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1

CrisisGroup  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Crisis Group (ICG) is a private, multinational organization "committed to strengthening the capacity of the international community to anticipate, understand and act to prevent and contain conflict." The ICG, which is chaired by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari, is headquartered in Brussels and has advocacy offices in Washington DC, New York, and Paris. The organization currently operates field projects in nineteen crisis-affected countries and four continents: Algeria, Burundi, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and Zimbabwe in Africa; Myanmar, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan in Asia; Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia in Europe; and Colombia in Latin America. Teams of political analysts gather information from a wide range of sources, assess local conditions, and produce regular analytical reports, containing "practical recommendations targeted at key international decision-takers." For those users interested in exploring publications on issues related to conflict prevention and management, this is definitely a place to start. The heading "Browse by publication type," located on the main website, will allow users to browse a variety of resoures such as reports, briefings, speeches, podcasts and other multimedia and the latest news releases.

2

Anorexia Nervosa--Parents in Crisis--The Parent Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents who live with and deal with anorexia nervosa in a daughter often find themselves in crisis. The parent group is one response to that crisis. This study surveyed 30 Montana treatment centers, the 13 Montana AA high schools, and the 12 Montana colleges, universities, and junior colleges to determine what, if any, parent groups existed and…

Hueth, Colleen Kirkpatrick

3

The crisis communication preparedness of nonprofit organizations: The case of German interest groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

A national survey of German interest groups showed that these nonprofit organizations are substantially lacking crisis preparations. Less than one third use crisis plans, crisis management teams, or crisis scenarios. In terms of web-based crisis communication, nonprofit organizations primarily relied on traditional forms of online communication for crisis response. Organizational experience with crises, the general status of the public relations

Andreas Schwarz; Franziska Pforr

2011-01-01

4

Indocyanine green (ICG) and laser irradiation induce photooxidation.  

PubMed

The cellular uptake and subcellular localization of indocyanine green (ICG; absorption band 700-850 nm), and cell survival and ultrastructural changes following ICG-mediated phototherapy were investigated in vitro in four different cell lines derived from human skin (SCL1 and SCL2 squamous cell carcinoma, HaCaT keratinocytes and N1 fibroblasts). The cellular uptake of ICG (1-50 microM, incubation times 1, 4, 24 h) was saturable, highly cumulative and could be inhibited by the addition of 250 microM bromosulphophthalein indicating the involvement of the organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP). For HaCaT cells, the maximum cellular uptake (Vmax) and the Michaelis constant (K(m)) were 9.9 +/- 1.1 mM and 47 +/- 16 microM, respectively, following a 24-h incubation with ICG. Fluorescence microscopy revealed a cytoplasmic distribution of ICG, probably bound to glutathione S-transferase. Following irradiation with a cw-diode laser (805 nm, 80 mW/cm2) at doses of 24 or 48 J/cm2, the phototoxicity was determined using the MTT assay as a measure of cell viability. For all cell lines, ICG concentrations above 25 microM produced a significant phototoxic effect. The EC50, of ICG for HaCaT cells following irradiation at 24 J/cm2 was 20.1 +/- 3.9 microM. Growth curves showed that even HaCaT cells treated at the EC50 were killed within a week following treatment. Electron microscopy 1 h after ICG-mediated phototherapy revealed cytoplasmic vesiculation, dilation of the rough endoplasmic reticulum, the Golgi complex and the perinuclear cisternae and the beginning of chromatin condensation in the nucleus. These ultrastructural findings are not consistent with a photothermal action of ICG-mediated phototherapy. Taken together with those of previous studies by our group these results support photooxidation as a major cell-killing mechanism. PMID:10994775

Abels, C; Fickweiler, S; Weiderer, P; Bäumler, W; Hofstädter, F; Landthaler, M; Szeimies, R M

2000-08-01

5

Group crisis intervention for children during ongoing war conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term impact of a group crisis intervention for children aged 9–15 years from five refugee camps in the Gaza Strip during ongoing war conflict. Children were selected if they reported moderate to severe posttraumatic stress reactions, and were allocated to group intervention (N=47) encouraging expression of experiences and emotions through storytelling,

Abdel Aziz Thabet; Panos Vostanis; Khalid Karim

2005-01-01

6

ICG fluorescence imaging and its medical applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a novel optical angiography system, and introduces its medical applications. We developed the optical enhanced imaging system which can observe the blood and lymphatic vessels as the Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence image. The imaging system consists of 760nm light emitted diode (LED) as excite light, CCD camera as a detector, a high-pass optical filter in front of the CCD and video processing system. The advantage of ICG fluorescence method is safe (radiation free), high sensitive, real time monitoring of blood and/or lymphatic flow, small size, easy to operate and cost effective compared to conventional X-ray angiography or scintigraphy. We have applied this method to several clinical applications such as breast cancer sentinel lymph node (SLN) navigation, lymph edema diagnostic and identification of liver segmentation. In each application, ICG fluorescence method shows useful result. It's indicated that this method is promising technique as optical angiography.

Miwa, Mitsuharu; Shikayama, Takahiro

2008-12-01

7

ICG laser therapy of acne vulgaris  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The near-infrared (NIR) laser radiation due to its high penetration depth is widely used in phototherapy. In application to skin appendages a high selectivity of laser treatment is needed to prevent light action on surrounding tissues. Indocyanine Green (ICG) dye may provide a high selectivity of treatment due to effective ICG uploading by a target and its narrow band of considerable absorption just at the wavelength of the NIR diode laser. The goal of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of the NIR diode laser phototherapy in combination with topical application of ICG suggested for soft and thermal treatment of acne vulgaris. 28 volunteers with facile or back-located acne were enrolled. Skin sites of subjects were stained by ICG and irradiated by NIR laser-diode light (803 or 809 nm). Untreated, only stained and only light irradiated skin areas served as controls. For soft acne treatment, the low-intensity (803 nm, 10 - 50 mW/cm2, 5-10 min) or the medium-intensity (809 nm, 150 - 190 mW/cm2, 15 min) protocols were used. The single and multiple (up to 8-9) treatments were provided. The individual acne lesions were photothermally treated at 18 W/cm2 (803 nm, 0.5 sec) without skin surface cooling or at 200 W/cm2 (809 nm, 0.5 sec) with cooling. The results of the observations during 1-2 months after the completion of the treatment have shown that only in the case of the multiple-wise treatment a combined action of ICG and NIR irradiation reduces inflammation and improves skin state during a month without any side effects. At high power densities (up to 200 W/cm2) ICG stained acne inflammatory elements were destructed for light exposures of 0.5 sec. Based on the concept that hair follicle, especially sebaceous gland, can be intensively and selectively stained by ICG due to dye diffusion through pilosebaceous canal and its fast uptake by living microorganisms, by vital keratinocytes of epithelium of the canal and sebaceous duct, and by rapidly proliferating sebocytes, new technologies of soft and thermal acne lesions treatment that could be used in clinical treatment of acne were proposed.

Tuchin, Valery V.; Altshuler, Gregory B.; Genina, Elina A.; Bashkatov, Alexey N.; Simonenko, Georgy V.; Odoevskaya, Olga D.; Yaroslavsky, Ilya V.

2004-07-01

8

Development of anti-HER2 conjugated ICG-loaded polymeric nanoparticles for targeted optical imaging of ovarian cancer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Targeted delivery of therapeutic and imaging agents using surface modified nanovectors has been explored immensely in recent years. The growing demand for site-specific and efficient delivery of nanovectors entails stable surface conjugation of targeting moieties. We have developed a polymeric nanocapsule doped with Indocyanine green (ICG) with potential for targeted and deep tissue optical imaging and phototherapy. Our ICG-loaded nanocapsules (ICG-NCs) have potential for covalent coupling of various targeting moieties and materials due to presence of amine groups on the surface. Here, we covalently bioconjugate polyethylene glycol(PEG)-coated ICG-NCs with monoclonal antibody against HER2 through reductive amination-mediated procedures. The irreversible and stable bonds are formed between anti- EGFR and aldehyde termini of PEG chains on the surface of ICG-NCs. We confirm the uptake of conjugated ICG-NCs by ovarian cancer cells over-expressing HER2 using fluorescent confocal microscopy. The proposed process for covalent attachment of anti-HER2 to PEGylated ICG-NCs can be used as a methodology for bioconjugation of various antibodies to such nano-constrcuts, and provides the capability to use these optically active nano-probes for targeted optical imaging of ovarian and other cancer types.

Bahmani, Baharak; Vullev, Valentine; Anvari, Bahman

2012-03-01

9

Effects of ICG concentration and particle diameter on photophysical properties of ICG-doped nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The variety of nanoparticles developed by numerous investigators has presented a diverse platform for various optical imaging applications in biomedicine. We have previously reported that the FDA-approved chromophore Indocyanine Green (ICG) can be successfully encapsulated by cross-linked poly-allylamine hydrochloride (PAH)-Disodium Monophosphate (Na2HPO4) to form a nanoparticle for near-infrared imaging applications. The diameter of the constructs is dependent on the charge ratio between the polymer and salt used to encapsulate the chromophore. Modifications of the synthesis methods can alter the photophysical properties of the capsules, either through the adjustment of the charge ratio between PAH and Na2HPO4 or concentration of ICG successfully impregnated into the capsule. Through understanding the effects of tuning the nanoparticle properties, the photophysical characteristics of the constructs can be optimized. Here we present the results of adjusting the diameter of the nanoparticle and amount of ICG on the hydrodynamic diameters, absorption and fluorescence characteristics, and the relative fluorescence quantum yield. Optimizing the photophysical properties of the constructs can lead to increased imaging sensitivity and contrast for potential translational applications, including tumor imaging, which may utilize these nanoconstructs.

Crovisier, Jason; Bahmani, Baharak; Saleh, Reema; Vullev, Valentine; Anvari, Bahman

2014-03-01

10

Evolution of group network behavior on the internet in a public crisis and its control measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years China has seen public crises take place very frequently. Public crises can cause panic to the public and severely affect people's study, work and living. Especially in an Internet environment, the openness, fastness, its great capacity to transmit and gather information of the Internet is an epoch-making. As a part of group behaviors in a public crisis,

Tian-peng Gao; Yun-juan Cai

2011-01-01

11

Do Individual and Group Beliefs Matter?British Decision-Making During the 1956 Suez Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adoption of cognitive variables at the individual and group level serves in accounting for British decision-making during the 1956 Suez crisis, thus contradicting explanations which are framed in terms of rational actor models. An analysis in terms of cognitive variables, however, requires the formulation of a relevant empirical puzzle which sets rational explanations against cognitive ones. It is shown

BERTJAN VERBEEK

1994-01-01

12

Detection of postoperative granulation tissue with an ICG-enhanced integrated OI-/X-ray System  

PubMed Central

Background The development of postoperative granulation tissue is one of the main postoperative risks after lumbar spine surgery. This granulation tissue may lead to persistent or new clinical symptoms or complicate a follow up surgery. A sensitive non-invasive imaging technique, that could diagnose this granulation tissue at the bedside, would help to develop appropriate treatments. Thus, the purpose of this study was to establish a fast and economic imaging tool for the diagnosis of granulation tissue after lumbar spine surgery, using a new integrated Optical Imaging (OI)/X-ray imaging system and the FDA-approved fluorescent contrast agent Indocyanine Green (ICG). Methods 12 male Sprague Dawley rats underwent intervertebral disk surgery. Imaging of the operated lumbar spine was done with the integrated OI/X-ray system at 7 and 14 days after surgery. 6 rats served as non-operated controls. OI/X-ray scans of all rats were acquired before and after intravenous injection of the FDA-approved fluorescent dye Indocyanine Green (ICG) at a dose of 1 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg. The fluorescence signal of the paravertebral soft tissues was compared between different groups of rats using Wilcoxon-tests. Lumbar spines and paravertebral soft tissues were further processed with histopathology. Results In both dose groups, ICG provided a significant enhancement of soft tissue in the area of surgery, which corresponded with granulation tissue on histopathology. The peak and time interval of fluorescence enhancement was significantly higher using 10 mg/kg dose of ICG compared to the 1 mg/kg ICG dose. The levels of significance were p < 0.05. Fusion of OI data with X-rays allowed an accurate anatomical localization of the enhancing granulation tissue. Conclusion ICG-enhanced OI is a suitable technique to diagnose granulation tissue after lumbar spine surgery. This new imaging technique may be clinically applicable for postoperative treatment monitoring. It could be also used to evaluate the effect of anti-inflammatory drugs and may even allow evaluations at the bedside with new hand-held OI scanners. PMID:19038047

Meier, Reinhard; Boddington, Sophie; Krug, Christian; Acosta, Frank L; Thullier, Daniel; Henning, Tobias D; Sutton, Elizabeth J; Tavri, Sidhartha; Lotz, Jeffrey C; Daldrup-Link, Heike E

2008-01-01

13

The executive compensation crisis in nonprofit hospitals and medical groups.  

PubMed

Our purpose here is to provide guidance on how nonprofit hospitals and medical groups can manage executive compensation during a time when performance counts and intermediate sanctions are a reality. Our theme is the importance of the board's role in developing executive compensation solutions that make how executives are paid a "win" for all stakeholders--customers, the community, contributors, sponsors, employees, and executives. PMID:18972975

Zingheim, Patricia K; Schuster, Jay R; Thomsen, David A

2005-01-01

14

Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) programs in rural communities: a focus group study.  

PubMed

The Crisis Intervention Teams model (CIT) was originally developed as an urban model for police officers responding to calls about persons experiencing a mental illness crisis. Literature suggests that there is reason to believe that there may be unique challenges to adapting this model in rural settings. This study attempts to better understand these unique challenges. Thematic analysis of focus group interviews revealed that there were both external and internal barriers to developing CIT in their respective communities. Some of these barriers were a consequence of working in small communities and working within small police departments. Participants actively overcame these barriers through the realization that CIT was needed in their community, through collaborative efforts across disciplines, and through the involvement of mental health advocacy groups. These results indicate that CIT can be successfully implemented in rural communities. PMID:22820926

Skubby, David; Bonfine, Natalie; Novisky, Meghan; Munetz, Mark R; Ritter, Christian

2013-12-01

15

ICGS2009 Schedule Sunday, May 17  

E-print Network

Twisting out fully irreducible automorphisms Avery 115 Break 11:30­11:50 Zoran Suni´c Closed self Break 4:00­4:50 John Rhodes An effective lower bound for group complexity of finite semigroups Problems in Group Theory Avery 19 Daniel Farley A Short Proof that a CAT(0) cubical complex is a space

Logan, David

16

Assessment of cerebral perfusion in post-traumatic brain injury patients with the use of ICG-bolus tracking method.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to verify the usefulness of the time-resolved optical method utilizing diffusely reflected photons and fluorescence signals combined with intravenous injection of indocyanine green (ICG) in the assessment of brain perfusion in post-traumatic brain injury patients. The distributions of times of flight (DTOFs) of diffusely reflected photons were acquired together with the distributions of times of arrival (DTAs) of fluorescence photons. The data analysis methodology was based on the observation of delays between the signals of statistical moments (number of photons, mean time of flight and variance) of DTOFs and DTAs related to the inflow of ICG to the extra- and intracerebral tissue compartments. Eleven patients with brain hematoma, 15 patients with brain edema and a group of 9 healthy subjects were included in this study. Statistically significant differences between parameters obtained in healthy subjects and patients with brain hematoma and brain edema were observed. The best optical parameter to differentiate patients and control group was variance of the DTOFs or DTAs. Results of the study suggest that time-resolved optical monitoring of inflow of the ICG seems to be a promising tool for detecting cerebral perfusion insufficiencies in critically ill patients. PMID:23831529

Weigl, W; Milej, D; Gerega, A; Toczylowska, B; Kacprzak, M; Sawosz, P; Botwicz, M; Maniewski, R; Mayzner-Zawadzka, E; Liebert, A

2014-01-15

17

From Crisis to Transition: The State of Russian Science Based on Focus Groups with Nuclear Physicists  

SciTech Connect

The collapse of the Soviet system led to a sharp contraction of state funding for science. Formerly privileged scientists suddenly confronted miserly salaries (often paid late), plummeting social prestige, deteriorating research facilities and equipment, and few prospects for improvement. Many departed the field of science for more lucrative opportunities, both within Russia and abroad. The number of inventions, patent applications, and publications by Russian scientists declined. Reports of desperate nuclear physicists seeking work as tram operators and conducting hunger strikes dramatized the rapid collapse of one of the contemporary world's most successful scientific establishments. Even more alarming was the 1996 suicide of Vladimir Nechai, director of the second largest nuclear research center in Russia (Chelyabinsk-70, now known as Snezhinsk). Nechai, a respected theoretical physicist who spent almost 40 years working on Soviet and Russian nuclear programs, killed himself because he could no longer endure his inability to rectify a situation in which his employees had not been paid for more than 5 months and were ''close to starvation.'' The travails of Russia's scientists sparked interest in the West primarily because of the security threat posed by their situation. The seemingly relentless crisis in science raised fears that disgruntled scientists might sell their nuclear weapons expertise to countries or organizations that harbor hostile intentions toward the United States. Such concerns are particularly pressing in the wake of the September 2001 terrorist attacks in the US. At the same time, we should not overlook other critical implications that the state of Russian science has for Russia's long-term economic and political development. It is in the West's interest to see Russia develop a thriving market economy and stable democracy. A successful scientific community can help on both counts. Science and technology can attract foreign investment and fuel renewed economic progress in Russia. Russian scientists could also be an important source of support for democratic norms: sociologists of science have long argued that scientists tend to support democracy because it provides them with the freedom in which their research can flourish. At the same time, a more recent study suggests that funding shortages may override the researcher's need for freedom and drive scientists to align themselves with the economic policies espoused by Nationalists and Communists in order to survive. Therefore, much turns on the question: ''What is the state of science in Russia today?'' The good news is that focus group interviews with Russian nuclear physicists conducted in October 2001 suggest that the ''science in crisis'' image is one-sided and misleading. Though scientists still complained about low salaries, lack of respect in society, and other similar issues, the participants in the focus groups also expressed positive sentiments about recent changes in the field of science. To be sure, the financing of science remains at a considerably lower level than during the heyday of Soviet times. Yet, it is now possible to earn a decent living as a scientist because of the greater availability of foreign and domestic grants and contracts. In addition, state funding has stabilized over the past few years. Thus, it is more accurate to say that Russian science is in a state of transition rather than in a state of crisis.

Gerber, T P; Ball, D Y

2001-12-09

18

Endoscope-integrated ICG technology: first application during intracranial aneurysm surgery.  

PubMed

Microscopic indocyanine green videoangiography (mICG-VA) has gained wide acceptance during intracranial aneurysm surgery by lowering rates of incomplete clipping and occlusion of surrounding vessels. However, mICG-VA images are limited to the microscopic view and some deeper areas, including the aneurysm sac/neck posterior side, cannot be efficiently assessed as they are hidden by the aneurysm, clips, or surrounding structures. Contrarily, endoscopes allow a wider area of visualization, but neurosurgical endoscopes to date only provided visual data. We describe the first application of endoscope ICG-integrated technology (eICG) applied in an initial case of anterior communicating artery aneurysm clipping. This new technique provided also relevant information regarding aneurysm occlusion and patency of parent and branching vessels and small perforating arteries. eICG-VA provided additional information compared to mICG-VA by magnifying areas of interest and improving the ability to view less accessible regions, especially posterior to the aneurysm clip. Obtaining eICG sequences required currently the microscope to be moved away from the operating field. eICG-VA was only recorded under infrared illumination which prevented tissue handling, but white-infrared light views could be interchanged instantaneously. Further development of angled endoscopes integrating the ICG technology and dedicated filters blocking the microscopic light could improve visualization capacities even further. In conclusion, as a result of its ability to reveal structures around corners, the eICG-VA technology could be beneficial when used in combination with mICG-VA to visualize and confirm vessel patency in areas that were previously hidden from the microscope. PMID:22918545

Bruneau, Michaël; Appelboom, Geoffrey; Rynkowski, Michal; Van Cutsem, Nathalie; Mine, Benjamin; De Witte, Olivier

2013-01-01

19

Interest of ICG blood clearance monitoring for reproducible 810-nm diode laser coagulation of blood vessels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose: To evaluate a method of control of diode laser fluence leading to a reproducible ICG-enhanced selective photocoagulation of blood vessels. This method would use the chromophore clearance, i.e. ICG blood concentration decay to adapt the laser fluence. Materials and Methods: A skin flap window was used on hamsters. After a 15 mg/kg ICG solution injection, photocoagulation of vessels were performed. Results: Selective photocoagulation of blood vessels was obtained only during the first 10 minutes. The fluence required to obtain a selective photocoagulation of vessels (F) was modelized using a one compartment phamacokinetic equation: F equals Of(1-e-t/(tau )). The best fit was obtained for a time constant (tau) equals 4.8 min and Of equals 300 J/cm2 (correlation coefficient r2 equals 0.996). During the first 10 minutes, the fluence required for selective photocoagulation of vessels was increased by a factor 4.5. Conclusion: Fluence required for a selective photocoagulation of vessels was correlated to ICG blood concentration decay. The time constant was equivalent to ICG half-life time in human blood. These results demonstrate that diode laser ICG-enhanced photocoagulation can be controlled by monitoring the ICG blood clearance.

Desmettre, Thomas; Soulie-Begu, Sylvie; Devoisselle, Jean-Marie; Mordon, Serge R.

1999-02-01

20

ICG-enhanced imaging of arthritis with an integrated Optical Imaging/X-ray System  

PubMed Central

Background Optical Imaging (OI) is a promising technique that is quick, inexpensive and, in combination with Indocyanine Green (ICG), an FDA-approved fluorescent dye, could provide early detection of rheumatoid arthritis. Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate a combined X-ray/OI imaging system for ICG-enhanced detection of arthritic joints in a rat model of antigen induced arthritis. Methods Arthritis of the knee and ankle joints was induced in six Harlan rats with peptidoglycan polysaccharide polymers (PGPS). Three rats served as non-treated controls. Optical imaging of the knee and ankle joints was done with an integrated OI/X-ray system before and up to 24h post intravenous injection (p.i.) of 10mg/kg ICG. The fluorescence signal intensities of arthritic and normal joints were compared for significant differences using generalized estimation equation models. Specimen of knee and ankle joints were further processed and evaluated by histology. Results ICG provided a significant increase in fluorescence signal of arthritic joints compared to baseline values immediately after administration (p<0.05). The fluorescence signal of arthritic joints was significantly higher compared to the non-arthritic control joints at 1 - 720 min p.i. (p<0.05). Fusion of ICG-enhanced OI and X-rays allowed for anatomical co-registration of the inflamed tissue with the associated joint. H&E stains confirmed marked synovial inflammation of arthritic joints and absence of inflammation in control joints. Conclusion ICG-enhanced OI is a clinically applicable tool for detection of arthritic tissue. Using relatively high doses of ICG, a long term fluorescence enhancement of arthritic joints can be achieved. This may facilitate simultaneous evaluations of multiple joints in a clinical setting. Fusion of ICG-OI scans with X-ray imaging increases anatomical resolution. PMID:20506388

Meier, Reinhard; Krug, Christian; Golovko, Daniel; Boddington, Sophie; Piontek, Guido; Rudelius, Martina; Sutton, Elizabeth J.; Baur-Melnyk, Andrea; Jones, Ella F.; Daldrup-Link, Heike E.

2010-01-01

21

Monoclonal antibody-targeted PEGylated liposome-ICG encapsulating doxorubicin as a potential theranostic agent.  

PubMed

Indocyanine green (ICG) is an FDA-approved, strongly photo-absorbent/fluorescent probe that has been incorporated into a clinically-relevant PEGylated liposome as a flexible optoacoustic contrast agent platform. This study describes the engineering of targeted PEGylated liposome-ICG using the anti-MUC-1 "humanized" monoclonal antibody (MoAb) hCTM01 as a tumour-specific theranostic system. We aimed to visualise non-invasively the tumour accumulation of these MoAb-targeted liposomes over time in tumour-bearing mice using multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT). Preferential accumulation of targeted PEGylated liposome-ICG was studied after intravenous administration in comparison to non-targeted PEGylated liposome-ICG using both fast growing (4T1) and slow growing (HT-29) MUC-1 positive tumour models. Monitoring liposomal ICG in the tumour showed that both targeted and non-targeted liposome-ICG formulations preferentially accumulated into the tumour models studied. Rapid accumulation was observed for targeted liposomes at early time points mainly in the periphery of the tumour volume suggesting binding to available MUC-1 receptors. In contrast, non-targeted PEGylated liposomes showed accumulation at the centre of the tumour at later time points. In an attempt to take this a step further, we successfully encapsulated the anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX) into both targeted and non-targeted PEGylated liposome-ICG. The engineering of DOX-loaded targeted ICG liposome systems present a novel platform for combined tumour-specific therapy and diagnosis. This can open new possibilities in the design of advanced image-guided cancer therapeutics. PMID:25445515

Lozano, Neus; Al-Ahmady, Zahraa S; Beziere, Nicolas S; Ntziachristos, Vasilis; Kostarelos, Kostas

2015-03-30

22

Drug delivery monitoring by photoacoustic tomography with an ICG encapsulated double emulsion  

PubMed Central

The absorption spectrum of indocyanine green (ICG), a nontoxic dye used for medical diagnostics, depends upon its concentration as well as the nature of its environment, i.e., the solvent medium into which it is dissolved. In blood, ICG binds with plasma proteins, thus causing changes in its photoacoustic spectrum. We successfully encapsulated ICG in an ultrasound-triggerable perfluorocarbon double emulsion that prevents ICG from binding with plasma proteins. Photoacoustic spectral measurements on point target as well as 2-D photoacoustic images of blood vessels revealed that the photoacoustic spectrum changes significantly in blood when the ICG-loaded emulsion undergoes acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV), which is the conversion of liquid droplets into gas bubbles using ultrasound. We propose that these changes in the photoacoustic spectrum of the ICG emulsion in blood, coupled with photoacoustic tomography, could be used to spatially and quantitatively monitor ultrasound initiated drug delivery. In addition, we suggest that the photoacoustic spectral change induced by ultrasound exposure could also be used as contrast in photoacoustic imaging to obtain a background free image. PMID:21934797

Rajian, Justin Rajesh; Fabiilli, Mario L.; Fowlkes, J. Brian; Carson, Paul L.; Wang, Xueding

2011-01-01

23

Crisis, What Crisis?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to the recent work of Andrew Gamble, the article discusses the extent to which the British situation can be described in terms of crisis. It suggests that an essential element of crisis is that of political and social contestation, and explores the terms on which contestation is taking shape in and around British education.

Jones, Ken

2010-01-01

24

Crisis behavior  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Defense has rules and procedures to minimize the opportunity for error and improper behavior among those with access to strategic weapons, but no psychiatric screening system can predict with assurance who will or will not behave rationally during a crisis. Personal problems and institutional decision-making pressures may destroy nuclear deterrence. Certain features of military life, including drug and alcohol abuse, heavy responsibility, tension, and group decision making, can destreoy rationality. 12 references.

Grinspoon, L.

1984-04-01

25

Robust ICG theranostic nanoparticles for folate targeted cancer imaging and highly effective photothermal therapy.  

PubMed

Folic acid (FA)-targeted indocyanine green (ICG)-loaded nanoparticles (NPs) (FA-INPs) were developed to a near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence theranostic nanoprobe for targeted imaging and photothermal therapy of cancer. The FA-INPs with good monodispersity exhibited excellent size and fluorescence stability, preferable temperature response under laser irradiation, and specific molecular targeting to MCF-7 cells with FA receptor overexpression, compared to free ICG. The FA-INPs enabled NIR fluorescence imaging to in situ monitor the tumor accumulation of the ICG. The cell survival rate assays in vitro and photothermal therapy treatments in vivo indicated that FA-INPs could efficiently targeted and suppressed MCF-7 cells and xenograft tumors. Hence, the FA-INPs are notable theranostic NPs for imaging-guided cancer therapy in clinical application. PMID:24697646

Zheng, Mingbin; Zhao, Pengfei; Luo, Zhenyu; Gong, Ping; Zheng, Cuifang; Zhang, Pengfei; Yue, Caixia; Gao, Duyang; Ma, Yifan; Cai, Lintao

2014-05-14

26

Endoilluminator phototoxic maculopathy associated with combined ICG-assisted epiretinal membrane and internal limiting membrane peeling  

PubMed Central

Phototoxic maculopathy caused by endoillumination during macular surgery is uncommon. Previously identified risk factors have included intensity of the light source, proximity to the retinal surface, and length of exposure. In the era of indocyanine green (ICG)-assisted internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, the use of ICG, and the technique of ILM peeling may both contribute to subsequent phototoxic maculopathy. We present cases of routine chromovitrectomy who developed phototoxic maculopathy in the precise discrete distribution of the ILM rhexes, and discuss potential mechanisms and implications. PMID:25525328

Yonekawa, Yoshihiro; Abbey, Ashkan M; Shah, Ankoor R; Thomas, Benjamin J; Capone, Antonio

2014-01-01

27

Critical Incident Stress Debriefing and crisis groups: A review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concern about the psychological consequences to groups of individuals exposed to traumatic events as part of their work role has led to the introduction of a group mode of intervention for work systems called Critical Incident Stress Debriefing. However, the term “debriefing” is foreign to the language of group psychotherapy. Most journal articles and leader training workshops do not

David Wollman

1993-01-01

28

Crisis Management Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this column, Crisis Management in the Schools Interest Group members summarize recent crisis management publications. The first article summarized was a meta-analysis of the risk factors associated with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among adults. The second study looked at the presence of life stressors among students who were expelled…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

2009-01-01

29

Organizational Responses to the Fatherhood Crisis: The Case of Fathers' Rights Groups in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY. The emergence of fathers' rights groups, predominantly composed of men who have been personally affected by child support and custody laws, have been understudied up until this point. This arti- cle, based on 158 in-depth interviews, identifies individual motivations of members who join these groups, as well as their impressions on over- coming obstacles to further growth. Contrary to

Jocelyn Elise Crowley

30

Predicting psychological ripple effects: the role of cultural identity, in-group/out-group identification, and attributions of blame in crisis communication.  

PubMed

Incidents of intentional food contamination can produce ripple effects in consumers such as reduced trust and increased anxiety. In their postcrisis communication, food companies often direct the blame at the perpetrator in an effort to mitigate potential losses and regain consumer trust. The attempt to placate consumers may, in itself, potentially create psychological ripple effects in message readers. This study examined the interacting influence of two message characteristics: identity of the perpetrator of the crime (in-group/out-group membership), and the attribution of blame (reason why the perpetrator committed the crime), with message receiver characteristic (cultural identity) on psychological ripple effects such as blame, trust, anxiety, and future purchase intention. Results indicated that although group membership of the perpetrator was not significant in predicting outcomes for the organization, the attribution communicated in the message was. American message receivers blamed the organization more and trusted it less when personal dispositional attributions were made about the perpetrator. Asian message receivers blamed the organization more and trusted it less when situational attributions were made about the perpetrator. Lowered trust in the company and increased anxiety correlated with lower purchase intent for both American and Asian message receivers. Implications for crisis message design are discussed. PMID:22050442

Anagondahalli, Deepa; Turner, Monique Mitchell

2012-04-01

31

Canonical Wnt Pathway Inhibitor ICG-001 Induces Cytotoxicity of Multiple Myeloma Cells in Wnt-Independent Manner  

PubMed Central

Canonical Wnt signaling has been implicated in the regulation of multiple myeloma (MM) growth. Here, we investigated whether the targeting of this pathway with a novel pharmacological inhibitor ICG-001 would result in an anti-tumor effect and improvement of chemosensitivity in MM. As expected, ICG-001 specifically down-regulated ?-catenin/TCF-mediated transcription in MM cells. Treatment with ICG-001 resulted in growth arrest and apoptosis in MM cell lines and primary MM cells. Moreover, ICG-001 enhanced the cytotoxic effects of doxorubicin and melphalan and abrogated chemoresistance of MM cells to these chemotherapeutics induced by bone marrow stroma. The cytotoxic effect of ICG-001 was caspase-dependent and mediated through transcriptional up-regulation of BH3-only pro-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family Noxa and Puma but not through inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling. ICG-001 selectively induced apoptosis in primary MM cells but did not affect non-MM cells of the bone marrow microenvironment. Experiments using a xenograft model of MM showed substantial anti-tumor effects of this compound in vivo. Thus, our study demonstrated that the small molecule inhibitor ICG-001 has strong anti-MM effects and could be developed further for therapeutic intervention in this disease. PMID:25635944

Grigson, Eileen R.; Ozerova, Maria; Pisklakova, Alexandra; Liu, Hao; Sullivan, Daniel M.; Nefedova, Yulia

2015-01-01

32

Canonical Wnt pathway inhibitor ICG-001 induces cytotoxicity of multiple myeloma cells in Wnt-independent manner.  

PubMed

Canonical Wnt signaling has been implicated in the regulation of multiple myeloma (MM) growth. Here, we investigated whether the targeting of this pathway with a novel pharmacological inhibitor ICG-001 would result in an anti-tumor effect and improvement of chemosensitivity in MM. As expected, ICG-001 specifically down-regulated ?-catenin/TCF-mediated transcription in MM cells. Treatment with ICG-001 resulted in growth arrest and apoptosis in MM cell lines and primary MM cells. Moreover, ICG-001 enhanced the cytotoxic effects of doxorubicin and melphalan and abrogated chemoresistance of MM cells to these chemotherapeutics induced by bone marrow stroma. The cytotoxic effect of ICG-001 was caspase-dependent and mediated through transcriptional up-regulation of BH3-only pro-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family Noxa and Puma but not through inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling. ICG-001 selectively induced apoptosis in primary MM cells but did not affect non-MM cells of the bone marrow microenvironment. Experiments using a xenograft model of MM showed substantial anti-tumor effects of this compound in vivo. Thus, our study demonstrated that the small molecule inhibitor ICG-001 has strong anti-MM effects and could be developed further for therapeutic intervention in this disease. PMID:25635944

Grigson, Eileen R; Ozerova, Maria; Pisklakova, Alexandra; Liu, Hao; Sullivan, Daniel M; Nefedova, Yulia

2015-01-01

33

Combined effects of laser-ICG photothermotherapy and doxorubicin chemotherapy on ovarian cancer cells.  

PubMed

Doxorubicin (DOX) is an anthracycline antibiotic widely used in cancer chemotherapy. Its use is limited by cardiac toxicity and drug resistance. Hyperthermia can aid the functionality of DOX, but current hyperthermia delivery methods are hard to apply selectively and locally. The slow temperature increase associated with the external heating may lead to thermal tolerance in cancer cells. The FDA approved dye indocynine green (ICG) has been demonstrated to absorb near-infrared (NIR) light at 808 nm (ideal for tissue penetration) and emit the energy as heat, making it an ideal agent for localized hyperthermia with a rapid rate of temperature increase. The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vitro cytotoxic effect of combined chemotherapy and hyperthermia to a DOX resistant ovarian cancer cell line (SKOV-3). The effect of two different heating methods, ICG induced rapid rate heating and an incubator induced slow rate heating, were compared. All the experiments were conducted in 96-well plates. Cells were subjected to different concentrations of DOX and 60 min 43 degrees C incubation or 5 microM of ICG with 1 min 808 nm NIR laser. SRB assay was used to measure cell proliferation. ICG itself without laser irradiation was not toxic to SKOV-3 cells. The two types of hyperthermia individually produced similar cytotoxicity. DOX by itself was toxic with an IC(50) value of about 5 microM. Hyperthermia in combination with DOX achieved significantly greater cell killing/growth inhibition at all DOX concentrations compared to DOX alone. A subadditive cytotoxic effect was observed by combining DOX and 60 min 43 degrees C incubation which lead to a lowered DOX IC(50) value of about 1 microM. This value was even lower with 1 min laser-ICG photothermotherapy (0.1 microM) and, though not statistically significant, a synergistic effect may exist between DOX and laser-ICG photothermotherapy. The rate of heating may have an effect on chemotherapy-hyperthermia interaction. In conclusion, the combination of photothermal therapy and chemotherapy may provide a valuable tool for cancer treatment with minimized side effect. PMID:19811928

Tang, Yuan; McGoron, Anthony J

2009-12-01

34

Contrast enhanced high-resolution diffuse optical tomography of the human brain using ICG.  

PubMed

Non-invasive diffuse optical tomography (DOT) of the adult brain has recently been shown to improve the spatial resolution for functional brain imaging applications. Here we show that high-resolution (HR) DOT is also advantageous for clinical perfusion imaging using an optical contrast agent. We present the first HR-DOT results with a continuous wave near infrared spectroscopy setup using a dense grid of optical fibers and indocyanine green (ICG) as an exogenic contrast agent. We find an early arrival of the ICG bolus in the intracerebral tissue and a delayed arrival of the bolus in the extracerebral tissue, achieving the separation of both layers. This demonstrates the method's potential for brain perfusion monitoring in neurointensive care patients. PMID:21935232

Habermehl, Christina; Schmitz, Christoph H; Steinbrink, Jens

2011-09-12

35

In vivo non-ionizing photoacoustic mapping of sentinel lymph nodes and bladders with ICG-enhanced carbon nanotubes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate the feasibility of mapping a sentinel lymph node (SLN) and urinary bladder by using modified single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as a nonionizing photoacoustic (PA) contrast agent. To improve the PA sensitivity, indocyanine green (ICG) was conjugated with SWNTs and the optical absorption of SWNTs-ICG was enhanced by approximately four times compared to that of plain SWNTs at a concentration of 0.3 µM. In vivo PA imaging results showed that the SLN and bladder were clearly visualized due to accumulation of SWNTs-ICG. This implies that the SWNTs-ICG could be potentially utilized to identify SLNs in breast cancer patients and tracking vesicoureteral reflux in combination with PA imaging.

Koo, Jasung; Jeon, Mansik; Oh, Yunok; Kang, Hyun Wook; Kim, Jeehyun; Kim, Chulhong; Oh, Junghwan

2012-12-01

36

Russia's Demographic "Crisis"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Rand Organization has recently made available via the Web the full text of Russia's Demographic "Crisis." "This volume is an outgrowth of a June 5-6, 1995 conference at which a group of Russian demographers presented the results of their pioneering research on Russia's demographic 'crisis' to American colleagues from the Rand Organization, the University of California-Los Angeles, the University of Southern California, and the International Programs Center of the US Bureau of the Census." The six papers that make up the volume deal with two broad categories: "(1) fertility and family planning; and (2) issues in the area of health and mortality--health status, health care, and population aging." The scope of a Russian demographic crisis is hotly debated, as well as "the interrelations between economic reforms and demographic trends in Russia." Russia's Demographic "Crisis" should shed some light on this topic.

1996-01-01

37

Laser-initiated decomposition products of indocyanine green (ICG) and carbon black sensitized biological tissues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organic dyes have found increasing use a s sensitizers in laser surgical procedures, due to their high optical absorbances. Little is known, however, about the nature of the degradation products formed when these dyes are irradiated with a laser. Previous work in our laboratories has shown that irradiation of polymeric and biological tissues with CO2 and Nd:YAG lasers produces a host of volatile and semivolatile by-products, some of which are known to be potential carcinogens. This work focuses on the identification of the chemical by-products formed by diode laser and Nd:YAG laser irradiation of indocyanine green (ICG) and carbon black based ink sensitized tissues, including bone, tendon and sheep's teeth. Samples were mounted in a 0.5-L Pyrex sample chamber equipped with quartz optical windows, charcoal filtered air inlet and an outlet attached to an appropriate sample trap and a constant flow pump. By-products were analyzed by GC/MS and HPLC. Volatiles identified included benzene and formaldehyde. Semi-volatiles included traces of polycyclic aromatics, arising from the biological matrix and inks, as well as fragments of ICG and the carbon ink components. The significance of these results will be discussed, including the necessity of using appropriate evacuation devices when utilizing lasers for surgical procedures.

Kokosa, John M.; Przyjazny, Andrzej; Bartels, Kenneth E.; Motamedi, Massoud; Hayes, Donald J.; Wallace, David B.; Frederickson, Christopher J.

