women avoided certain foods due to food taboos, and most of these women avoided beneficial foods; this phenomenon decreased during the crisis among the rich and the rural, poor, landless women. In spite of increased prices for rice, women did not decrease their rice consumption during the crisis because rice was believed to have the highest value for survival, to provide strength during pregnancy and delivery, and to be easier to store and cook. Finally, children and husbands had highest priority in being served food, and women were the last to eat. PMID:15847972

  2. THE GLOBAL FOOD CRISIS AND GUATEMALA: WHAT CRISIS AND FOR WHOM? Alain de Janvry and Elisabeth Sadoulet1

    E-print Network

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    1 5/13/09 THE GLOBAL FOOD CRISIS AND GUATEMALA: WHAT CRISIS AND FOR WHOM? Alain de Janvry? This paper analyzes the welfare effects of changes in prices over categories of households in Guatemala. We. The global food crisis and Guatemala Food prices rose sharply on the international market over the period

  3. Crisis GIS: Preparing for the Next Volcanic Crisis in the United States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramsey, D. W.; Robinson, J. E.; Schilling, S. P.; Schaefer, J. R.; Kimberly, P.; Trusdell, F. A.; Guffanti, M. C.; Mayberry, G. C.; Cameron, C. E.; Smith, J. G.; McIntire, J. A.; Snedigar, S.; Ewert, J. W.

    2004-12-01

    Geographic Information Systems (GIS) specialists from the Volcano Hazards Program (VHP) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), including personnel at Menlo Park, California, the Cascades Volcano Observatory in Vancouver, Washington, the Alaska Volcano Observatory in Anchorage and Fairbanks, Alaska, the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory in Hawaii National Park, Hawaii, and the Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program in Washington, DC, are developing a GIS response plan in the event of a volcano crisis. This plan, referred to as "Crisis GIS", outlines how VHP can ensure rapid, reliable delivery of spatial and ancillary information for data analysis and visualization at any required location during a volcanic crisis or event within the United States. An effective Crisis GIS needs the capacity to store multiple, large datasets, including: base layer data, elevation data, geologic maps, hazard assessment maps, satellite data, and aerial photography for volcanoes around the U.S. It must be readily accessible by VHP GIS specialists stationed around the Nation. Such a GIS should also support installations of monitoring instruments and telemetry equipment that relay monitoring signals, and provision of updates to public officials, the media, and the public during a crisis. GIS technology has proven to be an invaluable tool for crisis response. Recently, GIS was applied as part of the response efforts to two large-scale crises: the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the Southern California wildfires of Fall 2003. In each case, GIS was used to organize large quantities of spatial data and to produce electronic and paper maps that illustrated hazards, supported decision making, and communicated developing situations to responsible emergency-management authorities and to the populace affected (Kant, 2002, and Pratt, 2003). VHP GIS specialists are currently testing the software and hardware employed in recent major crisis response efforts and are learning to adapt the technology for volcano crisis response.

  4. The Crisis in Black and Black.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutchinson, Earl Ofari

    These essays explore why the historic conflict between blacks and whites in the United States has become a crisis that divides many African Americans. The changing racial dynamic is not marked by conflicts. between the black middle class and the poor, black men and women, the black intellectual elite and rappers, black politicians and the urban…

  5. Managing a Crisis for School Security

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badzmierowski, William F.

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, campus tragedies across the country have prompted leaders of education institutions to redouble their crisis planning efforts. Too often, however, these emergency plans focus almost exclusively on facilities, hardware and systems without sufficient consideration for the people they potentially affect. People, not equipment, will…

  6. Asia's financial crisis: lessons and policy responses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramon Moreno; Gloria Pasadilla; Eli Remolona

    1998-01-01

    This paper argues that fundamental weaknesses in Asian financial systems that had been masked by rapid growth were at the root of East Asia's 1997 currency and financial crisis. These weaknesses were caused by the lack of incentives for effective risk management created by implicit or explicit government guarantees against failure. The weakness of the financial sector was accentuated by

  7. Crisis Communications Plan University of Washington

    E-print Network

    Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

    describes the role of the University of Washington Police Department (UWPD), Media Relations-making procedures of the university. Elements should be tested annually in conjunction with campus-wide emergency Team comprises people whose organizations may play a critical role in addressing the crisis, including

  8. Prospective Deficits and the Asian Currency Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Craig Burnside; Martin Eichenbaum; Sergio Rebelo

    2001-01-01

    This paper argues that a principal cause of the 1997 Asian currency crisis was large prospective deficits associated with implicit bailout guarantees to failing banking systems. The expectation that these future deficits would be at least partially financed by seigniorage revenues or an inflation tax on outstanding nominal debt led to a collapse of the fixed exchange rate regimes in

  9. Financial Market Contagion in the Asian Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Taimur Baig; Ilan Goldfajn

    1998-01-01

    This paper tests for evidence of contagion between the financial markets of Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, and the Philippines. Cross-country correlations among currencies and sovereign spreads are found to increase significantly during the crisis period, whereas the equity market correlations offer mixed evidence. A set of dummy variables using daily news is constructed to capture the impact of own-country and

  10. Casey meets the crisis pregnancy centers.

    PubMed

    Hill, B Jessie

    2015-01-01

    Recent cases have found factual disclosure requirements to be constitutional when imposed on abortion providers but unconstitutional when imposed on crisis pregnancy centers. This paper argues that the outcomes in both kinds of cases can be explained by courts' perception of abortion as an ideological, political, or moral act rather than as health care. PMID:25846039

  11. Characteristics of the Biopsychosocial Crisis of Infertility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Ellen Piel

    1987-01-01

    Presents a framework for understanding the crisis of infertility which is characterized by extensive anxiety, damaged self-esteem, grief, uncertainty about the future, and estranged relationships with each other and with family and friends. Proposes some interventions appropriate to helpers from a variety of disciplines. (ABB)

  12. Preparing to Help Students after a Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Stephen E.; Cowan, Kathy

    2004-01-01

    Generally, when a student or a staff member coped with the psychological aftermath of a tragedy, they did so without the involvement-or responsibility-of school personnel. But educators have come to recognize that schools play a critical role in any crisis response and care system serving children and youth. This is true whether teachers are…

  13. Weathering the Storm: Leadership during Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foote, Edward T., II

    1996-01-01

    The president of the University of Miami (Florida) at the time of Hurricane Andrew discusses the challenges of coping with widespread campus destruction and the resulting organizational crisis, and offers guidelines for responding rapidly and effectively to the needs and concerns of various constituents. (MSE)

  14. Threat Assessment Teams Target School Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stover, Del

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the creation of a threat-assessment team to be utilized in order to analyze each threat and the usage of threat-assessment protocols for the purpose of guiding school administrators through a crisis. These are actually developed with the advice from the US Department of Education and the Secret Service. When a…

  15. Monetary Policy in a Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence J. Christiano; Christopher J. Gust; Jorge E. Roldos

    2002-01-01

    What are the economic effects of an interest rate cut when an economy is in the midst of a financial crisis? Under what conditions will a cut stimulate output and employment, and raise welfare? Under what conditions will a cut have the opposite e ffects? We answer these questions in a general class of open economy models, where a financial

  16. The Identity Crisis of Educational Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Henry M.

    Educational planning is presently confronted by an identity crisis. As long as it was believed that educational expansion was a principal ingredient for securing economic growth, democratic political processes, and greater equality of economics and social participation, the tenets and practice of educational planning were rarely questioned.…

  17. SAAB Tackling the Black, Brown Male Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pluviose, David

    2007-01-01

    Increasingly, dropping out of high school is a one-way ticket to prison for Black men. Recent research conducted by sociologists Becky Pettit and Bruce Western indicates that 3 percent of Whites and 20 percent of Blacks born between 1965 and 1969 had served time in prison by their early thirties. The crisis among Black and Hispanic men mobilized…

  18. The Racial Crisis in American Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altbach, Philip G., Ed.; Lomotey, Kofi, Ed.

    This collection of essays addresses the need for continued research in race-related issues on college campuses. The book examines the causes and the impact of campus racial tensions by studying some key university case studies and by investigating some of the underlying elements of the crisis. Essays and their authors are as follows: "The Racial…

  19. Nepal: Dealing with a Human Rights Crisis

    E-print Network

    International Crisis Group

    2005-03-24

    NEPAL: DEALING WITH A HUMAN RIGHTS CRISIS Asia Report N°94 – 24 March 2005 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS................................................. i I. INTRODUCTION... .................................................................................... 13 A. ACTION BY THE NEPALI GOVERNMENT ...............................................................................13 B. ACTION BY THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF NEPAL (MAOIST) ..................................................14 C. ACTION...

  20. Sensemaking a public library's internet policy crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Cavanagh

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – Using Weick's sensemaking theory within a KM framework, and storytelling methodology, this study aims to deconstruct a recent public internet access policy crisis at the newly amalgamated Ottawa Public Library (Canada). As the library's former Manager of Virtual Library Services, the author retrospectively enacts the story of how the library board and management resolved a public controversy led

  1. The Edina, Minnesota, School Crisis Response Team.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Berit; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Provides procedural guidelines, developed for the Edina (Minnesota) public school system, for dealing with crisis intervention in grades pre-K through 12. Focusing primarily on suicide, the guidelines address three levels of at-risk students/staff. Recommended actions following the death of any student or faculty member are included. (GLR)

  2. Financial Crisis in Higher Education in Switzerland.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garke, Esther

    1985-01-01

    Examined are how decisive financial cuts are in Swiss higher education, where they occur, and what their effects are. Whether in fact there is a crisis in Swiss education and, if there is, whether it is attributable to financial cutbacks or other causes as yet undefined is then discussed. (RM)

  3. Information Technology Support Services: Crisis or Opportunity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yohe, J. Michael

    1996-01-01

    Information technology services on campuses are in crisis, due to dramatically increased expectations and stable or dwindling funding. The situation can be improved and service effectiveness enhanced by controlling expectations, reducing work, getting help (student volunteers, experiential learning programs, local experts, consultants, faculty and…

  4. Teaching the Crisis Management/Communication Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coombs, W. Timothy

    2001-01-01

    Argues that a course or unit in crisis management/communication is an excellent way of teaching public relations theory, management concepts, information management, problem solving, and communication management. Identifies course objectives, discusses main topics and student evaluation, and concludes with advice and a list of readings. (SR)

  5. Arab-Americans and the Gulf Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noor Al-Deen, Hana S.

    A study examined the sentiment and impact of different types, channels, and forms of aggression against the Arab-American community during the Gulf Crisis. Data were selected from entries in the 1990 Anti-Arab Discrimination and Hate Crimes Log of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination (ADC) National Office. Results show that there were 129 acts of…

  6. Crisis/Opportunity: 2011 WICHE Workplan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Public higher education has faced a crisis of massive proportions in the first decade of this millennium. Nevertheless, for higher education, this year represents a turning point and, yes, an opportunity. The opportunity, then, for the West is one that generations of Americans are familiar with: to do more with less. Dealing with scarcity--whether…

  7. Options for Managing a Systemic Bank Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernard Lietaer; Robert Ulanowicz; Sally Goerner

    2009-01-01

    The on-going financial crisis is not the result of a cyclical or managerial failure, but a structural one. Part of the evidence for this assertion is that there have already been more than 96 other major banking crises over the past 20 years, and that such crashes have happened even under very different regulatory systems as well as at different

  8. Managing a Crisis with Social Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bender, T. Gregory

    2012-01-01

    Thanks to the proliferation of handheld devices and social media such as Facebook and Twitter, people can share information instantly and succinctly. The December 8, 2011, shooting on the Virginia Tech campus underscores how important it is for information to go out quickly but accurately to help school administrators effectively manage a crisis.…

  9. Heterogeneous Time Series Learning for Crisis Monitoring

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William H. Hsu; Nathan D. Gettings; Victoria E. Lease; Yu Pan; David C. Wilkins

    A very important application of time series learning is online diagnosis, or monitoring, to detect and classify hazardous conditions in a physical system. Examples of crisis monitoring in the industrial, military, agricultural and environmental sciences are numerous. This paper first defines heterogeneous time series, those containing different types of embedded, statistical patterns. Next, it surveys basic techniques for acquiring several

  10. Counselors as Consultants during a National Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaplan, Leslie S.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Describes how counselors served as consultants to school division that had large student population of military dependents during Persian Gulf War. Examines impact of Persian Gulf War on the school division and its students and presents model for counselors who serve as consultants during crisis. Discusses counselors working as team with teachers,…

  11. Exploring the "Boy Crisis" in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cappon, Paul

    2011-01-01

    The issue of the "boy gap" or "boy crisis" in education has been the subject of increasing attention across a number of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Given the importance of this issue and the need to better understand the situation in boys' education, this report draws on material and data from a review…

  12. The Crisis of the Early Italian Renaissance

    E-print Network

    Landweber, Laura

    The Crisis of the Early Italian Renaissance: Civic Humanism and Republican Liberty in an Age-century study of the Italian Renaissance. Baron's book was the first historical synthesis of politics of the Renaissance. Baron, un- like his peers, married culture and politics; he contended that to truly understand

  13. Is There's Computer Crisis in the Classroom?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosch, Karen A.

    1993-01-01

    Survey of 90 Virginia classrooms suggests there may be computer "crisis" in middle schools. Computers were not integral part of classrooms, teaching, or student learning. Teachers had low perceptions about computer use in classrooms and felt little commitment to increasing usage. Administrators must look beyond number of computers in schools to…

  14. The Informal Sector During Crisis and Transition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralitza Dimova; Ira N. Gang

    2005-01-01

    One of the most notable phenomena during economic transition is the shrinkage of the public sector and expansion of the not working population, simultaneously with the expansion of both the formal and informal private sectors. We address the related labour dynamics of the pre and post 1996 crisis in Bulgaria with the use of a panel constructed from the 1995

  15. In a Crisis, Count to 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koplik, Stanley Z.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    In a campus crisis, while administrators address immediate needs, trustees must find a balance between involvement and oversight. Trustees should respond by developing a worst-case strategy; establishing early warning systems; defining "due diligence"; emphasizing candor and honesty; picking one spokesperson; protecting institutional privacy;…

  16. Corporate brand reputation and brand crisis management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen A. Greyser

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to provide insights into the what, why, and how of recognising corporate brand crisis through a synthesis of organisational experiences with threats to brand reputation, and to offer guidelines for analytic approaches and suggested organisational actions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach takes the form of a clinical set of examinations and interpretation of a substantial number

  17. From Crisis to Renewal: One School's Journey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skelcher, Ann M.

    2011-01-01

    This case study describes a time period of 6 years in the history of a school, a period marked by crisis recovery and organizational response to a mandated large-scale reform. Despite its challenges, when speaking of this period a number of the staff reflected on it as a kind of magical moment in time. Twenty years later, I began to wonder what…

  18. The Cuban Missile Crisis. Lesson Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Linda K.; McAuliffe, Mary

    1994-01-01

    Presents a secondary lesson plan based on primary sources recently released by the Central Intelligence Agency on the Cuban Missile Crisis. Provides a background essay on the event. Includes five maps and three documents, all of which have been declassified from top secret or secret status. (CFR)

  19. Road traffic injuries: a major global public health crisis.

    PubMed

    Sharma, B R

    2008-12-01

    Evidence suggests that the present and projected global burden of road traffic injuries is borne disproportionately by countries that can least afford to meet the health service, economic and societal challenges. Although the evidence base on which these estimates are made remains somewhat precarious in view of the limited data systems in most low- and middle-income countries, these projections highlight the essential need to address road traffic injuries as a public health priority. Most well-evaluated effective interventions do not focus directly on efforts to protect vulnerable road users, such as motorcyclists and pedestrians. However, these groups comprise the majority of road traffic victims in low- and middle-income countries, and consequently the majority of road traffic victims globally. Responding appropriately to the disparities in available evidence and prevention efforts is necessary in order to address this global public health crisis comprehensively. PMID:18950819

  20. Indocyanine-green-mediated photothrombosis (IMP) with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide for macular edema secondary to group 2A idiopathic parafoveal telangiectasis without choroidal neovascularization: a pilot study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Fernando Arevalo; Juan G. Sanchez; Reinaldo A. Garcia; Lihteh Wu; Maria H. Berrocal; Francisco J. Rodriguez; Alvaro Rodríguez; Liliana Andrea Novoa; Rafael Garcia-Amaris

    2007-01-01

    Background  The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility, safety and clinical effect of indocyanine green (ICG)-mediated\\u000a photothrombosis (IMP) combined with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) in patients with macular edema secondary to\\u000a idiopathic parafoveal telangiectasis (IPFT) group 2A without choroidal neovascularization (CNV).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Nine eyes of six patients that were treated with IMP immediately followed by IVTA at a dose

  1. MODELO DE ATENCIÓN DOROTHEA OREM Y CAMBIOS ACTITUDINALES DEL PACIENTE PEDIÁTRICO ESCOLAR CON CRISIS ASMÁTICA EN ESSALUD Y MINSA 2006 Dorothea Orems Self Care Model and Actitudinal Change of School Pediatric Patient with Asthmatic Crisis in Essalud and Minsa 2006

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Natalia Verán Aylas

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To determine the influence of the application of Dorotea Orems self care model in the actitudinal changes of the school pediatric patients with asthmatic crisis in EsSALUD and MINSA 2006. Material and method: qualitative, quantitative, cuasi experimental, prospective, cross sectional study. We worked with groups already formed before the experiment. A pretest was applied to the school children of

  2. Connected Lending: Thailand before the Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chutatong Charumilind; Raja Kali; Yupana Wiwattanakantang

    2006-01-01

    We used a detailed data set on Thai firms before the Asian crisis of 1997 to examine whether business connections predicted preferential access to long-term bank credit. We found that firms with connections to banks and politicians had greater access to long-term debt than firms without such ties. Connected firms needed less collateral, obtained more long-term loans, and appeared to

  3. Crisis intervention and social work models.

    PubMed

    Porter, R A

    1966-03-01

    Crisis theory is discussed in relation to a mental health consultation project with visiting teachers. Case illustrations of preventive intervention are offered, and characteristics of cases which best lend themselves to this type of intervention are delineated. The adaptability of the supervisory model in social work to the consultation task is demonstrated. Caplan's theory of the theme interference type of consultee-centered case consultation is illustrated in the visiting teacher project. PMID:24190717

  4. Scleroderma renal crisis: New insights and developments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elisa Y. Rhew; Walter G. Barr

    2004-01-01

    Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) was once a uniformly fatal complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). With the introduction\\u000a of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors as treatment, outcomes have improved significantly, though 39% to 50% of SSc patients\\u000a who develop SRC continue to have poor outcomes, including permanent dialysis and death. Early recognition and treatment with\\u000a angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are important in the effective

  5. Germany and America: Crisis of confidence

    SciTech Connect

    Asmus, R.D.

    1991-02-01

    The paper examines the deterioration in German-American relations. The reasons for this downturn in German-American relations are quite simple. Washington views the Persian Gulf crisis as a defining moment in European-American relations and in the creation of a new world order. It is also the first diplomatic test of a unified Germany and a new German-American relationship. It is a test that Germany is thus far seen as having failed for three reasons. First, from the outset many Americans sensed that Germans did not comprehend what this crisis meant for the United States. A second and, in many ways, more worrying factor was the growing sense that the Germans were not being good Europeans. The third and most serious American concern, however, was the unsettling appearance of a very selective German definition of collective defense and common security. The result has been a crisis of confidence in the performance of the German political elite that goes beyond the problems in German-American relations during the early 1980s and the INF debate.

  6. Defining crisis in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorders

    PubMed Central

    Wingsiong, Aranda; Lunsky, Yona

    2014-01-01

    Parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder often report higher levels of depression, anxiety, and mental health–related issues. The combination of stressors and family adjustment difficulties can cause distress which may develop into a crisis. Understanding crisis in the family is important to mental health practice since it can serve as a guide in delivering service to at-risk families. This study investigated the subjective experience of crisis in 155 mothers of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Thematic analysis revealed that crisis is characterized by factors influencing four major areas: demands, internal capabilities, external resources, and subjective appraisal. Understanding what crisis means to families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder can help inform effective preventative and crisis services. PMID:24254639

  7. Uganda and Rwanda: Friends or Enemies?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2000-01-01

    Released on May 4, 2000, this report from the International Crisis Group (ICG) offers a detailed examination of the tensions between two former allies, Uganda and Rwanda. The source of the difficulties is the unrest in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), where each country is heavily involved and pursuing different strategies resulting in military competition. The ICG urges the UN Security Council and all parties concerned to fully implement the Lusaka Agreement of April 14, 2000 and asks for a new dialogue between the formerly friendly neighbors. Both HTML and .pdf versions of the report are posted at the ICG site, but the .pdf version was not accessible when this report went to print.

  8. The current international financial crisis:: how much is new?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven B. Kamin

    1999-01-01

    The paper surveys a broad array of data to compare the scope and impact of three emerging-market financial crises: the debt crisis of the 1980s, the Mexican financial crisis of 1994-95, and the current international financial crisis. While certain conventional views regarding the three episodes are supported by the data examined in this paper, we find that in several respects,

  9. The political economy of oil and the Niger Delta crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Osaro O. Ighodaro

    2005-01-01

    This study is about the burgeoning crisis in Nigeria's Oil Producing Niger Delta region. Discerning the intersecting contributive factors to the crisis, this dissertation suggests that the Niger Delta crisis is symptomatic of challenges to development in Nigeria. Due to the insidious colonial\\/neo-colonial practices of subjugation, and exploitation of the host communities, it is suggested that the extractive, super-profit motive

  10. Did Fair-Value Accounting Contribute to the Financial Crisis?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Laux; Christian Leuz

    2009-01-01

    The recent financial crisis has led to a major debate about fair-value accounting. Many critics have argued that fair-value accounting, often also called mark-to-market accounting, has significantly contributed to the financial crisis or, at least, exacerbated its severity. In this paper, we assess these arguments and examine the role of fair-value accounting in the financial crisis using descriptive data and

  11. Did Fair-Value Accounting Contribute to the Financial Crisis?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Laux; Christian Leuz

    2010-01-01

    The recent financial crisis has led to a major debate about fair-value accounting. Many critics have argued that fair-value accounting, often also called mark-to-market accounting, has significantly contributed to the financial crisis or, at least, exacerbated its severity. In this paper, we assess these arguments and examine the role of fair-value accounting in the financial crisis using descriptive data and

  12. Individualisation in crisis planning for people with psychotic disorders.

    PubMed

    Farrelly, S; Szmukler, G; Henderson, C; Birchwood, M; Marshall, M; Waheed, W; Finnecy, C; Thornicroft, G

    2014-12-01

    Background. In England, people with a serious mental illness are offered a standardized care plan under the Care Programme Approach (CPA). A crisis plan is a mandatory part of this standard; however, the quality and in particular the level of individualisation of these crisis plans are unknown. In this context, the aim of this study was to assess the quality of crisis planning and the impact of exposure to a specialized crisis planning intervention. Method. The crisis plans of 424 participants were assessed, before and after exposure to the Joint Crisis Plan (JCP) intervention, for 'individualisation' (i.e., at least one item of specific and identifiable information about an individual). Associations of individualisation were investigated. Results. A total of 15% of crisis plans were individualised at baseline. There was little or no improvement following exposure to the JCP. Individualised crisis plans were not associated with a history of prior crises or incidences of harm to self and others. Conclusions. Routine crisis planning for individuals with serious mental illness is not influenced by clinical risk profiles. 'Top down' implementation of the policy is unlikely to generate the best practice and compliance if clinicians do not perceive the clinical value in the process. PMID:24016709

  13. Employing crisis postcards with case management in Kaohsiung, Taiwan: 6-month outcomes of a randomised controlled trial for suicide attempters

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Suicide attempts constitute a serious clinical problem and have important implications for healthcare resources. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of case management using crisis postcards over a 6-month follow-up period. Method A randomised controlled trial was conducted in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Prevention of further suicide attempts was compared between two groups with and without the postcard intervention. The intervention group consisted of 373 participants (139 males, 234 females; age: 39.8?±?14.0 yrs.). The control group consisted of 388 participants (113 males, 275 females; age: 40.0?±?16.0 yrs.). A survival analysis was used to test the effectiveness of the crisis postcard intervention for the prevention of suicide reattempts. Per-protocol and intention-to-treat analyses were conducted. Results The intention-to-treat analysis indicated that the crisis postcard had no effect (hazard ratio?=?0.84; 95% CI?=?0.56 – 1.29), whereas the per-protocol analysis showed a strong benefit for the crisis postcard (hazard ratio?=?0.39; 95% CI?=?0.21 – 0.72). Conclusion Although the results of the present study indicated that the postcard intervention did not reduce subsequent suicide behaviour, our study provides an alteration to the postcard intervention. Further studies need to be conducted to clarify whether this type of intervention can reduce subsequent suicidal behaviour, with a particular focus on reducing the rate of loss to follow-up. PMID:23865947

  14. Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath.

