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1

Working under pressure: crisis management, pressure groups and the media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis managers need to deal with special interest groups who place pressure on organizations over their performances and work procedures. Pressure groups can stimulate some crisis situations (for example, the Nestlé milk products boycott, the Brent Spar oil storage platform disposal crisis). Because the media is interested in gaining stories that attract audiences (Sherman, 1989) the media can also act

Robert Heath

1998-01-01

2

Group Reactions in a Hospital Crisis Intervention Programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes group reactions among survivors, relatives and hospital staff participating in a crisis intervention programme following a bus accident in Norway. The survivors and the dead were brought to the regional hospital. The groups gathered were injured children and adults, and relatives of injured and dead victims. The participating hospital staff were mainly members of the intensive care

Jan Oystein Berle; Brit Haver; Sigmund W. Karterud

1994-01-01

3

Governance System Effectiveness Following the Crisis: the case of Korean business group headquarters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various corporate governance initiatives were adopted in Korea following a major corporate governance failure, identified as a direct cause of the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997–1998. Our findings indicate that, before the crisis, the likelihood of replacing poorly performing CEOs was not related to business group (chaebol) affiliation. However, after the Asian Financial Crisis, we find CEO turnover sensitivity to

James Jinho Chang; Hyun-Han Shin

2006-01-01

4

ICG laser therapy of acne vulgaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The near-infrared (NIR) laser radiation due to its high penetration depth is widely used in phototherapy. In application to skin appendages a high selectivity of laser treatment is needed to prevent light action on surrounding tissues. Indocyanine Green (ICG) dye may provide a high selectivity of treatment due to effective ICG uploading by a target and its narrow band of

Valery V. Tuchin; Gregory B. Altshuler; Elina A. Genina; Alexey N. Bashkatov; Georgy V. Simonenko; Olga D. Odoevskaya; Ilya V. Yaroslavsky

2004-01-01

5

78 FR 32463 - ICG Knott County Coal, LLC, a Subsidiary of ICG, Inc., Kite, Kentucky; Notice of Affirmative...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Training Administration [TA-W-82,313] ICG Knott County Coal, LLC, a Subsidiary of ICG, Inc., Kite, Kentucky; Notice of Affirmative...applicable to workers and former workers of ICG Knott County Coal, LLC, a subsidiary of...

2013-05-30

6

ICG fluorescence imaging and its medical applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a novel optical angiography system, and introduces its medical applications. We developed the optical enhanced imaging system which can observe the blood and lymphatic vessels as the Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence image. The imaging system consists of 760nm light emitted diode (LED) as excite light, CCD camera as a detector, a high-pass optical filter in front of the CCD and video processing system. The advantage of ICG fluorescence method is safe (radiation free), high sensitive, real time monitoring of blood and/or lymphatic flow, small size, easy to operate and cost effective compared to conventional X-ray angiography or scintigraphy. We have applied this method to several clinical applications such as breast cancer sentinel lymph node (SLN) navigation, lymph edema diagnostic and identification of liver segmentation. In each application, ICG fluorescence method shows useful result. It's indicated that this method is promising technique as optical angiography.

Miwa, Mitsuharu; Shikayama, Takahiro

2008-12-01

7

Risk, interest groups and the definition of crisis: the case of volcanic ash.  

PubMed

This paper considers a key aspect of the 'risk society' thesis: the belief that we should be able to manage risks and control the world around us. In particular it focuses on the interface between risk and risk events as socially constructed and the insights that 'critical situations' give us into 'the routine and mundane', the otherwise taken for granted assumptions underlying risk regulation. It does this with reference to the events precipitated by the April 2010 volcanic eruption in the Eyjafjallajökull area of Iceland. The resulting cloud of volcanic ash spread across Europe and much of Europe's airspace was closed to civil aviation for six days, with far reaching consequences including huge financial losses for airlines. The social processes of defining and reacting to risk and crisis both reveal and generate dilemmas and challenges in regulation. This paper examines the role of different interest groups in defining risk expectations and thereby redefining the ash crisis as a regulatory crisis. PMID:23998317

Hutter, Bridget M; Lloyd-Bostock, Sally

2013-09-01

8

New method for measuring ICG Rmax with a clearance meter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The maximal removal rate of indocyanine green (ICG Rmax) is considered to be an important parameter of hepatic function. However, the method of analysis has some flaws, and an abnormal value is obtained for about 15% of patients. We developed a new method of measuring the ICG Rmax with a clearance meter (RK-1000) that continuously measured the ICG concentration using

Shigeomi Shimizu; Wataru Kamiike; Nobutaka Hatanaka; Yukuo Yoshida; Kunio Tagawa; Masahiko Miyata; Hikaru Matsuda

1995-01-01

9

ICG fluorescence imaging and its medical applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel optical angiography system, and introduces its medical applications. We developed the optical enhanced imaging system which can observe the blood and lymphatic vessels as the Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence image. The imaging system consists of 760nm light emitted diode (LED) as excite light, CCD camera as a detector, a high-pass optical filter in front of

Mitsuharu Miwa; Takahiro Shikayama

2008-01-01

10

Indocyanine Green (ICG) and Evans Blue: Comparative Study of Plasma Volume Measurement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Plasma volumes (PV) were measured in two groups of rats by injection of ICG (n = 213) or Evans Blue (n = 100) via indwelling jugular cannulae. Both groups had similar (p > 0.05) body weights, core temperatures, plasma protein concentrations, and corrected...

D. Schehl-Geiger R. W. Hubbard W. R. Sandel

1982-01-01

11

ICGE: an R package for detecting relevant clusters and atypical units in gene expression  

PubMed Central

Background Gene expression technologies have opened up new ways to diagnose and treat cancer and other diseases. Clustering algorithms are a useful approach with which to analyze genome expression data. They attempt to partition the genes into groups exhibiting similar patterns of variation in expression level. An important problem associated with gene classification is to discern whether the clustering process can find a relevant partition as well as the identification of new genes classes. There are two key aspects to classification: the estimation of the number of clusters, and the decision as to whether a new unit (gene, tumor sample...) belongs to one of these previously identified clusters or to a new group. Results ICGE is a user-friendly R package which provides many functions related to this problem: identify the number of clusters using mixed variables, usually found by applied biomedical researchers; detect whether the data have a cluster structure; identify whether a new unit belongs to one of the pre-identified clusters or to a novel group, and classify new units into the corresponding cluster. The functions in the ICGE package are accompanied by help files and easy examples to facilitate its use. Conclusions We demonstrate the utility of ICGE by analyzing simulated and real data sets. The results show that ICGE could be very useful to a broad research community.

2012-01-01

12

Enhanced photostability of ICG in close proximity to gold colloids  

PubMed Central

Photobleaching of fluorophores frequently limits their detectability or observation time. We examined Indocyanine green (ICG) which is widely used in medical testing and is highly unstable. We showed that spatial localization of ICG near metallic gold colloids resulted in increased photostability. This suggests the use of fluorophore–metal conjugates in situations adversely affected by photobleaching.

Geddes, Chris D.; Cao, Haishi; Lakowicz, Joseph R.

2009-01-01

13

Effects of ICG concentration and particle diameter on photophysical properties of ICG-doped nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The variety of nanoparticles developed by numerous investigators has presented a diverse platform for various optical imaging applications in biomedicine. We have previously reported that the FDA-approved chromophore Indocyanine Green (ICG) can be successfully encapsulated by cross-linked poly-allylamine hydrochloride (PAH)-Disodium Monophosphate (Na2HPO4) to form a nanoparticle for near-infrared imaging applications. The diameter of the constructs is dependent on the charge ratio between the polymer and salt used to encapsulate the chromophore. Modifications of the synthesis methods can alter the photophysical properties of the capsules, either through the adjustment of the charge ratio between PAH and Na2HPO4 or concentration of ICG successfully impregnated into the capsule. Through understanding the effects of tuning the nanoparticle properties, the photophysical characteristics of the constructs can be optimized. Here we present the results of adjusting the diameter of the nanoparticle and amount of ICG on the hydrodynamic diameters, absorption and fluorescence characteristics, and the relative fluorescence quantum yield. Optimizing the photophysical properties of the constructs can lead to increased imaging sensitivity and contrast for potential translational applications, including tumor imaging, which may utilize these nanoconstructs.

Crovisier, Jason; Bahmani, Baharak; Saleh, Reema; Vullev, Valentine; Anvari, Bahman

2014-03-01

14

Report of the Tort Policy Working Group on the Causes, Extent and Policy Implications of the Current Crisis in Insurance Availability and Affordability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Causes and implications of the crisis in liability insurance availability and affordability are discussed in this report. The working group concluded that tort law is a major issue in the insurance crisis and that the federal government can address that issue. The group also concluded that the federal government can do little to remedy other…

Department of Justice, Washington, DC.

15

Polyacrylamide based ICG nanocarriers for enhanced fluorescence and photoacoustic imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indocyanine green (ICG) is an FDA approved tricarbocyanine dye. This dye, with a strong absorbance in the near infrared (NIR) region, has been extensively used for fluorescence and photoacoustic imaging in vivo. ICG in its free form, however, has a few drawbacks that limit its in vivo applications, such as non-targetability, tendency to form aggregates which changes its optical properties, fast degradation, short plasma lifetime and reduced fluorescence at body temperature. In order to bypass these inherent drawbacks, we demonstrate a polyacrylamide based nanocarrier that was particularly designed to carry the negatively charged ICG molecules. These nanocarriers are biodegradable, biocompatible and can be specifically targeted to any cell or tissue. Using these nanocarriers we avoid all the problems associated with free ICG, such as degradation, aggregation and short plasma lifetime, and also enhance demonstrate its ability towards photoacoustics and fluorescence imaging.

Ray, Aniruddha; Yoon, Hyung Ki; Ryu, HeeJu; Koo Lee, Yong-Eun; Kim, Gwangseong; Wang, Xueding; Kopelman, Raoul

2013-02-01

16

Detection of postoperative granulation tissue with an ICG-enhanced integrated OI-/X-ray System  

PubMed Central

Background The development of postoperative granulation tissue is one of the main postoperative risks after lumbar spine surgery. This granulation tissue may lead to persistent or new clinical symptoms or complicate a follow up surgery. A sensitive non-invasive imaging technique, that could diagnose this granulation tissue at the bedside, would help to develop appropriate treatments. Thus, the purpose of this study was to establish a fast and economic imaging tool for the diagnosis of granulation tissue after lumbar spine surgery, using a new integrated Optical Imaging (OI)/X-ray imaging system and the FDA-approved fluorescent contrast agent Indocyanine Green (ICG). Methods 12 male Sprague Dawley rats underwent intervertebral disk surgery. Imaging of the operated lumbar spine was done with the integrated OI/X-ray system at 7 and 14 days after surgery. 6 rats served as non-operated controls. OI/X-ray scans of all rats were acquired before and after intravenous injection of the FDA-approved fluorescent dye Indocyanine Green (ICG) at a dose of 1 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg. The fluorescence signal of the paravertebral soft tissues was compared between different groups of rats using Wilcoxon-tests. Lumbar spines and paravertebral soft tissues were further processed with histopathology. Results In both dose groups, ICG provided a significant enhancement of soft tissue in the area of surgery, which corresponded with granulation tissue on histopathology. The peak and time interval of fluorescence enhancement was significantly higher using 10 mg/kg dose of ICG compared to the 1 mg/kg ICG dose. The levels of significance were p < 0.05. Fusion of OI data with X-rays allowed an accurate anatomical localization of the enhancing granulation tissue. Conclusion ICG-enhanced OI is a suitable technique to diagnose granulation tissue after lumbar spine surgery. This new imaging technique may be clinically applicable for postoperative treatment monitoring. It could be also used to evaluate the effect of anti-inflammatory drugs and may even allow evaluations at the bedside with new hand-held OI scanners.

Meier, Reinhard; Boddington, Sophie; Krug, Christian; Acosta, Frank L; Thullier, Daniel; Henning, Tobias D; Sutton, Elizabeth J; Tavri, Sidhartha; Lotz, Jeffrey C; Daldrup-Link, Heike E

2008-01-01

17

Incorporating Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Knowledge and Skills into the Daily Work of Police Officers: A Focus Group Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative focus group study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training\\u000a for police officers. Thematic analysis of transcripts of focus group discussions revealed that officers report increased knowledge\\u000a of mental illnesses (which manifests as an improved ability to recognize and respond, reduced stereotyping\\/stigmatization,\\u000a greater empathy toward consumers and their caregivers, more patience when dealing

Sonya Hanafi; Masuma Bahora; Berivan N. Demir; Michael T. Compton

2008-01-01

18

From Crisis to Transition: The State of Russian Science Based on Focus Groups with Nuclear Physicists  

SciTech Connect

The collapse of the Soviet system led to a sharp contraction of state funding for science. Formerly privileged scientists suddenly confronted miserly salaries (often paid late), plummeting social prestige, deteriorating research facilities and equipment, and few prospects for improvement. Many departed the field of science for more lucrative opportunities, both within Russia and abroad. The number of inventions, patent applications, and publications by Russian scientists declined. Reports of desperate nuclear physicists seeking work as tram operators and conducting hunger strikes dramatized the rapid collapse of one of the contemporary world's most successful scientific establishments. Even more alarming was the 1996 suicide of Vladimir Nechai, director of the second largest nuclear research center in Russia (Chelyabinsk-70, now known as Snezhinsk). Nechai, a respected theoretical physicist who spent almost 40 years working on Soviet and Russian nuclear programs, killed himself because he could no longer endure his inability to rectify a situation in which his employees had not been paid for more than 5 months and were ''close to starvation.'' The travails of Russia's scientists sparked interest in the West primarily because of the security threat posed by their situation. The seemingly relentless crisis in science raised fears that disgruntled scientists might sell their nuclear weapons expertise to countries or organizations that harbor hostile intentions toward the United States. Such concerns are particularly pressing in the wake of the September 2001 terrorist attacks in the US. At the same time, we should not overlook other critical implications that the state of Russian science has for Russia's long-term economic and political development. It is in the West's interest to see Russia develop a thriving market economy and stable democracy. A successful scientific community can help on both counts. Science and technology can attract foreign investment and fuel renewed economic progress in Russia. Russian scientists could also be an important source of support for democratic norms: sociologists of science have long argued that scientists tend to support democracy because it provides them with the freedom in which their research can flourish. At the same time, a more recent study suggests that funding shortages may override the researcher's need for freedom and drive scientists to align themselves with the economic policies espoused by Nationalists and Communists in order to survive. Therefore, much turns on the question: ''What is the state of science in Russia today?'' The good news is that focus group interviews with Russian nuclear physicists conducted in October 2001 suggest that the ''science in crisis'' image is one-sided and misleading. Though scientists still complained about low salaries, lack of respect in society, and other similar issues, the participants in the focus groups also expressed positive sentiments about recent changes in the field of science. To be sure, the financing of science remains at a considerably lower level than during the heyday of Soviet times. Yet, it is now possible to earn a decent living as a scientist because of the greater availability of foreign and domestic grants and contracts. In addition, state funding has stabilized over the past few years. Thus, it is more accurate to say that Russian science is in a state of transition rather than in a state of crisis.

Gerber, T P; Ball, D Y

2001-12-09

19

Incorporating Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) knowledge and skills into the daily work of police officers: a focus group study.  

PubMed

This qualitative focus group study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training for police officers. Thematic analysis of transcripts of focus group discussions revealed that officers report increased knowledge of mental illnesses (which manifests as an improved ability to recognize and respond, reduced stereotyping/stigmatization, greater empathy toward consumers and their caregivers, more patience when dealing with consumers, and fewer arrests/more redirection toward treatment), as well as practical application of learned skills (evidenced by an ability to put individuals with mental illnesses at ease, reduced unpredictability of the crisis situation, and reduced risk of injury). Results highlight the potential for collaboration between law enforcement (and other public safety/criminal justice professions) and the mental health professions in the expanding CIT collaborative model. PMID:18465226

Hanafi, Sonya; Bahora, Masuma; Demir, Berivan N; Compton, Michael T

2008-12-01

20

Simulation of near infrared spectroscopy with ICG on an adult head  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conventional near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for oxymetry has been extended recently with an indocyanine green (ICG) dye dilution method. The injection of ICG allows estimation of cerebral blood volume (CBV ), the mean transit time (mttICG) and the cerebral blood flow (CBF) from the optical density signals. However, the optical density signal obtained through the skull is substantially in influenced by extracerebral tissue. Monte Carlo simulation is used to simulate for the first time light propagation during NIRS with ICG to characterize extracerebral contamination. Simulations are performed on the anatomical structure of an adult head obtained using 3D-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). ICG is modelled by increasing the absorption coefficients of the tissues, taking their relative blood volumes into account. The effect of ICG on extracerebral contamination of NIRS signals is discussed.

Mudra, R.; Niederer, P.; Keller, E.

2005-05-01

21

Crisis behavior  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Defense has rules and procedures to minimize the opportunity for error and improper behavior among those with access to strategic weapons, but no psychiatric screening system can predict with assurance who will or will not behave rationally during a crisis. Personal problems and institutional decision-making pressures may destroy nuclear deterrence. Certain features of military life, including drug and alcohol abuse, heavy responsibility, tension, and group decision making, can destreoy rationality. 12 references.

Grinspoon, L.

1984-04-01

22

Drug delivery monitoring by photoacoustic tomography with an ICG encapsulated double emulsion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We successfully encapsulated ICG in an ultrasound-triggerable perfluorocarbon double emulsion that prevents ICG from binding with plasma proteins. Photoacoustic spectral measurements on point target as well as 2-D photoacoustic images of blood vessels revealed that the photoacoustic spectrum changes significantly in blood when the ICG-loaded emulsion undergoes acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV), which is the conversion of liquid droplets into gas bubbles using ultrasound. Other than providing a new photoacoustic contrast agent, the ICG encapsulated double emulsion, when imaged with photoacoustic tomography, could facilitate spatial and quantitative monitoring of ultrasound initiated drug delivery.

Wang, Xueding; Rajian, Justin R.; Fabiilli, Mario L.; Fowlkes, J. Brian; Carson, Paul L.

2012-02-01

23

Individual and large-group identity: parallels in development and characteristics in stability and crisis.  

PubMed

A comprehensive understanding of international and interethnic conflict must include a psychological dimension. This paper explores concepts of individual and large-group identity, their inherent connection, and some essential large-group rituals that aim to repair and maintain them. Human psychological development not only involves dynamics associated with one's parents, family, and intimate environment, but also those of one's ethic, religious or national group. Although this may simply be called "acculturation", the evolution of large-group identity involves specific psychological processes. When a large group perceives that its identity is threatened, the group and its individual members typically experience anxiety which is then expressed in certain ritualistic behaviors that can range from benign to highly malignant. Social scientists, diplomats and others who seek to analyze social and political phenomena and formulate policies related to them could benefit from a better understanding of these aspects of human interaction. PMID:10554346

Volkan, V D

1999-12-01

24

Endoscope-integrated ICG technology: first application during intracranial aneurysm surgery.  

PubMed

Microscopic indocyanine green videoangiography (mICG-VA) has gained wide acceptance during intracranial aneurysm surgery by lowering rates of incomplete clipping and occlusion of surrounding vessels. However, mICG-VA images are limited to the microscopic view and some deeper areas, including the aneurysm sac/neck posterior side, cannot be efficiently assessed as they are hidden by the aneurysm, clips, or surrounding structures. Contrarily, endoscopes allow a wider area of visualization, but neurosurgical endoscopes to date only provided visual data. We describe the first application of endoscope ICG-integrated technology (eICG) applied in an initial case of anterior communicating artery aneurysm clipping. This new technique provided also relevant information regarding aneurysm occlusion and patency of parent and branching vessels and small perforating arteries. eICG-VA provided additional information compared to mICG-VA by magnifying areas of interest and improving the ability to view less accessible regions, especially posterior to the aneurysm clip. Obtaining eICG sequences required currently the microscope to be moved away from the operating field. eICG-VA was only recorded under infrared illumination which prevented tissue handling, but white-infrared light views could be interchanged instantaneously. Further development of angled endoscopes integrating the ICG technology and dedicated filters blocking the microscopic light could improve visualization capacities even further. In conclusion, as a result of its ability to reveal structures around corners, the eICG-VA technology could be beneficial when used in combination with mICG-VA to visualize and confirm vessel patency in areas that were previously hidden from the microscope. PMID:22918545

Bruneau, Michaël; Appelboom, Geoffrey; Rynkowski, Michal; Van Cutsem, Nathalie; Mine, Benjamin; De Witte, Olivier

2013-01-01

25

Predicting psychological ripple effects: the role of cultural identity, in-group/out-group identification, and attributions of blame in crisis communication.  

PubMed

Incidents of intentional food contamination can produce ripple effects in consumers such as reduced trust and increased anxiety. In their postcrisis communication, food companies often direct the blame at the perpetrator in an effort to mitigate potential losses and regain consumer trust. The attempt to placate consumers may, in itself, potentially create psychological ripple effects in message readers. This study examined the interacting influence of two message characteristics: identity of the perpetrator of the crime (in-group/out-group membership), and the attribution of blame (reason why the perpetrator committed the crime), with message receiver characteristic (cultural identity) on psychological ripple effects such as blame, trust, anxiety, and future purchase intention. Results indicated that although group membership of the perpetrator was not significant in predicting outcomes for the organization, the attribution communicated in the message was. American message receivers blamed the organization more and trusted it less when personal dispositional attributions were made about the perpetrator. Asian message receivers blamed the organization more and trusted it less when situational attributions were made about the perpetrator. Lowered trust in the company and increased anxiety correlated with lower purchase intent for both American and Asian message receivers. Implications for crisis message design are discussed. PMID:22050442

Anagondahalli, Deepa; Turner, Monique Mitchell

2012-04-01

26

Perfusion measures from dynamic ICG scanning laser ophthalmoscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Movies acquired from fundus imaging using Indocyanine Green (ICG) and a scanning laser ophthalmoscope provide information for identifying vascular and other retinal abnormalities. Today, the main limitation of this modality is that it requires esoteric training for interpretation. A straightforward interpretation of these movies by objective measurements would aid in eliminating this training barrier. A software program has been developed and tested that produces and visualizes 2D maps of perfusion measures. The program corrects for frame-to-frame misalignment caused by eye motion, including rigid misalignment and warp. The alignment method uses a cross-correlation operation that automatically detects the distance due to motion between adjacent frames. The d-ICG movie is further corrected by removing flicker and vignetting artifacts. Each pixel in the corrected movie sequence is fit with a least-squares spline to yield a smooth intensity temporal profile. From the dynamics of these intensity curves, several perfusion measures are calculated. The most effective of these measures include a metric that represents the amount of time required for a vessel to fill with dye, a metric that represents the diffusion of dye, and a metric that is affected by local blood volume. These metrics are calculated from movies acquired before and after treatment for a neovascular condition. A comparison of these before and after measures may someday provide information to the clinician that helps them to evaluate disease progression and response to treatment.

Larkin, Sean; Invernizzi, Alessandro; Beecher, David; Staurenghi, Giovanni; Holmes, Tim

2010-02-01

27

Endoscopic ICG perfusion imaging for flap transplants: technical development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective: Following tumour surgery in the head and neck region, skin flap transplants are usually required to cover the resection area. The purpose of the development was to provide a simple and reliable means to assess whether the transplanted flap is sufficiently perfused. Methods: Fluorescence of intravenously injected Indocyanine green (ICG) was detected with a slightly modified 3-chip CCD camera. Appropriately coated optical filters allow for excitation of ICG with NIR light and detection of NIR ICGfluorescence with the blue channel of the camera. In addition, low intensities of white light can be transmitted to allow for simultaneous display of a remission image in the green and red channels of the camera. Further processing was performed with a LabVIEW program. Results: A satisfactory white light image (red, green and blue display (RGB)) could be calculated from the remission images recorded with the green and red channels of the camera via a look-up table. The look-up table was programmed to provide an optimized blue intensity value for each combination of red and green values. This was generated using a reference image. Implementation of image tracking and intensity measurements in regions of interest (ROIs) in the images is useful to reliably monitor perfusion kinetics of flap and adjacent normal tissue.

Stepp, Herbert; Schachenmayr, Hilmar; Ehrhardt, André; Göbel, Werner; Zhorzel, Sven; Betz, Christian Stephan

2010-02-01

28

Quantitative evaluation of rabbit's hepatic function by HEF, DISADA-K, and ICG Rmax methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hepatic extraction fraction (HEF), DISIDA-K, and ICG Rmax were obtained to evaluate hepatic function for two normal and four abnormal rabbits with rapidly damaged livers. The correlation coefficients among these three methods were found. The correlation coefficient between the HEF and ICG Rmax which is a standard technique in evaluating hepatic function was found to be 0.93. Therefore the

D. W. Kim; S. C. Kim; S. J. Yoon; J. D. Lee; B. R. Kim

1996-01-01

29

Photothermal and photochemical effects of laser light absorption by indocyanine green (ICG)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indocyanine Green (ICG) is clinically used as a fluorescent dye for imaging purposes. Its rapid circulation kinetics and minimal toxicity has prompted investigation into ICG's utility as a photosentitizer for therapeutic applications. Traditionally, optically mediated tumor therapy has focused on photodynamic therapy, which employs a photochemical mechanism resulting from the absorption of low intensity CW laser light by localized photosensitizers

Mohammad A. Yaseen; Parmeswaran Diagaradjane; Brian M. Pikkula; Jie Yu; Michael S. Wong; Bahman Anvari

2005-01-01

30

Indocyanine Green (ICG) and Evans Blue: Comparative Study of Plasma Volume Measurement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Indocyanine green (ICG) has been used successfully to measure cardiac output, hepatic blood flow, and liver function. ICG has a low toxicity, is rapidly distributed in the blood stream, is essentially completely cleared via the liver and has a short half-...

W. R. Sandel R. W. Hubbard D. Schehl-Geiger

1981-01-01

31

Does a Quarterlife Crisis Exist?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the authors examined quarterlife crisis, defined in the popular press as an identity crisis that leaves recent college graduates depressed, anxious, and full of doubt. To determine if a unique crisis exists, 4 groups of young adults (recent high school [n = 23] and college [n = 117] graduates in the workforce, present undergraduate [n = 75],

Nicole E. Rossi; Carolyn J. Mebert

2011-01-01

32

Simultaneous OCT/ICG fluorescence imaging system for investigations of the ocular fundus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors report the construction of a dual channel OCT/indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence system with the optical source common to both the OCT and fluorescence channels based on our previously described ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)/confocal imaging system. The confocal channel is tuned to the fluorescence wavelength range of ICG dye. The system is compact and assembled on a chin rest and it enables the clinician to visualise the same area of the eye fundus in terms of both en face OCT slices and ICG angiograms, displayed side by side. The images are collected by fast en-face scanning (C-scan) followed by slower scanning along a transverse direction and depth scanning. We demonstrate the first such dual OCT/ICG-fluorescence images from healthy eyes. The system is still capable of providing chosen OCT B-scans at selected points from the ICG confocal image, in the same way the OCT/confocal configuration was used.

Dobre, George M.; Cernat, Ramona; Podoleanu, Adrian G.; Pedro, Justin; Rosen, Richard B.

2004-07-01

33

Interest of ICG blood clearance monitoring for reproducible 810-nm diode laser coagulation of blood vessels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose: To evaluate a method of control of diode laser fluence leading to a reproducible ICG-enhanced selective photocoagulation of blood vessels. This method would use the chromophore clearance, i.e. ICG blood concentration decay to adapt the laser fluence. Materials and Methods: A skin flap window was used on hamsters. After a 15 mg/kg ICG solution injection, photocoagulation of vessels were performed. Results: Selective photocoagulation of blood vessels was obtained only during the first 10 minutes. The fluence required to obtain a selective photocoagulation of vessels (F) was modelized using a one compartment phamacokinetic equation: F equals Of(1-e-t/(tau )). The best fit was obtained for a time constant (tau) equals 4.8 min and Of equals 300 J/cm2 (correlation coefficient r2 equals 0.996). During the first 10 minutes, the fluence required for selective photocoagulation of vessels was increased by a factor 4.5. Conclusion: Fluence required for a selective photocoagulation of vessels was correlated to ICG blood concentration decay. The time constant was equivalent to ICG half-life time in human blood. These results demonstrate that diode laser ICG-enhanced photocoagulation can be controlled by monitoring the ICG blood clearance.

Desmettre, Thomas; Soulie-Begu, Sylvie; Devoisselle, Jean-Marie; Mordon, Serge R.

1999-02-01

34

[In vivo ICG fluorescence photometry for quantification of warm ischemia damage of to the liver in a rat model].  

PubMed

The clearance of indocyanine green (ICG) from the peripheral blood has been used for the study of hepatic function in clinical and experimental investigations. We describe a method of simultaneous, semiquantitative measurement of the kinetics of ICG in the peripheral blood, liver, kidney and bile system following intraoperative bolus injection. The method is based on the fluorescence of ICG in the near infrared spectrum. Using this method, we have recognized a temporary extrahepatic storage of ICG within the kidney. Our first results prove changes in the ICG-metabolism fifteen minutes after reperfusion following a 30-minute hepatic ischemia and partial liver resection in the rat. PMID:14518272

Riesener, K P; Matziolis, G; Hektor, J; Kasperk, R; Grebe, R; Schmid-Schönbein, H; Schumpelick, V

1998-01-01

35

Myasthenic Crisis  

PubMed Central

Myasthenic crisis is a complication of myasthenia gravis characterized by worsening of muscle weakness, resulting in respiratory failure that requires intubation and mechanical ventilation. Advances in critical care have improved the mortality rate associated with myasthenic crisis. This article reviews the epidemiology of myasthenic crisis and discusses patient evaluation. Therapeutic options including mechanical ventilation and pharmacological and surgical treatments are also discussed.

Wendell, Linda C.; Levine, Joshua M.

2011-01-01

36

ICG-enhanced imaging of arthritis with an integrated Optical Imaging/X-ray System  

PubMed Central

Background Optical Imaging (OI) is a promising technique that is quick, inexpensive and, in combination with Indocyanine Green (ICG), an FDA-approved fluorescent dye, could provide early detection of rheumatoid arthritis. Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate a combined X-ray/OI imaging system for ICG-enhanced detection of arthritic joints in a rat model of antigen induced arthritis. Methods Arthritis of the knee and ankle joints was induced in six Harlan rats with peptidoglycan polysaccharide polymers (PGPS). Three rats served as non-treated controls. Optical imaging of the knee and ankle joints was done with an integrated OI/X-ray system before and up to 24h post intravenous injection (p.i.) of 10mg/kg ICG. The fluorescence signal intensities of arthritic and normal joints were compared for significant differences using generalized estimation equation models. Specimen of knee and ankle joints were further processed and evaluated by histology. Results ICG provided a significant increase in fluorescence signal of arthritic joints compared to baseline values immediately after administration (p<0.05). The fluorescence signal of arthritic joints was significantly higher compared to the non-arthritic control joints at 1 - 720 min p.i. (p<0.05). Fusion of ICG-enhanced OI and X-rays allowed for anatomical co-registration of the inflamed tissue with the associated joint. H&E stains confirmed marked synovial inflammation of arthritic joints and absence of inflammation in control joints. Conclusion ICG-enhanced OI is a clinically applicable tool for detection of arthritic tissue. Using relatively high doses of ICG, a long term fluorescence enhancement of arthritic joints can be achieved. This may facilitate simultaneous evaluations of multiple joints in a clinical setting. Fusion of ICG-OI scans with X-ray imaging increases anatomical resolution.

Meier, Reinhard; Krug, Christian; Golovko, Daniel; Boddington, Sophie; Piontek, Guido; Rudelius, Martina; Sutton, Elizabeth J.; Baur-Melnyk, Andrea; Jones, Ella F.; Daldrup-Link, Heike E.

2010-01-01

37

Drug delivery monitoring by photoacoustic tomography with an ICG encapsulated double emulsion  

PubMed Central

The absorption spectrum of indocyanine green (ICG), a nontoxic dye used for medical diagnostics, depends upon its concentration as well as the nature of its environment, i.e., the solvent medium into which it is dissolved. In blood, ICG binds with plasma proteins, thus causing changes in its photoacoustic spectrum. We successfully encapsulated ICG in an ultrasound-triggerable perfluorocarbon double emulsion that prevents ICG from binding with plasma proteins. Photoacoustic spectral measurements on point target as well as 2-D photoacoustic images of blood vessels revealed that the photoacoustic spectrum changes significantly in blood when the ICG-loaded emulsion undergoes acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV), which is the conversion of liquid droplets into gas bubbles using ultrasound. We propose that these changes in the photoacoustic spectrum of the ICG emulsion in blood, coupled with photoacoustic tomography, could be used to spatially and quantitatively monitor ultrasound initiated drug delivery. In addition, we suggest that the photoacoustic spectral change induced by ultrasound exposure could also be used as contrast in photoacoustic imaging to obtain a background free image.

Rajian, Justin Rajesh; Fabiilli, Mario L.; Fowlkes, J. Brian; Carson, Paul L.; Wang, Xueding

2011-01-01

38

Spatially resolved pharmacokinetic rate images of ICG using near-infrared optical methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, we present spatially resolved pharmacokinetic rate images of indocyanine green (ICG) obtained from three breast cancer patients using near infrared imaging methods. We used a two-compartment model, namely, plasma and extracellular extravascular (EES), to model ICG kinetics around the tumor region. We introduced extended Kalman filtering (EKF) framework to estimate the ICG pharmacokinetic rate images. The EKF framework allows simultaneous estimation of pharmacokinetic rates and the ICG concentrations in each compartment. Based on the pharmacokinetic rate images, we observed that the rates from inside and outside the tumor region are statistically different with a p-value of 0.0001 for each patient. Additionally, we observed that the ICG concentrations in plasma and the EES compartments are higher around the tumors agreeing with the hypothesis that ICG may act as a diffusible extravascular flow in leaky capillary of cancer vessels. Our study shows that spatially resolved pharmacokinetic rate images can be potentially useful for breast cancer screening and diagnosis.

Alacam, Burak; Yazici, Birsen; Intes, Xavier; Nioka, Shoko; Chance, Britton

2006-03-01

39

Russia's Demographic "Crisis"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Rand Organization has recently made available via the Web the full text of Russia's Demographic "Crisis." "This volume is an outgrowth of a June 5-6, 1995 conference at which a group of Russian demographers presented the results of their pioneering research on Russia's demographic 'crisis' to American colleagues from the Rand Organization, the University of California-Los Angeles, the University of Southern California, and the International Programs Center of the US Bureau of the Census." The six papers that make up the volume deal with two broad categories: "(1) fertility and family planning; and (2) issues in the area of health and mortality--health status, health care, and population aging." The scope of a Russian demographic crisis is hotly debated, as well as "the interrelations between economic reforms and demographic trends in Russia." Russia's Demographic "Crisis" should shed some light on this topic.

1996-01-01

40

Rape Crisis Center Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed for training paraprofessional workers who answer rape-crisis telephone lines. Communication skills, the process of crisis resolution, and the specific body of knowledge relevant to rape victims are uniquely integrated in the training program. The training manual is meant to serve as a guideline for group leaders and as a…

Resnick, Jaquelyn L.; And Others

41

Midlife Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indicates that women experiencing a midlife crisis pass through five recognizable stages: (1) feeling trapped, (2) the first change, (3) multiple changes, (4) rational planning, and (5) implementing the plan. (NKA)

Crow, Mary Lynn

1987-01-01

42

Preparing for a Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To handle unforeseen crises, Albuquerque Public Schools established a critical-incident response team with a simple, understandable chain of command. The group aims to ensure maximum safety and people' well-being, develop a districtwide crisis-response-management plan, coordinate necessary training, and collaborate with community agencies…

Perea, Rosalie D.; Morrison, Shirley

1997-01-01

43

In vivo non-ionizing photoacoustic mapping of sentinel lymph nodes and bladders with ICG-enhanced carbon nanotubes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate the feasibility of mapping a sentinel lymph node (SLN) and urinary bladder by using modified single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as a nonionizing photoacoustic (PA) contrast agent. To improve the PA sensitivity, indocyanine green (ICG) was conjugated with SWNTs and the optical absorption of SWNTs-ICG was enhanced by approximately four times compared to that of plain SWNTs at a concentration of 0.3 µM. In vivo PA imaging results showed that the SLN and bladder were clearly visualized due to accumulation of SWNTs-ICG. This implies that the SWNTs-ICG could be potentially utilized to identify SLNs in breast cancer patients and tracking vesicoureteral reflux in combination with PA imaging.

Koo, Jasung; Jeon, Mansik; Oh, Yunok; Kang, Hyun Wook; Kim, Jeehyun; Kim, Chulhong; Oh, Junghwan

2012-12-01

44

Effect of capsid proteins to ICG mass ratio on fluorescent quantum yield of virus-resembling optical nano-materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We recently reported construction of a new type of optical nano-construct composed of genome-depleted plant infecting brome mosaic virus (BMV) doped with Indocyanine green (ICG), an FDA-approved chromophore. We refer to these constructs as optical viral ghosts (OVGs) since only the capsid protein (CP) subunits of BMV remain to encapsulate ICG. To utilize OVGs as effective nano-probes in fluorescence imaging applications, their fluorescence quantum yield needs to be maximized. In this study, we investigate the effect of altering the CP to ICG mass ratio on the fluorescent quantum yield of OVGs. Results of this study provide the basis for construction of OVGs with optimal amounts of CP and ICG to yield maximal fluorescence quantum yield.

Gupta, Sharad; Ico, Gerardo; Matsumura, Paul; Rao, A. L. N.; Vullev, Valentine; Anvari, Bahman

2012-02-01

45

Effect of bacterial lectin on acceleration of fat cell lipolysis at in vitro diode laser treatment using encapsulated ICG  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The influence of bacterial lectin on photochemically induced fat cell lipolysis was studied. Resulting capsules were tested for ICG absorption by optical spectra measurements. To separate released and encapsulated ICG supernatant was removed and capsules were redispered in pure deionized water. Supernatant and capsule suspension spectra were measured separately. It was also found that pretreatment of tissue by lectin leads to acceleration of lipolysis at photochemical treatment. The data obtained can be used to enhance efficiency of photochemical therapy.

Yanina, Irina Yu.; Kochubey, Vyacheslav I.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Portnov, Sergey A.; Svenskaya, Yuliya I.; Gorin, Dmitry A.; Ponomareva, Elena G.; Nikitina, Valentina E.

2011-10-01

46

Veterans Crisis Line  

MedlinePLUS

... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Suicide Prevention Veterans Crisis Line Warning Signs Suicide Prevention Resources ... at www.VeteransCrisisLine.net , or text 838255 today. Suicide Prevention Resources Veterans Chat - Veterans Crisis Line : Veterans Chat ...

47

Comunicarea crizei vs criza comunicarii. Strategii de comunicare a crizei - Communication of the Crisis vs. Crisis of Communication. Strategies of crisis communication (Romanian version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

If we start from the premises that any crisis, defined as a “manifestation of a balance breach’’ is, firstly, a crisis of communication, a critical existential stage followed cyclically by the individual, group, organization or society (in the first case: birth, adolescence, mid-life crisis, retirement, are just a few examples), then the antagony proposed in the title ceases to appear

2010-01-01

48

Overpopulation crisis.  

PubMed

This article reviews field research on the violent response on the part of animals to conditions of crowding. Monkey species in zoos have consistently been noted to be more quarrelsome and violent than their counterparts in the wild. Up to a certain critical population density various animal species form cooperative social units; however, a surplus population upsets this balance. In addition, under conditions of intense crowding, mammal's care and protection of the young is transformed into indifference, neglect, competition, domination, and ultimately murder. The reversal of social behavior under crowded conditions can be understood as a means of response to a population crisis, in which population is in danger of outrunning resources. In the absence of confinement, tensions among monkeys lead to war between bands. A community weakened by crowding also is more likely to succumb to certain stress diseases and to have less resilience against parasites. Under various special conditions, tolerance may evolve to permit temporary compression without violence; on the other hand, when a violent response is suppressed, the response tends to be explosive when it does occur. If population reduction is delayed too long, the result may be violence, famine, and permanent damage to the environment from overgrazing. In human society there has generally been a lag in the full development of the violent response to crowding. Given the power of modern military technology, it is imperative that human populations avert a population crisis response by substituting voluntary fertility control for involuntary mortality control. PMID:12340737

Russell, C; Russell Wms

1984-01-01

49

Economic Crisis and Educational Crisis in Poland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that economic crisis until recently was considered a peculiar characteristic of free-enterprise economies, this article provides factual information demonstrating the economic crisis in the planned economies of eastern Europe. It describes in detail the consequences of the crisis for education in Poland. (JDH)

Kozakiewicz, Mikolaj

1986-01-01

50

Crisis Paper No. 33. The Energy Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Crisis Paper is thirty-third in a series which expands the analysis of the crisis under discussion to provide a multi-national view of the issue by quoting comment from a selection of newspapers and journals of several countries. A brief introduction outlines the history and background of the energy crisis, emphasizing the underestimated…

Atlantic Information Centre for Teachers, London (England).