1997-05-01

38

Reuter, C., Heger, O., Pipek, V. (2012): Social Media for Supporting Emergent Groups in Crisis Management. In: Proceedings of the CSCW Workshop on  

E-print Network

causes an increasing use of internet-based platforms in crisis situations. Our work intends to show how quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis of a tornado crisis in the USA enables a closer look

2012-01-01

39

Preparing for a Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To handle unforeseen crises, Albuquerque Public Schools established a critical-incident response team with a simple, understandable chain of command. The group aims to ensure maximum safety and people' well-being, develop a districtwide crisis-response-management plan, coordinate necessary training, and collaborate with community agencies…

Perea, Rosalie D.; Morrison, Shirley

1997-01-01

40

ICG 2000 Amsterdam Glass in the new Millennium Absorption Spectra of Iron and Water in Silicate Glasses  

E-print Network

]. This glass composition is similar to the standard float glass used in the glass industry, mol.%: 13Na2O-10Ca as sodium nitrate or oxygen was bubbled through the liquid glass in the furnace. Absorption spectra wereICG 2000 Amsterdam ­ Glass in the new Millennium Absorption Spectra of Iron and Water in Silicate

Glebov, Leon

41

Indocyanine green (ICG) as a new adjuvant for the antimicrobial photo-dynamic therapy (aPDT) in dentistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Clinical surveys show a continuous increase of antimicrobial resistance related to the frequency of the administrated medication. The antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) is an effective adjuvant to reduce the need of antibiotics in dentistry, especially in periodontics. The antimicrobial effect of lightactivated photosensitizers in periodontics is demonstrated in clinical studies and case reports. Indocyanine green (ICG) as a new adjuvant shows the high potential of antiphlogistic and antimicrobial effects in combination with laser-light activation. In trying to answer the question of just how far the influence of temperature is acting on bacteria, this study was carried out. The influences of ICG at different concentrations (0.01 up to 1 mg/ml) in combination with a culture medium (brain-heart-infusion) and a bacteria culture (Streptococcus salivarius) at different optical densities (OD600 0.5 and 0.1) were investigated under laser-light activation. Laser activation was carried out with diode laser at 810 nm and two different power settings (100 mW/300 mW). The pulse repetition rate was 2 kHz. Taking account of the fiber diameter, distance and spot size on the sample surface, the applicated intensities were 6.2 and 18.7 W/cm2. Total irradiation time was 20 s for all meaurements. Transmitted laser power and temperature increase in the culture medium as well as in the bacteria culture were determined. Additionally the influence of ICG regarding bacterial growth and bactericidal effect was investigated in the bacteria culture without laser irradiation. Without laser, no bactericidal effect of ICG was observed. Only a bacteriostatic effect could be proved. In dependence of the ICG concentration and the applied intensities a temperature increase of ?T up to 80°C was measured.

Meister, Joerg; Hopp, Michael; Schäfers, Johannes; Verbeek, Jonas; Kraus, Dominik; Frentzen, Matthias

2014-02-01

42

The Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Crisis is the official magazine of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and it was founded by W.E.B. Du Bois in 1910. The title of the magazine is taken from a poem by James Russell Lowell titled "The Present Crisis". In his first editorial written for the magazine, Du Bois remarked that "its editorial page will stand for the rights of men, irrespective of color or race, for the highest ideals of American democracy, and for reasonable but earnest and persistent attempts to gain these rights and realize these ideals." Today, The Crisis continues as a current-affairs journal, and a recent digitization project sponsored by Google has made the complete run of the publication available here. As with many other digitized books and magazines on Google Books, visitors can browse through each issue or perform a more detailed keyword search across the entire collection.

43

Crisis Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents summaries of four articles relevant to school crisis response. The first article, "Peritraumatic Dissociation Predicts Posttraumatic Stress in Youth Following Accidents" summarized by Jim Matthews, suggests that peritraumatic dissociation is a powerful predictor of PTSD symptoms among youth who have been in a car accident. The…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

2011-01-01

44

Crisis Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, most school districts spend anywhere from one to thirteen dollars per student repairing damage caused by vandals. Yerba Buena High School, in San Jose, California, spends less than one thousand dollars per year total, and attributes this success to a project called "Crisis Counseling". (RW)

Neill, Shirley Boes

1977-01-01

45

Ebola crisis.  

PubMed

The Ebola outbreak in 2014 marked the first time that an epidemic of the viral haemorrhagic fever had occurred in West Africa. From its origin in Guinea, the outbreak spread rapidly to become a humanitarian crisis affecting all aspects of life in the three countries worst affected: Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. PMID:25746883

2015-03-01

46

Does a quarterlife crisis exist?  

PubMed

In this study, the authors examined quarterlife crisis, defined in the popular press as an identity crisis that leaves recent college graduates depressed, anxious, and full of doubt. To determine if a unique crisis exists, 4 groups of young adults (recent high school [n = 23] and college [n = 117] graduates in the workforce, present undergraduate [n = 75], and graduate [n = 57] students) completed self-report measures assessing identity development, future time perspective, social support, coping, depression, anxiety, and job and life satisfaction. No support was found for a quarterlife crisis among these 4 groups. Working high school graduates displayed the highest anxiety, followed by present undergraduates. Depression was predicted by family support and identity commitment. Job satisfaction was associated with income and support from friends. Life satisfaction was associated with income, social support from friends and family, and identity commitment. PMID:21675544

Rossi, Nicole E; Mebert, Carolyn J

2011-01-01

47

Intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green-videoangiography (ICG-VA) and graphic analysis of fluorescence intensity in cerebral aneurysm surgery.  

PubMed

We present our preliminary experience with intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green-videoangiography (ICG-VA) and analysis of blood flow dynamics using fluorescence intensity assessment in cerebral aneurysm clipping surgery. Thirty-nine patients with 43 intracranial aneurysms underwent microsurgical clipping. Intraoperative ICG-VA was performed before and after clip application. An infrared fluorescence module integrated into a surgical microscope was used to visualize fluorescence in the surgical field and we recorded the emitted fluorescent light. An integrated analytical visualization tool simultaneously analyzed the video sequence and converted it into an intensity diagram, which allowed an objective evaluation of the results rather than the subjective assessment of fluorescence using ICG-VA. Overall, ICG-VA was performed 137 times. Incomplete clipping was detected in four patients, which allowed suitable adjustment to completely obliterate the aneurysm. In 12 patients, perforators arising close to, or from, the aneurysmal neck were identified in the surgical field. In three patients, the ICG-VA intensity diagram provided valuable information leading to modification of the primary surgical maneuver. ICG-VA provides high resolution images allowing real-time assessment of the blood flow in the parent artery and arterial branches, including the perforators. The intensity diagram is useful for providing a more objective record of the hemodynamics than the traditional ICG-VA, which relies more on subjective assessment and may allow interobserver variability. We conclude that ICG-VA, combined with the intensity diagram, can reduce the morbidity and complications associated with aneurysm clipping and improve patient outcomes. PMID:21715173

Oda, Jumpei; Kato, Yoko; Chen, S F; Sodhiya, Paresh; Watabe, T; Imizu, S; Oguri, D; Sano, H; Hirose, Y

2011-08-01

48

Lunar phases and crisis center telephone calls.  

PubMed

The lunar hypothesis, that is, the notion that lunar phases can directly affect human behavior, was tested by time-series analysis of 4,575 crisis center telephone calls (all calls recorded for a 6-month interval). As expected, the lunar hypothesis was not supported. The 28-day lunar cycle accounted for less than 1% of the variance of the frequency of crisis center calls. Also, as hypothesized from an attribution theory framework, crisis center workers reported significantly greater belief in lunar effects than a non-crisis-center-worker comparison group. PMID:2325400

Wilson, J E; Tobacyk, J J

1990-02-01

49

Crisis in Feminism: The United States and France.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Feminism is experiencing a similar dual crisis in the United States and France. One aspect of this crisis, the movement's alignment with other groups, is destructive, inevitably leading to the subordination of women's issues to "human" issues. The other dimension of the crisis, internal differences, is potentially creative, offering the…

Hogsett, Charlotte

50

Knowledge management: the missing link in DMO crisis management?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite some recognition of the role of destination marketing organisations (DMOs) in crisis management, limited attention has focused on the role of DMOs in crisis events, and in particular their role in managing knowledge across diverse stakeholder groups and domains. This theoretical paper attempts to address this deficiency by synthesising knowledge management and tourism crisis management literature, to outline the

Deborah Blackman; Monica Kennedy; Brent Ritchie

2011-01-01

51

Time-resolved detection of fluorescent light during inflow of ICG to the brain—a methodological study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It was reported that time-resolved reflectance measurements carried out during inflow and washout of an optical contrast agent may provide information on the blood supply to the brain cortex of human adults. It was also shown that a measurement of fluorescence excited in the dye circulating in the brain is feasible. Unfortunately, patterns of time-resolved fluorescence signals observed during in vivo measurements are difficult to interpret. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of several factors on the fluorescence signals measured during in vivo experiments. A laboratory instrument for recording the distributions of arrival of fluorescence photons was constructed and optimized for measurements on humans. Monte Carlo simulations and laboratory measurements on liquid phantoms as well as in vivo measurements on healthy volunteers were carried out. An influence of source-detector separation, position of the source-detector pair on the head, as well as a dose of the injected indocyanine green (ICG) on the fluorescence signals were studied in detail. It was shown that even for a small dose of ICG (0.025 mg kg-1) the time-resolved signals can be successfully detected on the surface of the head. Strong influence of the studied factors on the fluorescence signals was observed. It was also noted that the changes in moments of distributions of arrival times of fluorescence photons depend on the anatomical structure of the tissues located between the source and the detector.

Milej, Daniel; Gerega, Anna; ?o?ek, Norbert; Weigl, Wojciech; Kacprzak, Micha?; Sawosz, Piotr; M?czewska, Joanna; Fronczewska, Katarzyna; Mayzner-Zawadzka, Ewa; Królicki, Leszek; Maniewski, Roman; Liebert, Adam

2012-10-01

52

In vivo comparison of kinetics of saline and ICG for the detection of normal and tumor tissue using NIR diffuse optical technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigated the kinetics of a bolus intravenous administrated normal saline by using near-infrared diffuse optical technique, and compared it with the kinetics of a non-targeted contrast agent indocyanine green (ICG) on small animal tumor model. Two-compartment model was used to fit the dynamic curves at early stage, which considered saline and ICG as either a negative or positive contrast agent. The purposes of the designed experiment reported here are to (1) study the effect of saline administration on optical pharmacokinetics; (2) investigate the possibility of using normal saline as contrast agent for the study of tumor pathophysiology. The study indicates that saline has different contrast mechanism as ICG, and saline can provide enough optical contrast for the tumor kinetic study.

Liu, Ning; Nalcioglu, Orhan; Gulsen, Gultekin

2011-03-01

53

GeoCollaborative: Crisis Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The GeoCollaborative brings together researchers interested in finding ways to develop information science and technology to support crisis management. Managing crisis events, such as hurricanes, forest fires, disease outbreaks, chemical spills, and terrorist attacks, involves gathering "geospatial information about the event itself, its causes, the people and infrastructure affected, resources available to respond, and more." The research team addresses "two fundamental problems that impede effective coordinated work with geospatial information." Working from a cognitive systems engineering approach, the group is developing geospatial information and technologies to address these challenges. The website provides an overview of GeoCollaborative's approach and a few selected publications.

54

Crisis Management: Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents summaries of three studies relevant to school crisis response. The first report, "A Framework for International Crisis Intervention" (Sally Dorman), is a review of how existing crisis intervention models (including the NASP PREPaRE model) have been adapted for international use. The second article, "Responding…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Dorman, Sally; Anderson, Luke; McNair, Daniel

2013-01-01

55

Images for Crisis Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most take canoeing, leadership, first aid, CPR and other courses to help cope when something happens, but there is more to dealing with crisis than learning proper procedures and techniques. Three areas of concern interlock to form the Crisis Management Triangle: knowledge and skill, preventive awareness, and crisis management planning. (ERB)

Raffan, James

1984-01-01

56

Korea: The misunderstood crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article argues, against the conventional wisdom, that the current Korean crisis is a crisis from underregulation, rather than from overregulation. It argues that ill-managed financial liberalization, abandonment of investment coordination, and poor exchange rate management were the underlying causes of the crisis. It then argues that, while certain structural changes made such policy shifts somewhat inevitable, there were also

Ha-Joon Chang

1998-01-01

57

When a Crisis Strikes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urges Catholic educators to develop a crisis communication plan to ensure that all communication with the press and public is handled promptly and thoroughly by a designated spokesperson. Describes workshops which simulate real-life challenges as a means of testing crisis management plans. Offers guidelines for the development of a crisis

Keebler, Barbara A.

1989-01-01

58

Simulation of 'pathologic' changes in ICG waveforms resulting from superposition of the 'preejection' and ejection waves induced by left ventricular contraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The impedance cardiography (ICG) is widely used for beat-to-beat noninvasive evaluation of the left ventricular stroke volume and contractility. It implies the correct determination of the ejection start and end points and the amplitudes of certain peaks in the differentiated impedance cardiogram. An accurate identification of ejection onset by ICG is often problematic, especially in the cardiologic patients, due to peculiar waveforms. Using a simple theoretical model, we tested the hypothesis that two major processes are responsible for the formation of impedance systolic wave: (1) the changes in the heart geometry and surrounding vessels produced by ventricular contraction, which occur during the isovolumic phase and precede ejection, and (2) expansion of aorta and adjacent arteries during the ejection phase. The former process initiates the preejection wave WpE and the latter triggers the ejection wave WEj. The model predicts a potential mechanism of generating the abnormal shapes of dZ/dt due to the presence of preejection waves and explains the related errors in ICG time and amplitude parameters. An appropriate decomposition method is a promising way to avoid the masking effects of these waves and a further step to correct determination of the onset of ejection and the corresponding peak amplitudes from 'pathologically shaped' ICG signals.

Ermishkin, V. V.; Kolesnikov, V. A.; Lukoshkova, E. V.; Sonina, R. S.

2013-04-01

59

Crisis Communication and Management: Surviving a Public Relations Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis management, or crisis communication, is never a good thing for a business to experience. It is, however, a public relations' professional moment to shine and put their honed skills to good use. A good crisis management plan is not only action during the crisis but preparation and reflection. Hiring a PR firm that deals with crisis

Eramo, Eric M.

2009-01-01

60

The Book of Chemical Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a crisis management model that effectively bridges the areas of substance abuse and crisis intervention. A crisis alternatives model which can be incorporated into drug counseling programs is discussed, along with a four-step crisis intervention plan for use by crisis workers that includes: (1) establishing rapport; (2)…

Sours, Floyd P.

61

Modeling of Economy Considering Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss main modeling's problems of economy dynamic processes and the reason forecast's absence of economic crisis. We present a structure of complexity level of system and models and discuss expected results concerning crisis phenomena. We formulate the basic perspective directions of the mathematical modeling of economy, including possibility of the analysis of the pre crisis, crisis and post crisis phenomena in economic systems.

Petrov, Lev F.

2009-09-01

62

Improving drug accumulation and photothermal efficacy in tumor depending on size of ICG loaded lipid-polymer nanoparticles.  

PubMed

A key challenge to strengthen anti-tumor efficacy is to improve drug accumulation in tumors through size control. To explore the biodistribution and tumor accumulation of nanoparticles, we developed indocyanine green (ICG) loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) -lecithin-polyethylene glycol (PEG) core-shell nanoparticles (INPs) with 39 nm, 68 nm and 116 nm via single-step nanoprecipitation. These INPs exhibited good monodispersity, excellent fluorescence and size stability, and enhanced temperature response after laser irradiation. Through cell uptake and photothermal efficiency in vitro, we demonstrated that 39 nm INPs were more easily be absorbed by pancreatic carcinoma tumor cells (BxPC-3) and showed better photothermal damage than that of 68 nm and 116 nm size of INPs. Simultaneously, the fluorescence of INPs offered a real-time imaging monitor for subcellular locating and in vivo metabolic distribution. Near-infrared imaging in vivo and photothermal therapy illustrated that 68 nm INPs showed the strongest efficiency to suppress tumor growth due to abundant accumulation in BxPC-3 xenograft tumor model. The findings revealed that a nontoxic, size-dependent, theranostic INPs model was built for in vivo cancer imaging and photothermal therapy without adverse effect. PMID:24776486

Zhao, Pengfei; Zheng, Mingbin; Yue, Caixia; Luo, Zhenyu; Gong, Ping; Gao, Guanhui; Sheng, Zonghai; Zheng, Cuifang; Cai, Lintao

2014-07-01

63

Knowledge communication: a key to successful crisis management.  

PubMed

A winning concept of crisis management can be summarized in 2 words: knowledge communication. If decision makers, communicators, experts, and the public understand what the crisis is about and share their knowledge, the process of handling it will be optimized. Effective crisis communication implies the necessity of an unhindered but purposeful exchange of information within and between authorities, organizations, media, involved individuals, and groups before, during, and after a crisis. This article focuses on the importance of the before, or prevention, part of a crisis since it holds a rich possibility to enhance the chances for successful crisis management of a bioterrorism incident. An extended perspective on crisis communication efficiently links to a more thorough understanding of risk perception with various stakeholders and the public, which also will be helpful for situational awareness. Furthermore, the grounded baseline for the dialogue type of crisis communication suitable in modern society and to modern social media is achieved by linking to those risk communication efforts that are made. The link between risk and crisis should be afforded more attention since, especially in biosecurity, there would be no crisis without risk negligence and poor or malfunctioning preventive efforts. PMID:23971816

Johansson, Anders; Härenstam, Malin

2013-09-01

64

Creativity in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests that educational resources and opportunities currently in operation in rural Australia are brought forward during times of crisis. The paper discusses five aspects of education in rural Australia that are a response to the perceived sense of crisis and that have improved the general and comparative quality of rural education,…

Roff, Glenn

65

Usage of invisible near infrared light (NIR) fluorescence with indocyanine green (ICG) and methylene blue (MB) in urological oncology. Part 1  

PubMed Central

Introduction Near infrared (NIR) technology has recently garnered much interest as a tool for intraoperative image–guided surgery in various surgical sub–disciplines. In urology, although nascent, NIR technology is also fostering much enthusiasm. This review discusses the two major fluorophores, indocyanine green (ICG) and methlyene blue (MB), with NIR guidance in experimental and clinical urology. The authors aim to illustrate and analyze the currently available initial studies to better understand the potential and practicability of NIR–guided imaging in the diagnosis and surgical outcome improvement. In the first part of the study we analyzed problems associated with sentinel lymph node biopsy, NIR–guided detection and imaging of tumors. Material and methods PubMed and Medline databases were searched for ICG and MB use in urological settings, along with data published in abstracts of urological conferences. Results Although NIR–guided ICG and MB are still in their initial phases, there have been significant developments in major domains of urology, including uro–oncological surgery: 1) sentinel lymph node biopsy, 2) detection and imaging of tumors Conclusions Much like in other fields of surgical medicine, the application of NIR technology in urology is at its early stages. Therefore, more studies are needed to assess the true potential and limitations of the technology. However, initial developments hint towards a pioneering tool that may influence various aspects of urology. PMID:25140227

Markuszewski, Marcin; Rho, Young Soo; Matuszewski, Marcin

2014-01-01

66

Single-step assembly of DOX/ICG loaded lipid--polymer nanoparticles for highly effective chemo-photothermal combination therapy.  

PubMed

A combination of chemotherapy and photothermal therapy has emerged as a promising strategy for cancer therapy. To ensure the chemotherapeutic drug and photothermal agent could be simultaneously delivered to a tumor region to exert their synergistic effect, a safe and efficient delivery system is highly desirable. Herein, we fabricated doxorubicin (DOX) and indocyanine green (ICG) loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-lecithin-polyethylene glycol (PEG) nanoparticles (DINPs) using a single-step sonication method. The DINPs exhibited good monodispersity, excellent fluorescence/size stability, and consistent spectra characteristics compared with free ICG or DOX. Moreover, the DINPs showed higher temperature response, faster DOX release under laser irradiation, and longer retention time in tumor. In the meantime, the fluorescence of DOX and ICG in DINPs was also visualized for the process of subcellular location in vitro and metabolic distribution in vivo. In comparison with chemo or photothermal treatment alone, the combined treatment of DINPs with laser irradiation synergistically induced the apoptosis and death of DOX-sensitive MCF-7 and DOX-resistant MCF-7/ADR cells, and suppressed MCF-7 and MCF-7/ADR tumor growth in vivo. Notably, no tumor recurrence was observed after only a single dose of DINPs with laser irradiation. Hence, the well-defined DINPs exhibited great potential in targeting cancer imaging and chemo-photothermal therapy. PMID:23413798

Zheng, Mingbin; Yue, Caixia; Ma, Yifan; Gong, Ping; Zhao, Pengfei; Zheng, Cuifang; Sheng, Zonghai; Zhang, Pengfei; Wang, Zhaohui; Cai, Lintao

2013-03-26

67

Crisis communication: Perspectives of stakeholders in the housing crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing crisis is one of the most significant social problems the United States has faced since the recession of the early 1990s, and indeed has been called the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. American homeowners faced this cataclysmic crisis which changed the landscape of homeownership in the United States. The 2006-current housing crisis forced many homeowners to

Angelica G Ruvarac

2010-01-01

68

Lay perception Crisis 1 Running head: Lay perception Financial Crisis  

E-print Network

Lay perception Crisis 1 Running head: Lay perception Financial Crisis Human Foibles or Systemic Failure -- Lay Perceptions of the 2008-09 Financial Crisis David Leiser Ben-Gurion University Sacha-39" #12;Lay perception Crisis 2 Abstract We examined lay perceptions of the recent financial and economic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

69

Husserl's Crisis as a crisis of psychology.  

PubMed

This paper places Husserl's mature work, The Crisis of the European Sciences, in the context of his engagement with--and critique of--experimental psychology at the time. I begin by showing (a) that Husserl accorded psychology a crucial role in his philosophy, i.e., that of providing a scientific analysis of subjectivity, and (b) that he viewed contemporary psychology--due to its naturalism--as having failed to pursue this goal in the appropriate manner. I then provide an analysis of Husserl's views about naturalism and scientific philosophy. Some central themes of the Crisis are traced back to Husserl's earlier work and to his relationship with his teacher, Franz Brentano, with whom he disagreed about the status of "inner perception" as the proper scientific method for a phenomenological analysis. The paper then shows that Husserl was well aware of at least one publication about the crisis of psychology (Bühler's 1927 book), and it teases out some aspects of the complicated relationship between Husserl and members of the Würzburg School of thought psychology: The latter had drawn on Husserl's writings, but Husserl felt that they had misunderstood his central thesis. I conclude by placing Husserl's work in the wider context of scientific, cultural, and political crisis-discourses at the time. PMID:22520198

Feest, Uljana

2012-06-01

70

Vermont School Crisis Guide, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2004 Vermont School Crisis Guide has been revised to improve its use by School Crisis Teams and Public Safety Committees. The Guide is now organized by roles so users can quickly locate their responsibilities in a crisis. The Crisis Guide pages can be used to document pertinent information (time, witnesses) immediately after an emergency…

Vermont Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

71

Veterans Crisis Line  

MedlinePLUS

... access/activate the submenu links. Enter your search text Button to start search site map [a-z] ... online at www.VeteransCrisisLine.net , or send a text message to 838255 to receive free, confidential support ...

72

Bushmeat Crisis Task Force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site is the homepage of the Bushmeat Crisis Task Force (BCTF), a nonprofit organization that works toward "identifying and implementing effective and appropriate solutions to the commercial exploitation of endangered and threatened species." In addition to providing information on BCTF projects and upcoming events, the Web site offers a comprehensive collection of articles meant to raise awareness of the bushmeat crisis, as well as a number of fact sheets, each covering a specific aspect of the bushmeat trade.

73

Surgical Crisis Management Skills Training and Assessment  

PubMed Central

Background: Intraoperative surgical crisis management is learned in an unstructured manner. In aviation, simulation training allows aircrews to coordinate and standardize recovery strategies. Our aim was to develop a surgical crisis simulation and evaluate its feasibility, realism, and validity of the measures used to assess performance. Methods: Surgical trainees were exposed to a bleeding crisis in a simulated operating theater. Assessment of performance consisted of a trainee’s technical ability to control the bleeding and of their team/human factors skills. This assessment was performed in a blinded manner by 2 surgeons and one human factors expert. Other measures consisted of time measures such as time to diagnose the bleeding (TD), inform team members (TT), achieve control (TC), and close the laceration (TL). Blood loss was used as a surrogate outcome measures. Results: There were considerable variations within both senior (n = 10) and junior (n = 10) trainees for technical and team skills. However, while the senior trainees scored higher than the juniors for technical skills (P = 0.001), there were no differences in human factors skills. There were also significant differences between the 2 groups for TD (P = 0.01), TC (P = 0.001), and TL (0.001). The blood loss was higher in the junior group. Conclusions: We have described the development of a novel simulated setting for the training of crisis management skills and the variability in performance both in between and within the 2 groups. PMID:16794399

Moorthy, Krishna; Munz, Yaron; Forrest, Damien; Pandey, Vikas; Undre, Shabnam; Vincent, Charles; Darzi, Ara

2006-01-01

74

ICG-liver test versus new biomarkers as prognostic markers for prolonged length of stay in critically ill patients - a prospective study of accuracy for prediction of length of stay in the ICU  

PubMed Central

Background Prognostic abilities of medical parameters, which are scoring systems, measurements and biomarkers, are important for stratifying critically ill patients. Indocyanine green plasma disappearance (ICG-PDR) is an established clinical tool for the assessment of liver perfusion and function. Copeptin, MR-proANP and pro-ADM are biomarkers whose prognostic value is still unclear. The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate ICG-PDR, copeptin, MR-proANP and pro-ADM to predict prolonged length of stay (pLOS) in the ICU. Methods This study was conducted as a prospective single center study including 110 consecutively admitted ICU patients. Primary endpoint was prolonged length of stay (pLOS) in the ICU, defined as more than three days of stay there. Results ROC analysis showed an AUC of 0.73 for ICG-PDR, 0.70 for SAPS II, 0.65 for MR-proANP, 0.64 for pro-ADM and 0.54 for copeptin for pLOS in the ICU. Conclusions The prediction of pLOS in the ICU might be better by means of ICG-PDR than with the new biomarkers copeptin, MR-proANP or pro-ADM. Nevertheless, there is more need for research to evaluate whether ICG-PDR is an overall prognostic marker for pLOS. Trial registration (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01126554). PMID:25045579

2014-01-01

75

Implementing a Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Police Presence in a Large International Airport Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents findings from two focus groups involving nine Crisis Intervention Team (CIT)-trained officers stationed at a large, international airport. The objective was to uncover themes that could inform crisis intervention approaches in special settings. The focus groups described officers’ motivations for participating in CIT and perceived benefits of CIT training. Additionally, the groups discussed special issues pertaining to

Joanne A. McGriff; Beth Broussard; Berivan N. Demir Neubert; Nancy J. Thompson; Michael T. Compton

2010-01-01

76

West Pharmaceutical's explosion: structuring crisis discourse knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

A crisis can place an organization and its stakeholders at risk for significant losses. Crisis management has emerged as a means to reduce those losses. Crisis response strategies, what the organization says and does after a crisis, are critical resources in crisis management. It is not surprising that crisis response has emerged as a vibrant research area. The focus of

W. Timothy Coombs

2004-01-01

77

Tigers in Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This artful Tigers in Crisis website was produced by long-time journalist and conservationist Craig Kasnoff to educate people about tigers and the global factors threatening their survival as a species. The site provides information about the tiger crisis, their status in the wild, solutions, and more. Site visitors can also learn about three endangered tiger subspecies -- Bengal, Siberian, and Sumatran -- through information, photos, and videos. Additionally, this site provides visitors access to free endangered tiger photos and images for educational, non-profit, and personal use.

Kasnoff, Craig

78

The superpowers in crisis  

SciTech Connect

The author discusses how the domestic political, economic, and socio-cultural problems afflicting the US and the USSR may threaten the security of each country and jeopardize world peace. Contents (partial): The Soviet Union in Crisis: An economy in crisis; A minority in their ''own country;'' Eastern Europe: An asset or liability; What is to be done.; The American Predicament: American liberalism; Ronald Reagan and the conservative counter-reformation; Taking stock; International Implications; Domestic strife; implications for the superpower rivalry; Global economic disorder and the American predicament; Conclusions.

Krickus, R.J.

1987-01-01

79

School Crisis Preparedness and Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dealing with the impact of crisis on school children and staff is not the primary mission of schools. Therefore, many schools remain unprepared to respond to a crisis affecting students and staff. Too often they respond to each successive crisis in a reflexive manner with little preplanned coordination or structure. This workshop provides an…

Schonfeld, David J.; Newgass, Scott

80

When Crisis Strikes on Campus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook aids in planning for effective crisis communication at institutions of higher education. The book opens with a behind-the-scenes look at a particular crisis--the 1990 murders of five students at the University of Florida. This first section offers tested advice from a campus communicator, an account of the crisis and the…

Larson, Wendy Ann, Ed.

81

Keeping Cool in a Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools are able to avoid disasters by creating a strong, deliberate crisis plan and knowing how to implement it effectively. Good crisis preparedness requires leadership from the top, a critical mass of trained staff members, careful planning, and excellent communication. This article discusses how to prepare for a crisis.

Padgett, Raven

2006-01-01

82

Balkans Program: Publications Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These reports from the International Crisis Group (ICG) provide information about the volatile socio-political situation in the South Balkans, specifically in the nations of Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia.

83

Crisis in the Cafeteria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because schools are entrusted with children's safety, any crisis (particularly food poisoning) affecting that inviolable trust is fodder for a ravenous media. Proactive school business officials and food-service personnel work together to publicize the school nutrition department's good work. Communicating clearly and assigning a food-service…

White, Patrick

1998-01-01

84

Reefs in Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online article, from "The Biodiversity Crisis: Losing What Counts", walks students through the risks humans pose to the survival of coral reefs and conservation efforts. It discusses the forces behind damage to the reefs and recent protection efforts, including the creation of sanctuaries, good land management, and public awareness campaigns.

85

Crisis Counseling: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychologists working in schools are often the first contacts for children experiencing a potentially traumatizing event or change in status. This article reviews basic concepts in crisis counseling and describes the components of psychological first aid. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as…

Sandoval, Jonathan; Scott, Amy Nicole; Padilla, Irene

2009-01-01

86

Crisis Management Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a summary of recent crisis management publications. The first research report summarized, "Predictors of PTSD," was a study of predictor variables for responses to the World Trade Center attack. The second paper, "Effective Mental Health Response to Catastrophic Events," looked at effective responses following Hurricane…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Zhe, Elizabeth; Torem, Chris; Comeaux, Natashia; Dempsey, Allison

2010-01-01

87

Cuban Missile Crisis Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These documents chronicle the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis. On October 15, 1962, the Soviet Union was discovered attempting to install nuclear missiles in Cuba. These missiles would have been capable of quickly reaching the United States. President Kennedy responded with a naval blockade. After several days of increasing tensions, the Soviet Union finally agreed to remove the missiles.

Christopher Griffith

88

Economic Crisis in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sub-Saharan Africa is facing deep economic crisis. A situation has reached where there is total stagnation with zero per cent growth rate and no hope of recovery. Hunger is hovering over vast areas of Africa threatening the lives of 150 million people and every day people are dying of starvation. It is said, that nature and international economic relations are

Vijay Gupta

1985-01-01

89

Family in Crisis  

MedlinePLUS

... to communicate that we feel safe through our body language and tone may be more important than our exact words. In the face of a crisis, gather the family in the part of your ... stress that our bodies communicate, watch whether we follow routines, and see ...

90

The Phony Funding Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If one relies on newspaper headlines for education funding information, one might conclude that America's schools suffer from a perpetual fiscal crisis, every year perched precariously on the brink of financial ruin, never knowing whether there will be sufficient funding to continue operating. Budgetary shortfalls, school district bankruptcies,…

Guthrie, James W.; Peng, Arthur

2010-01-01

91

The 2015 Debt Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the London G20 Summit, participants reaffirmed their commitment to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to increasing official development assistance (ODA). This aid will be important in helping the poorest countries meet the MDGs that were agreed before the crisis, but it will probably be insufficient to tackle the additional problems caused by the current economic downturn. (...)

Paul Ladd

2009-01-01

92

Coping with Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School officials put a crisis communications plan into action after two Ohio students died and a third became critically ill from meningitis in May 2001. A mass immunization program prevented a major outbreak, and rumor control helped calm the public's fears. Recounts things learned from the experience. (MLF)

Akenhead, James; Andreani, Alan

2002-01-01

93

Memories of Crisis: Bohr, Kuhn, and the Quantum Mechanical ``Revolution''  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

``The history of science, to my knowledge,'' wrote Thomas Kuhn, describing the years just prior to the development of matrix and wave mechanics, ``offers no equally clear, detailed, and cogent example of the creative functions of normal science and crisis.'' By 1924, most quantum theorists shared a sense that there was much wrong with all extant atomic models. Yet not all shared equally in the sense that the failure was either terribly surprising or particularly demoralizing. Not all agreed, that is, that a crisis for Bohr-like models was a crisis for quantum theory. This paper attempts to answer four questions: two about history, two about memory. First, which sub-groups of the quantum theoretical community saw themselves and their field in a state of crisis in the early 1920s? Second, why did they do so, and how was a sense of crisis related to their theoretical practices in physics? Third, do we regard the years before 1925 as a crisis because they were followed by the quantum mechanical revolution? And fourth, to reverse the last question, were we to call into the question the existence of a crisis (for some at least) does that make a subsequent revolution less revolutionary?

Seth, Suman

2013-04-01

94

Establishing Media Partnerships in Crisis Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prominent crisis communication researchers have suggested that practitioners should work with the media as partners when managing a crisis (Ulmer, Sellnow, & Seeger, 2007). This study provides an example of a crisis case in which the media was embraced as a partner in the crisis response. Specifically, the partnership established with the media as part of the crisis response following

Shari R. Veil; Francisco Ojeda

2010-01-01

95

Global Water Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As mentioned in this Web site -- a free Web Focus from the journal Nature -- over one billion people in the world already lack access to clean water, a crisis that will only intensify as the global population swells and freshwater resource continue to dwindle. Nature offers an analysis of the situation with news stories, features and editorials, interactive graphics, and an archived article from the journal.

2003-01-01

96

Grouping  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive Flash applet models the measurement interpretation of division. A child or teacher chooses a total number of objects and a divisor representing the size of equal groups. The applet allows the user to move the objects into equal groups and links the process to jumps on a number line. The applet can be used to introduce children to remainders and to reinforce the language and notation of division. It works well on an interactive white board or projector. A teacher's guide to this collection of applets is cataloged separately.

2006-01-01

97

Crisis events in tourism: subjects of crisis in tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial and economic downturn that affected tourism from 2007 through to 2010 and beyond has cast substantial attention on the role that crisis events play in tourism. These concerns have only been exacerbated by natural disasters, such as the 2010 Icelandic volcanic plume, pandemics, and the potential of future global change. The potential effects of crisis events on

C. Michael Hall

2010-01-01

98

Crisis Communication Plans: Poor Predictors of Excellent Crisis Public Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that newly developed theory in crisis public relations suggests a shift is necessary in the way practitioners view crises. Notes that the new paradigm defines excellent crisis public relations very differently from the literature of the past 20 years. (RS)

Marra, Francis J.

1998-01-01

99

Spanning trees and the Eurozone crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The sovereign debt crisis in the euro area has not yet been solved and recent developments in Spain and Italy have further deteriorated the situation. In this paper we develop a new approach to analyze the ongoing Eurozone crisis. Firstly, we use Maximum Spanning Trees to analyze the topological properties of government bond rates’ dynamics. Secondly, we combine the information given by both Maximum and Minimum Spanning Trees to obtain a measure of market dissimilarity or disintegration. Thirdly, we extend this measure to include a convenient distance not limited to the interval [0, 2]. Our empirical results show that Maximum Spanning Tree gives an adequate description of the separation of the euro area into two distinct groups: those countries strongly affected by the crisis and those that have remained resilient during this period. The measures of market dissimilarity also reveal a persistent separation of these two groups and, according to our second measure, this separation strongly increased during the period July 2009-March 2012.

Dias, João

2013-12-01

100

[Crisis and demographic transition in Africa].  

PubMed

The main task of CEPED, the French Center on Population and Development, is to deal with the relations between population and development. The center in this paper questions the nature of the demographic consequences of adjustment policy and reforms in developing countries. There is no doubt that such policies had important social consequences. The dearth of available statistical data, however, makes it difficult and even pointless to try and dissociate the effects of adjustment policies from the economic crises which put them in place. CEPED asked a group of experts to offer their views on to what extent the global economic crisis and the structural adjustment policies effected during the early 1980s affected demographic trends over the long term in sub-Saharan Africa. Whatever effects the economic crisis and the structural adjustment policies had upon the continent will remain to be felt for years to come. Further research is therefore warranted. PMID:12178211

Coussy, J; Vallin, J

1996-01-01

101

Organizational Learning and Crisis Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of crises on organizations has been stronger than ever. This article explores the role of organizational learning in crisis management, an area that has received little attention from HRD community. Recognizing the dynamics and interconnectedness of crisis management, organizational learning, and organizational change, the article…

Wang, Jia

2007-01-01

102

School Buildings in Today's Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To get a picture of the impact of the current economic and financial crisis on educational building programmes so far, the OECD Centre for Effective Learning Environments (CELE) has been conducting a survey of member countries and regions. The survey focuses on three main issues: the impact of the crisis on publicly funded projects, the impact on…

Blyth, Alastair

2009-01-01

103

PC 515 Pastoral Crisis Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Required Course Texts: James, R. & Gilliland, B. (2001). Crisis Intervention Strategies (4th Ed.). New York: Brooks\\/Cole. Janoff-Bulman, R. (1992). Shattered Assumptions: Towards a New Psychology of Trauma. New York: The Free Press. Switzer, D. (1986). The Minister as Crisis Counselor. Nashville, Tn.: Abingdon Press. Required Course Readings: Dunn, R. (1993). Why Bad Things Happen to Good Christians. Christian Counseling

Stuart L. Palmer

2004-01-01

104

A Crisis of Legendary Proportions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the activities of Indiana University's crisis communications team during the Bob Knight controversy. Discusses how the school's response was based on four crisis communications principles: create a plan, appoint a single spokesperson, respond with open and continuous communications, and expect the unexpected. (EV)

Simpson, Christopher

2001-01-01

105

The Mediterranean salinity crisis  

SciTech Connect

That the Mediterranean Sea underwent a salinity crisis during the Miocene (Messinian) is proven by the 1970 JOIDES deep sea drilling expedition. Subsequent work by ocean drilling and by studies on land have recorded the history of this crisis. Based upon the deep desiccated-basin model, the use of event-stratigraphy, calibrated by strontium-isotope dating and magnetostratigraphy, has enabled them to decipher the following events between 6.0 and 5.1 Ma: (1) deposition of marine diatom-rich sediments in a partially restricted basin, (2) first desiccation of the Mediterranean when Calcare di base was deposited at a time of isolation from the Atlantic because of a glacial eustatic drop of sea level, (3) influx of marine waters through southern Spanish basins to furnish brines for the deposition of the main salt, (4) Intra-Messinian desiccation, as evidenced by the erosional unconformity above the lower evaporite, (5) Intra-Messinian denudation, when reefs grew on Cyprus and marine sediments were deposited in basins, (6) frequency isolations due to oscillating sea level, when the upper evaporite was deposited, (7) Lago mare, formation of freshwater and brackish lakes due to influx of Paratethys water, (8) opening of the Gibraltar and Pliocene inundation of the Mediterranean.

Hsue, K.J.

1988-08-01

106

School Response to Violence: A Case Study in Developing Crisis Response Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this case study was to evaluate the perceptions of participants regarding their effectiveness in responding to defiant student violence as a crisis response team, following crisis response team training. The participants were a group of 10 volunteer PK-6 public school educators from western Wisconsin. The study took place during the…

Walsh, Ronald J.

2010-01-01

107

Primary hyperparathyroidism presenting as hypercalcemic crisis: Twenty-year experience  

PubMed Central

Context: To study hyperparathyroid-induced hypercalcemic crisis (HIHC). Aims: We see very advanced cases of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and therefore, we sought to determine the incidence of HIHC in our surgically-treated PHPT patients, clinical presentation, and short- and long-term results with the use of bisphosphonate therapy and expeditious parathyroidectomy over a 20-year period at a single institution. Settings and Design: Retrospective review of PHPT patients at Department of Endocrine Surgery, a tertiary care referral center. Materials and Methods: Retrospective review of 177 patients of advanced PHPT who underwent parathyroidectomy at a single institution from 1989 to 2010. All patients with serum calcium ?14 mg/dl (?3.5 mmol/l) were included in HIHC group. Statistical Analysis: Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine differences between groups. Data is expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean (SEM); P values less than 0.05 were considered significant. Results: We observed a higher incidence of HIHC (n = 37, 21%) with higher incidence of pancreatitis (n = 5, 13.5%). Crisis patients had heavier (6,717 mg) glands. Use of bisphosphonate therapy in seven crisis patients resulted in quicker lowering of serum calcium (mean: 4.5 vs 14.6 days in other crisis patients, P = 0.027) permitting early surgery. The incidence of postoperative hypocalcemia was not higher in these patients. Although the parathyroid adenoma was common pathology in both the groups, the incidence of parathyroid carcinoma was higher in crisis group (10.8%). Outcome with regards to postoperative eucalcemia was similar in both groups. Conclusions: Crisis patients are at risk of developing pancreatitis. Bisphosphonate therapy has the potential to quickly lower the serum calcium permitting early surgery without added risk of postoperative hypocalcemia. Successful and sustained eucalcemia with excellent long-term survival is possible with use of bisphosphonates and semi-emergent, focused parathyroidectmy. PMID:25593835

Singh, Dependra Narayan; Gupta, Sushil Kumar; Kumari, Niraj; Krishnani, Narendra; Chand, Gyan; Mishra, Anjali; Agarwal, Gaurav; Verma, Ashok Kumar; Mishra, Saroj Kanta; Agarwal, Amit

2015-01-01

108

The Crisis "Hotline" as Mediated Therapeutic Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hotlines, or telephone crisis-lines, begun in the 1960s and currently numbering in the hundreds provide assistance to callers in crisis, frequently around the clock. Crisis-line communication can be seen as a form of mediated therapeutic communication premised on the existence of a crisis and the medium of the telephone which shapes the…

Fish, Sandra L.