    PubMed

    Song, Haijun; Wignall, Paul B; Chu, Daoliang; Tong, Jinnan; Sun, Yadong; Song, Huyue; He, Weihong; Tian, Li

    2014-01-01

    The Permian-Triassic mass extinction was the most severe biotic crisis in the past 500 million years. Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain the crisis, but few account for the spectrum of extinction selectivity and subsequent recovery. Here we show that selective losses are best accounted for by a combination of lethally warm, shallow waters and anoxic deep waters that acted to severely restrict the habitable area to a narrow mid-water refuge zone. The relative tolerance of groups to this double whammy provides the first clear explanation for the selective extinction losses during this double-pulsed crisis and also the fitful recovery. Thus, high temperature intolerant shallow-water dwellers, such as corals, large foraminifers and radiolarians were eliminated first whilst high temperature tolerant ostracods thrived except in anoxic deeper-waters. In contrast, hypoxia tolerant but temperature intolerant small foraminifers were driven from shallow-waters but thrived on dysoxic slopes margins. Only those mollusc groups, which are tolerant of both hypoxia and high temperatures, were able to thrive in the immediate aftermath of the extinction. Limited Early Triassic benthic recovery was restricted to mid-water depths and coincided with intervals of cooling and deepening of water column anoxia that expanded the habitable mid-water refuge zone. PMID:24549265

  15. Combustion Group Group members

    E-print Network

    Wang, Wei

    Combustion Group Group members: Thierry Poinsot, Emilien Courtine, Luc Vervisch, Benjamin Farcy 2014 #12;Combustion Group Combustion Physics and Modeling Pollutants, Emissions, and Soot Formation Thermoacoustics and Combustion Dynamics Research focus § Examine mechanisms responsible for flame stabilization

  16. Crisis and Responses: The Federal Reserve in the Early Stages of the Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen G. Cecchetti

    2009-01-01

    Realizing that their traditional instruments were inadequate for responding to the crisis that began on August 9, 2007, Federal Reserve officials improvised. Beginning in mid-December 2007, they implemented a series of changes directed at ensuring that liquidity would be distributed to those institutions that needed it most. Conceptually, this meant America's central bankers shifted from focusing solely on the size

  17. WTERT-India Observations from India's Crisis Ranjith Annepu Observations from India's Crisis

    E-print Network

    . Public agitation has resulted in some judicial action and remedial response by the government, however, the waste management problems are still unsolved and might lead to a crisis if the status quo persists begun contracting infections; swarms of flies have ever since been pervasive; and a stigma of filth

  18. Global Crisis: Local Reality?--An International Analysis of "Crisis" in the Early Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, E. Jayne; Pramling-Samuelsson, Ingrid

    2014-01-01

    In a recent keynote speech Paul Standish noted "there is agreement in judgments. But how the response to those judgments is realised is always cultural" (paper presented to PESA Conference, Taiwan, 2012, p. 2). Making judgments about what constitutes "crisis" for children is not necessarily agreed universally, though clearly…

  19. Impending conservation crisis for Southeast Asian amphibians

    PubMed Central

    Rowley, Jodi; Brown, Rafe; Bain, Raoul; Kusrini, Mirza; Inger, Robert; Stuart, Bryan; Wogan, Guin; Thy, Neang; Chan-ard, Tanya; Trung, Cao Tien; Diesmos, Arvin; Iskandar, Djoko T.; Lau, Michael; Ming, Leong Tzi; Makchai, Sunchai; Truong, Nguyen Quang; Phimmachak, Somphouthone

    2010-01-01

    With an understudied amphibian fauna, the highest deforestation rate on the planet and high harvesting pressures, Southeast Asian amphibians are facing a conservation crisis. Owing to the overriding threat of habitat loss, the most critical conservation action required is the identification and strict protection of habitat assessed as having high amphibian species diversity and/or representing distinctive regional amphibian faunas. Long-term population monitoring, enhanced survey efforts, collection of basic biological and ecological information, continued taxonomic research and evaluation of the impact of commercial trade for food, medicine and pets are also needed. Strong involvement of regional stakeholders, students and professionals is essential to accomplish these actions. PMID:20007165

  20. Mid-life Crisis: Growth or Stagnation

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Robert; Prosen, Harry

    1972-01-01

    Mid-life has developmental stages and particular tasks that must be successfully completed for growth to continue and psychological stagnation to be avoided. Characteristic of different phases of mid-life are three stages of ego mastery: alloplastic mastery is associated with early adulthood, autoplastic mastery is associated with maturity, and omniplastic mastery is found in old age. A special perspective on one's life and a need to examine one's life are found in mid-life. Difficulties can occur in dealing with this phase and the family physician can be of significant help to his patients who are working through the mid-life crisis. PMID:20468848

  1. Dark Energy: A Crisis for Fundamental Physics

    ScienceCinema

    Stubbs, Christopher [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

    2010-09-01

    Astrophysical observations provide robust evidence that our current picture of fundamental physics is incomplete. The discovery in 1998 that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating (apparently due to gravitational repulsion between regions of empty space!) presents us with a profound challenge, at the interface between gravity and quantum mechanics. This "Dark Energy" problem is arguably the most pressing open question in modern fundamental physics. The first talk will describe why the Dark Energy problem constitutes a crisis, with wide-reaching ramifications. One consequence is that we should probe our understanding of gravity at all accessible scales, and the second talk will present experiments and observations that are exploring this issue.

  2. America's Next Crisis. The Shortfall in Technical Manpower.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FCB Associates, Washington, DC.

    The United States is facing a great crisis: skills gaps in the work force imperil the nation's future. The crisis is elementary: the United States is not educating and training its citizens to be productive and competent members of the work force. Consequently, its people are not qualified enough to meet the demands of the high-technology economy…

  3. The Global Economic Crisis Hampers Human Development. How?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Degol Hailu

    2009-01-01

    For developing economies the current crisis means reduced demand for their exports, a decline in capital inflows and lower income from tourism. This One Pager discusses the transmission of the crisis from changes in aggregate variables to its impact on progress towards human development. The focus is on African economies.

  4. Corporate Performance in the East Asian Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stijn ClaessensSimeon DjankovLixin; Colin Xu

    2000-01-01

    The sharp decline in the once-stellar performance of East Asian corporations following the 1997 financial crisis has sparked an intense debate. Some observers argue that external shocks, including a drop in aggregate demand and a shortage of working capital, explain the corporate sector's poor performance. Others assert that the difficulties were apparent well before the crisis and that the risky

  5. Political Economy of the Asian Financial Crisis, The

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephan Haggard

    2000-01-01

    The Asian crisis has sparked a thoroughgoing reappraisal of current international financial norms, the policy prescriptions of the International Monetary Fund, and the adequacy of the existing financial architecture. To draw proper policy conclusions from the crisis, it is necessary to understand exactly what happened and why from both a political and an economic perspective. In this study, renowned political

  6. Four Theorems and a Financial Crisis Bikramjit Das

    E-print Network

    Embrechts, Paul

    Four Theorems and a Financial Crisis Bikramjit Das Paul Embrechts Vicky Fasen ETH Zurich In this paper we give an academic assessment of the financial crisis (crises) from our point of view and discuss. Related to these theorems, key issues that will be discussed are: financial alchemy on Wall street, risk

  7. Financial Crisis and the Great Depression: A Regime Switching Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick J. Coe

    2002-01-01

    I explore the timing of and effects of the U.S. financial crisis of the 1930s in a regime switching framework. Estimated conditional probabilities over the state of the financial sector suggest that a prolonged period of crisis begins not with the 1929 stock market crash, but with the first banking panic of October 1930. These probabilities also suggest that the

  8. Utilization of medical care following the Three Mile Island crisis.

    PubMed

    Houts, P S; Hu, T W; Henderson, R A; Cleary, P D; Tokuhata, G

    1984-02-01

    Four studies are reported on how utilization of primary health care was affected by the Three Mile Island (TMI) crisis and subsequent distress experienced by persons living in the vicinity of the plant. The studies concerned: 1) Blue Cross-Blue Shield records of claims by primary care physicians in the vicinity of TMI; 2) utilization rates in a family practice located near the facility; 3) interviews with persons living within five miles of TMI following the crisis; and 4) responses to a questionnaire by primary care physicians practicing within 25 miles of TMI. All four studies indicated only slight increases in utilization rates during the year following the crisis. One study found that persons who were upset during the crisis tended to be high practice utilizers both before and after the crisis. These results suggest that, while patterns of physician utilization prior to the TMI crisis predicted emotional response during the crisis, the impact of the TMI crisis on subsequent physician utilization was small. PMID:6691524

  9. Secure cross-domain data sharing architecture for crisis management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vaibhav Gowadia; Enrico Scalavino; Emil C. Lupu; Dmitry Starostin; Alexey Orlov

    2010-01-01

    Crisis management requires rapid sharing of data among organizations responders. Existing crisis management practices rely on ad hoc or centralized data sharing based on agreements written in natural language. The ambiguity of natural language specifications often leads to errors and can hinder data availability. Therefore, it is desirable to develop automatic data sharing systems. This also presents additional challenges, such

  10. Temporal Fluctuations in Suicide Calls to a Crisis Intervention Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noble, Ronald Eugene Stuart

    1996-01-01

    An analysis of suicide-related calls received by a crisis center indicates that the overall number of calls varied by both month and day of the week. Suicide ideation calls, and calls involving a suicide attempt, varied by day of the month. Results could be used in scheduling crisis center staff. (RJM)

  11. Siberian gas venting and the end-Permian environmental crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henrik Svensen; Sverre Planke; Alexander G. Polozov; Norbert Schmidbauer; Fernando Corfu; Yuri Y. Podladchikov; Bjørn Jamtveit

    2009-01-01

    The end of the Permian period is marked by global warming and the biggest known mass extinction on Earth. The crisis is commonly attributed to the formation of the Siberian Traps Large Igneous Province although the causal mechanisms remain disputed. We show that heating of Tunguska Basin sediments by the ascending magma played a key role in triggering the crisis.

  12. Squeezed from All Sides: The CSU Crisis and California's Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2011

    2011-01-01

    California long enjoyed rapid growth, abundant jobs, and expanding college opportunity--key elements of the California dream. Now the state is struggling to recover from its worst economic crisis in generations, a demographic slowdown, a devastating collapse of the wealth of the state' families from the housing crisis, and severe cutbacks in…

  13. Japanese Psychology in Crisis: Thinking Inside the (Empty) Box

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Ryback; Akira Ikemi; Toru Kuno; Yoshihiko Miki

    2001-01-01

    In part because of the information revolution, Japan is experiencing a crisis in culture. Because it is more sensitive to culture than other approaches, humanistic psychology may have much to offer in this time of crisis, particularly because of the Japanese value of inner privacy. Tomoda has explored ways of translating Rogers’s approach into a Japanese context of Zen, including

  14. Enabling GeoCollaborative crisis management through advanced geoinformation technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guoray Cai; Alan M. MacEachren; Rajeev Sharma; Isaac Brewer; Sven Fuhrmann; Michael D. McNeese

    2005-01-01

    Crisis events have dramatic impact on human society, economy and our environment. Geographical information and intelligence play a key role in crisis management activities. However, the use of geographical information technologies in responsible government agencies has been mostly confined to single users, and within single agency. An interdisciplinary team from Penn State University (comprised of GIScientists, information scientists, and computer

  15. Human-GIS interaction issues in crisis response

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guoray Cai; Rajeev Sharma; Alan M. MacEachren; Isaac Brewer

    2006-01-01

    Geospatial information systems (GIS) provide a central infrastructure for computer supported crisis management in terms of database, analytical models and visualization tools, but the user interfaces of such systems are still hard to use, and do not address the special needs of crisis managers who often work in teams and make judgments and decisions under stress. This paper articulates the

  16. Librarianship in the 21st Century--Crisis or Transformation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillenbrand, Candy

    2005-01-01

    The author argues that the profession of librarianship is in crisis. She seeks to identify the characteristics and analyse the qualities of this phenomenon in order to draw conclusions about future trends and directions for the profession. It is argued that this crisis is an outward sign of a deeper transformation which is taking place and which…

  17. Is There an Identity Crisis in Medical School Pharmacology?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Csaky, T. Z.

    1976-01-01

    Rudolf Buchheim's thesis on why and how to teach pharmacology to medical students is reexamined in view of the so-called identity crisis. It is suggested that the crisis is not one of identity but one of acceptance of medical school pharmacology by clinical colleagues and professional educators. (LBH)

  18. Presidential Perspectives of Crisis Preparedness at Christian Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrell, Stacy M.; Heiselt, April K.

    2012-01-01

    Crises, whether human or natural, occur on all college campuses. Extensive research has been conducted on crisis preparedness at four-year, nondenominational institutions. This study examined crisis preparedness at Christian institutions of higher education. The study examined the perspectives of presidents of Christian institutions of higher…

  19. Alternate interpretation of the Messinian salinity crisis: Controversy resolved?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Georges Clauzon; Jean-Pierre Suc; François Gautier; André Berger; Marie-France Loutre

    1996-01-01

    A high-resolution chronology of the Mediterranean Messinian salinity crisis is proposed. Two types of evaporite deposition may be distinguished: those in marginal areas vs. those in basinal ones. Their diachroneity is deduced from the stratigraphic relationships linking these evaporites to a major Messinian erosional surface. A two-step model is proposed for the evolution of the salinity crisis through time. During

  20. The Next Great Crisis in American Education: Computer Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molnar, Andrew R.

    1978-01-01

    In an information society, a computer literate populace is as important as energy is to an industrial society. Other nations have begun the task of restructuring their systems to include computers and unless the United States begins soon, the next crisis in American education will be the computer literacy crisis. (Author)

  1. The globalisation of capital, crisis and class struggle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simon Clarke

    2001-01-01

    The relation between capital accumulation, crisis and class struggle has been a central theme of CSE since its foundation, indeed it has been central to Marxism since Marx and Engels first addressed the issue in The Communist Manifesto in 1848. In the wake of the East Asia crisis, and perhaps on the eve of another wave of crises of global

  2. Classroom Crisis Counseling in the Aftermath of School Violence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paris, Norma Jean

    Numerous counseling needs are generated in the aftermath of school crises, particularly crises involving school violence. Meeting these needs can be assisted when school psychologists involve classroom teachers in the planning and implementation of crisis counseling. This paper provides information about a crisis counseling intervention model…

  3. Intersection of crisis loci in a driven nonlinearly damped oscillator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Palmero; F. Romero Romero; J. L. Romero; J. F. R. Archilla

    1995-01-01

    We report on a phenomenon observed in a driven nonlinearly damped oscillator when two control parameters, the frequency of the external excitation and the nonlinear damping coefficient, are varied simultaneously. An interior crisis locus and a boundary crisis locus, corresponding to two different chaotic attractors, intersect in a point of the parameter space. There exists an interchange in the type

  4. Utilization of medical care following the Three Mile Island crisis.

    PubMed Central

    Houts, P S; Hu, T W; Henderson, R A; Cleary, P D; Tokuhata, G

    1984-01-01

    Four studies are reported on how utilization of primary health care was affected by the Three Mile Island (TMI) crisis and subsequent distress experienced by persons living in the vicinity of the plant. The studies concerned: 1) Blue Cross-Blue Shield records of claims by primary care physicians in the vicinity of TMI; 2) utilization rates in a family practice located near the facility; 3) interviews with persons living within five miles of TMI following the crisis; and 4) responses to a questionnaire by primary care physicians practicing within 25 miles of TMI. All four studies indicated only slight increases in utilization rates during the year following the crisis. One study found that persons who were upset during the crisis tended to be high practice utilizers both before and after the crisis. These results suggest that, while patterns of physician utilization prior to the TMI crisis predicted emotional response during the crisis, the impact of the TMI crisis on subsequent physician utilization was small. PMID:6691524

  5. A Cost Sharing Plan: Solutions for the Child Care Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delaware Valley Child Care Council, Philadelphia, PA.

    This booklet discusses the current child care crisis and suggests a solution to the crisis. The gap between the cost of child care and parents' ability to pay is restricting the expansion and availability of child care services and undercutting the quality of child care. The average cost of full-day child care in the Delaware Valley, Pennsylvania,…

  6. Mapping a Crisis, One Text Message at a Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bauduy, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    An interactive mapping project is revolutionizing the way crises are reported and managed, and is spotlighting the value of citizen journalism. The project, called Ushahidi, which means testimony in Swahili, uses crowdsourcing (gathering information from a large number of people) to map crisis information. This crisis mapping tool has since been…

  7. Stumbling towards collapse: coming to terms with the climate crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terry Leahy; Vanessa Bowden; Steven Threadgold

    2010-01-01

    Leading sociologists have approached the climate crisis by emphasising a way forward and identifying hopeful directions. What sense is to be made of suggestions that we are instead on the brink of a ‘collapse’ in which the crisis is not resolved but leads to the end of existing civilisation? Partly based on three studies of contemporary opinion in the Hunter

  8. Oil and Security in Nigeria: The Niger Delta Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olayiwola Owolabi; Iwebunor Okwechime

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines oil and security in Nigeria, with special reference to the crisis-ravaged Niger Delta. Its focus on the Niger Delta and its festering crisis stems from that region's critical importance to Nigeria. As the nation's treasure base, the Niger Delta provides over 80 percent of government revenues, 95 percent of export receipts, and 90 percent of foreign exchange

  9. A social science research agenda on the financial crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sylvia Walby

    2010-01-01

    There is a need to develop a social science research agenda on finance, financialisation and the financial crisis. The financial crisis was not anticipated by most social scientists. Indeed, the development of new financial instruments was supposed to manage risks effectively. Yet, financialisation has led to devastating effects on the economy and society, creating a deep and widespread recession, with

  10. Crisis management planning and the threat of bioterrorism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brenda J Wrigley; Charles T Salmon; Hyun Soon Park

    2003-01-01

    With acts of bioterrorism increasingly garnering attention worldwide, the subject of crisis preparedness for organizations takes on added meaning. This study of 72 of Michigan’s largest corporations found that 70% of those surveyed had crisis management plans in place, but only 12% had plans that specifically dealt with bioterrorism. Awareness of bioterrorism, perceived seriousness and controllability, and perceived susceptibility were

  11. Child and Family Policies in a Time of Economic Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Dominic

    2010-01-01

    At the beginning of 2008, a number of the world's major economies began to experience the effects of the biggest economic financial crisis in history. By the end of that year, the financial crisis was a global recession, and governments responded with changes to a suite of social and economic policies. Two broad stages of government response are…

  12. Utilization of medical care following the Three Mile Island crisis

    SciTech Connect

    Houts, P.S.; Hu, T.W.; Henderson, R.A.; Cleary, P.D.; Tokuhata, G.

    1984-02-01

    Four studies are reported on how utilization of primary health care was affected by the Three Mile Island (TMI) crisis and subsequent distress experienced by persons living in the vicinity of the plant. The studies concerned: 1) Blue Cross-Blue Shield records of claims by primary care physicians in the vicinity of TMI; 2) utilization rates in a family practice located near the facility; 3) interviews with persons living within five miles of TMI following the crisis; and 4) responses to a questionnaire by primary care physicians practicing within 25 miles of TMI. All four studies indicated only slight increases in utilization rates during the year following the crisis. One study found that persons who were upset during the crisis tended to be high practice utilizers both before and after the crisis. These results suggest that, while patterns of physician utilization prior to the TMI crisis predicted emotional response during the crisis, the impact of the TMI crisis on subsequent physician utilization was small.

  13. Crisis Begets Change: Hurricane Recovery at Gulf Coast Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Mahauganee Dawn

    2012-01-01

    Despite a growing body of literature on campus crisis management and the breadth of research on organizational change, little is known about organizational changes prompted by campus crisis. The purpose of this study is to examine the changes made to the operational profiles of Gulf Coast institutions during the process of recovering from major…

  14. Crisis relocation and nuclear deterrence. Student essay

    SciTech Connect

    Kiser, J.L.

    1986-04-07

    The difficulty of providing adequate protection to the civilian population with some kind of civil defense program is magnified by the technology available in the nuclear age. The United States expanded its civil defense program in the 1950's to include a measure of protection in the event of the explosion of nuclear devices. However, the history of the United States civil defense program has been generally characterized by inadequate funding and little interest at all levels of government. Most recently, the civil defense program has been associated and considered a component of nuclear deterrence. Under the direction of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the government will rely on crisis relocation as the primary means of protecting the population in the event of a nuclear attack or detonation. This plan envisions that evacuation of the population from high-risk areas to safer host areas. Does crisis relocation provide the country with a credible component to our nuclear deterrence. Do the leaders and citizens have confidence in the nation's ability to protect the civilian population. Have the leaders been completely forthright in preparing the population for the possibility of a nuclear war. These and related issues are discussed in this essay.

  15. Id: identity-crisis-body.tex 1355 2011-01-02 14:00:45Z jhh The Identity Crisis

    E-print Network

    Hoepman, Jaap-Henk

    Preprint Id: identity-crisis-body.tex 1355 2011-01-02 14:00:45Z jhh The Identity Crisis Security, Privacy and Usability Issues in Identity Management Gergely Alpár · Jaap-Henk Hoepman · Johanneke Siljee January 2, 2011 Abstract This paper studies the current `identity cri- sis' caused by the substantial

  16. Local Group(s)

    E-print Network

    Eva K. Grebel

    2006-05-22

    The properties of the galaxies of the Local Group are reviewed, followed by a brief discussion of nearby groups. The galaxy groups in our vicinity - the M81 group, the Cen A group, and the IC 342/Maffei group - are in many respects Local Group analogs: Their luminosity functions, galaxy content, fractional galaxy type distribution, crossing times, masses, and zero-velocity surface radii are similar to those of the Local Group. Also, the nearby groups usually consist of two subgroups, some of which approach each other and may ultimately merge to form a fossil group. These poor groups contrast with the less evolved, loose and extended galaxy ``clouds'' such as the Scl group and the CVn I cloud. These are characterized by long crossing times, are dominated by gas-rich, late-type galaxies, and lack gas-deficient, low luminosity early-type dwarfs. These clouds may be groups still in formation. The local Hubble flow derived from the clouds and groups is very cold.

  17. Impact of the 2008 economic and financial crisis on child health: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Rajmil, Luis; Fernandez de Sanmamed, María-José; Choonara, Imti; Faresjö, Tomas; Hjern, Anders; Kozyrskyj, Anita L; Lucas, Patricia J; Raat, Hein; Séguin, Louise; Spencer, Nick; Taylor-Robinson, David

    2014-06-01

    The aim of this study was to provide an overview of studies in which the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on child health was reported. Structured searches of PubMed, and ISI Web of Knowledge, were conducted. Quantitative and qualitative studies reporting health outcomes on children, published since 2007 and related to the 2008 economic crisis were included. Two reviewers independently assessed studies for inclusion. Data were synthesised as a narrative review. Five hundred and six titles and abstracts were reviewed, from which 22 studies were included. The risk of bias for quantitative studies was mixed while qualitative studies showed low risk of bias. An excess of 28,000-50,000 infant deaths in 2009 was estimated in sub-Saharan African countries, and increased infant mortality in Greece was reported. Increased price of foods was related to worsening nutrition habits in disadvantaged families worldwide. An increase in violence against children was reported in the U.S., and inequalities in health-related quality of life appeared in some countries. Most studies suggest that the economic crisis has harmed children's health, and disproportionately affected the most vulnerable groups. There is an urgent need for further studies to monitor the child health effects of the global recession and to inform appropriate public policy responses. PMID:25019121

  18. Impact of the 2008 Economic and Financial Crisis on Child Health: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Rajmil, Luis; Fernandez de Sanmamed, María-José; Choonara, Imti; Faresjö, Tomas; Hjern, Anders; Kozyrskyj, Anita L.; Lucas, Patricia J.; Raat, Hein; Séguin, Louise; Spencer, Nick; Taylor-Robinson, David

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to provide an overview of studies in which the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on child health was reported. Structured searches of PubMed, and ISI Web of Knowledge, were conducted. Quantitative and qualitative studies reporting health outcomes on children, published since 2007 and related to the 2008 economic crisis were included. Two reviewers independently assessed studies for inclusion. Data were synthesised as a narrative review. Five hundred and six titles and abstracts were reviewed, from which 22 studies were included. The risk of bias for quantitative studies was mixed while qualitative studies showed low risk of bias. An excess of 28,000–50,000 infant deaths in 2009 was estimated in sub-Saharan African countries, and increased infant mortality in Greece was reported. Increased price of foods was related to worsening nutrition habits in disadvantaged families worldwide. An increase in violence against children was reported in the U.S., and inequalities in health-related quality of life appeared in some countries. Most studies suggest that the economic crisis has harmed children’s health, and disproportionately affected the most vulnerable groups. There is an urgent need for further studies to monitor the child health effects of the global recession and to inform appropriate public policy responses. PMID:25019121

  19. Combustion Group Group members

    E-print Network

    Wang, Wei

    Combustion Group Group members: Thierry Poinsot, Emilien Courtine, Luc Vervisch, Benjamin Farcy § New combustion and energy-conversion concepts #12;Introduction Combustion research thrusts Combustion Dynamics and Flame-Stabilization Research objectives § Obtain fundamental understanding of combustion

  20. Piloting a new model of crisis counseling: specialized crisis counseling services in Mississippi after Hurricane Katrina.

