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1

CrisisGroup  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Crisis Group (ICG) is a private, multinational organization "committed to strengthening the capacity of the international community to anticipate, understand and act to prevent and contain conflict." The ICG, which is chaired by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari, is headquartered in Brussels and has advocacy offices in Washington DC, New York, and Paris. The organization currently operates field projects in nineteen crisis-affected countries and four continents: Algeria, Burundi, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and Zimbabwe in Africa; Myanmar, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan in Asia; Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia in Europe; and Colombia in Latin America. Teams of political analysts gather information from a wide range of sources, assess local conditions, and produce regular analytical reports, containing "practical recommendations targeted at key international decision-takers." For those users interested in exploring publications on issues related to conflict prevention and management, this is definitely a place to start. The heading "Browse by publication type," located on the main website, will allow users to browse a variety of resoures such as reports, briefings, speeches, podcasts and other multimedia and the latest news releases.

2002-01-01

2

ICG fluorescence imaging and its medical applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a novel optical angiography system, and introduces its medical applications. We developed the optical enhanced imaging system which can observe the blood and lymphatic vessels as the Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence image. The imaging system consists of 760nm light emitted diode (LED) as excite light, CCD camera as a detector, a high-pass optical filter in front of the CCD and video processing system. The advantage of ICG fluorescence method is safe (radiation free), high sensitive, real time monitoring of blood and/or lymphatic flow, small size, easy to operate and cost effective compared to conventional X-ray angiography or scintigraphy. We have applied this method to several clinical applications such as breast cancer sentinel lymph node (SLN) navigation, lymph edema diagnostic and identification of liver segmentation. In each application, ICG fluorescence method shows useful result. It's indicated that this method is promising technique as optical angiography.

Miwa, Mitsuharu; Shikayama, Takahiro

2008-12-01

3

ICG laser therapy of acne vulgaris  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The near-infrared (NIR) laser radiation due to its high penetration depth is widely used in phototherapy. In application to skin appendages a high selectivity of laser treatment is needed to prevent light action on surrounding tissues. Indocyanine Green (ICG) dye may provide a high selectivity of treatment due to effective ICG uploading by a target and its narrow band of considerable absorption just at the wavelength of the NIR diode laser. The goal of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of the NIR diode laser phototherapy in combination with topical application of ICG suggested for soft and thermal treatment of acne vulgaris. 28 volunteers with facile or back-located acne were enrolled. Skin sites of subjects were stained by ICG and irradiated by NIR laser-diode light (803 or 809 nm). Untreated, only stained and only light irradiated skin areas served as controls. For soft acne treatment, the low-intensity (803 nm, 10 - 50 mW/cm2, 5-10 min) or the medium-intensity (809 nm, 150 - 190 mW/cm2, 15 min) protocols were used. The single and multiple (up to 8-9) treatments were provided. The individual acne lesions were photothermally treated at 18 W/cm2 (803 nm, 0.5 sec) without skin surface cooling or at 200 W/cm2 (809 nm, 0.5 sec) with cooling. The results of the observations during 1-2 months after the completion of the treatment have shown that only in the case of the multiple-wise treatment a combined action of ICG and NIR irradiation reduces inflammation and improves skin state during a month without any side effects. At high power densities (up to 200 W/cm2) ICG stained acne inflammatory elements were destructed for light exposures of 0.5 sec. Based on the concept that hair follicle, especially sebaceous gland, can be intensively and selectively stained by ICG due to dye diffusion through pilosebaceous canal and its fast uptake by living microorganisms, by vital keratinocytes of epithelium of the canal and sebaceous duct, and by rapidly proliferating sebocytes, new technologies of soft and thermal acne lesions treatment that could be used in clinical treatment of acne were proposed.

Tuchin, Valery V.; Altshuler, Gregory B.; Genina, Elina A.; Bashkatov, Alexey N.; Simonenko, Georgy V.; Odoevskaya, Olga D.; Yaroslavsky, Ilya V.

2004-07-01

4

Development of anti-HER2 conjugated ICG-loaded polymeric nanoparticles for targeted optical imaging of ovarian cancer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Targeted delivery of therapeutic and imaging agents using surface modified nanovectors has been explored immensely in recent years. The growing demand for site-specific and efficient delivery of nanovectors entails stable surface conjugation of targeting moieties. We have developed a polymeric nanocapsule doped with Indocyanine green (ICG) with potential for targeted and deep tissue optical imaging and phototherapy. Our ICG-loaded nanocapsules (ICG-NCs) have potential for covalent coupling of various targeting moieties and materials due to presence of amine groups on the surface. Here, we covalently bioconjugate polyethylene glycol(PEG)-coated ICG-NCs with monoclonal antibody against HER2 through reductive amination-mediated procedures. The irreversible and stable bonds are formed between anti- EGFR and aldehyde termini of PEG chains on the surface of ICG-NCs. We confirm the uptake of conjugated ICG-NCs by ovarian cancer cells over-expressing HER2 using fluorescent confocal microscopy. The proposed process for covalent attachment of anti-HER2 to PEGylated ICG-NCs can be used as a methodology for bioconjugation of various antibodies to such nano-constrcuts, and provides the capability to use these optically active nano-probes for targeted optical imaging of ovarian and other cancer types.

Bahmani, Baharak; Vullev, Valentine; Anvari, Bahman

2012-03-01

5

Effect of nano-encapsulation on photophysical properties of ICG  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indocyanine green (ICG) is an FDA-approved infrared chromophore used for various biomedical applications such as cardiac and hepatic function evaluation, and ophthalmic angiography. Despite its clinical applications, freely dissolved ICG binds non-specifically to various plasma proteins resulting in changes in its near infrared (NIR) emission properties and rapid elimination from the vasculature. To overcome these shortcomings, we have encapsulated ICG within polymeric nano-constructs composed of poly allylamine hydrochloride (PAH) cross-linked with di-sodium hydrogen phosphate (Na2HPO4). To optimize the photophysical properties of nano-encapsulated ICG (NE-ICG) for clinical imaging applications, we report measurements of fluorescent quantum yield (?) of NE-ICG. Specifically, we constructed capsules of three different diameters (~130, ~240, and ~450 nm). Our preliminary results indicate that NE-ICG shows less quantum yield compared to freely-dissolved ICG. We determined that the 240 nm diameter capsule to have the highest ? and 450 nm diameter capsules to have the least ? at room temperature.

Gupta, Sharad; Thenkondar, Kumar; Mehta, Hardik; Bahmani, Baharak; Vullev, Valentine; Anvari, Bahman

2011-03-01

6

Effects of ICG concentration and particle diameter on photophysical properties of ICG-doped nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The variety of nanoparticles developed by numerous investigators has presented a diverse platform for various optical imaging applications in biomedicine. We have previously reported that the FDA-approved chromophore Indocyanine Green (ICG) can be successfully encapsulated by cross-linked poly-allylamine hydrochloride (PAH)-Disodium Monophosphate (Na2HPO4) to form a nanoparticle for near-infrared imaging applications. The diameter of the constructs is dependent on the charge ratio between the polymer and salt used to encapsulate the chromophore. Modifications of the synthesis methods can alter the photophysical properties of the capsules, either through the adjustment of the charge ratio between PAH and Na2HPO4 or concentration of ICG successfully impregnated into the capsule. Through understanding the effects of tuning the nanoparticle properties, the photophysical characteristics of the constructs can be optimized. Here we present the results of adjusting the diameter of the nanoparticle and amount of ICG on the hydrodynamic diameters, absorption and fluorescence characteristics, and the relative fluorescence quantum yield. Optimizing the photophysical properties of the constructs can lead to increased imaging sensitivity and contrast for potential translational applications, including tumor imaging, which may utilize these nanoconstructs.

Crovisier, Jason; Bahmani, Baharak; Saleh, Reema; Vullev, Valentine; Anvari, Bahman

2014-03-01

7

ICG-loaded polymeric nanocapsules functionalized with anti-HER2 for targeted fluorescence imaging and photodestruction of ovarian cancer cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical nano-materials present a promising platform for targeted molecular imaging of cancer biomarkers and its photodestruction. Our group is investigating the use of polymeric nanoparticles, loaded with indocyanine green, an FDA-approved chromophore, as a theranostic agent for targeted intraoperative optical imaging and laser-mediated destruction of ovarian cancer. These ICG-loaded nanocapsules (ICG-NCs) can be functionalized by covalent attachment of targeting moieties onto their surface. Here, we investigate ICG-NCs functionalized with anti-HER2 for targeted fluorescence imaging and laser-mediated destruction of ovarian cancer cells in vitro. ICG-NCs are formed through ionic cross-linking between polyallylamine hydrochloride chains and sodium phosphate ions followed by diffusion-mediated loading with ICG. Before functionalization with antibodies, the surface of ICG-NCs is coated with single and double aldehyde terminated polyethylene glycol (PEG). The monoclonal anti-HER2 is covalently coupled to the PEGylated ICG-NCs using reductive amination to target the HER2 receptor, a biomarker whose over-expression is associated with increased risk of cancer progression. We quantify uptake of anti-HER2 conjugated ICG-NCs by ovarian cancer cells using flow cytometery. The in-vitro laser-mediated destruction of SKOV3 cells incubated with anti-HER2 functionalized ICG-NCs is performed using an 808 nm diode laser. Cell viability is characterized using the Calcein and Ethidium homodimer-1 assays following laser irradiation. Our results indicate that anti-HER2 functionalized ICG-NCs can be used as theranostic agents for optical molecular imaging and photodestruction of ovarian cancers in-vitro.

Bahmani, Baharak; Guerrero, Yadir; Vullev, Valentine; Singh, Sheela P.; Kundra, Vikas; Anvari, Bahman

2013-03-01

8

Fast CW imager for ICG and Gd kinetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gadolinium (Gd) pharmacokinetics are useful in diagnosis of breast cancer with MRI; previous work has suggested that the pharmacokinetics of indocyanine green (ICG) may prove to be similarly useful in optical mammography. Here, we describe a fast optical imaging device to acquire images of ICG kinetics simultaneously with Gd kinetics and coregister the images. This direct comparison between the widely accepted Gd diagnostic techniques and optical methods is essential for clinical acceptance of optical techniques by the radiological community.

Busch, David R., Jr.; Zhao, Zhongyao; Nioka, Shoko; Yodh, Arjun G.; Schnall, Mitchell; Chance, Britton; Intes, Xavier

2006-02-01

9

Risk, interest groups and the definition of crisis: the case of volcanic ash.  

PubMed

This paper considers a key aspect of the 'risk society' thesis: the belief that we should be able to manage risks and control the world around us. In particular it focuses on the interface between risk and risk events as socially constructed and the insights that 'critical situations' give us into 'the routine and mundane', the otherwise taken for granted assumptions underlying risk regulation. It does this with reference to the events precipitated by the April 2010 volcanic eruption in the Eyjafjallajökull area of Iceland. The resulting cloud of volcanic ash spread across Europe and much of Europe's airspace was closed to civil aviation for six days, with far reaching consequences including huge financial losses for airlines. The social processes of defining and reacting to risk and crisis both reveal and generate dilemmas and challenges in regulation. This paper examines the role of different interest groups in defining risk expectations and thereby redefining the ash crisis as a regulatory crisis. PMID:23998317

Hutter, Bridget M; Lloyd-Bostock, Sally

2013-09-01

10

Group therapy for families facing a cancer crisis.  

PubMed

The impact of the cancer diagnosis and its effects on the lives of patients and family members can put a serious strain on intra-family relationships. This paper describes how to initiate, lead and analyze supportive group therapy meetings for families of individuals with cancer based on our experiences in conducting more than 600 group sessions over the last 12 years. We have found that most families can benefit from multiple-family therapy sessions and that highly-stressed families can benefit significantly from both multiple- and single-family therapy meetings. Discussed is the need for therapists to be alert to non-verbal as well as verbal communications of families and the need for different interacting techniques for each type of therapy group. The meetings aim to overcome family members' resistance to discussing the emotional distress caused by the disease and to encourage them to bring into the open conflicts from the past, anxieties about the present, and fantasies regarding the future. PMID:2755861

Whitman, H H; Gustafson, J P

1989-01-01

11

Endoscope-integrated ICG technology: first application during intracranial aneurysm surgery.  

PubMed

Microscopic indocyanine green videoangiography (mICG-VA) has gained wide acceptance during intracranial aneurysm surgery by lowering rates of incomplete clipping and occlusion of surrounding vessels. However, mICG-VA images are limited to the microscopic view and some deeper areas, including the aneurysm sac/neck posterior side, cannot be efficiently assessed as they are hidden by the aneurysm, clips, or surrounding structures. Contrarily, endoscopes allow a wider area of visualization, but neurosurgical endoscopes to date only provided visual data. We describe the first application of endoscope ICG-integrated technology (eICG) applied in an initial case of anterior communicating artery aneurysm clipping. This new technique provided also relevant information regarding aneurysm occlusion and patency of parent and branching vessels and small perforating arteries. eICG-VA provided additional information compared to mICG-VA by magnifying areas of interest and improving the ability to view less accessible regions, especially posterior to the aneurysm clip. Obtaining eICG sequences required currently the microscope to be moved away from the operating field. eICG-VA was only recorded under infrared illumination which prevented tissue handling, but white-infrared light views could be interchanged instantaneously. Further development of angled endoscopes integrating the ICG technology and dedicated filters blocking the microscopic light could improve visualization capacities even further. In conclusion, as a result of its ability to reveal structures around corners, the eICG-VA technology could be beneficial when used in combination with mICG-VA to visualize and confirm vessel patency in areas that were previously hidden from the microscope. PMID:22918545

Bruneau, Michaël; Appelboom, Geoffrey; Rynkowski, Michal; Van Cutsem, Nathalie; Mine, Benjamin; De Witte, Olivier

2013-01-01

12

Report of the Tort Policy Working Group on the Causes, Extent and Policy Implications of the Current Crisis in Insurance Availability and Affordability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Causes and implications of the crisis in liability insurance availability and affordability are discussed in this report. The working group concluded that tort law is a major issue in the insurance crisis and that the federal government can address that issue. The group also concluded that the federal government can do little to remedy other…

Department of Justice, Washington, DC.

13

Incorporating Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Knowledge and Skills into the Daily Work of Police Officers: A Focus Group Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative focus group study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training\\u000a for police officers. Thematic analysis of transcripts of focus group discussions revealed that officers report increased knowledge\\u000a of mental illnesses (which manifests as an improved ability to recognize and respond, reduced stereotyping\\/stigmatization,\\u000a greater empathy toward consumers and their caregivers, more patience when dealing

Sonya Hanafi; Masuma Bahora; Berivan N. Demir; Michael T. Compton

2008-01-01

14

From Crisis to Transition: The State of Russian Science Based on Focus Groups with Nuclear Physicists  

SciTech Connect

The collapse of the Soviet system led to a sharp contraction of state funding for science. Formerly privileged scientists suddenly confronted miserly salaries (often paid late), plummeting social prestige, deteriorating research facilities and equipment, and few prospects for improvement. Many departed the field of science for more lucrative opportunities, both within Russia and abroad. The number of inventions, patent applications, and publications by Russian scientists declined. Reports of desperate nuclear physicists seeking work as tram operators and conducting hunger strikes dramatized the rapid collapse of one of the contemporary world's most successful scientific establishments. Even more alarming was the 1996 suicide of Vladimir Nechai, director of the second largest nuclear research center in Russia (Chelyabinsk-70, now known as Snezhinsk). Nechai, a respected theoretical physicist who spent almost 40 years working on Soviet and Russian nuclear programs, killed himself because he could no longer endure his inability to rectify a situation in which his employees had not been paid for more than 5 months and were ''close to starvation.'' The travails of Russia's scientists sparked interest in the West primarily because of the security threat posed by their situation. The seemingly relentless crisis in science raised fears that disgruntled scientists might sell their nuclear weapons expertise to countries or organizations that harbor hostile intentions toward the United States. Such concerns are particularly pressing in the wake of the September 2001 terrorist attacks in the US. At the same time, we should not overlook other critical implications that the state of Russian science has for Russia's long-term economic and political development. It is in the West's interest to see Russia develop a thriving market economy and stable democracy. A successful scientific community can help on both counts. Science and technology can attract foreign investment and fuel renewed economic progress in Russia. Russian scientists could also be an important source of support for democratic norms: sociologists of science have long argued that scientists tend to support democracy because it provides them with the freedom in which their research can flourish. At the same time, a more recent study suggests that funding shortages may override the researcher's need for freedom and drive scientists to align themselves with the economic policies espoused by Nationalists and Communists in order to survive. Therefore, much turns on the question: ''What is the state of science in Russia today?'' The good news is that focus group interviews with Russian nuclear physicists conducted in October 2001 suggest that the ''science in crisis'' image is one-sided and misleading. Though scientists still complained about low salaries, lack of respect in society, and other similar issues, the participants in the focus groups also expressed positive sentiments about recent changes in the field of science. To be sure, the financing of science remains at a considerably lower level than during the heyday of Soviet times. Yet, it is now possible to earn a decent living as a scientist because of the greater availability of foreign and domestic grants and contracts. In addition, state funding has stabilized over the past few years. Thus, it is more accurate to say that Russian science is in a state of transition rather than in a state of crisis.

Gerber, T P; Ball, D Y

2001-12-09

15

‘Battlelines for Suez’: The Abadan Crisis of 1951 and the Formation of the Suez Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Abadan crisis was the initial phase of the protracted crisis in Anglo-Persian relations 1951–54, precipitated by Persia's nationalisation of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company in May 1951. For many in the Tory party, it provided the test run of British policy in the Middle East. It seemed to demonstrate what should be the appropriate British response to the challenge of

Sue Onslow

2003-01-01

16

Reuter, C., Heger, O., Pipek, V. (2012): Social Media for Supporting Emergent Groups in Crisis Management. In: Proceedings of the CSCW Workshop on  

E-print Network

84 Reuter, C., Heger, O., Pipek, V. (2012): Social Media for Supporting Emergent Groups in Crisis Reports on Socio Informatics, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 84-92 (ISSN: 1861-4280) Social Media for Supporting.heger@uni-siegen.de, 3 volkmar.pipek@uni-siegen.de Abstract. The great importance of Social Media for our today's life

17

Crisis behavior  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Defense has rules and procedures to minimize the opportunity for error and improper behavior among those with access to strategic weapons, but no psychiatric screening system can predict with assurance who will or will not behave rationally during a crisis. Personal problems and institutional decision-making pressures may destroy nuclear deterrence. Certain features of military life, including drug and alcohol abuse, heavy responsibility, tension, and group decision making, can destreoy rationality. 12 references.

Grinspoon, L.

1984-04-01

18

Promoting Group Work at Key Stage 3: Solving an Attitudinal Crisis among Young Adolescents?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes and behaviour of 1040 pupils aged 12-14 years have been measured at the beginning and end of the school year with a battery of attitude, motivation and personality tests in an investigation of the differential effects of group work compared to whole-class learning. A total of 44 secondary teachers of English, mathematics and science…

Pell, Tony; Galton, Maurice; Steward, Susan; Page, Charlotte; Hargreaves, Linda

2007-01-01

19

Indocyanine Green (ICG) Fluorescent Cholangiography During Robotic Cholecystectomy: Results of 184 Consecutive Cases in a Single Institution.  

PubMed

Background/Aim. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is currently the gold standard treatment for gallstone disease. Bile duct injury is a rare and severe complication of this procedure, with a reported incidence of 0.4% to 0.8% and is mostly a result of misperception and misinterpretation of the biliary anatomy. Robotic cholecystectomy has proven to be a safe and feasible approach. One of the latest innovations in minimally invasive technology is fluorescent imaging using indocyanine green (ICG). The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of ICG and the Da Vinci Fluorescence Imaging Vision System in real-time visualization of the biliary anatomy. Methods. A total of 184 robotic cholecystectomies with ICG fluorescence cholangiography were performed between July 2011 and February 2013. All patients received a dose of 2.5 mg of ICG 45 minutes prior to the beginning of the surgical procedure. The procedures were multiport or single port depending on the case. Results. No conversions to open or laparoscopic surgery occurred in this series. The overall postoperative complication rate was 3.2%. No biliary injuries occurred. ICG fluorescence allowed visualization of at least 1 biliary structure in 99% of cases. The cystic duct, the common bile duct, and the common hepatic duct were successfully visualized with ICG in 97.8%, 96.1%, and 94% of cases, respectively. Conclusions. ICG fluorescent cholangiography during robotic cholecystectomy is a safe and effective procedure that helps real-time visualization of the biliary tree anatomy. PMID:24616013

Daskalaki, Despoina; Fernandes, Eduardo; Wang, Xiaoying; Bianco, Francesco Maria; Elli, Enrique Fernando; Ayloo, Subashini; Masrur, Mario; Milone, Luca; Giulianotti, Pier Cristoforo

2014-12-01

20

Crisis Management Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this column, Crisis Management in the Schools Interest Group members summarize recent crisis management publications. The first article summarized was a meta-analysis of the risk factors associated with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among adults. The second study looked at the presence of life stressors among students who were expelled…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

2009-01-01

21

In vivo non-ionizing photoacoustic mapping of sentinel lymph nodes and bladders with ICG-enhanced carbon nanotubes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate the feasibility of mapping a sentinel lymph node (SLN) and urinary bladder by using modified single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as a nonionizing photoacoustic (PA) contrast agent. To improve the PA sensitivity, indocyanine green (ICG) was conjugated with SWNTs and the optical absorption of SWNTs-ICG was enhanced by approximately four times compared to that of plain SWNTs at a concentration of 0.3 µM. In vivo PA imaging results showed that the SLN and bladder were clearly visualized due to accumulation of SWNTs-ICG. This implies that the SWNTs-ICG could be potentially utilized to identify SLNs in breast cancer patients and tracking vesicoureteral reflux in combination with PA imaging.

Koo, Jasung; Jeon, Mansik; Oh, Yunok; Kang, Hyun Wook; Kim, Jeehyun; Kim, Chulhong; Oh, Junghwan

2012-12-01

22

In vivo laser assisted end-to-end anastomosis with ICG-infused chitosan patches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laser assisted vascular repair is a new optimized technique based on the use of ICG-infused chitosan patch to close a vessel wound, with or even without few supporting single stitches. We present an in vivo experimental study on an innovative end-to-end laser assisted vascular anastomotic (LAVA) technique, performed with the application of ICGinfused chitosan patches. The photostability and the mechanical properties of ICG-infused chitosan films were preliminary measured. The in vivo study was performed in 10 New Zealand rabbits. After anesthesia, a 3-cm segment of the right common carotid artery was exposed, thus clamped proximally and distally. The artery was then interrupted by means of a full thickness cut. Three single microsutures were used to approximate the two vessel edges. The ICG-infused chitosan patch was rolled all over the anastomotic site and welded by the use of a diode laser emitting at 810 nm and equipped with a 300 ?m diameter optical fiber. Welding was obtained by delivering single laser spots to induce local patch/tissue adhesion. The result was an immediate closure of the anastomosis, with no bleeding at clamps release. Thus animals underwent different follow-up periods, in order to evaluate the welded vessels over time. At follow-up examinations, all the anastomoses were patent and no bleeding signs were documented. Samples of welded vessels underwent histological examinations. Results showed that this technique offer several advantages over conventional suturing methods: simplification of the surgical procedure, shortening of the operative time, better re-endothelization and optimal vascular healing process.

Rossi, Francesca; Matteini, Paolo; Esposito, Giuseppe; Scerrati, Alba; Albanese, Alessio; Puca, Alfredo; Maira, Giulio; Rossi, Giacomo; Pini, Roberto

2011-07-01

23

Single wall carbon nanotube/bis carboxylic acid-ICG as a sensitive contrast agent for in vivo tumor imaging in photoacoustic tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we present a novel photoacoustic contrast agent which is based on bis-carboxylic acid derivative of Indocyanine green (ICG) covalently conjugated to single-wall carbon nanotubes (ICG/SWCNT). Covalently attaching ICG to the functionalized SWCNT provides a more robust system that delivers much more ICG to the tumor site. The detection sensitivity of the new contrast agent in mouse tumor model is demonstrated in vivo by our custom built photoacoustic imaging system. PAT summation signal is defined to show the long-term light absorption of tumor areas in ICG injected mice and ICG/SWCNT injected mice. It is shown that ICG is able to provide 33% enhancement at approximately 20 minutes peak response time referred to pre-injection PAT summation level, while ICG/SWCNT provides 128% enhancement at 80 minutes and even higher enhancement of 196% at the end point of experiments (120 minutes on average). Additionally, the ICG/SWCNT enhancement was mainly observed at the tumor periphery as confirmed by fluorescence images of the tumor samples. This feature is highly valuable in guiding surgeons to assess tumor boundaries and dimensions in vivo and improve surgical resection of tumors for achieving clean tumor margins.

Zanganeh, Saeid; Li, Hai; Kumavor, Patrick; Alqasemi, Umar; Aguirre, Andres; Mohammad, Innus; Stanford, Courtney; Smith, Michael B.; Zhu, Quing

2013-03-01

24

Laser-initiated decomposition products of indocyanine green (ICG) and carbon black sensitized biological tissues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organic dyes have found increasing use a s sensitizers in laser surgical procedures, due to their high optical absorbances. Little is known, however, about the nature of the degradation products formed when these dyes are irradiated with a laser. Previous work in our laboratories has shown that irradiation of polymeric and biological tissues with CO2 and Nd:YAG lasers produces a host of volatile and semivolatile by-products, some of which are known to be potential carcinogens. This work focuses on the identification of the chemical by-products formed by diode laser and Nd:YAG laser irradiation of indocyanine green (ICG) and carbon black based ink sensitized tissues, including bone, tendon and sheep's teeth. Samples were mounted in a 0.5-L Pyrex sample chamber equipped with quartz optical windows, charcoal filtered air inlet and an outlet attached to an appropriate sample trap and a constant flow pump. By-products were analyzed by GC/MS and HPLC. Volatiles identified included benzene and formaldehyde. Semi-volatiles included traces of polycyclic aromatics, arising from the biological matrix and inks, as well as fragments of ICG and the carbon ink components. The significance of these results will be discussed, including the necessity of using appropriate evacuation devices when utilizing lasers for surgical procedures.

Kokosa, John M.; Przyjazny, Andrzej; Bartels, Kenneth E.; Motamedi, Massoud; Hayes, Donald J.; Wallace, David B.; Frederickson, Christopher J.

1997-05-01

25

Russia's Demographic "Crisis"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Rand Organization has recently made available via the Web the full text of Russia's Demographic "Crisis." "This volume is an outgrowth of a June 5-6, 1995 conference at which a group of Russian demographers presented the results of their pioneering research on Russia's demographic 'crisis' to American colleagues from the Rand Organization, the University of California-Los Angeles, the University of Southern California, and the International Programs Center of the US Bureau of the Census." The six papers that make up the volume deal with two broad categories: "(1) fertility and family planning; and (2) issues in the area of health and mortality--health status, health care, and population aging." The scope of a Russian demographic crisis is hotly debated, as well as "the interrelations between economic reforms and demographic trends in Russia." Russia's Demographic "Crisis" should shed some light on this topic.

1996-01-01

26

Pheochromocytoma crisis  

PubMed Central

Key Clinical Message Adrenergic crisis induced by a pheochromocytoma leads to life-threatening catecholamine-induced hemodynamic disturbances. Successful treatment of a pheochromocytoma crisis demands prompt diagnosis, vigorous pharmacological therapy and emergent tumor removal, if the patient continues to deteriorate

Tschuor, Christoph; Sadri, Helen; Clavien, Pierre-Alain

2014-01-01

27

Euro Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued the current eurozone crisis is neither new nor surprising. Fiscal discipline in the eurozone was weak from its creation in 1999, but ongoing economic prosperity limited the damage. Economic recession deepened the impact of crisis on public finance and pushed some eurozone countries to the edge of bankruptcy. Options available now are costly and painful: foreign bailouts,

Miroslav Prokopijevi?

2010-01-01

28

ICG 2000 Amsterdam Glass in the new Millennium Absorption Spectra of Iron and Water in Silicate Glasses  

E-print Network

ICG 2000 Amsterdam ­ Glass in the new Millennium Absorption Spectra of Iron and Water in Silicate Glasses L. Glebov1 , E. Boulos2 1 Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers (CREOL), University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA 2 Visteon Glass Systems, Dearborn, MI, USA 1. Introduction

Glebov, Leon

29

Indocyanine green (ICG) as a new adjuvant for the antimicrobial photo-dynamic therapy (aPDT) in dentistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Clinical surveys show a continuous increase of antimicrobial resistance related to the frequency of the administrated medication. The antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) is an effective adjuvant to reduce the need of antibiotics in dentistry, especially in periodontics. The antimicrobial effect of lightactivated photosensitizers in periodontics is demonstrated in clinical studies and case reports. Indocyanine green (ICG) as a new adjuvant shows the high potential of antiphlogistic and antimicrobial effects in combination with laser-light activation. In trying to answer the question of just how far the influence of temperature is acting on bacteria, this study was carried out. The influences of ICG at different concentrations (0.01 up to 1 mg/ml) in combination with a culture medium (brain-heart-infusion) and a bacteria culture (Streptococcus salivarius) at different optical densities (OD600 0.5 and 0.1) were investigated under laser-light activation. Laser activation was carried out with diode laser at 810 nm and two different power settings (100 mW/300 mW). The pulse repetition rate was 2 kHz. Taking account of the fiber diameter, distance and spot size on the sample surface, the applicated intensities were 6.2 and 18.7 W/cm2. Total irradiation time was 20 s for all meaurements. Transmitted laser power and temperature increase in the culture medium as well as in the bacteria culture were determined. Additionally the influence of ICG regarding bacterial growth and bactericidal effect was investigated in the bacteria culture without laser irradiation. Without laser, no bactericidal effect of ICG was observed. Only a bacteriostatic effect could be proved. In dependence of the ICG concentration and the applied intensities a temperature increase of ?T up to 80°C was measured.

Meister, Joerg; Hopp, Michael; Schäfers, Johannes; Verbeek, Jonas; Kraus, Dominik; Frentzen, Matthias

2014-02-01

30

Public health impact of Rwandan refugee crisis: what happened in Goma, Zaire, in July, 1994? Goma Epidemiology Group.  

PubMed

The flight of 500,000-800,000 Rwandan refugees into the North Kivu region of Zaire in July, 1994, overwhelmed the world's response capacity. During the first month after the influx, almost 50,000 refugees died, an average crude mortality rate of 20-35 per 10,000 per day. This death rate was associated with explosive epidemics of diarrhoeal disease caused by Vibrio cholerae 01 and Shigella dysenteriae type 1. 3-4 weeks after the influx of refugees, acute malnutrition rates among children under 5 years old ranged between 18 and 23%. Children with a recent history of dysentery and those in households headed by women were at higher risk of malnutrition. A well-coordinated relief programme, based on rapidly acquired health data and effective interventions, was associated with a steep decline in death rates to 5 to 8 per 10,000 per day by the second month of the crisis. The prevention of high mortality due to diarrhoeal disease epidemics in displaced populations relies primarily on the prompt provision of adequate quantities of disinfected water, basic sanitation, community outreach, and effective case management of ill patients. In the emergency phase, effective, low-technology measures include bucket chlorination at untreated water sources, designated defaecation areas, active case-finding through community outreach, and oral rehydration. Relief agencies must place increased emphasis on training personnel in relevant skills to address major public health emergencies caused by population displacement. PMID:7646638

1995-02-11

31

The Imaging and Cognition Genetics Conference 2011, ICG 2011: A Meeting of Minds  

PubMed Central

In June 2011, 70 researchers from the disciplines of cognitive science, genetics, psychology, psychiatry, neurobiology, and computer science gathered in Os, Norway, for the first Imaging and Cognition Genetics meeting. The aim of the conference was to discuss progress, enhance collaboration, and maximize the sharing of resources within this new field. In this Perspective, we summarize the major themes that emerged from ICG 2011. The first is the importance of defining cognitive and imaging phenotypes and endophenotypes suitable for genetic analysis. These can come from differential psychology, cognitive science, structural MRI, tractography, and functional imaging. The second theme is the emergence of new methods for the analysis of complex traits. These include advanced computational and statistical techniques for analyzing complex datasets, and new ways of interpreting data from genome-wide association studies, such as jointly evaluating the contribution of SNPs in specific genes and pathways rather than considering single SNPs in isolation. The final theme is the importance of establishing functional correlates of newly identified genetic variants. PMID:22654732

Le Hellard, Stephanie; Hanson, Isabel

2012-01-01

32

Experiences with TRIDEC's Crisis Management Demonstrator in the Turkish NEAMWave12 exercise tsunami scenario  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On November 27-28, 2012, the Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI) joined other countries in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas (NEAM) region as participants in an international tsunami response exercise. The exercise, titled NEAMWave12, simulated widespread Tsunami Watch situations throughout the NEAM region. It is the first international exercise as such, in this region, where the UNESCO-IOC ICG/NEAMTWS tsunami warning chain has been tested to a full scale for the first time with different systems. One of the systems is developed in the project Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crises (TRIDEC) and has been validated in this exercise among others by KOERI. KOERI, representing the Tsunami National Contact (TNC) and Tsunami Warning Focal Point (TWFP) for Turkey, is one of the key partners in TRIDEC. KOERI is responsible for the operation of a National Tsunami Warning Centre (NTWC) for Turkey and establishes candidate Tsunami Watch Provider (TWP) responsibilities for the Eastern Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara and Black Seas. Based on this profound experience KOERI is contributing valuable requirements to the overall TRIDEC system and is responsible for the definition and development of feasible tsunami-related scenarios in the context of UNESCO-IOC ICG/NEAMTWS activities. However, KOERI's, most important input focuses on testing and evaluating the TRIDEC system according to specified evaluation and validation criteria in order to meet ICG/NEAMTWS requirements. The TRIDEC system will be implemented in three phases, each with a demonstrator. Successively, the demonstrators are addressing related challenges. The first and second phase system demonstrator, deployed at KOERI's crisis management room has been designed and implemented, firstly, to support plausible scenarios for the Turkish NTWC to demonstrate the treatment of simulated tsunami threats with an essential subset of a NTWC. Secondly, the feasibility and the potentials of the implemented approach are demonstrated covering ICG/NEAMTWS standard operations as well as tsunami detection and alerting functions beyond ICG/NEAMTWS requirements. The demonstrator presented addresses information management and decision-support processes for a hypothetical tsunami-related crisis situation in the context of the ICG/NEAMTWS NEAMWave12 exercise. Experiences and results gained with the TRIDEC system during the exercise will be reported.

Hammitzsch, Martin; Necmioglu, Ocal; Lendholt, Matthias; Reißland, Sven; Schulz, Jana; Aksari, Dogan; Koseoglu, Aysegul; Ozer, Ceren; Comoglu, Mustafa; Meral Ozel, Nurcan; Wächter, Joachim

2013-04-01

33

Characterization of Intracellular Growth Regulator icgR by Utilizing Transcriptomics To Identify Mediators of Pathogenesis in Shigella flexneri  

PubMed Central

Shigella species Gram-negative bacteria which cause a diarrheal disease, known as shigellosis, by invading and destroying the colonic mucosa and inducing a robust inflammatory response. With no vaccine available, shigellosis annually kills over 600,000 children in developing countries. This study demonstrates the utility of combining high-throughput bioinformatic methods with in vitro and in vivo assays to provide new insights into pathogenesis. Comparisons of in vivo and in vitro gene expression identified genes associated with intracellular growth. Additional bioinformatics analyses identified genes that are present in S. flexneri isolates but not in the three other Shigella species. Comparison of these two analyses revealed nine genes that are differentially expressed during invasion and that are specific to S. flexneri. One gene, a DeoR family transcriptional regulator with decreased expression during invasion, was further characterized and is now designated icgR, for intracellular growth regulator. Deletion of icgR caused no difference in growth in vitro but resulted in increased intracellular replication in HCT-8 cells. Further in vitro and in vivo studies using high-throughput sequencing of RNA transcripts (RNA-seq) of an isogenic ?icgR mutant identified 34 genes that were upregulated under both growth conditions. This combined informatics and functional approach has allowed the characterization of a gene and pathway previously unknown in Shigella pathogenesis and provides a framework for further identification of novel virulence factors and regulatory pathways. PMID:23753632

Morris, Carolyn R.; Grassel, Christen L.; Redman, Julia C.; Sahl, Jason W.