109

Unrelieved pain: A crisis  

PubMed Central

Despite many recent advances in the past 40 years in the understanding of pain mechanisms, and in pain diagnosis and management, considerable gaps in knowledge remain, with chronic pain present in epidemic proportions in most countries. It is often unrelieved and is associated with significant socioeconomic burdens. Several opportunities and approaches to address this crisis are identified in the present article. Most crucial is the need to increase pain awareness, enhance pain education, improve access to pain care and increase pain research resources. Given the variability among countries in health care policies and programs, resources and educational programs, many of the approaches and strategies outlined will need to be tailored to each country’s socioeconomic and educational situation. PMID:22184550

Sessle, Barry J

2011-01-01

110

Economic Crisis in Japan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines Japan's struggle against economic recession. The nine resources discussed provide an overview on various aspects of the topic. Due to economic crisis throughout Asia, the Japanese economy was severely strained this week as the yen continued to fall against the dollar in Tokyo trading. A "weak domestic financial sector" and shrinking private-sector investments and exports also contributed to Japanese economic woes, according to Economic Planning Minister Shimpei Nukaya. Although many top Japanese governmental officials believe their nation's economy can be revived through financial reform and international monetary support, some United States analysts remain uncertain. With a weak GDP, a weak yen, and ownership of over half the world's savings, international concern for Japanese impact on other economies is growing. To alleviate these fears, President Clinton bolstered the yen with US dollar sales on June 17, 1998. The long-term effects of this intervention remain to be seen.

Waters, Megan.

111

The Impending Crisis  

PubMed Central

When you are ill and consult a physician for his or her expertise, many times laboratory testing is part of the clinical workup. This testing is critical to the physician’s ability to diagnose the patient’s condition. What if testing was not available … because there was no one to do the testing? Although seemingly far-fetched, this scenario could play itself out in the next ten years due to an impending manpower crisis in laboratory medicine. The profession of Medical Technology, also known as Clinical Laboratory Science, is experiencing a shortage of qualified individuals for a variety of reasons – not the least of which is the closure of almost 70% of the schools teaching this critical profession. Health care workers (HCW) rely on accurate and timely clinical laboratory results in order to make decisions for their patients. Because ? 70% of patient care decisions are based on clinical laboratory results, it is important to have a well-trained supply of laboratory professionals. This article will give an overview of the situation and the possible causes of this shortage, and pose challenges to our profession as to how this crisis can be averted. Visibility of this profession must be a prime focus of this effort in order for the population in general to be aware of the role Clinical Laboratory Scientists play in the health care consortium. This effort should begin early in the educational process, potentially as early as Middle School (junior high school), bringing awareness of the profession not only to students but to educators as well. PMID:23653714

Kaplan, Raymond L.; Burgess, Thomas E.

2010-01-01

112

Targeted, Activatable, IN VIVO Fluorescence Imaging of Prostate-specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA)-positive Tumors Using the Quenched Humanized J591 Antibody-ICG Conjugate  

PubMed Central

In patients with prostate cancer, a positive surgical margin is associated with an increased risk of cancer recurrence and poorer outcome, yet, margin status cannot be determined during the surgery. An in vivo optical imaging probe that could identify the tumor margins, during surgery, could result in improved outcomes. The design of such a probe focuses on a highly specific targeting moiety and a near infrared (NIR) fluorophore that is activated only when bound to the tumor. In this study, we successfully synthesized an activatable monoclonal antibody-fluorophore conjugate consisting of a humanized anti-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) antibody (J591) linked to an indocyanine green ICG-derivative. Prior to binding to PSMA and cellular internalization, the conjugate yielded little light, however after binding an 18-fold activation was observed permitting the specific detection of PSMA+ tumors up to 10 days after injection of a low dose (0.25 mg/kg) of the reagent. This agent demonstrates promise as a method to image the extent of prostate cancer in vivo and could assist with real time resection of extracapsular extension of tumor. PMID:21740058

Nakajima, Takahito; Mitsunaga, Makoto; Bander, Neil H.; Heston, Warren D.; Choyke, Peter L.; Kobayashi, Hisataka

2011-01-01

113

Dissent During Crisis in America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dissent during periods of crisis can be a difficult subject to discuss, even among reasonable people, and this thoughtful digital exhibit from the University of California at Irvine illuminates this subject quite nicely. The items in the exhibit are from their Department of Special Collections and Archives, and the focus of this particular collection is to examine "issues of war, peace, dissent and dialogue during critical periods in the 20th century." There are six sections of the exhibit which include "Protest during the Vietnam War", "The Internment of Japanese Americans during WWII", and "McCarthyism during the Cold War". Visitors can click on each of these sections to view digitized images of ephemera (such as artworks, pamphlets, and posters) that are representative of these times of dissent and debate. Visitors should not miss the "Conscientious Objectors in World War II" area, as it contains images from a pacifist handbook published in 1939 and items published by groups like the Quakers and the Mennonites.

MacLeod, Stephen

2008-01-01

114

Lundberg et. al) Communication Problems in Crisis Response Communication Problems in Crisis Response  

E-print Network

Lundberg et. al) Communication Problems in Crisis Response Communication Problems in Crisis Universitet mikael.asplund@liu.se ABSTRACT This paper describes five problem areas of communication that occur during crisis response. These areas are communication infrastructure, situation awareness, individual

115

Financial crisis : through various perspectives  

E-print Network

The 2007 financial crisis can be viewed from various perspectives. First, it can be explained in a wider macroeconomic context, for example by looking at the housing bubble. Monetary policy can be explained according to ...

Kim, Joon Hee

2010-01-01

116

Pulmonary Edema in Myasthenic Crisis  

PubMed Central

We report a previously asymptomatic 50-year-old lady who came with myasthenic crisis as initial presentation of myasthenia gravis. She developed pulmonary edema following intravenous immunoglobulin administration and had ischemic changes in ECG and left ventricular dysfunction on echocardiography. She improved with diuretics, dobutamine, and fluid restriction alone. This is the first report in English-language medical literature describing the association between myasthenic crisis and likely takotsubo cardiomyopathy-related pulmonary edema following intravenous immunoglobulin administration. PMID:24829832

Anand, Uttara Swati; Arulneyam, Jayanthi

2013-01-01

117

Participation in crisis decision making  

E-print Network

the Communist powers other than the Soviet Union. The second dimension concerned the kinds of policy outputs that occurred. A crisis could under this criteria be either a military or a non- military event. Pvtting together these two criteria, a crisis... the United States comes into some confrontation with anyone of the nations adhering to the "Communist block" other than the Soviet Union. Combining the output and conditional criteria there are four classes of crises investigated in this research...

Marsico, Dale Joseph

1973-01-01

118

Leadership in a (permanent) crisis.  

PubMed

The current economic crisis is not just another rough spell. Today's mix of urgency, high stakes, and uncertainty will continue even after the recession ends. The immediate crisis--which we will get through with policy makers' expert technical adjustments--sets the stage for a sustained, or even permanent, crisis, a relentless series of challenges no one has encountered before. Instead of hunkering down and relying on their familiar expertise to deal with the sustained crisis, people in positions of authority--whether they are CEOs or managers heading up a company initiative--must practice what the authors call adaptive leadership. They must, of course, tackle the underlying causes of the crisis, but they must also simultaneously make the changes that will allow their organizations to thrive in turbulent environments. Adaptive leadership is an improvisational and experimental art, requiring some new practices. Like Julie Gilbert, who overcame internal resistance to reorient Best Buy toward female purchasers, adaptive leaders get things done to meet today's challenges and then modify those things to thrive in tomorrow's world. They also embrace disequilibrium, using turbulence as an opportunity to build crucial new capacities, as Paul Levy did to rescue Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center from a profound financial crisis. Finally, adaptive leaders, such as Egon Zehnder, the founder of an executive search firm, draw out the leadership skills that reside deep in the organization, recognizing the interdependence of all employees and mobilizing everyone to generate solutions. PMID:19630256

Heifetz, Ronald; Grashow, Alexander; Linsky, Marty

2009-01-01

119

Community mental health's role in the AIDS crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental Health concomitants of the AIDS crisis are reviewed along with recommendations for a community mental health response. Proposed interventions range from traditional clinical services to support groups, case management, day treatment, training of caregivers, outreach, consultation, and community education. It is recommended that, at the very least, each community mental health center identify an AIDS specialist who will keep

Michael D. Knox

1989-01-01

120

Leaders Urge Colleges to Think Globally Despite Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The global economic crisis has accelerated the fear that the United States' international power is fading. It has also made clear the need for American higher education to engage more deeply with the rest of the world, not run from it. That was the consensus among a group of presidents and provosts who met in New York this month as part of "Higher…

McMurtrie, Beth; Wheeler, David

2008-01-01

121

Thyroid crisis in the maxillofacial trauma patient.  

PubMed

Thyroid crisis, also known as thyroid storm, is a rare complication of thyrotoxicosis that results in a hypermetabolic and hyperadrenergic state. This condition requires prompt recognition and treatment because the mortality from thyroid crisis approaches 30%. Thyrotoxicosis alone will usually not progress to thyroid crisis. Thyroid crisis will typically be precipitated by some concomitant event such as infection, iodine-containing contrast agents, medications such as amiodarone, pregnancy, or surgery. Trauma is a rare precipitator of thyroid crisis. Several published studies have reported thyroid crisis resulting from blunt or penetrating neck trauma. Significant systemic trauma, such as motor vehicle accidents, has also been reported to precipitate thyroid crisis. It is very unusual for minor trauma to precipitate thyroid crisis. In the present study, we report the case of a patient who had incurred relatively minor maxillofacial trauma and developed thyroid crisis 2 weeks after the initial trauma. PMID:25085805

Weinstock, Robert J; Lewis, Tashorn; Miller, Jared; Clarkson, Earl I

2014-11-01

122

Crisis in Iraq  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The topic of this week's in the news is the renewed Iraqi crisis. The eleven resources discussed offer information, analysis, and commentary from a variety of political and cultural viewpoints. Despite a noted lack of enthusiasm from neighboring Middle East nations and in the UN, the US and Britain appeared ready to take military action against Iraq to punish Saddam Hussein for once again interfering with the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) inspections. While both governments received strong support from their legislatures, opinion within the US and UK, and certainly within the wider world community, appears to be much more divided on the necessity or effectiveness of air strikes in forcing Iraq to comply to the UN mandate. An agreement reached between Secretary-General Kofi Annan and Saddam Hussein on February 22 appears to be defusing the situation by restoring, free and unfettered inspections by the UN Special Commission, known by its acronym, Unscom. While the US government is clearly relieved by a diplomatic solution, it seems just as clearly prepared to take military action should Iraq fail to honor the agreement.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

1998-01-01

123

Indonesian Crisis Deepens  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On June 1, 2001, Indonesia's President Wahid announced that he dismissed four members of his Cabinet and the police chief, depicting the move as a peace overture to his main political rival, vice-president Megawati Sukarnoputri. Sukarnoputri's party, the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP), is at the forefront of the effort to impeach President Wahid and remove him office. The PDIP won by far the largest number of votes in the last election two years ago, but Ms. Sukarnoputri was unable to broker any deals to secure an outright majority in the parliament and win the presidency for herself. Instead, the job went to Abdurrahman Wahid, a compromise candidate. Wahid's nineteen months in power have seen a number of crises and political spats, culminating in the vote by parliament on Wednesday to hold an impeachment hearing against the president over claims of corruption and incompetence on August 1. Most analysts agree that there is a firm majority in the body in favor of unseating Wahid. In addition to the cabinet reshuffle, Wahid has on several occasions raised the possibility of martial law. Neither move, it seems, is likely to satisfy parliament or Sukarnoputri's supporters. The final outcome of the current crisis is still an open question. If Sukarnoputri does take office and steps into the shoes of her illustrious father Sukarno, Indonesia's first president, she will find that the question at the heart of the present struggle -- the balance of power between the parliament and the president -- remains.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

2001-01-01

124

Coasts in Crisis  

SciTech Connect

Coastal areas are staggering under an onslaught of human activity. We are presently in the process of destroying 70 percent of the world`s 600,000 square kilometers of coral reefs, an ecosystem containing some 200,000 different species and rivaling tropical rain forests in biodiversity. A combination of pollution, habitat destruction, and gross overfishing has led to the collapse of major fisheries and paved the way for malnutrition and disease in regions where people fish for subsistence. Globally, little is being done to manage the crisis of our coasts. Management strategies, if they exist at all, often deal with economic development along a wafer-thin strip of coastal land. Resource degradation is ignored, and watershed management is mostly rhetoric. Although some 55 countries have drawn up coastal management plans, only a handful have been properly implemented. Coasts must be managed in an integrated manner that takes into account the full range of human activities. Initiating this process is costly, time-consuming, and difficult. Yet we have more than three decades of accumulated experience to draw on.

Hinrichsen, D.

1996-11-01

125

[Economic crisis and communicable diseases. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

Past economic crises have increased the impact of communicable diseases especially on groups particularly vulnerable to the social and health consequences of the recession. However, it has been shown that the impact of these crises largely depends on the response of governments and the inhabitants of affected countries. We describe the consequences of the current crisis in the causal chain of infectious disease, including the response of the health system, and explore whether there is evidence of its impact in Spain. It is assumed that the possible effect of the crisis on living and working conditions is due to individual and social debt coupled with high unemployment as defining features of the crisis. We highlight the potential negative consequences of healthcare cuts on vulnerable populations, which have been partly excluded with the recent reform of health coverage. We compare mortality and morbidity data between two periods: before and after 2008, integrating, where possible, observed trends and institutional reports. Overall, no effect on infectious disease has been detected so far, although some signs of worsening, which could be compatible with the effects of the crisis, have been observed and need to be monitored and confirmed. We review the limitations of data sources that may not be sufficiently sensitive or up-to-date to detect changes that may require a latency period to become manifest. Instead of cutting resources, surveillance of these diseases should be improved, and an equitable social health response, which targets the population most affected by the crisis, should be guaranteed. PMID:24863999

Llácer, Alicia; Fernández-Cuenca, Rafael; Martínez-Navarro, Ferrán

2014-06-01

126

Hypercalcemic crisis: a clinical review.  

PubMed

Hypercalcemia is a common metabolic perturbation. However, hypercalcemic crisis is an unusual endocrine emergency, with little clinical scientific data to support therapeutic strategy. We review the relevant scientific English literature on the topic and review current management strategies after conducting a PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar search for articles published between 1930 and June 2014 using specific keywords: "hypercalcemic crisis," "hyperparathyroid crisis," "parathyroid storm," "severe primary hyperparathyroidism," "acute hyperparathyroidism," and "severe hypercalcemia" for articles pertaining to the diagnosis, epidemiology, clinical presentation, and treatment strategies. Despite extensive clinical experience, large and well-designed clinical studies to direct appropriate clinical care are lacking. Nonetheless, morbidity and mortality rates have substantially decreased since early series reported almost universal fatality. Improved outcomes can be attributed to modern diagnostic capabilities, leading to earlier diagnosis, along with the recognition that primary hyperparathyroidism is the most common etiology for hypercalcemic crisis. Hypercalcemic crisis is an unusual endocrine emergency that portends excellent outcomes if rapid diagnosis, medical treatment, and definitive surgical treatment are expedited. PMID:25447624

Ahmad, Shazia; Kuraganti, Gayatri; Steenkamp, Devin

2015-03-01

127

[Crisis and future of humanity].  

PubMed

We live in troubling times. The economic crisis fills us with anxiety. Young, unemployed and throes to finish living worse fear that their parents are not able to take charge of the situation. What has happened to that Spain and Europe, less than four years ago seemed to land of opportunities for native and foreign, have become hostile territories? The economic crisis does not explain everything; It is only a symptom that the basis on which we were building the future were not as firm. It is true that the crisis has brought to bare the obscenity of speculative financial capitalism. It is also true that this crisis can be the great opportunity to build the world on a human and sustainable economic basis, i.e.,just the opposite of the current submission to the dictatorship of the financial markets. But the contemporary crisis has deep and extensive roots. I will refer to other crises, as important or more than the economic one, because to glimpse the future it is essential to carefully track the present and discover the "weak signals" the latent opportunities that await we become them realities. PMID:23066563

Bellver Capella, Vicente

2012-09-01

128

Crisis at the summit.  

PubMed

An unrecognized affliction is striking certain gifted performers at the top of their game. Its cause, paradoxically, is success itself. These stars, who thrive on conquering new challenges, can lose their bearings and question their purpose once a job has been mastered. A vague dissatisfaction gives way to confusion and then to inner turmoil. Left unattended, this summit syndrome can derail promising careers. The syndrome has three phases. In the approach phase, when most of the challenges of a current job have been met, sufferers tend to push harder in a vain attempt to recapture the adrenaline rush of the climb. Then, in the plateauing phase, when virtually all the challenges have been conquered, these individuals, who are incapable of coasting, bear down to try to produce ever more stellar results, but to less effect and greater dissatisfaction. This leads to the terminal descending phase, when performance slips noticeably. As their superstar status fades, they jump ship, accept demotions, or take lateral transfers. It's a terrible waste, for if the syndrome is recognized, steps can be taken before performance slips to dispel the confusion and set the stage for productive growth to the next assignment. There are four parts to this process: First, understand your "winning formula"--the characteristic way you approach a situation--and the vital part it plays in feeling stale or losing your edge. Second, reconnect with your core purpose in life. Third, recast your current, or future, job to better align your inner aspirations with the external requirements of your work. And fourth, create a developmental path by honing a handful of core leadership competencies. None of this is easy, but for talented individuals--and the organizations that rely on them--the vaccine of preventive awareness is far better than gambling on an after-the-fact cure once the crisis is full-blown. PMID:17348172

Parsons, George D; Pascale, Richard T

2007-03-01

129

The Crisis: Basic Mechanisms and Appropriate Policies  

E-print Network

The purpose of this lecture is to look beyond the complex events that characterize the global financial and economic crisis, identify the basic mechanisms, and infer the policies needed to resolve the current crisis, as ...

Blanchard, Olivier Jean

130

Using Crisis Simulations in Public Relations Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Students will demonstrate research, decision making, team building, and public speaking skills, while applying issues management and crisis communication concepts in a realistic setting. Courses: Introduction to Public Relations, Public Relations Cases, Crisis Communication.

Veil, Shari R.

2010-01-01

131

Crisis stability and nuclear war  

SciTech Connect

The authors summarize their viewpoint on and recommendations for strategic command and forces, and arms control and crisis stability. They pressent a study of the paths which might lead the superpowers from a crisis to nuclear war. This book examines the various arenas in which superpower crises may occur. The authors describe the strategies, command structures, and forces of NATO and the Warsaw Pact, paying particular attention to the ladder of alert postures and operations that their forces might mount as a crisis intensifies. They address the Middle East, with special emphasis on the confrontation between Syria and Israel, and the dangers posed by locally-owned chemical and nuclear weapons. The authors also consider the oceans and space.

Not Available

1987-01-01

132

Scientific American Frontiers: Deep Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Deep Crisis," a new documentary from PBS's Scientific American Frontiers set to air January 28, 2003, explores the "past, present and uncertain future of the ocean's long-distance travelers - salmon and tuna." This companion Web site includes two lesson plans designed for grades 5-8 (see Teaching Guide), as well as a quiz based on program content. Homing Salmon focuses on the odor cues that researchers believe help salmon find their home streams for spawning. Salmon Counting introduces students to population sampling techniques. Both lesson plans include printable versions and answers to activity questions. Deep Crisis may be viewed online with RealPlayer or Windows Media.

1969-12-31

133

Crisis and Employment: The Case of Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines Korea's employment dynamics and analyzes how adverse impacts could be mitigated during the recent economic crisis in comparison with the 1997 to 1998 Asian crisis. A clear lesson is that policies to mitigate adverse impacts of financial crisis on the macroeconomic level should be given priority for preserving employment. In…

Cho, Dongchul; Shin, Sukha

2012-01-01

134

Campus Crisis Response at Viberg College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fictional case study examines crisis response in higher education settings. Information about current crisis response procedures, plans, and trends was gathered from informational interviews, current crisis management literature, and multiple college and university websites. The information was synthesized into a fictional case study using…

Eaker, Rachel; Viars, Jamie

2014-01-01

135

Crisis Intervention and Crisis Team Models in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for crisis intervention plans and programs in schools has become more evident during the past decade with the increased incidence of school violence and other traumatic situations experienced by students, educators, school personnel, parents, and relatives of those involved. This need has resulted in an increase of professional…

Knox, Karen S.; Roberts, Albert R.

2005-01-01

136

Stakeholder involvement in nuclear crisis management in Greece.  

PubMed

The setting up of the Greek Stakeholders Group in the framework of the EC Food and Agriculture Restoration Management Involving Networked Groups (FARMING) project is described. The Group included members from more than 20 governmental and non-governmental organisations, having interest and/or responsibilities in the management of a crisis following a nuclear accident. The stakeholders, during their meetings in 2002, discussed the agricultural countermeasures and rural waste disposal options which have been compiled by the EC Sustainable Restoration and Long-Term Management of Contaminated Rural, Urban and Industrial Ecosystems (STRATEGY) project. All stakeholders agreed that the most preferable were those options that ensure public acceptance, minimise environmental impact and maintain farming practices and acceptable living and working conditions. Their views are synoptically presented along with the major conclusions from the stakeholders meetings regarding nuclear crisis management. PMID:15961200

Ioannides, K G; Tzialla, C E; Papachristodoulou, C A; Papanikolaou, C; Apostolopoulos, C

2005-01-01

137

Agency problems and performance of Korean companies during the Asian financial crisis: Chaebol vs. non-chaebol firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agency problems can become more serious during an economy-wide financial crisis and they can have different roles depending on the corporate governance structure of a company. This paper examines whether agency problems explain the performance of Korean companies during the Asian financial crisis and whether agency problems explain the performance differently for chaebol vs. non-chaebol firms. Korean business groups, chaebols,

Byungmo Kim; Inmoo Lee

2003-01-01

138

Responding to the ‘crisis of masculinity’: the perspectives of young Muslim men from Glasgow and Edinburgh, Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debates about the so-called crisis of masculinity have tended to focus on the experiences of white working class young men and black young men to the exclusion of other groups of men. This article seeks to redress this omission by exploring young Muslim men's knowledge and understanding of the crisis of masculinity and the ways in which they respond to

Peter E. Hopkins

2009-01-01

139

La crisi greca diverrà anche crisi della UEM? \\/ Is the Greek Crisis also Becaming a Crisis of the EMU?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long saga of the Greek crisis has been extremely useful, especially in terms of understanding what not to do to protect the Euro\\\\'s strength and the coherence of European politics. An initial observation regards the duration of the quarrel between Greece and the other Euro zone countries, and between the different Euro zone countries. It has gone on for

Romano Prodi

2010-01-01

140

Addressing the world water crisis  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The world is facing an impinging crisis on water as population growth continues, energy use increases, and affluence (standard of living) increases all requiring more water. Agriculture must find ways to use water more productively while improving the impact of agriculture on the environment. Agri...

141

Hungry Kids: The Solvable Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The numbers speak for themselves in terms of the crisis of hunger among kids in the United States: More than 16 million children--one in five--live in households that struggle to put food on the table. Nearly half of all food stamp recipients are children. But, argues Felling, the battle against childhood hunger can be won; the United States has…

Felling, Christy

2013-01-01

142

Systematics and the biodiversity crisis  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the importance of systematics in evaluating the global biodiversity crisis. Topics covered include the following: what systematic biology is; the diversity of species and higher taxa; biodiversity undersiege; systematics and conservation; systematics and global climatic change. 28 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Savage, J.M. [Univ. of Miami, Coral Gables, FL (United States)

1995-11-01

143

Technology Use in Campus Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author focuses on technology use related to campus crisis and shows the impact that newer technologies have on making the world seem much smaller and united. When crises occur, such as at Virginia Tech shootings or Hurricane Katrina, students across the United States and even the world reach out to one another through new…

Mastrodicasa, Jeanna

2008-01-01

144

Energy Crisis: The Leisurely Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of their automotive lifestyles, Americans account for the greatest portion of fossil fuel consumption in the world. The desirable leisure lifestyle traits of the past should be incorporated into contemporary American culture. Americans need to wean themselves away from the automobile if the energy crisis is to be solved. (JN)

Mobily, Ken

1980-01-01

145

Aging in Utah: Avoid Crisis  

E-print Network

Aging in Utah: Avoid Crisis Maximize Opportunity UTAH COMMISSION ON AGING Annual Report 2010-2011 #12;Page 1Utah Commission on Aging 2010-2011 Interim Report The Commission's statutory purpose is to: a. increase public and government understanding of the current and future needs of the state's aging

Tipple, Brett

146

The Ethical Crisis in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities are showing signs of being affected by an emerging ethical crisis (misrepresentation of the job market to graduates, term paper companies, misallocations in financial aid); the needed cure seems to be in better conceptual organization of higher education institutions. (Author/PG)

Martin, Warren Bryan

1974-01-01

147

The Crisis in Capital Punishment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are at crisis. For about four years, because of judicial staysnecessary to the orderly administration of justice, no human beinghas been killed by warrant of law in the United States. We have hadmuch time- for. thought on the subject. If we resume the infliction ofdeath by law, we shall have to answer to ourselves, to the future,to the rest

Black Charles L. Jr

1971-01-01

148

The New York School Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis of the educational crisis in New York City schools discusses some characteristics of de facto segregation in ghetto schools, the social background of Negro slum children, and the failure of teachers and curriculum to educate these students. A large portion of the article traces the various Board of Education attempts to integrate the…

Larner, Jeremy

149

GeoCollaborative crisis management: designing technologies to meet real-world needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preventing, preparing for, responding to, and recovering from natural and human-induced disasters all require access to geo- graphically referenced information and tools for making available information relevant to the tasks at hand. Goals of the research summarized here are to advance our scientific understanding of how groups (or groups of groups) work with geospatial informa- tion and technologies in crisis

Alan M. Maceachren; Guoray Cai; Michael D. Mcneese; Rajeev Sharma; Sven Fuhrmann

2006-01-01

150

An Analysis of Relationships Among Peer Support, Psychiatric Hospitalization, and Crisis Stabilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study’s objective was to investigate how peer support relates to psychiatric hospitalization and crisis stabilization\\u000a utilization outcomes. The likelihood of experiencing a psychiatric hospitalization or a crisis stabilization was modeled for\\u000a consumers using peer support services and a control group of consumers using community mental health services but not peer\\u000a support with 2003 and 2004 Georgia Medicaid claims data;

Glenn M. Landers; Mei Zhou

2011-01-01

151

Could measuring of perceived risk among general practitioners have helped anticipate the French BSE crisis?  

PubMed

In October of 2000, a second BSE crisis caught French public authorities unprepared and caused a collapse in beef consumption as well as considerable political turmoil. Data collected between May and July, 2000, among a group of general practitioners (GPs), while national consumption of beef was back to pre-BSE levels, paradoxically showed high latent risk perception, suggesting a new crisis was possible or likely. PMID:15180108

Setbon, Michel; Fischler, Claude; Lukasiewicz, Esther; Raude, Jocelyn; Flahault, Antoine

2004-01-01

152

The financial crisis in Italy: implications for the healthcare sector.  

PubMed

The global economic and financial crisis is having and impact on the Italian healthcare system which is undergoing a devolution process from the central government to regions and where about one third of the regional governments (mainly in the central and southern part of the country) are facing large financial deficits. The paper briefly describes the current macro scenario and the main responses taken to face the crisis and highlights the downside risks of introducing "linear" cuts in the allocation of resources. While justified by the risk of a national debt default, present fiscal policies might increase inequalities in access to care, deteriorate overall health indicators and population wellbeing, and sharpen existing difference in the quality of care between regions. Preliminary evidence shows that the crisis is affecting the quality of nutrition and the incidence of psychiatric disorders. During this difficult financial situation Italy is also facing the risk of a major reduction in investments for preventive medicine, Evidence Based Medicine infrastructures, health information systems and physical capital renewal. This cost-cutting strategy may have negative long term consequences Also, important achievement in terms of limiting waiting lists, improving continuity of care and patients' centeredness, and promoting integration between social and health care may be negatively affected by unprecedented resources' cuts. It is essential that in such a period of public funding constraints health authorities monitor incidence of diseases and access to care of the most vulnerable groups and specifically target interventions to those who may be disproportionally hit by the crisis. PMID:22551787

de Belvis, Antonio Giulio; Ferrè, Francesca; Specchia, Maria Lucia; Valerio, Luca; Fattore, Giovanni; Ricciardi, Walter

2012-06-01

153

Foreign oil companies weathering Peru's political crisis  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that foreign oil companies are weathering Peru's political crisis, and the outlook for increased foreign participation in Peru's petroleum sector remains promising. There has been improvement in the political turmoil and soured international relations that followed President Alberto Fujimori's Apr. 5 suspension of Peru's Congress, charging political corruption and attempts to block his fiscal reforms. But there are fresh concerns over an increase in terrorism aimed at oil industry facilities by antigovernment guerrilla groups in Peru. Meanwhile, state-owned oil company Petroleos del Peru (Petroperu) continues efforts to sell assets as part of Fujimori's mandated privatization program. And foreign companies continue to grapple with uncertainty and bureaucratic red tape in chasing investment opportunities in Peru's beleaguered but opening petroleum sector.

Not Available

1992-07-06

154

America's Crisis: Asian Perspectives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

AsiaSource (originally reviewed in the September 3, 1999 Scout Report) provides an Asian perspective on the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC. The site contains information on the attacks and how they have and will affect Asia's peoples and governments. It also provides links on the suspected terrorists' groups, Pakistan, Afghanistan, the religion of Islam, reference maps of the area, and much more.

155

[Attempted suicide during the financial crisis in Athens].  

PubMed

Suicidal behavior is considered as the result of complex cognitive and emotional processes and it is a timeless, global and multifactorial phenomenon. Periods of financial crises in the past, such as the Great Depression in the USA in 1929 and the economic crises of Asia, Russia and Argentina in the late 1990s, have been associated with impairment of mental health of the economically affected. Unemployment, job insecurity, debts, poverty and social exclusion seems to lead to higher incidence of anxiety and depressive symptoms and increased suicidality. Alcohol and substance use and the reduction of the state budget for health services reinforce the negative effects of the economic recession on mental health. The financial crisis which currently affects many European countries began in 2008 and its impact on the mental health of European citizens is in progress. Greece is probably the most affected country by the European financial crisis. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential impact of the crisis' consequences on the attempted suicide rates in the Athens population and the differentiation of suicide attempters on social, demographic and clinical-psychopathological parameters during the crisis. A retrospective study was conducted. The semi-structured records of 165 attempters who were hospitalized in the Internal Medicine Clinics of the "Sotiria" General Hospital in Athens, after attempted suicide in the years 2007 and 2011, before and during the financial crisis respectively, were studied. Among suicide attempters 95(57.6%) were suffering from mental disorders. Most often diagnoses were these of mood disorders (n=60, 63.2%). Demographic data, current psychiatric disorder, previous suicide attempt and severity of psychopathology at the time of suicide attempt were recorded for each patient. Furthermore, the severity of each suicide attempt was estimated. Suicide attempts were 70 in 2007, before the financial crisis (mean age 36.9 years, 71% women) and 95 in 2011, during the financial crisis (mean age 41.0 years, women 65%). There is an increase of suicide attempts by 35.71%. There were no statistically significant differences between the two periods regarding the gender and age of attempters. There was a statistically significant increase of unemployed (p=0.004), as well as of married/widowed/divorced (p=0.02) suicide attempters during the crisis. There was not statistically significant difference in the severity of suicide attempts before and during the economic crisis or the severity of psychopathology of the attempters. The financial crisis is probably associated with upward trend in attempted suicide of the Athens population. Most affected are those who are unemployed, married, widowed, divorced. Suicide prevention programs are essential for the accurate and timely identification and the immediate and effective management of this special high risk group of attempters during the financial crisis. PMID:25035179

Stavrianakos, K; Kontaxakis, V; Moussas, G; Paplos, K; Papaslanis, T; Havaki-Kontaxaki, B; Papadimitriou, Gn

2014-01-01

156

Banking crisis and financial structure: A survival-time analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper applies non-parametric and parametric methods of survival analysis to the international bank crisis data. The empirical results suggest that concentration in the banking sector increases the survival time. Additionally, the results associated with survival functions indicate that the G-10 and non-G10 countries constitute two distinct groups of countries, where the non-G10 countries have a higher incidence of failure

Ay?e Y. Evrensel

2008-01-01

157

Capsaicin and arterial hypertensive crisis.  

PubMed

Chili peppers are rich in capsaicin. The potent vasodilator calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is stored in a population of C-fiber afferents that are sensitive to capsaicin. CGRP and peptides released from cardiac C fibers have a beneficial effect in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. It has been reported that capsaicin pretreatment can deplete cardiac C-fiber peptide stores. Furthermore, it has also been reported that capsaicin-treated pigs have significantly increased mean arterial blood pressure compared with controls, and that the decrease in CGRP synthesis and release contributes to the elevated blood pressure. A case has also been reported of an arterial hypertensive crisis in a patient with a large ingestion of peppers and chili peppers the day before. We present a case of an arterial hypertensive crisis in a 19-year-old Italian man with an abundant ingestion of peppers and of chili peppers the preceding day. This case describes an unusual pattern of arterial hypertensive crisis due to capsaicin. PMID:19168246

Patanè, Salvatore; Marte, Filippo; La Rosa, Felice Carmelo; La Rocca, Roberto

2010-10-01

158

A semi-dissipative crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reports a sudden chaotic attractor change in a system described by a conservative and dissipative map concatenation. When the driving parameter passes a critical value, the chaotic attractor suddenly loses stability and turns into a transient chaotic web. The iterations spend super-long random jumps in the web, finally falling into several special escaping holes. Once in the holes, they are attracted monotonically to several periodic points. Following Grebogi, Ott, and Yorke, we address such a chaotic attractor change as a crisis. We numerically demonstrate that phase space areas occupied by the web and its complementary set (a fat fractal forbidden net) become the periodic points' “riddled-like” attraction basins. The basin areas are dominated by weaker dissipation called “quasi-dissipation”. Small areas, serving as special escape holes, are dominated by classical dissipation and bound by the forbidden region, but only in each periodic point's vicinity. Thus the crisis shows an escape from a riddled-like attraction basin. This feature influences the approximation of the scaling behavior of the crisis's averaged lifetime, which is analytically and numerically determined as ?(b-b0)?, where b0 denotes the control parameter's critical threshold, and ??-1.5.

Chao, X.-G.; Dai, J.; Wang, W.-X.; He, D.-R.

2006-12-01

159

Recognizing and responding to a suicide crisis.  

PubMed

Data from therapists who were treating 26 patients when they committed suicide were utilized to identify signs that warned of a suicide crisis. Three factors were identified as markers of the suicide crisis: a precipitating event; one or more intense affective stats other than depression; and at least one of three behavioral patterns: speech or actions suggesting suicide, deterioration in social or occupational functioning, and increased substance abuse. Problems in communication between patient and therapist, often originating in therapeutic anxiety over the patient's possible suicide, were identified as factors interfering with crisis recognition. Evaluation of the identified affects and behaviors may help therapists recognize a suicide crisis. PMID:11411185

Hendin, H; Maltsberger, J T; Lipschitz, A; Haas, A P; Kyle, J

2001-04-01

160

Waiting for a Crisis: Case Studies of Crisis Leaders in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the system of crisis leadership in higher education. Using case study methods, five crisis leadership participants were interviewed to develop a deep understanding of how they perceive their university crisis leadership system. Two participants were from a private institution, and three were from a public institution. Higher…

Muffet-Willett, Stacy L.

2010-01-01

161

Supervision Experiences of Professional Counselors Providing Crisis Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this phenomenological study, the authors explored supervision experiences of 13 licensed professional counselors in situations requiring crisis counseling. Five themes concerning crisis and supervision were identified from individual interviews. Findings support intensive, immediate crisis supervision and postlicensure clinical supervision.

Dupre, Madeleine; Echterling, Lennis G.; Meixner, Cara; Anderson, Robin; Kielty, Michele

2014-01-01

162

Understanding Government Contexts in GeoCollaborative Crisis Management  

E-print Network

Understanding Government Contexts in GeoCollaborative Crisis Management Guoray Cai College (GCCM) is facilitated and supported by advanced information technologies in a variety of government government, crisis management, geocollaboration 1. PANEL SUMMARY Extreme crisis events, such as hurricanes

Klippel, Alexander

163

The Midcareer Crisis: A Description of the Psychological Dynamics of Transition and Adaptation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared three groups of people (N=134) facing midcareer crisis using a structured interview. Suggested that Hopson and Adams' (1977) model can provide a framework for understanding emotional factors in voluntary career transitions. Janis and Mann's (1977) conflict model describes where in the decision-making process the groups chose alternative…

Perosa, Sandra L.; Perosa, Linda M.

1983-01-01

164

Australian baby boomers face retirement during the global financial crisis.  

PubMed

This paper examines the impact in Australia of the global financial crisis on the baby boom cohort approaching later life. Data from national focus groups of people aged 50 to 64 years (N = 73), conducted in late 2008, found widespread but variable concern and uncertainty concerning work and retirement plans and experiences. A national survey (N = 1,009) of those aged 50 to 64 years in mid-2009 reported lower levels of financial satisfaction compared with other life domains; many planned to postpone retirement. Findings are interpreted in the context of policies and markets that differed significantly from those in the United States, notwithstanding the global nature of the financial crisis. PMID:23837628

Kendig, Hal; Wells, Yvonne; O'Loughlin, Kate; Heese, Karla

2013-01-01

165

Leaving Home: Crisis and Opportunity  

PubMed Central

“Gaudeamus igitur, juvenes dum sumus!” Young people have not quite completed the developmental tasks of adolescence by the time they leave home to attend university. Geographical separation from family offers an opportunity for learning and personal growth, with the ultimate objective the acquisition of an education in the broadest sense of the word. University life with its peer pressures and academic stresses offers its own challenges and rewards. Unless there is close co-operation between family doctors and student-health physicians, the medical care of young adults degenerates into crisis management with loss of all the benefits of continuity of care. PMID:21267231

McSherry, James

1986-01-01

166

Improving decision making in crisis.  

PubMed

The most critical activity during emergencies or crises is making decisions about what to do next. This paper provides insights into the challenges that people face in making decisions at any time, but particularly during emergencies and crises. It also introduces the reader to the concept of different sense-making/decision-making domains, the human behaviours that can adversely affect decision making - decision derailers - and ways in which emergency responders can leverage this knowledge to make better decisions. While the literature on decision making is extensive, this paper is focused on those aspects that apply particularly to decision making in emergencies or times of crisis. PMID:24113638

Higgins, Guy; Freedman, Jennifer

2013-01-01

167

Content Knowledge--The Real Reading Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived crisis in reading achievement may be misplaced--the real crisis may be what is ignored in the curriculum. People are alarmed at the lack of emphasis being placed on teaching content knowledge in many of today's classrooms. They laugh when Jay Leno takes to the street, interviewing teenagers and young adults who do not have the…

Kato, Tsuguhiko; Manning, Maryann

2007-01-01

168

Crisis and Loss: Information for Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a crisis, parents can do a great deal to help their child deal with grief and anxiety. This special issue provides information and promising practices that might be helpful in dealing with various crisis situations. Provides the following articles: (1) "Children Killing Children" (Kevin Dwyer); (2) "Disaster: Helping Children Cope" (Debbie…

Canter, Andrea, Ed.

1999-01-01

169

Crisis and Loss: Information for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis intervention is a vital component of any comprehensive approach to maintaining psychological well being. An active school-based crisis intervention team can make a powerful contribution to a school's sense of community and commitment to taking care of each other. This special edition presents promising practices that may be helpful to…

Canter, Andrea, Ed.