51

Explicating crisis coping in crisis communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores coping, a core construct in the cognitive appraisal theory of crisis communication, from the public's perspective. The study proposed and tested the hierarchical framework of publics’ crisis coping that examined the relationship among four types of publics’ crisis coping strategies (i.e., relational thinking, emotional venting, instrumental support, and action). For this purpose, a survey was conducted among

Yan Jin; Soo Yeon Hong

2010-01-01

52

Experiences with TRIDEC's Crisis Management Demonstrator in the Turkish NEAMWave12 exercise tsunami scenario  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On November 27-28, 2012, the Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI) joined other countries in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas (NEAM) region as participants in an international tsunami response exercise. The exercise, titled NEAMWave12, simulated widespread Tsunami Watch situations throughout the NEAM region. It is the first international exercise as such, in this region, where the UNESCO-IOC ICG/NEAMTWS tsunami warning chain has been tested to a full scale for the first time with different systems. One of the systems is developed in the project Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crises (TRIDEC) and has been validated in this exercise among others by KOERI. KOERI, representing the Tsunami National Contact (TNC) and Tsunami Warning Focal Point (TWFP) for Turkey, is one of the key partners in TRIDEC. KOERI is responsible for the operation of a National Tsunami Warning Centre (NTWC) for Turkey and establishes candidate Tsunami Watch Provider (TWP) responsibilities for the Eastern Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara and Black Seas. Based on this profound experience KOERI is contributing valuable requirements to the overall TRIDEC system and is responsible for the definition and development of feasible tsunami-related scenarios in the context of UNESCO-IOC ICG/NEAMTWS activities. However, KOERI's, most important input focuses on testing and evaluating the TRIDEC system according to specified evaluation and validation criteria in order to meet ICG/NEAMTWS requirements. The TRIDEC system will be implemented in three phases, each with a demonstrator. Successively, the demonstrators are addressing related challenges. The first and second phase system demonstrator, deployed at KOERI's crisis management room has been designed and implemented, firstly, to support plausible scenarios for the Turkish NTWC to demonstrate the treatment of simulated tsunami threats with an essential subset of a NTWC. Secondly, the feasibility and the potentials of the implemented approach are demonstrated covering ICG/NEAMTWS standard operations as well as tsunami detection and alerting functions beyond ICG/NEAMTWS requirements. The demonstrator presented addresses information management and decision-support processes for a hypothetical tsunami-related crisis situation in the context of the ICG/NEAMTWS NEAMWave12 exercise. Experiences and results gained with the TRIDEC system during the exercise will be reported.

Hammitzsch, Martin; Necmioglu, Ocal; Lendholt, Matthias; Reißland, Sven; Schulz, Jana; Aksari, Dogan; Koseoglu, Aysegul; Ozer, Ceren; Comoglu, Mustafa; Meral Ozel, Nurcan; Wächter, Joachim

2013-04-01

53

Single wall carbon nanotube/bis carboxylic acid-ICG as a sensitive contrast agent for in vivo tumor imaging in photoacoustic tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we present a novel photoacoustic contrast agent which is based on bis-carboxylic acid derivative of Indocyanine green (ICG) covalently conjugated to single-wall carbon nanotubes (ICG/SWCNT). Covalently attaching ICG to the functionalized SWCNT provides a more robust system that delivers much more ICG to the tumor site. The detection sensitivity of the new contrast agent in mouse tumor model is demonstrated in vivo by our custom built photoacoustic imaging system. PAT summation signal is defined to show the long-term light absorption of tumor areas in ICG injected mice and ICG/SWCNT injected mice. It is shown that ICG is able to provide 33% enhancement at approximately 20 minutes peak response time referred to pre-injection PAT summation level, while ICG/SWCNT provides 128% enhancement at 80 minutes and even higher enhancement of 196% at the end point of experiments (120 minutes on average). Additionally, the ICG/SWCNT enhancement was mainly observed at the tumor periphery as confirmed by fluorescence images of the tumor samples. This feature is highly valuable in guiding surgeons to assess tumor boundaries and dimensions in vivo and improve surgical resection of tumors for achieving clean tumor margins.

Zanganeh, Saeid; Li, Hai; Kumavor, Patrick; Alqasemi, Umar; Aguirre, Andres; Mohammad, Innus; Stanford, Courtney; Smith, Michael B.; Zhu, Quing

2013-03-01

54

In vivo laser assisted end-to-end anastomosis with ICG-infused chitosan patches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laser assisted vascular repair is a new optimized technique based on the use of ICG-infused chitosan patch to close a vessel wound, with or even without few supporting single stitches. We present an in vivo experimental study on an innovative end-to-end laser assisted vascular anastomotic (LAVA) technique, performed with the application of ICGinfused chitosan patches. The photostability and the mechanical properties of ICG-infused chitosan films were preliminary measured. The in vivo study was performed in 10 New Zealand rabbits. After anesthesia, a 3-cm segment of the right common carotid artery was exposed, thus clamped proximally and distally. The artery was then interrupted by means of a full thickness cut. Three single microsutures were used to approximate the two vessel edges. The ICG-infused chitosan patch was rolled all over the anastomotic site and welded by the use of a diode laser emitting at 810 nm and equipped with a 300 ?m diameter optical fiber. Welding was obtained by delivering single laser spots to induce local patch/tissue adhesion. The result was an immediate closure of the anastomosis, with no bleeding at clamps release. Thus animals underwent different follow-up periods, in order to evaluate the welded vessels over time. At follow-up examinations, all the anastomoses were patent and no bleeding signs were documented. Samples of welded vessels underwent histological examinations. Results showed that this technique offer several advantages over conventional suturing methods: simplification of the surgical procedure, shortening of the operative time, better re-endothelization and optimal vascular healing process.

Rossi, Francesca; Matteini, Paolo; Esposito, Giuseppe; Scerrati, Alba; Albanese, Alessio; Puca, Alfredo; Maira, Giulio; Rossi, Giacomo; Pini, Roberto

2011-06-01

55

Indocyanine Green (ICG) Lymphography Is Superior to Lymphoscintigraphy for Diagnostic Imaging of Early Lymphedema of the Upper Limbs  

PubMed Central

Background Secondary lymphedema causes swelling in limbs due to lymph retention following lymph node dissection in cancer therapy. Initiation of treatment soon after appearance of edema is very important, but there is no method for early diagnosis of lymphedema. In this study, we compared the utility of four diagnostic imaging methods: magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), lymphoscintigraphy, and Indocyanine Green (ICG) lymphography. Patients and Methods Between April 2010 and November 2011, we examined 21 female patients (42 arms) with unilateral mild upper limb lymphedema using the four methods. The mean age of the patients was 60.4 years old (35–81 years old). Biopsies of skin and collecting lymphatic vessels were performed in 7 patients who underwent lymphaticovenous anastomosis. Results The specificity was 1 for all four methods. The sensitivity was 1 in ICG lymphography and MRI, 0.62 in lymphoscintigraphy, and 0.33 in CT. These results show that MRI and ICG lymphography are superior to lymphoscintigraphy or CT for diagnosis of lymphedema. In some cases, biopsy findings suggested abnormalities in skin and lymphatic vessels for which lymphoscintigraphy showed no abnormal findings. ICG lymphography showed a dermal backflow pattern in these cases. Conclusions Our findings suggest the importance of dual diagnosis by examination of the lymphatic system using ICG lymphography and evaluation of edema in subcutaneous fat tissue using MRI.

Araki, Jun; Kikuchi, Kazuki; Narushima, Mitsunaga; Yamamoto, Takumi; Iida, Takuya; Yoshimatsu, Hidehiko; Murai, Noriyuki; Mitsui, Kito; Okitsu, Taro; Koshima, Isao

2012-01-01

56

Midlife Crisis in Chinese Men and Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Married adults (N = 1,501) between the ages of 30 and 60 years responded to the 15-item Chinese Midlife Crisis Scale. An examination of the levels of concerns in six midlife age groups showed that although some respondents were dissatisfied with their work and personal achievement, a majority did not indicate dissatisfaction at the crisis level; thus the findings did

Daniel T. L. Shek

1996-01-01

57

Caller Characteristics, Call Contents, and Types of Assistance Provided by Caller Sex and Age Group in a Canadian Inuit Crisis Line in Nunavut, 1991-2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of calls made to a northern Canadian Inuit crisis line in the territory of Nunavut between 1991 and 2001 revealed that the majority of users were adult females who called to discuss problems primarily related to relationships and loneliness/boredom. Younger callers tended to make prank calls. The volunteer staff used mostly empathetic…

Tan, Josephine C. H.; Maranzan, Kathryn Amanda; Boone, Margaret; Vander Velde, John; Levy, Sheila

2012-01-01

58

Crisis in Feminism: The United States and France.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Feminism is experiencing a similar dual crisis in the United States and France. One aspect of this crisis, the movement's alignment with other groups, is destructive, inevitably leading to the subordination of women's issues to "human" issues. The other dimension of the crisis, internal differences, is potentially creative, offering the…

Hogsett, Charlotte

59

Nannofossils and superplumes: The Early Aptian “nannoconid crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of calcareous nannoplankton named nannoconids experienced a crisis in the early Aptian and recovered only later in the late Aptian after a period of virtual absence. Although no extinctions occurred, the widespread nature of the “nannoconid crisis” suggests a global causal factor. This crisis is recorded within the Chiastozygus litterarius nannofossil and Globigerinelloides blowi planktonic foraminiferal zones, postdates

Elisabetta Erba

1994-01-01

60

Nannofossils and superplumes: The early Aptian ``nannoconid crisis''  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of calcareous nannoplankton named nannoconids experienced a crisis in the early Aptian and recovered only later in the late Aptian after a period of virtual absence. Although no extinctions occurred, the widespread nature of the ``nannoconid crisis'' suggests a global causal factor. This crisis is recorded within the Chiastozygus litterarius nannofossil and Globigerinelloides blowi planktonic foraminiferal zones, postdates

Elisabetta Erba

1994-01-01

61

[Comparison of ICG elimination with biotransformation of model substances and histological features of liver biopsy in liver diseases].  

PubMed

The elimination of indocyanine green (ICG) was measured in 45 patients with histologically proved liver disease to evaluate liver blood flow. Furthermore, the elimination of caffeine and metamizol was determined in serum as a parameter of in vivo biotransformation. In a further step the activity of 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylation was measured in liver biopsy samples of 30 out of 45 patients (in vitro parameter of biotransformation). The half-life of ICG was compared with the data of biotransformation by means of the calculation of correlations with special consideration of histological findings in liver biopsy samples (monocellular necrosis, intra-acinar fibrosis, structural transformation). Results demonstrate that ICG-elimination is a nonsufficient criterion of liver blood flow in patients with liver disease, because of considerable variation and many influencing factors including the function of the liver cells. Therefore, it is difficult to evaluate results. PMID:1811655

Kraul, H; Truckenbrodt, J; Sigusch, H; Hippius, M; Machnik, G; Hoffmann, A

1991-01-01

62

Laser-initiated decomposition products of indocyanine green (ICG) and carbon black sensitized biological tissues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organic dyes have found increasing use a s sensitizers in laser surgical procedures, due to their high optical absorbances. Little is known, however, about the nature of the degradation products formed when these dyes are irradiated with a laser. Previous work in our laboratories has shown that irradiation of polymeric and biological tissues with CO2 and Nd:YAG lasers produces a host of volatile and semivolatile by-products, some of which are known to be potential carcinogens. This work focuses on the identification of the chemical by-products formed by diode laser and Nd:YAG laser irradiation of indocyanine green (ICG) and carbon black based ink sensitized tissues, including bone, tendon and sheep's teeth. Samples were mounted in a 0.5-L Pyrex sample chamber equipped with quartz optical windows, charcoal filtered air inlet and an outlet attached to an appropriate sample trap and a constant flow pump. By-products were analyzed by GC/MS and HPLC. Volatiles identified included benzene and formaldehyde. Semi-volatiles included traces of polycyclic aromatics, arising from the biological matrix and inks, as well as fragments of ICG and the carbon ink components. The significance of these results will be discussed, including the necessity of using appropriate evacuation devices when utilizing lasers for surgical procedures.

Kokosa, John M.; Przyjazny, Andrzej; Bartels, Kenneth E.; Motamedi, Massoud; Hayes, Donald J.; Wallace, David B.; Frederickson, Christopher J.

1997-05-01

63

ICG-dyed albumin and diode laser heating for soldering of the trachea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laser tissue soldering is a technique for the closure of incisions, which provides an immediate air- and watertight bond. Previous studies have shown that this method can bond tracheal incisions with the aid of stay sutures or solid albumin strips. In this study we investigated whether soldering using a diode laser and indocyanine green (ICG) dyed liquid albumin solution as solder, was efficacious for the repair of tracheal incisions without the need for additional strengthening aids. A transverse incision was made in isolated pig tracheas. The incision was smeared with liquid solder composed of 42% bovine albumin and 0.1 mg/ml ICG, and soldered using a temperature-controlled fiberoptic diode laser system. The soldered tracheal ends were sealed and the burst pressure measured. In a series of experiments the burst pressure was found to be higher than 382 mm Hg. These preliminary results demonstrate that diode laser tissue soldering of tracheal incisions provides better results than with a CO2 laser, and that it is possible to achieve considerable soldering strength without the use of any additional strengthening procedures.

Shapira, Lior; Rabi, Yaron; Vasserman, Irena; Vasilyev, Tamar; Sharvit, Dan; Hardy, Amos; Katzir, Abraham

2006-03-01

64

The Organization's Role in Managing Midlife Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describing some of the causes of midlife crisis and reasons why organizations should offer help to their employees, the authors suggest these actions: continuing education, retraining, mentoring, autonomy, support groups, counseling, and sabbaticals. (SK)

Morgan, Philip I.; And Others

1985-01-01

65

International Centre for Geohazards (ICG) Established at the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute in Oslo, Norway.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As one of 13 new `Centres of Excellence' awarded by the Norwegian Research Council with a 10-year funding schedule, the International Centre for Geohazards (ICG) was established at the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), in January 2003. The Centre is formed through a co-operation between several institutions, which in addition to NGI are the Gelogical Survey of Norway (NGU), Norwegian Seismic Array (NORSAR), University of Oslo (UiO) and the Norwegian University for Science and Technology (NTNU). The Centre is located in the NGI building in Oslo, Norway. Funding is for 10 years, and the centre is staffed by researchers from the partner institutions, visiting scientists, post-doctoral fellows and Ph.D. students. With the ultimate goal of geohazard mitigation and preventing the loss of lives and damage to infrastructure and environment, key research topics of the Centre are: Unsaturated soils and mechanisms for precipitation-induced slides in steep slopes; Risk and vulnerability analysis for geohazards; Earthquake hazard, vulnerability and risk evaluation; Rock slope failures - models and risks; Landslides in soft clay slopes (quick clay), fjord margins and coastal zones; GIS applications to geohazards; SAR applications to geohazards; Slide dynamics and mechanics of disintegration; Tsunami modelling and prediction; and Offshore Geohazards. As prospecting for hydrocarbons move into increasingly deeper waters of the world's continental margins, research on offshore geohazard forms an important activity of the new centre. Main offshore geohazards include slope instability, effects of shallow gas and gas hydrates on the behaviour of seafloor sediments, mud volcanism and diapirism. Of these, slope instability is considered to be the major hazard, because of the potentially serious third party impact. The current offshore geohazards project within ICG consists of three main themes: Assessment of offshore geohazards (site surveys); Geophysical methods for offshore geohazard studies, including improved modelling; and Pore pressures in offshore sediments: prediction and measurements. Education is a highly prioritised task of the Centre, and new courses are being offered at NTNU and UiO. These courses aim at giving graduate level education in geohazards, with thesis work carried out on ICG projects.

Solheim, A.; Nadim, F.

2003-12-01

66

Surviving a Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses crisis-management planning for college and university campuses that can contribute to effective and rapid response and wise decision making during not only natural disasters, but also those that are manmade. Crisis-management tips are highlighted. (GR)

Kennedy, Mike

1999-01-01

67

Images for Crisis Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most take canoeing, leadership, first aid, CPR and other courses to help cope when something happens, but there is more to dealing with crisis than learning proper procedures and techniques. Three areas of concern interlock to form the Crisis Management Triangle: knowledge and skill, preventive awareness, and crisis management planning. (ERB)

Raffan, James

1984-01-01

68

Crisis Management: Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents summaries of three studies relevant to school crisis response. The first report, "A Framework for International Crisis Intervention" (Sally Dorman), is a review of how existing crisis intervention models (including the NASP PREPaRE model) have been adapted for international use. The second article, "Responding…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Dorman, Sally; Anderson, Luke; McNair, Daniel

2013-01-01

69

When a Crisis Strikes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urges Catholic educators to develop a crisis communication plan to ensure that all communication with the press and public is handled promptly and thoroughly by a designated spokesperson. Describes workshops which simulate real-life challenges as a means of testing crisis management plans. Offers guidelines for the development of a crisis

Keebler, Barbara A.

1989-01-01

70

Economics After the Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global economic crisis of 2008–2009 seemed a crisis not just of economic performance but also of the system's underlying political ideology and economic theory. But a second Great Depression was averted, and the radical shift to New Deal-like economic policies predicted by some never took place. Perhaps the correct response to the crisis is simply careful management of the

Adair Turner

71

Contrast-enhanced diffuse optical tomography of brain perfusion in humans using ICG  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Regular monitoring of brain perfusion at the bedside in neurointensive care is desirable. Currently used imaging modalities are not suited for constant monitoring and often require a transport of the patient. Noninvasive near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in combination with an injection of a safe dye (indocyanine green, ICG) could serve as a quasi-continuous brain perfusion monitor. In this work, we evaluate prerequisites for the development of a brain perfusion monitor using continuous wave (cw) NIRS technique. We present results from a high-resolution diffuse optical tomography (HR-DOT) experiment in humans demonstrating the separation of signals from skin from the brain. This technique can help to monitor neurointensive care patients on a regular basis, detecting changes in cortical perfusion in time.

Habermehl, Christina; Schmitz, Christoph; Steinbrink, Jens

2012-02-01

72

In vivo experimental study on laser welded ICG-loaded chitosan patches for vessel repair  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laser welding of microvessels provides several advantages over conventional suturing techniques: surgical times reduction, vascular healing process improvement, tissue damage reduction. We present the first application of biopolymeric patches in an in vivo laser assisted procedure for vessel repair. The study was performed in 20 New Zealand rabbits. After anesthesia, a 3-cm segment of the right common carotid artery was exposed and clamped proximally and distally. A linear lesion 3 mm in length was carried out. We used a diode laser emitting at 810 nm and equipped with a 300 ?m diameter optical fiber. To close the cut, ICG-loaded chitosan films were prepared: chitosan is characterized by biodegradability, biocompatibility, antimicrobial, haemostatic and wound healing-promoting activity. ICG is an organic chromophore commonly used in the laser welding procedures to mediate the photothermal conversion at the basis of the welding effect. The membranes were used to wrap the whole length of the cut, and then they were welded in the correct position by delivering single laser spots to induce local patch/tissue adhesion. The result is an immediate closure of the wound, with no bleeding at clamps release. The animals were observed during follow-up and sacrificed after 2, 7, 30 and 90 days. All the repaired vessels were patent, no bleeding signs were documented. The carotid samples underwent histological examinations. The advantages of the proposed technique are: simplification of the surgical procedure and shortening of the operative time; good strength of the vessel repair; decreased foreign-body reaction, reduced inflammatory response and improved vascular healing process.

Rossi, Francesca; Matteini, Paolo; Esposito, Giuseppe; Albanese, Alessio; Puca, Alfredo; Maira, Giulio; Rossi, Giacomo; Pini, Roberto

2011-02-01

73

Indocyanine green (ICG) as a new adjuvant for the antimicrobial photo-dynamic therapy (aPDT) in dentistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Clinical surveys show a continuous increase of antimicrobial resistance related to the frequency of the administrated medication. The antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) is an effective adjuvant to reduce the need of antibiotics in dentistry, especially in periodontics. The antimicrobial effect of lightactivated photosensitizers in periodontics is demonstrated in clinical studies and case reports. Indocyanine green (ICG) as a new adjuvant shows the high potential of antiphlogistic and antimicrobial effects in combination with laser-light activation. In trying to answer the question of just how far the influence of temperature is acting on bacteria, this study was carried out. The influences of ICG at different concentrations (0.01 up to 1 mg/ml) in combination with a culture medium (brain-heart-infusion) and a bacteria culture (Streptococcus salivarius) at different optical densities (OD600 0.5 and 0.1) were investigated under laser-light activation. Laser activation was carried out with diode laser at 810 nm and two different power settings (100 mW/300 mW). The pulse repetition rate was 2 kHz. Taking account of the fiber diameter, distance and spot size on the sample surface, the applicated intensities were 6.2 and 18.7 W/cm2. Total irradiation time was 20 s for all meaurements. Transmitted laser power and temperature increase in the culture medium as well as in the bacteria culture were determined. Additionally the influence of ICG regarding bacterial growth and bactericidal effect was investigated in the bacteria culture without laser irradiation. Without laser, no bactericidal effect of ICG was observed. Only a bacteriostatic effect could be proved. In dependence of the ICG concentration and the applied intensities a temperature increase of ?T up to 80°C was measured.

Meister, Joerg; Hopp, Michael; Schäfers, Johannes; Verbeek, Jonas; Kraus, Dominik; Frentzen, Matthias

2014-02-01

74

The Book of Chemical Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a crisis management model that effectively bridges the areas of substance abuse and crisis intervention. A crisis alternatives model which can be incorporated into drug counseling programs is discussed, along with a four-step crisis intervention plan for use by crisis workers that includes: (1) establishing rapport; (2)…

Sours, Floyd P.

75

Hypertensive crisis in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypertensive crisis is rare in children and is usually secondary to an underlying disease. There is strong evidence that the\\u000a renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the genesis of hypertensive crisis. An important principle in the management\\u000a of children with hypertensive crisis is to determine if severe hypertension is chronic, acute, or acute-on-chronic. When it\\u000a is associated with signs

Jayanthi Chandar; Gastón Zilleruelo

76

Radioimmunotherapy with [131I]cG250 in patients with metastasized renal cell cancer: dosimetric analysis and immunologic response  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: A study was designed to define the therapeutic efficacy, safety, and toxicity of two sequential high-dose treatments of radioimmunotherapy with [131I]cG250 in patients with metastasized renal cell carcinoma. Here, we report the dosimetric analysis and the relationship between the development of a human antichimeric antibody response and altered pharmacokinetics. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients (n = 29) with progressive metastatic renal

A. H. Brouwers; W. C. A. M. Buijs; P. F. A. Mulders; P. H. M. de Mulder; W. J. A. A. van den Broek; C. Mala; E. Oosterwijk; O. C. Boerman; F. H. M. Corstens; W. J. G. Oyen

2005-01-01

77

The usefulness of ICG video angiography in the surgical treatment of superior cluneal nerve entrapment neuropathy: technical note.  

PubMed

Superior cluneal nerve (SCN) entrapment neuropathy is a known cause of low back pain. Although surgical release at the entrapment point of the osteofibrous orifice is effective, intraoperative identification of the thin SCN in thick fat tissue and confirmation of sufficient decompression are difficult. Intraoperative indocyanine green video angiography (ICG-VA) is simple, clearly demonstrates the vascular flow dynamics, and provides real-time information on vascular patency and flow. The peripheral nerve is supplied from epineurial vessels around the nerve (vasa nervorum), and the authors now present the first ICG-VA documentation of the technique and usefulness of peripheral nerve neurolysis surgery to treat SCN entrapment neuropathy in 16 locally anesthetized patients. Clinical outcomes were assessed with the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire before surgery and at the latest follow-up after surgery. Indocyanine green video angiography was useful for identifying the SCN in fat tissue. It showed that the SCN penetrated and was entrapped by the thoracolumbar fascia through the orifice just before crossing over the iliac crest in all patients. The SCN was decompressed by dissection of the fascia from the orifice. Indocyanine green video angiography visualized the SCN and its termination at the entrapment point. After sufficient decompression, the SCN was clearly visualized on ICG-VA images. Low back pain improved significantly, from a preoperative Roland-Morris Questionnaire score of 13.8 to a postoperative score of 1.3 at the last follow-up visit (p < 0.05). The authors suggest that ICG-VA is useful for the inspection of peripheral nerves such as the SCN and helps to identify the SCN and to confirm sufficient decompression at surgery for SCN entrapment. PMID:24053371

Kim, Kyongsong; Isu, Toyohiko; Chiba, Yasuhiro; Morimoto, Daijiro; Ohtsubo, Seiji; Kusano, Mitsuo; Kobayashi, Shiro; Morita, Akio

2013-11-01

78

Characterization of intracellular growth regulator icgR by utilizing transcriptomics to identify mediators of pathogenesis in Shigella flexneri.  

PubMed

Shigella species Gram-negative bacteria which cause a diarrheal disease, known as shigellosis, by invading and destroying the colonic mucosa and inducing a robust inflammatory response. With no vaccine available, shigellosis annually kills over 600,000 children in developing countries. This study demonstrates the utility of combining high-throughput bioinformatic methods with in vitro and in vivo assays to provide new insights into pathogenesis. Comparisons of in vivo and in vitro gene expression identified genes associated with intracellular growth. Additional bioinformatics analyses identified genes that are present in S. flexneri isolates but not in the three other Shigella species. Comparison of these two analyses revealed nine genes that are differentially expressed during invasion and that are specific to S. flexneri. One gene, a DeoR family transcriptional regulator with decreased expression during invasion, was further characterized and is now designated icgR, for intracellular growth regulator. Deletion of icgR caused no difference in growth in vitro but resulted in increased intracellular replication in HCT-8 cells. Further in vitro and in vivo studies using high-throughput sequencing of RNA transcripts (RNA-seq) of an isogenic ?icgR mutant identified 34 genes that were upregulated under both growth conditions. This combined informatics and functional approach has allowed the characterization of a gene and pathway previously unknown in Shigella pathogenesis and provides a framework for further identification of novel virulence factors and regulatory pathways. PMID:23753632

Morris, Carolyn R; Grassel, Christen L; Redman, Julia C; Sahl, Jason W; Barry, Eileen M; Rasko, David A

2013-09-01

79

Characterization of Intracellular Growth Regulator icgR by Utilizing Transcriptomics To Identify Mediators of Pathogenesis in Shigella flexneri  

PubMed Central

Shigella species Gram-negative bacteria which cause a diarrheal disease, known as shigellosis, by invading and destroying the colonic mucosa and inducing a robust inflammatory response. With no vaccine available, shigellosis annually kills over 600,000 children in developing countries. This study demonstrates the utility of combining high-throughput bioinformatic methods with in vitro and in vivo assays to provide new insights into pathogenesis. Comparisons of in vivo and in vitro gene expression identified genes associated with intracellular growth. Additional bioinformatics analyses identified genes that are present in S. flexneri isolates but not in the three other Shigella species. Comparison of these two analyses revealed nine genes that are differentially expressed during invasion and that are specific to S. flexneri. One gene, a DeoR family transcriptional regulator with decreased expression during invasion, was further characterized and is now designated icgR, for intracellular growth regulator. Deletion of icgR caused no difference in growth in vitro but resulted in increased intracellular replication in HCT-8 cells. Further in vitro and in vivo studies using high-throughput sequencing of RNA transcripts (RNA-seq) of an isogenic ?icgR mutant identified 34 genes that were upregulated under both growth conditions. This combined informatics and functional approach has allowed the characterization of a gene and pathway previously unknown in Shigella pathogenesis and provides a framework for further identification of novel virulence factors and regulatory pathways.

Morris, Carolyn R.; Grassel, Christen L.; Redman, Julia C.; Sahl, Jason W.

2013-01-01

80

Maintenance Crisis vs Solutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Industrial maintenance in Northeast Georgia is facing an acute crisis. Contributing factors are economic development that is depleting the work force, aging of the population, downsizing of the military, and lack of technical school graduates. Solutions to the crisis fall into three categories: short-term, mid-term, and long-term. For short-term…

Haggard, Susie

81

Educational Technology in Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presentation of the historical epistemological path is needed to understand and reconsider the discipline of Educational Technology in articulation to contributions of rupturistic theorists in order to reach to a critical proposal and a revision of its field. This field is facing a deep crisis within a time of world crisis, specially in the…

Fainholc, Beatriz

2008-01-01

82

Hypertensive crisis in children.  

PubMed

Hypertensive crisis is rare in children and is usually secondary to an underlying disease. There is strong evidence that the renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the genesis of hypertensive crisis. An important principle in the management of children with hypertensive crisis is to determine if severe hypertension is chronic, acute, or acute-on-chronic. When it is associated with signs of end-organ damage such as encephalopathy, congestive cardiac failure or renal failure, there is an emergent need to lower blood pressures to 25-30% of the original value and then accomplish a gradual reduction in blood pressure. Precipitous drops in blood pressure can result in impairment of perfusion of vital organs. Medications commonly used to treat hypertensive crisis in children are nicardipine, labetalol and sodium nitroprusside. In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology, differential diagnosis and recent developments in management of hypertensive crisis in children. PMID:21773822

Chandar, Jayanthi; Zilleruelo, Gastón

2012-05-01

83

Knowledge communication: a key to successful crisis management.  

PubMed

A winning concept of crisis management can be summarized in 2 words: knowledge communication. If decision makers, communicators, experts, and the public understand what the crisis is about and share their knowledge, the process of handling it will be optimized. Effective crisis communication implies the necessity of an unhindered but purposeful exchange of information within and between authorities, organizations, media, involved individuals, and groups before, during, and after a crisis. This article focuses on the importance of the before, or prevention, part of a crisis since it holds a rich possibility to enhance the chances for successful crisis management of a bioterrorism incident. An extended perspective on crisis communication efficiently links to a more thorough understanding of risk perception with various stakeholders and the public, which also will be helpful for situational awareness. Furthermore, the grounded baseline for the dialogue type of crisis communication suitable in modern society and to modern social media is achieved by linking to those risk communication efforts that are made. The link between risk and crisis should be afforded more attention since, especially in biosecurity, there would be no crisis without risk negligence and poor or malfunctioning preventive efforts. PMID:23971816

Johansson, Anders; Härenstam, Malin

2013-09-01

84

Energy crisis may lead to drug crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pharmaceutical industry, which depends on petrochemicals and their derivatives, is feeling the impact of the energy crisis. Petroleum and petrochemicals are used as raw materials for drugs, as fuels in the manufacturing process, and are essential in the manufacture of safety prescription containers. Hospitals can offset some of the shortages as prices rise by streamlining their inventory procedures to

G. C. Jr

1974-01-01

85

Dark energy crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In cosmology we are facing the dark energy crisis: How can we survive huge vacuum energy, meanwhile living with tiny dark energy? For the solution to this crisis, we raise several clues and hints, in particular, supersymmetry and the double hierarchy, Mp-MSM-MDE (Planck-Standard Model-dark energy scales). These two clues naturally lead to a solution with a supersymmetry-breaking brane-world. The train of thought from the clues to the solution is elucidated.

Gu, Je-An

2010-11-01

86

In vivo comparison of kinetics of saline and ICG for the detection of normal and tumor tissue using NIR diffuse optical technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigated the kinetics of a bolus intravenous administrated normal saline by using near-infrared diffuse optical technique, and compared it with the kinetics of a non-targeted contrast agent indocyanine green (ICG) on small animal tumor model. Two-compartment model was used to fit the dynamic curves at early stage, which considered saline and ICG as either a negative or positive contrast agent. The purposes of the designed experiment reported here are to (1) study the effect of saline administration on optical pharmacokinetics; (2) investigate the possibility of using normal saline as contrast agent for the study of tumor pathophysiology. The study indicates that saline has different contrast mechanism as ICG, and saline can provide enough optical contrast for the tumor kinetic study.

Liu, Ning; Nalcioglu, Orhan; Gulsen, Gultekin

2011-02-01

87

Time-resolved detection of fluorescent light during inflow of ICG to the brain—a methodological study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It was reported that time-resolved reflectance measurements carried out during inflow and washout of an optical contrast agent may provide information on the blood supply to the brain cortex of human adults. It was also shown that a measurement of fluorescence excited in the dye circulating in the brain is feasible. Unfortunately, patterns of time-resolved fluorescence signals observed during in vivo measurements are difficult to interpret. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of several factors on the fluorescence signals measured during in vivo experiments. A laboratory instrument for recording the distributions of arrival of fluorescence photons was constructed and optimized for measurements on humans. Monte Carlo simulations and laboratory measurements on liquid phantoms as well as in vivo measurements on healthy volunteers were carried out. An influence of source-detector separation, position of the source-detector pair on the head, as well as a dose of the injected indocyanine green (ICG) on the fluorescence signals were studied in detail. It was shown that even for a small dose of ICG (0.025 mg kg-1) the time-resolved signals can be successfully detected on the surface of the head. Strong influence of the studied factors on the fluorescence signals was observed. It was also noted that the changes in moments of distributions of arrival times of fluorescence photons depend on the anatomical structure of the tissues located between the source and the detector.

Milej, Daniel; Gerega, Anna; ?o?ek, Norbert; Weigl, Wojciech; Kacprzak, Micha?; Sawosz, Piotr; M?czewska, Joanna; Fronczewska, Katarzyna; Mayzner-Zawadzka, Ewa; Królicki, Leszek; Maniewski, Roman; Liebert, Adam

2012-10-01

88

Family Crisis: A Broad Spectrum Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography of research on family crises includes theoretical and clinical material as well as research devoted to substantive crisis areas. Over 400 entries are grouped under 15 separate categories: theoretical and clinical, alcoholism, death and dying, divorce, exceptional children, illness, mental illness, widowhood, other situational…

Bodine, George E.

89

Tunnel crisis and the crisis-induced intermittency  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a different type of crisis in random map is studied. The trigger of this crisis is the tunnel effect induced by a backward tangent bifurcation, while the previously reported crises are all caused by the collision of the chaotic attractor with an unstable orbit. In studying the intermittency behaviors induced by the crisis, two different characteristic times

H. L. Yang; Z. Q. Huang; E. J. Ding

1997-01-01

90

West Pharmaceutical's explosion: structuring crisis discourse knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

A crisis can place an organization and its stakeholders at risk for significant losses. Crisis management has emerged as a means to reduce those losses. Crisis response strategies, what the organization says and does after a crisis, are critical resources in crisis management. It is not surprising that crisis response has emerged as a vibrant research area. The focus of

W. Timothy Coombs

2004-01-01

91

Surgical Crisis Management Skills Training and Assessment  

PubMed Central

Background: Intraoperative surgical crisis management is learned in an unstructured manner. In aviation, simulation training allows aircrews to coordinate and standardize recovery strategies. Our aim was to develop a surgical crisis simulation and evaluate its feasibility, realism, and validity of the measures used to assess performance. Methods: Surgical trainees were exposed to a bleeding crisis in a simulated operating theater. Assessment of performance consisted of a trainee’s technical ability to control the bleeding and of their team/human factors skills. This assessment was performed in a blinded manner by 2 surgeons and one human factors expert. Other measures consisted of time measures such as time to diagnose the bleeding (TD), inform team members (TT), achieve control (TC), and close the laceration (TL). Blood loss was used as a surrogate outcome measures. Results: There were considerable variations within both senior (n = 10) and junior (n = 10) trainees for technical and team skills. However, while the senior trainees scored higher than the juniors for technical skills (P = 0.001), there were no differences in human factors skills. There were also significant differences between the 2 groups for TD (P = 0.01), TC (P = 0.001), and TL (0.001). The blood loss was higher in the junior group. Conclusions: We have described the development of a novel simulated setting for the training of crisis management skills and the variability in performance both in between and within the 2 groups.

Moorthy, Krishna; Munz, Yaron; Forrest, Damien; Pandey, Vikas; Undre, Shabnam; Vincent, Charles; Darzi, Ara

2006-01-01

92

Diffusion of new technology, health services and information after a crisis: a focus group study of the Sichuan "5.12" Earthquake.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION: The Sichuan "5.12" Earthquake in 2008 occurred in a relatively underdeveloped area in China. The rainy weather, the mountainous environment and the local languages all posed major challenges to the dissemination of information and services after the disaster. By adopting a communication perspective, this study applies the diffusion of innovations theory to investigate how healthcare professionals diffused health technologies, health information and services during the rescue and relief operation. METHOD: The authors conducted three focus group sessions with the health professionals who had attended to the rescue and relief work of the Sichuan "5.12" Earthquake in 2008. A range of questions regarding the diffusion of innovations were asked during these sessions. RESULTS: The health professionals used their cell phones to communicate with other healthcare providers, disseminated knowledge of health risks and injuries to affected residents with pamphlets and posters and attended daily meetings at the local government offices. They reported on the shortage of maritime satellite cell phones and large-size tents for medical use, and the absence of fully equipped ambulances. Volunteers, local health professionals and local officials provided health information and services in different ways. However, the diffusion of health information and services was less likely to reach those living next to transportation centers, in remote areas and in disaster areas neglected by the media. DISCUSSION: New communication devices such as cell phones and the mobile Internet enabled medical professionals to coordinate the rescue and relief work after this major natural disaster, at a time when the country's emergency response system still had plenty of room for improvement. In future, the mobile Internet should be used as a means of collecting bottom-up disaster reports so that the media will not neglect any disaster areas as they did during the Sichuan Earthquake. Rescue relief work would have been substantially easier if medical teams had been equipped with advanced appliances such as maritime satellite cell phones. "Disaster medicine" should be treated as a separate discipline in medical schools and receive more investment. Moreover, a stronger public health emergency response system is needed for more efficient dispatch and coordination. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:22865745

Zhou, Hong; Shi, Lu; Mao, Yuping; Tang, Juan; Zeng, Yu

2012-08-01

93

The superpowers in crisis  

SciTech Connect

The author discusses how the domestic political, economic, and socio-cultural problems afflicting the US and the USSR may threaten the security of each country and jeopardize world peace. Contents (partial): The Soviet Union in Crisis: An economy in crisis; A minority in their ''own country;'' Eastern Europe: An asset or liability; What is to be done.; The American Predicament: American liberalism; Ronald Reagan and the conservative counter-reformation; Taking stock; International Implications; Domestic strife; implications for the superpower rivalry; Global economic disorder and the American predicament; Conclusions.

Krickus, R.J.

1987-01-01

94

Tigers in Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This artful Tigers in Crisis website was produced by long-time journalist and conservationist Craig Kasnoff to educate people about tigers and the global factors threatening their survival as a species. The site provides information about the tiger crisis, their status in the wild, solutions, and more. Site visitors can also learn about three endangered tiger subspecies -- Bengal, Siberian, and Sumatran -- through information, photos, and videos. Additionally, this site provides visitors access to free endangered tiger photos and images for educational, non-profit, and personal use.

Kasnoff, Craig

95

Taxonomy of mediated crisis responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how organizations integrate the Internet into crisis communication. The findings of a 7-year longitudinal study provide a taxonomy explaining how mediated communication creates new possibilities for crisis response. We translate the study findings into suggestions for how public relations managers can integrate new communication media into their mix of communication tactics in crisis and risk management.