2013-01-01

34

Crisis Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, most school districts spend anywhere from one to thirteen dollars per student repairing damage caused by vandals. Yerba Buena High School, in San Jose, California, spends less than one thousand dollars per year total, and attributes this success to a project called "Crisis Counseling". (RW)

Neill, Shirley Boes

1977-01-01

35

Crisis Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents summaries of four articles relevant to school crisis response. The first article, "Peritraumatic Dissociation Predicts Posttraumatic Stress in Youth Following Accidents" summarized by Jim Matthews, suggests that peritraumatic dissociation is a powerful predictor of PTSD symptoms among youth who have been in a car accident. The…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

2011-01-01

36

Crisis behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Defense has rules and procedures to minimize the opportunity for error and improper behavior among those with access to strategic weapons, but no psychiatric screening system can predict with assurance who will or will not behave rationally during a crisis. Personal problems and institutional decision-making pressures may destroy nuclear deterrence. Certain features of military life, including drug

Grinspoon

1984-01-01

37

Rape Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Work Department at B'nai Zion Medical Center in Haifa, Israel worked with health care professionals within the hospital and in community organizations to establish a rape crisis center in the emergency room. The department developed procedures, guidelines, and protocols for the center; developed and conducted training seminars for hospital and community organization staff; and created a plan for

Noemi Edlis

1993-01-01

38

Adolescents in Crisis: Children's Perception of Parental Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents' behavior as perceived by an adolescent population admitted to the adolescent crisis Ward at USC Medical Center is analyzed. The sample consisted of 86 patients who were admitted to the adolescent crisis ward during 1969 and 1970. The population could be divided according to four distinct crisis groups: (1) the suicidal group; (2) the…

Nihira, Kazuo; And Others

39

Crisis -- A Leadership Opportunity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For years crisis management has been synonymous with reactive leadership. This stems from a belief that crisis is both unpredictable and unexpected; but this is simply not true. Crisis develops as an organization's values, beliefs, culture, or behavior be...

I. J. Cooper, J. P. Powell, M. Klingele, M. G. Robbins, V. Braden

2005-01-01

40

Time-resolved detection of fluorescent light during inflow of ICG to the brain—a methodological study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It was reported that time-resolved reflectance measurements carried out during inflow and washout of an optical contrast agent may provide information on the blood supply to the brain cortex of human adults. It was also shown that a measurement of fluorescence excited in the dye circulating in the brain is feasible. Unfortunately, patterns of time-resolved fluorescence signals observed during in vivo measurements are difficult to interpret. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of several factors on the fluorescence signals measured during in vivo experiments. A laboratory instrument for recording the distributions of arrival of fluorescence photons was constructed and optimized for measurements on humans. Monte Carlo simulations and laboratory measurements on liquid phantoms as well as in vivo measurements on healthy volunteers were carried out. An influence of source-detector separation, position of the source-detector pair on the head, as well as a dose of the injected indocyanine green (ICG) on the fluorescence signals were studied in detail. It was shown that even for a small dose of ICG (0.025 mg kg-1) the time-resolved signals can be successfully detected on the surface of the head. Strong influence of the studied factors on the fluorescence signals was observed. It was also noted that the changes in moments of distributions of arrival times of fluorescence photons depend on the anatomical structure of the tissues located between the source and the detector.

Milej, Daniel; Gerega, Anna; ?o?ek, Norbert; Weigl, Wojciech; Kacprzak, Micha?; Sawosz, Piotr; M?czewska, Joanna; Fronczewska, Katarzyna; Mayzner-Zawadzka, Ewa; Królicki, Leszek; Maniewski, Roman; Liebert, Adam

2012-10-01

41

Overpopulation crisis.  

PubMed

This article reviews field research on the violent response on the part of animals to conditions of crowding. Monkey species in zoos have consistently been noted to be more quarrelsome and violent than their counterparts in the wild. Up to a certain critical population density various animal species form cooperative social units; however, a surplus population upsets this balance. In addition, under conditions of intense crowding, mammal's care and protection of the young is transformed into indifference, neglect, competition, domination, and ultimately murder. The reversal of social behavior under crowded conditions can be understood as a means of response to a population crisis, in which population is in danger of outrunning resources. In the absence of confinement, tensions among monkeys lead to war between bands. A community weakened by crowding also is more likely to succumb to certain stress diseases and to have less resilience against parasites. Under various special conditions, tolerance may evolve to permit temporary compression without violence; on the other hand, when a violent response is suppressed, the response tends to be explosive when it does occur. If population reduction is delayed too long, the result may be violence, famine, and permanent damage to the environment from overgrazing. In human society there has generally been a lag in the full development of the violent response to crowding. Given the power of modern military technology, it is imperative that human populations avert a population crisis response by substituting voluntary fertility control for involuntary mortality control. PMID:12340737

Russell, C; Russell Wms

1984-01-01

42

Caller Characteristics, Call Contents, and Types of Assistance Provided by Caller Sex and Age Group in a Canadian Inuit Crisis Line in Nunavut, 1991-2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of calls made to a northern Canadian Inuit crisis line in the territory of Nunavut between 1991 and 2001 revealed that the majority of users were adult females who called to discuss problems primarily related to relationships and loneliness/boredom. Younger callers tended to make prank calls. The volunteer staff used mostly empathetic…

Tan, Josephine C. H.; Maranzan, Kathryn Amanda; Boone, Margaret; Vander Velde, John; Levy, Sheila

2012-01-01

43

Currency crisis transmission through international trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Eurozone recent crisis has shown how balance of payment problems in less developed European Monetary Union (EMU) member countries can affect EMU trading partners, spreading the crisis to a larger group of countries. This paper introduces a three-country dynamic general equilibrium model to analyze whether and how terms of trade effects can generate a spillover effect or a currency

Jamal Ibrahim Haidar

2012-01-01

44

GeoCollaborative: Crisis Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The GeoCollaborative brings together researchers interested in finding ways to develop information science and technology to support crisis management. Managing crisis events, such as hurricanes, forest fires, disease outbreaks, chemical spills, and terrorist attacks, involves gathering "geospatial information about the event itself, its causes, the people and infrastructure affected, resources available to respond, and more." The research team addresses "two fundamental problems that impede effective coordinated work with geospatial information." Working from a cognitive systems engineering approach, the group is developing geospatial information and technologies to address these challenges. The website provides an overview of GeoCollaborative's approach and a few selected publications.

45

Improving drug accumulation and photothermal efficacy in tumor depending on size of ICG loaded lipid-polymer nanoparticles.  

PubMed

A key challenge to strengthen anti-tumor efficacy is to improve drug accumulation in tumors through size control. To explore the biodistribution and tumor accumulation of nanoparticles, we developed indocyanine green (ICG) loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) -lecithin-polyethylene glycol (PEG) core-shell nanoparticles (INPs) with 39 nm, 68 nm and 116 nm via single-step nanoprecipitation. These INPs exhibited good monodispersity, excellent fluorescence and size stability, and enhanced temperature response after laser irradiation. Through cell uptake and photothermal efficiency in vitro, we demonstrated that 39 nm INPs were more easily be absorbed by pancreatic carcinoma tumor cells (BxPC-3) and showed better photothermal damage than that of 68 nm and 116 nm size of INPs. Simultaneously, the fluorescence of INPs offered a real-time imaging monitor for subcellular locating and in vivo metabolic distribution. Near-infrared imaging in vivo and photothermal therapy illustrated that 68 nm INPs showed the strongest efficiency to suppress tumor growth due to abundant accumulation in BxPC-3 xenograft tumor model. The findings revealed that a nontoxic, size-dependent, theranostic INPs model was built for in vivo cancer imaging and photothermal therapy without adverse effect. PMID:24776486

Zhao, Pengfei; Zheng, Mingbin; Yue, Caixia; Luo, Zhenyu; Gong, Ping; Gao, Guanhui; Sheng, Zonghai; Zheng, Cuifang; Cai, Lintao

2014-07-01

46

Crisis Communication and Management: Surviving a Public Relations Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis management, or crisis communication, is never a good thing for a business to experience. It is, however, a public relations' professional moment to shine and put their honed skills to good use. A good crisis management plan is not only action during the crisis but preparation and reflection. Hiring a PR firm that deals with crisis

Eramo, Eric M.

2009-01-01

47

The Book of Chemical Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a crisis management model that effectively bridges the areas of substance abuse and crisis intervention. A crisis alternatives model which can be incorporated into drug counseling programs is discussed, along with a four-step crisis intervention plan for use by crisis workers that includes: (1) establishing rapport; (2)…

Sours, Floyd P.

48

Vermont School Crisis Guide, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2004 Vermont School Crisis Guide has been revised to improve its use by School Crisis Teams and Public Safety Committees. The Guide is now organized by roles so users can quickly locate their responsibilities in a crisis. The Crisis Guide pages can be used to document pertinent information (time, witnesses) immediately after an emergency…

Vermont Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

49

Crisis response to schools.  

PubMed

While community based crisis response teams offer needed resources to schools impacted by crisis, they are often not asked to help. Reports from crisis team leaders at the school shooting incidents at James W. Parker Middle School, Edinboro, Pennsylvania and Columbine High School, Littleton, Colorado are contrasted regarding utilization of community resources. Factors limiting the usefulness of community based teams include unfamiliarity with school organization, culture, and procedures. Key differences in school vs. community team precepts, decision-making, and strategic paradigms render team coordination difficult. Successful cross training presents opportunities for school-community partnership and utilization of community teams for school duty. PMID:11232098

Johnson, K

2000-01-01

50

Grouping  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive Flash applet models the measurement interpretation of division. A child or teacher chooses a total number of objects and a divisor representing the size of equal groups. The applet allows the user to move the objects into equal groups and links the process to jumps on a number line. The applet can be used to introduce children to remainders and to reinforce the language and notation of division. It works well on an interactive white board or projector. A teacher's guide to this collection of applets is cataloged separately.

2006-01-01

51

Monday, Mar. 27, 2006 Canada's Crisis  

E-print Network

Monday, Mar. 27, 2006 Canada's Crisis Global warming will heat the Arctic first. A Canadian study to study just about everything in the Canadian Arctic that could be changed by global warming. "It, the archipelago from Hudson Bay through Nunavut to northern Greenland was inhabited by nomadic groups we now call

Ellis, Randy

52

Balkans Program: Publications Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These reports from the International Crisis Group (ICG) provide information about the volatile socio-political situation in the South Balkans, specifically in the nations of Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia.

1999-01-01

53

[Midlife crisis: crisis in the middle of life].  

PubMed

Since ancient times man tried to understand the roots of his obviously often irrational behaviour. According to the prevailing "Zeitgeist", hypotheses for it ranged from demonical possession, psychological schools of thought to the role of transmitter substances at the synaptic level. For ages it has been observed and described, that men goes in his development through typical and predictable phases with their typical crises. Poets knew and wrote about it since the dawn of culture but science got interested in it only in this century. Elliot coined the term "midlife crisis" in 1965, turning attention to an age-group which was before practically ignored by psychology. He pointed out that due to a collision between developmental factors and a static identity a crisis occurred in human beings, characterized by a feeling of despair, goallessness, fatigue and consciousness of significant basic anxiety. In response to such pressures a change of comportment takes place which puzzles the people closest to the stricken. Established patterns of behaviour seem to dissipate in favour of unusual, unexpected, adolescent or even crazy actions. Many examples from history, ranging from Dante to Gauguin seem to prove the point. Realizing the presence of the crisis and its origin and interpreting it as a call for change, reorientation and new definition of priorities present a great chance to adjust one's life at this important turn. It is of great importance to recognize, that changes must take place in one's inner values and that trying to escape into frenzied activities leads nowhere.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1754783

Laemmel, K

1991-12-17

54

1 UW Crisis Communications Plan Crisis Communications Plan  

E-print Network

become aware of a potential crisis or emergency must contact the Office of Media Relations1 UW Crisis Communications Plan Crisis Communications Plan University of Washington Office of Media Communications Plan · Media Relations and Communications · University Police · UW Technology · Human Resources

Kaminsky, Werner

55

Tunnel crisis and the crisis-induced intermittency  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a different type of crisis in random map is studied. The trigger of this crisis is the tunnel effect induced by a backward tangent bifurcation, while the previously reported crises are all caused by the collision of the chaotic attractor with an unstable orbit. In studying the intermittency behaviors induced by the crisis, two different characteristic times

H. L. Yang; Z. Q. Huang; E. J. Ding

1997-01-01

56

West Pharmaceutical's explosion: structuring crisis discourse knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

A crisis can place an organization and its stakeholders at risk for significant losses. Crisis management has emerged as a means to reduce those losses. Crisis response strategies, what the organization says and does after a crisis, are critical resources in crisis management. It is not surprising that crisis response has emerged as a vibrant research area. The focus of

W. Timothy Coombs

2004-01-01

57

Taxonomy of mediated crisis responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how organizations integrate the Internet into crisis communication. The findings of a 7-year longitudinal study provide a taxonomy explaining how mediated communication creates new possibilities for crisis response. We translate the study findings into suggestions for how public relations managers can integrate new communication media into their mix of communication tactics in crisis and risk management.

Maureen Taylor; Michael L. Kent

2007-01-01

58

When Crisis Strikes on Campus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook aids in planning for effective crisis communication at institutions of higher education. The book opens with a behind-the-scenes look at a particular crisis--the 1990 murders of five students at the University of Florida. This first section offers tested advice from a campus communicator, an account of the crisis and the…

Larson, Wendy Ann, Ed.

59

Crisis intervention for people with severe mental illnesses  

PubMed Central

Background A particularly difficult challenge for community treatment of people with serious mental illnesses is the delivery of an acceptable level of care during the acute phases of severe mental illness. Crisis intervention models of care were developed as a possible solution. Objectives To review the effects of crisis intervention models for anyone with serious mental illness experiencing an acute episode, compared with ‘standard care’. Search methods We updated the 1998, 2003 and 2006 searches with a search of the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group’s Register of trials (2010) which is based on regular searches of CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO. Selection criteria We included all randomised controlled trials of crisis intervention models versus standard care for people with severe mental illnesses. Data collection and analysis We independently extracted data from these trials and we estimated risk ratios (RR) or mean differences (MD), with 95% confidence intervals (CI). We assumed that people who left early from a trial had no improvement. Main results Three new studies have been found since the last review in 2006 to add to the five studies already included in this review. None of the previously included studies investigated crisis intervention alone; all used a form of home care for acutely ill people, which included elements of crisis intervention. However, one of the new studies focuses purely on crisis intervention as provided by Crisis Resolution Home Teams within the UK; the two other new studies investigated crisis houses i.e. residential alternatives to hospitalisation providing home-like environments. Crisis intervention appears to reduce repeat admissions to hospital after the initial ‘index’ crises investigated in the included studies, this was particularly so for mobile crisis teams supporting patients in their own homes. Crisis intervention reduces the number of people leaving the study early, reduces family burden, is a more satisfactory form of care for both patients and families and at three months after crisis, mental state is superior to standard care. We found no differences in death outcomes. Some studies found crisis interventions to be more cost effective than hospital care but all numerical data were either skewed or unusable. No data on staff satisfaction, carer input, complications with medication or number of relapses were available. Authors’ conclusions Care based on crisis intervention principles, with or without an ongoing home care package, appears to be a viable and acceptable way of treating people with serious mental illnesses. If this approach is to be widely implemented it would seem that more evaluative studies are still needed. PMID:22592673

Murphy, Suzanne; Irving, Claire B; Adams, Clive E; Driver, Ron

2014-01-01

60

Coping with Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School officials put a crisis communications plan into action after two Ohio students died and a third became critically ill from meningitis in May 2001. A mass immunization program prevented a major outbreak, and rumor control helped calm the public's fears. Recounts things learned from the experience. (MLF)

Akenhead, James; Andreani, Alan

2002-01-01

61

Trust in Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mass media in modern sports can be considered from a number of viewpoints. Sports press and sports events often represent the last thread linking countries, societies and political systems. Thus a sociologically oriented study of the mass media in sports must begin with the communication crisis present today throughout the world. Accurate information is necessary. The work of sportswriters

Krešimir Petrovic; Milan Žvan

1986-01-01

62

Ghosts of Crisis Past.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is the history of school science curriculum reform from the Sputnik era to 1990. The relationship between the crisis in the 1950s and 1990 is addressed. A list of curriculum development programs for all levels and special needs students is included. (KR)

Klopfer, Leopold E.; Champagne, Audrey B.

1990-01-01

63

Economic Crisis in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sub-Saharan Africa is facing deep economic crisis. A situation has reached where there is total stagnation with zero per cent growth rate and no hope of recovery. Hunger is hovering over vast areas of Africa threatening the lives of 150 million people and every day people are dying of starvation. It is said, that nature and international economic relations are

Vijay Gupta

1985-01-01

64

The Mythical "Boy Crisis"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The popular press has put forth the idea that the US educational system is experiencing a "boy crisis," where boys are losing ground to girls across multiple dimensions. Here, we analyze these claims in the context of math and reading achievement during early primary school. We reach two conclusions. First, white boys outperform white girls in…

Husain, Muna; Millimet, Daniel L.

2009-01-01

65

The Cuban Missile Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Description: My film is about the Cuban Missle Crisis of 1962. Luckily, President Kennedy's plan to block soviet ships entering Cuba worked and no warheads were ever fired. My film explores the question of what if?\\u000aCredits: All music downloaded off iCompositions is not copyrighted.\\u000aRunning Time: 4:57

Brian Grant

2005-01-01

66

Crisis Counseling: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychologists working in schools are often the first contacts for children experiencing a potentially traumatizing event or change in status. This article reviews basic concepts in crisis counseling and describes the components of psychological first aid. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as…

Sandoval, Jonathan; Scott, Amy Nicole; Padilla, Irene

2009-01-01

67

Negotiation Crisis Resolution  

E-print Network

Violence and Crime ADMJ 1304 Juvenile Justice System ADMJ 1310 Drugs, Crime, and Social Policy ADMJ 1340 for Juvenile & Criminal Justice www.cjcj.org National Criminal Justice Association www.ncja.org National Crime Negotiation Crisis Resolution Criminal Law Evidence Processing Critical Thinking Crime

Jiang, Huiqiang

68

Crisis in the Cafeteria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because schools are entrusted with children's safety, any crisis (particularly food poisoning) affecting that inviolable trust is fodder for a ravenous media. Proactive school business officials and food-service personnel work together to publicize the school nutrition department's good work. Communicating clearly and assigning a food-service…

White, Patrick

1998-01-01

69

Nursing in Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the nation's health-care and nursing education systems are in crisis. While the care provided by registered nurses (RNs) is essential to patients' recovery from acute illness and to the effective management of their chronic conditions, the United States is experiencing a nursing shortage that is anticipated to increase as baby boomers age and…

Fulcher, Roxanne

2007-01-01

70

The Phony Funding Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If one relies on newspaper headlines for education funding information, one might conclude that America's schools suffer from a perpetual fiscal crisis, every year perched precariously on the brink of financial ruin, never knowing whether there will be sufficient funding to continue operating. Budgetary shortfalls, school district bankruptcies,…

Guthrie, James W.; Peng, Arthur

2010-01-01

71

Crisis Management Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a summary of recent crisis management publications. The first research report summarized, "Predictors of PTSD," was a study of predictor variables for responses to the World Trade Center attack. The second paper, "Effective Mental Health Response to Catastrophic Events," looked at effective responses following Hurricane…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Zhe, Elizabeth; Torem, Chris; Comeaux, Natashia; Dempsey, Allison

2010-01-01

72

Reefs in Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online article, from "The Biodiversity Crisis: Losing What Counts", walks students through the risks humans pose to the survival of coral reefs and conservation efforts. It discusses the forces behind damage to the reefs and recent protection efforts, including the creation of sanctuaries, good land management, and public awareness campaigns.

73

Cuban Missile Crisis Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These documents chronicle the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis. On October 15, 1962, the Soviet Union was discovered attempting to install nuclear missiles in Cuba. These missiles would have been capable of quickly reaching the United States. President Kennedy responded with a naval blockade. After several days of increasing tensions, the Soviet Union finally agreed to remove the missiles.

Griffith, Christopher

74

Map-Mediated GeoCollaborative Crisis Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing crises requires collecting geographical intelligence and making spatial decisions through collaborative efforts among multiple, distributed agencies and task groups. Crisis management also requires close coordination among individuals and groups of individuals who need to collaboratively derive information from geospatial data and use that information in coordinated ways. However, geospatial information systems do not currently support group work and can

Guoray Cai; Alan M. Maceachren; Isaac Brewer; Michael D. Mcneese; Rajeev Sharma; Sven Fuhrmann

2005-01-01

75

LIQUIDITY RISK MANAGEMENT IN CRISIS CONDITIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to measure the liquidity risk we have developed an analysis model, based on stress-testing scenarios, that shows the ability of the bank to face different types of liquidity crisis. The scenarios were designed for each balance sheet position for assets and liabilities: Ordinary Course of Business, Name Crisis (Mild Name Crisis and Severe Name Crisis), Market Crisis (Mild

Mutu Simona; Matis Eugenia

2010-01-01

76

Crisis events in tourism: subjects of crisis in tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial and economic downturn that affected tourism from 2007 through to 2010 and beyond has cast substantial attention on the role that crisis events play in tourism. These concerns have only been exacerbated by natural disasters, such as the 2010 Icelandic volcanic plume, pandemics, and the potential of future global change. The potential effects of crisis events on

C. Michael Hall

2010-01-01

77

Spanning trees and the Eurozone crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The sovereign debt crisis in the euro area has not yet been solved and recent developments in Spain and Italy have further deteriorated the situation. In this paper we develop a new approach to analyze the ongoing Eurozone crisis. Firstly, we use Maximum Spanning Trees to analyze the topological properties of government bond rates’ dynamics. Secondly, we combine the information given by both Maximum and Minimum Spanning Trees to obtain a measure of market dissimilarity or disintegration. Thirdly, we extend this measure to include a convenient distance not limited to the interval [0, 2]. Our empirical results show that Maximum Spanning Tree gives an adequate description of the separation of the euro area into two distinct groups: those countries strongly affected by the crisis and those that have remained resilient during this period. The measures of market dissimilarity also reveal a persistent separation of these two groups and, according to our second measure, this separation strongly increased during the period July 2009-March 2012.

Dias, João

2013-12-01

78

Organizational Learning and Crisis Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of crises on organizations has been stronger than ever. This article explores the role of organizational learning in crisis management, an area that has received little attention from HRD community. Recognizing the dynamics and interconnectedness of crisis management, organizational learning, and organizational change, the article…

Wang, Jia

2007-01-01

79

Urban transport crisis in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indian cities face a transport crisis characterized by levels of congestion, noise, pollution, traffic fatalities and injuries, and inequity far exceeding those in most European and North American cities. India's transport crisis has been exacerbated by the extremely rapid growth of India's largest cities in a context of low incomes, limited and outdated transport infrastructure, rampant suburban sprawl, sharply rising

John Pucher; Nisha Korattyswaropam; Neha Mittal; Neenu Ittyerah

2005-01-01

80

Crisis theory: Critique and reformulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building a “crisis theory” by using pure homeostatic notions or psychoanalytic constructs is criticized. A review of crisis observations and their implications indicates that a cognitive perspective can serve as a theoretical framework: such a perspective is sketched with representative references. It is argued that several worthwhile possibilities follow from the use of a cognitive perspective: generation of systematic knowledge

Julian R. Taplin

1971-01-01

81

School Buildings in Today's Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To get a picture of the impact of the current economic and financial crisis on educational building programmes so far, the OECD Centre for Effective Learning Environments (CELE) has been conducting a survey of member countries and regions. The survey focuses on three main issues: the impact of the crisis on publicly funded projects, the impact on…

Blyth, Alastair

2009-01-01

82

The UN in crisis?  

PubMed

The United Nations (UN), the principal role of which is dealing with crises, has been in almost perpetual crisis since its foundation. The situation has become worse in the 1990s, a time when the need for an effective UN has been greater than ever, to cope with issues such as climate-change, pollution and the consequences of globalization. The current crisis has various aspects. Politically there have been widely publicized failures in peacekeeping, largely due to the Security Council being a body of compromise, while successes in peacekeeping have been largely ignored. In the economic and social field, influence has passed to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. Development aid has plummeted, despite its key role in peace and security, and so an integrated approach to development and security is urgently needed. The UN has been constantly under-funded, with the failure of the United States (US) to pay its dues a key factor. Reform of the UN is vital, but the vested interests of member states make root-and-branch reform virtually impossible. Public pressure for reform can come from non-governmental organizations, perhaps coordinated through the Internet. PMID:11339341

Anstee, M J

2001-01-01

83

Thrombotic microangiopathy in sickle cell disease crisis.  

PubMed

Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) is a rare complication. These patients manifest microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) with laboratory evidence of hemolytic anemia, schistocytosis, and thrombocytopenia. This is the first report of the syndrome in a group of these patients. A retrospective chart analysis of 10 consecutively diagnosed patients in SCD crisis who were referred for therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) after developing MAHA was done. Patients had chest pain, respiratory distress, fever, pulmonary infiltrates, jaundice, and neurological dysfunction with abnormal liver function and coagulation tests. MAHA was diagnosed after a median hospital stay of 5 days. Nine patients recovered completely following TPE with fluid replacement by fresh frozen plasma with or without cryo-poor plasma. Incomplete response to TPE in one case was due to the development of fresh complications. During a median follow-up period of 77 months, there was one recurrent episode and one death in SCD crisis but without evidence of MAHA. TMA is not a very rare complication among Bahraini SCD patients in crisis. Characteristic features of this disorder are acute chest syndrome, organ failure, leuco-erythroblastosis, and a combination of thrombocytopenia, LDH level >1,000 U/l, and schistocytes in blood smears. Management with TPE usually leads to complete recovery with little chance of short-term recurrence. Multiple pathogenetic mechanisms leading to increased von Willebrand factor and its multimers may form the basis of this syndrome. PMID:23224266

Shome, Durjoy K; Ramadorai, Prabha; Al-Ajmi, Abdulla; Ali, Fakhriya; Malik, Neelam

2013-04-01

84

Intraoperative molar pregnancy crisis.  

PubMed

Molar pregnancy is a gestation in which the ovum is transformed into a fleshy tumor mass or mole. Of all gynecologic tumors, it is one of the most feared. It is characterized by first trimester bleeding, hyperemesis, and toxemia and can be diagnosed using pelvic ultrasound. Suction currettage is the treatment of choice for molar pregnancy when a patient desires to have more children; however, hysterectomy may be necessary. Abdominal hysterectomy reduces the risk of malignant sequelae. Complications associated with molar pregnancy usually are a result of suction curettage and include pulmonary insufficiency syndrome, choriocarcinoma, hyperthyroidism, theca lutein cysts, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. The perioperative nurse can be instrumental in assessing, planning, organizing, and directing intervention for potential complications associated with the management of a molar pregnancy crisis. The perioperative nurse is encouraged to review all aspects of molar pregnancy to understand the ramifications of the surgical procedures. PMID:7944318

Robinson, B J

1994-08-01

85

Economic Crisis in Japan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines Japan's struggle against economic recession. The nine resources discussed provide an overview on various aspects of the topic. Due to economic crisis throughout Asia, the Japanese economy was severely strained this week as the yen continued to fall against the dollar in Tokyo trading. A "weak domestic financial sector" and shrinking private-sector investments and exports also contributed to Japanese economic woes, according to Economic Planning Minister Shimpei Nukaya. Although many top Japanese governmental officials believe their nation's economy can be revived through financial reform and international monetary support, some United States analysts remain uncertain. With a weak GDP, a weak yen, and ownership of over half the world's savings, international concern for Japanese impact on other economies is growing. To alleviate these fears, President Clinton bolstered the yen with US dollar sales on June 17, 1998. The long-term effects of this intervention remain to be seen.

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

86

Origin and Causes of the Housing Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing crisis is a debt-deflation Minsky's type crisis. The new economy bubble was replaced by the housing bubble. However, it is a deflationary crisis with specificities. It seems to point to the limits of a securities-backed financial regime, which forces a review of the regulation of financial markets and a return to more conservative credit practices. That crisis is

Arturo Guillen R

2008-01-01

87

The Impending Crisis  

PubMed Central

When you are ill and consult a physician for his or her expertise, many times laboratory testing is part of the clinical workup. This testing is critical to the physician’s ability to diagnose the patient’s condition. What if testing was not available … because there was no one to do the testing? Although seemingly far-fetched, this scenario could play itself out in the next ten years due to an impending manpower crisis in laboratory medicine. The profession of Medical Technology, also known as Clinical Laboratory Science, is experiencing a shortage of qualified individuals for a variety of reasons – not the least of which is the closure of almost 70% of the schools teaching this critical profession. Health care workers (HCW) rely on accurate and timely clinical laboratory results in order to make decisions for their patients. Because ? 70% of patient care decisions are based on clinical laboratory results, it is important to have a well-trained supply of laboratory professionals. This article will give an overview of the situation and the possible causes of this shortage, and pose challenges to our profession as to how this crisis can be averted. Visibility of this profession must be a prime focus of this effort in order for the population in general to be aware of the role Clinical Laboratory Scientists play in the health care consortium. This effort should begin early in the educational process, potentially as early as Middle School (junior high school), bringing awareness of the profession not only to students but to educators as well. PMID:23653714

Kaplan, Raymond L.; Burgess, Thomas E.

2010-01-01

88

Nannofossils and superplumes: The early Aptian ``nannoconid crisis''  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A group of calcareous nannoplankton named nannoconids experienced a crisis in the early Aptian and recovered only later in the late Aptian after a period of virtual absence. Although no extinctions occurred, the widespread nature of the "nannoconid crisis" suggests a global causal factor. This crisis is recorded within the Chiastozygus litterarius nannofossil and Globigerinelloides blowi planktonic foraminiferal zones, postdates magnetic chronozone M0 by approximately 300 kyr, and precedes the oceanic anoxic subevent 1a and associated ?13C anomaly by some 40-100 kyr. Selective dissolution and anoxia cannot explain the crisis, because nannoconids are dissolution-resistant forms and their crisis clearly precedes the deposition of anoxic sediments. At least 1 m.y. prior to the "nannoconid crisis," the onset of a nannoplankton speciation event may be the response of nannofloras to a major rise in relative sea level. The "nannoconid crisis" seems to be synchronous with the early Aptian volcanic eruptions in the Pacific Ocean. Hence calcareous nannoplankton were severely affected by the "superplume" volcanic episode. The coccolithophorid bloom/nannoconid crisis was possibly induced by the excessive CO2 levels in the atmosphere and/or caused by changes in nutrient content of oceanic surface waters. Fertility was enhanced by rapid turnover of nutrients due to the abnormal volcanic activity and accelerated transfer of nutrients from the continents into the oceans under warm and humid conditions of the mid-Cretaceous greenhouse climate. The "nannoconid crisis" may represent a competition between phytoplankton groups for nutrients or, more likely, competition between different calcareous nannoplankton. The biologic affinity and mode of life of Nannoconus are unknown, because there is no modern analog of this genus. However, comparison of Lower Cretaceous nannofossil assemblages with modern nannoplankton cummunities suggests that nannoconids, like extant Florisphaera profunda, possibly inhabited the lower photic zone. Concentrations of nutrients in the upper euphotic zone may have triggered blooms of coccolithophorids and nannoconid depletion. This model implies that the "nannoconid crisis" is the result of an abrupt, major change in the structure of surface waters caused directly or indirectly by the "superplume." The adjustments of the biosphere to the new paleoceanographic and climatic conditions required some 40-100 kyr before changing into abnormally high primary productivity and deposition of organic carbon-rich sediments with dinoflagellates outcompeting nannoplankton.

Erba, Elisabetta

1994-06-01

89

Dissent During Crisis in America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dissent during periods of crisis can be a difficult subject to discuss, even among reasonable people, and this thoughtful digital exhibit from the University of California at Irvine illuminates this subject quite nicely. The items in the exhibit are from their Department of Special Collections and Archives, and the focus of this particular collection is to examine "issues of war, peace, dissent and dialogue during critical periods in the 20th century." There are six sections of the exhibit which include "Protest during the Vietnam War", "The Internment of Japanese Americans during WWII", and "McCarthyism during the Cold War". Visitors can click on each of these sections to view digitized images of ephemera (such as artworks, pamphlets, and posters) that are representative of these times of dissent and debate. Visitors should not miss the "Conscientious Objectors in World War II" area, as it contains images from a pacifist handbook published in 1939 and items published by groups like the Quakers and the Mennonites.

Macleod, Stephen

2008-01-01

90

Technology Education Tackles Energy Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the solar-hydrogen technologies at the East Valley Institute of Technology, the only technology center in the nations that offers this class. Describes its focus on solving the energy crisis. (JOW)

Cutshall, Sandy

2002-01-01

91

Financial crisis : through various perspectives  

E-print Network

The 2007 financial crisis can be viewed from various perspectives. First, it can be explained in a wider macroeconomic context, for example by looking at the housing bubble. Monetary policy can be explained according to ...

Kim, Joon Hee

2010-01-01

92

Participation in crisis decision making  

E-print Network

ember 1973) Dale Joseph Marsico, B. A. , Slippery dock State College Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Warren A. Dixon The primary purpose of this research is to develop a set. of empirical propositions on the narure of participat. ion in foreign... the Communist powers other than the Soviet Union. The second dimension concerned the kinds of policy outputs that occurred. A crisis could under this criteria be either a military or a non- military event. Pvtting together these two criteria, a crisis...

Marsico, Dale Joseph

2012-06-07

93

Crisis in Iraq  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The topic of this week's in the news is the renewed Iraqi crisis. The eleven resources discussed offer information, analysis, and commentary from a variety of political and cultural viewpoints. Despite a noted lack of enthusiasm from neighboring Middle East nations and in the UN, the US and Britain appeared ready to take military action against Iraq to punish Saddam Hussein for once again interfering with the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) inspections. While both governments received strong support from their legislatures, opinion within the US and UK, and certainly within the wider world community, appears to be much more divided on the necessity or effectiveness of air strikes in forcing Iraq to comply to the UN mandate. An agreement reached between Secretary-General Kofi Annan and Saddam Hussein on February 22 appears to be defusing the situation by restoring, free and unfettered inspections by the UN Special Commission, known by its acronym, Unscom. While the US government is clearly relieved by a diplomatic solution, it seems just as clearly prepared to take military action should Iraq fail to honor the agreement.

De Nie, Michael W.

1998-01-01

94

Coasts in Crisis  

SciTech Connect

Coastal areas are staggering under an onslaught of human activity. We are presently in the process of destroying 70 percent of the world`s 600,000 square kilometers of coral reefs, an ecosystem containing some 200,000 different species and rivaling tropical rain forests in biodiversity. A combination of pollution, habitat destruction, and gross overfishing has led to the collapse of major fisheries and paved the way for malnutrition and disease in regions where people fish for subsistence. Globally, little is being done to manage the crisis of our coasts. Management strategies, if they exist at all, often deal with economic development along a wafer-thin strip of coastal land. Resource degradation is ignored, and watershed management is mostly rhetoric. Although some 55 countries have drawn up coastal management plans, only a handful have been properly implemented. Coasts must be managed in an integrated manner that takes into account the full range of human activities. Initiating this process is costly, time-consuming, and difficult. Yet we have more than three decades of accumulated experience to draw on.

Hinrichsen, D.

1996-11-01

95

Indonesian Crisis Deepens  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On June 1, 2001, Indonesia's President Wahid announced that he dismissed four members of his Cabinet and the police chief, depicting the move as a peace overture to his main political rival, vice-president Megawati Sukarnoputri. Sukarnoputri's party, the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP), is at the forefront of the effort to impeach President Wahid and remove him office. The PDIP won by far the largest number of votes in the last election two years ago, but Ms. Sukarnoputri was unable to broker any deals to secure an outright majority in the parliament and win the presidency for herself. Instead, the job went to Abdurrahman Wahid, a compromise candidate. Wahid's nineteen months in power have seen a number of crises and political spats, culminating in the vote by parliament on Wednesday to hold an impeachment hearing against the president over claims of corruption and incompetence on August 1. Most analysts agree that there is a firm majority in the body in favor of unseating Wahid. In addition to the cabinet reshuffle, Wahid has on several occasions raised the possibility of martial law. Neither move, it seems, is likely to satisfy parliament or Sukarnoputri's supporters. The final outcome of the current crisis is still an open question. If Sukarnoputri does take office and steps into the shoes of her illustrious father Sukarno, Indonesia's first president, she will find that the question at the heart of the present struggle -- the balance of power between the parliament and the president -- remains.

De Nie, Michael W.

2001-01-01

96

Psychiatric crisis. A comparison of schizophrenic and nonschizophrenic patients.  