1999-01-01

170

Crisis in Educational Leadership: A Dangerous Opportunity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the crisis facing American education, comprised of professional unrest, student disruption and dissatisfaction, irrelevant curricula, financial distress, and need for reform. The resolution of this crisis depends on the creativity and courage of American educators. Changes could be brought about by an enlightened educational…

Sanford, Terry

171

Eastern's Employee Communication Crisis: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores communication behaviors and reactions of employees during crisis periods, using a qualitative case study of Eastern Airlines pilots. Finds that useful theories for crisis communication can be developed only after sufficient inquiry into the communication needs and behaviors of message receivers. (MS)

Saunders, Martha

1988-01-01

172

When a Crisis Occurs: A Trustee's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that, although crises are unavoidable, they can be planned for and that there should be a crisis management model for each situation. Discusses components of an effective crisis management plan, including clear lines of governance, trust, and communication between boards and the president and effective communication with the media and…

Kenney, Phyllis Gutierrez

1997-01-01

173

Neo-Liberalism in Crisis? Educational Dimensions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until the global financial crisis, neo-liberalism had appeared invincible. This article examines the global rise of neo-liberalism and its impact on education, particularly its treatment of the social democratic ideal of equality. Drawing on examples from education and other socio-political factors, it considers whether the financial crisis is…

Small, David

2011-01-01

174

Is there a public library funding crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Says that, in recent years, public libraries have undergone budget cuts which have affected the services they provide. Shows these cuts have caused the public library service to be thrown into a financial crisis. Contributing to this crisis are local government restructuring with no additional money allocated for the transitionary period and also public libraries ineligibility to compete for national

Caroline De Almeida

1997-01-01

175

Role-Playing a Public Relations Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis management affects all institutions. Organizations now operate in a media-saturated world where individuals can disseminate information instantaneously across the globe via the internet. As a result, ensuring future business leaders have an understanding of how crises develop and what alternatives exist is a valuable educational outcome. Through a role-playing exercise, students undertake crisis management for a fictitious organization. The

Stephen L. Baglione

2006-01-01

176

Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and…

Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

2013-01-01

177

Recent Crisis: Lessons for Islamic Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two alternative explanations of the financial crisis have emerged. One relies on deviations from the efficient capital market hypothesis— emergence of bubbles and informational problems—to explain the causes of the crisis. An alternative explanation views financial crises as internally generated instability episodes that inevitably arise from the basic debt-credit- interest rate relations. Based on a number of assumptions, theory has

Abbas Mirakhor; Noureddine Krichene

178

The Midlife Crisis and Educational Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a brief summary of research relating to midlife crisis, a theory of the midlife crisis is presented that is based on the philosophical insights of Plato and Heidegger: The emotional pain at midlife is associated with a collapse of a person's ontic field (relationships with others, to things, and to institutions) or a stagnation of a…

McKenzie, Leon

179

School Crisis Aftermath: Care for the Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Professional" crisis caregivers (e.g., emergency responders, mental health providers, medical professionals, victim assistance counselors, and faith leaders) are trained to handle exposure to images of destruction and loss and to help victims or survivors cope with the impact of a crisis. They try to help individuals, schools, and communities…

Paine, Cathy Kennedy

2009-01-01

180

The "Obesity Crisis" and School Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article builds on a number of recent critical reviews to argue that claims that we are experiencing an obesity crisis are almost entirely without foundation. The possibility is explored that this crisis is manufactured through a complex process of the social production of knowledge. The article marshals evidence to challenge the basis upon…

Kirk, David

2006-01-01

181

Economic crisis, downsizing and “layoff survivor's syndrome”  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with layoff survivor's syndrome following the 1997 economic crisis in South Korea. South Korea has been credited with quickly recovering from its economic crisis by implementing policies aimed at economic restructuring. However, researchers have discovered that, in addition to those directly affected by a lay-off, layoff survivors as well suffer from impacts on their mental health —

Wang-Bae Kim

2003-01-01

182

Creating Your School's Crisis Management Team.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools can reduce their vulnerability to violence and other hazards by analyzing foreseeable risks, assembling a broad-based crisis-management team (CMT), providing adequate staff training, and developing a crisis manual. Common response problems concerning decision-making authority, communication, and performance expectations for CMTs are…

Blythe, Bruce T.

2001-01-01

183

Topological scaling and gap filling at crisis  

PubMed

Scaling laws associated with an interior crisis of chaotic dynamical systems are studied. We argue that open gaps of the chaotic set become densely filled at the crisis due to the sudden appearance of unstable periodic orbits with extremely long periods. We formulate a scaling theory for the associated growth of the topological entropy. PMID:11031545

Szabo; Lai; Tel; Grebogi

2000-05-01

184

Crisis Management's New Role in Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From natural disasters to the financial debacle, it is clear to the educational community that crises know no boundaries. Far from a passing fad, crisis planning must be an integrated part of effective school district leadership. Two studies explore the status of crisis management in selected public school systems and offer recommendations for…

Gainey, Barbara S.

2009-01-01

185

Crisis communications between superpowers. Individual study project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since the United States and the Soviet Union first possessed the ability to destroy each other with nuclear weapons, they have been looking at means to defuse crisis situations and avoid inadvertent nuclear warfare. One of the means that evolved was the Washington-Moscow Hotline, put into operation on August 31, 1963. This was the first crisis communications system, ever,

1990-01-01

186

Hospitality crisis management practices: the Israeli case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempts to examine hospitality crisis management practices within the context of the Israeli hospitality industry. The study develops a questionnaire that evaluates the importance and usage of four categories of practices: marketing, hotel maintenance, human resources, and governmental assistance. The findings illustrate which practices managers consider important and which practices managers actually use during an industry crisis. The

Aviad A. Israeli; Arie Reichel

2003-01-01

187

The IGY and the Satellite Race: A Reconsideration of a Cold War Crisis that Never Should Have Been  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In October 1957 the Soviet Union launched the first Earth-circling artificial satellite and the crisis that resulted led to numerous actions in the United States aimed at "remediating" a Cold War crisis. This included the establishment of a separate civilian space agency charged with the conduct of an official program of scientific and technological space exploration, consolidation of Department of Defense space activities, the passage of the National Defense Education Act, the creation of a Presidential Science Advisor, and a host of lesser actions. The politics of these changes is fascinating, and has been interpreted as an appropriate political response to a unique crisis situation. Interest groups, all for differing reasons, prodded national leaders to undertake large-scale efforts, something the president thought unnecessarily expensive and once set in place impossible to dismantle. But was the Sputnik crisis truly a crisis in any real sense? Was it made into one by interest groups who used it for their own ends? This paper will trace briefly some of the major themes associated with the IGY and Sputnik and describe the political construction of the crisis as it emerged in 1957- 1958. It will also discuss something about the transformation of federal science and technology that took place in the aftermath of the "crisis" and how it set in train a series of processes and policies that did not unravel until the end of the Cold War.

Launius, R. D.

2006-05-01

188

Systemic and flap inflammatory response associates with thrombosis in flap venous crisis.  

PubMed

Venous crisis represents the most common complication in flap surgery and often results in flap failure. The gold standard for free flap monitoring is frequent clinical examination. The current study examined the systemic inflammatory response during the immediate post-operative period following flap venous crisis. Superficial epigastric artery perforator flap transplantation was performed in a total of 30 rabbits. Fifteen animals received venous obstruction by vein ligation (venous crisis group, n?=?15) and others were sham treated (control group, n?=?15). Venous thrombosis was examined by immunohistochemistry staining. Plasma levels of inflammatory response markers (IL-6, IL-8, TNF-?, and C-reactive protein) and thrombosis biomarkers (von Willebrand factor and tissue factor) were measured at 0, 2, and 4 h post-operation by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The mRNA levels of relevant biomarkers in the flap were analyzed with quantitative real-time PCR. Flap histopathological examination showed erythrocyte and neutrophil aggregations in venous lumen and erythrocyte diapedesis. At 8 h post-operation, serious edema and fibrinoid necrosis were observed and the venous lumen was almost blocked by thrombus. The venous crisis group had higher plasma levels of IL-8, TNF-?, and thrombosis biomarkers. Vein ligation also increased the mRNA levels of IL-8, TNF-?, C-reactive protein, von Willebrand factor, and tissue factor in the flap. No significant change in IL-6 levels was observed between the control group and the venous crisis group. Flap venous crisis was accompanied by the increase in a number of inflammatory and thrombosis markers, both in the peripheral blood and the flaps. PMID:25448261

Du, Wei; Wu, Pan-Feng; Qing, Li-Ming; Wang, Cong-Yang; Liang, Jie-Yu; Yu, Fang; Tang, Ju-Yu

2015-02-01

189

Research on optimal computing model based on public crisis management  

Microsoft Academic Search

With domestic and international frequent public crisis occurring, public crisis management has become a hot academic research. The ability of crisis management capabilities of public crisis management sector and scientific evaluation system design is often affected by many complex factors. An appropriate computational model and the analysis system will be able to achieve the goals of ensuring social security. The

Dai Bibo; Jia Niyan

2011-01-01

190

The Onset of the East Asian Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an early diagnosis of the financial crisis in Asia, focusing on the empirical record in the lead-up to the crisis. The main goal is to emphasize the role of financial panic as an essential element of the Asian crisis. At the core of the crisis were large-scale foreign capital inflows into financial systems that became vulnerable to

Steven Radelet; Jeffrey Sachs

1998-01-01

191

Communicating through Crisis: A Strategy for Organizational Survival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that crisis communication should be a part of the larger issues of communication policy and strategy. Builds a case for the need to consider crisis communication in a larger context. Proposes a model of crisis communication content that may serve as a framework for research into the efficacy of communication during crisis episodes. (RS)

Sturges, David L.

1994-01-01

192

Enhancing crisis leadership in public health emergencies.  

PubMed

Reviews of public health emergency responses have identified a need for crisis leadership skills in health leaders, but these skills are not routinely taught in public health curricula. To develop criteria for crisis leadership in public health, published sources were reviewed to identify attributes of successful crisis leadership in aviation, public safety, military operations, and mining. These sources were abstracted to identify crisis leadership attributes associated with those disciplines and compare those attributes with crisis leadership challenges in public health. Based on this review, the following attributes are proposed for crisis leadership in public health: competence in public health science; decisiveness with flexibility; ability to maintain situational awareness and provide situational assessment; ability to coordinate diverse participants across very different disciplines; communication skills; and the ability to inspire trust. Of these attributes, only competence in public health science is currently a goal of public health education. Strategies to teach the other proposed attributes of crisis leadership will better prepare public health leaders to meet the challenges of public health crises. PMID:24274133

Deitchman, Scott

2013-10-01

193

Energy crisis: an electrochemical viewpoint  

SciTech Connect

The energy crisis currently consists largely of the effect of oil supply and cost on the economy on one hand, and the capital requirements for developing replacement energy sources (either environmentally-acceptable fossil or non-fossil) on the other. This study explores the role of electrochemistry in replacing oil with other energy sources at a minimum capital cost. This role may be very important in developing a new energy economy in which heat-engines are replaced by fuel cell devices at much higher second-law efficiencies, and in which energy utilization is optimized by storage. The effects of electrochemistry on nontraditional energy sources (primary or secondary solar energy), and also on chemical processes are considered in some detail. 30 refs.

Appleby, A.J.

1980-01-01

194

School Safety and Crisis Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Helping young people deal with crises can be a difficult task, and is something that should not be taken lightly. The National Association of School Psychologists has brought together a set of valuable resources on this site for professionals who work with children. The resources are divided into eight different sections, and they include links to other online resources, and those that deal with specific subjects, such as suicide, trauma, and natural disasters. The natural disaster section includes fact sheets on how to help children after a wildfire and in the aftermath of a tsunami. Moving on, the suicide section contains like-minded materials on how to address teen suicide and preventive measures. The site is rounded out with a selection of crisis resources in Spanish.

195

Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis  

PubMed Central

Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and increase consumption of high-calorie foods and beverages that are low in nutritional value. Electronic games, however, may increase children’s physical activity and expose them to healthier foods. We examine the role of electronic games in the pediatric obesity crisis and their contribution to more favorable health outcomes. PMID:23483693

Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

2014-01-01

196

[Suicide crisis, psychological suffering and advanced age].  

PubMed

Bound to the idea of a crisis and the brutal intrusion of psychological suffering, the suicide drama rarely lends itself to a direct analysis which can highlight the different stages of its process. Taking into account increasing quantities of scientific data from current research and the spirit of crisis interventions is fundamental for allowing hopes of effective prevention. Speaking the same language by using the same conceptual basis, that of the suicide crisis, is a prerequisite in pedagogical terms for the current care management of suicidal patients. PMID:24908840

Hazif-Thomas, Cyril; Bordage, Catherine; Cornec, Gwenole; Berrouiguet, Sofian; Walter, Michel

2014-01-01

197

The Energy Crisis and Solar Energy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the status of the energy crisis in Australia. Outlines energy alternatives for the 1990's and describes the present status of solar energy research and the economics of solar energy systems. (GS)

Bockris, J. O'M.

1974-01-01

198

Energy Crisis Spurs Congress Into Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses legislation recently passed by Congress in response to the energy crisis, and the Nixon Administration's proposal for creating a new Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) and a Nuclear Energy Commission (NEC). (JR)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1973

1973-01-01

199

Panel Discussion Crisis in Ukraine: Six Perspectives  

E-print Network

, Director of the Russian and East European Institute RUSSIAN AND EAST EUROPEAN INSTITUTE INDI ANA UNI VPanel Discussion Crisis in Ukraine: Six Perspectives Tuesday, March 11, 2014 | 7:00-9:00pm Maurer

Indiana University

200

The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race  

E-print Network

The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit Thomas J. Sugrue Winner, and economic inequality that plagued Detroit were preva- lent in other urban centers as well. The book served

Landweber, Laura

201

NZER WORKING PAPER SERIES BOLIVIA'S ECONOMIC CRISIS  

E-print Network

the dislocations of war or revolution. One major theme of our work is that the recent economic crisis in Bolivia in the country. The Revolution of 1952 was led by of the National Revolutionary Movement, the MNR, which governed

202

Essays on the Financial Crisis and Globalization  

E-print Network

Fraud (lending practices that created toxic financialFinancial Crisis and Globalization – Nirvikar Singh, University of California, Santa Cruz straightforward consumer fraudfraud and negligence, not of broad ideology. Ultimately, the financial

Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01

203

Analyzing Crisis in Global Financial Indices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We apply the Random Matrix Theory and complex network techniques to 20 global financial indices and study the correlation and network properties before and during the financial crisis of 2008 respectively. We find that the largest eigenvalue deviate significantly from the upper bound which shows a strong correlation between financial indices. By using a sliding window of 25 days we find that largest eigenvalue represent the collective information about the correlation between global financial indices and its trend indicate the market conditions. It is confirmed that eigenvectors corresponding to second largest eigenvalue gives useful information about the sector formation in the global financial indices. We find that these clusters are formed on the basis of the geographical location. The correlation network is constructed using threshold method for different values of threshold ? in the range 0 to 0.9, at ?=0.2 the network is fully connected. At ?=0.6, the Americas, Europe and Asia/Pacific form different clusters before the crisis but during the crisis Americas and Europe are strongly linked. If we further increase the threshold to 0.9 we find that European countries France, Germany and UK consistently constitute the most tightly linked markets before and during the crisis. We find that the structure of Minimum Spanning Tree before the crisis is more star like whereas during the crisis it changes to be more chain like. Using the multifractal analysis, we find that Hurst exponents of financial indices increases during the period of crisis as compared to the period before the crisis. The empirical results verify the validity of measures, and this has led to a better understanding of complex financial markets.

Kumar, Sunil; Deo, Nivedita

204

Approaches to Ethics for Corporate Crisis Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ethics of corporate crisis management is a seriously underdeveloped field. Among recent proposals in the area, two contributions\\u000a stand out: Seeger and Ulmer’s (2001) virtue ethics approach to crisis management ethics and Simola’s (2003) ethics of care.\\u000a In the first part of the paper, I argue that both contributions are problematic: Seeger and Ulmer focus on top management\\u000a and

Per Sandin

2009-01-01

205

Lunar Phases and Crisis Center Telephone Calls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lunar hypothesis, that is, the notion that lunar phases can directly affect human behavior, was tested by time-series analysis of 4,575 crisis center telephone calls (all calls recorded for a 6-month interval). As expected, the lunar hypothesis was not supported. The 28-day lunar cycle accounted for less than 1% of the variance of the frequency of crisis center calls.

James E. Wilson II; Jerome J. Tobacyk

1990-01-01

206

Extensive expertise in endocrinology. Adrenal crisis.  

PubMed

Adrenal crisis is a life-threatening emergency contributing to the excess mortality of patients with adrenal insufficiency. Studies in patients on chronic replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency have revealed an incidence of 5-10 adrenal crises/100 patient years and suggested a mortality rate from adrenal crisis of 0.5/100 patient years. Patients with adrenal crisis typically present with profoundly impaired well-being, hypotension, nausea and vomiting, and fever responding well to parenteral hydrocortisone administration. Infections are the major precipitating causes of adrenal crisis. Lack of increased cortisol concentrations during infection enhances pro-inflammatory cytokine release and sensitivity to the toxic effects of these cytokines (e.g. tumour necrosis factor alpha). Furthermore, pro-inflammatory cytokines may impair glucocorticoid receptor function aggravating glucocorticoid deficiency. Treatment of adrenal crisis is simple and highly effective consisting of i.v. hydrocortisone (initial bolus of 100 ?mg followed by 200 ?mg over 24? h as continuous infusion) and 0.9% saline (1000? ml within the first hour). Prevention of adrenal crisis requires appropriate hydrocortisone dose adjustments to stressful medical procedures (e.g. major surgery) and other stressful events (e.g. infection). Patient education is a key for such dose adjustments but current education concepts are not sufficiently effective. Thus, improved education strategies are needed. Every patient should carry an emergency card and should be provided with an emergency kit for parenteral hydrocortisone self-administration. A hydrocortisone pen would hold a great potential to lower the current barriers to hydrocortisone self-injection. Improved patient education and measures to facilitate parenteral hydrocortisone self-administration in impending crisis are expected to significantly reduce morbidity and mortality from adrenal crisis. PMID:25288693

Allolio, Bruno

2015-03-01

207

Crisis management during anaesthesia: recovering from a crisis  

PubMed Central

Preventing harm to the patient is the priority during a crisis. After a major incident, and especially when a patient has been harmed, there are a number of matters to be addressed: the ongoing care of the patient; documentation of the incident; investigation of the root causes; completion of reports; interviews with the patient and/or the next of kin, together with apologies and expression of regret; updates and ongoing support for friends and relatives; a word of thanks to the staff involved for their assistance; formal debriefing of staff for quality assurance and possibly ongoing support and a separate debriefing for psychological purposes; ensuring that the recommendations of the root cause analysis are carried out; or, failing that, that the issues are logged on a risk register. The extent and depth of the follow up protocol depends on what, if any, harm may have been done. This may constitute completion of an incident report; notification of an equipment failure to a federal regulatory authority; arranging consultations with a mental health professional to manage psychological sequelae (especially following an awareness episode); follow up during weeks of intensive care treatment; or, when a death has occurred, a full medico-legal and/or coronial set of procedures. A précis is appended in an action card format. PMID:15933299

Bacon, A; Morris, R; Runciman, W; Currie, M

2005-01-01

208

Health without wealth? Costa Rica's health system under economic crisis.  

PubMed

The recent history of Costa Rica's health system is reviewed, emphasizing the health-related effects of the economic crisis of the 1980s. This economic crisis has stopped and in some instances reversed the marked health improvements Costa Rica realized during the decade of the 1970s. The effects of the economic crisis emerge in 4 areas: deterioration in health status, as poverty contributed to higher disease rates; reductions in the government's ability to maintain public health and medical services; increased reliance on foreign aid to finance the health system; and growing national debate over the role of the state in health care. The result of the economic crisis was a reduction in health services and a questioning of the Costa Rican health model. This occurred following the implementation of an expensive health infrastructure and at a time when people most needed health services. During the 1941-70 period, domestic initiative can account for much of the expansion of Costa Rica's social security system, but also at this time international agencies such as the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Inter-American Development began to assist in the expansion of the health system. In 1971 a plan was initiated to create a nationalized health system. By 1980 the success of the health sector reorganization was evident in the statistics: marked improvements in life expectancy, infant mortality, and infectious disease mortality had surpassed the goals set by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Ministry of Health. Costa Rica's success was a vindication of both policy goals and funding priorities, for it has been "proved" that primary health care was capable of improving health indices, particularly where the agencies had the active and conscientious support of the national government. By 1977, foreign contracts for aid had expired, and the Ministry declared that the rural health program would be supported totally by the government. The Minister of Health continued in 1982 to champion self-sufficiency despite a changed economic climate, but by early 1984 Costa Rica had to abandon its plan to wean the health sector from outside aid. In 1982 the health sector became the center of a nationwide debate. Representatives of the large agricultural export sector, who usually support free-market solutions to economic problems, lobbied for "reprivatization" of medical care. Those committed to expansion of the welfare state argued from the other extreme. The government offered concessions to both groups. The debate did end in 1986, most likely because of the overall easing of the economic crisis. The government needs to maintain state control over the health system while not exceeding its austerity budget and not reducing health services. PMID:3108317

Morgan, L M

1987-01-01

209

"I Love My Child But I Need Help...": How To Develop a Crisis Nursery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents guidelines for the development of various types of 24-hour crisis nurseries designed to counter or prevent child abuse by providing parents with emergency relief from child care. Such centers accommodate small groups of children for a limited maximum time, ranging from 72 hours to six months. Topics covered are: types of…

Curtis, Joan C.

210

Social Validity of the Critical Incident Stress Management Model for School-Based Crisis Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) model for crisis intervention was developed for use with emergency service personnel. Research regarding the use of the CISM model has been conducted among civilians and high-risk occupation groups with mixed results. The purpose of this study is to examine the social validity of the CISM model for…

Morrison, Julie Q.

2007-01-01

211

Open Distance Learning for Development: Lessons from Strengthening Research Capacity on Gender, Crisis Prevention, and Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper documents the experience and lessons from implementing an e-learning program aimed at creating research capacity for gender, crisis prevention, and recovery. It presents a case study of bringing together a multidisciplinary group of women professionals through both online and face-to-face interactions to learn the skills needed to be a…

Babu, Suresh Chandra; Ferguson, Jenna; Parsai, Nilam; Almoguera, Rose

2013-01-01

212

Bank-firm relations and the role of Mutual Guarantee Institutions during the crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the role played by Mutual Guarantee Institutions (MGIs) in the lending policies undertaken by banks at the peak of the Great Crisis of 2007-2009. We address this issue by using a large database on Italian firms built from the credit files of UniCredit banking Group and focusing on small business. We provide an empirical analysis of the determinants

Francesca Bartoli; Giovanni Ferri; Pierluigi Murro; Zeno Rotondi

2011-01-01

213

Accelerating and Braking in Times of Economic Crisis: Organisational Learning in a Top Management Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the results of a study of an industrial company's top management team (TMT) that fought to survive an economic crisis. Specifically, the article seeks to focus on describing the TMT's composition, group processes, and work during a period of high external pressure; analysing the TMT's work in…

Wallo, Andreas; Kock, Henrik; Nilsson, Peter

2012-01-01

214

The Politics of Mourning and the Crisis of Poland’s Symbolic Language after April 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the deep political and cultural impact of the plane crash on April 10, 2010. The tragedy that cost the life of a president, Lech Kaczy?ski, his wife, and a group of leading parliamentarians across political divides took place near the traumatically laden site of the Katy? forest and has led to a crisis of communal symbolic language.

Joanna Ni?y?ska

2010-01-01

215

[The economic-financial crisis and health in Spain. Evidence and viewpoints. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

The objectives of the SESPAS 2014 Report are as follows: a) to analyze the impact of the economic crisis on health and health-related behaviors, on health inequalities, and on the determinants of health in Spain; b) to describe the changes in the Spanish health system following measures to address the crisis and assess its potential impact on health; c) to review the evidence on the health impact of economic crises in other countries, as well as policy responses; and d) to suggest policy interventions alternative to those carried out to date with a population health perspective and scientific evidence in order to help mitigate the impact of the economic downturn on health and health inequalities. The report is organized in five sections: 1) the economic, financial and health crisis: causes, consequences, and contexts; 2) the impact on structural determinants of health and health inequalities; 3) the impact on health and health-related behaviors, and indicators for monitoring; 4) the impact on health systems; and 5) the impact on specific populations: children, seniors, and immigrants. There is some evidence on the relationship between the crisis and the health of the Spanish population, health inequalities, some changes in lifestyle, and variations in access to health services. The crisis has impacted many structural determinants of health, particularly among the most vulnerable population groups. Generally, policy responses on how to manage the crisis have not taken the evidence into account. The crisis may contribute to making public policy vulnerable to corporate action, thus jeopardizing the implementation of healthy policies. PMID:24863987

Cortès-Franch, Imma; González López-Valcárcel, Beatriz

2014-06-01

216

A crisis recovery model for adolescents with severe mental health problems.  

PubMed

A model of intervention at the interface and for the in-patient phase for adolescents with severe mental health crises was developed to reduce length of stay while maintaining quality of service consonant with the 'recovery model'. The model is described, and discussed in the context of the limited literature on both crisis intervention with adolescents and families, and 'recovery' in this age-group. The model may be suitable also for use by community teams dealing with adolescents in crisis. PMID:23060601

Kaplan, Tony; Racussen, Lisa

2013-04-01

217

Plans that Work: (Excerpt from "Before Crisis Hits: Building a Strategic Crisis Plan")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are close to 1,200 community colleges in the United States, and their level of crisis preparation ranges from very thorough to not prepared at all. A survey of American Association of Community Colleges membership found a number of community colleges that not only had good crisis plans but were proud of the work that had gone into them and…

Smith, Larry L.; Millar, Dan P.

2005-01-01

218

Helping Crisis Managers Protect Reputational Assets: Initial Tests of the Situational Crisis Communication Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains a comprehensive, prescriptive, situational approach for responding to crises and protecting organizational reputation: the situational crisis communication theory (SCCT). Notes undergraduate students read two crisis case studies from a set of 13 cases and responded to questions following the case. Validates a key assumption in SCCT and…

Coombs, W. Timothy; Holladay, Sherry J.

2002-01-01

219

Expanding the Crisis Planning Function: Introducing Elements of Risk Communication to Crisis Communication Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests use of elements of risk communication by crisis communication practitioners facing increasing industrial reliance on new technologies which might be associated with potential health/environment harm. Studies a small company crisis which reveals that elements of anticipation, public involvement/trust, technological comparison, and media…

Williams, David E.; Olaniran, Bolanle A.

1998-01-01

220

Chaos and Crisis: Propositions for a General Theory of Crisis Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents key concepts of chaos theory (CT) as a general framework for describing organizational crisis and crisis communication. Discusses principles of predictability, sensitive dependence on initial conditions, bifurcation as system breakdown, emergent self-organization, and fractals and strange attractors as principles of organization. Explores…

Seeger, Matthew W.

2002-01-01

221

A Crisis in Counseling: Questioning the Role of Crisis Counselors Within Police Departments.  

PubMed

This essay highlights the author's personal journey through suicide loss and the subsequent police investigation of her spouse's death. Through a recounting of the loss itself, and details of the police interrogation and attempts at crisis counseling, the author demonstrates how current police protocol and crisis counseling initiatives may (re)victimize trauma survivors. PMID:24171477

Jacobs, Angela S

2014-09-01

222

Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today  

E-print Network

Article Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today David George A. Romero. Afin de déterminer ce qui, dans le film de zombie et la figure du zombie, permet ces lectures politiques, cet article examine, d'abord, les films de zombie classiques influencés par le vaudou

Boyer, Edmond

223

Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today  

E-print Network

Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today David Roche concerns. In order to determine what makes the zombie movie and the figure of the zombie so productive of political readings, this article examines, first, the classic zombie movies influenced by voodoo lore

Boyer, Edmond

224

Zimbabwe Land Crisis Turns Violent  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This weekend the land crisis in Zimbabwe was marked by violence as one white farmer was killed and two members of the country's opposition party were the victims of a firebombing. In the past week, Zimbabwe veterans of the country's war for independence began occupying prime farmland owned exclusively by whites. These squatters have demanded that land redistribution promised for years by President Mugabe's government be enacted immediately. Mugabe himself, with an eye on upcoming elections in May, has supported the squatters, warning white farmers that he cannot protect them if they "provoke the war veterans." Early Monday, perhaps in response to international pressure, Mugabe modified his position somewhat, promising to maintain peace in the region, but stopping short of telling squatters to vacate the farms. Land reform has been a major issue in the country since it won its independence from Britain. Currently, about 4,500 white farmers own 11 million hectares of prime agricultural land while one million blacks divide 16 million hectares-typically in drought-prone areas. The political situation in the country also worsened with the firebombing death of two prominent members of the country's opposition party, Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). The killings were an ominous sign for the upcoming elections, especially since Mugabe did not condemn the attacks. Diplomats and observers are concerned that the elections next month may be marred by coercion, corruption, and violence. Not surprisingly, many whites in Zimbabwe have recently sought to reclaim their UK passports in possible preparation for fleeing the country.

Charbonneau, David D.

225

Cholinergic Crisis after Rodenticide Poisoning  

PubMed Central

Rodenticides have historically been common agents in attempted suicides. As most rodenticides in the United States (U.S.) are superwarfarins, these ingestions are generally managed conservatively with close monitoring for coagulopathy, and if necessary, correction of any resulting coagulopathy. However, alternate forms of rodenticides are imported illegally into the U.S. and may be ingested either accidentally or in suicide attempts. We present an unusual case of poisoning by the illegally imported rodenticide, “Tres Pasitos.” The main ingredient of this rat poison is aldicarb, a potent carbamate pesticide that causes fulminant cholinergic crisis. This case is relevant and timely because carbamates and organophosphates are still used as insecticides and emergency physicians (EP) working in rural areas may have to evaluate and manage patients with these poisonings. As international travel and immigration have increased, so has the possibility of encountering patients who have ingested toxic substances from other countries. In addition, there has been increased concern about the possibility of acts of terrorism using chemical substances that cause cholinergic toxidromes.1,2 EPs must be able to recognize and manage these poisonings. This report describes the mechanism of action, clinical manifestations, laboratory evaluation and management of this type of poisoning. The pertinent medical literature on poisoning with aldicarb and similar substances is reviewed. PMID:21293782

Waseem, Muhammad; Perry, Christopher; Bomann, Scott; Pai, Meena; Gernsheimer, Joel

2010-01-01

226

"We belong to them": the costs of funding for rape crisis centers.  

PubMed

This research explores the transformation of rape crisis centers and whether directors, staff, interns, and volunteers see changes as beneficial or detrimental to rape crisis centers and the victims they serve. Data from 63 interviews with directors, staff, interns, and volunteers from six rape crisis centers located in four East Coast states indicate that although centers may have been formed for different reasons depending on when they opened, all have become more professional, rely less on volunteers, engage in more collaboration with other agencies, and have largely abandoned their traditional activism agenda. Traditional activism through political protests and membership in consciousness raising groups has been replaced by community education and outreach. Some of these changes are viewed as positive whereas others are viewed as negative. PMID:22083657

Maier, Shana L

2011-11-01

227

Sovereign debt crisis in the European Union: A minimum spanning tree approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the wake of the financial crisis, sovereign debt crisis has emerged and is severely affecting some countries in the European Union, threatening the viability of the euro and even the EU itself. This paper applies recent developments in econophysics, in particular the minimum spanning tree approach and the associate hierarchical tree, to analyze the asynchronization between the four most affected countries and other resilient countries in the euro area. For this purpose, daily government bond yield rates are used, covering the period from April 2007 to October 2010, thus including yield rates before, during and after the financial crises. The results show an increasing separation of the two groups of euro countries with the deepening of the government bond crisis.

Dias, João

2012-03-01

228

[Impact of the economic crisis on the right to a healthy diet. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

The present article analyzes the impact of the economic crisis on food consumption in Spain, the most affected social profiles, and the consequences of changing patterns of food consumption on health. This article is based on official reports and previous empirical studies. The crisis has affected diet and food consumption. Families are attempting to spend less money on food. Food insecurity is rising and the most affected groups are those spending a higher proportion of their income on food. Cuts in food spending run parallel with unhealthy eating habits that encourage obesity. Consequently, the crisis contributes to undermining the right to a healthy diet, recognized by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of the United Nations. PMID:24863995

Antentas, Josep Maria; Vivas, Esther

2014-06-01

229

Role of Committed Minorities in Times of Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The surprising social phenomena of the Arab Spring and the Occupy Wall Street movement posit the question of whether the active role of committed groups may produce political changes of significant importance. Under what conditions are the convictions of a minority going to dominate the future direction of a society? We use a Cooperative Decision Making (CDM) model to study the effect of committed minorities on group behavior in time of crisis. The CDM model has been shown to generate consensus through a phase-transition process that at criticality establishes long-range correlations among the individuals within a model society. In a condition of high consensus, the correlation function vanishes, thereby making the network recover the ordinary locality condition. However, this state is not permanent and times of crisis occur when there is an ambiguity concerning a given social issue. The correlation function within the cooperative system becomes similarly extended as it is observed at criticality. This combination of independence (free will) and long-range correlation makes it possible for very small but committed minorities to produce substantial changes in social consensus.

Turalska, Malgorzata; Grigolini, Paolo; West, Bruce J.

2013-03-01

230

Two pulses of extinction during the Permian-Triassic crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Permian-Triassic mass extinction is the most severe biotic crisis identified in Earth history. Over 90% of marine species were eliminated, causing the destruction of the marine ecosystem structure. This biotic crisis is generally interpreted as a single extinction event around 252.3 million years ago, and has been variously attributed to the eruption of the Siberian Traps or possibly a bolide impact. Here we demonstrate that the marine extinction consisted of two pulses, separated by a 180,000-year recovery phase. We evaluated the range of 537 species representing 17 marine groups in seven Chinese sections from a 450,000-year interval spanning the Permian-Triassic boundary. The first stage of extinction occurred during the latest Permian, and was marked by the extinction of 57% of species, namely all plankton and some benthic groups, including algae, rugose corals, and fusulinids. The second phase occurred in the earliest Triassic, and resulted in the extinction of 71% of the remaining species. This second extinction phase fundamentally altered the marine ecosystem structure that had existed for the previous 200 million years. Because the two pulses showed different extinction selectivity, we conclude that they may have had different environmental causes.

Song, Haijun; Wignall, Paul B.; Tong, Jinnan; Yin, Hongfu

2013-01-01

231

Crisis Visits and Psychiatric Hospitalizations Among Patients Attending a Community Clinic in Rural Southern California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnic minorities from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds report increased utilization of mental health emergency services;\\u000a however findings have been inconsistent across ethnic\\/racial groups. In this study we describe patients who present to a rural\\u000a crisis unit in Southern California, examine rates of psychiatric hospitalizations across ethnic\\/racial groups, and investigate\\u000a factors that are associated with increased psychiatric hospitalizations in this sample. This

Alvaro Camacho; Bernardo Ng; Anabel Bejarano; Alan Simmons; Denise Chavira

232

Macedonia: New faces in Skopje  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These reports from the International Crisis Group (ICG) provide information about the volatile socio-political situation in the South Balkans, specifically in the nations of Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. Macedonia: New faces in Skopje analyzes the recent parliamentary elections and the change of government in Macedonia.

1999-01-01

233

Crisis Communication: The Business Communicator's Strategies for Communicating under Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses the 1979 Three Mile Island nuclear plant accident to illustrate the communication problems embedded in a crisis. Describes the reactions created by the stress related to crisis. Suggests business communication strategies for improving communication to the public. (SR)

Vielhaber, Mary E.

1990-01-01

234

Oculogyric crisis in a patient taking metoclopramide  

PubMed Central

Oculogyric crisis is an acute dystonic reaction of the ocular muscles characterized by bilateral dystonic elevation of visual gaze lasting from seconds to hours. This reaction is most commonly explained as an adverse reaction to drugs such as antiemetics, antipsychotics, antidepressants, antiepileptics, and antimalarials. Although the incidence of metoclopramide-induced acute dystonic reactions has been reported as 25% in children, there have been few published cases on oculogyric crisis in general. It is important to be able to recognize this ocular side effect because, without a thorough patient history, symptoms can be confused with other diseases such as versive seizures, paroxysmal tonic upward gaze, and encephalopathy. In this paper, we report a case of oculogyric crisis induced by metoclopramide. PMID:24672222

Koban, Yaran; Ekinci, Metin; Cagatay, Halil Huseyin; Yazar, Zeliha

2014-01-01

235

Commercial speech in crisis: Crisis Pregnancy Center regulations and definitions of commercial speech.  

PubMed

Recent attempts to regulate Crisis Pregnancy Centers, pseudoclinics that surreptitiously aim to dissuade pregnant women from choosing abortion, have confronted the thorny problem of how to define commercial speech. The Supreme Court has offered three potential answers to this definitional quandary. This Note uses the Crisis Pregnancy Center cases to demonstrate that courts should use one of these solutions, the factor-based approach of Bolger v. Youngs Drugs Products Corp., to define commercial speech in the Crisis Pregnancy Center cases and elsewhere. In principle and in application, the Bolger factor-based approach succeeds in structuring commercial speech analysis at the margins of the doctrine. PMID:23461000

Gilbert, Kathryn E

2013-02-01

236

Behavioral disorders: the new public health crisis.  

PubMed

Behavioral health has become a public health crisis. No other public health crises are as widespread or contribute as much to the burden of illness in the U.S. as do behavioral health disorders. By 2020, mental and substance use disorders will surpass all physical diseases worldwide as major causes of disability. Yet state and federal governments continue to make steep cuts to funding for public behavioral health services. We cannot afford to wait for the next national tragedy to recognize that behavioral health disorders are a public health crisis deserving of our nation's attention and support. PMID:22201033

Rosenberg, Linda

2012-01-01

237

Can a bank crisis break your heart?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  To assess whether a banking system crisis increases short-term population cardiovascular mortality rates.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  International, longitudinal multivariate regression analysis of cardiovascular disease mortality data from 1960 to 2002\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  A system-wide banking crisis increases population heart disease mortality rates by 6.4% (95% CI: 2.5% to 10.2%, p < 0.01)\\u000a in high income countries, after controlling for economic change, macroeconomic instability, and population

David Stuckler; Christopher M Meissner; Lawrence P King

2008-01-01

238

Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis  

E-print Network

1 Jackie (jackiejlh) wrote, 2008-12-24 01:20:00 (FIC) Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis Author's Note: Written with full permission from the lovely mina_de_malfois. Loosely based on this dea from delurker: Mina agonises over what..., this fic ignores most of the newish plot points of Season Three. Merry Christmas, everyone. Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis I'd been holiday shopping for hours and was thoroughly exhausted—Amazon can take a lot of out of a girl when she...

2008-12-24

239

A Written Simulation Measure to Evaluate Police Crisis Intervention Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the background and development of the Crisis Intervention Simulation Survey, (CISS), a written simulation instrument designed to assess police officers' knowledge of effective crisis intervention skills and the awareness of their emotional responses to selected crisis intervention situations. It summarizes the recent history of…

Meerbaum, Monica Leonie

240

Best Practices in School Crisis Prevention and Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication on best practices in crisis prevention and intervention is divided among the concepts of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. The introductory chapter examines crisis theory and establishes a foundation for the comprehensive crisis prevention and intervention team. It also attempts to bridge the gap between theory and…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Lazarus, Philip J., Jr., Ed.; Jimerson, Shane R., Ed.

241

Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation of Public Crisis Management Capability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific and accurate evaluation of the government crisis management capabilities, which is the foundation for comprehensive risk management. Comprehensive identification and analysis of factors that affect the public sector crisis management capabilities and scientific designing of the crisis management capability evaluation system and choosing a suitable method of the evaluation model will be able to reach targeted and protect society

Dai Bibo

2010-01-01

242

Write the Plan before You Have the Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the development process and essential elements of a crisis communication strategy. Key steps include: (1) selecting a spokesperson; (2) publicizing the spokesperson's identity; (3) preparing a crisis notebook; (4) providing cell phones; (5) choosing a news conference location; (6) rehearsing crisis scenarios; and (7) obtaining interview…

Wirth, Eileen

2002-01-01

243

Proactive Communication in a Crisis-Driven World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrators can prepare for crisis situations by conducting safety assessments at all schools and district facilities, involving community resources, updating district and school discipline and crisis-communication plans, establishing a crisis-intervention team, providing staff training, establishing "suspicious behavior" reporting procedures,…

Kleinz, Karen H.

1999-01-01

244

On-the-fly adaptation of crisis response information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents our solution to build an adaptive information system to support a crisis response. The Characteristics of crisis response bring us to choose a solution based on a mediator, named Mediation Information System. Unfortunately, crisis is an evolutionary phenomenon. Consequently, our information system has to evolve with the situation. For this, we propose an adaptation service. This adaptation

Sébastien Truptil; Frédérick Bénaben; Hervé Pingaud

2011-01-01

245

The University of Massachusetts Lowell Crisis Management Plan  

E-print Network

The University of Massachusetts Lowell Crisis Management Plan The University of Massachusetts Lowell Crisis Management Plan Page 1 I. Introduction A crisis can erupt at any time and in any form of equipment and supplies, a communications plan, a program of practice scenarios ­ all developed in advance

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

246

How Should the Financial Crisis Change How We Teach Economics?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student dissatisfaction with teaching of economics--particularly with macroeconomics--during the current financial crisis mirrors dissatisfaction that was expressed during the last big crisis, the Great Depression. Then and now, a good number of students have felt that their lectures bear little relation to the economic crisis raging outside the…

Shiller, Robert J.

2010-01-01

247

AFTER A SEXUAL ASSAULT Rape Crisis Center, Inc.  