    PubMed

    Jones, Kris; Allen, Mardi; Norris, Fran H; Miller, Christy

    2009-05-01

    During January-April 2007, Project Recovery, a federally funded crisis counseling program implemented by Mississippi's Department of Mental Health, piloted a new model of Specialized Crisis Counseling Services (SCCS) on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. In this team-based approach, a masters-level counselor trained in a variety of intervention techniques and a resource coordinator worked together with persons whose needs were relatively intense. Compared to regular program (RCCS) participants over the same interval (n = 29,522), SCCS participants (n = 281) were more likely to be female, middle-aged, and at greater risk for severe distress. In a participant survey conducted in both programs over the same week, SCCS participants reported significantly greater benefit than did RCCS participants. A subset of 129 SCCS participants provided pre- and post-participation assessments and showed large improvements in disaster-related distress. PMID:19365724

  1. Challenges of the management of mass casualty: lessons learned from the Jos crisis of 2001

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Jos has witnessed a series of civil crises which have generated mass casualties that the Jos University Teaching Hospital has had to respond to from time to time. We review the challenges that we encountered in the management of the victims of the 2001 crisis. Methodology We reviewed the findings of our debriefing sessions following the sectarian crisis of September 2001 and identified the challenges and obstacles experienced during these periods. Results Communication was a major challenge, both within and outside the hospital. In the field, there was poor field triage and no prehospital care. Transportation and evacuation was hazardous, for both injured patients and medical personnel. This was worsened by the imposition of a curfew on the city and its environs. In the hospital, supplies such as fluids, emergency drugs, sterile dressings and instruments, splints, and other consumables, blood and food were soon exhausted. Record keeping was erratic. Staff began to show signs of physical and mental exhaustion as well as features of anxiety and stress. Tensions rose between different religious groups in the hospital and an attempt was made by rioters to attack the hospital. Patients suffered poor subsequent care following resuscitation and/or surgery and there was neglect of patients on admission prior to the crisis as well as non trauma medical emergencies. Conclusion Mass casualties from disasters that disrupt organized societal mechanisms for days can pose significant challenges to the best of institutional disaster response plans. In the situation that we experienced, our disaster plan was impractical initially because it failed to factor in such a prolongation of both crisis and response. We recommend that institutional disaster response plans should incorporate provisions for the challenges we have enumerated and factor in peculiarities that would emanate from the need for a prolonged response. PMID:24164778

  2. Was the global food crisis really a crisis?: Simulations versus self-reporting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek Headey

    2011-01-01

    Estimates by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the World Bank concerning the welfare impact of the 2007\\/08 global food crisis conclude that between 75 million and 160 million people were thrown into hunger or poverty. However, these simulation-based approaches suffer from inherent deficiencies as well as insufficient coverage of the largest

  3. Can leading indicators assess country vulnerability? Evidence from the 200809 global financial crisis

    E-print Network

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    - change market pressure during the current crisis. We define the period of the global financial shock countries were badly impacted by the global financial crisis of 2008­09. The crisis renewed interest paper is not a study of the ori- gins of the global financial crisis. Others have pondered how and why

  4. Sovereign bond spread drivers in the EU market in the aftermath of the global financial crisis

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Sovereign bond spread drivers in the EU market in the aftermath of the global financial crisis financial crisis since the great depression. This unprecedented crisis started in mid-2007 had a huge impact on sovereign bond yields in many advanced European economies. Key-words: Debt, Euro zone crisis, financial

  5. Más allá de la eficiencia: Lecciones éticas de la crisis para la cultura empresarial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antonio Argandoña

    2010-01-01

    Se ha dicho a menudo que la crisis financiera que ha venido golpeando a la economía mundial desde mediados de 2007 es una crisis ética. Al estudiar las conductas de los agentes que tomaron las decisiones importantes que pudieron conducir a la crisis, podemos encontrar, desde luego, muchas conductas inmorales, pero también están presentes en otros entornos. Que la crisis

  6. The Uses of Crisis: Taking the Tide at the Flood. ASHE Annual Meeting 1981 Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerchner, Charles T.; Schuster, Jack H.

    The management strategy of calling attention to problems and labeling them as crises is discussed as a method of coping with prolonged periods of shrinking resources. Part I, "Entering the Realm of Crisis," discusses the importance of defining a crisis, the crisis as an organizational good, and when to declare a crisis. Two types of crises are…

  7. Fight, Flight or Freeze: Assumed Reactions of the Public During a Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Misse Wester

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on how professionals at municipal level responsible for crisis communication (N=152) in Sweden judge the probability of 10 different responses occurring among the public, among people within their own emergency organization and themselves in case of a crisis. The direct physical effects of the crisis were kept identical throughout the study, but the cause of the crisis

  8. The Study of a Financial Crisis Prediction Model based on XBRL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fengyi Lin; Deron Liang; Shih-jung Chiu

    2008-01-01

    Recent outbreak of corporate financial crises worldwide has brought attention to the need for a new international financial architecture which rests on crisis prediction and crisis management. Financial data have been widely used by researchers to predict financial crisis, but few studies exploit the use of non-financial indicators in corporate governance to construct financial crisis prediction model. This article introduces

  9. Why has China survived the Asian crisis so well? What risks remain?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John G. Fernald; Oliver D. Babson

    1999-01-01

    China's strong growth in the midst of the Asian crisis is striking. We explore features of China's financial system that helped insulate it from the crisis, and then try to assess whether China has avoided crisis or simply deferred it. We argue that regardless of whether the Asian crisis resulted from weak fundamentals or from \\

  10. LENR/"Cold Fusion" and Modern Physics: A Crisis Within a Crisis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mallove, Eugene F. E.

    2004-03-01

    The primary theorists in the field of Cold Fusion/LENR have generally assumed that the excess heat phenomena is commensurate with nuclear ash (such as helium), whether already identified or presumed to be present but not yet found, and moreover that it can be explained by hydrided metal lattice structures acting coherently. Though this was an excellent initial hypothesis, the commensurate nuclear ash hypothesis has not been proved, and appears to be approximately correct in only a few experiments. At the same time, compelling evidence has also emerged for other microphysical sources of energy that were unexpected by accepted physics. The exemplars have been the work Dr. Randell Mills and his colleagues at BlackLight Power Corporation and Dr. Paulo and Alexandra Correa in Canada.This has led to a crisis within a crisis: Neither "cold fusion" nor "Modern Physics" will be able to explain the full range of experimental data now available---not even the data within "mainstream" cold fusion/LENR per se--- by insisting that the fundamental paradigms of Modern Physics are without significant flaw. The present crisis is of magnitude comparable to the Copernican Revolution. Neither Modern Physics nor Cold Fusion/LENR will survive in their present forms when this long delayed revolution has run its course.

  11. Reading Like a Historian: Cuban Missile Crisis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Stanford History Education Group

    2012-11-03

    In this lesson, students analyze primary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: Why did the Russians pull their missiles out of Cuba? The teacher begins by recapping the Cold War and the presence of missiles in Cuba and streams a video clip from Discovery Education about the Crisis and the negotiations that ended it. Students then analyze, in pairs, 3 documents: 1) a letter from Chairman Khrushchev to President Kennedy, 2) a letter from Kennedy to Khrushchev, and 3) a cable from Soviet ambassador Dobrynin to his foreign ministry. For each, they answer guiding questions. A final class discussion addresses the documents: What kind of a deal was struck? Why was it secret? Does the class textbook mention it?

  12. China's Looming Crisis-Inflation Returns

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2007-01-01

    Inflation is serious business for any nation's economy, and in the case of China, it is a growing area of concern for policymakers, economists, and other such types. This very topic is the subject of a recent policy brief written by Albert Keidel on behalf of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Published in September 2007, this eight-page policy brief takes a critical look at the potential for an inflation crisis in China. After a brief narrative introduction, Keidel proceeds to offer a number of thoughtful recommendations. These recommendations include suggestions that the Chinese government should raise key deposit rates and enable farm diversification by increasing wheat and rice imports. The paper also notes, "The next fifteen months will be especially crucial for China. Foreign criticism has already been severe, thanks to imbroglios over food and toy safety, dollar-holding scares, and Olympics-related activism."

  13. Scenario Crisis Cases in Distance Learning Sessions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antunes, A.

    2013-04-01

    We discuss early results using student-lead role-play of crises and disaster scenarios to encourage engagement in distance learning sessions. The disadvantage of distance learning via web interface—the lack of face-to-face and the ease with which a student can remain quiet—is balanced by the wealth of Internet-accessible media reports of past mission disasters. Capitol College minimizes the lecture component to simply frame each session's open-ended crisis in our Mission Operations engineering course. The students are presented with a historical ‘disaster’ but not its resolution; they present their course of action, then the lecturer steps in to debrief. With a wealth of past cases available on the web, use of scenarios rather than lectures shows early signs of being viable model for encouraging discussion and interaction within distance learning for a variety of course topics.

  14. The education crisis: A utility challenge

    SciTech Connect

    Croom, J.H.

    1990-04-12

    Fuzzy altruism is not enough to solve the problems of a nation facing a crisis in education. This top executive of a major natural gas company issues a personal challenge to his utility industry colleagues to get involved in the three Cs - and quick. The current critical state of the country's education system should not be news to any utility executive. The shocking statistics on the declining ability of students to read, write, or do simple math and on the level of dropouts bombard us almost daily. The president has challenged Congress and the nation's governors with a six-point program to restore the country's education vigor by the year 2000. At its recent meeting, the National Governors' Association accepted the challenge and adopted a program calling for sweeping, fundamental changes in our education system. In each state all citizens - notably businessmen - can expect a call for support as strategies for basic education reform are developed and implemented.

  15. Kesterson crisis: Sorting out the facts

    SciTech Connect

    Benson, S.M. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Delamore, M.; Hoffman, S. (Bureau of Reclamation, Sacramento, CA (United States). Mid-Pacific Region)

    1990-07-01

    The Kesterson Reservoir was planned as a regulating facility to control drainage water discharges into the San Joaquin-Scaramento River Delta from the San Luis Drain'' which was to dispose of salt-ladin agricultural water. Anticipated environmental impacts of the Kesterson operations focused almost exclusively on problems related to seepage and water-logging of nearby lands. Reuse of drainage water for wetlands focused on excessive salinity. Drainage water entered the reservoir in 1978. By 1983 elevated levels of selenium were found with selenium poisoning causing deformed embryos of water birds, adult bird mortality and their poor reproductive success. An estimated 9000 kg of selenium was delivered to Kesterson between 1981 to 1986. This paper details the chronology of the Kesterson crisis and environmental remediation. 20 refs., 1 fig. (BJN)

  16. Thermal crisis of a vortex source

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kucherov, A. N.

    2011-07-01

    The effect of circulation in the field of a bulk vortex source on thermal crisis (flow choking induced by energy supply in a layer in accordance with a known law) is studied. Substantial changes in the value of energy supply parameter and slight variations in the coordinate of the critical cross section in which the velocity of sound is attained are revealed, and the dependence of these parameters on the location and width of the heat-supply region is noted. The possibility of transition to a supersonic flow when the heat release region is near the minimal cross section of the vortex source is analyzed. The difference between the cases of polyatomic and monatomic gases is demonstrated. Distinguishing features of the vortex sink are considered.

  17. Rate shock crisis faces completed nukes

    SciTech Connect

    Utroska, D.

    1982-05-01

    Political reluctance on the part of regulators to grant utilities a full rate base for large generating plants is a new crisis facing utilities with newly completed nuclear plants. Zero- or partial-rate treatment for large new plants will increase the financial strains of electric companies if they cannot recover their investment. Such rate decisions will affect the commitment to uncompleted and planned nuclear plants as the economic advantage is removed. Economists warn that consumer resistance to large rate increases to cover construction periods could lead to an overhaul of regulatory practices. Alternatives to sudden rate shocks could be moderated with phased-in increases or rate trending. Analysts disagree on whether consumer opposition is the beginning of a national movement or a regional response, but if other states follow Alabama's example of turning rate decisions over to the courts, it may confirm their assessment that the trending approach is unworkable. (DCK)

  18. National Association of School Psychologists: Crisis Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Helping young people deal with crises can be a difficult task, and is something that should not be taken lightly. The National Association of School Psychologists has brought together a set of valuable resources on this site for professionals who work with children. The resources are divided into eight different sections, and they include links to other online resources, and those that deal with specific subjects, such as suicide, trauma, and natural disasters. The natural disaster section includes fact sheets on how to help children after a wildfire and in the aftermath of a tsunami. Moving on, the suicide section contains like-minded materials on how to address teen suicide and preventive measures. The site is rounded out with a selection of crisis resources in Spanish.

  19. HIV/AIDS and Africa's orphan crisis.

    PubMed

    Leyenaar, Joanna K

    2005-05-01

    The number of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS in the developing world has reached crisis proportions. In Sub-Saharan Africa, HIV/AIDS has exacerbated poverty in many communities and has weakened the capacity of many countries to care for their orphaned children. The present article discusses orphanage care and its alternatives in Sub-Saharan Africa. The physical and mental health effects of parental loss are discussed and the psychosocial impacts of institutional care are reviewed. Foster care is discussed as a potential long-term strategy to help communities cope with the rising numbers of HIV/AIDS orphans. The importance of community-based care is highlighted. PMID:19668626

  20. Crisis as opportunity: international health work during the economic depression.

    PubMed

    Borowy, Iris

    2008-01-01

    The economic depression of the 1930s represented the most important economic and social crisis of its time. Surprisingly, its effect on health did not show in available morbidity and mortality rates. In 1932, the League of Nations Health Organisation embarked on a six-point program addressing statistical methods of measuring the effect and its influence on mental health and nutrition and establishing ways to safeguard public health through more efficient health systems. Some of these studies resulted in considerations of general relevance beyond crisis management. Unexpectedly, the crisis offered an opportunity to reconsider key concepts of individual and public health. PMID:19230333

  1. Independents' group posts loss

    SciTech Connect

    Sanders, V.; Price, R.B.

    1992-11-23

    Low oil gas prices and special charges caused the group of 50 U.S. independent producers Oil and Gas Journal tracks to post a combined loss in first half 1992. The group logged a net loss of $53 million in the first half compared with net earnings of $354 million in first half 1991, when higher oil prices during the Persian Gulf crisis buoyed earnings in spite of crude oil and natural gas production declines. The combined loss in the first half follows a 45% drop in the group's earnings in 1991 and compares with the OGJ group of integrated oil companies whose first half 1992 income fell 47% from the prior year. Special charges, generally related to asset writedowns, accounted for most of the almost $560 million in losses posted by about the third of the group. Nerco Oil and Gas Inc., Vancouver, Wash., alone accounted for almost half that total with charges related to an asset writedown of $238 million in the first quarter. Despite the poor first half performance, the outlook is bright for sharply improved group earnings in the second half, assuming reasonably healthy oil and gas prices and increased production resulting from acquisitions and in response to those prices.

  2. Exploiting social media for Army operations: Syrian crisis use case

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kase, Sue E.; Bowman, Elizabeth K.; Al Amin, Tanvir; Abdelzaher, Tarek

    2014-05-01

    Millions of people exchange user-generated information through online social media (SM) services. The prevalence of SM use globally and its growing significance to the evolution of events has attracted the attention of the Army and other agencies charged with protecting national security interests. The information exchanged in SM sites and the networks of people who interact with these online communities can provide value to Army intelligence efforts. SM could facilitate the Military Decision Making Process by providing ongoing assessment of military actions from a local citizen perspective. Despite potential value, there are significant technological barriers to leveraging SM. SM collection and analysis are difficult in the dynamic SM environment and deception is a real concern. This paper introduces a credibility analysis approach and prototype fact-finding technology called the "Apollo Fact-finder" that mitigates the problem of inaccurate or falsified SM data. Apollo groups data into sets (or claims), corroborating specific observations, then iteratively assesses both claim and source credibility resulting in a ranking of claims by likelihood of occurrence. These credibility analysis approaches are discussed in the context of a conflict event, the Syrian civil war, and applied to tweets collected in the aftermath of the Syrian chemical weapons crisis.

  3. Effect of pregnancy during TMI crisis on mothers' mental health and their child's development.

    PubMed

    Houts, P S; Tokuhata, G K; Bratz, J; Bartholomew, M J; Sheffer, K W

    1991-03-01

    Five years after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the mental health of women who had been pregnant and living within 10 miles of Three Mile Island at the time of the accident was similar to that of women from the same area who became pregnant after the accident. Ratings of the development of the two groups of children when they were 5 years old were also similar. However, women who were pregnant during the crisis and had been "extremely disturbed" about their pregnancies rated their children's health as poorer than did the women who were pregnant later. PMID:1994750

  4. Effect of pregnancy during TMI crisis on mothers' mental health and their child's development

    SciTech Connect

    Houts, P.S.; Tokuhata, G.K.; Bratz, J.; Bartholomew, M.J.; Sheffer, K.W. (Pennsylvania State Univ. College of Medicine, Hershey (USA))

    1991-03-01

    Five years after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the mental health of women who had been pregnant and living within 10 miles of Three Mile Island at the time of the accident was similar to that of women from the same area who became pregnant after the accident. Ratings of the development of the two groups of children when they were 5 years old were also similar. However, women who were pregnant during the crisis and had been extremely disturbed about their pregnancies rated their children's health as poorer than did the women who were pregnant later.

  5. Farm Crisis and Suicide: Dying on the Vine?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ragland, John D.; Berman, Alan L.

    1991-01-01

    Examined relationship between farm economic crisis and farmer suicide rates using data from 15 states from 1980 to 1985. Found suicide rates for farmers were greater than truck drivers but no different from forestry workers. (Author/ABL)

  6. Corporate Governance & The UK Split Capital Investment Trust Crisis 

    E-print Network

    Adams, Andrew T; Angus, Robin

    2005-01-01

    of corporate governance issues. This paper draws on the results of a survey of investment trust directors and other investment professionals connected with the investment trust industry to examine the lessons to be learned from the crisis. The regulatory...

  7. An overview of crisis management in the coke industry

    SciTech Connect

    Saunders, D.A.

    1995-12-01

    Members of the American Coke and Coal Chemicals Institute (ACCCI), as responsible corporate citizens, have embraced the concepts of crisis management and progress down the various paths of planning and preparation, monitoring, media communications, community outreach, emergency response, and recovery. Many of the concepts outlined here reflect elements of crisis management guidelines developed by the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA). At a coke plant, crises can take the form of fires, chemical releases, labor strikes, feedstock supply disruptions, and excessive snowfall, just to name a few. The CMA defines a crisis as: ``an unplanned event that has the potential to significantly impact a company`s operability or credibility, or to pose a significant environment, economic or legal liability``; and crisis management as: ``those activities undertaken to anticipate or prevent, prepare for, respond to and recover from any incident that has the potential to greatly affect the way a company conducts its business.

  8. Helping Children Cope with Crisis: Just for Parents

    MedlinePLUS

    ... war in Iraq, or famine and conflict in Africa. By working together to handle an everyday crisis, ... 13/2006 NICHDWWWPageContent1 Home Accessibility Contact Disclaimer Privacy Policy FOIA Facebook Twitter Pinterest YouTube Mobile RSS NIH... ...

  9. PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE What is a psychological crisis?

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE ABUSE What is a psychological crisis? This occurs when an individual CRIMINAL OR VIOLENT BEHAVIOR SECTION #12;3 SUBSTANCE ABUSE What do I need to know about substance abuse

  10. Temperament types: midlife death concerns, demographics, and intensity of crisis.

    PubMed

    Waskel, S A

    1995-03-01

    Individuals (N = 331) between the ages 35 and 55 completed a death concern scale and a temperament type sorter and provided information relative to the intensity of and their ability to identify a midlife crisis event. Participants were classified within temperament types by gender, education level, crisis intensity, and ability to identify the crisis event. Five temperament types (ESTJ [extrovert, sensing, thinking, judging], ESFJ [extrovert, sensing, feeling, judging], ISFJ [introvert, sensing, feeling, judging], ISTJ [introvert, sensing, thinking, judging], and ENFP [extrovert, intuitive, feeling, perceiving]) significantly correlated with thinking about and anxiety about death. Gender and education level, as well as crisis intensity, also correlated significantly with death concerns. Temperament type characteristics that may have relevancy to the findings are discussed. PMID:7760296

  11. Spiritual care in a crisis: what is enough?

    PubMed

    Fraley, Hannah; Theissen, Elmer J; Jiwanlal, Shiloh

    2014-01-01

    Nurses encounter crisis regularly. What are appropriate spiritual interventions? Christians are encouraged to use every opportunity to be a witness for Christ. Should nurses share their faith in times of crisis? The experience of a nurse caring for a mother after perinatal loss is explored by a philosopher, mental health clinical nurse specialist, and the nurse, who wonders if she should have done things differently. PMID:25004727

  12. An Analytic Network Process model for financial-crisis forecasting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael P. Niemira; Thomas L. Saaty

    2004-01-01

    We discuss and develop an imbalance-crisis turning point model to forecast the likelihood of a financial crisis based on an Analytic Network Process framework. The Analytic Network Process (ANP) is a general theory of relative measurement used to derive composite-priority-ratio scales from individual-ratio scales that represent relative influence of factors that interact with respect to control criteria. Through its supermatrix,

  13. On achieving exoneration after a product safety industrial crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George J. Siomkos

    1999-01-01

    Deals with the management of industrial crises, low-probability, high-impact events which typically affect companies involved in them, negatively. Specifically examines the role of three important factors, i.e. company’s reputation, the organizational response that it selects to adopt in order to deal with the crisis, and external effects that are faced during a product safety crisis. Emphasis is placed on determining

  14. Trust, confidence, and the 2008 global financial crisis.

    PubMed

    Earle, Timothy C

    2009-06-01

    The 2008 global financial crisis has been compared to a "once-in-a-century credit tsunami," a disaster in which the loss of trust and confidence played key precipitating roles and the recovery from which will require the restoration of these crucial factors. Drawing on the analogy between the financial crisis and environmental and technological hazards, recent research on the role of trust and confidence in the latter is used to provide a perspective on the former. Whereas "trust" and "confidence" are used interchangeably and without explicit definition in most discussions of the financial crisis, this perspective uses the TCC model of cooperation to clearly distinguish between the two and to demonstrate how this distinction can lead to an improved understanding of the crisis. The roles of trust and confidence-both in precipitation and in possible recovery-are discussed for each of the three major sets of actors in the crisis, the regulators, the banks, and the public. The roles of trust and confidence in the larger context of risk management are also examined; trust being associated with political approaches, confidence with technical. Finally, the various stances that government can take with regard to trust-such as supportive or skeptical-are considered. Overall, it is argued that a clear understanding of trust and confidence and a close examination of the specific, concrete circumstances of a crisis-revealing when either trust or confidence is appropriate-can lead to useful insights for both recovery and prevention of future occurrences. PMID:19392679

  15. Education Facing the Crisis of Values: Strategies for Strengthening Humanistic, Cultural, and International Values in Formal and Non-Formal Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    This document was prepared on the basis of discussions at a workshop organized by UNESCO and other groups on the subject of education facing the crisis of values from the point of view of: (1) cultural identity and cultural diversity in education; (2) humanistic, ethical, and aesthetic values in education; and (3) education facing the ethical…

  16. Different Needs, Different Solutions to the Financial Crisis Financial fears not seen since the savings & loan crisis in the late 1980s, maybe since the Great

    E-print Network

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Different Needs, Different Solutions to the Financial Crisis Financial fears not seen since, and then the bailout of AIG. This piecemeal approach to solving the financial crisis with the daily announcements the savings & loan crisis in the late 1980s, maybe since the Great Depression, swept the economic landscape

  17. A dialogic model for analyzing crisis communication: an alternative approach to understanding the roman catholic clergy sex abuse crisis 

    E-print Network

    Boys, Suzanne Elizabeth

    2009-05-15

    In the winter of 2002, The Boston Globe published an exposé on clergy sexual abuse in the Boston Archdiocese which quickly sparked a global Church crisis. Following the exposé, there was a swell of media attention, a growing public outcry...

  18. [Group therapy with parents of premature infants].

    PubMed

    Neubauer, A P

    1987-08-01

    The birth of a premature infant means a heavy emotional burden on the parents which can considerably disturb the attachment process. Between October 1985 and March 1987 31 parents of very small premature infants participated in a parent-support group under a pediatrician's guidance. This group has proved useful to help these parents to overcome their emotional crisis. The efficiency of this kind of group is described but also its limitations. Positive results of the parent-support group on the later development of the infants are to be expected but have still to be verified by means of a prospective study. PMID:3657817

  19. TRIDEC Natural Crisis Management Demonstrator for Tsunamis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hammitzsch, M.; Necmioglu, O.; Reißland, S.; Lendholt, M.; Comoglu, M.; Ozel, N. M.; Wächter, J.