PubMed

Thirty-nine patients (23 nonschizophrenic and 16 schizophrenic people), who were hospitalized on a short term, crisis intervention ward, were extensively interviewed to discover whether the crisis precipitants and the crisis experience differed for the two groups. As opposed to the schizophrenic individuals, the nonschizophrenic, "distraught" patients led orderly lives and were more likely to be in problematic developmental life stages (i$, late adolescense) or to be physically ill. For the distraught patients, the precipitating events were clearer and were more likely to involve interpersonal or narcissistic loss (i.e., the end of a romance), overt anger was less likely to be expressed, and parental figures were less likely to be involved. Both the nonschizophrenic and the schizophrenic people were thought to be chronically vulnerable to external stress. A phenomenological description of their psychopathology was included to explain, in part, their vulnerability. Suggestions about treatment approaches were developed. PMID:1176973

Donovan, J M; Dressler, D M; Geller, R A

1975-09-01

97

Using Crisis Simulations in Public Relations Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Students will demonstrate research, decision making, team building, and public speaking skills, while applying issues management and crisis communication concepts in a realistic setting. Courses: Introduction to Public Relations, Public Relations Cases, Crisis Communication.

Veil, Shari R.

2010-01-01

98

Sickle Cell Crisis Associated with Drugs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Drug overdose precipitated sickle cell crisis leading to death in four cases. Toxicologic studies in life and postmortem examinations showed the deaths to be caused by a combination of the ingested drugs and associated sickle cell crisis. Both the homozyg...

C. Delage, F. G. Mullick, N. S. Irey

1972-01-01

99

The Latino Education Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latinos now constitute the largest minority group in the United States and the fastest growing segment of its school-age population. Yet they are the least educated of all major ethnic groups. Poverty, lack of access to high-quality preschool, low levels of parental education attainment, and hypersegregated schools all play a crucial role. The…

Gandara, Patricia

2010-01-01

100

The California Electricity Crisis: Editors’ Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This short piece introduces the papers in the special issue on the California Energy Crisis of 2000\\/2001. The papers illustrate aspects of the crisis, such as the role of the gas market, future trends for investment, and the crisis’ impact on consumers. Three papers analyze policy-makers’ responses to the crisis, with case studies of over-lapping regulation, the trade-off between prices,

Carl Blumstein; Richard Green

2002-01-01

101

Scientific American Frontiers: Deep Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Deep Crisis," a new documentary from PBS's Scientific American Frontiers set to air January 28, 2003, explores the "past, present and uncertain future of the ocean's long-distance travelers - salmon and tuna." This companion Web site includes two lesson plans designed for grades 5-8 (see Teaching Guide), as well as a quiz based on program content. Homing Salmon focuses on the odor cues that researchers believe help salmon find their home streams for spawning. Salmon Counting introduces students to population sampling techniques. Both lesson plans include printable versions and answers to activity questions. Deep Crisis may be viewed online with RealPlayer or Windows Media.

1969-12-31

102

Crisis Intervention and Crisis Team Models in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for crisis intervention plans and programs in schools has become more evident during the past decade with the increased incidence of school violence and other traumatic situations experienced by students, educators, school personnel, parents, and relatives of those involved. This need has resulted in an increase of professional…

Knox, Karen S.; Roberts, Albert R.

2005-01-01

103

Crisis Informatics: Studying Crisis in a Networked World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serious crises and disasters have micro and macro social arrangements that differ from routine situations, as the field of disaster studies has described over its 100-year history. With increasingly pervasive information and communications technology (ICT) and a changing political arena where terrorism is perceived as a major threat, the attention to crisis is high. Some of these new features of

Leysia Palen; Sarah Vieweg; Jeannette Sutton; Sophia B. Liu; Amanda Hughes

2007-01-01

104

Crisis in Context Theory: An Ecological Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines a theory for understanding the impact of a crisis on individuals and organizations. Crisis in context theory (CCT) is grounded in an ecological model and based on literature in the field of crisis intervention and on personal experiences of the authors. A graphic representation denotes key components and premises of CCT,…

Myer, Rick A.; Moore, Holly B.

2006-01-01

105

Neoliberalism and the World Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper criticizes neo-liberal ideology as responsible for the recent crisis faced by the world economy. The author analyzes possibilities of forecasting the crisis and shows that modern economic views and values are inadequate for overcoming the crisis and preventing such problems in the future. An alternative system of economic values is proposed which could ensure sustainable economic development.

G. Kolodko

2010-01-01

106

FIRESIDE CHAT MANAGING DURING A DAIRY CRISIS  

E-print Network

FIRESIDE CHAT ON MANAGING DURING A DAIRY CRISIS (1) We have had dairy crises before. The crisis of the mid-1980's and in the early 1990's being the most serious in memory. Some dairy farmers of the crisis. (2) Significantly lower milk prices and therefore, dairy farm profits, combined with lower asset

Walter, M.Todd

107

The crisis: a return to political economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to examine the current financial crisis, suggesting that most analyses have attributed the crisis to a lack of business ethics, the rise of greed and lax regulation. Prescriptions offered to address this crisis draw accordingly on the need for greater regulation of market behaviour, business practices and boardroom pay. Whilst these reforms are necessary, they

Loong Wong

2009-01-01

108

Crisis and Employment: The Case of Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines Korea's employment dynamics and analyzes how adverse impacts could be mitigated during the recent economic crisis in comparison with the 1997 to 1998 Asian crisis. A clear lesson is that policies to mitigate adverse impacts of financial crisis on the macroeconomic level should be given priority for preserving employment. In…

Cho, Dongchul; Shin, Sukha

2012-01-01

109

The ‘obesity crisis’ and school physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article builds on a number of recent critical reviews to argue that claims that we are experiencing an obesity crisis are almost entirely without foundation. The possibility is explored that this crisis is manufactured through a complex process of the social production of knowledge. The article marshals evidence to challenge the basis upon which crisis claims are made. In

David Kirk

2006-01-01

110

Systematics and the biodiversity crisis  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the importance of systematics in evaluating the global biodiversity crisis. Topics covered include the following: what systematic biology is; the diversity of species and higher taxa; biodiversity undersiege; systematics and conservation; systematics and global climatic change. 28 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Savage, J.M. [Univ. of Miami, Coral Gables, FL (United States)

1995-11-01

111

Gender, Violence, and International Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women work for peace, and men wage war—cooperative women, conflictual men. These images pervade conventional wisdom about the efficacy of women in leadership roles and decision-making environments, but imagery is not always grounded in reality. Feminist international relations literature is examined to understand how domestic gender equality may help predict a state's international crisis behavior. The authors use the record

Mary Caprioli; Mark A. Boyer

2001-01-01

112

The Crisis of the Professoriate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The status of the academic profession is discussed: its ambivalent situation of having benefitted from postwar expansion of higher education, but of having been content to maintain the status quo. The worldwide nature of the crisis is noted. Available from AAPSS, 3937 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19104. (MSE)

Altbach, Philip G.

1980-01-01

113

Crisis Management: The Campus Responds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During any crisis on a college campus, the campus and surrounding community look for concrete signs that the institution is taking the situation seriously and responding with respect for the rights of individuals involved. The institution's first response must be the care and protection of the community, and individuals must be consistently held…

Siegel, Dorothy

1991-01-01

114

Personnel Resources for Crisis Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a problem with identifying the need for a crisis team response, which is deeply imbedded in medical care. A strict hierarchy has made the patient’s individual attending physician the “captain of the ship.” This is a great strategy for coordinating care in routine situations, but can become an obstruction to rapidly responding to changes in a patient’s status.

Andrew Murray; Michael DeVita; John J. Schaefer

115

Crisis Aftermath: Economic policy changes  

E-print Network

of the economic policy within the European Union and its Member States. Monetary Policy The 2008 global economicCrisis Aftermath: Economic policy changes in the EU and its Member States 8th-9th March, 2012 Court of Auditors, Luxembourg Massimo Rostagno Director, European Central Bank, Directorate Monetary

116

Energy Crisis vs. Extension Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses what steps were taken by the Cooperative Extension Service in Oklahoma, after the energy crisis began, to help landowners make better decisions regarding oil and gas leases. Oklahoma's Extension educational efforts in mineral rights management have been successful because they met the needs of the people. (EM)

Liles, Harold R.

1978-01-01

117

La crisi greca diverrà anche crisi della UEM? \\/ Is the Greek Crisis also Becaming a Crisis of the EMU?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long saga of the Greek crisis has been extremely useful, especially in terms of understanding what not to do to protect the Euro\\\\'s strength and the coherence of European politics. An initial observation regards the duration of the quarrel between Greece and the other Euro zone countries, and between the different Euro zone countries. It has gone on for

Romano Prodi

2010-01-01

118

Crisis and diagnosis: Infantile autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines a theoretical model for presenting diagnoses to parents of autistic children. The model is based on crisis theory. Actual professional practice, as determined by interviews with the parents of 22 autistic children of various ages, is compared with the theoretical model. This, study demonstrated that professional practice did not seem to have given adequate recognition to mourning

Margaret Bonnefil

1976-01-01

119

Aging in Utah: Avoid Crisis  

E-print Network

Aging in Utah: Avoid Crisis Maximize Opportunity UTAH COMMISSION ON AGING Annual Report 2010-2011 #12;Page 1Utah Commission on Aging 2010-2011 Interim Report The Commission's statutory purpose is to: a. increase public and government understanding of the current and future needs of the state's aging

Tipple, Brett

120

Technology Use in Campus Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author focuses on technology use related to campus crisis and shows the impact that newer technologies have on making the world seem much smaller and united. When crises occur, such as at Virginia Tech shootings or Hurricane Katrina, students across the United States and even the world reach out to one another through new…

Mastrodicasa, Jeanna

2008-01-01

121

Education for Today's Ecological Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the university's role in providing education for the ecological crisis, and divides environmental sciences into two major areas: basic and applied. Proposes a curriculum leading to a B.S. degree in physics consisting of a two-year honor physics program followed by specialization in environmental and planetary sciences (EPS). (PR)

Singer, S. Fred

1970-01-01

122

Energy Crisis: The Leisurely Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of their automotive lifestyles, Americans account for the greatest portion of fossil fuel consumption in the world. The desirable leisure lifestyle traits of the past should be incorporated into contemporary American culture. Americans need to wean themselves away from the automobile if the energy crisis is to be solved. (JN)

Mobily, Ken

1980-01-01

123

Understanding the Impact of the Economic Crisis on Child and Maternal Health among the Poor: Opportunities for South Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic crisis hit many countries in 2007 and the effects are still being felt, especially in poorer developing nations. Much of the debate surrounding the economic crisis and its impacts has focused on the financial and economic aspects—import\\/export impacts, economic growth losses, labor force cutbacks, and fiscal imbalances. The social impact, especially on poor and vulnerable groups, has received

Azra Abdul Cader; Lakwimashi Perera

2011-01-01

124

Responding to the ‘crisis of masculinity’: the perspectives of young Muslim men from Glasgow and Edinburgh, Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debates about the so-called crisis of masculinity have tended to focus on the experiences of white working class young men and black young men to the exclusion of other groups of men. This article seeks to redress this omission by exploring young Muslim men's knowledge and understanding of the crisis of masculinity and the ways in which they respond to

Peter E. Hopkins

2009-01-01

125

International Conference "Crisis and Mobilization since 1789" International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, February 22-24, 2013  

E-print Network

International Conference "Crisis and Mobilization since 1789" International Institute of Social of 2013, is dedicated to the theme "Crisis and Mobilization since 1789." The political Left in order to include formerly excluded groups (for example, wage-earning workers and women), and to pursue

Knüpfer, Christian

126

The financial crisis in Italy: implications for the healthcare sector.  

PubMed

The global economic and financial crisis is having and impact on the Italian healthcare system which is undergoing a devolution process from the central government to regions and where about one third of the regional governments (mainly in the central and southern part of the country) are facing large financial deficits. The paper briefly describes the current macro scenario and the main responses taken to face the crisis and highlights the downside risks of introducing "linear" cuts in the allocation of resources. While justified by the risk of a national debt default, present fiscal policies might increase inequalities in access to care, deteriorate overall health indicators and population wellbeing, and sharpen existing difference in the quality of care between regions. Preliminary evidence shows that the crisis is affecting the quality of nutrition and the incidence of psychiatric disorders. During this difficult financial situation Italy is also facing the risk of a major reduction in investments for preventive medicine, Evidence Based Medicine infrastructures, health information systems and physical capital renewal. This cost-cutting strategy may have negative long term consequences Also, important achievement in terms of limiting waiting lists, improving continuity of care and patients' centeredness, and promoting integration between social and health care may be negatively affected by unprecedented resources' cuts. It is essential that in such a period of public funding constraints health authorities monitor incidence of diseases and access to care of the most vulnerable groups and specifically target interventions to those who may be disproportionally hit by the crisis. PMID:22551787

de Belvis, Antonio Giulio; Ferrè, Francesca; Specchia, Maria Lucia; Valerio, Luca; Fattore, Giovanni; Ricciardi, Walter

2012-06-01

127

Coasts In Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This United States Geological Survey publication (Circular 1075) is the first of a planned group of monographs in a series called "Public Issues in Earth Science." It discusses the dangers posed to coasts and coastal communities by "development, recreation, and waste disposal," among other activities. It describes the ever changing nature of coastlines, and both the natural and human causes of coastal change. Four case studies are very briefly described. While not an exhaustive treatment of its subject, this is an effective introduction that may encourage further study. A small bibliography is provided.

Dodd, Kurt.; Gohn, Kathleen K.; Williams, S. J.

1997-01-01

128

Refugee Crisis in the Balkans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News returns to Kosovo, where humanitarian workers and government officials warn that the refugee crisis is rapidly spinning out of control. What appears to be an organized and systematic expulsion of the ethnic Albanian population from Kosovo has created the worst humanitarian disaster in Europe since World War II. According to UN refugee officials, over 220,000 persons have fled or been expelled from Kosovo over the last ten days, to Albania, Macedonia, or Montenegro. With entry into Macedonia ground to an almost complete halt, Albania swollen with over 120,000 refugees, and thousands still behind them, the Kosovo-Macedonia border in particular has become a humanitarian nightmare; little food, shelter, or sanitation is available for people who have been forced from their homes with almost nothing. The sites listed provide information about this refugee crisis.

De Nie, Michael W.

1999-01-01

129

Final Stage Development of the Integrated Crisis Mapping (ICM) Model in Crisis Communication: The Myth of Low Engagement in Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extending current theories in crisis communication, the authors have developed a more systemic approach to understanding the role of emotions. The Integrated Crisis Mapping (ICM) model is based on a public-based, emotion-driven perspective where different crises are mapped on two continua, the organization's engagement in the crisis and primary public's coping strategy. This final-stage testing, representing the sixth in the

Augustine Pang; Yan Jin; Glen T. Cameron

130

[Attempted suicide during the financial crisis in Athens].  

PubMed

Suicidal behavior is considered as the result of complex cognitive and emotional processes and it is a timeless, global and multifactorial phenomenon. Periods of financial crises in the past, such as the Great Depression in the USA in 1929 and the economic crises of Asia, Russia and Argentina in the late 1990s, have been associated with impairment of mental health of the economically affected. Unemployment, job insecurity, debts, poverty and social exclusion seems to lead to higher incidence of anxiety and depressive symptoms and increased suicidality. Alcohol and substance use and the reduction of the state budget for health services reinforce the negative effects of the economic recession on mental health. The financial crisis which currently affects many European countries began in 2008 and its impact on the mental health of European citizens is in progress. Greece is probably the most affected country by the European financial crisis. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential impact of the crisis' consequences on the attempted suicide rates in the Athens population and the differentiation of suicide attempters on social, demographic and clinical-psychopathological parameters during the crisis. A retrospective study was conducted. The semi-structured records of 165 attempters who were hospitalized in the Internal Medicine Clinics of the "Sotiria" General Hospital in Athens, after attempted suicide in the years 2007 and 2011, before and during the financial crisis respectively, were studied. Among suicide attempters 95(57.6%) were suffering from mental disorders. Most often diagnoses were these of mood disorders (n=60, 63.2%). Demographic data, current psychiatric disorder, previous suicide attempt and severity of psychopathology at the time of suicide attempt were recorded for each patient. Furthermore, the severity of each suicide attempt was estimated. Suicide attempts were 70 in 2007, before the financial crisis (mean age 36.9 years, 71% women) and 95 in 2011, during the financial crisis (mean age 41.0 years, women 65%). There is an increase of suicide attempts by 35.71%. There were no statistically significant differences between the two periods regarding the gender and age of attempters. There was a statistically significant increase of unemployed (p=0.004), as well as of married/widowed/divorced (p=0.02) suicide attempters during the crisis. There was not statistically significant difference in the severity of suicide attempts before and during the economic crisis or the severity of psychopathology of the attempters. The financial crisis is probably associated with upward trend in attempted suicide of the Athens population. Most affected are those who are unemployed, married, widowed, divorced. Suicide prevention programs are essential for the accurate and timely identification and the immediate and effective management of this special high risk group of attempters during the financial crisis. PMID:25035179

Stavrianakos, K; Kontaxakis, V; Moussas, G; Paplos, K; Papaslanis, T; Havaki-Kontaxaki, B; Papadimitriou, Gn

2014-01-01

131

Thailand: AIDS crisis looms.  

PubMed

Although Thailand's Ministry of Public Health has recorded slightly under 15,000 cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection to date, an independent team of health and medical experts has estimated that 200,000-300,000 Thais are infected. Moreover, the team has predicted that 1.6 million people--2.5% of the population--will be infected by 1995 in the absence of an aggressive, immediate prevention campaign. When AIDS 1st emerged in Thailand in the mid-1980s, it was largely restricted to homosexual prostitutes who came into contact with foreign men in gay bars. Soon, however, HIV infections was spreading rapidly among intravenous drug abusers and the infection rate among this group is currently estimated to be 45%. Another heavily affected group has been poorly paid prostitutes who work in Thailand's brothels; rates of 44-70% infectivity have been recorded among these women. Most recently, HIV infection has shown signs of entering the general population. Of the recorded cases of HIV infection in Chiang Mai, 59% involve prostitutes, 17% are workers, 6% are civil servants, 7% are students, and 2% are housewives. The sex ratio of HIV-infected persons has changed from 17 males per 1 female in 1986 to 5 males for every 1 female in 1989. Since the change in government in 1988, Thailand has stepped up AIDS education and information dissemination activities and condom use has increased by as much as 70%. Given the gravity of the situation, however, assistance from the World Bank and United Nations agencies in addition to the World Health Organization are needed. PMID:1969521

Smith, D G

1990-03-31

132

Banking crisis and financial structure: A survival-time analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper applies non-parametric and parametric methods of survival analysis to the international bank crisis data. The empirical results suggest that concentration in the banking sector increases the survival time. Additionally, the results associated with survival functions indicate that the G-10 and non-G10 countries constitute two distinct groups of countries, where the non-G10 countries have a higher incidence of failure

Ay?e Y. Evrensel

2008-01-01

133

Lundberg et. al) Communication Problems in Crisis Response Communication Problems in Crisis Response  

E-print Network

Communication, situation awareness, common ground, disaster information systems INTRODUCTION Effective demands effective communication. Taking a step in the right direction, substantial research efforts haveLundberg et. al) Communication Problems in Crisis Response Communication Problems in Crisis

134

Sickle cell crisis and the acute abdomen.  

PubMed

Abdominal pain is one of the most common symptoms in sickle cell crisis, and its cause remains controversial. Simple vaso-occlusive crisis may be an explanation. The abdominal pain may also reflect an acute surgical abdomen.A patient presented with sickle cell crisis and abdominal pain; he had a periappendiceal abscess at the site of an appendiceal stump five months after appendectomy. The role of sickle cell anemia in the pathogenesis of this abscess is uncertain. PMID:3531534

Nazem, A; Walker, M

1986-08-01

135

Current Sovereign Debt Crisis in Eurozone Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sovereign debt crisis that deepened within the last three years in particular Eurozone countries makes up one of the major components of the current global economic crisis (2006-2011) which were briefly described in Kibritçio?lu (2011). In this follow-up study, the historical and political origins of the debt crisis in EU countries, such as Ireland, Greece and Portugal, are analyzed

Aykut Kibritçio?lu

2011-01-01

136

Surviving the Cycle of Economic Crisis  

E-print Network

During this time of economic crisis, agricultural producers must make sure they are managing strategically, maintaining adequate working capital, managing customer credit, satisfying customer demand, and operating efficiently...

Park, John; Davis, Roy B.

2009-03-26

137

Recognizing and responding to a suicide crisis.  

PubMed

Data from therapists who were treating 26 patients when they committed suicide were utilized to identify signs that warned of a suicide crisis. Three factors were identified as markers of the suicide crisis: a precipitating event; one or more intense affective stats other than depression; and at least one of three behavioral patterns: speech or actions suggesting suicide, deterioration in social or occupational functioning, and increased substance abuse. Problems in communication between patient and therapist, often originating in therapeutic anxiety over the patient's possible suicide, were identified as factors interfering with crisis recognition. Evaluation of the identified affects and behaviors may help therapists recognize a suicide crisis. PMID:11411185

Hendin, H; Maltsberger, J T; Lipschitz, A; Haas, A P; Kyle, J

2001-04-01

138

School-Based Crisis Intervention: Its Effectiveness and Role in Broader Crisis Intervention Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis in the context of a school has many unique features related to the social structure and sense of community within schools. A school crisis exposes children and staff to threat, loss, and trauma that undermine the safety and stability of the entire school. Crisis intervention has as its explicit aim the goal of providing immediate support to…

Morrison, Julie; Russo, Charles J.; Ilg, Timothy J.

2006-01-01

139

The role of central banks in crisis management – how do financial crisis simulation exercises help?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fundamental task and responsibility of central banks is to maintain and promote the stability of the financial system. In order to achieve this, central banks strive to prevent crises using all the instruments at their disposal. If a crisis occurs, central banks play a significant role in efficient crisis management and the crisis resolution process. In spite of the

Lívia Sánta

2007-01-01

140

Waiting for a Crisis: Case Studies of Crisis Leaders in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the system of crisis leadership in higher education. Using case study methods, five crisis leadership participants were interviewed to develop a deep understanding of how they perceive their university crisis leadership system. Two participants were from a private institution, and three were from a public institution. Higher…

Muffet-Willett, Stacy L.

2010-01-01

141

Interdependence in a Crisis SituationA Cognitive Approach to Modeling the Caribbean Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a multiplicatively enhanced version of cognitive mapping techniques, this study first analyzes two of President Kennedy's speeches during the Carribean Crisis (known in the United States as the Cuban Missile Crisis). Text analysis shows a sharp decline in the ratio of controlled to uncontrolled events, an increased role for environmental variables, and crisis tangles with multiple negative effects on

V. M. Sergeev; V. P. Akimov; V. B. Lukov; P. B. Parshin

1990-01-01

142

Psychomat: An Experimental Group for University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Psychomat groups, which were concerned with student anonymity, a reach out'' to lonely students, dealing with identity crisis, concretizing one's purpose in life and also dealing with student attitudes with regard to major social issues. (Author/RK)

Sterk, Sam

1973-01-01

143

Supervision Experiences of Professional Counselors Providing Crisis Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this phenomenological study, the authors explored supervision experiences of 13 licensed professional counselors in situations requiring crisis counseling. Five themes concerning crisis and supervision were identified from individual interviews. Findings support intensive, immediate crisis supervision and postlicensure clinical supervision.

Dupre, Madeleine; Echterling, Lennis G.; Meixner, Cara; Anderson, Robin; Kielty, Michele

2014-01-01

144

Buzziness as usual? Questioning the global pollination crisis  

E-print Network

Buzziness as usual? Questioning the global pollination crisis Jaboury Ghazoul Imperial College, conservationists and political decision makers to the impending `global pollinator crisis'. In questioning-mature. Parameters of a pollinator-mediated food crisis First, I consider the para

Cruzan, Mitchell B.

145

Understanding Government Contexts in GeoCollaborative Crisis Management  

E-print Network

work together to collect, share and integrate geographic information, in part, for monitoring crisisUnderstanding Government Contexts in GeoCollaborative Crisis Management Guoray Cai College for sharing perspectives, methodologies, experiences, and lessons on how geocollaborative crisis management

Klippel, Alexander

146

Sociology and the Farm Crisis  

E-print Network

of production in order to rediscover agricult~re as a means of grounding itself empirically as well as t~eoretIcally .. The on.set of the farm crisis did, of course, spur this renewed Interest In the sociology of agriculture. While those who took up... population due to its relatively small size (3% of the population) for it wields a much greater strength than that in the economy (e.g. the production of food, control of land, international trade, purchase of industrially produced inputs, etc...

Mooney, Patrick H.

1987-04-01

147

Medical Liability Reform Crisis 2008  

PubMed Central

The crisis of medical liability has resulted in drastic increases in insurance premiums and reduced access for patients to specialty care, particularly in areas such as obstetrics/gynecology, neurosurgery, and orthopaedic surgery. The current liability environment neither effectively compensates persons injured from medical negligence nor encourages addressing system errors to improve patient safety. The author reviews trends across the nation and reports on the efforts of an organization called “Doctors for Medical Liability Reform” to educate the public and lawmakers on the need for solutions to the chaotic process of adjudicating medical malpractice claims in the United States. PMID:18989732

2008-01-01

148

Correlations, risk and crisis: From physiology to finance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the dynamics of correlation and variance in systems under the load of environmental factors. A universal effect in ensembles of similar systems under the load of similar factors is described: in crisis, typically, even before obvious symptoms of crisis appear, correlation increases, and, at the same time, variance (and volatility) increases too. This effect is supported by many experiments and observations of groups of humans, mice, trees, grassy plants, and on financial time series. A general approach to the explanation of the effect through dynamics of individual adaptation of similar non-interactive individuals to a similar system of external factors is developed. Qualitatively, this approach follows Selye’s idea about adaptation energy.

Gorban, Alexander N.; Smirnova, Elena V.; Tyukina, Tatiana A.

2010-08-01

149

Guide To Coping With Emotional Crisis  

E-print Network

in the family, a violent crime, an accident, a sexual assault, sexual abuse, a natural disaster, a suicide to manage a crisis with the support of friends and family, others may feel very overwhelmed and in need with crisis, resources to help you manage suicidal thoughts and intent, and resources to best manage other

MacMillan, Andrew

150

Recognizing and Responding to a Suicide Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from therapists who were treating 26 patients when they committed suicide were utilized to identify warning signs. Problems in communication between patient and therapist were identified as factors interfering with crisis recognition. Evaluation of the identified affects and behaviors may help therapists recognize a suicide crisis. (BF)

Hendin, Herbert; Maltsberger, John T.; Lipschitz, Alan; Haas, Ann Pollinger; Kyle, Jennifer

2001-01-01

151

Crisis and Loss: Information for Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a crisis, parents can do a great deal to help their child deal with grief and anxiety. This special issue provides information and promising practices that might be helpful in dealing with various crisis situations. Provides the following articles: (1) "Children Killing Children" (Kevin Dwyer); (2) "Disaster: Helping Children Cope" (Debbie…

Canter, Andrea, Ed.

1999-01-01

152

Eastern's Employee Communication Crisis: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores communication behaviors and reactions of employees during crisis periods, using a qualitative case study of Eastern Airlines pilots. Finds that useful theories for crisis communication can be developed only after sufficient inquiry into the communication needs and behaviors of message receivers. (MS)

Saunders, Martha

1988-01-01

153

Recent Crisis: Lessons for Islamic Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two alternative explanations of the financial crisis have emerged. One relies on deviations from the efficient capital market hypothesis— emergence of bubbles and informational problems—to explain the causes of the crisis. An alternative explanation views financial crises as internally generated instability episodes that inevitably arise from the basic debt-credit- interest rate relations. Based on a number of assumptions, theory has

Abbas Mirakhor; Noureddine Krichene

154

Photo Intelligence and the Cuban Missile Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cuban Missile Crisis served as a prime example of the importance of photointelligence in the successful management of an international crisis. President Kennedy was provided with excellent, but not faultless, intelligence through the use of photointelligence. Kennedy used photointelligence to decide upon his policy of quarantine. The quarantine and subsequent diplomatic efforts led to a successful resolution of the

Adam P. Bejger

2004-01-01

155

International policy: the Cuban missile crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study I revisit the Cuban missile crisis of 1962, in order to gain additional perspective on the relationship between organizational decision making and crisis outcomes. This exercise is an historical “counterfactual” or “what if” excursion, using recently declassified documents and simulated exchange calculations, from which I hope to draw three principal benefits. First, the study may shed some

Stephen J. Cimbala

1999-01-01

156

Do You Have a Crisis Management Plan?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although certain crises cannot be prevented, reactions to many can be planned. A crisis-management team should be organized for each building. Critical crisis-plan elements include telephone trees, forms, reference articles, sample letters, and processes for dealing with local media. Spokespersons should have facts straight before speaking. (MLH)

Pleviak, Walter; Milkevitch, Frank

2001-01-01

157

Crisis management in the Baltic States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic and financial recession started in 2008 brought serious difficulties for every European country, although not to the same extent. The previous situation of countries plays a major role in the course of the crisis and crisis management. The three Baltic countries showed a relatively prominent economic growth after their accession to the European Union in 2004. Their performance

Júlia Mez?; Ágnes Bagi

2012-01-01

158

Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and…

Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

2013-01-01

159

Family Network Intervention: Healing Families in Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a therapeutic approach for helping families relieve a crisis by calling on their extended family of relatives, friends, and neighbors to meet and initiate a healing process leading towards a productive and constructive resolution of their crisis. (Author/RK)

Rueveni, Uri

1976-01-01

160

FRESH WATER DEPLETION - A CRISIS: CAUSES & REMEDIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global problem of fresh water depletion is addressed. The seriousness and the need to have concern about this crisis are emphasized. The causes for this crisis and some suggestions in handling this alarming situation at the local level with reference to Indian conditions are discussed in detail.

V. Ramakrishna; B. V. Babu

161

Aftershocks from the Global Food Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the global economic crisis began to unfold in full force in 2009, high food and fuel prices received much less attention. Nevertheless, an analysis of international and national data suggests that a food crisis persists in many countries a full two years since food price shocks began to unfold in early 2008. This spells more difficult days ahead for

Ronald Mendoza; Megan Torres

2010-01-01

162

Politics, globalization, and food crisis discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on food security has mainly been focused on causes, effects, and\\/or the nature of the crisis. However, there have been only a few attempts to understand how the discourse on the subject matter was shaped and is still being shaped at present. Food security is at the intersection of many disciplines, and the factors perpetuating the crisis are

Bernard Joseph Esposo Guerrero

2010-01-01

163

Food Sovereignty and the Contemporary Food Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peter Rosset examines the current global food price crisis, identifying both long- and short-term causes. He argues that to escape the crisis, countries must rebuild and protect domestic peasant and family farmer food production and public inventories. The ‘food sovereignty’ paradigm put forth by the global peasant and farmer alliance, La Via Campesina, may well offer our only way out

Peter Rosset

2008-01-01

164

The Leading Edge: Enduring a Campus Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On June 2003, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) faced a frightening crisis when an employee was diagnosed with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). In this article, the author looks back and identifies four factors that enabled the university to navigate this crisis. These factors were: (1) leadership at every level; (2)…

Moeser, James

2003-01-01

165

Crisis and Loss: Information for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis intervention is a vital component of any comprehensive approach to maintaining psychological well being. An active school-based crisis intervention team can make a powerful contribution to a school's sense of community and commitment to taking care of each other. This special edition presents promising practices that may be helpful to…

Canter, Andrea, Ed.

1999-01-01

166

Creating Your School's Crisis Management Team.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools can reduce their vulnerability to violence and other hazards by analyzing foreseeable risks, assembling a broad-based crisis-management team (CMT), providing adequate staff training, and developing a crisis manual. Common response problems concerning decision-making authority, communication, and performance expectations for CMTs are…

Blythe, Bruce T.

2001-01-01

167

Neo-Liberalism in Crisis? Educational Dimensions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until the global financial crisis, neo-liberalism had appeared invincible. This article examines the global rise of neo-liberalism and its impact on education, particularly its treatment of the social democratic ideal of equality. Drawing on examples from education and other socio-political factors, it considers whether the financial crisis is…

Small, David

2011-01-01

168

Think crisis–think female: Further evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have demonstrated that interpersonally oriented leadership abilities such as being empathetic, supporting work relationships, or explicitly stating an interest in helping others are particularly relevant in crisis contexts. Since these leadership abilities coincide with stereotypically feminine roles and traits, it has been proposed that a “think crisis–think female” association may exist (Ryan, Haslam, Hersby, & Bongiorno, 2011). In

Leire Gartzia; Michelle K. Ryan; Nekane Balluerka; Aitor Aritzeta

2012-01-01

169

Think crisis–think female: Further evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have demonstrated that interpersonally oriented leadership abilities such as being empathetic, supporting work relationships, or explicitly stating an interest in helping others are particularly relevant in crisis contexts. Since these leadership abilities coincide with stereotypically feminine roles and traits, it has been proposed that a “think crisis–think female” association may exist (Ryan, Haslam, Hersby, & Bongiorno, 2011). In

Leire Gartzia; Michelle K. Ryan; Nekane Balluerka; Aitor Aritzeta

2011-01-01

170

The World Trade Organization's legitimacy crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the successful launch of a new round of multilateral trade negotiations at Doha, the World Trade Organization faces a legitimacy crisis. Protests continue to rock major international economic meetings, and the WTO s role in globalization is being questioned by many observers. This paper examines the contours of this crisis and explores the possibility that the WTO s indirect

DANIEL C. ESTY

2002-01-01

171

The Greek Crisis: Causes and Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents and critically discusses the origins and causes of the Greek fiscal crisis and its implications for the euro currency as well as the SEE economies. In the aftermath of the 2007-2009 financial crisis the enormous increase in sovereign debt has emerged as an important negative outcome, since public debt was dramatically increased in an effort by the

Georgios P. Kouretas; Prodromos Vlamis

2010-01-01

172

Eurozone Crisis: Debts, Institutions and Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Eurozone crisis is much more than a sovereign debt crisis. It calls into question the whole architecture of economic policy, from monetary policy to macroeconomic surveillance and sanctions. Beyond the short-run urgencies, EU members need to come out with a clear view of what kind of coordination device they want to invent. There are several routes forward, but failing

Agnes Benassy-Quere; Laurence Boone

2010-01-01

173

Crisis Communication, Race, and Natural Disasters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compares differences in crisis preparation, information-seeking patterns, and media use on the basis of race in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Surveys are collected from 935 Katrina evacuees relocated in different areas of the United States. Results indicate differences in crisis preparation and information seeking on the basis of race. Results also demonstrate a continued need to create

Patric R. Spence; Kenneth A. Lachlan; Donyale R. Griffin

2007-01-01

174

Effect of Crisis Plans on Admissions and Emergency Visits: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To establish whether patients with a crisis plan had fewer voluntary or involuntary admissions, or fewer outpatient emergency visits, than patients without such a plan. Design Multicenter randomized controlled trial with two intervention conditions and one control condition. Participants Adult outpatients diagnosed with psychotic or bipolar disorder who had experienced at least one psychiatric crisis in the previous two years. Intervention Two types of advance statement were used: (1) a crisis plan formulated by the patient with the help of a patient advocate (Patient Advocate Crisis Plan: PACP); and (2) a crisis plan developed together with the clinician (Clinician-facilitated Crisis Plan: CCP). Outcome The percentages of patients admitted voluntarily or involuntarily (on an emergency basis or by court order), and the percentage who made outpatient emergency visits over an 18-month follow-up period. Results A total of 212 patients were included: 69 in the PACP condition, 70 in the CCP condition, and 73 in the control condition. No effects of the two interventions were found on the numbers of voluntary admissions, involuntary admissions and emergency visits. Regarding involuntary admissions, there was no significant effect on emergency admissions, which were 17% (12/69) in the PACP condition, 10% (7/70) in the CCP condition, and 19% (14/73) in the control condition. There was a significant effect on planned court-ordered admissions, with 16% (11/69) in the PACP condition, 10% (7/70) in the CCP condition, and 26% (19/73) in the control condition. Finally, the interventions had no effect on outpatient emergency visits, with 32% (22/69) in the PACP group, 31% (22/70) in the CCP group, and 34% (25/73) in the control group. Conclusions Crisis plans may be an effective intervention for reducing court-ordered admissions in patients with psychotic and bipolar disorders. Trial registration Current Controlled Trails NTR1166. PMID:24647274

Ruchlewska, Asia; Wierdsma, Andre I.; Kamperman, Astrid M.; van der Gaag, Mark; Smulders, Renee; Roosenschoon, Bert-Jan; Mulder, Cornelis L.

2014-01-01

175

Enhancing crisis leadership in public health emergencies.  