E-print Network

AFTER A SEXUAL ASSAULT Rape Crisis Center, Inc. Dane County, Wisconsin TABLE OF CONTENTS system. You don't need to receive any medical or legal help alone. A counselor from the Rape Crisis with whom you feel comfortable. Through the Rape Crisis Center, you can call and discuss your feelings

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

248

Responding to the Unthinkable: School Crisis Response and Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mental health implications of crisis exposure have emerged as a critical and challenging facet of school safety and crisis response, expanding our focus to encompass both psychological and physical safety, as well as prevention and recovery. Best practice reflects this evolution in our understanding and encompasses the continuum of crisis and…

Cowan, Katherine C.; Rossen, Eric

2014-01-01

249

The Classical Diffusion Paradigm in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The erosion of the credibility of the classical diffusion paradigm by recent challenges to its fundamental assumptions has resulted in a "paradigmatic crisis" as related to research on the diffusion of agricultural innovations. Such basic assumptions as that of a harmonious and cooperative society and of agricultural research guided by endogenous…

Hooks, Gregory

250

Crisis management in schools: evidence- based prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical incidents in or involving schools include shootings, stabbings, other forms of homicide, terrorist activity, suicide, road traffic accidents, major fires and natural disasters, which result or might result in death and\\/or serious injury to students and staff. Where crisis management plans exist, they might be based on 'common sense' or clinical judgement, risking worsening rather than improving outcomes. The

Wilson MacNeil; Keith Topping

2007-01-01

251

Culture and Crisis Response in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Zealand is a bicultural nation, founded on the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi by the native Maori and the British Crown. It is also home to people from many countries, cultures and ethnicities. Therefore, culturally-relevant response to crisis events has become a significant aspect of the Ministry of Education's interdisciplinary Traumatic…

Annan, Jean; Dean, Shelley; Henry, Geoff; McGhie, Desiree; Phillipson, Roger

2010-01-01

252

When the circuit breaks -- America's energy crisis  

SciTech Connect

This report shows how America's energy crisis happened and what possibilities the future holds. It examines some solutions available through the development of coal, oil, and natural gas resources. Looks at nuclear, geothermal, and solar energy sources which could be developed. Stresses the importance of conserving energy at home, in transportation, in business, and in industry.

Not Available

1994-01-01

253

When the circuit breaks -- America's energy crisis  

SciTech Connect

The film shows how America's energy crisis happened and what possibilities the future holds. It examines some solutions available through the development of coal, oil, and natural gas resources, looks at nuclear, geothermal, and solar energy sources which could be developed, and stresses the importance of conserving energy at home, in transportation, in business, and in industry.

Not Available

1994-01-01

254

Managing a Crisis for School Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, campus tragedies across the country have prompted leaders of education institutions to redouble their crisis planning efforts. Too often, however, these emergency plans focus almost exclusively on facilities, hardware and systems without sufficient consideration for the people they potentially affect. People, not equipment, will…

Badzmierowski, William F.

2011-01-01

255

MMR – public policy in crisis: whose tragedy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To explore the issues surrounding the falling rates of MMR vaccination following the publication of a controversial study by Wakefield et al. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In order to take a fresh look at the MMR crisis, the Greek tragedy, Antigone, was used as a “strong plot” to de-contextualise the underlying social and political issues. In this short paper, two

Laura Stroud

2005-01-01

256

Crisis/Opportunity: 2011 WICHE Workplan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public higher education has faced a crisis of massive proportions in the first decade of this millennium. Nevertheless, for higher education, this year represents a turning point and, yes, an opportunity. The opportunity, then, for the West is one that generations of Americans are familiar with: to do more with less. Dealing with scarcity--whether…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2010

2010-01-01

257

Crisis/Opportunity: 2011 Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If there's one quality that WICHE's home region, the West, is famous for, it's endurance in the face of crisis. And if there's another, it's the ability to find--and make--opportunities even in tough times. Over the last fiscal year, WICHE has done just that. The organization has been highly successful in terms of developing new projects and…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2011

2011-01-01

258

Characteristics of the Biopsychosocial Crisis of Infertility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a framework for understanding the crisis of infertility which is characterized by extensive anxiety, damaged self-esteem, grief, uncertainty about the future, and estranged relationships with each other and with family and friends. Proposes some interventions appropriate to helpers from a variety of disciplines. (ABB)

Cook, Ellen Piel

1987-01-01

259

Why the Economic Crisis Was Not Anticipated  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An article in the October 11 "New York Times" attributed the almost universal failure to anticipate the current economic crisis to "insanity"--more precisely, to a psychological inability to give proper weight to past events, so that if there is prosperity today people assume that it will last forever, even though they know that in the past booms…

Posner, Richard A.

2009-01-01

260

Managing a Crisis with Social Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thanks to the proliferation of handheld devices and social media such as Facebook and Twitter, people can share information instantly and succinctly. The December 8, 2011, shooting on the Virginia Tech campus underscores how important it is for information to go out quickly but accurately to help school administrators effectively manage a crisis.…

Bender, T. Gregory

2012-01-01

261

The Crisis in Air Pollution Manpower Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies conducted by the National Air Pollution Manpower Development Advisory Committee concluded there is a crisis in air pollution manpower development within the United States today. The studies investigated the existing federal manpower program, air pollution educational requirements and the quality of graduate level university programs.…

Moeller, Dade W.

1974-01-01

262

Using Crowdsourcing to Enhance Crisis Management  

E-print Network

and disseminate it to the public [2]. Yet the growing use of mobile phones and social media is responsibleUsing Crowdsourcing to Enhance Crisis Management Alfred C. Weaver and Joseph P. Boyle Department that a natural disaster or terrorist attack strikes, it would be valuable for both individuals and officials

Batson, Alan

263

From Crisis to Cooperation and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

OhioLINK, the ambitious and distinctive network of libraries from over fifty Ohio colleges and universities, is maturing. The year 1997 marks the ten-year anniversary of the “Red Report” from the Ohio Board of Regents to the General Assembly as the state's initial response to its library funding crisis. This year is also the fifth year since the first six libraries

Naomi J. Goodman; Carole L. Hinchcliff

1997-01-01

264

American culture and the 2008 financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to trace the cultural roots of the presently ongoing crisis. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach is to collect rankings of perceived goals of business leaders in 17 countries, from their employees who are attending evening MBA courses. Findings – There are marked differences in goal ranking between countries; overall ranking across countries follows

Geert Hofstede

2009-01-01

265

Boiling Crisis as a Critical Phenomenon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the first experimental study of intermittency and avalanche distribution during a boiling crisis. To understand the emergence of power law statistics we propose a simple spin model capturing the measured critical exponent. The model suggests that behind the critical heat flux is a percolation phenomenon involving drying-rewetting competition close to the hot surface.

Lloveras, P.; Salvat-Pujol, F.; Truskinovsky, L.; Vives, E.

2012-05-01

266

The Racial Crisis in American Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays addresses the need for continued research in race-related issues on college campuses. The book examines the causes and the impact of campus racial tensions by studying some key university case studies and by investigating some of the underlying elements of the crisis. Essays and their authors are as follows: "The Racial…

Altbach, Philip G., Ed.; Lomotey, Kofi, Ed.

267

A Space Crisis. Alaska State Museum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 24,000 square foot Alaska State Museum is experiencing a space crisis which hinders its ability to effectively meet present demands. The museum's collection has more than tripled from 5,600 objects 17 years ago to 23,000 objects today. Available storage and exhibition space is filled and only 10% of the collection is on exhibit. The reason for…

Alaska State Museum, Juneau.

268

Androgyny, ego development, and psychosocial crisis resolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the relationship of psychological androgyny with ego development in the context of Loevinger's theory and with psychosocial crisis resolution from the perspective of Erikson's theory. A sample of 30 male and 30 female adults completed the Bem Sex-role Inventory, the Washington University Sentence Completion Test, and the Inventory of Psychosocial Development (IPD). The androgynous individuals were

Karen J. Prager; John M. Bailey

1985-01-01

269

Water shortages: the next energy crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water shortages in the late 1980s could rival the energy crisis of the 70s because of world demand for irrigation to feed a growing population. The environmental and energy costs of new systems for water transfer and irrigation will be enormous for each of the major food-producing countries. Competition between urban and agricultural water users and preservationists will be intense.

Stokes

1983-01-01

270

Rubber smallholders' flexibility No windfall, no crisis  

E-print Network

"). With regard to rubber, there is clearly a dualism of seedlings and clonal material. This dualism is more the other dramatic changes faced by Indonesian rubber smallholders? In addition to the economic crisis but not least, oil palm development looms in traditional rubber regions. Might it hamper the development

Boyer, Edmond

271

Crisis Management in a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, and Columbine High School, USA. Two headline tragedies that have led to trauma for their pupils and staff. Trauma that could be devastating because of the psychological impact and the practical requirements a crisis brings. Children's social and personal development can be negatively affected, their academic…

Barclay, Colette

2004-01-01

272

In a Crisis, Focus on the People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author recalls a situation he encountered when a 4-year old boy inexplicably collapsed unconscious to the ground in the middle of his preschool classroom. She describes how the school had a detailed emergency and crisis plan in effect and how they utilized it while dealing with this situation. Sections include: (1) A Working…

Hewitt, Paul M.

2004-01-01

273

Preparing to Help Students after a Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Generally, when a student or a staff member coped with the psychological aftermath of a tragedy, they did so without the involvement-or responsibility-of school personnel. But educators have come to recognize that schools play a critical role in any crisis response and care system serving children and youth. This is true whether teachers are…

Brock, Stephen E.; Cowan, Kathy

2004-01-01

274

Autobiographic Notes on the Identity Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes his training conducted by Anna Freud and the emergence of his concepts of identity and identity crisis. He recapitulates his conceptual ancestry, insofar as it originates in psychoanalysis, in order to indicate that psychoanalysis represents a very special admixture of laboratory conditions, methodological climate, and…

Erikson, Erik H.

1970-01-01

275

The Crisis of Trust and Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trust, it has been argued, has been declining in government, institutions and professions. For some, this has become significant enough to diagnose a “crisis of trust”. Planning systems and planners have not been immune from this growing sense of mistrust which not only has implications for planners as professionals, but also for planning as an activity. This article explores the

Christopher Swain; Malcolm Tait

2007-01-01

276

The Impact of Economic Crisis on Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a common belief that economic crisis will lead to a decrease in subjective wellbeing. Previous studies indicate that income is correlated with happiness and unemployment with unhappiness. The relationship between increased income and happiness is well documented while the impact of decreased income has been less explored. The aim of this…

Gudmundsdottir, Dora Gudrun

2013-01-01

277

Education and Economic Crisis in Poland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Polish economic crisis is distorting conventional relationships between education and the socioeconomic structure. Case study data and the literature revealed that devaluation of jobs requiring higher education has led to (1) the feminization of education, (2) a decline in educational aspirations, and (3) deleterious implications for teachers'…

Webb, Rosemary; Vulliamy, Graham

1989-01-01

278

Was There Really an Archean Phosphate Crisis?  

E-print Network

Was There Really an Archean Phosphate Crisis? Kurt O. Konhauser,1 * Stefan V. Lalonde,1 Larry may have stripped dis- solved phosphate from the ocean's photic zone during the Archean (1), when massive amounts of iron were deposited in the form of banded iron formations (BIF). Hypothesized phosphate

Konhauser, Kurt

279

America's Energy Crisis: Reality or Hysteria?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American energy crisis is real in that our supplies of fuel which can meet standards imposed on utility emissions are short, and their price is high. It is artificial in that many of the standards could be partially relaxed, and cheaper fuel used by utilities without significant public insult. ...Nuclear power from fission is our best bet."…

Spinrad, Bernard I.

1971-01-01

280

The African Orphan Crisis and International Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The plight of Africa's AIDS orphans has reached crisis proportions, and the international community is beginning to mobilize at the family, community, national, and international levels. Despite these encouraging efforts, the response is inadequate, and increased attention and action are needed. The authors suggest that international adoption,…

Roby, Jini L.; Shaw, Stacey A.

2006-01-01

281

Teaching the Crisis Management/Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that a course or unit in crisis management/communication is an excellent way of teaching public relations theory, management concepts, information management, problem solving, and communication management. Identifies course objectives, discusses main topics and student evaluation, and concludes with advice and a list of readings. (SR)

Coombs, W. Timothy

2001-01-01

282

School Leadership in Times of Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leadership attributes and skills required of school leaders in times of crisis are fundamentally different from those generally required as part of the "normal" school environment. Strong school leadership generally is about positioning the school for the future, and about supporting and empowering staff and students in the pursuit of teaching…

Smith, Larry; Riley, Dan

2012-01-01

283

Image Repair Discourse and Crisis Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the theory of image restoration discourse as an approach for understanding corporate crisis situations. States this theory can be used by practitioners to help design messages during crises and by critics or educators to critically evaluate such messages. Describes and illustrates the theory's basic concepts. Offers suggestions for…

Benoit, William L.

1997-01-01

284

[The crisis as a gateway to care].  

PubMed

Patients in crisis want immediate care to relieve their pain. Apart from this request for immediate intervention, few patients actually come forward to request psychotherapy. In this context, compassionate interaction between caregiver and patient is a special moment which enables suitable care management to be put in place. PMID:24979917

Hulin, Sylvie

2014-01-01

285

Threat Assessment Teams Target School Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses the creation of a threat-assessment team to be utilized in order to analyze each threat and the usage of threat-assessment protocols for the purpose of guiding school administrators through a crisis. These are actually developed with the advice from the US Department of Education and the Secret Service. When a…

Stover, Del

2005-01-01

286

Crisis de deuda soberana en la Eurozona  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: La crisis financiera internacional de 2008-2009, cuyos efectos se propagaron desde los Estados Unidos hasta Europa y el resto del Mundo, potencializó y detonó una serie de problemas estructurales existentes en algunas economías europeas. Concretamente, el mayor endeudamiento público, empleado como motor de crecimiento y despegue de las diversas economías, alcanzó niveles que dejan en jaque la sostenibilidad de

Mauricio López G; Amalia Rodríguez V; Juan Pablo Agudelo G

2010-01-01

287

Simulating a Volcanic Crisis in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the design of a multi-week cooperative learning activity for an undergraduate introductory volcanology class which culminates in the simulation of a volcanic monitoring crisis. Suggests that this activity creates an effective and exciting learning environment in which students have the opportunity to apply theoretical concepts to a more…

Harpp, Karen S.; Sweeney, William J.

2002-01-01

288

Exploring the "Boy Crisis" in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of the "boy gap" or "boy crisis" in education has been the subject of increasing attention across a number of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Given the importance of this issue and the need to better understand the situation in boys' education, this report draws on material and data from a review…

Cappon, Paul

2011-01-01

289

Corporate governance in the Asian financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “Asian Crisis” of 1997–98 affected all the “emerging markets” open to capital flows. Measures of corporate governance, particularly the effectiveness of protection for minority shareholders, explain the extent of exchange rate depreciation and stock market decline better than do standard macroeconomic measures. A possible explanation is that in countries with weak corporate governance, worse economic prospects result in more

Simon Johnson; Peter Boone; Alasdair Breach; Eric Friedman

2000-01-01

290

Infertility: A Crisis with No Resolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses helpful ways for mental health counselors to work with infertile clients, explaining nature of infertility, psychological crisis it provokes, common reactions of infertile clients, and strategies to help clients cope. Discusses specific strategies for assessing clients' potential for suicide or self-destructive acts and improving their…

Butler, Robert R.; Koraleski, Stephanie

1990-01-01

291

Infertility: An Unanticipated and Prolonged Life Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews literature on infertility with a focus on myths and misunderstandings about the causes of infertility; a description of the crisis of infertility including common psychological responses; the additional psychological complexity introduced by medical procedures and reproductive technology; and suggestions for mental health counselors.…

Forrest, Linda; Gilbert, Mary S.

1992-01-01

292

The effect of the subprime crisis on the credit risk in global scale  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Credit default swap (CDS) has become one of the most actively traded credit derivatives, and its importance in finance markets has increased after the subprime crisis. In this study, we analyzed the correlation structure of credit risks embedded in CDS and the influence of the subprime crisis on this topological space. We found that the correlation was stronger in the cluster constructed according to the location of the CDS reference companies than in the one constructed according to their industries. The correlation both within a given cluster and between different clusters became significantly stronger after the subprime crisis. The causality test shows that the lead lag effect between the portfolios (into which reference companies are grouped by the continent where each of them is located) is reversed in direction because the portion of non-investable and investable reference companies in each portfolio has changed since then. The effect of a single impulse has increased and the response time relaxation has become prolonged after the crisis as well.

Lee, Sangwook; Kim, Min Jae; Lee, Sun Young; Kim, Soo Yong; Ban, Joon Hwa

2013-05-01

293

Crisis resource management: evaluating outcomes of a multidisciplinary team.  

PubMed

Crisis resource management (CRM) is a team-training program that teaches nontechnical skills such as: collaboration, communication, task management, teamwork, and leadership. The purpose of this study was to evaluate improvement in the nontechnical skills of a multidisciplinary team of pediatric residents, anesthesiology residents and pediatric nurses following participation in the CRM educational program. Self-efficacy theory guided the teaching method used in the CRM program. The Collaboration and Satisfaction about Care Decisions instrument and the Anesthetists' Nontechnical Skills System served as outcome measures. Seven multidisciplinary groups were studied with a total of 40 subjects. A significant increase was found in posttest scores for perceived collaboration and satisfaction with care and in numerical ratings of observed team skills following the CRM program. The results suggest multidisciplinary team participation in the CRM program increased perceived team collaboration, satisfaction with care, and observed teamwork skills. PMID:19088613

Jankouskas, Tara; Bush, Mary Chasko; Murray, Bosseau; Rudy, Sally; Henry, Jody; Dyer, Anne Marie; Liu, Wenlei; Sinz, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

294

Role of committed minorities in times of crisis.  

PubMed

The surprising social phenomena of the Arab Spring and the Occupy Wall Street movement posit the question of whether the active role of committed groups may produce political changes of significant importance. Under what conditions are the convictions of a minority going to dominate the future direction of a society? We address this question with the help of a Cooperative Decision Making model (CDMM) which has been shown to generate consensus through a phase-transition process. We observe that in a system of a finite size the global consensus state is not permanent and times of crisis occur when there is an ambiguity concerning a given social issue. The correlation function within the cooperative system becomes similarly extended as it is observed at criticality. This combination of independence (free will) and long-range correlation makes it possible for very small but committed minorities to produce substantial changes in social consensus. PMID:23455718

Turalska, Malgorzata; West, Bruce J; Grigolini, Paolo

2013-01-01

295

Road traffic injuries: a major global public health crisis.  

PubMed

Evidence suggests that the present and projected global burden of road traffic injuries is borne disproportionately by countries that can least afford to meet the health service, economic and societal challenges. Although the evidence base on which these estimates are made remains somewhat precarious in view of the limited data systems in most low- and middle-income countries, these projections highlight the essential need to address road traffic injuries as a public health priority. Most well-evaluated effective interventions do not focus directly on efforts to protect vulnerable road users, such as motorcyclists and pedestrians. However, these groups comprise the majority of road traffic victims in low- and middle-income countries, and consequently the majority of road traffic victims globally. Responding appropriately to the disparities in available evidence and prevention efforts is necessary in order to address this global public health crisis comprehensively. PMID:18950819

Sharma, B R

2008-12-01

296

Reviewing the definition of crisis in dementia care  

PubMed Central

Background Crisis is a term frequently used in dementia care lacking a standardized definition. This article systematically reviews existing definitions of crisis in dementia care literature to create a standardized definition that can be utilized for research, policy and clinical practice. Methods We systematically searched for articles containing definitions of crisis in the context of dementia care. We created an operational framework of crisis based on retrieved definitions. Recommendations to address crisis situations were reviewed and classified according to care settings. Results Abstracts and titles of 1,113 articles, screened from PubMed and EMBASE, were narrowed down to 27 articles. After review, crisis in dementia was defined as a process where a stressor causes an imbalance requiring an immediate decision to be made which leads to a desired outcome and therefore a resolution of the crisis. If the crisis is not resolved, the cycle continues. Recommendations for resolving crisis involving persons with dementia and their caregivers include awareness therapy after diagnosis and increased contact with general practitioners, case manager consultations, caregiver support and education. Furthermore, nursing home staff should be attuned to the environmental, physical and psychological needs of persons with dementia. Conclusions This is the first article to review the definition of crisis in the context of dementia care. A review of the literature indicated that the definition of a crisis is idiosyncratic. Therefore, it is difficult to prevent or plan for all crises. We used an operational framework to compile types of crisis stressors and recommendations from the crisis literature based on three different perspectives; the person with the dementia, the caregiver and the healthcare providers. PMID:23374634

2013-01-01

297

Impact of the economic crisis on the health of older persons in Spain: research clues based on an analysis of mortality. SESPAS report 2014.  

PubMed

Older adults are seldom considered in studies on the health impact of economic recessions or crises. However, they constitute a population group that is highly vulnerable to decreases in investment in health and social services and social security. Our aim is to examine the relationship between the economic crisis starting in 2008 and the health status of older adults in Spain. More specifically, we analyze changes in trends of mortality in relation to the crisis, the specific impact of winter on mortality and gender differences in the crisis' impact on mortality. Using data from the National Institute of Statistics of Spain on people over 60 years of age, the number of monthly deaths by age and sex from January 2005 to December 2012 was analyzed. Interrupted time series analyses and the "difference in differences" method were used. During the crisis, for adults 60 years and older: 1) the observed mortality seems to be decreasing at a slower rate than what would have been expected in the absence of the crisis; 2) there has been an increase in winter mortality; 3) the impact of the crisis has been greater for female than for male mortality. These results suggest sizable effects of the economic crisis on the mortality of older adults and argue for research done using more detailed analyses integrating economic indicators. PMID:24864003

Benmarhnia, Tarik; Zunzunegui, Maria-Victoria; Llácer, Alicia; Béland, Francois

2014-06-01

298

Energy gain induced by boundary crisis.  

PubMed

We consider a nonlinear system and show the unexpected and surprising result that, even for high dissipation, the mean energy of a particle can attain higher values than when there is no dissipation in the system. We reconsider the time-dependent annular billiard in the presence of inelastic collisions with the boundaries. For some magnitudes of dissipation, we observe the phenomenon of boundary crisis, which drives the particles to an asymptotic attractive fixed point located at a value of energy that is higher than the mean energy of the nondissipative case and so much higher than the mean energy just before the crisis. We should emphasize that the unexpected results presented here reveal the importance of a nonlinear dynamics analysis to explain the paradoxical strategy of introducing dissipation in the system in order to gain energy. PMID:22060472

Abud, C Vieira; de Carvalho, R Egydio

2011-09-01

299

Russia after the Global Financial Crisis  

E-print Network

Abstract: Two prominent American specialists on the Russian economy present a fundamental analysis of basic economic factors explaining how the global financial crisis has played out in Russia and its implications for the country’s future. More specifically, the authors examine the consequences of Russia’s dependence on and addiction to resource (oil and gas) rents and of the management system put in place under Vladimir Putin to maintain, secure, and distribute these rents. They then investigate how each of these factors has emerged from the crisis and how it might evolve in the years ahead. Focusing on the distinction between rent dependence and addiction, the authors question the conventional wisdom that diversification of Russia’s economy (away from oil and gas) is a desirable objective that will render it less

Clifford G. Gaddy; Barry W. Ickes

300

Greece's health crisis: from austerity to denialism.  

PubMed

Greece's economic crisis has deepened since it was bailed out by the international community in 2010. The country underwent the sixth consecutive year of economic contraction in 2013, with its economy shrinking by 20% between 2008 and 2012, and anaemic or no growth projected for 2014. Unemployment has more than tripled, from 7·7% in 2008 to 24·3% in 2012, and long-term unemployment reached 14·4%. We review the background to the crisis, assess how austerity measures have affected the health of the Greek population and their access to public health services, and examine the political response to the mounting evidence of a Greek public health tragedy. PMID:24560058

Kentikelenis, Alexander; Karanikolos, Marina; Reeves, Aaron; McKee, Martin; Stuckler, David

2014-02-22

301

Crisis communication. Lessons from 9/11.  

PubMed

The sheer enormity of last year's terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon gave new meaning to the term "crisis management." Suddenly, companies near Ground Zero, as well as those more than a thousand miles away, needed a plan. Because the disasters disrupted established channels not only between businesses and customers but between businesses and employees, internal crisis-communications strategies that could be quickly implemented became a key responsibility of top management. Without these strategies, employees' trauma and confusion might have immobilized their firms and set their customers adrift. In this article, executives from a range of industries talk about how their companies, including Morgan Stanley, Oppenheimer Funds, American Airlines, Verizon, the New York Times, Dell, and Starbucks, went about restoring operations and morale. From his interviews with these individuals, author and management professor Paul Argenti was able to distill a number of lessons, each of which, he says, may "serve as guideposts for any company facing a crisis that undermines its employees' composure, confidence, or concentration." His advice to senior executives includes: Maintain high levels of visibility, so that employees are certain of top management's command of the situation and concern; establish contingency communication channels and work sites; strive to keep employees focused on the business itself, because a sense of usefulness enhances morale and good morale enhances usefulness; and ensure that employees have absorbed the firm's values, which will guide them as they cope with the unpredictable. The most forward-thinking leaders realize that managing a crisis-communications program requires the same dedication and resources they give to other dimensions of their business. More important, they realize that their employees always come first. PMID:12510542

Argenti, Paul

2002-12-01

302

'You're Not Able to Breathe': Conceptualizing the Intersectionality of Early Career, Gender and Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on data from nine focus groups in four countries, I argue for the need to develop a research agenda around the intersectionality of early career, gender and crisis. I first give a brief explanation of the background, methodology and limitations of the study. Second, I lay out some key conceptualizations and their own limitations and then…

Misiaszek, Lauren Ila

2015-01-01

303

Unreconstructed Nationalists and a Minor Gunboat Operation: Julian Amery, Neil McLean and the Suez Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides new information and analysis on a hidden aspect of the Suez crisis. It argues that key members of the Conservative backbench faction, the Suez Group – Julian Amery and Neil McLean – occupied a special place in the covert British moves to remove Gamal Abdul Nasser from power in 1956. Both MPs also sought to shape the

Sue Onslow

2006-01-01

304

[Provincial public center for crisis intervention and psycho-social rehabilitation. A path towards communitary suicidology].  

PubMed

This work on the systematic comprehensive approach towards the Prevention and Postvencion of Suicide started to develop back in mid 2011 in Río Gallegos, capital of Santa Cruz Province. The first step on this development was a Pilot Plan for the Training of Professionals and also field intervention. The Center for Crisis Intervention and Psycho-social Rehabilitation was founded eight months later. The case-client in crisis plus family group- undergoes quantitative and qualitative evaluation by means of a triage system, all of which allows starting intensive face-to-face and also phone follow up according to the Crisis Intervention Model. Such intervention is developed by means of the participation in the "Grupo Sostén", the Adolescents Group if the client fits into that age, and also family relationship interviews as well as Multi-family meetings open to the Community. There is also a Community Team in the Center which performs collective assessment in schools, in conjunction with the "Equidad en Redes" Educational Specialty Team, belonging to the Provincial Education Council. The approach takes place on the field, and works as a screening step for the early detection of risk. Such risk is dealt with by means of short term intervention group programs involving the whole of the educational community. When facing situations of committed suicide there are interventions in communities to the interior of the province, fundamentally through the Hospital Team which works as the cluster convener for the social intersectoral frame-work. PMID:25546541

Martínez, Carlos

2014-01-01

305

Defining crisis in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorders  

PubMed Central

Parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder often report higher levels of depression, anxiety, and mental health–related issues. The combination of stressors and family adjustment difficulties can cause distress which may develop into a crisis. Understanding crisis in the family is important to mental health practice since it can serve as a guide in delivering service to at-risk families. This study investigated the subjective experience of crisis in 155 mothers of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Thematic analysis revealed that crisis is characterized by factors influencing four major areas: demands, internal capabilities, external resources, and subjective appraisal. Understanding what crisis means to families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder can help inform effective preventative and crisis services. PMID:24254639

Wingsiong, Aranda; Lunsky, Yona

2014-01-01

306

Crisis Communication in the Area of Risk Management: The CriCoRM Project  

PubMed Central

Background During the last H1N1 pandemic has emerged the importance of crisis communication as an essential part of health crisis management. The Project aims specifically to improve the understanding of crisis communication dynamics and effective tools and to allow public health institutions to communicate better with the public during health emergencies. Design and methods The Project will perform different activities: i) state of the art review; ii) identification of key stakeholders; iii) communicational analysis performed using data collected on stakeholder communication activities and their outcomes considering the lessons learnt from the analysis of the reasons for differing public reactions during pandemics; iv) improvement of the existing guidelines; v) development of Web 2.0 tools as web-platform and feed service and implementation of impact assessment algorithms; vi) organization of exercises and training on this issues. Expected impact of the study for public health In the context of health security policies at an EU level, the project aims to find a common and innovative approach to health crisis communication that was displayed by differing reactions to the H1N1 pandemic policies. The focus on new social media tools aims to enhance the role of e-health, and the project aims to use these tools in the specific field of health institutions and citizens. The development of Web 2.0 tools for health crisis communication will allow an effective two-way exchange of information between public health institutions and citizens. An effective communication strategy will increase population compliance with public health recommendations. Significance for public health The specific aim of the project is to develop a European strategy approach on how to communicate with the population and with different stakeholders groups involved in the crisis management process, based on an analysis of the communication process during the H1N1 pandemic (content analysis of press releases, press coverage and forum discussions) and on interviews with key stakeholders in health crisis communication. The development of web 2.0 tools, providing rapid responses will allow real-time verification of awareness of social trends and citizens’ response. Furthermore, the project would like to offer these resources to the EU Public Health Institutions and EU citizens to improve their interaction, and hence reinforce citizens’ right to patient-centred health care. The project proposal has been designed in accordance with the general principles of ethics and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights with regard to human rights, values, freedom, solidarity, and better protection of European citizens. PMID:25170491

Scarcella, Carmelo; Antonelli, Laura; Orizio, Grazia; Rossmann, Costanze; Ziegler, Lena; Meyer, Lisa; Garcia-Jimenez, Leonarda; Losada, Jose Carlos; Correia, Joao; Soares, Joana; Covolo, Loredana; Lirangi, Enrico; Gelatti, Umberto

2013-01-01

307

Did Fair-Value Accounting Contribute to the Financial Crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent financial crisis has led to a major debate about fair-value accounting. Many critics have argued that fair-value accounting, often also called mark-to-market accounting, has significantly contributed to the financial crisis or, at least, exacerbated its severity. In this paper, we assess these arguments and examine the role of fair-value accounting in the financial crisis using descriptive data and

Christian Laux; Christian Leuz

2010-01-01

308

Did Fair-Value Accounting Contribute to the Financial Crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent financial crisis has led to a major debate about fair-value accounting. Many critics have argued that fair-value accounting, often also called mark-to-market accounting, has significantly contributed to the financial crisis or, at least, exacerbated its severity. In this paper, we assess these arguments and examine the role of fair-value accounting in the financial crisis using descriptive data and

Christian Laux; Christian Leuz

2009-01-01

309

Efficacy of treatment for hyperglycemic crisis in elderly diabetic patients in a day hospital  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to compare the costs of day hospital (DH) care for hyperglycemic crisis in elderly diabetic patients with those of conventional hospitalization (CH). Secondary objectives were to compare these two clinical scenarios in terms of glycemic control, number of emergency and outpatient visits, readmissions, hypoglycemic episodes, and nosocomial morbidity. Methods The study population comprised diabetic patients aged >74 years consecutively admitted to a tertiary teaching hospital in Spain for hyperglycemic crisis (sustained hyperglycemia [>300 mg/dL] for at least 3 days with or without ketosis). The patients were assigned to DH or CH care according to time of admission and were followed for 6 months after discharge. Exclusion criteria were ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar crisis, hemodynamic instability, severe intercurrent illness, social deprivation, or Katz index >D. Results Sixty-four diabetic patients on DH care and 36 on CH care were included, with no differences in baseline characteristics. The average cost per patient was 1,345.1±793.6 € in the DH group and 2,212.4±982.5 € in the CH group (P<0.001). There were no differences in number of subjects with mild hypoglycemia during follow-up (45.3% DH versus 33.3% CH, P=0.24), nor in the percentage of patients achieving a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <8% (67.2% DH versus 58.3% CH, P=0.375). Readmissions for hyperglycemic crisis and pressure ulcer rates were significantly higher in the CH group. Conclusion DH care for hyperglycemic crises is more cost-effective than CH care, with a net saving of 1,418.4 € per case, lower number of readmissions and pressure ulcer rates, and similar short-term glycemic control and hypoglycemia rates. PMID:24868152

Benaiges, D; Chillarón, JJ; Carrera, MJ; Cots, F; Puig de Dou, J; Corominas, E; Pedro-Botet, J; Flores-Le Roux, JA; Claret, C; Goday, A; Cano, JF

2014-01-01

310

Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath.  

PubMed

The Permian-Triassic mass extinction was the most severe biotic crisis in the past 500 million years. Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain the crisis, but few account for the spectrum of extinction selectivity and subsequent recovery. Here we show that selective losses are best accounted for by a combination of lethally warm, shallow waters and anoxic deep waters that acted to severely restrict the habitable area to a narrow mid-water refuge zone. The relative tolerance of groups to this double whammy provides the first clear explanation for the selective extinction losses during this double-pulsed crisis and also the fitful recovery. Thus, high temperature intolerant shallow-water dwellers, such as corals, large foraminifers and radiolarians were eliminated first whilst high temperature tolerant ostracods thrived except in anoxic deeper-waters. In contrast, hypoxia tolerant but temperature intolerant small foraminifers were driven from shallow-waters but thrived on dysoxic slopes margins. Only those mollusc groups, which are tolerant of both hypoxia and high temperatures, were able to thrive in the immediate aftermath of the extinction. Limited Early Triassic benthic recovery was restricted to mid-water depths and coincided with intervals of cooling and deepening of water column anoxia that expanded the habitable mid-water refuge zone. PMID:24549265

Song, Haijun; Wignall, Paul B; Chu, Daoliang; Tong, Jinnan; Sun, Yadong; Song, Huyue; He, Weihong; Tian, Li

2014-01-01

311

Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Permian-Triassic mass extinction was the most severe biotic crisis in the past 500 million years. Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain the crisis, but few account for the spectrum of extinction selectivity and subsequent recovery. Here we show that selective losses are best accounted for by a combination of lethally warm, shallow waters and anoxic deep waters that acted to severely restrict the habitable area to a narrow mid-water refuge zone. The relative tolerance of groups to this double whammy provides the first clear explanation for the selective extinction losses during this double-pulsed crisis and also the fitful recovery. Thus, high temperature intolerant shallow-water dwellers, such as corals, large foraminifers and radiolarians were eliminated first whilst high temperature tolerant ostracods thrived except in anoxic deeper-waters. In contrast, hypoxia tolerant but temperature intolerant small foraminifers were driven from shallow-waters but thrived on dysoxic slopes margins. Only those mollusc groups, which are tolerant of both hypoxia and high temperatures, were able to thrive in the immediate aftermath of the extinction. Limited Early Triassic benthic recovery was restricted to mid-water depths and coincided with intervals of cooling and deepening of water column anoxia that expanded the habitable mid-water refuge zone.

Song, Haijun; Wignall, Paul B.; Chu, Daoliang; Tong, Jinnan; Sun, Yadong; Song, Huyue; He, Weihong; Tian, Li

2014-02-01

312

Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath  

PubMed Central

The Permian-Triassic mass extinction was the most severe biotic crisis in the past 500 million years. Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain the crisis, but few account for the spectrum of extinction selectivity and subsequent recovery. Here we show that selective losses are best accounted for by a combination of lethally warm, shallow waters and anoxic deep waters that acted to severely restrict the habitable area to a narrow mid-water refuge zone. The relative tolerance of groups to this double whammy provides the first clear explanation for the selective extinction losses during this double-pulsed crisis and also the fitful recovery. Thus, high temperature intolerant shallow-water dwellers, such as corals, large foraminifers and radiolarians were eliminated first whilst high temperature tolerant ostracods thrived except in anoxic deeper-waters. In contrast, hypoxia tolerant but temperature intolerant small foraminifers were driven from shallow-waters but thrived on dysoxic slopes margins. Only those mollusc groups, which are tolerant of both hypoxia and high temperatures, were able to thrive in the immediate aftermath of the extinction. Limited Early Triassic benthic recovery was restricted to mid-water depths and coincided with intervals of cooling and deepening of water column anoxia that expanded the habitable mid-water refuge zone. PMID:24549265

Song, Haijun; Wignall, Paul B.; Chu, Daoliang; Tong, Jinnan; Sun, Yadong; Song, Huyue; He, Weihong; Tian, Li

2014-01-01

313

Schooling the Crisis? Education in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five years on from the onset of the global financial crisis, there has been little sustained discussion of its implications for schooling. This is surprising when we consider that for the past three decades education has been shaped by assumptions about the need to prepare students for life in global capitalist economies. The consensus seems to be…

Morgan, John

2014-01-01

314

Global Crisis: Local Reality?--An International Analysis of "Crisis" in the Early Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a recent keynote speech Paul Standish noted "there is agreement in judgments. But how the response to those judgments is realised is always cultural" (paper presented to PESA Conference, Taiwan, 2012, p. 2). Making judgments about what constitutes "crisis" for children is not necessarily agreed universally, though clearly…

White, E. Jayne; Pramling-Samuelsson, Ingrid

2014-01-01

315

Going Public, Crisis after Crisis: The Bush Administration and the Press from September 11 to Saddam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political leaders craft public communications in a strategic manner and attempt to use mass media as a political resource. With this in mind, we argue that during summer and autumn 2002 President George W. Bush extended the September 11 crisis through emphasis in public communications on internal “homeland” security and an external “war on terror”—discourses into which Iraq was carefully

Sue Lockett. John; David Scott. Domke; Kevin M. Coe; Erica S. Graham

2007-01-01

316

Strategic and Collaborative Crisis Management: A Partnership Approach to Large-Scale Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large-scale crisis such as natural disasters and acts of terrorism can have a paralyzing effect on the campus community and business continuity. Campus officials in these situations face significant challenges that go beyond the immediate response including re-building the physical plant, restoring campus infrastructure, retaining displaced…

Mann, Timothy

2007-01-01

317

Location of geographical objects in crisis situations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article summarizes the various expressions of object positioning using different coordinate data and different methods, such as use of maps, exploiting the properties of digital Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) networks, Global Navigational Satellite Systems (GNSS), Inertial Navigation Systems (INS), Inertial Measurement Systems (IMS), hybrid methods and non-contact (remote sensing) methods; all with varying level of accuracy. Furthermore, the article describes some geographical identifiers and verbal means to describe location of geographical objects such as settlements, rivers, forest, roads, etc. All of the location methods have some advantages and disadvantages, especially in emergency situations, when usually the crisis management has a lack of time in a decision process.

Rybansky, M.; Kratochvil, V.

2014-02-01

318

Out of the blue! Thyroid crisis.  

PubMed

A 45-year-old male patient with an irregularly irregular rhythm and fast ventricular rate was posted for an emergency laparotomy for hollow viscus perforation. His history was not suggestive of any systemic disorders. An echocardiography revealed left ventricular dysfunction with an ejection fraction of 47% without any valvular or chamber abnormality. Thyromegaly noticed during placement of central venous catheter was suspected to be the etiology for his cardiovascular status and was successfully managed. Thyroid crisis in an undiagnosed case of hyperthyroidism poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Timely and aggressive management is essential to correct the homeostatic decompensation characteristic of thyroid storm. PMID:25886440

Parasa, Mrunalini; Chinthakunta, Bala Kusuma Kumari; Vemuri, Nagendra Nath; Shaik, Mastan Saheb

2015-01-01

319

Out of the blue! Thyroid crisis  

PubMed Central

A 45-year-old male patient with an irregularly irregular rhythm and fast ventricular rate was posted for an emergency laparotomy for hollow viscus perforation. His history was not suggestive of any systemic disorders. An echocardiography revealed left ventricular dysfunction with an ejection fraction of 47% without any valvular or chamber abnormality. Thyromegaly noticed during placement of central venous catheter was suspected to be the etiology for his cardiovascular status and was successfully managed. Thyroid crisis in an undiagnosed case of hyperthyroidism poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Timely and aggressive management is essential to correct the homeostatic decompensation characteristic of thyroid storm.

Parasa, Mrunalini; Chinthakunta, Bala Kusuma Kumari; Vemuri, Nagendra Nath; Shaik, Mastan Saheb

2015-01-01

320

Brazilian exchange rate complexity: Financial crisis effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the financial market globalization, foreign investments became vital for the economies, mainly in emerging countries. In the last decades, Brazilian exchange rates appeared as a good indicator to measure either investors' confidence or risk aversion. Here, some events of global or national financial crisis are analyzed, trying to understand how they influenced the "dollar-real" rate evolution. The theoretical tool to be used is the López-Mancini-Calbet (LMC) complexity measure that, applied to real exchange rate data, has shown good fitness between critical events and measured patterns.

Piqueira, José Roberto C.; Mortoza, Letícia Pelluci D.