    2012-04-01

    The management of natural crises is an important application field of the technology developed in the project Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crises (TRIDEC), co-funded by the European Commission in its Seventh Framework Programme. TRIDEC is based on the development of the German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) and the Distant Early Warning System (DEWS) providing a service platform for both sensor integration and warning dissemination. In TRIDEC new developments in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are used to extend the existing platform realising a component-based technology framework for building distributed tsunami warning systems for deployment, e.g. in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas (NEAM) region. The Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI), representing the Tsunami National Contact (TNC) and Tsunami Warning Focal Point (TWFP) for Turkey, is one of the key partners in TRIDEC. KOERI is responsible for the operation of a National Tsunami Warning Centre (NTWC) for Turkey and establishes Candidate Tsunami Watch Provider (CTWP) responsibilities for the NEAM region. Based on this profound experience, KOERI is contributing valuable requirements to the overall TRIDEC system and is responsible for the definition and development of feasible tsunami-related scenarios. However, KOERI's most important input focuses on testing and evaluating the TRIDEC system according to specified evaluation and validation criteria. The TRIDEC system will be implemented in three phases, each with a demonstrator. Successively, the demonstrators are addressing challenges, such as the design and implementation of a robust and scalable service infrastructure supporting the integration and utilisation of existing resources with accelerated generation of large volumes of data. These include sensor systems, geo-information repositories, simulation tools and data fusion tools. In addition to conventional sensors also unconventional sensors and sensor networks play an important role in TRIDEC. The first system demonstrator, deployed at KOERI's crisis management room, has been designed and implemented to support plausible scenarios for the Turkish NTWC and to demonstrate the treatment of simulated tsunami threats with an essential subset of a NTWC. The feasibility and the potentials of the implemented approach are demonstrated covering standard operations as well as tsunami detection and alerting functions. The demonstrator presented addresses information management and decision-support processes in a hypothetical natural crisis situation caused by a tsunami in the Eastern Mediterranean.

  20. In times of crisis: a corpus approach to the construction of the global financial crisis in annual reports

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alon Lischinsky

    2011-01-01

    Although both academics and policy-makers still debate its exact causes and the extent of its consequences, the ongoing financial crisis is doubtlessly the most distinctive economic event of the late 2000s. But despite the importance of such large-scale economic phenomena, there has been little research on their discursive construction. This paper presents some empirical data to show how the crisis

  1. Crisis visits and psychiatric hospitalizations among patients attending a community clinic in rural Southern California.

    PubMed

    Camacho, Alvaro; Ng, Bernardo; Bejarano, Anabel; Simmons, Alan; Chavira, Denise

    2012-04-01

    Ethnic minorities from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds report increased utilization of mental health emergency services; however findings have been inconsistent across ethnic/racial groups. In this study we describe patients who present to a rural crisis unit in Southern California, examine rates of psychiatric hospitalizations across ethnic/racial groups, and investigate factors that are associated with increased psychiatric hospitalizations in this sample. This is a retrospective study of 451 racially and ethnically diverse patients attending a crisis unit in Imperial County, California. Chart review and data abstraction methods were used to characterize the sample and identify factors associated with psychiatric crises and subsequent hospitalizations. The sample was predominantly Latino/Hispanic (58.5%). Based on chart review, common psychosocial stressors which prompted a crisis center visit were: (a) financial problems; (b) homelessness; (c) partner or family conflict; (d) physical and health problems; (e) problems at school/work; (f) medication compliance; (g) aggressive behavior; (h) delusional behavior; (i) addiction and (j) anxiety/depression. Bivariate analyses revealed that Hispanics had a disproportionately lower rate of psychiatric hospitalizations while African Americans had a higher rate. Multivariate analyses which included demographic, clinical and psychosocial stressor variables revealed that being African American, having a psychotic disorder, and presenting as gravely disabled were associated with a higher likelihood of hospitalization while partner/family conflict was associated with a lesser likelihood in this rural community. These data elucidate the need for longitudinal studies to understand the interactions between psychosocial stressors, ethnicity and social support as determinants of psychiatric hospitalizations. PMID:20924788

  2. Crisis management during anaesthesia: vascular access problems

    PubMed Central

    Singleton, R; Kinnear, S; Currie, M; Helps, S

    2005-01-01

    Background: In confronting an evolving crisis, the anaesthetist should consider the vascular catheter as a potential cause, abandoning assumptions that the device has been satisfactorily placed and is functioning correctly. Objectives: To examine the role of a previously described core algorithm "COVER ABCD–A SWIFT CHECK", supplemented by a specific sub-algorithm for vascular access problems, in the management of crises occurring in association with anaesthesia. Methods: The potential performance of a structured approach was evaluated for each of the relevant incidents among the first 4000 reported to the Australian Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS). Results: There were 128 incidents involving problems related to vascular access. The structured approach begins distally, checking the infusion device or fluid (12 incidents), moving proximally by way of the fluid giving line (10), the line deadspace (8), then the catheter/skin interface (65), and on to the peripheral vascular tree (3) and central venous space (23), and finally, the interface of the vascular access system and the attending staff (7). The approach was able to accommodate all the vascular access problems among the first 4000 incidents reported to AIMS. Conclusion: The approach has potential as an easily remembered and applied clinical tool to lead to early resolution of vascular access problems occurring during anaesthesia. PMID:15933294

  3. Doctors and the global population crisis.

    PubMed

    Carr, C J

    1977-10-01

    I read Dr. John A. Loraine's Edward Holme lecture on the global population crisis (September 10, p. 691) with a growing sense of amazement that any man of his standing could be so certain that his views were completely right and those opposed to him so completely wrong. He regrets that when a "liberal" abortion law was introduced in India the number of terminations was "disappointingly small" - he does not seem to consider the possibility that perhaps the Indian people are wiser than he. He condemns the Society for the Unborn Child as "emotive," yet his own views seem dehumanized and amoral. The only surprise is that when he mentions the increasing proportion of elderly people in the population he does not continue to the "logical" conclusion of recommending compulsory euthanasia at a fixed age - perhaps, however, this would be coming too close to home. It was because of the very attitudes that such an article expresses that I, who had been born and educated in Britain, left the country, and I would seriously question whether history will not look back in horror on the "liberal" attitude adopted by the British medical profession, among others, in the 2nd half of the twentieth century. PMID:922352

  4. Single dose regorafenib-induced hypertensive crisis.

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, B; Kemal, Y; Teker, F; Kut, E; Demirag, G; Yucel, I

    2014-06-01

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are uncommon tumors of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Regorafenib is a new multikinase inhibitor and is approved for the treatment of GISTs in patients who develop resistance to imatinib and sunitinib. The most common drug-related adverse events with regorafenib are hypertension, hand-foot skin reactions, and diarrhea. Grade IV hypertensive side effect has never been reported after a single dose. In this report, we present a case of Grade IV hypertensive side effect (hypertensive crisis and seizure) after a single dose of regorafenib. A 54-year-old male normotensive GIST patient was admitted to the emergency department with seizure and encephalopathy after the first dosage of regorafenib. His blood pressure was 240/140 mmHg upon admission. After intensive treatment with nitrate and nitroprusside, his blood pressure returned to normal levels in five days. Regorafenib was discontinued, and he did not experience hypertension again. This paper reports the first case of Grade IV hypertension after the first dosage of regorafenib. We can suggest that hypertension is an idiosyncratic side effect unrelated to the dosage. PMID:24980770

  5. Food and nutrition security and the economic crisis in Indonesia.

    PubMed

    Soekirman

    2001-01-01

    Indonesia has been afflicted by an economic crisis since July 1997. The economic crisis was preceded by a long drought associated with El Nino. The result has been a decline in food production, especially rice. In the eastern part of the country, especially in Irian Jaya, there was food insecurity during the early stages of the economic crisis. When the crisis escalated to become an economic, social and political crisis in 1998, food insecurity spread to other provinces, especially to urban areas in Java. The crisis led to increasingly high inflation. unemployment, poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition. The official figures indicate that poverty in Indonesia increased from 22.5 million (11.3%) in 1996 to 36.5 million (17.9%) in 1998. Food production decreased by 20-30% in some parts of the country. Compared with prices in January 1998, food prices had escalated 1.5- to threefold by August/November 1998 when acute food shortages occurred, especially in urban Java. Coupled with a drop in purchasing power, the higher food prices worsened health, nutritional status and education of children of urban poor and unemployed families. Despite social and political uncertainties, the Indonesian Government has taken prompt action to prevent a worsening of the situation by massive imports of rice, instituting food price subsidies for the poor and launching social safety net programmes to cope with food shortages and malnutrition. The present paper attempts to highlight the impact of the economic crisis on food insecurity and malnutrition in Indonesia. PMID:11708583

  6. Crisis Management Aspects of Bam Catastrophic Earthquake: Review Article

    PubMed Central

    Sadeghi-Bazargani, Homayoun; Azami-Aghdash, Saber; Kazemi, Abdolhassan; Ziapour, Behrad

    2015-01-01

    Background: Bam earthquake was the most catastrophic natural disasters in recent years. The aim of this study was to review different aspects of crisis management during and after the catastrophic earthquake in Bam City, Iran. Methods: Data needed for this systematic review were collected through searching PubMed, EMBASE and SID databases, for the period from 2003 to 2011. Keywords included earthquake, Iran and Bam earthquake. The data were summarized and were analyzed using Content Analysis. Results: Out of 422 articles, 25 articles were included in the study. Crisis Management aspects and existing pitfalls were classified into seven categories including planning and organization, human resource management, management of logistics, international humanitarian aids, field performance of the military and security forces, health and medical service provision, and information management. Positive aspects and major pitfalls of crisis management have been introduced in all the mentioned categories. Conclusion: The available evidence indicated poor crisis management during Bam earthquake that resulted in aggravating the losses as well as diminishing the effect of interventions. Thus, concerning the importance of different aspects of the crisis management and the high prevalence of disasters in Iran, the observed vulnerability in disaster management process should be addressed. PMID:26000241

  7. International labor migration and financial crisis in Korea.

    PubMed

    Hyunho, S

    1999-06-01

    Although the Korean economy became severely depressed because of the financial crisis in November 1997, most foreign migrant workers in the country opted to stay rather than return to their home countries. This study examined the causes of their relative immobility at both the macro- and microlevel through the use of government statistics and survey data. The first section of this study explored in- and outflows of migrant workers in relation to labor market conditions and government interventions before and after the crisis. The second section looked into the effects of the crisis on the companies employing migrant workers, while the final section investigated the effects of the crisis on migrant workers. The findings of this study indicated that the amnesty measure, which was a major government policy to reduce the number of illegal sojourners, exerted some positive effect in the first months after the crisis. Employment and income opportunities at origin countries are important factors determining mobility. Moreover, manufacturing companies still prefer to hire migrant workers before native workers because of cheaper wages for the former. Overall, most migrant workers, regardless of their sojourn status, desire to stay in Korea because of two main reasons: 1) their total earnings are less than their migration costs; 2) they cannot get a job in their home country. PMID:12295613

  8. Psychoanalysis in Crisis: The Danger of Ideology.

    PubMed

    Richards, Arnold

    2015-06-01

    Psychoanalysis is in crisis. Its prestige with the public has plummeted, as well as its economic viability and even its population. There are fewer analytic candidates and fewer patients, less insurance coverage, less presence in departments of psychiatry, and less prestige among the traditional academic disciplines. Analysts are getting older, and there are fewer and fewer young ones to replace us. A once-fascinated public now distrusts analysts as unscientific, deluded, authoritarian, reactionary, arrogant, sexist, and/or passé. This paper examines some causes of this decline within psychoanalysis itself as well as possibilities for reform. The status of psychoanalysis as a science is in question, although Freud considered it as an empirical science, and modified his theories to fit new facts. In reality, however, transmission of psychoanalytic knowledge in the training analyst system has led to its perpetuation as an ideology, rather than a science, and to the formation of oligarchies in the structure of psychoanalytic organizations and some institutes. Psychoanalysis is nothing if not an exploratory endeavor, and it thrives in an open environment. Psychoanalytic theory becomes ideology when exploration, testing, and challenge are suppressed. There are many analysts for whom psychoanalysis is neither ideology or theology, but an intellectually stimulating and emotionally rewarding human and humane endeavor, where convention is enlivened by creative challenge, and innovation is disciplined by tradition. In that form, it is too valuable to lose. It is time for us to step back and reclaim our citizenship in the larger intellectual world of curiosity, creativity, and freedom. PMID:26080096

  9. Genome chaos: survival strategy during crisis.

    PubMed

    Liu, Guo; Stevens, Joshua B; Horne, Steven D; Abdallah, Batoul Y; Ye, Karen J; Bremer, Steven W; Ye, Christine J; Chen, David J; Heng, Henry H

    2014-01-01

    Genome chaos, a process of complex, rapid genome re-organization, results in the formation of chaotic genomes, which is followed by the potential to establish stable genomes. It was initially detected through cytogenetic analyses, and recently confirmed by whole-genome sequencing efforts which identified multiple subtypes including "chromothripsis", "chromoplexy", "chromoanasynthesis", and "chromoanagenesis". Although genome chaos occurs commonly in tumors, both the mechanism and detailed aspects of the process are unknown due to the inability of observing its evolution over time in clinical samples. Here, an experimental system to monitor the evolutionary process of genome chaos was developed to elucidate its mechanisms. Genome chaos occurs following exposure to chemotherapeutics with different mechanisms, which act collectively as stressors. Characterization of the karyotype and its dynamic changes prior to, during, and after induction of genome chaos demonstrates that chromosome fragmentation (C-Frag) occurs just prior to chaotic genome formation. Chaotic genomes seem to form by random rejoining of chromosomal fragments, in part through non-homologous end joining (NHEJ). Stress induced genome chaos results in increased karyotypic heterogeneity. Such increased evolutionary potential is demonstrated by the identification of increased transcriptome dynamics associated with high levels of karyotypic variance. In contrast to impacting on a limited number of cancer genes, re-organized genomes lead to new system dynamics essential for cancer evolution. Genome chaos acts as a mechanism of rapid, adaptive, genome-based evolution that plays an essential role in promoting rapid macroevolution of new genome-defined systems during crisis, which may explain some unwanted consequences of cancer treatment. PMID:24299711

  10. Evaluation of a national effort to reach Hurricane Katrina survivors and evacuees: the crisis counseling assistance and training program.

    PubMed

    Norris, Fran H; Bellamy, Nikki D

    2009-05-01

    Hurricane Katrina created the largest population of internally displaced persons in the history of the United States. Exceptions to Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA's) usual eligibility requirements allowed states from across the nation to apply for Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training Program (CCP) grants to provide services to evacuees. Over a 16-month period, crisis counselors documented 1.2 million individual and group encounters across 19 CCPs. Most encounters (936,000, 80%) occurred in Presidential disaster-declared areas of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, but many (237,000, 20%) occurred in 16 smaller "undeclared" programs across the country. Programs showed excellent reach relative to external benchmarks provided by FEMA registrations for individual assistance and population characteristics. Programs varied widely in service mix and intensity. The declared programs reached more people, but the undeclared programs provided more intensive services to fewer people with higher needs. PMID:19365722

  11. Organizational Responses to the Fatherhood Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jocelyn Elise Crowley

    2006-01-01

    The emergence of fathers' rights groups, predominantly composed of men who have been personally affected by child support and custody laws, have been understudied up until this point. This article, based on 158 in-depth interviews, identifies individual motivations of members who join these groups, as well as their impressions on overcoming obstacles to further growth. Contrary to popular perception, the

  12. Changes in the household calorie supply during the 1994 economic crisis in Mexico and its implications on the obesity epidemic.

    PubMed

    Arroyo, Pedro; Loria, Alvar; Méndez, Oscar

    2004-07-01

    To characterize the effects of the 1994 economic crisis on calorie sources of Mexican households, five nutrition surveys done every leap year (1992-2000) in national representative samples (> 10,000 households) were analyzed. Each household was visited during 7 days to collect data on foods purchased, exchanged or home-grown and their monetary value. We selected 88 food items to calculate kilocalories/ person/day and cost in pesos/megacalorie (CPMC) for rural-urban strata (localities < 2500, > or = 2500). The food items were classified in 8 groups and the summation of kilocalories and CPMCs of items in each group were our units of analysis. Linear regressions for 1992-2000 were performed, and slopes and intercepts were used to characterize changes. Available calories showed very little change at the height of the economic crisis. Expensive calories (meat in urbans, eggs and milk in rurals, and industrialized meat and soft drinks in both) tended to increase, whereas the most inexpensive staples (cereals, legumes, sugars) decreased their share in both strata. An increase in obesigenic calories was seen, notably in soft drinks, despite a cost increase second only to meat. Main conclusions were: (1) the economic crisis did not affect total calories availability in Mexican households; (2) the 1992-2000 trends in calorie sources were contrary to any crisis effect in rurals and urbans (i.e., expensive foods increased and inexpensive staples decreased); (3) there were sizable rural-urban differences in number, source, and cost of calories; and (4) obesigenic calories increased and soft drinks emerged as a food with its own dynamic. PMID:15387484

  13. 78 FR 3420 - Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-16

    ...Groce. Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry Crisis Exemption: EPA concurred with Louisiana on the crisis use of imidacloprid on sugarcane to control West Indian Cane Fly; August 7, 2012 to August 22, 2012. Contact: Tawanda Maignan. Maine...

  14. Crisis Reactions of College Freshmen as a Functions of Family Support Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henton, June; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Explored the relationship between family support system availability and crisis reactions of entering freshman college students using self-report measure. The availability of the student's family was inversely correlated with his or her crisis score. (Author)

  15. Vortex source flowing into vacuum under thermal crisis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kucherov, A. N.

    2013-07-01

    Thermal crisis of a stationary vortex source flowing to vacuum is considered for air on the basis of the model of a diatomic gas with variable heat capacities due to the excitation of vibrational degrees of freedom of molecules. The versions with different heat supply laws are compared. The effect of the size of the heat-release region (from close-to-zero value to that exceeding the minimal radius of the vortex source by tens of times) as well as the effect of the circulation of the flow on the critical parameters determining thermal crisis are considered. A qualitative difference from the thermal crisis in a perfect (ideal) gas with constant heat capacities is demonstrated.

  16. Varied clinical course of aplastic crisis in hereditary spherocytosis.

    PubMed

    Kataoka, Akihiro; Doi, Shoichi; Suemori, Shinichiro; Nakanishi, Hidekazu; Jonen, Daisuke; Mori, Mioko; Mizushima, Yasuhiro; Wakazono, Yoshihiro

    2014-02-01

    This study is the first to report a familial case involving differing clinical courses of aplastic crisis triggered by parvovirus B19 in two patients with HS, although similar eosin-5-maleimide-binding test and sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis results had been obtained for both. One patient had short-term mild symptoms, whereas the other patient developed severe anemia that required blood transfusion, experienced fever for 13?days, and did not have any rash. The severity of aplastic crisis is reported to be correlated with the severity of the underlying hemolytic anemia; the present findings show that the severity of infection should also be considered as an important predictive factor of the severity of aplastic crisis. PMID:24548193

  17. Macro shocks and micro outcomes: child nutrition during Indonesia's crisis.

    PubMed

    Block, Steven A; Kiess, Lynnda; Webb, Patrick; Kosen, Soewarta; Moench-Pfanner, Regina; Bloem, Martin W; Timmer, C Peter

    2004-03-01

    A survey of households in rural Java is used to assess the nutritional impact of Indonesia's drought and financial crisis of 1997/1998. A time-age-cohort decomposition reveals significant nutritional impacts. However, child weight-for-age (WAZ) remained constant throughout the crisis, despite rapid increases in food prices and the consequent household consumption shock. The evidence is consistent with the hypothesis that within households, mothers buffered children's caloric intake, resulting in increased maternal wasting. However, reductions in the consumption of high-quality foods further resulted in increased prevalence of anemia for both mothers and children. The combined effects were particularly severe for cohorts conceived and weaned during the crisis. PMID:15463991

  18. Financial crisis, health outcomes and ageing: Mexico in the 1980s and 1990s

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David M. Cutler; Felicia Knaul; Rafael Lozano; Oscar Méndez; Beatriz Zurita

    2002-01-01

    We study the impact of economic crisis on health in Mexico. There have been four wide-scale economic crises in Mexico in the past two decades, the most recent in 1995–96. We find that mortality rates for the very young and the elderly increase or decline less rapidly in crisis years as compared with non-crisis years. In the 1995–96 crisis, mortality

  19. Foreign Exchange Market Contagion in the Asian Crisis: A Regression-Based Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neeltje van Horen; Henk Jager; Franc Klaassen

    2006-01-01

    This paper investigates whether, during the Asian crisis, contagion occurred from Thailand to the other crisis countries through\\u000a the foreign exchange market, and, if so, determines the contribution of this contagion to the crisis. More specifically, we\\u000a examine whether the effect of the exchange market pressure (EMP) of Thailand, the origin of the crisis, on the EMP of four\\u000a Asian

  20. Randomised Controlled Trial of Joint Crisis Plans to Reduce Compulsory Treatment for People with Psychosis: Economic Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Farrelly, Simone; Birchwood, Max; Dunn, Graham; Flach, Clare; Henderson, Claire; Leese, Morven; Marshall, Max; Rose, Diana; Sutherby, Kim; Szmukler, George; Thornicroft, Graham; Byford, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Background Compulsory admission to psychiatric hospitals may be distressing, disruptive to patients and families, and associated with considerable cost to the health service. Improved patient experience and cost reductions could be realised by providing cost-effective crisis planning services. Methods Economic evaluation within a multi-centre randomised controlled trial comparing Joint Crisis Plans (JCP) plus treatment as usual (TAU) to TAU alone for patients aged over 16, with at least one psychiatric hospital admission in the previous two years and on the Enhanced Care Programme Approach register. JCPs, containing the patient's treatment preferences for any future psychiatric emergency, are a form of crisis intervention that aim to mitigate the negative consequences of relapse, including hospital admission and use of coercion. Data were collected at baseline and 18-months after randomisation. The primary outcome was admission to hospital under the Mental Health Act. The economic evaluation took a service perspective (health, social care and criminal justice services) and a societal perspective (additionally including criminal activity and productivity losses). Findings The addition of JCPs to TAU had no significant effect on compulsory admissions or total societal cost per participant over 18-months follow-up. From the service cost perspective, however, evidence suggests a higher probability (80%) of JCPs being the more cost-effective option. Exploration by ethnic group highlights distinct patterns of costs and effects. Whilst the evidence does not support the cost-effectiveness of JCPs for White or Asian ethnic groups, there is at least a 90% probability of the JCP intervention being the more cost-effective option in the Black ethnic group. Interpretation The results by ethnic group are sufficiently striking to warrant further investigation into the potential for patient gain from JCPs among black patient groups. Trial Registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN11501328 PMID:24282495

  1. Short Course in Psychiatric Emergencies and Crisis Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Bonisteel, Paul

    1990-01-01

    Faculty of the Discipline of Family Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland saw a need to improve the teaching to residents in the management of psychiatric emergencies and in crisis intervention. A short course, entitled “Psychiatric Emergencies and Crisis Intervention” (PEACI), was developed around the common psychiatric emergencies that family physicians encounter. The elements of this course included a pre-test and post-test, selected reading for independent study, lectures and seminars, simulated patient encounters, debriefing sessions, and evaluation. Most of the residents rated the course as “very good” or “excellent” and wished to repeat the course in a year's time. PMID:21233979

  2. Crisis action planning and replanning using SIPE-2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Skidmore, Jennifer D.

    1993-01-01

    Rome Laboratory and DARPA are jointly sponsoring an initiative to develop the next generation of AI planning and scheduling technology focused on military operations planning, especially for crisis situations. SRI International has demonstrated their knowledge-based planning technology in this domain with a system called SOCAP, System for Operations Crisis Action Planning. SOCAP's underlying power comes from SIPE-2, a hierarchical, domain-independent, nonlinear AI planner also developed at SRI. This paper discusses the features of SIPE-2 that made it an ideal choice for military operations planning and which contributed greatly to SOCAP's success.

  3. Edge state and crisis in the Pierce diode

    SciTech Connect

    Munoz, Pablo R.; Rempel, Erico L. [Institute of Aeronautical Technology (ITA) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), CTA/ITA/IEFM, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12228-900 (Brazil); Barroso, Joaquim J. [National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), P. O. Box 515, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12227-010 (Brazil); Chian, Abraham C.-L. [National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), P. O. Box 515, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12227-010 (Brazil); Observatoire de Paris, LESIA, CNRS, 92195 Meudon (France)

    2012-09-15

    We study the chaotic dynamics of the Pierce diode, a simple spatially extended system for collisionless bounded plasmas, focusing on the concept of edge of chaos, the boundary that separates transient from asymptotic dynamics. We fully characterize an interior crisis at the end of a periodic window, thereby showing direct evidence of the collision between a chaotic attractor, a chaotic saddle, and the edge of chaos, formed by a period-3 unstable periodic orbit and its stable manifold. The edge of chaos persists after the interior crisis, when the global attractor of the system increases its size in the phase space.