PubMed

Reviews of public health emergency responses have identified a need for crisis leadership skills in health leaders, but these skills are not routinely taught in public health curricula. To develop criteria for crisis leadership in public health, published sources were reviewed to identify attributes of successful crisis leadership in aviation, public safety, military operations, and mining. These sources were abstracted to identify crisis leadership attributes associated with those disciplines and compare those attributes with crisis leadership challenges in public health. Based on this review, the following attributes are proposed for crisis leadership in public health: competence in public health science; decisiveness with flexibility; ability to maintain situational awareness and provide situational assessment; ability to coordinate diverse participants across very different disciplines; communication skills; and the ability to inspire trust. Of these attributes, only competence in public health science is currently a goal of public health education. Strategies to teach the other proposed attributes of crisis leadership will better prepare public health leaders to meet the challenges of public health crises. PMID:24274133

Deitchman, Scott

2013-10-01

176

The crisis of middle age.  

PubMed

Today's emphasis on youth makes it increasingly difficult to accept growing old. The denial of ageing is reflected in society's attitudes and in the paucity of medical and psychiatric literature on the subject. In the middle years there is the greatest demand for adequate emotional adaptation during a rapidly changing period in life, which frequently involves two people, both separately and together. This paper discusses some of the problems which may be encountered from the psychosomatic, sexual and psychological aspects in the middle-aged man, woman and the couple. It emphasizes the need for the family physician to be aware of these difficulties and to be able to help the patient deal with them. The more successful the resolution of the middle-age crisis, the more contented and peaceful will be the acceptance of old age by the individual. PMID:4758860

Steiner, B W

1973-11-17

177

School Safety and Crisis Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Helping young people deal with crises can be a difficult task, and is something that should not be taken lightly. The National Association of School Psychologists has brought together a set of valuable resources on this site for professionals who work with children. The resources are divided into eight different sections, and they include links to other online resources, and those that deal with specific subjects, such as suicide, trauma, and natural disasters. The natural disaster section includes fact sheets on how to help children after a wildfire and in the aftermath of a tsunami. Moving on, the suicide section contains like-minded materials on how to address teen suicide and preventive measures. The site is rounded out with a selection of crisis resources in Spanish.

2007-02-24

178

Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legit imacy of organizations. When faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. This study syn thesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width theory to provide an investigation of the effects of crisis-response strategies on per ceptions of organizational legitimacy.

Joseph Eric Massey

2001-01-01

179

Crisis during recovery: lessons from 1904 Baltimore fire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – A recovery crisis is an occasion when there is a subsequent calamity after a major crisis such as the recovery crisis following the 9\\/11 World Trade Center tragedy or the recovery crisis following the devastation in New Orleans caused by Hurricane Katrina. Consequently, this paper seeks to focus on what can be done to prevent or limit the

Peter B. Petersen

2010-01-01

180

Agrofuels, Food Sovereignty, and the Contemporary Food Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, agrofuels are examined in the context of the world food price crisis and the "food sovereignty" proposal for addressing the crisis. Both short- and long-term causes of the crisis are examined, and while agrofuels are presently not a prime causal factor they are clearly contraindicated by the crisis. Food sovereignty, including a…

Rosset, Peter

2009-01-01

181

The IGY and the Satellite Race: A Reconsideration of a Cold War Crisis that Never Should Have Been  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In October 1957 the Soviet Union launched the first Earth-circling artificial satellite and the crisis that resulted led to numerous actions in the United States aimed at "remediating" a Cold War crisis. This included the establishment of a separate civilian space agency charged with the conduct of an official program of scientific and technological space exploration, consolidation of Department of Defense space activities, the passage of the National Defense Education Act, the creation of a Presidential Science Advisor, and a host of lesser actions. The politics of these changes is fascinating, and has been interpreted as an appropriate political response to a unique crisis situation. Interest groups, all for differing reasons, prodded national leaders to undertake large-scale efforts, something the president thought unnecessarily expensive and once set in place impossible to dismantle. But was the Sputnik crisis truly a crisis in any real sense? Was it made into one by interest groups who used it for their own ends? This paper will trace briefly some of the major themes associated with the IGY and Sputnik and describe the political construction of the crisis as it emerged in 1957- 1958. It will also discuss something about the transformation of federal science and technology that took place in the aftermath of the "crisis" and how it set in train a series of processes and policies that did not unravel until the end of the Cold War.

Launius, R. D.

2006-05-01

182

Perceptions of Teachers and Staff Regarding the Impact of the Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Model for School-Based Crisis Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Model for crisis intervention was devloped for use with emergency service personnel. Research regarding the use of the CISM Model has been conducted among civilians and high-risk occupation groups with mixed results. The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the CISM Model for school-based crisis intervention as perceived by teachers

Julie Q. Morrison

2007-01-01

183

Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis  

PubMed Central

Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and increase consumption of high-calorie foods and beverages that are low in nutritional value. Electronic games, however, may increase children’s physical activity and expose them to healthier foods. We examine the role of electronic games in the pediatric obesity crisis and their contribution to more favorable health outcomes. PMID:23483693

Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

2014-01-01

184

Does Short-Term Debt Increase Vulnerability to Crisis? Evidence from the East Asian Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does short-term debt increase vulnerability to financial crisis, or does short-term debt reflect -- rather than cause -- the incipient crisis? We study the role that short-term debt played in the collapse of the East Asian financial sector in 1997-1998. We alleviate concerns about the endogeneity of short-term debt by using long-term debt obligations that matured during the crisis. We

Efraim Benmelech; Eyal Dvir

2011-01-01

185

Does short-term debt increase vulnerability to crisis? Evidence from the East Asian financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does short-term debt increase vulnerability to financial crisis, or does causality go the other way, so that short term debt reflects rather than causes the incipient crisis? We approach this question empirically by examining the banking sector in five East Asian economies that were affected by the financial crisis of 1997-8. We put together a firm-level database that includes information

Eyal Dvir; Efraim Benmelech

2010-01-01

186

K-12 School Leaders and School Crisis: An Exploration of Principals' School Crisis Competencies and Preparedness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On any given day, principals could find themselves faced with a situation that could define their roles as crisis leaders. This dissertation research offers an exploratory study in the field of crisis response and educational leadership. From experts in the field of crisis response, the author compiled a list of crisis management competencies…

McCarty, Sean P.

2012-01-01

187

The food crisis isn't over  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the credit crunch has lowered the price of food, a global recession now raises the hunger pains of the most vulnerable. The stage is set for the next international food crisis, says Joachim von Braun.

Joachim von Braun

2008-01-01

188

Energy Crisis Spurs Congress Into Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses legislation recently passed by Congress in response to the energy crisis, and the Nixon Administration's proposal for creating a new Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) and a Nuclear Energy Commission (NEC). (JR)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1973

1973-01-01

189

Kindergarten Teachers: Working through Our Identity Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the reasons why kindergarten teachers have an "identity crisis" and have come to be in professional limbo in terms of their historical roots, educational background and training, and certification procedures. (BB)

Granucci, Pamela Lesiak

1990-01-01

190

Crisis management in pharmaceuticals: evidence from Greece  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the practice, prevention, and problems pharmaceutical companies face with respect to crisis management (CM). The pharmaceutical sector is considered to be the most crisis prone of all industries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study is exploratory in nature and data were collected by carrying out semi-structured in-depth interviews with key managers in

Constantinos-Vasilios Priporas; George Vangelinos

2008-01-01

191

Understanding the Impact of the Economic Crisis on Child and Maternal Health among the Poor : Opportunities for South Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic crisis hit many countries in 2007 and the effects are still being felt, especially in poorer developing nations. Much of the debate surrounding the economic crisis and its impacts has focused on the financial and economic aspects—import\\/export impacts, economic growth losses, labor force cutbacks, and fiscal imbalances. The social impact, especially on poor and vulnerable groups, has received

Azra Abdul Cader; Lakwimashi Perera

2011-01-01

192

Zimbabwe Land Crisis Turns Violent  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This weekend the land crisis in Zimbabwe was marked by violence as one white farmer was killed and two members of the country's opposition party were the victims of a firebombing. In the past week, Zimbabwe veterans of the country's war for independence began occupying prime farmland owned exclusively by whites. These squatters have demanded that land redistribution promised for years by President Mugabe's government be enacted immediately. Mugabe himself, with an eye on upcoming elections in May, has supported the squatters, warning white farmers that he cannot protect them if they "provoke the war veterans." Early Monday, perhaps in response to international pressure, Mugabe modified his position somewhat, promising to maintain peace in the region, but stopping short of telling squatters to vacate the farms. Land reform has been a major issue in the country since it won its independence from Britain. Currently, about 4,500 white farmers own 11 million hectares of prime agricultural land while one million blacks divide 16 million hectares-typically in drought-prone areas. The political situation in the country also worsened with the firebombing death of two prominent members of the country's opposition party, Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). The killings were an ominous sign for the upcoming elections, especially since Mugabe did not condemn the attacks. Diplomats and observers are concerned that the elections next month may be marred by coercion, corruption, and violence. Not surprisingly, many whites in Zimbabwe have recently sought to reclaim their UK passports in possible preparation for fleeing the country.

Charbonneau, David D.

193

Macedonia: New faces in Skopje  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These reports from the International Crisis Group (ICG) provide information about the volatile socio-political situation in the South Balkans, specifically in the nations of Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. Macedonia: New faces in Skopje analyzes the recent parliamentary elections and the change of government in Macedonia.

1999-01-01

194

Through the looking glass: A decade of Red Cross crisis response and situational crisis communication theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis communication has emerged as a hot topic in public relations literature. However, little attention has been paid to nonprofit organizations (NPOs), one of the largest sectors of public relations practice. In particular, few studies have examined that the crisis response strategy NPOs can employ to repair their reputations. For the Red Cross and other NPOs, when faced with a

Hilary Fussell Sisco; Erik L. Collins; Lynn M. Zoch

2010-01-01

195

Nonprofit in Crisis: An Examination of the Applicability of Situational Crisis Communication Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coombs' (2007) Situational Crisis Communication Theory (SCCT) provides the theoretical framework for a 3 × 2 experiment testing the effects of SCCT response strategies from a nonprofit organization. The body of research devoted to crisis communication rarely addresses one of the largest areas of public relations, the public sector. Findings illustrate that in two extremes, one in which the nonprofit is a

Hilary Fussell Sisco

2012-01-01

196

The role of emotions in crisis responses : Inaugural test of the integrated crisis mapping (ICM) model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to extend current theories in crisis communication, by developing a more systemic approach to understanding the role of emotions in crises and the strategies organizations can use to respond. The authors' integrated crisis mapping (ICM) model is premised on a public-based, emotion-driven perspective where different crises are mapped on two continua, the

Yan Jin; Augustine Pang; Glen T. Cameron

2010-01-01

197

Controlling crisis-induced intermittency using its relation with a boundary crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we show that there is a simple and intuitive relation between crisis-induced intermittency and a boundary crisis in unimodal maps and in a family of chaotic flows with strong volume contraction. This point of view allows us to identify a set of 'target points' directly from the time series of the considered system that can be used

Samuel Zambrano; Inés P. Mariño; Miguel A. F. Sanjuán

2009-01-01

198

Controlling crisis-induced intermittency using its relation with a boundary crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we show that there is a simple and intuitive relation between crisis-induced intermittency and a boundary crisis in unimodal maps and in a family of chaotic flows with strong volume contraction. This point of view allows us to identify a set of ‘target points’ directly from the time series of the considered system that can be used

Samuel Zambrano; Inés P Mariño; Miguel A F Sanjuán

2009-01-01

199

Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today  

E-print Network

Article Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today David George A. Romero. Afin de déterminer ce qui, dans le film de zombie et la figure du zombie, permet ces lectures politiques, cet article examine, d'abord, les films de zombie classiques influencés par le vaudou

Boyer, Edmond

200

Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today  

E-print Network

Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today David Roche concerns. In order to determine what makes the zombie movie and the figure of the zombie so productive of political readings, this article examines, first, the classic zombie movies influenced by voodoo lore

Boyer, Edmond

201

[The economic-financial crisis and health in Spain. Evidence and viewpoints. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

The objectives of the SESPAS 2014 Report are as follows: a) to analyze the impact of the economic crisis on health and health-related behaviors, on health inequalities, and on the determinants of health in Spain; b) to describe the changes in the Spanish health system following measures to address the crisis and assess its potential impact on health; c) to review the evidence on the health impact of economic crises in other countries, as well as policy responses; and d) to suggest policy interventions alternative to those carried out to date with a population health perspective and scientific evidence in order to help mitigate the impact of the economic downturn on health and health inequalities. The report is organized in five sections: 1) the economic, financial and health crisis: causes, consequences, and contexts; 2) the impact on structural determinants of health and health inequalities; 3) the impact on health and health-related behaviors, and indicators for monitoring; 4) the impact on health systems; and 5) the impact on specific populations: children, seniors, and immigrants. There is some evidence on the relationship between the crisis and the health of the Spanish population, health inequalities, some changes in lifestyle, and variations in access to health services. The crisis has impacted many structural determinants of health, particularly among the most vulnerable population groups. Generally, policy responses on how to manage the crisis have not taken the evidence into account. The crisis may contribute to making public policy vulnerable to corporate action, thus jeopardizing the implementation of healthy policies. PMID:24863987

Cortès-Franch, Imma; González López-Valcárcel, Beatriz

2014-06-01

202

Social Validity of the Critical Incident Stress Management Model for School-Based Crisis Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) model for crisis intervention was developed for use with emergency service personnel. Research regarding the use of the CISM model has been conducted among civilians and high-risk occupation groups with mixed results. The purpose of this study is to examine the social validity of the CISM model for…

Morrison, Julie Q.

2007-01-01

203

"I Love My Child But I Need Help...": How To Develop a Crisis Nursery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents guidelines for the development of various types of 24-hour crisis nurseries designed to counter or prevent child abuse by providing parents with emergency relief from child care. Such centers accommodate small groups of children for a limited maximum time, ranging from 72 hours to six months. Topics covered are: types of…

Curtis, Joan C.

204

The importance of eating rice: changing food habits among pregnant Indonesian women during the economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents qualitative and quantitative research findings on food habits of pregnant Indonesian women in relation to the economic crisis that arose in 1997. Between 1996 and 1998, dietary intakes were estimated for 450 pregnant women in Central Java. Between January and June 1999, four focus group discussions, 16 in-depth interviews and four non-participant observations were held with women,

T. Ninuk S. Hartini; R. Siwi Padmawati; Lars Lindholm; Achmad Surjono; Anna Winkvist

2005-01-01

205

Open Distance Learning for Development: Lessons from Strengthening Research Capacity on Gender, Crisis Prevention, and Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper documents the experience and lessons from implementing an e-learning program aimed at creating research capacity for gender, crisis prevention, and recovery. It presents a case study of bringing together a multidisciplinary group of women professionals through both online and face-to-face interactions to learn the skills needed to be a…

Babu, Suresh Chandra; Ferguson, Jenna; Parsai, Nilam; Almoguera, Rose

2013-01-01

206

[Impact of the economic crisis on the right to a healthy diet. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

The present article analyzes the impact of the economic crisis on food consumption in Spain, the most affected social profiles, and the consequences of changing patterns of food consumption on health. This article is based on official reports and previous empirical studies. The crisis has affected diet and food consumption. Families are attempting to spend less money on food. Food insecurity is rising and the most affected groups are those spending a higher proportion of their income on food. Cuts in food spending run parallel with unhealthy eating habits that encourage obesity. Consequently, the crisis contributes to undermining the right to a healthy diet, recognized by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of the United Nations. PMID:24863995

Antentas, Josep Maria; Vivas, Esther

2014-06-01

207

Sovereign debt crisis in the European Union: A minimum spanning tree approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the wake of the financial crisis, sovereign debt crisis has emerged and is severely affecting some countries in the European Union, threatening the viability of the euro and even the EU itself. This paper applies recent developments in econophysics, in particular the minimum spanning tree approach and the associate hierarchical tree, to analyze the asynchronization between the four most affected countries and other resilient countries in the euro area. For this purpose, daily government bond yield rates are used, covering the period from April 2007 to October 2010, thus including yield rates before, during and after the financial crises. The results show an increasing separation of the two groups of euro countries with the deepening of the government bond crisis.

Dias, João

2012-03-01

208

Communicating in an Emergency or Issue Crisis A Manual for Twin Cities Campus Communicators  

E-print Network

1 Communicating in an Emergency or Issue Crisis A Manual for Twin Cities Campus Communicators Public safety emergency Issue crisis Potential issue crisis Crisis Communications Procedures-up............................................................................................6 Communications Emergency Plans

Netoff, Theoden

209

Financial crisis, austerity, and health in Europe.  

PubMed

The financial crisis in Europe has posed major threats and opportunities to health. We trace the origins of the economic crisis in Europe and the responses of governments, examine the effect on health systems, and review the effects of previous economic downturns on health to predict the likely consequences for the present. We then compare our predictions with available evidence for the effects of the crisis on health. Whereas immediate rises in suicides and falls in road traffic deaths were anticipated, other consequences, such as HIV outbreaks, were not, and are better understood as products of state retrenchment. Greece, Spain, and Portugal adopted strict fiscal austerity; their economies continue to recede and strain on their health-care systems is growing. Suicides and outbreaks of infectious diseases are becoming more common in these countries, and budget cuts have restricted access to health care. By contrast, Iceland rejected austerity through a popular vote, and the financial crisis seems to have had few or no discernible effects on health. Although there are many potentially confounding differences between countries, our analysis suggests that, although recessions pose risks to health, the interaction of fiscal austerity with economic shocks and weak social protection is what ultimately seems to escalate health and social crises in Europe. Policy decisions about how to respond to economic crises have pronounced and unintended effects on public health, yet public health voices have remained largely silent during the economic crisis. PMID:23541059

Karanikolos, Marina; Mladovsky, Philipa; Cylus, Jonathan; Thomson, Sarah; Basu, Sanjay; Stuckler, David; Mackenbach, Johan P; McKee, Martin

2013-04-13

210

On the Epistemological Crisis in Genomics  

PubMed Central

There is an epistemological crisis in genomics. At issue is what constitutes scientific knowledge in genomic science, or systems biology in general. Does this crisis require a new perspective on knowledge heretofore absent from science or is it merely a matter of interpreting new scientific developments in an existing epistemological framework? This paper discusses the manner in which the experimental method, as developed and understood over recent centuries, leads naturally to a scientific epistemology grounded in an experimental-mathematical duality. It places genomics into this epistemological framework and examines the current situation in genomics. Meaning and the constitution of scientific knowledge are key concerns for genomics, and the nature of the epistemological crisis in genomics depends on how these are understood. PMID:19440447

Dougherty, Edward R

2008-01-01

211

+ University of California Riverside + Executive Management Policy Group  

E-print Network

­ two-way communications with Incident Commander or Emergency Operation Center will be provided as directed based on emergency communications or directives from the EMPG, unless told otherwise. EXECUTIVECrisis & Emergency + University of California Riverside + Executive Management Policy Group Crisis

Reed, Christopher A.

212

Innovative European Solutions in Managing the Mega-Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following sections are included: * INTRODUCTION * PREPAREDNESS LEVEL IN EU MEMBER STATES * OPERATIONAL CHALLENGES DUE TO MEGA-CRISIS * REQUIREMENTS FOR MANAGING A MEGA-CRISIS * INNOVATIVE ENDUSER FRIENDLY SOLUTIONS * CONCLUSIONS

Steinhäusler, Friedrich

2014-07-01

213

Crisis resolution\\/home treatment team workers’ understandings of the concept of crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The crisis resolution\\/home treatment (CR\\/HT) model has brought significant reform of acute mental health care in the UK and\\u000a beyond. The complex issue of conceptualising crisis is, however, overlooked in CR\\/HT literature. This study aimed to investigate\\u000a how crisis is understood amongst those working in CR\\/HT teams.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  Framework analysis was applied to semi-structured interviews with 39 CR\\/HT workers representative of

Simon Tobitt; Sunjeev Kamboj

2011-01-01

214

Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis  

E-print Network

1 Jackie (jackiejlh) wrote, 2008-12-24 01:20:00 (FIC) Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis Author's Note: Written with full permission from the lovely mina_de_malfois. Loosely based on this dea from delurker: Mina agonises over what..., this fic ignores most of the newish plot points of Season Three. Merry Christmas, everyone. Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis I'd been holiday shopping for hours and was thoroughly exhausted—Amazon can take a lot of out of a girl when she...

2008-12-24

215

Social Impact of the Asian Financial Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cross-Departmental Analysis and Reports Team (CD/ART) of the International Labor Organization provide this report, prepared for discussion at the High-Level Tripartite Meeting on Social Responses to the Financial Crisis in East and South-East Asian Countries, held in Bangkok Thailand in April 1998. The four chapter report explains the origins of the crisis; its social impacts in terms of such topics as unemployment, poverty, and women and migrant workers; ameliorative policies; and lessons for future policy. The first chapter is accompanied by numerous references, many of which are hyperlinked to full text.

216

Aripiprazole-induced oculogyric crisis (acute dystonia)  

PubMed Central

Aripiprazole is the third generation atypical antipsychotic and a dopamine serotonin system stabilizer (DSS) effective against positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. It has a low propensity for extrapyramidal side effects, causes minimal weight gain or sedation, produces no elevation in serum prolactin levels, and does not cause prolongation of QTc interval. This case report is of a patient suffering from schizophrenia (paranoid). The patient developed oculogyric crisis (acute dystonia) with aripiprazole dose uptitration. Dystonic reaction resolved with promethazine administration. Naranjo's causality assessment reveals probable association of aripiprazole with oculogyric crisis. A thorough workup and vigilance is required prior to initiation of aripiprazole in the case of schizophrenia. PMID:23129969

Bhachech, Jyotik T.

2012-01-01

217

Islamic Resurgence and Social Violence During the Indonesian Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether social violence rises or falls with religious intensity is a subject of much debate. This paper exploits dierences in religious intensity across Indonesia before and during the Indonesian …nancial crisis and relative price shocks induced by the crisis to identify the eect of economic distress on the relationship between religious intensity and social violence. Religious intensity before the crisis

Daniel L. Chen

218

REPUTATIONAL CRISIS: SAVING THE MOST VALUABLE A COMPANY'S ASSET  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with presenting the concept of reputational crisis as an issue in its own rights rather than just one of subsequences of any other crisis. Growing interest in reputation crisis management is determined by acknowledging a company's reputation to be a valuable corporate asset that has to be managed and protected, as well as growing environmental pressure to

Ingrida Smaiziene; Petras Orzekauskas

219

Governing during an Institutional Crisis: 10 Fundamental Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's world, managing a campus crisis poses special challenges for an institution's governing board, which may operate some distance removed from the immediate events giving rise to the crisis. In its most challenging form, a campus crisis--a shooting, a natural disaster, a fraternity hazing death, the arrest of a prominent campus…

White, Lawrence

2012-01-01

220

Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legitimacy of organizations. Notes that when faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. Synthesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width…

Massey, Joseph Eric

2001-01-01

221

Crisis of Privatisation - Return of the Public Sphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neoliberal privatisation is suffering from a legitimacy crisis, an efficiency crisis (concerning prices, quality and access), and a crisis of profitability - but crises do not necessarily lead to an end to privatisations, rat- her they lead to new ways and strategies for making them more effective. Politicians and investors are loo- king for other (investment) opportunities. Nevertheless, we can

MARIO CANDEIAS; RAINER RILLING

222

Strengthening Schools: Involving Paraprofessionals in Crisis Prevention and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two important questions arise when creating a school crisis plan: (a) Who should be trained as part of the crisis team? and (b) What type of training will be the most effective and practical? The authors suggest that paraprofessionals are a valuable resource to consider for assisting with crisis prevention and intervention. Practical suggestions…

Allen, M.; Ashbaker, B. Y.

2004-01-01

223

School-Based Crisis Intervention. A Center Quick Training Aid.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As used here, the term school-based crisis intervention refers to a range of responses schools can plan and implement in response to crisis events and reactions. All school-based and school-linked staff can play an important role in crisis intervention. This quick training aid presents a brief set of resources to guide those providing an…

California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Mental Health in Schools.

224

Being PREPaREd for Crisis in Northern Colorado  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Thompson School District recognized after the Columbine incident in the spring of 1999 that it was lacking an adequate plan for crisis response. Colorado legislation led to a mandate for having a crisis response plan so the district purchased a "canned" crisis response plan that served the needs of response in a very immediate but impersonal…

Hancock, Kathy; Malvey, Michelle; Rastatter, Dennis

2010-01-01

225

Wilderness Crisis Management. Explore Magazine Technical Series No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with managing a crisis in a wilderness situation. The terms "crisis" and "turning point" are used to describe what is more traditionally called an accident. Using these terms introduces the idea that crisis events occur as logical consequences of preceding decisions, errors, or omissions, not as the result of chance or fate.…

Raffan, James

226

An Analysis of Secondary Schools' Crisis Management Preparedness: National Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to analyze crisis management plans of schools that have experienced crisis situations in the past. The plans used by these schools to manage these crisis situations will be evaluated for their effectiveness or ineffectiveness in re-establishing stability to their organization. With such information, other schools may more effectively create plans, which enhance their own

Cheantel M. Adams; William Allan Kritsonis

227

Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication as an Integrative Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a model of communication known as crisis and emergency risk communication (CERC). The model is outlined as a merger of many traditional notions of health and risk communication with work in crisis and disaster communication. The specific kinds of communication activities that should be called for at various stages of disaster or crisis development are outlined. Although

BARBARA REYNOLDS; MATTHEW W. SEEGER

2005-01-01

228

Global food crisis: magnitude, causes and policy measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to study the magnitude and various causes of the global food crisis. Further, the paper aims to suggest policy measures towards the solution of global food crisis problem. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – To verify the problem of global food crisis, the paper mainly utilizes food price index of UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Sumanjeet Singh

2009-01-01

229

Responding to the Unthinkable: School Crisis Response and Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mental health implications of crisis exposure have emerged as a critical and challenging facet of school safety and crisis response, expanding our focus to encompass both psychological and physical safety, as well as prevention and recovery. Best practice reflects this evolution in our understanding and encompasses the continuum of crisis and…

Cowan, Katherine C.; Rossen, Eric

2014-01-01

230

Crisis Management: Informing a New Leadership Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the business community becomes more complex, crisis events are likely to increase in both prevalence and severity. Whether management scholarship has kept pace with this new reality is debatable. Moreover, much of the existing crisis research—perhaps understandably—stems from a negative frame: crises are threats or problems to be overcome. Such research has produced relevant insight into crisis handling, has

Erika Hayes James; Lynn Perry Wooten; Kelly Dushek

2011-01-01

231

The limits of technology in nuclear crisis management  

SciTech Connect

For some purposes, one may consider the roles of technology in nuclear crisis management to fall into four categories. Certain technologies, such as signals intelligence, may assist in monitoring for the emergence of crisis precursors. Other kinds of surveillance, such as that by certain satellites, are intended to detect phenomena, such as missile launches, which clearly signal the transition from pre-crisis to mid-crisis. During this phase, communications and surveillance technologies may be called upon to aid in managing the crisis. Finally, communications technologies will play a vital role in crisis resolution, preferably during the pre-crisis phase, but in mid-crisis if necessary. It has long been recognized that a large fraction of these technical means are vulnerable, both to selective, direct attack, and to the unintended, collateral effects of conflict itself. Systematic efforts are underway to make these systems more robust and survivable in crisis environments, but one must clearly recognize the limits of technology. In particular, one must weigh very seriously the implications and possible consequences of intentional, direct attack, including decapitation, on just those means which may permit timely crisis resolution. In the end, these technologies may prove so vulnerable, that nations may be forced to rely on pre-crisis planning, including force structuring, clearly defined options planning, and clear statements of intent, in order to permit any sort of mid-crisis resolution and conflict termination.

White, P.C.

1986-01-01

232

Crisis leadership: when should the CEO step up?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – One explicit leadership role the chief executive officer (CEO) can play during crisis is to assume the role of being the organization's spokesperson. What remains unclear is at what point of the crisis should the CEO step up and how does that impact crisis communication? The purpose of this paper is to examine this question. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The

Marela Lucero; Alywin Tan Teng Kwang; Augustine Pang

2009-01-01

233

An Analysis of Secondary Schools' Crisis Management Preparedness: National Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to analyze crisis management plans of schools that have experienced crisis situations in the past. The plans used by these schools to manage these crisis situations will be evaluated for their effectiveness or ineffectiveness in re-establishing stability to their organization. With such information, other schools may…

Adams, Cheantel M.; Kritsonis, William Allan

2006-01-01

234

Rescuing Banks from the Effects of the Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines government policies aimed at rescuing banks from the effects of the great financial crisis of 2007-2009. To delimit the scope of the analysis, we concentrate on the fiscal side of interventions and ignore, by design, the monetary policy reaction to the crisis. The policy response to the subprime crisis started in earnest after Lehman’s failure in mid

Michele Fratianni; Francesco Marchionne

2009-01-01

235

Rescuing Banks from the Effects of the Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines government policies aimed at rescuing banks from the effects of the great financial crisis of 2007-2009. To delimit the scope of the analysis, we concentrate on the fiscal side of interventions and ignore, by design, the monetary policy reaction to the crisis. The policy response to the subprime crisis started in earnest after Lehman's failure in mid

Michele Fratianni; Francesco Marchionne

2009-01-01

236

The Banking Bailout of the Subprime Crisis: Size and Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines government policies aimed at rescuing banks from the effects of the great financial crisis of 2007-2009. To delimit the scope of the analysis, we concentrate on the fiscal side of interventions and ignore, by design, the monetary policy reaction to the crisis. The policy response to the subprime crisis started in earnest after Lehman's failure in mid

Michele Fratianni; Francesco Marchionne

2010-01-01

237

Crisis communication in Chinese culture: A case study in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis communication in Chinese culture is complicated by traditional assumptions, values, and norms that guide behaviour. The metaphor of a family is useful in conceptualizing how an organization may react to crisis situations. Face?saving and risky communication avoidance strategies are scripted and performed in response to a crisis. Lying and deception are examples of the extent to which organizational members

2003-01-01

238

Crisis and Recovery 1997-99 East Asia Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides an overview of salient features of the Asian currency crisis and its resolution; seeks to explain the different phases of the crisis in terms of the underlying economic mechanism and operation of exogenous factors; and draws some preventive as also prescriptive policy conclusions. The Asian crisis, it appears, was characterised by a single cycle in the real

MIHIR RAKSHIT

2000-01-01

239

AFTER A SEXUAL ASSAULT Rape Crisis Center, Inc.  

E-print Network

AFTER A SEXUAL ASSAULT Rape Crisis Center, Inc. Dane County, Wisconsin TABLE OF CONTENTS system. You don't need to receive any medical or legal help alone. A counselor from the Rape Crisis with whom you feel comfortable. Through the Rape Crisis Center, you can call and discuss your feelings

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

240

Real-time Crisis Mapping of Natural Disasters using  

E-print Network

Real-time Crisis Mapping of Natural Disasters using Social Media Stuart E. Middleton, Lee Middleton crisis mapping platform for natural disasters. We take locations from gazetteer, street map-parsed real-time tweet data streams. We use statistical analysis to generate real-time crisis maps. Geo

Middleton, Stuart E.

241

Early Crisis Induced in Maps with Parametric Noise  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a new type of crisis in random maps is studied. The trigger of this new crisis is the tunnel effect induced by a backward tangent bifurcation. This is different from the formerly reported crises caused by the collision of the chaotic attractor with an unstable orbit. The reasons why the characteristic time of this new crisis is

H. L. Yang; Z. Q. Huang; E. J. Ding

1996-01-01

242

The Eurozone Crisis: Institutional Setting, Structural Vulnerability, and Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unfolding of the crisis in the Eurozone can be explained by the interaction of institutional features and policy failures, and by their interconnection with real and financial imbalances. The crisis has shown that internal divergence in the EZ is based on important structural components which are unsustainable in the long run. Indeed, the crisis has magnified the gap between

Bruno Dallago; Chiara Guglielmetti

2011-01-01

243

Write the Plan before You Have the Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the development process and essential elements of a crisis communication strategy. Key steps include: (1) selecting a spokesperson; (2) publicizing the spokesperson's identity; (3) preparing a crisis notebook; (4) providing cell phones; (5) choosing a news conference location; (6) rehearsing crisis scenarios; and (7) obtaining interview…

Wirth, Eileen

2002-01-01

244

Nepal's Crisis: Mobilising International Influence  

E-print Network

and the Resolution of Conflict”, occasional paper of the Center on International Cooperation, Studies in Security Institutions, vol. 1, New York University, June 2005. Whitfield have foundered on various issues, not least flaws in the composition of the groups... : it is in an advantageous position to use these for both persuasion and reassurance. Collaboration with India and within a wider grouping would serve U.S. interests in developing bilateral ties with New Delhi (a much higher strategic priority than involvement in Nepal...

International Crisis Group

2006-04-19

245

Reuter et al. Social Software as an Infrastructure for Crisis Management Social Software as an Infrastructure for Crisis  

E-print Network

Reuter et al. Social Software as an Infrastructure for Crisis Management Social Software as an Infrastructure for Crisis Management - a Case Study About Current Practice and Potential Usage Christian Reuter will be discussing how the (semi-)professional actors involved in crisis management (police, fire-fighters, etc

246

Crisis GIS: Preparing for the Next Volcanic Crisis in the United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) specialists from the Volcano Hazards Program (VHP) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), including personnel at Menlo Park, California, the Cascades Volcano Observatory in Vancouver, Washington, the Alaska Volcano Observatory in Anchorage and Fairbanks, Alaska, the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory in Hawaii National Park, Hawaii, and the Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program in Washington, DC, are developing a GIS response plan in the event of a volcano crisis. This plan, referred to as "Crisis GIS", outlines how VHP can ensure rapid, reliable delivery of spatial and ancillary information for data analysis and visualization at any required location during a volcanic crisis or event within the United States. An effective Crisis GIS needs the capacity to store multiple, large datasets, including: base layer data, elevation data, geologic maps, hazard assessment maps, satellite data, and aerial photography for volcanoes around the U.S. It must be readily accessible by VHP GIS specialists stationed around the Nation. Such a GIS should also support installations of monitoring instruments and telemetry equipment that relay monitoring signals, and provision of updates to public officials, the media, and the public during a crisis. GIS technology has proven to be an invaluable tool for crisis response. Recently, GIS was applied as part of the response efforts to two large-scale crises: the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the Southern California wildfires of Fall 2003. In each case, GIS was used to organize large quantities of spatial data and to produce electronic and paper maps that illustrated hazards, supported decision making, and communicated developing situations to responsible emergency-management authorities and to the populace affected (Kant, 2002, and Pratt, 2003). VHP GIS specialists are currently testing the software and hardware employed in recent major crisis response efforts and are learning to adapt the technology for volcano crisis response.

Ramsey, D. W.; Robinson, J. E.; Schilling, S. P.; Schaefer, J. R.; Kimberly, P.; Trusdell, F. A.; Guffanti, M. C.; Mayberry, G. C.; Cameron, C. E.; Smith, J. G.; McIntire, J. A.; Snedigar, S.; Ewert, J. W.

2004-12-01

247

School Leadership in Times of Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leadership attributes and skills required of school leaders in times of crisis are fundamentally different from those generally required as part of the "normal" school environment. Strong school leadership generally is about positioning the school for the future, and about supporting and empowering staff and students in the pursuit of teaching…

Smith, Larry; Riley, Dan

2012-01-01

248

School Crisis Management Manual: Guidelines for Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A disturbing escalation in campus emergencies compels school districts to draft effective crisis-management action plans. Effective plans can be devised that relieve burdens on principals and other school personnel, by diminishing chaos and panic, disseminating accurate information, attending to emotional strain on staff and students, and…

Smith, Judie

249

Preparing to Help Students after a Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Generally, when a student or a staff member coped with the psychological aftermath of a tragedy, they did so without the involvement-or responsibility-of school personnel. But educators have come to recognize that schools play a critical role in any crisis response and care system serving children and youth. This is true whether teachers are…

Brock, Stephen E.; Cowan, Kathy

2004-01-01

250

America's Energy Crisis: Reality or Hysteria?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American energy crisis is real in that our supplies of fuel which can meet standards imposed on utility emissions are short, and their price is high. It is artificial in that many of the standards could be partially relaxed, and cheaper fuel used by utilities without significant public insult. ...Nuclear power from fission is our best bet."…

Spinrad, Bernard I.

1971-01-01

251

[Hypertensive crisis in children and adolescents].  