2012-04-01

321

Impending conservation crisis for Southeast Asian amphibians  

PubMed Central

With an understudied amphibian fauna, the highest deforestation rate on the planet and high harvesting pressures, Southeast Asian amphibians are facing a conservation crisis. Owing to the overriding threat of habitat loss, the most critical conservation action required is the identification and strict protection of habitat assessed as having high amphibian species diversity and/or representing distinctive regional amphibian faunas. Long-term population monitoring, enhanced survey efforts, collection of basic biological and ecological information, continued taxonomic research and evaluation of the impact of commercial trade for food, medicine and pets are also needed. Strong involvement of regional stakeholders, students and professionals is essential to accomplish these actions. PMID:20007165

Rowley, Jodi; Brown, Rafe; Bain, Raoul; Kusrini, Mirza; Inger, Robert; Stuart, Bryan; Wogan, Guin; Thy, Neang; Chan-ard, Tanya; Trung, Cao Tien; Diesmos, Arvin; Iskandar, Djoko T.; Lau, Michael; Ming, Leong Tzi; Makchai, Sunchai; Truong, Nguyen Quang; Phimmachak, Somphouthone

2010-01-01

322

EDITORIAL: Crisis management - and creation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the time of writing an ad hoc group set up by a governmental quango - the Schools Curriculum and Assessment Authority - is rewriting the subject cores for AS and A-level physics. The current version was introduced to general disapprobation from informed users, and especially from the Institute of Physics, and was examined for the first time in 1996. The main points of criticism of the current subject core were that it is too prescriptive, too large (especially at AS) and preserves an old-fashioned view of physics. It was seen as essentially all rather boring and quite unlikely to make it easier for teachers to attract more students into A-level physics courses. The core will, presumably, form the bulk of the new-style AS levels, an intriguingly innovative feature of the Dearing 16 - 19 proposals that, in principle, provides an opportunity to revitalize post-16 physics for a wide variety of potential users. But the other predicted consequence of a nationally (legally) prescribed core was a kind of instant fossilization of curriculum development and innovation. Creativity is effectively banned. Taking risks becomes unthinkable. Taken in conjunction with the less well known (except to examiners) increasingly close bureaucratic supervision of the examining process itself, the aim seems to be consistent mediocrity rather than the adventurous exploration of physics at what must be one of the most exciting (and rapidly changing) times in its history. The September issue of this journal dealt with some aspects of the new thinking about an education in (and through) physics, in the context of the IoP initiative to produce a modern physics curriculum for the year 2000. It is foreseeably improbable that the new subject core will be such as to encourage creative initiatives, other than by a third-law reaction effect. I am told that the ad hoc committee (membership unknown) will work for at least three whole days to produce the core; it will then be submitted for approval by yet more unknown persons. But we live in a democracy, and the new core will be put out for consultation. This will take place between November 1st and 20th, and so will be over, more or less, by the time you read this Editorial. Ordinary teachers of physics are unlikely to be asked for opinions. However, the Institute's informal rapid response team will do their best to represent the interests not only of its members but of the wider physics community. The question remains, however, as to why such rapid reactions are necessary. Surely now is the time to reflect upon the consequences of the rushed initiatives of the past eight years or so in education, and indeed undertake a professional, independent evaluation of them. But our rulers seem incapable of doing other than create crises, and then managing the crises they create by creating even more. There are of course alternatives to this, as could easily be discovered by looking north of Hadrian's Wall, where change is taking placed in a managed, courteous fashion, and where the numbers of students studying physics post-16 is gently increasing. The Scottish Office Education Department has recently taken part in an OECD study of curriculum innovation in 13 countries. The department reports some key findings in the Scottish initiative which are in fact common to all the successful initiatives reported [1, 2]. The message is clear: curriculum change will fail - either completely or at least in reaching the anticipated outcome fully - if certain requirements are not met. The most significant of these, reported in the OECD study, are: Teachers will respond to challenges to become involved in curriculum innovation and to acquire new skills and competences if they are given encouragement and reassurance that they will be well supported in their efforts. Innovation must be systemic, i.e. showing an awareness that many aspects of education are interrelated (so that a change in one affects others). Teacher involvement is vital (how teachers make sense of it is what really matters; they need not only support but time for r

Dobson Honorary Editor, Ken

1996-11-01

323

A crisis intervention perspective on the termination process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognition of termination as a crisis of separation\\/individuation supports a crisis intervention approach to work during this phase, with guidelines derived from Mahler's theory of separation\\/individuation, Bowlby's theory of attachment and loss, and James Mann's notion of the subjective meaning of time. The social work literature on the topic is reviewed, and case examples illustrate varying responses to termination depending

Nancy Boyd Webb

1985-01-01

324

A Differential Use of Resources in Prevention and Crisis Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the staffing, operation and evolution of a crisis intervention network at a medium-sized university in the San Francisco Bay Area. The training and duties of resident assistants, hall directors, campus police, crisis intervention resource personnel, and hospital psychiatrist are described. Specific topics addressed include…

Shoff, Susan Patigalia

325

Squeezed from All Sides: The CSU Crisis and California's Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California long enjoyed rapid growth, abundant jobs, and expanding college opportunity--key elements of the California dream. Now the state is struggling to recover from its worst economic crisis in generations, a demographic slowdown, a devastating collapse of the wealth of the state' families from the housing crisis, and severe cutbacks in…

Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2011

2011-01-01

326

Learning Processes for Crisis Management in Complex Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety practices and preparations for limited emergencies are common activities in complex systems. In contrast, the vital task of planning for a crisis is usually poorly handled. This paper seeks to provide a better understanding of the prerequisites for successful learning processes to deal with crisis situations. It reveals the barriers that emerge during the process of developing satisfactory learning

Patrick Lagadec

1997-01-01

327

Mental health and human rights: never waste a serious crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A serious health and human rights crisis is unfolding in Indonesia. Media reports in the Jakarta press have highlighted the high death rates in shelters for people with mental illness that are run by the Jakarta Social Affairs Agency. This crisis represents an opportunity to bring about systematic and substantial changes in the Indonesian mental health system. In order to

Harry Minas

2009-01-01

328

Child and Family Policies in a Time of Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the beginning of 2008, a number of the world's major economies began to experience the effects of the biggest economic financial crisis in history. By the end of that year, the financial crisis was a global recession, and governments responded with changes to a suite of social and economic policies. Two broad stages of government response are…

Richardson, Dominic

2010-01-01

329

Digging Deeper: Crisis Management in the Coal Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores crisis management/communication practices within the coal industry through the lens of high reliability organization (HRO) concepts and sensemaking theory. In-depth interviews with industry executives and an analysis of an emergency procedures manual were used to provide an exploratory examination of the status of crisis

Miller, Barbara M.; Horsley, J. Suzanne

2009-01-01

330

Is There an Identity Crisis in Medical School Pharmacology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rudolf Buchheim's thesis on why and how to teach pharmacology to medical students is reexamined in view of the so-called identity crisis. It is suggested that the crisis is not one of identity but one of acceptance of medical school pharmacology by clinical colleagues and professional educators. (LBH)

Csaky, T. Z.

1976-01-01

331

Pre-crisis period planning: lessons for hospitality and tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this exploratory paper is to highlight for hospitality and tourism, the importance of an effective contingency plan – in case the worst happens. The paper critically evaluates and suggests guidelines for preparing a crisis management plan in the pre-crisis period. This could have a significant impact on the growth of the firm as well as

Richa Malhotra; Umashankar Venkatesh

2009-01-01

332

A Dialog Action Manager for automatic crisis management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of our research on the development of a Dialog Action Manager - DAM as part of a complex crisis management system. Imagine the utility of such an automatic system to detect the crisis and to provide support to people in contexts similar to what happened recently at the underground in London and Madrid. Preventing and

Dragos Datcu; Leon J. M. Rothkrantz

333

GENIE: A decision support system for crisis negotiations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decision support systems can play a role in improving the ability of decision makers to act as utility maximizers in crisis situations. This paper demonstrates the ability of one such decision support system, GENIE, to help decision makers maximize their objectives in a crisis negotiation. GENIE is described in detail, followed by the presentation of preliminary experimental results evaluating its

Jonathan Wilkenfeld; Sarit Kraus; Kim M. Holley; Michael A. Harris

1995-01-01

334

Classroom Crisis Counseling in the Aftermath of School Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous counseling needs are generated in the aftermath of school crises, particularly crises involving school violence. Meeting these needs can be assisted when school psychologists involve classroom teachers in the planning and implementation of crisis counseling. This paper provides information about a crisis counseling intervention model…

Paris, Norma Jean

335

The Philadelphia School District's Ongoing Financial Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the budget crisis that the School District of Philadelphia has faced for the past few years. Three specific events triggered the 2012 crisis: an abrupt reduction in federal and state funding, the inability of the district to cut many of its costs, and political pressures on the district to spend available revenues in a given…

Caskey, John; Kuperberg, Mark

2014-01-01

336

The Status of Crisis Management at NASPA Member Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the level of crisis preparedness in higher education from the perspective of chief student affairs administrators at residential universities post-September 11, 2001 to pre-Virginia Tech shootings in April 2007. Crisis preparedness was determined by compiling and comparing data results derived from an instrument implemented in…

Catullo, Linda A.; Walker, David A.; Floyd, Deborah L.

2009-01-01

337

Crisis Begets Change: Hurricane Recovery at Gulf Coast Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a growing body of literature on campus crisis management and the breadth of research on organizational change, little is known about organizational changes prompted by campus crisis. The purpose of this study is to examine the changes made to the operational profiles of Gulf Coast institutions during the process of recovering from major…

Shaw, Mahauganee Dawn

2012-01-01

338

The Food Crisis, Industrialized Farming and the Imperial Regime  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the food crisis cannot solely be equated with abrupt food price increases or seen as merely market induced. The unprecedented price increases of the first half of 2008, and the extremely low prices that followed, are expressions of a far wider and far more persistent underlying crisis, which has been germinating for more than a decade.

Ploeg van der J. D

2010-01-01

339

THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP IN THE MANAGEMENT OF CRISIS SITUATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis situations are inherent in the activity of any modern organization,regardless its type – public, military or private – and they affect the efficiency of human resource or even organization’s excellence. For nearly two years, the organizational environment has been marked by the effects of the latest economical and financial crisis, which amplified the organizational tensions, highlighting, in the absence

Iulian Mitu?

2011-01-01

340

The Consequences of the Farm Crisis for Rural Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The farm financial crisis of the 1980s will change forever the face of communities in rural America. The purpose of this paper is to explore empirically some of the more important changes that are occurring as a result of the farm crisis and to discuss how these changes affect rural community development needs. Specifically the paper examines: (1) the characteristics

Don E. Albrecht; Steve H. Murdock; Kathy L. Schiflett; F. Larry Leistritz; Brenda Ekstrom

1988-01-01

341

Electric wishing well: the solution to the energy crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energy crisis is actually a people crisis, the author says. The book demonstrates once and for all the fundamental truth about today's era of chronic shortages: the energy crunch resulted from our dependence on relatively scarce, unrenewable fossil fuels. Here, for the first time, is the complete story of man's quest for energy, past, present, and future: how the

DiCerto

1976-01-01

342

Crisis nursery effects on child placement after foster care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a study of the relationship between receiving crisis nursery services and the placement outcomes for young children leaving the child welfare system in Illinois are reported in this paper. The placement outcomes for children leaving foster care whose families received crisis nursery support prior to the children's placement in foster care is compared to the placement outcomes

Susan A. Cole; Pedro M. Hernandez

2011-01-01

343

Defining Crisis in Families of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder often report higher levels of depression, anxiety, and mental health-related issues. The combination of stressors and family adjustment difficulties can cause distress which may develop into a crisis. Understanding crisis in the family is important to mental health practice since it can…

Weiss, Jonathan A.; Wingsiong, Aranda; Lunsky, Yona

2014-01-01

344

Nuclear Power No Solution to the Climate Crisis  

E-print Network

Service #12;The Climate Crisis is Real and Accelerating · Recent observations confirm that, given highNuclear Power No Solution to the Climate Crisis Michael Mariotte Nuclear Information and Resource realized. For many key parameters, the climate system is already moving beyond the patterns of natural

Laughlin, Robert B.

345

A social science research agenda on the financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need to develop a social science research agenda on finance, financialisation and the financial crisis. The financial crisis was not anticipated by most social scientists. Indeed, the development of new financial instruments was supposed to manage risks effectively. Yet, financialisation has led to devastating effects on the economy and society, creating a deep and widespread recession, with

Sylvia Walby

2010-01-01

346

Alternate interpretation of the Messinian salinity crisis: Controversy resolved?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A high-resolution chronology of the Mediterranean Messinian salinity crisis is proposed. Two types of evaporite deposition may be distinguished: those in marginal areas vs. those in basinal ones. Their diachroneity is deduced from the stratigraphic relationships linking these evaporites to a major Messinian erosional surface. A two-step model is proposed for the evolution of the salinity crisis through time. During

Georges Clauzon; Jean-Pierre Suc; François Gautier; André Berger; Marie-France Loutre

1996-01-01

347

Effectiveness of Blog Response Strategies to Minimize Crisis Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of four post-crisis responses on five different variables using a blog tool. The four post-crisis responses are information only, compensation, apology, and sympathy. The five dependent variables are reputation, anger (negative emotion), negative word-of-mouth, account acceptance and state of the publics based on…

Tomsic, Louis P.

2010-01-01

348

A Proposed Solution to the Scholarly Communications Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After reviewing the history and parameters of the scholarly communications crisis, particularly in regard to skyrocketing prices for journals in the natural sciences, the author reviews and rejects previously attempted solutions. He then employs the principles of game theory in proposing a new solution to the crisis.

Schatzle, Chad

2005-01-01

349

Coping with Crisis: Teaching Students Managerial and Ethical Constraints.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a three-week section of a business communication course on the strategies of crisis communication. Provides background on the emergence of the field, a summary of several notable case studies for possible consideration, and suggestions on how crisis communication can be successfully integrated into the business communication curriculum.…

Barton, Laurence

1990-01-01

350

Siberian gas venting and the end-Permian environmental crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The end of the Permian period is marked by global warming and the biggest known mass extinction on Earth. The crisis is commonly attributed to the formation of the Siberian Traps Large Igneous Province although the causal mechanisms remain disputed. We show that heating of Tunguska Basin sediments by the ascending magma played a key role in triggering the crisis.

Henrik Svensen; Sverre Planke; Alexander G. Polozov; Norbert Schmidbauer; Fernando Corfu; Yuri Y. Podladchikov; Bjørn Jamtveit

2009-01-01

351

Houses on fire: Late modernist subjectivity and historical crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Houses on Fire: Late Modernist Subjectivity and Historical Crisis explores how late modernist experimental novels react to, inherit from and rework the aesthetic and thematic concerns of high modernism. The primary texts of my dissertation—Malcolm Lowry's Under the Volcano, Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man and Jean Rhys' Wide Sargasso Sea—use modernist narrative techniques to represent a crisis of subjectivity from three

Jennifer Lynn Gilchrist

2008-01-01

352

The cabinet system and management of the Suez Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both the historical and international relations perspectives have generated typologies of crisis management and elite decision making units. This article assesses the performance of the British cabinet system in its conduct of the Suez crisis against a set of criteria drawn from an amalgam of some of those typologies. The article is primarily concerned with the decision making process within

Christopher Brady

1997-01-01

353

Northwest of Suez: The 1956 Crisis and the IMF  

Microsoft Academic Search

Egypt's nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956 and the failed attempt by France, Israel, and the United Kingdom to retake it by force constituted a serious political crisis with significant economic consequences. For the United Kingdom, it engendered a financial crisis as well. That all four of the combatants sought and obtained IMF financial assistance was highly unusual for

James Boughton

2001-01-01

354

Inertia or Change? Crisis-induced Challenges for Political Leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The short and long-term aftermath of 'crisis' is not only substantially understudied, but presents political leaders with some of their most daunting challenges. This paper provides a framework to help understand the challenges for political leaders as they negotiate their way though the complex world of post-crisis politics. First, it outlines the broad challenges faced by political leaders in the

Allan McConnell

355

CSEM WP 110R Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis  

E-print Network

CSEM WP 110R Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis Frank A. Wolak Revised May 2003.ucei.org #12;Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis by Frank A. Wolak Department of Economics Stanford be learned about electricity market design and regulating energy markets from the California

California at Berkeley. University of

356

Mapping a Crisis, One Text Message at a Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interactive mapping project is revolutionizing the way crises are reported and managed, and is spotlighting the value of citizen journalism. The project, called Ushahidi, which means testimony in Swahili, uses crowdsourcing (gathering information from a large number of people) to map crisis information. This crisis mapping tool has since been…

Bauduy, Jennifer

2010-01-01

357

Presidential Perspectives of Crisis Preparedness at Christian Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crises, whether human or natural, occur on all college campuses. Extensive research has been conducted on crisis preparedness at four-year, nondenominational institutions. This study examined crisis preparedness at Christian institutions of higher education. The study examined the perspectives of presidents of Christian institutions of higher…

Burrell, Stacy M.; Heiselt, April K.

2012-01-01

358

State government finances: World War II to the current crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article will explore the extent, causes, and proposed solutions of the current fiscal crisis from a historical perspective of state finance. Although the current fiscal crisis is severe, it becomes more difficult to assess unless one has a more complete understanding of the historical changes that have occurred in state revenue streams. This article will address the role of

Thomas A. Garrett; Gary A. Wagner

2003-01-01

359

Bühler and Popper: Kantian therapies for the crisis in psychology.  

PubMed

I analyze the historical background and philosophical considerations of Karl Bühler and his student Karl Popper regarding the crisis of psychology. They share certain Kantian questions and methods for reflection on the state of the art in psychology. Part 1 outlines Bühler's diagnosis and therapy for the crisis in psychology as he perceived it, leading to his famous theory of language. I also show how the Kantian features of Bühler's approach help to deal with objections to his crisis diagnosis and to aspects of his linguistic theory. Part 2 turns to Popper's dissertation, completed in 1928 under Bühler. I analyze Popper's disapproval of Schlick's physicalism in psychology, as well as Popper's attempt to extend Bühler's Kantian strategy to the domain of the psychology of thinking. In conclusion, I indicate how these approaches to the crisis in psychology differ from Thomas Kuhn's notions of crisis and revolution, which are still all too popular in current philosophical discussions of psychology. PMID:22520195

Sturm, Thomas

2012-06-01

360

Hypercalcemic crisis induced by calcium carbonate  

PubMed Central

We report a rare case of drug-induced hypercalcemic crisis in an elderly male resulting from calcium-containing supplements facilitated by thiazide diuretic and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. A 61-year-old male presented with hypercalcemic crisis along with renal insufficiency and metabolic alkalosis, mimicking the ‘calcium-alkali syndrome’. The patient responded to aggressive intravenous hydration along with emergent hemodialysis and salmon calcitonin. He did not have hyperparathyroidism or malignancy. History revealed an average daily intake of only 1200 mg of calcium carbonate along with vitamin D 1000 U/day over an extended period of time. The patient completely recovered in 3 days and had normal serum calcium, parathyroid hormone and phosphorous level at 3-month follow-up. The case highlights the life-threatening perils of indiscriminate and often excessive intake of calcium-containing supplements in an appropriate clinical setting. We also briefly discuss the epidemiology, clinical and laboratory features along with the recent advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology of calcium-alkali syndrome.

Singh, Ashutosh; Ashraf, Ambika

2012-01-01

361

Might Astrobiological Findings Evoke a Religious Crisis?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What might be the likely impact of confirmed discovery of extraterrestrial life—microbial or intelligent life—on terrestrial religion? Many have speculated that the anthropo-centrism and earth-centrism which allegedly have characterized our religious traditions would be confronted with a crisis. Would new knowledge that we are not alone in the universe lead to a collapse of traditional religious belief? This presentation will summarize the results of the Peters Religious Crisis Survey of 1325 respondents. This survey shows that the majority of adherents to Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism demonstrate little or no anxiety regarding the prospect of contact with extraterrestrial life, even if they express some doubts regarding their respective religious tradition and the traditions of others. This presentation will also show that theological speculation regarding other worlds has sparked lively debate beginning as far back as the middle ages and continuing into our present era. Ted Peters is a research and teaching scholar with the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences at the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, California. He is co-editor of the journal, Theology and Science, and author of the books, The Evolution of Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Life (Pandora 2008) and Playing God? Genetic Determinism and Human Freedom (Routledge, rev. ed., 2003).

Peters, T.; Froehlig, J. L.

2009-12-01

362

Id: identity-crisis-body.tex 1355 2011-01-02 14:00:45Z jhh The Identity Crisis  

E-print Network

Preprint Id: identity-crisis-body.tex 1355 2011-01-02 14:00:45Z jhh The Identity Crisis Security, Privacy and Usability Issues in Identity Management Gergely Alpár · Jaap-Henk Hoepman · Johanneke Siljee January 2, 2011 Abstract This paper studies the current `identity cri- sis' caused by the substantial

Hoepman, Jaap-Henk

363

Reuter et al. Social Software as an Infrastructure for Crisis Management Social Software as an Infrastructure for Crisis  

E-print Network

will be discussing how the (semi-)professional actors involved in crisis management (police, fire-fighters, etc for the collaboration between people and organizations. As for the high effectiveness in a crisis, people of the Internet after the crash of the new economy in 2000 (Alby, 2007). At a conference held by O

364

Impact of the 2008 economic and financial crisis on child health: a systematic review.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to provide an overview of studies in which the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on child health was reported. Structured searches of PubMed, and ISI Web of Knowledge, were conducted. Quantitative and qualitative studies reporting health outcomes on children, published since 2007 and related to the 2008 economic crisis were included. Two reviewers independently assessed studies for inclusion. Data were synthesised as a narrative review. Five hundred and six titles and abstracts were reviewed, from which 22 studies were included. The risk of bias for quantitative studies was mixed while qualitative studies showed low risk of bias. An excess of 28,000-50,000 infant deaths in 2009 was estimated in sub-Saharan African countries, and increased infant mortality in Greece was reported. Increased price of foods was related to worsening nutrition habits in disadvantaged families worldwide. An increase in violence against children was reported in the U.S., and inequalities in health-related quality of life appeared in some countries. Most studies suggest that the economic crisis has harmed children's health, and disproportionately affected the most vulnerable groups. There is an urgent need for further studies to monitor the child health effects of the global recession and to inform appropriate public policy responses. PMID:25019121

Rajmil, Luis; Fernandez de Sanmamed, María-José; Choonara, Imti; Faresjö, Tomas; Hjern, Anders; Kozyrskyj, Anita L; Lucas, Patricia J; Raat, Hein; Séguin, Louise; Spencer, Nick; Taylor-Robinson, David

2014-06-01

365

Impact of the 2008 Economic and Financial Crisis on Child Health: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to provide an overview of studies in which the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on child health was reported. Structured searches of PubMed, and ISI Web of Knowledge, were conducted. Quantitative and qualitative studies reporting health outcomes on children, published since 2007 and related to the 2008 economic crisis were included. Two reviewers independently assessed studies for inclusion. Data were synthesised as a narrative review. Five hundred and six titles and abstracts were reviewed, from which 22 studies were included. The risk of bias for quantitative studies was mixed while qualitative studies showed low risk of bias. An excess of 28,000–50,000 infant deaths in 2009 was estimated in sub-Saharan African countries, and increased infant mortality in Greece was reported. Increased price of foods was related to worsening nutrition habits in disadvantaged families worldwide. An increase in violence against children was reported in the U.S., and inequalities in health-related quality of life appeared in some countries. Most studies suggest that the economic crisis has harmed children’s health, and disproportionately affected the most vulnerable groups. There is an urgent need for further studies to monitor the child health effects of the global recession and to inform appropriate public policy responses. PMID:25019121

Rajmil, Luis; Fernandez de Sanmamed, María-José; Choonara, Imti; Faresjö, Tomas; Hjern, Anders; Kozyrskyj, Anita L.; Lucas, Patricia J.; Raat, Hein; Séguin, Louise; Spencer, Nick; Taylor-Robinson, David

2014-01-01

366

[Trends in environmental risks in the context of the economic crisis. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

This article aims to analyze the impact of the economic and financial crisis on environmental determinants of health. The World Health Organization estimates that between 13% and 27% of the disease burden in countries could be prevented by improving the environment. These effects are larger in vulnerable populations, especially among the poorest. In the last decade, outdoor air pollution (the most significant environmental health risk in most European countries) has declined, mostly due to the European policy of reducing emissions and to the decrease in activity following the economic crisis. During the last few years, this improvement in air quality has occurred simultaneously with a reduction in investment in environmental protection and could therefore be offset in the medium-term. The economic crisis has not reduced the trend for higher temperatures in Spain and Europe because climate change is a global phenomenon that is not directly related to local emissions. To reduce the risk of an increase in the health impact of environmental factors, certain key aspects should be considered, such as the need to maintain or develop adequate monitoring and control systems and the opportunity to implement policies that help improve the quality of the environment and reduce the vulnerability of different population groups in a cross-disciplinary framework of transparency and citizen participation. PMID:24863994

Ballester, Ferran; Llop, Sabrina; Querol, Xavier; Esplugues, Ana

2014-06-01

367

[Financial crisis and mental health in Greece].  

PubMed

Several studies indicate an association between economic crises and psychological burden. To investigate the possible impact of the current economic crisis on mental health in Greece, the association between two economic indicators (unemployment and average income) and mental health variables (psychiatric clinic admittance, visits to outpatients' departments and emergency units, suicides, homicides, mortality rates and divorces) was studied. The data were gathered by the Greek Statistical Service and some others were provided by the following hospitals: Eginition Hospital, Psychiatric Hospital of Attica, Athens General Hospital and Evaggelismos Hospital. Simple and multiple regression analyses were performed on the data. There was no significant correlation between the level of unemployment, as well as the average income, and admittance to the psychiatric clinics. A significant correlation was isolated between unemployment and visits to outpatients' department (R2 = 0.40, p = 0.001) and emergency unit (R2 = 0.49, p = 0.0002) of Eginition Hospital. The unemployment rate during the period 1981-2008 was positively associated with the number of homicides (R2 = 0.16, beta = 0.000049, p = 0.03), as well as the number of divorces (R2 = 0.20, beta = 0.005, p = 0.02) during the same period. The average income showed positive association with the visits to both outpatients' department (R2 = 0.55, p < 0.001) and emergency unit (R2 = 0,37, p = 0.004) of Eginition Hospital. However, the data from the 4 hospitals of the study revealed a negative correlation between average income and visits to outpatients' departments (R2 = 0.70, p = 0.02) and emergency units (R2 = 0.90, p < 0.001). Furthermore, a significant negative correlation between the average income and suicide rates (R2 = 0.37, p = 0.007), as well as a positive correlation between the average income and divorce rates (R2 = 0.73, p < 0.001) were found. The findings show several similarities with previous surveys in countries with analogous economic crises, such as the Former Eastern Bloc countries, Asian countries and the USA. Future studies, at a more late stage of the economic crisis, are expected to reveal more reliable associations with mental health. Finally, these findings are expected to inform intervention programmes dealing with prevention or mitigation of the impact of economic crisis on citizens' mental health. PMID:21888184

Giotakos, O; Karabelas, D; Kafkas, A

2011-01-01

368

Crisis (hostage) negotiation: current strategies and issues in high-risk conflict resolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis (hostage) negotiation has been described as the most significant development in law enforcement and police psychology over the past several decades. This paper reviews three primary components of crisis negotiation: (1) the incorporation of crisis management and intervention in current broad-spectrum approaches to crisis negotiation; (2) the Behavioral Change Stairway Model (BCSM), constructed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation's

Gregory M. Vecchi; Vincent B. Van Hasselt; Stephen J. Romano

2005-01-01

369

Organization–Public Relationships and Crisis Response Strategies: Impact on Attribution of Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines how relationships with an organization and crisis response strategy affect attribution of crisis responsibility. Participants were exposed to 1 of 4 different crisis response strategies, manipulated through news articles. The study measured perceptions of the organization–public relationship, and after exposure to 1 of the 4 news articles, attribution of crisis responsibility. People with a positive relationship with

Kenon A. Brown; Candace L. White

2010-01-01

370

MCDM and SSM in the Public Crisis Management: From the Systemic Point of View  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the perspective of system science, this paper analyzes the system mechanism of public crisis formation and argues that the essence of public crisis is a variety of bifurcations of the social system. Accordingly, the main characteristic of public crisis is shown as an ill- structured problem situation. In the public crisis management, MCDM, as a hard system approach, is

Yinyin Kuang; Dongping Fan

2009-01-01

371

Crisis Transmission: Evidence from the Debt, Tequila, and Asian Flu Crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes how external crises spread across countries. We analyze the behavior of four alternative crisis indicators in a sample of 20 countries during three well-known crises: the 1982 debt crisis, the Mexican 1994 crisis, and the 1997 Asian crisis. The objective is threefold: (i) to revisit the transmission channels of crises; (ii) to evaluate whether contagion has been

J. De Gregorio; Rodrigo O. Valdés

2001-01-01

372

Challenges of the management of mass casualty: lessons learned from the Jos crisis of 2001  

PubMed Central

Background Jos has witnessed a series of civil crises which have generated mass casualties that the Jos University Teaching Hospital has had to respond to from time to time. We review the challenges that we encountered in the management of the victims of the 2001 crisis. Methodology We reviewed the findings of our debriefing sessions following the sectarian crisis of September 2001 and identified the challenges and obstacles experienced during these periods. Results Communication was a major challenge, both within and outside the hospital. In the field, there was poor field triage and no prehospital care. Transportation and evacuation was hazardous, for both injured patients and medical personnel. This was worsened by the imposition of a curfew on the city and its environs. In the hospital, supplies such as fluids, emergency drugs, sterile dressings and instruments, splints, and other consumables, blood and food were soon exhausted. Record keeping was erratic. Staff began to show signs of physical and mental exhaustion as well as features of anxiety and stress. Tensions rose between different religious groups in the hospital and an attempt was made by rioters to attack the hospital. Patients suffered poor subsequent care following resuscitation and/or surgery and there was neglect of patients on admission prior to the crisis as well as non trauma medical emergencies. Conclusion Mass casualties from disasters that disrupt organized societal mechanisms for days can pose significant challenges to the best of institutional disaster response plans. In the situation that we experienced, our disaster plan was impractical initially because it failed to factor in such a prolongation of both crisis and response. We recommend that institutional disaster response plans should incorporate provisions for the challenges we have enumerated and factor in peculiarities that would emanate from the need for a prolonged response. PMID:24164778

2013-01-01

373

Civil unrest and birthweight: an exploratory analysis of the 2007/2008 Kenyan Crisis.  

PubMed

For decades, Africa has been plagued by political and ethnic conflict, the health ramifications of which are often not investigated. A crisis occurred recently in Kenya following the 2007 presidential election. Ethnic violence ensued, targeting the incumbent President Kibaki's Kikuyu people. The violence occurred primarily in Nairobi and the Rift Valley of Kenya. We sought to examine the association between exposure to the 2007/2008 Kenyan Crisis and birthweight. Using the 2008/2009 Kenyan Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS), we compared birthweights of infants in utero or not yet conceived during the 15 months after the political turmoil following the 2007 presidential election (exposed) to those who were born before the crisis (unexposed). There were 663 "exposed" and 687 "unexposed" infants. Multivariate regression was used. We examined the possibility of two-way and three-way interactions between exposure status, ethnicity (Kikuyu versus non-Kikuyu), and region (violent region versus not). Overall, exposure to the Kenyan Crisis was associated with lower birthweight. Kikuyu women living in a violent region who were exposed during their 2nd trimester had the greatest difference in birthweight in comparison to all unexposed infants: 564.4g lower (95% CI 285.1, 843.6). Infants of Kikuyu exposed during the 2nd trimester and living in a violent region weighed 603.6g less (95% CI 333.6, 873.6) than Kikuyu infants born during the unexposed period. Political unrest may have implications for the birthweight of infants, particularly among targeted populations. Given the adverse sequelae associated with lowered birthweight, these results suggest that particular attention should be paid to pregnant women and targeted ethnic groups following such events. PMID:22410269

Bell, Suzanne; Prata, Ndola; Lahiff, Maureen; Eskenazi, Brenda

2012-05-01

374

Impact of 2008 global economic crisis on suicide: time trend study in 54 countries  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the impact of the 2008 global economic crisis on international trends in suicide and to identify sex/age groups and countries most affected. Design Time trend analysis comparing the actual number of suicides in 2009 with the number that would be expected based on trends before the crisis (2000-07). Setting Suicide data from 54 countries; for 53 data were available in the World Health Organization mortality database and for one (the United States) data came the CDC online database. Population People aged 15 or above. Main outcome measures Suicide rate and number of excess suicides in 2009. Results There were an estimated 4884 (95% confidence interval 3907 to 5860) excess suicides in 2009 compared with the number expected based on previous trends (2000-07). The increases in suicide mainly occurred in men in the 27 European and 18 American countries; the suicide rates were 4.2% (3.4% to 5.1%) and 6.4% (5.4% to 7.5%) higher, respectively, in 2009 than expected if earlier trends had continued. For women, there was no change in European countries and the increase in the Americas was smaller than in men (2.3%). Rises in European men were highest in those aged 15-24 (11.7%), while in American countries men aged 45-64 showed the largest increase (5.2%). Rises in national suicide rates in men seemed to be associated with the magnitude of increases in unemployment, particularly in countries with low levels of unemployment before the crisis (Spearman’s rs=0.48). Conclusions After the 2008 economic crisis, rates of suicide increased in the European and American countries studied, particularly in men and in countries with higher levels of job loss. PMID:24046155

2013-01-01

375

Was the global food crisis really a crisis?: Simulations versus self-reporting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the World Bank concerning the welfare impact of the 2007\\/08 global food crisis conclude that between 75 million and 160 million people were thrown into hunger or poverty. However, these simulation-based approaches suffer from inherent deficiencies as well as insufficient coverage of the largest

Derek Headey

2011-01-01

376

LENR/"Cold Fusion" and Modern Physics: A Crisis Within a Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary theorists in the field of Cold Fusion/LENR have generally assumed that the excess heat phenomena is commensurate with nuclear ash (such as helium), whether already identified or presumed to be present but not yet found, and moreover that it can be explained by hydrided metal lattice structures acting coherently. Though this was an excellent initial hypothesis, the commensurate nuclear ash hypothesis has not been proved, and appears to be approximately correct in only a few experiments. At the same time, compelling evidence has also emerged for other microphysical sources of energy that were unexpected by accepted physics. The exemplars have been the work Dr. Randell Mills and his colleagues at BlackLight Power Corporation and Dr. Paulo and Alexandra Correa in Canada.This has led to a crisis within a crisis: Neither "cold fusion" nor "Modern Physics" will be able to explain the full range of experimental data now available---not even the data within "mainstream" cold fusion/LENR per se--- by insisting that the fundamental paradigms of Modern Physics are without significant flaw. The present crisis is of magnitude comparable to the Copernican Revolution. Neither Modern Physics nor Cold Fusion/LENR will survive in their present forms when this long delayed revolution has run its course.

Mallove, Eugene F. E.

2004-03-01

377

Kesterson crisis: Sorting out the facts  

SciTech Connect

The Kesterson Reservoir was planned as a regulating facility to control drainage water discharges into the San Joaquin-Scaramento River Delta from the San Luis Drain'' which was to dispose of salt-ladin agricultural water. Anticipated environmental impacts of the Kesterson operations focused almost exclusively on problems related to seepage and water-logging of nearby lands. Reuse of drainage water for wetlands focused on excessive salinity. Drainage water entered the reservoir in 1978. By 1983 elevated levels of selenium were found with selenium poisoning causing deformed embryos of water birds, adult bird mortality and their poor reproductive success. An estimated 9000 kg of selenium was delivered to Kesterson between 1981 to 1986. This paper details the chronology of the Kesterson crisis and environmental remediation. 20 refs., 1 fig. (BJN)

Benson, S.M. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Delamore, M.; Hoffman, S. (Bureau of Reclamation, Sacramento, CA (United States). Mid-Pacific Region)

1990-07-01

378

China's Looming Crisis-Inflation Returns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Inflation is serious business for any nation's economy, and in the case of China, it is a growing area of concern for policymakers, economists, and other such types. This very topic is the subject of a recent policy brief written by Albert Keidel on behalf of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Published in September 2007, this eight-page policy brief takes a critical look at the potential for an inflation crisis in China. After a brief narrative introduction, Keidel proceeds to offer a number of thoughtful recommendations. These recommendations include suggestions that the Chinese government should raise key deposit rates and enable farm diversification by increasing wheat and rice imports. The paper also notes, "The next fifteen months will be especially crucial for China. Foreign criticism has already been severe, thanks to imbroglios over food and toy safety, dollar-holding scares, and Olympics-related activism."

2007-01-01

379

Armageddon, oil, and the Middle East crisis  

SciTech Connect

This book relates the intricate subject of biblical prophecy to the current crisis in the Middle East. With the development of oil politics, Dr. Walvoord believes a new world government will emerge, centered in the Middle East, which will eclipse the United States and Russia as world powers. The world government will be subjected to catastrophic, divine judgments which precipitate a gigantic world war culminating in Armageddon. Each chapter is devoted to the scriptural explanations of events leading to the second coming of Christ. The result is a prophetic calendar summing up to the countdown to Armageddon. Some of the chapter titles include: the Arab oil blackmail; watch Jerusalen; the rising tide of world religion; the coming Middle East peace; the coming world dictator; and Armageddon: the world's death struggle.

Walvoord, J.F.; Walvoord, J.E.

1980-01-01

380

Whatever happened to the energy crisis  

SciTech Connect

The only truly exhaustible sources, says the author, are renewable resources such as fish and game (e.g., the dodo). Predictions of an energy crisis are just one more example of a resource scare. The 1973-1974 gasoline shortages were caused by poorly designed price controls that provided incentive for holding inventories off the market. The electric-power industry now has the most-serious problems, traceable to supply, and especially, demand factors. (American industry's difficulties are primarily due to inadequate planning and only secondarily to the antinuclear movement, which is based on fear, not safety records.) By emphasizing supply and demand and the price mechanism that controls them, energy economists can continue to contribute to the solution of the energy problem. 15 references.

Houthakker, H.S.

1983-04-01

381

Scenario Crisis Cases in Distance Learning Sessions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss early results using student-lead role-play of crises and disaster scenarios to encourage engagement in distance learning sessions. The disadvantage of distance learning via web interface—the lack of face-to-face and the ease with which a student can remain quiet—is balanced by the wealth of Internet-accessible media reports of past mission disasters. Capitol College minimizes the lecture component to simply frame each session's open-ended crisis in our Mission Operations engineering course. The students are presented with a historical ‘disaster’ but not its resolution; they present their course of action, then the lecturer steps in to debrief. With a wealth of past cases available on the web, use of scenarios rather than lectures shows early signs of being viable model for encouraging discussion and interaction within distance learning for a variety of course topics.

Antunes, A.

2013-04-01

382

Reading Like a Historian: Cuban Missile Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students analyze primary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: Why did the Russians pull their missiles out of Cuba? The teacher begins by recapping the Cold War and the presence of missiles in Cuba and streams a video clip from Discovery Education about the Crisis and the negotiations that ended it. Students then analyze, in pairs, 3 documents: 1) a letter from Chairman Khrushchev to President Kennedy, 2) a letter from Kennedy to Khrushchev, and 3) a cable from Soviet ambassador Dobrynin to his foreign ministry. For each, they answer guiding questions. A final class discussion addresses the documents: What kind of a deal was struck? Why was it secret? Does the class textbook mention it?

Stanford History Education Group

2012-11-03

383

National Association of School Psychologists: Crisis Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Helping young people deal with crises can be a difficult task, and is something that should not be taken lightly. The National Association of School Psychologists has brought together a set of valuable resources on this site for professionals who work with children. The resources are divided into eight different sections, and they include links to other online resources, and those that deal with specific subjects, such as suicide, trauma, and natural disasters. The natural disaster section includes fact sheets on how to help children after a wildfire and in the aftermath of a tsunami. Moving on, the suicide section contains like-minded materials on how to address teen suicide and preventive measures. The site is rounded out with a selection of crisis resources in Spanish.

384

Rate shock crisis faces completed nukes  

SciTech Connect

Political reluctance on the part of regulators to grant utilities a full rate base for large generating plants is a new crisis facing utilities with newly completed nuclear plants. Zero- or partial-rate treatment for large new plants will increase the financial strains of electric companies if they cannot recover their investment. Such rate decisions will affect the commitment to uncompleted and planned nuclear plants as the economic advantage is removed. Economists warn that consumer resistance to large rate increases to cover construction periods could lead to an overhaul of regulatory practices. Alternatives to sudden rate shocks could be moderated with phased-in increases or rate trending. Analysts disagree on whether consumer opposition is the beginning of a national movement or a regional response, but if other states follow Alabama's example of turning rate decisions over to the courts, it may confirm their assessment that the trending approach is unworkable. (DCK)

Utroska, D.

1982-05-01

385

Stock network stability in times of crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite many efforts crises on financial markets are in large part still scientific black-boxes. In this paper, we use a winner-take-all approach to construct a longitudinal network of S&P 500 companies and their correlations between 2000 and 2012. A comparison to complex ecosystems is drawn, especially whether the May-Wigner theorem can describe real-world economic phenomena. The results confirm the utility of the May-Wigner theorem as a stability indicator for the US stock market, since its development matches with the two major crises of this period, the dot-com bubble and, particularly, the financial crisis. In those times of financial turmoil, the stock network changes its composition, but unlike ecological systems it tightens and the disassortative structure of prosperous markets transforms into a more centralized topology.

Heiberger, Raphael H.