Maureen Taylor; Michael L. Kent

2007-01-01

96

Grouping  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive Flash applet models the measurement interpretation of division. A child or teacher chooses a total number of objects and a divisor representing the size of equal groups. The applet allows the user to move the objects into equal groups and links the process to jumps on a number line. The applet can be used to introduce children to remainders and to reinforce the language and notation of division. It works well on an interactive white board or projector. A teacher's guide to this collection of applets is cataloged separately.

2006-01-01

97

Simulation of 'pathologic' changes in ICG waveforms resulting from superposition of the 'preejection' and ejection waves induced by left ventricular contraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The impedance cardiography (ICG) is widely used for beat-to-beat noninvasive evaluation of the left ventricular stroke volume and contractility. It implies the correct determination of the ejection start and end points and the amplitudes of certain peaks in the differentiated impedance cardiogram. An accurate identification of ejection onset by ICG is often problematic, especially in the cardiologic patients, due to peculiar waveforms. Using a simple theoretical model, we tested the hypothesis that two major processes are responsible for the formation of impedance systolic wave: (1) the changes in the heart geometry and surrounding vessels produced by ventricular contraction, which occur during the isovolumic phase and precede ejection, and (2) expansion of aorta and adjacent arteries during the ejection phase. The former process initiates the preejection wave WpE and the latter triggers the ejection wave WEj. The model predicts a potential mechanism of generating the abnormal shapes of dZ/dt due to the presence of preejection waves and explains the related errors in ICG time and amplitude parameters. An appropriate decomposition method is a promising way to avoid the masking effects of these waves and a further step to correct determination of the onset of ejection and the corresponding peak amplitudes from 'pathologically shaped' ICG signals.

Ermishkin, V. V.; Kolesnikov, V. A.; Lukoshkova, E. V.; Sonina, R. S.

2013-04-01

98

Midlife Crisis: A Debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Without doubt, the midlife crisis is the most popular concept describing middle adulthood. Facing the limitation of the time until death, men in particular are believed to pause from actively pursuing their goals and review their achievements, take stock of what they have and have not yet accomplished, at times taking drastic measures to fulfill their dreams. This paper critically

Alexandra M. Freund; Johannes O. Ritter

2009-01-01

99

Wanted: Crisis President  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the events of Virginia Tech tragedy recede in time, leaders of other colleges and universities are sure to look at Virginia Tech president Charles W. Steger's performance and question the readiness of presidents to act like corporate executives, take visible control of a campus in crisis, manage the onslaught of cameras and microphones, and…

Fain, Paul

2007-01-01

100

Crisis Management Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a summary of recent crisis management publications. The first research report summarized, "Predictors of PTSD," was a study of predictor variables for responses to the World Trade Center attack. The second paper, "Effective Mental Health Response to Catastrophic Events," looked at effective responses following Hurricane…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Zhe, Elizabeth; Torem, Chris; Comeaux, Natashia; Dempsey, Allison

2010-01-01

101

Nursing in Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the nation's health-care and nursing education systems are in crisis. While the care provided by registered nurses (RNs) is essential to patients' recovery from acute illness and to the effective management of their chronic conditions, the United States is experiencing a nursing shortage that is anticipated to increase as baby boomers age and…

Fulcher, Roxanne

2007-01-01

102

Crisis Counseling: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychologists working in schools are often the first contacts for children experiencing a potentially traumatizing event or change in status. This article reviews basic concepts in crisis counseling and describes the components of psychological first aid. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as…

Sandoval, Jonathan; Scott, Amy Nicole; Padilla, Irene

2009-01-01

103

Economic Crisis in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sub-Saharan Africa is facing deep economic crisis. A situation has reached where there is total stagnation with zero per cent growth rate and no hope of recovery. Hunger is hovering over vast areas of Africa threatening the lives of 150 million people and every day people are dying of starvation. It is said, that nature and international economic relations are

Vijay Gupta

1985-01-01

104

Crisis, Meaning and Consciousness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests that all life is polar because polarity is the underlying context of life. The idea of polarity is based on two halves that originally belonged together to form a whole. These two halves are constantly trying to come together to regain their wholeness. The philosophical view of crisis presented in this paper is that the…

Amini, Bijan

105

Crisis Communications. Seminar Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicating effectively is seldom easy; it requires planning, effort, understanding, and follow-through. Communicating effectively in the tense atmosphere which often surrounds a crisis requires redoubled effort, greater understanding, and increased attention to proper planning. The presentations in this booklet deal with the needs of the media…

New York State School Boards Association, Albany.

106

Crisis in the Cafeteria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because schools are entrusted with children's safety, any crisis (particularly food poisoning) affecting that inviolable trust is fodder for a ravenous media. Proactive school business officials and food-service personnel work together to publicize the school nutrition department's good work. Communicating clearly and assigning a food-service…

White, Patrick

1998-01-01

107

Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The volume includes many of the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA's) most important documents on the Cuban missile crisis. It contains the 'honeymoon cables' that Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) John A. McCone sent to Headquarters from France a mo...

M. S. McAuliffe

1992-01-01

108

Implementing a Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Police Presence in a Large International Airport Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents findings from two focus groups involving nine Crisis Intervention Team (CIT)-trained officers stationed at a large, international airport. The objective was to uncover themes that could inform crisis intervention approaches in special settings. The focus groups described officers’ motivations for participating in CIT and perceived benefits of CIT training. Additionally, the groups discussed special issues pertaining to

Joanne A. McGriff; Beth Broussard; Berivan N. Demir Neubert; Nancy J. Thompson; Michael T. Compton

2010-01-01

109

Establishing Media Partnerships in Crisis Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prominent crisis communication researchers have suggested that practitioners should work with the media as partners when managing a crisis (Ulmer, Sellnow, & Seeger, 2007). This study provides an example of a crisis case in which the media was embraced as a partner in the crisis response. Specifically, the partnership established with the media as part of the crisis response following

Shari R. Veil; Francisco Ojeda

2010-01-01

110

Metamorphosis as Midlife Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The midlife crisis occurs in virtually all males, including members of the animal kingdom. A good example is the caterpillar.\\u000a He will spend a large part of his life on a predictable career path, engaging in traditional caterpillar activities such as\\u000a crawling around and munching on leaves of expensive ornamental shrubbery, and then one day, out of the blue, he’ll

111

Map-Mediated GeoCollaborative Crisis Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing crises requires collecting geographical intelligence and making spatial decisions through collaborative efforts among multiple, distributed agencies and task groups. Crisis management also requires close coordination among individuals and groups of individuals who need to collaboratively derive information from geospatial data and use that information in coordinated ways. However, geospatial information systems do not currently support group work and can

Guoray Cai; Alan M. Maceachren; Isaac Brewer; Michael D. Mcneese; Rajeev Sharma; Sven Fuhrmann

2005-01-01

112

Stakeholder involvement in nuclear crisis management in Greece  

Microsoft Academic Search

The setting up of the Greek Stakeholders Group in the framework of the EC Food and Agriculture Restoration Management Involving Networked Groups (FARMING) project is described. The Group included members from more than 20 governmental and non-governmental organisations, having interest and\\/or responsibilities in the management of a crisis following a nuclear accident. The stakeholders, during their meetings in 2002, discussed

K. G. Ioannides; C. E. Tzialla; C. A. Papachristodoulou; C. Papanikolaou; C. Apostolopoulos

2005-01-01

113

Before Crisis Hits: Building a Strategic Crisis Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers suggestions to college administrators for dealing with a variety of emergency or crisis situations that could affect a community college's effectiveness. The authors used the Institute for Crisis Management's (ICM) four types of crises in higher education as the framework for the guide. The four types of crises are: (1) sudden;…

Smith, Larry L.; Millar, Dan P.

114

Crisis Communication Plans: Poor Predictors of Excellent Crisis Public Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that newly developed theory in crisis public relations suggests a shift is necessary in the way practitioners view crises. Notes that the new paradigm defines excellent crisis public relations very differently from the literature of the past 20 years. (RS)

Marra, Francis J.

1998-01-01

115

The Usefulness of Information and Communication Technologies in Crisis Response  

PubMed Central

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a vital role in coordinating crisis response between pre-hospital services and emergency departments of hospitals. In spite of the advances in these technologies, there remain a variety of challenges to their usage during a crisis. To identify these challenges, we conducted focus group interviews with emergency department (ED) and emergency medical services (EMS) personnel. We found that ED and EMS personnel have widely varying perceptions about the usefulness and ease-of-use of information tools and communication tools used in crisis management. We discuss the importance of bringing together communication and information tools into integrated networks of ICTs for effective crisis response. We also highlight design features of ICTs which can support seamless and effective communication and coordination between ED and EMS teams.

Paul, Sharoda A.; Reddy, Madhu; Abraham, Joanna; DeFlitch, Christopher

2008-01-01

116

Lack of efficacy of two consecutive treatments of radioimmunotherapy with 131IcG250 in patients with metastasized clear cell renal cell carcinoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: A previous activity dose-escalation study using 131I-labeled chimeric monoclonal antibody cG250 in patients with progressive metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) resulted in occasional therapeutic responses. The present study was designed to determine the safety and therapeutic efficacy of two sequential high-dose treatments with 131I-cG250. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients (n = 29) with progressive metastatic RCC received a low dose

A. H. Brouwers; P. F. A. Mulders; P. H. M. de Mulder; W. J. M. van den Broek; W. C. A. M. Buijs; C. Mala; F. B. M. Joosten; E. Oosterwijk; O. C. Boerman; F. H. M. Corstens; W. J. G. Oyen

2005-01-01

117

Improving drug accumulation and photothermal efficacy in tumor depending on size of ICG loaded lipid-polymer nanoparticles.  

PubMed

A key challenge to strengthen anti-tumor efficacy is to improve drug accumulation in tumors through size control. To explore the biodistribution and tumor accumulation of nanoparticles, we developed indocyanine green (ICG) loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) -lecithin-polyethylene glycol (PEG) core-shell nanoparticles (INPs) with 39 nm, 68 nm and 116 nm via single-step nanoprecipitation. These INPs exhibited good monodispersity, excellent fluorescence and size stability, and enhanced temperature response after laser irradiation. Through cell uptake and photothermal efficiency in vitro, we demonstrated that 39 nm INPs were more easily be absorbed by pancreatic carcinoma tumor cells (BxPC-3) and showed better photothermal damage than that of 68 nm and 116 nm size of INPs. Simultaneously, the fluorescence of INPs offered a real-time imaging monitor for subcellular locating and in vivo metabolic distribution. Near-infrared imaging in vivo and photothermal therapy illustrated that 68 nm INPs showed the strongest efficiency to suppress tumor growth due to abundant accumulation in BxPC-3 xenograft tumor model. The findings revealed that a nontoxic, size-dependent, theranostic INPs model was built for in vivo cancer imaging and photothermal therapy without adverse effect. PMID:24776486

Zhao, Pengfei; Zheng, Mingbin; Yue, Caixia; Luo, Zhenyu; Gong, Ping; Gao, Guanhui; Sheng, Zonghai; Zheng, Cuifang; Cai, Lintao

2014-07-01

118

Crisis management and services marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Proposes exploring the opportunities for reciprocal learning between the fields of crisis management and services marketing, and stimulating research on crises experienced by service organisations through the adoption of an interdisciplinary approach. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Initially, an overview and summary are given of a crisis management approach by organisations, in order to demonstrate the contrast between the research perspectives

Dominic Elliott; Kim Harris; Steve Baron

2005-01-01

119

The Little-Known Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For one-third of the world's people, the energy crisis means the daily scramble to find the wood they need to cook. The accelerating destruction of forests throughout Africa, Asia and Latin America and the utilization of manure as a firewood substitute may produce the most profound ecological crisis of this century. (BT)

Eckholm, Erik P.

1975-01-01

120

A Crisis of Legendary Proportions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the activities of Indiana University's crisis communications team during the Bob Knight controversy. Discusses how the school's response was based on four crisis communications principles: create a plan, appoint a single spokesperson, respond with open and continuous communications, and expect the unexpected. (EV)

Simpson, Christopher

2001-01-01

121

Education and the Urban Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book consists of papers presented and discussions held at two Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation conferences on education and the urban crisis in Britain. Fundamental changes taking place in British cities are examined and are compared to urban problems in the United States. It is stated that the "urban crisis" is simply another way of referring…

Field, Frank, Ed.

122

The Mediterranean salinity crisis  

SciTech Connect

That the Mediterranean Sea underwent a salinity crisis during the Miocene (Messinian) is proven by the 1970 JOIDES deep sea drilling expedition. Subsequent work by ocean drilling and by studies on land have recorded the history of this crisis. Based upon the deep desiccated-basin model, the use of event-stratigraphy, calibrated by strontium-isotope dating and magnetostratigraphy, has enabled them to decipher the following events between 6.0 and 5.1 Ma: (1) deposition of marine diatom-rich sediments in a partially restricted basin, (2) first desiccation of the Mediterranean when Calcare di base was deposited at a time of isolation from the Atlantic because of a glacial eustatic drop of sea level, (3) influx of marine waters through southern Spanish basins to furnish brines for the deposition of the main salt, (4) Intra-Messinian desiccation, as evidenced by the erosional unconformity above the lower evaporite, (5) Intra-Messinian denudation, when reefs grew on Cyprus and marine sediments were deposited in basins, (6) frequency isolations due to oscillating sea level, when the upper evaporite was deposited, (7) Lago mare, formation of freshwater and brackish lakes due to influx of Paratethys water, (8) opening of the Gibraltar and Pliocene inundation of the Mediterranean.

Hsue, K.J.

1988-08-01

123

Balkans Program: Publications Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These reports from the International Crisis Group (ICG) provide information about the volatile socio-political situation in the South Balkans, specifically in the nations of Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia.

1999-01-01

124

[Cases discussed of crisis management].  

PubMed

Everything undergoes structural shifts from day to day. Any kind of change can become not only a distinguishing feature, but also a source of crisis. The only way to respond to this is to maintain crisis awareness, since crises can develop faster than we imagine. Sound preparation for any manager should therefore involve planning to deal with a crisis that might arise at any time. A crisis could be a turning point for a positive form of change; this will depend on maturity of attitude and sound familiarity with the four stages of crisis management. In each stage, we should consider whether urgent and rapid action might truly create a positive opportunity, or actually make the situation worse. This article discusses the cost of errors in crisis management and the benefits of prompt, positive action in relation to the different examples established by four well-known cases. It is hoped that these will benefit nursing managers by improving crisis management skills in clinical practice. PMID:16475070

Hsieh, Yeu-Shan; Lin, Chun-Mei; Liao, Shu-Chen; Tsai, Chia-Lan

2006-02-01

125

The Crisis "Hotline" as Mediated Therapeutic Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hotlines, or telephone crisis-lines, begun in the 1960s and currently numbering in the hundreds provide assistance to callers in crisis, frequently around the clock. Crisis-line communication can be seen as a form of mediated therapeutic communication premised on the existence of a crisis and the medium of the telephone which shapes the…

Fish, Sandra L.

126

Unresolved Crisis in Medical Education  

PubMed Central

A crisis exists in medical education. Changes in methodology have diverted attention from synthesis to mass accumulation of factual data. The response to this crisis has been largely focused on a shell game involving new pathways and curriculum changes without addressing the critical issue of what constitutes education. The ultimate problem in medical education is a crisis of leadership. Until education is given a priority status and the obligations to teach on the part of medical educators and to learn on the part of students are translated into a creative policy by those who can lead, the wheels of learning will continue to spin without significant progress.

Severin, Matthew J.

1994-01-01

127

A set of limited Asian pacific corporate governance standards after financial crisis, corporate scandals and manipulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to now there are some researches done in the field of giving a framework of implementation of corporate governance standards after corporate scandals, negative market manipulation during the post-crisis periods. This paper mainly concentrates on empirical research for findings in this field. First, it comes up with four (4) groups of findings on corporate governance subjects in the post-crisis

Tran Ngoc Huy Dinh

2010-01-01

128

Nannofossils and superplumes: The early Aptian ``nannoconid crisis''  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A group of calcareous nannoplankton named nannoconids experienced a crisis in the early Aptian and recovered only later in the late Aptian after a period of virtual absence. Although no extinctions occurred, the widespread nature of the "nannoconid crisis" suggests a global causal factor. This crisis is recorded within the Chiastozygus litterarius nannofossil and Globigerinelloides blowi planktonic foraminiferal zones, postdates magnetic chronozone M0 by approximately 300 kyr, and precedes the oceanic anoxic subevent 1a and associated ?13C anomaly by some 40-100 kyr. Selective dissolution and anoxia cannot explain the crisis, because nannoconids are dissolution-resistant forms and their crisis clearly precedes the deposition of anoxic sediments. At least 1 m.y. prior to the "nannoconid crisis," the onset of a nannoplankton speciation event may be the response of nannofloras to a major rise in relative sea level. The "nannoconid crisis" seems to be synchronous with the early Aptian volcanic eruptions in the Pacific Ocean. Hence calcareous nannoplankton were severely affected by the "superplume" volcanic episode. The coccolithophorid bloom/nannoconid crisis was possibly induced by the excessive CO2 levels in the atmosphere and/or caused by changes in nutrient content of oceanic surface waters. Fertility was enhanced by rapid turnover of nutrients due to the abnormal volcanic activity and accelerated transfer of nutrients from the continents into the oceans under warm and humid conditions of the mid-Cretaceous greenhouse climate. The "nannoconid crisis" may represent a competition between phytoplankton groups for nutrients or, more likely, competition between different calcareous nannoplankton. The biologic affinity and mode of life of Nannoconus are unknown, because there is no modern analog of this genus. However, comparison of Lower Cretaceous nannofossil assemblages with modern nannoplankton cummunities suggests that nannoconids, like extant Florisphaera profunda, possibly inhabited the lower photic zone. Concentrations of nutrients in the upper euphotic zone may have triggered blooms of coccolithophorids and nannoconid depletion. This model implies that the "nannoconid crisis" is the result of an abrupt, major change in the structure of surface waters caused directly or indirectly by the "superplume." The adjustments of the biosphere to the new paleoceanographic and climatic conditions required some 40-100 kyr before changing into abnormally high primary productivity and deposition of organic carbon-rich sediments with dinoflagellates outcompeting nannoplankton.

Erba, Elisabetta

1994-06-01

129

Dissent During Crisis in America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dissent during periods of crisis can be a difficult subject to discuss, even among reasonable people, and this thoughtful digital exhibit from the University of California at Irvine illuminates this subject quite nicely. The items in the exhibit are from their Department of Special Collections and Archives, and the focus of this particular collection is to examine "issues of war, peace, dissent and dialogue during critical periods in the 20th century." There are six sections of the exhibit which include "Protest during the Vietnam War", "The Internment of Japanese Americans during WWII", and "McCarthyism during the Cold War". Visitors can click on each of these sections to view digitized images of ephemera (such as artworks, pamphlets, and posters) that are representative of these times of dissent and debate. Visitors should not miss the "Conscientious Objectors in World War II" area, as it contains images from a pacifist handbook published in 1939 and items published by groups like the Quakers and the Mennonites.

Macleod, Stephen

2008-01-01

130

Mobile crisis management teams as part of an effective crisis management system for rural communities.  

PubMed

Mobile crisis management teams provide crisis prevention and intervention services in community settings. The Appalachian Community Services crisis management program shows how such teams can be used to effectively serve rural communities. PMID:22779153

Trantham, Doug; Sherry, Anne

2012-01-01

131

Executive Aid for Crisis Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the development and structure of CACI's crisis management executive aid developed for the Cybernetics Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; presents the structure of the executive aid and reviews the cha...

L. Hazlewood R. Mahoney F. Abolfathi J. Fain J. Hayes

1978-01-01

132

Pulmonary Edema in Myasthenic Crisis  

PubMed Central

We report a previously asymptomatic 50-year-old lady who came with myasthenic crisis as initial presentation of myasthenia gravis. She developed pulmonary edema following intravenous immunoglobulin administration and had ischemic changes in ECG and left ventricular dysfunction on echocardiography. She improved with diuretics, dobutamine, and fluid restriction alone. This is the first report in English-language medical literature describing the association between myasthenic crisis and likely takotsubo cardiomyopathy-related pulmonary edema following intravenous immunoglobulin administration.

Anand, Uttara Swati; Arulneyam, Jayanthi

2013-01-01

133

ICG-liver test versus new biomarkers as prognostic markers for prolonged length of stay in critically ill patients - a prospective study of accuracy for prediction of length of stay in the ICU  

PubMed Central

Background Prognostic abilities of medical parameters, which are scoring systems, measurements and biomarkers, are important for stratifying critically ill patients. Indocyanine green plasma disappearance (ICG-PDR) is an established clinical tool for the assessment of liver perfusion and function. Copeptin, MR-proANP and pro-ADM are biomarkers whose prognostic value is still unclear. The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate ICG-PDR, copeptin, MR-proANP and pro-ADM to predict prolonged length of stay (pLOS) in the ICU. Methods This study was conducted as a prospective single center study including 110 consecutively admitted ICU patients. Primary endpoint was prolonged length of stay (pLOS) in the ICU, defined as more than three days of stay there. Results ROC analysis showed an AUC of 0.73 for ICG-PDR, 0.70 for SAPS II, 0.65 for MR-proANP, 0.64 for pro-ADM and 0.54 for copeptin for pLOS in the ICU. Conclusions The prediction of pLOS in the ICU might be better by means of ICG-PDR than with the new biomarkers copeptin, MR-proANP or pro-ADM. Nevertheless, there is more need for research to evaluate whether ICG-PDR is an overall prognostic marker for pLOS. Trial registration (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01126554).

2014-01-01

134

Scleroderma renal crisis.  

PubMed

Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is characterized by malignant hypertension and oligo-anuric acute renal failure. It occurs in 5% of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), particularly in patients with diffuse disease during the first years. SRC is more common in patients receiving corticosteroids, the risk increasing with increasing dose. The disease is sometimes triggered by use of nephrotoxic drugs and/or intravascular volume depletion. Left ventricular insufficiency and hypertensive encephalopathy are typical clinical features. Thrombotic microangiopathy is detected in 43% of cases, and anti-RNA-polymerase III antibodies are present in one-third of patients. Renal biopsy is not necessary if SRC presents classical features. However, biopsy may help to define the prognosis and guide treatment in atypical forms. The prognosis of SRC has greatly improved with the introduction of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. However, the 5-year survival for SSc patients with full SRC remains low (65%). The treatment of SRC relies on aggressive blood pressure control with an ACE inhibitor, combined with other antihypertensive drugs if needed. Dialysis is frequently indicated but can be stopped in about half of patients, mainly those with good blood pressure control. Patients who need dialysis for more than 2 years qualify for renal transplantation. PMID:24833760

Mouthon, Luc; Bussone, Guillaume; Berezné, Alice; Noël, Laure-Hélène; Guillevin, Loïc

2014-06-01

135

Coasts in Crisis  

SciTech Connect

Coastal areas are staggering under an onslaught of human activity. We are presently in the process of destroying 70 percent of the world`s 600,000 square kilometers of coral reefs, an ecosystem containing some 200,000 different species and rivaling tropical rain forests in biodiversity. A combination of pollution, habitat destruction, and gross overfishing has led to the collapse of major fisheries and paved the way for malnutrition and disease in regions where people fish for subsistence. Globally, little is being done to manage the crisis of our coasts. Management strategies, if they exist at all, often deal with economic development along a wafer-thin strip of coastal land. Resource degradation is ignored, and watershed management is mostly rhetoric. Although some 55 countries have drawn up coastal management plans, only a handful have been properly implemented. Coasts must be managed in an integrated manner that takes into account the full range of human activities. Initiating this process is costly, time-consuming, and difficult. Yet we have more than three decades of accumulated experience to draw on.

Hinrichsen, D.

1996-11-01

136

The CIA and the Polish Crisis of 19801981  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crisis in Poland in 19801981 imposed great demands on the U.S. intelligence community. On the one hand, U.S. intelligence analysts sought to determine whether the Soviet Union might send troops into Poland to crush the Solidarity movement. On the other hand, a small group of senior intelligence and national security officials who were privy to reports from Colonel Ryszard

Richard T. Davies

2004-01-01

137

The crisis of divorce: An opportunity for constructive change  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article the authors seek a partial answer to the intriguing question of the nature of the factors which help some persons achieve healthy resolution of the divorce crisis with personal gains and successful post-divorce adjustment. A group of 24 divorced people (all members of different Israeli kibbutzim) who fulfilled the criteria used by the authors to identify good

Mordecai Kaffman; Moshe Talmon

1982-01-01

138

When the Worst Happens: A Crisis Plan for Your School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a crisis plan for schools to enact in emergencies, from the first 30 minutes after the incident to several weeks afterward. Includes: (1) recruiting the entire school staff in the plan's conception; (2) appointing a leader and a group of people responsible for carrying out specific tasks; (3) conducting a full-facility review to address…

Murphy, Nora

1999-01-01

139

Leaders Urge Colleges to Think Globally Despite Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The global economic crisis has accelerated the fear that the United States' international power is fading. It has also made clear the need for American higher education to engage more deeply with the rest of the world, not run from it. That was the consensus among a group of presidents and provosts who met in New York this month as part of "Higher…

McMurtrie, Beth; Wheeler, David

2008-01-01

140

[Economic crisis and communicable diseases. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

Past economic crises have increased the impact of communicable diseases especially on groups particularly vulnerable to the social and health consequences of the recession. However, it has been shown that the impact of these crises largely depends on the response of governments and the inhabitants of affected countries. We describe the consequences of the current crisis in the causal chain of infectious disease, including the response of the health system, and explore whether there is evidence of its impact in Spain. It is assumed that the possible effect of the crisis on living and working conditions is due to individual and social debt coupled with high unemployment as defining features of the crisis. We highlight the potential negative consequences of healthcare cuts on vulnerable populations, which have been partly excluded with the recent reform of health coverage. We compare mortality and morbidity data between two periods: before and after 2008, integrating, where possible, observed trends and institutional reports. Overall, no effect on infectious disease has been detected so far, although some signs of worsening, which could be compatible with the effects of the crisis, have been observed and need to be monitored and confirmed. We review the limitations of data sources that may not be sufficiently sensitive or up-to-date to detect changes that may require a latency period to become manifest. Instead of cutting resources, surveillance of these diseases should be improved, and an equitable social health response, which targets the population most affected by the crisis, should be guaranteed. PMID:24863999

Llácer, Alicia; Fernández-Cuenca, Rafael; Martínez-Navarro, Ferrán

2014-06-01

141

Exchange simulation and crisis stability  

SciTech Connect

We have extended our studies of optimal strategies for nuclear exchanges to include the question of stability under crisis. Using a transparent, but effective algorithm we discuss ways in which a superpower exchange can be examined as strategic force postures change on the two sides. Results can be applied to determine how variations in force structures benefit or harm both sides, and this in turn allows a comparison of the degree of crisis stability descriptive of a given base scenario and variations to it. The simplicity of the model obviates the need for extensive computational support, allowing most researchers to make quantitative studies of stability. Application of this way of thinking to scenarios similar to that existing in the present US-USSR confrontation leads to a rather intuitive result: strategic strike forces which are vulnerable to prevenient (preemptive) attack by the opponent do not enhance crisis stability. What is rather less intuitive is the observation that crisis stability does not necessarily degrade when force deployments made by one side benefit that side at the expense of the opponent. This is particularly relevant in the case of improvements made by the weaker side. The examples used underline the difference between crisis stability and the commonly accepted meaning of deterrence. Most would agree that even though deterrence exists, a desirable degree of stability does not.

Reinhardt, G.C.

1984-10-15

142

Using Crisis Simulations in Public Relations Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Students will demonstrate research, decision making, team building, and public speaking skills, while applying issues management and crisis communication concepts in a realistic settingCourses: Introduction to Public Relations, Public Relations Cases, Crisis Communication

Shari R. Veil

2010-01-01

143

Using Crisis Simulations in Public Relations Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Students will demonstrate research, decision making, team building, and public speaking skills, while applying issues management and crisis communication concepts in a realistic setting. Courses: Introduction to Public Relations, Public Relations Cases, Crisis Communication.

Veil, Shari R.

2010-01-01

144

Crisis stability and nuclear war  

SciTech Connect

The authors summarize their viewpoint on and recommendations for strategic command and forces, and arms control and crisis stability. They pressent a study of the paths which might lead the superpowers from a crisis to nuclear war. This book examines the various arenas in which superpower crises may occur. The authors describe the strategies, command structures, and forces of NATO and the Warsaw Pact, paying particular attention to the ladder of alert postures and operations that their forces might mount as a crisis intensifies. They address the Middle East, with special emphasis on the confrontation between Syria and Israel, and the dangers posed by locally-owned chemical and nuclear weapons. The authors also consider the oceans and space.

Not Available

1987-01-01

145

Scientific American Frontiers: Deep Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Deep Crisis," a new documentary from PBS's Scientific American Frontiers set to air January 28, 2003, explores the "past, present and uncertain future of the ocean's long-distance travelers - salmon and tuna." This companion Web site includes two lesson plans designed for grades 5-8 (see Teaching Guide), as well as a quiz based on program content. Homing Salmon focuses on the odor cues that researchers believe help salmon find their home streams for spawning. Salmon Counting introduces students to population sampling techniques. Both lesson plans include printable versions and answers to activity questions. Deep Crisis may be viewed online with RealPlayer or Windows Media.

1969-12-31

146

The Theoretical Debate on Recent Great Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses several key issues regarding the recent Great Crisis 2007- 2009. The main ones are: was the financial crisis predictable by standard economic models? If not, are these models lacking of forecasting capabilities, or it is not a task of economic models to predict external events such as a systemic financial crisis? On another note, were economists aware

Moro Beniamino

2012-01-01

147

Crisis and Employment: The Case of Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines Korea's employment dynamics and analyzes how adverse impacts could be mitigated during the recent economic crisis in comparison with the 1997 to 1998 Asian crisis. A clear lesson is that policies to mitigate adverse impacts of financial crisis on the macroeconomic level should be given priority for preserving employment. In…

Cho, Dongchul; Shin, Sukha

2012-01-01

148

Communicating in a crisis: flight SQ 006  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tourism industry is prone to crisis and disaster which must be planned for and managed. The paper analyses the early reactions of Singapore Airlines to the crisis caused by the first fatal crash in the history of the main company within the context of crisis management theory. The accident is explained and company responses are reviewed, with emphasis on

Joan C. Henderson

2003-01-01

149

Crisis Informatics: Studying Crisis in a Networked World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serious crises and disasters have micro and macro social arrangements that differ from routine situations, as the field of disaster studies has described over its 100-year history. With increasingly pervasive information and communications technology (ICT) and a changing political arena where terrorism is perceived as a major threat, the attention to crisis is high. Some of these new features of

Leysia Palen; Sarah Vieweg; Jeannette Sutton; Sophia B. Liu; Amanda Hughes

2007-01-01

150

The Latino Education Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latinos now constitute the largest minority group in the United States and the fastest growing segment of its school-age population. Yet they are the least educated of all major ethnic groups. Poverty, lack of access to high-quality preschool, low levels of parental education attainment, and hypersegregated schools all play a crucial role. The…

Gandara, Patricia

2010-01-01

151

Energy Crisis: The Leisurely Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of their automotive lifestyles, Americans account for the greatest portion of fossil fuel consumption in the world. The desirable leisure lifestyle traits of the past should be incorporated into contemporary American culture. Americans need to wean themselves away from the automobile if the energy crisis is to be solved. (JN)

Mobily, Ken

1980-01-01

152

Owl Pellets and Crisis Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a press conference that was used as a "teachable moment" when owl pellets being used for instructional purposes were found to be contaminated with Salmonella. The incident highlighted the need for safe handling of owl pellets, having a crisis management plan, and the importance of conveying accurate information to concerned parents.…

Anderson, Tom

2002-01-01

153

Technology Use in Campus Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author focuses on technology use related to campus crisis and shows the impact that newer technologies have on making the world seem much smaller and united. When crises occur, such as at Virginia Tech shootings or Hurricane Katrina, students across the United States and even the world reach out to one another through new…

Mastrodicasa, Jeanna

2008-01-01

154

Education for Today's Ecological Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the university's role in providing education for the ecological crisis, and divides environmental sciences into two major areas: basic and applied. Proposes a curriculum leading to a B.S. degree in physics consisting of a two-year honor physics program followed by specialization in environmental and planetary sciences (EPS). (PR)

Singer, S. Fred

1970-01-01

155

Energy Crisis vs. Extension Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses what steps were taken by the Cooperative Extension Service in Oklahoma, after the energy crisis began, to help landowners make better decisions regarding oil and gas leases. Oklahoma's Extension educational efforts in mineral rights management have been successful because they met the needs of the people. (EM)

Liles, Harold R.

1978-01-01

156

Welcome to the energy crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author provides an overview of several articles on the impact of the energy crisis which examine key ideas, emerging theories, findings, and methodologies that are guiding current social research. The articles deal with energy policy and how energy conservation fits into national policy, the social psychological context for energy conservation research on behavior and attitudes, and how to facilitate

Lawrence J. Becker; Clive Seligman

1981-01-01

157

Parathyroid crisis and necrotising pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  An association between hyperparathyroidism and acute pancreatitis has long been postulated and necrotising pancreatitis in\\u000a the presence of parathyroid crisis has been almost invariably fatal in the past. We report a second survivor with these diseases\\u000a and discuss the management of hypercalcaemia and the role of emergency parathyroidectomy.

M. K. O’Malley; S. Murphy; L. McMullen; H. F. Given

1988-01-01

158

Systematics and the biodiversity crisis  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the importance of systematics in evaluating the global biodiversity crisis. Topics covered include the following: what systematic biology is; the diversity of species and higher taxa; biodiversity undersiege; systematics and conservation; systematics and global climatic change. 28 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Savage, J.M. [Univ. of Miami, Coral Gables, FL (United States)

1995-11-01

159

Lessons from the Tequila Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws several important lessons from the Tequila Crisis of 1994 and 1995. The overriding lesson is that the dynamics of financial crises in emerging market countries differ from those in industrialized countries because institutional features of their debt markets differ. Several policy lessons for emerging market countries also emerge from the analysis: (1) pegged exchange-rate regimes are extremely

Frederic S. Mishkin

1999-01-01

160

Crisis Management and Media Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests guidelines for college administrators who deal with the media. Discusses social responsibility theory and presents suggestions for student affairs personnel in planning for crisis communication. Stresses the need for accurate, honest information which doesn't compromise the institution legally. (JAC)

Jones, James V., Jr.

1983-01-01

161

Crisis in Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the deep alienation between inner city black communities and whites and its relation to the present communication gap. Recommendations to improve and reestablish vital contacts between the two groups are outlined. (DM)

Williams, James D.

1970-01-01

162

Examining the Chinese Approach to Crisis Management: Cover-Ups, Saving Face, and Taking the “Upper Level Line”  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2008, the Sanlu Group, a former giant in the Chinese dairy industry and a quintessential Chinese organization, was confronted with the melamine-contaminated milk crisis. Its products were blamed for causing at least six babies' deaths and damaging the kidneys of about 294,000 babies. Sanlu was criticized for its crisis handling, which resulted in its collapse several months later. Using

Lan Ye; Augustine Pang

2011-01-01

163

Agency problems and performance of Korean companies during the Asian financial crisis: Chaebol vs. non-chaebol firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agency problems can become more serious during an economy-wide financial crisis and they can have different roles depending on the corporate governance structure of a company. This paper examines whether agency problems explain the performance of Korean companies during the Asian financial crisis and whether agency problems explain the performance differently for chaebol vs. non-chaebol firms. Korean business groups, chaebols,

Byungmo Kim; Inmoo Lee

2003-01-01

164

The Crisis in Scholarly Communication, Part II: Internal Impacts on the Library, with a Focus on Technical Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article, the second in a two-part series, focuses on the roles that various library departments can and should play in the development of a robust scholarly communication program. It discusses how the crisis in scholarly communication affects different work areas and groups of staff. A whole-library approach to addressing the crisis can reveal how each department's responsibilities require management

Hillary Corbett

2009-01-01

165

The Relationship Trauma Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the Commission on Children At Risk--a group of 33 children's doctors, research scientists, mental health and youth service professionals--presented to the Nation its report on the crises of deteriorating mental and behavioral health of children in the US, the 83-page report was entitled "Hardwired to Connect: The New Scientific Case for…

Larson, Scott

2008-01-01

166

America's Crisis: Asian Perspectives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

AsiaSource (originally reviewed in the September 3, 1999 Scout Report) provides an Asian perspective on the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC. The site contains information on the attacks and how they have and will affect Asia's peoples and governments. It also provides links on the suspected terrorists' groups, Pakistan, Afghanistan, the religion of Islam, reference maps of the area, and much more.

2001-01-01

167

Refugee Crisis in the Balkans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News returns to Kosovo, where humanitarian workers and government officials warn that the refugee crisis is rapidly spinning out of control. What appears to be an organized and systematic expulsion of the ethnic Albanian population from Kosovo has created the worst humanitarian disaster in Europe since World War II. According to UN refugee officials, over 220,000 persons have fled or been expelled from Kosovo over the last ten days, to Albania, Macedonia, or Montenegro. With entry into Macedonia ground to an almost complete halt, Albania swollen with over 120,000 refugees, and thousands still behind them, the Kosovo-Macedonia border in particular has become a humanitarian nightmare; little food, shelter, or sanitation is available for people who have been forced from their homes with almost nothing. The sites listed provide information about this refugee crisis.

De Nie, Michael W.

1999-01-01

168

Final Stage Development of the Integrated Crisis Mapping (ICM) Model in Crisis Communication: The Myth of Low Engagement in Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extending current theories in crisis communication, the authors have developed a more systemic approach to understanding the role of emotions. The Integrated Crisis Mapping (ICM) model is based on a public-based, emotion-driven perspective where different crises are mapped on two continua, the organization's engagement in the crisis and primary public's coping strategy. This final-stage testing, representing the sixth in the

Augustine Pang; Yan Jin; Glen T. Cameron

169

Developing a Crisis Management Index: Applications in South Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to develop a crisis management index that can gauge a corporation's integrated crisis management capabilities. Although most crisis management models have been devised in Western countries, no full-scale crisis management index has been developed outside the Western hemisphere. This study deploys multiple research stages that reflect the characteristics of crisis management. First, the study

Yungwook Kim; Heewon Cha; Jangyul Robert Kim

2008-01-01

170

[The mid-life crisis].  

PubMed

This paper is concerned about the need Man has to know himself as well as his destiny, the need he feels for determining standpoints or landmarks in his life. Turbulences come up which we call 'crisis'. One of them is the so called 'middle life crisis': both sexes undergo it between their thirties and their fourties--some people slightly before, some other people later on. Youth is passing by and Man feels sorry for that. The passing by of Time leaves tremendous scars, at first in the biological realm, in the psychologic one afterwards. This is how Man Knows he has reached the top of the mountain, hence that the descent is about to take place. Parents in the old age, parents who die--these factors do contribute to the sensation of one becoming old. Clearer and clearer each time, Man feels he will be the next one who is bound to get old and die. Middle life crisis has Man recognizing that some of his most praised dreams are never to come true. This means accepting that life will be over soon enough. In case Man didn't betray his own self too much, it is still time for him to start and capitalize his former experiences thus increasing both his creativity and insight. PMID:3591395

Komarovsky, S

1986-09-01

171

Trust and Relational Commitment in Corporate Crises: The Effects of Crisis Communicative Strategy and Form of Crisis Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which crisis communicative strategy and form of crisis response affect trust and relational commitment with respect to crisis contexts at the firm level, after controlling the effects of crisis type and organizational association. A survey of communication managers, crisis managers, and public relations and\\/or public affairs managers from Taiwan's

Yi-Hui Huang

2008-01-01

172

The aftermath of disaster: children in crisis.  

PubMed

This article uses examples from the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the hurricane disasters of Katrina and Rita to illustrate the impact of crisis in the lives of children and adolescents. The author reviews children's responses to loss and crisis. Therapeutic approaches that facilitate integration of crisis and loss are provided, including illustrations of self-care, comfort strategies, and developmental, traditional, and nontraditional methods. PMID:16700019

Gaffney, Donna A

2006-08-01

173

Banking crisis and financial structure: A survival-time analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper applies non-parametric and parametric methods of survival analysis to the international bank crisis data. The empirical results suggest that concentration in the banking sector increases the survival time. Additionally, the results associated with survival functions indicate that the G-10 and non-G10 countries constitute two distinct groups of countries, where the non-G10 countries have a higher incidence of failure

Ay?e Y. Evrensel

2008-01-01

174

Waiting for a Crisis: Case Studies of Crisis Leaders in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the system of crisis leadership in higher education. Using case study methods, five crisis leadership participants were interviewed to develop a deep understanding of how they perceive their university crisis leadership system. Two participants were from a private institution, and three were from a public institution. Higher…

Muffet-Willett, Stacy L.