PubMed

Hypertensive crisis is a sudden rise in blood pressure above 99 c. for sex, age and height +5 mm Hg. Depending on patient's symptoms, hypertensive crisis can be divided into hypertensive emergency severe arterial hypertension with target organ insufficiency and/r damage (central nervous system, heart, kidney, eye), and hypertensive urgency - severe arterial hypertension without target organ insufficiency and damage with non-specific symptoms like: headaches, vertigo, nasal bleeding, nausea, and vomiting. The most common causes of hypertensive crisis in neonates and infants are renal artery thrombosis, broncho-pulmonary dysplasia, and coarctation of aorta; in older children - kidney diseases and renal artery stenosis. In neonates and infants symptoms of cardiac failure predominate, whereas in older children symptoms from central nervous system (headaches, nausea, vomiting, changes in level of consciousness, seizures, focal deficits). Hypertensive crisis is treated with fast- and short-acting medications; 25% reduction of blood pressure within first 8 hours is recommended, with complete normalization within 24-48 hours. Hypertensive emergency should be treated with intravenous agents (labetalol, hydralazine, nicardipine, and sodium nitroprusside), hypertensive urgency with intravenous or oral agents like nifedipine, isradipine, clonidine and minoxidil. Nicardipine is a first-choice medication in neonates. PMID:24490470

Skrzypczyk, Piotr; Roszkowska-Blaim, Maria; Daniel, Maria

2013-12-01

252

[The crisis as a gateway to care].  

PubMed

Patients in crisis want immediate care to relieve their pain. Apart from this request for immediate intervention, few patients actually come forward to request psychotherapy. In this context, compassionate interaction between caregiver and patient is a special moment which enables suitable care management to be put in place. PMID:24979917

Hulin, Sylvie

2014-01-01

253

Adolescent Literacy: Putting the Crisis in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, Vicki Jacobs argues that as the nation strives to improve the literacy achievement of U.S. adolescents, educators must reframe the current "crisis" as a critical point on a continuum of historical efforts to address the particular challenges of postprimary-grade reading. Specifically, Jacobs examines the definition of adolescent…

Jacobs, Vicki A.

2008-01-01

254

Crisis Workers' Attributions for Domestic Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attributions affect coping with victimization. Battered women who blame their husbands' moods are less likely to leave than are women who blame their husbands' permanent characteristics for the violence. Abused women often have repeated contacts with crisis intervention workers and the attitudes of those workers may affect the attributions made by…

Madden, Margaret E.

255

The African Orphan Crisis and International Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The plight of Africa's AIDS orphans has reached crisis proportions, and the international community is beginning to mobilize at the family, community, national, and international levels. Despite these encouraging efforts, the response is inadequate, and increased attention and action are needed. The authors suggest that international adoption,…

Roby, Jini L.; Shaw, Stacey A.

2006-01-01

256

Heterogeneous Time Series Learning for Crisis Monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

A very important application of time series learning is online diagnosis, or monitoring, to detect and classify hazardous conditions in a physical system. Examples of crisis monitoring in the industrial, military, agricultural and environmental sciences are numerous. This paper first defines heterogeneous time series, those containing different types of embedded, statistical patterns. Next, it surveys basic techniques for acquiring several

William H. Hsu; Nathan D. Gettings; Victoria E. Lease; Yu Pan; David C. Wilkins

257

Was There Really an Archean Phosphate Crisis?  

E-print Network

Was There Really an Archean Phosphate Crisis? Kurt O. Konhauser,1 * Stefan V. Lalonde,1 Larry may have stripped dis- solved phosphate from the ocean's photic zone during the Archean (1), when coefficient (KD) value of about 0.06 mM-1 (2). However, compared with the modern ocean, the Archean ocean had

Konhauser, Kurt

258

Weathering the Storm: Leadership during Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The president of the University of Miami (Florida) at the time of Hurricane Andrew discusses the challenges of coping with widespread campus destruction and the resulting organizational crisis, and offers guidelines for responding rapidly and effectively to the needs and concerns of various constituents. (MSE)

Foote, Edward T., II

1996-01-01

259

Briefing Paper Misconceptions of the Financial Crisis  

E-print Network

Briefing Paper Misconceptions of the Financial Crisis One of the main purposes of the Fin.g. `greedy bankers,' is one-sided. We focus on some of the most common features that appear in popular misconceptions. Below are some examples. The process of securitisation, whereby banks packaged loans to form

Birmingham, University of

260

Infertility: An Unanticipated and Prolonged Life Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews literature on infertility with a focus on myths and misunderstandings about the causes of infertility; a description of the crisis of infertility including common psychological responses; the additional psychological complexity introduced by medical procedures and reproductive technology; and suggestions for mental health counselors.…

Forrest, Linda; Gilbert, Mary S.

1992-01-01

261

Infertility: A Crisis with No Resolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses helpful ways for mental health counselors to work with infertile clients, explaining nature of infertility, psychological crisis it provokes, common reactions of infertile clients, and strategies to help clients cope. Discusses specific strategies for assessing clients' potential for suicide or self-destructive acts and improving their…

Butler, Robert R.; Koraleski, Stephanie

1990-01-01

262

Characteristics of the Biopsychosocial Crisis of Infertility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a framework for understanding the crisis of infertility which is characterized by extensive anxiety, damaged self-esteem, grief, uncertainty about the future, and estranged relationships with each other and with family and friends. Proposes some interventions appropriate to helpers from a variety of disciplines. (ABB)

Cook, Ellen Piel

1987-01-01

263

Managing a Crisis for School Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, campus tragedies across the country have prompted leaders of education institutions to redouble their crisis planning efforts. Too often, however, these emergency plans focus almost exclusively on facilities, hardware and systems without sufficient consideration for the people they potentially affect. People, not equipment, will…

Badzmierowski, William F.

2011-01-01

264

Crisis Paper Number 38. World Food Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is thirty-eighth in a series which expands the analysis of the crisis under discussion to provide a multinational view by quoting comment from a selection of newspapers of several countries. The issue presented here is the problem of world food shortages, which is briefly introduced in relation to the attemps at the Rome Conference to…

Atlantic Information Centre for Teachers, London (England).

265

Anatomy of the Global Food Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dramatic food price increases affected much of the developing world in 2008. Even as food prices have begun to relax in 2009, this trend is highly uneven across countries, and in many countries local food prices remain high relative to past levels. Furthermore, the challenge of addressing the root causes of the global food crisis remains. This paper contributes to

Pedro Conceição; Ronald U Mendoza

2009-01-01

266

The Identity Crisis of Educational Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational planning is presently confronted by an identity crisis. As long as it was believed that educational expansion was a principal ingredient for securing economic growth, democratic political processes, and greater equality of economics and social participation, the tenets and practice of educational planning were rarely questioned.…

Levin, Henry M.

267

The Crisis of Trust and Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trust, it has been argued, has been declining in government, institutions and professions. For some, this has become significant enough to diagnose a “crisis of trust”. Planning systems and planners have not been immune from this growing sense of mistrust which not only has implications for planners as professionals, but also for planning as an activity. This article explores the

Christopher Swain; Malcolm Tait

2007-01-01

268

Crisis/Opportunity: 2011 WICHE Workplan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public higher education has faced a crisis of massive proportions in the first decade of this millennium. Nevertheless, for higher education, this year represents a turning point and, yes, an opportunity. The opportunity, then, for the West is one that generations of Americans are familiar with: to do more with less. Dealing with scarcity--whether…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2010

2010-01-01

269

Confidentiality in Crisis Counseling: A Philosophical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis interventionists frequently confront a moral dilemma when violating client trust seems necessary if self-destructive behavior is to be prevented. Concern for client welfare and respect for client rights and autonomy which are grounded in Utilitarianism and Kantian Formalism, respectively, conflict in such cases. These theories are examined,…

Mayo, David J.

1984-01-01

270

The Impact of Economic Crisis on Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a common belief that economic crisis will lead to a decrease in subjective wellbeing. Previous studies indicate that income is correlated with happiness and unemployment with unhappiness. The relationship between increased income and happiness is well documented while the impact of decreased income has been less explored. The aim of this…

Gudmundsdottir, Dora Gudrun

2013-01-01

271

Financial Market Contagion in the Asian Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tests for evidence of contagion between the financial markets of Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, and the Philippines. Cross-country correlations among currencies and sovereign spreads are found to increase significantly during the crisis period, whereas the equity market correlations offer mixed evidence. A set of dummy variables using daily news is constructed to capture the impact of own-country and

Taimur Baig; Ilan Goldfajn

1998-01-01

272

Financial Market Contagion in the Asian Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tests for evidence of contagion between the financial markets of Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, and the Philippines. We find that correlations in currency and sovereign spreads increase significantly during the crisis period, whereas the equity market correlations offer mixed evidence. We construct a set of dummy variables using daily news to capture the impact of own-country and cross-border

Ilan Goldfajn

1999-01-01

273

Arab-Americans and the Gulf Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the sentiment and impact of different types, channels, and forms of aggression against the Arab-American community during the Gulf Crisis. Data were selected from entries in the 1990 Anti-Arab Discrimination and Hate Crimes Log of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination (ADC) National Office. Results show that there were 129 acts of…

Noor Al-Deen, Hana S.

274

Camp Crisis Management: Responding to New Challenges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Camps should have crisis management plans. Steps to formulating a plan include involving appropriate off-site agencies, identifying potential threats, gathering resources, crafting an appropriate response, training via role-playing, managing incoming and outgoing information, and writing it down. Sidebars present resources, successful response…

Evans, Will

2002-01-01

275

Crisis Management in a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, and Columbine High School, USA. Two headline tragedies that have led to trauma for their pupils and staff. Trauma that could be devastating because of the psychological impact and the practical requirements a crisis brings. Children's social and personal development can be negatively affected, their academic…

Barclay, Colette

2004-01-01

276

Crisis Management: A Qualitative Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One only has to recall a few well-documented incidents such as Johnson & Johnson's Tylenol tampering crisis of the early 198Os, the Exxon Valdez oil disaster of the late 198Os, and the Dow Coming breast implant lawsuits that began in the early l99Os and c...

J. W. Glenn

1999-01-01

277

Mexico's de la Madrid: crisis president  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mexico's new president faces an economic crisis of high inflation, corruption, and overextended borrowing to finance an ambitious development program based on anticipated oil revenues. The decline of world oil prices in 1981 and the depressed prices of other export commodities led to extensive borrowing from foreign banks, which saw Mexico's oil riches as a good risk. Despite its overpopulation

Goodsell

2009-01-01

278

Crisis/Opportunity: 2011 Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If there's one quality that WICHE's home region, the West, is famous for, it's endurance in the face of crisis. And if there's another, it's the ability to find--and make--opportunities even in tough times. Over the last fiscal year, WICHE has done just that. The organization has been highly successful in terms of developing new projects and…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2011

2011-01-01

279

[Intraoperative crisis and surgical Apgar score].  

PubMed

Intraoperative crisis is an inevitable event to anesthesiologists. The crisis requires effective and coordinated management once it happened but it is difficult to manage the crises properly under extreme stressful situation. Recently, it is reported that the use of surgical crisis checklists is associated with significant improvement in the management of operating-room crises in a high-fidelity simulation study. Careful preoperative evaluation, proper intraoperative management and using intraoperative crisis checklists will be needed for safer perioperative care in the future. Postoperative complication is a serious public health problem. It reduces the quality of life of patients and raises medical cost. Careful management of surgical patients is required according to their postoperative condition for preventing postoperative complications. A 10-point surgical Apgar score, calculated from intraoperative estimated blood loss, lowest mean arterial pressure, and lowest heart rate, is a simple and available scoring system for predicting postoperative complications. It undoubtedly predicts higher than average risk of postoperative complications and death within 30 days of surgery. Surgical Apgar score is a bridge between proper intraoperative and postoperative care. Anesthesiologists should make effort to reduce the postoperative complication and this score is a tool for it. PMID:24724435

Oshiro, Masakatsu; Sugahara, Kazuhiro

2014-03-01

280

Managing a Crisis with Social Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thanks to the proliferation of handheld devices and social media such as Facebook and Twitter, people can share information instantly and succinctly. The December 8, 2011, shooting on the Virginia Tech campus underscores how important it is for information to go out quickly but accurately to help school administrators effectively manage a crisis.…

Bender, T. Gregory

2012-01-01

281

Why the Economic Crisis Was Not Anticipated  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An article in the October 11 "New York Times" attributed the almost universal failure to anticipate the current economic crisis to "insanity"--more precisely, to a psychological inability to give proper weight to past events, so that if there is prosperity today people assume that it will last forever, even though they know that in the past booms…

Posner, Richard A.

2009-01-01

282

Television and the Crisis in the Humanities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is indeed a problem, perhaps even a crisis, that many Americans are ignorant of "The Tempest," the Civil War, the location of the Persian Gulf, the Constitution, or the chief justice of the Supreme Court. However, if conservative humanists continue to ostracize, scorn, and ignore both media studies and the media themselves, the result will not…

Burns, Gary

283

Roscher and the theory of crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Streissler considers Roscher?s theory of crisis to be highly original and important. Schumpeter, on the other hand, considers it only a rehash of the ideas of others. Examines this contradiction, beginning with a reflection on the essential elements of the debates on Keynes, Say?s law and classical economics. Continues by analysing the statements of German economists before Roscher on the

Harald Hagemann

1995-01-01

284

Securing Crisis Maps in Conflict Zones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crowd sourced crisis mapping technologies aggregate information from individuals, trusted networks of informants, and publicly available media sources for use in informing decision making and response. Deploying this technology in conflict zones introduces a new set of vulnerabilities that can be exploited by hostile actors who have developed or adopted network surveillance and attack capabilities. Successful infiltration or compromise of

George Chamales; Rob Baker

2011-01-01

285

Introduction: the crisis of economies and economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article introduces to the current issue of the journal by critically reviewing the articles published therein in light of both recent literature and current economic developments. The main topics dealt with concern the role of mainstream economics and ideology in creating the cultural and economic environment that lead to the crisis in the first place and that hinders now

Carlo DIppoliti

2011-01-01

286

European Economic Crisis: Ireland in Comparative Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current economic crisis has hit all European countries hard, but some are much more severely affected others. The problems manifest in European peripheral countries, especially Ireland, Spain, and Greece, have roots in domestic policy mistakes. However, the European context of these policy profiles also needs to be taken into account. The creation of the Euro initially yielded large credibility

Niamh Hardiman; Sebastian Dellepiane

2010-01-01

287

La politica industriale e la crisi finanziaria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that with the present world financial crisis national governments, particularly in eurozone countries, are left with little more than industrial policy as a tool to steer the economy. Present day industrial policy will of course be very different from the \\

Deaglio Mario

2008-01-01

288

The identity crisis of contemporary sociology  

Microsoft Academic Search

One source of sociology's organizational and academic problems is a growing lack of intellectual self?definition. The frequent celebration of sociology as a multiparadigm discipline is both an effect and a source of this lack of self?definition. Some of the roots of the present crisis are traced to the acceptance of outside values, ideological and otherwise, as a means of specifying

Edwin Hoffman Rhyne

1995-01-01

289

The Identity Crisis in Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the secondary school has become an agent of mass education, it has been beset by complex problems, particularly in the identification of its educational role and its purposes as a social institution. Key features of the identity crisis in Australian secondary schools are described. (MLW)

Crittenden, Brian

1981-01-01

290

The Racial Crisis in American Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays addresses the need for continued research in race-related issues on college campuses. The book examines the causes and the impact of campus racial tensions by studying some key university case studies and by investigating some of the underlying elements of the crisis. Essays and their authors are as follows: "The Racial…

Altbach, Philip G., Ed.; Lomotey, Kofi, Ed.

291

The Crisis in Air Pollution Manpower Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies conducted by the National Air Pollution Manpower Development Advisory Committee concluded there is a crisis in air pollution manpower development within the United States today. The studies investigated the existing federal manpower program, air pollution educational requirements and the quality of graduate level university programs.…

Moeller, Dade W.

1974-01-01

292

Globalisation, Inequality and the Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the effects of inequality on the globalisation process. It is argued that the recent financial and economic crisis is a manifestation of a tendency of the aggregate demand to fall relatively to aggregate supply, generated by an asymmetric income distribution, which in turn both increases, and is reinforced by, the mobility of goods, capital and labour, in

Nuno Martins

2011-01-01

293

Terrorism and Tolerance California's Dropout Crisis  

E-print Network

Terrorism and Tolerance California's Dropout Crisis Campus Nature Walks u C s a N Ta b a r b a r a todaysummer 2009 Isla Vista's New Look Taking change to the streets aural History rating Obama Green rules of Public Affairs, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-2100. Address changes

California at Santa Barbara, University of

294

Priority actions for the non-communicable disease crisis.  

PubMed

The UN High-Level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in September, 2011, is an unprecedented opportunity to create a sustained global movement against premature death and preventable morbidity and disability from NCDs, mainly heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disease. The increasing global crisis in NCDs is a barrier to development goals including poverty reduction, health equity, economic stability, and human security. The Lancet NCD Action Group and the NCD Alliance propose five overarching priority actions for the response to the crisis--leadership, prevention, treatment, international cooperation, and monitoring and accountability--and the delivery of five priority interventions--tobacco control, salt reduction, improved diets and physical activity, reduction in hazardous alcohol intake, and essential drugs and technologies. The priority interventions were chosen for their health effects, cost-effectiveness, low costs of implementation, and political and financial feasibility. The most urgent and immediate priority is tobacco control. We propose as a goal for 2040, a world essentially free from tobacco where less than 5% of people use tobacco. Implementation of the priority interventions, at an estimated global commitment of about US$9 billion per year, will bring enormous benefits to social and economic development and to the health sector. If widely adopted, these interventions will achieve the global goal of reducing NCD death rates by 2% per year, averting tens of millions of premature deaths in this decade. PMID:21474174

Beaglehole, Robert; Bonita, Ruth; Horton, Richard; Adams, Cary; Alleyne, George; Asaria, Perviz; Baugh, Vanessa; Bekedam, Henk; Billo, Nils; Casswell, Sally; Cecchini, Michele; Colagiuri, Ruth; Colagiuri, Stephen; Collins, Tea; Ebrahim, Shah; Engelgau, Michael; Galea, Gauden; Gaziano, Thomas; Geneau, Robert; Haines, Andy; Hospedales, James; Jha, Prabhat; Keeling, Ann; Leeder, Stephen; Lincoln, Paul; McKee, Martin; Mackay, Judith; Magnusson, Roger; Moodie, Rob; Mwatsama, Modi; Nishtar, Sania; Norrving, Bo; Patterson, David; Piot, Peter; Ralston, Johanna; Rani, Manju; Reddy, K Srinath; Sassi, Franco; Sheron, Nick; Stuckler, David; Suh, Il; Torode, Julie; Varghese, Cherian; Watt, Judith

2011-04-23

295

Local Group(s)  

E-print Network

The properties of the galaxies of the Local Group are reviewed, followed by a brief discussion of nearby groups. The galaxy groups in our vicinity - the M81 group, the Cen A group, and the IC 342/Maffei group - are in many respects Local Group analogs: Their luminosity functions, galaxy content, fractional galaxy type distribution, crossing times, masses, and zero-velocity surface radii are similar to those of the Local Group. Also, the nearby groups usually consist of two subgroups, some of which approach each other and may ultimately merge to form a fossil group. These poor groups contrast with the less evolved, loose and extended galaxy ``clouds'' such as the Scl group and the CVn I cloud. These are characterized by long crossing times, are dominated by gas-rich, late-type galaxies, and lack gas-deficient, low luminosity early-type dwarfs. These clouds may be groups still in formation. The local Hubble flow derived from the clouds and groups is very cold.

Eva K. Grebel

2006-05-22

296

U.S. Energy Crisis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

I am Dr. Robert Hirsch, a Member of the Board of the Annapolis Center for Science Based Public Policy, a non-partisan, not-for-profit study group. I am also Chairman of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems at the National Academies and a Senior E...

R. Hirsch

2001-01-01

297

Hugh Rudnick California Crisis Influences  

E-print Network

in 1994, and the Central American countries in 1997. Brazil also joined the group, and Venezuela, Mexico, education and health, creating competitive energy mar- kets to incorporate the private sector was seen is with the Catholic University of Chile, Santiago, Chile. ©DIGITALSTOCK1997 #12;Most recently, concern has grown

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

298

Role of committed minorities in times of crisis  

PubMed Central

The surprising social phenomena of the Arab Spring and the Occupy Wall Street movement posit the question of whether the active role of committed groups may produce political changes of significant importance. Under what conditions are the convictions of a minority going to dominate the future direction of a society? We address this question with the help of a Cooperative Decision Making model (CDMM) which has been shown to generate consensus through a phase-transition process. We observe that in a system of a finite size the global consensus state is not permanent and times of crisis occur when there is an ambiguity concerning a given social issue. The correlation function within the cooperative system becomes similarly extended as it is observed at criticality. This combination of independence (free will) and long-range correlation makes it possible for very small but committed minorities to produce substantial changes in social consensus. PMID:23455718

Turalska, Malgorzata; West, Bruce J.; Grigolini, Paolo

2013-01-01

299

The effect of the subprime crisis on the credit risk in global scale  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Credit default swap (CDS) has become one of the most actively traded credit derivatives, and its importance in finance markets has increased after the subprime crisis. In this study, we analyzed the correlation structure of credit risks embedded in CDS and the influence of the subprime crisis on this topological space. We found that the correlation was stronger in the cluster constructed according to the location of the CDS reference companies than in the one constructed according to their industries. The correlation both within a given cluster and between different clusters became significantly stronger after the subprime crisis. The causality test shows that the lead lag effect between the portfolios (into which reference companies are grouped by the continent where each of them is located) is reversed in direction because the portion of non-investable and investable reference companies in each portfolio has changed since then. The effect of a single impulse has increased and the response time relaxation has become prolonged after the crisis as well.

Lee, Sangwook; Kim, Min Jae; Lee, Sun Young; Kim, Soo Yong; Ban, Joon Hwa

2013-05-01

300

[Eight characteristics of leaders in crisis management].  

PubMed

Everything is changing in our daily life. The ancient Chinese philosopher, Sun Tzu, said "The art of war teaches us to rely not on the likelihood of the enemy's not coming, but on our own readiness to receive him". In the challenging environment of today, nursing administrators should prepare themselves by developing a range of skills to face the changing world. This article introduces Chinese and Western leadership theories and suggests eight key characteristics of successful leaders in health care. Equipped with these characteristics, nursing leaders should be able to collaborate with other professionals in their organization to manage any crisis. Success in crisis management also enhances an organization's general potential to succeed in this competitive world. PMID:16475066

Yen, Miaofen; Fang, Szu-Ting

2006-02-01

301

Mistaken identity: normotensive scleroderma renal crisis.  

PubMed

A patient presented with neuromuscular, respiratory and cardiac symptoms and was initially diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), myocardial ischaemia and pneumonia. He developed unexplained progressive kidney failure over the ensuing week, and his kidney biopsy showed thrombotic microangiopathy that led to the correct diagnosis of normotensive scleroderma renal crisis. His clinical presentation and course were consistent with systemic sclerosis and normotensive scleroderma renal crisis. He was treated with an ACE inhibitor (ACEi) and haemodialysis with significant functional improvement over the next 3?months to his prior baseline with the exception of kidney failure. This case highlights a diagnostic challenge requiring astute history and physical examination skills, and the value of a kidney biopsy in providing the final diagnosis. PMID:24876209

Aburizik, Arwa; Singh, Siddharth; Al-Rabadi, Laith; Blosser, Christopher

2014-01-01

302

The economics of the oil crisis  

SciTech Connect

The author, a former financial analyst with the treasury department of Iran, provides an analysis of the origin of the oil crisis of 1973 and reviews various alternate theories put forward to explain it. Seeing the origin of the crisis in terms of competition rather than monopoly, Bina demonstrates that with the internationalization of capital in the oil industry, a new regulating value emerged from the cost of production of relatively unproductive and declining fields in the US, and that the growing gap between this and the individual values produced in other oil regions, such as the Middle East, set the stage for the restructuring of the entire industry - leading to an unprecedented price increase. Thus, the establishment of a new, higher level of value, oil rent, market and 'posted' prices was the outcome of objective developments rather than the result of arbitrary decisions on the part of cartels like OPEC.

Bina, C.

1985-01-01

303

Greece's health crisis: from austerity to denialism.  

PubMed

Greece's economic crisis has deepened since it was bailed out by the international community in 2010. The country underwent the sixth consecutive year of economic contraction in 2013, with its economy shrinking by 20% between 2008 and 2012, and anaemic or no growth projected for 2014. Unemployment has more than tripled, from 7·7% in 2008 to 24·3% in 2012, and long-term unemployment reached 14·4%. We review the background to the crisis, assess how austerity measures have affected the health of the Greek population and their access to public health services, and examine the political response to the mounting evidence of a Greek public health tragedy. PMID:24560058

Kentikelenis, Alexander; Karanikolos, Marina; Reeves, Aaron; McKee, Martin; Stuckler, David

2014-02-22

304

Nepal: Dealing with a Human Rights Crisis  

E-print Network

leader. It now recognises the gravity of the situation. A joint statement by bilateral donors and the UN in Nepal has warned that "insecurity, armed activity and CPN/M [Maoist] blockades are pushing Nepal toward the abyss of a humanitarian crisis... ; and (c) planning, funding and implementing (most probably through the UN) all appropriate assistance it requests. 13. Help build non-governmental human rights capacity by: (a) defending and strengthening national human rights NGOs, including women...

International Crisis Group

2005-03-24

305

The continuing North Korean nuclear crisis  

SciTech Connect

The confrontation between North Korea and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) over the right to fully inspect Pyongyang`s nuclear facilities has continued for over a year now. Recent diplomatic activities and statements have prompted a new look at the ongoing crisis. On May 5 the Arms Control Association (ACA) held a news conference to examine North Korea`s refusal to abide by its commitments under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and to assess recent developments.

NONE

1994-06-01

306

Steel crisis and steel policy — A comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent steel conflict between the USA and Europe has once again dramatically highlighted the close links between political\\u000a and economic strategies in this field. The world-wide steel crisis has provoked permanent state intervention in the steel\\u000a industry. The forms taken by this intervention are examined and compared here for four Western European countries: the Federal\\u000a Republic of Germany, France,

J. Esser; W. Fach; G. Gierszewski; W. Väth

1982-01-01

307

Scleroderma renal crisis: New insights and developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) was once a uniformly fatal complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). With the introduction\\u000a of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors as treatment, outcomes have improved significantly, though 39% to 50% of SSc patients\\u000a who develop SRC continue to have poor outcomes, including permanent dialysis and death. Early recognition and treatment with\\u000a angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are important in the effective

Elisa Y. Rhew; Walter G. Barr

2004-01-01

308

Water crisis: ending the policy drought  

SciTech Connect

When competition developed for water, property rights were overturned as water users turned to the government for guaranteed access. The costs and benefits of water use were separated, and demand increased faster than supply. Today these problems are growing more severe, and political conflict over water is increasing. Anderson explains how a new set of market-oriented institutions could head off the water crisis and reduce political conflicts. 180 references, 4 figures, 9 tables.

Anderson, T.L.

1983-01-01

309

Demographic implications of the Russian mortality crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Russian mortality crisis of 1990–1995 represents the most precipitous decline in national life expectancy ever recorded in the absence of war, oppression, famine, or major disease. Using standard demographic techniques, we develop a model Russian mortality schedule. Applying this schedule, we estimate that there were 1.36 to 1.57 million premature deaths during 1990–1995, equivalent to between 14 and 16%

Serguey F. Ivanov; David E. Bloom

1998-01-01

310

Fiscal Policy in an Unemployment Crisis  

E-print Network

the standard flexible-price neoclassical framework are well understood. An increase in government spending reduces private wealth, and thus stimulates labor supply. Real wages fall in response to clear the labor market, but the net effect on output... empirical support in favor of downward nominal wage rigidities. FISCAL POLICY IN AN UNEMPLOYMENT CRISIS 11 – equation (10) – infers that p0 ? m/z, and that rigid nominal wages therefore infer rigid nominal prices.17 With respect to the labor market...

Rendahl, Pontus

2012-02-28

311

SARS: Key factors in crisis management.  

PubMed

This study was conducted at a single hospital selected in Taipei during the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) outbreak from March to July, 2003 in Taiwan. During this period of time, 104 SARS patients were admitted to the hospital. There were no negative reports related to the selected hospital despite its being located right in the center of an area struck by the epidemic. The purpose of this study was to identify the key factors enabling the hospital to survive SARS unscathed. Data were collected from in-depth interviews with the nursing directors and nursing managers of the SARS units, along with a review of relevant hospital documents. The five key elements identified as survival factors during this SARS crisis are as follows: 1. good control of timing for crisis management, 2. careful decision-making, 3. thorough implementation, 4. effective communication, and 5. trust between management and employees. The results of this study reconfirmed the selected hospital as a model for good crisis management during the SARS epidemic. PMID:15977136

Tseng, Hsin-Chao; Chen, Thai-Form; Chou, Shieu-Ming

2005-03-01

312

Coupled Market Behavior Based Financial Crisis Detection Wei Cao, Longbing Cao and Yin Song  

E-print Network

and petrol price are often coupled. A financial crisis may significantly change the couplings between aspect to another, namely we can not use the change of a single indicator to represent the crisis the crisis and non-crisis periods, as the drivers triggering the crisis likely change the coupling from

Cao, Longbing

313

Defining crisis in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorders  

PubMed Central

Parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder often report higher levels of depression, anxiety, and mental health–related issues. The combination of stressors and family adjustment difficulties can cause distress which may develop into a crisis. Understanding crisis in the family is important to mental health practice since it can serve as a guide in delivering service to at-risk families. This study investigated the subjective experience of crisis in 155 mothers of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Thematic analysis revealed that crisis is characterized by factors influencing four major areas: demands, internal capabilities, external resources, and subjective appraisal. Understanding what crisis means to families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder can help inform effective preventative and crisis services. PMID:24254639

Wingsiong, Aranda; Lunsky, Yona

2014-01-01

314

Defining crisis in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

Parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder often report higher levels of depression, anxiety, and mental health-related issues. The combination of stressors and family adjustment difficulties can cause distress which may develop into a crisis. Understanding crisis in the family is important to mental health practice since it can serve as a guide in delivering service to at-risk families. This study investigated the subjective experience of crisis in 155 mothers of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Thematic analysis revealed that crisis is characterized by factors influencing four major areas: demands, internal capabilities, external resources, and subjective appraisal. Understanding what crisis means to families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder can help inform effective preventative and crisis services. PMID:24254639

Weiss, Jonathan A; Wingsiong, Aranda; Lunsky, Yona

2014-11-01

315

Pubertal Timing and Identity Crisis: A Preliminary Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retrospective self-report data were utilized in an attempt to investigate the relationship between pubertal timing and identity-crisis status. Identity status interviews were administered to 105 late adolescents: 46 males and 59 females. Retrospective reports about pubertal onset were obtained. The results indicated that crisis males reportedly matured significantly later than their non-crisis counterparts whereas the opposite pattern was found with

Michael D. Berzonsky; John P. Lombardo

1983-01-01

316

SHF : "Ecoulements diphasiques", Grenoble, 8-9 septembre 2008-V. Nikolayev et al.-Physical modelling of the boiling crisis... PHYSICAL MODELLING OF THE BOILING CRISIS: THEORY  

E-print Network

.-Physical modelling of the boiling crisis... PHYSICAL MODELLING OF THE BOILING CRISIS: THEORY AND EXPERIMENT Mod.chatain@cea.fr In this presentation we describe a physical approach to the boiling crisis ("departure from nucleate boiling"). This approach is based on the hypothesis that the boiling crisis is triggered by spreading of individual vapor

Nikolayev, Vadim S.

317

5 CFR 550.409 - Evacuation payments during a pandemic health crisis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...payments during a pandemic health crisis. 550.409 Section 550...Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS...payments during a pandemic health crisis. (a) An agency...during a pandemic health crisis without regard...

2011-01-01

318

Efficacy of treatment for hyperglycemic crisis in elderly diabetic patients in a day hospital  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to compare the costs of day hospital (DH) care for hyperglycemic crisis in elderly diabetic patients with those of conventional hospitalization (CH). Secondary objectives were to compare these two clinical scenarios in terms of glycemic control, number of emergency and outpatient visits, readmissions, hypoglycemic episodes, and nosocomial morbidity. Methods The study population comprised diabetic patients aged >74 years consecutively admitted to a tertiary teaching hospital in Spain for hyperglycemic crisis (sustained hyperglycemia [>300 mg/dL] for at least 3 days with or without ketosis). The patients were assigned to DH or CH care according to time of admission and were followed for 6 months after discharge. Exclusion criteria were ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar crisis, hemodynamic instability, severe intercurrent illness, social deprivation, or Katz index >D. Results Sixty-four diabetic patients on DH care and 36 on CH care were included, with no differences in baseline characteristics. The average cost per patient was 1,345.1±793.6 € in the DH group and 2,212.4±982.5 € in the CH group (P<0.001). There were no differences in number of subjects with mild hypoglycemia during follow-up (45.3% DH versus 33.3% CH, P=0.24), nor in the percentage of patients achieving a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <8% (67.2% DH versus 58.3% CH, P=0.375). Readmissions for hyperglycemic crisis and pressure ulcer rates were significantly higher in the CH group. Conclusion DH care for hyperglycemic crises is more cost-effective than CH care, with a net saving of 1,418.4 € per case, lower number of readmissions and pressure ulcer rates, and similar short-term glycemic control and hypoglycemia rates. PMID:24868152

Benaiges, D; Chillarón, JJ; Carrera, MJ; Cots, F; Puig de Dou, J; Corominas, E; Pedro-Botet, J; Flores-Le Roux, JA; Claret, C; Goday, A; Cano, JF

2014-01-01

319

Social Support in Bereavement Crisis—A Study of Interaction in Crisis Situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on a study of the interaction between relatives of patients who died in Coronary Care Units in Sweden and staff members of these units. The social support concept is used in a qualitative analysis of the narratives of bereaved spouses and adult children in order to learn about the nature of supportive interactions in such crisis

Mariann Olsson

1997-01-01

320

[Particulars of crisis intervention in seropositive persons or the existential crisis of HIV].  