2014-01-01

386

Understanding communication in counterterrorism crisis management.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the purpose and results of the two-year, Sandia-sponsored Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project entitled Understanding Communication in Counterterrorism Crisis Management The purpose of this project was to facilitate the capture of key communications among team members in simulated training exercises, and to learn how to improve communication in that domain. The first section of this document details the scenario development aspects of the simulation. The second section covers the new communication technologies that were developed and incorporated into the Weapons of Mass Destruction Decision Analysis Center (WMD-DAC) suite of decision support tools. The third section provides an overview of the features of the simulation and highlights its communication aspects. The fourth section describes the Team Communication Study processes and methodologies. The fifth section discusses future directions and areas in which to apply the new technologies and study results obtained as a result of this LDRD.

Djordjevich, Donna D.; Barr, Pamela K.; Arnold, Jason Darrel; Johnson, Michael M.; Sa, Timothy J.; Hawley, Marilyn F.; Davis, Midge L.; Wright, Aliseya; Bernard, Michael Lewis; Wilcox, William B.; Tam, Ricky; Ammerlahn, Heidi R.

2004-10-01

387

Crisis management: an extended reference framework for decision makers.  

PubMed

The paper discusses a reference framework for capabilities supporting effective crisis management. This framework has been developed by joining experiences in the field and knowledge of organisational models for crisis management, and executives' empowerment, coaching and behavioural analysis. The paper is aimed at offering further insight to executives on critical success factors and means for managing crisis situations by extending the scope of analysis to human behaviour, to emotions and fears and their correlation with decision making. It is further intended to help familiarise them and to facilitate approaching a path towards emotional awareness. PMID:23835427

Carone, Alessandro; Iorio, Luigi Di

2013-01-01

388

Crisis as opportunity: international health work during the economic depression.  

PubMed

The economic depression of the 1930s represented the most important economic and social crisis of its time. Surprisingly, its effect on health did not show in available morbidity and mortality rates. In 1932, the League of Nations Health Organisation embarked on a six-point program addressing statistical methods of measuring the effect and its influence on mental health and nutrition and establishing ways to safeguard public health through more efficient health systems. Some of these studies resulted in considerations of general relevance beyond crisis management. Unexpectedly, the crisis offered an opportunity to reconsider key concepts of individual and public health. PMID:19230333

Borowy, Iris

2008-01-01

389

Exploiting social media for Army operations: Syrian crisis use case  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Millions of people exchange user-generated information through online social media (SM) services. The prevalence of SM use globally and its growing significance to the evolution of events has attracted the attention of the Army and other agencies charged with protecting national security interests. The information exchanged in SM sites and the networks of people who interact with these online communities can provide value to Army intelligence efforts. SM could facilitate the Military Decision Making Process by providing ongoing assessment of military actions from a local citizen perspective. Despite potential value, there are significant technological barriers to leveraging SM. SM collection and analysis are difficult in the dynamic SM environment and deception is a real concern. This paper introduces a credibility analysis approach and prototype fact-finding technology called the "Apollo Fact-finder" that mitigates the problem of inaccurate or falsified SM data. Apollo groups data into sets (or claims), corroborating specific observations, then iteratively assesses both claim and source credibility resulting in a ranking of claims by likelihood of occurrence. These credibility analysis approaches are discussed in the context of a conflict event, the Syrian civil war, and applied to tweets collected in the aftermath of the Syrian chemical weapons crisis.

Kase, Sue E.; Bowman, Elizabeth K.; Al Amin, Tanvir; Abdelzaher, Tarek

2014-05-01

390

Coping with stress: naturalistic observations of the Polish crisis.  

PubMed

Naturalistic observations were made while the author was living and working in Poland as a visiting professor at the Institute of Psychology, Warsaw University, from October through December 1981. Social, political, economic, and interpersonal elements of the Polish "crisis" and reactions of the Polish people to these stressors are described. Individual patterns of coping with stress are categorized in terms of people's beliefs about the causes of stress and beliefs about personal control over the causes of stress. Three groups are identified: People who were certain that they could or could not modify the causes of stress and, therefore, coped by taking action ("fight" or "flight"); people who were uncertain about their capacity to modify the causes of stress, but believed that they could manage their daily lives; and people who believed that their only realm of influence was over intrapsychic events and coped via control over intake of information (repression or sensitization). The relative success of the different coping strategies is considered. Finally, the imposition of martial law and people's reactions to it are described. PMID:6511974

Winstead, B A

1984-11-01

391

Geriatric Workforce Capacity: A Pending Crisis for Nursing Home Residents  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The nursing home (NH) population in the US has grown to 1.6 million people and is expected to double by 2030. While 88.3% of NH residents are over 65, the elders aged 85 and more have become the principal group. This demographic change has increased the already high rates of chronic diseases and functional disabilities in NH residents. Methods: This study reviewed the supply of geriatricians in addressing the growing healthcare needs of NH residents. Results: English-written articles between 1989 and 2012 were reviewed. Trend data demonstrate that the geriatrician workforce has decreased from 10,270 in 2000 to 8,502 in 2010. Further, the pipeline analysis of physicians projected to receive board certification in geriatrics (and maintain this certification) indicates a worsening of the already insufficient supply of geriatricians for this vulnerable population. Conclusion: Strategies to attract and maintain a geriatrician workforce are imperative to avert a mounting crisis in the geriatric care in NH and, by extension, other living settings. PMID:24350193

Lee, Wei-Chen; Sumaya, Ciro V.

2013-01-01

392

[Indicators to monitor the evolution of the economic crisis and its effects on health and health inequalities. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

The economic crisis has adverse effects on determinants of health and health inequalities. The aim of this article was to present a set of indicators of health and its determinants to monitor the effects of the crisis in Spain. On the basis of the conceptual framework proposed by the Commission for the Reduction of Social Health Inequalities in Spain, we searched for indicators of social, economic, and political (structural and intermediate) determinants of health, as well as for health indicators, bearing in mind the axes of social inequality (gender, age, socioeconomic status, and country of origin). The indicators were mainly obtained from official data sources published on the internet. The selected indicators are periodically updated and are comparable over time and among territories (among autonomous communities and in some cases among European Union countries), and are available for age groups, gender, socio-economic status, and country of origin. However, many of these indicators are not sufficiently reactive to rapid change, which occurs in the economic crisis, and consequently require monitoring over time. Another limitation is the lack of availability of indicators for the various axes of social inequality. In conclusion, the proposed indicators allow for progress in monitoring the effects of the economic crisis on health and health inequalities in Spain. PMID:24864001

Pérez, Glòria; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica; Domínguez-Berjón, Felicitas; Cabeza, Elena; Borrell, Carme

2014-06-01

393

Network Topologies of Financial Market During the Global Financial Crisis  

E-print Network

We consider the effects of the global financial crisis through a local Korean financial market around the 2008 crisis. We analyze 185 individual stock prices belonging to the KOSPI (Korea Composite Stock Price Index), cosidering three time periods: the time before, during, and after the crisis. The complex networks generate from the fully connected correlation network by using the cross-correlation coefficients among the stock price time series of the companies. We generate the threshold networks (TN), the minimal spanning tees (MST), and the hierarchical network (HN) from the fully connected cross-correlation networks. By assigning a threshold value of the cross-correlation coefficient, we obtain the threshold networks. We observe the power law of the degree distribution in the limited range of the threshold. The degree distribution of the largest cluster in the threshold networks during the crisis is fatter than other periods. The clustering coefficient of the threshold networks follows the power law in the...

Nobi, Ashadun; Ha, Gyeong Gyun; Lee, Jae Woo

2013-01-01

394

Responding to the global economic crisis: inclusive social work practice.  

PubMed

The present global economic crisis raises new concerns for social workers. One of its most visible results is the further socioeconomic decline and marginalization of excluded populations. This article suggests that the current circumstances require a much more engaged, egalitarian, and reflexive practice-a practice, based on social rights, that matches the magnitude of the crisis and its negative impact on traditional social work constituencies. Consequently, the article suggests the concept of inclusive social work practice (ISWP), a conceptual framework whose main principles respond to four processes of social exclusion closely related to the present global crisis: extreme social isolation, growing dependency, multiple deprivation, and internalized oppression. The author describes the impact of the global crisis on patterns of social exclusion and presents the methodological foundations of the ISWP framework. PMID:24450021

Strier, Ron

2013-10-01

395

Public health crisis preparedness and response in Korea.  

PubMed

Since the 2006 Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan according to the World Health Organization's recommendation, the Republic of Korea has prepared and periodically evaluated the plan to respond to various public health crises including pandemic influenza. Korea has stockpiled 13,000,000 doses of antiviral drugs covering 26% of the Korean population and runs 519 isolated beds in 16 medical institutions. The division of public health crisis response in Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are in charge of responding to public health crises caused by emerging infectious diseases including severe acute respiratory syndrome, avian influenza human infection, and pandemic influenza. Its job description includes preparing for emerging infectious diseases, securing medical resources during a crisis, activating the emergency response during the crisis, and fortification of capabilities of public health personnel. It could evolve into a comprehensive national agency to deal with public health crisis based on the experience of previous national emerging infectious diseases. PMID:24298444

Lee, Hye-Young; Oh, Mi-Na; Park, Yong-Shik; Chu, Chaeshin; Son, Tae-Jong

2013-10-01

396

Public Health Crisis Preparedness and Response in Korea  

PubMed Central

Since the 2006 Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan according to the World Health Organization’s recommendation, the Republic of Korea has prepared and periodically evaluated the plan to respond to various public health crises including pandemic influenza. Korea has stockpiled 13,000,000 doses of antiviral drugs covering 26% of the Korean population and runs 519 isolated beds in 16 medical institutions. The division of public health crisis response in Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are in charge of responding to public health crises caused by emerging infectious diseases including severe acute respiratory syndrome, avian influenza human infection, and pandemic influenza. Its job description includes preparing for emerging infectious diseases, securing medical resources during a crisis, activating the emergency response during the crisis, and fortification of capabilities of public health personnel. It could evolve into a comprehensive national agency to deal with public health crisis based on the experience of previous national emerging infectious diseases. PMID:24298444

Lee, Hye-Young; Oh, Mi-Na; Park, Yong-Shik; Chu, Chaeshin; Son, Tae-Jong

2013-01-01

397

Analyzing the financial crisis using the entropy density function  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The risk that is created by nonlinear interactions among subjects in economic systems is assumed to increase during an abnormal state of a financial market. Nevertheless, investigating the systemic risk in financial markets following the global financial crisis is not sufficient. In this paper, we analyze the entropy density function in the return time series for several financial markets, such as the S&P500, KOSPI, and DAX indices, from October 2002 to December 2011 and analyze the variability in the entropy value over time. We find that the entropy density function of the S&P500 index during the subprime crisis exhibits a significant decrease compared to that in other periods, whereas the other markets, such as those in Germany and Korea, exhibit no significant decrease during the market crisis. These findings demonstrate that the S&P500 index generated a regular pattern in the return time series during the financial crisis.

Oh, Gabjin; Kim, Ho-yong; Ahn, Seok-Won; Kwak, Wooseop

2015-02-01

398

Community Mental Health Crisis Services for Children and Adolescents  

E-print Network

, empirical studies of particular models or approaches, and otherwise innovative conceptual or descriptive publications. Despite a growing body of research about children in crisis and the effects of trauma, research generally does not offer guidelines...

Walter, Uta M.; Park, Stacey; Petr, Chris

2004-12-01

399

Farm Crisis and Suicide: Dying on the Vine?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined relationship between farm economic crisis and farmer suicide rates using data from 15 states from 1980 to 1985. Found suicide rates for farmers were greater than truck drivers but no different from forestry workers. (Author/ABL)

Ragland, John D.; Berman, Alan L.

1991-01-01

400

Effect of pregnancy during TMI crisis on mothers' mental health and their child's development  

SciTech Connect

Five years after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the mental health of women who had been pregnant and living within 10 miles of Three Mile Island at the time of the accident was similar to that of women from the same area who became pregnant after the accident. Ratings of the development of the two groups of children when they were 5 years old were also similar. However, women who were pregnant during the crisis and had been extremely disturbed about their pregnancies rated their children's health as poorer than did the women who were pregnant later.

Houts, P.S.; Tokuhata, G.K.; Bratz, J.; Bartholomew, M.J.; Sheffer, K.W. (Pennsylvania State Univ. College of Medicine, Hershey (USA))

1991-03-01

401

An economic analysis of the welfare crisis in Texas  

E-print Network

AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE WELFARE CRISIS IN TEXAS A Thesis by Harry Laughlin Ledbetter Submitted. to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1972... Major Subject: Economics AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE WELFARE CRISIS IN TEXAS A Thesis by Harry Laughlin Ledbetter Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Member) (Head of Department) (Member) August 1972 A B S T R A C...

Ledbetter, Harry Laughlin

1972-01-01

402

Spiritual care in a crisis: what is enough?  

PubMed

Nurses encounter crisis regularly. What are appropriate spiritual interventions? Christians are encouraged to use every opportunity to be a witness for Christ. Should nurses share their faith in times of crisis? The experience of a nurse caring for a mother after perinatal loss is explored by a philosopher, mental health clinical nurse specialist, and the nurse, who wonders if she should have done things differently. PMID:25004727

Fraley, Hannah; Theissen, Elmer J; Jiwanlal, Shiloh

2014-01-01

403

The catathymic crisis: An explanation of the serial killer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various explanations have been proposed to explain the motivation of serial killers. This article proposes that the theory\\u000a of the Catathymic Crisis is an explanation that adds light to the “serial” nature of serial murder as well as an explanation\\u000a of why and how a person can become a serial killer. The theory of Catathymic Crisis was presented in 1937

Arthur H. Garrison; Senior Criminal Justice Planner

1996-01-01

404

Trust, confidence, and the 2008 global financial crisis.  

PubMed

The 2008 global financial crisis has been compared to a "once-in-a-century credit tsunami," a disaster in which the loss of trust and confidence played key precipitating roles and the recovery from which will require the restoration of these crucial factors. Drawing on the analogy between the financial crisis and environmental and technological hazards, recent research on the role of trust and confidence in the latter is used to provide a perspective on the former. Whereas "trust" and "confidence" are used interchangeably and without explicit definition in most discussions of the financial crisis, this perspective uses the TCC model of cooperation to clearly distinguish between the two and to demonstrate how this distinction can lead to an improved understanding of the crisis. The roles of trust and confidence-both in precipitation and in possible recovery-are discussed for each of the three major sets of actors in the crisis, the regulators, the banks, and the public. The roles of trust and confidence in the larger context of risk management are also examined; trust being associated with political approaches, confidence with technical. Finally, the various stances that government can take with regard to trust-such as supportive or skeptical-are considered. Overall, it is argued that a clear understanding of trust and confidence and a close examination of the specific, concrete circumstances of a crisis-revealing when either trust or confidence is appropriate-can lead to useful insights for both recovery and prevention of future occurrences. PMID:19392679

Earle, Timothy C

2009-06-01

405

Are crisis communicators practicing what we preach?: An evaluation of crisis response strategy analyzed in public relations research from 1991 to 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantitative content analysis is used to evaluate crisis response strategy analyzed in more than 18 years of research published in crisis communication literature in public relations to reveal its effectiveness, nature, and contextual application. Analysis of 51 articles published in 11 different journals using two dominant theories in public relations crisis communication literature, Benoit's Image Restoration Theory and Coombs’ Situational

Sora Kim; Elizabeth Johnson Avery; Ruthann W. Lariscy

2009-01-01

406

Application for the Dean of Students Crisis Loan Program Crisis loans may be sought by students when an unexpected life event or circumstance takes place that  

E-print Network

): Married/Single Student Residency (circle one): WI Res./U.S. Res./International Student Student Athlete? YApplication for the Dean of Students Crisis Loan Program Crisis loans may be sought by students are generally under $500. They may not be used for paying tuition/fees or any fines. Persons applying for crisis

407

A dialogic model for analyzing crisis communication: an alternative approach to understanding the roman catholic clergy sex abuse crisis  

E-print Network

, increasing litigation over alleged abuse and cover-ups, and the emergence of issue-driven grassroots organizations. Despite the vocal involvement of numerous stakeholders in the crisis, the hierarchy’s communicative response to the situation followed...

Boys, Suzanne Elizabeth

2009-05-15

408

Perceptions of Teachers and Staff regarding the Impact of the Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Model for School-Based Crisis Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Model for crisis intervention was developed for use with emergency service personnel. Research regarding the use of the CISM Model has been conducted among civilians and high-risk occupation groups with mixed results. The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the CISM Model for…

Morrison, Julie Q.

2007-01-01

409

Prosocial Activity of an Independent Self-Help Organization in Poland: Some Applications of Behavioral Science during the 1981-1984 Socioeconomic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the formation of an independent self-help organization to provide aid to the scientific community of Cracow, Poland, during the 1981-1984 socioeconomic crisis. The author, a Polish research psychologist, was one of the creators of this aid group, which sought to apply behavioral science knowledge to the distribution and sharing of material aid In doing so, principles and

Witold T. Poplawski

1987-01-01

410

TRIDEC Natural Crisis Management Demonstrator for Tsunamis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The management of natural crises is an important application field of the technology developed in the project Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crises (TRIDEC), co-funded by the European Commission in its Seventh Framework Programme. TRIDEC is based on the development of the German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) and the Distant Early Warning System (DEWS) providing a service platform for both sensor integration and warning dissemination. In TRIDEC new developments in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are used to extend the existing platform realising a component-based technology framework for building distributed tsunami warning systems for deployment, e.g. in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas (NEAM) region. The Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI), representing the Tsunami National Contact (TNC) and Tsunami Warning Focal Point (TWFP) for Turkey, is one of the key partners in TRIDEC. KOERI is responsible for the operation of a National Tsunami Warning Centre (NTWC) for Turkey and establishes Candidate Tsunami Watch Provider (CTWP) responsibilities for the NEAM region. Based on this profound experience, KOERI is contributing valuable requirements to the overall TRIDEC system and is responsible for the definition and development of feasible tsunami-related scenarios. However, KOERI's most important input focuses on testing and evaluating the TRIDEC system according to specified evaluation and validation criteria. The TRIDEC system will be implemented in three phases, each with a demonstrator. Successively, the demonstrators are addressing challenges, such as the design and implementation of a robust and scalable service infrastructure supporting the integration and utilisation of existing resources with accelerated generation of large volumes of data. These include sensor systems, geo-information repositories, simulation tools and data fusion tools. In addition to conventional sensors also unconventional sensors and sensor networks play an important role in TRIDEC. The first system demonstrator, deployed at KOERI's crisis management room, has been designed and implemented to support plausible scenarios for the Turkish NTWC and to demonstrate the treatment of simulated tsunami threats with an essential subset of a NTWC. The feasibility and the potentials of the implemented approach are demonstrated covering standard operations as well as tsunami detection and alerting functions. The demonstrator presented addresses information management and decision-support processes in a hypothetical natural crisis situation caused by a tsunami in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Hammitzsch, M.; Necmioglu, O.; Reißland, S.; Lendholt, M.; Comoglu, M.; Ozel, N. M.; Wächter, J.

2012-04-01

411

Budget crisis, entitlement crisis, health care financing problem--which is it?  

PubMed

Many budget analysts allege that growing expenditures on entitlements will necessitate a reexamination of all public spending and taxes. In fact, anticipated budget problems are fully explained by projected growth of Medicare and Medicaid. But the same forces driving public-sector health care spending are also driving private spending. Sensible reforms of publicly financed health care require a systemwide approach. Apart from health care, currently legislated federal revenues suffice to cover all currently projected spending, including all Social Security and other entitlements. The United States confronts a public and private health care spending problem, not an entitlement crisis. PMID:17978382

Aaron, Henry J

2007-01-01

412

Racial Segregation and the American Foreclosure Crisis  

PubMed Central

Although the rise in subprime lending and the ensuing wave of foreclosures was partly a result of market forces that have been well-identified in the literature, in the United States it was also a highly racialized process. We argue that residential segregation created a unique niche of poor minority clients who were differentially marketed risky subprime loans that were in great demand for use in mortgage-backed securities that could be sold on secondary markets. We test this argument by regressing foreclosure actions in the top 100 U.S. metropolitan areas on measures of black, Hispanic, and Asian segregation while controlling for a variety of housing market conditions, including average creditworthiness, the extent of coverage under the Community Reinvestment Act, the degree of zoning regulation, and the overall rate of subprime lending. We find that black residential dissimilarity and spatial isolation are powerful predictors of foreclosures across U.S. metropolitan areas. In order to isolate subprime lending as the causal mechanism whereby segregation influences foreclosures, we estimate a two-stage least squares model that confirms the causal effect of black segregation on the number and rate of foreclosures across metropolitan areas. In the United States segregation was an important contributing cause of the foreclosure crisis, along with overbuilding, risky lending practices, lax regulation, and the bursting of the housing price bubble. PMID:25308973

Rugh, Jacob S.; Massey, Douglas S.

2013-01-01

413

Childhood Obesity: A Global Public Health Crisis  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Childhood obesity is a major public health crisis nationally and internationally. The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased over few years. It is caused by imbalance between calorie intake and calories utilized. One or more factors (genetic, behavioral, and environmental) cause obesity in children. Physical, psychological, and social health problems are caused due to childhood obesity. Hence, effective intervention strategies are being used to prevent and control obesity in children. The purpose of this manuscript is to address various factors influencing childhood obesity, a variety of interventions and governmental actions addressing obesity and the challenges ahead for managing this epidemic. Methods: In order to collect materials for this review a detailed search of CINAHL, MEDLINE, ERIC, Academic Search Premier databases was carried out for the time period 1999-2011. Results: Some of the interventions used were family based, school based, community based, play based, and hospital based. The effective school-based interventions were seen targeting physical activity along with healthy diet education. The major challenges faced by these intervention programs are financial, along with stigmatization of obese children. Governments along with other health care organizations are taking effective actions like policy changing and environmentally safe interventions for children to improve physical activity. Conclusions: In conclusion, childhood obesity can be tackled at the population level by education, prevention and sustainable interventions related to healthy nutrition practices and physical activity promotion. PMID:22506094

Karnik, Sameera; Kanekar, Amar

2012-01-01

414

Afghanistan's population: planning to avoid a crisis.  

PubMed

Though the population of Afghanistan is exploding (AID estimates net growth rate at 2.5%), private, governmental, and foreign efforts should avert a crisis. The family-planning situation in this developing nation is discussed. The Afghan Family Guidance Association (AFGA), formed in July 1968, is a private organization but has semi-official status. AFGA runs 6 clinics in Kabul and 13 in the provinces. AFGA family Guides talk of mothers about their health and their children's health and about the desirability and methods of spacing children. In a pilot project several male Family Guides approach husbands with information about family planning. The Afghan government's family-planning program, scheduled to begin this year, has had its way paved by the work of the AFGA. The government plans to establish 280 basic health centers within 5 years. AID gives $1 million annually for family-planning projects, supplies, and services in Afghanistan. AID also is providing $1.7 million to finance the first demographic study of the nation. PMID:12229783

Rosenthal, J E

1973-07-01

415

Thai clinical laboratory responsible to economic crisis.  

PubMed

Nowadays, Thailand encounters a serious economic crisis. A clear consensus has been made that a cost-saving system must be the important tool. Both private and government organizations are engaged in this situation. We studied the cost-saving in the clinical laboratory. A questionnaire was distributed to 45 hospital laboratories located in Bangkok. Results showed that efforts to control the cost are the essential policy. There was a variety of factors contributing to the cost-saving process. The usage of public utility, non-recycle material and unnecessary utility were reconsidered. Besides, capital cost (wages and salary) personnel incentive are assessed. Forty three of the 45 respondents had attempted to reduce the cost via curtailing the unnecessary electricity. Eliminating the needless usage of telephone-call. water and unnecessary material was also an effective strategy. A reduction of 86.9%, 80 % and 80.0% of the mentioned factors respectively, was reported. An inventory system of the reagent, chemical and supplies was focused. Most of the laboratories have a policy on cost-saving by decreased the storage. Twenty eight of the 45 laboratories considered to purchase the cheaper with similar quality reagents instead. And some one would purchase a bulky pack when it is the best bargain. A specific system "contact reagent with a free rent instrument" has been used widely (33.3%). Finally, a new personnel management system has been chosen. Workload has rearranged and unnecessary extra-hour work was abandoned. PMID:10926260

Sirisali, K; Vattanaviboon, P; Manochiopinij, S; Ananskulwat, W

1999-01-01

416

Responding to the global human resources crisis.  

PubMed

The global community is in the midst of a growing response to health crises in developing countries, which is focused on mobilising financial resources and increasing access to essential medicines. However, the response has yet to tackle the most important aspect of health-care systems--the people that make them work. Human resources for health--the personnel that deliver public-health, clinical, and environmental services--are in disarray and decline in much of the developing world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The reasons behind this disorder are complex. For decades, efforts have focused on building training institutions. What is becoming increasingly clear, however, is that issues of supply, demand, and mobility (transnational, regional, and local) are central to the human-resource problem. Without substantial improvements in workforces, newly mobilised funds and commodities will not deliver on their promise. The global community needs to engage in four core strategies: raise the profile of the issue of human resources; improve the conceptual base and statistical evidence available to decision makers; collect, share, and learn from country experiences; and begin to formulate and enact policies at the country level that affect all aspects of the crisis. PMID:15121412

Narasimhan, Vasant; Brown, Hilary; Pablos-Mendez, Ariel; Adams, Orvill; Dussault, Gilles; Elzinga, Gijs; Nordstrom, Anders; Habte, Demissie; Jacobs, Marian; Solimano, Giorgio; Sewankambo, Nelson; Wibulpolprasert, Suwit; Evans, Timothy; Chen, Lincoln

2004-05-01

417

Civil protection preparedness and response to the 2007 eruptive crisis of Stromboli volcano, Italy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stromboli, one of the very few tourist volcanic islands in the world in permanent state of activity, has been the site of two important volcanic crises coupled with slope failure episodes in 2002-2003 and 2007. Due to the lucky circumstance that both crises have occurred in winter, the actual consequences on people were moderate. Nevertheless, the first crisis caused a few injuries, threatened the local population and caused relevant economic losses. The emotional impact on public opinion of the 30th December 2002 tsunami acted, in particular, as a trigger for civil protection initiatives aimed at structurally improving the standard volcano safety and preparedness measures to effectively deal with future crises. The main initiatives carried out during the 2003 crisis consisted in the setting up of: 1) new geophysical and geochemical volcano surveillance networks and 2) a local, permanent scientific/civil protection structure (COA, Centro Operativo Avanzato), where signals from volcano monitoring are visualized in real time and eventually used by the personnel of the Department of Civil Protection (DPC) for immediate activation of response procedures. This was followed by the setting up, in 2005, at the (DPC) in Rome, of a centre named "Centro Funzionale Centrale Rischio Vulcanico" (CFCRV), where the most relevant monitoring signals of Italian active volcanoes are visualized in real time and where activities of simple elaboration, for hazard assessment purpose are daily carried out and data sharing within the scientific community is coordinated by civil protection personnel with training in volcanic problems. The response effectiveness of the new system was tested on February-March 2007 when a new volcanic crisis occurred. An internal DPC "state of attention" was declared by the CF 15 days before the eruption onset when seismic and deformation parameters showed an abrupt increase up to values much higher than background. On February 27th the sudden onset of explosive activity outside the main craters and the occurrence of a small landslide down slope of the active craters were detected in real time on the screens of the CFCRV and by monitoring centres of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) and University of Florence (UNIFI). This enabled the DPC to immediately activate emergency crisis procedures and start a coordinated management of the crisis between civil protection personnel in Rome and COA. As accelerating slope movements were detected by ground deformation monitoring of UNIFI, a tsunami warning was launched shortly afterward. Warnings were also declared on 8th March and 15th March when slope movements resumed and a large explosion at the central craters occurred, respectively. From the end of February to May 2007 a scientific committee named "Scientific Synthesis Group" (SSG), appointed by the DPC, made daily evaluations of impending hazards in cooperation with CFCRV. During the crisis the DPC coordinated information activities with the media and island residents. The successful managing of the crisis consisted in minimizing risk for people and meanwhile facilitating normal activities and regular access to island.

Bertolaso, G.; De Bernardinis, B.; Bosi, V.; Cardaci, C.; Ciolli, S.; Colozza, R.; Cristiani, C.; Mangione, D.; Ricciardi, A.; Rosi, M.; Scalzo, A.; Soddu, P.

2009-05-01

418

A simple solution of the proton spin crisis and supersymmetry crisis  

E-print Network

In this work we suggest a simple theoretical model of the proton able to effectively solve proton spin crisis. Within domain of applicability of this simple model proton consists only of two u quarks and one d quarks (two of which have spin opposite to proton and one identical to proton) and one neutral vector phi meson (with spin two times larger than proton spin and directed identically to proton spin). This model is in full agreement not only with existing DIS experiments, but also with spin and electric charge conservation as well as in a satisfactory agreement with rest mass-energy conservation (since phi meson mass is close to proton rest mass). Our model opens an interesting possibility of the solution of the quarks and leptons families problem (proton is not an absolutely non-strange particle, but only a particle with almost totally effectively hidden strange). Also we suggest a possible "first step" toward the solution of the supersymmetry crisis using so-called superexclusion principle. According to this principle usual particles (electron, neutrino,...) can exist actually and virtually, while their supersymmetric partners, s-particles (selectron, neutralino, ...) can exist (super)exclusively virtually but not actually.

Vladan Pankovic

2014-12-15

419

Clinical trials in crisis: Four simple methodologic fixes.  

PubMed

There is growing consensus that the US clinical trials system is broken, with trial costs and complexity increasing exponentially, and many trials failing to accrue. Yet, concerns about the expense and failure rate of randomized trials are only the tip of the iceberg; perhaps what should worry us most is the number of trials that are not even considered because of projected costs and poor accrual. Several initiatives, including the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative and the "Sensible Guidelines Group" seek to push back against current trends in clinical trials, arguing that all aspects of trials-including design, approval, conduct, monitoring, analysis, and dissemination-should be based on evidence rather than contemporary norms. Proposed here are four methodologic fixes for current clinical trials. The first two aim to simplify trials, reducing costs, and increasing patient acceptability by dramatically reducing eligibility criteria-often to the single criterion that the consenting physician is uncertain which of the two randomized arms is optimal-and by clinical integration, investment in data infrastructure to bring routinely collected data up to research grade to be used as endpoints in trials. The second two methodologic fixes aim to shed barriers to accrual, either by cluster randomization of clinicians (in the case of modifications to existing treatment) or by early consent, where patients are offered the chance of being randomly selected to be offered a novel intervention if disease progresses at a subsequent point. Such solutions may be partial, or result in a new set of problems of their own. Yet, the current crisis in clinical trials mandates innovative approaches: randomized trials have resulted in enormous benefits for patients, and we need to ensure that they continue to do so. PMID:25278228

Vickers, Andrew J

2014-12-01

420

Combustion Group Group members  

E-print Network

2014 #12;Combustion Group Combustion Physics and Modeling Pollutants, Emissions, and Soot Formation · Coupling between reaction chemistry and soot-precursor · LES-modeling of large- scale industrial DeNOx facilities · Reduced-order modeling for process- control Research focus · Analysis of intrinsic combustion

Wang, Wei

421

Grid-based Meteorological and Crisis Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present several applications from domain of meteorology and crisis management we developed and/or plan to develop. Particularly, we present IMS Model Suite - a complex software system designed to address the needs of accurate forecast of weather and hazardous weather phenomena, environmental pollution assessment, prediction of consequences of nuclear accident and radiological emergency. We discuss requirements on computational means and our experiences how to meet them by grid computing. The process of a pollution assessment and prediction of the consequences in case of radiological emergence results in complex data-flows and work-flows among databases, models and simulation tools (geographical databases, meteorological and dispersion models, etc.). A pollution assessment and prediction requires running of 3D meteorological model (4 nests with resolution from 50 km to 1.8 km centered on nuclear power plant site, 38 vertical levels) as well as running of the dispersion model performing the simulation of the release transport and deposition of the pollutant with respect to the numeric weather prediction data, released material description, topography, land use description and user defined simulation scenario. Several post-processing options can be selected according to particular situation (e.g. doses calculation). Another example is a forecasting of fog as one of the meteorological phenomena hazardous to the aviation as well as road traffic. It requires complicated physical model and high resolution meteorological modeling due to its dependence on local conditions (precise topography, shorelines and land use classes). An installed fog modeling system requires a 4 time nested parallelized 3D meteorological model with 1.8 km horizontal resolution and 42 levels vertically (approx. 1 million points in 3D space) to be run four times daily. The 3D model outputs and multitude of local measurements are utilized by SPMD-parallelized 1D fog model run every hour. The fog forecast model is a subject of the parameterization and parameter optimization before its real deployment. The parameter optimization requires tens of evaluations of the parameterized model accuracy and each evaluation of the model parameters requires re-running of the hundreds of meteorological situations collected over the years and comparison of the model output with the observed data. The architecture and inherent heterogeneity of both examples and their computational complexity and their interfaces to other systems and services make them well suited for decomposition into a set of web and grid services. Such decomposition has been performed within several projects we participated or participate in cooperation with academic sphere, namely int.eu.grid (dispersion model deployed as a pilot application to an interactive grid), SEMCO-WS (semantic composition of the web and grid services), DMM (development of a significant meteorological phenomena prediction system based on the data mining), VEGA 2009-2011 and EGEE III. We present useful and practical applications of technologies of high performance computing. The use of grid technology provides access to much higher computation power not only for modeling and simulation, but also for the model parameterization and validation. This results in the model parameters optimization and more accurate simulation outputs. Having taken into account that the simulations are used for the aviation, road traffic and crisis management, even small improvement in accuracy of predictions may result in significant improvement of safety as well as cost reduction. We found grid computing useful for our applications. We are satisfied with this technology and our experience encourages us to extend its use. Within an ongoing project (DMM) we plan to include processing of satellite images which extends our requirement on computation very rapidly. We believe that thanks to grid computing we are able to handle the job almost in real time.

Hluchy, Ladislav; Bartok, Juraj; Tran, Viet; Lucny, Andrej; Gazak, Martin

2010-05-01

422

Attenuating a sickle cell crisis with annexin V.  

PubMed

A sickle cell crisis is a painful and dangerous condition that defies effective treatment but fortunately it usually terminates spontaneously and patients spend far more time crisis free than in its painful throes. This suggests that an unstable physiologic balance exists between steady state sickle cell disease (SCD) and the crisis state and if this is so a therapeutic nudge during a crisis may help to terminate it. Annexin V may be able to provide this push. The phosphatidylserine (PS) molecules normally appear on the surface of senescent erythrocytes where they are recognized by macrophages and rapidly removed so that normally only about 1% are present in the circulation but in SCD 30-40% are prematurely senescent and their removal is delayed. The PS+ sickle erythrocytes remaining in the circulation adhere to the endothelium and their exposed PS acts as a platform for the initiation of the coagulation cascade that is responsible for clot propagation. Annexin V's great affinity for PS allows it to bond to it forming a shield that blocks both of these actions suggesting that its therapeutic administration during a sickle crisis may be able to hasten its termination. PMID:25665862

Kennedy, James Randall

2015-05-01

423

Crisis management of fire in the OR.  

PubMed

Fire in the OR is a life-threatening emergency that demands prompt, coordinated, and effective interventions. Specific applications of fire protocols and guidelines for perioperative nurses and their interprofessional colleagues may take several approaches. The perioperative nurse’s role is one that can frequently prevent or ameliorate the damaging thermal effects of a fire. For example, to some degree, the nurse can control all three components of the fire triangle: the ignition sources used during surgery (eg, fiberoptic lights, ESU devices), the oxidizers (eg, room air, supplemental oxygen administered during procedures under straight local anesthesia), and the fuel sources (eg, alcohol-based prep solutions). Although all members of the surgical team play an important role, the ability of and the opportunity for the nurse to minimize the risks of fire are important patient safety attributes of the nurse. Team training, rehearsing appropriate actions, and reacting effectively are essential to preparing health care providers to respond in emergent situations and be able to deliver optimal care. In most jurisdictions, any fired--regardless of size--must be reported to the local fire department. Personnel, managers, and administrators should be prepared also for the possibility of participating in postcrisis evaluations by the fire marshal, The Joint Commission, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, and possibly other fire safety-related organizations. Additionally, supplemental information related to investigating a fire is available through the ECRI Institute.28 The ECRI Institute serves as a third-party investigator and can facilitate root-cause analyses, identify whether the crisis ought to be reported and to whom, and assist in restoring clinical operations. PMID:25645041

Seifert, Patricia C; Peterson, Erik; Graham, Karen

2015-02-01

424

Political and Economic Crisis in Russia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines the tumultuous state of affairs in Russia. The ten resources discussed offer background, news, analysis, and commentary. In recent weeks, political turmoil and economic chaos have severely threatened Russia's stability as an emerging free-market democracy, prompting regional governor and former general Alexander Lebed to say that "the situation in Russia is catastrophic--worse than in 1917." Russia's latest political upheaval began on August 23 when the unpredictable President Boris Yeltsin discharged his prime minister, Sergei Kiriyenko, and reinstalled the previous prime minister, Viktor Chernomyrdin (see the April 7, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences). Chernomyrdin plans to create an "economic dictatorship" in Russia and to print billions of rubles to avoid total economic collapse. Yesterday, in an approval ballot to reinstate Chernomyrdin as prime minister, the Duma rejected his appointment for the second time in two weeks. Analysts predict that next week a subsequent ballot for approval will fail, the Duma will dissolve, and Yeltsin will rule by decree, without a functioning government, until new parliamentary elections are held. Russian political dissension has been induced by the country's severe financial crisis. On September 6, the Russia economy suffered a blow when the European Union decided not to offer money to Russia and spurned a moratorium on debts Russia owes to EU members. Today in another setback, chairman of the central bank, Sergei Dubinin, tendered his resignation. These events, compounded by ruble devaluation, limited tax revenue, and skittish foreign investments, have left the economy in shambles, despite the recent receipt of an enormous loan from the International Monetary Fund (discussed in the July 16, 1998 Scout Report for Business & Economics).

Osmond, Andrew.

1998-01-01

425

Impact of emotional stability and attitude on consumption decisions under risk: the Coca-Cola crisis in Belgium.  

PubMed

This article focuses on consumer reactions during and after the Coca-Cola crisis of June 1999 in Belgium. The research tests for associations between the personality trait "emotional stability," attitude toward the brand, and self-reported behavior. Cross-sectional data are collected from a sample of Coca-Cola drinkers between 19 and 22 years old. The data are analyzed through the specification and estimation of a structural equation model and ANOVA. A direct and positive effect of attitude toward the brand on the behavioral response is found. No direct effect of emotional stability on behavior is revealed. However, indirect effects of personality mediated by attitude are discovered. Further, emotional stability is found to correlate negatively with importance attached to information during the crisis. Fast and transparent communication with specific attention to lower emotional stability groups, as well as the inclusion of personality and attitude measurements in future health and food safety studies, are recommended. PMID:12455764

Verbeke, Wim; Van Kenhove, Patrick

2002-01-01

426

Dynamic communities in multichannel data: An application to the foreign exchange market during the 2007-2008 credit crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the cluster dynamics of multichannel (multivariate) time series by representing their correlations as time-dependent networks and investigating the evolution of network communities. We employ a node-centric approach that allows us to track the effects of the community evolution on the functional roles of individual nodes without having to track entire communities. As an example, we consider a foreign exchange market network in which each node represents an exchange rate and each edge represents a time-dependent correlation between the rates. We study the period 2005-2008, which includes the recent credit and liquidity crisis. Using community detection, we find that exchange rates that are strongly attached to their community are persistently grouped with the same set of rates, whereas exchange rates that are important for the transfer of information tend to be positioned on the edges of communities. Our analysis successfully uncovers major trading changes that occurred in the market during the credit crisis.

Fenn, Daniel J.; Porter, Mason A.; McDonald, Mark; Williams, Stacy; Johnson, Neil F.; Jones, Nick S.

2009-09-01

427

Crisis and emergency risk communication in a pandemic: a model for building capacity and resilience of minority communities.  

PubMed

As public health agencies prepare for pandemic influenza, it is evident from our experience with Hurricane Katrina that these events will occur in the same social, historical, and cultural milieu in which marked distrust of government and health disparities already exist. This article grapples with the challenges of crisis and emergency risk communication with special populations during a pandemic. Recognizing that targeting messages to specific groups poses significant difficulties at that time, this article proposes a model of community engagement, disaster risk education, and crisis and emergency risk communication to prepare minority communities and government agencies to work effectively in a pandemic, build the capacity of each to respond, and strengthen the trust that is critical at such moments. Examples of such engagement and potential strategies to enhance trust include tools familiar to many health educators. PMID:18936256

Crouse Quinn, Sandra

2008-10-01

428

Crisis Leadership: Using Military Lessons, Organizational Experiences, and the Power of Influence To Lessen the Impact of Chaos on the People You Lead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managing a crisis and providing leadership in a crisis are not the same activity. Crisis leadership principally deals with how leaders handle the human response to a crisis, including their own. This book, in discussing crisis leadership, focuses on three questions: (1) Will the leader address the crisis head-on, take action to fix it, and, if…

Klann, Gene

429

Decentralization, Informalization, and the State: A Reinterpretation of the Farm Crisis in the U.S.  