  4. Competition in the economic crisis: Analysis of procurement auctions

    PubMed Central

    Gugler, Klaus; Weichselbaumer, Michael; Zulehner, Christine

    2015-01-01

    We study the effects of the recent economic crisis on firms? bidding behavior and markups in sealed bid auctions. Using data from Austrian construction procurements, we estimate bidders? construction costs within a private value auction model. We find that markups of all bids submitted decrease by 1.5 percentage points in the recent economic crisis, markups of winning bids decrease by 3.3 percentage points. We also find that without the government stimulus package this decrease would have been larger. These two pieces of evidence point to pro-cyclical markups. PMID:25673884

  5. Isolated adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) deficiency associated with acute adrenal crisis.

    PubMed Central

    Jialal, I.; Desai, R. K.; Maharaj, I. C.; Pala, A. S.; Joubert, S. M.

    1985-01-01

    A 37 year old black female presented with congestive cardiac failure, 2 months postpartum. She developed spontaneous hypoglycaemia and symptoms of acute adrenal crisis (hypotension, nausea, abdominal pain and tachycardia with small thready pulse), which responded to i.v. dextrose, sodium chloride and hydrocortisone. Biochemical investigations revealed low serum cortisol and plasma adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) levels. The patient initially showed an impaired cortisol response to intramuscular aqueous tetracosactrin, but an exuberant response after priming with intramuscular tetracosactrin depot. These findings, together with the normal remaining pituitary function, led us to conclude that this patient had isolated ACTH deficiency associated with congestive cardiac failure and acute adrenal crisis. PMID:2991871

  6. Humanitarian crisis continues to grow in the Sudan

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This week the already grave situation in the western region of the Sudan (known as Darfur) continued to grow even worse, as the United Nations called for a larger international monitoring force to quell attacks on civilians by members of the Arab militia in the country. In a report made to the U.N. Security Council this week, Secretary-General Kofi Annan remarked that such a monitoring force was necessary in order to help "decrease the level of violence and enhance the protection of the civilian population". The origins of the crisis date back to February 2003 when two African rebel factions brought arms in order to protest alleged discrimination by the largely Arab-dominated government located in the nation's capital at Khartoum. The tension has complex roots, but some of the problems are centered around disputes dealing with land and grazing rights between the nomadic Arabs in the region and farmers from the Fur, Massaleet and Zagawa ethnic groups. Since the conflict started last year, close to one million people have fled their homes and approximately 50,000 people have been killed.The first link will take visitors to a news article from the Guardian that offers a report on the recent call from the United Nations to increase the international monitoring force in the Sudan. The second link leads to a news brief from the U.N. News Centre that talks about the precarious situation of those displaced residents of the Darfur region. The third link provided by the BBC answers a host of questions about the current situation in the Darfur region, including helpful background information about the various groups involved. The fourth link leads to the homepage of the Sudanese Media Centre, where visitors may find editorial pieces, browse through special reports, and read their various press releases. The fifth link leads to an informative report from June 2004 prepared for the House of Commons in the British Parliament on the conflict in Darfur. The final link will take visitors to the transcript of a recent interview conducted by the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs with Al Zhawi Ibrahim, who serves as the Minister for Information and Communications for the Sudan. In the interview, he speaks about the postwar challenges that will face the country, and of course, the situation in Darfur.

  7. Market response to policy initiatives during the global financial crisis Yacine At-Sahalia a

    E-print Network

    Aït-Sahalia, Yacine

    Market response to policy initiatives during the global financial crisis Yacine Aït- tailed database of macroeconomic and financial sector policy initia- tives announced during the crisis December 2011 Available online 9 December 2011 JEL classification: G01 G14 G15 G18 E65 E63 Keywords: Crisis

  8. THE ROLE OF RISK MODELS IN THE FINANCIAL CRISIS bridges vol. 19, October 2008 / Pielke's Perspective

    E-print Network

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    THE ROLE OF RISK MODELS IN THE FINANCIAL CRISIS bridges vol. 19, October 2008 / Pielke century laws." This was one of the explanations for the financial crisis given by President George Bush problems with their use in financial decision making. One is that risk models break down in times of crisis

  9. Financial crisis, Omori's law, and negative entropy flow Jianbo Gao , Jing Hu

    E-print Network

    Gao, Jianbo

    Financial crisis, Omori's law, and negative entropy flow Jianbo Gao , Jing Hu Institute of China crises Omori's law Earthquake Entropy Distribution analysis The 2008 global financial crisis has revived financial crises with different degrees of severity. Espe- cially costly is the 2008 global financial crisis

  10. Ten Years After the Financial Crisis in Thailand: What Has Been Learned or Not Learned?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chalongphob SUSSANGKARN; Pakorn VICHYANOND

    2007-01-01

    The 1997 financial crisis provided many lessons about the weaknesses of Thailand's economic and financial system before the crisis, weaknesses that eventually led to the crisis. Since then, these lessons have led to many economic and financial reforms. This paper reviews the lessons and reforms that have been carried out. These include improvements to the data system needed for adequate

  11. The Financial Crisis and the Policy Responses: An Empirical Analysis of What Went Wrong

    E-print Network

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    The Financial Crisis and the Policy Responses: An Empirical Analysis of What Went Wrong John B actions and interventions in the financial crisis that flared up in August 2007. It integrates analysis in these research projects. What caused the financial crisis? What prolonged it? Why did it worsen

  12. Currency Depreciation and Korean Stock Market Performance during the Asian Financial Crisis

    E-print Network

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Currency Depreciation and Korean Stock Market Performance during the Asian Financial Crisis Wen the volatility of the Korean stock and foreign exchange markets during the 1997 Asian financial crisis and Korean Stock Market Performance during the Asian Financial Crisis Abstract Structural shifts characterize

  13. International Economics 123 (2010), p. 13-30 Financial regulation in the crisis

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    2010-01-01

    International Economics 123 (2010), p. 13-30 Financial regulation in the crisis regulation, market, 2010 Accepted on September 9, 2010 AbstrAct. The financial crisis has revealed the dysfunction of all Economics 123 (2010), p. 13-3014 The financial crisis, born in the summer of 2007 and still arguably alive

  14. Did Families Lose or Gain Control after the East Asian Financial Crisis?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anya Khanthavit; Piruna Polsiri; Yupana Wiwattanakantang

    2003-01-01

    This paper investigates the ownership and control of Thai public firms in the period after the East Asian financial crisis, compared to those in the pre-crisis period. Using the comprehensive unique database of ownership and board structures, we find that the ownership and control appear to be more concentrated in the hands of controlling shareholders subsequent to the crisis. Interestingly,

  15. Interpreting the Asian Financial Crisis: Open Issues in Theory and Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giancarlo Corsetti

    This paper discusses the theoretical and policy debate on the Crisis in South East Asia. After contrasting competing interpretations of the crisis, the paper presents stylized facts about fundamental imbalances in the economies of the region before the currency collapse. Then, it reviews current theories of currency and financial instability, assessing them as interpretive schemes of the crisis. In light

  16. Yale ICF Working Paper No. 12-20 The Financial Crisis of 20072009

    E-print Network

    Haller, Gary L.

    Yale ICF Working Paper No. 12-20 The Financial Crisis of 20072009 Gary Gorton, Yale and NBER Andrew The Financial Crisis of 20072009 Gary Gorton, Yale and NBER Andrew Metrick, Yale and NBER April 18, 2012 Abstract This summary of the financial crisis of 20072009 was prepared for The Handbook of Major Events

  17. Extreme Value at Risk and Expected Shortfall during Financial Crisis Lancin Kourouma

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Extreme Value at Risk and Expected Shortfall during Financial Crisis Lanciné Kourouma Denis Dupre and Expected Shortfall during Financial Crisis Lanciné Kourouma1 , Denis Dupre2 , Gilles Sanfilippo3 , Ollivier during the 2008 financial crisis. We show an underestimation of the risk of loss for the unconditional Va

  18. Coupled Market Behavior Based Financial Crisis Detection Wei Cao, Longbing Cao and Yin Song

    E-print Network

    Cao, Longbing

    Coupled Market Behavior Based Financial Crisis Detection Wei Cao, Longbing Cao and Yin Song Abstract-- Financial crisis detection is a long-standing chal- lenging issue with significant practical, in particular, the nonlinear and dynamic characteristics associated with financial crisis. Most of existing

  19. Financial Constraints on Investment in an Emerging Market Crisis: An Empirical

    E-print Network

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Financial Constraints on Investment in an Emerging Market Crisis: An Empirical Investigation whether capital market imperfections constrain investment during an emerging market financial crisis. Both financial crisis, a period when the issuance of new domestic credit shrank rapidly. Exporters' value added

  20. Crisis nursery outcomes for caregivers served at multiple sites in Illinois

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan A. Cole; Pedro M. Hernandez

    2008-01-01

    The results of the first study of individual outcomes for caregivers accessing crisis nursery services at multiple sites in Illinois are reported in this paper. Using administrative data collected by the five crisis nurseries in Illinois, outcomes for individual caregivers accessing crisis nursery services were studied. Results showed that caregivers generally reported improved outcomes in stress reduction, risk of abuse,

  1. About How Did the First Ever Big Economic Crisis Look Like

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liviu C. ANDREI

    2010-01-01

    The obsession about the current economic crisis is pretty understandable. But being obsessed about the current moment, in the economic crisis matter, might become a scientific mistake. As for instance, the real results of the current period will be available in just a couple of years. Moreover, we used to believe up to recently that the previous big crisis of

  2. The Satisfaction of Pretended Insight: The Iranian Crisis in Selected U.S. Editorial Cartoons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeSousa, Michael A.

    An examination of a year's worth of editorial cartoons portraying the U.S. hostage crisis in Iran indicates a surprising lack of coverage or treatment of the deposed Shah and his subsequent admission into the United States as factors precipitating the crisis. Throughout the crisis, cartoonists focused on providing readers with some insight into…

  3. Providing Crisis Counseling to New Yorkers after the Terrorist Attack on the World Trade Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Karin

    2002-01-01

    This article provides an overview of two crisis intervention techniques used by a marriage and family counselor who served as a crisis counselor in New York City after the September 11th terrorist attack. The intervention techniques described are Critical Incident Stress Debriefing and one-on-one crisis counseling. An overview of both techniques…

  4. An Investigation of Southwestern Area Principals and the Enactment of Crisis Plans in High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Kerry L.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify what southwestern area high school principals reported as the enactment of school crisis plans as described in the Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA (CMHS, 2008), "Resource Aid: Responding to a Crisis at School." The conceptual framework guiding the study was an adaptation of the Crisis

  5. Ownership Structure, Corporate Governance, and Firm Value: Evidence from the East Asian Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael L. Lemmon; Karl V. Lins

    2003-01-01

    AbstractWe use a sample of 800 firms in eight East Asian countries to study the effect of ownership structure on value during the region's financial crisis. The crisis negatively impacted firms' investment opportunities, raising the incentives of controlling shareholders to expropriate minority investors. Crisis period stock returns of firms in which managers have high levels of control rights, but have

  6. California's Salmon Crisis Hearing Before the California Assembly Committee on Water, Parks and Wildlife

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    1 California's Salmon Crisis Hearing Before the California Assembly Committee on Water, Parks colleagues have clearly demonstrated, there is a salmon crisis in California. This crisis is not new. As early as 1983, the California Legislature directed that an advisory committee look into salmon

  7. Perceptions of Preparedness for a Major School Crisis: An Evaluation of Missouri School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werner, Danilea

    2014-01-01

    A major school crisis can cause physical and emotional distress as well as impact student academic performance. The purpose of this study was to use a web-based survey to explore Missouri school counselors' perceptions of individual and school-wide crisis preparedness and crisis training experiences. Results indicate that the more involved…

  8. A two-step process for the reflooding of the Mediterranean after the Messinian Salinity Crisis

    E-print Network

    Salinity Crisis is well known to have resulted from a significant drop of the Mediterranean sea level1 A two-step process for the reflooding of the Mediterranean after the Messinian Salinity Crisis of the Mediterranean Basin after the Messinian Salinity Crisis. The refilling was first moderate and relatively slow

  9. La imaginacin sostenible: culturas y crisis econmica en la Espaa actual Editor: Luis Moreno-Caballud

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    La imaginación sostenible: culturas y crisis económica en la España actual Editor: Luis Moreno-00723187,version1-7Aug2012 #12; 2 INDICE La imaginación sostenible: culturas y crisis económica en la #12; 3 La imaginación sostenible: culturas y crisis económica en la España actual * Luis Moreno

  10. Crisis Management for Secondary Education: A Survey of Secondary Education Directors in Greece

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savelides, Socrates; Mihiotis, Athanassios; Koutsoukis, Nikitas-Spiros

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The Greek secondary education system lacks a formal crisis management system. The purpose of this paper is to address this problem as follows: elicit current crisis management practices, outline features for designing a formal crisis management system in Greece. Design/methodology/approach: The research is based on a survey conducted with…

  11. Crisis Revisited: An Analysis of Strategies Used by Tylenol in the Second Tampering Episode.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, James A.

    1988-01-01

    Illustrates how Johnson & Johnson's crisis communication management adhered to many of the recommended guidelines for managing contingency planning, for mobilizing a crisis communication effort, and for post-crisis communication. Reveals the advantageous use of flexible, proactive, and corollary communication strategies. (MS)

  12. The Role of Perception in Crisis Management: A Tale of Two Hurricanes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olaniran, Bolanle A.

    2007-01-01

    The "anticipatory" model of crisis management draws the attention of crisis practitioners and researchers to the precrisis phase of crisis management. The model views institutions' position as a condition that has implications for peoples' perceptions regarding the lack of control over factors such as policies, human resources, machineries or…

  13. A Framework and Methodology for Navigating Disaster and Global Health in Crisis Literature

    PubMed Central

    Chan, Jennifer L.; Burkle, Frederick M.

    2013-01-01

    Both ‘disasters’ and ‘global health in crisis’ research has dramatically grown due to the ever-increasing frequency and magnitude of crises around the world. Large volumes of peer-reviewed literature are not only a testament to the field’s value and evolution, but also present an unprecedented outpouring of seemingly unmanageable information across a wide array of crises and disciplines. Disaster medicine, health and humanitarian assistance, global health and public health disaster literature all lie within the disaster and global health in crisis literature spectrum and are increasingly accepted as multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary disciplines. Researchers, policy makers, and practitioners now face a new challenge; that of accessing this expansive literature for decision-making and exploring new areas of research. Individuals are also reaching beyond the peer-reviewed environment to grey literature using search engines like Google Scholar to access policy documents, consensus reports and conference proceedings. What is needed is a method and mechanism with which to search and retrieve relevant articles from this expansive body of literature. This manuscript presents both a framework and workable process for a diverse group of users to navigate the growing peer-reviewed and grey disaster and global health in crises literature. Methods: Disaster terms from textbooks, peer-reviewed and grey literature were used to design a framework of thematic clusters and subject matter ‘nodes’. A set of 84 terms, selected from 143 curated terms was organized within each node reflecting topics within the disaster and global health in crisis literature. Terms were crossed with one another and the term ‘disaster’. The results were formatted into tables and matrices. This process created a roadmap of search terms that could be applied to the PubMed database. Each search in the matrix or table results in a listed number of articles. This process was applied to literature from PubMed from 2005-2011. A complementary process was also applied to Google Scholar using the same framework of clusters, nodes, and terms expanding the search process to include the broader grey literature assets. Results: A framework of four thematic clusters and twelve subject matter nodes were designed to capture diverse disaster and global health in crisis-related content. From 2005-2011 there were 18,660 articles referring to the term [disaster]. Restricting the search to human research, MeSH, and English language there remained 7,736 identified articles representing an unmanageable number to adequately process for research, policy or best practices. However, using the crossed search and matrix process revealed further examples of robust realms of research in disasters, emergency medicine, EMS, public health and global health. Examples of potential gaps in current peer-reviewed disaster and global health in crisis literature were identified as mental health, elderly care, and alternate sites of care. The same framework and process was then applied to Google Scholar, specifically for topics that resulted in few PubMed search returns. When applying the same framework and process to the Google Scholar example searches retrieved unique peer-reviewed articles not identified in PubMed and documents including books, governmental documents and consensus papers. Conclusions: The proposed framework, methodology and process using four clusters, twelve nodes and a matrix and table process applied to PubMed and Google Scholar unlocks otherwise inaccessible opportunities to better navigate the massively growing body of peer-reviewed disaster and global health in crises literature. This approach will assist researchers, policy makers, and practitioners to generate future research questions, report on the overall evolution of the disaster and global health in crisis field and further guide disaster planning, prevention, preparedness, mitigation response and recovery. PMID:23591457

  14. Deaths in the desert: the human rights crisis on the U.S.-Mexico border.

    PubMed

    Androff, David K; Tavassoli, Kyoko Y

    2012-04-01

    Many would acknowledge that immigration is a major issue in the United States and that immigration reform should be a priority. However, there is little attention to the human rights crisis on the U.S.-Mexican border. As a result of tightened border security since 1994, it is estimated that over 5,000 migrants have died in the Sonoran desert. The criminalization of immigration has resulted in a human rights crisis in three areas: (1) the rise of deaths and injuries of migrants crossing the border in harsh and remote locations, (2) the use of mass hearings to prosecute apprehended migrants, and (3) abuses of migrants in immigration detention. These policies and practices have serious repercussions for the affected vulnerable population. Despite recent legislation designed to discourage undocumented immigration, such as Arizona's Senate Bill 1070, the deterrence strategy has not diminished migration--it has only increased the suffering and deaths of migrants. Humanitarian groups are working to prevent more deaths but also have been targeted for criminalization. The profession's ethics compel social workers to work with humanitarian organizations to prevent more deaths and to advocate for humane immigration reform. PMID:23038878

  15. The effect of weather on mood, productivity, and frequency of emotional crisis in a temperate continental climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barnston, A. G.

    1988-06-01

    A group of 62 mostly university student subjects kept structured diaries of their feelings and their productivity for six weeks in Illinois in early autumn. During the same period, daily frequency of telephone calls to a crisis intervention service in the same community was monitored, and complete daily weather data for the vicinity were provided by a local meteorological research facility. Major findings are as follows. The weather appears to influence mood and productivity, but only to a smallextent compared with the aggregate of all other controlling factors. Males show a relatively stronger effect than females. Psychologically troubled people generally appear to be more affected by weather than university students. The students and the crisis intervention service clients with “mild” problems tend to be stressed more when the weather is unstable, cloudy, warm and humid, and least stressed during sunny, dry, cool weather with rising barometric pressure. The crisis service clients with “severe” problems react oppositely to these two weather types. The meaning of these and other results and the strengths and weaknesses of this study's design are discussed.

  16. Understanding Oil Price Behavior through an Analysis of a Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leonardo Maugeri

    2009-01-01

    This article seeks to identify and explain both the fundamental and the more controversial elements that shape the dynamics of the oil market, using the recent oil crisis as the basic framework for analysis. The article suggests that the price of oil is essentially a function of the current and future spare capacity of oil. However, spare capacity alone cannot

  17. Nuclear crisis of 1979. Final report. [Civil defense planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1975-01-01

    This study depicts a sequence of hypothetical strategic events which create an intense nuclear crisis in the summer of 1979. A parallel sequence sketches U.S. civilian responses to these frightening developments including, eventually, the ordering of a mass movement of the urban population into the less risky host areas, generally the smaller towns and rural regions. Some of the major

  18. Mapping the Economic Crisis: Some Preliminary Investigations Pierre Bourreau

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    theories in social sciences that are facing a lack of methods and tools to automatically extract Market Plunge: What Happened and What is Next?" (referred to as SMP), and the "Financial Crisis Inquiry Re- port" (referred to as FCIC). Each of these files was accessible as a PDF, or alternatively

  19. Crisis induced by an escape from a fat strange set

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yue He; Yu-Mei Jiang; Ying Shen; Da-Ren He

    2004-01-01

    This article reports a characteristic crisis observed in a two-dimensional discontinuous and noninvertible map. The discontinuity border in the definition range of the mapping oscillates as the discrete time progresses so that the forward images of the border form a fat fractal. By choosing particular parameters the iterations on the fat fractal display chaotic motion, and the transient iterations from

  20. Solid earth response to the Messinian salinity crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Govers; P. T. Meijer; W. Krijgsman

    2006-01-01

    The salinity crisis of the Mediterranean during Messinian time was one of the most dramatic episodes of oceanic change of the past 20 or so million years. The onset at 5.96 Ma was followed by complete isolation from the Atlantic Ocean, causing a large and rapid drawdown of the Mediterranean water level, erosion and deposition of non-marine sediments in a

  1. Financial crisis in Southeast Asia: dispelling illusion the Minskyan way

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip Arestis

    2002-01-01

    This paper extends Minsky's financial instability hypothesis to the case of the open, 'liberalised', economy, making it possible to put forward a specifically Minskyan account of the road to the financial crisis in Southeast Asia (1997-1998). The analysis suggests that the threats to growth and employment emanating from the financial sector which Minsky identified in the closed economy setting are

  2. The financial crisis in Thailand: Causes, conduct and consequences?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurids S. Lauridsen

    1998-01-01

    The financial crisis in Thailand was a “private sector failure,” expressing itself partly in increasing current account problems but mainly in careless lending\\/borrowing and the accumulation of nonperforming loans in the financial sector. During a period when the real economy showed signs of weakening with sluggish exports and an increase in the current account deficit, “hot money” flowed in and

  3. The current financial crisis: Causes and policy issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adrian Blundell-Wignall; Paul Atkinson; Se Hoon Lee

    2008-01-01

    This article treats some ideas and issues that are part of ongoing reflection at the OECD. They were first raised in a major research article for the Reserve Bank of Australia conference in July 2008, and benefited from policy discussion in and around that conference. One fundamental cause of the crisis was a change in the business model of banking,

  4. Course Corrections. Experts Offer Solutions to the College Cost Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lumina Foundation for Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses outsourcing as one solution to the college cost crisis. It is not presented as the solution; rather, it is put forth as an attractive strategy characterized by minimal financial and programmatic risk. To explore the basic policy considerations associated with outsourcing, this paper briefly reviews why institutions consider…

  5. Utilization of medical care following the Three Mile Island crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. S. Houts; T. W. Hu; R. A. Henderson; P. D. Cleary; G. Tokuhata

    1984-01-01

    Four studies are reported on how utilization of primary health care was affected by the Three Mile Island (TMI) crisis and subsequent distress experienced by persons living in the vicinity of the plant. The studies concerned: 1) Blue Cross-Blue Shield records of claims by primary care physicians in the vicinity of TMI; 2) utilization rates in a family practice located

  6. Modality planning for preventing tunnel vision in crisis management

    E-print Network

    Nijholt, Anton

    and cognitive overload often result in a set of bias in crisis manager's situation understanding and infor quality, and prevent cognitive overload of the user. The main focus of this paper is to present the design modalities, in order to convey information effectively and reduce the cognitive load of the perceivers

  7. Diagnosing the California Electricity "Crisis": Lessons for Latin America

    E-print Network

    Rudnick, Hugh

    , and distribution · Government-owned entities ­ BPA, WAPA, LADWP, SMUD, SRP · Significant out-of-region energy or long-term contracts ­ Very little wholesale regulation in former regime · Painful lesson learned in wholesale market exacerbated problems, but was not cause of "crisis" ­ Retail market with active demand

  8. The Biologist, the Psychologist, and the Environmental Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franke, Robert G.

    1971-01-01

    Considers the possibility that factors identified in the psychological writings of Eric Fromm, which neglect the fulfillment of human psychological needs may have helped induce the environmental crisis. States that biologists need to be aware of these factors when planning restorative and stabilizing strategies. (AL)

  9. Managing Communication during a School Crisis: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gentilucci, James L.

    2007-01-01

    Crisis communication training of school principals is problematic because it overemphasizes media relations and underemphasizes the critical importance of immediate and personal communication with students, staff, and parents--those most affected by school crises. A case study involving the death of a student in a small rural school explains why…

  10. The Uses of Crisis: Taking the Tide at the Flood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerchner, Charles T.; Schuster, Jack H.