2010-01-01

175

Interdependence in a Crisis SituationA Cognitive Approach to Modeling the Caribbean Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a multiplicatively enhanced version of cognitive mapping techniques, this study first analyzes two of President Kennedy's speeches during the Carribean Crisis (known in the United States as the Cuban Missile Crisis). Text analysis shows a sharp decline in the ratio of controlled to uncontrolled events, an increased role for environmental variables, and crisis tangles with multiple negative effects on

V. M. Sergeev; V. P. Akimov; V. B. Lukov; P. B. Parshin

1990-01-01

176

Comparing apology to equivalent crisis response strategies: Clarifying apology's role and value in crisis communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis communication has begun to systematically examine how people perceive the crisis response strategies using experimental designs. This is an important step in the evolution of crisis communication research. One problem with this research has been the over promotion of apology as “the” response. Too often the value of an apology is established by comparing how people react to an

W. Timothy Coombs; Sherry J. Holladay

2008-01-01

177

Progress Report on the Cross-National Crisis Indicators Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Cross-National Crisis Indicators (CNCI) Project focuses on the crisis warning aspect of the Crisis Management Program of the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency's Cybernetics Technology Office. The tasks of the CNCI Project include the developmen...

G. W. Hopple P. J. Rossa J. Wilkenfeld

1978-01-01

178

[Crisis management in clinical nursing practice: a case analysis].  

PubMed

The clinical medical environment is highly changeable. Hospital administrators must face and resolve various kinds of crisis. Effective crisis management can preempt or reduce negative impacts on an organization, as well as reduce unnecessary costs and bolster an organization's reputation. This article uses actual cases to describe crisis management with reference to four stages of crisis development and 6M models, providing instruction from experience, Educational growth, and enhanced crisis handling and crisis management skills. PMID:16475069

Kuo, Chun-Hua; Yen, Miaofen

2006-02-01

179

Restoring reputations in times of crisis: An experimental study of the Situational Crisis Communication Theory and the moderating effects of locus of control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempts to provide empirical evidence for Coombs’ (2007) Situational Crisis Communication Theory (SCCT), which provides guidelines for matching crisis response strategies to crisis types to best restore organizational reputations in times of crisis. The impact of crisis type and crisis response strategies on perceptions of corporate reputation is measured for 316 consumers participating in a 3 (crisis type:

An-Sofie Claeys; Verolien Cauberghe; Patrick Vyncke

2010-01-01

180

Do You Have a Crisis Management Plan?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although certain crises cannot be prevented, reactions to many can be planned. A crisis-management team should be organized for each building. Critical crisis-plan elements include telephone trees, forms, reference articles, sample letters, and processes for dealing with local media. Spokespersons should have facts straight before speaking. (MLH)

Pleviak, Walter; Milkevitch, Frank

2001-01-01

181

Creating Your School's Crisis Management Team.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools can reduce their vulnerability to violence and other hazards by analyzing foreseeable risks, assembling a broad-based crisis-management team (CMT), providing adequate staff training, and developing a crisis manual. Common response problems concerning decision-making authority, communication, and performance expectations for CMTs are…

Blythe, Bruce T.

2001-01-01

182

Ethical Considerations in Crisis and Humanitarian Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for professionals to volunteer their time in crisis situations and to reach across time and culture in the service of humanitarian interventions will likely not abate in the near future. This article provides readers with multiple venues for considering the ethical dimensions present in crisis and humanitarian interventions. Core ethical concerns common to helping situations are magnified in

Rita Sommers-Flanagan

2007-01-01

183

Evaluating Computational Assistance for Crisis Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the behavior of a human-computer system for crisis response. As one instance of crisis manage - ment, we describe the task of responding to spills and fires in - volving hazardous materials. We then describe I NCA, an intel- ligent assistant for planning and scheduling in this domain, and its relation to human users. We

Wayne Iba; Melinda Gervasio; Pat Langley; Stephanie Sage

1998-01-01

184

The Farm Crisis of the 1980s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Midwest, Plains, and Delta are among the regions hit hardest by the current farm crisis. The vulnerability of an area to the financial crisis in farming depends on the financial conditions of its farmers, its dependence on farming--especially on export-sensitive crops--and the strength of its nonfarm economy. (JHZ)

Hines, Fred K.; And Others

1986-01-01

185

Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and…

Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

2013-01-01

186

Content Knowledge--The Real Reading Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived crisis in reading achievement may be misplaced--the real crisis may be what is ignored in the curriculum. People are alarmed at the lack of emphasis being placed on teaching content knowledge in many of today's classrooms. They laugh when Jay Leno takes to the street, interviewing teenagers and young adults who do not have the…

Kato, Tsuguhiko; Manning, Maryann

2007-01-01

187

Resource Guide for Crisis Management in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A crisis can occur at any time, whether or not a school's staff plans for it. This resource guide is a compilation of user-friendly examples of policies, procedures, guidelines, checklists, and forms to help Virginia schools develop and implement a systematic crisis-management plan. Chapter 1 provides an introductory overview of the essential…

LaPointe, Richard T.; And Others

188

Crisis Preparedness and Meeting Planners’ Perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hospitality and tourism industry is like no other economic sector when it comes to being challenged by crisis events. Crises pose a serious threat to companies’ reputations and physical and financial health. This study explores meeting planners’ perceptions of the need for crisis planning. The data were collected from meeting planners utilizing a web survey. The results reveal little

Stacey L. Smith; Sheryl F. Kline

2010-01-01

189

Think crisis–think female: Further evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have demonstrated that interpersonally oriented leadership abilities such as being empathetic, supporting work relationships, or explicitly stating an interest in helping others are particularly relevant in crisis contexts. Since these leadership abilities coincide with stereotypically feminine roles and traits, it has been proposed that a “think crisis–think female” association may exist (Ryan, Haslam, Hersby, & Bongiorno, 2011). In

Leire Gartzia; Michelle K. Ryan; Nekane Balluerka; Aitor Aritzeta

2012-01-01

190

Think crisis–think female: Further evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have demonstrated that interpersonally oriented leadership abilities such as being empathetic, supporting work relationships, or explicitly stating an interest in helping others are particularly relevant in crisis contexts. Since these leadership abilities coincide with stereotypically feminine roles and traits, it has been proposed that a “think crisis–think female” association may exist (Ryan, Haslam, Hersby, & Bongiorno, 2011). In

Leire Gartzia; Michelle K. Ryan; Nekane Balluerka; Aitor Aritzeta

2011-01-01

191

Global financial crisis: dharmic transgressions and solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The 2008-2009 global crisis was not only a financial calamity, but also a major ethical disaster. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the dharmic transgressions that took place in connection with the crisis using the philosophy of Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba, a world spiritual leader and teacher. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper initially gives a brief

N. Sivakumar; Sundara R. Krishnaswami

2012-01-01

192

Crisis and Loss: Information for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis intervention is a vital component of any comprehensive approach to maintaining psychological well being. An active school-based crisis intervention team can make a powerful contribution to a school's sense of community and commitment to taking care of each other. This special edition presents promising practices that may be helpful to…

Canter, Andrea, Ed.

1999-01-01

193

The Midlife Crisis and Educational Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a brief summary of research relating to midlife crisis, a theory of the midlife crisis is presented that is based on the philosophical insights of Plato and Heidegger: The emotional pain at midlife is associated with a collapse of a person's ontic field (relationships with others, to things, and to institutions) or a stagnation of a…

McKenzie, Leon

194

Expecting Stress: Americans and the “Midlife Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite frequent debunking of the inevitability of the midlife crisis in the research literature (e.g., D. A. Chiriboga, 1997; R. McCrae & P. Costa, 1990), the term remains a media staple, implying that midlife is a time of stress and difficulties brought about by turning 40. A recent review of midlife crisis research (O. G. Brim, 1992) concluded that midlife

Elaine Wethington

2000-01-01

195

Juxtaposed Integration Matrix: A Crisis Communication Tool.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to field test the Juxtaposed Integration Matrix, a crisis communication tool, in real and simulated crisis scenarios by U.S. Air Force public affairs officers. Practitioners at three test locations found the matrix validated ...

J. H. Cunningham

2005-01-01

196

Partnerships: The Path to Improving Crisis Communication.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The global availability of 24-hour broadcast news establishes the media as a critical link to communicating with the public in times of crisis. As a result, the broadcast news media play a significant role in shaping how the public reacts in a crisis. Sin...

H. M. Fitzpatrick

2007-01-01

197

Eastern's Employee Communication Crisis: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores communication behaviors and reactions of employees during crisis periods, using a qualitative case study of Eastern Airlines pilots. Finds that useful theories for crisis communication can be developed only after sufficient inquiry into the communication needs and behaviors of message receivers. (MS)

Saunders, Martha

1988-01-01

198

Indonesia in Crisis: A Macroeconomic Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an illustrative analysis of the crisis from a macroeconomic perspective, by focusing on the various economic adjustments both in the real and monetary sectors. It argues that the complex nature of the political and economic reform process has resulted in sub - optimal growth rates. The paper discusses, first, the evolution of the crisis. Then it provides

Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan; Mari Pangestu

2004-01-01

199

Crisis and Loss: Information for Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a crisis, parents can do a great deal to help their child deal with grief and anxiety. This special issue provides information and promising practices that might be helpful in dealing with various crisis situations. Provides the following articles: (1) "Children Killing Children" (Kevin Dwyer); (2) "Disaster: Helping Children Cope" (Debbie…

Canter, Andrea, Ed.

1999-01-01

200

Asia's Economic Crisis: Strategic Implications and Consequences.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

East Asia in 1997 became the second recent victim of financial crisis following the collapse of Mexico's currency and stock market in 1994. This study examines the strategic implications of the ongoing economic and monetary crisis in Asia. It discusses po...

R. L. Wohlschlegel

1999-01-01

201

Australian baby boomers face retirement during the global financial crisis.  

PubMed

This paper examines the impact in Australia of the global financial crisis on the baby boom cohort approaching later life. Data from national focus groups of people aged 50 to 64 years (N = 73), conducted in late 2008, found widespread but variable concern and uncertainty concerning work and retirement plans and experiences. A national survey (N = 1,009) of those aged 50 to 64 years in mid-2009 reported lower levels of financial satisfaction compared with other life domains; many planned to postpone retirement. Findings are interpreted in the context of policies and markets that differed significantly from those in the United States, notwithstanding the global nature of the financial crisis. PMID:23837628

Kendig, Hal; Wells, Yvonne; O'Loughlin, Kate; Heese, Karla

2013-01-01

202

Crisis communications between superpowers. Individual study project  

SciTech Connect

Ever since the United States and the Soviet Union first possessed the ability to destroy each other with nuclear weapons, they have been looking at means to defuse crisis situations and avoid inadvertent nuclear warfare. One of the means that evolved was the Washington-Moscow Hotline, put into operation on August 31, 1963. This was the first crisis communications system, ever, between superpowers and the first bilateral arms control agreement. Over the past twenty-seven years, this and other crisis communications systems have evolved and others have been recommended. Information was gathered using a review of the literature and through analysis of the views of key military and civilian leaders. Although opponents have many reasons for opposing crisis communications systems, the evidence supports the position that these systems have been a deterrent to war and that further improved crisis communications systems between the superpowers would be advantageous as we move into the 1990's.

Thacher, S.L.

1990-02-12

203

The Midcareer Crisis: A Description of the Psychological Dynamics of Transition and Adaptation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared three groups of people (N=134) facing midcareer crisis using a structured interview. Suggested that Hopson and Adams' (1977) model can provide a framework for understanding emotional factors in voluntary career transitions. Janis and Mann's (1977) conflict model describes where in the decision-making process the groups chose alternative…

Perosa, Sandra L.; Perosa, Linda M.

1983-01-01

204

State Education Leaders View the Superintendent Applicant Crisis. ECS Issue Paper: Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reflects the view of three key state education groups concerning the perceived superintendent applicant crisis. One group consists of 37 elected and appointed chief state school officers, a second of 42 executive directors of the American Association of School Administrators' (AASA) state affiliates, and a third of 31 executive…

Glass, Thomas E.

205

Effect of Crisis Plans on Admissions and Emergency Visits: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To establish whether patients with a crisis plan had fewer voluntary or involuntary admissions, or fewer outpatient emergency visits, than patients without such a plan. Design Multicenter randomized controlled trial with two intervention conditions and one control condition. Participants Adult outpatients diagnosed with psychotic or bipolar disorder who had experienced at least one psychiatric crisis in the previous two years. Intervention Two types of advance statement were used: (1) a crisis plan formulated by the patient with the help of a patient advocate (Patient Advocate Crisis Plan: PACP); and (2) a crisis plan developed together with the clinician (Clinician-facilitated Crisis Plan: CCP). Outcome The percentages of patients admitted voluntarily or involuntarily (on an emergency basis or by court order), and the percentage who made outpatient emergency visits over an 18-month follow-up period. Results A total of 212 patients were included: 69 in the PACP condition, 70 in the CCP condition, and 73 in the control condition. No effects of the two interventions were found on the numbers of voluntary admissions, involuntary admissions and emergency visits. Regarding involuntary admissions, there was no significant effect on emergency admissions, which were 17% (12/69) in the PACP condition, 10% (7/70) in the CCP condition, and 19% (14/73) in the control condition. There was a significant effect on planned court-ordered admissions, with 16% (11/69) in the PACP condition, 10% (7/70) in the CCP condition, and 26% (19/73) in the control condition. Finally, the interventions had no effect on outpatient emergency visits, with 32% (22/69) in the PACP group, 31% (22/70) in the CCP group, and 34% (25/73) in the control group. Conclusions Crisis plans may be an effective intervention for reducing court-ordered admissions in patients with psychotic and bipolar disorders. Trial registration Current Controlled Trails NTR1166.

Ruchlewska, Asia; Wierdsma, Andre I.; Kamperman, Astrid M.; van der Gaag, Mark; Smulders, Renee; Roosenschoon, Bert-Jan; Mulder, Cornelis L.

2014-01-01

206

Enhancing crisis leadership in public health emergencies.  

PubMed

Reviews of public health emergency responses have identified a need for crisis leadership skills in health leaders, but these skills are not routinely taught in public health curricula. To develop criteria for crisis leadership in public health, published sources were reviewed to identify attributes of successful crisis leadership in aviation, public safety, military operations, and mining. These sources were abstracted to identify crisis leadership attributes associated with those disciplines and compare those attributes with crisis leadership challenges in public health. Based on this review, the following attributes are proposed for crisis leadership in public health: competence in public health science; decisiveness with flexibility; ability to maintain situational awareness and provide situational assessment; ability to coordinate diverse participants across very different disciplines; communication skills; and the ability to inspire trust. Of these attributes, only competence in public health science is currently a goal of public health education. Strategies to teach the other proposed attributes of crisis leadership will better prepare public health leaders to meet the challenges of public health crises. PMID:24274133

Deitchman, Scott

2013-10-01

207

Communicating through Crisis: A Strategy for Organizational Survival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that crisis communication should be a part of the larger issues of communication policy and strategy. Builds a case for the need to consider crisis communication in a larger context. Proposes a model of crisis communication content that may serve as a framework for research into the efficacy of communication during crisis episodes. (RS)

Sturges, David L.

1994-01-01

208

Some lessons for economists from the financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss implications of the global crisis for economic and financial research and policy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper reviews many recent studies on the crisis and offers the author's views on some of the most important lessons to be drawn from the crisis Findings – The review counters views that the crisis

Thomas Willett

2010-01-01

209

The Onset of the East Asian Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an early diagnosis of the financial crisis in Asia, focusing on the empirical record in the lead-up to the crisis. The main goal is to emphasize the role of financial panic as an essential element of the Asian crisis. At the core of the crisis were large-scale foreign capital inflows into financial systems that became vulnerable to

Steven Radelet; Jeffrey Sachs

1998-01-01

210

Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legit imacy of organizations. When faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. This study syn thesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width theory to provide an investigation of the effects of crisis-response strategies on per ceptions of organizational legitimacy.

Joseph Eric Massey

2001-01-01

211

The IGY and the Satellite Race: A Reconsideration of a Cold War Crisis that Never Should Have Been  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In October 1957 the Soviet Union launched the first Earth-circling artificial satellite and the crisis that resulted led to numerous actions in the United States aimed at "remediating" a Cold War crisis. This included the establishment of a separate civilian space agency charged with the conduct of an official program of scientific and technological space exploration, consolidation of Department of Defense space activities, the passage of the National Defense Education Act, the creation of a Presidential Science Advisor, and a host of lesser actions. The politics of these changes is fascinating, and has been interpreted as an appropriate political response to a unique crisis situation. Interest groups, all for differing reasons, prodded national leaders to undertake large-scale efforts, something the president thought unnecessarily expensive and once set in place impossible to dismantle. But was the Sputnik crisis truly a crisis in any real sense? Was it made into one by interest groups who used it for their own ends? This paper will trace briefly some of the major themes associated with the IGY and Sputnik and describe the political construction of the crisis as it emerged in 1957- 1958. It will also discuss something about the transformation of federal science and technology that took place in the aftermath of the "crisis" and how it set in train a series of processes and policies that did not unravel until the end of the Cold War.

Launius, R. D.

2006-05-01

212

School Safety and Crisis Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Helping young people deal with crises can be a difficult task, and is something that should not be taken lightly. The National Association of School Psychologists has brought together a set of valuable resources on this site for professionals who work with children. The resources are divided into eight different sections, and they include links to other online resources, and those that deal with specific subjects, such as suicide, trauma, and natural disasters. The natural disaster section includes fact sheets on how to help children after a wildfire and in the aftermath of a tsunami. Moving on, the suicide section contains like-minded materials on how to address teen suicide and preventive measures. The site is rounded out with a selection of crisis resources in Spanish.

2007-02-24

213

The crisis of middle age  

PubMed Central

Today's emphasis on youth makes it increasingly difficult to accept growing old. The denial of ageing is reflected in society's attitudes and in the paucity of medical and psychiatric literature on the subject. In the middle years there is the greatest demand for adequate emotional adaptation during a rapidly changing period in life, which frequently involves two people, both separately and together. This paper discusses some of the problems which may be encountered from the psychosomatic, sexual and psychological aspects in the middle-aged man, woman and the couple. It emphasizes the need for the family physician to be aware of these difficulties and to be able to help the patient deal with them. The more successful the resolution of the middle-age crisis, the more contented and peaceful will be the acceptance of old age by the individual.

Steiner, Betty W.

1973-01-01

214

Electronic gaming and the obesity crisis.  

PubMed

Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and increase consumption of high-calorie foods and beverages that are low in nutritional value. Electronic games, however, may increase children's physical activity and expose them to healthier foods. We examine the role of electronic games in the pediatric obesity crisis and their contribution to more favorable health outcomes. PMID:23483693

Calvert, Sandra L; Staiano, Amanda E; Bond, Bradley J

2013-01-01

215

Perceptions of Teachers and Staff Regarding the Impact of the Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Model for School-Based Crisis Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Model for crisis intervention was devloped for use with emergency service personnel. Research regarding the use of the CISM Model has been conducted among civilians and high-risk occupation groups with mixed results. The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the CISM Model for school-based crisis intervention as perceived by teachers

Julie Q. Morrison

2007-01-01

216

Crisis management or crisis response system? : A complexity science approach to organizational crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To offer a complexity-informed framework for the design of an effective organizational crisis response system. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A narrative analysis of the crisis response in a hotel chain facing a major food poisoning outbreak, seen from a complexity theory perspective. Data were collected through 17 in-depth interviews of persons involved in the crisis response and through analysis of

Alexandros Paraskevas

2006-01-01

217

Instrumentation crisis for VGP: Committee Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As described in the editorial in EOS (62, p. 1153, Nov. 24, 1981) there is a crisis in geochemical/mineralogical instrumentation. The ad hoc committee of the Geological Sciences board of the NRC has prepared a report based on (1) a two-thirds response to a detailed questionnaire sent out to 100 research and teaching institutions, (2) many letters from scientists, and (3) discussions between committee members. The report consists of a one-page summary of recommendations plus a detailed set of data and arguments. The one-page summary is printed below, and members of VGP are invited to send comments to me. In the next few months the ad hoc committee will take appropriate steps to implement the recommendations. I shall be particularly glad to hear from volunteers who would like to join committees and working groups for designing new equipment and organizing workshops. My phone number is 312-962-8110 (Wednesday-Friday, 8:00 A.M.-6:45 P.M.; Friday, 8-11:00 A.M. preferred because of teaching and research commitments at other times). Many thanks to those who wrote helpful letters.

Smith, Joseph V.

218

Are You Prepared for the Next Crisis?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers steps to making school security equipment and emergency plans more effective through proper planning and staff training. Key components of effective communication for controlling and responding to crisis are highlighted. (GR)

Dorn, Michael

2001-01-01

219

The Energy Crisis and Solar Energy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the status of the energy crisis in Australia. Outlines energy alternatives for the 1990's and describes the present status of solar energy research and the economics of solar energy systems. (GS)

Bockris, J. O'M.

1974-01-01

220

What kind of crisis for capitalism?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This week's meeting of the International Monetary Fund at Toronto will avoid an immediate crisis. But more international credit will not allow rich and poor to behave as if they live on different planets.

1982-09-01

221

Child Welfare and the Economic Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that current economic problems may be an indication of deep, long term economic crisis. Points out implications of economic crises for families and human services, and suggests four options for responding as a society to economic hard times. (RH)

Garbarino, James

1984-01-01

222

Decision-Theory for Crisis Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rockwell International Science Center's main contribution to the ARPA/Rome Laboratory Planning Initiative has been the development and application of decision theoretic concepts and tools for the problem of military transportation and crisis planning....

M. Goldszmidt A. Darwiche T. Chavez D. Smith J. White

1994-01-01

223

Indonesia: The Economic Crisis 1997-1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper provides a short study of Indonesia's economic performance before July 1997 and an early diagnosis of the economic crisis in Indonesia, which occurred from July 1997 to March 1998. After achieving remarkable economic development success over th...

D. A. Mamahit

1998-01-01

224

Setting up a crisis recovery plan.  

PubMed

When companies, institutions, or for that matter even nations suddenly find themselves face to face with a disaster, more often than not the necessary forces can be quickly marshaled to deal with the matter at hand. However, when the dust begins to settle, the after shocks are often more devastating and costly to the organization over the long term than the original crisis. That is why crisis recovery planning should be a part of any strategic planning process. PMID:10300806

Phelps, N L

1986-01-01

225

Analyzing Crisis in Global Financial Indices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We apply the Random Matrix Theory and complex network techniques to 20 global financial indices and study the correlation and network properties before and during the financial crisis of 2008 respectively. We find that the largest eigenvalue deviate significantly from the upper bound which shows a strong correlation between financial indices. By using a sliding window of 25 days we find that largest eigenvalue represent the collective information about the correlation between global financial indices and its trend indicate the market conditions. It is confirmed that eigenvectors corresponding to second largest eigenvalue gives useful information about the sector formation in the global financial indices. We find that these clusters are formed on the basis of the geographical location. The correlation network is constructed using threshold method for different values of threshold ? in the range 0 to 0.9, at ?=0.2 the network is fully connected. At ?=0.6, the Americas, Europe and Asia/Pacific form different clusters before the crisis but during the crisis Americas and Europe are strongly linked. If we further increase the threshold to 0.9 we find that European countries France, Germany and UK consistently constitute the most tightly linked markets before and during the crisis. We find that the structure of Minimum Spanning Tree before the crisis is more star like whereas during the crisis it changes to be more chain like. Using the multifractal analysis, we find that Hurst exponents of financial indices increases during the period of crisis as compared to the period before the crisis. The empirical results verify the validity of measures, and this has led to a better understanding of complex financial markets.

Kumar, Sunil; Deo, Nivedita

226

Crisis management during anaesthesia: recovering from a crisis.  

PubMed

Preventing harm to the patient is the priority during a crisis. After a major incident, and especially when a patient has been harmed, there are a number of matters to be addressed: the ongoing care of the patient; documentation of the incident; investigation of the root causes; completion of reports; interviews with the patient and/or the next of kin, together with apologies and expression of regret; updates and ongoing support for friends and relatives; a word of thanks to the staff involved for their assistance; formal debriefing of staff for quality assurance and possibly ongoing support and a separate debriefing for psychological purposes; ensuring that the recommendations of the root cause analysis are carried out; or, failing that, that the issues are logged on a risk register. The extent and depth of the follow up protocol depends on what, if any, harm may have been done. This may constitute completion of an incident report; notification of an equipment failure to a federal regulatory authority; arranging consultations with a mental health professional to manage psychological sequelae (especially following an awareness episode); follow up during weeks of intensive care treatment; or, when a death has occurred, a full medico-legal and/or coronial set of procedures. A precis is appended in an action card format. PMID:15933299

Bacon, A K; Morris, R W; Runciman, W B; Currie, M

2005-06-01

227

Crisis management during anaesthesia: recovering from a crisis  

PubMed Central

Preventing harm to the patient is the priority during a crisis. After a major incident, and especially when a patient has been harmed, there are a number of matters to be addressed: the ongoing care of the patient; documentation of the incident; investigation of the root causes; completion of reports; interviews with the patient and/or the next of kin, together with apologies and expression of regret; updates and ongoing support for friends and relatives; a word of thanks to the staff involved for their assistance; formal debriefing of staff for quality assurance and possibly ongoing support and a separate debriefing for psychological purposes; ensuring that the recommendations of the root cause analysis are carried out; or, failing that, that the issues are logged on a risk register. The extent and depth of the follow up protocol depends on what, if any, harm may have been done. This may constitute completion of an incident report; notification of an equipment failure to a federal regulatory authority; arranging consultations with a mental health professional to manage psychological sequelae (especially following an awareness episode); follow up during weeks of intensive care treatment; or, when a death has occurred, a full medico-legal and/or coronial set of procedures. A précis is appended in an action card format.

Bacon, A; Morris, R; Runciman, W; Currie, M

2005-01-01

228

Controlling crisis-induced intermittency using its relation with a boundary crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we show that there is a simple and intuitive relation between crisis-induced intermittency and a boundary crisis in unimodal maps and in a family of chaotic flows with strong volume contraction. This point of view allows us to identify a set of 'target points' directly from the time series of the considered system that can be used

Samuel Zambrano; Inés P. Mariño; Miguel A. F. Sanjuán

2009-01-01

229

Controlling crisis-induced intermittency using its relation with a boundary crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we show that there is a simple and intuitive relation between crisis-induced intermittency and a boundary crisis in unimodal maps and in a family of chaotic flows with strong volume contraction. This point of view allows us to identify a set of ‘target points’ directly from the time series of the considered system that can be used

Samuel Zambrano; Inés P Mariño; Miguel A F Sanjuán

2009-01-01

230

The role of emotions in crisis responses : Inaugural test of the integrated crisis mapping (ICM) model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to extend current theories in crisis communication, by developing a more systemic approach to understanding the role of emotions in crises and the strategies organizations can use to respond. The authors' integrated crisis mapping (ICM) model is premised on a public-based, emotion-driven perspective where different crises are mapped on two continua, the

Yan Jin; Augustine Pang; Glen T. Cameron

2010-01-01

231

The Achievement Crisis Is Real: A Review of "The Manufactured Crisis."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "The Manufactured Crisis," D. Berliner and B. Biddle argue that there has been no decline in achievement test scores, that today's students outperform their parents and do well in international examinations, and that the supposed crisis in American education does not exist. This review refutes all these claims. (SLD)

Stedman, Lawrence C.

1996-01-01

232

Expanding the Crisis Planning Function: Introducing Elements of Risk Communication to Crisis Communication Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests use of elements of risk communication by crisis communication practitioners facing increasing industrial reliance on new technologies which might be associated with potential health/environment harm. Studies a small company crisis which reveals that elements of anticipation, public involvement/trust, technological comparison, and media…

Williams, David E.; Olaniran, Bolanle A.

1998-01-01

233

Helping Crisis Managers Protect Reputational Assets: Initial Tests of the Situational Crisis Communication Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains a comprehensive, prescriptive, situational approach for responding to crises and protecting organizational reputation: the situational crisis communication theory (SCCT). Notes undergraduate students read two crisis case studies from a set of 13 cases and responded to questions following the case. Validates a key assumption in SCCT and…

Coombs, W. Timothy; Holladay, Sherry J.

2002-01-01

234

Through the looking glass: A decade of Red Cross crisis response and situational crisis communication theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis communication has emerged as a hot topic in public relations literature. However, little attention has been paid to nonprofit organizations (NPOs), one of the largest sectors of public relations practice. In particular, few studies have examined that the crisis response strategy NPOs can employ to repair their reputations. For the Red Cross and other NPOs, when faced with a

Hilary Fussell Sisco; Erik L. Collins; Lynn M. Zoch

2010-01-01

235

Nonprofit in Crisis: An Examination of the Applicability of Situational Crisis Communication Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coombs' (2007) Situational Crisis Communication Theory (SCCT) provides the theoretical framework for a 3 × 2 experiment testing the effects of SCCT response strategies from a nonprofit organization. The body of research devoted to crisis communication rarely addresses one of the largest areas of public relations, the public sector. Findings illustrate that in two extremes, one in which the nonprofit is a

Hilary Fussell Sisco

2012-01-01

236

From debt crisis to tequila crisis: inflation stationarity through Mexico's turbulent decades  

Microsoft Academic Search

The volatility of Mexican inflation throughout the 1980s' debt crisis and the 1994 tequila crisis provides an interesting backdrop to test for structural breaks and inflation stationarity in a developing country context. By allowing for multiple breaks, four inflationary regimes are identified during the period 1980 to 2004. Initial unit root tests reject stationarity; however, by incorporating structural break analysis,

Tony Caporale; Julia Paxton

2011-01-01

237

Disaster and crisis management in Turkey: a need for a unified crisis management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Crisis management has gained importance in the policy agendas of many countries around the world due to the increases in the number of natural disasters and terrorist attacks. Thus, this paper has two purposes. The first is to illustrate how the Turkish Government's Disaster and Crisis Management System has been developed. The second purpose is to make a

Ali Unlu; Naim Kapucu; Bahadir Sahin

2010-01-01

238

International Comparison of Crisis Management Policies: For theories of economic policies for crisis response (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the details and characteristics of disclosures of crisis management scenarios and simulations of countries and regions based on some of the information collected in research activities for a project on constructing a new macroeconomic model and identifying the right economic policies to take in times of crisis. The paper also identifies some of the implications to Japan's

KOBAYASHI Keiichiro; OSAWA Jun; YAOITA Shumpei; KIKUCHI Yona; JIBIKI Yasuhito; ITO Koutaro; OGURI Yusuke; HARADA Tomoyo

2008-01-01

239

Zimbabwe Land Crisis Turns Violent  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This weekend the land crisis in Zimbabwe was marked by violence as one white farmer was killed and two members of the country's opposition party were the victims of a firebombing. In the past week, Zimbabwe veterans of the country's war for independence began occupying prime farmland owned exclusively by whites. These squatters have demanded that land redistribution promised for years by President Mugabe's government be enacted immediately. Mugabe himself, with an eye on upcoming elections in May, has supported the squatters, warning white farmers that he cannot protect them if they "provoke the war veterans." Early Monday, perhaps in response to international pressure, Mugabe modified his position somewhat, promising to maintain peace in the region, but stopping short of telling squatters to vacate the farms. Land reform has been a major issue in the country since it won its independence from Britain. Currently, about 4,500 white farmers own 11 million hectares of prime agricultural land while one million blacks divide 16 million hectares-typically in drought-prone areas. The political situation in the country also worsened with the firebombing death of two prominent members of the country's opposition party, Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). The killings were an ominous sign for the upcoming elections, especially since Mugabe did not condemn the attacks. Diplomats and observers are concerned that the elections next month may be marred by coercion, corruption, and violence. Not surprisingly, many whites in Zimbabwe have recently sought to reclaim their UK passports in possible preparation for fleeing the country.

Charbonneau, David D.

240

Cholinergic crisis after rodenticide poisoning.  

PubMed

Rodenticides have historically been common agents in attempted suicides. As most rodenticides in the United States (U.S.) are superwarfarins, these ingestions are generally managed conservatively with close monitoring for coagulopathy, and if necessary, correction of any resulting coagulopathy. However, alternate forms of rodenticides are imported illegally into the U.S. and may be ingested either accidentally or in suicide attempts. We present an unusual case of poisoning by the illegally imported rodenticide, "Tres Pasitos." The main ingredient of this rat poison is aldicarb, a potent carbamate pesticide that causes fulminant cholinergic crisis. This case is relevant and timely because carbamates and organophosphates are still used as insecticides and emergency physicians (EP) working in rural areas may have to evaluate and manage patients with these poisonings. As international travel and immigration have increased, so has the possibility of encountering patients who have ingested toxic substances from other countries. In addition, there has been increased concern about the possibility of acts of terrorism using chemical substances that cause cholinergic toxidromes.1,2 EPs must be able to recognize and manage these poisonings. This report describes the mechanism of action, clinical manifestations, laboratory evaluation and management of this type of poisoning. The pertinent medical literature on poisoning with aldicarb and similar substances is reviewed. PMID:21293782

Waseem, Muhammad; Perry, Christopher; Bomann, Scott; Pai, Meena; Gernsheimer, Joel

2010-12-01

241

[The economic-financial crisis and health in Spain. Evidence and viewpoints. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

The objectives of the SESPAS 2014 Report are as follows: a) to analyze the impact of the economic crisis on health and health-related behaviors, on health inequalities, and on the determinants of health in Spain; b) to describe the changes in the Spanish health system following measures to address the crisis and assess its potential impact on health; c) to review the evidence on the health impact of economic crises in other countries, as well as policy responses; and d) to suggest policy interventions alternative to those carried out to date with a population health perspective and scientific evidence in order to help mitigate the impact of the economic downturn on health and health inequalities. The report is organized in five sections: 1) the economic, financial and health crisis: causes, consequences, and contexts; 2) the impact on structural determinants of health and health inequalities; 3) the impact on health and health-related behaviors, and indicators for monitoring; 4) the impact on health systems; and 5) the impact on specific populations: children, seniors, and immigrants. There is some evidence on the relationship between the crisis and the health of the Spanish population, health inequalities, some changes in lifestyle, and variations in access to health services. The crisis has impacted many structural determinants of health, particularly among the most vulnerable population groups. Generally, policy responses on how to manage the crisis have not taken the evidence into account. The crisis may contribute to making public policy vulnerable to corporate action, thus jeopardizing the implementation of healthy policies. PMID:24863987

Cortès-Franch, Imma; González López-Valcárcel, Beatriz

2014-06-01

242

Osage Avenue Is Burning: The Influence of Race upon Crisis Public Relations in Philadelphia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined public relations aspects of the police confrontation and bombing of the revolutionary Black group, MOVE, in Philadelphia, in which 11 persons were killed, 250 were left homeless, and 61 homes were destroyed. It explored if and how race affected the crisis and whether Black media and general media were treated differently. City…

Bishop, Robert L.; Boles, Wendy Gotchel

243

Teaching and Learning through Desire, Crisis, and Difference: Perverted Reflections on Anti-Oppressive Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflects on one educator's experiences teaching high school students and student teachers, suggesting that teaching was made meaningful, and learning against oppression was made possible, only when the group, consciously or unconsciously, made use of non-normalized or perverted forms of desire and crisis. Notes the teacher's realization that…

Kumashiro, Kevin K.

2000-01-01

244

THE MALE MID-LIFE CRISIS IN THE GROWN-UP RESILIENT CHILD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical experience with a group of successful men suggests that one source of a mid-life crisis can be neglectful parenting during childhood. When resilient children grow up, they retain a deficit in the self. At mid-life, the use of work as a defense against emotional needs tends to break down, and the problems of childhood can re-emerge.

SHIRLEY BRAVERMAN; JOEL PARIS

1993-01-01

245

Accelerating and Braking in Times of Economic Crisis: Organisational Learning in a Top Management Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the results of a study of an industrial company's top management team (TMT) that fought to survive an economic crisis. Specifically, the article seeks to focus on describing the TMT's composition, group processes, and work during a period of high external pressure; analysing the TMT's work in…

Wallo, Andreas; Kock, Henrik; Nilsson, Peter

2012-01-01

246

A crisis recovery model for adolescents with severe mental health problems.  

PubMed

A model of intervention at the interface and for the in-patient phase for adolescents with severe mental health crises was developed to reduce length of stay while maintaining quality of service consonant with the 'recovery model'. The model is described, and discussed in the context of the limited literature on both crisis intervention with adolescents and families, and 'recovery' in this age-group. The model may be suitable also for use by community teams dealing with adolescents in crisis. PMID:23060601

Kaplan, Tony; Racussen, Lisa

2013-04-01

247

[Impact of the economic crisis on the right to a healthy diet. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

The present article analyzes the impact of the economic crisis on food consumption in Spain, the most affected social profiles, and the consequences of changing patterns of food consumption on health. This article is based on official reports and previous empirical studies. The crisis has affected diet and food consumption. Families are attempting to spend less money on food. Food insecurity is rising and the most affected groups are those spending a higher proportion of their income on food. Cuts in food spending run parallel with unhealthy eating habits that encourage obesity. Consequently, the crisis contributes to undermining the right to a healthy diet, recognized by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of the United Nations. PMID:24863995

Antentas, Josep Maria; Vivas, Esther

2014-06-01

248

Crisis management teams in health organisations.  

PubMed

Crisis management teams (CMT) are necessary to ensure adequate and appropriate crisis management planning and response to unforeseen, adverse events. This study investigated the existence of CMTs, the membership of CMTs, and the degree of training received by CMTs in Australian health and allied health organisations. This cross-sectional study draws on data provided by executive decision makers in a broad selection of health and allied health organisations. Crisis management teams were found in 44.2 per cent of the health-related organisations surveyed, which is ten per cent lower than the figure for business organisations. Membership of these CMTs was not ideal and did not conform to standard CMT membership profiles. Similarly, the extent of crisis management training in health-related organisations is 20 per cent lower than the figure for business organisations. If organisations do not become pro-active in their crisis management practices, the onus is on government to improve the situation through regulation and the provision of more physical, monetary and skill resources to ensure that the health services of Australia are sufficiently prepared to respond to adverse events. PMID:22576140

Canyon, Deon V

2012-01-01

249

Financial crisis, austerity, and health in Europe.  

PubMed

The financial crisis in Europe has posed major threats and opportunities to health. We trace the origins of the economic crisis in Europe and the responses of governments, examine the effect on health systems, and review the effects of previous economic downturns on health to predict the likely consequences for the present. We then compare our predictions with available evidence for the effects of the crisis on health. Whereas immediate rises in suicides and falls in road traffic deaths were anticipated, other consequences, such as HIV outbreaks, were not, and are better understood as products of state retrenchment. Greece, Spain, and Portugal adopted strict fiscal austerity; their economies continue to recede and strain on their health-care systems is growing. Suicides and outbreaks of infectious diseases are becoming more common in these countries, and budget cuts have restricted access to health care. By contrast, Iceland rejected austerity through a popular vote, and the financial crisis seems to have had few or no discernible effects on health. Although there are many potentially confounding differences between countries, our analysis suggests that, although recessions pose risks to health, the interaction of fiscal austerity with economic shocks and weak social protection is what ultimately seems to escalate health and social crises in Europe. Policy decisions about how to respond to economic crises have pronounced and unintended effects on public health, yet public health voices have remained largely silent during the economic crisis. PMID:23541059

Karanikolos, Marina; Mladovsky, Philipa; Cylus, Jonathan; Thomson, Sarah; Basu, Sanjay; Stuckler, David; Mackenbach, Johan P; McKee, Martin

2013-04-13

250

Two pulses of extinction during the Permian-Triassic crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Permian-Triassic mass extinction is the most severe biotic crisis identified in Earth history. Over 90% of marine species were eliminated, causing the destruction of the marine ecosystem structure. This biotic crisis is generally interpreted as a single extinction event around 252.3 million years ago, and has been variously attributed to the eruption of the Siberian Traps or possibly a bolide impact. Here we demonstrate that the marine extinction consisted of two pulses, separated by a 180,000-year recovery phase. We evaluated the range of 537 species representing 17 marine groups in seven Chinese sections from a 450,000-year interval spanning the Permian-Triassic boundary. The first stage of extinction occurred during the latest Permian, and was marked by the extinction of 57% of species, namely all plankton and some benthic groups, including algae, rugose corals, and fusulinids. The second phase occurred in the earliest Triassic, and resulted in the extinction of 71% of the remaining species. This second extinction phase fundamentally altered the marine ecosystem structure that had existed for the previous 200 million years. Because the two pulses showed different extinction selectivity, we conclude that they may have had different environmental causes.