E-print Network

The paper presents a critical reinterpretation of the farm crisis and of the related phenomena of industrial decentralization and informalization. It is argued that the present farm crisis is new only in qualitative terms, as 'the farming sector...

Bonanno, Alessandro

1986-04-01

430

Leadership Strategies Dealing With Crisis as Identified by Administrators in Higher Education  

E-print Network

This study’s purpose was to glean a comprehensive list of the leadership challenges faced and strategies utilized during campus crisis and tragedy. It also sought to examine the goals of leadership at different phases of a crisis, aspects...

Jacobsen, Merna J.

2011-10-21

431

Reading About the Financial Crisis: A Twenty-One-Book Review  

E-print Network

The recent financial crisis has generated many distinct perspectives from various quarters. In this article, I review a diverse set of twenty-one books on the crisis, eleven written by academics, and ten written by journalists ...

Lo, Andrew W.

432

Practical Information on Crisis Planning: A Guide For Schools And Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure contains basic information on crisis planning. It includes information on: (1) preparedness; (2) mitigation and prevention; (3) recovery; (4) response; and (5) Preparing schools for a crisis.

US Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

433

Macroeconomics after the Crisis: Time to Deal with the Pretense-of-Knowledge Syndrome  

E-print Network

The recent financial crisis has damaged the reputation of macroeconomics, largely for its inability to predict the impending financial and economic crisis. To be honest, this inability to predict does not concern me much. ...

Caballero, Ricardo J.

2010-01-01

434

The 2008 food price crisis negatively affected household food security and dietary diversity in urban Burkina Faso.  

PubMed

Although the 2008 food price crisis presumably plunged millions of households into poverty and food insecurity, the real impact of the crisis has rarely been documented using field data. Our objective was to assess the consequences of this crisis for household food insecurity and dietary diversity in urban Burkina Faso. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted among randomly selected households in Ouagadougou in July 2007 (n = 3017) and July 2008 (n = 3002). At each round, food insecurity assessed by the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS), the Dietary Diversity Score of an index-member of the household (IDDS = number of food groups consumed in the last 24 h), and food expenditure were collected. Food prices of the 17 most frequently consumed food items were recorded throughout the study area. Food prices at local markets increased considerably between 2007 and 2008, especially those of fish (113%), cereals (53%), and vegetable oil (44%), increasing the household monthly food expenditure by 18%. Thirty-three percent of households were food secure in 2007 and 22% in 2008 (P = 0.02). Individuals consumed fewer fruits and vegetables, dairy products, and meat/poultry in 2008 than in 2007 (mean IDDS = 5.7 ± 1.7 food groups in 2007 vs. 5.2 ± 1.5 in 2008; P < 0.0001). Differences in IDDS and HFIAS between the 2 y were even more marked after adjustment for confounding factors and food expenditure. Food security and dietary diversity significantly decreased between 2007 and 2008, whereas food prices increased. Households increased their food expenditure, but this was not sufficient to compensate the effects of the crisis. PMID:22833656

Martin-Prevel, Yves; Becquey, Elodie; Tapsoba, Sylvestre; Castan, Florence; Coulibaly, Dramane; Fortin, Sonia; Zoungrana, Mahama; Lange, Matthias; Delpeuch, Francis; Savy, Mathilde

2012-09-01

435

Vortex source flowing into vacuum under thermal crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal crisis of a stationary vortex source flowing to vacuum is considered for air on the basis of the model of a diatomic gas with variable heat capacities due to the excitation of vibrational degrees of freedom of molecules. The versions with different heat supply laws are compared. The effect of the size of the heat-release region (from close-to-zero value to that exceeding the minimal radius of the vortex source by tens of times) as well as the effect of the circulation of the flow on the critical parameters determining thermal crisis are considered. A qualitative difference from the thermal crisis in a perfect (ideal) gas with constant heat capacities is demonstrated.

Kucherov, A. N.

2013-07-01

436

[Economic crisis and mental health. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

Studies published before the financial crisis of 2008 suggest that economic difficulties contribute to poorer mental health. The IMPACT study conducted in primary health care centers in Spain found a significant increase in common mental disorders. Between 2006 and 2010, mood disorders increased by 19%, anxiety disorders by 8% and alcohol abuse disorders by 5%. There were also gender differences, with increased alcohol dependence in women during the crisis period. The most important risk factor for this increase was unemployment. In parallel, antidepressant consumption has increased in recent years, although there has not been a significant inrease in the number of suicides. Finally, the study offers some proposals to reduce the impact of the crisis on mental health: increased community services, employment activation measures, and active policies to reduce alcohol consumption and prevent suicidal behavior, particularly among young people. PMID:24661346

Gili, Margalida; García Campayo, Javier; Roca, Miquel

2014-06-01

437

[Depression telephone helpline: help seeking during the financial crisis].  

PubMed

Mental health telephone help-lines usually play a significant role in mental health services system. Their importance is substantiated during periods of financial crisis, where the mental health of the population is gravely inflicted. Media reports have documented a large increase in calls made to mental health telephone help-lines around the world as a corollary to the global economic crisis; however, a systematic investigation of this observation is still lacking. In this context, the present study endeavours to fill this gap in the literature, while it adds strength to the handful of studies which have empirically supported the impact of the financial crisis on mental health in Greece. Data were extracted from information gleaned during the calls made to the Depression Telephone Helpline of the Greek University Mental Health Research Institute. The information entailed the reason for calling, the socio-demographic and clinical profile of the person with mental health problems, his/her previous and current contacts with mental health professionals and the treatment he/she might be receiving. The results showed a steep increase in calls with direct or indirect reference to the economic crisis during the first half of 2010 and onwards. The callers who referred to the economic crisis manifested depressive symptomatology of clinical significance to a greater degree than callers who made no such reference. The latter exhibited increased levels of distress and agitation as well as drug/alcohol misuse. Concomitantly, a higher frequency of depressive symptomatology was discerned among the unemployed, whereas employed people were found to experience anxiety symptoms to a higher degree. The impact of the financial crisis on the mental health of the Greek population has been considerable, underscoring in this way the importance of mental health help-lines as emotional buffers and as guides for timely and appropriate service use in response to the emerging mental health problems. PMID:22549037

Economou, M; Peppou, L E; Louki, E; Komporozos, A; Mellou, A; Stefanis, C

2012-01-01

438

Crisis management during anaesthesia: the development of an anaesthetic crisis management manual  

PubMed Central

Background: All anaesthetists have to handle life threatening crises with little or no warning. However, some cognitive strategies and work practices that are appropriate for speed and efficiency under normal circumstances may become maladaptive in a crisis. It was judged in a previous study that the use of a structured "core" algorithm (based on the mnemonic COVER ABCD–A SWIFT CHECK) would diagnose and correct the problem in 60% of cases and provide a functional diagnosis in virtually all of the remaining 40%. It was recommended that specific sub-algorithms be developed for managing the problems underlying the remaining 40% of crises and assembled in an easy-to-use manual. Sub-algorithms were therefore developed for these problems so that they could be checked for applicability and validity against the first 4000 anaesthesia incidents reported to the Australian Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS). Methods: The need for 24 specific sub-algorithms was identified. Teams of practising anaesthetists were assembled and sets of incidents relevant to each sub-algorithm were identified from the first 4000 reported to AIMS. Based largely on successful strategies identified in these reports, a set of 24 specific sub-algorithms was developed for trial against the 4000 AIMS reports and assembled into an easy-to-use manual. A process was developed for applying each component of the core algorithm COVER at one of four levels (scan-check-alert/ready-emergency) according to the degree of perceived urgency, and incorporated into the manual. The manual was disseminated at a World Congress and feedback was obtained. Results: Each of the 24 specific crisis management sub-algorithms was tested against the relevant incidents among the first 4000 reported to AIMS and compared with the actual management by the anaesthetist at the time. It was judged that, if the core algorithm had been correctly applied, the appropriate sub-algorithm would have been resolved better and/or faster in one in eight of all incidents, and would have been unlikely to have caused harm to any patient. The descriptions of the validation of each of the 24 sub-algorithms constitute the remaining 24 papers in this set. Feedback from five meetings each attended by 60–100 anaesthetists was then collated and is included. Conclusion: The 24 sub-algorithms developed form the basis for developing a rational evidence-based approach to crisis management during anaesthesia. The COVER component has been found to be satisfactory in real life resuscitation situations and the sub-algorithms have been used successfully for several years. It would now be desirable for carefully designed simulator based studies, using naive trainees at the start of their training, to systematically examine the merits and demerits of various aspects of the sub-algorithms. It would seem prudent that these sub-algorithms be regarded, for the moment, as decision aids to support and back up clinicians' natural responses to a crisis when all is not progressing as expected. PMID:15933282

Runciman, W; Kluger, M; Morris, R; Paix, A; Watterson, L; Webb, R

2005-01-01

439

Complex Network for a Crisis Contagion on AN Interbank System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main focus of this research is the contagion of a financial crisis on an interbank debt network. In order to simulate the crisis propagation a weighted community complex network based on growth strategy has been created. The contagion is described by a new way of disease propagation perspective based on the concept of a financial virus. The model reproduces the existence of TBTF banks and shows the impact that an initial TBTF bank crash produces in the interbank network depending on the magnitude of the initial crash and on the resistance that the network offers against the contagion propagation.

Tirado, Mariano

2012-09-01

440

Edge state and crisis in the Pierce diode  

SciTech Connect

We study the chaotic dynamics of the Pierce diode, a simple spatially extended system for collisionless bounded plasmas, focusing on the concept of edge of chaos, the boundary that separates transient from asymptotic dynamics. We fully characterize an interior crisis at the end of a periodic window, thereby showing direct evidence of the collision between a chaotic attractor, a chaotic saddle, and the edge of chaos, formed by a period-3 unstable periodic orbit and its stable manifold. The edge of chaos persists after the interior crisis, when the global attractor of the system increases its size in the phase space.

Munoz, Pablo R.; Rempel, Erico L. [Institute of Aeronautical Technology (ITA) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), CTA/ITA/IEFM, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12228-900 (Brazil); Barroso, Joaquim J. [National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), P. O. Box 515, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12227-010 (Brazil); Chian, Abraham C.-L. [National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), P. O. Box 515, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12227-010 (Brazil); Observatoire de Paris, LESIA, CNRS, 92195 Meudon (France)

2012-09-15

441

Crisis action planning and replanning using SIPE-2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rome Laboratory and DARPA are jointly sponsoring an initiative to develop the next generation of AI planning and scheduling technology focused on military operations planning, especially for crisis situations. SRI International has demonstrated their knowledge-based planning technology in this domain with a system called SOCAP, System for Operations Crisis Action Planning. SOCAP's underlying power comes from SIPE-2, a hierarchical, domain-independent, nonlinear AI planner also developed at SRI. This paper discusses the features of SIPE-2 that made it an ideal choice for military operations planning and which contributed greatly to SOCAP's success.

Skidmore, Jennifer D.

1993-01-01

442

Correlation of financial markets in times of crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of correlations matrices of some of the main financial market indices in the world, we show that high volatility of markets is directly linked with strong correlations between them. This means that markets tend to behave as one during great crashes. In order to do so, we investigate financial market crises that occurred in the years 1987 (Black Monday), 1998 (Russian crisis), 2001 (Burst of the dot-com bubble and September 11), and 2008 (Subprime Mortgage Crisis), which mark some of the largest downturns of financial markets in the last three decades.

Sandoval, Leonidas; Franca, Italo De Paula

2012-01-01

443

Competition in the economic crisis: Analysis of procurement auctions  

PubMed Central

We study the effects of the recent economic crisis on firms? bidding behavior and markups in sealed bid auctions. Using data from Austrian construction procurements, we estimate bidders? construction costs within a private value auction model. We find that markups of all bids submitted decrease by 1.5 percentage points in the recent economic crisis, markups of winning bids decrease by 3.3 percentage points. We also find that without the government stimulus package this decrease would have been larger. These two pieces of evidence point to pro-cyclical markups. PMID:25673884

Gugler, Klaus; Weichselbaumer, Michael; Zulehner, Christine

2015-01-01

444

California's Salmon Crisis Hearing Before the California Assembly Committee on Water, Parks and Wildlife  

E-print Network

1 California's Salmon Crisis Hearing Before the California Assembly Committee on Water, Parks colleagues have clearly demonstrated, there is a salmon crisis in California. This crisis is not new. As early as 1983, the California Legislature directed that an advisory committee look into salmon

Kammen, Daniel M.

445

How Long Is a Minute? The Importance of a Measured Plan of Response to Crisis Situations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical interventions for special education students in crisis remains a controversial concept. The first minute of a crisis situation represents the most crucial time to prevent injury or the exacerbation of injury. Although preventing violence and escalation of negative emotions is the first step in crisis management, school staff also must be…

Bickel, Perry S.

2010-01-01

446

Analysis of Chinese Enterprise Financial Crisis Prewarning Based on BP Neural Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the economic development of the emerging market countries, bankruptcy and financial crisis occur more and more frequently in business, credit and savings institutions, and thus the demand for enterprise financial crisis prewarning is rapidly growing. The main purpose of this paper to build a business financial crisis prewarning model based on BP neural network to conduct empirical analysis of

Shen Xiangguang; Song Xiaozhong

2010-01-01

447

Life begins at 40? : Further thoughts on marketing?s “mid-life crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many commentators are contending that modern marketing is in the throes of a “mid-life crisis”. Although it is appropriate that marketing should be facing such a crisis exactly 40 years after Drucker?s (1954) celebrated statement that “marketing is the distinguishing, the unique function of business”, it is arguable that these declarations of crisis are both premature and unduly pessimistic. Adopts

Stephen Brown

1995-01-01

448

Track 4: Responsibility in public management Understanding Organizational Crisis Management Processes : an analytical framework  

E-print Network

-based perspective, we propose an analytical framework of organizational crisis management processes. We will first, and then present the crisis management processes in details. Our analytical framework leads us to distinguish two `anchorage points' in the crisis management process, we will present implications and 1 hal-00748845,version1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

449

Studying Crisis Communication From the Subaltern Studies Framework: Grassroots Activism in the Wake of Hurricane Katrina  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dominant crisis communication literature has 3 limitations: its managerial bias, functionalistic orientation, and the erasure of marginalized voices by focusing on restituting the status quo. Due to these limitations, studies that aim to understand crisis experiences, interpretive processes, and communicative responses of the politically less powerful and resource-poor are scarce in the crisis communication literature. Drawing upon the subaltern

Induk Kim; Mohan J. Dutta

2009-01-01

450

ValuJet flight 592: Crisis communication theory blended and extended  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the integration of three crisis communication approaches as it analyzes the crash of ValuJet Flight 592. The article is divided into four parts. Part One of the article defines crisis communication and examines the scope of the concept. Part Two discusses theory?building and explains the three leading theoretical approaches to understanding a crisis communication event. Part Three

Donald A. Fishman

1999-01-01

451

Crisis management, capabilities and preparedness: the case of public hospitals in Iran.  

PubMed

Crises occurred in recent decades show that organizations' preparedness to predict and respond to undesired problems is directly related to the degree of their capabilities and preparedness to manage crises in this context, hospitals compared to other organizations are more viable to suffer damages if a crisis occurs. This study investigates the degree of public hospitals capabilities and preparedness to handled possible crises. Responses from hospital managers and directors show that most of them were not familiar with crisis management, while majority of them mentioned that they had crisis management plan and committee in their hospitals. Moreover, most of the respondents believed that if a crisis occurs in the hospital, patients, personnel and documents will be the first victims of the crisis. The study also indicates that having a crisis plan and crisis committee without being familiar with knowledge of crisis management, do not help managers to cope with crisis. Moreover, correlations show that older managers were more familiar with crisis management experiences abroad, and defined responsibilities contributed to setting up crisis committee, and taking crisis seriously. PMID:21391445

Najafbagy, Reza

2010-01-01

452

Giovani imprese ad alta tecnologia di fronte alla crisi. quali strategie di reazione?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper explores the reaction of new technology-based firms (NTBF) in Italy to the recent economic crisis. Using data from the RITA database on the Italian NTBF population founded since 1984, we document the consequences of the crisis in terms of: i) exit rates; ii) the growth rates of sales and employees in the firms that had survived the crisis

Massimo G. Colombo; Anita Quas

2010-01-01

453

The Function of Epideictic and Deliberative Strategies in Presidential Crisis Rhetoric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues for a revised perspective on presidential crisis rhetoric informed by an understanding of differing exigencies and functions. Uses speeches by Ronald Reagan to examine two types of crisis rhetoric. Concludes that crisis rhetoric can not be viewed as a homogeneous type of discourse. (MM)

Dow, Bonnie J.

1989-01-01

454

Program Evaluation of the "PREPaRE" School Crisis Prevention and Intervention Training Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study details a program evaluation of the "PREPaRE School Crisis Prevention and Intervention Training Curriculum" ("PREPaRE"), conducted in the United States and Canada between 2009 and 2011. Significant improvements in crisis prevention and intervention attitudes and knowledge were shown among 875 "Crisis Prevention…

Nickerson, Amanda B.; Serwacki, Michelle L.; Brock, Stephen E.; Savage, Todd A.; Woitaszewski, Scott A.; Louvar Reeves, Melissa A.

2014-01-01

455

Crisis Intervention & Non-Violent Restraint: What's Your Action-Step?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a written version of a workshop on crisis intervention and non-violent restraint. It is geared towards staff responding to crisis calls, and the supervision of crisis intervention in public schools. Reaction to death threats, bomb scares, and weapons are discussed. The NOVA and NEAT principles are briefly integrated into this…

Torem, Chris

456

The Impact and Countermeasure Study of the World Economic Crisis on Chinese Family Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the end of 2007, subprime mortgage crisis broke out in America, and then it gradually evolved into global economic crisis and spread to other countries. The international financial situation has been deteriorating sharply and has rapidly evolved into the most serious international economic crisis since the \\

Jiang Jun; Hu Shaolong

2010-01-01

457

77 FR 61772 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request, Crisis Counseling...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...seeks comments concerning the Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training...to a State's request for crisis counseling services for a presidentially...authorizes the President to provide financial assistance to States, U...section 44 CFR 206.171 entitled Crisis Counseling Assistance and...

2012-10-11

458

Watching from the sidelines? The decline of the IMF's crisis management role  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s crisis management role during the Asian financial crisis in 1997–98 with the role it has played during the ‘credit crunch’ which emerged in the wake of the subprime crisis in the United States. With prominent calls for the construction of new forms of global financial governance to prevent a recurrence of the

Mark Beeson; André Broome

2008-01-01

459

Crisis Planning: Survey Results from Hurricane Katrina and Implications for Performance Improvement Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modern organizations constantly face unparalleled changes and uncertainty in the competitive world, thus requiring strategic planning to mitigate crisis conditions. Underscoring crisis plans are performance interventions that prepare employees, technological systems, and the organizational culture to effectively respond to a crisis event. However,…

Hutchins, Holly M.; Annulis, Heather; Gaudet, Cyndi

2008-01-01

460

The Satisfaction of Pretended Insight: The Iranian Crisis in Selected U.S. Editorial Cartoons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of a year's worth of editorial cartoons portraying the U.S. hostage crisis in Iran indicates a surprising lack of coverage or treatment of the deposed Shah and his subsequent admission into the United States as factors precipitating the crisis. Throughout the crisis, cartoonists focused on providing readers with some insight into…

DeSousa, Michael A.

461

What to Do before the Violence Happens: Designing the Crisis Communication Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a crisis arrives, two elements can help save your school's reputation: the principal's precrisis credibility with the public and the press and a crisis communication plan. Crisis plans should designate a school spokesperson and procedures for gathering, communicating, and disseminating information. Key audiences include staff, students, and…

Armistead, Lew

1996-01-01

462

Integrating Public Relations and Legal Responses during a Crisis: The Case of Odwalla, Inc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the crisis-communication strategies employed by Odwalla, Inc. during its juice contamination crisis, a crisis whose impact on public health and safety gave it the potential for developing into an issue that required public policy relief. Finds that public-relations response strategies dominated legal response strategies, followed by mixed…

Martinelli, Kathleen A.; Briggs, William

1998-01-01

463

A Coordinated Mental Health Crisis Response: Lessons Learned from Three Colorado School Shootings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a crisis response framework based on the authors' first-hand experience following three Colorado school shootings. During each crisis response, one or more of the authors joined school and/or district crisis teams, providing direct assistance and leadership. The authors' experiences helped guide subsequent responses and…

Crepeau-Hobson, Franci; Sievering, Kathryn S.; Armstrong, Charlotte; Stonis, Julie

2012-01-01

464

The Falsification of Four Popular Hypotheses about International Financial Behavior during the Asian Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various claims have been made about the causes of the Asian crisis and its spread. Here, we use data on the behavior of capital flows during the crisis to test the strong forms of four such hypotheses, including the dominant role of portfolio investors and hedge funds in initiating and spreading the crisis; moral hazard; and, finally, the role of

Thomas D. Willett; Aida Budiman; Arthur Denzau; Gab-Je Jo; Cesar Ramos; John Thomas

2001-01-01

465

The Role of Perception in Crisis Management: A Tale of Two Hurricanes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "anticipatory" model of crisis management draws the attention of crisis practitioners and researchers to the precrisis phase of crisis management. The model views institutions' position as a condition that has implications for peoples' perceptions regarding the lack of control over factors such as policies, human resources, machineries or…

Olaniran, Bolanle A.

2007-01-01

466

A quantitative review of crisis communication research in public relations from 1991 to 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study quantitatively examines 18 years (1991–2009) of data, 66 published articles, from the crisis communication domain in public relations using Coombs’ situational crisis communication theory and Benoit's image restoration theory as the theoretical foundation for analysis. Overall recommendations indicate crisis communication research in public relations may be enriched both theoretically and pragmatically through more diverse contextual and methodological applications

Elizabeth Johnson Avery; Ruthann Weaver Lariscy; Sora Kim; Tatjana Hocke

2010-01-01

467

Crisis Revisited: An Analysis of Strategies Used by Tylenol in the Second Tampering Episode.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates how Johnson & Johnson's crisis communication management adhered to many of the recommended guidelines for managing contingency planning, for mobilizing a crisis communication effort, and for post-crisis communication. Reveals the advantageous use of flexible, proactive, and corollary communication strategies. (MS)

Benson, James A.

1988-01-01

468

A consumer's view of crisis communication: Can an organization benefit from having a response plan?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis communication research establishes the importance of relationships between organizations and their publics. While theoretical treatments and case studies support this relationship, limited empirical investigations have examined how organizational responses to crisis influence public responses. This study sought to determine if grocery shoppers responded differently to organizations engaging in crisis communication practices and those that do not. Results indicate that

Brianne M. Racer; Danette Ifert Johnson

2001-01-01

469

Residential Group Care Quarterly. Volume 5, Number 3, Winter 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Residential Group Care Quarterly" contains the following articles: (1) "Promising Practices for Adequately Funding and Reimbursing Residential Services" (Lloyd Bullard); (2) "Closing the Gender Gap" (Erin Andersen); (3) "Residential Child Care: Guidelines for Physical Techniques, Crisis Prevention, and Management" (Kurk Lalemand);…

Michael, Jennifer, Ed.

2005-01-01

470

School-Based Support Groups for Traumatized Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After students experience a traumatic event, group counseling is an effective tool to offset the effects of grief and distress. Following a school crisis, successful school-based intervention requires interdisciplinary coordination between school psychologists, counselors, school social workers, teachers, and administrative staff. Within a short…

Openshaw, Linda Leek

2011-01-01

471

A Framework and Methodology for Navigating Disaster and Global Health in Crisis Literature  

PubMed Central

Both ‘disasters’ and ‘global health in crisis’ research has dramatically grown due to the ever-increasing frequency and magnitude of crises around the world. Large volumes of peer-reviewed literature are not only a testament to the field’s value and evolution, but also present an unprecedented outpouring of seemingly unmanageable information across a wide array of crises and disciplines. Disaster medicine, health and humanitarian assistance, global health and public health disaster literature all lie within the disaster and global health in crisis literature spectrum and are increasingly accepted as multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary disciplines. Researchers, policy makers, and practitioners now face a new challenge; that of accessing this expansive literature for decision-making and exploring new areas of research. Individuals are also reaching beyond the peer-reviewed environment to grey literature using search engines like Google Scholar to access policy documents, consensus reports and conference proceedings. What is needed is a method and mechanism with which to search and retrieve relevant articles from this expansive body of literature. This manuscript presents both a framework and workable process for a diverse group of users to navigate the growing peer-reviewed and grey disaster and global health in crises literature. Methods: Disaster terms from textbooks, peer-reviewed and grey literature were used to design a framework of thematic clusters and subject matter ‘nodes’. A set of 84 terms, selected from 143 curated terms was organized within each node reflecting topics within the disaster and global health in crisis literature. Terms were crossed with one another and the term ‘disaster’. The results were formatted into tables and matrices. This process created a roadmap of search terms that could be applied to the PubMed database. Each search in the matrix or table results in a listed number of articles. This process was applied to literature from PubMed from 2005-2011. A complementary process was also applied to Google Scholar using the same framework of clusters, nodes, and terms expanding the search process to include the broader grey literature assets. Results: A framework of four thematic clusters and twelve subject matter nodes were designed to capture diverse disaster and global health in crisis-related content. From 2005-2011 there were 18,660 articles referring to the term [disaster]. Restricting the search to human research, MeSH, and English language there remained 7,736 identified articles representing an unmanageable number to adequately process for research, policy or best practices. However, using the crossed search and matrix process revealed further examples of robust realms of research in disasters, emergency medicine, EMS, public health and global health. Examples of potential gaps in current peer-reviewed disaster and global health in crisis literature were identified as mental health, elderly care, and alternate sites of care. The same framework and process was then applied to Google Scholar, specifically for topics that resulted in few PubMed search returns. When applying the same framework and process to the Google Scholar example searches retrieved unique peer-reviewed articles not identified in PubMed and documents including books, governmental documents and consensus papers. Conclusions: The proposed framework, methodology and process using four clusters, twelve nodes and a matrix and table process applied to PubMed and Google Scholar unlocks otherwise inaccessible opportunities to better navigate the massively growing body of peer-reviewed disaster and global health in crises literature. This approach will assist researchers, policy makers, and practitioners to generate future research questions, report on the overall evolution of the disaster and global health in crisis field and further guide disaster planning, prevention, preparedness, mitigation response and recovery. PMID:23591457

Chan, Jennifer L.; Burkle, Frederick M.

2013-01-01

472

The mid-career crisis in relation to Super's career and Erikson's adult development theory.  

PubMed

There is a need to integrate career development theory with adult development theory and a need to include females in the research. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mid-career crisis from the perspective of Erikson's and Super's theory, and to determine whether there are sex differences distinguishing mid-career changers. The sample consisted of 134 males and females who faced a mid-career crisis. They were categorized into three groups: changed, changing, and persisters representing different points on a decision-making continuum. All participants were given a structured interview, the Ego Identity Scale, the Tennessee Self Concept Scale, the Personality Research Form, and the Career Development Inventory. The results of the data analyses revealed that individuals who changed careers scored significantly higher on identity achievement and affiliation, and there was a significant positive correlation between identity achievement and self-concept. In terms of their vocational development, persisters were concerned with exploration tasks, whereas those who had changed careers described these tasks as declining in importance. In addition, five patterns of transition were identified. No sex differences emerged on the variables, indicating that career change as a pathway to identity achievement is similar for both sexes. PMID:6519840

Perosa, S L; Perosa, L M

473

MRS features during encephalopathic crisis period in 11years old case with GA-1.  

PubMed

Glutaric aciduria type-1 (GA-1) is a disorder of amino acid metabolism. The usual clinical-onset is an acute encephalopathic crisis in early childhood. There are only a few cases diagnosed in older age groups. MRI features of the disease are well defined. However, there are limited number of studies concerning advanced neuroimaging findings. We present DWI and MRS findings of an 11year-old GA-1 patient admitted with an encephalopathic crisis. Diffusion restrictions in bilateral basal ganglia, corpus callosum and periventricular deep white matter were observed. In left occipital periventricular white matter and left basal ganglia, mild increased Cho/Cr and MI/Cr ratios and decreased NAA/Cr ratio were detected. Also inverted double lactate peak (TE: 135ms) was present at 1.33ppm in the left basal ganglia. In addition to these findings, a peak at 1.56ppm above the baseline was seen on both short and long echo-time MRS in left occipital lobe deep white matter which may show accumulation of degradation products of amino acids in the GCDH enzyme deficiency. PMID:25277297

Kurtcan, Serpil; Aksu, Banu; Alkan, Alpay; Guler, Serhat; Iscan, Akin

2015-05-01

474

Efficacy of a Crisis Intervention in Improving Mother-Child Interaction and Children's Play Functioning.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. We examined the efficacy of a crisis-based intervention in improving mother-child interaction and children's play functioning for families who had experienced domestic violence. METHOD. Using a pretest-posttest two-group control study design, we assigned the intervention group (n = 20 mother-child dyads) to the Family Intervention for Improving Occupational Performance (FI-OP) program and the control group (n = 17 dyads) to a playroom program. Both programs consisted of eight 30-min sessions. We videotaped dyads during free play and used standardized tools to assess interactions, play skills, and playfulness. RESULTS. After the intervention, mother-child interaction was significantly better in the FI-OP group than in the playroom group. The children in the FI-OP group also demonstrated significantly greater improvement in play skills, but not in playfulness. CONCLUSION. FI-OP is a promising program for improving aspects of mother-child interaction and children's play functioning among survivors of domestic violence. PMID:25553747

Waldman-Levi, Amiya; Weintraub, Naomi

2015-01-01

475

Ambiguous Argument as Advocacy in Organizational Crisis Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Posits that organizations in crisis situations must address multiple audiences with distinct needs. Analyzes the public communication offered by Jack in the Box restaurants during a food poisoning outbreak. Finds that ambiguity may provide organizations with a means for satisfying the divergent needs of their audiences--even where these distinct…

Sellnow, Timothy L.; Ulmer, Robert R.

1995-01-01

476

The biodiversity crisis and the future of evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large proportion of existing species — possibly half, conceivably even more — may be lost within the foreseeable future. But this may not prove to be the most consequential outcome of the current biodiversity crisis. More significant could be the disruption and degradation of several basic processes of evolution. It appears likely that for mass extinction episodes (MEEs) in

Norman Myers

1996-01-01

477

Myxedema Coma: A New Look into an Old Crisis  

PubMed Central

Myxedema crisis is a severe life threatening form of decompensated hypothyroidism which is associated with a high mortality rate. Infections and discontinuation of thyroid supplements are the major precipitating factors while hypothermia may not play a major role in tropical countries. Low intracellular T3 leads to cardiogenic shock, respiratory depression, hypothermia and coma. Patients are identified on the basis of a low index of suspicion with a careful history and examination focused on features of hypothyroidism and precipitating factors. Arrythmias and coagulation disorders are increasingly being identified in myxedema crisis. Thyroid replacement should be initiated as early as possible with careful attention to hypotension, fluid replacement and steroid replacement in an intensive care facility. Studies have shown that replacement of thyroid hormone through ryles tube with a loading dose and maintenance therapy is as efficacious as intravenous therapy. In many countries T3 is not available and oral therapy with T4 can be used effectively without major significant difference in outcomes. Hypotension, bradycardia at presentation, need for mechanical ventilation, hypothermia unresponsive to treatment, sepsis, intake of sedative drugs, lower GCS and high APACHE II scores and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores more than 6 are significant predictors of mortality in myxedema crisis. Early intervention in hypothyroid patients developing sepsis and other precipitating factors and ensuring continued intake of thyroid supplements may prevent mortality and morbidity associated with myxedema crisis. PMID:21941682

Mathew, Vivek; Misgar, Raiz Ahmad; Ghosh, Sujoy; Mukhopadhyay, Pradip; Roychowdhury, Pradip; Pandit, Kaushik; Mukhopadhyay, Satinath; Chowdhury, Subhankar

2011-01-01

478

Implications of the energy crisis on minorities in southcentral Texas  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the present research was the examination of the social and psychological correlates of the energy crisis, the analysis of whether the costs of energy force the choice between energy and other goods and services and to assess the survey population's attitude to and knowledge of alternative energy sources. The data source was the minority population in Harris County, Texas. The results of the study indicate that low-income minorities do perceive some disruption in personal or interpersonal functioning that is due to the rising cost of energy. In examining social correlates of the energy crisis seventy-eight percent of those studied felt that their life-styles had been affected by the energy crisis. Most respondents felt worried or upset over the rising costs of energy, perceived tension in their households and were not as satisfied with their life as before the energy crisis. Almost one-half of the respondents reported more family quarrels as a result of rising energy costs. A large percentage of respondents reported consuming less energy in 1981 than in 1974. In terms of energy use patterns many of the respondents did make an effort to reduce energy consumption. Black respondents reported greater conservation efforts than Mexican-American respondents. The data indicates that when individuals are familiar with energy alternatives they are, by and large, willing to use those alternatives. The notable exception was nuclear energy; those respondents familiar with nuclear energy were almost evenly divided on willingness to use nuclear energy.

Williams, S.R.; Slaughter, D.

1981-01-01

479

Listening Skills Training: Application to Crisis Intervention Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature in listening behavior reveals an increasing interest in the importance of listening in the communication process and the therapeutic situation. Since crisis workers are continually confronted with feeling-laden messages in which the implicit, unspoken, and covert content is vital, empathic listening is a necessity. The…

Coonfield, Ted J.; And Others

480

PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE What is a psychological crisis?  

E-print Network

manner. #12;2 Employees GO to the nearest hospital emergency room or CALL your family physician always requires the intervention of trained personnel. DO NOT attempt to handle the potentially hospital emergency room or CALL after-hours crisis line at 561-297-3540 during nights and weekends

Fernandez, Eduardo

481

Getting the Crisis Right: Missing Perspectives on Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers major characteristics of African countries that influence the African crisis. Distinguishes between export crops and food crops and divides food crops into subsistence and sales components. States that three crises afflict Africa: (1) food production, (2) urban supply, and (3) external imbalances and foreign debt. Reflects on the role of…

Jamal, Vali

1988-01-01

482

A New Approach to Deal with the Global Food Crisis A New Approach to Deal with the Global Food Crisis A New Approach to Deal with the Global Food Crisis A New Approach to Deal with the Global Food Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Abstract Abstract The global food crisis in 2008 made the World once again aware that investment in agriculture matters. In view of the long period of food surpluses and de- pressed food prices, many policy decision makers con- cluded that hunger is just a distribution problem. As a consequence, public funding for further crop improve- ments was cut back

Philipp Aerni

483

Fair Value Accounting and the Financial Crisis: Messenger or Contributor?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Did fair value accounting play a role in the current financial crisis? This appendix explores the issue. Fair value accounting implies that assets and liabilities get measured and reflected on a firm`s financial statements at their market value, or close substitutes. Extensive academic research done over the past 20 years shows that financial statements that reflect the market values of

MICHEL L. MAGNAN; John Molson; Ross Watts; Antonio Parbonetti

2009-01-01

484

Fair value accounting is the wrong scapegoat for this crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ongoing financial crisis has revived the longstanding debate about fair value accounting. This policy contribution by Nicolas Véron argues that in times of market disruption, no accounting standards could lead to consensual outcomes, and that fair value remains better than proposed alternatives. Rather than reducing its scope, policymakers should focus on capital requirements standards (Basel II), where the negative

2008-01-01

485

Satellite Image Analysis for Disaster and Crisis-Management Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how multisource satellite data and efficient image analysis may successfully be used to conduct rapid-mapping tasks in the domain of disaster and crisis-management support. The German Aerospace Center (DLR) has set up a dedicated crosscutting service, which is the so-called \\

Stefan Voigt; Thomas Kemper; Torsten Riedlinger; Ralph Kiefl; Klaas Scholte; Harald Mehl

2007-01-01

486

Financial Spillovers to Emerging Markets during the Global Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper potential financial linkages between liquidity and bank solvency measures in advanced economies and emerging market (EM) bond and stock markets are analyzedduring the latest crisis. A multivariate GARCH model is estimated in order to gauge the extent of co-movements of these financial variables across markets. The findings indicate that the notion of possible de-coupling (in the financial

Heiko Hesse; Nathaniel Frank

2009-01-01

487

Caring During Crisis: Animal Welfare During Pandemics and Natural Disasters  

Microsoft Academic Search

From April 29 to May 1, 2007, the University of Guelph hosted a symposium, Caring During Crisis: Animal Welfare During Pandemics and Natural Disasters, with the objectives (a) of raising awareness about how nonhuman animals and the people who care for them are affected during emergencies and (b) of sharing knowledge about how animal welfare may be addressed during these

Suzanne T. Millman

2008-01-01

488

Coping Strategies for the Global Financial Crisis of Higher Education  

E-print Network

on tertiary education $0 $5,000 $10,000 $15,000 $20,000 $25,000 $30,000 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile: OECD, Education at a Glance 2010, Table B2.4 #12;Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech RepublicCoping Strategies for the Global Financial Crisis of Higher Education International Forum on Higher

Heller, Don

489

The ethical crisis for cross-cultural counseling and therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ethical crisis of cross-cultural counseling and therapy results from the use of mental health assumptions, assessments, and interventions that were developed in one cultural context but implemented in a totally different one. The present article sought (a) to determine if ethical guidelines sensitive to cross-cultural counseling and therapy are needed, (b) to discuss guidelines for research that have direct

Paul B. Pedersen; Anthony J. Marsella

1982-01-01

490

Instructions for use Energy Crisis as Global Problem  

E-print Network

. Here we find the energy crisis. The metaphor of "blood flow" in the human body is often used of social life like the flow of blood, and for that reason people seldom have the perception that we consume amounts. World oil consumption in 2007 was 85,220,000 bpd ( this includes ethanol and biodiesel

Tachizawa, Kazuya

491

How Do Principals Perceive School Crisis: Lending Their Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School crises such as the "Newtown" shooting have underscored the importance of school readiness, but the topic of how principals prepare for these emergencies remains understudied. Although school crisis plans have been created at the state and national level, we do not know how these plans inform principals' perceptions about…

Waters-Johnson, Renee

2013-01-01

492

When the circuit breaks -- America`s energy crisis  

SciTech Connect

The film shows how America`s energy crisis happened and what possibilities the future holds. It examines some solutions available through the development of coal, oil, and natural gas resources, looks at nuclear, geothermal, and solar energy sources which could be developed, and stresses the importance of conserving energy at home, in transportation, in business, and in industry.

NONE

1994-12-31

493

When the circuit breaks -- America`s energy crisis  

SciTech Connect

This report shows how America`s energy crisis happened and what possibilities the future holds. It examines some solutions available through the development of coal, oil, and natural gas resources. Looks at nuclear, geothermal, and solar energy sources which could be developed. Stresses the importance of conserving energy at home, in transportation, in business, and in industry.

NONE

1994-12-31

494

Intercultural Education and the Crisis of Globalisation: Some Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay I reflect on the role of intercultural education in an emerging global crisis. Education systems are characterised by both divergent and convergent impulses. Divergent impulses include tradition, nationalism and religion. Convergent impulses (isomorphism) include science and technology, culture (including the English language),…

Coulby, David

2011-01-01

495

Rhetorics of Regulation in Education after the Global Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic crises such as those of 1929, 1973 and 2008 appear to associate with shifts in the rhetorics of management. These dates mark the end of expansionary phases within an economic cycle, and they portend what James O'Connor has called a "fiscal crisis of the state". It is argued, speculatively, that immediately before and after an economic…

Hartley, David

2010-01-01

496

The Russian Labor Market in the Statistics of the Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social and economic development of the country was subjected to serious trials in 2009. The world financial and economic crisis had a negative effect on the main basic indicators of the economy. This had an immediate impact on the social labor sphere. Many social indicators went downhill. In particular, that led to a decline in real wages and…

Gertsii, Iu. V.; Malyshev, M. L.

2012-01-01

497

Monitoring the Effects of the Global Crisis on Education Provision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the experience and findings from the monitoring work carried out by UNESCO throughout 2009 to examine and assess the possible effects of the global financial and economic crisis on education provision in its Member States. The findings showed that although it was too early to ascertain the full extent of the impact of the…

Chang, Gwang-Chol

2010-01-01

498

Risk and return in the post-crisis world.  

PubMed

In the wake of the global financial crisis, the actions of leading central banks appear to have modified some of the long-established relationships between risk and return. But those principles may reassert themselves in the coming years as the financial environment returns to longstanding earlier patterns. PMID:24851463

Jarvis, William F

2014-05-01

499

Resources in Crisis Intervention: School, Family and Community Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally developed to respond to the Desert Storm/Persian Gulf War, this resource book provides information designed to help parents, teachers, and service providers to plan and implement a comprehensive response to meeting children's emotional needs during a crisis. Contributors are experts on different kinds of crises that school age children…

Sandoval, Jonathan, Ed.

500

Crisis and conservation in Sagarmatha national park, Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

A widely held perception of acute environmental crisis in Khumbu, Nepal, led Western?trained resource managers to join His Majesty's Government in the planning, establishment, and ongoing management of Sagarmatha National Park. An underlying sense of urgency led the park's planners to the hasty imposition of imported conservation ideology and techniques. Park planning and management was based on Western models and

Barbara Brower

1991-01-01