    1982-01-01

    Crises can, under certain conditions, be transformed into instruments of organizational good. Undergoing crisis in an organization--calling attention to problems and labeling them as crises--may be a preferable management strategy to coping with prolonged periods of shrinking resources. (MLW)

  11. Speech-gesture driven multimodal interfaces for crisis management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    RAJEEV SHARMA; MOHAMMED YEASIN; NILS KRAHNSTOEVER; INGMAR RAUSCHERT; Guoray Cai; ISAAC BREWER; ALAN M. MACEACHREN; KUNTAL SENGUPTA

    2003-01-01

    Emergency response requires strategic assessment of risks, decisions, and communications that are time critical while requiring teams of individuals to have fast access to large volumes of complex information and technologies that enable tightly coordinated work. The access to this information by crisis management teams in emergency operations centers can be facilitated through various human-computer interfaces. Unfortunately, these interfaces are

  12. The crisis and beyond: Prospects for international economic cooperation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffry A. Frieden

    An integrated world economy requires cooperation among major economic powers. Without determined cooperation among the principal powers, globalization is unlikely to survive the inevitable shocks to which it is subjected. The world faces a difficult adjustment to reduce the macroeconomic imbalances that were a major cause of the current crisis. This means reducing the surpluses of the major surplus countries

  13. Microvascular oxygen consumption during sickle cell pain crisis

    PubMed Central

    Rowley, Carol A.; Ikeda, Allison K.; Seidel, Miles; Anaebere, Tiffany C.; Antalek, Matthew D.; Seamon, Catherine; Conrey, Anna K.; Mendelsohn, Laurel; Nichols, James; Gorbach, Alexander M.; Kato, Gregory J.

    2014-01-01

    Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia and episodic vaso-occlusive pain crises. Vaso-occlusion occurs when deoxygenated hemoglobin S polymerizes and erythrocytes sickle and adhere in the microvasculature, a process dependent on the concentration of hemoglobin S and the rate of deoxygenation, among other factors. We measured oxygen consumption in the thenar eminence during brachial artery occlusion in sickle cell patients and healthy individuals. Microvascular oxygen consumption was greater in sickle cell patients than in healthy individuals (median [interquartile range]; sickle cell: 0.91 [0.75-1.07] vs healthy: 0.75 [0.62-0.94] ??HbO2/min, P < .05) and was elevated further during acute pain crisis (crisis: 1.10 [0.78-1.30] vs recovered: 0.88 [0.76-1.03] ??HbO2/min, P < .05). Increased microvascular oxygen consumption during pain crisis could affect the local oxygen saturation of hemoglobin when oxygen delivery is limiting. Identifying the mechanisms of elevated oxygen consumption during pain crisis might lead to the development of new therapeutic interventions. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01568710. PMID:24665133

  14. Computing Research: A Looming Crisis Edward D. Lazowska

    E-print Network

    Anderson, Richard

    to trend sharply downward. (See Figure 2.) 2.1 The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Compounding, July 2005 #12;Figure 2 The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency funded TCP. The shock of SputnikComputing Research: A Looming Crisis Edward D. Lazowska Bill & Melinda Gates Chair Computer Science

  15. Crisis-Management Plans Are Untested, Survey Says

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    June, Audrey Williams

    2007-01-01

    Newly released survey results reveal that many colleges are focusing more than ever on preparing for a crisis since the massacre at Virginia Tech, but that they may not be well equipped to handle one. The online survey was conducted by SimpsonScarborough, a consulting firm that focuses on colleges and universities. It invited 546 people who are…

  16. Revisiting Communication during a Crisis: Insights from Kenneth Trump

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kowalski, Theodore J.

    2005-01-01

    In the aftermath of several tragic incidents of school violence, school administrators began focusing more directly on crisis management. Those who actually had to activate their plans often discovered that communication--with the media and with the general community--was one of the most challenging tasks they faced. In an effort to determine if…

  17. SOS: Critical Teaching and the Fiscal Crisis of the State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silva, E. T.; Slaughter, S. A.

    The implications of the funding crisis in American postsecondary education for critical teaching are considered, and potential transformations in the role of professional sociologists and the legitimate uses of social science knowledge are addressed. The structural basis for the uneven distribution of funding for the social, physical, and natural…

  18. Responding to a Fiscal Crisis: A Data-Driven Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banta, Trudy W.; Busby, A. Katherine; Kahn, Susan; Black, Karen E.; Johnson, James N.

    2007-01-01

    The Division of Planning and Institutional Improvement (PAII) at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis provides for the campus data for academic planning and management, assessment and evaluation services, and progress reports on mission-critical goals. To respond to a forecast fiscal crisis and support long-range planning for the…

  19. Causes and consequences of the 1982 Third World Debt Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Kalonga Stambuli

    2002-01-01

    This paper investigates underlying causes of the debt crisis that only surfaced with Mexico’s unilateral moratorium on her foreign obligations in 1982. The paper investigates the evolutionary trend of LDC debt and the consequences for lenders, borrowers and the international financial system. The motivation of the research is to develop sound analytical understanding of the mechanics of debt accumulation as

  20. University Presidential Rhetoric and the 2008-2009 Economic Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vitullo, Elizabeth; Johnson, Jason

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on a study of Association of American Universities university presidents' public communications in response to the 2008-2009 economic crisis. The authors present findings from a thematic analysis of 111 letters. The authors highlighted 22 themes and present them within three major categories: factors external to the university;…

  1. Failing Boys! Beyond Crisis, Moral Panic and Limiting Stereotypes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martino, Wayne

    2011-01-01

    For some time now, school boards, Ministries of Education, and the popular media have been expressing concerns about failing boys and how best to meet their needs, framing these concerns in terms of a crisis in which boys are the "new disadvantaged". This perspective does not provide an accurate representation of the problem and, in fact, detracts…

  2. Species distinction and the biodiversity crisis in Lake Victoria

    E-print Network

    Hinch, Scott G.

    Species distinction and the biodiversity crisis in Lake Victoria (Witte et al. 2007) The importance of understanding cichlid species in Lake Victoria's biodiversity collapse Sydney McHugh Brita Pedersson #12;Outline · Lake Victoria background & diversity · Review of Witte et al. 2007 · Critique · Case study: Brazil

  3. Life-threatening hypercalcaemia in association with Addisonian crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Miell; W. Wassif; A. McGregor; J. Butler; R. Ross

    1991-01-01

    A 35 year old woman was admitted with acute radial artery occlusion necessitating two operations and thrombolytic therapy. Subsequently a diagnosis of primary hypothyroidism was made and she was commenced on thyroxine replacement therapy. Her condition, however, continued to deteriorate with the development of an Addisonian crisis heralded by, and complicated by, severe, life-threatening hypercalcaemia. This case highlights the importance

  4. Ambiguous Argument as Advocacy in Organizational Crisis Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sellnow, Timothy L.; Ulmer, Robert R.

    1995-01-01

    Posits that organizations in crisis situations must address multiple audiences with distinct needs. Analyzes the public communication offered by Jack in the Box restaurants during a food poisoning outbreak. Finds that ambiguity may provide organizations with a means for satisfying the divergent needs of their audiences--even where these distinct…

  5. Getting the Crisis Right: Missing Perspectives on Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jamal, Vali

    1988-01-01

    Considers major characteristics of African countries that influence the African crisis. Distinguishes between export crops and food crops and divides food crops into subsistence and sales components. States that three crises afflict Africa: (1) food production, (2) urban supply, and (3) external imbalances and foreign debt. Reflects on the role of…

  6. Rural Community Mental Health Centers' Responses to the Farm Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mermelstein, Joanne; Sundet, Paul A.

    1986-01-01

    Survey of 20 community mental health centers in 12 Midwest grain belt farm states found continuum of farm crisis problems requires professional responses consistent with philosophy and goals of community mental health. Results indicate responses vary, not in relationship to severity of problems, but because of center philosophy and resource…

  7. Medical crisis counseling: A new service delivery model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald P. Koocher; Irene Pollin

    1994-01-01

    The diagnosis or exacerbation of a chronic illness, the aftermath of a serious accident, or worries about future in the context of illness or debilitating injury are all examples of medical crises that pose significant coping challenges. Too often, traditional approaches to psychotherapy have been unable to respond the most urgent needs of people confronting such crises. Medical crisis counseling

  8. Energy Crisis: Libya's and Nigeria's Role. Resource Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    African-American Inst., New York, NY. School Services Div.

    This resource packet contains practical suggestions and resource materials to help secondary teachers teach about Libya's and Nigeria's roles in the energy crisis. Students become acquainted with the governments and cultures of the two countries, examine their social problems, and learn how the Libyan and Nigerian governments are using money from…

  9. Crisis Monitoring: Methods for Heterogeneous Time Series Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William H. Hsu; Nathan D. Gettings; Victoria E. Lease; Yu Pan; David C. Wilkins

    A very important application of time series learning is online diagnosis, or monitoring, to detect and classify hazardous conditions in a physical system. Examples of crisis monitoring in the industrial, military, agricultural and environmental sciences are numerous. This paper first defines heterogeneous time series, those containing different types of embedded, statistical patterns. Next, it surveys basic techniques for acquiring several

  10. Fair value accounting is the wrong scapegoat for this crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2008-01-01

    The ongoing financial crisis has revived the longstanding debate about fair value accounting. This policy contribution by Nicolas Véron argues that in times of market disruption, no accounting standards could lead to consensual outcomes, and that fair value remains better than proposed alternatives. Rather than reducing its scope, policymakers should focus on capital requirements standards (Basel II), where the negative

  11. Fair Value Accounting and the Financial Crisis: Messenger or Contributor?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MICHEL L. MAGNAN; John Molson; Ross Watts; Antonio Parbonetti

    2009-01-01

    Did fair value accounting play a role in the current financial crisis? This appendix explores the issue. Fair value accounting implies that assets and liabilities get measured and reflected on a firm`s financial statements at their market value, or close substitutes. Extensive academic research done over the past 20 years shows that financial statements that reflect the market values of

  12. The biodiversity crisis and the future of evolution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Norman Myers

    1996-01-01

    A large proportion of existing species — possibly half, conceivably even more — may be lost within the foreseeable future. But this may not prove to be the most consequential outcome of the current biodiversity crisis. More significant could be the disruption and degradation of several basic processes of evolution. It appears likely that for mass extinction episodes (MEEs) in

  13. Where have all the teachers gone? The silent crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Halperin; Bill Ratteree

    2003-01-01

    A silent crisis is stalking the families of the world: the swiftly accelerating shortage of teachers worldwide who are qualified and available to teach present and future generations of children. The phenomenon spares few countries, rich or poor, but strikes the developing countries hardest. A survey recently published by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific

  14. Rural Elementary Children's Attitudes Toward the Energy Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayers, Jerry B.

    1976-01-01

    Reports on the results of a survey of the attitudes of rural fifth through seventh grade students toward the energy crisis. Among results, it was found that children at this age level appeared to understand some of the problems and implications of electricity generation from fossil and nuclear fuels, and that overall, older children and females…

  15. Classroom Crisis Intervention through Contracting: A Moral Development Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smaby, Marlowe H.; Tamminen, Armas W.

    1981-01-01

    A counselor can arbitrate problem situations using a systematic approach to classroom intervention which includes meetings with the teacher and students. This crisis intervention model based on moral development can be more effective than reliance on guidance activities disconnected from the actual classroom settings where the problems arise.…

  16. Title: CRISIS INTERVENTION PROGRAM Index #: 50-03.01

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    that he/she is contemplating suicide, it is appropriate for the faculty/staff to assist the student1 Title: CRISIS INTERVENTION PROGRAM Index #: 50-03.01 Division: STUDENT Section: ASSISTANCE Effective Date: 9/11/95 Rationale The impact of a student death whether by suicide, accident or natural

  17. Understanding Government Contexts in GeoCollaborative Crisis Management

    E-print Network

    Klippel, Alexander

    Understanding Government Contexts in GeoCollaborative Crisis Management Guoray Cai College of Information Sciences and Technology Pennsylvania State University University Park, PA 16802, USA +10-814-865-4448 cai@ist.psu.edu Brian Tomaszewski GeoVISTA Center Pennsylvania State University University Park, PA

  18. Towards Solving the Crisis of Islam in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hussain, Amjad M.

    2007-01-01

    This paper identifies the crisis in Muslim higher education as stemming from two unacceptable alternatives: (i) ethnically based Islamic education out of step with British culture and (ii) an 'objective' Islamic studies approach which is not held in esteem by the Muslim community. The path forward for Islamic education in Britain lies in…

  19. The antibiotic resistance crisis: part 1: causes and threats.

    PubMed

    Ventola, C Lee

    2015-04-01

    Decades after the first patients were treated with antibiotics, bacterial infections have again become a threat because of the rapid emergence of resistant bacteria-a crisis attributed to abuse of these medications and a lack of new drug development. PMID:25859123

  20. The End of the Middle Ages: Decline, Crisis, or Transformation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Donald

    1981-01-01

    Compares the adequacy of three historical interpretations of the late Medieval period (crisis, cultural decay, and transformation), in describing the phenomena of continuity and change. The author concludes that the first two interpretations are too limited to encompass the cultural diversity which later metamorphosed into the Renaissance. (AM)

  1. Health, Education and Economic Crisis : Protecting the Poor in Indonesia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. A. Sparrow

    2006-01-01

    When an economic crisis hits, a primary policy concern in developing countries is how social services can be protected and, in particular, how access to health and education for the poor can be maintained. Using the Indonesian Social Safety Net (SSN) as case study, this dissertation investigates the effectiveness of targeted demand side interventions in health and education as a

  2. The Malawi 2002 food crisis: the rural development challenge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Dorward; Jonathan Kydd

    2004-01-01

    The ongoing food crisis in Malawi has drawn stark attention to the failures of development policies over the last 40 years to create wealth and develop a robust economy or the markets on which such an economy must depend. Current market liberalisation policies have achieved at best mixed success in addressing the generic problems inhibiting smallholder agricultural development: low returns

  3. Leading Schools During Crisis: What School Administrators Must Know

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pepper, Matthew J.; London, Tim D.; Dishman, Mike L.; Lewis, Jessica L.

    2010-01-01

    School leadership is synonymous with challenge. However, some school leaders face true crises--situations threatening the continuing existence of their school. "Leading Schools During Crisis" analyzes leadership and behaviors of principals in these extraordinary circumstances. A simultaneously scholarly and practice-oriented book, "Leading Schools…

  4. Northern Youth in Crisis: A Challenge for Justice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Curt Taylor, Ed.

    Northern youth increasingly find themselves in a state of crisis--separated from family and community for the purposes of further education, exposed to the temptations of alcohol and drug abuse and facing the prospect of underemployment, they often come into contact with the justice system at an early age. Fascinated by and indoctrinated with the…

  5. Rhetorics of Regulation in Education after the Global Economic Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartley, David

    2010-01-01

    Economic crises such as those of 1929, 1973 and 2008 appear to associate with shifts in the rhetorics of management. These dates mark the end of expansionary phases within an economic cycle, and they portend what James O'Connor has called a "fiscal crisis of the state". It is argued, speculatively, that immediately before and after an economic…

  6. Reputation and ethical behaviour in a crisis: predicting survival

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tom Watson

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the interrelation of reputation with corporate performance in a crisis and consider the factors that make up the balance between strong recovery, bare survival and failure. The emphasis is on corporate communication and corporate governance. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The current debate on reputation and the validity of the term reputation management

  7. Tourism Crisis Management Institute 2011-2012 Annual Report

    E-print Network

    Guo, Jing

    Tourism Crisis Management Institute 2011-2012 Annual Report 2011 natural disasters cost global for us here at the TCMI. As the global tourism industry continues to be affected by crises ranging from financial uncertainty to extreme weather events, many tourism organizations are faced with negative

  8. Visual Communication in Times of Crisis: The Fukushima Nuclear Accident

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rama C. Hoetzlein

    2012-01-01

    This paper follows the development of visual communication through information visualization in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan. While information aesthetics are often applied to large data sets retrospectively, the author developed new works concurrently with an ongoing crisis to examine the impact and social aspects of visual communication while events continued to unfold. The resulting work,

  9. Visual Communication in Times of Crisis: The Fukushima Nuclear Accident

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rama C. Hoetzlein

    This paper follows the development of visual communication through information visualization in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan. While information aesthetics are often applied to large data sets retrospectively, the author developed new works concurrently with an ongoing crisis to examine the impact and social aspects of visual communication while events continued to unfold. The resulting work,

  10. Crisis Decision Theory: Decisions in the Face of Negative Events

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sweeney, Kate

    2008-01-01

    How do people respond to negative life events? Crisis decision theory combines the strengths of coping theories with research on decision making to predict the responses people choose under negative circumstances. The theory integrates literatures on coping, health behavior, and decision making, among others, into 3 stages that describe the…

  11. PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE What is a psychological crisis?

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE ABUSE What is a psychological crisis? This occurs when an individual AND SHELTER IN PLACE PROCEDURE SECTIONS. SEE CRIMINAL OR VIOLENT BEHAVIOR SECTION #12;3 SUBSTANCE ABUSE What do I need to know about substance abuse at FAU? FAU is committed to providing a safe and orderly

  12. PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE What is a psychological crisis?

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE ABUSE What is a psychological crisis? This occurs when an individual IN PLACE PROCEDURE SECTIONS. SEE CRIMINAL OR VIOLENT BEHAVIOR SECTION #12;SUBSTANCE ABUSE What do I need to know about substance abuse at FAU? FAU is committed to providing a safe and orderly environment for all

  13. PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE What is a psychological crisis?

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE ABUSE What is a psychological crisis? This occurs when an individual Health, 800-865- 3200, for confidential guidance to appropriate counseling. SUBSTANCE ABUSE What do I need to know about substance abuse at FAU? FAU is committed to providing a safe and orderly environment

  14. Changes of anterior chamber architecture induced by laser peripheral iridotomy in acute angle closure crisis.

    PubMed

    Unterlauft, J D; Yafai, Y; Wiedemann, P

    2015-08-01

    In acute angle closure crisis (AAC), a laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) is performed to balance the pressure gradient between anterior and posterior chamber. The hereby induced changes in anterior chamber architecture were analyzed using Scheimpflug photography (SP). SP was performed in eyes with AAC and in fellow eyes (FE) before and after LPI. Intraocular pressure (IOP), anterior chamber volume (ACV), anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber angle width (ACA), and central corneal thickness (CCT) were analyzed. The group consisted of 18 patients (14?, 4?; 69 ± 11 years) with unilateral AAC. Mean IOP in AAC eyes decreased from 49.3 ± 2.8 mmHg at presentation to 13.7 ± 1.6 mmHg after LPI (p = 0.001). Mean ACV increased from 48.2 ± 3.6 to 60.6 ± 2.4 mm(3) in AAC eyes (p < 0.001) and from 60.4 ± 4.6 to 74.1 ± 3.7 mm(3) in the FE (p < 0.001). Mean ACD increased from 1.27 ± 0.08 to 1.44 ± 0.06 mm (p = 0.01) in AAC eyes and decreased in FE from 1.72 ± 0.08 to 1.59 ± 0.04 mm (p = 0.5). Mean ACA increased from 16.8 ± 1.6 to 20.5 ± 1.5° in AAC eyes (p = 0.01) and from 18.5 ± 1.4 to 22.6 ± 1.5° in the FE (p = 0.01). Mean CCT did not change significantly in both groups after LPI (AAC p = 0.09; FE p = 0.9) but a statistically significant difference between the two groups was detectable before LPI (p = 0.04) which disappeared thereafter (p = 0.14). Using Scheimpflug photography, a significant difference of ACV, ACD, and ACA can be detected after LPI in eyes suffering from acute angle closure crisis which demonstrates the effectiveness of LPI. PMID:25084747

  15. CRISIS2012: An Updated Tool to Compute Seismic Hazard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ordaz, M.; Martinelli, F.; Meletti, C.; D'Amico, V.

    2013-05-01

    CRISIS is a computer tool for probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA), whose development started in the late 1980's at the Instituto de Ingeniería, UNAM, Mexico. It started circulating outside the Mexican borders at the beginning of the 1990's, when it was first distributed as part of SEISAN tools. Throughout the years, CRISIS has been used for seismic hazard studies in several countries in Latin America (Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Argentina and Chile), and in many other countries of the World. CRISIS has always circulated free of charge for non-commercial applications. It is worth noting that CRISIS has been mainly written by people that are, at the same time, PSHA practitioners. Therefore, the development loop has been relatively short, and most of the modifications and improvements have been made to satisfy the needs of the developers themselves. CRISIS has evolved from a rather simple FORTRAN code to a relatively complex program with a friendly graphical interface, able to handle a variety of modeling possibilities for source geometries, seismicity descriptions and ground motion prediction models (GMPM). We will describe some of the improvements made for the newest version of the code: CRISIS 2012.These improvements, some of which were made in the frame of the Italian research project INGV-DPC S2 (http://nuovoprogettoesse2.stru.polimi.it/), funded by the Dipartimento della Protezione Civile (DPC; National Civil Protection Department), include: A wider variety of source geometries A wider variety of seismicity models, including the ability to handle non-Poissonian occurrence models and Poissonian smoothed-seismicity descriptions. Enhanced capabilities for using different kinds of GMPM: attenuation tables, built-in models and generalized attenuation models. In the case of built-in models, there is, by default, a set ready to use in CRISIS, but additional custom GMPMs may be freely developed and integrated without having to recompile the core code. Therefore, the users can build new external classes implementing custom GMPM modules by adhering to the programming-interface specification, which is delivered as part of the executable program. On the other hand, generalized attenuation models are non-parametric probabilistic descriptions of the ground motions produced by individual earthquakes with known magnitude and location. In the context of CRISIS, a generalized attenuation model is a collection of probabilistic footprints, one for each of the events considered in the analysis. Each footprint gives the geographical distribution of the intensities produced by this event. CRISIS permits now the inclusion of local site effects in hazard computations. Site effects are given to CRISIS in terms of amplification factors that depend on site location, period, and ground-motion level (in order to account for soil non-linearity). Enhanced capabilities to make logic-tree computations and to produce seismic disaggregation charts. A new presentation layer, developed for accessing the same functionalities of the desktop version via web (CRISISWeb). Examples will be presented and the program will be made available to all interested persons.

  16. Groups32

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A group theory calculator. Groups32 computes information about groups of orders 1-32; has a permutation group package; and provides a search for groups with given generators and relations. Site includes documentation as well as course handouts in PDF format.

  17. Proactive Groups.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galassi, John P., Ed.

    Several authors describe group counseling programs provided by a university counseling center to meet student needs for developing interpersonal communication skills and self-assertion behavior. In response to these needs, the counseling center provided personal growth groups, a proactive black group, a women's group, a marriage growth group, and…

  18. Effects of global financial crisis on network structure in a local stock market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nobi, Ashadun; Maeng, Seong Eun; Ha, Gyeong Gyun; Lee, Jae Woo

    2014-08-01

    This study considers the effects of the 2008 global financial crisis on threshold networks of a local Korean financial market around the time of the crisis. Prices of individual stocks belonging to KOSPI 200 (Korea Composite Stock Price Index 200) are considered for three time periods, namely before, during, and after the crisis. Threshold networks are constructed from fully connected cross-correlation networks, and thresholds of cross-correlation coefficients are assigned to obtain threshold networks. At the high threshold, only one large cluster consisting of firms in the financial sector, heavy industry, and construction is observed during the crisis. However, before and after the crisis, there are several fragmented clusters belonging to various sectors. The power law of the degree distribution in threshold networks is observed within the limited range of thresholds. Threshold networks are fatter during the crisis than before or after the crisis. The clustering coefficient of the threshold network follows the power law in the scaling range.

  19. Financial Crisis and Credit Crunch as a Result of Inefficient Financial Intermediation—with Reference to the Asian Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jorge A. Chan-Lau; Zhaohui Chen

    1998-01-01

    This paper develops a model of private debt financing under inefficient financial intermediation. It suggests a mechanism that can generate the following sequence of events observed in the recent Asian crisis: A period of relatively low capital flow despite a steady improvement in economic fundamentals (capital inflow inertia), followed by a fast buildup of capital inflow, and ended with a

  20. An Integrated Model of School Crisis Preparedness and Intervention. A Shared Foundation to Facilitate International Crisis Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimerson, Shane R.; Brock, Stephen E.; Pletcher, Sarah W.

    2005-01-01

    In an effort to promote the social and cognitive competence of youth, school psychologists must be prepared to address a multitude of contextual factors and life events that impact children's performance and adjustment in school and subsequent developmental trajectories. The domain of crisis preparedness and intervention has received increased…

  1. Can Photoionization Squelching Resolve the Substructure Crisis?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rachel S. Somerville

    2002-01-01

    Cold Dark Matter theory predicts that the Local Group should contain many more dwarf-sized objects than the observed number of dwarf galaxies — the so-called sub-structure problem. We investigate whether the suppression of star formation in these small objects due to the presence of a photoionizing background can resolve the problem. We make use of results from recent hydrodynamic simulations

  2. Psychological interventions for terroristic trauma: prevention, crisis management, and clinical treatment strategies.

    PubMed

    Miller, Laurence

    2011-01-01

    Terrorist attacks combine features of a criminal assault, a mass casualty disaster and an act of war Accordingly, this article presents a model for prevention, response and recovery from the psychological impact of a terror attack. The nature of terrorism is delineated and the various psychological effects are described, including diagnostic clinical syndromes, as well as individual reactions. Interventions in the immediate aftermath of a terrorist attack include on-scene crisis intervention, short-term psychological stabilization, and longer-term psychotherapeutic approaches. Special techniques are described for individuals, families, children, and large groups of survivors and responders. Finally, the ways that mental health clinicians can serve as valuable consultants to community recovery efforts are discussed. PMID:21957724

  3. Food Groups

    MedlinePLUS

    Welcome to the Five Food Groups MyPlate illustrates the five food groups that are the building blocks for a healthy diet using a familiar image – ... half your grains whole. >> See Grains Group Protein Foods Go lean with protein. >> See Protein Foods Group ...