Song, Haijun; Wignall, Paul B.; Tong, Jinnan; Yin, Hongfu

2013-01-01

251

Multi-Agent Crisis Response systems - Design Requirements and Analysis of Current Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis response is a critical area of research, with encouraging progress in the past view yeas. The aim of the research is to contribute to building future crisis environment where software agents, robots, responders, crisis managers, and crisis organizations interact to provide advice, protection and aid. This paper discusses the crisis response domain requirements, and provides analysis of five crisis

Khaled M. Khalil; M. Abdel-aziz; Taymour T. Nazmy; Abdel-badeeh M. Salem

2009-01-01

252

Consumer experience of formal crisis-response services and preferred methods of crisis intervention.  

PubMed

The manner in which people with mental illness are supported in a crisis is crucial to their recovery. The current study explored mental health consumers' experiences with formal crisis services (i.e. police and crisis assessment and treatment (CAT) teams), preferred crisis supports, and opinions of four collaborative interagency response models. Eleven consumers completed one-on-one, semistructured interviews. The results revealed that the perceived quality of previous formal crisis interventions varied greatly. Most participants preferred family members or friends to intervene. However, where a formal response was required, general practitioners and mental health case managers were preferred; no participant wanted a police response, and only one indicated a preference for CAT team assistance. Most participants welcomed collaborative crisis interventions. Of four collaborative interagency response models currently being trialled internationally, participants most strongly supported the Ride-Along Model, which enables a police officer and a mental health clinician to jointly respond to distressed consumers in the community. The findings highlight the potential for an interagency response model to deliver a crisis response aligned with consumers' preferences. PMID:24575860

Boscarato, Kara; Lee, Stuart; Kroschel, Jon; Hollander, Yitzchak; Brennan, Alice; Warren, Narelle

2014-08-01

253

Crisis Management in the National Military Command Center (NMCC).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A functional architecture of NMCC crisis management is developed beginning with the identification and description of the mission and concept of operations. A functional decomposition of crisis management activities is then built based on current operatin...

A. H. Levis B. S. Ray

1993-01-01

254

Utilization of medical care following the Three Mile Island crisis  

SciTech Connect

Four studies are reported on how utilization of primary health care was affected by the Three Mile Island (TMI) crisis and subsequent distress experienced by persons living in the vicinity of the plant. The studies concerned: Blue Cross-Blue Shield records of claims by primary care physicians in the vicinity of TMI; utilization rates in a family practice located near the facility; interviews with persons living within five miles of TMI following the crisis; and responses to a questionnaire by primary care physicians practicing within 25 miles of TMI. All four studies indicated only slight increases in utilization rates during the year following the crisis. One study found that persons who were upset during the crisis tended to be high practice utilizers both before and after the crisis. These results suggest that, while patterns of physician utilization prior to the TMI crisis predicted emotional response during the crisis, the impact of the TMI crisis on subsequent physician utilization was small.

Houts, P.S.; Hu, T.W.; Henderson, R.A.; Cleary, P.D.; Tokuhata, G.

1984-02-01

255

The Importance of Having an Effective School Crisis Response Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details the components of a public school safety plan and how to develop a crisis response plan with emergency responders. The importance of crisis response team members knowing their roles and being held accountable are stressed. (GR)

Watson, James A.

2000-01-01

256

Crisis Communication: The Business Communicator's Strategies for Communicating under Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses the 1979 Three Mile Island nuclear plant accident to illustrate the communication problems embedded in a crisis. Describes the reactions created by the stress related to crisis. Suggests business communication strategies for improving communication to the public. (SR)

Vielhaber, Mary E.

1990-01-01

257

Resilient Communication: A New Crisis Communication Strategy for Homeland Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current crisis communication plans and guidance at all levels of government focus almost exclusively on communication during a crisis, rather than a comprehensive approach that also addresses the timeframe well before and well after a disaster. Furthermor...

S. L. Watson

2012-01-01

258

On the Epistemological Crisis in Genomics  

PubMed Central

There is an epistemological crisis in genomics. At issue is what constitutes scientific knowledge in genomic science, or systems biology in general. Does this crisis require a new perspective on knowledge heretofore absent from science or is it merely a matter of interpreting new scientific developments in an existing epistemological framework? This paper discusses the manner in which the experimental method, as developed and understood over recent centuries, leads naturally to a scientific epistemology grounded in an experimental-mathematical duality. It places genomics into this epistemological framework and examines the current situation in genomics. Meaning and the constitution of scientific knowledge are key concerns for genomics, and the nature of the epistemological crisis in genomics depends on how these are understood.

Dougherty, Edward R

2008-01-01

259

Relationship between Painful Crisis and Serum Zinc Level in Children with Sickle Cell Anaemia  

PubMed Central

Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is associated with zinc deficiency; zinc supplementation may ameliorate some of its clinical manifestations including the relief of painful crisis. Subjects and Methods. Serum zinc levels were determined in 71 children with SCA and painful crisis and in equal numbers in steady state. Seventy-one children with AA genotype acted as controls. Qualitative assessment of zinc content of 24-hour dietary recall and the last meal consumed before blood was drawn was taken. Serum zinc was determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Haemoglobin concentration and packed cell volume (PCV) were determined using standard methods. Results. The mean serum zinc concentration in the study was less than international reference range. The controls had significantly higher serum zinc concentrations than the SCA group (42.7 ± 13.6 versus 32.3 ± 14.0??g/dL, P < .000); this difference was due to the significantly lower values of serum zinc in SCA with painful crisis compared with the remaining two groups F = 30.9, P<.000. There was a positive correlation between serum zinc and haemoglobin concentration only in the control group (r = 0.4; P = .001). Conclusion. The serum zinc levels in this study were low. Painful crisis in SCA may exert greater demand for zinc utilization in children with SCA thereby resulting in lower serum levels.

Temiye, Edamisan Olusoji; Duke, Edem Samuel; Owolabi, Mbang Adeyemi; Renner, James Kweku

2011-01-01

260

Crisis resolution\\/home treatment team workers’ understandings of the concept of crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The crisis resolution\\/home treatment (CR\\/HT) model has brought significant reform of acute mental health care in the UK and\\u000a beyond. The complex issue of conceptualising crisis is, however, overlooked in CR\\/HT literature. This study aimed to investigate\\u000a how crisis is understood amongst those working in CR\\/HT teams.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  Framework analysis was applied to semi-structured interviews with 39 CR\\/HT workers representative of

Simon Tobitt; Sunjeev Kamboj

2011-01-01

261

Crisis management during anaesthesia: hypotension  

PubMed Central

Background: Hypotension is commonly encountered in association with anaesthesia and surgery. Uncorrected and sustained it puts the brain, heart, kidneys, and the fetus in pregnancy at risk of permanent or even fatal damage. Its recognition and correction is time critical, especially in patients with pre-existing disease that compromises organ perfusion. Objectives: To examine the role of a previously described core algorithm "COVER ABCD–A SWIFT CHECK", supplemented by a specific sub-algorithm for hypotension, in the management of hypotension when it occurs in association with anaesthesia. Methods: Reports of hypotension during anaesthesia were extracted and studied from the first 4000 incidents reported to the Australian Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS). The potential performance of the COVER ABCD algorithm and the sub-algorithm for hypotension was compared with the actual management as reported by the anaesthetist involved. Results: There were 438 reports that mentioned hypotension, cardiovascular collapse, or cardiac arrest. In 17% of reports more than one cause was attributed and 550 causative events were identified overall. The most common causes identified were drugs (26%), regional anaesthesia (14%), and hypovolaemia (9%). Concomitant changes were reported in heart rate or rhythm in 39% and oxygen saturation or ventilation in 21% of reports. Cardiac arrest was documented in 25% of reports. As hypotension was frequently associated with abnormalities of other vital signs, it could not always be adequately addressed by a single algorithm. The sub-algorithm for hypotension is adequate when hypotension occurs in association with sinus tachycardia. However, when it occurs in association with bradycardia, non-sinus tachycardia, desaturation or signs of anaphylaxis or other problems, the sub-algorithm for hypotension recommends cross referencing to other relevant sub-algorithms. It was considered that, correctly applied, the core algorithm COVER ABCD would have diagnosed 18% of cases and led to resolution in two thirds of these. It was further estimated that completion of this followed by the specific sub-algorithm for hypotension would have led to earlier recognition of the problem and/or better management in 6% of cases compared with actual management reported. Conclusion: Pattern recognition in most cases enables anaesthetists to determine the cause and manage hypotension. However, an algorithm based approach is likely to improve the management of a small proportion of atypical but potentially life threatening cases. While an algorithm based approach will facilitate crisis management, the frequency of co-existing abnormalities in other vital signs means that all cases of hypotension cannot be dealt with using a single algorithm. Diagnosis, in particular, may potentially be assisted by cross referencing to the specific sub-algorithms for these.

Morris, R; Watterson, L; Westhorpe, R; Webb, R

2005-01-01

262

Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legitimacy of organizations. Notes that when faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. Synthesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width…

Massey, Joseph Eric

2001-01-01

263

The study on financial crisis cost in listed companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we estimated financial crisis costs for financial crisised companies in year 2004?… 2006 and analyze the influences of ownership structures on financial crisis costs. We find that the average financial crisised cost measured by MVE model is 17.27?¡?» showing that financial crisis surely brings losses to listed companies. The nature of a company's controlling shareholder significantly influences

Zhuang Zhensheng; Shan Dong

2011-01-01

264

Early Crisis Induced in Maps with Parametric Noise  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a new type of crisis in random maps is studied. The trigger of this new crisis is the tunnel effect induced by a backward tangent bifurcation. This is different from the formerly reported crises caused by the collision of the chaotic attractor with an unstable orbit. The reasons why the characteristic time of this new crisis is

H. L. Yang; Z. Q. Huang; E. J. Ding

1996-01-01

265

School-Based Crisis Intervention. A Center Quick Training Aid.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As used here, the term school-based crisis intervention refers to a range of responses schools can plan and implement in response to crisis events and reactions. All school-based and school-linked staff can play an important role in crisis intervention. This quick training aid presents a brief set of resources to guide those providing an…

California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Mental Health in Schools.

266

Trade credit and company performance during the 2008 financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate whether the 2008 financial crisis had an impact on companies’ trade credit, and whether changes in trade credit mitigated the crisis’ impact on firm profitability. We document that the availability of trade credit decreased, and that this decline is more pronounced, the higher companies’ pre-crisis reliance on short-term debt. We further report evidence that the redistribution hypothesis holds

K. KESTENS; P. VAN CAUWENBERGE; H. VANDER BAUWHEDE

2011-01-01

267

The Theoretical Debate on the Recent Great Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses several key issues regarding the recent Great Crisis 2007-2009. The;main ones are: was the financial crisis predictable by standard economic models? If not, are these models lacking of forecasting capabilities, or it is not a task of economic models to predict external events such as a systemic financial crisis? On another note, were economists aware that the

Beniamino MORO

2012-01-01

268

Facing the Crisis: Third World Agriculture in the 1980s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how developing nations' agrarian economy fared in the 1980s in the wake of the world economic crisis. Discusses how the economic crisis affected agricultural development and whether the performance of the agrarian economy was responsible for the economic crisis. (JOW)

Singh, Ajit; Tabatabai, Hamid

1990-01-01

269

Temperament Types: Midlife Death Concerns, Demographics, and Intensity of Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals (N = 331) between the ages 35 and 55 completed a death concern scale and a temperament type sorter and provided information relative to the intensity of and their ability to identify a midlife crisis event. Participants were classified within temperament types by gender, education level, crisis intensity, and ability to identify the crisis event. Five temperament types (ESTJ

Shirley A. Waskel

1995-01-01

270

Global food crisis: magnitude, causes and policy measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to study the magnitude and various causes of the global food crisis. Further, the paper aims to suggest policy measures towards the solution of global food crisis problem. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – To verify the problem of global food crisis, the paper mainly utilizes food price index of UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Sumanjeet Singh

2009-01-01

271

USS Greeneville Collision A Discussion of Crisis Communication.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper is a discussion of crisis communication in order to gain a better understanding of the U.S. Navy's crisis communications actions after the submarine collided with the Japanese fishing boat. This paper will analyze the crisis management performa...

J. A. Surette

2003-01-01

272

Proactive Communication in a Crisis-Driven World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrators can prepare for crisis situations by conducting safety assessments at all schools and district facilities, involving community resources, updating district and school discipline and crisis-communication plans, establishing a crisis-intervention team, providing staff training, establishing "suspicious behavior" reporting procedures,…

Kleinz, Karen H.

1999-01-01

273

Write the Plan before You Have the Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the development process and essential elements of a crisis communication strategy. Key steps include: (1) selecting a spokesperson; (2) publicizing the spokesperson's identity; (3) preparing a crisis notebook; (4) providing cell phones; (5) choosing a news conference location; (6) rehearsing crisis scenarios; and (7) obtaining interview…

Wirth, Eileen

2002-01-01

274

The limits of technology in nuclear crisis management  

SciTech Connect

For some purposes, one may consider the roles of technology in nuclear crisis management to fall into four categories. Certain technologies, such as signals intelligence, may assist in monitoring for the emergence of crisis precursors. Other kinds of surveillance, such as that by certain satellites, are intended to detect phenomena, such as missile launches, which clearly signal the transition from pre-crisis to mid-crisis. During this phase, communications and surveillance technologies may be called upon to aid in managing the crisis. Finally, communications technologies will play a vital role in crisis resolution, preferably during the pre-crisis phase, but in mid-crisis if necessary. It has long been recognized that a large fraction of these technical means are vulnerable, both to selective, direct attack, and to the unintended, collateral effects of conflict itself. Systematic efforts are underway to make these systems more robust and survivable in crisis environments, but one must clearly recognize the limits of technology. In particular, one must weigh very seriously the implications and possible consequences of intentional, direct attack, including decapitation, on just those means which may permit timely crisis resolution. In the end, these technologies may prove so vulnerable, that nations may be forced to rely on pre-crisis planning, including force structuring, clearly defined options planning, and clear statements of intent, in order to permit any sort of mid-crisis resolution and conflict termination.

White, P.C.

1986-01-01

275

The syllogism of apologia: Rhetorical stasis theory and crisis communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhetorical stasis theory – the process of identifying a debate's core issue – can provide a hierarchical structure for crisis response strategies. The accusation in a crisis situation – the kategoria – has a syllogistic form, allowing crisis managers to decide whether to attack an accusation at its minor premise level, major premise level or conclusion. This article connects current

Charles Marsh

2006-01-01

276

Public nudity on cell phones: Managing conflict in crisis situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analyzing news coverage to recount a fast-moving, dramatic marketing PR incident that occurred in South Korea, the contingency theory of conflict management and crisis management strategies are integrated to examine how crisis is communicated and managed in a very short period of time. Several types of strategies were utilized by contending parties through the various stages of the crisis life

Sooyoung Cho; Glen T. Cameron

2006-01-01

277

The Economic Crisis and Working Capital Management of Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to highlight the impact of the economic crisis in the economy at the microeconomic level. The crisis that began in 2007 as a financial crisis, naturally grown into an economic one. Reduced availability of capital has reduced demand from vendors. It also worsened the possibility of rational adaptation, because the company had to deal with only short-term

Hana SCHOLLEOVA

2012-01-01

278

How Should the Financial Crisis Change How We Teach Economics?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student dissatisfaction with teaching of economics--particularly with macroeconomics--during the current financial crisis mirrors dissatisfaction that was expressed during the last big crisis, the Great Depression. Then and now, a good number of students have felt that their lectures bear little relation to the economic crisis raging outside the…

Shiller, Robert J.

2010-01-01

279

Crisis ManagementPreparing for and Managing Disasters  

Microsoft Academic Search

A well thought-out crisis plan can help management respond and control damage to the organization's reputation, financial condition, market share, and brand value. Everyone, from senior management to receptionists, will have a predetermined role to play in an anticipated crisis. A facility crisis-training program should familiarize employees with the plan, including deployment of resources, notification and protection of guests, communication

Laurence Barton

1994-01-01

280

Challenges to effective crisis management: Using information and communication technologies to coordinate emergency medical services and emergency department teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of this study is to identify the major challenges to coordination between emergency department (ED) teams and emergency medical services (EMS) teams. Design: We conducted a series of focus groups involving both ED and EMS team mem- bers using a crisis scenario as the basis of the focus group discussion. We also collected organizational workflow data. Results:

Madhu C. Reddy; Sharoda A. Paul; Joanna Abraham; Michael D. Mcneese; Christopher Deflitch; John Yen

2009-01-01

281

The Global Economic Crisis: Setbacks to the Educational Agenda for the Minority in Sub-Saharan Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper captures the impact of the Global Economic Crisis on educational programs serving minority groups in developing countries. It has been established that the most vulnerable groupings include nomadic and pastoralist communities, slum dwellers, children in war zones, and women. Various educational interventions such as mobile schooling,…

Ingubu, Moses Shiasha

2010-01-01

282

Crisis Visits and Psychiatric Hospitalizations Among Patients Attending a Community Clinic in Rural Southern California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnic minorities from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds report increased utilization of mental health emergency services;\\u000a however findings have been inconsistent across ethnic\\/racial groups. In this study we describe patients who present to a rural\\u000a crisis unit in Southern California, examine rates of psychiatric hospitalizations across ethnic\\/racial groups, and investigate\\u000a factors that are associated with increased psychiatric hospitalizations in this sample. This

Alvaro Camacho; Bernardo Ng; Anabel Bejarano; Alan Simmons; Denise Chavira

283

Interoperability of Information Systems in Crisis Management: Crisis Modeling and Metamodeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a crisis situation (natural disaster, industrial accident, etc.) several partners have to act simultaneously to solve the\\u000a emergency situation. Their coordination in such a context is a crucial point, especially in the first moments of the crisis.\\u000a Their interoperability (precisely their Information Systems interoperability) is a major component of the success of the network.\\u000a ISyCri17 French project propose to

Sébastien Truptil; Frédérick Bénaben; Pierre Couget; Matthieu Lauras; Vincent Chapurlat; Hervé Pingaud

2008-01-01

284

The Crisis in Black and Black.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These essays explore why the historic conflict between blacks and whites in the United States has become a crisis that divides many African Americans. The changing racial dynamic is not marked by conflicts. between the black middle class and the poor, black men and women, the black intellectual elite and rappers, black politicians and the urban…

Hutchinson, Earl Ofari

285

Camp Crisis Management: Responding to New Challenges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Camps should have crisis management plans. Steps to formulating a plan include involving appropriate off-site agencies, identifying potential threats, gathering resources, crafting an appropriate response, training via role-playing, managing incoming and outgoing information, and writing it down. Sidebars present resources, successful response…

Evans, Will

2002-01-01

286

EDUCATION AND THE CRISIS OF OUR TIME.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OPINIONS OF SEVERAL EXISTENTIAL THINKERS AND OTHER PHILOSOPHERS PROVIDE A FRAMEWORK FOR THIS DISCUSSION OF THE CRISIS OF MODERN CIVILIZATION. IT IS FELT THAT EDUCATION BOTH REFLECTS AND IS A FORCE IN THE STANDARDIZATION, MECHANIZATION, AND DEHUMANIZATION OF CONTEMPORARY LIFE. HOWEVER, EDUCATION CAN PLAY A CONSTRUCTIVE ROLE AS AN INSTRUMENT OF…

MAYER, FREDERICK

287

Crisis Management in a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, and Columbine High School, USA. Two headline tragedies that have led to trauma for their pupils and staff. Trauma that could be devastating because of the psychological impact and the practical requirements a crisis brings. Children's social and personal development can be negatively affected, their academic…

Barclay, Colette

2004-01-01

288

Arab-Americans and the Gulf Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the sentiment and impact of different types, channels, and forms of aggression against the Arab-American community during the Gulf Crisis. Data were selected from entries in the 1990 Anti-Arab Discrimination and Hate Crimes Log of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination (ADC) National Office. Results show that there were 129 acts of…

Noor Al-Deen, Hana S.

289

Securing Crisis Maps in Conflict Zones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crowd sourced crisis mapping technologies aggregate information from individuals, trusted networks of informants, and publicly available media sources for use in informing decision making and response. Deploying this technology in conflict zones introduces a new set of vulnerabilities that can be exploited by hostile actors who have developed or adopted network surveillance and attack capabilities. Successful infiltration or compromise of

George Chamales; Rob Baker

2011-01-01

290

Television and the Crisis in the Humanities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is indeed a problem, perhaps even a crisis, that many Americans are ignorant of "The Tempest," the Civil War, the location of the Persian Gulf, the Constitution, or the chief justice of the Supreme Court. However, if conservative humanists continue to ostracize, scorn, and ignore both media studies and the media themselves, the result will not…

Burns, Gary

291

Threat Assessment Teams Target School Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses the creation of a threat-assessment team to be utilized in order to analyze each threat and the usage of threat-assessment protocols for the purpose of guiding school administrators through a crisis. These are actually developed with the advice from the US Department of Education and the Secret Service. When a…

Stover, Del

2005-01-01

292

Culture and Crisis Response in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Zealand is a bicultural nation, founded on the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi by the native Maori and the British Crown. It is also home to people from many countries, cultures and ethnicities. Therefore, culturally-relevant response to crisis events has become a significant aspect of the Ministry of Education's interdisciplinary Traumatic…

Annan, Jean; Dean, Shelley; Henry, Geoff; McGhie, Desiree; Phillipson, Roger

2010-01-01

293

From Crisis to Renewal: One School's Journey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes a time period of 6 years in the history of a school, a period marked by crisis recovery and organizational response to a mandated large-scale reform. Despite its challenges, when speaking of this period a number of the staff reflected on it as a kind of magical moment in time. Twenty years later, I began to wonder what…

Skelcher, Ann M.

2011-01-01

294

Intel's Pentium chip crisis: an ethical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In October 1994 a mathematics professor informed the Intel Corporation that its Pentium chip had a flaw which caused mathematical errors. Intel's response to the professor and its customers created a backlash of anger and a public relations crisis. By analyzing Intel's actions using the work of two relevant ethical philosophies, the article shows that some of the company's errors

Cindy Williams

1997-01-01

295

Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

What began as a bursting of the U.S. housing market bubble and a rise in foreclosures has ballooned into a global financial and economic crisis. The world now appears to have entered a global recession that is causing widespread business contraction, incr...

D. K. Nanto

2009-01-01

296

Counselors as Consultants during a National Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how counselors served as consultants to school division that had large student population of military dependents during Persian Gulf War. Examines impact of Persian Gulf War on the school division and its students and presents model for counselors who serve as consultants during crisis. Discusses counselors working as team with teachers,…

Kaplan, Leslie S.; And Others

1993-01-01

297

Africa's New Crisis: A Dearth of Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With many professors approaching retirement. a shortage of qualified academics has reached crisis proportions at a number of African universities. The shortfall is a consequence of decades of neglect of African higher education, as donors and governments concentrated limited resources on primary and secondary schools, and young scholars who manage…

Lindow, Megan

2009-01-01

298

In a Crisis, Count to 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a campus crisis, while administrators address immediate needs, trustees must find a balance between involvement and oversight. Trustees should respond by developing a worst-case strategy; establishing early warning systems; defining "due diligence"; emphasizing candor and honesty; picking one spokesperson; protecting institutional privacy;…

Koplik, Stanley Z.; And Others

1996-01-01

299

Fortysomething: Helping Employees through the Midlife Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although midlife transition is an emotional crisis for an individual, it means expensive turnover for the organization. There are three approaches an organization can take in dealing with midlife transitions: education, counseling, and restructuring jobs and tasks. Education is necessary before counseling and restructuring can begin. (JOW)

Nickle, Blair Warman; Maddox, Robert C.

1988-01-01

300

Serials—The Constant Midlife Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serials and the serials information chain have changed rapidly since the development of the electronic journal. Many recent developments are briefly described, including electronic resource management systems (ERMS) and functional requirements for bibliographic records (FRBR). The constantly changing nature of serials is compared to a psychological midlife crisis.

Kay G. Johnson

2006-01-01

301

Male Midlife Crisis and Career Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines various aspects of male midlife crisis and its effects on the man's career, including the following: What are the implications for an organization, if behavioral changes or dissatisfaction with past patterns extends into the employee's job and leads this same individual to become a dissatisfied employee, to consider a career…

Kaminski-daRoza, Victoria

1984-01-01

302

Facing the third millennium: An evolutionary crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are witnessing the birth of the first global civilization on our planet earth due to the accelerative progress of science and technology. This is also accompanied by a crisis in health care, pollution and other environmental disasters, a rising wave of violence and crime, stresses due to globalization, and so on. Recently, we formulated “An Action Plan for Human

Sampooran Singh

1995-01-01

303

The African Orphan Crisis and International Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The plight of Africa's AIDS orphans has reached crisis proportions, and the international community is beginning to mobilize at the family, community, national, and international levels. Despite these encouraging efforts, the response is inadequate, and increased attention and action are needed. The authors suggest that international adoption,…

Roby, Jini L.; Shaw, Stacey A.

2006-01-01

304

The Classical Diffusion Paradigm in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The erosion of the credibility of the classical diffusion paradigm by recent challenges to its fundamental assumptions has resulted in a "paradigmatic crisis" as related to research on the diffusion of agricultural innovations. Such basic assumptions as that of a harmonious and cooperative society and of agricultural research guided by endogenous…

Hooks, Gregory

305

Image Repair Discourse and Crisis Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the theory of image restoration discourse as an approach for understanding corporate crisis situations. States this theory can be used by practitioners to help design messages during crises and by critics or educators to critically evaluate such messages. Describes and illustrates the theory's basic concepts. Offers suggestions for…

Benoit, William L.

1997-01-01

306

The Cuban Missile Crisis. Lesson Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a secondary lesson plan based on primary sources recently released by the Central Intelligence Agency on the Cuban Missile Crisis. Provides a background essay on the event. Includes five maps and three documents, all of which have been declassified from top secret or secret status. (CFR)

Miller, Linda K.; McAuliffe, Mary

1994-01-01

307

Forgotten Fundamentals of the Energy Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines what is believed to be the forgotten fundamental of the energy crisis, the elementary arithmetic of growth. The arithmetic is applied to what is known about the reserves of fossil fuels. A large number of erroneous pronouncements from public figures and news media are collected here. (SA)

Bartlett, Albert A.

1980-01-01

308

Building Map Skills: The Other Energy Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a means of helping students build map skills, the article presents information on how the energy crisis affects poor people in developing nations (lack of firewood, disappearing forests, erosion due to removal of ground cover). Presents a global map showing the extension of desert conditions and includes questions to help students analyze the…

Branson, Margaret S.

1980-01-01

309

The Educational Attainment Crisis of Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A significant amount of scientific literature points to a growing concern that American males are not performing very well in traditional measures of educational outcomes. Specifically, the "boy crisis" as it has been labeled, asserts that males lag far behind females in baccalaureate attainment. These assertions are countered by other researchers…

Morrison, Michael C.

2008-01-01

310

Adolescent Literacy: Putting the Crisis in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, Vicki Jacobs argues that as the nation strives to improve the literacy achievement of U.S. adolescents, educators must reframe the current "crisis" as a critical point on a continuum of historical efforts to address the particular challenges of postprimary-grade reading. Specifically, Jacobs examines the definition of adolescent…

Jacobs, Vicki A.

2008-01-01

311

Is the crisis problem growing more severe?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crisis problem is one of the dominant macroeconomic features of our age. Itsprominence suggests questions like the following: Are crises growing more frequent? Are theybecoming more disruptive? Are economies taking longer to recover? These are fundamentallyhistorical questions, which can be answered only by comparing the present with the past. To this end,this paper develops and analyzes a database spanning

Michael Bordo; Barry Eichengreen; Daniela Klingebiel; Maria Soledad Martinez-Peria

2001-01-01

312

The estimation of a corporate crisis communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This experimental study found a main effect of perceived leadership and an interaction effect of perceived leadership and perceived severity of threats on the public's estimation of organizational crisis responses. The results indicate that the contingent theoretical argument explaining the dynamics of organizational factors and situational factors that determine stance taken by public relations practices can also be applied when

Sungwook Hwang; Glen T. Cameron

2009-01-01

313

Balance Sheet Adjustments in the 2008 Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We measure how securitized assets, including mortgage-backed securities and other asset-backed securities, have shifted across financial institutions over this crisis and how the availability of financing has accommodated such shifts. Sectors dependent on repo financing – in particular, the hedge fund and broker-dealer sector – have reduced asset holdings, while the commercial banking sector, which has had access to more

Zhiguo He; In Gu Khang; Arvind Krishnamurthy

2010-01-01

314

Managing a Crisis with Social Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thanks to the proliferation of handheld devices and social media such as Facebook and Twitter, people can share information instantly and succinctly. The December 8, 2011, shooting on the Virginia Tech campus underscores how important it is for information to go out quickly but accurately to help school administrators effectively manage a crisis.…

Bender, T. Gregory

2012-01-01

315

The Crisis in Air Pollution Manpower Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies conducted by the National Air Pollution Manpower Development Advisory Committee concluded there is a crisis in air pollution manpower development within the United States today. The studies investigated the existing federal manpower program, air pollution educational requirements and the quality of graduate level university programs.…

Moeller, Dade W.

1974-01-01

316

Infertility: An Unanticipated and Prolonged Life Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews literature on infertility with a focus on myths and misunderstandings about the causes of infertility; a description of the crisis of infertility including common psychological responses; the additional psychological complexity introduced by medical procedures and reproductive technology; and suggestions for mental health counselors.…

Forrest, Linda; Gilbert, Mary S.

1992-01-01

317

Autobiographic Notes on the Identity Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes his training conducted by Anna Freud and the emergence of his concepts of identity and identity crisis. He recapitulates his conceptual ancestry, insofar as it originates in psychoanalysis, in order to indicate that psychoanalysis represents a very special admixture of laboratory conditions, methodological climate, and…

Erikson, Erik H.

1970-01-01

318

Global financial crisis: causes and perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims at examining the current global financial crisis, by emphasizing its main causes and perspectives to define the way they can be avoided in the future. The paper argues that there is a need for a new International Financial System with the function of coordinating and guiding the different national and supranational institutions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This

Elio Iannuzzi; Massimiliano Berardi

2010-01-01

319

Boiling crisis as a critical phenomenon.  

PubMed

We present the first experimental study of intermittency and avalanche distribution during a boiling crisis. To understand the emergence of power law statistics we propose a simple spin model capturing the measured critical exponent. The model suggests that behind the critical heat flux is a percolation phenomenon involving drying-rewetting competition close to the hot surface. PMID:23003280

Lloveras, P; Salvat-Pujol, F; Truskinovsky, L; Vives, E

2012-05-25

320

Why the Economic Crisis Was Not Anticipated  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An article in the October 11 "New York Times" attributed the almost universal failure to anticipate the current economic crisis to "insanity"--more precisely, to a psychological inability to give proper weight to past events, so that if there is prosperity today people assume that it will last forever, even though they know that in the past booms…

Posner, Richard A.

2009-01-01

321

The Impact of Economic Crisis on Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a common belief that economic crisis will lead to a decrease in subjective wellbeing. Previous studies indicate that income is correlated with happiness and unemployment with unhappiness. The relationship between increased income and happiness is well documented while the impact of decreased income has been less explored. The aim of this…

Gudmundsdottir, Dora Gudrun

2013-01-01

322

Leadership in a time of crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concentrates on the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, using a number of sources, recreating the background, to provide an event diary (from the US perspective), and looking at lessons that could be drawn. Investigates how the events led up to the Bay of Pigs invasion and goes on to give in-depth explanations of how President John F Kennedy and the

T Kippenberger

1997-01-01

323

Crisis/Opportunity: 2011 Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If there's one quality that WICHE's home region, the West, is famous for, it's endurance in the face of crisis. And if there's another, it's the ability to find--and make--opportunities even in tough times. Over the last fiscal year, WICHE has done just that. The organization has been highly successful in terms of developing new projects and…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2011

2011-01-01

324

The emerging water crisis in Bulgaria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climatic records for the last 15 years indicate that Bulgaria is experiencing a period of exceptionally low precipitation. During 1993, significant water supply problems emerged, approaching crisis proportions in Sofia, the nation's capital, by the end of 1994. The record-setting drought of 1993 can be explained from a synoptic climatic perspective. Whether consequences of the continuing drought could have been

C. Gregory Knight; Stefan B. Velev; Marieta P. Staneva

1995-01-01

325

Crisis communication in the event of a flu pandemic.  

PubMed

When we talk about planning we cannot avoid discussing information, prevention and reaction, three notions that underlie communication in times of emergency. From a management point of view, emergency information in the event of an influenza pandemic comes under two headings: preventive information and reactive information. An example of preventive information provided by GEIG has aimed to sensitize public opinion about the phenomenon of influenza, correcting various preconceived ideas about the illness and reinforcing faith in the influenza vaccine. The strategy adopted by GEIG is founded on a few simple rules: (1) One message/one voice, GEIG unites its areas of competence by relying on a Scientific Council that guarantees the legitimacy of its influenza information, (2) the collection and coordination of information, (3) the identification and prioritisation of target groups, (4) an understanding of the media based on working relationships, making GEIG a reference when it comes to opinion, (5) the conception of information packs adapted to different categories of the public (press packs, documents for health professionals, leaflets for the general public, etc.), and (6) side-by-side with its role as broadcaster, the GEIG has set up a mechanism for listening and for evaluation (public opinion surveys, special enquiries, etc.). These are reliable monitoring tools allowing constant updating of our information policy. Emergency strategy: reactive information. An influenza pandemic is a special kind of crisis, since it is a crisis of collective responsibility, requiring a rapid deployment of adapted communication techniques.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7843373

Saliou, P

1994-08-01

326

Understanding the importance of an energy crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Human development and energy, in general, and electrical energy, specifically, co-exist seamlessly in high HDI countries where reliability and availability is greater than 99%. In numerous low HDI countries, there is 2-50% electric grid availability with reliability at or below 50% due to load shedding and faults. In Africa, solar, wind, biomass and hydroelectric energy production are cited to meet growing demand and increase reliability and availability; however, the capital costs are greater than the ability-to-pay for wide scale implementation. Since the 1970s, the United States has continued to argue over the new sustainable energy infrastructure solution(s); thus resulting in no new infrastructure being built for wide scale implementation. Together the world is facing the daunting task of averting an energy crisis in developed countries and facing energy crises in developing countries. This thesis explores the importance of energy crises: from the past, current, and future. The first part entails arguing that the United States is not on a pathway to prevent an energy crisis based on an analysis of 1986 and 2004 niche and status-quo manufacturing of light-duty vehicles. The second part answers the question of what an energy crisis looks like by exploring and investigating current electrical energy crises in Fort Portal, Uganda. This part used both anthropological and physics education empowerment research to co-design and build for various energy crisis situations in hospitals, schools, and businesses all from locally available materials and expertise. Finally, looking into the US light-duty vehicle's future, I design a new hybrid vehicle powertrain (called transition mode hybrid). This third part describes my new patent as a way to avert an energy crisis in the light-duty transportation sector.

Mechtenberg, Abigail Reid

327

Crisis management: the activities of nurse managers in Turkey.  

PubMed

Crisis management is the process of preventing the organization from getting into a crisis and taking the organization out of the situation with minimum costs and losses in sudden crisis situations. A descriptive study design was used to determine the activities of nurse managers regarding crisis management. The most common type of crisis encountered at hospitals was natural disasters such as earthquakes. To cope with stress regarding crises, 71.6% of nurse managers stated they leave the resolution of crises to the top management, 64.7% noted they increase the number of the staff members, and 58.1% said they ignore crises. It was concluded nurse managers were partially prepared for crises or crisis management. Activities of nurse managers for more efficient crisis management in hospitals can be restructured according to the results and suggestions of the research. Crises can be coped with, turned into opportunities, and negative effects of crises can be minimized. PMID:22360107

Karabacak, Ukke; Ozturk, Havva; Bahcecik, Nefise

2011-01-01

328

Antepartum fetal surveillance tests during sickle cell crisis.  

PubMed

A study was conducted to evaluate the characteristics of antepartum fetal assessment tests for women with sickle cell disease during crisis. A total of 24 women with 39 episodes of crisis after 34 weeks of pregnancy were studied. All subjects were evaluated with nonstress tests, biophysical profile score, and uterine and umbilical artery systolic/diastolic ratios during and after sickle cell crisis. Results revealed that the incidence of nonreactive nonstress tests was significantly higher during crisis compared with the period after crisis (58.9% vs 10.3%, p less than 0.05). The frequency of biophysical profile score less than 8 was significantly higher during crisis compared with after crisis (33.3% vs 7.7%, p less than 0.05). All subjects had an increase in uterine systolic/diastolic ratio during crisis. The average uterine systolic/diastolic ratio was 3.92 (range, 2.16 to 4.24) during crisis and 2.54 (range, 1.98 to 3.23) after crisis (p less than 0.05). In contrast, there was no significant change in the mean umbilical systolic/diastolic ratios during and after crisis (2.58 and 2.62, respectively). We conclude that, although sickle cell disease crisis is associated with a higher incidence of abnormal biophysical test results, in most patients these results will revert to normal after crisis. The increase in uterine vascular resistance without a concordant increase in umbilical vascular resistance suggests that the transient effects of sickling during crisis may not compromise umbilical blood flow. PMID:1951518

Anyaegbunam, A; Morel, M I; Merkatz, I R

1991-10-01

329

Blacks and the Toxics Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employs the case study approach to show how the Reagan Administration's assault on environmental policies more adversely affects blacks and other minority groups than whites. Reviews recent research that shows minorities heavily concentrated in dangerous occupations and communities where the risk of exposure to toxic pollutants is greatest. (JS)

Johnson, James H., Jr.; Oliver, Melvin L.

1989-01-01

330

There is no energy crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given as follows. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has twice stated that human activity is now causing a noticeable impact on the world's climate-primarily through the combustion of fossil fuels in the power and transportation sectors. These 2000 IPCC experts are countered by a smaller group of industry experts who disagree with the

P. Meisen

2002-01-01

331

Reviewing the definition of crisis in dementia care  

PubMed Central

Background Crisis is a term frequently used in dementia care lacking a standardized definition. This article systematically reviews existing definitions of crisis in dementia care literature to create a standardized definition that can be utilized for research, policy and clinical practice. Methods We systematically searched for articles containing definitions of crisis in the context of dementia care. We created an operational framework of crisis based on retrieved definitions. Recommendations to address crisis situations were reviewed and classified according to care settings. Results Abstracts and titles of 1,113 articles, screened from PubMed and EMBASE, were narrowed down to 27 articles. After review, crisis in dementia was defined as a process where a stressor causes an imbalance requiring an immediate decision to be made which leads to a desired outcome and therefore a resolution of the crisis. If the crisis is not resolved, the cycle continues. Recommendations for resolving crisis involving persons with dementia and their caregivers include awareness therapy after diagnosis and increased contact with general practitioners, case manager consultations, caregiver support and education. Furthermore, nursing home staff should be attuned to the environmental, physical and psychological needs of persons with dementia. Conclusions This is the first article to review the definition of crisis in the context of dementia care. A review of the literature indicated that the definition of a crisis is idiosyncratic. Therefore, it is difficult to prevent or plan for all crises. We used an operational framework to compile types of crisis stressors and recommendations from the crisis literature based on three different perspectives; the person with the dementia, the caregiver and the healthcare providers.

2013-01-01

332

Role of committed minorities in times of crisis.  