PubMed

This article presents a vision of crisis intervention for seropositive persons following an approach inspired by existential psychology. Persons who intervene must view crisis intervention for HIV-positive persons as an exploration of the close relation that exists between life and death. They must investigate the interrelations with the dimensions who intervene must view crisis intervention for HIV-positive persons as an exploration of the close relation that exists between life and death. They must investigate the interrelations with the dimensions of time, space, world and body. They must also examine the characteristics of the seropositive experience that are specific to the different infected clienteles. The welcoming process, the urgency of the situation and the therapeutic complementarity must be considered as the main guidelines for this type of crisis intervention which, in addition, must take into account the various life experiences that are particular to each of the HIV-positive persons. This approach requires that the person who intervenes and plays a supporting role must put into question their own attitudes toward the phenomenon at hand. Finally, life with the infection can also bring certain intervenors and clients to discover and profit from a number of unsuspected benefits. PMID:1515519

Ritchot, P; Sauriol, P

1992-01-01

321

Global Crisis: Local Reality?--An International Analysis of "Crisis" in the Early Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a recent keynote speech Paul Standish noted "there is agreement in judgments. But how the response to those judgments is realised is always cultural" (paper presented to PESA Conference, Taiwan, 2012, p. 2). Making judgments about what constitutes "crisis" for children is not necessarily agreed universally, though clearly…

White, E. Jayne; Pramling-Samuelsson, Ingrid

2014-01-01

322

EDITORIAL: Crisis management - and creation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the time of writing an ad hoc group set up by a governmental quango - the Schools Curriculum and Assessment Authority - is rewriting the subject cores for AS and A-level physics. The current version was introduced to general disapprobation from informed users, and especially from the Institute of Physics, and was examined for the first time in 1996. The main points of criticism of the current subject core were that it is too prescriptive, too large (especially at AS) and preserves an old-fashioned view of physics. It was seen as essentially all rather boring and quite unlikely to make it easier for teachers to attract more students into A-level physics courses. The core will, presumably, form the bulk of the new-style AS levels, an intriguingly innovative feature of the Dearing 16 - 19 proposals that, in principle, provides an opportunity to revitalize post-16 physics for a wide variety of potential users. But the other predicted consequence of a nationally (legally) prescribed core was a kind of instant fossilization of curriculum development and innovation. Creativity is effectively banned. Taking risks becomes unthinkable. Taken in conjunction with the less well known (except to examiners) increasingly close bureaucratic supervision of the examining process itself, the aim seems to be consistent mediocrity rather than the adventurous exploration of physics at what must be one of the most exciting (and rapidly changing) times in its history. The September issue of this journal dealt with some aspects of the new thinking about an education in (and through) physics, in the context of the IoP initiative to produce a modern physics curriculum for the year 2000. It is foreseeably improbable that the new subject core will be such as to encourage creative initiatives, other than by a third-law reaction effect. I am told that the ad hoc committee (membership unknown) will work for at least three whole days to produce the core; it will then be submitted for approval by yet more unknown persons. But we live in a democracy, and the new core will be put out for consultation. This will take place between November 1st and 20th, and so will be over, more or less, by the time you read this Editorial. Ordinary teachers of physics are unlikely to be asked for opinions. However, the Institute's informal rapid response team will do their best to represent the interests not only of its members but of the wider physics community. The question remains, however, as to why such rapid reactions are necessary. Surely now is the time to reflect upon the consequences of the rushed initiatives of the past eight years or so in education, and indeed undertake a professional, independent evaluation of them. But our rulers seem incapable of doing other than create crises, and then managing the crises they create by creating even more. There are of course alternatives to this, as could easily be discovered by looking north of Hadrian's Wall, where change is taking placed in a managed, courteous fashion, and where the numbers of students studying physics post-16 is gently increasing. The Scottish Office Education Department has recently taken part in an OECD study of curriculum innovation in 13 countries. The department reports some key findings in the Scottish initiative which are in fact common to all the successful initiatives reported [1, 2]. The message is clear: curriculum change will fail - either completely or at least in reaching the anticipated outcome fully - if certain requirements are not met. The most significant of these, reported in the OECD study, are: Teachers will respond to challenges to become involved in curriculum innovation and to acquire new skills and competences if they are given encouragement and reassurance that they will be well supported in their efforts. Innovation must be systemic, i.e. showing an awareness that many aspects of education are interrelated (so that a change in one affects others). Teacher involvement is vital (how teachers make sense of it is what really matters; they need not only support but time for r

Dobson Honorary Editor, Ken

1996-11-01

323

Brazilian exchange rate complexity: Financial crisis effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the financial market globalization, foreign investments became vital for the economies, mainly in emerging countries. In the last decades, Brazilian exchange rates appeared as a good indicator to measure either investors' confidence or risk aversion. Here, some events of global or national financial crisis are analyzed, trying to understand how they influenced the "dollar-real" rate evolution. The theoretical tool to be used is the López-Mancini-Calbet (LMC) complexity measure that, applied to real exchange rate data, has shown good fitness between critical events and measured patterns.

Piqueira, José Roberto C.; Mortoza, Letícia Pelluci D.

2012-04-01

324

Addressing the Crisis in Fundamental Physics  

E-print Network

I present the case for fundamental physics experiments in space playing an important role in addressing the current "dark energy'' crisis. If cosmological observations continue to favor a value of the dark energy equation of state parameter w=-1, with no change over cosmic time, then we will have difficulty understanding this new fundamental physics. We will then face a very real risk of stagnation unless we detect some other experimental anomaly. The advantages of space-based experiments could prove invaluable in the search for the a more complete understanding of dark energy. This talk was delivered at the start of the Fundamental Physics Research in Space Workshop in May 2006.

Christopher W. Stubbs

2007-12-18

325

Location of geographical objects in crisis situations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article summarizes the various expressions of object positioning using different coordinate data and different methods, such as use of maps, exploiting the properties of digital Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) networks, Global Navigational Satellite Systems (GNSS), Inertial Navigation Systems (INS), Inertial Measurement Systems (IMS), hybrid methods and non-contact (remote sensing) methods; all with varying level of accuracy. Furthermore, the article describes some geographical identifiers and verbal means to describe location of geographical objects such as settlements, rivers, forest, roads, etc. All of the location methods have some advantages and disadvantages, especially in emergency situations, when usually the crisis management has a lack of time in a decision process.

Rybansky, M.; Kratochvil, V.

2014-02-01

326

Dark Energy: A Crisis for Fundamental Physics  

SciTech Connect

Astrophysical observations provide robust evidence that our current picture of fundamental physics is incomplete. The discovery in 1998 that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating (apparently due to gravitational repulsion between regions of empty space!) presents us with a profound challenge, at the interface between gravity and quantum mechanics. This "Dark Energy" problem is arguably the most pressing open question in modern fundamental physics. The first talk will describe why the Dark Energy problem constitutes a crisis, with wide-reaching ramifications. One consequence is that we should probe our understanding of gravity at all accessible scales, and the second talk will present experiments and observations that are exploring this issue.

Stubbs, Christopher (Harvard) [Harvard

2010-04-12

327

Rapid Population Maps for Crisis Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Population numbers are crucial information in the aftermath of a natural disaster\\u000a . Questions like how many people are affected, how many survived and how many would need prolonged assistance are key issues\\u000a for crisis response\\u000a and reconstruction. However, information and accurate figures on where people live and population\\u000a characteristics are not always available, especially in developing countries.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a A methodology

Gunter Zeug; Olaf Kranz; Sandra Eckert

328

The Carbon Crisis: An Evolutionary Perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By the 'carbon crisis' I mean the coupled crises of the depletion of the highest-EROI sources of fossil fuels and the global warming caused by our use of those fossil fuels. (EROI means 'energy return on energy investment'; Hall 2011.) While global warming is arguably more urgent, either of these factors would sooner or later be sufficient by itself to call a halt to our global-scale, energy-intensive, high technology economy. In lethal combination, they threaten to drastically reduce the capacity of the planet to support 7+ billion talking hominids. I will pull the camera back for a very long view and characterize the carbon crisis and our possible responses to it from an evolutionary and ecological perspective. It remains unclear why sapiens emerged rather suddenly as the most successful member of the family Homo about 50 to 60 kya; some argue that this neurological explosion could be due to our ancestors having survived the rigors of the Toba population bottleneck, which presumably would have favoured high adaptability (Ambrose 1998). Whatever the cause, Paleolithic humans deployed an unprecedented combination of technological and social ingenuity (the capacity for adaptive social organization; Homer-Dixon 2001). Aided by the relatively benign climate of the Holocene and ultimately by our increasing ability to tap into the resources of the 'found' ecology, especially the vast stores of hydrocarbons bequeathed by the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras, our population has grown exponentially to its present unsteady pinnacle of (possibly) temporary reproductive success. The question now is what happens next. It was human ingenuity that got us through the ice age, put footprints on the Moon, and brought us to this crisis point; now, only human ingenuity (both social and technical) can get us past it. Our species will finally achieve a sustainable mode of existence on this planet when (in E. Odum's words; 1973) 'the present-day concept of ';unlimited exploitation of resources'' gives way to 'unlimited ingenuity in perpetuating a cyclic abundance of resources.' Unfortunately, the human animal is susceptible to powerful social pathologies and cognitive biases which often tend to inhibit the exercise of ingenuity precisely when it is needed the most. (The sorry history of collapsed cultures of the past bears witness to this fact; Tainter 1988, Diamond 2005.) I will examine the nature of such inhibiting pathologies (which include climate science denialism!) and suggest ways around them (the most effective of which, ultimately, will probably turn out to be education). In the deepest analysis, what we need the most in order to get past the carbon crisis is not merely zero-emissions energy sources, but ingenuity in the fostering of human ingenuity.

Peacock, K.

2013-12-01

329

Group Assignment-1 Group A Group B Group C  

E-print Network

Group Assignment-1 Group A Group B Group C Shirkhodai, Arta ( artashir ) Kurozumi, Dean ( kurozumi ) Trang, Derrick ( trangd ) Yim, Gilbert ( gyim ) Marchant, Richard ( rmarchan) Young, Garrett ( garrettz

Zhang, Rui

330

Group Assignment-2 Group A Group B Group C  

E-print Network

Group Assignment-2 Group A Group B Group C Shirkhodai, Arta ( artashir ) Kurozumi, Dean ( kurozumi ( cobatake ) Shultz, Allen ( shultzam ) Yamakawa, Kelsie ( kayama ) Young, Garrett ( garrettz ) Walser, Ryan

Zhang, Rui

331

Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Permian-Triassic mass extinction was the most severe biotic crisis in the past 500 million years. Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain the crisis, but few account for the spectrum of extinction selectivity and subsequent recovery. Here we show that selective losses are best accounted for by a combination of lethally warm, shallow waters and anoxic deep waters that acted to severely restrict the habitable area to a narrow mid-water refuge zone. The relative tolerance of groups to this double whammy provides the first clear explanation for the selective extinction losses during this double-pulsed crisis and also the fitful recovery. Thus, high temperature intolerant shallow-water dwellers, such as corals, large foraminifers and radiolarians were eliminated first whilst high temperature tolerant ostracods thrived except in anoxic deeper-waters. In contrast, hypoxia tolerant but temperature intolerant small foraminifers were driven from shallow-waters but thrived on dysoxic slopes margins. Only those mollusc groups, which are tolerant of both hypoxia and high temperatures, were able to thrive in the immediate aftermath of the extinction. Limited Early Triassic benthic recovery was restricted to mid-water depths and coincided with intervals of cooling and deepening of water column anoxia that expanded the habitable mid-water refuge zone.

Song, Haijun; Wignall, Paul B.; Chu, Daoliang; Tong, Jinnan; Sun, Yadong; Song, Huyue; He, Weihong; Tian, Li

2014-02-01

332

Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath.  

PubMed

The Permian-Triassic mass extinction was the most severe biotic crisis in the past 500 million years. Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain the crisis, but few account for the spectrum of extinction selectivity and subsequent recovery. Here we show that selective losses are best accounted for by a combination of lethally warm, shallow waters and anoxic deep waters that acted to severely restrict the habitable area to a narrow mid-water refuge zone. The relative tolerance of groups to this double whammy provides the first clear explanation for the selective extinction losses during this double-pulsed crisis and also the fitful recovery. Thus, high temperature intolerant shallow-water dwellers, such as corals, large foraminifers and radiolarians were eliminated first whilst high temperature tolerant ostracods thrived except in anoxic deeper-waters. In contrast, hypoxia tolerant but temperature intolerant small foraminifers were driven from shallow-waters but thrived on dysoxic slopes margins. Only those mollusc groups, which are tolerant of both hypoxia and high temperatures, were able to thrive in the immediate aftermath of the extinction. Limited Early Triassic benthic recovery was restricted to mid-water depths and coincided with intervals of cooling and deepening of water column anoxia that expanded the habitable mid-water refuge zone. PMID:24549265

Song, Haijun; Wignall, Paul B; Chu, Daoliang; Tong, Jinnan; Sun, Yadong; Song, Huyue; He, Weihong; Tian, Li

2014-01-01

333

Squeezed from All Sides: The CSU Crisis and California's Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California long enjoyed rapid growth, abundant jobs, and expanding college opportunity--key elements of the California dream. Now the state is struggling to recover from its worst economic crisis in generations, a demographic slowdown, a devastating collapse of the wealth of the state' families from the housing crisis, and severe cutbacks in…

Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2011

2011-01-01

334

Digging Deeper: Crisis Management in the Coal Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores crisis management/communication practices within the coal industry through the lens of high reliability organization (HRO) concepts and sensemaking theory. In-depth interviews with industry executives and an analysis of an emergency procedures manual were used to provide an exploratory examination of the status of crisis

Miller, Barbara M.; Horsley, J. Suzanne

2009-01-01

335

Presidential Perspectives of Crisis Preparedness at Christian Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crises, whether human or natural, occur on all college campuses. Extensive research has been conducted on crisis preparedness at four-year, nondenominational institutions. This study examined crisis preparedness at Christian institutions of higher education. The study examined the perspectives of presidents of Christian institutions of higher…

Burrell, Stacy M.; Heiselt, April K.

2012-01-01

336

Psychosocial Dynamics of the US Catholic Church Sexual Abuse Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This paper presents open systems analysis of the organizational dynamics of the US Catholic Church sexual abuse crisis. Most of the current literature on the crisis assigns culpability to various parties involved – in most cases to bishops and Church officials in Rome. This analysis offers a way of understanding events that goes beyond assigning culpability on the part

William H. Barber

2005-01-01

337

The Prospect for Crisis Management and Non Violent Sustainable Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that Iran's struggle for obtaining nuclear technology may lead to a new crisis in the Persian Gulf. As Iran offers its own reasons to have access to this technology, the West has its own perceptions and fears. With a US major role, the emerging crisis may lead to devastating impacts on the Persian Gulf region, the Middle-

Reza Simbar

338

The Asian Crisis: An Economic Analysis of the Causes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevailing views suggest that short-term, unhedged foreign borrowing and crony capitalism, in combination with a weak financial system and lack of transparency may lie at the heart of the Asian financial crisis of 1997. Although the crisis first began in Thailand, it quickly spread to the rest of the region. While it is important to know the causes of the

Saleheen Khan; Faridul Islam; Syed Ahmed

2005-01-01

339

Effectiveness of Blog Response Strategies to Minimize Crisis Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of four post-crisis responses on five different variables using a blog tool. The four post-crisis responses are information only, compensation, apology, and sympathy. The five dependent variables are reputation, anger (negative emotion), negative word-of-mouth, account acceptance and state of the publics based on…

Tomsic, Louis P.

2010-01-01

340

Irans Water Crisis; Inducers, Challenges and Counter-Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Similar to many countries in the world experiencing extreme water shortages, the Islamic Republic of Iran is also in the midst of a serious water crisis. The looming crisis is being blamed on a number of factors including population growth and uneven distribution, natural phenomena such as droughts and changing climate patterns, and the mismanagement of existing water resources. The

Kaveh Madani Larijani

2005-01-01

341

PHILOSOPHICAL INQUIRY AND THE CRISIS OF CUBAN PUBLIC LIFE  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a historical perspective, the crisis of Cuban public life is rooted in Cuba's colonial experience. It was then that the seed of an incompatible relation- ship between Cuba's economic and political institu- tions was planted. The genesis of this crisis is the na- ture of the social stratification created by Spanish colonialism. It engendered a form of social stratifica-

Roberto J. Vichot

342

The Preparation of School Psychologists for Crisis Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School psychologists were surveyed regarding the following aspects of crisis intervention: university preparation, continuing professional development, and current involvement with school crisis plans. Of those receiving university training, 58% believed they were minimally or not at all prepared to deal with school crises. Suicide, violence, and…

Allen, Melissa; Jerome, Annette; White, Adrianne; Martson, Stephanie; Lamb, Shannon; Pope, Debbi; Rawlins, Carrie

2002-01-01

343

School Counselors' Preparation for and Participation in Crisis Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores school counselors' preparation for and participation in crisis intervention. Results indicated that almost 36 percent of counselors are entering the profession with no formal coursework on or supervised experiences of crisis intervention in their practica or internships. Provides specific recommendations on strengthening counselor…

Allen, Melissa; Burt, Karen; Bryan, Eric; Carter, David; Orsi, Ralph; Durkan, Lisa

2002-01-01

344

Modality planning for preventing tunnel vision in crisis management  

E-print Network

, they are experiencing "framing bias" [6] [18]. When they tend to confirm their understanding by seeking only confirmed, the growing bias may lead to costly delay and errors. Considering the specific task of crisis and cognitive overload often result in a set of bias in crisis manager's situation understanding and infor

Nijholt, Anton

345

The British government's view of the Cuban missile crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article is based on British government sources opened in the Public Record Office at Kew since 1993. It demonstrates how these newly opened British sources illuminate many aspects of the Cuban missile crisis by offering some new details and new perspectives. The first half of the article provides a chronological discussion of Britain's role in the crisis. The second

Peter G. Boyle

1996-01-01

346

Nikita Khrushchev, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the Aftermath  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the use of primary and secondary sources, this essay seeks to define the role of Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev during the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962, which was essential to avoiding nuclear devastation between the Soviet Union and the United States. Additionally, the essay examines the consequences of the crisis including the Sino-Soviet split, the ousting of Khrushchev,

Jason K Roeschley

2011-01-01

347

The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was Kennedy's Way the Best Way?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional interpretation of the Cuban missile crisis is held by nearly all of the participants in the crisis, as well as by many contemporary observers, including numerous journalists and political scientists of the 1960s and 1970s. For the most part, the traditionalists form a cohesive interpretation, with nearly all traditional writers agreeing on at least three basic issues.

Lisa A. Erb

1989-01-01

348

Tourism Crisis Management Institute 2011-2012 Annual Report  

E-print Network

media as a standard business practice. As the emergence of social media in crisis communication of developing a tourism crisis preparedness certification (page 7). The past year has proven that social media continues, it is apparent that social media serves as a voice for the tourist, as well as the industry. We

Guo, Jing

349

Classroom Crisis Counseling in the Aftermath of School Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous counseling needs are generated in the aftermath of school crises, particularly crises involving school violence. Meeting these needs can be assisted when school psychologists involve classroom teachers in the planning and implementation of crisis counseling. This paper provides information about a crisis counseling intervention model…

Paris, Norma Jean

350

The compatibility of corrective action in organizational crisis communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corrective action is one of several strategies for image restoration available to organizations facing crisis situations. A conflict often exists between organization members who wish to correct for a crisis and those who feel such correction is limiting or constitutes an unfortunate admission of guilt. This study explores the relationship between corrective action and other image restoration strategies. Specifically, the

Timothy L. Sellnow; Robert R. Ulmer; Michelle Snider

1998-01-01

351

The Philadelphia School District's Ongoing Financial Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the budget crisis that the School District of Philadelphia has faced for the past few years. Three specific events triggered the 2012 crisis: an abrupt reduction in federal and state funding, the inability of the district to cut many of its costs, and political pressures on the district to spend available revenues in a given…

Caskey, John; Kuperberg, Mark

2014-01-01

352

Issue and crisis management: Quicksand in the definitional landscape  

Microsoft Academic Search

The broad field of public relations is plagued by difficulties of definition, none more problematic than the definitional challenges facing issue management and crisis management. After considering the need for commonly understood language as a basis for meaningful discourse, the paper identifies the particular reasons for ongoing ambiguity in issue and crisis management and charts some distinct approaches which have

Tony Jaques

2009-01-01

353

Nuclear Power No Solution to the Climate Crisis  

E-print Network

Nuclear Power No Solution to the Climate Crisis Michael Mariotte Nuclear Information and Resource-12, 2009 #12;Environmental Statement on Nuclear Power and the Climate Crisis "We do not support emissions than nuclear power." Signed by 483 US organizations, 164 int'l organizations and 10

Laughlin, Robert B.

354

Defining Crisis in Families of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder often report higher levels of depression, anxiety, and mental health-related issues. The combination of stressors and family adjustment difficulties can cause distress which may develop into a crisis. Understanding crisis in the family is important to mental health practice since it can…

Weiss, Jonathan A.; Wingsiong, Aranda; Lunsky, Yona

2014-01-01

355

Global Hydrology and the Construction of a Water Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the popular discourse of the 'global water crisis' as it came into prominence in the 1990s. It argues that in addition to the serious problems associated with the availability and condition of freshwater resources in many parts of the wor ld, the ' crisis' was generated by developments in hy drological methods that originated i n t

James I. Linton

356

The Food Crisis, Industrialized Farming and the Imperial Regime  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the food crisis cannot solely be equated with abrupt food price increases or seen as merely market induced. The unprecedented price increases of the first half of 2008, and the extremely low prices that followed, are expressions of a far wider and far more persistent underlying crisis, which has been germinating for more than a decade.

Ploeg van der J. D

2010-01-01

357

World Hunger Crisis Kit. Hope for the Hungry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet introduces the problem of world hunger and provides information, facts, and perspectives about the crisis. Section one presents the reader with the basic facts of the hunger crisis through a self-survey, a statistical study of the developed Oil Producing Export Countries (OPEC), and a one-page indication of what one would have to give…

Woito, Robert, Ed.

358

Research Method of Customer Churn Crisis Based on Decision Tree  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tells the basic concept of customer churn crisis. It provides a method of customer churn crisis based on decision tree. Also it describes how to apply the decision tree method analyzing the basic business customer information to get the characteristics of the customer churn and customer churn rules. Based on this analysis, businesses can improve customer relations in

Ma Hongxia; Qin Min

2009-01-01

359

Coping with Crisis: Teaching Students Managerial and Ethical Constraints.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a three-week section of a business communication course on the strategies of crisis communication. Provides background on the emergence of the field, a summary of several notable case studies for possible consideration, and suggestions on how crisis communication can be successfully integrated into the business communication curriculum.…

Barton, Laurence

1990-01-01

360

Development and Reliability of the Comprehensive Crisis Plan Checklist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is of vital importance that children are educated in a safe environment. Every school needs to have a well-developed crisis management document containing plans for prevention, intervention, and postvention. We developed the Comprehensive Crisis Plan Checklist (CCPC) to serve as a valuable tool that can be used to assist practitioners with…

Aspiranti, Kathleen B.; Pelchar, Taylor K.; McCLeary, Daniel F.; Bain, Sherry K.; Foster, Lisa N.

2011-01-01

361

The economic and monetary union countries vs. the global crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial and economic crisis revealed institutional weaknesses and structural problems of particular Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) countries. The crisis and slowdown that followed had an impact on their relative competitiveness. Financial and economic turbulences of recent years shed new light on the scale and scope of interdependences in the world economy. They uncovered economic and institutional flaws

Tadeusz Kowalski

2012-01-01

362

Things fall apart: A logical analysis of crisis resolution dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition from an international crisis to a state of conflict is examined from the perspective of a general theory of adaptive response mechanisms. The dynamical logical structures of crises are examined in detail, and implications drawn about the ability of a system to respond to foreign policy crises. It is shown that not only can the crisis response mechanism

Michael D. Ward

1988-01-01

363

Coping Strategies for the Global Financial Crisis of Higher Education  

E-print Network

Coping Strategies for the Global Financial Crisis of Higher Education International Forum on Higher #12;Overview International trends Comparative international data on higher education Challenges due to the financial crisis © 2011, Donald E. Heller 2 #12;International trends in higher education Increasing

Heller, Don

364

THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP IN THE MANAGEMENT OF CRISIS SITUATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis situations are inherent in the activity of any modern organization,regardless its type – public, military or private – and they affect the efficiency of human resource or even organization’s excellence. For nearly two years, the organizational environment has been marked by the effects of the latest economical and financial crisis, which amplified the organizational tensions, highlighting, in the absence

Iulian Mitu?

2011-01-01

365

The Triple Crisis and the Global Aid Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global economy is passing through a period of profound change. The immediate concern is with the financial crisis, originating in the North. The South is affected via reduced demand and lower prices for their exports, reduced private financial flows, and falling remittances. This is the first crisis. Simultaneously, climate change remains unchecked, with the growth in greenhouse gas emissions

Tony Addison; Channing Arndt; Finn Tarp

2010-01-01

366

A Dialog Action Manager for automatic crisis management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of our research on the development of a Dialog Action Manager - DAM as part of a complex crisis management system. Imagine the utility of such an automatic system to detect the crisis and to provide support to people in contexts similar to what happened recently at the underground in London and Madrid. Preventing and

Dragos Datcu; Leon J. M. Rothkrantz

367

Implications of the East Asian Crisis for Debt Management1  

Microsoft Academic Search

I will argue in this paper that the proximate cause of the contagion that transformed a conventional exchange rate crisis in one country into a regional, or even global, crisis was the debt structure, and particularly the external debt structure, of the other countries that were in turn subjected to speculative assaults. Since this is in many ways the most

John Williamson

368

Mapping a Crisis, One Text Message at a Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interactive mapping project is revolutionizing the way crises are reported and managed, and is spotlighting the value of citizen journalism. The project, called Ushahidi, which means testimony in Swahili, uses crowdsourcing (gathering information from a large number of people) to map crisis information. This crisis mapping tool has since been…

Bauduy, Jennifer

2010-01-01

369

The Financial Crisis and the Geography of Wealth Transfers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the geography of wealth transfers during the 2008 global financial crisis. We construct valuation changes on bilateral external positions in equity, direct investment and portfolio debt at the height of the crisis to map who benefited and who lost on their external exposure. We find a very diverse set of fortunes governed by the structure of countries'

Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas; Hélène Rey; Kai Alexander Truempler

2011-01-01

370

Scale of Viability and Minimal Time of Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we introduce and study the minimal time of a crisis map which measures the minimal time spent outside a given closed domain of constraints by trajectory solutions of a differential inclusion. The interest of such a notion is basically to tackle simultaneously viability and target issues. The main mathematical result characterizes the epigraph of the crisis map

L. Doyen; P. Saint-Pierre

1997-01-01

371

The Financial Crisis and The Geography of Wealth Transfers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the geography of wealth transfers during the 2008 global financial crisis. We construct valuation changes on bilateral external positions in equity, direct investment and portfolio debt at the height of the crisis to map who benefited and who lost on their external exposure. We find a very diverse set of fortunes governed by the structure of countries'

Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas; Helene Rey; Kai Truempler

2011-01-01

372

Environmental Communication: Why This Crisis Discipline Should Facilitate Environmental Democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors concur with Cox's claim that environmental communication (EC), like conservation biology, is a crisis discipline. Cox's proposed tenets for EC challenge the scientific norm of objectivity that has guided science for centuries, suggesting that today's environmental crisis requires us to travel a different path. The authors take Cox's essay as provocation to radically challenge magical notions of scientific

M. Nils Peterson; Markus J. Peterson; Tarla Rai Peterson

2007-01-01

373

Don't Let the Eurozone Crisis Go East  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the sovereign debt crisis continues worsening in the Euro area, European partners are still hesitating in offering some help, considering that Europe must rely primary on its own resources and fix its failed governance. Still, this crisis constitutes a new, major risk for other countries, especially in Asia. Not only is Europe a large market that needs to be

Agnès Bénassy-Quéré; He Fan; Masahiro Kawai; Tae Joon Kim; Yung-Chul Park; Jean Pisani-Ferry; David Vines; Yu Yongding

2012-01-01

374

Crisis of the euro zone and prospects of the euro  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes problems of the eurozone, which are aggravated by the crisis. It proposes architectural transformations\\u000a of the European monetary system targeted at combating the crisis and promoting economic growth and employment in today’s structurally\\u000a inhomogeneous Europe.

J. Sapir

2011-01-01

375

Is There an Identity Crisis in Medical School Pharmacology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rudolf Buchheim's thesis on why and how to teach pharmacology to medical students is reexamined in view of the so-called identity crisis. It is suggested that the crisis is not one of identity but one of acceptance of medical school pharmacology by clinical colleagues and professional educators. (LBH)

Csaky, T. Z.

1976-01-01

376

The Next Great Crisis in American Education: Computer Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an information society, a computer literate populace is as important as energy is to an industrial society. Other nations have begun the task of restructuring their systems to include computers and unless the United States begins soon, the next crisis in American education will be the computer literacy crisis. (Author)

Molnar, Andrew R.

1978-01-01

377

Child and Family Policies in a Time of Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the beginning of 2008, a number of the world's major economies began to experience the effects of the biggest economic financial crisis in history. By the end of that year, the financial crisis was a global recession, and governments responded with changes to a suite of social and economic policies. Two broad stages of government response are…

Richardson, Dominic

2010-01-01

378

Regional effects of the crisis in German engine building industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2008\\/2009, the recent economic crisis affected German engine building industries. The incoming orders dropped dramatically. As some regions especially in western and southern Germany are strongly dependent on such industries, the companies as well as the regions, where the companies are located, were endangered. Yet, some companies could implement strategies to overcome the crisis. Such companies were especially such

Martina Fuchs; Hanno Kempermann

2011-01-01

379

The Current Insurance Crisis and Modern Tort Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an effort to understand the source of the crisis in insurance that has recently disrupted product and service markets in the United States. From press accounts, the crisis seemed to peak in the early months of 1986, when reports became common of extraordinary changes in commercial casualty insurance markets. Insurers had increased premiums drastically for an unusual

George L. Priest

1987-01-01

380

Drug shortages: a complex health care crisis.  

PubMed

National tracking of drug shortages began in 2001. However, a significant increase in the number of shortages began in late 2009, with numbers reaching what many have termed crisis level. The typical drug in short supply is a generic product administered by injection. Common classes of drugs affected by shortages include anesthesia medications, antibiotics, pain medications, nutrition and electrolyte products, and chemotherapy agents. The economic and clinical effects of drug shortages are significant. The financial effect of drug shortages is estimated to be hundreds of millions of dollars annually for health systems across the United States. Clinically, patients have been harmed by the lack of drugs or inferior alternatives, resulting in more than 15 documented deaths. Drug shortages occur for a variety of reasons. Generic injectable drugs are particularly susceptible to drug shortages because there are few manufacturers of these products and all manufacturers are running at full capacity. In addition, some manufacturers have had production problems, resulting in poor quality product. Although many suppliers are working to upgrade facilities and add additional manufacturing lines, these activities take time. A number of stakeholder organizations have been involved in meetings to further determine the causes and effects of drug shortages. A new law was enacted in July 2012 that granted the Food and Drug Administration additional tools to address the drug shortage crisis. The future of drug shortages is unknown, but there are hopeful indications that quality improvements and additional capacity may decrease the number of drug shortages in the years to come. PMID:24582195

Fox, Erin R; Sweet, Burgunda V; Jensen, Valerie

2014-03-01

381

Crisis and Man: Literary Responses Across Cultures  

E-print Network

Myth of Sisyphus exemplifies the situation man finds himself in irrespective of his ethnic and geographical background. Art and cultural forms gave expression to this situation and the intensity of the expression depended upon the political and social dimensions. War or peace, man is always condemned to struggle with his problems, moral or otherwise. Post war English writers focused on the social problems the British society found itself in and its helplessness in dealing with them. It was the era that produced highly individual novelists of the age and William Golding is one among them. Golding’s novels take a pessimistic view of the human race in the face of crisis. Lord of the Flies (1954), is a simple adventure tale that is turned into a moral allegory of political power where surfaces the inherent evil nature of man. An escape from the horrors of war reveals that man cannot run away from it as evil is his basic nature. Existentialism which called for a search for meaning was a predominant theme in French literature of the post war era and Albert Camus is one of its finest exponents. With all his existentialist leanings he refused to be labeled one, preferring instead to advocate the theory of the absurd, best epitomized in L’Etranger (1942)(The Outsider). Camus ’ La Peste (1947) (The Plague) shows the solidarity of a community in the face of a crisis which in the beginning threatens to destroy their spirit.

unknown authors

382

THE GLOBAL FOOD CRISIS AND GUATEMALA: WHAT CRISIS AND FOR WHOM? Alain de Janvry and Elisabeth Sadoulet1  

E-print Network

1 5/13/09 THE GLOBAL FOOD CRISIS AND GUATEMALA: WHAT CRISIS AND FOR WHOM? Alain de Janvry and Elisabeth Sadoulet1 University of California at Berkeley May 2009 Abstract Food prices rose sharply on the international market between January 2005 and mid-2008, precipitating what has become known as the "global food

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

383

Id: identity-crisis-body.tex 1355 2011-01-02 14:00:45Z jhh The Identity Crisis  

E-print Network

Preprint Id: identity-crisis-body.tex 1355 2011-01-02 14:00:45Z jhh The Identity Crisis Security, Privacy and Usability Issues in Identity Management Gergely Alpár · Jaap-Henk Hoepman · Johanneke Siljee January 2, 2011 Abstract This paper studies the current `identity cri- sis' caused by the substantial

Hoepman, Jaap-Henk

384

[Financial crisis and mental health in Greece].  

PubMed

Several studies indicate an association between economic crises and psychological burden. To investigate the possible impact of the current economic crisis on mental health in Greece, the association between two economic indicators (unemployment and average income) and mental health variables (psychiatric clinic admittance, visits to outpatients' departments and emergency units, suicides, homicides, mortality rates and divorces) was studied. The data were gathered by the Greek Statistical Service and some others were provided by the following hospitals: Eginition Hospital, Psychiatric Hospital of Attica, Athens General Hospital and Evaggelismos Hospital. Simple and multiple regression analyses were performed on the data. There was no significant correlation between the level of unemployment, as well as the average income, and admittance to the psychiatric clinics. A significant correlation was isolated between unemployment and visits to outpatients' department (R2 = 0.40, p = 0.001) and emergency unit (R2 = 0.49, p = 0.0002) of Eginition Hospital. The unemployment rate during the period 1981-2008 was positively associated with the number of homicides (R2 = 0.16, beta = 0.000049, p = 0.03), as well as the number of divorces (R2 = 0.20, beta = 0.005, p = 0.02) during the same period. The average income showed positive association with the visits to both outpatients' department (R2 = 0.55, p < 0.001) and emergency unit (R2 = 0,37, p = 0.004) of Eginition Hospital. However, the data from the 4 hospitals of the study revealed a negative correlation between average income and visits to outpatients' departments (R2 = 0.70, p = 0.02) and emergency units (R2 = 0.90, p < 0.001). Furthermore, a significant negative correlation between the average income and suicide rates (R2 = 0.37, p = 0.007), as well as a positive correlation between the average income and divorce rates (R2 = 0.73, p < 0.001) were found. The findings show several similarities with previous surveys in countries with analogous economic crises, such as the Former Eastern Bloc countries, Asian countries and the USA. Future studies, at a more late stage of the economic crisis, are expected to reveal more reliable associations with mental health. Finally, these findings are expected to inform intervention programmes dealing with prevention or mitigation of the impact of economic crisis on citizens' mental health. PMID:21888184

Giotakos, O; Karabelas, D; Kafkas, A

2011-01-01

385

Was the global food crisis really a crisis?: Simulations versus self-reporting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the World Bank concerning the welfare impact of the 2007\\/08 global food crisis conclude that between 75 million and 160 million people were thrown into hunger or poverty. However, these simulation-based approaches suffer from inherent deficiencies as well as insufficient coverage of the largest

Derek Headey

2011-01-01

386

LENR/"Cold Fusion" and Modern Physics: A Crisis Within a Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary theorists in the field of Cold Fusion/LENR have generally assumed that the excess heat phenomena is commensurate with nuclear ash (such as helium), whether already identified or presumed to be present but not yet found, and moreover that it can be explained by hydrided metal lattice structures acting coherently. Though this was an excellent initial hypothesis, the commensurate nuclear ash hypothesis has not been proved, and appears to be approximately correct in only a few experiments. At the same time, compelling evidence has also emerged for other microphysical sources of energy that were unexpected by accepted physics. The exemplars have been the work Dr. Randell Mills and his colleagues at BlackLight Power Corporation and Dr. Paulo and Alexandra Correa in Canada.This has led to a crisis within a crisis: Neither "cold fusion" nor "Modern Physics" will be able to explain the full range of experimental data now available---not even the data within "mainstream" cold fusion/LENR per se--- by insisting that the fundamental paradigms of Modern Physics are without significant flaw. The present crisis is of magnitude comparable to the Copernican Revolution. Neither Modern Physics nor Cold Fusion/LENR will survive in their present forms when this long delayed revolution has run its course.

Mallove, Eugene F. E.

2004-03-01

387

[Trends in environmental risks in the context of the economic crisis. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

This article aims to analyze the impact of the economic and financial crisis on environmental determinants of health. The World Health Organization estimates that between 13% and 27% of the disease burden in countries could be prevented by improving the environment. These effects are larger in vulnerable populations, especially among the poorest. In the last decade, outdoor air pollution (the most significant environmental health risk in most European countries) has declined, mostly due to the European policy of reducing emissions and to the decrease in activity following the economic crisis. During the last few years, this improvement in air quality has occurred simultaneously with a reduction in investment in environmental protection and could therefore be offset in the medium-term. The economic crisis has not reduced the trend for higher temperatures in Spain and Europe because climate change is a global phenomenon that is not directly related to local emissions. To reduce the risk of an increase in the health impact of environmental factors, certain key aspects should be considered, such as the need to maintain or develop adequate monitoring and control systems and the opportunity to implement policies that help improve the quality of the environment and reduce the vulnerability of different population groups in a cross-disciplinary framework of transparency and citizen participation. PMID:24863994

Ballester, Ferran; Llop, Sabrina; Querol, Xavier; Esplugues, Ana

2014-06-01

388

Impact of the 2008 economic and financial crisis on child health: a systematic review.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to provide an overview of studies in which the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on child health was reported. Structured searches of PubMed, and ISI Web of Knowledge, were conducted. Quantitative and qualitative studies reporting health outcomes on children, published since 2007 and related to the 2008 economic crisis were included. Two reviewers independently assessed studies for inclusion. Data were synthesised as a narrative review. Five hundred and six titles and abstracts were reviewed, from which 22 studies were included. The risk of bias for quantitative studies was mixed while qualitative studies showed low risk of bias. An excess of 28,000-50,000 infant deaths in 2009 was estimated in sub-Saharan African countries, and increased infant mortality in Greece was reported. Increased price of foods was related to worsening nutrition habits in disadvantaged families worldwide. An increase in violence against children was reported in the U.S., and inequalities in health-related quality of life appeared in some countries. Most studies suggest that the economic crisis has harmed children's health, and disproportionately affected the most vulnerable groups. There is an urgent need for further studies to monitor the child health effects of the global recession and to inform appropriate public policy responses. PMID:25019121

Rajmil, Luis; Fernandez de Sanmamed, María-José; Choonara, Imti; Faresjö, Tomas; Hjern, Anders; Kozyrskyj, Anita L; Lucas, Patricia J; Raat, Hein; Séguin, Louise; Spencer, Nick; Taylor-Robinson, David

2014-06-01

389

Therapeutic engagement between consumers in suicidal crisis and mental health nurses.  