  4. Crisis occurrence and resolution in patients with severe and persistent mental illness: the contribution of suicidality.

    PubMed

    Links, Paul S; Eynan, Rahel; Ball, Jeffrey S; Barr, Aiala; Rourke, Sean

    2005-01-01

    Assertive community treatment appears to have limited impact on the risk of suicide in persons with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI). This exploratory prospective study attempts to understand this observation by studying the contribution of suicidality to the occurrence of crisis events in patients with SPMI. Specifically, an observer-rated measure of the need for hospitalization, the Crisis Triage Rating Scale, was completed at baseline, crisis occurrence, and resolution to determine how much the level of suicidality contributed to the deemed level of crisis. Second, observer-ratings of suicidal ideation, the Modified Scale for Suicide Ideation, and psychopathology and suicidality, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, were measured at baseline, crisis occurrence, and resolution. A self-report measure of distress, the Symptom Distress Scale, was completed at baseline, crisis occurrence, and resolution. Finally, the patients' crisis experiences were recorded qualitatively to compare with quantitative measures of suicidality. Almost 40% of the subjects experienced crisis events and more than a quarter of these events were judged to be severe enough to warrant the need for hospitalization. Our findings suggest that elevation of psychiatric symptoms is a major contributor to the crisis occurrences of individuals with SPMI; although the risk of suicide may have to be conceived as somewhat separate from crisis occurrence. PMID:16485841

  5. Environmental mutagenesis during the end-Permian ecological crisis

    PubMed Central

    Visscher, Henk; Looy, Cindy V.; Collinson, Margaret E.; Brinkhuis, Henk; van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, Johanna H. A.; Kürschner, Wolfram M.; Sephton, Mark A.

    2004-01-01

    During the end-Permian ecological crisis, terrestrial ecosystems experienced preferential dieback of woody vegetation. Across the world, surviving herbaceous lycopsids played a pioneering role in repopulating deforested terrain. We document that the microspores of these lycopsids were regularly released in unseparated tetrads indicative of failure to complete the normal process of spore development. Although involvement of mutation has long been hinted at or proposed in theory, this finding provides concrete evidence for chronic environmental mutagenesis at the time of global ecological crisis. Prolonged exposure to enhanced UV radiation could account satisfactorily for a worldwide increase in land plant mutation. At the end of the Permian, a period of raised UV stress may have been the consequence of severe disruption of the stratospheric ozone balance by excessive emission of hydrothermal organohalogens in the vast area of Siberian Traps volcanism. PMID:15282373

  6. Interaction patterns in crisis negotiations: persuasive arguments and cultural differences.

    PubMed

    Giebels, Ellen; Taylor, Paul J

    2009-01-01

    This research examines cultural differences in negotiators' responses to persuasive arguments in crisis (hostage) negotiations over time. Using a new method of examining cue-response patterns, the authors examined 25 crisis negotiations in which police negotiators interacted with perpetrators from low-context (LC) or high-context (HC) cultures. Compared with HC perpetrators, LC perpetrators were found to use more persuasive arguments, to reciprocate persuasive arguments in the second half of negotiations, and to respond to persuasive arguments in a compromising way. Further analyses found that LC perpetrators were more likely to communicate threats, especially in the first half of the negotiations, but that HC perpetrators were more likely to reciprocate them. The implications of these findings for our understanding of intercultural interaction are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:19186892

  7. Stock markets and criticality in the current economic crisis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    da Silva, Roberto; Zembrzuski, Marcelo; Correa, Fabio C.; Lamb, Luis C.

    2010-12-01

    We show that the current economic crisis has led the market to exhibit a non-critical behavior. We do so by analyzing the quantitative parameters of time series from the main assets of the Brazilian Stock Market BOVESPA. By monitoring global persistence we show a deviation of power law behavior during the crisis in a strong analogy with spin systems (from where this concept was originally conceived). Such behavior is corroborated by an emergent heavy tail of absolute return distribution and also by the magnitude autocorrelation exponent. Comparisons with universal exponents obtained in the international stock markets are also performed. This suggests how a thorough analysis of suitable exponents can bring a possible way of forecasting market crises characterized by non-criticality.

  8. The Asian currency crisis and the Australian health industry.

    PubMed

    Barraclough, S

    1998-01-01

    This article identifies linkages between the Australian health industry and the global economy. It discusses some of the consequences of the Asian currency crisis of 1997-98 for the Australian economy and health industry, with special emphasis upon exports. Devaluation of the Australian dollar will increase the cost of most pharmaceutical and medical imports, but may offer competitive advantages to some Australian exporters. The nascent engagement with Asia of many health industry enterprises is likely to be stifled. It is therefore important for Australian governments, as well as the Australian health industry, to provide intelligence and encouragement to those enterprises that wish to continue their engagement with Asia or resume it when economic equilibrium returns. Markets throughout the world must also be further developed. The crisis may therefore provide the stimulus for re-thinking and re-stating Australian health export policy. PMID:10537568

  9. Intraoperative hypertensive crisis due to a catecholamine-secreting esthesioneuroblastoma

    PubMed Central

    Salmasi, Vafi; Schiavi, Adam; Binder, Zev A.; Ruzevick, Jacob; Orr, Brent A.; Burger, Peter C.; Ball, Douglas W.; Blitz, Ari M.; Koch, Wayne M.; Ishii, Masaru; Gallia, Gary L.

    2015-01-01

    Background Although uncommon, esthesioneuroblastomas may produce clinically significant amounts of catecholamines. Methods We report a patient with a catecholamine-secreting esthesioneuroblastoma who developed intraoperative hypertensive crisis. Results A patient with history of hypertension was referred to our skull base center for management of a residual esthesioneuroblastoma. A staged endonasal endoscopic approach was planned. At the conclusion of the first stage, a hypertensive crisis occurred. Work-up revealed elevated levels of serum and urinary catecholamines. The patient was treated with alpha adrenoceptor blockade prior to the second stage. Serum catecholamine levels following this second stage were normal. On immunohistochemical analysis, the tumor cells were found to be positive for tyrosine hydroxylase, the rate limiting enzyme in cathecholamine synthesis, and achaete-scute homologue 1, a transcription factor essential in the development of olfactory and sympathetic neurons. Conclusion Catecholamine production should be considered in the differential of unexpected extreme hypertension during surgical resection of esthesioneuroblastoma. PMID:25352487

  10. Global Imbalances and the Financial Crisis: Products of Common Causes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maurice Obstfeld; Kenneth Rogoff

    2009-01-01

    This paper makes a case that the global imbalances of the 2000s and the recent global financial crisis are intimately connected. Both have their origins in economic policies followed in a number of countries in the 2000s and in distortions that influenced the transmission of these policies through U.S. and ultimately through global financial markets. In the U.S., the interaction

  11. Financial institutions and the financial crisis in East Asia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Haizhou Huang; Chenggang Xu

    1999-01-01

    This paper investigates institutional reasons for the soft-budget constraint problem; and how the soft-budget constraint problem creates conditions which may result in a financial crisis. As a consequence of soft-budget constraints, bad projects do not stop; bad loans accumulate; and banks and depositors do not receive bad news on time. Poorly informed depositors are then likely to herd to overinvest

  12. Revising the indexing hypothesis: Officials, media, and the Libya crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott L. Althaus; Jill A. Edy; Robert M. Entman; Patricia Phalen

    1996-01-01

    This study revises the indexing hypothesis by specifying its predictions and testing them on a single event, the U.S.?Libya crisis of 1985–1986. We consider not only whether journalists use “official debate” to guide their coverage of important policy issues, but also how they might construct and interpret this debate. Detailed content analysis of the New York Times demonstrates that, while

  13. What Triggers Market Jitters? A Chronicle of the Asian Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graciela L. Kaminsky; Sergio L. Schmukler

    1999-01-01

    April 1999Movements in stock prices in East Asia during the crisis in 1997-98 were triggered by both local and neighbor-country news. Having the highest impact was news about agreements with international organizations and credit rating agencies. But some changes seem to have been driven by herd instincts in the market itself, including overreactions to bad news.In the chaotic financial environment

  14. The Crisis on the Korean Peninsula: Threats, Prejudices and Solutions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dimitrios Kokoromytis

    \\u000a The most recent international nuclear crisis, with North Korea as its epicentre, broke out with the nuclear test on 25 May\\u000a 2009. This article looks back at the political history of North Korea and addresses the nature and features of the regime\\u000a in order to make clear the political rationale that led to the nuclear test on 25 May 2009.

  15. Crisis-management and the Security in the Internet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harada, Izumi

    This paper discusses about the crisis-management and the security in the Internet. The crime that not is so far occurs during widespread to the society of the Internet, and a big social trouble. Moreover, the problem of a new security such as a cyber war and cyber terrorism appeared, too. It is necessary to recognize such a situation, and to do both correspondences corresponding to the environmental transformation by government and the people.

  16. Laminar cortical necrosis in adrenal crisis: Sequential changes on MRI

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoshiaki Saito; Toshihide Ogawa; Jun-ichi Nagaishi; Takehiko Inoue; Yoshihiro Maegaki; Kousaku Ohno

    2008-01-01

    We describe the serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in a six-year-old girl with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, who presented with seizures and unconsciousness during a hypoadrenal crisis. Initial neuroimaging revealed the presence of brain edema with high signal changes in the fronto-parietal cortex on diffusion-weighted MRI. The brain edema worsened four days into admission, and by day 14 low-density areas

  17. [Second year nursing students' identity crisis. "Assessment of objectives"].

    PubMed

    Boittin, Isabelle

    2002-03-01

    Nursing students, guided by aspirations, begin training with an idealized representation of the profession, and the experiences they will encounter during their studies will vary progressively. Nursing training is based initially on a pedagogical system alternating between the classroom and the work place, exposing the student to a variety of situations. This process of work experience during the three years of study is marked by a crisis period during the second year. This involves an identity crisis resulting in a change of objectives. The analysis indicates that this is structural. The beginning of the second year is characterised by the student's confrontation with the theoretical and practical applications of the course. It is the result of a year's experience and instruction, which puts into question the student's vision, beliefs, and the orientation towards a new conception of himself/herself and of the world. The realisation of an incongruity, this reality check, is followed by a feeling of deception. This conflict, common in the second year, must be recognised in order to avoid further compromise to the identity's transformation. As soon as the student finds himself/herself committed to a training program that does not contribute to the realisation of his/her objectives, the feeling of being thrown off balance in relation to his/her point of reference increases, and the end result will be absenteeism or opposition. The handling of this identity crisis, as well as the motivational procedure, implies a modification in the quality of the instructor and in our way of thinking and acting. Are we adequately prepared to manage this crisis? Do we have access to the theories needed to resolve this cognitive conflict? PMID:12001629

  18. Europe / Finance & Economics / Focus Article Parsing the Euro Zone Crisis

    E-print Network

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    Europe / Finance & Economics / Focus Article Parsing the Euro Zone Crisis 8 N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 1 S H A W N D O N N E L L Y Analysis on the three different scenarios that could result in Europe within, Greece has created a lot of trouble for Europe. The process of trying to prevent the country from

  19. How Greek healthcare services are affected by the Euro crisis.

    PubMed

    Kalafati, Maria

    2012-06-01

    Greece's economic crisis is having a detrimental effect on the country's health service. Government cutbacks have forced hospitals to merge, reduced nurse-to-patient ratios and have led to pay cuts and poorer conditions for staff. Emergency nurses must work longer hours with fewer resources for less money, when emergency admissions in the public sector are rising as a result of the economic pressures on Greek society. PMID:22852184

  20. Crisis during the boiling of binary mixtures of liquids

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. V. Anokhina; Rostov State; Strany Sovetov

    2010-01-01

    The existing notions on the crisis of the boiling of binary mixtures are analyzed. It is shown that the maximal values of\\u000a the critical thermal load coincide with the so-called singular points corresponding to defined compounds. The search for new\\u000a binary systems with similar properties can be based on the investigation, first of all, of these binary points.

  1. Public policy and the crisis in home care.

    PubMed

    Schulmerich, S C

    2000-09-01

    When one part of the health care ecosystem is tampered with, the effects are felt in varying degrees throughout the provider community. It is amazing how quickly bad legislation, namely the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, and subsequent regulations can chaotically dismantle and damage what had once been a cost-effective and humane segment of the health care delivery system. Such is the story of home care--a community in crisis. PMID:11186750

  2. Oil production triggered by crisis stays on stream throughout '91

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-12-30

    This paper reports on worldwide production of crude oil and lease condensate that declined slightly in 1991 due to sagging demand. With Kuwait and Iraq still producing negligible volumes, there was little spare production capacity. But the replacement capacity pressed into use during the Persian Gulf crisis proved its durability by remaining on stream throughout the year. Reserves declined marginally. Most reserves changes reflected estimates by governments of some producing countries.

  3. Siberian Gas Venting and the End-Permian Environmental Crisis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Planke, S.; Svensen, H.; Polozov, A. G.; Schmidbauer, N.; Corfu, F.; Podladchikov, Y. Y.; Jamtveit, B.

    2008-12-01

    The end of the Permian period is marked by global warming and the largest known mass extinction on Earth. The crisis is commonly attributed to the formation of the Siberian Traps Large Igneous Province although the causal mechanisms remain disputed. We show that heating of Tunguska Basin sediments by the ascending magma played a key role in triggering the crisis. Our conclusions are based on extensive field work in Siberia in 2004 and 2006. Heating of organic-rich shale and petroleum bearing evaporites led to greenhouse gas and halocarbon generation in sufficient volumes to cause global warming and atmospheric ozone depletion. Basin scale gas production potential estimates show that metamorphism of organic matter and petroleum could have generated >50,000 Gt CO2. The greenhouse gases were released to the end-Permian atmosphere partly through spectacular pipe structures with kilometre-sized craters. Dating of a sill intrusion by the U-Pb method shows that the gas release occurred 252.0 ± 0.4 million years ago, overlapping in time with the end-Permian global warming and mass extinction. Heating experiments to 275°C on petroleum-bearing rock salt from Siberia suggests that methyl chloride and methyl bromide were significant components of the erupted gases. The results suggest that global warming and ozone depletion were the two main drivers for the end-Permian environmental crisis. We demonstrate that the composition of the heated sedimentary rocks below the flood basalts is the most important factor in controlling whether a Large Igneous Provinces causes an environmental crisis or not. We propose that a similar mechanism could have been responsible for the Triassic-Jurassic (~200 Ma) global warming and mass extinction, based on the presence of thick sill intrusions in the evaporite deposits of the Amazon Basin in Brazil.

  4. The Antimicrobial Resistance Crisis: Causes, Consequences, and Management

    PubMed Central

    Michael, Carolyn Anne; Dominey-Howes, Dale; Labbate, Maurizio

    2014-01-01

    The antimicrobial resistance (AMR) crisis is the increasing global incidence of infectious diseases affecting the human population, which are untreatable with any known antimicrobial agent. This crisis will have a devastating cost on human society as both debilitating and lethal diseases increase in frequency and scope. Three major factors determine this crisis: (1) the increasing frequency of AMR phenotypes among microbes is an evolutionary response to the widespread use of antimicrobials; (2) the large and globally connected human population allows pathogens in any environment access to all of humanity; and (3) the extensive and often unnecessary use of antimicrobials by humanity provides the strong selective pressure that is driving the evolutionary response in the microbial world. Of these factors, the size of the human population is least amenable to rapid change. In contrast, the remaining two factors may be affected, so offering a means of managing the crisis: the rate at which AMR, as well as virulence factors evolve in microbial world may be slowed by reducing the applied selective pressure. This may be accomplished by radically reducing the global use of current and prospective antimicrobials. Current management measures to legislate the use of antimicrobials and to educate the healthcare world in the issues, while useful, have not comprehensively addressed the problem of achieving an overall reduction in the human use of antimicrobials. We propose that in addition to current measures and increased research into new antimicrobials and diagnostics, a comprehensive education program will be required to change the public paradigm of antimicrobial usage from that of a first line treatment to that of a last resort when all other therapeutic options have failed. PMID:25279369

  5. Crisis induced by an escape from a fat strange set

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Yue; Jiang, Yu-Mei; Shen, Ying; He, Da-Ren

    2004-11-01

    This article reports a characteristic crisis observed in a two-dimensional discontinuous and noninvertible map. The discontinuity border in the definition range of the mapping oscillates as the discrete time progresses so that the forward images of the border form a fat fractal. By choosing particular parameters the iterations on the fat fractal display chaotic motion, and the transient iterations from the initial values in a certain region of the phase space are attracted to the fat fractal. At a threshold of a control parameter an elliptic periodic orbit and the elliptic islands around it suddenly appear inside the fat strange set so that the iterations on the set escape to the islands. The fat chaotic attractor thus suddenly transfers to a fat transient set. The effect of the feature of the crisis on the rule of the lifetime in the transient set is discussed. It shows that the dependence of the lifetime on the control parameter follows a universal scaling law suggested by Grebogy, Ott, and Yorke [Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 1284 (1986)], and the scaling exponent can be approximated according to the variation rules of the elliptic islands and the measure of the fat fractal. The strange repeller, which appears after the crisis, is also a fat fractal.

  6. Can Composite Fluffy Dust Particles Solve the Interstellar Carbon Crisis?

    E-print Network

    E. Dwek

    1997-01-16

    Interstellar dust models are facing a "carbon crisis", so called because recent observations suggest that the abundance of carbon available for dust in the interstellar medium is less than half of the amount required to be tied up in graphite grains in order to explain the interstellar extinction curve. This paper presents an detailed assessment of a newly-proposed dust model (Mathis 1996), in which the majority of the interstellar carbon is contained in composite and fluffy dust (CFD) grains. Per unit mass, these grains produce more UV extinction, and can therefore account for the interstellar extinction curve with about half the carbon required in traditional dust models. The results of our analysis show that the CFD model falls short in solving the carbon crisis, in providing a fit to the UV-optical interstellar extinction curve. It also predicts a far-infrared emissivity in excess of that observed with the COBE/DIRBE and FIRAS instruments from the diffuse interstellar medium. The failure of the new model highlights the interrelationships between the various dust properties and their observational consequences, and the need to satisfy them all simultaneously in any comprehensive interstellar dust model. In light of these problems, the paper examines other possible solutions to the carbon crisis.

  7. The impact of communication on human behaviour in times of crisis.

    PubMed

    MacLeod, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    Decision makers have constantly sought to find the most appropriate ways to use communication to influence behaviour during times of crises to assist in their recovery. This paper will investigate why policy makers wish to utilise effective crisis communications and explore the importance of crisis communication on influencing human behaviour in a time of crisis as well as the influence that the medium of communication can have. It will be noted that the medium of the message is important to ensure that the correct audience has been reached. This paper will suggest that, for decision makers to maximise the impact of crisis communications during a crisis, they must utilise rhetoric and cognitive response theory. It will also be suggested that the most importance factor in influencing behaviour in a time of crisis is that communications are provided from a credible source and are empathic in nature. PMID:25416375

  8. Food crisis coverage by social and traditional media: A case study of the 2008 Irish dioxin crisis.

    PubMed

    Shan, Liran; Regan, Aine; De Brún, Aoife; Barnett, Julie; van der Sanden, Maarten C A; Wall, Patrick; McConnon, Aine

    2014-11-01

    The world of communication has changed significantly in the last decade as a result of the evolution of social media. Food crisis managers and communicators should be cognizant of the messages presented to the public by all media channels during a crisis. Using the 2008 Irish dioxin contamination incident as an example, a quantitative content analysis was carried out to investigate the relationship between social and traditional media. Messages published in printed newspapers (n = 141), blogs and forums (n = 107), and Twitter (n = 68) were analysed to investigate sourcing practice, story topic and use of tone. Results revealed that traditional media relied on diverse offline sources in reporting a wide range of topics. In comparison, social media responded faster and diminished faster, using offline and online media news messages as the primary sources in reporting very limited topics. No significant difference was found in the presence of negative tone across media. PMID:23825281

  9. Central Africa

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Begun in 1996, the International Crisis Group's (ICG) Central Africa Project analyzes political and ethnic conflict within and between the nations that straddle mid-Africa, including the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi, Angola, Uganda, and Rwanda. As part of that effort ICG has released over twelve full text reports in the last year (a few in French only). The two most recent in-depth reports are: "Africa's Seven-Nation War," which examines how the armies of seven African nations have been drawn into the rebellion against DRC President Laurent Dsir Kabila; and "How Kabila Lost His Way," which traces the foundation of the Kabila regime and seeks to discover why it has engendered both internal and external opposition. Well-researched and fully footnoted, yet written with a non-specialist audience in mind, these reports are a good resource for both students and general readers with an interest in the current situation in Central Africa.

  10. Post Barnwell Class B/C Waste - Crisis Avoidance

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, M.S. [EnergySolutions, Inc, Columbia, SC (United States)

    2008-07-01

    The Barnwell Waste Management Facility (BWMF) is scheduled to restrict access to waste generators outside of the Atlantic Compact (SC, CT, NJ) on July 1, 2008. South Carolina, authorized under the Low-Level Waste Policy Act of 1980 and Amendments Act of 1985, and in agreement with the other Atlantic Compact states, will only accept Class A, B, and C low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) generated within compact. For many years, the BWMF has been the only LLRW disposal facility to accept Class B and C waste from LLRW generators throughout the country, except those that have access to the Northwest Compact Site. Many Class B/C waste generators consider this to be a national crisis situation requiring interim or possible permanent storage, changes in operation, significant cost impacts, and/or elimination of services, especially in the health care and non-power generation industries. With proper in-house waste management practices and utilization of commercial processor services, a national crisis can be avoided, although some generators with specific waste forms or radionuclides will remain without options. In summary: It is unknown what the future will bring for commercial LLRW disposal. Could the anticipated post Barnwell Class B/C crisis be avoided by any of the following? - Barnwell Site remains open for the nation's commercial Class B/C waste; - Richland Site opens back up to the nation for commercial Class B/C waste; - Texas Site opens up to the nation for commercial Class B/C waste; - Federal Government intervenes by keeping a commercial Class B/C site open for the nation's commercial Class B/C waste; - Federal Government makes a DOE site available for commercial Class B/C waste; - Federal Government revisits the LLRW Policy Act of 1980 and Amendments Act of 1985. Without a future LLRW site capable of accepting Class B/C currently on the horizon, commercial LLRW generators are faced with waste volume elimination, reduction, or storage. With proper in-house waste management practices, utilization of commercial processor services and regulatory relief, a national crisis can be avoided. Waste volumes for storage can be reduced to as little as 10% of the current Class B/C volume. Although a national LLRW crisis can be avoided, some generators with specific waste forms or radionuclides will have a significant financial and/or operational impact due to a lack of commercial LLRW management options. (authors)

  11. UK Economic Policy and the Global Financial Crisis: Paradigm Lost? &ast

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DERMOT HODSON; DEBORAH MABBETT

    2009-01-01

    AbstractThe global financial crisis of 2007–08 produced a sudden change in the economic policy of the United Kingdom (UK). Prior to the crisis, the government preached the gospel of price stability, fiscal prudence and light-touch financial regulation. In the wake of the crisis, the government countenanced unconventional monetary policies, a surge in public-sector borrowing and the need for a rethink

  12. Systemic Risk in the Financial Sector: An Analysis of the Subprime-Mortgage Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin F. Hellwig

    2009-01-01

    The paper analyses the causes of the current crisis of the global financial system, with particular emphasis on the systemic\\u000a elements that turned the crisis of subprime mortgage-backed securities in the United States, a small part of the overall system,\\u000a into a worldwide crisis. The first half of the paper explains the role of mortgage securitization as a mechanism for

  13. Hot Groups.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vail, Kathleen

    1996-01-01

    Collaborators sparked by creative ideas and obsessed by a common task may not realize they're part of a "hot group"--a term coined by business professors Harold J. Leavitt and Jean Lipman-Blumen. Spawned by group decision making and employee empowerment, hot groups can flourish in education settings. They're typically small, short lived, and goal…

  14. Economic crisis helps to "demarginalize" women.

    PubMed

    Forje, C L

    1998-05-01

    This article discusses processes that demarginalize women in developing countries. The case study pertained to women in the Santa coffee growing area of North West Province, Cameroon. Coffee is the main source of income for families. Women obtain land for growing subsistence crops with the permission of their husbands and with pleading. The sharp fall in coffee prices left families in economic difficulties. It forced families to reduce coffee production or abandon coffee production entirely. Women found an alternative in growing vegetables for retail sale. The women formed associations that provided instruction on how to farm, sell produce, and obtain credit. Men observed the increase in income from the women's sale of produce. Women included the men in discussions about their progress and difficulties. Men were thus encouraged to sell their land to women. Women gained power by becoming the sole source of family income. The women's groups helped women improve land use and the use of income. This experience proved that crises can have positive outcomes. Men's power was based on economic control over resources rather than culture or machismo. Women's cooperation with men in nation building resulted in economic independence. Marginalization of women was based on money. Women proved that participation, rather than power, was the appropriate means to social change and more equitable relations. The obstacles to women's power included cultural expectations about their roles and choices, sex discrimination, and lack of access to leadership networks. PMID:12293703

  15. THE FORGOTTEN POPULATION? YOUTH, FOOD IN SECURITY, AND RISING PRICES: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GLOBAL FOOD CRISIS

    PubMed Central

    Hadley, Craig; Belachew, Tefera; Lindstrom, David; Tessema, Fasil

    2013-01-01

    The global food crisis has led to increased interest in food insecurity and its causes and consequences. Much of the focus however has been on mothers and young children, with little attention paid to the possible impacts on the large population of youth in developing countries. The objectives of this paper are to (1) draw attention to the food insecurity experience of a forgotten population, youth; (2) test whether the prevalence of food insecurity among Ethiopian adolescents is increasing with the rising cost of foods; and (3) to identify some individual, household, temporal, and spatial predictors of vulnerability. Data are drawn from a baseline survey in 2006 and a follow-up survey round conducted in 2007 of an ongoing population-based longitudinal study of approximately 2,100 youth living in southwestern Ethiopia. Results show high levels of food insecurity among youth, a marked increase in the experience of food insecurity among youth, and a bias in vulnerability toward youth in the poorest households and in rural households. During the intersurvey period boys were also more likely than girls to become food insecure. This latter finding effectively eliminates the gender bias in food insecurity observed in the baseline survey. Youth who became food insecure between survey rounds were also more likely to report worse health in 2007 than in 2006. Collectively our results suggest that youth are not being adequately buffered from food insecurity, and that generalizations about the current food crisis may be too broad and, thus, misrepresent vulnerable groups. Future research should focus on how to best protect vulnerable youth from the experience of food insecurity and its consequences. PMID:24489524

  16. Community-Based Science: A Response to UCSD's Ongoing Racism Crisis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Werner, B.; Barraza, A.; Macgurn, R.