PubMed

The surprising social phenomena of the Arab Spring and the Occupy Wall Street movement posit the question of whether the active role of committed groups may produce political changes of significant importance. Under what conditions are the convictions of a minority going to dominate the future direction of a society? We address this question with the help of a Cooperative Decision Making model (CDMM) which has been shown to generate consensus through a phase-transition process. We observe that in a system of a finite size the global consensus state is not permanent and times of crisis occur when there is an ambiguity concerning a given social issue. The correlation function within the cooperative system becomes similarly extended as it is observed at criticality. This combination of independence (free will) and long-range correlation makes it possible for very small but committed minorities to produce substantial changes in social consensus. PMID:23455718

Turalska, Malgorzata; West, Bruce J; Grigolini, Paolo

2013-01-01

333

A practical guide to crisis management.  

PubMed

Family physicians often treat patients who are experiencing psychological or medical crises. Any event perceived as overwhelming by the patient may trigger a crisis reaction consisting of psychological and physiological symptoms. Physicians are encouraged to assist patients who are experiencing a crisis by: (1) providing reassurance and support; (2) evaluating the nature of the problem and determining the patient's mental, psychiatric, suicidal or homicidal, and medical statuses; (3) ensuring the safety of the patient and others; (4) assisting the patient in developing an action plan that minimizes distress, and obtaining patient commitment to the plan; and (5) following up with the patient and other relevant persons to ensure follow-through, assess progress, and provide additional assistance and support. Medication or referral for psychiatric or psychological counseling may be necessary for patients with continuing problems. PMID:17039753

Kavan, Michael G; Guck, Thomas P; Barone, Eugene J

2006-10-01

334

[Eight characteristics of leaders in crisis management].  

PubMed

Everything is changing in our daily life. The ancient Chinese philosopher, Sun Tzu, said "The art of war teaches us to rely not on the likelihood of the enemy's not coming, but on our own readiness to receive him". In the challenging environment of today, nursing administrators should prepare themselves by developing a range of skills to face the changing world. This article introduces Chinese and Western leadership theories and suggests eight key characteristics of successful leaders in health care. Equipped with these characteristics, nursing leaders should be able to collaborate with other professionals in their organization to manage any crisis. Success in crisis management also enhances an organization's general potential to succeed in this competitive world. PMID:16475066

Yen, Miaofen; Fang, Szu-Ting

2006-02-01

335

Energy gain induced by boundary crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider a nonlinear system and show the unexpected and surprising result that, even for high dissipation, the mean energy of a particle can attain higher values than when there is no dissipation in the system. We reconsider the time-dependent annular billiard in the presence of inelastic collisions with the boundaries. For some magnitudes of dissipation, we observe the phenomenon of boundary crisis, which drives the particles to an asymptotic attractive fixed point located at a value of energy that is higher than the mean energy of the nondissipative case and so much higher than the mean energy just before the crisis. We should emphasize that the unexpected results presented here reveal the importance of a nonlinear dynamics analysis to explain the paradoxical strategy of introducing dissipation in the system in order to gain energy.

Abud, C. Vieira; de Carvalho, R. Egydio

2011-09-01

336

Greece's health crisis: from austerity to denialism.  

PubMed

Greece's economic crisis has deepened since it was bailed out by the international community in 2010. The country underwent the sixth consecutive year of economic contraction in 2013, with its economy shrinking by 20% between 2008 and 2012, and anaemic or no growth projected for 2014. Unemployment has more than tripled, from 7·7% in 2008 to 24·3% in 2012, and long-term unemployment reached 14·4%. We review the background to the crisis, assess how austerity measures have affected the health of the Greek population and their access to public health services, and examine the political response to the mounting evidence of a Greek public health tragedy. PMID:24560058

Kentikelenis, Alexander; Karanikolos, Marina; Reeves, Aaron; McKee, Martin; Stuckler, David

2014-02-22

337

Hypertensive crisis: clinical–epidemiological profile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypertensive crisis (HC) stands out as one type of acute elevation in blood pressure (BP) and can manifest as hypertensive emergency (HE—with target-organ damage (TOD)) or hypertensive urgency (HU—without TOD), usually accompanied by levels of diastolic BP ?120 mm Hg. The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical–epidemiological profile of HC over the course of 1 year in

José Fernando Vilela-Martin; Renan Oliveira Vaz-de-Melo; Cristina Hiromi Kuniyoshi; André Neder Ramires Abdo; Juan Carlos Yugar-Toledo

2011-01-01

338

Model Stability and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the potential model instability problem with respect to mortgage default risk and examine to what extent it helps\\u000a explain the default shock during the recent crisis. We find that econometric default risk models based on historical data\\u000a can be unstable over time. Due to temporal shifts in the parameters, default prediction of the 2006 vintage subprime loans\\u000a based

Xudong An; Yongheng Deng; Eric Rosenblatt; Vincent W. Yao

339

Balance Sheet Adjustments during the 2008 Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper measures how securitized assets, including mortgage-backed securities and other asset-backed securities, have shifted across financial institutions during this crisis and how the availability of financing has accommodated such shifts. Sectors dependent on repo financing—in particular, the hedge fund sector—have reduced asset holdings, while the commercial banking sector, which has had access to more stable funding sources, has increased

Zhiguo He; In Gu Khang; Arvind Krishnamurthy

2008-01-01

340

Balance Sheet Adjustments during the 2008 Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper measures how securitized assets, including mortgage-backed securities and other asset-backed securities, have shifted across financial institutions during this crisis and how the availability of financing has accommodated such shifts. Sectors dependent on repo financing—in particular, the hedge fund sector—have reduced asset holdings, while the commercial banking sector, which has had access to more stable funding sources, has increased

Zhiguo He; In Gu Khang; Arvind Krishnamurthy

2010-01-01

341

The continuing North Korean nuclear crisis  

SciTech Connect

The confrontation between North Korea and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) over the right to fully inspect Pyongyang`s nuclear facilities has continued for over a year now. Recent diplomatic activities and statements have prompted a new look at the ongoing crisis. On May 5 the Arms Control Association (ACA) held a news conference to examine North Korea`s refusal to abide by its commitments under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and to assess recent developments.

NONE

1994-06-01

342

Hypertensive crisis during pregnancy and postpartum period.  

PubMed

Hypertension affects 10% of pregnancies, many with underlying chronic hypertension, and approximately 1-2% will undergo a hypertensive crisis at some point during their lives. Hypertensive crisis includes hypertensive urgency and emergency; the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists describes a hypertensive emergency in pregnancy as persistent (lasting 15 min or more), acute-onset, severe hypertension, defined as systolic BP greater than 160 mmHg or diastolic BP >110 mmHg in the setting of pre-eclampsia or eclampsia. Pregnancy may be complicated by hypertensive crisis, with lower blood pressure threshold for end-organ damage than non-pregnant patients. Maternal assessment should include a thorough history. Fetal assessment should include heart rate tracing, ultrasound for growth and amniotic assessment, and Doppler evaluation if growth restriction is suspected. Initial management of hypertensive emergency (systolic BP >160 mmHg or diastolic BP >110 mmHg in the setting of pre-eclampsia or eclampsia) generally includes the rapid reduction of blood pressure through the use of intravenous antihypertensive medications, with goal systolic blood pressure between 140 mmHg and 150 mmHg and diastolic pressure between 90 mmHg and 100 mmHg. First-line intravenous drugs include labetalol and hydralazine, but other agents may be used, including esmolol, nicardipine, nifedipine, and, as a last resort, sodium nitroprusside. Among patients with hypertensive urgency, slower blood pressure reduction can be provided with oral agents. The objective of this article is to review the current understanding, diagnosis, and management of hypertensive crisis during pregnancy and the postpartum period. PMID:23916027

Too, Gloria T; Hill, James B

2013-08-01

343

Crisis communication. Lessons from 9/11.  

PubMed

The sheer enormity of last year's terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon gave new meaning to the term "crisis management." Suddenly, companies near Ground Zero, as well as those more than a thousand miles away, needed a plan. Because the disasters disrupted established channels not only between businesses and customers but between businesses and employees, internal crisis-communications strategies that could be quickly implemented became a key responsibility of top management. Without these strategies, employees' trauma and confusion might have immobilized their firms and set their customers adrift. In this article, executives from a range of industries talk about how their companies, including Morgan Stanley, Oppenheimer Funds, American Airlines, Verizon, the New York Times, Dell, and Starbucks, went about restoring operations and morale. From his interviews with these individuals, author and management professor Paul Argenti was able to distill a number of lessons, each of which, he says, may "serve as guideposts for any company facing a crisis that undermines its employees' composure, confidence, or concentration." His advice to senior executives includes: Maintain high levels of visibility, so that employees are certain of top management's command of the situation and concern; establish contingency communication channels and work sites; strive to keep employees focused on the business itself, because a sense of usefulness enhances morale and good morale enhances usefulness; and ensure that employees have absorbed the firm's values, which will guide them as they cope with the unpredictable. The most forward-thinking leaders realize that managing a crisis-communications program requires the same dedication and resources they give to other dimensions of their business. More important, they realize that their employees always come first. PMID:12510542

Argenti, Paul

2002-12-01

344

Germany and America: Crisis of confidence  

SciTech Connect

The paper examines the deterioration in German-American relations. The reasons for this downturn in German-American relations are quite simple. Washington views the Persian Gulf crisis as a defining moment in European-American relations and in the creation of a new world order. It is also the first diplomatic test of a unified Germany and a new German-American relationship. It is a test that Germany is thus far seen as having failed for three reasons. First, from the outset many Americans sensed that Germans did not comprehend what this crisis meant for the United States. A second and, in many ways, more worrying factor was the growing sense that the Germans were not being good Europeans. The third and most serious American concern, however, was the unsettling appearance of a very selective German definition of collective defense and common security. The result has been a crisis of confidence in the performance of the German political elite that goes beyond the problems in German-American relations during the early 1980s and the INF debate.

Asmus, R.D.

1991-02-01

345

Impact of the economic crisis on the health of older persons in Spain: research clues based on an analysis of mortality. SESPAS report 2014.  

PubMed

Older adults are seldom considered in studies on the health impact of economic recessions or crises. However, they constitute a population group that is highly vulnerable to decreases in investment in health and social services and social security. Our aim is to examine the relationship between the economic crisis starting in 2008 and the health status of older adults in Spain. More specifically, we analyze changes in trends of mortality in relation to the crisis, the specific impact of winter on mortality and gender differences in the crisis' impact on mortality. Using data from the National Institute of Statistics of Spain on people over 60 years of age, the number of monthly deaths by age and sex from January 2005 to December 2012 was analyzed. Interrupted time series analyses and the "difference in differences" method were used. During the crisis, for adults 60 years and older: 1) the observed mortality seems to be decreasing at a slower rate than what would have been expected in the absence of the crisis; 2) there has been an increase in winter mortality; 3) the impact of the crisis has been greater for female than for male mortality. These results suggest sizable effects of the economic crisis on the mortality of older adults and argue for research done using more detailed analyses integrating economic indicators. PMID:24864003

Benmarhnia, Tarik; Zunzunegui, Maria-Victoria; Llácer, Alicia; Béland, Francois

2014-06-01

346

The role of crisis intervention in an airport disaster plan.  

PubMed

The impact of disasters on the psychological adjustment of individuals is discussed. In most cases the traditional "mental illness model" is not appropriate for viewing problems resulting from crisis. Rather, the psychological symptoms are viewed as transitional and are qualitatively different from traditional mental disorder. Severe crisis state, often produced by cataclysmic events, can be lessened in magnitude and reduced in time by crisis intervention treatment as soon as possible following the disaster. The primary goals of crisis intervention are symptom relief and development of stress management attitudes. The applicability of the crisis intervention approach for managing the psychological problems of a major aircraft disaster are discussed. The crisis intervention plan for the Minneapolis-St. Paul Airport Disaster Program is discussed. PMID:7194033

Butcher, J N

1980-11-01

347

The State of Albania  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These reports from the International Crisis Group (ICG) provide information about the volatile socio-political situation in the South Balkans, specifically in the nations of Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. The State of Albania summarizes the current political, social, and economic conditions in Albania.

1999-01-01

348

Simulation of Critical ICT Infrastructure for Municipal Crisis Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Crisis management benefits tremendously from simulation, especially during the planning and testing. At the same time an often overlooked aspect of crisis management is the key role of telecommunication. This paper describes the work done at NASK with the goal of implementing a simulator of the consequences of threats to the ICT (Information and Communication Technology) infrastructure, as a part of a large simulation environment for crisis management in a large urban area (specifically the Warsaw agglomeration).

Kozakiewicz, Adam; Felkner, Anna; Kruk, Tomasz Jordan

349

[Psychic crisis care in the emergency room nursing staff's view].  

PubMed

This study was aimed at finding out the nursing staff's view about psychic crisis care in an emergency room unit. This is a qualitative study that used the application of semi-structured interviews as data collecting technique. Five nursing professionals that worked in the emergency room during the morning and afternoon shifts participated in the research. Data analysis was conducted based on the discussion of the following categories: concept of crisis for the emergency room team and the different suffering expressions and therapeutic resources to face and minimize the crisis' burdens. Professionals usually justify their difficulties on treating a psychic crisis due to lack of time, space and proper training. PMID:23405805

Borges, Leandro da Rosa; de Pinho, Leandro Barbosa; Lacchini, Annie Jeanninne Bisso; Schneider, Jacó Fernando

2012-09-01

350

Symptomatology in Adolescents Following Initial Disclosure of Sexual Abuse: The Roles of Crisis Support, Appraisals and Coping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The present study examined possible explanations for symptom development and variability in sexually abused adolescents. A theoretical model of sexual abuse, in which appraisal, coping and crisis support play prominent roles, was tested in a clinical group of 100 sexually abused adolescents. Method: Participants, aged 12-18 years,…

Bal, Sarah; Crombez, Geert; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Van Oost, Paulette

2009-01-01

351

Applying Roberts' Triple ABCD Model in the aftermath of crisis-inducing and trauma-inducing community disasters.  

PubMed

Natural and man-made community disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, school shootings, and mass terrorist attacks, heavily impact the safety, mental health, and well-being of large numbers of individuals, families and groups. Millions of individuals who experience acute crisis episodes or psychological trauma are not consistently provided with the early psychological interventions they urgently need. There is a critical need for tools and a framework to quickly and effectively promote interventions. This article presents one such effort, the Roberts' Triple ABCD Model. This model is an up-to-date and integrated conceptual framework that helps to provide the foundation for developing a unified standard of care for crisis and disaster mental health interventions. This model can be useful in determining which early intervention methods and techniques are most likely to reduce traumatic stress, treat acute crisis and psychosocial symptoms, and promote recovery. PMID:16944790

Roberts, Albert R

2006-01-01

352

Efficacy of treatment for hyperglycemic crisis in elderly diabetic patients in a day hospital  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to compare the costs of day hospital (DH) care for hyperglycemic crisis in elderly diabetic patients with those of conventional hospitalization (CH). Secondary objectives were to compare these two clinical scenarios in terms of glycemic control, number of emergency and outpatient visits, readmissions, hypoglycemic episodes, and nosocomial morbidity. Methods The study population comprised diabetic patients aged >74 years consecutively admitted to a tertiary teaching hospital in Spain for hyperglycemic crisis (sustained hyperglycemia [>300 mg/dL] for at least 3 days with or without ketosis). The patients were assigned to DH or CH care according to time of admission and were followed for 6 months after discharge. Exclusion criteria were ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar crisis, hemodynamic instability, severe intercurrent illness, social deprivation, or Katz index >D. Results Sixty-four diabetic patients on DH care and 36 on CH care were included, with no differences in baseline characteristics. The average cost per patient was 1,345.1±793.6 € in the DH group and 2,212.4±982.5 € in the CH group (P<0.001). There were no differences in number of subjects with mild hypoglycemia during follow-up (45.3% DH versus 33.3% CH, P=0.24), nor in the percentage of patients achieving a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <8% (67.2% DH versus 58.3% CH, P=0.375). Readmissions for hyperglycemic crisis and pressure ulcer rates were significantly higher in the CH group. Conclusion DH care for hyperglycemic crises is more cost-effective than CH care, with a net saving of 1,418.4 € per case, lower number of readmissions and pressure ulcer rates, and similar short-term glycemic control and hypoglycemia rates.

Benaiges, D; Chillaron, JJ; Carrera, MJ; Cots, F; Puig de Dou, J; Corominas, E; Pedro-Botet, J; Flores-Le Roux, JA; Claret, C; Goday, A; Cano, JF

2014-01-01

353

Rapid Population Maps for Crisis Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Population numbers are crucial information in the aftermath of a natural disaster\\u000a . Questions like how many people are affected, how many survived and how many would need prolonged assistance are key issues\\u000a for crisis response\\u000a and reconstruction. However, information and accurate figures on where people live and population\\u000a characteristics are not always available, especially in developing countries.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a A methodology

Gunter Zeug; Olaf Kranz; Sandra Eckert

354

Crisis management can leave residual effects.  

PubMed

A healthcare organization that once suffered from poor financial performance may fail to correct recovery methods that can cause lingering legal and accounting problems. A crisis management style is prone to creating problems with an organization's debt structure, Medicare and Medicaid payment, tax issues, labor relations, licensing and accreditation, compliance with fraud and abuse rules, and accounting for charity care. After stabilizing a worrisome financial situation, a healthcare organization should conduct an internal audit to ensure that its legal and accounting practices remain above board. PMID:10145510

Margolis, G L; DeMuro, P R

1991-10-01

355

Suburban mobility: the coming transportation crisis  

SciTech Connect

Changing metropolitan growth patterns have fundamentally altered the nature of the traffic congestion problem. Traffic jams have migrated to the suburbs and now threaten to undermine the very mobility that lured people in the first place out of the crowded cities. However, the looming crisis may contain the seeds of its own solution. Concern about mounting congestion is mobilizing the private sector to join forces with local government in search of new solutions. Emerging from this process is a wealth of creative approaches that offer the best hope yet of finding effective ways to maintain suburban mobility.

Orski, C.K.

1985-04-01

356

Mid-life Crisis: Growth or Stagnation.  

PubMed

Mid-life has developmental stages and particular tasks that must be successfully completed for growth to continue and psychological stagnation to be avoided. Characteristic of different phases of mid-life are three stages of ego mastery: alloplastic mastery is associated with early adulthood, autoplastic mastery is associated with maturity, and omniplastic mastery is found in old age. A special perspective on one's life and a need to examine one's life are found in mid-life. Difficulties can occur in dealing with this phase and the family physician can be of significant help to his patients who are working through the mid-life crisis. PMID:20468848

Martin, R; Prosen, H

1972-11-01

357

Mid-life Crisis: Growth or Stagnation  

PubMed Central

Mid-life has developmental stages and particular tasks that must be successfully completed for growth to continue and psychological stagnation to be avoided. Characteristic of different phases of mid-life are three stages of ego mastery: alloplastic mastery is associated with early adulthood, autoplastic mastery is associated with maturity, and omniplastic mastery is found in old age. A special perspective on one's life and a need to examine one's life are found in mid-life. Difficulties can occur in dealing with this phase and the family physician can be of significant help to his patients who are working through the mid-life crisis.

Martin, Robert; Prosen, Harry

1972-01-01

358

Dark Energy: A Crisis for Fundamental Physics  

SciTech Connect

Astrophysical observations provide robust evidence that our current picture of fundamental physics is incomplete. The discovery in 1998 that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating (apparently due to gravitational repulsion between regions of empty space!) presents us with a profound challenge, at the interface between gravity and quantum mechanics. This "Dark Energy" problem is arguably the most pressing open question in modern fundamental physics. The first talk will describe why the Dark Energy problem constitutes a crisis, with wide-reaching ramifications. One consequence is that we should probe our understanding of gravity at all accessible scales, and the second talk will present experiments and observations that are exploring this issue.

Stubbs, Christopher (Harvard) [Harvard

2010-04-12

359

The Carbon Crisis: An Evolutionary Perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By the 'carbon crisis' I mean the coupled crises of the depletion of the highest-EROI sources of fossil fuels and the global warming caused by our use of those fossil fuels. (EROI means 'energy return on energy investment'; Hall 2011.) While global warming is arguably more urgent, either of these factors would sooner or later be sufficient by itself to call a halt to our global-scale, energy-intensive, high technology economy. In lethal combination, they threaten to drastically reduce the capacity of the planet to support 7+ billion talking hominids. I will pull the camera back for a very long view and characterize the carbon crisis and our possible responses to it from an evolutionary and ecological perspective. It remains unclear why sapiens emerged rather suddenly as the most successful member of the family Homo about 50 to 60 kya; some argue that this neurological explosion could be due to our ancestors having survived the rigors of the Toba population bottleneck, which presumably would have favoured high adaptability (Ambrose 1998). Whatever the cause, Paleolithic humans deployed an unprecedented combination of technological and social ingenuity (the capacity for adaptive social organization; Homer-Dixon 2001). Aided by the relatively benign climate of the Holocene and ultimately by our increasing ability to tap into the resources of the 'found' ecology, especially the vast stores of hydrocarbons bequeathed by the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras, our population has grown exponentially to its present unsteady pinnacle of (possibly) temporary reproductive success. The question now is what happens next. It was human ingenuity that got us through the ice age, put footprints on the Moon, and brought us to this crisis point; now, only human ingenuity (both social and technical) can get us past it. Our species will finally achieve a sustainable mode of existence on this planet when (in E. Odum's words; 1973) 'the present-day concept of ';unlimited exploitation of resources'' gives way to 'unlimited ingenuity in perpetuating a cyclic abundance of resources.' Unfortunately, the human animal is susceptible to powerful social pathologies and cognitive biases which often tend to inhibit the exercise of ingenuity precisely when it is needed the most. (The sorry history of collapsed cultures of the past bears witness to this fact; Tainter 1988, Diamond 2005.) I will examine the nature of such inhibiting pathologies (which include climate science denialism!) and suggest ways around them (the most effective of which, ultimately, will probably turn out to be education). In the deepest analysis, what we need the most in order to get past the carbon crisis is not merely zero-emissions energy sources, but ingenuity in the fostering of human ingenuity.

Peacock, K.

2013-12-01

360

EDITORIAL: Crisis management - and creation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the time of writing an ad hoc group set up by a governmental quango - the Schools Curriculum and Assessment Authority - is rewriting the subject cores for AS and A-level physics. The current version was introduced to general disapprobation from informed users, and especially from the Institute of Physics, and was examined for the first time in 1996. The main points of criticism of the current subject core were that it is too prescriptive, too large (especially at AS) and preserves an old-fashioned view of physics. It was seen as essentially all rather boring and quite unlikely to make it easier for teachers to attract more students into A-level physics courses. The core will, presumably, form the bulk of the new-style AS levels, an intriguingly innovative feature of the Dearing 16 - 19 proposals that, in principle, provides an opportunity to revitalize post-16 physics for a wide variety of potential users. But the other predicted consequence of a nationally (legally) prescribed core was a kind of instant fossilization of curriculum development and innovation. Creativity is effectively banned. Taking risks becomes unthinkable. Taken in conjunction with the less well known (except to examiners) increasingly close bureaucratic supervision of the examining process itself, the aim seems to be consistent mediocrity rather than the adventurous exploration of physics at what must be one of the most exciting (and rapidly changing) times in its history. The September issue of this journal dealt with some aspects of the new thinking about an education in (and through) physics, in the context of the IoP initiative to produce a modern physics curriculum for the year 2000. It is foreseeably improbable that the new subject core will be such as to encourage creative initiatives, other than by a third-law reaction effect. I am told that the ad hoc committee (membership unknown) will work for at least three whole days to produce the core; it will then be submitted for approval by yet more unknown persons. But we live in a democracy, and the new core will be put out for consultation. This will take place between November 1st and 20th, and so will be over, more or less, by the time you read this Editorial. Ordinary teachers of physics are unlikely to be asked for opinions. However, the Institute's informal rapid response team will do their best to represent the interests not only of its members but of the wider physics community. The question remains, however, as to why such rapid reactions are necessary. Surely now is the time to reflect upon the consequences of the rushed initiatives of the past eight years or so in education, and indeed undertake a professional, independent evaluation of them. But our rulers seem incapable of doing other than create crises, and then managing the crises they create by creating even more. There are of course alternatives to this, as could easily be discovered by looking north of Hadrian's Wall, where change is taking placed in a managed, courteous fashion, and where the numbers of students studying physics post-16 is gently increasing. The Scottish Office Education Department has recently taken part in an OECD study of curriculum innovation in 13 countries. The department reports some key findings in the Scottish initiative which are in fact common to all the successful initiatives reported [1, 2]. The message is clear: curriculum change will fail - either completely or at least in reaching the anticipated outcome fully - if certain requirements are not met. The most significant of these, reported in the OECD study, are: Teachers will respond to challenges to become involved in curriculum innovation and to acquire new skills and competences if they are given encouragement and reassurance that they will be well supported in their efforts. Innovation must be systemic, i.e. showing an awareness that many aspects of education are interrelated (so that a change in one affects others). Teacher involvement is vital (how teachers make sense of it is what really matters; they need not only support but time for r

Dobson Honorary Editor, Ken

1996-11-01

361

Oil and Security in Nigeria: The Niger Delta Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines oil and security in Nigeria, with special reference to the crisis-ravaged Niger Delta. Its focus on the Niger Delta and its festering crisis stems from that region's critical importance to Nigeria. As the nation's treasure base, the Niger Delta provides over 80 percent of government revenues, 95 percent of export receipts, and 90 percent of foreign exchange

Olayiwola Owolabi; Iwebunor Okwechime

2007-01-01

362

The Preparation of School Psychologists for Crisis Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School psychologists were surveyed regarding the following aspects of crisis intervention: university preparation, continuing professional development, and current involvement with school crisis plans. Of those receiving university training, 58% believed they were minimally or not at all prepared to deal with school crises. Suicide, violence, and…

Allen, Melissa; Jerome, Annette; White, Adrianne; Martson, Stephanie; Lamb, Shannon; Pope, Debbi; Rawlins, Carrie

2002-01-01

363

Scale of Viability and Minimal Time of Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we introduce and study the minimal time of a crisis map which measures the minimal time spent outside a given closed domain of constraints by trajectory solutions of a differential inclusion. The interest of such a notion is basically to tackle simultaneously viability and target issues. The main mathematical result characterizes the epigraph of the crisis map

L. Doyen; P. Saint-Pierre

1997-01-01

364

The Financial Crisis and The Geography of Wealth Transfers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the geography of wealth transfers during the 2008 global financial crisis. We construct valuation changes on bilateral external positions in equity, direct investment and portfolio debt at the height of the crisis to map who benefited and who lost on their external exposure. We find a very diverse set of fortunes governed by the structure of countries'

Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas; Helene Rey; Kai Truempler

2011-01-01

365

The Financial Crisis and the Geography of Wealth Transfers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the geography of wealth transfers during the 2008 global financial crisis. We construct valuation changes on bilateral external positions in equity, direct investment and portfolio debt at the height of the crisis to map who benefited and who lost on their external exposure. We find a very diverse set of fortunes governed by the structure of countries'

Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas; Hélène Rey; Kai Alexander Truempler

2011-01-01

366

Presidential Perspectives of Crisis Preparedness at Christian Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crises, whether human or natural, occur on all college campuses. Extensive research has been conducted on crisis preparedness at four-year, nondenominational institutions. This study examined crisis preparedness at Christian institutions of higher education. The study examined the perspectives of presidents of Christian institutions of higher…

Burrell, Stacy M.; Heiselt, April K.

2012-01-01

367

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT IN CRISIS SITUATION, PILOT STUDY REGARDING ROMANIAN PRACTICE  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors propose to approach the main levels of company financial management in a systemic financial crisis situation outside the enterprise and not those related to the effects of the internal management. To give a dimension of the concern existing at the level of Romanian companies regarding the management of financial situation crisis, a pilot study was

Dumitrescu Dalina; Rasca Lavinia

368

Child and Family Policies in a Time of Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the beginning of 2008, a number of the world's major economies began to experience the effects of the biggest economic financial crisis in history. By the end of that year, the financial crisis was a global recession, and governments responded with changes to a suite of social and economic policies. Two broad stages of government response are…

Richardson, Dominic

2010-01-01

369

Utilization of medical care following the Three Mile Island crisis  

SciTech Connect

Four studies are reported on how utilization of primary health care was affected by the Three Mile Island (TMI) crisis and subsequent distress experienced by persons living in the vicinity of the plant. The studies concerned: 1) Blue Cross-Blue Shield records of claims by primary care physicians in the vicinity of TMI; 2) utilization rates in a family practice located near the facility; 3) interviews with persons living within five miles of TMI following the crisis; and 4) responses to a questionnaire by primary care physicians practicing within 25 miles of TMI. All four studies indicated only slight increases in utilization rates during the year following the crisis. One study found that persons who were upset during the crisis tended to be high practice utilizers both before and after the crisis. These results suggest that, while patterns of physician utilization prior to the TMI crisis predicted emotional response during the crisis, the impact of the TMI crisis on subsequent physician utilization was small.

Houts, P.S.; Hu, T.W.; Henderson, R.A.; Cleary, P.D.; Tokuhata, G.

1984-02-01

370

Crisis Management and Its Impact on Destination Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the crisis management procedures utilized by four specific Convention and Visitors Bureaus in a variety of disaster situations and locations across the United States. The crises studied are representative of both man-made and natural disasters, and occurred in destinations in which tourism plays a significant role. From these case studies, a comprehensive set of crisis management procedures

Whitney Blaire Young; Rhonda J. Montgomery

1997-01-01

371

Utilization of medical care following the Three Mile Island crisis.  

PubMed Central

Four studies are reported on how utilization of primary health care was affected by the Three Mile Island (TMI) crisis and subsequent distress experienced by persons living in the vicinity of the plant. The studies concerned: 1) Blue Cross-Blue Shield records of claims by primary care physicians in the vicinity of TMI; 2) utilization rates in a family practice located near the facility; 3) interviews with persons living within five miles of TMI following the crisis; and 4) responses to a questionnaire by primary care physicians practicing within 25 miles of TMI. All four studies indicated only slight increases in utilization rates during the year following the crisis. One study found that persons who were upset during the crisis tended to be high practice utilizers both before and after the crisis. These results suggest that, while patterns of physician utilization prior to the TMI crisis predicted emotional response during the crisis, the impact of the TMI crisis on subsequent physician utilization was small.

Houts, P S; Hu, T W; Henderson, R A; Cleary, P D; Tokuhata, G

1984-01-01

372

Decision making in advance of a supply chain crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a qualitative method to examine why complex supply chain crises occur, to aid in future development of a model and theory of supply chain crisis management. The lack of analysis of crisis events in supply chains and their underlying causes is to be addressed. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper analyzes various

Brad Hittle; Karen Moustafa Leonard

2011-01-01

373

Midlife Crisis in Men: Affective Organization of Personal Meanings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to explore the specific affective organization of personal meanings in midlife crisis in men. Midlife crisis is described as a process of intensive transition of the self including the reinterpretation of time perspective, reevaluation of life values and goals, confrontation with death as a personal event in the future, and planning of the second

Hubert J. M. Hermans; Piotr K. Oles

1999-01-01

374

Midlife Crisis in Men: Affective Organization of Personal Meanings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to explore thespecific affective organization of personal meanings inmidlife crisis in men. Midlife crisis is described as aprocess of intensive transition of the self including the reinterpretation of timeperspective, reevaluation of life values and goals,confrontation with death as a personal event in thefuture, and planning of the second half of life.Personal meanings referring to

Hubert J. M. Hermans; Piotr K. Oles

1999-01-01

375

Age, and Midcareer Crisis: An Empirical Study of Academics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the midlife career/crisis transition period of academic staff surveyed in four Australian Universities. Supports a generalized career stage model and a specific career stage model of academic staff, who are shown to be particularly susceptible to the midlife crisis/transition phenomenon. (Author/JAC)

Entrekin, L.V.; Everett, J.E.

1981-01-01

376

Coping with Crisis: Teaching Students Managerial and Ethical Constraints.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a three-week section of a business communication course on the strategies of crisis communication. Provides background on the emergence of the field, a summary of several notable case studies for possible consideration, and suggestions on how crisis communication can be successfully integrated into the business communication curriculum.…

Barton, Laurence

1990-01-01

377

Scientific Argument in Organizational Crisis Communication: The Case of Exxon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the context of the Valdez disaster in terms of an organizational crisis. Discusses the nature of scientific argument and the norms of scientific ethos as they represent an appropriate standard for measuring the ethics of profit-seeking organizations during times of crisis. (NH)

Sellnow, Timothy L.

1993-01-01

378

A Proposed Solution to the Scholarly Communications Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After reviewing the history and parameters of the scholarly communications crisis, particularly in regard to skyrocketing prices for journals in the natural sciences, the author reviews and rejects previously attempted solutions. He then employs the principles of game theory in proposing a new solution to the crisis.

Schatzle, Chad

2005-01-01

379

School Crisis Teams within an Incident Command System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the increasing attention given to the need for schools to be prepared to respond in a variety of crisis situations, there is a lack of information about how to coordinate with multiple agencies following a crisis. This article describes the U. S. Department of Homeland Security's (2004) National Incident Management System and its Incident…

Nickerson, Amanda B.; Brock, Stephen E.; Reeves, Melissa A.

2006-01-01

380

Mapping a Crisis, One Text Message at a Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interactive mapping project is revolutionizing the way crises are reported and managed, and is spotlighting the value of citizen journalism. The project, called Ushahidi, which means testimony in Swahili, uses crowdsourcing (gathering information from a large number of people) to map crisis information. This crisis mapping tool has since been…

Bauduy, Jennifer

2010-01-01

381

Crisis communicative strategies in Taiwan: Category, continuum, and cultural implication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is twofold: (1) to investigate crisis communicative strategies (CCSs) in a Chinese context, and (2) to develop a model integrating the measures, categories, and continuum of CCS. A survey of public relations and public affairs managers from Taiwan's top-500 companies was undertaken to examine actual experiences of handling crises. The results showed that five crisis

Yi-Hui Huang; Ying-Hsuan Lin; Shih-Hsin Su

2005-01-01

382

Contingency, conflict, crisis: Strategy selection of religious public relations professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

A national survey among religious public relations practitioners working for mainstream Protestant Christian churches was undertaken to examine strategic options in a conflict or crisis. Religious public relations professionals tend to employ collaborating, contending or compromising in a conflict with a given public, while they are likely to use concession or corrective action in a crisis. Internal contingent factors are

Jae-Hwa Shin

2008-01-01

383

Identifying the Predictors for Financial Crisis Using Gibbs Sampler  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Asian financial crisis broke out in Thailand in July 1997, and rapidly spread throughout the neighboring countries. An important question then arises? Is it possible to predict next financial crisis? If yes, then what are the predictors? The answer lies in combined usage of economic theory and econometric methods. By using the economic theory, one can locate possible potential

Jin-Lung Lin; Chung-Shu Wu

2001-01-01

384

Identifying the Predictors for Financial Crisis Using Gibbs Sampler  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Asian financial crisis broke out in Thailand in July 1997, and rapidly spread throughout the neighboring countries. An important question then arises? Is it possible to predict next financial crisis? If yes, then what are the predictors? The answer lies in combined usage of economic theory and econometric methods. By using the economic theory, one can locate possible potential

Jin-Lung Lin; Chung-Shu Wu

2003-01-01

385

Not just a mortgage crisis: how finance maimed society  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mortgage meltdown that began in 2007 quickly transformed into a credit crisis and then into a broader economic crisis. The dramatic rise in home prices over the previous decade was unprece- dented in American history, as during the century prior to 1998 house prices had merely kept pace with inflation (Shiller, 2006). Yet the expectations of home owners and

Gerald F. Davis

2010-01-01

386

Nepal's Conservation in Crisis: Empowering People to Secure Natural Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nepal's decades of conservation efforts are at risk due to armed conflict in the country. The conservation model based on the foundation of strict protection has been found insufficient during present political crisis as protected areas enjoy no or little public support. Many protected areas are showing 'paper park syndromes'. Crisis also offers a great opportunity to conservation agencies to

Prabhu Budhathoki

2003-01-01

387

Classroom Crisis Counseling in the Aftermath of School Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous counseling needs are generated in the aftermath of school crises, particularly crises involving school violence. Meeting these needs can be assisted when school psychologists involve classroom teachers in the planning and implementation of crisis counseling. This paper provides information about a crisis counseling intervention model…

Paris, Norma Jean

388

Crisis: Urban Education. Viewer's Guide to the PBS Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides a description of "Crisis: Urban Education," a series of four half-hour documentaries, aired on public television stations and produced by Thirteen-WNET, that explore the human side of the educational crisis. The series described in this guide presents the latest thinking of school reform experts, and highlights bold and…

Thirteen WNET, New York, NY.

389

Human-GIS interaction issues in crisis response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geospatial information systems (GIS) provide a central infrastructure for computer supported crisis management in terms of database, analytical models and visualization tools, but the user interfaces of such systems are still hard to use, and do not address the special needs of crisis managers who often work in teams and make judgments and decisions under stress. This paper articulates the

Guoray Cai; Rajeev Sharma; Alan M. MacEachren; Isaac Brewer

2006-01-01

390

Crisis Communication and Recovery for the Tourism Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the number of disasters and crises affecting the tourism industry increases, it is becoming necessary to understand the nature of these disasters and how to manage and limit the impacts of such incidents. This paper defines crises and disasters before discussing the area of crisis communication management and crisis communication in the tourism industry. The paper then applies the

Brent W. Ritchie; Humphrey Dorrell; Daniela Miller; Graham A. Miller

2004-01-01

391

Tailoring disaster mental health services to diverse needs: an analysis of 36 crisis counseling projects.  

PubMed

The federal Crisis Counseling Program (CCP) funds states' delivery of mental health services after disasters. These services are provided by social workers, other mental health professionals, and paraprofessionals from the local community. The present study examined whether CCP grant recipients that reported more tailoring of their interventions to the needs of diverse community segments achieved greater community penetration. The study reviewed archival records from 36 crisis counseling projects ending between 1996 and 2001. Numbers of clients and client ethnicity were determined through service logs. Tailoring ofservices was determined by content coding of projects' reports. Community demographics were determined from census data. Fifty-six percent of the projects reported using three or more tailoring strategies, suggesting a "precompetence" or greater stage of cultural competence. The proportion of members of racial or ethnic minority groups among program clients closely matched the proportion in grantees' communities. Projects that reported more types of tailored activities reached more clients and served more members ofminority groups. These findings confirm that adapting crisis counseling services to diverse local needs is associated with greater community penetration of mental health services. PMID:20853648

Rosen, Craig S; Greene, Carolyn J; Young, Helena E; Norris, Fran H

2010-08-01

392

Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath.  

PubMed

The Permian-Triassic mass extinction was the most severe biotic crisis in the past 500 million years. Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain the crisis, but few account for the spectrum of extinction selectivity and subsequent recovery. Here we show that selective losses are best accounted for by a combination of lethally warm, shallow waters and anoxic deep waters that acted to severely restrict the habitable area to a narrow mid-water refuge zone. The relative tolerance of groups to this double whammy provides the first clear explanation for the selective extinction losses during this double-pulsed crisis and also the fitful recovery. Thus, high temperature intolerant shallow-water dwellers, such as corals, large foraminifers and radiolarians were eliminated first whilst high temperature tolerant ostracods thrived except in anoxic deeper-waters. In contrast, hypoxia tolerant but temperature intolerant small foraminifers were driven from shallow-waters but thrived on dysoxic slopes margins. Only those mollusc groups, which are tolerant of both hypoxia and high temperatures, were able to thrive in the immediate aftermath of the extinction. Limited Early Triassic benthic recovery was restricted to mid-water depths and coincided with intervals of cooling and deepening of water column anoxia that expanded the habitable mid-water refuge zone. PMID:24549265

Song, Haijun; Wignall, Paul B; Chu, Daoliang; Tong, Jinnan; Sun, Yadong; Song, Huyue; He, Weihong; Tian, Li

2014-01-01

393

A comparison of screen-based simulation and conventional lectures for undergraduate teaching of crisis management.  