PubMed

Registered nurses within public mental health services play crucial roles in helping people recover from suicidal crisis. However, there is a lack of understanding of how care is experienced in this context, and available evidence suggests that nurses and consumers are often dissatisfied with the quality of care. There is thus an imperative to generate understanding of needs and experiences of both groups with a view to informing practice development. This article summarizes qualitative findings from a multimethod study undertaken in Australia, which surveyed and interviewed mental health nurses who had recent experience of caring for consumers in suicidal crisis in a hospital setting, and interviewed consumers who had recovered from a recent suicidal crisis. A framework was developed to guide the study and support ethical imperatives; in particular, the promotion of consumer well-being. The findings highlight that therapeutic interpersonal engagement between nurses and consumers was central to quality care. This was particularly noted, as engagement could help reduce consumer isolation, loss of control, distress, and objectification of the delivery of potentially-objectifying common interventions. Of concern, the results indicate a lack of therapeutic engagement from the perspective of both consumers and nurses. Recommendations to promote fuller therapeutic engagement are presented. PMID:24575883

Lees, David; Procter, Nicholas; Fassett, Denise

2014-08-01

390

Kesterson crisis: Sorting out the facts  

SciTech Connect

The Kesterson Reservoir was planned as a regulating facility to control drainage water discharges into the San Joaquin-Scaramento River Delta from the San Luis Drain'' which was to dispose of salt-ladin agricultural water. Anticipated environmental impacts of the Kesterson operations focused almost exclusively on problems related to seepage and water-logging of nearby lands. Reuse of drainage water for wetlands focused on excessive salinity. Drainage water entered the reservoir in 1978. By 1983 elevated levels of selenium were found with selenium poisoning causing deformed embryos of water birds, adult bird mortality and their poor reproductive success. An estimated 9000 kg of selenium was delivered to Kesterson between 1981 to 1986. This paper details the chronology of the Kesterson crisis and environmental remediation. 20 refs., 1 fig. (BJN)

Benson, S.M. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Delamore, M.; Hoffman, S. (Bureau of Reclamation, Sacramento, CA (United States). Mid-Pacific Region)

1990-07-01

391

Understanding communication in counterterrorism crisis management.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the purpose and results of the two-year, Sandia-sponsored Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project entitled Understanding Communication in Counterterrorism Crisis Management The purpose of this project was to facilitate the capture of key communications among team members in simulated training exercises, and to learn how to improve communication in that domain. The first section of this document details the scenario development aspects of the simulation. The second section covers the new communication technologies that were developed and incorporated into the Weapons of Mass Destruction Decision Analysis Center (WMD-DAC) suite of decision support tools. The third section provides an overview of the features of the simulation and highlights its communication aspects. The fourth section describes the Team Communication Study processes and methodologies. The fifth section discusses future directions and areas in which to apply the new technologies and study results obtained as a result of this LDRD.

Djordjevich, Donna D.; Barr, Pamela K.; Arnold, Jason Darrel; Johnson, Michael M.; Sa, Timothy J.; Hawley, Marilyn F.; Davis, Midge L.; Wright, Aliseya; Bernard, Michael Lewis; Wilcox, William B.; Tam, Ricky; Ammerlahn, Heidi R.

2004-10-01

392

Water shortages: the next energy crisis  

SciTech Connect

Water shortages in the late 1980s could rival the energy crisis of the 70s because of world demand for irrigation to feed a growing population. The environmental and energy costs of new systems for water transfer and irrigation will be enormous for each of the major food-producing countries. Competition between urban and agricultural water users and preservationists will be intense. As with the discovery that wasted energy can be a potential resource, society must recycle wasted water to reverse the trend of drawing down ground-water reserves. Current estimates are that the Herculean water projects of the US, Soviet Union, China, and India barely achieve a 50% efficiency. A shift in philosophy from supply to demand management will be helped by higher prices and new irrigation techniques. (DCK)

Stokes, B.

1983-04-01

393

Psychiatry's identity crisis: a critical rational remedy.  

PubMed

Psychiatry has several partial identities reflecting its biologic, psychoanalytic, and social subspecialities. It has, however, no encompassing professional identity. This identity requires three features: (a) a common language and procedure for assessing psychopathology, (b) a common method for evaluation and use of knowledge from outside psychiatry, and (c) a common set of values regarding clinical and research activities. The authors discuss the clinical, biologic, and sociocultural psychiatric traditions to identify the roots and consequences of psychiatry's fragmented state. Psychiatry's identity problems cannot be solved by ignoring them or simply becoming more "medical." Rather, the authors propose a remedy--critical rationality--to help resolve the crisis. Critical rationality requires a discimplined approach to psychiatric knowledge that underscores the necessity of methodologic rigor, practicality, and mid-range theorizing (rationality); and the equal necessity for systematic self-criticism, reform, self-awareness, and attention to the ethical dimensions in teaching, practice, and research (critical). PMID:499787

Manschreck, T C; Kleinman, A M

1979-07-01

394

Science education crisis: Problems, solutions discussed  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public concern about the state of science education in America at the pre-college and college levels is widespread, triggered largely by the perception that we are losing ground in the global economy. Science, and particularly technology, are seen as our most likely sources of recovery. For those who recall the public reaction to the launching of Sputnik by Russia in 1957, the present mood is similar, if somewhat less intense.AGU members are in a unique position to influence debate about the science education crisis. Many of us, either as experts in some subset of physical science issues, as teachers at the college level, or even as parents observing our children's experiences in elementary or secondary school classrooms, may offer insight to this debate.

Wolcott, John

395

Stock network stability in times of crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite many efforts crises on financial markets are in large part still scientific black-boxes. In this paper, we use a winner-take-all approach to construct a longitudinal network of S&P 500 companies and their correlations between 2000 and 2012. A comparison to complex ecosystems is drawn, especially whether the May-Wigner theorem can describe real-world economic phenomena. The results confirm the utility of the May-Wigner theorem as a stability indicator for the US stock market, since its development matches with the two major crises of this period, the dot-com bubble and, particularly, the financial crisis. In those times of financial turmoil, the stock network changes its composition, but unlike ecological systems it tightens and the disassortative structure of prosperous markets transforms into a more centralized topology.

Heiberger, Raphael H.

2014-01-01

396

The African orphan crisis and international adoption.  

PubMed

The plight of Africa's AIDS orphans has reached crisis proportions, and the international community is beginning to mobilize at the family, community, national, and international levels. Despite these encouraging efforts, the response is inadequate, and increased attention and action are needed. The authors suggest that international adoption, although a small and temporary solution, may fit within the framework being used as a global working model. Issues surrounding adoption, such as racism, racial and cultural identity development, waiting children in the U.S. public child welfare system, and the potential legal risks, are delineated. The African perspective toward adoption is presented, although the response varies and is not collectively defined. The authors conclude that although international adoptions should be used as a last-resort solution, and with tight regulations, the potential benefits to some children merit the opening of a dialogue on the topic. PMID:17076118

Roby, Jini L; Shaw, Stacey A

2006-07-01

397

Occupy the Financial Niche: Saturation and Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The model presented is one theoretical approach within a broader research program that could verify the nonlinear conjectures made, such that to quantify and predict potential discontinuous behaviour. In this case, the crisis behaviour associated with financial funds reallocation among various credit instruments, described as memes with the sense of Dawkins, is shown to be of discontinuous nature stemming from a logistic penetration in the behaviour niche. Actually the logistic penetration is typical in creating cyclic behaviour of economic structures as shown by Marchetti and others from IIASA. A Fokker-Planck equation description results in a stationary solution having a bifurcation like solution with evolution trajectories on a `cusp' type catastrophe that may describe discontinuous decision behaviour.

Purica, Ionut

398

A simple solution of the proton crisis  

E-print Network

In this work we suggest a simple theoretical model of the proton able to effectively solve proton spin crisis. Within domain of applicability of this simple model proton consists only of two u quarks and one d quarks (two of which have spin opposite to proton and one identical to proton) and one neutral vector phi meson (with spin two times larger than proton spin and directed identically to proton spin). This model is in full agreement not only with existing DIS experiments, but also with spin and electric charge conservation as well as in a satisfactory agreement with rest mass-energy conservation (since phi meson mass is close to proton rest mass). Our model opens an interesting possibility of the solution of the quarks and leptons families problem (proton is not an absolutely non-strange particle, but only a particle with almost totally effectively hidden strange).

Pankovic, Vladan

2014-01-01

399

Emergency control in blanket viability crisis  

SciTech Connect

The viability crisis in a power system is defined, and three consecutive tasks are identified for the viabilizing control. A newly formulated criterion is proposed, and a complete set of approaches for viabilization is presented in both Tasks II and III, an implementable least-disruptive solution is obtained, which ensures that the transient state of the system is in the safe region. A reduced model is introduced which retains the identity in full detail of individual tie lines and of the boundary buses where tie lines connect to the areas but which compresses the details of the areas themselves. The model is useful in blanket emergencies where it facilitates the prediction of the future course of frequency and tie-line loads during the emergency. A load flow program using concentric relaxation and the reduced model is also introduced for fast evaluation of the system state.

Huang, P.

1984-01-01

400

A simple solution of the proton crisis  

E-print Network

In this work we suggest a simple theoretical model of the proton able to effectively solve proton spin crisis. Within domain of applicability of this simple model proton consists only of two u quarks and one d quarks (two of which have spin opposite to proton and one identical to proton) and one neutral vector phi meson (with spin two times larger than proton spin and directed identically to proton spin). This model is in full agreement not only with existing DIS experiments, but also with spin and electric charge conservation as well as in a satisfactory agreement with rest mass-energy conservation (since phi meson mass is close to proton rest mass). Our model opens an interesting possibility of the solution of the quarks and leptons families problem (proton is not an absolutely non-strange particle, but only a particle with almost totally effectively hidden strange).

Vladan Pankovic

2013-12-24

401

China's Looming Crisis-Inflation Returns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Inflation is serious business for any nation's economy, and in the case of China, it is a growing area of concern for policymakers, economists, and other such types. This very topic is the subject of a recent policy brief written by Albert Keidel on behalf of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Published in September 2007, this eight-page policy brief takes a critical look at the potential for an inflation crisis in China. After a brief narrative introduction, Keidel proceeds to offer a number of thoughtful recommendations. These recommendations include suggestions that the Chinese government should raise key deposit rates and enable farm diversification by increasing wheat and rice imports. The paper also notes, "The next fifteen months will be especially crucial for China. Foreign criticism has already been severe, thanks to imbroglios over food and toy safety, dollar-holding scares, and Olympics-related activism."

2007-01-01

402

National Association of School Psychologists: Crisis Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Helping young people deal with crises can be a difficult task, and is something that should not be taken lightly. The National Association of School Psychologists has brought together a set of valuable resources on this site for professionals who work with children. The resources are divided into eight different sections, and they include links to other online resources, and those that deal with specific subjects, such as suicide, trauma, and natural disasters. The natural disaster section includes fact sheets on how to help children after a wildfire and in the aftermath of a tsunami. Moving on, the suicide section contains like-minded materials on how to address teen suicide and preventive measures. The site is rounded out with a selection of crisis resources in Spanish.

403

The Fiscal Crisis of the State: A Case Study of Education in Detroit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this case study, the effect of the Detroit fiscal crisis on the city's public school system is analyzed in terms of the history of the fiscal crisis, the reasons for the crisis, and State, teacher, public and city reaction to the situation. The changing demography of Detroit and the events leading up to the financial crisis are described. Such…

Hill, Richard Child

404

Fight, Flight or Freeze: Assumed Reactions of the Public During a Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on how professionals at municipal level responsible for crisis communication (N=152) in Sweden judge the probability of 10 different responses occurring among the public, among people within their own emergency organization and themselves in case of a crisis. The direct physical effects of the crisis were kept identical throughout the study, but the cause of the crisis

Misse Wester

2011-01-01

405

University of Essex Crisis Management Plan 010312 March 2012 2 1. DEFINITION AND PROCEDURES ........................................................................................5  

E-print Network

Crisis Management Plan March 2012 #12;University of Essex Crisis Management Plan 010312 March 2012.......................................................................................16 #12;University of Essex Crisis Management Plan 010312 March 2012 3 3.1 Standing Down....................................................................................................................................30 #12;University of Essex Crisis Management Plan 010312 March 2012 4 INTRODUCTION The University

Lucas, Simon M.

406

Crisis Transmission: Evidence from the Debt, Tequila, and Asian Flu Crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes how external crises spread across countries. We analyze the behavior of four alternative crisis indicators in a sample of 20 countries during three well-known crises: the 1982 debt crisis, the Mexican 1994 crisis, and the 1997 Asian crisis. The objective is threefold: (i) to revisit the transmission channels of crises; (ii) to evaluate whether contagion has been

J. De Gregorio; Rodrigo O. Valdés

2001-01-01

407

Crisis management: an extended reference framework for decision makers.  

PubMed

The paper discusses a reference framework for capabilities supporting effective crisis management. This framework has been developed by joining experiences in the field and knowledge of organisational models for crisis management, and executives' empowerment, coaching and behavioural analysis. The paper is aimed at offering further insight to executives on critical success factors and means for managing crisis situations by extending the scope of analysis to human behaviour, to emotions and fears and their correlation with decision making. It is further intended to help familiarise them and to facilitate approaching a path towards emotional awareness. PMID:23835427

Carone, Alessandro; Iorio, Luigi Di

2013-01-01

408

Crisis as opportunity: international health work during the economic depression.  

PubMed

The economic depression of the 1930s represented the most important economic and social crisis of its time. Surprisingly, its effect on health did not show in available morbidity and mortality rates. In 1932, the League of Nations Health Organisation embarked on a six-point program addressing statistical methods of measuring the effect and its influence on mental health and nutrition and establishing ways to safeguard public health through more efficient health systems. Some of these studies resulted in considerations of general relevance beyond crisis management. Unexpectedly, the crisis offered an opportunity to reconsider key concepts of individual and public health. PMID:19230333

Borowy, Iris

2008-01-01

409

Challenges of the management of mass casualty: lessons learned from the Jos crisis of 2001  

PubMed Central

Background Jos has witnessed a series of civil crises which have generated mass casualties that the Jos University Teaching Hospital has had to respond to from time to time. We review the challenges that we encountered in the management of the victims of the 2001 crisis. Methodology We reviewed the findings of our debriefing sessions following the sectarian crisis of September 2001 and identified the challenges and obstacles experienced during these periods. Results Communication was a major challenge, both within and outside the hospital. In the field, there was poor field triage and no prehospital care. Transportation and evacuation was hazardous, for both injured patients and medical personnel. This was worsened by the imposition of a curfew on the city and its environs. In the hospital, supplies such as fluids, emergency drugs, sterile dressings and instruments, splints, and other consumables, blood and food were soon exhausted. Record keeping was erratic. Staff began to show signs of physical and mental exhaustion as well as features of anxiety and stress. Tensions rose between different religious groups in the hospital and an attempt was made by rioters to attack the hospital. Patients suffered poor subsequent care following resuscitation and/or surgery and there was neglect of patients on admission prior to the crisis as well as non trauma medical emergencies. Conclusion Mass casualties from disasters that disrupt organized societal mechanisms for days can pose significant challenges to the best of institutional disaster response plans. In the situation that we experienced, our disaster plan was impractical initially because it failed to factor in such a prolongation of both crisis and response. We recommend that institutional disaster response plans should incorporate provisions for the challenges we have enumerated and factor in peculiarities that would emanate from the need for a prolonged response. PMID:24164778

2013-01-01

410

Impact of 2008 global economic crisis on suicide: time trend study in 54 countries  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the impact of the 2008 global economic crisis on international trends in suicide and to identify sex/age groups and countries most affected. Design Time trend analysis comparing the actual number of suicides in 2009 with the number that would be expected based on trends before the crisis (2000-07). Setting Suicide data from 54 countries; for 53 data were available in the World Health Organization mortality database and for one (the United States) data came the CDC online database. Population People aged 15 or above. Main outcome measures Suicide rate and number of excess suicides in 2009. Results There were an estimated 4884 (95% confidence interval 3907 to 5860) excess suicides in 2009 compared with the number expected based on previous trends (2000-07). The increases in suicide mainly occurred in men in the 27 European and 18 American countries; the suicide rates were 4.2% (3.4% to 5.1%) and 6.4% (5.4% to 7.5%) higher, respectively, in 2009 than expected if earlier trends had continued. For women, there was no change in European countries and the increase in the Americas was smaller than in men (2.3%). Rises in European men were highest in those aged 15-24 (11.7%), while in American countries men aged 45-64 showed the largest increase (5.2%). Rises in national suicide rates in men seemed to be associated with the magnitude of increases in unemployment, particularly in countries with low levels of unemployment before the crisis (Spearman’s rs=0.48). Conclusions After the 2008 economic crisis, rates of suicide increased in the European and American countries studied, particularly in men and in countries with higher levels of job loss. PMID:24046155

2013-01-01

411

Exploiting social media for Army operations: Syrian crisis use case  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Millions of people exchange user-generated information through online social media (SM) services. The prevalence of SM use globally and its growing significance to the evolution of events has attracted the attention of the Army and other agencies charged with protecting national security interests. The information exchanged in SM sites and the networks of people who interact with these online communities can provide value to Army intelligence efforts. SM could facilitate the Military Decision Making Process by providing ongoing assessment of military actions from a local citizen perspective. Despite potential value, there are significant technological barriers to leveraging SM. SM collection and analysis are difficult in the dynamic SM environment and deception is a real concern. This paper introduces a credibility analysis approach and prototype fact-finding technology called the "Apollo Fact-finder" that mitigates the problem of inaccurate or falsified SM data. Apollo groups data into sets (or claims), corroborating specific observations, then iteratively assesses both claim and source credibility resulting in a ranking of claims by likelihood of occurrence. These credibility analysis approaches are discussed in the context of a conflict event, the Syrian civil war, and applied to tweets collected in the aftermath of the Syrian chemical weapons crisis.

Kase, Sue E.; Bowman, Elizabeth K.; Al Amin, Tanvir; Abdelzaher, Tarek

2014-05-01

412

Threats to biodiversity -what's driving the crisis? Part 1  

E-print Network

1 Threats to biodiversity - what's driving the crisis? Part 1 Habitat Alteration A. Destruction B practices and runoff of pollutants, sediments and nutrients; coral bleaching, associated with increasing Biological consequences of fragmentation Initial exclusion Crowding effect Insularization and area effects

Dever, Jennifer A.

413

PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE What is a psychological crisis?  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE ABUSE What is a psychological crisis? This occurs when an individual CRIMINAL OR VIOLENT BEHAVIOR SECTION #12;3 SUBSTANCE ABUSE What do I need to know about substance abuse

Fernandez, Eduardo

414

Responding to the global economic crisis: inclusive social work practice.  

PubMed

The present global economic crisis raises new concerns for social workers. One of its most visible results is the further socioeconomic decline and marginalization of excluded populations. This article suggests that the current circumstances require a much more engaged, egalitarian, and reflexive practice-a practice, based on social rights, that matches the magnitude of the crisis and its negative impact on traditional social work constituencies. Consequently, the article suggests the concept of inclusive social work practice (ISWP), a conceptual framework whose main principles respond to four processes of social exclusion closely related to the present global crisis: extreme social isolation, growing dependency, multiple deprivation, and internalized oppression. The author describes the impact of the global crisis on patterns of social exclusion and presents the methodological foundations of the ISWP framework. PMID:24450021

Strier, Ron

2013-10-01

415

Community Mental Health Crisis Services for Children and Adolescents  

E-print Network

A review of national, and some international, literature was conducted to determine the state-of-the-art knowledge about best practices in crisis services for children and adolescents. Specific attention was given to community-based approaches...

Walter, Uta M.; Park, Stacey; Petr, Chris

2004-12-01

416

Real-time Topic Models for Crisis Counseling Karthik Dinakar  

E-print Network

to be minimal at best [5]. De- spite the existence of suicide hotlines, there is evidence that individuals counselors on a new 911-like, text-based adolescent crisis counseling platform called Cri- sis Text Line

Lieberman, Henry

417

Crisis in the Acquisition Workforce: Some Simple Solutions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military acquisition system is facing a crisis of significant proportions with the imminent loss, through retirement and attrition, of a substantial portion of its experienced workforce. This workforce is responsible for the development, production, a...

J. H. Gill

2001-01-01

418

Telomere Crisis, the Driving Force in Cancer Cell Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cancer cells show characteristic telomere dynamics. Their chromosomes usually have short telomeres and a high telomerase activity. The “telomere crisis model” proposed here suggests that these unique telomeric features are responsible for the progression of cancer.

Fuyuki Ishikawa

1997-01-01

419

Covariation-based Approach to Crisis ResponsibilityAssessment.  

E-print Network

?? In line with Schwarz’s (2008) suggestion of extending Situational CrisisCommunication Theory (SCCT) with Kelley’s covariation principle, the presentresearch aims to further examine the applicability… (more)

Changhua, He

2013-01-01

420

Open Defecation and the Human Waste Crisis in India  

E-print Network

This thesis analyzes the human waste crisis in India. The lack of sanitation facilities as well as open defecation seriously impacts India's ability to achieve its sanitation goals by 2015. More importantly, if the World Health Organization...

Mozaffar, Parveen

2014-05-31

421

Network Topologies of Financial Market During the Global Financial Crisis  

E-print Network

We consider the effects of the global financial crisis through a local Korean financial market around the 2008 crisis. We analyze 185 individual stock prices belonging to the KOSPI (Korea Composite Stock Price Index), cosidering three time periods: the time before, during, and after the crisis. The complex networks generate from the fully connected correlation network by using the cross-correlation coefficients among the stock price time series of the companies. We generate the threshold networks (TN), the minimal spanning tees (MST), and the hierarchical network (HN) from the fully connected cross-correlation networks. By assigning a threshold value of the cross-correlation coefficient, we obtain the threshold networks. We observe the power law of the degree distribution in the limited range of the threshold. The degree distribution of the largest cluster in the threshold networks during the crisis is fatter than other periods. The clustering coefficient of the threshold networks follows the power law in the...

Nobi, Ashadun; Ha, Gyeong Gyun; Lee, Jae Woo

2013-01-01

422

The Global Financial Crisis, Developing Countries and India  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE GLOBAL CONTEXT It is now evident that this is an unprecedented phase in the history of global capitalism. The still- unfolding financial crisis has already moved well beyond the predictions of more pessimistic observers. Several potential \\

Jayati Ghosh

423

The Girl-Crisis Movement: Evaluating the Foundation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychologists played a major role behind the widely publicized and popular idea of a crisis among girls. In this paper, several topics basic to the girl-crisis movement are examined. Suggested by the works of psychologists Carol Gilligan and Mary Pipher, the topics are voice, self-esteem, and psychology’s role in harming girls. Expected sex differences in voice and self-esteem were not

Michael Farady

2010-01-01

424

The catathymic crisis: An explanation of the serial killer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various explanations have been proposed to explain the motivation of serial killers. This article proposes that the theory\\u000a of the Catathymic Crisis is an explanation that adds light to the “serial” nature of serial murder as well as an explanation\\u000a of why and how a person can become a serial killer. The theory of Catathymic Crisis was presented in 1937

Arthur H. Garrison; Senior Criminal Justice Planner

1996-01-01

425

Spiritual care in a crisis: what is enough?  

PubMed

Nurses encounter crisis regularly. What are appropriate spiritual interventions? Christians are encouraged to use every opportunity to be a witness for Christ. Should nurses share their faith in times of crisis? The experience of a nurse caring for a mother after perinatal loss is explored by a philosopher, mental health clinical nurse specialist, and the nurse, who wonders if she should have done things differently. PMID:25004727

Fraley, Hannah; Theissen, Elmer J; Jiwanlal, Shiloh

2014-01-01

426

John McCone and the Cuban Missile Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

My thesis focused on John McCone and his role during the Cuban Missile Crisis. On this subject, I will examine John McCone's efforts from May to September 1962 to understand the Soviet buildup in Cuba, pushing President John F. Kennedy for more reconnaissance of the island to aid this effort. During the crisis in October 1962, McCone was one of

Christopher M. Heist

2010-01-01

427

The Asian Financial Crisis and Investors’ Risk Aversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates whether changes in U.S. and Japanese banks’ risk aversion, measured by changes in the relative risk\\u000a aversion (RRA) coefficient, are associated with the 1997 Asian financial crisis. It finds that an increase in U.S. banks’\\u000a risk aversion is unambiguously associated with the Asian crisis, while an increase in Japanese banks’ risk aversion is only\\u000a weakly associated. The

Yasuo Nishiyama

2006-01-01

428

Spontaneous subdural haemorrhage in a patient with scleroderma renal crisis.  

PubMed

A 52-year-old woman with a history of systemic sclerosis presented with new onset seizures and renal failure. The patient's history, laboratory data and pathology supported the diagnosis of scleroderma renal crisis. The patient was also noted to have a subdural haemorrhage (SDH) in the absence of trauma. This is the first report of scleroderma renal crisis associated with a spontaneous SDH. PMID:25193814

Bhangoo, Munveer Singh; Hein, Paul; Nicholson, Laura; Carter, Caitlin

2014-01-01

429

Rape crisis: development of a center in an Israeli hospital.  

PubMed

The Social Work Department at B'nai Zion Medical Center in Haifa, Israel worked with health care professionals within the hospital and in community organizations to establish a rape crisis center in the emergency room. The department developed procedures, guidelines, and protocols for the center; developed and conducted training seminars for hospital and community organization staff; and created a plan for crisis intervention. PMID:8256177

Edlis, N

1993-01-01

430

Condemned to rootlessness: The loyalist origins of Canada's identity crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few observers have sought to explain why French Canadians, Metis and even Anglo?Americans developed a sense of indigenous ethnicity while English?Canadians failed to do the same. Fewer still have sought to connect this to the national ‘identity crisis’ often mentioned in the discourse of English?speaking Canada. This article asserts that English Canada's perception of a ‘Canadian’ identity crisis is really

Eric Kaufmann

1997-01-01

431

Groups32  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A group theory calculator. Groups32 computes information about groups of orders 1-32; has a permutation group package; and provides a search for groups with given generators and relations. Site includes documentation as well as course handouts in PDF format.

2007-11-08

432

TRIDEC Natural Crisis Management Demonstrator for Tsunamis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The management of natural crises is an important application field of the technology developed in the project Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crises (TRIDEC), co-funded by the European Commission in its Seventh Framework Programme. TRIDEC is based on the development of the German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) and the Distant Early Warning System (DEWS) providing a service platform for both sensor integration and warning dissemination. In TRIDEC new developments in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are used to extend the existing platform realising a component-based technology framework for building distributed tsunami warning systems for deployment, e.g. in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas (NEAM) region. The Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI), representing the Tsunami National Contact (TNC) and Tsunami Warning Focal Point (TWFP) for Turkey, is one of the key partners in TRIDEC. KOERI is responsible for the operation of a National Tsunami Warning Centre (NTWC) for Turkey and establishes Candidate Tsunami Watch Provider (CTWP) responsibilities for the NEAM region. Based on this profound experience, KOERI is contributing valuable requirements to the overall TRIDEC system and is responsible for the definition and development of feasible tsunami-related scenarios. However, KOERI's most important input focuses on testing and evaluating the TRIDEC system according to specified evaluation and validation criteria. The TRIDEC system will be implemented in three phases, each with a demonstrator. Successively, the demonstrators are addressing challenges, such as the design and implementation of a robust and scalable service infrastructure supporting the integration and utilisation of existing resources with accelerated generation of large volumes of data. These include sensor systems, geo-information repositories, simulation tools and data fusion tools. In addition to conventional sensors also unconventional sensors and sensor networks play an important role in TRIDEC. The first system demonstrator, deployed at KOERI's crisis management room, has been designed and implemented to support plausible scenarios for the Turkish NTWC and to demonstrate the treatment of simulated tsunami threats with an essential subset of a NTWC. The feasibility and the potentials of the implemented approach are demonstrated covering standard operations as well as tsunami detection and alerting functions. The demonstrator presented addresses information management and decision-support processes in a hypothetical natural crisis situation caused by a tsunami in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Hammitzsch, M.; Necmioglu, O.; Reißland, S.; Lendholt, M.; Comoglu, M.; Ozel, N. M.; Wächter, J.

2012-04-01

433

Effect of pregnancy during TMI crisis on mothers' mental health and their child's development  

SciTech Connect

Five years after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the mental health of women who had been pregnant and living within 10 miles of Three Mile Island at the time of the accident was similar to that of women from the same area who became pregnant after the accident. Ratings of the development of the two groups of children when they were 5 years old were also similar. However, women who were pregnant during the crisis and had been extremely disturbed about their pregnancies rated their children's health as poorer than did the women who were pregnant later.

Houts, P.S.; Tokuhata, G.K.; Bratz, J.; Bartholomew, M.J.; Sheffer, K.W. (Pennsylvania State Univ. College of Medicine, Hershey (USA))

1991-03-01

434

A dialogic model for analyzing crisis communication: an alternative approach to understanding the roman catholic clergy sex abuse crisis  

E-print Network

In the winter of 2002, The Boston Globe published an exposé on clergy sexual abuse in the Boston Archdiocese which quickly sparked a global Church crisis. Following the exposé, there was a swell of media attention, a growing public outcry...

Boys, Suzanne Elizabeth

2009-05-15

435

Crisis Management Planning: A Case Study of Man-Made and Natural Crisis Events in Higher Education  

E-print Network

................................................................... 129 Findings Related to the Research Questions .................................... 130 Research Question 1 ................................................................. 130 Research Question 2... Page 1 The Preparedness Cycle ............................................................................. 40 2 Emergent Themes from the Data Regarding Crisis Management in Higher Education...

Booker, Lonnie J.

2012-02-14

436

Emergency room coverage: an evolving crisis.  

PubMed

Historically, a newly graduated plastic surgeon in the United States could build a practice from his or her emergency room coverage. The historical cliche was for the surgeon to be affable, able, and available, and from that basis one's practice would grow. Emergency room exposure was an avenue for starting a practice, developing recognition, and, after that, building a referral pattern. Recently, the cross-shifting influence of management care, rising malpractice insurance costs, and risk ratio are changing this cliche to a crisis. An evaluation of a 2 1/2-year exposure to emergency room coverage has revealed a completely different profile. A total of 300 patient visits resulting in 69 surgical operations were evaluated for insurance and remuneration history. The findings indicated a significant remuneration dilemma for emergency room coverage. Interestingly, a remuneration problem exists in a market different from what one would expect. In this study, a sample from a suburban hospital, rather than an inner-city university hospital, is the greater problem. PMID:15277813

Davison, Steven P

2004-08-01

437

Childhood Obesity: A Global Public Health Crisis  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Childhood obesity is a major public health crisis nationally and internationally. The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased over few years. It is caused by imbalance between calorie intake and calories utilized. One or more factors (genetic, behavioral, and environmental) cause obesity in children. Physical, psychological, and social health problems are caused due to childhood obesity. Hence, effective intervention strategies are being used to prevent and control obesity in children. The purpose of this manuscript is to address various factors influencing childhood obesity, a variety of interventions and governmental actions addressing obesity and the challenges ahead for managing this epidemic. Methods: In order to collect materials for this review a detailed search of CINAHL, MEDLINE, ERIC, Academic Search Premier databases was carried out for the time period 1999-2011. Results: Some of the interventions used were family based, school based, community based, play based, and hospital based. The effective school-based interventions were seen targeting physical activity along with healthy diet education. The major challenges faced by these intervention programs are financial, along with stigmatization of obese children. Governments along with other health care organizations are taking effective actions like policy changing and environmentally safe interventions for children to improve physical activity. Conclusions: In conclusion, childhood obesity can be tackled at the population level by education, prevention and sustainable interventions related to healthy nutrition practices and physical activity promotion. PMID:22506094

Karnik, Sameera; Kanekar, Amar

2012-01-01

438

Racial Segregation and the American Foreclosure Crisis  

PubMed Central

Although the rise in subprime lending and the ensuing wave of foreclosures was partly a result of market forces that have been well-identified in the literature, in the United States it was also a highly racialized process. We argue that residential segregation created a unique niche of poor minority clients who were differentially marketed risky subprime loans that were in great demand for use in mortgage-backed securities that could be sold on secondary markets. We test this argument by regressing foreclosure actions in the top 100 U.S. metropolitan areas on measures of black, Hispanic, and Asian segregation while controlling for a variety of housing market conditions, including average creditworthiness, the extent of coverage under the Community Reinvestment Act, the degree of zoning regulation, and the overall rate of subprime lending. We find that black residential dissimilarity and spatial isolation are powerful predictors of foreclosures across U.S. metropolitan areas. In order to isolate subprime lending as the causal mechanism whereby segregation influences foreclosures, we estimate a two-stage least squares model that confirms the causal effect of black segregation on the number and rate of foreclosures across metropolitan areas. In the United States segregation was an important contributing cause of the foreclosure crisis, along with overbuilding, risky lending practices, lax regulation, and the bursting of the housing price bubble.

Rugh, Jacob S.; Massey, Douglas S.

2013-01-01

439

Aquaculture and food crisis: opportunities and constraints.  

PubMed

Fish farming, now well known as aquaculture, has been well recognized since the ancient era. The first written document on fish culture was published in China in 475 BC, and the first koi pond was constructed at the Japanese Imperial Palace grounds during 71-130 AD. In recent years, aquaculture has progressively played an important role in the provision of: animal protein and gourmet cuisines, job opportunities, and foreign currency for developing countries. Asian countries produce around 91 percent of the world's total aquaculture production. Among the top ten aquaculture-producing countries, nine are from Asia. The current global population consist of more than 6.5 billion individuals; over one billion of which face hunger problem. In the highly populated Asia-Pacific region with moderately high-productivity, 642 million people are still facing hunger. Being a proficient and potential source of animal protein, aquaculture will play an increasing and important role in solving the world food problem in the future. This paper discusses both the opportunities and constraints in the aquaculture industry, specifically in the Asia-Pacific region, and its possible role in solving the current global food crisis. Strategies including promotion and adoption of traceability and HACCP systems for food safety, and marketing management for aquaculture products are also suggested. It is hoped that traditional administration of aquaculture management for survival, profit, as well as food safety will successfully match sustainability management to meet the urgent global need for food. PMID:19965349

Liao, I Chiu; Chao, Nai-Hsien

2009-01-01

440

The x-ray cluster baryon crisis  

E-print Network

Nucleosynthesis in the standard hot big bang cosmology offers a successful account of the production of the light nuclides during the early evolution of the Universe. Consistency among the predicted and observed abundances of D, ^3He, \\hel4 and \\li7 leads to restrictive lower and upper bounds to the present density of nucleons. In particular, the upper bound ensures that nucleons cannot account for more than a small fraction (<0.06 h{^{-2} _{50}}) of the mass in a critical density (Einstein-de Sitter) Universe. In contrast, x-ray observations of rich clusters of galaxies suggest strongly that baryons (in hot gas) contribute a significant fraction of the total cluster mass (\\ge 0.2 h{^{-3/2} _{50}}). If, indeed, clusters do provide a ``fair" sample of the mass in the Universe, this ``crisis" forces us to consider other ways of mitigating it, including the politically incorrect possibility that \\Omega < 1. The options, including magnetic or turbulent pressure, clumping, and non-zero space curvature and/or...

Steigman, G; Steigman, Gary; Felten, James E

1995-01-01

441

The X-Ray Cluster Baryon Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nucleosynthesis in the standard hot big bang cosmology offers a successful account of the production of the light nuclides during the early evolution of the Universe. Consistency among the predicted and observed abundances of D,3He,4He and7Li leads to restrictive lower and upper bounds to the present density of nucleons. In particular, the upper bound ensures that nucleons cannot account for more than a small fraction (<0.06h {50/-2}) of the mass in a critical density (Einstein-de Sitter) Universe. In contrast, x-ray observations of rich clusters of galaxies suggest strongly that baryons (in hot gas) contribute a significant fraction of the total cluster mass (?0.2h {50/-3/2}). If, indeed, clusters do provide a “fair” sample of the mass in the Universe, this “crisis” forces us to consider other ways of mitigating it, including the politically incorrect possibility that ?<1. The options, including magnetic or turbulent pressure, clumping and non-zero space curvature and/or cosmological constant, are discussed.