    2010-12-01

    In February, 2010, the University of California - San Diego's long simmering racism crisis erupted in response to a series of racist provocations, including a fraternity party titled "The Compton Cookout" and a noose discovered in the main library. Student groups led by the Black Student Union organized a series of protests, occupations and discussions highlighting the situation at UCSD (including the low fraction of African American students: 1.3%), and pressuring the university to take action. Extensive interviews (March-May, 2010) with participants in the protests indicate that most felt the UCSD senior administration's response was inadequate and failed to address the underlying causes of the crisis. In an attempt to contribute to a more welcoming university that connects to working class communities of color, we have developed an educational program directed towards students in the environmental- and geo-sciences that seeks to establish genuine, two-way links between students and working people, with a focus on City Heights, a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual diverse immigrant community 20 miles from UCSD. Elements of the program include: --critiquing research universities and their connection to working class communities --learning about and discussing issues affecting City Heights, including community, environmental racism, health and traditional knowledge; --interviewing organizers and activists to find out about the stories and struggles of the community; --working on joint projects affecting environmental quality in City Heights with high school students; --partnering with individual high school students to develop a proposal for a joint science project of mutual interest; --developing a proposal for how UCSD could change to better interface with City Heights. An assessment of the impact of the program on individual community members and UCSD students and on developing enduring links between City Heights and UCSD will be presented followed by a preliminary evaluation of the potential of the program to contribute to changing the environment at UCSD in the long term.

  17. Group-Analytic Psychotherapy under Threat of War: The Gulf Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stanley Schneider

    1993-01-01

    President Saddam Hussein's warning that he would unleash `weapons of destruction' upon Israel if Iraq were attacked by the Allied Forces became a reality 18 January 1991 when eight Scud missiles landed in central and northern Israel. Between then and 23 February 1991 thirty-seven Scud missiles landed. Two people died and 239 were injured, with millions of dollars of property

  18. Danish Higher Education: Expansion, Crisis and Institution Building. Yale Higher Education Research Group Working Paper 32.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitehead, John S.

    Part of a series of studies on higher education in different countries, this paper examines the organization of higher education in Denmark, the growth of the system, the nature of the parliamentary legislation of the 1970's, and the Danish system from the standpoint of institution-building. There are three state-supported sectors of higher…

  19. Play Therapy with Children in Crisis: Individual, Group, and Family Treatment. Third Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Nancy Boyd, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    Now in a completely revised and updated third edition, this widely adopted casebook and text presents effective, creative approaches to helping children who have experienced such stressful situations as parental death or divorce, abuse and neglect, violence in the school or community, and natural disasters. While the book retains the focus on…

  20. Nuclear Crisis Communications: The Plan Worked. A Critique of NRC Communications in the Fukushima Daiichi Reactor Crisis - 12073

    SciTech Connect

    Brenner, Eliot; Harrington, Holly; Schmidt, Rebecca [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD 20852 (United States)

    2012-07-01

    'Call the AV-Photo folks and get someone in here to shoot b-roll. We'll never be able to accommodate the network cameras and the only way I can get this to the media is to produce it ourselves'. Eliot Brenner, Director NRC Office of Public Affairs, March 12, 2011. For the past four years we have been speaking to audiences at Waste Management about communications issues. Last year, though we were kept from attending because of the federal budget crisis, our surrogates described to you the lessons the nuclear industry should draw from the BP Gulf oil spill crisis. Those remarks were delivered 11 days before the Fukushima Daiichi tragedy became the nuclear landmark of a generation - an industry changing event with worldwide ramifications, both in science and regulation and in communications. Eliot Brenner cut his teeth on crisis communication in the aviation industry where tragedy unfolds rapidly. He has been a speech-writer to three cabinet secretaries, spokesman for the Federal Aviation Administration and now spokesman for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission since 2004. Holly Harrington manages the NRC crisis response program and has 26 years federal public affairs experience, including eight years at the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Her crisis experience includes the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, numerous hurricanes and floods, Sept 11, and, now Fukushima Daiichi. Rebecca Schmidt is a veteran government relations professional whose decades in Washington include service with the House Armed Services Committee, the House Budget Committee and the Secretary of Defense. Collectively, the Offices of Public Affairs and Congressional Affairs conducted the largest outreach for the agency since Three Mile Island. We worked with the basic rule, described to Waste Management last year just 11 days before Fukushima - communicate early, often and clearly. The response - while not without its problems and lessons - went as smoothly as a chaotic event like Fukushima could go. That was due in large measure to the fact that the NRC has a well-tested system of responding to nuclear emergencies, and we followed our plan. (authors)

  1. Volcano crisis response at Yellowstone volcanic complex - after-action report for exercise held at Salt Lake City, Utah, November 15, 2011

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Pierson, Thomas C.; Driedger, Carolyn L.; Tilling, Robert I.

    2013-01-01

    A functional tabletop exercise was run on November 14-15, 2011 in Salt Lake City, Utah, to test crisis response capabilities, communication protocols, and decision-making by the staff of the multi-agency Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO) as they reacted to a hypothetical exercise scenario of accelerating volcanic unrest at the Yellowstone caldera. The exercise simulated a rapid build-up of seismic activity, ground deformation, and hot-spring water-chemistry and temperature anomalies that culminated in a small- to moderate-size phreatomagmatic eruption within Yellowstone National Park. The YVO scientific team's responses to the unfolding events in the scenario and to simulated requests for information by stakeholders and the media were assessed by (a) the exercise organizers; (b) several non-YVO scientists, who observed and queried participants, and took notes throughout the exercise; and (c) the participants themselves, who kept logs of their actions during the exercise and later participated in a group debriefing session and filled out detailed questionnaires. These evaluations were tabulated, interpreted, and summarized for this report, and on the basis of this information, recommendations have been made. Overall, the YVO teams performed their jobs very well. The exercise revealed that YVO scientists were able to successfully provide critical hazards information, issue information statements, and appropriately raise alert levels during a fast-moving crisis. Based on the exercise, it is recommended that several measures be taken to increase YVO effectiveness during a crisis: 1. Improve role clarification within and between YVO science teams. 2. Improve communications tools and protocols for data-sharing and consensus-building among YVO scientists, who are geographically and administratively dispersed among various institutions across the United States. 3. Familiarize YVO staff with Incident Command System (ICS) procedures and protocols, and provide more in-depth training to appropriate staff members, as needed. 4. Train all science team members in the use of all analytical and computational tools available to them, in order to maximize effectiveness of teams in tracking and interpreting possible accelerating unrest at Yellowstone. Desirable pre-crisis preparations include: (a) updating a catalog of existing map and information products (and identifying additional products) that would be helpful during a crisis; (b) creating "to do" lists of early-crisis tasks for each scientific team; (c) coordinating radio frequencies among partner agencies; and (d) brief training on and promotion of the internal YVO Web log as a repository for scientific observations, data, photographs, and other material to be shared among YVO scientific teams during a crisis. This exercise was designed as an opportunity to practice response to a fast-developing volcano crisis and to test for organizational and procedural weaknesses that could emerge during a real crisis. This report is based upon the observations of the exercise organizers during the one-day exercise and upon written evaluations by the participants. It does not attempt to evaluate any other aspect of YVO or the scientific expertise of any of the highly competent YVO staff. Participants unanimously found the exercise to be helpful for improving their response capabilities, and it is our hope that the report will be a starting point for internal discussions that will make YVO even better-prepared for some future volcano crisis.

  2. ICG-loaded microbubbles for multimodal billiary imaging in cholecystectomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Ruogu; Melvin, Scott; Xu, Ronald X.

    2012-12-01

    A dual-mode imaging technique has been developed for intraoperative imaging of bile ducts and real-time identification of iatrogenic injuries in cholecystectomy. The technique is based on ultrasound (US) and fluorescence (FL) imaging of a dual-mode microbubble (MB) agent comprising a poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) shell and a core of Indocyanine Green. During cholecystectomy, a clinical US probe is used to localize the bile duct structure after bolus injection of dual-mode MBs. As the surrounding adipose tissue is removed and the Calot's triangle is exposed, FL imaging is used to identify the MB distribution and to determine the potential bile duct injury. The contrast-enhanced bile duct imaging technique has been demonstrated in both a surgical simulation model and an ex vivo porcine tissue model under two surgical scenarios. The first scenario simulates the correct procedure where the cystic duct is clipped. The second scenario simulates the incorrect procedure where the common bile duct is clipped, leading to consequent bile duct injury. Benchtop experiments in both the phantom and the ex vivo models show that the dual-mode imaging technique is able to identify the potential bile duct injury during cholecystectomy. A phantom system has also been established for future device calibration and surgical training in image-guided cholecystectomy. Further in vivo animal validation tests are necessary before the technique can be implemented in a clinical setting.

  3. Career Guidance Mentoring for Disengaged Young People. NICEC ICG Briefing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Geoff

    The introduction of mentoring approaches into local career guidance strategies could represent an important method of helping disengaged young people achieve a new sense of direction. The aim of Britain's Mentoring Action Project (MAP) initiative has been to create the opportunity to explore the potential for one-to-one mentoring in career…

  4. Whitehead Groups of Spinor Groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monastyrny?, A. P.; Yanchevski?, V. I.

    1991-02-01

    The Whitehead groups of spinor groups are studied. The known Kneser-Tits conjecture for spinor groups is reduced to a spinor analogue of the Tannaka-Artin problem, namely, to the question of whether the group K1Spin(D), where D is a division ring of exponent 2 , is trivial. A counterexample to the Kneser-Tits problem is constructed in the class of spinor groups. The group K1Spin(D) is computed. The stability of the Whitehead groups of spinor groups under purely transcendental extensions of the ground field is established. The R-equivalence on the k-points of spinor groups and the weak approximation problem are considered. The study of spinor group completes the study of the Whitehead groups of algebraic groups of classical type, that was started in studying reduced K-theory (V.P. Platonov) and was continued for reduced unitary K-theory (V.I. Yanchevski?) and Hermitian K-theory (Platonov and Yanchevski?). Bibliography: 50 titles.

  5. Homogeneous Grouping and Heterogeneous Grouping.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    This paper discusses how to group students for reading instruction. The paper first considers the reasons for heterogeneous grouping, where there are mixed levels of reading achievement among the students in the classroom. It then discusses some weaknesses in advocating heterogeneous grouping. There are individualized plans for reading instruction…

  6. Factors predicting crisis counselor referrals to other crisis counseling, disaster relief, and psychological services: a cross-site analysis of post-Katrina programs.

    PubMed

    Rosen, Craig S; Matthieu, Monica M; Norris, Fran H

    2009-05-01

    An important aspect of crisis counseling is linking survivors with services for their unmet needs. We examined determinants of referrals for disaster relief, additional crisis counseling, and psychological services in 703,000 crisis counseling encounters 3-18 months after Hurricane Katrina. Referrals for disaster relief were predicted by clients' losses, age (adults rather than children), and urbanicity. Referrals for additional counseling and psychological services were predicted by urbanicity, losses and trauma exposure, prior trauma, and preexisting mental health problems. Counseling and psychological referrals declined over time despite continuing mental health needs. Results confirm large urban-rural disparities in access to services. PMID:19381795

  7. Colliding Groups

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Murray

    2001-01-01

    ACIS-I observations of the X-ray groups around NGC6868 and NGC6861 will allow us to investigate the possible merger of these groups into a larger system. Both groups have extended, symmetric X-ray emission, centered on the bright NGC galaxies. Both have been extensively studied at other wavelengths. Of note, NGC6868 has a central radio source and studies of the stellar and

  8. Preventing compulsory admission to psychiatric inpatient care through psycho-education and crisis focused monitoring

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The high number of involuntary placements of people with mental disorders in Switzerland and other European countries constitutes a major public health issue. In view of the ethical and personal relevance of compulsory admission for the patients concerned and given the far-reaching effects in terms of health care costs, innovative interventions to improve the current situation are much needed. A number of promising approaches to prevent involuntary placements have been proposed that target continuity of care by increasing self-management skills of patients. However, the effectiveness of such interventions in terms of more robust criteria (e.g., admission rates) has not been sufficiently analysed in larger study samples. The current study aims to evaluate an intervention programme for patients at high risk of compulsory admission to psychiatric hospitals. Effectiveness will be assessed in terms of a reduced number of psychiatric hospitalisations and days of inpatient care in connection with involuntary psychiatric admissions as well as in terms of cost-containment in inpatient mental health care. The intervention furthermore intends to reduce the degree of patients’ perceived coercion and to increase patient satisfaction, their quality of life and empowerment. Methods/Design This paper describes the design of a randomised controlled intervention study conducted currently at four psychiatric hospitals in the Canton of Zurich. The intervention programme consists of individualised psycho-education focusing on behaviours prior to and during illness-related crisis, the distribution of a crisis card and, after inpatient admission, a 24-month preventive monitoring of individual risk factors for compulsory re-admission to hospital. All measures are provided by a mental health care worker who maintains permanent contact to the patient over the course of the study. In order to prove its effectiveness the intervention programme will be compared with standard care procedures (control group). 200 patients each will be assigned to the intervention group or to the control group. Detailed follow-up assessments of service use, psychopathology and patient perceptions are scheduled 12 and 24 months after discharge. Discussion Innovative interventions have to be established to prevent patients with mental disorders from undergoing the experience of compulsory admission and, with regard to society as a whole, to reduce the costs of health care (and detention). The current study will allow for a prospective analysis of the effectiveness of an intervention programme, providing insight into processes and factors that determine involuntary placement. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN63162737. PMID:22946957

  9. 78 FR 52973 - ICG Knott County, LLC, a Subsidiary of ICG, Inc., a Subsidiary of Arch Coal, Inc.; Including On...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ...Including On-Site Leased Workers From P&P Construction; Kite, Kentucky; Notice...leased workers of P&P Construction. Pursuant to 29 CFR 90...based on the findings that worker separations were not attributable...leased workers of P&P Construction, Kite, Kentucky, to...

  10. Thermal Crisis of the Vorticity Source at a Constant Pressure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kucherov, A. N.

    2014-01-01

    The thermal crisis of the vorticity source at a given energy input at a constant pressure has been investigated from the viewpoint of a perfect gas model and Euler equations. The energy release rates given per unit mass or unit volume of the gas with vorticity source outflow into a vacuum and a submerged space have been considered. The features of analytical solutions for the gas-dynamic parameters in various regimes and for different variants of the vorticity source with energy input, including heat removal, have been investigated. The boundaries of the region of energy input at a constant pressure have been determined.

  11. Thermal crisis of a vorticity source with a compression shock

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kucherov, A. N.

    2013-05-01

    A study is made of the thermal crisis of a vorticity source flowing out into a rarefied space with the supersonic-tosubsonic transition in the compression shock followed by the deceleration of the subsonic flow in a submerged space. Consideration is given to a perfect gas with a constant heat capacity and with negligible thickness of the shock and thickness of the energy-release region. Dependences of the flow parameters on the parameter of mechanical-energy loss, the circulation, the coordinate of the energy-release region, and on the energy-supply parameter are studied.

  12. Life-threatening hypercalcaemia in association with Addisonian crisis.

    PubMed Central

    Miell, J.; Wassif, W.; McGregor, A.; Butler, J.; Ross, R.

    1991-01-01

    A 35 year old woman was admitted with acute radial artery occlusion necessitating two operations and thrombolytic therapy. Subsequently a diagnosis of primary hypothyroidism was made and she was commenced on thyroxine replacement therapy. Her condition, however, continued to deteriorate with the development of an Addisonian crisis heralded by, and complicated by, severe, life-threatening hypercalcaemia. This case highlights the importance of considering Addison's disease in any patient whose condition deteriorates after the introduction of thyroxine replacement, and illustrates the often forgotten association of hypercalcaemia and hypoadrenalism. Images Figure 1 PMID:1754531

  13. The first-year family practice resident. An identity crisis.

    PubMed

    Burr, B D

    1975-04-01

    A definite identity crisis was recognized among first-year family practice residents prior to this year. A specific solution was found through a carefully planned one month family practice rotation that enabled the residents to become fully acquainted with the Family Practice Clinic operation while firmly establishing their identity as unique family practice residents. There is good evidence that this approach has been highly successful in dealing with the problem, and the alleviation of identity crises in first-year residents has, in addition, strengthened other areas of the residency program. PMID:1127389

  14. Multidisciplinary Crisis Simulations: The Way Forward for Training Surgical Teams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shabnam Undre; Maria Koutantji; Nick Sevdalis; Sanjay Gautama; Nowlan Selvapatt; Samantha Williams; Parvinderpal Sains; Peter McCulloch; Ara Darzi; Charles Vincent

    2007-01-01

    Background  High-reliability organizations have stressed the importance of nontechnical skills for safety and of regularly providing such\\u000a training to their teams. Recently safety skills training has been applied in the practice of medicine. In this study, we developed\\u000a and piloted a module using multidisciplinary crisis scenarios in a simulated operating theatre to train entire surgical teams.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Twenty teams participated (n = 80); each

  15. The political economy of oil and the Niger Delta crisis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ighodaro, Osaro O.

    This study is about the burgeoning crisis in Nigeria's Oil Producing Niger Delta region. Discerning the intersecting contributive factors to the crisis, this dissertation suggests that the Niger Delta crisis is symptomatic of challenges to development in Nigeria. Due to the insidious colonial/neo-colonial practices of subjugation, and exploitation of the host communities, it is suggested that the extractive, super-profit motive of Shell, the concomitant environmental degradation, corruption of a bellicose state, ethnic conflict and suffering of the masses are outcomes of a long historically debilitating relationship with international capital which causes irreparable retardation to the host communities. From cash crop economy to a mono-oil economy resources are removed from the communities and used to enhance the colonial state and their post-colonial harbingers of misery. Hence, the indigenous people claim that the Niger Delta is in a crisis, and they are willing to confront the triple alliance of multinational oil companies like Shell, the Nigerian State and the local elite so long as these allies of subjugation continue to neglect the goose that lays the proverbial golden egg (oil that is). Theoretically, a hybrid Political Economy approach was adopted as the over-aching framework for the study, while Dependency theory, modified by what I have called African Transformative scholarly perspective, served as the conceptual tool. Primary and secondary sources of data, including personal observation, interviews, official government documents and other publications were utilized for this analysis. In view of recommendations, it is suggested that first, the Nigerian state should assume decisive and unflinching leadership in holding oil companies responsible for their activities in the host communities; second, oil companies (like Shell) should see themselves as an integral part of the host communities; invest in their development by providing employment opportunities and adhering to humane environmental practices. Finally, I suggest that the ownership and control of all resources, including oil should be vested in those communities in which they are found. The revenues accruing to the constitutive states of Nigeria will be accordingly taxed with the revenues from the taxes utilized for the general good of the polity especially the less endowed communities.

  16. Bradley Group

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Visitors can discover Professor Mark Bradley's and company's use of combinatorial chemistry to synthesize many compounds efficiently. The website features concise summaries, lists of publications, and information on the collaborators involved with the group's numerous research projects. The Research section offers brief summaries, with well-presented images and diagrams, of the group's various research interests, including Antibacterials, Pigments, and Biological Screening.

  17. Colliding Groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murray, Steven

    2001-09-01

    ACIS-I observations of the X-ray groups around NGC6868 and NGC6861 will allow us to investigate the possible merger of these groups into a larger system. Both groups have extended, symmetric X-ray emission, centered on the bright NGC galaxies. Both have been extensively studied at other wavelengths. Of note, NGC6868 has a central radio source and studies of the stellar and ionized gas show unusual kinematics, particularly in the core. With Chandra we will search for interactions in the region between the groups, map the gas temperature and abundance within each group and study the morphology and gas temperature in the central regions to determine if cooling flows are present. GTO Priority "A"

  18. 3D modelling of the Carnian Crisis in a new FWF Project (P22109B17) - Ammonite mass mortality (200 000 000 !!! specimens) as proxy for the Carnian Crisis (Taurus, Turkey)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susanne Mayrhofer; Alexander Lukeneder

    2010-01-01

    The Upper Triassic in general, and the Carnian stage in detail was devastated by one of the most severe ecological crisis of the Mesozoic Era, the Carnian Crisis (= Carnian Pluvial Event), when the carbonate platforms demised and with them most of the reef-builders disappeared. The Orthoceltites assemblage (ammonoids, cephalopods) was formed in the Carnian Crisis, now located at the

  19. Image-guided synergistic photothermal therapy using photoresponsive imaging agent-loaded graphene-based nanosheets.

    PubMed

    Miao, Wenjun; Shim, Gayong; Kim, Gunwoo; Lee, Soondong; Lee, Hee-Jung; Kim, Young Bong; Byun, Youngro; Oh, Yu-Kyoung

    2015-08-10

    We report the image-guided synergistic photothermal antitumor effects of photoresponsive near-infrared (NIR) imaging agent, indocyanine green (ICG), by loading onto hyaluronic acid-anchored, reduced graphene oxide (HArGO) nanosheets. Loading of ICG onto either rGO (ICG/rGO) or HArGO (ICG/HArGO) substantially improved the photostability of photoresponsive ICG upon NIR irradiation. After 1min of irradiation, the NIR absorption peak of ICG almost disappeared whereas the peak of ICG on rGO or HArGO was retained even after 5min of irradiation. Compared with plain rGO, HArGO provided greater cellular delivery of ICG and photothermal tumor cell-killing effects upon laser irradiation in CD44-positive KB cells. The temperature of cell suspensions treated with ICG/HArGO was 2.4-fold higher than that of cells treated with free ICG. Molecular imaging revealed that intravenously administered ICG/HArGO accumulated in KB tumor tissues higher than ICG/rGO or free ICG. Local temperatures in tumor tissues of laser-irradiated KB cell-bearing nude mice were highest in those intravenously administered ICG/HArGO, and were sufficient to trigger thermal-induced complete tumor ablation. Immunohistologically stained tumors also showed the highest percentages of apoptotic cells in the group treated with ICG/HArGO. These results suggest that photoresponsive ICG-loaded HArGO nanosheets could serve as a potential theranostic nano-platform for image-guided and synergistic photothermal antitumor therapy. PMID:26003041

  20. The properties and cointegration of oil spot and futures prices during financial crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chen Leia; Zeng Yonga

    2011-01-01

    Oil price is always influenced by market events and thus shakes continually. Especially, recent financial crisis shocks oil price heavily. However, current studies rarely discuss the property of oil price during financial crisis. Since oil price has excess volatility and it can not be described by standard unit root process, this paper adopts stochastic unit root (STUR) to examine the