PubMed

In our institution, we introduced a screen-based simulator to our undergraduate lectures on medical crisis management. We hypothesised that this novel use of the screen-based simulator would be as effective as our conventional lectures. To test this we randomly divided medical students into two groups. Students in Group A were taught medical crisis management (heart failure and anaphylaxis) using a screen-based simulation program projected onto a shared screen, with a facilitator guiding the students through the scenarios. Simultaneously, students in Group B were lectured the same content without the screen-based simulation. Both groups were allotted exactly one hour Several days later, students were tested on their management of anaphylaxis using the Human Patient Simulator. A blinded marker assessed them on diagnosis, resuscitation, specific treatment, call for help and for reassessment of the patient. Students also answered a questionnaire on their experience. Sixty-four students participated in the study. Both groups had similar overall scores. However students in Group A scored better in the specific treatment category by a factor of 1.7. Students in both groups rated their learning experiences highly. This study showed that screen-based simulation was as effective as conventional lectures and might be even more effective in some areas. PMID:18714627

Tan, G-M; Ti, L K; Tan, K; Lee, T

2008-07-01

394

A randomized trial: are care navigators effective in connecting patients to primary care after psychiatric crisis?  

PubMed

Persons with serious mental illnesses suffer excess medical morbidity compared to the general population. This RCT aimed to determine whether navigators are effective in helping patients connect to primary care after psychiatric crisis. Adults presenting for emergency care were randomly assigned to a navigator versus usual care. Navigators facilitated access to primary care. Outcomes were connection rates to medical care and the impact of health insurance, hospitalization and mental health care on primary care attendance. After 1 year, the intervention group was statistically more likely to access care, versus controls (62.4 vs. 37.6%, P < .001). Navigators were effective in helping patients connect to primary care after a psychiatric crisis. Improved access to primary care is important given the complex chronic health problems of this vulnerable cohort. PMID:20204511

Griswold, Kim S; Homish, Gregory G; Pastore, Patricia A; Leonard, Kenneth E

2010-08-01

395

Improving resistance and resiliency through crisis intervention training.  

PubMed

To our knowledge no research has been done on the impact of crisis intervention training programs on resistance and resiliency. This paper describes the use of a localized crisis intervention course and its impact on resistance and resiliency in the participants after 2 days of training. Participants attending the localized version of ICISF Individual Crisis Intervention and Peer Support courses participated in a pre-course quiz and a post-course quiz. The overall resistance and resiliency scores improved at the end of the localized 2-Day Individual Crisis Intervention and Peer Support course. Organizations should view the training of employees in mental health and crisis intervention as contributing to the overall resiliency of the organization, in addition to providing services that facilitate the resilience and recovery of employees affected by personal or workplace stress or critical incidents. PMID:23350223

Chan, Angelina O M; Chan, Yiong Huak; Kee, Jass P C

2012-01-01

396

Predictors of outcome of myasthenic crisis.  

PubMed

There is paucity of study on predictors of myasthenic crisis (MC), prolonged ventilation and their outcome, a reason why this study was undertaken. Sixty-four patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) were included whose median age was 45 (6-84) years. Their clinical treatment, presence of thymoma, anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody (AchRAb), thymectomy, comorbidities, offending drugs and occurrence of MC were noted. Patients needing prolonged ventilation (>15 days) were noted. Hospital mortality, MG quality of life (QOL) at discharge and thereafter annual hospital visit, admission, expenditure and work day loss were enquired. Fourteen (21.9 %) patients had MC within 1-120 (median 8.5) months of disease onset within a median follow-up of 48 (3-264) months. The precipitating factors were infection in six, surgery in five, tapering of drugs in two and reaction to iodinated contrast in one patient. Male gender, bulbar weakness, AchRAb, thymoma, surgery and comorbid illnesses were related to MC. Eight of them (57.1 %) needed prolonged ventilation. Half the patients with MC had recurrent crisis (2-4 attacks). Death was not related to MC although MC patients had worse QOL, higher annual treatment expenditure with frequent hospital visit and hospitalization. In conclusion, association of comorbid illness with MC and prolonged ventilation highlights the need of close follow-up and appropriate management. PMID:24497206

Kalita, J; Kohat, A K; Misra, U K

2014-07-01

397

Slope destabilization during the Messinian Salinity Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the Messinian Salinity Crisis, ~ 6 Myr ago, deep canyons were incised when a huge sea-level drawdown of ~ 1.5 km affected the Mediterranean Sea. Nearly contemporaneously, more than 2 km of evaporites accumulated in the basin. This event was the consequence of a complex interaction of tectonic movements and global sea-level variation associated with climatic evolution. This unusual event ended with the reflooding of the Mediterranean area. In this paper, using seismic line interpretation, we show that several landslides occurred in various parts of the Mediterranean Basin during this crisis. Three of these landslides are well preserved, and their dynamics were analyzed. Modeling of the slope stability demonstrates that these landslides may have been due to (i) the relief created by the deep erosion, and/or (ii) the reflooding, which triggered a pore pressure increase. The relatively small run-out distances of the three landslides suggest propagation in a submarine environment and triggering by sea-level rise.

Gargani, Julien; Bache, François; Jouannic, Gwenael; Gorini, Christian

2014-05-01

398

Drug shortages: a complex health care crisis.  

PubMed

National tracking of drug shortages began in 2001. However, a significant increase in the number of shortages began in late 2009, with numbers reaching what many have termed crisis level. The typical drug in short supply is a generic product administered by injection. Common classes of drugs affected by shortages include anesthesia medications, antibiotics, pain medications, nutrition and electrolyte products, and chemotherapy agents. The economic and clinical effects of drug shortages are significant. The financial effect of drug shortages is estimated to be hundreds of millions of dollars annually for health systems across the United States. Clinically, patients have been harmed by the lack of drugs or inferior alternatives, resulting in more than 15 documented deaths. Drug shortages occur for a variety of reasons. Generic injectable drugs are particularly susceptible to drug shortages because there are few manufacturers of these products and all manufacturers are running at full capacity. In addition, some manufacturers have had production problems, resulting in poor quality product. Although many suppliers are working to upgrade facilities and add additional manufacturing lines, these activities take time. A number of stakeholder organizations have been involved in meetings to further determine the causes and effects of drug shortages. A new law was enacted in July 2012 that granted the Food and Drug Administration additional tools to address the drug shortage crisis. The future of drug shortages is unknown, but there are hopeful indications that quality improvements and additional capacity may decrease the number of drug shortages in the years to come. PMID:24582195

Fox, Erin R; Sweet, Burgunda V; Jensen, Valerie

2014-03-01

399

Independents' group posts loss  

SciTech Connect

Low oil gas prices and special charges caused the group of 50 U.S. independent producers Oil and Gas Journal tracks to post a combined loss in first half 1992. The group logged a net loss of $53 million in the first half compared with net earnings of $354 million in first half 1991, when higher oil prices during the Persian Gulf crisis buoyed earnings in spite of crude oil and natural gas production declines. The combined loss in the first half follows a 45% drop in the group's earnings in 1991 and compares with the OGJ group of integrated oil companies whose first half 1992 income fell 47% from the prior year. Special charges, generally related to asset writedowns, accounted for most of the almost $560 million in losses posted by about the third of the group. Nerco Oil and Gas Inc., Vancouver, Wash., alone accounted for almost half that total with charges related to an asset writedown of $238 million in the first quarter. Despite the poor first half performance, the outlook is bright for sharply improved group earnings in the second half, assuming reasonably healthy oil and gas prices and increased production resulting from acquisitions and in response to those prices.

Sanders, V.; Price, R.B.

1992-11-23

400

Crisis discussions in psychology--New historical and philosophical perspectives.  

PubMed

In this introductory article, we provide a historical and philosophical framework for studying crisis discussions in psychology. We first trace the various meanings of crisis talk outside and inside of the sciences. We then turn to Kuhn's concept of crisis, which is mainly an analyst's category referring to severe clashes between theory and data. His view has also dominated many discussions on the status of psychology: Can it be considered a "mature" science, or are we dealing here with a pre- or multi-paradigmatic discipline? Against these Kuhnian perspectives, we point out that especially, but not only in psychology distinctive crisis declarations and debates have taken place since at least the late 19th century. In these, quite different usages of crisis talk have emerged, which can be determined by looking at (a) the content and (b) the dimensions of the declarations, as well as (c) the functions these declarations had for their authors. Thus, in psychology at least, 'crisis' has been a vigorous actor's category, occasionally having actual effects on the future course of research. While such crisis declarations need not be taken at face value, they nevertheless help to break the spell of Kuhnian analyses of psychology's history. They should inform ways in which the history and philosophy of psychology is studied further. PMID:22520191

Sturm, Thomas; Mülberger, Annette

2012-06-01

401

Looking for answers: suggestions for improving how we evaluate crisis management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluating crisis management and training exercises is fundamental for the improvement of crisis management, yet most theorists and practitioners pay passing reference to the process (e.g. Albrecht 1996, Barton 1993). While the domain of crisis management is still devloping issues of due diligence (Albrecht 1996, Schreider 1996) and organizational liability (Allinson 1993, Cohen 1991, Schreider 1996) suggest that crisis managers,

Robert Heath

1998-01-01

402

Stealing thunder: Analysis of the effects of proactive disclosure of crisis information  

Microsoft Academic Search

An organization has several options when releasing information about a crisis. These options include the use of various types of explanations and justifications for the crisis as well as the timing of information release. An experiment investigated a self-disclosure strategy called “stealing thunder.” When an organization steals thunder, it breaks the news about its own crisis before the crisis is

Laura M. Arpan; David R. Roskos-Ewoldsen

2005-01-01

403

Organization–Public Relationships and Crisis Response Strategies: Impact on Attribution of Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines how relationships with an organization and crisis response strategy affect attribution of crisis responsibility. Participants were exposed to 1 of 4 different crisis response strategies, manipulated through news articles. The study measured perceptions of the organization–public relationship, and after exposure to 1 of the 4 news articles, attribution of crisis responsibility. People with a positive relationship with

Kenon A. Brown; Candace L. White

2010-01-01

404

Crisis Transmission: Evidence from the Debt, Tequila, and Asian Flu Crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes how external crises spread across countries. We analyze the behavior of four alternative crisis indicators in a sample of 20 countries during three well-known crises: the 1982 debt crisis, the Mexican 1994 crisis, and the 1997 Asian crisis. The objective is threefold: (i) to revisit the transmission channels of crises; (ii) to evaluate whether contagion has been

J. De Gregorio; Rodrigo O. Valdés

2001-01-01

405

Impact of the 2008 economic and financial crisis on child health: a systematic review.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to provide an overview of studies in which the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on child health was reported. Structured searches of PubMed, and ISI Web of Knowledge, were conducted. Quantitative and qualitative studies reporting health outcomes on children, published since 2007 and related to the 2008 economic crisis were included. Two reviewers independently assessed studies for inclusion. Data were synthesised as a narrative review. Five hundred and six titles and abstracts were reviewed, from which 22 studies were included. The risk of bias for quantitative studies was mixed while qualitative studies showed low risk of bias. An excess of 28,000-50,000 infant deaths in 2009 was estimated in sub-Saharan African countries, and increased infant mortality in Greece was reported. Increased price of foods was related to worsening nutrition habits in disadvantaged families worldwide. An increase in violence against children was reported in the U.S., and inequalities in health-related quality of life appeared in some countries. Most studies suggest that the economic crisis has harmed children's health, and disproportionately affected the most vulnerable groups. There is an urgent need for further studies to monitor the child health effects of the global recession and to inform appropriate public policy responses. PMID:24960216

Rajmil, Luis; Fernandez de Sanmamed, María-José; Choonara, Imti; Faresjö, Tomas; Hjern, Anders; Kozyrskyj, Anita L; Lucas, Patricia J; Raat, Hein; Séguin, Louise; Spencer, Nick; Taylor-Robinson, David

2014-06-01

406

Impact of the 2008 Economic and Financial Crisis on Child Health: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to provide an overview of studies in which the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on child health was reported. Structured searches of PubMed, and ISI Web of Knowledge, were conducted. Quantitative and qualitative studies reporting health outcomes on children, published since 2007 and related to the 2008 economic crisis were included. Two reviewers independently assessed studies for inclusion. Data were synthesised as a narrative review. Five hundred and six titles and abstracts were reviewed, from which 22 studies were included. The risk of bias for quantitative studies was mixed while qualitative studies showed low risk of bias. An excess of 28,000–50,000 infant deaths in 2009 was estimated in sub-Saharan African countries, and increased infant mortality in Greece was reported. Increased price of foods was related to worsening nutrition habits in disadvantaged families worldwide. An increase in violence against children was reported in the U.S., and inequalities in health-related quality of life appeared in some countries. Most studies suggest that the economic crisis has harmed children’s health, and disproportionately affected the most vulnerable groups. There is an urgent need for further studies to monitor the child health effects of the global recession and to inform appropriate public policy responses.

Rajmil, Luis; Fernandez de Sanmamed, Maria-Jose; Choonara, Imti; Faresjo, Tomas; Hjern, Anders; Kozyrskyj, Anita L.; Lucas, Patricia J.; Raat, Hein; Seguin, Louise; Spencer, Nick; Taylor-Robinson, David

2014-01-01

407

[Trends in environmental risks in the context of the economic crisis. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

This article aims to analyze the impact of the economic and financial crisis on environmental determinants of health. The World Health Organization estimates that between 13% and 27% of the disease burden in countries could be prevented by improving the environment. These effects are larger in vulnerable populations, especially among the poorest. In the last decade, outdoor air pollution (the most significant environmental health risk in most European countries) has declined, mostly due to the European policy of reducing emissions and to the decrease in activity following the economic crisis. During the last few years, this improvement in air quality has occurred simultaneously with a reduction in investment in environmental protection and could therefore be offset in the medium-term. The economic crisis has not reduced the trend for higher temperatures in Spain and Europe because climate change is a global phenomenon that is not directly related to local emissions. To reduce the risk of an increase in the health impact of environmental factors, certain key aspects should be considered, such as the need to maintain or develop adequate monitoring and control systems and the opportunity to implement policies that help improve the quality of the environment and reduce the vulnerability of different population groups in a cross-disciplinary framework of transparency and citizen participation. PMID:24863994

Ballester, Ferran; Llop, Sabrina; Querol, Xavier; Esplugues, Ana

2014-06-01

408

Therapeutic engagement between consumers in suicidal crisis and mental health nurses.  

PubMed

Registered nurses within public mental health services play crucial roles in helping people recover from suicidal crisis. However, there is a lack of understanding of how care is experienced in this context, and available evidence suggests that nurses and consumers are often dissatisfied with the quality of care. There is thus an imperative to generate understanding of needs and experiences of both groups with a view to informing practice development. This article summarizes qualitative findings from a multimethod study undertaken in Australia, which surveyed and interviewed mental health nurses who had recent experience of caring for consumers in suicidal crisis in a hospital setting, and interviewed consumers who had recovered from a recent suicidal crisis. A framework was developed to guide the study and support ethical imperatives; in particular, the promotion of consumer well-being. The findings highlight that therapeutic interpersonal engagement between nurses and consumers was central to quality care. This was particularly noted, as engagement could help reduce consumer isolation, loss of control, distress, and objectification of the delivery of potentially-objectifying common interventions. Of concern, the results indicate a lack of therapeutic engagement from the perspective of both consumers and nurses. Recommendations to promote fuller therapeutic engagement are presented. PMID:24575883

Lees, David; Procter, Nicholas; Fassett, Denise

2014-08-01

409

Developing clinical competency in crisis event management: an integrated simulation problem-based learning activity.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate the integration of a simulation based learning activity on nursing students' clinical crisis management performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. It was hypothesized that the clinical performance of first year nursing students who participated in a simulated learning activity during the PBL session would be superior to those who completed the conventional problem-based session. The students were allocated into either simulation with problem-based discussion (SPBD) or problem-based discussion (PBD) for scenarios on respiratory and cardiac distress. Following completion of each scenario, students from both groups were invited to sit an optional individual test involving a systematic assessment and immediate management of a simulated patient facing a crisis event. A total of thirty students participated in the first post test related to a respiratory scenario and thirty-three participated in the second post test related to a cardiac scenario. Their clinical performances were scored using a checklist. Mean test scores for students completing the SPBD were significantly higher than those who completing the PBD for both the first post test (SPBD 20.08, PBD 18.19) and second post test (SPBD 27.56, PBD 23.07). Incorporation of simulation learning activities into problem-based discussion appeared to be an effective educational strategy for teaching nursing students to assess and manage crisis events. PMID:19916052

Liaw, S Y; Chen, F G; Klainin, P; Brammer, J; O'Brien, A; Samarasekera, D D

2010-08-01

410

Armageddon, oil, and the Middle East crisis  

SciTech Connect

This book relates the intricate subject of biblical prophecy to the current crisis in the Middle East. With the development of oil politics, Dr. Walvoord believes a new world government will emerge, centered in the Middle East, which will eclipse the United States and Russia as world powers. The world government will be subjected to catastrophic, divine judgments which precipitate a gigantic world war culminating in Armageddon. Each chapter is devoted to the scriptural explanations of events leading to the second coming of Christ. The result is a prophetic calendar summing up to the countdown to Armageddon. Some of the chapter titles include: the Arab oil blackmail; watch Jerusalen; the rising tide of world religion; the coming Middle East peace; the coming world dictator; and Armageddon: the world's death struggle.

Walvoord, J.F.; Walvoord, J.E.

1980-01-01

411

Adult hyperglycemic crisis: a review and perspective.  

PubMed

Hyperglycemic crisis, which includes Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State, is a common diagnosis in high acuity hospital units and admission rates continue to increase despite preventive strategies. While diabetic ketoacidosis remains a common cause of death in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes, in adults reported mortality is variable and depends on the severity of metabolic derangement and the presence of other acute and chronic conditions. Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, and the overlap syndrome of hyperosmolar ketoacidosis, have a higher overall mortality though outcomes are improving. We discuss the diagnosis, epidemiology, and management strategies with particular reference to commonly encountered pitfalls in care and provide an updated perspective on the shifts in the epidemiology and novel management strategies for these important disorders. PMID:23115048

Steenkamp, Devin W; Alexanian, Sara M; McDonnell, Marie E

2013-02-01

412

National Association of School Psychologists: Crisis Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Helping young people deal with crises can be a difficult task, and is something that should not be taken lightly. The National Association of School Psychologists has brought together a set of valuable resources on this site for professionals who work with children. The resources are divided into eight different sections, and they include links to other online resources, and those that deal with specific subjects, such as suicide, trauma, and natural disasters. The natural disaster section includes fact sheets on how to help children after a wildfire and in the aftermath of a tsunami. Moving on, the suicide section contains like-minded materials on how to address teen suicide and preventive measures. The site is rounded out with a selection of crisis resources in Spanish.

413

Understanding communication in counterterrorism crisis management.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the purpose and results of the two-year, Sandia-sponsored Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project entitled Understanding Communication in Counterterrorism Crisis Management The purpose of this project was to facilitate the capture of key communications among team members in simulated training exercises, and to learn how to improve communication in that domain. The first section of this document details the scenario development aspects of the simulation. The second section covers the new communication technologies that were developed and incorporated into the Weapons of Mass Destruction Decision Analysis Center (WMD-DAC) suite of decision support tools. The third section provides an overview of the features of the simulation and highlights its communication aspects. The fourth section describes the Team Communication Study processes and methodologies. The fifth section discusses future directions and areas in which to apply the new technologies and study results obtained as a result of this LDRD.

Djordjevich, Donna D.; Barr, Pamela K.; Arnold, Jason Darrel; Johnson, Michael M.; Sa, Timothy J.; Hawley, Marilyn F.; Davis, Midge L.; Wright, Aliseya; Bernard, Michael Lewis; Wilcox, William B.; Tam, Ricky; Ammerlahn, Heidi R.

2004-10-01

414

International dimensions of the environmental crisis  

SciTech Connect

Emphasizing that the environmental crisis is global in scope, manifest in almost every region, culture, and political and economic system, this book examines the environmental problems confronted by countries throughout the world (e.g., desertification, deforestation, soil erosion, weather modification, energy and resource shortages, and air and water pollution). It also traces the relationships between these problems and such diverse factors as economic constraints, nationalism, cultural values, international relations, and access to new technology. The authors of the 17 individual papers grapple with the practical and philosophical dilemmas attendant upon environmental degradation and preservation. They then discuss the specific concerns of Latin America, Europe, Asia, and Africa and address the roles of such processes as agricultural development, population growth and migration, and the international export of environmental degradation. 620 references, 20 figures.

Barrett, R.N. (ed.)

1982-01-01

415

The education crisis: A utility challenge  

SciTech Connect

Fuzzy altruism is not enough to solve the problems of a nation facing a crisis in education. This top executive of a major natural gas company issues a personal challenge to his utility industry colleagues to get involved in the three Cs - and quick. The current critical state of the country's education system should not be news to any utility executive. The shocking statistics on the declining ability of students to read, write, or do simple math and on the level of dropouts bombard us almost daily. The president has challenged Congress and the nation's governors with a six-point program to restore the country's education vigor by the year 2000. At its recent meeting, the National Governors' Association accepted the challenge and adopted a program calling for sweeping, fundamental changes in our education system. In each state all citizens - notably businessmen - can expect a call for support as strategies for basic education reform are developed and implemented.

Croom, J.H.

1990-04-12

416

Occupy the Financial Niche: Saturation and Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The model presented is one theoretical approach within a broader research program that could verify the nonlinear conjectures made, such that to quantify and predict potential discontinuous behaviour. In this case, the crisis behaviour associated with financial funds reallocation among various credit instruments, described as memes with the sense of Dawkins, is shown to be of discontinuous nature stemming from a logistic penetration in the behaviour niche. Actually the logistic penetration is typical in creating cyclic behaviour of economic structures as shown by Marchetti and others from IIASA. A Fokker-Planck equation description results in a stationary solution having a bifurcation like solution with evolution trajectories on a `cusp' type catastrophe that may describe discontinuous decision behaviour.

Purica, Ionut

417

China's Looming Crisis-Inflation Returns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Inflation is serious business for any nation's economy, and in the case of China, it is a growing area of concern for policymakers, economists, and other such types. This very topic is the subject of a recent policy brief written by Albert Keidel on behalf of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Published in September 2007, this eight-page policy brief takes a critical look at the potential for an inflation crisis in China. After a brief narrative introduction, Keidel proceeds to offer a number of thoughtful recommendations. These recommendations include suggestions that the Chinese government should raise key deposit rates and enable farm diversification by increasing wheat and rice imports. The paper also notes, "The next fifteen months will be especially crucial for China. Foreign criticism has already been severe, thanks to imbroglios over food and toy safety, dollar-holding scares, and Olympics-related activism."

2007-11-08

418

Crisis management: an extended reference framework for decision makers.  

PubMed

The paper discusses a reference framework for capabilities supporting effective crisis management. This framework has been developed by joining experiences in the field and knowledge of organisational models for crisis management, and executives' empowerment, coaching and behavioural analysis. The paper is aimed at offering further insight to executives on critical success factors and means for managing crisis situations by extending the scope of analysis to human behaviour, to emotions and fears and their correlation with decision making. It is further intended to help familiarise them and to facilitate approaching a path towards emotional awareness. PMID:23835427

Carone, Alessandro; Iorio, Luigi Di

2013-01-01

419

Crisis management during anaesthesia: water intoxication  

PubMed Central

Background: Irrigation of closed body spaces may lead to substantial perioperative fluid and electrolyte shifts. A syndrome occurring during transurethral resection of prostate (TURP), and a similar syndrome described in women undergoing transcervical endometrial ablation (TCEA) are both characterised by a spectrum of symptoms which may range from asymptomatic hyponatraemia to convulsions, coma, and death. Such potentially serious consequences require prompt recognition and appropriate management of this "water intoxication" syndrome. Objectives: To examine the role of a previously described core algorithm "COVER ABCD–A SWIFT CHECK", supplemented by a specific sub-algorithm for water intoxication, in the management of this syndrome occurring in association with anaesthesia. Methods: The potential performance of this structured approach for each of the relevant incidents among the first 4000 reported to the Australian Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS) was compared with the actual management as reported by the anaesthetists involved. Results: From the first 4000 incidents reported to AIMS, 10 reports of water intoxication were identified, two from endometrial ablations under general anaesthesia and eight from male urological procedures under spinal anaesthesia. The "core" crisis management algorithm detected a problem in seven cases; however, it was deficient in dealing with neurological presentations. Diagnosis of the cause of the incident would have required a specific water intoxication sub-algorithm in eight cases and a hypotension algorithm in a further two cases. Corrective strategies also required a specific sub-algorithm in eight cases, while the hypotension and cardiac arrest sub-algorithms were required in conjunction with the water intoxication sub-algorithm in the remaining two. Conclusion: This relatively uncommon problem is managed poorly using the "core" crisis management sub-algorithm and requires a simple specific sub-algorithm for water intoxication.

Kluger, M; Szekely, S; Singleton, R; Helps, S

2005-01-01

420

Crisis management during anaesthesia: awareness and anaesthesia  

PubMed Central

Background: Patient awareness during general anaesthesia has considerable potential for severe emotional distress in the patient as well as professional, personal, and financial consequences for the anaesthetist. Objectives: To examine the role of a previously described core algorithm "COVER ABCD–A SWIFT CHECK", supplemented by a specific sub-algorithm for awareness, in the detection and management of potential awareness in association with general anaesthesia. Method: The potential performance of this structured approach for each of the relevant incidents among the first 4000 reported to the Australian Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS) was compared with the actual management as reported by the anaesthetists involved. Results: Of the first 4000 reports received by AIMS, there were 21 incidents of patient awareness under general anaesthesia, and 20 of patients being paralysed while awake from "syringe swaps" before induction of anaesthesia. In 12 of the 21 reports there was an obvious cause, most commonly a low concentration of volatile agent (8 of 12 reports). The AIMS "core" crisis management algorithm would have detected the cause of awareness in all of these cases. In nine reports the course of anaesthesia appeared unremarkable, and in these the algorithm would not have been expected to detect or prevent awareness. Volatile agent monitoring would have prevented some cases of awareness, as would bispectral index electroencephalographic (BIS) monitoring. The role of BIS monitoring is still contentious, but it should be considered for high risk patients. Conclusion: Awareness should be minimised by thorough checking of equipment, particularly vaporisers, and frequent application of a structured scanning routine. Awareness may occur during crisis management and aftermath protocols should include patient follow up to detect and manage awareness when it occurs.

Osborne, G; Bacon, A; Runciman, W; Helps, S

2005-01-01

421

Education as a tool for addressing the extinction crisis: moving students from understanding to action.  

PubMed

Human activity is leading to mass species extinctions worldwide. Conservation biology (CB) courses, taught worldwide at universities, typically focus on the proximal causes of extinction without teaching students how to respond to this crisis. The Extinction of Species 360 course has been taught yearly each fall semester to several hundred students at the University of Wisconsin-Madison for over two decades. In 2007 the instructor and five teaching assistants combined principles driving extinctions, based on traditional lectures and discussion sections, with action-oriented education targeting individual consumer habits, to a group of 285 students. Students learn the science underpinning conservation efforts, as evidenced by highly significant learning (< .001) gains in a 22 question survey in every measured category, and also make direct and immediate changes in their lifestyle and consumption habits. This course succeeded in each of its three primary goals: a) informed students about the value of and threats to biodiversity, similar to traditional CB courses, b) emphasized our personal role (as consumers) in perpetuating the extinction crisis and c) facilitated activities to reduce our impact and help alleviate the crisis. The results suggested students learned CB concepts and understood biodiversity's value, increased their awareness of the connection between personal consumption and extinction, and reduced their collective ecological footprints. Furthermore, students complemented their learning and multiplied the potential for consumption reduction, by participating in action-based activities. Such academic courses can provide a rigorous treatment of the direct and indirect causes of extinction while developing a student's sense of personal empowerment to help slow the extinction crisis. PMID:21246982

Moyer-Horner, Lucas; Kirby, Rebecca; Vaughan, Christopher

2010-12-01

422

Something Borrowed, Something Blue: Learning from Women's Groups in Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the way in which Jakarta women's groups responded to the crisis that preceded and succeeded the end of Suharto's regime in Indonesia. In particular it looks at the way in which the gang rapes of women of Chinese descent focused and united the feminist response to the turmoil of 1998. Women's groups developed a number of

Marilyn Porter

2001-01-01

423

Geriatric Workforce Capacity: A Pending Crisis for Nursing Home Residents  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The nursing home (NH) population in the US has grown to 1.6 million people and is expected to double by 2030. While 88.3% of NH residents are over 65, the elders aged 85 and more have become the principal group. This demographic change has increased the already high rates of chronic diseases and functional disabilities in NH residents. Methods: This study reviewed the supply of geriatricians in addressing the growing healthcare needs of NH residents. Results: English-written articles between 1989 and 2012 were reviewed. Trend data demonstrate that the geriatrician workforce has decreased from 10,270 in 2000 to 8,502 in 2010. Further, the pipeline analysis of physicians projected to receive board certification in geriatrics (and maintain this certification) indicates a worsening of the already insufficient supply of geriatricians for this vulnerable population. Conclusion: Strategies to attract and maintain a geriatrician workforce are imperative to avert a mounting crisis in the geriatric care in NH and, by extension, other living settings.

Lee, Wei-Chen; Sumaya, Ciro V.

2013-01-01

424

Crisis Management: Are Public Transportation Authority Leaders Prepared.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The events of September 11, 2001, were a shocking awakening as to the extent to which unforeseen circumstances can destabilize corporations, organizations, families, and citizenry. Private and public entities learned the meaning of the term crisis managem...

W. F. Lester V. J. King

2006-01-01

425

Would the Discovery of ETI Provoke a Religious Crisis?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Noting how some prophets of crisis forecast that traditional religious traditions are vulnerable to challenge if not collapse upon confirmation of the existence of extraterrestrial intelligent beings, this chapter subjects this claim to examination. Citing findings from the Peters ETI Religious Crisis Survey, we find evidence that those who affirm religious belief have no difficulty affirming the existence of ETI and incorporating ETI into their respective worldviews. This applies to Orthodox Christians, Roman Catholics, mainline Protestants, Evangelical Protestants, Jews, Mormons, Buddhists, and to those who self-identify as non-religious. Surprisingly, the self-identified non-religious respondents are the only ones who fear a religious crisis precipitated by contact with extraterrestrials, a crisis expected to happen to others but not to themselves. Turning to the new field of Astrotheology, the question of de-centering both geocentrism and anthropocentrism is raised in light of the prospect of discovering intelligent celestial neighbors.

Peters, Ted

426

JADE: A Tool for Rapid Crisis Action Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Joint Assistant for Deployment and Execution (JADE) offers a new technique for rapid force deployment planning, especially in crisis situations. JADE is being developed by BBN Technologies under contract to the Air Force Research Lab and the Defense A...

A. M. Mulvehill J. A. Caroli

1999-01-01

427

Global Financial Crisis: Foreign and Trade Policy Effects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The global financial and economic crisis affects all three of the essential national interests of the United States: national security, economic well being, and value projection. Only occasionally does an event of this magnitude occur that generates such ...

D. K. Nanto

2009-01-01

428

Farm Crisis and Suicide: Dying on the Vine?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined relationship between farm economic crisis and farmer suicide rates using data from 15 states from 1980 to 1985. Found suicide rates for farmers were greater than truck drivers but no different from forestry workers. (Author/ABL)

Ragland, John D.; Berman, Alan L.

1991-01-01

429

Unusual case reports: Tardive oculogyric crisis (tardive syndromes)  

PubMed Central

We report, we believe for the first time in India, two cases of tardive oculogyric crisis in patients of schizophrenia, paranoid subtype (DSM IV code 295.30) during olanzapine therapy. Relevant data on this rare condition is discussed.

Vahia, V. N.; Naik, P. M.; Deotale, P.

2007-01-01

430

Responding to the global economic crisis: inclusive social work practice.  

PubMed

The present global economic crisis raises new concerns for social workers. One of its most visible results is the further socioeconomic decline and marginalization of excluded populations. This article suggests that the current circumstances require a much more engaged, egalitarian, and reflexive practice-a practice, based on social rights, that matches the magnitude of the crisis and its negative impact on traditional social work constituencies. Consequently, the article suggests the concept of inclusive social work practice (ISWP), a conceptual framework whose main principles respond to four processes of social exclusion closely related to the present global crisis: extreme social isolation, growing dependency, multiple deprivation, and internalized oppression. The author describes the impact of the global crisis on patterns of social exclusion and presents the methodological foundations of the ISWP framework. PMID:24450021

Strier, Ron

2013-10-01

431

Architecture-based Model for Preventive and Operative Crisis Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Crisis management will generally engage a large number of actors, working in stressful situations. These actors need to be able to communicate, exchange information as well as gather information, from the area of operations, where ongoing events relate di...

A. Hunstad E. Jungert G. Derefeldt J. Hallberg N. Hallberg

2004-01-01

432

Adolescent crisis and suicidal behavior: Dynamics and treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicide among adolescents is increasing. Three interacting factors—the crisis of adolescent development, family dysfunctioning, and social factors—create vulnerability to feelings of rejection and worthlessness among suicidal adolescents. Long-term family problems that are not openly acknowledged but for which the adolescent feels responsible are particularly relevant. The authors recommend a multiple approach to assessment and treatment in which crisis intervention is

Roberta G. Sands; Samuel L. Dixon

1986-01-01

433

Developing Agent-based Organizational Models for Crisis Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simulations of crisis scenarios have the potential to increase insight in the organizational structures needed as crises es- calate. Real-life simulations involving personnel and figu- rants are expensive and time-consuming. Multi-agent sys- tem models allow for cost-effective simulations of changing organizational structures, enabling analysis of the implica- tions for enactment during crisis escalation with respect to roles and communication structures.

Thomas B. Quillinan; Frances Brazier; Thales Nederlands; Huib Aldewereld; Frank Dignum; Virginia Dignum; Loris Penserini; Niek Wijngaards; D-CIS Lab

2009-01-01

434

Interoperable Geographic Information Services to Support Crisis Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this article we focus on interoperable geographic information (GI) services from the crisis management perspective. Based\\u000a on Open Geospatial Consortium [10] standards and initiatives, we present the building blocks of the interoperable solution\\u000a for supporting crisis management that is proposed as a result of the EU sponsored project, MEDSI [1]. In particular, we focus\\u000a on the application and operationalization

Artur Rocha; Bojan Cestnik; Marco Amaro Oliveira

2005-01-01

435

[Indicators to monitor the evolution of the economic crisis and its effects on health and health inequalities. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

The economic crisis has adverse effects on determinants of health and health inequalities. The aim of this article was to present a set of indicators of health and its determinants to monitor the effects of the crisis in Spain. On the basis of the conceptual framework proposed by the Commission for the Reduction of Social Health Inequalities in Spain, we searched for indicators of social, economic, and political (structural and intermediate) determinants of health, as well as for health indicators, bearing in mind the axes of social inequality (gender, age, socioeconomic status, and country of origin). The indicators were mainly obtained from official data sources published on the internet. The selected indicators are periodically updated and are comparable over time and among territories (among autonomous communities and in some cases among European Union countries), and are available for age groups, gender, socio-economic status, and country of origin. However, many of these indicators are not sufficiently reactive to rapid change, which occurs in the economic crisis, and consequently require monitoring over time. Another limitation is the lack of availability of indicators for the various axes of social inequality. In conclusion, the proposed indicators allow for progress in monitoring the effects of the economic crisis on health and health inequalities in Spain. PMID:24864001

Pérez, Glòria; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica; Domínguez-Berjón, Felicitas; Cabeza, Elena; Borrell, Carme

2014-06-01

436

Wundt contested: The first crisis declaration in psychology.  

PubMed

When reflecting on the history and the present situation of their field, psychologists have often seen their discipline as being in a critical state. The first author to warn of a crisis was, in 1897, the now scarcely known philosopher Rudolf Willy. He saw a crisis in psychology resulting, firstly, from a profuse branching out of psychology. Adopting a radical empiriocriticist point of view, he, secondly, made the metaphysical stance of scholars like Wilhelm Wundt responsible for the crisis. Meanwhile, the priest Constantin Gutberlet responded to the claim of crisis arguing, on the contrary, that the crisis resulted from research that was empirical only. Throughout the discipline psychologists felt troubled by a widespread sense of fragmentation in the field. I will argue that this is due to psychology's early social success and popularization in modern society. Moreover the paper shows that the first declaration of crisis emerged at a time when a discussion of fundamentals was already underway between Wundt and the empiriocriticist Richard Avenarius. The present historical research reveals the depth of the confrontation between Wundt and Willy, entailing a clash of two worldviews that embrace psychological, epistemological, and political aspects. PMID:22520192

Mülberger, Annette

2012-06-01

437

Are crisis communicators practicing what we preach?: An evaluation of crisis response strategy analyzed in public relations research from 1991 to 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantitative content analysis is used to evaluate crisis response strategy analyzed in more than 18 years of research published in crisis communication literature in public relations to reveal its effectiveness, nature, and contextual application. Analysis of 51 articles published in 11 different journals using two dominant theories in public relations crisis communication literature, Benoit's Image Restoration Theory and Coombs’ Situational

Sora Kim; Elizabeth Johnson Avery; Ruthann W. Lariscy

2009-01-01

438

Summary of the June 2009 Educationtoday Crisis Survey: Initial Reflections on the Impact of the Economic Crisis on Education. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 43  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides initial reflections on the impact of the economic crisis on education across the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) area by analysing the OECD educationtoday crisis survey responses of June 2009. It first looks at the impact of the crisis on education demand and participation, after which the focus…

Karkkainen, Kiira

2010-01-01

439

The Role of Natural Settings in Crisis Rehabilitation: How Does the Level of Crisis Influence the Response to Experiences of Nature with Regard to Measures of Rehabilitation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We compare people greatly affected by a crisis with those less affected to explore how level of crisis influences their response to experiencing nature. A questionnaire comprising a validated protocol to evaluate frequency of stress conditions, the level of crisis retention, reorientation and rehabilitation potential was answered by 547 individuals. The questionnaire also comprises items on everyday activities. Our findings

Johan Ottosson; Patrik Grahn

2008-01-01

440

TRIDEC Natural Crisis Management Demonstrator for Tsunamis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The management of natural crises is an important application field of the technology developed in the project Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crises (TRIDEC), co-funded by the European Commission in its Seventh Framework Programme. TRIDEC is based on the development of the German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) and the Distant Early Warning System (DEWS) providing a service platform for both sensor integration and warning dissemination. In TRIDEC new developments in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are used to extend the existing platform realising a component-based technology framework for building distributed tsunami warning systems for deployment, e.g. in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas (NEAM) region. The Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI), representing the Tsunami National Contact (TNC) and Tsunami Warning Focal Point (TWFP) for Turkey, is one of the key partners in TRIDEC. KOERI is responsible for the operation of a National Tsunami Warning Centre (NTWC) for Turkey and establishes Candidate Tsunami Watch Provider (CTWP) responsibilities for the NEAM region. Based on this profound experience, KOERI is contributing valuable requirements to the overall TRIDEC system and is responsible for the definition and development of feasible tsunami-related scenarios. However, KOERI's most important input focuses on testing and evaluating the TRIDEC system according to specified evaluation and validation criteria. The TRIDEC system will be implemented in three phases, each with a demonstrator. Successively, the demonstrators are addressing challenges, such as the design and implementation of a robust and scalable service infrastructure supporting the integration and utilisation of existing resources with accelerated generation of large volumes of data. These include sensor systems, geo-information repositories, simulation tools and data fusion tools. In addition to conventional sensors also unconventional sensors and sensor networks play an important role in TRIDEC. The first system demonstrator, deployed at KOERI's crisis management room, has been designed and implemented to support plausible scenarios for the Turkish NTWC and to demonstrate the treatment of simulated tsunami threats with an essential subset of a NTWC. The feasibility and the potentials of the implemented approach are demonstrated covering standard operations as well as tsunami detection and alerting functions. The demonstrator presented addresses information management and decision-support processes in a hypothetical natural crisis situation caused by a tsunami in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Hammitzsch, M.; Necmioglu, O.; Reißland, S.; Lendholt, M.; Comoglu, M.; Ozel, N. M.; Wächter, J.