Steigman, Gary; Felten, James E.

1995-11-01

442

THE X-RAY CLUSTER BARYON CRISIS  

E-print Network

Nucleosynthesis in the standard hot big bang cosmology offers a successful account of the production of the light nuclides during the early evolution of the Universe. Consistency among the predicted and observed abundances of D, $^3$He, \\hel4 and \\li7 leads to restrictive lower and upper bounds to the present density of nucleons. In particular, the upper bound ensures that nucleons cannot account for more than a small fraction $(<0.06 h{^{-2} _{50}})$ of the mass in a critical density (Einstein-de Sitter) Universe. In contrast, x-ray observations of rich clusters of galaxies suggest strongly that baryons (in hot gas) contribute a significant fraction of the total cluster mass $(\\ge 0.2 h{^{-3/2} _{50}})$. If, indeed, clusters do provide a ``fair" sample of the mass in the Universe, this ``crisis" forces us to consider other ways of mitigating it, including the politically incorrect possibility that $\\Omega < 1$. The options, including magnetic or turbulent pressure, clumping, and non-zero space curvature and/or cosmological constant, are discussed.

Gary Steigman; James. E. Felten

1995-02-06

443

Grouping Dinosaurs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this classroom activity, young students are introduced to sets and subsets. The activity opens with background information for teachers about cladistics. After brainstorming different ways to group the class itself, students work in small groups to identify subsets of coins. The groups then complete a worksheet that challenges them to group dinosaurs into sets and subsets and share their results with the class.

444

Perceptions of Teachers and Staff regarding the Impact of the Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Model for School-Based Crisis Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Model for crisis intervention was developed for use with emergency service personnel. Research regarding the use of the CISM Model has been conducted among civilians and high-risk occupation groups with mixed results. The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the CISM Model for…

Morrison, Julie Q.

2007-01-01

445

Civil protection preparedness and response to the 2007 eruptive crisis of Stromboli volcano, Italy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stromboli, one of the very few tourist volcanic islands in the world in permanent state of activity, has been the site of two important volcanic crises coupled with slope failure episodes in 2002-2003 and 2007. Due to the lucky circumstance that both crises have occurred in winter, the actual consequences on people were moderate. Nevertheless, the first crisis caused a few injuries, threatened the local population and caused relevant economic losses. The emotional impact on public opinion of the 30th December 2002 tsunami acted, in particular, as a trigger for civil protection initiatives aimed at structurally improving the standard volcano safety and preparedness measures to effectively deal with future crises. The main initiatives carried out during the 2003 crisis consisted in the setting up of: 1) new geophysical and geochemical volcano surveillance networks and 2) a local, permanent scientific/civil protection structure (COA, Centro Operativo Avanzato), where signals from volcano monitoring are visualized in real time and eventually used by the personnel of the Department of Civil Protection (DPC) for immediate activation of response procedures. This was followed by the setting up, in 2005, at the (DPC) in Rome, of a centre named "Centro Funzionale Centrale Rischio Vulcanico" (CFCRV), where the most relevant monitoring signals of Italian active volcanoes are visualized in real time and where activities of simple elaboration, for hazard assessment purpose are daily carried out and data sharing within the scientific community is coordinated by civil protection personnel with training in volcanic problems. The response effectiveness of the new system was tested on February-March 2007 when a new volcanic crisis occurred. An internal DPC "state of attention" was declared by the CF 15 days before the eruption onset when seismic and deformation parameters showed an abrupt increase up to values much higher than background. On February 27th the sudden onset of explosive activity outside the main craters and the occurrence of a small landslide down slope of the active craters were detected in real time on the screens of the CFCRV and by monitoring centres of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) and University of Florence (UNIFI). This enabled the DPC to immediately activate emergency crisis procedures and start a coordinated management of the crisis between civil protection personnel in Rome and COA. As accelerating slope movements were detected by ground deformation monitoring of UNIFI, a tsunami warning was launched shortly afterward. Warnings were also declared on 8th March and 15th March when slope movements resumed and a large explosion at the central craters occurred, respectively. From the end of February to May 2007 a scientific committee named "Scientific Synthesis Group" (SSG), appointed by the DPC, made daily evaluations of impending hazards in cooperation with CFCRV. During the crisis the DPC coordinated information activities with the media and island residents. The successful managing of the crisis consisted in minimizing risk for people and meanwhile facilitating normal activities and regular access to island.

Bertolaso, G.; De Bernardinis, B.; Bosi, V.; Cardaci, C.; Ciolli, S.; Colozza, R.; Cristiani, C.; Mangione, D.; Ricciardi, A.; Rosi, M.; Scalzo, A.; Soddu, P.

2009-05-01

446

The Group of Twenty : Input and Output Legitimacy, Reforms, and Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Group of Twenty (G-20) deserves credit for opening up of the “top table†of global governance to a wider representation of countries on a geographic basis in general and Asia in particular. As both a crisis committee in terms of the reverberations from the 2008 financial crisis and a potential global steering committee for a wider set of economic\\/developmental

Andrew F. Cooper

2012-01-01

447

School-Based Support Groups for Traumatized Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After students experience a traumatic event, group counseling is an effective tool to offset the effects of grief and distress. Following a school crisis, successful school-based intervention requires interdisciplinary coordination between school psychologists, counselors, school social workers, teachers, and administrative staff. Within a short…

Openshaw, Linda Leek

2011-01-01

448

SUSS-EX CLUB STEERING GROUP MEETING 11  

E-print Network

SUSS-EX CLUB STEERING GROUP MEETING 11 AGENDA FRIDAY 30TH JANUARY 2009 AT 5.00PM DEVELOPMENT between us the task of cooking everything that needed it the night before; result, no last-minute crisis food and drink. Paying for room hire at the Meeting House is charged initially to the Suss-ex Club

Sussex, University of

449

Group X  

SciTech Connect

This project is currently under contract for research through the Department of Homeland Security until 2011. The group I was responsible for studying has to remain confidential so as not to affect the current project. All dates, reference links and authors, and other distinguishing characteristics of the original group have been removed from this report. All references to the name of this group or the individual splinter groups has been changed to 'Group X'. I have been collecting texts from a variety of sources intended for the use of recruiting and radicalizing members for Group X splinter groups for the purpose of researching the motivation and intent of leaders of those groups and their influence over the likelihood of group radicalization. This work included visiting many Group X websites to find information on splinter group leaders and finding their statements to new and old members. This proved difficult because the splinter groups of Group X are united in beliefs, but differ in public opinion. They are eager to tear each other down, prove their superiority, and yet remain anonymous. After a few weeks of intense searching, a list of eight recruiting texts and eight radicalizing texts from a variety of Group X leaders were compiled.

Fields, Susannah

2007-08-16

450

Genome chaos: survival strategy during crisis.  

PubMed

Genome chaos, a process of complex, rapid genome re-organization, results in the formation of chaotic genomes, which is followed by the potential to establish stable genomes. It was initially detected through cytogenetic analyses, and recently confirmed by whole-genome sequencing efforts which identified multiple subtypes including "chromothripsis", "chromoplexy", "chromoanasynthesis", and "chromoanagenesis". Although genome chaos occurs commonly in tumors, both the mechanism and detailed aspects of the process are unknown due to the inability of observing its evolution over time in clinical samples. Here, an experimental system to monitor the evolutionary process of genome chaos was developed to elucidate its mechanisms. Genome chaos occurs following exposure to chemotherapeutics with different mechanisms, which act collectively as stressors. Characterization of the karyotype and its dynamic changes prior to, during, and after induction of genome chaos demonstrates that chromosome fragmentation (C-Frag) occurs just prior to chaotic genome formation. Chaotic genomes seem to form by random rejoining of chromosomal fragments, in part through non-homologous end joining (NHEJ). Stress induced genome chaos results in increased karyotypic heterogeneity. Such increased evolutionary potential is demonstrated by the identification of increased transcriptome dynamics associated with high levels of karyotypic variance. In contrast to impacting on a limited number of cancer genes, re-organized genomes lead to new system dynamics essential for cancer evolution. Genome chaos acts as a mechanism of rapid, adaptive, genome-based evolution that plays an essential role in promoting rapid macroevolution of new genome-defined systems during crisis, which may explain some unwanted consequences of cancer treatment. PMID:24299711

Liu, Guo; Stevens, Joshua B; Horne, Steven D; Abdallah, Batoul Y; Ye, Karen J; Bremer, Steven W; Ye, Christine J; Chen, David J; Heng, Henry H

2014-02-15

451

Political and Economic Crisis in Russia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines the tumultuous state of affairs in Russia. The ten resources discussed offer background, news, analysis, and commentary. In recent weeks, political turmoil and economic chaos have severely threatened Russia's stability as an emerging free-market democracy, prompting regional governor and former general Alexander Lebed to say that "the situation in Russia is catastrophic--worse than in 1917." Russia's latest political upheaval began on August 23 when the unpredictable President Boris Yeltsin discharged his prime minister, Sergei Kiriyenko, and reinstalled the previous prime minister, Viktor Chernomyrdin (see the April 7, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences). Chernomyrdin plans to create an "economic dictatorship" in Russia and to print billions of rubles to avoid total economic collapse. Yesterday, in an approval ballot to reinstate Chernomyrdin as prime minister, the Duma rejected his appointment for the second time in two weeks. Analysts predict that next week a subsequent ballot for approval will fail, the Duma will dissolve, and Yeltsin will rule by decree, without a functioning government, until new parliamentary elections are held. Russian political dissension has been induced by the country's severe financial crisis. On September 6, the Russia economy suffered a blow when the European Union decided not to offer money to Russia and spurned a moratorium on debts Russia owes to EU members. Today in another setback, chairman of the central bank, Sergei Dubinin, tendered his resignation. These events, compounded by ruble devaluation, limited tax revenue, and skittish foreign investments, have left the economy in shambles, despite the recent receipt of an enormous loan from the International Monetary Fund (discussed in the July 16, 1998 Scout Report for Business & Economics).

Osmond, Andrew.

1998-01-01

452

[Heinrich von Kleist--crisis and creative overcoming].  

PubMed

Heinrich von Kleist's life was shaken repeatedly by negative life-events, finally he committed suicide in his last life-crisis (1811). His work was mostly understood as descriptions of negative life-events and failed-being. In this article it will be shown that in at least two "crises" Kleist's work can be understood as a creative overcome of those. Kleist shows in his "Essay to Find a Sure Way to Happiness" (1799) his way of solving his "Soldier-Crisis" (1798), a depressive episode. In "The Broken Jug" (1802 - 1805) he shows the implications of a philosophical problem experienced in his "Kant-Crisis" (1801) and offers chances to overcome this particular crisis, which still seems to be an actual problem of ourselves. Though his crises must be understood as depressive episodes, at least the "Kant-Crisis" with its connections to philosophical and artistical matters seems to be more complicated than a simple depressive syndrome. Kleist formulates his basic life-experience, to be repeatedly shaken by "crises" respectively depressive episodes and the necessity to overcome each in a new way of living. PMID:11479830

Schlimme, J

2001-07-01

453

Clustering, chaos, and crisis in a bailout embedding map.  

PubMed

We study the dynamics of inertial particles in two-dimensional incompressible flows. The particle dynamics is modeled by four-dimensional dissipative bailout embedding maps of the base flow which is represented by 2-d area preserving maps. The phase diagram of the embedded map is rich and interesting both in the aerosol regime, where the density of the particle is larger than that of the base flow, as well as the bubble regime, where the particle density is less than that of the base flow. The embedding map shows three types of dynamic behavior, periodic orbits, chaotic structures, and mixed regions. Thus, the embedding map can target periodic orbits as well as chaotic structures in both the aerosol and bubble regimes at certain values of the dissipation parameter. The bifurcation diagram of the 4-d map is useful for the identification of regimes where such structures can be found. An attractor merging and widening crisis is seen for a special region for the aerosols. At the crisis, two period-10 attractors merge and widen simultaneously into a single chaotic attractor. Crisis induced intermittency is seen at some points in the phase diagram. The characteristic times before bursts at the crisis show power-law behavior as functions of the dissipation parameter. Although the bifurcation diagram for the bubbles looks similar to that of aerosols, no such crisis regime is seen for the bubbles. Our results can have implications for the dynamics of impurities in diverse application contexts. PMID:17995093

Thyagu, N Nirmal; Gupte, Neelima

2007-10-01

454

Clinical trials in crisis: Four simple methodologic fixes.  

PubMed

There is growing consensus that the US clinical trials system is broken, with trial costs and complexity increasing exponentially, and many trials failing to accrue. Yet, concerns about the expense and failure rate of randomized trials are only the tip of the iceberg; perhaps what should worry us most is the number of trials that are not even considered because of projected costs and poor accrual. Several initiatives, including the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative and the "Sensible Guidelines Group" seek to push back against current trends in clinical trials, arguing that all aspects of trials-including design, approval, conduct, monitoring, analysis, and dissemination-should be based on evidence rather than contemporary norms. Proposed here are four methodologic fixes for current clinical trials. The first two aim to simplify trials, reducing costs, and increasing patient acceptability by dramatically reducing eligibility criteria-often to the single criterion that the consenting physician is uncertain which of the two randomized arms is optimal-and by clinical integration, investment in data infrastructure to bring routinely collected data up to research grade to be used as endpoints in trials. The second two methodologic fixes aim to shed barriers to accrual, either by cluster randomization of clinicians (in the case of modifications to existing treatment) or by early consent, where patients are offered the chance of being randomly selected to be offered a novel intervention if disease progresses at a subsequent point. Such solutions may be partial, or result in a new set of problems of their own. Yet, the current crisis in clinical trials mandates innovative approaches: randomized trials have resulted in enormous benefits for patients, and we need to ensure that they continue to do so. PMID:25278228

Vickers, Andrew J

2014-12-01

455

Group Signatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. In this paper we present a new type of signature for a group of persons, called a group signature, which has the following propertjes: (i) only members,of the group can sign messages; (ii) the receiver can verify that it is a valid group signaa~e, but cannot discover which gr~up member made (i) if necessary, the signature can be \\

David Chaum; Eugène Van Heyst

1991-01-01

456

Home Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All students enrolled in the entry level foundations course in the College of Education of Kutztown University (Pennsylvania) participate in home groups, a cooperative learning strategy. Each student is assigned to a five- or six-person home group on the first day of class. Although group placements are made on the basis of class lists, every…

Stahler, Theresa M.

457

Separation Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes eight-week short-term group designed to help separated or divorced men and women move through related adjustment phase in focused group setting. Discusses constructs that form the foundations of this short-term psychoeducational and support group and presents brief overview of psychological difficulties that occur as result of marital…

Addington, Jean

1992-01-01

458

Neglected ethical dimensions of the professional liability crisis.  

PubMed

In response to the professional liability crisis, self-interest can become dominant and displace fiduciary professionalism from its central place in the moral lives of physicians and physician leaders. We provide preventive ethics tools to address this neglected ethical dimension of the professional liability crisis. We develop these tools on the basis of the concept of the physician as fiduciary of the patient, which was introduced in the English-language literature of medical ethics by Dr John Gregory (1714-1773). These tools are designed to preserve and strengthen 4 professional virtues: integrity, compassion, self-effacement, and self-sacrifice. Acceptable and unacceptable responses to the professional liability crisis are identified with the use of these 4 virtues. These virtues should be supported by an organizational culture of fiduciary professionalism. An organizational culture that is shaped by these 4 professional virtues should be used by physicians and physician leaders to create ethical best-practice models. PMID:15167818

Chervenak, Frank A; McCullough, Laurence B

2004-05-01

459

Exploring China's rural health crisis: processes and policy implications.  

PubMed

China today is experiencing a rural health crisis, one that has uncomfortable echoes of the past. Within China's 'second society' of the peasantry, a resurgence of historical health problems (including vulnerability of the rural poor to epidemics such as schistosomiasis and tuberculosis and high rates of infant and maternal mortality) merge with contemporary concerns over HIV/AIDS, respiratory problems and the threat of Avian Flu to seriously threaten the health and welfare of people in rural areas. This review illustrates and explores the roots of this crisis in terms of key processes of social and environmental change and state health care policy. We argue that this crisis can only be resolved via a fundamental rethink of health provision across China, one that focuses especially on the poorest, most remote parts of the nation (both spatially and socially), and in which the privatisation of health care is more evenly balanced by increased state investment in basic health provision. PMID:17254663

Dummer, Trevor J B; Cook, Ian G

2007-09-01

460

Automata groups  

E-print Network

of Mihailova normal form concerns only free groups, it can be useful for any group G, and we will use the following natural 11 definition: Definition II.12. Let G be a group with non-trivial generators{a1,...,an}, and H be a subgroup of the direct product G... to show that the defining relators in the group ?? are mapped to the trivial element of the group ???. In all three cases we have ??(a)2 = ((1,1)?)2 = (1,1), ??(x)2 = (1,?x2) = (1,1), ??(y)2 = (?a2,?y2) = (1,1), ??(z)2 = (?a2,?z2) = (1,1), ??(x...

Muntyan, Yevgen

2010-01-16

461

Reading About the Financial Crisis: A Twenty-One-Book Review  

E-print Network

The recent financial crisis has generated many distinct perspectives from various quarters. In this article, I review a diverse set of twenty-one books on the crisis, eleven written by academics, and ten written by journalists ...

Lo, Andrew W.

462

Leadership Strategies Dealing With Crisis as Identified by Administrators in Higher Education  

E-print Network

.......................................................................287 28 Personal Successes in Crisis Leadership by Number of Participants Reporting and Typology Classification .......................298 xiii TABLE... Participants .........................................................................................305 31 Reflections on Crisis Leadership Reported by 50% or More of Study Participants...

Jacobsen, Merna J.

2011-10-21

463

"Nuclear Deterrence" as an Adaptive Game Frame for Crisis Decision-Making.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the simulation game "Nuclear Deterrence," which was developed to model an international relations crisis situation involving a bargaining framework potentially applicable to crisis modeling in other disciplines. Eight references are listed. (Author/LLS)

Sorenson, David S.

1981-01-01

464

78 FR 3420 - Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of Agriculture and Forestry Crisis Exemption: EPA concurred with Louisiana on the crisis use of imidacloprid on sugarcane to control West Indian Cane Fly; August 7, 2012 to August 22, 2012. Contact: Tawanda Maignan. Maine Department of...

2013-01-16

465

Macroeconomics after the Crisis: Time to Deal with the Pretense-of-Knowledge Syndrome  

E-print Network

The recent financial crisis has damaged the reputation of macroeconomics, largely for its inability to predict the impending financial and economic crisis. To be honest, this inability to predict does not concern me much. ...

Caballero, Ricardo J.

2010-01-01

466

Is biogeography emerging from its identity crisis? Biogeography has had an unusually pro-  

E-print Network

COMMENTARY Is biogeography emerging from its identity crisis? Biogeography has had an unusually pro- tracted identity crisis (e.g. Brown & Lomo- lino, 2000; Donoghue & Moore, 2003), although the discipline

Riddle, Brett R.

467

Dynamic communities in multichannel data: An application to the foreign exchange market during the 2007-2008 credit crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the cluster dynamics of multichannel (multivariate) time series by representing their correlations as time-dependent networks and investigating the evolution of network communities. We employ a node-centric approach that allows us to track the effects of the community evolution on the functional roles of individual nodes without having to track entire communities. As an example, we consider a foreign exchange market network in which each node represents an exchange rate and each edge represents a time-dependent correlation between the rates. We study the period 2005-2008, which includes the recent credit and liquidity crisis. Using community detection, we find that exchange rates that are strongly attached to their community are persistently grouped with the same set of rates, whereas exchange rates that are important for the transfer of information tend to be positioned on the edges of communities. Our analysis successfully uncovers major trading changes that occurred in the market during the credit crisis.

Fenn, Daniel J.; Porter, Mason A.; McDonald, Mark; Williams, Stacy; Johnson, Neil F.; Jones, Nick S.

2009-09-01

468

Crisis Leadership: Using Military Lessons, Organizational Experiences, and the Power of Influence To Lessen the Impact of Chaos on the People You Lead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managing a crisis and providing leadership in a crisis are not the same activity. Crisis leadership principally deals with how leaders handle the human response to a crisis, including their own. This book, in discussing crisis leadership, focuses on three questions: (1) Will the leader address the crisis head-on, take action to fix it, and, if…

Klann, Gene

469

Using Competitive Intelligence to Improve the Capabilities of SMB Crisis Pre-warning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper seeks to examine the relationship between competitive intelligence (CI) and crisis response of small and middle-sized business (SMB). Research showed that CI had all-right pre-warning capabilities to crisis. Based on the analyzing SMB's crises and crisis sources, this paper proposed a SMB's CI process of crisis pre-warning, which included many distinctive CI methods. Given the SMB's characters, a

Xianjin Zha; Minghong Chen

2009-01-01

470

Global analyses of crisis and stochastic bifurcation in the hardening Helmholtz-Duffing oscillator  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis and stochastic bifurcation of the hardening Helmholtz-Duffing oscillator are studied by means of the generalized cell\\u000a mapping method using digraph. For the system subject to a single deterministic harmonic excitation, our study reveals that\\u000a a series of crisis phenomena can occur when the system parameter passes through different critical values, including chaotic\\u000a boundary crisis, regular boundary crisis and interior

Wei Xu; XiaoLe Yue

2010-01-01

471

Common crisis North-South: cooperation for world recovery  

SciTech Connect

Expanding upon an earlier report of the Brandt Commission that spelled out the extent of the mutual interests between north and south and appealed for a program to avert disaster for the poorest countries, a longer-term reorganization of the global economic system, and a summit meeting of world leaders, the 1983 revision addresses how to deal with the common crisis. The book describes the different elements of crisis in trade, energy, and food, and concentrates on the overriding problem of how to compensate for the decline in liquidity, how to reverse the decline in trade, and how to revive the world economy. 42 references, 21 figures, 1 table.

Not Available

1983-01-01

472

Edge state and crisis in the Pierce diode  

SciTech Connect

We study the chaotic dynamics of the Pierce diode, a simple spatially extended system for collisionless bounded plasmas, focusing on the concept of edge of chaos, the boundary that separates transient from asymptotic dynamics. We fully characterize an interior crisis at the end of a periodic window, thereby showing direct evidence of the collision between a chaotic attractor, a chaotic saddle, and the edge of chaos, formed by a period-3 unstable periodic orbit and its stable manifold. The edge of chaos persists after the interior crisis, when the global attractor of the system increases its size in the phase space.

Munoz, Pablo R.; Rempel, Erico L. [Institute of Aeronautical Technology (ITA) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), CTA/ITA/IEFM, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12228-900 (Brazil); Barroso, Joaquim J. [National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), P. O. Box 515, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12227-010 (Brazil); Chian, Abraham C.-L. [National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), P. O. Box 515, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12227-010 (Brazil); Observatoire de Paris, LESIA, CNRS, 92195 Meudon (France)

2012-09-15

473

The 2008 food price crisis negatively affected household food security and dietary diversity in urban Burkina Faso.  

PubMed

Although the 2008 food price crisis presumably plunged millions of households into poverty and food insecurity, the real impact of the crisis has rarely been documented using field data. Our objective was to assess the consequences of this crisis for household food insecurity and dietary diversity in urban Burkina Faso. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted among randomly selected households in Ouagadougou in July 2007 (n = 3017) and July 2008 (n = 3002). At each round, food insecurity assessed by the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS), the Dietary Diversity Score of an index-member of the household (IDDS = number of food groups consumed in the last 24 h), and food expenditure were collected. Food prices of the 17 most frequently consumed food items were recorded throughout the study area. Food prices at local markets increased considerably between 2007 and 2008, especially those of fish (113%), cereals (53%), and vegetable oil (44%), increasing the household monthly food expenditure by 18%. Thirty-three percent of households were food secure in 2007 and 22% in 2008 (P = 0.02). Individuals consumed fewer fruits and vegetables, dairy products, and meat/poultry in 2008 than in 2007 (mean IDDS = 5.7 ± 1.7 food groups in 2007 vs. 5.2 ± 1.5 in 2008; P < 0.0001). Differences in IDDS and HFIAS between the 2 y were even more marked after adjustment for confounding factors and food expenditure. Food security and dietary diversity significantly decreased between 2007 and 2008, whereas food prices increased. Households increased their food expenditure, but this was not sufficient to compensate the effects of the crisis. PMID:22833656

Martin-Prevel, Yves; Becquey, Elodie; Tapsoba, Sylvestre; Castan, Florence; Coulibaly, Dramane; Fortin, Sonia; Zoungrana, Mahama; Lange, Matthias; Delpeuch, Francis; Savy, Mathilde

2012-09-01

474

Analysis of Chinese Enterprise Financial Crisis Prewarning Based on BP Neural Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the economic development of the emerging market countries, bankruptcy and financial crisis occur more and more frequently in business, credit and savings institutions, and thus the demand for enterprise financial crisis prewarning is rapidly growing. The main purpose of this paper to build a business financial crisis prewarning model based on BP neural network to conduct empirical analysis of

Shen Xiangguang; Song Xiaozhong

2010-01-01

475

Elementary Principal Decision-Making Process during Crisis Situations in One Northern New Jersey District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate how school administrators respond during a crisis. Relevant research pertaining to crisis decision-making will be presented, focusing on the three steps of crisis decision theory (a) assessing the severity of the negative event (b) determining response options, and (c) evaluating response…

Torley, Marilyn

2011-01-01

476

Crisis Intervention in Child Abuse and Neglect. The User Manual Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for child welfare caseworkers and others working with children and families in crisis, this guide presents principles and techniques of crisis intervention with child abuse or neglect cases. After an overview of the manual, the first section considers a definition of crisis, the elements and phases of crises, and the psychological effects…

Gentry, Charles E.

477

De Coubertin's Olympism and the Laugh of Michel Foucault: Crisis Discourse and the Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

De Coubertin developed the sport philosophy of Olympism and the Olympic Games as a response to social and political crisis to promote peace, fair play, and the development of Christian masculinity. The purpose of this paper is to examine how crisis discourse functions as an important shaper of contemporary understandings of Olympism and how conflicting discourses have mobilized crisis discourse

Seth Brown

2012-01-01

478

Perceptions of Preparedness for a Major School Crisis: An Evaluation of Missouri School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major school crisis can cause physical and emotional distress as well as impact student academic performance. The purpose of this study was to use a web-based survey to explore Missouri school counselors' perceptions of individual and school-wide crisis preparedness and crisis training experiences. Results indicate that the more involved…

Werner, Danilea

2014-01-01

479

The Integrated Problem-Solving Model of Crisis Intervention: Overview and Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis intervention is a role that fits exceedingly well with counseling psychologists' interests and skills. This article provides an overview of a new crisis intervention model, the Integrated Problem-Solving Model (IPSM), and demonstrates its application to a specific crisis, sexual assault. It is hoped that this article will encourage…

Westefeld, John S.; Heckman-Stone, Carolyn

2003-01-01

480

Program Evaluation of the "PREPaRE" School Crisis Prevention and Intervention Training Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study details a program evaluation of the "PREPaRE School Crisis Prevention and Intervention Training Curriculum" ("PREPaRE"), conducted in the United States and Canada between 2009 and 2011. Significant improvements in crisis prevention and intervention attitudes and knowledge were shown among 875 "Crisis Prevention…

Nickerson, Amanda B.; Serwacki, Michelle L.; Brock, Stephen E.; Savage, Todd A.; Woitaszewski, Scott A.; Louvar Reeves, Melissa A.

2014-01-01

481

The Efficacy of Crisis Intervention Training for Educators: A Preliminary Study from the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional development in crisis intervention skills can help address the growing needs of schools to train faculty to respond to students in acute crisis. Unlike traditional methods of classroom management, crisis intervention training teaches specific strategies to de-escalate conflict while at the same time addressing the underlying…

Forthun, Larry F.; McCombie, Jeffrey W.

2011-01-01

482

Critical Research and Narrative Omniscience: Looking for Researcher Voice in the Crisis of Objectification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counters the tendency toward narrative omniscience in critical ethnography by reexamining researcher voice in ethnographic text, rejecting the notion that the current crisis of representation is based on uncertainty about how best to describe a scene and arguing that the crisis stems from objectification. The paper extends the crisis from…

McCadden, Brian; Dempsey, Van; Adkins, Amee

1999-01-01

483

How special is special? The Anglo?American alliance during the Cuban missile crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cuban missile crisis of 1962 affords an excellent opportunity to scrutinise alliance relationships during the most critical phases of international history. The recently declassified documents at the Public Records Office suggest that although Britain's role in the crisis was limited to consultation with the United States and did not actively participate in the resolution of the crisis, the government

Gary D. Rawnsley

1995-01-01

484

Leaders in Conflict: Diefenbaker, Kennedy, and Canada’s Response to the Cuban Missile Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the Cuban Missile Crisis has received a tremendous amount of attention from American scholars, in Canada the historiography concerning the Crisis is quite limited, with few monographs devoted to it. Typically the Crisis might receive a few pages of attention, perhaps a chapter in a book concerned with other topics. This historiographical “blind spot” has allowed misconceptions concerning Canada’s

Matthew Gurney

2009-01-01

485

Cultural Values and Interpersonal Similarity Influencing September 11 Emotions and Crisis Information Diffusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of 76 respondents ages 17-20 profiled cultural crisis information sources regarding the attack of September 11 and analyzed emotions then and one year later. The research supports the significance of interpersonal sources compared with mediated sources concerning first knowledge of crisis information. Interpersonal, immediacy needs during crisis information may account for the persistence of this effect. Significant affective

Carley H. Dodd

2003-01-01

486

Gender differences in entrepreneurship : Equality, diversity and inclusion in times of global crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In 2008, the world had undergone a global economic crisis. Since women always face greater difficulties in obtaining capital than men, the economic crisis had a greater effect on them. The purpose of this paper is to examine the implications of the global crisis for women's entrepreneurship, from the perspective of equality, diversity and inclusion. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The

Ayala Malach Pines; Miri Lerner; Dafna Schwartz

2010-01-01

487

Avoiding crisis in communication: a computer-supported training approach for emergency management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis management requires stakeholders not only to show strategic, organisational preparedness for crisis events (e.g., by systematising and professionalising coping with work), but also to develop skills in dealing with unanticipated events and other stakeholders involved in the same crisis. They should not only rely on established information flows and behaviour patterns, but also be able to deal with situational

Christian Reuter; Volkmar Pipek; Claudia Müller

2009-01-01

488

Covariation-Based Causal Attributions during Organizational Crises: Suggestions for Extending Situational Crisis Communication Theory (SCCT)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential of attribution theory is, by far, not exhausted to understand how causal attributions of stakeholders arise and how they influence their perceptions of organizations under crisis conditions. Therefore, a theoretical framework for explaining covariation-based causal inferences will be proposed for crisis communication research. Illustrated by several crisis scenarios, basic assumptions of Kelley's covariation principle will be outlined and

Andreas Schwarz

2008-01-01

489

Preparing for Crises in the Schools: A Manual for Building School Crisis Response Teams. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychologists who are experienced in crisis response present a framework for a proactive response to tragedy. An introductory chapter presents an overview. Chapter 2 offers a brief review of crisis theory. Chapter 3 contains a review of strategies for starting crisis-response plans. Chapter 4 reviews recommendations for securing a commitment to…

Brock, Stephen E.; Sandoval, Jonathan; Lewis, Sharon

490

Chaos, crises and disasters: a strategic approach to crisis management in the tourism industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines and discusses a strategic and holistic approach to crisis management for the tourism industry. It notes the growing importance of crisis and disaster management for the tourism industry before exploring the definitions and nature of crises and disasters. The paper then proposes a strategic approach to their management from proactive pre-crisis planning through strategic implementation and finally

Brent W. Ritchie

2004-01-01

491

Crisees: Real-Time Monitoring of Social Media Streams to Support Crisis Management  

E-print Network

locations of each fire. Using social media in this way has led to the idea that citizens can act as "socialCrisees: Real-Time Monitoring of Social Media Streams to Support Crisis Management David Maxwell1 is a service that aggregates and collects social media streams to support Crisis Managment 1 Crisis Event

Jose, Joemon M.

492

Currency Depreciation and Korean Stock Market Performance during the Asian Financial Crisis  

E-print Network

Currency Depreciation and Korean Stock Market Performance during the Asian Financial Crisis Wen the volatility of the Korean stock and foreign exchange markets during the 1997 Asian financial crisis and Korean Stock Market Performance during the Asian Financial Crisis Abstract Structural shifts characterize

Ahmad, Sajjad

493

How Long Is a Minute? The Importance of a Measured Plan of Response to Crisis Situations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical interventions for special education students in crisis remains a controversial concept. The first minute of a crisis situation represents the most crucial time to prevent injury or the exacerbation of injury. Although preventing violence and escalation of negative emotions is the first step in crisis management, school staff also must be…

Bickel, Perry S.

2010-01-01

494

Crisis management, capabilities and preparedness: the case of public hospitals in Iran.  

PubMed

Crises occurred in recent decades show that organizations' preparedness to predict and respond to undesired problems is directly related to the degree of their capabilities and preparedness to manage crises in this context, hospitals compared to other organizations are more viable to suffer damages if a crisis occurs. This study investigates the degree of public hospitals capabilities and preparedness to handled possible crises. Responses from hospital managers and directors show that most of them were not familiar with crisis management, while majority of them mentioned that they had crisis management plan and committee in their hospitals. Moreover, most of the respondents believed that if a crisis occurs in the hospital, patients, personnel and documents will be the first victims of the crisis. The study also indicates that having a crisis plan and crisis committee without being familiar with knowledge of crisis management, do not help managers to cope with crisis. Moreover, correlations show that older managers were more familiar with crisis management experiences abroad, and defined responsibilities contributed to setting up crisis committee, and taking crisis seriously. PMID:21391445

Najafbagy, Reza

2010-01-01

495

Providing Crisis Counseling to New Yorkers after the Terrorist Attack on the World Trade Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of two crisis intervention techniques used by a marriage and family counselor who served as a crisis counselor in New York City after the September 11th terrorist attack. The intervention techniques described are Critical Incident Stress Debriefing and one-on-one crisis counseling. An overview of both techniques…

Jordan, Karin

2002-01-01

496

The global economic crisis, its gender and ethnic implications, and policy responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial crisis that began in 2008 has resulted in the widespread destruction of jobs and livelihoods. Among the factors that precipitated the crisis, growing inequality both within and between countries contributed to low levels of aggregate demand and the reliance of low-income households on unsustainable borrowing to maintain living standards. The crisis provides the opportunity to rethink macroeconomic

Stephanie Seguino

2010-01-01

497

Crisis Nursery Services--Responding to Parental Concerns. ARCH Factsheet Number 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis nursery programs were developed to offer temporary relief from child care responsibilities for parents experiencing a crisis or extreme stress. While the programs focus on being helpful and supportive, they may seem threatening to some parents. Service providers need to understand parents' fears and concerns about using crisis nurseries and…

Montgomery, Becky; And Others

498

Corporate Governance in the Context of Crises: Towards a Stakeholder Theory of Crisis Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we take a step towards developing a stakeholder theory of crisis management. We argue that, in the context of crises, adopting the principles of a stakeholder model of corporate governance will lead companies to engage more frequently in proactive and/or accommodating crisis management behaviour even if these crisis management behaviours are not perceived to maximize shareholder value.

Can M. Alpaslan; Sandy E. Green; Ian I. Mitroff

2009-01-01

499

Treachery by Any Other Name: A Case Study of the Toshiba Public Relations Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains that the battle to protect a corporation's image is critical during a crisis. Examines Toshiba's decision to sell weapons technology to the Soviet Union. Relates how the concept of "apologia" was used for insight into Toshiba's handling of the crisis. Argues that public relations in an image crisis is a battle for reidentification with…

Hobbs, Jeffrey D.

1995-01-01

500

Crisis Planning: Survey Results from Hurricane Katrina and Implications for Performance Improvement Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modern organizations constantly face unparalleled changes and uncertainty in the competitive world, thus requiring strategic planning to mitigate crisis conditions. Underscoring crisis plans are performance interventions that prepare employees, technological systems, and the organizational culture to effectively respond to a crisis event. However,…

Hutchins, Holly M.; Annulis, Heather; Gaudet, Cyndi

2008-01-01