2012-04-01

441

Effect of pregnancy during TMI crisis on mothers' mental health and their child's development  

SciTech Connect

Five years after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the mental health of women who had been pregnant and living within 10 miles of Three Mile Island at the time of the accident was similar to that of women from the same area who became pregnant after the accident. Ratings of the development of the two groups of children when they were 5 years old were also similar. However, women who were pregnant during the crisis and had been extremely disturbed about their pregnancies rated their children's health as poorer than did the women who were pregnant later.

Houts, P.S.; Tokuhata, G.K.; Bratz, J.; Bartholomew, M.J.; Sheffer, K.W. (Pennsylvania State Univ. College of Medicine, Hershey (USA))

1991-03-01

442

Effect of pregnancy during TMI crisis on mothers' mental health and their child's development.  

PubMed

Five years after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the mental health of women who had been pregnant and living within 10 miles of Three Mile Island at the time of the accident was similar to that of women from the same area who became pregnant after the accident. Ratings of the development of the two groups of children when they were 5 years old were also similar. However, women who were pregnant during the crisis and had been "extremely disturbed" about their pregnancies rated their children's health as poorer than did the women who were pregnant later. PMID:1994750

Houts, P S; Tokuhata, G K; Bratz, J; Bartholomew, M J; Sheffer, K W

1991-03-01

443

Crisis management during anaesthesia: vascular access problems  

PubMed Central

Background: In confronting an evolving crisis, the anaesthetist should consider the vascular catheter as a potential cause, abandoning assumptions that the device has been satisfactorily placed and is functioning correctly. Objectives: To examine the role of a previously described core algorithm "COVER ABCD–A SWIFT CHECK", supplemented by a specific sub-algorithm for vascular access problems, in the management of crises occurring in association with anaesthesia. Methods: The potential performance of a structured approach was evaluated for each of the relevant incidents among the first 4000 reported to the Australian Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS). Results: There were 128 incidents involving problems related to vascular access. The structured approach begins distally, checking the infusion device or fluid (12 incidents), moving proximally by way of the fluid giving line (10), the line deadspace (8), then the catheter/skin interface (65), and on to the peripheral vascular tree (3) and central venous space (23), and finally, the interface of the vascular access system and the attending staff (7). The approach was able to accommodate all the vascular access problems among the first 4000 incidents reported to AIMS. Conclusion: The approach has potential as an easily remembered and applied clinical tool to lead to early resolution of vascular access problems occurring during anaesthesia.

Singleton, R; Kinnear, S; Currie, M; Helps, S

2005-01-01

444

Aquaculture and food crisis: opportunities and constraints.  

PubMed

Fish farming, now well known as aquaculture, has been well recognized since the ancient era. The first written document on fish culture was published in China in 475 BC, and the first koi pond was constructed at the Japanese Imperial Palace grounds during 71-130 AD. In recent years, aquaculture has progressively played an important role in the provision of: animal protein and gourmet cuisines, job opportunities, and foreign currency for developing countries. Asian countries produce around 91 percent of the world's total aquaculture production. Among the top ten aquaculture-producing countries, nine are from Asia. The current global population consist of more than 6.5 billion individuals; over one billion of which face hunger problem. In the highly populated Asia-Pacific region with moderately high-productivity, 642 million people are still facing hunger. Being a proficient and potential source of animal protein, aquaculture will play an increasing and important role in solving the world food problem in the future. This paper discusses both the opportunities and constraints in the aquaculture industry, specifically in the Asia-Pacific region, and its possible role in solving the current global food crisis. Strategies including promotion and adoption of traceability and HACCP systems for food safety, and marketing management for aquaculture products are also suggested. It is hoped that traditional administration of aquaculture management for survival, profit, as well as food safety will successfully match sustainability management to meet the urgent global need for food. PMID:19965349

Liao, I Chiu; Chao, Nai-Hsien

2009-01-01

445

Emergency room coverage: an evolving crisis.  

PubMed

Historically, a newly graduated plastic surgeon in the United States could build a practice from his or her emergency room coverage. The historical cliche was for the surgeon to be affable, able, and available, and from that basis one's practice would grow. Emergency room exposure was an avenue for starting a practice, developing recognition, and, after that, building a referral pattern. Recently, the cross-shifting influence of management care, rising malpractice insurance costs, and risk ratio are changing this cliche to a crisis. An evaluation of a 2 1/2-year exposure to emergency room coverage has revealed a completely different profile. A total of 300 patient visits resulting in 69 surgical operations were evaluated for insurance and remuneration history. The findings indicated a significant remuneration dilemma for emergency room coverage. Interestingly, a remuneration problem exists in a market different from what one would expect. In this study, a sample from a suburban hospital, rather than an inner-city university hospital, is the greater problem. PMID:15277813

Davison, Steven P

2004-08-01

446

Childhood Obesity: A Global Public Health Crisis  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Childhood obesity is a major public health crisis nationally and internationally. The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased over few years. It is caused by imbalance between calorie intake and calories utilized. One or more factors (genetic, behavioral, and environmental) cause obesity in children. Physical, psychological, and social health problems are caused due to childhood obesity. Hence, effective intervention strategies are being used to prevent and control obesity in children. The purpose of this manuscript is to address various factors influencing childhood obesity, a variety of interventions and governmental actions addressing obesity and the challenges ahead for managing this epidemic. Methods: In order to collect materials for this review a detailed search of CINAHL, MEDLINE, ERIC, Academic Search Premier databases was carried out for the time period 1999-2011. Results: Some of the interventions used were family based, school based, community based, play based, and hospital based. The effective school-based interventions were seen targeting physical activity along with healthy diet education. The major challenges faced by these intervention programs are financial, along with stigmatization of obese children. Governments along with other health care organizations are taking effective actions like policy changing and environmentally safe interventions for children to improve physical activity. Conclusions: In conclusion, childhood obesity can be tackled at the population level by education, prevention and sustainable interventions related to healthy nutrition practices and physical activity promotion.

Karnik, Sameera; Kanekar, Amar

2012-01-01

447

Food and nutrition security and the economic crisis in Indonesia.  

PubMed

Indonesia has been afflicted by an economic crisis since July 1997. The economic crisis was preceded by a long drought associated with El Nino. The result has been a decline in food production, especially rice. In the eastern part of the country, especially in Irian Jaya, there was food insecurity during the early stages of the economic crisis. When the crisis escalated to become an economic, social and political crisis in 1998, food insecurity spread to other provinces, especially to urban areas in Java. The crisis led to increasingly high inflation. unemployment, poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition. The official figures indicate that poverty in Indonesia increased from 22.5 million (11.3%) in 1996 to 36.5 million (17.9%) in 1998. Food production decreased by 20-30% in some parts of the country. Compared with prices in January 1998, food prices had escalated 1.5- to threefold by August/November 1998 when acute food shortages occurred, especially in urban Java. Coupled with a drop in purchasing power, the higher food prices worsened health, nutritional status and education of children of urban poor and unemployed families. Despite social and political uncertainties, the Indonesian Government has taken prompt action to prevent a worsening of the situation by massive imports of rice, instituting food price subsidies for the poor and launching social safety net programmes to cope with food shortages and malnutrition. The present paper attempts to highlight the impact of the economic crisis on food insecurity and malnutrition in Indonesia. PMID:11708583

Soekirman

2001-01-01

448

Nucleosomes and neutrophil activation in sickle cell disease painful crisis  

PubMed Central

Activated polymorphonuclear neutrophils play an important role in the pathogenesis of vaso-occlusive painful sickle cell crisis. Upon activation, polymorphonuclear neutrophils can form neutrophil extracellular traps. Neutrophil extracellular traps consist of a meshwork of extracellular DNA, nucleosomes, histones and neutrophil proteases. Neutrophil extracellular traps have been demonstrated to be toxic to endothelial and parenchymal cells. This prospective cohort study was conducted to determine neutrophil extracellular trap formation in sickle cell patients during steady state and painful crisis. As a measure of neutrophil extracellular traps, plasma nucleosomes levels were determined and polymorphonuclear neutrophil activation was assessed measuring plasma levels of elastase-?1-antitrypsin complexes in 74 patients in steady state, 70 patients during painful crisis, and 24 race-matched controls using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Nucleosome levels in steady state sickle cell patients were significantly higher than levels in controls. During painful crisis levels of both nucleosomes and elastase-?1-antitrypsin complexes increased significantly. Levels of nucleosomes correlated significantly to elastase-?1-antitrypsin complex levels during painful crisis, (Sr = 0.654, P<0.001). This was seen in both HbSS/HbS?0-thalassemia (Sr=0.55, P<0.001) and HbSC/HbS?+-thalassemia patients (Sr=0.90, P<0.001) during painful crisis. Levels of nucleosomes showed a correlation with length of hospital stay and were highest in patients with acute chest syndrome. These data support the concept that neutrophil extracellular trap formation and neutrophil activation may play a role in the pathogenesis of painful sickle cell crisis and acute chest syndrome.

Schimmel, Marein; Nur, Erfan; Biemond, Bart J.; van Mierlo, Gerard J.; Solati, Shabnam; Brandjes, Dees P.; Otten, Hans-Martin; Schnog, John-John; Zeerleder, Sacha

2013-01-01

449

Hyperreflection groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce the concept of hyperreflection groups, which are a generalization of Coxeter groups. We prove the Deletion and Exchange Conditions for hyperreflection groups, and we discuss special subgroups and fundamental sectors of hyperreflection groups. In the second half of the paper, we prove that Coxeter groups and graph products of groups are examples of hyperreflection groups.

David G. Radcliffe

2010-01-01

450

3D modelling of the Carnian Crisis in a new FWF Project (P22109-B17) - Ammonite mass mortality (200 000 000 !!! specimens) as proxy for the Carnian Crisis (Taurus, Turkey)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Upper Triassic in general, and the Carnian stage in detail was devastated by one of the most severe ecological crisis of the Mesozoic Era, the Carnian Crisis (= Carnian Pluvial Event), when the carbonate platforms demised and with them most of the reef-builders disappeared. The Orthoceltites assemblage (ammonoids, cephalopods) was formed in the Carnian Crisis, now located at the boundary from Kartoz and Kasimlar Formation (Anatolia, Turkey), can act as proxy for the environmental activities and biotic crisis in the Carnian time. It has to be noted that the ultimate cause of this drastic Mesozoic crisis is still under comprehensive discussion. The main investigation topics of the project are the palaeoecologic, palaeobiogeographic, litho-, cyclo- and magnetostratigraphic development of the Upper Triassic (Carnian) ammonoid mass-occurrence at the Asagiyaylabel section in Anatolia (Turkey), formed during the Carnian Crisis. This area is a key section within the Taurids and has a connecting and intermediate position. Situated on the western end of the Cimmerian System at that time it shows connection to both, the Neo-Tethys and the Palaeo-Tethys Oceans. New insights into the taxonomy and the palaeoecology of the investigated ammonoids and associated macro- and microfossils are expected. The abundant ammonoid Orthoceltites, at least 200 000 000 !!! specimens, is assumed to be a new species. Further topics of investigation are the original position and environmental conditions of the sedimentation area at the Asagiyaylabel section, located in the Taurids. The formation of the ammonoid beds is either autochthonous or allochthonous (transported). Expected 3D modelling results will be essential to reach geodynamic, palaeooceanographic and palaeobiological conclusions. This further leads to the question of the original water depths during the formation of ammonoid mass occurrences. As a multitasking project, one aim is to underline a crucial fact in working within different sciences as the Structural Processes Group at the Departments of Geodynamic and Sedimentology (University of Vienna) and the Geometric Modelling and Industrial Geometry group (3D technology at the Vienna University of Technology). Interdisciplinary collaboration with other scientists is essential in modern times. Statistical analysis of the orientation and relative position (e.g. imbrication) of the ammonoid shells can hint to current or transport directions. 3D modelling of calcite-cement distribution (representing geopedal structures) and post-diagenetic calcite-veins displacing several ammonoids will complete the geometrical reconstruction and shed light on the biostratinomic and additional diagentic processes. The combination in analysing different fossil groups with additional analysis of istotopic, magnetostratigraphic, cyclostratigraphic and geochemical features will help to extract details of the Upper Triassic history around one of the most severe crisis in the Mesozoic time, the Carnian Crisis. Investigations, undertaken at sections (e.g. Asagiyaylabel) possessing this time interval, can work as proxy for the major Upper Triassic Tethyan crisis. Environmental changes as displayed by the sea level and climate can become more obvious and the ‘motor' behind the demise better understood.

Mayrhofer, Susanne; Lukeneder, Alexander

2010-05-01

451

[Efficacy of isosorbide in aerosol form in the management of hypertensive crisis in severe preeclampsia].  

PubMed

In this assay, we evaluated the utility of isosorbide given by a sprayer in the management of hypertensive crisis of severe preeclampsia. 36 pregnant women with severe preeclampsia received fluid therapy and were randomly dividend in two groups of 18 patients each. Group A, received isosorbide in spray 1.25 mg when admitted and a second dose 10 minutes after if mean arterial blood pressure decreased less than 15%. and group B, in whom 4 g of magnesium sulphate was infused in one hour and then 1 g each hour for a maximum of five hours. In all patients blood pressure, proteinuria, fetal and maternal heart rate and Apgar score at minute and five minutes were obtained. In Group A 13 patients had a significative blood pressure reduction with one application and 5 needed a second one (p < 0.002). fetal (p < 0.005), and maternal (p < 0.005) heart rate also had a significative reduction. Whereas three patients in Group B did not respond and the rest had a poor blood pressure control (p > 0.05) with no changes in fetal and maternal heart rate. No patient developed eclampsia. When compared both groups, there were a significative difference for blood pressure (p < 0.005), fetal heart rate (p < 0.002), maternal heart rate (p < 0.05) and Apgar at minute (p < 0.01) in isosorbide's group. Our data suggest that isosorbide given by a sprayer is effective and safer in the management of the hypertensive crisis of severe preeclampsia. PMID:9745191

Vargas Ayala, G; Salmerón Pérez, I; Sánchez García, A R; Jiménez Acevedo, A L; Rubio Guerra, A F

1998-08-01

452

Civil protection preparedness and response to the 2007 eruptive crisis of Stromboli volcano, Italy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stromboli, one of the very few tourist volcanic islands in the world in permanent state of activity, has been the site of two important volcanic crises coupled with slope failure episodes in 2002-2003 and 2007. Due to the lucky circumstance that both crises have occurred in winter, the actual consequences on people were moderate. Nevertheless, the first crisis caused a few injuries, threatened the local population and caused relevant economic losses. The emotional impact on public opinion of the 30th December 2002 tsunami acted, in particular, as a trigger for civil protection initiatives aimed at structurally improving the standard volcano safety and preparedness measures to effectively deal with future crises. The main initiatives carried out during the 2003 crisis consisted in the setting up of: 1) new geophysical and geochemical volcano surveillance networks and 2) a local, permanent scientific/civil protection structure (COA, Centro Operativo Avanzato), where signals from volcano monitoring are visualized in real time and eventually used by the personnel of the Department of Civil Protection (DPC) for immediate activation of response procedures. This was followed by the setting up, in 2005, at the (DPC) in Rome, of a centre named "Centro Funzionale Centrale Rischio Vulcanico" (CFCRV), where the most relevant monitoring signals of Italian active volcanoes are visualized in real time and where activities of simple elaboration, for hazard assessment purpose are daily carried out and data sharing within the scientific community is coordinated by civil protection personnel with training in volcanic problems. The response effectiveness of the new system was tested on February-March 2007 when a new volcanic crisis occurred. An internal DPC "state of attention" was declared by the CF 15 days before the eruption onset when seismic and deformation parameters showed an abrupt increase up to values much higher than background. On February 27th the sudden onset of explosive activity outside the main craters and the occurrence of a small landslide down slope of the active craters were detected in real time on the screens of the CFCRV and by monitoring centres of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) and University of Florence (UNIFI). This enabled the DPC to immediately activate emergency crisis procedures and start a coordinated management of the crisis between civil protection personnel in Rome and COA. As accelerating slope movements were detected by ground deformation monitoring of UNIFI, a tsunami warning was launched shortly afterward. Warnings were also declared on 8th March and 15th March when slope movements resumed and a large explosion at the central craters occurred, respectively. From the end of February to May 2007 a scientific committee named "Scientific Synthesis Group" (SSG), appointed by the DPC, made daily evaluations of impending hazards in cooperation with CFCRV. During the crisis the DPC coordinated information activities with the media and island residents. The successful managing of the crisis consisted in minimizing risk for people and meanwhile facilitating normal activities and regular access to island.

Bertolaso, G.; De Bernardinis, B.; Bosi, V.; Cardaci, C.; Ciolli, S.; Colozza, R.; Cristiani, C.; Mangione, D.; Ricciardi, A.; Rosi, M.; Scalzo, A.; Soddu, P.

2009-05-01

453

A review of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's response to the HIV/AIDS crisis among Blacks in the United States, 1981-2009.  

PubMed

Among US racial/ethnic groups, Blacks are at the highest risk of acquiring HIV/AIDS. In response, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has launched the Heightened National Response to Address the HIV/AIDS Crisis Among African Americans, which seeks to engage public and nonpublic partners in a synergistic effort to prevent HIV among Blacks. The CDC also recently launched Act Against AIDS, a campaign to refocus attention on the domestic HIV/AIDS crisis. Although the CDC's efforts to combat HIV/AIDS among Blacks have achieved some success, more must be done to address this crisis. New initiatives include President Obama's goal of developing a National HIV/AIDS Strategy to reduce HIV incidence, decrease HIV-related health disparities, and increase access to care, especially among Blacks and other disproportionately affected populations. PMID:19797748

Sutton, Madeline Y; Jones, Rhondette L; Wolitski, Richard J; Cleveland, Janet C; Dean, Hazel D; Fenton, Kevin A

2009-10-01

454

Political and Economic Crisis in Russia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines the tumultuous state of affairs in Russia. The ten resources discussed offer background, news, analysis, and commentary. In recent weeks, political turmoil and economic chaos have severely threatened Russia's stability as an emerging free-market democracy, prompting regional governor and former general Alexander Lebed to say that "the situation in Russia is catastrophic--worse than in 1917." Russia's latest political upheaval began on August 23 when the unpredictable President Boris Yeltsin discharged his prime minister, Sergei Kiriyenko, and reinstalled the previous prime minister, Viktor Chernomyrdin (see the April 7, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences). Chernomyrdin plans to create an "economic dictatorship" in Russia and to print billions of rubles to avoid total economic collapse. Yesterday, in an approval ballot to reinstate Chernomyrdin as prime minister, the Duma rejected his appointment for the second time in two weeks. Analysts predict that next week a subsequent ballot for approval will fail, the Duma will dissolve, and Yeltsin will rule by decree, without a functioning government, until new parliamentary elections are held. Russian political dissension has been induced by the country's severe financial crisis. On September 6, the Russia economy suffered a blow when the European Union decided not to offer money to Russia and spurned a moratorium on debts Russia owes to EU members. Today in another setback, chairman of the central bank, Sergei Dubinin, tendered his resignation. These events, compounded by ruble devaluation, limited tax revenue, and skittish foreign investments, have left the economy in shambles, despite the recent receipt of an enormous loan from the International Monetary Fund (discussed in the July 16, 1998 Scout Report for Business & Economics).

Osmond, Andrew.

1998-01-01

455

Crisis Leadership: Using Military Lessons, Organizational Experiences, and the Power of Influence To Lessen the Impact of Chaos on the People You Lead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managing a crisis and providing leadership in a crisis are not the same activity. Crisis leadership principally deals with how leaders handle the human response to a crisis, including their own. This book, in discussing crisis leadership, focuses on three questions: (1) Will the leader address the crisis head-on, take action to fix it, and, if…

Klann, Gene

456

45 CFR 96.89 - Exemption from standards for providing energy crisis intervention assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Exemption from standards for providing energy crisis intervention assistance. ...BLOCK GRANTS Low-income Home Energy Assistance Program § 96.89 Exemption from standards for providing energy crisis intervention...

2013-10-01

457

Global Financial Crisis: The Role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). (Updated February 4, 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses two potential roles the International Monetary Fund (IMF) may have in helping to resolve the current global financial crisis: (1) immediate crisis control through balance of payments lending to emerging market and less-developed coun...

M. A. Weiss

2009-01-01

458

Global Financial Crisis: The Role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses two potential roles the International Monetary Fund (IMF) may have in helping to resolve the current global financial crisis: (1) immediate crisis control through balance of payments lending to emerging market and less-developed coun...

M. A. Weiss

2008-01-01

459

Krisenkommunikation - Problemstand, Fallstudien und Empfehlungen. (Crisis communication - state of the problem, case studies, and recommendations).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Methods of communication termed 'crisis communication' are such methods that do not relate to future events but to current, recently triggered or chronically persistent, crisis events. The first part of the expertise deals with the central categories of s...

W. R. Dombrowsky

1991-01-01

460

[Economic crisis and mental health. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

Studies published before the financial crisis of 2008 suggest that economic difficulties contribute to poorer mental health. The IMPACT study conducted in primary health care centers in Spain found a significant increase in common mental disorders. Between 2006 and 2010, mood disorders increased by 19%, anxiety disorders by 8% and alcohol abuse disorders by 5%. There were also gender differences, with increased alcohol dependence in women during the crisis period. The most important risk factor for this increase was unemployment. In parallel, antidepressant consumption has increased in recent years, although there has not been a significant inrease in the number of suicides. Finally, the study offers some proposals to reduce the impact of the crisis on mental health: increased community services, employment activation measures, and active policies to reduce alcohol consumption and prevent suicidal behavior, particularly among young people. PMID:24661346

Gili, Margalida; García Campayo, Javier; Roca, Miquel

2014-06-01

461

Hyperreflection groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce the concept of hyperreflection groups, which are a\\u000ageneralization of Coxeter groups. We prove the Deletion and Exchange Conditions\\u000afor hyperreflection groups, and we discuss special subgroups and fundamental\\u000asectors of hyperreflection groups. In the second half of the paper, we prove\\u000athat Coxeter groups and graph products of groups are examples of\\u000ahyperreflection groups.

David G. Radcliffe

2010-01-01

462

Crisis management during anaesthesia: the development of an anaesthetic crisis management manual  

PubMed Central

Background: All anaesthetists have to handle life threatening crises with little or no warning. However, some cognitive strategies and work practices that are appropriate for speed and efficiency under normal circumstances may become maladaptive in a crisis. It was judged in a previous study that the use of a structured "core" algorithm (based on the mnemonic COVER ABCD–A SWIFT CHECK) would diagnose and correct the problem in 60% of cases and provide a functional diagnosis in virtually all of the remaining 40%. It was recommended that specific sub-algorithms be developed for managing the problems underlying the remaining 40% of crises and assembled in an easy-to-use manual. Sub-algorithms were therefore developed for these problems so that they could be checked for applicability and validity against the first 4000 anaesthesia incidents reported to the Australian Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS). Methods: The need for 24 specific sub-algorithms was identified. Teams of practising anaesthetists were assembled and sets of incidents relevant to each sub-algorithm were identified from the first 4000 reported to AIMS. Based largely on successful strategies identified in these reports, a set of 24 specific sub-algorithms was developed for trial against the 4000 AIMS reports and assembled into an easy-to-use manual. A process was developed for applying each component of the core algorithm COVER at one of four levels (scan-check-alert/ready-emergency) according to the degree of perceived urgency, and incorporated into the manual. The manual was disseminated at a World Congress and feedback was obtained. Results: Each of the 24 specific crisis management sub-algorithms was tested against the relevant incidents among the first 4000 reported to AIMS and compared with the actual management by the anaesthetist at the time. It was judged that, if the core algorithm had been correctly applied, the appropriate sub-algorithm would have been resolved better and/or faster in one in eight of all incidents, and would have been unlikely to have caused harm to any patient. The descriptions of the validation of each of the 24 sub-algorithms constitute the remaining 24 papers in this set. Feedback from five meetings each attended by 60–100 anaesthetists was then collated and is included. Conclusion: The 24 sub-algorithms developed form the basis for developing a rational evidence-based approach to crisis management during anaesthesia. The COVER component has been found to be satisfactory in real life resuscitation situations and the sub-algorithms have been used successfully for several years. It would now be desirable for carefully designed simulator based studies, using naive trainees at the start of their training, to systematically examine the merits and demerits of various aspects of the sub-algorithms. It would seem prudent that these sub-algorithms be regarded, for the moment, as decision aids to support and back up clinicians' natural responses to a crisis when all is not progressing as expected.

Runciman, W; Kluger, M; Morris, R; Paix, A; Watterson, L; Webb, R

2005-01-01

463

Global analyses of crisis and stochastic bifurcation in the hardening Helmholtz-Duffing oscillator  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis and stochastic bifurcation of the hardening Helmholtz-Duffing oscillator are studied by means of the generalized cell\\u000a mapping method using digraph. For the system subject to a single deterministic harmonic excitation, our study reveals that\\u000a a series of crisis phenomena can occur when the system parameter passes through different critical values, including chaotic\\u000a boundary crisis, regular boundary crisis and interior

Wei Xu; XiaoLe Yue

2010-01-01

464

Multifractal Analysis of Asian Foreign Exchange Markets and Financial Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze the multifractal spectra of daily foreign exchange rates for Japan, Hong-Kong, Korea, and Thailand with respect to the United States Dollar from 1991 to 2005. We find that the return time series show multifractal spectrum features for all four cases. To observe the effect of the Asian currency crisis, we also estimate the multifractal spectra of limited series before and after the crisis. We find that the Korean and Thai foreign exchange markets experienced a significant increase in multifractality compared to Hong-Kong and Japan. We also show that the multifractality is stronge related to the presence of high values of returns in the series.

Oh, Gabjin; Kwon, Okyu; Jung, Woo-Sung

2012-02-01

465

Rifampicin induced adrenal crisis in an uncommon setting.  

PubMed

Adrenal crisis occurs when there is decreased secretions of steroid hormones (mainly cortisol) from the adrenal glands due to varied reasons. It may arise due to a primary adrenal condition or due to decreased hormonal signals from the pituitary secondary to a hypofunctioning pituitary. Hypopituitarism may result due to direct causes like trauma, tumour, infection or it may be due to some vascular insult as seen in Sheehan syndrome. We report an unusual presentation of Sheehan syndrome in the form of life-threatening adrenal crisis precipitated by the usage of rifampicin. PMID:24339502

Ray, Animesh; Suri, J C; Gupta, Mansi

2013-10-01

466

Correlation of financial markets in times of crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of correlations matrices of some of the main financial market indices in the world, we show that high volatility of markets is directly linked with strong correlations between them. This means that markets tend to behave as one during great crashes. In order to do so, we investigate financial market crises that occurred in the years 1987 (Black Monday), 1998 (Russian crisis), 2001 (Burst of the dot-com bubble and September 11), and 2008 (Subprime Mortgage Crisis), which mark some of the largest downturns of financial markets in the last three decades.

Sandoval, Leonidas; Franca, Italo De Paula

2012-01-01

467

Food production and the energy crisis.  

PubMed

The principal raw material of modern U.S. agriculture is fossil fuel, whereas the labor input is relatively small (about 9 hours per crop acre). As agriculture is dependent upon fossil energy, crop production costs will also soar when fuel costs increase two- to fivefold. A return of 2.8 kcal of corn per 1 kcal of fuel input may then be uneconomical. Green revolution agriculture also uses high energy crop production technology, especially with respect to fertilizers and pesticides. While one may not doubt the sincerity of the U.S. effort to share its agricultural technology so that the rest of the world can live and eat as it does, one must be realistic about the resources available to accomplish this mission. In the United States we are currently using an equivalent of 80 gallons of gasoline to produce an acre of corn. With fuel shortages and high prices to come, we wonder if many developing nations will be able to afford the technology of U.S. agriculture. Problems have already occurred with green revolution crops, particularly problems related to pests (57). More critical problems are expected when there is a world energy crisis. A careful assessment should be made of the benefits, costs, and risks of high energy-demand green revolution agriculture in order to be certain that this program will not aggravate the already serious world food situation (58). To reduce energy inputs, green revolution and U.S. agriculture might employ such alternatives as rotations and green manures to reduce the high energy demand of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. U.S. agriculture might also reduce energy expenditures by substituting some manpower currently displaced by mechanization. While no one knows for certain what changes will have to be made, we can be sure that when conventional energy resources become scarce and expensive, the impact on agriculture as an industry and a way of life will be significant. This analysis is but a preliminary investigation of a significant agricultural problem that deserves careful attention and greater study before the energy situation becomes more critical. PMID:17832454

Pimentel, D; Hurd, L E; Bellotti, A C; Forster, M J; Oka, I N; Sholes, O D; Whitman, R J

1973-11-01

468

Advances in crisis management of the suicidal patient: perspectives from patients.  

PubMed

This paper discusses crisis intervention with the suicidal client from the perspective of two clients who discuss both the strengths and challenges they have encountered while in crisis. The paper then discusses a model for understanding a suicidal crisis and a template for intervention. PMID:17257518

Bergmans, Yvonne; Brown, Adrienne L; Carruthers, Anne S H

2007-02-01

469

Crisis management, capabilities and preparedness: the case of public hospitals in Iran.  

PubMed

Crises occurred in recent decades show that organizations' preparedness to predict and respond to undesired problems is directly related to the degree of their capabilities and preparedness to manage crises in this context, hospitals compared to other organizations are more viable to suffer damages if a crisis occurs. This study investigates the degree of public hospitals capabilities and preparedness to handled possible crises. Responses from hospital managers and directors show that most of them were not familiar with crisis management, while majority of them mentioned that they had crisis management plan and committee in their hospitals. Moreover, most of the respondents believed that if a crisis occurs in the hospital, patients, personnel and documents will be the first victims of the crisis. The study also indicates that having a crisis plan and crisis committee without being familiar with knowledge of crisis management, do not help managers to cope with crisis. Moreover, correlations show that older managers were more familiar with crisis management experiences abroad, and defined responsibilities contributed to setting up crisis committee, and taking crisis seriously. PMID:21391445

Najafbagy, Reza

2010-01-01

470

The Satisfaction of Pretended Insight: The Iranian Crisis in Selected U.S. Editorial Cartoons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of a year's worth of editorial cartoons portraying the U.S. hostage crisis in Iran indicates a surprising lack of coverage or treatment of the deposed Shah and his subsequent admission into the United States as factors precipitating the crisis. Throughout the crisis, cartoonists focused on providing readers with some insight into…

DeSousa, Michael A.

471

THE NEXUS BETWEEN FINANCIAL CRISIS AND HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION: EVIDENCE FROM EMERGING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper stains to test the effects of financial crisis on household consumption. More specifically, an aggregate annual data from 36 emerging countries from 1990-2012, is used to estimate a model that capture the interrelationship between financial crisis and household consumption. Our findings show that emerging countries that have experienced financial crisis during the last three decades tend to experience

Abdelhafidh Dhrifi

2014-01-01

472

A Coordinated Mental Health Crisis Response: Lessons Learned from Three Colorado School Shootings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a crisis response framework based on the authors' first-hand experience following three Colorado school shootings. During each crisis response, one or more of the authors joined school and/or district crisis teams, providing direct assistance and leadership. The authors' experiences helped guide subsequent responses and…

Crepeau-Hobson, Franci; Sievering, Kathryn S.; Armstrong, Charlotte; Stonis, Julie

2012-01-01

473

Power spectrum of chaotic motion near a crisis of a one-dimensional map  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is shown that the power spectrum of chaotic motion near a crisis of a one-dimensional map is made up of two Lorentzian components with different characteristic times. The power spectra just below the crisis threshold and above the crisis are shown and discussed. The average duration of the +phi state and the distribution function of the duration of this

Yoshihiro Yamaguchi; H. Minowa

1985-01-01

474

GeoCollaborative Crisis Management: Using Maps to Mediate EOC-Mobile Team Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing large scale and distributed crisis events is a national priority; and it is a priority that presents information technology challenges to the responsible government agencies. Geographical information systems (with their ability to map out evolving crisis events, affected human and infrastructure assets, as well as actions taken and resources applied) have been indispensable in all stages of crisis management.

Guoray Cai; Levent Bolelli; Alan M. Maceachren; Rajeev Sharma; Sven Fuhrmann; Michael D. Mcneese

2004-01-01

475

Crisis Intervention & Non-Violent Restraint: What's Your Action-Step?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a written version of a workshop on crisis intervention and non-violent restraint. It is geared towards staff responding to crisis calls, and the supervision of crisis intervention in public schools. Reaction to death threats, bomb scares, and weapons are discussed. The NOVA and NEAT principles are briefly integrated into this…

Torem, Chris

476

Interpreting the Asian Financial Crisis: Open Issues in Theory and Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the theoretical and policy debate on the Crisis in South East Asia. After contrasting competing interpretations of the crisis, the paper presents stylized facts about fundamental imbalances in the economies of the region before the currency collapse. Then, it reviews current theories of currency and financial instability, assessing them as interpretive schemes of the crisis. In light

Giancarlo Corsetti

477

A consumer's view of crisis communication: Can an organization benefit from having a response plan?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis communication research establishes the importance of relationships between organizations and their publics. While theoretical treatments and case studies support this relationship, limited empirical investigations have examined how organizational responses to crisis influence public responses. This study sought to determine if grocery shoppers responded differently to organizations engaging in crisis communication practices and those that do not. Results indicate that

Brianne M. Racer; Danette Ifert Johnson

2001-01-01

478

The Impact and Countermeasure Study of the World Economic Crisis on Chinese Family Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the end of 2007, subprime mortgage crisis broke out in America, and then it gradually evolved into global economic crisis and spread to other countries. The international financial situation has been deteriorating sharply and has rapidly evolved into the most serious international economic crisis since the \\

Jiang Jun; Hu Shaolong

2010-01-01

479

Program Evaluation of the "PREPaRE" School Crisis Prevention and Intervention Training Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study details a program evaluation of the "PREPaRE School Crisis Prevention and Intervention Training Curriculum" ("PREPaRE"), conducted in the United States and Canada between 2009 and 2011. Significant improvements in crisis prevention and intervention attitudes and knowledge were shown among 875 "Crisis Prevention…

Nickerson, Amanda B.; Serwacki, Michelle L.; Brock, Stephen E.; Savage, Todd A.; Woitaszewski, Scott A.; Louvar Reeves, Melissa A.

2014-01-01

480

The Role of Online Shopping and Fulfillment in the Hong Kong SARS Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SARS crisis in Hong Kong during early 2003 dramatically changed consumer behavior. These changes contributed to the high indirect and secondary costs that characterized this crisis. In this paper we investigate the role online shopping played during the SARS crisis and how future growth in online shopping might influence consumer behavior in future crises. Using data from Hong Kong's

Paul W. Forster; Ya Tang

2005-01-01

481

Crisis Revisited: An Analysis of Strategies Used by Tylenol in the Second Tampering Episode.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates how Johnson & Johnson's crisis communication management adhered to many of the recommended guidelines for managing contingency planning, for mobilizing a crisis communication effort, and for post-crisis communication. Reveals the advantageous use of flexible, proactive, and corollary communication strategies. (MS)

Benson, James A.

1988-01-01

482

Integrating Public Relations and Legal Responses during a Crisis: The Case of Odwalla, Inc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the crisis-communication strategies employed by Odwalla, Inc. during its juice contamination crisis, a crisis whose impact on public health and safety gave it the potential for developing into an issue that required public policy relief. Finds that public-relations response strategies dominated legal response strategies, followed by mixed…

Martinelli, Kathleen A.; Briggs, William

1998-01-01

483

Studying Crisis Communication From the Subaltern Studies Framework: Grassroots Activism in the Wake of Hurricane Katrina  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dominant crisis communication literature has 3 limitations: its managerial bias, functionalistic orientation, and the erasure of marginalized voices by focusing on restituting the status quo. Due to these limitations, studies that aim to understand crisis experiences, interpretive processes, and communicative responses of the politically less powerful and resource-poor are scarce in the crisis communication literature. Drawing upon the subaltern

Induk Kim; Mohan J. Dutta

2009-01-01

484

Public Relations in the Airline Industry: The Crisis Response to the September 11th Attacks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public relations efforts of the U.S. airlines to restore consumer confidence in the industry in the wake of the 9\\/11 crisis are examined in this manuscript. The data demonstrate that following the crisis, the airlines engaged in strategic communication to restore their image and that of the industry as a whole. Also, following the prescriptions of crisis communication theory,

Joseph Eric Massey

2005-01-01

485

Integrating public relations and legal responses during a crisis: The case of Odwalla, Inc  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis management is a form of issues management in which crisis managers attempt to control the terms used to describe corporate actions. In this sense, a crisis can be seen as an opportunity to demonstrate the organization's commitment to responsible behavior and to outline the steps being taken to eliminate the problem. The organization's decision-making process is evident in its

Kathleen A. Martinelli; William Briggs

1998-01-01

486

Crisis intervention team officer dispatch, assessment, and disposition: Interactions with individuals with severe mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) model is a specialized police response program for people in a mental illness crisis. We analyzed 2174 CIT officers' reports from one community, which were completed during a five year period. These officers' reports described interactions with people presumed to be in a mental illness crisis. We used hierarchical logistic and multinomial regression analyses to

Christian Ritter; Jennifer L. S. Teller; Kristen Marcussen; Mark R. Munetz; Brent Teasdale

2011-01-01

487

The heat transfer crisis in rod bundles with a capped bottom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on an experimental investigation of the heat transfer crisis in rod bundles with a capped bottom that is carried out. The heat transfer crisis under these conditions is shown to be due to the hydrodynamic crisis of flooding of the upper heated section by the counter-current flows of steam and water. The cross-section mean void fraction in

B. F. Balunov; Y. N. Ilyukhin; Y. L. Smirnov

2009-01-01

488

Chaos, crises and disasters: a strategic approach to crisis management in the tourism industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines and discusses a strategic and holistic approach to crisis management for the tourism industry. It notes the growing importance of crisis and disaster management for the tourism industry before exploring the definitions and nature of crises and disasters. The paper then proposes a strategic approach to their management from proactive pre-crisis planning through strategic implementation and finally

Brent W. Ritchie

2004-01-01

489

Groups32  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A group theory calculator. Groups32 computes information about groups of orders 1-32; has a permutation group package; and provides a search for groups with given generators and relations. Site includes documentation as well as course handouts in PDF format.

2007-11-08

490

Residential Group Care Quarterly. Volume 5, Number 3, Winter 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Residential Group Care Quarterly" contains the following articles: (1) "Promising Practices for Adequately Funding and Reimbursing Residential Services" (Lloyd Bullard); (2) "Closing the Gender Gap" (Erin Andersen); (3) "Residential Child Care: Guidelines for Physical Techniques, Crisis Prevention, and Management" (Kurk Lalemand);…

Michael, Jennifer, Ed.

2005-01-01

491

Changes in the household calorie supply during the 1994 economic crisis in Mexico and its implications on the obesity epidemic.  

PubMed

To characterize the effects of the 1994 economic crisis on calorie sources of Mexican households, five nutrition surveys done every leap year (1992-2000) in national representative samples (> 10,000 households) were analyzed. Each household was visited during 7 days to collect data on foods purchased, exchanged or home-grown and their monetary value. We selected 88 food items to calculate kilocalories/ person/day and cost in pesos/megacalorie (CPMC) for rural-urban strata (localities < 2500, > or = 2500). The food items were classified in 8 groups and the summation of kilocalories and CPMCs of items in each group were our units of analysis. Linear regressions for 1992-2000 were performed, and slopes and intercepts were used to characterize changes. Available calories showed very little change at the height of the economic crisis. Expensive calories (meat in urbans, eggs and milk in rurals, and industrialized meat and soft drinks in both) tended to increase, whereas the most inexpensive staples (cereals, legumes, sugars) decreased their share in both strata. An increase in obesigenic calories was seen, notably in soft drinks, despite a cost increase second only to meat. Main conclusions were: (1) the economic crisis did not affect total calories availability in Mexican households; (2) the 1992-2000 trends in calorie sources were contrary to any crisis effect in rurals and urbans (i.e., expensive foods increased and inexpensive staples decreased); (3) there were sizable rural-urban differences in number, source, and cost of calories; and (4) obesigenic calories increased and soft drinks emerged as a food with its own dynamic. PMID:15387484

Arroyo, Pedro; Loria, Alvar; Méndez, Oscar

2004-07-01